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/ < 

I N 


•• - * v» 0" 



' •• > '>- 




Of K I N G 


I 1. ^ ^ ,rrra i r ■ . ' m r 

In III. Parts. 


Vol. III. 

ynum Hiftori^ OinSy miufqae Finis ^. 
Ucilius, qu^ ek V^ricate CbUigtttlr. 

^^ • ^Mci^nus, deCttifirik. Miftori£. 

Honeftt FaQis Veritas fuffidt. M». »^ fp/^ nd Tadf. 


PrJoted for A*t(fper^ at tbe fi/^cit-Bex in tlecifiree^ ; 
K Coggm^, in the Inner 'TemfU^L^m ; and f^, 
Afvwattb.el»«JfiQCar»Wi/,MDCCIlI» " 


•• .• •• f 


i<— — ^— laifc— I— ^M^wJi ■ I 


To the Right Honbtinble 

Charles Montague^ 

Earl of 


My terJt 

SHOULD I Write the liiftory of 
King WILLIAM in any other Coun- 
try but EMglanJ, I would not be 
Ibllkitous to prooue it a ProteAion ; 
For that HEROICK MONARCH has Efta- 
blUh'd his Fame on ib folid a Foundation,' 
as to need no other Prop to fu^port it felf 
abroad t But as*tis Amazing to think, that 
there ihould be a Set of Men amongft us* 
who malicioufly endeavour to darken the 
Memory of the GREAT DELIVERER 
oftfaelb Nations, and the Amercer of the 
Ixiboties of l^repe ; So this Melancholy 
^Rftfledion, makes an Addrefs of ^is Na« 
furcflQQe^y» here. 


The dedication. 

Now, My LotJ, this pan of King Wjt^ 
LlAM's Hiftocy does naturally claim the 
Patfooage of the Noble family ol Menta" 
gue I For the Great Things they have done 
for that Prince, and that Prince for them* 
have fuch an intimate Relation, that I 
could not omit either, wiriiout being inju' 
rious to both. 

It is your Utuftrious Family, My Lmit 
that fupported his Jacc Majefty's Govern* 
menc againft the open AiliruUs, and fecrec 
Underminings of the Difafieifled ; and that 
WCM nearto^at » cad to that fatalDiSer- 
cace, which cbM* the MifearIiages^odle^ 
Reigns, had crept into the Nation, of a 
diftindt Intereft between KING and PEO- 
PLE; by advifing nothing either Dcroga* 
Cory xxi die jpfl ^er^gative d the one, or 
cncroaf hiag on thp Lawful Rights and Li- 
berties of the other- 

But, My Ijtrdi w^ difei!^ fltte in this 
Addiefs, to yout LORDSHIP, 
IS, (hat beftdts che Praiiies you Me- 
rit aad «i0Qy, in Coiwnoa wuh your 
noble Relatioss, ^issl^ »x€ others njow {>«• 
cuJiKly due to yo\x LOftDSHtfi in 
whom bis'isEe Mi^jefty cepos'd the ^e9«eft 
Confidence, whei> be tcufled to yOMf Pi:H' 
dence and Ability, the Managemenc «fk*a 
Itiecreft in the raoH Politick Coutt ^JEV' 
rope i and that too in the mqft lQrit«e«l 
jundure of his wlwle Reign. Fori wi^onl 
it Sfoy be obfexv'd, Tbas cite firfl EmbaCTy 

The T)edicatiom 

king WItLJAifitnt to France was an Eiit- 
baJj^ of Splcndor|tke SecondofGonmlimefKt 
hat yourSy My Lord^ was an Embafly of Bu^- 
fineu : And this Negotiation you carried oa 
with foeli indefatigable Watchfulness pro^ 
found Caution, admirable Addirefe, and 
becoming Dignity, as thereby to prpveoc 
the ill eftedts of the Partition-Treaty, and of 
the late King of Spain\ Will j and keep the 
formidable Power of France at a ftand, till 
the reft of Chriftendbm, and particularly 
our Allies, the t>utch, were in a Capacity to 
(top its Career. 

And what does eminently diftinguilh 
your LO RD S Hi P's Embafly, is the 
moil convincing Inftance it gave the 
World, of that perfed Union and good 
Correfpondencc which his Majefty had fet- 
tled between England and Holland ; For it 
is remarkable. That the Dutch Ambaflador 
at Paris^ being, by Sicknefs, incapacitated 
to difcharge his Office, your LORDSHIP 
manag*d the Affairs %i the two Nations^ 
with^ual Applaufe |n both ; and to the 
entire Satisfaction of your Royal Mafter, 
Significantly expreft by his Naming your 
LORDSHIP one of his Principal Secreta- 
ries of State, immediately upon your Re« 
turn from France^ 

Thefe Services to your Frince and Com- 
trj. My Lord^ and thefe Marks of Fa- 
vour received from Him, have determine 
me to Addcefs this Part of his lace Maje- 


The 'Dedication, 

fly's Hiftory to youc Loidfliip : la which 
however I may have fuoceeded, I ilnll 
think my feif extreamly happy, diat they 
have given me ah Occafion of being 
known to your Lordflup, and of Publiih- 
ing to the World with how much RefpeA 
ana V enetation I am. 

moil Obedient and 
molt Faithful 

Humble Servantjl 

•.I ;' •. 

;> i C 



HEH.E is my third ^nd kfi Volume of King 
William'^ Hifiwy^ which! could not Publifi 
fooneTj iy reafm of the great Variety of Matters 
of taS it contains J and the Nicety of the Circwnftances 
that attend them ^ toth which have made me feel the 
freight and Difficulty of mjf Vndertaki^^ » ^^d abnojt 
detert^dmefirom furjuingit. 

It fnufi he confeft that as tU Seven laR fears qf 
King WmiamV K^ign, are tie hifieS part of his Life; 
f$ they ate the mofi ProblematicaT: Jinean^ fucb as 
have afforded mofi Mttter of Contention between his 
Friends and his Btfmies. The memorable Siege ofii%^ 
tnuf ; the Clandefiine Treaty between France andSai^ 
V07 ; the Affafpnati^ Plot ; the Interviews between th9 
EarlofVortmid and Al^i^^iir Bouffiers^ and' the 'Ne-^ 
gotiatians at Ryfwick ; Portlands EmbaJJ) to France^ 
and the Treaties of Partition^ are Paffages which be^ 
ffeak e^ery Bodfs Attention ; and which neverthelefs 
have been hitherto but imperfehly and confufedly related: 
On the other hand^ the Lancafl)irc plot ; the^ Trial of 
Sir John Fenwick ; the Hammer of ^c^ining the Mo^ 
i%eyi ihe Dssbanding the Army j the BreSi^g a New 
£aft-Ihdia Company ; the f^fun^tion of the Forfeited 
Ejiates in Irelapd ; t^e Impeachments and Profecution 
^ fever at Lards i The Jkt^les between the Court and 
Coufitry-Parties i the difoarding t^e Old, and chufing 4 
fiew MimRry^ with many other incidents^ areTranf-^ 
jaBions^ which as they did^ (andfiill do^ in feme mes^ure) 
divide the whole Nation^ fo thty cannot hut create 
gr^af deaf ef mMt ie 4fyithfi(l ^^orian 5 wi$ mites 


^ifon the ffot , and is funounJed fy tbofc thai bavif 
been the Principal ABors in fho/e Proceedings. I ne^J 
itot tet the l(^ader that I have us'd ail the Preeautians 
imaginable not IQ O&nd, wbilft I endeavenr to In^ 
ftn^ : For hovf I have manned Ms arduous Affair ^mufi 
be left to his candid Deqifipn, 

Some of my Friends would have ferhaded me to 
animadvert upon a Book^ ^^Itled^ The ^ife of 
mSiam III. late King of England, and Pnnce of 
Orange^ which, indeed, is but an undigefted Abric^. 
mem of my twofirft Volwnes^ with feme whole Pam- 
phlets relating to the Disbanding of the Army ; the 
Soits Settlement at Darien \^nd other luterpolations; 
tfthat feature, ill tackM together, to m^k.e up the 
Volume. 9ut I think^ it unnecejfarj to tak^ any fwr^ 
iher lioticeof it : For true Judges will eafifyfind the 
Difference, between that Hiftory a^ mine j and as for 
fuch as will fujjir themfelves to be imposed upon^ J^on^ 
tent fnyfeiftOfcU them, what a firewd l^upcio from, 
the Pope, at Paris, was repeating to Crowds rflgnarane 
People, that kneefd andvap'dfor his SenediBion : QJd I 

vnir pECipfbEciPUTUR. 


To the Secpnd Vohmt. 

ONthejothofif^ri/, 1*94: The King create^ 
the Marquis of Qamkrthen^ Dukc oF teeds\ 
The Earl of Bedford was made Majfquis of Tavi- 
fiocK* an^ ^'^^ diBedfQrd\ The Earl of Dw^w^/^'V*, 
Marquis tAHartingtoin^ and Duke ot Dev^finre'. The 
Earl of Clare, Marquis of Cla^e, and DuK:eo|N«ij- 
taflle^ and the Lord Vifcouni: Newort^ taxl 01 Srad- 
ford, ' M 

At tbc 4me TmtCbitries MmtagHt, ff<li oacoV 
Ant eommiffioncfs of the Treafivy was im^ Cb^' 
fellor and \tad«t-Tttafiircr of the J&»e^«^««r, 

" / 









THE Death of Qjjem Mary oeafion'd an A. C 
univcrfal Sorrow, buc aflpeded King U^U i6af. 
Ham in a more particular manner. His yyy^^ 
Majefty, of a firm unfliaken Heroe, became ^^a, tf 
now a tender, loving Husband, who melted into Q^gin Ma* 
Tears, and abandonVl himfelf to all the Tran(p ^rcs ty*/ Oi«iii^ 
and Weaknefles of an inconfblable AfHi£lion. And 
indeed, his Lofi leem*d to jufiinr his Griei, fince he 
not only muft henceforward fuftain alone the 
Weight of Affairs, but remain more expos'd to ;the 
Contradidion and Attempts ofhis Enemies at hofaie; 
againft which he was partly fecur'd, by the AfFcctioa 
wnich even a ereat many of the Malecontents bore 
to that Princels; both upon account, of her creac 
Virtues, and as being a Nativf^ and Daughfew to King 
James. However, af this fatal Accidenc did con(i^ 
derably heighten the Boldnefs, and raiie the Hopes 
of the PlHwefted, io did it wonderfully unite the 
'' Bbb • Hearts 


2 , The Reign of King 

A. C. Hearts and Minds of all thofe, that had concurr'd in 

1695;. the prefent Secclemenc ; who apprehending the Re- 

^^f%^(encmenc oFche Abdicated Monarch, refol^d to vca^ 

ture their All to prevent his Reftoration. 
ThePrincefs Next to King fPiUiamj the Death of the Qpeen 
Anne </ wasmoft feelingly lamented by her Royal Sifter, 
I>enintrk*5clie Princc(s Anne of Dcnmnrkj, who upon this (ad oc- 
jiffliBtm. cafion, forgot the ftvere Ufiige that had obliged her 
to leave the Court, and to live in anobfcure Retire- 
ment, more like a private Perfon in Difgrace, than 
the Heir apparent to the Ctown. Her Royal H5gh- 
nefs's RJtentment being quite drown'd in ner Grief, 
If Lettir^^ wrote a Letter to the King, "Wherein fhe 
rdvir, Wil-'* '^Sg'd his Majefty's favourable Acceptance of her 
*'* fincere and hearty Sorrow, for his great Afflifti- 
^ on, in the Lois of the Queen ; and did afliire his 
'* Majefty, fhe was as fenfibly troubled with this 
** Misfortune, as if fhe had never been fb unhappy 
** as to fall under her Dilpleaftre. Her .Higbnefi 
** did likewilc carneftly dcfire his Majefty to give 
•* her leave to wait upon Him, as loon as it could be, 
^' with no Inconveniency to Hiril, and without dan- 
"ger of encreafing his Affliftion, that fhe might 
" have an opportunity her fcif, not only of repeat- 
** ing this, but alluring his Majefty, of her real In- 
•* tendon, to omit no occafion of giving him con- 
•* ftant Proofs of her fincere Refpe£k, and Concern 
•* for his Perfbnal Intereft. This generous Conde- 
fcention in her Royal Highnefi was extrcamly well 
received by the King ; and his Grace, the new Arch- 
bifliop of Canterbury, laying hold on this favourable 
Opportunity to reconcile the Royal Family, repre^ 
fcrited to his Majefty both her Royal Highnefi's, 
and her Royal Confort, Prince George of Denmarl^s 
Prudent and Loyal Conduft, during their Recels 
from Court ; Urging, that, by their Intereft, they 
might have given his Majefty ^confiderable Diftur- 
bance, but that they were fo far from any (iich De- 
jQgn, That thofe Members of either Houfe of Par- 
liaixient, who had Places under their HighnefTes, 
had always appeared foremofl in promoting his Ma<* 
Jefty*s Intereli. Thefe Reaibns, together with th6 
Princefi's Letter work'd fo powerfidly on the King, 


WILLIAM /i&^ Thirl 3 

that hi3 Majefty, as a Mark of his Favour and Affec- C. A 
Itipn^did immediately prefent her Royal Highne(s with 1 6^^. 
inoftofthelateQueea's Jewels J and hie Sorrow forv.*orv-/ 
the lofsof fo.good a Wife, was afterwards much allc- the Royal 
viated by the Reconcilement ot fo kind a Sifter. . family re* 

The Qiicen having lain (bmetirae in State in her concii\d, 
Bed-Chamber ^tlVhifehalty her Funeral was per- ^^* %«/»*' 
formed. onthe fthday of Marcb^ withfuch Magni-f!''^ 
ficence, as cxprefi'd the great Affe6lion which this'y^*^^ 
Rich and Powerful Nation had for that Incompara-^ 
ble Princefs^ Not only her Majefty's Houlhold 
Servants, but all the Judges, Serjeants at Lam^ Lor4 
^ayor and Aldermen of the City of London^ and, 
which rais'd tjiat Mournful Pomp to the higheft 
Pitch of Splendor, both Houfes of Parliament at- 
tended the Royal Corps from Pi^tntehaU to fVeftmin* 
fier- Abbey J where the Arch-bifliop of Canterbury 
preachM a Funeral Oration, in Honour of her late 
Majefty's Blcfled and Piou« Memory. 

The pafling the long- wifli'd-for Bill, /or the fre- ProceedingT 
guent Meeting of Parliaments^ before Queen Marfs l» Paha'^ 
Death ; and even before her being taken ill, was the ^^^: 
moft lucky Hit of King iVtlliamh Politicks, finoe 
thereby he difpell'd the Jealoufieswhidinot only his 
Enemies, but alfb many of his Friends began tio 
cmeriain of the prefent Parliament ; whereas had he 
jiot given his Afient to that A£t, till after the Queen's 
Death, People had not failed to lay that^ he hi4 
been forc'd to it by the neceffity of his Affairs. 

The Commons thus (atisfied, went unanimoufly 
about the Supply, and other important Affairs. Qa * 
the lath oi January it was ordcr'd. That a State aftke 
J^enue^ with the Loans^ Debts and Charges tbereufcn ; 
andlikewife an Account ^the Eftablijhmenty Charge and 
Bxfence <jf the Civil-Li fi^ Jhould be laid before the 
Houfe^ by the CommiJJioners of the Treafuryl and tJxfe 
for Taking and Stating thefublick^ Accounts. The fiid 
State ami Account havmg been communicat«d to 
the Commons, and by tbcm examin'd, T/^ Biil for 
Graming to his Majejly an Aid of four Shillings in tjje 
Pound was brought into form, and anotbe^r Bill tack'd 
to it. For applying the Tearly Sum of jcpop Pounds^ 
for fiwt Tutrj^ mt fifthn Duties arijmg, bj an Aci fif 

' ■ ' ^ B a this 



4 Thi^ Reign 0/ King 

A-. C, this frefeni Stjjhn of Parliament^ tor Gr^ntmgto t^^ 
169J. MajeftiesaSubfidy ofTunnage and Poundage, &c« 
K^Y^^ Theie two Bills, thus made into one, were read the 
third time, paft, and lent up to the Lords on the 
7th o( February ; and by their Lordfliips fent hade 
without any Amendments, on the Eleventh of the 
\tBspMft faid Month. The fame. day the King went to the 
Fc}>. lUh.UppCT Hoiile, and gave his AlTentboth to that, and 
to two otjicr Afts, via^. One for Exempting Ajx)- 
thecaries from' ferving upon Juries^ and other Parijb 
and iVard'Offces ; and another,/0r S^^baktUng the Town 
' of Wzrwtck^ 'and for detertninifig Differences touching 
Hdufes burnt or demolijh^dj iy ^afon of the late dread- 
ful Fire there. 
Accowt f Towards the beginning of this Sefiion of Parlia- 
tbeLtLn^*^^^ the Popijh Lancafhire Gentlemen, tnftead of 
Ihire BhtJ^^'^'^i^^^ Stars for their late Deliverance; and 
'acknowledging the Lenity and Mercy of the pre- 
fent Government, endcavour'dto repreftnt the legal 
Profecution of Ibme of their Party, as a State-Trick, 
and the Contrivance of (bme Courtiers to enrich 
themlelves by the Ruin of others \ and (ubmittcd 
the whole Matter to the Examination of the Houfe 
of Commons. I (hall give a faithful and brief ac 
count of their Defign to fubvert the Govenunenr, 
and of the Proceedings againft them, and then leave 
my Reader to judge, what Reafen they had to rai/e 
' (iich loud Claniours. 
tuntVD/« On the ijthofyi/wtf, 1694. or\t hunt made bis 
ffiim. Difcovcry, and depos'd before Sir John Trenchard^ 
Secretary of State, That he foUow^d the late Kjng James 
' into France, and thence into Ireland ; That from Ire- 
land he xoasfent into England, with CommiJJions from his 
faidMajeJiy to certain Gentlemen in Lancafhire, Che- 
lhire,'OC. toraife War againft Kjng William and 
U^cn Mary ; TAtf/ he and^Georgt Wilfon his Guide^ 
delivered thofe- CommiJJions to whom they were direBed \ 
Wit £/ir Names he mentioned in his Narrative. That 
at the inftance and proper Cofts of thofe Gentlemen $o 
^ Tohom he had delivered CommiJJions ^ he bought Arms, and 

lifted andfubfifted many for the Service of the late Kjng 
Jaibes, in order to an Invafion and InfurreSion in that 
Country i That be was twice font by tbojfi Gentlemen ^to 

- • France 






W Ittl AM theThir^ ^ 

I^rance fp the late Kl^g^ ^ofigmfy their jf{ea4ine/s, and f^^ Q^ 
y^eceive his further Commands ; and that when he was in • if q^ ^ 
Z^ondotiy befides his Employment of biding 4rmsj and 
lifiinz Soldiers^ he helfdfcme Jacobites over to France, 
sindjecur^d others who came from thence y who^ all of them ^ 
^old him^ that generally 5iVjohn Friend^ fumijh*d Mo» 
'neyfor thoje Expeditions^ and f aid Subjijience-Money to 
phem as Soldiers, This Eviclence was confirmed by 
the Teftimony of George Wilfon^ who guided an4 aC 
fitted Lunt in the delivery of King Jamesh Comtfrif. 
£on$, and by the Depohtions and j^davits of jevc- 
ralPerfons, Cfome at great diftance from, and ptter 
Strangers to one another^ all agreeing «in the^^noft 
material Circumftances! of the Lanea^ire Con- 

The Governiqent,, being fully inform'd of, the 
Plot, Warranrsf were iffued out to fcize thc'Con- 
fpirators, and tho'', for the greater (ecrecy, the 
Names pf the Offenders were not put into the War- 
rants at the Secretary's Office, by thofe that drevar 
the Warrants, but were afterwards put in by the 
3ecrctaries thenifelves, yet by fome treacherous 
Correfpondence, the Lancajhire Gentlemen had No- 
tice given them of all Proceedings at London^ 
Thereupon they bjimt' their CommilCons, buried 
their Arrps, ana . other Warlike !^quipage, under 
Ground, and moft of them .fled from their tjabi- 
tations ; however, ihrp', the. extraordinary Care 
and Diligence of Captain Baker^ and others, em- 
ployed in that Service, fome of the Plotters were 
apprehended, and Arms enough found to convince 
the World, that there was a finifter Defign on 
Foot againft the Government. There was like- 
wife found in Mr. Standijh's Clofet, at; the (earch 
made at Standi/k-Hall^ on the,i6th of July 1694. 
the Draught of a Remonftrance or Declaration, , 
to be Printed and PubliQied atKing^^m^/s Landl- 
iflg, which according to Mr. Crosby^ Papers, and 
Mr. Ihbinfon's Depohtions, was to be attempted 
very Ipee^lily. \. 

As inany of the Pejrfons accufed, as could t^e 
Apprehended, being brought up to London^ and ex- 
amined, were, foiqe of them, committed to the 
J B bbs Tower^ 


6 the Rel%n of King 

A. C. Tjtp^, and others to Nervgate^ where they conti- 

1595. nued about a Month. During this time, their 

Vfi^^VN^ Friends and SolUcitors exerted all their Skill and 

Diligence to take ofF the King's Evidence, both by 

* This VMS* ottering theni large Sums of Money ; and, that 

attefled by failing, by finding out Perfons^ who would repre- 

hir. Ba- (ent the King's Witnefles under heinous Chara- 

ker, Mr/, filers, that the Jury might give no Credit to their 

Hcarft, I)epofitions. Many Pcrfbns were pradifed upon, 

^^' V/*'*^^^ o^ whicih refus'd % bale an A6lion ; but o- 

Brown ' — ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ Importunities, and Promifes of 

0nd Mrs, ^^^&^ Rewards were prevail'd with to defame the 

flliot. King's Evidences, both at Manchefier^ and in the 

Parliament Houfe. But that which raifid the great 

Clamour againft the Difcovery of the Plot, was the 

gaining one Taffe^ (alias Thomas O Mullen) an I^Uh" 

man^ to the other fide, which happened in this 


In December 169 J. Lunt came out of France^ and 
being (as he afterwards pretended ) troubled Jn 
Conlcience^ for having engagM in the barbarous 
Defign of Aflaflinating the King, ^ he refblved to 
atone for that Crime, by discovering all he knew 
th it had been a6i:ed5 or was then Plotting againll 
His M^jefty. His coming ov^r was made known 
to Mr, Tnffcy a familiar Acquaintance of Lunt*% 
Wife, and who was reprefented to Lum as a Per- 
(ba that had done fbme confiderable Service to 
the Publick. To him Lunt's Wife had told, That 
her Husband was lately come out o( France'^ which 
made Taffe^, who pretended to be Zealous for the 
GovemmcOt, enquire how Matters flood at St* 
Qermains ? Adding, That if Lunt could Difcovef 
any thing that might be ferviceable to their Ma- 
je(ties, he would introduce hioi to a Perfbn that 
Would receive his Information, Lunt gives Credit 
* to Taffcy (hews his willingnefi to make a Difcove- 
ry, and thereupon Taffe brings him to the Earl of 
Bcllamont^ and vouches for his Honeftyt After his 
^iOrdlhip had beard Lunt's Relation, he Command- 
ed him to wait" oty him ^ain [in two or three 
Days ; which Lunt^ obeying, and his Lordfhip be, 
ing (bu^ewbat ijidilpo^'d, fee (eftt Lunf With a Let- 

WILLIAM thenirJ. 7 

tcr to Sir John Trenchard. Taffe accompanied him A. C 
thitber, and Mx. Secretary^ hearing what Lmt had itf^j*. 
to difcover, firft lent hira into J^fwr, and after- 
wards commanded him to put his Depofitions in- 
to Writing, and bring them to him. Lunt per* 
formed it : Taffe heard all the Information read ; 
aggravated the Crimes, and appeared the moft for- 
ward of any to have th^ Perfons accufcd, brought 
to Juftice; and pretending to be ferviceable in 
knowing the Country and People there, he went 
down into Lancajhlre^ with Mr. Aaron Smithy aiid 
Mr. Ba^er^ and affifted the King's Meffengerg iH 
(earching at Standifh-Hally and other Places. 

Tdffe mewed ah extraordinary Zeal in His Ma- 
jefty's Service, but might have been much more 
uftful than he was, in finding concealed Arms and 
Perfons, if he had made njore ufcofhis Head and 
lefi of his Fingers. The Managers of that Aftair 
and the King's Meflengers, quickly perceiving his 
pilfering Pradifts to be very injurious to the In- 
habitants, and no left (candalous to themfelves, 
were forced to have a$ watchtul an Eye upon him, 
as the Bufinefe they were employed m ; tho* not- 
#ithftanding all their Care, he committed fome 
egregious Felonies. Soon after he came to London^ 
he waited on the Lord BeHamonf, gave his Lord- 
(hip ah Account what Perfons and Arms I^ad beei> 
fcizcd, that (everal Gentlemen had made their e- 
Icapes, and that others abfconded to fccure thenS 
felves ; whereupon the Lord IlkHamonp asked Taffe : 
Ifthiswasthe Bufiuefs Lunt had diftovered? TaJ^' 
anlwercd it was, and that Ijunt was the main E- 
vidence of the Confpiracy ; was very well known 
at the rcfpe6Mye Places he had mention'd in his 
Depofitions, and had done greater Service at his 
being there, if the Lanca/hire Gentlemen had not 
receiv'd Notice from London of their coming, tea 
Days before they came' to Standifh-HaU. This Ac- 
count being given to the Lord BelUmont^ Taffe 
addreft himfelf to Mr. Aaron Smithy and Captain 
Bak^^ for^ the Reward of his Service j but finding 
himfelf flighted and reprimanded for his fcanda- 
low Behaviour j he grew* Angry, and rcfolved to 

p 4 reyenge 

8 ; The Rel^n of King 

A* C iewrigt kimfelf upon the Government^ even to 
1^95. the foiling of the Plot. The Friends, Relati- 
ons and SolIicMrs of the PrilcNiers were no feoner 
acquainted with his Defign, but the Bargain was 
ftruck, and his Terms agreed to ; Twenty Pounds 
IS paid him in Hand, with Afliirance, (as was a£* 
terwards Sworn in the Houle of Lords) of a good 
Annuity for Life, to be fettled in Lancajhire ; and 
leaft he fhould cool, he is immediately fent into 
the 0)untry to be their 0>unter-Evidence, when 
the Trials mould commence at Nfanchefter. 

Having thus gained Tdffe^ and got from unwary 
Lunf the Names of the King's Witnefjes, and thp 
whole Matter of the Evidet^ce, the next Attempt 
for (hamming the whole Plot, was engaging Fer^ 
gnfm to write in Defence of the LdncMfhire Gen-^ 
tlemcn, and to a(perlc their Accufers ; and this 
Stratagem had fiich a notable EfFeft, that the Po- 
fijh Mob at Manchefierj animated by Reading F^r- 
gufon^s Paper, Cwhicn was almoft in every Hand 
in that Country) had refolved to prevent the Tri- 
^s ot the Prilbners, by ftoning the King's Eviden- 
ces to Death ; but tho/e that knew they would be 
acquitted, prcvaiPd with the Mob to forbear the 
Execution of that inhumane Relolution till the 
Trials were end^d. And indeed no (boner was 
the TTrial over, and the Witncflfes leaving the 
Tov/n, but the Mob endeavoured to ftone them 
to Death ; and in iuch a violent and tumultous 
manner, that not only the Witnefles, but a Gen- 
tleman of Coun(el for the King, the King's Profe- 
cutor, and the King's Clerk in ^ the Crowp Office 
very narrowly efcaped with their Lives. 
Tfff Lan- The Trials began an Mambefier the 1 6th of Oflftf- 
cafliir* her 1694, where the King's Evidence proved, That the Priforier^ 4^ the Bar had received Commifi 
j^v V at ji^^ from the late Jf^ng James, ta raife War againfl 
Manche- ^jjg prefent Governpient, and to that end had bough 
Iter. jirms^ lifted and fubfiSted Soldiers at their omt 

Charge, &c 'Tis affirmed that Sir IV. TV. (tho* 
then one of the Councel for the King) endeavour- 
ed to baffle and confound the King's Wimeflcs, 
htj asking them feverat. frivolo^js C^eftions, byt 


\VlhhI AM the fhir J, ^ 

fidling in that^ he required Lunt to point at the A« G* 
fevem Piilbners by Name. In doing this, Lunt 169 i. 
happened to a wrong Man, which mi- Vt^ysO 
ftafcc might h6 occafion'd hjr the Crowd. How- 
ever this I gratified the Popifh Mob, and railed a 
loud Laugh : But xheir Mirth continued not longi - 
for another of the Judges commanding Lunt to 
touch and name all the accufed Gentlemen with 
the Cryers Staff, he named them all right. 

Wimeflcs were afterwards produced ror the Pri* 
loners, but nothing was alledg'd by them, that 
could invalid^e the King's Evidence, favingXij^'s 
Teftimony, who boldly declared: That there was 
no truth iu the fretended Plot, the whole being a 
villainous Contrivance between him/elf and Lunt j 
which (ingle Declaration, without any_ Oath, out- 
weighed the Teftimonies of^the Ten pofitive Wit^ 
nefles for the King ; and thereupon Sir ^ fV. 
the chief Manager o([ the TriaL refiifed any 
more of the King's Evidence to be heard, and thus ^^ ^^ 
the PrUbners were Acquitted, and the ScSion matted. 

Sir^ py. being returned to London, reprefent- 
ed the Plot as a wicked and horrible Contrivance, 
whereupon the Government, in Abhorrence oF 
iiich a Fa6t, immediately orderM the Wirneffcs 
to be profecuted for a Confpiracy againfl: the Lives 
^ and Eftates of the Lancajhire and Chejhire Gentle- 
men. This^ ftrange Turn being given, many of the 
wifer fort of thow that were Friends to the ac- 
cu&d Gentlemen, and dreaded the Coniequence 
of a furdier inquiiy, advii^f}; them to fit down 

auietly, and leave it to the IGfovemment to punifh 
tieir Accuiers, if they (aw fit '; but fome Lawyers 
over-ruled this Advice, and fo the Lancajhire and 
Chejhire Gentlemen brought * the Affair into the* Nov, aa, 
Houie of Commons. '^94- * 

While this Bufineis was depending, (everal Wit* 
nclTes were procured againft the King^s Evidences 
10 Parliament, by down-right Bribery, and bv 
telling them they were nmi to be put to their 
Oaths, and therefboe not being in Danger of Per* 
fUfy, t^ight £ifely and cotifidently tell dl the Sto* 


10 The Reign of King 

A. ^. rics that were dilated, to them. Indife(9:; means 
1 695 . were alfo iifed to afpcrfe the £arl of Macclesfield^ 
at that time ^rd Lieutenant oi the County of 
Lancajhire^ who for being a profeft Friena to the 
Government, the §4cotites thoughtyOfConlcquence, 
yas their mortal Enemy: 

The Houfe of Commons after feveral Hearings, 
RriSt Examinations, and long Debates, which con-< 
* tinned at the (everal appointed times, the fpace of 
Elcren Weeks \ Oh fVeJnefday the 6th of Februarj ; 
*' Proceeded farther in reading the Informations 
** and Papers deliver^ into the Houfe by Mr. -44- 
*^ ton Smithy touching the late Koceedings and 
** Trials in Lanc^ire and ihe/hire. Mr. 
^ Lunt^s Information was read thro* ; as alC> Mr. 
•* pyHlfon's and Mr. ff'ombeU's Informations, and o- 
" ther Papers delivered into the Houfe by Mr. Aa- 
yotes •/ ** ron Smithy were likewife read : among which wttre 
t hi Houfe '^feveral printed Papers, Wncrcupon the Houfe 
ef Com^ «t ^^^ |.Q the following Relblutions ; F/r/?,That there 
^eUU '"/• " ^^^ appear to the Houfe, That there wasfufficient 
/I/Lanct-*' ^^^^^^ f^^ ^^* Profecution and Trials of the Geiu 
fliirc riot. " ^i^^» ^^ Manchefter. And Secondly, That upon 
'''the Informations and Examinations before this 
•* Houfe, it did appear. That there was a dangerous 
** Plot carried on againif the Kjng and Government. 
At the feme time the Commons ordered an k6k 
ck the pretended Parliament of Ireland^ held in the 
Year 1689. K^eo^ni:i(ing the late King James, and 
two Proclamations of the Abdicated Monafth, to 
be burnt by the Hands of the Common* Hang- 
man. BeCoes this, th|^ Honourable Aflembly, at 
ter an CVder frwi tne Houfe, that Mr. Standijh 
of Standi/h'Hall in Lanca/hire fliould be taken into 
Cuftody, and their Meileticer reporting, he was 
not to be found, . Addreft the King to Iffiie out his 
Royal Proclamation for his Apprchenfion. 

This Di/appointment in the Houfe ofCoaunons 
was no fmm Morttficatioa to the 3ac»bitei^ J^}^ 
Hopes o( better Succefe, they lay their Compiaiat 
aUb before the Houfe of Peers, where after £x^ 
amifiipg 9m^ Witocflesi aad many Dcboce^ had, 

W I LLl A U the third, ii 

the Qjieftion being put, Whether the G&vemment had A. Ci 
fujScient Caufe to Profecute the Lancafliire and Che- \6^f;. 
ihire Gentlemen ? Ic was carried in the Affirmative. U^"^%| 
The accufcd Gentlemen had better Succefe at the 
next Lancajler AiCzes, (Auguft 169 f.) where they 
brought on Trials upon an Information of Perjifry 
agaiml Lunt^ TVotnball and Wilfon^ Three of thd 
King*s Witnefles, who were all found Guilty : and 
afterwards indited for a Conipiracy againft the 
Lives and Eftares of the Lancajhire Gentlemen. But 
the latter refufing to furnifh the King's Attorney 
and SoUicitor.General with Wirneffes to prove the 
pretended Perjuries, the Prcrfecutfon was let fall, 
and Lttwf, TVomball and IVtlfon dilcharged. 

The Lancajhire Bufinefs had inade a great Nolle, /^•^^^^/"jpi 
but this Seflion of Parliament is principally re- '« ^^rliom 
roarkable for their ftri6l Inquiry into Bribery ; and^'^J*" 
the timely Check they gave to the (candalousandf^^T *'^* 
moft dangerous Corruption, which had lately '* 
tainted, not only the Agents ot the Army, and 
ftveral Members of the Houfe of Commons, but 
alfb the Sp — of that Aimft Affcmbly , and had 
crept into his Majcfty's rrivj.Council. In the 
Account of thefe corrupt Praftifts, the Reader will 
find mention made of the exorbitant SumsofTeUj^ 
nay, of Fifty Thoufand Pounds; tho' at the firft, 
the Payment of that petty Sum of Ten Pounds, 
or leis, had certainly prevented this Difcoveryj* ' 
the Rife whereof wa$ from the juft Complaint 01 
fome Inhabitants at ^oyfton^ agamft Abufes of Of- 
ficers and Soldiers, in e^a6Hng Subfiftencc Money. 
This * coming by Petition before the Houfe of#j^ 
Commons, and the Petitiotiers, and aUb Mn Tra- ' '' 
cy Pauncefort^ Agent of Colonel Haftin^s\ Regi- 
ment, and the Officers complained of, being heard 
^nd examin'd, it was unanimoufly f Refolved, Thatfj^^ j,^ 
the Officers and Soldiers of the Army Demanding and 
ExaSing Suhjijlence- Money in their Quarters^ or upon x 

their March is Arbitrary and Illegal^ and a great Vio^ * 
iation of the lights and Liberties of the SubjeS ;^ y, 
and thereupon Ordered, 7hat the CommiJJtoners for^^' "*^ 
t^l^ing and fiating the Pnhlic\ Accomfti^ do lay ^tf-fort^Sv 
fore thf Houfe their Obfervationf of the Abufes and iUf. jaceaunt 

: li 'Tfhc Ret^n of King . 

Ji> C* PrdHifes conmined by the Agents of the Regiments of 
.;t69y. fhe Amyi j and that the f aid Agent Pauncefort [hould 
]L^i\d forthwith lay before the Roufe a particular Accompt of 
* all the Moneys received by hjm from the Earl of 

Ranelaugh, and the times offuch J^ceiftSyJince the 
iJSth of May lafi • and how he had Paid the fa;me^ 
and when^ and ta wbomj and what remai^e4 in his 
fiends. , / 

, Puriiiant to this order, |^, Harley^ firom the Com- 
miiiioners for Taking and Stating the Publick Ac^ 
0) Jan. compts, (a) prefentedto the Houie tbdr Obferva^ 
^$fb* cions of the ill Praftices commicted by the Agents ; 
which, being taken into . Confideration, and Mr. 
(h) Jtm. Tr4C7Jp4ii»cir/(?r^ upon bringing in his Account, (^J 
$ptk» .. .examin'd, as alio Colonel Haftings, Major Monteaf, 
1 and Ibme other Officers and Agents; it wasre- 

. (blv'd by the Houfe, IChat Agent Tracy Paunce-^ 
W fort,/<?r negleBing to pay the Subfijience-Money to the 

f)0icers4nd Soldiers that Quartered at Royfton^ having 
Moneys in his Hands to do the fame ^ be tal^en into the 
I Cujiody of the Serjeant at Arms, attending the Houfe^ 

About a Fortnight after Mr. Tracy Pauncefort was 
(#) F«b. again YO cxaminy, and refufing to Anfwer to ft- 
%ttk yergl Qiieftions, tho* requir'd upon pain of being 
Proceeded againft with the utmoft Rigour and Se-. 
verity, it was unanitnouflyrelblv'd, T64f by his Ob- 
fiinate ^fufaij to Anfwer to a Matter of Fa^t d^rnanded 
of him by the Houfe, he had violated the Privilege^ 
and Contemned the Authority of the Houje, and the fun- 
damental Conftitution theratf, for which Offence be 
was immediately Committed Prifoner to the Tower, 
On the I ph of February^ Mr. Tracy Pauncefort peti- 
. . tion'd the Commons for his Difcharge, but being 

again examih'dvahd not giving (atisfa6);ory Anfwers, 
he was renjanded back to the Place of his Con- 
' " His Brother, yit. ^dward Pauncefortj'WSiS ne«* 

' brought upon the Stage, who being Summoned, and 

(d) Feb. (<f) Examm'd by the Houfe, it was refolv'4 That[ 
ifth. he for contriving to Cheat' Colonel Hz&ings^ s Regiment 
<?f yoo Guineas', and for giving a Bribe to obtain the 
Kif^s Bounty, be takpt into the Cuftody of the Serjeant 
4i Arms^ attending the Moufe. . Then imnaediately 

■ - ' ^ follbw'f 

WILLIAM the ThirJ. 13 

followed iMr. H^-y G-y,.^ Member of tbeHoufe, A. C. 
in whofe cafe, upon Confideration of the foremen- 169^. 
tiorfdObferVaiions, it was the lame day refolv'd, W^^S^ 
.That ha for taking a Bribe of aoo Guineas^ be Commit* 
UdPfifiner to tbeTo^er. 

Hereupon^ for Redrefi of the notorious Abufes, 
M PraAices, and intolerable Exaftions of the 
Colonels and their Agents,, upon the inferior Officers (^j ^^^^^ 
and Common-Soldiers, the Houfe agreed (e) upon ^^th. The 
an humble Reprefentation to the King, wherein, cowwoifx 
" they laid before his Majefty, That the Grievance Reprefen- 
" of raifmg' Money, under Pretence of SubftJlence^f^Jion to 
.*' (which is fuch a Violation of the Liberty artd '^' f »r 
** Property of the Subjefts; was in a great Meafure, ^Vj^ij 
•" occafion'd by the undue Praftices of fbme of Ae j^^^^^ 
"Agents, the Particulars of which they ^^gg'^of ^Jr^ 
** leave to lay before his Majcfty. in order to the»^, 
*' more effcaual preventing the like Mifcarriag^s 
•' for the future : They reprefented, L That Ibme 
** of the Agents had detained the Money due to 
" the Soldiers, in their Hands, and made pfe of it 
** for their own Advantage, inftead of immediately 
" applying it to Uic Subfiltencc of the Officers and 
" Soldiers, for whom they were entrufted. II. That 
*' by their intolerable Ejcaftions, and great Extor- 
" tiofls, upon the Officers and Soldiers, for paying 
*' Money, by way of Advance, aikl by their charg- 
" ing more for the difcount of Tallies, thandiey 
•^ aftually paid ; it appeared. That thpfc who ferv'd 
•• in his Majeffy's Armies, notwithftanding, they 
** had a greater Pay, than is given in any other 
*' part of the World ; they were yet reduced to in- 
^' conveniencies and Extremities, which ought not 
" to be put uponthofe, who venture their Lives 
"for the Honour and Safety. of the Nation. IIL 
** That in particular, Colonel HaJUngs had compelled 
** Ibnae Officers of his Regiments, to take their 
*< Cloachsfrom hini at Extravagant Rates, by G»nr 
^^ fining a^d Thrj^atning thofe that would notcom- 
** ply therewith ; by which, the Authority that 
** might be neceflary to be lodged in the Colonel, 
^* over the inCerior Officers, in fome cafes, wa&mif 
V" appli'd, and extended (6 as to promote a private 



14 The Rezgn of King / 

A. C. ^ ^d^antage of his own, without any regard to 
x4$f. *^ his Majefty^s Service, or to the Diicipline oT 
"the Arnnr, IV. That Colonel Haftings\ Agenc 
^' had prelum'd fraudulently to detain ^ 00 Guine^is 
*' out of a Bounty, given by his Majefty, to the 
•• Officers of that Regiment, under Pretence of 
^ giving them as a Bribe to obtain the fame, to the 
' EHIhooor ol his Majefty, and Injury totheOffi> 
cers : And had taken two Fence per Pound out of. 
the Money due to the Officers and Soldiers j for 
which Dedu£kion, there being no Warrant, the 
CoUonel, whofe Servant the Agent is, was anjfwe- 
rable. V. That Colonel Haftings^s Agent had re 
fiifedor negle<^ed to give an Account of the Pay 
due to the Captains of his Regiment, and their 
^' Companies, which tended, apparently, to the de- 
^^traucUng the OflScers and Soldiers. VI. That 
^^ fome of the Agents afiumM to themfelves, the li* 
berty of making great Deduftions ^ which fince 
they knew not how to juftify, they endeavoured 
•* to cover, by putting them under the Ihelter of the 
** uncertain Head of Comingenciei^ which gave them 
*' the better Opportunity of hiding the Frauds and 
" Abufes, that would otherwife be more liable to 
« be deteded. Vll. That Colonel Haftings had dif- 
*' charged an Enfign, by putting another into his 
**Room, contrary to the true Difcipline of an > 
^VArmy ; from which the Colonels have no Right 
*' to exempt themfclvcs, to enlarge their own AU- 
•* the Prejudice of his Majefty 's Service, 
^*and or the Othcers that ferve under them. 
VIIL That Colonel Haftings had taken Money 
for the recommending to Commands in his Regi« 
" ment, to the great Difcouragement oi the Officers 
** who were to ferve in his Majefty 's Armies, who 
ought to be (ucb asde(erv*d their Commands, and 
not (iich as paid tor them. Which things they 
moft humbly reprefented to his Majefty, in Con- 
fidence of having them redrels'd by hb Majefty's . 
Juftice and Wildora. 
(/) March This f^ftefentation being prefented (f) to the 
^thJkisMa^Ykxng by the whole Houfe, his Majefty was pleas'd 
jtfifs jtum CO Aniwer, Tihat hf muld cmfid^r i>, an4 $akp all Cm 
hit. - ^ fojfihk 

, WILLI AM the third. ; j^ 

pofphk to have the Grievances B^edrefs^d. Accordingly f^ q 
CJoloncl Haftings was immediately Calhier'd, and his kJo/ 
Regiment given to Sir John Jacob^ his Lieutenant v^^yN^ 

Sometime * before the King, in Council, was«pg^ ,g^ 
pleas'd to order the chief, Officers of the Army to 
meet twice a Week, ( v/j{. every Wednefday and Sa^ 
turday ) at the great Chamber at the Horfe Guards 
at PVhiteball^ to receive and examine all Informati- 
ons and Complaints that fhould be brought before 
them, of any Wrong or Injury done by any Officer 
or Soldier of his Majefty's Land-Forees, in order 
toredrefsthe ^me* Ana on the lyhoi March was 
publifh'd his Majefty's Declaration for the ftrift Dit 
cipline of the Army, whereby in particular, all Offi- 
cers and Soldiers were ftriilly forbid, to exa<9: or 
demand Subfiftence Money in their Quarters, or on 
their March. 

To get a further infight into the ill Praftifes df 
the Colonels and their Agehts, Mr. James Crag^j^ 
one of thq Gontrafters for the Clothing of the Army^ 
was (ummoned to attend the Houie of Commons ; 
but upon his Refufal, to produce his Books, and to 
beexamin'd before the Commiffioners, for taking 
and ftating the publick Accounts, (hereby ob(lru6):- 
ing the inquiry of the Houfe into the Dilpofel pf 
the publick Monies, it was refolvy, C^) That he, .j^ ^ 
be committed Prijoner to the Tower <?/ London. On^^{ 
the 26th ofMarch^ Mr. Harky^ reported the further "^ 
Examination of Mr. Edward Paunctfort^ and that ' 
Mr. Richard Harnage^ another of the Contrafters for 
Clothing of the Army, had refus'd to be examin'd 
upon Oath, before the Comnriifioners for taking, 
and ftating the Publick Accounts, whereupon it was 
order'd. That a Bill be brou^t in to oblige Mr. Ed- 
ward Pauncefort, to difcover how he diffos^dthe^ Monks 
paid into his Hands, Helatingto the Arniy^ and for fu^ 
nijhing him, in cafe he (hould not makp fuch Di/iavery^ 
and that Mr. Tracy P^uncfort, Mr. James Craggs, 
Mnd Mr. Richard Hamage, be included in the fiUd 
Bill. Not many days after Mr Hamage was alfb (li}f h) \^ 
order'd to be taken into the Cuftody of the Serjeantprii i, 
at Arms, attending the Houfe. 


t6 the Reign of King 

A. C. About the fame time aloud Out-cry of Bribery 
^^9S' ^^srais'd againftthe Connnlilioners for Licetifinf 
l^VXi Hackney-Coaches, and the Houfe ot Comraotis ha- 
Proeiidwgs ving appointed a Cpmmittce to 'examine che JMat- 
0gMinft tbittt^ upon the 8th of March they made Report tK> 
CtmrniJJk* the Houle, That fever al of the CommmiJJioners for L,i'» 
^"^^ ir c^^Z^^^^h^ Codchis. had, by receiving Bribes^ and 
Hset^m ^ ^^^y HwAtf -^eanSp aSed corruptly and arbitrarily^ 
•aclHt. contrary to the Authority and Truft repoid in thefn^ ij^ 
AS of Parliament. Thereupon the Houfe ordered 
the Committee tq diftinguilh the CommiiSoners^ 
which they accordingly did -, and by their Report 
of the xotn of thejime Month, Hemy Ajhurfi^ and 
Walter Overbury^Cqs : two of the CommilConcrs, 
weni honourably clear d ; and the others, vi:(. HefU 
ry Kjllegrev/t Ifenty fillers znd Richard Gee Efquires, 
de</lar'd Guilty, upon which the Houfe Refclv'd, 
That an Addrqfs be made to his Majefty^ io^ refhove 
them from the QoimmijRonfor Licenpng Hacl^neyXoaches^ 
which was accordingly done, and they were re- 

From thefe finall Beginnings a common Murmur 
arofe, that an Univerfal Corruption had over-(pread 
the Nation ; That Cburt, Camp and City, nay, 
the very Parliament it felf, were infeSed. Awa* 
ken'd by this Alarm, the Houfe of Commons began 
to refle£l: upon the Wildom of their AnccflorS, and 
to confider what Meafiires they had taken upon* the 
like Occafions, to check an Evil which fo manifeft- 
ly tended to the Overthrow of the Confiitution, and 
the Ruin of the free Government of this Nation ; and 
refolv'd to fcarch into the Bottom of this reigning 
Contagion. Accordingly upon the 7th of March^l^ 
Houic appointed Paul Foley Efq; Sir F(ichard Ot0ow^ 
John Pollexfen Efq; Sir John Thor^fon Foot^ Onflow 
E(q; Thomas Pelham Efq; Sir Samuel Bernardiflon^ 
Thomas Wharton Efq; and Francis Gwi^ Efq ; as a 
Committee to infpe<9: the Books of the Eaft-lndia 
Company, and or the Chamberlain of London^ 
and impower'd them to fend for Perfbns and Pa^^ 




WILLIAM the third. t? 

Orv the 1 2th of March Mr. Foley reported from the C. A. 
faid Commitcee, That as fbon as they came to the i^pf. 
Eafl'India Houfe thejr call'd for an Account of allv>^Y^ 
Monies paid for the fpecial Scr^^ice of the Com^VL- Rc^rt of 
ny, upon Perufel of which obferving. That the tktCommit^ 
greatefl- Payment was in the Yeat 1693: ^h^yteeofthe 
fearch'd for the Orders for the iffuing of that Mo^- Hfl«A of 
ney, the chief of which were, one dated the 1 3th of ^^^^om, 
April 1693, another dated thea4th of November J^93/f p 'Jf/* 
and another the xxd of January 169'^, in puffuance^. ^*"^"2 
of which, the Sutnsof 2227J /, 24983 /. and 30000/.^^* /^'^^** 
were feverally paid out of the Cafh, amounting irt -'* 
all to 772^8 /. Befides feveral fmaller Sums, amouncw 
ing in the whole to 10144/. Which with the fori- 
raer Sum, makes S7402 /. All iffued in the Year 

1693, while Sir Thomas Cooke was Governor, and 
Francis TyJIen E(quire, Deputy Governor, tor the 
fpecial Service of the H©ufe, and obtaining a new 
Charter. That they found by Examination of moft 
of the Perfbns prefent at the Committees of the 
Baft'India Company, where the faid Orders were 
made : That the Governor in the faid Committees 
did only, in general, inform what Sums he had dff^ 
burft, without naming the Particulars to whom, or 
to what Service J whidhfeveral of them (aid was ^ 
new Courft, fince Sir Thomas Cool^czmt to be Depu- 
ty-Governor, or Governor. That in a State of the 
Company's Cafh, dated at the £^y? I«A'4 Houfe the 
7th of March 169?, and drawn up by feveral Mem- 
bers of the Company empowet'd for that purpofe, 
near all the aforefiid Sums were obferv'd to be paid, 
^nd placed to the Company's Account of Charges 
general, paid out of Cam, vi:{. In 1688 and 1689, 
Sir Benj amin Bathurfi Governor, and Sir Jo/iah Child 
Deputy Governor, 2230 /. 14. /..In 1696 and 1691. 
Sir Jofeph Heme Governor, and Sir Thomas C^'ioke l3e* 
puty Governor, 1 3^32/. 9 s. In 1692 aftd 1693. 
Sir Tho. Cooj^e Governor, and Mx.Tyjfen Deputy 
Governor 874 02 /. 1 2 s, in the whole 1 03 1 fiy /. i y r. 
That upon EKamination of the Compj^ny's Caih- 
Book, having found the Ballance the 3 1 ft of Ociober 

1694, was 124249/. they demanded of Mr. Port* 
man'% the Calhicr, if he had the fame in Ca(h ? 

Ccc That 

it The Reign of Kiftg 

A. C That he replied, he had not, but inftead thereof, 
\6^f. laid before them in Writing, that 90000/. was lent 
upon Sir Thomas Cookis Notes, (which be produced) 
with other Particulars, which made up the abovc- 
mention'd Ballance. That in his Note Sir Thomas 
Coo^e own^d the Receipt of 90000 /. which he Had 
disburft and paid For 99197 Pounds Stock in the Eaffr^ 
India Company for their Account ; tho* they did 
not find any Warrant for the laid Sum, or any of 
that Stock transfcrr'd in the Company's Books /or 
their Account, exceeding 18300/. Stock the i^th 
of January 169^. The Committee ot the Houfe of 
Commons further reported. That they found a Con- 
trad dated the a6th oiBebruary 1^93. for 200 Tun 
of Salt Petre, to be brought home in the Ship Sey- 
mour^ from India to pay 1 2000 /, for the fiime, and 
%$L Freight /»ffr Tun, befides all Charges here. That 
aooo /, which was the Sum fent out to parchafe 
the (aid Salt Petre, was aftually paid out of the 
Company's Calh, and chata Bond for the remaining 
1 0000 /. was given under the Seal of the Company, 
payable the lift oi March 1695, whether the Ship 
arrived in, falety or not ; with this Limitation only. 
That if aoo Tun of Salt-Pctre be not laden upon 
the (aid Ship, than to repay in proportion to the 
want thereof ; (b that the Rc(ult of this ContracS: was. 
That the Company ran the Adventure of 1 2000 /, 
for that which coft only 2000 /. and muft con(e. 
quently lofe 12200 /. if the Ship mifcarried. And on 
the contrary, the Seller, on the other hand, got Ten 
Thou&nd Pound clear,* without disburling or rutt- 
ing the hazard of one Penny ; and what is )ret more, 
a certain lo(s of 9 or 1 0000 /. would attend it, if the 
Ship arriv'd in Safety. That the Committee having 
examined the Members of the Company concerning 
this Contraft, they ow^'d it to be true ; That the 
aooo/. was paid, and the loobo/. Bond given to 
Mr. Tho. Coljion. That about the fame time this 
ContraA was made, (b many of the Interlopers as 
would fell cb^ir Shares in the Interlopers to the ^ajl^ 
India Company, were allow'd their firft Coft, and 
2,f I, per Cent Advance; which was done by giving 

them Credit for (o much in the Baftjndm Books. 

, ^ - >- That 

WILLIAM the ThirJ. 19 

That the Commictce found Sir 54wa«ff/D^ipW, Sir A C. 
^ohnFleefj John Perry ^{q '^SxTjof^pb Heme, and Sir t6^f. 
Tho, C^oi^tf^were prefent at the Coarc of Comniittces, 
when the Orders aboVementioned were made, but 
they being all Members of the Houfe of Commons, 
the Committee did not think fit to examine them* 
That the reft of the Committees, who were prefent 
at making thofe Orders, and moft of whom had 
been examWd) could give no Account of the Dit 
polil of the Mony iffued out during the time of Sir 
§ofeph Herne^ and Sir Tho. Cookers Government ; but ; 

only that the feme was paid for fpecial Service ; 
and that a great part thereof was put into the Hands .^ 

of Sir Bafil Firebrafs. : That one of them, vijf. pif Sir Benja- 
Bcn/nmin Bathurft feid, Sir Jofefh Heme had theminBa- 
. greatcft part of the 13932/. 9i. to difpofepf; and thurft^£ar* 
SKBemamin Brf/Awr^ would have calPd for an At. amifiatian 
count thereof, but Sir Tho. Cocke defir'd he would '"'^•f'*'^^' 
not; That the Company*s Committee of Nine, had ^^^^*^^* 
often caird upon Sir Tho. Coolie to* give an Account t^ 
whom he had diftributed the Money he receiv'd^ 
which he had fome time promised, and afterwards 
dedin'd to do : So that the Secret of that Service, and 

the placing of that Money, lay principally with 
Sir Tho. Cooke, and 5ir ]ofeph Heme.Thzt Sir Benjamin 
Btff Awry? finding fo great a Sum as 30000/. charg'd 
for fecret Services, he had feme warnx Difcourfe 
with Sir TAo. Co(>^e about it, toknpw how itwasdift 
burft : But Sir Thomas refus'd to gi^e him any Particu- 
lars^and told hhn) he Chould reni^mber he was bound 
by his Oath to the Company to keep thelf^ Secrets ; 
To which Sir Benjamin repljcd, He was iMder phi 
Jame Obligation, to he true to the Intereft of the Comm r 

fany\ Sir Btffi//«i»/» B4/A«rif further ftid. That about 
April 1694, underftanding that they were in want of 
Money, he look'd into the Ca(h-Book^ which caft- 

ing up, he found a confiderabie Sum in Cafh, and 

taking fome Perfons with him, difcours'd Sir 7fe»* ,r^ 

Cofikp srtxJUt It, who laid, tkt 50000 \. he had recnv^i^ 

^as to gratify feme Perfons in cafe the Bifl fhould pafs. 

As for ilie Contrail about Salt Petre, Sir Benjamin 

Batburfl faid, that it was made fey Sir ifjo. Ceckf, and 

C C c ^ Sir 

• zo • The ^ Reign of King 

A. C. Sir BafilFirebraff^ but he knew nothing of it till it 
169 y . came into Court. 
\,^y^^/^\J The Committee likevvife reported, That Sir Ba^ 
y?/ F/rtf^<(/} being examin'd, own'd he had received 
upwards of 1 60G0/. which was for buying Shares of 
Stocks, and oi which the Company had allow'd : 
But (aid he knew no ground the Committee of Nine 
had to (ay, that a great Part of the other Sums were 

Put into his Hands. He confefled he invited fevcral. 
*er(bns to come into the Company ; and offer'd to 
lay down Money for feveral; and that if they liked 
it not at the Years end,ihe would then take it off their 
Hands, which Ofter he made to Members of the Houfe 
if Commons^ among others ^ SLud gave an account to 
the Company of his doing lb, who promised to in- 
demnify him. That concerning the Accommo- 
dation, with the, Interlopers^ the Company had a 
Letter from the Lord Nottingham, That it waj the 
Icing's Pleafure^ that they fhould Oime to an Agreement 
with the Interlopers, That the Propofal to them was 
ay per cent, for bringing in their Stock to the Compa- 
ny, and one half or the Profit befides; which one 
halt of the Interlopersj^ccepicd ; but Mr. Godfrey^ 
. and fome others, (landing upon ^o per Cent. Mr. 
Colfion went ofFwith them, and did not. come into 
the Company. That Mr. PVnrd faid it was agreed 
by the IntsrJopers^ that only acoo /. fhould be em- 
ployed in buying of Salt-Petre ;, That Mr. Colfton was 
to have the advantage of it,* which he believ'd, was 
not for Mr. Colfton himfelt, hut for feme other Gentle* 
man\ and laftly, that the original inducement to the 
leave of the Iw/m'o/^er/ going out, was that Agree- 
ment with Mr. Colilon. 
Report of The fame Committee pf the Houfe of Commons 
the fame reported, That having in(pe6i:ed the Chamberlain 
Committee o\London\ Books ; they found an Order made by a 
hcl^ '^ Committee of the Common- Council, for the City of 
ierl'f ^^dony ("appointed to confider of Ways and Means 
London. (atisfying the Debts due to the Orphans of the. 

(aid City) and dated the 12th of February 169^^, by 
, which Mr. Chamberlain was direfted to pay to 
Sir John Trevor, Speaker of the Hou(e of Commons^ 
the, Sum ofi 000 Guineas, (b (bon as a Bill were pafs'd 


WILLIAM the Thin/. li 

into an Aft of Parliament, for (atisfyinjg the Debfs A. -C* 
of the Orphans, and other Creditors orthefiid Ci» .169^. 
ty, which Sum was paid and deliver'd to Sir Jobn\ 
Trevor, on the xzd oijune 1694, in the prefence of 
Sir ^bcrt CUytoriy and Sir James Houbkn, That they 
obferv'd, that the Order of the Committee qt the 
Common Council, which now flood dated the tzth 
of February, was at firft dated the i:^xk\ oi February, 
and that the Pcrlbn named therein, was put in a dif- 
ferent Hand : That examining who firft writ the 
Warrant, Mr. Barren, the City SoUicitor, own'd 
at was his Hand- Writing; and at firft fiid, that be 
believ'd the Blank at firft left therein, was fiU'd up 
,wich the Speakers Name before the Committee 
fign'd it, becaufe he believ'd they would not fee 
their Hands to a Blank : But all the Committee whp 
fign'd it, and who appeared upon Summons, de- 
clar'd moft of them pofitively, that there was a 
Blank for the Peribn's Name, when they fign'd it, 
and the reft being doubtful, Mr. Borrei then (aid 
the Blank might be fiU'd up afterwards, tho' he 
jcould not tell the time; however he own'd he fiU'd 
it up with another Pen. That they found another 
Order of the (aid Committee dated the a6th of April 
1693, directing the Chamberlain to pay to Paul 
JodreU Efq ; the Sum of 100 Guineas, tor his Pains 
at)d Service in afliftijig the Orphans Bill to pafs in 
Parliament; which Sum was paid him the xxd of 
June 1694. That in the Chamberlain's Books were 
^nter'd (everal Sums paid to Mr. Borref, to defray 
the Charge of drawing the Bill, making Copies 
thereof, and of the Petitions and Orders relating to 
the fime ; amongft which Payments they found f 
Guineas paid to Mr. SoUicitor General, for his 
Advice therein, f Guineas to Mr. Harc^urt, ao Gui- 
neas to Mr, Hun^erford, Chairmen of the Grand 
Committee, for his Pains and Service, and 60I 9 s. 
p Mr. Jodrelt. That they underftood, that the Or- 
phans for the procuring of this Bill, had given Bond 
to Mr. Smith, and Mr. Charles Nois, to allow theni 
1 2. J. in the Pound, wlien the Bill was pasf d, for 
their Pains and Charges in that matter, which Con- 
^fa£^ being made void in that Bill, the Court of AI- 

C c c 3 derniea 


the ReigH of King 

A. C dermen Were iinpower'd to fatisfy them their real 
1 6^ ^4 Expences. That upon this SmUh and Ncis applied 
themfelves to.the Court of Aldermen, and got a Pe- 
tition to be figned by many o\ the Orphans, that 
they were willing, notwithftandingtheA^oi Par- 
liament, they (hould be allowed 1 2. ^. in the Pound. 
That the (aid N»is and Smith brought in a Bill to the 
Committee of the Common-Council, of their Char- 
ges, amounting to ;4f 7 Li6s. but as was alledg'd 
they pretended to be more than ten thouiand Pounds 
out of Purfe ; by which Argument they got Subcrip- 
tions to the (aid Petition ; m which Bill there was 
charged 16^0 1 . paid to Mr. Getrffe Finch^ for car- 
rying on the A6t. That Mr. Kois and Mr. Smith 
being examinM, they did utterly deny that they had 
given any Money to any Member of Parliament on 
the Account of the laid BilU or knew of any to be gi- 
ven, but they were willing to get what they could, 
having taken a great deal of Pains in long SoUiciting 
the (ame ; and that they did (ay, that norwithfland- 
ing they charged 16 $0 /. to be paid Mr. George Finch^ 
yet they had not paid him any Money; but having 
deHver'd up his Bond for the i a^. in the Pound, they 
vmued his Share of the Orphans Dcbr to amount to 
that Sum. Th^lMv. George Finch being examin'd, 
did deny to have received any thing from Mr. Nois 
and Mr; Smithy or his paying any Money to any 
Member of Parliament: But wavering in his Difc 
courfe, and being again ask'd if he ever did dilhri- 
bute, or knew of any Money diftributed on account 
of the Orphans Bill, he (aid, it was a hard thing to be 
dsk^dfuch Queftions ; That however he ownM, that up- 
on Suggeftion, that there were Obftruftions to the 
Bill, which muft be remov'd by Money^ he applied 
himfelf to (everal of the Orphans, and did receive 
% 00 /. from Mr. ]ohn Chadmcl^, 1 00 /. from Mr. Harve;^^ 
100 /.from iMr. Scott, foL of Mr. Jferwe, and had a 
Promifeof 100/. from Sir ]ohn Smith, which was 
not yet paid. And laftly, they reported, that Mf. 
Chadwie^2ind Mr. Heme, proy'd the Payment of th^' 
Money to Mr. George Finch, but could give no Ac- 

counf what he had done wi^h it. 

W I L L I A M /^^ ThirJ. %i 

The Commons having debated and weighed thefe A. C 
Reports came to this Rtfblution : Tba^ Sir John i6^^, 
Trevor, Spgakcr of the Houfe, receiving a Gratuity ofL^^^^U 
I cop Guineas, frwn the City of London, after faffing of Sir John 
the Orphans Bill, was Guilty of a high Crime and Mif- Trevor, 
demeanour. . 'l^tdGuiL 

Sir ?*iw Trei;<?r abfenting himfclf from the Houfe,^^!^*^'^^ 
the Commons on the 14th of March refolv'd to V'^^'UiTdem 
ceed to the Eleftion ofa new Speaker ; andSir Hho.^^l^ ^'^ 
mas Littleton^ and PW Foley Efq; were proposM.Pau] F«- 
The Majority enclin'd to chufe the former, but MxAtychofen 
H^rton^ Comptroller of the King's Houfhold. ha- S^^^i^r 
ving fpoken in his Behalf, the Commons did rrom Mtrcb 
therxe preftime that SixThomas Littleton was altoge^ *4^*- 
ther in the Court Intereft, and thereupon Ele£led 
Mr. Foley ^ whofe Choice the Majority approv'd inc 
next day . 

On the I $th of M4rcA the Commons prop^eded'^'Vj. Tre- 
upon the forementioned Reports, afnd r^folved, ^^"^ ^^ 
That Si^ John Trevor, their late Spe^er, being Guilty ^'^^^ ^^' 
of a high Crime and Mi/demeanor, &C. be e^pelled^^^'^ ••' 
the Houfe. Two Days after they pafltd another Jj^.'^JJ''' . 
Vote, That pyhofoever fhould dif cover any Money or j^^^^ • 
other Gratuity given to any Member of the Houfe, for 
Matters tranfahed in the Houfe relating to the Qr» 
fhans Bill, or the Eaft-India Con^pany, fhould have the 
Indemnity of the Houfe for fuch Gift ; and ordered, 
*That Mr. Charles Nois and feveral others ihould at- 
•'tend the Houfe the next day. Mr. Nois attended Proceedings 
accordingly, and being examined, it was refolv'df a/^ainft Mr. 
That he having, to feveral Perfons^ pretended he was outNois. 
of Purfej or engaged to give great Sums of Money to 
Several Members of ,the Houfe, in order to pafs the 
Orphans Bill, which on his Examination be denied to 
have given or promifed, had been an occafion of Scan- 
dal to the Hot^fe, and the Members thereof And 
thereupon it was ordered that the fiid Mr. Nois be 
taken into the Cuftody of the Serjeant at Arms, 
attending the Houfe. 

On the x.6th of March, it was refolved |by ^t And again f 
Commons, That Mr, Hungerford, one of their Mem-ht. Hun? 
bers, having Received 20 Guineas for bis Pains 4;f^gerfor4. 
$e^i€e as Chairman of the Committe^ tof the Houfe, to 

C P c -^ Tfhm 

24 Tf^^ ^^(g» ^/ ^i'fg 

A. G. w^<^ ^/jff Orphans BIS was commined, was Guilty of 
1695:. ^ /-^'l?^ CriW und Mifdeameanor ; <««</ ^^4^ he he ex- 
iyy\j feliid the Hcufe, The (ame day, it was ordered, 
yf/ i»//9 /»- 'That Sir Tho. Cooke, 4 Member of the Hcufe ^ do^t've 
faivftSir an account how the%j^ox\. mentioned in the sporty 
Thomas ippas diftributed ; tvhich refufing to do, he was there* 
Cooke, upon committed Prifoner to the Tower of London ; 
and a Bill was ordered to be brought in, to ob- 
lige him to make the (aid Difcovery. On the x8th 
or March, the Bill was prefenteci, received and 
read the firft time • the Cafliier to the Eaft India 
Company ordered to produce the Warrants 
for the Sums mentioned in the Report to be paid 
for Special Service ox Charges General-^ and the Cori- 
traft for Salt Petre, ofi'ered to the Houfe by Mr. 
Coltfon, read and examined. The next day 
the Bill was read a fecond time, and committed to 
a Committe oi the whole Houfe, and the Cafliier 
of the £/7/^/«^/^ produced the Warrants according 
to Order. On the 30th of March Sir Ba:(il Fire- 
brafs delivered in an Account of Moneys by hira 
paid, upon Account of the Eaft-India Company, 
which was examined, and Sir Tho.Cool^e petirion'd the 
Houfe that he might »be heard by Counfcl, before 
the Bill againft him/hould pafs, which was granted. 
Upon the zd, of ^pril the Commons, in a Grijmd 
Committee, went thro' the Bill, to oblige Sir Thomas 
Cooke to account ; made feveral Amendments to it, 
and order'd it to be reported the next day. Accord- 
' ingly on the ?rf. of yipril, Mr. Bridges reported the 
Amendments made to that Bill, which were agreed 
unto, and the Bill fo ariiended order'd to be en- 
grofs'd. Upon the 6th of the fame Month, Sir 
*Tho. Coolie's Counfel having been heard, the Bill a* 
gainft him was read the third time, and pafs'd j^ and 
t Me roas ftnt up to the Lords for their Concurrence. 
Marquifs At the firft Reading ot this Bill in the Houfe of 
o/Garmar. Lords, the Duke t Ot Leeds, Prefident of His Ma- 
t hen, ^rt<^ jefl-y'g Privy-Council, fpoke vehemently againft it, 
:W).tx^*^//^ j^^^jj^ introduced his Difcourfe by a fblemnPro- 
^ /^««^ ^^^^^fl-ation of his own Innocence, and Difintcrefted. 
l^ f nefi in this Mattery which anticipated Apology 
j6qI forhimfclf, together with the abhorrence offb noi. 
-ceffary a jLav, bfg^n tp railc great Sufpicions a- 
••■•■• ' --.^ ■■ gamlt 


^ W I L L I A M ^i&^ third, . xf 

Wmft his Grace/ On the i jth 6^ April their Lord- ^ . q^ 
Slips ftnt a Meffage to the Houfe of Commons, > 
to defire them, that Sir Tho. CooKc^ a Member ot , \22^ 
their Houfe, an 4 npw a Prilbner in the Tower^ 
might be permitted and ordered to appear at the 
Bar of the Lords; whereupoti the Commons or- 
der*d that he (hould attend their Lordfliips, as dc* 
fired. Sir Thomas Cooke being brought upon his Pe- 
tition to the Bar of the Lords, he declared him- 
(elf ready and very willing to make full Difcovc- 
ry, and (aid, he would have done it before in the 
Houfe of Commons, if he could have obtained 
there ;an indemnifying Vote. Thereupon it be^ 
Ing demanded of him what he would be indem- 
nified from? Heanfwer'dj.AU Actions and Suits, 
except from the Eaft-India Company, whom if he 
had injured, he would be bound to undergo the 
greateft Rigour ; and from Scandaium Magnatunu 

Sir Thomas Cooke being withdrawn, the Duke of 
Leeds ftood up, and declared, '' He was very 
** glad that Gentleman was come to (uch a Tem- 
** per, as to be willing to difcover, whereby that 
" Bill was prevented, which his Grace efteemed 
" of fo pernicious a Nature. His Grace minded 
** their Lordfhips, how the Commons took care 
" of the Reputation of their Houfe, in asking Sir 
*' Tho, Cooke ^ PVbether he had diflrihuted any Money 
*' among any of their Members ? Who purged theiQ 
** by a (blemn Proteftation, that he had not ; His 
** Grace therefore thought it feafonable the Lords 
" fliould have feme regard to themfelves, and 
"moved, that Sir Tho. Cook^ might be called in, 
" and asked, Whether he were willing upon Oath 

to purge all that fat there? Tnis MotioQ 
being reje6led , the Lords refblv'cl, that the 
Bill fent up from the Commons againfl: Sir 
Tho. Cooke, (hould not be proceeded upon, but 
appointed a Committee to qr^w yp a Bill to In- 
(lemnifie him. 

That Committee being withdrawn, and having 
made feme Progrefi, notice came from Sir TAo. 
Cookfj that he was afraid he might be miiappre* 
hepcled as to what he (aid concerning a Piicove- 


%6 The Reign of King 

A. C- ly, in that he ftid he was mlling and ready j fqr 
itfyj- by readj^ he only meant willing: and that he 
V^i^f%^ (hould need at leaft four Months to make the DiC 
covery he promtfed. This was highly refented by 
fome of the Lords of the Committee, who imme- 
diately moved that the Committee might rile and 
report to the Houfe this freOi Matter, and the 
Trifling of Sir Tho.^ Cooke, Co that the Bill defigned 
to oblige him to give an Account might now pro- 
ceed ; but (bme Lords mollified this, and Sir Tho. 
Cooks, begging a favourable Treatment, and enga* 
ging to, difcovcr wiphin Seven Days, the Com- 
mittee went on with the Bill to Indcmnifie himfiom 
jiSibns which he might be liable to^ by reafon of his 
Difcoverjfj to whom he diftributedfeveral Sums of Mo* 
'JEi$- pafi ^^ therein msntioned^ &c. which having paft both 
April aa. Houfcs by the 19th of Afril^ received the RoyaJ 
Aflent on the^.2;jKl of the fame Month. At the 
7^^ , lame time, Kis Majefty confirmed feveral * other 

^«^^'^^ publick 
ARs were n - ' 

I. An AB for enabling fuch Perfons as had Eftates for Life in An-- 
fiuities fay able by fever al AUs therein mentioned^ to fur chafe and ob^ 
tain further or more certain Inter efts infuch Annuities \ and 
in . default thereof for admitting other Perfons to purcbafa or 
obtain thefame, or raifing Moneys to 'carry on the War. a. An 
AB for granting to His Majefty certain J^ates and Duties upon 
Marriages, Births 4w<f Burials, and upon Batchelors, 4«<3? Wi- 
dowers, for the Term of ^ive Tears. .^. An AH for granting to 
His Majefty feveral additional Duties upon Coffee^ lea^ Choco^ 
late and Spices^ towards Satisfatfion of the Debts due for Tranf 
fort-Service^ for the l^duBion of Ireland. 4. An AEl for the 
more effeSiual fuppreffing propbane Curfingand Swearing, j. An 
AB for Continuing two former ASsfor punifhing Cheers and 
Soldiers J &c. 6. An AH for^ explaining and regulating feveral 
DoubtSy Duties and Penalties in the laie AH for granting feveral 
i>uties upon Vellum, Parchment and Paper ; and for afcertaining 
the Admeafurement of the Tunnage of Ships. 7. An AH for raifing 
the Militia of the King^dom, for the Year i ^9 r. and for re- 
pealing the Statute of the zd and jd Years of King Bdnard 
the Vlth, intituled, >iw AH for Shooting ih Hail-Jhot. 8. An 
AH for continuing feveral Laws therein mentioned. 9. 4n AS^ 
for the better Admeafurement of Kfels, and Kjel-Boats, in the 
Port of New-CafHe, and the Members thereunto belonging, iq, 
And an Aii for making Salt-water fiefh. 


W I L LI A Mthe thirJ. %j 

publick and private Bills, and then twk, ^hii Oe^ A. C* 
cafion to pell both Houfes ^ that the Seafon ef the Tear M6pf^ 
was fo far advanced^ and the Cirvumftances of Affaif^s V^^^Xi/ 
werefo pr effing^ that he very earnestly recommended to The Kings 
phem the ffeedy difpatching fuch Bufinefs as they Speech to 
thought ef mtJift Importance for the FublUk, Goodj be^hthHmfet^ 
fauje he mt{/l put an end to this Sejjion in a few 

Days. : 


As foon as the Aft to Indemnifie Si^ Tha. Cookp 
was paft, the Lords, by a Meflage, acquainted 
the Houfe of Commons, That they had refolved 
to ' nominate Twelve of their Houfe to be of the 
Committee of Lords and Commons appointed by 
the (aid Aft, whereupon the Commons rcfolv'd. 
That Twenty four of their Houfe (liould be of 
that Committee, and order'd that Sir Tho. Cook? 
(hould attend the (kid Committee the next 
day. ^ 

On the ajd oi April Sir Tho: Cook? appeared be-^ 
fore the Committee, and being Sworn, ne deliver- 
ed to them in Writing his Di(covery of the IX(^ 
po(al and Application of the Sums of $7000 /; and 
90000/. In the Account of the 67000 /. the Suni 
of 1 0000 /. was mentioned to be deliver'd to Fran^ 
CIS Tyjfeny E(qi 12.000 /. to Mr. Richard ASon^^ 
3j8 /, to Mr. Nathaniel Molineux\ xxa /. to Sir 
John Char din ; ? Jo /. to Paul Dominicque, E(q; ;82 /. 
to Captain John Germain-^ 1000 Guineas to Colo » 
nel Fit:('Patrick ; f^f L to Charles Bates^ Efqj 
and ^pooo /. to Sir Ba:(il Firebrafs ; all which fore- 
mentioned Sums were (aid to Se paid for (pecial 
Service of the Eaft-India Company, to defray the 
Charges, and adknowledge the Pains and Services 
of the aforementioned Perfbns, and their Friends, 
on (blliciting to prevent a new Settlement of the 
E^'India Q)mpany; and to endeavour the Efta- 
bliChmeni: of the Old ; or In consideration of Lo(^ 
Us they had by the Eafi-hidia Stock. BcGdes /oo 
Guineas paid to the Attorney General, 2,00 tQ# 
the S(#gitQr GcQ^ral^ ud ago more tq }Af. Samr 

ri8 : The Reinftof ffipff^ 

h. ^' h^k'* ^^"^ ^^'^^ great Trouble and Charges in paC 
Itfoc ^^"8 the Charters, and other Affairs relating tp the 
Xx-^VnI^ Company. As for the Sum of 90000 /. mention- 
r^^*"^ ed in the Bill, the fame was laid to be laid . out 
in buying EaSt- India Stock of feveral Perfons, for 
. . Accomjt of the Eaft India Company. 

V. The Original being read by Sir Tho, Cook^^ and 
the Committee conceiving it to be imperfeft, and 
not fiich as the k&. required, they acquainted 
him, that they expefted a more particular Account 
;of thofe Matters. Whereupon Sir Thg. Cook^ feicj^ 

* That as to the firft Sum of 1 0000 /. the fame was 
repaid to Mr. 'I>j(/^», in Tallies, in November 169Z. 

* That he gav? hiip no Diredions how it fliould 

* be diippfed, but it was in Expeflatipn to have . 

* the Charter of the Eajl-India Company confirm- 

* ed, and new Regulations thereto made. That 

* It was intended for the Service of the King ; 

* That he could not (ay the King had it ; but fc- 
' lieved Mr. TjiJJen told him, that he delivered it 

* to Sir Jofiah Child, who deliver'd it to his Ma- 
*jefty ; adding, that 'twas a Cuftomary Prefent, afl4 

* that in King Cbarles\ and other former Reigns, 

* the. like had been done for (everal Years ; which 

* by the Books of the Compafiy might appear. 

* That as to the jiOQo /.next mentioned m the 

* Account, that Sum was paid to Mr. I{ichard ABon, 

* about the lame time, W"^ declared, He had feveral 

* Friends capable of doing great Service to the Com- 
^ pan/s /iffiiirs^ apd feveral of them would fpeafi with 

' Parliament^ Men. That he could not particularize ^ 

* who they were, but the Endaim^d at was to get an 

* A^ of Parliament. That he knew no Man befidcs 

* Mr. ARon, who could give an Account who had. 

* that Money , that he entrufted it wholly with 
^ Mr. A8on^ with the Privity of Sir Jofiah Child, 
'who recommended ABon as an honeft'and able 
' Man, and a Perfbn capable of doing the Com- 

* pany Service ; the Court having given bin; 

* rowe% as he conceived, to diftofe of the Money 

* by another Hand, as well as by his own. That 
^ the Inducements for giving this Monty, were 

* fe^r^ of the Interlopers going out, and Subfcripi 

mLLl AM the ThirJ: i^- 

tlons for a New-Company going on ; by which they A. C^- 
apprchended the Company would 'be ruin'd. ,gg^^ 
That there was a Bill at that tiifne for another ^^* 
Baft'IndU Company, and that the King had fenc 
a Meffage to the Houfe of Commons to fettle the 
Bdft-India Trade* That i coco /. was advanced 
by AEion hlmfelf, and not repaid him in (ome 
Months after ; which Money he believed ii^ow paid 
away the feme Seflion, and that the other aooo /. 
to JEion was for Intereft, and his Pains and Ex- 
pences, which were great. That AQon did (ay. 
He could tell fome Pcrfons impUyd in that Ajfair ; 
That he did underhand that this Money was to be 
laid out for promoting their Affairs in Parliament ; 
That he could not fay to whom it was given^ buf 
underfiood it went no further than the Houfe of 
Commons ; And tha^ he found no food Fruit hyfucb 
Difiribution. As to the 338 ./. paid to Mr. Moli^ 
neux^ Sir Tho. Cooke faid, that Mr. Molineux told 
him this Money was to be dilpos'd of to thef 
Lord Hivers ; but fince his Confinement Moli- 
neux had told him, that my Lord never had it, 
and he had made u(e of it himftlf. As to the 
1000 Guineas paid td Mr. Fitj^Patrick, deceased. 
That F;V:f-P4fr/c/;. told him, he nad a great Inte- 
reft with the Lord Nottingham^ that he would try 
what he could do. and he did nqt doubt but 
he might accomplifh great Services, provided he 
might nave fiich a Sum of Money ; That he beT 
lieved FitT^-Patrick kept the Money himfelf ; and 
that there was a promife of a &rther Sum, if the 
intended A61; of Parliament did njbt pais. That 
the 54/ L was to be paid to Mr. Charles Batef 
when the Charter was fettled, and was paid accor- 
dingly mOSlober 1693. That he himfelf had 00 
Acquaintance with him , but Sir Bajil Firebrafs told, 
him, that Bates had Acquaint /ince with f ever al Lords^ 
and named the Marquifs of Carmarthen, now Duk^ 
of Leeds. That as to the firft Ten thouftnd Pound, 
p^d to Sir Bafil Firebrafs, it was paid him about 
November 1693. That it was always his apprehen-^ 
fipn, that Sir Bafil Firebrafs kt^x. itfpr himfelf, to; 
recompenfe his Lofles in the Imerlopiog Trade^* 



A. C. 

^ April 

the Reign of King 

and 6i to the fcFcral other Sums, which compleac 
die further Sum of Thirty thoufand Pounds i>ai<l 
to Sh* Bai{il^ that they were paid at one time ^ 
rho' depending upon ^veral Contra^Si and that 
the Realbn why the Thirty thoufand Pound vsras 
id ten (everal Contrads, might be becaufe Sir B^t 
might have occafion to difiribute it to (everal Per- 
fens. That as the Sums paid to Sir John Charddn^ 
and Mr. Dominic^ue^ he beiievM they were expen- ' 
ded in the Company's Service; and as to the three 
hundred eighty two Pound to Captain Germain^ 
that it was paid him to bring him oflr from the Inttr-- 
hfers^ ahd engage him in the Eaft-India Company's 
Intereft. L^ftly. as to the Ninety thoufand Pound 
Sir Thomas Ceel^e aeclar'd, that it was 991 97 Stocks 
bought for Ninety thoufand Pound of feveral Per- 
ibns, for the u^ of the Company, to make good 
the Contrads with Sir BaJU^ if he fhould chufe to 
accept Stock : That the Stock was transferred to 
leveral Perfonsto the Company's ufe; that he wat 
accountable for it ; that they had his own Obliga^ 
tion for the fame ; that part of the Stock was trans^ 
fcrr'd to the Company ; and that the other pare 
* was ibid to their Ules, and they had the Money. 

Mr. CompnollfT having * reported diis Examinati- 
on to the Houfe of Commons, fome Debates arofe a^ 
bout the lame, and one of the Members infbrm'd 
the Houfe, that the Earl of levers protefted he ne- 
ver receiv'4 a Penny i and tho' he was now of ano- 
ther Hoilfe, he had tne fame Efteem for the Com- 
mons as heretofore^ anid that act|prding to his Lord- 
(faip's Motion, the Lords had fent for Mr. M&Uneux 
CO bt examin'd. Another Member obferv'd, that as 
to all tbrlittle Sums, Sir Vm Cooke knew well to 
whom they were g^vjei^; but he could never learn 
to whom Sir BafirKrebrafs diftrilbuted the Monies 
he received : For Sir Bafil woula not give him an 
account of that matter, tho' often ask*d by. him to 
do it ; That on the other Hand, ASon would have 
told Sir Thomas^ but he would not hear him. A 
third Member faid that Sir Tho. Cook^^s Account con- 
tain'd nothing but Generals \ nor one Date, not one 
Time, ^c. That as to the Ten thpu&nd Pound 



^ WILLIAM thethirJ. 31 

toMr.^fi«»i he offered to tell him th Particulars^ and A. C 
he was unm Sing to hear hitn^ but did not diubt but 165/, 
AGton would give a f articular and fatisfaEtor;^ Acco9^t\^^^^f\4 
cf all difiributed bj him , Aiid yet^ in the fame mo- 
mem being ask'd ^herc, and in what Condition this 
A8on was, be declar'd ; he wai, a DiftraSed Man ; 
and not able to give the . fjoufe any Account at aS. A 
RsUrch Member fiiid 5 No Man is innocent^ ifeveiy 
Man be Guilty^ PVe cannot be innocent if we do not la) 
our Uandi on thefe Men, that have betrafdus, and thi 
Company j 4«J, 1 hope themfelves, Ih us go as far aswi 
can^ and then weJhaU not he in Fault : And reov'd that 
Firebrafs and AHon be ordtr^d to anend the Hou(e 
the next day. Another Member leconded the Mo- 
tion, and nr>oreover mov'd, that they forget not a^ 
Member of their own, whp was accused tor rtccir- 
ioc a confiderable Sum. 

In the middle of thefe Debates there came a Mejll 
fige from the Lords, defiring a Conference^ which 
was immediately had ; And there the Lords acquain* 
ted theCommons,that they h$d fent forMr.i^r^e^ and 
feveral others,in order to have them examined ; That 
■ they had intimation that Sir Bafil Firebrafs was near 
at hand, and would appear ; and that their Lord- 
fliips were of Opinion, that all future Examinations 
of any oFthe Pcrfons mention'd in the Rejport of Sir 
Iho. Cookfs Account, be had before the Committee 
of both Moufes, appoifited to receive'Sir The. Cookers 
Examination ; to which the Commons agreed* 
Accordingly the Comniittee met the ftiiieday in 
the Exchequer-Chamber, and Sir Bajil Firebrafs be- 
ing interrogated, touching his Receipt of iPen thotl- 
land Pound, and of Thirty thoufand Pound chafg^d 
on him by Sir The. Cooke, and touching the Diftribu- 
, tlon thereof, he depos'd ; ' Thijrtfce firft Ten thou-^/^ ^M 
' find Pound were §i7en to him Ife a Gratuity ofpirebrafsV 

• hisLofles, feme time before the Chlarter ft)r the depofiiw. 

• Eaftlndia Company paffed ; That the Sum bf Ten 

• thouiand Pound was received by him, by Vlrttie 

• of a Contra6i with Sir iho. Coolie, for Favours and 

• Services done ; That the Stock at the titne of the 
•Contra^:, \^lued at ifol.per C<*f falling afte^- 

, !wanlfttoiooA/e^rCf;}/) ijie dtflferenec Was Thirty 


A. C 

the Reign of I^in^ 

thoufand Pound, which they made up to hXnu 
That the Realbn of the Fall of the Stock, was the 
Ships not conning in ; and that if that had not 
happened, he had gained as much as the Thirty 
thoulknd round paid him. That he was pofitive 
the Ten thousand Pound and Thirty thouiknd 
Pound were for himfelf ; and for the ufe of no other 
Perfon whatlbever, except yoo /. paid to Mr. 
Powtl^ becaufe he had good Intereft amongd the In^ 
terlopersj and was inftrumental in reconciiing 
Differences. That he paid no pare of the fkid 
Sums towards a C/&4r^er, or A& oi Parliament^ nor 
made any Proniife (b to do; tho' he had (eve« 
ral Difcourfes with Sir Tho. Cookfi about iifiog 
his Endeavours to procure a new Charter, it being 
his Intereft io to do, after the Contrails were 
made. That he believ'd Sir Tbo Cooke, might ^ff* 
fire him to acquaint him, how he difpos^d of the Mo-, 
ney, but that the Deponent told him, it was not 
fair, but contrary to Agreement, and that Sir Tho^ 
i9}4J was not to ask him what he did with his own^ 
Afterwards the Committee ask'd Sir Bafii what 
particular fervice he did, oi; was to do tor procu- 
ring a new Charter ? To which he (aid, that he was 
unwilling to take too much upon himieU ; that he 
thought he did great fervice to the Company in 
Ibllicitation ; but wifh'd he might anfwer to that 
at fbme other time, being then much indifpos'd, as 

* to his Health. 

The next day Sir Bafil Firebrafs being again ex- 
amined, further depos'd ; That having had a Trca- 

* ty with Mr. Bates, whom he thought able to do 

* ftrvice in paifing the Charter, and to Bave Ac- 

* quaintance with feveral Perfbas of Honour ; he 

* gave two NotQ^ fijr yf oo Guinea? to Mr. Atv^ell,^ 

* payable to Mr. Bntes^ or Bearer \ That one Note 

* was for Three thouland Pound, and the other for 

* a coo Guineas : That he put the Notes into Bates^ 

* Hands, who told the Deponent, that he would 

* deal with him forhimfelf, and iftheBufinefswere 

* done he would keep the Notes, eWe deliver them a* 

* gain. That the ayoo Guineas were paid atteribe 
; Charter (or Reftoring die Eaft-lndia Company 


WILLIAM the ThirJ. 33 

< pafi*d, the other for Thirty thouiand Guineas after A. C 
^ the Qiarter for Regulation pafled. That he had 1 6yf. 

< tbefe Notes from Sir Tho, Cookp-, and was accounta- 

< ble to him for the lame. That he believed Sir 
« Jbo. Cooke did know how thefe Notes were to be 

< difposM of ; and that he told Sir Tho. Cool^e^ that ^ 
« Mr. Ba0es had Acquaintance with federal Lords, 
« naming the Lord Frefiden^, and others. That the 

< Deponent could not tell who this Money was de- 

< fign'd for, or what Bates did with it; for that Bates 
« would not deal on (iich Terms of Telling Names : 
« That Bates did introduce him jfeveral times to the 

< Lord Vrefident^ who made (bme Scruples in point 
« of Law, which were remov d by the Attorney Ge- 

< neral. That one day laft Week the Five thoufand 
« Guinea3 were offer'd by Bates back again to him ; 
c Bates iaying, that diis might make a Noife ; that 

< if Sir Tho, Coolie thought it too much, he would 

< gi7e it him again ; that onTuefJay laIl44oo Guineas 

< were brought to this Deponetft, and that the othet 
« yoG Guineas were ftill in Bates^s Hands. That 
« SirTi&o. Cooi^didfcruple to take back his Money 
« at firft, but afterwards did conlent to it, the Morn- 

< ing when ,he was brought up before this Commit- 
« tee. That he believ'd Sir Thomas had a double Ac- 
« count, the one was made up with this Spm, the 
« other without it. That Bates would have paid 
« back the whole, but Sir Tho. Coolie faid, die Ac- 
« count would not be even if the yoo Guineas w^ere 

< brought into that Account. That this was no part 

< of the Forty thoufand Pound before mentioned to 
^ be paid to this Deponent ; whidi Sum, he &id, he 

* always undefftood to be wholly for his own life 
« and Benefit. That they found sreat Stops In the 
« Charters, which they apprchendeoiproceeded lorne- 

< times from t%y Lord Nottimham\ and (bmetimes 

* from others. That Colonel Fit:{- Patrick, received 

* a Thou&nd Guineas on the fame Terms as was 

* with others, if the Charter pafsM : That he preten- 

* ded great Intereil with the Lord Nottingham^ and 

* that he could get Information from the Lady Der-^ 

* hy how the Queen's Pleafiire was ; That Colonel 
c Fit\'f4tridi faid, be would try to prevail with the 
•• Ddd Lord 



A. C. 


* April 

%6th. Mr, 

the Reign of King 

Lord ttottingham^ for Fire thoufand Guifieas upon" 
paflinff the Charter, and Five thoufand Pouna on 
the Aa of Parliament, but that the Earl of N^f/^Asrj- 
ham abfblutely reiusM to take it. That the Depo- 
nent heard a Note, ilgn'd by Sir Jofiab Child^ and 
Sir Iho. Cooks ^ for Fifty thoufind Pound, was lod- 
ged in lyjjen^^ Hands for about a Year, to be paid 
mcaie the hOi pafTed ; and that it was refus'd, as 
he underdood, jby my Lord Portland^ to wbom 
lyffen had offer'd it. 

* Mr. Kjchard AHon being examined before the 
fame Committee depos'd. That he receiv'd the 
Sums of Ten thoufand, and Two thousand Pound 
of Sir Thomas Cookc^ That he told Sir Thomas^ he 
had Friends who would t^ke pains to do the Com* 
©any fervice, but tbev would have Ten thouland 
round. That hehad Two thoufind Pound for his 
trouble, in attending two SeiSons, and that if the 
Bill for a new Company had pafs'd, he was to have 
bad nothing. That he did not diftribute the Ten 
thoufand Pound to Members, but ro thofe who had 
Interefl with Members. That fbme of them to 
whom he §ave Money to be diftributed were Mr. 
Cragjts^ with whom, this Deponent was concerned in 
ClotningtheArmy,Mr.^4iSte, Mx.Hjdley^Mr. bom^ 
nicque^^c. and that Colonel Go/^eiZ, and Colonel 
Dean^ who were fince Dead, were the only Per- 
fbns which he himfelf gave Money to. 
The' next * day the Committee of both Houfes 

Proceeded upon the Examination of the reft of the 
erfbns mentioned In their Report, and Mr. Bates 
being Sworn, depos'd, ' That Sir iafil Jfirebrdfs 

* did apply himftlf to him, to ufe his Intereft fbf 

* obtaining a Charter. for the Eafi-bidia Company; 
^ the old Charter being forfeited, and told him thev 
^ would be grateful: That the Deponent did mt 

* his Intereft with the Lord Prefident, who (aid, he 
^ would do whatfervice he could. That the Lord Pre- 

* (ident had deliver'd his Opinion publickly for con^ 
^iirming the Charter, and thought the Forfeiture ad 
*Hard(hip, Tliat having receiv'd Notes for Fire 
f thouland five hundred Guineas, he told the Lord 
! Prefident what Sum he had^ and would have paf^ 


WILLIAM the Thir/. 3? 

fed it upon my Lord, but he refus'd itw '^^} 4* ^ 
thereupon in regard, he could not very well tell ^^T- 
Money himfclf, he did ask leave of my Lord that ^^ 
his Servant might tell the Money; to which my 
Lord anlwerM, He gave leave^ and accordingly 
Monficur [(pban did receive the ^loney. That a& 
ter Monfieur Upbart had received it, he brought the 
(ame to the Deponent, in whofe Poffcffion it re- 
mained rill he paid -1400 Guineas thereof back Zr^ 
gain to Sir Bafil. That as to the 600 Guineas re- 
maining of the yooo, he (aid he had (pent fome of 
them ; That the Rcafbn he paid back die 4400 Gui- 
neas, was the Noife that it made, and that People 
might think that he did not def&rve chem^ and that 
the whole yjoo Guineas w^re for his own private 
ufc. However being fbon after re-examin'd, he 
own'd, fhaf the 4400 Guineas which he faid bacl^ 
^ were krought to him by Monfieur Robart. 

Sir Safii Firebrafs being once more cscamin'd, de*' 

* pos?d, that Sir Tho Cooke^ and others, obfirving hirtl 

* active, and to h^ve Intereft among Noblemen, ap- 

* plied themfelves to him to endeavour the procuring 

* a new Qiarter. That Sir Tho. Cooke was appre- 
*henfivc, thi^t itjluck with the Duke of Leeds, aod* 

* told the Deponent that feme way muft be found 

* out to the Duke. That he thereupon applied him* 
« felf to Mr. Bates ^ who would not pretend to talk 

* with the Duke; but (aid, the Deponent muft tell 

* him what the Company would do. That he told 

* Mr. Bates he thought a Prefent might be made of 
•aor 30D0/. That Mr. Bates io\A. him. he went to 
•St. James\ and (aid, ht hind ffokpwifi bis Friend^ 
*said that more had peen offer'dhim by the other fidti 

* and that at anotj^er time Bates (aid that yooo /. had 

* been offered feiin by another Hand on the (ame fide. 

* That it was at laft agreed, that if the Duke did 

* a6fc in favour of the Company, he ihould have % . 

* and 5600 Guineas, and Bates yoo Gulneastohim- 

* leif. That from the time the Notes for the yfoo 
•Guineas were given to B«/p/, they had free Acccft 
*tomy Lord Prefident, and found him ea(y add 
« willing to give the Company hisAffiftance, Th^c 
I Mr, B4t(s was fey, and calrd it hii Friend at St. 

D d d g^ Jamsi^%. 

A. C. 


the Keig* tf kini ♦ 

Sfdmes\ That the Condition of one Draught of i 
Counter-Note, which Mr. Bates brought, was wor-. 
ded, In cafe the Lord Prefident did not affifi the Com- 
pany in fajjpng the Charter ^ to which this Deponpot 
made an iv^eration, by putting out my Lord's 
Name, and making it not payable in cafe the 
Charter ihould not pafi. That about^ a Week be- 
fore the Money was brought back again, thisDepo- 
tient utrent to Bates about it, who then told bim^ it 
was all for himfeif. That the Deponent did intend 
aDiftribution of the abovementioned Sum of Thirty 
Tnoa&id Pound in manner following, to Sir Ed- 
ward Seymottr^ Sir John Trevor^ and Mr. Guy Ten thou- 
find Poand, in caie the.Charter and AGt of Parlia- 
ment paiTed; to the Merchants I»/^r/<f^frjTen thou* 
iandPound^and tohimlelfTen thou(andPound;That 
as to Five Thouiand Pound part of the (aid Thirty 
thoufand Pound he did deiign one third thereof to Sir 
Edward Seymour^ one third to StrJohnTrevor^ and one 
third to Mr. Guj- That Mr. G«x, to whom h^ made 
the Propo&l tola him, they did not deiire to med- 
dle with the Stocky but would do any (ervice they 
could to promote getting the Charter. That Sir 
Edward Seymour afterwards meeting this Deponent, 
chid him for making that Propo^, and told him, 
He would never have any thing to do with him^ if ho 
ever made any fuch Offers. That the Deponent 
thought himfelt oblig'd in Honour, to pay two 
thirds of the Five thouiand Pound, when received,, 
to Sir John Trevor^ and Mr. Guy^ and intended to 
keep the other third, (which oir Edward Seymour 
refus'd)for himfelf, and that Sirjohnyrevor did 
femetime afterwards give him feme hints of bis 

Sir Jqfiah Child being examin'd, (aid, ' He never 
difpos'd of I o /• of the Eafi^India Company's : Thac 
he did recommend it, that a Prelent of Fift^ 
thoulaod Pound (hould be made to the King, if his 
Maje^y would lb far wave his Prerogative, that 
an Aelof Parliament might be pafi'd lor fettling 
the Company, but that Mr. VJT^ told him, the 
King would not meddle in that Matter^ as he had been 

inf oroiM from my bord Portland, 


Vf ILLIAU the nirJ. ^f 

Thefe Examinations being t reported to the Houfe A, C' 
X>F ComtQPns, one of the Members flood up, and KSpj^. 
airg'd the necei^ty of learching this Matter to the U^vs^ 
bottom; and to provide Laws for the future, to f April 
prevent the Members pf:^e Houfe taking Money. ^^^ a?'* 
That Ten thoufind Pound had been pretended to D^stef in 
Be giyen to the King ; and Fifty thoufand Pound of- ^J^^^fi^f 
fer'd to buv an Act of Parliament, or gain their^*"^^^* 
Charter. That the Fads proy'^ then>feives ; and 
that Mr. Bates ap^ear'd an unfortunate Peribn, 
vrhom die Care ofnis Friend ( the Duke of LeeJs ) 
and the^cnfe of his Oath) haq caused to make liich 
Contradictions. Another Member (aid, that there 
were never greater, and more ^en^ral Inftances of 
Corruption ^ he im^fted on the neceffiry of a ^e- 
idy Remedy, and that it was very fit the Houte 
Ihould let the Work! (ee that they were in earneft;i 
He put them in mind of the Pra£Hces and Arts that 
had been uj^'d to (lop their Difcovery, S> that what 
they had, was gor^ as it were, by the utmoft Force 
and Conftraint ; at which they could not wonder^' 
when they now found (o gr^at a Man at the Bot- 
torn ; But there //, added he, no Per/on in a Poft fi 
high y't hat this Hcufe cannot reach ; no Man^s Pra^ 
SficCj or Art^ fo deefj that this Hotife cannot difcover. 
Here have been aM imaginable Endeavours us*d to ob^ 
firuct the Enquiry. Firft, His Majcfty*s Namo was 
9fiade uferfattbe Committees^ with h^fesy fethafs^ that 
that might fiof any further fearoh ; and if it wtre made 
tifi of there ^ you may reafonably esfpect they were msde 
ife ofelfe where. But that a f pear d to to fofar from ^ 

being a matter of ^fkction on the Kjngy that Sir Jo^ 
fiah Child, eft en complained of it j dsa^jidenefs to bis 
Majefty, that what other l^ngs hadTearly as a Profeni^ 
they had not offered to his Majefty in three Tears,! it wa$ 
indeed^ if not a matter of a ^ght^ a matter of\s^om. 
As for the Bar I of Portland, who may be narn^d for 
his Honour upon this Occafionj when the great Sum of 
fifty thonfan4 Pound was prefsU upon him^ he didalfom 
lutety refufe it^ and told them^ He would for ever be 
their Enemy andOppoler, if they oHer'd any iiich 
^hing to him* Hsmng thus mentiosCd the inmoceni. | 
W^, continued he. /4r fomev^at of the Guilty ; s 

K...' ^-- pdd| " ' ' .•■ fiof 

/ j5 the Reign of King 

A. C. fi^P h^^^^S *'^^ /*^^ ^^ ^^^ 0/ Leeds i»i^ he 45^ 

1-^9 f* ^'^^^ ^* • ^^'"^^'^^ ^^''^ ^^^'' ^^' ^ ^^'r^ notorious Sri- 
bery^ 4nd that in a P^rfou^ whtnn wc might ha've ex- 

feBiedto have been free from fuch a Crime ^ tf you re^ 

fpfiH either the greatnefs of his Place, or ofhisForoier 

Obligation. It is fit to fpeak, plainly on fuch occa- 

fionsy the Ifoufe ou^ht to endeavour to remove fuch a 

Perfpn from the King's Council and Prefence. fPTbae 

Security can the. Nation have when we are Bought 

emd Sold to one another? We have feen our Dejigns de^ 

feaied^ own Attempts betrayed^ arid what wonder is ii? 

Can at^Man thinks it more ftr^tnge that our Coutifels^ 

fhottld be fold abroad^ than that Charters fhould he Sold 

a$ Home ? Certainly a Man may reafonably believe^ tbae 

he who will Sell the Subjeas, will Sell the King- 
dom, if he can have a lumcienc Bribe. What Prince 
t^n be fafe in fuch Counfels which are given for private 
Advantage ? Several Propofals^ (aid he in the Con* 
duiion^ may here be offered for ^mcdy. One that this 
Boufejhould Addrefs His Majejlj/ to remove the DuJ^ 
pf I;£eds ; but^ with Submijfion^ an Addrefs is too 
tnean^ too Iowa thing for this Houfe to do at this Time^ 
And upon fuch an Occajion ; / therefore move we rtuiy 
lodge an lootpeachment. 

, Tho'this^ech was approved in the main, jet 
iome. Expreihons in it were thought too reSe^- 
kig, and another Member flood up and ^id. He 

ifoondered the Gentleman who fpol^ laJlJhouUfay that^ 
which he hopUt he did not believe^ that, that Lord 
fliQuld have (q14 our Coun&ls to France. There- 
upon the other roie again : And faid, It was with 
feme unea^nefs he flood up^ for he did not tak$ Plea^ 
fure toraks »» a DunghiL That be was far from f eying 
(he Dukfi had betray^ our Counfels ; but argued only 
from Pojfibility ; that it was as reafonable to believe 
^ne as the other ; and that when Honour and Ju/iice 
were not the ^e of Men's ASions^ there W4f nothing 
incredible that mifht be for their DifAdvantage. 

Several Members Seconded the Modqa, for an 
Impea4iment, addiqg^ That fuch ASions 'as thefe 
were a hlemfh^ tf not a Scanda/ to the Revolttl;ioa fi^ 
felf. Aiidit beingi demanded^ JS^ what Lawitwai 
n <ffime to tahf M^t»cj 4t ?wir ? Jt wsus aQ^wo'd, 


WILLIAM the Third ^ 

, 7ha^ if there was not a Law^ it was time there Jhould he A. C. 
a Law to prevent it ; that the Law tf ^od was againfl i i^f^ 
the Dukfj and that there w^e Parliaments to tunijh ij^f^^ 
fuch Crimes. It Was again liiggefted, thatit wm^dTheDuite 
dpubtfiil whether there w^s Matter in this Report «/ Leeds 
for an Impeachment ; and therefore before the •''^f '<* ^^ 
Houfe went to an Impeachment, they ought to J^ '?" . 
put the dueftion upon the Report, and fee whc* r ^^^^^* 
ther it be a Crime ? Thereupon (bme of the Duke's 
Friends obje^led, That there was no Law^^ and Jo no 
Trafifpreffon^ wd mov'd for excufing Jjim: But 
tiie Olievion being put, that there did appear j that 
there was in the ^port made from the Committee of 
both Hotifes fufficient Mutter to Impeach Thomas Duk^ 
of L^eds, of High Crimes and Mifdemeaners^ it was 
carried in the A6BlrnJative, and Mr. Comptroller was 
order'd to go u^ to |;h6 Lords, and at their Bar, 
in the Name ot the Houfc, and of all the Com- 
mons of Bnglandy to lodge the (aid Impeachment, 
which in due time they would make good. 

About the fame time that Mr. Comptroller made 
the Report to the Commons from the Committee 
of both Houfes, the Lord Privy Seal made the 
Repcwt to the Lords; after the hearing of which, 
the Duke of Leeds (aid, ' That as he had former- jj^^ j^j^^ 
' ly protefted himfelf to be clear in this Matter ; ^y LecdsV 
*(o he ftill denied upon his Faith and HonowXy speech t$ 
' that he was Guilty of any fuch Corruptions as the Lords, 

* were fiiggefted againfl: him, and that if the wjiole 
f Truth were laid open, it would tend to his Ho- 
*. Hour and Advantage. That he would be very 

* free in telling their Lordfliips now before hanq, 

* all .that paffed, in which he was any ways coti- 

* cerned. That Mr. Bates introduc'd Sir Bafil pire^ 
^krafs to him, and that he had Conferences with 
} Sir Bafil .upon the Subje£t of the Eafi-lndia Coih- 
^pany, .which Krebrafs was concem'd for, Tha? 
^:^>Qie time after, Mr. Biues informed him, that '- 
*vhc wis tp have a Sum of Money of Sir Bafil 
^Birtir^Sj and defired his Lordfhip to lend him 
r,onc of his Servants, (Mr. Bates keeping but a 
-Footman) to receive the Money; and ib he lent ' 
f |uii} l^ogiieur Bsim. That he knew nothing ^ 

' 'P44^' l\^^^ 

40 The Reign of Kittg 

A. C. * the Sum, but afterwaixls Mr. Bates caipe to him 

i(S9j;. * and told him, he had received fooo Guineav^ and 

y^/^Y^^j * th;jt in acbipwledgment of the many Favours he 

* hiid received from his Lordihip's Hands, he hum- 
^ bly defir'd him to accept the fame ; which he 
^ rehifinff, Mr. Bates preflfed htm eameftly to take 

* one half, or a quarter \ which he ftill renifed, dc- 

* daring he would not touch a Penny of them ; 

* that however he told him, (ince he had taken 
^ them he thought there was no need of returning 
^ them } tha^ they were his own, and wifli'd h 
^ gocd Luck with them. And thus, coaduded 

. f Grace, I was but a Shadow to Mr. Bates f 

The Duke oi Leeds had icarce ended his Speech^' 
when private Notice came to th(^ Houfe of LordSj^ 
that the Commons were proceeding to ah Impeach- 
ment againft him : whereupon he left the Houfe 
in great hafte, and going to the Door of the Houfc 
of Commons, deHr'd to be admitted to be Heard. 
This being granted, and a Chair placed for him 
within the Bar, his Grace (at down, put on hia 
Hat ; then ro(e, uncovered himielf, and made a 
Speech to the Houfe, wherein in the firft place, 
«// S^wcM He thank'd them heartily for this Favour of hear^ 
t9the Houjei j^^g ^-^^ . ^^^ ^y^^^ proceeded, declaring his Inno^ 
fj Ufffmm^ ccnce^ and that he had attended (boner if he had 

* had the lead: Intimation what the Hou(e was upon, 
^ That the occafion o( his coming, was from the 

* two Votes upon the Report from the Commitreo 

* of both Houfes ; That he had done all he couU 

* to be informed of the Particulars, but could hot, 
^ That hearing of a Report, a monftruous Img fy^ 
^ foTt^ and finding him(elf concc^tfd, he was ear* 
^ nefl; to be heard, to the end he might not lie 
^ under the Di(plea(ure, of either, or both Hou(is, 
^ He faid, it is a bold Word, but 'tis a Truth, TAi* 
^ Houfe had not now teen Sitting but fir me» He ad- 
ded, ^ That he was formerly pur(ued by tbis 

* Hou(e in two Points : For being for the Btenqb 

* Intereft, and for Popery ; That he had then, if 
^ he might have been heard, juftificd him(elf, and 
^ hop'd he b^d fince, and would by all the A^ch 
Iq£ bis U^, T% 9^5 P4f^k^/h t(? ^^ «w^2 

V7\Lhl AM the Third. 4? 

f ot Mr. Baies^ was introduced to htm; That he A. G. 
^ had long known Mr. Bates^ and if he was not i6oe. 

* much deceived in him, he could not believe that vxVN^ 

* Gentleman would have tnxdkSttd fiich a Matter, ^ - ^ 
^ if put upon it. That the Evidence was but an 

^ Hear.'&y, and he hoped they would not Condemn 

* on Hear-fiy. That as well as a Money Part, there 

* was alio a Treaty-Part ; That as to the Money- 

* part much of it was faUe, and what was true he 
^ made no Secret; that he could and did fay, upon 
^ his^ Faith and Honour, that neither dire6tty nor 
^ indiredly. He never pouched one Penny of the Monty. 
^ That he obferv'd a preat deal of Pains had been 
^ taken to hook in this Matter by a fide Win4 \ 
^that this Firebrafs thought his Merit would de« 

* fervc 1 0000 /. and 2 0000 /. that this yf oo Gui- 

* neas was no part of the 40000 /. That the Wit* 

* nefles were called in by the Committee ; but that 

* Firebrafsy after his £rft Hearing, defir*d to be cal- 
^ led in agaid himfelf, contrary to all Rules ; whidi 

* (hewM him at leaft a very willing Wimefi. That 

* he had a Thread which he hoped to fpin finer i 
^ and make it appear, that this was a Pefign laid a* 
^ gainft him long before the naming this Commit- 

* tee ; that Warning was given nim feme time 

* fince ; That this Matter would he improved agdinU 

* him-y^ and that Firebafs had been told, Hejhould 

* be Excused if he/hould Charge tbe Duke. His Orace 

* in the Conclufion (aid, He ask'd no Favour, but 
^ their favourable Juftice.; and that no (evere Seqie 
^ might be put on what would bear a Catidid one. 

