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Full text of "History of Jones County, Iowa, past and present"

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HISTORY 



OP 



JONES COUNTY, IOWA 



PAST AND PRESENT 



R. M. CORBIT, B. S. and LL. B. 

EDrrOR-IN<:HIEF 



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IN TWO VOLUMES— ILLUSTRATED 



VOLUME I 



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THE HEW lOrA 
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INTRODUCTORY 



The mission of the historian is to chronicle things and events as he finds 
them, and preserve them according to the fact, rather than to g^ve to history the 
coloring he thinks it ought to have. The recording of the organization, prc^fress 
and condition of the county, commercially, socially, religiously, educationally and 
politically, past and present, is not a matter of interest and value for the present 
generation alone; future generations will peruse these pages to learn of the 
past, and from force of circumstances, will be compelled to accept the facts 
herein presented, as matters of undisputed historic reference. To gather and 
transcribe the data of this volume in the short space of six months, has been a 
large undertaking, and what has been accomplished in that period of time, will 
be disclosed in the pages of this history. 

The History of Jones County, published in 1879, has been of valuable assist- 
ance in compiling this volume, and its pages have been freely used in this history 
so far as applicable. The cheerful assistance rendered the editor by those 
solicited for information and contributions, forms one of the most delightful 
memories of this task. To meet these people in their homes, in their places of 
business, and on the street and highway, and secure their hearty cooperation in 
making this work a success, has been one of the most enjoyable features of the 
labors we were called upon to perform. The friendships formed, the coopera- 
tion manifest, the appreciation expressed, and the satisfaction experienced in 
securing a history of our home county, have been encouraging features in the role 
as historian. 

We gladly express our grateful appreciation of the encouragement, support 
and assistance of the several members of the Advisory Board, namely, J. W. 
Doxsee, Mary Calkins Chassell, Christina Scroggie and T. E. Booth. Special 
recognition and acknowledgement should also be made of the generous and able 
services of Mr. J. E. Remley, of Anamosa, in writing the Fairview township 
liistory ; of the valuable and willing assistance of S. J. Rice of Scotch Grove, in 
securing historical data in Scotch Grove township; of the kindness of Ervin E. 
Reed of Monticello in contributing a chapter on the topography of the county; 



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6 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

of Frank Kenney of the Oxford Mirror ; of A. A. Cole of the Olin Recorder ; 
Mrs. W. B. Brock, D. E. Rummel, Mrs. F. W. Port, K. T. Lamb, L. M. Car- 
penter and others at Olin ; C. H. Brown and others of Martelle ; S. S. Farwell, 
H. M. Carpenter, R. C. Stirton, G. W. Lovell, several ladies of the Friday Club, 
and others of Monticello; William Stingley, J. E. Coder, Frank Jones, M. O. 
Felton, T. Dawson and others of Center Junction ; the several township and town 
clerks; the various ministers of the churches; the secretaries of the fraternal 
and other organizations ; the bank officers and the several county and other pub- 
lic officials ; the early settlers, and the many whose information, suggestions and 
contributions have added to the value and accuracy of this history. 

It is indeed a matter of regret that the county, township and town records, 
generally, have been found incomplete. In many instances, the earlier records 
of the townships have been more full and complete with official information than 
the later records. A school of instruction for town and township clerks in the 
matter of keeping the proper record of official meetings would be profitable. 
Some of the records, however, had the minutes of official action properly re- 
corded, and are models for neatness and accuracy of statement. The earlier 
county records, on the other hand, have lacked system and connection. But this 
is past. The present records of the county are models in system, accuracy and 
completeness, and under the present county officials, especially the county audi- 
tor and the clerk of the district court, the records are becoming more complete 
and accurate. 

A careful reading of the pages of this volume can only deepen the respect 
of the reader for those early pioneers, who by their untiring energy, devotion 
and sacrifices, have made possible the civilization, prosperity and enlighten- 
ment of the present day. The reader will note with an increasing interest, the 
gradual development of the country from the imbroken forests, unturned prairies 
and primitive cabins, to the broad acres of rich cultivated fields, improved farms, 
and comfortable homes of today. The men and women of the early days were 
distinctive institutions, each in his and her own sphere and community, battling 
for some ideal, representing some principle, and laying the foundations for the 
present prosperity and advantages. Posterity can well afford to be magnani- 
mous, and the heart may well swell with pride and reverence for the hardy and 
sacrificing pioneers, whose heritage is now enjoyed. Indeed, in the language of 
the prospectus, we can say this history "is an effort to rescue from oblivion the 
deeds of ancestors and the early pioneers, the causes of prosperity and greatness, 
and the character of the average men who have achieved success and made 
famous our industries and institutions." The present institutions of learning 
and industry, the numerous schools and churches, the general intelligence and 
moral standards of the people and their general prosperity, all have been builded 
on the foundations laid by our ancestors, and are silent monuments and tributes 
of praise to the character, influence and enthusiasm of the noble-hearted pioneers 
and their children. 

This work is dedicated and presented to the many good people of Jones 
county with the hope that it will be appreciated, that it will be found of llarge 
value as a history of the county, its people and its institutions, past and present, 
and that those who have aided in making this undertaking a success, will find a 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 7 

satisfaction for their kind services which will be to them of richer value and 
higher compensation than the words of thanks and appreciation spoken by the 
editor. 

The next generation will accord to this work, even a higher estimate of value 
than the generation of today. The highest sources of information, the pioneers 
themselves, are rapidly passing to other rewards. Very few remain to tell the 
story of privation, endurance and romance. The history of the county was largely 
made when the pioneers were in the prime of life. Their written experiences, 
and the story of life, organization and industry as told by their lips, and recorded 
in these pages, are more valuable and reliable than tradition. This work is to 
save for posterity, the true history of the county with its beginnings, its growth 
and its prosperity. 

This history will be published in two volumes. The first volume is history; 
ihe second, personal biography ; the editor has had supervision of the first volume 
only. R. M. Corbit. 

Wyoming, Iowa, November i, 1909. 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

JONES COUNTY. 



PAGE 

EJarly Settlement 28 

Infant Pioneers 24 

Some First Things In Jones Ctounty 25 

Historic Setting of Jones Connty 26 

Political Organization of tlie Ck>unty 2T 

First Election of Ctounty Officers 28 

Some Early Commissioner's Records 29 

Election Precincts 80 

Organization of Townships 81 

The Topography of Jones County 88 

Tornado History 42 

Barthqnake History 44 

Flood History 46 

State and Federal Officers from Jones County 49 

Jones County in the Legislature 49 

In the Territorial Council 00 

State Senators BO 

State R^resentatiyes flO 

County Officers Bl 

Commissioners .' 51 

Supervisors 52 

Clerks of Commissioner's Court 64 

Clerks District Court 54 

Sheriffs 54 

Recorders 54 

Treasurers 54 

Auditors 55 

County Superintendents 55 

County Attorneys 55 

Coroners 55 

Surveyors 55 

County Organization, 1909 56 

County Expenses, 1865 69 

County Expenses, 1878 69 

County Expenses, 1895 60 

County Expenses, 1908 61 

County Expenses, by years since 1880 62 

County Assessment by Townships, 1864 68 

County Assessment by Townships, 1879 64 

County Assessment by Townships, 1896 66 

County Assessments by Townships, 1909 66 

Comparative Table of Property Valuations, '61 to '09 , . . . 66 

Growth and Development of Jones County Population 67 

Comparative Population by Townships, 1860-1905 67 

Crop and Produce Statistics 68 

Tax Levies for 1909 68 

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10 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

_ PAOB 

County Seat Questions 70 

The Courthouse !..!.!! 72 

Some Improvements [ ...!.... 74 

Educational ...!... 74 

Cass Township Schools and Teachers .....!.. 76 

Castle Grove Schools and Teachers 76 

Clay Township Schools and Teachers 76 

Falrvlew Township Schools and Teachers 76 

Greenfield Township Schools and Teachers 76 

Hale Township Schools and Teachers 76 

Jackson Township Schools and Teachers [ 77 

Lovell Township Schools and Teachers 77 

Madison Township Schools and Teachers 77 

Oxford Township Schools and Teachers 77 

Richland Township Schools and Teachers 77 

Rome Township Schools and Teachers 77 

Scotch Grove Township Schools and Teachers 77 

Waynp Township Schools and Teachers 78 

Washington Township Schools and Teachers 78 

Wyoming Township Schools and Teachers ! 78 

Town Graded, Schools and Teachers 79 

Political Status of Jones County 80 

Election Returns, 1876-1908 82 

Early Marriages and Marriage Licenses, 1839-1856 83 

Early Dairying 90 

Odds and Ends 92 

M. E. Appointments, 1874 92 

Petit Jurors, December, 1867 92 

Montlcello Markets, June 20, 1867 92 

Wyoming Markets. October 1, 1909 92 

Abstract of Real and Personal Property, 1867 93 

School Census and Apportionment, 1867 93 

Status of Air Ship Navigation, August, 1909 98 

The North Pole (J5 

Republican Convention, 1868 95 

Jones County Medical Society 96 

Jones County Farmer's Institute 97 

Jones County Sunday School Association 98 

Jones County Good Roads Association 99 

Jones County Old Settler's Association 99 

Lynch Law and the Vigilance Committee 102 

The County Farm 103 

The Judiciary 105 

The First Court 106 

The Courts— County, Circuit and District 107 

The Jones County Bar Association 109 

Jones County Attorneys, 1909 109 

Meteorological and Climatology Tables, Jones County 109 

Maximum and Minimum Temperature, 1854 to 1909 110 

Monthly and Annual Rain and Snow in inches 113 

Earliest and Latest Frost, 1850 to 1909 114 

Monthly and Annual Quantities of Snow in inches 115 

Civil War History 116 

Events Leading up to War 116 

Union Meeting 117 

Resolutions by Board of Supervisors, June, 1861 121 

Patriotic Meeting in Rome 122 

The County 4th of July Celebration 122 

Incidents of Enlistment 123 

First Company of Volunteers 124 

Grand Turn-Out of Military and CltizenB 125 

Flag Presentation and D^arture 127 

Farewell Supper 129 

Sanitary Commission 129 

Flag Presentation by Boston Ladles 180 

Another Offering from Jones County 132 

The Draft 182 

The Flag of the Ninth Iowa 138 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 11 

PAGE 

Washington's Birthday at Anamoea, 1864 138 

The Fourteenth Iowa Infantry * 135 

Re-Unlon at MonticeUo, August 14, 1865 !..!.!! !l86 

Col. Wm. T. Shaw of Anamosa .* 137 

Soldier's Memento— Left-Hand Writing !!'.188 

History of Co. B, 9th Iowa 141 

History of Co. H, 81st Iowa ! 144 

History of the 24th Iowa .149 

Volunteer Roster * .' . ,151 

List of Soldiers In Jones County In 1886 .182 

The Spanish War I93 

Banks and Banking '. * . .194 

Aggregate Deposits, Capital and Assets !l94 

The Onslow Savings Bank 195 

The Montlcello State Bank ! 196 

The Lovell State Bank, Montlcello 197 

The Oxford Junction Savings Bank 198 

The Citizens Exchange Bank, Oxford Junction 199 

The Citizens Savings Bank, Olin I99 

The First National Bank, Olin 200 

The Farmers Savings Bank, Martelle 201 

The Citizens Savings Bank, Anamosa 202 

NUes & Wattars Savings Bank, Anamosa 203 

The Anamosa National Bank .204 

The First National Bank, Wyoming 205 

The Citizens Bank, Wyoming 206 

Ballroads 207 

Mileage and Assessed Valuation per mile 216 

The Jones County Calf Case 216 

The Catholic Churches in Jones County « 219 

Catholicity in Anamosa 228 

St. Joseph's Parish, Stone City 240 

Catholic Church in Montlcello 242 

Catholicity in Castle Grove 246 

Catholic Church in Oxford Junction 254 

CASS TOWNSHIP. 

Early Settlement 255 

The Schools 256 

Cass Congregational Church 256 

Official Township Roster 269 

CASTLE GROVE TOWNSHIP. 

The Early Settl^nent 261 

Some Early Pioneers 262 

The Postofflces ; . .262 

The Mill 268 

The Schools 263 

Downerville Co-Operatlve Creamery Company 263 

Castle Grove Mutual Tel^hone Company 264 

Farmer's Mutual Insurance Association 264 

Penlel Presbyterian Church 265 

The Evangelical Church 266 

Castle Grove Baptist Church 266 

The German Lutheran Church 269 

Official Township Roster 269 

CLAY TOWNSHIP. 

An Honored Resident and Pioneer 273 

Early Settlement and History 274 

Clay Mills 276 

Clay Mills Postofflce 276 

Other Mill History 275 



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12 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

The Creameries 276 

The Jamee Hall Creamery .,,,,.[ !276 

The Carpenter Creamery ] ] .276 

The Bader Creamery ' .277 

The Clay Co-Operative Creamery '. 277 

Clayford, location and PostoflQce !278 

Free- Will Baptist Church 278 

Bethel Presbyterian Church ! ] . .279 

Latter Day Saints Chapel ' '28I 

The Village of Canton ...,. .282 

The Mill and Other Business Interests [, ,2S2 

The Canton Postoffice [ 284 

Official Roster Clay Township *. *284 

FAIRVIEW TOWNSHIP. 

General Conditions 287 

1909 Assessment 288 

Comparative Market Prices 288 

Early Settlement of Anamosa and Township 291 

Mrs. Peet's Letter, 1842 293 

Wild Game in Fairview Township 295 

The First Postoffice 297 

Anamosa 299 

The County Seat .300 

Business Interests 804 

Anamosa Water Works 305 

Mercantile and Commercial 305 

Strawberry Hill 305 

Anamosa Incorporated 306 

A Few Dates of Public Interest 306 

Origin of the Name Anamosa 307 

Anamosa Postoffice 308 

Anamosa Home-Coming, 1909 811 

City Officers 814 

Churches 816 

Fairview Baptist Church 316 

Anamosa Baptist Church 317 

Congregational Church, Anamosa 319 

Presbyterian Church, Anamosa 324 

Protestant Episcopal Church, Anamosa 326 

Methodist Episcopal Church, Anamosa 326 

Protestant Methodist Church 328 

Catholic Church 328 

Banks 328 

Nlles & Watters Savings Bank 328 

The Anamosa National Bank 328 

Citizens Savings Bank .329 

Old Landmark Taken Down 330 

A Historical Ball Game 330 

Fire Department 332 

Fires .333 

Anamosa and the Press 336 

Iowa State Reformatory 338 

Peoples Gas Company 350 

Anamosa Fair Association 350 

Anamosa Cemetery Association 353 

The Grand Army of the Republic 354 

Eastern Iowa Veteran Association 356 

The Apollo Club 356 

Daughters of the American Revolution 357 

The Library 3® 

Minutes of Council-Library 360 

Sanitarium S® 

Educational 304 

Mystic Workers 366 

Modem Woodmen 366 

Knights of Pythias 367 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 13 

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History of Stone City 868 

mie Poetofflce, Stone City 368 

lU^igious Welfare 868 

The Stone QuarrieB 860 

GEBENFIBLD TOWNSHIP. 

Early Settlement 878 

Oflldal Township Roster 874 

Tile Town of Martelle 876 

The First Merchant 876 

The Town Platted 876 

Some Early Merchants 876 

Some Early Settlers 877 

Martelle Incorporated 877 

Martelle Official Roster 877 

The Postofflce 878 

The Creamery 878 

Banking 879 

The Schools 379 

Business Directory, 1909 880 

Fraternal Societies, K. P., P. S., M. W. A., R. N. A 881 

The Churches 382 

The Methodist Church 882 

The Christian Church 382 

HALE TOWNSHIP. 

Barly Settlement 382 

Hie Township Organized 388 

An Early Industry 888 

The Bridge 888 

The Village of Hale 884 

The Postofflce 384 

The Hale Church 885 

Hale Business Roster, 1909 885 

The Village Platted 885 

The Creamery 386 

Hale Lodges. M. W. A., R. N. A 386 

Pleasant Hill Church 387 

Official Roster Hale Township 388 

JACKSON TOWNSHIP. 

General Conditions 389 

The First School 889 

The First Settlem«it 389 

A Pioneer Family 889 

Other Early Families 

The Village of Newport 

Location of Village 390 

The Newport Mills 891 

Village of Isbell '. . .891 

An Early Mill 391 

Cemeteries 891 

A Late Spring 391 

The Antloch Church 392 

Riverside United Brethren Church 392 

Official Roster Jackson Township 898 

LOVELL TOWNSHIP. 

The Township Organized 897 

Official Roster Lovell (and Montlcello) Township .898 



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14 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



MADISON TOWNSHIP. 

The Early Settlement 40O 

The First Marriage 401 

The First Birth 401 

The Township Organized 402 

The Village of Madison 402 

The Postofflce 402 

Business Center ; An "Inn" Incidence 402 

Township Assessment in 1850 403 

A Madison Bear of 1861 404 

Official Roster Madison Township 405 

Center Junction 408 

The First Building 408 

Early Mercantile Interests 408 

The Village in 1879 409 

The Village Fire Visitation 409 

The Village Incorporated 409 

Water Works Established 409 

Business Roster, 1909 410 

The Creamery 410 

The County Seat Question 410 

Center Junction Clay Works 411 

The Telephone Company 411 

Center Junction Orchestra 411 

Center Junction Schools 412 

The Center Junction Call 418 

The Center Junction Visitor 414 

The Churches 414 

The Methodist Church 414 

The Presbyterian Church .415 

Fraternal Societies 416 

The K. K. Club 418 

Official Roster, Center Junction 418 

MONTICELLO TOWNSHIP. 

The Township Organized 420 

A Prosperous City 420 

Death of S. S. Farwell 420 

Early History of Montlcello, by M. M. Moulton 421 

The First Settier 424 

Hop Culture 425 

Personal Reminiscences by Mrs. Gallagher 426 

The Village of Montlcello Incorporated '^ .438 

The Principal Fires 440 

The Postoffice 443 

John O. Duer Post, G. A. R 444 

The Montlcello Schools 444 

The Montlcello Press 452 

Early Business Men of Montlcello 454 

The Montlcello ^Public Li^ ry 450 

The Montlcello Library "^ ety 462 

The Friday Club .... 463 

Club of 1894 464 

Young Men's Christian A ation 465 

Volunteer Fire Company 465 

The Diamond Creamery C >any 465 

The Jones County Fair Ass. tlon 467 

The Montlcello Union Park A.*soclatlon 468 

Jones County Militia Company • • • .469 

Montlcello Cemetery Association 470 

The Soldier's Monument 473 

The Klondyke Creamery 473 

History of Banking in Montlcello 474 

MonUcello Water Works 475 

Montlcello Electric Lights 476 

The Hoag Duster Company 477 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 15 

Hall-Benedict Manufacturing CJompany 478 

Monrtcello Tll^ Factory 478 

The Bottling Works [ 479 

The Monticello Mills '. . .479 

Montlcello Canning Company .* 4S0 

Monticello Greenhouses and Nursery 481 

The Monticello Cornet Band 481 

Monticello Fraternal Societies 481 

K. of P 481 

M. W. A 482 

R. N. A 482 

O. 0.0 482 

T. L. of H 4?^2 

H. G. W 483 

M. W. W 483 

Rebekahs 483 

0. E. S 483 

1. O. O. F. No. 117 484 

T. O. O. F. No. 43 484 

A. O. U. W 484 

M. B. A 484 

R. A. M., r. D 485 

Trinity Commandery 485 

Am. Patriots 485 

Homesteaders 485 

A. F. & A. M 485 

The Churches 486 

The Congregational Church 486 

The Presbyterian Church 487 

The German Reformed Church 489 

The M. E. Church 489 

The Catholic Church 491 

The I'nited Brethren Church .492 

The Baptist Church 492 

The Episcopalian Society 492 

The Christian Church 493 

The Business and Professional Roster, 1909 493 

Official Roster, City of Monticello 494 

OXFORD TOWNSHIP. 

Location and Organization , 496 

The First Settler 497 

The First Dwellings 497 

The First Child Born 498 

The First Wedding 498 

The First Religious Service .498 

The First Death .498 

The Development of the Township 499 

Official Township Roster 499 

Village of Oxford Mills 500 

The Oxford Mill 501 

Zinn Electric Light and Power Co .* *U 502 

The (^hurch ''^ 502 

The Postoffice ' 502 

Oxford Junction : 503 

Location and General (V)nditions :' '. 503 

The Beginning of the Town ^ ; 503 

Growth and Development ! ' 503 

I>osses and Epidemics '^V* V 504 

The Water WorlvS .' 504 

The Town Politically 504 

The Coumiercial Club 505 

A Manufactory 505 

The Topaz Creamery 505 

The Oxford Mirror 507 

Banking 508 

The Postoffice 509 



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16 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

PAGE 

The Public School 509 

The Pbilomatheon Club 511 

Bohemian Farm Mutual Insurance Company 512 

The B. & A. National Band 512 

Good Templars Society 512 

The Depot and Its Business 513 

The Oxford Junction Telephone Company 513 

Business Directory, 1909 513 

The Churches 514 

St. Mary's Church 514 

Sacred Heart Church 515 

The Methodist Church 510 

Kvangelical Lutheran Church 517 

Fraternal Societies 518 

R. N. A 518 

A. F. & A. M 518 

M. B. A 518 

K. of P 518 

O. O. 519 

Western Bohemian Fraternal Association 519 

M. W. A 519 

Official Roster, Oxford Junction 520 

RICHLAND TOWNSHIP. 

Early Settlement 521 

The Township Organized .521 

An Early Missionary 522 

An Incident with Wolves 522 

A Pioneer Story 522 

The Infant Pioneers 523 

Bowen's Prairie 523 

Village Platted 523 

The Postofflce 623 

The Churches 524 

The Bowen's Prairie Congregational Church 524 

The Methodist (Church 525 

German Presbyterian Church 525 

The Ross Cheese Factory 525 

Historical Sketch of Bowen's Prairie, by Barrett Whittemore 526 

A Melancholy Event 528 

Some Pioneers 530 

A Political Anecdote 531 

A Horse Race 532 

Political Questions 532 

Other Pioneer Settlements 534 

Official Roster Richland Township 536 

ROME TOWNSHIP. 

Early Settlement in General 539 

Reminiscences of Rome. 1840-41, by R. J. Cleaveland 540 

Incidents of the First Court 542 

Early Manners and Customs 543 

Uncle Ben Smith 544 

Early Law Matters 544 

Early County History 546 

Early Mall Facilities 548 

Early County Seat Problems 548 

Early terming Methods 549 

The Indians 549 

Saw and Grist Mills 550 

The Cause of Education 551 

An Anecdote 551 

Some Early Settlers 552 

The First Child 553 

The First Burial 563 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 17 

P\GE 

A Late Season 553 

The Township Organized 553 

Olin 554 

The Town Platted 554 

The People 554 

The Postofflce 554 

The Depot 555 

The Town of Olln Incorporated 555 

Official Roster of Olln 557 

The First Physician 559 

K. T. Lamb, Merchant 559 

The Olin School 560 

Olin and the Press 563 

The Olin Fires 504 

Banking 565 

Water Works 566 

Electric Lights 567 

Organizations 567 

The Olin Volunteer Fire Company 567 

The Olin Cornet Band 567 

The Olln Commercial Club 568 

Poultry Fanciers' Association 5(J8 

The 20th Century Club . . . ; 568 

The Olin-Morley Telephone Company 569 

The Olin Creamery 569 

The Olln Tile and Brick Company 569 

Don A. Carpenter Post, G. A. R 569 

The Olin College 570 

The Olin Cemetery 572 

The Ladies' Cemetery Association 573 

The Churches 573 

Olin United Brethen Church 578 

German Lutheran St. John's Church 574 

The Advent Church 575 

The Christian Church 575 

The Methodist Church -. 575 

Societies 576 

A. F. & A. M 576 

I. O. O. F 577 

Olin Temperance League 577 

A. O. U. W 577 

Rebefoas 577 

Mystic Workers 577 

KnifThts of Pythias 577 

I'niform Rank, K. of P 578 

M. W. A 578 

O. E. S 578 

Pythian Sisters 579 

R. N. A 579 

Business Roster. 1909 579 

The Village of Morley 580 

The Postofflce 581 

The Methodist Church 581 

The School 581 

Morley Mutual Telephone Company 5.S2 

Societies 582 

M. W. A. 582 

R. N. A. 582 

Business Roster, 1909 5S2 

Official Roster, Rome Township 583 

SCOTCH GROVE TOWNSHIP. 

General Conditions 584 

The Promised Land Explored 584 

Survivors of the First Pioneers 584 

Other Pioneers 584 

The First Death 586 



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18 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Other Immigrants kc« 

The Mills ',','.'.[['/,'.'/.'.'.'.'.['.'.[[[[ 586 

Scotch Grove Water Supply I .,/,../...,/.,... /,../,[ !5.S8 

John E. Lovejoy !....!..!!!!!!! [588 

The Schools !....!!!!!.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.! Isiso 

Scotch Grove in the Civil War .......!!.!!.!!.!!!!...!!!!. !590 

An li^nlistment Incident ...!!!!!!!!.!!!!.. 591 

Names of Soldiers Who Enlisted from Scotch Grove ! . . ! . . . '. . . .,/, [591 

Names of Soldiers Burled in Scotch Grove Cemetery ] 592 

Members of Co. D, Killed or Wounded in Service !5.92 

The Soldier's Monument 594 

Scotch ( Jrove Village .,....'...'.,..,.....,. 595 

Early Village History .595 

The Elevator 595 

The Store .!!!!.! 595 

The Postofflce !595 

The Creamery , . .. . .596 

Business Roster, 1909 !!!!!!.. 596 

The Scotch Grove Nursery !..!... .596 

The Village of Johnscm ...!.! ^598 

The Johnson Postoffice 598 

The Johnson Creamery 598 

The "Limner letters" of 1874 ] .599 

The (;reat Bear Hunt of 1859 !(;04 

The Harvest Home Picnic Society (108 

An Early Celebration, July 4, 1867 (K)8 

Sorghum and Hops ^08 

Scotch Grove Church History (509 

The Presbyterian Church 609 

The Methodist Church 61 1 

The Christian Church 611 

Official Roster, Scotch Grove Township 612 

WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP. 

Location and General Conditions 616 

The I'eople 616 

Some Early Settlers 616 

Temple Hill 619 

Temple Hill Catholic Church 619 

Official Roster, Washington Township 619 

WAYNE TOWNSHIP. 

General Conditions (521 

The Township Organized 621 

The First Settler 622 

The Growth of the Township (i22 

The First Child Born 622 

The First School 622 

Early Settlers C22 

Edinburgh— The County Seat 623 

The First Postofflce 624 

The Village of Langworthy 624 

The Crescent Creamery 624 

An Early Cheese Factory 625 

The Langworthy Co-Operative Creamery Company 625 

Langworthy Postoffice 626 

Langworthy M. E. Church 626 

Business Roster, 1909 626 

The Woodmen 627 

The Village of Amber » 627 

A Serious Conflagration 627 

Business Roster, 1909 627 

The M. E. Church 627 

Woodmen Ixxlge 628 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY If) 

PACE 

Mystic Workers 628 

The German Reformed Church ,,.., 628 

The Co-operative Creamery Co 628 

The Amber Postofflce 629 

Wayne German Mutual Insurance Co 629 

St. John^s Evangelical Lutheran Church 630 

Zion German T^utheran Church 633 

Wajnie Presbyterian Church 634 

The rnited Presbyterian Church 634 

The Jones County Home 635 

Official Roster, Wayne Township 635 

WYOMING TOWNSHIP. 

Dr. M. H. Calkins— A Tribute 640 

Early Reminiscences of Wyoming 641 

The First Death '.646 

The First Preaching Service ]647 

The First Marriage 649 

The First Sod Plowed 649 

The First School House 650 

The First Store 650 

The Township Organized 650 

The First Township Officers 651 

The Beginning of Wyoming Village 652 

The Schools 655 

The Methodist Church 657 

The Presbyterian Church 658 

The I'nited Presbyterian Church 660 

The Baptist Church 661 

Some Organizations 661 

United Presbyterian Church 667 

The Methodist Church 670 

The Presbyterian Church 671 

The German Lutheran Church 673 

South Mineral M. E. Church 674 

A Curiosity 67i 

Steam Mill Corners 674 

Official Roster, Wyoming Township 675 

The Town of Wyoming Incorporated 677 

Its Growth 677 

The Mayor 677 

The Indebtedness 678 

The Oi)era House 678 

The Town Platted 678 

Some First Things in Wyoming 678 

The Postoffice 679 

The Public Schools 680 

Course of Study 684 

Graduates 684 

The Alumni Association 686 

The Depot 687 

History of Banks in.Wyoming 687 

First Memorial Day in Wyoming 688 

History of Dairy Interests 689 

Co-oi)erative Creamery Association 690 

Wyoming Cemetery Association 691 

The Soldiers* Monument 692 

Ben Paul Post, G. A. R 692 

Ben Paul Post, W. R. C 693 

Fire Department 694 

Wyoming Telephone Company 695 

Bear Creek Valley Telephone Company 696 

Destruction by Fires 696 

Water Works 697 

Wyoming Electric Lights 698 

Bay View Historical Club 699 



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20 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

PAGE 

Hawthorne Club 099 

The Wyoming Cornet Band 701 

Wyoming Civic League 702 

The Fiftieth Anniversary of Settlement 702 

Wyoming and the Press 708 

The Historic Oak 710 

A Reminiscence 713 

Roll of Co. K 714 

Pioneer Women 715 

Miss Julia McClure— A Tribute 718 

Some Wyoming Doings of 1874 718 

Hartson Buckle Attachment Co 719 

Potter Canning Company 720 

Fraternal Orders 720 

A. F. & A. M 720 

I. O. O. F 721 

Mystic Workers 721 

A. O. U. W 721 

0. i:. S 721 

R. N. A 722 

M. W. A. 722 

Highland Nobles 722 

C. C. C 723 

1. L. of H 723 

K. & L. of G. P 723 

Business Roster, 1909 723 

Official Roster, Wyoming 725 

The Town of Onslow 728 

Onslow in 1872 729 

The Onslow Visitor 729 

The Fire Record 730 

The Village Incorporated 731 

Business Roster, 1909 731 

The Postofflce 732 

The Onslow Cheese Factory 732 

The Onslow Savings Bank 733 

The Depot 733 

The Onslow School 734 

Onslow Presbyterian Church 736 

The Catholic Church 737 

The Methodist Church 737 

Onslow Mutual Telephone Company 738 

The Priscilla Club 738 

Fraternal Orders 7.^ 

I. O. O. F 739 

Rebeccas J5? 

M. W. A l^ 

R. N. A l^ 

Mystic Workers ]^ 

Am. Patriots l^ 

I. L. of H 740 

Good Templars |L^ 

Musical Organizations 7^ 

Official Roster, Onslow 74U 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



EARLY SETTLEMENT. 



The first white settler in Jones county was Hugh Bowen who settled in 
Richland township in the year 1836. As "all roads lead to Rome," so all roads 
to the spot where the first white man called home, will lead to a locality south 
and east of Bowen's Prairie. A short sketch of the life of this historic man 
would be appropriate in these pages, but the records are unkind, and will reveal 
but little of the career of Hugh Bowen. R. J. Cleaveland in his "Reminiscences 
of Rome/' given on another page of this volume, states something in regard to 
the character and personality of the man. 

Tradition also states that Jones county is entitled to the distinction of includ- 
ing the territory in which the Black Hawk war ended in 1833. The *' Annals of 
Iowa/' however, add no light on the subject. As handed down to the present 
generation, the story goes that the Black Hawk Indians were pursued by the 
American army, of which Lieutenant Jefferson Davis of the regular army, and 
Abraham Lincoln, an officer in the service of the Illinois militia, were m com- 
mand. The Indians were chased to the banks of the Maquoketa river, at a point 
on the southern border of Richland township, called Dale's Ford. Here the 
Indians took their stand. The river was high and the current swift. While oner 
half of the Indian warriors took their stand in defence, the other half crossed the 
raging torrent on improvised canoes, and these in turn, maintained a defence 
while the others crossed the stream. When all had crossed the river, they turned 
and fled through the brush and timber. The American army, not caring to 
plunge their horses into the swift, flowing and turbulent waters, and believing 
the Indians were too exhausted to continue their depredations, turned back; 
and the Indians were not heard from again. This military strategy on the part 
of the Indians, as g^ven by tradition is worthy of praise and of being written in 

23 



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24 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

story and in song. We are unable to find any authentic record of this traditional 
fact of history. 

Much has been written of the heroism of the pioneers of Jones county, and 
of the wealth of character, and richness of possessions that has descended to 
posterity. To all this glory, the pioneer who has blazed the way to the civiliza- 
tion, settlement and enrichment of Jones county, is fully entitled. The men and 
women of the early day, from the viewpoint of this age, were institutions of 
greatness. Through them the hidden resources of the county have been de- 
veloped, the character of the people moulded, and life and living made to shine 
with a bright reality. 

Jones county will compare with her sister counties very favorably. In the 
moral tone and industrial prosperity of its inhabitants, it will stand second to 
none in the state. Its prosperous homes and improved farms, speak of the fer- 
tility of its soil and proclaim the culture of its people ; its numerous schools and 
churches tell in glowing terms of the attention given to the development of mind, 
and the strength of manhood and Christian character. 

THE INFANT PIONEERS. 



The first white child to begin life in Jones county, was Miss Rebecca Merritt, 
who was born about two miles west of the present site of Olin, January 5, 
1839. This promising maiden thrived and prospered on the milk and honey 
which flowed in the promised land of her birth, and at the age of fifteen, she 
became the bride of Joseph Merritt, her cousin. This matrimonial event is 
shown by the records of this county to have taken place in March, 1853. Mrs. 
Rebecca Merritt is now living at Sturgis, South Dakota. 

The second child to begin life in Jones county, was a boy, James McLaughlin, 
a son of James and Mary McLaughlin. This historic youth was born on what 
is now known as the Lovell farm, in section 2 of Wayne township, on May 31, 

1839. Mr. McLaughlin is yet numbered among the inhabitants of earth, and 
resides at Russellville, Kentucky. 

Miss Mary Moore, the first child of William and Alvira Neal Moore, stands 
third in the baby roll of honor in the county. Her birth dates from April 10, 

1840. Richland township claims the honor of her birth. On January 15, 1861, 
she took unto herself a husband in the person of Thomas A. King. Mr. and Mrs. 
King reside in Jones county, and have the oversight of the welfare of the county's 
unfortunate poor in the county home. 

Child number four was Miss Lucretia Bowen, a niece of Hugh Bowen. She 
was born April 22, 1840. Her life was short, and when about two years of age, 
she was carried on angeKs wings to the mansions in the babyland of heaven. 

Infant number five in the pioneer roll, was John D. Sullivan, a son of John 
and Margaret Sullivan, who was born in Richland township, October 29, 1840. 
This baby boy grew to manhood in time to offer his services in behalf of his 
native country, and entering the army in 1864, became a member of Company C, 
Second Iowa Volunteer Infantry. Mr. Sullivan is now one of the highly respected 
residents of Cascade. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 25 

There is some information available to the effect that Martha Ann Dickson 
is entitled to have her name enrolled among the pioneer infants of Jones county 
as having begun her life work in Richland township in the year 1839 or early in 
the year 1840. We have been unable to substantiate this information. 

In the early history of Monticello, given elsewhere in this volume from the 
pen of M. M. Moulton, reference is made to the birth of twins in the family of 
Mr. Richard South in Richland township in 1839. This statement is not in har- 
mony with our investigations. F. M. South, now living in Dubuque, states that 
he was the boy end of the twin relation, and that his twin sister's name was 
Margaret, and that they were born January 3, 1842. The twin sister, Margaret, 
died when about two years of age. Benjamin South, a brother, now living at 
Oelwein, was of later birth. F. M. South enlisted in the Union army when quite 
young and served three years in the Civil war. 

SOME FIRST THINGS IN JONES COUNTY. 

The first pipe organ in the county was at the German Reformed church in 
Monticello, in 1890. 

The first cheese factory was the Ross Cheese Factory at Bowen's Prairie in 
1867. 

The first creamery was established by H. D. Sherman at Monticello in 1875. 
A creamery was also started by James L. Hall in Clay township about the same 
time. 

The first permanent settler was Hugh Bowen at Bowen's Prairie in 1836. 

The first political caucus in the county was held at the house of Oement 
Russell for the purpose of nominating territorial county officers. This was on 
July 24, 1839. 

The first sheriff was Hugh Bowen. 

The first court was at Edinburg, March 22, 1841. 

The first clerk of the court was William Hutton, 1841. 

The first recorder, Qark Joslin, 1841. 

The first treasurer, W. Cronkhite, 1866. 

The first auditor, Charles Kline, 1870. 

The first superintendent of schools, B. F. Shaw, i860. 

The first county attorney, F. O. Ellison, January, 1887. 

The first tile factory was by John Gibson, Monticello, April, 1879. 

First lodge, was I. O. O. F., No. 40, Anamosa, July 6, 1852. 

First bank, I. L. Simington, Monticello, 1867. 

First flag raised at Olin, July 4, 1840; made by Mrs. N. Seeley. 

First postoffice at Edinburg, January, 1840. 

First district school. Sugar Grove, 1840, taught by T. Stivers. 

First child bom was Mrs. Rebecca Merritt, daughter of Joseph Merritt, 
about two miles west of Olin, January 5, 1839. Now living at Sturgis, S. Dakota. 

First attorney was C. C. Rockwell, Newport, 1846. 

First physician. Dr. Clark Joslin, 1838. 

First license for grocery and tavern, Clement Russell, Fairview. 



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26 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

First license for selling goods to Reuben Bunce, Fairview, 1841. 

First saw and grist mill in 1838, by George Walworth. 

First newspaper, The Anamosa News, 1852. 

Oldest merchant continuously in business, Frank Hoffman, grocery, Martelle ; 
since 1872. 

Teacher with longest continuous service, Miss Grace Maple, Onslow, twenty 
years. 

First general election at house of Barrett Whittemore, September 11, 183& 
Eleven votes cast for delegate to legislative assembly. 

First delegate to territorial legislature, Barrett Whittemore, in 1838. 

First representative to territorial legislature, George H. Walworth, August, 
1839. 

First Catholic Mission, at Anamosa, 1857. 

First church organized, Scotch Grove Presbyterian, at Edinburg, 1841. 

Oldest blacksmith continuously in business at the same stand, John Cole, 
Onslow, since July 5, 1871. 

The first town to incorporate was Anamosa, 1856. 

The first marriage, T. J. Peak and Rebecca Beardsley, December, 1839. 

HISTORIC SETTLXG OF JONES COUNTY. 

Jones county is in the heart of what was popularly known as *'The Black 
Hawk Purchase." Following the Black Hawk war a treaty was made on the 
2ist of September, 1832, with the Sac and Fox Indians, by the terms of which 
there was ceded to the United States Government a strip of territory extending 
fifty miles westward from the Mississippi river. This territory was vacated by 
the Indians and thrown open to settlement, June ist, 1833. There was at that 
time no organized government, but by an act of congress approved June 28, 
1834, the area of the state of Iowa as it then existed for the purpose of tempor- 
ary government, was attached to and made a part of the territory of Michigan. 

The legislative council of Alichigan passed an act which was approved Sep- 
tember 6, 1834, laying off and organizing the counties west of the Mississippi 
river. This act, which took effect October i, 1834, had reference to the terri- 
tory of the Black Hawk Purchase, and it divided that territory into two coun- 
ties, Dubuque and Demoine. 

About that time Michigan was admitted into the Union as a state and by an 
act of congress approved April 20, 1836, the area of the present state of Iowa, 
and its two organized counties, was included in the jurisdiction of the new 
territory of Wisconsin. 

At the second annual session of the legislature of Wisconsin, which was 
held at Burlington, in the county of Des Moines, a law was passed November 
6, 1837, which provided for the sub-division of Dubuque county into new 
counties. The new counties were fourteen in number, and covered not only 
the territory of the Black Hawk Purchase, but they even reached further west and 
embraced Indian land that had not yet been ceded to the United States. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 27 

The fourteen counties created by this act in the order in which they were 
named in the title of the legislative act were, Dubuque, Clayton, Jackson, Benton, 
Linn, Jones, CHnton, Johnson, Scott, Delaware, Buchanan, Cedar, Fayette and 
Keokuk. Since its organization there has been no change in the boundary 
of Jones county. It remains today so far as its boimdary lines are concerned, 
the same as it was when organized by the act of November 6, 1837. 

This act gave Jones county its historic setting from a geographical stand- 
point. This is the Jones county about which the following pages are written. 

Jones county was named in honor of General George W. Jones, of Dubuque, 
who at the time Dubuque county was sub-divided, represented the territory of 
Wisconsin in Congress. 

Only a i)art of these counties were organized at that time. Jackson county 
was equipped with an organizing sheriff in the person of William A. Warren, of 
Bellevue. He was also in a limited sense, made the sheriff of Jones county and 
Linn county. For matters of court jurisdiction, Bellevue was, during 1838 and 
a part of 1839, the capital of Jones and Linn counties. An election precinct 
was designated in each of these and the report of votes sent to Bellevue. 

POLITICAL ORGANIZATION OF THE COUNTY. 

The Hrst territorial legislature, after the separation of Iowa from Wisconsin, 
met in Uurlington, November 12, 1838. During this session, the county of 
Jones was organized, or at least an act was passed with this end in view. 

The act passed by this legislature to organize the county was as follows : 

Section i. Be if enacted by the council and house of representatives of the 
territory of Iowa, That the county of Jones be, and the same is hereby, organ- 
ized from and after the first day of June next, and the inhabitants of the said 
county be entitled to all the rights and privileges to which, by law, the inhabi- 
tants of other organized counties of this territory are entitled; and the said 
county shall be a part of the third judicial district, and the district court shall 
be held at the seat of justice in said county, or such other place as may be pro- 
vided until the seat of justice is established. 

Section 2. That Simeon Gardner of Clinton coimty; Israel Mitchell of 
Linn county, and William H. Whitesides of Dubuque county, be, and they are 
hereby appointed commissioners to locate the seat of justice in said county, 
and shall meet at the house of Thomas Denson on the second Monday of 
March next, in said coimty, and shall proceed forthwith to examine and locate 
a suitable place for the seat of justice of said county, having particular reference 
to the convenience of the county and health fulness of the location. 

Section 3. The commissioners, or a majority of them, shall within ten 
days after their meeting at the aforesaid place, make out and certify to the 
governor of this territory, under their hands and seals, a certificate containing 
a particular description of the location selected for the aforesaid county seat; 



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28 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

and, on receipt of such certificate, the governor shall issue his proclamation 
affirming and declaring the said location to be the seat of justice of said county 
of Jones. 

Section 6. The commissioners aforesaid shall receive, upon making out their 
certificate of the location of the seat of justice of said county, each three dollars 
per day, and also three dollars for every twenty miles going to and returning 
from their respective homes. 

Section 7. Upon the presentation of the certificate aforesaid to the treas- 
urer of Jones county, the treasurer is hereby authorized and required to pay 
the respective sums allowed by this act out of any moneys in the treasury not 
otherwise appropriated. 

Approved January 24, 1839. 

It seems that these men failed to carry out the provisions of this act, and 
we find the county seat not to have been located until the following year, or 
1840. In the legislature of 1839-40, three other commissioners were appointed, 
as follows: Thomas M. Isett, of Muscatine county; John G. McDonald of Jackson 
county, and B. F. Moffitt of Delaware county. 

These commissioners performed the duties enjoined upon them by the terri- 
torial legislature, the following report of their action being now on file in the 
clerk's office at Anamosa: 

COUNTY SEAT COMMISSIONERS. 

Jones County, Iowa, April 22, 1840. 

We, the undersigned, being appointed commissioners to locate the county seat 
of Jones county by an act of the legislative assembly of the territory of Iowa, 
passed at their second session, met in pursuance of said act, and after being 
sworn according to law, we proceeded to discharge the duties of our office agree- 
able to law, and after viewing the situation of the county, we came to the con- 
clusion that the northeast quarter of section thirty-six, township 85 north, 
range 3 west of the fifth principal meridian, was the best location that could 
be made in Jones county, and we called it by the name of Edinburgh. 

Jno. G. McDonald. 
T. M. Isett, 
B. F. Moffitt, Commissioners. 

The record does not show what compensation B. F. Moffit received for this 
work. John G. McDonald received thirty-six dollars and T. M. Isett received 
fifty-one dollars. Colonel Thomas Cox of Bellevue was the surveyor. 

FIRST ELECTION OF COUNTY OFFICERS. 

The first election of county officers took place in the fall of 1839. Of the 
county commissioners elected on this occasion, only two appeared at the recorded 
meetings of the Board, Thomas Denson and Charles P. Hutton. From sources 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 29 

outside of the record, it has been determined that the third commissioner was 
H. G. Seeley. 

William Hutton was the first clerk of the commissioners* court. Hugh Bowen 
was the first sheriff of Jones county. Clark Joslin was the first recorder. 

There were three polling places at the election of 1839, and there were three 
election precincts — Bowen's Prairie, Walnut Fork and Farm Creek. The judges 
of the election of 1839 were Orville Cronkhite, Eli Brown, I. H. Simpson, Wil- 
liam Clark, James Hutton, and J. C. Raffety. The clerks were Thomas S. 
Denson, George H. Brown and D. G. Morgan. 

It will be remembered that an election had been held in September, 1838, or 
one year previous, for the purpose of electing representatives to the Iowa Legis- 
lature. This election was in the cabin of Barrett Whittemore. Only eleven votes 
were cast, and a representative, R. G. Roberts was elected from Cedar, Jones, 
Johnson and Linn counties. 

SOME EARLY COMMISSIONER'S RECORDS. 

The first recorded meeting of the commissioner's court was held February 3, 
1840. The first act of the commissioners was to appoint Hugh Bowen, assessor, 
in the place of Daniel Chaplin, who declined to serve. 

In the further proceedings, we find that George Meiford presented a petition 
for a county road. It was also ordered that the regular meetings of the board 
should be held thereafter at the house of Donald Sutherland until further 
ordered. 

It was at this meeting also that the county commissioners who had been 
appointed by act of the legislature to locate the county seat made their report 
which is set out above, locating the place and calling it Edinburgh. 

An act of congress provided that, as each new county was organized, the 
United States government would grant to the county commissioners a quarter 
section of land on which the county seat should be located. Accordingly, we 
find from the book of Original Entries, that on June 20, 1840, Thomas S. Denson 
and Charles P. Hutton, as commissioners of Jones county, claimed the quarter 
section above mentioned, being the northeast quarter of section 36, township 85 
north, range 3 west of the fifth principal meridian. This was within half a mile 
of the geographical center of Jones county and its central location was the argu- 
ment which secured for it the honor of being the first seat of county government. 
When the county seat was moved from Edinburg to Newport, no change was 
made in this grant of land, and the county commissioners retained this quarter 
section, and later upon this land the county poor farm was established. This 
same land has remained the property of the county and is now a part of the pres- 
ent county farm. 

The day after Edinburg was laid out. Colonel Thomas Cox, at the solicitation 
of J. D. Walworth, came to the present location of Anamosa, and laid out a 
town which was called Dartmouth. This plat was never recorded. The place 
did not grow or develop, and of course the efforts expended to plant a town, 
came to naught. 



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30 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

The first tax was made July 6, 1840, being five mills on the dollar of taxable 
property in Jones county, and a poll of fifty cents upon each voter. 

We find that on November 5, 1840, Clement Russell paid into the county 
treasury twenty-five dollars for the privilege of keeping a grocery. To those 
who have not been upon the border, it may be a question why grocerymen in a 
new country should be so heavily taxed. The initiated will understand that a 
frontier grocery was simply a saloon of the lowest character, where whisky was 
the only article on sale, and which could be obtained at a reasonable price, in 
any quantity from a glassful to a barrel. 

In April, 1841. we find six dollars appropriated to Donald Sutherland for 
rent of rooms in which the county commissioners had held meetings. 

Henry Hopkins was the first counsel and prosecuting attorney and for his 
services, he was allowed thirty- four dollars at the meeting of the board in March, 
1842. 

October 3, 1842, the territorial road from Dubuque to Marion, was approved 
on that portion of it which was included in Jones county. James Butler and 
P. Scott were the commissioners appointed by the legislature to view the same. 

The first licensed ferry of which there is a record, was granted Adam Over- 
acker, across the Wapsipinicon river at Newport. This license was for the con- 
sideration of two dollars, continued for one year from April 13, 1847. ^ ^^o- 
horse vehicle was charged twenty-five cents; one horse, twelve and one-half 
cents ; footman, .six and one-quarter cents. 

In order to fund the increasing floating indebtedness, and to maintain the 
county warrants as near par as possible, it was ordered, October 7, 1850, that 
the clerk of the commissioner's court, issue bonds of the county, bearing ten 
per cent interest, due in five years, the bonds to be for fifty dollars each, and 
not to exceed forty in number. These bonds were to be issued to any one who 
would present the treasurer's receipt for the amount. 

In 1851-52, various state roads were surveyed and platted, among which were 
highways from Anamosa to Bellevue; Anamosa to Gamavillo, Clayton county; 
Cascade, by way of Canton, to Maquoketa ; Cascade to Garry Owen ; Denson's 
Ferry to the house of Thomas McNally, in Washington township; Anamosa 
to the Davenport and Marion road ; Anamosa to Camanche ; Fairview to Tipton. 
Most of these roads are yet the principal roads of travel through the county. 

ELECTION PRECINCTS. 

At a meeting of the county commissioners, July 6, 1840, Jones county was 
divided into four precincts for electoral purposes, as follows : 

Walnut Precinct, comprising townships 83 and 84, in ranges i, 2, and 3 west 
of the fifth principal meridian. 

Buflfalo Fork Precinct, comprising townships 83 and 84, range 4 west. 

Bowen Prairie precinct, comprising congressional township 86, ranges 2, 3 
and 4. and township 85, ranges 3 and 4. 

Farm Creek precinct, comprising townships 85 and 86, range i, and town- 
ship 85, range 2. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



31 



The civil partition of Jones county in 1840, might, therefore, be represented 
as follows: 



BOWEN PRAIRIE 








FARM CREEK 


BUFFAFiO 
FORK 


WATiNUT 



Ranges IV, 
West 



III, 



II. 



r 



The judges of elections appointed at* the time of organizing the precincts 
were: |'|-i| 

For Bowen Prairie — ^William Dalton, William Clark, Charles Johnson. Elec- 
tion to be held at the house of Joseph E. Green. 

For Walnut — Moses Garrison, Isaac H. Simpson and O. Cronkhite. Election 
to be held at the house of Norman Seeley. 

For Buffalo Fork — ^John G. Joslin, Dement Russell and G. H. Ford. Election 
to be held at the house of Clement Russell. 

For Farm Creek — ^Jacob Peet, Hezekiah Winchell and John E. Lovejoy. 
Election to be held at the house of Abraham Hostetter. . 

Bowen Prairie Precinct was made Road District No. I, with Franklin Dalby, 
supervisor; Buffalo, No. 2, with Clark Joslin, supervisor; Walnut, No. 3, with 
John Merritt, supervisor ; Farm Creek, No. 4, with George Mefford, supervisor. 

ORGANIZATION OF TOWNSHIPS. 

At the meeting of the county commissioners* court, July 5, 1842, it was re- 
solved to organize the county into townships, which should have their regular 



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32 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

township officers and local government. The precincts were accordingly changed 
into townships, without altering their boundaries. 

Rome was organized as a township, July 5, 1842, with the same boundaries 
as Walnut precinct, given above, the first township election to be held at the 
residence of N. B. Seeley. 

Fairvtew was organized as a township, July 5, 1842, with the same boundaries 
as Buffalo Fork precinct, given above. 

Washington was organized as a township, July 5, 1842, with the same boun- 
daries as Farm Creek precinct, given above. 

Richland was organized as a township July 5, 1842, with the same boun- 
daries as Bowen Prairie precinct, given above. 

From this arrangement it will be seen that Rome, Fairview, Washington and 
Richland were the four original townships of the county, and out of these have 
been carved the townships as they exist today. 

Clay was organized as a township April 3, 1844, including what is now known 
as Wyoming, that part of the present township of Qay which is south of the 
Maquoketa river, all of Scotch Grove township, south of the river, and a strip 
about one mile m width upon the eastern border of Wayne township, extending 
north, through Monticello, until it touched the river. The first election was held 
at the house of John Sutherland. 

MoNTiCEi.Lo was organized as a township June 10, 1847, from Richland town- 
ship, and included all of that township south of the Maquoketa river, being most 
of the territory now occupied by Monticello, Wayne, Cass and Castle Grove. 

Greenfield was organized as a township with its present boundaries, being 
separated from Fairview, and corresponding to congressional township 83, range 4. 

The townships now know as Cass and Wayne were separated from Monti- 
cello and attached to Fairview April 21, 1848. 

Hale was organized as a township in July, 1851, and included the present 
townships of Hale and Oxford, which were on that date separated from Rome. 
The first township election was held at the house of Joseph Bumgamer. 

Jackson was organized as a township in July, 185 1, and included the present 
townships of Madison and Jackson, which were on that date separated from 
Rome. The first township election was held at the house of Charles Beam. 

Cass was separated from Fairview and organized as a township, with its 
present boundaries, March i, 1852. The first election was held at the house of 
W. J. Beaks. 

Wyoming was separated from Clay township February 8, 1854, and organized, 
with its present boundaries, under the name of Pierce township, which was a 
couple of years later, changed to Wyoming. The first election was at the house 
of William Stuart. 

Castle Grove was separated from Monticello and organized with its pres- 
ent boundaries, January i, 1855. The first election was held April 2, 1855, at 
the school house near Mr. Beardsley*s. John Scott, Horace Downer and Ezra 
C. Springer were judges of election, and Thomas S. Hubbard, and Albert Highby 
were the clerks of election. 

On January i, 1855, Monticello township was extended across the river to 
the northern boundary of the county, corresponding to its present boundary, 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 33 

ind included that part north of the river that had formerly belonged to Richland 
township. 

M-\DisoN township was organized, with its present boundaries, January i, 
1855. The first election was held April 2, 1855. 

Scotch Grove was separated from Qay and organized as a township, with 
its present boundaries, in February, 1855. The first election was held at the 
Scotch Grove schoolhouse, April 2, 1855. 

Oxford was separated from Hale township and organized with its present 
boundaries, in March, 1855. The first election was held at the house of John 
Bryan. 

Wayne was set off from Fairview township and organized with its present 
boundaries, March 5, 1856. The first election was held at the house of O. G. 
Scrivens, April 7, 1856. 

It will be observed that the last township was not formed until some sixteen 
years after the organization of the county, and that certain districts belonged, 
at different periods, to quite a number of different townships. Wayne township, 
for instance, had belonged to Richland, Monticello and Fairview previous to its 
organization as an independent township. Greenfield, Cass, Wyoming, Castle 
Grove, Madison, Scotch Grove, Oxford and Wayne suffered no changes in their 
boundaries after organization as independent townships. Rome, Fairview, Wash- 
ington, Richland, Qay, Monticello and Hale townships arrived at their present 
boundaries by a process of elimination or whittling off, until each had just what 
territory '^vas left and the adjoining townships had received all the territory they 
were to have. Each township now corresponds to the congressional numbering 
with the township north and range west, rendering the political geography of the 
county as simple as a chess board. 

Lovell township was organized as a separate township about January, 1898, 
with the same boundaries as Monticello township, the latter being included within 
Lovell township, the corporation of Monticello being declared a separate town- 
ship and called Monticello township. 



THE TOPOGRAPHY OF JONES COUNTY. 
By E. E. Reed. 



(The following interesting chapter on the general surface conditions existing 
in Jones county, written by Ervin E. Reed, of Monticello, will be a valuable ad- 
dition to the History of Jones County, and will be fully appreciated by all stu- 
dents of natural science. Mr. Reed has a natural and gifted aptitude for the 
study of the geological and soil formations of Mother Earth, and the study of 
the physical geography of a country is to him a pleasure and a delight. The 
phenomena existing in Jones county, which Mr. Reed very pointedly describes 
with reference to the origin and course of the streams and rivers, should be 



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34 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

noticed. To the mind untutored in the love and study of the natural sciences, 
this contribution will not have the interest it will have to the more educated 
mind, schooled in the study of Mother Earth and her composition. — Editor.) 

Jones county offers an interesting- study to the student of nature who would 
read the story of the creation in the formation of the rocks and soils, and in the 
conformation of the hills, valleys and prairies. To the unscientific man the 
county offers a prospect of beautiful, productive prairies, and graceful rounded 
and gently rolling timberlands. To the scientific mind, the topography of the 
county presents characteristics that are astonishing and suggest problems that 
are confounding and perplexing. To the artist, the landscapes of the county are 
the rivals in beauty of the creations of his liveliest imagination. To the prac- 
tical man of affairs, the soils of the county give abounding promise of assured 
harvests and ample reward for all the labor employed in agriculture, while the 
forests of hardwood trees furnish fuel and lumber in abundance. All parts of the 
county are capable of producing material wealth to reward the earnest toiler 
whose faith and intelligent labor merit reward. 

The area of Jones county is nearly equally divided between the prairie lands, 
and the wooded lands or "timber lands" as they are here locally called. The 
prairie land was found by the early settler to be destitute of trees, save a few 
scattered crab-apple or plum trees on the rolling "uplands," and willows in iso- 
lated groups in the marshy sloughs The rolling "uplands" were covered with 
a thick carpet of wild grass, but it supported no trees save the occasional wild 
fruit tree, and no bush save the scattered berry bushes, and no herbacious shrub 
save the red-rooted prairie tea, well known to the pioneer who broke the prairie 
sod. The prairie soil is rich and productive, and the ease with which it could be 
brought under cultivation and the rich returns it gives in harvests, invited the 
pioneer to make his home there. Thus we find that the first settlements were 
made on the "upland" rolling prairie. 

The sloughs or level ill-drained marshes were more obstinate and resisted the 
approach of the settler. Long grass and rushes covered the slough, which was 
reeking with water lying beneath the wealth of grassy growth. No animal found 
a home in the slough excepting the cray-fish and the muskrat. The former 
built circular chimneys of mud around the openings of their subterranean homes, 
and the latter built his dome-like mud houses in the sluggish waters. The 
muskrat has now disappeared and the cray-fish has been banished to a few wet 
road sides, but the rounded tussacks which mark the sites of former chimneys 
and mud dome-Hke houses are found in many pasture fields that have been re- 
claimed from the former sloughs. The sloughs have yielded to the dominion of 
man, and the tall grasses and rushes have disappeared. The waters have found 
their way to the streams, and now com fields and meadows are found where the 
pioneer found impassable morasses. 

The timber lands presented a harder problem to the settler. The labor and 
patience necessary to clear the soil of the trees, bushes and roots, rendered the 
task of making farms there an unprofitable one. When prairie lands could be 
purchased as cheaply as they could in the early history of the county, there was 
no inducement to the farmer to clear the timber soil of the growth of trees, or 
remove from the soil the great stumps and roots of the hardwood forests. But 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 37 

with the advance m the price of prairie lands, the timber lands have been in- 
vaded by the farmer, and are now fast yielding to the plow. 

Jones county is located in that part of the country which geologists assert 
was raised above the cosmic waters during the Silurian Epoch, and during the 
Niagara age of that eon of geologic time. The rocks exposed here are of lime- 
stone, the older ones being unseamed and unstratified rock masses, examples of 
which are found in the rocky promontories and bluffs bordering the principal 
streams. The newer formations are regularly stratified and evenly deposited, 
as are the rocks found in the quarries at Stone City and elsewhere in the 
county. The irregular rock masses of the older formation, called domolite, fur- 
nishes good stone for the burning of lime, and in various parts of the county a 
good grade of lime has been produced. At present the cost of fuel makes the 
burning of lime unprofitable and none is now produced within the county. The 
domolite is the kind of stone in which galena or lead ore is found, and the pros- 
pectors have repeatedly looked for this metal in the ledges of the bluffs within 
the county. Small quantities of lead have been found, but never has there been 
a lead mine here opened that has rewarded the prospector for his labor. The 
stratified rocks of the quarries furnish a high grade of building stone capable 
of being easily dressed into desirable shapes. 

By far the most important resource of the county is its soils, and they have 
been deposited at some far later period of time after the Silurian Epoch had 
passed. The rich blackish loam that furnishes a favorable seed-bed for the 
grains and grasses that have brought wealth to the county, is not the direct 
product of any cosmic action. No flood deposited this rich mantle on the underly- 
ing clays. No glacial ice carried it from the north. No volcano belched it forth 
from the earth's center. No winds scattered it over the hills and prairies. The 
loams and soils are the products of many agents acting upon the rocks and clays 
that form the subsoils. Industrious ants and burrowing animals, and the blind 
earth worms have carried upward to the surface the finer grains found among 
the underlying clays and subsoils. These little agents' work have been sup- 
plemented by action of the rains and frosts, and the active processes of animal 
and vegetable growth and decay. These agencies, acting through the thousands 
of years, which must have elapsed since the glacial ice, deposited its successive 
mantles of clay over this country, and have produced a soil or loam of exceed- 
ingly great fertility and productiveness. 

Beneath the blackish soils, there is found a nearly continuous sheet of yel- 
lowish clay varying in thickness from nothing on the rocky promontories, to 
ten or twenty feet. Beneath the yellow clay is found a similar layer of bluish 
clay. Between the layers of clay is found an incontinuous layer of blackish soil, 
in which are found embedded the trunks and branches of giant trees, represent- 
ing an interglacial forest. In many railroad cuttings, and road grading, and 
in many wells, there are found the remains of ancient trees which represent a 
forest growth of a degree of luxuriance unknown at the present time. 

The scientist explains the presence of the clay deposits by calling to his aid 
vast continental fields of glacial ice which inundated this country at repeated 
Intervals since the country was first raised above the waters. The first of these 
ice sheets appears to have rested on the surface of this part of the country heavily 



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88 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

enough to scrape off all soils and forest growths it may have found here, but it 
did not rest on the surface heavily enough to plane down the hills or carve the 
indurated rocks which pierce the soils. 

When the ice sheet melted, it dropped in a fairly uniform layer, a bluish clay 
in which we find large quantities of small rounded greenstone pebbles. When 
the first ice sheet that covered this part of the country, which scientists call the 
Kansan ice, receded, it left its deposit in the form of the blue clay described. 
This deposit scientists call the Kansan drift. 

Long eons of time must have elapsed after the Kansan ice receded before 
another continental ice sheet submerged the country. During the unnumbered 
years of the cycles following the deposit of the Kansan drift rank forests of 
giant conifers sprang up, and what is now Jones county presented in those far- 
oflf periods of time, the dark and impenetrable depths of an evergreen and 
cone-bearing forest. When this forest was at its height, a second ice sheet, 
known as the lowan ice, swept southward, leveling it to the ground, and breaking 
and crushing the giant trunks. The lowan ice drifted and floated over this part 
of the country in such a manner as not to disturb in any great degree the soB 
accumulations of the forest growing times, and there is now discovered beneath 
the yellowish clay of the lowan drift and above the blue clay of the Kansan 
drift, the remains of the inter-glacial soils, and the broken trunks and branches 
of pine and cedar trees embedded in the deposit and preserved throughout the 
ages that have elapsed since they saw the light of the sun. The lowan ice melted 
and deposited over the country a fine clayey silt, here almost universally found 
as the yellow subsoil underlying the blackish loams of the prairies. Flinty pebMes 
are found through the lowan drift ; and over the drift-covered prairie lands are 
found granite boulders, smoothed and rounded by the action of ice and water. 
In some localities, the lowan drift is very thin and imperceptible, as on the 
flat plains near Monticello and Martelle. There the blue clay of the Kansan drift 
approaches the surface and is the subsoil found beneath the loam. 

There is a cap-like deposit on all the hilltops and high rolling lands of the 
county diflfering in a material degree from drift deposits of the prairies. A 
yellowish clay of exceedingly fine texture is found on all the rounded tops of 
the hills scattered over the level prairie and on all the upland surfaces of the 
timber lands. This exceedingly finely pulverized silt deposit varies in thickness 
from a slight trace where its edges mingle with the clays of the prairie to two 
or even three score feet on the brows of the forest covered hills. This yellowish 
clayey deposit is found capping all the higher hills and promontories of the 
county, and wherever it exists over any considerable area, the hardwood timber 
trees are found growing indigenously. No boulders or flint pebbles are ever 
found in this deposit as they are in the drift clays. The same deposits are 
found in the rich and productive valleys of the Rhine and the Danube in Eu- 
rope, on the banks of the Amazon in South America, and along the fertile valley 
of the Hoang Ho in Asia. The deposits of this nature were first noticed along 
the productive hillsides of the German Rhine, and the German name of "Loess** 
has been applied to like deposits wherever found. 

The loess is usually found filling the valleys and low plains, but in eastern 
Iowa, the loess is placed only on the highest points of land, and there it is found 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 39 

forming a cap over the boulder-dotted clay of the lowan drift. The formation 
of the loess has been attributed to the action of the glacial waters, and this ex- 
planation has been accepted as stating the reason for its appearance in the great 
valleys of the rivers mentioned, but this explanation will not account for the clay 
caps that cover the hills of the upper Mississippi valley and those found within 
Jones county. This coimty, together with its neighbors, here presents a scientific 
riddle which has never been satisfactorily solved. 

The loams, which the patient activities of centuries have produced over the 
surface of the drift deposits, are rich in plant food and are arranged physically 
so as to offer peculiar advantages for easy cultivation. The farms of the county 
where wealth is being produced most rapidly and with the least labor, are located 
on the ancient drift plains. 

The loess soils are found covering the timber lands and occupy fully one- 
half of the county. Where the surface slopes are comparatively gentle, there are 
no better soils than those developed on the loess. It is a fine calcarious clay, 
free from sand on the one hand and pebbles and boulders on the other. It ab- 
sorbs and retains moisture well. The roots of plants easily penetrate it to a 
great depth. And, where the surface is relatively level, a fine, fertile, brownish, 
easily tilled soil develops. On the steeper slopes, the loess erodes easilv and 
v^etable loam is washed away as fast as it forms, and a hard, stiff, intractable 
soil results owing to the fresh loess being continually exposed on the surface 
which the mellowing agendes have not modified or changed into loam. Fortu- 
nately, the area where soils of the quality last described are small, and the greater 
portion of what is called timber land is capable of producing abundant returns 
to the farmer and stock raiser who intelligently uses the soil. With the rapid 
advance of land values, the timber lands have attracted the attention of the 
farmer and stockman, and now large areas that were formerly covered with 
timber have been brought under the plow, and are producing generous harvests, 
and are abundantly repaying the industry and patience that transformed them 
from a wilderness into valuable farm lands. 

To the student of nature, the conformation of the surface of Jones county 
presents many astonishing features, some of which have puzzled the scientific 
mind from the beginning of geologic study and are yet classed as unsolved 
problems. To one who is used to seeing the rivers rise as small mountain or hill 
streams, and rush down their rapid descent, into slow moving rivers in broad 
valleys, it is astonishing to find that all this is reversed here, and in this one 
part of all the world, there exists an anomalous drainage system, the like of 
which cannot be found in any other part of the world. In this region the rivers 
run in gigantic channels cut in the axis of the highest ridges of the country. 
The streams all have their origin in low-lying, ill-drained sloughs. The streams 
here appear to defy the laws of gravitation and flow from the low valleys directly 
towards the high lands, and find their beds in deep gorges cut lengthwise in the 
highest ranges of hills and highlands of the country. 

We here find that the secondary streams run in channels of constantly in- 
creasing depth as they near the principal streams, until, as they empty into the 
main streams, they run between high limestone bluffs and forest-crowned hills. 
Throughout the county, and in fact throughout their courses, the principal streams 



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40 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

run in narrow ribbons of flood plains embosomed between precipitous, weather- 
beaten cliffs or bluffs, and high, loess-covered and steeply rounded hills. The 
divides are the rational valleys and lie lower than the hilltops bordering the 
streams. 

The north fork of the Maquoketa River rises in the northern part of Dubuque 
county, within a few miles of the Mississippi River and within sight of the bluffs 
bordering that stream, and, flowing away from the main stream into which it must 
finally empty its waters, it runs down its rocky, water-worn gorge on the line 
between Dubuque and Delaware counties, and enters Jones county at Cascade, 
where it runs for a short distance through a comparatively level plain and falls 
over the perpendicular ledge of the underlying rock-bed and enters a rocky 
gorge again. The depth of the gorge increases below Cascade until the border- 
ing hills attain a height of over two hundred and fifty feet above the water, 
measured at a distance of a half va mile from the water's edge. Throughout its 
course in this county, and until it unites its waters with the south fork or main 
branch of the Maquoketa River, near the city in Jackson county which takes its 
name from these streams, the north fork buries itself deeper and deeper among the 
overhanging bluffs and forest-clad hills. Secondary valleys branch from the 
main gorge at frequent intervals. These are also bluff bordered for a distance 
varying from a few rods to a mile or more from the juncture with the river's 
channel. Down such a secondary channel the White Water Creek on the east 
side and other streams too small to receive even a local name, send their waters 
into the north fork. By far the greater number of the secondary gorges are 
dry excepting for short times after the periodical summer rains or during the 
time of the melting of the winter snows. The occasional streams of water that 
find their ways down these secondary gorges are often raging torrents, rolling 
detached rock masses towards the river, and often cutting deep channels at the 
bottom of the canyons in which they find their beds. 

By far the greater number of secondary gorges are steep sided and narrow 
ravines, V-shaped at the upper ends and widening out and becoming bluff bounded 
and flat bottomed or U-shaped at their lower ends. These gorges and canyons 
are deep and forest covered and the sunlight never enters many of them. The 
slopes are wooded with a dense growth of deciduous trees and densely covered 
with an undergrowth of ferns and bushes. 

The south fork of the Maquoketa is the second largest stream of the county 
and drains more of the surface than all other streams together. The Jordon and 
Farm creeks on the north take the waters of Richland and Washington townships 
from within a short distance of the north fork, and Deer Creek, Kitty Creek, 
Mineral Creek and Bear Creek encroach upon the rightful territory of the Buffalo 
and Wapsipinicon rivers. Bear Creek runs for a distance of twenty miles in a 
course parallel to the latter stream and within two to six miles of that stream, 
flowing for many miles on the Wopsipinicon side of te rounded loess-covered 
.ind forested hills of the divide which forms the highest land between the streams, 
then flowing through that divide on the south and east of Wyoming, it empties its 
waters into the Maquoketa which flows north of that natural divide. The south 
fork rises in flat sloughs of northwestern Delaware county one hundred and four 
miles from the point where it empties into the Mississippi. It enters this county 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 41 

at the northwest corner of Lovell township. Above Monticello the narrow gorge- 
like valley widens out into an alluvial plain. Here the river appears to desert the 
high hills and it flows for a few miles through one of the three small alluvial 
plains of the county. Below Monticello, as if frightened at the unusually flat 
landscape, the river again seeks the higher lands and flows throughout its course 
in this county through a canyon that repeats in its general characteristics that of 
the north fork. 

The Wapsipinicon or '*Wapsi" as it is here called is the largest river of the 
county, but although it flows across the county from the northwest comer of 
Cass township to the southeast corner of the county, and although it receives the 
waters of the Buffalo, which is the largest tributary entering any of the rivers of 
the county, it drains a very small portion of the area of the county. The waters 
of the Buffalo join the waters of the Wapsipinicon after they flow but a short 
distance in the county, and no other stream of such importance as to receive a 
local name drains into that stream on the north. Walnut Creek gathers the 
waters from the territory on the south. The sluggish waters lying on the level, 
low divide between the Wapsipinicon and the Cedar rivers form sloughs and 
ponds in their hesitancy in determining which way to flow, and finally avoiding the 
former stream but a few miles to the north, they flow towards the Cedar River. 
Thus we find that a part of Greenfield township, which lies but a short distance 
from the Wapsipinicon, flow directly away from that stream towards the Cedar 
many miles farther away. The deep gorge and hill bordered banks of the Wap- 
sipinicon and Buffalo have the same general characteristics as those of the 
Maquoketa. Above Stone City, the Wapsipinicon flows through its narrow, 
rocky gorge with a narrow ribbon of alluvial flood plain bordering each bank at 
the foot of the canyon walls. At Stone City, the rocky bluffs converge, and the 
river occupies nearly all its narrow ribbon of bottom land. Below Anamosa the 
flood plain expands and at Newport it attains the width of a mile. The canyon 
disappears and the river flows for a few miles through the second alluvial plain 
of the county. Below Olin, the canyon walls rise again and repeat on a lesser 
scale the rugged scenery of the upper course. Again in Oxford township, the 
flood expands to a mile or more in width, and Oxford Junction and Oxford Mills 
stand in the midst of the third alluvial plain found in this county. 

The low divides lying between the high hills bordering the streams are in 
many cases lower than the rounded and gently curved tops of those hills. The 
plain near Martelle, which divides the waters of the Wapsipinicon and Cedar 
rivers is lower than the hills along the banks of those streams, and the water, as 
it flows from this paradoxical divide into the rivers which cleave the axis of the 
highest ridge, flow in constantly deepening channels until they empty into those 
rivers between walls, approximating in character the gorges of those streams. 

Southwest of Monticello are found low-lying ridges which diversify the drift 
plain all the way to the banks of the Buffalo River. Midway between Monticello 
and Anamosa, the drift plain forming the divide, which is at once a basin and the 
watershed that divides the waters to the right and to the left, is bounded on the 
north and on the south by forest covered hills from twenty-five to more than one 
hundred feet higher than the plain which separates the water of the drainage 
systems. 



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42 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

This botton land divide is diversified by isolated, graceiuUy curved, elongated 
hills, like gigantic canoes lying inverted on the sea of prairie. True to its char- 
acter of paradoxies, this anomalous plain ceases to be the principal divide near 
Onslow, and the Maqnoketa sends a tributary, locally known as Bear Creek, down 
the general slope to within two miles of the Wapsipinicon, and robs that stream 
of much of its drainage territory, and reduces the principal divide to a line of 
hills near the bank of that stream. 

The divide between the two forks of the Maquoketa River is represented by 
the level region known as Bowen's Prairie, which lies on a lower plain than the 
hilltops along the banks of those streams. The country here presents anomalous 
formations of topography and deposits of soil found nowhere else in the worlds 
It is a land of "upside-down." The rivers all rise in the lowlands and flow 
towards the highlands, where they occupy gorges between high hills whose tops 
are higher than the sloughs from which they drain their waters. The loess, 
which is elsewhere deposited in the valleys, is here perched on the highest points 
of the hills, spreading out and down with lessening depth until it disappears en- 
tirely before it reaches the valleys. These paradoxies mark this land as one 
unique among the countries of the world, and perplexing to the student who is 
unable to explain the conditions here found. We leave these contradictions of 
nature unsolved as we found them, a problem that can be studied with profit by 
the student of nature. 

TORNADO HISTORY. 

On Sunday, June 3, i860, a most terrible tornado passed over Linn, a por- 
tion of Jones, Clinton and other counties of Iowa and Illinois, resulting in 
serious loss of life. It was the most disastrous windstorm in the history of the 
county. Greenfield and Rome townships were in the path of the whirlwind, in 
Jones county, where nine persons met their death. 

The following account of the casualties was given in The Anamosa Eureka : 

"W. Allen's family, living in the house of William RoWnson, were killed, 
and the house blown to atoms. The family consisted of Mr. and Mrs. Allen, 
one boy, seven years old, and two little girls, aged five and two years. John 
Niles of Cedar Rapids, had stopped at Allen's house a short time before the 
storm, and was also killed. Mr. Allen and Mr. Niles were alive when found, but 
died shortly after. The others were instantly killed and horribly mangled. Mr. 
Allen was found about five rods north from where the house stood. Mrs. Allen- 
lay twenty-five rods to the southwest ; one girl thirty-three rods southwest, and 
the other sixty-five rods to the southeast ; the boy was about forty rods distant 
fiom the house in the same direction. One of the sills of the house, sixteen feet 
long and eight by ten inches, was found about thirty rods west, buried thirteen 
feet deep in the soil of the prairie. 

"Here the storm was most destructive. The ground was literally plowed up, 
covered with rails, stakes, etc., standing upright, some of them buried half their 
length in the ground. The grass was cut shorter than it could have been with a 
scythe. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 43 

"Nine head of horses, thirteen head of cattle and twelve of hogs were found 
dead on one eighty-acre lot, and nearly as many more were taken from the same 
land badly injured. Dead dogs, rabbits, cats, domestic and prairie chickens were 
also found. 

"Charles Robinson's house was blown down, his property destroyed and his 
family injured to some extent. Andrew Pcttit suffered the loss of his house. 
The family were saved by taking refuge in the cellar. Schoolhouses in subdis- 
tricts No. 6 and No. 4, in Greenfield township, were demolished. William Kohl 
lost both house and bam, thou^ the family escaped with but slight injury. 

"G. W. Lattimer's house was blown down and his family seveuely injured 
Jacob Cole was left homeless, and mourns the severe injury of his two children. 
E. M. Nickerson's dwelling was carried entirely from the foundations, but without 
injury to its inhabitants. M. H. Nickerson's house was carried away. The fam- 
ily were, fortunately, absent. Isaac Staffy's home was destroyed, and the family 
somewhat injured. 

"In Rome township, Mr. Piper's house was swept from its foundations, and 
two of his children killed. Mr. Piper suffered a double fracture in his arm, and 
his wife experienced some severe bruises. His barn was unroofed and almost 
completely destroyed. A heavy lumber wagon near his barn was entirely demol- 
ished, and the iron work twisted and bent in almost every shape. 

"Elisha Miller lost his house, crops, etc. His son, twelve years of age, was 
killed, and his wife badly injured. Samuel Cook, a young man living with Mr. 
Miller was severely maimed. N. Bernard's house was entirely destroyed, and 
his family more or less afflicted by physical suffering. The houses of Mr. Scoles, 
William May and William Brockelhurst were almost completely demolished." 

THE TORNADO OF 1878. 

The next destructive wind storm given in the records was in the northern 
part of the county in the year 1878. Considerable damage was done, but the 
record does not show that any person was killed. The meteorological report of 
the Monticello weather bureau by M. M. Moulton gives the following account of 
this tornado : 

"The people of Monticello will have occasion to date back to Tuesday, Octo- 
ber 8. 1878, for the next two generations at the least. It was general election 
day for state, county and township officers, and just as the town clock in the 
schoolhouse tower indicated 5 -.30 in the afternoon, a destructive tornado struck 
the southwest portion of the town, and passing off in a northeasterly direction, 
totally destroyed ten dwelling houses, two churches, nine barns and stables, and 
one icehouse, and more or less damaging forty-two other buildings. 

"The day opened with the temperature fifty-five degrees at 7 a. m., nimbus 
clouds and a fresh breeze from the south, with a little sprinkling of rain at 10 a. m., 
and also again at noon. The temperature at noon was seventy-three degrees, and 
there were nimbus clouds and a gentle breeze from the east. The temperature re- 
mained at seventy-three degrees up to and including the time of the tornado. The 
wind came from the east until the arrival of a stronger current of air from the 
southwest, when the weather vane backed around, via the north, to the southwest. 



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44 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

For an hour previous to the arrival of the storm, a huge bank of nimbus clouds 
was seen piled up in the west and southwest, with occasional vivid flashes of light- 
ning, accompanied with loud peals of thunder; and when this ocean of nimbus 
clouds approached from the southwest, a light strip appeared at the horizon, and 
widened as the storm made headway in its course. The friction of the wind rolled 
up the under side of the black clouds, and they had very much the appearance 
of the waves of the ocean coming in from sea before a heavy gale of wind. 

"The first damage done was the total destruction of E. R. Murdock's dwelling 
house, three miles west and one mile south of Monticello, in Castle Grove 
township. Then following a line northeasterly, it destroyed the dwelling house 
of Mr. Brunthaver, in this township, and damaging the school building in dis- 
trict No. 3. Then passing through the south portion of town, crossing Kitty 
Creek at Skelly's Ford, it totally destroyed James Sloan's dwelling, in section 23, 
two miles east of town. Then, crossing the Maquoketa River, it destroyed the 
German church in Richland township, section 19, four miles northeast of town. 

"The storm was one-fourth of a mile in width, and lasted less than a minute 
in any one place, and traveled the whole course of eight or ten miles in a few 
moments. In the center of the track of the storm the ruins were mostly left in 
a northeasterly direction, but on either side of the center of the track, the debris 
was left at every point of the compass. A little hail and rain fell a few moments 
before and during the work of destruction. In all, it measured less than a quarter 
of an inch — not enough to wet through the plastering of the houses that lost the 
roofs. During the whole of the storm, there was a loud, roaring noise, like the 
roar of the approaching of a thousand trains of cars, or the noise of the ocean 
while being lashed by a furious storm." 

SEVERE WINDSTORM OF 1 898. 

On July 19, 1898, a severe windstorm visited Jones county, and especially the 
northern part. The storm came up in the early evening. Monticello, Scotch 
Grove, Center Junction, Cass, Castle Grove and Wayne suffered the most de- 
struction, though there was more or less damage in all parts of the county. No 
person was injured so far as learned. Barns were blown down, crops injured 
and trees leveled. The windmills were blown down quite generally. One firm 
in Monticello alone as a result of the storm, erected over one hundred and fifty 
windmills. 

This was the last destructive windstorm to visit Jones county. 

EARTHQUAKE HISTORY. 

Seismic disturbances are usually credited to mountainous regions, and future 
generations might not believe that the sensations peculiar to such disturbances 
have been experienced in Jones county. 

The first earthquake disturbances experienced in the county of which any 
remark has been made, occurred about twenty years ago. It occasioned more than 
passing notice, though no injury resulted other than the shock to nervous people. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 45 

The next earthquake experience occurred on May 26, 1909. In describing 
this we cannot do better than quote from two reports, one taken from The Mon- 
iicello Express ond the other from The Wyoming Journal, each published the day 
following the seismic disturbances. 

The Monticello Express: "Monticello experienced a distinct earthquake shock, 
yesterday morning, the 26th inst., at 8:40 o'clock, which lasted several seconds. 
The direction of the disturbance was north and south. It was not generally ob- 
served by those on the street, but people in the second stories of buildings noticed 
the disturbance. At both the schoolhouses it was observed. In the second story 
of the Lovell block it shook the windows and produced the feeling produced by a 
strong wind blowing against a frame house. The typesetting machine in The Ex- 
press office gave its operators the sensation of strong movements. At the racket 
store some articles were shaken from the shelves, and from different parts of town 
came experiences that settled the character of the disturbances. During the day 
came the news that the earthquake was general throughout the upper Mississippi 
valley. No particular damage was done, aside from broken dishes, but in some 
places, particularly Dubuque and some Illinois points the movements were so 
strong that the occupants of factories and tall buildings rushed out into the streets 
in alarm. We had the same kind of an experience in Monticello a little more 
than twenty years ago, when the earthquake was credited with the cracking of 
cement lining of the city reservoir. Some amusing incidents were connected with 
the seismic movement. Dr. Hefner, who had just adjusted his furnace, supposed 
it had blown up and rushed into the cellar to find it behaving beautifully. George 
Guyan asked his partner to drive out the dog he thought was shaking the table. 
Over in Richland Lester Winner was eating his breakfast, and the table shook 
so violently he asked his wife to drive the cow away for he was sure she had got- 
ten into the yard again, and was rubbing herself against the house." 

The Wyoming Journal : "An earthquake shock caused many of our people to 
sit up and take notice yesterday morning about 8:30. The seismic disturbance 
was of short duration, and did no serious damage to property, but the vibrations 
of buildings were startling in the extreme. The writer was in his office in the 
second story of the Williams block and the thought at the rumble and vibration 
of the walls was that a heavily loaded truck was being run over the floor of the 
store below, causing the effect noticed, but the fact that it was a new one in 
energy and never before experienced raised a question. Enquiry disclosed the 
fact that others had realized that the earth under them had been a little unsteady 
at the same time. Dr. E. N. Stoffel was standing in his office leaning against his 
office safe talking to a friend when the shock came. The safe rocked sufficiently 
to cause alarm and he got away from it. Glass cases rattled and things looked 
like a moving picture show for a time of a few seconds. In the Kettlesen store 
the crockery rattled and there was considerable vibration. At the lumber office 
of L. W. Butler, Mr. Butler was sitting talking to a traveling man and both were 
alarmed at the shaking the building received. 

"Will R. Eldred, who was confined to his bed in the home of his mother on 
the hill by reason of an accident the previous day, says his bed shook so he 
thought there was some one under it giving him a scare and peeked under the bed 
for the trouble. 



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46 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

"The quake was also felt at Onslow and north in the country as far as the 
home of James Hamilton in Clay township reports of the quake come in." 

SOME EARLY FLOOD HISTORY. 

Jones county has been more fortunate than some of her sister counties in the 
amount of damage done by storms and floods. The county can also feel just 
cause for congratulation that the elements and powers have not demonstrated 
their full destructiveness in our midst. This is especially so when history has been 
obliged to record such disastrous inflictions of the elements, not only in the mere 
loss of property, but in the loss of human life in other parts of the country, though 
far removed in point of miles from our favored and prosperous county. We 
have had some floods and storms, however, and in order to preserve the record, 
we give herewith the history as we find it written. 

The first flood was June 7, 1851. After raining several hours, the water rose 
in the Maquoketa, overflowed its banks, and the low, flat lands on both sides of 
the river were inundated. Joseph Clark, at this time, was living in a log house 
on the bank of Kitty Creek, just north of lot No. 41 of the original plat of Mon- 
ticello, and southeast of the house later occupied by August Grassmeyer, on the 
road to Dubuque. The water came into Mr. Clark's house and put the fire out in 
the fireplace, and floated the partly consumed wood around the room, and the 
family had to seek other quarters for safety. At this date the Western Stage 
Company were running a daily line of stage coaches from Dubuque to Iowa City, 
and all passengers and the mails had to be transferred across the water in a row 
boat. The town lot where W. H. Proctor's brick and stone store stands was all 
covered with several feet of water, and the flood at one time reached Main street 
in front of the Monticello House. The water that fell in the rain gauge at this 
storm measured three and seventy-five hundredths inches. 

The second flood occurred August i, 1858. The water at this time was fully 
as high as that of the flood before mentioned. The west end of the then wooden 
bridge over the Maquoketa river gave way and dropped on the bank, and the 
planks of all three of the spans were floated down stream on their way to the 
Mississippi. The mail and passengers had to be transferred as heretofore, and 
were taken in at the foot of Main street, near Mr. Doxsee's residence, and landed 
at the foot of the sand-hill in East Monticello. Frequently, the through mail 
bags and paper sacks were enough to fill one boat load. There were six families 
living at East Monticello at this date, viz: Dewey, McDonald, Moulton, N. P. 
Starks. Houser and Eldredge, and they had to depend upon the ferry-boat for 
their mail and groceries for several days. A number of the emigrant teams were 
water-bound, and had to board with the families for a few days on the east side. 
Total amount of water- fall, four and fifty hundredths. 

The third was June 28 and 29, 1865. At this storm, three and eighty hun- 
dreths inches of water fell in the two days, and the water in the river came into 
the third story of the East Monticello flouring mills. The wooden bridge on the 
military road was only saved by anchoring it to the large cottonwood trees 
above on the banks of the stream with ropes and chains. The planks of the 
second bridge did not escape the flood, but were swept down-stream by the water. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 47 

The water was high enough to have run into the public cistern on Main street if 
the reservoir had been built there at that date. Monticello celebrated the 4th of 
July this year, and the committee had selected the bottom land on Kitty Creek, 
near the river, for the speaker's stand ; but it was changed on account of the water 
to the vacant lots on the north side of town, where Mrs. Langworthy later 
lived. The orator of the day, Hon. O. P. Shiras of Dubuque, was obliged, on ac- 
count of the washout in the railroad, to come and return with a livery team. 
The approaches to the railway bridge north of town were washed away and dam- 
aged so that trains could not pass over the bridge for several days. 

The fourth flood was July 4 and 5, 1876. There has perhaps been no rain 
storm during the entire history of the county which has been the subject of re- 
mark more than the 4th of July rain of 1876. In fact all storms even in the 
modem day are compared with the "Centennial rain.'' The rain commenced to 
fall on July 4th about 9 o'clock p. m., and the rain continued to fall for seven 
hours, although a large share of the three and one-half inches of water-fall was 
landed in about three hours. The water only came up to the junction of First 
and East Locust streets, near Petersen's residence, but it came with such violence 
as to wash away the approaches to the railroad bridge over Kitty Creek, just 
above the falls, and taking out the wagon and foot bridge between the two falls, 
root and branch, flooding all the stock yards, drowning several head of hogs be- 
longing to Mayor Wales and William Peterson. Both iron bridges over tfie Ma- 
quoketa stood their ground, although they were surrounded by an ocean of water, 
and were not reached for several days. The wooden bridge at the foot of First 
street, over the creek near Skelley's, was securely anchored to the heavy stone 
abutments, and stood the test admirably, although it was several feet under water 
for hours. The water had been as high in the creek and river a number of times, 
but not as destructive to roads and bridges as at this overflow. All four of these 
rainstorms were accompanied by the most terrific thunder and lightning, and 
more or less wind, and everything trembled before the onward march of the 
storm. 

The fifth flood was July 9, 1879. The rain began to fall a few minutes before 
midnight, previous to the morning of the 9th. A huge bank of clouds, accom- 
panied with thunder and lightning, was piled up in the northwest, and the wind 
blowing a gentle breeze from the southwest for hours previous to the commence- 
ment of the rain ; in fact, the whole of the previous day had shown unmistakable 
signs of the coming storm; and when the wind fiercely veered around to the 
northwest, the storm had fairly commenced — one huge storm cloud passing over, 
only to be closely followed by another, fully charged with electricity and sat- 
urated with rain ; and when it ceased raining at 10 a. m., fully five and sixty hun- 
dredths inches had been caught in the rain gauge, making one and ten hun- 
dredths inches more than had ever before been measured at one storm during 
the history up to that time. The water in the Maquoketa River and in Kitty Creek 
overflowed the banks, and reached the highest watermark about noon of the 
same day. The water covered the lower creek bridge, both slaughter houses and 
stock yards, and stood in the street opposite Mr. Peterson's stable. The water 
in the river came nearly up to Mr. Grassmeyer's lot at the foot of Main street. 



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48 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

and was a little higher than in the flood of 1876, but the water in the creek fell 
short of the mark for the same storm. But little damage was done to the roads 
and bridges in the township. The railroads were only slightly damaged, and 
were all in running order the following day. No damage was done in town, be- 
yond the filling of several cellars with water, and washing away the stock yards' 
fences. 

A hailstorm took place in 1863. The flood of hail on the afternoon of July 
30th will be long remembered by those who experienced its destructiveness. For 
a week previous, the weather had been extremely warm and sultry, and the whole 
day had shown unmistakable indications of rain. About 4 o'clock p. m., a shower 
of rain fell with a heavy wind from the west, and was followed in a few min- 
utes by a battering shower of hail. After destroying all the glass on the west 
side of the buildings, the wind veered around to the east, destroying also all the 
glass on the north and east sides of most of the buildings. The marks of the 
falling hail on the fences, buildings and trees were plainly visible for several 
years afterward. When the storm passed over town, it was about two miles 
wide, and extended from East Monticello to Stony Creek, near the south line of 
the township, and all crops and shrubbery embraced within the limits of the storm 
were battered oflP close to the ground. Upward of five hundred lights of glass 
were smashed, and most of the families had to wait until the dealer, Mr. Hickok 
sent to t)ubuque for a new stock of glass. One resident lost one hundred lights 
of glass from his dwelling house, and there was not an inch square of dry floor 
in the building. The family had to seek shelter and safety for the time being in 
the cellar. 

A thunder storm occurred August 28, 1879. ^^ was the most terrific storm 
of the kind experienced in Monticello during the decade previous. It commenced 
a few minutes before midnight, and lasted for five hours, and during the whole 
of this time there was an incessant roar of the heaviest thunder, one peal fol- 
lowing another in such rapid succession that there was one continual crash of 
thunder, and the lightning was one continual flash of electric light. The whole 
town was illuminated brighter than the noonday sun. At the close of the storm, 
three inches of rain was measured in the rain-gauge. With one exception, this is 
the greatest rainfall known in years. No very serious damage was done, neither 
by the electricity, nor the water, in Monticello. A large shade tree in front of 
H. H. Monroe's residence on North Cedar street was struck by the lightning; 
also Frank Whittemore's dwelling near by, and several telegraph poles in the south 
part of town, and a dozen in the north part of town. The telegraph office, in the 
Union Depot, was more or less damaged. Mr. Dickerson's house, two miles east 
of town, was struck and slightly damaged. The steeple of the Springer Memor- 
ial church, Mr. Dirk's barn and C. E. Marvin's creamery were struck and slightly 
damaged. Mr. Curtis Stone lost a stack of hay east of town. T. H. Bowen lost 
a large bam and contents at Sand Springs, and a cow belonging to Mr. Law- 
rence, of Wayne township, four miles south of Monticello, was killed. The water 
burst Mr. Suhr's cistern in his new block on First street, and flooded his cellar.- 
The water washed out the newly packed in dirt from the water-works* trenches, 
filled up all the cisterns and not a few wells in town. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 49 

The history of the storms after this period is more or less fragmentary. Upon 
the removal of the meteorological station from Monticello, no record has been 
kept other than is recorded in memory and preserved in the newspapers. There 
have been a number of severe rain and also hail storms during the past thirty 
years, seme of them doing considerable damage, destroying crops, washing out 
bridges and flooding the lowlands. The writer remembers a storm which oc- 
curred in the nig^t in July, 1903. Small bridges suffered severely, and many of 
the larger bridges required immediate repair before they were safe for travel. 
But in the record of high water, the mark set in the certennial rain of July 4, 
1876, has never been reached in Jones county. 

There is a general tendency among observers of weather conditions to mag- 
nify the last storm as being the worst in their experience, to declare the cold spell 
to be the most severe in their history, or to insist that the dry spell is the longest 
known by the oldest inhabitant. This is a general weakness and for this reasoiii 
it is difficult, in the absence of some accurate record, to state which have been 
the worst storms in a given period. The winter of 1908-9 has been declared by 
the oldest inhabitants to have been the most mild winter in their experience and 
that the spring of 1909, was the latest and coldest. The spring of 1907 beyond 
question was the coldest and most backward in recent years. In the history of 
Rome township is cited the instance of an ox team being driven on the ice on the 
Wapsie with scmie logs on April 10, 1842. These diversities exist and will con- 
tinue during the frailty of nature. 

STATE AND FEDERAL OFFICERS FROM JONES COUNTY. 

Jones county has been well represented in the state legislature from the days 
of the first constitutional convention in 1844 down to the present time. We have 
had several men of considerably more than the average ability of legislators, and 
all have been worthy of the honor. 

Jones county has been honored several times with a state office, and once with 
a national office. William H. Holmes of Jones county was state treasurer from 
January i, 1863, to January i, 1867. John Russell was state auditor from 
January i, 1871 to January i, 1875. John Russell was speaker of the house of 
representatives during the twelfth general assembly which convened January 13, 
1868. Henry D. Sherman of Monticello, the pioneer dair3rman of Jones county, 
was one of the first state dairy commissioners, 1886-1890. Benjamin F. Shaw of 
Anamosa, was one of the first state fish inspectors, 1874-1882. S. S. Farwell of 
Monticello enjoys the distinction of being the only Jones county man sent to 
Washington, D. C, as a United States representative, 1881-1883, forty-seventh 
congress. 

Jones county has had and still has plenty of good timber out of which state 
and federal officers are made. When the time comes, Jones county will be pre- 
pared with as many men and as good men as the occasion may require. 

JONES COUNTY IN THE LEGISLATURE. 

On October 7, 1844, the first constitutional convention convened at Iowa City,* 
the representative from Jones county being John Taylor. The constitution 



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50 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

UIW'llC'.'K 

adopted by this convention was rejected by the people at an election held August 
4, 1845, by a vote of seven thousand, two hundred and thirty-five for, to seven 
thousand, six hundred and fifty-six against. 

The second constitutional convention convened at Iowa City, May 4, 1846, 
Jones county being represented by Sylvester G. Matson. The constitution adopted 
by the convention was adopted by the people at an election held on the 3d day of 
August, 1846, by a vote of nine thousand, four hundred and ninety-two for, to 
nine thousand and thirty-six against. This constitution was presented to con- 
gress in December, 1846, and on the 28th day of the same month Iowa was ad- 
mitted as a state of the Union. 

The third constitutional convention met at Iowa City, January 19, 1857, Al- 
bert H. Marvin representing Jackson and Jones counties. The constitution 
adopted by the convention was sanctioned by the people at the election held Au- 
gust 3, 1857, by a vote of forty thousand, three hundred and eleven in favor,to 
thirty-eight thousand, six hundred and eighty-one against, and by proclamation 
of the governor took effect September 3, 1857. 

In The Territorial Council. 1838-40, Cedar, Jones, Linn and Johnson coun- 
ties sent Charles Whittlesey; 1840-42 Jones and Linn counties were repre- 
sented by George Greene; 1842-44, Jones and Linn counties sent John P. Cook; 
1844-46, Jones and Linn counties were represented by William Abbe. 

State Senators. 1846-50, Jones and Jackson counties were represented by 
Philip P. Bradley; 1850-54, Jones and Jackson counties sent Nathan G. Sales; 
1854-58, Jones county sent William H. Holmes ; 1858-62, Jones and Jackson coun- 
ties sent Joseph Mann; 1862-64, Jones county sent W. H. Holmes ; 1864-66, Jones 
county sent Ezekiel Cutler; 1866-70, Jones county sent S. S. Farwell; 1870-72, 
Jones county sent John McKean; 1872-78, Jones county sent George W. Lovell; 
1878-80, Henry C. Carr of Cedar county represented Jones and Cedar counties 
in the senate, the two counties being then combined in a senatorial district ; 1880- 
84, Jones and Cedar counties, John Russell ; 1884-88, John C. Chambers ; 1888-92, 
E. B. Bills; 1892-96, J. A. Green, Stone City; 1896-1900, F. O. Ellison, Anamosa; 
1900-04: John T. Moffit, Tipton; 1904-09, Robert C. Stirton, Monticello; 1909-, 
H. R. Chapman, Durant. The thirty-first general assembly, chapter 36 (1906) 
provided that senators in the general assembly to succeed those whose terms were 
about to expire should be elected in even-nimibered years instead of odd-numbered 
years. 

State Representatives. 1838-39, Robert G. Roberts, from Cedar, Jones. 
Johnson and Linn counties ; 1839-40, George H. Walworth, from Jones and Linn 
counties; 1840-41, Harman Van Antwerp and George H. Walworth, from Jones 
and Linn counties ; 1841-42, Thomas Denson and Samuel P. Higginson from 
Linn and Jones counties ; 1842-43, George H. Walworth and John C. Berry, from 
Jones and Linn counties; 1843-44, George H. Walworth and Robert Smythe, 
from Jones and Linn counties ; 1844-46, Joseph K. Snyder and John Taylor, 
from Jones, Linn and Cedar counties ; 1846-48, Sylvester G. Matson and George F. 
Green, from Jones and Jackson counties; 1848-50, D. A. Mahoney and N. G. 
Sales, from Jones and Jackson counties; 1850-52, R. B. Wykoff and John E. 
Goodenow, from Jones and Jackson counties; 1852-54, John Taylor, from Jones 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 51 

county; 1854-56, W. H. Holmes, from Jones county: 1856-58, W. H. Holmes, 
fr(»n Jones county, and William Thomas, from Jackson and Jones counties ; 1858- 
60, H. Steward, from Jones county, and W. S. Johnson, from Jones and Jackson 
counties; 1860-62, John Taylor, from Jones county; 1862-64, Otis Whittemore 
and John Russell; 1864-66, John Russell and J. H. Fuller; 1866-70, John McKean 
and John Russell; 1870-72, John Russell and 1874-76, P. J. Bonewitz and John 
Tasker; 1874-76, John W. Moore and G. O. Bishop; 1876-78, William T. 
Shaw and George W. Lathrop; 1878-82, Silas M. Yoran; 1882-86, M. H. 
Calkins, Wyoming; 1886-88, Geo. W. Lathrop, Oxford Junction; 1888-92, 
Gerard Eilers, Monticello ; 1892-94, Nathan Potter, Olin ; 1894-96, F. O. Ellison, 
Anamosa; 1896-98, A. M. Loomis, Wyoming; 1898-1900, W. D. Sheean, Ana- 
mosa; 1900-04, F. J. Sokol, Onslow; 1904-07, R. M. Peet, Anamosa; 1907-09, 
Qifford B. Paul, Anamosa; 1909 — , Wm. M. Byerly, Jackson township. 

COUNTY OFFICERS. 

The roster herewith presented is as near complete as the records give it. 
These are the officials whom Jones county has been delighted to honor during its 
seventy years of organized existence. With but very few exceptions the men 
who have been selected to hold official position have been men of ability and in- 
tegrity. Not only have they been competent to perform the duties which the 
office imposed, they have also been men who were well worthy of the trust and 
who have almost to a man, retired from the office with even more of the con- 
fidence and respect of their fellowmen, than when they were elected. Future 
generations can look back on the political and official history with pride and 
satisfaction. 

"In the beginning" of the county government, the official matters were under 
the control and supervision of a board of three men called County Commis- 
sioners, viz: — 

1839— Thomas S. Den§on, Charles P. Hutton and . 



1840 — H. G. Seely, Thomas S. Denson and Charles P. Hutton. 
1841— Charies P. Hutton, H. G. Seely and Thomas S. Denson. 
1842 — George H. Brown, Charles P. Hutton and H. G. Seely. 
1843 — William Dalton, Charles P. Hutton, Ambrose Parsons. 
1844 — ^William Dalton, Adam Kramer and Ambrose Parsons. 
1845 — George G. Banghart, Adam Kramer and William Dalton. 
1846 — ^Adam Kramer, George G. Banghart and M. H. Hutton. 
1847 — Washington Lamb, George G. Banghart and M. H. Hutton. 
1848 — M. H. Hutton, Washington Lamb and Charles L. D. Crockwell. 
1849 — ^Washington Lamb, Thomas McNally and C. L. D. Crockwell. 
1850— Thomas Green, C. L. D. Crockwell and Thomas McNally. 

In the year 1851, the board of county commissioners was superseded by the 
county judge, an office created at that time by the state legislature. The man- 
agement of the county affairs passed into the hands of the county judge who sub- 
stantially, performed all the duties previously imposed on the board of county 
commissioners. 



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52 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

County Judges— 1851-55, Josq)h Mann; 1855-57, G. C Mudgett; 1857-59, 
J. J. Ruber; 1859-61, William H. Holmes. 

In January, 1861, the office of county judge was so modified as to have juris- 
diction only of probate and kindred business. The conduct and management of 
county affairs passed into the hands of a board of county supervisors, composed 
of one supervisor elected from each township in the county. Four regular meet- 
ings were held annually. 

Supervisors — 1861, John Russell, W. H. Hickman, Thomas J. Peak, M. C 
Thompson, M. H. Nickisson, Philo Norton, D. N. Monroe, Daniel Leery, H. T 
Cunningham, William Leech, Thomas Green, John Decious, Benjamin Freeman, 
A. A. Reilly, William Hogg, Lawrence Schoonover. 

1862— S. Hopkins, William H. Hickman, D. Graham, T. O. Bishop, D. N. 
Monroe, L. D. Brainard, Benjamin Freeman, A. A. Reilly, William Leech, 
Thomas McNally, H. T. Cunningham, M. C. Thompson, P. G. Bonewitz, M. C. 
Walters, John McLees, Philo Norton. 

1863 — P. G. Bonewitz, Philo Norton, Samuel H. Clark, M. C. Walters, 
J. Tallman, Joseph Apt, S. Hopkins, David Graham, Franklin Dalby. B. K. 
Bronson, A. S. Hale, John Waite, Thomas McNally, John McLees, S. P. South- 
wick, T. O. Bishop. 

1864— S. H. Clark, F. M. Hicks, P. G. Bonewitz, Franklin Dalby, John Tall- 
man, Joseph Apt, E. B. Alderman, B. K. Bronson, Philo Norton, A. S. Hale, 
T. O. Bishop, S. P. Southwick, James McDaniel, Leman Palmer, Thomas Mc- 
Nally, John Waite. 

1865— S. P. Southwick, A. S. Hale, Leman Palmer, L. C. Niles, E. B. Alder- 
man, John Waite, W. H. Walworth, Franklin Dalby, John Thompson, S. H. 
Qark, P. G. Bonewitz, D. L. Blakeslee, Thomas McNally, Joseph Apt, James 
McDaniel, T. O. Bishop. 

1866 — F. Dawson, Michael Kenney, Leman Pabner, A. H. Marvin, W. T. 
Fordham, P. G. Bonewitz, A. S. Hale, H. P. Southwick, J. W. Jenkins, E. B. 
Alderman, T. O. Bishop, S. M. Johnson L. C. Niles, John Waite, J. Thompson, 
S. H. Clark. 

1867— J. W. Jenkins, T. O. Bishop, E. B. Alderman, S. M. Johnson, A. H. 
Marvin, P. G. Bonewitz, H. Steward, W. T. Fordham, A. J. Dalby, A. G. Pang- 
bum, G. W. Lathrop, M. C. Thompson, William M. Starr, J. Sutherland, Francis 
Dawson, Michael Kenny. 

1868— M. C. Thompson, William M. Starr, E. E. Brown, Joseph Cool, T. O. 
Bishop, A. J. Dalby, Anson Hayden, A. G. Pangbum, A. A. Reilly, Francis Daw- 
son, H. Steward, John Sutherland, Michael Kenny, R. G. Bonewitz, W. T. 
Fordham, S. M. Yoran. 

1869 — Hiram Steward, J. A. Crawford, John Wilson, E. E. Brown, H. C 
Metcalf, T. O. Bishop, P. V. Farley, A. Hayden. A. G. Pangbum, S. M. Yoran, 
A. A. Reilly, B. Connell, John Sutherland, Michael Kenny, P. G. Bonewitz, John 
Tasker. 

1870 — George W. Lovell, J. A. Crawford, John Tasker, A. G. Pangbum, 
David Grafft, J. S. Lathrop, Ezekiel Oliphant, Hiram Steward, M. C. Walters, 
Peter V. Farley, D. Gardner, A. A. Reilly, John Sutherland, T. O. Bishop, Thomas 
McNally, H. C. Metcalf. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 53 

In 1870, the supervisor system was changed so as to place the business in the 
hands of three men, who should be chosen for a term of three years, from the 
county at large, one new member being elected each year, after the manner of 
the former county commissioners. 

1871 — ^Hiram Steward, John Tasker, S. M. Yoran. 

1872 — ^A. G. Pangbum, S. M. Yoran, Hiram Steward. 

1873 — S. M. Yoran, John Waite and Hiram Steward. 

By vote of the electors of the county in October, 1872, the number of super- 
visors increased to five members. There has been no change in the ntunber of 
members down to the year 1909. 

1874 — ^J. A. Crawford, Hiram Steward, G. G. Banghart, John Sutherland, 
W. J. Brainard. 

1875 — G. G. Banghart, W. J. Brainard, J. A. Crawford, Joseph Cool, Hiram 
Steward. 

1876— M. C. Thompson, F. Griswold, W. J. Bramard, S. H. Clark, G. G. 
Banghart. 

1877— S. H. Qark, M. C. Walters, M. C. Thompson, H. C. Freeman, 
F. Griswold. 

1878— F. Griswold, H. C. Freeman, M. C. Thompson, S. H. Clark, M. C. 
Walters. 

1879 — M. C. Walters, S. H. Clark, H. C. Freeman, L. Schoonover, John 
Bates. 

1880 — S. H. Qark, H. C. Freeman, John Bates, J. H. Smith, L. Schoonover. 

1881 — ^H. C. Freeman, L. Schoonover, John Bates, J. H. Smith, W. M. Starr. 

1882 — H. C. Freeman, John Bates, J. H. Smith, John Pfeifer, A. L. Fairbanks. 

1883 — ^John Bates, John Pfeifer, A. L. Fairbanks, J. A. Bronson, 
P. Washington. 

1884 — ^A. L. Fairbanks, John Bates, John Pfeifer, P. Washington, J. A. 
Bronson. 

1885 — ^J. A. Bronson, A. L. Fairbanks, John Pfeifer, Pat Washington, D. E. 
Pond. 

1886— A. L. Fairbanks, John Pfeifer, D. E. Pond, E. E. Brown, Robert In- 
giis. 

1887— Jdm Pfeifer, A. L. Fairbanks, E. E. Brown, Robert Inglis, D. E. 
Pond. 

1888— F. S. Dumont, Robert Qark, S. Hickman, M. McLaughlin, W. H. 
Glick. 

1889— G. H. George, W. H. Glick, Robert Qaric, S. Hickman, F. S. Dumont. 

1890— W. H. Glick, G. H. George, S. Hickman, F. S. Dumont, Robert Qark. 

1891— G. H. George, E. G. Peet, A. Hans, W. H. Glick, Robert Qark. 

1892— G. H. George, E. G. Peet, E. A. Osborne, A. Hand, W. H. Glick. 

1893— Matt Noyes, E. A. Osborne, W. H. Glick, F. J. Sokol, E. G. Peet. 

1894— W. H. Glick, F. J. Sokol, Matt Noyes, E. A. Osborne, E. G. Peet 

1895— F. J. Sokol, T. H. Dunn, E. G. Peet, Matt Noyes, W. H. Glick. 
1896— W. H. Glick, T. H. Dunn, E. G. Peet, F. J. Sokol, Wm. Sutherland. 

1897— T. H. Dunn, E. G. Peet, W. H. Glick, Wm. Sutherland, F. J. Sokol. 

1898— T. H. Dunn, E. G. Peet, Wm. Sutherland, F. J. Sokol,' J. R. Clay. 



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54 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

1899— F. J. Sokol, Wm. Sutherland, D. A. Clay, T. H. Dunn, E. G. Peet. 

1900— T. H. Dunn, Wm. Sutherland, F. J. Brainard, D. A. Day, Robert 
Scroggie. 

1901— Wm. Sutherland, R. A. Scroggie, D. A- Qay, T. H. Dunn, F. J. Brain- 
ard. 

1902— R. A. Scroggie, Wm. Sutherland, T. H. Dunn, F. J. Brainard, D. A. 
Clay. 

1903— R. M. Peet, Wm. Sutherland, T. H. Dunn, R. A. Scroggie, D. A. Qay. 

1904 — ^A. Matthieson, Wm. Sutherland, R. M. Peet, R. A. Scroggie, D. A. 
Clay. 

1905— A. McDonald, D. A. Clay, R. A. Scroggie, A. Matthieson, R. M. Peet 

1906 — D. A. Qay, A. McDonald, A. Matthieson, R. A. Scroggie, R. M. Peet 

1907— Matt Noyes, John Hale, T. J. Finn, Wm. M. Byerly, John Thomscn. 

1908 — ^John Hale, Wm. Byerly, T. J. Finn, Matt Noyes, John Thomsen. 

1909 — ^John Thomsen, John Hale, Matt Noyes, T. J. Finn, C. J. Murfield. 

Clerks of Commissioners' Court. 1841-44, William Hutton ; 1844-47, Bar- 
rett Whittemore ; 1847-51, C. C. Rockwell. 

Clerks of District Court. 1841-48, William Hutton; September, 1848-50. 
John D. Walworth; September, 1850-52, J. A. Secrist; September, 1852 to April 
1856, W. W. Wilson; April 1856, to September 1856, David Kinert; September 
1856 to January 1861, E. T. Mullet; January 1861 to January 1867, G. P. Deitz; 
January 1867-75, J. C. Deitz; January 1875-81, B. H. White; January 1881-87, 
J. H. Chapman; January 1887-93, R- M. Bush; January 1893-95, W. D. Sheean; 
January 1895 ^o December 1896, J. B. McQueen ; December 1896 to January 1903, 
J. A. Hartman; January 1903 to January 1909, J. H. Ramsey; January 1909 — , 
H. G. A. Harper, the present incumbent. 

Sheriffs of Jones County. 1839-44, Hugh Bowen; September 1844-46, M. 
Q. Simpson ; September 1846-50, G. B. Laughlin ; April 1852 to September 1853, 
F. M. Hicks; September 1853-57, Samuel Lawrence; September 1857 to Janu- 
ary i860, N. S. Noble; January 1860-62, H. H. Metcalf ; January 1862-68, David 
Kinert; January 1868-74, O. B. Crane; January 1874-76, A. J. Byerly; January 
1876-82, P. O. Babcock; January 1882-88, T. M. Wilds; January 1888-94, W. A. 
Hogan ; January 1894-98, P. O. Babcock ; January 1898-1904, Hiram Arnold ; Jan- 
uary', 1904 — , W. A. Hogan, the present incumbent. 

Recorders. 1841-42, Clark Joslin; September 1842-47, Edmond Booth; 
September 1847-49, William Sterling; September 1849-51, Ira B. Ryan; Septem- 
ber 1851-53, Samuel T. Buxton; September 1853-57, Jonas J. Huber; September 
^857 to January i860, F. L. McKean; January 1860-65, John D. Walworth; 
January 1865-69, J. S. Perfect; January 1869-75, Richard Daniels; January 
1875-81, R. L. Duer; January 1881-86, H. Van Dusen; January 1886-93, Jas. 
Robertson; January 1893-95, S. H. Brainard; January 1895-1901, Miles Cock; 
January 1901-07, C. W. B. Derr ; January 1907-09, H. G. Halsey ; January 1909 — , 
Earl Boyer, the present incumbent. 

Treasurers. Prior to 1865, the recorder performed the duties of treasurer. 
January 1866-68, W. Cronkhite; January 1868-74, L. Schoonover; January 1874- 
76, J. H. Dickey; January 1876-82, Thomas E. Patterson; January 1882-88, 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 55 

S. L. Easterly ; January 1888-93, F- M. Rhodes; January 1893-1900, J. W. Waitc; 
January 190007, J. F. Petcina ; January 1907 — , W. K. Pearson, the present in- 
cumbent. 

Auditors, A portion of the auditor's present duties were performed by the 
county judge from 1861 to 1870. The first auditor was elected October, 1869; 
January 1870-74, Charles Kline; January 1874-82, Robert Dott; January 1882- 
88, S. Needham ; January 1888-90, Ossian Fakes ; January 1890-95, W. A. Mil- 
ler; January 1895 to July 1897, H. S. Richardson; July 1897 to January 1903, 
W. S. Barker ; January, 1903-09, W. J. Mills ; January 1909—, Louis Gardner, the 
present incumbent. 

County Superintendents, This office was established in 1859. January 1860- 
62, B. F. Shaw ; January 1862-64, H. D. Sherman ; January 1864-66, D. 
Harper ; January 1866-68, L. Carpenter ; January 1868-70, J. R. Stillman ; Janu- 
ary 1870-72, Alexander Hughes; January 1872-74, E. B.- Champlin; January 
1874-76, G. O. Johnson; January 1876-82, O. E. Aldrich; January 1882-83, J. B. 
L. Caldwell; January 1883-86, Luther Foster; January 1886-90, Geo. E. Wood; 
January 1888-94, E. R. Moore; January 1894-1900, T. J. Cowan; January 1900- 
07, Qifford B. Paul; January 1907 — , Miss Catherine Maurice, the present 
incumbent. 

County Attorneys, The office of county attorney was established in 1886. 
Prior to this time, the duties of the office were performed by the district attorney 
of the eighth judicial district. F. O. Ellison, at present judge in the eighteenth 
judicial district, and Jones county resident judge, was elected to the newly cre- 
ated office of county attorney in the fall of 1886. January 1887-92, F. O. Ellison ; 
January 1892-95, E. H. Hicks; January 1895-1900, M. W. Herrick; January 
1900-02, E. E. Reed; January 1902-04, C. J. Cash; January IQ04-06, A. G. Ban- 
der; January 1906 — , C. J. Cash, the present incumbent. 

Coroners. No record exists prior to 1851. September 1851-53, G. H. Ford; 
September 1853-54, Alexander Rooney; September 1854-55, William Haddock; 
September 1855-57, Alexander Delong; September 1857-59, M. H. Byerly; Sep- 
tember 1859 to January 1864, E. Dalby ; January 1864-76, V. C. Williston ; Jan- 
uary 1876-78, George W. Birdsall; January 1878-80, V. C. Williston; January 
1880-82, W. W. Calkins; January 1882-86, Z. G. Isbell; January 1886-88, J. M. 
Paul; January 1888-91, Z. G. Isbell; January 1891-94, W. A. Scott; January 
1894-1904, T. B. Kent; January 1904 — , B. H. Chamberlain, the present 
incumbent. 

County Surveyors, L. A. Simpson, was probably the first to hold this office. 
From his time until 1851, there is no reliable record. September 1851-53, Moses 
A. Dark; September 1853-55, E. K. Johnson; September 1855-57, Lewis W. 
Steward; September 1857 to January i860, George Welsh; January 1860-62, 
John Leery; January 1862-64, Henry D. Smith; January 1864-66, F. Merriman; 
January 1866-72, D. L. Blakeslee; January 1872-74, R. O. Peters; January 
1874-76, T. J. Townsend; January 1876-80, O. Burlingame; January 1880-81, 
C. F. McGrew ; January 1881-82, T. J. Townsend; January 1882-86, R. O. Peters; 
January 1886-97, H. M. Jeffries; January 1897-99, R. O. Peters; January 
1899 — , J. F. Whalen, the present incumbent. 



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56 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

COUNTY ORGANIZATION, 1909. 

Supervisors' Organusation. 

John Thomsen, chairman. 

Committees : 

Finance — ^Matt Noyes, C. J. Murfield. 

Poor farm — ^John Hale, John Thomsen. 

Roads and bridges — ^T. J. Finn, John Hale. 

Equalization — T. J. Finn, John Hale. 

Claims— T. J. Finn, C. J. Murfield. 

Poor outside poor farm — Matt Noyes, C. J. Murfield. 

Salaries — ^T. J. Finn. 

Public buildings — Matt Noyes. 

School fund — Matt Noyes. 

Bonds — ^John Thomsen. 

District road and bridge committees: 

John Hale — Cass, Fairview and Castle Grove. 

Matt Noyes — ^Lovell, Scotch Grove and Wayne. 

T. J. Finn — Richland, Washington and Gay. 

C. J. Murfield — Greenfield, Rome and Jackson. 

John Thomsen — Madison, Wyoming, Hale and Oxford. 

County Officers. 

Auditor — Louis Gardner; deputy. Miss Reva M. Crow. 

Qerk district court — H. G. A. Harper ; deputy, L. A. Miller. 

Sheriff— W. A. Hogan ; deputy, Earl Miller. 

Recorder — Earl Boyer; deputy. Miss Anna Hanson. 

Treasurer — ^W. K. Pearson; deputy, I. H. Brasted. 

County attorney — C. J. Cash. 

Superintendent of schools — Miss Catherine Maurice. 

County coroner — ^Dr. B. H. Chamberlain. 

County surveyor — ^J. F. Whalen. 

Steward county home — ^T. A. King. 

Janitor courthouse — F. M. Bagley. 

Bailiffs— H. E. M. Niles, F. M. Bagley. 

Grand jury — John F. W. Allen, Wyoming; J. W. Byerly, Jackson; A. C. Bur- 
roughs, Greenfield; M. M. Franks, Madison; E. O. Green, Qay; Charles CJard- 
ner. Hale ; Thomas Lister, Fairview ; John H. Lubben, Castle Grove ; John Mc- 
Donald, Washington; J. H. Rickels, Lovell; Wm. Sutherland, Scotch Grove; 
George A. Wasoba, Oxford. 

Judges and Reporters, District Court, 1909. 

Hon. F. O. Ellison, judge, Anamosa ; reporter, C. M. Brown. 
Hon. W. N. Treichler, Tipton; reporter, H. H. Burr. 
Hon. Milo P. Smith, Marion ; reporter, C. W. Sutliff . 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 59 

OFFICIAL NEWSPAPERS. 

The Mondcello Express, The Anamosa Eureka, The Anamosa Journal. 
COUNTY EXPENSES. 

Every taxpayer of Jcmes county has more than a passing interest in the 
amount of money necessary to pay the running expenses of the county govern- 
ment. From the tables given below it will be seen that the amoimt of financial 
oil needed to keep the wheels of government running smoothly, has increased 
more rapidly than the increase of population. The money has been used judi- 
ciously and a good account has been given of the outlay. When the increased 
valuation of property in the county is considered, the increased expenses are met 
without a greatly increased levy. 

Tables have been prepared showing the items of expense for the years 1865, 
1878, 1895 and 1908, and also showing the total expenses for each year since 
1880 down to the present time. 

COUNTY EXPENSES FOR THE YEAR 1865. 

Supervisors' salaries $ 996.62 

Keeping prisoners and jail expenses 423.25 

Township officers and assessors 1329.96 

Paupers and poorhouse 2669.35 

Sheriff, bailiffs and expenses 833.23 

Sheriff's fees state cases 129.70 

Election expenses 255.00 

Fuel, lights, supplies, incidentals, books and stationery 866.91 

County printing 726.70 

Insane hospital expense 997-77 

Juror's fees i375-8o 

Witnesses, grand jury 166.10 

Attorney fees and expenses, railroad bonds 732.89 

Bounties — wolves, wildcats, etc 248.00 

Clerk's salary 600.00 

Treasurer's salary, per cent, on tax collected 1050.00 

Deputy treasurer's salary 800.00 

Deputy clerk's salary 800.00 

County superintendent 16.90 

District attorney fees 46.19 

Total 15004.37 

COUNTY EXPENSES FOR 1878. 

Supervisors' salaries .$ 777-59 

Salaries of officers 4400.00 



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60 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Witnesses 2138.70 

Deaf, dumb and insane 4^545 

Jurors 3490.00 

Attorneys and reporters II93-50 

Sheriff, bailiffs and janitor 1286.33 

Jail expenses 96140 

Justices and constables 1607.00 

Insane hospital 1515.56 

Poor outside poor farm 2658.15 

Bridges 14473-44 

Fuel, lights, repairs 691.28 

Assessors, township clerks and trustees 1759-90 

Postage and express I34-05 

Books and stationery 797 -AP 

Printing 1779-53 

County superintendent 958.07 

Election expenses 456.20 

Bounty on scalps wild animals 242.00 

Township tax collectors 1140.59 

Poor farm ^557-96 

Benton county, Johnson calf case 208.00 

Copying mortgage index 175-00 

Clerk's fees, criminal cases 52.25 

Settlement title, Coleman lots 40.00 

Miscellaneous 4.10 

Total $4590345 

COUNTY EXPENSES FOR THE YEAR 1895. 

Supervisors' salaries $ 1049.99 

County officers 6841.75 

County superintendent 1245.61 

Jurors 2567.25 

Witnesses 1700.36 

Sheriff, bailiffs and janitor , 2179.17 

Jail expenses 414.45 

Attorneys and reporters 589*96 

Fuel, light, insurance and repairs 412.48 

Postage and express 240.00 

Books and stationery 836.12 

Printing 2503.64 

Justices and constables 769.79 

Assessors, township clerks and trustees 4111.66 

Election expenses 380.80 

County officers supplies 325.61 

Bounty on wild animals 121.00 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 61 

Poor outside poor farm 6278.24 

Poor farm 319578 

Deaf, dtmib, feeble minded and insane 5572.68 

Bridge 86784S 

School books 192341 

Soldiers' relief 1136.00 

County road 984.65 

Orphans' home 479-20 

Miscellaneous 334-93 

Total $54872.98 

COUNTY EXPENSES FOR THE YEAR I908. 

Supervisors' salaries $ 1885.55 

County officers' salaries 9124.35 

Superintendent of schools 659.02 

District court jurors 5348.30 

Justice court jurors i4-50 

District court witnesses 1336.90 

Justice court witnesses 66.00 

Sheriff, bailiflFs, janitor 3427.32 

Jail expenses 545-53 

Attorneys and reporters 1829.82 

Fuel, light, repairs and insurance 1873.12 

Postage and express 274.18 

Poor outside poor farm 5574.09 

Poor farm 363343 

Books and stationery 61849 

Printing 2422.24 

Justices and constables 548.04 

Asessors, township clerks and trustees 2003.66 

Election expenses 2635.51 

Domestic animals 283.25 

County office supplies 1254.90 

Bounty, wild animals 654.30 

Deaf, dumb, feeble minded and insane 9224.02 

Orphans' home 324.00 

Soldiers' relief 2075.00 

School books 789.16 

Bridges 22987.30 

Road 6314.41 

Inquest 13^00 

Quarantine and board of health 754-59 

Drainage expenses and miscellaneous 15380 

Total $88791.78 



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62 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

COUNTY EXPENSES SINCE 1880. 