* T^ if it might be the Houfe wpuld reeonfider 

* what was done ; or at leaft preferve him trom 

* Cruelty, and not^ let him lie on the Rack, and 
^ be blafted until a Parliament (hould fit again ; 
^ and that if they would not reconfider^ that then he 
^ might have (peedy Juftice; tor he had rather 

* want Counfel, want Time, or want any Thing* 
^than lie under their, or dio Nation's IXiplea* 
J&re; ' ' 

\ This Speech being ended, and the Duke with- TitptJti 
drawn, Mr. Comptroller, attended by many Mem- *' '?• 
^rsi wcat up to the h»^ with tl^c Impeachment j ^^^*^* 

. ^x The RetgH of King 

A. C ^^ ^ ^^^ ^e time, it was proposed in the Hqiii 
' tH^^. that the Articles (hould be tortnwitb drsLwn up 
^^^^ and thereupon the Committee, which were jolne 
with the Lords, were ordered to withdravir and pre 
pare the fame. 
Dehstet / Afterwards the Hpufe of Commons took th 
shut his Duke's Speech into Confideration, a,fld one of the 
Speuk Members,ftood up and (aid, That hy this Nab/e Lorii 
Speech the Point was now^ whether the Houfc would Ar^ 
raign the Committee of both Houfes^ or go on with their 
Impeachment ? ^ That the Duke when he came to 
tne Matter, would not enter into Particulars, but 
^ Dafi'd it over with Excufe of wanting of time; 
That he made no Excuie as to the Fa£bs ^ That his 
Argument of a Contrivsmce was, that the r coo 
Gumeas charg'd on him, was no part or the 
40000 /. Firehrafs was to account for ; That this 
was rather an Aggravation of the Crime ; for Sir 
Jho. Cpokf had a double Account, one with, and 
another wjt^hout the j'ooo Guineas; which was 
ap Indication, that if ^th«re was a Contrivance, it 
was not hv the Compiittee, but with Sir Thomas 
Cooke^ to ftifle the Im}uiry, and conceal the Cor- 
ruption. That the (peedy Juftice of the Houfe 
was to be wifh'd and aeiir'd ; and that if there was 
(iich a Contrivance, (iich a Thread as was men« 
tioned by that noble Lord, 'twas not to be doubt* 
ed, but that Houfe where he was impeached 
would clear him. Another Mep[)ber moved, that 
a Committee might be ^Lppointed to withdraw, to 
cp^fider ,wbat w^ to be done in order to gratifie 
that Noble Lord by ipeedy Juftice ; and ob|erv*d, 
t\iat his Friend Mr. Bates'$ contradifling him(elf, 
was more th^n the Evidence of Firebn^s. That 
Monfieur J^obart was a ^rvant of my Lord Prc- 
fident's, and was fled ; that Mr. B/ttcs £ud he kept 
the Money in^ hi^ Hou(e ; that (bmetimes he had 
fpmt k, (ometiqies it was in his Cbfet .- That he 
aid own the Motley w^s not in his Houfi Oti 
Sunday, but oh Hue/day Morning Monfieur S^fbart 

brought it to :him, bat he .\^ould never declare 
fiom wh^m he brought it. 

WILLIAM thTbirJ. . 43 

In the middle of thefe Debates, a Meflage wa« A. CJ 
lent from the Lords, to acquaint the Houie of 169 c. 
Commons, that it was the Opinion of their Lor4- 
fhips, that the Difcovery made by Sir TJbo. Cookf wa^ 
not Satisfa<florv, nor fb hill as to entitle him to the 
Benefit of the ASt to Indemnifie hiin, and that their 
XiOrdOiipsdefired the Concurrence 01 the Commons. 
They thereupon paft a Vote, as the Lords had done, 
and lent it up by the Lord Coningshy. 

On Monday the zjtb of Afril the Lords ac- 
quainted the Commons, that they had paft a BiU^ 
intituled. An A& for imfrifoning Sir Tho. Cooke, Sir 
Bafil Firebirace,Charles Bates/£/^^ and fames Craggs^ 
and reftraintng them from alienating their Eftates^ XO 

which they defir'd the Concurrence of the Com- 
mons. After the reading of this Bill, Mr. Comp- 
troller reported the Articles of Impeachment againft 

the Duke oi Leeds y For ContraSing and Agreeing with 
the Merchants Trading to the Eaft Indies, or their 
jigentSy for //oo Guineas to procure them a Charter of 
Confirmation^ and a Charter of E^cgul^ons^ which Sum 
rvas aSuaSy received hy the/aid Duke of Leeds, or hj 
his Agents and Servants^ with his Privify and Confent, 
Thele Articles being agreed to by the Common?, 
and by their Order fcnt to the Upper Houfe, aiu} 
read, tbe^Duke of Lf ^i/repeated ieyeral things to thc^ 
fime Pur po(e as formerly, adding^ ' iThat this StonQ 

* which was now fallen upon him, was Ibme tim^p 
^ apgathering ; and it was promojied by aFa<9bion, 

* and a Party who had only a Pique againft him ; 

^ broke out, and it appeared only leydled againft 

* him, becaufe none elfe were pnofecuted ; that 

* there appeared a Joy they coula catch at this, for 
^ then thr|^ ftopt : and that Sir Bafil Firebrafs wa^ 

* treated with to ailcover only this Part, and fb be 
^ fbould be exci^d from any further Di&overj^. 
His <5^e concluded, praying a Copy of the Arti- 
cles of Impeachment , and of the Report of the 
CQmn(Utte(P jf t^ Hou&s, which was readil/ 

fmteon ~ ^ ^ ■.;:•■•» • ' ^ 


i|4 7^^ ^^<S^ ^/^^'^£ 

A. C The next Day, the Commons were acquainteil 
169^. by a Mefiage from the Lords, that the Duke of 
l^dj had put in his Anfwer to die Articles exhi- 
bited againft him, of which their Lordfhips had 
fent a Copy to them : Whereupon the Houfe of 
Commons ordered, Th^t the Committee who were 
appointed to prepaLce the Articles againfl the Duke, 
^uld corifidcr of, ai>d prepaire a lleplipidon to 
bis Anfwer. 

Upon the Grft of Mayy the Conjmons read g thir^ 
dme and M&ed the Ingrofled Bill from the Lords, 
Gx Imprisoning Si^ Tbo. Cocl^e^ &c. and lent it up 
to the fi)rds jpy Sir Herbert Crofts^ who was or- 
dered tp acfc^ipt their Lordfhips that thev had a- 
£eed thereto wijth fome Ahiendmenfe. On the o- 
er hapd^ the Lords acf^uaitited the Commons, that 
ffaey thought themieltes oblig'd in Juftice to 
put theHoufe in mind of the Impeachment againtt 
jUie Duke oiLeedsy to which the Duke's Anfwer ha- 
ving been tranfinitted to them, the Lords cidlred 
to know when the Comn^ons could be ready widi 
their Articles, to the end« a certain day might be 
appointed by ijje Lords for that Purpofe. There- 
upon th<? Commons ordered that the Duke's An- 
iRi/ernright be referred to the Confideration of the 
Committee, and that they likewifc confider, what 
was to be done iti'that Matter, according to the 
Cburle of Parliairient^/ 

' 'The Duke dpon the 2d of Mfr» complained tq 
the' Lords of the Dela^ ^f the Home of Common? 
^in liot replying to his Anfwer, Pledging, That 
the Impeacmnent was only to load him with Difl 
grace, and that they never intended to try bith; 
That the' p4r/^ us'd great JP4yrf4/r(r* towards him, 
and did not intend to m^uire after others ; and tha^ 
they (hew'd tHei^ Partiality and S^leen^ in their A- 
inendment to' the Bill for Impnloning Sir thorny 
Coolly Sir £aJU ^irihrdfsl and the others, whereby 
Sir Bafii was to be Bafled, becatife he was the Wit-^ 
tiefi againft his Lord(hip. * The fame Day the Com- 
inons relblv'd, ^hat'theoff^tofdnyMnky^ er ether 
'Advuntdge^ f any Mtfhh^ tf Parliamem 'fir the frd^ 
mtin^ rfany Muter whatfoev^^ ^^^t^i^^ Hr ttt^ 
■ ^ " "^ ' " ' ■ "^' ■ ■" tr$nfi 

WILLIAM the thirl ^ 4? 

ItranfkSied in Parliament^ vpks 4 high Crime and Mif A« CL 

wiemeamr^ and tended to the fuhverfien of the Engliih l6yfi 

Constitution. Afterwards Mr. ComtroUer reported < 

from the Committee of the Houfe of G>mmonS;» 

tliat Monfieur I^obdrty who Was a material Witnefs 

for making good the Articles againft the Duke of 

Leeds ^ had been SummonM to attend die G>mmit- 

cee, but could not be found; and it not being 

yet known where he was, they were of Opinion 

tiot to make any further ProgrelS in the Matter to 

them i-efefred, until they had the farther Diiteftioil 

of the Hoiife l^his Retolutioti was agreed Uiito by 

the Houfe ; and ah Order made that Monfieuf it^- 

hart (hould attend the Houfe forthwith, and that ne 

be SummonM by the Serjeaiit at Arms. 

Upon Friday the 3d oiMay^ a Motion being made 
In the Houfe of Lords, td read the Bill for granting 
to the Ring a Ekity ujpon Glafi, &c. The Duke 
of Leeds rofe up, and told the Lords ; ^ Thatvic 
^ srieved him, that he, who was as much as any 
^ Man for the Difpatch of the Money Bills, and 

* never ompoled any, fliould now do it ; but be ho- 
^ped the Lords would confider his Cafe, not only 

* as his, but the Caie of any of dieir Lordfliips^; ror 

* it was in the Power of a Tinker to accuieatthe 

* end of a Seifion, and one might lie under it with- 

* out Remedy : And (mce the Commons, bv Mifina- 
^ nagement, had delayed this Money Bill for Si)( 

* Weeks, it would^ not be of mighty ill Conie- 
^ quence it ihould lie a day or two longer ; and his 

* Grace prefled very earneftly, that if the Houfe 

* of Commons did not ref)ly , the Impeachment 

* might be dilcharged ; for, it it were not, he might 
Mie under the Reproach thereof all his Life; Ad- 
' ding, he believed the Commons would do nothing 
^ ID it, for tho' they had appointed a Committee 
^ to meet, yet they met but once, and that for 

The lame day the Speaker^ of the Commons ac* 
quainted them, that the Seijeant at Arms had in- 
Brmed him, that his Meflenger had been at the 
Duke of Leeds^ and enquired for Monfieur Robart^ 

who was not to bel^und,and had not been teen in 


4^ The Reign of King 

A. C hi« Grace's Houft in three days paft. Whereupon 
i<$oc« ^^^ Commons defired a Conference with the Lords, 
which being agreed to, their Managers delivered 
a Paper to the Lords, importing, Tijot the Commons 
would nuk^ good the Charge 4gainft the Dvl^ ofL^ecds^ 
and were defirous that Juflice be done without any man" 
ner of delay ; but that in the Preparation of the Bvi" 
denee againft the Duke^ their Committee met with an 
OhfiruBion ; That Monjieur Robar^ v^o appeared by 
the Defofitiont brfore fhe Committee of both Hotifes t0 
be a material Vf^tnefs^ was withdrawn Jince the Im» 
feacbment was carried up ; which had been the l^^tfin 
the Commons had not yet acquainted their "Ljordfloips 
when they could be ready to ma\e good thefaid Impeach - 

This Paper being read in the Houfe of Lords, it 
was moved and agreed without any Debate,^ or a- 
ny Oppofition miide by the Duke of Leeds ; Thac 
an Addrefi fhould be made to the King to Ifluc a 
Proclamation for flopping the Ports, and leis&ine 
Monfieur Vi^bofrt ; which was accordingly done, th<? 
the Proclamation was not publiflied till about Nine 
Days afterwards. 

The Duke, who by ^$bart\ flight, had now a 
fair Opportunity of triumphing over his Accufers, 
ro(e up, and blam'd the Commons for doing an un* 
heard of, and un{)recedented thing, ' To Charge 

* a Man with Crimes, before they had all the 
^ Evidence to make it good ; that it was ftrange 

* they (hould (ay .they wanted a material Wimds, 

* ana lay it upon him ^ to produce this Witncfi : 
^ As if a Perfon were ot^g'd more^to produce Evi« 
^ cfcnce^ to accufe himfelf, than* to anfwer fiich 
^ Queftions by which he acaifes himlelf. His 

* Grace then acquainted their Lordfhips, that in 

* Truth, he had fcnt Morifieur B^bart to fee his 

* Daughter Leinfter^ and ordered him to call atAiiW^ 

* to fee his Daughter PUmouth, where the Met 

* lenger of the Houfe^ of Commons might have* 
'* known he was gone, if he had askM. Thac his 

* Grace fcnt a Meffenger on purpofe for ^$barti 

* that I(fbart retum'd about Two of the Qock oii 
I Sunday Morning, but being informM that his Lord 

WILLIAM the Thin/. 47 

^ was Impeached , and Mr. Bdtes in PHfoo, he A« CL 
^ thereupon was frighted, and went towards Hmt- i6^$. 

* wich^ defigning for his own Country Smt3(ertdmt^ 

* thro' HctMnJ. That his Grace knew by the Tern- 

* per of the Man, and by a particular Knowledge he. 

* nad of him, and of the thing, that he would not be 

* feen here again in hafte ; So that mj Lordtj laid his 
' Grace, if this Man be ii^fted ufon as a material £- 

* vidence^ and that my Trial is to be dela/d till this 

* Perfon is forthcomings when am t likdj to be tried? 
' X humbly move your Lord/hips that you wit come ta 
*fome Hgfolution^ that if this Matter be not immedi* 

* Mtefy froceeded ttfon^ fo that I may be trfd b^are 

* the ending of this SejU^n^ that the Impeaditalcnc 

* ihall fall. To which (bme few Lords cry*d, Pf^et 
moved ; but however their Loi'dfhips read ana pai^ 
fed, tlje Bill for the Duty upon Glafs-lVares^ Stone and 
Earthen Bottles^ Scc. 

The fame day the Houie of Commons having 
read the Report nrom the Committee of both Houfes. 
proceeded to Impeach other Peribns therein men* 
tion'd, and in particular Sir John Trevor ; but thejT 
were interrupted by the Black-Rod, and commana- 
ed to attend the King in the Lord's Houfe. His 
Majefty gave the Royal Aflenr, to zn AH for a Du- ^* P^fi 

ty on Gl^s^ 6cc. An ABto prevent Counterfeiting and^^V 5»- 
Clipping the Coin of this KJngdiom ; An AH for Im* 
frijoning Sir Thomas Cooke, Sir Bafil Pil'ebrafi , 
Bates and Craffgs, &c. An AS for ^f7)erjif9g the At'- 
taifider 0/Jacob Leifler, and others. And an AS for 
the Kin£s moft Gracious and Free Pardon^ but With 
the deception among others, ofaU Perfons who had 
been or fhould be impeached in Parliament durinz ^he 
frefent Sejpon. After which. His Majefty toldboth 
Houfes, ^ That he was come to ghre them Thanksf 
• for the Supplies provided for carrying on the 
^ War^ and at the (ame to conclude this SeiCon, 
^ which could not be continued longer without mani- 

^ to be wifli'd tne Bufinefi at rforae would have aU 
^ low'd him to have been there (boner, That he 


^f The Reiffi 9f King 

A« C * WDuU take Care to place the Admbiftfatlon o£ 

tS^f. ^ AflEiirs during bis Abfence, in fiich PerfooSy co 

^^>r\J ^ wbofe Cue aikl Fidelity he could entirely depcod ^ 

* and that he doubted not but every one of die 
*. Lords, and the Gentlemen of the Houfe of Com- 

* mons, in their (orend Stations, would be adiftiiig 
*to them; which was what he required ot rfaeniy 

* and that they fliould be more than ordinarily Vi- 
^ gUant in preferving the Publick Peace. ^ This 

..^^Speech being ended, the Lord Keeper, by His Ma- 
yiS^^^** Command, Prorogued die Parhament to die 

JMjTfx To ctTe the Reader a full and continued Prof- 
^i^9^th9 pea ofthe Proceedmgs oi both Houfes againft Bri. 
Wkti. ^ iiery and Corruption, I have purpofely over-look- 
ed iercral other Faflaces in Parliament, on whichk 
is neceffiuy we fliould now caft our view* The 
lending the Fleet to the Sntights was certainly moft 
adyantageous to the Confederates Intereft : yet ne- 
▼enheleu,ibme Members of the Upper Houle. under 
dif plaufible Pretence of Good- Wul towards the pre- 
lent Govemment,tho\perbap8 otherwifi afFeded, en* 
deavour'd to fliew the Dan|^ and Inconvenience 
of it. But, however, the major part of that ^ifpis/^ 
Aflembly entertained (ar different Sentiments^ as 
appeared by their Addrefi of Thanks to his Majcfly 
for lb ordering it : and it haroen'd very luckily, in 
Confirmation of their Lordlbips Judgments, mat 
2Vm Kews came Cxm after, that the Flimauth; Carit/b^ 
FfOich fiewcuStle^ Sctubmnpt^n^ FsUtnomb^ and Adventure Fri* 
M» #/ gats had fought and * taken in the Channel of Mi/- 
^jrr^M.^^ not far from Mr^4, two firencb Men of War, 
Jan. IS. ^^^ ^f yorGuns, call'd the Cement^ and the other 
^' ^* the TriWr, of do Guns. 

The Cm' ^ ^^ ^^^ ^ •^^'' ^^* H4r/fjr, from the Com- 
fjggHs jid' miiConers for Taking and Stating the Publick Ac- 
drefs 4H compts, reported to the Houfe of Commons, the 
gainfi the Matter upon the Petition of the Iim-keepers and 
C#W// ef Vi^allers of the City oi Coventry ; and alfb, upon 
the Arwj. j^eral Petitions and Complaints touching the hiflf 
Arrears due to the Army ; whereupon the Com- 
mons reiblv'd. That an Addrefs be preiemed to tfie 
V&agy that he would be pleas'd to give Dire^ons, 


WILLIAM the Thir J. 49 

that the Coloiiels and other Officers of the Army, A. C- 
imployed for the Redudtion of Ireland^ might fpee- i6^f, 
dily account with, and (acisfie their Inferior Officers, ' 
and Soldiers, as they had receiv'd Money from his 
Majefty ; which Addrels having been Prcfented ac- 
cordingly, his Majefty Anfwer'd, That he had al-'^^ ^^^g^s 
ready f^iven Orders^ as well in Flanders, aJ in England, '^•/^^''* 
for the doing what was mentioned in ;V j and thatfome 
officers who negle^ed to comply with the Diredions, had 
been Cajhie/d \ however^ that he would give thofe Ordert 
under the fever eft Penalties to fuch as [hould difobey them. 
. Befides the forementioned Grievances, which re- B«^y?/i/^" 
quired the Wifdom and Application of the Parlia- ^/ ^^^ Ca/i*; 
ment for their Redrefi; another difficulty lay at t March 
this time moft heavy upon the Nation : The Cur- **^^' 
rent Silver-Coin ot this Kingdom had many years 
began to be ClippM and Adulterated ; a Mifchief 
which of late had been induftrioufly promoted, and 
fccretly carried on by the Enemies of the Govern, 
xnent j and the dangerous Confequences of it being 
either not heeded, or wilfully negledled, our Mo- 
ney was fb fa^f diminifli'd and debas'd, that Five 
Pounds in Silver Specie was fcarce worth Forty Shil- 
lings, according to the Standard j and not one piece 
in four that was not cither lro% Brafs or Copper 
Walh'd over or Plated. The Nation foffered un- 
(peakably by this Evil, both in carrying on the War, 
as well as Trade , and as the Cure of it could no 
longer be delayed without apparent and inevitable 
Ruin, theHoufe of Commons on the 8th o(3^anua^ 
ry appointed a Committee to receive Propofals 
to prevent Clipping of the Coin of this Kingdom,* Match 
for the future, and the Exportation of Silver. This '9^^- 
Committee having (at fevcral times, Mr. Scobell Re- 
ported their Opinion, * i . That the beft way t6 pre- / - 

* vent Clipping the Silver Coin was to new Coin the 
^ ftme into Mill'd Money, x. That 1000000 /. was 
^ a (iifficient Sum to make good the Defficiency ob 

* theprefentClipp'd Coin of this Kingdom. 3. That 

* the Money hereafter to be Coin'd (hould be of the 

frefent Weight and Finenef?. 4. That the Crowa 
iece (hould go for f s. 6d. and the Half-Crowa 
I for 2 i. 9 rf. s. Ttet all Money %q be Coined un- 

Eec • * der 

A. C. 
169 f. 

t April 

lofh. and 

* April 

* April 

jiddrefs of 
the Coni^ 
tntns aboiU 
the yillhf* 

The Reign ofKhg 

der the Denomination of the HalE-Crown, fliould 
have a Remedy of Six Pence in the Qunce. 
6. That for as much of the prefenc Coin as any 
Perfon b/ought into the Mint, he (hould have 
Weight for Weight, and the Overplus by a Bill 
or Ticket, at ■ per Cent, on a Fund to be ap- 

fropriated for that purpofe. 7. That the prefcnt 
idws againft Clipping be enforced by ibnie 
Additions. 8. That all Perfons whole Profeflions 
require fiich like Tools or Engines as may be 
made u(e of for Coining or Clipping, be obliged 
to Regifter their Names and Places of Abode ; 
and that it (hould be Penal on fuch as (hould neg- 
leGt to do the fame. 9. That it be Penal on dl 
ibch Peribns on whom Clippings are found; 
1 o. That it be Penal on all (uch Perlons as give 
more for any Silver Coin, than it ought to go for 
by Law. 11. That no Preflfes, fiich as are ufed 
for Coining, be in any other Place, than his Ma- 
jefty 's Mint. ' i x. That it be Penal in all fiich Per- 
fbns as (hould Import any CUpM or Counterfeit 
Money, ij. That it be Penal in any Pcrfbn to 
Export Englijh Bullion, and the Proof to lie up- 
on the Exporter. 14. And laftly, that it be Pe- 
nal on any Perfbn to Counterfeit any Foreign 
• Mark upon Bullion, This Report lay fbme time 
negleftcd in the Houfc of Commons, till the Lords 
having Pafi'd an Kdito Prevent the Counterfeiting and 
dipping the Current Coin of this Kjngdom^ * and fenr it 
down to the Commons for their Concurrence : * Th# 
Refblutionsof the faid Committee were taken into 
Confideration, and out of fomc of them feveral A- 
mendments * inferted in the Lords Bill Theit 
Lordfhips agreed * to the Amendments made by 
Commons, and fb the kdi receivM the Royal San* 

Upon the 1 8th of April the Commons taking in- 
to Confideration the great Expences of the Nation, 
towards the carrying on the War, and Support of 
the Grand Confederacy, Refblv'd, that an Addrefs 
be Prefented to the King, that his Majefty in his 
great Wifdom , would pleaf^ to rate care for 
th« future, th« tlui jKfflsdon^ be put upon an 

^ equal 

WILLIAM the Thirl Ji 

equal Foot and Proportion with the Allies, in C. Al 
bearing the Charge of the prcfenc War. An Ad- i6^f 
drels to that jjurpofe having been prefented to the Kyy^\J 
King, his Majefties Anlwer was, That in this^ as in 
eT^ery thing elfe^ he fbould alvfays endeavour to have a ^' KifigU 
Jue Hfgard to the Interefi and to the Honour of this Na-'^fi^* 

The Rigour and Length of the Winter Sea(bn» the 
Scarcity of Seamen, by reafbn of the Fleet being in 
the Streights^2Lnd the Coalfhips wanting Convoys, to 
. iecurc them from the French Privateers, which at this 
time very much infefted the Narrow Seas ; allthcf^ 
I lay, having rais'd Coals to an exorbitant Price , 
whereby the poorer (brt were reduced to a Starving 
condition ; the Commons did unanimoufly * Voteyg^ Comi 
an Addreis, to de(ire the King that he would pleafemtfi/ Adm 
to Ifliie his Royal Proclamation, That the Lorddreft stoia 
Mayor and Aldermen of the City o^London^ fliouldCof'/* A« 
fortnwith put in Execution the Laws for Regulating P^^ *'^« 
the Prices and Meafiires ot Coals ; and that his Ma- 
jcfty would Order Convoys for the Coal-(hips: And 
at the fame time they Ordered a Bill to be brought 
in, to Enforce and make more efie£bual the (aid . 
Laws relating to Coals. His Majefty caus'd his 
Proclamation to be Iflued out three Uays after ; but 
as for the Bill it lay negleded after it had been Read 
a Second time, and fbloft. 

Several other Bills were ftt on foot in this Seflioo bHU ttfi 

of Parliament, namely a Bill touching Free and Intpar^wtjkifi/d^ 

tial Proceedings in Parliament \ whicn was begun in 

the Houfe ofCommons, and there reje6l:ed after the 

the third Reading; A Bill for {(emulating Trials in Ca^ 

fes of High Tre^on ; which havmc paft the Lower 

Houfe J was amended by the Lords, and occafion'd 

(everal further Conferences and Debates between both 

Houfes ; Another Bill for Hegi^ring Memorials of 

Deeds^ Conveyances and IVills^ wnich Was obftru6kcd 

by the Lawyers in the Houie of Corhmons, as tend-^ 

ing^ to Abridge Lawfuits ; and therefore fpoiling 

their Trade. A Fourth, /or the Encouragement ofPri- 

vaUtrs ; A Fifth, for the Encouragement of Seamen s 

A Sixth to difable Perfons from Voting in EleSions of 

timbers to fene in Parliament^ who fimli refine w 

^ Ecc X t^ 


si 3% Reign ef King 

A. C uk^ tfx Oaths to the Government^ which never canSe' 
169 5. ^o * Second Reading ; A Seventh,/or the better difco- 
very rfBanfyupt EJiates^ which was only Read fwicc ; 
An Eighth, to Fsfl tl^ Forfeited Eftates\ in Ireland in 
bis Majefty, wherein as little Progrels was made. 
A Ninth, to Hegulate Printing- Ptejfes y A Tenth, I(e^ 
quiring certain Perfons to take the Oaths t§ his Majefty \ 
which having Pafs'd the Upper Houfe, and been fcnc 
down to the Commons, was by them Rejcfted, after 
the Second Reading; An Eleventh fent down al- 
fo by the Lords, for Naturali:(ing Foreign Seamen j 
which the Commons refufe'd to raft ; A Twelfth, 
io a/certain the Ajfi:{e of Bread \ A Thirteenth, to ob» 
Jige James Crags and Richard Harnage, to dif cover 
hov^ fome of the Moneys for Clothing the Army bad been 
difpos'd of; And l^ftly, A Bill for Punijhing Tracy 
Pauncefort, and his Brother Edv/ard Pauncefort,/flr 
Corrupt Praclices , which having been Read Three 
times by the Commons, was Ordered to lie upon 
the Table. 
T^ft^rench ^ The Diilreffed French Exiles upon account of Re- 
Refugees licioa, having loft their beft Support by the Death 
Petttjtn Qf the Queen, and Sollicited the Court to little pur- 
the Cow. p^^ ^ implor'd at laft the Intercellion oi the Com- 
mh^th ^^^^^ ^"^ humbly befought thern, that their deplo- 
^ * rable Condition might, be taken into confideracion ; 
whereupon the Commons, out of a Generous and 
Addrefsto Chriftian Tendernefs, Prefented an Addrefs to the 
the Ring King, That his Majejiy would he pleased to take the Poor 
in their pren^ Refugees into his Princely Confideration^ and 
favour. ^Qifchfafe them fome Helief., to which Addrefi his 
The jK/iigV Majefty Anfwered, That he was defirous to have it cam^ 
Anfver. fl^^d W'VA, and would dire^ the Lords of the Treafury 
to Conjidery and Report to him^ the Fund wherein to 
place that Charity. Thus much for this SciTion of 
Dr. Ten- On the idrh o^ January the Election of Dr. Tennis 
iiifon fon^ late Bifhop of Lincoln^ to be Archbifhop of 
^^^, Canterbury, was Confirmed in the Church of St. Mary 
Archbtjhop /^.^^^^ Undon, the Commiffioners prefent for that 
5|^y " jpurpofe, being the Lord Bifliopof Lowitw, Durham^ 
^* fVincheJler^ Coventry and Litchfield^ B^chejier, Exeter^ 

Salisbury^ Bangor and Rly, His Grace Was promo- 
^ . ^ ted 


WILLIAM theThirJ. . ?I 

Ijisd to that Supreani 'Station in the Church of JB«g/4«i A. C 
by the Recommendation of Dr. TiUotfon^ the late Arch- 1695. 
hbifliop ; folr whilft both he and Queen Mary were yet {j^^T^ 
alive, their Majeftiesdefir'd to know of him, who was 
the firtcft Perfon to fill up the Archiepifcopal See of 
./)i/W/if, which at that time happened to bevacstnt: 
Dr. TiSotfon, without hefitation, nam'd the 6i(faop of 
Lincoln^ as a Perfon for whom he had the greateft 
Efteem, on account of his mild Principles, which 
were agreeable to his own^ Dr. Tillotfon dying (boa 
after, the King immediately caft his EJyes upon Dr^ 
Tennifon to (uccced him ; Concluding, that fince 
he was fit for the Archbifhoprick o( Dublin, he might 
as well deferve that of Canterbury, However, this 
Choice raisM no fmall Difcontents ; for the Bifbop 
of L(>w^o«'s Friends, who both by that worthy Pre- 
late'^s Sation, and his having been to great an Inftru- 
ment in the late Revolution, did juftly look upoii 
the Archiepifcopal Dignity as his due, and therefore 
had made iome fteps in his Favour, could not but be 
piqued to fee another preferred ; Not toimention the 
Fears which many of the inferior Clergy began to 
conceive, from Dr. Tennifon" s Forbearance towards 
the Diffenters. As for the Bilhoprick of Likcoln^ It 
was beftowed on Dr. Gardiner^ Sub Dean of thai5 

The feme day the Parliament was Prorogued, t}cit Seven 
KingDeclar'd in Council, That he had appointed ^orixJ«e» 
the Archbifliop of Canterbury, Sir John Sommers Lordy^''^«» ^^ 
Keeper ofthe Great Seal, x\\tE^r\o[ Pembroke, '^^^^iS'^^^^V 
Privy Seal, the puke of Devon/hire Lord Steward ^'^ ^ 
of his Majefties Houlhold, * the Duke of Shrewshn* • rh^ were 
bury. One of his Majefties Principal Secretaries ohoth made 
State, the Earl of Dorfet Lord Chamberlain of his Ouhs, A* 
Houfhoid, and the Lord Go^/o/^W» fir ft CommifliorP"! 3®^^* 
ner of the Treafory. to be Lords Juftices of £«- ^<^94* ^^* 
gland^ for the Adminiftration of the Government, du-^"«^ ^*J 
ring his Majefties Abfence ; and at the fame tm^^ 
Sir fi^Biam Trumbai, was Conftituted One of ^^pZ'esdih 
Majefties Principal Secretaries of State, in the rooni po^j^f 
of Sir John Trenchar J, lately Deceased. The next ^* 
Day the Lord Henry Caul was appointed Lord De* 
pflty ohrilan^i and on the 8th ofthe feme Month, his 

"^4 ^^^ Reigfl of King 

C. A* Majtfty Created WiUiam de Naffku Seigneur Je S^ite^ 
i69f. ft^^^9 & Baron, Vilcount, and Earl of this King- 

dom, by the Name and Stile oi WiSiam i^lefiein^ 
JitUi bim Baron of Enfield^ and Earl of UpchforJ ; and the 
/f9*dL Lord Greiy of fVe^k^^ was alio made a Vifcount and 
Earl of this Kingdom, by the Stile of Vilcount Glen- 
JaUy and Earl of TanksrviHe. Four Days after the 
Kin^ went from IQ^nfington to Gravefend^ and about 
$ix m the Evening EmbarkM aboard the TViUiam 
and Mary Yatcht, attended by the Duke of Ormond^ 
the Earls ok EJJex and Portland^ and other PericMis 
of Quality : but there being little Wind, the Yatchts 
got not farther that Night than the Buoy in the Nore, 
The next Morning they joy n'd their Convoy, under 
the iCommand of Sir George ^k?y and oq the 14th 
Ih King lus Majefty fafely Landed at Oranie Polder^ and Ar- 
Aifivis iwriv'd in the Evening at the Hague^ where he was 
Holland, receivM with great Acclamations of Joy ; and where 
May i4^^.^e are forc'd to leave him for a while, to attend the 

Affairs of Scotland, 
'i/tfairs tf , "^^ ^}V having thought fit to call a Parliament 
Scotland. ^^ ^^^^ Kingdom, they met according to their Sum- 
The parIia*Oions oh the Ninth of M^y ; the Marquiisof Tire^i- 
went there dale^ his Majefties High Commiflioner went thither, 
Mef^/ May attended in theuiual manner, and his CommiiSon 
9^*. bein^ Read, his Majefties Letter to the Lords Tem- 

poral, and Commiliioners of the Shires, and Bor^hss 
Affembled in Parliament; was Read al(b, fettiog 
He Kin^t forth : * That the Continuation of the War ftill 
Letter to * hindred him from purfiiinghis Relblution of being 
$km, ^ amoncft them in Perfon, and fo obliged him to 
call them together, once more in his Ablence, 
That therefore he had appointed the Marquils of 
T^eeddahy to be bis Commiilioner, and to rcpre- 
(ent his Perlbn and Authority among them ; That 
the Marquifs had given Proofs of his Capacity and 
Experience in BuUnefi, as well as of his Fidelity 
and Zeal, by his many and long Services to the 
Crown and Nation, particularly lince his being 
Lord Chancellor, which would render bim veijr 
acceptable to them. That hb Majefty had full^ 
entrufled him with his Mind, and civeh him 
Foyers \o pafi all fuch LaW9 fqr mf good of that ^V^ 

VflLl^lkU theThirJ. 5J 

Majeftics ancient Kingdom, as had been Propo- A. C. 
fed to his Majelty at this time. That the Mar- 1(^9 j. 
quifs was to ask nothing of them inhisMajeftiesi^^^^^iYV/ 
Name, but that which the Intercft of the Coun- 
try made neceffary to be done ; that therefore his 
Majefty need not mention to them that the Subfi* 
dies for Paying the Forces were now Expired ; 
and that their Pcade and Safety rcmiir'd the Ktr 
newing of them during the War. That his Ma- 
jefty was glad of any Appearances of a DifpoGtioa 
to Moderation and Union about Church-matters \ 
and he hop'd they would Encourage it, and Pro- 
rnoce it, by removing the Subjefts of dift'erences asf ' 
much ^s they could. That he was not unmindfut 
of the Letter to him in the dole of thelaft Seflion ; 
That the known Interruptions he had had in BufJ* 
ne(s this Winter, had been a great hindrance to hina, 
but he was refblv'd to do whatfbever might be fair 
the Security of the Government, and theSatisfaiSli-, 
on of his good Subje<9[s. In the Conclufion, his 
Majefty recommended to them Calmnels and Una- 
nimity in their Proceedings; not doubting but 
they would Aft fuitably i?6 the Confidence he ha4 
put in them, in calling them again in his abfence. 
Thi$ Letter was back'd by the High Commiffioncr's,^^ , 
Speech, who told that great Affembly; * That his ^T ^'^* 
^ Majeftles tender Care and Concern for.their Safety Jj^3^ 

* and Welfare, did evidently appear, in mindin^^^ ^^ p^^ 
' every thing that might contribute thereto ; Partuuamint. 

^ cularly as to the Church, that all differences might 

* be composed; it being his Majefties purffefe, to 
f maintain Preihyterian Gqvernment in tne Church 
- o^ Scotland^ and that the Peace and Security bf the 

* Kingdom againft Foreign Invafion, and Intefline 
' Commotion be prqvided for : That if they found 

* it would tend tp the Advancement of Trade^ that aa 

* Aft be Pafled fqr the Encouragement of fiich a^ 
f fibdiild Acquire and EffabliCb z Plantation in Afrim 

* C4, or America^ or any other part of the World, 

* where Plantations might be lawfully acquired, W? 

* Majefty was willing to declare, that he would 

* gtaht totheSubjcfts of this Kingdom, m favour pf 
! thefe PUntathnsj^ foch Rights and PrivUcges, as 

' " ^" '^ • E.eeA !hc 

A. C. 


The Reign of King 

he granted in like Gafts, to the SubjeSs of his other 
Dominions. And that the Judicatories higher and 
Subaltern be fo Regulated! m their Proceedinj^s, 
as that Juftice might be adminiftrcd with the 
greateft uifpatch, and lead Charge to the People. 
Thar theft things had taken up fomepart of his 
Majefties Time and Thou^ts theft Moaths paft, 
and had been frequently difcours'd by him; andchen 
put in the Method or Inftruftions and Dire6^ions 
For his Grace's Behaviour. That therefore it only 
remained for them to take theft Weighty Affairs 
into confidcration, and to confult of the beft Ways 
««^ Means to enable his Nkjefty to perfe£l fb 


^ood dcfigns , by Granting him supplies for main- 
taining the prefentLand-Forces, and for Providing 
and Er.rcrtaining a competent Naval Force, tor the 
Defence of the Coaft, and Securing of Trade .- 
In order to which his Majefty had Granted a Com- 
miffion of Admiralty for managing the Afiairs there- 
of; not omitting to take care tor the other unavoi- 
dable Contingencies of the Government, wherein 
the Civil Lilt came (hort. Concluding, that the 
Difpatch of thefe great Affairs with Cheerfulnefi 
and Alacrity, would perfefta good underftanding, 
and perpetuate a Confidence between the King and 
them. The Earl of Amandale^ Lord Prefident 
of the Parliziment, made likewife a Speech to them, 
on this occafion. He acknowledged his Majefties gra* 
cious Letter, wherein he askM nothing for himfelf,' 
but only prevented their neceflary Cares for the 
Peace, Welfare and Advantage of this Kingdom ; 
he took notice of the frefh AfTurances they had qi 
his Majefties firm Refblutions, to ^ maintain the 

* Preshterian Government^ of this Church ; and (aid. 

* he hopM the moderation and calmnels that fhould 

* at this time appear in all their Proceedings in 

* Church Matters, would (atisfie the World, thAt 

* this is the Government moji agreeable to the Tern* 

* fer and Inclination of this People ; and moJi fuitable 

* for the Interejl and Support of their King^ the Civil 

* Government^ and Peace of this Kjngdom. And in the 
Conclufion, he Enforced all that had been fiid, 

* bytjne thing which did juftly challenge aniore 

W I L L I A M /i5;tf third. 57 

* than ordinary Zeal and Vivour in their Duty at A. C, 

* this time, which was the fid and irreparable Lofs idpy. 

^ they had faftained of the heft of Queens: wi(h- \jt^r^ 

* ing they might all of them make this uie of it. 

* that as now the whole Sovereignty was lodg'a 
' in his Majefty, it might appear by their A6Hngs, 
^ that they had doubled their forwardnefi and en- 

* deavours to ferve him ; which was the only way 

* now left them to Ihew their juft Sence ot their in- 

* expreflible Lofi,and to make ir, infomemeafure, 

* more Supportable by his Majefty. 

Thefe Speeches had the defir'd EfFeft ; the Parlia- Several 

ment ordered anAnlwer to his Majefty 'sLetter,and zxigood Lvm 

Addrefi of Conaolcance for the Death of the Queen '»*^' »* 

to be drawn up, and lent to his Majefty. And ap* Scotland, 

pointed a Committee for the fecurity of the King^ 

dom, and another for Trade. The firft of rhefc 

Committees having made their Report concerning 

the Supplies to be given to the King, it was unani- 

moufly rclolv'd,that the Sum of 1440000 ^OMxaAzScots 

be granted for Maintenance of the L4nd Forces, and 

for providing and maintaining Cruisers and Convoys 

for Defence of the Coafts and Trade ; towards the 

raifing of which fum they made an kOi for a Gene* 

ral Poll, another for a Supply of fix Months Ce& 

out of the Land Rents ; and a third for an additional 

Excife, and a fourth for three Months Cefii more. 

The other Committee after feveral fittings, pre* 

par'd an kO, for fettling aTrade in the Wcftern Plan^ 

tatitmsj which was approved and pafs'd. ^ Several 

other good Laws were made by this Parliamentj as 

an AEk againft PopiQi Parents makjng Deeds^ «r D;jC 

fofititmsj in prejudice of their Heirs who turn Protc- 

ftants. ' An Aft in favour of the Linnen Manufa- 

* ilory.' An A6t for obviating the Frauds of appa- 

* rent Heirs. An Aft for a Manufactory of Paper, 

* An A<a for fettling the Poft-ftages within the King. 

* dom of Scotland. An kOt for the fale of Bankrupts 

* Eftates, for the ulc o§ their Creditors An kSt 

* for thQ. Regulation of the Mint; An Aft againft 

* Intruder into Chiircheg without a Legal Call and 

* AdmiiGojn.' An. Aft ag;amft.Bla(phemy. Another a^ 
tgainft '^Prophancnefs. Another againft irregular ^ 

^' ' "• ^aptiini? 



► • • 

58 72^^ ^^^g^ pf^^^g 

A. C. * Baptifins and Marriages. And another concerning 
xCac, * ^^^ Church. An' Aa to raife 1 000 Men Yearly to 
- * 1 * recruit the Sco^b Regiments now abroad. An A€t 
* for burying in Scotch Linnen.^ And laftly. An A£i 
V ^ for Ere3:ing a publick Bank in this Ktngdona. 

HeSUugl* But this SdCon of the Scotch Parliament is chief* 
tir§ftbi ly remarkable in this piece of Hiftory, for their 
Glencoe ftrfft Inquiry into a Paffage that made a great noife 
^^J^^ in the World. - In January 1 6^%^ the King fent In- 
fiir*d '"^'^•ftniiftions to the Commanders of his Forces in Scot^ 
land^ touching the Highland Rebels, who did not in 
due time accept of the Benefit of his Majefty's Indem- 
nity; and which contained a Warrant or Mercy to 
all, without Exception, who (hould offer to take the 
Oath of Allegiance, and come in upon Mercy, tho' 
the firft day of January 169?, prefixt by the Procla- 
mation ot Indemnity was paft. Contrary to his 
Majefty's Intentions, }8 of the Inhabitants of G/en^ 
eoe, a Town in the North of Scotland, after they had 
laid down their Arms, were inhumanly butchered iq 
their Beds, their Hotjfcs plunder'd, and their Cattle 
carried away in February 169^ ; Which piece of Bar- 
barity having given the King's Enemies a fcemingly 
juft Occafion of Refleftingon his Government, the 
the Committee for fecurity of the Kingdom made a 
Motion for inquiring into that Matter. Thereup- 
on his Majefty's Commiffioner acquainted the Parlia- 
ment, that the Kin§ had given Commiffion to feye- 
ral Perlbns to make inquiry into that Affair, which 
Commiffion being produced, read, and agreed to, 
it was unanimouQy Voted, that the high CommiC 
fioner ihould be defired to tranfmit their humble 
Thanks to h\$ Majefty for his Cat&to vindicate the 
Honour of the Govemmentj-and the Juftice of tha 
Nation, by granting (uch a Commiffion. 

The Commiffioners appointed by the King to en- 
quite into the Slaughter of the Glencoe Men, ha- 
^ Tune /J&.ving (pent fome Weeks in that Affair, * prefenttfdtp 
jQth the Parliament the private Articles agreed irt JN- 
(y 1691. between the Earl ot Af^cdalhine^ andMajot 
General JB//cib/wi, wi?h feveril 6f the Highland Qm: 
as alfo the Depofitions of tlie Laird of Glengarie and 
Colonel Hi//, cQHtailiinglnfonaationS'ofi^ighTw^ 


WILLI AM the Thirsf. S9 

Ion againft the (aid Earl of Brodalbiue^ which )>eing /^. G. 
Read, after feme Debate, an Order was made for. .169 f. 
his Prbfecution before rhe Parliament, and for his t^TSil 
Committment to the Caftle of Edinburgh i f A Fort" f June 
Tiight after the Report of the CommifHoners wajs 2^k. 
communicated to the Houle, and the fame beiQg 
Read ; with the Depofitions of Wime(fes, the 
King's Inftru£Hons, and (everal Letters from the 
Mafter of Sfairs^ Secretary of State, it was Vo- 
ted by unanimous Confent, that his Majefties hh 
ftruSions to Sir Thomas LicvingAone.andColonelHiliy^ 
€0iuaiiid no IVarrant for the Execution of the Glencoe J^?^ 
Affif ; thdt thefaid Execution was a Murder ; that the *^^* 
Majier of StSiirs^s Letters did exceed the Icing's InFtruSi- 
ens, t and That Sir Thomas Levingftone, badf^^^fon to ^J?^ 

five the orders he had given. Oh the Second of Ju(y the *^'^* 
Parliament went upon the fame Affair ; and Colonel 
Hiff, and Lieutenant Colonel Hamilton were caU'd ; 
the firft appearM, was ExaminM and Cleared ; but 
the latter not appeaHng, was Ordered to be Appre- 
hended y 'I' and afterwards Voted Guilty of the Mur(krf]ulytti, 
of the Glencoe Men. Then the Houfe Proceeded 
againft the other Perfons that were Afkors therein ; 
and agreed upon an Addrefi to his Maj^fty, that he 
would (end them home to be Proiecuted, or not, as 
his Ma^efty (hould think fit ; and that he would take 
into his Princely Confideration the Cafe ofthcG/^^-^ 
coe-Mtn. This Addrefe was * two days after recom* J°^y 
mended to the King's Commiffioner, to ise ttanfinit- ' 
ted to his Majefty, with Duplicates of his,]|^ia}eftie8 
Inftru£tions, ana the Mafter of S/tf/rj^s^ Liters; at 
the fime time his Majefties CommiHioners received 
the unanimous Thanks of the Parliament, for lay- 
ing the DifcoFery of the N^atter <£ Glencoe be&re 
them, and &xt their careful Procedure in their Com- 
miiCon; And a new Prote6Hoa was. Granted to 
the G/^nra^-Men. 

On the Firftofy«(r, the Earl of 2Jr^i/4/t/«^ being ''r^ff^f 
broiigjit to the Bar of the Parliament, in order to g^^'jf'*' 
his Tiyal, delivered in a Petition PrayinjS, .h^Brodi 
Hu^hc^ be ^Uowediome competent ume for brmgmg biqc. 


of Witoiefi&s from remote Places, and for recovery 

of (uch DocumentSj as be was to majce ufe of for 

66 The Reigft of Klnf^ 

A. C. his Vindication, both from the Secretaries OfBce at 
• 169/. London^ and his Houfe in the Country. The Ad- 
\,00'^ir\J vocates on both fides* having been heard upon this 
Petition, it was put to the Vote, whether the Day 
for his Lordfhip to give in his Defence fliould be 
the 8th or ijth of the Current Month; and it 
was carried the lyth ; and that in the mean time he 
might raife Letters of Exculpation. Then the In* 
didment againft him was Read, and heRem:4nded 
^And M» to Prifon. The fime Day the Procefi of TVeafbn, 
gainfitbe at the inftance of the King'^s Advocate, apainft the 
. fjr.'.f^ Earl of Mclfort^ and others in France, being call'd, 
to ifalr ^^^. King's Advocate produced his Warrant from the 
Melfort ^'^^y Council, for raifing this Procefs againft them, 
snd Sir ' ^^ defired that it might be Recorded. Afterwards 
Ad^m t^c IndiSment was Read, and the King's Advocate 
Bbir. declared he infifted at that time only againft the 
Earls oiMiddleton and Melfort, and Sir Adam Blair^ \ 
and on that part of the Indictment which recited. 
That by the A61 of Parliament i 69 2 . it was Declared 
Treafon to be in France^ after the i ft of Auguft KJ9}. ' 
and therefore craved the Indi6i:ment might be found 
to be good in Law , which being put to the Vote, 
it was carried in the Affirmative. The next Day 
the Houfe Pafs'd Sentence againft the Earls of Ai/X 
dleton and Melfort^ and Sir Adam Blair, to (orfeit 
Life and Fortune : and Ordered the reft who adhe- 
red to his Majefties Enemies, and were then in 
, in France^ to be profecuted before the Lords of the 
Jufticiary . On the i yth of Jn/y, the Earl of Bra- 
dalbitie^ being again brought to the Bar, begg'd more 
iime to make his Defence, which was granted him 
till the 2 jth of the feme Month : but all the Pub- 
lick Affairs being happily concluded by the i7tb# 
it was mov'd and agreed to, that' the Procefi of 
Treafon againft him ihould be continued till the 
next Seffion of Parliament : After which his Ma? 
jeff ies Commiffioner gave the ' Parliament Thanks 
for their Real and Hearty Compliance with bis Ma^ 
Jefties Demands ; Recommended to theirs the Pre* 
7t<P/ir/;Vr- (ervation of the Publick Peace in their fevejalGounr 
vtentAdm tries, and Adjourned tbeoi till the Sev^n^ of Na* 
ifnm^d, wwAfrnextr ' ' ' " 

f— ^ » 


mLLl A U the fhirj. 6t 

"W^lulfl: the Parliament of Scotland was Sitting, A. C 
^/Ir. Craven^ Mr. Burnet^ and Mr. Thompforiy three ifijj. 
of tVie Minifters in the Synod of Aberdeen^ who 
protefled againft the Commifllon of the late Ge- 
neral Aflemhiy, were call'd before the Houfe, and 
Elxaniin'd. After fome Debate the Churches of 
thc^iaid Minifters were t declared to be vacant;f jjjy ,« 
and they debarr'd from the Exercife of their minifte- Prwrti/^^ 
rial Fun6lion, until they had qualified them(elveg*^iw'»/^ 
by taking the Oath of Allegiance to his Majcfty : ^^'•^^ Pr^, 
and Sublcribing the Aflurance ; and Imprifbn'd till ^^fl^H Mim 
they gave caution not to g^ on the North fide of the '*'^^^* 
River Forfh^ under the Penalty of i oo /. Sterling. 
However, the feid Minifters were Four Days after 
fet at Liberty,^ upon their fingle Promife not to go 
beyond that River. 

Having takeh a Prolped of the Civil AiTairs at 
home, let us now give our Attention to the Military ^'^^^'^ 
abroad ; and confider how Matters ftood on both j" ^^ 
fides, before King miiiam open'd the Campaign. ' 
When the King o£ France fiw in 1691. bis Majcfty 
of Great Britain difingag'd from the Iri/h War, and 
the following Year, 'the Eleftor of Bavaria pofTcfi'd 
of the Government of the Spani/h Netherlands^ his 
moft Chriftiah Majefty bent the Streft of his Arms 
that way, in order to break their Mealures ; and in 
two (iicceflive Campaigns made himfelf Matter of 
the Important Places of Monj and JSlamur^ before 
thofe two Princes could gather a fufficient Force to 
prevent it. But the two next Campaigns the Fi'encb 
met with more Difficulties, and a ftronger Oppofi. 
tion than they expe6ied from the Allies. Kinff 
miliam early Pollefling himfelf of the Camp oT • 
Parhi, in 1693. diflipated the Golden Dreams of 
their Court, defeated their Defigns upon Brabant^ 
and.forc'd their King to a (peedy Return to Verfailles • 
and the Vidlory they obtain'd the fame Year at Lani 
den^ ftood them in fo much, that by it they loft in 
1694. the Superiority they had the preceeding Years 
over the Alhcs. And tho' this laft Campaign was 
wholly fpent in obferving one another, like Ene- ' 

mics whole Fprces being almoft equal, endeavour to 
over-match the oppofite Party by the Advantage of 


6z the Reign of King 

A. Ct the Ground, yet it was concluded to the Honour oi 
I dp/, the G>nfedcrates by the Retaking oi Vuy i a Place 
/ which, in time, prov'd of more Importance than k 
was at firft apprehended. 

King TVilUafn being fenfible that the Poller or 
' Ffance was in i^s Wane, and that the Allies on the 
other hand encreafed daily in Strength, Refblv'd toi 
form (bme coniiderable Enterprize the following 
Year, either in Flanders^ or on the Maefe^ according 
as the Enemy would give him Opportunity to put it 
in Execution on either (ide. In order to this, be- 
fore his Majefty left HolUnd^ he gave Dire£):ions for 
die letting up and Storing of great Magazines in /e- 
veral Places, and for the making all other neceflaiy 
Preparations ; and ordered two Armies to be early , 
in the Field, to keep the French in Awe on both fides, | 
^nddraw their whole Strength on that for which ! 
their Jealoufie (hould be greateft, and afterwards hH I 
on the other with more Probability of Succefi. A I 
Siege in FUndets feem'd to be attended with lefi dif- 
ficulty than on the Maefe^ where the only Place 
that could be attempted was Namur^ tha ftrongeft 
of all thtLmCoumries ; and therefore as mott Popple 
look'd upon (iich an Undertaking as altogether id^po* 
fible, fo the French themlelves turn'd their greateft 
Precautions towards Flanders^ where they drew a 
New Line from the Lp to the Scheldt before the Al- 
lies could form a Body ot Troops to oppofe them. 
By thefe Motions of the Enemy, and their not en- 
creafing their Forces, 'twas eaCe to ludgethat thejf 
would content themlelves to aft defenfively this 
Summer. Not to mention the Lofi of their beft Ge- 
neral, the Duke of Luxemburgh^ who dyed towards 
the Beginning of this Year ; and whole Place was 
but ill lupplied by the Marihal de Villeroj. 

Whilft the French were perfefting their Lines, 
the Confederates, who were foperior to them by 
near aOooo Men , formed two great Armies ki 
Wanders and Brabant. The firft which confiftcd of 
70 Battalions of Foot, and 8a Squadrons of Horfe 
andDragopns, moft EngUfhvLadScotchj and the reft 
Dutch J encamped at Aerfeele^ Canegheni^ and JVou^ 

terghem^ betwen ThMdt and 2>9^<r| andwastobe 


WILLIAM the third. tfj 

commatidec! bjr the King in Perfbn, and under Wmi ^. q^ 
\>y t.\ic Old Prince of Vaudemont, to whom His Ma-- | >^^ 
jefty had given laft Winter the Command in Chiefr ^'^* 
d€ his Infantry. The Lieutenant Generals of the 
' Foot were, Count de Naffau^ Sir Hemj BeSaJjfe, and 
Count de Noyelies ; and the Major Generals were 
Colonel Churchill^ Bfimfe^^ La Melonierey and the 
JMarquifi Jtf M/Vtfwowf. MonGeurOz;rr/yr/^wasGc. 
^ ncral of the Horfe, having the Marquifi de la Fa^ 
reft Lieutenant General, and Major General £///«- 
^tr under him ; Colonel Goor commanded the Eng^ 
' lijh Artillery ; Quarter Matter General Dopjf'wzr 
to attend the King's Perfon ; and the General OF- 
' ficers who had accompanied His Majefty from Eng'^ 
* land J were likewife to ftrve in this Army ; whidi 
upon occafion, was to be reinforced by Twenty 
Battalions and Ten Squadrons, that lay near D/x- 
nrnyde^xxnAet the Command of Major General Ellem* 
t^g' The other Army con fitting of 36 Battalions 
of Foot, and i jo Squadrons of Horfe, bf the Troops 
of Sfain^ Holland and Bavaria^ encamped at ^licb 
X and Ham^ on the Road from Brujfels to Dender^ 
mond, and was to be headed by the Eleflor of Bi- 
varia, and under him, by the Duke of Holftein'- 
Ploen^ the Spanifh and Bavarian Generals, the Earl 
of Athlone^ General of the D«^^A Horft, and Mon- 
fieur Tetteau^ General of the Ordinance. There was 
alio another little Army, which was called the Body 
of the Maefe, which lay encamped towards Bref and 
Falais on the Mehaigne. This Body confifted of 
.1 8 Battalions of Brandenburghers^ and Seven Dutch ; 
and of 1 7 Squadrons oF Brandenburgh^ and i f oiLiege^ 
the whole commanded by the Baron de Heyden^ Lieu- 
tenant General of Brandenkurgh^ and Count de Bcrlo 
^ General of the Liege Cavalry ; who were to be 
joined by the reft ofthe Brandenburgh Horfe, which 
came down along the ^ine. On the other hand, 
the Marflial de Villeroyy who commanded the French 
Forces in Chief, had drawn his Army together at 
l.«;{e, between Condi^ ToUrnay and Aeth ; JMaHbal 
deBoufflersj and Count G«i/c4r J with a Body of a- 
bout 1 2000 Horfe* and Foot lay encanipcd about 
i^ l^kfi ^ Monfiear Mental- wrai another 




^4 the Reign of King 

A. C. finall Body lay between Ures^ and the Fort La 

i (Jp ^ . K^^^'f^y ^^ obferve Major General Ellentberg. 
^^y^j Tnis was the Pofture both Parties were^ in -when 
*Thi King the King left L00, and came to Breda, in his ^way to 
strives at Ghent j where His Majefty was * received both by 
Ghe«t. the Governor and the Burghers, with the like Re- 
June jfth foe6ls that are ufually paid to a King of Sjfasn. 
N- S. TheEleaor oi Bavaria, and the Duke oi Hofftein^ 
Floen waited upon His Majefty at his arrival, being 
come to Ghent (bme Hours before from their Ar- 
my« which by this time had march'd to Ndnove; 
and the £ime Evening His Majefty went to his 
Army at Aerfeele. Two days after, upon intcUi- 
gence that Marfhal de Bouffiers had pafled the Sam" 
bre^ and that the Duke de ViUercy was come to Bf- 
canaffe on the Schelde^ to deftroy the Forage on this 
iGde ; the King (ent Orders to the Earl ol Athlone to 
marm with 40 Squadrons from the Duke of Ba- 
variah Camp at Ninove, to obferve Bouffiers^ who 
was now advanced to Flerus i and having beftowed 
the three following Days upon the. Review of his 
Forces, which he found in very good Condition, 
his Mswefty detach'd on the inh o(June(li. S.J 
three Brigades of Horfe commanded by the Mar- 
qui(s de la Foreft to reinforce the £le6tor o(Bavarta ; 
and the next day decamped himfelf from AerfeeUj 
and marched his Army to Hpufelaer^ having (ent 
all th^ heavy Baggage to Bruges. On the^ 1 3 th the 
Royal Army continued their March three Leagues 
further, and encamped at Becetaer^ from whence 
a Party was fent out, that routed two of the Enemies 
Parties, and purfiied them to the very Walls of 
If res. Marfliul de Villcroy inarched at the feme . 
time from E/canaffe. ^nd retired behind the Lin^s 
between Menin ^m Ipres ; having detached Ten 
Thoufend Men to reinforce Bouffiers, who was ad- 
vanced to Pont Effierre. The lame Day in the 
• T^^ J. * Evening the King went to view the Enemies 
If. 5^ ^* Lines, and found the main Body oi their Army 
encamped within them, ftanding to their Arms, as 
expeflmg to be attacked ; bat tho' there was little 
Probability of Succefi n attempting to force their 
Lines, yec it was biguly convenieat for His Ma- 

WILLIAM the fhirJ. 6$ 

Icfty^s Projeft, to give the Frwci (iich Umhrag^ A. C 
as %o oblige them to bring all their Forces to de- itfpf. 
^end Aem. Therefore the Body of the Maefe ad-V^YV 
vanc'd towards Namur, and the Ele6^or of J)4tr^/tf 
inarched the 12th from 'Ninove\ pafled the Scheli 
on the ifth, polled himfelf at KpUinven near 
Mauttri'ue^ facing the new Lines, and forced Mar* 
Ihal Boufflers to retreat within them* 

The King, being informed of the Eleftor of £4- 
'pariahs arrival at I^ertfjjoven^ * detach'd Ma^r Ge- 
neral Churchill with Eight Battalions, to join Ma-* June 
jor General Ellemberg ; and the Duke oilVirtembcrg '7* 
marc^ied in the Night with Colonel Gtxfr^ Colonel 
Srown, 10 Pontons and 800 Pioneers to take upon 
him the Command of that Army, and to make an 
Attemj^t upon the Fort l^enc^ut, to encreafe the &. 
nemies jealoufie for FlanJcrs^ and draw their Forces 
more and more oq that fide. The £ime day the 
Ele^r of Bavaria made a Feint of attacking the 
jiew Line^ and his Majeft^ went to an Eminence 
to view the Enemy ; and it being confirmed on all 
H^ndS) that all their Fprces were within their Lines, 
His Majefty lent Orders to the Baron Je Heyden^ 
to advance towards Flanders^ with the Troops un- 
der his Command. Upon tbele Motions the Mar- 
Ihall de ViHeroy detached two Brigades from his Ar- 
my ; one towards Coulmay^ the other towards the 
Fort Kfnoque^ in the attacking which Prince Wir^ 
tembergh met with great Dimculties; and at the 
fame time His BriV^^niVit Majefty fent frefii Orders 
to the Earl oiAMone^ and the Baron ds Hejden to > 
conirer together, and concert Meafures towards the ; ' 
Siege his Majefty had in his Thoughts; which 
ftopt the March of the latter towards Flanders. 

Hitherto the King had not declared his Defi^^' 
but had cunningly purfiied his Stratagem of drawing 
all the Enemies Forces on one fide, that he mighc 
attack the other with lefs Oppofition. This ba« 
ying (ucceeded according to his Wifibes, his Ma- 
jefty direded the Earl ot Athlone and the EUre>n da 
H^den to inveft Namut ; and by an &prefs com- 
nuntcated the whole dcheme of the Siege to the 

Fff Duke 


66 the Reign of King 

A. C liukc of Bavaria^ who highly applatided the iami 
ifipy. According to his Majefties Orders, the Earl of Atl 
^i^SfSJ/p^tf being ioin'd by the Brandenburgh Troops, lei 
June a good BodyofHorfe ^Faiife^ and marched wit 
18. K $. i\^Q j.g(j towards CharUroy. At the fiimc time tl 
King having marched back his Army to J{pu/e/ae} 
left them there udder the Command of Prince ^a 
demont ; and attended by a ftrong Guard advanc'c 
himlelt towards the Maefe. Thefe Motions, roge 
ther with the great Preparations which were ma 
king at Maeftricht^ ^^^g^^ and H^r, put the French k 
(iilpence whether the Confederates defign'd to at- 
tack Kamur^ or CharUroy \ and the Marquifs de Har- 
court who had pad the Maefe near Dinant^ and who 
fear'd moft for Charhroy^ reinforc'd the Garrifon of 
that Place with a Body of Dragoons. But the Eari 
of Athlone having pailed the Samhre ztChajffeief^bG^ 
low Chdrleroy, marched again down that River to- 
wards Namur ; fo that his Lordlhip being by this 
time reinforced by a Body of Horfe and DragoonS) 
from the Elector of Bavarians Army, commanded 
by Count T*7/y, l|^ieutenant General, he took all 
the Pofts from the Sambre to the Maefe of the Town- 
fide the Falife ; whilft the Baron de Heyden with 
the Brandenburgh and Dutch Forces invcfted the 
Place between the Sombre and the Maefe. Another 
Detachment was ordered to furround Namur on the 
Cdndroi fide, but their not coming in time, by Realbn 
ofrhe difficulty of the Groynd. and the vaft extent 
of the Circumvallation, gave Marflial Boufflers^ who 
had made incredible Diligence, an Opportunity tt 
throw himfclf into the Place with feveral Reg!ment$ 
ot Dragoons, a great many- Volunteers, and Mon? 
fieur Megrigny at the Head of (everal Ingifleers Mi* 
ners, and Gunners ; infomuch that with this Rein« 
forcement the Garrifon confifted of near i/oo^ 
Men; and moft of them thebeft Troops of Fr^wofj 
NtmUf The King came to the Caftle of Fati/e on the S«J 
M^nvefted, ^ond of July 0>i.S) and the next day the Eleaol 
•Jj o ^' !^ Bavaria having brought up the reft of his Armj? 
^•^* with wonderfial Celerity, the Town and Caftle d| 
I^amur were intirely inveftcd ; and his Majefty dij^ 
pofed the Troops into xhsiv relpec^ive Clu^^r% 


_ W ILLI AM the Third. ,€7 

Mi<i jriK^ed each General his Poft. The Smtr^ K. d 
and the MaefeiXA naturally divide the Army into 169 jr. 
three General Qyarters , which were lubdividcd in- ^w^^y^j-/ 
to feveral others* The King's Quarters reached The Difpo» 
£rom the S4mbre to the Maefi towards BtahanP^ and/"'^ ^f^^^ 
tcre encamped aj Battalions, and lao Squadrons ftf^^^^'* 
tinder the Command of the Duke of HQlJiein^Bhm, 
the Earl oiAthhne^ Bamn Obdsmy Monfieur tcpteau^ ^ 

Count vfc T/Z&f, the Marquifi de la Foreft^ andr Met 
iieurs iVarfu^^n Hubert , Itterfym^ Salijfch mdFagdi 
his Eleftoral Highnels was pofted between the Sam- 
ire and the Ma^e^ with a4 Battalions, xo Squa- 
drons, the Spanijh^ and Bavarian G^enerals, General 
Coehorn^ and a Major General oiBrandenburgh-^ and 
in the Condroi^ along^ the Maefi^ both above and be- 
low the Town were incamped, the Baron de Heyden^ 
with the other Brandenbu/gh Generals, and Qo\mt 
de Birloy General of the Cavalry of Liege^ having 
I o Battalions,^ and 60 Squadrons under them. Fof 
the Communication of thde Quarters three. Bridges 
Were immediately laid, one on the SanAre^ and 
two on the Maefi ; and of thefe one was above, 
the other below Namur. The ftme day the King 
received Intelligence, That Marflial de ViUeroy had 
fcnt Ibme Detachments towards the Maefe-y That 
Prince H^irtemberg having amufed the French (ot 
i C»me time, and finding at length it was impofCble 
to hinder the Communication of JK^ewk/uej with 
I the Body/ under Monfieur Mantal^ was retired 
' from* before that Fort with 1 1 Battalions of Foot, 
and one Regiment of Horfe, and had joirfd Prince 
' Vaudemont ; That the latter being thus reinforc'd^ 
I had detached Major General H^fiy with 14 Bat- 
talions to attend his Maicfty; That Count WriN«f/i 
ffou^ Lieutenant Generali Was gone the ^me way 
with Eight Battalions more ^ and that he would h6 
followed by the Lord Cuffs with Ten others. The 
' next day nis Majefly viewed the Avenues tb the 
' Town, and. ordered abundance of Trees to be cut 
! down in the Forcft of Marline, to ftop the Pat 
[ (ages on that fide, and* cover the Retrenchnient 
^ made on the Road. The yth a«d 6th of Jufy^ 
I bQth Horfe and Foot being encamped, the Bcfiegers 


68 The Reign of King 

A. C. VorkM on the Circuimrallation, under the ^it^SS^ 
169^. 0^ of Oenefal Coehorn ; And the Earl of Athlone ha^ 
^y^ rmg repafled the Maefe with a Hundred Squadrons 
of Horte, mardied towards Pietan^ in Order ro con- 
(iinie the Forage there, and obfenre the Morionf 
of the Enemy. The Count deBerlo followed him 
with the Horfe of Liege ; fo that there remainVi 
but little Cavalry before the Place. 
DjficMbies On the other hand, the French prepared them- 
^tbii ielves for a vigorous RejSftance, and haviag been 
•'>/^ lately fo confiderably reiiiforc'd, e3tpe£tei no lefi 
than to defeat all the Arteitiptd of the Befieger& 
And indeed, we muft be obliged to cofifels, tiiac 
their Preemption Was not altogethergroundlefi^if we 
obferve, that Namur has ever been accounted one of 
the ftrongeft Towns in the Low-Ceunnies^ lx>tb by 
the Advantage of its Situation, and the Addition^ 
its Fortifications, which give it the Command over 
two great Rivers, and make it the beft Bulwark 
olBrabane. Over and above all this, the Place bad 
very much changed Conditions, fince it fell into 
die hands of a Monarch, who never fpar'd Charges 
to put his Frontiers and conquered Cities into the 
belt Defence they are capable to receive from Art 
tireMgtb rf^nd Nature. The Town then, was quite over- 
Jhm. looked by a fteep Hill, from the Pone de Fer^ (or 
Iron-GateJ to Porte St. Nicholas^ (St NicMas-Gate.) 
So that the French^ having the Libert/ to bring 
down their Batteries at firft to the defcent of that 
Hill, and to open their Trenches at the foot of it; 
near the Ma^e^ they made them(elves Mailers of 
It in five or fix Days. But now, to add a very 
confiderable ftrength to this weak part of the Town, 
die French had made a detach'd Baftion, on the AT- 
cent of the Hill before St. Nicholas-Gate^ ail of 
Stone- Work, with a Cafemate upon it Bomb-proof j 
the Counterfcarp of Free^Stone, as alfo the Co- 
vered- way which pointed iuft upon the top of the 
Hill ; (b that no Cannon from the Plain could bear 
Upon this Work ; and the Allies were neceiStared 
to batter it in Reverie fit)m the other fide of the 
Mk/#. This was not all : For upon the JUght, 
towsn^df &e tren^Gate^ die befieged bad made three 

-I • « . 

Vr ILLIAU the nirJ. 

^detadi'd Baftions of the fime Woric, juft upon the A. CJ 
Srow of the Hill, and at the Foot of tne fame, be- i Jf jc. 
fore the Gate ; and betwen the Hill and the Brook v^V^ 
^£pyerderen^ they had a Fourth which hindered the 
Avenyes between the hills to^ this Gate. The 
Plain npon thefe Hills was fortiRed with a dou- 
ble Covered- way, both palilTado'd, to defend thel& 
detachM Baftions towards the VillaM of Bou^e z 
And wben the Allies began to inveft the Place, 
the French were Working at a Third, nearer to the 
Brow of the Hill, juft before thefc Works ; fo that 
the Town, which before was but weak, was now 
^y the new Fortifications rendrcd €o ftrong, that 
it held out longer than the Caftle. Strenpb §f 

This Caftle, the Principal Strength ofNamur/tstbi CsfiU, 
l>uilt upon an Hill in an Angle formed by the Con- 
Suence of the Sombre and the Maefe^ and confifts of 
an irregular Fortification, (uch as the Ground could 
admit of, divided into the Old and New CalUe 
or Terra Nova, SitidCcehom^ or H^lllanCi Fort\ and 
tjhis likewise received fuch Additions &om ^e 
French^ as to leave it almoft^ unattackable the (ame 
way they tt)Ok it bfefore. Coehom Fort fell into their 
Hands oy carrying their Trenches round it alongj 
the bottom, between it and Terra Nov/t ; whtCQ 
Work being thus embraced, aiKl all manner of 
Communication cut off, was foon forc'd to liir* i 

render. To prevent the like for the future, the 
French built a ftrong Stone Redoubt, juft upon the 
top of the Hill, between the Coehorn and Te^ra-No* 
V4y with a Q^etnsLte upon it Bombproof; and 
^ this Redopbt commands all the bottom to the 
SanAre ; (b it had Ukewife a good Cqyer'd way, pal- 
li&dp'd from the Angle of the Gorge of the Ce^ 
)iQrn to phe Qrink of the Hill upon the Maefis 
(iAi to thi^, a very |bod Half Moon they had 
\ r^led before the Curtain of the Homework of the 
Terra Nev4\ besides their Fortifying the DeviPt 
lloufe, that ^nks the (ides o£ the Coehorn towards 
the Maefe, with ti, ftrong Stone Redoubt ; which 
iPlace, when the $f4n{ari$ had it, had but a iimi 
lie Hctrencbment about it, and yet it held out 
^ f$ fiy^ th^h I'rcMn the upper part of thq 


ya ^^ Reign pf King 

A. C. Cochcrn on the fide of the Mdefe, they had madfe S 
i^ocf 8^^ Covcr'd-way which embraced the before men- 
* tioned Redoubt, to the edge of the Hill upon tho 

li^lae/e ; and had undertaken a prodigious t'lne cut 
Into the Rock all along the top of the Hill, near 
an E>^?lijh Mile in length, terminating upon the 
edge of the Hill towards the SambrCf with two Re- 
doubts at each end. The Line was nnifli'd, and the 
[Redoubt towards the Maefc very forward ; but 
that towards the Sambre being but juft begun, they 
xnude ir up with Faftines, upon the arrival of the 
Allies before the Place. In Ihort, the Cattle was 
Jo well fortified on the top^ of the Hill^ that k 
would have been a very tedious piece of Work to 
have ^ttackt it this way; but the weak fide of it 
find Cochrn Fort was towards the Satnbre and the 
Town, which the French had not fo much regard- 
ed 5 being io confident of the impregnablenefi of 
the Place, that they had fet up this In(cription onbne 
cS the Gates ; ^ddij/uidem, fed 'vlnct non fcteft ; 
Intimating as if this Town ^ might hiitti, bereftor'd^ 
i^ut not retal^en, 

JNatmr bc»ing thus fortific^, and provided befide^ 
With all Neceflaries for many Months; with a' 
good ftore of Ammunition, a Hundred Pieces of 
Cannon, Twelve Mortars, Ten Thoufand Muskets; 
to foare, anda Garrifon of 12000 Men, command* 
ed by the Governor eoually cftcemed by his Kin^, 
and beloved by his Solaier$, fceaCd todefietheAt* 
tempts of the beft appointed and moft numerous^ 
Army ; but when Marfhsil de Boufflers had thrown 
bimlelf into it, with Seven choftn Regiments of 
Dragoons, a ^reat nuniber of Volunteers, Major 
General JV/rgr^^wj^, 2Xiothtjt Vauban^ followed ty the 
moft Slciiful Ingeniers, Gunners, Miners and %m^ 
bardlcrs of Frd7jce ; whe;i, I (ay, that General ba<] 
composed an Arniy to defend thofc Ramparts which 
were thought impeneti'able, 'twas then that thei 
French^ and their Favdurers, lopk'd upon hisBrrwa^ 
nick Majefty's Entelrprize as an unparalleled Te-. 
mcrity ; ahd doubcod noic but I^dmur #QuId be the 
Roc!^ on which the Grand Confederacy flioulcl 
i|(lit. But^li tb^ft IS'^^l, ftnd, in ap^arance, ini.' 


WILLIAM theThi^J. 71 

ncible, Obftacles, were not able to ihake King A. C. 
TViUUnC% Refolution , they fery'd only to keep his 169 j, 
Fortitude, Prudence, ancl Vigilance upon the Bent, 
and to make him concert efFe£lual Meafiires to 
Surmount all EWfficulties ; which he did to his Im- 
mortal Glory, the Aftonifhment of .his Eaemics, 
ftnd the Admiration of all Europe,' ^ 

To come to Particulars, the Lines of Circum- 
vallacion being finifh'd, the King, attended by the 
Eleftor of Bavaria, went, on the i oth oijuly^ early 
in the Morning, to the Baron de HsyderCs Quarters ; 
Here he was met by all the General Officers, with 
w^hom having view'd the Place, all were of his 
Maiefty's Opinion^ that the Attack upon the Town 
ougJit to be made againft St. Nlehohs Gate ; and 
therefore it was refblv'd that the Trenches ihould 
be opened on the Hill de Bouge^ and below along 
the Hermitage^ as alfo that in the Cendro:^ fide be- 
tween the iiill St. Barbe and the River; and that 
to favour the opening of the Trenches, the Baron 
de Heyden fliould raife a Battery of Ten Pieces of 
Cannon to batter in Reverie the Covered way and 
detach'd Baftion before St. HkkoUs Gate, which 
fac'd the Attack. Accordingly, the heavy Cannon 
being come up, the Trenches were open'd the next 
clay without any great Difturbanee from^ the Ene- 
piyj^^and the (ame day the Lord C«^/ arrived in the 
CaifipT with fix Battalions of Foot. The i ith the 
Batteries be^an to play, and the Trenches were 
fuccefsfully carried on. On the irjth Prince Vau^ 
demnt infortn'd the King, that the French leem*d to 
have fbme Defign in Flanders^ and that Aeth was 
nioft in Danger, The next day, upon Advice that 
the Marquifi d^Harcourt and Lieutenant General 
pmenej were in Motion, and might cafily fall upon 
our Convoys on the fide of the Condro:{ and Liege^ 
which was unguarded, his Majeflry detached ao 
Squadrons of Horie and Dragoons towards the Plain 
ot St. Severing between Buy and Liege ^ to obferve 
the Enemy ; and in the Afternoon a Bittery of four 
Pieces of Cannon was ralfed from the Emmence of 
'Bouge^ againft the old Tower of Co^uelet^ which 
very ©uch iagommoded the Befiegers. ^^ 

Fff 4 , Th© 

7x Tie Reign of King 

A. C. The fime day the King received two ILettfti 
i^9f- ^^™ Vtince Vaudemont : By the firft he was inform* 
ed that Marflial de VlBeray had paft the L,js at 
Courtray nnd Harlebeck, and that according to con)- 
inoD Report, he marched againd his Highnefs ; and 
by the Second, that the French General was aavan« 
ced as far as the River Mandel^ and that the Head 
of his Army having been difcover'd towards the 
Mill of Dentreghem^ the Prince of Vauicmont had 
drawn his Forces ih Battalta, pofted his Left oear 
Grantmen, the Right towards Aerfeele and Canegbem, 
and began to fortifie his ^Camjp. The^ imqunehc 
Danger that Prince found himlelr in on this Occafioa, 
and the admirable Conduit with which he extri- 
cated himielf out oF it, are PaiTages too remarkable 
to be paft over in filence, and will therefore juiti-^ 
fie the following Digreliion. 

Kfs Highnefs was informed on the ixthof ?ic^ 
fit Night, by a Signal from the Governor of Oude- 
nard^ that die Head of the Enemies Army bent 
their March towards Cordcs^ which was confirm'd 
to him by an Exprefi from the Governor of ^^^A; 
and almoft at the fame time he received Advice 
from C(unr4y^ that the day before the Yrench had 
laid Bridges over the Lys^ both above and below 
that Town. On the i ;th, early in the Morning he 
had pofitive Intelligence, that they wereaSually 
palling that River ; and on the other hand tbeCom* 
manders of the Caftles, which that Prince had Gar- 
rilbn'd on the River Mandel^ gave him Notice tnat 
the Enemy marched dire£kly againft him. Theife 
Advices, tho' different, were yet bott^ true: For 
Twelve Thoufind of the Enemies Horfe ma^e to> 
wards Cordes^ while the reft of their Army paffi?! 
the Lys. Md adv. need towards MandeL 

Upon tiiefe Informations the Prince oiVaudenmi 
gave Orders to his Army to be in readincfi, bya 
Signal of two Guns. But before he made any Mo- 
tion, hisHighnefe refolv'd tohaye aConfinnatioii 
of the pefigns of the Enemy. For a$ their march- 
ing towards Cordes with the greafeft Part ftf tlwa 
forces, might be in order to relieve Mwiw/y/whilft 
anqther Body acjvanc^ towards the Rivcf Af^»«?/, 

V7 ItLl AM the Thitih 73 

Stkly to mufe him ; Co if their whole Anny mardi- A. Ci 

e<i ia one Bod^, there were two Inconveniencies 1(^99. 

eo befear'd; To wit, either that thejr (houldfalli 

€>t) the Maritime Towns of Flanders^ in Cafe his 

(Iiebiefi march'd to the Left, to prevent the Re- 

lie! of f^Mnur ^ or diat thej ihould gain two Davs 

JMarch before him in their way to Namwr ; if he 

made too quick a Motion to the Right to cover 

the Places of Banders. Thele Refleaions obliged 

hixn to (pend the whole Day, being the i jtfa of 

yu/jf, in obferving the Enemy : He fiifFcr'd them to 

attack the Cafties of Ingelmtmfter and Mulenbeck^ ; 

ixrhich were, each of them, defended by 140 Men, 

ijvho necefiitated the Enemy to bring down Con« 

xion, before^ they would furrender ; which made the 

latter lole time, and gave the Prince reafbn to judge 

f3oat^ their whole Army marched ^ to attack him; 

Tlieir Vanguard appearing in the Evenihg at Or«- 

tregbem^ where his Right was pofted, confirmed hin 

in that Opinion . Whereupon his Higbnefi thought 

fit immediately to change the Diipofition of qi$ 

Camp, placing his Right at Aerfeelcj and his Lot 

at Grammen next the Lys ; and at the fame time or« 

derM Retrenchments to be made on both (ides. Th^ 

Count de Noyites who had the Command of thefe 

Worlb for the C«iter, and the whole Left Wing, 

^u(ed the General's Orders to be executed wiui 

^h extraordinary Diligence, that on the 14th by 

break of Day, he had made a very defenfible Line ; 

the riling Grounds upon the Right of Aerfeele^ were 

alfo fortified by Ten of the Clock in the Mom- 

inp; which done^ the Artillery was placed in the 

Riaht Flank, and m the whole Front of the Line. 

fii this Pofture, with $0 Battalions of Foot, an4 
/I Squadrons of Horfe and Dragoons, Prince ^v-* 
demmt refolvM to exped the Marefchal de VHerou 
cho^ the latter had double the number, with whidi 
he was marching on the 1 4th of July towards him, 
and came up early enough to have attackM him. Bu| 
whether it was that he found the Prince's Camp 
f> fironglv Fortified, or that he would not hazard z 
Battel, du hbntdl had taken his Poft in the Rear of 

^ the Ff ince^s Rii^^t^ to ikll upoq hiqi there^ ^ 


, 74 ^^ Rei^ of King 

A. C Ac (airfe time that the French Anny fiiodlH break u 
'^oc. ^jS^^^ft ^he Front, he remained in Sight of the A] 
ft^pyjy* lies that Evenings cxpc&ing to have attacked then 
^^^ early in the Morning, and in a manner to hav( 
caught them in a Net, by invironing them on al 
'Prtnti fides. The Prince ol: Vaudemont being inform'd oi 
Vaudc- ^nfafs Motion, and finding he had already pais'd 
monCs the Thielt^ wifelvchang'd his Refblution of Fighting, 
fne Rir and thought it ntgh time to provide for a Retreat. 
sreat. Thereupon with great Preftncc of Judgment, he 
July 14'^Order'd the Intrenchments to be perfc£bed every 
^f 5' where ; Some advanced Houles to be ftt on fire, left 
the French (hould poffefi themfelj^es of them in 
their March againft him ; and the Cannon of the 
Left continually to play upon the Enemy, to give 
them occafjon to think, that his Thoughts were ra- 
thcr upon Fighting than Retreating. At the fame 
time his Highnefi Order'd the Cannon of the Right, 
;uid the Front to be drawn off, and to march towards 
Dein/e ; which was done with that Secrecy that the 
Enemy did not perceive it ; for he had cunningly 
prder'd the Artillery to be moving from the Batterie$ 
all the Afternoon, (b that when it went cle^r 08^ 
the Enemy thought it had been but the ordinary Mo- 
tioa. Then march'd the two Litres of Foot upon 
the Left along the Retrenchments, to cover which 
his Highnefi Oder'd a Body of Horfe to go and poft 
ihemfclves in the Retrencments, as they were quitted 
by the Foot ; the latter Marching out at the fame 
timie with their Pikes and Colours Trailing, to 
cpnceal their going off. Neither did the Enemy 
perceive this Motion, till the Cavalry mounted a- 
gain, and abandon'd »the Retrenchments, by which 
Time the Infantry was got into the Bottom, between 
'Aerfeele and Wouterghem^ marching towards Depfe] 
While the Foot was thus filing off from the Re- 
crenchments the Prince order'd Monfieur Over* 
, iifrkf^ with the RJght Wing of the Horfe, inter- 
lin'd wkhi Collier's Brigade of Foot^ to make a 
line falling towards Catie^hemt ap4 ^xteqd himielf 
from the Wind-mlll ot Hctfi^ie , towards fPink » 
in order to mak^ Mmtd believe that this fjne 
was defign'd to oppofe his attempt upon the Rear of 
(che Prince's Right j but his fecre? Orders were, to 

WILLIAM tk Thirl 7f 

iriarcfi off by H^nl^, to Nivelle, and (b to Ghent^ At A? C\ 
cVie lame time the Foot march'd by TVouterghem^ to i6^f* 
f>jCO^nfe, the Earl of^pchford^ who was Potted with the { ^ 
lf^(z Wing of Horfe, and Two Battalions of Foot 
Towards the L;/, made the Rear Guard towards the 
X-^fti with a Line of Foot on the one fide, and three 
Sc^uadrons of Efpinzer^s Horfe upon the other. All 
this was fo contrivy oy the Prince from the Right to 
the Left, that his Army difappear'd all at once ; and 
ftill to impofe the better upon the French, the Prince 
of Vkudemont himfelf, and the Duke ot PVinemhcrgb^ 
^Rrith fome other Generals, kept in the Camp, fornv? 
ing with their own Domefticks and Attendants, a 
fmall Body of Horfe, with which thejr followed the 
Army, as foon as it was all got off. The French findV 
ing tncmfelves thus ftrangely baffled, did what they 
could to fall upon the Rear of the Allies 3 and par- 
ticularly Kfontal endeavoured to attack that Bod/ 
vrfaich was Commanded by MonQeur Overkjsr^ 
whom he overtook with (bme Squadrons of Horfe 
and Dragoons: buttbeDeSlees being ad vahragious, 
^md Brigadier C«//i>r having orderM all the Grenadiers 
of his Brigade to the Rear of all, to face the Eqe- 
my, from time to time, as they approach'd; the Gre- 
nadiers with their Fire, kept the French at a diftance, 
and made good the Retreat. Nor had the Enemy a 
much better fiicceis in their Attempt upon the Rear 
of the Body of Foot, Commanded by the Collie 
de SoyeBes. However, two Sguadroiis of their Dra- 
goons, putting green Bou|hs in their Hats, which 
was tne Coniederates diftmguifhing Mark in a day 
of Battle, and fpeaking fomt French, fomc Bngli/h^ 
Vi% if they had been (bme of their own Rear Guard, 
{did by that Stratagem, towards Evening, come up 
clofe to their Rear, and marched along with them a 
little way, till they came to a convenient jslace, 
when they fir'd upon them firft, and then fell in a- 
nioncft them with their Swords, which put the firft 
Batt0ion4 that was let iipon, in feme diforder ; but 
the other facing about immediately conftrain'd them, 
fo retire, after they had kilPd a few Men, A Lofi al? 
together inc6nfiderable for a Retreat which is Icarce 
to!i)C pararell'd in Story ; andj%r w£>cA, the King of 
(^eat JBr/wjif in i^ Letter ^Q Pr^ce ymidernont^ 



7^ 755^^ Reign eflCtng 

A. C Imfd hi$rfilf ohli£d t9 his Highnefs^ dddsngl tBas^k 
1^9/ • bsd given greater Msr^s jfa General Cenfianmrnte intk 
^ Art ef War^ than if he had won a Battle. Hovjrev^cr^ 

as every one was willing to allow the Prince his ju^ 
Praifi lor coming offfb glorioufly, (o there v^&e nor 
wanting others, who blanf d him for venturing him* 
lelf in a place, from whence be could never have re» 
treated, if be had had to deal with a General of e- 
qiTal Prudence and Experience with himfelf. 

The Prince ot Vaudermnthxvitkg reach'd Deynfc 
towards the clofe of the Evening, left in it a Qarrildn 
imder Brigadeer O-Farel^^ and then march'd as far as 
the Plain of Oyendoncky in his way to Ghent ; revol- 
ving at firft to haye refted his Army jthere all Night; 
but having halted a while, and then as he himielf 
afterwards (aid, calling to mind a Maxim of that 
[reat General, Charles IV. Duke of Lorrafa^ his 
^ather. That when an Army is upon the Kftreatj it 
muft be fure to retreat out of the Bnemie) reach. His 
Highnels decamp'd again, and by Nine of the Clod^ 
Dext Morning, the whole Army were advanced to 
Maryk^k^y under the Walls of Ghent^ from whence 
I4eutenant-General BeUafyfe^ and the Marquis of 
JAiremonty Major- General , were detach'd with 
Twelve Battahons, and Twelve pieces of Canon, 
to iecure Newport^ and the Canal of Pafjuendai, 
Their diligence, and the Prince oi JVirtemherghh co- 
ming up to fiiftain them with Twelye other Battali- 
ons, and J 8 Squadrons of Horfe and Dragoon^^ 
ouite broke the Meafures of Marfhal Villmy^ an4 
the Prince of Conti\ who had already taken Quar- 
ters in fight of that Place, in order to inveft it. W/f", 
ieroy^ finding the Attack ot Newport too di$cult, bent 
his march towards DJx muvde^ which was garriioo'd 
^ by Eight battalions pf Foot, and a Regjqietit; c^ 
Dragoons, under M^ior- General £&»^rr^. 
Tit Shge In the mean time tb<: Atts^cks againft the Tov^^ 
of Namur Namur were carried on witn great Application ; ah4 
fffftmu^d. two or three finall Sallies of die BeQegM havinghad no 
Succefi, they relbl vM tq^ makfi another on the i iitb qJF 
July^ (N. S.) about three in the Afternooq, with uop 
Horfe, and Four Squadrons otPragooqs, After thejF 
had croft the Maefe ^ they attempted the Traichqs ot| 
fh? Right hand of the ^Sridge feelongipe tq ^^ % 

WILLIAM the thirl yf 

^^r^ took a Redoubt that was uofinifli'dy and onljr A. CL 
fIrurP'd with Sacks of Wooll, fell upon the Bedeeers i6^%. 
both in Front and Flank, and forc'd them at firft to ~ 

S'lVe way ; but the latter taking (refli Courage, and 
eing timely liipported by fbme fir4»</^»^i/r^i» Hor& 
tbe French were beaten bade, with the Io(s of zoo ok 
their Men ; nor Was this Encounter lefi Bloody to 
the Befiegers. However, the King finding, that 
very Day, that the Trenches were advrancM withia 
Fuzec Shot of the Counierfcarp, He refolv'd to 
ftorm the advanced Works and Traverfes that Even- 
ing, an Hour before Sun-fet, to hinder the Enemy 
from fortifying themfelves any more ; and for thac 
purpofe "his Majefty order'd, that the Battaliona 
that rciiev'd the Trenches (hould begin the Attack, 
and that thole^ that were relieved mould fiipport 
them. Accordingly, Major General lUmfey^ and 
the Lord Cuts at the Head of Five Battalions of ths 
Foot Guards, both EngUJh^ Scotch and Dutch^ begaa 
the Onlet on the Right, being fuftain'd by Six £»- 
glijh Battalions, commanded by Brigadier-General 
JFit^i'Patricfi; and at the fame time Major-General 
Salifch^ with Eight Dutch and other Regmients, and 
Qoco Pioneers, Infulted the Enemy on the Left, 
from the Redoubt to the ruinM Tower of Coquelet j 
and was to be Seconded by Ms^r-General Heukdom^ 
with (bme Dutch Battalions.. The Horfe Guard wai 
doubled, and all the Troops on that fide had Orders 
to be in readinefi to iupport the whole Attack ia 
caie of necefEcy i which rrecaiition proved altoce- 
ther needlefi, oy reafbn of the extraordinary va- 
lor and Intrepidity the Aflaillants fhew'd on this oCt 
csiion; However, the Befieged having brought out 
l^sht Battalions, a great Detachment of Dragoons, 
and all the Granadiers to defend their Retrench, 
meats, the DiQ)ute was obflinate for Two Hours, hue 
dt laft the Fr^yfcA were beaten back, and purfued to 

Bravery and excellent Order of his Men, that lay- 
ing his hand over the Duke of Bavarians Shoulder, ne 
told him ftveral times with Tranfport ; S^e my btAve 
]EDgIiih ) $€$ m) Wave £ngU(b ! And indeed it mufl 


^^8 The Reign of King 

VL C be rcmcitibrec! to their Immortal Honour^ tliat u^Ith 
1^9$^. out any Shelter they adranc'd boldly, and Undiftur 
bed, amidft Showers of great and finall Shot, Bombs. 
and Hand Granadocs ; which fay the Efte6l of Mines 
and' Fougades, open'd Graves for them la feVcral 
Places, towards an Enemy fecur'd by Retrench- 
ments, well pallifadoed. The Confederates Ijofk 
m this Aftion amounted to 1200, either I^U'd of 
Wounded ;^ and that of the French to about as many. 
After this Succefs the Befiegers carried on their 
Trenches to the Village of Bouge^ towards St. I4i* 
tholas Gate ; the fame being done alfb on that fide, 
near the Maefe ; as well above as below, with a dc- 
fign to draw two Parallels , along the River, on that 
fide next the Suburbs of lambe^ and oppofite to the 
Caftle-Bridge ; but the French being apprehenfive of 
the Defign, they fet Fire to the Suburbs, which ibme* 
what retarded the Approaches that General Cpebom 
had begun. On the aift of 7i//y,a Battery was finifh'd 
on that fide next St. 'Nicholas Gate, an.d the Trenches 
^dvanc'd 1 00 Paces towards the Rivulet, that runs 
into the Bottom, which the French had fwell'd with 
Water, and which wasfecurM by a kind of a Half- 
Mooa Next day they began to play upon a Baftion, 
and the Works before St. Nlcholas'Gzte, from a Bat- 
tery ot 18 Pieces ot Cannon, and on theajd. the 
BranJenbwrghers batter*d the Water-ftop, in order to 
drain the Moat; yet with little efFe6l, becaufc ic 
was Hn'd with large Free- (lone. The great Rains 
which fell about this time, very much incommoded 
the Befiegers, and interrupted their Appnjaclies : 
However, on the ayth they plyed their Batteries 
with Succefi, rais'd new ones, let on Miners to the. 
Redoubt oi Balart^ near St, KichoUs Gate, and the 
next day torc'd the Captain that commanded in it 
to fiirrender at dilcretion. On the 2.4th the King 
went into the Trenches, and perceiving the Batte- 
ries had made great Breaches in St. Nicholas Baftion,' 
the demy Baftion of St. B^ch^ and . t the end of the 
Countencarp of the Town, his M^jefty difpos'd 
all things for the general Attack of the firft Counter-* 
fcarp, which was performed towards Five a Clock 
that Aiternoon, ia this manner ; The EngHjh and 

WILLIAM thiThhl ?§ 

Siiotch comniahded by Major General Hamfej^ And A- C* 

BrigadUr George Hamilton came out ©f the Trenches 169// 

to the Right, and attacked the Point of the foremoft V, ^'^ 

Councerfcarp, which encbfed the SJujr^ or Water- 

ftop ; the Enemy received them with a ferious Dlf 

charge, which however did qot binder them to go 

€>a briskly ; and maugre the dKmal Eruption of j or 

JFougadea of Bombs, that lay buried in the Glacia^ • 

-which put them at fir ft into (ome diforder, they re- 

turn'd more animated to the Charge, and droye th^ 

Enemy from that. Counterfcarp." But it unluckily 

fell out, that whilft the Workmen were making a 

Lodgment, fome Sacks of Wool took Fire wherebjf 

part of the Lodgment was confum'd, and the EngUJh 

exposed to the Shot ot the Counterguard, and demi^ 

Baftion of St. /<,/)cA : which they (uftain'dand anfwcrec^ 

^ith incredible Refblution, till the Fire was extii^ 

guifti'd andfomeTraverfescaft up.On the other hand, 

the HdlUnders feeing the £w5/#y^. in fo hot a Pl^e, 

immediately went up along the Ai^^ towards the 

Breach of the Counter-guard, ^ and (6 vlgoroufly 

attacked the Enemy with their Hand-Granadpes^' 

that the latter thought it fafer to retreat than to 

defend themftlves, which very much eas'd the Btig^ 

lijh. Thereupon the Duuh lodged themfelTCs^ up* 

pan the Counterguard, and thus both tbqp, and 

the Engiijh , preftrved the foremoft Covered^ 

way, before St. Nicholas Gate, from the .M^fi to 

the Water-ftop; with part of the Couatepguard* 

The Valour and Firmnels of the Confederates. Infaijfcf 

try in this Aftion isfcarceio he parallel'd : And ie 

muft be alfo acknowledged, that the Fr$nch OSicer9 

behaved themfelves like Men of true Courage, ex- 

pofing themfelves on the Glacis of the Counter-*' 

fcarp, and on the Breach of the Qounterguard, with 

their Swords in their Hands, in order to encourage 

their Soldiers. The Eneim' did not thpow many 

Bombsj but they fir'd incef&ntly ima the-Tceocwl 

with five or fix Pieces of Cannon, which killed fe* 

veral Perfbns about his Majefty ; particularly, Mr. 

Godfrey^ Deputy Governor of the Bank of Bj^glan4^ 

who being come into the Camp to wait off th« 

King^ about Money for thcP^ymencof th^-Army 


8b 3T&tf R^ig^ ^f King 

'A. C h^d die Curiofity to fee ^is Attack ; and loufih 
169c/ 1^1^ Death, where he fhould have only minded lii 

While thb was doing on the Town-fide, the £ 
ledor of Bdvdria was not idle between the Samhn 
and the Maefe^ but commanded an Attack to be 
made towards the Abbey ofSal/mes, where he de- 
fign'd to pofl: himfeif. Th'is was perforai'^d with 
fi> much Vigour, that he not only forcM the Re- 
trenchments next the Sambre^ \mz made himfelf A49-' 
fter of the Fort of U Balance at the Head of thofe 
Intrenchments ; repulsed four Squadrons of H01& 
diat camt out of the Caftle ; laid a Bridge over the 
Sombre ; pafled diat River amidft the Enemy's con- 
tinual Fire, and poffefled himfelf of the Abbey of 
Saljhus^ a Poft of great Imix>rtance, and which fa- 
Tour'd the Attack of Vauban^s line, that (urrounded 
die Works of the Caftle. 

On the 28th the King viewM the (everal Pofts 
and Lodgments, and finding all in good Order, and 
^t the Miners were already at Work on the 
pitch of the CoverMway, and on the Water-ftoft 
in order to drain both, his Majefty ordered ibme 
new Batteries to be let up, particularly one on the 
Glads jof the Redoubt, in order to ruin the Raire- 
liar The lame day 60 Granadiers, and as many 
Mulqueteers were commanded out of every Regi« 
ment to make an Attack near the Iron-Gate ; which 
the French at firft liiftain'd with great Courage, but 
were at laft fbrc'd to retire ; And in the Evening 
they^ were likewile driven from the Line of Com* 
munication near the Suburbs of 74m^f, Co that they 
were no longer in a Condition to make Sallies on 
that fide. 

On the other hand, the Eleflor of BavarU to 
fignalize his ConduA and Bravery, refok'd to 
Storm the Line of the Caftle, and oraerM General 
Coehorn to dilpofe all things fbr that purpofe to* 
wards Salfines^ and General Fleming to do the fame 
on the othpr fide of the Maefe. On the 30th of 
fufy^ by break of Day, his Elefloral Highnefiwith 
the Sfanifh and Bavarian Generals, and (jreneral C(^* 
iwrny begao the Attack towarda $4 j^nr/, andaflault- 


Wl L L 1 A M the ThirJ. 8i 

ed tlieR«*trcnchmet\t In Flank with about 5000 Poof. A. C 
itx&ihCd by fbtnt Battalions, and icoo Spanifh and idpj. 
^MkrianHotk, Major General Sft^tfnw attacfcyihe 

•L-ine ih Front, witb /GO Granadeers, asmanyMut 

gucttcrs, and 1 000 riotlcers ; And the 'Brandenburgb 
f'ctierals with jroq Grahadeers, Supported by acdb 
f Obt, dnd their Ordfid Muf^uetcers^ Gensdarmcs, arid 
HorfeGranadeers infuTted the Enemies Flank oh the 
iWfo^/tfide.The Befibged at fifftmade fome Refiftahce, 
* by the Favour df a Lmfe of Conirtuiiicatlon, of one 
Red6ubt and t^b/ Trenches, but being affaird oh 
"taiH fides, and that too with extraordinary Bravery, 
tiifey were driven tb the Counterfcarp 6i Coehorh^ 
' 'PcfT^. ' Anifflited by this Succcffs, the Beficgers piif- 
iued the RiTrtat^ays as fat* as the DcviPs Hdufe^ tvhere 
The French bad fevetal Canon laden with Cartouch- 
es* knd about. 906 Meh laid flat uJ)on their Bellies ; 
>?VTi6 tiow ftanding up ori the ^<ldd), pour'd in vol* 
leys of Slot upditi the Affaillants. Trie latter received 
the Fire with incredible Undaunted ne6, fofc'd tfie 
' 'French to quit the Counterfcarp of th6 Fort, and 
piade themfelveS Mafters of it ; However, it beihg 
impdffible for th'ein to lodge themfelves there, they 
rethed in pretty goo'd Order. By this brave Afiiori, 
at the Expencc' St about ^oo Men KillM or Wound- 
ed, the Beficgers^gain'd a Lined Redoubt, (bme ad- 
vance Batteriis.^ahd yauban's Retrenchment frota 
the Safiibrt tO the iKOufe, which Whii immerife La- 
hour the French had cut thpp' the Rock ^ arid which 
they boafted would coft the Allies fboo Men before 
they (hould tak6 b. This Attack on the Caftle fi<fc 
"t^rhere the King Was prefent, being over, . his Maje- 
•fty wehtto view thdf Treftches on ttieTown fide: 
and finding that i Mine had been fptung^ which had 
overtiTfti'd a good paft of the Water-ftop into the 
Ditch, whereby thft V/ater was Ibwh* by two J^oqr, 
He ordef'd tht NlititTitb work on, ia- order to dram 
thfe Mbat ; an^iU' things to be regdy to make a 
Lodgment on fhe D<!jfti1-Baftion. : The two follow- 
ing diys the B(ifiege*s batterM tKe Works before Sr^ 
Ukh6ias Gate ^vith great Fury, arid threw many 
fionrtfe, which did corifidef able Execution j and par- 
ticularly one fit'd by Lletitenant Colonel Brown^ 

Q i g which 

a The Reign of King ' 

A. C. which ftt on fire the Enemies Magazine ii> the 

i6oc. mi Baftion- On the Second of y<i/^i(^, tovards £- 
vcning, my L6rd Cuts with %oo Englijh Granadeers j 
and Brigadier Dedem^ with a ;like number of Outch^ 
both which Were to be Suftatn'd by the . Bactal- 
lions in the Trenches-. werc'orderM to attack 
the SaiUant' Angle ^ and the other the Demi-^afiiioB, 
ivhich they jperform'd with creat Bravery, and 
after fome Rciiftance, Lodged tncmfelves on cbe£- 
cond Counterfcarp. The Cannon having by th« 
time widened the Breaches, ah4 all thin|;s being 
ready fot a Getieral Affault, Count Cuifcard the Go- 
vernor, demanded to Capitulate for the Town, 
which being readily granted, the Articles were a- 
greed upon, and Signed on the Fourth of Augufi^ by 
the EleSor of Bavaria for the Allieal, and by .Counc 

^'i?** ^^ifc^^J for the Befieged. The (ame day the Iron- 
^I?^ ^^^^ ^^ delivered to the Befiegert, and on the dtfc 

aT- ![1 the French evacuated the Town, and retired Into the 

Wbilft Batteries afe failing againft the Fortrefi, 
let us make a Ihort Digreflion, j^nd-obferve the Mo- 
tions of the French Army qndei: l^lierojt. After the 
Marefchal had faiPd in his deGgn upon Prince Vau- 
' dentontj as alio a^^ainfl: Newport^ Tie marched towards 
l>ix- Dixmuyde^ and order'd Mofitdl to lay Siege to it. The 
sisydc ' Town was indeed but Weak *; ^but confidering 
^ ^ ftie Strength of the Garrifonl' it ^ight have held 
^'•y™^ jOtft a F6rti>ighl, or at lead have Surrendred witti 

* rage in the open Field, was prefently difpirited, 
and at a Idfi What to do, whdn he &w himfelf coopt 
up in a Place, furroundedby a Royal Army :In(omuch 
ihat after a flight Refiftance of 16 Hpurs, tie yielded 
I , ^ IiimfelL and his whole Garriion'Prifbners of War. 

I Deynfe followed the Exampleot Dixmuyde^ and fiir- 

' ' tender'd to the trench at DKdretion,^ without Firing 

a Gun ; which tho' it was againft the Rules of Mar- 
tial Diteipline, yet Colonel 0-Farrell was (b far more 
\ excul^le than Bllenberg^ as that Denyfe was far lefi 

' \k'^' ^ ' clefenfibU than Dixmuyde. After the Surrender of 

. ' ' ' ^ ' • • thefc 

W I LLI AM the Thirl 3S 

cliele two Places, rbe Prince of Vaudemont did not A. C. 
doubt but that the French would advance towards 1^9^. 
JS^Amur\ and therefore he defir'd to be reinforc'd, COTV 
that he might be able to obferve them. Thereupon 
his Majefty (ent to his Highne^ Montigny\ Engltfli 
Brigade of Horfe ; and the two Dutch Brigades of 
J^ofMYt and B(jp6e^ march'd towards Brujfsls^^ whithec 
the Brigade of St. Paul was gone before, with orders 
CO joyn the Prince of Vaudemont^ who defign'd to 
form an Array on that fide.^ ^ \ 

^ The Duke de ViUeroj having ordered the Fortifica- 
tions of D/jrn^i/y^tf znd Dej^n/e to be raz'd, pafs'd the 
Hiver Ljts at PVAcker^ and marchM up the Lines to the 
Scheid'y which he alio croft ^xEfcanaffe^ in order to 
continue his March to Nimyve^ giving out that he was 
going to the relief ofN^mx/r. Upon advice of this Mo« 
tion, the Prince oiVaudemmt decamp'd on Auguft 4* 
from Ghent ^ and pailing the Canal at Vllvoerdy and the 
Burnt Bridge^ pitched his Camp at Dighern^ having 
bis own Quarters at the Caftle of Beaulku. ^ His 
Highnefs fent to the French to demand the Garrifbns 
of Dixmuyde and Deynfe^ according to the Agreemcnir 
about the Exchange of Prifoners ; but the Marfhal d^ 
Ptlleroy^ upon frivolous pretences, refws'd to fend them 
back ; and contrary to the Cartel, moft of the Soldi- 
ers were forc'd to Jift ibemfelves in the French Ser^ 
vice, or were fent to Catalonia^ andoiher remote Parts. 

At the fanv: time that the EngUp fignaliz'd their st Mafo 
Valour in King ff^lUarn^s Prefence before Kamwr j Bombarded 
His Majefties Fleet Commanded by the Lord Berl^ 
ley was (breading Terror and Confternation all along 
the Coafts of France. St, MaIo, that Ncft of Priva- 
teers^ which of all otbersyhad moft infefled the Chan* 
ncl,and molefted our Merchants, was the firft Town 
that felt the Fury of an EngUjh Bombardment * this * JuTy 
Summer. But the Lofs they fuftain'd on Land, was ¥^ V^ , 
no way anlwerable for the mifchief they had don^ 
at Sea during this War. (jlolonel Richards and Cap« 
tain Bembow^ who had the dire&ion of the BornD*^ ' 
Ketches were more Succefiful before * Granhille^ a i]vJj tii\ 
little T(>wn on the Sea-fhore, which they fet on fire 
in fevcral Places ; but fail'd in their Attempts upon 
P»»^i>^ and Burat but fome few Houfes at Calais. 

G g 6 a . Thcle 

84 ^ 7i&£ t^^ig^ of kikg^ 

A. C. T*hefe repeated Infiilts could not but be refenf ed fc 
1695. the King of France^ who thereupon fent Orders t 
Marefchal Vtltcroy to bombard oruffels. U-pon tb 
French Marching to Enihien^ with a great number c 
Waggons Laden with TOmbsaftdJFire*.wotfc^^rino 
Vaudemmt immediately gue^*d their Defijgn ; y^h\ch 
could not be preventedj unlefs the Confederate Ar- 
my, which might be remforc'd by the Detachments 
under the Earl of Athlone^ and Count Naffku^ fhould 
advance and iticamp in the Plain o( Gige^^ atid St. 
Ann Pee ; but becaufe this could not be done nei- 
ther, without giving Viller^/ an opportunitr to poft 
himfelf between tne Princess Army andf Kamur^ 
"whereby he might have been able to raHe that Im- 
portant Siege ; His Highilefi did prudently teave the 
Earl of Athlone and Count NaJfaUy with the Forces 
Under their Command, between Wi/^r/w and Genaf^ 
whether the King had (ent them, to oppofe the Ene- 
mies Paffage at araine teChateam In the mean time 
his Highnefi poftcd his Infantry on the Eminences 
about BtkjJ/Wj, between Fort Monterey, and theCoun- 
terfcarp of Ixff/, whereby he maintained the Com- 
munication with the Forces at Waterleo y Orderd 
fcveral Battalions to the Outworks, before the Gates 
of Flanders and Anderleck^ to fecure the City ; and 
extended his Horfc: and Dragoons along the CanaJ, 
to hinder the Enemy from pafling it. 
* AiJgurt * After feveral Marches and Countermarches the 
iitb. French * appeared before Brttffels^ and Marefchal Je 
' Auguft Vitteroy having taken his Quarters at Anderleck.. writ 
i\tb. a Letter to the Prince of Ber^hen the Governor, to 
H^refehMl^ acquaint him ; ' That the King his Matter, feeing 
Villeroy / • ^hg prince of Ofange fent his Fleet upon the Coafts 
tf^Z*^ • oi France^ to bombard his Sea-port Towns, and 
J^^ * endeavour to ruin them, without getting any 
ghen.* * ^^^ Advantage by it, had thought that he could 

* not put a ftop to (uch Difbrders, but by ufingRe- 

* prifils ; which was^ the Reafon that his Mafter had 

* fent him an Order to bombard Bruffeli ; and at the 

* fimetime tp declare, that 'twas with Relu6hncy 
^ his Maiefty had put nimfelf upon it ; and that as 
^ loon as ne ihotdd be ^ur'd, that the' Sea-Ports of 

* France ihould be. no more {x^mbarded. the King 


WILLIAM the Thin/. 8y 

* his Matter Hkcwife wouW not Bombard any VlH- A. C. 