1880 $3999473 

1881 $33291 35 

1882 $49847.39 

1883 $45735.58 

1884 $5783729 

1885 $51748.87 

1886 $41984.39 

1887 $53132.12 

1888 $39412.89 

1889 $45690.89* 

1890 '. $46255 48 

1891 $48520.59 

1892 $57083.42 

1893 $60223.66 

1894 $60653.64 

1895 $54872.98 

1896 $55252.33 

1897 $62278.57 

1898 $57439.28 

1899 $66230.31 

1900 $66115.21 

1901 (Bridge expenses $i 1050) $62019.33 

1902 (Bridge expenses $ii533) $67663.55 

1903 (Bridge expenses $26157) $85209.79 

1904 (Bridge expenses $23188) $88180.11 

1905 (Bridge expenses $16704) $76266.80 

1906 (Bridge expenses $25260) $86835 95 

1907 (Bridge expenses $29936) $98232 60 

1908 (Bridge expenses $22987) $88791.78 

JONES COUNTY ASSESSMENTS. 

JONES COUNTY ASSESSMENT FOR 1864. 

The following table, though incomplete, was taken from the assessors' books 
as found in the auditor's office. Some of the township books were missing. No. 
books of an early period could be found in years in which real estate was assessed. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



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64 



HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



JONES COUNTY ASSESSMENT FOR 1879. 

(The valuations lierewith given, were raised five per cent by the state execu- 
tive board.) 



Towns and 
Townships 



AcrcB 



Value 
Land 



Value of 
Town 
Lots 



Personal 
Prop. 



Total 



Cass 22.908 

Castle GroTe 22,7.^1.5 

Clay 22,280 

Palrview 21.701 

Greenfield 22,645 

Hale 22.850 

Jackson 22,228 

Madison 22,106 

MontlceUo 22,022 

Oxford 22.253 

Richland 22.911 

Rome 22,172 

Scotch Grove 22.443 

Washington 22,866 

Wayne 22,575 

WyominfiT 22,200 

Anamosa 

Monticello 

Olln 

St Berry Hill 

Wyoming?, town 

Totals 358,915 



$ 196.073 


$ 


$ 57,745 


$ 253,818 


204.825 


495 


58,864 


264.184 


181.939 


3,619 


40,828 


216.386 


205,132 


4,504 


64.229 


273,865 


206.484 


5,165 


106,796 


318,445 


193,742 




70,778 


264.520 


183,207 




30.869 


214.076 


206,709 


19,655 


79.396 


305,760 


215,217 


514 


52,976 


268,707 


189,269 


14,330 


88,254 


291,853 


171,425 


4,665 


38,662 


214.749 


200,925 




58,873 


259,798 


198,765 


1,036 


51,331 


251,132 


166.508 




36.421 


202,929 


206,312 


5.205 


71.282 


282.799 


191,498 


9.060 


62.615 


263,173 




170.225 


98,036 


268,261 




158,466 


146,614 


305,080 




28,887 


20,890 
2,604 


49 777 




15.110 


17 714 




66.600 


71.254 


137.854 


$3,10«.027 


$507.5.36 


$1,309,317 


$4,924,880 



COMPARATIVE TABLE OF PROPERTY VALUATIONS. 



Towns and Townships 

Cass 

Castle Grove 

Clay 

Palrview 

Greenfield 

Hale 

Jackson 

Madison 

Monticello 

Oxford 

Richland 

Rome 

Scotch Grove 

Washington 

Wayne 

Wyoming 

Anamosa 

Monticello, Town .... 

Wyoming, Town 

Olln 

Oxford Jet 

Onslow 

Center Jet 

ToUl 



1861 



1871 



1879 



1895 



1909 



$129,344 


$299,267 


$253,818 


$303,695 


$310,050 


137,775 


278,274 


204,184 


363,787 


831,493 


149,124 


229,759 


216,386 


224,704 


195,312 


165.489 
152.207 


220.660 


273.865 


305,742 


289.994 


311.152 


318.445 


414,215 


415,805 


135.109 


263,165 


264,520 


306,187 


318,812 


142,399 


247,1.16 


214,076 


282,514 


299.125 


131,275 


267,301 


305.760 


.343.132 


342.424 


187,951 


2.50,330 


268,707 


306,926 


829,457 


137.389 


280.848 


291,853 


303.427 


356.327 


151.078 


259.325 


214,749 


255..354 


281,561 


144.561 


290,598 


259,798 


317,047 


346.009 


156,672 


285,893 


251.1,32 


31.3.520 


329,456 


121,220 


224.882 


202,929 


223,634 


212.167 


128,709 


308.521 


282,799 


4.30.114 


427,320 


176,525 


236,731 


263.173 


288.050 


296.626 




296,969 


268.261 


348 264 


365,579 




217,416 


305,080 


358.336 


405.579 




147.435 


1.37.854 


137.0S8 


129.840 






49,777 


88,903 


134. .145 

HH. • 
42,788 






• •••••• 













75,768 


$2,323,827 


$4,935,662 


$4,924,880 


$6,069,252 


$6,389,199 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



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2,368 
3,736 
2,557 
2,440 
5,152 
3,203 
2,866 
2,701 
4,517 
3,173 
3,132 
3,001 
3,155 
4,117 
3,184 
2,760 

60 

165 

5 

3 

83 

124 

29 

* ' ' 42 



I 

> 



12,843 
17.776 
11.336 
13,049 
2G,t>76 
16,532 
16.484 
15,820 
23.702 
18.926 
15.192 
1G.856 
17.132 
1.S.152 
19,620 
15,502 

344 
804 
48 
28 
256 
496 
152 

260 



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J9 



500 



1 25 



328 
300 
153 
283 
730 
548 
222 
76 
208 
115 
115 
395 

■ 589 

39 

429 



27 



T4S 
308 

X02 



92 



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76,600 

120,868 
37.300 

106.432 
78,128 
44,212 
52,652 

148,620 
79.892 
62,392 

116.880 

6.848 

81,160 

43,200 

218,072 
51.746 

282,064 

206,496 

17,588 

830,640 

184,021 

104,730 

71,200 

28.000 

209.090 



$ 1,000 
300 


1 


1 800 


"2,622 






11,000 






'i/obo 






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9,572 


* ' ' 100 




121,204 
15,448 
14,388 

125.796 
42,250 
33,780 
43,048 


10,000 

500 

9,060 

16,540 


1,000 
'8,600 


47,448 







\ 226 

100 

2,196 

10,606 

4,912 

* *8,488 

5,480 
4.036 
7,668 

452 
2,724 
2,960 

944 
8,806 
3,732 

9,668 

160 

864 

20,204 

5.068 

1,486 

11,744 

* '6,940 



^"62^528 I $277,406 | 4,608 I ^X2.1^''i|3,258,837 1 $471,666 | |36.200 | $4300 | $109,408 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 67 

GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF JONES COUNTY. 

The growth and development of Jones county has not been marked by any 
sudden change. Its onward progress has been steady. There have been no 
booms to break later with disaster and ruin. No feverish haste or stampede has 
invited relapse or disaster. Its citizens have come with the idea of making Jones 
county their home. They have erected substantial homes and surrounded them- 
selves and their families with those necessities which make for comfort and 
permanency of home. Jones county has been an agricultural community from the 
day when the first inhabitants broke the soil and began the raising of the products 
which later were to form the chief crops of the farmer. In the later years, indus- 
tries were started, only to perish in the evolution of the times. 

Up until about 1875, the population rapidly increased, and since that time, 
the population has remained about twenty thousand. The growth of the popula- 
tion can best be seen and illustrated by a comparison of the census reports since 
1838. In 1838—241; 1840—475; 1844—1,112; 1846—1,758; 1848—1,779; 1849 
—2,140; 1850—3,007; 1851-3400; 1852—4,201; 1853—6,075; 1856—9,835; 
1859— 13475; 1860—13,306; 1863—13,495; 1865—14,376; 1867—16,228; 1869 
—18,113; 1870—19,731; 1873—18,930; 1875—19,166; 1880—21,052; 1885— 
19,654; 1890—20,233; 1895—20,088; 1900—21,954; 1905—20,427. 

The growth and development of the several towns in the county by compari- 
son in years, beginning in 1870 with those towns which were large enough to be 
given in the census reports, will make interesting reading, and the same is here- 
with given: 



AnftmoM .•..«.. T #. r 


1870 
2,083 


1876 
1,605 
1,687 


1880 
2,083 
1,877 


1885 

1,874 

1,826 

620 

908 

485 


1890 
2,078 
1,938 
704 
752 
519 
237 
210 


1895 
2,006 
2,079 
795 
726 
648 
249 
253 


1900 
2,891 
2,104 
794 
780 
692 
263 
255 
158 


1905 
2,S78 


M ontlcello 


1,337 


2,156 






808 


O^ord Jaiictioii 




800 


OUn 

Onslow TTT.-.-T-- 




679 
274 


Cant^T Jnnctton . . . . . 




214 


MarteUe 




161 



COMPARATIVE POPULATION BY TOWNSHIPS, i860 AND 1905. 
In the 1905 population, the towns are included in the townships named. 

I860 1905 I860 1905 

C*«8 597 778 Montlcello 886 2,954 

Castle GroTe 559 701 Oxford 697 1,584 

dftv 633 626 Richland 862 814 

Palrvlew 1,249 4,021 Rome 844 1,568 

Greenfield 836 775 Scotch Grove 736 761 

Hale 570 833 Washlngrton 1,048 553 

Jackson 651 731 Wayne 580 919 

Uadlson 565 981 Wyoming 1,144 1,828 

Total 1860 13,306 

Total 1905 20,427 



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68 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

CROP AND PRODUCE STATISTICS. 
The following statistics in regard to the crops and produce of Jones county, 
were taken from the official census of Iowa for 1905 : 

Name of Product Acres 

Corn 86»534 

Wheat 662 

Oats 27,486 

Barley 7,684 

Rye 872 

Buckwheat 116 

Clover haj 1,185 

Timothy hay 50,017 

Millet and Hungarian 246 

Alfalfa 9 

Wild hay 566 

Other forage crops 

Other farm crops 

Clover seed 46 

Timothy seed 557 

Other grass seeds 

Irish potatoes 

Sweet potatoes 

Sweet corn 

Apples 

Peaches 

Plnms 

Cherries 

Berries 

Chickens 208,505t 

Other fowls 12,325t 

Eggs 684,547t 

Dairy products 

Vegetables 



Bushels 


Value 


3,516,690 


$1,422,885 


7,038 


5.892 


896,578 


274,109 


218,713 


86,146 


11,170 


6,342 


1,337 


1.355 


1.621* 


9,728 


70.388' 


427.827 


458* 


2,487 


16* 


101 


820* 


3.636 




20.861 




4.859 


66 


304 


8.730 


4,896 


320 


154 


169,732 


54,555 


483 


216 


19,680 


7,30o 




28,916 




23 




2.306 




6.157 




11,900 




70,001 




11.475 




92.321 




473.938 




23.390 



• Tons, t Number. 

TAX LEVIES FOR 1909. 
The following is the tax levy for Jones county, as fixed by the board of su- 
pervisors for 1909. at their regular meeting in September. 

CONSOLIDATED TOWNSHIP ROAD LEVY 

Mills Mills 

State 8.4 Cass 3.5 

State university 2 Castle Grove 3.5 

Agricultural college 2 Clay 4 

State normal 1 Falrvlew 4 

County 3.8 Greenfield 8 

Poor 1 Hale 3 

Bridge 5 Jacicson 4 

Road 1 Lovell 4 

Soldiers' relief 8 Madison 8.5 

School 1 Oxford 8.5 

Insane 1 Rome 4 

Richland 8 

Total 16 Scotch Grove 8.5 

Wayne 4 

Washington 4 

Wyoming 4 













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1 


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1 

< 


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1 


Corporations — 


























Anamosa 


. 10 


5 




2 


8 




2 






, , 


. , 


22 


Center Junction . . 


5 


4 


, , 


, . 






, , 






, . 







Olln 


. 10 


5 


4 








, , 


, , 








10 


Onslow 


. 5 














, , 








5 


Oxford Junction . . 


. 10 


















, , 




10 


Monticello 


8 


3 




3 






2 


1 




1 


5 


28 


Martelle 


.. 10 


, , 




, , 






, , 


2 








12 


Wyoming 


9 


5 


5 


. , 




4 


, , 


, , 




^ , 


, ^ 


28 


Wett Cascade 


. 10 




1 












1 


•• 


•• 


12 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



69 



SCHOOLS. 



TOWNSHIPS 



S 



0053 



Cass township 

Castle GroTe township . . . 

Fairview township 

Hale township 

Richland township 

Rome township 

Scotch Oroye township . . . 
Washington township . . . . 

Wayne township 

Independent Districts — 

Anamosa 

Center Junction 

Monticello 

Olin 

Onslow 

Oxford Junction 

Wyoming 

West Cascade 

Clay township — 

Clay Mills 

Defiance Hill 

Mineral Valley (no levy). 

Pleasast Hill 

Sutton 

South Temple Hill 

Victory 

White Oak Grove 

Greenfield township — 

Bunker Hill 

Cherry Grove 

Cottage Hill 

Center 

Hazel Hill 

Laurel Hill 

Martelle 

No. 1 

West Comer 

White Oak 

Jackson township — 

Antioch 

Black Oak 

Brushwood (no levy) 

Center 

fTazel Green 

Midland 

Newport 

Pleasant Hill 

Pleasant Valley 

Waggoner 

T^vell township — 

No. 1 

No. 2 

No. 3 

No. ."^ 

No. 6 

No. 7 

No. 8 

No. 9 

Madison township — 

Madison Center 

Madison Village 

Maple Grove 

Niles 

Oak Grove 

Pine Grove 

South Madison 

Oxford township — 

No. 1 



No. 2 
No. 3 
No. 5 
No. 6 
No. 7 



4 
6% 

8 
6 
5 
8 
5 
7 

12*' 

4 
8 

'9" 
6 
6 
6 

7 
5 
7 

4Vf 
14 



Wyoming township— 

Baldwin (no levy) 

Beers Creek 

Pence Ridge 

Pleasant Ridge 

Monmouth 

South Prairie 

Valley 

Canton (Jackson Co.) . . 
Dayton (Cedar Cb.) 8. 
Spencervllle 



12Jj 
9 

n 

13 



8 

5.1 

7 



5% 



1% 



2% 



1% 



OQ S 



•1% 
•2" 

•8 



35 



16 



11 

'2% 



2% 




1 


•8 


2 






•5% 


S 






8 


i% 




2% 




2 


.... 


7 


.... 


9 


.... 




6 


5 




1.5 




2 





• Bond. 



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70 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

COUNTY SEAT QUESTIONS. 

Almost every western county has found the location of a permanent seat of 
justice and of government one of the vexatious problems which beset organized 
society. In this respect Jones county has not been an exception. 

The commissioners appointed by the legislature for the purpose of choosing 
a site for a county seat fixed upon a spot one half mile north of the geographical 
center of the county, as is related on another page of this history. The town here 
laid out received the name of Edinburg. As yet we cannot say with Bums 

"Edina! Scotia's darling seat! 
All hail thy palaces and towers!" 

The palaces and towers did not grow. The soil was obstinate. A quagmire 
was its only park ; the wild prairie its only scenery. A visitor thus describes it : 

**Edinburgh was a city of grass. Its streets run in all directions. In fact, it 
was all street. You could wander over its entire extent without getting sight of 
a single wall — brick, stone or wood. The earth below and the blue vault above 
were the only signs that the place was intended for human habitation ; and, as all 
cities require ornament of some kind, a bounteous nature had planted there and 
reared a few scattering trees. Such was Edinburgh in the summer of 1840." 

A I05 cabin ^was erected as a courthouse, commodious in size for the then 
sparse population of Jones county, in which Judge Wilson dispensed the justice 
meted out to territorial settlers by the federal court. In April, 1841, we find by 
the commissioners* record, that E. Sutherland was allowed one hundred and forty 
dollars for building this primitive capitol building, and a few months later, James 
Spencer appears as a claimant for fifty dollars on account of work done in ren- 
dering comfortable this same building. 

Another log cabin was erected by William Hutton, who was, at that time, 
commissioners' clerk, as well as clerk of the district court. This cabin was occu- 
pied as a dry goods store and grocery, especially the latter, which was stocked 
mostly with **corn juice." The store not proving a profitable investment, was 
soon abandoned, and the same enterprising clerk erected a two-story frame hotel, 
where he might entertain the judge, jury and witnesses by night after record- 
ing their doings by day. This hotel is said to have been furnished with nothing 
save a few chairs ; a sheet-iron parlor stove ; the public table made of two rough 
boards laid lengthwise ; and by way of night's lodging, a load or two of nice prai- 
rie hay, cut a few hours previously, and pitched into the upper windows. 

Edinburg seems to have had no advantages over a dozen other places, save 
its central location. It manifested no signs of growth, and the people rapidly 
became dissatisfied. Other towns were growing up in the county, and it was but 
natural that the pioneers should prefer going to some settlement when they visited 
the county seat, instead of journeying out into the wilderness. No county officer 
made it his residence throughout the year. William Hutton, the clerk, lived at 
Farm Creek. The recorder was to be found at Fairview, and probate business 
received attention at Cascade. This state of affairs naturally bred discontent. 
Nobody was satisfied, not even the county officers themselves. Finally a petition 
was sent to the legislature for relief, and a bill was passed in that body, providing 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 71 

that the commissioners of Jones county should assemble and name two places to 
be voted upon by the citizens, deciding in that way their choice of a county seat. 

February 28, 1846, the commissioners held a special meeting at the house of 
George G. Banghart for that purpose. By a species of playing into one another's 
hands, now commonly known as log-rolling, the commissioners arranged mat- 
ters to suit their individual preferences, and named the point now known as 
Newport, and a place adjoining Cascade, on the south side of the river, now lo- 
cally known as Dale's Ford. The latter was in the corner of the county. There 
were about a dozen votes cast at this farce election, and Newport received the 
majority of the votes. The result was viewed rather in the light of a joke. 
There was a solitary dwelling where Newport was to be laid out, the lone cabin of 
Adam Overacker. 

May II, 1846, the county commissioners held their first meeting at the new 
seat of justice. The ground on which Newport was located was given* by Adam 
Overacker to the county, being a ten-acre tract described as lot 2, section 33, 
township 84, range 3 west. Here the town was duly platted under date of July 
2, 1846, by G. G. Banghart, Adam Kramer and Adam Overacker, and in the same 
month, at sheriff's sale, twenty-eight lots were sold in behalf of the county. The 
proceeds of this sale aggregated three hundred dollars and .twelve cents, or an 
average of less than eleven dollars per lot. The highest price paid was twenty- 
six dollars by Levi Cronkhite. 

Preparations were nrvade here for the erection of a log courthouse, and some 
of the timbers were placed on the ground, but nothing was ever done toward its 
completion. The commissioners rented a room from Adam Overacker for their 
meeting, and made arrangements with him to supply rooms to accommodate the 
court at the proper season. 

When Judge Wilson reached the spot and found there was no place prepared 
for holding court, save in a room in a log shanty ; saw no other house in the vicin- 
ity, and naught in view save trees and waving prairie grass, he got into his buggy 
and drove back to his home in Dubuque. No term of court was held during the 
time the county seat was at Newport. The result of the election which fixed upon 
Newport as the seat of the county, was generally regarded as a joke. It satisfied 
no one except Adam Overacker, and was much less suited to the needs of the 
county than Edinburg. As soon as possible, the assistance of the legislature was 
again called in, and the privilege was granted by that body to vote for a county 
seat, according to their own inclinations. If this election should not show a ma- 
jority for any one point, a second election should be held, in which the two places 
having the greatest number of votes in the first election should be the only ones 
in the field. 

In the first election held under this grant by the legislature, in the spring of 
1847, five points were returned, viz. : Lexington, Newport, Rome, Monticello and 
Scotch Grove. No votes were given to Edinburg. Newport and Lexington 
stood highest, and in the second contest, about two weeks later, a victory resulted 
m favor of Lexington, whose name was afterward changed to Anamosa by au- 
thority of Judge Wilson, of the district court. 

After the election, the commissioners met at Edinburg, June 10, 1847. They 
adjourned until 7 o'clock, June nth, when they immediately took a recess to 



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72 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

meet at i o'clock in the afternoon at Lexington. We might therefore say that 
this town became the county seat between 7 a. m. and i p. m., June 11, 1847. The 
house of G. H. Ford was temporarily secured for court purposes and the transac- 
tion of county business. 

Lexington had been surveyed by R. J. Qeveland June 18, 1846. with Mahan 
& Crockwell as proprietors. It was replatted, with provision for a public square, 
in June, 1847, by H. Mahan, John D. Crockwell and G. H. Ford, who, in accor- 
dance with a previous pledge, donated to the county of Jones fifty lots of the new 
town and a public square. Of these lots, forty-eight were sold at the July term of 
the commissioners* board realizing to the county seven hundred and twenty-five 
dollars. 

The contract for building a two-story frame courthouse was let to G. H. Ford 
at eight hundred dollars. This building was thirty by forty feet, and could not 
have been built at so low a price had it not been that most of the necessary ma- 
terial was already donated to the county. This courthouse was first occupied 
January 3, 1848. 

Various attempts have been made in later years to remove the county seat 
from Anamosa to a more central locality. 

In the vote of April 6, 1857, a contest was waged between Anamosa and 
Madison, with a result of one thousand and twenty-four to seven hundred and 
seventeen in favor of the former. 

In the following year, an attempt to remove the seat of justice to the northeast 
quarter of section i, Jackson township, failed by a majority of thirty-three votes. 
The ballot stood one thousand, two hundred and seventy-eight to one thousand, 
two hundred and forty-five. 

In October, 1874, the people of the county were called upon to decide between 
Anamosa and Center Junction. The contest was a bitter one and not without 
some fear on the part of the friends of Anamosa. The latter, however, were 
successful by a vote of one thousand, nine hundred and ninety-three to one thou- 
sand five hundred and ninety-two. Center Junction had selected the site of the 
new courthouse which was to be where Dr. J. M. Young's residence now stands, 
north and east of the C. M. & St. P. depot. 

About 1880 or a few years later, Wyoming was found with the county seat 
bee buzzing within her borders. Petitions were in active circulation, preparations 
were in progress for the erection of the new courthouse "on the brow of the hill, 
on the west side of the creek which runs through the center of the town." But 
this contest did not reach a vote. 

There has been no further active contest for the removal of the county scat 
from the present county capital. 

THE COURTHOUSE. 

The courthouse at Lexington as above mentioned, built by G. H. Ford, was far 
in advance of any county structure up to that time. The building was completed 
according to the terms and accepted, and for the first time Jones county had a 
courthouse that could boast of more than one room. Here were installed the 
county offices, clerk, treasurer, recorder, sheriff and school commissioner, each 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 73 

in his own apartment ; and people were no longer required to hunt up the clerk 
at Farm Creek, the recorder at Fairview, the sheriff at Bowen's Prairie, or the 
treasurer and school commissioner miles away in other townships. 

And so it continued to be until January, 1864, when the building having grown 
old and needing repairs from time to time, the county having increased in popu- 
lation, and the county offices becoming cramped for room by the accumulation 
of books of record, and the danger of quick destruction in case of fire, which any 
evil-minded person might bring about, the board of supervisors accepted a prop- 
osition to remove the records and fixtures to the then new brick block up town 
belonging to H. C. Metcalf. 

Though the old building did good service for the county for some eighteen 
years, yet it was not free from the gnawings of the "tooth of time." The action 
of the board at the January meeting, 1864, was as follows, and it will be seen that 
the report of the commissioners, Messrs. B. K. Bronson, F. M. Hicks and John 
Tallman, was in a somewhat humorous vein : 

"Whereas, H. C. Metcalf has generously offered to Jones county suitable rooms 
for county offices and a commodious hall in which to hold the district court, for 
the term of two years free of rent, with the privilege of using the same three 
years longer for such rent as the board of supervisors may see fit to allow, and, 

*'Whereas, The ruinous and dilapidated condition of the building known as 
the Jones county courthouse, now only renders it a fit habitation for bats and 
owls, and as we, the representatives of Jones county, do not desire longer to dis- 
pute possession with a class of tenants whose claims ?.re vastly superior to ours, 
therefore 

"Resolved, That this board accept said proposition and order a removal of 
the public records as soon as said Metcalf shall make to the county the lease of 
the aforesaid rooms, in accordance with the conditions above stated." 

This resolution was finally adopted on the sixth day of the term, January, 
1864. The old courthouse was sold at auction, November 15, 1864, to Alderman 
ft Williams for two hundred and fifty dollars and was moved up town. 

On February 14, 1875, the career of this historic structure was ended by fire. 
It had been built when the county had less than two thousand population and in 
its limited way, it had served its purpose, and the flames were unkind in hiding 
from the view of the later population, the structure which in the early career of 
the county, had been accorded the name of "courthouse." 

The rooms rented of Mr. Metcalf were occupied free of rent for two years, 
when they were leased at the rate of two hundred and fifty dollars per year. The 
county offices remained here until the fall of 1871, when they were removed to 
their present location in Shaw's new block. The courtroom was removed to 
Lehmkuhl's block in January, 1871, the hall in Metcalf 's building being inade- 
quate to the needs of the county. For three years, the county rented the rooms 
occupied by the county. During the time of the contest for the county seat with 
Center Junction, in 1874, Anamosa in its corporate capacity appropriated three 
thousand dollars and private citizens subscribed two thousand dollars more, with 
which amount and one thousand dollars additional pledged, the entire second 
floor of Shaw's block and the auditor's office on the first floor were purchased and 
conveyed to the county of Jones, to belong to said county so long as they were 



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74 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

occupied for county and court purposes. In the event that the county seat is re- 
moved from Anamosa, these rooms are to revert to their former owners, the city 
and citizens of Anamosa. Arrangements were later made for the occupancy of 
the second room on the lower floor for the county treasurer's office at an annual 
rental of three hundred dollars. This arrangement is yet in effect. 

There have been no further changes in the apartments for the county and 
district court purposes. The building and rooms do not compare very favorably 
with the modern and commodious brick courthouses of some of the newer coun- 
ties of the state, though the building is serving its purpose without much expense 
to the taxpayers of the county. ^ 

SOME IMPROVEMENTS. 

The offices are provided with fire-proof vaults for the security of the county 
records, and some of the offices, notably the clerk's office, have been equipped with 
modern cases to store the records, H. G. A, Harper, the present clerk, has sys- 
tematized the records of his office, and by so doing has made the records of the 
office of some practical value. Louis Gardner, the present auditor, has in a like 
manner, given to the routine work of his office, and to the records of his office, 
a much needed revision and systematizing. It must be admitted that the older 
county records are very incomplete and unsatisfactory. The present courthouse 
is not a *'thing of beauty and a joy forever," though.the county officers are doing 
nobly in making it answer the needs of the county. , , 

EDUCATIONAL, c 

Jones county has maintained a good system of education during her years of 
settlement. The early settlers will yet speak in gloiwing terms of the advantages 
for education offered by the rural schools of the county It may seem strange, but 
it is nevertheless true that there were more pupils cnix)lled in the schools of Jones 
county thirty, forty or even fifty years ago, than there are at the present time. In 
the school census of 1867, there were nearly seven t}«K!)usand children of school 
age in the county. At the present time there are about six thousand. 

There are nine town schools with a total teaching foroe of sixty-three teachers 
and a total number of pupils of about two thousand, five hundred There are 
about one hundred and thirty rural schools with a rural school population of over 
three thousand. Every rural school is now provided vath a school library. All 
but one graded school has a library. Every spring, applicants for rural gradua- 
tion meet for the purpose of examination in the common branches. Those who 
pass the examination are admitted to the high school? of the county without 
further examination. Uniform county text-books are used in the county. 

The general assembly has shorn the county superintendent of many of the 
duties which formerly were required in the office. All examination papers are 
now passed upon by a state board of examiners, and the competency of the appli- 
cant for a teacher's certificate determined. This relieves the county superin- 
tendent of some onerous duties, but it adds to the complexity of the machinery 
required to grind out a teacher's certificate. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 75 

The present county superintendent, Miss Kate Maurice, is the first lady to oc- 
cupy that office in Jones county. She is now serving her second term in that 
capacity, and to all intents and purposes, the schools of the county are receiving 
that careful attention necessary for educational development. Miss Maurice be- 
gan her teaching experience in the rural schools of Jones county, and later taught 
in the graded schools of Monticello, Ames, Des Moines and other points. She 
was bom and raised in this county and makes a conscientious and painstaking 
official. 

We give herewith a list of the rural and graded schools of the county, together 
with the number of pupils in the township or district, and also the number en-, 
rolled, and also other data. The school tax levy will be found under the title "The 
Tax Levies for 1909," on another page. 



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80 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

POLITICAL STATUS OF JONES COUNTY. 

Attention has been given to the religious and social conditions in Jones county, 
and it will form an interesting chapter to review the political situation. A gov- 
ernment of the people, by the people and for the people cannot well exist and 
prosper without having its principles supported, and this is usually done by or- 
ganizations called political parties. 

Politically, Jones county has been since 1856, a republican county. The new 
party movement in 1874, called the anti-monopoly movement, formed an alliance 
with the democratic party, which in 1873, elected their ticket by from three hun- 
dred to four hundred majority. Some of those on the ticket had previously been 
republicans. They were opposed however, by the regular republican nominees, 
and their success was of course a defeat of the opposite party. 

The formal organization of the republican party was effected on the 5th day 
of Jrmuary, 1857, at a meeting held in Anamosa on that date, of which C. L. D. 
Crockwell was chairman, and George Higby, secretary 

A committee to report a plan of organization was appointed, composed of 
A. H. Marvin, of Monticello; Thomas S. Hubbard, of Castle Grove; W. S. Niles, 
of Madison ; H. O. Brown, of Qay ; J. S. Dimmitt, of Fairview. The committee 
reported the following resolution which was adopted : 

Whereas, We have full confidence in the national organization of the republi- 
can party, and believe that we should use all honorable means for the triumph of 
its principles ; therefore, 

Resolved, That the republicans of Jones county adopt the following course 
for an organization in said county: First, That there be a central committee of 
three appointed, residents of Anamosa, who shall constitute a board whose duty 
it shall be to call meetings, conventions, etc., in this county, and shall attend to 
the distrihition of tickets at elections ; Second, That an e.KCCUtive committee of one 
from each township be appointed to cooperate with the central committee, and to 
call meetings in their several townships; Third, That the central and executive 
committees shall elect from their number a president, treasurer and secretary 

As this central committee, W. J. Henry, C. L. D. Crockwell and J. S. Dimmitt 
were chosen. 

The following township executive committee were chosen : Milo Q. Thompson 
of Cass; George Higby of Castle Grove; John Russell of Clay; Pratt R. Skinner 
of Fairview; Thomas Goudy of Greenfield; C. F. Lewis of Hale; M. H. Byerly 
of Jackson; John Xiles of Madison; A. H. Marvin of Monticello; Jas. Kent of 
Oxford; A. G. Brown of Pierce (now Wyoming) ; Barrett Whittemore of Rich- 
land ; D. R. Carpenter of Rome ; John E. Lovejoy of Scotch Grove ; G. C. Mudgett 
of Wayne. 

A. H. Marvin and W. H. Holmes were the first delegates chosen to represent 
Jones county in the republican state convention of 1857. 

It is to be regretted that a similar record cannot be given of the formation and 
organization of the democratic party in Jones county. 

The republican and the democratic parties have been the leading political or- 
ganizations in Jones county. From the record before U5, from 1852 down to the 
past election, the republican party has carried the county at every election, as to 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 81 

the head of the ticket, except at four elections, to wit: In 1889 Horace Boies de- 
feated Hutchinson for governor by a vote of two thousand one hundred and 
eight>'-eight for Hutchinson, republican, to two thousand, two hundred and sixty- 
seven for Boies, democrat ; again, in 1891, Boies, democrat, two thousand, five htm- 
dre«l and twenty-six votes to two thousand, four hundred and twenty-two for 
Wheeler, republican ; in 1892, Grover Qeveland, democrat for president, by a vote 
of two thousand four hundred and nineteen to two thousand four hundred and 
fort^ defeated Benjamin Harrison, republican; and in igo6. Porter, democrat, by a 
vote of two thousand two hundred and sixty-one, defeated Ctmimins, repubUcan, 
one tiiousand eight hundred and sixty-seven, for governor. The high mark of the 
republican party was in 1868, when Grant defeated Seymour by a majority of one 
thousand one hundred and twenty-seven; ag^n in 1872, when Grant defeated 
Greely by a majority of one thousand and forty-eight ; and again in 1880, when 
Garfield, republican for president received two thousand six hundred and seven- 
teen votes as against one thousand six hundred and twenty-seven for Hancodc, 
democrat, Garfield receiving a majority of nine hundred and ninety. The next 
highest mark was in the presidential election in 1900, when McKinley, republican, 
defeated Bryan, democrat, by a majority of nine hundred and sixty-nine. 

The vote on local county nominees has not always followed the vote for the 
head of the ticket. Frequently there have been several of the county offices filled 
by democrats. The vote the past few years has been very close. At the present 
time the sheriff, superintendent of schools, recorder, county attorney and four 
county supervisors, are democrats ; while the auditor, clerk of the court, treasurer, 
coroner and one county supervisor are republicans. 

Other political parties have existed in Jones county, but none have ever gath- 
ered much support. The greenback movement made a small start, having cast 
forty-four votes in 1876. The prohibition party has developed some strength and 
has had a county ticket in the field at each election for several years. At the 
election in 1908, the prohibition party received fifty-two votes in the county; 
while the socialist party cast twenty-three votes and the people's party received 
two votes, both from Richland township. 

The taxpayers' party was organized in Jones county through the personal ac- 
tivity of John G. Krouse of Madison township, in 1897, and a county ticket was 
placed in the field. Although receiving promises of support, at the election less 
than twenty votes were cast for the party. The party platform enunciated a 
nimiber of good principles, but several of its planks did not meet with sufficient 
approval to make it a permanent party. 

There have been a number of quite aggressive campaigns. During the presi- 
dential campaigns of 1888 and 1892, the republican party was thoroughly 
organized, marching clubs with streaming banners and flaming torches fired the 
zeal of the young voters, while the orators proclaimed in burning words the 
calamity which would follow the election of the candidates of the opposing party. 
Several barbecues and ox roasts followed the victory in 1892. The democratic 
party conducted a "gum shoe" campaign and with a thorough organization and 
personal solicitation, secured a strong and influential following. 

The practical workings of the primary law has had a tendency to demoralize 
the party organizations, and cripple the eflFectiveness of the party, and also stifle 



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82 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

the ambitions of candidates of limited means residing in the lesser populated 
districts. 

Since the enactment of the primary election law, the county convention has 
become a memory. The democratic county conventions have usually been con- 
ducted without much factional feeling, though there have been exceptions. The 
last few conventions held by the party had developed quite an active factional 
feeling. The Cleveland and Bryan wings, the sound money and the free silver 
branches, clashed on the floor of the convention and the question of party di- 
plomacy in the selection of candidates, became an interesting one. The republican 
county conventions likewise have been the center of skillful party manipulation, 
and the selection of candidates, strenuous. In the convention in 1903, fifty-six 
ballots were required to nominate a county attorney, the longest battle of ballots 
in the history of the county. J. E. Remley of Anamosa, A. A. Cole of Olin, R. M; 
Corbit of Wyoming and A. G. Bauder of Monticello, were the candidates, the 
latter receiving sufficient votes to nominate on the fifty-sixth ballot. Each candi- 
date having had his hearing on the floor of the convention, harmony and good will 
followed the meeting. The conventions and caucuses of the prohibition party have 
been harmonious in the extreme, and the candidates have been nominated and 
defeated without as much as a ripple on the surface of their party waters. 

Notwithstanding some indiscretions in the party nominations, good men have 
uniformly been elected to office in Jones county. No county officer has ever been 
removed for incompetency or misconduct, nor has there ever been a charge pre- 
ferred against any county officer for misconduct or inefficiency. It is true there 
have been superior men in office, and because of this the standard of the office 
has been raised. The best men do not always seek office or allow themselves to 
be thrust into office. Neither do the most competent candidates always secure 
the election. It is necessary to good government that there should be at least two 
strong opposing political parties, and so long as Jones county enjoys this necessity, 
the standard of efficiency in office will be maintained. 

THE ELECTION RETURNS. 

We give below a summary of the vote in Jones county, beginning with the 
presidential election of 1852, and an annual vote since 1878. 

1852 — Pierce, 338; Scott, 266; 1856 — ^Fremont, 964; Buchanan, 663; i860 — 
Lincoln, R., 1,453; Douglas, D., 1,097; ^864 — Lincoln, 1,530; McClellan, D., 
941 ; 1868 — Grant, R., 2,400; Seymour, D., 1,277; 1872 — Grant, R., 2,285 ; Greeley, 
D., 1,237; 1876— Hayes, R., 2,591 ; Tilden, D., 1,763. 

The table below is an abstract of the votes by townships on the head of the 
ticket, each year down to the last election in 1908. 



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VOTES BY TOWNSHIPS. 



1800 
^ec. of State 



id 
I 



128 
65 
90 

422 
75 

119 
82 

172 

806 

95 

36 

226 

117 

4 

115 

2312 



i 
1 

e 



70 

93 

09 

350 

125 

72 

106 

70 
314 
255 
134 
107 

65 

146 

123 

148 

2270 



1891 
Governor. 



118 
65 
89 

436 
79 

147 

103 

203 

295 

91 

35 

223 

127 

9 

120 

282 

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n 



80 
106 
108 
415 
115 

77 
108 

86 
373 
291 
135 
121 

67 

137 

128 

179 

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I 



51 
77 
60 

^3 
89 
42 
97 
78 
88 

154 

282 
57 

114 
20 
98 
78 
88 



1657 



1908 
Qovernor. 



a 

B 

a 
5 



184 
59 
76 

495 
71 

^1? 

78 

85 

217 

118 

8 

78 
256 



2377 



1904 
Pretident. 



54 

106 

76 

831 

89 

50 

88 

36 

66 

198 

238 

90 

117 

50 

130 

107 

111 



1982 



139 

70 

81 

672 

97 

135 

108 

95 

189 

348 

147 

68 

254 

129 

9 

92 

800 



I 



42 
78 
82 

292 
89 
67 
92 
65 
68 

161 

225 
86 

121 
89 

120 
98 

109 



2883 I 1884 



IMM 
Qovernor. 



101 
67 
42 

455 
62 
78 
78 
69 

127 

228 
86 
50 

164 
91 
18 
71 

124 



£ 



44 

89 

99 
884 
127 

80 
100 

71 
106 
256 
250 

67 
141 

52 
127 
112 
166 



1867 I 2261 



1908 
President 



109 

65 

76 

519 

105 

109 

97 

80 

196 

246 

122 

66 

228 

110 

8 

70 

260 



64 

97 

78 

406 

104 

72 

70 

78 

67 

241 

272 

106 

158 

52 

186 

127 

128 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 83 

EARLY MARRIAGES AND MARRIAGE LICENSES. 

The first couple married in Jones county were Thomas J. Peak of Monticello 
and Miss Rebecca M. Beardsley. This event of historic interest took place on 
Christmas day, 1839. The groom was a native of Cheshire county, New Hamp- 
shire, where he was born September 9, 181 3. In 1837 he came to Iowa from 
Illinois in company with B. Beardsley, locating claims in what is now Castle 
Grove township. They returned to Illinois for the winter, and in the following 
April returned to Iowa and took permanent possession of their claims. The bride 
was a daughter of B. Beardsley and was born in Delaware county. New York. 
Mr. Peak died at Monticello, January 8, 1900, and Mrs. Peak died at the same 
place, December 24, 1907. 

In those pioneer days, the procuring of a marriage license was more than a 
formal matter, and was not as easily obtained as now. Mr. Peak had to go to Sugar 
Grove, Cedar county, Iowa, a distance of sixty-five miles taking him four days. 
But as his mind was in a happy frame, and his thoughts dwelt on the happy event 
which was about to take place in his life, the effort had its reward and he felt 
well repaid for his trouble. 

William Moore and Alvira Neal, parents of Mrs. T. A. King, the present wife 
of the steward of the county home, might have had the distinction of being the 
first couple married in the county, had it not been that the license was procured in 
Dubuque county. They resided a short distance from the Dubuque county line, 
and the officiating clergyman required the wedding couple to walk over the line 
into Dubuque county to be within the jurisdiction of the license, and there just 
over the borders of Jones county, under the sheltering protection of a large 
oak, in May, 1839, they were pronounced man and wife in the presence of five of 
their friends who had accompanied them likewise on foot. 

The first marriage license issued in Jones county was granted to Edmund 
Booth and Mary Ann Walworth, July 25, 1840, and on the following day they 
were married by Justice John G. Joslin. This is the first marriage that appears 
on the record in the clerk's office at Anamosa at the present time. Anent the pro- 
curing of this license also hang^ a tale. Mr. Booth went t6 the clerk's house to 
get a permit, as it was termed, to be married. The clerk was not at home, and as 
he had no office other than his cabin and residence, this was naturally the place 
where he would be expected to be found. Mr. Booth was told that the clerk was 
cradling wheat about two miles north of Cascade. Nothing daunted, Mr. Booth 
set out on foot in search for the clerk who was found working for a man named 
Brown. When Mr. Booth got there, neither of them had any pen or pencil or 
paper to write out the permit. Printed forms were not then in use in the clerk's 
office. Mr. Booth and Mr. Clerk then returned to Cascade where the permit was 
written and signed. With a lighter heart, Mr. Booth trudged his way homeward 
and on July 25, 1840, the first marriage ceremony in the county was performed 
under the authority of a Jones county license. 

It is also of interest to note in connection with the marriage of Mr. Booth 
and Miss Walworth that the justice of the peace was not burdened with marriage 
information and had no form other than what appeared in the newspaper which 
he happened to have. The printed service used in the marriage of Queen Vic- 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



toria and Prince Albert, who had been married on February loth previous, was 
in the newspaper which Justice Joslin happened to have in his possession. This 
was read by Justice Joslin in the ceremony. Both the bride and the groom were 
deaf mutes ; neither could speak a syllable or hear a sound. The marriage was 
simplicity itself. There was no gorgeous display pf bridal flowers and neither 
was there present a gjand retinue of bridesmaids to make the event similar in 
splendor to the modem day ceremony. The union of hearts and the cementing of 
the lives was perfect in spirit and sufficient unto the day was the happiness thereof. 

There were two more marriages in the year 1840. In 1841 the number increased 
to eleven for the year. 

We herewith give the names of the parties married in Jones county, down 
to December 30th, 1854, including the first marriage, which is not of record in 
the Jones county records. The other data given, has been taken from the rec- 
ords found in the office of the clerk of the district court. 

Thomas J. Peak to Rebecca M. Beardsley Dec. 25, 1839 

Edmund Booth to Mary Ann Walworth July 25, 1840 

James Dawson, 21, to Emily A. Wilcox, 29 Nov. 10, 1840 

David Varvel, 29, to Margarett E. Beardsley, 22 Dec. 15, 1840 

James Miller to Catherine MefFord Jan. 4, 1841 

David McCoy to Catherine Mefford Jan. 4, 1841 

Richard J. Cleaveland, 35, to Mary Elizabeth Seeley, 26. . .April 8, 1841 

Francis Dawson, 27, to Jane Boyd, 19 May 27, 1841 

L. A. Simpson to Mary Btmigamer July i, 1841 

Aquilla Baugh, 27, to Eunice Emeline Graft, 17 Aug. 10, 1841 

John Hannon to Anne Smith Nov. 25, 1841 

Reuben Bunce to Elizabeth M. Spencer Nov. 26, 1841 

Wm. B. Curtis to Marietta Russel Dec. 26, 1841 

W. H. Garrison to Rebecca Cronkhite Dec. 26, 1841 

Thaddeus M. Smith, 30, to Anna Maria Smith, 20 Dec. 29. 1841 

Alvin Winchel to Melinda Pate Jan. 11, 1842 

Henry Mann to Catherine Mann May 15, 1842 

Chas. Benoist to Rhoda Mellinger Aug. 8, 1842 

Willard Holt to Martha Notrup Sept. 16, 1842 

E. H. Warren to Lucy Nurse Jan. 24, 1843 

Joshua R. Clark and Caroline M. Spencer March 4, 1843 

Samuel Shintaffen and Rebecca Stratton March 26, 1843 

John C. Taylor and Lucinda Ann Hickox Aug. 10, 1843 

Hugh Simmons and Hannah Simmons Aug. 20, 1843 

Samuel Starry and Rhoda Bungarner Sept. 9, 1843 

S. N. Stylus and Mary Turner Oct. 26, 1843 

M. H. Hutton and Matilda V. Titus Nov. 3, 1843 

Truman I. Peet and Nancy Crow Dec. 3, 1843 

Chas. Romer and Anna Williams Feb. 20, 1844 

Geo. H. Brown and Mary Alloway Feb. 22, 1844 

M. S. Buckman and Hannah Winchel March 20, 1844 

C. S. Turner and Caroline Pate Oct. 8, 1844 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



85 



Alonzo B. Clark and Anna Mann Nov. 9, 1844 

Solomon Eliot and Minerva Chaplin Feb. 10, 1845 

Wm. Dawson and Isabella Boyd April 30, 1845 

A. Overacter and Phebe Kramer. , Sept. 14, 1845 

Johnson Knight and Ann Simpson Jan. 3, 1846 

John Fenal and Mary Kelly Jan. 18, 1846 

C. H. Lain and Mary Comwell Feb. i, 1846 

Nathan Bumito and Jane Hargadin April 30, 1846 

John Stevenson and Christie McClain June 16, 1846 

William Thrapp and Joannah Shearman March 16, 1847 

Geo. C. Perkins and Elizabeth Edginton March 30, 1847 

Thomas Head and Catherine Burk April 3, 1847 

Chester Hamilton and Emeline K. Jenks May 20, 1847 

Noah Aldrich and Esther Hines June 23, 1847 

Michael Sandouski and Sarah Williams Sept. 30, 1847 

George M. Taylor and Lavina Betzer Oct. 4, 1847 

Joseph Qark and Matilda Ann Spencer Oct. 8, 1847 

Commodore Gilkison and Eliza Mershon Dec. 9, 1847 

David Scott and Emily Lock Dec. 9, 1847 

Corydon Chaplin and Hannah Rooney Jan. 8, 1848 

Geo. Falls and Mary Rooney Jan. 8, 1848 

Elias V. Miller and Susanna Grand Jan. 13, 1848 

Aaron Smith and Mary Ann Johnson Feb. 17, 1848 

Daniel Livingstone, Jr., and Mary Jane Balch March 9, 1848 

Elam RafFerty and Evaline Graflford March 12, 1848 

David W^ Graft and Christina Byerly March 30, 1848 

C. H. Mershon and Leah Grauel.^ April i, 1848 

Filden Hazelrig and Lydia P. Harvey April 4, 1848 

Orin Scoville and Lydia Hines April 11, 1848 

Miles Russel and Jane C. Randall April 13, 1848 

John L. Williams and Dianah Knight April 16, 1848 

O. P. Sant and N. L. Tryon May 3, 1848 

Ezra C. Tracy and Mary Schelly May 21, 1848 

Wm. Howard and Jane Freed June 11, 1848 

Wm. F. Sosbe and C. M. Bodenhofer June 15, 1848 

William F. Hohimer and Mary Lupton Aug. 20, 1848 

Richard Roe and Juliet Taylor Aug. 31, 1848 

Isaac Garrison and Almeda Lamunion Sept. 6, 1848 

Patrick Mahon and Ellen Glenn Sept. 7, 1848 

Wm. W. Walrods and Julien Hicks Sept. 14, 1848 

John Lang and Bridget Devaney Sept. 30, 1848 

Geo. Hansen and Hannah Shearman Nov. 23, 1848 

Andrew Stinger and Emily A. Dawson Dec. 17, 1848 

Alexander Hamilton and Louisa Houseman Dec. 25, 1848 

Jos. Gilford and Penina Spencer Dec. 28, 1848 

John E. Holmes and Catherine Livingstone Feb. 15, 1849 

Wm. C. Hatcherson and Sarah Miller Feb. 18, 1849 



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86 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Joshua Benadom and Caroline Frary Feb. 26, 1849 

Malachi Kelly and Margaret Leonard April 8, 1849 

Ezekiel Grandon and Eliza Smith June 16, 1849 

Richard Green and Harriet Lewis July 4, 1849 

Jos. F. Berry and Lucinda Osborn July 15, 1849 

Peter Smith and Mary Lawless Aug. 12, 1849 

James Wood and Mary A. Hampton Aug. 18, 1849 

John Scheck and Mary E. Bodenhofer Aug. 27, 1849 

Wm. Jardine and Rachel Vice Sept. 16, 1849 

Wm. J. Hester and Margaret J. Gilbert Sept. 24, 1849 

John Scott and Mary Ann Choppin Nov. 1 1, 1849 

Henry Knight and Betsy McKeever Dec. 9, 1849 

Flaville Scoville and Cornelia Hoyt Dec. 9, 1849 

Simon Grauel and Rhoda Miller Dec. 9, 1849 

Wm. Sterling and Ann Parsons Dec. 25, 1849 

Harvey F. Dalton and Manda Selder Dec. 2T, 1849 

John Harcourt and Lucinda Snook Dec. 27, 1849 

Richard Durgan and Thankful A. Tompkins Jan. i, 1850 

Orrin Harvey and Mary Jane Ryan Jan. 8, 1850 

John Cook and Lydia Henin Jan. 17, 1850 

Simeon Green and Sarah Wright Jan. 20, 1850 

Chas. White and Mary Ellen Crow Feb. i, 1850 

George Graft and Mary Seely March 16, 1850 

Edward Hansen and Louisa Boyd March 31, 1850 

Daniel Livingstone and Mary Hippie April 4, 1850 

Geo. W. Peters and Emeline Winchel April 21, 1850 

Henry Kaffitz and Louisa Hamilton April 25, 1850 

Peasly Hoyt and Hannah Mitchell June 26, 1850 

Wm. M. Wilcox and Amanda Gamberton July 4, 1850 

James Dorrigan and Mary Lynch Aug. 4, 1850 

Edward Reese and Martha Joslin Aug. 4, 1850 

John N. Garrison and Elizabeth Cole Aug. 8, 1850 

Ira Bates and Elizabeth Spear Sept. 12, 1850 

Joseph Miller and Rebecca Grauel Oct. 10. 1850 

William Niles and Louisa Warrington Oct. 20. 1850 

John Alspach and Mary Ann Renfrew Nov. 20, 1850 

Patrick O'Bryan and Catherine Farley Nov. 24, 1850 

Israel Fisher and Maria Antoinette Crane Dec. 15, 1850 

Pratt R. Skinner and Mary A. Lagourgue Dec. 25, 1850 

James Stingley and Nancy McCormick Jan. 15, 185 1 

Caleb B. Rigby and Sarah Libbold Jan. 30, 1851 

Thos. Byers and Lucinda Kramer Feb. 7, 1851 

John C. Taylor and Marriet Shearman Feb. 9. 1851 

James W. Selder s and Lavina E. Lockwood March 4, 1851 

Chancey Conklin and Catherine Smith March 4, 1851 

Jeremiah Lockwood and Hannah Bachelder April 3, 1851 

Wm. Whitlach and Hulda A. Phillips April 6. 1851 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



87 



Jacob Rearick and Christy McClain April 6, 1851 

Joseph Mann and Caliphima O. Peet May 3, 1851 

Harvey Garrison and Amanda H. Ayres June 13, 1851 

Burt Smith and Irena A. Reed July 3, 1851 

James Ridings and Charlotte Sutherland July 24, 1851 

James Mann and Elizabeth Winchel Aug. 26, 1851 

Robert Keneday and Mary Ann Hogan Aug. 30, 1851 

J. W. Singer and Caroline Bassett Sept. 3, 1851 

Thos. Porter and Nary A. Craft Sept. 16, 1851 

Jesse M. Davis and Rosan Belong Sept. 24, 1851 

Samuel Michel and Sutha Wright Sept. 25, 1851 

Myron Sarton and E. A. Wilhite Sept. 29, 1851 

E. Waldren and Elmina Bibby Oct. 5, 1851 

labus Starry and Eleanor Simpson Oct. 17, 1851 

Thomas Simpson and Louisa Robinson Oct. 26, 1851 

Andrew I. McFry and Mary Hutton Nov. i, 1851 

Benjamin Lake and Anna Smith Nov. 8, 1851 

Lewis Ingraham and Susan Romini Nov. 15, 1851 

Thos. McKeever and Mary Cahill Dec. 3, 1851 

Erastus Munger and Rebecca Pence Dec. 11, 1851 

Jacob R. Betzer and Rebecca Stover Jan. 19, 1852 

John Beatty and Mary Jane Thomas Jan. 29, 1852 

Eldad Cooley and Sarah McRill Jan. 29, 1852 

Philip A. Lewis and Margaret Jane Cronkhite Feb. 11, 1852 

Thomas Smith and Margaret Jane Burke Feb. 13, 1852 

William Ward and Sarah Carey Feb. 26, 1852 

John Cole and Rebecca Bumbumer March 7, 1852 

James P. Crawford and Minerva Strode March 14, 1852 

Henry Cole and Mary Simpson March 17, 1852 

Geo. Clymer and EHzabeth Myers March 18, 1852 

Michael Stover and Catherine Betzer March 28, 1852 

Benj. Abrams and Mary Foust March 30, 1852 

C. L. Camberton and Sarah M. Parker May 4, 1852 

Amos Roe and Eliza A. Foust, May 15, 1852 

Peter Hughes and Julia Hughes May 18, 1852 

William Caldwell and Sarah Barnhill May 24, 1852 

Wesley Cooper and Philena Cole June i, 1852 

J. C. Bell and Margaret Sinclair June 8, 1852 

Geo. Hotz and Catherine Weaver June 10, 1852 

Alfred L. Warrington and Catherine Scott July 19, 1852 

Wm. Sutherland and Mary E. Hutton July 20, 1852 

Selden Harding and Sarah Ann Pindell Aug. i, 1852 

William Walston and Sarah Waite Aug. 12, 1852 

Joseph Mann and Betsy Mann Aug. 14, 1852 

William Stivers and Emily Baugh Aug. 22, 1852 

James P. Tibbets and Lois Ann Cooley Aug. 24, 1852 

Edward Troy and Honora Mullady Aug. 26, 1852 



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88 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Levi K. Miller and Mary Ann Green Sept. 7, 1852 

Mathias H. Houstman and Agnes Merritt Oct. 9, 1852 

John W. Wagner and Nancy Jane Soesbe Oct. 12, 1852 

H. Burns and Sarah Pute Oct. 19, 1852 

William I. Patterson and Electa M. Damont Oct. 21, 1852 

John Easterly and Anna Myers Oct. 22, 1852 

Wm. F. Arnold and Orpha Alspach Nov. 13, 1852 

Joseph Porter and Abigail Brooks Nov. 15, 1852 

Alexander Beatty and Mary E. South Nov. 17, 1852 

C. T. Samson and M. M. Crane Nov. 19, 1852 

Samuel S. Buxton and Mary A. Skinner Dec. 16, 1852 

John M. Taylor and Elizabeth Lucas Dec. 16, 1852 

Allison Jeffries and Hannah Myers Dec. 19, 1852 

Henry Miller and Harriet Jeffries Dec. 19, 1852 

C. B. Moses and Catherine Sutherland Dec. 23, 1852 

John Mitchell and Harriet Street Dec. 25, 1852 

William Haddock and Sarah Cornwall .Dec. 25, 1852 

James Wilson and Cynthia M. Silsbee Jan. i, 1853 

James Curren and Martha Jane Bennight Jan. 7, 1853 

Andrew Soper and Sarah Brundage Jan. 19, 1853 

Ross Porter and Sarah Jane Brown Jan. 20, 1853 

O. G. Randall and Fidelia Eastman Feb. 2. 1853 

Joseph Merritt, Jr., and Rebecca Merrit March , 1853 

John Byers and Mary E. Graham March 27, 1853 

James Olmstead and Lucy G. Hannah April 12, 1853 

Thomas Silsby and Susanna Conaly April 21, 1853 

Abram Miller and Caroline Freeman May 7, 1853 

Jacob Lamb and Mary Jane Easterly May 8, 1853 

Joseph Gerard and Rebecca Coleman June 16, 1853 

David Kenison and Emily Sheffield June 20, 1853 

William Gillilan and Martha Parsons July 17, 1853 

Isaac N. Plummer and Mary E. Strode July 20, 1853 

Timothy Soper and Adelia Maria Starkweather Aug. 3, 1853 

Jos. M. Miller and Mary Jane Strawn Aug. 6, 1853 

Jesse E. Bamhill and Ellen Sutherland Aug. 19, 1853 

William Frees and Lydia RafFerty Aug. 25, 1853 

Edward O'Bryan and Catherine O'Conner Aug. , 1853 

Elias G. Miller and Nancy Strawn Aug. 27, 1853 

A. B. Kendig and Sarah Porter Sept. 7, 1853 

Frederick Dumont and Delia Hakes Sept. 4, 1853 

Thomas Sinkey and Emily Hildreth Sept. 11, 1853 

P. M. Baker and Amelia Joslin Sept. 14, 1853 

John A. Fields and Sarah J. Squires Sept. 16, 1853 

Petty M. Smith and Ellen Hall Sept. 17, 1853 

William Hindman and Sarah Jane Kyle Sept. 12, 1853 

Jacob Easterly and Mary Ann Newman Sept. 25, 1853 

Benjamin Lake and Minam Finch Oct. 9, 1853 



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HISTO^tY OF JONES COUNTY 89 

James Kirkpatrick and Jane Barclay Oct. i6, 1853 

Abraham Straight and Mary Jane Younger Oct. 12, 1853 

Francis M. Hostetter and Julia Ann Bradley Oct. 13, 1853 

H. R. Long and Barbara Ann Cronkhite Nov. 2, 1853 

Thos. Head and Nancy Glum Nov. , 1853 

Aaron Tracewell and Louemma Green Nov. 22, 1853 

John McGowan and Mary Courtney Nov. 30, 1853 

M. J. Hindman and Elizabeth Kyle Dec. 6, 1853 

John P. Choppa and Nancy McBee Dec. 28, 1853 . 

John Belknap and O. E. Gates Jan. i, 1854 

Samuel Barnhall and Martha Rodman Jan. 3, 1854 

Cornelius Ingram and Sarah Ann Brown Jan. 12, 1854 

Isaac V. D. Lewis and Mary Ann White Jan. , 1854 

Wm. F. Mayer and Nancy Jane Graft Jan. 31, 1854 

Bratna W. Curtis and Phoebe E. Fay Feb. 9, 1854 

Sanford Lucas and Rosanna Tahn Feb. 15, 1854 

E. K. Johnson and Louisa M. Randall Feb. 16, 1854 

John B. McQueen and Hildah S. Bissell Feb. 19, 1854 

Alexander Long and Lucinda Stingley Feb. 21, 1854 

G. W. Stevens and Christina Slife Feb. 24, 1854 

John Marselle and Hannah Todd Feb. 26, 1854 

A. E. White and Elizabeth A. Clein March 26, 1854 

Henry A. Newman and Mary Barker March 28, 1854 

L. D. Smith and Eliza H. Overly April 2, 1854 

Robert McGinty and Mary Clark April 6, 1854 

John Tabor and Margaret Barton April 14, 1854 

Adam Knight and Mary Jane Tompkins April 16, 1854 

E. H. Evans and Philena Brundage April 18, 1854 

Joseph Morgen and Jemima Jane Spencer April 23, 1854 

Lewis Ainsworth and Persis Bartholemew April 24, 1854 

Lucius B. Irish and Maria Jane Brown April 24, 1854 

Jacob Bowen and Savalla Ann Brown May 2, 1854 

William T. Shaw and Helen A. Crane May 4, 1854 

H. W. Roberts and Lydia Vanvoltenburg May 7, 1854 

Ogden Horton and Emily Green May 12. 1854 

Peter Vanvoltenberg and Lydia Holt May 15, 1854 

Adam J. Kramer and Elisabeth A. Ristine May 15, 1854 

John S. Warrington and Mary Jane Taylor May 28, 1854 

William Smothers and Elizabeth Clymer June 8, 1854 

John M. Potter and Eliza Jane Torrence June 22, 1854 

William Southench and Eleanor Warrington June 22, 1854 

James Orr and Mary Murry June 29, 1854 

William Milton and Hester Ann Richardson June 29, 1854 

Riley Temiliger and Mary Adelia Benedict July 3, 1854 

Henry Benscotee and Sarah Ann Smothers July 27, 1854 

John W. Arnold and N, C. Miller July 30, 1854 

John Helmic and Mary Jane Byers July 30, 1854 



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90 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Jeremiah E. Friend and Algetha N. Hall Aug. 13, 1854 

Daniel Moyer and Pansy Spade Aug. 26, 1854 

M. O. Felton and Anna M. Krouse Aug. 29, 1854 

Guiles J. Hakes and Phoebe Jane Rundall Aug. 31, 1854 

A. W. Barker and Almira Dodge Sept. i, 1854 

Alexander HilHs and Louisa F. Arnold Sept. 17, 1854 

John Giblu and Martha Jane Peasly Sept. 20, 1854 

William H. Hoffman and Emeline Gumbaugh Sept. 21, 1854 

. John Hohnes and Clarissa Lain Sept. 28, 1854 

Leonard Gee and Lucinda Hutton Oct. 2, 1854 

Geo. Sturdevant and Mary Louisa Espy Oct. 3, 1854 

Thomas Robinson and Esther Waite Oct. 11, 1854 

William Raines and Nancy Maria Benton Oct. 26, 1854 

Alexander G. Beardsley and Augusta Bartholemew Oct. 30, 1854 

William Ainsworth and Maria Ingram Nov. 2, 1854 

Frederick Boody and Magdaline Echer Nov. 5, 1854 

Samuel M. Miller and Martha Jane Arnold Nov. 12, 1854 

James McGargill and Catherine Lavery Nov. 15, 1854 

F. M. Sacrest and Mary A. Mershon Nov. 16, 1854 

Edwin M. Hamilton and Louisa C. Harbaugh Nov. 18, 1854 

Ambrose Hill and Catherine BodenhofFer Nov. 19, 1854 

Unison D. Vaughn and Nancy N. Countryman Nov. 20, 1854 

Jedediah Ferris and Mary Page Nov. 22, 1854 

William Kelly and Eliza McBee Nov. 26, 1854 

Luther Abbe and Clarissa Smith Dec. 2, 1854 

Isaac Orcutt and Emily Downer Dec. 6, 1854 

Mead Vaughn and Alvira Rountree Dec. 10, 1854 

Francis McBride and Ann Maria McNan Dec. 20, 1854 

Geo. E. Reyner and Hannah L. Mackrill Dec. 24, 1854 

Lafayette Scott and Martha V. Brown Dec. 28, 1854 

John Byerly and Felicia Alspach Dec. 30, 1854 

EARLY DAIRYING. 

The following short sketch from the pen of H. D. Sherman, written for this 
history, will give the reader an accurate idea of the origin and development of 
the dairy industry in Jones county. Mr. Sherman was the pioneer dairyman of 
Jones county and erected the first creamery in the county. Our pioneer was also 
one of the first state dairy commissioners in Iowa. Mr. Sherman is now a resi- 
dent of Cedar Rapids, though he still retains a commendable interest in the 
progress of the dairy industry in Jones county. — Editor. 

"I came to Jones county from Elgin, Illinois in 1859. During the winter 
of 1859 and i860, and also in the winter of 1860-61, I taught school at Anamosa. 
In 1 861 I located at Monticello and taught school until 1870. 

"Prior to 1863, all the butter produced in the county was received at the 
stores, and the same price was paid for all grades. In 1863 1 began buying butter 
on the streets of Monticello for cash, paying according to the grade or quality, 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 91 

and with the assistance of a boy, I handled a large per cent of the butter and 
eggs produced in the northern half of the county. 

"At that time the energies of the farmers were devoted to grain raising, 
especially to the raising of wheat. But the time came when the substance in the 
soil that produced wheat, was exhausted. And then came the vermin and de- 
stroyed what wheat did grow. Farmers began to look for other sources of 
profit. 

"I continued in the business of buying butter, eggs and poultry. As the 
business increased, in 1874, I took as partner Mr. H. F. Pierce. In the fall of 1875 
we built Diamond Creamery, the first in the county. The first milk was received 
at the creamery in the spring of 1876. In order to start the creamery, we were 
obliged to send to Illinois for a chum. When the churn arrived at the depot it 
was the talk of the town, and the remark was made, 'I g^ess Sherman is going 
to chum all the milk in the county.' It was a sixty gallon box churn. 

"When we built the creamery we did not have the pledge or assurance of a 
single dairy, but by June of that year we had all the milk we could handle. The 
capacity of the creamery was ten thousand pounds of milk a day. The next year 
we increased the capacity. The milk was delivered at the creamery direct from 
the dairy morning and night in warm weather and once a day in cold, weather. 
The cream was obtained by the temperature system. We first set the milk in large 
tin pans surrounded by water and we afterward changed and used the deep 
setting or shotgun can. All the creameries we built and operated were on the 
full milk plan. We never gathered cream from the farmers. Neither had we 
any cream separators. They were not in use, and in fact the cream separator had 
not been invented at the time we began the creamery business. 

"The first separator I ever saw was on exhibition at the international dairy 
fair in New York city in 1878. It was a little bit of a thing about as big as a 
gallon jug. 

"In 1874 we began selling the most of our butter to Simpson, Mclntyre and 
Company of Boston, Massachusetts, and when we began the creamery business 
we sold the most of our product to the same firm. In 1879, we sold to Simpson, 
Mclntyre & Co., a half interest in the creamery business, and from that time, 
the Boston firm had the sale and disposal of all the products of the creameries. 

"The Diamond was the first creamery in the west to pack butter in tin 
cans, large quantities of which were sold to the United States government. The 
brand of butter in an early date became known all over the world and estab- 
lished for itself a reputation for fine butter. We built and operated creameries 
in the townships of Wayne, Scotch Grove, Castle Grove and Richland, and we 
had three in Linn county. In all of these creameries the cream was churned and 
the butter delivered at the home creamery at Monticello. At the time I sold my 
interest in 1884, we were operating ten or twelve creameries. At the Interna- 
tional Dairy Fair, held in New York city in 1878, the Diamond Creamery was 
awarded sweepstakes prize for the best butter made at any time or place, and also 
received first prize for Iowa Creamery. Again in December, 1879, at the Dairy 
Fair in New York, Diamond was awarded the two first prizes for keeping quali- 
ties for butter made in June and September ; also for butter salted with Higgins' 
Eureka Salt. 



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92 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

"For the first ten or fifteen years that I shipped butter to the eastern mar- 
kets, I was obliged to suffer a depreciation or discrepancy of two or three dol- 
lars a hundred, in price on the same quality of butter compared with eastern, 
because it was from the west. But the time came when we swept that distinction 
out of existence, and Jones county in an early day did her full share to bring 
credit and honor to the dairy industry of the state of Iowa. 

"It is a fact worthy of note, that at the exhibits at Philadelphia in 1876, and 
also at the dairy fairs in New York city in 1878-79, in all of the universal cases 
when butter east and ^est could compete, in every individual case, the first prize 
came west of Chicago, and the fact was fully established that good butter could 
be produced in the west." 

ODDS AND ENDS. 

M. E. APPOINTMENTS BY CONFERENCE IN 1874. 

Anamosa, J. B. Casebeer ; Wyoming, H. H. Green ; Johnson, W. N. Chaflfee ; 
Larigworthy, C. A. Hawn; Monticello, Thomas Thompson; Monmouth, W. B. 
Milner ; Cascade, supplied by C. F. Bentley ; Maquoketa, G. R. Manning. 

PETIT JUEORS, DECEMBER, . 1867. 

Cass, O. B. Doyle ; Qay, John Palmer ; Fairview, T. E. Belknap, Chas. Lewis ; 
Greenfield, J. W. Arnold, H. D. Keller; Hale, Philip Bramer, Jasper Dalby; 
Jackson, Isaac Hay; Madiscm, David H. Sherrill; Monticello, Joseph Qark; 
Rome, Jonathan Easterly; Richland, Otis Whittemore; Scotch Grove, John E 
Lovejoy; Wayne, Joseph Garrett; Washington, B. H. Leonard; Wyoming, 
O. J. Bill, E. M. Franks. 

MONTICELLO MARKETS, JUNE 20, 1 867. 

Gold $ 1.30 Beans 3.00 

Flour 13.00 Butter 10 

Spring wheat 1.25 Cheese 15 

Oats 45 Lard 08 

Com, ear 70 Live hogs $3.50 to $4.00 

Rye 65 Cattle 4.00 to 5.50 

Barley 60 Wood, per conl 4.00 to 5.00 

Potatoes 1.25 Wool 20 to 40 

WYOMING MARKETS^ OCTOBER I, I909. 

Flour $6.40 Lard 15 

Com 75 Barley 45 

Potatoes 60 Oats $35*0 .4Q 

Butter, dairy 27 Hogs 7.00 to 7.25 

Butter, creamery 32 Cattle 400 to 7.00 

Eggs 25 Wood, cord 5.00 to 6.00 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 93 

ABSTRACT OF REAL AND PERSONAL fROPERTY, 1867. 

Acres of land, 353,740, value $2,510,212.00 

Town property 295,389.00 

Meat cattle, 15,782, value 221,098.00 

Horses, 7,293, value 369»332«> 

Mules and Asses, 133, value 10,890.00 

Sheep, 22,044, value 44,199.00 

Swine, 23,338, value 48,222.00 

Vehicles, 2,534, value 84,675.00 

Merchandise 1 13,262.00 

Moneys and credits 172,352.00 

Taxable household goods 1,590.00 

Corporation stock 40.00 

Farming utensils 10,687.00 

Other taxable prcq)erty 34>6o5.oo 

Total personal 1,143,298.00 

Total property $3,970,118.00 

SCHOOL CENSUS, AND SCHOOL FUND APPORTIONMENT, APRIL, 1867. 

Anamosa 598 children 

Castle Grove 262 children 

Clay 393 children 

Cass 254 children 

Fairview 497 children 

Greenfield 386 children 

Hale 316 children 

Jackson 329 children 

Monticello 784 children 

Madison 274 children 

Oxford 303 children 

Rome 408 children 

Richland 323 children 

Scotch Grove 356 children 

Washington 420 children 

Wayne 330 children 

Wyoming 576 children 

Total children 6,809 

Total sum apportioned, $5,991.92 or 88 cents per scholar. 

STATUS OF AIR SHIP NAVIGATION IN AUGUST, I909. 

Ere another decade shall have passed, navigation by means of an air ship, 
no doubt will have been successfully accomplished, and will no longer be an 
experiment. In the development of this means of transportation, it will be 



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94 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

interesting to know just what $tage was reached in 1909. The people of Iowa 
are giving the matter more or less attention from the fact that Orville Wright 
and Wilbur Wright who have been leaders this year in aerial flights, were for- 
merly residents of this state. On July 25, 1909, Monsieur Louis Bleriot in his 
monoplane made a successful flight across the English Channel between Calais 
and Dover a distance of twenty-one miles in twenty-three minutes. This fact 
was given considerable attention as an accomplishment and fixed public atten- 
tion throughout the civilized world upon the air ship as a practical passenger 
conveyance to a degree which no other event in the history of aeronautics has 
succeeded in doing. 

On the same day the Wright brothers' aeroplane, driven by Orville Wright, 
and carrying a passenger, made a world's record for duration of flight by a heavier- 
than-air machine carrying a driver and passenger. The Wright aeroplane flew 
one hour^ twelve minutes and forty seconds, beating the time made under similar 
conditions by his brother Wilbur Wright, in France, in August, 1908. Wilbur 
Wright, in France, in January, 1909, without a passenger, remained in the air 
two hours, eighteen minutes and thirty seconds, and covered a distance of about 
seventy miles. 

The Outlook in the edition of August 7, 1909, gives a general description of 
the air ships of the present day, which we give herewith as a means of preserving 
for readers of the future, the information being interesting reading at this 
date. 

'The air ships of the present day may be divided into two general classes — 
the dirigible or lighter-than-air machine, and the aeroplane or heavier-than-air 
machine ; aeroplanes are again classified in two types — the biplane and the mono- 
plane. Count Zeppelin, of Germany, is perfecting the dirigible, Bleriot the 
monoplane and the Wright Brothers the biplane. In sea terms, the dirigible 
may be roughly compared to the sub-marine boat, the monoplane to the sloop 
and the biplane to the schooner. The dirigible is not a flying machine in any 
sense, although that term may be applied more reasonably to the aeroplane. 
The Zeppelin dirigible, or air ship floats in the air, supported by from a dozen to 
twenty air and gas tight apartments filled with hydrogen, which is lighter than 
air, just as the sub-marine floats in the water supported by water and air-tight 
compartments, filled with atmosphere, which is lighter than water; it is moved 
forward by rapidly revolving propellers, which act upon the surrounding air 
just as the sub-marine's propellers act upon the surrounding water. It is a 
veritable air ship. The aeroplane, on the contrary, flics as the boy's kite flies; 
the kite will not rise of itself, nor will it stay aloft if the kite string is cut; it 
flies only when the boy pulls it against the resisting air which presses upon its 
surfaces. So the aeroplane will not rise of itself ; it must get a start by rolling 
down an incline, when the revolving propellers begin to push its great double or 
single surface against the air as the boy's kite-string pulls the kite against the 
resisting air. When the motor stops, the aeroplane falls as the kite falls when the 
string is cut. To start it again somebody or some mechanical ccMitrivance must 
run with it, as the boy runs with his kite before playing out the string which con- 
nects his motor arm with the flying toy. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 95 

"The advantages of the air ship over the aeroplane as a practical convey- 
ance are thus seen at a glance. In their present stage of development the aero- 
plane of the Wright or Bleriot type is the more picturesque and romantic, the 
air ship of the Zeppelin school is the more utilitarian, although it would be 
folly to assert what may or may not be accomplished in the future in the develop- 
ment of the aeroplane along utilitarian lines. Flying in an air ship today is 
like swimming without a life preserver — 3l graceful and adventurous accom- 
plishment. 

*' Aerial navigation is no longer a matter of mere speculation, like the ques- 
tion of the habitability of the planet Mars ; the air is actually being navigated. 
There remain now only the amplification of methods and machinery already 
demonstrated to be practicable." 

THE NORTH POLE. 

After centuries of speculation, and decades of effort, the most northern point 
of Mother Earth has been reached, and to America comes the glory of the 
achievement. Early in September, 1909, the announcement was made that Dr. 
Frederick A. Cook, of Brooklyn, accompanied by two Eskimos, had on April 
21, 1908. stood, in the midst of a waste of ice, at the point where all directions 
are south, where latitude reaches a maximum, where longitude vanishes, where 
the magnetic needle is reversed, and the North Star is in the zenith. Five days 
later, another message thrilled the world that Commander Robert E. Peary had 
also reached this coveted point of the earth's surface on April 6, 1909, after 
t\venty-three years of effort. A controversy at once arose, principally on the 
part of Peary who claimed that Cook's story should not be taken too seriously, 
and this controversy continues to grow, with I>r. Cook the popular favorite. 
This discovery is the most important geographical event of years. 

REPUBLICAN CONVENTION IN 1868. 

The Republican county convention was held in the schoolhouse at Wyoming, 
August 22, 1868. John McKean called the convention to order and John Tasker 
was elected chairman and T. E. Booth, secretary. The committee on creden- 
tials consisted of Robert Dott, M. M. Moulton and J. A. Bronson. On per- 
manent organization. Major S. S. Farwell, J. D. Walworth and Emerson Brown. 
Adjourned. 

On assembling of the convention the credentials committee reported the 
following townships and delegates : 

Cass. — Carso Crane, Lyman Guilford and E. M. Condi t. 

Castle Grove. — William M. Starr. 

C/ay.— John Russell, M. C. Walters, J. McDaniel, N. B. Noyes, E. E. Brown. 

Fainnew. — H. C. Metcalf, J. D. Walworth, E. B. Alderman, G. D. McKay, 
C. L Niles, J. L. Myers, Robert Dott, T. E. Booth, C. H. Lull, John McKean, 
Chauncey French, E. M. Harvey, W. M. Skinner. 

Greenfield. — Samuel Shields, J. B. J. Porter, Isaac H. Ford, F. H. Myrick. 

Hale. — A. J. Dalby, J. H. Evans, D. Grarrison. 



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96 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Jackson.— U, H. Monroe, S. E. Bills, D. B. Bills. 

Madison,— A. G. Pangbum, D. H. Sherrill, Robert Somerby, J. Bender, 
M. O. Felton. 

Monticello.—M^jor S. S. Farwell, S. M. Yoran, G. D. Bradley, M. M. Moul- 
ton, James Davidson, S. R. Howard, M. W. Herrick, H. H. Starks, A. H. Mar- 
vin, Colonel J. O. Duer. 

Oxford.— A. A. Reilly, G. W. Lathrop, H. S. Rising. 

Richland.— J. R. Stillman, J. E. Harkness, Cyrus Whittemore. 

Rome.—E. White, D. E. Rummel, Thomas Easterly, C. Hazlett, J. Stewart, 
Charles Klise. 

Scotch Grove.— J. S. Fuller, S. H. Qark, Adam Sutherland, John Filson, 
J. E. Holmes, M. Blodgett. 

I^ayw^.— J. C. Ramsey, P. G. Bonewitz, J. G. Dawson, A. Nash, Joseph Gaut, 
J. Cameron, A. Aitchison. 

Wyoming.— F. T. Woodyard, S. Cobum, J. T. Miller, Thomas Green, John 
Tasker, D. L. Blakeslee, J. A. Bronson, S. Hamilton. 

Following the adoption of the report, Mr. J. C. Dietz was nominated by a 
unanimous ballot for the office of county clerk. 

On the vote for recorder Lieutenant Richard McDaniel received sixty-five 
votes and Morgan Bumgardner eighteen, and on motion of Mr. Bronson the 
nomination of Mr. McDaniel was made unanimous. 

The county central committee was appointed as follows: J. C. Dietz, John 
E. Lovejoy, William H. Holmes, P. G. Bonewitz, M. M. Moulton. 

JONES COUNTY MEDICAL SOCIETY. 

The Jones County Medical Society was organized at Anamosa, September 
30, 1903. The meeting was called to order by Dr. G. E. Crawford, of Cedar 
Rapids, councillor of the State Medical Society for the fifth district. A con- 
stitution and by-laws were adopted in conformity to the requirements of the 
state society. 

The officers elected were: president, W. R. Brock of Olin; vice-president, 
T. C. Gorman of Anamosa; secretary, Harry W. Sig^vorth of Anamosa; treas- 
urer, L. K. Bobo of Oxford Junction ; delegate to the state meeting, A. G. Hejinian 
of Anamosa; board of censors: F. W. Port of Olin, George Inglis and W. W. 
Hunter of Monticello. 

The county society meets semi-annually at which the necessary business is 
transacted, and a program of papers and clinics is carried out. The physicians 
derive much valuable assistance by these conferences on medical topics of local 
and general interest. 

The present officers are: president, L. K. Bobo of Oxford Junction; vice- 
president, J. G. Thomas of Monticello; secretary and treasurer, J. E. King of 
Anamosa; board of censors, Aileen B. Corbit of Wyoming, W. B. Brock of 
Olin and W. W. Hunter of Monticello ; delegate to the state society, L. K. Bobo 
of Oxford Junction. 

All of the physicians of Jones county, with only a few exceptions arc mem- 
bers of the county society. The board of supervisors of the county has at diflFerent 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 97 

times contracted with the county medical society for medical aid for the poor 
of the coimty. The present county medical society is not the first of the kind or 
name organized in the county. In casually looking through the files of The 
Anamosa Eureka, we find that a similar society was organized prior to 1875, 
and that regular meetings were held as now by the present society. 

Among the names of the members of this former society we find : Dr. L. J. 
Adair, Dr. W. W. Stoddard, Dr. Carlisle, Dr. Alden, Dr. Phillips, Dr. Johnson, 
Dr. Hurst. Dr. Paul, Dr. M. H. Calkins and Dr. Joslin. Dr. Alden was presi- 
dent in 1875 and Dr. Hurst, secretary. The members of the present medical 
society of 1909 are : W. B. Brock, J. A. White and F. W. Port of Olin ; B. H. 
Chamberlain, Aileen B. Corbit and R. H. Spence of Wyoming; E. H. Knittlc 
of Onslow ; J. G. Weinland of Martelle ; J. M. Young and T. B. Kent of Center 
Junction; J. E. King, H. W. Sigworth, F. B. Sigworth, T. C. Gorman, F. S. 
Druet, A. G. Hejinian of Anamosa; L. K. Bobo and J. E. Davies of Oxford Junc- 
tion ; W. W. Hunter, George Inglis, J. E. Gilmore, F. Puleston, W. A. Miridc, 
J. G. Thomas, T. M. Redmond, Louis G.Stuhler of Monticello. 

THE JONES COUNTY FARMERS' INSTITUTE. 

It is perfectly natural in an agricultural community that the tillers of the soil 
and the raisers of stock, "the hewers of wood and the drawers of water," should 
organize for mutual benefit; that the farmers should meet, compare notes on 
methods as well as on ways and means, and thereby enrich their storehouse of 
useful information. The earliest inhabitants and the best citizens of Jones county 
have been farmers, with the natural instinct to earn their bread by the sweat of 
their brows ; to raise com to feed hogs to buy more land to raise more corn to feed 
more hogs to buy more land, etc. But added to the natural instinct to till the 
soil, was another element, namely, the desire to keep abreast of the best informa- 
tion obtainable, for the care of stock, the treatment of the soil, the building of 
good roads, the development of the dairy industry, the conservation of the for- 
est, the retention of moisture in the soil, how to interest the boys on the farm, 
the happiness of home life and country home entertainment, and kindred topics. 

The meetings of the farmers have been informal. The date of the first meet- 
ing does not appear to be a matter of record. It may suffice to know that such 
meetings were held and the subjects discussed with a remarkable degree of in- 
telligence. A temporary organization would be effected and the regular meet- 
ings be held during the winter and perhaps then a year or two would pass with- 
out a meeting. 

The last organization of the County Institute was at the meeting held in 
Onslow in February, 1893. This, in fact, was simply a re-organization; Among 
the names of the farmers who were actively interested in the welfare of the 
organization we find R. A. Rynerson, A. G. Brown, S. L. Gilbert, Rv A. Norton, 
F. J. Sokol, E. E. Brown, W. C. Monroe, Stephen Walsworth, H. D. Smith, 
J. B. Lyon, M. H. Morse, J. W. Morse, Frank Tasker, Hon. John Russell, H. H. 
Monroe, M. O. Felton, R. A. Inglis, J. A. Mallicoat, R. G. Lyans, Jerry Wood- 
yard, Ben Hoyt and others. 



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98 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

No meeting of the County Farmers' Institute has been held for several years. 
This may be accounted for in several ways. The establishment of the rural 
mail delivery daily, and the publication of good farm papers, as well as a highly 
developed intelligence of agricultural topics, have, in part, satisfied the long- 
ing to meet in convention and discuss the subjects given at length in the farm 
journals, and read and thought over by the farmer in his home on the long win- 
ter evenings. Perhaps another reason for not holding the annual meetings, 
is that the scarcity of help on the farm, keeps the farmer at home. The last few 
meetings that were held revealed to the observer the fact that the attendance 
was largely from the community adjoining the place where the institute was held. 
It was difficult to get the farmers to attend from a distance. W. C. Monroe, a 
resident and farmer of Cass township, we believe, has attended every meeting 
of the farmer's institute held in Jones county. The printed record of the pro- 
ceedings, is readable as general reading matter, and is a source of considerable 
information along agricultural lines. A number of agricultural authorities of 
prominence have addressed the institute in recent years Among the number were 
Hon. James Wilson, the present secretary of agriculture, Hon. J. R. Sage, Henry 
Wallace of Des Moines, President WiUiam Beardshear of Ames, and others. 

THE JONES COUNTY SUNDAY SCHOOL ASSOCIATION. 

No continuous record has been kept of the proceedings of the county Sunday 
School Association, and for that reason it has been difficult to secure any of 
those interesting details which are usually connected with the origin of such 
societies. The most that can be said is that this association of Sunday-school 
workers was organized in 1866. 

In the pioneer days of Jones county, the early settlers were not unmindful 
of the necessity of religious training of children, and of the necessity of the 
development of the religious nature of mankind. Unlike the Pilgrims and the 
pioneers in colonial settlements, our pioneers were not driven to the new country 
through religious oppression but nevertheless, the communion with nature in its 
original state, as found by these pioneers, brought to them a sense of helpless- 
ness and a desire to keep in touch with some higher power, which is in its es- 
sence, the development of the religious nature of man. Readers of this history 
will be impressed with the fact that the place and time of the first preaching serv- 
ices or the first Sunday school, as given by the early settlers, has been noted by 
the historian in many cases. 

The time or place of the first Sunday school in the county cannot be d^ 
termined. On the "Sabbath day, as was their custom," the families would devote 
some time to religious study or conversation. Whether as an impromptu gather- 
ing, or as a formal meeting, it could be called a Sunday school. When churches 
were erected, a Sunday school was a part of the Sabbath exercises. As stated, 
it is impossible to give any of the details of the first organization. The meet- 
ings were held annually at different points of the county, and in many cases very 
interesting and profitable sessions were held. To name the various officers, 
would be to give the names of the best citizens of the county. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 99 

The forty-third annual convention of the Jones County Sunday School Asso- 
ciation was held at Wyoming, April 19th and 20th, 1909. The new officers 
elected were: president, Rev. M. McGlashing of Morley; first vice-president, 
Rev. H. E. Wilcox of Wyoming ; second vice-president, A. O. Zones of Morley ; 
secretary and treasurer, Miss Jean Atkinson of Anamosa. 

Executive committee: J. A. Doutrick of Monticello; Samuel Ellison of Mar- 
telle; I. H. Brasted of Anamosa; Rev. S. B. McClelland of Onslow; John Wurg- 
bacher of Morley; Mrs. Jennie Newman of Martelle. Department secretaries: 
Home, Miss Nettie Chadwick, Anamosa; normal. Miss Harriet Cunningham of 
Anamosa; house to house, Mrs. Alice Young, Center Junction; primary, Miss 
Luella Gibson of Monticello; missionary, Mrs. T. G. Richardson of Wyoming; 
teacher training. Mrs. Jennie Newman of Martelle; international bible reading, 
Mrs. Port of Olin; adult. Rev. H. F. Dorcas of Center Junction. The dele- 
gates to the state convention in Des Moines in June, 1909, were: Mrs. C. E. 
McDaniel, Mrs. J. B. Lyon and Miss Jean Atkinson. 

JONES COUNTY GOOD ROADS ASSOCIATION. 

This association, having for its object the improvement of the country roads 
and the encourjagement of more careful driving thereon, was organized at Ana- 
mosa in August, 1909. The members of the association are owners of auto- 
mobiles who have realized that some organized effort was required in order to 
insure the best welfare of all. 

The object of the association can best be explained by quoting Article II., 
of the constitution: 

Section i. Its object shall be to enlist the cooperation of all persons who 
have an interest in improving the roads of the county and to institute a good 
roads campaign. 

Section 2. To erect signs showing direct routes between the various towns 
in the county, also indicating dangerous railroad crossings, etc. 

Section 3. To suppress excessive speed and reckless driving and to aid in 
the prosecution of all violators of the state automobile law, and to promote 
common road courtesy between drivers of all kinds of vehicles. 

Section 4. To cooperate with the township trustees of all the townships of 
the county in an endeavor to secure effective enforcement of the road law, 
passed by the last session of the legislature 

The officers and vice-presidents of the association are: president, J. H. Gild- 
ner; secretary, George L. Schoonover; vice-presidents: W. A. Hales, Cass; Rev. 
S. M. Murphy, Castle Grove ; E. A. Osborne, Fairview ; C. S, Peet, Greenfield ; 
Nick Carson, Hale ; W. G. Ristine, Jackson ; J. S. Hall, Lovell ; R. E. Story, Madi- 
son; C. E. Leffingwell, Oxford; Miles F. Miles, Rome; George Schoon, Wayne; 
W G. Krouse, Wyoming. 

JONES COUNTY OLD SETTLERS' ASSOCIATION. 

The old settlers of Jones county have at various times formed an organiza- 
tion for mutual exchange of experiences and to cement the tie of common inter- 



99043B 

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100 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

est which so closely bound them in friendship's embrace. The pioneers have 
had many things in common, and it has been the most natural thing in the world 
for them to find pleasure in relating their individual experiences. 

The first organization of which we find any record was on April 4, 1866, 
when, according to previous announcement, the old settlers of the county assem- 
bled in the city hall, Anamosa. The meeting was organized by appointing Dr. 
N. G. Sales, chairman. Dr. S. G. Matson was chosen secretary, and T. E. Booth, 
assistant secretary. The object of the meeting was stated by Otis Whittemore. 
On motion, a committee of three was appointed to draft a constitution and by-laws 
for the government of the association, towit: C. T. Lamson, Dr. S. G. Matson 
..nd Otis Whittemore. While the committee was out formulating their docu- 
ment, John Merritt, that stanch and respected pioneer of Rome, being called 
upon, gave a brief history of his early life. He came to Jones county in January, 
1837. I^ the June following, he selected a claim near Rome, now Olin. He 
afterward returned to New York, and in 1839, again started west, by water, 
bringing his family with him. He arrived near where Qinton now is, and had 
not a dollar in his pocket. Those who were acquainted with Mr. Merritt will 
appreciate the contrast in his financial affairs at that time and later in his life- 
time, when the broad acres of which he held title in Rome, spoke of the comforts 
and pleasures which were his to enjoy. After much trouble and delay, he suc- 
ceeded in reaching his claim, where he, like many others of the pioneers of the 
county, by perseverance and frugal industry, attained wealth and the comforts 
which an abundance of means bring for old age. 

At the conclusion of the remarks by Mr. Merritt, the committee reported a 
constitution and by-laws for a permanent organization, and the following officers 
were chosen for the ensuing term : president, S. G. Matson ; vice-president, Otis 
Whittemore; secretary, J. D. Walworth; treasurer, C. T. Lamson; vice-presidents 
at large — John Powell, Cass ; Joseph A. Secrest, Fairview ; E. V. Miller, Green- 
field; L. A. Simpson, Hale; Thomas J. Peak, Monticello; Timothy Stivers, 
Rome; Barrett Whittemore, Richland; John E. Lovejov, Scotch Grove; Thomas 
McNally, Washington ; Daniel Soper, Wayne ; Thomas Green, Wyoming. 

The following named persons were present at the meeting: N. G. Sales, 
S. G. Matson, John Merritt, Henry Koffitz, J. Clark, E. E. Brown, B. Chaplin, 
D. Graham, Otis Whittemore, G. H. Ford, J. Hutton, N. B. Homan, H. Booth, 
I. Fisher, W. W. Hollenbeck, J. D. Walworth, C. T. Lamson, S. F. Glenn, A. 
Sutherland, J. E. Lovejoy, G. L. Yount, S. Kelly, G. Brown, H. C. Metcalf, J. 
Powell, E. Booth, Benjamin L. Matson, J. Graham, T. E. Booth, H. Hollenbeck. 
C. W. Hollenbeck, B. Brown. 

Another meeting was not held until September 2, 1875. At that time the 
old settlers of the county met in the observatory of the exhibition hall on the 
fair ground to the number of twenty. 

Short remarks were made by Otis Whittemore, John Russell, A. H. Marvin, 
R. A. Rynerson, Timothy Stivers and John McKean. On motion of R. A. 
Rynerson, the secretary was instructed to procure the books and the funds of 
the old organization from J. D. Walworth, the former secretary, then residing 
at Boston, Mass. On motion of A. G. Pan^burn, it was decided to appoint an 
executive committee consisting of Otis Whittemore, John Russell, A. H. Mar- 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 101 

vin, R. A. Rynerson and M. M. Moulton to draft a constitution and by-laws for 
the society and to report at the next meeting. The president gave notice that 
there would be a meeting of the committee at Moulton's office on Saturday after- 
noon, September the i8th. On motion of Judge McKean, the meeting adjourned 
subject to the call of the president, Otis Whittemore, for a permanent organiza- 
tion. M. M. Moulton was secretary. 

The names of those present, the state of their nativity and the year they 
came to Iowa, were : Barrett Whittemore, New Hampshire, 1837 ; Edmund Booth, 
Massachusetts, 1839; Thomas Green, Indiana, 1840; Timothy Stivers, New 
York, 1840; R. J. Cleaveland, Massachusetts, 1841 : William Brazelton, Illinois, 
1842; E. V. Miller, Ohio, 1843; Otis Whittemore, New Hampshire, 1843; Wil- 
liam Cline, New York, 1844; Elijah Pangburn, New York, 1845 ; R. A. Rynerson, 
Kentucky, 1845; John Young, England, 1848; A. D. KJine, Virginia, 1849; Rich- 
ard H. Simpson, Illinois, 1849; J- C. Austin, Vermont, 1850; John Russell, 
Scotland, 1852; S. S. Farwell, Ohio, 1852; John White, Pennsylvania, 1852; 
David Ralston, Virginia, 1853; M. M. Moulton, New Hampshire. 1854; John 
McKean, Pennsylvania, 1854; Robert Dott, Scotland, 1854; Dr. T. E. Mellett, 
Indiana, 1855; A. G. Pangburn, New York, 1855; A. H. Marvin, New York, 
1855; John Clark, Pennsylvania, 1855. 

On January 15, 1886, the Jones County Old Settlers* Association was re- 
organized at a meeting held at Wyoming. J. S. Stacy was elected president; 
T. E. Booth, secretary and L. Schoonover, treasurer The several township 
vice presidents were: Cass, A. L. Fairbanks; Castle Grove, J. A. McLaughlin; 
Qay, John Russell; Fairview, B. F. Shaw; Greenfield. E. V. Miller; Hale, A. 
J. Dalby; Jackson, Cabel Belknap; Madison, M. O. Felton; Monticello, Frank 
Hicks; Oxford, A. Curttright; Richland, Robert Snowden; Rome, John Mer- 
ritt; Scotch Grove, John Sutherland; Washington, M. Kenney; Wayne, D. 
Loper ; Wyoming, J. A. Bronson. The following executive committee was ap- 
pointed at this meeting : A. G. Brown, George Sutherland, W. C. Monroe, William 
Brazelton, Timothy Stivers, John Tasker, Julius Carter. 

The next meeting of the Jones County Old Settlers' Association we find in 
connection with the Jones County Farmers' Institute which was held at Onslow 
in January, 1893. 0"^ afternoon of the institute program was given over to the 
old settlers. R. A. Rynerson was chairman of the meeting and delivered a 
short address. President W. M. Beardshear, of the State Agricultural College 
at Ames, who had been present during the institute, delivered an address which 
sparkled with the clearness and thoughtfulness for which the gifted speaker 
was noted. Other informal speakers during the afternoon were: A. G. Brown, 
1 . E. Booth, E. E. Brown, M. O. Felton, S. L. Gilbert, John Overley, John Paul, 
H. F. Paul, W. C. Monroe, Stephen Walsworth, Mrs. C. E. McDaniel, Thomas 
Silsbee, H. D. Smith, S. S. Farwell, J. B. Lyon, H. H. Monroe and others. 

Hon. S. S. Farwell of Monticello was elected president, A. G. Brown of 
Wyoming, vice-president, and T. E. Booth, secretary and treasurer. A committee 
consisting of S. S. Farwell, R. A. R)merson, A. G. Brown and T. E. Booth, was 
appointed to draft a constitution and by-laws, make out a program and fix the 
time for the next meeting. 



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102 HISTORY OF JONES COUxNTY 

Informal gatherings of the old settlers have been held at various times in 
different parts of the county since the last recorded meeting. It is safe to say 
that these informal gatherings have been a veritable love feast to the pioneers 
as they have related incidents out of their own individual experience. One of 
these notable gatherings was at Wyoming in August, 1905, when the celebration 
of the semi-centennial settlement of the town brought together once more from 
almost every state in the Union and from every township in the county, hundreds 
of the old pioneers, to live once more in the rich and fruitful experiences of the 
past. Another similar informal meeting was held during fair week in August, 
1909, at Anamosa, when the city was filled with the old settlers who had re- 
turned for the home-coming week and its pleasures and festivities. 

The real old settler, the genuine pioneers of Jones county, are now numbered. 
The rugged constitution, the hearty frame, now ripe in years, can not stand in the 
balance when Father Time reaps his annual harvest. To these pioneers the pres- 
ent generation owes a debt of gratitude for their heritage of prosperity, citizenship 
and personal character, which nothing but appreciation can repay. 

LYNCH LAW AND THE VIGILANCE COMMITTEE. 

It may not be with any degree of pride that this history must record the 
fact that in an early day lynch law was brought into executicM* in Jones county. 
It was in the early part of the month of December, 1857, that Hiram Roberts, 
a reputed thief, counterfeiter and desperado fell into the hands of the vigil- 
ance committee, about four hundred strong, near Red Oak Grove, in Cedar 
county. Roberts was brought into Walnut Fork, now Olin, in Jones county, 
tried by the committee, found guilty and forced to pay the penalty without the 
formality of a judge and jury of his peers. 

A company of people had gathered at George Saum*s house to consider what 
was best to be done. The Tipton Vigilance Committee and the Walnut Grove 
Vigilance Committee had matters in charge, though the Tipton committee took 
the lead in the execution. While Ben Freeman had gathered the company back 
of the barn and in stentorian tones was declaring what he thought was best to 
be done to rid the country of these desperadoes, the Tipton committee smuggled 
Roberts out of the house and in a few moments Hiram Roberts was looking up 
a straight rope in the bam. He was soon taken down and borne back into the 
timber and strung up to a stout limb. This tree yet stands. The next day the 
limp and lifeless body was found by a brother of deceased and Wesley South- 
wick who had been induced to help search for the body. The Ijody of this 
counterfeiter now lies in the Olin Cemetery. 

In connection with the burial of the body of Roberts in the Olin Cemetery, 
it is said that at the time the Cemetery Association was organized, Roberts, 
among others was asked to contribute, which he did to the amount of five dol- 
lars. When it came to his burial in the cemetery, objection was made to having 
the body of such a man buried on the sacred ground. Mr. Easterly who had 
secured Roberts subscription, raised the point that if Roberts' money was good 
enough to aid the cemetery, the cemetery was none too good as a resting place 
for the body, and this argument prevailed. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 103 

Another instance is related where two boys narrowly escaped lynching. Some 
horses had been stolen, and the guilty parties were captured. At the conference 
of the vigilance committee, the guilt of the parties apprehended was established 
to the satisfaction of the committee. The two boys were brought in. A line was 
drawn across the floor, and the committee were to vote on the question of lynch- 
ing. All who are in favor of lynching, step over the line, was asked, and every 
man of the committee stepped over the line. The two boys then wilted com^ 
pletely and begged for mercy, which was shown them. They were given their 
freedom under their solemn pledge to refrain from evil. The children of these 
two boys are now living in the southern part of the county and are highly re- 
spected people. 

At another time a meeting had been called at the Olin schoolhouse to organize 
an anti-horse thief association. The horse thieves were present in such numbers 
that the proposition was voted down by a safe majority. 

In the early days, severe measures were almost a necessity to the end that 
justice might be secured. Juries feared to condemn men whom they believed 
guilty, lest they might suffer in loss of life or property. This seemed to justify 
the vigilance committtce's actions. 

THE COUNTY FARM. 

The county farm, located in secticMi 36 of Wayne township, was origfinally 
deeded to Jones county for courthouse purposes, the deed being signed by Presi- 
dent Buchanan. There has been no change in the title to the original grant made 
in June, 1840. When the county seat was changed from Edinburgh, the county 
commissioners retained the grant for the establishment of a county poor farm. 
This grant with the subsequent additions, comprising approximately three hun- 
dred acres of improved land besides over thirty acres of timber land in section 
9 in Scotch Grove township, now constitutes what is popularly known as the 
County Home. 

Jones county has always exercised a liberal policy with its unfortunate poor, 
and the inmates have uniformly been treated with kindness and courtesy. While 
the policy of the county has always been to decline to furnish a comfortable re- 
treat for all the lazy, able-bodied, willingly dependent applicants for its charities, 
nevertheless, the treatment of those who have been obliged to seek shelter and 
aid, has been considerate and himiane. 

The number of inmates has increased with the population of the county. 
Where thirty years ago, the average attendance was about twenty, the average 
attendance now is about thirty. The annual report of the steward January i, 
1909, was as follows, as to the number of inmates : 

Males. Females. Total. 

Niunber of inmates January i, 1908 23 12 35 

Received since January i, 1908 5 3 8 

Died during year I 2 3 

Discharged during year 6 3 9 

Inmates January i, 1909 21 10 31 



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104 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

The first steward of the county farm, was O. B. Doyle. Among the number 
who have been steward since have been mentioned, T. Hartman, John Platncr, 
S, H. Clark, Andrew McDonald, 1885; Lee Peet, 1893; T. A, King, the present 
efficient and kind-hearted steward and manager began his duties in the early part 
of the year 1906. No complaints have ever been made by the inmates of harsh or 
unkind treatment during the stewardship of Mr. King and his industrious and 
large-hearted wife. Everything in and about the county home is kept neat, tidy, 
comfortable and sanitary. The building is old, and in fact not suited for the pur- 
pose, but with the material at hand, a good account is given by the steward. There 
are accommodation for about fifty inmates, if necessary. During the past year 
or two, a fire escape has been placed on the building, the inmates department has 
been repaired and improved generally at an expense of about one thousand, two 
hundred dollars. Four hundred feet of six-inch sewer has been constructed, a 
toilet and bath room has been added, and an effort made to make the home more 
sanitary and comfortable. 

At the present time there is some agitation toward the erection of a more mod- 
em home, and strong arguments have been made favorable to this proposition. 
The board of supervisors has been making some investigations in contemplation 
of some action being taken, and no doubt ere many moons, the citizens of this 
county will be given an opportunity, in a special election, to voice their will on 
this question. , 

The last annual report of the steward contains so much of general interest in 
regard to the products raised on the county farm, and the amoimt of property 
used and on hand, that we give it in full. 

LIVE STOCK AND PROVISIONS ON HAND, JANUARY I, I909. 

6 horses $ 800 CX) 

65 head of cattle 1,950.00 

42 head of swine 258.00 

150 chickens 52«oo 

100 tons hay 550.00 

1,000 bushels corn 550.00 

150 bushels oats 65.00 

160 bushels potatoes 100.00 

10 bushels onions 12.00 

10 bushels carrots 5-^^ 

Cabbage and kraut I5-00 

20 bushels parsnips 5-^^ 

2 barrels pork 42.00 

I barrel beef 16.50 

60 pounds tea 1640 

Tobacco 11.00 

Clothing, new and unmade 4S-00 

Machinery 695.00 

Flour 10.00 

Syrup 1500 

Coal .j^ 1 7500 

Total value on hand $S>387-90 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 105 

PROVISIONS USED AND SOLD DURING I908. 

12 hogs butchered $ 180.00 

I beef butchered 40.00 

3 cows sold 170.00 

II steers and heifers 67746 

5 1 hogs sold 725.89 

Qiickens and eggs used 130.00 

Milk and butter used 296.00 

Milk and butter sold 178.04 

Total $2,396.93 

In addition to the provisions which were raised and used on the county farm 
during the year 1908, the county auditor's report of expenses during the same per- 
iod, shows the poor farm expenses to be three thousand, six hundred and thirty- 
three dollars and forty-three cents. From the same report it is learned that the ex- 
penses of the poor outside of the poor farm have been five thousand, five hun- 
dred and seventy-four dollars and nine cents, during the same period, making the 
total expenditure for the poor in addition to the provisions raised and used on the 
farm, nine thousand, two hundred and seven dollars and fifty-two cents for the 
year igo8, as against nine thousand, four hundred and seventy-four dollars and 
two cents in 1895. The county farm is managed as economically as is consistent 
with the comfort and best welfare of the inmates. 

The annual report of L. B. Peet, steward for the year 1895 showed the num- 
ber of inmates on January i, 1895 to be thirty-six, and on December 31st of the 
same year, forty- four. There were nine head of horses, thirty-two head of cattle, 
thirty-three hogs, thirty-five tons of hay, five hundred bushels of oats, two hun- 
dred and twenty bushels of potatoes, eight hundred pounds of pork, fifty tons of 
coal, four barrels of molasses. 

THE JUDICIARY. 

Jones county has not been more fortunate than her neighbors in the necessity 
of having courts of justice, where those with grievances might have their differ- 
ences adjusted, their wrongs redressed, and punishment given in full measure to 
those who have transgressed the laws of the commonwealth, and infringed on the 
personal and private rights of their fellowmen. The "Avengers of Blood" have 
never received any encouragement in Jones county. The courts have been insti- 
tuted as a civilized and modern method for the maintenance of justice and the 
enforcement of the laws of organized society, and in Jones county the sovereignty 
and supremacy of the strong arm of the law, have been uniformly respected. 

THE FIRST COURT. 

The first court in Jones county convened at Edinburg, March 22, 1841. It 
was not the occasion of a large gathering, and neither was the opening of court 
a complex ceremony. Judge Thomas S. Wilson of Dubuque, associate justice for 



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106 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

the state of Iowa, presided. The courtroom was not a forty by sixty foot room 
with a twenty foot ceiling decorated with the modern beautifying adornments, 
and neither was the "bench" one of mahogany, lined and cushioned with plush 
and silk tassels. The courtroom was in a log cabin. The record further states, 
that William H. Hutton appearing to have the required qualification, was ap- 
pointed clerk. Hugh Bowen was the sheriff. 

The grand jurors on that occasion were: Moses Collins, Thos. Dickson, Isaac 
H. Simpson, Theron Crook, Orville Cronkhite, Jos. H. Merritt, Sylvester I. Dun- 
ham, Jacob Pote, David Kulhave, A. Hostetter, John G. Joslin, Gideon H. Ford, 
Henry Booth, Calvin C. Reed, Ambrose Parsons, H. Winchell, William Qark, 
Thomas J. Peak, Benejah Beardsley, J. C. Raffety, Charles Johnson, The grand 
jury was empanelled and sworn. John G. Joslin was appointed foreman. 

The petit jurors were: F. Dalbey, Joshua Johnson, G. B. Laughlin, Barrett 
Whittemore, J. E. Greene, Daniel Vance, Richard. Cleaveland, I. Merritt, Moses 
Garrison, Alexander Staley, Jacob Cornwall, Benjamin Chaplin, J. E. Lovcjoy, 
P. H. Turner, W. H. Jones, Alvin Winchell, Harry Hargodem, O. Delong, 
Qement Russell, James Spencer, George H. Brown, Qark Joslin, Eli Brown, 
George H. Walworth. 

On the day following the grand jury made their report to the court with but 
one indictment as follows : 

Indictment for Assault to Inflict a Bodily Injury. 
A True Bill. 

UNITED STATES 

VS. 
ROBERT SNOWDEN 

At this first session of court two appeal cases came up for hearing, one, United 
States versus Robert Snowden, was dismissed, and the other, Francis Sibbals 
versus Calvin C. Reed, was continued until the next term of court in order to 
secure a more perfect transcript. The petit jury was not called. At the close of 
the second day, the court adjourned. 

The next session of the court was at Edinburg, September 27, 1841. 

The trial of Robert Snowden on the charge preferred against him in the first 
indictment found in the county, did not take place until March 28, 1842. The 
petit jurors who were sworn to well and truly determine the guilt or innocence of 
the party charged, were: David Hutton, S. Garrison. C. C. Walworth, Luther 
Reed, W. H. H. Bowen, Jos. E. Greene, John Royal, Hiram Stewart, A. Pate, 
Robert Kelso, Israel Spencer, John E. Holmes. 

It is also a tradition that as the weather happened to be warm the trial was held 
under a tree out doors and was verily a public trial. And that, when, at the dose 
of the evidence, and the case had been submitted to the twelve men for their con- 
sideration, the jury retired to a more remote tree and performed the duty required 
of them. 

The court record at this time recites that, "The jury aforesaid came into court 
and delivered the following verdict, to wit, *We the jury find the defendant not 
guilty.' " The court docket follows with the significant declaration : "It is there- 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 107 

fore considered by the court that the said defendant go hence without day, and 
that the county pay the costs of the prosecution in this cause. 

The court continued to meet twice a year, in May and in September, until 
September, 1845. The next record shows the meeting of court at Edinburg May 
24, 1847, Judge Wilson presiding. The next meeting of the court was at Lexing- 
ton, September 27, 1847. 

The first grand jurors at Lexington were: Jos. Miller, Matthias Porter, Jas. 
P. Crawford, Isaac Every, E. Sutherland, M. Flannigan, Daniel Shoemaker, John 
Tallman, T. J. Peak, S. G. Matson, John Betzer, Patrick Donahue, George Gassept, 
C C Walworth, A. Beardsley, Samuel G. Baccus, Jacob Miller, Joseph Ingraham, 
L D. M. Crockwell. Jacob Miller was foreman. 

The only indictment found by this grand jury was as follows : 

Indictment for Selling Liquor without a License, 
A True BUI 

STATE OF IOWA 

VS. 
BENJAMIN SOUTH 

The defendant appeared in court in answer to the indictment, by his attorney 
and filed a motion to quash the indictment, and upon hearing before the court, the 
indictment was ordered quashed. 

This was the beginning of the court at Lexington, afterward called Anamosa. 
The court has continued to meet at Anamosa down to the present time. 



THE COURTS. 

The County Court. The county court was established in 1851, and was 
vested with the powers previously held and exercised by the county commissioners 
or supervisors. In 1861, the office of county judge was so modified as to have 
jurisdiction only of probate matters, and the judge was also required to perform 
many of the duties now required of the county auditor. The county judges were: 
i85i-5S» Joseph Mann; 1855-57, G. C. Mudgett; 1857-58, J. J. Ruber; 1859-61, 
William H. Holmes; 1862-64, John S. Stacy; 1864-70, Davis McCarn. The of- 
fice of county judge was abolished, the act taking effect January i, 1870. 

The Circuit Court, In 1869, the business of the district court had become so 
great that a new court was created, called the circuit court. This court exercised 
general original jurisdiction concurrent with the district court in all civil actions 
and special proceedings, and exclusive jurisdiction in all appeals and writs of er- 
ror from inferior courts, tribunals, or officers, and a general supervision thereof 
in all civil matters, and to correct and prevent abuses where no other remedy is pro- 
vided. The circuit court also had original and exclusive jurisdiction of all probate 
matters. 

The judges of the circuit court have been ; 1869 to 1873, Sylvanus Yates; 1873 



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108 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

to 1881, John McKean; 1881 to January, 1887, Christian Hedges. The circuit 
court was abolished January i, 1887. 

The District Court, The district court has existed since the earliest days of 
courts. in Jones county. Thomas S. Wilson of Dubuque, was judge of the district 
which included Jones county while Iowa continued a territory, 1 841 -1846. Under 
the state government, Jones county became a part of the second district, over which 
James Grant of Scott county presided five years, beginning April 5, 1847. T. S. 
Wilson of Dubuque county, became judge in April, 1852. Jones county became a 
part of the eighth judicial district, February 9, 1853. By act of the seventh gen- 
eral assembly which took effect July 4, 1858, the eighth judicial district included 
the counties of Johnson, Iowa, Tama, Benton, Linn, Cedar and Jones. 

The judges of the district court since 1853, have been: William E. Leffingwell, 
of Clinton county, elected April 4, 1853 ; John B. Booth, of Jackson county, ap- 
pointed 1854; William H. Tuthill, of Cedar county, elected April 2, 1855 ; William 
E. Miller, elected October 12, 1858; Norman W. Isbell, elected October 14, 1862; 
Charles H. Conklin, appointed August 19, 1864, and elected November 8th, fol- 
lowing; N. M. Hubbard, appointed November 15, 1865; James H. Rothrock, 
elected October 9, 1866; John Shane, came into office January, 1876, and con- 
tinued until December, 1883; J. D. Giffen, came into office December, 1883, and 
continued until January i, 1887, when the eighteenth judicial district was formed. 

The eighteenth judicial district was created and took effect January I, 1887, 
and at that time the circuit court was abolished. At this time the district court 
was vested with the powers the circuit court had exercised. The eighteenth dis- 
trict consisted of the counties of Linn, Cedar and Jones, and the act creating the 
district provided for two district judges. The office of county attorney was also 
created at this time. 

The judges of the eighteenth district were: From January i, 1887, to January 
I, 1895, J. H. Preston and J. D. Giffin, both from Linn county; from January, 
1895, Wm. P. Wolf, of Cedar county, and Wm. G. Thompson of Linn county, 
presided until the death of Judge Wolf in 1890, when H. M. Remley of Jones 
county, and the first resident judge, was appointed, and later elected to fill the 
vacancy ; Judges Remley and Thompson presided in the district, the former until 
January, 1903, and the latter until January, 1907. By act of the legislature, which 
took effect January i, 1899, the district was allowed three judges. W. N. Treich- 
ler of Cedar county was elected as the third judge, bes^inning January i, 1899. 
On January i, 1903, B. H. Miller of Jones county, and J. H. Preston of Linn 
county, succeeded H. M. Remley and W. N. Treichler. From January, 1903, until 
January, 1907, B. H. Miller, J. H. Preston and W. G. Thompson, presided in the 
district. From January. 1907, F. O. Ellison of Jones county, Milo P. Smith of 
Linn county, and W. N. Treichler of Cedar county, have presided, and these three 
are now the judges of the eighteenth judicial district. 

As at present constituted, the district court has original and appellate juris- 
diction in all matters, civil, criminal and probate. Four terms are held each year 
in Jones county, the dates for 1909 being March ist. May 17th, September 20th, 
and November 29th. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 109 

THE JONES COUNTY BAR ASSOCIATION. 

In connection with the judiciary and the courts, the Jones County Bar Asso- 
ciation should be mentioned. We have been unable to get the date of the first 
organization of an association of this kind in the county. 

The present association was organized at Anamosa, in March, 1900, and is an 
organization composed of the lawyers of the county actively engaged in the prac- 
tice of the profession of the law. The present officers are : president, M. W. Her- 
rick of Monticello; secretary, W. I. Chamberlain, Wyoming; treasurer, A. A. 
Cole, Olin. 

The association held a number of meetings when first organized but at the 
present time, the organization is merely existing. A meeting is held when there is 
anything that demands attention. The banquets which have been held have been 
occasion when "the feast of reason and flow of soul" was abundantly manifest. 

JONES COUNTY ATTORNEYS, I909. 

The present members of the association and in the active practice of the pro- 
fession of law in the county are : 

Wyoming: W. I. Chamberlain, R. M. Corbit, N. W. Hutchins. 

Monticello: J. W. Doxsee, M. W. Herrick, E. E. Reed, Wm. Welch, John 
Welch, John J. Locher. 

Olin: A. A. Cole. 

Oxford JuncticHi : D. D. Rorick. 

Anamosa: B. H. Miller, H. M. Remley, J. E. Remley, C. B. Paul, C. J. Cash, 
Geo. Gorman, B. E. Rhinehart, Geo. Lawrence, Davis McCarn, J. S. Stacey. 
Park Chamberlain also practices law in connection with his duties in the national 
bank. 

The law firms in the county are : Welch & Welch, Monticello ; Miller & Paul, 
Anamosa; Remley & Remley, Anamosa; Jamison, Smyth & Gorman, Anamosa; 
Herrick, Cash & Rhinehart, Anamosa and Monticello. 

METEOROLOGICAL AND CLIMATOLOGY TABLES FOR JONES 

COUNTY. 

The data in regard to the temperature, rainfall, snowfall and date of first and 
last frost of each year for the past fifty years or more, which is herewith pre- 
sented, is as near correct as the records of the weather bureau at Des Moines and 
Washington could give it. For many years the weather bureau at Monticello was 
in charge of M. M. Moulton, and during the later years, the station was in charge 
of H. D. Smith. Those who were acquainted with Mr. Smith during his life 
time, know with what precision he made his observations and kept his records. 
After the death of Mr. Smith, the weather station was removed to Olin, about 
the beginning of 1906. These tables will be found to be of inestimable value as 
the years go by, for reference and comparison. 



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110 



HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



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MONTHLY AND ANNUAL QUANTITY OF RAIN AND SNOW REDUCED TO WATER 

IN INCHES. 

MONTICELLO. 



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1854. 
1855. 
1856. 
1857. 
1858. 
1850. 
1860. 
1861. 
1862. 
1863. 
1864 . 
1865. 
1866. 
1867. 
1868. 
186». 
1870. 
1871. 
1872, 
1873. 
1874. 
1815. 
1876. 
1>77. 
1878. 
1879. 
1880. 
1881. 
1882. 
1883. 
1884. 
1885. 
1886. 
1887. 
1888. 
1889. 
1890. 
1891. 
1892. 
1893. 
1894. 
1805. 
1896. 
1807. 
1898. 
1899. 
1900. 
1901. 
1902. 
1903. 
1904. 
1905. 



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1.16 

1.37 

1.31 

1.23 

1.16 

1.25 

2.85 

2.48 

.29 

3.77 

1.25 

.30 

1.71 

1.35 

2.70 

.90 

2.50 

3.27 

1.61 

2.29 

2.10 

.48 

.51 

2.30 

1.79! 

.621 

.87 

.61 1 

1.751 

3.351 

2.39 

1.13 

1.721 

1.901 

1.251 

1.44 

1.18 

1.08 

.98 

.42 

2.35 

2..59I 

.47 

.73 

1.36 

.68 

.20 

1,15 

0.75 



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1.87 

3.97 

4.22 

2.32 

1.29 

1.16 

2.74 

1.65 

2.37 

1.56 

2.28 

1.02 

3.46 

.55 

1.13 

1.31 

3.65 

.92 

2.52 

2.50 

1.58 

1.88 

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1.35 

1.21 

1.20 

2.90 

1.25 

2.65 

1.15 

.72 

1.31 

4.62 

1.48 

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1.18J 

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.43 

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1.07 

.97 

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1.76 

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1.50 

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2.31 
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1.23 
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1.97 
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3.50 
1.32 
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4.11 
2.62 
2.68 
1.76 

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6.54 
2.94 
1.71 
2.83 
2.74 
2.32 

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3.90 

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3.50 
2.45 
3.71 

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2.55 
1,11 
2.44 
3.84 

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2.56 
2.43 

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2.49 
3.38 
1.72 
2.25 
1.44 
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2.86 
3.79 
2.16 
2.71 
2.08 
4.16 
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5.44 
2.67 
1.25 
2.78 
1.90 
1.05 
1.66 
2.63 
2.97 
1.78 
2.72 
2.83 
3.40 
2.79 
1.08 
2.75 
1.37 
4.97 
1.55 
1.86 
4.16 
1.80 

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3-32 
2.09 
2.001 
2.70 
3.58 
3.46 

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2.40 
3.81 
3.23 
1.24 
1.28 
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2.05 
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4.15 
2.18 
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6.62 
2.11 
2.15 
4.15 
3.27 
2.42 

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3.16 
4.67 
4.59 
5.55 
4,11 
1.29 
3.47 
4.07 

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3.08 
4.75 
3.70 
5.96 
3.49 
3.92 
4.17 
5.45 
5.29 
3.74 
3.60 
4.65 
2.72 
6.10 
4.56 
4.48 
2.70 
9.58 
2.57 
1.55 
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1.75 
3.46 
6.19 
2.75 
1.56 
5.81 
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6.63 
4.92 
4.21 
1.25 
6.26 
1.18 
2.57 
9.02 
4.00 
6.32 
3.75 
6.05 
1.60 
3.18 
4.79 
4.45 
3.16 
4.32 
7.00 
8.74 
5.02 
5.30 
6.32 
7.96 
3.61 
3.85 
2.82 
5.44 
1.41 
1.49 
3.18 
4.89 
12.19 
1.92 
8.87 
5.82 
3.03 
1.27 
1.91 
3.00 
2.60 
4.24 
1.26 
3.56 
9.78 
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3.42 
2.97 
3.97 
7.16 
3.10 
4.72 
1.85 
4.35 
1.15 
3.29 
4.35 
5.63 
4.30 
2.90 
8.31 
5.25 
1,24 
3.63 
1.76 
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2.23 
2.16 
8.66 
5.95 
5.67 
2.00 

10.93 
3.99 
6.16 
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4.45 
6.98 
4.23 
1.79 
4.55 
4.39 
1.92 
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2.43 
7.55 
3.50 
1.71 
2.48 
6.49 
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7.80 
8.40 
3.70 
2.24 



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1.17 
4.82 
4.18 
1.66 
2.98 
3.95 
6.98 
3.98 
2.37 
2.78 
8.20 
3.37 
1.70 
6.41 
3.65 
2.81 
7.05 
1.32 
1.81 
2.37 
5.74 
6.75 
3.07 
6.94 
7.22 
2.23 
3.10 
1.22 
3.78 
8.54 
2.38 
3.31 
1.71 

.22 
4.97 
4.11 
2.44 
1.23 
3.42 
1.46 
1.91 
1.17 
5.08 
1.75 
2.97 

.97 
3.31 
4.54 
3.081 
3.751 



1,42 
2.15 
2.67 
1.07 
6.21 
1,73 
3.14 
6,79 
6.85 
2.10 
1.17 
5.62 
3.73 
2.18 
6.72 
2.75 
3,95 

V.i2 

.81 
6.26 
2.95 
8.62 
1.47 
6.30 
3.63 
9.32 
10.15 
2.83 
1,65 
6.80 
3.95 
2.80 
6.81 
1.85 
2.62 
4.05 

.64 
2.06 
2.50 
3.35 
2.59 
4.11 
2.11 
3.59 

.56 
3.47 
3.29 
4.82 
4.57 
1..50 
2.64 



3.75 
3.91 
4.97 
1.18 
5.07 
1.07 
1.25 
5.77 
3,08 
5.35 
2.55 
2.80 
3.21 
1.15 

.65 
1.35 
1.55 
3-11 

.43 
3.03 
1.18 
1.31 
1.24 
6.21 
3.82 

.93 

.89 
7.21 
5.58 
4.43 
3.19 
2.65 
5,34 
1.39 
2.02 
1.25 
6.82 
2.16 

.93 
2.08 
2.11 
1.10 
1.98 
1.12 
3.25 
1.10 
5.00 
1.97 
1.39 
2.20 
2.501 
4.28 



.83 
3.21 

4.21 
2.84 
4.42 
1.47 
2.83 
2.25 
3.72 
5.12 
2.57 

.12 
1.45 

.90 
2.05 
2.65 
1.61 
4.05 
1.38 
2.78 
3.45 

.63 
2.64 
8.84 

.66 
5.29 
1.85 
2.90 
1.67 
1.35 
1.59 

.61 
1.35 

.77 
2.77 

.98 
2.21 
2.55 
1.43 
1.80 
2.03 
1.53 
1.48 
1.04 
1.42 
1.60 
1.30 

.84 
1.80 
0.90 
0.10 
2.831 



.72 
3.79 

6.99 
2.6 
2.27 
1.47 
5.96 
2.36 
1.27 
6.05 
1.83 
1.00 
2.15 

.65 
1.58 
2.25 
1.54 
3.32 

.93 
2.83 
3.22 
2.95 

.77 
2.67 
1.14 



1.50 

,94 

2.16 

1.27 
4.34 
2.48 

.84 
3.22 
2.26 
1.55 

.71 
2.09 
1.96 
1.54 

.97 
2.47 

.67 
2.63 

.35 
4.28 

.30 
1.27 
2.46 

.32 
1.80 
1.3SI 



24.16 
40.07 
38.40 
30.02 
52.07 
32.30 
32.90 
37.08 
50.05 
36.02 
25.88 
38,04 
40.31 
30.85 
30,78 
40.18 
29.07 
31.12 
32.87 
31.72 
29.76 
29.56 
52.30 
47.97 
35.69 



46.05 
50.03 
85,56 
35.94 
37.77 
40.28 
29.36 
33.95 
34.69 
26.28 
44.05 
27.38 
38.09 
27.98 
25.73 
18,57 
31.50 
28.16 
30.00 
27.82 
31.T5 
20.66 
41.77 
39.86 
22.16 
34.76 











CLIN 


















1906 


8,45 

4,62 

.55 


1.84 

.56 

8.05 


2.04 
1.08 
2,60 
1.52 


1.23 
2.37 
3.00 
6.06 


5.01 
2.80 
7.04 
2.75 


2.02 
5.23 
8.40 


1.22 
6.00 
2.88 


7.46 
8.74 
8,17 
6.20 


2.68 
6.71 
1.16 
2,24 


1.86 
1.02 
1.50 


'1.26 


1.64 
1.07 




1007 


42 8S 


1008 




1009 





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114 



HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



EARLIEST AND LATEST FROST OF THE SEASON, AND DAYS WITHOVT FROST. 

MONTICELLO. 



Yraus. 


Date of 
r^st Frost. 


Date of 
First Frost. 




Years. 


Date of 
Last Frost. 


Date of 
First Frost 


2 


1850 

1851 

1852 

1863 

1854 

1856 

1866 

1867 

1868 

1859 

1860 

1861 

1862 

1863 

1864 

1865 

1866 

1867 

1868 

il?S::::: 

1871 

1872 

1878 

1«74 


June 11 
May 7 
June 5 
April 20 
May 22 
June 13 
May 30 
May 21 
May 21 
June 4 
May 16 
May 16 
June 19 
June 8 
June 13 
May 11 
May 17 
May 26 
May 21 
June 6 
April 29 
May 10 
May 2 
May 13 
May 18 
May 17 
June 21 
June 10 
June 10 
May 6 
April 15 


Sept 29 
Sept 16 
Sept. 16 
Sept 10 
Sept 20 
Sept 27 
Sept. 20 
Sept 23 
August 28 
Sept 2 
Sept. 12 
Sept 28 
Sept. 25 
August 25 
Sept 19 
Sept 30 
Sept. 21 
Sept 10 
Sept 13 
Sept 26 
October 13 
Sept 21 
Sept 27 
Sept 8 
Sept. 30 
Sept 11 
Sept 27 
Sept 18 
Sept 11 
Sept 9 
Sept 8 


109 

131 

102 

142 

120 

105 

112 

124 

99 

89 

119 

134 

97 

77 

97 

141 

126 

106 

114 

111 

166 

133 

147 

117 

134 

116 

97 

99 

92 

125 

146 


1881 

1882 

1883 

1884 

1885 

1886 

1887 

1888..... 

1889 

1890 

1891 

1892 

1893 

1894 

1895 

1896 

1897 

1898 

1899 

1900 

1901 

1902 

1903..,.. 

1904 

1905 


No Rec. 
May 29 
May 81 
May 30 
May 19 
June 3 
*' •24 
June 2 
May 30 
May 20 
May 27 
May 27 
May 28 
May 31 
May 27 
April 22 
April 80 
May 13 
April 19 
May 6 
May 25 
April 24 
June 12 
May 81 
April 80 


Sept. 12 
Sept 23 
Sept. 5 
October 9 
Sept 5 
August 31 
August 24 
Sept. 1 
Aug. •20 
Sept. 13 
August 28 
Sept 6 
August 30 
Sept 11 
Sept SO 
Sept 20 
Sept. 20 
October 5 
Sept 13 
Sept. 17 
Sept 8 
Sept. 12 
Sept. 17 

Octol>er 11 


117 

97 

132 

109 

80 

61 

91 

82 

115 

92 

101 

181 

185 

188 

210 
209 
188 
214 
103 


itiS::::: 


OLIN. 


1879.':;;; 

1880 


1906 

1907 

1908.... 
1909 


May 10 
May 28 
May 2 
May 3 


October 1 
Sept 22 
Sept 28 
Sept. 26 


i8§ 

? 



• Light frort. 
t November missing. 
t April. September. October, November missing. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



115 



MONTHLY AND ANNUAL QUANTITIES OF SNOW IN INCHES. 

MONTICELLO. 





Date of 


















Date of 


'Total Fall: 


Years. 


First 
Snow 


Oct. 


Nov. 


Dec 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


April 


May 


Last 
Snow 


1 ^ „ Yeabs 
1 of Snow. 


1854 


12 
22 

4 
8 


8.'66 


4.00 
4.50 
7.50 
1.00 


.90 

.10 

13.00 

.16 


8.00 

2.20 

14.00 


4.50 

.65 

15.25 

10.50 


2.00 

6.25 
3.50 


i'.oo 

2.00 




26 
21 

8 
13 


19.40 
13.05 
57.50 
17.16 


1855 


1855 


1856 


1856 


1857 


1857 


1858 


1858 


9 


• • • « 


10.00 


12.00 


4.00 


13.00 


6.50 


.... 




20 


45.50 


1859 


1859 


10 




1.00 


6.00 


5.00 


2.00 


.16 






25 


14.16 


1860 


1860 


2 




4.00 


18.75 


18.25 


13.50 


1.75 


, 




26 


56.25 


1861 


1861 


29 
2 
22 
20 
28 
27 
11 
17 
8 
11 


.16 

2.56 

1.00 

4.00 

.05 


2.00 
4.50 
6.00 
3.00 
2.50 
.30 

sioi 

16.09 


4.50 

26!66 

12.25 

4.62 

8.50 

6.81 

9.50 

10.65 

.75 


28.50 

3.25 

.75 

2.90 

9.00 

13.40 
3.45 

19.14 

13.62 
5.00 


5.75 

6.50 

10.00 

10.97 

14.52 

12.50 

6.88 

15.58 

.25 

11.50 


15.75 
3.50 
7.50 
6.77 
4.98 

16.25 

.75 

5.40 

15.11 
.87 


3.25 

slio 
i:66 




8 
24 
12 
21 
28 
26 
1 
1 
16 
12 


59.91 
21.75 
46.75 
42.59 
39.62 
51.00 
17.89 
54.23 
55.72 
18.12 


1862 


1862 


1863 


1863 


1864 


1864 


1865 


1865 


1866 


1866 


1867 


1867 


1868 


1868 


1869 


1869 


1870 


1870 


1871 


1871 


31 
14 
29 


1.05 
i.46 


4.00 
6.62 
6.35 


13.25 
8.27 
6.75 


.95 
15.09 
10.25 


.87 

5.15 

11.55 


20.88 

5.55 

.25 


11.25 
3.50 




81 

9 

27 


40.45 
61.93 
40.05 


1872 


1872 


1873 


1873 


1874 


1874 


19 
26 


*.'i6 


.54 
.25 


8.00 
6.30 


14.96 
2.00 


15.80 
.32 


6.50 
19.50 


3.00 
1.00 


25 


1 
2 


49-05 
29.53 


1875 


1875 


1876 


1876 


6 

1 
28 


".io 


7.25 
11.62 


8.08 

.25 

9.55 


17.25 
2.10 
4.40 


.50 
2.35 
6.50 


26.60 
6.25 


2.00 


.* ! ! .' 


29 
24 
21 


41.68 
16.32 

29.20 


1877 


1877 


1878 


1878 


1879 


1879 


.. 


.... 


i.6 

1.0 


4.4 
11.2 


4.4 
2.2 


6.5 

1.8 


6.2 
1.5 


.0 
.0 






22.5 
17.T 


1880 


1880 






1881 


1881 






... . 


1.0 


3.7 


16.8 


14.8 


20.0 


1.0 






57.3 


1882 


1882 


, 






.0 


10.6 


4.8 


4.2 


5.2 


0.5 




, , 


23.3 


1883 


1883 








.0 


9.7 


10.0 


14.7 


5.0 


2.0 






41.4 


1884 


1884 


• 






1.0 

.0 

2.2 


9.2 
7.5 
5.9 


6.1 

5.4 
11.5 


8.7 
7.2 
6.3 


8.1 

2.2 

19.9 


3.0 
.0 
.0 






36.1 
22.3 

45.8 


1885 


1885 


1886 


1886 


1887 


1887 








3.5 


18.8 


10.8 


9.1 


16.0 


.0 






58.2 


1888 


1888 






2.5 


.0 


10.1 


6.5 


4.3 


2.0 


0.2 






25.6 


1889 


1889 




, 




0.3 


T 


9.7 


1.1 


0.1 


.0 






11.2 


1890 


1890 




. 


• .. • 


0.5 


7.0 


4.0 


5.0 


10.1 


.0 






26.6 


1891 


1891 








3.4 


2.0 


2.3 


3.7 


20.5 


0.1 






32.0 


1892 


1892 






.... 


6.8 


9.1 


6.4 


4.1 


1.8 


6.0 


T 




33.2 


1893 


1893 






.... 


10.5 


5.5 


9.0 


4.2 


3.1 


4.0 






36.3 


1894 


1894 








0.9 


0.6 


5.4 


6.7 


4.0 


0.1 






17.7 


1895 


1895 






. . 


3.0 


7.0 


9.5 


3.2 


2.9 


1.0 






26.6 


1896 


1896 






T 


1.0 


3.3 


3.0 


6.3 


1.4 


6.0 






21.0 


1897 


1897 








0.5 


15.5 


6.1 


8.5 


3.3 


.0 






33.9 


1898 


1898 









12.0 


*.. . 


18.0 


11.4 


5.0 


.... 








1899 




Date of 




















Date of 


1 2 


Teaiis. 


First 


Oct. 


I 


^ov. 


Dec. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Mar. 


April 


May 


Last 


1 s 




Snow 


1 
















Snow 


■ >* 


1899... 


Nov. 1 




( 


0.5 


6.5 


4.0 


8.0 ll.O 


2.5 


.0 


Anr. 11 
Mar. 30 


1900 


1900... 


Nov. 7 







=1.0 


3.0 


10.5 


11.5 


13.5 


.0 




1901 


1901 . . . 


Nov. 3 






\.o 


1.0 


9.0 


1.0 


T 






Mar. 31 


1902 


1902. . . 


Nov. 1 








14.0 


2.0 


7.0 


5.0 


T 




Apr. 14 
Mar. 15 


1908 


1903.. . 


Dec. 2 








8.5 




10.0 


10.0 






1904 


1904... 
















7.2 


.0 




Mar. 19 


1906 


1905... 


Nov. 29 







T 


18.2 

















OLIX 



1905... 
1906.., 
1907... 
1908.. 



Oct 11 
Nov. 11 
Nov. 10 



T 






2.5 
3.0 



6.8 
2.2 
4.0 



8.2 

11.8 

6.0 



5.8 


6.8 


T 




7.0 


2.0 


5.0 


1.2 


15.0 


T 


T 


. . . 




1.0 


T 


T 



Apr. 5 

Mkj 3 

Apr. 29 

May 1 



1906 
1907 
1908 
1909 



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116 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

CIVIL WAR HISTORY. 

The war record herein given is the same as was contained in the Jones County 
History of 1879, with such additions as the editor has been able to find. — Editor, 

If there is any one thing more than another of which the people of the north- 
ern states have reason to be proud, it is of the record they made during the dark 
and bloody days of the war of the rebellion. When the war was forced upon the 
country, the people were quietly pursuing the even tenor of their ways, doing 
whatever their hands found to do— making farms or cultivating those already 
made, erecting homes, founding cities and towns, building shops and manufac- 
tories — in short, the country was alive with industry and hopes for the future. 
The people were just recovering from the depressions and losses incident to the 
financial panic of 1857. The future looked bright and promising, and the indus- 
trious and patriotic sons and daughters of the free states were buoyant with hope 
— looking forward to the perfecting of new plans for the securement of comfort 
and competence in the declining years of life ; they little heeded the mutterings 
and threatenings of treason's children in the slave states of the south. True sons 
and descendants of the heroes of the "times that tried men's soul" — ^the struggle 
for American independence — they never dreamed that there was even one so base 
as to dare attempt the destruction of the Union of their fathers — a government 
baptized with the best blood the world ever knew. While immediately surrounded 
with peace and tranquility, they paid but little attention to the rumored plots and 
plans of those who lived and grew rich from the sweat and toil, blood and flesh 
of others ; aye, even trafficked in the offspring of their own loins. Nevertheless, 
the war came, with all its attendant horrors. 

April 12, 1 861, Fort Sumter, at Charleston, South Carolina, Maj. Anderson, 
U. S. A., commandant, was fired upon by rebel arms. Although basest treason, 
this first act in the bloody reality that followed, was looked upon as the mere bra- 
vado of a few hot-heads, the act of a few fire-eaters whose sectional bias and 
freedom hatred was crazed by excessive indulgence in intoxicating potions. 
When, a day later, the news was borne along the telegraphic wires that Maj. An- 
derson had been forced to surrender to what had at first been regarded as a 
drunken mob, the patriotic people of the north were startled from the dreams 
of the future, from undertakings half completed, and made to realize that behind 
that mob there was a dark, deep and well-organized purpose to destroy the gov- 
ernment, rend the Union in twain, and out of its ruinr> erect a slave oligarchy, 
wherein no one would dare question their right to hold in bondage the sons and 
daughters of men whose skins were black, or who, perchance, through practices of 
lustful natures, were half or quarter removed from the color that God, for His 
own purposes, had given them. But "they reckoned without their host." Their 
dreams of the future, their plans for the establishment of an independent confed- 
eracy, were doomed from their inception to sad and bitter disappointment. 

Immediately upon the surrender of Fort Sumter, Abraham Lincoln — America's 
martyr president — who, but a few short weeks before, had taken the oath of office 
as the nation's chief executive, issued a proclamation calling for seventy-five 
thousand volunteers for three months. The last word of that proclamation had 
scarcely been taken from the electric wires before the call was filled. Men and 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 117 

money were counted out by the thousands. The people who loved their whole 
gfovemnient could not give enough. Patriotism thrilled and vibrated and pul- 
sated through every heart. The farm, the workshop, the dfice, the pulpit, the 
bar, the bench, the college, the schoolhouse — every calling offered its best men, 
their lives and their fortunes in defense of the government's honor and unity. 
Party lines were for the time ignored. Bitter words, spoken in moments of po- 
litical heat, were forgotten and forgiven, and, joining hands in a common cause, 
they repeated the oath of America's soldier-statesman, **By the Great Eternal the 
Union must and shall be preserved!" 

Seventy-five thousand men were not enough to subdue the rebellion. Nor 
were ten times that number. The war went on, and call followed call, until it 
began to look as if there would not be men enough in all the free states to crush 
out and subdue the monstrous war traitors had inaugurated. But to every call for 
either men or money, there was a willing and ready response. And it is a boast 
of the people that, had the supply of men fallen short, there were women brave 
enough, daring enough, patriotic enough, to have oflFered themselves as sacrifices 
on their country's altar. Such were the impulses, motives and actions of the pa- 
triotic men of the north, among whom the loyal sons of Jones coimty, Iowa, made 
a conspicuous and praiseworthy record. 

The compiler has sought to secure a continuous record of all the patriotic 
meetings of the people of the county in the order in which they took place, but 
as many meetings were held of which no record was kept, except in the faithful 
breasts of loyal men and liberty-loving women, the war history must be more or 
less fragmentary, and, in a great measure, not as satisfactory as he had hoped to 
have made it. He had searched all the files of newspapers published in the county 
at the time, and the result of his research is given below. He feels gratified to 
state that enough has been secured to testify most emphatically to the unbounded 
heroism and lofty patriotism of the loyal citizens of Jones county during the days 
of the nation's darkest forebodings. No county in the state sent out braver men, 
and no state in the Union can boast of a more glorious record. 

UNION MEETING. 

Pursuant to notice, the citizens of Jones county, irrespective of party, assem- 
bled in mass convention at the courthouse, in Anamosa, on Saturday, the 19th day 
of January, 1861, at 11 o'clock A. M. 

On motion of Dr. N. G. Sales, Messrs. Davis McCam and E. V. Miller were 
appointed temporary chairmen, and Matt Parrott and J. L. Sheean, secretaries. 

On motion of W. G. Hammond, Esq., the chair was empowered to appoint a 
committee of five on permanent organization, and appointed as such committee 
Messers. W. G. Hammond, N. G. Sales, George W. Field, C. Chapman and C. T. 
Lamson. 

E. Cutler, Esq., moved that the convention adjourn for one week — ^the late 
storm having prevented an attendance from the other parts of the county. Lost. 

On motion of O. Burke, Esq., the chair appointed O. Burke, J. J. Dickinson, 
S. T. Pierce, E. Cutler and J. Mann as a committee on resolutions. The committee 
assembled at the time designated. 



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118 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

The committee on permanent organization reported as follows: president, G. 
W. Field; vice-presidents, Messrs. J. Mann, W. H. Holmes and F. L. McKean; 
secretaries, Messrs. John S. Stacey and J. L. Sheean — which report was received 
and adopted. 

The committee on resolutions, not being ready to report, the convention was 
addressed by N. G. Sales, W. G. Hammond and others. The committee on reso- 
lutions appeared, and, through S. T. Pierce, Esq., reported the following preamble 
and resolutions : 

Whereas, The people of Jones county, in mass convention assembled, without 
distinction of party, believing that the present unhappy condition of our country 
demands the immediate and serious attention of every good citizen and patriot; 
and, further, believing that it is idle and impolitic to discuss the cause of present 
calamities, but most expedient to search for a remedy which will cure our present 
difficulties and secure to us permanent and national* tranquility, and to that end 
and for that purpose we will divest ourselves of party feelings and sectional pre- 
judices, in order to best promote and secure present and future harmony and 
union ; therefore, 

Resolved, That we are unwilling now to abandon or in the least endanger the 
Union of the states, which has existed so long with such unprecedented results, 
both as to our individual and national happiness and prosperity. 

Resolved, That the federal government is one of limited power derived solely 
from the Constitution, and the grants of power made therein ought to be strictly 
construed by all departments and agents of the government. 

Resolved, That we are in favor of the equality of the states in the distribution 
of all benefits and burdens of our government, and a prompt, energetic and im- 
partial administration of all constitutional laws; and upon this principle we 
stand, hoping and demanding of our senators and representatives in congress that 
they will make every effort in their power to effect an equal, liberal and equitable 
adjustment of present national difficulties. 

Resolved, That we love and cherish the government under which we live, and 
hold in high esteem and regard our brothers of the southern states, and regret 
that there are mutual subjects of complaint and difference existing between the 
northern and southern sections of our confederacy, and believe that our differences 
can be better settled in the Union than out of it, and that such difficulties and dif- 
ferences can be arranged and settled if a mutual spirit of forebearance and good 
^ill is exercised by both our northern and southern brethren, and that it is a right 
and a duty we owe to each other to make just concessions to restore peace and 
harmony between the different sections of the country. 

Resolved, That, in the words of James Buchanan, "resistance to lawful au- 
thority, under our form of government, cannot fail, in the end, to prove disastrous 
to its authors f that we therefore appeal to our southern brethren to cease such 
resistance and to submit the questions in dispute between us to the constitutional 
authorities of our common country. 

Resolved, That, in the noble stand taken by Maj. Anderson in defense of the 
flag of our Union and the property it should protect calls for the admiration and 
respect of every lover of his cotmtry. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 121 

On motion of N. G. Sales, the report of the committee was received and the 
committee discharged. Moved that the resolutions be voted on separately. Lost. 

On motion of W. H. Holmes, the resolutions were adopted. N. G. Sales moved 
that the proceedings of the convention, with the resolutions adopted, be published 
in the Anamosa Eureka and the Marion Democrat, Carried. S. T. Pierce moved 
that a copy of the proceedings and resolutions of this convention be forwarded 
to each of our senators and representatives in congress. Carried. 

Oh motion, the convention adjourned sine die. John S. Stacy and J. L. 
Sheean, secretaries. 

THE BOARD OF SUPERVISORS' RESOLUTIONS OF LOYALTY, JUNE 6, 1861. 

The supervisors of Jones county closed their labors Thursday, June 6, 1861, 
by passing the following : 

Whereas. The great American nation has, under the kind guidance of Al- 
mighty God and a patriotic and liberty-loving people, safely passed through 
eighty-four anniversaries without the hand of a domestic traitor having been 
raised to overthrow the noble fabric of constitutional liberty raised by the patri- 
ots of the Revolution ; 

And Whereas, In the present year of grace, 1861, and on the eve of the eighty- 
fifth anniversay of our national independence, we see, for the first time, numerous 
and thoroughly organized traitors raising their fratricidal hands with a view to 
force the dismemberment and overthrow of the best government on the earth, 
we deem it expedient to call upon the whole people of Jones county to come to- 
gether on the approaching 4th day of July, and, with united hearts and hands 
manifest their devotion to the nation, its unity, and the principles of the Declara- 
tion of Independence ; therefore 

Resolved, That the board appoint a committee of citizens from each township, 
request them to make all necessary arrangements for the celebration of the eighty- 
fifth anniversary of American independence. 

Resolved, That we recommend that the citizens of the whole county assemble 
at the grove half a mile south of the center of the county, in the northeast comer 
of Jackson township, and bring with them such provisions and lumber as will be 
sufficient to provide tables and refreshments for all. 

Resolved, That the committee be requested to provide a band of music, powder 
and speakers for the occasion. 

Resolved, That the following individuals in the various townships are hereby 
appointed a committee to make all necessary arrangements; and they are re- 
quested to meet on the ground where said celebration is proposed to be held, on 
the 20th day of June, at 10 o'clock A. M., and there take such action as to them 
may seem proper: Names of committee — Cass, E. B. Alderman; Castle Grove, 
Thomas J. Peak ; Clay, John Russell ; Fairview, N. G. Sales, C. C. Buell ; Green- 
field, Elias V. Miller; Hale, Don A. Carpenter; Jackson, Daniel N. Monroe; 
Madison, John Niles; Monticello, W. H. Walworth; Oxford, Milo C. Lathrop; 
Richland, Isaac Willard; Rome, Charles H. Lull; Scotch Grove, A, J. Allen; 
Washington, Thomas McNally; Wayne, Noah Bigley; Wyoming, James A. 
Bronson. 



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122 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Resolved, That the sum of one hundred dollars, or so much thereof as may be 
necessary, is hereby appropriated from the county treasury for the purpose of 
providing music and powder. 

Thus it is seen that the board of supervisors of Jones county, in 1861, were 
decidedly loyal and eminently patriotic. 

PATRIOTIC MEETING IN ROME. 

A union meeting was held in the grove near the village of Rome, on the 24th 
of May, 1861. The citizens of the town and vicinity turned out en masse. The 
meeting came to order by electing Ezra Carpenter, Esq., chairman. 

A patriotic and soul-stirring address was delivered by the Rev. O. E. Aldrich, 
which was received with frequent demonstrations of appfeuse by the people. Af- 
ter the address, three cheers were given for the Union, with a vim that spoke love 
for our county and death to traitors. A company of home guards at this time was 
nearly full. E. C. Rigby was the secretary at the above meeting. 

THE COUNTY FOURTH OF JULY CELEBRATION. 

A grand county celebration of the 4th of July, took place in pursuance of the 
resolutions and suggestions of the board of supervisors, made at their June meet- 
ing in 1861. The celebration was on Thursday, the 4th of July, 1861. 

The perilous condition of the country brought men of all parties together to 
observe the anniversary of our national birth, and to repeat anew their vows to 
freedom. Early in the morning, teams, singly and in companies, began to throng 
from all parts of the county toward the point which had been designated by the 
board of supervisors, near the center of the county. At 10 o'clock, a. m., the 
scene was the strangest of the kind ever encountered in the west. The road ran 
along a high ridge, and on both sides of it and on each of the wide and gently 
sloping spurs, shooting out every few rods, were horses, wagons, buggies, car- 
riages, men, women, children and babies by the thousands; and, in every direc- 
tion, the American flag floated in the light and refreshing breeze, which, with 
the shade of the sufficiently abundant oaks, tempered the heat of a warm summer 
day. Such an assembly in a city is common enough, but this was an assembly in 
the wilderness. Not a house, not a sign that man had touched nature here was 
visible, save in the few brief days' labor of the committee of preparation. It was 
a fitting place wherein to assemble on such a day and for such a purpose, when the 
nation was in its life and death struggle for existence. 

The committee of arrangements had done as well as could be hoped for in the 
short time allowed them, and better than could have been expected. On the 
rather steep slope of a spur, north of the road, a staging had been erected facing 
up the slope, and, in front of this, seats sufficient to accommodate, perhaps, one 
thousand persons. Back of the stage, and at the bottom of the ravine, a well had 
been dug some ten or more feet deep, and, at the bottom, a barrel fixed. It was 
a comical sort of a well, but it served the purpose, in a measure, for some hours. 

On another ridge and back of the wall, stood the six-pounder, manned by the 
Wyoming Artillery Company, in gray shirts, under Capt. Walker. The other 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 123 

military companies were the Canton Company, Capt. Hanna ; they wore red mili- 
tary coats, were armed with rifles and were fine looking; the Rough and Readys' 
of Rome, Capt. L. A. Roberts, with blue military coats, white pants and glazed 
caps, sixty-five men, also fine looking; Carpenter's Company, Rome, Capt. Car- 
penter, eighty men, with gray coats, likewise made a fine appearance ; the Green- 
field Company, mounting eighty men, John Secrist, commander; these were in 
frock coats and wore white plumes ; they, too, showed well, and still more in drill 
and fitness tor the most desperate fighting ; the Scotch Grove Guards, from Scotch 
Grove, Capt. Magee, formed a large company ; these wore no uniforms, but their 
appearance indicated they were the right men for fighting. There were six com- 
panies of young men, all formed and drilled, in the space of three months. It 
appears that all these entered the army in due time and did good service. 

The proceedings at the stand were patriotic and entertaining. During the 
reading of the Declaration of Independence, the general attention was close, and 
the responsibilities of the hour seemed to impress all minds. The singing, with 
the marshal waving the star-spangled banner to the words, was very effective. 
The address was by a Mr. Utley — a good Union speech, and was very generally 
approved. Music by the various military bands was abundant and lively. The 
picnic that followed was much enjoyed by all who partook of dainties provided 
for the occasion. The military went through with some of their exercises and 
then the proceedings of the afternoon began, which consisted of speeches from 
different persons, when, owing to a want of an abundant supply of water, the vast 
assembly was dispersed at a much earlier hour than it otherwise would have been. 

It was evident that the loyalty of Jones county could be relied upon, and that 
her citizens were ready to do their full duty in crushing out treason. 

INCIDENTS OF ENLISTMENT. 

Up to the 19th of July, 1861, Jones county had sent no company of its own to 
the war. but had contributed many of its best citizens to companies raised in 
adjoining counties. 

At least a half-dozen men went into Capt. Leffingweirs mounted company. 
Four went from the village of Bowen's Prairie, viz., Howard Smith, Orin Crane. 
Theodore Hopkins and Isaac White. Their departure for the seat of war was 
the occasion of a very pleasant scene which occurred at their rendezvous in the 
beautiful grove near the residence of Otis Whittemore. The Home Guards of 
that town, under command of Lieut. Isaac Willard, escorted them some miles on 
their way, after a solemn leave-taking and addresses by Messrs. Bates, Searle, 
Johnson, O. Whittemore, Willard, Briggs and Hopkins. Rev. Mr. Searle was 
with the mounted escort, and offered, on horseback, a prayer that was alike im- 
pressive in itself and in the circumstances and situation of its delivery. 

Mr. White had not volunteered with the rest, but sat watching the proceedings, 
when Curtis Stone, Esq., rode up on a fine horse, the best he owned. *'If I had 
that horse," said White, "I would go too.*' "Take it," was the reply. "It is 
yours." No sooner said than done. White vaulted into the saddle and started to 
fight for his country. 



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124 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Here is another incident, which we take from the Dubuque Times (dated in 
July, 1861): 

**A Patriotic Clergyman, — A gentleman from this city has been enlisting men 
in Jones county for the cavalry company of which Col. Heath is lieutenant. In 
Scotch Grove township, a young man enlisted and went to a clergyman to buy a 
horse. The reverend gentleman said he had no horse to sell for this war, but, 
pointing to the best one he had, 'There's one,* said he, 'which you are welcome 
to.' " 

Such patriotism is praiseworthy. 

FIRST COMPANY OF VOLUNTEERS. 

About the loth of August, 1861, William T. Shaw, Esq., who had been ap- 
pointed commissary by the governor, was notified that a company of volunteers 
would be accepted, and he immediately went to work to raise it. The various 
companies of Home Guards were invited to come to Anamosa, and on Monday, 
the I2th of August, twenty-eight wagons came in from Rome, Hale, Jackson and 
Madison townships, bringing a company under Capt. Carpenter. Tuesday, some 
eighteen or twenty wagons arrived from Scotch Grove, with thirty-five men, 
under Capt. Magee, and accompanied by thirty ladies. This latter company was 
met at the depot by those who came the day previous and the Greenfield Home 
Guards, who escorted them to the Fisher House, the Scotch Grove ladies falling 
into the procession behind, and remaining in line with them until dismissed for 
dinner. 

In the afternoon, a meeting was held at the city hall, for the purpose of filling 
the company, electing officers, and so forth. But, unfortunately, a split occurred 
in r^^rd to the destination of the company. The Scotch Grove boys said they 
volunteered under a promise to be taken to Washington, and did not want to 
go anywhere else, while Mr. Shaw had orders for the company to proceed to 
Davenport, from whence they were to go to Missouri. The Scotch Grove boys 
and fifteen volunteers from Bow en's prairie finally withdrew, declaring they 
would make up another company. 

The company under Captain Carpenter remained, and most of them signed 
the muster roll. The election resulted in the unanimous choice of D. A. Car- 
penter for captain. The company not being full, men were sent out to drum up 
recruits, and at the time of starting, the company numbered sixty-three men. 

Thursday morning was the time fixed upon for the departure of the com- 
pany. At an early hour, the friends of the volunteers came pouring into town 
by hundreds. The men were formed into line in front of the Fisher House, and 
each one was presented with a testament by the Jones County Bible Society. Rev. 
Mr. Eberhart making a few appropriate remarks during the presentation. 

Mr. Buell was then called upon, and briefly addressed the company, pving 
them some good advice, wishing them God-speed and a safe return, and bidding 
them farewell. 

The company was then marched to the depot, where was assembled the largest 
crowd seen in the town for a long time. Many ladies were present through the 
entire morning and up to the moment the cars started. There were many sad 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 125 

faces and a few cheerful ones ; many, tears, and some manly tears, too, were shed. 
The boys took their seats, the conductor gave the word, and the cars and their 
precious load were off. 

Thus the first Jones county company was formed and took its departure for 
the seat of war. 

GRAND TURN-OUT OF MILITARY AND CITIZENS. 

Monday, the 19th of August, 1861, was an epoch in the history of Jones 
county. If any one had ever doubted the patriotic feeling of its citizens, they 
could no longer do so. The fires of patriotism burned brightly in their bosoms, 
and their devotion to the cause of civil and religious liberty was clearly evinced 
by their ardor in responding to the call of their country, and showed, beyond a 
doubt that the noble blood of '76 was still coursing in their veins; and they 
were prepared, if necessary, to shed their blood for the preservation of those 
rights and that liberty which were won by the blood and sacrifices of our fathers. 
It had been announced that on Monday, the 19th inst., the company of Jones 
county volunteers, under Captain Harper, would meet at the picnic grounds near 
Monticello, and be presented with a flag by the ladies of Bowen's Prairie.' 
About noon, the volunteers from Scotch Grove, Clay and vicinity, began to 
arrive at Monticello accompanied by a large concourse of friends. After par- 
taking of dinner provided by the landlord at Monticello, the procession, consist- 
ing of sixty-four teams, proceeded to the grounds with banners flying and drums 
beating. Upon arriving at the grounds, the procession from Bowen's Prairie 
was seen winding its way into the grove, consisting of volunteers, people, colors 
and music. The two processions soon formed themselves around the speaker's 
stand, and the meeting was organized by calling John D. Walworth to act as 
president. An appropriate and eloquent prayer was then offered by the Rev. 
Mr. Bates, of Cascade. Mr. Clark then sang the "Red, White and Blue." 
After the song, Miss Emma Crane, in behalf of the ladies of Bowen's Prairie, 
then presented the company with an elegant flag accompanied by the following 
address : 

"Jones County Volunteers: As the representative of and in behalf of the 
ladies of Bowen's Prairie, I appear before you holding in my hand the emblem 
of our country's purity, liberty and greatness — ^the Stars and Stripes. I have 
the honor and pleasure of bestowing upon you and consigning to your charge 
this banner, as the free gift of the ladies of Bowen's Prairie; and, upon your 
reception of this simple favor, may I be allowed the privilege of briefly ex- 
pressing the sentiments of its donors; and I would especially impress upon 
your minds the idea that I come not fresh from the school-girl's sanctum, with 
a labored essay of fairy scenes and flowery fields, to quiet your minds to a stan- 
dard of peaceful home life. No! I come to speak to you of the agitated 
state of your country, in which woman feels, or should feel, the same spirit of 
animation the governs your purposes and actions. And if, in thus assuming 
this prerogative, my language should seem uncouth or lack versatility, I hope 
I may receive the charitable indulgence of all, for, you must be aware, to com- 
municate upon a topic that very seldom falls to the lot of a woman, and in a 



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126 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

time and under circumstances tiiat have never before presented themselves to 
the women of our country, is an eflfort that demands the tongue of excellence. 

"We now look upon you in a military capacity, organized as a band of soldiers, 
and each of you more or less animated by the enthusiasm that universally per- 
vades every true American heart at this time. While looking out upon the 
scene before you, of mighty convulsions, an extensive civil war threatening the 
very foundations of the noble institutions of our government upon which our 
individual prosperity is based, we come to ask of you : What is the standard of 
your enthusiasm? Is it a lofty standard of public morality? Do pure and 
exalted conceptions of truth and justice pervade your hearts? We shall acknowl- 
edge nothing less than this from each of you. You want our reasons? You 
shall have them. This is no time for idle speculations or timid misgivings. 
For a score or more of years the mighty sluice-ways of political corruption 
have been opening and swelling, fed and fostered by an arbitrary disposition on 
the part of a few, to curtail and crush out the noble privileges enjoyed by the 
masses, till the people see looming fires of destruction in the distance, and 
awake at once to a sense of their danger and act as exigency dictates. Our 
country's traitors are aroused, and announce their right to destroy the Union, 
and they have placed themselves in an attitude to carry out their intentions at 
the point of the bayonet. * ♦ * Soldiers! we have put to you one plain 
question, and we will now submit one still plainer. Are you afraid to fight? 
If so, you are not worthy recipients of that flag which was purchased, and that 
dearly, by blood; and it must be sustained and protected, however difficult, by 
the same element, else look at the result — the country broken and ruined in all 
her institutions, and naught left but here and there the segments of what it 
once was. * * * We have too much confidence in you and in our cotmtry's 
defenders to suppose that such a state of things can ever exist in our land. 
Here we see men ripe with patriotism, sound in sentiment, full of vigor, quick 
in conception to thus early see and do their duty and their country's need, full 
of pride, ambition and native dignity, freely responding to their country's call. 
And now, soldiers, divesting myself of every disposition to flattery, we have 
reason to feel proud of you — ^Jones county has reason to feel proud of you — 
that thus you so willingly enroll yourselves, and freely leave your homes, your 
firesides, your parents, brothers, sisters and families to support your country's 
flag. Now take this flag, and may its folds proudly wave above your heads 
wherever your country calls! Let no hishonor ever stain this emblem, and in 
advance upon the foe may it be found in the van! Take it! Go with willing 
hearts! Defend! Sustain it! Bring it back untarnished! Then look for 
happy homes and ever-greeting friends." 

The presentation address was replied to by Captain Harper on behalf of the 
company, in a few appropriate remarks, thanking the ladies for their beatitiful 
gift, and pledging themselves to bear it aloft in the van and to defend it while 
one was alive to uphold it, and return with it or on it. Rev. Mr. Bates, of 
Cascade, was then called upon, and made an eloquent speech in behalf of the 
Union and the Constitution, and, among other things, urged the necessity not 
only of praying, but fighting. Rev. Mr. Russell addressed the crowd in a few 
appropriate remarks upon the necessity of maintaining the government and 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 127 

sustaining law and order at any sacrifice and at any cost. Rev. Mr. Benton, 
of Anamosa, also spoke to the volunteers words of encouragement, and assured 
them of the sympathy and confidence of their friends, and maintained that the 
cause for which they were engaging to fight was a righteous one and must Be 
triumphant. 

In accordance with a resolution of the Jones County Bible Society, a Testa- 
ment was presented to each of the volunteers, in behalf of the society, by the 
Rev. James McKean, of Scotch Grove. In making the presentation, Mr. McKean 
briefly addressed the company, urging each to be governed by the precepts 
taught in that book. John Russell of Clay township, replied in behalf of the 
company. Appropriate remarks were made by the chairman urging the duty of 
volimteering for the defense of our country, our dearest rights and our blood- 
bought principles. The recruits then fell in and were marched to the table, where 
they and a large number of others partook of a bountiful collation, prepared by 
the generous-hearted people of Bo wen's Prairie. 

After partaking of refreshments, a large portion of the crowd dispersed, 
while some remained to listen to other patriotic addresses. The day was one 
long to be remembered by the patriotic citizens of Jones county, and fraught with 
bursts of enthusiasm for Liberty and Union. 

Captain Harper's company was the second sent out from Jones county. 

FLAG PRESENTATION AND DEPARTURE. 

Monday, the 4th of November, 1861, witnessed a large turnout of the inhabit- 
ants of Anamosa and vicinity to attend two flag presentations; one to Captain 
Bueirs company and one to Captain Warner's company, and the departure 
of Captain Buell's company for camp at Davenport, Captain Warner's company 
having already left for the same place the week previous. 

Early in the morning, teams and people began to come and Captain Buell's 
company formed in front of the Fisher House, under First Lieutenant Calkins, 
preceded by the Anamosa Brass Band, and next by the ladies who got up and 
were to present the flags, and followed by the soldiers in ranks, the procession 
marched to the hill west of the depot, where the ceremonies took place. 

The committees were: For Captain Buell's company — Mrs. L. A. Eberhart, 
Miss Eliza Isbell and Miss Emma May; Standard Bearers, Miss Emma May 
and Miss Lecia Hopkins. For Captain Warner's company — Mrs. P. Smith, 
Miss Carrie Heacox and Miss Emma Crane; Standard Bearers, Miss Alice 
Crane and Miss Marcia Crane. Miss Eliza Isbell presented the flag to Captain 
Buell's company, with the following eloquent remarks: 

Captain BuelL It is with intense emotion that we are called to mingle in 
these passing scenes. That the present state of our country requires the sacri- 
fice of such a noble band of men, is a fact which thrills our hearts with pain. 
Yet we greatly admire that lofty patriotism which leads you thus to turn away 
from the comforts and endearments of home to serve our country. It requires 
far more than ordinary devotion to the cause of freedom, and it is in token of 
our appreciation of such devotion that we present to you these our national 
colors. Never have we loved the Stars and Stripes as we do now. They have 



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128 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

indeed become a bond of union between the hearts of all true American free- 
men, and never will we yield our glorious standard to the hand of tyranny or 
oppression. 

We give it to you, knowing that you love it, that you will protect it, that you 
will fight until our flag shall wave from north to south, from shore to shore 
of our loved and native land. Our patriotic enthusiasm is aroused as we b^n 
to realize the glory of those deeds which have been accomplished under the 
shadow of our national banner. But it is mingled with thoughts of indignation 
against those who trample it in the dust. 

From our hearts we bid you God-speed in the contest between liberty and 
despotism. 

iK ♦ Ik Ik Ik Ik 

Then accept this humble offering from the ladies of Anamosa; and whilst you 
are engaged in the strife abroad, we, with weaker hands, but with patriotic hearts, 
will plead with the Invisible One in behalf of those who defend our rights, and 
for the speedy triumph of our holy cause. That the shield of the Eternal may 
be your defense, that each one of you may return to your homes, crowned with 
the glory of successful warfare, that you may yet behold this nation restored to 
prosperity, and so purified by this fearful struggle as to become a fit model to the 
nations of the earth, is a prayer in which our inmost souls shall daily join. But 
should any of these proud forms be laid low by traitors' hands, it will be falling 
nobly. Our grateful hearts shall cherish the memory of your patriotism, and if 
you are as faithful in the service of God as we believe you will be in that of your 
country, it will be passing away with earthly laurels on your brows to unfading 
crowns above. 

Captain Buell responded in a feeling manner, thanking the ladies for their 
beautiful gift, and pledging himself to defend it to the best of his ability. Three 
cheers were then given for the ladies of Anamosa, three more for the Stars and 
Stripes, and three more for the Jones County Volunteers. 

The next flag was now brought forward and presented to Captain Warner, 
who had tarried behind his company for a few days. Miss Carrie Heacox made 
the presentation in few but feeling words, as follows : 

Captain Warner: In behalf of the ladies of Anamosa, I present you this 
flag, and with it, I assure you, go our spontaneous sympathies and our heartfelt 
considerations for you and yours. Go, brave men, to defend the American flag 
and the sacred rights guaranteed to us by our glorious Constitution. With you 
go our fervent prayers and fondest hopes that you may return with this flag vic- 
torious, and that it may ever wave over the land of the free and the home of 
the brave. God bless you. Captain, and your noble-hearted men. We bid you 
an afi^ectionate farewell. 

Captain Warner thanked the ladies in behalf of his company, for the flag, 
and said they would always hold them in grateful remembrance. 

The flags were got up handsomely by the ladies of Anamosa, and the his- 
torian takes pleasure in recording the event to their honor. The presentation, 
and, in short, the whole affair, showed the depth and intensity of the feeling 
which pervaded the whole community, in regard to the war and its objects. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 129 

The cars had now arrived from Springville; the noble boys and their officers 
entered, and away they went toward the seat of war. 

FAREWELL SUPPER. 

A number of Masons and Odd Fellows having joined the companies which 
had left the county recently, the members of the two orders united in getting 
up a supper for the brothers who were going to the war. The supper came off 
on Friday evening, November i, 1861. The members, with a large company 
of ladies, met in Odd Fellows' Hall about 8 o'clock, J. H. Fisher, Esq., acting 
as chairman. After music by the Anamosa band and singing by Messrs. 
Shaw, Lamson, Holmes and Smith, Captain Buell was called for, who came for- 
ward and made a brief but eloquent and patriotic address. 

Lieutenant Calkins was then called for, and made a short address. 

From this place, those present repaired to the city hall, where three long 
tables w ere spread with the substantial and delicacies. 

After all had satisfied their hunger, the chairman announced that J, D. Wal- 
worth had been appointed toast reader. The following were the toasts and 
responses : 

The Iowa Volunteers — May they all prove as brave as the Iowa First. 

Response, Three cheers for the Iowa First. 

loiK^a — A model to the States of our Union in hearty response to the call of 
freedom, and in her devotion to science and literature. 

Col. H\ T. Shaw — May he command the confidence of the brave men he 
is appointed to lead. 

Response by Captain Buell. 

Music — The inspirer of our most hallowed religious and patriotic emotions; 
a source of most exalted pleasure, and one which exerts the most powerful in- 
fluence upon the destiny of a nation. 

Song by Messrs. R. F. Shaw, Lamson, Holmes and Smith. 

The loiva Volunteers — May they put a full Dott to the rebellion. 

Response by Robert Dott. 

May the fair hands which prepared this sumptuous repast receive ample re- 
ward by enjoying the satisfaction that brave hearts have gone forth better pre- 
pared for the existing emergency. 

Response by John McKean. 

The lotva Volunteers — May Heaven's blessings be theirs. 

Response by Rev. S. A. Benton. 

Our Country's Arms — ^The fair arms of daughters and the /ir^-arms of her 
sons ; may the embrace of the one ever be the reward of an honorable use of the 
other. 

Response by C. T. Lamson. 

After singing Bums' Farewell, the company dispersed, 

SANITARY COMMISSION. 

The ladies of Wyoming met November 20, 1861, for the purpose of organ- 
izing a society auxiliary to the "Army Sanitary Commission of the State of 
fowa," having for its object the relief of the sick and wounded in hospitals. 



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130 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Mrs. W. H. Holmes was called to the chair, after which the following offi- 
cers were elected: President, Mrs. O. B. Lowell; vice-president, Mrs. A. W. 
Pratt; secretary, Mrs. J. R. Stillman; treasurer, Miss Martha White; depositary, 
Mrs. A. G. Brown. 

Committee to Solicit Contributions, Mrs. J. McDonough, Mrs. J. DeWitt, 
Mrs. J. Richards, Mrs. R. Freeman, Mrs. D. Hogeboom, Miss R. Huckle, Miss 
L. Gilbert and Miss R. Green. 

The society voted to meet Tuesday afternoon of each week for the purpose of 
making such articles as are needed in the hospitals and to receive donations for 
the same object. 

The ladies of Monticello formed a "Soldiers' Aid Society" at about the same 
time with the following officers : 

President, Mrs. E. P. Kimball; vice-president, Mrs. C. E. Wales; secretary, 
Mrs. J. Reiger; treasurer, Mrs. N. Comstock; depositary, Mrs. G. S. Eastman. 
Directors — Mrs. W. H. Merriman, Mrs. J. L. Davenport and Mrs. G. S. Eastman. 

Committee of Solicitations. Mrs. T. C. West, Mrs. H. Rosa and Mrs. J. 
P. Sleeper. 

The society met every Wednesday afternoon. 

An efficient organization was organized at Anamosa also, about the same 
time, with the following officers : 

President, Mrs. O. P. Isbell; treasurer, Mrs. B. F. Shaw; secretary. Miss 
Eliza Isbell. 

Committee on Supplies, Mrs. L. Eberhart, Mrs. Israel Fisher, Miss Mary 
Work. 

Committee on Forwarding. Mrs. L. Deitz, Mrs. E. Littlefield, Miss Eliza 
Isbell. 

These societies did much good and the supplies forwarded at sundry times 
were properly appreciated by the sick and wounded in the hospitals. A num- 
ber of other similar organizations were instituted in different parts of the 
county and almost numberless meetings held. The amount of good done by 
these organizations throughout the country to alleviate the sick and wounded 
can hardly be estimated. 

FLAG PRESENTATION TO THE IOWA NINTH BY THE BOSTON LADIES. 

On the 3d of August, 1862, the Boston ladies made a flag presentation to the 
Ninth Iowa Regiment ; and, as a goodly number of the Jones county soldiers did 
noble service in that regiment, we record the details of the event in the Jones 
County History. 

The presentation of colors to a company or regiment by its friends and 
neighbors had become of common occurrence, but this presentation, by the 
ladies of Boston, to a regiment in the wilds of Arkansas, a thousand miles dis- 
tant and near the extreme western frontier — and that, too, to men who were per- 
sonally strangers to the donors — ^was an event as honorable to the boys of the 
Ninth as it was rare. 

Captain Wright, of Company C, sent the following account to the Independ- 
ence Guardian : 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 131 

Camp of the Ninth Iowa, 

Helena, August 3, 1862. 

Today has been a proud and glorious day for the Iowa Ninth. At 2 o'clock 
this afternoon, we were called into line, not to fight, but to receive one of the 
finest stands of regimental colors in the army of the southwest, presented us by 
the ladies of Boston, Massachusetts. 

The regimental flag is white silk on one side and crimson on the other. On 
the white side is beautifully inscribed, in gilt letters "Pea Ridge, Arkansas, March 
7 and 8, 1862." In the center, held by two greyhounds, is the scroll with the 
words, *'Iowa Greyhounds." This is over the eagle, which is in the center of the 
flag, with the Iowa coat of arms, all of which is encircled with a beautiful gold 
border. On the other side, handsomely embellished in gold letters, are the words, 
*'From your countrywomen of Massachusetts," with the coat of arms of the old 
Bay State, and the words, "Pea Ridge," again inscribed on the field under the coat 
of arms, with the same border. On the flag-staflf is a fine gold-bronzed eagle, 
with a splendid gold tassel in his mouth. The staflf is so arranged that the flag 
can be detached by a spring and folded in a moment, making it very convenient, 
if you wish to fold it in a hurry. 

The other is the national flag, with its blue field and its broad stripes, one 
large star in the center of the field, encircled with thirty-four more in a gold 
ring or border, and the words "Pea Ridge, March 7 and 8, 1862," inside the 
circle — the flag-staff and tassel the same as the other. 

Need I tell you that we were proud when those beautiful flags were unfurled 
to the breeze, to be carried forward to victory by the Iowa Ninth? If you could 
have seen those patriotic tears roll down the cheeks of our brave boys, while our 
noble Colonel, with a heart almost too full for utterance, was replying to the 
patriotic sentiment of the mothers and sisters of Massachusetts, you would join 
with me in saying the flag is in safe hands. 

COPY OF THE ADDRESS OF BOSTON LADIES ON PRESENTATION OF FLAGS. 

Our Countrymen — Soldiers of the Ninth Iowa Regiment: 

We desire to present you with these, our national colors, as an evidence of 
our interest in you as soldiers of the Union, and as a token of our grateful ad- 
miration for the valor and heroism displayed by you on the memorable field of 
Pea Ridge. ♦ ♦ ♦ 

We have anxiously looked for tidings of you, from those early September 
days when you were first assembled at Camp Union, to the cold, dark days of the 
late winter ; and, although the order onward was long delayed, yet, when it came, 
so readily did you obey it that we found it no easy task, even in our imagina- 
tion, to keep up with the "double-quick'* of the "Iowa Greyhounds." The memory 
of the patient devotion with which you have unfalteringly borne toil, fatigue, 
hunger and privation, and the recollection of your brave and gallant deeds on 
the 7th and 8th of March, 1862, will long be treasured in our hearts; and, al- 
though we think with sorrow of the sad price of such a victory, and the un- 



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132 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

bidden tears must flow at the thought of the brave hearts now stilled forever, 
yet we feel a pride in the consciousness that her noble sons feel no sacrifice too 
great for their and our beloved country. 

God bless the Union ! God bless you and all soldiers of the Union armies 1 is 
the fervent prayer of your countrywomen in Massachusetts. 

Boston, Massachusetts, July lo, 1862. 

William Vanderver, colonel of the regiment, made reply, addressing the 
soldiers of his command in a brief but pathetic and patriotic style. 

ANOTHER OFFERING FROM JONES COUNTY. 

Thursday, August 14, 1862, was another day of unusual interest to Mon- 
ticello and to the citizens of Jones county. 

On the day mentioned, the recruits enlisted under Farwell and Jones, of Mon- 
ticello. and Blodgett of Bowen's Prairie, came swarming in from Monticello, 
Bowen's Prairie, Scotch Grove, Wayne, Cass, Castle Grove and other towns, and 
proceeded across the river at Monticello, to Clark's Grove, where preparations 
had been made to receive them. They were attended by the Anamosa band, 
several bands of martial music and a crowd of citizens numbering nearly two 
thousand. 

Here the crowd listened to speeches from Rev. Mr. Dimmitt, Prof. Hudson 
and many others. Dinner was served and a good time was had, and a large 
number added to the enlistment — about forty enrolling themselves and becom- 
ing soldiers for the Union. Patriotic feeling ran high and could not endure 
expressions of rebel sympathy. A few citizens, who would have been at home 
in a more southern latitude, became very obnoxious by their disloyal criticisms. 
Some of these were "interviewed" this day by a concourse of incensed Union- 
ists, and were compelled, by hempen persuasion, to take the "Oath of Allegi- 
ance." One prominent offender escaped by aid of a fleet horse and gathering 
darkness; a few were taken from their beds at midnight, but safely returned, 
after being impressively sworn to loyalty and Unionism. The soldiers would 
have committed violence, had they not been restrained by their newly elected 
officers. 

An election was held and resulted in the choice of the following cheers: 
-captain, S. S. Farwell, of Monticello; first lieutenant. Rev. F. Amos, of 
Scotch Grove; second lieutenant, James G. Dawson, of Wayne; orderly, F. H. 
Blodgett, of Bowen's Prairie. 

THE DRAFT. 

Notwithstanding the unbounded enthusiasm and the large number of volun- 
teers, it became necessary to resort to forcible enlistments in Jones county. 

The following table shows how many men each township had failed to raise 
in order to fill its quota up to December 12, 1862, and how many had been 
raised in excess of quota ; also the number of men required to be raised in each 
township by draft or volunteer enlistment by the ist of January, 1863 : 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 133 

Number 
to be 
Townships. Deficit. Excess. Drafted. 

Cass 4 . . i 

Castle Grove 22 . . 7 

Clay 25 .. 8 

Fairview 4 . . i 

Greenfield 26 . . 9 

Hale 5 . . 

Jackson 5 . . 2 

Madison 7 

Monticello 4 . . i 

Oxford 4 . . I 

Richland 23 . . 8 

Rome 8 .. 

Scotch Grove 10 

Washington 14 '. . 5 

Wayne 10 . . 3 

Wyoming 36 

141 66 46 

It will be seen by the above table, furnished by S. F. Glenn, draft commis- 
sioner of Jones county at the time, that Wyoming carried off the banner, and 
Scotch Grove was next in furnishing volunteers. 

THE FLAG OF THE NINTH IOWA. 

After the Vicksburg campaign, the flag presented to the regiment by the Mas- 
sachusetts ladies having become tattered and torn in the bloody strife, was re- 
turned to its donors as evidence that it had faithfully served its purpose. While 
the Ninth was on its way home to enjoy a brief furlough, as re-enlisted veterans, 
another flag reached them from the ladies of the old Bay State. On this flag were 
the following inscriptions : 

"Ninth Iowa Volunteers — 1863 — from Massachusetts." "Pea Ridge, March 
7 and 8. 1862." "Chickasaw Bayou, Dec. 29, 1863." "Arkansas Post, January 
II, 1863." "Jackson, May 14, 1863." "Vicksburg, May 19 and 22, and July 4, 
1863." 

The excitement growing out of the prospect of a draft was such that vol- 
unteer enlistments continued to such an extent that no draft was had until about 
the 1st of November, 1864. The number drafted was not large and those who 
were thus made soldiers, proved themselves brave and valiant men. It is proper 
to state, also, that it was afterward ascertained that the quota of the state was full 
at the time the draft was ordered, and therefore, ought not to have been made. 

Washington's birthday at anamosa, 1864. 

The 22d of February, 1864, was made the occasion of a festival in honor 
of the veteran soldiers who were at home at the time, on a short furlough. The 



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134 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

morning opened with beautiful weather and so it continued through the entire 
day, the only drawback being mud to the depth of one to three inches, where 
the snow had disappeared. In the afternoon the people and soldiers came in on 
foot, on horseback and in wagons. At 5 o'clock, the soldiers came into Odd Fel- 
lows' hall, under charge of their officers, and an address of welcome to the Iowa 
Veterans was made by W. G. Hammond, and the response by Captain McKean, 
of Company D, of the Ninth. 

A sumptuous supper was then served at city hall, and at least six hundred 
persons partook of the repast. Still there was enough and to spare, and bas- 
ket fu Is were gathered up and distributed to widows and others, with whom for- 
tune had dealt more or less unkindly. 

After supper, the hall of the Odd Fellows was again full. The following 
were the toasts on the occasion : 

The Day tvc Celebrate, 

Response by C. R. Scott. 

The Iowa Ninth — ^The heroes of Pea Ridge, Chickasaw Bayou, Arkansas 
Post, Jackson, Vicksburg, Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge. 

Response by cheers and band. 

lozva — Many daughters have done virtuously, but thou hast excelled them 
all. 

Response by G. W. Field. 

The Patriotic Dead — Green be their graves, sweet their rest and hallowed 
their memory. 

Response by the choir. 

The American Union — What God hath joined together, let no rebel put 
astmder. 

Response by Jutlge McCarn, and band. 

The Union Army — May its distinguishing characteristics be fortitude in the 
hour of disaster, courage in the hour of danger and mercy in the hour of victory. 

Response by John McKean. 

The American Eagle, 

Response by the choir. 

Abraham Lincoln — Like Washington, first in war, first in peace, and first 
in the hearts of his countrymen. 

Response by Rev. O. W. Merrill. 

The following volunteer toast was handed in by John Peet: 

The American Eagle — May she conquer all her foes and establish a per- 
manent resting-place in the center of our Union, with her wings extending from 
the Atlantic to the Pacific, holding the stars and stripes in one of her talons and 
the sword of justice in the other, and in her beak the Declaration of Independ- 
ence, as a surety to the oppressed of all nations that here they can find protection; 
and may her tail be expanded over some northern cavern where rebel sympa- 
thizers and Tories may hide from the sight of historians, that our history may 
not be tarnished by a record of their infamy. 

Altogether, the day passed and terminated happily to all concerned. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 135 

THE FOURTEENTH IOWA INFANTRY. 

The Fourteenth Iowa Volunteer Infantry was organized by authority of the 
war department, under a call for three hundred thousand troops for three years, 
and mustered into service on the 6th of November, 1861. 

Previous to the completion of the muster of the regiment, three companies, 
A, B and C, were detached and sent on service to Fort Randall, Dakota Terri- 
tory, where they remained until the fall of 1862, when authority gave organiza- 
rion to three new companies in lieu of those detached. On the 27th and 28th of 
November, 1861, the command — seven companies— embarked for Benton bar- 
racks, and remained in this camp of instruction until the 5th of February, 1862, 
when they again embarked for Fort Henry, Tennessee, and arrived there on the 
8th. On the 12th, they took up line of march for Fort Donelson, Tennessee, 
and were in the engagement on the left of the army, daily, the 13th, 14th and 
15th. Remained at Fort Donelson until the 7th of March, and embarked for 
Pittsburg Landing, and arrived there on the i8th inst. On the 6th of April, 
the army was attacked, and the Fourteenth moved out in position on the left of 
the Fourth Brigade, Second Division, Army of the Tennessee. The regiment 
was engaged from 7 o'clock a. m., until 5 :40 p. m., when the command was sur- 
rendered by Brigadier General Prentiss to the enemy as prisoners of war, and 
were held as such until the 12th day of October, 1862, when they were released 
on parole, sent to Benton barracks for reorganization, and declared exchanged 
November 19, 1862. On the 31st of March, 1862, two new companies, A and B, 
joined the regiment. Left Benton barracks, April 10, 1863 ; embarked on board 
of transports for Cairo, Illinois, where they remained until June 21, during 
which time they were joined by Company C, a new company, when they em- 
barked for Columbus, Kentucky. On the 22d of January, 1864, the regiment 
moved on board a transport for Vicksburg, Mississippi, where it was assigned 
to the Second Brigade, Third Division, Sixteenth Army Corps. Was on the ex- 
pedition that went from Vicksburg to Meridian, Mississippi, in the month of 
February, 1864, under command of Brigadier General Major Sherman, and on 
the expedition up Red River, Louisiana, in the months of March, April and May, 
under command of Major General Banks. Was in the battle of Fort De Russey, 
March 14, and the battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana, April 9, 1864, and battle 
of Yellow Bayou, Louisiana, May 18, 1864. 

The regiment was in the battle of Lake Chicot, Arkansas, June 6, 1864, and 
arrived at Memphis, Tennessee, June 10, 1864. Four companies left Jefferson 
Barracks, September 25, by rail for Pilot Knob, Missouri, and were in the battle 
of Pilot Knob September 27. The remainder of the regiment left Jefferson Bar- 
racks October 2, with General A. J. Smith's army, in pursuit of the rebel, Gen- 
eral Price. Returned to St. Louis, Missouri, November 2, arrived at Daven- 
port, Towa, for muster-out, November 2, 1864. 

The Fourteenth Regiment was largely made up of Jones county boys, and 
commanded by Colonel W. T. Shaw, of Anamosa. 



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136 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

RE-UNION AT MONTICELLO, AUGUST I4, 1865. 

Monday, the 14th of August, 1865, was made memorable to the citizens of 
Jones county by reason of the Soldiers* reunion on that day at Monticello. 
The exercises took place in the grove north of the river, and on the identical 
spot where three years before Company H, of the Thirty-first Iowa, was organized. 
Company H displayed a trophy, as a memento of the rebellion, a large flag, cap- 
tured in Columbia, South Carolina, on the 17th of February, 1865, when the com- 
pany entered that city. 

The arms and accouterments of Captain Alderman's company, brought in 
boxes on the train, having arrived on the ground, the soldiers of Company H 
and some others were soon engaged in arraying themselves. The "boys in blue" 
were here entirely at home. They chatted, laughed and joked during the process, 
and worked with a perfect abandon and as though they were still in the woods 
of Alabama and Georgia. This work accomplished, the dnrnis, in another part 
of the grove, beat the roll-call, and the soldiers streamed along through tfie 
crowd, closely followed by the lighter legs of the children, and these by tlie 
grown people. Two lines of soldiers were at once in position. Major Farwell, 
Captain Burdick and Captain McKean were the officers in command. The sol- 
diers, about eighty in number, went through guard mounting and inspection, and 
were intently watched by the spectators; this over, the boys were drilled for a 
time, greatly to the admiration and pleasure of many spectators. The drill over, 
the boys marched to the old position in front of the benches, and, after some 
additional exercises, stacked arms. The speaking was then commenced. W. H. 
Walworth was president of the day, who offered introductory remarks. 

Prayer by Rev. Mr. Kimball. 

Music by the band. 

Welcome address by W. H. Walworth. 

Response by Lieutenant Amos. 

Music by the Monticello Glee Qub. 

Address by Captain M. P. Smith, of Company C, Thirty-first Iowa. 

Music by the Anamosa brass band. 

Picnic dinner. 

AFTERNOON. 

Martial music. 

Volunteer toasts and responses : 

"Resolved, That our late war was only the supplement to our Revolution with 
England, and has only completed the work of establishing the inalienable rights 
of humanity and justice between man and his fellow man.'* 

Responded to by Professor J. Nolan, of Cascade. 

"Jeff Datns — Occupying an elevated position in the South, may he occupy a 
still more elevated position in the North." 

Responded to by Rev. Mr. Buttolph. 

"What the soldiefs fought for. may we all remember." 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 137 

Response by Captain O. Burke, Company B, Fourteenth Iowa Veteran Vol- 
unteers. 

Rev. Mr. Miller, of Cascade, Professor Allen, of Hopkinton, and Elder Kay 
and Lieutenant Hill, of Cascade, also spoke with good effect. Mr. A. Gilbert 
spoke feelingly. He had lost two sons in the war, one being shot dead, and the 
other dying in a rebel prison. The addresses, one and all, were appropriate and 
fitting to the time and the occasion. 

A general rejoicing was had that the war was ended and peace restored. 

COL. WILLIAM T. SHAW, OF ANAMOSA. 

The name of this gentleman is so identified with the history of Jones cotmty, 
particularly its military history, that a brief biographical sketch of that distin- 
guished soldier and citizen seems altogether apropos. 

Colonel William Tuckerman Shaw was bom September 22, 1822, at Steuben, 
Washington county, Maine. He was the son of Colonel William N. Shaw and 
Nancy Stevens, his wife, of the above place, and, after receiving his education 
in the Maine Wesleyan Seminary, went to Kentucky as a teacher; but the 
war with Mexico breaking out, he enlisted in the Second Kentucky Infantry 
Regiment, Colonel McKee, commander. He served to the close of the war, par- 
ticipating in the memorable battle of Buena Vista, and was in the thickest of 
the fight on the hill-slope and ravine where it raged with greatest fury. After 
the declaration of peace, he aided in clearing our southwestern borders of hostile 
Indians who were annoying the border settlers. 

Having obtained a reputation for noble daring, he was chosen, in 1849, ^ 
the leader of the first party which crossed the plains to California, leaving Fort 
Smith, Arkansas, via Santa Fe. The party consisted of thirty-six men, from 
New York, Kentucky, Louisiana and Arkansas. 

After returning, he made another trip, starting from Council Bluffs, and at 
this time had but a single associate, but made the journey in safety. 

In 1853, ^^ came into Jones county and settled at Anamosa, where he con- 
tinued to reside until his death in 1909. 

At the outbreak of the rebellion in 1861, he was among the first in Jones 
county to buckle on the sword to fight for the Union. On the 24th of Octo- 
ber of that year, he was elected colonel of the Fourteenth Iowa Infantry R^- 
ment, which owed its organization very largely to his instrumentality. A his- 
tory of the regiment is given elsewhere. 

Colonel Shaw distinguished himself in every engagement in which his com- 
mand took part, as an able and efficient commander. He was advanced to the 
command of the Second Brigade, Third Division, Sixteenth Army Corps, and 
it is historic that it was owing to his indomitable courage and military skill that 
the army of General Banks was saved from utter defeat and capture in the Red 
River expedition. It was on this memorable occasion that Colonel Shaw acquired 
the title of "Grim Fighting Old Shaw." 

After the Red River expedition, his command was sent to assist in driving 
the rebel General Price out of Missouri, and was successful in so doing. 

His term of service having expired, he was relieved by the following order: 



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138 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Headquarters Right Wing Sixteenth Army Corps. 
Harrisonville, Mo., October 29, 1864. 
Special Order No. 132. 

I. Colonel W. T. Shaw, Fourteenth Iowa Infantry Volunteers, is relieved 
from command of the Third Division, Sixteenth Army Corps, and will forthwith 
rejoin his regiment at Davenport, Iowa. The quartermaster will furnish trans- 
portation for himself and authorized servants. 

II. In relieving Colonel Shaw from the conmiand of the Third Division, 
prior to his being mustered out, it is but an act of justice to an energetic, thorough 
and competent officer to say that for the last fifteen months he has been in this 
command, as commanding a post, brigade and division, and in every position has 
performed the incumbent duties faithfully and well, with an ability that few 
can equal, with courage, patriotism and skill above question. The service loses 
an excellent officer when he is mustered out. By order of 

J. Hough, A. A. G. Major General A. J. Smith. 

As Colonel Shaw was about to part with his compatriots in arms, the officers 
of his command presented him with a costly sword and scabbard — one of the 
most beautiful and tasteful weapons ever made. He returned to his home at 
Anamosa, Iowa, and during the remainder of his life was engaged in farming, 
banking, railroading and real-estate business. Many of the public enterprises of 
Jones county are largely the result of the energy, skill and perseverance of 
Colonel Shaw. A more extended biography of Colonel Shaw will be found in 
Volume II of this history. 

soldiers' memento — left-hand writing. 

In the latter part of the year 1867, W. O. Bourne, editor of the Soldiers^ 
Friend, New York, and others, oflFered premiums for the best specimens of left- 
hand writing by soldiers who had lost their right arms in the war of the rebel- 
lion. The premiums were awarded in October of that year. There were ten 
premiums of $50 each, and each premium being named after some distinguished 
general or admiral, thus: Grant Premium, etc. Each soldier obtaining a pre- 
mium was rewarded also by an autograph letter from the officer from whom 
the premium was named. The only Iowa soldier who received a premium of 
this nature is Morgan Bumgardner, Company B, Ninth Iowa Volunteer Infan- 
try, and a resident of Jones county. He was awarded the Sheridan premium. 

The following is the letter of General Sheridan : 

Fifth Avenue Hotel, October 3, 1867. 
To Morgan Bumgardner, Company B, Ninth Iowa Volunteer Infantry: 

It is gratifying to me to inform you that the manuscript prepared by you has 
been selected for the Sheridan Premium, offered by William Oland Bourne, 
editor of the Soldiers' Friend, New York. 

I am happy thus to recognize the success of a soldier who has lost his right 
arm for his country. In the battle of life before you, remember that the true 
hero may sometimes suffer disaster and disappointment, but he will never sur- 
render his virtue or his honor. 

Cordially wishing you success and reward in life. I am yours, etc., 

P. H. Sheridan, Major General, U. S. A. 



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SAMS SPRING ON THE BUFFATX) 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



141 



HISTORY OF COMPANY B, NINTH IOWA REGIMENT VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 

{Taken from the record prepared by D, E. Rummel at the close of the wa/r.) 

Company B, Ninth Regiment Iowa Veteran Voltmteer Infantry, First Bri- 
gade First Division Fifteenth Army Corps. Organized in Jones cotmty, Iowa, 
August, 1861. Mustered into United States service for three years, September 
2, 1861 ; re-enlisted, January i, 1864. Company B, Ninth, Iowa, was composed 
largely of the citizens who enlisted from Rome and adjoining townships. 



COMPANY OFFICERS. 

♦Captain, John W. Niles 
♦First Lieutenant, Walter James 

CORPORALS. 

♦David E. Rummel 

♦Silas H. Stall, wd., May 22nd, 1863 

♦Irvin Finch 

♦Ambrose U. Harrison 



♦George L. Johnston 

♦Aquila B. Crow, wd., May 20, 1863. 

SERGEANTS. 

♦ist William J. Graham, wd, 11-27, 62 
♦Samuel Robinson 
♦Andrew H. Hall 
♦William Starry 
♦Samuel P. Kerr. 



MEMBERS IN THE RANKS. 

♦Hugh, Alexander 

♦Blakely, Nelson D. wA Aug. 31-64 

Bryan, William J. 

Brown, James M. 

Cox, Albert 

Covert, Alonzo W. 

Craig 

Denny, Ebenezer 
♦Fry, Enoch, wd. May 22-63 

Fisher, Jonathan C. 

Gilmore, Charles 

Green, Albert, wd Mar. 21-65 

Gippert, Jacob 

Gorsuch, Andrew 

Holmes, Austin C. 

Homcsby, Marion 

Hart, James T. 

Jones, Jonathan 

Jenkins, John 

Lukecart, James 



Moore, John D. 

Moore, James 

Miller, Robert H. 
♦Matteson, Daniel M. 

McKennie, James R. 

McCardle, James 

Porter, George 

Palmer, Henry C. 

Phipps, James T. 

Rudd, Harvey 
♦Roberts, Lyman A. 
♦Stillman, James R. 
♦Stuart, Charles T. 

Stuart, John A. 
♦Sealls, Amos 
♦Voile, John 

Vaughn, Samuel I. 
♦Warner, James M. 
♦Weaver, Francis 
♦Wells, Eli V. 

Yeager, Harvey B. 



TRANSFERRED. 



Captain Don A. Carpenter, promoted to major, August i, 1862. 
Sergeant William T. Peet, January 6, 1864, Volunteer Regiment Company. 
Private George C. Crane, January 6, 1864, Volunteer Regiment Company. 
David W. Dunham, September i, 1863, Volunteer Regiment Company. 
William Crook, October 9, 1861, Company K. 



• Veteran 



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142 



HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



MUSTERED OUT FOR 

Capt. Paul McSweeney, Jan. 15-65 
Sergt. Jas. B. Stephens, Sept. 24-64 
Sergt. John M. Mason, Sept. 24-64 
tCorp. WilHam H. GHck, Sept. 24-64 
Barker^ Uzal, Sept. 24-64 
Colby, David, Sept. 24-64 
McGowan, Calvin, Sept. 24-64 
Torrence, Adam C, Sept. 24-60 
Thomas, John, Sept. 24-64 



EXPIRATION OF SERVICE. 

2nd Lieut. Wm. L. Jennings, Sept* 
22-64 

Sergt. Qement H. Lane, Sept. 24-64 

Corp. Owen Farley, Sept. 24-64 
tAiler, Geo. F., Sept. 24-64 
t Baldwin, Marcello O., Sept. 24-64 
tHull, Benj. E., Sept. 24-64 

Rich, Nelson, Sept. 24-64 
t Welch, James M., Sept. 22-64 



DISCHA&GBD 



First Sergeant Lorenzo D. Carlton, 

December 22, 1862. 
t First Sergeant Morgan Bumgardner, 

November 30, 1863. 
Sergeant Edward H. Handy, July 29, 

1862. 
Corporal John M. Price, December 6, 

1862. 
Corporal Morgan Crane, January 12, 

1864. 
Colby, Charles, December 23, 1861. 
Hammond, George, December 31, 

1861. 
Sherman, Benedict, January 18, 1862. 
Arnold, Riley, January 18, 1862. 
Overacker, Horace T., January 18, 

1862. 
Green, Benton, January 27, 1862. 
Finch, Elkanah D., March, 1862. 
Merritt, Horatio N., March 11, 1862. 
Tarbox, Manville, January 18, 1862. 
Taylor, Isum, May 2. 1862. 
Freeman, Hannibal, April 18, 1862. 



Whitney, John H., May 13, 1862. 
Hagar, Horace, July 4, 1862. 
Isabel, Jonas, July 29, 1862. 
Wade, Aaron L., July 24, 1862. 
McGuigan, Thomas, August 27, 1862. 
Works, Joseph S., August 9, 1862. 
Brickley, James T., October 9, 1862. 
Steward, Joshua, October 13, 1862. 
McCarty, Charles, December 11 ^ 

1862. 
Brown, James J., Dec. 11, 1862. 
Winn, Welcome B., December 6, 

1862. 
tBates, Charles, December 19, 1862. 
McMillan, James, March 11, 1863. 
Miller, David E., March 11, 1863. 
Qeaveland, Richard J., March 21^ 

1863. 
Green, Jasper, April 21, 1863. 

S , Joseph, September 7, 1863. 

Robinson, Samuel O., February 4^ 

1864. 
Metcalf, Arthur, December 8, 1864. 



MISSING IN ACTION. 

Long, Daniel R., May 27, 1864. Hitchcock, Thomas N., May 27, 1864. 



DEATHS. 



First Lieutenant Jacob Jones, killed 

May 22, 1863. 
Sergeant Thomas W. Blizzard, killed 

May 22, 1863. 
Corporal Isaac Walker, killed May 

22, 1863. 



Corporal George H. Bowers, killed 
May 19, 1863. 

Corporal Louis J. Tourtellot, died 
March 20, 1863. 

Corporal Jonathan Luther, died Nov- 
ember 2, 1864, in prison at An- 
dersonville, Georgia. 



t Wounded 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



143 



Easterly, Lawrence, died January 25, 

1862. 
Osbom, John V., killed March 7, 

1862. 
Ensign, Devolso B., died April 12, 

1862. 
Harrison, Benjamin F., April 30, 

1862. 
Sterling, George G., June 6, 1862. 
Bunce, Theo. L., February i, 1863. 
Gault, Moses, March 11, 1863. 
Irvin, Isaac, killed May 20, 1863. 
Mattison, Elisha C, killed May 22, 

1863. 
Eastbum, Charles, killed June 30, 

1863. 



Fuller, Oliver N., October 15, 1863. 

Long, Joel, December 22, 1863. 

Cornwell, John L., Nevember 30, 
1863. 

Beaman, Daniel, March 17, 1864. 

Long, George W., killed May 27, 
1864. 

Robinson, Henry, killed Jtme 23, 
1864. 

Steward, William, July 5, 1864. 

Robinson, Isaac R., of wounds, Aug- 
ust 28, 1864. 

Weeks, Stephen M., October 15, 1864. 

Seeley, Norman, in prison at Ander- 
sonville, Georgia, April 20, 1864. 



ENGAGEMENTS. 

Sugar Creek, Arkansas, February 17, Resac?i, Georgia, May 13, 1864. 

1862. Dallas, Georgia, May 27, 1864. 
Pea Ridge, Arkansas, March 7tli and New Hope Church, June 4, 1864. 

8th, 1862. Big Shanty, Georgia, Jime 12, 1864. 

Chickasaw Bayou, Mississippi, Decem- Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia, June 23, 

ber 29, 1862. 1864. 

Arkansas Post, Arkansas, January 11, Nicko Jack Creek, Georgia, July 6, 

1863. 1864. 

Jackson, Mississippi, May 14, 1863. Atlanta, Georgia, July 22 and 28, 1864. 

Vicksburg, Mississippi, May 19 to 22, Jonesboro, Georgia, August 31, 1864. 



1863. 

Siege of Vicksburg, May 11 to July 
4, 1863. 

Siege of Jackson, Mississippi, July 10, 
1863. 

Cherokee Station, Alabama, October 
24, 1863. 

Piney Creek, Alabama, October 27, 
1863. 

Lookout Mountain, Tennessee, Nov- 
ember 24, 1863. 

Missionary Ridge, Tennessee, Nov- 
ember 25, 1863. 

Ringold, Georgia, November 27, 1863. 



Lovejoy Station, Georgia, September 
I, 1864. 

Little River, Alabama, October 25^ 
1864. 

Savannah, Georgia, December 19^ 
1864. 

Wateree River, South Carolina, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1865. 

Columbia, South Carolina, February 
17, 1865. 

Bentonville, North Carolina, March 
21, 1865. 

Raleigh, North Carolina, April 14, 1865. 



Organized in Jones county, Iowa, August, 1861. Mustered into United States 
service for three years, September 2, 1861 ; re-enlisted, January i, 1864. 



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144 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

HISTORY OF COMPANY H, THIRTY-FIMT EEGIMBNT VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 

The following history of Company H, Thirty-first Regiment, Iowa Volunteer 
Infantry was prepared for, and read at the occasion of the dedication of the 
soldier's monument in memory of Company H, at Monticello, Iowa, May 31, 
1909, by Montgomery Marvin, of Manchester, Iowa, a member of the company. 
Company H, Thirty-first Iowa, had a number of Monticello people in its ranks. 
This data makes valuable history. — Editor, 

Ladies, Gentlemen and Comrades : As you meet today to dedicate this mon- 
lunent to Company H, Thirty-first Regiment, Iowa Infantry Volunteers, it is 
right and proper that the part which Company H took in the great struggle for 
liberty and union from 1 861 to 1865, should be fully told. This is a Company H 
Day. 

This beautiful monument is the gift of your fellow citizen and much hon- 
ored townsman. Major S. S. Farwell, who was in command of the company 
from its organization until its discharge. 

As I was a member of the company, and orderly sergeant for the greater 
part of the service, and with the company until just before the last battle in 
which they were engaged, it is proper for me to pay tribute to the donor of this 
monument as we saw him as a soldier. He was ever beloved by the men of his 
command, for he was a soldier who never shirked duty or responsibility. He was 
always interested in the welfare and comfort of his men. If they were sick or 
wounded, he would visit them, and administer what aid or comfort was possible 
and in battle he never said **go boys" but it was always "come on boys." Where 
there was danger he was ready to lead in the charge. He went where duty 
called him. The discipline of his company was second to none in the regiment. 
He did his duty faithfully and well. He knew no retreat. 

Company H was made up of young men who were your neighbors, school- 
mates, lovers, brothers and husbands. 

They were mostly young men from Scotch Grove, Wayne, Castle Grove, 
Monticello and Bowen's Prairie. They were of the best and most promising 
of your citizens. Some of you, here today, were present on that autunm day 
in September, 1862, when they took the train and left for the battlefields. You 
remember well the sad parting of fathers, mothers, wives, brothers, sisters and 
lovers with their dear ones who would never return to them again. 

Company H took an active part in the great struggle for the preservation of 
this Union. We left our rendezvous at Davenport, November i, 1862, on a 
steamboat and went to St. Louis, where we remained only a few days. From 
there we went by boat to Helena, Arkansas, where we were in camp a few weeks, 
when we left for Chickasaw Bayou up the Yazoo River. From there we went 
up the Mississippi and Arkansas rivers to Arkansas Post, January 11, 1863. 
After that battle we went down the river again to Young's Point, Louisiana, and 
took part in General Grant's winter campaign against Vicksburg. Much of the 
time there we were working on Grant's canal. In April our brigade went up the 
river to Greenville, Mississippi, and made a raid through the Deer Creek valley 
destroying corn and mills that were supplying Vicksburg with commeal. We 
also destroyed large quantities of cotton and many cotton presses. We then 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 145 

went down the river again to Millikin's Bend to find we were the rear of the 
troops to go below Vicksburg on the Louisiana side to Grand Gulf. After cross- 
ing the river we were hurried to Jackson, Mississippi, and were just in time to 
enter the city May 14, 1863. On the 15th we helped form the right wing of the 
army and marched to the investment and seige of Vicksburg where we were 
under constant fire of the enemy for forty-eight days, or until July 4, 1863, when 
the rebel army surrendered. We took part in that memorable and fatal charge 
of May 22, 1863. 

On July 5th in the early morning, we started after General Joe Johnson, 
who was on the east side of the Black River and occupied fortifications at Jack- 
son. After a few days fighting at Jackson our brigade made a flank movement to 
the north and were engaged with the enemy at Canon. The enemy retreated, 
when we returned to the west side of Black River, where we camped for about 
two months. Our ranks had become so depleted that there were scarcely enough 
able bodied men to do camp duty in the regiment. About the 20th of Septem- 
ber, we were again in motion. We took boats at Vicksburg for Memphis, then 
took transportation on the top of box-cars for Corinth, Mississippi, where we 
remained a few days and took part in the Iowa state election, in October. We 
then marched to luka, Cherokee Station and Tuscumbia, then returned to Chero- 
kee Station, and were the rear of the army to cross the Tennessee River at 
Eastport. We then marched by forced march to Chattanooga, Tennessee, to the 
relief of General Thomas. We reached there in time to be engaged in the "Bat- 
tle in the Clouds" on Lookout Mountain. November 24, 1863, and from there to 
Missionary Ridge and Ringgold. We then moved back to Bridgeport on the 
Tennessee River where we remained a few days when we marched west to 
Woodville, Alabama, for winter quarters, which place we reached on December 
31. 1863. after a hard day's march in. the rain on the railroad track. We were 
fortunate to camp in a cornfield where we could get rails enough to spread our 
blankets on to keep us out of the mud. In the morning of January i, i864t, 
many of us awakened to find our blankets frozen to the ground and the field was 
frozen so hard that the mules could pass over it without breaking through. This 
was the memorable January ist, which was the coldest and most disagreeable 
day ever experienced in the country. 

We soon moved our camp to the south slope of a hill in the timber where 
we fixed up comfortable huts made of logs and split red cedar. Many of us 
built fireplaces in our little cabins where we enjoyed our first and only "winter 
quarters" for four months. On May i, 1864. ^^ '^^^ our little village of huts, 
and started on the Atlanta campaign, which lasted for four months. We marched 
to Chattanooga then south through Snake Creek Gap and to Resaca, where we 
were hotly engaged. We then advanced and were engaged in the battles of 
Dallas. Kenesaw Mountain, Chattahoochee River, Atlanta, Jonesboro and Love- 
joy's Station. During much of this campaign, we were skirmishing and under 
fire of the enemy for many days at a time. We then returned to E^st Point, 
where we rested for about one month. On October 4th, we started north in 
pursuit of the enemy under General Hood who had swung around to our rear 
and cut our communications with the north. We marched north through Mari- 
etta to Altoona where General Coarse was entrenched, and defeated the rebel 



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146 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

amiy. We continued north to Resaca, and Snake Creek Gap, then southwest 
after the enemy into Alabama. About the time General Hood's army was cross- 
ing the Tennessee River we went back towards Atlanta and reached the vicinity 
of the Chattahoochee River north of Atlanta on November 5th. On November 
6th, eight recruits came to our company. These were Frank Hicks, John 
McConnon, John Matthews, William Galligan, Chauncey Perley, John McDonald, 
James Martin and John Clark. 

On November 8th we voted at the presidential election for the second elec- 
tion of Abraham Lincoln. The votes of our regiment at that time may be 
of interest to many, so I will give it as it appears in my diary carried at that time. 
This result also shows about the number of men present in the regiment, ten 
companies, as all with us were voters regardless of age. 

Abraham Lincoln 229 

General McClellan 30 

The vote on the state ticket was : 

Union 220 

Democratic 31 

On Jones county ticket: 

G. P. Dietz, for clerk 72 

No opposition. 

After tearing up the railroad and cutting all communication with the north, 
we started on "Sherman's march to the Sea," November 15, 1864. 

We passed through Atlanta, and on to Macon, where our second division was 
engaged. We then turned to the east and marched near the Savannah and Macon 
railroad, tearing it up and completely destroying it. On this march we fared well, 
as the country through which we passed and for miles around had more sweet 
potatoes, bacon, chickens, honey, horses, and so forth, before our visit than 
after. We arrived in the vicinity of Savannah, Georgia, December 10, where the 
enemy was well fortified, and they held us in check for ten days. Here we were 
very short on rations and were obliged to go into the rice fields and get rice 
from the straw and pound off the hulls as best we could, then cook rice and 
hulls, and make the best of it. We had but little else to eat for several days. 
Occasionally we could secure a little com or commeal brought in by our for- 
agers, and some times a little fresh meat. 

On December 21st the enemy having skedaddled during the night we marched 
within the line of the fortifications where we camped several days, and were re- 
viewed by Generals Logan and Sherman. 

We left Savannah about January 13, 1865, and went by steamer to Beau- 
fort, South Carolina, where we camped a few days when we started on our 
trip through the Carolinas. We marched northwest and north, through im- 
mense resin and turpentine forests and reached the vicinity of Columbia, on the 
15th of February, 1865. On the evening of the i6th, we were ordered to the 
front, and spent the night crossing Broad River on a rope ferry built during the 
night by the pontoon train within sight of the rebel picket fires. At daylight 
only about three regiments had crossed, when all were deployed as skirmishers, 
and advanced through the timber. The rebel pickets and reserves were taken 
in. The regiments soon after reformed in the open fields on the hills when they 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 147 

saw a carriage coming f rcwn the city carrying a white flag. Colonel Stone of the 
Twenty-fifth Iowa then in command of the brigade rode out to meet it, when 
he received the surrender of the city by the mayor, while the rear of the rebel 
troops could be seen in the distance. 

Colonel Stone then took the flag of the Thirty-first Regiment, our regiment 
being in advance, and rode into the city and placed "Old Glory" on the state 
capitol of South Carolina. The Thirty-first Regiment was the first regiment 
of Union troops to enter that stronghold of secession, on the morning of Feb- 
ruary 17, 1865, and we were eye witnesses of the great conflagration in the 
evening. 

From there we marched northeast through Camden and Cheraw to Fayette- 
ville, North Carolina, where I was ordered by the division surgeon from the 
ranks, while doing full duty, to report to the ambulance train to go down the 
river to Wilmington on a river boat which made communication with us there. 

Company H continued on the march, and soon after fought its last battle 
at Bentonville, North Carolina. It then continued its march to Raleigh and 
thence to Washington to the grand review. From there it was sent to Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, where its members were mustered out June 27, 1865. 

Company H was enlisted and organized in August, 1862, and was mustered 
into the United States service, October 13, 1862 at Davenport. The company 
then numbered ninety-four enlisted men and three commissioned officers. Dur- 
ing the year 1864, ^^ received twenty-two recruits, making a total membership 
during the service of one hundred and twenty-two men. Of this number, 
forty-seven died in the service, fourteen were discharged on account of wounds 
and disability, two were transferred and one was captured. 

Company H was in twenty-five battles and in many of them we were under 
fire for several days at a time, as will be seen on another page. 

During the year 1864, we were under fire of the enemy eighty-two days, 01 
nearly one quarter of the time, and we marched during that year one thousand, 
and eight miles. These items are taken from a diary carried by me during 
1864. From the time Company H left the state until it fought its last battle at 
Bentonville, North Carolina, it had been under fire of the enemy nearly one- 
fifth of the time. Not always on the fighting line, but either there or on the 
reserve which was usually as dangerous. The record for Company H is also a 
record for the Thirty-first Regiment so far as it relates to service. 

I might have given a more detailed record of our many battles, privations, 
scarcity of rations and incidents of marches and campaigns, but time and your 
patience forbid. 

Such was our service for the cause of liberty and imion. We did our part 
well in the great struggle for the preservation of the Union which cost the north 
three hundred thousand lives and billions of dollars in money, besides a million 
of disabled soldiers and. dependent families. It is now costing this nation mil- 
lions of dollars yearly to pay pensions to the disabled veterans and the families 
of veterans of that war. All this is what disloyalty has cost and is costing this 
nation, and still we have disloyalty in our midst. All violations of law are evi- 
dences of disloyalty. I appeal to all citizens, men, women, teachers, yes, every- 
body to make it their duty to teach loyalty, obedience to the law, then will we 



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148 



HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



truly have a powerful and united nation with no danger of a repetition of the 
terrible w'ar of 1861 to 1865. 



MEMBERS COMPANY H, WHO DIED IN THE SERVICE. 



1. Fred H Blodgett 

2. David \V. Perrine • 

3. William S. Johnson 

4. John W. Cook 

5. Samuel Williamson 

6. Edgar G. Himes 

7. Newton Bently 

8. Benjamin Batchelder 

9. William S. Campbell 
ID. Charles Whitney 

11. Samuel G. Glenn 

12. John Albertson 

13. Wallace Beckos 

14. John Breen 

15. Johnson Canfield 

16. ]\Iiles H. Corbett 



17. Ed. D. Covert 

18. Palmer Cunningham 

19. William W. Darling 

20. Jacob Dreiblebis 

21. Benjamin F. Going 

22. Wallace Goodwin 

23. Perry A. Himebaugh 

24. Cyprian Hunter 

25. Harvey Johnson 

26. Isaac S. Lawrence 

27. Harvey Lamb 

28. James W. Lightfoot 

29. William Merriman 

30. Francis Morse 

31. James Martin 

32 William R. Marvin 



33. Samuel N. McBride 

34. Oscar J. Morehouse 

35. Samuel Nelson 

36. Samuel J. Nelson 

37. Robert D. Nelson 

38. Mervin Nelson 

39. Matthew D. Nelson 

40. John Redman 

41. John P. Rearick 

42. Matthew H. Rankin 

43. Francis M. Rynerson 

44. Samuel Richardson 

45. Abner Stofer 

46. Jeremiah Spencer 

47. Jacob Smith 



MEMBERS COMPANY H DISCHARGED FOR DISABILITY. 



I. Lieutenant Franklin 

Amos 
3. Lieutenant James G. 

Dawson 
3. George A. Jones 



5. Oliver Ackerman 

6. William Bamhill 

7. Leroy H. Bumight 

8. William Dawson 

9. George C. Foster 



11. Chauncey C. Pearly 

12. William Nelson 

13. Matthias Watson 

14. William Whittemore 



4. W^illiam F. Sutherland 10. William P. Gardner 
Transferred : Samuel J. Covert, John B. Gerrett. 
Captured, John Clark. 



BATTLES TN WHICH COMPANY H WAS ENGAGED. 



1. Chickasaw Bayou 

2. Arkansas Post 

3. Thomas Plantation 

4. Black Bayou 

5. Fourteen-mile Creek 

6. Jackson. Mississippi 

7. Rear and Siege of Vicksburg 

8. Jackson (second time) 

9. Canton 

10. Cherokee Station 

1 1 . Pine Knob 

12. Tuscumbia 

13. Cherokee Station (second time) 



14. Lookout Mountain 

15. Missionary Ridge 

16. Ringgold 

17. Resaca 

18. Dallas 

IQ. Kenesaw Mountain 

20. Atlanta 

2T. Jonesboro 

22. T.ovejoys Station. 

r»3. Columbia 

^j. Savannah 

-^c. Bentonville 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 149 

DAYS UNDER FIRE DURING 1864, 

May, 11; June, 22 \ July, 8 August, 26; September, 6; December, 9. Total, 
eighty-two days. 

Marched during 1864, one thousand and eight miles. 

R. M. Marvin, 
Late Orderly Sergeant, Company H. Thirty-first Regiment, lotva. 

history of the twenty-fourth IOWA volunteer infantry. 

The following short sketch of the history of the gallant regiment of the 
Twenty-fourth Iowa Volunteer Infantry was prepared by Major Henry O'Conner 
in the Grand Army record and guardsmen, on the occasion of the reunion of the 
regiment at Marion a few years ago. Company K, which was made up largely 
of Wyoming boys, belonged to this regiment and was the only Jones county 
company in the regiment. The other companies in this regiment were : Company 
A from Jackson and Clinton counties; B and C from Cedar cotmty; D from 
Washington, Johnson and Cedar; E from Tama; F. G and H from Linn; I from 
Jackson; and K from Jones. The regiment being mustered out at Savannah, 
Georgia, July 17, 1865. 

The Twenty-fourth Iowa Infantry went into the war with a history. It was 
christened by the Thirty-fifth boys at Camp Strong, on Muscatine Island, "Kirk- 
wood's Temperance Regiment." It came out with a volume added to that history 
illuminated on every page by deeds of heroism and dauntless valor that threw away 
back in the shade the most daring deeds of Marengo, Waterloo and Inkerman. 
A picture of this regiment in a fight would be fame and fortune to the scenic 
artist who reproduced Gettysburg, Atlanta and Nashville, but I must content 
myself with a feeble attempt to tell the simple story in the plainest prose. 

The regiment was mustered into the service of the United States at Camp 
Strong, on Muscatine Island, in September, 1862. The field officers had already 
been appointed and commissioned by Governor Kirkwood. The Rev. Eben C. 
Byam, of Linn county, a distinguished minister of the Methodist church, was 
commissioned colonel; John Q. Wilds, one of the grandest of men ambng the 
Twenty- fourth, exceptionally brave, lieutenant colonel, and Ed. Wright, of 
"Old Cedar/' major. Charley Byam, then a boy, was adjutant, and his brother 
Will, a grand old man, with the frosts of twelve winters on his head, commis- 
sioned himself as "drummer boy," and made his little snare drum talk to the 
tunes of "John Brown's Body," and Moore's "Come, Ye Disconsolate." Three 
of its captains, I know, four, I believe — were Methodist preachers — Dimmitt, 
Vinson, Carbee and Casebeer. 

On the 19th of October, 1862, the regiment left Camp Strong under march- 
ing orders for St. Louis, and on their arrival at the latter city were met with 
similar orders to proceed at once to Helena. Here they remained during the 
winter, drilling, and getting a "good ready," varying the monotony of camp life 
with occasional scoutings and short expeditions. Here the Twenty-fourth spent 
the "winter of its discontent," with rain, mud, drill, dress parade, preaching, 
singing, grumbling "for the field," and here, too, under the stem rules of military 



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150 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

necessity, they lost their character and baptismal name of Kirkwood's temper- 
ance regiment. 

Their longing for the field was soon gratified. Early in the spring the regi- 
ment was attached to the Thirteenth army corps, in Grant's grand army of 
Vicksburg, and from the middle of April, when the battle began at Millikin's 
Bend, to the 22d of May, under the walls of Southern Gibralter, it may be said 
without figure of speech, that the Twenty-fourth Iowa Infantry saw nothing but 
fighting. They, like other regiments, had lost heavily by sickness duriiig their 
stay at Helena. Fifty of their number slept in southern graves, around that 
terrible Arkansas camp. But the regiment was still ready and burning for the 
fray. They missed the river at Hard Times, and watched with soldierly impa- 
tience from the old transport boat on the river their comrades storming and tak- 
ing Port Gibson. They landed and at last reached the first real field of their 
glory, far famed Champion Hills. On the i6th of May, 1863, in this terrible bat- 
tle, the Twenty- fourth regiment was in the fore front. They painted the field red 
with their blood and covered themselves with imperishable glory. Major Ed. 
Wright, throwing away the last shred of his Cedar county Quaker garb, led the 
boys into the very jaws of death. At one moment the Twenty- fourth charged 
alone a rebel battery of five guns under a rain of grape and cannister. They 
rushed on with a wild shout, trampled down the gunners, and took the battery 
and went far beyond it, driving the brave confederate army before them in the 
wildest confusion. But how dearly was their glory purchased. Major Wright 
was severely wounded. Captains Johnson and Carbee and Lieutenant Lawrence 
were killed. I knew them all well. Forty-three officers and men fell dead on the 
field, forty more were borne from it with mortal wounds to early graves. Out 
of four hundred and seventeen that entered the fight, one hundred were killed, 
wounded and captured. Not a name was returned as missing. Such was the 
record of the Methodist regiment made on the glorious field of Champion Hilk. 

It took its full part in every battle around Vicksburg, after, up to, and includ- 
ing the 23d of May, under the walls. When Vicksburg fell, the regiment was 
sent to General Banks, and skeleton that it now was, it fought its way to the 
front all through the Red River campaign. At the disastrous battle of Sabine 
Cross Roads, a handful of the Twenty-fourth 'fought like tigers and shared 
the defeat, but not the disgrace of that badly managed field. At Alexandria, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Wilds rejoined the regiment with some recruits from Iowa, 
where he had been on recruiting service. 

On the 22d of July it started by river, gulf and ocean for Alexandria, Va., 
and thence going to Harper's Ferry, became part of Sheridan's army of the Shen- 
andoah valley. At Winchester and Cedar Creek the Twenty-fourth, side by side 
with the Twenty-second Iowa, responded to Sheridan's call of "What's the mat- 
ter boys ; face the other way and follow me," and again got in their work. Three 
lieutenants, Camp (adjutant) Captain Gould and Lieutenant Dillman were killed. 
It lost an officer and seven men, only three of whom were captured. At 
Fisher's hill on the 24th of July it was again at the front, and on that bloody 
field nearly one hundred of its officers and men were killed and wounded, and 
here one of the truest and bravest of soldiers. Colonel Wilds, was killed, leaving 
his life blood on the revolutionary soil of grand old Virginia. This was the 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 151 

last fight for the Twenty-fourth. It soon after joined Sherman's grand army 
on its return march through the Carolinas. 

After literally fighting its way all round the United States the regiment came 
home to receive more kisses than the tears that were shed at its going away four 
years before. Every woman and girl in three counties that could get into line 
received it with a "present arms." If there was a bigger or braver r^ment 
in the whole union arm of one million, five himdred thousand than the Twenty- 
fourth Iowa Infantry, I have yet to read its story. It illustrated and demon- 
strated two facts, namely : that in the great communion of the Methodist church 
a traitor could find no shelter, nor in its representative r^ment could a coward 
find rest. Colonel Wright, with a well earned brigadier's star on his shoulder; 
Qark, whose modesty was only outdone by his daimtless bravery, as major 
commanding, are both still honored citizens in Iowa. Colonel Byam died two 
years ago near his old home in the state of New York, a brave soldier, bom 
gentleman, and as true a friend as man ever had. Charlie, the first adjutant, is in 
California, and Will, the drummer boy, is among Sioux City's best citizens, loved 
and respected by every one that knows him, without r^;ard to age, sex or previ- 
ous condition of servitude. 

VOLUNTEER ROSTER. 

Taken Principally from Adjutant General's Reports, 
Abbreviations. 

Adjt Adjutant inf infantry 

Art Artillery I. V. I Iowa Volimteer Infantry 

Bat Battle or Battalion kid killed 

Col Colonel Lieut Lieutenant 

Capt Captain Maj Major 

Corp Corporal m. o mustered out 

Comsy Commissary prmtd promoted 

com commissioned prisr prisoner 

cav cavalry Regt Regiment 

captd captured re-e re-enlisted 

disab ... disabled resd resigned 

disd discharged Sergt Sergeant 

e enlisted trans transferred 

excd exchanged vet veteran 

hon. disd honorably discharged V. R. C Veteran Reserve Corps 

inv invalid wd wounded 

NINTH INFANTRY. 

(Note. — This regiment was mustered out at Louisville, Ky,, July 25, 1865.) 
Maj. Don A. Carpenter, com. capt. Co. B Sept. 2, 1861, prmtd maj. July i, 

1862, died at Rome, Iowa, Jan. 8, 1864. 

First Lieut. John H. Green, e. as sergt. Aug. 3, 1861, prmtd. ist lieut. Aug. 

8, 1863, . ' . 



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152 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Company A 

Grinrod, Joshua, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Groat, Thomas, e. Aug. 14, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Norton, A. M., e. Aug. 3, 1861, died Sept. 15, 1863. 

Miller, Peter, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Norton, F. P., e. Aug. 3, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge and died April 3, 1862. 

Company B 

Capt. John W. Niles, e. as sergt. Aug. 12, 1861, prmtd. ist lieut. May 23, 
1863, prmtd. capt. Jan. 16, 1865. 

First Lieut. Walter James, e. as corp. Aug. 12, 1861, prmtd, ist lieut. Jan. 
16, 1865. 

First Lieut, Jacob Jones, com. 2d lieut. Sept. 2, 1861, prmtd, ist lieut. Aug. 
I, 1861. 

First Lieut. Morgan Bumgardner, e. Aug. 12, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge and 
Vicksburg, disd. Nov. 30, 1863, wds. 

Sergt. Thos. W. Blizzard, e. Aug. 12, 1861, kid. at Vicksburg. 

Sergt. Wm. Jennings, e. Aug. 12, 1861, prmtd. 2d lieut. Aug. i, 1862. 

Sergt. Wm. T. Peet, e. Aug. 17, 1861, trans, to Inv. Corps. 

Sergt. E. H. Handy, e. Aug. 12, 1861, disd. July 29, 1862. 

Sergt. C. H. Lane, e. Aug. 12, 1861. 

Corp. Lewis P. Tourtelott, e. Aug. 12, 1861, died at St. Louis. 

Corp. John M. Mason, e. Aug. 12, 1861. 

Corp. Owen Farley, e. Aug. 12, 1861. 

Corp. Isaac Walker, e. Aug. 12, 1861, kid. at Vicksburg. 

Corp. Wm. H. Glick, e. Aug. 12, 186 1, wd. at Missionary Ridge. 

Corp. Jas. M. Warner, e. Aug. 12, 1861. 

Corp. Jonathan Luther, e. Aug. 12, 1861, wd. at Vicksburg, captd. at Clays- 
ville, Ala., died at Andersonville. 

Corp. Geo. H. Bowers, e. Aug. 12, 1861, kid. at Vicksburg. 

Corp. Henry Robinson, e. Aug. 12, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864, kid. at Kenesaw 
Mt. 

Musician Benj. F. Harrison, e. Aug. 12, 1861, died at Forsythe, Mo. 

Musician Theo. L. Bunce, e. Aug. 12, 1861, died at St. Louis. 

Wagoner Joseph Soults, e. Aug. 30, 1861, disd. Sept. 9, 1863, disab. 

Wagoner Hannibal Freeman, e. Nov. 25, 1861, disd. April 8, 1862. 

Arnold, Riley, e. Sept. 26, 1862. 

Ailer, Geo. F., e. Aug. 12, 1861, wd. at Vicksburg. 

Bugh, Alex., e. Aug. 12, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Brown, Jas. J., e. Aug. 12, 1861, disd. Dec. 11, 1862. 

Barker, Usal, e. Aug. 12, 1861. 

Blakely, Nelson D., e. Aug. 12, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864, wd. at Jonesboro, Ga. 

Brickley, Jas. T., c. Aug. 12, 1861, disd. Oct. 9, 1862, disab. 

Baldwin, M. O.. e. Aug. 17, 1861, wd. at Vicksburg. 

Beaman, Daniel, e. Nov. 25, 1861, wd. at Vicksburg, died at Nashville. 

Cornwell, John L.. e. Sept. 18, 1861. died at St. Louis. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 153 

Cleveland, R. J., e. Oct. 9, 1862, disd. March 21, 1863. 

Crook, Wm., e. Aug. 25, 1861. 

Crow, A. B., e. Sept. 10, 1861, wd. at Vicksburg. 

Colby, Chas., e. Sept. 25, 1861, disd. Dec. 31, 1861. 

Dunham, Wallace, e. Aug. 23, 1861. 

Easterly, Lawrence, e. Aug. 12, 1861, died Jan. 25, 1862. 

Ensign, Devolso, e. Aug. 23, 1861, died April 12, 1862. 

Finch, E. D., e. Aug. 12, 1861, disd. March 2, 1862, disab. 

Freeman, H., e. Nov. 25, 1861. 

Finch, Irwin, e. Aug. 12, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Fry, Enoch, e. Sept. 12, 1861, wd. at Vicksburg, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Gault, Moses, e. Aug. 12, 1861, died at Young's Point, La. 

Graham, Wm. J., e. Aug. 12, 1861, wd. at Vicksburg and Ringgold, Ga., vet. 
Jan. I, 1864, prmtd. sergt. 

Green, Jasper, e. Sept. 24, 1861, disd. April 21, 1863, disab. 

Hall, Andrew H., e. Aug. 12, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864, prmtd. corp. 

Irwin, Isaac, e. Aug. 12, 1861. 

Hitchcock, Thos. X., e. Aug. 12, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864, captd. Dallas, Ga. 

Johnson, Geo. L., e. Aug. 12, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Kerr, S. P., e. Aug. 12, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Long, Joel, e. Aug. 12, 1861, died at Nashville. 

Metcalf, Arthur, e. Aug. 12, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864, wd. Kenesaw Mountain, 
disd. Dec. 28, 1864, wds. 

McNellan, James, e. Aug. 12, 1861, disd. March 11, 1863, disab. 

McGuegan, Thomas, e. Aug. 12, 1861, disd. Aug. 27, 1862. 

Merrett. H. X., e. Aug. 12, 1861, disd. March 11, 1862, disab. 

McCarty, Chas.. e. Aug. 23, 1861, disd. Dec. 11, 1862, disab. 

Matteson, D. M., e. Aug. 29, 1862, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

McGowan, C, e. Aug. 12, t86i. 

Osbom, J. v., e. Aug. 12, 1861, kid. Pea Ridge, Ark. 

Roberts, Lyman A., e. Aug. 29, 1862, disd. July 2, 1865, disab. 

Rummel, D. E., e. Aug. 12, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Robinson, Sam'l, e. Aug. 12, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Robinson, Sam'l O., e. Dec. 19, 1861, disd. Dec. 16, 1863, disab. 

Rich, Nelson, e. Sept. 10, 1861. 

Robinson, J., e. Dec. 20, 1861. 

Stall, S. H., e. Aug. 12, 1861, wd. Vicksburg, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Stewart. Joshua, e. Aug. 12. 1861, disd. Oct. 13, 1862, disab. 

Stewart, Chas., e. Aug. 12, 1861, wd. at Vicksburg, vet. Jan. i, 1864, captd. 
at Dallas, Ga. 

Sells, Amos, e. Oct. 9, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864, captd. at Dallas, Ga. 
Stillman, Jas. R., e. Aug. 23, 1862, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Sherman, Benedict, e. Sept. 24, 1861, disd. Jan. 18, 1862, disab. 

Seely. Norman, e. Sept. 23, 1861, captd., died at Andersonville. 

Torrance. Adam C, e. Aug. 25, 1861. 

\^olle, John, vet. Jan. i. 1864. 

Vaughn, Sam'l J., e. March 18, 1864. wd. Dallas, Ga. 



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154 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Welch, Jas. M., e. Aug. 12, 1861, wd. at Cherokee, Ala., disd. Sept. 22, 1864. 

Walter, Jas., vet. Jan. i, 1864, prmtd. sergt. 

Weaver, Francis, e. Aug. 12, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Weeks, S. M., vet. Jan. i, 1864. died at Rome, Ga. 

Winn, W. B., e. Aug. 23, 1861, disd. Dec. 8, 1862, disab. 

Wells, E. v., e. Aug. 30, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Warner, Jas. M., e. Aug. 12, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Company D 

Capt. David Harper, com. Sept. 7, 1861, resd. Feb. 14, 1863. 

Capt. Francis C. McKean, e. as ist sergt. Aug. 16, i86i, prmtd. 2d lieut. 
July 9, 1862, prmtd. capt. Feb. 15, 1863, "^- ^' ^^c. 31, 1864. 

Capt. Jos. A. Burdick, e. as corp. Aug. 16, i86i, prmtd, sergt. maj., wd. Pea 
Ridge and Vicksburg, prmtd. capt. Jan. i, 1865. 

First Lieut. David F. McGee, com. Sept. 2, 1861, resd. July 8, 1862. 

First Lieut. Carso Crane, com. 2d lieut. Sept. 7, 1861, prmtd. ist lieut. July 
9, 1862, resd. March 14, 1863. 

First Lieut. Jno. Sutherland, e. as sergt. Aug. 19, 1861, wd. Pea Ridge, prmtd. 
1st lieut. March 15, 1863, wd. Vicksburg, disd. Jan. 2, 1865. 

First Lieut. Zadock Moore, e. as corp. Aug. 16, 1861, wd. Atlanta, prmtd. ist 
lieut. April 4, 1865. 

Second Lieut. Ezra Nuckolls, e. as corp. Aug. 16, 1861, prmtd. 2d. lieut. 
March 15, 1863, m. o. Oct. 21, 1864. 

First Lieut. Fred D. Gilbert, e. Aug. 29, 1861, kid. at Vicksburg. 

Sergt. Alfred C. Hines, e. Aug. 16, 1861, kid. at Pea Ridge. 

Sergt. Thomas Sweesey, e. Aug. 16, 1861, died March 24, 1862, of wds. 
received at Pea Ridge. 

Sergt. Wm. C. Glenn, e. Aug. 16, i86i, wd. at Pea Ridge, died Aug. 2, 1862. 

Corp. Wm. L. Murphy, e. Aug. 16, 1861, died March 10, 1862. 

Corp. John A. Dreibelbis, e. Aug. 16, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge, died at Helena, 
Ark. 

Corp. Wm. Hunter, e. Aug. 16, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864, died at Canton. 

Corp. A. J. Carter, e. Aug. 16, 1861, wd. at Pea' Ridge and died April 25, 
1862. 

Corp. Wm. McVay, e. Aug. 16, 1861, disd. April 13, 1862. 

Corp. Thos. Scott, e. Aug. 16, 1861, disd. April, 1862, disab. 

Corp. Isaac Miller, e. Aug. 16, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge. 

Corp. Isaac White, e. Aug. 16, 1862, disd. July 3, 1862. 

Button, Wm., e. Feb. 29, 1864. 

Breen, Michael, e. Aug. 16, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Byers, Jacob L., e. Aug. 16, 1861, wd. at Vicksburg. 

Butcher, Eli, e. Sept. 2, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Beatty, Alex., e. Sept. 19, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge, disd. Aug. 23, 1862. 

Conklin, Jas. W., e. Feb. 29, 1864. 

Cook, David F., e. Aug. i6, 1861, died at Young's Pt., La. 

Crane, W. S., e. Feb. 25, 1864. 

Clark. Wm.. e. .\ug. 16. 1861. died April 16. 1862. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 155 

CaUahan, J. O., e. Feb. 26, 1864. 

Cassaday, Jackson, e. Aug. 16, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Cassaday, James, e. Aug. 30, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge, captd. Claysville, Mo. 

Charles, Isaac N., e. Aug. 16, i86i,'wd. at Pea Ridge, disd. March 21, 1863. 

Cross, Henry, e. Sept. 9, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge, disd. Sept. 24, 1861. 

Dean, Wm. H., e. March 21, 1864, drowned at Marietta, Ga. 

Dubois E., e. Aug. 26, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Dixon, Wm. H., e. Aug. 26, 1861, w^d. at Vicksburg, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Dockstader, Chas., e. Aug. 19, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge, captd. at Claysville. 

Dunake, Cyrus, e. Aug. 29, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Deffendorffer, Jas., e. Aug. 16, 1861, trans, to V. R. C. 

Dixon, Thomas C, e. Aug. 26, 1861, died April 14, 1862. 

Espy, R. J., e. Feb. 22, 1864, wd. at Atlanta. 

Ewing, Milligan, e. Aug. 16, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Fuller, Wm., e. Aug. 16, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge, disd. Aug. 23, 1862. 

Fillson, Robt. F., e. Feb. 25, 1864, died Aug. 13, 1864. 

Fuller, Chas., e. Sept. 23, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge, disd. June 18, 1862. 

Gilbert, Amos D., e. Aug. 16, 1861, captd. at Claysville. 

Gridley, Chas., e. Aug. 19, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Green, Jos. E., e. Aug. 26, 1861, died NoV. 28, 1861. 

Howard, George, e. Nov. 20, 1861, died March 10, 1862. 

Hogeboom, Wm., e. Aug. 16, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Hutton, Philander, e. Feb. 26, 1864. 

Holman, S. F., e. Aug. 16, 1861, disd. Dec. 17, 1862. 

Himebaugh, George L., e. Aug. 16, 1861, disd. July 3, 1863, disab. 

Kohoe, Edw., e. Aug. 16, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864, kid. in Chicago, III 

Karst, George, e. Aug. 16, 1861, wd. Pea Ridge, disd. Aug. 28, 1862. 

Lowbower, John C, e. Aug. 16, 1861, disd. July 27, 1863, disab. 

Magee, F. A., e. Feb. 22, 1864. 

Miller, James, e. Sept. 3, 1864, wd. Vicksburg, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Magee, John C. e. Feb. 22, 1864. 

Moore, John, e. Aug. 16, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge, vet. Jan. i, 1864, disd. 
June 27, 1865. 

Moore, Zadock, e. Aug. 16, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Mersellus, Charles, e. Aug. 16, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge, died at Milliken's 
Bend. 

Nichols, J. C, e. Aug. 16, 1861, wd. Vicksburg, vet. Jan. 2, 1864. 

Nichols, O. D., e. Sept. 19, 1861, disd. May 29, 1862, disab. 

Overly, Jas. F., e. Aug. 16, 1861, died Jan. 31, 1862. 

Overly, Henry, e. Aug. 16, 1861, wd. Pea Ridge, died April 9, 1862. 

Palmer, Leroy, e. Aug. 19, 1861, captd. at Claysville, died at Andersonville. 

Phillips, Alexander, e. Aug. 23, 1861, disd. Jan. 11, 1862, disab. 

Phelps, John, e. Oct. 15, 1861, died April 9, 1862. 

Remington, Newman, e. Aug. 19, 1861, vet. Jan. 23, 1864. 

Remington, E., e. Feb. 29, 1864. 

Ridings, James, e. Aug. 16, 1861, disd. Sept. 20, 1862. 



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156 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Ripley, George, e. Aug. i6, 1861, trans, to V. R. C. 
Ross, F., e. Aug. 16, 1861, vet. Jan. 23, 1864. 
Sutherland, A., e. Feb. 25, 1864. 

Schuster, A. E., e. Aug. 16, 1861, disd. Dec. 29, 1863, disab. 
Stewart, B., e. March 10, 1864. 

Sutherland, D., e. Aug. 16, 1861, wd. Pea Ridge, died March 15, 1862. 
Sutherland, M., e. Aug. 16, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge, disd. Oct. 2, 1862. 
South, F. M., e. Aug. 19, 1861. 

Smith, Geo. W., e. Aug. 16, 1861, disd. Aug. 22, 1862, disab. 
Sanders, M., e. Aug. 30, 1861. wd. Chickasaw Bayou, Miss., disd. April 22, 
1862. 

Standish, Wm. H., e. Aug. 26, 1861, died Feb. 25, 1862. 

ShuU, J. B., e. Nov. 23, 1861, kid. at Pea Ridge. 

Stowell, G. R. C, e. Sept. 4, 1861, disd. 

Stowell, Joseph, e. Sept. 4, 1861, vet. Jan. 23, 1864. 

Smith, Jas. H., e. Sept. 12, 1861, died at St. Louis. 

Tompkins, A. S., e. Aug. 26, 1861, captd. at Pea Ridge. 

Vansant, L. J., e. Aug. 16, 1861, died Jan. i, 1862. 

Van Volkinburgh, V., e. Sept. 12, 1861. 

Wright, Jas. C, e. Aug. 16, 1861, wd. Pea Ridge, disd. Sept. 24, 1864. 

Waldron, James, e. Aug. 16, 1861, disd. Jan. 18, 1862, disab. 

Winslow, Amos, e. Aug. 16, 1861, died Oct. 12, 1861. 

White, Jos. L., e. Aug. 16, 1861, wd. Pea Ridge, died April 22, 1862. 

Wood, William, e. Feb. 29, 1864. 

White, Isaac, e. Feb. 29, 1864. 

Company E 
Lenhart, John, e. Feb. 20, 1864. 

Company F 
Tibbetts, W. F., e. April 23, 1864. 
Wilcox. Hiram R.. e. Sept. 8, 1861, died May 5, 1862. 

Company G 
Blair, Jas., vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Company H 
Jacoby, Jas., e. March 14, 1864. 
Jacoby. Elias, e. March 14, 1864, died June 5, 1864. 

Company Unknozvn 
Radden, Thos.. e. Nov. 3, 1864. 
Stuart, John A., e. Feb. 29. 1864. 

TWELFTH INFANTRY. 

(Note — This regiment u^as mustered out at Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 20, 1866,) 

Company D 

First Lieut. Erastus B. Soper, e. as sergt. Sept. 20, 1861, prmtd. 2d lieut 
April 8, 1862, prmtd, 1st lieut. March 24, 1863, accidentally wd. at Camp Sher- 
man, m. o. Dec. i, 1864. 

Soper, Roswell K., e. Oct. i, 1861, captd. at Shiloh, vet. Dec. 25, 1863. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 157 

Company F 

Sergt. E. S. Winchell, e. Sept. 25, 1861, captd. at Shiloh, disd. Dec. i, 1862. 

Halfhill, H. E., e. Sept. 25, 1861, died Jan. 9, 1862. 

Hunter, Geo., e. Oct. 28, 1861, captd. at Shiloh, vet. Dec. 25, 1863. 

Halfhill, J., e. Sept. 25, 1861. disd, April 4, 1862. 

Ralston, Nelson, e. Feb. 15, 1864. 

Company K 

Sergt. Stephen P. Collins, e. Sept. 10, 1861, captd. at Shiloh, vet. Dec. 25, 
1863. 

Pay, Wm. S., e. Sept. 19, 1861, captd. at Shiloh, vet. Dec. 25, 1863. 

Church, P., e. Nov. 18, 1861, vet. Dec. 25, 1863. 

Sover, Thomas, e. Sept. 6, 1861, died at Montgomery, Ala. 

Dillon, Michael, e. Nov. 20, 1861, vet. Dec. 25, 1863. 

Whittemore, H., e. Nov. 23, 1861, disd. April 18, 1863. 

Dillon, Jas., vet. Dec. 25, 1863. 



FOURTEENTH INFANTRY. 

(Note — This regiment, except veterans and recruits, were mustered out at 
Davenport, N^o7'. 16, 1864. The veterans and recruits were consolidated into 
two companies, called Residuary Battery No. 14, which was mustered out May 
I3r 1863.) 

Col. VVm. T. Shaw, com. Oct. 24, 1861, captd. at Shiloh, returned Nov. 18, 
1862. disd. Nov. 16, 1864. 

Asst. Surg. Shadrack Hoskins, e. as hospital steward, prmtd. asst. surg, 
April 9, 1863. 

Q. M. Clinton C. Buell, com. Nov. 6, 1861, m. o. Nov. 25, 1864. 

Chaplain Samuel A. Benton, com. Nov. 22, 1861, resd. Jan. 30, 1862. 

Q. M. Sergt. Orrin L. Walker, e. Oct. 16, 1861, disd. 

Company B 

Wagoner David W. Shoemaker, e. Aug. 12, 1862, died at Cairo, 111. 
Bisby, James, e. Oct. 18, 1862, wd., disd. March 27, 1863. 
Graves, Cyrus B., e. Oct. 12, 1862, died at Columbus, Ky. 
Boyle, James, e. Dec. 17, 1862. 
Harvey, Chas. T., e. Aug. 15, 1862. 
Holden, John W., e. Nov. 13, 1863. 
Minard, Chas. W., e. Dec. 17, 1862. 
Willard, Curtis A., e. Nov. 15, 1862. 

Company C 

Capt. Geo. H. Wolfe, com. Oct. 25, 1861. 
.Second Lieut. Anthony Courtright, com. Oct. 25, 1861. 
(NoTE.^-5rr Forty- first Infantry, where the originally enlisted men were 
transferred September, 1862.) 



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158 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Company H 

Capt. Leroy A. Crane, com. 2d lieut. Nov. 6, 1861, missing bat. Shiloh, com. 
1st lieut. Jan. 25, 1863, prmtd. capt. March 5, 1863. 

First Lieut. Orville Burke, e, as ist sergt. Oct. 12, 1861, captd. Shiloh, prmtd. 
2d lieut. Feb. 2, 1863, prnitd. ist lieut. March 5, 1863, capt. Co. B, Residuary 
Bat. 14th Inf. 

Second Lieut. Jos. B. Gilbert, prmtd. 2d lieut. April 8, 1863. 

Sergt. J. W. Deleplane, e. Oct. 24, 1861, captd. Shiloh, disd. Sept. 2, 1862. 

Sergt. Jason Hubbard, e. Oct. 12, 1861, captd. Shiloh, disd. March 25, 1863. 

Sergt. Perry L. Smith, e. Oct. 12, 1861. 

Corp. Jas. A. Palmer, e. Oct. 19, 1861, captd. Shiloh. 

Corp. Jno. L. Underwood, e. Oct. 16, 1861, captd. Shiloh, disd. 

Corp. Chas. W. Hadley, e. Oct. 12, i86i,- captd. Shiloh, disd. March 25, 1863. 

Corp. Sam'l E. Peck, e. Oct. 16, '61, captd. Shiloh, disd. Jan. 9, 1863. 

Corp. Carr Hall, e. Oct. 12, 1861, disd. March 24, 1862. 

Corp. Orrin L. Walker, e. Oct. 16, 1861. 

Corp. Jas. E. Bonstel, e. Oct. 16, 1861, captd. Shiloh. 

Musician Jas. H. Clark, e. Oct. 16, 1861, disd. July 20, 1862, disab. 

Wagoner, Jos. Button, e. Oct. 5, 1861. 

Bender, Joshua, e. Oct. 16, 1861, captd. at Shiloh. 

Bradfield, E. W., e. Oct. 16, 1861, disd. June 17, 1862, disab. 

Brownell, O. D., e. Oct. 16, 1861, disd. March 4, 1862. 

Chapman, C, e. Dec. 8, 1861, disd. Nov. 27, 1862. 

Conklin, Jno. H., e. Oct. 20, 1861, captd. Shiloh, disd. March 28, 1863. 

Cline, Chas., e. Dec. 31, 1861, wd. Shiloh, disd. April 18, 1862. 

Qothier, L, C, e. Nov. 3, 1862, wd. Yellow Bayou, La. 

Condit, A. P., e. Oct. 12, 1861, wd. at Fort Donelson, captd. Shiloh, disd. Dec. 
6, 1862. 

Qothier, Thurlow, e. Nov. i, 1861, wd. Ft. Donelson, disd. July 20, 1862, disab. 

Duncan, Jas.. e. Jan. i, 1862, captd. Shiloh, disd. Feb. 5, 1863. 

Dott. Robt., e. Oct. 12, 1861. 

Darling, F. M., e. Nov. 9, 1861, disd. June 17, 1862. 

Dunkle, Jno. P., e. Oct. 30, 1861, captd. at Shiloh. 

Fisher, Frank, e. Oct. 12, 1861. 

Gard, B. M., e. Oct. 20, 1861, died May 15. 1862. 

Groat, Peter, e. Oct. 12, 1861, wd. Corinth and Yellow Bayou, died Jefferson 
Barracks, Mo. 

Gowring, Benj. F., e. Oct. 12, 1861, disd. April 18, 1862, disab. 

Goes, Elias, e. Oct. 12, 1861, disd. Feb. 4, 1862. 

Garlick. Thos. S., e. Oct. 16, 1861, captd. at Shiloh. 

Howard, Martin, e. Feb. 2, 1864, captd. at Holly Springs, Miss. 

Hecocks, Daniel; e. Oct. 12, 1861, captd. at Shiloh, disd. Jan. 2, 1863. 

Haymaker, F., e. Oct. 12, 1861, died at Benton Barracks, Mo. 

Hartman, P. J., e. Aug. 12, 1861, captd. at Shiloh. 

Harvey. Edw. e. Oct. 12, 1861. 

Harvey, William, e. Oct. 12, 1861, captd. at Shiloh, disd. Jan. 12, 1863. 

Heath, William, e. Jan. 4, 1862, captd. at Shiloh, disd. Nov. 4, 1862. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 159 

Hammonds, James C, e. Oct. 19, 1861, captd. at Shiloh. 

Matthews, H. J., e. Sept. 26, 1861. 

McDonald, William, e. Oct. 16, 1861, captd. at Shiloh. 

Muzzy, Isaac M., e. Oct. 16, 1861, captd. at Shiloh, disd. Sept. 25, 1862. 

Mendon, George e. Oct. 5, 1861. 

Moulthrop, Leroy, e. Oct. 5, 1861, died July 12, 1862. 

McKinley, Wm. H., e. Oct. 12, 1861. 

Neally, Matthew, e. Oct. 21, 1861, captd. at Shiloh, disd. Feb. 6, 1862. 

Northrop, James, e. Oct. 25, 1861, wd. at Shiloh, disd. July 20, 1862, disab. 

Pierce, E. P., e. Oct. 20, 1861, captd. at Shiloh, disd. March 21, 1863. 

Patterson, David, e. Nov. 14, 1861, captd. at Shiloh, trans, to Inv. Corps. 

Preston, Geo. N., e. Oct. 16, 1861, disd. June 7, 1862. 

Robinson, William, e. Jan. 4, 1862, disd. July 20, 1862. 

Scoles, R. B., e. Oct. 19, 1861, captd. at Shiloh. 

Stanton, C. H., e. Sept. 24, 1861, captd. at Shiloh. 

Scott, F. W., e. Oct. 12, 1861, wd. Shiloh, disd. Oct. i, 1862. 

Shike, John, e. Oct. 12, 1861, disd. April 25, 1862, disab. 

Tibbitts, A. W., e. Nov. 9, 1861, wd. at Shiloh. 

Thomas, Elihu, e. Oct. 16, 1861, captd, at Shiloh. 

Van Valtenburg, R., e. Oct. 24, 1861, wd. at Pleasant Hill, La. 

Widel, John F., e. Oct. 16, 1861, died at Corinth. 

Company Unknown 
Holden, John W. 

RESIDUARY BATTERY FOURTEENTH INFANTRY. 

Company B 

Capt. Orville Burke, com. Nov. 19, 1864. 

Second Lieut. Perry L. Smith, com. Nov. 19, 1864, disd. June 27, 1865. 

Second Lieut. Jas. C. Hammonds, com. June 28, 1865. 

Sergt. John P. Dunkin, e. Dec. i, 1863. 

Sergt. Joshua Bender, e. Dec. i, 1863. 

Corp. Thos. S. Garlick, e. Dec. i, 1863. 

Musician, D. L. Jones, e. Dec. i, 1863. 

McCalmant, Elisha, e Aug. i, 1864. 

Seely, M. M., e. Dec. 9, '63, disd. July 20, '65. 

Thomas, Elihu, e. Dec. i, 1863. 