* ces belonging to the Princes againft whom he was 1695, 

* at War; referving neverthel^fi the Liberty on 

* both fides, to do it in (uch Places as (hould be 

* Befieg'd. ^ That his Majefty had reCJ v-d upon the 
^ Bombarding of Brv^els^ With fo much the more 
^ Paini that the Eleaorefe of BavarU was thcre.^ 

* That if the Governor would let him know in what 

* part of the Town (he was, the King his Matter 

* had commanded him not to Fire there. Conclu- 

* rfiog, that he fliould ftay for his Anfwer till Firo 

* of the Clock in the Evening; after which time he 

* fhould obey his Orders without delay. The Prince 
olBerghen after having communicated this Letter to 
the ETe£lor of Bavaria j who was come in great hafid 
to BruJJeh upon this occafion, ient an Anfwer to 
Mond^ur ViUerM : ' That the Reafoti the King of 

* France aflign'd tor his Orders to the Marefchal to 

* Bonjbard Brujfels^ did folely regard tfc^ King oJ 

* Great Britain^ who was be Jore. the Cattle of iVk»«Mr; 

* That his Electoral Highnefi would acquaint the 

* King with it, to have an An(wer in 2.4 Hours ; 

* ifMonfieurK///ffr<>j' would agree to it. And that 

* as for the Confideration his inoft Chriftian Ma)e- 

* fty had for the Eleilorefs, that Ihe was at tlw 

* Royal Palace. It foon after appeared, that f7//^^'s 
Meflage was but an infignificant Compliment, lot 
Ipftead of allowing the Governor Time to get hiS 
Sriunf?ick Majefty 's Anfwer to the French King^s 
Propolal, he began that very Evening to Fire upon Brufleli 
the City yich aj Mortar- pieces, and 18 Pieces d[ Bomkardm 
Cannon, that Shot red-hot Bullets. It was not long ed. 
before the J^'ire broke out in feveral Places, elpeciafc 

ly about the Town-Hou(e. The Enemy continued 
Firing without intermiffion all that Night, the Dt^jf 
Allowing, and the Night after that ; 4uring which a^ 
X0& a high Wind,which would have Qjread the Con- 
^ gagration throughout the whole City, if r he InhaW* 
4 Jttntf had not wifely blown up fcveral Houfes, oii 
Ime ijf/rA of Aitgujiy The feme Day about NooA ' 

vSkFreKch gave over Firing, and fbon after drew? 
off toward* Enghien. The Lower Town ftifffer'd the 

(RQ^.W t^&]g^n^e$ Bombs, and fcveral Houfes i^ea^ 
: ' ^ ^ G g g 3[ r^ 

86 77;^ Reifn of Kin^ 

A, C. the Market-place were quite laid fn Rubbi/B ; an(f 
\ 69 f. as for the Eleftorefs of Bavaria^ tbo* flic was re- 
Km/y^^ movd to the Suburbs, beyond the Reach of Cannon; 
yet (he was (b frighted with its contiaual Roaring, 
that (he mifcarried upon it. - 

The King having receiv'd Advice of the Motiom 
of the French Army J hisMajefly march'd the loth 
of Auguft early in the Morning, ^ich two Troops o[ 
Hor(e.Guard5,-theTroop of Horfe Granadeers^ and 
leveral Squadrons of Brandenbtirghersy leaving the 
Duke oE BavarU to command the Siege. The fimc 
Evening his Majefty reach'd IVaterlo^ and J070V 
the Troops commanded by the Elarl at Athlm^ 
Count Jtf N^jgin, ami the Marquifi de la Farefl , and 
having had an Interview with rrince Vaudemonf^ re- 
turn'd on the lath to his Camp before the Gaftlc 
of Namur, where immediately after his Arrir^i tbc 
Befiegers broke Ground, and carried on their Trench^ 
W# Setge es about i yo Paces before the Coehem Fort, towwtAs 
j/ ^^^^'the Sambre, and made a good Lodgment. 
/?/£«/ Na^ Befides the Batteries already ere<aed between 
^dw^' the Sambre and the Maefe^ (bme others were order^ 
to be raifed, both of Cannon and Mortars, as wdi 
in the Ramparts, as in the Gardens of the City^ !o, 
order to batter Terra-nova, and Fort Coehorn all at 
once. On the 13th the Befiegers began to play 
from no lc(s than Twelve Batteries, when one of 
their Bombs falling upon the Magazine of the De- 
viFs'Houfe^ blew up above a 1000 Granadoes chargyt 
ruin*d a great quantity of Arms, and kill d and 
wounded (evcral Pcrfons. The Trenches were car- 
ried on with great SuccejS, tho' the Enemy endea- 
voured in the Night Time, both with their grcBC 
and fmall Shot, to difturb the Workman. But 
iheir Batteries were fbon filenc'd by thofe of the 
JBwjj/i/fe J which it is confefi'd on all Hands madefuch 
Finng, as was never feen fince Gun- powder was 
fir ft Invented. The Cannon and Mortars anfwer'd 
one another in Time, and form'd a difinal Tremen- 
dous Harmony ; Clouds of Smoke, and Flaflies of 
5oQty Flame fill'd the Air, as if Hell it felf fed 
Vomited its kindled Brimdon© ; aod the Sh^^crS 
of red-hot BuUet3, and Bombs, that fioar'dcAtinu^ 

' : . : ^ ^ site 

W IL LI AM the Thin!. %7 

flftVy' on tift CaftlCj fo fcar'd the Enemy, that none A. Q 
of chem durft peep out of their Shelters under-ground, i £9 ;;/> 
but (uch as were oblidg'd to be upon Duty. Boilers 
himfelf being unus'd to this uneaual Way of Fight- 
ing, began to wifli himfelf in the open Field, and 
form'd a defign to break thro' the Confederates Camp. 
With his Cavaliy ; but the King having notice of it, 
ordered ftrong Guards to be plec'd at all Places 
^xrhere the S^nhe could be pafi'd ; and the fame be? 
ing done all along the Maefe by General Fleming 
tKe Marefchal muft now (hare the Fate of his Garri- 
Ipn. However, on the i8/i& towards midnight they 
made a Sally with &oo Dragoons mounted, and joo 
Granadeers : Of the latter i f o made the Attack on 
dfie right Hand, but were repuUed by the Count de 
Hjvera^ and the reft on the left, where my Lord'. 
Cuts had juft pofted the Advanced Guards to f^cure: 
the Workmen ; The Dragoons fell upon {Jeutenan t 
Colonel Sutton^ who being pofted in the ^^in o£ 
Sdlfine^ with about Forty Fu:^ileers^ let tiliem come 
•n till they were very near him, then gave thera a 
round Volley, and retreated to his Body ; but tho 
Dragoons prefilng upon him, he commanded his 
Men to fire upon them. The Francb being little 
daimted at it, adranc'd boldly on, and had their Gra^ 
na<|eers charged at the (ame time, they would un^ 
doubtedly have caus'd a great Coii&ifion . in tho 
Trenches ; but theSfanUh and BAvarian Horfe, who 
were near at hand, fell upon the Enemy with (o 
much Vigour, that they drove them to the very Par 
lifadoes of the Cafile, killing ibme jand making Or 
tbers Prifoners. 

After the Bombardment of Bruffsls the Marefchal 
ii Villeroj being confiderably reinforced with all the 
Trovps that could ba ^ared out of the Garriionr; 
tod the Forces fromthe: Sea-Coafts, .march'd dired ^ 
hr towards Namur^ with, an Army, as the French them^ 
felvxf gaverout^ of no leis than of Ninety thou. 
fandMen^ and with^which ther obnfidently boaft^ 
ed to raite die Sjege of the Caffle. Upon the Enei^ 
txm adirancing from . Bngbiek to Sohne$ ; Prince 
Vnuimmt^ in CoDJun£Koii with the &url of AMofi^ 
^d g Reinforcement of 10 BatcaiUoo^^nd i9 SqMat 


88 The Reign of Ming . % 

A. C. dbrpQi, vhich the brave Priocc of la/JftCmffkl had 
i$9y* hroughc up from the ti^incy pofiibfs'd t himfelf of the 
VxWj ftrong Camp of Afri^;, within \f fiJM//y6 Miles of 
t Augaft N««ffrr. The JSrench Army being ia me mean x^hile 
B^^. oHne 28 iar as Fkrus^ rhey gave the Befieged. a S^ 
nal of their ApfMroach by ihe dt(ibharge of 90 Pificos 
qt Ginnon^ which was anfwer'd by a great JLighr 
fct on the higheft part oF the Caftle: This obligi'd 
the King to leave the Care of the Siege to the JLlcSot 
^ ui Bavaria^ and the Duke of Hoifteim Blatn ; and to 

^ir?^ * r^P^i"^ *Q ^^^ Army^ with a Refelution to oppolfe 
tbeFrmc^^ who feem'd now. fully henttD attack him; 
.beii^ lately reinforced by a Detsaohment trom German 
ip^ atxl other Troops, under the coaunmd of the 
Nlar<)uis de Uatcatart^ On the &9th of Atmtfi the 
Marefchal ^r Vilieroy advanced towards the Confede^ 
rates, then ftili encampM near Mq% but found 
them fbwell pofted, that he thought fit to retire in 
the Night without noife. The next day he mov'd 
along the Mehaigne^ extending his Right to Fcmsfs^ 
and his Left to the Abbey of Bfnejgfi ; whereupon 
his Britapnicl( Majiefty oaus-d his Army to move to^ 
wards Oftin and Lwg.Cbamf. to obferve them ; and 
ftnt orders to the Marquis ^^» /^ Bereft ^ who com* 
manded a Bodyof referve iatbe Flaia offidMCj^ 
to return to the mata Army. The E^emy peroei* 
ving that the Confederates bad made a haltonthe 
Hill behind Long^^mp^ (ent federal Squadrons of 
the French King^ Houfhbld aver the Mcbaign$^ in 
order to charge the Marauis de la Por^ft^ becweei^ 
whom and the Jv-encA tl^^re happenM a iinall Skirmifli, 
as far as a Defilee, which bein^ fecui^d by the Dku 
goons of Dcpfty the Ehemy^ went no further^ but 
yepafs'd the 1SM>aigne in great: h#e. AU thefi 
parches and Coimterinarchei oi: Marefchal ^ VU^ 
leroy^ did not hinder the King fromiieeurbaig the dvp 
before, jooo Grenadeers firom hit A^^sufi to be eo)i 
pioy'd m the general Aflhuit ob the CaiUe, which 
his Majefty had concerted' with:6riace. t^<t^^ 
^ the ElecXofo?^ BavmU^ and otbgrgencmlOffiecn ' 
On the ;othof ^f^. (N. &) mp^ daji appoiifvid 
^r this^ menK>iibte;Adtioik. theiSfcfiegers be«m tai^ 
1^ tp bailor thff^tkmh^^dt ^itmhBou^ atd Tinra>. 

WILLIAU the thirJ. 8^ 

>JbT;ii and continued till Eleven of die Clodc, whetx A. C. 
bis Eleftoral Highneft lent Count if Homy accom^ 169 f. 
patiied by the Earl of Portland to fummon the Befie- ( 
ged . The Batteries having given over Firing, Count 
Je Morn caU'd to the Enemy, and told Count i<r Lau* 
tHont^ Coniniander of the hencb Foot, who anfwerM 
him from the next Baftion, attended by the Marauls 
of GratHmont and St, Hermine^ That the Marcfchat 
de Villcroy after having been Three days in fight of 
the Confederate Arniy, had thought fit to retire to* 
vrards the Mehaigne without Fight mg ; that the Gar- 
rilbn could not expefl: now to be refiev'd j And th^t 
his Eleftoral Highncfi being willing to (pare the 
Liives of (b many brave Men on both fides, had 
charged him to ofFer honourable Terms to Counc 
Guijcard^ if he would forrender ; but that he gave 
him J)ut a quarter of an Hour to deliberate upon the 
Propofals. Thereupon Count l^aummt took upoi^ 
him to acquaint Count Gtiifcard and M^re^al da 
Boufflers, with Count de Horn\ MeiTage : and pro* 
mi^d to brine back a (peedy Anfwer ; out not ce« 
turning in hajt an Hour, Count de Ham grew impa-* 
tient, and told the Marquia de Gvammom that he had! 
already outftay'd his Time, and therefore defir'd hiiu 
to fend fome oody to the Governor for an immedi- 
ate Anfwer. A lecond Meffenger was thereupon 
dispatched away ; but he tarrying alfo above a qqar-r 
rer of an Hour, and feveral Officers of the Garri- 
fbn being come to view the Breach of Terri$-nova^ 
the Earl of Portland AiA not think it convenient toi 
wait any longer. Thus the Parley was broke, an^ 
the Batteries play'd inceflantly againft the Breaches^ 
till between One and TWo, when the General At 
fault began in the following manner. 

As fbon as the Signal was given,, my Lord Quts^ 
at the head of Three hundred Granadiert, ruft'dquc 
of the Trenches, of the fecond Line, which were 
7 or 80Q P^es diftant fron^ the Breach of Ttrra^no^ 
va^ wbcre he was commanded to lodge himfelf ; and 
Colonql Marftfty m vch'd on his Right to poflefs bin:>* 
himfelf of the^ line of Communication next Cfithorn^ 
Forty Couxit de tiivera^ Major General of thdB^4r/^ 

w, wifh ^000 M$«,.ui^rchMwt of the Trenches of 

" the 

-JO * The Refgn of King 

4. 6. the &ft Line in order to attack the Breaches of C^iEkontN 
*^99* Fort ; Major Geneal U Cave advanc'd to attempt rfac 
lame Fort at the Poiuc *, and Major General Sweriii 
marchM againft the Cafotte v^iih xoooBrandenl/urzhers, 
The £«g/iyfe Granadeers under my Lord Cm/j, T[x)m 
away by meir own Native Ardour, and animated by 
ihe Example of their brav^ Leader^ and of Colonel 
fVin^oT^ Colonel S^nAo/tf, Mr. Thompfonj and leve- 
ral other EnvH/h Gentlemen, who cxpos'd them- 
fclyes as Volunteers, ran fafter toward the Enemy, 
than they could be followed by the Battallions of 
Coultborpy Buchaftf Hamilton and Mackay^ who mov^'d 
irom Sa/Jinej^o Gipport cbem.The Granadiers mount- 
ed the j^each without oppo&ion, the Enem/ notex» 
peaing to be attacked on that fide, by reafon oi the 
great diftance of the Trenches ^ but as (pon as the 
firench (aw thattho(e(>old adventurers were not fuftai- 
ned, they brought down ^looo of their heft Foot and 
JpragooQS, iQto the fpace between the Coeborn and the 
Werra nova^ to fallon the Englijh in Flank and in Rear 
which obligM the latter to make a (peedy Retreat. 
The BcCeged made a (hew of pursuing them, but 
%y this lime three of the foremention'd Regiments 
$eing come up to their AiEftance, the French retirec| 
thro' the Breach ol Terra nova -^ after having (iir- 
prii'd and defeated the 5^00 Men und^r Colonel Af4r- 
filly. The Colonel himf^lf being wounded was made 
Prifonpr, and (boo ahef kiU'd by a Cannon Ball from 
the Beficgers Batteries, with the French T^fBcer that 
carried him into the Caftle, The En^lifh having bora 
fix (everal Discharges, had (everalkiUd and wound* 
ed ; And among the latter was my Lord Cuts bini^ 
felf, who received a fhot in his Head, which dit 
abled him for feme time. 

Whilft this pafled op the fide of Terr ^t^ova. Count 
ife Hiver/t; witn the Bavarians^ infl:ead of marching 
to the left of the Platforn?, went a little too ipudi to 
the Right, toAvar^s the^ Cqver'd way, which waa 
well pallifedo*4, fn^ thick fet wkq Mufijuetceri 
who made a terrible fire': Thro'! this miftake, in-i 
ftead of Storming the? wo (mall ^rea^hesf of the 4n- 

f;le of thi Platform^ according to the Scheme madd 
or this Ait^ckyjhe :7iavartans attempted to forcf 
the CfiverM way before the great Breach', wbercKj 


WILLI AM theThinf. fi 

fciey retnam'd expoled for two Hours to the Ene- A. C/ 
nlcs double Fire; which killed them abundance of 1695. 
S/ien, and amongft them Count I^Jvera himlelf, V 
y i tli moll: of the Officers of the Bavarian Guards. 

The Lord Cuts was^ fcarce drels'd of his Wounds^ 
Nsrlien growing impatient to be idle, while others 
-were ftiU engag'd, he put himfelf again at the Hea4 
of his brave Countrymenj but findittg the Afl&dc 
of the Terra-Nova not poiuble to be retrieved, and 
oblerving that the Bavarians^ notwithftanding the 
lofe of their Leader had fixed themftlves upon the 
ptermoft Retrenchment of the^ point of Coehom 
next to the Sambre^ and maintain d that Poft with 
a great deal of Obftinacy, but could not gain any 
snore Grouivl ; he thereupon refolv'd to m? ke good 
iheir . Attack. To efFeci this, he ordcr'd that a 
Detachment of aoo Men fhould be made out of 
luch at were^ moft forward to fignalize themftlvcs, 
ivhom he ftill encouraged by Promifes of diftin- 
miifliing Rewards i That thofc fliould be fiiftain*d by 
me Regiment of Mnckay j and that the other £«f- 
Itfh Forces (hould rally, and follow as fbon as pofc 
Imle. Being come to the Place of Aftion, hisLord- 
(htp detach'd a Party of the forementioned chofei^ 
Men, headed by Lieutenant Cockle of Macl^a/s Re- 
giment, whom he order'd to attack the Face of 
I the SdiUant-Angle next to the Breach Sword it| 
Hand, without firing a Gun; to pafi the Pallifcdoes, 
and enter the Cover'd- way; and there to make a 
Lodgment if they found any Place capable of it: 
And at the fame time his Lord (hip commanded 
the Enfigns of M4cV/s Regin^ent to march ftraight 
to the rallifadoes, and place their Colours upoa. 
them. All this was (6 well executed, that Lieute- 
nant C^^cW^ breaking thro' the Pallifadoes. beat the 
Enemy from the Cover'd-way ; lodg*d himfelf in 
6nt of ^eif Batteries, and then turn'd their own 
Cannon aj^ainft themlelves. On the other hat\|^, 
whilfl; Airfci^^r's Enfigns advanced to the Pdlim- 
docs, the Bav4rians renew'd their Attack with un- 
daunted Vigour ; and fo this Poft was made good. 
The Troops were already lo fatigued by an Allault 
that had lafted ftverai riburs, thiat the Befiegers 
dntented themielycs to have gained the Cover'd- 


^x The Reign of King 

A. C; way, before tlie ^each of Coehorn, and the SaiBan$ 
16$ f. Angle towards^ the Samkre^ and to iziake a £x>d$ 
ment there, with6ut any further Attempt upon tk 
Breach. However this (ealbnable Reinforcement, 
which the Lord Cuts brought to the Bavarians^ had 
Ais further good Effeft, that it kept the Enemy 
employed in the Defence of this moft inaportanc 
' Pofti which very much facilitated Major GeoenI 
La Cavils Enterprize upon the Covered- way before 
the Ravelin, and upper Point of the Coehorn^ and fe 
up towards- the Cafonc^ where he lodgM himfell 
without any confiderable Lofs. On the other hand, 
Major General Sw&rin^ who commanded the Richt 
Attack of all before the Cafottt^ ro^de up bolaly 
towards the Covcr'd-way and Retrenchmeut be- 
tween the Cafotn and the Maefe ; overcanae the E* 
xiemies Refiftance , drove them from their Pofls, 
Iccur^ all the Avenues, and nude a very good 
I^gment all along this Covefdway and Re- 
trencnment, of about 300 Paces; which he extend- 
ed to the Left, turning in towards the Coehom^t- 
bout I iio Paces more, to join it to that; of Major 
General La Cave^ that reach'd to the Ravelin of 
th^ Co£har^. Thus»altho% for want of a due Cort 
reQ)ondence among the fcveral Attacks, either by 
the failure or miftake of the Signals, the BeGeger^ 
mifcarried in the great Defign of this general Storm, 
which was to have taken the Cafue, with all ici 
prodigious Out-works all at once : yet, they were 
now Mailers of one of the greateft Lodgments that 
fiver was made in one Afl^ult, being near an £jre- 
li/h Mile in extent. Such a vaft Lodgment could 
not be done in a Moment ; neither could the hC- 
fault which lafted till Evening be maintain'd with- 
our confiderable Lois on both Cdes, The Beficgersi,. 
by their own Confeffion, had two Thoufind Men 
,Idlled or wounded, and among^ them many Perlbna 
of Note^ Count de l(Jvera Major Genecal, the Co* 

lonids C^ulthorfy Mtrfiliff^ LindrooP, the BatQI^ flfalfo?- 

kereny lieutenant Colgnel FaBriciuf^ of Dm thciP% 
Reginioit ; and Captain Mi^shd of the. Enfliflx 
Guards were counted among the Slainj tm aw 
mong the Wounded were recKprfd, th[e Pxince of 

Wl L L 1 A M the Thirl 9 j 

ticifiein Nwhirgbf anH the Lord Cuts^ 6f igtdeers Gfe- A. C 
neral 5 the Prince of Hcffe-Homlfur^h^ Effkigen^ ^wi- rd^j^. 
s(enhurgh^ CaunitSy Hwne^ Count Dona, Lua^lbur^j ^^^^>^ 
JMeiun^ Count de tknhoff, and Hdtmlfon^ ull Nine Co- 
1 onels ; feveral OflSccrs of his Majeftics Bufii/b 
Guards, particularly, Colonel fPin^or^ Colonel 
Stan/jofe^Color^Gl Evans ^ and Mr.Thomfjfhn ; befides a 
great many Lieutenant Colonels, Majors, Captains 
and Subaltern Officers ot other Regknenw. The 
Zx>(s of the Befieged in this A^ion did not exceed 
600 Men either Killed or wounded. The Eledor 
of Bavaria expos'd bimfelf to a Degree not to be 
imagined, riding frOm Place to Piace^ and giving 
liis Orders where the Dispute was moft obftinate. 
In(bniuch that fevcral Perfons were killed and 
wounded about him* Neither was his Electoral 
Highnefs contented to encourage the Qfiicers, and 
Sc^diers by his own Eicainplc, but animated the Firil 
by extolling their Valor ; and the latter by the 
more powerful Incentives of immediate Rewards, 
diftributing handfuls of Gold amongft them. All 
the Troops of the feveral Nations behaved them- 
ielvGs with equal Intrepidity; however it maybe 
faid, that the Englifk were the (noft bdd wd 
pulhing ; the Bav^rians^ the moft firm ; and the 
Brandtnburghers^ the moft fiicccfeful : In Acknow* . 
ledgment of which Service his Majefty writ with 
his own Hand, the following Letter totheEleflbof 
of Brandenburgh^ now King of PruJJia: 

* Y *^ ^ Interefs yout filf Co far in the PuMick jCivg WJN 
^ ' Good, that ^ou muft needs receive a parti- litaiV i^r-, 

* cular Satisiaftion m hearing of the furrender of ^^r n the 
*the Caftle of Ntfwin^^ especially confiderbg what £^^^<r;' a/ 
•Ihare you had in that Enterprize, which could 5j'*'^<fc^- 
•not poflibljr have (ucceeded without the AiSftance ™*'|* '^^ 

* of your Troops, whom I cannot enough covj^^'i ^*P^ ' 

* mend ; nor can be lefe pleas'd with the ^dmnra«* ^ 

* ble Conduct of your Generals. They have gain* 

* ed to themielves the greateft Glory and Repura-> 

* tion by this A6lion • And I aflure^u, ^is impc£C 
' * ftble for any one to be more fenoWe of an Ob- 

l ligation, than I am of that you have laid on mc^ 

• ^ 

94 ' T'he Riign vflfifZ 

A. C ^ ^ afilfting tne in an Undertaking of (iich 
y695« ^ iequence, which God has vouchsafed to bit 
I^^^YnI/ * ^^^ which, I hope, will be a coniiderable 

« vantage to all the Allies : And you majr a£oi{ 
^ your Self, I Ihall omit no occafion of giving yoi 
^ effednal Proofs of my Gratitude. 

The ii^olAugyft (N. S.) was v^^holly fpembf 
the Befiegers in perfecting the Lodgments they bd 
made the day before ; and in preparing all things 
for a iecond general AfTau'lt ; but, the next dif^ 
the Befieged having demanded a Ceilation of Arms 
to bury their De^, which was readily grantal, 
the Count de Guifcard came upon the Breach a lit- 
tle before the Truce was over, and defir'd to fjpeak 
with the £le6lor o( Bavaria. His Ele<9:oraZ tiigh- 
nefi having mounted the Breach, the Count orn^i 
to liirrender the Coehcm-Fott: But the Elec^^or an- 
Iwering, That if he would capitulate it muft be for 
the whole; Count Gi«yc4rii replied. That theAA- 
relchal de Bot^gUrs commandecl in the Caflle, and 
that he .would let him know; and de{ir*d that in 
the mean while the Ced^tion of Arms might be 
continued ; to which his Ele^ral Highnefi navios 
agreed, Nlarefchal dc Bouffiers consented to treat ibr 
the Whole. Thereupjon an Adjutant was Immedi- 
ately dilpatchM, to give the iCine an Account ot 
it, at Olfsn ; Which Express met his Majefty with 
the Prince of Vaudemont^ then coming to the Sie^Cf 
in his Coach, to give Directions concerning a fur- 
ther Attack. Upon his Majefty 's Arrival, Hoftagcs 
were exchanged, and Propolkions brought firom tne 
Caftle, the Chief of whi^h. was. That they migte 

^r^^/tr ^*^^ ^^^ ^^y^ ^^ expe6k Succours. This beiflg 

^^^^ abfolutely denied, the frcnch, after fome Debates a- 

jurren^\i ^^^f^ thenifelves. were contented to receive ftch 

* Terms as the Eleftor, with his Majefty 's Confent, 

would grant them, being (uch as are ulual upon 

the Surrender of a ftr6ng Fortrels, whole Garriibn 

has made a gallant Defence. The Capitulation was 

agreed on that very Night, and iign'd the next 

Morning , and part of the Out- works were jiven 

WILLIAM tkthirJ. f^ 

ftp preici«ly after to the Allies i the Beficged ha^ ^ q* 
riti^ three Days more allowM them to evacuate ,^-,^. 
lVvc Caftle. 'Tis remarkable that the Count dc ^^' 
Gtiijcard obljg'd the Marelchal de Boufflers to Sign the 
Articles, becaufe he had commanded in die Ca(Ue 
during rhc Siege; yrhereas the Counip had only 
commanded in the Coehorn^ and the Out- works; 
and that perhaps, this was the firft CapituUtioo that 
"was ever fign'd by a Marlhal of France ; which 
v^as lb much the more to the Honour of the Con- 
federate Arms, that they took this almoft impreg- 
nable Place la Sight of another Marflial of FruM^^^ 
who was advanced to relieve it wlrfa loooooMen, 
but w^as only a Spectator of Bravery of the former ; 
and of the coa(ummace Prudence of the ..King of 
Gre/it Brinain, under whofe Condu<3: and Dlr^ir 
: on all was happily atchiev'd ; it being univer&lly 
acknowledged, that no Siege was ever carried on 
with more Regularity. 

The I ft of September the two Armies oWerved 

one another, but the next da^ the MaHbal de VH^ 

leroy being informed of the Surrender of the Caftk 

c£ Namur, by a triple DIfcharge of all the Artillery, 

and three Salvoes m a running Fire along the Lines 

of the Confederate Army, he retired from his 

Camp at Gemhlours^ and paded the Sambre near Chat'- 

leroy with great Precipitatron. Upoij Advice of chi^ 

Motion the Kinp ordered leveral Brigades towards 

Salfines^ and a Bridge to be laid over the ^^j^^r^, to 

Oppofe the Enemy in Cafe ihcy (hould make any 

Attempt between the Sambre^ and the Maefe^ whilft 

the French Garrifcn was ftill in Pofleiiion of rhc 

Terrd'Nova. But, It feems, Monficur de. yiOerifj had 

quite laid aflde all thoughts oi iightinjg ; for t^yirig 

lent aooo Men to reinforce thq Garrifon oi^Dimnt^ 

he marched with the reft of his Army towards tho 

Lines, near Afonx» 

On the /ih of September^ the Day prefix'd for the 
French to evacuate the Caftle, the Hprfe znd Foot 
that were encampM between the Snmhre 2X\A xhc 
Maefe^ were commanded to make a Lar>e on both 
fides, from the Breach of Ti?rr/iNpz>^, thro' which 
the Garrifoh was to march out up rheHjUj^ and Jo 


96 the Reign 9^ King 

A. C *^* ^*^" t^ the M^eryj , to the ^Qf that leads t 
,^^-^ GiW^ Wbicher it was agreed, they (hotild be fifej 
^^* condu^d. About Ten of the Clock in the Moii 

ing the Gamfi>ti >^hich from 14000, was reduc'( 
to 5/38 Men, began their March. The N^arifai 
deBoufiirs^ Guard dti Corpyimit outfirfl ; then fail 
Domd^icks, and nexthimlelf, wkh Mr, afe Guifcari^ 
the Governor, at the Head of the Kihg's and -45^- 
ftU% Dragoons, as many as Were mounted, that ii 
l)etween 80 and 90 in all. The King was Incognita 
in a Olath, and the Ele6tor oF Bai;arja, the IL.andr- 

frave ofltejfe^ attd the Chief Oflkers of the Army on 
iorieback t6 fee them pafi, withJft aoo Paces of the 
Mgrjhsl it^&idtiy ^fti were faluted by the French Marfhal and 
Boufflers Count with their Swordi. This Cirillty was hard- 
jdrrefiL \j otef. When Monfieur Dytkyelt^ accofted Bou- 
fflers^ With a Meflagc which (brae what dilcompos'd 
nii CoMntenance : and as they were riding up to the 
top of the Hill, Monfieur Jtf UEtmg^ Brigadier Ge- 
neml oFthe Brigade of the Life Guards,^ made up 
boldly to the Marlhal, with about twelye of the 
Gentlemen of the Life-Guard, and arrfefted him, 
in his Britdnnick Majefty's Name, by way of Rc- 
pri&L for the Garfifens of Dixmujde ana Deynfty 
which were dctain'd and ill treated by the French^ 
contrary to the Carrel. The Marfh^ feem'd at 
firft Very much incenfed, alledging, in ^ broked 
Speech, Thdt the Laws and CkHotAs offVaf-^ xPere wV. 
Utedj and particular'ty the Capitulation lattly fign^d bj 
the Dttke of Bavaria, wherein he was ^xjrrejtf mention" 
ed ; that the Kjng of France his Mafter^ maid refent 
this Treatment of a Man of his Charatler^' dnd revenge 
it to the utmdjt of his Power j and that for his patt^ 
he had defended the Place lik? a ManofMonour^ and 
did net def^ve it, , To this Monfear Dyck^velt re* 
t)ly[d, * That the French King his Maffer, by dc- 
taining the Garrifons of Dixmuyde and Deynfe con- 

* trary to their CapitulaJon, by whith they Vere 

* tttadfe Prifoners of War, and confeouently (hould 

* hate been diftharged within the Jtttiited time, 

* paying their Ranfcm , which wis offer'd, ) 

* nad forc'd his Britannick IVfajefty to that way 
^ of demanding Satisfaction for chat in&aftion: 


WILLIAM the Tfj/U 97 

• That the Marfiials being Arrefied, was not out A. C 

• of any Diftefpefl: to his Perfon, but rather ihc 169^, 

• contrary ; for when it was propoftd to the King tyV^J 

• of Great Britain to detain the whole Garrifbnby 
' Way of Reprifal, his Majefty had expreft fo much 

• Value of his Perfon, that he look'd upon him as 
' a (ufKcient Caution to anfVer for ({000 Men, the ' 

• number of the two Garrifbns of Dixnmjde and 

• Dejnfe ; But that at tjie feme time, he had his 

' Majefty's Order, to offer him his Liberty, if he . 

• WQuId pafs his Word for (ending back the laid 

• Garrifons, or return himfdf a Prifoner, within z 

• Fortnight. To which Boh^«m anfwer'd: Thathe 
could not paft hit IVord cf Honour in 4 Matter which 
he could not execute him/elf ; That if he were at the 
Head of j-oooo Men, he would not luffer himfelf 
to be arrefted, tut now he mujl fubmit. Thereup- 
on he put up his Sword, and went back wiih his 
Domelricks" to NMmur, where the Earl of Portland 
ggve him a vl^it, and told him, as from himlelfj 

; That he made no doubt <f hit SMeafement upon hit 

Parole of Honour : But the Marihal anfwer'd. That 

I in R^egard he kjitw not the Heafiini why his Majler de- 

taind thoje Garrifons, he c*uld not engage for any 

' thing. From Namur, he was conduced to Maejiricht, 

I and treated in both Places with all the Civility ana 

; Relpeftduc to his Qyality. His Confinement wa» 

not long ; for upon the return of the Captain of 

' his Guard, whom he ftnt to give the Ktne of 

France an Account of what had tiappen'd'i ancTthe 

' Mar(ha]'s engaging his Word that the GarrHona of 

' Dixmayde and Oejtife fiiould be tent back, as foon as 

I he bimfclf Ihould be Vet at Liberty, his Britanniek.4^ fit m 

Majefty order'd the GavctaGV oi Maefirichty to Te-lJitrtjt 
I leafe him, and give him a Guard to d>ndu& htmSept.13. 
' (afe ro Dinant, 

\ TheNewsof the Surrender of theCaflleof N«-«'jVff««*. 
1 muT no foonei ; '" Ens- 

1 Hearts of alii JttAfor 

I vemtncnt wjtl; '-■'^' '/*'"* 

I lUn'i expreHI iof^tam 

lately put upon > 

' r^oot of mxn. [- 


^9 The Reign »f King 

A. C. cd bjr a Nation,^ \xrhich of all otbers, is impatiea 
1 691* of Injuries, and jealous of the Honour of their Sc 
Unl^Uveraign. The Lords Tuftices haring api>omced : 
D^ ofPublickThankfgiving for the Glorious Sue 
ceis of his Majefty's Arms, the &me was relsgi 
ouflv oblenr'd m London^ and throughout all B^g* 
. Jeof o ''^^' ^ ^^^^ Occafion f the Earl of Upmwy^ Ma* 
O.S^ fter General of the Ordimnce,ordcr'd aFire-f*ork 
f o te prepared in St. Jamesy S^uarCf which being 
firM to the general Satisfaction, his Lprdfhip gave 
a great Entertairtment to j?vcral Perfonjs of Qualir 
ty : The Night ending with Bonfires, Iltuininatioai 
and Rineing of Bells. Amidft the^ Pu)3iic(c Re- 
joicings the Dilaffeded remained, as it were, Thun- 
der-ftnick ^ And indeed theif Dilappointment (hem- 
cd to allow their Concern; for not only thdr 
Hopes, of (eeing the Q)nfcderates Atteqipt upon 
t^amur baffled, wi^re fruftrated ; but a great many 
pf them were totally ruin*d, by the Lois of confi' 
derable Wagers they had laid upon it. 
Ming Wil- i^ the mean time, the King having left the Com- 
liatn mand of the Army to (he £le4£^or of Bavaria^ his 
lisves the MzjcQy * Went to Dieretiy and from thence to Loo^ 
^*^* his iifual Recefi for Diverfion and Bufin(?6 ; whilft 
both Armies continued in the Field till tl^e 2jth 
of Seftember^ and then began ^ to feparate. The 
French King^s Houfhold retgrned into their Qparters, 
and moft oT the reft of his Troops retired within the 
Lines. As for the Allies, their Forces were diftribu^ 
ted into feveral neighbouring Garrifons, except fomc 
Detachments which marched towards N(Pii^(?r/, un- 
der the Command of the Prince o{ fVirtembcrg^ for 
the fecurity of that Plijice. ^nd thus the C^nijP^ign 
in Vlanderi ended on both (ides, much abqub t^ 
Glofc of the Month ofSeptenil^er, {N. S J 
Cmifgign Whilft diefe things pa&d m the LqwrCoumifi^ 
in Cwir the SfmiiortU^ vho, all along^ had been on tne la- 
^"*" fog natid in Capalwia^ (eemedt now to grow (upe- 
rfor to tne Prenck For fi>ur Squadrons of ft^'^fiiff 
Uts receitimg Advice that ii pet^chtpqnt of tj^c, % 
tiemy were narchiiig from Bagnplfis to Gironn^ 


XVtLttAUth Third. 99 

twhsitton that Moofieur St. Syheftre was ujionr his C. A. 

Klarch with 8oob Meft, and between three and fol^r 1 69 f 

Hundred Mides laden With all (brt9 of Protrifions 

to revival CaflU-Fotti^^ they joined theftilelres to 

a Body oi Spaniitrds \ advanced towards the frencbt 

and artack'a them fo vigoroufly, that they killea' • 

about aooo of them ttpon the ipbt, and cook near 

roc Prifoners, befides all the Motes* excep^ about 

Thirty, which efcaped into the Cattle durmg the 

Iieat ot the En^agemenP, that kfted Git HoUf s. 

^his good Succef) ^as foon after attended with the 

CatMans and Miquclcts Routing another Body of a- 

Ixmt oooo French^ Who were marching to join the 

8000 that were defeated before ; fo that if the Sfoni- 

ards had gone on as they had begun,they might have 

recovered part of their Former 1jo&%. 'Tis truc^ thsit 

after this A£Hon, they more clofely blodced up 

CaJlk'F^kt^ with a Deiigti to ftarve it, but aftor 

all, they could not hinder the Duke of f^endcfi^ 

from putting Relief into the PlaCe^ and they wcite 

fdrced to retire from before it with loft Nd- 

thcr had they any bettet Succefi: heSort Psulmneii 

the? the Place was inverted bv Sea, by the Bm-^ 

ti/h Fleet under the Commandf of Admiral HuJ^f 

as well as by Land by the Spant/h Army, rein. 

forc'd by near f ooo' Men from on Board the Fleet. 

The French gave out,, that the Duke of l^endojim 

marching to the relief of the Place rtie firft time, 

£>und himfelf too weak ; but being fh-engthened 

with more Troops for thatPurpofe, th^ Spanim-Jf 

no fooner underflood his^Intentioos, but chev drew 

off their own Forcei, and the Engi/h Reinforce- g 

mem retum'd to the Fleet. But the truth of tte 

Matter was, that die Place muft have been giveit 

up in a day or two, hzi}notthe BngU/k^AdmlHl 

thought it convenienc tb \)^r away, vppon Inteili* 

gence that Mbnfieur T^urviUe with the Frtfntl^Vktt 

was ready to come m Jhtmlof^, w4eh a D^igH tb 

Sail^fbr the Ocein t THo* after all, it appeared that 

thii Report was induftnouffihtdfed tiy the Fr^ttL 

t^ make Adia^^ J^iquw hif^Um.* 

Hfek »^ Br 

<« . • > 

160 The Reign cff^hg 

A. C. By this Stratagem the French made a fliift to pkjT 
t69f. t & vine Game in Cdtnl^nla^ but the Campaign 
C-'^W^ was lels favourable to them in Ira'j , wticrc 
Csmfmign thcy left the important Place of C<j/tf/. This For- 
in Irtly. ^rcfe having been blocked up a Ions time by the 
£ !J * V Confederate Forces to little purpofc. the formal Be- 
feg^d mid fieging of it was at length fully rciolved upon^ 
tbi^AlUtf *^° P^ '" Execution about the latter endofj^^w- 
* when the Trenches were open'd before the Citta- 
del, as they were alfo, a little while after^ before 
the Town. By the /ih of July the Imperial £fis and 
Piedmontefe began to play with their Bombs upofi 
the Cirtadel and the Oat works, while the Spaninrdi 
alio on their fide, plied the bcfie^cd with a Bat- 
tery of great Mortars; (b that m few day 5 the 
Bombs and CarcalTes had very much indamaged 
both the Town and the Out*works. At the fjme 
time, the ImfeYiail^s and Piedmontcje fprung two 
Mines under the Glacis of the Counterfcarp of the 
tiitadel. with that gond Sucre 1^, that they carry 'rf 
* the Pallifado^'s, the Counter fcrp^ and the Half- 
Moon by Storm. Ahcr this, there vere Orders 
•given to draw a Parallel Line thwart the Glacis of 
the Cittadel ; and the Work was fb effediualiy car- 
ried on, notwithftanding the concinual Fire of the 
Beiieged, that the latter finding the Beliegers ready 
to ftorm the Cover'd-way^ they thought fit to 
t Jwly 0/ ^ ^^^^ ^ Parley, and furrender the Place after thir- 
'tccn Days of open Trenches.- However the Allies 
-had not made themfclves (b eafily M^fters of it, had 
it not been (b remote from the Fwemek Dominions-^ 
or had not Marefchal de C^tivat b^en obliged to 
ftnd the greatcft Part of his Forces to ftcure the 
■Coafts of Prpvmce, againft'apy Invafion frpm the 
Englijh Fleet; whi<;h at this time, alarm'd all the 
Sotahtrn Parts oi France. The Chief Articles oi the 
jCapimlation were,' ' That al| the Fortifications qf 
i* the Town and Cittadel fliould be demoliJhed, ex- 
;'cept the. Q]d Wall of the Tpwn; that none of 
,*^e faid Foftihcations might {kt rebuilt during the 

• prefent War ;,ThK the Out-wprks Ihpuld |^de- 

• moli(hed at the Charge of the Allies, and the main 
••f-Fortifications SA the Charge of the French ; who 


» •• 

m 1 LL I AU the Third. lai 

^ might take the Powder neceflary for that purpofe A. C. 

* out of the Magazines. That the Garrifon (hould lipf. 

* continue in the Place till the dcmolilhing of the {^y^y\j 

* fiid Fortifications was finUh'd ; when they were 

* to march out with the vfuzl Marks of Honour, 

* Eight Pieces of Cannon, andtwo Mortars, having . 

* the Fre7ich Artjis on them, and be conduced to ' 

* Pignerol ; That the Town (hould be reftored to 
^ the Duke of Mantua^ and that all the Cannon, 
,* NIortars, Provifion and Ammunition (hould ap- 

* pertain to the Duke of Savoy^ and his Allies, ^x- 

* cope what the Garrilbn was to take with them. 
In the Ejtecution ot this Capitulation, it plainly 
appeared that the Duke of Savoy began to lean on 
tne Frencli fide, for he not only (iitter'd them to 
Work very flovvly on the demoli(hing the FortiE- 
catidns of C4:(at, whereby the Forces of the Allien 
vrere- hindred from entering upon fbme other con- , 
fiderablc Enterprize ; but alio allowed them ftve- 
ral things out of the publick Magazines, which, ot 
right, belonged to the Confederates. The Lord 
^allvQay who commanded his Bntnnnltk. Majefty'^ 
Forces in Phdmont was, Co difeufted .at chefe Pro- 
ceeding3, that having been left before CaT^al^ with 
feveraj Battalions to ke the Capitulation perforfti*d^ 
he rfttir'd to Turin to make his Complaints to the 
Duke, Tior could he be perluiided to go back, till h^ 
wasaflur'd by his Royal Highnefs, that no Wrong 
fliould be done to the Emperor, or . any of hi$ 
Allies. .'•'<. 

There being nothing eUe of moment tran(a(9:e4 (^^pai^ 
on the (ide of Italy this Summer, we (hall now pais t!,[^^ 
ion towards the Rhine^ but here the Campaign was' ^'"('^ 'J'r 
(b inconfiderable, that it is fcarce worth menti.^'*^*'''^^'' 
ing. The Brcncb being at firft (iiperior to the 
Pnocfc of BaJeriy would, iiideed, have drawn him to 
an unegual Battle, but his Highnefs, till he was re./ 
infbrced, kept dole within his Retrehchihents ; and 
th^n, in his Turn did all he could to bring the 
Prencbtq an Engagement, but with the like ill 

^Having difpatch'd die military Occurrences of 
|V« Tear, as Far as they relate to the Grand Con. 

A. C 

The Pmt^ 
lismem of 

Aug. 17. 

Sptecb t9 


the Reign 0J fChg 

federacy, let's now beftow oiir Attention da -fueh 
civil Tran(a£lion6 as immediately concern Engiand^ 
aad King H^Siam. On Ac ijth of Ai^ult the Par- 
liament of Ireland was open'd at Dublin^ and the 
IJord Cafft^ being attended with all tbe ufiial Ce* 
remonics, went to the Parliament Hou(e, and made 
i^ Speech to both Houles, wherein he (old them. 
That many and great were the Obligations thejr 
owed to his Majefty. That his Majefty haa ap- 
peared himielf m their Cau(e, fought their Bat- 
tles, and, at his own p^ribnal hazard* had redone^ 
thfim to their Religion and Eftates ; And that cvciy 
thing might concur to make them Happy, his 
Majefty had now called them together in Parlia* 
micnt, that by rcalbnablc and neccl&ry Law% 
they might prevent the like Dangers for the time 
to come, ana (ecure themlelves and their Pofterky 
upon the bed and (ureft Foundatious. ^^Tha( m 
doubted not, but they would make "iiiitable re^i 



His Excellency then acquainted them , * 
his Maje/ty's Revenue had fallen (hort of the E- 
ftabli&menr, which bad occafionM great Debts to 
the Civil and Military Lifts ; That it was with' 
Difficulty and flopping of all manner of Payments, 
but wh^ were aDiblutely neceilary, that the Air- 
my had hitherto been fiibfifted ; That there were 
aHo (everal other Debts due from the CrowiL a 
State whereof he had ordered to be laid before 
*^the Cotamons, by wWch they would fee, wfcat 
'Supplies were neceffary for DIfcharg'e of thofij 
Debts, and for the Support of the Govemmeat, 
That tor raifing Ibmepart of this Money his Nfar 
jefty has (ent themi a BUl/isr an AdJifiotuU Dtajf 
«/ Excife^ and he expelled, from the QendemeK 
of thc' Houfe of Commons,- that they woidd coo^ 
fider of Ways and Means for raifin^ lucb other 
Sums as "were requifite for his Service; afibnng 
tbem^ that what Motu^^theyrg^e^tbomd bf ap^ 
plied 10 the Uies for wmcE ic was given, '■■''■■ 

i- . ,■ 

?i r.^-t, ' ; 

I IV' 

VfltLl AM tbeXhirJ. toi 

* He recommended to them, that they would take A. .C. 

• Ibme care for the Rebuilding and Repairing of i<?9/. 

* tChurches in the ftveral parts of their Country, 

• th^t the People having decent publick Places of 

* ^Vo^fll!p, miht be better inftmaed in their Du- 

• ty to their CSad, and Obedience to their King. 
^ Urging, That it was a Tribute due to Almighty 

* God, Tor their late PrelerVatioti and Deliverance, 

• and that it would be one of the bcft Means the^ 

• could think of, to jjreferve the true cftablifli'd Rc- 

* iigion, and to jproyide againft future Rebellions. 

Helikewife informed them, that the Lords Ju^r 

* flices of England had, with great Applicatioil and 
^ Dlfpatch, conlider^d and retranfmitted all the Billi 

• lent to them ; That (biiic of theft Bills had more 

* effeSually provided for their future Security, thai| 

* had ever heretofore been donej That, in nis£)}(^ 

• cellency*s Opihion, the want of lucji Laws, had 

• bten one of the creatCauf^s of their paft Mife- 
f i-ies; and it would be their Fault, as well ^ Mif^ 

* fortune, if they nede<9:ea to lay hold on the Op. 

* Power oiF their £nemics to bring tiie like Gali- 
^ mimics again upon them ; or to put England to that 

* Vaft Expence of Blood and Trealure it has (o of- 
^ ten been at, for ftcutlng this Kingdom to the 

* Grown of England. Concluding with the ufual 
^ Acknowledgment of his Unfitnefs for bis creat St^ 
^ tlon,- ^d of the gr^t Difficulties whioi attend 

* it ; and Aflurance, that he would diftharge hi9 

* Truft with ftedfaft Loyalty to his Majefty's In- 
T.ter^ft and Service, and with a perfeiS Sincerity to 

*Wi^, _ . . , ^ 

The Lords ami Commons returned their Thanks 
iQ their Addrel&s to his flxcellency for his Speech ^ 
Arid paft tHii Votf, That they mtddjto the umofi of 
ihctr Pdxfjfir^ ttand b^ arid ajfyi his Miqejly and his Gof^ 
*^mmfint dgainji fU his. Enemies^ Foreign, and DomCf 
fiic^ After thijf both Hou(es proceeded with great 
unanimity and DKi^atch. to the Cqnfid^ration ot tho 
i4attei^s before trjtm ; lo that od the 6th of Sef- 

H b h 4 temkr 

194 ^^ Reign (^ King 

A. C tcmber^ the Lord Deputy gave the Royal AflS^nt to 
169;. 49f AQ for an Additional Duty of Excifi ^ v:fon 
y^y^^f^^ Beer J Ale^ and other Liquors j another, for ^^ kj^ ^ ^i^ 
ABsfufi "f^ay tht fVrit de Heretico Cofnbureftdo ; a Third, 
Stpc. 6* Declaring all Attainders^ and all other ABs^ tnadc im 
the late fretendcd Parliament to be void ; a Fourth, 1> 
reftrain Foreign Education^ which was principally de- 
fign'd to hinder the Growth of Popery ; a Fi£th, 
for the better fecuring the Government by difatmlng P^i- 
fijis ; And a Sixth, for the better Settling of Intejis* 

tes Bitates. Three Days after the Houfe of Com- 
mons, by unanimous Confent, granted to his 
Majefty a Supply of 165 3 ay/, to BeraisM partly 
by a roll-Tax. And on the i8th of the fame 
Months having confider'd the State of the Natioo, 
they relblv'd. That the great Intereji and Counter 
nance the Irifh had in the Court ^/England during tht 
two laft ^ignsj had been the Chief Caufe of aU the 
JAifeties and Calamities that had Jince befallen this 
Kjngdom, On the txth of OBober the Coitimom 
proceeded upon the farther Confideraiion of Ways 
and Means to raife the Supply, and having agreed 
upon a Computation of what the Excife and Poll- 
Tax might amount to, they pa ft a Vote, That the 
Excite (hould be continued two Years longer, af- 
ter Expiration of ihe prefent Aft ; and afterwards 
relblvedto lay a Duty iipon Tobacco, Old and 
New Drapery, Muflelms, Calicoes, and all fcrts'oJf 
Linften, and on Wine, to compleat the Supply 
granted. Which done, both Houfes adjourn'd thcmj 
fclves for fbmd time.* " , 

« * • *-^* Let's now ftep over to Holland^ where W6 left his 
in^S M^J^fty- The THankfgiving for the taking of Na. 
Uni* ^^^ ^^^ obferved at the Hague towards the latteif 
tnd of September (N* S.). On which day very fine 
Fireworks were let off, the great Guns discharged, 
and great Entertainments made for the States Ge- 
neral, the States o( Holland^ the Council of State!, 
and the other Colleges of the Government, '^ The 
Lord VtUhrs^ his Majefty's EnVoy Extraordinary 
diftinguilh'd himfelf from aliother Foreigo'Mini- 
fters; whbm he entertained very fblendidly, and iatl- 
(kd Wine to tun thro' artificial ConHuitf iamong 

Vf I LLl AM the Thiref. ijtf 

tlie People* About a Week after the King arrlv-d A. G. 
af th^ Hague from Loo^ and was; received by all pof ifipf* 
fible Dcnxonftrations of Joy, tho'^nocln that trium- <,y^\rsj 
phanc manner, in which his Malefty was expcfted The King 
by the Burghers, and which hisMojefty, who cverr^'w ^'» 
was averfe to Pageantry, as much as he was greedy ^^"^Hagut 
of true Glory, had thought convenient to decline. ®^^J^ - 
Upon Advice that Major General EUenberg c^rae^'"' *' 
feme days before to Gbcnt^ but that endeavouring af- 
terwards to get away, he was ^aken and committed 
Prilbner ; and the other chief OSicers of the Garri- 
ibns of Dixmuydc and Dejnfe were under Arrefl", 
a Court Martial was appointed at Ghent ior their 
Try aL By Sentence of this Court, which was after- 
wards traufmitted to, and confirmM by his jMajefty^ 
Major General £//e«^er^ was condemned %o be be- 
headed j Brigadeer O-Farrel to be calhicr'd with lata- 
fny, and imprilbn'd durlqg the King's PIcafu re, ^-;^^, 
three other Colonels to bel?roke Hkewife, andfomc„,^;^/£ll 
fofpended. Accordingly BUenberg had his Head leriberg 
ftruck off at Ghenp^^ having look'd Death in the Face Executed 
with great Refolution, Noir. jptih 

The King having fettled^ with the States-General, N. S.- 
the ftate of the War for th&\^ext year,, his Majefty 
iembark'd in the Maefe^ on th^.^thof Oftdter, (O. S.) 
iaboard thcPVilliam and Af^igi; Vacht, and the next 
' day fafely landed at Margate^ bcipg attended in his fiff Mmjt^ 
Paflage by a Squadron oiEngU/h and Dutch Men of y?/ UnJf 
\Var, ' comfnanded by Sir Cloujejf/ ShoveL That '^'England 
SJight his Majefty lay at Canterbury^ and on the E- Oftob. 
leventh came thro' London and fVeftmtnfterio ijtf«/?«g. '^^hO. S* 
ton \ the People in both thofe Cities expreiCng 
their great joy for his Majefties Safe and Glorious Re- 
tiurn,Dy loud Acclapiatioos^ Illuminations and Bon- 

His Majefty Was no /boner' arri?y at J^ Psr* 
but he caird a Council, wnerein he propos'd tbe/'^w^-^f 
Ipiffolvsngth^ prefent Parliament^ which alter a (mall ^'^Vi 
Debate Eeing re^Iv*d upon, a Proclamation was or- ''*^ ^^^ ' 
perM to be publiftiM lor that purpofe ; and £or de- t'^^j!^'^. 
tlaritig .a tpeedy falling another, to be holden at ^^^* 
iVeJlmlnSier the aid da^ of November next. Not to ' * \ 
ia^ntioA th^ ContfadiitiOD which upon federal oc- 

to6 The Reign 0f King 

C, A- cafions hi) Majcfty harf met with in this Paf Ilamem 
1^99. oneof the chiefReaibtis whicbinduc'd him t^sdl^kh 
it, was the Profecutian of the Duke of Leeds, whid 
in the whole Courfe of it had made his Nfajd^ 
▼ery utieafie, and which had more Spleen tbait Jn 
ilice irt it : it being certain that if any Bribed bnrer'd 
his Houfe, they ne?ver ^ere accepted by Jiiuii 
and that the only aim ot his Grace's Enedlb^ was to 
keep hiffi out of the Patfent wherein he waS natn*d ra 
be one of the Lord) Jaftices. Kow, as on the one 
hand, his Majeftj cduld nbvef have SacriHc^ a M- 
nifter, to Whoin he not only ow'd his Ms^^th with 
the late Queen, but who had Kkewife bc«o tile chirf 
Wheel on which the Itevolution tum'd, (b, on the 
other hand^ there was no fafer Way to nut a flbp to 
an Impeachment, which WasftiUdejpenditig, than the 
calling a new Parliametlc. 
TU%Ji^ Tbekte Succefi of his Majefties Arms, eikrlifl'd 
gHsm bis ttany Pirfens to chufc Members Well-affefted r& tbe 
f^jP Court ; but to influence Elcftions yet moi*e poWet- 
P*** fully ,htt Maiefty thought fit to take aPragrefe Umb- 
^7W» ward'y and the better to cover his defign, he went 
^rllofall to UtvQ'-mitrkpt^ Where he feefaiM td bftihvi- 
ted by the ufual DiVerfions of the place,at this timeof 
dbficycar. Mij&^marl^tYi^Mz]^ received the Cbm- 
plifnents of the UfiiVerfity of Carhbndgt^ and ha- 
t Ofiob. Ting ftay'd thete three days, went t to AlthHf^ a Sear 
4 >tl|. in Kcrthamptan/hire^ belon&ing to the Earl c^ Sunder- 
land. ^n\e People thought mat his Majefly came 
there chietf^ to view fine Gardens, and curious Pi* 
^res ; but the moft penetrating began to p6tceht^ 
that his Ma}efty who ha^ all along made uie of &y 
Jjord SwndertantFs Counfeji l^ehinc the Curtain, was 
xiow relblvM to bring him upcp tke pXifeUck Stage. 
Whilft his Majefty ffaid in this Country^ he made i, 
Viiit to the Earl of NmbatHfion ^ CaiMc Jfhtjly ind 
to thet Earl of Montague am B^uihfotC ihii wai ^* 
. tertsfin'rf at both thofc Places with a ft^lendid Kflnet, 
0&<A}. YromAlfkropihtKing^etitCpi * toSfMfor% juid 
?**■• in his way took a view of B/to^/<^H^ufi;' Qrf tU 
tofh of 6^oiet h;$ Maje(fy Wetit to Unebln^ attended 
by fcvera-i of the Nobifhy, and a greatTraift of Geif 
tlcmcn who reforted ftotn at t^c NdghbotWiiig 

WILLIAM tbe Third. 107 

Parts to fiehim. And havmg heard Prayers «c die Cir A, Q 
chedral, he purfiied his Journey co fVelbeck^ the Duke 1 69 ; • 
of NcwcaftUf's Sett in Noninghamjhire \ Here the Arch- VVV 
btfhopcsl'nr^i with hisCIergy, t waited uponhis Ma*NoV ii. 
jefty^ and cxingratuled his happy Succefi, and £ife re* 
cum ; cxprefi'd their Gratitude for his Majefty'sQtfrr 
#/ ti^ qirjircib, who had (hewed himlelf truly the 
Defeodcr of the Faith j aflured his Majefiy of their 
^tdclicy and Lovaky ^ prayed For all Bleilings to 
attend him, and recommended themfelves to his 
Proie&ioa, which his Majefty aflur'd them of > and 
oF all other Demonftmtions oF Grace and Favour. 
The next day t the Kina left iVelbeck^ and camct W«r«J 
that Evening to the Earl oF StamfwJ^t Houle at 3d. 
Brodr^c. On the fourth otNavembir he went co the 
Jjord BroolCs at fVarwick.CsL&le : from whence he par(« 
cd the fifth, and dined with the Duke of Shnwshtry^ 
at Bc^mt^ arrived in the Evening at 'Burfwi^ and ^ 
three days alter * came to iV^dfi^f^k, Froro ^^ iJfc* ' 
Place bis Majefty f went to Oxf^ri^ and was met ^^^^ 
iome diftance firom thence by his Grace the Duke ofl^ 
OrMMMi, Chancellor of the Univerfity^ the Vice- ^ j^^ 
chancellor^ and the DoAors in their Habits, as alio ,^^, ^ 
by the Maaiftrates oF the City in their Fomalicies ;Qxfl>f^. 
And the Compliments of both being made to t H# i/ 
his Majefty, they proceeded to the Eaft-gate oF^* f^^f^ 
the Schools, the Conduit of the City runhiqg ^W^^'^^ 
the while^ with Wine. The King atighting, pafs^ •//J' . 
iireaiy to the Theatre, where t Mr. Csi/riifjj.JJ^^ ; 
0m^o(AlS$uls^ a Gentleman of great Parts and rea-^'^^ 
dy Wit, iiipply^d the Place oF the Univerfity Qra« 
tw, who at that inftant happen'd to be out oFOrdei^, 
iuid cxprefi'd the puUidt Thanks oF the Urtivet&y, 
in ii fine extemporary Speech. The Chancellor, on 
kk kneel,J made the uiual Prelcnts ; to wit, a large 
Eft£lijh BiUe and Coismon Prayer Book , the Cuts 
tf tbeUniverflty, and a aiirofCjold Fringe Giovet. 
And becauie it was eapeeftd that his Majefty woul4 
do the UoiverGp^ the honour oF Dining amongft 
ihem; a ttafnincefR' Banquet was preparM, with 
MM variety di Mafidc ; but the Duke of Ormand 
j Mvina comimmicated to hk Majefty a Letter ad- 
itiefi'd to his Grade by a oamelefs Perfen, and dropr 

lo8 The Rehn of Krnf 

A. C. in the ftreet the day before, wherein Informatfon 
1(^9 y. was given of a pretended Defign of jjoyfonlng the 
\g0'^y\,^ King at this Entertainment; his Majefty wirhout 
reflefting on the Groundlefiirlsof a Report, which 
undoubtedly was rais'd by (bme of his Enemies, rcr 
folv'd neither to eat nor drink, and injmediatelytoolc 
Coach for H^mdfor ; declaring, as a Reafon of his 
fiiort Stay, and his not going to fee the Colleges, 

That this was a Vifit of kj^dnefsy not of Curiojity ; be 
having feen the Vniverfity before. However, this 
Compliment did not fo qualifie the feeming Con- 
tempt his Majefty cxprcft for the Univerfity, but 
that the fame was much relented : And \i has (ince 
been oblerv^, that as Oj?^r J was not (b well affefted 
fo King fVilliam as Ctimbf;idge^ fo reciprocally his 
Majefty was partial to the latter. 

The day before the K»ng began his Proercfi, 
the Commodore del Bene, Envoy Extraordinary firom 
f Oftob. the Great Puke of Tufcany, nad * hw publick Au- 
idth- dience of his Maiefty : wherein in fiis Matter's 
Name, he congratulated his Majefty's Acceffion to 
.^ the Tlirone, and condoPd the Death of Queen 
Jsth!^* Af«r7. And about a t Month after, the Marquifi 
• Dorid^ Envoy Extraordinary from the Republick 
of £enod, iiad Audience of his Majefty upon the 
lame Account. AH Prince's arid States cAltaly wifely 
Courting the Friendfliip of a Monarch, whofe Fleet 
^ had lately had (iich mighty Sway on their Coafts. 
The Piffm The Parliament being met on the aad of Novem^ 
liament of ^^^j according to his Majcfty's Writs of Summons, 
pngland the Kl*^g ftt on the Throne in the Houfe of Lords, 
ittiefif and the Commons, lent for up, the Lord Kecpeif 
fignififd to rhem his Majefty's Pleafurls, riiat tficy 
fhould forthwith proceed to the Choice of a Speaker. 
Thereupon the Commons return d to their Houfe^ 
and un.*nimoufly made a[ Choice of P^W Foley^ Efqj 
who_ being the next Day prefentcd to, and api 
proved by the King > his Majefty then made a 
Nov. aa</. Speech to both Houfts, wherein he tc4d them: 
The King^s f Tfhac it Was . with great Satisfaflion that he met 
Sfeech to « theni, being aflured of a good Difpofition of his 
fff'^^ ! Parliairiettt, when he had bad fijch Plroofs of thci 

t, > .', • 

W 1 JL JL X A M tbe Ihird. 109 

^ Affe£lion of his People, by their Behaviour Ai- A. Q 

* ring his Abfcnce, and ac his Return. i<59>- 

' That he was engaged in the preient War by the U^VS/ 

* Advice of his firft Parliament, who thou^t it nc- 

* ccflary for the Defence ok the Proteftantllelittoo, 
*and for the Prefervarion of the Liberties ot £«• 

* rope. That the laft Parliament, with great Chear- 

* fulnefs, aiiifted him to carry it on ; That He 

* could not doubt but that their Concern for the 

* common Safety would oblige them to be utiani- 
^ moufly Ziealous for the Profecution o( it \ And he 

* was glad that the Advantages they had had this 

* Year, gave them a realbnable Ground of hoiMng 
' for further Succefs hereafter. That upon this Oc- 

* cafiaa he could not but take notice of the Cou- 
^ rage and Bravery the Englifh Troops had (hewnt 

* this laft Suminer, which, he might &y, had an- 

* fwered their higheft Chiradcr in any Age ; and 
' that it would not be denied, that without the 

* Concurrence of the VnUur and Power otEnglgnJ^ 
^ it were impoliible to put a ftop to the Ambition 
' and Greatness ofFratice. 

Then Addreiiing himfelf to the Commons, he 

told them : ^ That he thought it a great Misfor* 

' tune, that from the beginning of his Reign, he 

had Been forced to ask fo many, and liich large 

Aids of his People ; and yet, ne was cQnfident» 

they would agree with him in Opinion, that 

there would be at leall as great Supplier requiiite 

for carrying on the War, by Sea and l^nd, this 

Year, as was granted in the laft Seilion ; the ra» 

rher becaufe the Enemy augmented their Troops ; 

aiid that the Necellity of augmenting the Ship- 

£ing did plainly appear. That the Funds which 
ad been given, proved very deficient. . That 
the Condicipii of the Civil Lilt was fuch, that k 
wpuld not be poiUble for him to fubfiit, unkfi 
that Matter .were taken into their Care. ^ That 
CompafCpn obli^fd him to mention the miierable 
Circumftances oTthe Frf»c/^. Proteftants, who (iiE* 
fered for their Religion ; and therefore be eameft* 
ly , recommended to them to provide a Supply 
iiutable tp tbele (everal Occafions. 


ZIO The kiigf^of Ming 

A. C. 'llMfthe muft likewife take norice rifa ffezt 

1^9 r. * Difficulty they \zj under at this time bj Rea^ 

Im^S^^ ' of the UlScate of theCoin ; theRcdrefi of which 

* tnight, perhapt, prore a farther Cbarn to the 
^ Natioax But that this was a Matter of fo general 

* Cooeem,' and of lb very jpeat importance, thas 
^ he hid thought fit to leave ik intirdy to the Confi- 
^ deration of his Parliament; 

* That he did recommend to the laft ParBamenr, 
^ the formittff feme good Bills for the Umouragement. 
^ and Enert^e (fSeanun ; That he hop'd they would 
^ not let this Seffion p2& withoue doing fcnuewhac 
^ in it^ and that they would confider ofrach Laws 
^ as might be proper for the advaf)Cemeot of Trade^ 
^ and would have a particular regard to that of the 
^ Bafi^lwlies^ left it Ihould be loft to the Niuion. 

* And that while the War made it neceflary to have 
^ an Army abroad, he could wifli feme way might 
^ be thought of, to raife neceflary Recruits withoac 
^ giving ocdifion of Complaint. ^ 

" That bis Deiign to meet bisTeople in a new 

* Parliament, had made theopentngcHFthis Seffion 
^ trery lace ; which he hopM they would have (iich 
^ regard to, as to make all poifible difpatcfa of the 
^ great Bufinefi before theni ; and would call to 

mind, That by the Ions continuance of the laft 
^ SeiGon, the Allies did not only lofe Advan- 
^ tagtts whidi they might have had at the Begin* 
^ning of the Campaign, but gave the Enemy 

* fhdi an opportunity, as might have proved very 

* fatal to thenu And that he was the more con-^ 
*cem'd to prefi thisj becaufe oF the great prepara- 

* rations the Bench made tobe early in the Fidkl next 

* In theclofeof his Speech his KCajefty told the 

* Lords j That he ha4 had fiich Experience of their 

* good Affe6lions ; and to the Commons^ that he 
^' had (uch an entire Satisf^6lion in the Choice which 

* bis People had mad6 of them, thaH he promised 

* himfclf a happyOortclufion ot tbi sSeflum ; un- 

* lefi they fuffcr'd themfelves to bemifledlnto Heats 

* and Divifions, which being the only hope their 

* common Enemies had now Uk^ He" made nsr 



WILLIAM tk thirl lib 

doubt Wt they wquH enjcitely di^pppinc iheoi, by A* C 
th^ir Prudence, ancl ^Lave (o their pMiptiy; if5£. 

Bpth Houfes in their xttpcdivrQ Ad4reffci, with ^\^ 

grea^ Xe^L ^nd Unanin^ty, Coi\gra;t4ated the glp^ 

riou^ (u^cceis of his Maje(|[y -$ Arms acvoadi 9n4 bi$ 

^e Retura home ; ana likjcwiie retium'd hisMajefty 

T'banks for the Tnift a,nd Confidence Ue repo$ 4 in 

their Affe£tions ; affuring him withal, that they werf 

felblv^'d to lupport his Majefty and bis GovemmeoK 

asainft all his JSnemies, Foreign and Dosieftii^itv and 

eSe^ually to aiSfthim in the prolecutioa of (he pre* 

(knt War, in which he was engaged lot d^ &£rty cl 

J^ngUnd^ and the Liberty of Enrofe. The GqinmoiM 

Addrefi being pr^fepted by the wbplc Houfe, Jeui 

Ma^pfly ihanlCd them beduil^f for tbs Murki ihey gMMf 

him. of their AffeBion. Adding^ His 4^4 f heir Im^- 

rtfis Vfprc itifef arable^ and that there ^^s mthing hq 

wijh^d fo much, as the Happinefs of this, CQUnpy^ Vfber4 

qid bad placed bitfh ^ ^^ 

This Parliament purltfcd the Definn« q( the forwet f r'^ 

with the greateft Skill, as w<?ll as tk^ wzfm^ Zeal ; S#» /2 

both which were aWoluteljr neceflary i;o gp tjvo' tbe^^V un^ 

difHcifltii^s that lay in their way» and of which it^^r at this 

vrlli not be improper to give a SikQi^in^ AcoQuot. time 

To n>aincain dii^ new Settlemepc after chp. 1^ Revo- 

lucion, the Nation had a War upon tb^^ir h^^ with 

a mighty Prince, who by his nay4 Stfi^ngi^ and 

n)uch more by his Countels, apd hi$ CQ^p^ SuCn 

c^flibs, was grown the Terror of aJJ ^r</i9. Thi* 

great Monarch pote^d the Per(bp, ^: efpous*d 

She Quarrel of rne late Abdicated and Unfortunatp 

Kitig James f and looking on his HopOtir. ^d lata* 

t^fk alilbe concem'd^ us'd hi^ utmoft Efforts to re« 

qnf hrQtijq hixn. And tho' Bmif^nd h^A hitherto with 

((reat Refbliftion and Ci^mulficfs bort>itl|e Weight} 

oi this, heayy War, to prw'f^e.wh^^^qr. is dear to. 

an ^n^lifh Freeman, and a, ]?roce{i;anc ; yet (ome of 

the wi/eft and clearejd fighted amptig ijoQw^ who were^ 

fiearty Fripnds of the Gpy/qrnmcnt, grew diffident 

Qf t^e Ey ent, Xhfiy qiieftipti'd the Nation's ; Ability 

to nfiaip^^in fq exp^i^Gve a War, ;. v; hilft: th^ Eoemica 

of'vf Settlcnpen? we«j copfidefltiy fiireof gver^ 

mrAin j^ it, 'Tis trjUfi. mdfi^. the. WmtKi bad at, 

* the 

J I X the Reign of King 

'A. C the head of the Government a Prince, vsrho ixrasa 
169^ once thewilcft Politician, and moft accotnplifliV 

General ; and who the laft Campaign by the 
£lion ot the important Forcrels of Namur^ in the 
bight o( aimed all the Power of France^ had firuck 
a Damp upon his Enemies abroad, and dilcompos'd 
the Aflurance of the Malecontents at home. Bur 
liot^yithftanQing the Nation might rely ujx>n his 
Majefty, tor every- thing that could be expe6fed 
from the greateft rrince, and raoft vigilant Father 
of hfs Country ; yet the People could not be with- 
out their Fears, left he (hould one day fall by the 
hands either of his open or fecret Enemies ; and the 
Kingdom be afterwards crufh'd by the Power of 
both. And at theftme time, they doubted whether 
the Nation, tho' ever lb willing, would be able to 
grant to h!s Majefty the neceffary Supplies for cany- 
jng on the War. 

Bur bt fides what was to be apprehended from ib 
formidable a Foe abroad, there was a great deal to 
fear from the Dlfcontented at^ home. For tho' the 
Body ot the Nation was infinitely pleasM with the 
Jate Revolution, yet a confiderable Number, partly 
out of Principle, partly out of Intereft, were impa- 
tient of their Deliverance, which, in their Opinion, 
wasaccomplifh'd by unjuftifiable Means. Befides the 
J(ct9Mn Catnolicks, a great number of moderate Pro* 
teftants, and fuch as were the Creatures and Depen- 
dants of the lateG6v^rnment,werc become Encoiies of 
the pirefenc Settlement ; and by open and clandeftinc 
Way8,eudcavour'd toftreighten or fubvertit; And all 
methods, which Wit quickened with Malice could 
foggeft. were employed to weaken the Reputation 
of the Government ; and to encreafe the Fears of the 
People. The publick Minifters, tho* faiihfiil and 
vigilant, were traducM and expos'd to Contempt; 
The Loffesthat bcfel the Nation were attributed to 
their Treachery or Negligence, and highly aggrava- 
ted I on the contrary, the Advantages, which the King 
at any time obtainM diminifh'd atnd flighted. The 
Parltameac refolving to carry on the War with Vi- 
gour, were oblig'd to lay great Taxes on the Peo- 
ple, and the \¥ar continuipg lb long, they couki aot 


WI L L I A M //^tf ThirJ. iii 

be infenGble of the Burden: Of this the Difcontent- A. C. 
ed took the advantage, and rtprefented in all Com- 1695:. 
panics, . that the Government rauft of necefiiry fink V.x*y*v^ 
under irs own weight, and that thefe heavy Taxes 
by reducing the Nation to extream Poverty, would 
inevitably prove its Deftruftion. They never ccas'd 
'declaiming on this popular Subjeft, hoping to make 
the People weary of a Government which was re- 
prefcnted fo burdenfom ; and at lall perfwade them 
rather to let in the Deluge, than to be at the Ex- 
pence of maintaining their Banks. 

Befides, the profefe'd Adherents to King Jameses 
Intereft, there were others, who tho' great Afferters 
of the late Revolution, and averfe enough to a fe- 
cond ; yet from I know not what private Dilgufb, 
perlbnal Quarrels and Dilappointments, grew ibwr 
and tineafie ; and to exprefi their Refentments, en- 
deavour'd to bring the Admihiftration into Con- 
tempt. ^ Thcj^ were for breaking the Confederacjr, 
and againft raifing fuch large Sums of Money for 
carrying on the War j they were for diftreffing 
and ftreightning the Government, but not for over- 
turning it; in fliort, they were againft all things that 
the known Enemies of the prefent Settlement were 
againft, and for all things wnich they were for, un- 
lefs the Reftoration of the late King. That is, they 
were for all nieans that could certainly bring about 
the End, but not for the End it fclf. However, un- 
der this plaufible pretence ofdeclaring againft great 
Taxes, and other popular Oppofitions, they thought 
to recommend themielves to their Country, as great 
Patriots ; fiippofing that the Character of a Patriot 
was without diftinaion of Times orPerfons, to be 
ever againft the Court. Tho' they could not but 
be fenuble, that tbtc Prefervation of their Religion, 
Laws and Liberties was infeparably Interwoven wittt 
that of the prefent Settlement ; That the Face of 
Affairs was lb far alter'4 by the .late Revolution,* 
that tbelntereft of their Countrv. was plainly th<i' 
ftme with that of the Court ; wnich appcar'd, as 
well by the Oppofition that was made to it by all 
thofe whom thefe Men themfelves ever.lookM upon 
as the grcat«ft Promoters o[^ Popery and Arbitrary • 

■".'." Iii power, 

i t4 The Reign ofKittg 

A. C. Power, as by the Principles of Liberty by which 
l($j^f • the Government was firft (et up, and without Mrhich 
1^ it could not ftand. 

But the greatcft difficulty the Nation now laboured 
under, was the ill jlate of the Coyn, a Miichicf 
which the lad; Parliament^ had attempted to cure j 
and ^ which thro^ the Application of too gentle Re^ 
medies, was become altogether defperate* The DiU 
affeftcd obferv'^d it with unconceivable Joy ^ being 
confident the Government muft unavoidably iplit on 
this Rock. And iho' the Friends of the new Scttle- 
itient were fully convinced that this Grievance ought 
to be fedrefi'd j yet how to effe£l it. In fiick a Con- 
junflwrc, wIchoUt, bringing the Nation into the ut- 
moft confuCon, was the. hardeft Task imaginable. 
. The Bench after the taking of Namur^ ( a BloW 
which wounded them,^ in fo fenfible a Part) grew 
Very diffident of the iffue of the War ; they ex* 
preft by their Behaviour and Language, how muci 
their hopes of fiibduing Englandhy open Force were 
abated; and they could noc but forefee, that if 
King If^lliam could appear in the Field the next 
Summer, in the fame circumftances as he did the 
^ laft, it would be very hard, if not impoflibic, for 
them tooppofe bis Arms. To prevent this they had 
Two things to wifli and promota ; one was to em- 
broil the Nation's Affairs, by creating Mutinies at 
home ; the other to ruin its Credit, and thereby 
difable his Majefly from carrying oii the War z* 
broad. The firfl: they hop'd would be effe6ied by 
the ill (late of the Coyn, for to attempt its Cure, 
they judged would alike produce (uch intefline Di/br- 
ders, as would prove the Ruin of the Nation. Fo^ 
this Reafbn they engag*d their Friends in EngUnd^ 
to employ themfelves with tb^ utipoft Piligence, t« 
aggravate the inconveniencics of not recoiaing the 
Silver Money, if that (hould be neglecSbed ; or toi 
embarrafi as much as they were able , the Methods 
of recoining it, in cafe that (hould: be agreed on ;^ 
and thereby m^e it grievous and infupportable^ 
And in ca(e^ by a Miracle, this great Bufmels (hould 
be acconiplKh'd without the Conftifion that was ex- 
pend to ioUow, th^y w^e inftru^ed to leave m 

W itLt AM z;^^ TioirJ. II J 

Arts untryed, wtiereby they might dcftroy the A. C- 
Jpublick Credit ; and pariicwIarTy that of the* idpr. 
Bank of England^ Which Was then the great fup-v^^^y^y 
port of the *Nation, and was by experience found 
to be lb the following Summer, when it contributed 
fb much to the liipport of the Army. If either of 
ihefe Defigtis, aaa much more if both fuccieded, 
they were well iatisfied it would be impofllble tof the 
King to appear in Flanders the next Spring, in that 
formidable manner he did the year before. Add to 
all this^that at this time,tho 'twas plain by the event, 
that the Nation had Treafiire enough to Support tfje 
War, jret the Ways of coming at it Were grown vew 
ty difficult. The former Parliaments ch5c rather 
to eftablifh Funds for publick Supplies, than to ufe 
any methods of railing them within the year ; divers 
Branche s of the King's Revenue Were by his Majeft ies 
own Confent, fubie6led to great Anticipations, and 
the moft eafie ancj obvious Funds were already fet* 
tied, and fiifficicntly loaded ; fo that by the Conti- 
' nuance of the War, it became much harder for this^ 
than for the preceding Parliaments, to End out 
Ways to defray the Charge of it. This was the Po- 
fture of Affairs when this Parliament firft fat down. proceeJ- 

The great Thing they had to do, and which they i„gs of tid 
undertook with great Alacrity, was to find out ways partial 
to discharge the expence of the War, and to carry ic ntent. 
' on with Vigour, till they could bring it to a fife and 
honourable Conclufion. This they were refblv'd to 
' do with the utmofl Care and Application ; but at 
the fame time to fhcw their Zeal to the People who 
chofc them, by lecuring their Lives ahd Eftates, 
before they fb much as enrer'd;upon any pub- 
lick \Bufinef8, the fb much defir'd Bfii for l^fuiatin^ 
Trials in Cafes of freafoni, ar^d Misprifioft cf Treafoi^ 
which had federal times bten loft in the former Paf^ l^ovi] 
liaments, was now brought * again into the Houfe ^^^'*' 
of Commons, and in a fhort time read three times f Decern^ 
there, and t fent up to the Lords for their Concur- 8 rb. 
fence. By this Bill many, things Whidi the People ^^for 
conTplain'dof'as grievous^ were femov'd or miti- ^^^"^^^'^i 
gated J it being therein Enafteci', . ^ That ^fzcx th^^f' '"i 
: fe/th of Afarr* t6^6. all Perfoni Indracd forHIgh^ ^"J'' \ ^ 
. " lii* , Trca/'^''-^^'''^^ 


A. C 

The Reign of King 

TVcifoft or Misprifion df fiich Trealbn, (hall havi 
a Copy of the whole Indi£iiiicnc ; but not the 
Names of the Witneffes, five days at leaft, before 
they fhill be Tryed j and fhall be admitted to make 
their Defence by Council, Learned in the Law, 
not exceeding two. That no Perfbn (hall be In- 
di£l#d or Attainted of Treafon or Misprifion of 
Trealbn ; but by the Oaths and Teftimony of tw9 
Lav^ful iVitnejfes^ either both to the fame Overt- 
A6k, or one to one, and the other to another Ovcit- 
hGt of the feme Treafon ; unlefe the Party willing' 
ly in open Court confefs the fame^ or {{rand mutc^ 
or refufc to Plead, or jprercmptorily challenge 2- 
bovc If of the Jury. That where two or more di- 
ftin6k Treaibns ordivers kinds (hall be alledg'd m 
one Bill of Indi(Sment, one Witneft to one, andi- 
nother Witnefs to another, (hall not be deemed 
two Witneflcs, within the meaning of this hSt, 
That no Perfon fhall be Profccuted for any fiich 
Crime, unlels the Indiftment be found within three 
years after the Offence committed ; Provided and 
Excepted, That any Perfon defigping or attempt- 
ing to Aflaflinate or Poyfonthe King, may be Pro* 
(ecuted any time, notwithftanding the jfaid limita- 
tion. That all Perfofts Indidted of foch Treafon, 
and Misprifion of Treafon, after the faid a|th day 
dtMarch^ 16^6. fhall have Copies of the Jurors 
that are to try them, two days at leafl before their 
Tiyai : and fhall have like Procefs to compel their 
WitnefTes to appear for them, as is ufiially grant- 
ed to WimefTes againftthcm. That no Evidence 
Ihall be admitted of any Overiafl:, <hat is not ex- 
prefly laid in the Indi£lment. And that this Afl 
Ihall not extend to any Impeachment on their Pro- 
ceedings in Parliament: Nortoany Indiiftmentof 
High-Treafon, nor any Proceedings t^jereupon, 
for Counterfeiting his Majefties Coin, his great 
Seal, Privy-Seal, Sign-manual or Signet. To this 
Bill the Lords added the Claufo they had always 
infifled upon, to wit. That upon the, Tryal of a- - 
ny Peer, or Peerefs for Treafon, or Misprifion, 
all the Peers who have a Right to Sit and Voce in 
Parliament, (ball be duly SummonM xq days at 

■ Meaft 

W ILLIAM the Third. U7 

^ leaft before luch.Tryal, to appear atfiichTryal, A. C. 
and Vote at the fame, having nrft taken the Oaths 1 6v^ • 

* appointed by the Aft of Parliament made Primo C^YSi 
^ Gulielmi (^ Marine^ and fiibfcribed and repeated 

* the Declaration mentioned in the Aft made 30. 

Car. n. Which Claufe was * agreed to by the ♦Jan, 17. 
Commons* 'Tis remarkable that whilft this Bill was 
^ill depending in the Lower Houfe, the Lord Shafts^ The Lord 
tury^ a^ worthy Offspring of the late Earl of that name, Shaftsbu- 
perceiving thatlbme oppofiiion was made againft it, 'y.^ ^'"'' 
Tofe up in order to Xjjeak for it, and having begun 'J^^j^^^'J^ 
his Speech, he induftriouQy feign'd to be fo fiirpra'd ^dl^pafs, ^ 
that for a while he could not go on : But having re- ' 
xoyer'd himfelf, he took occafionfrom his very Sur- 
prize, to enforce the Neceffity of allowing Council 
to Prifoners, who were to appear before their Judg- 
ed ; iince he, who not only was unaccus'd and inno- 
cent, but one of their Members, was (b dalh'd when 
be was to, (peak before that auguft Affembly. An 
Admirable Turn of ready Wit ! And which (hew- 
ed tV^at this young Lord inherited his Father's Parts. 

Upon the (econd of Deccmkcr the Houfe of Com- Bitfiiefs •/ 
mons yptcd a Supply for carrying on the War; and ^^* ^^tP^J* 
after ward^ proceeded to proportion it according to 
the Eftimates relatipg to the Navy, the Array, and 
the Quota's the (Confederates were to fumifh. They a 500000 /, 
Granted the Sum of 1 wo Millions, Five hundred S^'/'^^^^f^^ 
thoufand Pounds SteVling for the Navy ; Sixteen g' ^^^> 
thoufend, Nine hundred feventy and two Poinds, ]^^j 
for the Ofl^cers of the two Marine Regiments ;j-jg-^/^ 
Two Millions (even thou&nd eight hundred eighty /^r the 
twoPoun4s, for the Pay of 87440. M^n, including ^4»^ For* 
C^ommiflion, and Non Commillion Officers, ma- cef. 
kipg up theHorfe, Dragoons and Foot, which ac^i Dec. 14* 
cording to the Lift of the Land Forces delivered 
into the Houfe, they had voted necefliry for the 
Service of the year 1 6196. And laftly, yooooo f. for 
the Office of Ordnance, the Pay of the General Of- 
ficers, Transports, Hofpitals, Contingencies, and 
other extraordinary Charge of the War ; in all. 
Five Millions, twenty four thoufind eight hundred 
^fty thrw Ppun.ds. 

111 3 Ha- 

ii8 the Rei^k sf Kinj^ 

C. A. Having granted thefe vaft Supplies, thev encfe 
1095'. vour'd all that was poffible to raife them by (iic 
\„^y^f'>u Ways and Means as might keep the People from h 
W^ijs tfY^ing uneaite. And notwithihnding the Lands < 
Means to England had all along born lb great a fliare of A 
raife the publiclc Charge, and that now 'there might be i 
Sulfites, greater Pretence to eaft the Landlord ; yet tix 
Commons refolv'd not to fpare thcmfelves, but taxy 
Land Four Shillings in the Pound ; and laid the fam 
Impofition upon all perfbnal Eftates, and upoi 
all Offices and Employments of Profit, other t\m 
Military Offices in the Army, Navy and Ordnance. 
And because this Tax came very much (hort of an* 
iwering the Supplies they had voted, the Mou(e re- 
iblv'd, firft to enlarge the Times for Perfons to come 
in and purchafe certain Annuities, mentioned in i 
former Ail. zdly. To continue the Duties formerly 
charged on Low Wines, and Spirits of the firft Er- 
t ration, ^dly. T^q continue the Ehities upon all 
Wines, Vinegar and Tobacco, from the a4th day 
qf y«»tf, l(J98. to the zgih dsij of Seffember^ 1701. 
Fourtlily, to continue the Duties upon all Eaft-Indi^ 
Goods and Manufa£):ures, and upon all wi^ought 
gilks, and fcveral other Goods, from the i oth Day of 
'November^ l6^y» to the a9th of September^ 1 70 J. 
Fifthly, to fettle a Fund, by continuing the Duticj 
upon Salt, for the payment of Intereft, not ex- 
ceeding Seven Pound />^r Cent, redeemable by Parlia- 
ment. And Sixthly, that the Duties of arf Pounds 
fey Tun be laid upon all French Wine ; 3 o /. Ptr Tun 
upon all Hrench Brandy ; i^ Ifer Tun on all French 
Vinegar ; and xf I. per Cent^ ad valorem^ upon all other 
Goods of the Growth, Produft, qr Manufa6hire of 
Prance^ Imported after the lath day of March, lijgy. 
for the Term of ai years, and from thence to the 
end of the next Seflion of Parliament, over and a- 
bove the Duties already charg'd thereupon, without 
any Deduction, and after that Rate for any greater or 
iefler Quantity. And feveral Bills were prepa- 
red and brought in according to the faid RefoJu-r 

By this Time the Lords had confider'd that Part 
pf the King's Speech which related to the iilft^teof 

W I L L I A M /i&(? ThirJ. 119 

the Coin, and having drawn up an Addrtfi, to A. G, * 
which, in a Conference, they defir'd the Concurrence i ^9/ 
of the Commons, rhe letter, in a Committee of the Bufinifirf 
iwrhole Houfe, enter'd upon that great Affair ; And ^^^f^ 
whether it was neccflary or expedient to recoin the V.^Or*^ 
Silver Money, was thefirftQueftion; The Country 
Party held the Negative, the Court Party the Affir- 
mative ; and the Arguments were wei^ty on both 
Sides. The Reafons againft calling in and recoining ^'f ^"'^ 
the Money wf re, * That this was no fit Conjun- ^*t . 
£kure for it ; Thar the Nation was engag'd in a bur- ^H^^gfj 
denibm and doubtful War, by which the Kingdom ^^ 'mqI^* 
had already greatly (iiffer'd, and of which it grew * 

every day more fenfible. That therefore the People, 
on -whofe good Affe^Sion the Government fb much 
depended, (bould not be provoked by frefh Grievan- 
ces^ greater than any they had yet felt, as thofe 
would certainly be, that muff arite from the calling 
in the Silver Coin. That if this was done, howcvdr 
Things might be manag'd, and accommodated at 
home, it were impoffible to maintain either thcCom- 
roerce or the War abroad ; for neither the Merchant 
could be paid his Bills of Exchange, nor the Soldi- 
er receive his Subfiftence. That this was to lay thte 
Ax to the Root, and to dig up the Foundations of 
the Government. That if this Defign was profe« 
cured. Trade muft ftand ftill, for want of mutual 
Payments, whence fuch piforder and Confufion 
would certainly follow, as would difcourage and 
difhearten the People in the higheft meafurc, if noc 
drive them to a perfeft Defpair, as Defpair would 
to the moft terrible Extremities. That therefore 
the Recoining the Money at this Time, was by 
no means to be attempted without haxarding 


* 'Twas alledgM by thofe of the contrary _Opihi-{^^ii>)t/yip 
on, at the Head of whom appeared Mi^, Charles «^- 
Montague^ Chancellpr of the Exchequer : That 
the Miichief would be fatal, if a present Remedy 
was not found out and apply 'd. That by Reafbn 
of the ill ftate of the Coin, the Change abroad was; 
• infinitely to the Nation^s Prejudice. That the 
I Supplies tliat we^-e rais'd to maintain the Army 

lii 4 ! would 

I lo The Reign of King 

A. C. ^ would never attain their end, being fo much diml^ 
169;. * nifti'd and dcvour'd by the unequal Change^ and 

* exorbitant Prcjpiums , before they reach'd the 
' Camp. That this was the unhappy Caufe that 

* the Guineas advanced to Thirry Shillings, and fb- 

* reign * Gold in Proportion; That therefore ro 

* the tiation's great Lois, not only the Duteb^ but 
* A Frtnch^ indeed all Europe, fent that Commodity to this 
houu^iCory Market; and would continue to do fo,tifl the Na- 
9MS St thiti jJqjj {hould be impoverifli'd and undone by plenty of 
time wmb t g^jj Yjj^j ^g ^yfl. exchange for their Gold our 
•♦ '' * Goods or our Silver, tillat laft wc (hould have only 

* Guineas ^o Trade withal ; which no body could 

* think our Neighbours would be fo kind to receive 

* back at the value they were at here. That therefore' 

* this Difeafe would every day take deeper Root, in- 

* fc6l the very Vitals of the Nation, and if not reme- 

* died,wouldfoon become incurable. That our Ene- 

* mies muftbe mightily intimidated by fo great an 

* Aftion, and would fooner be induc'd to agree to ho- 

* nourable Terms ol Peace, in cife thejr faw qs able 

* to ftrmount this difficulty by the Retrieving the ill 

* date of thcCoin, on which their hopes of the Nati- 

* on's (peedy Ruin fo much depended ; And that ft 

* would juftly create a mighty Efteem abroad of the 

* greatnefi and wifflom of the Parliament of England^ 

* which was able to conquer fiich an obftinate and al- 

* moftinfiiperable Evil in foch a junfture of AJ0Fairs; 
This Matter being fully debated, and maturely 

conCder'd, the Parliament refolv'd , to call in and 
recoin the Silver Money, chufing rather to run the 
hazard of feme great inconvcnicncies, by attempting 
the Cure of the Dlfeaft, than by their longer ncglc<$ 
of it, to expofe the Kingdom ro apparent Ruin. 

This ftep being made, the next was to confider 
whether the (everal Denominations of the New Mo- 
ney (hould have the feme Weight and Finenefi as 
the Old ; o? whether the eftablifli'd Standard ihould 
be raised ? And this Queftion produced manv Debates. 
Thole who were for raifing the Standard alledg'd. 
That the Price of an Ounce of SHver Bullion was 
advanced to Six Shillings and three Pence ; and 
tjierefore the Standard ought to b? raiji'd to an 


W I L L 1 A M /i&tf thirJ. izt 

equality. That the raifine the Standard would A. C. 
prevent the Exportation gf the Coin, which of late 169 5, 1 
had been much praftisM to the great Prejudice of 
this Kingdon). That it -would prevent its being 
xnelted down ; and that thereby People would be 
much cncourag'd to bring in their Plate and Bul- 
lion into the Mint. 

The Coun^Party^ who were for preferving the ol4 
Standard, urg'd. That the worth of Money was re- 
lative, and to be rated by the Meafure ot ftch 
Goods, Labour, Advice, Skill, or other Afliftances, 
as could be purchaied from another by our part- 
ing with it.' That the value of Money among Peo- 
ple that liv'd under different Municipdl Laws wa^ 
Intrinfick, and confiftcd in its Weight and Fine- 
nels. That common Conlent had given it this va- 
lue for the common Cotiveniency of fupplyiog 
one another's Wants , That the weight ^nd Fine- 
nefs was the only worth that other Nations regard- 
ed in our Coin, as we in theirs; all Money being 
between Subje6ls of different Governments, of no 
greater value, excepting the Workmanfhip, than 
lo many Pieces of uacoin'd Bullion. That there- 
fore (hould our Standard be alter'd, we (hould ftill 
be upon the fone Foot with our Neighbours, for 
if we were to pay them for their Goods, or Ex- 
change our Money with theirs, whatever Denomi- 
nation we gave our Money, they would in their 
Change evtr reduce it to an equality with theirs, 
and proportion the Quantity and Goodnefi of their 
Commodities to the Weight and Finenefs of the 
Money they were to receive for them ; fbthat, iri 
Relpeft of our Foreign Commerce, there was no 
Realbn to alter our Standard. At Home they faid. 
That if the Standard was raifed, great Contufions 
would attend it ; the Landlord would be defraud- 
cd of a great part of his Rents, and the Creditor 
of his Debts. That the Seaman and the Soldier 
would be wronged in their Pay, and many the lik^ 
Injuries and Iqconveniencies would happen. That 
it was no Aniwer to fijr, they might buy as much 
Goods and Conveniencies of Life with this Coii^ 
faifed above its Standardj as they could before ; 


f iii The Reign cfKing 

j^ C. bccaufe, hjr Degrees, the Seller would in&ilibl 
i<J9C. raife the Price of his Goods, in proportion to rf 
^^t^^^ new railed Standard ; and that of tnis, there wa 
an Inflance before them, all Commodities {beioj 
greatly raifcd in their Price, while Guineas wcrs 
paid tor Thiny Shillings. That whereas it wai 
alled^d, that the Price of Bullion was rifen to fvsL 
Shillings and three Pence, and therefore the Scan- 
dard or the Silver Coin ought to be raised likewife; 
It was replied, that it was a thine impofCble that 
flie Price of Silver could rife ana fall in refpe^ of 
It (elf ^ that it was an unchangeable Truth, tbaq 
which no Mathematical Demondration could be 
clearer, that an Ounce of Silver would ever ht 
worth another Ounce of the fame finenefs, and no 
more ; allowing fome inconfiderable Dlfparity up- 
on the account of the Coin, if one Ounce be ia 
Money, and the other Ounce in Bullion. That 
'twas true indeed, that the People commonly gave 
<J /. 5 rf. for an Ounce of Bullion ; but that mcy 

}[ave only dipt Pieces, that had no more than the 
ouhd of shillings and Pence, but were by no means 
the things themfelves, that is, they were not the 
Standard Shillings of due Weight and Finenefi, and 
were no more fb in the juft Senfe of the Word, than 
an Ell is an Ell, when the third part of it is cut off 
That the Cafe was (b plain, that when they de- 
inanded of thofe that affirmed an Ounce of Bullion 
was worth fix Shillings and three Pence, whether 
they meant fix milPd Shillings and three Pence, 
they knew not what to reply ; for this Alteration 
ot the value of Bullion was meerly in Relation i(x 
diminifli'd Money. And to make it yet more cvi- 
dent, they urg'd, it was then Matter of Fad, that 
with five Shillings and tvyo Pence of new tnitPd 
Money, they^ could buy as much Bullion as they 
pleaftd ; whilft thofe who bought it with dipt 
Pieces paid fix Shillings and three p^nce. That 
whereas it was urged, that tlie raifing the Standard 
would prevent the Exportation of our Money, ic 
was anjfwer'd : That there was, ixo other way fot 
iible to keep our Money at* Hoihe than iy Oufr 
trading our Jsfeightours j that i|s^ by fcodf g thcia 

W 1 LLI A M the Third. xij 

^K>re Gominodittes, or of greater Value, than thofe A. C» 
wd received from them ; Tor if upon the Ballance 1695, 
vre ivere found in their Debt, there was no way v^^^VJ 
left but to pay it in Coin or Bullion ; and that 
therefore whatever Denomination we gave our Coia 
-we muft he ncceffitated to fend it Abroad, if the 
^omxnodicies we exported could not pay our Debts, 
And that all the other Arguments for raifing tht 
Standard would fink to the Ground, in Cafeihefe 
two on which the reft were built, had no reasona- 
ble Fout>dation. After the Debates on this Subjeft, 
the CxMntnons refolv'd * to F^coin the dipt Money jf,e r^ 
according to the eftablt/Fd Standard of the Mint^ both coining of 
4s to I4^eight and Finenefs ; and to make it more eafie ^ho Money 
to the People, they voted a Recompence for the according, ^ 
Deficiency of the Clipt Money; and that the lofs^^^^^^^^ 
of fuch clip Money Jhould be born by the Publicki ^Tid^^^"^ . 

a Fundofi^ooooo/. fettled for that purpofc. "^'^'^^^^^ 

The Pariiaraent was not infenfible of the Incon- \^q^ 
veniencies that would attend the Calling in and Re- : . 
joining of the Clipt Nfoney, the principal of which 
Would be a Ceflation of JPayments, and thereup-^ 
on an Interruption of Commerce. 'Twas phm 
England could not (iibfift unlefi (bme Expedient 
was found out to fuppdrt its Trade, till the New 
Money returned from the Mint, and fince Gold a^' 
lone was not fufficieftt for that purpofe, to hit on 
fiich a9 Expedient, was a very nice Task. They 
therefore agreeal to call in the Money by Degrees ; 
that while fome Denominations of Coin were fiip- 
brefled, others might be Current ; hoping that be- 
fore the laft old Money (hould come in to be re- 
coin'd, fo much of the New might circulate from 
die Mint, as might fiifficiently anfwer the neceC 
luies of the Nation. Thereupon they Relblved^ 
Firft, That a IXay be appointed^ after which no Clipt 
Crmnj or mifCrmns, as alfo any Money Clipt with- 
' in the ^ing^ bt aUow'd inpayment, or to pdfs '^ ex-. 
^ept onlyto th^ Collegers of his mjejl/s l(evenues and 
1&*w, ot upcH Loans' (ft Payments into the Exche- 
quer ; Secondly,^ that a bay bt appointed^ after which 
^C/to M^Hey Jkmldpafs in any Payment whatfoever^ 
Thitdly, TA^ s Day be appointed for alt Perfons to 
hi^ in (bar Clipt Movey^ to ^e regoin'd iftto Miltd 
': ■'' Mpnef^ 

it4 The Reign of King 

(i^ C, 1A§ney ; 'aftur which no Hecompence Jhotdd hi mndefirr 

KS95. ^ke fame, * The next aayan Addrels was order cf 

I^^X'^Oto be prepar'd, to defire his Majefty to regulate 

• Dec. 1 1, the Currency of Clipt Money, according to the fore- 

going Relblutions ; which Addrefs being drawn up 
and reported by Mr. Montague^ and afterwards by 

• Dec. fp. him prefented to the King, his Majefty cauied t hi$ 

Royal Proclamation to be ifliied out accordingly. 
'Tis to be noted, that tVie Lords had akeady addreit 
the King to the fime Efiedk, 

Some time before the G>mmons having confider- 
ed that the maintaining an Army abroad, occafi- 
oned the E:?portation of the Coin, which could 
not be prevented but by ftpplying the (aid Army 
^ with Nece (Tar ies out of this Kingdom, ordered on 

t^^''3-Addrc(s to be prelented to his Majefty, * Thatk 
Tfpould fleafe to procure ^ that all Commodities and Provi" 
Jionsj thatflsouldhe tranfported from England, for ths 
Vfe of the Fbrces in his Majefty^s Fay abroad^ might be 
' exempted from any Duty or Excife^ throughout /ArSpa- 
nifli and United Netherlands. To wmch the King 
anlwer'd, That what was defired by the Commons^ had 
^een donoy in a good Meafure^ for fevetal Tears j and 
, that he would fee what could be further done in it. 
w, : Jhe Commons having confidered the BUI for re^ 
gulating the Coinage of the Silver Money ^ which the 
Chancellor ofthe Exchequer had pVepar'd and pre- 
*Dec, i7.(entcd * to theHoufe, ordered t aClaufe of Loati 
t Dec. 23. to beinferted in it, in favour of (uch as would ad- 
vance Money, oviCxcd\toix\it Exchequer^ in gene- 
ral, transferr^ble to fuch Funds, as mould be ftt^ 
tied hy^ Parlianienr, towards making good the De- 
ficiencies of the rlipp'd Money; and Ufcowife order- 
ed the (ame Committee to take Care, that all Pcr- 
fons, who fliould bring in clipp'd Money, (above 
>yhat was for Taxes) (hould have a Recompence 
^ jv for the (ame. Thi^ Bill was amended accordingly, 

-^ ^ ^'^' and four P^ys after * paiS;, .^nd (em up to the Lords 
for their Concurrence. 

On the gift of December the CommQH$ lefolv'd 
to raift the i aooooo L. for fiipplying the Deficien- 
cy of the clipp'd Money by a Duty laid upon all 
Dwelling Hpqfes, except Cot;tag^j to wit, two ' 

^ — Shillings 

Wl L L I A M f/;^ ThirJ: l ly 

Shillings Yearly upon each Houfe; Four Shillings A. C 

Upon every Hbufe having ten Windows ; and Eight i (Jp^/ 

Shillings upon foch Houfes as have Twenty Win- k^^^ 

dows, over and above the (aid two Shillings ; which j1 Duty 

Duty was to be paid by the Inhabitants or the faid^*'^ «• 

Houfes, and to be continued for the (pace of Seven ^»^w 

Years, and no longer. '• ^^^fi 

The Days appointed by the King^s Proclamation, ^^'^V^^' 
for putting a flop to the currency of dipt Money J* ^^ 
were fb Hidden, that thereby an immediate ftop^^^,.^^ 
was put to Trade. This was partly occafion*d by of dipfd 
the back wardnejS of the People to receive any01dM#if;. 
Money, tho' allowed at prefent to pals, upon 2LXilnc9aveM$^ 
Apprehenfion that at laft it would be left upon their^«'w 9ec4i^ 
Hands ; partly from the flownefi of Recoining in/^*»'^*j' 
refpefi: of the People's wants, tho' otherwife dif'^^f^^'f^ 
patch'd with all the Expedition imaginable info 2^^'^^'/^^ 
great aA Affair; and partly by reafbn oftheunc- '-^ 
qual intrinlick Value between the tiew-miU'd Mo- 
ney, andthofe Pieces or Denominations of the Old 
which were allowed to be Current. ^ For while the 
hammer'd Money ,^ and Pieces not dipt within the 
Ring, were permitted to pafi for the prelent neceC 
fity of Trade, no Body was willing to make Pay- 
ments in new Money, which fo much exceeded tne 
old in its intrinficK Worth. And therefore the 
new Silver Money, as faft as ic ifliied from the 
Mints and Exchequer, was in a^ great Mcafiire 
ftopt in the Hands of the firfl Receivers ; for none 
were dilpos'd to make Payments in the new Silver 
Coin at the old Standard, when they could do ic 
in dipt Pieces ib much below It. And thole who 
had no Payments to make, kept their new Money 
as Medals and Rarities in their Chefts j and there 
is much Reafbn to believe, that, at firft, a great 
deal of the new Money, by the help or the^elt- 
ing-pot, went abroad in Ingots to. purchaleTUpld 
which, at this Junfture, was a very profitable Com- , 
modify in England. Thele Inconvenichcies being 
reprefented to the Commons, and every Gentleman 
ttiade fenfible. of the Mifchief, the Houfe' in a Grand 
Committee, confider'd the State of the Nation, and 

bow to prevent the ftop of Commerce during the 
, r » Recommg 



11* the Retgk of kitig 

A. C. Recomingibf the cllt>t Moneys. After (bme Debates 
1696. on federal Days, the Commons t re(blv*d, Firft, 

L*»''W-^ That' the ^comfence for fupf lying the Deficiencj pfclipt 
Jan. p. Money Jhould extend to all clip Money which was Sil- 
ver^ altho^ of a courfer Alloy than the Standard,. Se- 
condly^ That the CoSeBors and lUceivers of his Ma/e^ 
fties ,Aids andJ{evenueSj be enjoin d to receive all fuch 
Moneys, Thirdly) T^'^^ ^ Reward of Five Pounds pet 
Cent, be given to all fuch Perfons as Jhoutd bring in^ 
either milled or broad unclipt Money ^ to be applied in 
Exchange of the dipt Money throughout the KjngdomJ 
i ourtmy, That al(eward alfo of three Pence per Ounce 
be given to all Perfons who fhould bring in wrought 
Plate to the Mint to be recoined. Fifth, That for the 
fooner bringing in the dipt Money to be recoined^ any 
Perfons might pay in their whole next Tears Tape of 
four Shillings in the Pounds in the fnid dipt Mgney^ at 
one convenient time appointed for that purpofe ; Laft" 
ly. That CommiJJjoners be appointed in every County^ 
to pay and difiribute tbe milrd and broad unclipt Mo- 
ney^ and the new coind Money ^ and to receive the dipt 
Money : And at the lame time appointed a Cora- 
inittee to prepare and bring in a Bill upon the laid 
Relblutions. This Bill was accordingly prefented, 
and after a fecond Reading on the xiQ: en January ^ 
committed to a Committee of the whole Houfe. 
'The feme Day the Qpeftion was put^ that it be an 
Inftruftion to the feid Committee to confider the 
Price of Guineas, which paflfed in^ the Negative. 
The fitting of this Committee was interrupted for 
Ibme time, but however on the 4th of February, it 
.was rcfblved, That a further Encouragement be given 
for bringing in Plate to be coirid, and broad Mpn^, in 
order to be exchanged for clipd Money j And tnat a 
Claufe be inferted in the fiid Bill, to prevent the 
melting down and Exportation of Coin^ or any BuKon^ 
Two days after the laid Committee was empower- 
ed ^ to receive another Claufe, to prohibit the Vfe 

'of Plate inpuhlick, Houfes, which at laft proVe4 the 

beft Expedient to (u]^ply the Mints with Bullion ; 
there being at this time fcarce an^ puMicfe . Hotrf? 
in England that had not (everal Silver Tankard^^ 
imd pmcr Utenfils of the lame Metal^ "^hidi the 

r Ownert 

will! AM the thirl iif 

Owners chofe rather to carry to the Mint, an<i A. C 
turn Into ready Money, than to keep fo much ufe- i (jp<j. 
Ids and dead Silver at Hopie. V.XVV/ 

The Lords having mad? feveral Amendments to f jtn. 4^ 

tfd^ Bill for Bggulating the Coinage of the Silver M^ney 
of this Kingdom, mott of which after feveral Dcfaatea 
and Conferences between both Houfes were difi- 
greed t to by the Commons, Mr. Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, according to Order, prefented * to thct Tafl. hjl 
Houfe another Bill for remedying the ill State of the* Jvsu itf* 
Coin of this I^ngdom,- "whkh was receiv'd, and af- 
ter feme .Amendments had been made to it by a 
Committee of the whole Houle, ordered t to be in- 1 Jan, 17* 
groffed ; and then* lent up to the Lords for their 
Concnrrence. This Bijl. received the Royal ASent ^£is paji. 
on the ^Ift of Januarj^y^t which time his Majeftyjaa. ai., 
gave his San6yon to an AEifor enlarging the times to 
come in^ and purchafe certain Annuitijts^ &C. An AH 
for regulating Trials, in Cafes of Tre/ifon and Mijfri* 
fion rf Treafon ; An A^for preventing Charge and Ex* 
pence in Elections of Mernhers toferve in Parliament ; 
and tofcveral private Bills. Upon the i^thof F/--^'«'P*^ 
bruary the King returned to the Parliament, and'^* 
confirmed ah AH for granting to bis Majefiy an Aid 
ef Four Shillings in the P»und\ An AB to prevent falfi 
and double ^turns of Members to ferve in Parliamenp'^ 
An AH for the more eafie £^coverj of fmall Tithes ; 
and Seven private kOis, 

UponOccafion of a Petition, t prefentedto thefPeb.f^ 
Commons by divers Merchants and Traders, where- 
in they prayed that the DiflSculties and Lofles in 
•heir Trade and Payments, occafioned by the rife 
of Guineas,, might be taken into Confideration ; 
the Houfe firft of all order'd a Bill to be brought 
iq, for talking off the Obligation and Incouragemene ef^^^^^^f 
Coining Guineas^ for a certain time; And then pro-,^^^„ fj^g 
ceeded to th? lowering their Value, wherein they hmring 
met with fi>pie Oppoiition. The Realbns againft the value 
the finking the Price of Guineas were, lliat thcof Gu'tneat* 
People ^ere eafie, and plcafed with it ; that abun- 
da^ce of People would be lofecs, in whofe hand-i 
the (^uifiiea^ ihould be at laft found, which would 
raife; gfea; Diftjurbanca arid Claaiouc ia thQ Nation ; 



I z8 The Reign of King 

A. C. that therefore It ought to be confidcred, how far 
1606, ^t ^as fit to incente the commoa People in thif 
y^^^^^s^]unQMXt of AflFairs, who had already (iiffered io 
much by the War. 

Thofe who were for reducing the Price of Gui- 
neas argu'd, that there was as great Reafbn to bring 
down Guineas^ as there was to recoin the Silver 
Money at the old Standard ; .and here they reckon- 
ed up the Mifchiefs mentioned before on that Head : 
That however, the Parliament were obliged to 
manage by theneCeflity of Affairs, and tofiiBFcrfor 
a tin^e the Guineas to paft at that exceflive Rate, 
that, in fbme Mealiire, there might be a Currency 
of Money, while the Mints were employ'd in new 
Coining the Silver , Yet now they were obliged to 
fink the Price nearer the old Standard, that the 
Silver Money might not be ftopt and hoarded up 
as faft as iflued out from the Mints. And that 
whatever Lofles and Inconveniencies the People 
might (iiffer by the reducing of Guineas, yet the 
Mifchiefs that arole, and would daily increafe from 
not doing ic, did infinitely over-ballance thofe on 
TheVsIui ^^^ Other fide. Upon this |he Commons refblved 
cf Guineas to lower the Price of Guineas ;^ and that they might 
fmk. do it with the le^ Grievance and Difquiet to the 
People, they at firft * reduced them from Thirty 

* Feb. I S' ^^ Eight and Twenty Shillings ; afterwards t firom 
tFeb. 2S. Twenty Eight to Twenty Six; till atlaftaClaufe 

* Rb._^a(J. was * mferted in the Bill fir Encouraging trinpng 

Plate to the Mint^ whereby they were fettled at 
Two and Twenty Shillings, from which they na« 
turally funk to their former Price of One and 
Twenty Shillings and Six Pence. However, 'tis 
to be obferved, that tho' the Parliament lowered the 
Value of the Guineas, hoping by that means to 
bring out the new Money into Circulation, yet by 
the Artifice and Management of ibme^ Men, the 
People were made to believe, that the Price of Gold 
would be railed at the next Seffion ; upon which 
abundance of Men that had great Sums of Guineas, 
kept them clofe in their Chefts. By this means, 
tho' the Circulation of the new Money was a little 
promoted, yet that of Guineas, by which thcNa-^' 


VflLLlAU the n/r^. ix^ 

tion chiefly fiibGfted, was confiderably obftruSed ; A, C. 
the new Silver Money too, which the People were itfjiy, 
likewlfe induftrlauQy perfwaded to believe, would \,.,,,,-ysj 
be advaAc'd in Value when ihe Parliament fliould 
come next together, was, for that Reafon, in a 
great Mcaftre, hoarded up, to the great Damage - 
of Commerce. Another Evil arofe during the ' 
Recoining the Money ^ that is, a general Lots of Cre- 
dit, which Indeed mook the State. But this was 
cured by a feafonablc and wife Remedy, which 
the Parliament applied the next SeHIon j and on 
the other hand fiich Diligence wag ufid, not only in 
the Mint in the Tcwn-, but likewise in thofe whicK 
his Majefty cauled to be let up in Tor jI;, BriftelfExt- 
ter, and Cbefter, that at laft this crcat Undertaking 
of the Kghcft Difficulty, yet of ablotute Neceflity,- 
w^s happily accomplilh'd, to the Immortal Honour 
oF this Parliament in General, and in panicular- 
of Mr. Charlei * Montague^ who had the chief Ms-' 
nagement of this weighty and arduous Affair, tj Ti-r*'^^ 

We are now going to chter upon (bme Proceed- **"'"'''*• 
ings in Parliament, which gave no fball Uneaii-* 
fiefi to the King- Olj the 14th of Dfcemher thc^ 
Lords in a Conference, communicated to the Qom-Bu^nefi *f 
mons an Addrefi to his Majcfty, in Relation to an tht Scotch 
A& of Parliament made in Scotland^ for crafting aE^t-In- 
Company Trading to Africa, and the Eafi-Indift,^*^^'"^ 
to which Addreft the Commons gave their Concur-i""J'* 
rence i and moreover on the 17th, appoitited a 
Committee to exaniine what Methods were taken 
for obtaining the faid Aft of Parliament, paffcd in. 
Scotland ? Who were the Subfcribers to khat Compa-, 
ny ? And who were the Promoters and Advifirs of 
h? The feme Day both Houles attended the King 
with thcff Addrefe, wherein they rcprcjented to his7£( parli- 
MajeBy, ' That having taken into rhelrConfidcmwi*/ .rf./- 
' ration the Stateofthe Trade oftl " "' i, i^ey d-tfi aboM 

*"found that befides many other 1 ts and'*- ' 

• Difficulties it now lay under, ; Parlia-? 