SEVENTEENTH INFANTRY. 

(Note. — This regiment was mustered out at Louisinlle, Ky., July 25, 1865.) 

Adjt. Geo. A. Jones, e. as sergt. maj. prmtd. adjt. July 16, 1865. 

Company H 
Marsh, Emery, vet. Feb. 29, 1864. 
Pike, Jas. L., vet. March 5, 1864. 



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160 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Company K 

Corp. William H. Johnson, e. March 24, 1862, died May 3, 1862. 
Corp. Ira C. Dodge, e. March 28, 1862, wd. at Shiloh, disd. Oct. 31, 1862. 
Applegate, Richard, e. March 27. 1862, 
Barnes, John, e. March 22, 1862. 
Clymer, Thos., e. March 21, 1862. 
Clothier, Theo., e. March 2, 1862. 
Cronkwhite, Buel, e. March 7. 1862. 
Eldridge, Wm. W., e. March i, 1862. 

Horton, Ellis W., e. March 22, 1862, disd. Dec. 2, 1862, disab. 
Killgore, Herbert, e. March 20, 1862. 
Locke, A. L., e. March 31, 1S62. 
Lenningan, M., e. Feb. 28, 1862. 
Marsh, Emory, e. Feb. 27, 1862. 

McClaine, John T., e. March 22, 1862, died Sept. i, 1862. 
Miller, Alfred S., e. March 27, 1862, disd. Sept. 13, 1862. 
McQuillon, B., e. March 18, 1862, disd. Nov. 29, 1862. 
Pike, Jas. L.. e. March i, 1862, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 

Rolston, Jacob, e. March 20, 1862, wd. at Jackson, Miss., kid. at Missionary 
Ridge. 

Riley. Clement, e. March 8, 1862. 

Starks, John, e. March 20. 1862. 

Tracy, Timothy, e. March 26. 1862, wd. at Jackson, Miss. 

White, Samuel, e. March 14, 1862. 

White, Chas., e. March 28, 1862. 

TWENTY-FOURTH INFANTRY. 

(Note. — This regiment was mustered out at Savannah, Ga,, July if, 1863,) 
Chaplain George R. Carroll, com. Feb. 3, 1864, resd. Nov. 13, 1864. 

Company B 

Second Lieut. W. W. Edgington, e. as sergt. Aug. 2, 1862, prmtd. 2d lieut. 
March 21. 1864. wd. at Fisher's Hill. 
Steward, F. M., e. Jan. 4, 1864. 

Company I 

Corp. Wm. Bryan, e. Aug. 11, 1862. 

Company K 
Capt. James D. Williams, com. Sept. 18, 1862, resd. Dec. i, 1863. 
Capt. Benj. G. Paul, e. as private Aug. 22, 1862, prmtd. 2d lieut. June 11, 1863, 
prmtd. capt. Dec. 2, 1863, kid. near Rosedale Bayou, La. 

Capt. Aaron M. Loomis. com. 2d lieut. Sept. 18, 1862, prmtd. ist lieut. June 

11, 1863, prmtd. capt. June 18, 1864, wd. at Cedar Creek, Va. 

First Lieut. Thos. Green, com. Sept. 18, '62, resd. on account ill health, June 

12, '63. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 161 

First Lieut. Royal S. Williams, e. as sergt. Aug. 8, 1862, prmtd. 2d lieut June 
15, 1864, prmtd. ist lieut. June 18, 1864, wd. at Cedar Creek, Va. 

Second Lieut. James L. Hall, e. as private Aug. 9, 1862, prmtd. 2d lieut. June 
18, 1864, wd. at Cedar Creek, Va. 

Second Lieut. Jeremiah Woodyard, e. as corp. Aug. 15, 1862, prmtd. 2d lieut 
Jan. I, 1865. 

Sergt. David Moore, e. Aug. ii, 1862. 

Sergt. E. M. Hamilton, e. Aug. 15, 1862, died at Milliken's Bend. 

Sergt. J. E. Fisher, e. Aug. 9, 1862, died at Keokuk. 

Sergt. Chas. A. Melner, e. July 21, 1862, disd. Feb. 10, 1863, disab. 

Sergt. Geo. L. Foote, e. Aug. 9, 1862, kid. at Opequan Creek, Va. 

Sergt. Famsworth Cobb, e. Aug. 9, 1862, wd. at Cedar Creek, Va., disd. May 
2, 1865, wds. 

Corp. Marcus Johnson, e. Aug. 15, 1862. 

Corp. G. Mc Atkinson, e. July 21, 1862, captd. at Sabine Cross Roads, La. 

Corp. C. C. Horton, e. July 21, 1862, disd. Feb. 20, 1863, disab. 

Corp. Chas. W. Gould, e. Aug. 4, 1862, disd. Feb. 22, 1863, disab. 

Corp. Chas. H. Johnson, e. Aug. 14, 1862, wd. at Mansfield, La. 

Corp. James Sloan, e. July 28, 1862. 

Corp. Eli Sawyer, e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. Nov. 23, 1863. 

Corp. Geo. W. James, e. Aug. 15, 1862, wd. Winchester. 

Corp. Wm. W. Walters, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Musician Riley Cawkins, July 21, 1862, wd. 

Musician, J. G. Smith, e. July 21, 1862. 

Allen, Anson, e. Aug. 22, 1862, wd. at Helena, Ark. 

Arnold, Hiram, e. July 30, 1862. 

Archer, Caleb, e. July 24, 1862, wd. and died at Champion Hills. 

Bill, C. C, e. July 21, 1862. 

Brainard, James A., e. July 21, 1862. 

Bryan, C. M., e. Aug. 11, 1862, disd. June 16, 1863, disab. 

Bamhill, Samuel, e. Feb. 15, 1864. 

Bill, H. G., e. July 21, 1862. 

Babcock, Edgar, e. July 26, 1862, disd. Feb. 23, 1865, disab. 

Brock, James F., e. Aug. 9, 1862. 

Bronson, Jas. W., e. Aug. 21, 1862. 

Brock, Robert, e. Aug. 9, 1862, trans, to Inv. Corps. 

Calkins, Orrin, e. Jan. 5, 1864, died New Orleans. 

Countryman, A., e. Aug. 15, 1862, died at Helena, Ark. 

Crandall, Z. J., e. Feb. 20, 1864, died April 17, 1864. 

Craig, David, e. Aug. 15, 1862. 

Carpenter, Chas. H., e. Aug. 15, 1862, died Oct. 31, 1862. 

Cady, Henry, e. Aug. 14, 1862, drowned in Pearl River, near Jackson, Miss. 

Crandall, A. G., e. Aug. 15, 1862, disd. Jan. 30, 1862. 

Crandall, M. C, e. Aug. 15, 1862. 

Crone, Wm., e. July 24, 1862, disd. June 8, 1865, disab. 

Crandall, Wm. M., e. Aug. 15, 1862. 

Calkins, K. J., e. July 30, 1862. 



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162 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Dockstater, H., e. Aug. 22, 1862, disd. March 11, 1863, disab. 

Donaldson, T., e. Aug. 19, 1862. 

Dubois, L. K., e. Aug. 12, 1862. 

EbersoU, Daniel, e. Jan. 4, 1864. 

Ellis, Jacob, e. Aug. 5, 1862, died at Helena, Ark. 

Ellis, Wm., e. Aug. 11, 1862, disd. Jan. 7, 1863, disab. 

Fairchilds, E. G., e. Aug. 15, 1861, died at St. Louis, 

Fuller, Carlos, e. Aug. 9, 1861. 

Garrett, Robert, e. Feb. 9, 1864, wd. Winchester, Va. trans, to V. R. C. 

Gee, Leonard, e. Aug. 22, 1862. 

Gould, Jas. A., e. Feb. 22, 1864, wd. at Cedar Creek, disd. Jan. 11, 1865, wds. 

Gee, Isaac, e. Aug. 22, 1862, disd. Jan. 31, 1863, disab. 

Gifford, C. M., e. Aug. 13, 1862, died at Helena, Ark. 

Gilbert, Geo., e. Aug. 22, 1862. 

Hayden, Myron, e. Feb. 9, 1864. 

Hamilton, A. A., e. Aug. 13, 1862. 

Herron, Davis, e. July 31, 1862. 

Hanna, Jos. A., e. Aug. 22, 1862, aq)td. at Sabine Cross Roads, La. 

Ingraham, C, e. Aug. 15, 1862, wd., trans, to V. R. C. 

Johnson, Jeremiah, e. Aug. 15, 1862, died at Helena. 

Johnson, Jas. R., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Jewett, Abel, Aug. 18, 1862, died Dec. 13, 1862. 

Kenney, Aaron, e. July 31, 1862, died at New Orleans. 

Kimball, John M., e. Aug. i, 1862, disd, Feb. 12, 1863, disab. 

Lain, Thomas, e. Aug. 9, 1862. 

Lain, Wm. J., e. Aug. 8, 1862, died New Orleans. 

Moore, C. D., e. Aug. 5, 1862, died at Helena, Ark. 

Moore, Jesse, e. Jan. 5, 1864. 

Murry, Martin, e. July 19, 1862. 

Mudge, L. C, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Mudge, Aldin, e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. April 13, 1863, disab. 

Mackrill, S. R., e. Aug. 8, 1862. 

McCahnant, Samuel, e. Aug. 22, 1862, died at Opelousas, La. 

Milner, H. J., e. Aug. 15, 1862, disd. Feb. 20, 1863, disab. 

Moore, H., e. Aug. 6, 1862, captd. at Cedar Creek. 

Moore, S., Jr., e. Aug. 13, 1862, trans, to V. R. C. 

McDaniel, D. A., e. Aug. 22, 1862, wd. at Winchester, disd. Feb. 24, 1865. 

McCormick, James, e. Aug. 22, 1862. 

Nichols, L. H., e. Jan. 4, 1864. 

Osbom, Geo. E., e. Aug. 8, 1862. 

Parks, Jacob F., e. Aug. 15, 1862, disd. July 9, 1863, disab. 

Paul, B. G. c. Aug. 22, 1862. 

Paul, H. F., e. Feb. 24, 1864, captd. Cedar Creek. 

Pulsipher, Newel, e. Aug. 11, 1862, died at Muscatine. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 163 

Prouty, E. A., e. Aug. 19, 1862, died at Vicksburg. 

Powers, Samuel, e. Aug. 22, 1862, wd. at Champion Hills, died at Memphis. 

Ruby, Joseph, e. Aug. 14, 1862, captd. at Cedar Credc. 

Reynolds, Frank, e. Aug. 21, 1862, disd. Feb. 23, 1863, disab. 

Sones, Geo. W., e. Aug. 15, 1862, disd. Dec. 5, 1864, disab. 

Sloan, J. W., e. Aug. 22, 1862, disd. Feb. 20, 1863, disab. 

Spencer, James, e. Aug. 15, 1862, disd. Jan. 14, 1863, disab. 

Sennett, Thomas, e. July 28, 1862. 

Sinkey, F,, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Tebo, D. G., e. Aug. 9, 1862, captd. at Sabine Cross Roads, La. 

Van Valtenburg, W. H., e. Feb. 22, 1864. 

Vasser, E. H., e. Feb. 22, 1864. 

Vasser, W. W., e. Feb. 22, 1864, died at Wyoming. 

Williams, Charles P., e. Aug. 9, 1862, died at Carrion Crow Bayou. 

Woodruff, Adam, e. July 30, 1864. 

White, William, e. July 21, 1864, captd. at Cedar Creek. 

Wilkinson, Robert, e. Dec. 21, 1863. 

Williams, Jos. T., e. Feb. 22, 1864. 

THIRTY-FIRST INFANTRY. 

(Note. — This regiment was mustered out at Louisville, June 2J, 1865.) 

Maj. Ezekid Cutler, com. Sept. 16, 1862, resd. March 20, 1863. 

Maj. Sewell S. Farwell, com. Oct. 13, 1862, prmtd. maj. May 27, 1865, 

Surg. Horace H. Gates, e. as hospt. steward, prmtd. asst. surg. March i, 1864, 
prmtd. surg. June 10, 1865. 

Asst Surg. Lucius H. French, com. Sept. 16, 1862, resd. June 8, 1864. 

Asst. Surg. Elisha F. Taylor, com. June 30, 1863, resd. Feb. 29, 1864. 

Adjt. Moore Briggs, e. as com. sergt., prmtd. adjt. April 13, 1864, m. o. May 
I5» 1865. 

Chaplain Dan'l S. Starr, com. Sept. 26, 1862, resd. March 4, 1863. 

Company A 

Edgington, J. M., e. Aug. 22, 1862, died Dec. 19, 1862. 
Herron, Franklin, e. Dec. 9, 1863. 

Company E 

Capt. Edwin B. Alderman, com. Oct. 13, 1862, resd. Feb. 13, 1863. 

Capt. Geo. D. Hilton, com. 2d lieut. Oct. 13, 1862, prmtd. capt. March 17, 
1863. 

First Lieut. Edmund T. Mellett, com. Oct. 13, 1862, resd. March 17, 1863. 

First Lieut. Richard McDaniel, e. as sergt. Aug. 14, 1862, prmtd. ist lieut. 
March 17, 1863. 



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164 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Second Lieut. Daniel H. Monroe, e. as sergt. Aug. 14, 1862, prmtd. 2d licuL 
March 17, 1863, died Corinth, Miss. 

Sergt. Wm. M. Starr, e. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Sergt. Jas. H. Cooksey, e. Aug. 11, 1862, disd. Aug. 19, 1863, disab. 

Sergt. Geo. R. Seaman, e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. Aug. 10, 1863. 

Sergt. D. W. Cleveland, e. Aug. 11, 1862, died Young's Point, La. 

Sergt. J. H. Barker, e. Aug. 11, 1862, disd. Oct. 5, 1864, disab. 

Sergt. S. P. Porter, e. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Corp. O. P. Olinger, e. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Corp. Jno. R. Campbell, e. Aug. 11, 1862. 

Corp. M. F. Sipe, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died Dec. 24, 1862. 

Corp. T. M. Belknap, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Corp. M. M. Wilde, e. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Corp. Thos. Buckner, e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. Sept. 7, 1863, disab. 

Corp. R. Spear, e. Aug. 13, 1862, died Dec. 24, 1862. 

Musician A. H. House, e. Aug. 11, 1862, disd. Feb. 23, . 

Musician J. W. Benedom, e. Aug. 12, '62. 

Wagoner, Jas. W. Durlin, e. Aug. 11, 1862, trans, to Inv. Corps. 

Amy, O. H., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Andrews, Ruel, e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. March 4, 1863. 

Baker, P. M., e. Aug. 12, 1862, died at Young's Point, La. 

Barnard, Jno. H., e. Aug. 11, 1862, disd. June 19, 1863, disab. 

Brown, Wm. M., e. Aug. 11, 1862. 

Brown, S., e. Aug. 14, '62, died at St. Louis. 

Campbell, Jno. R., e. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Chadwick, David, e. Aug. 13, 1862. 

Cook, Wm., e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. May 20, 1864. 

Cook, Amster, e. Aug. 16, 1862, wd. June 27, 1864, and at Kenesaw Moun- 
tain, disd. Jan. 26, 1865. 

Converse, Jesse, e. Aug. 12, 1862, died at Memphis. 

Curtis, Wm. J., e. Aug. 13, 1862, died Dec. 14, 1862. 

Courttright, J. E., e. Aug. 12, 1862, trans, to Inv. Corps. 

Crow, John W., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Dickerson, Wm., e. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Dunning, H., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Dial, Martin L., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Famham, Wm. G., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Frink, Wm., e. Aug. 12, 1862, wd. and died at Vicksburg. 

Graham, J. G., e. Oct. 24, 1862. 

Gates, Horace H., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Hilton, A. M., e. Aug. 16, 1862, disd. July 12, 1863, disab. 

Harrison, Abram, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died Jan. 15, 1863. 

Harvey, I. E., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Healey, Robt., e. Aug. 13, 1862, trans, to Inv. Corps. 

High, Daniel A., e. Aug. 12, 1862, died at Young's Point, La, 

House, J. G.. e. Aug. 11, 1862, died at St. Louis. 

JosHn, Harrison, e. Aug. 13, 1862, died at Vicksburg. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 165 

Joslin, Daniel, e. Aug. 13, 1862, died at St. Louis. 

Krahl, John, e. Aug. 12, 1862, trans, to V. R. C. 

Kerr, Wm. F., e. Aug. 14, 1862, trans, to Inv, Corps. 

Kerr, Porter, e. Aug. 11, 1862. 

Lamb, Cyrus, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Young's Point, La. 

Littlefield, Clark, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Memphis. 

Luce, Samuel, e. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Lyons, C. H., e. Aug. 11, 1862. 

Lyons, John W., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Masker, Wm. S., e. Aug. 12, 1862, wd. at Vicksburg, disd. Aug. 9, 1863. 

Mattocks, J. H., e. Aug. 11, 1862, disd. June 21, 1865, disab. 

Mead, Geo. W., e. Aug. 13, 1862, died at Young's Point, La. 

Merritt, Cornelius, e. Aug. 13, 1862. 

Monroe, Harvey H., e. Aug. 11, 1862. 

Nash, Wm. W., e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Helena, Ark. 

Neilly, Thomas, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Nikirk, Geo. W., e. Aug. 11, 1862. 

Northrop, H., e. Oct. 24, 1862. 

O'Donnell, John, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

dinger, Jas. L., e. Aug. 14, 1862, trans, to Inv. Corps. 

Orr, Mark, e. Aug. 13, 1862, disd. Oct. 8, 1864, disab. 

Overacker, Wm., e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. March 3, 1863, disab. 

Page, O. F., e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Memphis. 

Parsons, Chas. A., e. Aug. 12, 1862, trans, to V. R. C. 

Phelphs, Wm. O., e. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Putnam, A. C, e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. April 10, 1863, disab. 

Rumple, Elias M., e. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Rundall, J. G., e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Young's Point, La, 

Ryder, J. A., e. Aug. 14, 1862, wd. at Resaca, died May 6, 1864. 

Sage, Nestor, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Memphis. 

Sams, Stephen, e. Aug. 13, 1862. 

Slade, F. H., e. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Stingly, Jas., e. Aug. 13, 1862, disd. 1863, disab. 

Snider, A. W., e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. Sept. 7, 1863, disab. 

Stuttsman, John, e. Aug. 13, 1862, trans, to Inv. Corps. 

Tallman, Jas. H., e. Aug. 16, 1862. 

Thoma, O. E., e. Aug. 11, 1862, trans, to Inv. Corps. 

Thomas, Edmund, e. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Thomas, Bennett, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died March 12, 1863. 

Thomley, Hiram, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Tice, Lewis, e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. Feb. i, 1863, disab. 

Tice, John, e. Aug. 11, 1862, disd. April 18, 1863, disd. 

Titus, Jas. W., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Wagoner, David, e. Aug. 12, 1862, died at Walnut Hills, Miss. 

Walton, P. T., e. Aug. 13, 1862. 

Warren, E., e. Aug. 13, 1862, died Young's Point, La, 

Webb, A. J., e. Aug. 12, 1862, died on steamer Von Phul, 



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166 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Wentworth, S., e. Aug. ii, 1862, died at Helena, Ark. 
Waterhouse, M., e. Aug. 14, 1862, trans, to Inv. Corps. 

Company G 

Capt. Jeremiah C. Austin, com. Oct. 13, 1862, resd. Jan. 30, 1863. 
Capt. Jos. H. Evans, e. as private, ccmi. capt. March 31, 1863. 
First Lieut. Edward H. Handy, com. Oct. 13, 1862, resd. Aug. 13, 1863. 
Second Lieut. Simon N. Landon, e. as sergt. Aug. 8, 1862, prmtd. 2d liettt 
Oct. 13, 1862. 

Sergt. Orson B. Lowell, e. Aug. 6, 1862, died at Memphis. 

Sergt. Lorenzo D. Bates, e. Aug. 6, 1862, trans, to V. R. C. 

Sergt. Jas. Miller, e. Aug. 13, 1862, died at Memphis. 

Corp. Jas. P. Scoles, e. Aug. 13, 1862. 

Corp. Valentine Dalbey, e. Aug. 13, 1863, died at Vicksburg. 

Corp. Henry Simpson, e. Aug. 9, 1862, died Jan. 5, 1863. 

Corp. Moses M. McCree, e. Aug. 13, 1862. 

Musician J. D. Herrick, e. Aug. 6, 1862. 

Wagoner, John Brigham, e. Aug. 15, 1862, died at St. Louis. 

Bryan, Jas. e. Aug. 15, 1862, died at Camp Sherman, Miss. 

Cronkhite, Wm. e. Aug. 17, 1862. 

Conner, Benj. F., e. Dec. 9, 1863, died at Keokuk. 

Clymer, Chas., e. Aug. 15, 1862, trans, to Inv. Corps. 

Carpenter, Henry, e. Aug. 8, 1862, disd. March 24, 1864, disab. 

Clothier, Theo., e. Aug. 15, 1862. 

Cole, Simeon W., e. Aug. 9, 1862. 

Cowles, John S., e. Aug. 23, 1862. 

Dewey, E. A., e. Aug. 8, 1862, disd. Sept. 7, 1863, disab. 

Deirlein, John, e. Aug. 9, 1862, died at Memphis. 

Emerson, Chas., e. Aug. 15, 1862. 

Gilmore, Jas. P., e. Aug. 9, 1862, trans, to V. R. C. 

Gilmore, Wm. H., e. Aug. 9, 1862, died at Young's Point, La. 

Gleck, Nathan, e. Feb. 12, 1864. 

Graham, John W., e. Aug. 22, 1862. 

Gales, Z., e. Aug. 13, 1862, disd. Feb. 2, 1864, disab. 

Huston, John R., e. Aug. 12, 1862, died Jan. 28, 1863. 

Hitchcock, John, e. Aug. 8, 1862, trans, to Inv. Corps. 

Haney, John F., e. Aug. 15, 1862. 

Hammon, S., e. Aug. 13, 1862. 

Hitchcock, Jas., e. Feb. 2, 1864. 

Ireland, Benj. F., e. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Ireland, Silas, e. Aug. 15, 1862. 

Johnson, J. L., e. Aug. 6, 1862, died at Memphis. 

Klise, D. E., e. Aug. 9, 1862. 

Long, Hiram, R., e. Aug. 15, 1862, disd. April 3, 1863, disab. 

McMullen, John D., e. Aug. 13, 1862, died at Young's Point, La. 

McMuUen, Bethuel, e. Aug. 9, 1862, trans, to Inv. Corps. 

Murry, M. J., e. Aug. 9, 1862. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 167 

Miller, Elmer, e. Aug. 13, 1862. 

Marshall, Thcmias, e. Aug. 9, 1862. 

Manning, L. H., e. Aug. 9, 1862, disd. Aug. 21, 1863, disab. 

Ogg, William, e. Aug. 12, 1862, disd. June 6, 1863, disab. 

Ogg, Charles, e. Aug. 13, 1862. 

Overbaugh, Joseph, e. Sept. 9, 1862. 

Pierce, E. E., e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. Sept. 7, 1863, disab. 

Reed, Samuel, e. Aug. 8, 1862. 

Richstine, D. M., e. Aug. 22, 1862, died on steamer City of Memphis. 

Rogers, Chas. E., e. Aug. 18, 1862. 

Smith, Burt A., e. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Shibley, Oliver, e. Aug. 22, 1862. 

Starry, Daniel, e. Aug. 15, 1862. 

Voorhies, Miles, e. Aug. 15, 1862. 

Vrooman, Wm. D., e. Aug. 15, 1862. 

Wildey, Geo. E. H., e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. Sept. 7, 1863, disab. 

Walker, William, e. Aug. 8, 1862, wd. May 18, 1863, 

Young, E. A., e. Aug. 7, 1862, died Jan. 22, 1863. 

Company H 

Capt. Abijah E. White, e. as corp. Aug. 2, 1862, prmtd. capt. June 10, 1865. 

First Lieut. Franklin Amos, com., Oct. 13, 1862, wd. at Atlanta, resd. Feb. 
2, 1865. 

Second Lieut. James G. Dawson, com. Oct. 13, 1862, wd. at Vicksburg, resd, 
Jan. II, 1864. 

Sergt. F. H. Blodgett, e. Aug. 2, 1862, died at Memphis, March 26, 1863. 

Sergt. D. W. Perrine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died Feb. 28, 1863. 

Sergt. Samuel Williamson, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died on steamer Forest Queen. 

Sergt. Geo. A. Jones, e. Aug. 2, 1862, disd. July 22, 1864, disab. 

Sergt. J. C. Qark, e. Aug. 14, 1862, captd. at luka. Miss. 

Sergt. Wm. S. Johnson, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Camp Sherman, Miss. 

Sergt. Wm. W. Sutherland, e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. March 24, 1863, disab. 

Sergt. John W. Cook, e. Aug. 14, 1862, wd. at Roswell and Atlanta, Ga., died 
at Marietta. 

Corp. Moore Briggs, e. Aug. 2, 1862, prmtd. adj. May, 1864. 

Corp. Edgar G. Himes, e. Aug. 2, 1862, died at Young's Point, La. 

Corp. B. F. Gowing, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Corp. R. M. Marvin, e. Aug. 11, 1862. 

Corp. Wm. S. Campbell, e. Aug. 2, 1862, died Jan. 9. 1863. 

Corp. Newton Bentley, e. Aug. 14, 1862, wd. at Lockout Mountain, died at 
Chattanooga. 

Corp. Benjamin Batchelder, e. Aug. 5, 1862, died at Memphis. 

Musician Charles H. Whitney, e, Aug. 2, 1862, died at St. Louis. 

Musician Samuel J. Glenn, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Young's Point, La. 

Wagoner S. R. McDaniel, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Ackerman, O. B., e. Aug. 11, 1862, disd. June 9, 1863, disab. 

Albertson, Charles, e. Aug. 22, 1862, wd. at Aricansas Post. 



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168 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Aldrich, Lemuel, e. Feb. 19, 1864. 
Albertson, John, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Memphis. 
Beckos, Wallace, e. Aug. 2, 1862, wd. at Arkansas Post, died at Memphis. 
Barahill, Wm. T., e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. Jime 2, 1863. 
Burnight, L. H., e. Aug. 11, 1862, disd. May 22, 1863, disab. 
Butterfield, Isaac, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 
Buttolph, E. F., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 
Black, Wm. J., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 
Breen, John, e. Aug. 7, 1862, died at St. Louis. 
Canfield, Johnson, e. Feb. 23, 1864, died at Chattanooga. 
Corbett, Miles H., e. Aug. 14, 1862, died on steamer City of Men:q)his. 
Covert, E. D., e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Young's Point, La. 
Covert, S. J., e. Aug. 9, 1862, trans, to Inv. Corps. • 
Carter, Chas. H., e. Aug. 9, 1862. 
Cook, G. N., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 
Cook, I. J., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 
Cook, Rufus G., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 
Cross, J. 11. H., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Cunningham, P., e. July 24, 1862, died at Jackson, Miss. 
Darling, A. C, e. Aug. 5, 1862. 

Dawson, William, e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. March 8, 1864, disab. 
Dickerson, Chas., e. Aug. 14, 1862, wd. at Arkansas Post and Lookout 
Mountain. 

Dickerson, Wm., e. Sept. 5, 1864. 

Dreibelbis, Jacob, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at St. Louis. 

Ennis, Jas. D., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Foster, Geo. C, e. Aug. 14, 1862, disd. Sept. 7, 1863, disab. 

Fitch, J. C, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Gerrett, John B., e. Aug. 11, 1862, trans, to Marine Brigade. 

Gardner, Wm. P., e. Aug. 14, 1862, wd. at Arkansas Post, disd. June 9, 1863. 

Goodin, Wallace, e. Aug. 5, 1862, died Jan. 23, 1863. 

Haun, Robt. C, e. Aug. 22, 1862. 

Himes, F. E., e. Aug. 2, 1862. 

Harlow, G. T., e. Aug. 7, 1862. 

Hawley, C. W., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Himebaugh, P. H,, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died Feb. 12, 1864. 

Hunter, Cyprian, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Memphis. 

Ingram, John, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Jones, Luman, e. Feb. 17, 1864, wd. at Kenesaw Mountain. 

Johnson, H. M., e. Aug. 2, 1862, died at Scotch Grove. 

Karst, Geo., e. Feb. 17, 1864. 

Kilgore, H. H., e. Aug. 14, 1862, wd. May 22, 1863. 

Kenney, M. M., e. Aug. 2, 1862. 

Kohout, Jos., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Lewis, Alex., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Lawrence, F., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Lawrence, I. S., e. Aug. 14, 1862, died Nov. 11, 1863. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 169 

Lamb, Harvey, e. Aug. 2, 1862, wd. at Dallas, Ga., died at Ackworth, Ga. 

Lightfoot, Jas. W., e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Memphis. 

Merriman, Wm., e. Aug. 2, 1862, died at Vicksburg. 

Morse, F. M., e. Aug. 5, 1862, kid. Resaca. 

Marvin, Wm. R., e. Aug. 2, 1862, died at Young's Point, La. 

Miller, David, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

McBride, Sam'l N., e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Memphis. 

!Moorehouse, O. J., e. Aug. 14, 1862, wd. Lookout Mountain, died Chattanooga. 

McFry, Andrew J., e. Aug. 22, 1862. 

Nelson, S. J., e. August 9, 1862, died Memphis. 

Nelson, Sam'l, e. Aug. 9, 1862, died at Young's Point, La. 

Nelson, Wm., e. Aug. 9, 1862, disd. March 30, 1863. 

Nelson, Robt. D., e. Aug. 22, 1862, died St. Louis. 

Nelson, Mervin, e. Aug. 22, 1862, died on steamer City of Memphis. 

Nelson, M. J., e. Aug. 22, 1862, died Memphis. 

Parker, Jas. F., e. Sept. 5, 1864. 

Redman, Jno., e. Aug. 5, 1862, died at Young's Point, La. 

Rearick, Jno. P., e. Aug. 6, 1862, died at St. Louis. 

Rankin, M. H., e. Aug. 14, 1862, died Aug. 31, 1863. 

Rynerson, F. M., e. Aug. 11, 1862, died Memphis. 

Richardson. Sam'l, e. Aug. 22, 1862, died Jan. 17, 1863. 

Rice, R. W., e. Feb. 18, 1864. 

Sweesy, Matthias, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Sutherland, D., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Sutherland, Jno., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Stofer, Abner, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died July 9, 1864. 

Shields, Geo. O., e. Feb. 26, 1864, wd. at Resaca. 

Spence, J., e. Aug. 14, 1862, died Memphis. 

Smith, Jacob, e. Aug. 11, 1862, died at Young's Point, La. 

Wolf, M. H., e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Welsh, Oliver, e. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Watson, M. A., e. Aug. 22, 1862, disd. Sept. 7, 1863, disab. 

Whittemore, Wm., e. Aug. 22, 1862, disd. April 22, 1863. 

Whittemore, A. B., e. Aug. 22, 1862. 

Whittemore, W. L., enlisted September 5, 1864. 

THIRTY-SEVENTH INFANTRY. 

(Note — This regiment was mustered out at Davenport, date not given in 
Adjutant General's Report,) 

Company A 

Corp. David Bumgardner, e. Nov. 11, 1862, disd. March 21, 1865, disab. 
Cylmer, Chas., e. Nov. 11, 1862, died St. Louis. 

Company F 

Barnes, Aaron, e. Dec. 29, 1862, prmtd. musician. 



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170 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Krokooke, Jos., e. Dec. 26, 1862, disd. Sept. 12, 1864, disab. 
Rice, R. B., e. Dec. 19, 1862, died Feb. 4, 1864. 

Company I 

Second Lieut. Thomas E. Belknap, com. Dec. 15, 1862. 

Sergt. Noah Bigley, enlisted September 5, 1862. 

Cook, John W. H., e. Sept. 20, 1862, disd. May 7, 1863, disab. 

Dodge, Mark, e. Oct. 9, 1862. 

Gilford, Jos., e. Sept. 15, 1862. 

Hodges, Vincent, e. Oct. i, 1862, disd. May 20, 1864, disab. 

Lake, Benj., e. Oct. 23, 1862. 

Pate, Henry, e. Sept. 22, 1862, disd. May 8, 1863, disab. 

Shafer, S. M., e. Sept. 8, 1862, disd. April 8, 1863, disab. 

Shafer, John, e. Oct. 8, 1862. 

Secrest, Robert M., e. Sept. 11, 1862, disd. April 25, 1863, disab. 

Truax, John, e. Sept. 11, 1862. 

Taylor, W. H., e. Nov. i, 1862. 

Warren, Levi, e. Oct. 8, 1862, disd. Dec. 11, 1863, disab. 

Zigler, Jacob, e. Sept. 23, 1862, disd. Nov. 9, 1864, disab. 

Company Unknown, 
Chatwin, E., e. Dec. 16, 1862. 

FORTY-FIRST INFANTRY. 

(Note — This Company was transferred to Seventh Cavalry, April 25, 1863.) 

Company C 

Capt. Geo. H. Wolfe, com. Oct. 13, 1861. 

Second Lieut. Anthony Courtright, com. Oct. 13, 1861. 

Sergt. S. G. Cunningham, e. September 28, 1861. 

Corp. Samuel S. Wherry, e. September 27, 1861. 

Corp. John B. Green, e. September 26, 1861. 

Brady, Joseph, e. Sept. 28, 1861. 

Clark, Jas., e. Sept. 28, 1861. 

Carter, Wm., e. Sept. 28, 1861. 

Ferguson, Luther, e. Sept. 26, 1861. 

Forbes, Patrick, e. Sept. 26, 1861. 

Graham, W., e. Oct. 7, 1861. 

Green, John B., e. Sept. 26, 1861. 

Hohncs, Samuel B., e. Oct. 28, 1861, died at Fort Randall, D. T. 

Klisc, John W., e. Sept. 28, 1861. 

Langon, Wm. P., e. Sept. 26, 1861. 

Ratean, James, e. Sept. 28, 1861. 

Reamer, Ralph, e. Oct. i, 1861. 

Robinson, D., e. Oct. i, 1861. 

SeQen, Joseph F., e. Oct. 2, 1861. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 173 



Smith, H. W., e. Sept. 27, 1861. 
Swan, Avery, e. Sept. 28, 1861. 
Thurston, Wm. H., e. Sept. 26, 1861. 
Wherry, M. M., e. Sept. 27, 1861. 
Wherry, Samuel S., e. Sept. 27, 1861. 
Welch, W. C, e. Sept. 26, 1861. 
Yale, Geo. W., e. Sept. 26, 1861. 

FORTY-FOURTH INFANTRY. 

(Note — This regiment was mustered out at Davenport, Iowa, Sept. 15, 1864.) 

Company A 
Morey, Edwin S., e. May 3, 1864. 
Metcalf, M. H., e. May 6, 1864. 
Scroggs, John A., e. May 6, 1864. 
Spaulding, J. L., e. May 6, 1864. 
Thomas, Jas. R., e. May 14, 1864. 

Company C 
Capt. Jas. W. McKean, com. June i, 1864, died at Memphis. 
Sergt. Samuel E. Hutton, e. April 30, 1864. 
Sergt. F. W. Houser, e. April 30, 1864. 
Corp. David Inches, e. April 30, 1864. 
Barnes, H. J., e. May 7, 1864. 

Brady, Freeman, e. April 30, 1864, died at Memphis. 
Calkins, F. M., e. April 30, 1864. 
Dewey, Chas., e. March 18, 1864. 
Foster, R. C, e. March 9, 1864. 
Foust, Benj., e. April 37, 1864. 
Glenn, R. R., e. April 30, 1864. 
Himebaugh, H. H., e. May 14, 1864. 
Horton, Erastus B., e. May 9, 1864. 
Lovejoy, Owen D., e. May 6, 1864. 
McVay, Levi, e. May 9, 1864. 
Murphy, Chas. H., e. April 30, 1864. 
McKean, C. B., e. April 30, 1864. 
Monroe, C. A., e. May i, 1864. 
Sutherland, D. W., e. May 3, 1864. 

Company F 
Bcranek, John, e. May 21, 1861. 

FIRST CAVALRY. 

(Note — This regiment was mustered out at Austin, Tex,, Feb. 15, 1866,) 

Company B 
Bugler Edmund T. Hopkins, e. July 18, 1861. 



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174 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Crane, O. B., e. Jan. 5, 1864. 
Penniman, C. G., e. July 18, 1861. 
Stanley. E. G., e. July 18, 1861. 
Smith, Howard E., e. July 18, 1861. 

Company G 

Corp. Lawrence Schoonover, e. July 13, 1861. 

Armitage, John. 

Casseleman, Levi, vet. Dec. 9, 1863. 

Gant, Matthew. 

Johnson, W. D., vet. Jan. 5, 1864. 

Larkey, Alex., died Feb. 19, 1862. 

Company K 

Phelan, Jas., e. Aug. 17, 1861. 

Atwood, Chas. P., e. May 15, 1861, vet. Dec. 20, 1863. 

Alspaugh, D. A., e. May 15, 1861. 

Fairchilds, A. H., e. May 15, 1861, vet. Dec. 20, 1863. 

Fitzsimmons, John, e. July 18, 1861. 

Jamieson, Samuel, e. Aug. 17, 1861, vet. Dec. 20, 1863. 

Kidder, John G., e. Aug. 17, 1861. 

Company L 

Q. M. S. James V' Brown, e. Aug. 25, 1861. 

Sergt. H. A. O'Bladen. 

Farrier Reuben Barnes, disd. Nov. 15, 1861. 

Farrier Wm. J. Bowman, disd. Nov. 15, 1861. 

Saddler Herman Bray, disd. Feb. 7, 1862. 

Barnard, Wm., disd. Dec. i, 1861. 

Maurice, Z., vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Brown, Milton, disd. Dec. 11, 1861. 

Maurice, Nicholas, e. June 13, 1861, vet. Jan. 5, 1864. 

Brown, Jas. V., e. Aug. 25, 1861. 

Chase, Chas. A., e. Jan. i, 1864. 

Lawyer, Stephen, died at Little Rock, Ark. 

Watson, A. E., e. Dec. 7, 1863. 

Smith, Wm., vet. Jan. 5, 1864. 

Rogers, George, vet. Jan. 5, 1864. 

Rice, James E., vet. Jan. 5, 1864. 

Company Unknown 

Ackerman, O. B., e. Jan. 23, 1864. 
Bates, Chas., e. Jan. 23, 1864. 
Barto, C. M., e. Feb. 15, 1864. 
Dawson, John W., e. Jan. 25, 1864. 
Fay, H. A., e. Jan. 5, 1864- 
Mullford, James T., e. Jan. 5, 1864. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 175 



McCarty, Chas., e. Jan. 23, 1864. 
Phelan, Jas. H., e. March 8, 1864. 
Phatigan, Thomas, e. June 23, 1864. 
Slade, Vandelier, e. Feb. 17, 1864. 
Thompson, A. J., e. Feb. 17, 1864. 

SECOND CAVALRY. 

(Note — This regiment was mustered out at Selma, Ala., Sept. 19, 1865.) 

Company B 

Corp. A. S. Cooper, e. July 30, 1861, disd. Feb. 7, 1862. 
Barnett, Alfred, e. Dec. 14, 1863. 
Potter, John J., e. Oct. 31, 1862, vet. March i, 1864. 
Potter, I. W., e. Dec. 15, 1863. 

Company I 

Corp. Chas. C. Crocker, e. Aug. 4, 1861, wd. near Hurricane Creek, Miss. 

Corp. Eli Mead, e. Aug. 4, 1861, trans, to Inv. Corp. 

Corp. Isaac Ford, e. Aug. 14, 1861. 

Davis, George W., e. Aug. 4, 1861. 

Davis, James, e. Oct. 6, 1861. 

Krokoskia, N., e. Aug. 4, 1861. 

Kellum, Warren, e. Aug. 4, 1861, died at Benton Barracks. 

Lamb, Henry, e. Aug. 4, 1861, disd. Sept. 3, 1862, disab. 

Myrick, Rufus B., e. Aug. 14, 1861, vet. March i, 1864. 

Potter, Daniel, e. Aug. 14, 1861, vet. March i, 1864. 

Yotmt, John W., e. May 17, 1864. 

Company L 

Corp. Isaac N. Cooper, e. Sept. 12, 1861. 

Saddler, Edw. Cooper, e. Sept. 12, 1861. 

Edwards, Jacob, e. Sept. 12, 1861, vet. March i, 1864. 

Edwards, Jas., e. Aug. 15, 1862, vet. March i, 1864. 

Felby, Edw., vet. March i, 1864, kid. near Lynnville, Tenn. 

Taylor, John, e. Sept. 12, 1861. 

Company M 

Dawson, John, e. Sept. 28, 1861, disd. Oct. 13, 1863, disab. 

SIXTH CAVALRY. 

(Note — This regiment was mustered out at Sioux City, Nov. 17, 1865.) 

Company A 

Hamilton, Qark, e. Oct. 13, 1862. 
Hunter, Hiram, e. Oct. 24, 1862. 



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176 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Parsons, Jno., e. Dec. 30, 1862. 
Scriven, Jas. W., e. Oct. 4, 1862. 
Wentworth, Lorenzo, e. Dec. 30, 1862. 

Company B 

Bugh, John, e. Jan. i, 1863, disd. Feb. 24, 1865. 
Herron, Jonathan, e. Oct. 13, 1863. 

Company H. 
Morgan, Jos., e. Nov. 5, 1862. 

Company I, 
Q. M. S. Jos. O. Reynolds, e. Nov. 19, 1862, disd. Oct. 6, 1864. 

Company K. 

Com. Sergt. Peter Reeger, e. Sept. 12, 1862. 

Sergt. M. W. Jeffries, e. Sept. 12, 1862. 

Sergt. Alvin R. Byerly, e. Sept. 12, 1862. 

Sergt. Darius S. Hinman, e. Sept. 12, 1862. 

Corp. Wm. Alspaugh, e. Sept. 12, 1862. 

Brookhouse, A. H., e. Sept. 12, 1862, disd. Oct. 23, 1863, disab. 

Beeks, Wm. J., e. Sept. 12, 1862. 

Coe, Jno. D., e. Sept. 12, 1862. 

Chapper, Jno., e. Oct. 23, 1862. 

Luce, Israel, e. Sept. 12, 1862. 

Myers, Sam'l, e. Sept. 12, 1862. 

Mann, Jno., e. Oct. 22, 1862, kid. White Stone Hill, D. T. 

Mershon, Lewis, C, Sept. 12, 1862. 

Shoop, Calvin, e. Sept. 12, 1862. 

Shults, Jno. H., e. Sept. 12, 1862. 

Sampson, Daniel, e. Oct. 21, 1862. 

Company Unknown, 

Edwards, Jno., e. Oct. i, 1864. 
Tubbs, Wm., e. Oct. i, 1864. 

SEVENTH CAVALRY. 

Note — This portion of the regiment was mustered out at Sioux City, June 
22, 1866.) 

Company K. 

Shover, Jno., e. Sept. 30, 1861, vet. Feb. 29, 1864. 

Company M. 

Capt. Geo. H. Wolfe, com. Oct. 25, 1861, m. o. Oct. 31, 1864, term exp. 
Capt. Anthony Courtright, com. 2d lieut. Oct. 25, 1861, prmtd. capt. Nov. 
25, 1864. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 177 

First Lieut. L. G. Cunningham, e. as coms'y sergt. Sept. 28, 1861, prmtd. ist 
lieut. Nov. 25, 1864. 

Sergt. Samuel S. Wherry, e. Sept. 27, 1861, vet. Feb. 28, 1864. 

Corp. John B. Greer, e. Sept. 26, 1861, vet. Feb. 28, 1864. 

Corp. David Robinson, e. Oct. i, 1861, vet. Feb. 28, 1864. 

Farrier Wm. F. Angstead, e. Oct. 15, 1861. 

Brady, Wm., e. May 4, 1861. 

Carter, Wm., e. Sept. 28, 1861, vet. Feb. 28, 1864. 

Clarks, Jas., e. Sept. 28, 1861, vet. Feb. 28, 1864, disd. Feb. i, 1866, disab. 

Ferguson, Luther, vet. Feb. 28, 1864. 

Ferguson, Chas., e. May 6, 1864. 

Graham, Watson, e. Oct. 24, 1861. 

Klise, J. W., e. Sept. 28, 1861, vet. Feb. 28, 1864. 

Langan, Wm. P., e. Sept. 26, 1861, vet. Feb. 28, 1864, disd Feb. 7, 1866^ 
disab. 

Ratican, James, e. Sept. 28, 1861, vet. Feb. 28, 1864. 

Reamer, Ralph, e. Sept. 26, 1861, vet. Feb. 28, 1864. 

Seller, Joseph F., e. Oct. 2, 1861, vet. Feb. 28, 1864. 

Smith, H. W., e. Sept. 27, 1861, vet. Feb. 28, 1864. 

Swan, Avery, e. Sept. 28, 1861, vet. Feb. 28, 1864. 

Turkle, Geo., e. Sept. 27, 1861. 

Thurston, Wm. H., e. Sept. 26, 1861. 

Wherry, M. M., e. Sept. 27, 1861, vet. Feb. 28, 1864. 

Welch, W. C, e. Sept. 26, 1861, vet. March 31, 1864. 

Weeks, E. D., e. May 6, 1863. 

Yule, Geo. W.. c. Sept. 26, 1861, vet. Feb. 28, 1864. 

EIGHTH CAVALRY. 

(Note — This regiment was mustered out at Macon, Ga., Aug. 13, 1865.) 

Company G, 

Wagoner Isaac Ackarman, e. Aug. i, 1863. 

Atkins, Robt., e. Aug. 7, 1863, disd. Dec. 18, 1863, disab. 

Coffee, Thos., e. Aug. 8, 1863. 

Goudy, John S., e. Aug. i, 1863. 

Leaper, John A., e. Aug. i, 1863. 

Leaper, John, e. Aug. 8, 1863. 

McMillan, Jas. S., e. Aug. i, 1863. 

Company L. 

Corp. Wm. Fuller, e. Aug. 5, 1863, captd. at Newnan, Ga. 

BodenhiflFer, George W., e. Aug. 19, 1863, captd. at Newnan, Ga. 

Bentley, William, e. Aug. 15, 1863. 

Fuller, Samuel H., e. Aug. 7, 1863. 

Hawley, F. D., e. Aug. 12, 1863, wd. at Campbellville, Tenn. 

Kinney, Thos. J., e. Aug. 26, 1863. 



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178 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

McQueen, Adam, e. Aug. 5, 1863, died at Evansville, Ind. 
Miller, Alonzo, e. Aug. i, 1863, died at Keokuk. 
Wade, Wm., e. July 31, 1863, died at Chattanooga. 

Company Unknown. 

Munson, John, e. Nov. 23, 1864. 
Smith, Henry, e. Nov. 23, 1864. 
Wedley, John F., e. Nov. 23, 1864. 

NINTH CAVALRY. 

(Note — This regiment was mustered out at Little Rock, Feb. 3, 1866.) 

Company K. 

Capt. Jeremiah Lockwood, com. Nov. 30, 1863, resd. April 30, 1864. 

Trumpeter John G. Krouse, e. Sept. 22, 1863. 

Wagoner Silas Kenney, e. Oct. i, 1863. 

Crook, Wm. C. H., e. Sept. 10, 1863, died at St. Louis. 

Mann, Benj. F., e. Oct. i, 1863. 

Sennot, Chas. P., e. Sept. 29, 1863. 

Company Unknown. 

Warden, Geo., e. Oct. 19, 1864. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

FIRST INFANTRY. 

Soper, E. B., e. April 24, 1861, m. o. Aug. 25, 1861. 
Secrest, James M., e. April 24, 1861, m. o. Aug. 25, 1861. 

THIRD INFANTRY. 

. Corp. Charles A. Wilber, e. May 18, 1861, m. o. June 18, 1864. 
Critchfield, Elliott, e. May 18, 1861, m. o. June 18, 1864. 
Downer, Wm., e. May 18, 1861, m. o. June 18, 1864. 
Downer, Horace, e. Nov. i, 1861, wd. and disd. Nov. 28, 1862. 
Doty, Jas., e. May 18, 1861, m. o. June 18, 1864. 
Emart, Jacob, e. May 18, 1861, died Nov. 15, 1861. 
Maury, Jacob C, e. May 18, 1861, m. o. June 18, 1864. 
Platts, Asa, e. May 18, 1861, wd. Shiloh, m. o. June 18, 1864. 
Spence, James e. May 18, 1861, disd. Feb. 3, 1862. 

FIFTH INFANTRY. 

Thurston, M. E. e. June 24, 1861, wd. at luka. 
Cocket, E. W., e. June 24, 1861, disd. Dec. 3, 1862. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 179 

Corp. Geo. W. Foote, e. July i, 1861, m. o. August, 1864. 
Corp. Jos. L. Carlin, e. July i, 186 1, m. o. August, 1864. 
Conklin, Wm. E., e. July i, 1861, m. o. August, 1864. 
Stitsman, Rinehart, e July i, 1861, m. o. August, 1864. 

SIXTH INFANTRY. 

Asst. Surgeon, Norman M. Smith, com. Oct. 22, 1862. 

EIGHTH INFANTRY. 

Kelley, A. W., e. Aug. 14, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Primley, Wm. e. Aug. 14, 1861, captd. at Shiloh. 

Withell, Elias M., e. Aug. 14, 1861, disd. March 13, 1862, disab. 

ELEVENTH INFANTRY. 

Asst. Surgeon J. C. Batford, com. Oct. 25, 1863 ; resd. June 5, 1863. 
First Lieut. John A. White, com. July 26, 1865. 
Corp. Albert B. Siles, e. Sept. 28, 1861, died May 4, 1862. 
Musician Geo. M. Titus, e. Sept. 18, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

THIRTEENTH INFANTRY. 

Second Lieut. Abram E. Wood, prmtd. 2d lieut. June 7, 1865. 
Bowman, Godfrey, e. Oct. 15, 1861, disd. Feb. 3, 1865, disab. 
Foot, Jas., e. Oct. 15, 1861, died Aug. 4, 1862. 
Lockwood, J., e. Oct. 15, 1861, disd. Dec. 11, 1861, disab. 
Postelwaight, J. J., e. Oct. 15, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864, wd. 
Shaffer, Samuel B., e. Oct. i, 1861, disd. Jan. i, 1862. 
Selby, Henry, e. Oct. 15, 1861, disd. March 3, 1862. 

SIXTEENTH INFANTRY. 

Blake, James, e. Dec. 9, 1861, wd. Shiloh. 

Brown, George, e. Dec. 12, 1861, trans, to Inv. Corps. 

Bodenhoffer, John, e. Dec. 19, 1861, vet. Feb. 28, 1864, wd. 

Corbin, Aaron F., e. Dec. 20, 1861, died June 30, 1862. 

Hulett, Oliver B., e. Jan. 23, 1862, died Aug. 5. 

Hamilton, Alexander, e. Feb. 23, 1863, vet. Feb. 28, 1864. died Aug. 7, 1864. 

Capt. Marshall C. Fuller, com. March 24, 1862, m. o. June 10, 1862. 

Corp. Alexander Maple, vet. Jan. 16, 1864, Captd. July 22, 1864. 

EIGHTEENTH INFANTRY. 

Corp. Henry A. Burch, e. July 11, 1862, m. o. July 20, 1865. 
Bower, Wilson, e. July 9. 1862, m. o. July 20, 1865. 



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180 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Dumont, Thomas R., e. July 9, 1862, m. o. July 20, 1865. 
Hodge, Alfred, e. July 11, 1862, wd. Jan. 8, 1863. 
Hazebrigg, A. J., e. July 7, 1862, m. o. July 20, 1865. 
Phillips, Jerome, e. July 21, 1862, disd. Feb. 19, 1863, disab. 
Russell, C. C, e. July 17, 1862, m. o. July 20, 1865. 

TWENTY-FIRST INFANTRY. 

Bly, Joseph, e. June 25, 1862, m. o. July 15, 1865. 
Beatty, David, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. July 15, 1865. 
JeflFerson, Charles H., e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. July 15, 1865. 
Kress, H. W., e. Aug. 22, 1862, disd. March 20, 1863, disab. 
McMahon, Patrick, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. July 15, 1865. 
Robins, Amos, e. July 28, 1862, m. o. July 15, 1865. 

TWENTY-SIXTH INFANTRY. 

Sergt. M. R. Brown, e. June 27, 1862, disd. May 22, 1863, disab. 
Corp. Alonzo D. Linde, e. July 7, 1862, m. o. June 6, 1865. 
Farmer, S. H., e. July 7, 18^, died Oct. 19, 1863. 
Kanally, James, e. Aug. 2, 1862, died Dec. 27, 1862. 
Low, Edwin, e. July 7, 1862, m. o. June 6, 1865. 
Reed, Charles, e. June 13, 1862, died Feb. 22, 1863. 
Williams, John L., e. July 7, 1862, trans. 

THIRTY-FOURTH INFANTRY. 

GiflFord, C. M., e. Aug. 13, 1862, disd. Feb. 9, 1863. 
Dickey, R. B., e. Jan. 23, 1864, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 

THIRTY-FIFTH INFANTRY. 

Betzer, Aaron R., e. Aug. 19, 1862, trans. 

THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY. 

Qine, Chas., e. Aug. 22, 1862, kid. Oct. 5, 1864. 
Rye, Wm., e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. June 5, 1865. 
Snyder, J. F., e. Aug. 22, 1862, captd. Oct. 5, 1864. 
Wry, Absalom, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. June 5, 1865. 
Wry, James, e. Aug. 22, 1862, died Feb. 19, 1865. 

FORTY-SIXTH INFANTRY. 

Thurlow, L. C, e. May 30, 1864, m. o. Sept. 23, 1864. 
Coolsmith, Wm., e. May 30, 1864, m. o. Sept. 23, 1864. 
Klise, Chas. F., e. May 30, 1864, m. o. Sept. 23, 1864. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 181 

FOURTH CAVALRY. 

Second Lieut. Michael McLaughlin, e. as sergt., Sept. 23, 1861, com. ad lieut 
Sept. 28, 1864, returned to ist sergt. 

Corp. George M. Stewart, e. Sept. 23, 1861, m. o. Aug. 10, 1865. 
Pierce, Laban, vet. Dec. 19, 1863. 

FIFTH CAVALRY. 

Painter, Wm. H., e. Feb. 26, 1864, m. o. Aug. 11, 1865. 

FIFTH VETERAN CAVALRY. 

Burlingham, Mark, e. Feb. 20, 1864. 

Newcomb, Geo. W., e. Feb. 29, 1864. 

Samons, Curtis^ e. Feb. 29, 1864. 

Sergt. Luther V. Brainard, Oct. 7, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864, prisoner of war. 

Sergt. William D. Gleason, e. Oct. 25, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864, 

Brainard, John F., e. Feb. 6, 1861, vet. Feb. 6, 1864. 

Edwards, G. H., e. Oct. 25, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Ensign, G., e. Feb. 26, 1861, vet. Feb. 26, 1864. 

Isabell, M. M., e. March 7, 1861, vet. March 7, 1864. 

Parmenter, Wm. H., e. Feb. 26, 1861. 

Randall, O., e. Feb. 26, 1861. 

THIRD BATTERY LIGHT ARTILLERY. 

Dodge, Frederick D., vet. March 21, 1864, m. o. Oct. 3, 1865. 
Waudick, Thos., vet. Dec. 22, 1863, m. o. Oct. 3, 1865. 
Waddick, Wm., vet. Dec. 22, 1863, m. o. Oct. 3, 1865. 

ENGINEER REGIMENT OF THE WEST. 

Artificer J. P. Davis, e. Sept. 21, 1861. 
Artificer Andrew J. Norton, e. Sept. 21, 1861. 

THIRTEENTH ILLINOIS INFANTRY. 

Musician Samuel Huber, e. April 24, 1861. 

THIRTY-THIRD ILLINOIS INFANTRY. 

Cole, Edmund F., e. Aug. 21, 1861, disd. May, 1864. 

THIRTY-SEVENTH ILLINOIS INFANTRY. 

Black, Jas., e. Sept. 8, 1861, m. o. May 15, 1866. 



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182 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

FIFTY-FIRST ILLINOIS INFANTRY. 

Gavin, Wm., e. Jan. 28, 1862, m. o. Sept. 25. 1865, 

SECOND KANSAS CAVALRY. 

Corp. Jacob S. Ray, e. Sept. 28, 1861. 
Hays, Horace, e. Sept. 14, 186 1. 
Hoskins, P. L., e. Nov. 14. 1861. 
Tyrell, Isaac N., e. Oct. 28, 1861. 

THIRTEENTH INFANTRY. 

Wood, Abram E., e. Sept. 17, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Sergt. Hector E. Baldwin, e. Sept. 17, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Breithaupt, C. F., e. Sept. 17, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Brundage, Oliver, e. Sept. 17, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Bunce, Wesley, e. Sept. 17, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1861. 

Coffee, Ezra, e. Sept. 17, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Davis, Wm., e. Sept. 17, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Gibbony, Jas., e. Sept. 17, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Kane, Peter, e. Sept. 17, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Kohl, D., e. Sept. 17, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

McArthur, John, e. Sept. 17, 1861, vet. Dec. i, 1863. 

Phelan, D. J., e. Sept. 17, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Warrington, I. C, e. Sept. 17, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

LIST OF SOLDIERS IN JONES COUNTY AS SHOWN BY THE ASSESSOR'S 
BOOKS IN 1885. 

The list given below of the soldiers in Jones county is possibly not as complete 
as would be desired, but it will furnish an interesting and valuable table for refer- 
ence. The record is good so far as it could be obtained from the assessor's books 
of that year and published in the Anamosa Eureka. 

' Cass Township. 

Atwood, C. P., Private K, ist Iowa Cav. 
Benskotec, V. W., Private G, 148 Pa. 
Boots, Joseph, Private B, 13th 111. 
Beebec, Charles, Private C, losth 111. 
Cunningham, H. H., Private E, 137th N. Y. 
Denio, Peter, Private D, 98th N. Y. 
Daywitt, M. C, Private K, 12th Iowa Cav. 
Jones, J. P., Drummer D, 8th Kansas. 
Monroe, H. H., Private E, 31st Iowa. 
Rushford, Nelson, Private D, I42d N. Y. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 183 



Smith, D. G., Private D, 2d Iowa. 
Chopper, John, Private K, 6th Iowa Cav. 
Wilson, W. E., Private I, 149th N. Y. Inf. 

Castle Grove, 

GaIHgan, Wm., Private H, 31st Iowa. 
McLaughlin, M., ist Sergt. B, 4th Iowa Cav. 
Ommen, Peter, Private C, 21st Iowa Inf. 
O'Rouke, Lawrence, Private B, 46th 111. R^. 
Rearick, Wm., Private D, 2nd Iowa. 
Summerville, David, Private H, 7th Ohio. 
♦Troy, Edward, Private 6th Iowa Inf. 
Waddick, Thomas, Private, 3d Iowa Bat. 

Clay. 

Bodenhofer, J. H., Corporal H, i6th Iowa Inf. 
Bodenhofer, G. W., Private L, 8th Iowa Inf. 
Kinney, T. J., Private L, 8th Iowa Inf. 
Donahue, Wm., Private M, 6th Iowa Inf. 
French, I. N., Private F, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Herrington, John, Private A, i8th Iowa Inf. 
Lee, J. F., ist Sergt. F, 12th Iowa Inf. 
McGlocklin, Wm., Private D, 2d Iowa Inf. 
Whitson, James, Private K, 15th Kan. Cav. 
Undergraf, Joseph, Private A, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Johnson, J. R., Private K, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Russell, John, Private C, 14th Iowa Inf. 
Osbom, Lyman, Private I, 47th Wis. Inf. 
Brown, E. E., Private H, 2d Iowa Inf. 
Hanna, J. D., Private K, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Moncrief, Jas., Private F, 25th Iowa Inf. 
Lavery, Hugh, Private B, 21st 111. Inf. 
Hanna, G. A., Private A, 13th Iowa Inf. 
McDaniel, O. 

Fairview. 

*Shaw, W. T., Sergt. C, 2d Ky. Vol. Inf. 
Shaw, W. T., Col. 14th Iowa Vol. Inf. 
Bromily, W. T., Sergt. H, 146th N. Y. Inf. 
Cash, John, Private A, N. Y. Inf. 
Strickle, James, Private A, 45th 111. Inf. 
Darsee, Napoleon, Private G, 6oth N. Y. Inf. 
Darsee, N., Private E, 65th N. Y. Inf. 



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184 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Brown, J. J., Private B, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Walbridge, W. W., Private F, 15th N. Y. Inf. 
Qine, Wm., Private F, 13th Iowa Inf. 
Post, Daniel L., Private H, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Ronen, John, Private A, 7th Iowa Cav. 
Harter, G. W., Private E, iioth Ohio Inf. 
Northrop, James, Private H, 14th Iowa Inf. 
Northrop, Henry, Private E, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Campbell, John, Private F, 45th 111. Inf. 
Campbell, John, Private A, 90th 111. Inf. 
Wry, Wm., Corporal K, 39th Iowa Inf. 
Leaper, John A., Private D, 8th Iowa Inf. 
Worden, John H., Private G, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Ridings, James, Private D, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Scott, Geo. W., Private E, 46th Iowa Inf. 
Ruhl, Wm. G., Private K, I, D, loth 111. Cav. 
Moyer, Samuel, 111. Inf. 
Dragoo, I. N. Private K, 7th Iowa Inf. 
Weatherson, Luke, Private K, 26th Iowa Inf. 
Kerr, Porter, Private E, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Leaper, John W., Private G, 8th Iowa Inf. 

Anamosa. 

Burlingham, P. M., Private D, sth Iowa Cav. 
Purcell, Martin, Private M, 7th Iowa Cav. 
Bunce, Reuben, Private L, ist Iowa Cav. 
Mudd, Hillary, Private C, 44th Wis. Inf. 
Pierce, Lucian D., Corporal F, 33d Wis. Inf. 
Bamhard, John H., Private E, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Brown, Milton R., Private L, ist Iowa Cav. 
Fish, Wm. D., Private C, ist Iowa Cav. 
Aldrich, Lucian C, Private E, 2d Vermont Inf. 
Cook, Wm., Private E, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Arnold, Hiram, Private K, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Thompson, Thomas, Private B, 32d Iowa Inf. 
McGowan, Calvin, Private B., 9th Iowa Inf. 
Brant, E. H., Private C, 144th N. Y. Inf. 
Mason, Presley R., Private C, 51st 111. Inf. 
Slingeriand, G. H., Private F, i8th 111. Inf. 
Eaton, Amos V., Corporal H., i8th Iowa Inf. 
Pope, Solomon A., Private D, 2d Iowa Inf. 
Stickley, Robert, Private C, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Healy, Robert, Private E, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Moreland, John, Private F, 20th Iowa Inf. 
Stickney, James, Private B, 6th Iowa Cav. 
Chapman, Carlos, Private H, 14th Iowa Inf. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 186 



Chadwick, David, Private E, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Foley, Wm. B., Private H, 5th Iowa Cav. 
Templeman, U. F., Private H, 20th Iowa Inf. 
Wilson, Andrew G., Private H, 8th Mich. Cav. 
Washington, P., Private G, 15th Iowa Inf. 
Keeler, Ezra, Sergt Sig. Corps, U. S. A. 
Chapman, Frank, Corporal K, ist N. Y. Art. 
Phelin, James H., Private K, ist Iowa Cav. 
Scroggs, John A., Private A, 44th Iowa Inf. 
Kelly, David H., Private L, 7th Iowa Cav. 
Nandell, Robert, Private G, 14th Mo. Inf. 
Fisher, Frank, Private H, 13th Iowa Inf. 
Simons, William H., Sergt. G, 33d Wis. Inf. 
Lamson, James H., Private G, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Yount, Geo. L., 2d lieut. I, ist Iowa Inf. 
Yount, G. L., 2d lieut. H, 3rd Mo. Inf. 
Jackels, Wm. O., Private F, 74th 111. Inf. 
Gard, Samuel S., Private C, ist Minn. Inf. 
Wilds, T. M., Private C, 2d Iowa Cav. 
Sigworth, H. W., 5th Sergt. H, 67th lU. Inf. 
Johnson, James, Private H, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Patterson, T. E., Corporal E, ist Iowa Cav. 
Wilkinson, Robert, Private K, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Sigworth, Miles P;, ist Lieut. G, 155th Pa. Inf. 
McMiller, John, Private A, 32nd Iowa Inf. 
Rosencrans, Lewis, Private C, 134th 111. Inf. 
Dunklee, Freeman S., Private A, 36th 111. Inf. 
Wood, E. J., Private F, 115th Ohio Inf. 
Brasted, Isaac H., Private L, ist N. Y. Art. 
Cudworth, John G., Captain C, 20th N. Y. Cav. 
Condit, E. M., Corporal C, 7th Ohio Inf. 
Barnard, Wm., Private L, ist Iowa Cav. 
Prentice, T. S., Private E, nth Wis. Inf. 
Aldrich, A. W., horse farrier E, 5th N. Y. Cav. 
Schoonover, L., Private G, ist Iowa Cav. 
Kempsey, M. C, Colonel, 87th U. S. C. D. 
Hammond, Geo., Private B, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Gillen, Owen E., Com. Sergt., 5th Iowa Cav. 
Adair, L. J., Orderly Sergt. H, 104th Ohio Inf. 
Desart, Leander E., Private H, 34th Iowa Inf. 
Valendingham, W. H., Private C, 7th Iowa Inf. 
Kenyon, M. B., Private, 8th N. Y. Art. 
Nowlin, Fred, Private K, 14th Iowa Inf. 
Parsons, Thos. T., Captain F, 48th U. S. Inf. 
Fargo, Wilson D., Band, 8th Mich. Inf. 
Alspaugh, Wm., Sergt. K, 6th Iowa Cav. 
HoUenbeck, H.. Private F, 20th Iowa Inf. 



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186 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Hall, Samuel C, Corporal H, 14th Iowa Inf. 
Clothier, Smith, Private G, 2d 111. Art. 
Griffin, John C, Private C, 153d 111. Inf. 
Coe, C. W., Sergt. F, 20th Iowa Inf. 
Brimdige, O., Private F, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Buckner, Thos., Private E, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Brown, Wm. M., Private E, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Maudsley, C. W., Private H, 31st Iowa Inf. 

Strawberry Hill. 

Curttright, Elias, Private F, 13th Iowa. 
Dickerson, Wm., Private E, 13th Iowa. 
Russel, D., Chaplain, 104th N. Y. Vol. 

Greenfield. 

Tathwell, E., Private A, 96th Ohio. 
Leonard, W. P., Private Sig. Service, Iowa. 
Duncan, James, Private H, 14th Iowa. 
English, David, Seaman, Pa. 
Vernon, John, Private C, I42d Ohio. 
Mitchell, James, Private A, 198th Ohio. 
Miller, E. V., ist Lieut. F, 13th Iowa. 
Hilton, A. W., Private M, ist N. Y. 
Zimmerman, H., Private F, 13th Iowa. 
Davis, Geo. W., Sergt. G, 2d Iowa. 
Kane, Peter, Corporal F, 13th Iowa. 
Mettee, Geo., 2d Lieut. B, nth Ind. 
Swan, John, Private K, 9th Iowa. 

Hale, 

Click, W. H., Corporal B, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Soper, G. W., Private K, 35th Iowa Inf. 
Whitney, J. H., Private B, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Chatterton, H. P., Private H, ii8th N. Y. Inf. 
Simmons, Coleman, Private B, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Sawyer, Samuel, Corporal E, 169th N. Y. Inf. 
Holmes, T. J., Private B, N. Y. 
Giddings, W. F., Private H, 33d 111. Inf. 
Smith, B. A., Private G, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Lewis, George, Private L, 15th 111. Cav. 
Young, Benj., Private K, 17th 111. Cav. 
Wolfe, Geo. H., Captain M, 7th Iowa Cav. 
Austin, Thomas, Sergt. 31st Iowa Inf. 
Scriven, B. H., Private A, 15th Iowa Inf. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 187 



Cole, Simeon W., Sergt. G, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Starry, Wm., Sergt. B, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Garrison, W. S., Private G, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Demoney, B. A., Private H, 57th Pa. Inf. 
Qay, J. R., Private B, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Qay, D. A., Private B, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Freeman, H. C, Lieut G, 31st Iowa inf. 
Austin, J. C, Captain G, 31st Iowa Inf. 

Jackson. 

Grassfield, David, Private F, 20th Iowa. 
Meeks, Wm., Private D, 2d Iowa. 
Cylmer, Charles, Private G, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Byers, Samuel, Private E, 2d Iowa. 
Dart, M. J., Private B, 2d Mo. 
Ryan, Lyman, Private K, 2d Iowa. 
Belknap, Cable, Private E, 2d Ind. 
Casteel, M., Private F, Wurz Mo. Battery. 
Meek, I. H., Private G, 51st Ohio. 
Foust, Benj., Private C, 44th Iowa. 
James, Walter, Lieut. B, 9th Iowa. 
Lyons, J. W., Private E, 31st Iowa. 
Blood, O. T., Corporal G, 112th N. Y. 
Anderson, M. A., Private B, 45th 111. 
Bunce, Reuben, Vet. L, ist Iowa Cav. 
Ireland, B. F., Private G, 31st Iowa Inf. 

Madison. 

Cobum, Robert, Private A, 143d Ohio Inf. 
Krouse, John G., Trumpeter K, 9th Iowa Cav. 
Krouse, J. G., 14th Iowa Inf. 
Himebaugh, H. H., Private C, 44th Iowa Inf. 
Sutton, Henry G., Private O, 5th Iowa Cav. 
Pelkey, Israel, Corporal B, 5th Mich. Art. 
Pelkey, I., Corporal H, 8th Mich. Cav. 
Dodge, Warren, Private C, 88 111. 
Slife, James, Private G, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Carter, Samuel, Private E, 45th Iowa Inf. 
Leggett, J., Private A, ist N. Y. Dragoons. 
Preston, David, Private K, ist Maryland Cav. 
Hall, James L., Sergt. K, 24th Iowa Inf. 
McKelvey, T. H., Private U. S. S. Corps. 
Espy, R. J., Private D, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Crans, Adolphus W. 
Ingram, John, Private H, 31st Iowa Inf. 



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188 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Wright, J. W., Corporal A., 12th W. Va- Cav. 
Jenkins, Royal A., Private B, 145th Pa. Inf. 
Bugh, Alexander, Private B, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Davis, Wm., Private I, 326. Ohio Inf. 
Gridley, Charles B., Sergt. G, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Brutsman, Frank, Private A, 92d 111. Inf. 
i£vans, Geo. W., Private H, 21st 111. Inf. 
LeMaster, J. A., Corporal D, 45th 111. Inf. 
Wirt, John, Private A, 196th Ohio Inf. 
Courtney, J. H., Private K, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Farrington, G. L., Private 3, Iowa Bat. 
Grimm, F., Sergt. 7, Ohio Ind't Bat. 
Noyes, N. B., Corporal F, 29th Ohio Inf. 
James, J. W., Captain A, 12th W. Va. Cav. Confcd. 

Monticello. 

McGregor, Geo., Private H, ist Md. Inf. 
Sarles, S. E., Private ist. 111. 
Stuart, B., Private D, 9th Iowa. 
Whittemore, F. A., ist Lieut. F, 21st Iowa. 
Albinger, J., Private 21st, Iowa. 
Winsor, J. H., Private C, 39th Wis. Inf. 
Rather, J. J., Private A, 50th Wis. Inf. 
Pierce, H. F., Private C, 31st Iowa. 
Magee, D. F., ist Lieut. D, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Grover, I. W., Private I, ist Minn. 
Mellett, E. T., ist Lieut. E, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Dawson, I. H., Private 5th, 111. Light Art. 
Quimby, D. C, Corporal F, 37th Iowa Inf. 
Farwell, S. S., Major 31st, Iowa Inf. 
Merrill, J. W., Private I, 52d 111. Inf. 
Graves, James, Private A, 52d 111. Inf. 
Dolphin, John, Private A, 21st Iowa Inf. 
Ryder, C. J., Captain H, io6th N. Y. 
Smith, Nathan, Private M, 2d Iowa Cav. 
McConnon, John, Private H, 31st Iowa. 
Morris, N., Private L, ist Iowa Cav. 
Develin, Peter, Private F, 73d Pa. 
Hughs, Isaac, Private F, 21st Iowa. 
Eulanks, John, Private L, 4th Iowa. 
Zigler, Jacob, Private I, 37th Iowa Inf. 
Matthews, John, Private H, 31st Iowa. 
Haussler, Lewis, Private C, 17th N. Y. Inf. 
. Dufoe, Fred, Private D, nth Mo. 
Jones, W. B., Private F, 21st Iowa Inf. 
Ackerman, Isaac, Private G, 8th Iowa Inf. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 189 



McCulloogh, M., Private C, 8th Pa. Cav. 
Miller, Isaac, Corporal D, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Pond, D. E., ist Lieut., 7th U. S. Vol. 
Foster, L., Private L, 3d Iowa Cav. 
Monroe, C. A., Private C, 44th Iowa Inf. 
Waugh, W. H., Private I, 34th Ind. Inf. 
Springer, Dennis, Private H, 4th Minn. Inf. 
Jarret, Benj., Private A, 31st Iowa. 
Ruger, John, Private I, ist Wis. Inf. 
Dunham, F. S., 2d Lieut. L, 2d Cav. 
Stillman, J. R., 2d Lieut. B, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Gardiner, I. L., Private G, 130th N. Y. Inf. 
Chesterfield, C, Private G, ist Mich. 
Howard, E. N., Private C, 2d 111. light Art. 
Nichols, A. J., Private G, 19th Iowa Inf. 
Edwards, E. P., Private F, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Smith, N. M., Surgeon, 6th Iowa Inf. 
Hicks, Frank, Private H, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Gregory, W. H., Corp. C, 8th U. S. Inf. 
Harrir^on, John, Private I, 21st Iowa Inf. 
Cassidy, J. P., Private D, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Crawford, C. A., ist Lieut. L, 8th Iowa Cav. 
Sloan, John, Private C, 6th Iowa Cav. 
Towle, C A., ist Sergt. D, 15th N. H. Inf. 
Nelson, John, Private E, 3d Mass. Vol. 
Cassidy, Andrew, Private C, 2d Iowa Inf. 
Hartsough. W. D., Corporal F, 3d Iowa Inf. 
Phillips, I. H., Private D, 142 Ohio Inf. 

Monticello City. 

Voorhees, James, Private I, 32d 111. 
Conway, Wm., Private I, 41st Iowa. 
Clark, John L., Private I, 21st Iowa. 
Frye, John H., Sergt. H, 13th Iowa. 
Skelly, James, Corporal I, 26th Ind. 
Grover, Samuel, Private F, Iowa. 
Davidson, James, ist Lieut. G, 52d 111. 
Breen, Michael, Private D, 9th Iowa. 
Shover, John, Private A, 12th Iowa Inf. 
Shover, John, Private K, 7th Iowa Cav. 
Fitzimmons, John, Sergt. K, ist Iowa. 
Quaintance, M. A., Private D, 33d Iowa. 
Fawkes, Allen, Private G, ist Iowa. 
Chapman, C. C, Private C, 28 Mich. 
Lawrence, Fred, Private H, 31st Iowa. 
Haun, George M., 2d Iowa. 



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190 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Beranek, John F, 44th Iowa Inf. 
Sutton, John E., 7th Cav. 

Steele, Wm., Cav. 

Robinson, Wm., G, 31st Iowa. 

Cook, George, 133 Ohio. 

Field, Geo. H., nth N. Y. Cav. 

Nichols, Chas., N. Y. Art. 

Coulton, Lorene D., ist Sergt. B, 9th Iowa. 

Courttright, A., Captain M. 7th Iowa Cav. 

Cooper, Emil, 7th Iowa Cav. 

McDonald, Samuel, ist Lieut. A, 93d 111. Vol. 

Keller, Andrew, B, 6th Iowa Cav. 

Sutliff, Wm., C, 2d Iowa. 

Dyson, Thomas, 6th Iowa Cav. 

Reamer, Ralph, C, 14th Iowa Cav. 

Seykes, R., E, 96th Ohio. 

Thurston, Wm., 7th Iowa Cav. 

Langan, W. P., Corp. M, 7th Iowa Cav. 

Wilimek, Vinel, 17th Iowa. 

Munsell, E. L., ist Wis. Inf. 

Munsell, E. L., Private ist, U. S. Shooters. 

Zellers, Joseph, Private M, 7th Iowa Inf. 

Oxford Junction, 

Blakely, H. M., Corporal I, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Fessenden, Wm., Private. 
Hastings, G. A., Private A, 74th 111. Inf. 
Keech, John H., Private I, 92d 111. Inf. 
Kilmer, Wm., Musician G, 127th 111. Inf. 
Millsap, John, Private D, nth Iowa Inf. 
Stout, John, Private A, nth 111. Inf. 
Sacora, Joseph, Private C, 15th Iowa Inf. 
Watson, M. D., Private Battery E, ist R. I. 

Richland. 

Loes, Jacob, Private I, 21st Iowa Inf. 
Moore, William, Private I, 21st Iowa Inf. 
Beatty, David, Private I, 21st Iowa Inf. 
Wright, James, Private D, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Hein, J. A., Private D, ist U. S. 

Rome, 

Stewart, J. A., Private B, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Fisher, Wm., Private G, 104th Ohio Inf. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 191 



Ristine, J. G., Private B, 72d Ind. Inf. 
Emerson, Charles, Private G, 31st Iowa Inf. 
White, William, Private G, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Handy, , 2d Lieut. G, 31st Iowa Inf. 

Olin. 

Barker, Usal, Private B, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Brickley, J. T., Private B, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Brock, C. L., Private F, 104th 111. Inf. 
Bell, J. J., Private F, 13th Iowa Inf. 
Qothier, Theo., Private G, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Duncan, W. F., Private C, 83d 111. 
Dicus, W. H., Private G, ist 111. Cav. 
Ellis, W. H., Private K, 24th Iowa. 
Green, Albert, Private B, 9th Iowa. 
Holmes, O. P., Private H, 35th Iowa. 
Ireland, S., Private G, 31st Iowa. 
Jackson, A. J., Corporal C, 203 Pa. 
Mason, C. W., Private D, 3d Pa. Art. 
Olmstead, P. E., ist Sergt. I, 53d 111. 
Pike, J. L., Private K, 17th Iowa. 
Price, J. M., ist Corporal B, 9th Iowa. 
Reed, S. W., Private G, 31st Iowa. 
Rummel, D. E., ist Corporal B, 9th Iowa. 
Stivers, E. H., Private F, 5th Iowa Cav. 
Simpson, J. C, Private G, 3is^ Iowa. 
Sealls, B., Private A, 15th Iowa. 
Starry, Daniel, Private G, 31st Iowa. 
Sealls, E. R., Private H, 35th Iowa. 
Sherman, B., Private B, 9th Iowa. 
Vrooman, W. L., Private G, 34th Iowa. 
Waldo, H. H., Private E, 5th Iowa Cav. 
White, J. A., Lieut. E, nth Iowa. 

Scotch Grove, 

Marshall, Thomas, Private G. 3d Iowa. 
Murray, James, Private L, 5th Iowa Cav. 
Davis, Francis A., Corporal I, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Sutherland, Adam, Private D, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Orr, John, Private D, 37th Mass. Inf. 
Fuller, Wm., Private D, 9th Iowa Inf. 
Murphy, Chas. H., Private C, 44th Iowa Inf. 
Sutherland, John, ist Lieut. D, 9th Iowa Inf. 
McKean, C. B., Private C, 44th Iowa Inf. 
Hoyt, Ed., Private I, loth Iowa Inf. 



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192 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Barahill, R. S., Private K, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Ferrian, F. W., ist Sergt M, 2d Iowa Cav. 
Sweesy, M., ist Sergt. H, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Eby, Samuel, Corporal A, 24th Iowa Inf. 

IVashington. 

Fagan, John, Private I, 21st Iowa. 
Fagan, Hugh, Private I, 21st. 
Flannigan, Chas., Private B, 6th 
McCanna, James O., Private B, 6th 

Wayne, 

Himebaugh, G. L., Private D, 2d Iowa Inf. 

Heasty, A. M., Private M, 2d Cal. Inf. 

Scheer, C, Private H, Military Acad. Vol. 

Bates, John, Private C, 2d Iowa Inf. 

Stutt, John, Private D, 34th 111. 

Stutt, John, Private E, La. Light Bat. 

Hartman, P. J., Corporal H, 14th Iowa Inf. 

Burke, T., Private I, 47th Pa. 

Weiss, J. A., Drummer B, 54th Pa. Inf. 

Walker, M. H., Private D, 169 Pa. Inf. 

Smith, W., Private A, 57th Ohio Inf. 

Reymore, G. W., Private K, ist N. Y. Light Art. 

Priest, J. D., Private D, 2d Iowa. 

Wager, J., Private D, N. Y. 

Bigley, Noah, Sergt. I, 37th Iowa. 

French, Henry, Private D, 34th 111. 

Green, W. H., E, 92d Ohio. 

IVyoming. 

Bottomstone, Geo., Private E, 9th Pa. Cav. 
Rohwedder, Hans, Private M, ist Iowa Cav. 
Spencer, James, Private K, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Tebo, D. G., Private K, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Tompkins, O., Private K, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Cameron, W. T., ist Lieut. B, 143d Ohio. 
Scripture, James, Private C, 21st Iowa Inf. 
Johnson, James, Private B, 26th Iowa Inf. 
Finch, I. C, Private D, i8th Mich. Inf. 
Streets, John, Private H, 76, Ohio Inf. 
Morse, M. H., Private F, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Lamey, Thos., Private F, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Paul, H. F., Private K, 24th Iowa Inf. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNr\ 193 

Woody ard, Jerry, Sergt K, 24th Iowa Inf. 
Curttright, J. E., Private E, 31st Iowa Inf. 
Chase, Geo., Iowa. 

Wyoming City. 

Bender, J. J., Sergt. H, 14th Iowa. 
Bronson, J. W., Private K, 24th Iowa. 
Marshall, T. R., Lieut., 121st Ohio. 
Calkins, Riley, Fifer K, 24th Iowa. 
Wiggans, Del., Private A, 44th Iowa. 
Fuller, Ed., Drummer H, 44th Wis. 
Merrett, C, Private, 31st Iowa, 
Champlain. E. B.. Private, 155th Ohio. 
Grindrod, J., Blacksmith A, 9th Iowa. 
Hepler, A. W., Private, loth Iowa. 
Mullett. M. J., Private, 44th Iowa. 
Aldrich. Henry, Fifer G, 31st Iowa. 
Shibley, Oliver, Drummer G, 31st Iowa. 
Peck, \V. H., Sergt. F, 31st Iowa. 
Williams, R. S., ist Lieut. K, 24th Iowa. 
Loomis, A. ^L, Captain K, 24th Iowa. 
Hart, A. A., Private K, loist 111. 
Hopkins, C. B., Private H, 58th Pa. 
Ashcraft. J. A., Private, 207th Pa. 
Pealer, David, wagoner E, 20th Ind. 
Lindsey, Xick, Private E, 126th 111. 
Loudermilch, J., Private F, 104th Pa. 
Hawley, Frank, Private L, ist Iowa Cav. 
Thomas, Elihu, Private, 14th Iowa. 
Calkins, R. J., Private K, 24th Iowa. 
Hoskins, A. R., Private M, 6th Iowa Cav. 
Mackrill, S. R., Private K, 24th Iowa. 
Bradshaw, P. R., Iowa. 
McMillan, D. L., 111. 

THE SPANISH WAR. 

The blowing up of the battleship Maine in the harbor of Havana on the 
evening of February 15, 1898, led to events in history which became of interest 
to the people of Jones county. On April 19, 1898, the congress of the United 
States adopted resolutions declaring Cuba independent, and this action precipitated 
open war with Spain. In the call by the United States for troops, a number of 
men from Jones county volunteered their services in behalf of the cause of Cuba. 
No company was organized in the county. Those from the county enlisting in the 
service were recruits, and consequently the names of those who participated in that 
short but decisive international war, cannot be accurately determined. Our infor- 



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194 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

mation has been fragmentary, but it is ascertained that among those from Jones 
county in the service were : Orla Wherry, Edward Parks, Walter T. Noyes, Ervin 
E. Reed, Newell Berga, Will Campbell, Geo. Hemon, Geo. Hogan, John White, 
Perry Sigworth and Chas. Rorah. 

One soldier surrendered his life blood in the cause. Walter T. Noyes, a son 
of Mr. and Mrs. N. B. Noyes of Onslow, died in the hospital at Montauk Point, 
Long Island, in 1898, of fevers contracted in Cuba. This noble life went out in 
the prime of young manhood. But the blood of patriotism flowed in his veins. 
His father before him was a soldier in the Civil war. Walter Noyes was a mem- 
ber of Company H, Sixteenth United States Infantry, in the regular army. His 
body was brought to Onslow and now lies buried in the Wyoming cemetery. 

BANKS AND BANKING. 

The record presented by this chapter will be found to be One of the most valu- 
able in determining the magnitude of the development of the resources of the 
county, and in securing a proper estimate of the present condition of the wealth 
of the people. 

The record herein given, includes every bank in Jones county at the present 
time, with the exception of The Bank of Martelle from which the editor has 
been unable to secure any statement in regard to its financial condition. Omitting 
this one bank, the resources of the county show an aggregate amount of money 
on deposit in the several banks, of $4,787,305.86 and an aggregate capital in- 
vested of $660,000.00, and the aggregate assets or resources of nearly 
$6,000,000.00. 

The statement given below will show at a glance the present status of the banks 
of the county as to deposits, capital and assets. 

Deposits Capital Total Assets 

Onslow Savings Bank. . $ 143454.17 $20,000 $ 165,234.19 

Monticello State Bank 1,410,090.03 100,000 1,720,648 41 

T^vell State Bank 786,574.1 1 100,000 967,293.03 

Oxford Savings Bank 201,888.70 15,000 225,955.72 

Citizens Ex. Oxford 137400.00 50,000 157,510.00 

Citizens Savings, Olin 98,317.82 20,000 127,403.74 

First Natl Bank, Olin 124,294.83 25,000 181,144.49 

Farmer's Savings, Martelle 40,314.09 10,000 50,314.09 

Citizens Savings, Anamosa 122,56349 50,000 172,761.93 

Niles & Watters, Anamosa 605,272.92 50,000 690,549.17 

Anamosa National, Anamosa 626,528.05 150,000 905,827.78 

National Bank, Wyoming 269,607.65 50,000 373,32046 

Citizens Bank, Wyoming 221,000.00 20,000 240,000.00 

Total $4,787,305.86 $660,000 $5,977,963.01 

The financial status of the county by localities, will be seen by the following 
table, giving the aggregate deposits, capital and assets by towns. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 



195 



Deposits 

Monticello $2,196,664.14 

Anamosa 1,354,364.46 

Wyoming 490,607.65 

Oxford Junction 339,288.70 

Olin 222,612.65 

Onslow 143454.17 

Martelle 40,314.09 

Total $4,787,305.86 



Capital 


Total Assets 


$200,000 


$2,687,94144 


250,000 


1,769,138.88 


70,000 


613,32046 


65,000 


383465.72 


45.000 


308,548.23 


20,000 


165,234.19 


10,000 


50,314.09 


$660,000 


$5,977,963-01 



The above table is hardly fair to the Martelle locality for the reason that The 
Martelle Bank has not been included. It is safe to say the total assets of Jones 
county, as represented by the banks of the county, is over six million dollars. 

We give below a short sketch, and a comparative statement of the several banks 
in the county, with the exception of The Martelle Bank, which we have been unable 
to secure. 

THE ONSLOW SAVINGS BANK. 

This institution of sound finance had its beginning in Onslow, August 27, 1893, 
as the private bank of J. T. Chandler and C. P. Manwaring, with a capital of 
fifteen thousand dollars. Mr. Manwaring retiring, April i, 1895, J. T. Oiandler 
conducted the bank alone until July i, 1901, when C. L. Niles of Anamosa and 
F. J. Sokol of Onslow became proprietors. The bank continued to be a private 
institution. 

In September, 1901, the institution was incorporated under the state law, under 
the name of The Onslow Savings Bank, the incorporators being C. L. Niles, 
president; F. J. Sokol, vice-president; W. J. McCready, cashier; Nick Holtz, 
Melvin Spencer, O. C. Johnston, T. B. Johnston. The capital stock was ten thou- 
sand dollars. On January 4, 1909, the capital stock was increased to twenty 
thousand dollars. The present officers are C. L. Niles, president; F. J. Sokol, 
vice-president ; Roy C. Walters, cashier. Directors : C. L. Niles, QifFord L. Niles, 
M. Spencer, F. J. Sokol, O. C. Johnston, T. B .Johnston, Paul Paulsen. 

FINANCIAL CONDITION, SEPTEMBER I4, I9O4. 

Loans $52,462.83 

Overdrafts i»703-5S 

Cash and due from banks 27,731.80 

Building and fixtures 3,100.00 

« « ♦ « ♦ 

Capital $10,000.00 

Undivided profits 987.44 

Deposits, Time 45,316.84 

Deposits, Call 28,390.22 



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196 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT, AUGUST lO, I9O9. 

Assets, 

Bills, bonds, etc., owned by bank $i 17,333.77 

Cash, drafts and checks 6,272.13 

Amount in other banks, subject to draft $ 35,122.25 

Overdrafts 2,809.54 

Real and personal property 3,696.50 

Total assets $165,234.19 

Liabilities. 

Capital $ 20,000.00 

Sight deposits $45,836.07 

Demand deposits 4,372.25 

Time deposits 93»245-85 I43454.i7 

Profits on hand 1,780.02 

Total liabilities $165,234.19 

THE MONTICELLO STATE BANK. 

This institution enjoys the distinction of being the strongest bank in Jones 
county. On April i, 1875, the Monticello Bank was organized under the state 
law with a capital of one hundred thousand dollars. The bank continued to do 
business during the twenty years of its charter, and in 1895, the charter was 
renewed under the present name of The Monticello State Bank, with the same 
capital of one hundred thousand dollars. 

The present directors : S. S. Farwell, G. Henry George, S. E. Sarles, William 
Stuhler, E. E. Hicks, John A. McLaughlin, John McDonald, O. H. Soetje. 
H. M. Carpenter. Present officers: president, S. S. Farwell; vice-president, 
William Stuhler; cashier, H. M. Carpenter; assistant cashier, H. S. Richardson. 

COMPARATIVE DEPOSITS AND LOANS. 

Deposits: July 17, 1875 (first statement), $73792; December 31, 1896. 
$521,566; December 31, 1897, $591,292; 1898, $746,734; 1899, $788413; 1900, 
$896,487; 1901, $1,011,113; 1902, $iJ49»935; 1903, $1,152,725; 1904, $1,155,194; 
1905, $1,207,183; 1906, $1,379,586; 1907, $1,466,156; December 31, 1908, 
$1,488,810. 

Loans: July 17, 1875, $118,544; December 31, 1896, $562,825; December 31, 
1897, $617,665; 1898, $718,908; 1899, $783,469; 1900, $845,419; 1901 $969,718; 
1902, $1,116,285; 1903, $1,095,229; 1904, $1,115,703; 1905, $1,200,557; 1906. 
$1,297,397: 1907, $1,294,120; December 31, 1908, $1,399787. 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT, MAY l8, I9O9. 

Assets, 

Bills, bonds, etc., owned by bank $1,528,145.56 

Cash, drafts and checks I5»87i45 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 197 

Amount in other banks subject to draft 153,728.30 

Overdrafts 5,903.10 

Real estate 17,000.00 

Total assets $1,720,648.41 

Liabilities. 

Capital $ 100,000.00 

Sight deposits $ 238,757.22 

Demand deposits 76,066.92 

Savings deposits i3'393-3i 

Time deposits 1,081,872.58 1,410,090.03 

Surplus fund 150,000.00 

Profit and loss 60,558.38 

Total liabilities $1,720,648.41 

THE LOVELL STATE BANK OF MONTICELLO. 

Next to the Monticello State Bank, the Lovell State Bank of Monticello is the 
strongest banking institution in Jones county. This bank and its predecessors be- 
long to a strong banking family. Beginning with the year 1878, when G. Vf. & 
G. L. Lovell organized the bank, the institution has enjoyed prosperity, and the 
confidence of the people in its integrity and soundness has never been questioned. 

The bank of G. W. & G. L. Lovell continued as a private banking house, until 
April 17. 1897, when The Lovell State Bank was organized and incorporated 
under the law with a capital of one hundred thousand dollars. 

The present directors : George L. Lovell, R. C. Stirton, A. L. Fairbanks, J. W. 
Doxsee, Peter C Smith, J. S. Hall, C. S. Bidwell, William Schodde, W. A. 
Mirick. The present officers: president, George L. Lovell; vice-president, J. S. 
Hall ; cashier, R. C. Stirton ; assistant cashier, L. W. Lovell. 

COMPARATIVE CAPITAL AND SURPLUS AND PROFITS, LOANS AND DEPOSITS. 

Capital, surplus and profits: April 17, 1897, $100,000.00; April 17, 1898, 
$106,557.79; 1899, $107,705.30; 1900, $111,450.02; 1901, $117,482.53; 1902. 
$121,757.34; 1903, $128,824.01; 1904, $137,254.03; 1905, $146,762.30; 1906, 
$i56,68g.95; 1907, $161,705.95; 1908, $167,861.19; 1909. $181,061.68. 

Loans: April 17, 1897, $142,885.48; April 17, 1898, $303,938.27; 1899, 
$351,610.42; 1900, $416,077.82; 1901, $466,121.09; 1902, $539»996.i9; ^903' 
$598,516.02: 1904, $616,944.02; 1905, $621,657.58; 1906, $733,608.84; 1907, 
$793,197.67; 1908, $806,407.12; 1909, $808,070.14. 

Deposits: April 17, 1897, $135,830.30; April 17, 1898, $330,669.16; 1899, 
$363^550.28; 1900, $392,054.29; 1901, $443,960.46; 1902, $539»9i5.38; 1903, 
$574,798.41; 1904, $585,051.38; 1905, $623,773.84; 1906, $696,011.00; 1907, 
$777,154.38; 1908, $795,664.53; 1909, $791,946.99. 



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198 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT, MAY l8, I9O9. 

Assets. 

Bills, bonds, etc., owned by bank $817,138.02 

Cash, drafts and checks 18466.42 

Amount in other banks subject to draft 112439.77 

Overdrafts 3>397-30 

Real estate 15,851.52 

Total assets $967,293.03 

Liabilities, 

Capital $100,000.00 

Sight deposits $132,542.21 

Demand deposits 24,744.62 

Time deposits $629,287.28 786,574.11 

Surplus 65,000.00 

Profits on hand 15,718.92 

Total liabilities • $967,293.03 

THE OXFORD JUNCTION SAVINGS BANK. 

This solid institution was organized and incorporated under the laws of Iowa, 
in August, 190 1, under the name of The Oxford Junction Savings Bank, with a 
capital of fifteen thousand dollars. This institution absorbed and succeeded The 
Oxford Junction Bank which had been started about 1887 and operated as a private 
bank by Jules Carter. 

The present officers: president, George A. Wasoba; vice-presidents, Frank 
Burda and H. H. Petersen ; cashier, F. H. Shimanek. 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT, MAY l8, I9O4. 

Resources. 

Loans and discounts $93*362.78 

Cash and due from banks 12,166.99 

Overdrafts 5,068.00 

Banking house and fixtures 6,832.84 

Total resources $1 17,430.61 

Liabilities. 

Capital $ 15,000.00 

Surplus and profits 1,700.71 

Deposits 100,729.90 

Total liabilities $1 17430.61 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 199 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT, MAY l8, I9O9. 

Resources. 

Loans and discounts $188,974.35 

Cash and due from banks 27,568.78 

Overdrafts 3,1 12.59 

Real estate and personal property 6,300.00 

Total resources $225,955.72 

LiabUities. 

Capital $ 15,000.00 

Deposits 201,888.70 

Surplus and profits 9,067.02 

Total liabilities $225,955.72 

Increase in deposits in five years $101,159.00 

Increase in total assets in five years 118,525.00 

THE CITIZENS EXCHANGE BANK, OXFORD JUNCTION. 

This obliging financial house was first organized October 19, 1889, as the Ex- 
change Bank, a private institution, with a capital of ten thousand dollars, L. Zeller 
being the owner and proprietor. On September i, 1908, the bank was reorganized 
as The Citizens Exchange Bank, with a capital of fifty thousand dollars. L. 
Zeller is president, and L. F. Zeller, cashier. The bank continues to be a private 
institution. 

FINANCIAL CONDITION, JUNE I, I9O3. . FINANCIAL CONDITION, JUNE 8, I909. 

Loans $129,954.00 Loans $157,510.00 

Deposits 132,827.00 Deposits 137400.00 

Capital 50,000.00 Capital 50,000.00 

Surplus 7,332.00 Surplus 29,628.00 

THE CITIZENS SAVINGS BANK OF OLIN. 

This banking institution has enjoyed a steady growth and has tasted of the 
milk and honey of prosperity since its organization on May 6, 1899. It organized 
with a capital of ten thousand dollars, but in the growth and development of the 
.business, the capital was soon increased to twenty thousand dollars. The first 
directors : John Moreland, W. H. Crain, H. W, Flenniken, Allen Edleman, James 
Snoddy, John Blahney, J. D. Saum, George SchoUman. The first officers : presi- 
dent, John Moreland; vice-president, W. H. Crain; cashier, H. W. Flenniken. 

The present directors: John Moreland, W. H. Crain, H. W. Flenniken, John 
McMurrin, C. W. Murfield, C. J. Brickley, Gilbert Blahney, R. H. Russell, J. D. 
Saiun. The present officers: president, W. H. Crain; vice-president, Gilbert 
Blahney ; cashier H. W. Flenniken ; assistant cashier, Qarence Brickley. 



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200 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT, MAY l8, I9OO. 

Resources. Liabilities. 
Bills receivable $29,89777 Capital $10,000.00 

^^^^ • 5419-56 Individual deposits 9,582.64 

Due from banks 2,580.52 ^ .^ r , .. o ^ .^ 

r^ . r^ ^ ^ Certificates of deposit 18,736.62 

Overdrafts 29.91 ^ '^ 

Furniture and fixtures 728.47 Undivided profits 336.97 



Total assets $38,656,23 Total liabilities $38,656.23 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT, MAY l8, I909. 

Assets. 

Bills, bonds, etc., owned by bank $96,146.36 

Cash, drafts and checks 5.912.89 

Amount in other banks subject to draft 16.305.60 

Overdrafts 4,952.92 

Real and personal property 4,085.97 



Total assets $127,403.74 

Liabilities. 

Capital $20,000.00 

Sight deposits $44,832.62 

Time deposits 53,485.20 98,317.82 

Profits on hand 9,085.92 



Total liabilities $127,403.74 

THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF OLIN. 

This is the youngest bank in Olin, and has already become a very active 
and healthy infant institution. The bank was organized and chartered under the 
Federal banking laws, February i, 1905, with a capital of twenty-five thousand 
dollars, and the following directors: George L. Schoonover, Park Chamberlain, 
George W. Huber, M. H. Crissman, L. M. Carpenter, H. D. Miller, W. T. 
Shaw and H. D. Myrick. The officers were : president, George L. Schoonover ; 
vice-president, George W. Huber; cashier, M. H. Crissman. 

The present directors: L. M. Carpenter, George L. Schoonover. Park 
Chamberlain, C. E. Walston, H. D. Miller, M. H. Crissman. The present offi- 
cers: president, George L. Schoonover; vice-president, L. M. Carpenter; cashier, 
M. H. Crissman. 

This is one of the three national banks in the county, and is the latest one 
to receive a charter. It has enjoyed a steady growth and is today one of the 
flourishing banking institutions of our county. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 201 

FIRST FINANCIAL STATEMENT, MARCH I4TH, I905. 

Resources. 

Loans and discounts $19,748.45 

U. S. bonds 6,250.00 

Premium on U. S 296.88 

Bonds and securities 379-50 

Furniture and fixtures 585.00 

Expenses paid 37^-77 

Due from National banks, not reserve agents 14,974.70 

Due from reserve agents 20,164.40 

Cash on hand 7,420.32 

Total resources $70,191.02 

Liabilities, 

Capital $25,000.00 

National bank notes outstanding 6,250.00 

Deposits 38,941.02 

Total liabilities $70,191.02 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT, APRIL 28, I9O9. 

Resources, 

Loans and discounts $89,888.73 

Overdrafts 5»993-89 

U. S. and other bonds and premium 37,364.20 

Real and personal property 12,500.00 

Due from National banks not reserve agents 10,026.91 

Due from reserve agents 16,699.73 

Cash, five per cent fund, and reserve cash 8,671.08 

Total resources $181,144.49 

Liabilities, 

Capital $ 25,000.00 

Surplus and undivided profits 6,849.66 

Circulation $ 25,000.00 

Deposits 124,294.83 

Total liabilities $181,144.49 

THE farmer's SAVINGS BANK OF MARTfeLLE. 

The youngest bank in the county is the Farmers Savings Bank of Mar- 
telle, and its last financial statement shows that it is a strong and vigorous 
infant. Its organization became a matter of record December 12, 1908, with 
a capital stock of ten thousand dollars. The stockholders are farmers with but 
few exceptions. The directors are Frank Hoffman, C. J. Murfield, Abner 
Lacock, A. J. Baird, S. C. Batchelder, J. E. Barner, A. R. Weaver. The officers 



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202 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

are: president, Frank Hoffman; vice-president, C. J. Murfield; cashier, C. H. 
Brown. 

This institution is so young in years, that no comparative statement of its 
financial condition is necessary. 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT OF AUGUST ID, I909. 

Assets, 

Bills, bonds, etc., owned by bank $37,981.50 

Cash, drafts and checks 2,137.56 

Amount in other banks subject to draft 4,800.47 

Overdrafts and expense account 756.65 

Real and personal property 4,637.91 

Total assets $50,314.09 

Liabilities. 

Capital $10,000.00 

Sight deposits $1 1,018.85 

Demand deposits 601.86 

Time deposits $28,693.38 $40,314.09 



Total liabilities $50,314.09 

THE CITIZENS SAVINGS BANK OF ANAMOSA. 

A bank that has seemed to meet with success from the start is the Citizens 
Savings Bank of Anamosa. With the exception of the Farmers Bank at Martelle, 
it is the youngest bank in the county. This institution was incorporated Nov- 
ember 8, 1906, by W. A. Cunningham, William Thomas, H. Hellberg, Sr., C. H. 
Anderson, E. K. Ray and B. E. Rhinehart. The first directors: W. A. Cunning- 
ham, William Thomas, C. H. Anderson, H. Hellberg, Sr., Dr. A. G. Hejinian, 
William T. Shaw and E. K. Ray. First officers: president, W. A. Cunningham; 
vic2 president, William Thomas ; cashier, E. K. Ray. The new bank opened for 
business March 14, 1907, with a capital of fifty thousand dollars. The present 
directors: W. A. Cunningham, William Thomas, A. G. Hejinian, L. G. Ray, 
J. A. Belknap, E. K. Ray, W. F. Hellberg. Present officers: president, W. A. 
Cunningham; vice-president, William Thomas; cashier, E. K. Ray; assistant 
cashier, W. F. Hellberg. 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT, MAY l8, I9O9. 

Assets, 

Bills, bonds, etc., owned by bank $96,601.48 

Cash, drafts and checks 14,133.41 

Amount in other banks subject to draft 46,518.61 

Overdrafts 807.87 

Real and personal property 14,700.56 

Total assets $172,761.93 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 203 

Liabilities. 

Capital $ 50,000.00 

Sight deposits $39,236.71 

Demand deposits 1,225.00 

Time deposits 82,101.78 $122,563.49 

Profits on hand 19844 

Total liabilities $172,761.93 

NILES AND WAITERS SAVINGS BANK, ANAMOSA. 

This flourishing banking institution had its origin as a National bank which 
was organized in 1871, with a capital stock of fifty thousand dollars. H. C. 
Metcalf was president, and T. W. Shapley, cashier. The directors were: H. C. 
Metcalf, C. L. Niles, John Watters, George Watters, Dr. E. Blakeslee, John 
McKean, J. C. Deitz, T. W. Shapley, C. H. Lull. 

In 1879, ^^^ National Bank surrendered its charter and the bank was then 
conducted as a private institution by H. C. Metcalf, and the following year, C. L. 
Niles and George and John Watters, organized under the name of Niles and 
Watters, private bankers, succeeding H. C. Metcalf, with a capital of twenty 
thousand dollars. 

The Niles and Watters bank continued until February 1905, when the bank 
was organized under the state law as Niles & Watters Savings Bank with a capi- 
tal stock of fifty thousand dollars with the following officers and directors: 
president, C. L. Niles; vice-presidents, QiflFord L. Niles and T. W. Shapley; 
cashier, T. E. Watters; William M. Byerly, John McDonald, George Watters, 
John Watters. The present officers and directors are: president, C. L. Niles; 
vice-presidents, Clifford L. Niles and T. W. Shapley ; cashier, T. E. Watters ; as- 
sistant cashier, F. J. Cunningham ; directors, C. L. Niles, Qifford L. Niles, Geo. 
Watters, John McDonald, T. C. Gorman, T. W. Shapley and J. E. Remley. 

FINANCIAL CONDITION ON AUGUST lO, 1899. 

Capital stock $ 25,000.00 

Deposits 328,800.00 

Surplus 6,000.00 

Cash and due from banks 115,000.00 

Loans arid discounts 235,000.00 

Furniture and fixtures 365.00 

FINANCIAL CONDITION, AUGUST lO, I9O9. 

Assets. 

Cash and drafts, etc $ 21,461.07 

Bills, bonds, etc., owned by bank 531,906.1 1 

Subject to be drawn from other banks 129,514.73 

Overdrafts 4,167.26 

Value of personal property 3,500.00 

Total assets $690,549.17 



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204 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Liabilities, 

Capital stock $ 50,000.00 

Deposits, sight, demand and time 605,272.92 

Surplus fund and undivided profits 35,276.25 



Total liabilities $690,549.17 



THE ANAMOSA NATIONAL BANK. 

This splendid and reliable banking institution is the natural successor of the 
banking business which had its beginning in the copartnership formed December 
26, 1873, between William T. Shaw, Lawrence Schoonover, James A. Bell and Ed- 
gar M. Condit, under the firm name of Shaw, Schoonover & Company, with a 
capital of twenty thousand dollars. Messrs. Condit and Bell later disposed of 
their interests to the remaining members of the firm, and the banking business 
was continued under the name of Shaw & Schoonover until 1894, when Colonel 
Shaw retired, and Mr. Schoonover continued the business individually until Jan- 
uary, 1897. 

The Anamosa National Bank was incorporated in 1892 by Charles H. Lull, 
John Z. Lull, W. N. Dearborn, C. S. Millard and others, and in 1897, this bank, 
and the institution operated by Mr. Schoonover, was consolidated, the new in- 
stitution taking the name of The Anamosa National Bank, with Mr. Schoonover 
as president, which office he held until his death in 1907. At that time the pres- 
ent incumbent of the presidency, George I-. Schoonover was elected. 

Park Chamberlain who had become associated with the bank as vice-president, 
in January, 1907, was elected cashier in March of the same year to succeed 
George L. Schoonover. Mr. Chamberlain remains in the bank in this capacity, 
and with his legal education and knowledge of men and business methods, is a 
splendid man for the place. Joseph N. Ramsey has been the assistant cashier 
of the bank since July, 1904. W. N. Dearborn is vice-president of the bank. 

In July, 1905, the capital stock of the Anamosa National Bank was increased 
to one hundred thousand dollars, and it has easily maintained its position as the 
largest National bank in the county, both as regards capital and deposits. 

In April, 1907, the management of the Anamosa National Bank organized 
the Schoonover Trust Company, with a capital of fifty thousand dollars, for the 
purpose of carrying on a more extensive mortgage and trust business, and the 
Trust Company, the first and only one in the county, has gradually taken a po- 
sition peculiar to itself among the financial institutions of the county. The Na- 
tional Bank directors are : George L. Schoonover, Grace Schoonover, W. N. 
Dearborn, H. F. Dearborn, H. W. Sigworth, F. O. Ellison, J. N. Ramsey, Park 
Chamberlain and J. E. Tyler. 

The appended table, giving a comparative statement, showing the growth of 
these institutions since 1899, shows the increase in assets to be 118 per cent in 
the last decade. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 205 

Resources. 

1899 1909. 

Anamosa National Bank. Bank & Trust Co. 

Loans and discounts *. . .$280,706.38 $684,631.06 

United States bonds 28,000.00 100,000.00 

Cash and due from banks 104,973.54 110,022.91 

Real estate 0.00 1 1,173.81 



$413,679.92 $905,827.78 
Liabilities. 

Capital stock, paid in $ 50,000.00 $150,000.00 

Suq>lus and undivided profits 2,581.62 29,299.73 

Circulation 25,000.00 100,000.00 

Deposits 335*898.30 626,528.05 



$413,679.92 $905,827.78 

THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF WYOMING. 

This is the oldest National Bank in the county that is yet doing business without 
any change in its form of -charter. The bank was organized January 26, 1872, 
by F. D. Hodgeman, W. T. Foote, John K. Pixley and others. The first directors 
were: Stephen Hamilton, Thomas Green, William H. Holmes, Whitney J. Brain- 
ard, Hiram Smith, John K. Pixley and Josiah W. Sloan The first officers: 
Hiram Smith, president; W. T. Foote, vice-president; John K. Pixley, cashier. 
This bank was the natural successor to the private bank of Butterick & Schultz. 

The present directors: A. M. Loomis, A. A. Vaughn, John T. Wherry, W. I. 
Chamberlain, W. H. Tourtellot, Fred'k H. Foote. The present officers : Fred'k 
H. Foote, president; A. M. Loomis, vice-president; A. A. Vaughn, cashier; Jas. 
S. Robertson, assistant cashier. 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT, SEPTEMBER 5, I9O3. 

Resotirces. 

Loans and discounts $207,323.75 

Overdrafts 1 1,259.14 

U. S. bonds 25,000.00 

Stocks and securities 36,105.00 

Banking house and personal property 5,000.00 

Due from banks 61,658.09 

Cash, cash items and checks 20,622.02 

Redemption fund, U. S. treasurer 1,250.00 

Total resources $368,218.00 

Liabilities. 

Capital $ 50,000.00 

Surplus and undivided profits 22,712.09 



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206 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Circulation, secured by U. S. bonds 25,000.00 

Deposits 270,505.91 

Total liabilities $368,218.00 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT, SEPTEMBER I, I9O9. 

Resources, 

Loans and discounts $288,074.03 

Overdrafts 2,252.27 

U. S. bonds 25,000.00 

Bonds and securities 4,280.00 

Banking house, real estate and personal property 5,500.00 

Due from banks 27442.99 

Cash, checks and cash items 19,521.17 

Redemption fund with U. S. treasurer 1,250.00 

Total resources $373,320.46 

Liabilities. 

Capital $ 50,000.00 

Surplus and profits 28,712.81 

Circulation, secured by U. S. bonds 25,000.00 

Sight deposits $ 65,113.85 

Demand deposits 18,052.05 

Time deposits 186,441.75 269,607.65 

Total liabilities $373,32046 

THE CITIZENS BANK OF WYOMING. 

This private financial institution has not had the advantage of succeeding 
aome other institution similar in character, in order to have had a start when its 
doors were open for business, but nevertheless, its growth and development speaks 
in tones of praise of the confidence and regard the people have had for the man- 
agement since its organization. Its doors were opened October 25, 1894, with a 
cash capital of twenty thousand dollars, C. J. Ingwersen was president, and P. S. 
Jansen, cashier. The institution has enjoyed a good patronage, and the bank is 
very generally regarded as one of the safe and sound banks in the county. The 
bank is patronized to quite an extent by the German farmers and stock raisers, 
although the patronage extends to and includes all classes. 

The Citizens Bank continues to be conducted as a private institution. Hans 
Jansen is president and P. S. Jansen, cashier; Chris J. Ingwersen is assistant 
cashier. In November, 1899, the bank deposits amounted to eighty one thousand 
dollars. 

STATEMENT OF CONDITION, SEPTEMBER I, I9O9. 

Capital $ 20,000.00 

Deposits 221,000.00 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 207 

Loans and discounts - 180,000.00 

Cash and due from banks 60,000.00 

The following table showing the live stock receipts for stock shipped to Chi- 
cago, the money of which was received by the Citizens Bank during the past 
thirteen years, gives some idea of the volume of business which passes through 
this institution, as well as giving some idea of the stock prepared for market in 
this locality, although it does not include all the stock shipped out of Wyoming 
and the surrounding territory. 
Year ending 

October 31, 1897 — 158 cars cattle, 114 cars hogs — 272 cars $ 224,010.84 

October 31, 1898 — 135 cars cattle, 127 cars hogs — 262 cars 223,178.85 

October 31, 1899 — ^68 cars cattle, 122 cars hogs — ^290 cars 279,284.41 

October 31, 1900 — 175 cars cattle, 158 cars hogs — 333 cars 324,688.51 

October 31, 1901 — 186 cars cattle, 176 cars hogs — 362 cars 383,008.19 

October 31, 1902 — 163 cars cattle, 188 cars hogs — 351 cars 445412.23 

October 31, 1903 — 190 cars cattle, 146 cars hogs — ^336 cars 379,667.71 

October 31, 1904 — 193 cars cattle, 154 cars hogs — 347 cars 353,480.10 

October 31, 1905 — ^207 cars cattle, 168 cars hogs — 375 cars 382,745.19 

October 31, 1906 — 181 cars cattle, 173 cars hogs — ^354 cars 381,512.59 

October 31, 1907 — 210 cars cattle, 174 cars hogs — 384 cars 465,215.28 

October 31, 1908 — 141 cars cattle, 149 cars hogs — ^290 cars ^93,449-36 

October 31, 1909 — 142 cars cattle, 1 14 cars hogs — 256 cars 323,717.06 



Total 13 years.. 2,249 1*963 4,2 12 $4,459,370.32 

RAILROADS. 

The first railroad in Iowa was commenced in 1854. Previous to that time, the 
struggle for a railroad had begun in Jones county. On May 2, 1852, there had 
been incorporated the Iowa Central Air Line Company, an organization which 
for a number of years figured quite conspicuously in Central Iowa, and which 
because of its "air" the Jones county people have abundant cause to remember. 

This company was incorporated at the date named, by the following persons, 
most of whom were Iowa men : Jonas Clark, John E. Goodnow, J. W. Jenkins, 
Russel Perham, Alonzo Spaulding, Elisha F. Clark, Daniel Rhodes, David 
Sears, Ira Minard, Charles Butler, Elisha C. Littlefield, G. S. Hubbard, S. S 
Jones, S. M. Hitt, George W. Waite, William Ferdman, L. H. Bowen. O. Emer- 
son, George Greene, A. F. Steadman, D. M. Mcintosh, Isaac Whittam, N. B 
Brown, S. D. Carpenter, D. W. King, N. W. Isbell, Charles Nye, Thomas J 
McKean, L. D. Jordan, E. Vanmeter, Dan Lothian, M. E. McKenney, S. C. 
Sever, William Haddock, J. H. Fisher, H. C. Metcalf, W. H. Eldridge, Porter 
Sargeant, E. A. Wood. 

The purpose of the corporation, as set forth in the articles, was "the con- 
struction, operation and use of a railroad with double or single track, and with 
all necessary appendages, branches and extensions. The main trunk or con- 
tinuous line of said road was to commence on the Mississippi, at or near Sabula, 
and run thence westerly on or near the forty-second parallel of latitude to the 



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208 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Missouri River, and thence westerly, ultimately through the South Pass to Cali- 
fornia." 

The stock of the air line company was to be ten million dollars, with the 
privilege of increasing it. A survey was made through to the Missouri River, 
passing through Maquoketa, Anamosa, Marion, Cedar Rapids, Marshalltown, 
and crossing the Missouri River just west of Onawa. Negotiations were opened 
up for a land grant and not much else was done for several years. An act of 
congress, of May 15, 1856, granted to the state of Iowa upward of three million 
acres of government lands, to be expended in building railroads. The act pro- 
vided to give a company building a road from Lyons to a point at or near Ma- 
quoketa, and thence west on the line of the air line road to the Missouri River, 
every alternate section designated by odd numbers within six miles on either 
side of the line of road, and where the land within this distance was already 
sold or preempted, the state was to select an equivalent amount of land within 
fifteen miles on either side of the road. 

The grant from the legislature to the Iowa Central Air Line Company pro- 
vided that the line should be definitely fixed and located before April i, 1857, ^°^ 
that if the road did not have seventy-five miles completed prior to December i, 
1859, or did not have the road completed before December i, 1865, that all un- 
sold lands should revert to the state. 

The land grant to this and other roads gave a tremendous impetus to railroad 
building in Iowa for several years. The land grant to the air line company alone 
was estimated by its president at nine hundred and six thousand, four hundred 
and eighty acres. The report of June 2, 1858, represents one million, two 
hundred and ten thousand dollars as already expended upon the road, most of 
which was disbursed in securing the lands of the company. 

The projected line was to cross Jones county, passing through both Wyom- 
ing and Anamosa. The county in its corporate capacity was called upon for 
help, and before the land grant had been secured, in June, 1853, almost immedi- 
ately after the formation of the company, a petition was presented to the county 
judge, asking for a vote subscribing eighty thousand dollars stock in the new 
company, to be paid in county bonds drawing eight per cent interest. These 
bonds were to be liquidated by an annual tax of one per cent. The pro|X)sition 
was carried by a vote of four hundred and fifty-nine to two hundred and forty. 

The stock was not subscribed, however, nor the bonds issued until June 15, 
1856, following the congressional land grant, nor were the bonds delivered even 
at that time. December 25, 1856, an agreement was entered into between G. C 
Mudgett, county judge, and S. S. Jones, president of the air line company, pro- 
viding that the bonds should be issued only so rapidly as the work was carried 
on in the limits of the county of Jones. 

At that time, the stock of the railroad company was above par, and it was 
agreed on the part of the corporation, that if the county should relinquish all 
right to the dividend upon the stock of the company, that the latter would agree 
to pay the interest upon the county's bonds. This would simply amount to the 
county of Jones lending her name as security to the railroad, which in the rose- 
ate hue hanging over railroad prospects, was a very small favor. Stock of the 
company, to be held in trust for the county, was immediately delivered to three 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 211 

trustees — N. G. Sales, of Anamosa; Robert Smythe, of Marion and Jas. Haz- 
lett, Jr., of Lyons. 

Under this agreement, the work of grading was immediately commenced in 
Jones county, and, in a short time, fifty-four thousand dollars of county bonds 
had been issued. This graded roadbed can yet be easily located. 

It is a well known fact that the air line company failed on account of reckless 
management and open rascality on the part of the president and other officers. 
The magnificent land grant of the company was of itself sufficient to have com- 
pleted the enterprise to the Missouri River, and the company would also have 
received cordial help from cities and citizens all along the line. Nothing was 
done. The affair was a suicide. December i, 1859, the time when the road 
should have seventy-five miles of road completed or forfeit the grant, came 
around, and not a mile of iron had been laid, and the magnificent gift of the 
government passed into the hands of the Cedar Rapids and Missouri River 
Railroad. 

Of course the air line company never paid a cent of interest upon the bonds 
of the county. Suits were entered in the United States court by bondholders 
against the county of Jones in default of the payment of interest. The plain- 
tiflF secured judgment. 

Forty-six of the fifty-four thousand dollars bonds were held by David J. 
Lake of Chicago. In May, 1865, a compromise was affected by the county's pay- 
ing Lake seventy-five cents on the dollar due, principal arid interest. Six thou- 
sand more were redeemed about the same time from other parties at nearly the 
same rate. One bond, held by G. W. Bettesworth, was settled by the pa)mient 
of one thousand, nine hundred and twenty dollars and seventy cents principal 
and interest, on the part of the county, while Bettesworth surrendered the bond 
and conveyed four thousand, five hundred and ninety acres of land to Jones 
county, which afterward sold at such a figure as to prove a good investment. 
The fifty-fourth bond was cancelled some years later. 

About 1852, there was projected a road from Dubuque to Keokuk, by way 
of Anamosa, Marion and Iowa City. This departure from the direct line gave 
to the enterprise the vulgar name of the "Rams-Horn." An incorporation was 
formed, with the Langworthys of Dubuque, Lincoln Qark and W. T. Shaw 
among the leaders. This road, as originally laid out, proved a failure, but along 
part of its line was built the Dubuque Western. 

On the occasion of the completion of this road to Anamosa, the following 
notice of it appears in the Anamosa Eureka: 

"Friday evening, 9th of March, year of grace i860, was a joyous time in 
Anamosa. 

"Punctual as lovers to the moment sworn and punctual to the hour of 8 
o'clock, came the first train of cars from Dubuque. A crowd was at the depot, 
and the welcome was deep and cordial. 

"The road was commenced in July, 1857. In October following, came the 
revulsion throughout the country; but the work continued through the winter, 
and subsequently struggled on, now and then, amid the trying stringency of the 
money market until last autumn, when by a money arrangement with C. W. Theo. 
Krausch, the late chief engineer of the New York Erie Railroad, the entire su- 



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212 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

perintendency was transferred to him, and most nobly has he performed his 
task, proving his high competency as a railroad builder and manager. 

"Prominent among the men to whom we are indebted for this great and glori- 
ous work, we are bound to accord all honor to L. H. Langworthy, F. S. Winslow, 
W. A. Wiltse. E. Stimson, H. Gelpocke, and C. W. Theo. Krausch of Dubuque, 
with W. T. Shaw of Anamosa. Others, too, have aided us most effectively in 
the trying hours of the past two years. To Mr. Shaw we at this end of the line 
are largely indebted. His cool and ready clear-sightedness, as a liberal stock- 
holder and director from the beginning, has contributed, in a great measure, to 
the success of the project." 

At the time of the breaking out of the war, the road was being pushed west- 
ward toward Marion, and W. T. Shaw was superintending the construction. 
On the day Mr. Shaw received his commission as colonel of an Iowa regiment, 
he dismissed the men he had employed, and abruptly as Putnam left the plow, 
proceeded to the field in the service of his country. The building of the road 
was at a standstill for several years, and was not completed to Marion until about 
1865. The present terminus of the road is Cedar Rapids, though connections 
are made with other lines. 

Ten thousand dollars in bonds of the city of Anamosa were voted to aid the 
Dubuque Western road in building, but only a fraction of these were ever issued. 
Farmers and citizens along the line aided liberally by subscription. 

The road has several times changed hands and names, passing into possession 
of bondholders, and in 1878, to the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad 
Company. It has been known by the names of Dubuque Western; Du- 
buque, Marion & Western; the Dubuque & South Western, and finally, as a 
part of the Western Union division of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul. 

It should have been stated, in connection w^ith the early history of this road, 
that on May 9, 1857, the question of taking one hundred thousand dollars stock, 
by issuing county bonds to that amount, was submitted to the people, and lost by 
a vote of five hundred and sixty-seven to eight hundred and twenty-eight. A 
similar proposition was defeated in August of the same year, by a vote of seven 
hundred and sixteen to three hundred and sixty-eight. 

A speaker in a public gathering in later years in giving reminiscences of the 
days of the Dubuque & Southwestern Railroad, stated that by common consent 
the initials of the road (D. S. W. R. R.) stood for the phrase *'Damn Slow Way 
Riding Round." Other equally ludicrous and vulgar phrases were heaped upon 
the young and struggling railroad. 

Quite a number of railroads projected in Jones county existed only on paper, 
and, except as companies or paper corporations, had no existence at all. Among 
the first of these, one was formed to build a road from Cascade to Anamosa, to 
connect at the fo'-mer place with the great Northwestern Railroad projected 
through tiiat point. A meeting was held December 9, 1856, at which articles of 
incorporation were adopted and the following persons elected a board of 
directors: S. W, McMaster, John Lorain, L. C. McKinney, A. S. Chew, S. S. 
^^errill. G. W. Trumbull, T. J. Chew, James Hill, William P. Wightman, W. S. 
Hall, X. G. Sales, Joseph Mann, C. L. D. Crockwell. The road was never begun, 
and the corporation soon collapsed. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 213 

With greater pretensions was organized, March 19, 1857, the Wapsipinicon 
& St. Peters Valley Railroad Company, whose purpose was to build a continuous 
line of road, to commence at Anamosa and run thence northwest through Quas- 
queton, Independence and Fairbanks, and thence northwesterly to the north line 
of the state. The capital stock was fixed at five million dollars. 

This was intended as a feeder to the air line route, and was looked upon as 
a very probable enterprise in the palmy days of the air line bubble. The people 
were given an opportunity, in May, 1857, to decide whether the county in its 
corporate capacity, should take one hundred thousand dollars stock in the Wapsi- 
pinicon & St. Peters Valley Railroad. The voters very decidedly said nay, the 
scheme being defeated by a vote of one thousand and sixty-seven to three hun- 
dred and seventy-five. 

The first officers of the company were : D. S. Davis, president ; Wm. H. Gibbs, 
vice president; E. C. Bidwell, secretary; H. P. Henshaw, treasurer; D. S. Lee, 
attorney ; directors — F. C. Patterson, Ruf us Connable, P. A. Brooks, L. W. Hart, 
S. V. Thompson, N. G. Sales, G. H. Ford, J. S. Dimmitt. 

January 12, 1859, were adopted articles of association of what was called 
the "Anamosa Branch of the Tipton Railway," for the purpose of building a 
branch to Tipton. The five directors chosen were : Wm. T. Shaw, David Graham, 
and H. C. Metcalf of Anamosa, O. Cronkhite and D. A. Carpenter of Rome. 

The partly graded road-bed, between Lyons and Maquoketa, of the exploded 
air line road, found its way into the Mississippi, Maquoketa & Western Company. 
In March, 1870, the Midland Company was organized at Des Moines, to build 
a road from Clinton to Maquoketa, with the probability that it would go farther 
west. The Mississippi, Maquoketa & Western sold the road-bed and franchise 
to the Midland for eighteen thousand dollars. The cars were running into Ma- 
quoketa in December, 1870. A fortunate rivalry springing up between the Chi- 
cago & Northwestern, the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy and the Chicago, Mil- 
waukee & St. Paul, enlisted the cordial support of the first named road to the 
Midland. William T. Shaw was president until March, 1871, at which time the 
road passed under complete control of the Chicago & Northwestern Company, 
though a separate organization was still maintained. The road was immediately 
pushed on from Maquoketa to Anamosa, being completed to the latter place in 
October, 1871. The citizens of the latter place subscribed about thirty-five thou- 
sand dollars in stock, though little was paid, and Fairview township voted to 
its aid a three per cent, tax, amounting to nearly fifteen thousand dollars. 

The Sabula, Ackley & Dakota Railroad was projected especially by the citi- 
zens of Ackley and Sabula, and was designed as a western branch to connect 
with the Western Union road at Savanna, Illinois. The building of the road 
commenced in 1870. The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul, jealous of the progress 
of the Midland road, lent its aid to the building of the Sabula, Ackley & Dakota 
enterprise. A bitter rivalry sprang up between the two enterprises, and each did 
what they could to hinder the progress of the other. The Northwestern came 
out first in the race, at least so far as the building of the road is concerned. When 
the cars were running into Anamosa over the Midland, the western terminus of 
the Sabula road was at Preston, only about twenty miles from its starting point. 
In the summer of 1872, the road was completed to Rome, in Jones county. The 



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214 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

western terminus of the road, which now belongs to the Western Union division 
of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Company, was Cedar Rapids. The road 
traverses the southern tier of townships of Jones county, passing through a fer- 
tile agricultural country. 

The Davenport & St. Paul Railroad, was a Davenport enterprise, whose chief 
spirit was its president, Hon. Hiram Price. This road passes through Wyom- 
ing and terminates at Monticello. Cascade made a determined effort to secure 
the road from Wyoming to that point, but in vain. The cars over this line were 
running into Wyoming, December 22, 187 1. The road was later purchased by 
the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Company, and the line extended north giving 
direct connections with St. Paul. The corporation, therefore, owns and 
operates three lines of road traversing Jones county, viz., the Sabula, Ackley & 
Dakota, now called the C. & C. B. Division with 25.54 miles of road. The Daven- 
port & Northwestern, with 27.67 miles of road, and the Dubuque & Southwest- 
em with 19,78 miles of road, in all a total of 72.99 miles of road in Jones 
county. 

In April, 1868, a company was organized under the name of the Anamosa & 
Northwestern Railroad Company, whose object was to build a road from Ana- 
mosa northwest, along the Wapsipinicon Valley, to the northern boundary of 
the state. The incorporators were James Jamison, James Ironside, R. N. Soper, 
F. Braun, William T. Shaw, J. S. Stacy, D. S. Lee,. C. R. Scott, Charles E. Kent, 
J. H. Fairchild, E. C. Downs, A. Hunsicker, C. W. Hastings, H. J. White, M. 
McGlatherty. 

The interest which might have been enlisted in this enterprise was directed 
into other channels by new and unexpected developments in railroad building, 
about this time. The project, therefore, was unsuccessful. 

Following this effort at railroad building, there was a season of comparative 
quiet which continued for a period of about thirty-five years. 

On December 21, 1903, the Chicago, Anamosa & Northern Railroad was or- 
ganized, with a capital of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, supplied 
largely by Dubuque capitalists and assisted with Anamosa capital. The road 
was constructed within a short time from Anamosa to Coggon a distance of 
twenty miles. It is proposed to continue the road to Waterloo during 1910. The 
new company has leased the tracks of the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad 
Company for a mile and a half out of Anamosa, and also the terminal and tracks 
in Anamosa. At the present time, the C. A. & N. company own no equipment, 
but by contract, the company has the use of an engine, a combination coach, a 
flat car and a box car, property of the Glasser Equipment Company of Dubuque. 

This road has been found to be a great convenience to the people, as well as 
a safe investment for the company. During the year ending June 30, 1909, the 
total revenue from the road was eighteen thousand, four hundred and fifty-two 
dollars and thirty-two cents, and the total operating expenses for the same 
period, even a thousand, eight hundred and seventy-one dollars and fourteen 
cents, leaving a balance of six thousand, five hundred and eighty-one dollars and 
eighteen cents on the right side of the ledger. 

The present officers of the company are: president, Henry. Kiene, Dubuque; 
vice president, D. C. Glasser, Dubuque ; secretary, T. W. Ruete, Dubuque ; trea- 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 215 

surer, C. H. Eigheney, Dubuque ; assistant treasurer, Paul Kiene, Anamosa ; au- 
ditor, Clifford L. Niles, Anamosa ; general manager, J. L. Kdsey, Anamosa. 

MILEAGE AND ASSESSED VALUATION OF RAILROADS IN JONES COUNTY. 
CHICAGO, MILWAUKEE & ST. PAUL RAILWAY. 

The number of miles of railroad of each company whose lines pass through 
Jones county, and their valuation and assessed valuation as fixed by the board 
of supervisors of Jones county for 1909, is herewith given: 

C. & C. B. Division, 25.54 miles. Assessed Valuation $11,035 P^^ Mile. 

Miles. Valuation. 

Oxford township 5.93 $65437.55 

Oxford Junction 55 6,069.25 

Hale township 641 70,734-35 

Rome township 545 60,140.75 

Olin 1.08 11,917.80 

Greenfield township 542 59,809.70 

Martelle 70 7,724.50 

Dub. & S. W. 19.78 Miles. Assessed Valuation $4,000 per Mile. 

Miles. Valuation. 

Fairview township 4.27 $17,080.00 

Anamosa 1.74 6,960.00 

Cass township 3.75 15,000.00 

Wayne township 3.70 14,800.00 

Lovell township 5.05 20,200.00 

Monticello f 1.27 5,080.00 

Dav. & N. W. 27.67 Miles. Assessed Valuation $4,000 per Mile. 

Miles. Valuation. 

Oxford township 6.99 $27,960.00 

Oxford Junction 64 2,560.00 

Wyoming township 2.46 9,840.00 

Wyoming City 58 2,320.00 

Madison township 4.94 19,360.00 

Center Junction 75 2,920.00 

Scotch. Grove township 5.55 22,200.00 

Wayne township 1.59 6,360.00 

Lovell township 3.28 ^ 13,120.00 

Monticdlo i.oi 4,040.00 

C. &. N. W. 22.98 Miles Assessed Valuation $4,100 per Mile. 

Miles. Valuation. 

Onslow 37 $ 1,517.00 

Wyoming township 6.29 25,789.00 



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216 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Madison township 5.37 22,oijjoo 

Center Junction 73 3,075.00 

Wayne township 3.22 13,202.00 

Jackson township 3.40 13,940.00 

Fairview township 2.67 10,947.00 

Anamosa 93 3,813.00 

C. A. & N. 4.77 Miles Assessed Valuation $3,000 per Mile. 

Miles. Valuation. 

Anamosa 03 $ 90.00 

Cass township 4.74 14,220.00 



THE JONES COUNTY CALF CASE. 

The prodigal calf has had a great deal to do with making Jones county fa- 
mous. From the stormy shores of the Atlantic to the tranquil beach of the Pa- 
cific, and from the cold borders on the north to the bahny clime on the south, 
the Jones county calf case, has been heard of, and discussed. 

Robert Johnson, the present mayor of Anamosa, was the principal party in 
this prolonged and expensive litigation which began in 1874 and continued for 
over twenty years. A history of this famous case is worthy of a place in the 
pages of this volume, and the same is herewith given. 

Four calves the market value of which was twenty-five dollars, were the 
cause of the greatest lawsuit in the history of American jurisprudence. The 
litigation started by their sale extended over a period of twenty years, was tried 
in seven different counties before one hundred and fourteen jurors, was four 
times appealed to the supreme court of the state, entailing fees amounting to 
seventy-five thousand dollars for an army of lawyers, and concluded with a final 
judgment for one thousand dollars and court costs, amounting to two thousand, 
eight hundred and eighty-six dollars, and eighty-four cents. 

This litigation — ^a monument to the cost at which legal redress may be se- 
cured by a persistent litigant — is known as the "Jones County Calf Case,"* from 
Jones county, Iowa. 

Robert Johnson, of Anamosa, to vindicate himself of a criminal charge pre- 
ferred against him by a **Horse Thief association" of pioneer days, fought 
through this long period against seven opponents. Since the conclusion of the 
case five of the defendants have died without property and two are yet alive, but' 
have never gained a foothold since the famous lawsuit consumed their wealth. 
Johnson has prospered, but by strange destiny of fate in his every enterprise he 
must cross swords with the opponents in his long legal duel. When he became 
a candidate for mayor of his city last spring, fifteen years after the settlement of 
the suit, his opponent was B. H. Miller, a relative of one of the defendants in 
the twenty years' litigation. Johnson's record in the "Calf Case" for being a 
persistent fighter together with a platform for strict law enforcement and a moral 
city, won him the election. He is mayor today. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 217 

WKEELER EARLY IN THE CASE. 

C. E. Wheeler, of Cedar Rapids, as a young law graduate of Notre Dame, 
received his first retainer from Robert Johnson. He made his maiden speech in 
the **Calf Case" and remained in the litigation from beginning to end. He won 
his victory after opposing before the juries such brilliant orators as Ex-Governor 
Horace Boies, of Waterloo. When final judgment was rendered he was a gray- 
haired old man and a lawyer of experience. 

In the early days of Iowa, Robert Johnson was a stock buyer in Jones county. 
In June, 1874, he sold to S. D. Potter in Greene county fifty head of calves. A 
short time later John Foreman, one of his neighbors asserted that four of the 
calves belonged to him, and in a Green county justice court, by replevin pro- 
ceedings, recovered their possession. To reimburse Mr. Potter for the value of 
the calves Mr. Johnson gave him his note. He explained that he had bought the 
animals from a stranger who gave the name of Smith. In a country store at 
Olin, the proprietor and several loungers heard the bargain made between John- 
son and the stranger. Shortly after this proceeding an indictment was returned 
in Jones county against Johnson, charging him with having stolen the four calves. 
Johnson and a brother then went to Greene county and had Potter point out the 
four claimed by Foreman. They proved to be high-grade calves, whereas John- 
son had bought scrubs of Smith. Then Johnson discovered for the first time 
that he had not handled the Foreman calves at all and began to believe he was 
the scapegoat for another's crime. He refused to pay the note he had given 
Potter, on the ground there was no consideration. Suit was commenced against 
him in justice court, and after a long and expensive litigation Johnson was de- 
feated and had to pay the note, on the ground it was in the hands of an innocent 
purchaser. 

When he was indicted Mr. Johnson filed a motion to quash because of a de- 
fect. The prosecution of Johnson was prompted by an organization of those 
early days known as the "Horse Thief association," perfected as a protection 
against the prevailing wholesale stealing of stock. A few days before the court 
gave consideration to this motion Johnson found on his horse block near his 
home a note, accompanying a piece of rope tied in a hangman's knot. It read: 

"In view of the present indictment we understand that you calculate to have 
the indictment set aside. We advise you to appear and be tried under the in- 
dictment with the defect, if any exists or take the lamented Greeley's advice and 
go west, or take this — " 

WE, THE COMMITTEE. 

Johnson was a fearless man. He pursued his motion. The indictment was 
quashed. Another was returned. A change of venue was taken to Cedar county. 
He was tried and the jury disagreed by a vote of eleven for acquittal and one 
for conviction. Then one night his house and barn were mysteriously burned 
to the ground. He was tried a second time and acquitted. 

MALTCIOUS PROSECUTION SUIT OPENS. 

Johnson determined to have revenge and vindication. He gathered informa- 
tion concerning the membership of the *'Horse Thief association," and on May 



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218 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

23, 1878, started suit in Jones county for malicious prosecution, demanding ten 
thousand dollars damages from E. V. Miller, David Fall, George W. MiUer, Abe 
Miller, John Foreman, S. D. Potter and Herman Keller. A change of venue 
was taken by the defendants to Linn county, and from there a change was taken 
to Benton county. The case was tried here first with a disagreement of the jury, 
It was tried a second time and Johnson recovered a verdict of three thousand dol- 
lars. The court set the verdict aside. A change of venue was then taken to 
Clinton county. At the conclusion of the trial there, Johnson secured a verdict 
for seven thousand dollars. The court set that verdict aside. A change of venue 
was then taken to Blackhawk county. There Johnson again won. This time 
the jury said he would have five thousand dollars. From this verdict the defend- 
ants appealed to the supreme court of Iowa and the case was reversed. On the 
next trial in Blackhawk county, Johnson was awarded, by the jury, a verdict for 
six thousand dollars. From this the defendants appealed to the supreme court 
and again the case was reversed by this highest tribunal. On the last trial in 
Blackhawk county Johnson recovered a verdict for one thousand dollars against 
six of the defendants, the court having instructed the jury to return a verdict 
for the defendant, Herman Keller, whose connection with the "Horse Thief as- 
sociation" was not proven. The six remaining defendants filed one motion to 
arrest judgement and another for verdict for the defendants on the ground 
the findings were in conflict with the general verdict. The judge having submit- 
ted certain specific questions for the jury to answer. Both motions were over- 
ruled and judgment rendered against the six defendants. Thereafter they ap- 
pealed and judgment of the lower court was affirmed, January 27, 1891. 

When it came to the payment of the trial costs the defendants against whom 
the verdict stood wished to pay but six-sevenths of them, contending the exon- 
erated defendant should pay his share of the defense. They once more went to 
the supreme court on this question and the higher tribunal directed the six to 
pay the total costs of the defense, this last ruling was made December 20, 1894, so 
the case consumed from the beginning twenty years. 

E. V. Miller, Abe Miller and H. D. Keller died about the close of the litiga- 
tion without property. John Foreman died about six years ago and David Fall, 
three years ago. George Miller is now living in Anamosa at the age of ninety 
years, with but little property. S. D. Potter is still living in Greene county, but 
has no property. 

Robert Johnson is now seventy-one years old, having been born in Delaware 
county, Ohio, in 1838. He was married in Jones county in 1861 to Miss Mary 
Saum and they raised a daughter and son to womanhood and manhood during 
the progress of the Jones County Calf Case. Concerning the suit, Mr. Johnson 
says: 

"I know I was right in this case. I do not regret the tiresome litigation. My 
honor and integrity were questioned. It pays to fight under such circumstances. 
I lost my farm of one hundred and sixty acres and all my property but 1 feel 
well repaid. My wife, my children and my friends know now I was innocent, 
and I can look any man in the face without a blush." 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 219 

THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IN JONES COUNTY. 

Catholicity in Iowa, as in the discovery of the country, was co-temporaneous 
with the footsteps of the first white man. The Jesuit missionaries, Marquette 
and Joliet, paddled their boat down the Wisconsin River, and entered the great 
"Mesipi," the mention of which they had heard from the Sioux Indians, in the 
summer of 1763. The view filled them "with a joy that I cannot express," says 
Marquette's record. These missionary explorers discovered the Mississippi on 
the 17th of June, in the year above mentioned. They were the first Europeans 
in this region. Rowing, or drifting down the current, they saw wild animals, 
wild birds and fishes in great variety, but no sight or vestige of human beings, 
until the 25th of June, when they perceived the footmarks of men at the water's 
edge, with a well-beaten path leading out to the expansive prairie. Following 
this pathway for six miles, the two "Black Gowns" came upon an Indian village, 
of some three hundred huts, whose inhabitants called themselves "Illini" (men.) 
That was the first time a white man had set foot on the soil of Iowa — "The Beau- 
tiful Land," — and there and then the first message of the Gospel of Christ was 
imparted to the native Redskin, in his own tongue and territory, west of the 
Father of Waters. The noted pathway, and the historic landing occurred, as 
nearly as can be ascertained, at what is now known as Sandusky creek, Lee 
county; and the inland village was situated on the borders of the Des Moines 
river some distance above Keokuk, in the southeastern corner of this state, 
After a stay of four or five days, Marquette continued his sail down the Missis- 
sippi as far as the mouth of the Illinois river. Changing his course, he ascended 
this river, and eventually made his way back to his headquarters at the mission 
of St. Ignace, Michilimackinac, Michigan. Two years later, May 19, 1675, 
he died at tb^ mouth of the river Marquette, so called to honor and perputuate a 
worthy name. 

In 1680 Father Louis Hennepin, starting northward from the Illinois River, 
undertook to explore the upper Mississippi. Passing along the eastern borders 
of Iowa, it is presumable he made some stops for investigation, and it is not un- 
likely he preached, and possibly offered up the Holy Sacrifice for the first time 
upon Iowa soil. 

With the death of Father Potier, in 1781, the Jesuit missions in the north- 
west were closed ; and for a period of thirty years there was no priest stationed 
west of Detroit. 

In the year 1700, one Le Seuer, a member of a party of French and Spanish 
explorers, entered the Gulf of Mexico from the Atlantic ocean, and headed 
the prow of their boat into the mouth of the Mississippi. They proceeded north 
as far as the present site of Dubuque City. They were driven away by the 
Indians, but not until Mr. LeSeuer got an idea of the mineral wealth buried 
in those beckoning bluffs. Mistaken as to the material, he reported the discovery 
of a "hill of copper." On the strength of that report, nearly a century later, 
JuHen Dubuque set out for the Eldorado of the west. But scant justice is done 
to the memory of this most resourceful man. He was the Livingstone of his day, 
ranking not unfavorably with Lewis and Qarke, and other blazers of civili- 
zation's trail. In fact, little or nothing was known of his origin or antecedents, 



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220 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

until the late M. M. Ham, editor of the Dubuque Herald, traced back his record. 
His birth and baptism are registered on the loth of January, 1762, at St, Pierre, 
district of Three Rivers, on the borders of the St. Lawrence. At the age of 
twenty-three, in his youthful roaming, he reached Prairie du Chien; and pro- 
ceeding down the river, in 1788, he set his eyes and his heart on the acquisition 
of those valuable mines. By marrying a squaw — the daughter of Peosta, chief 
of the Foxes — he gained a title to one hundred and forty-eight thousand, one 
hundred and seventy-one acres of ground, at the mouth of the Catfish creek, 
where, with ten Canadian labores, he commenced operations in the "Mines of 
Spain." The same mines had been previously worked to some extent by a Mr. 
Cardinal, and before him again, by one Longe, who was the first operator. 

At the opening of the nineteenth century, Europeans in goodly numbers be- 
gan steadily to advance upon the outposts of civilization. With the bravery of 
desperation, the Redmen fought, under their chief, Blackhawk, for their birth- 
right and their hunting grounds. Their patriotism was no less admirable than it 
was unavailing. As a result of the last Blackhawk war, terminating in 1832, a 
strip sixty miles broad, along the west bank of the Mississippi, was ceded to the 
United States. At first this was under no judicial control. In 1834 it became 
Michigan territory. In 1836 it was made Wisconsin territory. In 1838 it was 
changed to Iowa territory; and in 1846 it received the designation of the Great 
State of Iowa. The first settlement in the state was at Dubuque. The first two- 
story log house, north of St. Louis and west of Detroit, was built at the cor- 
ner of Bluff and First streets, in 1833, by Mr. Patrick Quigley, father of Dr. 
John P. Quigley, who at one time kept a drug store in Dubuque, then lived in 
the comforts of well earned retirement, and at last moved to spend the declining 
years of age with a son at Salt Lake City, Utah, where he died some years ago. 
Again, the star spangled banner was first unfurled on Iowa soil, by an Irish- 
man, Nicholas Carroll, living in the vicinity of Dubuque, just after midnight pre- 
ceding the morning of the 4th of July, 1834. 

For years before what is distinguished as the "Blackhawk Purchase," some 
venturesome immigrants, generally French or Canadian-French, had engaged in 
fur trading and other traffic with the Indians, along the Iowa streams entering 
the Mississippi. Their religion, as far as they had any religion, was Catholic 
But Catholicity is more than a mere name. The mustard seed sown in baptism 
without constant cultivation, is likely to become choked out by the thorns, and 
briars, and rank weeds of wickedness, that grow up for ever from the subsoil of 
old Adam's fallen nature. It is as easy as it is imperative, for old-world Christians, 
in the ranks of their coreligionists, to keep step with the moving procession. 
There are temples "with groined arch, and vaulted aisle," under lofty spires reared 
by fraternity's free labor, in the Middle Ages. Here it was far different. No 
mellifluous sound of bell summoned the first settlers on the Sabbath morning, 
no swelling peal of organ or trained choir charmed the worshippers, no godly 
man to shrive the old or instruct the young, no books or papers or family devo- 
tions to keep by-gone memories green in their souls, no friends no advisers no 
good example — it is small wonder that the inhabitants of the log cabin gradually 
grew to know little, and care less, about religion in any of its forms. If the 
sources of information are reliable, the pioneer populace of the lead mines 



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\EUV REV. LAUREXCE ROCHE 
Former Pastor of Tomplc Hill Church, now of Cascade 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 223 

lapsed in course of time to entertain hardly any fear of God, and hardly any re- 
gard for man. Of the one thousand persons resident in the mines in 1835, it is 
believed not more than two hundred could be called Catholics. 

It is a platitude to say that the history of the world is the biography of its 
great men. It is trite that the history of the church is the history of the papacy; 
and it is no less tnie that parish history is the history of the successive pastors 
in charge. The life story of the pioneer pastors, or missionaries, was little known 
of men, much less reduced to a written record. Their life was an ordeal hidden 
in God, written only in the Book of Life. The recording angels were their sole 
biographers. 

In the late '30s of the past century, occasional visits were made to the scat- 
tered Catholics at either side of the Mississippi, by priests who had no home, but 
whose headquarters were now at Detroit, now at Galena and now at St. Louis. 
There was no pastor resident in Iowa before the first bishop. In 1837 Dr. Loras, 
of Mobile, Alabama, was appointed bishop of Dubuque, where he arrived to tiEike 
up his residence in the spring of 1839, after having spent the previous year in 
his native country, France, in quest of volunteer missionaries to help him minister 
to the wants of his new charge. 

Immigration, in large measure Irish and German, was then pouring rap-, 
idly into the territory. In 1843 R^v. J. G. Perrodin, a Frenchman, came to 
contribute his quota of "doing good" in this section. Father Jeremiah Treacy 
was received into the diocese, about the same time. Returning from a visita- 
tion to Rome in 1850, the bishop brought with him among others, Michael 
Lynch, who was soon afterward ordained, at Mount Saint Bernard, Key West, 
four miles outside Dubuque. He, too, joined the ranks in the vineyard. Those 
names are mentioned above others, because they are fundamentally connected 
with the history of Catholicity in Jones county. 

In 1843 whilst assisting at the fifth provincial council of Baltimore, Bishop 
Loras effected arrangements with the Sisters of Charity, Blessed Virgin Mary, 
then stationed at Philadelphia, to move to Iowa. They located their mother 
house ten miles west of Dubuque, on the Cascade road, where also they estab- 
lished a boarding academy. 

In 1849 ^ branch of the Cistercian order of monks, commonly called Trap- 
pists, laid the foundation of their monastery at New Melleray, where the dio- 
cesan bishop donated them a large tract of land. This, too, was situated west of 
the city, near what is known as the United States Military road, running from 
Dubuque to Iowa City, then the state capital. 

Four miles west of the city the bishop erected and opened an ecclesiastical 
college or seminary, called Mount Saint Bernard's, which its founder expected 
might possibly grow with the growth of years, until it equaled the old seats of 
learning to which the thousands, thirsty for knowledge, came to sit in their shadow 
and partake of the intellectual pabulum that fell from their chairs. 

Near this college, the brothers of Christian Instruction, a teaching com- 
munity from Puy, France, laid the nucleus of a novitiate of their order, under 
the name of New Paradise Grove, whose graduates were supposed to supply in 
future years all the needs of pedagogy, in the state and beyond it. 



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224 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

The star of Bethlehem, like the "star of empire," westward wends its way. 
Ail the above hopeful ecclesiastical foundations were set to the west of Dubuque. 
It is easy to perceive how such promising, if not yet prosperous institutions at- 
tracted a large number of the class of Catholics who wished above all to live in 
a religious atmosphere and secure their families safe in the faith of their fore- 
fathers. The vicinity of the monastery consisted largely of immigrants drawn 
thither by the name and fame of the brothers. They were the "guides, philoso- 
phers, and friends" of the entire neighborhood. They well deserved it. "There 
were giants in the earth in those days." Brother Murphy was acknowledged uni- 
versally as among the ablest business men of his day. Father Bernard concealed 
under his coarse "cowl" more mental and mystic wisdom than many a head that 
wears a mitre. 

Garryovven was probably the first rural mission to which a resident priest 
was assigned. Its limits extended into the surrounding counties, Jackson, Du- 
buque and Jones. Jones is next on the west. Cascade is partly in Dubuque, and 
partly in Jones county. Its two Catholic churches stand on the county line. 

Honor to whom honor is due. To Washington township belongs the credit 
of being the cradle of Catholicity in Jones county. Catholics began to settle 
there as early as 1839, ^^^ ^Y John Glenn, Daniel Curley, and James McDermott, 
uncle of Supervisor T. J. Finn. Their nearest church was ten miles distant (Gar- 
ryowen), to which they regularly drove by ox-teams. Father Perrodin was resi- 
dent, or rather itinerary pastor. He was a learned man and published a treatise 
on Christian doctrine, prefaced by a brief sketch of the author's life, which is still 
preserved as precious heirloom in almost every home of his ministrations. He 
left in 1851, and died in Dubuque, where he lies buried, in the old cemetery, on 
Third street hill. He was succeeded by Rev. J. Treacy, whose circuit included 
all the northern tier of townships, as far at least as Castle Grove, where we 
shall hear of him later in this connection. Father Treacy was in many respects 
much above the ordinary. Like the fabled warrior of old, who was invincible as 
long as he kept his feet upon the ground, this good man foresaw the absolute 
necessity of his countrymen settling down on the land — their own land — if ever 
they should expect to rise above the rank of "hewers of wood, and drawers of 
water." Another Moses, he appeared in New York to lead a colony of his 
chosen people from the city slavery to the possession of the western promised 
land, which the "I-ord hath given to the sons of men." Archbishop Hughes, then 
in his heyday, drove the "crazy crusader" out of the city. The prelate lived long 
enough to acknowledge that the poor western priest's judgment was superior 
to his own. In 1856 Father Treacy organized an Irish colony in Dubuque, which 
he accompanied through Independence, Fort Dodge and Sioux City, to a point 
twelve miles farther west, where they formed a settlement which was first 
named St. Johns, but is now known as Jackson, Nebraska. He afterward went 
into the Civil war, as chaplain, under General Rosecrans, administering to both 
armies. In 1879 he was stricken with paralysis, and ten years later died in the 
Alexian Brothers' Hospital, St. Louis, not having spoken an intelligible word for 
five years. 

Rev. P. Maginnis came from Garryowen, and was the first resident pastor 
in Washington township, or in Jones county. He erected the first church, a 



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ST. MARTIN'S CHURCH, CASCADE, IOWA 




ST. MARTIN'S PAROCHIAL SCHOOL, CASCADE 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 227 

frame structure attached to the district school, both virtually forming one build- 
ing. He also gave the place the name of Temple Hill, from the fact that the 
church or temple was erected on an elevation overlooking the surrounding coun- 
try. Thomas Finn, father of Patrick Finn, and uncle of Supervisor T. J. Finn, 
donated five acres, out of the forty which he then possessed, for a church site. 
It was dedicated to St. Peter. Cascade, although having had a church since 1845, 
was at this time an out mission attended from Temple Hill. Father Maginnis, 
after leaving this place, drifted to different parts of the country and even to Aus- 
tralia, where he remained for several years. Finally returning, as he used to say, 
to the "old hunting grounds" like the chased hare described by Goldsmith, that 
came to die at the starting point — he ended his varied career at Clinton, having 
spent the closing years of his usefulness as assistant priest in Deep Creek, now 
Petersville, the same county. 

Rev. Alexander Hamilton was next, of whom nothing can be learned more 
than the name. 

Rev. John O'Connor succeeded in i860. During his pastorate the old church, 
and all the records were destroyed by fire. Hence the loss of preexisting data. 
Rev. J. V. Ctmningham became pastor in 1862. At the close of the war, the 
congregation, then numbering one htmdred and thirty-nine families, took steps 
to replace the burned building. They completed a new stone structure in 1866. 
Rev. M. Lynch, residing in Cascade, with Father Mcintosh as copastor, held 
charge of both churches from 1867 to 1872. The former died in Holy Cross, 
Dubuque county, the latter died suddenly on the road, near Temple Hill. 

Rev. Laurence Roche arrived in the fall of 1872, immediately after his or- 
dination. Overflowing with animation, ability and the fervent zeal of youth, he 
built the present parochial residence, also a church in Onslow, ten miles away, 
which he attended regularly, during his four years' stay. He still lives in Cas- 
cade. That nearly two score years of strenuousness has not yet diminished his 
vigor or dimmed his successful zeal is demonstrable by the beautiful church and 
all the parochial accompaniments which stand to his everlasting credit, in the little 
town of his present habitat. His name should go shining down the diocesan 
records. 

Rev. Daly was pastor from 1876 to 1880; Rev. Edmund Farrell, from 1880 to 
1890; Rev. William Convery, from 1890 to 1902. He enlarged the church, 
added a very respectable school, which is in charge of the Franciscan sisters, from 
Dubuque. It was opened in 1889. 

The present encumbent, Rev. P. J. Coffey has held the position since 1902. 
His single minded life is devoted unreservedly to the duties of his office. Hav- 
ing meritedly gained the confidence, combined with the generosity of his people, 
he has made wonderful improvements in the church and surroundings. Addi- 
tional schoolroom has been well provided, over an extensive basement, which 
is furnished with culinary requisites, and a hall for church entertainments. 

Altogether the mother church of Jones county is one to which both its pastor 
and people can point with just pride. Standing on a forty-acre plot, its mag- 
nificent spire points to heaven from the summit of a gently sloping hill. The 
grounds are ornamented with shade trees, cement walks, and terraces. The par- 
ishioners, among whom but few non-Catholics, are all prosperous and happy. 



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228 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Contented in their present circumstances, they live in peace, friendship and unity, 
faithful alike to their fathers' church and their fathers' God. And as they live 
harmoniously here, they are satisfied in the hope that they will "sleep hereafter 
the sleep of the just" in union, or reunion, in the pretty little cemetery behind 
their house of prayer. 

The following came to the locality previous to 1850, besides those already 
named: Thos. Moran, Patrick Donahoe, Michael Flanagan, John Finn, Thos. 
McNally, Michael Geraghty, Thomas Devanny, John Lang, Thomas Morrisson, 
Thomas Leonard, Malachi and Michael Kelly, Michael (Squire) Kinney with five 
brothers — Dennis, Patrick, Martin, William, and Thomas. There may possibly 
be others whose names are not remembered. 

CATHOLICITY IN ANAMOSA. 

Passing the geographical and topographical aspects of the county seat, also 
political and civic considerations which form no part of our immediate concern, 
leaving aside, too, the general religious history of the locality in whch we con- 
stitute but a rather small fragmentary portion, our contribution to the present work* 
will have to do with the Catholic church only. 

Comparatively short as it may seem since the first nucleus of an organization 
of this denomination in Anamosa, yet all official record of it is lost, if it ever was 
reduced to writing; and, indeed, all remembrance of it is nearly effaced from the 
tablets of memory. The world — physical, intellectual, social, and ecclesiastical — 
moves very rapidly, history is made day after day, the common-place events of 
yesterday are the history of today. Is it just because events are common-place 
that people do not think worth while to remember, much less to make a note of 
them ? It is impossible at this date to tell when the first Catholic settled in Ana- 
mosa, or who he was ; it is not known when the first Catholic missionary visited 
those parts, or who he was ; and it is a matter of very unreliable conjecture when 
the first Catholic congregation was organized in this conununity. It may be the 
records were lost or destroyed ; it is much more likely they never were made out 
in a form that could be preserved. 

As remarked above, it is beyond doubt that the first Catholic settlers in the 
county came into Washington township at the northeast corner, in the late '30s of 
the last century. In those days, when railroads were a thing of the future, all 
travel was by ox-teams, horseback, stage-coach, or the oldest of all methods of 
locomotion, on foot. The current of communication ran from Dubuque to the 
state capital, along the famous highway known as the Military road — established 
by the national government in 1839 — through Cascade, to Anamosa, where horses 
were exchanged at the Waverly Hotel, in the down-town district, now dubbed as 
Dublin, to Fairview, then a promising village, Marion, and Iowa City, the capital. 
A four-horse coach ran daily over this route, commencing in 1844. Cedar Rapids 
and Monticello were yet of minor note on the map. 

The middle '50s mark a turning point in the life of Anamosa. Two great 
railroads, the Iowa Central Air Line, east and west, and what was called the Ram's 
Horn, north and south, from Dubuque to Keokuk, both incorporated in 1852 and 
both surveyed to pass through Anamosa, made this city a center of anticipated 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 231 

growth and prosperity. Both of these roads could have been built, and the city's 
anticipations abundantly realized, if men were only honest; but unfortunately 
the "noblest work of God" — ^an honest man — ^was as scarce then as he is now. The 
first named railroad "suicided through reckless management and open rascality," 
the latter road proved a failure except for the small part of it called the Dubuque 
Western. This fraction, for which Anamosa is principally indebted to the late 
Colonel W. T. Shaw, gave the first impetus to send here that class of people who 
are not afraid of hard work, who build the railroads, make the prairie blossom and 
propagate the hmnan race. Some of them came and went to follow the old avoca- 
tion of railroading elsewhere ; some of them staid to make homes in this city or 
surrounding country. Our best inquiry cannot make certain the name of the pre- 
cursor. Like the leaders of many other movements, his name is lost in the morn- 
ing haze of time immemorial. This is as far as our information goes r 

P. McCaflFrey and a man named Kelly lived here in 1855, when John Henley, 
(father of Mrs. McGreevy), Phillip Flannery, (father of Mrs. Spellmann) and 
Jas. O'Donnell, (uncle of Mrs. B. McLaughlin, Sr.), reached this place en route 
from Cascade. In the following year P. Wallace, and James Dorsey came upon 
the scene. The latter journeyed afoot all the way from Farley, carrying his 
worldly effects in the proverbial grip-sack. The winter of 1856-57 was counted 
the coldest experience "within the memory of the oldest inhabitant." Cattle were 
seen standing in the yards frozen fast in death. James Spellman formed one of a 
searching party who found a family named Wade in the snow frozen on the prai- 
rie near Langworthy. The newcomers vowed that if they survived the season's 
severity, they should never more set foot on Iowa soil. But the breath of spring 
which melted away the snow, just as eflfectually melted away the migratory mood 
from the minds of the home-hunters. The building of the railroad from Farley 
was commenced in 1857. A large influx of immigrants, anticipating the results, 
rushed to Anamosa, among them a goodly number of Catholics, merchants; 
mechanics, laborers, and farmers, (E. C. Holt, Maurice Cavanagh, John Hayes). 
In 1858 and 1859, ^ts the road was nearing Anamosa, whilst a few families re- 
mained in Langworthy, Jno. Fleming, M. Mulconery, and M. Doyle, the greater 
number came and settled in the city — P. Morrissey, Tom English, B. McLaughlin, 
F. O'Rourke, M. Casey, H. White, John Murphy, Foley Brothers, Chesire Broth- 
ers, Gavin Brothers. Most of those are long since resting in their last sleep, some 
are pitifully consigned to the grave of oblivion, and, sad to relate, not a few of 
them were lost to the roll of religion for which they and their forebears were ready 
to shed their blood. Besides the settlers in the city, a far greater number of 
steadfast adherents to the old faith cast their lot in the outlying country — Stone 
City quarries, Fairview, Langworthy, Prairieburg, and the Buffalo Creek prairie. 
For want of better opportunities, they drove ten or twelve, and some as far as 
fourteen miles to church. Their naines are worthy of being written in letters of 
gold ; but they are too numerous to be recounted in the space at our disposal. For 
years the facilities of church attendance were like angels' visits, "few and far 
between." When an itinerant missionary happened to pass along, or write before- 
hand announcing his intended visit, a courier carried the word from house to 
house, and the little crowd assembled in some shanty or log cabin, where their 



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232 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

prayers ascended to heaven's throne, with as much heartfelt devotion as in St. 
Peter's at Rome. 

The first house in which mass was celebrated in this city is said to have been 
a small frame, behind E. M. Harvey's residence. It was owned at the time by 
Colonel Shaw, who himself lived in a much smaller place situated across the road 
from the fair grounds, a short distance west of the slaughter house. Preparing 
as he was for the erection of the brick dwelling near his father-in-law, Mr. Crane, 
on Strawberry Hill, where he long lived in later years, he put up the studding, 
with roof, of a low barn-like structure, in the fall of 1858. When work was 
stopped by the cold winter weather, he tacked around the outside some pieces of 
carpet, sheets and paper, and there he made his habitat for a whole year. The 
first itinerant priest made his presence known in town, and sought some place to 
hold services. The colonel readily proffered the use of his new building, such as 
it was, and further offered him the hospitality of his own home whilst the priest 
staid here. Early on the following morning, when a few of the Catholic men 
hastened to the unfinished house, to light a fire, sweep up and fix a table in lieu 
of the altar, they found that the good colonel had anticipated their intentions, and 
with his own hands prepared everything in perfect shape for the occasion. 

After this, a log house, the residence of James O'Donnell, at the bend of the 
road, close by the northeast corner of the Driving Park, served the purposes of 
a Catholic chapel, for some time. Increasing numbers impelled them to provide 
larger, if not more suitable quarters. They next secured the use of the county 
courthouse, then located on a knoll at the extreme west end of town, in a frame 
adjoining a two-story brick (this latter used for other county offices) still to be 
seen at the lower end of Main street. This courthouse was moved away, and 
turned to other uses ; and for some length of time court was held in the Odd Fel- 
low's hall, east of the Gillen House (hotel). Whether it was the congruity of 
propounding and expounding and pounding the divine and civil law from the same 
tribunal, or that in the case at issue "necessity has no law"* anyway both the Epis- 
copalians and the Catholics again resorted to the courthouse to perform their devo- 
tional exercises and hear the law of the gospel. Later on, in a room which was 
then the "City Hall," over Gordon's Store, in the same block, the same two so- 
cieties, Episcopal and Catholic, held their Sabbath services successively. 

The first mention we find, or perhaps more true to say, the first steps taken, 
toward the erection of a Catholic church in Anamosa, is when Colonel Shaw, 
with characteristic enterprise and generosity, donated two lots for a building 
site, on the corner of First and Garnavillo streets, where the Episcopal and 
Methodist Churches were afterward located. This property was transferred to 
the diocese, through Father Slattery, who was then stationed at Cascade, but 
visited Anamosa, during the building of the railroad, at certain regular intervals. 
For reasons, whether wise or religious will never be determined, these beautiful 
lots were sold, and the receipts expended for the purchase of some ground 
away back on the hill, at the other side of town where a brick church was built, 
in a spot as inconvenient as it was unsightly. In justice perhaps it ought to be 
mentioned, that the then diocesan. Bishop Smyth, when he heard of this oc- 
currence, voluntarily offered to refund the total amount realized from the trans- 
action, two hundred and fifty dollars. The colonel scouted the proposition. 



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INTERIOR OF CATHOLIC CHURCH, AXAMOSA 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 235 

The first church, at the northwest corner of town, was a simple structure, 
fifty by thirty feet, without spire or ornament indicative of its use. It was built 
aknost entirely by the free labor of a few devoted sons of St. Patrick. Ah ! but 
what they may have lacked in numbers, they more than made up for in strength 
of muscle and in strength of soul. Money was a scarce article in those days, 
but the faith that moves mountains and the muscle that moves dirt and the spirit 
that builds churches was not scarce as it is now. Five men dug the foundation. 
The senior "Barney" McLaughlin dug the first sod, and no one will deny that 
there was a man behind the spade. On the good work went, with willing hands 
and hearts — ^no shirking, and no such thing as growing tired — each toiler was 
anxious to do more than his brother. It would remind one of the Middle Ages, 
when "free labor" built the famous cathedrals of Europe. They quarried the rock 
and hauled it, they hauled the sand and brick and wood. Thomas Holt, with 
three sons and a nephew, all expert stonemasons and bricklayers, were not long 
putting up walls that most competent judges pronounced, fifty years afterward, 
the best piece of workmanship that they had ever examined. The only cash con- 
tributions are said to be one hundred dollars from Philip Flannery, who was then 
in the army, where he died and one hundred dollars by Maurice Mulconery, 
uncle of Maurice Fay, who was roadmaster on the Dubuque & Southwestern 
Railroad. This money was used to buy brick. It was completed in 1861, and at 
its opening was entirely free of debt. There is no written account attainable of 
the formalities attending its dedication — ^no recollection, not even a tradition of 
the date, or of any particulars of the function. A local print says : "It was dedi- 
cated by Bishop Smith, assisted by several of the clergy." 

As mentioned in a preceding notice on the church in Washington township, 
the principal thoroughfare of traffic in the early *6os ran from Dubuque west- 
ward. Accordingly, all ministerial attendance might be expected to come here, 
by way of stage, from Cascade, or Temple Hill. So it was. Fathers Slattery, 
Cunningham and O'Connor paid regular visits in the order of succession speci- 
fied ; also occasionally Fathers Pickenbrock, Rehnoldt, and in response to special 
calls Father Cogan, of Monticello, Bernard, of New Melleray Monastery, Treacy 
of Garryowen, Sheils, of Independence, and Paul Gillespie, C. S. C, of Holy 
Cross, now Key Stone. 

After the railroad, the building of which was temporarily suspended during 
the war, had reached Marion, in 1865, ^^^ some time later was extended as far 
as Cedar Rapids, the clergymen charged with the Catholic interests of Anamosa 
came by rail from the west end of the line. Rev. John Sheils attended to Catholic 
wants here for a rather long, though broken period, and at one time had a fixed 
residence at Anamosa, in a little house at the lower end of town. His first re- 
corded baptism was October 2, 1857, and his last, January 4, 1868. He lies 
buried, in a raised tomb, at the left-hand side of the walkway, between the street 
and the door of the Catholic church at Waverly, Iowa. During a gap in his pas- 
torate, Rev. P. V. McLaughlin, a young man raised in Dubuque, acted as pastor, 
or substitute, for a few months from January to May, 1867. He also made his 
residence here, in a small house, off Park avenue to the northwest of Doctor 
Skinner's. His next appointment, in May, 1867, was to St. Mary's church, Qin- 
ton, where "he labored acceptably and successfully in the interests of the church. 



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236 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

and was greatly beloved by his people," up to the time of his death, January i6^ 
1879. He is buried under the altar in his church. His successor, and the present 
pastor of St. Mary's, is his brother, Dean E. J. AIcLaughlin, whom many old set- 
tlers well remember as a small bright boy, running over the hills, whilst he staid 
here on a visit with his elder brother. 

In 1868 Rev. B. C. Cannon, stationary pastor at Cedar Rapids, paid monthly 
visits to Anamosa, besides attending calls of emergency. After various subse- 
quent vicissitudes, he closed his labors as chaplain at the Franciscian orphanage, 
Dubuque, some ten or twelve years ago. 

The next succeeding pastor at Cedar Rapids, Rev. Clement Lowery, also con- 
tinued to make periodical visitations to Anamosa, in 1869 and 1870, sometimes 
on Sunday, and sometimes on week days, as this was one of thirteen missions in 
his circuit. Then as now, in the southern tier of townships of this county, there 
were very few Catholics. Among the few was M. D. Corcoran. He writes: "I 
came to Jones county, the isth of April, 1856. For the first year I never saw a 
person of my race or religion. Then Mr. John Gorman, with four Englishmen, 
came from Illinois, and joined in a contract to build seven miles of the Air Line 
Railroad. I hastened to see him. Imagine the joy of meeting a friend in a desert, 
of Robinson Crusoe meeting a brother on the lonely island ! We were the only 
two Irishmen that either had any knowledge of. It served to form a friendship 
between us that nothing but death could or did dissolve." Mr. Corcoran is still 
one of us, living with his sons in Missouri. 

Rev. P. J. Maher, of blessed memory, was cradled on the banks of the Suir, 
six miles above the city of Waterford, Ireland. Having made his classical and 
ecclesiastical studies at St. John's College in that city, he was ordained at Pen- 
tecost, 1870, affiliated to the diocese of Dubuque. After the usual season of rest 
and recreation, he emigrated to his chosen field of labor and received his first ap- 
pointment as pastor of Anamosa, where he arrived to take up his residence in 
November of the same year. He was supposed by many to be a rather quaint 
character, with unconventional ways; but he impressed his personality on the 
church and community as few men can do. In fact, he may be said to have in- 
spired new life and vision into the church. Immediately on assuming charge he 
addressed himself to his entrusted duties with a zeal and fidelity that soon told. 
At first he boarded at the home of Henry Jackman, and at John Stafford's ; later 
he rented a house south of the union depot, where he lived until he built the 
present pastoral residence, on a square acre of ground purchased from Dr. Sales, 
at the comer of Broadway and High street. He had nothing to begin with, except 
the four walls of the little brick church on the hill. Soon finding that this had 
outlived its usefulness for the increasing congregation he advocated a new build- 
ing. The foundation of a commodious substantial stone edifice, one hundred 
and ten by forty-six, was laid in 1875. The comer stone is inscribed "August 
22, 1876." It was carried to completion in due time, and, after some ad- 
ditional improvements of a sacristy and vestibule, was made ready for dedication 
September 12, 1880. Diocesan Bishop Hennessy had come to the city, but being 
prevented by illness from officiating, he delegated Rev. James Brady, of Farley, 
to act in his stead. The sermon was by Rev. Thomas Rowe of West Dubuque, 
later of Strawberr)' Point, where he died, July 22, 1904. A local paper describes 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 239 

the preacher as "a young man with much dignity of carriage and a clear, bright 
face, who deHvered a plain matter-of-fact discourse — a message of beneficence to 
the good Catholics of St. Patrick's parish — some passages of which were illu- 
minated with exalted eloquence." The music was in charge of Miss Jennie Sales, 
daughter of Dr. Sales, now a star vocaHst in the metropolitan theaters of Europe. 
Father Maher also attended an out mission, on the Buffalo Creek prairie, where 
he built a church two miles south of Prairieburg. He made an attempt, too, to 
utilize the vacated brick church building for the purposes of a parochial school, 
but the effort proved a failure. There is a cant clerical phrase to the effect that 
the minister who builds a church builds himself outside of it. A year after put- 
ting the top stone on the Anamosa church, its builder exchanged places with the 
pastor of DeWitt, Clinton county, Iowa. There he remained up to the time of 
his death, October 3, 1904. 

Rev. Thomas McCormick accepted the spiritual direction of his coreligionists 
at Anamosa, in November, 1881, and retained it for more than four years. Little 
is known of his antecedents or birthplace. However, the brief period of his pas- 
torate represents some steps of good progress. He was a man who did things. 
Ehiring his time the Catholic cemetery, which was first a Httle patch on the side 
hill, behind the old brick church, and then moved to a worse site some two miles 
outside the city, was removed back, and permanently located on a most charming 
plat of ten acres, on a rising ground close by town, on the way to Stone City. The 
Catholics of this latter parish cooperate with those of Anamosa in keeping up the 
"city of the dead," as they all combined to purchase and prepare the place for a 
burying ground. Father McCormick also began the construction of a bell-tower, 
which the church up to that time had not had, the bell being set on the ground. 
He left in January, 1886, ostensibly to join a missionary society, and nothing was 
heard of him more, until the announcement of his death, in April, 1894. 

Rev. Robert Powers, who had been three years a pastor resident in another 
part of the county, came to Anamosa March 20, 1886, and has held charge as 
rector up to the present time (1909.) Whatever may be the dictates of policy or 
friendship or historical truth or even self-interest, this is not the time nor the 
place to express them. No one will dare speak of another in his presence as he 
might have it in his heart to do. Although nearly a quarter of a century has 
elapsed, and many changes, and it is hoped a few improvements, have taken 
place, yet, whilst a soldier is in the fire of battle it may be premature to blow the 
trumpet note of victory. The meritorious deeds of the longest lifetime may be 
lost by one final fall, and whilst the outcome is hidden in the darkness of doubt, it 
would savor of pride at the least, to pronounce life's problem successfully wrought 
out. The real worth of a parish and the real work of a pastor is not stone and 
brick and mortar, nor any other perceptible thing, neither is it pretense, and 
least of all is it self-praise. St. Patrick's church and parish house have been en- 
larged, remodeled and modified to such an extent that what little remains of the 
original is scarcely recognizable. The make-up of the old building on the hill, 
where the seed was first planted, has been modernized in a manner to make it a 
suitable house to transplant the first seeds in the minds of the rising generation. 
The single acre of ground first bought has spread until it now includes more than 
ten acres. A sanitarium, worthy of a much larger place, was built in 1892, and 



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240 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

rebuilt after being burned down, in 1902. Almost all the years, one after another, 
have witnessed something done — ^in what measure each progressive effort deserves 
the name of improvement is left for others to say. 

Twenty- four years past! The past has a peculiarly subtle hold upon our 
minds. A desire to look back at the past comes to most of us, in response to the 
conviction that **no man liveth to himself alone." A generation has nearly passed 
away. Blest be the tie that binds us to all that is gone. Some of the old stock have 
left lineal descendants, taught to love the ways of the church and to hunger for 
the worship of God after the manner of their forefathers. May it never be said 
of them, as it has been said of others, that on leaving the old home they left their 
religion behind them. 

Popularity is a poor passport to glory. Yet it is something, that after having 
spent the best part of a lifetime — in life, either or both ends amount to very 
little — among the same people, a person does not lose respect the more he is 
known. The present pastor of Anamosa has no aspirations to prominence in 
the ranks of the church nor in the annals of church history. He has given freely 
of his time and labor to the welfare of St. Patrick's congregation; yet he always 
believed that he has done nothing more than his plain duty. 

"Walk about Zion, and go round about her; and tell the towers thereof," etc. 
There was the invitation of the poet-king, David the Psalmist. He wanted his 
people to revisit the old places, where their fathers worshiped and around which 
so many sacred associations clung. In like manner, the old generation that is fast 
passing away, as many of them as revisit the place, may walk about St. Patrick's, 
and go round about her, and give their heart's love to the towers thereof and to 
the ivy-clad walls, and to the steps and stones, and trees, and to the spirits of the 
departed that stand in its shadow. 

ST. Joseph's parish, stone city; an outgrowth of anamosa. 

As elsewhere stated, Anamosa is situated at the junction of two rivers — the 
Wapsipinicon and the Buffalo. Hence the place was first known as the "Forks ;'' 
then it was named '^Dartmouth ;" next **Lexington" ; and lastly "Anamosa." Be- 
tween the rivers mentioned, from their meeting point, runs a strip of land, increas- 
ing in width, and rising to a considerable elevation, known familiarly as the 
"Ridge." This ridge is altogether a formation of magnesia limestone, with only a 
slight covering of earth, and in some spots by the edge of either river, cliffs are 
exposed which stand perpendicularly to a height of thirty or forty feet. On lx)th 
sides of the ridge, that is, along the banks of each river, stone quarries were 
opened, beginning in 1853, frorn which large quantities of stone for building ma- 
terial, paving, and road material have been taken out, and shipped hundreds of 
miles in all directions. At present there are six quarries open on the Wapsie, and 
four on the Buffalo. They give work to a large number of men, especially in the 
summer season, sometimes as many as two hundred hands being employed in one 
quarry. These employes, it is easy to understand, toihng as they are all week at 
the severest kind of labor, should find it impossible to provide vehicles on Sunday 
morning, and no less impossible to walk a distance of eight miles, to and from Ana- 
mosa, the nearest place they could reach a church. In view of the circumstances. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 241 

the difficulties and obligations to be complied with, Mr. J. A. Green, who employs 
the largest number of Catholics, after due advice with the ecclesiastical authorities, 
generously proposed to obviate matters by giving a large hall, over the postoffice, 
which is owned by him, for use temporarily as a chapel. The offer was of course 
accepted with the utmost gratitude. It was inmiediately and most willingly fitted 
up with a crude altar, forms or benches of a rather primitive make-up, but sufficient 
in every respect for all the purposes of Catholic services, which were held there 
for the first time in February, 1884. Indeed, their conditions were far and away 
superior to the log cabins or shanties, in which the first settlers were accustomed 
to worship. In heartfelt thankfulness, and in honor of the "Provider of the Holy 
Family," this new plantation of the gospel mustard seed was called St. Joseph's 
Chapel. 

The employes here, as in other public works, are not usually possessed of very 
much means to build or beautify houses, either for God or for themselves ; neither 
do they feel that they owe it to the present or future generation, to take any special 
interest in the up-building of a permanent church or parish, for the good reason 
that they belong to what is styled a "floating population," — ^they may stay a week, 
or a month, or a season, and leave, possibly never to see the place more. It would 
be in some measure unreasonable to expect such a class of people to contribute to 
local church building in every place in which they may happen to spend a short 
time. 

But there are good, strong, and stationary Catholics in Stone City, who are by 
no means hopeless of spiritual or temporal prosperity. The few residents who are 
anchored to the rocks live in anxious hope of some day seeing in their midst a 
temple worthy of the name "Stone" City, built, like the wise man's house, on a 
rock ; "and the rains fell and the floods came, and the winds blew ♦ ♦ * and 
it fell not, for it was built on a rock." Nature here abundantly supplies the ma- 
terial to raise an edifice to nature's God. Rock, eternal rock, is piled up by the 
hand of the Creator, in long ledges on the hillside, more than enough to build 
ten thousand churches. All needed is to find human hands, stout and strong; and 
big hearts, trusting, and courageous, and religious enough to place one rock upon 
another. Oh, for the "ages of faith," when Solomon builded the most magnifi- 
cent structure that the sun ever saw, yet humbled himself to the dust in thankful- 
ness that the Eternal Excellency of the Most High should condescend to fix his 
abode and "put His name there." In later years, the most skilled and skillful 
builders that the world ever knew could conceive of no nobler use to make of 
their workmanship than to bestow it free, gratis, in rearing temples to the honor 
and glory of the "Giver of every good gift." 

In the meantime, the many transient, and the few old-time permanent wor- 
shippers, in Stone City, must be content to exercise their piety, on benches without 
backs, as they have devoutly done for twenty-five years past. 

At its formation, this was a chapel-of-ease, connected with Anamosa. whilst 
Father McCormick resided there. He attended both churches every Sunday, al- 
ternating early and late services between the two churches. Father Powers con- 
tinued to give the same equal religious opportunities to the combined parishes up 
to September, 1902, when a resident pastor was appointed to Stone City. It has 
been an independent parish since, with the church on Buffalo Creek, two miles 



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242 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

south of Prairieburg, attached to it as an out mission. The Rev. P. J. Leddy was 
the first appointment to the charge. His mind failed, after a year and a half. He 
was removed to a hospital at Dubuque, where he still remains, without hope of 
mental improvement. His successor was Rev. J. Garland, who also resided at 
Stone City, giving the requisite attention to the out mission, up to October, 1905 
He is now stationed at La Motte, Jackson county. The next and present incum- 
bent of this pastorate is the Rev. T. J. Norris. Besides Stone City and Prairie- 
burg, he holds charge at this time of a third mission, at Lisbon, Linn county. 

As already remarked, the parishioners here, both in number and in name, are 
a variable quantity. Hence it would be little more than a waste of historical space 
to specify the make-up of the congregation at any particular period. A large 
proportion of them consists of French-Canadians, or their descendants from the 
northern part of New York state. Although now in the third or fourth genera- 
tion from the the original immigrants, they still fluently parley in the French 
language and retain a great many of the national habits and customs of La Belle 
' France. There arc also some splendid types of the German character among the 
quarrymen; and a scattering few of almost every nationality in Europe. 

It would be impossible at this day to obtain the order of sequence in which the 
' Catholic ^fixtures in the quarry region came there. Presumably, the first among 
them arrived in the sixties, as the stone business was operated on a very limited 
scale prior to that time. The following are the most prominent of those who may 
be ri^;arded as having permanent residences here, without a probability of further 
migration : J. A. Green, John Ronen, John Walsh, Theo. Hennessy, August Pat- 
node, Ed. Mearns, Dunn Brothers, Betz Brothers, Sampica Brothers, Rushford 
Brothers, Denio Brothers, La Barge Brothers. 

i. THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IN MONTICELLO. 

When this country was all a vast mission of the Catholic church occasional 
meetings were held wherever the priests could gather together their congregations, 
land often they journeyed miles from settlement to settlement on foot or horseback. 
Their visits were few, and it was necessary on the arrival of a priest at a certain 
place to send messengers to the different Catholic settlers for miles around. At 
that time as there were no churches, the services were held at the different houses. 
The few faithful that were scattered throughout the country were given the privi- 
lege of receiving the benefits of the church, in this manner, once a year, and that 
about Easter time. 

The first mission station established in the county was in 1857 ^^ Anamosa. 
Services were held in the courthouse. Monticello belonged to this mission. In 
1854 and 1855 there were but few settlers in Monticello, but many Catholics came 
in 1858 and 1859, to assist in the construction of the Dubuque & Southwestern 
Railroad. Some of these early settlers still remain, though the greater number have 
gone to their reward. Prior to 1868, when Monticello was still a small town and 
with but few Catholics, services were held in Kinsella Hall and in what was known 
as Davenport's Hall on the second floor of the old Monticello State Bank building, 
which was torn down in the spring of 1902 to make way for a new building. 



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CATHOLIC CHURCH, MONTICELLO 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 245 

In 1868 Rev. Father Cogan established and founded the parish in Monticello 
and was the first resident priest. He built a frame structure in the southern part 
of the town which was known as the Church of the Sacred Heart. The following 
is a partial list of the names of the heads of famiHes who made it possible for the 
establishment of a permanent parish : 

Michael Breen, Cornelius Brown, Henry Burrows, Andrew Burns, Patrick F. 
Cunningham, Patrick Cushing, John Fleming, John Farley, Daniel Kinsella, Ed- 
ward Kinsella, Mrs. Ella McMahon, John Mathews, Madam McCormick, John 
McConnell, Andrew Munday, Patrick OToole, Michael Quirk, Robert Shane, 
Mrs. Peter Young. 

In 1 87 1 Rev. Father Cogan was succeeded by Rev. Father David Welch who 
made his residence in Monticello for a short time, and then moved to Castle Grove, 
but still had charge of the parish here. The roof was blown oflf the Httle frame 
church, which was re-roofed by Father Welch. This church was thirty feet by 
sixty. 

In 1872, Rev. P. O. Dowd, now of Petersville, Iowa, took charge of the par- 
ish of Castle Grove, with Monticello as an outside mission, and remained until 
the year 1878, when on October 8th the church was destroyed by a tornado that 
swept the southern portion of the town. 

The following Sunday, with sad hearts, and hopes almost blighted, the mem- 
bers betook themselves to the little vacant schoolhouse in the northern part of the 
town, and on December 14th of the same year, Very Reverend P. J. O'Connor, 
now of Sioux City, a young and zealous priest came and took up the work of 
rebuilding the church and again Monticello had a resident priest, with Sand Spring 
as an outside mission. It was at this time that courage was needed for it seemed 
that the congregation was diminishing instead of increasing, but the pastor, a man 
of energy and determination, labored patiently, and erected the present edifice, 
and parochial residence, the comer stone of which was laid in 1880. Some of 
those present who were among the best helpers to promote this enterprise have 
gone to their reward. 

From the time the church was destroyed by the tornado in 1878, until the 
present church was finished in the fall of 1880, services were held in the old school- 
house. Along with the work of building and trying to pay the debt on the church, 
Father O'Connor gave his earnest attention to the instruction of a large Sunday 
school and the children of that time will never forget the many kindnesses, care 
and attention bestowed on them. About the year 1884 Father O'Connor was 
succeeded by Rev. J. Tobin, who remained nearly four years. During his short 
stay he made some improvements to the church property and continued the work 
already begtm by Father O'Connor in the Sunday school. In 1887 Father Tobin 
was removed to Fairbanks, Iowa, where he died in July, 1899, after a life well 
spent in patient toil dedicated to the services of God. 

About Christmas, 1887, Rev. J. McCormick came to reside in Monticello., and 
has remained ever since, it being the longest pastorate of any of the English-speak- 
ing churches in the city. He is a man ever kind and sympathetic to those in 
trouble, distress and sickness. Being a progressive age improvements have con- 
tinued to be made on the church and property until, in all, nearly twenty thousand 



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246 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY • 

dollars have been expended, and now the church and residence are among the 
finest and most up-to-date church properties in the county. 

Not only the Catholic people are entitled to high praise for their liberality and 
efforts in making the church property what it is, but non-Catholics have been 
kind and generous in contributing. 

From the few who left the little schoolhouse to enter the new church over 
twenty years ago, the members have continued to increase both in number and 
circumstances until the large edifice is now filled. All honor to those workers 
who, in the beginning and since, were so faithful in helping to make the church 
what it is. Although some of them have passed away they are still remembered, 
and ever will be in the hearts of the Catholic people of Monticello, who have 
watched the progress of the church in all those years. 

A few years ago a branch of the order of Catholic Foresters was organized 
here, and any eligible Catholic may join it. They also have two societies in the 
church known as the Rosary Society and League of the Sacred Heart. 

CATHOLICITY IN CASTLE GROVE. 

Castle Grove, the extreme northwestern township in Jones county, is watered 
by several creeks. These not only afford excellent fertility in meadow lands, and 
furnish ample opportunity for stock raising, but they served to give the pioneer 
a most desirable place of residence. Wood and water ! On the edge of the tim- 
ber near a stream ! Ah ! there was the beau ideal to choose for a home — a sweet 
home \ It was preposterous in those days to think of squatting down on the broad 
bleak prairie ; and this for two great reasons : First, there was the foregone cer- 
tainty, or at least the very probable liability of being frozen to death some night, 
in the depths of the snow with no possible chance of finding a twig to light a 
fire ; and the second reason was that the prairies, with their tall, waving grass, 
seemed so immense in their expanse there could be no more likelihood or danger 
of their being ever totally occupied than there was of the Sahara desert, or the 
Atlantic ocean. Why the only good spot in the whole world for a sound and se- 
cure habitation was supposed to be the edge of a growth of timber, sheltered from 
the storms at all seasons of the year. There you were, with plenty of logs of 
body wood at one side, for fuel in the big open fireplaces ; and with plenty of pas- 
ture and hay at the other side just for the gathering. That filled the pioneer's 
<up of prospective happiness. 

The first two white men who settled on the present site of Monticello, came 
in the fall of 1836. A few months later — in the summer of '37, two Catholics — 
James McLaughlin and Thomas Galligan, came and settled in the same region. 
Not a single sod of the virgin prairie had yet been upturned. They were, as far 
as known, the first Catholics in Jones county. Let it be noted forever in local 
history. The twelve apostles, after the ascension of their Divine Master, are 
said to have assembled in a certain spot, (which is yet pointed out,) and after 
having first composed the profession of faith called the "Apostles* Creed," they 
divided the then known world into sections ; and one was told off to one section, 
and another to another section, and a third to another, and so on. Well, "Jim" 
McLaughlin and "Tom" Galligan were the "apostles" of the faith of St. Peter 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 247 

in this county. Sterling representatives they were of the faith which was not 
unworthy a Redeemer's blood. By example, instruction, advice, and the best edu- 
cation that Notre Dame University could give, they prepared their children to walk 
in their father's footsteps. When the first priest passed on his circuit through 
that northern tier of townships, on his way to Delhi, he found out the house of Mr. 
McLaughlin. He stayed there ; he celebrated mass there ; the scattered Catholics 
of that neighborhood assembled and joined in prayer and sacrifice in that impro- 
vised domestic chapel. A brother of the itinerant missionary, having sometimes 
accompanied him, married one of Mr. McLaughlin's daughters thus adding a so- 
cial tie to the spiritual bond already existing between them. Well may their de- 
scendants be proud of those who blazed the path of civilization through the woods, 
and blazed the highway of Catholicity over the broad prairies. Will the mar- 
riage of souls, contracted by the forefathers of those far oflf days, with their 
mother church, be passed down indissoluble through the ages ? Will their children, 
and children's children rise up and bless the names of their forebears, and renew 
their inherited allegiance to the old rock-rooted church which was established "to 
teach, govern, sanctify, and save all men ?" Long live the union between the Mac's 
and O's and the old Apostolic church. 

Castle Grove is so called from the first house of respectable dimensions built 
there, by a man named Beardsley, near where the road crosses Silver Creek. Ed. 
Moore's house stood in the same place in later days. Being the largest, if not the 
only residence above a log cabin, it was called a "castle ;" and located as it was in 
the grove, the township was named from it "Castle Grove." 

Among the Catholics, D. M. Hogan and Ed Troy had both been soldiers in 
the Mexican war. At their discharge they received each a "warrant" entitling 
them to a "plat" or a quarter section of land, wherever they were pleased to 
choose, in any part of Uncle Sam's unoccupied domain. At Monticello, getting 
off the stage, they passed to the western edge of the timber growth, and there they 
selected a spot which they decided to call home. Not much sign of a "home" vis- 
ible until these sons of toil made it worthy the name. Here they lived and died. 
Here too, their children still live, and occupy beautiful homes which the progress 
of time and toil developed. Quarter sections of prairie, adjoining on the west, 
were taken up in the early '50s, at government price — one dollar and twenty-five 
cents an acre — ^by Dennis Hogan, with his sons, Jas. P'k. M'l. and D*s. ; also by 
four Kehoe brothers, Ed. Simeon, P'k. and Wm. ; by P'k. Waddick, Jas. Delay, 
and many others further west and north. They were nearly all of the same na- 
tionality, chiefly sons of Tipperary, inoculated with the faith that never dies. Like 
good Christians that they were, after having in the sweat of their brows provided 
for bodily sustenance during six days of the week, their next thought was to "Re- 
member the Sabbath day; to keep it holy." The Rev. Jeremiah Treacy, then sta- 
tioned at Garryowen, passed on his circuit, through Cascade, Monticello, and on 
westward through Castle Grove to Delhi. He was heartily and hospitably re- 
ceived by the family of James McLaughlin, whose home being on the eastern 
border of the settlement was first reached, and whose circumstances enabled him 
more than the others, to render such entertainment as befitted the occasion. Here 
the priest made his stopping place, here he celebrated mass, shrived the adults, 
baptized the children, and instructed the youth in the tenets of religion. There is 



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248 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

no means at hand of ascertaining the frequency of such calls, or the duration to 
which each visit was prolonged. 

As the new settlers spread out over the prairie, the center of population, and 
the most convenient place of access, was found to be further west. Simeon Kehoe, 
a most ardent devotee of the church, and an experienced server at the altar, gladly 
offered the accommodations of his domicile, such as it was. This was made the 
meeting house for some time, and it served to all intents and purposes, fof the 
ministrations of the church. Though the missionary was regarded as residing in 
Garryowen, as a matter of fact he did not enjoy the happiness of a residence any- 
where. There were no parishes, or parish limits in those days. The priest took 
with him the necessary outfit for the performance of his official functions, in his 
saddle-bags if riding horseback, and carried them on his own back if "riding" 
afoot. Setting out in search of a Catholic family or settlement, he was free to 
stop, wherever he willed, without "let or hindrance" from any authority higher 
than the spiritual needs of the people. The Rev. P. Maginnis, whose headquarters 
were first at Garryowen, but later at Temple Hill, also made some visitations 
over this circuit, and received the cordial hospitality of Mr. McLaughHn's home. 

In 1853, ^y the advice and exertions of Rev. J. Treacy, the Catholics of the 
settlement in their extreme poverty, denied themselves the comforts if not the 
very necessities of life, in order to contribute the means sufficient to build a house 
which should belong to God alone, and not a part of the culinary abode of some 
sinful creature. The site selected was perhaps the most beautiful in all the town- 
ship — on the point of a knoll some short distance directly behind the present pas- 
toral residence. To foimd a permanent institution, as also to afford an abundance 
of space for the anticipated needs of a growing congregation — for cemetery, school 
and garden — but best of all as the outcome of a great big overflowing Irish heart, 
Patrick MuUady donated forty acres of land for the use and benefit of the church 
in Castle Grove. In the spring of 1854, the church was completed, to the immense 
pleasure, and pardonable pride of the contributors. Solomon in all his glory was 
not more supremely delighted after the finishing of his famous temple at Jerusa- 
lem. It was finally ready for the opening or dedicatory ceremony on a certain day, 
when by prearrangement. Father Treacy was to make his periodical visit. The 
Godly man came and stayed as usual at Mr. McLaughlin^s, where he was no less 
surprised than gratified, to learn that by extraordinary exertions they had suc- 
ceeded in making all preparations for the sacred ceremony of dedication the next 
day. In the twilight of early morning, the humble people hastened in their little 
crowds to the house of God, with anticipated congratulations from one another, 
and with hopes to receive the thanks and praise of the Almighty, through the 
mouth of His minister, for the success of their efforts; whilst both priest and 
people, as soon as the doors were opened, would walk in, and unite their voices 
in great gusto, praying the prayer of Solomon on a similar occasion : "Will God 
indeed dwell on earth ? Behold : the heaven of heavens cannot contain thee ; how 
much less this house that I have builded." When the high-hearted expectant 
worshippers reached the cherished object of their anticipations, they had nothing 
to see but a pile of black smoldering ashes. The year was 1854, and the bitterness 
of the Know Nothing excitement was at its height. Some Know Nothings in the 
western part of the settlement (their names afterwards became public) came in 



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CATHOLIC CHURCH, CASTLE CiUOVE 




INTERIOR OF CHURCH 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 251 

the darkness of night — when bad men always choose to do their worst work — and 
set fire to the church, for no other reason than this alone — it was a Catholic church. 
When the minister of the all-holy God arrived on the scene, he found his poor 
people, no longer proud of their achievement, but shivering around the embers 
of their burnt hopes, and asking one another in undertones if such things could 
be in a free country. 

There and then, partly in fierce faith, and partly in desperation, but most of 
all depending on the fairness eventually of the American people, these Catholics 
procured pen and paper and grimly signed their promissory notes to a subscription 
list, to build forthwith a better church than the one burned down. 

The second church, which was quite large for those days, was erected during 
the pastoral attendance of Rev. M. Lynch, who resided in Cascade. He was in 
young years a man of letters, well learned not only in theology and the dead lan- 
guages, but also a fluent fine conversationalist in French, and later learned to speak 
German, whilst he lived in the basement of his church at Holy Cross. He placed 
the second church of Castle Grove, not on the foundation of the destroyed build- 
ing, but nearer the road, where the present brick structure stands. His principal 
employe in the work was a monk from New Melleray called Brother Matthew, 
(Robert Healy) who later lived for many years at Anamosa, where he died, and 
is buried in Holy Cross cemetery. 

The next succeeding ministerial attendant was Father Cogan, resident in Mon- 
ticello — ^the circuit was growing narrower. He in early life had been a "Chris- 
tian Brother," a community devoted altogether to teaching, and his experience in 
the class-room gave him a singular facility and fluency of speech, which stood him 
in good stead, after he graduated in the higher studies. He made himself dis- 
tinguished as a forceful controversialist, and held public discussions at Monticello, 
and Sand Spring, which attracted more than ordinary interest at the time, with the 
result (as always occurs in such cases) that the auditors went away still wedded 
to their prejudices — some pro and some con. This clergyman was possessed of 
rare personal magnetism, and could draw large numbers of people, of all classes, 
and from long distances, to assist in any church work inaugurated by him. After 
living for some time in Monticello, he moved to Castle Grove, where he built a 
parochial house, which still stands as a part of the presbytery which was subse- 
quently enlarged, and later again improved. 

Father Brennan came next. The date of his entrance, or exit, or anything of 
his personal history is not within reach. A sister of his, who kept house for him, 
died during his pastorate, and lies buried in a shamefully unmarked grave behind 
the church. 

Rev. David Walsh followed. He is noted for a famous lawsuit, in which he 
was prosecuted, by a Bohemian family named Stepanek, of Prairieburg, for the 
overthrow and injury done to a monument, erected to the memory of their de- 
ceased father. The Hon. C. R. Scott, then district attorney, exhibited no less 
vehemence than animosity, in his eflForts to gain a conviction of the defendant. 
The case was conducted, from beginning to end, in an atmosphere of intense strife, 
bigotry, and malice. It resulted in a disagreement of the jury. The late Charles 
Lull, and a Mr. Livingstone from Centre Junction, deserve everlasting credit, 
esteem and gratitude, from the Catholicity of Jones county, for their independent 



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252 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

upright stand on the issue, going according to the conviction of their conscien- 
tious belief and judgment, in defiance of the majority of the jury who were de- 
termined to force a verdict of "guilty," backed as they felt they were, by popular 
prejudice, and the unconcealed bias of bench and bar. Father Walsh left soon 
afterwards, for Wilton, Iowa, and when the day set for the next trial came on, he 
was lying dead in a hospital in Davenport. His body is buried in St. Mary's 
cemetery, in that city; and his soul awaited Scott's at the tribunal beyond the 
clouds, where many of the prosecutions of this world will be reversed. In '69, Mr. 
Scott lost his voice, and resigned his position of district attorney. 

Castle Grove remained without a pastor for six months, when the Rev. Peter 
O'Dowd was appointed to the charge. His ordination took place on May 24, 
1872, at St. Patrick's college, Carlow, Ireland, whither the graduates of his Alma 
Mater (Water ford) had been sent that year. In the October following, he emi- 
grated, and coming to Dubuque, was assigned by Bishop Hennessy to Ackley, for 
an opportunity of experience and rest, as his cousin — Very Rev. Peter O'Dowd — 
(now of Independence,) was then pastor of the Catholic church there. On the 
23rd of September, 1873, he received his letter of appointment to Castle Grove. 
There he found the church so lop-sided, from the effects of a recent cyclone, that 
before anyone could safely venture under its roof, three stout sticks had to be 
propped against it on the outside. He next found a debt* of eight hundred dollars, 
which exceeded the value of the entire property. How was it contracted? For 
an eighteen dollar window he was made to pay two hundred dollars, between fac- 
tory, express, and storage charges, interest compounding on interest, collection 
fees, and all accruing costs. In a quandary as to how to make a beginning, one 
man, Patrick Kehoe, Senior, strong as he was in the faith and love of God, and 
full of devotion to his church, came forward, and assumed every cent of the 
indebtedness on himself personally. He went out and hauled the first load of 
brick, and having set it down on the ground, he placed on top of it his bond for 
four hundred dollars in cash for a new building. This single act of trustfulness, 
good example, and encouragement not only stopped the mouths of would-be croak- 
ers, but really left no other option to every man in the settlement than this alone, 
to follow in his leadership. All honor to Mr. P. Kehoe. Generations yet unborn 
will rise up and bless the day he lived. Well may his name be revered as long as 
there is a stone upon a stone in the church of Castle Grove. 

The new pastor proved himself eminently worthy of the confidence reposed in 
him. Spotless in Hfe, true to his calling, strict in the smallest secular, social, and 
spiritual details, respectful of his position, a scholar and a student in all the de- 
partments of learning, in short a perfect "man of God" in every sense of the 
word. 

The foundation of the new church was laid in 'j^, and the superstructure 
erected in the following summer. At the laying of the comer stone, the sermon 
was preached by the Rev. L. Roche, then of Davenport, now of Cascade. The 
dedication took place on September 8, 1880, by Bishop Hennessy of Dubuque. 
The report in a local newspaper says of it : "We have heretofore fully described 
the gothic solidity of the exterior of this church edifice — ^than which there is no 
finer outside of the large cities in the state of Iowa. In this writing we will con- 
fine our description to the interior finishing, which, with its frescoings, carvings. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 253 

and gildings, is of surpassing beauty; and is a faithful copy of some of those 
grand houses of worship of classic fame, which are found in the capitals of the 
old world." Then follows a lengthy description of the fifteen frescoes on the walls 
and ceiling, w^hich are declared to be "not merely images daubed on in color paint, 
but superb works of art — ^the artist's masterpieces, replete in beauty, and well 
worth going a journey to see. All the rest of the interior of the church is equally 
elaborate — altar, side altars, sittings, stained glass windows, matted floor." The 
following occurs in a commentary on the services : "The sermon was delivered by 
the Rev. P. O'Dowd of Ackley, Iowa, a cousin to the pastor of Castle Grove. 
This ecclesiastic is a young man of nervous, meditative manner, and full of reli- 
gious zeal, eloquent thought, and learning." After a summary of the discourse, 
arid an account of the "baptism" of the bell, the writer concludes : "The people 
of Castle Grove are the most prosperous community in Jones county, and in the 
day of their prosperity they have not forgotten to be liberal. The work they have 
accomplished in the completion of this church speaks volumes for their public 
spirit, and for the diligence and wisdom of Rev. Father O'Dowd." 

For the first six years in Castle Grove, Father O'Dowd attended the Catholic 
church in Monticello, driving eight miles between the two places. Besides the 
magnificent church, this pastor also built a very neat schoolhouse, which was 
first rented to the directors of the district, and utilized as a public school, but later 
was converted into a parochial school, with a residence for teachers and boarders 
attached. At the time of this change it was moved to its present site — ^behind the 
church. 

Every work was completed, not only in the matter of construction, but the 
grounds were admirably ornamented with rows of evergreen and shade trees, the 
"city of the dead" was beautifully fixed up, and the entire surroundings rendered 
like the country residence of a rich magnate. 

Far from leaving a debt for his successor to shoulder, he not only liquidated 
every penny of the old and new obligations, but a balance of nine hundred dollars 
was left in the church treasury. The workman's part was done. On the day of 
the dedication he was commissioned to Charlotte, Qinton county, where a similar 
task awaited him. There he still lives, in rather enfeebled bodily health, but with 
mind as brilliant, and memory as undimmed as thirty-seven years ago. Long be 
his years of "otiutn cum dignitate," Catholicity in Jones county owes him much. 
When first he set foot here a man of his cloth was suspicioned by all, and despised 
by many. When he left us a minister of his denomination was more respected 
than any man in the community. 

In September, 1880, the Rev. J. Fogarty succeeded to the pastorship. He re- 
mained until October, 1882, when he was replaced by the Rev. R. Powers, who 
administered to the spiritualties of the people up to March, 1886. Then for a 
few months the duties of pastor were filled by Rev. J. Griffin. In October of 
the same year he went to Salix, Iowa, where he still resides as pastor. After him 
came Rev. M. S. Murphy, who is the present enciunbent in office. 

A Catholic church at Onslow, being vacated for many years, for want of a 
congregation, was torn down last month, and the material taken to Baldwin, 
Jackson county. 



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254 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IN OXFORD T UNCTION. 

It is mentioned elsewhere in this department of the Jones county history that 
there are but few Catholics in the southern tier of townships — Greenfield, Rome, 
Hale, and Oxford. That statement deserves a note of qualification. In the south- 
eastern comer of the county, in Oxford township, is a village — Oxford Junction 
— of some two or three hundred inhabitants. Here is an intersection of two 
branches of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway; and for several years 
that company operated machine shops at the point of junction. The work natur- 
ally brought an increasing number of mechanics, citizens of the best kind, with 
their dependent families^ and the traders necessary to the completion of a city 
community. For the time being, the ^'Junction" was an important and thriving 
settlement, and its future prospects seemed bright and promising. 

Among the operatives were a goodly number of Bohemians. Others of the 
same nationality settled in the outlying vicinity. All of those brought the Catholic 
faith with them from their motherland. Combining w^ith a few Irish families 
residing in the locality tributary to the incipient town, they built a house of wor- 
ship, a neat frame structure, in the year 1881. The ground for this first church 
("St. Mary's") was donated by James Quirk, who died, full of years, honors, 
and merits, in October, 1909. It was put up mainly by subscription, in which 
the members of other denominations participated, with great good will and gener- 
osity. The Rev. P. McNamara of Toronto, succeeded by the Rev. T. Laffin of 
Marion, held services at regular periods, generally once a month, for several 
years. In the meantime, on some of the intervening Sundays, services were con- 
ducted by the Rev. Francis Chmelar and his successors, who, from the Bohemian 
church at Cedar Rapids, attended to the spiritual wants of their own country- 
people, throughout Linn, and all the adjoining counties, and often in other coun- 
ties much farther away. 

In 1897 a pastor was assigned for permanent residence at Oxford Junction, in 
the person of the Rev. F. McAuliflFe. Disappointed at not receivmg a clergyman 
to address them in their own tongue, the Bohemian worshipers demanded their 
pro rata of the property thus far accumulated to the credit of the church com- 
mon ; and with it, they seceded to build and maintain a church of their own, with a 
pastor of their own nationality. This might appear perhaps a demonstration of 
hiunanity, rather than of Catholicity ; but was it Josh Billings, or someone else 
equally truthful who said: "there is a great deal of humanity in man." The 
railroad machine shops are long since moved away, yet two churches of the same 
denomination ^tand less than a block apart, in a town that previously could not 
sustain either. One pastor, to make ends meets, has charged himself with the 
care of an outside congregation in Clinton county, with a second in Jackson 
county, each sixteen miles away from his place of habitat; whilst the other 
pastor gives attention to a Bohemian mission at Prairieburg, Linn county, twenty- 
seven miles from his home. The pastor of either church built a parsonage, with 
all the concomitants of a modern respectable residence, which speaks volumes for 
the faith and generosity of the few people, coupled of course with the activity 
and popularity of their ministers. The original sum total of outlay on each edi- 
fice did not exceed four thousand dollars ; but the energy of the respective clergy- 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 255 

men in charge has since added, year after year, and effected such improvements 
that at the present time both properties present not only a creditable, but a really 
admirable appearance. 

Rev. F. McAuliffe, remained three years, when he moved to the western part 
of the state, where he still lives, in the diocese of Sioux City. He was next fol- 
lowed by the Rev. F. Nolan, who, after a stay of one year, went for a post- 
graduate course to the Catholic university, at Washington, District of Columbia. 
He is now engaged in teaching at the college in Dubuque. 

In November, 1900 the present pastor, Rev. P. H. McNamara, took up the 
charge. He was educated for the ministry at the other side of the Atlantic, and 
ordained in Dublin, Ireland, July 1898. Coming to the diocese of Dubuque, the 
chosen field of his missionary labors, in September of the same year, he received 
from the then diocesan. Bishop Hennessy, brief assignments to parishes at As- 
bury, Dubuque cotmty, Charles City, Sheldon, Ryan and then his present incum- 
bancy. Since his arrival in Oxford Junction he has exhibited to a wonderful 
degree the amount of good work anyone can accomplish whose heart and soul 
are devoted to a single central object. His vocation and avocation in life has 
been nothing else than the good of God's people, and the upbuilding of God's 
church. With very little mat?erial means, but with a large amount of mental, 
social, and spiritual means, consecrated by the singleness of purpose character- 
istic of the true "man of God,*' he has wrought, in season and out of season, year 
after year, until a beholder of his work is reminded insensibly of the fate of a 
certain flower, famed in phrase, that was pitiably doomed to "waste its sweet- 
ness on the desert air." How inscrutable are the way of Providence! Twelve 
Apostles once converted the world, — Twelve Apostolic men, not unlike the un- 
known pastor of Oxford township, could help immeasurably today in doing the 
same thing. "Messis quidem multa-/' May a bountiful Lord send many such 
laborers into the ripening field, to "gather his people, as sheaves into the floor 
of his bam." Was it not David, the Sheperd King of Israel, who sang the psalm 
of his people returning from captivity: "They that sow in tears shall reap in 
joy. Going and casting precious seed, they shall come again with joy fulness, 
bringing their sheaves with them." The Oxford pastor will doubtless carry a 
great big bundle of "sheaves" to the feet of the Judge, in the Kingdom come." 



CASS TOWNSHIP. 



Cass township has the distinction of being the only township in the county that 
has never had a postofiice so far as we have been able to determine. Anamosa, 
in Fairview township, being close to the southern border of the township, has been 
able to supply the greater part of Cass with the necessities of the commercial 
world. 

The northern part of the township is much more favorable for agriculture than 
the southern, and especially the southwestern. The farms are well improved, and 
many of them have substantial improvements and have an air of prosperity. The 
stock farm of W. A. Hale, has been quite a business center and has attracted 
breeders of fine stock from quite a distance. 



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256 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

The inhabitants are thrifty and intelligent. The earlier inhabitants were 
largely Americans, but in later years, the Germans and the Irish have moved in 
and have added to the prosperous conditions of the township. 

The first settler in the township was Edward Saams, who came in the year 
1844, and settled near the center of the township. Other early settlers were Solo- 
mon Thomas, Elisha Dodge, Robert and Smith Condit, John Wallace, Orrin 
Harvey, John Preston, A. P. Condit, David Osborne, George Hall, Leslie Hanna, 
Alex Crawford, A. W. Barker, Wm. L. Beeks, John A. Reeves, Silas and Jonas 
Saams, Linus Osborne, Wm. T. Shaw, M. C. Thompson, John Ogden, A. L. Fair- 
banks, John Powell, Thos. E. Belknap, Oliver Doyle, Wm. Bowers, George Gallo- 
way, Dexter Cunningham, W. J. Arnold, Fuller, ^Acres, Spencer Pitcher. 

George Palmer, E. B. Alderman. 

The first child bom in the township was a child of Edward Saams. 

The first death in the township was Edward Sams Reeves. 

The first marriage in Cass township was Myron Sexton, or Sarton, and Miss 
Elizabeth Wilhite, September 29, 185 1. 

The first schoolhouse was West Cass, in the year 1846. The name of the first 
teacher could not be determined. 

The first preaching service was by Rev. Troup, a United Brethren minister in 
1841. 

The first mill was built in 1848 by Gideon H. Ford, at Fremont. The first frame 
building in the township was built by Wm. T. Shaw, on the Osborne place. E. 
Bonstell was the first to make music on the anvil, in a blacksmith shop erected 
in 1858. 

The population of Cass township has maintained its original growth as well as 
any township in the county. In i860 the inhabitants numbered five hundred and 
ninety-seven. According to the 1905 official census the population was seven hun- 
dred and seventy-eight. 

THE SCHOOLS. 

The schools of the township are as well maintained as in any township in the 
county. The school property of the township is valued at nearly five thousand dol- 
lars, while the school apparatus is valued at over one thousand dollars. The 
school libraries have in all over six hundred volumes. The township school organ- 
ization is maintained. Miss Ida Lake is township secretary, and A. L. Fairbanks, 
township treasurer. The several directors are: Geo. Watt, Thos. Day, N. P. 
Gooley, Fred. Houseman, W. A. Hale, C. B. Darrow, E. H. Grimm, E. Patnode. 

CASS CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 

The First Congregational church of Cass, located near the center of the 
township of the same name, is one of the early church organizations of the 
county, and was a pioneer in religious activity which has survived the changes 
and evolution of the community. 

The Cass church was organized in June, 1856, with fourteen charter members, 
namely: Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Condit, Mr. and Mrs. R. B. Condit, Mr. and Mrs. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 257 

J. S. Condit, Mr. and Mrs. George Hall, Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Ogden, Mr. and 
Mrs. O. B. Doyl, Mrs. Jeremiah Friend and Mrs. M. C. Thompson. Of this list 
of pioneer workers, a few still survive. Mr. and Mrs. R. B. Condit resided in 
Cass for twenty-one years, and during all of that time were zealous church 
workers. Mr. Condit filling the positions of sexton, chorister and Sunday-school 
superintendent. Mr. Condit and wife now live in Los Angeles, California. Mrs. 
Doyl lives at Utica, Nebraska. J. S. Condit and wife are also numbered with 
the inhabitants of earth. The others of the charter members have joined the 
Church Triumphant. The first deacon was A. P. Condit. Alexander Crawford, 
Spencer Pitcher and George W. Hall were elected trustees and J. S. Condit, clerk. 

In the spring of 1855, the nucleus of the Cass Congregational church, first 
began to appear upon the horizon of time. At that time Rev. LaDue, the congre- 
gational minister in Anamosa, began holding occasional services Sunday after- 
noons in a small, unpainted schoolhouse at Cass Center. The schoolhouse was 
not lathed or plastered and was without seats. The congregation consisted of two 
or three families, a few of the neighboring men and boys came in their shirt 
sleeves and bare- footed and sat around on the fence near the building. It is told 
by one of the old settlers, that one of the men who sat near enough to hear, said 
that Mr. LaDue preached just like any minister; that he had expected to hear a 
sermon on infant damnation. In the following Jime, 1855, the church was 
organized. 

The Sunday-school was organized soon afterward with R. B. Condit as super- 
intendent. The library consisted of a new testament and one small hymn book. 
There were no lesson leaves, quarterlies or papers. Each child was expected to 
memorize as many verses of Scripture as possible and recite them to the teacher 
at the school. Some of the scholars would recite several hundred verses at one 
time. 

Soon after the church was organized, Rev. LaDue left Anamosa and Rev. S. 
A. Benton took his place. In the winter of 1857 a protracted meeting was held 
in the little schoolhouse which was now completed. The pastor was assisted 
in these meetings by Rev. C. S. Cady. Much interest was manifest, and as a 
result of the meetings, the church membership was increased. Rev. C. S. Cady 
was then called as the resident pastor of the young church and moved to Cass 
-•about October i, 1858, and occupied one room at Deacon A. P. Condits house. 

At a meeting held November 24, 1858, the congregation decided to build a 
church, and M. C. Thompson, Dr. Hoskins, J. A. Palmer, R. B. Condit and O. B. 
Doyl were appointed as a building committee. Deacon A. B. Condit offered to 
build the church and dedicate it free from debt if the society would furnish the 
foundation, sills, and five hundred dollars in cash, and the offer was accepted. 
R. B. Condit donated the lot for the church and also for the cemetery. In the 
fall of i860, the church was dedicated free from debt. 

These were strenuous days in pioneer church life. A letter by Mrs. 
O. B. Doyl, written fifty years after the dedication of the new church home, 
speaks in tenderness, and from the heart, of that struggling and eventful time, 
as follows: "I remember so distinctly how happy we all were that we now 
had a home and could worship under our own roof. I also remember when 
it was said to be completed, and we ladies gathered to put on the finishing 



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258 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

touches. We took our dinners and spent the day putting up window shades, 
laying down carpet in the aisles, and trimming the desk. We were a happy crowd. 
Life before us was then so hopeful. Time has made its ravages, and as I turn 
the leaf over, sadness comes to me, for out of that company of twenty or twenty- 
five, I cannot think of more than half a dozen still living. All with few excep- 
tions are sleeping beside that structure builded fifty years ago." 

Rev. Cady left Cass in 1861, and for a period of five months. Rev. Daniel 
Savage, a young man from Boston, ministered to the spiritual wants of the con- 
gregation. After one years' stay in the wild and wooly west, he was succeeded 
by Rev. C. C. Humphrey, who remained until September, 1867. Next came 
Rev. W. H. Hayward who remained in Cass three years. Rev. W. H. Barrows 
then filled the pulpit for five years, and during his pastorate, the church be- 
came self-supporting. Previously, the church had received aid from the Home 
Missionary Society. It was about this time that the society bought a house and 
lot for a parsonage. 

Following Rev. Mr. Barrows, the spiritual welfare of the church was looked 
after by Rev. E. C. Downs for two years, then by Rev. James Mitchell for 
nearly three years. During the latter pastorate, the Ladies Aid Society was or- 
ganized, and has continued to be a valuable organization. In January, 1880, 
a call was extended to Rev. George Ritchie, who remained until July, 1882. 
During this pastorate, the parsonage was moved to a new lot, and improvements 
were added, making it more comfortable and cozy. Rev. B. M. Amsden then, 
supplied the pulpit but lived at his home in Manchester. November 11, 1883, 
Rev. Daniel Badwell was called to the pastorate and remained for five years. 
After his resignation the services were kept up without a regular pastor by- 
having an occasional supply until October 10, 1889, when Rev. Barrows was 
again called as pastor. At the close of Rev. Barrows' pastorate in 1894, Rev. 
S. F. Milliken of the Congregational Church of Anamosa conducted services 
each Sabbath afternoon for five years, and during this period, during the year 
1895, a series of revival meetings were conducted by N. S. Packard, and at the 
close of the meetings, a Christian Endeavor Society was organized with twenty- 
four members, and proved to be a very helpful organization. From October, 1899 
to July, 1902, the pulpit was filled by students from Coe College. During the 
year 1902, the church and society were bereft of seven very helpful members in 
the one year. 

On December 21, 1902, the church extended a call to Rev. A. B. Keeler and 
on April 21, 1903, he was ordained, the services being held at the church. On 
account of poor health he resigned, the same taking effect December 28, 1903. 
The pulpit was again supplied by students and other ministers until Rev. H. M. 
Pinkerton was called as pastor. He remained eleven months, and on May 7, 
1905, Rev. George Brimacomb was called to the charge and remained three years, 
when the present pastor. Rev. W. R. Bundy became the resident minister. Dur- 
ing this pastorate, the church has made substantial progress, and the work 
advanced. 

The present officers : trustees — George Watt, E. M. Hanna, George Brainard ; 
clerk — Mrs. Ruby Ketcham; deacons — W. A. Hale, Harvey House; Christian 
Endeavor Society — president, Parke Ogden ; vice-president, Miss Ella Watt ; 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 259 

recording secretary, Miss Hazel Bray; corresponding secretary, Miss Hattie 
Ketcham; treasurer, Clarence Hanna; organist, Miss Jennie Hale. Ladies Aid 
Society — ^president, Mrs. Warren Wallace ; vice-president, Mrs. George Brainard ; 
secretary, Mrs. Ruby Ketcham. 

OFFICIAL ROSTER, CASS TOWNSHIP. 

1852 — Election at the home of William L. Beeks, April 5, 1852. Trustees: 
George A. Calloway, Manasseh Reeves, Edward Sams; clerk, John A. Reeves; 
justices : Edward Sams and George A. Calloway. 

1853 — Trustees: Manasseh Reeves, George A. Calloway, Edward Sams; 
clerk, John A. Reeves. 

1854 — Trustees: Elisha Dodge, William L. Beasly, George Palmer; clerk, 
William T. Shaw; justice, Arad Grover. 

1855 — ^Trustees: George W. Hall, George Palmer, William Arnold; clerk, 
Robert B. Condit; assessor, William T. Shaw; justice, Thomas E. Belknap. 

1856 — Trustees : William J. Arnold, George Hall, E. B. Alderman ; clerk, R. B. 
Condit; assessor, E. B. Alderman; justice, W. J. Arnold. 

1857 — ^Trustees: R. B. Condit, Dexter Cunningham, E. B. Alderman; clerk, 
A. P. Condit; justice. Dexter Cunningham. 

1858 — ^Trustees: William J. Arnold, M. C. Thompson, John Preston; clerk. 
Dexter Cunningham. 

1859 — Trustees: John Preston, M. C. Thompson, James Helma; clerk, E. B. 
Alderman. 

i860 — ^Trustees: Linus Osbom, Samuel B. Tucker, S. Haskin; clerk, E. B. 
Alderman. 

1861 — Trustees: E. B. Alderman, Linus Osborn, M. C. Thompson; clerk Dex- 
ter Cunningham. 

1862 — ^Trustees: Linus Osborn, D. Goes, William Gillilan; clerk, S. B. Tucker. 

1863 — Trustees: G. G. Noyes, John Crawford, R. B. Condit; clerk, M. C. 
Thompson ; assessor, Linus Osbom ; road supervisors : P. D. Goes, Nelson Van- 
horn, WilHam Gillilan, S. B. Tucker, L. Guilford. 

1864 — Trustees: R. B. Condit, J. A. Crawford, G. G. Noyes; clerk, M. C. 
Thompson. 

1865 — ^Trustees: J. A. Crawford, Carso Crane, Linus Osbom; clerk, M. C. 
Thompson. 

1866 — ^Trustees: J. A. Crawford, A. L. Fairbanks, Thomas Perfect; clerk, 
M. C. Thompson. 

1867 — ^Trustees : J. D. Bowers, Hiram Thomley, Lyman Guilford; clerk, Carso 
Crane. 

1868 — Trustees: M. C. Thompson, J. A. Crawford, J. E. Bonstel; clerk, Carso 
Crane; road supervisors; M. Sexton, William Bowers, James Sams, John Gris- 
wold, G. G. Noyes, William F. Titus.. 

1869 — ^Tmstees: L. N. Pitcher, O. B. Doyle, William Bowers; clerk, J. E. 
Bonstel. 

1870 — ^Tmstees : A. L. Fairbanks, M. C. Thompson, S. M. Cole ; clerk, J. E. 
Bonstel. 



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260 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

1871 — Trustees: John Griswold, Carso Crane, S. M. Cole; cleric, J. E. 
Bonstel. 

1872 — Trustees: R. B. Condit, J. A. Crawford, A. J. Byerly; clerk, J. E. 
Bonstel. 

1873 — Trustees: A. J. Byerly, Patrick Washington, J. S. Condit; clerk, J. E. 
Bonstel. 

1874 — Trustees: Linus Osborn, John Griswold, William Bowers; clerk, S. M. 
Cole. 

1875 — Trustees: William Bowers, John Griswold, Linus Osborn; clerk, S. M. 
Cole. 

1876 — Trustees: Miles Colton, H. H. Monroe, C. P. Atwood; clerk, J. E. 
Bonstel. 

1877 — Trustees: William Bowers, Miles Colton, G. G. Noyes; clerk, J. E. 
Bonstel; road supervisors: George Smedley, George Thomas, O. T. Day, John 
Griswold, H. H. Monroe, L. Guilford, W. G. Gallagher, Rowley. 

1878 — Trustees: H. H. Monroe, William Bowers, John Griswold; clerk, J. E. 
Bonstel ; assessor, Presley Hanna. 

1879 — Trustees: J. A. Crawford, G. G. Noyes, Presl^ Hanna; clerk, J. E. 
Bonstel; assessor, A. L. Fairbanks. 

1880 — Trustees: G. G. Noyes, J. A. Crawford, Presley Hanna; clerk, A. J. 
Byerly; assessor, A. L. Fairbanks. 

1881 — Trustees: J. A. Crawford, P. Hanna, G. G. Noyes; clerk, A. J. Byerly; 
assessor, A. L. Fairbanks. 

1882 — Trustees: G. G. Noyes, J. A. Crawford, P. Hanna; clerk, A. J. Byerly; 
assessor, A. L. Fairbanks ; supervisors : H. B. Benton, C. Thomas, Lyman Guil- 
ford, E. Ketcham, H. H. Monroe, M. W. Gray, S. C. Mayberry, Presley Hanna. 

1883— Trustees: P. Hanna, J. K. Hale, J. A. Crawford; clerk, A. J. Byerly; 
assessor, A. L. Fairbanks. 

1884 — Trustees: J. S. Condit, P. Hanna, J. K. Hale; clerk, A. J. Byerly; 
assessor, A. J. Byerly. 

1885— Trustees : J. K. Hale, J. S. Condit, P. Hanna; clerk, A. J. Byerly; 
assessor, A. J. Byerly. 

1886— Trustees : F. J. Brainard, J. K. Hale, J. S. Condit; clerk, A. J. Byerly; 
assessor, A. J. Byerly. 

1887— Trustees: J. S. Condit, F. J. Brainard, J. K. Hale; clerk, J. E. Bonstel; 
assessor, A. J. Byerly, 

1888— Trustees : J. S. Condit, F. J. Brainard, G. W. Gallagher; clerk, J. E. 
Bonstel ; assessor, A. J. Byerly. 

1889— Trustees : J. K. Hale, William Bowers, J. S. Condit; clerk, C. A. 
Thomas; assessor, G. W. Gallagher. 

1890— Trustees : J. S. Condit, J. K. Hale, E. H. Stacy; clerk, O. B. Fuller; 
assessor, A. J. Byerly. 

1891 — Trustees: J. S. Condit, Arthur Hanna, John K. Hale; clerk, W. A. 
Ladd; assessor, A. J. Byerly. 

1892 — Trustees: A, L. Hanna, John Gerdes, J. S. Condit; clerk. W. A. Ladd; 
assessor. A. J. Byerly. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 261 

1893 — ^Trustees : A. L. Hanna, G. A.- Thomas, John Gerdes ; clerk, H. H 
Monroe; assessor, G. W. Gallagher; justices: N. P. Clark, William Thomas; 
constables : J. S. Condit, Miles Colton. 

1894 — ^Trustees : A. L. Hanna, John Gerdes, George A. Thomas ; clerk, H. H 
Monroe; assessor, G. W. Gallagher; justice, John Ketcham; constables: F. J 
Brainard, J. S. Condit. 

1895 — Trustees: John Gerdes, George A. Thomas, A. L. Hanna; clerk, H. H 
Monroe; assessor, G. W. Gallagher; supervisors: F. J. Brainard, G. A. Thomas^ 
J. J. Hermer, G. G. Ketcham, E. A. Osbom, Will Siebles, C. W. losty, L. J. 
Hanna, Joe Sampica. 

1896 — Trustees: G. A. Thomas, John Gerdes, W. L. Ketcham; clerk, H. H 
Monroe; assessor, G. W. Gallagher. 

1897— Trustees: W. A. Ladd, John Gerdes, G. A. Thomas; clerk, W. W. 
Bray; assessor, W. A. Hale; justices: A. J. Byerly, Miles Colton. 

1898 — Trustees: George Thomas, William A. Ladd, John Gerdes; clerk, 
W. W. Bray; assessor, W. A. Hale. 

1899— Trustees : W. A. Ladd, D. M. Griffin, John Gerdes; clerk, W. W. 
Bray; assessor, William A. Hale; justices: A. H. Morey, Matthew Bruce; con- 
stables : W. A. Ladd, L. D. Gallagher. 

1900— Trustees: W. A. Ladd, D. M. Griffin, John Gerdes; clerk, W. W. 
Bray ; assessor, W. A. Hale. 

1901— Trustees : W. A. Ladd, D. M. Griffin, A. L. Hanna; clerk, W. W. 
Bray; assessor, W. A. Hale. 

1902— Trustees: W. A. Ladd, W. A. Hale, W. L. Ketcham; clerk, W. W. 
Bray ; assessor, W. A. Hale. 

1903— Trustees : W. L. Ketcham, N. P. Dark, J. H. Shields; clerk, D. M. 
Griffin; assessor, W. C. Monroe. 

1904 — Trustees: Mike Marek, N. P. Clark, William A. Hale; clerk, D. M. 
Griffin ; assessor, W. C. Monroe. 

1905— Trustees: N. P. Qark, Mike Marek, W. A. Hale; clerk, D. M. 
Griffin ; assessor, W. C. Monroe. 

1906 — Trustees: N. P. Clark, W. A. Hale, Mike Marek; clerk, W. C. Monroe; 
assessor, W. C. Monroe. 

1907 — Trustees: W. A. Hale, W. W. Wallace, Mike Marek; clerk, L. D. 
Gallagher; assessor, W. C. Monroe. 

1908— Trustees : W. W. Wallace, Mike Marek, E. M. Hanna ; clerk, W. W. 
Bray; assessor, W. C. Monroe. 

1909 — ^Trustees: E. M. Hanna, W. W. Wallace, Mike Marek; clerk, W. W. 
Bray; assessor, N. P. Clark. No justice has qualified. 



CASTLE GROVE TOWNSHIP. 

The northwest township in the county was organized as a separate township 
and called Castle Grove, on January i, 1855, the first township election being 
held on April 2, 1855, at a schoolhouse. This election is more particularly set 
out in connection with the official roster of the township. 



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262 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Castle Grove is one of the fertile agricultural townships of the county. The 
northern part contains some timber lands, but the timber is being n^idly used 
up for fuel. The southern and central part is a splendid farming cotmtry. The 
soil raises large crops and the farm buildings give an air of prosperity and com- 
fort. The people are of various nationalities, the Yankee, the Irishman, and the 
German, mingling freely and in harmony. The inhabitants are thrifty, indus- 
trious and persevering. 

SOME EARLY PIONEERS. 

Among the early settlers of the township, we find the names of the following 
pioneers: Benejah Beardsley and his two sons, Alex and Fred Beardsley; Dan 
Bartholomew, Philip Mitchell, Horace Downer, T. J. Peak, Joshua R. Clark, Isaac 
Avery, Simeon Forman, James McLaughlin, John Drew, Thomas S. Hubbiard, 
Nicholas Miller, Dan Mason, John Ansberry, Addison Smith, William Robinson, 
Lewis Patton, Sam Dickinson, Robert Hogg, John Blanchard, Ira, Uri and Aaron 
Blanchard, George and Joseph Rutherford, Edward Troy, John Stone, Patrick 
Mullady, William and Louis Ainsworth, Robert and John Wilson, Dennis Hogan, 
D. M. Hogan, James Hogan, John Galligan, Patrick Murphy, Patrick Waddick, 
Simon Kehoe, William Kehoe, P. A. Kehoe, John Lahn, James Lahn, Sr. and Jr., 
Kearn Kennedy, John McLees, Thomas and Andrew Cunningham, Horace and 
George Gill, Dan, William and Isaac Orcutt, Americus, Jerome and Oscor Scott, 
Robert and Hugh Howie, Nelson, George and Albert Higby, Robert and Henry 
Henderson, John Heisey, William Rearick, Joshua Witherbee, Chadwicks, 
Squires, Riders, Deischers, Slade, Crawls, Highs and others. 

The township of Castle Grove has had several places within her borders where 
there were headquarters, but no place has approached the dignity of a town. 
Sumner was platted by Horace Downer in June, 1855, but the development of 
the place was limited to a postoflfice, with perhaps a store and blacksmith shop. 
This platted portion of the township was in the central part of section 14. Hor- 
ace Downer was commissioned postmaster of Downerville, September 26, 1870, 
and the office was discontinued in January, 1872. Albert Higby had a general 
store at Sumner in an early day. H. Crosby was one of the early store keepers. 
A man named Regor had a blacksmith and repair shop. Tarbor had a shoe repair 
shop. Horace Downer operated a steam sawmill. 

THE POSTOFFICES. 

The Castle Grove postoffice was among the first established in the county. 
Benejah Beardsley was commissioned to conduct a postoffice by this name on 
February 17, 185 1. No one disputed his right to the emoluments of this posi- 
tion until December 19, 1859, when Joshua Witherbee received the appointment. 
Benejah Beardsley however soon regained possession of the office by appoint- 
ment on June 23, i860. On July 11, 1861, William Peak received the appoint- 
ment only to occupy the office for a few months, for we find that on Decem- 
ber 23, 1861, the Castle Grove Postoffice was discontinued. On February 10, 
1862, the office was reestablished, and William M. Starr was the man in charge. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 263 

Again on December 29, 1865, the office was discontinued. After a short period, 
the office was again reestablished on March 30, 1868 with Jacob A, Ommen as 
postmaster. Mr. Ommen was followed in succession by Jacob Leesekamp, Octo- 
ber 26, 1874; Miss Alice Gadmer, June ist, 1876; James King, March 28th, 
1879; Amy Hibbard, January 16, 1882; Charles C. Scott, February 24, 1882; 
Howard M. Scott, April 26, 1883; John A. Wright, February 10, 1887; Harm 
Rickels, November 26, 1887. The office was finally discontinued November 24, 
1903, the mail being directed to Monticello and delivered on the rural mail routes 
which were established about that time. 

A postoffice had been established at Benejah Beardsley's in 1848 or 1849, *he 
mail being carried on the route from Anamosa to Delhi. This office was dis- 
continued before the war. 

The Argand postoffice, in the northwest part of the township was established 
May 7, 1880, with John H. Hopkins as the postmaster. On December 7, 1883, 
Edward Turner received the appointment. April 12, 1889, Matthew Murphy 
was commissioned to act for Uncle Sam. August 15, 1891, Edward J. McDon- 
ald became the local Nasby, and on June 15, 1892, he was succeeded by Arthur 
McDonald. The office was discontinued November 16, 1899. 

THE MILL. 

The Castle Grove Mill was located in the northeastern part of the township 
and was built about 1872, by Levi Berlin and Samuel Stambaugh. This was a 
grist and flouring mill. The mill was erected at a cost of about ten thousand 
dollars. The capacity of the mill was said to be about one hundred bushels of 
wheat per day. 

THE SCHOOLS. 

Castle Grove Township is as well equipped with education advantages for 
the children as any of the country districts of the county. On July I, 1868, we 
find County Superintendent Stillman reports seven schools in the township with 
an aggregate attendance of one hundred and seventy-two scholars. District 
number one at Grove Creek, taught by Miss Sadie Berlin, had thiry-six scholars ; 
number two, Miss Agnes Matthews, twenty-five pupils; number three. Miss 
Jannette Springer, twenty-six pupils ; number four, Miss Carrie Springer, twenty- 
eight scholars; number five, Miss Lucy Butterfield, seventeen pupils; number 
six. Miss Alice Ke^oe, thirty pupils; number seven. Miss Mary McLees, ten 
scholars. Further information of the Castle Grove schools at the present time 
will be found on another page under the title of "Educational." 

The population of the township according to the i860 census was five hun- 
dred and fifty-nine, which in the census of 1905, has increased to seven hundred 
and one. 

THE DOWNERVILLE COOPERATIVE CREAMERY COMPANY. 

This once flourishing dairy institution was organized September 2, 1892, 
and for a number of years was one of the most successful organizations ever 
existing in the township. The first ofiicers of the mutual company were : presi- 



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264 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

dent, J. A. McLaughlin; vice president, E. M. Moore; secretary, James F. Laude; 
treasurer, A. W. Cramer. 

The original stockholders in the company were: J. F. Laude, J. A, Howie, 
J. A. McLaughlin, William Galligan, Farney Brothers, Levi Berlin, Thomas 
Rearick, E. M. Moore, Romaine Shear, L. Welch, E. E. Orcutt, Frank Howie, 
Charles Howie, A. W. Cramer, F. D. McLaughlin, D. M. Hogan, John Burrack, 
Patrick Hogan, Joseph O'Rourke, John M. Lang, William Kehoe, John McLees, 
O. F. Hosford, John L. Graves, John Haley, Michael Haley, James Haley, C. T. 
Berlin, Louis Reager, M. McLaughlin, Arthur Fairbanks, P. H. Evers, Jacob Zim- 
merman, John Delay, Leslie Orcutt, F. T. Zimmerman, Peter Drees, E. A. Clark, 
J. F. Delay, G. N. Harken, A. F. M. Casper, A. Goodinkoflf, D. E. Kehoe, A. M. 
Fairbanks, M. Mutzenburg, J. D. Poppe, J. B. Hoss, C. A. Thomas, Krueger 
Brothers, L. G. Hildreth, G. Zimmerman, D. W. Cunningham, James McLees, 
J. D. Qark, C. A. Fairbanks, George Gill, John Holler, Rank Filers, Ed Harms, 
Pat Kehoe, F. Jossie, James Galligan, John Rickels, M. Nickel, John Hubbard, 
John Gillen, J. K. Heikem, F. Hadden. 

The new company began business about January i, 1893, and continued to 
operate the creamery which had been erected at Downertown in section 14, until 
about 1900, when the business was closed up, due to some dissatisfaction that had 
arisen. The creamery was later leased to a party from Waterloo who conducted 
the business a short time and then sub-let it to D. L. Brundage of Cleveland, 
Ohio. Under this management the business was conducted for a short time, 
and again the creamery was shut down. Some of the former stockholders of the 
cooperative company then hired C. R. Wilder as butter maker and the business 
opened up for a short time. In September, 1905, C. R. Wilder leased the cream- 
ery plant and has since conducted the creamery business with quite general sat- 
isfaction to the patrons. 

THE CASTLE GROVE MUTUAL TELEPHONE COMPANY. 

This local mutual telephone company was organized in 1901, with E. J. Noble, 
president ; vice president, S. M. Hosford ; secretary, John Deischer and treasurer, 
James Howie. About this time the Jones County Telephone Company began 
to string its wires over the county, and the local organization subsided. 

farmers' mutual insurance association of CASTLE GROVE. 

This mutual fire insurance association was organized December 17, 1907, but it 
was not until March 7, 1908, that the new organization began its business. The 
officers and directors were elected and the Articles of Incorporation adopted. 
J. A. McLaughlin was elected president; vice president, Andrew Davidson, 
secretary, S. M. Hosford; treasurer, J. A. Howie; directors: James Hogan, J. A. 
McLaughlin, Dennis Delay, J. A. Howie, Andrew Davidson; adjusters: Arthur 
Fairbanks, E. J. Noble, T. F. Kehoe. These are also the present officers of the 
association. 

The object of the association as stated in its articles of incorporation, is as 
follows : *The purpose of this corporation will be for its members to enter into 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 265 

contracts to and with each other for their insurance from loss or damage from 
fire and lightning, of the property owned by its members, and which shall be 
designated in the contracts and policies. But this association or corporation shall 
in no case insure any property not owned by one of its own members, and its 
insurance shall be exclusive and not concurrent with other insurance compan- 
ies, and the reinsurance of risks of similar associations. And the territory within 
which this corporation does business shall be confined to Jones county and the 
counties contiguous thereto." 

Those who became charter members of the association are: M. F. Byrne, 
Black Brothers, P. E. Black, Mrs. James Crowley, Maurice Cashman, Patrick 
Crowley, J. B. Black, Est., William Crowley, Andrew Davidson, Dennis Delay, 
James F. Delay, Roy Dighton, Henry L. Evans, J. M. Evers, John L. Evers, 
P. H. Evers, W. P. Fleming, Thomas Fleming, A. M. Fairbanks, Arthur Fair- 
banks, A. L. Fairbanks, John Gavin, James Hogan, D. J. Hogan, Mrs. M. Hogan, 
W. F. Hinty, W. L. Himes, John Hennessey, G. J. Heiken, Michael Haley, Laur- 
ence Haley, James Haley, Patrick Hogan, S. M. Hosfofd, O. F. Hosford, J. A. 
Hubbard, J. A. Howie, Frank Howie, S. B. King, Mrs. S. Kehoe, W. T. Kehoe, 
Peter J. Kehoe, Thomas F. Kehoe, John H. Lubben, Pat Leonard, Thomas 
E. McAleer, Stephen A. McAleer, John McCrea, Art McDonald, M. and F. D. 
McLaughlin, J. A. McLaughlin, George McLees, M. S. Murphy, E. J. Noble, 
E. E. Orcutt, Joe O'Rourke, P. C. Smith, Thomas Supple, Martin Trimble, 
Charles B. Wemimont, John Burrack. These sixty-one original policies repre- 
sented risks amounting to ninety-one thousand, four hundred and eighty-one 
dollars. 

At the end of the first year of business, there were eighty-two members and 
risks amounting to nearly one hundred and seventy thousand dollars. The asso- 
ciation is increasing in membership and in the volume of business. The secre- 
tary is one of the hustling and wide-a-wake young men of the township, and the 
members are the substantial land and property owners of the community. 

On October i, 1909, this insurance company had risks in force in the amount 
of two hundred and thirty-seven thousand, nine hundred and forty-four dol- 
lars. The losses paid to date, one hundred and forty-two dollars and seventy- 
five cents. There were an even one hundred members in the association October 
I, 1909. 

PENIEL PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF CASTLE GROVE. 

In May, 1900. Rev. S. R. Ferguson, missionary of the Presbyterian church 
in Iowa, with the assistance of Rev. J. W. Innes, pastor of the Presbyterian 
church of Monticello, organized two Sabbath-schools in Castle Grove township; 
one at the Moore school, and the other at the Deer Creek Schoolhouse. 

On September 2nd of the same year. Captain A. R. 0*Brien of Lemars, Iowa, 
under the direction of the Presbyterian Board of Sabbath-school Work, began a 
series of evangelical meetings in a tent pitched near the home of James A. Howie. 
Captain O'Brien was assisted in the meetings by the singers. Miss Rosetta Day 
of Maynard and Mr. C. B. Harvey of Independence, Iowa. The meetings con- 
tinued for some weeks with good results. 



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266 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

On Monday night, October i, 1900, the people voted to ask the Cedar Rapids 
Presbytery for the organization of a Presbyterian church in Castle Grove. Ori 
Monday evening, October 8, 1900, the church was organized by a committee of 
Presbytery with the following charter members : Mrs. James A. Howie, Frank 
Howie, Mrs. Frank Howie, John W. Gilligan, Fannie Gilligan, Mrs. Dorothy 
Cunningham, Romaine Shear, Mrs. Ada Shear, Alfred Laude, Margaret Noble, 
Kate E. Hall, Mrs. Eliza Moore, Mrs. J. A. Hubbard, Charles Howie, Mrs. 
Charles Howie, Donald Barclay, Elmer E. Orcutt, Mrs. Kathryn Orcutt, Elmer 
J. Noble, Mrs. Elmer Noble, Henry Evans, Pearl Orcutt, Florence Hubbard, 
Lulu Howie, Blanche Noble, Elsie C. Noble, Grace D. Noble, Lena Quabet, 
Rosa Moore and Lotta Laude. 

Plans were immediately projected for the erection of a chapel. Mr. Robert 
Howie presented to the Presbyterian board of the church, the present church 
site, and the building was begun in the fall of 1900. On March 3, 1901, the 
chapel was dedicated by Rev. C. H. Purmort of the Cedar Rapids Presbytery. 

The first elders of the new church were : E. E. Orcutt, J. W. GiUilan and E. J. 
Noble ; and the first trustees : A. W. Cramer, J. A. Howie, Mrs. Margaret Noble. 
The present elders: William F. Hintz, Frank M. Benedict and Elmer J. Noble; 
and the present trustees : John Lubben, Frank M. Benedict and James A. Howie. 
A flourishing Sunday-school is maintained with William F. Hintz as superintend- 
ent and Miss Hazel Hubbard, secretary. Rev. J. W. Parkhill of Lenox College, 
Hopkinton, Iowa, is serving the church very acceptably at present as a stated 
supply. 

THE EVANGELICAL CHURCH. 

This religious organization began its historic existence in 1855, under the 
ministrations of Rev. John Miller. Daniel High was the first class leader. The 
church building was erected in 1876 at a cost of one thousand, four hundred dol- 
lars, and yet stands as a monument of the energy and enthusiasm of its members 
at that time. The membership was not large, but it was composed of active, 
zealous and loyal workers in the cause. The first trustees were Daniel Deischer, 
Henry Heisy, John Heisy, John Wint and Benjamin Rider. Later trustees were 
Benjamin Rider, Daniel Deischer, John Heisey, John Kline and Madison Franks. 
The removal of its members several years ago, caused. the organization to de- 
cline. No services have been held in the church building for over ten years, 
though the building yet stands in the southwest part of the township on section 
39- 

CASTLE GROVE BAPTIST CHURCH. 

The Baptist church was organized in Castle Grove on the 5th of July, 1874. 
James Starr was elected clerk and B. F. Searles and Jerome Scott, were chosen 
deacons. The church edifice was dedicated September 26, 1876. Some of the 
pastors have been : Revs. J. W. Thompson, L. H. Thompson, W. C. Archer, J. G. 
Johnson. The organization only lived a few years, and had erected a neat church 
building on a commanding spot in section 21. The building was sold to the Ger- 
man Lutheran Society in 1884 and is now used and maintained for church pur- 
poses by that society. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 269 

THE GERMAN LUTHERAN CHURCH. 

The German Evangelical Lutheran Peter and Paul's church to Castle Grove 
was organized November lo, 1884, with the following officers: Trustees: John 
Stadtmueller, Peter Ommen and Henry Heiken ; deacon, Gerd J. Rickels ; secre- 
tary, John Stadtmueller ; treasurer, Gerd J. Rickels. The pastor was Rev. Mardorf . 
On November 15, 1884, the newly organized society purchased the Baptist church 
building for five hundred dollars and this building and property is now being 
maintained by the German society. 

The present officers are: Trustees: Harm Rickels, John Siebels, William 
Tutken; deacons: Thomas Ulrich, Eibo Eiben; organist, Mrs. Close Willms; 
secretary, A. F. ^^. Casper ; pastor. Rev. Hans Naether. There are about fifty 
members at present, and the outside appearance of the church at least indicates 
prosperity. Regular services are held and the work of the church is flourishing. 

THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. 

A full and complete history of the Catholic church of Castle Grove may be 
found under the title of the Catholic church in Jones county. 

OFFICIAL ROSTER, CASTLE GROVE TOWNSHIP. 

The first election of officers in Castle Grove township was held at the school- 
house near Mr. Beardsley's on the 2nd day of April, 1855. John Scott was 
chairman of the meeting called to organize the township and for the election 
of officers. John Scott, Horace Downer and Ezra C. Springer were chosen as 
judges of election, and Thomas S. Hubbard and Albert Higby, clerks of election. 

At the election held on that date, the following persons were voted for as 
candidates for the respective offices, together with the number of votes each 
received : 

Trustees : John Scott, forty-two ; Horace Downer, thirty-six ; Thomas J. Peak, 
thirty-eight; Ezra Springer, six; Thomas S. Hubbard, seven; Samuel J. Clark 
and Albert Higby, one each. 

For Qerk: Monroe Scott, three; Albert Higby, thirty-nine; John Stone, 
one. 

For Assessor: John Scott, thirty-two; Horace Downer, twelve; J. B. Scott, 
three; Thomas J. Peak, seven. 

Justices: Thomas S. Hubbard, twenty-seven; Frederick Beardsley, thirty- 
five ; Horace Downer, four ; John Scott, twenty-flve ; J. B. Scott, one. 

Constables: A. G. Beardsley, forty-one; James M. Scott, forty-one; Thomas 
Healy, one. 

Supervisors of Highways: Thomas S. Hubbard, thirty-three; William Ains- 
wbrth. thirty-three ; M. Scott, five ; J. Scott and P. Mitchell, one each. 

For the prohibitory law : For, nineteen ; against, thirty-two. 

For the hog law : For, thirty-nine ; against, ten. 

For the sheep law : For, thirty ; against, sixteen. 



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270 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

1855 — ^Trustees: John Scott, Horace Downer, Thomas J. Peak; clerk, Albert 
Higby; assessor, John Scott; justices: Thomas S. Hubbard, Frederick Beardsley; 
constables: A. G. Beardsley, James M. Scott. 

1856 — Trustees: Thomas J. Peak, Horace Downer, Philip Mitchell; clerk, 
George Higby; assessor, Thomas J. Peak; justices: Thomas S. Hubbard, F. F. 
Beardsley; constables: Alexander G. Beardsley, Nelson W. Tracy; road super- 
visors: Thomas S. Hubbard, John McConnon, S. M. Stewart. 

1857 — Trustees: Horace Gill, Philip Mitchell, Horace Downer; clerk, George 
Higby; assessor, Thomas J. Peak; constables: N. W. Tracy, Norman Water- 
house; supervisors: David Morse, F. F. Beardsley, Robert Wilson. 

1858 — ^Trustees: Philip Mitchell, Horace W. Gill, J. C. Cooper; clerk, George 
Higby; justices: Thomas S. Hubbard, Thomas J. Peak; constables: Nelson W. 
Tracy, John A. Field; supervisors: Nathan Crouch, John Ingram, Samuel 
Clark. 

1859— Trustees • Horace W. Gill, Philip Mitchell, Robert Wilson ; clerk, J. C 
Cooper; assessor, Thomas J. Peak; justices: Thomas J. Peak, Horace Gill; con- 
stables: Rosolvo Rice, N. W. Tracy; supervisors: E. Troy, George Gates, Gideon 
Slade, Lewis Ainsworth, Jonathan Drew, Daniel Deischer, Hume Twamley. 

i860 — ^Trustees : John McConnon, Philip Mitchell, John McLees ; clerk, J. C. 
Cooper; assessor, Henry Henderson; justice, Timothy Caswell; constables: 
George A. Gill, John Delay ; supervisors : T. Caswell, G. M. Gates, J. Neal, John 
McConnon, Joshua R. Lathrop, George A. Gill, Henry Heisey. 