• ment, that had lately receiv'd h Royal 

• Affcnt in his Kingdom oi Scotia ling a 
*' Company Trading to ^ifika, ai w, was 
'■ *^ ' ' - Kkt \\\U 

A. C 

the Rei^n^ of Kin^ 

like to bring n^any great prdudices and MsSiAtU 
to all bis Majcfty's Subje£rs, that were concern- 
ed in the Wealdi or Trade of this Nation. That 
the (aid K& did provide, 7%4t all Ships^ Merchan- 
di^l^ dni' other Effect whatfoever, belonging to that 
Cemfaiij, Jhwld be free from aU manner of E{^ftraints^ 
or Prohibitions^ and of all Cuftpms^ TaxeSy Seffes^ Sup- 
flies J or other Duties imfofed^ or to be impoJedbyA^ 
of Parliament^ Or otherwlfe^ for the f pace xi Tears: 
AndfarthcTy that the faid Company^ whofe Msmbers^ 
OffiterSy Servants^ or others belonging thereto^ /betdd 
he free both in their Perfons^ B0ates and Goods ent* 
ployed ip the faid Stocky aifd Trader front all man- 
tier oftaxeSyJSeJfeSy Supplies^ B^fccifeSy {gartering of 
Soldiers trdnfient or local, 'or l^evymg of Soldiers^ or 
ether ImPofiHons whatfoever during the ffdce of xi 
Tears. That by. Reafon of the great Advantages 

S anted to the Scotch-BaB^-htdia Company , am}, 
e Duties and Difficulties that lay upon that 
Trade in England^ a . great part of tie Stock and 
Shipping ofthis Nation would be carried thither ; 
and by this nieans Scotland micbt be made a firee 
Port for all Eajl-Indfa Q>riimoaitie8 ; imd confi- 
quently thofe fevcral Places in Europe^ which were 
mpplied (roxn Enzland, would be lurniili'd from 
Scotland, much Cheaper than could be done by 
the 'EngUJh, and therefore tljits Nation would loie 
the Benefit o£' ftpplying Foreign Parts witlx thofe 
Commodities, which had always been a great M^ 
tide in the Ballance of their Foreign Trade, More* 
over, that the (aid Commodities would ucuivoiid- 
ably be brought by the Scotch into England^ \>J 
Stealth, both b^ Sea and Land, to the v^ Pie-r 
judice of the Bnglifh Trade ^nd Navigation, an4 
to the great Detriment o!f , his MajeOy in his Cu- 
ftoms. . Atid tthat when that' Nation ihould have 
Settled them(elves in Plantations in America^ the 
Engl^ Commerce in Tobacco, Sugar, Cottohi 
W^l, Skins, Mafts, (gc. would be utterly lo^, 
be«aufi the Privileges of that Nation, cranted to 
them by this A61, were fuch. That tmt King* 
dom muft be tlie Magazine for all CommoditifSi' 
Md the lf>g/j?fePUq^ffln8| mi the Traffidk there. 


I I • 

WILLIAM /iu? nW. 131 

fhA » lihis Kati9Q, aod die Exportation of thetr A. C 

* m^ WanufcAiires yearly decreafed. That dc* i<5pc, 

^ Gd9s drfe» and many oeher Obftru(3i0n3 that Vg^^TNl 
^ thifl A4iivould ufumndably bring to the fieoerd 

* Trade of this Nation, aaotherClaufe Inthefaia 
^A&9 whereby Aw Mafefij framifed to interppfe his 
^ 4m^wi^ ^0 have ^gftUi^ion^ fiffoyatkn and S^tis*^ ^ 
^JkSim fnadf^ f$r my Damage that might be d$ne ^ 

^ ai^^m^ the Shifj, Goodj^ M€rcJ)a»£^e^ Perfim or 
•* other SjfeSt t^ha^oever belonging to the faid Comf4' 
^ tpr, and that upon the pubiieK. Ojarg^;^ did feeo;i io 

* eopge bi8 Majefty to employ the Shipping and. 
\SotQftff:h at S^ <x this Nation, to iupport t)us 

* Neifr Cbau^any, ito the great Detriment even of 

^ tfaia Kingdom. To this Addrefi the King imdc^.^ ^.^ 
Anfwjer, That he had been iSferved in Scotland^ but he a^ ^ 
tripped feme ifpnedies might be found to frewnt thebt^fi^ 
eonveniendes xehiish might arife from this ASi^ 

11ns Bufineis did not ^op here : For the Con- 
mitfise appointed by thi^ Cornxoow to examine by 
what Methods the &id h,St was obtained, hating 
made their Report, and delivered a Copy of an 
Oath deFideii^ taken by the Dirf dors of the Scoteb 
Eaft'^lndia Company, and ot the Journal of die Pro* 
ceedings of the (aid Diredors; and tbeiaid RepotKr, 
Qachy aod Journal being examined ; as alio the Pe- 
tition pre&nced to the Houie by the BngUJh Bf/i- 
India Company, it was reiblv'd, T|[iac the Dire* *Jai! &^ 
dors of tli^ Company^ of Scotland^ Trading to ^riea 
and the Indies^ adminiftring and taluQg. here in this 
Kingdom, an Oath de Fidetiy and under colour of 
a Scetcb AQ: of Parliament, Ailing themiclves a 
Company, and aAing asiiicb, and r^iing Moneys 
in this Kingdom, for carrying on the (aid Compa-* 
ny, were Guilty of a high Crime and Mildemea- 
nor ; and that the Lord BHlhaven^ William Patkr* 
fmj Daidd Naiene^ James Smithy James Cheifljf ^/^ 
tiam She f her d^ Upbert Mlaakpoody James Balfour, fames 
Fiwlis^ Thomas Couits^ Abraham TVihmry Daniel Fan 
M/dfTt, Upbert fVHUamfim. Anthony Merrjfy Paul Dpc- 
stumfu^, Robert Douglas, Thomas Sktumr^ Ht^h FKai^ 
{•r, Jsmds BaeemaUy Wdter Stimart^ and J(/^b Co* 
ken tfAsfmedo Jbe impeached c^ the (aid hi^ Crimes 

Kkka. * ^ and ^ 

131 . , , The KeigH 0f King 

A. C. atid Miflcpeanors. Whilft a Committee wb 

itJyjr. drawing up the Impeachments, BsdcrickMackfin:^^^ 

^^y4^ endeavoured toftpprefi the Evidence he tad giveii 

againft the laid Perfbns, for which he was ordered 

to be taken into Cuftody ; but he made his efeape, 

nor could he be apprehended, altho' the King, at 

tE^. 1 3* the Requeft of the Commons had ifliied f out a 

'Proclamation for that pur pole. However, the worft 

of this Affair was that the Commons having ieve* 

ral times in a grand Committee conlider'd the 

' State of the Nation, in Relation to Trade, and re- 

A Cornell folvM, Firfiy * ITiat a Council of Trade be cftablift- 

9f T^mU *edby Aft ofParliament, with Powers for the more 

n)9tid. *effeaual Prefervation of the Trade of this King- 

* dom. Secondly^ That the Commiffioners conftitu- 

* ting the laid Council be nominated by Parlia- 

* ment. Tbirdlu That none of the Commifiioners be 

* of this Houle. Fourthly^ That the laid Conamit 

* fioners (hould take an Oath^ acknowledging that 

* King ff^Siam was Rightful and Lavtfiil KJ^g of this 
' Realm ; and that the late King James had no Flight 

'*or Hitle thereunto; and that no other PcrSm has 
' * any Right or Title to the Grown, otherwile than 
* * according to the Aft of Settlement made in the 
' • Fuft Year of hisMajefty's Reign, (3c. Andthele,and 
Ten more Relblutions relating to the faid Council, 
TJ«n. 13. being reported * to the Houle, the Firft and Se- 
cond, with lome others^ were indeed approv'd, but 
fevcral others, and elpecially the Fourth, whereby 
King pyiBiam 'w«^ to be acknowledged Hightfid and 
Lawful K}ng^ and which occafioned a warm Debate, 
were rejefted by the Houfe. And a Bill was order- 
ed to be brought in upon the Relblutions agreed 
Offofiijm Another Afiair was, about this time, brought be- 
fftade t9 fore the Houle of Commons, which toiacn'd the 
the Esrl of King in a very fenfible Part. The Earl oi PortUnd 
PbftlandVbegg'd of his Majefty the Lordfliips of Denbeigb^ 
vt?i '" B^omfield and Tale/in the County of Denbei^h^ which 
yy V^j! his Majefty readily granted^ not only to him, but ix> 
"UrLoi' *^'* Heirs For ever. The Warrant coming to the 
th^Tnim Lords of the Treafiiry, who were the Lord GoA/- 
^! f¥?f Sir ftefhm Bw^ Sir mUim Trmtall, and 

WILLIAM thethird. 133^ 

^ohn Smhh^ Efq; the Gentlemen of rhe County, upon A, C; 

one or two days Notice, were ♦ Heard againft the *i 59/; 

Grant before their Lordfliips. Sir H^$UUm fVillims V>-/S-; 

alledged, * That thcfe Lordfliips were the ancient* May i« 

' Demefhes of the Prince of fValcs\ that the Welch ^^S^ 
were never Sub]e£fc to anv but to God, and the 
King ; and that none fliew d their AUeeiaoce more 
than the Welch. That on the Statute |or granting 
of Fee* Farm Rents, there was a particular excep« 
rion of the fVelch Rents, which imported, that the 
Parliament took the Welch Revenues pot to be a« > 

lienable ; yet, upon Creation of a Prince of PfUlesi 
that there were Mizes of 800 /. payable out of thofe 
LorQiips to the Prince of Wales ; and tho' there 
were none now,yetBe hoped and doubted not but to 
fee one of the prefent Ring's own Boidy* Sir /{a- 
ger Puleftm alledg'd, That the Revenues of thdb 
Lordflups did iiipport the Government; of Walesg 
by playing the fudges^ and others their Sallaries : 
and if given away, there would be a Failure of 

iuftice. And Mr. Price^ a Gentleman of gre^t 
^arts, urg'd. That the Grant that was making was 
of a large Extent, being five Parts of fix ot one 
County, which was.too£rf4^ 4 Pov»erht any Fpw 
^eign SubjeH to have, andthe People oi the Coumry 
too great to be SubjeH to him. That there were Fir* 
ty mean Lordfhips heU under thole Mannors; a- 
bove I roo Freeholders ; Waftes and .Commons of 
many Thou&nd of Acres ; Mines of Lead and 
Copper of great Value j and that the prefent Rents 
amounted to ifoo'l. per Annum, befides othergreat 
Advantages, a mighty Favourice and agreat Cour- > 
tier mightmake out of this Country. 'Hiat Courts 
^ were kept in all tbefe Lordfliips in the Bang's 
f Name; That all, or moft of tne Gentlemen of 

* that Country were Tenants to the King, and Sui- * 

* tors to his Court, and thereby obliged ?o the King 
^.b^. a double Allegiance, that is, as Subjects and- 
^Tenants; and if the King gave away, one, it was 

*i to be feared it would leflen the Bounds. of the o- ^ 

* ther, fince it is obiervable,. That Intetefl and Proper* 
I tjt haw an Afeendant wer Duty. That thoft Maq^ 

.^aors were fftrmcriy I^ofdfliips Mar^ei; That * 

* ' ' Kkk 3 wheii 

A. C 

the RHgit if K'lilg 

#tiefl Vtntutm tbe Coaqiintr lufal brought iir% 
uadcsr St^JeSiofli, buc couUt iK)t fubdue th9 WAri 
Country; hegairetohi»lSl0nf9jn>I^rdfribfllesieifib- 
Biotirtng LaB(£ in* ff^^j, and fbrnifli'd lii^n with 
Men and Armi : and whst Ground cfa^ eoidd* get 
m>m iScitW9lch Djr lnfiirre£lion ofCooquffft ;^die^ 
Hmrntn hcftdk were to hold ae LordflitrnManches; 
which were made Burroughs or Palaidotfes; Hud 
what Aev gw or uforp'd by their PoWer^ they 
maintained w Scfirerity or OppneiSoo. Thatmw 
der theie Vaflalajges tbt Britms continued unttLtfae 
*7th Year of Hemy VIU% Retgo^ when the Sta^ 
tute of Xtoi^ v^ madey and they efteemed it tHeit 
Happinefi'to be under the Bnglijh l^si and Go- 
Ternment ; none having more eqiinefiriy fiflnat 
li^^d their Conftant Lo^^ty to then- Rightnil I&ig 
thati thefnffelve) ; But if his Majsfty (hotdduhial 
fit to difiinite them by this Grants ami put them 
under a Foreign Subjed, it was putting, them i(^ 
a wbrfe Pofture than their former E^e^ ntpheil 
tinder tVitUm the Conqueror and h\ti^iirman Lord^. 
That the Britms Were dways Meri of Gouragp sttd 
Sincerim and yet rf Hefilntment ; thpt dro* 
Benty IV: and Henfy V. were Mitfrial Prmces; 
and had a hatred againft the tititimSy, becaufethey 
perferered in their Duty to Sdvfard tlie H. who 
was their I{igbtfnt thiA^gh mftftt^fw^ Kin^y an4 
made mod reproach^l Laws againft theai> ; yecit 
'was wofth remark, tbac thofe Hit^gs had nevef 
peaceable or happy Days till they had recxmoil''4 
themieiVes tO' tbofe great PapjEile. Thafe this is ac 
RevretYiiie that belongs to die Prince of (Mtor ^ aikl^iif 
CaiBofWitotof^iuch, it-relhi^theCiv^wkiritfacrst 
lK^u£hire thali al Property; tiil a Princr be- crea^ 
iSed^ to wlioft CrdAion the Ke^enue is amieMct 
l^thefif, tho' imufiKtl Words iir cfar I;aw; toi Mmt 
oHi hii mts r^^JhM h ih$- Jfiii^ 0/£ngIaii4 h/ 
ihrSi^tdte of the aift ?4^, C4jr. 2A. T&t indltf 
tumble of cha^Statdte, it WQU ddubted. v^mlief 
ei»^/(^/ Prince c^^TM^fi ^l^A^t?Chtmfalt&yaU 
Ofant ]>a(^ of ihe^ jQbu^y hoiiii fo» ti&M (|vri9«i 
oy any Img^r thsaf fefi^ 0W|9^ Life; tfai?« die* Sea* 

^ acll4^ 1^ l»%# ibf l*lii^fw? 'ma^S] 


WILLIAM thithirl . 13^ 

* Form of Limitation, differing trom the orflin^ry C C. 
*' Ruk of Inheritante of ttie Common-Law, and 1^95. 
^ therefore it was neccffary to have confim^ in • ^^ 

* Parliament the life that was made of that Statute 

* in this Cafe. That if the Prince of Wi/f/ aod 
f Duke oiComxQAlly who had aa Inheritance in their 

* Revenues, could not grant locates without Parlta* 

* ment, for any longer time than their ownLives^ 
^ how then could hi§ prefent Majefty, v^ko was dwt 
^ Kfng by Modern ContraR^ zni Had mit an Eftate 

* for Life InPofleffionin the Crown ty the Ad of 

* Settlement, Grant away the Inheritance aiul ab^ 

* Iblute Fee of the Principality of mdei? That if 

* the Aid of Parliament was neccii^ry to help in ^ne 

* Cale, it was more neceflary in the other. That 
f it was well known in former Rel^s thqre ha(i b^ 

* frequent AHs if l^efumpthn^ yim^ 

* when the People groaned under the Weight of 

* heavy Taxes, and the Natiian in War: Tbalt if 

* that was a B^eafon fpr the Legiflauye Power i to 

* pals a Bill of Resumption, it was ftili a$ goo4 la 
^ Reaibn for his Majefty not to^grant, fince £e Na- 
^tion was both in War^ and under th^ b^vidl 

* Prcflure of Taxes, Hiftory bears 'I'cftimdny o£ 
t^et it be confidered^ added he, can ip ffcfyr his A^>« 
fty'^s Honour or Inter eft. (when the PeofU bearjhh aifd 
underftand it^ that be daily gives^ awaDf^ the ^ft^nuet^ 
and more ^ the Perpetuity, of his flrown ^veymds tp Ms 
Foreign SubjeSs? Good Kjngs af^er a long 4ni chaygBm 
able War wre accuftmed to tei th^ir Peoflcjhat.thty 
forrdwed for the hard/hips^ the Nation ttndermenl^ fy. 
long Wur^ and heavy Taxes, and that nolo thty woutd 
live on their own : 6ut it is to be /^^fV,; if Grmu as'e 
madh fo Urge aridfo fyequent^ there will be m^bft^. ^ 

the fjng fir his Succeffors. to coil his otm to Liyet 
It is to he hoped, &dMr. Price in the Cooicll^nf, 
jfQur Lordjkips will, cpnfiier that we hj^d. but one. dayi 
yiotice tf this Attend^et,' and mufi com tberefbreve^ 
h^tJM^ unprpvidM'y tut yet we 4o^bt not tbefi AiHti 
fm broken TJjot^ts wjt haioe offered toyour ijnr^ifs^ 
you will by Jfw'^j^''?*^ Judgments imprSpe^ wherm the 
ilf^ovfe^Mes^this Granfvuiy truly be tejvs^tnieA 
if his ^j^. ITbe tiord Qodolpbin having ask'd 

1^6 The R^ign^fKing 

A. C. by way of Obje£Mon, Whether the Earl •/ I^qeftcf 

x69f,, had tbofe Lordjhifs in Grant to hirn^ in Queen Eliza- 

^,/VV^b?th's time? Sir i^obert Cotton anfwer'd, * He be- 

* lievcd he could give the bcft Account in that 

* Cafe ; That the Earl of Leicefier bad but one of 
•• thofe Ijordfhips, and that was Denkeigh ; that he 

• • was (b oppreflivc to the Gentry, of the Country, ' 

* that he occafioned them to take up Arms, and to 

* oppofe bim ; for which, three or four ot his ('Sir 

* Kobert Cotton^s) Relations, were hang*d ; but that 

* it ended not there, for the Quarrel was kept ftUl 

* on Foot, and the Earl glad to be in Peace, and to 

* Grant it back to the C^ieen, fince which time it 

* had ever been in the Crown/ Whereupon the Lord 
^Godolfhin laid. They had offered many xpeigbty ^ea* 
^fons, xohicb th^y fhould refrefent to his M*j^y, From 

^'^ «^*r'^the Treafiiry, the Gentlemen of Wales attended the ' 
J*^™£'' Grant to the Privy Seal, where their Reafons and 
Ju^S .Complaints againft it were heard and received with 
fhefJid all Candor and Goodnefe; yet notwithftanding all 
Grant. this, the faid Grant being only fuperfeded, but hot 
Jan. 14. -recalled, Sir Thomas Grofvener^ Sir i(tchard Mlddleton^ 
16^6. Sir "John Conway^ Sir Upbert Cotton^ Sir William Wil- 
Hams J Sir Upger Pulejlon^ Edward Vaughan^ Edward 
Sreretony and Upbert Price ^ E(q; addreft themfelvcs 
by Petition to the Commons. Upon this Occafion, 
Mr Price^ a Member of that Houfe, inade a memo- 
rable Speech, wherein, befides what he had already 
ofierM before the Lords erf" the Treafiiry and the 
^y pyj^^t^ Lord Privy Seal^ he fiid, ' That this Petition, 
sketch in ' ^ho* fiiblcribed bjr a few Hands, yet had the 
tkeHoufeof^ Approbation of Thoufinds , who were not in- 
Comm$ns, * fliicnced by their own Intereft , but afted fair 

* the Honour of the Crown and the Wel&re of thfe 
^ Briti/k Nation. That if he could conceive that the 
,♦ Glory and Grandeur of England was or could hp 
f held by a poorLandlefi Crown,: and a miferable 
^ fteceiStous People, he could then be eafily per- 

* fwaded to believe, that his Majefty was well advi- 

* fed to grant>away all the Revenues of the Crown, 
^.atid that his Government thereby would bc well 

* fecuredj. and hisPeople heft prottd(?d; when thejr 
f M Ji^ue or nothing |efr j) Ekit ht yr^ fy^^^^^ 

— — ---1 

WILLIAM the thirl i^f 

^ were not Bmlijh^ but EireijriiPofitictafis who might A. C 
^ revere the lung but bate u& That dieKingi of. x6^. 

* Ef^lmd always reigned h^% when Acy had the ^ ^^ ' 
^ Awflions of their SubieSs, and oi that they were 
^ (ecure when the People were fenfible d^e Kill 
^ was eotirelv in their Intereft, and lov'd the Bii^U] 

* Stctij as well as the Fcapl&^s Mofuy : That when the 
^ Kings had a Landed uitereft, coupled with their 
^ Power, then it was moft; Stable and Durable; as 

* was maiUfeft by the ancient Demelhe Lands, and 

* odber the large and Ro;f al Revenues ; the maily 

* and great Tenures whidi the People then held 

* their Eftates under; which created (iichmindif* 
fblvable Union and Dcpendance, that they Siip- 


ported each other ; That it is oblervable, that 

(b the Feticioners» with a Dutiful Dderence tt» 
his Majefty, did reprefent to them ( the great 
Council 01 the Nation) this theirs and the Beoples 
Caies, for Redreis and Remedy, according to 
dieir Wiidom. That the Petitioners being cauud* 
ly inform'di the lad: Summer,, that a Grant to the 

and found not only the three L,Qrd(hips> but alfe 
^ near 3000 /. per Ann. of the Petitioners!, and their 
^ Country-mens ancient Inherirances exprefly grant- 
^ edy (b that if all that was comprized in tbe G^nmt 

* had pais'd, it had been a yery Noble Royal Gift, 

* worth at lead 1 00000 /. Nor was the Grant made 
^ for any(hort time,beingtobimandhisHeirsfor eyer. 
« And yet not much fortheAdyantage of the Crown, 
« haying only a Reieryation o( 6 4, and 8 d. a year 
^ to the Rmg and his Succeifors. Tbzi thefe KwBt% 
^ were laid before the I^rds. of the Trea£iry by 

the Petitioners, who cojuld not % but that they 
* Were well heard, w;eU underftood, and he b^ed 
^ well repreiented, ofAy With this RemarL Ihat 
I ^Docgue^S^'^by t^Lordioi theTreafuiy 

Ibr di6 Grant, wak dateJ Acf carrid* t6 Aie PHvjr 
Setl, 2 MontB befer^ tht L6rds of the Tr^a&ry 
hHid a||p6imed the Petitioners to be heafd at the 
Treaiory, agaihft the Grant. * That the neaSt Stage 
Aejr had >ra:i to attent! the Noble Grant from 
At Trcafiiry to the Prftry Seal, where he muft 
eonfefs, their Reafen^atid Complaints were hearj 
with a xreat deal of Catldour and Goodnefi by 
that! noble Lord who had the Cuftody of the Sea^ 
and^ w4i6, hefincdrel]^ b^liev^d, had timely repre- 
InacA the whole Affair : And that was the ReaCcm 
sk prtlenttfatt ch&' Gratit halted,; he (pppos'd, till 
tfae'Pariiafaibnt fofe, aHd' then he dotibted not but 
it! would fitid Legs to tal^e its journey. 
^ Hiatdiis Royal Dominion has been attack'dby 
great arid powerful Favourites ; but widi little 
&ccefi^ for in th^ 4th year of Qiieen Elh{Jkt%^ 
iboieparr of thte Revenue was granted to (bme of 
ha Crc&bi«f^ biit attended with io ihanv Law- 
fbax%i and general' Difturbatices, thaV the Csieen in- 
terposed, and the Fi^e-boldenr gaVe krgeCompo- 
fitibn^ibr their Peace : and the Qiidenby her Cha-. 
tfer confiAn'd their Eftatcs. Thafrinthe 4th year 
of King jAihBil. thefS Lordfhip^ werie (ettlefd on 
F^iiice Cb^rhs and h!^ Heirs, Kings of Bnglaitd^ 
but his Servants were, f ai moft Courticrt are; wil- 
ling to make uftof the opportaiiitV,' atid bad gpt 
Ibme Grants of part of thd Revenues; and proved 
lb vcntatiotis attd trptrblefbine to the^ Country, that 
the Frbefaolders eaine tb another CompoQHon, and 

Sire 10006 /. for thdi^ Pea^ ; and o^d another 
litfter* of Confif miiti6h of their RiArs, and fo/ 
the fcttHiJg of their Eftates^, Tetiuffc atfd Cdnj. 
moni, which were cobflrm'd by P^iteieht, iif the 
5d: vear of the Rfeigh of Kin/cJJKkr/r^K Th& in 
the laftRelgnj however Galunihiatidl thrfrewere 
mifHr afid great Applitatiohs ' madeP wt QtiM of 
ftm^ Nf ^tfors and PaHk of thefifL(j)-d!Ut>^ wliich 
wereilw^s r^«aM « ^cJo^p'i^effuI a^TrSFBr^i 
-^Bbj^ ; And ifaTart\n/ei« », iffM ffiould'th^ 
(Srant of tte u^bfe be ?. Tbrf HiPffiiJn^d.Rp- 
<jortfs^tdlui, that tti^-Ofefit rfthiR Edifflfcipsi 
J ^V^ been very fatal, wher to ^limi pr P4f'enfee^ 


WILLIAM the Thirl 139 

f ^ht «ie ettk^ tofiog bis Crows, die Hdler hBi A^ Ga 
^ £dtead ; It wat therefore dangeiout aiddUag with i(Ssii|« 
J[ fiich O^nous Bouatie*; C^VSil 

* That there is a ^at DdQrKesupQA tke Freehold^ 
^ et^ ol tbe(e Lorafliips upoo the. Greatbd of a 
^ Fnticeof ^4/fi) Tkciy pay the Prkite 8oor /. for 
^ Mi^ates^ whkiiisjIaGbaDUcyy SemoeorTemird; 
^ that is lioi 1^ bft fe^Fpped ho^ 
^ aKid ho^ this Tenuis GouId be m^e f^Btonciteable 
^ t6 this noUe Lord's Graae^ weniM kf i grear diBi* ^ 
* cidcy r Thiat if they are ^ pay Aefe MiMs t6 
^ this nehle Lord upon thisGrant!, ^ibs& he was <f«fl^ 
^ lified as a Prince oifV/rieij for the Duty ws0i^ nc^e^ 
> paid 10 any other. But ifit wa< to b<f paid Mf thd 
^ r lince of WAi>, aiid likewife co this noble Lord^ 
^ then they are doubly charged : butif it wall to bo 
^ ip2aA to the Princd ctWalts^ wlam he hab no Ro/** 

* alc^.^ in tblt Dominiofi^ and not ikr be piud t6 
f tfaffs* floUd Lofdy ^who by thi^Grataff wiavtakivo 

^ the whole Lord&ip) it created a^ Re^gnaney lA 

* the Tcnurd of their Eftatesi ■ f . \ 
^ Bfsstl fitppofty added be, this Gfant^of thePriil*^ ^ 

* dpalHQr is>a fimfoiuier df die Hoisout too*; And 
^ tbea I undl fitncy we a^e riettiming to'oiri' OiSginiA 
^ Cofllcraift. Fory as Story telbtM^tihar^e were fir ft 
^ bro»bt CO entertain a Prinee of fMiM,. by r^coni. 
^. momkig him, to us* as ooediaf didnot underfllsind 
^ die £w/f|^ Tongne ; and onr Pore-fatkerk diencfe 

* inferred, that be nnift be oor CoansrVmasiyv and n6 

* Jpx>rdignef , and onr that undcHtodd t he MfiHifh 
^ hmigjMH ; Ho\r we were deediv'd beieth ispal|Ki^ 
^ bhr : I fqplMe this Lord doth not uAderilad out 
^ Langtiogey tAt is k to be (iippoled that he Will 
^ conle^ainking uk torl^anrity mr Abll wef be fenci 
f of tntitrim^his. Burfinee^*addedh(!rvlhav^nktnd- 
\ ed yoi» oFour WtifhOtiimA Contraft^ whidi isfof 

* fi^ iM^^Mdhigy I woDM not baveyon' ferg^ a& 
^ ilbfhi»<}0Htrttft diadenlGit abo^ 7 or 8> y^ 

^ wtteh )r tHe Fonnditfon* of otir preltot Govenf* 

* ttent^ \ itteta^ dsie Bi^ of Rigkn^tM Uberde^ 
f and ' i{»dbig tko^ ^oofii^A of the Grown, wbicQ 
^ ^ IbisiKlb fdrjgpp in DMxMsrft abd Prai^or, t&at 

The -Reign of Kin^ 

^ the laft P^rliattient, and I find it is as much fbrgoe 
' in the Adminiftration ; I would ' gladly know front 

* thpfe that are better vers'd in Prerogative Lekminz 

• than my feif, whether his Majefty can by the BiU 

* of Rightsy fwichout the Confent of Parliament^ all 1 
^ enate or give away the Inheritance or abiblute Fee 
^ ot the Grown Lands ? If he can, I would likewil^ 

* know to what pur]^(e was the Crown fettled for 

• Life, with a Remainder in SuccdCon ; If theTe- 

* nam for Life of the Crown, ^n pive away the Re- 
•venue c^ the Crown, which is incident to the 

• Crown ? Or can the King have a larger Eftate in 

• the Revenues, than he has in the Crown to which 

flbould know our Laws, who is a Stranger to us» 
f and we.tohim/ anymore than we know his Goun- 

* iels) which I wi(h we did ; I mean thofe new im- 

* n^ediate JiVdvifersand Minifters, thro' whofe hands 

* this Grant did pais, bjr* advifingthe King to Grant 
I what' by Law ne could not. Thele Minifters are 

* guilty of the htgheft violation oi the Laws 

* and Liberties of Bfigland, and ftrikcat the verv 

* Foundation of the Succeffion, and tear up the Bill 

* of the Roots, It was their Province and 

* Duty to have acquabted the King of his Power 

* and Intereft, . That the ancient Revenue of the 
^ Crown is'&cred ' and unalienable In time of 

* War, and the People's Neceffitics. Bjr the old 

* Law it is part of the Coronation Oath ofthe Kings 
^ of EnfiUmdy not to alien the ancient Patrimony of 

* the Crown, without confent of PMrliaipeta^ But 

* as to tho(e Oaths of Office ; incA Ktnm kave Court 

* Cafiiiftsenough about them,to inform them that they 

* have a Prerogative to di^enfe with thole Oaths: 
^ e^ecially when their Intereft, (zs it generally docs) 

* goes along with their CouhctL It has been the 

* peculiar Car^ of Parliaments jn^U Ages, tokieep 

* an ev^ BaUance bpcwixt Ksfig and Beojpkri; and 
^ therefore when the* Crown w^s too itt)et4l in its 
^ Boufitif$, the Parliaments .ufiially re&ifpH thole' 
I Grantc^wbich was vetjT firequontiEoir from theRf ignf 

! of 



WILLIAM theThtrd. 141 

^ oEi^nr) III. of EngidTfdj to Ac 6th of Henry VIII.' A. 'Cf 
^ there wais otie or more Bills of Refumptlon of all .t69fi 

* (hat was Granted from the Prince of Pf^ales. iii all 
^ that Principallicy ; yet thofe A6ks were not look'd 
^ upon by thofe Kings (of whom (bme of dien 
' were both Good and Great) as any leflening or 
^ dtmunition of their Prerogatives; it being coafi- 
^ dered, chat Kings have their Failings ai well as 
^ other Men, being cloath'd with frail Nature^ and 

* apt to yield to the Importunities of their Favourites 

* and Flatterers; Therefore it becomes neceflar/, 

* thsLt riie great Council of the Nation fliould inter- 

* pole for the Intereft of the King and People. The 

* Commons of England always entertain'd an honoii* 

* rable Jealoufie of their Prince, when they per- 
^ ceived th^ Expences at home and abroad ; their 
^ Gifts and Boons to their Favourites, to be too lar^e 
' or exorbitant : and have therefore by their Pedu- 
^ bns and dutiful Applications to the Grown, ad vifed 

* theKit^s of England to retrench their, Expenceis 

* and not to alien and give away the Revenues of 

* the Crown, left they fhould become burthenibme 
^ to the People, and chargeable to the Coounoa-^ 

* wealth ; and chat they would live upon their own 

* Revenue. Thefewere their juft and equal ways 
^ in elder Times, to repair the languiihing ftate o£ 
.^ the Crown. And as we are an Ifland, and fiibjedl 
^ to Invafion, lb the Parliameat of England were 
^ very watchful, that other Countries (hould not our- 
^ do them in Trade or Naval Strength ; That Fa- 

* reigners fliould have no more Footing, or Strength^ 
^ or Settlement in England, than was conducing to 

* carry on the Trade and Commerce of the Nation i 

* and whenever Princes entertain'd Foreigners as 

* their Council^ or cluef Advifers, the People of 
•* England were reftleft and uneafie, until they were 

^ remov'd out of the King's Council, nay, out of 
-^ the Kingdom ; and Inftaoces are many in Hiftory 
.* and Parliament-RoUs, that great Men «iid Favou- 
-• rites, being Foreigners, wereBanifli'd the Land, 

* forprocurina tothemftlvcs fo large a ProportJon 

* otihe Royal Revenue, clpeoially m times.of War 
t aiid the People's Neceflicies* As for inftance, ifi 
.,.r I King 


.751^ Reigfi of King 

King Stefhm-s timt^ wbo iifinp'd the Gmra <^ 
Bnfflmd^ firom M<»i4/ the Mmfref^^ aod her Son 
King fi^o^ IL fKSiam 4^ Jinref f^ NefAtrUxideK, wM 
brought cxiret with grieai: Numbers of fait CouMry-- 
mm; Tovhiai PKOdamdelpres^ cbs Kingi(ir/4(- 
00) jprre an Earldom, and made him Co gacait a 
Conndfint, diat he was in aU his Counfiif, aodob* 
taiaea Urge Grants, not oniy for bim&lf biir for 
all \it Counftrymen ; the Neiberlattders^ called Aan 
tlimings^ who (varm'd fo duck about the Kiag's 
Court, that En^Hjhmm were icarce known or re- 

grded ; At whidb the People were (b ei^a^raced; 
at dsqr importuned Kins He nt; U. when he ob- 
tained the Ktght of the Crown, to feize on dl 
whicb King St^hm had granted to fats Foretjgn 
Favotmtes and AcoQmplices, and id banifli him 
and his Friepdi, the NeibnUndars^ from hi3 Court 
and Kingdom. The like Comidaiot was made by 
ijbe Feeble to Ring Sdcburi L for his Removing 
and Baoifliinfl O$ho Dulce^ of Siu^^ bis own Ne- 
[^ew and Stffer's ^, being a Foreigner ^ Births 
a^ aU his Qmnan Friends. The bme Addrefi 
was made bv the People to banifh his half Bro- 
the» being Fomigncrs, afid all their Friends ; As 
likewifc to Bdmmfd l\. to do (b with the Gaoefims^ 
andaU.his64/!vipisr/; and did not JB^iinf III. da 
l$ie feme with alibis MoheuMm Friends ? Henry IV; 
and other following Princes took the fame Method 
moo the humble and hearty Addrefi of the Peo- 
ple, fbmetimes in Parliament, and fbmetimes out ; 
wa in thefe Cafis the Kingy feized and took to 
tbemfilves all the Revtouei of the Crown, that 
they iaiad given them, and always (ent thofe Fo- 
vttgners to their own Countries; for tbefe Realons 
given in many of thde Inftaaces, wUdt thePtopte 
of $m^and disliked and opposed them, feariM both 
their Power and Oounfel, and that duty wowd be- 
come a heavy BurtheD to die State; and that En- 
fiand was able tolbfter none but her ownOh|[dren. 
^ luMiflncedsGonfefithatmyTlKHiS^aiotroU- 
Ued with ffarange Apprdi^nfions of our drolorabfe 
Sta&e. We are in a Confederacy in Vnu% and 
fbme of thoft ConMeraM^oio Ernies lAlVd 


WILJLIAM theTbitd. 141 

^ rho^plamed acqongft uf ; Scm(3<7f dcieKmg^iGoiifl- O hi 

* cli^Somem tlieArdpiy, ^o^^tJitecomp^ r4Mi 

* have ppiSefs'd them(elves of the Oucsldm of this V^ V ^ 

* great City v We ^nd ior^tt or q^herof tHcm Na* 

* totalized, and others mad^ Oenisievs ; Evety Par«> 

* liameiQC we fiqd Eadeav^Qur for a geoml NaQirdiRx 

* lation, and chat warmly (ollictted £x>m Coiirc ( 

* We fee our gqqd G>ixi all gone, and our Goo^- 

* derates <y^Iy CoioiM b?ift Mouey (^Dmch Al- 

* ley tor us. We fee molt Places of Pow:er and 9m^ 

* 6t ^ycaxo Foreigp£T$. We iee our Gonfedetaf es 
' in Coi)juQ£iiipn wkh the Scpicb, to ruib our Bn* 

* glijh Tra4^. We (ee tiv? Bev.enucs ok die Cro^n 
' daily giveq aw^y t9 one or other, who maices Sale 

* ot themu and cranfoic t;U^ ERates eUeurhere j Wef 

* do hq^ fiqd any o| them wy Lands or fiftatcs a-' 

* mangfik m$; ^ut what they can fiec from us/ they 
^ iecure intheurown G>iintry. Uav cahwehopef 
^ &r h^ppy d^ys io Bpg/and^ Vfhfitx this great Lord 
^ and t^ejofhc^ Foreigit^er^f Ctbo' Maturiuizal} ^^ 

* in the Englijhy and aUo in t;b^ Out^h Gounciis j If 

* the^ Strangers, tbo' now Gni&decatcs, fiiould be 

* of difierent Interefts, as mod platoly the;^ are ui 

* in pojnt of Trade ; to. whidbi Inteceu \t k tati^ : 

* iUppo^d tbpie great Foreign Cou^ieUors a^d Ea* 

* vQuritcs Wpuld adbiere ? So tlpat I for^efisse that «h^ 

* W.c ^P r^mic^d to e«reamP.Qv;€rty , (^oom, 

* vegryneajrst;weai:etobeii4>p]antedb9^o^rl 
' t^ur9(,aiqdhe(;ocaeaColoo}rtothepiitfc6« USaiSL 
^ nja^e no (ey.erc lUn^arJb on this gireac Nfia^ for. 

* hi.s Gr^tqefi ipaaJkes us li^^ and will make the 
^ Crown both Poor and Precarious^ And wiien jGo4 

* piallplea( febd U5 a Prince of Wi/6/, ike may 

* haveuch a preieot p( a Crqisux made hiin,as a B»fk 

* did tp^in^ ?fiv, who ^aij urnanrd S* »/ Ijsw, and 

* was by bi^ Fairer King fife^rj'IL made Lord ot 

* IfflAnh which Grant; was confirmed by.die Pi^/r^ 
^ who (eot hinji a Crown of Peacocks. Featheo^ sa 

* djcrifion of his Power, and. the. Poffcny of fat^ 
\ Rey#we. I WPvld haKe ua tocoofider, that.\00 
^ ar/c Bnglifi>i»m% andmuft, like g^pd J^iots^ ftand 
^ jby pur jCp^mxy, it to Income tribu-] 
I ^y to i^mm^O.. Wenaiejr£]c^ed ^ weh«r» 

! beat 

if 44 the Reign of King 

A. C * ijeat out of this Kingdom Popery and Slavenr, and 

1^9/. • do now with as great Joy entertain Socinianiim and 

^^^ ^ * Poverty, and yet we lee our Properties daily given 

J away, and our Liberties muft fbon follow. 

^ liius I have reprelented to you the nature of this 

* mighty Grants to this noble Lord ; the ill Con- 
^ (equences that muft attend the Publick, and more 

* particularly this County by paflipg it. The Re- 

* medies that our Forefathers took to cure thoie Ills 
I are well known. 

. * I deiire more Re^relS than PuniQiment; Therc- 

* fore I (hall neither move for an Impeachment a- 

* sainft this noble Lord, northeBanilhmentofhim; 
^ But fliall beg he may have no Power over us ; nor 
^ we any Dependance upon him ; And fo conclude 

* with this Motion, That ah Addrefs be made to his 

* Majefly, to ftop the Grant that is pafling to the 
^ Earl of P^tUndf of the Lordfliips of Denbeigh^ 

* Bramfield^nd Tale^ and other Lands in the Princi- 
^ pallity of fVdIcs : and that the fame be not granted 
^ but by Conlent or Parliament. 

This bold, eloquent Speech made fo great an im* 

preiiion, that Mr. FriVs Motion was carried by una- 
*2 r* /i—r A A^j hj^^./zi.* =:l»j 

-- fiir/ gf^^"^^ ksnimfs for mj Lord Portland, which he hath 
tattlMnJ^^^^ qf !»*, h l^X ^^ faithful Services ; But I 
Crsut Tin Jk^M ^^ ^^^^ given him tbefe Lands ^ if I had imazin^d 
esiPd. pbe Hotife of Commons could have been concern d^ I 
wiU thertfvre recall the Grants and find fome other wajf 
tfjhemngmy Favour to him. 

By thde Proceedings, in Relation to the Earl of 
P(0r^/4iii*8 Grant; it, appears, how much a great 
part of the Nation was difgufted at the Condu£): of 
the Court ; As by the Affairs of the Scotch Company, 
it is plain, diat the majority of the Hpufe of Com- 
mons allowed Kmg Pf^Uiam but a precarious Title 
to the Crown : A riot, againft his Majefty, which 
at this time was happily difcover'd, as it fervM to 
flrengthen and fiipport his Throne, fo did it regain to 
him the Affi:£tion of many ot bis Subje^s. For it 
k obfervable, That in a wei^k Government an un* 


WI L L I A M the nird. t^s 

focccfifiil Conlpiracy, raifes the Power of the Prln- A. C. 
i:es, and adds as much Spirit to his Friends, as it j ^^^^ 
difbeartcns and deprefles the Faftionagainft him. ^,^^^,,,-yv^ 
And icaUbgivesoccaiiontQ do (bme'thiogs for which 
it were not ieafie otherwife to find^ either Pretences 
or Inftnunents. 

His Majefties implacable Enemies finding theih-^P/of /a 

i&ltres dJAppointed the lafl year in Flanders^- and be- htvadt ' 

ing impatient to wait the Event of another Gam- JBwglfp^,* 

paign, oerook themfelvcs to the moft Widced and ^"^^ ^^ 

diflioqourable Means dfaccomplilhing their Dcfigos; ^.ffi"*^ 

having contriv'd not only to Invade his Kingdoms, Wilhim* 

but to affaflinate his Perlbji. In order to the firft, 

new Levies were made in ¥ravce that Winter, and 

a great number of Forces ordered to file off towards 

Dtmkl^k ^nd Calais^ which gave no finali umbrage 

to the Confederates, and fipecially to ihcDutcb^ as 

fearing thofe Troops niighc be deftin'd to infiiit the 

Go^fts of ^f aland and Banderx. But the I>d(ign was 

quickly unravell'd : For towards the beginning of 

Fekmary it was a publick Diicdurie in Trance^ .That 

his mod Chriftian Majefty was now fully refolv'd 

to refNeftabiiih King J'^mts-^ aad had concerted Mea- 

(ures fo well, that nothing 'more remain'^d^ but the 

Winds and the Waves to <to their Part. Aral indeed 

the prefent Conjunfture fiaaoi'd moft favourable for 

fuch an Enterprize : For at this time a very ioconfi- 

derable number ofTroopsWere left in Eng/irani; the 

great Ships that were, i&me Months before, returnfd 

trom ihGMfidinrranean with Admiral i^uffel^ TKnerelaid 

up ;.and iiich as were fitted outhad orders tolailfwith 

a great Fleet ot Merchant Men^ to the Stredj^hts, i^ 

order to enable Sir George B^ok^xo defend that Paflage 

againft the Tiott/o« Fleet. ?Oh the iSchof Fibruarj 

(p. S.) King James Went in a Poft Calafh toCalais^ 

and immediately upon his Arrival, the Trosops, Ar'- 

tiUery and Stores wereorder'd to be put on Board 

with theiitnaoft diligence \ wfeilfithe Signai'vvas ini- 

5 Patiently expefted from the Jac<fbiM in En^land\ to 
et Sail : And lb confidenrly fiire were tbey in France 
of thcSuccels of the Enterjirize, that the Duke of 
Orleans urg?d it as an ArgUibent to the TkiktofSavo/^ 
» snikelus feparatePeace, fe^re the total overthrow 

Lll of 

t^6 The Reign ofHiftg 

A. C of the Confederates, which of ncceflltv would attend 
i6o($. the Reftoration of the Abdicated Monarch. The 

^^yys^ News of King James being at Calais^ had no (boner 
reached the Netherlands^ but Prince V^rtemberg dif- 
patch'd one of his Aids-deCami) toKing IVmiam^ 
to give his Majefty notice of all this ; and at the firoe 
time the Duke of Bavaria^ and the Prince of Vau- 
demont^ who were then at Brujfels^ difpatch'd alio 

''Fcb.2a.Expreflcs J But the Duke of ff^rtemberg's MeC 
icnger going direfily by the way of Newport^ af- 
ter a narrow elcape from the Enemy at Sea, got * to 
Court 6r(f, and acquainted his Majefty, that the Duke 
bad ftopp'd all the Ships in the Haroour and Canal 
olofiendj a$ well of that of Brttgw,in order to trans- 
port the Forces ^under his Command, for his 
Mmefties Service ; And that in cafe he did not quick- 
ly near from his Majefty, he would run the hazard 
of bringing ^hem over; whl^h accordingly he did. 
The States of Holland, madie the like Preparations 
at Sas van Ghent ; but notwithftanding all the expe- 
dition us'd by the Duke oi Wittember^s Aid de- 
Camp, the King had received before (bme certain 
Intimations, not only of the Invaiion, but alio of the 
Con^iracyagainft his Perfon. I have given Ibme 
Account of the latter part of the firft, let^s now trarcc 
both to their firft original4 

This horrible Contrivance was firft laid beyond 
Sea, aad then tranferr'd into England : For Captain 
Vl^augh of Brentford, who in November, 169ZJ.. was 
Kent over by the Jacobites to concert their Aftairs in 
France, addrefles to Colonel Parser, Mr. Carjl, and 
the other Confederates ok the Party, who telling 
ibim the French were not yet at leiiiire to fumi(h the 
Englijh Jacobites with lb many Men, as were defir^d 
for tne Invaiion, they fell upon what they thought 
would more fpeedily accompliih the Reftoration 
of their Mafter, and that was Murdering J(in^ Wil^ 
Ham. Theie Perfbns had been long in the becrec, 
and had agree'd upon the Methods; but becaufc 
moft of the Jacobites retasn'd a true Senfe of Honour 
and Con^ence, and abhorr'd (iich a black and de-^ 
teftaUe Enterprize, as die AflkSination wag ; and 
libera reftti'd engaging in it, unlefi they bad a 


W I L L I A M /i&e ThirJ. 147 

ibedal Order ; a Commifliori muft be had from A. C 
the Abdicated King tor the doing ic, under the ibt^ 16^6, 
doU9 name of Attacking the Prince of Orange in his 
Winter Quarters. Now left the year idpy. fhould 
be loft^ without putting this wicked Defign in Exe- 
cution, Mr. yyaugh was lent intp England from the 
Court of St. Germains^ to give the Jacobites here At 
furance, that thofe who would engage in the AflafC- 
nation, fliould have fiich a CommiiCon fent them as 
was defir'd ; and ihofe who were for thelnvafion on- 
ly, (hould have their Spirits kept up with the hopes 
of a powerful Afllftance from France^ as fbon as the 
Blow was given. Theft two things they imagined 
would efFeotually eniploy both the Fa£kions,wiihou£ 
clafhing or interfereing with one another, and would 
make both the Plocs iucceed according to their Wi« 
fties. While the Parties were thus deliberating. Ma* 
jor Cruhy comes over from France^ with AiTurance, 
as was depos'd by Sir John Fenxoickj, in a Paper an* 
nex'd to his Ladies Petition for his Reprieve : Thap^ 
hefaw the CommiJJionSigt^dy and under Seal, in France ; 
that it was fent awaj before hinSy and if not already 
come, he was certain it was upon the Upad, and would be 
here in a fcw days. This was privately communica- 
ted to the Jacobites J in order to cut on ViAVigfViUia- 
am before he wetit to Holland^ But Providence coti^ 
vey'd his Majefty (afc to his Army in Flanders. ^ 

Now all hopes being loft of executing their jiw 
human Defign till his Majefties Return, they re^U 
ved fo to employ the Summer, that Winter might 
find them ready, to perform, what rhey had £> long 
and unruccefihilly refblv'd on ; And that the Invafi- 
on might (till accoinpany the AflaiSnation, feveral 
Meetings were appointed and held by the Ring-load- 
ers of the Party; particularly one in May, 1^5/. 
at the 0W.i^i«^'8.He4i Tavern, in leaden- hali-fireet^- 
London ; where met the Earl oif 'Atlesbury, the Lord 
Montgomery, Sir John friend. Sir iVilliam Perl{im^\t 
John Fenwick^^ Mr. Charnock,, Captain Porter, Mr. 
C^ky and Mr. Goodman. There they confiilted the. 
beft way to reftore the late King, and all agreed, that 
the moft propter .Method was, to fend a fpecial Mef^ 
linger to his M^Ktty» *"^ ^^^^ him to procure of 

Ln ».■ the 

148 The Reign of King 

A. C. the Vrench King Ten thoufind Men, vi:^. 1 006 Hor/e,' 
i(J96. as many Dragoons^ and 8000 Foot. Vix. HhamoQl^ 
- - 1 was the Pcrfon they pitch*d on to manage this Affair j 
who faid,jF/(r xoould not go on afoolijh Errand^ and there^ 
fore would l^now what the Company would do^ if foreign 
forces could be procured ? Whereupon they all linani- 
moufly promised, That if King ]ames vpotild come over 
withjuch a number of Men as was defird^ they would 
meet him at the head of Two thou/and Horfe^ wherevei^ 
he would appoint them. At the latter end 01 June they 
had another Meeting, where, after many Difcour^ 
upon that Subjeft, Mr. Chamock, received a further 
confirmation of their Refoiutions, ^nd thereupon 
took his Journey into France. 

Thelnvafion being thus promoted, that the A(^ 
faffination might keep Pace withit^foipe of the Con- 
Q>]rators calling to mind, that nothing in that kitui. 
could be attempted, without a Gommiffion from 
King fames to do it ; which Crosby faia was coming; 
Captain Porter and Mi*. GW»i/r;^ communicated this 
Scruple to Sir George Barclay ^ whb was then in En- 
gland^ and upon his departure for Prance ; tellinghim* 
what difficulties they laboured under, for want of a 
Coriimiflion, and that a longer: delay of fending k 
orer,' would certainly put a ftop to the Affair. Sir 
Chorge not only approves, but commetlds the defign, 
and that fuch a hopeful Project: might not mifcarry, 
proraifes to ufe all his Intereftat St. Germains^ that, 
the Commiffion thi'ght no longer be Wanting. The 
beginning of Mguft.^'\6(^^. brings Mr. Chamod^a- 
g^in to London^ with the unwelcbme.News, That the 
King qf France ^asnot in' a conditibnto fpare KJftg' 
James fo manyhdm"^ which being- communicated tp' 
the^Party, the Defign was laid afidi-^ill Winter. 

*iBut nbtwithftanding this poHtiye'Anfwer,- the 
l^ench at the fame time were taking fiich mcafiires 
fift might fiiit with the Jacobites Requeft, tho* they 
dtirft not truft them with the Secret ^ Nay, not 
King JaiHes him(elf,'till a Squadron of Men of 
War, and near Four hundred Tranfjport Ships were; 
fitted ; and the French Army ' confifting of Thirty 
BgM^jons, were ready to embark, and Money and 
loQs fent his Majefty to go on Board and take - 
ion of England^ ' "In 


JV I L LI A M /)^ Third. 149 

In December 1 69 f. Sr George Barcl^^ who had for- A. C 
merly been a General Officer, and was then in France 1 696. 
an Officer in King 3u«i»f/sGuards,came over into £«- V-OTVJ 

{iand^ and brought with him a Commiffion f ron> the ^^ Oetrge 
ate King, to attack^ andfeiT^e the Brinceof Orange in Barclay 
his Winter Qiiarters^ or as others report, to levy War ^^' ^ ^* 
ufon the Prince of Orange, and all his Adherents. Be- "" j i* 
fore him, with him, or after him, two and twenty c^„^,', ' 
more of King y^^a^i's Guards and .Officers, wboy^/^^. 
had all inftrucStions to obey the Orders o£^xx George ^ 
came, alfb into £«g/4«</. 

Sir George Barclay and his Men, being arriv'd at Their num^ 
London^ the^ endcavour'd to ftrengthen their Party ^^^ '^- 
. by the addition of Major Lomck,, Mr. Knightly^ Mr/''*^''^* 
Berfram^ Mr. Hookpaody Mr. La B^e^ Mr. Goodma^^ 
Cap. Porter^ Chamber s^ Durant^ Cranhurn^ Ksndrick^^ 
Grimes and W/iugh ; fome of which were engag'd in 
the Aflaffination the year before. Thofe that came 
from France J knew not the particulars of what they 
were fent about , being kept in a blind Obedience to 
BarcU/s Orders ; but thofe in England were privy 
to the whole Defign ; and tho' Ibme of tncm ftartled 
at its firft being proposed to them, yet the Authority 
of King Jameses Commiffion- anci their imaginary 
)ProfpeS:s of large Rewards at his return, made tbem 
, Confent to haTiard their lives in it. Several Confiilta-^^'^^ 
tions were held, and feveral ways proposed to efFe^l Peaces muf 
what they aim'd at : Some were for felzing his Maje- ^^^^^^^^ 
fty, and carrying him alive into Pr^«c<?: and ^^^^^iZatt^^ 
purpofta Feint was made„ that aCaftleon theSea-^j^^y*^^^ 
fide was fecur'd to detain the King till a Ship was rea- y;^^ 
dy to tranlport him over j but the more wicked 
.anaong them, that underftood what was meant by 
fifk^^g *^ Prince pf Orange'/ Perfon^ laugh'd at thfc, 
g$ a meer Chimera. Others propo^M to kill his 
.Majefty at K^nfington^ by atcagking hl^ Guards, and 
fqrjcmghis Ifalace in.thc dead of Night; butthis^s 
(UpQn weighing the difficulties, was found wHoUy 
impnuElicable. Others again were ^^r Murdering 
the King as he came on Sunday to St. Jameses Cba]^ 
pel ; io£ which purpofe Forty Men well armM were. 
to attack his Majefties Guards, wUch before the 
Difcpvery ot tnc riot, did not exceed Twenty five, 

l.\\ 3 yhilft 


I JO . The Rei^n of King ^ 

A, C while Six Men qfti foot Jhouldflnit Ife^-?-P/fri^ Gate, 

i6^(i, and the reft afla^inate his Majefty. It was^ropo* 

l^/VV^ ^d alfo to kill the Coach«Hor(es as they were ca- 

tring into the Park, that the paflage being ftopt, the 

j Guards might not be able to come up, rill the Affaf- 

fines had done their work. Another Propofal was, 

to murder the King as he returned trom Hunting, in a 

] narrow Latie, by a Wood Cde,near Hjchmond^ leading 

^ to the Thames^ on the other fide of the Water, about a 

' hundred and fihy paces long, in which there is a Gate, 

that when (hut, hinders Coaches and Horfes from 
coining that way. One of the Confpirators was fent 
to view this Crround, and another to (urvey the 
Lane above mentioned ; but Sir George Barclay^ the 
chief dirciSor of this wicked Enterprise, did not ap- 
' prove that Place, and fo that Projeft was alfo laid a- 
The ptMce "d^- At laft they all fix'd upon a Place between 
at Ufl a- Turnham green and Brentford^ in a moorifh Bottom, 
freedon. where there is a Bridge, and divers Roads, that 
crofs one another. On the North-fide there is a 
Road which goes round Brentford ; and on the South 
a Lane that leads to the River, fo that Pafleflgers 
may come thither feveral ways. After you have 
paisM the Bridge the Road grows narrow, having 
on one fide a Foot path, and on the other a high 
t'lick Hedge; here the barbarous Parricide was to 
b: committed. And indeed, all Circuroftances con- 
fider'd, a fitter Place could hardly have beenfound*> 
for his Majefty often returned late from Hunting, and 
ufually paft thro' this Lane after his Landing at 
gi^fffwV Ferry, with no greater Attendance than fi?e 
or fix of his Guards, It was alfo his Majefties Cu- 
ftom to enter the Ferry-boat in his Coach ; and as 
foon as he landed on this fide the Water, ttie Coach 
drove on without expe6Hng the reft of his Guards, 
who could not crofi the Thamef^ till the Boat re- 
jhe msmcrturn^d to the Surrey fide, to bringtbem over ; and fo 
pf doing ;/. jjj^ reft of his Guards could not have come to hi$ 
Affiftatice. For this purpofe,theConfpirators were di* 
vided into three Parties, and were to make their ap- 
proaches three (everal ways : One of which was to 
^tt^ck the Guards in the Front, the other in the Rcan 

WILLIAM thethirJ. iji 

'whilft ten or twelve of the bloodied amongft them, A. C. 
were to aflaffinate his Majcfty in his Coach. ^ 16^6. 

The I ^th day of February wa3 the day appointed C^VNJ 
t(^ a6fc this hellifli Tragedy ; and the G)nfpirators7l&^ d^y 
having long kept two Men at K^nfington^ to watch *??*'»'^'* 
the Kit\£'s going to hunt, which was commonly tvc^ 
ry Satur4ajf, one of thefe Orderly M'jn, (for (o they 
caU'd them) brought them word that the King did 
not go abroad that day. This DKappointment was 
attende4 with the fears of a Difcovery, and thereup- 
on Plouden^ l^endrick, and Sherburne the moft time- 
rous of all the Plotters, declin'd the Aftion and 
Withdrew themfelves ; But Sir George Barclay^ Sir 
iViUiam Per^ins^ Captain Porter^ and Mr. Goodman^ 
concluding the Defign was not difcover'd, from their 
not being taken up by the Government, they had a- 
nother Meeting, and there refolv'd to execute their 
bloody Projeft, on Saiurdaythexi &. of February. That 
Forenoon was fpent in a tedious expeftation of the 
News, that the King was gone abroad ; but inftead 
of that account, Kp'^ one of their Orderly Men at 
Ksnfmmny brought advice, that theGuards were all 
come back in a foam, and that there ^^s a mutter- 
ing among the People, Th^t a damnable Plot was dijl 
gover^d: This aftonlfhing News* alarm'd and diC 
pers'd all the Confpirators, and arove them (o Ihift 
For themfelves by a /pecdy Flight. 

Nor were I^eys^s Report, and their Apprehcnfions 
groupdlefs : For the Plot, and every llep of it from 
time to time, had been difcoyer'd by ffjchard Fi/her^ 
and fomething of Jt by Mr. Grimes^ to the Earl of 
Portland^. Fijher had nis knowledge ofit from H^r- 
rjfon the Prieft, who took him to be one of their Par- 
ty ; and Grimes had foinc dark hints from another ; 
but both refufing to give his Lordfliip the Names of 
the Confpirators, litde Credit was given to their In- 
formations^ till they were confirm'd by other TcftU 

Mr. Pendergrafs^ who wa^ wholly ignorant of the Tie pUt 
Defi^till he was (entfbr to London^ being ftruck^'/wv^rW^ 
with Horror at the firfl: "Propofal of it, even then 
took up" a Refolution to five his Majefty's Life ; 
tho* the better to manage his intended Uifcovery, 

If 2, . , The Reign ^ King 

C. A. he ftem'i ]i^illing to engage in the HelUQi Ehtiir*' 
1696, prJTX. This Gentleman, on the 14th of February zt 

W-'Sr*^ rlight. went to the Earl of Porr/^wrf, and being ad- 
mitted to Privacy with his LordQiip, tho' wholljr 
a Stranger, without further Addrefe, accofted his 
Lordfliip with this (urprizihg Requeft: Prdy^ my 
hord^ perfwade the KJngtofiay at Home to Nlorrov^y 
for if he goes abroad to Hun^^ he will he rmirder*d. The 
feme Night, tho' late, /he was introducM to his 
Majefty, and difcovered the whole Plot ; and his 
whole Deportment fhewing him to be a Man of 
Honour, agreatStrcfi was, laid upon his Informa- 
tion. The next day after, Mr. De la I(ue made the 
(ame Difcovery, which he would have done be- 
fore, but. that his Friend Brigadier Lewfon^ who 
defign'd to introduce him to the King, was gone 
out of Town. Upon his return to London^ Briga- 
<lier Levpfon acquainted the King, that Mr. De la 
^ue had inform'd^ him of a Defign carryinjg oh to 
aflaffinate his Majefty^ and propos'd a way, if the^ 
, King thought fit, how all the Confplrators might 
be taken in Arms. Tho' Pendergrafs and Be la l^e 
a£led upon a feparate bottom, yet they punftually a- 
greed in all the Circuraftances of the Conrplracy ; 
which rendred their Dlfcovery unqiieftionable j But 
yet both peremptorily reius'a to Name the Conlpi- 
rators, which might have been of fatjal Conft- 
quence.; if the Earl of Portland had not found thct 
happy Expedient to prevent it, by perfwadiii§ his 
Majefiy to givehimfelf the Trouble of examining 
them fcparately in his Clofet. The King having 

4 Feb. a I . accordingly t examined Mr. Pendergrafs- bfefore the 
Eari of Portland^ and the Lord Cuti, and Mr. De la^ 
}(ue^ before the fame Earl, and Brigadier L^wfih^ hi^ 
Majefty fliewM himfelf extreamly well fa'tisfied iii 
the Truth of their Diicoveries; and in a very ob- 
liging manner expreft his Refentmen't foh their Ge- 
herofityi, in the great Care and Zeal they fhew'd 
for tije Pi-efervation of his Life, and the SajTety oi 
the Kingdom ; and at 1^ gave them fiich.tjhanr 
jTwerable Rfcialbns, whyas^^Men of Honour ana Lor 
vers of their Country they, mould jpompleat theiir 
Duty ar-d AfFe<^ion bj nkrnirig thfeC6tt5^irat6rs,as 

WILLIAM the fhhJ. tfj 

i^uite overcame tteir former Unwillingnefs, and A. C. 
prevail'd with them to tell the Names oT the Aflaf-' 1 59(5, 
fins, under the Pix)mii(e ol not being made ufe of K^y^/\j 
.as Evidences. But not many days after, Mr- ^^»- 
dcrgrafs hearmg that Mr. Porter^ who engag'd him, 
in the Plot, had, by an allowable Stratagem, beeh^ 
frighted into a Dilcovery, and acculed him ; he* 
thought himfelf difcharged from any Obligation of 
Honour in concealing it^ and therefore . aherwardf 
came in as ah Evidence at ChamoclCs Trial. 

Tlie King having now a perfeQ: Knowledge of 
the Confciracv, caufed his Proclamation to be if- 
liicd out For the Apprehendbg the * Confpirators,* in this 
with a Promife of one Thouland Pounds Reward Proctama^ 
iqt every Offender that (hould be taken, and brought U6h da- 
to Juftice, The Forces in England were ordered to pcd Feb. 
be in. a Readinefi to inarch ; a Train of Artil-aj.itfpf, 
lery was forthwith prepared to attend them; andtpemw- 
Admiral R^Jfsl repair d immediately to Dew/, totakewjprf, tb9 
-upon him the Command of the Fleet, which hy a Oul^ 4f 
tiarticular Providence, had been detained many Berwick,' 
Weeks in the Downs by contrary Winds ; and which ^i> Geo. 

was (oon remforc'd by other Men of War from the Barclay, 
River, and Twelve Dutch Ships from S pithead ; in- Major 
fbniuch that in five or fix, ciays time, the Admi-Lowick ' 
ral had near Sixty Men of War, with which he George ' 
ilood over dire£lly for the Coafts of Calais and Porter 
Dunkfrl{^, no left to the Terror and Amazement oi Captain 
the ^nemy, than to the Difappointment of their Stow, 
Defigns, C4f/.Wal- 

: L-j ■ : ■ banck,»j 

James Cpurtric)r, Lim^^^ Sherburil, Brice Blaire, Dinant, 
Chambers^ Boife, George Higgens, and his two Brothers^ 
Sms ^0 Wr Thomaj Higgens, Davis, Cardell Goodman, 
Cr^mburn, Keyesj Pe|iderj|ra6, Byerly, TreVor, Sh George 
Maxwell, DanatlKre a Fleming, Ghriftopher Knightly, Lieu- 
tenant Kiagj Holmes^ Sir Williim Perkins, rf»i Ro6kwoocL 

, f . ■ • 

In^ediately after ttie King^ Prockmatiofl was 
dut, Mr^ Qe^ge Harris^ one of the Perfcis.that was 
Um oii{ of Bvidc^ ta ^y the Orders of Sir G^f^^rj^ 

-a * 

X J4 ^^ Rei^ of King 

X. C. Bdrclajf, And was aihially engagM In the Aflafllna- 
i6q6. tion, reCgned himfelf to Sir ff^Biam TrumbaU, and 
' ' gcneroufly convinced him of the Af&fGnation and 
InvaGon Plots, tho' he was not able to tell the par- 
titular Circamftanccs that attended them. So that 
every Day now producing thc^ King frefli Eviden- 
ces of the Conlpiracy, his Majefty, upon the z4th 
of February came to the Houfe of Lords, lent for the 

Commons, and having paft what 
Ms p^ll Feb. i^th. to v^it, Afts f lay ready for the Royal 
'An M /if TAing, Exfmining, ^ffent / My Lords and Gentle- 
smiStat^ng l^i Publuk ,i€. ^ f^id He to both Houfes, 
T^' L1^ /JL ^rr^ * I am come hirher this Day, up- 
sTrfdndok snd the Tor^ cf on an Extraprdinaty Occafi. 
Btfwfch; sndtmo {ri^0te ' on, which might have proved 
jj^fg^ Fatal, ir it had not been dilapr 

* pointed by a lingular Mercy 
TbeJfJn^s \ and Goodncfi of God ; and may now, by the Con- 
$pacb t9 ♦ tinuanee of the fame Providence, and our own pru- 
tht Psrligi^^ jent Endeavours, be fo improved, as to becDme a 
P***' * (ixfficient warning to Us, to provide for our Sccu- 

* rity againft the pernicious Praftifes and Attempts 

* of our Enemies. I have received fever al concurring 

* Informations of a Defign to Aflaflinate Me, anq 

* that our Enemies, at the lame time, are very for- 

* ward in their Preparations for a fudden Invafion 

* of this Kingdom; and have therefore thought it 

* necefl&ry to lofe no time in acquainting my Par- 
^ liaraent with thefe Things, in which the Safety of 
f the Kingdom, and the publick Welfare are fq 
^ nearly concern'd, that I alTure my felf, nothing 
f will oe omitted on your Part, which may be 

* thought proper for our prefent, or future Security.; 

* I have not been wanting to give the neceflSi'ry 

* Orders for the Fleet ; and I hope We have fhcn 
? a Strength of Ships, and in fiich a readinefs, as 

* will be fufficient to difippoint the Intentions of 
*our Enemies. I have alfo difpatched Orders for 

^ -, * brinjfing Home fuch a Number of our Troops, as 

* may fecure us from any. Attempt ; fbme of the 
^ Confpirators againft ray Perfon are already in Cu- 

* ftody, and Care is taken to apprehend fb many of 
^ (he reft a& are diicavei*^ t Ani iiicb dtt^r Or* 

yf I LLI AM the Tkird. yjy 

"• ders arc civen, as the pitlcnt Exigency of ABArs A, G. 

* does ab^lucehr require, at Ais time, ior the pub- 1 696; 

* lick Safety. My Lords and Gentleman,^ iaid his —^ 

do every thing which you (hall judge proper for 

* our oommon Safety : And I perfwade my ielf, we 

* muft be all fenfible how neceflary it is in our 

* prefent Circumftances, that all poiTible Difpatch 

* ihould be given to the Bufinefs before you: 

His Majci^'s Spctch was (econded by another 2i&#P4r//#. 
made in the Houfc of Commons by Sir Vt^iBiammem^s xd^ 
TrumbaU^ on€J of the Principal Secretaries ofStatc,<^'*<p///«ri&* 
and a Member of the Houfe, for he knowing that ^i^fg- Fck 
the Dififieded always endeavoured to ridicule Plots,*4^^- 
and render the Diicovery of them fi£^itious, he en* 
largcd upon the Credibility of the Wicnefles, and 
the in^>robability of their confpiring together to 
abu(e the Belief of the Nation. Both Houles 
#F Parliament being greatly allarm'd at the News 
of this barbarous Conipiracy, and fatisfied that the 
Welfare of thefe Nations entirely^ depended on the 
Safety of the King's »Perfbn, they joined in an Ad- 
drefi to bis Majeftv, full of Loyalty, and the warm- 
eft Affe<9:ion ; wherein they gave him ' Thanks 
^ for acquainting his Parliament with the great Dan- 

* ger bis Sacred Perfon had been fo nearly expo«'d 
^to; and the intended Invafion from France y con- 
^gratulated the happy Prcfervation of his Royal 

* Pcrfen ; thankfully acknowledged the ficnal Provi- 

* dence of God in it : declared their Deteftation and 
^ Abhorrence of (b villainous, a Defign ; humbly de- 

* fired his Majefty to take thore than ordinary Care 

* of his Perfen at this time ; aflured him of their 

* utmoft AfCftance to defend his Perfbn, and ftp. 
^ port his Government, againfk the late King James^ 

* and all other his Enemies, both at Home and A- 
^ broad ; and that in Cafe he ihould come to any 

* violent Death, (which they beggM God to prevent) 
1 they would revenge the iame upon all his Maje- 
^ fty's Enemies and their Adherents ; told his Ma-* 
^^ jefty tl:^ as an inftan^ of their Z^al for his Ser- 


fj;6 ' The Reifn af Kmg; 

A. C. * yfce, they would gire all poflible difl>atch to the 
I tf 5l(f . * publick Bufinef^ ;, and defir'd bioi to fecure all Per^ 
^^ I* Ions, with their Horfes and Arms* that his Maje* 

* fty might think fit to appretend upon this Oc- 


* he would do all that was within his Power, and 
\ readily venture his Life for the Preftrvation of 

*this Kingdom, to which he had (b many Obliga- 

* thins; and recommended himfelfto the continu- 

* ance of their Loyalty and good Afie£)tion. 

The fime day-tbe Commons order'd a Will to be 
brought' in to emfov^r his Majejly to Secure and De^ 
, tsiti fillfuch Pe>/Us as his Majeity flmlifufpeEt w/^ 
conffifing dgdinfi his Per/on and ^overn^ent y as alio 
$ Bill^ that whenevier it fhould pleafi Gad t^ aMiH thejh 
Kealms h ^^ Death tf his frtjeht ^tfi% the Parliitr 
nkent then in being fhokld not he dijfslvei thereby^ but 
Jhouli continue umil the next Heir fo the Crown in Sucr 
coffiofi^ according to the late AH of Parliafnetityfheuld 
dtjjolve tlifefame ; a1%d if there Jhoutd be 'no' Farliafne^ 
tbeit in Beings that the lafi precetfdikg Parliamem 
fifould immediately Comfefie and Sit; . Whereby as th'e 
Parliament vl^ifely provided agaJnft thatCofifufion 
and Difordei^ that might hapj>eh by the Ceflation 
<)f Parliaments, and all Commidons <m hisMaje* 
fty's Deceafe; (b nothing could hav^ b^en imagined 
itaore effeSual for the fecurity of the Kings LiFe^ 
againft the Malic^ And Violence of his Enemies ; 
feeing by this means. all Hopes of ef(cape and im- 
pubitj^ were cut off, in Ca(e .tdhey (hould ftiocecd 
m thleir, barbarous AttemptSL They lik;/C wife vot^ 
an Addrefi to his Majefty to defire iiiiAto ifTue bis 
Royal Proclamarion to bixxHh all P^lfis from the 
Cities of London atld Vl^tfiminfier fim Tq^ Mile» 
fr6m the &me; add that he Woul4 givfs In{|im£l:i^ 
cos to the Judjles gotog Aib Grcuifs^^.to put the 
J^vrt m Execadi6n againft Pap^, aftd ^on*jurbr4% 
After whifch they lagreed to chttr .tfi«> itbfc followit^ 


VJILLI AM the thirJ: 157 

* Whereas there has beea a horrid and d&t^ftable A. O.^ 
Conspiracy, formed and carried on by Pafifis^ 169^* 
and other wicked and traitenous Perfons, for A(- LX^Ni 
(aflinacing bis Majefty's Royal Perfbn, in ordec Thi jtJJhcU 
to incourage an Invafion from Franc^y to fiibverjt^^'f* »/*<*♦ 
our Religion, Laws and Liberties; Vt ^\if)tii09mmm. 
Names' are hereunto (ubicribed, do hean:iiy« fin? 
cerely, and (blemnly Pr^fcft, T^sftifie, and Dc^ 
clare^ that his preftnt Majefty King fTOf/iW, is 
Rightful and Lawful King of theie Realms, And - 
we do mutually Promile and E)n|E9ge to (land. by 
and aflift each other, to the uliflKm: of our Poivcri ^ 

in the Support and Defence of his Majefty's moft '^ 

Sacred Perfbn and Govemmeot, againil the late 
King Jdmes^ andiall his Adherents. And in Gtfe 
his Majefty cotne to alny/violcnt and untimely 

* Death, (whichGod forbid) wc do hereby fufcl^r 
^ freely^ and Unahimoufly oblige .Quc ijblir^s to U,. 

^ nite, Affociace abd ftand by each other, 10 r^voog* ^ 

> ing the (ume upon his Enemies; aAd.tJmr Adlhe^ 
brents; and in lupporting and' defending ,th^ ^\ic^ 
^ cefEon of the Crown, according to an hStvoaAc 

* -in the firft Year of the Reign of King WiUinm 
•^and Qiicen Mar^^ \Ti{\x\x\td^ 'Ab. 4S d^cUrin^the 
' Hights^and Jit her ties of the SuhpeA^ and ScAtUng U>c 
^ Succejfion of Hiit 'Qro'nn. . .; c . ^ ' ' 

This Aflbcijttion was, the three ^^ilowintoiDays^ 
f<gncd by all tike Members that came to.che.Hpuie ; 
and becnule ifbme others: had;, abbfenced thesE^vei 
li^on Pretence lof Health or Bufinefs, but ja nsality 
SO' avoid (etting their Hand^ to the A£bciat3Qa; 'st ^ 

was order'd, \ Th^ fuch Mimhari who bdd n^aUctt-* p^j,. 27. 
4^, flo^uU in Sixfven Days SJ^n^: ii^ or jksUri thm. S^- 
fiijalj notii^ithfijMUng ti^u Itaye^tB^i^ 4fifent.^ Oathe 
iippoitited ^ day, 4he NaniesofiuchMembeiis^eref March 
<^lled oveiTv ai^were ablent JUfxmjthe laft.Cai|l oitkii6, 
Hotile, and ito^nal of them il^eiiig. Hill abrait, she^o^^ ^^^^* 
Speaker was ordered xo writw^chofe duiJvwre iathc^^'*^ decline. 
Country, and had not figned the Aflbciation^vordc/^ ^^^ ^' 
ilared tbeir Refusal ib to db,^ Isxxmr what/tbey 
would 4b and i^^tum their: Amrer^b^jduke&sft (i^^ 
^oitunity ; and; at the i^sjq^t ti^o/the JCj|^k of /ebe' 
Houie was ordered €oatt(uul4ackM«mlWa8Weud 

ij8 The Reign of King 

A. C ill in Town,^ with the laid Aflbciation, ia order 

\6^6. to their Signing the fame, or receiving their An- 

i.^VV--' fwer or Renifal. The abfent Members keing them- 

anbry cm* felves (i> prcft, and the Nation, at this time, in fo 

th •^^•fi* great a Ferment againft the Di£fFe(aed, thought it 

Pirudence to yield to the times, and either to fob- 

fcribe the Auociation, or to jpromife to do it up- 

on their firft coming up to Town, tho' it were a- 

3ftf '^^/^gainft their Principles to own King Willimi to be 

^ ^'- ^gh^fi^ and L4ip////King. However, the fiid Affocia- 

lAm^il jiottj.wason the jdof^/riVpreftnted to the King 

In a Body, with this Requef 
would* order both that, and ; 
by the Commons of England 
^ be lodged among the Records in the Tcwer^ there 

* to remain as a perpetual Memorial of their Loy« 
^alty and Affedion to his Majefty. Whereupon 

Ihf t&n^s ^ Majefty told them, ^ That he took this as a 
Declsra* ^ nioft convincing and acceptable Evidence of their 
iim thifi* ^ AfFe^on : And as they had freely aflbciated them- 
wf9fu ^ felves for His and their common Safety, he did 
'heartily enter into the fame Aflbciation; and 
' would be always ready with them, and the reft of 

* his good Subjects to venture his Life againft all, 

* who Ihould endeavour to iubvert the Relieion, 
*' Laws and Liberties oi England. And promis'a that 
this and all other Ailbciations (hould be lodg'd a- 
mong the Records in the Tower. The next day 

ThtjtffiiU the Commons made a Relblution, ' That whoever 

ativnwttd*^ fiiould by word or writing affirm, that the AC 

^iaL ' fodation entred into by any Member of this Hou^, 

* or any other Perfbn, was Illegal^ iiich Pexifbn 

* ihould be deem'd a Promoter ol the Defigns^ of 
*che late King James,, and an Enemy to the Laws 
^ apd Liberties of this Kingdom. The Houle of 
Lords prelented likewile their Affociation, not long 
after ; and the Example of both Houles of Parlia* 
ment was folio w'd by all the Corporations of thefe 
three Nations. 

On the iflr of Afrji^ the Cooimons appointed 

iuch Members of tbeir Houfe as wereoi: nis Ma- 

telty's Privy-Council, to go to Newgiue to examine 

^ Sir mUiam Jei4«»r andSir John Friend^ in relation 

WILLIAM thenirJ. ijp 

to the Ploti^ mcnrion'd in his Majcfty'i Speech, A. C 
T'his Committee obeyfcd this Order immediately, 16^6. 
and the next Day the Marquifi of WintheSter re- y^/'yfs^ 
ported, that liaving examin'd Sir fViUUm •Perl^jns^ sir Wil- 
and Sir John Friend^ feverally, * The Firft own'd hisliam Pe^- 
^ being privy to the intended AfTaiiination, and ift kins 4iii 

* Company when 'twas difcours*d of at two or ^'*\ Jtbn 

* three Meetings j and thought 'twas- a Fault that Pri«nd ^«. 
*he did approve it. That he had received Hints ^^"'^^ 

* ieveral times of King James's Defign of coming o- ^ ^?«w''- 
•vcr, and particularly now; and was '"^^I'^cd to ^^J^^^ 

* fcrve him whenever he came over, with himfelf c^^^ 

* and Friends, thinking that he had wrong done sir Vv' 

* him ; and that it Jwas his Ehity to help him when- PerkinsV 

* ever he could. That he <;oniulted not with znj^Cwfefiw.^ 

* hut thofe that he could engage, and he had an in- 

* fluence upon. That he gueiTed he could have 
^ * been able to have brought in to the Number of 

* a T^roop, but that he W9uld never redeem his ^wn 
Btoodi at the ex fence of theirs that he bad drawn in. 

* That finccChriftmas he did fee a Ccmmiffion^ which 
^ he underftood to be King James s^ direfted to his 

* loving Subjeih to Levy Wof againft the Prince of 

* Orange^ and all his Adherents. That he believed 
^ it was figned by King ^4193^/ : That it had a Seal 

* CO it : and that he &w it in the Hands of a Friend, 

* whioi he deGred not to name, but he believed he ^ 
f was not in England. /' 

*That Siry^Aii Priend^ on his Examination, dif^SrVjohs 
^ own'd knowing any thing of the intended Afla/S- FrieodV 
^ nation^ but exoreued his Abhorrence of it. He Examinam 

* confe6'd, that he was at two Meetings mentioned ^'•'* 
^ at his Trial, and that the Peribnis named to be 

* prefe&t were there likewife : And that Cbarnock 

* was fent to France from one of thofe Meetings, to 
^ acc|uaint King James^ that if he would come over 

* withScoo Foot, and.xooo Horie^ that rfiree or 

* four Tboufind Horfe would be ready to join him 

* here : ; Of which .he did engage to fiirniilh abouc- 

* Two Hundred.' Thefiid Report was ordered to 
be enter'd upon the Journal, and printed with th^ 
Votcff^of the Hboie: After which- it was unani* 
motafly ^elblv'd) That a Bill be brougiit in for thk 

' tetter 

t6o the Reign of King . 

A. C. ht^^T ppc^irity tfUs Majesty's Per/on ^n:nd Gotfemfhenf^ 
|^J<J. contaimng thefe Heads ;Firft, That fuck as fhould 
i^0^^fy^\^ refufe to tak^ the Oaths to bis JMiajqfy^' /hoiil^ hf fyb- 
BtlfferthejeB to the Forfeitures and Penalties of Popi& Requ- 
Sfcu^ttjf^ offints Convift. Secondly, To infiiS a Penalty on fuck 
kis Maje' as Jhoiild h Vi^n^ing or ofhermfe declare^ That J^ng 
fiy ^^^J^Wil^hm ws not Lawful and itjgkifu{ King <f. thefe 

^ mnt ^^^^ ' ^^ ^^ ^^^ '^^^ K}Pg}^^^h «»' the pretended 
. ^^^ ' prince of Wales, or any o^er Perfon^ than according to 

the A& of Settlement of the Crown^^ had any Hjgbt to 
thetrown eftbrfe Healms» ^dly. To ^afifie 4nd€on^ 
fym the ^4fpocianon entered into by all his Majefties good 
SiibfeBsi for the Prefervation of his Majefi^s Berfon and 
Government. 4i:hly. That no Perfon fhould be capable of 
any Office of Profit or Truft^ Civil or Military^ that 
fhould not Sign the. Affociation; And Fifthly, that the 
fame Penalties be infiiSed enfucb as comeet^t of France,' 
W upon thqfe tiat go thither. 

: By thefe Proceedings and prudent Proyifioris for' 
jthe King's Safety, the Commons e<jually exprefi^d 
jtbeir Loyalty to hisMajefty,:aiuitlieir Care am Vi- 
gilance for the Happipe^ of the People ; it being un- 
N queftionably certain, than had the Conlpiracy beeix 
taccelsful, the; greateft Calamities and De(oludon 
that ever befel a divided Natioo, niufl; have over- 
whelmed therKtngdoffl. i Andit muft be obierv'd £or 
. the Honour .of this Parlimnent, that amidft all their 
Zeal for lecuring his Majefty's Life, they exprefi'd 
' ' . ttiat Lenity and Regardtoth^ Liberties df the Peo- 
V t . pie, that thej^ pafs?d no new and extraordinary Law 
for the Conyiftion of the Coo(pirat»»s, oi tp, extort 
^ Confeifions from thoie,wh0i,ta the laft^refus'dtoiiame 
ibeir Accomplices; as Men inffiichan^azing daggers 
jpiigbt have been provok' do, ibr the Pn3fe#va|i- 
on of the Government ; buttbey tnercifuUy.left^em 
to ftand or (all by the known Laws which were then 
to bMsing > except the fingle Inflance of Sir yvhk Fen^ 

Tht tonjfim WhilA theParliament J^rere thus providihg for Ac 

fpirators Prelervatioii of his Majefty,i and the Feace/arid 

Stter^tl. Safety ottheNarion, great Diligence wab tis^d by 

the Government to apprdusnd: tfa^ Conipirster^. In 

f^s fervi£ei\9Qe Chew'd moreZeal ^hd A^iritj^tbaa 

WILLIAM the Third. x6i 

the Lord Quts^ Colonel of bis Majelhr'sFoot Guards; A. C 
and the powerful Allurement of a Thoufind Pounds kJj^* 
Reward, Inciting orhers co imitate his Lordfhip's ^^Wi 
Example ; moft of the Plotters, who had not com- 
mitted their Safety to a fbeedy Flight beyond Sea, 
were in a few days fecurd. Some t^of thefe Pri-T^^ *"^» 
foners having compounded to five their ^"^^^^^^^^Itjl^ 
by hanging their Accomplices, the firft that wasg^^^^^ 
brought to his Trial was Mr. Robert Charnoc\^ ^Bo]fe«»i 
Genaemari of Parts, who next to Sir Gfore^Btfrc/^;, Goodman, 
was the chief Manager and Promoter of the intend- Pender- 
ed Aflaffination \ and who with an admirable Pre- guft ^^ 
fence of Mind, great Knowledge of the Laws, and Dc la Rue 
a flowing Speech, made a long, but frivolous De-^^^f^ ^'^ . 
fence. With Qhi^mcKy were try'd Lieutenant J'*^*"^^'''- 

JC»i, and TAomjr/ Kcr«, formerly a Trumpeter, ^^^^c, 
and lately Captam Porters Servant, who had little j^j^g ^^ 
to ^y for theml^lves ^ lo that upon a full Hearing K^es 
of the Evidence they were all three found Guilty rr>V, 
of High Treafon, and executed ztTjbum upon the March ii* 
1 8th oi March. Before the Executioner dia his 0[-And exe* 
fice, the Malebftors delivered each a Paper to the^*'^^> 
Sheriffs, wherein they confefi'd the Crime they***'^"'' 
were acculed of, but which they endcavbur'd to 
palliate, and at the fame time to judifie both King. 
James^ the Jacobites and B^man Catholicks. Mr. 
Chamock^ particularly own'd, 'That to facilitate j^^^y^^„, 

* King James^ Invafion upon Eng/and, himfelf ^tidr^fr^„j^ 

* fome others did agree to attack the Prince of O- 

* range and his Guards ; That as for any Order or 

* Commillion of King Jameses for AflalCnating the 

* Prince of Orange, he neither few nor heard of a- 

* ny ; but had had^ frequent Affurances of his Ma- 

* jeftvs having rejeded liich Propolals when they 

* had been oflfer'd ; That he did hear, that there was 

* a Cotnmiffion arrived tor Levying of War ; whidh 

* was natural to believe, if the Kmg was in fuch 

* readinefi to come over as was reported ; but that 
*he never faw it. And as to what regarded the 

* Body of the Roman CathoHcks, he muft do them ' 

* the ]uftice ; that they had no manner of know- 

* ledge of this £)e(ign, nor did he believe it waj 
t communicated to any other Party of fuch as were 

Mmm * reputed 

$/> John 


mii Sir 




April 3 

t6i The Reign of King 

A. C, * reputed the King's Friends, but carried onmeef«^ 
1696. *lyby a finall Number, without the Advice, Con* 

* lent, or Privity of any Parties whatfoever. 
The ncxtthat were tried, found Guilty, condem- 
ned and executed for the iame complicated Crime of 
the Aflaflination and Invafion, were Sir John Friend 
and Sir William Perkins^ who likewife delivered their 
Coofcfljons to the Sherifts. Sir John Friend^ tho' 

^ ^^^ , he denied his Knowledge of th^Invafion^ and Af- 
S/rjohn fiJJ^^^i^^'^ yet feem'd to own himfelf Guilty, in 
FriendV endeavourinjg to juftifie himfelf hy %ing : * That 
uiftjfm * tbcCaufe he fiififer'd for, he did firmly believe 

* to be the Caufe of God and true Religion, and a- 
greeable to the Laws of the Land, which he had 
ever heard to require a firm Duty and Allegiance; 
That as no Foreign^ (b neither any Domeftick^Vower 
can alienate our Allegiance : for it was altogether 
new and unintelligible to him, that the King's 
Subje£ls can depofe and dethrone him on any Ac- 
count, or conilirute any that have not an immediate 
Right to his Place, ana that as they ought not to do 
this,ib when it was done,to ailift him in theRecove* 
ry of his Right, was juftifiable, and their Duty, He 
profeft himlelf a Member of the Church of England^ 
which he heartily befought God Almighty to biefi 
and preferve; to deliver this Cnful Nation from 
the Guilt oi Rebellion, Blood and Perjury ; to com- 
fort the diftrefled King, reftore him to his Right 
and his miiled Subje&s to their All^iance ; and 
to blefi his Royal Confort, and his Royal Kigh- 
neft the Prince of H^ales^ That be might grow in 
Stature^ and in Favour with God and Man. As for 

Sir yVUliam Perkins^ he confcfi'd, ' That he was 
' privy to a Defign upon the Prince of Orange^ but 
was not to z&, in it ; and he was fully (atisfied, that 
very tew or none, knew of it, but thofe who under- 
took to do it. That he had feen a Commi^on 
fix)m King James^ to Levy War againft the Prince 
of Orange^ but as for any Commimon particularly 
levelled againft his Perfon, he neither (aw nor 
heard of zay jfuch. That he thought it for his 
Honour to lay, that he was entirely in the Intereft 
of King Jamei^ being always firmly perfwaded of 
the Juitice of his Caule ^ and look d upon it as 


Ani. Sir 


WILLIAM the Third. i6y 

^ his Duty both as a Subje<Sb md an EngUjhman ; to A. C. 
*affift him in the Recovery of his Throne, which 1696. 

* he believed his Majefty to be deprived of, contra- t^xV^y 
'. ry CO all Right and Juftice ; in which Opinion he 

* took the Laws arid Conftitution of his Country 

* for his Guide. And Laftlv, ' That he died in the 
•Communion of the Churcn oE England^ in which ^^^^ 

* he was educated. Its remarkable that Mr. Jeremy Peikins 
Cviiicr, a Non-juring Parlbn, who ailifted Sir yvil- abfihed 
liarn Perl{ins at the Place of Execution, pronouced hy Mr. 
both to him, and to Sir John Friend^ the Abfblution CoUicr. 
of the Church, as it ftands in the Vifitadon cf the 

Sickji and accompanied this Ceremony with a (b- 
lemn Impofition of Hands. The Court was very 
much offended ar this Abfolution, which at firll 
Blufh feem'd to juftifie the Conspiracy, And 14 
of Archbiftops and Bifliops who happened to be then 
in London^ publilhcd a Declaration wherein they 
Cenfkredthe Performance of this Office of the Church, 
wichout a previous Confeffion made, and Abhor- 
rence exprefled by the Prifoners of the heinous Crime 
for which they died, as extremely infolent smd ip/>A.A^*'.Colliir 
out Precedent in the manner^ and altogether irregular ^^"J^^'^, 
in the thing ; being a manifeft Jranfgreffion of the 7 '^' ^^'^ 
Churches Order^ and profhane Abufe of the Authority 0/ ^^^* 
Chriji^ fince Mr. Collier, and Mr. Snatt, and Mr. 
Cooke, (the two other Non luring Minifters who at- 
tended the Dying Male<9x)rs) muft either look, on the 
Perfons ahfolvd as Itnfenitents^ or hdartyrs. The Lord 
Chief Juftice of the Kjng'srBencb did likewife repre- 
fent * to the Grand Jury the pernicious Pradifes of* April 7* 
thcfe three abfolving Parfons, whereupon the Jury 
delivered a Prefentn^ent againft them, letting forth. 
That they were Enemies to his Majefiy and Govern- 
tnent^ Promoters and Encouragers of the Affaffination 
and Invafion, and a Scdndal to the Church, But tho' a 
Bill for a High Mifdemeanor was found againft 
them, whereupon C«Dj(;tf and Snatt were coramittcd 
to hkvi^atei yet, thro* the Lenity of this Reign, no 
manner of Punifhment was infli6ked on tbem ; and 
Mr. CoUier with great Affurance publilhcd feveral 
Papers wherein he endeavour'd to juftifie *-hi« Bra- 

M m m ^ aiie, 


i6^ the Reign of King 

A. C. Sife, both with relpcft, to Manner, form and (Jc^- 
1696. cafion. 
V.^'-V^vy Not longt after Brigadier Upokpood^ Major Lo- 
Rook- rfiic^j and Mr. Cramburn^ three other Confoirator* 
woody were brought to their Trial, and were the nrft that 
Lowick, ? had the Benefit of the Statute made this very Sef- 
WGtam-fJon to regulate Trials in Cafes of HighTrealon; 
burnv/rjrV. but neither the Copy of the Indiftment which was 
April 21 dei}^ei»y ^o them, nor the advantage of being defend- 
ed by Sir Bartholomev^ Shorc^ and two other eminent 
Lawyers did avail them much ; the Evidence a- 
gainft them being fb plain and pofitiye, that they 
were all three found Guilty, ana received Sentence 
accordingly. Great Interceffion was made by fomc 
Noblemen for the Life of Lomck ; and Crambum Pe- 
titioned to be tranlported ; but both to no purpofe. 
* Aoril ^^^^^^^^ died * a Proteftant, read a Paper, and 
^ *^(poke much to the Speftators, and (aid, Hcjuffer'd 
for his Loyalty^ pretending what he would have done 
, -ry was his Duty, ^okypood and Lomck died f I(pman 
T uicto. Catholicks, and deliver'd each a Paper to the She^ 
riflfe, wherein they partly own'd their Crime ; but 
juftified King lames^ as to the pretended Commijfion 
Mr. Cookc/^^ Murdering the Prince ^/Orange. Mr. Cook^ and Mr. 
stnd Mr. Knightly were the two laft that were try'd this Year : 
Knightly But tho' they received Sentence of Death,the firfl: upon 
Senten^d his being convifted, and the other upon his freely 
u die^ but confeffing the, Fa6t, yet, thro' his Majefty*s unpa- 
fiyriived^ railed Clemency, Mr. Cook, was only bani(h'd Eng. 
Jandy and Mr. Kjiightly was gracioufly pardon 'd. 

Whilft the Judges were putting the Laws in Eise- 
cution, the Legiflators themfelves were not idle : 
The Funds the Commons had already fettled could 
not anlwer above one half of the Sums they had 
granted, and how to taife the reft was no finall Dif- 
ficulty ; After many Debates and Conliiltations, the 
Houle gave into a Frojedl, the Chief Contriver of 
*Afitmw which was Dr. * Chamberlain ; and which at firft 
MoThMid" feem'd calculated only to advance the Landed-Men's 
wife. Intereft, in Oppofition to the growing Power of 
Mone^'d-Men and Ufiirers ; but which, went near 
to rum Publick Credit. Purfiiant to this Proje<9t 
the Commons rcloly'd, Firft, That a Fund rcdeema- 

W I LL I A M /)&(? third. i6s 

able hy Parliament be fettled in a National Land- A. C. 
Bank:, to be raifed by new Subfcriptit^s, Secondly, 169^. 
T/jat no Perfon he concerned in the Banl^ of England, ^f»i/ O-r/N*^ 
in the National Land-Bank at the fame time. Third- A Lank- 
ly, That the Duties upon Coals and Culm, and upon Bank $f 
Tunnage of Ships ^ (which by feveral Petitions, and»^^4ooo/. 
other ways the Houfe had found to be grievous to^J.^*^- 
the Peoole) be taken off, from the 17th o/May 1696.^*^^^ ^' 
Fourthly, That for the making up the Sum of lyx^ooo 
Pbundy already voted by the Houfe^ and the Moneys to 
be made Good for /he Duties upon Coals and Culm and 
Tunnage of Ships, refohed to be taken off'^ and for dif^ 
charging what the Duties upon Salt were to anfwer^ 
from the 17th of May 1696. the Sum of !ij'<400ol. 
be raifed upon the faid perpetual Fund^ redeemable Ar 
. Parliamtnt. And at the (ame time, ord^er'd a Bill 
l;o be brought in upon the (aid RefolutiORS. The 
* next day the King went to the Parliament, and ^£ls pMfl^ 
gave his Royal Affent to an AH for impowering his* March/ 
Majefiy to apprehend and detain fufpeBed Per fons, their 
Arms J Hor/esy &C. An AH for continuing feveral Du* 
ties on Wine, Vinegar, Tobacco, Eaft-India Goods, &G, 
An AH far takjng off the Obligation and Incourage* 
me?tt of Coining Guineas, for a certain time. An AH 
for the Relief of poor Prifoners for Debt or Damages. 
An AH for making Navigable the Sjver of Wye and 
Lugg, in the County of Hereford j and feveral other 
private Bills. 

On the 1 2th of March the Commons confider'djooooo /. 
that Part of his Majefty's Speech, at the opening oQrameifftr 
this Parliament, wherein he recommended to them ^^^^ civil 
the Civil Lift, and the diftrcfled French Proteftants,^!^ ; ^nd 
and the Committee of the whole Houfe having fat '5» 000 /or 
feveral times on that Affair, it was at laft relblvM,'^'^'®'^^'* 
t That the Sum of Five Hundred Thoufand Pounds, M^'^r''* 
be granted for defraying the Expences of the Firfli ^^^'^ '7 
and Fifteen Thoufind Pounds for the Relief of the 
latter, which Sums thev t afterwards refolv'd to raife+ Marcf^ 
\)y a DutyJ upon all low Wines and Spirits ^ 5- 
pf the firft Extra6lion, and alio upon all mixc 
Liquors, CQmmonly called Sweets, fqrthe Qjaceot 
five Years, from the (ifth. ot March 1696. And 
^he Conamittee w^io were to pirepare this Bill^ were 

M m m 3 iu- 

i66 the Reign of King 

A. C. inftru6lcd to receive a Claufe, for preferving the 
1 696: Revenue to her Rojal Highnefi the Princefs Anne 
^^Y^\J oi Denmark. 

- The Bill for continuinc ftveral Duties upon Salt, 

fie thi Na' ^^' ^^'^'^"^8 <^ff *<>^ ^f Tunnage upon Ships, and 
fionatLand ^P^^ Coals, and for eftablifhing a National Land^ 
Bank, Bank^ having been read a Second time j the Com- 
• M4rch niittee of the whole Houfe to whoni it was com- 
If. mitted * were inftrufled to reftrain the Bank, net ta 

lend Money ^ but upon Land Security^ or to the Go-» 
^mernment into the Exchequer ; and to receive a Claufe^ 
that if the Money did not come in by a certain timcj 
his Majcfty be enabled to borrow the fame. The next 
day the Bank of England prefented a Petition a* 
gainft this Bill, and were aherwards, by Order of 
the Houfe, heard by their Council, out without 
Succels ; fo that the Houfe went on with the Bill 
t April 9. and refblv'd, t Firft, That towards the Supply to 
be granted to his Majeily,for makinc up the Fund 
of Intereft of 1564000 1, the Cap?tal Stock of the 
intended National Land-Bank,^ certain Duties upon 
G^^fs- Wares, Stbne and Earthen Bottles, granted 
befbre to the King, for a Term of Years, be grant- 
ed to his Majefty, his Heirs and Succeflbrs.^ Se- 
condly, That a Duty be laid upon Tobacco-Pipcs ; 
and Thirdly, That a further Duty be laid upon all 
Stone and Earthen- Ware ; Which Refblutioos were 
ordered to be infcrted in the Jlill for fettling the Na- 
tional Land-Bank; 
^ABtp»^. On the loth of April the King came to the 
April 10. Houfe ol Lords, and paflfed the ABfor the Continuing j 
Meeting, and Settling of a Parliament^ in Qafi of the 
Dsath or Demife of his Majejty^ his Heirs andSuccef 

(a^ To fori ; and {a) fcveral other A(9:s ; And becaufe his 
»i>, an ' Ma>fty • 

AB for , : ' 


t6 the KJngfeveral l{ates and Duties upon Houfes^ for makjf^ 
go^d f-he Deficiency of Clipped Money ; an ABfor Granting to his 
Maj^Jiy an Additional Duty upon all French Goods ; an AEtfer 
Contiyiuing Four former ASsy for preventing Theft and Hfipina 
Upon the Northern Borders of England ; an AS fir the rai* 
fing the ^^iUti4 for the Tear 1 696. Ant 4^ for regtUsting S- 

WlUhlAU the Third. 167 

leBions of Members to ferve in Parlijnnenty and fir the Prevent-^ 
ing irreguUr Proceedings of Sheriffs and other Officers in the B- 
lehing and H^turninifuch Members. An A£t for continuing fe- 
'veral former ABs, for pumjhing Officers and Soldier s^ whoJhouU 
Mutin/ or Defert, &c. An AH for the Increafe and Incourage^ 
tnent of Seamen. An AH for preventing Frauds^ and regulatinf^ 
Abufes in the Plantation Trade. An Ad: to Incouragc the bring- 
ing Plate into the Mint to bq Coin'd ; and for the further Rp- 
medying the ill State of the Coin, An AH requiring the Pra^ 
Sifers of the Law to tal{e the Oathy and Subfcribe the Deetara- 
tion therein mentiorid. An AH for the I(ePair of the Highw^}^ 
between Wymondham, and Attleborougbj in the. Count} of 
Norfolk i and fever al private AHs. 

Majefty did not give his Royal Affcnt to a BiBfor 
further regulating EleHions of Members to ferve in Parr 
liament^ which nad paft both Hoqfes, it was four^ . .- 
days * after moved, and the Queftion put ia ^P^"'4 
the Houfe of Commons, That whofcver advifed his 
I^afejiy not to give the l{oyal AJfent to that BiS, vpat 
an Enemy to the f^jng and KJngdom- which pa(s*d 
in the Negative, by a Majority oFzip Votes, a? 
gainft 70, who were for the Affirmative. ^^^ ^^ 

On the zyth of the (ame Month the King paft dlyvpril 27. 
the other (b) Bills that were ready for the Royal/bjx&r ' 


.11. ■^ ■ ■;■ I I . 111. M ■ 1 1 — ™erCj I • 

An AS 

for laying feveral Duties upon Low VVineSj or Spirits of the firfi 
ExtraHion^ &C. x. An AH for continuing certain Duties on 
Salt, Glafs'Wares, Stone and Eart/jen Bottles '^ for granting fe'^ 
veral Duties on Tobacdo- Pipes and other Earthen-Ware ; for efia^ 
blijhinga National Land-Bank^ ^ and for talking off the Duties up", 
en Tunnage of Ships, and upon Coals. 3. An AH for ^Urain-^ 
ing Marriages, without Licenfe or Bans. 4. An AH for the het'^ 
t^r Security of the Kjn^s Perfon and Government, y. An AH 
for the more effeHual preventing the Exportation of Woolly ami 
for incouraging the Importation thereof from Ireland. 6. An 
4H for incouraging the Linnen ManufaHure <?/ Ireland. 7. An 
AH for continuing feveral AHs of Parliament therein mention^ 
fd. 8, An AH for talking a99ay the Custom of Wales, which 
hinders Perfons from diffojinz their Perfonal Eflates by their 
Wi^i' ?• ^n AH for the eaje of Jurors^ and better regulating 


i68 The Reign of King 

of Juries] lo. An ASt for the better amending and repairing'- 
the Highvfays^ &c. ii. An ABfor the Encouragement ofCha^ 
ri table Gifts and Difpofitions, I x. An A^ for the Encourage^ 
ment of the Greenland Trade, i j . An AB that the folemn Af 
firmation and Declaration of the People called CJp^^rs, Jhould 
be accepted injiead of an Oath in the ufual Form, And one pri- 
vate AS, 

The Kifig^s Affent ; after which his Majcfty made a Speech 
Sptechto wherein he told both Houfes, 'That they had 
the Parlia'^ (hewn (b great Concern for his Perfon, and[ Zeal 
mtnt. * for his Government ; and had done (6 much for 

* the Prefervation of theone,and for the ftrengthning 

* of the other, by the Good Laws which had been 

* made, and by the Supplies they had provided, 

* for the feveral Occafions of this Year, that the late 

* Defigns of their Enemies were (by the bleffing of 
y\'. *GodJ like to have no other Ene(9:, than to let 

* them fee how firmly his Majefty and his Parlia- 

* ment were united, and to give him this Occafion to 

* acknowledge theit Kindnefi, and to aiTure them oE 

* all the Returns which a Prince could make to his 

* People. And the Neceflity of Affairs requiring his 

* Abfence out of the Kingdom for fome time, he 

* earneftly recommended to him, to be affifting to 
*thofe,whom he fhould leave to adminifter the 

* Government, and that they would be careful in 
ParJia^ * preferving the Publick Peace. Then the Lord 
ffient Keeper, by his Majefty's Command, prorogued the 
froTQgtted. Parliament to the i(5thday oi June next, 

Befides the Bills that were paft this Seflions o£ 
BiBs lop. Parliament, (everai others were begun and loft up-i 


<oool. Ham WiUiams in x lac, II. for what he did as 
for hvoing Shaker of the Houfe of Commons, and for afcer- 
p r/n<<i ti&« taining the Rights and Freedoms of Parliaments. 
la^ days Thirdly^ A Bill for Settling and Regulating the Ea&- 
nus ii the India Trade. Fourthly^ Another to regulate the 
hftParlia. Trade oi Africa. Fifthly, A Bill to confirm the Earl 
wer^ in K, ofTonington's Grant. S'ixthly, Two Bills to veft in 
iill^L the Crown, all Forfeited Eftates in England and Ire- 



VI IhLlAU the Third. U^ 

Und^ and to vacate all Grants made thereof. Se- j^, C. 
venthfy^ A Bill to prevent Stock-jobbiqg ; and 1696. 
Eighhly^ A Bill for preventing Papifts from diun- \^yys^ 
heritio^ their Proteftant Heirs. 

Having taken a full View of this memorable Set 
fion of rarliament, and difpatch'd the important 
Aflairs of State, let us take notice of King VViUiar^% 
pious Endeavours to keep Unity, and Purity of 
Faith ia the Church* The peftilent Seft of the So- Gn'^th of 
cinianSf under the Countenance of the Ad of Tolera- Sodnit- 
ration^ and of the loofe Sentiments of a Court Pre- nifln. 
late concerning the Holy -Tr/»iVjr, had gotten confix 
derable ground in England fince the Revolution ; . 
and being favoured by the Licentioufiiefi of the Prefi, 
(bread daily abroad their contacious Tenets. To 
check their Infolence, the Learned Dr. Sherlock^ Dean 
of St. FauPs, undertook the Vindication of the Or- 
thodox Doif^rine concerning the Trinity ; but be- 
caufe Myfieries of Vaith^ as they are above Rea^n, fo 
they are not to be explained by Reaion, cMe they 
would ceaft to be Myfteries \ it far'd with the Do- .- 
6tor, that whilft he endeavoured to prove three di^ ftn^ 
fiina Perfons^ he proved three diftm&Gods, having cjj^l'^l^ 
aflerted, that there were in the Godhead, Three ^^ j^^ 
Minds ^ Three Beings y and Three Intelligences. This South 0* 
Heterodox Affertion giving the Vnitarians occafion^an^ the 
to triumph, Dr. Sotuh^ one of the Prebends oiVrinity. 
Wefiminfter^ and a Divine of great Parts, elpecial- 
ly for the Pulpit, 'confuted Dr. Sherloct^s new Way 
of Vindicating the Trinity. His Antagonift was 
pot Slent, but by way of Recrimination attempted 
to prove, that Dr. Souths Doftrine favour'd of Sa- 
belUanifin. The Quarrel grew hot, the Difputants 
vented their learn'd Spleen in many a bulfcy Vo- 
lume, aiid either by themfelves, or by their Stiekz 
iers, maintained the War even in the Pulpit. Up-Z>. Sher- 
on Occafion of a Sermon preached at 0;^<»rrf, on thelockV D9^ 
Feaft of St. Simon and Jude in 169^. wherein it was ^'»^ ten* 
aflcrted, that there are three diftinS infinite Minds fi^^^^h 
0r Spirits^ and three individual Subftanoes in theTrinity^ ^^' ^^jj^^^ 
Pr. S^i/fA's Friends t procured the | faid Words tof^/"*: 
be Ccnfured by that.; famous Untverfity, as Falfcy °Nov 2 c 
Jmfiousand Heretical'^ 4if^Mngand contrary uy fhe ,5^^^ ' *' 
X .. • DoSrine 


tbi H9ly 

176 The ReigH cf King 

C. A DoSrine of the Ca^MUl^ Church, dnd efpeciatj to the 
%6^6 DoSrifu of the Church of England, fublickly received^ 
This (blemn Decree being infufficient to compofe 
the Jarrbg Parties ; and the Socinians making no 
finafl adirantage of thefe Differences, the King 
thought it was high time for him to interpofe his Roy.* 
al Authority ; and thereupon as Head of the AngUcam 
Church, he fend * the following EXrefkions to the 
Archbimops and Bi&ops, charging them to (ee 
VvT ^^^ oMerved within their feveral Diocefes : Firft^ 
JjtVViI- ^5 Majefty Commanded, That Ho Preacher in his 
l^Jl? ■ Sermon or Le£ture^fhould prefums to deliver any other 
the Arch* ^^''^^ Mww^niwf the blejfed Tr$mty^ than what %s 
hifhops and^^^*^^^^^ ** ^^ ^^^^ Scriptures^ and is agreeable to the' 
'hree Creeds^ and the Thirty nine Articles of Heligion^ 
IL That in the Explication of this Do£lrine they 
carefully a^oid all new Terms, and confine them- 
ielves t^ fuch Ways of ExpreiCon, as ha^e been 
commonly usM in the Church. III. That care be 
taken in this matter, efpectally to obfenre the jjd 
Canon of ^is Church, which forbids publick Op- 
pofition between Preachers: And that above all 
things they abftain from bitter Inveftives and fcur- 
rilous Language againft all Persons whatsoever.' 
IV. That the foregoing Dire£l:ions be alfo ob* 
ferv'd by thofc who Write any thing concerning 
the laid Do6irine. And becaufe his Majefty did 
allbunderftand that divers Pcrlbns, who were not 
of the Clergy, had of late pretum'd not only to 
difpute ag^inft the Chriftian Faith, concerning the 
Do£brine of the Holy Trinity, but likewife to 
Write and Publifh Books againft the lame, and in- 
duftrioufly fpread them thro' the whole Kingdom, 
contrary to the known Laws eftablifh'd m this 
Realm, his Majefty therefore ftriilly charg'd and 
commanded his Archbifhops and Bifliops, toge- 
ther with all other Means liiitable to their Holy 
Proteflion, to make ufe of their Authoritv ac- 
cording to Law, for the ReprefCng and Reftraitu 
ing ofall fuch exorbitant Practices. Declaring 
that for their Afliftance he would give charge to 
all his Judges, and other Civil Officers, to do their 
I puty in J^ecMtiqg tl^e Laws againft ^11 (uch Per- 

WILLIAM the Thirl 171 

^ (cms, te (liould bjr the(e means gtre occaGon of A. C. 
* Scandal, Difcord and Difturbance in his Church 169^, 

and Kingdom. King W^AWs Enemies have of- 
ten, both in their Speeches and Writings,refle6):ed on 
hx% Government upon the account of the Growth 
of Socinianifm; but with what Juftice, (ufitciently 
appears from thefe Dire6i:ions to bis Bi(hoips : And 
befides, it may be oblerv'd, that Hcrcues have 
been broach'd and propogated under bad and goo4 
Princes indifferently. 