1861 — Trustees: John McConnon, John McLees, J. S. Lathrop; clerk, Levi 
Lindsey; assessor, Henry Henderson; justices: William M. Starr, J. M. Wilson; 
constables : Simeon Freeman, George A. Gill ; supervisors : S. M. Stewart, Michael 
Hogan, George Ketcham, James Campbell, Horace W. Gill, Daniel Deischer. 

1862 — Trustees: Robert Henderson, N. F. Higby, B. A. Shepard; clerk, H. 
Henderson ; assessor, John Galligan ; supervisors, S. M. Stewart, Dennis McCor- 
mack, L. F. Scott, G. Farnham, Joshua S. Lathrop, George A. Gill, Jonathan 
Motter. 

1863— Trustees : S. M. Stewart, H. Gill, J. S. Lathrop; clerk, Thomas S. 
Hubbard; assessor, Henry Henderson; justices: C. J. Stephenson, D. M. Hogan; 
constables : George Butterfield, David Dexter ; county supervisor, Leman Palmer ; 
road supervisors : John McLees, P. Mullady, Simeon Kehoe, L. F. Scott, P. Mit- 
chell, David Morse, William Titus, A. H. Dow. 

1864 — Trustees: S. M. Stewart, H. W. Gill, Joshua Lathrop; clerk, Thomas 
S. Hubbard; assessor, Henry Henderson. 

1865 — Trustees: Horace M. Downer, Daniel S. Hosford, Joshua S. Lathrop; 
assessor, Henry Henderson. 

1866 — Trustees : D. S. Hosford, E. D. Eberhart, H. M. Downer ; clerk, Thomas 
S. Hubbard; assessor, Henry Henderson; constables: H. Stewart, Robert Den- 
nison; supervisors: S. M. Stewart; Simeon Kehoe, J. McLees, George Butter- 
field, David Morse, Abram Geht, Henry Heisey, John Delay, Thomas Haley. 

1867 — Trustees: S. J. Tucker, William Starr, J. P. Shreck; clerk, Thomas 
S. Hubbard ; assessor, Henry Henderson ; justices : Thomas S. Hubbard, Bradley 
Stewart ; constables : Henry Stewart, David Sumnerville. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 271 

1868 — Trustees: J. S. Lathrop, S. J. Tucker, J. P. Shreck; clerk, Thomas 
S. Hubbard; assessor, John Wilson; constables: P. Hopkins, George Church. 

1869 — Trustees: Daniel Deischer, John Wilson, J. S. Lathrop; clerk, Thomas 
S. Hubbard; assessor, S. J. Tucker; collector, S. J. Tucker; justices: Thomas 
S. Hubbard, J. P. Shreck. 

1870 — Trustees: H. M. Downer, H. Heisey, D. Sumnerville; clerk, Thomas 
S. Hubbard ; assessor, S. J. Tucker ; county supervisor, Joshua S. Lathrop ; con- 
stables: William White, H. Rastede; supervisors: E. Troy, William Kehoe, 
Henry Henderson, H. M. Downer, S. J. Tucker, A. Geht, H. Heisey, John Delay, 
J. Neil. 

1871 — ^Trustees: David Morse, Henry Heisey, H. M. Downer; clerk Thomas 
S. Hubbard; assessor, S. J. Tucker; justices: T. S. Hubbard, Henry Henderson; 
road supervisors: Levi Berlin, S. H. Smith, John McLaughlin, Lucius Allen, 
Robert Howie, John Delay, L. Ainsworth, William Starr, A. Harvey. 

1872 — ^Tnistees: John Delay, John McLees, John Cramer; clerk, Dennis 
M. Hogan; assessor, AL McLaughlin; collector, John McLaughlin; road super- 
visors: H. B. Hubbard, P. Waddick, H. Henderson, George Springer, David 
Morse, Isaac Orcutt, A. V. Scott, John Delay, E. Krueger, A. Harmes. 

1873 — Trustees: John Galligan, John Cramer, J. B. Scott; clerk, D. M. 
Hogan ; assessor, James Riley ; collector, George Kennedy ; justices : Nicholas 
Kehoe, John Fields. 

1874 — ^Trustees : H. M. Downer, S. H. Smith, John McLaughlin ; clerk Mich- 
ael McLaughlin ; assessor, William Wilson ; collector, Thomas A. King. 

1875 — ^Trustees: John Galligan, S. H. Smith, H. M. Downer; clerk, Henry 
Henderson; assessor, T. A. King; justices: J. A. Fields, N. Kehoe; constables: 
E. F. Hubbard, E. Moore ; road supervisors : E. Long, P. A. Kehoe, L. Ainsworth, 
A. Cramer, D. Morse, M. McLaughlin, A. Scott, P. A. Hogan, Sol Merriman, 
A. Danks, Thomas Haley. 

1876 — ^Trustees : A. Ommer, Henry Henderson, John Galligan ; clerk, D. M. 
Hogan ; assessor, John Cramer ; collector, James Riley. 

1877 — Trustees: John Galligan, John Delay, D. E. Hogan; clerk, D. M. 
Hogan; assessor, John A. Cramer; collector, L. F. Scott; constables, Dennis 
Delay, D. M. Hogan ; justices, Thomas Cunningham, N. Kehoe. 

1878— Trustees : H. B. Eberhart, J. H. Cramer, M. McLaughlin ; clerk, H. M. 
Downer; assessor, R. A. Standish ; justices, Thomas S. Hubbard, James Riley, 
constables, James Lane, Alfred Kepperd. 

1879 — ^Trustees : H. B. Eberhart, George A. Gill, M. McLaughlin ; clerk, H. M. 
Downer; assessor, J. H. Cramer; justices: T. S. Hubbard, J. H. Riley; con- 
stables : C. F. Hubbard, Ed Moore. 

1880 — Trustees: George A. Gill, M. McLaughlin, H. B. Eberhart; clerk, 
H. M. Downer; assessor, J. H. Cramer; collector, N. B. Scott; road supervisors: 
R. Eberhart, James London, Thomas Kennedy, J. H. Cramer, Ed Mundock, 
Michael Berlin, Henry Heisey, John Delay, Thomas Rearick, W. M. Starr, 
Allison Danks. 

1881 — Trustees : James F. Laude, M. McLaughlin, George A. Gill ; clerk, H. 
M. Downer: assessor, J. H. Cramer; collector, John Stadtmueller ; justices: 
M. McLaughlin, John Wint; constables: E. M. Moore, F. Kromminga, 



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272 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

1882 — Trustees: Henry Henderson, M. McLaughlin, George A. Gill; clerk, 
Moses Campbell; assessor, F. A. Scott; justices: H. M. Downer, George A. 
Gill ; collector, John Stadtmueller. 

1883 — ^Trustees: John Galligan, Bentley Clark, James F. Laude; clerk, Moses 
Campbell; justices: D. M. Hogan, Joseph King; assessor, George Kennedy. 

1884 — Trustees: William Kehoe, John Galligan, John Stadtmueller; clerk, 
Moses Campbell; justices: Archie W. Cramer, Moses Waddick; constables: Frank 
McDonald, William A. Hogan. 

1885 — ^Trustees: John Stadtmueller, John Galligan, William Kehoe; clerk, 
Moses Campbell; assessor, J. B. Clark; justices, Moses Waddick, Henry Hender- 
son: road supervisors: James Delay, Moses Waddick, Patrick Church, J. A. 
McLaughlin, Calvin Berlin, Robert Howie, Henry Henderson, John Delay, 
Charles Curtis, J. G. Rickels, F. Kromminga. 

1886 — Trustees: A. W. Cramer, John Stadtmueller, William Kehoe; clerk, 
Moses Campbell; assessor, Moses Campbell; justice, L. F. Scott; -constables: 
James Howie, David Lundon. 

1887 — Trustees: William Kehoe, James Howie, A. W. Cramer; clerk, Wil- 
liam A. Hogan; assessor, William G. Wales; justices: M. A. Waddick, John 
Stadtmueller; constables, David Church, M. Kennedy. 

1888 — Trustees: William Kehoe, James Howie, A. W. Cramer; clerk, J. C. 
McLees. 

1889 — Trustees: James Howie, A. W. Cramer, W. F. Kehoe; clerk, J. C. 
McLees; assessor, W. G. Wales; justices, M. A. Waddick, N. Gadmer; con- 
stables : John Haley, W. C. Kehoe. 

1890 — Trustees: James Howie, Nicholas Kehoe, A. W. Cramer; clerk, J. C. 
McLees; justice, Frank McAleer; supervisors: Levi Berlin, M. A. Waddick, 
William Krueger, Elmer Noble, John Fahrni. 

i8qi — Trustees: James Howie, Nicholas Kehoe, Joseph King; clerk, J. C. 
McLees : assessor, William G. Wales ; constables, W. C. Kehoe. John Haley. 

1892 — Trustees: Matt Miller, Joseph King, Nicholas Kehoe; clerk, James 
McLees; assessor, A. W. Cramer; justices, George McLees, Paul Black. 

1893 — Trustees: H. Rickels. J. M. King, A. W. Cramer; clerk, J. C. McLees; 
assessor. W. F. Kehoe; supervisors: Fred Youssee, W. C. Kehoe, John Lange, 
A. W. Cramer, Grant Gill, John Burrack, Harm Rickels, Ed Harms. 

1894 — Trustees: J. M. King, N. Kehoe, A. W. Cramer; clerk, J. C. McLees; 
constable, M. Kennedy; assessor, W. F. Kehoe. 

1895 — ^Trustees: J. A, Howie, N. Kehoe, A. W. Cramer; clerk, J. C. McLees; 
assessor, F. D. McLaughlin ; supervisors : Fred Jossie, P. A. Kehoe, O. F. Hos- 
ford, E. M. Moore, Ed. Oark, Frank Howie, Albert Heiken, John Burrack, 
J. D. Poppe, J. D. Cunningham, Ed Harms. 

T896--Trustees : A. W. Cramer, J. H. Howie, Nicholas Kehoe; clerk, J. C. 
McLees; assessor, F. D. McLaughlin; justice, P. E. Black; constables: L. P. 
Waddick, George Miller. 

1897 — Trustees: J. A. Howie, A. W. Cramer, N. Kehoe; clerk, J. C. McLccs. 

1898 — Trustees: M. A. Waddick, A. W. Cramer, N. Kehoe; clerk, J. C 
McLees ; justices, John Stadtmueller, W. F. Smith ; constables : D. Ctmningham. 
A. McDonald. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 273 

1899 — Trustees: A. W. Cramer, Folkert Hedden, Matt Miller; clerk, J. C. 
McLees ; assessor, Harm Rickels ; constables : Frank Welch, Frank Miller. 

1900 — ^Trustees: James Hogan, A. W. Cramer, Frank Hedden; clerk, J. C. 
McLees ; assessor, M. A. Waddick ; justice, E. C. Orcutt ; constables : John Brown, 
W. A. Krueger; supervisors; Arthur Fairbanks, John Lubben, Albert Heiken, 
Jr., John Burrack, A. V. Scott, F. D. McLaughlin, Chris Schatz, Peter J. Kehoe, 
J. C. McLees. 

1901 — Trustees: James Hogan, J. A. Howie, J. C. McLees: clerk, A. W. 
Cramer; assessor, S. M. Hosford; justices Ed. Qark, Samuel Pfeil; constables; 
John Brown, M. F. Byrne. 

1902 — Trustees: A. L. Fairbanks, John Burrack, James Hogan; clerk, A. W. 
Cramer ; assessor, S. M. Hosford ; supervisors : D. J. Hogan, W. C. Kehoe, S. M, 
Hosford, G. Neiderhauser, John H. Lubben, Frank Howie, Will LeQere, John 
Delay, Albert Heiken, Austin Stadtmueller. 

1903 — Trustees: James Hogan, Arthur Fairbanks, John Burrack; clerk, W. 
A. Hogan; assessor, M. A. Waddick; justices: H. C. Bohlken, J. H. Lubben; 
constables: M. Haley, Lowell Black. 

1904 — Trustees: Arthur Fairbanks, James Hogan, John Burrack; clerk, J. B. 
Qark. 

1905 — Trustees: James Hogan, John Burrack, Arthur Fairbanks; clerk, J. B. 
Qark. 

1906 — ^Trustees : John Burrack, W. T. Kehoe, Arthur Fairbanks ; clerk. Ford 
Clark; superintendents of road districts: Charles Howie, N. E.; E. F. Eiben, 
S. E.; M. J. Hogan. N. W.; J. A. Heiken, S. W. 

1907 — ^Trustees : John Burrack, W. T. Kehoe, Arthur Fairbanks ; clerk. Ford 
Qark; assessor, P'red Cramer; justices, William Waddick, Henry Bohlken. 

1908 — ^Trustees: Arthur Fairbanks, W. T. Kehoe, John Burradc; clerk. Ford 
Qark; assessor, Fred Cramer. 

1909 — ^Trustees: E. F. Eiben, James McLees, M. A. Waddick; clerk, James 
F. Hogan ; assessor, Fred Cramer. 



CLAY TOWNSHIP. 

AN HONORED RESIDENT AND PIONEER. 

A history of Qay township without more than a passing reference to her 
first citizen, Hon. John Russell, would be lacking in one of its distinguishing 
features. It has been alloted to few men during their life-time, to be entrusted 
with the political confidences of the people to a greater dq^ree than that accorded 
to this honored citizen of the county and late resident of Clay township. He 
was bom in Fifeshire, Scotland, October 8, 1821, and was a son of Robert and 
Mary Williams Russell. He came to America in May, 1842, and immediately 
proceeded to Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, where he remained about a year working 
at his trade, that of stone mason, on the new city waterworks then being built. 
In 1843, he entered the commercial business in Columbiana county, Ohio, and 



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274 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

remained in this occupation until 1852. On November 29, 1849, John Russell 
was married to Miss Margaret Feehan. In 1852, he came west and located on 
the farm in Clay township, Jones county, which remained his home until his death, 
which occurred October 10, 1908. 

John Russell was the first clerk of Clay township. He was later elected a 
member of the general assembly of Iowa, and as representative from Jones county, 
served five consecutive terms, the longest continuous service in the history of the 
county. In 1868, he was elected speaker of the house. In 1870, he was elected 
state auditor, and in 1872, was reelected to the same office by a flattering majority. 
In October, 1879, he was elected state senator from Jones and Cedar counties, 
and served four years in this capacity. He then retired to private life on his 
farm in Clay township. 

As a public man, Mr. Russell's strength did not lie in oratory or in literary 
display. His strength and popularity was founded on the simplicity of his life, 
his devotedness to the cause of the people, and his practical common sense. Per- 
sonally plain but affable, unassuming but trustworthy, gentle in manner, kind and 
hospitable by nature, he has been crowned with the laurels of honor, and has 
enjoyed the proud title of "Honest John." 

On October 10, 1908, after a continuous residence of fifty-six years in Clay 
township, Hon. John Russell was called to his eternal home, and his body laid 
to rest in the Wyoming cemetery. Honored in life, his memory is revered in 
death. He brought honor to Jones county and distinction to Clay township, and 
the sacred spot where his ashes lie buried, will be surrounded by hallowed mem- 
ories and cherished by an appreciative people. 

EARLY SETTLEMENT AND HISTORY. 

Clay township compares favorably with other townships in Jones county. 
The inhabitants are industrious, thrifty and intelligent. The land is rather more 
hilly than Wayne township, for example, but is less so than Washington or 
Richland. The east and north sides of the township has more or less timber land, 
but this is rapidly being cut off and the land being cultivated. The southwestern 
part of the township contains more level prairie land. 

The first permanent settlers of Oay township were David Killam, John E. 
Holmes, Benjamin Collins, Truman Brown and Madison Brown. These, it is 
said, were here before 1838. John E. Lovejoy, later of Scotch Grove, came in 
1839; P. D. Turner and Horace Turner came the same year, and in the following 
spring. Lyman Turner, their father, made this township his home. From 1840 
to 1850, a few settlers came in. but in the latter year, the tide of emigrants which 
came pouring west, reached that place, and Qay township was rapidly settled 
from that time on. In i860 the population of the township was six hundred and 
thirty-three. The population according to the 1905 census was six hundred and 
twenty-six. 

Numbered among the early settlers of the township, in addition to those 
named were : John French, Thomas Moran, Henry Carter, John Dennison, Wil- 
liam Eckler, M. C. Walters, Tommy Hanna, George Delong. Joseph Tomlinson, 
Silas Conklin, Thuel and Aaron French, Richardson, Christopher Lawless, 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 275 

John Russell, Bead Johnston, Patrick Flannigan, Malachi Kelly, Patrick Donahue, 
Michael (or Soldier) Kelly, Thomas CuUigan, Peter DeWitt, Isaac DeWitt, 
John Ormsby, Japeth Ingraham, Alex Delong, Jesse Davis, Samuel C. Reid, 
William Reade, Enoch Reade, Louis Reade, John Jenkins, Sloan Hamilton, John 
Barclay, James Kirkpatrick, Samuel B. Reid, Andrew Duncanson, Andrew 
Scroggie, Patrick O'Brien, James L. Hall. There were also "Timber" Dan 
Bamhill and "Prairie" Don Bamhill, being named from the location of their 
residence; "Grey" John Supple and "Black" John Supple, the one driving a 
team of grey horses, the other a team of black horses. 

Of all the names here given, William Eckler is the only one now living in 
Qay township. John Dennison lives near Onslow. John Russell died in Octo- 
ber, 1908. Samuel B. Reid died in October, 1909. James Kirkpatrick lives 
in Onslow as also does Joseph Tomlinson. M. C. Walters died in the spring of 
1909. 

William Eckler came to Jones county first in 185 1, but returned to New York 
state and in the year following, in company with his family and M. C. Walters 
and family, came to Jones county and made the frontier land their permanent 
home. ]\Ir. Eckler has resided in the township continuously ever since. 

CLAY MILLS. 

This once .busy center, began its existence about 1852. In that year, the 
spot in section 10 which afterward became a village, was inhabited, but it was 
not until the year 1853 or 1854 that William Eckler and James Hall erected the 
dam on the Maquoketa river and built the sawmill. This was run by water power. 
About 1863 or 1864, William Eckler and M. C. Walters built a steam mill which 
was then used for a sawmill, the old water mill about that time being fitted up 
for a grist mill. Both of these mills were famiHar places to the older settlers of 
Clay township. It was these mills that made Clay Mills a place on the map and 
gave the spot the name of village. The village went by the name of Farm Creek 
as well as Clay Mills. M. C. Walters kept the first store, and in fact the only 
store. James Halland William Eckler built the first houses. On May 30, 1867, 
the plat of the village was filed for record. 

CLAY MILLS POSTOFFICE. 

On November 7, 1863, the postoffice was established at Clay Mills, with 
Myron C. Walters as postmaster. Mr. Walters was reappointed November 19, 
1888, and on December 24, 1900, upon the removal of Mr. Walters from the 
village, William N. Tippett, was commissioned postmaster. The office was dis- 
continued February 28, 1902. At this time the rural route from Onslow was 
established. The mail to the Qay Mills postoffice was carried on the mail route 
from Onslow to Cascade. 

OTHER MILL HISTORY. 

Mineral Creek which runs in an easterly direction through the southern 
part of Clay township, also claims some honors in the erection of saw and grist- 
mills in the early history of the township. 



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276 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

At the bottom of what is familiarly known as Vassar Hill once stood a mill 
of some prominence. In the summer of 1852, Joel B. Taylor built a sawmill on 
Mineral Creek on the south side of the creek and on the west side of the road. 
It was a one and a half story building and was fully equipped with a Mulay 
saw, the only saw in the mill. The lumber in the old Madison Center schoolhouse 
in Madison township was sawed at this mill. J. F. Parks ran the mill in the 
winter of 1853 and the spring of 1854. In 1855 or 1856 John Vassar purchased 
the mill, and it was from his operation of this mill that the hill to the south of 
it received its name. About i860, the mill was abandoned for mill purposes 
and the building torn down. 

The Hubbard sawmill was built on Mineral Creek about 1854. This stood 
on land now owned by Stephen Walsworth, either in or near section 35. This 
mill was built by Hubbard. It only ran for a few years and was then torn 
down. 

The Diamond Mill was built on Mineral Creek further east. It was erected 
about 1850 or 1851 by Bert Diamond, and was always owned and operated by the 
builder. It was torn down in the latter part of the '60s. 

Bodenhofer's Mill is better known to more of the later residents of the town- 
ship. It stood on the banks of Mineral Creek on the Lime Kiln Hollow road, 
in the southwestern part of section 28. This was built about 1852 and was a 
sawmill and also a gristmill. It was the only gristmill on Mineral Creek and was 
liberally patronized. Jacob Bodenhofer was the proprietor. The mill was torn 
down some time in the 8o's. 

THE CREAMERIES. 

THE JAMES HALL CREAMERY. 

The first creamery erected in Clay township was built by James L. Hall in 
section 17. in the summer of 1873. The creamery building was not a preten- 
tious affair. It stood on the east side of the road and about forty rods south of 
the location of the old Carpenter creamery building. About the year 1876, the 
pioneer creamery building was moved north to a location on the east side of the 
road almost opposite the old creamery building. In the organization of this first 
creamery, the farmers in the adjacent community were rather skeptical of the 
advisability of such a movement. The idea of raising calves on skim milk from 
a creamery was a new one, in the minds of some of the farmers, and the idea 
spelled ruin to their prosperity. The creamery was started however. Henry 
Haddock was connected with certain parts of the creamery business. James 
L. Hall was the pioneer butter maker in the township. The venture proved 
successful beyond the dreams of the most hopeful, and so much so that the former 
skeptics were now the most eager to keep a good thing when they saw they had 
one. 

THE CARPENTER CREAMERY. 

After running the creamery a few years, Mr. Hall leased the building to 
Carpenter Brothers who ran it a short time, and then built the creamery on the 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 277 

west side of the road, this building being the one known in the modern age as the 
Carpenter Creamery. After operating the creamery for a few years, the busi- 
ness passed into the hands of G. L. Lovell of Monticello who leased the building 
to Charles Gilbert. Some of the farmers had not received one hundred cents on 
the dollar from Carpenter Brothers, and when a short time later in their dealings 
with Gilbert, this experience was repeated, it is no wonder the faith of the dairy- 
men in the maintenance of the creamery business began to be shaken. A short 
time after the financial downfall of Ctilbert, J. L. Bader of Cascade, purchased 
the creamery and conducted the business in a straightforward manner for a year 
or two and then closed the building. This building is now used for a barn, and 
stands on its original foundation on the premises of James Keating on section i8. 

THE BADER CREAMERY. 

The Bader Creamery was erected by J. L. Bader in the spring of 1882 and was 
conducted by its proprietor and founder for a number of years. The institu 
tion did a flourishing business, and profited by the development of the dairy 
business under the old Carpenter Creamery. Nothing is left of the building now 
except a few boards standing at random, the remnant of an age that is past. This 
building on the north west comer of the crossroad, north of S. B. Reids resi- 
dence in section 17. 

THE CLAY COOPERATIVE CREAMERY. 

The Clay Cooperative Creamery was organized in the spring of 1896, the 
stockholders being composed of many of the most prominent and responsible 
farmers in the community. The officers were : president, G. B. Hall ; vice-presi- 
dent, Henry Null ; secretary, C. L. Butler ; treasurer, J. Z. Mackrill ; directors : 
John Dennison. D. W. Russell, T. L. Green and Chris Bramer. A. F. Carrier 
was butter maker. There were seven milk haulers, viz : James A. Scroggie, John 
Dew, John Stahlberg, Ed Sutton, Tom Hood, Albert Young and David 
Kennison. For about eleven years the business grew and flourished. A mod- 
ern building equipped with modem machinery had been erected on the east side 
of the highway on the premises of J. Z. Mackrill in the northwest comer of sec- 
tion 29. The natural evolution of the dairy business, the introduction of the hand 
separators, the increasing expense of operation, the costly method of hauling the 
milk, soon began to influence the profits in competition with other creameries. 
These institutions became narrowed to churning stations, where no cream was 
separated. The hauling of cream simplified the dairy industry. Consequently 
the Cooperative Creamery was dissolved in the summer of 1907, and the cream- 
ery building and machinery sold. The stockholders realized less than fifty cents 
on the dollar of their stock. The creamery brought in many thousands of dol- 
lars to the farmers of the community during its existence. 

At the present time, there is no creamery in operation in Qay township. In 
fact there are only three creameries in operation in the eastern half of Jones 
county, one at Oxford Junction, one at Center Junction and one at Scotch 
Grove. 



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278 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

CLAYFORD. 

This place now exists only in name. As a matter of fact it was never more 
than a postoffice, and in this capacity, the early inhabitants will tell you that the 
name is very familiar. The office was established October ii, 1861, and John 
W. Jenkins was appointed postmaster. On December 12, 1872, Hannah Jenkins 
was commissioned to perform the official duties of this position. The office was 
continued at the residence of the postmistress in the northeast corner of sec- 
tion 7. On January 25, 1894, the name of the chief officer at this mail station 
was changed, and Robert Snyder appears as the one in charge. The last 
person to be commissioned in this office, and the one following Robert Snyder, 
was his wife, Hannah Snyder, who again assumed the official title Jime 16, 1899. 
On September 30, 1902, the office was discontinued. The rural mail delivery 
from Onslow was established at this time, and furnished the patrons with daily 
mail. Prior to this time, the mail was carried on the route from Onslow to 
Cascade and was delivered about three times a week. There is no postoffice in 
Qay township at the present time. 

THE FREE WILL BAPTIST CHURCH OF CLAY. 

The Free Will Baptist church was the earliest church organization eflfected 
in Clay township. On March 12, 1853, a meeting was held at the house of Myron 
C. Walters in Clay Mills for the purpose of organizing a church. A sermon was 
preached by Elder Donaldson from i Corinthians III : 9th "Ye are God's Build- 
ing." After the sermon, the elder proceeded to ascertain how many wished 
to be organized into a church society. Six presented themselves with letters, viz : 
Reuben Green, William Hill, Myron C. Walters, Susan Maria Green, Margarette 
Walters; one presented herself for baptism, viz: Mary Hill. 

After an examination regarding their faith, and finding they all agreed in 
sentiment with the Free Will Baptist church, the articles and covenant as laid 
down in the creed of that denomination having been adopted, the right hand of 
fellowship was given by Elder Donaldson, and prayer was offered by him. 

M. C. Walters was chosen clerk, and the name of "Free Will Baptist Church 
of Clay" was adopted. M. C. Walters was chosen to apply, in behalf of the new 
organization, for membership in the quarterly meeting to be held with the Buena 
Vista church in April, 1853, and to represent the congregation at that time. On 
the request of Mr. Walters, made to that body, the Clay church was accepted as 
a member of the quarterly meeting. 

M. C. Walters was chosen deacon and continued in that office until his re- 
moval to New York state about 1900. The present deacon is William Eckler, 
and the present clerk is W. N. Tippett. The deacons chosen at different times 
were: M. C. Walters, Lewis Beckwith, S. L. Carpenter, William Eckler. The 
clerks have been : M. C. Walters, C. W. Sutton, W. N. Tippett. The present 
trustees are : William Eckler, G. B. Hall, W. N. Tippett. 

The church prospered in the early days of the township history and in due 
time, about 1865, a church building was erected at the location known as Frozen 
Hill. This building yet stands, and in the more recent years has been known 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 279 

as the Bethel Presbyterian church, though yet owned by the Baptist society. 
Here the community met for the worship of God and the study of His Word for 
many years. After some years the use of the building was generously offered 
to the Bethel Presbyterian church who used it conjointly with the Baptist church. 
Among the pastors of the Clay Baptist church have been : Elders Reives, Slater, 
Maxon, Anderson, O. E. Aldrich and George Bullock. 

After many years of public testimony to their love for their Saviour, the Bap- 
tist congregation became so reduced in numbers by deaths and removals that 
they could no longer maintain regular public worship and this condition has 
continued to the present time. The organization has been continued, though no 
active part has been taken in the continuation of regular services. 

THE BETHEL PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

The broad expanse of prairie lying north of the early village of Wyoming, 
had among its earliest settlers, several Presbyterian families mostly from Scot- 
land and the state of Ohio. Previous to the year 1861, occasional services were 
held, Rev. George E. Delevan, who was in charge of the Presbyterian church at 
Wyoming at that time, was the preacher. This beloved pioneer died at Wyom- 
ing in the spring of 1861. 

By invitation of some of the members of the Presb}'terian faith, Rev. James 
L. Wilson of the Dubuque Presbytery, located at Scotch Grove, commenced 
preaching at John Paul's schoolhouse, known now as the Valley School, three 
miles north of Wyoming, in the same township. Rev. Wilson's first sermon 
there was on Sunday. June 16, 1861. Arrangements were made for the contin- 
uation of the services, and the appointments were maintained regularly once 
in two weeks until the close of the year, 1864. 

At the beginning of the year 1865, the meetings were removed to a more 
central location and to a more commodious schoolhouse in Clay township, two 
miles further north. The attendance and interest at once increased. A part of 
the time services were held at the former location where the attendance and inter- 
est was well maintained. At the new place now called Defiance Hill, the first ser- 
mon was preached January 8, 1865. Besides the regular preaching of the Word, 
(he Lord's Supper was frequently administered here, the session of the Scotch 
Grove Presbyterian church with the minister from the same place having charge 
of the sacramental service. On these occasions, as well as at the regular commun- 
ion services at Scotch Grove, a considerable number of the people from this 
community were received as members of that church. 

Previous to the commencing of the meetings at Defiance Hill schoolhouse, 
there was farther north, in the eastern part of Clay township, an organization of 
the United Presbyterian church, called Mt. Hope church, supplied with preaching 
by Rev. A. J. Allen, beginning in 1856. He having ceased to labor, and there being 
no regular supplies, the organization became languishing and disbanded in 1865. 
The records of that noble little church were lost in the fire which burned the 
house of the elder of the church, Mr. James Kirkpatrick, in the year 1859. This 
elder and the chief part of the members of the United Presbyterian organization 
a few years later became identified with the Presb)rterian meetings being held at 



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280 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Defiance Hill. These members of this early organization were mostly from the 
Presbyterian church of Ireland, but some were from Scotland and other places. 

In April, 1870, a petition was sent to the Dubuque Presbytery signed by a 
nimiber of members of the Presbyterian society, and some others, asking for the 
establishment of a Presbyterian church at this place. Accordingly the Presby- 
tery in session at Jesup, on the 27th of April, 1870, appointed a committee to 
attend to the matter at some time convenient to themselves and to the people. This 
committee consisted of Rev. Samuel Hodge of Hopkinton, Rev. James L. Wilson, 
of Scotch Grove, and Hon. John McKean, a ruling elder of the Anamosa church. 

The organization was effected at Defiance Hill, June 14, 1870, under the name 
of the Bethel Presbyterian church, the following persons entering the new or- 
ganization by letter, mostly from the Scotch Grove church, viz: James Kirk- 
patrick. Mrs. Jane Kirkpatrick, William H. Chatterton, Mrs. Hilah S. Chatter- 
ton, Stephen R. Streeper, Matilda B. Streeper, Andrew Scroggie, Mrs. Grace 
Scroggie, Andrew Duncanson, Mrs. Marion Duncanson, David H. Orr, Henry 
P. Chatterton, Mrs. Alice P. Chatterton, Mrs. Jane Young, Mrs. Ann Reid, Mrs. 
Margaret Paul, Mrs. Mary J. Hawley, Mrs. Mary Neelans. John Paul was ac- 
cepted as a member on profession of faith. 

The organization was perfected by the election of Andrew Scroggie and 
Stephen R. Streeper as ruling elders. John Paul and James Kirkpatrick were 
elected deacons. 

Of the above named charter members, five are still living, namely: James 
Kirkpatrick, Mrs. Ann Reid, Mrs. Mary J. Hawley, Mrs. Mary Neelans and 
John Paul. 

The new church prospered and in due time the question of building a house 
of worship arose, and was discussed. A site for the building was chosen, and 
one thousand, two hundred dollars subscribed toward its erection, but about that 
time the railroad came to Onslow and the organization of a Presbyterian church 
at that place had a tendency to check the building plans of the Bethel church. 
About the same time, the Bethel church was generously offered the use of the 
Free Will Baptist church building. This offer was accepted, and in this build- 
ing, the Bethel Congregation has held regular services ever since. 

The following ministers have served as pastors since the organization of the 
church, namely: Revs. J. L. Wilson, John Rice, Henry Cullen, Alexander Scott, 
J. A. Hahn, Philip Palmer, J. R. McQuown, P. A. Tinkam, and the present pas- 
tor, S. B. McQelland. 

The ruling elders have been : Andrew Scroggie, Stephen R. Streeper, Andrew 
Duncanson, Thomas Hamilton, John Neelans. William Fletcher, John Denni- 
son, Isaac N. French. 

The deacons have been : James Kirkpatrick, John Paul, A. P. Ormsby, John 
Dennison, David H. Orr, Ahab DeWitt, Joseph W. Orr, Robert Scroggie, R. W. 
Chatterton, C. S. Ames. In 1901, the office of deacon was abolished, and the 
office of trustee established. The trustees have been: James Kennedy, C. S. 
Ames, R. W. Chatterton, C. L. Butler, Robert A. Scroggie. 

The church organization for 1909, is as follows: 

Session : Pastor and moderator. Rev. S. B. McQelland ; elders, John Neelans. 
W^illiam Fletcher and Isaac N. French. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 281 

Sabbath School : Superintendent, R. W. Chatterton ; assistant superintendent, 
William Fletcher ; secretary and treasurer. Miss Alice Green ; organist, Miss Ina 
Young; assistant organist, Miss Alice Green. 

Ladies Missionary Society : President, Mrs. Adella E. McClelland ; vice presi- 
dent, Mrs. Minnie Kennedy; secretary, Mrs. Fannie Hicks; treasurer, Mrs. Hat- 
tie Chatterton ; secretary of literature, Mrs. Mary H. Neelans. 

The church has pursued the even tenor of its way, sometimes making vigor- 
ous strides, at other times more lagging in its progress, but still advancing in the 
work to which it has been called, an uplift in the community and an honor to the 
Kingdom. A series of revival meetings were closed in the early part of October, 
1909, which added much to the enthusiasm and strength of the church, the meet- 
ings being conducted by Evangelist Foote, with the assistance of the regular pas- 
tor. Rev. S. B. McQelland. 

The Bethel church has never had a resident pastor. During the first ten years 
or more of its organization, the pastor of the Scotch Grove church also served as 
pastor of this church. About 1883 or 1884, the Bethel church and the Onslow 
church united in the support of the same pastor, the regular services in the Bethel 
church being held every Sunday afternoon, the pastor residing at Onslow. This 
relation has continued down to the present time. The church building is located 
in the southwest corner of section 17, in Clay township, the location being 
known locally as PVozen Hill. The church is a central institution in the com- 
munity, and is the nucleus around which clusters precious memories and the in- 
fluences for good which predominate in the country on all sides. 

LATTER DAY SAINTS CHAPEL. 

The Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints built a church 
in section twenty-two, near the present residence of Ed Green in Qay town- 
ship in the summer of 1897. This is a plain building twenty-eight by thirty-six 
feet and appearing about like the average country church. The building cost 
about one thousand two hundred dollars. 

The local organization or "branch" at the time, had about fifty members, 
widely scattered throughout Jones and Jackson counties. Other branches have 
been organized within the same territory, and members in each case have united 
with the nearest church. At the present time there are about forty-seven mem- 
bers, many of these still widely scattered. 

The following are some of the early members : Mr. and Mrs. James Johnson ; 
Mrs. Louisa Myatt, Mariner Maudsley, Edwin Lowe, Miss Lizzie Haller, Mrs. 
Maria Kelsall, Mr. and Mrs. O. E. Green, Rachel M. Green, Susan Green, 
Willard Thomas, Amelia Thomas, John Wier. Cora Wier and D. J. Dierks. 

The church has always depended largely upon missionaries sent out by the 
general church for its ministers. Among these were the following: John S. Roth, 
of Grinnell, Iowa ; William T. Maitland, of Des Moines, Iowa ; O. B. Thomas, of 
Lamoni, Iowa; John W. Peterson, Lamoni, Iowa; Oscar Case, Morehead, Iowa; 
Fred Farr, of Greene, Iowa; J. B. Wildermuth, Osterdock, Iowa; James Mc- 
Kerman, Muscatine, Iowa. 



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282 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

The church was dedicated by Joseph Smith and J. W. Peterson. The former 
is president of the reorganized church and a son of the original founder of the 
church established in 1830. A large congregation of people from all the sur- 
rounding country gathered to hear the man whose name had become famous 
because of its association with the Orientalism of Utah. 

THE VILLAGE OF CANTON. 

The village of Canton, properly speaking is only partly in Clay township, but 
its early history is so much associated with the early history of Clay township, 
that a history of the township is not wholly complete without some reference 
to this once thriving business center. The assistance of Levi Waggoner, now 
eighty years of age, has been helpful in securing the data of this sketch of the 
Canton history. 

Canton is one of the earliest settled towns in this part of the state. As early 
as 1843 we find J. E. Hildreth making improvements at the present site of Can- 
ton. In that year the Canton water power was first improved by J. E. Hildreth 
who built a sawmill on the east side of the Maquoketa River; this mill he operated 
about two years when it was destroyed by fire. After the fire he sold his interests 
in and around Canton to J. J. Tomlinson, and took up a new location on the 
present site of Ozark, four miles north, on the north fork of the Maquoketa 
River. 

J. J. Tomlinson thus became the sole proprietor of what there was of Canton 
about 1844 or 1845, ^^^ i" addition became the owner of about eight hundred 
acres of land adjoining. Mr. Tomlinson now began to rebuild the sawmill on a 
much more extensive scale, a mill with a capacity of one thousand feet of lumber 
per hour. In connection with the sawmill Mr. Tomlinson built a machine shop 
for the manufacture of all kinds of wood work, such as wagons, lumber, furni- 
ture, all kinds of lath work. The capital invested amounted to over twenty 
thousand dollars in this business alone. Mr. Tomlinson also built a grist mill 
and woolen factor}' on the west side of the river soon after or about 1845. This 
is the beginning of the mill about which the memory of so many of the early 
settlers of Gay township centers, and which was one of the most flourishing in- 
stitutions in eastern Iowa for many years. 

Mr. Tomlinson's business was now flourishing on both sides of the river. 
At that time there was neither grist mill nor sawmill nearer than Dubuque on the 
north, and Anamosa on the west. And in those early days, Iowa was a wheat 
country, and wheat was a staple crop which gave Mr. Tomlinson a range of coun- 
try more than forty miles in extent from which to draw his supply of wheat. His 
mill was never allowed to stand idle, day or night. The same was true of his 
sawmill and machine shop. The two mills together gave employment to over 
sixty men, in one way and another. 

The merchandise business was not a whit behind the business of the mills. 
Between the years of 1852 and 1857, there were six well kept stores in Canton. 
The principal one was conducted by E. M. Franks. His stock consisted of gen- 
eral merchandise of the amount of eighteen thousand dollars. The Smith Bros., 
Tom and James, had stock of the value of ten thousand dollars. Tomlinson & 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 283 

Smith had a stock of six thousand dollars. A Mr. Dawson, two thousand five 
hundred dollars. J. Brenneman, two thousand dollars. William Lowe, hardware, 
two thousand dollars. William Hannah, drug store, two thousand dollars. There 
were also at that time four practicing physicians, towit. Dr. Thomas Gracey, Dr. 
Johnson, and the Belden partnership, consisting of M. J. Belden and W. P. Belden. 

About the same time E. M. Franks also conducted a packing plant through 
the winter season, with a capacity of handling one hundred hogs per day, al- 
though he handled dressed hogs only. This was the practice in that period of 
time, in all sections of the country, both east and west. Mr. Franks was also an 
extensive dealer in cattle and hogs and at most any time in the period of which 
we write, during the '50s, from three hundred to five hundred head of cattle 
could be counted in his yards at any time. He also had from three hundred to 
six hundred hogs on feed at any one time. In fact Canton was a first-class mar- 
ket town for anything the farmer had to sell in the line of cattle, hogs, wheat, 
com, oats or hay. The store provisions were hauled from Dubuque, and the 
store keepers frequently took such products in trade for groceries and dry goods. 

In those days, by far the greater number of teams were ox teams. Mr. Tom- 
linson at all times kept not less than twenty yoke of cattle at work drawing logs 
from the woods to his mills, and a less number in delivering the lumber to 
Dubuque, Cascade and other points. 

These were years of Canton's greatest era of prosperity. About the year 

1854, the grist mill, together with the woolen factory burned to the ground. In 

1855, ^^^- Tomlinson rebuilt the grist mill, but the woolen factory was never 
rebuilt. 

About the year 1866, the Midland Railroad was projected, and the business 
men began to look for new locations along the line of that road. E. M. Franks 
bought several hundred acres about eight miles west of Canton along the pro- 
posed line of the road, and including the present site of Onslow. Mr. Franks now 
began the disposal of his shelf goods in quantities to suit purchasers. His fresh 
goods he moved to his new location at Onslow. 

Mr. Tomlinson also made his escape to the gold regions of the Rocky Moun- 
tains, after selling his holdings to Dr. George Trumbull of Cascade at a price 
of less than one-half he could have obtained before the Midland road was built. 
From this time on, Canton's decline was rapid. 

It was about this time that Dr. Trumbull sold his grist mill to Robert Becker, 
who in turn sold a one-half interest to a Mr. Peck, forming a partnership under 
the name of Becker & Peck. Under this partnership the business was con- 
ducted for several years, or until wheat became so scarce that the parties could 
no longer find it profitable to continue in business. Becker & Peck now <lissolved 
partnership, and in the deal the grist mill remained in the hands of Robert Becker 
who operated in a small way on the slim supply of wheat that constantly grew 
less till the manufacture of flour was entirely discontinued. From that time, 
the mill was used as a feed and custom mill only. Mr. Becker, now thoroughly 
disgusted with his mill property, traded to one Alex. Clark, for a half section of 
land in Kansas. Mr. Clark was a Scotchman with considerable business tact, 
and with his pleasing address he won friends, and for many years conducted a 



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284 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

flourishing business grinding feed. Mr. Clark continued to operate the mill 
until about six years ago when he disposed of his mill property, and since that 
time, the mill has changed hands several times. L. B. Parshal is now the owner 
of the property, and if the present plans mature, the Canton mill property will be 
so revolutionized that its early owners would not recognize the place. There is 
no better water power in eastern Iowa than at Canton. There is a good water 
fall, and the foundation for the dam could not be improved. At this point, the 
banks of the river are of solid rock, and the bed of the river is of the same solid 
material. A dam properly built would stand for ages. 

THE CANTON POSTOFFICE. 

The Canton postoffice was established on July 15, 1844. Since that date when 
John J. Tomlinson received the first commission, the postmasters with the dates 
of their appointment, have been, in their order: Robert B. Hanna, December 10, 
1853; Miles F. Simpson, April 25, 1854; Thomas Smith, July 29, 1854; Thomas 
Gracey, November 4, 1856; WiUiam A. Smith, August 24, 1857; William B. Han- 
na, July 20, 1859 J John W. Dillrance, August 22, 1859 ; W. B. Hanna, August 19, 
1861; James B. Camp, March 7, 1865; Leander B. Sutton, October 24, 1865; 
John W. Reade, June 5, 1867; John Baldwin, October 8, 1868; John T. Bayliff, 
June 15, 1869; George W. Kelsall, December 31, 1872; Lyman B. Parshall, March 
30, 1886; John C. Ripperton, July 19, 1887; Alfred Frey, December 21, 1891 ; 
Hannah E. Ripperton, April i, 1893; Alexander Clark, April 19, 1895; Ned 
L. Sutton, June 4, 1897; Robert H. Buchner, the present incumbent, April 23, 
1908. 

The Canton of today is but a remnant of its former prosperity. The old 
buildings are the undisputed habitation of bats and owls. One store, the mill, 
one blacksmith shop and a few scattered dwellings, including the schoolhouse 
and the mill, constitute the Canton of 1909. 

OFFICIAL ROSTER CLAY TOWNSHIP. 

1857 — Election held in Sutton schoolhouse, April 6, 1857. Trustees: S. R. 
Howard, J. P. Ames, Isaac DeWitt; clerk, John Russell; justice. L. G. Drake; 
constables, C. C. Sutton and C. Hicks. 

1858 — Election held in Sutton schoolhouse, April 5, 1858. Trustees: Joseph 
P. Ames, S. R. Howard, and A. Cowing ; clerk, John Russell ; justice, Joseph Ty- 
ron; constables, William B. Gress and C. C. Sutton; supervisors: No. i, Luke 
Potter ; No. 2, Bethuel French ; No. 3, James Hall ; No. 4, Cyrus Anderson : No. 
5, B. Sharpless ; No. 6, Piatt Jennings. 

1859 — Election held October 12, 1858. Trustees: A. Gowing, B. C. Slater 
and Thomas Johnson; clerk, James L. Hall; assessor, S. R. Howard; justices, 
Joseph Tyron and J. Z. Mackrill ; constables, William B. Gress and R. B. Willcox. 

i860 — ^Trustees: J. Ingraham. Richard Hayner and Isaac DeWitt; clerk, 
J. C. French; assessor, Charles F. Vinceqt; constables, Cornelius Hicks and 
William A. Smith. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 285 

1861 — Trustees; Jacob Bodenhofer, E. A. Cohoon and Joseph P. Ames; 
clerk, J. L. Hall; assessor, S. R. Howard; justices, John Brinimon and William 
H. Peck; constables, George Howard and R. B. Willcox. 

1862 — Trustees: William Paul, Japhat Ingraham and J. W. Jenkins; asses- 
sor, S. R. Howard; clerk, J. L. Hall; constables, R. B. Willcox and H. Smith. 

1863 — Trustees: S. R. Howard, James McDaniel, Patrick Donahue; clerk, 
William G. Jenkins; assessor, E. E. Brown; justices, E. Harwood and Joseph 
Tyron; constables, John Potter and B. Grogan. 

1864 — ^Trustees: William Eckler, Albert Howard; clerk, William Paul. 

1865 — ^Trustees: G. A. Hanna, A. Howard and William Paul; clerk, R. 
Hayner; justices. William Eckler, A. Harwood; assessor, E. E. Brown; con- 
stables, R. B. Willcox, John Patton. 

1866 — ^Trustees: Albert Howard, Hiram Dubois and C. W. Sutton; clerk, 
James L. Hall ; assessor, E. E. Brown ; constables, John Patton and R. B. Willcox. 

1867 — ^Trustees : Albert Howard, C. W. Sutton, Daniel Canole ; clerk, James 
L. Hall; assessor, E. E. Brown; justices, William Eckler and R. G. Dye; con- 
stables, J. F. Sutton and David Moore. 

18(58— Trustees : A. Howard, J. L. Hall, S. L. Carpenter; clerk, W. H. Peck; 
constables, David McDaniel and J. F. Sutton; justices, William Eckler, A. 
Isenhart. 

1869 — Trustees : Albert Howard, William H. Chatterton and William Gates ; 
clerk, W. H. Peck; assessor, James L. Hall; justices, William Eckler and A. 
Isenhart ; constables, W. A. Eckler and W. A. Smith. 

1870— Trustees : J. D. Bamhill, W. H. Chatterton and J. H. McDaniel ; clerk, 
W. H. Peck; assessor, E. E. Brown; justice of the peace, C. W. Sutton; con- 
stables, W. A. Eckler and George Carr. 

1871 — ^Trustees: J. H. McDaniel, Eldad Cooley and E. E. Brown; clerk, 
W. H. Peck ; assessor, J. D. Barnhill ; justices, John Brinneman, John Dennison ; 
constables, George Carr and John Vasser. 

1872 — ^Trustees: James McDaniel, Eldad Cooley and W. N. Tippett; clerk 
W. H. Peck ; assessor, E. E. Brown ; constables, John Vasser and J. W. Bacheler. 

1873 — ^Trustees: James McDaniel, Eldad Cooley and W. N. Tippett; clerk, 
W. H. Peck ; assessor, J. D. Bamhill ; constables, James Johnson, D. H. Butler ; 
justices, E. A. Cohoon and George Reyner. 

1874 — ^Trustees: R. B. Weaver, L)anan Osbom and Isaac DeWitt; clerk, 
J. D. Bamhill; assessor, John Dennison; constables, D. H. Butler and J. R. 
Johnson. 

1875 — ^Tmstees: Lyman Osbom, William Eckler, William Donahue; clerk, 
J. D. Barnhill;. constables: Orrillo Green and William Johnson. 

1876 — ^Tmstees: L3rman Osborn, W. N. Tippett and William Eckler; clerk, 
C. W. Hawle3rm; assessor, E. E. Brown; justice, J. D. Bamhill; constable, Joseph 
Hanna. 

1877— Tmstees : Lyman Osborn, W. N. Tippett, W. G. Donahue; clerk, J. F. 
Lee; assessor, E. E. Brown. 

1878 — ^Trustees: Lyman Osbom, William Eckler and James McDaniel; clerk, 
J. L. Hall ; assessor, E. E. Brown ; justice, J. D. Bamhill. 



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286 HISTORY Ol* JONES COUNTY 

1879 — Trustees: William Eckler, J. Z. Mackrill and James McDaniel; clerk, 
D. W. Russell; assessor, John Dennison; justices, Richard Hayner and John 
Dennison; constables, P. F. Brown and W. B. Mackrill. 

1880 — Trustees: William Eckler, James McDaniel and G. A. Hanna; clerk, 
D. W. Russell. 

1881 — Trustees: William Eckler, E. E. Brown, J. F. Lee; clerk, D. W. Rus- 
sell ; justice, John Dennison ; constable, T. K. Paul. 

1882 — Trustees: J. F. Lee, William Eckler and E. E. Brown; clerk, D. W. 
Russell. 

1883— Trustees : W. N. Tippett. William Eckler and E. E. Brown; clerk, D. 
W. Russell. 

1884 — Trustees: W. N. Tippett, William Eckler and E. E. Brown; clerk, D. 
W. Russell. 

1885 — Trustees: C. W. McMaster, William Tippett and James Scroggie; clerk, 
T. K. Paul. 

1886 — Trustees: C. W. McMaster, James Scroggie and W. N. Tippett; clerk, 
T. K. Paul. 

1887 — Trustees: James Carpenter, William Tippett, C. W. McMaster; clerk, 
Robert Scroggie ; assessor, James Scroggie. 

1888— Trustees: C. W. McMaster, W. N. Tippett, J. L. Carpenter; clerk, 
R. A. Scroggie. 

1889 — ^Trustees: C. W. McMaster, J. L. Carpenter and Allen Duke; clerk, 
J. F. Cohoon; justices, John Herrington and L. L. Gee; constables, J. B. Hutton 
and Charles Herrington. 

1890— Trustees : Ahab DeWitt, C. W. McMaster and H. A. Duke; clerk, 
Lyman Osborn; assessor, J. L. Carpenter; justice, L. L. Gee; constable, J. F. 
Cohoon. « 

1891 — Trustees: L N. French, Ahab DeWitt, H. A. Duke; clerk, Harbison 
Orr; assessor, John Dennison; justice, John Dennison. 

1892— Trustees : L N. French. Ahab DeWitt, D. H. Orr; clerk, H. Orr; 
assessor, John Dennison. 

1893— Trustees : Ahab DeWitt, L N. French, D. H. Orr; clerk, Harbison Orr; 
assessor, John Dennison. 

1894— Trustees : L N. French, Ahab DeWitt, D. H. Orr; clerk, H. Orr; as- 
sessor, John Dennison. 

1895— Trustees: W. H. Orr, Ahab DeWitt, and L N. French; clerk, H. Orr; 
assessor, John Dennison. 

1896 — ^Trustees: L N. French, William Fletcher and W. H. Orr; clerk, 
Harbison Orr; assessor, John Dennison. 

1897— Trustees: J. F. Russell, W^illiam Fletcher and W. H. Orr; cleric, H. 
Orr; assessor, Michael Lawless; constable, Nathan Watters. 

1898 — Trustees: James Hamilton, J. F. Russell and William Fletcher; derk, 
H. Orr. 

1899 — ^Trustees: James Hamilton, John F. Russell and William Orr; clerk, 
J. R. Kennedy. 

1900 — Trustees: J. A. Hamilton, W. H. Orr and E. A. Green; clerk, J. R. 
Kennedy ; assessor, Michael Lawless. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 287 

1901— Trustees : J. A. Hamilton, E. A. Green and W. H. Orr; clerk, J. R. 
Kennedy; assessor, Samuel Orr. 

1902— Trustees: J. R. Reid, J. A. Hamilton, E. A. Green; clerk, J. R. 
Kennedy. 

1903 — ^Trustees: E. A. Green, J. R. Reid and J. A. Hamilton; clerk, J. R. 
Kennedy; assessor, Sam Orr. 

1904— Trustees: B. W. Streeper, J. R. Reid and E. A. Green; clerk, J. R. 
Kennedy; assessor, Sam Orr. 

1905— Trustees : B. W. Streeper, L. E. Mead and E. A. Green; clerk, J. D. 
Xeelans ; assessor, Joe Orr. 

1906 — Trustees: B. W. Streeper, L. E. Mead and E. A. Green; clerk, J. D. 
Xeelans; assessor, Joseph Orr. 

1907 — ^^Trustees : John A. Orr, James R. Kennedy, B. W. Streeper; clerk, J. D. 
Xeelans; assessor, Joseph Orr. 

1908— Trustees- B. W. Streeper, J. A. Orr, J. R. Kennedy; clerk, J. D. Nee- 
lans; assessor, Joseph Orr. 

1909 — ^Trustees, James Lowham, J. A Orr, J. R. Kennedy; clerk, John 
English ; assessor, Joseph Orr. 



FAIRVIEW TOWNSHIP. 

(The following excellent history of Fairview township, and of its towns and 
institutions, was written and prepared by Mr. J. E. Remley of Anamosa. The 
people of this township, and readers of this history, now, and in future years, will 
gratefully acknowledge their gratitude to Mr. Remley for the splendid service 
he has rendered to the present generation and to posterity. The history is well 
written, shows the untiring labor of careful research, and will be found valuable 
both as a record and as a reference. Fpr this kind service in behalf of the history 
of the Jones county by Mr. Remley, the editor adds his appreciation. 

— ^The Editor.) 

Fairview township is situated in the western tier of townships in Jones county, 
Iowa, with Cass township on the north, Jackson township on the east, Greenfield 
township on the south and Linn county on the west. 

In early days about two-thirds of the area was in timber, mainly oak of the 
best quality. Along the rivers were heavy forests containing thousands of cords 
of wood. Now most all the timber has been cut and the land placed under cul- 
tivation. What once was a forest is now a fine well improved farm, worth from 
one hundred to one hundred and fifty dollars per acre. A few years ago the 
farmers used wood for fuel but now since, wood has become so scarce a large 
number use coal, which is transported from the towns. Cord wood is worth in 
the market from five to six dollars and fifty cents per cord. 

The soil consists of a rich black loam with a clay soil and is especially adapted 
for raising com and all small grain. The north half of the township is rolling 



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288 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

with few clay hills, while the south half is much more level. There is but little 
non-tillable land in the township. 

The Wapsipinicon River enters at the northwest comer of the township and 
runs in a southeasterly direction, and enters Jackson township near the center of 
the township line. Buffalo creek enters a little west of the center of the north 
line of the township, running in a south and southeasterly direction, uniting with 
the Wapsipinicon just west of the city of Anamosa. The township is well drained 
and has very little low wet land which is not subject to be cultivated. 

There is one city, one town and one village in this township. Anamosa is 
a city of the second class, the county seat of Jones county and an active, prc^es- 
sive business center. Stone City is a small unincorporated town without officials 
The large quarry interests are its chief importance. The village of Fairview is 
one of the oldest settlements in the county, situated four miles from Anamosa on 
the old military road to Martelle. This old village and land mark is gradually 
declining as no improvements are being made and in time no doubt the haml^ 
will be eliminated. 

1909 ASSESSMENT. 

There are twenty thousand, six hundred and ninety-six taxable acres of land 
outside of Anamosa, with a net actual valuation of nine hundred and forty-seven 
thousand, two hundred and forty-four dollars accruing to the assessed valuation 
for the year 1909. 

The total moneys and credits given to the assessor for the year 1909 in Fair- 
view outside of Anamosa was one hundred and six thousand, four hundred and 
thirty-two dollars. 

The following is a list of the number and actual assessed value of the cattle 
and hogs in Fairview township as reported by the assessor for the year 1909: 

No. Actual Value. 

Colts, I year old 104 $ 3,332 

Colts, 2 years old 85 4424 

Horses, 3 years old and over 490 26,326 

Stallions 5 2,600 

Mules and asses 9 504 

Cattle in feeding 20 404 

Heifers, i year old 314 31876 

Heifers, 2 years old 208 3,546 

Cows 1054 25,972 

Steers, i year old 204 3,304 

Steers, 2 years old 79 1,896 

Bulls 45 1,722 

Swine, over 6 months old 2440 13,049 

Sheep, over 6 months old 283 975 

COMPARATIVE MARKET PRICES. 

The following prices were paid at Anamosa, Iowa for ear com, oats, barley 
and wheat during the month of June, 1907, 1908 and 1909: 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 291 

June 1909. 

Ear Com • $<>«75 

Oats 55 

Barley 65 

Wheat 1. 15 

June, 1908. 

Ear Com $ '75 

Oats 46 

Barley 40 

Wheat 1.00 

June, 1907. 

Ear Com $ .50 

Oats 41 

Barley 50 

Wheat 75 

EARLY SETTLEMENT OF ANAMOSA AND FAIRVIEW TOWNSHIP. 

From a letter to Mr. Edmund Booth from Gideon H. Ford of Webster City, 
Hamilton county, this state, under date of October 4, 1872, we quote the following 
in regard to the early settlement of Anamosa and Fairview township : "The first 
settlement of Buffalo Forks was commenced in April, 1838, by George Russ and 
Sherebiah Dakin, from the state of Maine. They laid claim to sections 2, 3, 4, 
one-quarter of 9 and one-quarter of 10. There were with them John H. Bart- 
lett, wife and child, also a man named Smith, another named Carpenter and David 
G. Dumars. These came in the spring of 1838. Three of the above died that 
season, viz., Russ, Smith and Carpenter. Dakin was a millwright; worked in 
Dubuque. Then came George H. Russ, son of George Russ. 

"I arrived at Dubuque on the 22d day of October, and fell in with S. Dakin. 
He was going to Buffalo Forks next day, and asked me to go with him. He 
wished to sell his interest in the claim. So, in company with Timothy Davis, we 
started for the Forks, arriving next day in a snow-storm, the snow three inches 
deep. I bought Dakin's interest in the claim for one thousand dollars. Young 
Russ held his father's share. Young Russ soon got homesick and I bought his 
share for five hundred dollars. I then sold two-thirds of the claim to Davis 
and Walworth for two thousand dollars. This was in January, 1839. We com- 
menced building the mills next spring. John H. Bartlett, I am told, is now living 
in Dubuque." 

Mr. Edmund Booth writes : "I arrived at 'the Forks,' as they were familiarly 
termed — meaning Buffalo Forks of the Wapsipinicon, often abbreviated to Wap- 
sie — in August, 1839. If I remember aright, it was on the i8th day of August. 
I had reached Dubuque from the East some days previously, and made inquiry 
for George H. Walworth. I was referred to Timothy Davis; sought and found 
him in his little lawyer's office on Main street. He informed me he was a part- 
ner of Walworth, and that the latter was at the 'Buffalo Forks of the Wapsi- 
pinicon.' He proposed to let me have a horse which he wished to send to the 
Forks, and suggested the next day for starting; distance, forty miles. He in- 



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292 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

formed me that a new road, known as the United States Military Road, was 
being laid out to the Forks, and seemed to apprehend no difficulty about the way. 
This Timothy Davis was, some years later, member of the Lower House of Con- 
gress for Iowa. He died about a year ago, of paralysis (1872). He was a 
lawyer from Missouri, a man of good intellect, clear head, and at the time. 
1839, the best lawyer in Northern Iowa. His nature was ever kindly. 

"In the course of one evening, after seeing Mr. Davis as above described, 
he called on me at Tim Fanning's log tavern, the only hotel in Dubuque, and 
informed me that two men would start next morning for Iowa City, then just 
laid out as the capital of the Territory of Iowa. They were going to attend 
the first sale of lots. Next morning we started accordingly. The name of one 
of the men was Bartlett — whether the Bartlett mentioned by Ford or not, I do 
not know ; but judge not, as he did not appear to have any knowledge of the 
road, nor did he mention aught to lead one to suppose he had acquaintance with 
the locality of the 'Forks.' The name of the other man I have forgotten; but 
he was a blacksmith of Dubuque. For the journey, I had a large, strong horse, 
not spirited, but good. The two men were mounted on ponies. They rode at 
a continual slow trot, the natural pace of a pony. My horse taking longer 
strides, I allowed them to proceed some distance, and then a trot brought me up 
to them. And so it was all the way. 

"As before said, the military road was being laid out. Congress having ap- 
propriated twenty thousand dollars. We found a newly broken furrow along one 
side of the road, which, by the way, was merely a track through the grass of the 
prairies, and a mound of turf raised three to four feet high at intervals of a half 
mile, more or less. At about noon he reached the house of Mr. Hamilton, two 
miles or so before reaching Cascade. Here we took dinner atld fed the horses. 
There was only a woman — probably Mrs. Hamilton — in the house, and they had a 
small field in cultivation, no larger than a garden to appearance. The man was 
away. Continuing on, we soon reached Cascade. South of the river (North 
Fork of the Maquoketa) was a log cabin belonging to Mr. Dulong, an urbane 
Kentuckian. North of the river was the unfinished frame hotel of Mr. Thomas, 
and these were all the buildings of the place. Mr. Dulong was an elderly man, 
apparently forty to fifty years of age. He died some years since. Continuing 
on, it began to grow dark before we reached the timber of the South Fork of 
the Maquoketa. 

"Passing through the timber, the new road being pretty good, the light from 
the chinks of a log cabin at last gave us assurance of human habitation, and a 
chance for a night's lodging. It proved to be the dwelling of Daniel Varvel, situ- 
ated on the South Fork of the Maquoketa, and where is now a portion of the 
town of Monticello. On the maps of the place, it is designated as Monticello. 
Reaching Varvel's, he put the horses in a stable, near by — a log stable, by the 
way, with a loft above for hay. In the house were some dozen or fifteen men, 
in the employ of the U. S. government contractor, and engaged in laying out 
the Military Road. They had come thus far with the work. Varvel prepared 
supper. He was at that time wifeless, and no woman in the house. Supper of 
ham and eggs, com dodgers and coffee. Breakfast, ditto, the next morning, 
eaten with a hearty relish after such a long ride. No beds for us with this 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 293 

crowd. After an hour's talk, Varvel took the lantern and led the way to the 
stable. We mounted the ladder outside, and with our saddle-blankets for cov- 
ering, slept on the hay (we three) till morning, the horses feeding and resting 
beneath us. And this was my first night in Iowa after leaving Dubuque. A word 
here about Varvel. He was from Kentucky; married some years after this, our 
first meeting; with George H. Walworth he laid out the town of Monticello, 
south of the river. 

"His children grew up and removed further West. He followed them a few 
years since, and I do not know whether he is living or dead. After breakfast, 
we left X^arvel's, as the place was called until Monticello was laid out and named. 
The road was tolerably well marked by wagons. About noon that day we found 
the only plowed land we had seen after leaving Dubuque. This second piece of 
plowed land, then just broken, consisted of five acres, the claim belonging to David 
G. Dumars, and the identical ground on which the county fair has been held for 
some years. Passing by this, and when about the intersection of what is now 
Main and High streets, Anamosa, a large-sized man came lazily along the road 
toward us. We stopped and made inquiry. He told me to take a road to the 
right a few rods further on. That man was David G. Dumars. He went on 
toward his breaking; and, bidding good-bye to my two companions, who were 
bound for the new capital of the Territory and prospective wealth through the 
purchase of town lots, I turned into the road to the right. A mile and a half 
brought me to the log cabin referred to in G. H. Ford's letter, the body which 
had been built by Riiss & Dakin. Here I found G. H. Walworth, who was an 
old acquaintance and about fifteen to twenty other persons engaged in building 
a dam and saw-mill. The day was Sunday, and the people scattered, some read- 
ing, some lounging about, some gone to 'the Prairie,' as the settlement south of 
the timber was called. That settlement then consisted of eighteen log dwellings, 
and extended along the south border of the timber from Highland Grove to 
Viola ; of course, these two latter names not being given till years afterward. I 
have related my journey as above merely to convey some idea of the aspect of 
the country, buildings, etc., and have named every dwelling we saw after leav- 
ing the little hamlet of Dubuque. 

"I give here a list of the early settlers of the township; most of the list was 
obtained from John G. Joslin, ten years ago: Qement Russell and family ar- 
rived in July, 1837; John G. Joslin and family, in August, 1837; Ambrose Parsons 
and family, in May, 1838; Benonia Brown and family, in October, 1838: l.a- 
throp Olmstead and family, in April, 1838; James Parsons, with his son Silas, 
in April, 1838; John Leonard and wife arrived in the autumn of 1838; Calvin 
C. Reed, in 1838; Gideon H. Peet, in the spring of 1839; Henry Van Buskirk, 
iii the spring 1839; Samuel Kelly, in 1838; Edmund Booth, in August, 1839; 
Henry Booth, in May, 1840; Col. David Wood, in June, 1840." 

MRS. PEET's letter, 1842. 

Copy of Mrs. Abigail Peet's letter to Mrs. Philip Burlingham of Cortland, 
N. Y., from where the Peets had emigrated to Jones county, Iowa, in 1839. 



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294 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Pameho (Fairview), March 19, 1842. 

Dear Daughter: I improve this opportunity to write and inform you that 
we are all enjoying very good health at present and hope to hear the same from 
you. We have had a light winter in comparison to what we used to have there. 
We have not had snow to hinder anyone's going into the woods to draw rails 
or timber anywhere they please. It has been all gone as much as four or five 
weeks, and is now very warm. 

Our folks tapped our sugar trees last Monday so we could make our own 
sugar. We have made eighty-five pounds and they think they shall have syrup 
enough by night to make up the one hundred. I think it is as nice as we ever 
made. Gideon and Julius are both making for themselves. 

The tops of the wheat is killed considerable but your father was over to it 
this morning and he says it is sprouting up thick and the ground is dry enough 
to go to plowing. Tell Philip if he was only here to begin his Spring work he 
could not help being highly delighted. I little thought when I left you that it 
would be so long before I saw you again, but I begin to fear that you will wait 
so long to get a great price there, that you will lose more here by having the 
best chances taken up that are convenient to timber and water, etc. It is a great 
chance for making a little money go a great ways in buying good land. 

There is an abundance of excellent prairie and considerable timber land not 
taken up yet that can be got at the land office for one dollar and twenty cents per 
acre. Anyone would be very foolish to chop and clear land here when there are 
thousands and thousands of acres already cleared ; and no stump roots or stones 
to molest you, but there is plenty of excellent stone in the timber and in ledges 
along the water courses. Your father often used to say he would like to have 
the stone by itself and the land by itself ; he now has his wish. 

They say there is a ledge about two or three miles from here on the bank of 
the river that rises twenty or thirty feet high and appears to be in regular layers. 
Some of the men have dug out some to use about buildings which they say is 
very beautiful stone, others say that it is a quarry of Turkish marble but how it 
will turn out I cannot say. 

Julius is pleasantly situated and has a nice little black-eyed wife, she is young 
— ^will be eighteen next August, but she seems to understand business very well 
and keeps things snug. Martin went to board with them soon after they com- 
menced housekeeping and is there now. Your father often says that he would 
rather have Julius' place than his old farm and I do not think Julius would trade 
if he could, to go back there to live ; he has one hundred and sixty acres which 
cost two hundred and forty-five dollars. 

I have made fifty-five cheeses this last season, and the boys took thirty of 
them to Dubuque and sold them for a shilling per pound, then bought three 
kettles to make sugar in, also one dish kettle for six pence per pound, four pairs 
of men's high shoes for twelve shillings per pair. Your father says they are the 
best shoes he ever had. 

Pork and grain are very cheap here now. 

Philip, I will write a little to you. If you cannot sell to get all of your money 
down, leave it in good hands where you can depend upon it when promised, get 
what you can, and sell oflf your stock, they will bring cash at some price. If you 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 295 

should leave any in that way, get the man to deposit the money in some good 
permanent bank and get a certificate of deposit and have him send it to you. 
There is a farm that lies between Martins and ours with some people living on 
it who have paid for two eighties and have a claim on a considerable more. I 
hear they have borrowed the most of the money to pay for it, so we think it might 
be sold pretty reasonable. There is another one of the same family that lives 
the other way between Gideon and us which if you could get would suit you, but 
I do not know as he would sell, there is no danger however, but what you could 
suit yourself. I would not advise you to buy land of any man there that owns 
land here, for the chance is as good for you as it is for others. We have not 
the money now but we calculate to help you all as fast as we can. There are sev- 
eral men owing, of whom we can get nothing but work, so we thought it best 
to have a little more house room ; they got out and hewed the timber for it week 
before last. We calculate to build a room on the east end of this eighteen by 
twenty, then a back room the whole length of the house for bed rooms and other 
conveniences. Gideon got out the timber the same week for his house, twenty 
by thirty-two, I believe. 

If you come you had better get a good strong wagon and team that is stout 
and true, and if you could, get another good horse, and strong light wagon for 
your family if Harvey should come with you. It is best to have two in company, 
if anything should happen you could assist each other or if any of your friends 
wish to come tell them they had better start, for if they once get here they cannot 
help being suited. You will have to travel through a great many places that you 
will not like and many more that you will like but if you can get here and buy 
land as good as the best at ten shillings per acre it will pay all. 

I think there is as little complaining of sickness here as I ever knew in any 
place, but I think it would be a good plan to make a jug of syrup such as I made 
when I was at your home, and get some boxes of Persian pills, a box or two 
of Davids plasters, they are very valuable. 

I wish you could get me a patent wheel head. I cannot hear of any here, but 
they say they make wheels of both sorts a few miles from here. 

I want you to write immediately and let us know your calculations. 
I remain your ever affectionate mother, 

Abigail Peet. 

wild game in fairview township. 

At the present time there is but very little wild game in Fairview township 
and the hunter and sportsman has very little game to hunt. What game there is 
consists of a small variety, such as rabbits, squirrels, a few prairie-chickens and 
wild ducks. On account of the stringent laws protecting the quail quite a num- 
ber have accumulated until it is a common occurrence to see a small bevy along 
the road-side. 

The Anamosa Eureka under date of October 28, 1909, published an article 
entitled **A Realm of Paradise" which vividly sets out the conditions of the early 
game of Fairview township, which is as follows: 



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296 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

A REALM OF PARADISE. 



A Few Experiences in Hunting and Fishing in the Early Times. 



"In a recent interview with Mr. Hiram Joslin. who landed in Jones county, 
Aug. 27, 1837, he narrated some of the experiences of himself and other members 
of the family. In those days deer, elk, wild turkeys, etc., were very plentiful 
everywhere, particularly in the *Big woods/ as the Wapsie timber belt was called. 
Mr. John G. Joslin, the father of Hiram, Clark, Harrison, Daniel, Thurston and 
their sisters, we remember well as a great hunter, and many a deer, elk and wild 
turkey fell before his unerring rifle. All the boys, and, in fact, most of the old 
settlers were more or less given to exploits of this character. Mr. Hiram Joslin 
claims the honor of having shot the biggest disar ever killed in the county. Mr. 
Miles Russell, another old hunter remembered by a few, was with Mr. Joslin at 
the time. They were one and a half miles northwest of Fairview when Hiram 
finally brought down the big buck. The buck^s mate was with him and was fol- 
lowed a short distance and shot, the ball cutting a big artery. Hiram then went 
home, southeast of Fairview, hitched a yoke of oxen to a sled and, with his 
father accompanying him, drove two or three miles, loaded up the game and 
hauled it in. The buck weighed over four hundred pounds, and in all probability, 
as Mr. Joslin says, was the largest ever captured in this locality. Hiram gave 
the skins to his father, who had learned from the Indians the art of dressing 
and tanning them for clothing, which we remember to have seen worn frequently. 
Mr. Joslin said the buckskin suit was *a little sticky when wet but lasted long — 
too long, sometimes, to suit him.* 

"On one occasion when Hiram and his father were returning home by moon- 
light from a trip up in the Buffalo timber they discovered a flock of turkeys roost- 
ing in trees at some distance. Hiram mimicked a hoot owl and that started the 
gobblers going. Hiram slipped through the brush until within reach, sighted 
along the gHmmering gun barrel in the moonlight, fired and downed his bird. 
This was about a mile northwest of the George Perkins place, near the Buffalo. 
At that time many of the roads were little more than Indian trails. 

"Mr. Joslin recalled a fishing trip in which he, his brothers John and Har- 
rison and their father and George and Eli Brown joined. While on their way 
to the Wapsie they ran on a couple of elk. The Browns had a rifle and shot the 
biggest of the pair, but the other waded across the river and escaped. After dark 
two torches were set aflame and borne quietly along the shore. John Joslin 
speared a sturgeon weighing sixty pounds. This was their biggest prize, but 
before they concluded their night's sport they also had captured six or eight 
muskellunge, and when they were hung on poles suspended on their shoulders 
some of their tails touched the ground. This is not an incredible story, by any 
means, for we remember to have seen muskellunge weighing from twenty-two 
to twenty-eight pounds, and have known of their being occasionally taken that 
weighed from thirty to forty pounds, a fact that Mr. Joslin, we doubt not, can 
corroborate from his personal knowledge. 

"Wild geese, ducks and pigeons in their season by the millions, and prairie 
chickens and quails innumerable — a mere mention is sufficient, for they were a 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 297 

drug in the market. But those days are gone, never to return, and we are com- 
pelled to accept what we call advanced civilization and find the best compensa- 
tions we can to take the place of the superb, unequaled, near-to-nature delights 
and experiences of the huntsmen and fishermen who made this veritable paradise 
their home in the days of the early pioneers." 

The Thirty-third General Assembly of the State of Iowa passed a law that no 
person shall hunt, pursue, kill or take any wild animals, bird or game in this 
State with a gim, without first procuring a license known as a hunter's license. 
This license must be procured at the office of the County Auditor and costs the 
sum of one dollar, which money is transferred to the Treasurer of State and 
placed to the credit of a fund known as the fish and game protection fund. 

The number of citizens of Jones county who have procured a license from 
the County Auditor's office up to December i, 1909, was one thousand and twenty- 
four. This indicates that a good proportion of our citizens are interested to a 
greater or less degree in hunting. 

THE FIRST POSTOFFICE. 

In 1840, a weekly horseback mail was placed on the route between Dubuque 
and Iowa City, via Edinburg, the then county seat, and coming into the military 
road at Dartmouth, now Anamosa. In 1841, Gideon N. Peet procured the estab- 
lishment of a postoffice at his residence, a mile west of Russell's, and was ap- 
pointed postmaster. This was the first postoffice and postmaster in the township, 
the nearest postoffice being then at Edinburg, James Hutton, postmaster; Big 
Woods, Mr. Grauel, postmaster; Rome (now Olin), Norman B. Seely, post- 
master; Springville, Colonel Butler, postmaster, and Monticello, William Clark, 
postmaster. Mr. Peet conducted his postoffice well, but the business was light, 
for the people were few, and the rates of letter postage were burdensome. Money 
was a scarce article, the country not having recovered from the effects of the 
crash of 1837, and the government accepting nothing at the land offices or post- 
offices except gold and silver. The money mostly current was "red-dog," "wild- 
cat," and "stumptail," that is, the money of the state banks, and no man receiving 
it one day could tell what it would be worth the next. In such a condition of 
things, and every man hoarding to pay the government for his land, the amount 
of mail sent and received was small. After some months, Mr. Peet wished to 
rid himself of the care of the office. Russell desired the position, as he said, "so 
that he could read all the papers," and the expression may have been one of his 
many jests. In some way, and through his personal friend. Senator A. C. Dodge, 
at Washington, his wish was gratified. Months passed. The mail came weekly 
at about the noon hour. Almost daily, Russell might be seen stepping to his door 
after dinner, and, with vexation depicted on his face, looking up the road leading 
into the timber and to the Wapsipinicon bridge. Waiting for the mail kept him 
from his farm work, and finally he declared the postoffice was "nothing but a 
plague," and sent into Washington his resignation in favor of A. B. Dumont. 

Dumont was a carpenter, one of the two sons of J. B. Dumont, then recently 
arrived from the State of New York, and settled in Fairview. The other son 
was Fred, an invaHd at the time, and now one of the substantial farmers near 



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298 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Fairview. The new postmaster, Mr. Dumont, had a job at Marion, Linn county, 
and placed the office in charge of Edmund Booth, his next-door neighbor, for a 
few weeks. The time ran into six months, and still having work at Marion, 
Dumont concluded to resign. Dr. Sylvester G. Matson, then living on the military 
road just south of Reed's Creek, desired it, and Mr. Dumont resigned in his 
favor. Mr. Booth remarks that during the six months the postoffice was in his 
care, the sum total of his compensation, that is postmaster's percentage on re- 
ceipts, was just six dollars. Dr. Matson held the position one month, and, like 
his predecessors, found the glory small and the pay still smaller. He, too, threw 
up the affair, and another man succeeded him. The name of the office all this 
time was Pamaho, suggested by Mr. Peet in his petition to the department in 1841, 
Mr. Peet stating it was the name of an Indian chief in Wisconsin.. 

The following is a complete list of postmasters of the village of Fairview, 
once called Pamaho, from September 16, 1840, when the postoffice was estab- 
lished until the twenty-fourth day of October, 1904, when the postoffice was 
discontinued and mail was carried by rural mail carriers from Springville, Iowa : 

Pamaho (changed to Fairview). Gideon N. Peet (Estab.) Sept. 16, 1840. 

Clement Russell, appointed July 8, 1843. 

Sylvester G. Matson, appointed, March 2, 1844. 

Amasa B. Dumont, appointed April 27, 1846. 

S. G. Matson, appointed March 16, 1848. 

Burton Peet, appointed July 3, 1849. 

John Craighead, appointed July 29, 1850. 

Amos Merrill, appointed March 20, 1854. 

Joseph A. Secrest, appointed October 11, 1854. 

Eli Jessup, appointed February 9, 1855. 

Eli Gilbert, appointed December 12, 1855. 

Giles J. Hakes, appointed July 12, 1856. 

William F. Arnold, appointed May 9, 1862. 

Calvin McGowen, appointed November 2, 1866. 

Ames Merritt, appointed October 9, 1868. 

Geo. D. McKay, appointed March 24, 1869. 

Amos Merrill, appointed June 8, 1874. 

Samuel B. Coleman, appointed October 8, 1877. 

Amos Merrill, appointed November 12, 1877. 

Calvin McGowen, appointed January 21, 1880. 

Miss Elizabeth Wood, appointed January 18, 1881. 

Miss Elizabeth Warner, appointed September 11, 1882. 

Joseph D. Secrest, appointed March 3, 1886. 

Mrs. Jane McGowan, appointed November 9, 1886. 

James Northrup, appointed October 16, 1888. 

Mrs. Vesta Holden, appointed December 12, 1894. 

James W. Allee, appointed August 22, 1898. 

William T. Cason, appointed September 6, 1900. 

Harry L. Keam (or Kearn), appointed May 8, 1901. 

Albertus Somers, appointed March 10, 1902. 

Katharine M. Mott, appointed August 13, 1902. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 299 

Discontinued October 24, 1904. Effective November 14, 1904. Mail to 
Springville. 

ANAMOSA. 

On June 28, 1840, Colonel Thomas Cox, at the solicitation of J. D. Wal- 
worth laid out the town which was called Dartmouth and which is now the pres- 
ent location of Anamosa. The plat made by him was never recorded and 
amounted to nothing. The platting of Dartmouth was done the day after the 
locating of the county seat by the county commissioners, Thomas S. Denson and 
Charles Hutton, June 20, 1840, in section 36, township 83, north range 3, which 
was called Edinburg. R. J. Cleaveland of Olin, in the year 1846, laid the town 
of Lexington, and the name Lexington was changed Anamosa, and that portion 
of the city now called '*down town" by some and "Dublin" by others, corresponds 
to the original town of Lexington. 

To the original town there has been made the following additions and sub- 
divisions : 

1. Crockwell's Addition in the year 1848. 

2. Crockwell's Out-Lots in the year 1847. 

3. Ford's Addition in the year 1848. 

4. Walworth's Addition in the year 1849. 

5. Walworth's Out-Lots in the year 1849. 

6. Fisher's East Anamosa in the year 1850. 

7. Fisher's Addition in the year 1865. 

8. Webster's Out-Lots in the year 1854. 

9. Hadock's Out-Lpts 27, East Anamosa. 

10. Keller's Subdivision of lot i, Fisher's Addition. 

11. Warren's Subdivision of part of Walworth's Addition. 

12. Shaw's Subdivision of lot i, section 11, town 84, range 4. 

13. Soper & Boardman's Subdivision of lots 25, 26, 28, 29, Fisher's East 
Anamosa. 

14. Kimball's Subdivision of 5, 6 and part of 7, Webster's Out-Lots. 

15. Peter's Subdivision of the west half of lot 4 of Fisher's Addition. 

16. Gibb's Addition. 

17. Skinner's Addition. 

18. Boardman's Subdivision of lots 2 and 3 of Webster's Out-Lots. 

19. Peter's Subdivision of lot 30, and west half of lot 31 of Walworth's 
Addition. 

20. Ruber's Subdivision. 

21. Shaw's Subdivision of the east half of lot 4 of Fisher's Addition, and part 
of the northeast quarter of the southwest quarter of the southwest quarter of 
section 2, town 84, range 4. 

22. Hick's Addition. 

23. Shaw's Subdivision of lot 25 of Fisher's East Anamosa. 

24. Sale's Subdivision of Out-Lot i of Walworth's Addition. 

25. Boardman & Soper's Subdivision of lots 6, 7 and 10 of Anamosa. 

26. Booth's Subdivision of lot 2 of Fisher's Addition. 

27. Crane's Subdivision of part of Walworth's Addition. 



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300 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

28. Osborne's Subdivision of part of Walworth's Addition. 

29. Fisher's Subdivision of part of Walworth's Addition. 

30. Subdivision A, of Skinner's Addition. 

31. Shaw's Subdivision of lot 26 of Fisher's East Anamosa. 

32. Shaw's Subdivision of part of lot 4, and the northeast quarter of the 
northeast quarter of section 10, town 84, range 4, west of the fifth principal 
meridian. 

The first settlers located in Anamosa in the year 1838. 

The census of 1875 shows the population of 1,598 as taken by the township 
assessor, but the accuracy of this census was seriously questioned by a great 
many people. The census of 1885 showed a population of 1,874; 1890, 2,078; 
1895, 2,006; 1900, 2,891 ; 1905, 2,878; and it is estimated that the census of 1910 
will show a population of over 3,000. Anamosa was incorporated as a village 
in 1856 and as a city in 1872. 

Anamosa is a beautiful city of 2,878 inhabitants, 930 feet above the sea 
level, situated at the junction of the Wapsipinicon and BuflFalo Creek and at the 
foot of three hills, thus being well protected from wind and storm. The 
scenery in and around the city is most romantic and attractive and the bluffs 
near the Wapsipinicon River and particularly at High BluflF are often compared 
to the scenery along the Hudson. On account of the attractiveness of the 
scenery at High Bluff and its convenience to Anamosa many picnics are 
held there and during the months of June, July and August it is the scene of 
many camping parties and frequently families will be there in tents most of the 
summer. Another pretty place is Saum's Creek, which is commonly called 
Horse Shoe Bend, being at the junction of Saum's Creek and the BuflFalo Creek 
about three-quarters of a mile northwest of the State quarries. This also is a 
favorable picnic ground and has been for a number of years. 

THE COUNTY SEAT. 

Anamosa is the county seat of Jones county and has been since the year 
1847. The town of Newport being selected as the county seat in June, 1846, 
was a political joke as it was a hard place to reach at that time and a long dis- 
tance from the center of population. 

Preparations were made for the erection of a log courthouse, and some of 
the timbers were placed on the ground, but nothing was ever done toward its 
completion. The commissioners rented a room from Adam Overacker for their 
meeting, and made arrangements with him to supply rooms to accommodate the 
court at the proper season. 

When Judge Wilson reached the spot, and found there was no place prepared 
for holding court, save in a room of the log shanty ; saw no other house in the 
vicinity, and nought in view save trees and waving prairie-grass, he got into his 
buggy and drove off to his home in Dubuque. Xo term of court was held during 
the time the county seat was at Newport. The result of the election which fixed 
upon Newport was generally looked upon as a joke. It satisfied no one except 
Adam Overacker, and was much less suited to the needs of the county than 
Edinburg. As soon as possible, the assistance of the legislature was again 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 303 

called in, and privilege was granted by that body to vote for a county seat, ac- 
cording to their own inclinations. If this election should not show a majority 
for any one point, a second election should be held, in which the two places 
having the greatest number of votes in the first election should be the only ones 
in the field. 

On the first election, in the spring of 1847, ^ve points were returned, viz.: 
Lexington, Newport, Rome, Monticdlo and Scotch Grove. No votes were given 
to Edinburg, Newport and Lexington stood highest, and in the second contest, 
about two weeks later, a victory resulted in favor of Lexington, whose name 
was afterward changed by authority of Judge Wilson, of the district court, to 
Anamosa. 

After the election, the commissioners met June 10, 1847, ^^ Edinburg. They 
adjourned till 7 o'clock, June 11, when they immediately took a recess to meet 
at 8 o'clock in the afternoon at Lexington. We might, therefore, say that this 
town became the county seat between 7 A. M. and 8 P. M., June 11, 1847. The 
house of G. H. Ford was temporarily secured for court purposes and the trans- 
action of county business. 

Lexington had been surveyed by R. J. Cleaveland, June 18, 1846, with Mahan 
& Crockwell as proprietors. It was replatted, with provision for a public square, 
in June, 1847, by H. Mahan, John D. Crockwell and G. H. Ford, who, in accord- 
ance with a previous pledge, donated to the county of Jones, fifty lots of the 
new town and a public square. Of these lots, forty-eight were sold at the July 
term of the Commissioners' Board, realizing to the county seven hundred and 
twenty-five dollars. 

The contract for building a two-story frame courthouse was let to G. H. Ford 
at eight hundred dollars. This building was 30x40 feet, and could not have been 
built at so low a price had it not been that most of the necessary material was 
already donated to the county. This courthouse was first occupied January 3, 
1848. Various attempts have been made in later years to remove the county 
seat from Anamosa to a more central locality. In the vote of April 6, 1857, a 
contest was waged between Anamosa and Madison, with a result of 1,024 to 717 
in favor of the former. In the following year, an attempt to remove the seat of 
justice to the northeast quarter of section i, Jackson township, failed of a ma- 
jority by 33 votes. The ballot stood 1,278 to 1,245. ^^ October, 1874, the 
people were called upon to decide between Anamosa and Center Junction. The 
contest was a bitter one, and not without some fear on the part of the friends 
of Anamosa. The latter, however, were successful by a vote of 1,993 to 1,592. 

The courthouse above mentioned, as built by G. H. Ford in 1847, was used 
by the county until 1864. Some brick offices had also been erected, which stood, 
with the courthouse, down in the part known as the "old town" of Anamosa. 
Though the old building did good service for the county for some eighteen 
years, yet it was not free from the gnawings of the "tooth of time," and we 
find, in the midwinter meeting of the board of supervisors, the following reso- 
lutions offered: 

Whereas, H. C. Metcalf has generously offered to Jones county suitable 
rooms for county offices and a commodious hall in which to hold the district 
court, for the term of two years free of rent, with the privilege of using the 



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304 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

same three years longer for such rent as the board of supervisors may see fit to 
allow, and 

Whereas. The ruinous and dilapidated condition of the building known as 
the Jones county courthouse, now only renders it a fit habitation for bats and 
owls, and as we, the representatives of Jones county, do not desire longer to 
dispute possession with a class of tenants whose claims are vastly superior to 
ours, therefore 

Resolved, That this board accept said proposition and order a removal of the 
public records as soon as said Metcalf shall make to the county a lease of the 
aforesaid rooms, in accordance with the conditions above stated. 

This resolution was finally adopted on the sixth day of the term, January, 
1864. The old courthouse was sold at auction November 15, 1864, to E. B. 
Alderman for two hundred and fifty dollars, and was moved up town. 

The rooms rented of Mr. Metcalf were occupied free of rent for two years, 
when they were leased at the rate of two hundred and fifty dollars per year. 
The county offices remained here until the fall of 1871 when they were removed 
to their present location in Shaw's block. The courtroom was removed to Lehm- 
kuhFs block in January, 187 1, the hall in Metcalf 's building being inadequate to 
the needs of the county. For three years, the county rented the rooms occupied 
by the county officers. During the time of the contest for the county seat between 
Center Junction and Anamosa, the latter city in its corporate capacity appro- 
priated three thousand dollars and private citizens subscribed two thousand dol- 
lars more, with which amount and one thousand dollars additional pledged, the 
entire second floor of Shaw's block and the auditor's office on the first floor were 
purchased and conveyed to the county of Jones, to belong to said county so 
long as they were occupied for county and court purposes. In the event that 
the county seat is removed from Anamosa, these rooms are to revert to their for- 
mer owners, the city and citizens of Anamosa. 

Four terms of court are held in Jones county each year, viz.: March, May, 
September and December. The longest terms usually being March and Septem- 
ber. Three judges preside over the court in Anamosa: Hon. F. O. Ellison, Hon. 
Milo P. Smith, Hon. W. N. Treichler. Judge F. O. Ellison living in Anamosa 
holds two terms of court and each of the other judges one. The county officers 
all reside in Anamosa and frequently remain after their term of office expires 
and become permanent residents of the city. 

BUSINESS INTERESTS. 

As a business center Anamosa leads the county as is indexed by the vast 
amount of freight shipped in and out by its three railroads, viz.; Chicago, Mil- 
waukee & St. Paul Railway Company, Chicago & Northwestern Railway Com- 
pany and Chicago, Anamosa & Northern Railway Company. It has three pros- 
perous and substantial banks: Niles & Watters Savings Bank with a deposit of 
six hundred and five thousand, two hundred and seventy-two dollars and ninety- 
two cents on the loth day of August, 1909, the Anamosa National Bank with a 
deposit of four hundred and ninety-six thousand, one hundred and seventy-one 
dollars and twenty-six cents on the i6th day of November, 1909, and the Citi- 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 305 

zcns Savings Bank with a deposit of one hundred and two thousand, and eighty- 
seven dollars and seventy-seven cents on the lOth day of August, 1909. 

Anamosa has ten blocks of brick paving, ten miles of permanent walks, good 
water works system, good electric light company, good gas company, good fire 
department, good public schools, good postal service and a good free public 
library. Its fire department is one of the best volunteer fire departments in the 
state of Iowa, which in former times took a prominent part in the state tourna- 
ments and has always responded promptly and cheerfully to all fires. It has 
been the means of saving thousands of dollars to the citizens of Anamosa and is 
one of the most beneficial organizations in the city. 

ANAMOSA WATER WORKS. 

It also has a good water works system which is now owned by the city. The 
Anamosa water works was incorporated February 20, 1875, by J. C. Dietz, C. H. 
Lull, N. S. Noble, B. F. Shaw, M. Heisy, T. W. Shapley, J. G. McGuire, T. R. 
Ercanbrack, E. B. Alderman, H. C. Metcalf , J. H. Williams, George Watters, John 
Watters and E. Blakeslee. The corporation stock of the company was fixed at 
ten thousand dollars, with the privilege of increasing to twenty thousand dollars. 
On April 20, 1875, the city of Anamosa gave the water works company a twenty- 
five year franchise. The pump station of the water works company is situated 
near the bridge on the Wapsipinicon River. The reservoir is on the hill between 
South Ford and Booth street and has a capacity of one hundred thousand gallons. 
The majority stock of the company was purchased by John G. Griffith who had 
control of the company for many years. In 1909 the water works company was 
purchased by the city of Anamosa for the sum of twenty thousand dollars. The 
city has already made arrangements to put in new machinery at the pump house, 
which shall be operated by electricity obtained from the electric light company, 
and is already extending the water mains so as to accommodate all citizens. 

MERCANTILE AND PROFESSIONAL. 

Anamosa has many prominent professional and business men and many first 
class stores. It has ten lawyers, six doctors and five dentists. It has six 
grocery stores, five shoe stores, four dry-goods stores, two meat markets, four 
drug stores, three jewelry stores, one furniture store, three millinery stores, two 
newspapers, two livery stables, one large school book and supply company, the 
W. M. Welch Company; one tile spade company, owned and operated by J. A. 
Belknap ; one cooperage company known as the American Cooperage Company, 
with a large plant at Wilson, Arkansas, and a butter tub factory operated in the 
state reformatory, one steam laundry, two blacksmith shops, two lumber yards, 
six churches and a very pretty well kept city park. 

STRAWBERRY HILL. 

Strawberry Hill up until the year 1901 was an independent village adjacent 
to the city of Anamosa but was no part of the city of Anamosa. It maintained 



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306 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

its own municipal government. The division line betweenAnamosa and Straw- 
berry Hill was Division street and all east of Division street constituted Straw- 
berry Hill. By a vote of the people on August 20, 1901, Strawberry Hill was 
annexed and became a part of the city of Anamosa and has been ever since 
When it was annexed two councilmen were elected from Strawberry Hill so that 
she might have representation in the city affairs. In February, 1904, the city 
of Anamosa reduced the number of councilmen from six to four and also reduced 
the number of wards from six to four, and that part of Strawberry Hill north 
of Main street and east of Division street was added to the first ward of Ana- 
mosa, and that part south of Main street and east of Division street became 
part of the fourth ward of Anamosa. At the present time Anamosa has a mayor 
and six councilmen, two elected at large and one from each ward. 

ANAMOSA INCORPORATED. 

In the early part of 1854, a petition was presented to the county judge of 
Jones county, requesting the appointment of an election to decide whether or not 
Anamosa should become an incorporated town. The judge granted the petition 
and named May i, 1854, as the day on which said election should be held, and 
at which election persons residing in the platted village of Anamosa should be 
electors. The result was in favor of an incorporation. 

A second election was ordered to be held in the courthouse of Anamosa on the 
27th of May following, to choose five persons who should prepare a charter 
for the proposed town. This election resulted in the choice of C. L. D. Crockwell, 
D. Kinert, P. R. Skinner, S. T. Pierce and Joseph Dimmitt. 

The charter was not submitted for adoption for almost two years, being 
adopted March 19, 1856, and submitted for the consideration of the county 
judge. By him the first election was immediately ordered, resulting in the 
choice of William T. Shaw, mayor ; C. C. Peet, recorder and G. W. Keller, Joseph 
Mann, S. T. Buxton and H. C. Metcalf, councilmen. 

Anamosa was divided into wards and declared organized as a city February 
6, 1872, by the town council. This organization was completed by the first city 
election held March 4, 1872, when two councilmen were elected from each ward. 

A FEW DATES OF PUBLIC INTEREST. 

August 20, 1901, Strawberry Hill annexed to Anamosa. 

October 14, 190T, ordinance granted to Jones County Telephone Company. 

March 4, 1902, resolution passed to build a city hall and hose house. 

May 5, 1903, contractor Chadwick's bid for the construction of a city hall 
accepted. 

February 5, 1904, voted a five per cent tax to Chicago, Anamosa & Northern 
Railway Company, for a proposed railway from Anamosa to Prairieburg. 

February i, 1904, city reduced from six to four wards. 

May 10, 1906, contract for paving awarded to William Horrabin of Iowa 
City, the lowest bidder, his bid being one dollar and sixty-one cents per yard, 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 307 

stone curbing forty-three cents per foot. This paving cost a total of fifteen 
thousand, nine hundred and ninety-two dollars and fifteen cents. 

September lo, 1907, petition of the voters of Anamosa for the purchase of 
the water works company was filed by the city council. 

October 28, 1907, election for the purchase of the water works system. The 
vote being one hundred and eighty-three for and seventy-nine against. 

ORIGIN OF THE NAME ANAMOSA. 

The name of this city has a somewhat romantic origin, and is derived from a 
simple incident in its early history. This incident occurred in the house of G. H. 
Ford about 1842, and is thus related by Edmund Booth, who happened to be 
present: "One day three Indians came in. At a glance, it was seen that they 
were not of the common, skin-dressed, half wild and dirty class. They were a 
man, woman and daughter, and all wore a look of intelligence quite diflFerent 
from the generally dull aspect of their race. The man and woman were dressed 
mostly in the costume of white people, with some Indian mixed; but the girl, 
bright and pleasant faced, and apparently about eight or ten years old, was wholly 
in Indian dress. One can form some tolerable idea of her appearance from the 
carved full length figures sometimes found in front of tobacco and cigar shops 
in the cities. These are not always fancy figures, but taken from real life, though 
such are rarely, if ever, seen among Indians, as they travel from one part of 
the country to another. The girl was dressed as becomes the daughter of a 
chief. She was really a handsome girl. Her dress was entirely Indian, bright 
as was the expression of her face, tasteful, and yet not gaudy. She wore orna- 
mented leggings and moccasins, and her whole appearance was that of a well- 
dressed Indian belle. 

"It was evident that these Indians were, as we said, not of the common order, 
and this fact excited more interest in us and Mr. and Mrs. Ford, no other per- 
sons being present, than was usually the case at that day, when the sight of 
native sons and daughters of the wild frontier was a common occurrence. The 
three were entirely free from the dull, wary watchfulness of their kind, and, 
though somewhat reserved at first, were possessed of an easy dignity. They 
readily became cheerful, and but for their light red color, would be taken for 
well-bred white people. They were from Wisconsin and on their way west. 

"We inquired their names. The father's was Nasinus. The name of the 
mother was a longer one and has escaped our memory. The name of the daugh- 
ter was Anamosa — pronounced by the mother, An-a-mo-sah, as is the usual way, 
and corresponds to the Indian pronunciation of Sar-a-to-gah, the Saratoga of 
New York. When we asked the mother the name of her daughter, the latter 
laughed the pleasant, half bashful laugh of a young girl, showing she understood 
the question but did not speak. This interview was decidedly agreeable all 
around. After more than an hour spent in conversation, having taken dinner, 
they departed on the military road westward, leaving a pleasant impression be- 
hind them. 

"It occurred to us that the names of the father and daughter were suitable 
for new towns — in fact, infinitely preferable to repeating Washington and various 



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308 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

others for the hundredth time. Unfortunately, we neglected to ascertain of them 
the meaning of their names, but, some years later, Pratt R. Skinner removed 
here from Dubuque and established a land agency, subsequently a dry-goods 
store, under the firm of Skinner & Clark. Mr. Skinner had been engaged in 
government surveys in this part of Iowa, and was no stranger to the Indians 
and their language. He said the word Anamosa signified white fawn, and the 
probability of such being the case is natural enough, when we consider the Indian 
custom of naming persons from individual objects. 

"After Lexington had been platted on this spot and had become the county 
seat, we brought forward the subject of changing the name of the town, and 
thus avoiding the numerous delays and losses in mail matter, resulting from sim- 
ilarity of postoffice names, almost every northern state having its Lexington, 
Skinner and C. C. Rockwell joined in the move, but, on consultation, the board of 
commissioners concluded they had no power in the premises, and that it was the 
province of the district court. At the first session of that court held in Lexington, 
a petition, gotten up mainly by Skinner and Rockwell, was presented. Judge 
Wilson assented, and since then the town has borne the name of Anamosa." 

THE ANAMOSA POSTOFFICE. 

The Anamosa postoffice was organized on the 4th day of November, 1847, 
and Columbus C. Rockwell was appointed postmaster and from that time until 
the present time there have only been eighteen different postmasters. The fol- 
lowing is an accurate list of postmasters showing their date and time of service 
obtained by the editor from the postal department at Washington, D. C. : 

Anamosa. — Columbus C. Rockwell, appointed November 4, 1847. Chas. L. 
D. Rockwell, appointed May 9, 1849. Joseph A. Hunt, appointed April 28, 1853. 
Linus Osborn, appointed December 10, 1853. Samuel A. Cunningham, appointed 
April 7, 1854. Richard G. Hunt, appointed August 8, 1856. Henry A. Shaffer, 
appointed September 24, 1856. Jonathan H. Show, appointed March 5, 1858 
Amos H. Peaslee, appointed December 9, 1858. Nathan G. Sales, appointed Oc- 
tober 6, i860. Horace C. Metcalf, appointed March 29, 1861. Richard Mc- 
Daniel. appointed March 20, 1866. Harlen Hallenbeck, appointed July 26, 1866. 
Geo. W. Coe (P. & S.),* appointed April 5, 1869. Chas. W. Coe (P. & S.). ap- 
pointed April 20, 1869. Reappointed (P. & S.), December 10, 1872. Reap- 
pointed (P. & S.), January 9, 1877. Wm. B. Fish (P. & S.), appointed January 
24, t88i. Reappointed (P. & S.), January 2,-], 1885. Newton S. Noble (P. & S.), 
April 5, 1887. Reappointed (P.),* February 9, 1888. Elihu J. Wood (P. & S.), 
April 30. 1890. Edward C. Holt (P. & S.), April 17, 1894. Chas. H. Anderson 
(P. & S.), March 22, 1898. Reappointed (P. & S.), April 10, 1902. Reappointed 
(P. & S.), March 21, 1906. 

The present postmaster is Charles H. Anderson, appointed March 22, 1898, 
and has been twice reappointed. Mr. Anderson has been a very competent and 
obliging postmaster and has aided materially in the present accommodation of the 
office and in the increase of business. He has increased the business from five 
thousand, three hundred and nine dollars and sixty-two cents in the year ending 

•(p. & S.)=prcsiclent and senate. (P.,)=presicient. 



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POSTOFFTCE. ANAM08A 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 311 

March i, 1898, when he was appointed, to ten thousand, four hundred and fifty- 
two dollars and thirty-eight cents for the year 1908. It was through his efforts 
that the office was placed in the rank of second-class office July i, 1904, giving 
the city free delivery. February i, 1906, two mail carriers were established and 
on April i, 1907, a third was granted. The present carriers are A. A. Bagley, 
E. B. Harrison and Richard Owen. There are five rural mail routes from the 
Anamosa postoffice established as follows: No. i. May i, 1902; No. 2, January 
I, 1902; No. 3, January i, 1902; No. 4, December i, 1902; No. 5, November 15, 
1902. The Anamosa postoffice has the finest home of any postoffice in Jones 
county. 

The present postoffice officers are: postmaster, C. H. Anderson; assistant 
postmaster, C. L. Anderson; clerksr: Hugh Reid, B. I. McLaughlin and F. C. 
.\lton. 

ANAMOSA HOME COMING. 

The Anamosa fair association thinking that a homecoming week on the same 
date$ as the Anamosa fair would be a splendid thing for the community, appointed 
Qifford L. Niles, James E. Remley and E. R. Moore a committee to properly 
advertise the homecoming and make the necessary arrangements. This com- 
mittee did active work and made the necessary arrangements and preparation for 
the Anamosa homecoming. The fair association appointed the following com- 
mittee of the Anamosa citizens to take charge of the homecoming and arrange 
the program, viz. : E. J. Wood, T. E. Booth, H. M. Remley, M. Belknap, C. J. 
Cash, B. H. Miller, Mrs. David Hakes, Mrs. Edward Foley, Mrs. E. M. Harvey 
and Mrs. Geo. W. Byerly. 

The following program was adopted by the committee : 

Tuesday, October 24, 1909. Reception and registration at city hall. 

Wednesday, 9 .00 o'clock. Reunion at City Park, Mayor Robert Johnson pre- 
siding. Address of Welcome, Judge F. O. Ellison. Responses, Chancy Wood, 
Rapid City, S. D. ; J. M. Parsons, Des Moines, Iowa ; Captain E. B. Soper, Esther- 
ville, Iowa. 

1 1 :30 a. m. Picnic dinner at City Park. 

Thursday, 9 o'clock. Visit to city reformatory. 

10 o'clock. Automobile ride. 

Thursday, 2 p. m. City Park, a general reunion and program of music and 
impromptu addresses. 

On account of the unfavorable weather conditions the program was carried 
out at the courthouse, Mayor Johnson presiding. Jansa's band of Cedar Rapids 
furnished good music, as also did Miss Blanche Port's girl choir. Judge F. O. 
Ellison was then introduced and gave a very hearty, enthusiastic welcome to all 
homecomers. Rev. D. C. Dutton of Webster City, Missouri, responded to Judge 
Ellison's eloquent welcome in a most happy and pleasing manner. Judge B. H. 
Miller was then introduced and gave some very timely remarks regarding early 
Anamosa and Jones county history. 

The picnic which was planned to be held at the City Park was held in the 
parlors 0/ the Methodist church and a most enjoyable time was had. The women 
had charge of the picnic dinner under the leadership of Mrs. Geo. W. Byerly and 



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312 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Mrs. Ed Foley and their work was faithfully performed and the picnic dinner 
was one of the most successful features of the homecoming. Some of the other 
parts of the program were not completed on account of the excessively rainy 
weather. 

The following is a list of those who registered, consisting of two hundred and 
forty-three names, which does not include all of those who returned to Anamosa. 

Chas. Allen, Lillian Wheeler Allen, 1884; H. L. and Ruth Allen, Lohrville; 
Mrs. Myrtle Clark Albee, Colorado Springs, Colorado,! 901. 

Florence L. Beam, Minneapolis, 1903; Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Beam, Murdo, 
South Dakota, 1906; A. R. Byerly, Mrs. E. A. Byerly, Fredonia, Kansas, 1875; 
Mabel Booth Brewer, 1897; Gertrude and Helen Brewer, Bozeman, Montana; 
Wm. Bodenhofer, Hackensack, Minnesota, 1906; Geo. and Mrs. Brimacombe, 
Sabetha, Kansas, 1908; Morgan Bumgardner, Cedar Falls, 1869; J. H. Boots, 
Huron, South Dakota, Mrs. Janet Boots, 1904; Jarold H. Boots; F. M. Byerly, 
Delhi, 1899; C. H. Byerly, Cedar Rapids, 1901 ; J. W. Byers, Cedar Rapids, 1903 ; 
Faye Brock, Alden; A. Bricker, Maquoketa. 

W. P. Connery, Murdo, South Dakota, 1909; Edith Caulkins, Knoxville, Ten- 
nessee; M. Chaplin, Lawrence, Kansas, 1908; J. F. Cohoon, Cedar Falls, 1907; 
Mrs. W. M. Carter, 1897; Hildreth A., Carol A. and Willis G. Carter, San An- 
tonio, Texas; Mrs. Julia Cowen, Chicago; Mrs. Bessie and Francis Coleman, Des 
Moines; Mrs. Coon, Oxford Junction, 1859; Elias Curttright, Marshalltown ; W. 
M. Carter, San Antonio, Texas. 

Robert T. Dott, Salem, South Dakota, 1S83; Mrs. M. E. Dott. Sioux City; 
Robert O. Dott,, Salem; J. D. E. Doolittle, Coggon, 1887; Rev. and Mrs. D. C. 
Dutton, Helen A. and Adena C. Dutton, Webb City, Missouri, 1907. 

Alice Doyle, F. J. Dawson, Dubuque; Mrs. Ed. Doyle, Viola, 1889; Ed. Dor- 
sey, Clinton ; W. A. Dunn, Agent C. R. L & P. 1867. 

Bessie Ewing, Cedar Rapids, 1906; Frank O. Erwin, Cedar Rapids, 1902. 

W. H. and Grace V. Farragher, Livermore, California, 1903; T. W. Foley, 
Denver; Mrs. Eliza McDaniels, Fenton, Cedar Rapids; H. O. Frink, Chicago, 
1901 ; Joy L. Frink, Chicago, 1881. 

Mrs. J. W. Gerber, 1887; Helen C. Gerber, Washington, D. C. ; Bertha A. 
Graham, Chattanooga, Oklahoma, 1901 ; Olivine Graham; Dell Gleason, Ames, 
1907; A. N. and Mrs. Griswold, Cedar Rapids, 1881 ; Ben H. Griffith, Nara Visa, 
New Mexico, 1909; Earl and Mrs. Gough, Mt. Vernon; W. F. Glick, Perry; Mrs. 
R. R. Griffith, Moline, Illinois; Hannah R. Gilbert, Rhodes. 

Mrs. Lorinda Huber Smith, Mechanicsville, 1864; C. H. Harvey, 1885, Edith 
C. and Helen W. Harvey, Knoxville, Tennessee ; Mrs. T. E. Hartman, Waterloo, 
1905; B. M. Hester, Ida Grove, 1876; G. W. and E. A. Harvey, Kimball, 
Neb., 1870; Ronald Hartman, Waterloo, 1905; Jane M. Harvey, Des Moines. 
1898; J. P. Hire, J. B. Hepler, Cedar Rapids; Mrs. C. W. Hosford, Mrs. H. 
Paulson, Mrs. V. L. Hanssen, Monticello ; E. S. Holt, Cedar Rapids ; Mrs. Gladys 
Sigworth Hull, Boone. 

J. and Laura J. Ireland, Clinton, 1881 ; L. L. Ireland, Wyoming, 1885. 

H. J. and L. Joslin, Holstein, 1882; R. T. Jeffrey, Ames, 1884; Mrs. Jennie 
Niles Jeffrey. Ames, 1902 ; Waller and Mrs. James, Wyoming. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 313 

Mrs. Ella Kershner, Bessie and Lottie Kershner, La Belle, Missouri, 1904; 
Julia, John and lola Kearns, Wellington, Kansas, 1907; Esther L. Kimball, Wy- 
oming; L. H. and Mrs. Kaufmann, Cedar Rapids. 

Mrs. A. V. Larrance, Aledo, Illinois; C. O. and Mrs. Lawson, 1897; R. O. 
and M. R. Lawson, Waterloo; Will and Mrs. Lawrence, Cedar Rapids; Dick 
and Mrs. Lynn, Dubuque, 1903; Loretta Lynn, Dubuque, 1904. 

Wm. McGuire, Chicago, 1894; Mrs. H. M. McGuire, 1894; E. C. Morey, 
Chicago, 1872; Mrs. Lillian Belknap Miller, Rockford, 1904; Fred J. Miller, Rock- 
ford; H. H. Mead, Kingsley, 1880; G. W. and Mrs. Miller, Cedar Rapids, 1900; 
Cyrus and Mrs. Matthews, Sioux City, 1897; Ada C. and Wilma M. Mclntyre, 
Moline, Illinois, 1905 ; Florence and Ruth Matthews, Sioux City ; P. D. Murphy, 
1882; Margaret Murphy, Chicago, 1894; T. R. Susie, I. and K. McLaughlin, Du- 
buque, 1902; Dr. E. A. McLeod, Central City; John McMurrin, Wyoming, 1907; 
F. C. McKean, Salina, Kansas, 1872; Harry W. Miller, Cedar Rapids; L. B. and 
Mrs. Miller and Mary E. Dixon, Illinois. 

John W. Niles, Sterling, Illinois, 1861 ; Leila Niles, Winfield, Kansas, 1902; 
S. D. Newman, Syracuse, Nebraska, 1883; Mrs. O. M. Newman, Marion, 1908; 
Harry Newlin, Viola; W. S. Niles, Cedar Rapids; Mrs. J. E. Nyquist, 1892, Helen, 
Mae and Buford R. Xyquist, Clinton; H. D. Neall, Chicago; Mrs. A. L. Neal, 
Clarksville; R. M. Nandell, Cedar Rapids; Mrs. W. J. Newell and son, Eau 
Claire, Wisconsin. 

M. F. and Mrs. OToole, Kansas City, Missouri, 1909. 

Mrs. A. D. Patton, DeKalb, Illinois, 1884; Emily G. Platts, Trent, South Da- 
kota, 1869; Edith Pearson, Davenport, 1905; J. D. Pope, Cedar Rapids, 1901 ; 
Annette M. Page, Princeton, Illinois, 1904; O. L. Postlewait, Prairieburg, 1884; 
W. E. Potter, Baldwin, 1889; F. W. Port, Olin, 1886; Mrs. H. L. Peters, Edge- 
wood ; Mrs. Fannie Peterson, Central City ; Mrs. G. S. and H. K. Peters, Edge- 
wood; E. W. Penley, Waubeek, 1889; John H. Peck, Iowa City, 1905; J. W. 
Port, Scribner, Nebraska. 

Milton Remley, Iowa City, 1874; Josephine D. Remley, Iowa City, 1874; F. C. 
and Mrs. Reymore, Estherville. 1893; Harry Reymore, Estherville; Mrs. Reese, 
Des Moines; Mrs. C. L. Rumsey, Tilden, Nebraska, 1903; Mrs. E. R. Ristine, 
1897; Feme and Fay Ristine, Buckingham; Bert Raymond, Cedar Falls, 1883; 
Mrs. Alice and Mrs. Fred Raymond, Harry Raymond, Cedar Rapids; Nellie 
Rhodes, Davenport. 

Carrie H. Sheean, Chicago; Claude Stickley, Cedar Rapids, 1904; M. and 
Mrs. Slif e, 1891 ; Earl Slif e, Dedham ; W. D. Sheean, Wilson, Arkansas, Kate 
Sunday, Broughton, Illinois, 1906; Mrs. J. A. Spade, Renner, South Dakota. 
1888; N. P. Stewart, 1890, Catherine Wildey Stewart, 1900, Martha Anne Stew- 
art, Minneapolis ; C. W and Mrs. Stites, Independence, 1875 > C. P. Scroggs, Dal- 
las, South Dakota, 1908; E. G. Stanley, Cedar Rapids; Nate Sherman, Central 
City, 1879; Mrs. Switzer, Viola, 1889; E. B. Soper, Emmetsburg, 1865; Harry 
W. and Mrs. Sigworth, Waterloo, 1906; W. E. Slosson, Chicago, 1867. 

Lucile E. Tucker, KeithsviUe. Louisiana, 1905; G. B. Taylor, Marion, 1897; 
Thomas and Mrs. T. W. Troy. Wilmette, Thomas and Margaret Troy, Keystone, 
1907. 



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314 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

W. O. and Lizzie W. VanNess, Clinton, 1888; Mrs. C. E. VanSant, 1903; 
Dwight and Harriet VanSant, Clinton. 

J. J. and Sarah E. Wolf, Mason City, 1899; Geo. A. and Mrs. Winslow, 
Whiting, Indiana, 1894; Jeannie Lawrence Wicken, Dubuque; L. S. and Mrs. 
Wagner, Cedar Rapids, 1901 ; H. Walderbach, Chicago; L. F. Wagner, Council 
Bluffs, 1902; James Watts, Reno, Nevada, 1897; Henry and Abbietta Porter 
Wilkinson, Morrison, Illinois; Mrs. John Williams, Lawrence Williams, Clinton; 
C. M. Willard, T. E. Hartman, Waterloo ; Henry Watson, Freeport, Illinois, 1907. 

Mrs. E. and Miss N. Yount, Dubuque. 

CITY OFFICERS. 

Anamosa held its first election as an organized town on the first Monday of 
April, 1856. Mayor, William T. Shaw ; recorder, C. C. Peet ; council : G. W. Kel- 
ler, Joseph Mann, S. T. Buxton, H. C. Metcalf. 

1857 — Mayor, Robert Dott; recorder, Charles D. Perfect; councilmen: H. C. 
Metcalf, S. S. McDaniels, E. Cutler, Burton Peet. 

1858 — Mayor, A. H. Peaslee; recorder, E. Cutler; council: E. T. Mellett, W. 
R. Locke, J. J. Welsh, A. P. Carter. 

1859 — Mayor, George W. Field; recorder, C. L. Hayes; council: J. J. Welsh, 
W. R. Locke, A. P. Carter, J. L. Brown. 

i860 — Mayor, N. G. Sales; recorder, O. Burke; council, P. Flannery, J. J. 
Dickinson, David Graham, J. L. Brown. 

1861 — Mayor, N. G. Sales; recorder, O. Burke; council, William Skehan, 
Cornelius Peaslee, Benjamin Chaplin, J. J. Dickinson. 

1862 — Mayor, N. G. Sales ; recorder, J. J. Dickinson ; council : E. B. Alderman, 
Benjamin Chaplin, F. L. McKean, J. D. Walworth. 

1863 — Mayor, J. H. Benjamin, recorder, Robert Dott ; council : E. M. Harvey, 
B. L. Watson, C. J. Higby, E. M. Littlefield. 

1864 — Mayor, Israel Fisher; recorder, E. M. Littlefield; council: A. P. Carter, 
W. M. Skinner, J. S. Belknap, J. S. Perfect. 

1865 — Mayor, Israel Fisher; recorder, E. M. Littlefield; council: A. P. Carter, 
J. S. Belknap, W. M. Skinner, John S. Stacy. 

1866 — Mayor, John S. Stacy; recorder, C. T. Lamson; council: H. C. Met- 
calf, J. C. Dietz, H. Lehmkuhl, P. Haines. 

1867 — Mayor, J. C. Dietz; recorder, A. P. Carter; council: S. G. Matson, C. 
W. HoUenbeck, M. H. Franch, Robert Dott, E. B. Alderman. 

1868 — Mayor, D. McCarn; recorder, A. P. Carter; council, L. Niles, A. Heit- 
chen, B. F. Shaw, H. C. Metcalf, C. W. HoUenbeck. 

1869— Mayor, J. C Dietz ; recorder, E. M. Littlefield ; council : H. C. Metcalf, 
Thomas Perfect, J. H. Fisher, L. F. Clark, Lyman Niles. 

1870— Mayor, E. Blakeslee; recorder, B. F. Shaw; council: H. C. Metcalf, 
J. H. Fisher, B. P. Simmons, A. B. Cox, Lyman Niles. 

1871 — Mayor, Charles Cline; recorder, C. M. Failing; council: B. F. Shaw, 
W. W. HoUenbeck, D. C. Tice, O. M. Ellis, W. S. Benton. 

March 5, 1872, Anamosa was organized as a city, with the following officers: 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 315 

Mayor, Robert Dott; city clerk, C. M. Failing; council: A. Heitchen, A. B. Cox, 
S. G. Matson, J. L. Brown, O. Dunning, S. Neeham, Frank Fisher, C. H. Lull. 

1873 — Mayor, Robert Dott ; clerk, E. M. Littlefield ; council : A. Heitchen, S. G. 
Matson, O. Dunning, Frank Fisher, Milton Remley, L. Schoonover, J. G. Parsons, 
A. V. Eaton. 

i874^Mayor, Robert Dott; clerk, L. B. Peck; council, Milton Remley, L. 
Schoonover, B. P. Simmons, A. V. Eaton, J. T. Rigby, J. S. Belknap, J. B. Mc- 
Queen, Harmon Dorgeloh. 

1875— Mayor, Robert Dott; clerk, L. B. Peck; council: J. T. Rigby, J. S. 
Belknap, C. M. Failing, J. B. McQueen, E. B. Alderman, L. Schoonover, George 
Watters, A. V. Eaton. 

1876 — Mayor, E. Steever (resigned in June and Robert Dott elected to fill 
vacancy); clerk, L. B. Peck; council: E. B. Alderman, L. Schoonover, George 
Watters, A. V. Eaton, T. Clancy, J. T. Rigby, D. M. Hakes, J. S. Belknap. 

1877 — Mayor, N. S. Noble; clerk, L. B. Peck; council: T. Clancy, J. T. Rigby, 

D. M. Hakes, J. S. Belknap, C. L. Niles, D. Chadwick, L. Schoonover, L. J. 
Adair. 

1878 — Mayor, A. V. Eaton; clerk, L. B. Peck; council: C. L. Niles, D. Chad- 
wick, L. Schoonover, L. J. Adair, E. J. Wood, H. W. Sigworth, W. A. Cunning- 
ham, T. R. Ercanbrack. 

1879 — Mayor, A. V. Eaton; clerk, C. M. Brown; council: H. W. Sigworth, 

E. J. Wood, W. A. Cunningham, T. R. Ercanbrack, I. Fisher, M. Heisey, R. L. 
Duer, J. P. Scroggs. 

The historian was unable to obtain the list of city officers from 1879 ^^ 1897, 
as the record could not be found. 

1897 — Mayor, W. D. Sheean; clerk, J. B. Connery; treasurer, T. E. Watters; 
solicitor, C. M. Brown; council, A. M. Simmons, M. P. Sigworth, J. M. D. Joslin, 
John Z. Lull, H. E. M. Niles, F. J. Fuller, E. R. Moore, F. J. Cunningham. 

1898 — Mayor, W. D. Sheean ; clerk, L. J. Fisher ; treasurer, T. E. Watters ; 
solicitor, C. M. Brown; council: H. E. M. Niles, E. L. Atkinson, M. P. Sig- 
worth, A. M. Simmons, J. M. D. Joslin, F. J. Cunningham, J. Z. Lull, E. R. Moore. 

1899 — Mayor, W. D. Sheean; clerk, L. J. Fisher; treasurer, T. E. Watters; 
solicitor, C. M. Brown; council: W. O. Jackells, E. L. Atkinson, Jno. Z. Lull, 
A. M. Simmons, E. R. Moore, W. B. Foley, M. P. Sigworth, J. M. D. Joslin. 

1900 — Mayor, W. D. Sheean; clerk, C. M. Carter; treasurer, T. E. Watters; 
solicitor, C. M. Brown ; council : Miles Cook, E. L. Atkinson, J. Z. Lull, Geo. Wat- 
ters, A. M. Simmons, W. B. Foley, W. A. Cunningham, W. O. Jackells. 

1901 — Mayor, W. O. Jackells; clerk, C. M. Carter, L. J. Fisher; treasurer, 
T. E. Watters ; solicitor. Park Chamberlain ; assessor, D. M. Hakes ; council : E. L. 
Atkinson, J. K. Hale, Geo. Watters, H. V. Powers, D. B. Sigworth, J. P. Scroggs, 
A. C. Peet, M. L. Hollister, A. J. Byerly. 

1902 — Mayor, B. H. Miller ; clerk, L. J. Fisher ; treasurer, T. E. Watters, soli- 
citor. Park Chamberlain; assessor, D. M. Hakes; council, Lou Kaufmann, Jas. 
E. Remley, L. W. Ellis, J. P. Scroggs, B. E. Rhinehart, H. H. Soper, H." V. 
Powers, A. C. Peet, A. J. Byerly, D. B. Sigworth. 

1903 — Mayor, M. P. Sigworth ; clerk, L. J. Fisher ; treasurer, T. E. Watters : 
solicitor. Park Chamberlain; assessor, D. M. Hakes; council: C.W. B. Derr, J. A. 



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316 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Moe, J. M. D. Joslin, Harry Qarke, A. J. Byerly, L. W. Ellis, Jas. Remley, B. E. 
Rhinehart, J. P. Scroggs, H. H. Soper. 

1904 — Mayor, M. P. Sigworth; clerk, B. E. Rhinehart; treasurer, T. E. Wat- 
ters; solicitor, Park Chamberlain; assessor, D. M. Hakes; council: D. Chadwick, 
Wm. Foley, J. A. Moe, G. W. Byerly, J. P. Scroggs, J. M. D. Joslin, M. L. Hol- 
lister, A. J. Byerly. 

1905 — Mayor, L. W. Ellis, clerk, L. J. Fisher; treasurer, T. E. Watters; soli- 
citor, B. E. Rhinehart; assessor, D. M. Hakes ; council : J. G. Fegan, Geo. Beamen, 

F. E. Johnson, A. J. Byerly, D. Chadwick, G. W. Byerly, J. P. Scroggs, M. L. 
HoUister. 

1906 — Mayor, L. W. Ellis ; clerk, L. J. Fisher ; treasurer, T. E. Watters ; so- 
licitor, B. E. Rhinehart; assessor, D. M Hakes; council: F. M. Belknap, C. J 
Cash, J. P. Scroggs, M. L. HoUister, Geo. Beamen, J. C. Fegan, F. E. Johnson, 
A. J. Byerly. 

1907 — Mayor, J. P. Scroggs; clerk, L. J. Fisher; treasurer, T. E. Watters; 
solicitor, B. E. Rhinehart; assessor, D. M. Hakes; council: J. G. Fegan, G. W. 
Beaman, F. M. Belknap, C. J. Cash, C. E. Joslin, T. Burke, A. J. Byerly. 

1908 — Mayor, J. P. Scroggs; clerk, L. J. Fisher; treasurer, T. E. Watters; 
Folicitor, B. E. Rhinehart; assessor, D. M. Hakes, council; F. M. Belknap, W. S. 
Barker, G. Beaman, J. A. Moe, C. E. JosHn, J. W. Conmey, R. D. Mclntyre, 
A. J. Byerly. 