As foon as the ISfews came into Flanders that the j^^pj^„gL 
Cenlpiracy was happily difcover'd, theKii»g fife»Ai^,^*i^ 
and England freed from the ApprehenQons of an In- ^ qj^^ 
vaGon, the Prince of Vaudemont and other Gene-^^i/rwV 
rals, bethought themieives of making an extraordi- March i<; 
nary Bonefire for joy, at the Expence of the French ;(N. SJ 
In order to which having dra^rn together a Body oi 
Troops from ftveral Garrifons, the Eirl of Athlone 
and Lieutenant General Coehorn march'd from Nanmr 
on the I jth of March (N. S.) w^th 4Q Squadrons, 30 
Battallions, if pieces of Cannon and 6 Mortars : 
While the Earl, with the gfcateft part of thefe Forces, 
Inverted Dinam, and kept in that Garrifbn ; the Ingi- 
t)eer advanced with the reft of the Troops, and all d» 
Artillery to Givet^ where the Enemy had laid up a vaft 
Magazine ; and having got his Batteries in readinefi 
bv the 1 6th in the Morning, he began to fire into the 
Town with Bombs and Red hot Bullets, which fet 
both the Forrage and Houfts on Fire. At the lame 
time a Detachment of Soldiers were commanded to 
enter the Town with large Flambeaux in their hands, 
which they performed with great Bravery, firing the* 
Cazems and Granaries where the Oates and other Pro- 
vi&ons lay ; fo that the whole Town and Maga- 
zine were utterly confiimed ; and all this executed ^ . . 
with the inconfiderable lofi of Nine or Ten M^^^^^I^^jj 
Not long after Sir Cloudefty 5W/ (aiPd put ^f ^hc^^^'' - 
Dov^n^y withfcveral Men of War and Bomb.Vcffel$,o^ j^ ** 
?ind being come to Calais, Captain Bembow, not- 
vithftanding the vigorous Oppofition from the Ene- 
mies Boats and halt Gallies, threw between three 
and four hundred Bombs, inoft of which fell in the 
Town, atid among tbSs Embarkations^ and fet fire 
in three or foyt PlaCcs, ahd in fome oft^ie Vcflcls in 

^ 17^ T^e Reign of King 

A. C. thePprt. Tho' the Succefi of this Bombardment 
^6^6. did not anfwcr either the expence or expe6lation of 
LiTV^Jthc Bnglijh^ yet the damage was not (b inconfidera- 
ble as the French gave it out, it being certain that fe- 
veral Houfts were burnt and (poil'd, befides the 
Church and Convent, and fome part of the Cazerns: 
And 'tis remarkable, that the French have raised a 
Croft and Oratory near a Shell, which to this day 
fticks in the Market-place at Calais^ where they on 
ten pray againft the fury of EngUfb Bombs, ^nd which 
is no left a Monument of their Deliverance, than of 
their Fears, 
Thi Vintti^ On the nth of April Signior Soran7[o and Signior 
Mn Arnksf^Vemer, Ambaffadors extraordinary from the State of 
Mori in y^iccy arriv'd in London^ add on the x8th of the 
Ei^fl^na. fame Month, made their publick Entr;^, attended by 
a numerous and mofi: iplendid Retinue. On the 
firft of Majf they were admitted to their firfl: publick 
Audience, at which they prefented to the King Seve- 
ral Noble Venetians that accompanied them ; and at 
night they took their leave privately of his M^efty, 
who confer'd the honour of Knighthood on Signior 
Scfans^Oj the eldeft of the Ambauadors, as has been 
pradifed by his Majcfties Royal Predeceflbrs, on 
the like occafions. The (ame Evening his Majefty 
7% L i ^^^^^^'^ ^^ Council, that he had appointed the finic 
junifts P^^^s to adminifter the Government during his 
sppe/ttttd Abfence, who had fb honourablv difchargM that 
j^ty I. Truft the year before. The next day the King went 
^ from Kstifington to Margate^ and on the jd of May 

EmbarkM on Board his Yacht for Holland^ but the 
Wind, which was then at Sout-South Eaft, veering 
in the Evening to the Eaft-ward ; and there being 
an appearance of a Storm, his Majefty came on 
Ihoar again. Two Days after the Wind being more 
Tht King favourable, and the Weather fair, he went on board 
arriites in the Elis[abeth^ Vice Admirable 4y/'«^r Commandef, 
HbUtsd and on the feventh landed (afely at QranicrFolder^ and 
Mdy 7. 17. about Midnight ^rriv'd at the Hame; 
Titles and Beforehis Majefty left England^hc beftow'd Marks 
Places ben of jjjs favour on fevcral Pcrlbns : Among the reft the 
^9Vfd. Lord George Hamilton^ Was created Earl ol Orkney^ 
in the Kingdom of Sc(^//^ff<3f, in confideration of lu$ 

• ^ ' \ wilitaQf. 

WIlLIAM theThirJ. 173 

military Services in Ireland and Flanders. Thtf Lord A. C 
Murray^ Eldeft Son of the Marquifi of Athol^ w^ 1696. 
made t one of the Principal Secretaries of State in \,^yy^\J 
Scotland^ in the room of the Lord Stairs. Sir John 
Lovpthex Was * Created Baro^n Lw/A^r, and Vifcountt Jan- »?• 
Lonfdale ; and t Sir John ThompfonBzroti Haver/ham. ^ May i. 
At the lame time his Majefty conftittited Sir Thomas* ^*'^* 
Littleton one of the Lords Commiffioncrs of the 
Treafury ; CbrOtopher MuJVrave Clerk of the Ordi- 
nance ; and James Lomher Efcj- Clerk of the Delirtf- 
ry of the Ordinance in this Kingdom , and confer'd 
the honour of Knighthhod on Theodore Jan/en, an emi- 
nent Merchant in the City of London^ for the zeal he 
had on all occaGons exprcfiM for his Majefties Go- 
vernment ; particularly in the Bufirtefi of the Bank 
of England. Not long after the Lord Keeper of the * c^^/r 
Great Seal ofEn^land^ or Lord Chancellor, the ^tt- fiongrs f9r* 
fident of the Privy Council, the firft Commiflioner7y.ji^tf ^^ 
of the Trealury or Lord Treafiirer, the 6rft Com- fointed. 
miflioncr of the Admiralty, or Lord Admiral, the 
the Principal Secretaries of State, and the Chancel- 
lor of the Exchequer for the time being ; And the 
Earls of Bridgwater and Tankerville^ Sir Philif Aft^- 
dhoufe ; PVilliam Blaithwait^ John Pollexfen^ John Loclc, 
Abraharn Hill and John Methwen Efqs^ were declar'd 
his Majefties Commiflioners for Encouraging, Em- 
proving and Prote<fiing the Trade, Plantations, 
Manufa£hires and Fifliery of this Kingdom. 
- His moft illuftrious Highnefi the Duke of Glou- j^^ £j^^^ 
cefter^ having been Eledfed into the moft nobleJ-Qouce- 
Order of the Garter, at a Chapter held at Kfnfing' fter made 
ton^ the 6th ol January ^ by the Sovereign of the Ot-Knifht of 
der, and Eleven Knights Companions, and invefted tht Ganer. 
with the Garter aed George, the two principal En- 
figns of the Order, was afterwards on the a4th oiju- 
lyj his Highneffes Birthday Inftall'd at iVindJor^ by. 
the Dukes of Norfoll^ Devon/hire and Shrewsbury^ 
Commiflionated by his Nfajefty for that purpofc. 
His Royal Highneis Prince (jeorge of Denmark,, with 
the Dukes of Southampton and Northumberland^ the- 
Earls of Upchefter and Dorfet, all Knights Compani- 
ons, and an extraordinary concourfe of Perfens^f 
Quality of both Sexes, were prefenc at the Solenint- 


1^4 ^^ Reign of King 

A. C* jy J ^ ^^^ ^^1 magtiiiicently entcrtain'd by her 
1^96. Koyal Highoefs the Princefs Ann of Denmark^. 
IXV^ The Arrival of the Fleet from Cadi:( mider Sir 
TSft lArd George Upoi^e^ who at the firft breaking out of the 
BpMty^t Plot, had Orders fent him to return home, and 
Exf^iftw l^ely came upon the Coaft, towards the latter end 
^ *^^* ot ^friij diflipated the Fears BngUnd was in, left 
the French Fleet from Thoulon {Hould overtake and ru* 
in him. And indeed the French were not far behind : 
for before the Junction of thole Men of War that 
lay in the Downs with (bmeot Sir George^s Squadron, 
and that he could get upon the Coaft of Breji^ in or- 
der to intercept and fight them, they were got (afe 
into that, and the other Neighbouring Ports of 
France. Thereupon Sir George I(oolie left the French 
t May a 3- Coaft, and went into t Torl^aj, trom whence he fct 
June 1 . ^yj f^y London^ to affift at the Admiralty Board ; 
- having reGgnM the Command of the Fleet to the 

t June H-Lord "Rerkley. About three t weeks after his Lord- 
(hip Saird out of Torbay^ fteering his Courfe to- 
wards V[h4nt^ in order to infiilt the Coaft of France. 
On the third of July he commanded the Bur-^ 
fwd and the Nemajile Men of War , with a Fire- 
(hip) to land on the IQand of Qroy ; and at the &me 
time ibme fmall Veflels were lent along the Shoar. 
The next day the Fleet came to aft Anchor about 
two Leagues ofi*Btf//tf-l/?^, and the Barges and Pinna- 
ces were immediately mann'd, and ordered to land 
upon Hcwatj one or the Iflands calPd the Cardinals^ 
wnich they did without aoy oppoGtion, either from 
the Inhabitants, or the Garriibn of the adjacent 
Fort J made themlelves Mafters of the whole Ifland, 
and burnt the Town of Howat. They afterwards did 
the like upon the Ifland of Hodicke. The y th three 
more Engli/h and two Dutch Men of War with the 
Long Boats of divers other Ships, and 700 Soldiers 
and Mariners were fent to joy n the Burford znd Netp- 
caftle at Groy^ who finifh'd what Captain Fifs^-Pasric^ 
bad beam ; having deftroy'd there abaut %o Villa- 
ges, kiil'd and carry ed away ijoo head of black 
Cattle, and Horfes, and taken 20 Boats and finall 
Veffels. While this was doing near Belle Ijle^ Sif 
Martin Bcckptan with the Bomb- Veflels, and a 


WILLIAM th Thirl i7S 

Squadron of Ten Men of War under the Com- A. C. 
xnand of Captain Mces^ * arrived before St. Mar- 1 6^6. 

tins, a Trading and wealthy Town m the Ifle of i^VV 
E(h(^, going in with French Colours, which they took * July y. 
down when they anchored. In the Evening Sir Mar- 
tin Beckpian began the Bombardment, and that 
Night and the next day fir'd about aigo Bombs 
and Carcaffes, with fuch (iiccefi, that the greateft 
and richeft part of the Town was either burnt down, 
or (hatter'd in pieces. By this time the French ha- 
ving (bmewhat recover'd their Surpri2« and Confter- 
nation, brought down Cannon and Mortars to the 
front of the Town towards the Sea, and began to 
6rc upon the Englijh ; who contenting thcmfelves 
with the Mifchiei they have already done to St. Mar^ 
tin, bore away towards Ohnne^ where they had but 
little fuccefi, thro* a miftake of the (ituation of the 

The Frenib were this year pretty even with the DufcartV 
Allies at Sea ; for on the 1 8di of June (Ki S J the fucceff «f 
bold and (amous Du Bart, with 8 Men of War, and Sea. 
^Privateers, fell in with a great Fleet of Dutch Mer- 
chant Ships, bound home from the Sound, under Con- 
voy of fix orfeven Frigates, about fix Leagues off the 
XJlie, and having taken the (aid Frigats, and burnt 
4 ot them, be dedroy'd about 30 ot the Merchant 
Ships, and took feveral of the reft. 

Having difpatch'd Maritime ASairs, let us attend campaign 
King PTtlliam, who by this time had put himfclf at in Flan^ 
the head of the Confederate Forces in Flanders. Tbo' ders in* 
the French took the Field before the Allies, to whom cmfidirom 
they were at firft fuperior in number j yet the latter Wf. 
being foon reinforc'd by the coming upof the Ger- 
wans, and both Armies fiiflkping equally for want of 
Pajr \ the French by realbn of the general Poverty of 
their Kiiigdom, and the Englijh on account of the 
calling in the Money to berecoin*d ; the Generals 
on both fides, fpent the whole Campaign in obferving 
one another, and in endeavouring to poffefi them- 
felves of the moft convenient Camps, for the Sub- 
fiflrence of their indigent Troops. The Streights to 
which the Armies were reduc'd, feem'd to favour 
Moilfieur Calliere's Negotiation^ who before the 

King. . 

, «7& The Reign of King 

A. .6. King anrlvM at the Hague^ was come thither from 
1696. France^ with Propofals towards concluding a general 
iyY'\j Peace, by fettling foch Preliminaries as might be a 
Overtures (ufBcieot^Bafis to ground a Treaty upon. 'Tis ge- 
umards ncrally believ'd that hitherto there was little difpofi- 
Fioce. tion Jn the French Court to a general Peace, where- 
in^ they foreiaw they riiuft ficrifice the Intereft of 
King James, on whofe account chiefly the War was 
undtrtaken and carried on ; But the lofs of Namur^ 
Ca:(ai^ and other Difedvantages, without all doubt 
prevaiPd on his moft Chriftian Majefty to make thofe 
Advances ; and nothing could have delay d them fo 
long, buttbe plaufible hopes of Succels in the intend- 
ed Invafion 01 England^ and that in (iich a favoura- 
ble Conjundure as tbe badnefs of our Coin rendred 
it : Now the former feiling, and England having a 
fair Prolpeft of overcoming all Difficulties in relati- 
on ta the Money, there was no room for a longer 
delay. The King o( France addrefiM himfelf to the 
Dutch, becaufe he fuppos'd that they could not but 
be weary of a tedious War, that had almoft ruin'd 
their Trade; the only Spring of their Riches, and 
Subfiftence ; and would therefore (boner hearken to 
Peace, than either the Emperor, or the King of £w- 
glandj whofe Power and Authority daily cncreas'd, 
at Icaft among their refpe^aive Subjefts, by the con- 
tinuance of the War. It's true the Hollanders^ had 
an abfelute Dependance upon hAsBruanmck^ Majefty, 
not only becaufe he wa6 meir Stadtholder, but alio 
becaufe fince their firft Settlemcnt,they always found 
it, andefteena'd it their Intereft to )ceep clofcly united 
to England, in order to maintain a Ballance between 
the Houfes of Bourbon znd Auftria^ and preferve thcm- 
ftlves from being crulh'dby either ; Yet as the French 
King was at laft refolv'd to acknowledge King ^//i- 
4w»*s Title toth^Crown of England^ fb he believM that 
what Ties foever there might be between his Britan" 
nick Majefty and the Dutch^ the latter would never 
coldly entertain the Propofals which he defign'd to 
make them ^ fince b^ removing this great Obftacle, 
the Way fcem'd to he fair and open to a general 



mhLt AM the Third. 177 

Tlie States oF ftTtj/Z^n J finding by the French Kinc^s A C. 
Propolals, and his Offers to deliver up fo inany Pla- 1 6^6. 
ces, that there was room for an honourable and la- 
fting Peace, made Mbnfieur CailUere a favourable 
Reception ; but yet refused either to grant hini a 
Pafiport, but by the cotKurring allowance of Ring 
VyUliam ; or to treat with him Without the Confent 
of his Britannick Majefty, and their other Allies* 
This was ho more but what Monfieur Cuillieres ex* 

?e6led ; for tho^ at the Treaty df NirHeguen the Erench 
lenipotenriaries found a way to draw the Dutch to 
a Separate Peace, by making them jealous of the 
then Prince of Orange ; yet he was perfwaded that 
the Hollanders were oy this time too lenfible of their 
formef miftake, to futter the French to play the ftme 
Grame over again. However, Monfieur CailUere ha- 
ving pofitive Orders from bis Matter nor to acknow- 
ledge King William^ till he had good alTurances of 
the Peace, he found out an Expedient, which was, 
that the States and he (hould not come to a final Con- 
clufion ; but if they found Rcafbn to agree upon any 
Point, that the fame fhould be communicated to 
their Allies : To this Medium the Dutch readily Con- 
fented ; and amongfl: other Particulars, demanded ai 
Preliminaries of this Treaty the Reftitutfen of JLor- 
fain^ and of the Towns ot Strashurg aW Luxem* 
iurg. Mr. CailUere granted both in his Matter's 
Name, but upon condition, that Lorrain (hould be 
reftor'd to the Duke of that Name, on (iich Terma 
only as had been agreed to at J^imeguen. This wa$ 
oppos'd by the PreGdent Candny who took care of the 
Duke of Lorrain^s Interefts in Holland^ under pre- 
tence that when his Mafter enter *d into the Grand 
Alliance, the Confederates engag'd neVer to con- 
clude a Peace, till he had full fatisfa£):iQn done him ; 
Ui'ging, that if the Duke^s Dominions were not re- 
ttor'd to him but upon the Terms of the Peace of 
Nimeguen^ he (hould rather be a Lo(er than a Gainer 
by the Confederacy, (ince he could have made a 
better Bargain with the French King, before he en- 
tered into the War« But as in mo(t Alliances gredt 
Potentates (cldom regard the Concerns of tho(e Petty 
Priqces they have enga^d in their Q^arr^l, when 

rl n n they 


178 ^^^ Be}gn of King 

A« C tfaeybaveno tnofe needot them ^ fetbe Alli^, af. 
Kjpfi. cer having fpokc once or twice in the Duke ot Ijir- 
^•VV rain's belwlf, thought it not worth their while to ia- 
fift any longer upon that Affair , Tho' Prcfident C4^ 
non cave in fevtral Memorials) which were Ibme 
tiflic backM by the Imperial Minifters ; whole Ma- 
ftcr was defirous to proloftg the Conclufion of the 
Treaty, which would leffcn the Deperidance of the 
Gttman Princes upon hitn. Things being thus far 
advanced on the part of the Duteh^ and the EngUfls 
being rather enclln'd than averfe to a Peace, by rea- 
fon of their great Loffcs ^t Sea, their heavy Taixet 
at home, and the difheartning Profoeit of getting 
nothing by the War : It Wa« agreed on all bandb^ 
thro' the Mediation of the Kttig oiSvndeUy and tfee 
wife Management of the Baron ^ LiUenroot his Afti'^ 
bsiQiMor in IJoiland, that Plenipotentiaries (hould be 
nam'd to bring that to perfe£bion, which ts yet Waa 
only begun. 
Csfhpaign yio make the SfaniarJi the more willing to pui 
inCatalO'^an end to the War, the Duke de yendofinsy who, 
ni* this year, commanded the French Forces in CatjdtmU^ 

refoiv'd to make them feel the power of \xk moft 
Chriftian Majefty's Arms, by attacking them in their 
Camp, near Ofialrick, In order to that,he pafs'd i\tt 
River Ter, and uiKierftanding that the Sfamjh Ca- 
valry comnianded by the Prince ot He^je Darmfiad^y 
* Tu advanced out of the Lin^s to ob^ve him, he 

If sf * '• * fell upon them firft with great Vigour.^ The Spa-' 
niards ieeing none but Horfe appear againfl: them in 
• the beginning, refolutely ftood their ground, and 
forc'd fbme of the French Squadrons to recoil j But 
^hen they faw the number of the Enemy encreafe, 
and a ftrong Body of Infantry come up to lupport 
them, they retreated, in very good order, under 
the Cannon planted on their Lines; where the French 
greedy of Pur(uit,metwithiucha warm Entereain- 
mept, as quickly oblig'd them to retire, in their turo« 
In this Fight, which was the only A<9:ioa worth re- 
mark, that happened this year on this fide, the Spo^ 
niards by their own confeffioo, loft near 300 Men, 
and the French about aoo. 


WILLIAM the TUrl i^0 

The Campaign on the mnne wa^ (HU itidrc incoli^ A. C. 
fidcrable ; indeed the Yrench in the begiimiirg of tiie 1696 
Spring, boafted their paffing that River, and forc'd V>^V^\J 
Prince Lewis of Baden to intrench himfetf, to a^ Campsign 
void an Engagen>ent 5 But now towards the end of*"f^* 
the yeaf, the Prince, in his turn,crofles the {{hine near ^^^^* 
Ment:{, and being pyii*d by the H(5(/w« Troops, ad» 
nances to Kewjladf^ wbef e the French were lb ftrohg* 
ly intrench'd, that all he could do was to Cannonade 
thctti for feveral days. It was at the izmc time fo 
contrived that General Thmgen (hould have pafs^d 
the Hhine-^ not far from Philipsbmrg^ m order to havo 
attacked tie French inthe Rear ; but they having. 00- 
ticeofthatdeffgn, detach'd the Marquis / Vxdlks 
to dtfappoint it ; fo tKat the Germam^ after they bad 
^ feme Booty, and divers Hoflages for Contribu- 
tion, r^paft'd the {{bine towards the begitming 
of QH^dr^ and then march 'd into Wint^ Qyat- 

The main Bufinefs of this year, in rektion to the 
Grand Confederacy, was managed on the fide of hs» 
ly^ ^ During the Winter the Court of France renew'tJ 
their Intreagues with the Duke of Saafoj^ to engage 
him to a ftpatate Peace ; The Pope's Nuncio, and 
the Venetian EnVoy feconded the Defigns of tbrt 
Crov^n, and in his moft Chriftian Majefty's Nanje, 
made fuch laree and advantageous Ofiers to hi^ Roy- 
al Highnefi, ibat he at kft refblv'd to atce|)t thcsr. 
*Tis true he was tyed by his Word awd Honour to 
the Confederates, but now adays the fignification of 
thcfc Terms, atnong Princes, fcems to be reftrain-M 
to Policy and Intereft ; aiftd not to mention the Ek- 
aUlple of his Predeceflbrs, his Royal Hi/$hnefi had 
oft^i (een this Maxim confirmed by. the Pra£l:ice of 
feme of his NeJghbo«rs. ^ But befides, he wanted 
not plaufible Realbns to jufiafie his Condu6i: ; Fof 
tho' England and Holland bad eVer^nfhially paid 
in the Subfidies they had prom^'d him, and e^n 
(bmething more, yet the Emperor and Kittg of ^ain 
WQpe much behind hand in theit Contrlbutibns and 
9%plies. Indeed the Allies AA not fail to aiTure hi^ 
Royal Highnefi that they wouldiprocure him Con^ 
dltions at the seti^r*! TreaQ^^ as mudis if 8ot mord^ 

Nnn 1 advan^ 


i8o The Reign of King 

C. A. advantageous than thofe Fr/r»cf oSer'd him at preient ; 
T 6^6. But tho(e were loofe and didant Promiles \ and thofe 
of hrance certain and at hand ; and (upported befides^ 
by Threats from that Crown, to Inv^^id^^thereftofthe 
Duke's Country next Summer with a formidable 
Army, However, tho' his Royal Highneis urgd 
the Frobability of the Effects of this menace, toju- 
fl-ific his Conduft to the Allies ; Yet 'tis certain 
thiat a ftronger motive inclin'd him to a feparatc 
Peace, and that was the Matching his Eldeft Daugh- 
ter to the Dauphinh Eldeft Son/ It was not fefe to 
conclude this Treaty at 7«ri«, where the Duke was 
narrowly obferv'd by the vigilant Lord Gailwaj ; 
and therefore his Royal Highnefi, to avoid th« pry- 
ing Sagacity of that Minifter, went towards theclofe 
oi the Winter, with a fmall Retinue of his own na* 
ming, to our Lady of Lorei/o, concealing a political 
Journey, under the Pretence of a Religious Vow. 
This gave no fmall Umbrage to the Lord GaBway^ 
who knowing the Prince to be more a Statefman than 
a Bigot, and being refus'd to accompany him, feit 
Spies after his Royal Highnefe : But notwithftanding 
all their watching, they could never get the leaft no- 
tice of the Treaty of Peace which the Duke Sign'd 
^ J^f^^^^J at Loretto^ by the Mediation of the Agents of /^(wie 
clud^^^l and Venfse^ and a private Meffenger from the Maref^ 
tween " ^^^^ ^^ Catinap. By this Treaty the French reftor'd 
France to his Royal Highnefi all the new Conquefts they 
iw^Savoy.had made, as alfo Pi^were?/ demolilhM ; gave him four 
Millions of Livers, towards the Reparation of the 
Damages he had fuftainM during the War ; Engaged 
to afllft him with 8000 Foot and 4000 Horfe, to be 
maintained at the Charge of the King of France \ and 
that a Marriage between the Duke oi Burgundy^ and 
the Princefi, his Royal Highnefs's Daughter, . fhould 
forthwith be treated on, to be confummated as foon 
as thej^ (hould be of Age. As for the Princcfi's Por- 
tion, it was agreed that the Duke (hould give her 
Two hundred thou&nd Crowns of Gold ; toward 
the payment of which , his Royal Higbtiefs 
Was to give a Difcharge for One hundred thonlaQd 
Crowns of Gold which remain'd due by France to 
the Houfe of Savoy^ as part of the Dutche(s Rpyal's 


WILLIAM the Thtr^ i8i 

Portion ; And the Remainder the King of Rrance A. <2, 
promis'd to remit, in confideration of this prefent 1696. 
Treaty ; of which the Pope and Venetians were Gua- 
rantee, and which was (bon after ratified in Erance. 

As foon as his Ro^al Highnefi was returned frona 
horeno^ his cbiefeft Care was to conceal the Engage- 
ment he was lately enter'd into, not only from the 
Minifters and Generals of the Allies, but even from 
his own. The Marquis of St. Thomas was the only 
Pf rfon he had entrufled with this important Negotia- 
tion ; and who^inadifguife^had taken many a Journey 
to Pignerol^ to conter either withCoiint de Thcjfe^ Go- 
vernor of that Place, or with Marefchal dt Catinai, 
who came thither ificognito upon the lame account. 
But becauf^ it is a bard matter for a Minifter of State 
to abfent him(el( from Court, without being mill, 
the Marquis of St. Thomash frequent di(appearing» 
gave no jfmall (iifpicion to the Minifters of the Alli^ 
who c^usM him to be (b diligently obferv'd, that hi^ 
clandeftine Journeys to Pignerol were at Jaft diicove- 
ted. Tho' thi$ was a convincing Proof of the Duke 
of Sdvoy'^s holding Intelligence with the Enemy, yet 
like wi^ Creditors who have to deal with a (lippery 
Debtor, thty managed him very tenderly, and never 
took notice of the matter. Butnot long after his retiin> 
from LorettOy his Britannic^ Majefty, which way I 
know not, having receiv'd Information pf the (epa- 
rate Treaty concluded there, acquainted the Lord 
Gallway with it, who immediately communicated 
this Advice to the other Minifters of the Allies, and 
began his Expoftulations with the Duke of Savo/i 
{hewing him the principal Articles he had concluded 
with trance. His Royal Highiief§ was extreamly 
(urpriz'd at this Difeov^ry, b^t had (li}l recqurfe to 
diilimulation, and infilled upon the Negative, till the 
French advancing to his Auiftance, enabled him to 
throw off all Difguiie without fearing the Refenu 
ment of his Allies, 

Towards the etid of Aio; theMarefchal i^ C^tinat 
Game down from the Mountains of Sfivoj into thQ 
plains of T«r;«,with aq^^rmy of near cooqo Meq,and 
much fwtmot in number to the Confederates;. Thci 
puke Qt Sa^y diflembled ftill, and as if there had 

i8i the Reign of Kiwg 

A. c/ been no intelligence becvreen him and the Cmr% 
I iotf. ^^ fTMce^ under pretence of defending his Places, 
he put all his own Infantry into them, and fent all 
the Confederate Forces to the Camp at MoncalUer^ 
which he Forrified, by drawing a Line from the Do- 
ero to die Bo ;^ in order, as was pretended to (ecqre 
his Capital City againft a Bombardment. 

Of all the OflBcers in the French Army, Monfieur 
ie Catifidt alone was accjuainted with the Treaty, 
whidi occafion'd (bme Dilutes between that Maref- 
chal and the Grand Prior, His Royal Highnels, the 
better to cover his Game, ferit out daily German^T" 
ties to harrafi the French Forragers, which Parties 

fenerally returned with Advantage. This the Grand 
Vior bpre with great impatience, and had ofcen 
degr'd leave of the Mareickal to charge them, but 
had ftitl been denied. PravokM by thefe Refufals, 
stkI afcrribing the General's Conduit either to Timir 
dity. Negligence, or want of Expoptence, in the 
height of nis Zeal for the King of Firance^ Service^ 
heaci^aisted his Majefty with Catinais Proceed- 
ings, in a Lcfter SubftriVd by moft of the other 
Subaltern Generals. His IViajefty finil'd at this In* 
formation, and lent an Anjfwei?, that the Marefchal 
had obeyed his Orders, and that in a {hort time the 
Event would fully juftifie his Conduft. The Grand 
iPrior guefs'd his majefty*s Meaning, ot whieh he 
had no longer Reafon to doubt, when on the f xth 
of July (N, S.) a Truce was concluded on for a 
Month, and afterwards continu'd to the lyth diSep^ 
pmber. His Royal Highnefi endeavour'd to get the 
Conicnt of the Allies to this: Su(penfioft dF Arriis ; 
tut thp- they ftill reftisM it, yet t|jey bdiavM them^ 
felvcs fo as if they had in mtSt accepted it^. Tno 
Duke of Savpy had demanded fe much Time, fha^ 
fii^ might, at leaft with foiat flbcw of Hoi^oar, dif^ 
ingage himftlf finpm his CowfoderaOgs ; for as e«rljr 
tl the Mopth ot June he had be^^un to throw cfff all 
IHiguife, and having communicated to the mmu 
fters of the Allies, the Fl^opofi^s riiat iVmce nkide" 
kjin, and reinrefented thd-wift ^kiperfority. of chef 
'^ncniies Armyj he ingettuoofly tDfWii'd \m taclina^ 
IIp^ ?9 awpt th?», pallMtWgt iii« Pwiachx>f tb« 

i s . 

W IlLl AM fhcThirJ. 183 

Treaty of Coofederacy,withftveralplaufiblcReafons, C. A* 
, Moreover, he wrote to tnoft of the Potoitates con- 1 696. 
cern'd in rhe Grand Alliance, to ask their Confent, 
-but tho' cverj one of them did pofitively refufe it; vet 
his Royal Highncfi did not ftop here, but Signed a- 
new openly on Aygujl aj. the Treaty he had fe- 
cretly cpncluded fome Months before. The Allien 
pn their part,left nonieans untry'd to bring hira back 
U> their Infereft : They made hm Offers more ad- 
vantageous than the former, and Count MausfiplJ^ 
whom the Emperor had fent Exprefi on this Ua- 
portant ASair, proposed by way of Counter-lure, a 
Matjch between the King of the I{pm^nsf and the 
Princcfs of Savoy, with an Augmentation both of 
Troops and Subfidies. But all his natural Eloquence, 
whioh he exerted on this occafion, was fpent to no 
purpofe ; and the Duke rem^atpM firni in his former 
Engagement. Prince Eugene who cooimanded the 
Jmixrial Troops, tho' nearly related co the Duke pf 
Ssvcy^ was extremely piqu'd at this wexpc(9£d 
change; and Prince Owwwr^Ti * youthofaviolenic 
Spirit was lo highly provok'd by k, that be i&xt ^ 
Challenge tq the Duke. His Royal Highnefi who 
yieldi tp no Man in Point of Cqurafte, would hay^ 
.met him with Sword in Hand, but Wias, with much 
i^dojprcventpd bylcwpeiorf bis Couriif r$,whohaw^et^ 
io be informM ot the Challenge. This Qyarrcl was 
ibon after made up, and rbefc two Princes parted 
very good Friends. In rhis interval the French tip- 
ftagca.for the Treaty, to wit, the Count J^ Jheffe^ 
and the Marquis de Boufde ^rxiv'd at Turin, witl^ 
magiuBcent Equipages, and at the fagie tkf^ tj^c 
Count de Tma^ and the Marquis i' Atx were ftnt 
hyhk Royal Highnefito Mqnfieutr Cmnat'^C^j^p^ 
I^KMK the £uxie accouxtf:. 

<3lne of the chief Reafons which made the Puke pf 
SavfiSfC^tiCGil his feparate Peace witWo 0iU(^ preciap- 
ikia, was ihis jdefiga jof fettiingin <the i^eni^ainiog p^^t of 
ithe Sub&fies due to hiin&oin tbie Confedcr^i?^. He 
wras paittii:uiar}yiiifi]irQa^<i.of a coofiderable Remift- 
itaBce irom Er^land to GerM, svhidh be ^Q\^i (aia 
^are had in hispwn Coiersj, t:^ die prudj^Qt I^ord 

Nab 4 W'l^ 


A. C. with his Royal Highnefi's new Engagement, hU 
1696. LorcMhip ftopt that Money, of which he afterwards 
made ufe in the Milane:{e^ for the Payment of the 
Troops under his Command, and oi fome Bavaria 
ans and Brandcnburghersy whom he took into his 
'firitannick, Majcfty's Service. It is reported, that 
fome of the Subaltern Generals of the Allies form'd 
a Defign to Sei^^e on the City of Turin , o£ 
which they Were already in Poflelfion ; and at the 
ftme time to (ecure thePerfon of his Royal Highne^, 
in order to force him to break with France, His 
Highnefi was informed of it, but feem'd little to 
mind or fear it ; for tho' be durft not go to the Camp 
^t Montcallier^' yet he pafi'd and repafi'd daily by thp 
Spanifl) an4 German Guard, as be went out of Turin^ 
and often viewed their Incampment on the Glacis 
dFthat City. After all, fuch an Enterprize might 
cafily have been put in Execution, j)ut to go thro* 
with It would have been almoft impoiSble ; con(i« 
derinp the Weaknefi of the Confederates, and the 
Strength of the FrewA, who by the help of the In- 
habitants, and his Royal Highnefi's Troops, would 
?uickly have made themfelves Matters of all the 
laces in Piedmont, and fhamefully turn out the In- 
truders : A"<1 indeed this foolifli Proje£): was difciain- 
fcUy rejefted by the Lord Gallway^ and the other 
Generals in chief, who had more Wiftiom than to 
violate the Rights of Sovereignty in fo unwarranta- 
ble a manner. 

When the News of tfaefe Proceedings reached FUn- 
ders. King VVilliam was cncamp'd at Gemblourj^ 
where Prefident de la Tour^ the Dpke of Savo/s En- 
Voy, notified to him the ftparate Peace his Matter 
had made with the French King, and that the' Foir- 
cesofthe Allies were to depart his Country within 
a limited Time, or be forc'd to it with his Royal 
HighneJfs's Troops, affifted by thofe of France, but 
f hat it was in the Power of the Confederates to make 
a Neutrality, which (hould include all Itaiji within 
the ftme Tkne, The King who was juftly con- 
certfd that the Duke, by Letter, (hould nave excu- 
sed the Matter to the Emperor, King of Sfain, and the 
Electors of Bavaria. und Br4ndeil9irz%js^d nqv to him-r 
Ictfjj rpceiv'4 Copjt deUiTour^s M?ffage with «rear 

• ■» • ■ - ; V. - . • ■ ; ■<'*.[> . • •' • (JoId*[ 

W 1 L L 1 A M fk thirJ. i8f 

Coldnefi, andwitfihis ufualRefervednelsturnMthe A. C.' 
Diftourfe to otlier Subje^s. 1696. 

The King oi France^ in conformity to the Treaty, Vi^YNJ 
made ^ Iblemn Refignation of all manner of Preten- 
tions to Savoy, and the Duke's Territories, whilft 
the Allies began to retire out of a Covratry where 
they -were already look'd upon as Enemies , and^ to 
provide for the Security of the MHaney, which 
the py-ffwcfc Troops in Conjunftion with thole o^ Savoy 
were to attack, to force the Spaniar4s, to accept the 
Neutrality of Ifaiy^ that was offer'd them and the 
reft of the Confederates. His Royal Highnefs fol- 
lowed them clofe, and upon the Expiration of the 
t Truce, he entered the Milane:{e^ at the Head of ^P^ ' ?' 
the French and his own Troops, by virtue ofhisy ^ . 
Commifljon of Qeneralijfimo^ from his moft Chrifti- Sege^'J^ 
an Majelty, and four days after lay'd Siege to Va- ' * 
lentia. Thps bjr an Adventure not to be paralleled 
in Story, the fame General commanded two con- 
tending Armies in one Campaign ; Nay, 'tis remark- 
able, that his Royal Highnefs, before the Allies de- 
parted his Territories, ga^ the Order to them, and 
at the fime time to the French, both Parties acknow- 
ledging him for their Chief A Strain of Policy, unr 
known to his Anceftors, tho' thpy fiiewM then^felves 
unconftant e^ough^ between the Hpufes of Ftancf 
and Auftria, upon feveral bccafions. 

The Siege of Valentia was rather a pqlltical thau 
a formal Attack ; For tho' the Duke of Savoy, who 
had all Honours paid him as GeneraliJJimo, was (or 
making a vigorous Attempt upon the Place, becauf^ 
'twas agreed, that all the Conquefts made on th^ 
Spaniards, (hould remain in his Poffeflion ; yet Mar ^ 
r^lchal Catinat, who had private Orcjers fironi th^ 
King of France not to ooey the Duke any further 
than his Majefty's Intercft feeniM to require it, being 
unwilling to fiiffer a Prince, who had been alrea* 
dy fo troublefome a Ncughbour to France, to en- 
creafe his Power in Italy, Catinat, I fay, prolonged 
this Siege as much as poflible, to give the Allies time 
to come in and accept the Neutrality, which wa? 
rlie main Thing his cloft Chriftian Majefty had in 
vic^. In the mean while the Treaty was agttil 


i^e The Re}gn rf King 

A. C ted on both fides, by the Prince of Fundi for the Em? 

\6q$. P^ror, the Marquis de Legatie:^ on i\it part of the 
' }Spaniardjj the Lord Gallvoay for his BriV4o»ici^ Ma- 
jefty^ and the Marquis oF St, Thomas for che Duke 
of Savoj^ and many Confercncei were held, before 
they (:ouId be brought to any Conclufion. But tho* 
the Savoyards in good earned, and the French in ap- 
pearance, were (b eager to t^tValentid^^tl Carinas^ 
for the Reaibn before mentioned, having form'4 
the Attacks on the ftrongeft fide, and the Garrilbn, 
which confiftcd of near Seven thoufind Men, both 
Gcmuns^ Spaniards and French Proteflants, making aa 
obftinate and ftout Refiftance ; The Befiegers after 
I J Days of open Trenches, and the Lofs of Two 
thou&nd Men, bad made no cooQderable Pror 

greed to. precipitate ftpp, for bad they ftaid a little longer, 
Oft, 7. die great and continual Rains which began to. fall 
f*. S, ^ foQ^ ^s the Treaty was fign'd, would certainly 
have obliged the French to raife the Siege, and for- 
ced his Royal Highnefi to give them Winter Quar- 
ter in Piedmont, By this Treaty it was agreed, 

* That ther,e (houW be a Neutrality, or Sufpenfion 

* of Arms in Italy till a General Peaf e ; That the 

* hnperial and French Troops fliQuld depart out of 

* Italy J and return into their own Countnb. That in 
! lieu of Winter. Qjiarter$, which the Princes of Ita- 

* Jy were otherwife obiig'd to allow the ImperiaUjify 

* they fhould furnilh riiiem wirh 30000.0 Crowns , 

* that is to fay, oac Third before their Retreat, 

* and the remainder at a time prefixed, upon G&r 

* cient Security; An^ th»t as (bona5 ^e hnferid- 

* lijif (bould begin jp march off with fome pSartof 

* their Troops, die Vrtncb prq^ortionaWy (bouU do, 

* the like. Thus, by the fly Intrigiues and «* 
fill Negotiations .9^ France^ wais concludod the 
|>artlcular Peace oi Italy ^ which, withojst douhr, was 
a great ftep towards a fieno'a} gne ; it^rou^ the 
advantage that Court reaped from the foraief ; finne 
by it they not only iaved vaft ^Am» of matysf^ 
but were at Liberty ijoturn their niHajicrfiiis uoim 

• W 

W I LLI A M /J&? ThirJ. x%y 

Forces againft the reft of the Confederates. Indeed A. C 
an Accident which fell out^ not long before, (eem'd 16^6. 
to embroil the Princes ofChriftenoomin newjars,t,/VNi 
and that was the Death of the brave JohnS^bieski^theDestb 
the Third erf" that Name, King of PoUnd^ who de* of the King 
parted thfe Life on the 17th of ?««? rN. SJ of an^Poltnd, 
Apople6Hck Fit, in ihe7oA Yearofhis Age. Hi«J"« '7« 
Deceafe, a5 it ufiially happens in Eleftlve King-^-"^- 
doms, was attended with much ConfuGon among 
his Subje6^s,and great Animofities between the Com. 
petitory oi his Crown, but both were at laft com. 
pos'd thro' the Influence of King H^UUm^ fupporr* 
cd by the never- failing Power of Gold ; as we (hall 
fee in its proper place. 

This Year proved alfo £atal to Mary Anne ofAu- As slfoef 
ftria^ Queen Mother of Sfdin^ who on the 1 7th olthe Q^en 
May CN. S.^ died of a Cancer in her Breaft. Her ^^^f^ ^f 
I>cath was as confidcrablc a Lofi to the Confede^ Spain, 
rates in general, as to^ the Spaniards in particular^ 
con iidering her prevailing influence over the Couiw 
fels of the Latter, to make them take fiich Refelu* 
^ions a^ were conformabltr to the Interefts of the 
common Caufe, She was Daughter to the Emperor 
Ferdinand the Third, was Bom m i$34- and Marri* 
ed in 11S49. to PbiliflV. Kinjg of Spain. 

Whilft thefe things paft abroad, the Parliament y^^P^/^^ 
pf Scotland met at Edinhtrgh^ztid the JLord of Murray, ,^,^0^ ^f 
one of his Majefty's Principal Secretaries of State Scotland 
for that Kingdom, being lately created Earl ol TuU Mtetr, 
fibardine, and appoinred his Majefty's High*Com% S«pt, f . 
mifSoner, his Grace made a Speech to them on the 
Occafion of their Meeting ; as did likewUe the 
Lord V'd^drth, Lord High Chancellor of Scotland. 
•Two davs afiptr the Kinjg's Letter to the Parliament Their pr9n 
was read'; afer, which Committees were appointed, ceedin^s. 
as ttfiial, for the Security of the Kingdom, for Trade 
and cdntroverted Ele^lions ; and then all the Mem- 
bers (ign^d die Afifodation, being the (ame in Sub* 
ftffiicci; as tiiat whichthe Parliament of England bad 
&i:&ribed. The following days they relolved to 
gives Ws Mijefty i Supply of i ^0000 Pouml Scots^ 
to be' raiftd bv a ' Lana«Ce&, ' and an Additional 
l^icf 16, i^t maii^^ming the Standing Forces both 


\%% The 'keign of King 

A. C. by Sea and Lind. And confidering tke Dange? 
1^91$. this Kingdom was in by the late Confpiracy a- 
gainft his Majefty's Perfon and Kingdoms, they 
order'd an J^St to be biought in for fecuring their 
Religion, Lives and Properties, in Cafe his Maje* 
fty would come to an untimely Death ; and ano- 
ther fpr obliging all, in publick Truft, to fign the 
Afibciation. The xoth oiSeptember the Parliament 
read and approved the latter of the (aid Ads, as 
alio their Anlwcrtothe King's Letter; and on the 
afth the Lord GMnmiilioner gave the Royal . Af^ 
lent to the Aft for the Supply, and to fiich other 
Afts as were approved by the Parliament. A 
t Oa. 9. Fortnight after t nis Grace returned to the Parlia-r 
ment, and touched with the Scepter, an AH for the 
Security of the Kingdom ; an AH in favour of Preacher f^ 
4t vacanp Churches J and another in favour of the Vni* 
verjities. Schools and Hoffitals ; an AH for the Levy 
^1000 Men\ an AH againji Protedant Servants in 
ropifli Families ; an AH for better providing of the 
Foor'^ an AH againfi Prophawnefs ; and leveral o« 
ther ASts. A nd on the i ath of QHoher the Parlia^ 
raent was adjourned to the 8th of December fol- 
Afairtof O^^h^ 3°^*^ of Airfjrthe Lord Capel^ Lord Depu-r 
Ireland/ ^^ ^^ Ireland^ expir'd after a long Sicknefi ; where- 
7ht Lord upou the CQuncil, in purfcance of an A6t made in 
Deputy the 33d Year of King Henry VIII. elefted the Lord 
dies, and Chancellor Porter^ tabe Lord^uftice and Chief Go- 
0Mtber put vemor of that Kingdom, till his Majefty's Pleaftre 
^n hit was known. On the 2.7th oijune ine Iri/fo Parlia- 
p^aft. merit met at Dublin^ according to their laft Adjourn- 
ment. In the Lords Houfe the King^s Conamiffion 
was read, appointing the Lord Chief Juftice Haly 
to be their Speaker, who beinjg Sworn, a motion 
yras made and unanimoufly agreed to, that the. 
whole Houfe, wirh their Speaker, (hould wait U]K>a 
the Lord Juftice Porter, to congratulate bis. being 
plac'd in the Government. The Commote at the 
feme time, having lirft expelled Mr. Sander/on, the 
only Member of their Houle.that had not (igned 
the Aflbciation, made the fame unanimous vote, 
and in the AfcernQQ)i both Haules atteaded the L^rd^ 

" '" ■ lufticc. 

VJlhLl AM the ThirJ. 189 

Jufticc, and then adjourn'd tb the 4th of Auguff ; A. C. 
upon which Day Sir Charles Porter Lord Ghanceilof, 1 696. 
and the Carls of Montr ath and Drogheda^ lately ap- K^y>r\J 
pointed Lords Juftices and Gener^ Governors ohhreeLorj, 
Ireland fignificd his Majefty's Pleafiire to the Vat^J^ft'^^f of 
liament^ that they fliould further Adjourn them-I'^^and 
fflves. A$ for the Lords Juftices of England they W<»'»^''^* 
did little during his Majefty's ablfence, befides 
ifluing Proclamations, and Orders, for appointing a PratWi>^/ 
Faft 5 for the Currency of (ome Species, the Relief «/ the 
of the Poor, the apprehending of ftveral Clippers^Lar^x ju^ 
and preventing the Exportation of Coin and Bulli-y^'^-^ •/ 
on ; for reftraining the unwarrantable Praftifes of E^fi^^^^d. 
Privateers and Pirates; and one in particular for 
apprehending the famous Sea- Robber Henry Every ^ 
and his Crew, who had committed feveral Depre- 
dations in the Seas of India or Perjia^ to the great 
.Prejudice otthe Eajl- India Company; and laftly, 
ior tne Execution of the lace Aft of Parliament for 
the encreafe and encouragement of Seamen, 

King iVlUlam being weary of a Campaign that /IT. VVil- 
aflforded him no Opportunity for Aftion, left the Ham. 
Army towards the latter end o^AuguJi^ under thc^*'*'^^' ^^^ 
Command of the Eleftor of Bavaria^ and weiit to ^^y- 
his ufiial Diverfion of Stag-Hunting about his Roy-^"& ^^' 
al Palaces ol Bier en and Oo. On the i4thof5tf/>. * 
tember his Majefty fet out from this lad Pkee, ac- 
companied by the Duke of :{ell^ (a Prince whom he 
ever refpefted as a Farther, and lov'd as a Bofom 
Friend) and the next day went to Clevcsl where he ^e gas t$ 
was magnificently entertain'd by the Court of Bran-Citvts. 
denburghy who were come thither on purpofe to 
receive his ViGt. ^ Having (pent two days at this a- 
greeable Place, his Majelly and his dear Compa- 
nion the Duke of ;^<?//, went back to Loo^ where 
three days after he was followed by the Eleftoral 
Prince of Brandenburgh^ in return ot his Majefty's 
Vifit at that Court. Having ftaid three Weeks 
longer at this Place, h is Majefty went to the Hague^ 
and on the 14th of OBober (N. S.) embark'd on 
board the WlUlam and Mary Yatchr, attended y^yfl^ ^^nds in 
ieveral other Yatchts, and a Squadron of Men of ?"J^*?^* 
War under the Command of Vice Admiral Aylmery^'^' 


1 90 the Reign of King 

A. C Two days alter his Majefty landed at Margate, and 

t6^6, arrtv*d the lame livening at Ksnlimton, where on 

\^'>'Y\j the 8th of the lame Month (O. S J the Lord Ma^- 

or and Court of Aldermen ofLcndon, attended hits 

Majefty, and Mr. Recorder, in. the name of the Ci- 

He is com. ty, ' Did Congratulate his Majefty's fife return, and 

fUmented * gave him their hearty Thanks tof his Princely 

hthtCity.^Coxc and indefatigable Pains for the firfctf of his 

Oa. 8. * own Kingdoms, and the fecurity of Qwiflfcndom ; 

' with the humble affurance of the City's (inceref 

* AfFe<£lion and conftanr Loyalty, whkh they would 

* upon all Occafions effectually demonftrate to the 
*utmoft of their Power. Mis Majefty receiy'd 
their Complement very gracioufly, and on that Oc- 
cafion conferr'd the Honour or Km^thood upon 
^ohn Johnfon Efq; one of the Aldermen, and up- 
on John VVolfe, and Samuel Blewet^ Enquires, the pre* 
lent Sheriffs. Six days after his Majefty nam*dDn 

- John iVlttiams Reftor of St. MiUreds Pottlny in Lon- 
don, to the Biihoprick of Chkhefter^ vacant by the 
Death of Dr. B^bert Grove. 
thi Parli* '^^^ Parliament of Enpand^ after fev^al Proro- 
* gattons, being met at M^fiminfter on the xoth ot 
O&ober, the King told both Houles^ ^ That he had 
called them together as (bon as was pofCbie, ^d 
he thought it a great Happineis that this Year had 
pafied without any Diiadvantage Abroad, or Di(l 
order at Home ; confidering their great Di&ppoint* 
ment in the Funds given at their laft Meeting, 
and the Difficulties wnich had arifen uptm the re« 
coining of the Moneys which was (o convincing a 
Proot of the good Difpofidonof hisAnny, and of 
the fteddy Aflfe£bions of his People, that he could 
not but take notice of it, with great Satis&£irion. 
' Our Enemies, contiued He, have not bc«i' vrtth* 
out Hopes, that (uch a Conjun£lure might have 
proved fatal to Us: but as they have fail'd in thofe 
Expe'(5):ations, fb 1 am fully perfwaded that your 
Unanimous Proceedings in this Seflion, will make 
them for ever defpair of an Advantage bom a- 
ny Difagreement among our (elves. It nfuft be 
Confeft, that the Bufinefi which you haire before 

* you is very ^cat, becaufe of Ae NeceiCty of Sup- 



oa. 20. 

Tht King^s 
Speech t$ 
ioth HoufcJ 

William the third. 191 

plyiM former Deficiencie), as well as niaking A. C 
ProvijUons for the next Year's Service, And up- 16^6. 
on this Occafion it is fit for me to acquaint you, 
that tome Overtures have been made tn order to 
the entring upon a Negociation for a Getieral 
Pea^c : But, I am fore, We (hall all agree in O- 
pirnon, T&jf the wily i^Ay tf TrcAting xoith France^ 
u with eur Swdrds in oar Handsy and that we cam 
l^ve n6 fyafon ro exfeB a Safe and Homwrabk Peace^ 
hut by Jhewing (furfilves frepar^d te make a vigorous 
*nd effeStual War : In order to which, I do eamcft- 
I7 fecommend to you, Gentlenaen oi the Houfe 
of Commons, thai jou would confiderof raifing 
the necefiary Supplies, as well for ftiaintaine the 
Honour or Parliaments^ in making good the 
I^unds already granted, as fof carrying on the 
War the next Year ; which, I think, ought not to - 
be lefs than what was intended to be raisM ht 
that purpofe the laft Seifion. I mud aUb put yoU 
in mmd of the Civil Lift, which cannot be fop- 
ported without your Help ; and the mifcrable 
Condition of the Jbench Proteftants does oblige me 
to memiofi them to you again. 
In the CcKiclufion his Majefty addrefi: himself to 
both Houfcs, telling them, ' That it might defcrve 
their Coofideration whether there did not ftill 
remain (bmc Inconrenicrtcies relating to the Coin, 
which ought to be remedied ; that he hop'd tfaey 
would find out the beft Expedients for the ^o- 
very cf Credit^ which was abfolutely neceflSiy, not 
only tvitb rtfoeft to the War, but for carrying on 
of Trade ; that he was of Opinbn, that there 
Was not one good Ungliflman^ who was not en^ 
tirely convinced, how mucKidid depend upon this 
Seilion : And tlwrefore he could not but hope for 
their Unanimit3r and Difpatch in their Reiblutions ; 
which, at this time, were more neceiSary tlKUi e« 
ver, for the Safety and Honour of England. 
The Conunons having appointed the fitting of 
of the Grand Committees tor Religion, Trade, 
Grievaaces, Courts of Juitice, smd Privileges, and 
Ele^Hons, made an Unanimous Vote, That they would 

' fuffort 


drefs t$ the, 
the King 

19^ The keign of Kin^ 

C. A. fuppori his Majefty and his Government againB alt his 
1^96. Enemies^ both at Home and Abroad ; and that thd 
V^OO^ w»«W ejfeBuaUy aj/iji him in the Profecution of the 
frtfent War againfi France ; which were communi- 
cated to the King id an Addrefi drawn up, by 
their Order, by Mr. Montague Chancellor of the 
toa. as-Excheauer, andprefented t to his Majcfty by the 
whole Houfe. In this Addrefi the Commons took 
The Cmm notice to hts Majefty, ' That this Was the Eight 

aj * Y^j. jj^ which they had afllfted him with large 

Supplies for tarrying on a juft and nedcflary War, 
in Defence of their Religion, Prelervration oftheii' 
Laws, and Vindication of the Rights and Liber- 
ties of the People of England ; which they had hi* 
thdrto prefirv'd, and by the BlciCng or God on 
his Maiefly's Conduit and good Government, 
would ftedfaftly maintain, and entail on their Po- 
fterity. That this had coft the Nation much 
Blood and Treafure, but the hopes of accom- 
plishing (b great and fb glorious a Wdrk, had 
made hisSuDJe<9:s chearfully (iipport the Charge. 
And to fliew to his Majefty, and all Chriftendom, 
That the Commons of England would not be a- 
mufed or diverted from their firm Relblutions of. 
obtaining by War, a Safe and Honourable Peace, 
they did, in the Name of thofe they did repreferit, 
renew their AfTurances to his Majefty, that this 
Houfe would Support him and his Governmdit 
againft all his Enemies, both at Home and A- 
broad ^ and effcftuallj^ aflift him in the carrying 
on the preftnt War againft Fmwc^. Upon this Oc- 
Jf/V Af4> ^^^°" ^^^ ^^"8 ^^^^ them, * That the Continuance^ 
6Us Afh ' of their Zeal and Affe6lion was the thing of the 

* World he valued moft ; and that he would make 

* their Good, and the Safety of the Nation, the| 

* Principal Care of his Life* Thele Afluranccs of 
AfFe6iion on the one fide, of Loyalty on the other, 
and of mutual Confidence on both, being over, the 
Commons enter'd with great; Alacrity upon the 
three great Af&irs, that had been recommended to^ 
them From the Throne, to wit, the further I(emedjh 
ing the ill State of the Coin j the Providing a SufflJ 

fiUs Art' 

WILLIAM the Thirl i9i 

for the next Tsar's Service ; and the rejloring ofPuh- A. C. 
lick.. Credit^ all which had fuch a near depcndance 169(5. 
one upon the pther, thsit they made a Compound \j^^^i 
of thiree great Difficulties. 

In order to remove the firlt and the. laft, the 
Commons reiblved. That they would not alter the The ill 
Standard of Cold or Silver^ in Finenefsj PVeight or Pe^ State if tBe 
nomination ; and that they would make good all Par- ^^'* f^'' 
iiamefUary Funds,, fince his Majeftyt Atceffion to the^^^J'^^* 
Crown ^ that had been made Credits for Loans from . 
the SubjeBs ; And becaufe the Circulation of Gui- 
neas was obftrufbd, both for the Reafbns I have 
alreafly mention'd , and bccaufe of the hSt 
made the laft SeiTion to take off the Obligation of 
Coining Gold, a Bill f was ordei^d to be brought xq^^^; 
in for the giving leave to import Guineas, and to Coin 
Gold at the Mint. Not many * days after two o- ♦ OS. aS^ 
ther. Bills were likewife order'd to tie prepar'd» one 
for phe further remedying the ill State of the Coin^ 
and the other ^ for incouraging the bringing Plate into 
the Mints to be coined, which laft contained thefe 
'kjelblutions, Firft, That all the HammerU Silver-Mor 
ney «^ the Kjngdom^ fkould go in Payment by IVeight 
only, at the rate of Five Shillings two Pence ^r ' 
Ounce. Secondly , That until the firft day (if 
January next, aH the Hammered Silver- Money be re^ . 
oeived at the feveral, Mints, and by all his Majefiy\i \ 
polte^ors, and Heceiixers of Taxes and Hffvenues, at the ^ 
rate of Five Shillings pet Ounce '^ and. Thirdly, Tbait / 
the like Allov^nce he given for all the f aid Hamm^r^d 
Money advanced upon Loans to bis Majefty, and far 
/ill, wrought Sterling Plate which (houldbe brought into 
the Mit^tsto bejpined,^ before the faid firft day <^f Ja^ 
.to pen 

al Affent. .... , 

his ^iajejfty did alio conffirm an AB to explain 

f4rt of the AS faffed the laft Seffion of Parlia^ 
ment^, (for layingfeveral busies on low fVlnes^ and Sfi^ 
tits of the firft ExtrdSion, and f0K preventing the 
Frauds and Abufet ofBrerpers, Diftillers, and otfxr Per%^ 
font chargeable with the Duties of Excife ) which ^ 

O • relates 

194 ^-^^ ^^^?*^ ^f ^^% 

A. C. relates to the Pajmeht of Tdlfies^ dhd tU inter eji 

'ixJptf. ihereijf. 

Kj^rfSJ Ais for the '^^/y, the Gbmn'iOfis having confiier* 
fttfiyfi Bf ri thp State 6rth^ Wrfr for the Year l6$^. both 
thejuppij. In Relation to the Navy and Lmd Fohres, ^iih 
1372197 /*at thiir deGre, his Majefty ordered to be laid bc- 
tramtd (^^Q ti^^n,^ tlj«^ grantM the Survi 6t Tfro'MJHI- 

F^' ,ons three hiindred (ev^Wy two thoufetid 6tie Hbh*- 

f f^;Ji/"1 dr^ riinety • fev^tt Pounds for ' the ^airitettihtt - ^ 
hrf^ Ferry Thoufiiid Seamen, artd of the fwo Mitirtfe 
L#ii^- Regiments • ahd For the OrWittafy of thle hav^, ***8 
Jf (»rtf^/. the Charge ^t the • Regifter y of S^aitteh ; A ttd Afe 
Nov. 4. Sum of 4j'b7dSx /. both for tbeMaititaiha%'^8t%4b 
Men, whiih ifecording to the Lift *f'lhc I^aiitf- 
^orccs dellv^mi ifttvj the= Hbufe, they voWdrfttcit 
fiiy to be ^mptey 'd in Bmlahd -^fldbeyorftd rtie 8W« ; 
and for theExiraordifidry Servient)? the Office rfO¥- 
^inanct, the Rdybf the General Oi(ficcr«;.a^d'Afe 
Charge of the Trui!i(fi>()rtsvHo(pitals, ahdothWGi)il- 
* And tiiqicncies of thieWay . Befidfei whidi^tbey Hket^vatdk 
Misooo /.voted a Soppfyof'idyiooo Pouhds iforniifciri)g^g^^ 
ttwsrds the Ac DifideftcylnJlRfecoihing Hyita^m^r'd Mopiy-, ^mi 
R^eoining tfe^ Rccxtaipeftcfe to begiVretaforbiftiigittg P^tte%^. 
?^*^«7. tb.thc Miflt»ttJ*fe Coiti^. 
«c. uec. fp^ ^jj^g ^^ g^^j ; gfaftted fdt ttte Pi^cfttiort bf 

iVsysMd ^^ War^ AeOonirtitons hadrecburle td'thc'i^^ 

a/mw/ to ^'J*l ^f ^^^ ImpoTitioiis, W v^it, ^ Giftitf aF jCijjs^iitt-- 

r»ifetb4 ^ion or P»*.T4x ; hying a Dukytopbn ill Pei-fetWf, 

fuppfy. flccor<lit)g to the xttse Vatee of thrfr )reit\ attd * peri 

^ t.CspitM. fonal E(&tci5/ftirfeliiom,5Etrti)tdyte6Wt$, ot btfeer- 

' tm^Tsx. SWfc : io that tt^Ae were e^tart^tftotti that T*Xi 

Dec. 12. bat Tuch i^.rttelV'y Alms; a^it Ite ftta^ A%y 

laid Thret SWtlings in the Poiirit! ttjpoh tAWd. Vi- 

•Jan. ji. bbut a * Pbrtnight after th«y 'itfc^^ thiiVY!d^a1*i 

. Levying the 1 aj^dro P6ittft!$ f6^ Waking ^Mdd *€ 

Deficiency in m6iiifcg ibe-Mcihify/SWd^tfte^R^ 

«odbp^nce to be^^iveti for' tt^ihgS)! ^ in PJfte !hto 

*« Mints to be' c6ki% a^Dtfty 6* Sr* FtoiWe ^a- 

Ounce be laid cqx^n all Pike {hat Bio£iid Hot be 

brought in ; iiic^a. Daty 6f IVgttty Pidii\id pr etnt, 

i^xm all Papier, Paflboardi, VtihMn im^ mcbid&nt 

imjiortd s tod SevefateeslPMnd T^Sbtifiitt^b)^ 

W tLti AU the fhii-^i i^f 

bh the ^tneGobds tnade iri thii Kingdoni, oi^ in k.Ci 
Btock^ for the t^rm of v^o Yeai-s. i <J9^. 

Tbe prihdpil Difficult/ thi$ Parliament had to v>VNi/ 
ftrugglc with, was thelbfs of Publick Credit. Forcrej^ 

the Tallies ftruck or Funds fettled by Parliateent,Mi*^V-'* 
eQ}ecially ftch as were remote, were exclaanged For ^ht mtUn 
i-iady Monw, at a mighty loftj and the Govern- J^ ^'y*? 
tolcnt was obliged to makfe excefllve Difcpunts and f/^^lJl^ 
Ajiowances to bring Treafure into the Exchequer, ^^^^^.^ . 
This great Lofi of Credit, Which Was like to prove 
fatal tb our Affairs abroad the laft Summer^ aro(e 
chiefly from two Springs. Firft, The Deficiencies of 
PaHiamentary Funds, particularly the unhappy Pro* 
jeSt iii the Land-Buhk. which proved whbUy abor- 
tive, and dM not producfe one Penny, of above twa 
MiUiohs and a b^, with which h was charged : 
Secondly! The fecoining df bur Silver: The firit 
treated Truft) and thb latter deftroy'd it, by making 
Mobey to be very Icirce. 'Tis cafic to imagine 
vAxax pinehmg Circumftances the Nation was in i 
Ivimitfae Notes of the Bank ;of England^ which had 
been a mighty help to the PublicK^ were difcounc* 
cd at Twcniv, dnd Tallies at Forty, Fifty or Sixty 

gCtnt. The Government had contracted a great 
bt; fome Funds wA-e wholly takeri away* and 
rtte reft proved Deficiient ; great Number* of Tal- 
lies were on Finds vcrj remotfe^ and many had no 
Funds at dlL Hereby the Truft and gobd Opinion 
of xht People were lo far loft^ that tnofc few. whd 
had any Money tfJ lend, ftfcw'd the greateft Back- 
lir&fdtiim imaghiable to bring it into the Bxch^ueri 
when they could' Stock-jobb it to (b. great Advant 
tage upon the Hfydl- Exchange ; and therefore all 
Loans to the GoVertiitient Were procured on es^ 
orbitant Preniiidihs. 

All Meti were at ^ Gaze, and flood wohderingl 
ifrhat Meafur^s the PafHafaicnt would take in fuctt 
p'erplejting Difficulties; icarce believing. that thef 
Wit of Man w^ aUe^tb find out any Expcdteitt 
that could be effedtial in recovering fe gteata Mi^ 
chf^f. The Enhnie^ of th^ Goveiiiment had nbW 
the Satisfaaibti to fee h fufBciditly dififefied ; it 
not i^iii froillbib that ctttr Affinrs coti^ be diore 

O 6 6 ar 

" 1^6 the Reign if KiHg 

A, C. cttbaifaflcd than they were at thb Juflfture. And 
1^96. as the wifeft Men without doors were at their Wit» 
end how to cure this Evil, (b the Maleconteots con- 
cluded^ that it would never be cur'd ; and therefore 
gave the Government up as defperate and triumphed 
m the Expe£tation of a (iidden Revolution. But 
this Parliament, which was principally animated 
by the Wifdom, Sagacity , and Eloquence of 
* Nom horimx: Montague * Chancellor of the Eccheqtier, 
Hallifax. being fully convinced that the Reftoration of pub. 
lick Credit, was a Point of capital Importance, in. 
ftead of being difcourag'd by the Dimctilty of cf- 
f e&ing it, they were rather excited to undertake the 
Work with greater Zeal and Application : As if 
they look'd on nothing which was n€0c0ary topre* 
ferve their Country, to be impoffibk. They 
were made (enfible, that one great Spring of this 
Mifchief, as was mentioned before, was the De- 
ficiencies of ieveral Aids and Duties, which neither 
had been,- nor ever would be (ufficiei!t to anlwer 
the Principal and Intereft charg'd upon them ; and 
that thefe Deficiencies, and the Remoteness of thtf 
Courfe of Payments, were the true Rcafons why the 
Owners of fiich Tallies were frequenly neceffitated 
for the procuring of ready Money, to difp(^ of 
them at a great Lois ; by which means the Publick 
Credit was extreamly weakened, Commerce inter- 
rupted, and other publick and private Affairs ex- 
ceedingly perplcx'd. 

To Cure tnis grievous Wound, which began to 

^^Y''^^^' ulcerate and eat into the very Heart of the Govern- 

cUmmms ^^^^ ^^^ Houfe of Commons on the a jch of No- 

« f£OTw# '^^^^i came to a Refblution, That a Stiffly be grants 

thatEviL ^ ^^ bis^Majefty to make ^ood the Deficiency i of Bar lU 

' amentary Funds \ and afterwards orderM aneftimate 

to belaid before them of what Sums were, or would 

be wanting to fatifie anddilcbarge all Principal and 

Dtfieii^ Intereft due, or to become due on thd ieveral Aids^ 

¥unds inm Duties or Funds, over and above all Arrears j ftand- 

f Hired in^ j^g ^^ upon them which were determin't! ; and bc- 

'^' fides ull Monies to. be raised by fiicb a»were then 

unexpired ; juid the Com^tacion pi all tHat parti-* 

cttkur Sttiat that were wanting to nuke good aJJi the 

W I L L I A M /i&tf thirl 197 

deficient Funds being made, the whole amounted A. C. 
to"^ Five Millions one hundred and fixty Thoufand \6^. 
four hundred Pounds. Having now got to the hot- 
torn of the Difeafe, they refolv'd on a thorough 
Cure ; For being fenfible that had fome Deficiencies 
been taken Care of, and others negle6):ed, publick 
Credit muft have continued Lame, and the Goveriv 
ment have halted, if it had not fallen to the ground, 
thejr judg'd it of abfolute neceflity to make Pro- 
viuon for the whole ; that io there fliould remain 
no Tally without a Fund, nor any Tally on a Defi- 
cient Fund, but what in its Courfe of Payment 
fhould be ^tisfied and difcharged. In Order to this 
they t cotitinued divers Duties arifing not only by t Nov. 
the Cuftoms ; but by continued and additional Impo* *7- «»^ y 

fitions ; Paper and Parchment : Births, Marriages and*^*^* *♦ 
Burials ; Windows ; the Subfidy of Tunnage and 
Poundage, after the Day on which they would o- 
thcrwife have expir'd, to the Day of -4agi(/? 1706. 
and appointed all the Monies which fliould arifi^ 
and be brought Into his Mojefty's Exchequer from 
any of thelc* Taxes or Duties, from the Day on 
which they were orherwife to expire, to the (aid 
firft Day of Auguft 1 706, to be the General Fund for 
making good aU the Deficient ones, by the Satis* 
fa6fcion and Payment of the Principal and Intereft 
due, or become due thereupon. And that all occa^ ^«/ ^utii* 
fion of Complaint might be removed, and tqusl de d for, 
Provifion made for all, the Parliament direfted that 
all Mohies, arifing from the Duties, fb as before conti- 
nued and appropriated for the general Fund, fhould 
be diftributed and applied to pay Principal an4 
|ntei«efts upon every one of the Deficient Funds, ia 
proportion to the Sum of which they were deficient ; 
and that all the Money which fliiuld be in fuch a 
due Proportion diftributed or placed to the Account 
of each deficient Tax or Fund (or thedifcharge oP 
Principal and Intereft j {faould be paid out to all 
who were intitled to receive the lame, in (uch 
Courfe iand Order as if the (aoie were Monies neally 
arifing by the re(pe<9:ive deficient Funds, and that 
without being diverted, mi^ppiied or poftpM'd ; 
and made the OiHcers oi his. M<ycfty's Tres^ftry 
'"'"' -'' ■ Qoo 5 . Uabie . 


19? Thif R^ig* <sf fing 

A. C. liable to gre^t Penalties in CaJ^ this MetliQ4 W^Q 
1696. not oblervcd. Moreover, to reraove al^ C^bcs ^ 

^^y^ bout the Security intended to be gv^ea^ in Ca^ 011 
the 1 ft of jiuguji 1 706, or >K(ithini tl^ee M^nf^ tt^eo 
next eofiitng, the v^bole Produce of t^e ^eral 
Funds wd Revenues appjropr^ted ^( | gei^^pra^ 
Fund, together with pther Grants (^en m tgp[9g9 
(houkl not be fuf^ient to, difjph^rfie tt^ Si^, qf 
11(0400 Pounds, int^n^led to bp d\fdoi%f;gi^, i\f^ 
then what was deficient (hould be ina/dQ ^0^4 oy t 
pf filch Aids OF Revenues as ihppld be granted m 
the next Seffion or Parliament. Thys the Com- 
nions by an admirable Strode pr W i^opa, as well{ ^ 
a noUe A61 of publick Juftice, pi^oi^id^ ^. fix&clcot 
Security for this great D^bi: tli^i lay heavy ofk the 
Nation, which wa^ all thai; could bi^ dei^j^dedj <fp 

StStcd' at a time when Money yr^s^ QQt it^ bei?^, 
therefore not to be 1^ ad : An4 becaujCb alii the 
^ranches of Publick Credit did plfiiiily oep^^ oi;^ 
and. n^utually fiipport oQe a^o^i^r, the ^arliaoj^ 
took into ConUdera^on, by ^hidi m|»ins tin^y 
ini^ht buoy up the ^nedii of the. Baj^o^ Gnglfi^ 
which was then ready, to finfc. 
t Feb. 3. I^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^^'^ ^^^ Pajdiament t agreed to au§- 
1^97. ' ment the c;QnujiQn Capital Sc>gl^o£the:Bank-Q^£j^ 
7hi Credit land, by admitting new Subfcriptipos.,; whiph.nesgr 
of /j^ BMiiSubuxiptions fiiouldt b^ made gbod in i^^ets ^d 
o/JBnfir Bank, Nofts, The Proportion w^ Fow Fik\^ of 
^^vAreft9^ jhe Firft, and one FJttb. of the laft, aod at), Iv^ 
rtdh enr j-^reft of Eight per Cent. wa§ ^low'd, as well fOT 
SooJoil ^uch Tallies that fhould be broughi: ir> to pi 
pn their ' ^^^^ *^^: ^^ ^ ^^ Subftriptions, a» &r 
Cj^W ?bo^ Tallies which the Company wasitben. IH>^ 
S^tick ; ii»<^(cd b£, provided they did/ wtexceod Ae V5ailup' QJ 
i^ntimirtg thofe Bahk-^^otesf which %)uld/ be paid iQ i^& tbi^ 
/ibf BifwA Ettgrafiment on their Stdclc ; and for fecv^ing tb^ 
#• rAf rr^^r Payment of thi^ Intereft qf Eight /»^r. fouA the Ad^ 
?7?*^- dttional Duty on Salt wak aftcffwa^^sgrai^t^ an4 
appropriated. The tipjeoftthecontinuaact^oCthe 
Bank q£ Br^Und thfey thought bt to extemU tOttW 
Year 1 71 P* and refolv?d Jikavjlle, * Tbajf l;^d^e*thQ 
VClav wcjre.fixfd for the beginning, the ne^s Swt 
f (criptions, tbp old Stqck be pja^dci pro.; H«n(fecd 
ffrCenh and ^h^ whitf. flhoul^ exceed ^hatV^lve 




ky, , WILLIAM, /A^ 7;Wf^< , ifi? 

iUt /houM be 4ivi(Ie<} ainqiui ch^ ol4 M^nbera,; that A> C. 

kCi * aJltftelntcrdt <lue on ttioft. Tallies whiffl mould 1696. 

m * be SuWcrihed into [he Baul^ S^ocltj, at the time ap- U-'Y*^ 

kit ^^* Roipted for Subfcjipcions ftR the eod;of thelaft 

]Bp * receding. QuiJtcr ob cafh Tally) be allQw'd ai 

li]^ * Prir^clpal: That Liberty be.gijte?i by ParliamOBt 

tSf: * tfl idWgc the MunjbfcT of B^qis BilU to the Va: 

gg(i * lue of.rh? Sum w^iicF) Oiouldi be lo fubieribed, q.- 

ipi • v^r and|abo«e the ! looooo Ifoynd, pwvided they 

^ * be obli^M to apfw-er fuch Bills ^t Demand ; ana 

^ji * i|i defaglt, thereof, to be anfiver'd tw the Bxehce 

tit * ^xfT Qi4t of thp firftj Money dye 10 them. That 

g) * ^fi,cth«- S'^oibe ere^ed, pernfiittpd or qllow'd t^ 

iW * Aft o^ Parliament within this Kingdom, during 

^ * thfiCw'iW^nce of the Biink of £w/«9i/, That 

BJ^ ' on- (vicl>, new,S?ttiement, the Bipk" dF £f^»()wlibo 

;^) * e3(fitnp^4/rpin ^I|( manner of Parliamentary 

^ • Taj(f5-.. Tha^ no A»^ of the CQ!i)oration ihoiild 

ijg *' fpdViF th^ps^cic^^r Ir^tereft. of any Perfiui coiIt 

j^ * cerfl'd. therqn. That Provilion be fiiadc for tha 

^ * elfe£^a|.prevoptIng.tb8 Officers of the Exchequer^ 

" ' an(l al) other Officers and Receivers of the Re- 

if * v^'^'^Pt ^■''''Q ^iy^ftipg, delaying or obftru<fl(ng 

ji ' the courfe of Payments to the Bank.' That Care 

J * he taken to prevent the Altering, Countcrfeitinjj, 

:. 'or Bomna anv Batil^ Bills or Notes, aa hkewiie 

I,; rafmg, or alterwg any In- 

J fuch Will or Note. That the 

j if each Member in the Stock 

be made 3 perlcnal Eftate. 

[ Cootra^ior Ago^ment piade 

10 he bought or ^Id, l>e va- 

ff mlefs the ^id Contra^ ba 

theBo^ pf i^e Bank vitb- 

i ailuajly transferr'di within 

a^e^ the Ei)a)iEing fuch Goa- 

' Encoi^ag^menU a \fillbn; 

' d in T'alHet and Baak Hotei 

I dirc^^ed. This Expcdienti 

CbjtrUi I^tague'a Skill andi 

y Perfonj.vyhowere intereft- 

I eatly a^reh«gd the Rea£>h- 

i Advantages they afterwards 

Q o o 4 receiv'd, 

ioo The . Reign, of I^i «£ , 

A. C. receiv'd, i3H fujly convince them ,' that po otiief 
nSj6. wa)' could have been found to call back their for 
^^tyxj gitive Credit ; For (he Valyc of Two Hundred 
Thoufind Pounds in Bank ISlQtcs being (unk by the 
new Subfcription's, the reft, as it was reafonable to 
■ believe they would, began preftntly to rift in worth ; 
and lb likewife did the Tallies,- after Co many as a^ 
mounted to Eight Hundred Thoufind Pounds were 
paid ip to enlarge the Bank. Upon this the Credit 
of the Bank recovcr'd apace,' till in a fhort lime 
their Nor«, which bore no Intereft, were equal with 
Money, and their BlSi that bore Intereft, boter than 
Money; and by this means the Face of affairs was 
quickly much changed for the better; Credit began 
to revive, and Money to circulate on moderate 
Terms ; Foreign Exchange was left to our Difad, 
vantage, and loon after to an Equality ; and whatcr 
vcr Hardfhips the People had undergone by realba 
of a long and expenfive War, and the Recoining 
the Silver Money, which could not but Occafion 
many Complaints, yet the grcatcft part attributed 
this to the neceflTty of Aftairs. and began ;ohope, 
both from the Proflieft of a Peace, and the Wif- 
dom of thofe at the Helm, that they fhould enjoy 
more favourable Times. 
DgkultU) Another Evil of no lefi Difficulty or Importatices 
acc»Bmtd *han the Lofi of Credit, (and which, as was hinted 
iy (it ft«r- before, wasoneofthe Springs of the latter) remain-, 
€itytft^ edftill to be removed, and that was the great i'Mr- 
mi- ' city of Menej. The Parliament to prevent Di/ap- 
' by fettling Funds, which might bedefi-i 
ctent, cameto a Reiolution ; * That the Suf plies for 
the Service of the Tear 1S97, /hoiilj be railid within 
the Tear ., but how could above Five Millions be 
railed withirt the Year, whi' 
called in and recoining, am 
Coin enough in the Natior 
ons of Trade, and fcarcely 
Neceffities of Life ? This ^ 
hig impracticable, the Ene 
made inemfelvcs merry wit! 
fing their Spleen, 'twas the 
pleafint Humour ; and r E 

W I LLI A M ^k Thinf. ioi 

Friends of the Qovemtnent imaginM diat the Par- A. C 
lianjlcnt by this, rather cxprcft their Zealand. Wil- 169^4 
lingnefi, than their Ability to (upport the State, and \^0/'Y\J. 
maintain the prefent Settlement. But this Parlia- 
ment, for whole WICIom is was referV'd to Cir- 
mount Difficukics that were looked on as invincu 
i>le, made Money without Bullion, «and diftributed 
great quantity of Coin without the help of die 
Mint. Thistbey did by Authorizing the Lords ofRtm^i 
jhe Treafiiry to ifliie oqt Bills from the Exchequer ^y'*^^^ 
tp the Value, firftandlaft, of above two Millions i^'%^'^ 
which Bills were firft appointed to be brought inr!!.**^*^ 
and fiink upon the Capitation Tax. But before the '' 
Seflion ended, the P^liament being convinced by 
the firft Colle£lion of that Duty, that it would prove 
yery Deficient ;^ they appointed the Exche<iuer BiUs 
to be brought in, on any other of the King's E)ik 
ties or Revenues, excepting the Land-Ta3c ; and 
allow'd an Intereft of Seven Pounds Twelve Shil- 
lings fer Annum, upon the Second ifiuing the lai j 
Bills out of the Exchequer ; whereas at firft they 
bore no Intefeft, By this the Parliament laid a good 
Foundation for Paperr-Money to fiipply the place of 
our Silver-Coin ; for fo many Payments were at 
this tiine to be made into the Exchequer, that when 
the People had Affurdnce given them, jthaj: tlie Ex- 
chequer Notes (hould be received back again in - 
Payment of the King's Taxes, they were very well 
fatisfied to take thipm, at firft, indeed, at a ' finali 
Dlfcbynt, hut not long after at an Equality. . A geat 
number of the(e Notes were only for Five or Ten 
Pounds, which anfwer^d the neceflities of Conimerco 
among the meaner People, for the comn^on Con- 
yenl^hcie^ oFLife; and that thofc who had advan- 
ced Money in L,Qans otl any part of the King's 
Revenue, might not be obliged to receive it back 
in Note? that were under the Value of Money, tc* 
ftrengthen the Reputation of thefe Bills, the Par- 
liament authorizn the Lords df the Treafiiry tq 
Contra^ with any Corporation , or numbers of 
private ^en, and to allow them a competent Pr^-r 
inmmy provided |fhey oblig'd thein(elve3 to exchange 
^liofe Notes h\ ready . S/(Qney, wbeq tcn4cr'd cq 
.11 '•■•; .' •■■■ ■'-.•■ " ^' ■ *; ■ ' ' ■' thci^ 


A. C Aem fer- tt^^t^ pMmo^: Which thp Lords, of the 
1^^^ Treafiiiy dji accorjiingly; *XTie Credit ©rthc E^- 
^ ^ diequw^otes being thus fccur'd, they d;dly. Wo^ 
sieaper to Par j till at . laft, they eif ceeded ?he Va- 
lue of Mbney; and whereas the ITrullces witji 
iMhooi the Qoverni|)ei\t had contra£hd to excjiang^ 
IJMSXi were at firft allqw'd Ten /rr Cent, as ^ Prt- 
mium^ they were finqe (;ontentcd to doit ^r P<h^*' 
Theft BiUs paft ^ (o many Cqunters, which t^e 
R»(mlf^ were fatisB^ d to receive, becaule they koquif 
the Eiichequer would receive them again, as fo myf h 
ready Money ; aqd thc(e State Counters fo w^U 
%)Dlted' the waqt of Money till ne^x^ Coin was ii^ 
fycA: from the Mine, that Tmde *^nd Comtnercp 
were maintained' and' mutual paytnents well e- 
liough 9ia^, to an(wer the neceirities of the^ Gcv- 
^E^minent- and (he People, This Proje6b9 
^ which* proved an efifccJtu^, dio' "a Paper, Prop 
to fiipporc the State, when its^ Silver Pillars, ^ 
1 may & (peak, were for a time reoiov'i^ w-af 
Ukewi(e owing to thp Prudence at^d Indujtry of 
Mr. Qhdriei Montague^ as Well as Aat of Recoininj 
ihe Money, which thofe very Men, who eavj^c 
nioft his Suecefi in the Houfe of Cbpimons, ^ni 
growing Power a( Court, were afterwards cont^{e^ 

to call' a Port^0te Temerity, 

tie Sufplf Oft the 9th of February^ the CQmn>ons eftima^. 

ney«, to be raifed for die Service of thelfear 1697. 
and fbp making good the deficient Funds ; thejf 
Heiyv-d, tThar^r Rarfingthe^m ofs^opoo/;, 
Char^M upon the Duties laid upon^ Salt,^ and URpfl[ 
Coals and Ctilm, an^ Tunnage of Ships^ taken ar. 
way tlie laft- Sci5,on of Parliament^ for wHjch tl^ft 
Provifitm then made h^d ^jrov'd defective, a Iwlif |i 
Duty of* If Poupd/^tfr Cr»f. be laift uyqq all t^ea^tjp^ejr: 
for three Pears. 

The Perplexity the Comp^ons were in tO;. ^4.6l)| 
new B\inds was hot a Kftle ajugmented by tlje %I^U 
fege they received from ^ Kiiiig by Mr.'St^aetary 
TrumUP% importing^ T!hat his., hUgeJij. finding hifnjf&ff 

•h^ J ' » » 

fary to remind the Homfy ^ ^gif P4rf ff hh Sf^eeck vi^kh L^^fyVi/ 
rtlqtcA ^A 1^4^ *4^, 4^'^^ thatfgeedy C<^e. might beiMejffkgt 

|4i^9i ^ «?4^ ^^HM:frmCm, for it. Ther€upQnjfr«»^** 
ipii^ w)^X'^ Se^ech» lit tlp^ onming thif ^fioa, was a>'«v^« "»[| 

y 9t $ji^ B^^«/^ Bufliel upQA Mall, for a y«aa Liif ^rt- 
w4 a Qm^^^- At^l becciufe tb<^ f oremenitdtva im- o/i^i/ r«r. 
po|[tif9iE^ ^i fK>t fully ao^er the Swtigi already Vt|- ^ Feb. i^^ 
1^ ^;CQniie)pQfs.r9K>lv'd, Tbac tawacds the Su{»rt Peb.i7« 
^ly &W^ tA^arcis, c^Fryoog oa du& War, aadfer "" Mtr. ], 
(^Q Siipppr^ of ^ Civil Lift, o^seraiid altKMKe the 
Duties alreadf^ Pliable, a funher Duly: belaidupofi 
alt Qyd^n, ?eiH7% JUiqpofa ca^l'd &o^ta» Mbib, 
Wiiye, Qnd|]ppa>yiQQp^»nia4opf9 ok mix'di witli 
Wooli Silk Pr ]Htw. Five Days t aii^ tlM 

fd Uk^ii^; i^(bl\E^ Tha^ f o;^ tpaktag g^ 
:ieocy pf ^ho* Frovjfion for pajrmeac cS rhelntereft 
pj^ ch^ Trt^Qfpiprt Detft, forth&Redudogof heUmi^ 
a I^uty of Four 9ouods /«r Avmuih^ be laser upon 
Q)l;Hi&W(ker%and Pedlars forooeyeai^. And that e^Fe* 
C^ l^^^r ap4 Y^hf trffivelitog vitk a^ Moiiie, tik 
or MuJe, (hould pa^ Sour pound mqfe^fer-jkmugn^ 
tor each Hpde, A|i oi; Mulo he (hodd lb- traiFcl 
ffithr. THii^feo)^ Day the King went 10' the Houfe 
olX.ord#t. and ga<ye hii Rtoyal Aifcnt* A^ f^ aBs Pufi, 

9tl^ting ^9 Iu^fyvfr4lr Duties upon pMfer^ Folium 4fkl 
ttivrcbmsnf^ t^.e^owu^^^ the^ttinging^ Blat4 oH^Ihatk" 
mer'd Money into. thf. Mint to he. Coin^4 ; 4» A^, for 
c99iinttiM, Q&rtaifi additional: Jmfo^ons t^n-jiveral 
QtiodiJOmMerj^trndii^s ; An^A^^ ti-enaSiethc l^turns^ 
of Jgw^i^tfnfmtkty until tbe^fi9jhDay.rfiii:fV€ai\3qr^ 
i^^ A0i^4&f9i^*tinj»ipMmingfrif»ohus$nd've3f^^ 
W/; ^4Stfi-te^eth^l^i(etsat%\^kwA^ 

\O9tbo, Ghtbinij andfsr I^uladng the: Faftort there /^ 
w^ 4Sh^o.xnatde]AmGi^ I>ukfof:OttofmA^ . toraifi Mo-^ 
^^ijBi^Sia/e.cfi Mods, ami^mal^nj^Leafef for Lives re^ 
W^0hlefoKe!oer^fBr.Bajmenti^DehtS'y andfor Encpu^ 
wginglSgii^l^ AndforQ\zxk%^ 

ko4 7^^ Reign of King 

A. G. Lprrf Wefton, £/rr/ ©/ Arrati, in the Kingdom of Irc^ 
I (9(« land) /0 makjs Ledfes of^ bis EJi^te in the faid Kjn^d^m'i 
i^^^Vi and to feveral odi^r Private Bills. 
OtherWiiys The Commons having confidcr'd of Ways and 
0ndMtgns Means to raife the 840000 Pounds before mentioned, 
'** r#i/l Refolv'd, t ^hat the Duties upon t^eather be appro. 
J*??^' . priated for the fatisfa6lion ot what remained unpaid 
r AUr.a7.Qf the Principal and Intereft of the y^oooo Pound, 
advanc'd upon the Duties uppn Coal^ and Culm, ta- 
ken away the laft SeiSon ; chat for raifing the remain- 
ingSumofTwohundred and eighty thoufand Pound, 
the Times be eniarg'd for Penbns to come in and 
purchafethe Annuities mentioned in a former A6fe, 
^ ' And that in cale the faid Sum of xSodoo Pound, and 
Intereft due thereupon were not raised thereby, that 
it would be made good out of the 6rft Aids, to be 
' granted the next Seffion of Parliament, 

On the id of ji^^il^ the Queftipn was put, whether 
the Bill for laymg a further Duty upon Wines 
ftould be engrofi'd ? which having pafc'd in the Ne- 
gative, the Commons, four days * after Relblv'd, 
? April 7. That for Railing the Sum or 600000 /. towardf 
the Supply granted to his Majefty, for the Profecu- 
tion ot the War, inftead of the Duty upon Wines, 
the Duties of the Old Subfidy of Tunnageand Poun* 
da|e upon Goods Imported; (Dying Wares except- 
cdj according to the Books of Rates ftttled in the 
ywr i66oy be doubled for the Term of Two years 
and three Quarters ; And that an Additional Aid of' 
one Shilling ^^r Pound, belaid upon all Lands, fer 
one Year, as an Equivalent of the Duty of Teii 
Yound f4r Cent, laid upon the Minufa£):ures made 
of, or mix'd with Woolly Silk or Hair. 
fVu Theft important Proceedings in Parliament, which 
Fe t according to the Rules of Hiftory I ha^e mentioned 
/ in a continu'd Narration, were often interrupted bv 
ocbtr incident Affairs, the moft remarkabledt wbicn 
was the Attainting of Sit John Fenmck^ a Per£>n con- 
cerned in the late AlTafiingtion, and Invaiion Plot ; 
who endeavouring to flyover into Fr4ffCff, and who tht- 
better to make his £(cape, .went tindei> the Name of 

He is f tfi^w T^o>»4jr iVard^ was ftis^'d at Nem^Upmney In Kf^ 

jnKent, ^hh l{phen ff^bber^ an Attocctey; and fix>mthetncer 
tjune 1 1. brought up to London^ and con^mit^ed Prifenerfta 


li ^ 


WILLIAM the Third. iof 

the Tmer^ and afterwards to NexQg%te. As lb6n as ht A; C. 
was appfchcnded, he Wrote a Letter ( with a black 1 6^6. ' 
Lead rcnciU to his Lady, butdire<&ed to Mrs. Fanar^ o^vS> 
her Woman, at the LadV Cdrlifle\ in thefe Words :t fune 19* 
What I fear'd is at laft happen'd .* Had I come a-Hii Letter 
lone I had done it ; but the other was betrayM^*^^^/*^- 
from London. It is God's Will, fo we muft fubmit : J^'^h 
I know nothing can five my Life^ but my Lord*:"'* ^"^ 
Carliflch going over to * him , back'd by the reft"*"* 
of the Family of the Howards to beg it 3 aftd offer* 
ing that I will live abroad all his Time, where I 
cannot hurt him, and that 1 will nevcip draw Sword 
againft him. I muft leave it to you what elfe to 
fey; All Friends muft be made, my Lord Drt><>if - 
fhire may perhaps by ray Lady, my Lord Godolphin^ 
my Lord Fembrokfoj my Lady Montgomery^ Mr. 
l^elfon by the Bi(hop of Canterbury^ my Lord Arram 
might engage his Brother Selkerito ufe his Intereft 
with Kfpfeii I believe if my LordCarlifle woiild 
go, it were beft before my Tryal, or clfe they will 
cutmeflaort'for want bf Time; if be £an prevail 
with H/m for a Pardon, he will procure it as well 
before my Tryal, as aftef, atleaft he may prevail, 
for a Reprieve, till jfbme can come over to him. 
My Lord alfo will have an Opportunity to engage 
t Bentingy and geimy Lord ot Effex to joyn with^ jf,g '^gri . 
him. I cannot think what el(e to fiy, but the ^y pore* 
great Care muft be the Jury, if two or three could land, 
be got that would ftarve the reft ; That or nothing , 
can five me. Money I know wcmld do it ; but 
alafi ! that is not to be had , nor (hall I get enough , 
for Counftl. I beg of you not to thiiifc of being 
fiiut up with me ; I know it will kill you, and be- 
(ides I have no fiich Friend as you to take care of 
my Bufioefi : Tho* it would be the Comfort of my 
Life, the little time it lafts, to have^you with me - 
And I have this only Comfort now left, that my 
Death will make you cafie. My deareft Life, 
grieve not for me, out refign me to God*s Will t 
I ou will hear as feon as they bring me to Town, 
where they put me, and then I would have a Ser- 
vant or iome body with me. I am interrupt 
ted, £> can (ay no more now. Engage Sir John 
i^phn^ the new Lord, who has more Inter- 



to5 The Reiffi 9f iChil 

A. C ^ eft than tny body. Let my Lord Stdt^Jdle engage 

1 6<>o, * ^ermaine^ to wigage OvrryrA^for ^^^ i fpeak to my 

^g^V%J ' Lady Arlington-^ if my Tryal could be p^t dff till 

* the lKing comes back) there j^otild be nSord 

* Opportunity to SpUcite him. Tliii ifiettei* b*i&8 
delivePd to Mr.^^<pi/tr, the Cempanlort ot Sir 
jQbn FenwiclCs Flight, was afcen^ards intercepted^ 
fcy the ^ayor of ifprnne/i al^d brought to the Ldrds 

• Juftices. Sir ^i>hni^ who was ignqrant of the Mi^f^ 
riage, at his firft Examination oefo^ ihieir Exc^Uen* 
cicsj dcnycd every thinff he Wils fcharg'd with 2 ' 
Whereupon the Lords Jumces |)reducing hii Letter, 
toldhun b^wasnop eftheJdMmni when bt wrttt 
it: To which ^ixjobn made 00 Reply > blit Uying it ' 
down,^ was utterly filencVl by fach «l. violent Prfe- 
fumption, or ta(her ingenuous Coofemon bf his ^ 
Guilty attefted under his owli Hand. . 

Sir JirijH fenvQicli^ Defign of g^ttihg a jury pafek'd, 
or making f^rjends to the King fof a Pardoif , being 
found imprd^cable j there was atioiher Expedient 
fuggefte d, t^ a Per(bh^, whotW he hard be^ a great 
Infmiment m the late Revdlviti0|v, ^et to grat&d a 
private Resentment, advis'd Sir Jthn to iet upa 
Counter^Plot, by Impeaclufi^ ft Veral of the King's 
beft and heartieft J^nends^ aa ^Uty pi Conlpirla^ 
^/rjohn againft hi^ Majefty. Accordmgly Sir Jtbn deli- 
tcnwick^sVer'd a Pajpertothe GoVenHto^iii, wherein he feidl. 
Oftnf&pib:, in general, there werie in Bt^la^ a fiittled nuttiber of 
Fcrfons to man^age the Affairs of King 3^ianes. And 
being afterwards put upoh to wih6 thofe Petfons, 
and to defceiid to partitulars;^ He gave in another 
VVriring^ ^^kefeiii amongft orfaor Thing j Ee pretend- 
ed^ That the .Duke of Siremhury came a^in wSa ' 
the Office of Secretary of St«e^ by the Gf)intti6h 
and Con(em ef Kihg jAiHai aiid thdt his GitA was 
in Treaty wkh that Monaith, beiore he laid ddwh 
the Seals ; Thiat the Lord MttiribtToM had pfobi^^d 
King Jamci (bme. Service, which had incliii'd his 
Majefty to pfomile him &is Pardpft ; That the Earl 
of iAthyi2L% to betray PHinomh ttiio the Hafids of the 
Freffeh Kingj That Aduiifal I(fi^, and the Lord' 
Godolfhin were llke>vife ih King Jamj'i Imetcft; 
And that Commiflary Grmifmi bail fern oVe^ tty 

WlLLlAM thefhirl 107 

priutce a Lift oF the Forces in Engi^. Tiifilfc te- A- <^ 
formation? at GVft ftartled not only the Ceart, i6^. 
but the KiM^ himfelf ; and gained Sir g^» ^J^ft-"' "^"^^ 
^tck foine Tipie ; but being fen(**? iW iMi 
Shattt muft at latt be, difcovcir'd, hc^ at ihefatM kvaH^ 
iiidca^our'd to get dS^zt leaft,one of f he ^wO'Evid.«i|jr 
tes whoS'ww'e theTreafohsagamtt him-^t the Set 
Sons: VV'ell kn6 wing that a^dr<)ing lo the-lal^ A^ 
ibne'^as tiotlufficienr in a tSapftal Accu^tii^n. , 

T^i^ '^i^as fijccefifuUy aiconiplim'd in tfc^ 
iStCardei Goodman^ who for a large -Sum et.MoMf 
feiven hun, withdrew hinileif into Fr^iicff ;-Aifd'"thd* 
py that ibeans there feem*d to be no more jD^jliger'iW 
%\r^ohifslJit.\ yet both he and hi6-Fri<!|Mi9:€X)uU 
haVe wifh^d, tliat Captain l^ortet^ tne ether Wtme& 
l^d likewiTe be^h. Spirited «away ; and to fh^ tm 
ftiey maide large Offers to him by an Itifh IS'tti^kMOMi^ 
ker, call'd Cfancey. TTic 'Captain wnoMd a^g^ ?«•' 
3i6n from the Kinfe ah4 was loAtfa to truft:^:Patgr he 
|ad lat'dy tctray ^d, dircbvery- the whptelotyeagijka 
fo the Goverripeht, whb finding thcm(ekFffS' iA^us'«d 
^y chefe dandeninePrtLdieeil,qf the3Wp^»/4ff}9fi^^ 
^Ing nt> room left to bri t^heGir iminal cet^imiflitaMilr^' 
tjr toe orditiary eouHp o!E^^Law,/^€ Kiflg §^yQdliA^ 
bnrsl'H^el leave to acquaint therioufe ^f GQtBihoeli 
mih th!c(c Proceedings, anjit fey beFbr? ihAi' the fe* 
l^ei'al Papew which' were civen in by SSr. J<>j^»(f«i* 
Ivickj ici the fiarure of Ih^Vmatioaag^ft }m^K 
Ind ft ver^ other Perfons 6F Qji^itv . Tbisltbfe hdp * y^^^ g^ 
Ihiral^di^-^ccofdingly, and dcfir'd that th^^ftidftu 
^ers might be read, that fo he might have fhe^p- 
6brtiinity to Jdftifie himlelf ^ wif he diinHtfito^iiii^ _ . 
fcndertheCenfureofcheHbwfe, ^^J^?^, 

The Papbrs being read , Sir '^qhn ftwrArt^ai'lm. f •"7,^? 
fnediately ordered tol>cbrQ^ght before Ae^Ho«e,«rd}^^^^^^^ ^ 
being interrogated by "theBpcaWj^oft^^ 
dihatioris to dtfcbver "the Pe^nsand Piia<SBcts of the ^„^ E^sm 
Enemies of the Government ; headTwor'd, h« dtd'ttot^inV. 
kii6«r but^liat ie Ihould ray. might IwrctliflaKel^ 
find t'herd^bre defirMthat hi; iii^ght tuve iofltofidotfri- 
ty, that hi s G^nfeflion fiiculd not r|fe up a^ainft'hiin 
in a C6uit';6lF JudicatuVe, addmg^ hg 1v^>wd^ nwttjf- ^ 

feiid either file tengor the H^ t^Oftlilion^ic 


^0i the Reign cf /tirig 

A. C. Speaker bid hJm withdraw ; after whicli tk& 
16^6. Houie Debated, whether chey (hould acquaint him 
with their hating his Papers 6f Infofmaiibns ; 
But thciy did ndc think fit to do if, becatif^ they 
thought thofe Papers were a Contrivance, aha 
made bv others for him j that the befLway to get 
the truth out of him, would be for hib to tell his 
own Story ; and that if the Houfe fhould let him 
know they had thofe Papers, he would only rcfef 
to thofe Papers, as he had lately done, wheli he 
Was examined by the King and Council. 'Twas al- 
io debated, whether there flbould be afiy threat* 
liing Words us'd to him, but they thought that 
tiot proper, for his Conteffion ought to be Tree and 
fiatural. It was al(b n^ientioned, whether they 
fhould take notice of hb Majefty's Content. But 
that was not thought fit neither, as being deroga-^ 
tory to the Priviledges of the Houfe* Siir John Fen- 
wick, being called iti again, the Speaker acquainted 
him, that the Houfe having confiderM his exculing 
his nKikiiyg a Difcovery, they thought be had no 
Reafen to appehend the King (hould be angry with 
him for making any Difcovery to the Houfe ; this 
being the proper Place to enquire of all thingi 
that relate to the Kingand Government, e;fpecially 
his Majcfty *6 Safety • That as . to what he ftood \ii- 
en, that he (hould not be prejudiced by what he (hould 
difcover there, they toqk notide he had already, 
notwitbftanding what he faid, dilcover'd it to the 
King and Council ; that he had no Reafbn at all to 
apprehend, that he (hould (ufFer arty thing if he 
made a foil and free Di(co very ; that ilo Man that 
dealt candidly with thi$ Houfe ever did •, that'tWai 
in his Power to deferve the Favour of the Houfe ; 
that 'twas fequir'd by the Houfe, that he (hould 
make a Di'feovery, and that this was, the laft time 
he was like to be ask'd to do it. Sif Tobn tenwtc/i 
infifted upon his former Excufes, namehr, his Fear 
of the King's Difpleafiire, and* of acctiung himfelf, 
which being once more over-rul'd, he thfiti demand- 
ed time to retolle6l himfclf, urging the clofe Re- 
Ihraint hehad been under in Pnfbij, and the bad- 
nefi of his Memory. To this the Speaker madc5 


W I L L I A M /)&^ fhirJ. 109 

Anfwer, that the Houfe- thought it a Matter 6f great A. C. 
Moment to the King and whole Nation, thatthofc 16^6- 
that were their Enemies ftiould be difcover'd as foon 
as poffible; and this being within his Know- 
ledge, the Houfe did not think it fit to give 
him time j but^hat if they found by his Difcovery, 
that he dealt candidly and ingenuouCy with theni, 
and had told them as much as he knew upon his 
Memory,they would confider of hlsRequeftot giving 
hitii time for the reft. Thereupon Sir John Fen^ic\ 
addreft himfelf in thefe Wotds to the Commons, 
When firft I ipoke to the Prhy^Counfellor, I propo- 
(ed to him whether I might have a Pardon with- 
out being made an Evidence againft any Man, 
and in that Cafe would ferve the King, fo as to 
tell him all that I knew. It was upon Honour 
what I did to him, and he took the Words in 
Writing from me, and fent them to the King in 
Flanders : The King's Anfwer was, That he made 
no ObjeAion as to my being an Evidence, nor 
his giving me a Pardon ; but that I could expeiSt 
no Pardon till he knew what I could fay. He 
added. That upon that he was encouraged to dq 
what he had done for his Majefty's Service, but 
the King's Anfwer being , that lie fliould more 
fully make good what he had (aid, he afterwards 
explained what he had inform'd that Honourable 
Perlbn, and ftill it was anfwered, it was not Sa- 
tisfai^ory. That he hoped he (hould not find this 
from this Honourable Houfe, and that they would 
confider he was upon his Life ; that ne knew this 
Houfe was good Security of it, but till he had it^ 
be was under thefe Circumftanccs, and he might 
at laft be told all was not Satis&dlory ; and lb de- 
fircd the Houfe to confider of it. The Speaker 
having preft Sir Join to make a Difcovery,and finding 
by all bis Anfwers he did nothing but prevari- 
cate with them ; a Motion was made for leave 
to bring in a Bill to Attaint him of High-Trca- 
fen; which after a Debate was carried :in the Af- 
firmative, hy 179 Vpices againft 61 which were 
for the Negative. Three days after the Bill was pre- 
fented to the Houfe, and after a long Debate of feve- 
rs Hours, the Queftion was put for the fecond R^«\- 

P p p ding, 

aio ^^^ Reign of King 

A. C ding, ^ which was alio carried in the Affirmative, by 
1^96. a Majority of 196 Votes againft 104- The fime 
^;-'^VN^ day the Houfe ordered. That Sir John FenwickSho^jliA 
Bill t9 Au have aCopy of the Bill, and of the Order for Read- 
^ofH'^k" ing It 8 I)ays after ; And that Mr. Secretary Fermn 
T^emlw ^^"^^ ^^^ produce the Letter Written in K^p by 
tNov !• ^^ ^^^ Fcnwicl^ of which he had iafofra'd the 
Hu Letfer*^^^^^* *^^ next t day, the Speaker having acquainc. 
t9 the Cm* ^ ^^ HcAife that be had receivM a Letter from Sir 
i«9»s. John^ wherein he made it ^ his humble Petition, that 

* be might have the AfCftanceoffais Couafij, Sat 
^ Francis Pemberuny Sir Thomas Pot^j^ and Sic Bait^ 

* rbohmew Shorter ^ and of his SolUcitor. oiatChrsft^- 
fber Digbton^ the Coeimons did readily allow Sir 
John Fenwiok, the G)uaiel he defir'd ; and after fome 

tNov. I a. Debate, the SoUicitor likewiie ; tho' it was intimated 

that he was a very great ?«r0^/V^, andwasfulpe£bd 

to have been concem'd in the Eicape of Qooiman. 

The Day before the Bill of Attainder was to be Read 

a Second Time ; Sir John Fenniok. prefenttd another 

Petiuon, wherein he Pray'd to be heard by bis Cofni*- 

^ fel, againft the PdTmg of the faid Bill ; whereupoA 

the Houfe order'd, That he (hould be allow'd Two 

^ . ^ Couniel at the Bar of the Hoafe to make his De- 

Fullers {gjj^^ ThefairieNi^t^i7/wi»F»//^.whoi!ociHT7 

fheSpiski ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ Goverment pretended 03 be ac-» 

offhiComl^^^^^^ with all the DeGgns of his Nfojefty^s Ene- 

mmn$t *mies,'ient a Letter to the Speaker of the Houfe dE 

uad. Commons, importing. That no Ferfon had- been mare 

aSnalfy engaged with Sir Jobn Fenwidc fhm himfe^^ »> 

having been his fortune feveral times to bring Letters to 

him from the late I^ngand jinieen at St. Germains, and 

to cany his Attfioers j That he had alfo b^n rpttbSir John 

at the frigate Confults of the late Kin£s Adherents ; fo 

that if he might be Serviceable in deteHing his Tteafons^ 

hejhouldbe very ready toferve the Government y andde^ 

moniirate his Integrity, The ^caker did the next 

day acquainc the riouie with the Receipt of this Let* 

ter ; but Fuller*s Charader was ib well known to the 

Houfe. that upon a Qieftion for Reading of it, it 

P^'d by a great majority in the Negative. 

This done. Sir John Fenrnck was order'd to be 
brought to the Bar ; but it being a Proceeding of that 


WILLIAM the Third. an 

Nature, that Mn^ of the ancknteft Members could A. Ci 

readily give Precedent oUc was neceflary to (ettlefeme 1 6^6. 
l^jrelimimirieSi and the firft Queftlon 

was, Whcrbef 
t]be Mace ought to lie upon the Table when Sir 
John Fenwick Was iQ the Houfe ; or whether the Scr- 
jeacit ougjbc not to ftatvd by hm ^\ih it at the Bar F 
Mr. Smith zTid Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer, (aid^ 
that Sir ycfm F^»n^/ci^beioga Prifbner, the Maceought 
to be at the Eir, and then no Member could Speak^ 
but the Queftions muft be ask'd by the Chain And od 
the other h^nd, Mr. Boyle, Mr. W>nv, Sir Chriftopher 
I^pave^ Mr. Brothenm, Colonel Gratwilie, Sit Pf^tU 
liam fPJllUms^^tid Sir Thowof D^ke^ maintained that Ihe 
Mace ou^t to be upon the Table, becaiife the Bill 
was tp be read ; that if the Mace was not upon the 
"liable, their Moqrhs were muzzkd ; that they were 
to a^ in their higbeft Capacity, as Judges, and! 
therefore ought not to pftfe a Vpte, that the judges 
ihould not ask Qiteftion^. After this Debate, tt was 
carried, that Sir J^hn Fenwick (hould ftaind y^tth Ihe 
Mace at the Bar ; and then a Queftioii arofe about 
reading the Bill: Some Members (§kid it could not be 
read whife tht Counfel was preient ; Others fkid 
it was not ne^eflary to read it while Sir John Femnck, 
was prefcat, he having had a Copy of it ; But at 
lall; it wais diought reafbriable, tt being in the nature 
of a Charge upon hin;^, thatitfhould be read to him 
when present with hi^ Counfel. It wataSedg'd, that 
thiis was done m the Cafe df Mi<^tinent$^ when the 
CopianJ were delivered to the Priibnirs^ a<nd therefore 
it mould be read only as a Matter of Form, as a 
Charge to Which he was to an^er^ but that tt could 
not be reckoti'd a Secohd Reading, aiccording to 
the Rules of she Houfe, the Mace Ibeidg^ff the Ta- 
bte, and & ijt (hould be read again when t^e Coun- 
fal aad^ iht Ptjifeoer were withdrawn. Thereupon 5iV join 
t^ Serjeant took the Mzct and bi^ou^ht Sir M»'Penwick 
JRrifirf c^ to ibe Bar, andCouoiei h^^^&ct&ttkh^x'^rougbt to 
him, «Dd for the Bill, to ii^it, Sir Ith^s^i Foms, afid ^^' ^^^^f 
Sir JBarJihplime» Sbowr, for the firft, aWd Mr. Serfe,*^* ^^'"'^ 
antfitfriW, asid Mr, Serjeant LwW UeisoidetcfLc^:^^^' 
don for theJatter ; die Sp^^aker ^pi^'d th^ Mattdr, 
and addreiling himfelf to Sir John Fenv^ick^ laid be. 

P P p 2^ fore 

'%i% The Reign of King 

A. C. fore him the heinotilhefe of the * Crime wherewith 


Bill to 


he ftood charg'd, and how deftruftive it woulcl 
have been, if it had fucCceded, to the very Be- 
ing of this Kingdom ; And therefore that he might 
not go unpunifh'd, if he was guilty^ they had 
order'd a Bill to be brought into the Houfe, to at- 
taint him for High-Treaton, which had been once 
read, and would be now read to him at the Bar ; 
and then he would hear the Evidence againft him, 
and have liberty to make his defence. That tha* 
he could not claim any Right thereto, the Houfe, to 
(hew how ready they were to favour him, in gi- 
ving him any realbnable help, did allow hira 
Counfel to aflift him in it. That he was likewife 
to acquaint thofe that were his Counfel, That the 
Houfe did reckon their own Prudence would (o 
guide them, as not to give aiiy juft Offence to this 
Houfe ; That they ought not to queftion the Pow- 
er of Parliaments to pafi Bills of Attainder, when 
they judge it requifite ; of which the Commons are 
more proper Judges than any private Perfon, and 
therefore they did not allow him to debate that 
point ; This Sifeech being ended, the Clerk of 
the Houfe of Commons read the Bill, importing^ 
That whereas Sir John Fenwick was, upon thd 
Oaths of George Porter^ andCardel Goodman^ In- 
dif^ed of High-Treafon, in Confpiring to aflaf* 
fmate his Majefty's Sacred Perfon, and encoura- 
ging the Wrench King to Invade this Kingdom ; 
That Sir Jahn Fenmck^ having obtained his Maje- 
fty's Favour to have his Tryal ddayy from Time 
to Time, upon his repeated Promifes of makitig 
an ingenuous and fuUConfeflion of his knowledge 
of any Conlpiracy againft his Maijefty's Perfon or 
Government, he bad fo far abus'd his Majefty^s 
great Clemency and Indu^ence, that inflead of 
making iirch ConfeiHon, he had contrived falfeand 
foandalous Papers as his Ihrortnations, re£le6ling 
on the Fidelity of feveral noble Peers, divers 
Member? of the Houfe of Commons, and others, 
only by hear*fiy , and coiitriving thereby to un- 
dermine the Government, and create Jealoufies 
between the King and h« Subjedts , and to fiifle 


WIL LIAM theThirl \xi 

* tbe real Conlpiracy. And that whereas Cardel A. C. 
^ Goodman^ one of the Witnefles againft the (aid i 696.' 

* $ir John Fenmck^^ to ^ove the (aid Treafon, lately 

* and fince the jfeveral 1 imes appointed for the Try- 

* al of the faid Sir John Fenmc\^ at one of which 

* Times the (aid Sir John Fenwick. had been Try e3, 

* had it not been for the expcftation of the ifaid Dif 

* coveries (b ofteti promised by hinu was withdrawn, 

* (b that the f^id Cardel Goodman could not be had, 
^ to give Evidence upon any Tryals. Be it there- 

* fore Enafted, That the (aid Sir John Fenwick. be 

* Convi£led and Attainted of High Trea(bn, and 
' (uffer the pains of Death, and incur all J^orfcitjires^ 
' as a Perfbn Attainted of High-Treason. 