1909 — Mayor, Robert Johnson; clerk, L. J. Fisher; treasurer, T. E. Watters; 
solicitor, B. E. Rhinehart; assessor, D. M. Hakes; council: Ed Foley, F. J. Ful- 
ler, J. L. Kaufmann, Geo. Beamen, R. E. Giltrap, A. J. Byerly. 

BAPTIST CHURCHES OF FAIRVIEW TOWNSHIP. 
FAIRVIEW. 

The first Baptist church organized in Fairview township was situated in the 
village of Fairview. On the 29th day of July, 1848, the following persons met 
in the village, viz. : Louis W. Homan, Nathan B. Homan, Abram Raver, John 

G. Joslin, John Morehouse, Cordelia Peet, Margaret Morehouse, Temperance M. 
Homan, Candace Joslin and Barbara Raver and proceeded to organize a Baptist 
church. They fixed the date, August 17, 1848, as the time when the church should 
be publicly recognized by its sister churches, and appointed Elders Morey and 
Blanchard a committee to notify the nearest churches, which were at the following 
towns : Iowa City, Marion, Davenport, Delaware, Cascade, Dubuque and Maquo- 
keta. On the date fixed the council consisting of the following delegates : Iowa 
City church, Rev. D. P. Smith, pastor. Rev. W. B. Morey; Delaware church, 
Rev. Ira H. Blanchard, pastor, John Mallory and Ezra Blanchard; Dubuque 
church. Rev. T. H. Archibald, pastor ; Davenport, Rev. B. F. Brabrook ; Marion, 
Elihu Ives, Franklin Davis, A. C. Morse; Cascade, Arthur Thomas. Rev. O. L. 
Harding and Brother Rynerson, being present, were invited to sit with the 
council. The council examined very carefully the declarations of the faith and re- 
ligious views of the new church and the covenant and rules which they had 
adopted, and proceeded to recognize them as a regular Baptist church. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 317 

This was a pioneer church in Jones county. The members were sturdy, ener- 
getic men and women who took hold of the church work with an energy and zeal 
which is rarely manifested at the present day. In a few years they built a neat 
brick building, and for nearly fifty years a church was maintained and regular 
services held. During this time Anamosa having railroad advantages, sprang up 
and grew within four miles and the village of Fairview, gradually melted away. 
Many of the members moved to other homes and those remaining united with the 
Anamosa Baptist church. When the church was organized at Anamosa it drew 
from the Fairview church some of its active workers. E. B. Alderman and his 
wife, Lydia Alderman, were among these and were charter members of the Ana- 
mosa church. Lewis W. Homan and Temperance Homan removed from Fairview 
to Adams county, Iowa, in 1856. They were charter members of the First Bap- 
tist church of that county. He was the last surviving of the charter members of 
the Fairview Baptist church, dying at Corning, Iowa, on the 24th day of August, 
1909. His wife, Temperance Homan, departed March 27, 1891. Mr. Homan 
was over ninety-one years old at the time of his death. They had twelve children, 
five of whom are now living, also forty- four grandchildren and fifty-one great 
grandchildren. 

Elder N. B. Homan was for fifteen years pastor of the Fairview church. 
Twenty-five years ago he went to Kansas and labored earnestly in organizing 
and building up Baptist churches until in the fullness of time he was taken. Dea- 
con Timothy Soper and Mrs. Soper and Deacon A. A. Myrick and Mrs. Myrick 
were for years the stay of this church. Deacon Myrick and Mrs. Soper are now 
members of the Anamosa church. While the Fairview church has passed away 
yet its existence was a great good to the community and did much to make bet- 
ter and happier the lives of many of the earlier settlers of Fairview township 
and the adjoining country. 

THE FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH OF ANAMOSA. 

On Saturday, June 26, 1858, Edwin B. Alderman and Lydia A. Alderman and 
Eliphet Kimball, Mary E. Kimball, Jane Trester, Mary Baker and Anganett 
Swazee met at the house of Mr. Kimball in Anamosa and proceeded to organize 
the first Baptist church of Anamosa. Elder Daniel Rowley, of the Iowa Baptist 
State Convention, was present and acted as moderator of the meeting ; E. B. Al- 
derman was elected church clerk. The church voted to have public services at the 
courthouse at three o'clock p. m., on the next day, at which time they were to 
be recognized as a regular Baptist church. The first pastor was Elder N. B. Ho- 
man, who was also pastor of the church at Fairview. The following ministers 
have been pastors of the church : N. B. Homan, 1858-1860; U. R. Walton, 1860- 
1861; N. B. Homan. 1861-1868; M. C Kempsey, 1868-1869; M. T. Lamb, 1869- 
1870; Robert Leslie, 1870-1871 ; C J. B. Jackson, 1872-1876; H. W. Thiele, 
1876-1877; C. F. Tucker, 1877-1879; J. C. Burkholder, 1879-1882; C. L. Morrill, 
1882-1884; C. C. Smith, 1885-1890; A. H. Ballard, 1890-1895; W. E. Glanville, 
1895-1904; J. M. Deschamp, 1904-1907; E. K. Masterson, 1907-1908; John Heri- 
tage, 1908 to the present time. 



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318 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

The following have served as clerks of the church: E. B. Alderman, 1858- 
1860; S. R. Moody, 1860-1864; C French, 1864-1865; J. R. Cook, 1865-1866; 
H. C. Griffith, 1866-1868; I. H. Brasted, 1868-1870; Milton Remley, 1870-1874; 
H. M. Remley, 1874-1887; Jennings Litzenburg, 1887-1889; H. M. Remley, 1889- 
1896 ; I. H. Brasted, 1896 to the present time. 

The church held prayer meetings and services at the home of the various 
members and in the courthouse or other halls, where they could be accommodated, 
until 1868, when they erected a substantial brick building forty by sixty feet with 
a high ceiling and a bell tower. The building cost six thousand dallors and at the 
time of dedication, Sunday, March i, 1868, all the remaining indebtedness was 
paid. At the time of its erection it was the best church building in Anamosa or 
Fairview township. It has been one of the rules of this church that it would not 
go into debt, and from the time of its organization up to the present time, outside 
of the deficiency of one or two hundred dollars in current running expenses, 
there has been no indebtedness. This church has sent out a great many good mem- 
bers and efficient workers to other churches. There have been since its organiza- 
tion up to September i, 1909, five hundred and seventy-six members. The number 
at the present time is one hundred and thirteen. About the year 1886, the church 
built a substantial brick addition providing church parlors and Sunday-school 
rooms. In 1905 the church was further improved by putting a furnace beneath 
the audience room putting in a new sloping maple floor, new hardwood casings 
to the windows, new pulpit and choir platform, new baptistry, a gallery, and 
stained glass windows, and reseating the entire church with the most improved 
seats. This improvement cost over three thousand dollars. The value of the 
church property at the present time is about ten thousand dollars. The audience 
room is exceedingly neat and beautiful. The church also owns a parsonage worth 
about two thousand, five hundred dollars. The present officers of the church 
are: pastor, Rev. John Heritage; deacons: Dr. H. W. Sigworth, C. T. Myrick, 
I. H. Brasted, Henry Morey and John Barrett ; treasurer, B. E. Rhinehart ; clerk, 
I. H. Brasted; trustees: A. H. Morey, C. H. Anderson and Alfred G. Remley. 
Mrs. Lydia Alderman, now living at Riverside, California, is the only surviving 
charter member. 

The Sunday-school has the following officers and teachers: superintendent, 
Mrs. John Heritage; assistant. Miss Nellie Hackett; secretary, Robert G. Rem- 
ley; teachers: B. E. Rhinehart, Mrs. H. L. Haase, Mrs. I. H. Brasted, Nellie 
Morey, Mr. H. L. Haase, Miss Ethel Scroggs, Mrs. Judson McCarn and H. M. 
Remley. The Sunday-school was first organized in 1867. ^^^ ^^^t superintendent 
was E. B. Alderman, who served three years. Milton Remley was then elected 
and served three years; C. W. Coe then served three years; H. M. Remley served 
three years. In 1879 John Stewart, the noted butter maker, was elected superin- 
tendent and served for three years ; I. H. Brasted was elected and served about 
the same length of time; C. T. Myrick was then elected and has been reelected 
a good many times. Since then the following persons have been superintendent 
in the order named ; A. E. Myrick, C. B. Hungerford, Fred B. Sigworth, A. L. 
Remley, H. D. Myrick and the present superintendent. The school has always 
been self-sustaining and has always had plenty of funds. Upon retiring from the 
superintendency, H. M. Remley became the teacher of the old people's Bible class 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 319 

and has taught that class from that time to the present time, over thirty years. His 
class now consists of eighteen members, with an average attendance of eleven 
or twelve members. Four members of the class are over eighty years old and 
the average age is over seventy years 

FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH OF ANAMOSA. 

About the year 1840, Rev. Thomas Emerson commenced special Christian 
labor in what was known as "Big Woods," which included the whole of Fairview 
township and also Greenfield and Rome townships, Jones county. His labors, 
though brief, were attended with some success, and after his departure to Missouri, 
Rev. Rankin secured the names of a few persons with a view to organizing 
a Christian church. But finding the project beset with many difficulties he left it 
unaccomplished. Soon after this, about the year 1844, Rev. E. Alden, Jr., suc- 
ceeded in gathering and organizing a small Congregational church in Rome, in the 
southern part of the county, which probably was the first Congregational church 
organization in the county. Discordant elements caused its dissolution early in 
1846. In the spring of that year Rev. Alfred Wright visited Big Woods as a 
missionary, and in the September following removed to Anamosa, or to what was 
then known as Lexington. He labored here to impress upon the scattered Chris- 
tians the need of a church organization, and on the 14th of November, 1846, 
Samuel Hillis and wife (parents of Newell Dwight Hillis, now of Henry Ward 
Beecher's church, Brooklyn), Solomon Hester and wife, Mrs. Margaret Hester, 
Sr., and Mrs. L. C. Wright met to consider the importance of such a step. After 
prayer and due deliberation a Congregational organization was agreed upon 
though all present were Presbyterians. Samuel Hillis was then elected deacon and 
on the following Sabbath the articles of faith were adopted. Rev. Wright 
continued his labors here until the autumn of 1853, ^ period of about seven and 
a half years. His church then numbered eighty-two members, though scattered 
over a considerable extent of country. 

In 185 1 a frame house of worship was erected a little east of what was then 
the business portion of Anamosa. The building is now used for a residence, 
just in the angle of Main street, in the western part of town. This church edi- 
fice was the first erected in the county. It was neatly painted white and comfort- 
ably seated with solid oak pews. In the latter part of 1853 or early in 1854 Father 
Wright removed to Quasqueton, in Buchanan county, Iowa. 

In 1853 the name of the church was changed from the Big Woods church to 
the "First Congregational Church of Anamosa." Mr. Wright was succeeded in 
the spring of 1854 by Rev. E. O. Bennett, who remained here but six months. 
Rev. H. W. Strong began his labors on January i, 1855, and on June i following, 
Rev. S. P. LaDou commenced work here and remained one year. 

December i, 1856, Rev. Samuel A. Benton entered upon the field and min- 
istered to the church during a period of five years, at the close of which he left 
and was appointed chaplain in the Fourteenth Iowa Volunteers, under Colonel 
William T. Shaw. Mr. Benton served but six months when his health failed and 
he returned to his home. During his last year as pastor, 1861, a commodious 



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320 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

brick house of worship was erected where the postoffice building now stands on 
the comer of Main and Booth streets. 

June I, 1862, Rev. O. W. Merrill was called to the pastorate and continued his 
labors four years as stated supply. On the 20th of June, 1866, he was installed 
as settled pastor, and continued this relation until June, 1870, when, by his own 
request and by advice of council he was dismissed to act as superintendent of 
missions for Nebraska, a position to which he was called by the American Home 
Missionary society. During his ministry a debt of over seven hundred dollars 
was paid, the house seated at a cost of five hundred dollars, a spire erected and 
a bell purchased at a cost of seven hundred dollars, an organ bought and the 
house carpeted. From dependence on the Home Missionary society for support, 
the church became self-sustaining. In the eight years of Mr. Merrill's ministry 
eighty-five were added to the membership and the working ability of the church 
was more than doubled, as was also its average Sabbath congregation. 

In June, 1870, Rev. Wm. Patton was chosen to fill the pulpit and remained 
three months. In 1871, Rev. R. M. Sawyer began his ministerial labors and re- 
mained one year. , 

September i, 1872, Rev. J. B. Fiske entered on this pastorate, and after serv- 
ing his people most effectively for sixteen years he resigned September i, 1888, 
removing to Bonne Terre, Missouri, where he became the pastor of the Congre- 
gational church of that place. 

Rev. W. W. Willard was called April 25, 1889, to fill the pulpit, to begin 
September ist, it being understood that his stay would be for only a short time. 

Following the death of Mrs. J. B. Fiske, at Bonne Terre, a beautiful memor- 
ial service was held in the church February 6, 1890, at which addresses were 
made and appropriate resolutions adopted. 

Rev. E. W. Beers followed Rev. Willard as pastor about the ist of October, 
1889, and remained one year. Rev. W. R. Stewart commenced his labors as pas- 
tor December 7, 1890, and remained about two years. Rev. S. F. Milliken en- 
tered on the pastorate May i, 1893, and remained until March i, 1902, and then 
accepted a call to Kingsley, Iowa. 

Dr. J. H. McLaren was called December 11, 1902, and began his work eariy 
in January following. The building of a new church was suggested soon after 
Dr. McLaren entered upon his pastorate. At a prayer and business meeting held 
May 28, 1903, the pastor stated that Mrs. E. P. Benton, of Minneapolis, a former 
member of this church, as was her now deceased husband, would give half the 
sum required for a new church, a statement received with profound gratitude by 
all. The pastor and Messrs. H. H. McKinney, J. S. Condit, C. S. Millard and 
Mrs. E. A. Osbom were appointed a committee to solicit subscriptions. Sep- 
tember 3, 1903, a resolution was adopted authorizing the purchase from Mrs. 
T. R. Ercanbrack of lots i and 2 and the north sixty feet of lot 3, comer of 
First and Booth streets for five thousand dollars, and to sell the old church, the 
cost of the new structure not to exceed fifteen thousand dollars. 

Some time after this, Mr. E. M. Condit, traveling abroad with his wife, gave 
assurance that he would help the enterprise, and later forwarded his check for 
two thousand dollars, which was another cause for gratitude and praise to God. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 323 

The building committee consisted of Dr. J. H. McLaren, J. S. Stacy, M. L. 
HoIHster, C. S. Millard, A. J. Byerly and T. E. Booth. Mr. :\Iillard was made 
treasurer and Mr. Booth secretary. 

The purchase of the Ercanbrack property was completed and Mrs. Ercan- 
brack generously donated two hundred and fifty dollars toward the new church. 
Plans were accepted from J. H. Prescott and bids followed by several builders. 
The award went to Anton Zwack, of Dubuque, for fourteen thousand, three hun- 
dred dollars. March 21, 1904, the trustees were authorized to sell the old church 
to George L. Schoonover for four thousand dollars, reserving the bell, seats, organ 
and other furnishings, and it was sold accordingly. 

April 7, 1904, Dr. McLaren having resigned, it was voted to extend a call to 
Rev. A. O. Stevens, of Pontiac, Michigan, to become pastor, and later he was 
added to the building committee. Following the sale of the old church, and before 
it was turned over to Mr. Schoonover, a "last meeting" was held in the church 
on the 1 2th of April, short addresses being made by T. E. Booth, J. S. Stacy, 
J. H. Barnard, E. J. Wood, A. Heitchen, C. S. Millard, G. L. Yount and Rev. 
A. O. Stevens. 

A large number of the members of the church and congregation were present 
and a service was enjoyed that will never be forgotten. 

By courtesy of the city authorities, the congregation occupied the city hall 
for some months and until the new church was ready for occupancy. The cor- 
ner stone was laid December 15, 1903, with appropriate ceremonies, conducted by 
Dr. McLaren, Others participating were Rev. W. E. Glanville, of the Baptist 
church. Miss Bates, assisting at the Methodist Episcopal revival meetings, sang 
a solo. Rev. J. Percival Hugget, of Cedar Rapids, delivered an interesting dis- 
course, and Rev. L. L. Lockard, of the Methodist Episcopal church, and Rev. 
DeWitt White of the Presbyterian church extended words of greeting. 

September 30, 1904, the dedication recital, at which was given the first public 
exhibition of a pipe organ in the history of the town, Mr. Kenneth E. Runkel, of 
St. Paul, Minnesota, conducting the recital, assisted by Mrs. Harry W. Sig- 
worth, soprano, and Mr. Dwight E. Cook, tenor. 

On Sunday, October 20, 1904, the dedication of the church took place, the au- 
dience room, both wings and the gallery being packed and aisles filled. The exer- 
cises were opened by an organ prelude by Mr. Runkel, followed by the Doxology 
and Lord's prayer, responsive reading and an original hymn written by Rev. 
J. N. Davidson, of Dousman, Wisconsin, formerly a member of the church. T. 
E. Booth, of the building committee, reported the contributions for the enterprise. 

Mrs. E. P. Benton $11,500 

E. M. Condit 2,000 

Church Building Society 1,000 

Old church property 4,000 

Local subscriptions 4,869 



$23,369 
There was an indebtedness of only eighty-seven dollars and that and more 
was quickly raised by a basket collection, Dr. T. O. Douglas, of Grinnell, 
making an appropriate address. Rev. A. O. Stevens, the present pastor, then 



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324 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY i 

in happy words introduced Dr. McLaren, who preached an eloquent dedicatory 
sermon, with theme, "Triumphant Zion," the sermon being published in full 
in the Eureka. 

March sth, 1905, Rev. Stevens resigned and on July 9th following Rev. 
Qias. H. Beaver, of Fairmont, Neb., preached morning and evening and on the 
17th a unanimous call was extended to him to enter on this pastorate, which 
was accepted, and Mr. Beaver is still with us, doing a good work for the 
spiritual life of the church and enlarging the congregation and Sunday school. 

One year ago, under the care and direction of Mr. Beaver, the entire in- 
terior of the church was beautifully decorated, and other repairs made at a 
total cost of about three thousand, six hundred dollars, which included an en- 
largement of the basement dining rooms, roof rebuilt and a new furnace in the 
parsonage, with other repairs and furnishings of a valuable nature. 

Because of these improvements, recognition services were held October 29th, 
30th and November ist, with elaborate programs, musical and otherwise, in- 
cluding a men's banquet under charge of the Men's club of the church, and 
addresses by T. E. Booth, Richard Owen, Rev. M. A. Breed, of Monticello, Rev. 
Wilson Denny, of Cedar Rapids, Rev. Charles A. Moore, of Davenport, and 
Rev. Charles A. Beaver, the pastor. All these exercises were free and they 
were greeted by large and appreciative audiences. 

PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

The First Presbyterian Church of Anamosa was organized September 20, 
A. D. 1868, by a Committee of the Presbytery of Dubuque, appointed for that 
purpose, consisting of Rev. James McKean and Rev. J. L. Wilson and Ruling 
Elder S. F. Glenn. Those uniting in the organization were as follows : John 
McKean, Nancy A. McKean, Mrs. Pamelia Yule and her two daughters, Arvilla 
Yule and A. Yule, Mrs. J. H. Fisher and Mrs. D. C. Tice. John McKean was 
duly elected ruling elder of the church, and installed according to the usages 
of the Presbyterian church. The meeting was held in the Baptist church 
edifice. Rev. Jerome Allen was present and, by request, preached in the morn- 
ing: Rev. J. L. Wilson in the evening. Rev. Jerome Allen supplied the church 
temporarily with preaching during the fall and following winter. The first 
regular stated supply was Rev. Bloomfield Wall, a laborious and faithful min- 
ister, who remained with the church for one year from August i, 1869. During 
this year, the church grew considerably in numbers, worshipping in what was 
then the courtroom, where is now (1879) Miller's photograph-rooms. 

Rev. Wall having removed at the close of the first year to the southern 
portion of the state, the church was left vacant and remained so until 1871, 
when the church secured, in connection with the then Presbyterian church of 
Wayne, the labors of Rev. J. Nesbitt Wilson for the three successive years. After 
this time, up to the spring of 1878, the church, although now left destitute of 
stated preaching, was supplied about once a month by Rev. H. L. Stanley, the able 
and accomplished pastor at Wheatland, Iowa. During these years, the times 
were hard, emigration was against the church, several of the most efficient 
members removing, and death thinned the ranks by the loss of several of the 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 325 

most pious and devoted members — ^the beloved Mrs. Ditto, Mrs. Pamelia Yule 
and the accomplished Capt. F. C. McKean being of the number. Notwith- 
standing seemingly discouraging circumstance the members seemed generally 
to cling with more tenacity to the faith so true to Christ and the principles of 
representative republican church government, embraced in its order, as dis- 
tinguished from absolute democracy on the one hand and the rule of a hierarchy 
on the other. 

A Sabbath school has always existed in connection with the church from 
the first pastorate of Rev. Wall, and weekly prayer meetings upheld. 

In the spring of 1878, having no house of worship, on invitation of the 
citizens of Strawberry Hill, the place of worship was removed to Straw- 
berry Hill schoolhouse, where services were held until the completion of the 
church building, November 17, 1^78. 

As a preparatory step to the erection of a church building on May 5, 1878, 
articles of incorporation were adopted in due legal form, under the name and 
style of *The First Presbyterian Church of Anamosa." They were signed and 
acknowledged by the following persons : William T. Shaw, Joseph Wood, John 
McKean, Albert Higby, B. F. Smith, Abraham Everett and Eugene Carr. 

The first board of trustees were : John McKean, Joseph Wood, Albert Higby, 
B. F. Smith and B. G. Yule, of whom Judge McKean was elected president and 
Albert Higby, secretary, with Joseph Wood, treasurer. Col. William T. Shaw 
had most generously donated to the church, for its use for building purposes, 
one-half of a block of lots. The church at once prepared to erect a building. 

The contract was let to Messrs. Parson & Foley, of Anamosa| on July i, 1878, 
and the cornerstone laid shortly afterward by Rev. Daniel Russell. The 
building was dedicated, free of debt, November 17, 1878, just four months 
afterwards, complete and finished, which speaks well for the contractors, the 
church and the generous hearted citizens who so liberally aided by their funds 
and sympathy. 

The building was of brick, twenty-eight by forty-eight feet, with ornate 
tower ten by ten feet, on the northeast comer, about sixty feet high. The stone 
work was of the finest Anamosa limestone, with which the building was elegantly 
trimmed. The style of the architecture was Gothic. The grounds were fenced 
and ornamented with walls and trees, tastefully arranged under the supervision 
of Joseph Wood. The bricks were selected by B. F. Smith from his kilns on 
Strawberry Hill. 

This building which was situated on Strawberry Hill, now a part of the 
city of Anamosa, was destroyed by fire in October, 1901. The fire being started 
from a bonfire of leaves in cleaning up the church property. The wind blew the 
burning leaves onto the roof and the dry shingles immediately caught fire and 
destroyed the church. 

In 1902 the resent stone structure situated on North Ford street was built, 
the stone being furnished by James Lawrence and taken from his quarry. This 
new church was dedicated on the third day of May, 1903. 

Rev. Daniel Russell severed his connection as minister in 1886. The follow- 
ing persons served the church as pastor since the very eflfective and conscien- 
tious serving of Daniel Russell; William Grey; A. W. McConnell; D. Street, 



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326 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

W. J. Bollman ; David Brown ; J. C. Orth ; DeWitt White and Charles M. Whetsel. 
who is now the present pastor. 

ST. mark's parish (PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL). 

August 14, 1859, the eighth Sunday after Trinity, a parish was organized in 
Anamosa, Jones county. Iowa, under the name of St. Mark's by Rev. Walter 
F.Lloyd. 

On Wednesday, March 15, i860, after morning prayer and sermon, the 
corner stone of the church building was laid by Rev. Lloyd. Friday, 
July 20, i860, the church was opened for divine worship, Rev. Lloyd 
reading the service. The Rt. Rev. Henry W. Lee, bishop of the diocese, preached 
the sermon on the occasion, and administered the sacred rite of confirmation and 
was celebrant at the holy communion. 

The following were elected vestrymen at the organization: C. W. Laing, 
E. H. Sherman, A. H. Peaslee, J. S. Dimmitt, E. Blakeslee, Bedford Fisher, 
William R. Locke, Matt Parrott and John J. Welsh. 

The following have served as rectors of the parish: Revs. W. F. 
Lloyd, John H. Eddy, Hale Townsend, Isaac Williams, William Campbell. Robert 
Trewartha, Joseph I. Corbyn, Felix H. Pickworth and Charles H. Kues. 
Rev. Pickworth, now chaplain at the reformatory, has the oversight of the parish 
at this time pending the call of a rector. 

METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

When Iowa was still a wilderness, the Methodists commenced promulgating 
their doctrines, and the Iowa conference established what was known as the 
Anamosa circuit in the year 1849, and Rev. Vail was sent to sow the good 
seed. Mr. Vail was succeeded by Rev. Harvey Taylor in the fall of 1850. The 
population of the circuit at that time was small, but a class of ten persons 
was formed at Anamosa in the year 185 1, and in February of the same year a 
church society was organized. For four or five years, the regular services of 
the church were held in the courthouse. After that the public schoolhouse was 
occupied for a time, and then the church edifice of the United Brethren. In the 
year 1865, it was determined by the society to build a church of their own. The 
necessary funds were subscribed, when a difficulty arose in regard to the loca- 
tion of the church building, which resulted in a withdrawal of about a third 
of the subscriptions and several of the members. Those who withdrew formed 
themselves into a society called the Protestant Methodist church, which organ- 
ization lasted but for a short time, dying for lack of support. 

The building of the church progressed, however, and at the time of the 
dedication, in December, 1865, there was a debt of two thousand, five hundred 
dollars. This debt has since been paid, and the society now owns its own par- 
sonage, and is in a very prosperous condition, having a debt of less than two 
hundred dollars. The society owned other landed estate to the amount of about 
eight hundred dollars. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 327 

The first money raised for building a church was in 185 1, but the money 
was finally expended in building a parsonage. A debt of some two hundred 
dollars was incurred, which ran along for a number of years, when the society 
was obliged to sell the parsonage. After paying the debts of the society, a bal- 
ance of about one hundred dollars remained, and the old Congregational church 
was purchased, which served as a place of worship until the old brick edifice 
was erected. The first class organized, as mentioned "bef ore, in 1851, consisted 
of ten persons. The first church record having been lost or destroyed, the his- 
torian is under obligations to Mr. D. Cunningham for the names, taking some 
from history of 1879 which are as follows ; Oliver Lockwood and Rebecca his 
wife; Mr. Sedlers, C. L. D. Crockwell and Mary, his wife; Mary Bass; D. Cun- 
ningham and Sarah, his wife and Mr. Vail and wife. From this beginning the 
church has grown, through many very severe trials, to its present proportions, 
having a membership at this time, August 1879, of two hundred and thirty 
members, with a large and prosperous Sabbath school. 

The following are the names of the pastors who have ministered to the spir- 
itual wants of the society : Rev. Vail, Harvey Taylor, A. B. Kendig, A. Carey, 
G. H. Jamison, Otis Daggett, George Larkins, Isaac Soule, A. Bronson, 
F. C. Wolfe, A. Hill, A. H. Ames, U. Eberhart, Wm. Lease, J. B. Casebeer, 
S. H. Church, John Bowman and J. M. Leonard. 

Rev. J. N. Leonard served his charge with great success until July, 1880, 
when he went to Europe to spend two years in study and investigation. Dur- 
ing this time the old parsonage on North Ford street was sold and after paying 
the debts against the society the balance of three hundred and thirty dollars was 
left in the hands of the trustees. In 1880, F. B. Sharington was transferred from 
Fort Scott, Kansas, to fill out the unexpired term of Rev. Leonard. He remained 
until October i, 1881. During his pastorate the present parsonage was built on 
Booth street, at a cost of two thousand dollars. In 1881 J. G. VanNess 
was appointed to succeed Rev. Sharington and served his full term of three years. 
In 1884, F- E. Brush was appointed to this charge and continued for a period 
of three years. In 1887, R^v. A. C. Manwell took charge and served two years. 
Since this time the following pastors have served the Anamosa charge : in 1892, 
L. N. McKee; 1895, Dr. T. W. Heal; 1897, L. L. Lochard; 1905, Rev. Dean C. 
Dutton ; 1907, Dr. H. White, who is the present pastor. 

There had been a great deal of talk and planning for the building of a new 
church and in 1905, when Rev. D. C. Dutton was appointed to this charge he 
immediately set out to build a new church that would be a credit to the society 
and the community. He organized his forces and soon had a new church build- 
ing planned, erected and dedicated at a cost of about thirty thousand dollars. 
This new church building was erected at the comer of Ford and First streets, 
just west of the Congregational church. It is a fine well built and imposing build- 
ing with all the modern improvements, with separate Sunday-schjol rooms 
and a basement fitted up for social entertainments. In addition to the erection 
of this magnificent church Rev. Dutton raised money and improved the par- 
sonage at the expense of about four hundred dollars. The new church was 
dedicated June i, 1907, and Rev. Dutton resigned June i, 1908. The church is 
in a prosperous condition and has a membership of three hundred and fifty. The 



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328 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

attendance is good and the zeal and interest of the members is to be commended. 

PROTESTANT METHODIST CHURCH. 

This church seceded from the Methodist Episcopal Church at Anamosa, in 
1865, in consequence of a dispute in regard to the site of the new M. E. church 
and other things, among them a feeling brought on by the war. Seven mem- 
bers, who were the leaders in the organization, bought the old M. E. church build- 
ing, and in it they worshiped. These members were Noah Hutchins, James L. 
Brown, John S. Belknap, Burrill Huggins, Joseph Moore, Samuel Brunskill 
and L. Belknap. They continued to hold services, although never incorporated 
a society, until about the ist of September, 1871, when they disbanded. The 
ministers who' preached during their continuance were : James Abbott and W. C. 
Beardsley. 

CATHOLIC CHURCH. 

(For Catholic church, see elsewhere in history under the title of The Cath- 
olic Churches in Jones County. 

ANAMOSA BANKS. 

NILES & WATTERS SAVINGS BANK. 

In the year 1871, a charter was granted from the United States to the 
First National Bank of Anamosa, Iowa, with a capital stock in the sum of fifty 
thousand dollars. The officers were: president, H. C. Metcalf ; vice president, 
Dr. E. Blakeslee; cashier, T. W. Shapley. There were nine directors elected as 
follows: H. C. Metcalf, C. L. Niles, T. W. Shapley, John Watters, George 
Watters, Dr. E. Blakeslee, John McKean, J. C. Dietz and N. S. Noble. 

In February, 1879, ^^^ charter for the First National Bank was surrendered 
and H. C. Metcalf continued the business as a private bank under the name of 
H. C. Metcalf, banker. In the fall of 1880, C. L. Niles, John Watters and George 
Watters purchased the bank of H. C. Metcalf and continued the same as a private 
bank under the name of Niles & Watters, bankers, until February 15, 1905, 
when the Niles & Watters Savings Bank was incorporated. The capital stock 
is fifty thousand dollars and surplus and undivided profits thirty-five thousand 
dollars. 

The present officers are : president, C. L. Niles ; vice president, T. W. Shapley ; 
assistant vice president, C. L. Niles; cashier, T. E. Watters; assistant cashier, 
F. J. Cunningham. Directors: C. L. Niles, T. W. Shapley, John McDonald. 
George Watters, Clifford L. Niles, J. E. Remley and Dr. T. C. Gorman. 

The deposits on November 9th, 1885, were $63,641.16; November 9th, 1895, 
$206,979.67; November 1905, $538,849.68; August loth, 1909, $605,272.92. 

THE ANAMOSA NATIONAL BANK. 

On the 26th day of December, 1873, Wm. T. Shaw, Lawrence Schoonover, 
James A. Bell and Edgar M. Condit formed a co-partnership for the purpose of 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 329 

conducting a general banking business in Anamosa, Iowa, under the firm name 
of Shaw, Schoonover & Company. The capital invested at that time was 
twenty thousand dollars, divided equally among the four partners. In the early 
eighties, Mr. Bell retired, and shortly afterwards Mr. Condit moved to Chicago, 
and disposed of his interest alscr. In both cases the retiring partner sold his 
share to the other partners, the firm being known until 1894 as Shaw & Shoon- 
over. 

In the year 1894, Col. Shaw retired, and the business was operated by Mr. 
Schoonover individually until January, 1897, when it was consolidated with the 
Anamosa National Bank, both Mr. Shaw and Mr. Schoonover becoming stock- 
holders and directors of that institution. The Anamosa National Bank had been 
incorporated in 1892 by Chas. H. Lull, Jno. Z. Lull, W. N. Dearborn, C. S. Mil- 
lard and others, and, upon the consolidation with the banking house of 
L. Schoonover, Mr. C. H. Lull retired from the presidency, that office being 
filled by Mr. Schoonover from 1897 until his death in 1907. 

In January, 1904, C. S. Millard sold all his interest in the bank to Geo. 
L. Schoonover, at the same time resigning the cashiership. The latter was then 
elected to the position, and remained as cashier until February, 1907, when, upon 
the death of Lawrence Schoonover, he was elected to the presidency, remaining 
in that position to the present time. 

Park Chamberlain, who had become associated with the bank in January, 
1907, as vice president, was elected cashier in March of the same year, to succeed 
Geo. L. Schoonover. Mr. Joseph N. Ramsey has been the assistant cashier of 
the bank since July, 1904. 

citizen's savings bank. 

The Citizen's Savings Bank of Anamosa, Iowa, was incorporated on the 
8th day of November, 1906, with a capital of fifty thousand dollars and commenced 
business on the 14th day of March, 1907. 

The first officers were: president, W. A. Cunningham; vice president, Wm. 
Thomas ; cashier, E. K. Ray. First Directors : W. A. Cunningham, Wm. Thomas, 
C. H. Anderson, H. Helberg, Sr., A. G. Hejinian, Wm. R. Shaw and E. K. Ray. 

The present officers are: president, W. A. Cunningham; vice president, 
Wm. Thomas; cashier, E. K. Ray, assistant cashier, W. F. Helberg. Present 
directors: W. A. Cunningham, A. G. Hejinian, F. G. Ray, J. A. Belknap, E. K. 
Ray and W. F. Helberg. 

The Citizen's Savings Bank purchased the building known as the C. M. 
Brown building, which was remodeled from top to bottom, and especially 
equipped for banking rooms with offices on the second floor, at an expense ot fif- 
teen thousand dollars. 

Its deposits on August loth, 1909, were one hundred and two thousand, 
eighty-seven dollars and seventy-seven cents. 

(A more detailed statement of the condition of the Anamosa Banks, will 
be found on another page under the title of "Banks and Banking.") 



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330 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

AN OLD LANDMARK TAKEN DOWN. 

The following sketch regarding a historic structure of Anamosa, was taken 
from the Anamosa Eureka, published June 17, 1909. 

"The two story frame building down tQwn commonly known as the 'bee- 
hive* is being dismantled. That structure was moved to its Main street location 
not far from the year 1857. J. H. Fisher & Son first erected it at 'Fisherville/ 
about twenty rods east of the stone mill on the Buffalo, the mill being built in 
about 1 85 1, and was operated by them when the big store was put up a year or 
so later. They carried on an immense business for years, not only in general mer- 
chandising but in mill products and stock feeding, all shipments going to 
Dubuque or Muscatine. After the building of the Dubuque Southwestern 
the business of the western part of town began to move eastward, and in a few 
years Fisher & Son hauled their store building to its present location and con- 
tinued in business through the early sixties. Later they failed, unable to 
recover from the terrible financial stress of 1857-8-9 and '60, and the building 
was occupied by others for mercantile purpose for several years. Finally it 
became the property of Mrs. Purcell, in connection with the building she has 
resided in for a long time, this latter having been occupied in the later fifties and 
early sixties as a storeroom by Frank Coates, who was afterwards a success- 
ful business man in Dubuque. For many years the 'beehive,' or a part of it, 
has been used by tenants for residence rooms, but finally it was abandoned, Mrs. 
Purcell preferring to take it down and remove it entirely, in order to better 
protect and repair her present residence. The 'beehive' was more than fifty 
years old and has had a wonderful history." 

A HISTORICAL BALL GAME. 

The great American game of base ball has always been one of the most 
prominent local sports in Anamosa, and Monticello has always been a worthy 
rival. The first game of note ever played in Jones county was played between 
Anamosa and Monticello in September, 1867, as is shown by the following clip- 
ping from the Anamosa Eureka under date of February 4, 1909, reviewing 
that athletic struggle : 

"According to previous announcement the contest for the championship of 
the county between the first nine of the Athletics of Anamosa and the first nine 
of the Hesperians of Monticello came oflF on the fair grounds on Thursday, 
September, — 1867. Notwithstanding the fact that the game was new in this 
section, there was a large crowd on the ground to witness the play, and the inter- 
est continued to the end. An umpire, Mr. Bingham, was chosen, and C. M. 
Failing, for the Athletics, and Col. Duer, for the Hesperians were selected as 
scorers. The game was called at 10:30 and the Hesperians went to bat. The 
playing at the beginning was marked by extreme caution, each side seeming to 
be warily feeling the strength of the other. Though there are only two or three 
days' difference between the ages of the two organizations, it was evident, at an 
early stage of the contest, that the Athletics had an advantage over their oppo- 
nents. This was plainly evinced in the splendid batting done by the Athletics. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 331 

The following is the score as it always appeared in the newspapers at that time : 

Runs Outs • Runs Outs 

E. G. Stanley, c 17 3 H. Green, c 3 3 

Milton Remley, p 17 4 E. N. Howard, p o 6 

M. B. C. True, rf 18 i A. Bowman, rf i 4 

T. E. Booth, lb 16 3 C Dewey, ib 4 2 

Ezra Keeler, ss 17 3 G. H. Scott, ss 3 2 

Geo. Gavitt, 2b 16 4 C. Giles, 2b 2 4 

J. H. Williams, 3b 16 2 — Beckwith, 3b o 4 

I. H. Brasted, If 14 4 Thos. Cutler, If •. . 3 o 

P. A. Tietsort, cf 15 3 P. Periolat, cf 4 2 



146 27 20 27 

Innings. 

Athletics 5 8 27 5 30 23 3 28 22 — 146 

Hesperians 4 2 2 o 2 3 3 4 o — 20 

Left on bases — Athletics, 10 ; Hesperians, 4. 

Fouls caught — Athletics, 9 ; Hesperians, 10. 

Struck out — Athletics, o ; Hesperians, 7. 

Home runs — Athletics, 4 — Remley, 2 ; Booth, i ; Brasted, i ; Hesperians, o. 

Put out on bases, by Athletics, ist, 6; 2d base, o; 3rd base, 3; home base, 
18. By Hesperians, ist base, 7; 2d base, 3; 3d base, 2; hom« base, 15. 

"At the close of the game at 2 p. m. three and a half hours long, the Hes- 
perians though vanquished were in good humor and gave three cheers for the 
Anamosa club. The compliment was heartily returned in favor of the Hes- 
perians who conducted themselves as gentlemen throughout. Three cheers 
were then given for the umpire and scorers and on invitation of the Athletics 
the Hesperians and all connected with the game proceeded to the dinner table 
where a most bountiful collation was soon in process of rapid disposal before the 
sharpened appetites of the players. The best of feeling prevailed and the 
Hesperians evinced that they were possessed of the quality of gentlemanly 
courtesy and honor — ^virtues far more difficult of realization in defeat than in 
victory. 

"We may add that when base ball was first introduced as a national game, 
the rules were entirely different from those now in vogue. The pitcher, for 
instance, actually pitched the ball, or tossed it, the movement of his arm being 
that of the pendulum, and the catcher took the ball on the bound, except perhaps 
on the third strike. A foul ball anywhere if taken on the first bound was out. 
The batter was obliged to call for a *high ball,' between the hip and shoulder, 
or a 4ow ball,' between the hip and the ankle. The enormous score of 146 
to 20 resulted largely from the fact that the Athletics far surpassed their oppo- 
nents as batters, and we well remember that after the Athletics had made the 
round of the diamond from 14 to 18 times each, and the Hesperians had chased 
the balls for three and a half hours, we were a mighty tired lot. 

"Concerning the Athletics w^e may add that Mr. E. G. Stanley, the catcher, 
is a resident of Cedar Rapids and is in the insurance business; Milton Remley, 
the pitcher, resides in Iowa City, was Attorney General of Iowa and is still 



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332 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

one of the most prominent attorneys of the state; M. B. C. True, right fielder 
was a resident of Nebraska the last we knew of him and has been in newspaper 
business and school work; T. E. Booth, first baseman, is still holding down the 
first base in the Eureka office; Ezra Keeler, short stop, has practiced law in 
Denver many years ; George Gavitt, 2d baseman, was killed on a railroad many 
years ago; Jas. H. Williams, 3d baseman, played ball with as much love and 
agility as a boy until long after his hair was white. He has been dead many 
years; I. H. Brasted, left fielder, was in the mercantile business for forty years 
and is now deputy county treasurer ; P. A. Tietsort, center fielder, left Anamosa 
many years ago and we know nothing of his whereabouts. 

"Of the Hesperians we can say very little. E. N. Howard, pitcher, was an 
employe in the Monticello Express office for a long term of years, and early 
in its history was half owner with Mr. G. H. Scott, short stop, and died some 
months ago; C. Dewey, ist baseman, if we mistake not, became the accomplished 
leader of a JMonticello band and is in Kansas; P. Periolat, center fielder, is in 
Chicago. Col. Duer, the scorer, is dead and Mr. Failing, scorer for the Athletics, 
died several years ago in Duluth in the home of an adopted daughter." 

FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

Anamosa's great fire of February 14, 1875, in which twelve thousand dollars 
worth of property was destroyed convinced the people of the necessity of 
organizing a fire department and on July 21, 1875, the City Council passed 
an ordinance authorizing the formation of a fire department. At a meet- 
ing of the citizens on the third day of August, 1875, the Anamosa Fire Depart- 
ment was organized. 

The fire department consists of Deluge Hose Company No. i. Rescue Hose 
Company No. 2 and Weir Hook & Ladder Company. Each department has its 
separate officers in addition to the general officers of the fire department. 

The first officers of the Anamosa Fire Company were : J. H. Williams, chief 
engineer; E. M. Harvey, first assistant; Geo. L. Yount, second assistant. 

The following have been the chiefs since its organization : James H. Williams, 
W. A. Cunningham, John I. VanNess, T. E. Watters, John D. Cudworth, R. E. 
Giltrap, E. M. Harvey. 

The present officers are as follows: R. Giltrap, chief; L. G. Fisher, first 
assistant; Henry Dorgeloh, second assistant; A. S. Knapp, secretary. 

DELUGE HOSE COMPANY NUMBER ONE. 

The first officers were: John G. Cudworth, foreman; L. G. Clark, assistant; 
G. S. Peet, assistant ; S. I. Williams, secretary ; Chas. Carter, treasurer. Nimibcr 
of members twenty-two. 

The officers for 1909 are: E. McKinstry, foreman; Ed. Harvey, first assist- 
ant: T. B. nines, second assistant; A. S. Knapp, secretary. Number of mem- 
bers twenty-six. 

The list of members are : E. McKinstry, Ed. Beam, Ed. Harvey, A. S. Knapp, 
T. B. Hines, Benj. E. Harrison, John F. Berkhart, Ray Powers, Fred Althen, 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 333 

Chauncy Miller, Amos Appleby, Ralph Simmons, Ora Appleby, Henry Sampica, 
Harry Alspaugh, Sam Overfield, Frank Beam, I. P. Minehart, Addis Bagley, 
Harry Sutton, Wm. Herbst, Qias. Zimmers, Henry Cgnrad, Wm. McCarty, 
Earl Yount, Harry Johnson. 

RESCUE HOSE COMPANY NUMBER TWO. 

The first officers were: John I. VanNess, foreman; W. J. Pavey, assistant; 
E. M. Stickney, secretary and treasurer. Number of members twenty-two. 

The officers for 1909 are : John Dorgeloh, foreman ; Cleve Giltrap, assistant ; 
Albert Qark, secretary. Niunber of members twenty-six. 

List of members are: John Dorgeloh, Cleve Giltrap, Albert Clark, M. Hines, 
Ed. Snyder, B. McLaughlin, F. Mutsch, A. Stewart, Geo. Walker, N. Schwirtz, 
Harry Clarke, Jno. Goodman, M. Fay, Earl Miller, Wm. F. Glick, S. T. 
McLaughlin, Wm. Leach, R. Minehart, F. Benedom, Earl Boyer. 

WEIR HOOK AND LADDER COMPANY. 

First officers were : L. C. Aldridge, foreman ; Frank Fisher, assistant ; B. Dott, 
secretary and treasurer. Number of members thirty-five. 

Present officers : F. Richmond, foreman; N. Little, first assistant; P. E. Lowe, 
second assistant; J. F. Fisher, secretary; C. H. Mellecher, treasurer. Number 
of members twenty-three. 

List of members : F. Richmond, Nat Little, J. F. Fisher, D. N. Perkins, C. H. 
Mellecher, A. E. Walton, A. Zimmerman, Preston Kramar, J. H. Sherman, 
R, Hendricksen, P. E. Lowe, S. A. Mittan, Jas. M. Conway, Neil Conway, E. A. 
Fisher, C. H. Hastings, Dan Beam, Armour Gould, Guy Cartano, Chas. Beaver, 
J. H. Chadwick, W. J. Fisher, Leigh Pearson. 

For a number of years Anamosa has had one of the best equipped and best 
drilled fire companies in the state and at several state tournaments secured marked 
recognition. 

ANAMOSA FIRES. 

The biggest fire that Anamosa ever had occurred on the fourteenth day of 
February, 1875, ^^^ destroyed twelve thousand dollars worth of property and 
is described as follows : 

The fourteenth day of February, 1875, was Sunday. In the morning, at 
1:30, wild cries of "Fire! Fire!*' broke upon the stillness of the night, the Con- 
gregation bell reechoed the dreadful alarm, and in a few minutes hundreds of 
citizens were rushing in the direction of the lurid light of roaring and crackling 
flames bursting out of what was formely known as the old "Courthouse building." 
occupied by A. N. Dennison, dealer in boots and shoes, and Emory Perfect, gro- 
cery dealer. There was only a slight breeze from the northwest, but the head- 
way which the fire had attained and the cumbustible nature of the wooden build- 
ings filling the space between the Union Block, comer of Main and Ford streets, 
on the west, and Frank Fisher's block, at the foot of Booth street, on the east, 
rendered impossible for the citizens to avail anything against the devouring 



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334 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

flames. A few tools were snatched from the work-shop, by way of the back 
door. Loss on the building, one thousand dollars, insured for five hundred dol- 
lars ; loss on stock, threfe thousand dollars, insured for one thousand dollars. Mr. 
Dennison had added stock to the amount of eight hundred dollars, only the week 
before. A new safe, containing about five hundred dollars in greenbacks and 
Mr. Dennison's account books, was badly damaged, but the money and books 
were found all right the next day. A fine line of samples belonging to W. E. 
Moss, of Balch & Co., boot and shoe dealers, Lyons, valued at four hundred 
dollars had been left in Mr. Dennison's store and was destroyed. W. L. Story 
also lost tools to the amount of ten dollars. 

Four barrels of kerosene oil and a lot of boxes were hurriedly removed 
from the back room of Emory Perfect's grocery, but nothing else was saved. Loss 
on stock, one thousand, four hundred dollars, insured for one thousand dollars. 
The building was the property of Col. W. T. Shaw, was valued at one thousand, 
two hundred dollars and was an entire loss. 

The next building on the east belonged to C. L. Holcomb, and was occupied 
by A. E. Parady, boot and shoe maker. Mr. Parady lost nearly everything. Value 
of building five hundred dollars. Mr. Parady's loss was three hundred dollars. 

Mr. Holcomb was also the owner of the adjoining building, occupied by D. H. 
Kelly, as a barber-shop. Los3 on building, three hundred dollars. Mr. Kelly's 
fixtures were nearly all saved, and his loss was but small. 

Next came the post-office building, owned by B. L. Matson. Lew Kinert, 
the clerk, was sleeping in the office, and by the reason of this fact the valuables 
were saved. Mr. Coe, the post-master, lost about fifty dollars. The building 
was valued at six hundred dollars, and insured for four hundred dollars. Messrs. 
G. W. Strode & Son, jewelers, in post-office building, lost one hundred and 
twenty-five dollars, mostly in tools. 

Still the flames swept onward, and A. H. Sherman's harness shop went next. 
His stock and tools were saved with a loss of about seventy-five dollars. The 
building was owned by H. C. Metcalf , and valued at eight hundred dollars ; no 
insurance. 

J. Rhodes, the confectioner, was the next victim. He had recently repaired 
his building and placed therein a new stock of confectionery, canned goods, gro- 
ceries, etc. The goods were removed, but not without damage. Mr. Rhodes' 
loss on building and contents reached one thousand dollars. In the second story 
lived Mrs. Cause and daughter. A piano, in being carried down, fell and was 
badly damaged. Loss on piano and household eflfects estimated at one thousand 
dollars. Mr. Rhodes' building was razed to the ground, in the hope of stopping 
the course of the scorching flame; but this seemed hopeless, and it was finally 
decided that the next building, belonging to Joseph Moore, must also come down, 
as it abutted against Fank Fisher's brick block, and there was danger anticipated 
from the heat and flames breaking and entering the glass front. But the fire 
had been raging two hours or more, and the masses of snow in the rear and in 
the adjacent gutter on Main street were rapidly melting and afforded consid- 
erable water. Water was dashed on by lines of men in front and rear, and 
finally the flames were under control. Mr. Moore's building was scorched some, 
and otherwise damaged to the amount of four hundred dollars, before the 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 335 

onward rnarch of the flames could be checked. In this building was the law 
office of King & Dietz, but their books, etc., were removed with but small damage. 
In the second story resided Mrs. S. Thomas and a little daughter, the former 
being confined to her room by sickness. They were safely transferred to other 
quarters, and their household goods saved with but little damage. Slingerland 
& Son, painters, occupied a room in this building, and suffered a small loss. 

R. A. Markham, dealer in sewing machines, and Markham & Burgess, dealers 
in organs, etc., suffered a small loss by the fire. Mr. A. Heitchen also suffered a 
loss of about seventy-five dollars. The total loss by the conflagration was twelve 
thousand dollars. Total insurance, two thousand, nine houndred dollars. The 
origin of the fire was unknown. 

August IT, 1896, Prison fire. The fire department was called out at 7:55 
on the night of August 11, 1896, by a fire at the State Penitentiary and when 
the company arrived at 8 : 00 o clock the fire was under great headway. The 
fire was in the frame kitchen and dining-room and rapidly got under headway and 
practically burned down. The fire department assisted until 12:00 a. m., and 
did a great service in protecting the surrounding property and retarding the fire. 

October 26, 1901. At 10: 20 a. m., October 26, 1901, the Presbyterian church 
on Strawberry Hill, caught fire from sparks and burning leaves falling on the dry 
shingle roof from a bonfire of burning leaves around the church. The fire 
totally destroyed the church. Insurance, eight hundred dollars. 

December 7, 1901. On this date the house of the sheriff adjoining the County 
Jail, caught fire from a chimney and did considerable damage. 

January 28, 1902. At 8:30 o'clock the Prospect Park Sanitarium caught 
fire from sparks falling on the roof at the north end of the building and immedi- 
ately gaining headway. All patients in the building were carried to private homes 
and taken care of. The large building was rapidly damaged, the second story 
being practically ruined. It was a very cold morning, the temperature being 
ten degrees below zero, and it was with great difficulty and danger the firemen 
could work. It was necessary for the firemen to watch the fire until 4:00 
o'clock p. m. 

March 22, 1902. The American Cooperage Butter Tub Factory situated inside 
of the penitentiary walls caught fire and was totally destroyed. The origin of 
the fire is unknown and great amount of damage was done. 

April 12, 1902. At I :oo o'clock p. m. on this date, Belknap Bros. Implement 
Store & Plant situated in the Huggins building on north Ford street caught on 
fire from an unknown origin and much damage done. 

November 30, 1902. On Sunday November 30, 1902, at 2:00 o'clock p. m., 
the fire department of Anamosa was called together to assist the fire department 
of Monticello, Iowa, in a very bad and dangerous fire, situated in Eastwood & 
Chase Hardware Store. The fire was so dangerous and threatening that the 
town of Monticello was in danger and a special freight train was secured trans- 
porting the Anamosa fire department to Monticello. The Anamosa boys did 
great service and materially aided in putting out the fire and received the thanks 
of the Monticello community. The Monticello people treated the firemen splen- 
didly and quoting from the records of the fire department it says : "The company 



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336 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

was furnished with food and drink while fighting the fire and after the fire 
was gotten under control supper was served for the company." 

April 2, 1907. At 2:15 p. m. on said date the old foundry on Strawberry 
Hill was burned to the ground and ruined. It was with difficulty that the 
fire department saved the neighboring buildings. 

November 20, 1908. On this date the department received a call from Amber, 
Iowa, for assistance, the town being in danger of destruction. The Chicago & 
Northwestern Railway Company furnished a passenger train taking the fire 
boys to Amber, where they assisted in putting out the fire and saving the adjoin- 
ing property. The fire started in the building of Nathan Steckel, who was 
burned to death. 

ANAMOSA AND THE PRESS. 

The first news sheet issued in Jones County was called the Anamosa News, 
started by William Haddock in February, 1852. He purchased an old press 
and type in Wisconsin, paying therefor three hundred dollars. In 1856 he sold 
the aflfair to Nathan G. Sales, who conducted the sheet in such a manner as to 
pique the republicans of Anamosa and surrounding country; whereupon, some 
of the more vengeful and enterprising spirits determined to have an organ of 
their own. John E. Lovejoy, of Scotch Grove township, brother of Owen 
Lovejoy, being a practical printer, talked of selling his farm and starting a 
paper. It was likewise one of the ambitions of C. L. D. Crockwell to be the pro- 
prietor of a journal. They entered into partnership, Lovejoy making out a list 
of types and machinery needed, and sending to Cincinnati for the same. Crock- 
well became security for the payment of the purchase money. 

The first issue of the paper came out in August, 1856. After three issues, 
Lovejoy, not enjoying the hardships and labor connected with journalism of the 
border, and owing to sickness in his family, returned to his farm, leaving the 
entire aflFair in Crockwell's hands. The latter was a druggist, and had but little 
time or inclination to devote to editorial writing and other journalistic duties. 
He therefore asked Mr. Edmund Booth to contribute editorials to the young 
enterprise which he did for some months. Matt Parrott, afterward state binder 
and publisher of the Iowa State Reporter at Waterloo, bought an interest in the 
paper in January, 1858. May 3d of the same year, found the journal which 
was called The Eureka, under the ownership of Crockwell, Parrott & Booth. June 
28, 1859, Crockwell retired, and December 12, 1862, Edmund Booth became sole 
owner of the paper. His son, T. E. Booth, was received into partnership 
October 10, 1867, and from that time until the death of the elder Booth, The 
Eureka was published by E. Booth & Son. 

It was the original purpose to call the paper the Free Soiler, and such was 
the name of the first prospectus, that being the time of the Free- Soil movement. 
Crockwell, however, who delighted in oddities, gave it the name it still wears — 
The Eureka (I have found it). TJie Eureka was first issued in the first brick 
building erected in Anamosa, being only one story high, fifteen feet square, built 
for a physician's office. It has since occupied quarters in the brick buildings of 
S. T. Buxton, H. C. Metcalf, and about 1870, The Eureka found a home in the 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 337 

second story of the building on the corner of Ford and Main streets, built by 
E. Booth & Son for the purpose. This location has since remained the home of 
The Eureka, 

The original size of The Eureka was a seven-column folio, which was enlarged 
to eight columns in October, 1866, at which time the office purchased a Hoe power- 
press, the first power-press for a country office in this part of the state. Upon 
the death of E. Booth, and in fact for some time prior thereto, T. E. Booth has 
had sole charge of the paper. A Simplex typesetting machine has been added to 
the conveniences of the paper, and with other modern equipments, the office is 
ready on short notice to do good service. The Eureka has long been a favorite 
with the old settlers, and its columns are read with interest by all. 

It may not be amiss to state in this connection that J. E. Lovejoy, the first 
proprietor of The Eureka, was a brother of the celebrated Owen Lovejoy, of 
Illinois, and likewise a brother of Elijah P. Lovejoy, who was killed by a mob at 
Alton, Illinois, in 1838. 

George H. Walworth, a brother-in-law of Edmund Booth, was one of the 
defenders of Elijah P. Lovejoy, and was in the building when Lovejoy was shot. 
Mr. Walworth was elected to the Iowa legislature in 1839, ^^r Jones and Cedar 
counties, and after Jones was entitled to a representative, Walworth represented 
the county for two or three terms. He afterward went south and was killed 
by an accident. Mr. Walworth was a man of fine abilities and remarkable per- 
sonal attractions, and was noted for his energy and enterprise. 

Anamosa Journal. The organ of the democratic party at the county seat 
of Jones, is an eight-column folio weekly paper, published every Thursday, 
and called the Anamosa Journal. This paper was established in the year 1872, 
by one A. L. Smith, as editor and proprietor. Under the management of Mr. 
Smith, the enterprise seems not to have proven a success, and on the first of 
January, 1874, it passed into the hands of P. D. Swigart. On the seventh day 
of same month, a half interest was sold to Swigart Bros., and the publication 
was continued under the name of Swigart Bros., until the twenty-ninth day of 
June, 1874, when J. M. Swigart disposed of his interest to C. H. Monger, the 
firm changing to Monger & Swigart. On the first of August, in the same year, 
J. A. Monger purchased the interest of Swigart and the firm changed to Monger ^ 
Bros. J. A. Monger continued as one of the proprietors for a year, when the 
Journal passed into the hands of C. H. Monger, sole editor and proprietor from 
that time until his death about ten years ago. His son, Shubal Monger at once 
took up the editorial pen with the same energy and forcefulness which char- 
acterized the writings of his father. A few years later, E. R. Moore, the present 
proprietor, purchased the paper, and under his management, the Journal has 
become one of the prosperous local papers in the county. 

The real prosperity of the Journal may be said to date from the time it passed 
under the management of C. H. Monger. The parties connected with the paper 
prior to that time, were not educated to journalism and were not well calculated 
to succeed in such an enterprise. Mr. C. H. Monger had been somewhat edu- 
cated to the newspaper business before he came to Jones county, and his success 
in a measure was due to that fact. 



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338 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

The political complexion of the Journal is democratic, while that of The 
Eureka, is republican. These papers, being published at the county-seat, wield 
a political influence in their own parties. 

The Anamosa Daily Call, was the name of a sheet started by a fellow named 
R. B. Curtis, in 1894. This publication was of short life, and with the sudden 
exodus of the editor, The Call became a thing of the past. 

The Reformatory Press is a weekly publication issued by the confined in the 
state reformatory. It contains well written articles contributed by the convicts 
as well as information in regard to the affairs and happenings in the reformatory, 
and is published under the supervision of Chaplain F. H. Pickworth. 

IOWA STATE REFORMATORY.. 

(This article was written by Judge H. M. Remley at the request of the state 
Board of Control and published in the Bulletin of Iowa Institutions in Volume 3, 
January, 1901, and brought down to date by Clark Beems, clerk of Anamosa Re- 
formatory'. — Historian. ) 

It is seldom that statesmen, when providing for state institutions, lay their 
plans on a scale sufficiently broad and liberal for the future requirements of 
the state. Our courthouses, school buildings and depots have all been outgrown. 
Ninety per cent, of all our land is tillable, and the development of our state ex- 
ceeds the expectations of the most sanguine. In 1855 the population was two 
hundred and fifty thousand — ^now it is two million, two hundred and twenty-five 
thousand. The population of Rhode Island is three hundred and ninety-five to 
the square mile — ^that of Iowa is forty-one. When our population equals that 
of Rhode Island we will have over twenty million inhabitants. In 1855 die legis- 
lature of this state appointed a committee of which Senator James W. Grimes 
was chairman, to report plans and select a location for an insane asylum, the 
cost of which was expressly limited to fifty thousand dollars. They reported, 
locating the asylum at Mt. Pleasant, and presented a plan which would require 
the expenditure of two hundred thousand dollars, and recommended that the 
same be adopted, insisting that the future needs of the state would demand such 
a building. The legislature adopted the plan and appropriated the additional one 
hundred and fifty thousand dollars. This action called forth the criticism of 
the opposing political party, as an example of party extravagance and corruption. 
The Hon. J. M. Elwood, in a speech at Dubuque, September 25, 1858, said: 

"The edifice contemplated by the plans of the commissioners is to be, when 
completed, a massive structure covering an eighth of a square mile; the wings 
are three stories in height and the front is four stories in height and the outside 
of the building is to be finished of cut stone. This institution is larger and more 
spacious than the insane asylum of any state in the Union — larger than the in- 
sane asylum of New York, a state which contains four million people. One 
wing of that institution, I have no doubt, would amply accommodate all the 
insane which this state will be called upon to provide for half a century to come. 
* * * And for more than fifty years to come one-half of that building will 
not be needed for the use of the insane of this state, and in those empty and 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 341 

naked walls will be the money of the people of this state, a monument of useless 
and oppressive taxation. ♦ * ♦ What reasons exist for the erection of this 
splendid pile? Why was the plan fixed upon so stupendous? Only two reasons 
occur to me. I am informed that Governor Grimes, the chairman of that com- 
mittee, owns near the site of this institution a large amount of real estate which 
would be enhanced in value by this erection. Governor Grimes is also a very 
ambitious man and he meant during his term of office to do something by which 
future generations might know that James W. Grimes had been governor of this 
great and growing state. It is a monument to his ambition at the sacrifice and 
the expense of the people of this state.'* 

Not forty-five years have passed away, and time has not only vindicated the 
broadest views of Governor Grimes, but if anything, it has condemned him in that 
he did not comprehend the marvelous demands of the future. Our state has now 
spent for land and building at Mt. Pleasant eight hundred and thirty-two thou- 
sand, five hundred and twenty-five dollars and its capacity is nine hundred and 
fifty inmates. It was long since filled and another insane asylum was built at 
Independence costing one miUion, forty-eight thousand, nine hundred and fifty 
dollars and accommodating one thousand, and forty unfortunates. This too has 
been crowded and a third has been built at Clarinda at an outlay of eight hundred 
and sixty-seven thousand, seven hundred and eighty dollars, capable of caring 
for nine hundred and fifty inmates. A fourth was demanded and five hundred 
and twenty-four thousand, one hundred and forty dollars has already been ex- 
pended upon the asylum at Cherokee. Besides all this, we have provided a home 
for feeble-minded children at Glenwood at the cost of four hundred and fifteen 
thousand, nine hundred and fifteen dollars. 

When the Fort Madison penitentiary was established by the territorial legis- 
lature in 1839 it was located upon a narrow sand ridge terminating at the base of 
the bluflf about four hundred yards back from the Mississippi River. The walls 
then enclosed only three and one-half acres. It seems that the number of insane 
increases in our state much more rapidly than the number of criminals. This 
presents a question of much importance, but which can only be alluded to here: 
What relation does the rapid development of insanity in Iowa sustain to the ad- 
vance in education ? What bearing has the spread of education among the people 
upon the number of criminals ? Or, in other words : Does education tend to in- 
crease insanity and to lessen criminality ? The Fort Madison penitentiary, with a 
capacity now enlarged to six hundred, supplied the requirements of our state for 
thirty-four years and until the Anamosa penitentiary was established. 

The penitentiary was established April 12, 1872, by Chapter 43 of the Four- 
teenth General Assembly. At that time the Hon. John McKean was senator from 
Jones county and the Hon. John Tasker and the Hon. P. G. Bonewitz were mem- 
bers of the house of representatives, the Hon. James Wilson, now secretary of 
agriculture, was speaker of the house, and the Hon. John Russell of Jones county 
was state auditor. The act provided that a penitentiary should be established at 
or near the stone quarries near Anamosa and that three commissioners chosen by 
the general assembly should select the exact location, and receive bids for the 
purchase of suitable quarries which must contain not less than one million cubic 
yards of stratified stone. But none of these should be selected until the state 



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342 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

had received a deed to seventy acres of ground free of expense. The commis- 
sioners were given power to appoint a superintendent and to employ men and to 
purchase material. Fifty thousand dollars were appropriated for the purposes 
of the act. The Hon. William Ure, of Fairfax, Linn county, Hon. F. L. Down- 
ing, of Oskaloosa and the Hon. Martin Heisey, of Fort Madison, were chosen 
commissioners and their compensation was fixed at five dollars per day and ex- 
penses. The commissioners met at Des Moines April 23, 1872, and organized 
by electing William Ure president and F. L. Downing secretary, and adjourned 
to meet at Anamosa May 7, 1872. The board met at the appointed time and 
place and inspected the various quarries and proposed sites for the penitentiary. 
They also advertised for bids for quarries, which under the act were not to cost 
more than fifteen thousand dollars. They then adjourned to meet at West Lib- 
erty, May 1 6th, for the purpose of starting on a trip through the eastern states 
to examine their penitentiaries. The next meeting was at Anamosa on June I2th. 
Proposals to sell quarries were then received from the following persons: Dr. 
S. G. Matson, for ten thousand dollars ; Philip Haines, for fifteen thousand dol- 
lars; Dr. X. G. Sales, fifteen thousand dollars; H. Dearborn, fourteen thousand 
dollars; J. A. Green, twelve thousand, five hundred dollars; E. M. Crow, 
six thousand dollars, and J. G. Parsons, fifteen thousand dollars. The 
proposition of X. G. Sales was accepted. Downing and Heisey voting therefor 
and Ure voting to purchase the Haines quarry. The quarry accepted contained 
eighty acres. Two locations were proposed for the site of the penitentiary. One 
under the leadership of Judge McKean and Mr. H. C. Metcalf was an agreement 
to donate two entire blocks and six acres of land adjacent, situated near the 
business portion of the city. The first named was in a basin surrounded by 
higher land, while the second was an elevated and sightly location. Both were 
well drained and healthy. The commissioners both in the selection of the quarry 
and of the site of the penitentiary showed that they did not comprehend the 
imporance nor the magnitude of the duty entrusted to them. They selected the 
lower location, and as a consequence the buildings and walls do not present that 
imposing appearance which they would have done had a better and more elevated 
site been chosen. They did not realize that in one generation millions of dollars 
in cash and labor would be expended on the exact location selected, and when 
once begun the location could not then be changed. The quarry purchased has 
since been sold for one-tenth of the purchase price and another purchased. The 
land now owned by the state consists of fifteen acres where the walls and build- 
ings are situated, the quarries on the BuflFalo River consisting of forty acres and 
a farm of two hundred and two acres, adjacent to the city and about one hun- 
dred and sixty rods from the walls. 

At a meeting of the commissioners, held June 19, 1872, plans prepared by 
W. L. Foster & Company, of Des Moines, were accepted, the sum of two thou- 
sand, five hundred dollars being allowed therefor. Mr. Foster was also em- 
ployed to supervise the erection of the buildings and allowed ten dollars per 
day and expenses. Mr. Heisey was also authorized to act for the board when 
it was not in session. July 2, 1872, Lewis Kinsey was appointed clerk and secre- 
tary of the lx)ard "at a salary of not less than sixty dollars per month." August, 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 343 

1872 lumber was purchased of Curtis Brothers & Company and W. G. Young & 
Company, of Clinton, Iowa, to make a high stockade around the yard and tem- 
porary buildings at the prison and at the quarry. A small stone building was 
erected with hired labor and temporary wooden cells placed therein. In January, 
1873, sixty-four cell doors were purchased at a cost of three thousand, one hun- 
dred dollars. Warden Hunter, in his report for the year ending June 30, 1900, 
stated that he had made sixty-one cell doors, using eleven thousand, seven hun- 
dred and ninety-one pounds of iron, and that the actual cost to the state was 
two hundred and six dollars. The labor required for making and hanging these 
doors was that of four men for fifty-four days. The sixty-four cell doors 
purchased were placed upon the wooden cells in the temporary building and are 
now used in the permanent cellhouse. April 7, 1873, work was begun at the 
quarries with hired labor, and a tall stockade was then placed around the prison 
yard enclosing eleven acres. On May 13, 1873, twenty convicts were transferred 
by order of the executive council from the Fort Madison penitentiary to Ana- 
mosa. Of these the record shows that John Barlow had the distinction of 
starting the count at Anamosa, he being known as convict "No. i." He was de- 
scribed as follows : "Height, five feet, five and three-quarters inches, light com- 
plexion, hair and beard sandy, dark brown eyes, thumb oflF left hand, woman 
dancing with garland over her head tattooed on right arm, weight, one hundred 
and thirty pounds.'' All descriptions are now taken by the use of the Bertillon 
system and photographs. The other convicts transferred were numbered up 
to No. 20. The first convict sentenced to this prison was from Jones county, and 
was known as "No. 21." As he has relatives in Jones county his name and de- 
scription will not be given. These convicts were confined in the wooden cells 
and employed at the quarries and in preparing to erect a permanent building. 

On the 30th of September, 1873, work was begun on the first permanent 
building, known as "Work Shop No. i." The men who laid the first stone upon 
this building were convict No. 7, D. J. VanWie, and No. 14, Ed. Sheridan. This 
was a large building, two stories high. Cells made in exact accordance with the 
permanent cells were placed in this building and the iron doors from the wooden 
cells were placed upon them. When the permanent cellhouse was built these 
cells were transferred to it, and are now in use. Afterwards this building was 
used as a dining-room, chapel, library, hospital and for many other uses. The 
roof and floors burned out about five years ago, destroying several thousand dol- 
lars worth of stores, but it has been repaired and is now doing excellent service. 

December 11, 1873, ^^e following memorandum was entered in the prison 
records : 

"This evening at half-past five o'clock George Williams, one of the prisoners 
was taken suddenly sick with paralysis on the left side Doctor sent for about 9 
o'clock ; another attack on the right side and he became speechless ; died at half- 
past ten o'clock." 

He was known as "No. 5," and his was the first death at this penitentiary 
He was buried on an elevation facing the rising sun at the prison farm, where 
is now the prison cemetery. The deceased convicts, whose bodies are not claimed 
by relatives and those who are not transferred to medical colleges under the 



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344 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

present law, are buried in this cemetery, side by side in rows, and their graves 
are marked with head and foot stones made by the convicts. During the summer 
of 1873 Mr. Heisey was chosen warden by the commissioners and Governor C. 
C. Carpenter appointed C. L. Hall, Esq., of Anamosa, commissioner. Stone was 
sold at this time upon the market at the regular prices. On November i8th 
the convicts had performed one thousand, eight hundred and fifty days' work at 
the quarry. Morgan Holmes, known as convict "No. 3," escaped in August, 
1873, his being the first escape. He was soon recaptured by the sheriflF of Bu- 
chanan county and returned, for which the sheriff received the customary reward 
of fifty dollars. An escaped prisoner has been recently returned who got away 
twenty years ago, he having been living in Chicago under an assumed name. He 
inherited some property and in his efforts to obtain this his identity became 
known. 

During Mr. Heisey 's wardenship the first permanent workshop was built and 
the southeast corner of the wall was erected. The number of convicts was small 
and comparatively slow progress was made. The Sixteenth General Assembly 
enacted a law abolishing the office of commissioner and placing this prison under 
the same laws which govern the penitentiary at Fort Madison. This act took 
effect April i, 1876, and the legislature elected Mr. A. E. Martin, of Delaware 
county, warden. He was four times reelected, serving until April i, 1886. Dur- 
ing his administration the executive council redistricted the state so as to send 
many more convicts to Anamosa, thereby increasing the number of men, and the 
work advanced more rapidly. During his wardenship the massive wall was 
completed around the main yard. This wall is composed of immense stones en- 
closing an area seven hundred and fifty-five feet east and west and six hundred 
and thirty-nine feet north and south, containing eleven and seventy-five-thou- 
sandths acres. The foundation is laid fourteen feet below the surface of the 
ground and is twelve feet wide at the bottom and seven feet wide at the surface 
of the ground. It rises twenty-eight feet above the ground and is four feet wide 
at the top. This foundation is laid upon piles driven fifteen feet further down 
at the northwest corner of the wall. Stone turrets or guardhouses are built at 
the corners, and gates at proper intervals. This wall is twenty-one rods more 
than half a mile long. Warden Martin also built the south cellhouse. This 
building lies along the south end of the east wall so that the east side of the 
building forms ihe wall. The foundations of the cellhouses were made by laying 
immense flat thick stone under the entire building fourteen feet deep. The house 
is one room and the cells are builded four tiers high upon this foundation, in the 
center of the room, placed end to end. They are made of cut stone, each parti- 
tion, floor and ceiling being a single stone. They do not touch the sides or ceiling 
of the building, and in this room are three hundred and twenty cells. Mr. M. Q. 
Barr, of Oskaloosa, was chosen warden and succeeded Mr. Martin April i, 1886, 
holding the office until April, 1892. Warden Barr erected the walls around the 
insane and the female departments, enclosing one and six hundred and fort}'- 
eight-thousandeths acres, immediately south of the main prison and also completed 
the insane building and enclosed the female building. The insane building is 
separated from the female building by a wall similar to the outside wall, with no 
openings whatever. P. W. Madden, P3sq., of Spencer, Iowa, was chosen warden 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 345 

April I, 1892, and reelected twice, his last term expiring April i, 1898. During 
his administration the water works were put in and the foundation and part of 
the wall of the administration building were laid, and he made the cement founda- 
tion for the north cellhouse and the chapel and library buildings. These build- 
ings are all connected and together make one immense structure, requiring some 
one thousand, eight hundred feet of outside wall. Laying the stone in the walls 
does not require so much time, but the entire force of convicts may be employed 
a whole year preparing and dressing the stones, each for its particular place. 
Warden W. A. Hunter was elected by the legislature and took charge April i, 
1898. Since then the state institutions have been placed under the supervision 
of the board of control who retained Warden Hunter. Warden Hunter finished 
the female building; completed the administration building, dining-room, chapel, 
library; made the west gateway tunnel, and was still working on the north cell- 
house when he died, September 30, 1906. All the wardens have been earnestly 
enlisted in the work and have pushed the buildings as rapidly as the number of 
convicts and the appropriations of money would permit. Now that the buildings 
have so far progressed to comfortably accommodate the prisoners much more 
attention is being given to beautifying the grounds with flowers and bettering 
the intellectual and moral condition of the convicts. The water supply is drawn 
from a well two thousand feet deep and is clear and pure. The system of sewers 
extends to the Wapsipinicon River. They are flushed at stated intervals by means 
of a tank with a syphon, which empties it rapidly whenever the water rises to a 
certain height. Some of the sewers near the kitchen were in the habit of becom- 
ing clogged with deposits of grease from the dishwater. These had to be taken 
out and cleaned occasionally and at great labor. One of the employes suggested 
that he could extract the grease from the water and avoid the annoyance. War- 
den Hunter assisted him and set him at the task. The result is that at not more 
than ten dollars expense a grease trap was constructed that acts perfectly. The 
dishwater is conducted from the kitchen through the cellar to a sheet iron tank 
holding some four barrels. There it comes into contact with cold water, which 
causes the grease to form on the surface of the water. The water is drawn off 
through a pipe opening at the bottom of the tank and carried up toward the top, 
thus drawing off the water under the grease and leaving it to accumulate in the 
tank. It is taken out about once each week and sold in the market. The sum 
realized from this grease is about one hundred and twenty-five dollars per year. 

Under the present administration it is esteemed the most essential requirement 
that the men should be employed at some labor. We may theorize about not al- 
lowing convict labor to compete with free labor, but whether it does or not, the 
convicts must be employed. Their health, moral welfare and prison discipline de^ 
mand this. And to avoid competing with free labor, Warden Hunter made ii 
a point to have convict labor manufacture everything needed as far as possible 
within the prison. Scrap marble was purchased at Chicago, costing eight dollars 
per car at the prison. These were purchased in four diflferent colors and ground 
and polished and used in finishing the rooms. 

To illustrate how the work is diversified and how the men are employed the 
following table is given : 



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346 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Number of inmates; where employed Nov. 12, 1909. 

Quarry 49 

Ox)per shop 27 

Insane and superannuated 79 

Females 31 

Stone shed 58 

Floating gang 9 

Building gang 7 

Boiler-room 16 

Tin shop 4 

Blacksmith shop 6 

Carpenters 10 

Painting 3 

Tailor shop 12 

Laundry 10 

Barbers 5 

Receiving office 2 

Printing and binding 19 

Band : 12 

Library : 2 

Farm 12 

Kitchen and dining-room 13 

Cellhouse 15 

Green house and yard 6 

Warden's office i 

Deputy's office i 

In yard, extra 3 

School 32 

In hospital 8 

Excused : 9 

Visiting relatives 2 

Total 462 

The library was destroyed when work shop No. i was burned August 11, 
1896, but the fee charged visitors is devoted to library purposes, and since that 
fire some eight thousand, five hundred volumes have been purchased. The war- 
den says in his last report : 

"As an indication of the use made of the library it is but necessary to state 
that during the year from January i, 1899, to January i, 1900, there were 
twenty-nine thousand, two hundred and forty-six books circulated among the 
prisoners; almost as many as circulated at Cedar Rapids public library, thirty- 
three thousand, nine hundred and thirty-nine in a city of twenty-five thousand." 
There are sixty-nine copies of magazines and periodicals subscribed for and dr- 
culated among the inmates.*' 

There has been apropriated by the legislature and exended at the Anamosa 
penitentiary- from the beginning to the present time, the sum of six hundred and 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 347 

sixty-eight thousand, three hundred and thirty-one dollars and seventy-one cents, 
in buildings and land and property. The value of these now, estimating them 
as if builded with free labor, is one million, eight hundred and fifty thousand 
dollars. 

On May 13, 1873, twenty convicts were transferred from the Fort Madison 
penitentiary to Anamosa for the purpose of building the "additional penitentiary," 
authorized by an act of the Fourteenth General Assembly. From that date to the 
present time there have been received into this institution six thousand, three 
hundred and fourteen prisoners, by years as follow : 

1873 33 1892 144 

1874 43 1893 219 

1875 44 1894 299 

1876 116 1895 340 

1877 138 1896 284 

1878 156 1897 340 

1879 124 i^ 307 

1880 98 1899 224 

1881 ^^ 1900 236 

1882 128 190T 184 

1883 138 1902 208 

1884 139 1903 191 

1885 172 1904 T73 

1886 162 1905 179 

1887 118 1906 187 

1888 109 1907 176 

1889 \ 106 1908 248 

1890 no 1909 241 

1891 105 

Total 6,299 

The seeming discrepancy in the total is due to the fact that some of those re- 
ceived have been paroled or escaped and were afterwards returned and entered 
as received. 

Wardens: Martin Heisey, A. E. Martin, Marquis Barr, P. W. Madden, W. 
A. Hunter, Marquis Barr. 

Deputy wardens: L. B. Peet, Carl Barr, George Andrews, Z. H. Gurley, 
H. P. Smith. 

Qerks: Lewis Kinsey, W. H. Pearson, D. H. LeSeur, T. E. Patterson, 
H. M. \'aughan, C. A. Beems. 

Chaplains : Anna C. Merrill, W. C. Gunn, J. M. Crocker, E. G. Byer, F. H. 
Pickworth. 

The present warden is an enthusiastic advocate of the grade system. Under 
directions of the board of control this system was put in force February 25, 
1900. The prisoners are divided into first, second and third grades. The first 
and second grades are clothed in a respectable gray suit instead of the unmis- 
takable stripes of infamy. Each grade has a distinct bill of fare, the first grade 



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348 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

being the best. The third grade are not permitted to eat in the dining-rooms, 
but have their food in their cells. The men are promoted or reduced in grade 
according to their conduct. On November 13, 1909, the number in each grade 
was as follows: 

First grade 346 

Second grade 105 

Third grade 3 

The system has aided much in maintaining discipline. 

The Prison Press, a weekly paper is now printed under the supervision of 
Chaplain Pickworth. The library books are rebound when this is necessary in 
the bindery. Some three thousand bushels of potatoes were raised on the farm. 
Onions, cabbages, green corn, etc., are raised in large amounts. The farm will 
soon supply all such vegetables. A large stone hog house twenty-three feet wide 
and one hundred feet long has been erected on the farm. It has feeding floors 
surrounded by a stone wall, stone cribs attached, and is divided into very con- 
venient pens. A stove is placed at one end to keep the temperature warm. This 
hog house is a model house, the plans having been made by Hon. John Cownie 
of the board of control. There are two hundred and seventy-two hogs kept now, 
but the number is to be increased. The slops from the prison are hauled to the 
farm every day. 

The large safe used in the clerk's office has a history. When the writer first 
saw that safe it was used in the office of the secretary of state in the old Stone 
Capitol building at Iowa City, in the year 1855. When the capitol was removed 
to Des Moines, this safe was placed on an immense wagon and hauled with teams 
to Des Moines. There were no railroads then in the state. When crossing the 
Skunk River the safe by accident went to the bottom and remained there several 
months. It was used in Des Moines until the new capitol building was occupied. 
When the penitentiary was started at Anamosa, it was shipped to Anamosa, and 
is still in use. 

Great pains are taken to make the courts attractive between the large build- 
i!igs with flowers and fountains. When the flowers were taken up this fall the 
prisoners were permitted to have flowers in pots in the cellhouse, dining-room 
and shops. The empty fruit cans are taken to the foundry and melted down and 
riiii into window weights. The intention is to utilize everything possible. 

Warden Barr's officials consist of two deputies, clerk, physician, matron and 
chaplain. There are five overseers, three turnkeys and a hospital steward, a su- 
perintendent of schools, a musical director and fifty-seven guards, of whom 
eleven are officers, making a total of seventy-two under his command. The peni- 
tentiary is a little world unto itself and the history of each convict would read 
like a romance. The inmates are well fed and comfortably clothed. They have 
steam heat and electric lights. Notwithstanding the ever present fact that they 
are deprived of their liberty, they appear reasonably contented and happy. 

Tlie institution continued to be a penitentiary until July 4, 1907, when the law 
which had been enacted by the Thirty-first General Assembly changing it into a 
reformatory for first oflfcnders between the ages of sixteen and thirty, became 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 349 

effective. During the years from 1872 to 1898 but little attention and very little 
effort was directed toward the reformation of the criminal. The predominating 
idea then was that the infliction of physical punishment as a penalty for the vio- 
lation of laws was the only effectual method to be pursued in order to deter the 
committing of criminal acts. A code of discipline was then in vogue which was 
consistent with the then generally prevailing idea as to what the treatment of 
criminals ought to be. 

In 1898 Mr. William A. Hunter was elected by the state legislature to take 
charge of the Anamosa penitentiary. During his administration many changes 
were made in the discipline and in the manner of treating the prisoners which 
were looked upon by the pubic at large as impractical, but which since then have 
been generally conceded to be sound, practical and beneficial to all concerned — 
both to society and to the individual. 

During Warden Hunter's administration a printing office was established and 
a paper published then called the Prison Press, later, when the parole and inde- 
terminate sentence law took effect, its name was changed to the Reformatory 
Press. An orchestra was organized. The school, which had fallen into a state 
of decHne, was reorganized and many other features were introduced which 
tend toward the moral and the intellectual uplift of the inmates. It* was due 
principally to the efforts of Warden Huner that the reformatory was eventually 
established, and the idea that the object of maintaining penal institutions should 
be, not merely to punish, but rather to reform the offender by giving him a new 
vision of right and wrong, and to instill into him a self-control, a self-reliance 
and a wholesome respect for law and order — an obedience to moral as well as 
l^;al codes which would perpetuate his ambition to do right — began to take a 
firm hold upon the minds of the people at large. 

Warden Hunter, after having laid the foundation for this great humanitarian 
work, passed into the great beyond September 30, 1906, without seeing his ideals 
realized. But fortunately Iowa had another man in Mr. Marquis Barr, who, when 
formerly warden of this institution, had been seriously thinking of adopting the 
plan which Warden Hunter afterwards followed, and he was wisely chosen to 
succeed him and to carry out his policy. Today, as the results of the untiring ef- 
forts of these two men, the Anamosa reformatory stands in the vanguard as one 
of the best managed and one of the best equipped institutions of its kind in the 
United States — showing nothing but the best results for the efforts expended 
looking toward the reformation of its inmates. 

The reformatory is known as "the white palace of the west*' and those who 
have had the privilege of visiting it can easily comprehend why this expression is 
peculiarly appropriate. Its massive stone, fire-proof and beautifully designed 
buildings; its large airy, well lighted shops and its hygienic location; its beauti- 
ful lawns and flower gardens, and its two hundred and fifty-seven acres of land 
make it an ideal place to arouse the latent good in the criminal defective and tend 
to impress him with a new ambition to be restored to an honorable place in so- 
ciety. 

A day school has recently been inaugurated where the unfortunates who are 
confined here may, at least, obtain a rudimentary education. A superintendent 
of schools, Mr. C. C. Taylor, has recently been engaged for this purpose by the 



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350 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

board of control at a salary of one hundred dollars per month, also an instructor 
for the female department at a salary of fifty dollars per month. 

From the facilities thus offered to the inmates to improve themselves men- 
tally much good is expected to result. They are given ample opportunity to 
develop any talent they may have. The Reformatory Press gives them an excel- 
lent medium through which they may express their thoughts. It furnishes them 
with an incentive to enlarge growing ideas and to attain a literary education. 
The superintendent of schools is assisted by a corps of inmate teachers and the 
school is in a flourishing condition. 

The state use and contract systems of labor are in vogue. It is designed to 
place each man where he is most fitted. This cannot always be done because the 
facilities are not yet adequate enough. Although much has already been accom- 
plished under the able leadership of Warden Barr, much more needs to be done 
before the institution will be all that the name "reformatory" implies. Taking 
into consideration the fact that it is but recently, comparatively, that the change 
from the penitentiary to reformatory has taken place, the state has every reason 
to congratulate itself on the progress which has been made. Altogether it may be 
tnily said that it is an ideal institution of its kind and is pregnant of much com- 
ing good. Its administrative head, with the hearty cooperation of his subor- 
dinate officers, is doing a great work for the betterment of his charges. 

PEOPLES GAS COMPANY. 

This company was incorporated on the nth day of May, A. D. 1909, and re- 
ceived its charter from the state of Iowa on the 14th day of May, 1909, author- 
izing it to do business for a period of twenty years. The Peoples Gas Company 
contracted with the American Construction Company of Newton, Iowa, for the 
erection of a Tinney Gas Plant in Anamosa, which plant was completed and in 

operation by the day of , 1909. W. A. Cunningham was the chief 

organizer and promoter of this company and received a franchise from the city 

of Anamosa for said gas company on the day of , 1909. The price 

of gas is one dollar and forty cents per thousand feet if paid during the first ten 
days of each month and one dollar and fifty cents if not paid during said time. 

The officers of the company are: president, W. A. Cunningham; vice-presi- 
dent, F. G. Ray; treasurer, E. K. Ray; secretary, J. E. Remley. The directors 
are : W. A. Cunningham, Anamosa, Iowa ; F. G. Ray, Vinton, Iowa ; C. L. Niles, 
Anamosa, Iowa; E. K. Ray, Anamosa, Iowa; J. E. Remley, Anamosa, Iowa; 
J. A. Belknap, Anamosa, Iowa; Wm. Thomas, Anamosa, Iowa. 

THE ANAMOSA FAIR ASSOCIATION. 

The first association regarding the Anamosa Fair was on the 5th day of Au- 
gust, 1879, when the Anamosa Driving Park Association was organized and in- 
corporated under the laws of the state of Iowa. 

The following is the published notice of incorporation: 

'* First. The name of the corporation is the * Anamosa Driving Park Asso- 
ciation.* 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 351 

"Second. The general nature of the business of said association is as fol- 
lows : The purchase, improvement and fitting up of grounds to be used for fairs, 
agricultural exhibitions, for the training of horses, and for the purpose of a 
driving park generally, with power to lease said grounds for the above said 
purposes and such other uses as the executive committee may determine. 

*Third. The authorized capital stock of this association is three thousand 
dollars, with power to increase the same to five thousand dollars, in shares of 
twenty-five dollars each, payable on the call of the president. 

"Fourth. The time of commencement of said corporation is August 5, 1879, 
and the same is to continue for twenty years. 

"Fifth. The aflFairs of the association shall be conducted by one president, 
one vice-president, one secretary, one treasurer and five directors, which five 
directors, together with president and secretary, shall constitute an executive 
committee. All of said officers shall be elected by the stockholders of said asso- 
ciation on the first Monday in January of each year. 

"Sixth. The highest amount of indebtedness to which the corporation is at 
any one time to subject itself, five hundred dollars. 

"Seventh. The private property of the stockholders shall be exempt from 
the payment of corporation debts." 

The following are the officers : president, N. S. Noble ; vice-president, J. P. 
Scroggs ; secretary, William Mclntyre ; treasurer, L. Schoonover. 

Directors : George Watters, L. N. Pitcher, Patrick Washington, John Foley 
and Samuel Tucker. 

The Anamosa Driving Park Association held title to the land now used for 
fair purposes, consisting of about thirty acres, until the 21st day of August, 
1880, when they appointed C. L. Niles trustee of the Anamosa Driving Park 
Association for the purpose of holding title to said land, who held title to the 
same until the 29th day of December, 1889, when C. L. Niles, trustee of the Ana- 
mosa Driving Park Association, deeded the premises to T. E. Watters as trus- 
tee for the Anamosa Driving Park Association, a corporation, and the Anamosa 
District Fair Association, a copartnership, who held title to same as trustees until 
the 7th day of August, 1895, when T. E. Watters as trustee deeded said premises 
to the Anamosa Fair Association, a corporation, which corporation now holds 
title to the same. 

In the year 1895 the young men of Anamosa desiring to improve the Anamosa 
fair and make it one of the best fairs in the state organized themselves into an 
association under the name of the Anamosa District Fair Association. These 
young men took an active energetic interest in the Anamosa fair, improving its 
grounds, built a large amphitheater which would hold ten thousand people, moved 
the horse stables from the north side of the fair grounds to the south side as they 
now stand, planted elm trees so as to make a nice shady park and improved the 
grounds in every particular. The Anamosa District Fair Association and the 
Anamosa Driving Park Association were merged into one body and the same 
members owned the property and belonged to both associations. 

The members of the Anamosa District Fair Association and the Anamosa 
Driving Park Association were as follows: E. R. Moore, T. E. Watters, J. E. 
King. F. J. Cunningham, T. W. Foley, J, R. Washington, F. M. Rhodes, W. H. 



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352 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Prentice, A. C. Watters, Bert Scott, D. B. Sigworth, W. S Bromily, W A. Miller, 
J. A. Belknap, John Z. Lull, Wm. McGuire, S. T. McLaughlin, W. D. Sheean, 
A. M. Simmons and M. J. Campbell. 

The Anamosa District Fair Association continued until the 7th day of Au- 
gust, 1905, when the present Anamosa Fair Association was incorporated under 
the laws of the state of Iowa, at which time Clifford L. Niles, James E. Remley, 
Dr. T. C. Gorman and H. E. Beam were added to the list of members. The 
officers of the Anamosa Fair Association under said incorporation were : presi- 
dent, H. E. Beam; vice president, John Z. Lull; secretary, A. C. Watters; treas- 
urer, Qifford L. Niles. 

In 1905 it was thought advisable to raise the price of general admission from 
twenty-five cents to thirty-five cents and since that time the price of general ad- 
mission has been thirty-five cents. The following are the rates of admission to 
the fair for the year 1909: 

First day free. Admission each succeeding day: Single tickets, admitting 
one person, thirty-five cents ; children under fourteen years of age, fifteen cents ; 
horse and rider, fifty cents; horse and wagon or buggy and driver, sixty cents; 
two horses and wagon with driver, sixty cents; single ticket to amphitheater 
and quarter stretch, fifteen cents. 

The following is the list of officers of the Anamosa Fair Association for 1909: 
president, Frank Johnson; vice president, J. A. Belknap; secretary, L. W. Rus- 
sell ; treasurer, A. C. Watters ; marshal, W. A. Hogan ; superintendent of amuse- 
ments, Wm. McGuire; superintendent of concessions, H. E. Beam; superinten- 
dent of advertising, J. E. Remley; superintendent of amphitheater, J. I. Hay; 
superintendent of stalls, Joe Tyler; superintendent of floral hall, Mrs. A. M. 
Simmons ; superintendent of stock, W. M. Byerly ; chief of police, C. H. Hast- 
ings; superintendents of fair book: Arthur Remley, T. E. Watters, Edgar Tar- 
box ; superintendent of base ball. E. R. Moore ; superintendent of heralds, Qif- 
ford Niles. 

The following is the present list of members of the Anamosa Fair Associa- 
tion : Wm. McGuire, W. B. Scott, T. C. Gorman, H. E. Beam, Gildner Brothers, 
John Baumann, R. Henricksen, R. E. Giltrap, M. F. Meredith, J. I. Hay, Wm. 
Helberg, W. F. McCarty, J. A. Belknap, T. W. Foley, James E. Remley, John 
Cartano, Russell & Son, Frank Scott, Park Chamberlain, W. M. Byerly, Harper 
Smythe, E. R. Moore, S. T. McLaughlin, C. H. Hastings, Meek & Beam. W. S. 
Barker, H. A. Zinn, T. E. Watters, W. T. Bromily, Ben Haigh, W. D. Sheean, 
Paul Kiene, C. R. Howard, F. J. Cunningham, Ralph Simmons. Tyler & Dow^n- 
ing, J. E. King, G. W. Walker, E. K. Ray, Arthur Remley, H. G. Halsey, Tarbox 
& Ireland, D. B. Sigworth, J. Z. Lull, A. C. Watters, Clifford L. Niles, Morey 
Sickle, Thoeming & Buckner, Shaw & Dutton, W. A. Hogan, C. P. Scroggs, 
Robert Johnson & Son. 

The Anamosa Fair Association is one of the most successful fairs in the state 
of Iowa and has been for a number of years. This is the fair that originated 
the vaudeville attraction at fairs in the state of Iowa and became noted as an 
attraction fair. It has been somewhat unfortunate for the last three years as it 
has rained every year and interfered more or less with the attendance. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 353 

ANAMOSA CEMETERY ASSOCIATION. 

Pursuant to adjournment, the citizens of Anamosa convened at the Methodist 
church on the evening of the nth of May, 1863, for the purpose of completing 
the above organization, G. W. Field, Esq., in the chair. C. R. Scott was made 
secretary' of the meeting. 

The committee appointed at a previous meeting to draft articles of incorpora- 
tion, made a report through W. G. Hammond, Esq., chairman of the committee, 
which report was received and the committee discharged. The articles of incor- 
poration were, on motion, adopted seriatim, and signed by E. B. Alderman, J. E. 
Friend, A. Spalding, D. Kinert, S. G. Matson, J. J. Dickinson, George W. Field, 
W. G. Hammond, H. L. Palmer, S. A. Pope, Jacob Gerber and C. R. Scott as 
corporators. 

The committee appointed on cemetery grounds, through J. J. Dickinson, Esq., 
reported progress, and the committee continued under former instructions. 

On motion, the association proceeded to elect nine trustees for the ensuing 
year. E. B. Alderman, W. G. Hammond, Alonzo Spalding, J. J. Dickinson, Israel 
Fisher, G. P. Dietz, J. E. Friend, C. R. Scott and G. W. Field were duly elected 
trustees of the corporation. 

G. W. Field, W. G. Hammond and C. R. Scott were appointed to draft by-laws 
for the government of the corporation. 

The secretary and treasurer were instructed to open books for subscription. 

The association adjourned to meet again in one week. 

On the 1 2th of May, 1863, articles of incorporation were filed for record with 
the recorder of Jones county, Iowa, at 12 o'clock M., and recorded in book 22 
of deeds, page 123. 

Various propositions were received at different times for the sale of land to 
the association, but no purchase was made until the nth of May, 1864, when the 
grounds known as the *'old cemetery" were purchased from G. H. Ford, together 
with adjacent grounds, embracing in all about fifteen acres, situated west of the 
city, on an elevated portion of ground at the junction of Buffalo Creek with the 
Wapsipinicon River. The situation is decidedly beautiful and romantic. The 
purchase was made on three, six and nine years' time, at eight per cent, and the 
association was made ready to make sales of the laid-out lots, and soon entered 
upon the work of laying out and improving the cemetery. 

In 1869, under the personal supervision of Mr. J. H. Fisher, the whole ground 
*vvas inclosed with a strong, pine board fence, and a roadway thirty feet wide 
cut around, inside the fence. On the east side, a strip of ground some thirty feet 
wide and two hundred long, leading to the cemetery grounds proper, was inclosed 
in the same substantial fence, and at the entrance-way was made a handsome 
double gate, twelve feet wide. These gates were hinged to massive pillars and 
kept locked. 

During the last few years there has been a great deal of attention paid to the 
Riverside cemetery and many fine improvements have been made. The cemetery 
association has built a large receiving vault, has fixed up the grounds by improv- 
ing the lots and keeping the grass mowed and built a wide cement walk from the 
entrance gate to the main part of the cemetery grounds. In the spring of 1909 



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354 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

a large and imposing blue Bedford cut stone gateway with large iron gates was 
erected at the entrance of the cemetery at a cost of one thousand dollars. This 
is a magnificent gateway and adds much to the beauty of the cemetery. River- 
side cemetery is situated on a hill at the junction of the Wapsipinicon and Buffalo 
Creek making a beautiful as well as a convenient spot for a resting place for the 
dead. It has many costly and substantial monuments, well kept roads and graves 
with evergreen trees and shrubbery. The lots were well platted and arranged with 
cinder avenues so that all lots may be reached with convenience and ?ill graves 
observable from the roadside. 

There are three well built vaults. One public vault and two private vaults, 
which are an ornament to the grounds. The two private vaults are owned by 
the Soper and Skinner families. 

FIRST BURIAL IN THE ANAMOSA CEMETERY. 

The first person buried in what is now the Anamosa Cemetery was a child of 
John Leonard. Leonard's home was at Fairview, but he was working for some 
person in Anamosa (then Lexington), and his family was with him. His child 
died, and as there was no regular burying-ground, those who had previously died 
were buried on the hillside back of what is now the dwelling of Mathews & Son, 
and back of the Midland Railroad track. The child was buried on the hill, and 
among a few scattered trees overlooking the Wapsie. All who died here in the 
years that followed were buried on the same hill, and, finally, in the year 1854 or 
1855, the ground, which was the property of Mr. G. H. Ford, was laid out into 
burial lots. 

The first officers of the association were : president, George W. Field ; secre- 
tary, C. R. Scott ; treasurer, E. B. Alderman. 

The present officers are: president, William Thomas; vice-president, C. W. 
Metcalf; treasurer, Wm. Alspaugh; secretary, T. W. Shapley. 

The following are the present trustees: C. L. Niles, Wm. Alspaugh, Wm. 
Thomas, F. M. Belknap, H. H. Soper, Ed Osborne, C. W. Metcalf, C. H. Ander- 
son, W. A. Cunningham. 

Mr. T. W. Shapley has been secretary of the association continuously since 
the i6th of May, 1889. 

THE GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC. 

Post No. 4 of the Grand Army of the Republic was organized in Anamosa, 
Jones county, Iowa, on the 13th day of August, 1866, at a meeting of the charter 
members consisting of the following named persons : William T. Shaw, Edwin 
B. Alderman, Richard McDaniel, Lawrence Schoonover, George L. Yount, James 
A. Palmer, Jeremiah Austin, Alexander RoUo and O. B. Crane. E. B. Alderman 
was made chairman and the following named persons were its first officers : post 
commander, Wm. T. Shaw ; assistant post commander, E. B. Alderman ; post ad- 
jutant, Richard McDaniel; post quarter-master, T. H. Thompson; post sergeant, 
Horace H. Gates. Wm. T. Shaw, John H. Barnard, and Geo. L. Yount were ap- 
pointed recruiting officers. Post No. 4 of the Grand Army of the Republic con- 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 355 

tinued until the 230! day of August, 1867, when it disbanded on account of the 
lack of interest and inability to get the members to attend meetings. 

On the 20th day of March, 1880, an organization called Our Country De- 
fenders was organized at an informal meeting of ex-soldiers held at Good Tem- 
plars Hall, Saturday morning, March 20, 1880. General J. H. Gray, commissary 
general of musters of the National Encampment was present and read- the plat- 
form of the National Encampment of Our Country Defenders and explained the 
object of the organization. Those present were G. L. Yount, C. W. Coe, E. M. 
Condit, T. E. Patterson, E. J. Wood, Wm. B. Fish, I. H. Brasted, Robert Dott, 

B. H. White, John Stewart, L. C. Aldridge, A. V. Eaton, E. V. N. Hall. These 
comrades took the obligation administered by General Gray and proceeded to the 
election of officers which resulted as follows : Geo. L. Yount, commander ; E. M. 
Condit, lieutenant commander; I. H. Brasted, adjutant; V. H. White, quarter- 
master; C. W. Coe, chaplin; E. J. Wood, officer of the day; T. E. Patterson, 
officer of the guard; W. B. Fish, sergeant major; M. M. Curtis, quarter-master- 
sergeant; L. C. Aldridge, drum major; E. V. A. Hall, chief musician. 

The encampment was named Major Thompson Encampment No. 25 after 
Judge Wm. C. Thompson of Marion, Iowa. The initiation fee was seventy-five 
cents. This organization continued until May 3, 1881, when it went out of 
existence. 

On the I2th of May, 1881, the present Fred Steel Post No. 4 of the Grand 
Army of the Republic was organized at an informal meeting of ex-soldiers held 
at Good Templars Hall Friday evening. May 12, 1882. General Burst and 
Major F. Clendennan were present as mustering officers. 

The following ex-soldiers were then obligated: E. M. Condit, M. M. Curtis, 
James Phelan, A. L. Eager, H. H. Monroe, Frank Chapman, R. Wilkinson, L. C. 
Aldridge, James Lampson, Frank Fisher, I. H. Brasted, E. V. N. Hall, J. B. 
Vandusen, Wm. H. Arment, John Stewart, G. L. Yount, Harlan HoUenbeck, 

C. W. Coe, L. J. Adair. C. W. Coe was called to the chair and I. H Brasted 
was appointed secretary. The following officers were elected : post commander, 
L. C. Aldridge; S. V. P. C, C. W. Coe; J. V. P. C, Harlan HoUenbeck, adjutant, 
\V. H. Arment; quarter-master, I. H. Brasted; surgeon, L. J. Adair; chaplain, 
R. V. N. Hall ; officer of the guard, James Lamson ; O. D., G. L. Yount ; sergeant 
major, M. M. Curtis; Q. M. sergeant, John Stewart. 

The post was named James A. Garfield Post of Anamosa, Iowa, but before 
the national organization could be notified some other post had selected the name 
of James A. Garfield and a new name had to be chosen. The name of Fred Steel 
Post was selected and the Anamosa post was granted their original number. No. 

4, as the fourth post organized in Iowa was organized at Anamosa. The Fred 
Steel Post No. 4 paid the outstanding indebtedness of the old organization of 
our Country Defenders and took their property. 

The following is the present roster of Fred Steel Post, No. 4 : C. P. Atwood, 
Thos. Burke, I. H. Brasted, J. H. Barnard, Wm. Bromley, Wm. Brown, John 
Fiirk, J. A. Bishop, Frank Cooper, Dr. S. Druet, Frank Grimm, David Heisey, 

5. C. Hall, C. S. Holcomb, H. Harris, Hamaker, W. W. Isham, M. Ken- 
yon, Jas. H. Lamson, Jno. A. Leaper, Isaac Luce, A. F. Lohrman, I. H. Meek, 
John McHorter, Thomas Neiley, T. L. Pattison, T. E. Patterson, Anton Parker, 



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356 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Louis Rosencrans, John Ronen, L. Rushford, W. C. Ruhl, M. P. Sigworth, H. W. 
Sigworth, Geo. W. Sones, Jas. Strickle, Wm. Sampica, A. Somers, John Strickle, 
Henry Sitka, iienry Thompson, Warren Tauer, E. J. Wood, W. W. Walbridge, 
Jos. Weiss, and Thomas Wilds. Forty-six members. 

The Grand Army of the Republic has been an active organization in Ana- 
mosa for a great many years and has taken charge and successfully conducted 
memorial day exercises every year and have decorated the graves of all deceased 
soldiers. They are loyal to their follow members and render assistance when- 
ever called upon. Their numbers become fewer every year and it will be but a 
few years when the order from lack of members will go completely out of exist- 
ance. 

EASTIlRN IOWA VETERAN ASSOCIATION. 

The members of the Fred Steel Post No. 4, were active members in the 
organization known as the Eastern Iowa Veteran Association, which organiza- 
tion was effected at Anamosa about the year 1878 and was dis-organized about 
the year 1890. The ninth annual reunion was held at Anamosa, Iowa, Wednesday, 
Thursday and Friday, September 7, 8 and 9, 1887. The officers of the asso- 
ciation at that time were as follows: general commander, William T. Shaw; 
colonel, Milo Smith; lieutenant colonel, D. B. Moorehouse; senior major, W. P. 
Rigby; junior major, W. S. R. Burnet. 

This was a large reunion of soldiers and the feature of the day was a sham 
battle upon the Anamosa Fair Grounds, which was largely attended by ex-soldiers 
and fellow citizens. 

G. L. Yount of Anamosa, was adjutant general of the day and T. M. Wilds 
was judge advocate general. 

E. J. Wood of Anamosa, held the office of general commander in this organiza- 
tion, and he and William T. Shaw were the only Anamosa citizens honored by an 
office. 

THE APOLLO CLUB. 

The only musical organization in Anamosa, — ^had its inception in the minds 
-of a few earnest music-lovers eight years ago. 

The ambitious name belonged at first to a rather meager membership ; this 
has steadily grown, both in numbers and enthusiam, until now fifty names are 
upon the club's roll. 

The high musical standard set for the club by its founders has never been 
lowered ; and the nine programs given each year comprise only the best in vocal 
and instrumental composition. 

The meetings are held at the houses of the members on the second Tuesday 
evening of each month from October to June. In addition it is the custom of 
the club to give in one of the churches an oratorio or sacred cantata at Easter; 
thus far "The Crucifixion.'* 'The Holy City," and "Olivet to Calvary" have been 
given. 

Two years ago the opera "Chimes of Normandy" was given in the Opera 
House most successfully under the direction of a professional brought from 
Chicago ; "The Pirates of Penzance" will be sung the present season. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 357 

Upon one occasion Apollo took a vacation, in which interim a male minstrel 
show was given for the benefit of the club, and netted a sufficient sum to purchase 
whatever music the performers on program did not care to own. This music is 
the property of the club and is kept for its use by the club librarian. The 
replenished treasury also offered the club last year the pleasure of a concert given 
by Mrs. Haman, Mr. Montilius and Mr. Orr of Cedar Rapids, on New Year's 
Eve, followed by a reception, at the home of the president, Mrs. E. R. Moore, and 
later in the year, it enabled the club to secure Dr. Waugh Lander for two mag- 
nificent piano recitals. Two other pleasant social affairs were given by the 
club in previous years; the first, a regular club program to which the general 
public was invited; and the second, a rendition of Schubert's song cycle, "The 
Fair Maid of the Mill" by Mrs. T. R. Watson of Cedar Rapids, at the home of 
Mrs. W. B. Skinner. 

The outlook for successful work the coming year is very bright as the 
calendars are now in the hands of the members, and the work will cover selections 
from standard operas and oratorios, with several symphonies. 

The present officers are as follows: President, Mrs. E. B. Harrison; vice 
president, Mrs. C. H. Anderson; secretary, Miss Gordon; treasurer, Mrs. G. E. 
Noble; librarian, Mrs. J. S. Stacy. 

DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. 

The Daughters of the American Revolution, Francis Shaw Chapter, No. 501, 
was organized at Anamosa, Iowa, October, 1899, and was named in honor of 
Francis Shaw, Jr., of Boston, Massachusetts and Gouldsboro, Maine. The first 
meeting was held at the home of Mrs. C. S. Millard, the first regent being Miss 
H. L. Shaw. 

The chapter meets monthly at the homes of the members, the programs being 
literary and musical. A program of more than passing interest was given on May 
2, 1903, "History of the Mass," as follows: 

Paper — Historical Sketch of *The Mass" ^Mrs. Bagley 

Music Miss Dyer 

(a) Kyrie and Gloria — Twelfth Mass Mozart 

(b) Graduale Noel Adam 

(c) Credo — Messe Sollenelle Gounod 

(d) Offertory — Ave Maria — Bach Gounod 

(e) Sanctus — Benedictus — Mass in C Beethoven 

( f ) Agnus Dei — Messe. Sollenelle Gounod 

This program was given later in the Catholic church with the approval of 

the priest and the bishop. The collection taken on this occasion, amounting to 
about fifty dollars was given to the sanitarium. 

The Francis Shaw chapter was largely instrumental in securing the erection 
of the library. This will be seen in the history of that splendid institution. 

The present officers an'd members of the chapter are as follows: regent, 
Mrs. F. M. Bagley; vice regent, Mrs. Geo. Schoonover; second vice regent, 
Miss Bertha Remley; secretary, Mrs. Geo. Noble; treasurer, Mrs. J. H. Ramsey; 
registrar. Miss Harriet Cunningham; historian, Mrs. Eleanor Strawman. 



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358 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

LIST OF MEMBERS, FRANCIS SHAW CHAPTER NO. SOI. 

Mrs. Ella Thomsen Bagley 29451 

Miss Eva Byerly 49»905 

Mrs. Elizabeth McDowell Buckley 49»056 

Mrs. Mary Calkins Chassell 37,262 

Mrs. Vada Lamb Carpenter 29,452 

Mrs. Lena Hubbell Chamberlain 29,459 

Miss Harriet Amaret Cunningham 29,454 

Miss Celia Dyer 34»i3i 

Mrs. Eliza Crane Ferguson 29,456 

Mrs. Elida McCutcheon Ellison 30,308 

Mrs. Agnes Dyer Foley 34»i32 

Mrs. Ida L. B. Glanville 33.303 

Mrs. Laura Monroe Gould 50,742 

Mrs. Charlotte Page Hartman 29,844 

ivJns. Mary Ryan Harvey 33*304 

Mis5 Jane Merton Harvey 33*305 

Mrs. Frances Little Hicks 44,290 

Mrs. Josephine tlolt Howard 29.458 

Miss Rena Hubbell 30,309 

Mrs. Amanda Peck Hunter 32,063 

Mrs. Laura Hicks Koop 44.291 

Mrs. Mary Thompson Ketcham 29,461 

Mrs. Cornelia Samson 53.68o 

Mrs. Emogene Sartelle Lull 30,310 

Mrs. Augusta Hopkins McCarn 29.464 

Mrs. Hattie Lull McGuire 34*130 

Mrs. Mary Wynkoop Moore 4i*794 

Mrs. Nellie Scroggs Niles 29,449 

Mrs. Clara Holt Xiles 29,460 

Mrs. EHza Webb Noble 30.31 r 

Mrs. Sarah Thompson Osborne 29,466 

Mrs. Lena Scroggs Pitcher 33*3o6 

Mrs. Ella Hazard Petcina 52,588 

Miss Annette Page 29,845 

Mrs. Cora Belknap Ramsey 52,589 

Mrs. Mary Underwood Remley 29,469 

Miss Bertha Remley 33*737 

Mrs. Sarah A. Sarles 33»307 

Mrs. Jane Meade Sigworth 29,470 

Mrs. Margaret Davis Sigworth 52,590 

Mrs. Anna Harvey Snyder 49425 

Mrs. Margery Ryan Soper 18.421 

Mrs. Eleanor Soper Strawman 58,297 

Miss Anna Treman 29.846 

Mrs. Lucile Ellen Tucker 49*057 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 359 

Miss Margaret Wood 33>3o8 

Mrs. Mary Hathaway Washburn 32,064 

Mrs. Jeanette Welch 5976i 

Miss Carrie M. Wildey (Number not yet received) 

Miss Ida Osborne, Miss Lena Osborne, Miss Agnes Remley, Miss Elsa Straw- 
man, Mrs. Elva Dunham Parsons, Mrs. Grace Lovell Schoonover, Mrs. Carrie 
Schoonover, Miss Verda Lytton, Mrs. Estella Jump, Mrs. Lorenda Peet Temple- 
man. 

Life Members: Mrs. Frances Higby Button, 29,455; Mrs. Theresa Peet 
Russell, 29468; Miss Helen Louisa Shaw, 4.702; Miss Mary Dutton, 55,180. 
Honorary Member: Mrs. W. S. Benton, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

In Memoriam: Mrs. Elizabeth Crane Shaw, Mrs. Theresa Peet Myrick, Mrs. 
Augusta Peet Hubbell, Mrs. Elizabeth Hicks Lull, Mrs. Jennie Waite Pearson, 
Mrs. Gertrude Herrick Cowan. 

The regents are as follows: Helen L. Shaw, Nellie S. Nile5, Charlotte P. 
Hartman and Helen T. Bagley. 

THE LIBRARY. 

In January, 1900, by the will of a former resident, Walter S. Benton, of 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, the city of Anamosa was left the sum of ten thousand 
dollars to be used in purchasing books for the public library, provided a suitable 
building should be erected inside of three years. 

The city council did not feel quite strong enough to undertake the work and 
expense which the acceptance of this generous gift involved. They voted a cer- 
tain sum for the support of the library if it should be built. The council wrote 
to the executor of Mr. Benton's estate to be allowed to erect a building the 
upper story of which was to be the library and the lower story to be used for a 
hose house. This offer was declined. It was at this stage of the proceedings 
that The Daughters of the Revolution took hold of the project. The Francis 
Shaw chapter, feeling that this gift should not be rejected or allowed to lapse, 
resolved to try to raise the necessary sum. The chapter raised by subscription, 
five thousand, eight hundred dollars, and the chapter raised by entertainments, 
seventeen hundred dollars, and other societies a^d entertainments, eighty dollars. 
Later, Mrs. Benton very generously gave three thousand dollars. The total cost 
of the library and site was eleven thousand dollars. The city furnished the 
building at a cost of eight hundred and twenty-five dollars. In January, 1903, 
the library was turned over to the city by Miss H. L. Shaw, regent of Francis 
Shaw chapter. The library was built and finished in accordance with instructions 
left by Mr. Benton and accepted by his trustees, January, 1903, and opened to 
the public, August i, 1903. The library is complete in every particular, and com- 
petent critics state that there is no library in the state in any town of less than 
fifteen thousand that is as well equipped. 

The present library board is: president, Mrs. E. M. Harvey; vice-president, 
Harriet Cunningham; secretary, Mrs. Laura Gould; T. W. Shapley, George 
Schoonover, Dr. T. C. Gorman, Mrs. H. A. Ercanbrack, Mrs. H. M. Remley and 
Mrs. E. R. Moore. 



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360 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

The board is appointed by the Mayor of the city of Anamosa. 

The number of volumes in the library on September i, 1909, was four thou- 
sand, one hundred and twenty-three volumes. Total circulation during the year 
ten thousand, two hundred and two volumes. Largest daily circulation eighty-four. 
Smallest daily circulation six. Average daily circulation thirty-two. Total num- 
ber of borrower's cards, one thousand, two hundred and seventy-four. Number of 
days open during the year three hundred and seven. 

The Hbrarians have been Miss Cornelius McCarn, who was the first lib- 
rarian, who resigned Sept. i, 1909, and Miss Remley who was appointed her suc- 
cessor and is now the present librarian. 

MINUTES OF CITY COUNCIL REGARDING LIBRARY. 

Anamosa, Iowa, February 5, 1900. 

Council met in regular session, presiding his honor, the Mayor. Present 

all councilmen, except Joslin and Sigworth. Minutes of last regular and special 

meetings read and approved. 

*♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

A copy of the will of the late Walter S. Benton was then presented to the 
city council and the article relative to the bequest made to the city was then read, 
and the Mayor was then ordered to write his executors an acknowledgment of the 
receipt of the instrument 

Anamosa, Iowa, April. 9, 1900. 

Council met as a board of review, presiding his honor, the Mayor. Council- 
men present, Atkinson, Foley, Simmons, Watters, Cunningham, Jackells, Lull 
and Cook. Minutes of last meeting read and approved. 

Miss Lou Shaw, representing the D. A. R., came before the council in behalf 
of the public library building. After reading her plans and suggestions, motion 
was made and carried that a committee of three be appointed to confer with the 
city attorney and F. O. Ellison and determine if an arrangement could be made 
satisfactory to the D. A. R. and others interested and in compliance with the 
statute governing libraries, and report at the next meeting of the council. 

The Mayor appointed Atkinson, Cunningham and Lull as said committee. 

Anamosa. Iowa, May 7. 1900. 

Council met in regular session, presiding his honor, the. Mayor. Councilmen 
present, Atkinson, Foley, Simmons, Cunningham, Jackells, and Lull. Minutes of 
last meeting read and approved. 

The following report of public library committee was accepted: To the 
honorable Mayor and city council : Your committee to whom was referred the 
matter of public library, and the proposition of the society known as the D. A. R. 
in relation thereto, would respectfully report that they have discussed the issues 
with Senator Ellison representing said society, and have decided to recommend 
that an ordinance be prepared governing the relation between the city, the sub- 
scribers to the building fund, and the D. A. R., in which provision shall be made 
for three directors representing D. A. R., three represeting the subscribers to the 



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PIBLIC LIBRARY, ANAMOSA 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 363 

building fund, and three others thus making up the board of nine trustees or 

directors as provided by the statute. 

E. L. Atkinson, 
W. A. Cunningham, 
J. Z. Lull, 

Committee. 

Anamosa, Iowa, June 4, 1900. 

Council met in regular session, his honor, the Mayor, W. D. Sheean, presid- 
ing. Councilmen present, Atkinson, Simmons, Cunningham, Jackells, Lull and 
Cook. * * * 

The ordinance providing for the appointment of library trustees was read the 
first time; on motion the rules were suspended and passed to the second reading; 
was read the second time and passed to the third reading; read the third time 
and on motion adopted by the following vote : Yeas, Atkinson, Simmons, Wattcrs, 
Cunningham, Jackells, Lull and Cook. Nays, none. C. H. Carter, Clerk. 

Adopted the fourth day of June, 1900. 

sanitarium. 

The Anamosa Sanitarium was originally built for a Mother House for the 
Sisters of St. Francis under the direction and inspiration of Rev. Robert Powers. 
In connection with the Mother House there was a Catholic school established in 
Anamosa and the building called the old Catholic church was remodelled and 
used for school purposes. After a few years it did not appear to be advisable 
to continue the Catholic school nor the Mother House and both were disbanded 
Archbishop Hennessey, of Dubuque, granted a permit to Dr. D. W. Gawley to use 
this building for a sanitarium and it has been so used until the present time. At 
the death of Dr. Gawley, the permit was given to Dr. A. G. Hejinian. On Jan- 
uary 28, 1902, when the building was filled with patients it caught fire from cinders 
dropping to the roof from the chimney and was burned to the ground, saving, 
however, the walls and part of the lower story. In summer of 1902, shortly after 
the fire Archbishop Keane was in Anamosa and was the inspiration and cause 
of starting a subscription for the rebuilding of the sanitarium. He himself 
giving five hundred dollars. The sum of five hundred dollars was given by 
Hon. J. A. Green, W. T. Shaw, Dr. T. C. Gorman, Drs. Sigworth and sons and 
Dr. A. G. Hejinian. With this start a subscription of three thousand, five hundred 
dollars was raised at once, which sum together with the insurance on the old 
building permitted the sanitarium to be rebuilt. The Sisters of Mercy, of Cedar 
Rapids, have charge of the Sanitarium. The Catholic church has no control or 
management and all physicians have equal privileges and rights. 

The sanitarium is one of the most beneficial organizations in the city of 
Anamosa and its reputation is spread throughout the whole state and country 
and many patients come to this sanitarium from great distances in order to 
receive the services of its physicians and the care given by the sisters. The city 
may well be proud of such an institution and proud of its doctors and management. 



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364 HISTORY OF JOXES COUNTY 

EDUCATIONAL. 

March 25, 1859, a petition, signed by ten voters of the town of Anamosa, 
was presented to the town council praying an election to be held in said town to 
decide whether the corporation and territory adjoining, which had previously 
been attached for school purposes, should become a separate and independent 
district in accordance with certain powers conferred by the state board of edu- 
cation during the previous year. 

In answer to this petition, the mayor, by order of the council, proclaimed an 
election, to be held on the second Monday of April following, to decide the matter. 
In this election an unanimous vote of seventy ballots was cast in favor of a 
separate district. 

The first board was elected April 19, 1859, and was composed of : President, 
William T. Shaw ; vice-president, J. S. Dimmitt ; secretary, J. J. Dickinson ; direc- 
tors: Israel Fisher, R. S. Hadley, R. Crane and David Graham. 

There were at that time five teachers employed in the district. During the 
summer of 1859, school was kept in what was known as the "Brick Schoolhouse" 
and the United Brethren church — two teachers in each. The schools were kept 
in session forty-four weeks out of fifty-two, and the school year was divided into 
a summer and winter term of twenty-two weeks each. 

The old schoolhouse, in what was known as the Belknap district, was at once 
sold by the new board to Adam Snyder for one hundred and thirty dollars. In the 
winter of 1859-60, the M. E. church was rented for school purposes. In the 
summer of 1861, St. Marks* Episcopal and the Congregational churches were 
rented by the district. In these buildings and other rented rooms the public 
schools were kept until the erection of the present school building. The site of 
this structure, which is commonly called the graded school, was purchased in the 
spring of 1861 of Burton Peet, being two and a half acres of the northeast comer 
of section 10, in Fairview township. In April, 1861, bids were received for the 
erection of a building in accordance with the specification and plans already 
prepared. Two bids were presented only — E. C. Holt, four thousand, six hundred 
dollars, and Alonzo Spaulding, four thousand, four hundred and seventy-five dol- 
lars. The latter was awarded the contract, and in June a tax of five mills was 
levied toward meeting the wants of the building fund. The house was not com- 
pleted until the winter of 1862-63. ^^^^ when plastered and furnished cost almost 
double the original bid. 

An addition was made to the building in 1872, to defray the expenses of 
which bonds of the district were voted to the amount of five thousand dollars, 
being five one thousand dollar bonds due in one, two, three, four and five 
years. The addition was not built by single contract. 

To accommodate pupils in that portion of the district, a schoolhouse was 
erected in the summer of 1867. in the direction of the stone quarr>\ This was 
burned in 1871 by a fire originating from a locomotive, and sweeping through the 
timber in which the schoolhouse was located. A new building was immediately 
erected at a cost of one thousand dollars. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 365 

In April, 1877, that portion of the Independent district south of the Wap- 
sipinicon was set off to the Fairview district, the river being declared a legal 
obstruction, preventing the attendance of children from opposite side. 

April 8. 1872. the Independent District of Strawberry Hill was separated 
from the Independent School District of Anamosa by a vote of the electors of 
the former corporation. The vote stood twenty-three to two in favor of a dis- 
trict organization. 

A course of study was formally adopted in 1874, arranging for a high school 
department of three years. At that time, there was an indebtedness of six thousand, 
five hundred dollars hanging over the district, which has all been since removed. 

In 1885. by vote of the people the Independent School District of Anamosa 
built on an addition to the graded school which was called the high school, which 
added materially to the looks of the building, and enlarged the room, which was 
made necessary by the increased attendance. Mr. E. C. Holt had the contract. 
There was some strife at the time of the election as to whether it should be 
built on the north side of the town or an addition to the graded school. 

The school at Stone City is under the supervision of the Independent School 
District of Anamosa. They have a very nice stone school house consisting of 
two rooms. This school house was built from the stone obtained in the stone quar- 
ries at Stone City. It is an up to date school in every particular. The school 
district owns the old brick schoolhouse and grounds situated on Strawberry Hill, 
but the school building has not been used for two years. It is valuable property 
and may be of use in the future. 

The Anamosa High School has an enrollment of ninety-nine pupils, some 
of whom are from the country and pay tuition. The teachers in the high school 
are: superintendent, M. O. Roark; principal, E. F. Churchill; Blanche I. Drees, 
Alice J. White, Caroline Hillman and Gertrude Ilgen Fritz. The grammar school 
has an enrollment of four hundred and eighteen in the Anamosa school and forty- 
three in the Stone City school, making a total of five hundred and sixty-one. 

The teachers are Elizabeth Lyon, eighth grade, thirty-four pupils; Adella 
Bevans, seventh grade, thirty-five pupils; Nellie Morey, sixth grade, forty-one 
pupils; Grace Tathwell, fifth grade, forty-three pupils; Lena Miller, fourth 
grade, fifty-four pupils ; Julia Gavin, third grade, forty-six pupils ; assistants, Mary 
Rigby, Ida Osbom, first grade, sixty-three; Leta Gade, kindergarten, fifty-one; 
volunteer assistant, Bess Spper. 

Stone City: principal, Grace Balch; grammar department, twenty-two; Kate 
Walsh, primary department, twenty-one. 