TheBill being read, and the- King's Counfel, t\kQ Debates 
Serjeants Gould and Lovely having, according to the thcreiffon^ 
Speaker's Dire£kions, very learnedly open'd the. Evir 
dence they had for proving the Charge, they were 
as learnedly anlwer'd by the Counfel for the Pri(bner, 
whoalledg'd, That it the other would only call in 
Evidence to prove the Suggeftfons of the Bill, they 
were ready to anfwer them , but if they calPd 
any Evidence to prove Sir John Guilty of the Con- 
(piracy by living Witnefles, they took upon them to 
lay they were not ready for that, fince they did not 
know whether they (hould be allowM the liberty of 
producing Witnefles. Thereupon being order'd ta 
withdraw, the Houfe debated the fame a long Time, 
not without many of the Members making large Ex- 
curfions from the Matter in difpute ; which made th^ , 
Lord Cuts rite and (ay, That he thought it a misfortune^ 
that a Matter of this Nature had held them fo long j 
and he conceived it a Thing to be wi/h^d. That every Gen- 
tleman thatffokf upon this occajion^ would apply himfelf 
more clofely to Subjlance and lefs to Forms. That he 
meant to Forms ^ ' confider^d mecrly 4/ Forms, for it ought 
to he true Heafon that was convincing to them ; and the^' 
cught not totye themfelves up to any Forms upon this occa- 
fion:^ but fuch^as were grounded upon Heafon. That real' 
ly he had not heard any thing that fell from any Gentlc" 
man, that/hew*d his doubt of the Nature andaggravA- 
ting Circumstances of the Crime of the Frifoner ^ but 
that ft had cmjijkd with the great Candor and Jufiice 

214 ^^ ^^^ff^ ^^ ^^^ 

A. C. rf fhis Houfe^ tojhew their fdvmr to the Prjfoner in 
l6>9^. dlming bimCounfeL That when the Cotmfel faiith^y 
\m^y\^ tfereunprefaf^djf if they meant they would fretfare them- 
/{fives for More Grounds of Difference ^nd Chicanry, he 
would not give them farther time ; that be could n$0! 
ferceive there was any reality of Argument in i>, and 
that fhere was in ^^oni^g^ as in l^ligion^ fometimes 
a Form without a Power. fSttt manv other Specc^hes 
Several — ^aiid Conteftatiofls the Speaker read thefe two Que- 
fi:fefiim fti^ns, Firft, That the Counfel for Sir John Fenwck 
^* he confined to ma^ their Proof to what was fuggefted in 

the Sill'y And Secondly, That «r John Fen wick *^ 
allowed fiirther time } neither of which being allow- 
ed to be put, he then proposed, That Sir John Fen- 
wick be allowed further time to f reduce f^inejjfes in 
his Defence^ againU the Charge of High Tre^fon^ and 
that he give in a Lift of his Vf^tnejfes to the Speahtr ? 

Which Oueftion was put, and pafled in the Apr-* 
ciitlve. Afterwards the Speaker put another Qpc- 

flion, vi3[. That the Counfel in rnanaging the Evidence 
4tainft Sir John Fcnwick, be allowed to ^oducp £v#- 
ience touching the Allegations in the Bit^ and the 
Treafons/or which he ftood indi^ed^ whjch being like- 
yf^ift carried in the Affirmative, and Sir jfohn ^enwicl^ 
Acquainted from the Chair, that the Houfe allow- 
ed nim three Days longer to make his Defence, he 
heing withdrawn, the Cbramoni relblved that the 
Bill for Attainting him of High-Trealpn, be read 
ti fecond tifne on' Monday next. ' 

Accprdinjgly on the j6t:b "of November theHou/e 
proceeded further on this Matter ; The King's 
Counlel produced their Evidence, which was firft 


.^ . . , m} 

oppofed it, was farther examitid about his bein^ 
tampered with by Clancey^ in order to take * o^his 
Teftimony, in relation to the late Cbnlpiracy. Theri 

the King's Council produc'4 ^^^ Records of Clan^ 
co^'s Conviftion thereupon, aiid fo proceeded to 
Goodman^i Examination, taken iinder the Hand of 
Mr; Secretary r#r»i?w, ^hicV^^^V 4cCr'd might be' 
read. This ^as w^rnily opfioS'd b^, the prifpner^s 

"i " . . i 1 * 

W I L L I A M /Z^tf Third. irj 

Coun&l, 2s a thmg not to be allowed, asd ivccpti- A, C. 
Aicable, rhe^ Law requiricig Per£u|is to appear, and j ^^^^ 
give their Evideace viva voce-. Whereupon tne Houfe ^^y^ 
entered into a hot Debate, but at length it vaa 
carried b^ 218 Votes againft 14^, that Goadmanhr 
Informar^on ftiould be read; aad that afterwards 
feme of the Gmnd Jury fhould give an Accopit 
upon ^hat Evidence they found the Bill of Indi6fc« 
ment, that was brought in againft Sir Ji>hn J^et^ 

The next Evidence that was produced was the 
Record of tbeConviflion of Mr. Cooke ^ and when 
the Coi|n(el on both fides had fpoke to it, and the 
Houfe debated the &me, it was carried by iSf 
Voices agi^inft no. That the laid Record ihotdd 
be read, and the King's Couniel aUow'd to «• 
amine Wkn^fies,^ as to what was iworn by G$od^ 
man at C^^j^'s, Trial. This being over, as alio ibme 
Qpeftioas concerning the fbremention'd Letter of 
Sir John FenwickX it was relblved, that the Coun* 
ftl for ihe Prifi)ncr, might, if they had Witneflfes 
to examine oi^is beh^f, do it that Night: b<|C 
that as to their Obfenrations, the Houfe wbuki ffwt 
them time till next Morning. They having no« 
thing biita Record to produce, accepted of this; 
and on the 27th of N^vemher^ made as good a De* 
fence as the Badnefi of their Client's Cau(e woul4 
;&dmit : But at lensth being order'd to withdraw, 
and the Priiboer ftill declining to deal more clearw 
ly and candidly, in re^eft to his Accuiationof^ 
veral Perfens of Quality; It was refrlvM, That 
Mr. Vem^n fiiould give m his Evidence, in Refe- 
rence to Sir Join's getting his Trial delay'd by Of- 
fers of Informations, and that in Sir John% am th^ 
Counlel^s Prefence, on bcdi fides. 

Here the Counsel having nothing to fay, they 
were di&harg'd fiom their farther Attendance at 7^^5,7/ 
th^t time ;^ and according to the Order of the Day, read a fe 
the Bill betnc read a fecond time, and afterwards cond time' 
openM by me Speaker, and no Members arifing Debates a" 
up to Jpeak^ he ask'd, whether he ffiould put the *««^ »{' 
Qjueftion dT Conmiitment ? This occafion'd a very 0»w7f 
hot amji tcdiotis Debate about the extraordinary ^^^' 

,Ppp 4 Metbqd 


zi6 The Reign of Ki^g 

A. C Method of Proceeding; the Power indjuftife of 
1696. Parliaments compared with other inferior Courts of 
Judicature, with feveral Precedents of former Bills 
of Attainder, and other Arguments that fell in, and 
are too long to be entered upon in this Place ; but 
upon the whole Matter, toward Eleven at Night, it 
was carried, by 1 8a Votes a^ainft 128, that the BW 
Jhpuld be- cdmtnitted. On the aoth of the fame 
Month the Houfe refolv'd it felf into a Committee 
of the whole Houfe upon the (aid Bill, and fevei;^! 
Words having been offered as Amendments, import -r 
ing Sir Johns being Guilty, they were at laft ar 
greed on to be added to the BilL It was alfe pro- 
posed to the Confideration of the (aid Committee, 
whether thel^r^fj Spiritual fixouXd ftand in the En- 
abling Part. ^ But upon looking into feveral Aftsof 
Attainder, it appeared they were mentionM in all 
C3f them, in the EnaBim Part, and fo the Committee 
being latisfied in that Feint, they were left to ftand 
in the Bill by general ConfenL 
7*« 15/^ On the ayth of November the Bill was read the 

I'f.^J^f third time, ami the Debate ran as high as it had 

third ttme, ^ ^ . - . _ o 

thereupon. Acr the Bill ftiould be committed. Mr. Methwen who 

done five Days before, when the Queftion was wher 

M-.Mcth. ftood up firft,took notice, ' That the greateft part of 
wenV ' the former Debate bad run upon two things ; on 
%^e€ch.. * the one fide, the inconveniency of Bills of At* 

* tainder, or at leaft the having them too frequent j 

* on the oxher fide, that it is neceflary to have them 

* fometimes, that no Perfons might think they were 

* out of reach, it they could evade the Law^ that 

* were made to punim ordinary OflFcnders. That 

* he thought both thefe Points too general, and that 

* this Bill, as every other, ought to have its Fate up- 
' on the particular Circumftances of the Cafe b^- 

* fore the Koufe ; that whoever gave his Affirma- 
■ tivc to this Bill, ought to be convinced, that Sir 
^John F(p«wiH was Guilty of Migh-Trea(bn ; and 

* alfo, that there are extraordinary. Reafons why the 

* Nation did profecute him in fo extraordinary a 

* manner ; and that he* tboughrneither of thefe Was 
♦fofficient alone. That if . between the Indi^hnent 
^ and Trial Gfiodm^n ftxould hav^ died, .and-^heift 


WILLIAM the third. 5^^ 

* had been no other tlea(bn for Attdbting Sir John ^^ (*; 
^ Fenmcli^ but onhr the want of his Evidence, he j^q^' 

* (Mr. Msthxmi) mould not have thought it a fiif- t^n^sl 
' ficient Reafon, tho] the Houfe fliould have had an ^■^'^^ 

* Opjportunity of being inform'd of this particular 

* pvidence,^ and believed him Guilty ; that if Sir 

* John Fem^ick,^\d not appear Guilty, he did not 
^rnink any Reaibn of State could juftifie this Bill,' 
^ thV Sir John had prevaricated, and beba\red him- 

* ffelf to the diffatisfaftion of every Body ; and there- 

* fore he thoqght there muft be both thefe. The 

* Houfe having heard the Evidence, Mr. Methwen 

* (aid, he would not repeat it, but rather come to 

* thofe things that diftinguiflfd Sir John FenwhlC^ 
^ Ca0 ; ogly he took notice that they had given - 

* Sir John Liberty to^ make his Defence, and had 

* fully heard him, which l^d alterM the Reafon of 

* a great many Precedent^ cited from my Lord 

* Cooke^ and other Aythors. That that which di- 

* itinguifh'd this Cafe, was the great Danger the Na- 
^ tion was in from this Conipiracy, whi^ he. found 

* by the General Opinion of all Perlbns, was bqk 

* thought yet at an end, and that there ieem'd likewiie 

* to be an Opinion as general, that Sir John Fen^ 

* mck could have contributed to their Saiety by n 

* DifcQvery. That the next Circumftance was, that 

* Sir John Fenxpick knowing the Expe6i:ation the 
^ Nation had from him , that he could have 

* contributed to their (afcty, had made ufe of that 
*' to put ofF his Trial ; and at laft had made fuch a 
^ Paper as tended to the creating of new Dangers, 

* that by this means Sir lohn Fenmck^ againft whom ' 

* there was two Witnefles when he was ladiSed, 

* had delayed his Trial, (b that now there was but - 
^ pne ; and there was a violent Prefiimption, that 

* ^his Perfon was withdrawn by. the Pra<3jifes of Sir 
^Ijohn "BenwiclCs Friends. That there was, in Mr^ 

* Methwcn^ Opinion, as great a Confideration as 
^any of theie; that the publick Reientment of the 
^ l^at^n tor (uch his Behaviour^ was the only means 
^ His praflife had left the Houle to prevent the danger 
I diat y f t afeij^ained, and it ^eiped ^eceflary for their 


The Reign of King 

Safety to come,tbe next beft waVtCo what he would 
hmt done £» tbrm \>j bis Diftovery. 
^ That thete bad been great doubts raiied againft 
the Evidence that had been giren, not (b much 
whether it be fiich Evidence as ought to endiiie 
Ait Commons to betieve him Guilty, but whe- 
ther it be fiich as they fhould hear in the Capacity 
they were in } And whether stfrer k was found iUxck 
as it was, that is to %, not (uch as would Con- 
mSk him upon another Trial , Whether they 
mi^t (b credit it, as that it (hould influence 
jthem to give their Vote for this Bill of Attainder ? 
That it was laid, that the Commons were try- 
ing of Sir SAn Ffnwlck,^ diat they were Judged 
and Jury, and they were obliged to proceed ac- 
Gordmg to the fame V^Ues^ tho' not the Ms f hod of 
Wtfimin^n-HaU ; Secundum Megata (S Probata : 
But that the State of the Matter, as it appeared to 
him was, that they were in thciT L^ijlative Power^ 
making a new Law for the Attaiiitmg of Sir Job^ 
fbrafffVi[, and for exempting his particular Cafe 
from being cry'd in thofe Courts of Judicature, 
and by thofe Rules which they had appointed for 
the Trial of other Causes, and trying of it them- 
Helves^ fifthej^ would ufe that word, tho* impro* 
pcrly) in which Cafe the Methods diflFer'd from 
what the Laws made by themfelves require in 
other Cafes ^or thi5 was never to be a Law for 
any other, ihat this being the State of the Cafe. 
it guite put the Commons out of the Methods or 
Trials, and all the Laws that are for limiting 
Rules for Evidence at Trials in PVeftmnfter^Halt^ 
and other Judicatures ; for it miift be agreed, the 
feme Rule of Evideiice u\u(k be obferV(d in ano* 
thcr Place, a^ well a$ fVefiwinJhr'^Hall^ that is in 
Impeachments; and that it h^d always been £^ 
taken. That the Notion of two Witneflea being 
neceffary bad fo much gained upon fet^ Member^ 
oftheMoufe,that they had feidy'BW thistnasrcfui" 
red hy the Lav^ of Nature^ the snfivetffl taw rf N4, 
tions^ W4r, h the eternal L^vf pf God i That, if it 
was fb, there would be no doubt but it would ob- 
lige the Common^, but he thought that the Reafen 


W I LLI A M /i&^ third. zip 

whyanyMandcfefvestDbepunifli'dis,hecaufehci« *i^. G- 
Criminal, let his Crime be made evident any^iray 1694^. 
wbatfoever; for whatfbeyer makes the Trutbevi- \Jf'l0\i 
dent, is* and is accounted in alt Laws tq be Exri- 
dence; Tb^t the Rules for examining whether 
any Pcribn is Guilty gr not, and the Evi4ence 
that is allowM as fumcienr, is diflerent in all Na- 
tions: That the Tryals in tngland dl&nr from aH 
other Nations, not only tb^t the Offendprs ^re 
Try'd by a Jury, which is particular to this Nati* 
on, but the Witnefles are to be produced Pace to 
Face before the Perfbns accusM ; and befides they 
had made Laws that there Cboula be two WitaeOes 
in Cafeg of High-Treafcn, wherein they \^cre die 
Envy of all other Nations. That the Eyi* 
dence that is to be given againft the Criminals^ 
differ in the fameNation, when the Of&ncediiSers ; 
that there is a difference between the Evideopd 
that will conviiS: a Manof FWoii^, and the Evidence 
that is to conyxQi a Man of Treaibn ; and that the 
Evidence to conv]£l a Man of the lame Crime has 
been different in the fame Nation in diftereoe 
Times. ^ That by the Common Law of Englani 
that Evidence was fufiicient to convi6b a Man pf 
an^ Crime, which was fu£{icient to make the Jury 
believe the Perfon Guilty \ that thus before the Sta- 
ture of Bdv^ard yj. a Man might be convioed of 
Treafon by one Witnefi, tho* that Statute ^^9 
made upon great Reafons, and appears to be fpr 
the publjlc Good, by the general Apprqbatipn it 
has receivM : but that he did not thipk in theic 
iProceedings here, they were bound by it. Th$t 
ibme Members argued thus, Sh^ll xpe that anp the 
fupream Authority^ (as tqc are part of it) ga upon Mfs 
Evidence tofatisfie our fclves of Sir John Fenyick's 
Guilty than atber Courts ? jind/hall we refort to this 
extraordinary way in this Cafe} To this \Ax.l4fitb- 
wen anlwer-d, That If it did (hake the manner of 
Tfyals belov. he (hould be very qnwillinff to dp 
it; but he di4 take it clearly, that it could not 
make the leaft ;ilteration in the Proceeaingi of any 
Court, but on the contrary he tbouebt t&re wa$ 
fio Wronger Argument for their Retorting to this 




the StAte 

(jf Venice: 

The Reign of King 

extfaordinary^ way, than that of the Care and Cau- 
tion with which their Law had provided for the 
E>efence of the Innocent \ for if they confider'4 all 
thofe Laws that had been made for that pufpofe ; 
*twas plain it muft have been in the view qf their 
Anceftors, that many Criminals might by this 
means efcape. That their Laws are made for or- 
dinarv Tryals^ and for^thefe'things that happen 
ufually, but that there is no Gdvernipent in the 
World,^ where there is tiot Refbrt to extraordinary 
Power in Cafes that require it. That the EngUfh 
Government indeed had this Advantage, that they 
could keep to Rules which others cannot ; That 
in a very * wife Government all the ways of puni- 
fliing Crimes ot this nature, are extraordinary; 
That Perfbns arc condemned there, not only un- 
heard, but before they are legally accusM ; and 
that is thought necefl&ry there, which would not be 
endur'd here ; and yet that Government has con-r 
tinu*d fo many hundred years, and no endeavours^ 
havie been made to alter it, tho' Kb many noble Fa«- 
milies have fofferM by it. 

' That the next Argument was from the Prece- 
dent the Commons were about to make, and that, 
they had been told, Whatever the other Precedents^ 
had heen^ what they did novp would be a Precedent for 
them and their Poflerity, To this Mr. Methweti 
feid, That if xbis Precedent (bould appear to Po- 
fterity to b^a Precedent of an Innocent Man, or, 
a Perlbn wnofe Guilt was doubted oF, or one whofi^ 
Guilt: did pot plainly appear'; and this Bill fliould 
be' carried b]^ a prevailing Party, he did agree it; 
was a verj^ ill mcedent : But if the Cafe^be, that; 
this Preced^t wou]d appear to Pofterity upon 
the Truth of the-thrin^, to be a Precedent made of 
a Man notorioufly Guilty, of a Man that had de- 
ferv'd this extraordinary way of Proceeding, and 
this general Refentment of the Nation, and that 
nothing could have hindred tbi« Man from the 
Common' Juftice of the Nation, Inichis having en- 
deavour'd to elude it in this matter; and ifitap- 
pear'd that the Commons would not be put off 
fo, but that their In^ignjition made aa Example 

Wl L L i A.M the third; , 211 

oFthis Man, he (hould not be (brry k ftiould A. C. 

appear to Pofterity ; but he believed Polferity 1 6^6. 
Would, fas he thought they ought) thank theqxv^/^^v;^ 
for it. That for his own particular,, while he was. * 

Innocent, he fliould not think his Life in, danger, 
to be judged by 400 BngUfh Gentlemen, and the 
Peerage of England^ with the Royal AfTent ; that 
when he reflefted, he could not be of Opinion,, 
that the Govemmeht * could have procured a* /« the 
Parliament 16 have paffed a Bill of Attainder ^,'.Rei;^ns of 
gainft my Lo'rd\uffel^ or Mr. Comi/h, or even Mr. ^- Charlei 
CoSeJge^ he did not think all the Power of the^- ^"^ 
Government could have prevailed to have done J*°*** ^'' 
that, altho' they could prevail to have thfim cori- 
demn'd by the Forms of Law, That here he 
fiw that a great ^ many Gentlemen hsid oppos'd 
every flep of this Bill, for fear of making an /// 
Precedent, iho* ihofe Gentlemen did believe in 
their priv^lte Confciences, that Sit John Fenwkk^wsis 
Guilty ; that he could not fee, that any Perlbti 
could be in Danger byfiich a Bill, an^ therefore . 
the Conclufion he made for himfelf was, TA4> he 
W4S convinced in his Confciences that Sir John Fen- . 
wick was Guilty of High treajon, and that there was . 
Heafons fo extraordinary tp fhpfort this Bill of At^ 
tainder, that he did not fee how any P erf on that was 
fo convincd^ could refufe to give his Affirmative to 

this Bill. This Speech was immediately anfwery 
by Sir Godfrey Copley^ who after a fliort Preamble, 5,> Qq^j, 
fiid, ' That it is the Cuftom and Law of this Na* ftcy Co- 
*tion to require two pofitiVc Witncffes to prove pleyV 

* Treafoh, and tho* he thought without the utmoft Spchh. 

* neceflity it was not prudent to deviate from that 

* Rule, yet he would not argtie from thence that the 

* Commons were tied up to It; it being certain, that 

* the Legiflative Authority, which has Power to abro- 

* gate all Laws now in being, cannot be tied up to 

* any Rules of Humane Prelcription ; but that there 

* are the eternal Rules of Equity and Juftlce, and 

* right Realbn and Conlcicnce ; and thc(e, he thought 

* are unalterable, and never to be fwerv'd from ; and 

* therefore he would take the Liberty to fee how fat* 

* agreeable their Proceedings were to thefe Rules. 
That he look'd upon it as a Fundamental Breach 

• ' ot 


A. C 

the Reign of King 

of theie Rules, for an Accufation to be given in 
ag^inft a Man behind his back, by he know$ noz 
whom, or by any with whom he is not confront- 
ed and brought ace to face. That he was one 
of thoft that Iook*d upon Sh* John Fefnpicli to be 
Guilty, of which there was a Proof by one Wit-' 
nefi, and^ to this they had added an Indi(9:a]ent 
that was 'pro\r'd ; but that he thought that to be 
fo far from giving any ftrength to' the Evidence^ 
that, in his Opinioo* the Injuft^e which attended 
it, made the Scales lighter than they were before. 
For' if any Bill or Writing (worn behind a Man's 
back, may be us'd as part of Evidence, he did 
by Parallel ReaC)n argue, that the like may make 
up the whole at one time or other ; and then the 
Information of every two profligate Knaves be- 
fore a Secretary of 5tate, or a Juftice oi Peace, 
fliould be (iifiiciem without antr living Teftimony , 
to make a Man run the hazard of his Ufe. That 
he^ was not at all convinced of the necefCty of 
this Proceeding, but as he thought thofe that 
brought this matter to the Hou% of Commons 
wifer than himfelf, lo he would not examine what 
Realon they had to do it : tho' it was (b little a- 
greeable to him, he wifli'd it had not come there* 
That it was not to be luppos'd that the Govern- 
ment Was in hazard by a Mai\ as Sir 70^11 Fcfmick^ 
who was faft in Nexi^gaPe -^ neither was it to be ex« 

fcGted that a Man tliat had been Six Months in 
rifbn, and no Body come at him, might make 
(uch a Difcovery, as might be wordi their while, 
Btf/, fiud he, fuppefe you had a Man of Invemim 
and PraBife^ what afpur do you put to it ? May not 
a Man of Parts^ when he has no other way to fdve 
himfilfy may not he form [uch a Plot^ asjhould it ^ain 
Beliefs might make the be/i SubjeBs in England 
tremble ? He added. That 'twas not for Sir John 
FenwicIC^ Life that he argu'd, not thinking it of 
fb great Value, to defer ve Co long^ and ^esm ^ 
Debate in thisHoufe, nor the Conuderation offo 
great an A(^embly^ after this manner ^ but that if 
this Method of Proceeding be warranted by aa 
t Enilijh Parliament, there is an end to the Defence 

* of 

WIX^tlAM tk Third. x%i 

of any Man living, be he never fo InnooHit. TTiat A, C 
be heard it memionM, on fhe other fidfe, that Kmg j j'gg' 
James attainted t a great nuthber of Perifensin a v^^^^yxi 
Catalogue, in a himp ; That he was not itraid of ♦ 73^^, ^^^ 
•wlmt Arbitrary Princes did,hor an frifh Pariiamcm j dom in 
but he was afraid ofwhaft ftould be i9one hot ^ Ireland, 
and was conoemM for the Honour of their fto- 
cecdings, that it might be a Precedent to a Foture 
Parliament in an tf ^ign^ to do that, which he was 
fitisfied, the Commons now would not db. TTiisM'.FoIayV 

* was backed by Mr. Foley ; the SpeaJcefs Son ; who ^t^^h. 
(aid, * He was not lor bringing the Blood of Sir Jofm 

* Fenwicki upon himfeif, am his Poflerity,tior could 
he give his Gonfent to a Precedent for theta to be 
hanged without Evidence ; That he had as much 
Zeal for this Government as any Man, but all 
the Government was concerri'd tii, was, that a 
Man the Commons thoi^t a Trayror, Ihould 
live. That he thought the Government was no 
more concern-d in Sir ^hn ¥tfmicl(i Life, than ih 
the Living of any Jacobite in England ; but on 
the other hand, he tW^t the Lives and Liber- 
ties of the Su^6ts of Englartd were concern^, and 
that b^ this Bill they would make all their Lives 
and Liberties precarious. Theft two latt ^edies ne Ufd 

were anfwerM by my LordCwr/, who; as became a CutsV 
a Soldier and a Man of Honour, took notice of the S^w*. 
' Heinoufnefi of Sir John fetmicl^s Crime ; * Who had 
aftcd contrary to the Rules of Honour ; andthat 
he thought Sir John Would have made a much 
better Figure, tf he had ap^r'd in Arms m Flan^ 
dersy where he might have charged the Ktiig at 
the Head of his Troops, than bafely to have coix- 
trhred his Death in this manner. As to tfce nece^ 
fity of this Proceeding bis Lordftip faid, that if 
ever there Was an extraordinary Cafe' this Was one ; 
and if any Government was in Danger, this was, or 
might be, upoii their Refdlbtton this day. That 
ajpreat deal bf ftrefi had been laid upon this Ar- 
gument, that Sllr John Ftnmck was in Hold : which 
he toc4c to be nothing, fince the Confpirators 
kept a Gombinatiort ftill ; urging, Thar 'tis by 
Rewards and Pomftmeidts that all Governments 

' arc 

ix4 The ReigH if KiH^ 

A. C ^are (upporced. That Robberies were (b domrndd 
1696 * in Franc^i that a Man could not walk after it was 
dark, but by Puni(hmencs they had brought it to 
that, that one might ride from one end of that 
Kingdom to another with a Purfe of Gold in 
ones Hand ; and if the Commons thought it a 
trifling Matter, that wicked Men, that had fucb In- 
clinations mould efcape, he did not doubt but 
they mi^ht have Plots every day. Tha^ he be- 
lieved Sir John Fenmck, knew a great deal that he 
had never laid before the Houie, and tho* be 
would not be thought to prefi it as an Argument 
thats^ fhould be condemned, becaufe he would 
not coitfefs ; yet his LordQiip would be bold td 
fiy, if Sir John did know of a great many Per- 
K>ns that had been concerned in this Buline^^ if 
he knew of a riiing that was defign'd, when this 
Conipiraoy was to be executed, (and which might 
be executed if things fhould be ripe for it) tho' 
the Commons kept him In Hold, it would be an 
Encouragement to his Accomplices to go on in 
their Cabak I think. 9 continued his Lordlhip, the 
Matter before you is no lefs than the Fate of Eng- 
land, and the Fate of Europe, and of all your Poftt- 
rity : I am fur e it is : And give me leave to fay to you 
one thing that is Matter of FaH^ there are thofe Sto- 
ries infinuated abroad, and Matters of FaSi offer ted, 
with Relation to a Confpiracy, and reviling this 
Houfe, that are not fit for me to fpeal^. But your 
Enemies laji Tear, before the breathing out ofthis€on* 
^fpiracy^ had the fame fort of Meetifjgs, and the fame 
\jort of Difcourfe as they have now. His Lordfhip 
ended with protefting to them, That he deal^wiih 
Sir John Fcnwick with the fame Candor and Honour^ 
as hejhould always defire to be dealt with bimfelf In 
Oppohtion to this Speech in favour of^ the Bill, Sir 
5irCbari«s ^'•'^'^'^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^» ' That it ought well tobe con- 
CartcrccV * Cder'd before it paffed \ for when it was paflfed, 
Bftech. * it would be too lare to retrieve the ill Confequencc 

* which mij^ht attend it. That there was fo much 

* Roguery m the World, that he thought; it a hard 

* Matter to arrive at the Truth ; that 'twas not 
f long ago there was a Plot coatriv'd by one Toung 



, WI L LI AM fi?^(? Third. ^%s 

^ and others, againft the Bifliop of Upchefler ; ahd A. C* 
fo cunningly contrived, that it a Bill of Attainder 16^6 
had been Drought in againft that Prelate, he did^^^/^/vJ 
not know what might have been the Confequence 
of it. That he fupposM no Body queftion'd the 
Truth of this Plot;B«^ added he, God forbid tbaf 
every Body that has been nanidfor it^Jkouldbe Guil- 
ty. It may be true^ that there was Jucb a Meeting 
that Sir John Fenwick is accufed of being at, and 
yet Sir Jonn Fenwick might-not be there^ and I dp 
not think, it fufficiently frovedy and therefore I cannot 
give my Con/ent to this Bill, Sir Edward Seymcur sir fiJ- 

bppoled it wiih more Vehemence, as one that was ward Scy- 
perfwaded that it was not juft. * He firft urgM,inoutV 
' that moft Bills of Attainder had been reversed, bQ-^/*'^^- 
caufe the Perfbns condemned, had not had the due 
benefit of the Law ; and if that was a good Rea- 
fon for Reverfing (uch Attainders, *iwas a good 
one why they fhould not pais this. ^ Then he too^ 
notice, That the beginnmg of this Bill in the 
rtoufe of Commons was the firft ftep of this kind, 
that had been made in Parliament, except that of 
the Duke oi Monmouth -^ That the Reafon of it he 
took to be this, becauft they neither Hear nor 
Condemn upon Oath ; and they, nor the Party uq- 
der Accufation have that advantage againft a for- 
fworn Evidence, as there is in the Upper- Houle ; 
and that the Method bad been to pafi iuch Bills io 
the Houfe of Lords, and tranfinit them to the Con^- 
mons,upon which they then judg'd.That he thought 
in this Cafe, inftead of two WitnelTes, they had 
no WitnefTes at all ; that as to Goodman^ de no^ 
apfdrentibus^ (3 non exijientibus eadem eif l{atio'j As 
to Porter, he was a Perlon engag'd in this Confpi- 
racy, that had no Repentance of his Crime tijl 
he Was diicoverM, ahd then he came to be an Evi- 
dence. That how far that fhould (way with them 
he fubmitted, bu« thus much he defir'd to be al- 
lowed to (ay, that in far lc& Cafes no Man that 
does fwear for himfelf, or upon his own Account, 
is to be admitted as an Evidence ; that if a Rob- 
bery be committed ^in an Hundred, tho' a Maiji 
be but (0 pay a Croat towards it, he (hall not 

ftqq ^ !be 

A. C. * be an Evidence j Hovf much more tben^ Iai4 he^ iik 
I ($9^. ^ thisCafe^ when i Man comes to So^eHr to tal{e away 
I* another Man's Life to fave his ovpn ? For he is noi 

* in the Condition of a FreerHan^ who gives his Evidence 

* without Checks or Controul^ but be is dfudging on 

* for his Pardon, which depends According to the Evi- 

* ience^ he does give or not give. He added, that for 
^ his pait, be could not go (o far as fbme Members 
^ had done, to lajr Sir John Yenwick, was Guilty, 

* for where there is no Law, there is no TranfgreH 
.* fion ; That the Law has required and laid. That 
^ there Jhall he no Treafon but what is frovd by two 

* credible PVitneJfes^ and here it apppar'd that the^ 
^ had not one ^ That the fame Law that calls ic 

* Trealbn, (ays, ic fhallbe fo prov'd ; and if thcV 

* paffed that Bill they made that Treafon, which 

* before was not Treafon. That the Law did re* 

* quire two Witneflcs, and there was Divine Au- 
,* thority for it too ; to which purpofe he inftancM 

* in two Paffages of Scripture, the one in Numbers^ 

* and the other in Deuteronomj. That the Law 

* injoins Forms ftridHy, even to the leaft Circum* 

* ftance ; That»if a Man-be condemned to die, and af - 

* ter he is condemned to die» another without Autho- 

, m Docn incic v^aics il 15 iviuiucr , lu inac ivicn are 

'* not left to a difcretionary Power to ad according 

* to their- Confciences. That he took the Reafon, by 

* which this Bill was fiipported, to be deftruilive 

* to all Humane Society ; for , it that be admitted, 
.* that a Man fliall a6l aCcordiQg to his Conieience, 

* and not according to the Rules that are prefcrib'd 

* him, be CSir Edward) knew not Ifirho was fefe, for 
' how^ could an Innocent Man make his Defence up- 

* on that Principle ? That it was a fefe Confiderati- 

* pli for chein that toojc uport them that Way of judg-s 

* ing, becaufe they were bound by no Rtdes ; but 
^ that Felton^ who kill'd the Duke of Buckingham^ 

* knd HavdiUacj that klli'd Heniy iV. In France^ ju- 

* ftified their Murders by their Confciences, pre- 
l tcndidg xhtf had done il good thing j and he 

- - - - might 

W ' 

W I L L t A M /i'tf thinl. ^^> 

\ might fay this Argument of Confbience had a^bed A« GL 
' all the ylUariy otthe laft Age, and he was afraid, i^p^« 
had gone a great way to difturb the Happinefiy^^Y>^ 
of this. Thar if this be a Rule to this Houle, 
how was the King BoUhd ? That he thought he 
had been Bound by Law : Sut if this fliould bci 
admitted as an Argument, 'twas enough to (ay^ 

If this Houfe be Arbitrary^ the l^ng isfbtooi That 
he did hot reffe6t upon thfs Reign'; but it Would 
be enough to lay, tho^ he aB againfi }Law^ and turn ^ 

Twentjf CoUedges out of Doors^ his Confcience ferfvoih^ 
ded him to it. That they faw how ufaboutided 
the Liberty the Lords took, Was, Tbej dre^ laid 
he, become Majiers of all our EJiaies^ and t would be 
very lo4th for my Eftate to defend upon the feeble Te- 
nure of a Lorts Confcience. iVe hai)e been told ii 
is expe^ed from us by our Country^ that Wf fkould 
exert oMr Authority and Power ; J would have been 
glad thdt in Cafes fnore rea finable we had exerted the 
Power and Authority of Parliament ; J wijh it had 
gone to the freVentitig ihe debafing the Cdin j J wiJh it 
would be exerted^ that ioe might not fee ^ur felvei 
cheated under CountenUnce of an AH of ParlidmeHt; 
but contrary to ih^t^ you ars fond of being ffrinkjed * 
with the Blood of 5iV John Fenwick. As long as the 
Government is not in Danger ^ I believe she Country 
would be glad^ that their Blood might run fecuro in 
their VeinSj and not to be tapt upon every Occafion to 
fetve a turn \ for if you breaks tho Lawty what Man 
can promife himfelf Security ? IVe kjtowthe Confequenee : 
if this Bill does not pafs^ ^iV John Fenwick may live 
in Mifery all this time ; but what this Precedent mdj^ 
tnakfi ^^ ^^^ ^^^ /cr/^^. this Bill is againfi the 
Law tf Godf againjl the Law of the Land : It doek 
contribute to the Subverfion of our Cor^itutioHy and 
to the Subverfion of aU Governments ; for if there be 
Hjtlet to be obferv^d in All Governnientiy and nb 6o* 
vefrninent can be without thenij if you defirojf tbkfi 

Silei^ you dejhojf aB Governments. And therefore^ Con- 
Uded he, nb Body will thinly itfiranvoi if t give, t^ 
• Negative to thit BilL Thetcupoii Mr. Chaneelhrf ^ *> , . 
df the£jcc*f^iftrrftood lip, and took Ndtlcc, •that^j3^ 

! the Gwtlcmari that (pake laft. had atf rfcd ti* Rca^ JS' 


A. d. 



Tht Reigfi of King 

fon againfl: this Bill a little farther than Ibmc o-, 
thers, for now they were not to rejeft the Bill 
for want of one Wkriefi that was legal in Pf^eji- 
minftfr-Hall'^ but it feetti'd there was no Evidence 
at all ; Captain Poner not being Pardon'd, and ) ct 
Drudgingfot bis Pardon, (b that Sir Edward arraign- 
ed thd Evidence, as to all that had been con* 
demn'd upon Fortcrh Teftimony, as not fuSicient, 
and hpped that' would be the Judgment of the 
Houft upon this Bill : But he^ C Mr. Chancellor ) 
thought, if the Houfc (hould rejed: this Bill upon 
that Argument, it would go further than manjr 
meant, mat opposed it. \ That Sir Edward compa- 
red the Conviaions that every Body had upon 
their Judgment, who ^akc from the "Proofe that 
were made that Sir John Fenmck was Guilty, to 
the Whimfies of two or three Mad-men, whereas 
the Commons went according co the Evidence 
brought at the Bar ; That upon that Convi6lion» 
according to the Duty he ow'd his Country, and 
thcConftitutionof£«f/4i»J, when a Bill did come 
to punifli the Man whom he thought Guilty, he 
thought he ought to be for the Bill. That as to 
what was laid out oi^Deuteronomy^ that the Law of 
God was againft it, if they would argue a fortiori^ 
'twas Utterally true in the Cafe of Murder \ but 
whether Murder and Treafbn, there was the Life 
of a Man concerned, and 'tis not the Puniflimenc 
whether to be hang'd,or hang'd drawn or quartered, 
makes any great difference. That if they went 
to make Precedents from the Jew/Jh Law ^ then he 
(aid, the Law of England was againft that Law^ 
in Caft of Murder i and by the lame Rea(bn they 
might defire leave to bring in a Bill to repeal 
all thoft Laws, He urg'd, That if this was the 
eternal Law of God and Man, that there muft be 
two Witnefles, where was this eternal Law in Eng-^ 
land^ before Edward the Vlth's time ? And why 
did it not hold in England even in (bme Cales of 
Treafcn to this Day, meaning, the Trealbn of 
Clipping and Coining ? So that the Nature of thefe! 
Faults arc what the La^xr of every Country or- 
dains^ and that is the Law« That the way of £• 


WILLIAM theXhirJ. iip 

vidence, and Proof too, difFer'd in every Countrjr • A. C. 
that there was never any Government in whicp i^p^. 
there was not a Power lodg'd feme where to l^ei^V%J 
exerted upon extraordinary Occafions^ beyond the 
common way of Profccution ; and tnat In this 
Cale, in the la ft Law made in £«f/<f«rf to regulate 
Trials of Treafon, there was a Provifo whereby 
Proceedings in Parliament were ablblutely ex- 
cepted. That, as to what was (aid, that this was 
the firft Precedent of this kind begun in this Houfe, 
but that of the Duke of Monrmuthy be believed if ' 

this Bill of Attainder was not to be begun in thjs 
Houfe, 'twas not to be brought in at all ; therq 
being a Statute, that the Life of a Commoner is 
never to be meddled with by the Lords origin4* 
ly. That upon the whole Matter, he thought this 
Bill came before them with more Circumftances 
and Reafons tq juftific It, than any that had been 
brought there before ; and as he thought this Man 
was Guilty, fo he thought the Precedent woul^ 
be more fataU to fiy, that a Parliament could not 
proceed in fuch a Cafe, than that a Guilty Maq .- / 

(hould liifFer, and therefore he was for this Bill. *- ■ ^*^ 
Sir H^lfftCrofis maintained Mr. Comptroller's Argu.5irH<p| 
ments' and faid, ' As to thoft Inftances that theCroft$*x 
worthy Member was pleas'd to make ufe of ^aillaq^f^^^^' 
and Felton^ fhall thofe extraordinary Cafes, thac 
which Men did in the heat of Blood and private 
Malice, (hall thofe be brought to bear a Parallel 
with \vhat is done in Parliament for the Juftice ot 
the Nation? I do not ^oubt but there are Men 
enough In their Confciences, at leaft with Pretence 
of it, will juftifie the Deftruftion of the prefent 
Government, and Religion, and every thing elfc ^ 
all thofe Men that deny the Right of the Govern- 
ment, have Con^ience and Juftice enough to fiib- 
vert it if they could ; and therefore I do not fo^ 
much wonder, that many Men without Doors have, 
argued in that Nature: He added. That his Con- . 
feience was the Ruje he muft goby, and to him. 
the Qpeftion wa^, only whetner Sir John l%»i»/ci^ 
be Guilty or not Guilty, that he was called to, 
fiiTe bis Judgment in it, an4 he thought he was! 

9.qqi 5bQu64 

i^o ^^ R^if/^ ^f King 

A. C * bound by the L^w. of Nature, by the Law oF the 
1^9^. ^ Nation, and he ftw nothing in the Law of God 

^^,>yf>^ * that prohibited him, to give his Judgnaent accord- 
Mng to the Evidence, and the Opinion he had it\ 
^his Confcience of the Truth of it. That If there 
^ was no fiich Rule that reoqires twq Witnefles; 
^ binding upon him, if he might go upon one Wit- 
^ nefs, if be beiievM this . Vvitnefi (polce true, and 
^ that the JPerfbn was Guilty; then he was bound 
^ to a& for the Prefervation of the Nation, and all 

* ^hei^r Pofterity ; for they that made this Attempt, 
^ made it upqn both, and it was not (b (mall a mat- 
^ ter as fomc rcprefented it. That 'twas nfot the 
^ I'erfon, io mucn as the nature of the Fa£t they 
.^werc to ^onfider. That he thought he had that 
^ Freedom, and he was (b little bound by the^ 
^ Rules that had been urg'd, that if both Witneffes 

* were here^ and gave Teftimony againft Sir John 

* T^enwicl^ ; if he did not believe him Gr\iilty, he 
^ wo^ld rather lQ(e his Life than Vote him io ; biu 
*on the contrary, if here was fufficient Evidence tq 
^ convince him, tho' not according to the Rules of 

i . *t» ^ inferior Co^irts, be would nip^t ifubieiS): th|Jj|jeedoni 

* of Parliaments to thofe Rules. That irt^y laid 
' it for a DoiSkrine in this Houfe, (for, laid he, a 
^ Refblutiqn here taken, i^ a$ m^ch a Rule here 
^ as a Law, iot it (hould be brought as a Precedent) 
^ that they would never attaint any Man, or fing 
^ (uni Guilty but upon two Witneffes, he thpught 
^ the Government and all they had, flood upon a 

* tottering Foundation ; fox he muft be a very or- 
^ dinary States- man that could no^ lay his Plot, (b. 
^ as not %o be reach'd by two Witneffes. Therefore 
^he thought it became the Wifclom of Parliament^ 

* not to declare themfelves bound in that Re^ed ; 

* he would have them hound by Jufliic^ hut not hy 
^ the common Rqles oi the Law. Thereupon, 

^rr Robert ^^ Mpi^ Conm ftood up, and laid, ^ He foui\d lome 
f^oiconV ' Gf ntJmen did very ovjch inilft in this Cale, that 
^hjtt^h. ' ^ if ^ Member did believe that Sir iobn Fenmcl( 

W I L L I A M /i&e ThirJ. ijt 

* had^hefliould not be there now,nor would the Lord jft^. C 

* iVmrington^ who was very Inftrumcntal in promq- g <Ij>(f# 
^ ting the Revolution, have died in his Bed ; ^my 
^ Lord and himfelf having been aQpufed of a Crime, 

* which if prov'd by two Wirnefles had been Trea- 
^ foa That he had heard fome Gcnflemen fay in 

* this Houfe, that they did believe my Lord ^^r^ 
' rinzton was Guilty rtho' he was not Guilty of the 

* Fact, as it was laid,) there being a Man that fwore, 

* and fome c6rroborating Evidence ; but that as to 
f lAr.Qffiey gnd himfelt,ther^ was none but one Wit- 

* nefi, and they were indifted for Mifdeipeanors, 

* tbo' it would have been Treafon, if there had beer^ 

* two Witnefles. Npb?, argu'^d Sir F(^hen^ if the fame 

* Fact was Treafon when frovd by fwp Witneffes^ ani 
^ but Mifdemeanor when frovd by one^ mcthinl(Sy wc 

* 4re' doing an extraordinsry th^ng : iVk are going af^ 
' ter the FaH conpnitted^ to fnal{e that which iV tut 4 

* Mifdemeanor to be Treafon, 4nd for thefe Reafons^ 

* concluded he, 1 car!t agree to thefajjing of this Bill. 

The, Lord iy^rr^r;, who rofe up next, confeft, ' That J** ^^f 

* Sir Henry Crofts had given Arguments that (hook 5*^"?^ ^ 

* him more than all that he had heard before ; for^**^^^ 
^ he (aid, There were a great many Men^ who^ if they. 

* might proceed according to their Confciences would fub^ 
^ vert this Govemmjtntj and bring in King James an4 
f Arbitrary Power ^ and that every Precedent it^ this 

* Houfe is e^nal to a Law., and mlliuJHfie the li^ for 
' the future , and therefore his Lorafhip was very ux^- 
^ willing to n^ake a {Precedent that flxould jufttfiq 
' Men in fuch ill A6|tions, in laying their Cor^c^" 
^ enc^s prompt;ed them to it. Mr. Hammond fpokp 

* on the feme fide, and fitd, * That the Power opj^ Ihxxk^ 
^ Parliaments was tK>t lcffen'(^ iFthis Bill did not pafi : mondV ' ' 

* But the queftion was, whether this^ l^ower fhoul^S^Mih, 

* be exerted in this Cafe ? Tbat what feme Men^- • 

* bers alledg'd of being guided by Confcience, ha4 
' no weight with him further than that was gp- 
' vern'd by the Law of the Land ; That if it be ad- 
\ micted In the Cafe c£ Life and Blood, why not m 

* Afeum ^ Tuum} Why was Sir John Ffim^/cj^ brought 
•; to ^eBir(;bexi,if according to their prrvatejui^ment 
I itey w^c to dwrmine *is A&tter : for na Man 


1 3 i , The Reign of Khg 

A. C. * thought but be wa3 Guilty ? That after the Trial 

1696. * and Condemnation of Mr. Cockf^ he had the Li- 

\^y*)^sj * bemr to fee him ; that the grcateft part of the time 

* he fpent with Mr. Cook?^ the latter took up in decla- 

* ring againft the Evidence ofGoodman, and that he 

* would receive the Sacrament upon it, and give it 

* In Writing, as his dying Words ; that he alfb (aw 

* three Witneflcs confront Goodman at Cooke s Trial, 

* and when he heard Coo^e fay this, it weigh'd fo 

* much with him, that he had very great ground 

* oF Su^icion that Goodman was perjured. That here 

* had been popular Expreffions or Plots and Jaeo^ 
■* bitesj that no Man could apply to this particular 
f Cafe, or fay, this was a Cafe wherein they ought 

* to life this extraordinary Power. That Sir John 
i Fenwick was in the Hands of the Law, and no Bo- 

* dy co^^d (ay^ that the Government muft fink, if 

* he did not die ; but if they went from the Rules 

* of Juftice, he believed it would gi\re a great blow 
Mr. Broni'*^ to the Government. Mr. Bromlsy, ov9nd the Power 
ley^^^wir * of Parliaments to be lb tranfcendenc and aWbliite, 

* that it cannot be confin'd within any Bounds ; 

* fltf^, a^ded he, the r^ore jt{/i and hamuraJble it ought 

* to he in its Proceedings, to give an Example 'to infe^ 

* rior Courts \ and tho* their Power cant be deniedy 
^ yet the Bxercife qfit has been cenfuredand condemn d ; 
^ 4nd ABs that hatve fajfed in one Parliament have been 

* in another I{epeaPdy and fometimes feverely branded, 

* Id poiHimus, quod Jure pofllimus ; 'T// certain we 

* are not tied here to the Forms •/Weftminfter-Hall; 

* but certainly we ou^ht to tie our /elves up to the 

* l(utes of Weftminfter-Hall, efpecially when they are 
^founded upon Condon ^ujiicc, which is not mutable, 
^ and ought to be UniveHal. It hu been an Argument 

* to Day^ that the fecurity of the Giroernment requires 

* the paj^ng of this Bill^ tho* I muft obferve it was not 

* that Conjideration^ but the Vindication of an honour^ 

* hie Perfon^s l(^putation, that brought this Matter firji 

* before us ; It does not appear to me. That Sir JohA 
' FenwickV Life or De4th can endat^er the Gevem" 
^ ment ; and upon the whole Matter^ 1 do not think we 
^ have any Occafion to exert a Power^ that no Bodf 
^^ueftion^: J[ tbin^ we are making ^a mofi da^geroiit 

i r . [Precedent 

WlLl.1 A U the third, 133 

Trecedentf and therefore I 4m againft tisis Bitt, Mr, A: C* 
tfarcourt^ and Sir KJchard Temple j gave likewife their i (J j^. 
* Reafbn$ againft the Bill, out were ^nfwcr'd by c^^Si 
Mr. Cmper, who amongft other things fii^, *^ ThafM*. Cow- 
Sir John Fenmck, was not condemned to die, be- pcr*s 
caufe he had by Artifice protrafted the time ap- S^tfck* 
pointed for his Trial, till part of the Evidence was 
withdrawn, but for having been Guilty of High- 
Treafon, manifeftly proved againft him at the 
Bar ot this Houfe. fPill jotf^ continued he, i^ 
this method condemn everyMan that is at any time guilty 
of High Treafon ? No : anlwer^d he : But takp it together ^ 
jphen a Man is Guilty of the worfi of Treafcnsj xvhieh 
would have been manifeftly frov'^d againft him in thq 
ordinary Courje of Proceedings^ hut for his own Con* 
trivance and Artifice ; when a Man by undertakjng tq 
atone for his Crime, ftiH^ by that means^ frotraHs the 
time for his Try al^ till one <ff the Evidences is gone \ 
when a Man^ to delay his Trtal, Jhall pretend to have a 
Heferve^ which he would make kpown to the Kjn^s Bery 
fon only^ and then when he thinks he is got out of the 
ordinary reach of the LaWy Jet the Juftice of his 
Country at Defiance, thefe are Grounds^ not why he is 
condemn'* d to die ^ for that is purely for his Treafon^ 
hut tojufiifie our felves, in relation to our Proceeding . 
againft him in this manner, for my party added Mr, 
Cowper, I am not afraid of what we Pofterity will 
make of this Ex ample ^ if there come fuch Times of Vi* 
olence : Alafs ! they witt not want this Precedent*^ 
there are others which have been cited in this Debate^ 
that will much more juftifie their Arbitrary Proceed- 
ings, Nay^ this Example may rather ferve to proteS 
the Innocent ; For if a Bill of this Nature come 
hereafter to be proceeded upon in Parliament 4- 
gainft another^ he may alledge for him/elf, that Sir 
John Fenwick was heard PerfonaOy, and by his Coun- 
fel\ That Evidence was in that Cafe produced before 
him^ and confronted with him\ There was that extra- 
ordinary in his Crime, which is not in mine j he"^ would 
not only have introduced a Foreign Army, and in that 
committed Treafon ; but afterwards aggravated his 
J Crime 0/ Hi gb'TteaJon^ by endea'^pmng^ when he was 



The Bill 
fitfl in the 
H9ufe 9f 

J^nd in 

the upper 

\ The Mvg^ of King j ; 

in CufioJj^ to abtife (he Kjngy and create a Jealoi^k 
between him and his Minifieru Kir. Sloane, who 
(poke Iikcwife for the Bill, amongft many other 
Tfaipgs faid, ' It is injijtod on one fide^ That here 
are the Laws and l^ibe^tie^ of England at ftal^e^ and 
no ^odj k/iows vifhofe C^e it may be next'^ But pray 
turn the Tables on the other Jide^ and fee what the Caje 
will bey that here is a Gentleman that e^ery Body of 
the Hgyfe does believe Guilty^ That he has been in a 
Conffiracy to bring in the French, and depofe the KS^g% 
and the Man came before fiS;, and we had no Povner ta 
reach him } iVfoat wilt be the Precedent on the other 
fide ? It will be eafie to tal^e off one of fhe PFitneJfes by 
Men of great Eflates^ and then there is no conking af 
them even by the Parliament tljemfehes '^for this Parli" 
ament was ofOpinion^ That they could not come at 
Sir John Fenwickjf tho' they were oF Opinion that 
he was Guilty. Now whereas it was alledg'd by 
Mr. Paget ^ that tho* the Parliament had no |lules at 
all but what they would fix to themfelves, .yet he 
thought nothing was (b plain as that a Rule of their 
own of io late Date, as the A,(i for Regulating 
Trjrals in Cafes of Treafon, which requir'd two 
Witneffes, Ihould be a Rule to them ; He was an- 
(wered by Colonel tVbarton^ who appealed to C7e,ry 
Gentleman in the Hpufe, whether that Aft has any 
fort of Relation to Tr/als in Parliament ? for that 
! was only to direft the Courts in M^y^w/w/e^-HalL 
After thefe weighty Arguments had been ofter^ 
on both fides, the Qyeftion was put for Paffing the 
Bill,^ whereupon the Hoiife divided, and there ap-r 
pearing to be iSjfpr it, againft lyfiwho were for 
rejefting it ; The Affirmative prevail'd, and the 
Bill wa? fent up to the Lords for their. Concurrence. 
The upper Houfe was equally divide4 in their Opi* 
jiions ;and even fome of the beflrFriends to the prelent 
jGovernment, reraain'd ftiff againft this extraordina- 
ry Proceeding ; But a Court Prelate ("not without oc- 
honing a fevere Reflcikion on his Charadlerjhaving 
made a long Speech to (hew the neccflity of Paffing 
fhis Bill, he drew the' Cafting Votes on his fide; aodla 
thip Bill was carri^ by a majority of Seven Voices 
only, tl^ere beit^g ^8 fo? it, and 6 1 againft it. Thofe 

W I LLI AM the thir J. ijs 

Lords who were for the Negative enter'd their Pro- A. C. 
tettation mthe Journal of the Houfe, which thiey iJUgi^ 
grounded on thefcRealbn?^^ ' I, BecaufeBillsof A^ i^^^ 
'' tainder againft Perlbns in Prifon, and who arc Prttaftafim 
therefore liable to be try 'd, by Common Law, are«»»/^*« 
of dangerous Confequence to the Lives of the ^f^^ 
Subjefts ; and may tend to the Subverfion of the^^'*-^ ^^"^ 
Laws of the Kingdom, z. Bccaufe the Evidence* 
of Qrand Jury Men, of what was Sworn before * 
them againft Sir John Fenmcka as alio the Evidence 
of the Petty Jury Men, was admitted here, both 
which are againft the Rules of Law, beGdes that 
they difagfeed in their Teftimony. 3. Becaufe 
the Information of Goodman in Writing was rc- 
ceiv'd, which by Law was not admitted, and the 
Prifoner for want of his appearing Face to Face, 
(as is by Law requir'dJ could not have the Advan% 
tage of Crofs examining him ; And it did not ap^ 
pear by Evidence, that Sir John Fenwiqk^ or any 
other rerfbn employed by him, had any way per- 
fwaded Goodman to Withdraw himlelf. ; And \% 
would be qf very dangerous Confequence, That 
any Perfon fo accus'd mould be Condemned ; for 
by this means, a Witnefs who fhould be foutid in« 
fufficient to Convi^ a Man, (hall have more Pow* 
er to hurt a Man by his AWence, (ban if he were 
prodiic'd viva voce againft him. 4. Becaufe. \l 
Goodman had appeared againft him, he was Infa« ^ 
mous in the wnole courle of his Life ^ and could 
not be a good Witnefs, efpecially in cafes of Blood. 
f. Becaufe in ih's Cafe there was but one Evidence,^ 
vi:{. Porter^ and he a very doubtful one. 6. Laft^ 
I7, becaufe Sir John Fenwiak, was fb inconfidcrabl^ 
a Man, as to endangering the Peace of the Go? 
vernment, that there was n.o ncceifity of Proceec^-^ 
.. ing againj^him, in fo extraordinary^ a manner. ^ 

On tne Eleventh of J4w«4r/ hisMajefty gave the fl//// ^i^ 
Royal Aflent to the k& of Attainder againft Sir John]m. u- 
fenvQickfi and to another kd: to anainifuch of the Per^ 
pm concern'^4m the (ate (^onfpiracy^ $0 ajfajfmnte his 
^^^fif^ ^)^ f^Kfo^f wA^ i9crefiedfi-om Jufiice^ unkfs 
$heji,t^dered tbjen^elifes to.Jii/iicei And for continifing 
j^r^l 9thn of the f4i4 Con/firoPor^ in Cuftodj. In 

X^6 ^^ Reign Qf Kini 

A. C. purfuance of' ^he firft of thofc two Bills, Sir Job^ 
riji. Fffiiw/c)^ was on the 28rh of the fan^e Month beheaded 
\,y>f\j on Tawer^UiU ; having, before the fatal ftroke was gi- 
S/y-Jobn ven, delivered a Paper to the Sheriffs, imporring, 
fienwick * That be dyed in the Communion of the Churdi 
Beheaded, * of England^ as eftabliflh'd by Law, wherein he was 
J|J^- *•• • brougl)tup, and which he had ever proFeft ; tho* 
2^ Vv h^coi^fcft he had been an unworthy Member of 
i^^MiiH * '^ J^ ^^^ Ii^i"8 "P ^o theftria and excellent Rules 
**''•'••• * thereof; That his Religion taught him his Loyal- 

♦ ty, which l^e blefs'd God was untainted ; And he 

♦ tmd ever endeavoured in the Station wherein he 

♦ bad been plac'd, to the utmoft of his Power, to 

♦ fiipport the Crown of EngUnd^ in the true and li- 

♦ neal Courfe of Defcent, without interruption. That 
^ as for what he was now to die, he calFd God to 
^ witnefi, he went not to that Meeting in Leaden^ 

* Hall'fireety With anv ftch intent as to invite King 

* James by force to invade this Nation j Nor was he 
^ himfelf provided with either Horfe or Arms, or 

* ehgagM for any number of Men, or gave particu* 

* lar Content for any fuch InvaGon, as was moft fal- 

* fly fworn againft him. He alfo declared in the 

* Prefence of God, that he knew nothing of King 

* Jameis coming to Calais,^ nor of any Invafion in- 

* tended from thence, till it was publickiy known ; 
^ iaqd't'hat the only notion he had, that fbmething 

* mfght be attempted, was from the Thoulon Fleet 

* coming to Breft. That he rcceivM the Knowledge 

* of what was contained in thbfe Papers that hegavQ 

* to a great Man, that came to him in the Tower ^ both 

* from Letters and Mcffiges that came from France^ 

* And that he, {that great Man) told him w^en hq 
^ read them to him, that the Prince of Orange had 

* been acquainted with moft of thefe things before^ 

* That he might have expected Mercy from tha^ 

* Prince, becaufe he was inftrumental in fiving his 

* Life ; for when about jlprH 1 69/. an attempt; 

* form'd againft him came to his Knowledge, he did 

* partly by Diffwafions,^ and partly by Dekys, pre- 

* vent that Defign; which he fiipposM was therea- 

* fon that the laft villiaiibus Pro}e£fc was concealed 

* f|om blip. Tlut if there were any Perfbns whotn' 

WILLIAM the third: ip 

* he bad injured in Word or Deed, he heartily pray'd A. C 

* their Pardon ; and begg'd of God to pardon thofe i 697. 

* who had injurM him ; particularly thofe who had C^Y^ 

* zealoufly fought his Life, and brouht the Guilt of 

* his innocent Blood upon this Nation, no Treafon 

* being prov'd upon him. That fie returned his moft 

* hearty Thanks to thofe noble and worthy Perlbns, 

* who gave him their afliftance in oppofing this 

* Bill oF Attainder, without which it was impofliblc 

* he could have fallen under the Sentence of Death; 

* And he prayed God to blefs them and their Pofte- 

* rity ; tho' he was fully fatisfied they pleaded their 

* Caufe, while they defended bis. In the Conclufi. 

* on, he pray'd God to blefi his true and lawful So- 

* vereign, hSng James^ the Queen and Prince ot 

* PValesj and rcftore him and his Pofterity to this 

* Throne again, for the Peice and Pfofperity of this 

* Nation, which could not poflibl}[ profper, till the 

* Government was fettled upon a right Foot, 

After the Bufinefi of Sir JoA» Efwv/c^ was over,' 
the Parliament compleatcd the Bill for the ufual Land^ 
Tax^ which feceivM the Royal Aflent on the apth 
of January ^ and then, to the great SatisfaAion of^he 
People, they took care to remedy a publick Grie- 

Criminals and Debtors, had ever fincc the Reforma- 
tion, pretended a Priviledge to protcil the laft '; and 
one of thefecaU'd iVmte-Fryars^ was become a noto- 
rious N eft of broken and defoeratc Men, in the ve- 
ry heart of his Majcfty's Capital City, whither 
they refbrted in great numbers^ and to the difhonour 
of the Government, and the great prejudice of the 
People, defended tbemftlves with Force and Vio- 
lence, againfl the Law and publick Authority. This 
intolerable Mifchief the Parliament redrefi'd, by an 
A61 F«y the tmre effeHual H^lief of Creditors^ in Cafes 
ef Bfcapesi and for freventim Abufes in Prifms^ and 
pretended Priviled^d Places : \Vhercin fiich efFeftual 
Provifioh was made to reduce thofe Outlaws, that 
immediately after the ASt was |>ubli(h'd| they aban« 
doo'd dieir Pofts to better lahabitantt . 


a^S the ileigH of Kin^^ 

A.* G. ; Towards the Beginning of this Sefljdn thi 
j69J. Commons in a grand Committee haying confider'd 
V#-VNy the State of the Nation, and taken notice oF the 
idifiarri'a" late Mifcarriages of the Flcer^ f order'd that Sir 
get of the George ^ol{^(ho\xld attend the Houfc, to give an Ac- 
^^^/'*"T count why the French Thoulon Squadron was not in^ 
^ir'd in* terceptcd in going into Breft ? Tnat Admiral attend- 
fNov ed accordingly, and afterwards produced Copies 
■ ^ ^' both of his Journal, and of the Orders he had re- 
ceiv'd from the Admiralty; which being examined, 
it was orderM, that Sir Clouiejly Shovel^ (hould lay be- 
fore the Houfe Copies of allfiich Orders as he re- 

J Nov. 

mons Copiesof all Orders (ent both to Sir Gtorge and 
Sir Cloudefl/^ in relation to the Fleet in General^ be- 
tween the firft day of January 1696. and the Time 
. the French got int6 Breft ; as alfd an Account of what 
Intclligenc«s they receivM of the X!ra«/oif Squadron's 
fitting outj, and their Motions towards Breft. Much 
Time was fpent, in both Hou(es» about this Affair ; 
but after all. it did not appear that either of thojie 
r^ - two Admirals had fail'd in their Duty. 
ADrili ^" ^^ ^^ ^^ ^prii the King gave the Royal 
.^ April Aflent to an A£l;/or the Compleating^ BuUdmv and A- 
i6. dortting the Cathedral Chureh of St. PaUl, London ; and 

for ^fairing the Collegiate Church of Sti Peter, Weft- 
(z) The minfter 3 tiBd to Ibme (a^ other Ads. Fifteen days 
ether fub' after 

lickAHs _^ 

TP^ere^ I. , . 

An AS for making good thi DeficiericUs of feverM Pttnds j 
and for enlarging the Capital Stock of the Bank, of Engird, a. 
An ABfor ^pealing of a Claufe in a former AS^ relating t$ 
Party Guiles, and for preventing Frauds if Brewers^ and others 
chargeable with the Duties cfExcife. 5. An ASfir Erdarging 
common High nays. 4. An AS for continuing feveral former ASs 
for Punijhing Mutineers in the Army &c. /• An AS fffr ibe^^lirf 
4>f Creditors^ hy making Compqfitions with their DebtorSyinjcdfetwd 
"Thirds in Number and Value do dgree* And 6. An ASforBatntgl 

and £{egulating the Hay-Marketi wijhin tkt Ubcrty f f Weftm^ 
fter. ^ . - -^ - ^~ ^ 


WILLIAM the tkr^. m^ 

after, having paft the feveral (h) Bills I:hat.ii|rere/'L)> *• 
|>rcrenced to him, he told both Houfes ! 'fhac he^v vV^ 

: :'■•,-. ,.. . /4r»»»ff « 

Duty uf- 

j ••> 

bff Leather^ far tht Term of phtii yean. i. An AS for gramit» 

to the Kjng certuin Duties on iJMalty Mum, Svpeets^ Cyder and 

Ptrry^. 3. An A& for Licenfing Hawkers and Pedlars^ for ufur^ 

ther Frovifion, for Payment rf thetranffort^Deit^fpr^the ^du- 

ting c/ Ireland; 4. An AH for Granting tohh JMa/eJiy^ afurtitr 

Suhfidy 9f Tonnage and Poundage ufon Merchandia^es Imported- 

And an additional Land-Ta:^. j. An AEi fer'leffenim the Dw^ 

ty up6n Tin and Pewter, Exforttd, and Granting an B^uivalen^ 

for the fame, by a Duty upon ^DriJggs. *. An 4& to maks perpetual 

and more effeHual, An Aii to prevent delays dt ttoe Quarterns efptms 

vfthe Peace. 7, An AH to enforce the AH for the Encreafe and 

Encouragement of Seamen. 8, An AH for karfin^ the Miiitiafer 

the year 1 697. 9, An AH for Explaining and Enforcing the AEl 

for Paving the Streets (?/Lofldon ^iirfWeltm?nfter. la An AS 

for tf>e further Encouragement of the ManufaHure of i:uftrings,and 

Alamodes'y and for preventing the Ifnpor tat ion of the fame] ii/' 

j^ AH for the F^pair of the Peers of Burlington, in the County 0/ 

York. ' li. An AH for the better obfervation of theCouife an^ 

tiently us^dinihe Receipt of the Exchequer. 15. An AQfortbt 

eajier obtaining Partitions of Lands in Coparcenary,. ice. t±. A$t 

AH for Supplying fome defeHs in the Laws, for 'the Uglitfof the 

Poor. I $. An AH to reftrain the Number, and ill PraHicet of 

Brokers ahd Stock- Jobbers. 16: An AH for the better preventittft 

the Counterfeiting the current Coin of this gjngdom' And 171 

An AH for the more effeHual Relief of Creditors, in Cafes of L 

fcapes, and for preventing Abufes in Prifonf^ and pretended Pri'oi^ 

led^d Places. 

* Was now to return them his hearty Thanks, for T^e Kinjt\ 

* ^hat they had done this Seffion, which had btenSpeech to 

! 5^?'^ ^^JT^* 8^^^ Prudence, Temper and Af-^*^* /to«* 

fedtion. That at the opening of the Seffion hefi^^ 
^ told them how ftnfible he was oftheDIiRculties to 

* be ftruggled with, which wei^c of fuch a Nature 

* that he would freely own the Hopes he had of over* 

* coming'them, were founded only upon the Wifl 

* dom and Zeal of (6 good a Pariiamdru:. That 

* Expcttation, continued hisMafefly, has been fully 

airfvercd \ 



Pjc Reign of iting 

anfwer^d : Yoii enter'd upon the BuGnefs wich ib 
much Chearfulnefi , proceeded (b unanifnoufly, 
and have aclaft brought Things to fuch a Cbncluii- 
on, that we may hope to carry on the War vrith 
Succefi, in cafe our Enemies do not think it their 
Intereft to agree to an honourable Peace: And (a 
efe^ual a ProviQon being made for (iipplying the 
Deficiencies of the.Funds, (which is the bed: Foun- 
dation for the Reeftablifhing of Credit;} I doubt 
not but in a fliort Time, it will have a very happy 
Effe<^, to the uni verfal Eaie and Satisfa^ioa of inj 
People. In the Q)nclu{iony he acquainted them. 
That the Circumftances of Affairs making it ne« 
ceflary for him to be ,out of the Kingdom for (bme 
Time, he (hould take care to leave the Admini- 
ftration of the Government, during his Abfence, 
in the Hands of (uch Pertons as he could depend 
upon; And that he had nothing more to ask of 
them, but that they would carr/ down the fame 
goodDifbofition into their leveral C6untries,which 
tney haa exprefs'd in all the Proceedings of that 
Seifion. WOiIch Speech being ended, the Lord , 
Keeper declared his Msijefty's Pleafure,tbat this pre^ 
Ftirlim * fent Parliament ftioufd be Prorogued to the 13 th 

ft^/ /'/I Bcfidcs the AcSis that receivM the Rpyal Sanaion 
liftd^m^^^^ Seilion^feveral other were either rejedked, or left 
dini^ depending j Of the firft were a Bill/<?r a general Natu* 
rali:{ation\ 2XiA 2jiOi\itx to Regulate Priming'^PreJfes 'y 
And of the latter were a Bill tofrevent theBujing and 
Selling of Ojicej and Places of Tr$Jiy Another to prevent 
the undue Marriages of Infants \ A third fo/ further 
Regulating Ele^ions o( Members toferve in Parliament ; 
A fourth to fettle and Iffgulatt^ the Trade to Africa ; 
A hffh, to encourage the ff^oollen ManufaBure in En- 
gland, and to prevent tljc Exportation of it from Ireland 
to Fdreign Parts ; And a fixth, to Heftrain the PVear* 
ing of all iVrought Silks and Bengalis^ Imported into this 
KJngdomfromVtx^\2i>^ 4»^ Eaft -India, andallCallicoes 
Tmmdtu$us Printed and Stained there. It is remarkable, that in 
crntds #/ order to prefi the Pai&ng of this Jaft Bill, a tumultu^ 
maviff. ous Crowd of Weavers, and fiich People, as depend 
Jan. 21. QH that Trade, t came in a riotous manner into the 


WILLIAM the Third. 24? 

Pdlactyard^zndL fViftminficr-Hall^ and into the ViSy A. Q 
Lobby of the Houfe ot Commons. Whereupon 1697* 
the Houfe made a Vote, That the Inching and Encou^ 
raging any Number of Perfons^ to come in a J^otous^ 
tumultuous^ or diforderly manner to this Houfe j in order '' i 

either to hinder or promote the Pajpng any Billy being 4- '• 

gainfl the Confiitution and Freedom of Parliaments is A ^ 

High Crime and Misdemeanour : And at the lame time * 

ordered the Sheriffs and Juftices of London zad Mid-' 
dlefexj to (upprefs the faid Tumult, and appointed 
a Committee to enquire who were the Authors of it. 
Not many Days * after the Bayliffe, Wardens, and * Fct %{, ; 
Affiftants of the Corporation of Weavers in the Ctf 
ty of London, prefented an Addrefi to hi& MajeftjTt 
wherein they dedar'd their Deteitation of the late ru 
otous and tumultuous BehaViour of the Poorer (brt 
of Weavers, and other Perlbns; and that neither theyi 
nor any Mafter Weavers were the Inciters nor En* 
couragcrs thereof: And AffuirM his Majefly, that 
they would riot only ufe their utmoft.Endeavours to . . ^ 
prevent the like Difbrders for the future, but on all . 
Occafions would (acrifice both their Lives, and all 
that was dear to them, in the Defence of his Maje^f ' ; . 
fty's Sacred Perfon^and Government. 

Tb wards the end of the year 1696, The Kingp/^^^^/^ 
made choice of the Earl or Pembroks^ JLord Privy tianes 
Seal, the Lord Vifcount Villiers, and Sir Jofeph PTsU Nanfd 
liamfon^ lately admitted into the Privy Council, to Dec* 12, 
be his Plenipotentiaries for the Treaty of a general »^^<^- 
Peace; And about Six Weeks t after his Ma}efty+P^^*** 
conftituted the Lord Gallway, one of the Lujjds Ju- • 

ftices of Ireland^ and John Methwen, Elquire, Lord 
Chancellor of that Kingdom, in the room of Sir 
Charles Porter, lately deceased, and who held both 
thofe Offices during his Life. By this Nomination 
his Majefty rewarded, at once, the eminent Servi* • , 
ces of the Lord Gallway, both in the Field and in many ;' 
important Negotiations : and of Mr. Methwen in th« <. 

Houfe of Commons. . 

On the I ath of February^ the Earl <Ji'4ilesbury^ ! 

who fome Months before had been committed to 
the Tovper^ upon account of the late Confpiracy ; and 
Upon the lame Evidence by which Sir 7<»A» f^w/c/c 

Rrr loft 


%^% . The Re/gnefKiHg 

A; C* loft his head, was, by HdteasCorfujhrao^t totfee 
1 697. Court o^Kin^t Benchy and admitted to Bau ; but the 
^^V'VlLord Mmtgomery^ who Was likewife brought up by 
The Esrhf Habeat Qorfus^ was remanded to i<evpgate. Five days 
Portland after the Earl of PortUnd, was created a Knight of 
fitftalPd the moft nobie Order of the Garter ; and on the ajth 
^*l^^ ^ of the next Month, inftall'd at Windfor^ with great 
thi G^rrr.ponjp ^^ Spkndof ; Many Perfbns of Quality of 
VniJrd' ^^ Sexes, gracing the Solemnity by their Pretence. 
BetUey ^^^ naaqjr Weeks befwei . JaA« Lord Betkle^ Baron 
Diet Feb. ^ Strdttdn^ who had fignaii^d his Valour, Con- 
ap. duft, land Zeal for the prefent Government, in ft* 

veral Enterprises in the Channel^ died of a Feaver 
and!Pleuriiie,a(ter a great Debauch in ftrbtig Liquors, 
with fevcral other noble Perfbns, who were like to 
pay as dear for k ; And which I only mention to 
warn others from cxccllive Drinking. Upon the 
Lord Btrkt^h Death his Regiment of Marines wai 
beflow'd upon Sir Cltmdefly Sbowl. 
Richard ^? ^^ iSth olMarchy HitAard Blacl^mre^ Dr. in 
Black* Phyfick, having been Sworn one ol the King's Phy* 
more / iicians in ordinary, had the Honour of Knighthood 
M. D. conferred on him by bis Majefty ; both which Favours 
Knighted he receiv'd thro* the powerful Recommendation 
Mat. ••• of the E^rl of Dorfet^ and the Lord Somnurs^ the two 
great Mecenas^s of ihc Bngiijh Mufes, upon Account 
of his writing an Epick Poem, Entiiuled, Prince 
>lr/A«r, wherein he allegorically defcribes the late 
Revolution^ and gives an Advantageous Chara- 
.^ £ter of the Principal Perfbns conccm'd in it. On 
^^^^^^^1&* the 1 1 th of the following Month, Sir Tkonuis 
IkeP 'J^ofnpeffon^ Sir Charles Conerel JuxiiOT^ and* James 
Seal ^^'^ Tyrril Efq; were namM Commillioners for execu- 
Aprilii. ti^g theOfGceof Lord -Privy Seal, during the Ab* 
* fence of the Earl of Pembroke ;^ And three days aftef 
Jmhafa^ the Earl of Manchefter, Captain of the Yeomen of 
dors 0f^ the Guard, and a Perfbn to whofe Prudence and Fi- 
f9inted delity the King entirely trufted, was appointed his 
AfrU 14. Majcfties Ambaflador extrardinary to the ftate of Ve- 
nice, At the fame time Sir James^Jhom was i^am'd 
Ambaffador to the Omman Port, and Lamhen Biacl^ 
well E(q; (who hot many days after was Knighted) 
Envoy to the great Puke of Tufcanj^. But that which 


W I LLIAU the ThirJ. z^j 

iiiiprix'd moft People was, that on die 19th of the A. O. 
fame Month, the Earl of Dorfet having for a confi- 1 697.' 
derable Sum of Money, refien'd into his Majefty'sv^yxj 
Hands, the Office of Chamberlain of the KingV 
Houfhold, his Majefty confer'd the (aroc on the ^r\ne EarUf 

of S nd^ a Pcrlbn equally fear'd by all Parties, Sunder. 

and belov'd by none. However, his Majefly madeltnd made 
large amends for this, by beftoWing the Title^*'*' 
of Lord Chancellor or England^ upon Sir^^^'"^''- 
3ohn Sommersf whom he efteem'd the greateft Man f^^\. 
in his Kingdom, and who, indeed, had fill'd ^^^t^^]i^* 
Poft of Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, with niuchsommcrs 
Dignity ; and with no le6 Duty and Fidelity to his«,^^if Lord 
Prince, than Regard to the Liberties and Rights cib^ww/- 
of his Country. The fime Day the King appoint; /^r. April 
cd the Archbifiiop of Canterbury^ the Lord a a- 
Chancellor , the Earl of Pembroke Lord Privy 
3eal, the Duke of Devon/hire^ the Duke of Shrews^- 
tury^ the Earl of Sunderland^ the Earl of ^pmney^ 
and Edward Bjtjfel Elq; firft Commiflipner of 
the Admiralty , to be Lords Juftices of Eng^ 
land^ during his Abletice; And Goodwin fj^areon 
Efq-y one of the Lords of the Admiralty, in. the 
room of Colonel jlujien deceas^ . Two days after-, ^: 
the King left Kienfin^ton, and having cnjbark'd at^^'^^^ 
Margate on thca6th o( Aprils lafely Landed the^Qjiji^ji 
next day in Holland^ where we mufk leave him for a May, 7. 
while. ^ ^ N. S. ' 

Four Days after his Mejcfty's Departure, it wOitntUs and 
publickly declared. That the Lord Chancellor was P^^^*^^** 
created Lord Sommersfizroti oi Evejham^\x\ theCount'-^***^* 
ty oiPVbrcefter ; Edward I{uffel Efq-y Baron ofShingeyy 
Vifcount Barfleur^ and Earl of Orford^ in the Coun- 
ty of Suffolk ; And the Vifcount Gallway Earl of the 
iame Place in the Kingdom of Ireland^ That tht 
Marquifi of iVinchefler^ the Earl of Gallway^ and the 
Lord. Vifcount WZfjVri, were appointed Lords Jufti-^*^^' f?" 
ces of Ireland I That the Earl of Stanford was made f 7 \ 
Chancellor of the Dutchy and County Palatine of 1! *" . 
tancMfieri That the Office of Chief juftice in Eyre,"^^'''^'^' 
on this fide Trent^ was granted to the Lord ff^arton^ 
whom his Majefty had likewife appointed Lord Lieu- 
tenaftt of the County of Oxon ; And that the Go- 

Rrrr z vern 

A. G 


The Parli^ 
amens «/ 



Thi Lords 
Speech t$ 

The Reign of Hing 
vernmcnt of the "Barhadoes^ was beftow'd on J(atph 

Grey E(q;. ^ 

While his^Majefty was abroad, the Parliament of 
Ireland being met on the zyth ol: July^ puffuant to 
their laft Adjournment ; the Lords Juftices made a 
Speech to both Houfts, to this effe6^. * His Maje* 
fty who is always intent on whatfeever may con tri- 
bute to the GoodofhisSubjefts, has commanded 
us to call you together at this Time ; that we may 
by our joint Endeavours, provide for whatfbever 
may yet be wanting for Eftablifhing the Profperiry 
of this Kingdom. To this end his Majefty expels 
from you, that you proceed unanimoufly for the 
Good of your Country, and for your Quiet and 
Security. The King^s Intereft and yours are fo in- 
feparabi)^ thefime, that we cannot believe, that 
any Perfon can think of oppofing either, without 
renouncing the Love which every Good Man has 
for his Religioii and his Country. Some of the 
Bills which have been tranfmicted into £wj/W, are 
rcturn'd ; and others remain under Conuderation. 
At the beginning of this Parliainent there was Pro- 
pos'd to you the great Debt on the Crown, occafi- 
oned by the Revenue being {bort of the Eftablifli- 
ment ; And that the Money you then gave, was 
(iiflScient to pay only a Part of that Debr,wbich has 
likewife fallen mort of anfwering what it wasgi ven 
for. whilft the Debt has encreas'd. There (hall be 
laid before you, Gentlemen of the Houfe of Com- 
mons, an Account of what has been receive of the 
Money given this Seflion, as likewifeof what itf 
now due to the Army and Civil Lift. You will 
Kkewife confider how far It is fit to provide for the 
Debt due to the Country for Qyarters. ^ We need 
not inform you, of what Confcquence it is to the 
Publick, that fbme Places be Fortified, elpecially 
Limerkli ; You know well enough the Importance 
of that Place, and how neccffary it is foivy our Se- 
curity. We have ordered an Eftimate of the charge 
of the Fortification, and the Time in which it 
can be done, to be laid before you ; And we like- 
wife believe it would be for the King's Service, and 



WILLIAM theThzri. 


the Eafc of the Places where the Soldiers are Qpar- A. C* 
ter^, to Build Barraques to lodge them in. i (J97, 

' We cannot doubt your Compliance in giving to 
his Majefty, fuch Supplies as are wanting, when 
you confiaer, that in all thefe Things the King 
expe6ls nothing From you but what is neceflar7 
for your own Elftablilhnient and Safety. We think 
the prefent occaGqn \o fevgurabje for the Inviting 
and Incouraging Protcjiafit Stran^ers^ to fettle her^e, 
that we cannot omit to put you iti mind of it, efpp- 
cially fince that may contribute to the Increafe of 
the Linnen M-^nufadlure, which is the ipoft bene- 
ficial Trade that can be incouraged in Ireland, 
' My Lords and Gentlemen^ You have beeii youf 
felves Wimeflesofthe great Things his Majefty 
has done for this Kingdom ; He ha$ commanded 
us to affure you of the Continuance of his Affe- 
ction, and of his Royal Care of you ; The Ef- 
fe<5ls^ whereof you (hall receive.on all^ Occafions^ 
defiring nothing more,than that bis Subje6ks fhoula 
enjoy all the Benefits of Peace and Tranquillity, 
whilft he expofes himfelf to all the Dangers of the 
War, indefatigable at the Head of his Armies, and 
in his Councils without intermiflion, for the Efta- 
hY\{hvrvK^o^X\\tPrQt:ftant B^Ugion and the Happ;- 
nefs of his Subjects. We cannot doubt but that you' 
will do your utmoft that Defigns fb Pious, Juft and 
Glorious, .may have the delir'd Succcfi in tliis 
Kingdom, We muft add, that we think our felves 
very happy to be the Inftruments whom his Maje- 
fty haft choftn to (hew his Favour to you, and (hall 
endeavour, with all our Power, to contribute to 
your Happinefs, and to recommend our (elves to 
you, by continual Proofs of our earnellDefiresfoc 
your Profperity, and by bur Fidelity and Zeal, ii^ 
the Service of the King, our Royal Mailtr.- 
The Commons having unanimoufly Voted ai| 
Addrefs of Thanks to the Lords Juftices, the fime 
^ was pre(entcd on the' 30th, Imponing, *That 

* being highly (cnfible of the many, great Things 
^ his M^elty had done for the Kingdom, and bis 

• moft (ignal Favours conterrM upon them, they 
\ |hou{ht it their Duty to lay hold on all QccaCiqt^s 

' .■ Rrr } '• i^ 9| 

A. C 

1 697. 

the Reifn of King 

of expreffing their laoft humble Acknowledgments 
of them. They rctura'd their hearty Thanks for 
thofe Affurances of his Majefty's Goodnc^ gii^en 
them in their Excellencies Speech to both Houfe 
of Parliament ; and faithfully promis'd they would 
comply with all Parts of it, to the utmoft of their 
Power ; more efpccially td make good the Defici- 
encies of the laft Aids ; and by providing fiich 
further Supplies, as fhould be neceflary for the 
Support of the Government.^ They likewife affu- 
red their Excellencies, That it (hould be their con- 
ftant Ore, to make themfelves in (bme meafure 
worthy of thole Favours, by fiiitable Returns cf 
Obedience and Loyalty, as the beft of Kings 
might juftly expeft from a moft grateful People ; 
and to this they thought themfelves the more en. 
courag'djby his Majefty's Kindnefi to them, in pla- 
cing their Excellencic;s m the ftation they then held 
over them, being confident offejuft and prudent 
an Admlniftration therein, as would lecure them 
an happy and lafting Settlement. To this Addrefi 
their Excellencies made Anfwcr, That as they had ail 
the I(eafon in the Worldy to be ajjur^d of his Majefifi 
gracious Favour to themy from the repeated Kindnefs he 
hadjhewd them, Jo they would faithfully reprefent to his 
Majejiy their conftant ^ealfor his Service ; and fhould^ 
whilfi hif Majejiy was fk^^d to continue them in that 
Statim^ endeavour to preferve to themfelves the good 
Opinion the Commons bad of them, 

Thcfe mutual Aflurances of Truft and Confidence 

being paft, the Commons examiiihd^ the Account of 

the Debt due on the Civil and Military Lifts ; and 

on the I ith of 4uguji unlinimoufly refolv'd to grant 

t joooo /. j^j^ M^Jefty the Sum of 1; jroooo /. foi'the clearing of 

f ranted, ^jj^t Debt, to the ipth of ?««Mnclufive, TheParli. 

ament did about the (aihe Time pa6 a Bill tranA 

jiddrefs 0/ mitted out oiEnglandy for Confirming fever al Out-Law^ 

she Cww- ties and Aiiamders^ and for Vefiing in his Majejiy the B, 

ftatet of the fe who weretkad mJHebellion therefor in Fo* 

f 'reign Parts ; and being now jcious left any thing in 

/>m#* tb^ (aid Bill might hereafter be for conftrucd as to 

'^^f " pr^udi^e tht Eltate of any Pro$eJianty whofe Int<?refi9 

ytfcfc n^vey intend^4 to fei^ injur'q thereby, Thty there* 

mws in 

fanjUHT « 

WILLIAM/*^ Third. 447 

Jire hefought their Excellencies to tranfinit into England A. Cp 
in f$rmy tbofe Heads of a Biilj which they had frefar''d^ l^9?« 
^niLtheirlAddrefs frefentedto their Excellencies^ for fa* V*/*y^J 
'vin^ the Eftates, Hjghts^ Titles, and Pojfeffions of ProtC' 
ftants f) ofh being prejudiced by thefaid AH ; And th^ «w 
nanimoujly^ and humbly entreated their Excellencies to r^ 
commend thefamsfo effisEiual/y to his Ma/efly^hat it might 
ke return d to them^ that Sefpon^ incrder-^o befafs^dinta 
n Law. To this Addrefs the Lords Juftices anfw^r* 
cd. ' That they believ'd the whole Kingdom was 3^ f-^wA 

* fitisfied, that the King defign'd nothing rnore,?*^*^^' 

* thatj the Good of his Proteftant Subjeas; The^>^* 

* Ordigrs he had been plcasM to give theaii being 
^ exprels to that efie6b ; and that they had reafan to 

* hope, it had been obferv'd how exa6lly they had 

* followed thofe Orders. That thw (hoqld always 

* continue fb to do, and in that Ca(e parttcqlarlf 

* Ihould be very careful to reprefent to his Majeflfy 

* the Prefevation of his Proteftant Subjeikf ; to the 

* end that no one of them might fuffer by that La^, 
^ which they did believe fo advantageous to the Pro- 

* teflant Intereft in general. 

, On the 8 th of September the Commons ordered a 
Bill to be prepared to encourage Proteftant Stran* 
gers to fettle in that Kingdom, and voted an Addrefi 
to the Lords Juftices in behalf of the laid Proteftants: 
But at the fame time, they made an Adcfar Banifih .^ - 
ing 4//Papifts exercijing any EcclefiafticalJurifdiSion^^I^'^^' 
and all Jugulars of the Popifh Clergy out of that ^ V 
Kjngdom ; which together with an ABfor the Con- 
firmation of the Articles made at /he Surrender of the 
City of Limerick ; and another to prevent Protefiants 
intermarrying with Papifts, received the Royal Aflenc 
on thezjth of the fame Month ; after which both 
Houfes of Parliament were adjourned to the aotfa^ 
of OBober^ ] on which Day the Adjournment wa$ 
continued^ to the beginning o{ hfovember^ by Rea* 
ioathe Bills expe6led from England were n«t yet < * 
pme over.- 

On the a9th of Novesnb^r tfaq Lords }uftice9 gave ABs ftifi^ 
the Royal Aflent to an A^ for continuing an Ad-Nov. 19^ 
ditional Duty on Tobacco, Beer, Ale, and other / 

p^uoTf, ai4 on fcveral. Merchandiws, to the %it\x / ' 
'' *' ■ .' '■' "^ " Rrr 4 'of 

^4^ T^he Reign of King 

A. ' C of Decemher 1 700. an hGt to hinder the Rever£al of 
1^97. fcveral Outlawries, and to prevent the Return of 
^^ • Subjefts of that Kingdom, that had gone into the 
Dominions of the French Ring in Europe ; and an 
Aft for taking away the Benefit of the Clergy, in 
fomc Cafts. Five Days after their Excellencies 
lent a Meflage to the Commons Importing, ' That 
* this Meeting of the Parliament having continued 
^try long, by Reafen of the many Matters oi 
great Importance which had been under Confi-^ 
deration, and their Excellencies having, together 
with the laft Bills which they lent to the Com- 
mons, received his Majefty's Pleafure to have a Re- 
cefi, in a very few days, and likewife Advice, that 
no otlier Bills could be expefted during this Meet- 
ing, ftve only that fpr Recovery of unall Debts, 
they therefore thought it neceflary to recommena 
to the Commons the Ipcedy Proceeding on iuch 
Bills as were before them, that fiich of them as 
-^ jTs fliould be approved of, might receive the Royal 
>f«iDec. , ^^^^^ This Meffage having had the defiredEf- 
feft, their Excellencies on the 4th of December paft 
t To w/>, (everal t Afts, and then prorogued the Parliament 
I. An to the loth olAf^; next, 

Aa to ■ 

rkife Mo* 

nej by way of a Poll. a. An AH for the better Execution of an 
^^ for the better fupprefpn^ of Tories and Rapperies, £^c, 
3. An AB to prevent frivolous and vexatious Law-JUits, 4, A^ 
AH to prevent Frauds and Clandefiine Mortgages, j. An AH for 
the more entire obtainingVartttion of Lands in Coparcenary^ &C. 
6. An AS for the more eajle fecurin^ and recovering of fmatl 
Debts J Andforne others oflefs importance, v • . 

Tfje Pii- Let's now beftow our Attention on the chief Bu- 
ia£e of finefi of this Year, I mean the Treaty of a Geneiil 
Ryfwick Peace. The firft Difficulty that arofe in it was a^ 
*^^f^ ^^- bout the Place of Gongrefs ; The Emperor prop* 
p,^ ^r^ fing ^iXhtX IyUnt:{or1(rankfortf and the D^^ciEr, widi 
Tr^tyf ^^^ of their Allies, inhfting upon a Place in 
-i GmrZ ^^^^ ?Twas' expelled that either ^Maeftricfft^ 
faa^e Wnapten cf jBrr</<f would have been made chbidfe 
oif J but towards th^ middle o^ f4nuarjf ^,cai 

\> >>) .t . J." •-* ; .A wi -.J ,' . t. a '• i Htrei 


— > * 

W I L L I A M /i^tf third, . 5^49. 

Wer<?, by his Mailer's Order, moved that the Pletii- A. C. 
porentiaries of the Allies fhould refide at xhs^tiaguey 1697: , 
and thofe of France ^X Delfts and that the Confc-COT^ 
rcnces Ihould be held at IJ^yJp/cJt, a Palace belong- 
ing to his Brhannick Majefty, and equally diftant 
from both ihofe Towns ; Which was agreed to by 
the Confederates. This Pomt being thus ftltled,* 
the Preliminaries after fcveral Debates, were alfo 
concluded and fignedonihc lothof Febrmry^ ^^ Prelim'nM* 
which the King of France^ agreed. ' I. That the^^.^^^^J, 

* Treaties of fVefiphalU and Nimeguen Ihould be the cludect. 

* BaGs of this, to be ncgociated at ^yfmckg ^ II. That Pcb. i e. ' 

* Strmburg (hould b^ xeftor'd to the Empire, in the 
^ lame Condition as the French took it. IIL And 

* Luxemhtrgh to the Spaniards, in its prefent Condi- 

* tion ; (bur here the French bflFePd th^ Allies an E- 

* quivalent for both thofe JPlaccs.) IV. That Afow> 

* and Charleroy Ihould be (iirrendred as they wcre^ 

* V. That all Places taken by the French in Cata^ 

* loniay fince the Peace o^Nimeguen, fhould be refto* 

* red in the feme manner. VL That Dinant^ both 

* City and Cattle, fliould be given up to the Bifliop 

* of JLiVjff, as they were when taken, VII. That all 

* Reunions fince the Treaty of Nimeguen (hould 

* be made void. VIII. Th^tLorrain (hould be rc- 

* ftor'd according to the Conditions of that Treaty ; 

* But farther agreed,. That in Cafe the Conditions 
^ made in reipe£): to that Country (hould not plcafe^ 
f that Article (hould be referred to the General 

* Treaty, and that it (nould be the firft Point de- 
^ bated in the Negotiation. Here it was like wife 

* farther agreed, more particularly, that upon Con- 

* cludoQ oT the Peace, the King of France' jbould 
^ acknowledge the Prince of Oraf^e as King of 
^ Great Britain ; without any manner of Difficulty^ 
^ Reftri£tion, Condition or Referve ; but as for a* 

* ther Princes, whether they were in the Confede- 
^ racy or not^ their Preten(ions (hould be referved 
^ to the General Negotiation, under the Mediation 

* of die BUng of Sweden. IX. That the Dutchy of 

* DeuX'PontxTbovid be reftor'd to SrpeJen. X. That 

* Hilifsburw (hould be given up to the Bi(hop of 

^ »w. 3U; That the Fort of J&W and odier Eorr 

* r ' ' ■ 'vf " •: ■ .• : y-"^. ' c. " / ti6ca(ic«9 

'» iM • .«'>. "itt;- 

A. C. 

The Reign cfKing 

tifications made on the Hjbine {hould be rasM* 
XII. That: the feme fiiduld oe done by Fort- JLouis 
and Hunninghcn. XIII. That Traerbach and Mont* 
royal flbould be given up \ the firft difmancled, 
but upon Condition never to be fortified again,- 
MV. That the EleSor Palatine fliould not only 
be reftor'd to all the Eleftorate, bat alio to the 
Dutchics ol Simmsrcn and LautherHy with the Earl- 
dom ofManbeim^ as alfb Other Places, whereof he 
had been di^offeft to the prclent time. XV. 
That the Dutchefi of 0r/e4«j fliould not have Re- 
courfe to open Force to mairitam her Pretenfions^ 
but mfght bring her A£tion according to Liw, in 
Relation tp theEleAor. XVI. That the Cattle 
and County of Veldens fliould be reftor''d to their 
lawful Owner. XVII. That Bifweiler fliould be 
given to the Count of Hanaw, XVIII; That the 
oeignorics ot March, Marmojy^ znd DagHeln^ and 
the County oiOagsbwrg, fliould be delivered up to 
the Count of Owr/?fi«. XIX. That the Seignories 
of Saims and Valkenfiein fliould be given up to the 
Prince of Salms^ or to their Proprietors, feeing 
the fime was ftill in Qyeftion, XX. That the 
Seigniories ol Lat^enjlein and Althcim fliould be 
fiirrcndred to their Owners. XXI. That Otweiler 
fliould be given up to the Houfe o(NaJfau. XXIL 
That the City and County of Mombetliardy Har^ 
courty Bainont and ChatteUtte fliould be put in- 
to the Pofleflion of the Houfe of Wirtemberg. 
XXIII. That Germe/hcim fliould be given up ro the 
Ele6l:or Palatine, notwithftading any former Trea- 
ties to the contrarv. And XXIV. That the Princi- 
pality of Orarrge fliould be given up to its Sove- 

Some of the Minifters of the Allies, after having 
confiilted their Minifters upon thcfe Preliminaries, 
declarM, That as to what concerned the firft Article, 
they fully agreed to it ; but as for Strasburgthty 
farther infiftcd it fliould be reftor'd, with its forti- 
fications and Dependencies, and that no Equivalent 
fliould be accepted. They allowed ot the Third, 
Fourth ^nd Fiftn Articles ; only they infilled, chat 
not only tlie City, but the County oiLuxmhurg^ 

WILLIAM the third. tfj 

and that oiChinay (hould be given up ; as tHey did, A* G. 
that the City and Cattle of Binant ihould be yield- i (f ^y . 
ed, together with the Dutehy oi Bouillon in thei>iv%| 
lame Statethey were. They likewifeown'd theta- 
lelves fitisfied as to the Seventh Article concern- . 
ing the Reunions; but not fo with the Agreement 
made about Lorrain^ which they would have rcfto- 
red to the Duke its Sovereign, without any iian- 
xier of Reftri6kion. Bcfides thefe Protcftations, 
the Death of Charles XI. King of Sweden, by Tie Death 
whofe Mediation the Treaty was ftt on JPoot,^ w^is^f^^e King 
like to put a ftop to the Progrefi of it. f^is Sv^t-^f Swe- 
4lt/h Majefty, having been ill for fome tim6, died 4^"^, ^ 
at Stockholm on the /th of Ami 1697: (O. SJ ingPo ^^' 
the 4ad Year of his Age, and 57th of his Reign, 
leaving his Crown to his Son Charles XII. then 
fcarce Fifteen Years old ; and appointing by his 
Will, both the Queen, and Five of the Senators, to 
^minifter the Government during his Son's Mino- 
rity, which would be till he was entering upoii the 
1 8th Year of his Age. However, this Accident made 
no manner of alteration in the Affairs of Eufope ; 
for the Regents of Sweden^ among whom the Queen 
had two Voices, having full Power to make Trea- 
ties, and perform all other Ads of Sovereignty, as 
(hould be agreed on by the major Part of them, 
fent immediately^ ExpreflTes to Several Foreign 
Courts, to acquaint them with their Intentions to 
purfue the Mediation, began by the late King for 
the Tranquility of Chriftendom ; and di(parch'd a7}&^ Af^i/Vi, 
new Commiffion to Monfieur Lillienroot (ov th^itlon •/ 
purpofe. Some time before it was agreed by the Sweden 
Plenipotentiaries at the Hague^ that tor the eafier^<'»^'»«^'^- 
carrying on the Treaty, all Ceremonies fliould ho^^^^eftbe 
laid afide, and the Titles any Prince took be ^'''^'^7**^ 
of noConfequence: That' the fewal Miniftersjf Jf;^^ 
fliould have free and fecure Correfpondence mthfg^fjy/,l^ 
the Princes their Mailers; That, in order to that, April 3. 
-Blank Palports (hould be given to each Party, forN. S. 
the Couriers diQ)atch*d by them, as alfo tor the 
Pacquet*Boats to andfroih England -y' and that the 
powers of . the relpe^live Plenipbtentiariei fcould 
^ 09 the &ue Foot they were at f^imguen. 


%fz The Reign of King 

iJL. C • In pyrfuance of theft PrcUromaries, Monfieur Z,/' 
I (Jp7, lienroot^^t Mediator, appointed the firft Conference 
%^^<i^S^ to be held at f^yfwicke on the 9th of May^ and ac- 
Ftr0c$nfe. cordingly the Allies being met together in the A- 
nme at partmepts on one fide of the Palace ; the French 
KjCwick, m the Apartments on the other fide, and the 
•wy 9- Mediator in the middle between both, the Allies 
and the French (hew'd him their Powers, and gav^ 
him Copies of the fame, which he communicated 
to the refpeflive Minifters, and lek the Copies with 
them. This and the fettling Part of the Ceremo^ 
iiial in order to further Proceedings, took up near 
ihrpeHours^ and then the Conference was acyoijrn- 
'Set$mi ^^ ^^ Saturday^ the uth of the fame Month ; when 
Cmjftrencf being met agam, in the fame manner as they did at 
M«y II- firft, the Powers of the Allies were by the Media^ 
tQr exchanged with the ?rench Ambafladors. More- 
over, they agreed to meet conftantly on TVednefdajs 
in the Morning, and Saturdays in the Afternoon; 
and that to prevent the Inconventencies that migj^t 
arife from Crowds of Attendants, each Amhafla- 
dor Ihould go thither only with one Coach with Six 
Hories, two Pages, and two Footmen. On the i jth 
and 1 8th the Mediator and Plenipotentiaries met 
again, but all they did at thofe two C^^^^^rence? 
was only to regulate feveral Points of Ceremony ; 
in whicn, for the moft part, they follo^^ed tr^e 
Rules that were obferved at the Treaty of Nim^ 
The Aiies On the q.xA of M/ty, the Imperial Plenipotentiaries 
deliver in delivered to the Mediator their Demands in the 
their De^ Name of the Emperor and Empire , and fbme of 
msndf. the German Minifters at the fame time, gave in the 
particular Pretenfions of the Princes their Mafter? j 
after which, the Allies drew up a large Deduftion, 
in Juftification of their Claims; of which bowevej? 
they refolv'd to give the French Ambafladors no 
Copy, till they had received the King's Orders to 
propofe theirs. But theFr<?«c^Plenipotentia^iesb«r 
ving declared, that they had nothing to ask or pre* 
tend to, and that they were ready to anfwer the ci- 
thers, the Allies charig'd thieir Thoughts ; and the 
iFrencL in the weau wjiile, had leyord feparat? 


Wl L L I A M /ibe thirJ.^ iy^ 

Conferences with the Dunh^ about Commerce atod A.^ Q 
a, Ccflation of Arms. This laft Paint the French 1.^97^ 
feem'd \^ery eager for, and the (amc was' much K^y^^\J. 
prclt by the^Mediator, who upon the Spani/h MJ- ; / 

nifters delivering their Grievances^ declared, That 
he was of Opinion, that nothing could more con- i vr..* 
tribute to the Advancement of the Peace, than the ^ ■ 
agreeing on a Truce by common Conient ;. Men's ; ' ;* ' '; 
Minds being (b much the lefi composed, land fit 
for a calm Negotiation, by how much they were ^' ' 
diftrkSed and put out of Order, elevated or call: 
down, by the good or bad Succefles of War. ' Tho'^ ^ 
this Motion Icem'd thea to be approved by. filmce^ 
yet other things interven'd, which caus' to be 
laid afide. About the fame tioie the Br40^»^2irjr^ 
Ambafladors did very much infift, that, all the 
Names of the Confederate Princes (hould be eacpreft^ 
and partioilarly inferted in the Treaty ; and ionA 
of the Allies took ic very ill, that the Pretcofions 
of the Empire were propofed by the £mperoj^s.A&i* 
bafladors, only in his Imperial Majcfty'a Name 3 
to fiience which Complaints it was replied,. That 
every one of the Allies was. free to propofe fepa- 
rate Articles concerning his own Aflfairs. Where- 
upon feveral Princes gave, in their Grievances to 
tneir Mediator. 

The King of F/ance^wtSly forcfeeing that ikeGreattr^ 
Houfe oiAufitia would infift upon the Treaty oiUSs rf 
the Pj^renm^ refolved to make his laft Efforts in FlanJPtuicKit 
ders and Catalonia, ta bring down the Sfaniard td 
his own Terms ; and to advance the Prince of cwi- 
ti to the Crown of Poland, not doubting but that 
Warlike Prince, who both by Indination and out 
of Gratitude would ever promote the.Intereft of 
France^ Would foon make the Emperor more tra- 
dable. His moft Chriftiaa Majefty's Army was 
very numerous and formidable this Year in the. Lw- 
Comtries, and having, bcfides, the Advantage of be- 
ing earlier in . the Field, than the Confederates, both 
by .Realpn of the remotenefi and flow March of 
l&^t German Troops, and oi\inBritannck, Majefty's 
Indifpofition, they boafted of attacking a no lefi 
confiderable Town than Ntfpur ; but having re* 
"" ^' fleared 

i J4 ^^^ Reign of King 

a; C fle£bd xm die Difficulties of that Enterprize, thej 
1697. w^c contented to beficge -^^^i ; aPlacedae Frencl 
\,y^ysu had yielded to Sfain by the Treaty rf Nimegnen. 
Acth i»- There were no lefi than three MaHhals of Frdma 
Hfefiiil, in that Army, to wit, Villeroy,, Bouffiers, and Cathuu^ 
May i^. but the iaft being, beyond Difpute, the greateft Gt- 
N. S. xieral of the Three, 'twas to himtheKing of iv-if«v 
^^^^^\j 6^ve -the Dire<Slion of thcxSiege, and ordered Moo- 
^^^^f^^^^tmVAuban to affift him in it; ^}[MVi&eroy and 
May 24. jB^,^^^ . fliould obfirve the Confederates. Upoo 
LitelUgcnce of the French having inveftcd Aetb^ King j 
M^IUam^ who by this time was perfc<9:ly recover'd 
of his late lUneh, immediately repaired to his Ar- 
my in Brabant'^ and had an Interview w^ith the 
Duke of Bavaria^ who commanded another Annj 
at hand, to join his Majefty upon Occafion. But 
beiides the great Superiority oF the French^ which 
Ixroald have made tbe Attempt very Difficult, his 
Britanfdck, M^efty openly declared, He would not 
j&crifice one Man for the Relief of a Place, which 
the Fremh muft be oblig'd to give up hy the Peace. 
'Tis true, his Majcfty might eafily hare laid Siege 
to Diriant^ while Marflial deCatinat was befieging 
Aeth ; but then Brujfeh had been left expos'd to K!- 
ieroy and Bovffien^ who. had a Deiign upon that Ci- 
ty ; and which his Majeftjr utterly dilappointed by 
- 1 j'r ™ Prudence. As for Aetb^ it was lo rigoroufly prcll 
?1TmV*^^ fiefiegers, and fofaindy defended by the Go- 
J'''|5>?j veracMT, for^e feme Reafcns which induVd King 
* * TViUiam not to attempt its ReUef, that it fcrrcn- 
dred after twelve days of open TrenduBs. 
« - Not mawy days after the Duke ^Vendofme^ who 

SL v"* commanded the Fr^wcA Forces in Catalonia^ iwredci 
*^ Sarcehna, both by Sea and Land 5 tho"* he had 
fcarce Men enough to compleat his Circumvalla- 
tion. This gave the Bcfieged an Opportunity to 
maintain a free Communication widi the Viceroy 
o{ Catalonia^ who thereupon took the Field with a 
finall Body of Troops, and lummon'd the Afif tt^ 
le^s to join him, in oidertoraife the Siege, fieddes, 
the Place was defended by a numerous Garrilbn of 
Ten Thoufind difcJplinM Men, and about Five 
Thoul&nd Burghers wi\o bad voluntarily taken up 


WILLIAM the third. i^^ 

Arms ; and to ufe all Precautions imaginable for fiC:^ 
the Prefervation of that great and wealthy City, the iZ^i. 
Q^een of Sjpuf/n recommended it to the Prince ofVi^YN4 
Hejfe 4pArm!ta^^ who had already fignaliz'd his Va- 
lor and Prudence^ not only at the Battle of Aghrim 
in Ireland, but on feveral other Occafions, and who 
•was to have an eoual Authority with the Governor ; 
all -whicifc Difficulties made the World believe that 
the pofitive Orders of the Court oi France, had en- 
gaged.their General in an Enterprize which would 
not turn to his Honour. People wer« confirm'd 
in this' Opirtion, by the vigorous and well timed 
Sallie$ ot the Prince ol fArmftadt, who difputed 
every Inch of Ground with the Enemy, and (ore. 
tarded the advancing of their Works, that the Duke 
of VcndofmQ wrote to the King of France, thaj un- 
Icft he Was fpeedily reihforc%l, he would be obUg'd 
to abandim the Siege inglorioufly. Thereupon nra . 
Hiotl Chriftian Majefty order'd all the Troops id ' 
Provence znd Languedoc to march that way with all \ ^ 
Expedition ; and thefe Succours arriving in time, '^ [■/' / 
the French on the 4th of ^ulj made a gr^t Attack, 
which kfted from Twelve at Night till Three the 
next Morning. They endeavoured tliree fcveral 
times to pais the Pallifadoes^ but^ the Befieged re- 
pulfed them as often with Sword in hand, and pur-? 
filed them a good way. Had the Prince of ^Arm-- 
ftadt been Seconded by l)^n Fptincifca de yeUfco^tht ..i . > 
Viceroy, theSiege had certainly been rais'd ; but the 
latter, thm* a Surprize, occafioned by his own Care- 
lefcefe, having teen totally routed on the 14th, the 
French fluft'd with tM$ Succefe, attadc'd the fOut-j. jojy ^^ 
works which they had been battering a long while 
with a great many Ca^ttdn. This Difputi was 
obftinate and maintained with great Courage and 
Refolution on both fides, but at laft the French, by 
the fiiperiority erf" their Numbers, made themlehres 
Matters of the Covered- way; and afterwards advan- 
ced to the Attack of two Baftions, which, after ha- 
ving been twice taken and retaken, one of them re- 
mained in the Poflelfion of the AflatOants. The 
next * Day the Befieged endeavoured to recover the ♦ r itr 
Baftion iA$^H Pedro ^.hcy had loft, which occafion- ^^^ ^^ 




»y5 The tietgn oj King 

A. C. cd a (harp Encounter ; the French wei^e tw-ice Seatett 
i<S97. from their Poll, but at laft lodg'd themlelves a« 

fain ; and about the fame time the £nem7 iprung a 
dine under the Baftion of Ponal-Nuovo with fb jgood 
Succefi, that after feveral Attacks they lodged rhem- 
(elves there likewife. Upon thele Baftions the Duke 
of. Vendofmif raifed great Batteries both of ^ Cannon 
and Mortars, from which he thundered in fucfa a 
manner into the Town, that he judged It could not 
hold out much longer. His Conje(fture provM tnie : 
For tho' the Prince of (TArmftadp ftill maintain 'd 
himlelfon part of thofe Baftions, and was relblv'd 
'J \ to expe<5l the laft Extremity in the Caftle,^ yet the 

Court being unwilling to luflFer that fine City to be 
entirely ruin'd by the Enemy, fince in all likeli- 
hood It would foon be reftdr'd by the Peace, Or- 
ders were di^atch'd to that Prince to capitulate, 
which his Highneis did on mod: honourable Con- 
Barcelona ditions, after JNine Weeks vigorous Refiltance : In- 
/irrfiw/r^/i, fomuch. that it remains undecided, whether the 
Aug. 1 5. Duke 01 Vendqfme gain'd more Glory by the Taking, 
^' ^' than the Prince of d'Artnlfadf by the Defending ot 
this Place? For which fignal Piece of Service his 
Highnefs was not long alter made Viceroy of C4- 
*.; fl. 1 Thefe Succefles in Flanders and Cauhnia^ would, 
f^™'^,in allprobabUity, have made the Fr^ncAfole Ma- 
Polandf ^^" ^^ ^^ Peace, and given their Ambaffadors a 
II ' fair occafion to fpeak the Language oiNimeguen^ 

had not their Expe£lai}ons from Po/^wi been mife- 
rably disappointed. It was the general Opinion 
that Prince Jatnes Son to the King, was the only 
Competitor that could oppdf^ the Prince of Contts 
Advancement ro the Throne ; And the former being 
univerfelly^ difliked, upon Account of bis Father's 
Avarice, who in order to fill his Coffers, made open 
Sale ot bis Favours, more like a penurious Trader, 
than a generous Sovereign ; theAbbot of Po/i>»4(? who 
managed the French King's Affairs there, aid confi- 
dently affure his Matter, that Prince Conti would cer- 
tainly carnr the Election, if be did but cgraeinPcr- 
fon ; and lend him a liifiicient Sum of Money to bribe 
feme Palatbcs,diat oppos'd the French Imereft. Upon 



WILLIAM the Tkirf. i^ 

this Encouragemenc the Prince of Conti fet out' fc? A, CJ 
Poland j and great Remittances were made to the A\»» r6^7* 
hot o[ PoU^nac J which he lavifh'd away with muchXxY^J^ 
Oftentation, and as little Succefi. 