The list of superintendents are as follows: C. T. Lampson, Wm. Gage. Mr. 
Hammond, Mr. Coon, I. C. Lusk. C. D. Morey, J. E Kelsey, Amos Hyatt, John 
Davidson, Park Hill, Aaron Palmer, J. C. Macomber, C. E. Buckley, F. C. 
Popham. M. O. Roark. Prof. Park Hill and A. A. Palmer were superintendents 
for a great many years and are particularly beloved by all those who graduated 
under them. Prof. Hill died some years ago and Prof. Palmer is now superin- 
terident of the schools in the city of Marshalltown, which is one of the best schools 
in the state of Iowa. 

The Anamosa High School has a good many graduates. Three hundred and 
fifty-six have graduated from Anamosa High School, the first class in 1871, and 



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366 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

they are found in all walks of life and in all states of the Union. Many graduates 
have attended and graduated from college after graduating from the high school. 
Graduates of our high school are holding many prominent and important posi- 
tions throughout the country. 

The school board consists of the following: president, Dr. B. F. Erb; Clifford 
B. Paul, G. H. Monroe, Frank Dearborn, Ed. Osborn and secretary, E. F. Miller. 

MYSTIC WORKERS OF THE WORLD, ANAMOSA LODGE NO. I7I. 

The Mystic Workers of the World were organized August 30, 1898 and their 
charter was issued on the first day of September, 1898. 

Anamosa Lodge has the honor of having a supreme officer for a period of 
ten years. W. A. Cunningham was elected director in September 1898 and 
reelected 1900 and 1902 and in June 1904, was elected supreme master with a 
salary of two thousand, five hundred dollars a year and all expenses which office 
he held until June, 1908. In June 1904, at the request of the board of directors 
the degree staff of Anamosa was invited with expenses paid to put on the work 
at the supreme lodge to be held at Janesville, Wisconsin, in June 1904. They put 
on the work in magnificent shape and received many compliments. The degree 
staff consisted of the following members: Dr. W. B. Pearson; prefect, Bell 
Boswell; monitor, Fannie Pearson; secretary, Ida McQuown; banker, Ada 
Harper; marshall, Jean Atkinson; queen, Gertrude Cunningham; love, Ada 

Mclntyre; truth, Jennie Oeffinger; hope, Clara Meek, , Ida Wilkinson; 

warden, Olive Kramar; sentinel, Nellie Brady. 

Anamosa Lodge has paid up to September 30, 1909, sixteen thousand, one 
hundred and ninety-eight dollars and thirty-five cents, and its beneficiary has 
received eight thousand, six hundred and fifty dollars. There are two hundred 
and forty-five members in good standing. 

The present officers are: prefect. Flora Simmons; secretary, J. L. Oeffinger; 
monitor, Gertrude Cunningham; marshall, Eva Bunce; warden, W. A. Cunning- 
ham ; sentinel, Leslie Wells ; banker, C. H. Oeffinger. 

MODERN WOODMEN OF AMERICA. 

Anamosa Camp No. 167 was organized March 2, 1886, with forty-four charter 
members as follows: Lyman J. Adair, C. H. Anderson, C. P. Atwood, E. S. 
Atkinson, D, F. Barnard, C. M. Brown, J. F. Brown, F. E. Brush, A. J. Bedford, 
Geo. W. Byerly, W. A. Cunningham, M. Chaplin, J. J. Dickson, W. H. DeFord, F. 
F. Frost, F. J. F'uller, J. H. Graham, J. C. Griffith, L. Greenbaum, M. Gavin, E. M. 
Harvey, C. H. Harvey, J. H. Holcomb, D. M. Hakes, T. L. Haggaro, Geo. H. 
Hitchock, J. W. Jamison, H. Lehmkull, Jacob Laurence, W. M. Osborne, A. L. 
Pollard, J. P. Scroggs, E. F. Smith, John Stewart, L. E. Tucker, T. E. Watters, 
A. G. Williams, H. Wicher, F. B. Warzenbacher, G. S. Hickox, Leo Kaufmann. 
L. W. Norton, R. A. Washburn, C. H. Monger. 

The following were its first officers: venerable counsel, W. A. Cunningham; 
clerk, E. M. Harvey ; banker, T. E. Watters. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 367 

This camp paid into the society's benefit fund to September 20, 1907, at which 
time Camp No. 6,467 consoHdated therewith, a total of twenty-five thousand, 
four hundred and twenty-five dollars and thirty cents, and to the general fund, a 
total of two thousand, nine hundred and seventy-three dollars and forty-five 
cents. 

It has paid out by the society to beneficiaries of members of Camp No. 167. 
thirty-six thousand dollars, or ten thousand, five hundred and seventy-four dol- 
lars and seventy cents more than the members contributed to the beneficiary 
fund. There were in all twenty-one death claims. 

CAMP NO. 6467. 

Camp No. 6467 was organized at Stone City, Iowa, May 5, 1899, with twenty- 
two charter members as follows : M. Marshall, F. Betz, E. Anderson, A. Bruck, 
Wm. Finnegan, Wm. Pickering, F. Holcomb, A. Larson, J. Finnegan, Gus. Fin- 
negan, R. Juno, John Bruck, J. Patnode, E. Hughes, J. Graham, J. Wernimont, 
C. Bruce, Ben Tapper, M. Matson, O. Cleve, A. Patnode, A. Larson. 

On September 20, 1907, this camp having only twenty-three members con- 
solidated with Anamosa Camp No. 167. Prior to the consolidation the camp 
paid into the benefit fund three thousand, five hundred and sixty-five dollars and 
ten cents and into the general fund four hundred and fifty-nine dollars. The 
society paid three death claims in this camp, amounting to seven thousand dollars, 
or three thousand, four hundred and thirty-four dollars and ninety cents more 
than the members contributed to the benefit fund. Altogether the two camps and 
their consolidated membership paid to the society benefit fund thirty-two thou- 
sand, four hundred and fifty-one dollars and thirty-five cents, and to the general 
fund three thousand, seven hundred and four dollars and eighty-five cents, dis- 
bursed to the beneficiaries of twenty- four members dying, forty-three thousand 
dollars, or ten thousand, five hundred and forty-eight dollars and sixty-five cents 
more than was received from the members in the benefit fund. 

The present membership of Camp No. 167, is three hundred and twenty-two 
beneficiary members in good standing. 

The present officers are: venerable counsels, A. McDaniel, E. L. Harvey; 
clerk, H. H. Soper; banker, J. E. Remley. 

Mr. A. McDaniel has held the office of venerable counsel for seven consecutive 
years and H. H. Soper has held his office for eight years. The present success of 
Camp No. 167 is largely due to the energy and faithfulness of these two officers. 

This camp owns its hall and fixtures in the third floor of Shaw*s block and 
is in a prosperous and flourishing condition. 

KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS. 

Sumner Lodge No. 92 was organized on the twenty-fourth day of October, 
1883, by the following charter members: T. T. Parsons, H. S. Fraine, O. L. Per- 
fect, W. L. Wassonaum, J. Z. Lull, B. L. Bedell, H. W. Westveer, C. G. Stivers, 
J. S. Van Antererp, H. J. Banghart, A. Felton, C. H. Monger. 



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368 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

The following is a list of the chancellor commanders: T. T. Parsons, 1883; 
O. L. Perfect, 1884; J. Z. Lull, 1885 ; H. W. Westveer, 1886; J. D. Van Antererp, 
1887; Chas. R. Howard, 1888; B. H. Hickox, 1889; J. Frank Barns, 1890; W. E. 
Dutton, 1891 ; E. R. Moore, 1891 ; F. M. Rhodes, 1891 ; James Robertson, 1892; 
Wm. McGuire, 1893; W. D. Sheean, 1894; W. H. Prentice, 1895; W E Dutton, 
1896; W. A. Cunningham, 1897; T. C. MoUett, 1898; D. M. Griffith, 1899; 
Geo. W. Byerly, 1901 ; B. H. Miller, 1902; B. E. Rhinehart, 1903; H. D. Chadwick, 
1904; D. M. Griffith, 1905; S. Wm. Walton, 1905; H. E. Beam, 1906; J. E. King, 
1907; J. B. Niles, 1908; J. E. Remley, 1909. 

The following is the present list of officers : J. E. Remley, J. F. Brown, J. B. 
Niles, A. A. Clarke, F. B. Beam, Harry Clarke, T. E. Watters, J. W. Wilson, 
A. McQuown, M. M. Miller, S. Wm. Walton. 

The Sumner Lodge Xo. 92, was incorporated under the laws of the state 
of Iowa, on the eleventh day of November, A. D. 1886, by the following named 
persons: T. R. Ercanbrack, T. T. Parsons, W. A. Cunningham, O. L. Perfect, 
James Robertson, B. H. Hickox, E. R. Perfect, J. H. Chapman, Jno. Z. Lull. 
Alex Felton, Chas. Weigel, Chas. Howard. 

Sumner lodge owns its own lodge room, dance hall and parlors connected 
therewith and is one of the best lodge halls in eastern Iowa, and is a very valuable 
and desirable piece of property. 



HLSTORY OF STONE CITY. IOWA, FURNISHED BY HON. J. A 

GREEN. 

Stone City Quarries were so named after the establishment of a postoffice 
here in September 1873. Previous to that time they were known as the Anamosa 
Quarries, as they are still called in some sections by people not knowing the 
location. The nearest quarry to Anamosa on the Wapsipinicon is three miles; 
while those on the Buflfalo River are one and seven-eighths miles. 

THE POSTOFFICE. 

The first postmaster appointed to Stone City, was H. Dearborn, who held the 
office from June 23, 1874, to September 2, 1885. Michael Gavin was next 
appointed and held the office until ill health forced him to resign in 1887. Jas. F. 
Kane's appointment dates from February 26th of that year, until the following 
August, when he resigned and moved away. Michael J. Campbell took the office 
August 3, 1887, and served for ten years, when the present incumbent. John 
Ronen. was appointed. December 9. 1897. giving good service and satisfaction 
to all. 

RELIGIOUS WELFARE. 

In the religious field the spiritual wants of the Catholics were attended to by 
Rev. Father T. McCormick. Father Robert Powers, Father P. J. Leddy. Father 
John Garland and the present pastor Rev. T. J. Norris. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 369 

The Presbyterians had no resident minister, but Sunday-school service was 
held regularly for a time in the Columbia opera house, but this died out through 
lack of interest. 

The Episcopalians had service and Sunday school under the direction of Rev. 
Felix Pickworth, of Anamosa, for a time but this did not prove a success, so 
here ended the efforts of ministers not personally interested in and living among 
the people. 

THE STONE QUARRIES. 

The first stone used from these hills was by the army in territorial times, in 
the construction of bridges on the highways, which stand as monuments to the 
perfection of the stone, it being as perfect as the day it was taken from its natural 
bed, wearing as well as granite possibly could. 

The first stone shipped abroad was to Dubuque and Cedar Falls, by rail in 
i860, by David Graham, who opened the first quarry here, on the center of 
section 5-84-4, which is still in operation. This quarry was successively owned 
and operated by D. Graham, Haines & Lewis, M. Hisey and John Ronen, the 
present operator. From this quarry were shipped thirty-seven thousand, four 
hundred and one cars from the beginning to the present date. 

About 1852, Mr. Haggard quarried from the top of the hill on the extreme 
west end of the Stratified Stone Basin, stone which was hauled by wagon to 
Cornell College, at Mt. Vernon, which was then building. All the trimming of 
that building, which is perfect today, was hauled over the then un-inhabited 
prairies, there being no railroads here in those days. This speaks well for this 
stone as stone was then found in abundance at the foot of the hills where Mt. 
Vernon now stands. The hill from which this stone was taken was afterward 
sold to Dr. S. G. Matson, and called Mt. Hope. It was managed for a time 
by Dr. Matson, then by James & Ross, and later still, by James & Ronen, who 
shipped five thousand carloads of stone. This quarry has not been worked for 
many years and is, at this writing, dormant. 

Next to enter the field were Crouse, Shaw & Weaver, who opened a quarry 
adjacent to the first one opened. They commenced operation in 1866 and con- 
tinued until 1872, when they sold to the state of Iowa. It was then worked by 
the convicts from Anamosa, the Penitentiary having just been established there. 
Crouse, Shaw & Weaver shipped from their quarry in the years 1866 to 1872, 
inclusive, about four thousand cars. 

The state shipped for its own use, and that of the public, as it sold stone for 
two years, from 1872 until the time they abandoned it in 1878, about five thousand 
cars. The legislature passed a resolution at this time preventing the state from 
entering into the market against free labor. This quarry was afterward sold 
to J. A. Green, who in 1884 operated it on a small scale to fill the deficiency of 
Champion. Quarry No. i. He shipped from here about five thousand cars. 

In 1866, the same year which Crouse, Shaw & Weaver opened their quarry, 
which is in the extreme east of the Stratified Stone Basin, Parsons & Webb 
opened what they called Crow Creek Quarry, it being in the center of section 6, 
on the Jones and Linn county line, and in the same hill as Mt. Hope Quarry. They 
continued to do business under the above name for two years, when J. B. Webb 



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370 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

bought out Parsons and ran it in his own name until 1877, since which time it has 
not been worked. There being no data at hand, the shipments from this quarry 
are estimated at about four thousand cars. 

In the spring of 1869, H. Dearborn commenced business on the N. E. one- 
fourth of section 6-84-4, on the north bank of the Wapsipinicon. This quarry is 
still being worked under the name of H. Dearborn & Sons. 

Mr. Dearborn has gone to the great beyond. The stone has proved to be good 
in quality and successful in all its details, forty-six thousand, seven hundred and 
eleven cars of stone having been shipped. 

In 1869, J. A. Green opened the Champion Quarry No. i, on the south 
side of the Wapsipinicon River, and about the center of the Stratified Stone 
Basin, which has proved to be exceedingly good. From here and the other two 
quarries. Champion Quarry No. 2, purchased from the state of Iowa, and Johnel- 
len he has shipped seventy-seven thousand, eight hundred and sixty-four carloads 
of stone. 

In addition to the Champion Quarries, J. A. Green opened a quarry in 1887 
on the Buffalo River, one and seven-eights miles from Anamosa on the Chicago, 
Northwestern Railway, from which he has shipped some seven thousand carloads 
of stone. This quarry, called Johnellen, bids fair to turn out millions of car- 
loads of stone, it being the highest face in this stratification, and embracing several 
hundred acres. 

The next quarry to be opened at Stone City, is the one known as Gold Hill, 
which was opened in 1883 ^Y Dawson & Hess. The property was afterward 
bought by F. S. Brown and F. Erickson, who commenced business July 7, 1887, 
under the firm name of F. S. Brown & Co. In 1896, the business was taken over 
by F. Erickson. The business has since been carried on under the name of 
F. Erickson Company. From the time of opening to the present time, something 
like twenty-six thousand, and sixty-six carloads of stone have been shipped from 
this property. 

In 1884, the state of Iowa abandoned its quarry on the Wapsipinicon and pur- 
chased one on the Buffalo River near Anamosa, which it still operates, and from 
which it has erected its own buildings, and supplied the state institutions. From 
1884 until the present time, some fifteen thousand carloads of stone have been 
shipped. 

In the spring of 1893, James Lawrence opened a quarry on the Buffalo River, 
adjoining the state quarry. He has shipped about six thousand carloads of stone. 

These are all the quarries opened for railroad transportation, and we find the 
total number of cars shipped to be about two hundred and twenty-three thousand, 
worth approximately four billion, four hundred and sixty-six million dollars, 
and still but a small part of the quarries have disappeared. It is safe to say that 
they will last for time immemorial, and that this is one of the richest spots in the 
state of Iowa. 

This stone has been shipped into eight states, namely: Iowa, Illinois, Wis- 
consin, Minnesota, Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas and Missouri. It is in the finest 
bridges and buildings in these states, namely: the Boston block, a seven story 
building, fifty by one hundred and twenty feet, all stone; Washburn building; 
Sidel building ; Congregational church ; Great Arch Double Track Viaduct across 



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STONE Q LARRY OF H. DEARBORN, STONE CITY 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 373 

the Mississippi River, below the Falls of St. Anthony all the above in Minne- 
apolis. Besides this there are in Iowa, the Sabula, Keethsburg and Ft. Madison 
Railroad bridges ; the Lyons, Clinton and Muscatine highway bridges, all spanning 
the Mississippi; in Wisconsin and Minnesota the Chicago and Great Western 
Railroad bridges on the entire line; and those of the Illinois Central Railroad in 
Iowa and northern Illinois. The entire system of the Chicago, Milwaukee and 
St. Paul Railway, the Chicago and Northwestern, the Chicago, Rock Island and 
Pacific, the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy, virtually all the railroads of the 
northwest have used this stone to their entire satisfaction. The Iowa Hospital 
for the Insane at Independence, is built of this stone, and it was used for the 
columns supporting the dome of the capitol at Des Moines. There are very few 
towns in Iowa that have not used this stone wherever stone was used, and it can 
safely be said that no more durable stone, except granite, exists. 



GREENFIELD TOWNSHIP. 

Greenfield township is located* in the southwest corner of Jones county, and 
is one of the most fertile and productive of all of the townships of the county. 
In the value of its lands it stands second, being exceeded in value only by Wayne 
township. In 1895, Greenfield stood at the head of the list in the value of its 
soil according to the township assessor's valuations. It is doubtful if any town- 
ship in the county has better crop prospects than Greenfield at this time (August, 
1909). 

The people are industrious and thrifty. The rural homes are silent monu- 
ments of the prosperity of jthe tillers of the soil. The people are largely Ameri- 
cans by birth, and are intelligent and hospitable. There are also some Germans 
who are good citizens and prosperous. 

The first settlement in the township was around Cherry Grove, in the south- 
east part. One of the lone sentinels to the early days of the township who is yet 
in touch with the affairs of earth is Ambrose Bowers. Though now eighty-five 
years of age, he has a clear memory of the early struggles of the pioneers. He 
became a part of the township in 1853. Though he was not the first settler in 
the township, what he knows about hauling wheat to Davenport overland with 
oxen, defending himself and his fellowmen against the horse thief and the coun- 
terfeiter as a member of the early vigilance committee, and other features of 
pioneer life, would fill a small book and be interesting reading. 

Other names which might be mentioned as being pioneers in this rich agri- 
cultural center are: Jonathan Porter, Gideon Peet, John Armstrong, Ira Breed, 
David Mann, Robert Murfield, Isaac Warren, Valentine Newman, A. Peet, A. S. 
Miller, John Baird, E. Peet, T. O. Bishop, Jonathan Raver, Amos Kohl, John 
Kohl, Michael McCann, R. D. Stephens, James Curtis, I. Curtis, Jonathan Goudy, 
Conrad Mohn, John Arnold and others. 

What is now the main line of the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad, 
crosses the northern part of the township. This road was built about 1872, and 
it is safe to say the township and the railroad are of mutual benefit. The town 



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374 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

of Martelle is located in the northwest corner of the township on the line of the 
railroad. 

The township has been well supplied with schools and churches. The United 
Brethren church in section 34, and the Evangelical church in section 22, aside 
from the churches in Martelle, have had an important bearing on the training 
of the younger generations in the paths of morality and rectitude. The district 
schools have been placed where they would be of the greatest advantage to the 
greatest number and the patrons in the several districts have taken pride in se- 
curing the best teachers. 

The early records of the township seem to have passed beyond the discovery 
of the present township officers. The earliest record to be found begins with the 
year 1876. 

ROSTER OF GREENFIELD TOWNSHIP OFFICERS. 

1876. Trustees — E. Newman, I. D. Warren, Henry Scott; clerk, J. W. Kirby ; 
road supervisors: No. i, Geo. Lamb; 2, Adelbert Peet; 3, Solomon Baer; 4, H. 
D. Keller; 5, Charles Armstrong; 6, John Pieper; 7, Eber G. Peet; 8, John 
Finnegan. 

1877. Trustees — S. R. McConaughy, C. E. Brady, E. G. Peet; clerk, J. W. 
Kirby ; assessor, E. V. Miller ; justices — E. V.' Miller, G. J. Hakes ; constables — 
D. M. Hubler, Jos. J. Newcomb. 

1878. Trustees — E. Newman, Henry Scott, Ira Breed; clerk, G. F. Keller; 
assessor, R. K. Soper ; collector, Frank Hoffman. 

1879. Trustees— R. K. Soper, Ira Breed, H. D. Keller; clerk, G. F. Keller; 
assessor, E. V. Miller; justices — G. J. Hakes, E. V. Miller; constables — ^Jos. 
Miller, Isaac Drayor : collector, Frank Hoffman. 

1880. Trustees— I. D. Warren, Ira Breed, H. D. Keller; clerk, Frank Hoff- 
man; assessor, J. W. Kirby; collector, A. T. McConaughy; road supervisors — 
District No. i, W. J. McCleary; 2, E. Newman; 3, S. Baer; 4, H. D. Keller; 5, 
G. J. Hakes; 6, John Pfeifer; 7, J. S. Murfield; 8, Thomas Davis. 

1881. Trustees— A. D. McConaughy, I. D. Warren, H. D. Keller; clerk, Se- 
ward J. Smith; assessor, E. G. Peet. 

1882. Trustees— H. D. Keller, I. D. Warren, A. D. McConaughy; clerk, S. 
J. Smith; assessor, E. G. Peet; collector, A. T. McConaughy. 

1883. Trustees— G. W. Meeks, H. D. Keller, A. D. McConaughy ; clerk, S. J. 
Smith; assessor, F. M. Miller; collector, A. T. McConaughy; justices — E. V. 
Miller, G. J. Hakes; constables — Jas. West, Eugene Pollard. 

1884. Trustees— A. D. McConaughy, G. W. Meeks, H. D. Keller; clerk, S. 
J. Smith; assessor, F. M. Miller; collector, J. W. Newman. 

1885. Trustees — ^J. H. Russell, A. D. McConaughy, G. W. Meeks; clerk, 
S. J. Smith; assessor, F. M, Miller; road supervisors — District No. i, N. G. Mer- 
shon; 2, E. Newman; 3, Sol Baer; 4, Jos. Miller; 5, C. R. Armstrong; 6, Henry 
Kohl ; 7, A. R. McConaughy ; 8, John Finnegan. 

1886. Trustees— E. G. Peet, J. H. Russell, A. D. McConaughy; clerk, S. J. 
Smith ; assessor, E. V. Miller ; constables — W. H. Miller. Geo. Pattee. 

1887. Trustees— C. W. Chapin, E. G. Peet, J. H. Russell; clerk, J. S. Hall; 
assessor, E. G. Peet; justices — E. E. Sawyer, G. J. Hakes. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 375 

1888. Trustees— A. W. Brokaw, C. W. Chapin, E. G. Peet; clerk, C. H. 
Ormsby; constable, J. R. Breed. 

1889. Trustees— H. F. Kohl, A. W. Brokaw, C. W. Chapin; clerk, A. H. 
Newman; assessor, C. D. Peck. 

1890. Trustees— J. H. Armstrong, H. F. Kohl, A. W. Brokaw ; clerk, A. H. 
Newman; road supervisors — i, G. W. Lamb; 2, E. Newman, 3, C. R. Armstrong; 
4, C. R. Colyer; 5, H. F. Kohl; 6, S. J. Smith; 7, A. C. Burroughs; 8, Henry 
Zimmerman ; 9, A. Bauer. 

1891. Trustees — D. H. Pieper, J. H. Armstrong, H. F. Kohl; clerk, A. H. 
Xewman ; assessor, C. D. Peck. 

1892. Trustees — H. F. Kohl, D. H. Pieper, J. H. Armstrong; clerk, A. H. 
Newman; assessor, C. D. Peck; constables, Joseph Miller, O. P. Miller. 

1893. Trustees— J. H. Armstrong, H. F. Kohl, D. H. Pieper; clerk, A. H. 
Xewman; assessor, C. D. Peck; justices — A. C. Burroughs, G. J. Hakes; con- 
stables — Jas. S. Terry, Alonzo Burroughs. 

1894. Trustees — D. H. Pieper, J. H. Armstrong, H. F. Kohl; clerk, A. H. 
Newman ; assessor, C D. Peck. 

1895. Trustees — ^John P. McPherson, D. H. Pieper, J. H. Armstrong; clerk, 
C. H. Ormsby; assessor, C. D. Peck; justices — ^J. M. Brokaw, W. M. Arnold; 
constables— O. P. Miller, R. H. Russell. 

1896. Trustees— D. H. Pieper, J. P. McPherson, J. P. Ellison; clerk, C. H. 
Ormsby. 

1897. Trustees — ^J. P. Ellison, J. P. McPherson, A. C. Burroughs; clerk, 
J. S. Armstrong. 

1898. Trustees — E. D. McCann, A. C. Burroughs, J. P. Ellison; clerk, J. S. 
Armstrong. 

1899. Trustees — ^J. P. Ellison, E. D. McCann, A. C. Burroughs ; clerk, J. S. 
Armstrong; assessor, Uriah Barr. 

1900. Trustees — R. S. Russell, J. P. Ellison, E. D. McCann; clerk, J. S, 
Armstrong; assessor, Uriah Barr; justices — C. E. Pollard, Philip Mohn; con- 
stables — ^J. E. Wood, Marion Hempy; road supervisors: i, A. D. McConaughy; 
2, C. W. Chapin ; 3, H. F. Kohl ; 4, John Thimmes. 

1901. Trustees — E. D. McCann, R. S. Russell, J. P. Ellison; clerk, H. S. 
McConaughy : assessor, Uriah Barr. 

1902. Trustees — E. D. Armstrong, E. D. McCann, R. S. Russell; clerk, H. S. 
McConaughy, assessor, Uriah Barr; constables — ^Thomas J. Kinney, Allen Siver. 

1903. Trustees — Emerson Shotwell, E. D. Armstrong, E. D. McCann; 
clerk, H. S. McConaughy; assessor, Uriah Barr. 

1904. Trustees — R. H. Russell, Emerson Shotwell, E. D. Armstrong; clerk, 
H. S. McConaughy ; assessor, U. Barr. 

1905. Trustees — Earl McConaughy, R. H. Russell, Emerson Shotwell; 
clerk, John Bodenhofer; assessor, Uriah Barr; justices — Chas. Pollard, C. H. 
Brown ; constables — W. C. Litzenberger, Ben Hempy. 

1906. Trustees — Emerson Shotwell, Earl McConaughy, R. H. Russell ; clerk, 
John Bodenhofer; assessor, Uriah Barr. 



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376 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

1907. Trustees — C. E. McConaughy, Louis Kohl, R. H. Russell; clerk, C. 
H. Brown; assessor, Uriah Barr; justices — C. E. Pollard, C. E. Miller; con- 
stables— J. R. Munn, J. W. Baer. 

1908. Trustees — ^Louis Kohl, Harry Peet, John Wurzbacher; clerk, C. H. 
Brown; assessor, Uriah Barr. 

1909. Trustees — Louis Kohl, John Wurzbacher, Harry Peet; clerk, C. H. 
Brown; assessor, Uriah Barr; justice, F. N. Rathbun. 

THE TOWN OF MARTELLE. 

The busy and enterprising town of Martelle is snugly located on the main line 
of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad, in the northwest comer of 
Greenfield township, and within a short distance of the Linn county line. The 
village began its historic existence in the fall of 1872 when the railroad was being 
built through the township. 

THE FIRST MERCHANT. 

The first store building erected in Martelle was the present store structure 
occupied by Frank Hoffman. This same merchant began to supply his customers 
with coffee, sugar and other necessaries of life at Christmas, 1872, and is yet in 
business at the same stand. It is needless to say that he has always given his 
numerous customers the full measure of satisfaction. His first stock of goods 
was brought into town before the trains began running regularly. Mr. Hoff- 
man is the oldest continuous merchant in the county. Thirty-seven years is a 
long period of time to stand behind the counter in the same place. This mer- 
chant is not yet an old man by any means, nor has he lost the art of serving 
his fellowmen in positions of trust and confidence. He has served as a member 
of the town council, and has been its treasurer since the village took on the robes 
of cityhood in 1899. He has also served in the same capacity in his school dis- 
trict for a number of years, as well as serving as a township officer a number 
of terms. He is a director in The Farmers Savings Bank. There can be no ques- 
tion about the citizenship or character of Mr. Hoffman. 

THE TOWN PLATTED. 

The town of Martelle was first platted in November, 1872. We are informed 
that C. W. Ormsby laid out the town, and that J. P. Ellison has long been known 
as **the father*' of the town. East Martelle was platted in November of the same 
year. Musson's Addition became a part of the village in December, 1873. In 
May, 1892, Ellison's Addition was platted. Hubbeirs Addition was platted in 
March, 1897, and Ormsby's Addition added to the territory of the town in August, 
1899. 

SOME EARLY MERCHANTS. 

Among the first merchants of Martelle were: Frank Hoffman, groceries and 
general merchandise ; Amos Merrill, general merchandise ; Jacob Newland. shoes : 
G. A. Bollis. blacksmith ; C. W. Ormsby, postmaster. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 377 

SOME EARLY SETTLERS. 

Among the first settlers in the community were: Robert Pieper, Billy Kohl, 
Danny Kohl, Dan Moore, Fred Staft, John Farley, Andrew Settle, Tom Mason, 
Samuel Ellison, Jas. Scott, E. V. Miller, Joe Miller, Peter Kane, Abe Miller, 
Joseph Curtis, Tom Hempy and others. 

MARTELLE INCORPORATED. 

Early in the year 1899, the city bee began buzzing merrily in and around the 
thrifty village of Martelle, and it was not long until relief was sought through 
the proper channel. The village had arrived at the point where its population was 
sufficient to justify the district court in granting the people of the village self- 
government, and the importance of the place as a business center would have 
justified this action several years previously. 

Since the date of the incorporation, the affairs of the town have been managed 
by the council elected by the people. The expenses have been kept down to the 
lowest limit consistent with good management and consequently the tax levy has 
been kept within reasonable bounds. There is no city indebtedness and no muni- 
cipal burden to worry the people. 

MARTELLE OFFICL\L ROSTER. 

1899 — Mayor : D. E. Williams ; clerk, C. H. Brown ; treasurer, Frank Hoffman ; 
street commissioner, A. H. Strother ; council : A. Bauer, J. W. Brown, R. P. Lacy, 
C. E. Pollard, C. M. Onstott, J. W. Newman. 

1900 — Mayor: C. E. Pollard ; clerk, C. H. Ormsby; treasurer, Frank Hoffman; 
council: T. J. Kinney, Frank Hoffman, A. Bauer, C. M. Onstott, R. P. Lacy, J. E. 
Wood. 

1901 — Mayor : C. E. Pollard ; clerk C. H. Ormsby ; treasurer, Frank Hoffman ; 
council: C. E. Garretson, T. J. Kinney, A. Bauer, C. M. Onstott, O. P. Miller, 
R. P. Lacy. 

1902 — Mayor: C. M. Onstott; clerk, C. H. Ormsby; treasurer, Frank Hoff- 
man; council: C. E. Pollard, C. E. Garretson, F. D. Curttright, R. P. Lacy, A. 
Bauer, T. J. Kinney. 

1903 — Mayor: F. D. Holcomb; clerk, C. H. Ormsby; treasurer, Frank Hoff- 
man; council: R. P. Lacy, C. E. Pollard, C. E. Garretson, J. W. Newman, J. A. 
Williams, F. D. Curttright. 

1904 — Mayor: F. D. Holcomb; clerk, C. H. Brown; treasurer, Frank Hoff- 
man; assessor, T. B. Smith; council: W. G. Brock, J. W. Brown, J. A. Williams, 
W. G. Kohl, C. E. Pollard, J. W. Newman. 

1905 — Mayor: F. D. Holcomb; clerk, C. H. Brown; treasurer, Frank Hoff- 
man; assessor, T. B. Smith; council: W. G. Kohl, S. Robbins, J. W. Newman, 
J. W. Brown, W. G. Brock, J. A. Williams. 

1906 — Mayor: C. E. Garretson; clerk, C. H. Brown; treasurer, Frank Hoff- 
man; assessor, J. F. Brown; council: Harry Holcomb, J. W. Newman. W. G. 
Kohl. W. G. Brock. S. Robbins, J. W. Brown. 



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378 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

1907 — Mayor : C. E. Garretson ; clerk, C. W. Brown ; treasurer, Frank Hoff- 
man ; assessor, J. F. Brown ; council : Wm. Brock, S. Robbins, J. W. Brown, Harry 
Holcomb, W. G. Kohl, J. W. Newman. 

1908 — Mayor: A. B. Caffee; clerk, C. H. Brown; treasurer, Frank Hoffman; 
assessor, J. F. Brown ; council : W. G. Kohl, E. C. McCann, J. W. Newman, Harry 
Holcomb, W. G. Brock, Samuel Ellison. 

1909 — Mayor : A. B. Caffee ; clerk, C. H. Brow n ; treasurer, Frank Hoffman ; 
assessor, J. F. Brown ; council : W. G. Kohl, W. G. Brock, J. W. Brown, O. P. 
Miller, J. W. Newman, Samuel Ellison ; marshal, A. B. Caffee, Jr. 

THE POSTOFFICE. 

The first person commissioned in Martelle to receive the mail and perform 
the duties of postmaster, was C. W. Ormsby. Mr. Ormsby received his commis- 
sion December 9, 1872. Mr. Ormsby's successor was E. E. Tathwell, June 27, 
1881. The next man to cancel the stamps officially was our pioneer merchant, 
Frank Hoffman, beginning September 2, 1885, and he was followed by C. H. 
Ormsby June 22, 1889. The complexion of the political checker-board again 
changed and we find Frank Hoffman once more placing the postmark on the 
out-going mail July 10, 1893. Following him, F. E. Ormsby, the grandson of 
the first postmaster, took up the reins of office December 9, 1897. Then came the 
present incumbent, A. H. Strother, June 28, 1902. The present postmaster has 
presided at the delivery window for lo, since the days when the present dominant 
political party began its long administration. Mr. Strother is giving all the people 
general satisfaction and he may well be called a popular Nasby. 

The rural mail route was established about seven years ago. C. S. Peet is 
the present messenger who goes out on the route daily delivering the mail to 
whomsoever has it to receive. 

THE CREAMERY. 

This dairy headquarters, though not located quite within the incorporated 
limits of the town of Martelle, is close enough to be considered a part of the in- 
dustry of the town. The creamery was built and established by a man named Hill. 
It is said that he solicited the funds for the founding of the plant from the farmers, 
asking them to subscribe a sum equal to one dollar for each cow in their herd. 
The creamery was later operated by a son of the founder who later sold out the 
business to John Newman and Eber Peet. Newman & Peet were succeeded by 
J. R. Moore & Co who later sold the business to James Sinclair. The present 
proprietor, S. C. Batchelder, purchased the creamery in 1898. The present out- 
put of the creamery is about three thousand, six hundred pounds of butter each 
week. A number of cream routes have been established, the churning being done 
at the creamery. The creamery is a profitable industry to the dairymen in the 
community. The proprietor believes in practicing the "square deal" and this has 
added to the popularity of the proprietor and the contentment of the patrons. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 379 

BANKING. 

The pioneer banker of Martelle is J. P. Ellison. He was also a merchant of 
the town, and conceived the idea that the business necessities of the merchants 
and the community demanded some medium of exchange in the money market. 

In 1901, Mr. Ellison established the Martelle Bank with Harry Holcomb be- 
hind the desk as cashier. This popular young man continued in this capacity until 
something over a year ago when Ed. C. Gotch became cashier. The bank has 
enjoyed a substantial patronage and has made an honest effort to meet the de- 
mands of the people. The Martelle Bank is a private institution of which J. P. 
Ellison is the president and proprietor. The bank has good backing and its affairs 
are in a healthy condition. 

The Farmer's Savings Bank is young in years and is strong for its age. Its 
record began December 12, 1908, with a capital stock of ten thousand dollars. 
There are thirty-five stockholders, all being farmers with but few exceptions. This 
institution with this number of substantial farmers as stockholders, was destined 
to meet with success from the start. The last published report to the state auditor 
shows over forty thousand dollars in deposits and total resources of fifty thou- 
sand dollars. This bank is a state institution and was chartered on the date above 
given. 

The directors are : Frank Hoffman, C. J. Murfield, Abner Lacock, A. J. Baird. 
S. C. Batchelder, J. E. Earner, A. R. Weaver. The officers: president, Frank 
Hoffman ; vice-president, C. J. Murfield ; cashier, C. H. Brown. 

The officers and directors are all local men who have long enjoyed a reputation 
for rugged honesty and business ability. The cashier has had experience in 
business and is a very pleasant man to meet. His popularity and ability has 
had much to do with the prosperity of the bank. 

THE SCHOOLS. 

The first record of the Martelle School so far as we found, began March 20, 
1876. The school was then called 'The Independent District of Martelle, of 
Greenfield Township." J. V. DeWitte, A. H. Musson and W. R. Leonard quali- 
fied as directors, W. R. Leonard being secretary and C. W. Ormsby being 
treasurer. 

The secretary's minutes, the record of April 3, 1876, states that out of the 
applicants for the summer school, the board decided to employ Miss Emma Ar- 
nold of Fairview at twenty dollars per month. The board further decided to rent 
Leonard's Hall for six months' school, three months' summer and three months' 
winter. The cost of providing seats for the hall for twenty-eight scholars was 
reported to be fourteen dollars. 

The minutes of the secretary show that Miss Nancy Hakes was employed to 
teach the summer and winter school of 1877 ^^ twenty dollars per month. 

In the minutes of February 25, 1878, we find this record : ''Moved and sec- 
onded that we recommend to the qualified electors of this school district at their 
next annual meeting, to authorize the board of directors of this district to issue 



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380 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

bonds to the amount of eight hundred dollars for the purchase of site and erection 
of a schoolhouse." 

The proposition carried and it was decided to erect a schoolhouse twenty-four 
by thirty-six feet on lot 2, block 3 of the original town. The lot was purchased 
for fifty dollars. 

The proceedings of the school board contain nothing of moment until March 
22, 1897, when the record states: "On motion the secretary was instructed to 
call a special meeting of the electors of the district April i, 1897, for the pur- 
pose of voting on the question of bonding the district for one thousand five hun- 
dred dollars to build a new schoolhouse." 

This proposition also carried. Lots number 11, 12, 13 of Rubbers First Ad- 
dition of Martelle, were purchased from C. M. Hubbel for two hundred dollars. 
The contract for the erection of the new school building was awarded O. P. Mil- 
ler for one thousand, one hundred and ninety-four dollars. A bell weighing three 
hundred and fifty pounds was purchased from Scott Brothers, of Anamosa, the 
purchase price given in the record being thirteen dollars and seventy-five cents. 

Those who have served the district as directors have been: — ^T. O. Bishop, 
John Pollock, J. V. DeWitte, A. H. Musson, W. R. Leonard, Ira Breed, R. G. 
Robinson. G. J. Hakes, William Breed, C. H. Ormsby, H. Williams, Frank HoflF- 
man, O. P. Miller, J. E. Barner, A. H. Strother, T. O. Moore, W. G. Kohl, James 
Sinclair, R. P. Lacy, S. V. Onstott, Philip Bobst, F. E. Port, A. Bauer, J. E. 
Wood, F. E. Ormsby, O. P. Miller, F. S. Myers, T. B. Smith, H. L. Peet, A. B. 
Caffee, W. G. Brock, F. W. Linebaugh. 

The present school board: — ^president, A. B. Caffee; secretary, J. W. Brown; 
treasurer, Frank Hoflfman ; F. S. Myers, W. G. Brock, Harry Peet, F. W. Line- 
baugh. 

The teachers as found from the record are: Emma Arnold, Nancy Hakes, 
Miss Craighead, George Baldin, E. S. Kenington, Miss E. P. Anderson, Ida Ful- 
lerton, Harry Porter, Etta Miller, May Miller, Stanter Johnson, Lillie Joseph, 
Miss Bixler, Miss Mead, Miss Chipman, Minnie Kyle, J. W. Bowman, Jennie 
Coleman, Elnora Yates, John Brokaw, Belle Courtney, Miss Andrews, C. C. 
Clark, Anna Connery, F. Cutler, Ida Bradd, E. S. Handley, Lulu Fish, J. M. 
Strauss, G. W. Carper, Miss Outland, Georgia Boxwell, William C. Cummings. 
F. b. Curttright, G. W. Johnston. Howard Young, Lena Wood, None Cavanaugh. 
Mattie Carson, Hattie Hibbin, Mae Phelps, Ida Lake. Miss None Cavanaugh 
has been principal during the past three years or more. The teachers for 1909 
are : J. T. Fackler, principal ; Miss Maud Dumont, primary. 

The course of study is sufficient to give the pupils a good working education. 
The academical branches, and such as are beyond the capacity of the school or 
the pupils, are given no place in the curriculum. The public schools are con- 
sidered to be in a good condition, and good work is being maintained. 

BUSINESS DIRECTORY, I9O9. 

Frank Hoffman, general merchandise; J. P. Ellison, general merchandise; C. 
E. Garretson, groceries; H. D. Miller, groceries; A. B. Caffee, meat market: 
Beers Brothers, restaurant; J. W. Brown, harness; A. R. Weaver, drugs and 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 381 

stationery ; W. G. Brock, farm implements ; F. W. Linebaugh, lumber and coal ; 
C. S. Peet, grain, coal and feed elevator ; Brockman Sisters, hotel ; O. P. Miller, 
carpenter; G. C. Newland, painter; A. H. Strother, postmaster; J. E. Tracy, de- 
pot agent ; J. F. Brown, insurance ; D. L. Steams, blacksmith ; John McDonald, 
livery and feed stable; J. G. Wienland, physician; S. C. Batchelder, creamery; 
Farmer's Savings Bank, cashier, C. H. Brown; The Martelle Bank, cashier, Ed. 
C. Gotch ; Christian church, pastor, Rev. W. L. Post ; Methodist Episcopal church, 
pastor. Rev. John Olson. 

FRATERNAL SOCIETIES. 

Knights of Pythias, White Rose Lodge, No. 279. This flourishing society 
of Martelle was chartered August 13, 1891, with the following charter members: 
C. R. Armstrong, C. H. Ormsby, O. A. McCall, I. J. McConaughy, Frank Hoff- 
man. A. E. Holcomb, James Sinclair, J. M. Brokaw, H. S. McConaughy, Ed 
Holcomb, J. H. Armstrong, F. M. Miller. This order now enjoys the society of 
seventy members and owns its own lodge rooms over the store of C. E. Garret- 
son. The present officers are : C. R. Armstrong, C. C. ; C. S. Peet, V. C ; Ray 
Hester, P. ; A. B. Caflfee, M. of F. ; Frank Hoffman, M. of E. ; V. J. Peet, K. of R. 
and S. 

Pythian Sisters, White Rose Temple, No. hi. This order of ladies was 
chartered August 10, 1899, with the following officers: Mrs. Dell Armstrong, 
chief ; Mrs. Jennie Ormsby, Senior C. ; Mrs. Mabel Brown, J. C. ; Mrs. Dora Mc- 
Conaughy, manager; Mrs. Winnie Williams, M. of R. and C. ; Mrs. Caroline 
Hoffman. M. of F. ; Miss Maud Armstrong, P. ; Miss Dosha Rundell, G. of O. T. ; 
Mrs. Cornelia Ormsby, P. C. The society numbers thirty-five members at pres- 
ent, the meetings being held in the Pythian Hall over C. E. Garretson's store. 
The present officers are: Mrs. H. F. Kohl, P. C. ; Mrs. W. G. Brock, C. ; Mrs. 
J. G. Weinland, Sr. ; Miss Edna Newman, Jr. ; Miss Rosebud Hoffman, manager; 
Mrs. C. R. Armstrong, M. of R. and C. ; Mrs. C. E. Garretson, M. of F. ; Mrs. 
F. S. Myers, P. ; Mrs. F. W. Linebaugh, G. of O. T. ; trustees— Mrs. J. E. Bar- 
ner, Mrs. Frank Hoffman. 

Modern TFoodmen of America, Camp No. 4158. This hustling insurance 
society was organized August 22, 1896, with the following officers: J. F. Brown, 
C. ; J. W. Brown, clerk ; T. O. Moore, banker ; F. W. Kinney, adv. ; O. E. Clem- 
ans. esc. ; A. J. Reed, wman. ; A. E. Mitchell, S. ; J. W. Brown, del. ; D. E. Wil- 
liams, physician; managers: C. H. Brown, E. C. Newland, A. A. Price. The 
Woodman lodge now number thirty-two members in good standing, with the fol- 
lowing officers: F. W. Linebaugh, C. ; J. W. Brown, clerk; S. C. Batchelder, 
banker; C. H. Brown, escort; J. English, adv., C. E. Garretson, S. ; W. J. Wal- 
lace, W. ; J. G. Weinland, physician ; managers : G. C. Newland, C. E. Garretson, 
J. F. Brown. 

Royal Neighbors of America, Victory Camp, No. 5858. This camp of la- 
dies came into existence just in time to get into history. The camp dates from 
July 16, 1909, with the following first officers and charter members: Mrs. Amelia 
Tracy, O. ; Mrs. Nina Hinds, V. O. ; Mrs. Louisa Newlands, P. O. : Mrs. Clara 
Myers, C. ; Miss Elzoe Brown, recorder; Miss Hazel Boxwell, receiver; Miss 



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382 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Florence Vernon, M.; Willis Brown, asst. M. ; Mrs. Mary Boxwell, I. S.; Miss 
Rosa Vernon, O. S. ; managers — Mrs. Emma Batchelder, Mrs. Emma Vernon, 
J. W. Brown, Mrs. Cora Dripps, J. F. Brown, C. M. Plummer, Miss Florence 
Kline, Mrs. Delia Kidwell, Mrs. Katie Eye, J. W. Brown, Mrs. Nettie Wallace, 
Mrs. Ava Brown, Mrs. Rozella English. 

THE CHURCHES. 

The Methodist Church. The church building of this religious society was 
erected in 1896. The organization however existed several years prior to this 
date, the services being held in what is now the Christian church. The church 
at present is in the Viola circuit. Very little could be learned of the early or- 
ganization of the class, or of its early struggles. The present officers of the 
church are: Rev. John Olson, pastor; class leader, J. W. Brown; trustees — ^A. H. 
Newman, C. H. Brown, J. W. Brown, E. D. Armstrong, B. J. Clark, Milo Lacock, 
C. E. Garretson. Stewards — A. H. Newman, J. W. Brown, E. D. Armstrong, 
Milo Lacock. Sunday school superintendent, Mrs. A. H. Newman; organist. 
Miss Elzoe Brown ; president Epworth League, Miss Rosebud Hoffman. 

The Christian Church. The present pastor of this church is Rev. W. L. 
Post. Regular services are held. A comfortable edifice on the south side of the 
village. was erected and remodeled several years ago. Our efforts to seaire a 
history of this organization was not successful. The organization is entitled to 
more than this passing reference. 



HALE TOWNSHIP. 
early settlement. 



The first settlement in Hale township was made south of the river. The lo- 
cality which is known by the colloquial name of "Nigger Point" but more properly 
called Pleasant Hill, was settled by Daniel Garrison and wife in 1838. There is 
a tradition that a character named "Nigger Dick" was the first settler of Hale 
township and that he built a shack a short distance east of Pleasant Hill church, 
but the best informed residents declare the name of Nigger originated from the 
fact that Daniel Garrison who settled in the neighborhood was a strong aboli- 
tionist. 

The first dwelling was built by Horace ^eeley in 1837, but never was occupied. 
In 1839 the house was rebuilt and Mr. Seeley with his family moved into it. 

Francis Sibbals settled on what is now called Sibbals Creek, July i, 1838. 
His nearest neighbor, Daniel Garrison, was four miles away. Mr. Sibbals at 
one time owned three hundred acres of land south of Pleasant Hill, and eighty 
acres west of Olin. 

In the fall of 1839, L. A. Simpson moved into Hale township. He afterwards 
became county surveyor. M. Q. Simpson settled about 1842. He became sheriff 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 383 

of Jones county in 1844. Benjamin Freeman and family made Hale township 
their home in 1854. 

The first death in the township was the wife of M. Q. Simpson. The funeral 
services were conducted by Elder Rathbum of Cedar county. The next sermon 
was preached by Wm. Farbs of Indiana. The first marriage in the township 
was in 1839. The name of the groom was James G. Blone, but the name of the 
bride was not learned. An effort was made to stop the marriage, but the birds 
had flown too swiftly and the knot was tied before interference arrived. 

From 1848 to 1856 M. Q. Simpson, W. S. Simpson, and Silas Garrison did 
some preaching in the private homes of the settlers. The first church built in the 
township was the Free Will Baptist church at Pleasant Hill in 1868, though the 
society was organized in 1855. The Diamond Methodist Episcopal church lo- 
cated about two miles south of Pleasant Hill was built the same summer. This 
church was moved away a number of years ago. The first school taught in the 
township was by Daniel Garrison and wife in 1848. The first schoolhouse built 
was called Union School and was located in Pennsylvania neighborhood in 1854. 
This neighborhood is about two miles east of Pleasant Hill. The first saw-mill 
was built and operated by Norman Seeley on the Wapsie about a mile west of 
the present Hale bridge in the year 1847. 

The settlement on the north side of the river was not made as early as on the 
south. Philip Lewis and William Cronkhite were the first and came about 1850. 
After them came Qement Lane, Robert Brown, William Vrooman, William 
Sweet, John Gorman, Robert Inglis, Burt Smith, John Fradenburg, George 
Thurston, Harvey Campbell, Clement Guthrie, William Walston, John Brigham, 
J. C. Austin, George Lewis, J. B. Mullett and others. 

THE TOWNSHIP ORGANIZED. 

Hale township was organized in July, 185 1, and was named after Hon. J. P. 
Hale at the suggestion of Mrs. Simeon W. Cole now residing in Olin. The first 
township election was held at the house of Joseph Bumgardner. The board of 
election consisted of L. A. Simpson, Joseph Bumgardner and Daniel Garrison. 
The first justices of the peace were Samuel Holden and Daniel Garrison. 

AN EARLY INDUSTRY. 

An industry of some importance was begun near Hale bridge in the latter part 
of the '60s or early '70s in the manufacture of lime. The site of the old lime 
kiln is yet seen on the road to the Hale bridge. Quite a few men obtained em- 
ployment during the flourishing days of the industry. 

THE BRIDGE. 

The first bridge across the Wapsie in Hale was built in the latter part of the 
'60s. The present substantial structure was built in 1879, and is yet in good con- 
dition. 



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384 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

THE VILLAGE OF HALE. 

The history of this little embryo city begins with the advent of the railroad 
about 1872. In that year J. C Austin & Chase opened the first store of the vil- 
lage. This was located east of the present store of S. W. Reyner. Prior to this 
store, J. C. Austin had a temporary store in a shack north of the depot. A man 
named Sharkey had the first blacksmith shop. George Lewis built the first resi- 
dence. This residence is now occupied by John Kruse. 

The story is told of a wag of an Irishman, Wm. Ross, who was a character 
generally admired in the early history of the village. He was section boss, but 
that hindered not in the flow of his wit, and the flow of his poetry. This ability 
to make rhymes was proverbial, and the sides of the grain elevator used to be cov- 
ered with his poetic effusions. In Mr. Austin's store was a placard reading. 
"Notary Public and County Conveyancer," which the inimitable Billy at once read 
before the crowd of evening traders, "Notorious Republican and County Sur- 
veyor." 

The oldest resident of the village is J. B. Mullett. Kind of heart, and cheerful 
of disposition, he is spending his days with all the comfort of his limited means. 

The Hale school building was erected about 1900 by the citizens of the village, 
and by them presented to the school district. 

THE POSTOFFICE. 

The postoffice in Hale was established February 28, 1872, and on that date 
Arthur O. Dickinson was commissioned to perform the duties of postmaster. 
On November 19th of the same year, Edmond F. Austin was appointed to this 
position which he held until April 30, 1877, when F. E. Husten was named in a 
commission from Washington, but on May 31st of the same year, another com- 
mission was issued with the name of Frank E. Austin written upon its face. 
This, however, did not suffice, and on November 9th, also of the same year, Rufus 
B. Chase became the postmaster by proper appointment. On February 28, 1879, 
George Lewis was found with the proper credentials as postmaster. And on 
November 7th of this same year, F. M. DeLarme succeeded to the office. Jere- 
miah C. Austin was appointed to the office January 12, 1880, and he was succeeded 
by Mrs. Hathaway January 5, 1883, and on the 8th of the next month. Burton 
A. Demoney became the man who signed the money orders. The office had been 
named Hale Village, in its beginning, but in the spring of this year the name was 
changed to Hale, and upon the change being made Mr. Demoney was reappointed 
to the office June 20, 1883. W. J. Mills was appointed postmaster July 28, 1886, 
and things being now apparently settled, he continued in the office for nearly 
nine years, when on May i, 1895, Joseph Bluthe was appointed. The commission 
to Charles E. Walston as postmaster was dated April 17, 1899, and for nearly 
ten years, Mr. Walston was the obliging Nasby of the village. In the transfer 
of business interests, rather than in any political upheaval, Mr. Walston asked 
to be released from these confining duties, and on March 25, 1909, Samuel W. 
Reyner took up the reins of office under Uncle Sam, and is now performing the 
duties of the office with all the dignity and obliging manner of an old hand at 
the business. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 385 

HALE CHURCH. 

The Hale church was built in 1874, and while it was the intention that it 
should be a Union church, the Methodist Society have had general control of the 
building. The building was erected under the ministerial supervision of Rev. 
Jenkins, and was dedicated by Elder Paxton. The records of the organization of 
the Methodist Episcopal church have been mislaid, and for this reason the record 
cannot be given complete. Among the first members were Mrs. John Campbell, 
Mrs. Geo. Taylor, W. N. Walston and wife, Mr. and Mrs. Berwell, C. E. Walston 
and Lizzie Walston. 

During all of the thirty-five years of its existence, the church organization has 
been maintained. During its existence it has had its Epworth League and its 
Junior League, and its Temperance League organizations. It has had a live mem- 
bership. The attendance has been good, and the song services have been a source 
of religious enjoyment. 

In the early history of the church, it was in the Oxford circuit but several 
years ago, it was transferred to the Olin charge, and the Methodist Episcopal 
minister at Olin now ministers to the spiritual wants of the Hale charge. The 
class leaders of the church have been John Deming and Wm. Giddings. E. L. 
Barber was financial steward for a number of years. 

The present'trustees of the church are: C. O. Woodard, Albert Switzer, C. W. 
losty ; C. E. Walston is financial steward. The Sunday school is well maintained 
with the following officers: superintendent, John Inglis; secretary and organist, 
Miss Bertha Woodard; librarian, Miss Margaret Inglis. Robert Inglis, who is 
yet an attendant, but enfeebled with age, was the Bible-class teacher almost since 
the organization of the church. Although a Presbyterian, he and his entire family 
have been liberal supporters of the church and Sunday-school, both in attendance, 
personal work and financial assistance. 

The Hale church has wielded a wide influence in the maintenance and devel- 
opment of a high standard of morality in the community, and around it will 
cluster many precious memories of the days past and gone. 

HALE BUSINESS ROSTER, I909. 

Present business roster of Hale Village : S. W. Reyner, general merchandise, 
postmaster ; John Schledetsky. hardware, agricultural implements, lumber ; F. W. 
Rummel, barber shop and pool room ; Sam Conley, blacksmith ; Mrs. Sam Con- 
ley, restaurant; Frank Herlitzka, shoemaker; Henry Kruse, live stock, grain, 
insurance ; J. B. Mullett, broom maker ; Ray Knight, depot agent. 

VILLAGE PLATTED. 

The village of Hale was platted by J. C. Austin, in April, 1876, and included 
blocks I, 2, 3 and 4, located south and west of the present location of the Hale 
postoffice. Preston's Addition to Hale was platted August 30, 1898, by C. A. 



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C86 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Preston, C. E. Walston, D. C. Merritt and J. J. Merritt and others, and in- 
cluded the land north and west of the present postoffice comer. 

THE CREAMERY. 

The Hale Creamery, for a number of years was one of the most prosperous 
industries in the township. It was built about the year 1894 by a stock company 
promoted by W. J. Mills and C. E. Walston. This stock company operated the 
creamery with good success for about four years when it was then sold to a Coop- 
erative Company. Two years of experience was sufficient for the new owners, 
and it was then resold, and after some minor changes in ownership, the creamery 
became the sole property of Walston & Merritt, C. E. Walston, W. J. Mills and 
A. G. Alden. The business was continued, almost without interruption, and was 
finally destroyed by fire on the morning of July 4, 1907. There was no in- 
surance. Though the creamery was a profitable institution, it was not rebuilt. 

HALE LODGES. 

Hale Camp, No. 4083, of the Modern Woodmen of America, was organized 
at Hale, July 27, 1896, with the following charter members: W. J. Mills, C. E. 
Walston, F. D. Cruise, P. L. Markey, J. F. Her, Fritz Kruse, J. W. Wooder, A. 
E. Mullett, George Briggs, W. H. Brownell, C. J. Miner, William Martin, E. 
Horton, C. W. Huston, M. E. Wooder, H. A. Mills, B. F. Curley, H. E. Coon, 
O. E. Thornton, G. W. Schledetsky, D. L. Smith, John Burch. The officers were: 
C. E. Walston, C. ; P. L. Markey, adv. ; W. J. Mills, clerk ; F. D. Cruise, banker ; 
J. F. Her, esc; C. W. Huston, W.; H. A. Mills, S.; Dr. J. W. Kirkpatrick, 
physician; F Kruse, delegate. Managers — E. Horton, O. E. Thornton, J. W. 
Wooder. There are sixty-seven members at present with the following officers : 
Michael Souhrada, C. ; Freeman Mason, clerk; C. E. Walston, banker; M. E. 
Wooder, adv. 

Wapsie Camp, No. 1488, Royal Neighbors of America was instituted at 
Hale, April 5, 1899, with forty-eight charter members as follows: Mrs. Fannie 
Clay, oracle ; Mrs. Mary Horton, V. O. ; Mrs. Anna Her, rec. ; Mrs. Minnie Cruise, 
receiver; Mrs. Lizzie B. Giddings, chan. ; Mrs. Clara B. Freeman, marshal; Mrs. 
Mary Martin, O. S. ; Mrs. Kate Kruse, I. S. ; Frank W. Port, physician; 
J. W. Wooder, N. L. Sweet, Anna Henak, Nora Mills, Addie Starry, Clara 
Shankland, Minnie L. Anderson, Sadie Patton, Nellie Mills, Mary E. Walston, 
C. E. Walston, F. A. Byerly, Carrie Biggart, Nina Byerly, Viola Brownell, E. C. 
Freeman, C. C. Wood, J. W. Patton, D. E. Vrooman, Wm. Martin, W. H. Brow- 
nell, Ora Thornton, Louie M. Wood, Maggie Mullett, F. W. Stange, Ida Shu- 
maker, A. Shumaker, Wm. Henak, H. A. Mills, Cora Wooder, Ollie M. Blah- 
ney, J. F. Her, Frank J. Miner, L K. Shankland,. E. Horton, Fred Cruise, Bert 
Clay, Melton Tubbs, Cora Tubbs. There are thirty-six members in this camp 
at the present time. Regular meetings are held, and the camp is in a prosperous 
condition. The following are the officers for 1909: Mrs. Kate Kruse, oracle; 
Mrs. Emma Warner, vice oracle; Miss Elva Conley, recorder; Mrs. Charles 
Woodard, receiver; Mrs. S. M. Conley, chancellor. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 387 

PLEASANT HILL CHURCH. 

One of the first settlements in Hale township was in the beautiful grove 
known to the first settlers as **Nigger Point" later changed to the name of 
Pleasant Hill, the name by which it is known at the present time. Daniel Gar- 
rison was the first white settler, coming from the state of Indiana in June, 1838. 
Soon after others were attracted by the beautiful grove, among them was the 
Simeon Cole family who settled in the grove in the early spring of 1850. 

Mr. Cole was a devout man, and as the settlement grew, conceived the idea 
of organizing a church. Accordingly a meeting was called in the early fall of 
1855. The meeting was held in Simeon Cole's log house. Elder Reeves, of Tip- 
ton, preaching the sermon. At this meeting the first church society in Hale town- 
ship was organized, the church now known as the Pleasant Hill Free Will Bap- 
tist church. There were nine united with the church at this meeting, including 
Simeon Cole, Senior, and wife, Henry Cole and wife, John Cole and wife and 
M. N. Phillips and wife, the names of the other members not being definitely 
known. Meetings were held regularly thereafter in Simeon Cole's house, except- 
ing when the weather would permit them being held in the grove near the house, 
until the schoolhouse was built in 1865, when the meetings were held therein. 
The schoolhouse soon became inadequate to hold the pioneers of this rapidly 
growing colony, and the people began to talk of building a church. The needs 
of a church building became so apparent that a meeting was held on the 3d day 
of February, 1868, to consider the matter. The meeting was largely attended, 
and it was unanimously decided to build a new church. 

About this time Rev. O. E. Aldrich, of Wyoming, became the pastor, and to 
him was delegated the authority to draw up the incorporation papers, which he 
proceeded to do. They were submitted to Squire Roger, Rome, for an opinion. 
Mr. Rogers pronounced them all right, and they were adopted. Henry Cole, 
Jackson Simmons and Jesse Finch were elected as the first board of trustees, 
M. N. Phillips was the first clerk. 

The members went to work at once to get the material for the new church 
on the ground. Henry Cole donated the rock for the foundation, which was 
hauled from the quarry without expense. The contract was let to H. Rummel 
and Jacob Harbaugh, for five hundred and fifteen dollars, and seven teams went 
to Muscatine for the finishing lumber. The work of building the new church 
was commenced in the early spring of 1869, and the early fall found the build- 
ing completed and ready for use. The building was thirty by forty feet, with a 
high cupola, surmounted with a dome and ball of tin, gilded with gold. The build- 
ing stands on the highest point of land in that community, and can be seen for 
miles in almost every direction. The building is located neai the southeast 
comer of section 21 of Hale township. 

Shortly after the completion of the new building Rev. O. E. Aldrich held the 
greatest revival ever known in the county at that time. Sixty- four were converted, 
and with but few exceptions all were baptized and became influential members 
of the church. Under the pastorate of Rev. Aldrich, who was one of the best 
known pioneer preachers, the church continued to grow stronger, and in the 
early seventies was the strongest church in eastern Iowa. 



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388 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Among the early members of the church were Simeon Cole and wife, Henry 
Cole and wife, John Cole and wife, Fred Cole and wife, S. W. Cole and wife, 
George Phillips and wife, Mrs. Nelson Garrison, William Buckley and wife, 
B. H. Scriven and wife, D. A. Clay and wife, Jesse Finch and wife, Aaron Gear- 
hart and wife, H. P. Chatterton and wife, I. B. Southwick and wife, Jackson 
Simmons and wife, Joseph Bleasdell and wife, and B. A. Smith and wife. 

The church continued to prosper under the pastorate of O. E. Aldrich until 
the latter part of the seventies, when a man by the name of Rathbun, claiming 
to be a minister of the gospel came into the community, exposing secret societies, 
and more especially Masonry, causing a division of the church, finally resulting 
in the matter of the control of the church being taken to court. After this, for 
a number of years, Elder Curtis w^as pastor of the church, but the church never 
fully recovered from the division. 

Among the former pastors have been: Revs. O. E. Aldrich, D. C. Curtis, 
Maxon, Blackmar, S. Sumerland, Tompson, B. F. Butterfield, R. R. Whittaker, 
Sanders, Frank Piersol, E. H. Turner, and the present pastor, Frank Piersol. 

The present officers of the church are: clerk, Mrs. Mae L. Chatterton; or- 
ganist, Mrs. Nettie Click; librarian, Frank L. Phillips; treasurer, Milo G. Phil- 
lips; deacons — Geo. A. Phillips, Cyrus H. Smith, Hosea Ballou, Geo. R. Qay; 
trustees — G. A. Phillips, Hosea Ballou, D. A. Clay, George JR.. Clay; Women's 
Home Missionary Society — president, Mrs. Mae Chatterton; secretary and 
treasurer, Mrs. Nettie Click; Sunday-school superintendent. Rev. F. Piersol. 

Regular preaching services are held, and the society maintains its organization. 

OFFICIAL ROSTER HALE TOWNSHIP. 

It is unfortunate that the records of Hale township cannot be found. It is 
possible that when some of the useless documents of the township were being 
destroyed, the clerk's records were included. The earliest record found, is a 
recent one beginning in 1902. 

1902 — Trustees: John Inglis, Elwood Kirkpatrick, H. P. Chatterton; clerk, 
Emmons Horton; assessor, A. Schumaker. 

1903 — Trustees: Elwood Kirkpatrick, H. P. Chatterton, John Inglis; as- 
sessor, A. Schumaker; clerk, Emmons Horton. 

1904 — Trustees: Jesse Ballou, John Inglis, Elwood Kirkpatrick; clerk, Henry 
Kruse. 

1905 — Trustees: Elwood Kirkpatrick, Jesse Ballou, John Inglis; clerk, 
Henry Kruse. 

1906 — Trustees : John Inglis, Jesse Ballou, Elwood Kirkpatrick, clerk, Henry 
Kruse. 

1907 — Trustees: Hans Rohwedder, Elwood Kirkpatrick, John Inglis; clerk, 
Henry Kruse. 

1908 — Trustees: Elwood Kirkpatrick, John Inglis, Jesse Ballou; clerk, Henry 
Kruse. 

1909 — Trustees: John Inglis, Jesse Ballou, Elwood Kirkpatrick; clerk, Henry 
Kruse; assessor, Hans Freeman; justice, C. E. Walston. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 389 

JACKSON TOWNSHIP. 

GENERAL CONDITIONS. 

Jackson township was among the later townships to become the abode of the 
white man in the county. The earliest settlement was in the southern part along 
the timber lands on the Wapsipinicon River. As was usual with the earliest set- 
tlers, the broad prairies did not have the attractiveness they now possess. The 
timber sections possessed the necessary element of shelter from the cruel, merci- 
less winds of winter, as well as providing fuel near at hand, and timber from 
which to split rails for fencing. It was here the hard labor of clearing a small 
field of timber and stumps took place for the cultivation of the soil and the rais- 
ing of com and wheat. The early buildings were log cabins hewn from the timber 
logs, the crevices plastered with clay, with perhaps one small window left for 
light. But the latch string was always out. The older residents even yet tell of 
the hospitality of the time. Every stranger was welcome to the same accommoda- 
tions as the rest of the family, and frequently the stranger would remain a week 
or more at a time, without money and without price. This was the unconventional 
and general custom of pioneer and frontier life. Jackson township upheld her 
reputation in a remarkable degree. The large Byerly families, the Hays families, 
the Monroe families and others whose posterity yet inhabit the land, and are 
numbered among the upright, hospitable and broad minded citizens of the county, 
are deserving of praise and honor for the part they have taken in the educational, 
religious and agricultural development of the township. 

THE FIRST SCHOOL. 

The first school in the township was taught by Andrew Byerly, son of Francis 
Byerly who settled in the township in 1846. The primitive school building was 
a slab shanty joining Adam Overacker's house at Newport in 1850. Later a log 
schoolhouse was built but this burned, and then a frame building was erected as 
the educational center of the neighborhood. 

THE FIRST SETTLEMENT. 

The first settlement in the township was around where Newport was later lo- 
cated. James Sherman and Adam Overacker are said to have been the first settlers 
about 1839. Overacker settled in the Newport region, while Sherman located in 
the eastern part, and in the early history of the township was a justice of the 
peace. David German was also an early settler in the eastern part. Levi Cronk- 
hite, David Myers and Anthony Overacker settled near Newport. 

A PIONEER FAMILY. 

In 1846 Francis Byerly with his wife and six sons and two daughters, made 
Jackson their home. The sons were Michael, Jacob, Andrew, John, William, and 
Adam, all of whom have passed to their reward except Adam who now lives in 



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390 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Minneapolis, Minnesota. Michael Byerly's sons, Milton, John W. and William M. 
are now numbered among the prominent citizens and residents of Jackson town- 
ship. John W. Byerly is the oldest continuous resident in the township, now 
living. He has the record of never having missed an election ever held in the 
township, although he was not a voter during the first years when he attended the 
elections. John W. Byerly and his brother, Hon. Wm. M. Byerly are the only 
residents in the township who have made this garden spot their home contin- 
uously since the territorial days of the state. 

OTHER EARLY SETTLERS. 

Others of the early settlers were: Samuel Spear, 1845; David Myers, 1845; 
Wm. Jeffries, 1849; Daniel Slife, 1849; S. M. Johnson, 1854; Isaac Hay, 1848; 
David Tallman, 185 1 ; Hassan Monroe, 1855; Barnard and Anthony Waggoner, 
1853; Oliver Potts, 1849; Jas. and Edward Strawman, 1851 ; David, Joseph and 
John Emmett, 1856; Kramer family, 1864; Reuben Hay, 1848; James and Edward 
Stevenson, 185 1 ; John Brown, Wm. Alspaugh, Joseph Apt, Chas. Brown, L. B. 
Smith, Houseman family, Jos. and Chas. Beam, Orville Cronkhite, Valentine 
Slife, Reuben Bunce, Brickley, Tarbox, Benadom and Stivers families, W. C. 
Monroe, Harve Monroe, Hollingsworth family. 

The population grew and increased rapidly. Jackson township had a larger 
population in 1865 than it has in 1909. The people are prosperous and enjoy com- 
fortable homes. 

VILLAGE OF NEWPORT. 

Two villages have struggled for an existence in Jackson township, and both 
efforts were without avail. The first village was Newport and this early settlement 
was dignified and distinguished by being selected as the county seat. This was in 
1846. In a county seat contest with Dale's Ford, Newport was victorious, al- 
though it was said that not over a dozen votes altogether were cast at the election. 

LOCATION OF VILLAGE. 

The ground on which this county seat was located was donated by Adam Over- 
acker, and was a ten-acre tract described as lot 2, section 33, township 84, range 
3 west. Here the town was duly platted in July, 1846, by G. G. Banghart, Adam 
Kramer, and Adam Overacker. At the sale of the lots the same month, twenty- 
eight were sold at an average of less than eleven dollars per lot, the highest price 
paid was twenty-six dollars. The residence of Adam Overacker was the county 
seat and official headquarters, one room having been rented by the commissioners 
for county purposes. Some logs had been prepared for the erection of a log court- 
house, but nothing further was done. When Judge Wilson came from Dubuque 
to Newport to hold court, he found one log shanty, amid tall trees and waving 
grass. He passed on. No term of court was ever held at this historic spot. The 
county seat was changed to Lexington, now Anamosa, the next year. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 391 

THE NEWPORT MILLS. 

The Newport Mills were erected in 1866 by Cooper and HoUingsworth. This 
soon became a prosperous business center. Corn and wheat were ground. The 
mill changed hands frequently. Henry High, the present proprietor, has operated 
the mill for the past twenty years or more. One of the substantial iron bridges 
spans the Wapsie at this point. There was never any postoffice at Newport, so 
far as can be found of record. 

VILLAGE OF ISBELL. 

The village of Isbell was located at the intersection of sections 13 and 14, and 
23 and 24, the land we understand is now owned by Frank Ireland. There were a 
house or two and a store. A postoffice was established September i, 1857, wilii 
James Hays as postmaster. On June nth of the following year, Albert N. Deni- 
son represented Uncle Sam in the postoffice. He was followed by Chester H. 
Johnson, December 21, i860, and on October 4, 1861, Ezra M. Denison was 
commissioned to take charge of the mail. No further change was made until 
April 5, 1865, when Mrs. Almira Luce was appointed. Feburary 27, 1866, 
Daniel M. Matteson became postmaster. The Isbell postoffice was discontinued 
January 29, 1867. With the discontinuance of the postoffice, the hopes of the 
young village to become a prosperous town, fled, and the record of the village is 
all that is left to tell the story of its existence. 

AN EARLY MILL. 

The gurgling waters of the Wapsie was the power which operated another 
mill in Jackson in an early day. Tom Goudy had established a mill on the Wapsie 
south of where J. W. Byerly now lives. This mill changed hands frequently. 
Foust, Stamburgh and Reynard were successive proprietors. During a flood 
about i860, the dam was washed away and the mill was then abandoned. 

CEMETERIES. 

The first cemetery in the township was laid out south of the Newport school- 
house in 1846. During the early history of the township, this was the leading 
burying ground. Very few burials are now made on this God's acre. The An- 
tioch burial ground was laid out in the early '60s. The first burial in this hal- 
lowed ground was Mrs. Fred Ambrose in October, 1866. 

A LATE SPRING. 

Some long and severe winters are recorded in the memory of the early in- 
habitants of Jackson township. On April 10, 1842, logs were hauled down the 
Wapsie on ice by oxen. Snow fell October 20, 1846, and remained until the lat- 
ter part of the March following. During either 1863 or 1864 there was frost 
every month of the year. 



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392 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Michael Byerly was the first of the early settlers to break away from the 
timber settlement and locate on the prairie land. The story is told of him, and 
also illustrating some of the difficulties of the pioneer life, that the fire in his 
hearth had gone out, and being without matches, he was obliged to go to his 
nearest neighbor a few miles distant to secure some live coals. In the meantime 
his wife, who was an adept in such emergencies, had placed some powder in a 
skillet, put in a piece of tow, struck the powder with a steel file, made a fire and 
had breakfast ready when her husband returned. 

There have been creameries in Jackson township, but there are none at the 
present time. The evolution of the dairy industry is felt in this township as well 
as elsewhere, and cream routes are now established and the cream is gathered 
from every part of the township. 

THE ANTIOCH CHURCH. 

The Antioch church, located northwest of the central p^rt of the township, 
is the oldest church in the neighborhood. It is a neat brick edifice, and has had 
its influence in establishing and maintaining the high standard of morality in the 
township. The church was erected by the Christian denomination in the winter 
of 1864-5. R^v. J. H. Johnson was the minister in charge when the building was 
started. Rev. Nathan Potter was the officiating minister at the completion and 
dedication of the building. Rev. W. C. Smith was later the minister who looked 
after the spiritual wants of the church. The Christian denomination has held no 
regular services in the church for several years. Rev. Beaver of the Congrega- 
tional church at Anamosa now preaches every second Sunday. Lem Streeter 
and Mrs. Mary Waggoner are the present trustees of the Christian denomination. 

RIVERSIDE UNITED BRETHREN CHURCH. 

This is possibly the youngest religious organization in the county. This neat 
little country church is located in a beautiful oak grove on the north bank of the 
Wapsie river, in Jackson township, about five miles north of Olin, and its ex- 
istence is a part of the fruits and labors of Rev. E. Ackley, a former pastor of the 
United Brethren church of Olin. 

In the fall of 1908, F. M. Glenn and Raleigh Houstman, farmers in that 
vicinity, invited Rev. Ackley to organize a Sunday school in the Pleasant Hill 
schoolhouse, and also to preach every alternate Sunday. Rev. Mr. Ackley seeing 
the needs of this community which was apparently ripe for religious effort, 
complied with the request, and as a result a large Sunday school was soon a 
fixture in the community. 

Mr. Ackley began revival meetings in the schoolhouse about December i, 
1908, and at once the dormant spirit of religious activity was aroused, and a 
commendable interest was taken in the meetings. About thirty-five were re- 
claimed and received a new vision of the higher mission of life. A class was 
organized, and by act of the quarterly conference at Olin in February, 1909, this 
charge was made a part of the Olin circuit. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 393 

At once a movement was started to build a church edifice, and during the 
early spring of 1909, the sum of eight hundred dollars in subscription was se- 
cured for this purpose. The work of construction was begun as soon as spring 
opened, and at the time of the annual conference, March 17th, the building was 
well under way. 

Rev. D. C. Violet succeeded to the pastorate of this church in May, 1909, 
and took up with cntlmsiasm the work that had been so w ell begun. The build- 
ing was completed and on June 27, 1909, the edifice was dedicated by Rev. I. A. 
Holbrook, superintendent of Iowa conference. 

The supporters of this church are a worthy people, and have given largely 
and liberally of their means for its erection and maintenance. The furniture 
for this little church and beautiful shady nook on which it stands, was the gift 
of Joseph Glenn and wife of Olin. J. M. Glenn, F. M. Glenn, Jed Brickley, Frank 
Porter, Thomas Crane and others have likewise contributed cheerfully and 
liberally. 

Mrs. F. M. Glenn is superintendent of the Sunday school, and is doing a good 
work in that capacity. The school is well attended. The new church organization 
promises to be a strong and permanent company of Christian workers. 

The trustees of Riverside United Brethren church are: president, Joseph 
Glenn; secretary, D. D. Byers; treasurer, F. M. Glenn; J. H. Brickley, and Frank 
Porter. 

OFFICIAL ROSTER, JACKSON TOWNSHIP. 

The early records of Jackson township cannot be found. The earliest record 
begins with the year 1870, and this is incomplete, the minutes being very meager 
and rather disconnected. So far as the clerk's minutes are concerned, there has 
never been an election of officers in Jackson township. 

1870 — Clerk, D. B. Bills ; road supervisors : A. Hayden, H. Kramer, J. Stivers, 
H. H. Monroe, Wm. Byers, E. M. Denison, A. Waggoner, J. W. Meek. 

187 1 — Qerk, A. W. Hay; supervisors: A. Hayden, Wm. Alspaugh, Robert 
Nunn, D. B. Bills, John Blahney, E. M. Denison, Anthony Waggoner, J. W. Meek, 
L. B. Smith, M. Neville, Jacob Weiss. 

1872 — Trustees: Isaac Hay, M. Neville, V. Slife; clerk, A. W. Hay. 

1873 — Trustees: Michael Neville, Isaac Hay, Valentine Slife; clerk, A. W. 
Hay; supervisors: D. W. Grafft, Isaac Hay, Jas. Stivers, Matthew Porter, John 
Blahney, J. N. Merrill, Jacob Waggoner, J. M. Streeter, L. B. Smith, M. Neville, 
John Bennett. 

1874 — Trustees : Anthony Waggoner, Jas. Stivers, Nathan Potter ; clerk, J. A. 
Tarbox ; justice, A. W. Hay. 

1875 — ^Trustees: Geo. Stivers, Anthony Waggoner, S. D. Hale; clerk, Milton 
Byerly ; assessor, Jas. Stivers ; supervisors : Wm. Hollingsworth, Isaac Hay, Philip 
McNally, S. D. Hale, John Blahney, I. H. Meek, Anthony Waggoner, J. W. Brick- 
ley, Edward Smith, M. Neville, John Bradley. 

1876 — ^Trustees: Geo. Stivers, Anthony Waggoner, S. D. Hale; clerk, Milton 
Byerly ; assessor, Jas. Stivers. 

1877 — ^Trustees: Manville Tarbox, A. Waggoner, S. D. Hale; clerk, Nathan 
Potter; assessor, M. D. Corcoran. 



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394 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

1878— Trustees: J. W. Brickley, M. Neville, Manville Tarbox; clerk, W. A. 
Hay ; assessor, Milton Byerly. 

1879 — Trustees: M. Neville, J. A. Hopkins, Wm. Strickell; clerk, W. A. Hay; 
assessor, Milton Byerly. 

1880 — Trustees: Matthew Porter, J. A. Hopkins, M. Neville; clerk, Geo. W.^ 
Byerly; assessor, Milton Byerly; constables: Jas. Benadom, R. W. Johnson; su- 
pervisors: Wm. Byerly, J. I. Hay, Jas. Stivers, M. C. Porter. D. W. Grafft, Walter 
James, O. Drinville, R. W. Johnson, Emory Mowery, M. Neville, Jas. Bradley, 
L. E. Brownell, John Ford. 

1881 — Tnistees: M. Neville, J. A. Hopkins, M. Porter; clerk, Jas. W. Beam; 
assessor, Milton Byerly; justice, S. D. Hale; constables: J. W. Brickley, Jas. 
Benadom. 

1882 — Trustees: M. Neville, J. B. Johnson, M. Porffer; clerk, J. W. Beam; 
assessor, Milton Byerly; justice, D. B. Bills; constable, Allison Hopkins. 

1883 — Trustees: J. W. Meek, M. Neville, J. B. Johnson; clerk, J. W. Beam; 
assessor, J. A. Hopkins. 

1884 — Trustees: J. B. Johnson, Matthew Porter, M. Neville; clerk, J. W. 
Beam ; assessor, J. A. Hopkins. 

1885 — Trustees: John Blahney, M. Neville, Nathan Potter; clerk, A. D. Cor- 
coran; assessor, Wm. M. Byerly; supervisors: J. S. Benadom, Isaac Hay, M. 
Tarbox, Nathan Potter, Geo. Blahney, F. P. Ireland, Milton Byerly, J. M. 
Streeter, John E. Snyder, M. Neville, Thos. Flaherty, Jos. Baldwin. 

1886 — Trustees: A. W. Hay, John Blahney, J. I. Hay; clerk, A. D. Corcoran; 
assessor, Wm. M. Byerly. 

1887 — ^Trustees: Milton Byerly, John Blahney, A. W. Hay; clerk, A. D. Cor- 
coran; assessor, Wm. M. Byerly. 

1888— Trustees: T. O. Hines, John Blahney, A. W. Hay; clerk, A. D. Cor- 
coran ; assessor, W. M. Byerly. 

1889— Trustees: M. C. Porter, T. O. Hines, John Blahney ; clerk, W Hopkins; 
assessor, Wm. M. Byerly. 

1890— Trustees : S. P. Slife, M. C. Porter, T. O. Hines; clerk, A. W. Hopkins; 
assessor, W. M. Byerly; supervisors: J. W. Byerly, Adam Kramer, M. Tarbox, 
Jas. Carter, G. W. Blahney, Isaac Merrill, J. W. Hines, J. W. Brickley, D. M. 
Strawman, J. W. Beam, Thos. Flaherty, Lewis Leek. 

1891 — Trustees: John Morrisey, S. P. Slife, M. C. Porter; clerk, G. W. John- 
son ; assessor, A. D. Corcoran. 

1892 — Trustees: S. P. Slife, John Morrisey, D. L. Beam; clerk, Geo. W. 
Johnson ; assessor, A. D. Corcoran. 

1893 — ^Trustees: J. L. Streeter, John Morrisey, C. C. Hopkins; clerk, Geo. 
W. Johnson ; assessor, Milton Byerly. 

1894 — Trustees: J. L. Streeter, C. C. Hopkins, John Morrisey; clerk, G. W. 
Johnson ; assessor, Milton Byerly. 

1895 — Trustees: James Carter, J. L. Streeter, John Morrisey; clerk, G. W. 
Johnson; assessor, Milton Byerly; supervisors: C. D. Stivers, Frank Wright. 
T. Brickley, J. Waggoner, Frank Reside, T. Platner, Walter Steckel, F. M. Glenn 
D. M. Strawman, R. B. Johnson, John Bailey, Frank Bailey. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 397 

1896— Trustees : John Morrisey, James Carter, I. H. Meek; clerk, G. W. 
Johnson; assessor, Milton Byerly. 

1897— Trustees : Frank Wright, Jas. Carter, I. H. Meek; clerk, F. M. Glenn; 
assessor, John Landis. 

1898— Trustees : N. A. Sohrt, Frank Wright, I. H. Meek; clerk, F. M. Glenn; 
assessor, John Landis; justice, Chas. Stivers. 

1899— Trustees : Stacy Miller, N. A. Sohrt, Frank Wright; clerk, Walter 
Johnson ; assessor, J. M. Byerly. 

1900 — ^Trustees: C. D. Stivers, M. J. McNeilly, Stacy Miller; clerk, Walter 
Johnson; assessor, J. M. Byerly; supervisors: C. D. Stivers, C. C. Hopkins, A. 
Neilson, Nathan Carter, G. H. Blahney, I. H. Meek, Milton Byerly, J. L. Streeter, 
D. M. Strawman, Frank Steckel, John Bradley, P. Bailey. 

1901 — Trustees: M. J. McNeilly, Chas. Stiver, Stacy Miller; clerk, O. W. 
Hay ; assessor, G. James. 

1902 — ^Trustees: Stacy Miller, M. J. McNeilly, Chas. Stivers; clerk, O. W. 
Hay ; assessor, G. D. James. 

1903 — Trustees: R. B. Johnson, M. J. McNeilly, Stacy Miller; clerk, O. W. 
Hay ; assessor, T. L. Power. 

1904 — Trustees: M. J. McNeilly. Stacy Miller, R. B. Johnson; clerk, O. W. 
Hay ; assessor, Wm. M. Byerly. 

1905 — Trustees: R. B. Johnson, Stacy Miller, M. J. McNeilly; clerk, O. W. 
Hay; assessor, Wm. M. Byerly. 

1906 — Trustees : Frank Porter, M. J. McNeilly, R. B. Johnson ; clerk, O. W. 
Hay; assessor, W. M. Byerly. 

1907 — Trustees: John Landis, Nathan Carter, Frank Porter; clerk, W. G. 
Ristine ; assessor, A. B. White. 

1908 — Trustees: Nathan Carter, John Landis, Frank Porter; clerk, W. G. 
Ristine; assessor, A. B. White. 

1909 — Trustees: John Landis, Frank Porter, John Robertson; clerk, W. G 
Ristine; assessor, A. B. White. 



LOVELL TOWNSHIP. 



The history of Lovell township begins with the year 1898, at which time the 
township formerly called Monticello township, was divided, that part within the 
incorporate limits of the town of Monticello was continued by the name of Mon- 
ticello township, and that part of the former territory of Monticello township out- 
side of the incorporate Hmits of the town, was called Lovell township. The his- 
tory of Lovell township, being the history of Monticello township, will be treated 
under the history of that township. 

The official roster herewith given, is properly the roster of Monticello town- 
ship down to the year 1898, after which the roster of Lovell township proper 
begins. 



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398 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

LOVELL TOWNSHIP ROSTER. 
(ALSO MONTICELLO ROSTER.) 

The first records of the township are not available, because of being misplaced 
or destroyed, and consequently we are unable to present a roster of officials prior 
to 1872. This is to be regretted, as the roster of the early officials make inter- 
esting and valuable historical data. 

1872— Trustees: S. R. Howard, A. H. Hanken, T. J. Peak; clerk, D. E. 
Pond ; road supervisors : A. Rice, W. B. Hanken, D. R. Lee, Z. Farwell, John P. 
Dodge, James Skelley, S. Calkins, John Herrick, Rank Eilers, Thomas L. Wil- 
liams, James Fuller. 

1873 — Trustees: S. R. Howard, A. H. Hanken, M. R. Gurney; clerk, J. R. 
Stillman; assessor, Robert Wilson; collector, D. E. Pond; justices: M. M. Moul- 
ton, M. W. Herrick, C. W. Gurney; constables: B. B. Ryan, A. S. Cummings, 
D. F. Magee. 

1874— Trustees : H. J. Averill, G. W. Miller, F. J. Tyron; clerk, J. R. Still- 
man; assessor, David A. White; constables: Nicholas Maurice, P. J. Wright, 
Louis Hauessler; road supervisors — No. i, J. B. Ross; 8, R. M. Hicks; 3, H. 
Sandhouse; 4, T. L. Williams; 5, John Dodge; 6, David Ralston; 7, Norman 
Starks; 8, Robert Blake; 9, J. Sloan; 10, H. D. Smith; 11, John Herrick; 12, 
Rank Eilers; 13, D. M. Hall. 

1875— Trustees : H. J. Averill, G. S. Eastman, A. D. Kline; clerk, W. W. 
Calkins ; assessor, Fletcher Burnight ; collector, Geo. H. Jacobs ; justices, Bradley 
Stuart, T. J. Peak, M. W. Herrick; constables: P. J. Wright, F. A. Whittemore, 
A. S. Cummings. 

1876 — Trustees: John McConnon, John White, S. R. Howard; clerk, J. A. 
Chandler ; collector, Wesley Calkins ; assessor, Alexander Lewis. 

1877 — Trustees: Thos. A. King, John Skelley, H. H. Starks; clerk, J. A. 
Chandler; assessor, Alexander Lewis; collector, W. W. Calkins; justices: J. R. 
Stillman, M. W. Herrick, G. W. Birdsall; constables, A. S. Cummings, A. C. Ches- 
terfield, Mark eKnyon; road supervisors — No. i, J. A. Miller; 2, C. F. Crane; 3, 
Wm. Cline ; 4, Wni. Adams ; 5, John Dodge ; 6, R. Ralston ; 7, J. C. French ; 8, 
Robert Blake; 9, James George; 10, H. D. Smith; 11, A. D. Kline; 12, Rank 
Eilers; 13, D. M. Hall. 

1878-Trustees: H. H. Starks, J. W. Skelley, W. W. Calkins; clerk, J. A. 
Chandler ; collector, Isaac Rigby ; assessor, Frank Dawson. 

1879— Trustees : W. W. Calkins, G. H. Jacobs, P. A. Miller; clerk, J. H. 
Bacher; collector, T. J. Peak; assessor, Alexander Lewis; justices, A. J. Monroe, 
Bradley Stuart ; constables : D. F. Magee, Joseph Campbell, A. S. Cummings. 

1880— Trustees: S. F. Bentley, W. W. Calkins, A. L. Miller; clerk, J. H. Ba- 
cher; assessor, Alex Stephenson; road supervisors: No. i, W. B. Cowan; 2, Rob- 
ert Hicks; 3, H. Wernimont; 4, Wm. Woods; 5, J. Voorhees; 6, G. W. Fisher; 
7, D. Ralston, Jr. ; 8, James George; 9, J. Fry; 10, Louis Reiger; 11, A. D. Kline; 
12, R. Eiler; 13, G. Filer. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 399 

1 88 1 —Trustees: H. H. Starks, D. M. Hall, L. A. Miller; clerk, J. H. Bacher; 
assessor, Frank Dawson; collector, R. P. Smith; justices: J. W. Doxsee, J. R. 
Stillman, I. H. Dawson; constables: Isaac Rigby, James Black, D. F. Magee. 

1882— Trustees: F. M. Hicks, D. M. Hall, H. H. Starks; clerk, J. H. Bacher; 
collector, Bradley Stuart. 

1883— Trustees; G. W. Curtis, F. M. Hicks, D. M. Hall; clerk, J. H. Bacher; 
assessor, Cecil Hosford; collector, T. J. Peak; justices: J. W. Doxsee, Benjamin 
White, Bradley Stuart. 

1884— Trustees: C. E. Little, F. M. Hicks, G. W. Curtis; clerk, J. H. Bacher; 
justices: A. J. Monroe, Geo. E. Wood. 

i885~Trustees: S. R. Howard, C E. Little, S. R. Howard; clerk, J. H. Ba- 
cher; assessor, Cecil Hosford; justices: A. S. Cummings, George E. Wood, Da- 
vid Gardiner; constables, D. Magee, A. Rodman, Chas. Dorrity; road super- 
visors: No. I, Wm. Brazelton; 2, Wm. Cline; 3, John Frye; 4,, Peter Dress; 5, 
John L. Clark. 

1886— Trustees: Henry Hanken. C. E. Little, S. R. Howard; clerk, J. H. 
Bacher. 

1887— Trustees: Henry Hanken, Wm. Cline, J. H. Bacher; clerk, J. B. Smith; 
assessor, H. Wernimont; justices, D. T. Gardner, M. Bell, F. J. Tyron; con- 
stables : D. F. Magee, A. Rohn, Jr., Jas. Graves. 

1888— Trustees : J. H. Bacher, Wm. Cline, A. H. Hanken; clerk, J. B. Smith. 

1889 — Trustees: J. H. Bacher, Geo. Rettig, Wm. Cline; clerk, J. B. Smith. 

1890 — Trustees: Anton Matthiesen, Wm. Qine, Geo. Rettig; clerk, J. B. 
Smith. 

1891 — Trustees: C. M. Brown, Anton Matthiesen, A. P. Jennings; clerk, C. 
A. King; assessor, Henry Wernimont; justices, G. W. Condon, O. R. Ricker, C. 
E. Little; constables: D. F. Magee, W. H. Samels, F. Stockwell. 

1892 — ^Trustees: A. P. Jennings, C. M. Brown, A. Matthiesen; clerk, C. A. 
King; constables, J. D. Graves, J. Arduser. * 

1893 — Trustees: Chas. Brown, A. P. Jennings, H. H. Hanken; clerk, J. G. 
Suter; justices, C. E. Little, W. W. Weir, G. W. Condon; constables, W. W. 
Young, A. Mueller, J. Arduser; assessor, H. G. Wernimont. 

1894 — Trustees: W. A. Overing, A. P. Jennings, H. H. Hanken; clerk, J. G. 
Suter; justices, D. E. Pond, John C. Rueger. 

1895 — Trustees: A. Matthiesen, A. H. Hanken, W. A. Overing; clerk, J. G. 
Suter; assessor, A. Calkins; justices, D. E. Pond, O. R. Ricker, C. M. Brown; 
constables: D. F. Magee, Isaac Rigby, Mart Rodman. 

1896 — Tnistees: W. A. Overing, A. Matthiesen, N. Rice; clerk, J. G. Suter. 

1897 — Trustees: W. A. Overing, A. Matthiesen, N. A. Rice; clerk, A. B. 
Tucker; assessor, C. M. Brown; justices: D. E. Pond, O. R. Ricker; constables: 
H. S. Lee, Isaac Rigby. 

1898 — The trustees at the election in the fall of 1897 were elected to fill va- 
cancies caused by the division of Monticello township, and the officers elected at 
this election were the first officers of Lovell township proper. Trustees: J. M. 
Hofacre, C. A. Schatz, H. A. Hanken; clerk, F. N. Voorhees; assessor, J. L. Ar- 
duser; justices: G. Filers, J. M. Stephenson; constables: Frank Hass, G. Null; 
road supervisors: No. i, Henry Freese; 2, J. M. Hofacre; 3, J. M. Hall; 4, 



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400 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Peter Dress; 5, A. Gudenkauf ; 6, Ed Rice; 7, P. M. Like; 8, Gerd Kammerman ; 
9, C. D. Hosford; 10, John Eden. 

1899— Trustees: H. A. Hanken, J. M. Hofacre, Carl Schatz; clerk, Fv N. 
Voorhees; assessor, J. L. Arduser; justices: A. Hanken, H. K. Fuller; constables: 
Frank Hass, August Rohn; road supervisors: Henry Freese, J. M. Hofacre, 
F. E. Hall, Peter Dress, Henry Wernimont, N. A. Rice, P. M. Like, John Eden, 
Alonzo Hosford. 

1900 — Trustees: John H. Bacher, H. A. Hanken, J. M. Hofacre; clerk, H. 
Wernimont; assessor, J. L. Arduser; justice, J. L. Graves; constables: P. M. 
Like, Bert Hubbard ; road supervisors : Henry Freese, J. M. Hofacre, Peter Mat- 
thiesen, Peter Dress, H. Wernimont, N. A. Rice, P. M. Like, J. H. Eden, Alonzo 
Hosford. 

1901 — Trustees: Douglas H. Smith, John Bacher, H. A. Hanken; clerk, Louis 
Lang; assessor, N. A. Rice; justices : P. M. Like, C. A. Thomas; constables: E. G. 
Brazelton, E. B. Hubbard. 

1902 — Trustees: Carl Schatz, D. H. Smith, J. H. Bacher; clerk, H. Werni- 
mont; assessor, N. A. Rice; justices: J. H. Bacher, J. M. Hofacre; constables: 
Fred Kellogg, W. R. French ; road supervisors : Henry Freese, W. S. Sandhouse, 
Peter Matthiesen, Peter Drips, H. Wernimont, Ahab DeWitt, P. M. Like, J. H. 
Eden, Alonzo Hosford. 

1903 — Trustees: J. L. Arduser, C. A. Schatz, D. H. Smith; clerk, F. N. 
Voorhees; assessor, H. Wernimont; justices: J. M. Hofacre, Henry Filers; con- 
stables : Reuben Drips, Gerhard Filers, Jr. 

1904 — Trustees: J. L. Arduser, C. A. Schatz, W. H. Hanken; clerk, F. N. 
Voorhees; assessor, ?I. Wernimont. 

1905 — Trustees: Peter Matthiesen, C. A. Schatz, W. H. Hanken; clerk, F. N. 
Voorhees; assessor, Henry Wernimont; justices: J. L. Graves, H. J. Lang, Sr. ; 
constables : Alva Like, Fred Starks. 

1906 — Trustees: Peter Matthiesen, W. H. Hanken, C. A. Schatz; clerk, F. N. 
Voorhees; assessor, Henry Wernimont. 

1907 — Trustees: C. A. Schatz, Peter Matthiesen, W. H. Hanken; clerk, Her- 
man Harms; assessor, H. Wernimont; justices: W. S. Sandhouse; constables: 
Merle Matthiesen, Reuben Dress. 

1908— Trustees: C. A. Schatz, Peter Matthiesen, W. H. Hanken; clerk. 
Herman Harms ; assessor, Henry Wernimont. 

IQ09 — Trustees: Henry Filer, W. H. Hanken, C. A. Schatz; clerk, Herman 
Harms; assessor, Henry Wernimont; justices: Reuben Dress, J. M. Hofacre; 
constables: J. J. Bailey, Merle Matthiesen. 



MADISON TOWNSHIP. 



EARLY SETTLEMENT. 



Madison township was organized from the southwest portion of Clay town- 
ship, January i, 1855, and was formerly included in what are now Qay, Scotch 
Grove, Madison and Wyoming townships. 



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JJISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 401 

The first actual settlement in Madison township of which we have any rec- 
ord, was made by Harrison Brown, who commenced improvements in Section 26 
about the first of June, 1852. The first prairie was broken by John Bender, 
June 2, 1852, on the property owned by Harrison Brown on the southeast quar- 
ter of section 26. Mr. Bender now resides in Wyoming, a retired and highly 
respected man. He and his good wife celebrated their golden wedding anniver- 
sary on July 21, 1909. The property on which the first sod was turned, is now 
owned by J. M. French. 

About two years afterward, in 1854, Jacob and Thomas Bender, Horace Fay 
and John Lockard entered the tQwnship and settled in the central part. The 
first residents of the northern part of the township were Daniel and Leaveritt 
Brown, C. C. Himebaugh, John G. Krouse, Bamett Lewis, L. C. Minard, James 
McCorkle, Amos Gilbert, Alex Clark, D. Scriven and M. O. Felton. Among the 
early settlers in other parts of the township were, Enoch Worthington, Seth 
Tozier, John Niles, Gould Dietz, Seyborn Moore, John Wasson, H. Barto, John 
McDonald, Andrew McDonald, William McDonald, Abner Kimball, A. W. Pratt, 
Elijah Day, William Hawley, Henry Cross, Riley Calkins, Jacob Parks, John 
Anderson, Nathan Arnold, Robert McCalmant, Isaac Bissell, Daniel Bissell, 
Joshua Crawford, Griswold Hay, David Kling, T. M. Burch, Sol Smith, R. B. 
Hanna, J. A. LeMaster, David Lyon, Chas. B. Gridley, William H. Alden, John 
Conmey, James Tuttle, Philo Norton, Daniel Colby, Farnum Colby, M. H. Hoge- 
boom, M. B. Corcoran, Henry Dockstader, James Stephenson and J. A. Blakely. 

But we find it recorded that there are other things as important as the cultiva- 
tion of land in Madison, 1. e. marriages and births. 

FIRST MARRIAGE. 

The first bride led to the hymeneal aJtar in Madison was Miss Anna M. 
Krouse, and the bashful bridegroom was M. O. Felton, the master of ceremonies 
was the gallant and honorable, John E. Lovejoy. The groom of this occasion is 
yet the same bashful fellow that he was on that eventful August 29th, 1854, and 
enjoys relating the events of that period. He is a hale and hearty optimistic 
resident of Center Jvmction at the advanced age of eighty-two years. The bride 
and companion of his joys is also one of the substantial women of her day and 
generation. 

FIRST BIRTH. 

The first promising youth ushered into the life of Madison was Orlando E. 
Countryman, son of Nicholas and Katherine Countryman. This happy event 
occurred May 21, 1853, in a log cabin on what is now the Buckholtz farm just 
west of the Bender schoolhouse. Mr. Countryman now lives at Canova, South 
Dakota and bears his honors lightly. 

The first girl born in the township was born in the same log cabin as was the 
first boy, the girl was Miss Kate Hawn, daughter of Jacob and Lana Hawn. 
This birth is dated July 16, 1853. This blushing maiden now lives in Wyoming 
and is the wife of JeflF Close. It is a peculiar coincidence that the two first births 



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402 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

in the township, being from different families, should have been in the same 
cabin. This was in section 27. 

THE TOWNSHIP ORGANIZED. 

Madison township as it now is, was organized at the January session of the 
Jones county court, 1855. Those early liberty-loving friends were not long in 
assuming the power given them, and on April 2, 1855, held the first election. 
A. W. Pratt and Henry Cross were elected to fill the office of justices of the 
peace. The trustees were Thomas Bender, Horace A. Fay and James Tuttle. 
The first clerk was John Lockard and the first assessor, C. C. Himebaugh. 

The importance of education was not forgotten, and notwithstanding the 
many demands upon their time and money, a schoolhouse was erected on the 
farm of C. C. Himebaugh, the ground being donated for that purpose. The 
first school in south Madison was located about one hundred rods east of the 
present residence of Fred Storm in section 27. This was in 1854. 

THE VILLAGE OF M.VDISON. 

The first village in Madison township was naturally called Madison village. 
This historic spot was laid out into town lots November 25, 1856, by John and 
Sarah Niles, Horace and Eleanor Fay, George and Eliza Reed and Griswold 
N. Hay, and was located on the south half of the southwest quarter, and the 
southwest quarter of the southeast quarter of section 20, and the north half 
of the northeast quarter of section 29. 

THE POSTOFFICE. 

The Madison village postoffice was established November 6, 1855, with Horace 
A. Fay as postmaster. The mail was carried on the stage line from Maquoketa 
to Anamosa. The next postmaster was Gould P. Deitz, whose commission was 
dated October 10. 1856. On March 6, i860, John W. Niles was empowered to 
perform the duties of postmaster, and on November 13, 1866, he was succeeded 
by Isaac Vandervort. No further change was made in the representative of Uncle 
Sam until January 21, 1873, when Purviance Ireland was commissioned post- 
master. This was a short administration and on March 31, 1873, Alex. McGregor 
became the obliging Nasby of the village. On the 17th of November, 1873, the 
office was discontinued. 

BUSINESS CENTER. AN "iNN'' INCIDENT. 

The postoffice was kept in the store. There was also a wagon shop which 
stood about where EHas Anderson's fine residence now stands. The village 
blacksmith was Jacob Bender whose duties began in 1854. Seybom Moore was 
the wood worker. T. M. Burch and wife were the proprietors of Madison Inn. 
It is related of this inn during the period when Mr. Burch and his wife were in 
control, that no liquors of any kind were kept or sold. This was not the usual 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 403 

custom in the early days. Hence one warm sultry day, some travelers came along 
and casually asked Mrs. Burch if they could get a drink, to which the accom- 
modating landlady replied, yes sir. The callers had meant one kind of drink, 
while Mrs. Burch had meant another ; so it was with a smile of satisfaction that 
she brought a pitcher of clear water from the well and offered it to the dry 
travelers, and it was likewise received with all the good nature of a joke. Mr. 
and Mrs. Burch now reside in Anamosa and are yet noted for their genial hos- 
pitality and kindness of heart. 

Nothing remains of the thriving little village today except the land upon 
which it stood and the memories of the place as retained by those who once 
knew it. The Madison Village school is now on the next road north. 

It is said that there is no stony soil in Madison township. Bear Creek Val- 
ley in the southern part, is one of the most fertile valleys in the county. There 
is not much timber. The farm houses are good and a general air of prosperity 
prevails. 

MADISON TOWNSHIP ASSESSMENT IN 1859. 

By chance, the assessment book of Madison township for 1859, has come 
under our observation, and the figures shown by this ancient record will prove 
of interest and value from a historical standpoint. This assessment was taken 
by C. C. Himebaugh, township assessor, just fifty years ago. The total valua- 
tion of the land in the township in that year aggregates the sum of eighty-five 
thousand eight hundred and sixty-five dollars. The assessed value was approxi- 
mately three dollars and eighty-five cents per acre. There were one hundred and 
fifty-three horses valued at six thousand, six hundred and forty-one dollars. Five 
mules valued at three hundred and forty dollars. Seven hundred and sixty head 
of cattle, value, seven thousand six hundred and fifty-nine dollars. Sixty-eight 
sheep, valued at one dollar per head. Five hundred and forty-two swine, value, 
seven hundred and five dollars. Eighty-five carriages, value one thousand eight 
hundred and sixteen dollars. Three hundred and fifteen dollars in moneys and 
credits. Fifteen dollars taxable household furniture. Three hundred and ninety- 
two dollars in other property not enumerated. Total personal property, seven- 
teen thousand, nine hundred and forty-nine dollars. 

No land in the township was assessed at a higher valuation than six dollars 
per acre. 

We also give herewith the names of the residents of the township who were 
subject to county poll as they appear on the assessment roll: Nathan Arnold, 
Philip G. Alberry, John Anderson, Thomas Bender, B. F. Bedford, Clinton 
Barto, D. C. Blakely, H. H. Bissell, H. S. Byres, Jacob S. Byres, Daniel Bugh, 
L. L. Burlingame, Jacob Bender, J. Bennett, Famum Colby, Alexander Clark, 
John Clark, Michael D. Corcoran, Joshua Crawford. B. W. Curtis, Henry 
Cross, William J. Cross, Daniel Colby, Albert H. Day, Elijah Day, William 
Dockstader, Henry Dockstader, Fred H. Dockstader, Ezra Dockstader, George 
E. Delevan, G. P. Deitz, M. O. Felton, Joseph S. Fuller, Horace A. Fay, Hiram 
Fay, Amos Gilbert, John Gorman, H. C. Gleason, William Hawley, Ogden 
Horton, C. C. Himebaugh, Marcus Hogeboom, B. M. House, Alvin M. House, 
T. J. Holmes, John Herron, Henry Kenison, George Krouse, Abner Kimball, 



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404 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

Thomas Lyans, James Lane, Barnet Lewis, Emmons Leonard, Israel Luce, John 
Lockard, John Livingston, Robert McCalmant, Guy Merrick, Lewis C. Minard, 
John McDonald, Evans Moore, John Niles, Lyman C. Niles, Harvey Niles, 
Martin Nichols, Elisha Newell, Philo Norton, William Newell, W. S. Niles, 
J. F. Parks, A. H. Persons, A. H. Wilson, Rufus Perry, J. M. Price, George 
Preston, Addison W. Pratt (land valued at four thousand, three hundred and 
seventy-five dollars), L. K. Rose, J. D. Raymond. Joseph Sherman, Solomon 
Smith, Peter Smith, Richard Slocum, Aaron D. Slater, Matthias Scriven, John 
H. Smith, Peter C. Smith, Peter Strong, David Sherill, Henry Simmons, James 
Stevenson, Eli Sawyer, Morris Simmons, Barnard Sealls, George W. Sones, 
Asa R. Thomas, Seth M. Tozier, James Tuttle. 

A MADISON BEAR OF 1861. 

The quiet and peaceful community which is now Madison township gives 
no evidence that at one time bears, black fighting bears, once tramped 
over the prairie and camped in the woods. This fact must be left for mem- 
ory to verify and history to record. We always like to think of the transi- 
tion of a county from its wild state to a condition of high civilization and the 
presence of the wild beasts of the forest vivifies the impression of the country 
being wild and uncivilized. This is not really true of Madison township, hence 
the fact that a bear was chased in the township and killed, adds spice to the 
early traditions of the township. 

It was about in the month of February, 1861, John McDonald had about 
finished his chores in the morning, when his attention was called to the fact 
of a huge black bear in the barnyard. With that hunting instinct fully aroused, 
Mr. McDonald was all attention. He had guns, but alas, no bullets. It was 
the work of a short time to procure some lead and mould some bullets. The 
boys started after the bear, and John followed on horse back. The bear was 
found, and when discovered, started to run. The morning was cold, there was 
snow on the ground, and the long grass interfered with traveling. The bear 
had gone westward. When near the McNeilly farm, John took a shot at the 
bear, but had the comfort only of seeing the snow toss up near the nose of the 
bear. The bear was chased as far as where Amber now is. Here the bear's 
pursuers changed their course. In the chase, the bear and Mr. McDonald's horse 
met in the brush. The bear bit the horse on the knee, and the horse charging, 
fractured some ribs for Mr. Bear. The bear went up into Wayne to the Wil- 
liam Sanford farm, then plunged east to Edinburgh into the brush. Mr. McDon- 
ald fired, or tried to fire several shots, but in the dampness, the caps snapped. 
After several attempts to get the gun to fire, John was about to give up in dis- 
gust. He was cold and disgusted, and told the boys with him to take his gun 
and hunt if they wanted to, but he was going home. But feeling in his pocket, 
our bear hunter, as luck would have it, found another cap. With his gun 
Mr. McDonald followed the tracks of the bear into the brush, and soon found 
Mr. Bear lying in the brush facing his pursuer. When close enough, John took 
aim and fired, and the bear had tramped his last tramp. Not a hole could be 
found in his hide, for he had been shot straight in the eye. The bear was 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 405 

brought home on a sled and the hide removed. The carcass was taken to Du- 
buque and sold. There was quite a spirited rivalry among the hide fanciers to 
get the bear claws to hang on the bell rope. The hide was hung up in the 
barn. The moths got into it and destroyed it. Mr. McDonald, now lives at 
Center Junction at the age of eighty-five years, and his eye yet sparkles with 
the luster of a genuine sportsman, as he relates his bear chase and the true 
aim which brought its tragic end. 

OFFICIAL ROSTER, MADISON TOWNSHIP. 

1855 — ^Trustees: James Tuttle, Thomas Bender, Horace A. Fay; clerk, John 
Lockard; assessor, C. C. Himebaugh. 

1856 — ^Trustees: Thomas Bender, Lewis C. Minards, Enoch Worthington; 
clerk, Seth Tozier; assessor, C. C. Himebaugh. 

1857 — Trustees: L. C. Minard, Daniel Colby, Joshua Crawford; clerk, Enoch 
Worthington. 

1858 — Trustees: Joshua Crawford, Amos Gilbert, Famum Colby; clerk, S. 
M. Tozier. 

1859 — ^Trustees: M. O. Felton, H. C. Gleason, Philo Norton; clerk, Thomas 
Bender; assessor, C. C. Himebaugh; justices, George Sutherland and John H. 
Smith. 

i860 — Trustees: Daniel Colby, John Lockard, Thomas Lyons; clerk, Thomas 
Bender; assessor, Philo Norton; justices: H. A. Fays, G. P. Deitz. 

1861 — ^Trustees: L. C. Niles, John Lockard, Emmons Leonard; clerk, M. O. 
Felton; assessor, M. B. Corcoran; justices, John Niles and M. H. Hogeboom; 
constables: Hiram Little and Henry Dockstader; road supervisors: No. i, A. 
Qark; 2, E. A. Nichols; 3, H. Crop; 4, Hiram Little; 5, J. F. Parks; 6, Jacob 
Bender; 7, M. D. Corcoran; 8, F. O. Gleason; 9, Abner Kimball, 10, G. W. 
Halsey. 

1862 — Trustees: Emmons Leonard, J. A. Blakely, L. C. Niles; clerk, M. O. 
Felton; assessor, M. D. Corcoran. 

1863 — Trustees: M. O. Felton, Emmons Leonard, J. A. Blakely; clerk, 
Thomas Bender; assessor, M. D. Corcoran. 

1864 — Trustees: E. Leonard, Nathan Arnold, ; clerk, Thomas 

Bender; assessor, M. D. Corcoran. 

1865 — Trustees: Asa R. Thomas, Alvin M. House, Robert Somerby; clerk, 
Thomas Bender; assessor, Michael Corcoran; justices, J. A. Blakely, M. O. 
Felton; constables: W. S. Niles, Jr., and David M. Scriven. 

1866 — Trustees: A. R. Thomas, Ervin Green, G. E. Osborne; clerk, Robert 
Somerby; assessor, M. D. Corcoran. 

1867 — Trustees: Erwin Green, G. E. Osborne, C. VanSlyke; clerk, R. Som- 
erby; assessor, A. W. Pratt; justice, W. J. Brainard; road supervisors: John 
Wasson, C. VanSlyke, J. Sherman, N. Day, T. Bender, R. Hanna, E. Vernon, 
G. W. James, W. Alden, J. A. Blakely. 

1868 — Trustees: George E. Osborne, L. G. Ransom, Christopher VanSlyke; 
assessor, M. O. Felton; clerk, R. Somerby. 



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406 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

1869 — Trustees: Alvin M. House, William H. Alden, L. G. Ransom; clerk, 
Robert Somerby; assessor, M. O. Felton. 

1870— Trustees: William H. Alden, M. O. Felton, Alvin M. House; clerk, 
Robert Somerby ; assessor, George E. Osborn. 

187 1— Trustees: W. H. Alden, A. G. Pangbom, G. E. Osborne; clerk, R. 
Somerby; assessor, M. O. Felton. 

1872 — ^Trustees: A. G. Pangborn, S. M. Graves, M. G. Burch; clerk, Robert 
Somerby; assessor, M. O. Felton; road supervisors: J. M. Scrivens, C. Van 
Slyke, A. Black, John H. Bratton, P. G. Alberry, H. C. Preston, M. O. Felton, 
L. K. Rose, A. M. House, H. Monroe, R. B. Hanna, J. C. Austin, Daniel 
Colby. 

1873 — Trustees: M. G. Burch, S. M. Graves, Thomas Lyons; clerk, M. 0. 
Felton; assessor, G. E. Osborn. 

1874-— Trustees : Thomas Lyons, S. M. Graves, M. G. Burch; clerk, R. W. 
McCready; assessor, G. E. Osborn. 

1875 — Trustees: J. H. Smith, Thomas Lyons, D. H. Sherrill; clerk, Robert 
W. McCready; assessor, E. C. Meek; road supervisors, James Brutzman, Wil- 
liam Story, E. C. Meek, W. Curtis, A. N. Reade, E. A. Thomas, M. Strayer, 
W. H. Alden, L. D. Van Wormer, M. O. Felton, Eli Sawyer, J. Richardson. 

1876 — Trustees: L. G. Ransom, Joshua Crawford, D. H. Sherrill; clerk, 
Robert W. McCready; assessor, E. C. Meek. 

1877 — Trustees: L. G. Ransom, John Wirt, G. E. Osborne; clerk, J. W. 
Strayer; assessor, E. Tate. 

1878 — Trustees: J. H. Smith, L. G. Ransom, William H. Alden; clerk, E. C 
Meek; assessor, M. O. Felton. 

1879 — Trustees: A. G. Pangborn, Thomas Lyons, M. G. Burch; clerk, J. M. 
Paul; assessor, M. O. Felton. 

1880 — Trustees: M. G. Burch, Thomas Lyons, A. G. Pangbom; clerk, J. M. 
Paul; assessor, Andrew McDonald. 

1881 — Trustees: Samuel Alexander, A. G. Pangbom, M. G. Burch; clerk, 
R. W. ^McCready; assessor, Andrew McDonald; road supervisors: H. H. Hime- 
baugh, R. J. Espy, Thomas Lyons, Jr., S. M. Graves, D. G. Lyons, John Bender, 
G. W. James, Jacob Stingley, C. H. Leamon, Charles Gridley, William Stingley, 
George Evans, W. W. Dodge. 

1882— Trustees: W. H. H. Reade, Samuel Alexander, D. H. Sherrill; clerk, 
R. W. McCready, assessor, Andrew McDonald. 

1883— Trustees : D. H. Sherrill, Samuel Alexander, W. H. H. Reade; clerk, 
R. W. McCready; assessor, A. McDonald; collector, S. L. Gilbert. 

1884— Trustees : Samuel Alexander, W. H. H. Reade, D. H. Sherrill; clerk, 
R. W. McCready; assessor, A. McDonald. 

1885— Trustees: John Wirt, W. H. H. Reade, D. H. Sherrill; clerk, R. W. 
McCready; assessor, N. B. Noyes. 

1886— Tmstees : D. S. McDonald, P. C. Smith, D. H. Sherill; clerk, R. W. 
McCready; assessor, N. B. Noyes. 

X887— Trustees : D. H. Sherrill, P. C. Smith, D. S. McDonald; clerk, Robert 
W. McCready ; assessor, N. B. Noyes. 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 407 

1888— Trustees : D. S McDonald, D. H. Sherrill, P. C. Smith; clerk, R. G. 
Lyans; assessor, N. B. Noyes. 

1889— Trustees: P. C. Smith, D. H. Sherrill, D. S. McDonald; clerk, R. G. 
Lyans; assessor, William Davis. 

1890— Trustees : D. S. McDonald, P. C. Smith, D. H. Sherrill : clerk, R. G. 
Lyans; assessor, W. H. Davis. 

1891 — Trustees: P. C. Smith, D. S. McDonald, D. H. Sherrill; clerk, George 
G. Platner; assessor, W. H. Davis. 

1892 — Trustees: J. A. Overly, P. C. Smith, Warren Dodge; clerk, George 
G. Platner; assessor, W. H. Davis. 

1893 — Trustees: J. A. Overly, P. C. Smith, Warren Dodge; clerk, George 
G. Platner; assessor, M. O. Felton. 

1894 — Trustees: E. P. Thompson, J. A. Overly, Warren Dodge; clerk, 
George G. Platner; assessor, M. O. Felton. 

1895 — ^Trustees: Warren Dodge, J. A. Overly, E. P. Thompson; clerk, 
George G. Platner; assessor, S. L. Davis. 

1896 — ^Trustees: J. A. Overly, Warren Dodge, E. P. Thompson; clerk, R. G. 
Lyans; assessor, S. L. Davis. 

1897 — Trustees: J. A. Overly, Warren Dodge, J. F. Brown; clerk, W. O. 
Shaffer; assessor, S. L. Davis; justices: S. L. Gilbert, G. W. Evans, Z. W. 
Montague; constables, George Hogeboom, W. H. H. Reade, A. J. Lewis; road 
supervisors: Henry Welch, R. G. Lyans, S. K. Thompson, B. A. Woodworth, 
F. D. Cromwell, John Bender, L. L. Ireland, J. W. Glenn, P. C. Levsen, Wil- 
liam L. Overly, Ben. Johnston, N. Day, A. J. House. 

i898~Trustees: H. P. Barber, J. F. Brown, Warren Dodge; clerk, W. O. 
Shaffer. 

1899 — Trustees: C. E. Bruntlett, J. F. Brown, H. P. Barber; clerk, Charles 
Saxon. 

1900 — Trustees: H. P. Barber, J. F. Brown, C. E. Bruntlett; clerk, A. W. 
McDonald; assessor, George McDonald. 

1 901— Trustees: J. F. Brown, H. P. Barber, C E. Bruntlett; clerk, A. W. 
McDonald; assessor, George D. McDonald; road supervisors: H. Welch, E. E. 
Overly, H. D. Story, S. K. Thompson, B. A. Woodworth, Robert J. Moncrief, 
John Thomsen, E. Anderson, J. B. Christopherson, L. B. Woodard, Charles 
Sherman, Clifford Wood, W. H. Preston; justices: R. G. Lyans and G. W. 
Evans ; constables : L. J. McDonald, A. J. Lewis. 

1902— Trustees : C. E. Bruntlett, J. F. Brown, H. P. Barber; clerk, A. W. 
McDonald; assessor, George D. McDonald. 

1903 — Trustees: J. N. Smith, H. P. Barber, C. E. Bruntlett; clerk, George 
D. McDonald; assessor, R. G. Lyans. 

1904 — Trustees: C. E. Bruntlett, J. N. Smith, William McDonald; clerk, 
George D. McDonald; assessor, R. G. Lyans. 

1905 — ^Trustees: J. W. Glenn, C. E. Bruntlett, J. N. Smith; clerk, George 
D. McDonald; assessor, Charles Saxon. 

1906 — Trustees: J. N. Smith, J. W. Glenn, C. E. Bruntlett; clerk, George 
D. McDonald; assessor, Charles Saxon. 



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408 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

1907 — Trustees: A. E. Porter, C. E. Bruntlett, J. W. Glenn; clerk, George 
D. McDonald; assessor, Charles Saxon. 

1908 — Trustees: C. E. Bruntlett, J. W. Glenn, A. E. Porter; clerk, George 
D. McDonald; assessor, Charles Saxon. 

1909 — ^Trustees: H. G. Manuel, C. E. Bruntlett, A. E. Porter; clerk, George 
D. McDonald; assessor, S. L. Davis. 



CENTER JUNCTION. 

This quiet and modest town located in the northern part of Madison town- 
ship, began its existence in October, 1871, when its proprietors, James A. Bron- 
son, S. W. Johnson, John M. Squires and Kinsey Elwood had the town site 
surveyed and laid out into lots and blocks. Later Mr. Squires purchased the 
interests of his co-tenants in the town property and became the sole owner. 

It was about the same year that the Midland branch of the Chicago and 
Northwestern Railroad, and what is at present known as the Davenport and 
Monticello branch of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad completed 
their lines into and through the youthful village. The town being located near 
the geographical center of the county, and being at the junction of the two 
railroads, it very naturally took the name of Center Junction. 

THE FIRST BUILDING. 

The first building erected in town is the residence now occupied by Dr. T. B. 
Kent and was erected and used by George Bradfield as a boarding house. This 
was in 1871. The second building began its historic existence on the spot where 
Gus Ehlers' store now stands. It was then used for a saloon. The building was 
later moved back and soon lost its identity. 

EARLY MERCANTILE INTERESTS. 

William Slocum built and conducted the first hotel in 1871. Nathan Clark 
in 1871, became the first village blacksmith. In 1872, Dr. Carlisle came to 
minister to the physical necessities of the people and became the first and lead- 
ing physician of the place. Dr. Carlisle and Nathan Clark had been previously 
established in Johnsontown, a pioneer village of the county, located about five 
miles to the northeast. The first church services were held in the hall over 
what is now M. G. Alsever's store in the winter of 1871-1872. Rev. Z. R. 
Ward was the missionary who exhorted the people to live in right relations with 
their fellow men and with their Maker. Dr. Z. G. Isbell conducted the first drug 
store. J. C. Houser opened up the first dry goods and grocery store in the 
village. A man by the name of Sanborn came from Maquoketa and opened 
up a grocery store. 

THE POSTOFFICE. 

The first postmaster was John E. Lovejoy, appointed November 20, 1871. 
He is spoken of as a man of more than ordinary intelligence, as well as a 



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HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 409 

man who was economical in anything which required physical exertion. The 
next man to represent Uncle Sam was Dr. Z. G. Isbell, May 7, 1875 and follow- 
ing him T. E. Canty became the obliging Nasby on May i, 1893. When Mr. 
Canty laid down the reins of office, O. O. Watson received the commission to 
become postmaster and now holds this official position, his commission being 
dated February 24, 1906. 

THE VILLAGE IN iSjQ. 

The history of 1879 in speaking of Center Junction says: "There are two 
general stores, one drug store, one hardware store, two restaurants, one millin- 
ery store, two blacksmith shops, one wagon and repair shop, one tin shop, one 
hotel, one creamery, two depots, two express offices, one harness shop, two grain 
warehouses, stockyards, two doctors and no saloons." 

The present business roster will also state that there is no saloon. The 
people are a quiet, hospitable, law abiding class and merit the respect and es- 
teem of all who meet them. The inhabitants at present are largely an English 
speaking people, and are intelligent and industrious. 

THE VILLAGE FIRES. 

The business portion of the town has met with several severe reverses by 
fires. In November, 1900, the store building occupied by George and O. J. 
Felton, caught fire and burned to the ground. Very little was saved. Again 
on June 4, 1902, the Schultz meat market, J. W. Bahm's drug store, J. C. Smith's 
grocery and dry-goods store and O. O. Watson's barber shop and confectionery 
store met a similar fate, entailing a total loss of about twelve thousand dollars. 
Since this latter date, the fire god has been good to Center Junction and the 
onward march of the town has not been further hindered by the fire demon. 

THE VILLAGE INCORPORATED. 

In 1885, the village was commissioned to exercise the rights and privileges 
of local self-government, and in May of that year, the administration of town 
affairs was placed in the hands of officials elected by the people, for the people. 
Mr. J. E. Coder was elected to preside over the deliberation of the official body 
as the first mayor. Mr. Coder also enjoys the distinction of being one of the few 
who have resided in the town since its first history began. At the writing of 
this history, he is again the mayor oi the town, and is well worthy of the re- 
spect and esteem of his fellow men, full of good works and of the charity 
nhich builds up men's souls. 

WATER WORKS ESTABLISHED. 

In July, 1908, a special election was held to give the people an opportunity 
to vote on the proposition of issuing two thousand dollar bonds for the pur- 
pose of putting in a system of water works for the use and protection of the 



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410 HISTORY OF JONES COUNTY 

town. Only three votes were recorded against the proposition. The well 
has been drilled on the hill in the sout