In the mean time the Eleftor of Saxony^ whoni 
no Body fufpcfted to have any Thoughts towards 
the Crown of Poland^ being Supported by the King 
of £i7f/4??^s powerful Recommendation to the Em*» 
peror, took a Journey in the end of the Spring to W- 
enna^ under the Pretence of fettling Matters in relati^ 
on to the Campaign in Hungary, where 'twas given 
but he would command the Imperial Armv again 
this Summer. But the Event ftiew'd, that hi^ real 
Intention was to concert Meafiires wich that Court, 
in order to aftend the Throne he had in View ; 
to which his Religion could be no f )bftacle, fince 
he had already privately reconciled himfelf to the 
Church of ^me, or at leaft did pretend he had 
done 16 afterwards. This Defign was carried on 
with wonderful Secrecy and Addrcfi : For all of a 
fiidden the Elector left Plenna ; and this was attended 
with various Reports, induftrioufly fpread abroad^' 
of fbme Mifimcferftanding between the Emperor 
and Him» Which no Body could afCgn a Caufe for; 
But when People faw the Ele^or mufter up a Bo«^ 
dy of his Troops, they entertained ftvcral Sufpi« 
cions, and the Brandenburghcrs fo &r took the Al- 
larm» as immediately to gather all the Forces thef 
could, to oppofe any Attempt that might be made 
that way. The Eleftor's ludden March towards 
Silepa, and the Froptiers oi Poland, quickly-txica^ 
iionM other Speculations : and 'twas not long be* 
fore it was publickly declared, that he put in for 
the Crown of Poland, which he at laft obtain'diby^l,^''^*' 
out-bidding the Prince of a«^i's Agent, both ini?^?"X 
ready Cafh, and Promifes, and (b he was Proclaim- ^Hf^Hf 
^A it:^^ u„ .u. D:iu„.r^........ ^nd aU the Par-p^^J. 



ed King by the Bifhojp of Cu/avia, a 
tifans of the Houfe of Aufiria, whi 

tiians or ine nouie oi Jtujtna, which made up the i^Qe ^^ 
Majority of the PoUJh Diet. 'Tis true, the Prince 
of Conti was aUb Proclaimed by the Cardinal Pri- 
mate, and fbme Palatines that were in the Frri^ci 
Intereft, but his Competitor having an Army at 
hand to (uppon bis Claim j and his Highnefi^'* who 

S f f iboa 




A. C. fcon after arrived in Poland^ nothing but a great 
idjy, deal ofPerfonal Merit to maintain bis Title, the 
Ky^^^KJ latter was, ai laft, neceffitaced to return to France. 
lUiTredtf The News of this Eleftion was no finall MortJ- 
9fPeact ficalion to the French Plenipotentiaries in Holland : 
€0rried m gut however the Treaty went on, and the cere- 
monial Part being all adjufted, the French who had 
daily Conferences with the Miiiifters of the States 
General, and other of the Allies, renewed their Of- 
fer of an Equivalent for Luxemburg and Strasburg^ 
which the Imperial and Sfani/h AmDaffadors ftill re- 
jected. ^ About this time the Dutch Plenipotenriaries 
complain'daloud, and with fome fort orf Indignation, 
pf an unjuiVand falfe Report, as if their Matters 
had, underhand, concluded a Peace with France-, 
and the better to prove theit- Sincerity they openly 
difiwaded the Minifters of the Allies from content- 
ing to ^ Truce. To thfe, however, the latter 
were of themfelves fufficiently averfe ; elpecially 
fince the Frf wA had rejefted the Pretenfions of the 
Imperialifts and Spaniards^ being unwilling to anfwcr, 
them before the Confederates gave their Opinions 
concerning the Propofel, France had made, to wit, 
That the Plenipotentiaries of the AlKes (hould treat 
cm the Foundation laid the idtW ol February laft, 
and advance no other Points, befides thofe that had 
'already bjeen niention*d. The ImpctialiSls made an- 
fwer, that thefe Articles were but Preliminary ones^ 
and not abfblute; and that ^hey were allowed 0^ 
with this Condition only, that in Cafe any Point 
were found fo be imperfeft or faults, the /ame 
Ihould be amended by the fucceeding Treaties, and 
,That they wire very defirous tb know the anfwer 
of the Frcwc/?^ as to every one Point proposed, by 
the Emperor and his Allies. THe Spaniards were 
of Opinion, they ought to keep cloft to the Points 
that had bee A cmce agreed on j-and that to do o- 
therwife would but retard the Negotiation \ that 
feeing the firft Preliminary Pbint imported, that the 
■JVeaties of TVeftphalia arid Nimej^en, ihould be the 
Bafis of this ^Negotiation, adcordmg to the expreft 
Confent of the King of France; it was conftquent- 
ly yeiy evid^t, that thoffc PrcKminaiy Pofitions, 

jC0Ul 4 


WILLIAM the7hirJ. 159 

could not be the Foundation of all Pretenfions that A. C. 
the Allies could have upon France: That if the tCpy. 

preceding Treaties had no EfFeft at all, it was to * 

no purpofe, that they had made choice of a VhCc 
to confer in, that the Mediation of the King of 
Sweden had been defired, and that Pafports had been 
granted. Thereupon the French Ambafladors diC 
patched a Courier to their Mafter, on whofe Part 
the Pf-opofitions of a Truce and a free Trade were 
again offered, as being the firft ftep to\^ards a Peacd ; 
but tbefe being ftill rejefted, they now replied to 
the Anfwers made by the Imperialifis and Spaniards^ 
that they were (o ftri6Hy limited to their Liftrui^i. 
ons, that they durft not exceed or change any thing 
firom the Treaty ofNimeguenj as the Bafis propos'a 
to them hy the King their Matter ; and that coa- 
lequently it was in vain for the Allies to require 
any thing beyond the A^rticles of the (aid Treaty. 
This Reply was far from (atisfying the Allies, who 
gave the French to underftand, by the Mediatoi-, 
that their laft Declaration being aire6Hy contrary 
to what had been f ulljr regiJated, and abfolutely ^ 
greed on in the Preliminaries, it could have no 
other Tendency, than to break off" the Treaty, or at 
leaftto draw it into length. The Mediator himfelf 
being of the lame Opinion, he did thereupon lay 
the Full Pretenfions of the Allies before the Frencb 
Plenipotentiaries, who made him Arifwer : That 
the retarding the Negotiation ought with,more Rea- 
Ion, be charged upon the Allies, the laft Inftrument 
that had been prelented on the Emperor's part, be- 
ing conceived in ftch Articles, which they forefaV^r 
France neither c:ould,nor ought to accept; and that the 
Spaniards propofing the P;renean Treaty for the Bafis 
of this, made the French infift upon that oiNimepien. 
To this the Mediator replied. That he could not 
believe that his moft Chriftian Majefty was offend- 
ed, that all and fingular the Allies had joinM toge- 
ther in the laft Anfwer, fince that Affair was com- 
mon to them all ; that they were of Opinion France 
would have declared the feme thing, were !he iti 
the fame Condition Spain found her klf in, to wit^ 
that the Peace of the Pyrenees fliould be renewed la 

Sff a 





I %6o The Rciffi of King 

ill A. C. its fuUFcnrce. At the fame time, tbe Allies ofiEsrM 

Ijll 1 iffy, it jSLS their Gpihion^ that for the avoiding of theft 

p l^^^ys^ Difficulties and Difputes, the French ihould answer 

' each of their Proportions apart, which was at length 

agreed to. 
Tnc laft Inftruments prednted by. the Imperis- 
^ tyisj were not plcafing to divers of the Allies, \rho 

' / pretended they had other juft Cooiplainfs to make 

againft France^ in order to Redrels. The Ele&or 
J, of Han^ver^s Plenipotentiary infilling, he oug}it to 

r have a Place in the AfTembly, as an Electoral Mi- 

nifter, occafioned z\(b (ome Difpute, which being 
left to the Decifion of the Mediator, he gave it ia fa- 
vour of that Plenipotentiary/ Soon. after, the Iw- 
f' ferialiftj and the French cave in refbeftively their 

rrojecb of Peace ; but all the Articles of the Utter 
; being drawn, Word for Word , from the Treoty of 

' ^i^gf(^9 the iame were rejeded by the Allies, as 

being too oppofite to the Intereft of the Empire ; smd 
becauie there was o^en mention made of the Allies 
of France^ it being notorioufly known fhe had none 
in the War, unleis the Turks were meant by it; 
^ wherefore it was infifted upon, that the French fliould 
tnore fully explain themfelves, and give in a clearer 
Projeft. On the other hand, the French m the be- 

S inning of July^ required the Mediator to exhort 
le Allies to avoid Delays, and apply themfelves 
effefhially to the terminating this tedious Work. 
' To this the Mediator anfwcr'd. That he did not 

fee how the Allies retarded the removing, of thofe 
Obftacles that lay in the way ; but that thefe De- 
lays were occafion'd by the French themfelves, in 
; lending thofe Points that ^^dre undecided to Paris^ 

in order to conlizlt tWir Matter thereupon. That 

the fincere Intentions of the Allies were manifefted 

from their having defir^d that other extraordinary 

' days fhould be appointed to hold their Coi^ereocea^ 

* ifmvAi Ait French^ on their Part, had declined; and 

# that the Allies were not ignorant of the De&gns of the 

Vtench Court, who had nothing in view but tbc 
tTtt^Lty o^Nimeguin. As ibonas the Mediator had 
Siven an account of all this to the Allies, they re- 
v^l^ \9 5<>n^t tct^^&tjbcr 4ul7| in ordfr ^ £nd out 

W Ithl AM the thirJ. I6i 

a way to fliorten their Bufinefs ; and in the firft A. C 
Conference it was concluded, that the Blench (hould 1 697, 
anfWer to every Point in Difference as propoled by 
the Allies ; which when the others aunc to kno^ 
they defired to be iniormM according to what man- 
ner the Allies were willing to decide the firft Point j 
to the end that having once (een rhe beginning of the 
Treaty, they might be able to conjefture whe- 
ther they had Power enough to treat and conclude 
without any futthcr Orders from their Mafter. 
But the French^ at the next Meeting, infifted, "that 
nothing could add a greater weight to the BuGnefi^ 
than to treat according to the Peace o^NimeMien^ 
and to change Ibme Articles therein, where there 
fhould be Occafion. The Mediator at the Requeft 
of the Allies replied, that they were not to treat 
according to the Treaty of N/w^f «^ only, but al- 
io acpfdiiig to that of IVeJiphalia^ fince botl^ to- 
gether had 'b^en reciprocally propofec} and accept- 
ed of in the Preliminaries; and that confeauently 
the Allies requir'd, that the French (hould rorm a 
Projeft according to thofe two Treaties, to which 
Projeft the Allies would promife a quick Anfwer, 
The French requIrM time to deliberate upon it j 
which while they were doings the Imperial Ambaf^ 
fidors promls'd to thofe of the Eleftors, that they 
would fbon communicate to them all the ActJ^les • 
tliey fliould put forwards to the en^ all Differences : 
tetween them might be adjufted. ' '' 

After feveral Conftltations, the French dedar'd 
they had not (ufficient Power to anfwer to the dif- 
ferent Propofels of the Imperialifts, but that they 
would give in a Trojeft to the Spaniards^ if they 
Vould accept of it, which the Mediator acquaint- 
ed the Allies with, adding that theFr^wA ftill pre- 
tended they had no other Power to treat, than ac* 
cording to the Treiaty of hlimguen ; whereupon the 
Minifters of the^ Allies, in a particular Conference, 
catne to an unanimous Refblution, never to conient 
to it ; diat Treaty being contrary to the Interefts 
of almoft all the Princes and States that lent them. 
In die mean time, the Eledoral Minifters could 
%^ well dsgeft the Propofal of the Imperia^ifts. th^c 

gffa )n 

A. C. 

PnjcB of 

(■■e^-t: gtm 
'I. •'. in hy 

^'i trench 
■July 2©. 


the Reign of King . 

In Dignities, and CeiHons, there (hould be no Re- 
gard had to any other, except the Ambafladors of 
die higheft Qiarafters ; for they Infifted, that diey 
ought to be treated with upon an equal foot wiin 
the reft : Hereupon the French declared, that they 
would ufe the Plenipotentiaries of the Ele<5ors in 
the lame manner, as the Emperor's Mini fters did; 
and honour the reft fo, in all publick A6ks, as to 
give no occafion of Complaints. As to the M^ 
of the Treaty, the Spaniards did at laft confent that 
die French (hould give in their Projcft, to which they 
would return an Anfwer, This they were prevails 
to do,- upon an Afliirance from the Mediator, that 
the fime (hould be made up of the Treaties of 
fVeftfhalia and Nimej^ueny he having told the French^ 
Aat the Articles they fhould propofe ought to be 
regulated by ihofe two Treaties, upon default where- 
of; no Advance could be made in the Negotiation. 
Whilft the French Minifters were bufie arout fram- 
ing their Projeft, the Eleftor of Brandenburgh^s Ple- 
nipotentiary did very earneftly prefs them to get 
a riill Power to treat with him in particular, fince 
his Matter had formerly declared War againft 
France ; and the Deputies of the Circles of Suabia 
and Franconia too infifted, to have (atisfadiron made 
them by France^ for the Damages th^y had iuftain- 
cd during the War : But all this to little pur- 

To quicken the flow advances of the Treaty, the 
Minifters of Sweden and Denmark^ did both declare 
to the French^ that their M afters would be con- 
Ibrained to join their Forces to thofe of the Allies, 
to cut off by the Sword, all the unneceffary Diffi- 
culties which France raifed to protra£k the negotia- 
tion : Whereupon, the French gave * in their Projeft 
of Peace, founded on the forementioned Treaties 
of Hiftphalia and Nimeguep ; the main Articles dP 
which , as to the Empire, were, ' An Offer to make 
' void feveral Reunions mside on that fide, by the 

* Chambers of Afcwr;{ and Befat^m ^d the oove- 

* reign Council of Brifyc^ (inqe the Trea^r of JV«- 
^ meguen. To reftore the City of Stm^a^urg^ qr to 
! give a? an Equivale|tt ti^it, fheipity ap^ Caftle 


WILLIAM the thirJ. 


of Friburg^ and the Towns of Brifae, and Philips^ A. C 
burg^ with the Fort of iOH In the Condition they 1697. 
were at prefent ; to demoHQi the Fortifications of 

* Hunninghen^ on the other fide of^ the E(hine\ to 
^ reftore Lorrain to the Duke of that name, in the 
^ lame manner as it was oflFer'd at the Treaty of 
^ Nimeguen^ that is, in the fame Condition it was 
' pofleUed by Duke Charles in 1 670. and the City 
' ot Nancy, upon certain Confiderations ; with the 

* deniolifliing of divers Places, ftch as Mont-Hoyal^ 

* Traerback^ &c. As for the Spaniards,^ the French of- 

* fer'd to give them the City and Country of 
' Luxemburg, and the Country ofiChinay, or in lieu 

* of them, (bme other Places hereafter to be nam'd, 

* for which there was a Blank left in the Projeft. 

* That all Reunions fince the Treaty of Nimeguen 

* fhould be made void ; that the City and Caftft of 
' Dinam fliould be delivered to the Btfhop of Liege j 

* and that all other Places taken on both fides du- 

* ring the War, fliould likewife be reftor'd. The 
Spaniards feem'd, in the main, to be pretty well fa- 
tisfied with the French Conceffions : But the Impe- 
rial Minifters made a tedious, and, as (brae thought, 
an unreafonable Anfwer to the Projeft; which 
the French did not much regard, their chief 
Aim being to (atisfy the reft, upon what Terms 
they were willing to give them, in order to break 
off the Grand Confederacy ; and by that meaos to 
prcferve part of their Acquifitio'ns on the I(hine^ 
fince there was (b little Pro^eft of having any 
thing eUewhere. After the delivery of the l?roje(^ 
of Peace, the King of France, finding much time 
fpcnt to little purpofe, bj^ carrying^ on a Treaty iii 
Writing, order'd his Plenipotentiaries to agree to 
the Propo(al8 the Imperialifts had made not lonig 
before, of treating by Word of Mouth ; and tho* 
die loth of September was the utmoft the E^encb 
would give, to accept their Offers; yc;t ' 
markabfc, that fince their Dlfippointment in P<?- 
hndj they began to be more tradiable than be- 



a ^4 

A. C 


Sept. I. 


The Reign of King 

Upon the *i7th of Au^ifi an extraordinary Con- 
ference was held at i^;:/w/cit» which lafted aimoft a 
whole day, and wherein the Method agreed on of 
Treating by Word of Mouth, wasfirft put in Pra- 
^ift. Not many Days after came the News of the 
Taking of B4rc^/o»i by the French, after one of the 
moil vigorous Sieges that had been known in any 
Age. This made the Spaniards very uneafie, and 
very prefling to have the Peace figtfd upon the 
Conditions ofFcr'd by France ; and more elpecially^ 
iince by the Memorial given in to the Mediator 
on the fir ft of September, there had been an Ofier 
made 10 reftore this Place alfb, to the Catholick 
King, upon a flight Confiderat ion of a (ew Villages 
belonging to the Chatelenie of Aeth to be yicldcoto 
the French, for the conveniency of the Trade of the 
Inhabitants of Tournay. But by how much the 
more condefcending the French feemed to be with 
the Spaniards, the ftifFer they became with the 
Empire, now pofitively infifting upon the keeping 
of Strasburg^ and that the Emperor fliould reft cou' 
tented with the Equivalent, which, they did, would 
be more confiderable to him, fince he would have 
the entire Sovereignty of thofe Towns that France. 
quitted J whereas 5^>'/?ii;/>g, if rcftorcd, muft have 
been let at its own Liberty, as a free Imperial Citv. 
If the Imperialifis were ftartled at this new ProjeCT, 
they were not left (urpriz'd at the fhort time pre- 
fixed by France, for their Anlwer, which was the 
:^oth oi September ; and after which the moft Chri- 
ftian King would no longer be obliged to thofe Of- 
fers. This was ftill the more mortifying to them, 
fince they began now to be (uperior in Force to 
the French^ and to a6k oflfenfively on the S^ine ; not 
to mention their JealpuGes, left fbme of the Allies 
Ihould jGgn a Separate Peace and leave them out \ 
which occafion'd Ibme Heats between the Con* 

On the other hand, the French Plenipotentiaries 
were amaz*d at the profound Silenc^ of the Miniftas 
of the Allies, concerning their laft Memorials Jut 
if (eems the conclufion of the Peac^ was to be ow- 
ing ;o the iame G^^Pfv who bad been the Soul of 

, ( 

WILLIAM the mU %6s 

the War ; I mean King, Pf^Biam. His Majeft^s A,. C. 
\vifely confidering that the ufual Forms, and ind- t6^j. 
dent Chicaneries of a Iblemn Negotiation, were no V^^f%^ 
imall hindcrance to the Progrrfs of the Treaty, 
thought 6t to commit his Per(6nal Interefts, and 
thofe of his Dominions, to the Arbitration of Two 
Men of the Sword, to wit, the Earl of Parr/^urf, on^JJ^J^J'^'^J^ 
his Britannickfl and the Marefchal dq Bouflers^ ^^Earl»f 
his moft Chriftian Majefty's Part. Accordingly thep^^lj^nj 
Royal Confederate Army being encamp'd at Cock- mU Msrefi 
ieberg^ near Bruffeh ; ana the Ptench under ViUeroy^ehMl de 
Catinat and Botifflers, not far from thence, at Iferingue^B^utlhts* 
Vive St. ^loi^ and Pepinge^ the Earl of Portland^ as* Jont 
from himlelf, demanded a private Interview with'*^- |^«S. 
Monfieur de BouffUrs^ which being readily granted, J-J^^*'^ 
the two Generals * met at an equal diitancefrom 
their refoe6live Camps, attended by the (ame num- 
ber of Guards, and accompanied by (everal Ch- 
eers of Note. This Preliminary Conference was 
loon foUowM by three others ; at • the laft t of 
which, the two Negotiators, after they b^ been 
(ome Time in the opea Field, retired into a Hoiife 
in the Suburb oiHall^ where they had Pen, Ink and 
Paper, and in an Hour, adjufted ftveral Points, that 
the Plenipotentiaries at Ifjfmck.. would not have a- 
greed upon in a Year. On the fecond of Augufi 
Portland and Boufflers fign'd the Paper they had 
drawn up (bme Days before; wherepon his Ma- 
jefty * left the Army, and went to Dieren^ fromTl^' iCr»f 
whence he difpatch'd that EaH to the Haguf^ to ac-^'^^' w 
quaint theCongrefi, That as for what concerned his^'J^'y- 
lAajefiy and his Kingdoms^ all Matters were fo adjujted *•' ^* 
with France, that this would occajion no Del^y in the 
general Peace \ and therefore he earnefHy preft the other 
ABiesy and particularly the Emperor^ to contribute alt 
that in them lay towards concluding fo great a fVor^. 

The frequent Interviews between King ^^'ft'^Ws «r^. 
Favourite, and Marefchal de Bougters occafion'd*di-(wj^^ 
vers Speculations. On the one hand the Jacobites^^biuttosu 
who againft all Reafon flattered themfelves, that tho'IandV itad 
a Treaty of Peace was carried 6n at his Majefty'sownBoufflctV 
Palace, yet he (hould be left out of it, faw by thefe ^^^^^ 
Conferences their hopes entirely baffled ; And on the^^^^^ 
> - ~ othcf 


^69 77je Reign ff King 

A. Q. other band, a great many People, and even (b 
t6yj. his Majefty's bift Friends began to fu(pe61: that 
' Majefty had entred into a private Agreement 
the King of Brance^ in favour either of King Ji 
or his Ifliie, upon Account of his Britannick 
jetty's haying the Peaceful enjoyment of his ^ 
nions during Life ; and being acknowledg'd : 
ofGrf^^ Britain bjr hismoft Chriftian Majefty : 
ill-grounded fufpicion was three years after fully 
mov'd by King l4^iUiam\ effedual promoting 
Settlement in the Proteftant Line. Qtbers gave 
that my Lord PouUudy^ and Monfieur BouffUrs, 
only agreed that King JameisQpccn fiioiald have hi 
Dowry paid her by Et^land^ in (uch a majiner, as I 
her Husband was real^ Dead : but that afterwar(| 
(he refus'd to accept it : And otners again, havefincti 
imagin'd^Bot without (bme Probability, that in \!aA 
Interviews was laid the hrfl: Foundation of the fa- 
mous Treaty of Partition^ which Was afterwards con- 
cluded between King PVilliam ^and the King of 
prance : But thefe are meer Conje£):ures ; and viii 
remain iuch, tillnhe Earl o[ Portland, or the Maoft 
chal de Bouffiers are pleas'd to reveal what paft b^ 
twixt them ; which nas been hitherto kept fccret 
The critical day appointed by France being come, 
_ when either a happy Peace, or a loijjg and bloody 

'T'd"" W^^ ^^^ ^^ determine the Fate ofChriftendom, 
f . » .the Englijh^ Spanijh and Dutch Plenipotentiaries, at 
^iUnd' ^^^ ^ ^°*^8 Conference with thofe of France^ having 
Sept ao/ adjufted all Matters remaining in difference betwesn 
any of them, did refpedively fign the Treaty, a 
little after Midnight ; and then complimented each 
other, upon the hni(hing of that important Negotia- 
tion. The Imperial and Electoral Plenipotentiaries, 
Jiw •/r^^^j^Q^ moflof them, were all the while prefent in 

^T/Sf' - ^^ ^^^' ^^^^ ^ ^^ ^^^^ contenting to what was 
Kainfi //* done, that on the contrary, they required the Media- 
* tor to enter a Proteftation, ' That this was the fe- 

* cond time ; that a feparate Peace had been cooclu- 

* ded with Frawe^ /meaning that olNimegHen for onej 
'^ wherein the ^(nperor and Eninire, had been 

* e^clu^ed ; And t;hat the States of (be Empire, who 
I ^^d been impqs^4 upon thro' their ojrn overrOJtdu- 


rti ?eaci 
Signed be 

N. S. 

The Mini* 

WILLIAM thethirJ. %6j 

' \ ity , would not, for the fature, be fo eafily perfwa- A. C. 
'" ded to enter into Confederacies. The S>^w//& Pic- \60. 
nipotentiaries, and panicularly Don Bernardo deQ^i" i^jTfy^ 
ros^ by way of Excufc, replied ; That he had a long 
x\tne Dcen made acquainted with his Catholick Ma- 
jcfty *s Plealiire, not to delay the Signing of the Trea» 
ty, which had been agreed on before ; And if he had 
obeyed thoft Orders, the French would not have ta- 
ken Barcelona : But that having deferred the Conclu- 
fion of that Treaty, at the perfwafion of the Imperi- 
al Minifters, he had given the French Time to make 
themfelves Maftcrs of that important Place, whick 
Succeft emboldened their Plenipotentiaries to change 
their Language, and thereby he had himfelf run the 
Hazard of incurring his Matter's Dilple^fiir^. The 
Truth is, the Spaniards cpuld not but perceive, 
that the Bn^li/h and Dutch could have (avM Barcelona 
this Year, if they had pleasM; But that they rather 
declined it, with an Intention to bring the Spaniards 
the more readily to accept the Offers of the French. 
And indeed thofe two Powers having in a manner, 
born the whole Burden of the War, both by Se^ 
and Land, whereby their refpe£live Subjeftswere 
reduc'd to great Straits, e(pecially as to their Trade ; 
it could not feem ftrange that they were forward to 
fign a Glorious and Advantageous * Peace. ^ ♦ ^ee the 

All this while the Abdicated King ot England y^ticUs of 
made but an indifferent Figure in his melancholy Feace in 
Retirement at St. Ger mains : The French King's ^^-' j^pfen* 
Promifc to that unfortunate Prince, and open De- ^'*- 
claration, to all Europe^ that he would never lay ^' ^»^trtft 
down Arms till he had reftor'd him to his Throne,/ ^^^^, ^ 
hadraisM his htcBritannick. Majefty's Hopes to ^i^^l^jf^ 
great neight. But he found by fad Experience how ^^^ ' ' 
Jittle the Promifes ol Sovereigns are to be rely'd on, ' 
when their own Intereft comes in competition .- Af- * 
ter a tedious War, dubioufly * maintain'd, the King ^c^edmur 
of France^ being exhaufted both of Men and Money, & totidtm 
thought it Prudence to clap up a Peace, and reftore Plagis conm 
to his Neighbours all the Conquefts he had made ^^dimus 
' upon them fince the Treaty of N/i»<?5«e» ; which he ^i^**"' 
was the more enclin'd to do, in hopes, that having 
(ji^'d and |;)roke the Confederacy, he might get 


x68 The Reign of King 

A. C aU ^g^in at the Death of the King of Sp^n ; \ 
1^97* ^^^ iQ^ny y^cs had been in a pining, lingrio^ 4 
^^^,rs^ ^^ Health ; and who, at the concluuon oF the Pes 
oiHyfmck. was in (b defperate a condition^ ^^^^\ 
JPy-mci^Court thought he could not live aN4oathlQa| 
On the other hand bis mod Chriiti^n Majefty, ben 
feniable that a Treaty couldrnot be fet on Foot, o 
only without owning King H^UUamj but al(b fas 
Coniequence o( that Acknowledgment^ without t 
bandoning King James ; He neither did infiA thatj 
Minifter trom that unfortunate Monarch (faould h 
admitted to the^ Conferences at Hjfvfick. ; which Pro- 
po£d was unanimouQjr reje£bed 1^ the Allies ; nor 
would the French Plenipotentiaries meddle w^j^ dot 
Princess Mani^efto. King James^t Expe^ation of 
the Frr»cA King's Protection b^ins thus di(appoin^ 
ed ; and bis Majefty finding that his Par Jons as well 
as his Threats^ had no efie<^ upon his Subje6ts, he was 
perfwaded to publifh his fiia Manifefto, containing 
l^otb afummary Account of the ^eafonsthatjhouldengagi 
the Confederate Catholick Princes to promote bis S^cftora- 
i^n Sicfojlulation of the Injuftice done Him ; and a 
Proteftation againft what was done tf^Ryfwick, as null^ 
in rifJpeH to the violation of his Rights ; Of which no 
notice was taken by any of the Allies. As to the 
late King*s Friends in England, they were lb enrag'd 
to fee him forlaken by the King of France^ that rhey. 
could not forbear venting their bitter f Inve6lives a- 


t The following Latin Episram was made upon 

that Occauon. 

Pompeium Pharius tradit^ hodoix^ue Jacobum .- 

I{egibus infidis Hqffes uter^ue ferity 
pslior at Gallus, quam Qens malefida Gmopi^ 

Hoc admifijfes tune^ Photine, Nefas ? 
Prodidit hie Socium^ ViSori ViHus An\icupi ; 

Aft yiSor ViSto tra4idit illefuum. 

WILLIAM tt)e imra. xp^j 

g^mfl: his moft Chriflian Maiefly ; for which (bme A.^ CI 
ot them were cominip<ed to Prifon and Filled ; the 169*7. 
^une, being a violation of the late Treaty between c^VV 
the Crowns of England and France. 

"The'Proteftant French Refugees in England, G^*Frcncli 
tnanj and Holland, were at this Time, no Icfii difap- Refugees 
T>6inted,than t;he Royal Exile in France,K. W. having ^'>f- 
on all Occafions^ declarM himfelf their Protestor, ^•'«^'^ 
they rcafonaWy cxpe<aed that he would alio' prove 
their Deliverer; and never conclude a Peace with 
IPrance, without obliging their natural Sovereign to 
reftore them both to their Eftates, and the free Exer- 
cife of their Religion , in their oWn Country. 
Upon this Prefumption, feveral Con&ltationis were 
held in London, by the French Mioifters, and the mott 
; confiderable Pcrfons among the Refugees thercj 
' wherein it was debated, in wnat Method they (hould 
' xnake their Applications to the Plenipotentiaries at 
' i{rfmcl{^''t and upon what Terms they (hould agree 
to their Reftoration, which (bme amongft thenu 
look't upon as infallible. The Refult of thefe Ai- 
fcmblies being tranfmitted to MonGeur Jurieuj the 
Head of all the F/'tfwc/? Refugees in Holland, he. ^ith 
his ufual Zeal for the Proieftant Caufe, addreft him- 
(elf to King PVilliamj who direded the Dutch Pleni- 
potentiaries to open that Matter, at a Diftance, to 
the French Ambaffadors. The Dutch Minifters fol- 
low'd his Majefties Orders, but the King of France,, 
to whom this Overture was communicated, expret 
fing an infiiperable Avcrfenefi to it, and urging, that 
as He did not pretend to prefiiribe King William any 
Rules about his Subjefts, io He expefted the 
lame Liber^ as to his own, which he look'd upon 
as the great Prerogative of a Sovereign ; his Britan^ 
nick. Majefty infitted 'no farther upon it,^ 

Before we proceed, we muft take notice of Mon- j^ p^j 
ficur Fointih Expedition into the TVe!l-lndies, which ^ j», '^^^^ 
dcferves a Place in thisHiftory, not only becaufe iidition. 
has made a gfeat Noile in the World, but principal- 
ly, becaufe it has been the Opinion of many People, 
tnatit might have been difappointed by his Britannic^ 
Maicfty's Fleets. M. Point i, having fitted out a Squa- 
dron of Men of War, at the Charge of a Company 



.1 . 

%70 The Reign of King * 

A. G crc<3:ed by the French King's Permillion for that pt 
\6^y, pofe, let out from Breft towards the Beginning oft 
t^ir^ Year, and in fifty five Days arritr*d before St. I 
mif^o. Here he was confiderably reinforced, ai 
being alfo joya'd by the Buckaniers and Free-Bootc 
in tbofe Parts, he pfroceeded to put his Deiign upc 
Carthagenu^ in Execution. He received no ifnall A 
fiftance in this Projeft from one Venner^ an BngUj 
Man who had fcrv'd the Spaniards many Vears, an 
who drew him feveral Plans of that wealthy Town 
by which Monfieur Pointi ]udg^d there was a NcceiE* 
ty of poflefling himfelf, uponhis firft ArrivaI,of a coo- 
uderaDle Poff, Call'd Noftre Dame de U Foufpe \ or 
clft the 5^4w/V^j would have an Opportunity to car- 
ry off whatfoever they were defirous to five. Ha- 
ving been unfiiccefiful in this Attempt, thro* the 5c/- 
tuation of the Place, he bent his Efforts againft 
the Fort of Bocca Qhkay of which, in a fhort time, 
he made himfelf Matter, notwithftanding the Diffi- 
culties he met in approaching It ; and the Daftardii- 
nefiof the Buckaniers in his Service. The taking 
of this Fort was (bon followed by the Surrender rf 
that of St. LaT^artH, after which Carthagena it felf was 
invefted, both by Sea and Land. The Place was 
attacked and defended with a great deal of Vigour: 
but the Sfonijh Succours not coming in Time, and 
fidl Things being now ready for an Aflault, the Gar- 
rifcn thought fit to agree to a Capitulation whereby 
they were to march out thro' the Breach, with all 
the ufiial Marks of Honour, and four Pieces oi 
Cannon j but, for the reft, that all Silver, without 
Referve, (hould belong to the Conqueror : and that 
fuch of the Inhabitants, as ftaid behind, mould en- 
joy all they had excepting their Plate. 
In pursuance of thefe Articles , the Governor 
Cartkage- march'd out of Carthagena^ and ^Pointi enter'd it on 
na taktn^ the 6th ofMay^ but tho' the Latter, according to the 
M^yCtk. Agreement , was to have all the Silver, how to 
^^97- come at it, was no finall Difficulty. At laft he 
bethought himfelf of vn Expedient, ordering it to 
be pubTifliM, That he would give the Tenth to the 
Proprietors, of whatfoever they honettly brought 
him^ and a Tenth to them that JDbould inform him 

" of 

WILLIAM theThird. 

t any Perfbns that concealed their Effefts ; to which 


A. a 

added his Threats of immediate Punifhment on 
ormal Dilbbedience; which had the defired EfFe£l: 
Lxpon the Generality of People. Neither were rfie 
Churches and Religious Houfes fpared, being fdbbf'd 
and riffled of feveral mafly Images of Gold and SilVer, 
and other precious Ornaments ; ihrf, after all, the 
Ek>oty fell much (hort of Monfieur PointH Eic- 

ge6tation ; for the Place having taken the Alarm 
efore his Arrival, all the Women of Quality andi 
otliers with their Jewels, and 120 Mules laden with 
Gold were gone a great way out df his Reiacb r 
And how bafely foeVer the Buck^iefs fcrv'd him in 
this Expedition, they had their aflign'd Proportion 
of the Spoil j with which, nevisrthelds, foiiic of them 
-were not fatisfied. 

The French not thinking it ad vilable,6r poffiUe^to 
keep this Conqueft ruin'd the, Fort odoccaChica oti 
the laft day of May, and 06 the firft oi June put out 
to Sea, (landing for Cape Tahron ; when an Advice* ^ 

Boat from Petit Guaves came^nd informed them,th^ 
1 5 Englijh Men of War were arjiv'd on the iirjtb of 
jipril2itBarbadoesyXo look after fnem. This nKlde 
Monfieur Point i alter his Qnirfe tor the Sfreigia idBd^ 
hama^ttW Gx at Night, when he fell in with tbcEmi^^ 
who proved to be much Stronger thin he wastt^rm- 
edi and who preftncly took o;nfi of his Fly-boats, on 
Board of which there was a^ coofidcraHe quantity of 
Ammunition and Provlfion. While this was doing,halfp^f - 
the Engli/k Fleet, that \^^eit »ot within Reach of ther^/'"J* 
Enemy, feem'dto decline Fighting, tillthercft, to"^-^^ ^ 
Leewardy could come up to the A£^ion whkh gave efisftrj^ 
the French an Opportunity of getting before tbem : tH:rsi Ne* 
On the other band, the Advate'd Part of the Bnj^i^ vill. 
Fleet having got the Windward of the French, and 
within lefi than Cannon-ftot, Monfieur Poinki, wh6 
law the Weccflity of Fighting, gave the Signal for 
the Engagement ; But the Bngliflj Adrtiiral, Neviil, 
reckoning there was no Safety^ for the French^ but tt> 

SO before the Wind tor the Speights of Bahatna^ 
aclcned his Way, propo&og to get fo much a Heald 
of them as to hinder their Paflage. Hereiqpen the 
Bmbi at the clofing of the Night tack'd about, and 


17* The Reign cf King 

n. A." fcond .the Succefi of their working the next 

^97* ^'^ ^'^y could reckon no Aiore than fburreen 

yY'sJ ioUowing them in a Line, and they not fo hij 

&r, as the Daybeforc, which made the JF>-«ac-A 

. ' nue the &me Board,till they got within lo Lc 

ot CtTth*gena^ where they were on the 9/A. of 

aod the next Day got clear off of the En^li/h j 

Having made Co narrow an dcapc, the Frefici 

ed for Nevftund-Lmd, and on Uic ^j of ^. 

pBt in tor Water at Conceftion-Bay, From 1 

they Steer'd their Courfc to that of St. Jofm's^ v 

lay a Squadron of £ng'i/b Ships under Commc 

tiorrh; who iuppoGng the French, (now- mig 

weakned by Sicknefs) to be much ftronger than 

wcrc,declin'd putting out to fight them, and Co 

d^ed this Secona danger as th^'did afcerw; 

a TliirdfromfixEii^/iyfcMenofWar, that attai 

(hem in their Paffage from thence into F>-*rw«-wb 

Pnnti m- they confefled was more than they themfelves cc 

riff /« hive expelled, conGderine the pitiful PHght 1 

Prance, ^ere rcduc'd to i and for which neverthelefi no 

*» 19'fc jy ^ifas ever call'd to Account, to any Purpoft, 

inake.ftill tluagt worfe on the fide of the Englijh, 

only Admiral NftnV died in the fVeB-Tndlei, but n; 

. ti£v» other Commanders : So that of all th? Capts 

that went out there was only one diat retum'd ; s 

{u(^ ft Mon^ty hid rased among the Seamen, tl 

there were (carce Hands enough to bring the Sbi 

Home. Let's now return to Tijfmckt 

Trau if Xho' the Imferiaiifts were not a little concern'd 

J"*?'** the Proceeding of their Alliei, yet they thought 

2KL-. advifeable to agree to a Ceflation of Arms, and E 

5j_( ^^ preffes were immediately difpfflcii'd to the refoeflii 

'Ajmies upon the f^int, to give over any fiirthi 

A£b of Hoftility. However, before Prince ifir, 

of BaitH had notice of it , be had made hiii 

fclfMafterof theCaftleof Eherenhurg, and waipn 

paring to lay Siege to Kjm, But what was ftil 

Tt^Turb more mortining to the Imperial Minillen, waj 

a*fi»ud kj that Advice had not come a few days fooner of chi 

p. Esg»- GttTX. V'lScmy obtain'd at j^ta, over the TvKit bj 

T*, Sept. the Emperor's Forces commanded by Prince ^mM 

uik, of S^verj ^'■'iuch Succefi vouldj iaallprotnlnOty. 

■ " have 

W I L L I A M /-&if ThirJ. %7j 

ade S'/>d(nandibc leftlefseagerto Sign the Peace i A. C- 
d ihe French lefs ftiff with the Impiytaids. itfg?.-' 

Not many days afrer the Conciufion of rhe fore- >-^"V^sJ', 
ention'd Truce between the Emprni a-AFrmct, 
veral Amb.fl>dors of the Allies waited upon Vi\ngrhi Tuttf 
'William ai Loo, where it was contulted what pre- *«(»«ii 
luilonary Meafures could to be taken to prevent Franca 
le Violation of the Peace lately concludtd, and""^'** 
was wliifpcr'd that an oS'enlive and detenfive A\\i-^'"f\" 
ice was enter'd into, or rather renewed between the ""^'"^ 
'onfederates. Now the Anibaffadorg ot the Empire 
appening lo complain ag^in, how much they were 
rrong'd by a precipitate Treaty, they were anfwer'd 
rhat they oiight to impute ittothemfelves, asha- 
ing been often advis'd to put in their Demands 
I'itnout Delay, and not to retard the Negotiation) 
nd that they lliould not have flatter'd theoi^lres 
hat more advantageoui Conditions could have been 
jot thereby ; fitice the French inCHcd {till upon the 
]rft,from which they would never recede. The Im- 
3erialifl:s (eelng iheir Eicpollulatlons had no EtTe^,' 
jent their Thoughts upon adjufting the remaining 
Points in Controverlie with Frame i The main dige- 
■ence ieem'd to be about Str/ishre, and fince they 
:ould not obtain its being refloreo, tbey inlifled CO 
nave the Eq^uivalent for it Ibmewhat enlarg'd \ as 
iWo that belides LmHau, all the Places ti^Kcn hy^ 
France on that Tide, fince the Treaty of Nimeguen^ 
[hould be yielded up, and Fen-Ltuis refign'd ro the 
Duke of Lorram , But the French Plenipotentiaries 
aofwer'd, they had no Power to exceed their Or- 
lers, and therefore could, by no means, comply wldl 
theft Demands .- So that there was yet but little Ap- 
pearanceof klngiDgMattcrstoahiial Accommooa- i 

But what is mod remarkable in ihe whole Courle o? 
this important Ntgotiarion, is the warm Xeal which ■ 
the B'oteJIar.tFxMizt s uf ihe Empire (hcwM upon this 
Occafion fur the Intertft of ihtir Religion : Far 
their Amb.^iTadors being met together a[ the Hoi^ 
of ihe Enitot of JWent;f'j Ptenipotcntary, they nam'd 
fo Ur Deputies, who deliver'd a Memorial to the Me- 
diator wherein ihey demanded , Thacaty/r-wW, 
T t t Cwhic> 

■ a 74 the Reign of Ki/t^ 

A. C (which now the ImpnUlifls inclin'd to leave 

1697 Hands of the French) and other Cities of ^ 

O*^^ vhich belonged loFrdnce, by virtue of former 

ties, the Lutheran Religion mould be tolerate 

enjoy all tho^ Rights '^nd Immunities it had 

Year 1614. To this the French demanded 

days to anfwcr; But what Mifunderftanding 

there mighc appear to continue between the 

the Imperial Plenipotentiaries, as to theother 

they did pcrfeflly well agree, or rather conit 

gerher, to have a Claufe inlerred in the IVtb < 

of the Treiity between the Empire 'and Fran 

porting, That the Popi/h Religion {hould be 

cis'd in the fame State it was now in the re(j 

Places that were to be dcliver'd up ; withoi 

Notice taken of the Reformed; At which tl 

niflersof the Proteftant Princes were lb offcodt 

they refus'd to fet their Hands to the Treaty 

^cttrali- concluded, and publifli'd a Declaration conn 

Mo/#A« in fubftance .- ' That the taid Claufe was en 

fr«cj7*i« t oppofitc, I. to the fundamental Laws of thi 

tifr':t)7' ' P"^*^' '^^^ " ^° ^y* ^* *'^^' ^° '^^ Peace of R 

gtinfithi 'on, in the Year I J- f J-, wherein it was agreed, 

Claujiin- * 'he Cempaniens and jljfoeiates of the Ausburg 

firttd in * fejjion, fhaS remain in the quiet VoJfeJJlon of thi J 

the Treaij * fiaJtieM Efiatei and Hpilt belonging *o them, *M 

ietWM" the * thi^ fhaB not he mokjied by any Procefi of Law 

&>ipirtmd' ffjgi eccafion; as more especially to the Pca( 

France, » ^Vcfiphalia, which ought to t)e loofc'd Upona 

MMKf t Bafisgnd Foundation of this Peace ; fortb 

I'fiiM. » exprefsWords of that Treaty are. That die 

* ana oxAy Foundation of the Reftirution, an 

* the Performance which ought to follow s, 

* reafon of the Ecclefiiftical Affairs, ought tobe 

* Year 1624. and refpefUvcly in th.c L'aUtinate, 

* fore the Commotions in Bohtmia , till [he C 

* troverlies about Religion fhali be amicably if' 

* Iiatcd. Q.dly, To the Capitulation of the Em 
' torand theKingofthei(om-iw*, whereby theC- 

* ciufion of the faid Pence of Religion, andnf 

* Peace of Pf^^'Jiphaliathv. follow d it, areconcrfl 

* ^dl^. To the Inftru'ftion given to thi; Oepu''" 
J the Empirt at the prcfeai Treaty of Peace, whj 

WILLIAM the Thirl 47? 

irefcribes as well to rhe Catholiclft as Evangeliftj, A. C. 
,fter what manner they ought to a£l in rhefe 1697. 
.Vords, Tl}at sinimgs both Ecciejiajiical 4}tdPoUti-\^_^/-.f'^ 
t/, of vbich tny Altera'ionmayhMe bsmtnade^fisall 
t rcjlofd to their firll Condition^ according to the Ae- 
'utation of the Peace cf WeOphalii ; which fn- 
tru£lion was contirm'd by his Imperial Majelly* 
\fhljy To the particular Inftruiiion which rhe De* 
^ucics of the Confciiion of Aaihurg have receiv'd \ 
rrotn the Evangelick Body, jihly, to the particu- 
-ular Orders ofthcir Mafters tending to the (ini« 
end. 6ibty, To the Guaranty of the Peace of H^7?» 
ph*liat with which the moft Chriftian King is in- ' 
trufled. ythi/. To the Preliminaries ofthatPeaca 
which were the Foundation of the Treaties thaC 
foUow'd. ithh, To the Projtft ar-d Declaration 
the AmbalTadors of France dcliver'd the 2.0th of 
?K^, and I. ofXf//. wherein no mention is madcoF 
any (uch dangerous Alteration in the Peace of 
fVeftfhalia. $thly , To the preceding Artida 
of the Peace of HJifwick, according to which the 
Treaties of fVeftpbatia aed NirtKgueH are look'd 
upon a* the BaGs of the prefcnt Peace j and beouild 
it is alio added, ihai; immsdiateiy after tbe Hatifica- 
tiont, thefaidTreatiei^ailbe duiyput in Execution^ 
in TtffeB of the Spiritual and Ttmperal, andjhall be in^ 
violaUy ehfirv'dfor tbe future. For as to the Claufc 
that follows, if it jhall be exprejly derogated from it 
bytheprefenc Treaty, it is certain that it was only 
to be underftood of the Temporal, and not of th« 
Spiritual, as may be manifcftly itifcrr'd from the 
Paflagc already died, and by many others of th» 
PfeJIphaliaTt Treaty ; For it was there coiKludedj 
ana more e^qialiy in the Vth Article, Paragraph 
5. of tbeTreaty of Ofnahrug, That They of the Cem* 
mimitn if Ausbyrg /bmU net be molejledfor the Timt 
it (vnv, in any manner whatever, in the Poffe0on ef 
fatb EJhuet(f the Church, which they enfold., but that 
' they fkeutd be fbr ever feeurt from ail Profecutfoni of 
' Lav And Violence f till the Conttfii about ^ligirnl 
' Pxuld be determined, iothly, To-the (eparateAr' 
' licbof the Treaties psdl with the Ring of Gr<vip 
' Mriiain, aadthe'SnicsGeacralof [hcUnitedPro* 
. _ ■ . i' T 1 1 4 t Vincei 

17* The ReigH of King 

^. A. * *incei i by which his Imperial Majefty aOi 
'^97' ' Empire, were left at Liberty to conclude i 
^t»y><^ ' conclude the Peace, by a Time preBx'd i 

• Conditions, that had been (tipulatcd in the 
' jeft and Declaration of France. 1 1 . Mor 

• they utledg'd, thatihe U'ld CUu(c gives too 

• a mock ro the Union and Tie of Concord 

• reign'd in all the States of the Empire, la. 

• lince his Imperial Majefty's Ambafladors hai 

• ftti to take notice oi the general Remonftrat 
' the Evangclicks, concerning the Executioi 

• of the jd. Article of the Peace, by whic 
,• Treaties of tfyifhalia and Isim-guen, an 

• down as the Bafis of the prefint Treaty ; b 

• the laid Execution in the Empire, no waj 
.• cern'd France, but only the Emperor and the 
.• pire. 11. Seeing alio that the Embifly ofh 

• perial Majefty had not only refus'd to tak' 

• cognlzanceoFthe particular Remonftrances oi 

• ef the Evangelicks, by which they defir'd tc 

• vide for the ReeftabliQiment of their Religii 

• the Provinces which were to be reflor'd to th 

• man Empire, looking upon thete Remonftr; 
•'as fiipcrfluous, becjufe theyno way concernl 
,* moft Chriftlan King; and as being already ( 

• prii'd under the Regulation of the jd. An 
' BeCdes, that they rejefted a general Remonfti 

• of the Evangelicka, for the Prelerpiiilon ol 

• Evangelick Religion, in the City of Stmi 

• and in Alfaiia, upon the Stipulations ol 
' Treaty of l^eJfjihaUa, there was no Reafbn thii 

• Embafly o£ Frame fhould pretend the Admin 

• ofthis Claufe, orthatthe Emperor's Embafly fh 
T admit it; and make an alteration ib contrar 

• theiald Peace, in the Territories of the Empir 

• reference to Ecclcfiaftical Affairs, li. Thm 

• the laid Protejlam Ambaffadors and Plenipoiff 

• rieS could not ^7e their Conftnt to the Claut 

• often mcntion'd, contraryto their Orders and tl 

• Confciences, without doing fome notable Pr 

• dice both to their Maftcrs, and all the reft i 
' upheld the Peace of ffifiphalia ; more eli;eci 
I perceiving, upon Reading the Treaty of ^»^b'/c^ 
^ t« U WuSifia'd, tlaftt ceruk Things were loitn 

WILLIAM the ThirJ. zyj 

not only in this Arride, but id feveral other PU- A. C. 
ces, without their knowledge, and at the feme i6^j. 
time other Things omitted, which did not flightly t-^i'%i 
concern the Evangelicks ; and of which Report 
would be made to the Statts of the Eniplre. if. 
Thatiho* ic waspropos'd by way of Expedient 
that the Evangelicks fhouw Sign the Treaty of 
Peace, in hopes the Affair would be accommoda- 
ted, there were but T^'ee who did it upon partU 
cul3rRe..(bns; the reft rcfufingthar Ojnfent, be- 
caufe their inltniftionsexprefly cnjoyn'd 'cm tfie • 
contrary, the Dlfpure being about a change of 
StatCj in regard to Ecckfuftick Affairs, wilhia 
tVie Territories of the Empire. And they thought 
they might ihc better du it,becau(e the Embanadort 
of fCiWJCtf had very often excusM themfelves, during 
the Courfe of the Negotiation, pretending they 
' had not his moft Chriftran Mjjefty's Orders, in 
'_ Things of lels Importance. nS. thus atter 
' mature deiibcri^tion , another Expedient was 
' Propounded, which was to defer Signing the 
' Treaty till ihe Proreftant Princes of the Em- 
' pire Ihould be inform'd of all ThinM, aad 
' fliuuld dtchire themfeives upon this Affair, ei- 
' ther at Hfitishon, or at the Time of the Rat!fica». 
' tion. Whtretorc ihe Amb-iffadors and Plenipcu 
' tentiaries of the Fle£tor of Saxmy, Dutchy ot 

* Dtux-Pontj. Saxa Goibit. Ouke of Brunfrvick^-^ll, 

* Eledoroffirdni/fniur?, Duke of Saxe-Cobtirg, Mat- 
■ grave ot htreith, Duke of ISrunfwick. if olfethuttel, 
' and Dutchv of Hnlficin Gluckiiaift, carneftly defi- 

* red the Ambaffadors Mediators, that this their Re.' 

* monftrance might be infertcd in their Regifterj 

* and that ihey might have an Aft given them to. 

* coniirm the pre(enting k .- Protefling alfo, at tho 

* fame Time, that their Mafters were no Ufi Zealous 

* for the Peace, than the reft of the Princes of £«-?!"?!,, 

' TBpe^ and that it was great Grief to them, tfiatf^*™! 

* they could not Sign in their Maflcrs Name, by e^^;„ 
f Reafon of this uncxpefted Ditficulty. ^^^^ ■ 

To make an end of this memoralireNegotiat!on,FTin«, 
the Conferences continu'd at jy/wiV-^ between 
Imperial taA French Plenipotentiaries, tilt thc;oths«'A« 
jlOSoW, when all Thing* were agreed on, andAppsadi^ 

i7^ The Bei^n cf King 

A C. the Tteaty Slgn'd, two days before the time limi 
1697. ted by France was exprr'd. And tho' tbis Peac 
V'YV with ihp Empire was not fo advantageous to it, no 
tbe Reftiiurion of Lemiin in fo ample a maiine 
ag was cxpefled j yet it muftbe own'd, that [b: 
Power of Fm-nce, Wiis now f xtreamly reduc'd, i 
it be confider'd, TTiat flie gave up many confi- 
dcrible Towns j^n Germany, which fhe had ben 
long poffefid o^ particularly tbe important Place 
cf Bri/ac ; That by tbe taking of Ca^a/, and th: 
Peace of Savej/^ flie had entirely loft her Footing in 
J>4/r ; That the fame Barrier w^s left in Cattlotiit 
fls before ^ and that there was a ftronger Frontia 
in rhf Low CtuHtrUs. by her Reftitutioq of all flu 
took fince the beginning of rhe War, with the Addi. 
tion of Luxemburg and DinaMt. HTie French them- 
Jelvcs, who did not enterinto the Vie va of their Mo- 
narch, were (b (enfibie of this, and (b little plcaj'd 
wirh tbe Treaty of i^y/»ie^^ that they made very 
' fcvere Refleiftions on Meiiieurs Harlay, Crecj ang 

Callliere, theirPlenipotenciarics, whom they tradtt 
ced. in their Lampoons, which were publickly Sun| 
in PiTtt, and over all the Kingdom oi France ; whfJ^ , 
the Courage, Relblutionand Wifdomof King W7/. | 
;«am_ ro which this great Work was principally ov- 
ine, were Celebrated and Adtnir'd diroughout all thf 
5 'Twas the Admiration of thole Eminent Virtue 

;_ '^fer jjjgj jj.p^ jjjg Q^^j qP MufcBvy, * the moft Potent 
•-.^tj^o- princcof the Monh, outofhisownDomimons ;aod 
""■*' m^ehim traverfe vaft Tra£b of Land to receive 
his Majeftv's la(lru£Hons ; wherein he prudently imi, 
titol the QiJien of Sheba, who, many Ages before, 
had done the Gme, to hear the Wifdom o( SekmtHi 
fy fy„. And bctabfe he could not appear in 6iher Stare^ 
ietf he. ' with that Majelly and Splendor which he had in bi| 
».» ibe own Enipire,fK' condefcended to go, incognito, among 
"'■ '/■ tbe Ambafladors, whom 10 coverTiisJouri^, he lent 
fufcovy, ToHoSandsnABnglMil. After thefe AmbaUado(sha4 
'■* ^'"« bad thelrAudieoce of the States-general at the Hw«», 
/illMm. j^jgy were admitted to thai of his Britanniok. Majelty, 
■P^' "• at Vtreeht\ which betofl over, his Majeftyandtfac 

' ■ ^ ^rmetinafniaUO*llery»"«ovbJchthe7pitcr^ 

W I L L I A M /-&f Thir^, a?> ' 

,,bothataTime,outoftheadjoyiMngRoonis,and A. C 
rarty Embraces, and Compliments being paft on 16517. 
jth fides, they had a long Conference together a- \.(*-V"Nj 
>ut the Pufture of Affairs,^ wherein the Czarhighl/ . 
ppUuded his Majefty's indefatigable Endcavoui^ 
id conftant Aim to reduce Fiance within his ancient 
Amits. The g^jjlati Emperofs Efteem for King 
ViUiam being highly increased by this Interview, ana 
QofirmMby (cveral other Conferences he had with 
U8 Majcfty, he refblv'd to viGt that happy apd pow- . ... 
rfijl Nation, who had (b great a Prince to their iovc- 
eigo. Accordingly iheCxar tollow'd King '-fil' iff Cut 
i4im into E>:gi<tnd, where he was magnificently emer ctm * ikvp* 
an'd, with allhisnumerous Retinue, at liis Miijefty's"'^«En- 
>wn Charge, and had privjte Conferences not only «'»'"'• 
with his Majefty, but with the Princcfs and Prince "^■'''''7 '** 
Denmark., who contributed not a little to his diverfion, ' *** 
ind at the fame time raisd his Surprize by a Splen- 
did Ball, at which were prefcntthe brighteft Bcau- 
tiet in Enj(Utid. During his llay in London, his 
Cj^^i-i/fc Majefty endeaTOur'd toinflrufthimftlfinthe 
knowledge of feveral ulefiil Arts, unknown to bis 
barbarous Subje^s, and more particularly, la 
that of Navigation ; with dcfign to Build a Fleet 
both on the Bdtick,, to advance the Trade of 
his Empire, and on the Black Sea, to annoy tli4 
Turiij: Which Projeta however, has not been yeC 
put in Execution. There were not, wanting thole 
whoccnfur'd that Prince for leaving hisOaminionS£,,r/a/' 
after this manner : I will not altogether excufe him, but ?wtluvk 
content my felt to (ay, that his Example is never to be w#mV ■ 
fotldw'd, till there arife again lb great a Man as Klng-*"**^ 
jViliiAm; whofe Merit may, iolorae mcafiire,juitifie^^» 
the Curiofity of feeing him. il^^r 

. Not long after the conclufiQit of the Peace, King '*>', 
JVtSUm Nam'd the Earl of Portland to bo his Am-lj^j ^ 
baiTador Extraordinary in Sr^mee ; which Honour ^^; ^e 
tho' it Fais'dnofinalljealoufie among the Bn^liJhiJetCeyt 
ytt feem'd due to tha Favourite, by having had ib »nd 4t^ 
greataihareinbringinathe Wartoa happy Period, *'»/*«'«'■ '• 
Much about the fame Time his Mijefty created the '*<Sutes^ 
Lord VifcouHt Wi^w^ one of his Plenipotentiaries ***'"^*'»- 
at i(/»(ct Earl oljsrfey ; and gave him the Cha- 
Iftfter of j|ls Ambailador to the Seatei-General ; And 4 having 

i8o The Rei^M ef King 

A. C. hi'n'ng ftttled ftveral important Matters^ widi t^e 
1^97. Eleflor of Bmtria, and Prince Vaudemntt^ and ve- 
C'V^w' ry honowrably paid off the Foreign Troop* in hli 

TNot.?. Service, hit Majefty went from ^mle/iein to the 
«. S. Hague. Here hiiMajefty recciv'itheComplimenti 
«m« 7' ""* °"'^ °* ^'^'^ States. General, the States Provinci- 
iJ»H>on^ »1) Councilor State ; and of all the Ambfifladora, 
"■*" 'and Publick Minifters of the Allies; but lifcewUiot 
the freneh Plenipitcntiarics who had a private Au- 
f Nov. 5.difncc t of hli Majefty in his Cioftt, Thelikedt.! 
N. S. monftrations of Relpctts, were paid to his Mdjefly, 
Nov. the fame Pe>fa>u, on his Birth-Day ; * whiti 
^l- "• both at the Hague, and in tendon, was Solemniz'J 
with extraordinary Rcjoycings : The King having i 
given a Magnificent Ball at the firft of thcfe Piacdi 
and hep RoyalHighncfs the Princefs of Oenmark.^ at 
3fc Pr«ft the latter. Not m iny Days t before, the Peace, by 
Prtc/aim'ithe Lords JufticesOrder, wasprocUira'd in LonJea, > 
inhon. with univ.rfal Joy; and about T-hree Weeks after 
J?"" their Excellencies having reciiv'd Information, that 

Frec'Um^. the Duke of Berviel^ Sir George BurcUy, Harri/M, 
tienttff' ^'"■'•''^ Colonel Pail^er, and feveral other fofpe&ea 
frehmd Pef'ons, Under the Favour ol the Treaty of Peace, 
fraer»l which had open'd the free Paffage between Frttia 
ftrfim. and Er.^and, were come over upon feme creafbna- 
tNov, ii-ble Dehgns, they iffued out their Proclamation for 
the Apprehending of the (aid Pcrfons, promi^ng the 
Reward of One Thoufand Pounds for every oneof 
rt( King The King having regulated with the Stdtet-Geni- 
hands iH r*l the Number of Forces which they thought nc- 
England, ccflary to be kept on Foot the next year, hla Maje- 
Nov. i^ fty Erabark'd for E«^/«iion the ijth o( November, 
"• *• and the next Mornmg fafely Landed at MargMe. 
The fame Day hisMajefty went to C«nterhury, where 
he receiv'd the Cosgritulttions o( the Magiftrates, 
and the Clergy, upon his happy Return wita Peace, 
On the Fifteenth his Majefty lay a? Gveemitk, 
•n, ifnu ^^^ ^^^ "^"^ ^*y 8*^* ^ EngUtfi the Moft glofi. 
tJfTihr^^^^ Shew thate*er the Nation Taw : I meaatheii 
London" ^'^"■eign. Triumphing over all hia open Enpmiei; 
in1i;u!nph "ot by a bloody Battle, But, what Is far more bono* 
QQf. ^6. rabUto^ChHftianPrinctf, by {btdng them (q ^ 

_ ........:.,......,.,. -■-'■-■ ^ 

WILLIAM *fe nirff. i8r 

T Peace: The King, at ibe Reqoell of hij Loyal A. C 
-Ky oiLondm, to hoRour them, by pafGog thro' nSy?. 
le f^me publiclciy , Set forth in his Coach Iroin X^fSi 
Weemvicb^ accompanied by his Royal Hightwfi. 
'rince Gear^ ohotnmtrf^ and attended by the areat 
I>flficers of State, and a numerous Concourfc mthe 
Lords Spiritual and Temporal, the Privy Council, 
!udgC8 and divers other Perfons of Quality of the 
Chree Kingdomsi And being come to St. M4r/arett~ 
Hill in Souihwark,-, was there receivM by the Lord- 
Miyor, and Aldermen in their Formalities on 
Horfeback. His LordQiip alighting, prefcntcd to 
the King the City Sword, andreceiv'dit backagain, 
with his Majefty's dirc6^ions to carry it before htm. 
The Recorder alfbaliehtir.g made a mort Congratu- 
latory Speech to his Mijcfty ; which being over, 
they proceeded from thence to ff^itehaS. A De- 
tachment of about 100 of the City Trained Bandj,' 
in BufE-Coats led t^e way, from the Bridge to Cb4^ 
Ying-Crifs ; Thefe Were foilow'd by two of the King's 
Coaches, and one of Prince Qeargt'i ; the two City 
MarHials, with their Men ; the Sheriffs Officer} 
with Javelins, preceded by two of the Citv Trum- 
pets. Next came the Lord Mayor's Ofikers on 
Horftback, in their proper Gowns, each attended 
byaServantin Livery; next ihcKinfi's Banner, borft 
by the Common Hunt, preceded by three of th? 
City Trumpets ; The Common Cryer and Sword- 
Bearer ; the Aldermen,, Recorder, and Sherifls, all 
on Horfeback, in Scarlet Gowns; each Aldermiq 
below the Chair, with four Foorraen each ; the 
Meffengers of the Chamber, and Kni^hc MarlhalV 
Men, attending the Proceeding in their proper Sta- 
tions. Next to theft march'd the Kind's Trumpets 
and Kettle- Drums, foilow'd by the Serjeant Trum- 
pet with his Mace ; the Heralds of Arms, according 
t3 their feveralClaffei-between the Serjeantsat Arms 
with their Maces, all bare headed, and each attend- 
ed by a Servant ; Then theLord-Mayorofi-ewi/wr,' 
pa tlor(eback, in a Crimfbtj Velvet Gown, with hia 
Collar and Jewel, bearing the City Sword, in the 
fniijdle hetwcTt^ c^mwkv Kiog c^Afais on the 

aSi The Reign of King 

, C R'B'*' Hand, Supplying the Place of Gurter King M 
Iy_ Anns, and one ofthc Gentlemen Ufhers on the Ldt, 
JZ" Supplying the Place of the Ufticr of the Black Ro^ ; 
the Lord-Mayor being attended by fourServanr3,aivl 
each of the other by two. 

Next appear'd the King, in a rich Coach of StJte^ 
(which WAS lately prefcnted ro him by the Statti Gr- 
nerat) accompanied by Prince G:ar^e, with the Gen- 
tleman of the Bed-Chamber in Waiting, and atteDd- 
ed oti each (ide by his Majcfty'j Etjucries, Footmen, 
and the Yeomen of theGuard, ledoy their Officers, 
and foUow'd by his Majefty's Lite-Guards, and i 
long Train of Coaches, all with Six Horfes, of the 
Great Officers, Nobility, and otlicrs, according to 
their rcfpe£live Degrees, Runlcs and Qualities, in the 
lame Orderas they came from Greenwich. The Streets 
were Lined and Guarded in Southvark by the Mi- 
litia of Surrey, and ofihc Towft-Hamlets ; from the 
Bridge to iValbrook^^ by three Regiments of the City 
Militia; from thence to St. Paul i Church yard, hy 
the Liveries of the (everal Companies ; trom thence 
to TemfleBar, by the other three Regiments of the 
City, and thence to fVhitc-Hall by the Militia of 
Middk/ex, and his Majefty's own Guards ; The Ci- 
ty Conduits mning with \Vine all the while. 

Thus thro' the joyful Huxzaing Populace in the 
Streets, and amidtt an infinite Number of Spefta- 
tors of^both Sexes, who crowded not only the Win- 
dows and Balconies, butthe very TopsofHoufes, fh« 
Triumphant Cavalcade proceeded to ff^ite-HaS, 
where the Lord Mayor attended his Majefty to the 
Foot of ilic Stairs leading up to the Guard Chamber, 
and having taken his leave of his M.ijefty, his Lord- 
{hip and tbeAldf rmen wcrcconduifled into theLodg- 
jn^, and treated with a noble Supper by the £x>rd 
Steward. The whole Ceremony Was perfbrm'd 
with great Order and Magnificence : Th« Cacooa 
at the Tower were difcharg'd at hi» Majefty's ta- 
king Coach, and at his palling over the bridge .■ 
The Foot Guards gave three Volleys In St. jMaei% 
Park ; and the Evening coneluded with Bonfires, 
Illuminations, Ringing of Bells, and all other po^ 
pular Demonftradons of Duiy andAfeiSlioq. 
■ '.■ Tfae 

WlhhlAUthe thirJ. a8j 

rhe firR thing his Majefty did after his arrival A. C- 
Ks^Jifg'on, was to appoint by a Proclamation, t6^j. 

a.d oi December for a folemti Day of Thinkfei-^_,»yyy 
« to Almighty G^d, in Acknowledgment of tne 
Dlick BlefCng in the Conclufion or the General 
ice ; and at the fame t ""Tic another ProcUma t Nor. 
n w^as publifh'd, to prolong the Prorogation of'?* 
; Parliament to the jd oi December, on which 
f his Maj^fty requir'd the Lords and Commons 
give their Attendance at fVeftmlnfttr, for the 
patch of divers weighty and important Aflfeirs. 
:ie fame daythcUniverfityof Ojtfoi-ifprcfrnrcd an 
Idrcfs to his M^efty, wherein ihey congratula- '*— '-^' 
i his profperow Return to his Kingdoms in Peace, " r^^ 
fety and Honour: The Univerfity ©f C^w^'-^jeE 
lited upon his Majefty two days ahtr, on tne 
me account ; and in Imitation ot thoft two ieam- 
1 and illuftrious Bodies, molt of the Corporairiotw 
roughout bis Majefty's Dominions made him tht 
me duteous and layal Compliments. &Hof all 
efe numerous AddrelTes none feem more freliftg, 
toexprefs what his M.ijefl:y had doncfbr this Na. 
an, than that ot the Mayor, Burgheflci and Inha- 
tams of the Borough of PtimBton-^n'le in the 
QUnty of DetFon, which was-preientcd hySlrTho- 
ai Trevtr, and Counenaj Crol^er Elqj their Reprefen- 
tives in Parliament. ' The Silence of us, laid the 
Addreflers, your moll Dutiful and Loyal Sut^eils, 
hitherto, nijjy be excufable from our Aftonifli- 
menr at fiich a Revolution, Cich a Confederation, 
fuch a War, and fiich a Peace, as your Majefty has 
carried on to Perfe£lion. When we call to Mind 
the^many Royal Voyages and Campaigns your 
Majefty has made, and to how many l!)caths,from 
ftcret and open Defigns, your incftimable Life 
has heen expos'd, we find our felves under the 
greateft Obligation ot Thanks and Prailes tp Al- 
mlghty God for its Prcfcrvation. When we kwfe 
abro^. we cannot but obferve that your Majefty 
hasra^ fij^j/awtfs Prowefi and Honour, and led 
forth her Fon^ to noUe and renown'd AtcWcve, 
meat^ £> Ab» fW Hiiuiian nevn madefwh < Fipin 

"" . :«> 

a84 ^^^ ^fg" of ^''^ 

A. C * ^the mrld^i m this your Ss'gn. But whw ^* 

1^97. look atKorae, and confider how your Maleft)' 

\^y^* has refcued our Religion, Laws and Libert'a 

(Interefts raoft valuable to us, as Men and Chri- 

ftians; wc acknowledge our felves indebted xa 

* your rranfcendent Omnge, Wirdom and Gooi 

* nefs. tor the greateft Bleflings that Subjedb can re- 

• ctire irom a Prince. Jt Is our Duty, and no lefi 

• ourlntcreft ; ro make all the Returns we arc a- 
pable of, by doing and undergoing what Is with- 
in our Power, for the Defence and Maintaining 

•of y^ur Sacred Perfon and Rightful Government 
They concluded with a Prayer to God, Thai his ui 
jejiy, who had given them pcliveranee and Peace, mitk 
have Outer, Safeij, and aprofperous Courfe of Glory fn 
jifony Tears, R^ixning ovir a Remcmbrlng, and en- 
fi^uently, Gratefiil and Obedient People. The Ad- 
4lre6 from the College of Phyficians in London, on 
the lame OccaGon, as it was (et off in a more nicf 
9nd elegant Drcfs, fo it exprefi'd more fully all the 
great things Kng H^Binm had acchiev'd, not only 
for England, but all the reft of Bwope ■ and there- 
fore it IS by no means to be omitted in this Place ■ 
'>iirtji of * Wehumbly crave Le3Ys,faid that leanudJSuJirious, 
'*' ^•%*' andu/eful Bodj, to congratulate your Majefty's fife 
VXhfi- * Return into thefe your Kingdoms, whofc Battels 
*'**'• ? you have fought, whole Religion you have de- 

* fended, wbofc Laws and Liberties you have pre- 
t firv'd. AH Europe acknowledges your Majefty 

* for their great Deliverer: Your wile and early 

* Forefight firft united their different Inicrefts .• 
' Your Prudence gave Life to their Alliance, and 

* (iipported the Confederacy : Your Condufl: go- 

* vern'd their Force, and they were in(pir*d witl^ 
^ Valour from your Example. By a fteddy and in- 
*- vincible Courage you have furiiiouated uichDif- 

* ficultieg, and perform'd fuch Aftions, as no for- 

* mcr Age could equal, and Pofterity will fcarce 

* believe. And now at length having finifli'd a 
' tedious War, againft a molt Pelieiek. and Pawetfid 
' Enentf, you are retum'd with the beft kind of 
^ Viftory, and the noblcft Triumph, ari HonourM- 
t bit Petec, It has bee;^ hcKtefore &id of the £^-' 

WI L L 1 A M /fee ThirJ.- iSy 

fh. That what they got by jlmi^ uftially they A C 
>ft in Tygaiiet: Your Majefty has reverft this 1697/ 
lentence; and, by the Advantagci you have ^^p^ 
;ain'd at l^jfmiK fof «'. ant* other Nations a- 
>road , it apppcars to the World that 'tis alike im- 
joiSble to over reach you in Council, and to o- 
?.-vcome you in the Fie;d, At Home you have 
:ft.ibli(hM your Empire, not only over the Per- 
Ions, but the Heans and Affe6tions 0.' you^Peo- 

fle ; where may your Majcfty long reign witb 
lealih, Happinels, and Honour, Thb, Sir, [aid 
they in the Condujioit, is, and ought to be the 
Prayer of every good Subject and True- hearted 
Ensli/hman; But m a peculiar manner it becomes 
this our Society, which owes its Being t9 your 
Royal PredcccClors, and the Priviiedges it enjoys 
to your Majeffy's Favour, t* n i 

Whilft the Court of EngUnd Was daily crowded Vg™ 
irith Congratulating Addreflers, thatof Fr««cf wSg „^y" 
iVantoning in Revels upon the Marriage of the ^^rtieJ t» 
Duke oi Burgundy with the PrinceJs of J'^vo/. ^)l\^tbeVnnceJ^ 
Tiemorable Solemnity was perbrm'd widi all the«/Savoy. 
Splendor imaginable ; the Vrench^ out ofa Vanity 
peculiar to their Nation, ("which was now counte- 
nanc'd by the Intimation of their Monarch, that 
he would take it well if every Body would Ho- 
nour the Feftiviil, to the utmoft" or his Ability^ 
ftriving to outdo one another in Finery ; both to 

fiin the King's Favour, and to dazzle the Eyes oE 
oreigners, who, fince the Conclufion of the Peace, 
arrived in grest Crowds at Pant. The Extrava- 
gance of the Frnic^ Courtiers upon this Occafion is 
Icarcc to be believed, fame of them having twughc 
Cloathi that were worth more Moqey than their 
Eftaces. Strangers were indeed furprized at this 
Magnificence , and would undoubtedly have thought 
that hancf was ftill in her ft>rraer flouriOiing Con- 
dition, fa;id they been led blindiold to Parii, and 
not leen the Milery of ihe Kingdom, before they 
reach'd its Capital City, 

The Rejoicings in Englmd, on the day f >p-f Dee t 
panted to celebrate his Majcfty's fife Return, aodQ 5 ' ' 
[be lufpy CoQcltiliao of (Ec Peace, tho' ooc la ' ' 

i85 The Reign «fK'nig 

'A. C. Qtlftidid as thofe ol ^rante, yitre yet more general 
1697. and nwrc hearty. His Majcfty came ioPf^jifeh4tl 
^_l'•V"*^ Cbappc'l to ftt a Pattern to his Sujc6ls in the gc. 
Tbi Thank f-nerai Thankfgiping: After Sermon, which ^wai 
^ivin^i/d; preached by the Bifliop oi Saliihury, his Majefty 
•*/fmV. ■sfjd [Jeas'd 10 dino with the Earl oP Hjimnty, ami 
in the Evening few the Fireworlci, which his Lord- 
fliip had caufed to be prepar'd In Sc. 'Jamis^s Square: 
The Qjiiro' of St. Btud was Brfl open'd the Jante 
day, and at Night there were Bonhres and I]luinr> 
anions in all parts olLondcn and iVeftminflir, with 
- J J «hcr Dtmonftraiions ofpublickSarisfaftion. The 
■niLard ^^^y Pcrfcin who Could not iharethji Imiverftljof 
i^'*M»/ *" ^^ hotA Jermjn, who had the Misfortune to 
hit Bjii ^"^ **^ ^^ his Eyes put out by a Squib throvft 
fmt tut^ij in«> his Coach, as he went alimg Flteifireet ; which 
mSgitU. occaGon'd the making of a Law', iiot many 
Weeks alter, (* ^«>tt tbt Timwing Mid Firing if 
. ■ Sfuih, Serpent] f mid ether Firevtrlit, 
^ _ The next day the Parliament being met, puritl- 

jT ^' fuant to their Prorogation, the King addreft bim- 
^u^t ftlf to the Lords and Cooimoni in ihefe words: 
Sec. '3, * T^^ ^" which I enter'd into by the' Advice of 
ThiKiiUi*' my People, ii, by the Bleffing of^God, and that 
$pttcb ti * Jealous and ade^ionate Alliftance, broiichc to 
tbtm. ' ikc end we all propos'd, an Honourable Peace; 

* vhick I was willmg 10 conclude, not to much to 

* eafc my ftlf from any trouble or hazard, as to free 
' the Kingdom from the continuing Burthen of an 

* EbtpcQlive War. I am heartily lorry my Subje^ 

* will not at firft find all that Relief from the Peace, 

* which I could wifh. and they may cxpeft ; but 

* the Funds intended far the lad Year's Scrria 

* have fallen fhorc of anlwering the Sums for which 
, * they were given, io that there remain cnnlidera- 

1 • Ue Deficiencies to be provided for. There h 

* a Debt upon account of the Fleet and the Army. 
'. The Revenues of the Crown have been antiei- 

* paled by my Confcnt, for the pubiick Ufcs, fo 

* that I am vholly ocftitute of Mean& to fiippwt 
ji the Civil Lilt: : and lean never diftruft you^ill 

■■"• fii&rthis to turn to my Difadvantage, but ^H 

* proTide &r ms duriog my Life, in fucba Ttka- 

WILLIAM the Third. xgy 

ner as may be for my Honour, and for the Ho- A. C 
nour of the Govcmmenr. Our Naval Foxce be- 1S97. 
ing encrcAled to near double to what it ww at K^t/^^sj 
my Acceffion to the Crown, the Charge of main« 
taming ic will be proportionably augnnenced, and 
it is certainly neceflary for the Intsercft and Re- 

Sutation of En£ldnd^ to hare always a mac 
rengih at Sea. The Ciroumftances of Amiirs 
abroad are (itch, that I think my lelf obliged to 
tell you ray Opinion, thit for the pre(eot, Efjg^ 
land cannot be fnfe mthcut « Land-Force ; and I 
hope we (hall not give thofe that mean Ug ill^ the 
opportunity of effecting that under the Notion oi 
a Peace, which they could not bring to pafi by 
a War. I doubt not but you, Gentlemen of the 
Houfc of Commons, will take tliofe Particulars 
into your ConQderation, in fiich a manner as to 
provide the necelTary Supplies, which I do ear-- 
ncftly recommend to you. My Ijords and Gen*' 
tleooen, That which I do moft delight to think 
of, and am beft pleaied to own, is. That I ha?«s 
ail the Proofs of my People a Afe^lion that a 
Prince can defire : And I take this Ocdifion tor 
give you the moft (blemn Affurancc, That as 1 
never bad, fo I never will, xlw can have, any In- 
tereft [eparate Irom theirs. I efteem k one o£ 
the greateft Advantages o^ the Peace^ that I fiiall 
now have Leiiure to re£UBe 4ucb Connuprions or 
Abufes as may have crept into any Part of the. 
Adminiftration during the War, ^nd efiedlually 
to difcourage Prophanenels and immorality ; and 
I {hall iroploy my Thoughts in promotingTrode, 
and advancing tne HappiHeis and flourilhtngE* 
ftate of the Kingdom. I fiiall conclude with 
telling you, that as I have, with the hazard of 
every thing, refcu'd your Religion, Laws and 
Liberties, when they were in the cxtreameft Dan- 
ger, fo I ihall place the Glory of my Reign, ia. 
preierving them entire, and leaving them lb to^ 
Pofterity. ' " 

Thereupon the Houfe of Lords wade an Addrefs je&tf uyH 

to hi$ Majefty, wherein having ** Congrotulated kAs JfdtirJfs. 

! hap|>7 Kieturo^ accoiapaoiea with the Bleffings 

• of 

," x88 the Reign of King 

A. C. *ofa (jfe and honourable Peace; whicb, nesccit 
\y '^^97- * ''" God* they were finfiblc was owing to I 

I ;-i C'^V%^ * Courage and CondmS ; they told him. TPbat; 

I I * ter the Hazards and Labours he had fo longi 
I 'ftaind for the Good oF Europe, there wanteai 

' 1 * thing bur this to complcat the Glory of his R.eig 

1 'and afliir'd bis Mjjefty. thit they (houid nei 

if *be wanting In their Elldea7o^l^s ti> a.i.ft his M 

j I * jefty in maintaining that Q.uiet which he had 

^\\ * glorioufly rcllor'd to thefc his Kingdoms, and 

1 1'. 'contributing all they could to the S..fety of I 

1 1 * Perfbn, and the fecuring the Peace and Prolpei 

j jL * ty of his Government. His Majefty, in Remr 

\\* TbtKti^i * ^Jfured their Lordjhifi of hiik}ndncf}. And told then 

{''' AJmtr, ' bt hof'a this Peace would be Jo bItft'Jj toaf th 

* mifht Itng^ enjej it. 

HI5 Majefty's Speech did variouflv affe£i th 
OMnmons: Some thought fbme Exprejuons ii 
J, it too Ma^ifterial : 0.hers Pem'd to be oftendet 

at his Maielly's putting t^em in Mind, of what fie 
had done for the Nation : Others again diftruftrd tht 
\* great Promises of what be would do for them, ao^ 

many others began to be jealous of what he ht^ 
told them, That England c<iuld not be Safe witifts 
a Land- Force: As if his Mdjelly meant to keep i 
StMndinr AxT>r>, to invade their Liberties, in the De- 
[: fence of which the Naticm h^d fpcnt lo vaft ?, Stock 

\- of Blood and Treafurc. nowevir, they did, no: 

r m [j„ ^ many days after, * prefent an Adtlrcjs to his Ma- 

f; ifoOmT jcfty. wherein they told him; ' Th-«t tliey wbo 

wmi M' Had fo Irequenrly waited on his Majeft/, with 
I : drtfi tt ikt^ the Tender of their Ailiftunce for carrying ■ 

Kiig. ' the War; came now to coiigr:iiuliire bis M^ 
i * fty upon the happy Conclufion oF it in a Pen 

\ * C/ hunoural^li.' and .dvntngeousto -he Nation, 

'.[ ' fufficitntiy juftitied theV'ildomof ;hr C)mmoi 

fi • in ^dviling, and his iMajtfty s (. onduta in tl 

! • Prolecution of it. That tlie PmfpeAof iheB 

I • ncfits h s People would receive from the Peac 

I'' I , • was very pkaling .that the Honour hi* M^ijefl 

A \- * had retiord (o England, of holding ihc Bailaw 

\i ^ * of Europe, gave his Subjz^s ^reat Content ; b( 

I * what kui Cxinmoiu were foolt i&nded and (I4 

,1,' tliSN 

W I L L I A M /if Thircf. iSp 

lighted with, was, That hji Majcfty's facred t'er- A. C. 
(on would how be fecure from thofe many and 1697. 
creat Dangers, to which he had lo often expo.t»i^-v*v»/ 
Jpd it, for their_ fakes ; nothing being (b evident 
as that his Majcfty's return in (afery was a BleP 
fing more welcome to his People ih^n Peace, and 
recciv'd with i;rcater Dcmonftrjtions of joy. 
That therefore with Hearts fuU 9F AffeiSion, Du- 
ty and Gnititudft; They did affiire hIsMajefty, 
in the name of all the Commons of Eh^/W, that 
this Houfe would be ever ready tp aihft and fup- 
port his Majefty ^ who, by putting a Period to 
the War, had confirmed them in the quiet Pof^ 
ftflioD of their Rights and Liberties, and /o fully 
■ complekted the glorious Work ot their Delive- 
rance. To this Addrefs his Majefty anfwered : 
That nothing that related to the Peace fleafcd himfoTii KingU 
much, at the Satisfaiiion they had in it ; and as they jbifatrt 
had ajpfied Mm in the fVnr, beyoiid all Exprejjiotif fo 
he did not doubt, hut thtj would be as \ta!ous tn main- 
taining the Peace. 

Before we proceed, 'tis necellary to take notice ^'^''"^ 
that this Houfe of Commons was compos'd of three *r'^''"/ 
Tom of Pcrfons: The firft were altogether in the ^ ""*■'• 
Court Interefl ; not only becauie fome of iherti °^ °'"" 
had profitable Places in the Government, but alio™ 
hecaufe they were aJl entirely (atlsfied, that King 
^illiam had nothing but the Good of the Natioa in 
rrofpefl: ; and that he would never encroach on 
their Liberties. The Second, Who ftilcd them- 
lelves the Country. Party, and moft of whom the 
Court look'd upon asDifatfeiSied,. were luchasne- 
Ver approved the Methods by which the Revolu- 
tion was accomplilh'd ; who always entertalti'd a 
]ealouije of King iPilliam, and therefore, upon, fe- 
yeral Occafiohs, endeayour'd to crois his DeGgns. 
The Third, and moft dangerous, tho' fewtil mG'tithof 
Nuinber. were thole who hitherjo liad warmly'^" f»«^ , 
ftickled for the prefeht Government; but who, it""»''tMb 
the fame time, were fecr.-tly laying the Founda- ^'"■'> 
tion of a Common Wealth. 'Twaii through 
the Encouragement of the latter, and the i^defigii 
bble Induftry of tome Men of deiperace Fortunes 
U u U and 

tjo The Reign of Kmg^ 

A- C- *"^ Principla, that the Nation was now Q} 

1657 with the Works of the boMefl: and rood 1 

C-VNJ Advocates for a Rcpuhlick, (iich as ffoiii 

fen, Ludlow, HArrlngton, and J^lg^rnoon Sitinej 

of which Books appearM under the Patron 

the Chief Magiftratcsof the City of London 

whole Title Pages, as it were in Defiance t 

rarchy, were publickly aSixed to the Gate 

Royal Palace of J^i'«A4*, Thisfhort Accc 

the different Inclinations of the Commom 

premlled, let's now enter upon their Proceco 

'ASitppU That Honourable Body having voted t ' 

■witrf, ply* snd order'd an Account to be laid befijre 

fDec. 9. of the Deficiencies of the laft Year's Aids\ 

Arrears ot the Army and Navy, and of the 

charged on the Revenue, They confider'd 

• Dec. |o. Grand * Committee, the State or the Nation, 

^tjmi what Forces (hould be disbanded, 'was the 

f»f B«yr/: Point in Debate, The Court-Party, whoV^ 

tmding prelervlng part of the Army, alledg'd * TT** 

tbtjirmjt. Ration was ftill uhlettled, and not quite deli 

from the Fearof King Jamft ; that the Friends ol 

Abdicated Prince were as bold and as numeroi 

ever ; and hirafelf ftill protefled bv the K'n, 

p-tfacff, who having as yet, reform d none of 

Troops, was conftquently as formidable as befi 

That if the Army was entirely disbanded, the Pi 

which was obtain'd at the Expenceoffo muchBl 

and Treafiire, would be altogether precarious, ; 

DOC only BngUndi but all Earofe, lie, otyie in< 

at the Mercy of that ambitious Mpnarch, 

inveterate Enemy to King VVilliam, the F^ 

fent Religion, and the Liberties rfChriftcnda 

whom the Neceflity of his Afeirs, not his Inclii 

tion, had reconciled. On the other hand, the Cta 

. tiy-Party and the Republicans, who upon thi>< 

viiinB » caGon, (poke the fame Language, tho' diametrical 

fitndinr- Oppofice in their Views, both in this Debate w' 

rfw>7, «o«, and in Print, reprefented the Dangjer ot Iek 

ing a Standing Army, Urging, ' That it is ab/a/ut 

* \j deftniSivc to the Conftitution of the Ei^'j 

* Monarchy ; That no Legiflator ever founrf™ 

* firccGovenimeiit, butaroidcd tlus, ataRoc^' 


WILLIAM the ThirJ. a^i 

«ifift which bis Conamon-Wcalth muft certain- A. C. 
ly be Ship wrack'd ; That the Ifiaelhes^ Athenian^^ 1 597. 
Corinthians y Achat ans ^ Lacedemonianj 9 ThekdnSji ~ ^ 
Samnites, and I^manSf whilft thejr kept their IJ^ 
bcrty, were never known tp maimain any Soldiers 
in eonftanc Pay within their Cklcs, nor everfef- 
fcr'd any of ibcir 3ub)e£i8 to make War tjbcir 
Profeflion ; well knowing that the Sword and . 
Sovereignnr always mareh hand in hand ; And 
therefore they train'd their own Citizens and the 
Territories about them perpetually in Arms, and 
their whole Common- Wealths bjr this meswis be- 
came (b manjr ftveral form'd Militias,; That a 
gcncrd Exerciie of the beft of their People in the 
Ufc of Arms was the onlv Bulwark of their LI* 
berries ; and was rcckon'a the(ureft wayto jprc- 
Qrve tnem both at Home and Abroad ; the Pep«: 
pie being iecur^d thereby as Wf U againfl: the Dg^ 
mefticfc Affronts of any of tbeir own Citizens, as 
againft the Foreign Invafions of ambitious and 
unruly Keighbours. That in thole Days there 
was no Difference between the Citizen, the Sol« 
dier, and the Husbandoun, for all promiftuoi|(^ 
1^ took Arms when the pnblick Safety required 
It, and afterwards laid them down, with more 
Alacrity than they took them up ; but ne^er 
lodg'd them in the Hands of any who had not 

an Intereft in prefirving the pubiick Peace, and 
did not figbt fr9 Aris (3 Fccis. They added, duac 
the Romans maintained their Freedom, till their 
Empire encreafing^ neceiCty conftrain'4 them to 
ere& a conftant ftipendiary Soldiery, either for 
the Holding or Winning of rrovince^, wbich gave 
Julius Xliifar an opportunity to debauch his Arniy, 
and then uppn a pretended Difguft, totally to o- 
verthrow that fanwus Comoipn- Wealth ; That if 
they eUji^aired how the fv^edes, Dane/^ apd Eren^b^ 
and other unhappy Nations had Iq^mAt precious 
Jewel, Libeiry, And the Snsti/h as yet prderjr'd f t^ 
thQT inouid Ctidxhgf thor ^liferies and Qj^t Hap* 
' plnefi proceed from this, that tb^r Neceffitics pr 
Iodifcr«*ion, bad permlttied a Standing Anny jtp 
be kept amongft them, and our Situation, rather 

U u u a ■ t than 


The Reign of- Ktng 

than our Prudence had hicberto defended us front 
That our Conflicucion depending upon a due 


Ballance between King, Lords and Commons^ 
and that Balknce depending upon the mutual 
Occafions and NccejIIties they have of one ano* 
ther, if thi$ Cement be once broke, there is an 
a£lual Diflblution of the Government j Tbat this 
Ballance could never bt preferv'd but by an Uni- 
on of the natural and artificial Strength of the 
kingdom, that is^ by making the Militia to con* 
fift of the feme Perfons that have the Property; 
or otherwiie the Government was violent and a- 
gainft Nature, and could not poiUbly continue, 
but the Conftitutjon mud either break the Army, 
or the A^tny would deftroy the Conftitution. That 
it is univerially true, that where-ever the Militia 
Is, there is, or will be, the Government in a 
fhort time i and therefore the Indidlitors *of the 
Go^iric/L Ballance (which was eftablifh'd in all Parts 
of Europe) made the Militia to cotifift of the Qjnat 
Parts as tne Government, where the King was 
General ; the Lords^ by vinue of their Caflles 
and Honours, the great Commanders: and the 
Freeholders, by their Tenures, the Body of the 
Army , (b that it was next to impoilible for an Ar- 
my thus conftituted, to aflt to the DIfadvantagc 
of the Conftitution. Upon this Occafion they 
took notice of thofe, who, in the late Reigns coula 
hardly afford the King the Prerogative ^hat was 
due to him, and which was ablblutely neceflary 
to put in Motion this Machine of oiir Govern- 
toent ; who could not with Patience hear of the 
King's Ordinary Guards, and jtet could flow dit 
courfe familiarly of Twenty Thoufand Men to 
be maintain'd m times of Peace ; That if they 
thought to make their Court this way, they would 
quickly find themfelves out-fliatter'd by the Par-, 
ty they feafd, who had been Ibn^ the Darlings of 
Arbitrary Power, and whole Principles as well 

fisPraftifes taught them to be Enemies to all the 
egal Rights, and juft Liberties of their Native 
• Country ; and fb tney >Vould be made ufe of otj- 
f ly to bring together the Materials of Tyranny^ 

* and 


VflfLJAM the Thlrtl, 19. 

1 tKen muft give place to more expert Ar- A. (L 
xe£tsto finifli the Building. They mfifted, that KS97. 
>' they were ftcure from any Attempts of this ^^^^ 
id during his prefenr Majefty's Reign, yet, fince 
Virtue or Pitch of Glory would exempt that 
ift excellent Prince from Paying the common 
?bt t« Nature, they ought not to entruft any 
iwer with him, which they did not tbintc 
oper to be continued to his Succeflbrs, That 
iver Crcmvel turnM out that Parliament UDder 
hich he (erv'd, by the Aliiflance of an Army ; 
hich muft be aliowM to have had as much Vir- 
e. Sobriety, and publlck Spirit, as has been 
lown in tbe World amongft (hat Ibrt of Men. 
s to the Objeftion, thatthc Republicks of ^>n/» 
rid Hoi'an.i maintain'd great Armies, and yet bad 
ot lofttheir Liberty, 'twas anfwer'd, that neither 
eep any Standiiig Forces within the Seats of 
tieir Government, th'it is, wi^in the City of 
enice, or the great Towns of the United Pro- 
inces ; but they defend theft by their own Bur- 
hers, and quaiter their Merccnariesintheircon- 
ucr'd Countries ; And tho' they fliouid admit that 
n Army might he confident with Freedom in a 
Common- Wealth, yet it is otherwile in a free 
Sildnarchy ; for in the former, 'tis wholly in the 
rifcofil bf the People, who -nominate, appoint, 
iitcard and punifti the Generals and Officers, as 
:hey think fit, and 'tis certain Death to make any 
Attempt upon their Liberties ; whereas in the lat- 
:er the King is perpetual General, may modef 
.he Army as he pleafts, and it would be call'tt 
High-Trealbn to oppole him. That tho' fbme 
Pnnces, as Lewii xl. and others laid the Foua.' 
dution of their Tyrannies without the immediate 
Al&ftance of an 'Army, yet they all found an 
Army neccflary to eftablifh them ; or otherwife a 
little Eicpertence in the People of the Change oP 
their Condition, would have made them dilgorge 
ill a Day that ill gotten Power they had been 
acquiring lor an Age. That if ihey look'd thro* 
the World, they Ihould 6nd in no Country, Li. 
bo^ aod an Anny ftand together i Co tbat to' 
Uuu 3. kocMP 

The Reign tf Kiftg 
know whether People are free or Slaves, it is neceC 
firy 6nly to aik, whether there is an Armjr kepc 
asDongft them ? And the i<^ution of that Prelunma* 

gQjieflioit rtCoWtn the doubt. That it is the Mis- 
itune of all Countries, that they (bmetifnea lie 
under an unhdopv necellity to defend themlelves 
by Arms againft tne Amlntioa of their Governors, 
and to 6gbc for wbat^s their own; Now if the King 
had Twenty thoufand Men before hand» or even 
much left than half that Number, the People could 
make no ESbrt to defend their Liberties, without 
the A£iihnee of a Foreign Power, which is a Re- 
medy moft commonly as bad as the DUeaie. That 
if we had not a Power within our ielves to defend 
^ our Laws^ we were no Govertfitnent ; for EnfUnd 
' being a fmaU Country, few ftroi^ Towns in ir» 
and thefe in the Kin^s Hands, the Nobility dif^ 
arm'd by the Deftrudion of Temires, and w Mi- 
litia not Co be raised but by the King's Con^ma«d, 
there could be no Force levied in any Part of ^r*. 
r/4»4/, but mud be deftiot\il| it) its WanCy, by a few 
difiriplitj'd Refliments. That if, befides this, Peo« 
pie confider'a the great Prerogatives of the Crown, 
and the vaft Incereft the Kins had and might ac. 

autre by tjie Diftribution of io many profit^S^ Of. 
ces (X the Houfliold, of the Revenue, ofState^of 
Law, of Religion and the Navy ^ togedier with 
the Afliftance <£ a Powerful Party, Who had been 
always the conftant Friends to Arbitrary ^Power, 
Whofe only Qiarrelto King Wiiiidm was, that h6 
bad knock'd off the Fetters, wfii^h they tfaoughe 
they had lock'd fad upon the Nation ; if. ^d they, 
any one did confider thb, he would be con- 
vinced that they had etiough to guard themfeivea 
againft the Power of the CoUrt , without ha- 
yings an Army throw*n into the Scale agaiAfl; 
them. That they had found oftener than oniDe, 
by fiual Experience, the Trudi <^f this ; for 
iftbey looked back to tht kte Reigns^ the^ ftouki 
fee this Nation brought to thebrii£ of DeOrui^ioci, 
and breathing but the laft Gafi> of their Liberty. 
Thatif KihgCAtfr/etf I had had five ThOuland Men 
before hand with his PiKoplei tht latter had oevei" 
ftruck aftroke for their liberties; or if the late 

» • Kin| 


WILLIAM/** ThirJ. a? J 

' Kmg James would have been contented with Arbi- A. C; 
^ traty Potvfer. without bringing in Popery , he id^y^ 
' would have bound the Nation Hand and Foot be- 1^^^^^ 
^ fore this Time, That moft of the Nations m- ^ ^■ 

* ftanc'd in before, wereenflav'd byfmall Armies, 

* That Oliver Cronmelltk behind him but 1700Q 

* Men ; And the EHike of Monmouth^ who was the 

* Darling of the People, was fupprefs'd with Two 

* thouland. Nay, Cafdt feizM ^me it felf with Five 
^ Xhoufind, and fought the Battle of HarfaUay where 
^ the Fate of the World was decided, with 2,2.000 

* Men; And that moft of the Revolutions of the 

* Uptnan and Ottoman Empires fince, were caus'd by 

* the Pretorian Bands, and the Court-Janizaries, the 

* fornfter of which never exceeded eight, nor the lat- 
' * tcr Twelve thoufilid Men. That if no greater 

* Numbers could idake fiich Difturbances in thofi 
\ * vaft Empires, what would double the Force do in 

' * Rnj^lmd? That thofe who argued for an Army con* 
: • feu It rfiemfclvei, when they (aid, we might bo 
I • ftf priz'd with Ten or Fifteen thoufind Men from 
[ • France^ and having no regular Force to opjiofe 
' • them, they would over-run the Kingdom : for i£ 

* lb fmall aForce could oppofe the King,and tnc Mi- 

* litia, with the united Power of the Nobility, Gcn- 
^ try, and Commons, What would an eqqal Powcf 

* do againft the People ; when (upported by the 

* Roy^l Authority, and a never faihrig Intcreft that 

* would attend it, except when it a£ted for the pub- 

* lick Good? Now becau(e the contrary fide al» 

* ledg'd, that this Army Was not defign'd to make a 

* Part o£the Conftitution, but to be Kept only for a 
f little Time, till the Circumftances oi Europe ^froxx\± 
f better permit the Nation to be without tnem ^ Ic 

* was demanded, when they thought that Time 

* would be ? Whether in the Life of King James ? or 

* after his E)ifath ? Whether the Nation fliould have 
^ left m fear froni the youth and Vigour of the 

* Titubt Prince of H^ales^ than now from an i|n« 

* happy Man finkitig under the Load of Age and 

* Msfqituttes ? Or wiether trance would be more 
f capable df oSending us, juft after this* tedious and 
^ Wnfuitiptive War, than hereafter, when fhe fhould 
I h^ bad a Breathing Time to repair the Calami- 

' " Uuu4 !.riei?i 

I T 



f > 




> •• 

• I- 

! 3 

I » 



■ 'I i. 

I i\ ' 

! i^i 

i ill:!.* 

7f^6 The Reign of King 

A. C. * ties flic had (iificr'd by it ? And ^nfwcring ik« 
1097. ' own Qyeftionsifk the Negative, thejr Ooncludtil! 
^ ^ * That the Army could never be Disbanded wiih' 

• much Safety, as at ibisTime. They urgM, tl 
^ a Continuation of them now, was an Eftabliftim( 
^ of them for ever; for whilft the Circumftances 
^ Europe^ ftood in the preftnt Pofture, the Argumi 

* would be equal to continue them , That if the Statcl 

• Burope (hould alter to the Advantage oF France^ 
^ Reafon would go ftronger, and we {hc^Ad be to] 
^ we ftiould encreafcour Number; But if there flioi 

* be fiich a Turn of Affairs in the World, that 

♦ were ho longer in Apprehenfion of the French Y6 

* cr, they might be kept up without our AHiftance; 

♦ That the very Discontents they might create (houl 

* be made an Argument for the continuing orthcni 

• But if they fliould be kept from oppreffing the Pcff^ 

• pie, in a little Time they v/ould grow hab^f^^/^ 

♦ lis, and almoft become z, Part ot our Coixftitution, 

* and by degrees we (hould be brought to be)/eFP 

• them,i^ot only nor dangerous, but necefl^ry. Thai 

* King Charles 11, being conniv'd at in keeping a few 
< Guards, ( which were the firft ever known to an 

* Engjijh Vijng, befideshis Penfionersand his * Beef- 
« Eaters) He infenfibly encreas'd their Number, till 

he left a Body of Meii to his Su(;:cefsor, great e- 
nough to tell the Parliament, he would be no loo- 
the Guard, c ger bound by the Laws he had Sworn ro ; and 
« under the Shelter and Projteftiqn of theft, he rzis'i 

• an Army that had put at^eriod to our Government, 
« if aCoinplication of Caufcs^, (whiqh might never 
« happen dgain)had not prefented the Prince oEOrangt 

< with aconjunflurc to affert his o\vn and t;he Nation's 
« Rights. That tho' we had (6 lately cfcap'd this 

< Precipice, yet Habit had made Soldiers (b familiar 

• to us, that (bme who pretended to be Zealous for 
c Liberty, (poke of it as a Hardfliip to his prefent 
c Majefty, to refule him^ as many Men as Ijiis Pre- 
c deceflbrs; not confidering, that the Raifii(ig them 
c then w'as a Violation of the Laws, and that his 
c Governqaent was built upon^ the Deftrudion 
V of' theirs. ' As to what was faid, that the Na- 
^ tion needed be in no Apprehenfionsof Slaveryi 
J whilft they kept the Power of the Purfe in thevr' 

♦ Sff are 
taWd^ the 
Yeomtn of 

W ILLl AM the ThirJ, a97 

wn Hands, 'twas replyed, that this was very a, Q^ 
■vie , but chat it was as certain, that an Army would i '(jg7, 
aife Money, as that Money would raife an Army , ^,yvVI 
rhat if they could fuppofethat our Courtiers d«- 
ignM nothing but the publick Good ; yet they 
DUght not to hazard fiich unufiial Virtue, by lead- 
ing it into Temptation ; But that they were afraid 
this was not an Age of Mirades, elpecially oFthat 
Ibrt ; and that our Heroes were niadc of coarfer 
Allay, and had too much Drofi mix'd with their 
Conftitutions, tor (uch refin'd Principles, That 
v^hereas it was ailed g'd, that let the Confequence 
of an Army be what it would, the Nation could not 
be without one; and iftheymuftbe Slaves, they 
had better be fb to a Proteftpnt Prince than a Po- 
' pifh, and the worft of all Popifh ones, the F. King ; 
it was anfwer'd, that Tyranny wants no Epithet^ 
for Proteftant and Potifh are both alike ;. which how- 
ever, they had little Reafon to fear, whilft they 
kept the Seas well guarded. That there is no 
Country fo ftituated for Naval Strength zs England^ 
which oeing well applied, is able to give Laws to 
the Univerle ; That if they kept a competent Part 
I of it well arm'd in Titoes of Peace, it was the 
' moft ridiculous Thing in the World, to believe 
' any Prince would have Thoughts of Invading us, 

* unlefi he proposed to be Superior to us in Naval 
' Power ; for the Preparations nectflary for fuch aa 

* Undertaking, would aUrm all Burofe, give both to 
^ us and our Confederates Time to arm, and put 

* our felves in a Pofture of Defence j and whoever 

* confiderM rhat the Prince q{ Orange with 600 Ships 

* brought but 1 400 Men, and the mighty Spant/h. 
' Armada, fthea the Terror of the World) Embar- 

* kcd but 1 8000, he would be aflur'd, that no Inva- 
' fion could be fo fudden upon us,but we fhould have 

* Time to get ready our whole Fleet, bring feme 

* Forces from Scotland and Ireland^ and prepare our 

* own Militia, if there ihould be occafion for it; 

* Efpccially in Times of Peace, when we fhould 

* have the Liberty of all the Ports of France^ and 

* fliould^ or niiight, have Intelligence from everv oi\e 
\ pf theita. As to what was &ia, that fuch a Wind 


^ I 

C. A. 

The Reiffi ^fKlng 

might happen as might be favourable to the Enc* 
my^ and keep us within our own Ports, it wsu an« 
fwer'd, that as France lies to BntUndj that is al- 
mofl impoillble; For if we lie about F^/m^tf^ib or 
the Ldnds^enJ^ no Fleet from Breji can efcape us, 
without a Miracle ; And if the Deiign be to in- 
vade us from any Part in the Channel, a very feiv 
Ships, (which might (afely lie at Anchor^ would 
certainly prevent it ; But chat it was not to be con- 
cetv*d, that that cautious Prince would be at a yaft 
Expence lor the G>ntingency of luch a critical 
Wmd y or would iend an Army into a Countr^r 
where their^ Retreat would certainly be cut oS, 
when the failing in any Pan of his Deiign woulcf 
certainly bring a new War upon him» which latel/ 
coft him a third Part of his People, a great man/ 
large Countries and ftrong Towns^with all the Ho- 
nour he had heap'd up by his former Vi^ries, to 
S:t rid of. As to the Objedion, that the Officers of 
e Fleet might be corrupted ; or that a Srormr 
might arife, which might deftroy it all at once; 
They rcriled. That thejc Fears would be reriiov'cf 
bjr a mhrrain'd Militia^ That the PoHey 6f the 
Court ia the late Reigns, was with the utmoft 
Art and Amplication to aifarm the People, and 
make the Militia ufelefi, to countenaacea Standing 
Army, in order to bring in Popery aad Slavery ; 
and they wonder'd that thofe who pretended to ^ 
Patriot in this Reign,'* would ts^e Advantage of 
the traiterous Kegledand infamous Policies of the 
laft; That the Nobility, Gentry, and Free-hold- 
ers of England might well be trufted with the E>e- 
fence of^tbeir own Lives, Eftates and Liberties, 
without having Guardians and Keepers affign*a 
them ;, and that they would certainly de^nd them, 
with more Cour;^ and Vigour than Mercenaries, 
who have nothing to lofe, nor any other Tie to 
engag^e their Fidelity, than their P^, which thtijr 
might hav^e from the Copqueror. Thit in order 
to make the MilUU of BngUtid uftful, the fanic 
might be reduc'd to (^odoo^ and a third Part of 
thole kept by Tums in cot^MA Eiteh:i(e; That a 
M^n might b^ Ufted in the M^iVm till be be Di£ 

■ f ■ ' '■ '■'. 

WILLIAM thethirJ. 299 

^ by Ills Matter, as well as in the Army, till he be A. C. 


' vatc Sdldkfs of the Army, vv^hcn they (houklbe 

* difpers^d in the ftveraV Pwt» of the Kingdom, 
^ might be ih^t to the MiUtU^ and the mferioi^ OfE- 
^ cers of the Army^ in feHie p^o^rtion, command 
^ them ; dUd laftly, that the Lawt for fhoottag in 

* CrofsTio^s might be cb^g'd into ^mkt^^ aw % 

* competent Number of them be kept in every Pa- 

* riih for the young Men to exercife with oh Holy- 

* days, and Rewards offered to the moft expert^ to 

* fttr up their Emulation. That thefe and other 

* like Things might be done, and fome of thettr were 

* done in our own Plantations, and the Iflahds of 

* Jerfe^ and Guernfey^ as alfo in Psland^ Swit:{erUnd^ 
I ^ itnd th« Country ol the Grifins j whieb are Nations 
; * much lefi confiderable than EnW^fft/, hrif^ as fer^^ 

I • dableNeigbbottrs,noSea, nor Fleet to defend tfaem^ 
I • nothing bura AiiYir /Vfodejjend upon,and yet naonc 

* dares attack them. That in the late War at great 
\ ' Performances had been done by thtVduJots IrtSrt^oy, 

* the fS^neUts in Catitfoma, aua the Miihia in he^ 
' * iand^ 2ts can be parallel'd inHiftory; That /bit 
I • would be in England^ if the Court would give their 

« hearty Affiftance in promoting this Defign ; if the 
I ^ King would appear in Pcrion at the Head of 

* them, and give Rewards and Honour to ftch as 
' ♦ (hould deftrve them. And becaufe it might be 

^ obje<9led, th^t fuch a MHina as this is k Standing- 

I ( ^tlnttyj and would be as dangerous, and mucti 

I * more chargeable, it Was anfwer'd, That there can 

; < be no Danger from an Army where the Nobih'ty 

< and chief Gentry of EnglMd ^t the Commanders, 

« atidihe Body ofitmadeujjof Pfec-holders, their 

« Soiudnd Servants ;unlel^ it could be conceived 

« thsc ihejl' would all join \h an unnatural Defign ro 

« make void their own Tides tothcir Eftatcs and Lu 

c beities; ahdasfbr the Oiarge, that it ought not 

« to «itef in Comi>etitloft with the Prefervation of 

« iMt Laws and Liberties. As to the Difif!e£ted , 

» vk(^ wef9 meatiofi'd «i t ReaTon to keep up 


a 00 ^"^^ Reign <^ Kh^ 

j^. Q * Standing Forces, it was (hrewdly replied, riii 

HS97. ' "" King ot England in any Age had deftrvdit 

y^ffys^ * more Intcrefl: than the prefcnt ; and if durin; 

' fuch an expenfivc War, in which the Katia; 

* had consumed (b much Blood and Tre^urci 

* paid fuch vafl and unequal Taxes ; loft fo nuDi 

* Thouland Ships, and bore a Ihock by recoinini 
' the Money, wnich would hare torn up anoths 

* Nation from its Foundation, when mofl: Cobh 

* tries would havefiink under the Misfortune, in: 

* repin'd at their Deliverance, if, faid they, ardtt 

* time, the King had (b great and univerfil an Inn- 

* reft, there could be no doubt but in timwa 

* Peace, when the People Oiould reap thcFruitso! 

* that Courage and ConduiSt he had mewn in thei 

* Defence, he would be the mod belov'd and ^ 

* rious Prince that ever filled the Englijh Throot 
t Morebyer, they made life of an ArgumeiK whtck 

* at firft filufh, look'd like a Paradox, to wit, that tin . 

* moft likely way of reftoring King Jamci, vii\ 
' maintaining a StandiwArmy to keep him out: 
■ To prove this, they htid, That King H^Ukmi 

* Sa^tv flood upon a Rock, whilft it depended up- 

* on i^e foUd Foundation of the Affe£iions oftb 

* People, which is never to be (haken, till 'theni 

* dent that there is a fprm'd DeGgn to overthros 

* the Laws and Liberties of the Nation ; Ixit ifthef 

* kept a Standing Army, all muft depend upoQiK 

* uncertainand capricious Humours of the Soldier/, 

* which in all Ages have produc'd more violent and 

* fiidden Revolutions, than ever have teen knowtiin 
' Unarm'd Governments. That there is fuch s 

■ * Chain of Dependance amongft Soldiers, that if 

* two or three of ihe Chief Omcers fhould be dif 
■ * obllg'd, or have Intrigues with Jacobite MiftK% 

*'or ifthe King al France could once ^ain buf^ 

* PenGoners into the Court ot Ar_n\y) ' or onct » 
*-better Market to thofe that wpr?in alrea(^,tbM 

* Ihould be another Revolution, and the People be 

* only idle Spe£lators of their Ruin.) That of 
' Twenty fix Homan Empecors, Sixteen *jrere dew- 
' fed and muider'd by their own Armies, and widl* 

* out fetching foreign ;p?anip^cs, tli^t l^? (W^A^ 

Wl L L 1 A M (&f third.- 301 

lies, that had been kept up la EngUHd'iA Kloict A. Ct 
•f Peace, both had turn'd out their own Mailers. 1^97. 
rhat the firft under Ci-omwc/ expell'd that Parlia- V,yV^J 
nenc under ift-hich they had fought fucceffively 
for many Years; afterwards under General Mom^ 
:hey deftroy'd the Government rhey^ had (et up, 
and brought back King CW/w II. who wifely dis- 
banded ihem, left they might have tum'd him 
out again ; That the other Jnftance was frefh 
in "every one's Memory, how King Jamei't 
Army joinM with the prefenc King. That no 
more coiJd be expedled from Men of diffolutc 
and debauch'd Principles, t. ho call themftlves Sul- 
dhrj of Fortune; who make Murder their Profef- 
(ion, and enquire no further into ths Juftice oi 
the Caufe, than how they {hall be paid ; and 
who having no other Profefiion or Subfiftence 
to depend upon, are forced to ftir up the Ambiii- ' ' 

on of Princes, and engage them in perpetual 
Quarrels, that rhey may (hare of the Spoils they 
■ make. To all thefc they added the lelter Incon- 
' veniencies attending a Standing- Army, as frequenc 
' Quarrels, Murders and Robberies ; the Deftru- 
» £lion of all the Game in ihe Country, the 
' Quartering upon publick, andfbmecimes private 

* Houlcs; the influencing Elefllons of Parliament 
' by an artificial Diftiibution of Quarters ; the ren- 
' dring (b many Men ufelcfi to Labour, and almoft 

* Propagation, together with a much greater Dc- 
' ftruiStion of them, by taking them from alabori- 

* ous way of Living, to a loofe idle Life ; and bc- 
' fides this, the Infblence of the Officers and tho 

* Debaucheries that are committed both by them, 

* and their Soldiers in all theTowns they comei'n, to 

* theRuin ot multitudes of Women, Difhonour of 

* their Families, and ill Example to others ; and a 

* great Train of Mischief, almoft endlels to enume- 
' rate. However they concluded, that ibey did 

* not think it reafonaolc that the Army fhouldbe 

* ruin'd by that Peace, which by their Courage 
' and Fidelity they had procured for their Country ; 
\ and therefore the ParliamentjOut ofGenerofit^and 


jol The Reign sfKittg I 

A. G * Gratitud*. ought to giw them a Donative propcEJ 

\6^T. * tionablc to their Commiffions. i 

i.^V>J After* long Debate the Committee of the wbdt 

Tin Dif- Houle c&me to this Resolution, That alt rheUd 

^MHdiwg tf forcn ffthit l^in^dom, thu hud been rai/djinceik 

th*jtrti^ »5wA </Sepfen\ber i^o. flnuld be foiJ and Jhitxi 

fDec. "^^ ^^'*^ being pepofteS to f the Hoirfe, andtb 

' ^'*' "• Courtiers Motion, ihM the faid I(t»ort ie reccmu 

ttd, rcjcfted, the Houfe agreed witn the Cooimmt 

in the faid Rcfbludon. Three Dg.ys after they tool 

into Conlideration the Serrices of the (moi 

and common Men, who, atntdft ib manr Had 

fiiips, Dangers and Dl^ppointmcnts, in Ntne fiu 

cdlive Campaigns, had recover'd the decliningSt 

nitadon of tht Bwlith Valour, and prefcrv'd lie 

Kingdom from the Aflaults of the mo{t Potent Effl 

pire that peihaps was ever erefted in rhe Worfi 

iDK. 14. Wherefore the Houfe of Commons, * paft a Vott, 

Tt4f it i* an hijiriiilhm to theConoHittee, wh«werta 

enfiier ^the SuPfly, that rhey /hould liit^vpife cti^tie 

»f aGtatuhj to be given to fueh Officer! mpdSe/duri, 

^ tbt Eag]iQl Ant^^ who -werevfthouldbe ditbanitL 

and, at the Qme time order'd Mr.^ 

Mr: Moyle lO bring in a Bill, to enable Soldiers vi* 

Jhould be diibmded, to txercife their Tradet in a^ 

Tami n- Corporation throughout the Country. Nowts! 

fn'oride for the Security of the Kingdom, when the 

t Dec. 17. Anny fiioutd be disbanded, they t aj^ointed fercn/ 1 

Members to prepare and bring in a Bill to regi^^t 

'Dec 18.'^ Militia and make them more ufeful. And* tM i 

ved that Ten Thaufand Men vert fufficient for a $«»■ 

nur and Hunter Guard at Sea for the Tear i6gS. 

tDecso "^^ ^'"8 *^' ^"y mudi diflatisficd with thtfe 

p„, w-,^^Refi)Iutions; not but that his Majefty was willing 

jirmjdif. "* f*^ \i\iEnglifh Subjeih of the Charge, andfr« 

iandidor them from the ApprehenGoDS of a Standing Army j 

rtduiTd. (iot which purpofi at his laft coming over, h« Wo 

caus'd fcvera! Regiments of Hor/c, Dragoons and 

Foot to be disbanded ; others to be rcoucedi ^ 

feot moft of the lacier cither to 5"f/dBi^ or ireltni') 

But his Majefty did not think it proper abfcintd? 

to comply wim the Commons, as to the Licnitia- 

ting all me Troops that had beea raifed fiacetbe 


WILLIAM//;^ thirJ. joj 

V<ar 1680. whereby lew muft leave himfelf and hti\ A. C. 
Kiogdoms CQomuch e^pois'd. 1^97- 

The Common*, on the aoth of Decemhfr^ took \,,y\'>^ 
the Supply into Coniidcratian, and Retblv'd, Thdi 700000/. 

9n 4 juft ienfe and Ackfl^xfiUdgmwt of j^hdM gr€di per An. 
things his Mafeft^ had donefyr thrft Kingimsy ibe Sum 'voted for 
cf 700000 /. per^ Annuip, he gramtd N bis Maiefly ^^f^''^'* 
4uring his Life for the Suffort ^ fhe CMl Lift ; which ^^' 

Refblucion was the next day ^ppxov^i^ noewltfaftand- 
ing the Oppofition of fome Memberg, who mev'd 
that it (hould be recommitted. About three Week* 
after the King went to the Parliament, and gave 
his Royal Affent to an jIS to prevent tht fkr* .ap m 
ther Currency of at^ Havimet^d Silver Cou, /^''Jm. 14^ 
I{ec$iningfuch as was mm in Bfiin%y and far ftfccnw- 15^. 
ki^g out new Exchequer Mills^ where the farmer BiMs 
xpere orjhould be filled uf by JndarfememPs ; iia wift 
againji correffonding vfifh the la^e Kfng jame& and his 
Adherents ; An AH fir the confirming the bnprifon* 
ment cffeveral Cof^i^ators '^ And an A8! to givefur^ 
ther time for the AdrmniRring 4f QoMhs reiating ^ 
Tallies and Orders, and for the e^ier diffatch efftUdiel^ 
BMjSn^s in ^;&# Exchequer, 4nd in the BaniofExig- 
land. The fame day ihe Houfe of Goimnokis a* 
gre^d to the ReiblutioiVi wh^ch had been taken in 
a Grand Committee, about the Supply, to wit, 

* ^rfi^ That the Sum of Three Hundred and Fifty jjoooo I. 

* Thouiand Pound be ^aoted to hit MajeAy, for vttedfor ' 

* Maintaining Guards and Garrifons for the Year Gn^ri/ ^Mi 

* 1698. Secondly J That a Supply be granted to hh^^^'^fi^^ 

* Majefty, which together with the Funds already 
^ (ettkdTor that purpofe, fliould be (ufficitnt to ao* 

* (wer and cancel all B^cheqnev Bills, iflued, or to be 

* ifHied^ not exceediotg Two Millions Seven Hun* 

* drcd Thou^d Pounds; and Thirdly, That a Sup- 

* ply be granted to his Ma^efly for the (peed/ 

* raying and Disbanding the Army. Four t days . • 
after the Hoiife regulated die Bouaty that (hould be ' J*"" " 
given to every Trooper, Foot-Soldier, and Non^ . 
Commiij[H>n Ojgicer, upon their being licentiated; t 
v^ted a Supply of ajoooo for rlwit Cliarge, and rc /^"^^^ ' 
lolvcd, th^i Prowlion be made, foe g^vjog Half pay ^^„^/„. 
CO the Commiliion-Officers (his Majefty's natural tkg Arm), 






• 't 

I * 



» I 





* ' 

, (■ 

A. C 
I dp 8. 


Jan. 22. 

• Feb. I. 

for Arrears 
due to the 

lysys snd 
Means to 
raife the 
t Feb, 9. 

*fFeb. 16. 

Bom Subjefls) disbanded or to be disbaodi 
they (hould be fully paid off and clearM, 
thcrwife provided for. They order'd, at tk 
time, that a Lift belaid before them of fucV 
miffion-OiEcers as were to enjoy the Benefit 
preceding Refolution; but the Court, who va 
willing to let the Commons know •how fewcf 
Regiments were a6hially disbanded, tooJc Grei 
this Lift wab not prelented zq them ; and 1 
the Commons preft the King to It, b^ an Ai 
his Majefty put them ofFby telling them, m 
tomfly with their Dejire^ as foon as convcnsm, 

Bcfides the forementioned Sums the Com 
granted y 36000 Pounds for making goodtbcl 
ficiency of the Aid of four Shillings in the Pa 
and 940000 Pounds for fiipplying the othet t 
cient Subfidies granted the laft Seflion of P^ 
ment ; and having afterwards taken the Arrcs 
the Army into Confideration, they refolvM, tte 
Sum of 12/4000 Pounds was nec/eflafy ioc]&t 
Arrears of Pay due to the Land- Forces, accori 
to the Eftablifliment, from the ift ot -4/ri/jfe 
to the laft day oi September 1697; hcCidcs ^^M\ 
for Subfiftencc ; aSaoj /. for Contingencies, joc^ 
for the General Officers ; and jjfooo /. B( ^ 
Guards and Garrifons ; in all 2548 102. /. Andfc 
there was but ^Jj^oz L remaining in the H^^' 
the Pay-mafter ol the Army, the firft day of ?<» 

ary 169}. ^ 

To raife the Sums which the Parliament nadr/ 
ted neceffary for Disbanding the Army, Paying* 
of Quarters, and Paying of Seamen,* and towci 
making good of Loans, and the Deficiencies of w 
mer Funds, they refblv'd t to lay an Aid 0/ wjj 
Shillings in the Pound upon Laiid, by ^ay 01 M- 
fefinent upon every County ; in Proportm tojoi 
Rates of the firtt four Shillings Aid granted in i^- 
b^ which means they prevented any future I^' 
ciency of this Fund. The * next day, they cyh; 
der'd the Account of what was due to (biric of^ 
Majeft/s Allies, both for Arrears of Subfidies, aj 


V^lhhl AM the thirJ. 30? 

ft)f Paytntoc of AitJcUiaries, and refolv'd. That /L'C. 
180000 Rix-DoUars were due to the Eleftor of i^jS* 
Brdndcnburgh ; af oooo Rix-Dollars to the Landt- i^VS/ 
grave of Heffe-Cajfel ; ixixaj Rix-Dollar? to the 97^*1^ 
Dukes oi Woifenbuttle y 149997 RixDoUafS to the.^'*-^^ 
Bifliop of Mtmfter ; f oooo Rix Dollar^ to the Puk^^/f^^i, jj 
pf Hannover and ^ell\ ayooo Rix-DoUars to the^^^^ 1^ 
Duke o( Holftcin ; and zooooo Rix-DolUrs to the^,j^ ^ ^j^* 
King of Denmark^ both upon the forcmention'd kc-AlUis. 
count, and inConfiderationof aniQtit:ePfohibitIoni77ooo L 
of Commerce between that Crown and France, They fir Bread 
aWo refolv'd. That there was due the Sum of 1 77000 ^^ ^ 
Pounds to the Contrafters for Bread and torage.J^g^ 
Four Days f after they further examinM into thc**^** '^• 
Debt of the Nation, ana refolved. That the Sum of 
i2QX74a /; Was due, upon the ftveral Heads of the '39*74* *• 
Eftiihate of the General Debt of the Navy ; ^041 r7 ^^ ^^ 
Pounds to the Office of Ordnance ; 540708 /. for ^]^^ 
Tranfports for reducing of Ireland ; i a-f 78/ /. for jy^f,^ 
other TranfportScnrice ; and 4^9x9 /. for Quarter* 
ing and Cloathing the Army ruis'd by ASt of Par- 
liameiit in 1^77. and disbanded by another AA 
in 1679, 

It being impofTible for the Nation to acquit this 
vaft Debt at once^ the Commons refblv*d to 
do it by Degrees, and therefore voted, Firft^ iTliat * Mwrfi 
otthe Debt due for clearing the Army, from the ift '°'^' 
of jlpril 1 69a, to the laft day of Semmber 1 697. ^f^ ^f 
atnounting to 12^4000/. the Sum 6\ 119066 /. be^/^f]?J^ 
rais'd in the Year 1698. which would clear the ht- tJa$iJl *^»^ 
my po the firft Day oi Afril 169}. Secondly ^ ThaXtedf h 
the Sum of 2o;4fo /. be rais'd for the clearing the paid. 
Anears ofSubfiftence to the Troops in fwe/nni/, be- 
tween the firftyDay of January 1696. and the firft ' 
day of Auffifi 1697. Thirdly^ That 4^08 1< /. be 
ratfed for clearing the Arrcar of Subfiftence to the 
Troops in Flanders^ to the 4th day oiOfiober 1697. 
Fourthly^ That the Sum of /oooo /. be raifed for the ^ 

General Officers. Fifthly^ That i ; 7990 /, be railed 
for dlearsng the Arrears of Subfiftcnte, due to the 
Troops id Flanders Jrom the 4th of O^iohfr 1697. 
to the laft day of December, Sixthly^ Tbit. the Sufll 
^ iiQQiij I. be raifed for the Navy; to wit, 


^q6 fix ReigH of King^ 

A. C. »6oooo /. for Wear and Te«r; 600000/. foi ■ 

iffpS. nini^ Wagcj, in part of 181SX849 /. due « 

^ry^Score; ilijS^ diletoihe Regifter'aSeameajt. 

Pounds for ^eSallaricEoFdleConiini^oiKncI 

Admiralty, and other Officers, and ioi Oom 

elcs ; %i66i I- for the Half-pay Sea-O&cers; « 

Poumh for Penfioiis to Superannuated Sea-Ofi 

and Widows ; 1 fea? /, for ihe Charge of the Yi 

849 /. for the Mufter-Maftm of the Out Ft 

4)^99 /. for Wages to Shipt and Vcflels m On 

ry ; 1 9608 /. fo» Viiftualsof the Ships in Ortfia 

^ifj-S /. for Harbour- Moorings ; ^5849/. fef 

oinary Repairs ot the Navy ; f ffxo /. for the 

Marine Regiments : and j73,36 /. for the Qun 

the Office for Reginering Seamen. Sewntblji 1 

the Sum of £0000 /.be allowed for the OjAa 

and, BMitlj, lli&[ Provifion be made Cowanb! 

Aient ofthe Princi[»l and Imereft oF the Tran^ 

Debt ; «U which aims they refolred' co raife * 

Year i&^9. 

f Apii^7. '" Order to that, befidcsthe Land Tax ak 

othtrWdys voted, they f kid- a Duty upon all Coal and Ct 

»ni MiMiOVtT and abtort the Duties already Payable;! 

#.M,/*(A«refoIVd, *Th9t the fourth Part of thecleuVi 

Supflj. ofatl theBeneficiat Grants from the Crown of fi 

" Ap"1 9- /«</, or AW**/, and alhhe forfeited Eft-tn,«ti 

had been reffeor'd by the Crown, by Reni^ 

Outlawry, orothefwift, fines the a9th day of* 

i66o. be apt^lted tothelUe of thePublidc. 'ft 

4 Air. 14, *"*• t cootinuod the Pall or Cdfitatitm-TM fir» 

•Apnitf! Year longer; kit!* a Duty upon all Coals ia^ff 

ed from Scoflmd, or other Parts beyond Sea; &• 

t Am 18 ^^ ^ *^ Duties upon Stampt Vellum, Paniw 

• ^' • and Paper ; until the ift day 0(41^0/^1706. pW 

tiued the Duties upoa Coffiie, Tea, Gttocoluc > 
Spices ; as alio rfie Duty payable by HawkW* 
Pedlars, for the Term ot three ¥ear«, to come** 
firomtheEbipiration ofthe present Duties upooil'' 

• May 7 * ^"^ a ftutter Duty uptm Salt ; doubled I ^, 
)i]^y,lties uponali Lulhings and AlamodcsisipirtH; 

enlarged the time for purchafing. Anfltiitic<^ '^ 
^.Aeftveral AftsoFl^rliaiiient tor grantfflg Ae to[^ 
/widbecaufc evca all this ww net stblecoioAff* 

W I L L I A M fi&ff ThirJ. jo/ 

Kec^flities of this Year, the Commom refbVd, t A. C. 
That towards raifing a Fund for two Millions, dhe 1^98. 
Duties upon Salt granted before and during this vw> 
Seiiton, and the Addtrional Duty upon Scamp t Vel-fMay 19 
lum, Parchment and Paper^ voted three Weeks be--^ ^^^^ •/ 
fore, be granted to his Maiefty, his Heirs and Suc-^** ^*^- 
ceflbrs, redeemable by Parliament. ''•*' '^^ 

By this time theComnlons wereentcr'd on the Bufi-^l: ,^^ ^f 
nefi of the fi<^-/iiJi4 Trade, which had been ^^P^^^- t/e^^ttd 
ing many Years, and was look'd on as (b nice andi,^|^ 
drmcult, that it had been referred to the King andx>«ir. 
his Council, and back again bv them to the Par- 
liament. The Old Company having ofier'd eoad- 
Vance 700000 /. at iourier Cent, for the Service of 
the Government, in Cafe the Trade to lnii4 might 
be fettled on them, exclufive ok all others, the Houfe 
(eemM inclin'd to embrace their Propofil ; when a- 
nother Number of Merchants, ofwliom one Shep- 
herd was the Chief, and who were pfote<fied oy 
Mr. Mmtdgue^ Cbamcetcr of the £jvtfib^irer,propos*d to 
the Houie to raife two Millions at Eight fer Cent, on 
Condition tbe Trade to India might be fettled on ' 
theSuMcribers.exclufive of all others: Thev alfb pro- 
pose, that thefe Subfcribers (bould not oe obliged 
to trade in a Joint* Stock, but if any Members of 
them (hould afterwards defire to be incorporated, a 
Charter fhould be granted to them for that Purpofe. 
The Houfe jtidg'd this new Overture not only to 
be more advantageous to the Government, but like- 
wile very likely to fettle this controverted T*rade 
on a better Foundation than it was on before ; A 
Bill was therefore t ordcr'd to be brought into the t May 1^. 
Houfe for fettling the Trade to the Eajhindies on "f^ ^' ^''- 
thofe whoihould Subfcribe the Two Millions, ac Jf^** 
cording to the Limitations be&rementk>n'd, and the p tTr 
following Refblutions, rirft, ♦ That every Subfiri- jf^Ji"' 
•^ ber might have the Liberty of Trading Yearly, to pany. 

* the Amount of his rcfpeftive Subfcription, or 

• might aftgn over fuch his Liberty of Trading to 

* any other Pqpfbn. Secondly^ That his Majelty be 

* empowerVI to Incorporate fuch of the (aid Sab- 

• fcribcrs, as ihould defire the feme. ThirMy^ That \ 

• the Powers and Priviledges for citxfmg on the' 

A. C. 

' il 



• !• 


4 Jtifiei^ 

tLeMfms ff 
*^# dld- 
dia Cfm- 


;■ i' 



Edft.InJia Trade, fliould be fettled by Parliailio 
Fourthly^ That the flid Subfcribers Oiould en 
the fitd Eight Pounds per Cent, and Liberty 
Trading to the Eaft Indies, exclufive of all oth 
for the Terms of Ten Years, and until thefi 
(hould be redeemed b)r Parliament, fifthly ^ T 
ievery Perfon Subfcribing Fiire Hundred Pckib 
have a Vote, and no Perfon to have more Vo 
than one. Sixthly^ That all Ships laden in 1 
EaJl'Indies fliould be obtig'd to deliver in Bn^U 
Seventhi/y That no Perlbn that fhould be a Mg 
ber of any Corporation Trading to the Ealt-InS 
(hould trade otherwife than in the Joint-Srock 
fiich Corporation of which be was a Adembc 
Eighthly, That Five Pounds per Annum, Ad vtu 
rem, upon all Returns from the Edft-Indies, be pai 
by the Importer, to be placed to the Account 
the .Sublcnbers, towards the Charge of iendirj 
Ambaffiidors, and other extraordinary Expecccs, 
And^ Ninthly, That over and above the Duties not 
payable, a furrher Duty of one Shilling and Ta 
Pence per Pound weight, be laid upon all wrougi: 
Silks icfiported from India and Berfia, to be piiJl 
by the Importer. This Bill being accordinglj 
brought inro the .Hottfe, the Old-Eaft India Compt- 
ny prejfented a Petition agalnft it, to which tk 
Commons had. fb much regard, as to offer tbeia 
to fettle this Trade upon them, if the)r would ac- 
cept It on the (ame Terms and Limitations, on' 
which the others were contented to take it; aod' 
which the Parliament judg'd moil advantageous Ay 
the Kingdom ; but the Members of the Old Com- 
pany having rejeded this Propo^l, the Commooi 
pafl" t the Bill in favour of the new Adventuren. ] 
The Old-Eafi'India Company tollow'd ih e BUI to i 
tbe Upper-Houfe, where they were beard by tfidf 
Council, Sir Thomas Povpis, and Sir BarthoUmew 
Shower, who reprefented, * That this Bill invadcrf 

• tiieir Property, and ruin'd many Families^ That 
' in the Charters granted them by Qjicen BU:iabeth, 
' yMgJamesh KmgCharles II. and King James 11 

* it was (uggeded, that their Corporation was ht 
I the Hotiour ol En^and, for the Encreaie ofNavi- 


■ ^ I 

. » MB 


WILLIAM/*!? ThirJ. 3^9 

gatioti, and the A ^ vancc of Trade ; That the fiid A C. 
Charters contain'd a Grant of the Trade to the 169%: 
B^ft-Indies^ to the Company ,cxclulive of all /khers jl 
That by fome of them they were conftitutcd the 
Lords Proprietors oi Bombay^ and of the^'IQand oF 
St. Hblena ; That by thele Grants they >^erc indu* 
ced to think they had a Right in / Law to the 
Trade, at lealt that they (hould l^ve an uncon** 
nroverted Title to the Lands ; ^d that on thl9 
Prefumption, and relying on the publick Faith , 
and Credit oi the Great Seid of England^ they had 
expended above a Million in Fortifications : and 
acquir'd Revenues of 44000 Lfer Atmum^ and ma« 
ny Settlements and Priviledges ; Thar, in the Year 
16^1. the Houfe of Commons had made a Refo- 
llltion, Jhdtfhe Eaft-India Trade Jhould be carry d 
fif in 4 Joint' Stc^lif exclufive to all cthees. That 
(heir Company was confirmed and fettled by three 
Charters granted by his pre[ent Majefty on the 
7th qf Q^oherj and 17th of November 1699, and 
28th September 1 6sx. That iipon the Security o£ 
thefe Charters the Company confimced to a new 
Sublcription ; That there was a-cTew fubicrib'd 
7440 Qo /. and the Money brought in during the 
lilting of th(? Parliament, and that nothing was 
done, (aid or offi^r'd againfl: his Majefl:y*s Chat'- 
ter^ of Regulations ^ fo that iipon the Publick 
Faith, (at Icaft tacitly given/ 781 New- Adven- 
turers, of which many were Widows and Orjpbans^' 
did (ubfcribe a large Part oi their Subftance to 
Tuppon this Tradfji during a hazardous War, fc^ 
the Profit and Honour ot England ; And that the 
New- Adventurers thought they might without a* 
ny hazard fubfcribe on the fccurity ot a Charter 
which wa^ (o plainly defign'd by his Majefty to 
preferve the B^ifl^ India Traffick, then in danger 
of being Ipft. That on the i oth oi June^ after the 
Bill no)y depending before their Lordfhips wa^ 
brought in, (he Company did agree to fubmit their 
prelent Stock to a Valuation off o /, per Cent. vi:(. 
%o L ter Cent, for their dead Stock, and ^o /. per 
Cent, for their quick Stock, which they were coiv- 
(^nted tq warrant at the faid Sums ; aQd upon 

Xxx3 ' tM% 

3^0 The Reifn 0f King 

A. C. ^ thefe Terms, rhe^ ofierM to open their Books 
1698. \ for new SubicriptioQs, in order to r^fe the two 
Millions ; that afterwards to siicertaui the Pay- 
ments of the (aid two Millions, th«y bad a gaie«r 
ral Court on the 20th of Jum, in which they a- 
greed to an immediate Sublcription by private 
Adventurers of aocooo /. to be paid at . the firft 
Payment, fiibjed to make good the (ub(e<juenc 
Payments, which SubCnriptioh was accordingly 
made. That it has been the conftant Pradile iti 
Farms, Bargains and Of&n of the like Nature, not 
to clofe with a new Propofal, till the firft Bidder 
be ask'4» whether he is able to advance further ? 
and that notwithftandiM their Charters, and the 
Rif bt they had to the Trade, they were early told 
their Propofal fliould be opposed, tho' they of. 
fer'd the two Millions in Queftion. And laftly. 
That the Bill allow'd Foreigners as well as the 
King's Suhje£b to (iibftribe to the two Millions, 
whereby they would be let into the Secrets and 
Myfteries of this Trade, which might produce Ef- 
feds very pernicious to the General Intereft of the 
Nation. To this the Council for the New-Sub- 
Icribers replied, ' That in the Recital of their Char- 
ters the Old Company had omitted to pive an 
Account of the Provides inferted thercm, v/:(; 
IhMf the rrfpeBhe I\inzs that granted them^tefervd 
a Power ta ma\e them votd ufon three Tears fVkrninz ; 
That the King by his Charter could not grant the 
Trade to the Eaji-Indiet excluHve of all others ; and 
that (everal Recoveries had been made a^atnft them 
at Law for profecuting fiich pretend Right. That 
as the Crown has not a Power to ^ant liicb a Right, 
io his prelent Majefty had not in Faft granted any 
(iich Right exciufive. That* when they mentioned the 
Refclwtion of the Commons in 1^91, They omitted 
their . other Refi>lution, That it t^s lavpfuifir all Per^ 
fins to trade t0thelEA^4ni\c% utelefs reStraiifd by 4H 
cf Parliament \ neither did they t^k^ notice of the 
two Addrefles, made by the Houfe of ComtDons to 
the Kins in \i^f\. and \6^%. todiflolve the Com«^ 
juny. That c6 the f4jch ofi^m^^ 1(92. Sir $4^ 
itard $^onr dedarM to the Cqmmpn$ aMef^ge 

7tf$ir Rw. 


WILhlAUrie ThirJ. |it 

otn Vis Maleftv, iinpc»ti0g, ^T)a^^W]^f A- C. 
had requir'd the EanindU Company to anlWcr 1699- 
direaiy, whether *ey would fiibarit uo fiich Rc.v,,^vV 
gulations, as his Msqcfty (hduld judge proper and 
moft likely to advance the Ti^ ? And the Com- 
pany having folly agreed to it, and dedar'd their 
Reflation in Writing, his Majefty had c^nnmana- n 
ed a Cpmtnittee of his Privv Couiptdl to prepaid 
Regulations, which they did, andoffer*d «jcin to 
the Company ; but that notwithftanding tbctr Ue^ 
daratiort of 5ubmiiri(«i,thcy rejefteij itlmoft all Ac 
material Particulars, fc that his Maiefty boding^ 
Att what poffibiy the Houfe of Commons might 
have expe&ed, and indeed was neoeflary to pit?- 
ferve MS Trade, could not be perfeftcd by faia 
owij Authority alone; and that the Company could 
not ht induced 'to codfent to any fiidi Regula- 
tions, aa mj|ht Kanre anTwer'd the Intemions of 
tfae Houft oK}ominons, and that tht Cbncurrenoe 
of the Parliatticrtt was requifite to make ^ corn- n 
pleat an() ufefiil ^kment of this Trade, he had 
dire6t^ all the Proceedings in this Matter to be 
lakl bei^re ihein, and recommended to them tfan 
preparing fuch a Bill, in order to pafi into an 
A^ of Parliament, as might eftablilh tbis Tradb 
00 fiich Foundations, as were moft likely to pre- 
(enre and advance it. 'Twas alfo iir^^ againft tbie 
Old Company, that their Charter bein^ become vm4 
by their Non-Payment of the Tax tmpds'd upoii 
them by Parllainent, they obtairfcf a new Charter 

this Charter was contefted before the Qpeen and 
iCoundl by thole they caird Interlopers, upon the 
Hearini whereof it Was unanfwerablj^ provM, that 
tht Kinjg bad not, by Law, a Power (o grant thb 
Trade to fome t^erfbns exclufive of others, and th^it 
the Companies Affairs were then in (uch a Condt- 
tion, that it Would be a plain Cheat to others, thit 
ftould come in upon their Stock, That howeter. 
Law 9nd Kesiibn tailing|they bad Recourft to otW 
MetiiodS) and great Sums of Monejr were diftribt^^ 

Xn^^ ' ie4 

Jit The Reigttef King 

A. C. ted (m \t was acknowledged betorc a Cmnnlnc 
1696. otbothHoifes ofParliamcntJ to get anotherOur 
^VV^ i but that thofe who were copccrn'd 10 adil 
his Majefty in Point of Law, were lb jud todn 
Truft, as to take care that no Right orTraiJe,a 
cluGve of others, was granted, ^d al(b thaidi 
Compny Ihould fubmit tp fuch Alreratioos, h 
'" flri^ions, and Qpalifications as the King {hmlj 

make on the 3.9th of Stptemi>eri69i. fo\lowiBs;ai 
lb on the 17th of November 11S9;. a new Cnm 
of Regulations was made, and another theiBttt 
feptemier 16$^. wherein, amongft other things, « 
thlsProvifo: TbAtif it ftKuld afpear te the Kjn^^ 
Heiri ajtd Saocejftriy that the faid tvo Charters, tr n 
ather Cbatteri herftefire granted, Jhould not be fr^ 
ilt to the K}''Xt ^" ^fif* ""^ SucceJ/ort, or is & 
Iff dim, thstthen tndfrem thenciefeiib, ufan *ai^ 
to- tint TeoTj tVtrninjf to be given ta the ftidCm 
fmVy bthe King., &c. the fame Jhould ceafe, bui 
^nd detemin'd. That it appeared by the Proceti 
ingi of the Hode of Commons in 1 694. bow lli 
Charter was obtaiu'd^ which had more mJtofFrf 
Tate Promtfis than publick Faith ; that it wai m 
to be wonder'd, that the Parliament took no Nt 
dee o[ the Matter, whilll: the new Subfcribenpiii 
in their Money, wiien it was confider'd that,accDii 
ing to Sir Bajil Firebrafii DepoHtions, there weriji* 
ral ContraSi, fame to the value of 60000 I. en Att^ 
if froeuTJuf It nev Charter, and others to the vala i 
140000 /. OH Jicceunt of procuring an AS ^ PufSt 
puxt. That by fuch Means tne matter olighc V 
Ovcr-loc^'d for a while, but it was pot long befi" 
the Parliament took pubtick notice of it; and iFdi 
greater AfKiirs of the Nation had not Dcenioi"- 
cent, and the Seiilon been fo near an end, paiixf 
vae Company might have had juflice done ditf 
then, and . had been pall compkining of ai^ iai>- 
ginary injuQice done them now ; That tbereWn 
wai plain, that it was not for the Profit and Hi> 
Hour of the Nation, and to iupport the Trade, ibt 
liie Ncw-Subfcrlbers came in, 1 but that they ft« 
^eluded into it i>y a. Charter obtain'd by iadircs 
.Way% and t)jf the Hope^ of a^ ■Aft of P^I^uw* 

WILLIAM the tlnrJ. 313 

to confirm it, to be obtained in the £ime manner.- A. C* 
That the Trade would have been niuch better pre»- j <jc;8- 
ierv'd, and more to the Honour of the Nation, if Vi^v\ 
no fuch underhand Pra(^i(es had been carried on ^ 
That if fome Perfbns thinking tbemleives to hav^a 
greater Reach than others^ or being deceived by th^ ' 
Old Company's making his Mijefty believe their 
Stock to be worth 7^0000 Pounds, and by afterv 
wards (bariog j^j'oqo Pounds of the Newoubicri- 
bers Money amongft themfelves, or by the Pcrlbns 
jfailing them who had promised to get an kSt of 
Parliament, or by LoiTes at Sea, or by what other 
Means Ibever it were, happened to fail in their Ex> 
pe<9:ations no Bodjr was anfwerable ior it but theip- 
kIvcsj efpecially iince ihey had wanting enongh by 
the Tranla£lions before the Council Twas al* 
iedged further. That in fyiwwrd III. and Queen £//- 
gdheth's Reigns upoQ Complaint in Parliament of 
Patents granted for Monopolies, mofl: of them werp 
1 mmediately revoked, and the reft left to the Law i 
That in King James the i ft's time an A8i of Parlia* 
ment paft, to m^e void aCharter for the (ble Trade 
to Sfain^ and another againft all Monopolies ; Tha( 
f ho' the Patents for (bme Trades with Joint-Stocks^ 
(whilft the Trades for which they were granted 
were in their Infancy^ have been permitted for the , 

fettling of a Trafle, and tiU the ^rf^ Adventurers 
have reap'd iome reasonable Cqmpen(ation for thd^ 
firft Unaertaking and Adventui'es, yet afterwards 
when thof^ Trades hav^ encreai^d and become 
great, the WiOom oEthe Nation has always thought - 
ht, to open a way for the Kingdom to receive a 
general Benefit diereby. ^ That it never was efteem- 
ed a Breach of the publick Faitf), or ^ Derogation 
either from the Credit of the Great Seal, or from 
the Honour of our Kings to have their Patents an- 
nulled by^ Parliament^ when the Grants were 
thought bv that Grand Council of the Nation not to 
be prtmtable^ ojr to be agsdnft the common Right 
pf the Subje^ i and tfiat no King or Qieen thought 
themielves bound in Honour or Conicience not to 
jpafi aa hOi 9f, {Parliament to make voi^ l^ch Pa- 

3 14 \ ^' Reign tfKing 

A. C. tent. That the King being bufied in the mwT* 

I £98. duotu Affitirs of Che Ktngoom cannot be fappoli 

V^^^Vto know always what hemi^t legally gtmi, 

is oftentimes decetred in his Grants, and for 

fteafeo they are often annulled by the pn&_ 

Coin^ of Law ; and (o mt^t this Coinpaiqr'ih 

tent hare been ; For all Pcnons having a Ri^ 1 

Law to Trade to (he Baft-Indies, unleb exdiHall 

Pariiameitf, tbc King by his Charter could e 

frant to the Company any new Right to the TnJ 
efides the Priviled^ of aR iacorporated Body ;li 
■ that the Comtnoni juflly besring a high Veoenii 
to his prefcnt Majrfiy, wlib had run lb peat H 
sards, andpertortn'd fo glorious Atchievemns t 
the Honour and Good of the Nation, had notwi 
fianding taken care in this Bill, that nothing OuJ 
interfere with his MajefW'* Patent ; That by ihiih 
tent the Old Company had indeed Power to mil 
tfie EafilnStr and other Privikdges, butwidwat 
ny esprefiClayft to exclude others, or aoyC* 
nam (as was in the former Chaners frotn the Cro" 
that hisMajefty would not grant Licenletoqtkw 
to trade thither during the continuance of the b 
Charter ; fo that even according to the Giiw 
ihemfelres, all other Subjects of England tnJi 
Right to trade to the Baft-lndiet, and many sfla^ 
Ijr traded thither without any hindcnince. Tls 
tho* the Old Cwnpany talk'd fo much ojr their ft 
pendance on the Stcuriq' rf-iheir Charter), ji 
ihey tbemtelrei were convinc'd, that their Rig 
was not well founded, fince they had formerly S 
out (b much Money to get an &£t of ParlianitB 1] 
confirm their Charters, and had lately offer'd to \m 
700000 Pounds to the Government, to Ha«* 
Trade to themftlvcs excWfivc of all other?. Ai" 
their oflfcring afterwards, to raife Two M|jHo«| 
was anfwer'd. That they made no fiich Ofler W 
an Intention that it fhould take Effeft, but «^^ 
an Amafemrnt to gain time, and lb to htSt p 
Billj for whefl they agreed to fiibmit their Sio^ 
a valuation of fo /. fer Cent. They knew very w4 
that others did not vahie it at any thin|f netfj* 
much; and af to their Subfcribing 200000 Pouo*H 

- ■■■■■■- ■ ■ '■■ ■■■ '" 5* 

W 1 LLI A M the third. 31^ 

Subjed CO make good the (ubfequenc Payments of a, C 
che^wo Millions^ that it was only to obtain what 1698. 
they had been io long aiming at« W^. an kSt of v,xVVi 
Parliament exclufpfc^ for the Sum of aooooo Pounds, 
wherebv the King would be defeated of a much 
more confidcrable Loan ; others delivering in Sub* 
Icripdons fpr about laooooo Pounds. And finallj, 
char the Old Compair^ heretofore thought it an Ad* 
vantage to admit roreigiiers into their Trade, 
and that many were aduaUy now in the present 
Company, tho' thej werepleas'd to argue againft 
it. The Lords weighed the Reaipns on Doth fides, 
and chiefly confiderM that the Old Company's Pro* 
pofal to lend the Two Millions, was like to pror^e 
ineffc6hial, by realbn that (bme of their Principal 
Members were knqwn to have no great Affedion to 
the prei^t Government; ib that ui3on mature de-.^ 
Ubeyation their Lordfliips cave their Concurrence 1^^'^ 
to the Bill i which (bon t after received the Royal|^|y 

The Bill bemg pafi'd, the Commifliooers appoint- jt i^g^ 
ed by his M«efty for taking Sublcriptions towards Eaft.lii. 
the raiOng of Two Millions, and for iettUng a Nfw* dit Ctjw 
S^-hidU Company, laid opon their Bo(4cs at Kfcr-p^ny t^ 
cnj-Hst^ on Thurfiajf the 14U1 o{7uly 1^98. and fudk^'^^^ 
was the 21etl which People of all Ranks, and even 
Foreigners^ (hew'd on this Occafion to aiCft the 
Government and promote the Trade of the Nation^ 
that on the Af/ttr^f^r; following the whole Sum, and 
Something above it, was (ub&i)>*d : Nay, 'tis very 

ErobablethatTwo Millions more had been (ubfiirib'd* 
ad not the Books been (hut up before the diftant 
Corporations, prhratc Men in remote Counties, and 
Merchants b^ond Sea could remit their Commit 
iiont for thegreat Sums they intended to (vMcnhc.^ 
The EH^tch of fo great a Work, in lefs than three 
days time, after the Nation had born fo chargeable 
4 War fer to many Years, iiirpriz'd and amaz'd 
ia\\ the World : And as it greatly mortiSed all thole 
who were^yfiilly afTur^d that his Majcfly would 
be ^ difitppoiiited of this Supply| ib it gave our 
^l^eighbouring Nations an auoniuiing Image, both 
of the Opulence oiBnglani^ and the ftrength of the 
»'^ s\< ^ V ■■'' ^ • ■ ■ .: ' . ■■•' — •■ ■ Govern- 

5i<5 The KeingH of Kin^ 

A. C. Government. This Tranfa^lion, view'd in i 

ifijS. Circumftaoces, is indeed fo very ftrange and 

VY^>_/ (lei-ful, that die UIk is not to be found in Si 

and 'iwitl be % hard matter- for Poftcri^ to bi 

it. This was owing to the WifHom of this P 

inent, who had fo much Skill in touchioj 

Springs of the People'* Affeftions, that not 

ftaniling all the LolTes they had iuflrain'd, as 

the ^xpence they had been at, they ■were jwc 

with to advance this great Supply,'wuh iuc 

credible Expedition^- And by this means jhe P 

mcnt, only by doubling the Duty on Paper 

Parchment uted in ProccedingB at fjnw^ andtft 

Salt, raifcd a Supply of Two Millions, whic 

have done by any other wayi, was at rfaaf w 

■ Matter of the higbeft Difficulty. Now for the 

Jj***! .'Iting upof the King's Revenue, the Commow 

R »™? ' *ol«d, Thia ef fh* Hereditary end Tempergrj Ei 

fl^d P^fi^^^'y SnuUBfMchei nf the nfi» Subfidut «f : 

fv, "/ije and Poundage j continued to the firfi Dt! •/ 

bruary i £99. Seven Hundred Thouftnd Pound be ff^ 

to hit Majefy, during bit Life, «nd that wisdtfino 

faid ^evenuei fheuH exceed Seven Hiaidrid ^W 

Pound ie*r{j, jhojdd be tffTofriated to fueh V/i' 

Jhould be direcled bj Pariiament. And becaufc 1 

Gtals makeri, and Tobacco- Pipe- makers didyu 

complain of the grievous Taxes that had ^'^^ 

f-Jimci5.ot] their Manufatftures, the Commons * rcfw^ 

(o takcoffhalfihe Duties now upon Gtafs-Wai 

_ and the whole Dutr^s upon Stone and Esro 

Wares, and Tobacco- Pipes, and to grant toi 

Majefty an Equivalent by laying a further W 

upon Whalebone, latid upon ScMch Linnen I'n'F' 

cd. As for the A£l for applying the fourth Pif ' 

the Forfeited Eftate« to the lUc ot the PuWi** ' 

piany People {wtition'd againft it, that noProP* 

was made in it. 

16( AH-i- Befides the ^afi-IndU Trade, theComiBoM '« 

can tra^e into Conuderation that of the ./<yri'c<i*' Cmp>^J 

ttiaUttd. which had lone wanwd a due RegularioD: Ain^^P 

on Account <w the noceffiqr ofkeeping up F"" 

^nt|Caftles, for dicDefenceof £»j/»/bF4orio' 

VJ tLLl AU tBeThitJ. ^17 i 

t\ii CmA of Guinea^ there being no regular Govern- A. d I 

msnc among chojfe barbarous People, on whofe Pi'o- 1698. 
teftion they might Citely rely, the Parliament made V^Y%^ 
a Bill to ^ctle the fz,\d Company, and to enable 
them to maintain all fuch Fort^ as they nqw bad in 
their Poffelfion, or (hould hereafter purcha(e,or &• 
/rc6l, for the Prefer vation of their Traae ; and ena6i- 
cd, at the (ame time, that any of the Subjef^s of this 
Realm, as well as the faid Company, might after the 
2./\.th of June 1698. trade from £9^/tf»</, or after the 
I ft of Jiuguli from aiw of bis Majefties Plantations 
in America, to the ^oaft of Africa, between Cape 
Mount, and the Cape of Good Hope, both the fiid 
Company, and the Free-Traders, or Innrlopers^ 
anfwcring a Duty of Ten per Cent, of the Value 
of the Goods exported thither from England, or 
from his Majefties American Plantations, towards 
the Maintainance of the Forts and Settlement?. 

Notwithftanding the fevcre Laws that were in j^ QwI* 
Force againft fuch as tranfport BngUfh Wool! to Fo- ing r^ade 
reign Pans, who are vulgarly call'd Owlers, yet ma- fnvided 
ny of them, encouragM by the powerful Incentive 4<4H'»ji, 
of Gain continued their ill and clandeftine Pra£^ifes, 
to the unfpeakable Detriment of the Nation ; and 
to the great Profit of the French, who had lately fee 
up a condderable Woollen Mznui^&are in Picardjfy 
Wherefore the Pariiament, the more eftcdhiallvto 
obviate that ftubbom Miichief, made many pruaeac 
t^roviiions in an A& for Explan^ion andmter Bxe^ 
cation of former Aifs made againft Tranfportation of 
WiioU, FuUers Earth, and Scowrinz-Clay. 

The Parliament likewife this Seffion applied Frencb 
themfelves with great Diligence to di£:over and pu- ^J^^^^^J. 
nifh fuch Offenders, who carryM on a fraudulent ^^^^f 
anfl (ecret Commerce with France, and to the great ^^iT 
Damage of the Royai^LuftringiCotMony of this King- *" 
dom, had for divers Years paft, (iirreptitiouCjr 
brought in, or to ufe the Word us'd among Traders^ 
fmu9ghd great Quantities of French Alamodes and 
Lulbings. The (irft occafionof this Di&overy was 
a Pafi from the Admiral of France^ for an Englijh . 
Ship, that ferv'd at once for the Oip//;r|^ and Smug' 
lUng Trad^j which F^fs^Mi dbe breaking o(u of 


3i8 The Reign of King 

A. C. the Ute Confpincy, vas intercepted ac the ?d 
i(fyS. OrRcc, togecluir with alt ihe Letters, vbicbaidi 
^^^^WtiitK, wereeuher coming firom '>«»», or fendii^i 
ther.Tliis Psifi had a long time remained ufcle^ ioil 
Hands of tbfrSeaetary of State, by Reafoniii 
cranied on a fiq>poGttiiouS Name ; but the (im\ 
ug coraamnicaced to Mr. HUatj Heneu, an eioiDi: 
PrtiKk Proceftant Merchant, who was the chicfM 
nager and Promoterot tbeLufb-ine-CotiipaiiT,d 
vma upon fcTeral OccaTions bad dtxie fignal Eii 
vices to ibe Goremment, he by this help aoili 
idler concurring Indications did at lad 6na oml 
Smurglert\ and having caus'd their Boob ni 
feiz?, pecitioo'd tke Houfe of Commons, lot 
Name (^the Royal Luflring Company, rhartlKJ 
Books, Letters and other Papers, id which thcO 
trivance* to ruin the Luftrmg Manufa£)ure io^ 
Kingdom did appear, might be laid before i 
Houle and Examm'd. The Comalons did &n' 
raWy receive this Petition, and rcferr'd that M«( 
to ine Committee of Trade, at the Head of ibt- 
«astbenSirJ(aip/Mii^G»7», who eagerly la7u;^^ 
«a this Opportunity to ferve the Nation, wimav 
we«ncd Application and wonderful IndtilVy, «| 

■ full )>Hcovery of the Smu j^litw Tniden^ to m 
they tbemfetves gave no finall Handle, by ^ 
amtviv'd and incoherent Metaphors, under v^ 
in thnr Cone^odence with their Agents in tru^ 
tbey endeavoured to conceal their unlawfuiFnaj 
fes; as fmrtnftance, when ibey faid, That thtW^ 
Cmeaning the Ship) v«alA nit fit aut, bicM' ^'*j 
etntrmyPKnds. Sw ^fiwiatUhamm^ madK^tn^'^y 
of the whole Matter to &e HouCt of Coukdo* 'f 

j^lmimr * ^ Alanndjes, fet up by die LaSxlogCoBip^ 
^ftlt * had been very advania^eous and benrocialto^ 
Cmrnni *^ Kingdom, by enplcrrme great Numbeis «* 
^sii^ * Pbor, and prevcnnng me Expoi«ttion<^our CM 
rbm. * for purdia£ng of thofe CotwUDdkiei ; Thaio^ 

■ had been a verydeftfuaiTe Trade carriedaBi* 

• Ranee, dwing Um War, for tatponinK Al*** 

* and Loftringi^ omavy o» i^w, wheieb/f; 
: KJBs.hfld bcjaadefiwidnt'ofhiiCaSeatf, >n^ 

WILLIAM thethirJ. 319 

own Martufa6br« greatly difcourj^'il ; That the f^ q^ 
iaisie Vefiels which imported /Uamodcs and Lu- ttfosJ 
firings, did export ^rcat Qjiianddes of our WooU. ^ ^^ 
That thereby In teUigence had been carried into 
France^ durinff the War^ and 'the Enemies of the Go^ 
vemment had been convey'd from juftice^t of this 
Kingdoat,(particularly Cardtl Gombnm) andhadJaad 
frequent Opi)ortuiMties of returning hither, to cany 
on their pernicious Defigns. That b^ die ioteicqpc- 
ed Letter wherein the Fir^nc/rKmgsPafiport was 
inclofed, compai 'd with Mr. Jtim Gmde^t Itfaod- 
writing, and the Copy of the laid Letter enter'd in 
Mr. Goudei% Copy- Book of Letters, andbjr N&w 
Coud^'% Seal, wherewith the Pafi|x>rt Letter was 
Sealed, it did appear. That die faid Pa6port wo* 
procured and paid by the fiiid Mr. G^mkt and 
Company ; That the £iid Pafiport was feat back 
in order to be renew'd, the time for which il: was 
granted being expired : That Gmtbty Lngpiewib 
and Bamau^ were Partners during the time chiS' 
Smuggling Trade was carried on : That Mr. A»^ 
fhen Seifftoretj Mr. SdfiJouin^ and Mr. Samtim^ 
were alio Partners, and had imported jp-eatQuao- 
titles of French Alamodes and Luftnngs. Thac 
Mr. Peter de Hearce dealt with jfevqral PerTona in- 
France^ for French Silks, and other Commodities 
from France^ under feveral f]£l3tious and counter* 
feit Names. That Jthn du. Maiftre^ Fenr BmraiU 
Uu^ Diana Mafon^ John Jluriol^ Ifuc Auriol^ ^hm 
Fancier^ JchnGujguiefj andfeTenu others had been 
concern*d in the Smug^g Trade. That 4 Bit 
be brought in for the Jneauragement of the Liffiring 
Company, and^ the wort efft&ual preventing thefram^ 
dulent hnportatim^of Lufhings and Alamedes^ andtbe^ 
Exportation offVooS^ and FUters-Barth ; That Johm 
Goudet, David BarreaUj Peter Longueville^ Stephen 
Mgneret, I(en^ BoMdupin, Nicholas Santiniy and Pe*- 
tkr de Hear€o (to whom were afterwards added 
John Pierce^ John du Maiftre^ and John Auriei) be 
be impeach'd before the Lords oF High Crimes 
and Mifdemeanors y and be taken into the Cuflo- 
dy of the Seneant at ArmS) aaendtng»thisHou(eJ 
That tfaeretfof the Smugglers be piolicured by 

3iO The Uiigii of King 

A. C. ' Mr, AttornevGeneral,andMr.SoIHcitQrGeneT 
1698. * Andlaftly, Thit Mr. Hilary \eneu, for the gi 
W'^Ts-' ' Service done this Kingdom, in promoting the h 

* nuFa^rc of Atamodei and Lultrings, and Dif 

* vering the fraudulent Importation thereof, a 

* Exportation of Wool, deferv'd the Counienai 

* and fttHCi^on of the Government j And thj 

* Bill for Naturalizing ofhira and his Family, 

* permitted to piit this Hnu(c Grarij. 

The Impeach'd Smupglers having put in their A 
iwers to the Articlei exhibited againit them, and d 
Committee of the Houfe of Commons made rheirR 
plications, a greatDifputcaiofe between bothHoui 
of Parliament, ths Lords infifting that the Tr/i 
(houldbeat tbeBaroftheir^oufe, where the Coro 
mittee oF the Commons, muft have ftood ; Ad 
the Commons,on the other hand, inlifbing upon ths 
havine a convenient Place appointed for the Man> 
gets ofthe Impeachments agamft the Prifoners,whm 
□7 they might be the better enabled to make gooc 
their Charge againib them. This cave occaGon k 
a Confermce, which being inefFe£tual to accoitun^ 
date the Matter, the|0>mmons Refolv'd, tliat 
♦ tnneio.t they would be prefent at die Tryals, as a Con- 
*»rfa3. mittee of (he whole Houft, in regard the Affainw 
sadjuae of great Consequence to the Trade of the Kingdom 
»9. Whereupon the Lords * acquainted the Cotnmom 

that they would proceed upon the Monday foUowinj 
upon the Tryali in {Veftminfiery where Seats wouM 
be provided for both Houfes. All this while tie 
Penbns accus'd had concelv'd no fmall Hopes of Im- 
punity, iirom the Difacreement between Lords aol 
Commons, but when they faw that Matter adjuM 
Eight of them did confefs tnemfclvcs GuIItv ; Whert- 
upon the Commons went up to the Bar ofthe Lord! 
Houle, and their Speaker in their Name having d^ 
mandcd Judgment againft the faid Offenders, the 
Tjoly 4- Lords impos'd a Fine of Ten thou£tnd Pouodsup- 
XUF.encho„ Snpbtn Seignom ; Of Three thoufind Pounds m 
S A.i"»''B'"'^'«; Of Fifteen hundred Pounds on y*i» 
Geudec, and Nkboltu S4ntmi\ Of One thou^ 
pounds 00, ^Mcr 'Otivrirce, 9i^n.pierfet anijelmD*- 
m^ifire i -Ami oi five bimdred Pounds on DtpidBir- 

WILLIAM tbeThirJ. 3x1 

ran ; And ordered, that t^y (hould be ImprilonM A. ^* 
in Newgate until they had paid their refpedive Fines, i ^p8. 
Now left any jFavourite fliould be gratified with ^.x^^ 
thefe Sums, the Commons addrcft his Majefty, That 
rtiejr might be appropriated to Greenwich Hofpital^ 
which his Majefty ordered to be done accordingly ; 
to the great Dilappointmcnt of iererai greedy Cour- 

Another fort of Offenders were, this Seillon, Anr- 
madverted upon by the Commons, but had the good 
Fortune to come off unhurt. It has already been j^/y; jQi. 
obfcrv^, of what mighty ufe Exchequer Bits weredprjemnts 
at this Time in the Nation, by fupplying the ScBt-tfExthi^ 
city of Money, during the Recoining of the Silver y"«^ Bi7(f 
Species ; Now becaufe there was an Intereft of Se- ^»*^*d 
ven Pounds Twelve Shillings fer Annum^ allow'd*"^*- 
upon the iecond iffqing the (aid Bills out of the 
Bxchejuer^ after they had been paid in, on any of 
the King's Taxes ^ whereas at their firft ifluing ouc . 
of the Exchequer^ thej bore no Intereft ; this encou- 
rag'd feveral of the King's Officers, both in the^ Bx^ 
chequer^ the Cuftomsand theExcife, to contrive toge- 
ther to get great Sums of Money by falle Endorse- 
ments on thefi Exchequer^Billsj before they had 
circulated about, and been brought into any l^nch 
of his Majelhr*s Revenue. The moft confiderable 
Perfons tKat bad carried on this unwarrantable Pra- 
'dice, were Mr. Charles Duncomb^ Receiver eeneral 
of the Exciie ; Mr. John Knight Treaforer of the Cu- 
ftotns, Mr. Bartbolomevf Burton^ who had a Place in 
the Excife Office, and Mr. ^^inald Manyot^ one mi 
the Deputy-TcUers of the Exchequer^ which laft to gee 
his Pardon, compounded to accufe the reft, llpoti 
a full Proof oi the Matter, Dtmcomb and Kplgbt who 
were Members of the Home of Commons, were firft 
Expeird the Hou&, and Committed Prifoners to the 
TdVfer ; Burfon fct\f to Newgate, and Bills ordeP<l to 
be brought in to punifl^ thorn. The Bill againft Mr.« 
Duncmb, whereby a Fine of near half his Eftate, 
(which at that time was judg'd to be worth 400060 
Poutuls^ was let upon him, djd ^ickly pais the 
Houfe of Commons, notwithftanding the Oppofiti* 
^n that was made to it, patticularly by the Attomey- 

Yyy Gencralj 


* 1 


'311 ' the Reign of King 

A. C. General ; * But being fenc up to the Houfeof Lords^ 

1 698. and their Lordfhips being equally divided, the Duke 

VW>s^ oi Leeds gave his cafting Vote icft the Rejeding of 

*S## thi the Bill. It was then the common Report, that Mr. 

^IT^L Dimc©f»A diipell'd the impending Storm by a Golden 

f^y™*" Sacrifice; which however Hiftory cannot relate as a 

gffmf^^ Truth, becaule it never came to publick Notice ; 

^* But we muft not jwfi over in filcnce, that Mr* Dunr 

tmh being fet at Liberty by the Order of the Houfe 

of Lords^ without the Confent of the G)mmoos, the 

latter relented it to that degree, that they causMhim 

to be remanded to the Hmet of London^ where he 

tontinu'd till the end of the SeiHon. The Bills a- 

gainft K?*ig^f and Burtm had the lame Fate ; and ib 

all thole i£reatning Clouds that leem'd ready to crufli 

"^e falle Indorfers, fpcox, themlelves in Vapour and 

Noifc ^ 

^e Commons, as I laid befere^did this year delign 
CoapplvPart 6k all the Forfeited Eftates to tbe ufe of 
the Publick ; in order to which thev enquir*d into Ac 
Grants made by K, Charles II. and Jdmes 11. and or- 
dered a Bill to be Inought in to mi^e them void. 
Afterwards they^examined the Grants made by his 
it A. ij.pfc^c Majefty in Ireland^ And becaule a Grant 
UmerMt Was t found made to Mr. ^Uen^ which Mr. Mfun- 
Veti infg^tapte^ Chancellor of the £jrc^f 11^ own'd to be for 
nteur of Mr. his l^nefit ; a warm Debate arole thereupon ; and 
ilonta- the Enemies of the latter, \^ho were not a few, (ht 
f^!/ tTi ^^^R^^* I hinted beforejmov'd thdt beJhimU wish- 
x^4 Hal- j^^^ which paffing in the Negative ; it was relolv'd 
*^ • by a great Majority, Thaf it was the Opinimi rf this 
Houfe ^ That she Honour ahle Charles MotmtsigMe i|/f.; 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, for histood Senses to 
this Gp9emmenK didd^ervehisM^}eScy^^FtLyqW: A 

Vote that will render his Name fesKHis lio all (uc-. 

•'^^^^y; The next Day * the Commons, in a Body, ptc: 
Mdrtfi cf fcnted an Addrefi to the King, wherein, * They, wiiit 
2; f^ * great Joy and Comfort, remembrcdihe Teftiai«^ 
iWi^/ftiA * ^^^* which hii Majefty had given them of his Siu^ 
tuty and * cerityand Ziealfpr tKc Reformed Religion, as 4fi- 
Cerruptien * ftablilh'd id this Kingdom ; And in pAfCkular, 
ifMrnaern (hey acfcfiowk^'d thelatejOedai^ltoQ hisM^j^fty 

WILLIAM the Thirl. 3i| ^ 

had made from Ac Throne. That ht would effeBu- A, C' 
a/fy difecur4ig€ Br$pb4tnenefs and Immcraiiify\ whkfe 1/^9 8. 
chiefly, by the negie6^ and ill Exampleof tno«ia- \ "^'^ 
ny Magiftrates, were ( like a general Contagi- 
on,) dimihdj and fpread throughout the Kingdobi ; 
to the great Scandal and Reproadi of die Proce« 
ftant Religion, and to the Diflionour and Preju- 
dice of his Majefty's Government. Therefore, 
in Concurrence with his Majefty 's pious Intentions, 
They moft huoibiy deftr'd. That his Majefty 
ijtrould iflue out his Royal^ Proclaixnttion, com- 
manding all his Judges, Juftices of the Peace, andf 
other Magiftrates, to put in fpcedy cxecutjoo 
good Laws that were now in Force, agatnft 
Prophanenejs and loicnoralky ; ^(Ving duefncou- 
fajSemenr to all iudh as did their Duty theretri. 
And fince the Examples of Men in high and peM^ 
tick Scations^ ha<re a poweiful Influence tipoft ^ 
Lives of others. Thev moft humbly befon^ 
his Majefty, That all Vice, prophanendSi ^^d 
Irretigion^ might, in a particular qnnner^ be diit- 
CDurag'dm all thofe, who bad the Honour tpbe 
employed near his Royal PeHon ; and ia an o^er^ 
who were in his Maiefty's Service by Scsj or l^Md; 
And that his Majcfty would upoq ail Occafion^ir 
diftinguiih Piety and Virtue, by Marks of Ws Fa- . 
vour. They furrher belbught nis M^jcfty, tp givp 
(^Esfbial OrdcrSf for the ftimrej^og alt perpiaous 
Books and Pamphlets^ wbiCDj|:pntgin'd impious 
Dod^rines againft the Holy Trinity, atid other 
Fundamental Articles of the Proreftatit Faith, fen- 
d^g to the Subversion of the Chriftian Reli|;ian ; 
Anid that his Maieft/s (aid Prodamatiom mi^ be 
ordered to be read at Jeaft Four Times in the Yczt, 
in aM Churches aodCbapbeK Jmmediacely after 
di^ne Service ;. And at tfce Affifes and (Jiarter- 
Seliions of thd Peace, Juft bcfprexhe 'Charge i^^i- 
«ren. Concluding, that Aiis Addre/s t^ his Maji- 
fty proceeded from djjeir Duty axr<J Zed for Ac 
Glory ^Gpd, and to the end that all their Cow-^ 
fels might beWeft'd ^y his Divine Affift^ncei atirf 
«»ghc produce Hotjour, Safety and H^jpincfi, wliji 
iiU theBleAags of ii Jitfting Peace, to hU Majefty, 

y y y a : and 

3X4 The Reign cf King 

A. C. * and bis People. His Majcfty's An(wer was. Hat 

vtfjS* be could m$ bin be very weUfUai^d with an Addrefs of 

\^yf\i this liature *^ And fje wculd give immediate DireHimsih 

tbefeverstl Particulars they defir^d ; But that he could 

wifi feme more effeHual Pravijien were madCy for tlyt 

Suffrejjmg th^fe Pernicious Bool^ and PamfhUtSj which 

i VA. ^9. ebe$r Addrefs took notice, if. Noc many Days t after 

TrHimma^ was publuh'd his Majefty's Proclamation^ for Pre- 

^i0H^^fiv€Bltng and Puni(hing Immorality and Prophane- 

""y y iiefi ; And the Houfe of Lords to exprefi their Zed 

ralitf^ for lb good a Defign, prepar'd and paft a Bill for she 

^' waore effeSual Supfreffmz Atheifm^ Blaffhen^ and Pro- 

fhane^efs^ to which, aher (everal Conferiences, the 

Commons.gave their. G>ncurrence. , 

About the lame Time, by his Majefty's Eocou- 
iapement, not only the Archbifhop of Canterbstry^ 
Society foe witb ie^eral other Prelates, and eminent Divines^ 
AiRefor* bot a fireat many Devout and Pious Laicks^ united 
it^iHL*^ thcmlclves into a Society /or ^iEwi(r/0rm4/iMi ofhUn^ 
e^^'^nrs. ^j^j.^ ^ Noble, and ever to be commended Inftituti- 
on, if it was not, in a great Mealure, rendred ufeleiL 
by the Scandalous and Unwarrantable Pra&ices ot 
tnofe beggarly Informers, wdich the Society are ob- 
lig'd toemploy,for the Detefling of Vicious PeHbns: 
Tbi latl of Whilft both the King and his Parliament were en- 
l^^jl^^deavouring to fiipprefs Immorality, the Earl of Aijc- 
iMSuis ^l^^l^j to vindicate the Honpurof his Family, was 
for a Di^ forc'd to publifh the Shame of his Marriage- Bed, and 
<iwrrr« to prefer a Bill in the Houfe of Lords, to be Di- 
vorced from his Wife. Hiftory does unwillingly re- 
late the Frailties of f^utnane Nature, and with more 
. jl.eki£):ance yet, the Milchances of the Fair Sex : but 
thisTranlaaion made, a^t this time, lb much noife ia 
the World, and jave afterwards occafion to (b ma- 
ny other Bills ot the lame kind, that it cannot be 
altc^ether pad in Silence. It ieems the Lady Maeeles* 
fieliL about Ten years before, being weary of living 
IKrith the Earl's Father, under whole Care her Hus- 
band had left her, during his Abfence, bevqnd Sea, 
did retire to her Mother the Lady Mrfoffs Houfe * 
The Earl being retum'd Home, and relenting this 
Step of his La^, which (he had made without his 
Privity^ inftead of recalling her« fttfier'd her to 


WILLIAM the ThirJ. jxy 

; in a State of Separation ; during whithtr ii no A; Q 
nder fhe wag tempred to break her Matrimoaial iC^i; 
>W5, flnce her Hiisbaijd did not perform his ; and ^^l^kl 
ce we daily fee both Sexes prove unfaithful to (me 
>ther, without any julb Provocation. Hofrcyw, 
: ought to account the Lady Macclesfield yirtuoui 
the Fruits of her Amours prov'd her othervile : 
lich was towards the latter end of chc Year, i6^6,- 
len fhe wasdeliver'd ofaDaughier. The Death 
this Child, before the £>rl had heard any Thing 
the M^ter, with the Belief that this might be a 
ficient Warning againft Liberties that carried 
ch vifiblc Effei&s with them , withheld him 
>m attempting publick Satisfadion ; and mors- 
er, at the Soflicitation of his Wife's Rclatt- 
is, who undertook tor her Cpnduift, for the fu- 
rs, his Lordfliip confented to allow her roo /. 
arly, for a feparate Maintenance. This Tre^cy 
as hardly concluded, when the Earl being infonn'd 
'his Lady's being dejivcr'd of another Child, he 
)mmci)ced his Suit in the Spiritual Court, for IwM 
Divorce, as might bc'givcn by that Law.- But be- 
gdiftopointed inhisProfecution thro' the Dilatori- 
tU of Ectrlcriaflical Proceedings j His Lordfliip ap- 
ly'd himlelf lohis Peers tor aRcraedy,wiiichnoching 
it a Parliament could glye; All the Relief which 
: could expcQ: from a Sentence in DtHars Commonj^ 
:ing no more than that State of Separation, in Which 
: and ills Lady had long liv'd. He alled^d, that ic 
evident, that the Divine Law admits of Second 
larriagc; in (ifch Cafes ; and that there had beeii 
.i9;s of^Parliament tor them, as well as for BafbmlU 
ing Spurious Iffue ; That thofc Cannons wiuch 
ave Prohibited Second Marriages in like Cafe, werf 
) manifeftly an Effect of the Popijh Doi^inc of 
itnitgehtxn^ A Saerament, and or the -Avarice of 
le Court of i^iwne, to get Money for difpenfinp 
fithtbeni, that in the Reformation of EccleGafli- 
A Laws, prepar'd and intended in the Time oE 
idvurdVi. inpurfuancp of anAiS of Parliament^ 
iHniryVlU.. there was eiqircfi Liberty given, by 
lofe Canons, to marry again : which by virtue (s 
bw Ad of Parilamcni:, would have become ji gene- 

■^%6 the Vieign tf King | 

'A. C r«l Law. or at Uaft haw occafion'd one ; Tk 
1^98. whatever Objc^lioa might be againft Jucha eenol 
^Sa'^y\J Lav, from me Temptation it might give ill Peopl: 
to fttk groundlefs OiOblucions of Mai-riages ; ya a^ 
OB extraordinary Calet, luch as this was, (uchlu- 
lf*f bud be™ granted ; and where it had been iait 
e4, either the Fa£l was not fully provM, or the ?t- 
ries bad cdnabitcd, or, after the firounjds of Dlfliiii 
AioO, bad been reconciled ; That if in fuch a Cw 
curreAceofCircumfiancct, ai were !nhisCale,k 
inuft flill be thgught to have a Wife, and the CH 
^fea fhe had had, mufl; be look'd upon as hu, froi 
(hfl comnaon Prefumption, till contrary Proota 
that they were Bom within the four Seas ; be&i 
that it could not but be too great an Eocounp- 
meat to WoOKn, to make an ill ufe of a kpasi 
.Matntainanee, which it provided for in moft Miro 
aae Setdcments ; it would be a ipoft unreafotuli 
HardOiip upon him, that the ftanding Law, wlmifi 
^(ifa'd to do every Man Il%ht, fiiould by th^ ^\ 
<QUr oftbe Letter, be to himtheCaufeof thegai 
teft Wrong) And that for. hb Wife's Fault k 
ihould be defBfiv'd of the common PrifiWp 
of every Freeman in the World, to ha« n 
Heir of hiiowD Body, to Inherit what he poflffl 
tfti^ of Honour or Eftate ; Or that his only Br* 
dier ihould. l^e bis Claim to both, and havela 
Birthrijht &crific'd. to the Lady AUcelei^l'Ci'^- 
'guUrUfc. ' ' ■' ^ ... 

I While thi* Affair was depending in the Spiricna 
Ceurt^ the Lady Mwc/wftWinfiftedupoaherlaiw 
Cence, iod hef Agent»inauftriou0y(prcadaKe^ ' 
That the Earl her Husband, had heeo »■ 

r'.ifid into a private Meetiiig,, with' her ,\ (^ 
Woman of Intrigue ) at •trhidjt Time he ^ 
. licr with Child ; but this Story being caonita^ 
(be Earl's pt^tive Evidence (o t^e cQn^?;^^ 
Ladyftiip igave up that Point now^ . and only e"^ 
vour'd to make hff Husband ^* Author o| ber'M* 
carriages. She tUcdg'di ihat the Jate^rlot «* 
tk^fitldkid tum'dhcrout oTDoori_i Tbfcaem 
fcnt Earl notwithftapdii^ dw QbligatiOB; fte (» 
kid upon him, by PciitioninaKjnt?i««i'f n 
JLifc, had malicioufly feduded hcrTrom- ^r 


• WILLIAM theThirJ. 3*7. 

i : And therefore, if rhe Lords thought fit to A. C, 
this Bill ot Divorce, file demanded htr Fortune 1699. 

refunded ., bpth becauft a Divorce dijjihes the^*^'''^^, 
r Frame of the Marriafe ContraS , And becaufe it 
; the higheft Pitch oUnjufticc, that a Manwh© 
guilty of making hia Wife commit Adultery, 
Id be rewarded out of the (amc Wife's Fortune. 
i Affair occafion'd great Debates in the upper,- 
ife : Some Peer^ repreftnting the Danger cf 
iting Divorces, and others, amongft whom Dr.- 
:ef,Bi{hop oi Salisbury fpoke the loudcft, (hewing 
Necefliry and Lawfulnefe of fiich extraordinary 
ceedings, in Ibme particular Gala. Upon the 
lie Matter, the Lords pafs'd a Bill for DiJTolvit^ 
\iarriage between Charles Exrlof Macclesfield, aiU 
le his Wife, and to iS^itimdtt her Children ; buCf (Ug,_ -; 
haProvlJb, that the Earl fhould refiindher For-^S/*»V* 
e. This Bill being Cent down t totiie.Commons,AprMi. 
Parties concem'd were both heard by their Coun-* ^»rf 
j but notwithftanding the Ladjr mccUjfield'? Op- ^''V ?• 
ition, the Bill was read the Third Time, and paftf a) Tq 
houtany Amendment, on the i j-th o? March ; and^it, ^ 
ifirm'd by the Royal Aflent. wiihfome (a) oiheTs,^^M 

— -^— granting 

'tis Majefiy 148401^ Pounds^ for Disbanding Fereet, Paring 
men, aed an Ail for Exflainitig an AS fer the Relief qf the 
nr. Node, that about a Month before, vi^. on die 7th 
March Ac King ga»e bis Rtsyal Affent to an AB fer Explain^ 
; another Alt for J^ing certain Dutiei m Malt, Mam, Sveett^ 
ier and Perry ; An aS for fatisfying ArrtaTt effeveral Annui- 
mhith iHCur/d htmem the tythef May, 1696, andthe 17th 
M^ HS97. ^M Aa, riat all Rftailvrt if Salt (hall SeS by 
'eight ; An ASfw rendring the Lawt more effrSual, for Prevent' 
ithtfmpftatimofFtreign Bone Lace, Nefdli-worli, P»intand 
tf-Bwr^; 4md an Act t» prevent the Throwing and J^iring pf 
uih, Sarfenis Mnd other fire-workf. ' . - 

I the Second c^ April, i6a^. About Six Weeks aftec 
sMijeftyrettim'dto AeParliamentjandSiga'd an 
:t for laying fevertU Dutiei upon Coah andCulm ; Ano^ 
<er to txtcutt "Ju^merUi and Decrees, faved in a Claiifg 
I an Actmadf in this ^ign,for taking away the Couft$. 
4din hefore the President and Council of the Marehet of 
^dtS-jAnothtrfiir cmtinuing the Daitiei ufan Ceffie,Teai 
hostlaKtand Sficti,fir the Saiirfactim ofthi Sri/h'p^ani 

3*8 the Reign of Khg 

A. C. fftrt-Deht ; AnotJinftr the better PreventiHgthtC»< 
,1698. terf Biting and Diminijhingjhe Coin cf this Kjniik 
^^^^^Anathtr^far Determining Differences by Arbitmm 
Amtbtr fir the better Pajment of Inland Bilh »f I 
change ; Antthet to Natural iife the Children tf/udQ 
who bad been bom abread daring the fVar ; the Ptra 
^ fucb Children having been in the ■ Service of thiiG 
vemment ; Another to Repeal an Act m*de m the yf 
>r4»- c/ljMfCTi Elizabeth, /w S^flrainim Melfierifm 
making of Malt , And fcrcral private Acls, 

* n wot On the 11 ft oF Mi; a Complaint was made to it 
*^j««*ji Commons of a printed 'Book, cntitulcd,* ^fccj 
SSv^ o/Ireland'jiwiWisi<»Vi7,iajo/Pi(rjy«Bi*i«,-«Engbi 
ttmx'of ^""'<^ '■ Some Parts of which being examin'd, wl» 
Dublin by the Authority of the Parliament of England n 
Efy; denied to be Binding of Ireland ; a Committee n 
^1 DffM-theteapan appointed, to examine further into ^ 
danctf laid Pamphlet, to enquire into the Autfaor ofj 
Ireland - and aKb what Proceedings had been in Ireland, dsi 
^.j^ might occai5on the faid. Book ; And an Addrefi? 
^d n 'beKing. voted. That. his Majefty would gin^i 
jJI ' ' tedium for the Difcoveiy and Puniflwnent of*. 
The Pmk. Aiwhor. A Month ah», upon the Report offfl 
f4/«/w*/i.Cornmitc«e, it wa« unanimoufly refolvd, ' T» 
V*d. * the laid Book was of dangerous Conlequ^ce COP 

|Kiiea7. * Crown and People of England, by denying »! 

* Authority of the fCing and Parliament oiB^^I 

* to bind the Kingdom and People of Ireland, w] 

* the SuWordinatton and Dependance that /"Wi 

* has, and ought to have upon England, a^^s' 

* united and annexed to the Impend Crown wita 

* Realm ; and that a Bill, , intituled. An Aaf»», 

* better Jeeutitj of bit Majefi/t Perjm and G«^ 

* punt, tranfinitted under the Qieax. Seal of *^ , 

* whereby an Aft of Parliament made in E*^ 

* was pretended to be lif-eneSed, and 4^^^^ 

* therem made, and divers things enaanl ^ 

* pretending IQ oblige the Courts of Juflic^ *7 

* ftic Great Seal of England, "by the Authortfy «f 

; pijk Pvliameptj twd fi'ven OccaQou *nd io«* 


WILLI AM ^i&^ Third. 3x9 

ragement to the Forming and PuUiiUng the dan- A. C* 

Serous Pofitions (lontainM in the iaid Book. Four 1698. 
ays after the Commons in a Body prefented an V-^^^vNi 
Addrefi to the King. Wherein they laid before u^yfi- 
his Maj< 
been of! 
Hand to 

appeared to the Commons, not only by the bolH 
and pernicious Aflertions, in a Book publilh^d 
and dedicated to his Majefty, intituled. The Cafe 
^Ireland being bound h '^Sf of Parliament in Eng* 
land Stated ; but more Eilly and authentically. 
by the Votes and Proceedings of the HouCc ot 
Commons in Ireland^ in their late Seflions ; ^d 
whereby the foremcntioned Bill, ient hither under 
th^ Great Seal of Ireland^ whereby they would 
have an k& palled in the Parliament 01 Bnfjjland^ 
expreflv MmAvAg Ireland^ to be reenaded there, and 
Alterations therein made ; fome of which amount- 
ed to a Repeal of what is reouir^d by the laid hQ^ 
made ii| England \ an^ in other of the iaid Altera- 
tions, pretending to give Authority to, and oblige 
the Courts of Juftice and Great Seal here in £»• 
gland ; That this they could not but look on as an 
Occafion and Encouragement in the Forming and 
Publilhing the dangerous Pofitions contain'd m the 
(aid Book : That tne Confeauences of (uch Porti- 
ons and Proceedings, would be fb fatal to thif 
Kingdom, and even to Ireland it felf, that they need- 
ed not be enlar^'d on, or aggravated. Therefore^ 
they refted (atisfied that Us Majefijr by his Royal 
Prudence, would prevent their bemg drawn intQ 
Example; (btheyaflur'd his Maiefty of dieir rea- 
dy Concurrence and AiCftance, in a Parliamenta- 
ry way, to preferve and maintain the Dependance 
and Subordination of Ireland^ to the Imperial 
OrowA of this Realm. And they humbly hefouch^ 
his 'Majefty, That he would give eflfedual &. 
ders to prevent anv Thing of the like Nature fer 
the hiture, and the peniicious Conieqiiences of 
what was pafi'd^ by fHinifliing and diicountenan*^ 


T • in 


^ .t I ! 



, I 



4 I 

, .ft 







I .i 










A. C 


Hurt in 
July I. 

The Reign of Kipfg^ 

* cing thofe that had been gulltjr thereof; 

• would take all neceflaig^ Care, That the 
^ which dired: and reSrain the nrliament 
^ /4iiJ in their A6lin£s, be not evaded, but 
^ ob(erv*d; And thatne would difcourage alii 
^ which might in any Degree, iefZen the Dli 
^ dance of jy-fAu^, ^Xfoxi EngUnJU To this his] 
^ jefty's Anfwer was, TW ^ would ^s^ke Cm. 
what was c$mpUim^d «/ , might be ffe^/^CfUed snd nk 
tdj MS tbi Commons depr*d^ 

This Seflion.likewi(e, upon Complaints madeji 
die WooUen Manufa^lure was carried on la Ink 
to the great Prejudice of th^ Staple Trade in i 
g/48i, the Commons took Care to flop thePnyi 
of chat grpwing Evil. Tb^y entered upon a BiUi 
jdiat purpoie, but it terminated zf. lail: in an A<Ui 
to (he King) iiqporttng, ^ That being v-crj ieofiii 
^ that the Wealth and rower sfthis Kin^don^doij 
a great Moafure depend on the pre£rr/figifc 
WooUeo Maoofa^lure, as much as poiIth)e,aj 
jtire (6 this Realm» that they tbousbt it ixfctff 
theizi^ Uko their Anceftors, tobejeatdus oftbeti 
ftabliUiplem. and the locreate thereof el&irto/ 
and to li(e tpeir qtmpft Endeavours to prevtoti^l 
That tliey could not without Trouble obferni 
That Pif4n4% which is d^^pendant 0n, and pn*' 
^ed by England^ in the Enjoyment oiF all they faaff, 
and which is (o i>roper for the Linoen-A^^iffl^ 
Qiuxt^ the Eftablilhmeat and Grewth ol ^ 
there, would be ib cnrichpg to thesife^ra^ ^ 
(b pro&able to BniUnd. flHxdd of late ap{4y itiH 
to the Woollen MasuhM^ure, to the great P/^ 
dice of the Trade of this K^n^dom ; and fe^ 

Ely promote theLiniien Trade, which wou»^ 
both Nations. That the C^tdbofk^ 
' woiild iiec«i£we his Kfeqeity'^ l^i^ i 
of Bti^wifd 1Q imerpou^t to prevent this Mitc^ 
vnakk hi« M^y > lay his Ancharky aft4 freit y^ 
. 4ofm ihoiiikl find Meahi b fecisne the T<»^^ 
^ £i«/^iiid, t^ ttaki^ Uf Subteftt of ir^M to 

* purfoe the feftt 3fatcf eft of both fiin^AJf^ 

• \y hcrcfore they implor'd his |>lajefty'$ Projccft^ 

W ILhl AM the third. 331 

-and Favour in this Matter ; and that he would A. C. 
make it his Royal Care, and enjoin all ihofe he i (j ^g^ 
employed in Mdnd. to ufe their uimoft diligence ^.,<v-\j 
to hinder the Exportation pf Wool! from Jrelandl^ 
(except to be imported hitherj and fpr the dit 
couraging the Woollen Manufadlurcs and incou- 
raging the Lbnen Manufiwaures in Trtland ; xo 
which the Commons of EngUnd (hould always be 
ready to give Aeir utmoft AiSftance. To this 
Addrefi his Majcfty made Anfwcr, ' TTat he ihould t&, ir/„gV 
* do all that in him lay to promote the Trade ot Anjwer. 
Bfigiand, and to difa)urage the Woollen and en- 
courage the Linnen Manufa&ure in Ireland. 
Some time t)efore a Petition froni the Mayor, p^^^.^^. 
Commonalty and atizcm of the City ot Umdim' ^f ^-^^ q^^ 
derty in IreUni was prefentcd to the Commons ;a/Loi|. 
' Setting forth their early and fiogular Services af^iddoorfenrx- 
Sufetwgs on the late happy Revdution, by the 
Securing and Defence of that City, againft a long 
and cruel Seige, (which enunemly contributed to 
the deftroying the Defigns of the Enemies of ib^fe 
Kingdoms/ ^d (hewing that thereby not only the 
greateft part ofc City and Suburbs was demom]b« 
ed, or rendred ruinous/ but alfo that their Dit 
burfinents upon this QccaCon, for Fortifying, 
providing Arms and Amtaunition, raifing and fub- 
lifting Forces, and other publick Lofles, did a- 
mounttoa^ery cbnfidcrahle Sum of Money, of 
which they gave in an Account ; And that as they 
had willingW expofed ihcmfclves, and their All, . 
for the publick Intereft and Service, (o they Jiad 
patiently, thefe Eight Years, lain under their Ixjt 
fes ; in hopes at the end of the War to be confi- 
dcr'd, as they A^^W no longer I'cmain a poor ru. 
inous Spe6bu:le to all, a fcom ^ rficjr Enemi«^ 
and a Difeouragcmcnt to his Majefty's WclVaftea- 
cd Subfaas: Apd pwyiog the Comnidns to recom- 
mend Acir Cifc to Us/Msucfty, for his Royal Fa- 
VDur^ to^ider t^ their ReBcf m the Kingdom of 
^ermkl.T}^O^mncMMS^fi^^ ., , 

CdKmitte^ appmnted 10 ewmnfi dus Petition, T re- f April % 
Ufd, * That Ac AUcgwai^ cooewi^d m it were v 

. .» ♦ •- 

331 7%e Reign 9f Kimg 

A. C * true i Thit the publick Loffes, Disburfmra 
169Z. * Damages ru(tjin''d by die Inhabitants ofdut 
\„i'yr\J* were , in the faid Petition, very modn 

* computed ; That the Lofies besides, to paiti 

* and private Perfons, were very great ; And 

* tbeGovemour and Garrilbn, who thro' then 
' Sufferings and Extremities defended the P 

* did likewife dcfervc to have fo fignal a So 

* taken into Contideration ; and the laid G'ty. 

* had lb eminently Affbr*d, to have fbmc fp 

* Mark of his Majctly's Favour, for a lafting 
^ ' nument to Pofterity. All this the CommoDi 

J"!?*''- afterwards * reprefcntto his Majefty by vajd 
"* ^' drefs, ' Praying, that his Majefty would be pfc 
'ii^tittb ' ^"''^^ fonieCompcnlationto the laid City,! 
Kiit in ' * Temour, and Garrilbn, by fiich Ways and Ma 
tiMirFa. ' ^^^ '" ^ch a manner, as his Majefty io 
iMv. ' Princely Wildom fliould think fix. i "Tq wnicii 
King made Anfver, ^ That he would take ik 

* into his Confidertition, according to the Ddiii 

* the Commons. 

>a/ ffi, ' Not many days t after, the King went to i 

Jlily f . Houle of LftxAi, and having given the Roya/ ^ 

. (h) The ^toi> P 3 S''^''^ many publidt and private (b) ^ 

Publick. \ 

I. An AH ' ' ' ■ ■ ■ j 

■ for rMtJing tva MilUent, And for fettling the Trade to the Ew 
Indies, a. Ah AS for Uying further Dutiet «k fi^t VM 
FMrcbmeiu and Paper. 3. An AS fir grantir^ to bis JM^cft* 
Aid bja ffuafteriy Pall, for one Tear. 4. An Aa for iiilM 
further Suhjldy ujion Tunnave and Poundage, towards raifing » }^\ 
Sum of 700000 /. far the Civil Lift, &C. - f. An Aa f« »l 
ereafing hit Majefij'i Duties upon tufiringi and Alauudei. •! 
An AH for apfrlying to the Vfe of the t^a^ and Ordiufctj "J 
Overflut of the Money and Stores, which were previ^dM^ 
Building TfKnty feven Ships of f^ar. 7. An AH fir iW«Jf>HJ 
time fir Purchajing certain, AttHuitiel. 8. An AS ftrtbc^^ 
tvid mart orderly Payment for the l^ttery-Tick^tt. 9. AU ^^f^ 
Licenfhtg Havkf" and Pedlars, far a fiirther Prtviffon ?ifW*f] 
fir theTtanfport-Debt, for the reducing -of InhiXiA. 10, ** 
for taking away half the Dutiet'om Gt^f-H^ares^ aitdfbe ^ijrl 
J>i^ies ffn Shnt and Earthen H^aret and ttkiKCo.Pipti, WA| 

WILLIAM theJhirJ. 333 

iiig (in ISeu thereof) new Duties tifon Ff^ale-Fintii^ dnd 
ch JLimtn. II. AnAHforfTeventingAbufei in CotieHikg 
Paying the Duties upon Marriages, Birth, Bariah, Batche- 

uTid H^dQtverj. la. An A £i for the better preventing tkt 
f^elmtnt of hit Mejejiiei Stores of TVar ; at alfo the Cheats 

Abufcs in paying Seamen's ff^agcs. ij. An AH for the more 
■Ileal Jupprejfpig Blaffhemj end Prophanenefs. 14. An AH t» 
'c the Trade to Africa. I^- -^n AH for the better bieeurage' 
e of the R^ydl Luftring Company, and for the mere effeSual 
lenting the fraudulent Importation of Lufhings and Alamodet* 

/in AH for the Increafe dnd Prefervatien of Timher in the 
w-Forcft, in the Cotmty of Southampton. 1 7, An AB to 
' the conining of Half-pence and Barthings, for one Tear. iZ.An 
I for the exporting ffatches, Svtrd-Hilts, and other Manu- 
ittres of Silver, 1 9. An AB for adjujiing the proportions of fine 
ver and Silk, for the better »M*t««^ of Silver and Geld Thread: 
, An AH for raifing the Militia, for the Tear 1698. a.i. Att 
I for the enlarging the time for Regiji'ing Ships, fttrfUant to the 
i for the preventing Frauds, and regulating Abufes in the Plan- 
^ion-Trade. 12. An AH for ilx Explanation and better Exe-i 
tian of former Ails made againJlTranfptrtation eflVooU, FuU 
s-Eartb, and .Scouring Clay, aj, AndanAS to repeal the AH 
fJe the lafi Sefions of Parliameut, for Relief of Creditors, fy 
tiding Compofition with their Debtors in Cafe tvo Thirds im 
umber and lvalue did agree. 

ttold boihHoufo, *That he could txxukelezveT^ KiPg'i. 
of lb good a Parltamenc, without publickl/ ac- ^feb » 
knowledging the Scnft he bad of the great things**' ''*'■''■'■ 
they had done for his Safety ind Honour, and for"'™'* 
the Support and Welfare ot his People, Every 
one ofyour SelSons, continued he, has made good 
this Chara£ter .- The happy uniting of Us in aa 
Afllbciation, for our mutual Defence ; the Reme- 
dying the Corruption of the Coin, which had 
been fo long growing Upon the Nation; theRe- 
ftoring o* Credit, die giving Supplies in fiich %i ■ ' . 
manner for canrying on the War, as did, by God's ' , 
BleJUng, produce an honourable Peace ; and, af- 
ter that, the making fiich ProviGons fbrourCom- 
moa Security, and towards iktisfying the Debts 
contrafied in lb long a War, with as little Bur- 
dtn to the Kingdom as is ^ombU, are fiidi things 

A- C * ai will give a lalling Repucation to this I 

t69t. * ment, and »»// bt a fub/tH of Emulatim n 

^nr^' vhc fhmteme*fter. He added. That beildei a1 

* be thought himfeifpcrronaUf. obltg'd ro reti 

* Tbaiiks to the Houft.trf' Commons, for li 
' Hard liiey had had to his Honour, by tht 

* bliflnneniof hi« Revenue; That there wasn 

* he valued to much m the Efteesi and L 

* hit People; And as tot dxirCLkeo, he aroi 

* Hazanw during the War, fo bis whole 

* and Care flioutd be to improve and contii 

* theni the Advantages and BleJIiiiAs ofPeace ; 

* ciuding, by eamdUjr defiring cbcoi all, in^ 

* (everal Stations, to be vigilant in pre/erring) 

* aod good Order, and in a due ana regular Ei 

* tion of the Laws, eQ>eciaJly tbofe agaiaii I 
ttt Pjr- * P^neads aod IrreUgion. This Speech baB| 
Utriga ^^« t^ prelent PariiatDtini was prOFogu'd, tnd i 
diSUvti days after dilTc^v'd, and another SuaunpD'dtom 
Mi^MMfakrat fVeftaiiwifieT on the a4rh oi-Otipffi. 

" ' The continued AttCDtion we nave ff.vcntai 

. . long aod [CRurkable ' SelSoa of Parliaox^ ^ 

V«- madie us over-lodt fereral olh« Tranfi<2w»' 

am M*« which 'tis neccflary we ShotM bow caft batk « 

^^^ view. Ob the fth of i>c««i«- 1^97. Sirifii^ 

1^- , ■ TrumUll rcGgn'd (or to ^ak plainly, was tumi 

j«9«. out oO his place ofSwwtaty of State ; and the w 

was beftow'd on Mr. Jamat Verw>n\ wiw had w 

nerly been Secretary to the Duke df Mtma^, » 

fince 1^ RievoluEioa, chia£ Ckik to tjie Dviit i 

&hrcmtbury^ under whom he had for fewral Yo* 

gunag'd ul the Afiaiaoi hie GraoE'j Office ;('vbi^ 

bii Onace could fioc atBcndbecauleof hiitll£raK< 

Heakfa)-and was afiierwardf sdvanc'd to tbr^ 

ariOiipoftheX^MltjQftioes, lAiong^tke EiKg*)^ 

fence, whidi ^m^jaaaa. he bad dildurg'd t^ 

« ^ t .-Maiefly*8 Satis&aion. On die aift of die »■* 

?Alblni'^0JKh the King luving net^^ tesna frm ^ 

Fiuice wjth the Duke of a^^nj; b Mttrugc, his vwj 

»pm * appointed the Duka of St. A&au, oae of die u>|^ 

Ctmfli. c« the Bed-Chasdier,xo rctumthe CanpliaaU)''' 

>»att. eo ^ 27th -his Grace begaa Jm jtHimey te ^^ 


VJlhLl AM the Third.' 3jy 

!>a.y before a more remarkable Paflage afibrd- A. C 
iatter of Dilcourle y vhicb was the Earl of i6f$. 
r/anJ's refigfling the OSia of Lwd Cbamber- s,,,^«^^y 

end which v/as ocafJoa'A by the Pii\isBient,Thi Etrl 
, lb unealie to fee bun about the Kmg, tbat^/^Sunder- 
were read v to petitioaJiis &4aie%to remoreland^ >*<- 

be Earl of Clman-tf, who bad ra«ried one oftf*^ '^ 
-ord ot SunJerUnJ's Pai^htCTS, aod who <^tiig(-/ , 
iVar, had made his eftape from the Tower w/^,-,'" "^ 
fon, and fled into Fram:e, pnefiim'd, about thkn,f 'g^^i 
^ to return into E«^/aiid, both under the BeneStg/ clan- ' 
le Peace, ajid chiefly under the P/ot«Siion bccany .»p- 
e&xd from hia Fatber-in-Law. On the laft Aayprehendtd, 
Oecemlfr he arrived at Z-oit^, and weotdiredllyjan. i. 
lis Lady, who could not do lefs than tm^e bim'^* 
:\cp[ne j but he vu not s little farpriz'd the next 
wning, when inftead of a New- Years-Gift, upon 
ormation given to the Goversoicm by his own 
achcr in-Law, ihe Liocd Sjienoer, aMefengerwas 
it with a Wairam to fetch bim out of ias Bed, 
i cairry htm Prifcser to Nn^4/«, as being attaint- 
for High-Treafen. Howevw, (he EarlofSiw- 
'iami tntercedinig ibr bim, his Mit^fty coateoted 
tnfelf to booiAi ^Lord Clttumttj hit DomiuotK. 
OntheEveaf£ji>i/i&Mt]t, thrO^theCankfiidsof iWfute- 
tndre^ a Fire brdee «m «t Whitti>ait\ which halUumf 
it^ eaGly have beee eittiogulAi'd if dibfe diaij>n. 5. 
une too^^r their Help.had beeivtime^ admitted to 
t tbeir Hands to Woit 4 but the Cdurtifis, u k id- 
rays happetu wJth dwile who live in fagnrow'd 
A^u)^, being more intent to &ve tbeir <70odi, 
[lanto prderr^ bb^ fiuilding, all the Bo^ of the 
•akce, with the New-^GaUeiT, Council-Chamber, 
,nd fevo^ adjoining Apgdrtnents, wtre cBcire^ 
)urDtdown; that ^moos Piece of Anrhiicdofe, the 
Srinf)K«f')f;-ittu/>,lbr which hit M^fl^ wasibpar^ 
::(darly concerned, that be lent MeSowcr tipoa 
Meflnflrr from JC'i^mm fttf in Piefervauni, hisd- 
lyeicfl^ Ae Violence of the Flamflt 

Upontbe icchof3;«*t(«7 ifae£arl oSHafslmU ik'^'Birfif 
out on his Embafiy to Frwrre, and ia£t«v«b davif°"'*n<^ 
WBchM tbc Capital City of ^ Kiofldonii iww»B|^£ " 

^^6 The Reign $f King 

A. C Irt his way tbithcr, been received with extraordinarjr 
1^98. . CmliQrandReQ)ed: The Guns were every where 
t^^O ^^ \ Companies of Soldiers drawn up in feveral 
Places thro which he pafled, and others appointed 
for his Guard ; the Officers waited upon hisLord£hip^ 
and the Magifvatet made him their Complimencs,and 
brou^t him Prelents. Three Days after his arrival 
at Pmrisj his Excellency was magnificently enter- 
tained at Supper by the Duke de Grdmmcnt^ widi 
the MaHhais ie Viler$:f and Bcuglers^ the DuJces ot 
Valeminois^ Ckrefglfanlt and I^uetaure, Count TaiarJ^ 
whom the moft Chriftian Rmg had nam'd to the 
Embafly fJlBt^Umd^ and (everal other Perfons of 
the principal v2|u^i7 it^ France ; and the next 
day ne was admittea to a private Audience c^his 
Majefty, as aUb of the Dauphin^ the Dukes of Bur^ 
wndy^ jftymzad Berry ^ Monlieur, Madame, and the 
Dutchefr of Burgundy^ by all which Roval Pedbns be 
was feverally received with great marks of Kindnefi 
and Diftindion ; and afterwards regaled at Dinner by 
the Marqju^ de Tercy^ Secretary of State fof Foreign 
Affairs. The Duke of St. /itbans having had at the 
fame time Audience of Leave,; retum'd to London on 
the ^h ofFetnuny. It is remarkable, that his Grace 
havmg brought from Firanee esctraordinary ridi Suitis 
of Q(KUhs,both for himielf andhis Dutchefi,in which 
diey (hin'd on the Princefi ^ime of D^nnMri^'s Birth- 
iday, diie Houle of Lords being apprehenfive that their 
Example would be followed by the reft oi the La* 
dies and Courtiers, to the Advancement of the French^ - 
and rhe Detriment oitheEngii/h Manufa^res^ they 
thereupon addreft his Majefty to difcourage the wear- 
ing French Stuffs, and the Sumptuoufiiefi of Apparel. 
nt Esrl of On the ayth of febrtutry the Earl of Portland made 
Pcyrtland bis Publick Entry, with fiich extraordinary Splen- 
nfskes hit dor, ashad never been feen at the Court oiFrdnee^ 
fukliek Hnce the Duke of Buckingham's Embafly, when be 
^y ^^ came to demand in Marriage for King Charles die 
%V^\ Firft, MaryHenrieta oi France. His fifccllency, (1 
5j ?** ^' mean the Earl of Portland) accompanied by the 
* ^* Lords Cavendifr^ Hajiings^ Pajion^ i^a^, and iVood^ 
ftockf ius Excellengr's Son ^ Mr. Fielding^ Col. Stan*-^ 
bope^ Mr« Cbsrlis Boyle^ Mr. Prior^ Secretary to the 


WILLIAM the Thirl 337 

iffy, and fcverdl other Eri^/iyjb Gentlemen ; and A. C. 
led by a Gendcttian gf che Horft, Twelve Pa- 1698. 
fifty lix Footmen, Twelve led Horfts, Four t^B'^ 
hes with Eight Horfes, and two Charriots with 
was received by the Duke of BoaffieTj, and cbn- 
;d" tn the Hotel rcftrv'd in Pari) for the Enter- 
leni of Foreign Anibaffador?, thro' multitudes 
►etStators, who were aftonifh'd at the Grandeur 
Opulence of the EUgHJh Nation. Two daysaf-^'*« ^'J 
\e was admitted to his firft Publick Audience.''"*™ 
:h, for a diftinguifliing mark ofHonour, he had ^tJH'' 
.is moft ChriftianMajefly'sBed-Chamber, and{J"s " 
1 within the Rails round the Bed, where the " 
g ftood, with the three Young Princes his 
ndtbns, and the Count de Thvuleufe, the Duke 
itnount,3Xi.d the M^efchal de NoaiSts, HisExceU 
zy having made his Speech in F/encb, and deli- 
*'d his Credentials, the King anfwer'd him la 
y obliging Terms, both in Relation to his Ma- 
•f and himfelf : and then his Excellency prclenC 
to the King [he BngUjh Noblemen and Gentle- " 
n of his Retinue ^ wmchbeing over^ he bad Au- 
n<:c of the Ddujihin, and the reft of the Royal 

Not only in Imitation, but by expreft Dire- '*»«*•''> 
ions, oi the King «1 France, all tbac Court '^•"'" 
ew'd the Englijh Amijaffador mofl: Angular Marks *■'"• 
Honour and Relpcft. Ortthcjd.of MarcifO.S.) 
: receiv'd a Vifit from the Prince of Conti ; and the 
me diy paid onehimlelt to the Duke of M«»w,' 
id theCount of T&Du/ou/f, whorcfurn'd itnotma< 
i" Days after. Tis obfcrvablc, That in all the Vi- 
es his Excellency made, he was attended by the 
me fptendid and numerous Equipage, which he 
ad at his Publick Entry ; And as ttie Magnificence 
f his Table was anfwerable to the Grandeur of his 
Attendance, his Excellency emertain'd daily at Din- 
lerfomePerlbnorotherof thciirfl: Rank, 

On the 1 2^ of April (O. S.) his Excellency, and 
everalofthc Noble Perlbns who always accompa- 
lied him, were entertained at Dinner by fhe Duke 
sf QHuns, at his Houft at St. Chad, and in the Af- 
eniooi hii Royal Highoefs carried ^bem in his owa 
JtZT. Coaches 

J 3 8 The Reign of King 

A. C. Coaches, to fee the Gardens. A Wedt aftat 

169I. (o Verf»illei, and (laid there Four Days, beiiq 

I--VNJ at the Hafiel de Bouilhn ; The tirft Day he wa 

» i"» £■- td by the Marcfthal de Boi^eri, who in tbe 

ttruiWd jjoon ^^nt with his Excellency into the Gardtt 

**T;f9'.' fhcw'd him the Water works. The next B 

j„ was invited to dine with Monfieur de Livry, \ 

of the King's Houfhold ; And after Dinner 

long Converiation with the King in the Gardn 

Fountains playing all that while. Onthti 

April he was encertain'd by the Duke de Betm. 

and in the Afternoon view'd the Houft of Ih 

and the Parks ; and on the iid retum'd to 

During his Excellency's ftay at Verfaillet^ thert 

pcn'd a Paffage betweefi Mr. Prior, the Secrto 

theEmbafly, and one ofthe frmch K.'in^s Oi 

that defirvej to be related ; As the latter with 1 

dance of Gvility, was leading Mr. Prior ahm 

Apamnencs, among other Coriofities, he lb 

bim thofi fine Pieces of Le Bntn, which rrjm 

-die King (^ Fricncf's Viftories; and ask'dhinii 

(her King PftlUam'i Aitions were aUb to Hcf« 

'AfiaRi- I>i< Palace? No, Sir, replied Mr. Prior; lUi 

ftrtu »f numenti ef my Majier'i Actioni are t6 be ftet'' 

Uf, Prkw. where^ hut in his oten Heufe, 

King Jwiet paft his Time very indi^r™i 
that while : for befidcs the Honours «''''*^ 
done to the Ambaflador ofthe Prinze, whopow 
his Abdicated Throne, and which could notl«' 
Alenfible Mortification to that Unfortunate Mow" 
He was inform'd, that his Excellence '"'i'*"-* 
on the Removing of Him at a fanher diftancc,ii» 
the King ol France's Prefince ; Promifing, in' 
Mafter's Name to give Him, and the Qi'^i^ 
honourable Penfion; which would eafe his moftQf 
ftisn Majefty from the greatChargehe was st'ion'* 
taining Him, and his Family ever Cncc Th^vMJ 
ken Sanftuary in his Dominions. After the Cooo* 
On ofthe late Trfaty ot Peace, where hijCffl"''!' 
tvere wholly over look d. King ?*»ie* ^"^ ju 
abfolutely abandon'd to the finifter Influencc« * 
Stars; and therefore concluding that P*'''*™'^ 
nwnd, would be eomply'd wimi hhl^p^ol 

WILLIAM the ThirJ. 339 

rcfolv'd to retire to Avignon^ and began already to A. C. 
inform himfelf, if he Could li\re conveniently there ; id^S. 
but he was agreeably furprix*d, when he heard, that ' 
the King of France^ would never give Ear to the 
Bngiifh Ambaffador's PropofeL However, to fheW 
in what an inrire Confidence and Amity he defign'd 
to live with King William^ his moft Chriftian Ma* 
|cfty, epen'd to the Earl of Portland the liibtle Pro-* 
je& of the Divifion of the Spanish Monarchy \ which 
to make his Britannick Majeity give into, without full 
pe&ing any latent SubterEige, the King of Frdnce^ 
like a good Politician, endeavoured to da^le his Eyes^ 
by the extraordinary Reception he made co his Am<^ 
bai&dor ; and by the Marks of his Efteem and A& 
fi^^on, which ne gave him by fcveral Letters; 
which Count dc TaSard confirmed by word oi 

In this Interval, the Earl of Manchfler being ar« 
riv'd at Farh in his Return to England from his Em* 
bafly to Venice^ he, and the Earl of Portland^ went to 
St. Cloud on the jth of May^ to vifit the Duke of Or^ 
leans j and in the Ev^ening to VerfaiUes^ to wait aa 
the moft Chriftian King, and were receivM at botU 
Places with great Civility and Re(pe6l. Four days 
after, both their Excellencies had the Honour to 
dine with the Dauphin at Mfudon ; and the nexc 
day the Earl of Portland , had his publick Audi-r 
ence of Leave, of the Royal Family; King M^it^ 
Ham having nam'd the Earl of Jerfy to fiicceed hlm^i 
in theC^ality of Ambaifador Extraordinary to France^ 
On the ifthoiMay his Excellency dined at rtfr/i/Z/^i 
with the Marefchal de Villerojf^ who m the A(temooa 
condu&ed him to Mtfr/i, to lee the Gardens and 
Water-works ; The next dav he went to Mcudon^ 
where he Hunted and Supp d with the Dauphin ; 
and on the lyth returned to Verf ail les^ where he had a 
private Audience of the King. The following days 
he continued to take his Leave of the Court, and oa 
the nj^h there being a Review of the Troops of the 
Houmold in the Plain ot Archers^ where the King • 
the Dauphin, the Young Princes of France , and 
divers Peribns of Qjiality were pre(ent, his Ex* 
cdlency went thither aUb^ bur would, perhaps havd 

Zzx z for 

' II . ' I 


t t 

1 1 










r if 

c : 



A. C 

f .( 

tljc Reign of King 

forbom coming it he had known that Ris%? 
and the titular P. of IVales had likewift ban 
The P. of IVales^ by his Father's Dire<£lions, 
vourM to join Converlation with the Lord Pl^i 
but the Lord Portland, his Father, kno^ng thci 
Prince's Deiign, ordered his Son to avoid Ynm, 
did himfelf aS thofe that belong'd to tfae Com 
Germdins ; tho' 'twas reported King ^amesht 
fed it to be infinuated to his Excellency, tbit' 
ver pretended to make his Lordfhip anlweral 
the ill ufige he receiv'd from him, he repr 
At this Review, King Jdmes himfelf did all be 
to engage the Lord Cavendifh^ and the other i 
Noblemen toaccoft him, but all imicated dx 
* June 4. of Portland^ who a Week * after went to Vej 
and had a private Audience of the King in \m 
ftt, where his Excellency took his laft Leave; 
did ah:erwards of the Dauj^hin, and of the Dub 
DdtchelS of Orleans^ at St. Cloud. The King 
the Earl the ufiial Prefent ot his Pi6lure fe 
Diamonds, but with this Difference, that the Sl 
were worth three times as much as thole ofa 
like Gift^. Befides this, his moft Chriftian Mjj 
.preiented him with all the Stamps and Prinsi 

f raved at the Louvre, confifting in Twelve h 
olios ; in return of which the Aihbaflador made: 
Kinga Prefent of Nineverv fine Engli/hHoria^ 
the 8th of June his Excellency left Paris, and « 
to ChantiUi, a Houfe belonging to the Prince of 
di, where he was entertain'^ in a (plendid manner,; 
the 1 1 til ; when he took leave ol his Highnefs^P 
proceeding on his Journey in his Return to Enm 
arrive at K^njington on the 19th. Thus endedti^ 
HU tiLrl iffamous Embalfy, which coft^ng PVilliam Fourfo 
t'ertland Thoufiind Pounds to little Purpofe :. It haviag to 
ijrrjw Mt wjfjiy obferv'd, That no Ambaffador was evcri»» 
Kenfing- jjondur'd, or Icfs Succefsful, than jhe Earl ofP»« 
^^^' land ; who could obtain nothing either as e 
the Removal of King James, or in Favour of ik 
thi Pirff" Proteftants of France , againft whom the Profeci 
€ution w- on, which, in many Places had been intcnuptd 
during the War, began now to rage afrefli wiiU 


gis in 




WILLIAM the ThirJ. 341 

bled Violence. As for the Earl himfclf, he was A. C. 
kr from getting aoy thing bjr his Embauy, that 1698. 
!he contrary, he found at his Return, that Mr. UOP^ 
pe/y w^hofomeTime before was created Earl of 
•marle^ had (b advantagcoufly improvM his Ab- 
3€, as to become entire Mafter of his Majefty's 
afidence. This new E^rl, ^t the King's firft co- 
ag over, was but Page' to hisMajefty, till by his 
cml Infinuatipns, he was made Mafter pf the 
>bes ; in which Place he grew fb far into hisMaje- 
^s Favour, that the Earl of Portland did every 
ay lo(e Ground in it. This Change did at firlt 
eafe the EngUJh and Dutch^ the Earl of Albemarle 
ivlng cunningly made feveral powerful Friends in 
bth Nations, who out of Envy to my Lord Port^- 
md^ were glad to fee another in his Place. However,' 
^o' the firft became now the Reigning Favourite : 
■et the latter did ever preftrve the Elteem and Af- 
je^ion of King IVUUam^ who ftill employ'd him in 
'he Management of moft foreign Affairs, and in 
what related to Scotland. 

5 On the 1 9th of March^ Count Tallard^ the French TieFrencli 
Amba{Iador arrivMin London ; and on the 28th had ani other 
^ Private Audience ot the King at Ksnfinzton. The Amh^ffom 
next Day the Baron of Simeons , Captain of the ^'''/", 
Guards of his Ekaoral Highnefs of B^v^r^, had his !^«»"^\ 
firft Publick Audience ; And the Count de Platten, ^Ncw! 
I Chamberlain to his Elei^oral Highnefs of Brun/wick^^j^^i^^^ 
had tbeiameDay his Audience of Leave of his Ma- April 4. 
Jefty. On the 4th of April the King went to New- 
market^ to take the Diverfions of Hunting, and 
Horfe-racing ; And the next Day the UniverCty of 
Cambridge p^id their Duty to his Majefty upon Oc- 
cafion of his Arrival in their Neighbourhood : being 
introduc'd by the Duke of Somerfetj their Cnancel- 
lor. The French Ambaflador followed his Majefty to 
this Place, and was not a little furpiIzM to fee the 
vaftconcourfe of Nobility and Gentry, and the great 
Sums of Money that were either won or loft there. 
Oathe i^th his Majefty retum'd to Ks^fingtm ; an4 
Ten Days after the Count de Bonde^ Ambaflador 
f^xtraordbary from Sweden made his Publick Entry 
inMoipiagi on the Occafion of the Death of th6 

Zzz 5, lat;e 

34* 7^^ R^ign of Kin^ 

A. C, late King of Sweden ; and on the 2.9th had b 
1^89, Publick Audience of the King at f^tndfor. 

J On the i6ch of Mny the l^rencb Ambaflador 
his Publick Entry, with a fine, but linall R( 
like one who came rlther for BuGnefi than for^ 
and on the 19th he had his Publick Audience 
Majefty at Win^fory where he was /pleadtdij 
tain'd at Dinner. Two Days after tl^e JSarl of 
tbefier bein^ return*d from his Embafly at J 
waited on his Majefby at Kfnfington^ and was 1 
ved with great Marks of Favour and Sftcem; 
not long after admitted into his Majefljr's } 
Council. On the 30th of Mi; the Swedijh Ami 
dor, retum'd to the Sovereign the Garter and G 
of his Majefty CA4r/« XL the King of SweJen^i 
the whole Habit, and other Enfigns of the On 
{wherewidi he had been Invefted in 1669,) j/\ 
!Wa8 done in great Ceremony at Kp^fif^ton. 

France reaped but finall Benefit&om the Peacea 
her Commerce ; which continu'd, alaK>ft as de 
as in Time of \A^ar. 'Tis true, fome Engirt 
Dutch c^mz to Bourdeauxy and I(puen^ in order to tii 
in Wine and Paper, and brought other Comind 
tics to be Sold there. But the Tariff not being rep 
lated between all the Parties ; And the Treaty ohl^ 
wV^ mentioning only, That|in relation toHoild, 
it fliould be put upon the (ame Foot, as it was agid 
in 166^ which was not yet doite ; and in refpeflci 
England, that Commiifioners appointed by M 
Kings, fliould meet in London^ three Months afe 
the Ratification, to determine all Differences; Tii; 
together with the lofs of at leaft zofer Cent, by tk 
Money, which the King of France^ to fippjy jj». 
ienr Ncceffities, had rais'd tq an extravagant Rsr; 
obliged mofl: of thofe Ships to return home, witJiott 
either Selling or Buying any Thing. Tbereupw 
the States-General^ fent Deputies to theKingof />4jwj 
to demand the Regulation ot the Tariffs purfemtitf 
the late Treaty ; But the Ti»de of HtHmidbeingbt 
left advantageous to France, than that of JfAr/i*/; 
by reafbn the Dutch ufe to import more of dieir ova 
Commodities into tfeatKingootn, than they &tp^ 
of the Growth of it &om 9ben?c i pcj t^r, on tlio 


WILLIAM the Thirl I 341 

•rary, the Bnglijh v/ttc us'd, before the War, to A. C 
vaft Sums of Money yearly into France, apt on- 1698/ 
"or Wines, Paper, Stuffs, Linncn, Hats, and V-^OTV 
:s, butalfoforabundaficeofunprofitableBawbles, 

^xirchafe of which could not be made with what 
y Imported thither of the Growth and Ma^ufa- 
re €>t England ; So the Court of France did «: 
I: reiblvc to keep up the Tariffs high as poflible, ^ 

th the Hollanders, while they defign'd to lower France 
with the Engli/h. But Monfieur P'^^^fff'^''^^'^^^^^ 
rrbnut. being <ent over hither as Comniiflirv.Gc.Jj;'^^'^ 
rral, from the moft Chriftian Ring, for Regulating ^ .^^ ^^^ 
le Commerce between the two Nations, hetoundg,j^j^j^^ 
ilupcrable Difficukies in bis Commiflion, not only„^p^^o/?. 
ecaufe of the high Duties laid by the Parliament on 
11 French Goods ; and which were already appropn- 
Lted to ftveral ufes ; But alio, becaufe the EngUfy 
lad, by this Time, learnt to make fliift without the 
Commodities of the Produft of France j. Supplying 
themlelves, for the moft part, with Wine frcrni h4- 
(y» 5/^4i», and Portugal ; with Linnen firom Hcllani^ 
and Silefia : arid with Paper, Stufi&, hats and Silks, 
by the Manufaftures of thde Goods let up in £^- 
gland, by the Proteftant French Refugees, there. , 

About this Time the King appljj'd himfelf to tbe2t^/)«|^ 
Forming the Faniily of his Illufeipus Highnefi the j/ Gtoot* 
Duke oiGlocefterj who was near entermg the Tenth »cr*s Jfti- 
year of his Age ; and who gave fuch manifeft Proofs ^ly f^rm^ 
of his forward Genius, that 'twas high Time he»^ ^ 
Ihould no lofiger be under the Direftion of Women. J^^''^^^ *J 
The Earl of Marlborough, by the Princels's Recom- ^^^ 
mendatfon, powerfully furiported by his own Merit, ^^^ g^^ 
was declared Governor to his Highnefi ; which ^^;,,„^,v 
Choice was univerfally a wlauded ; his Lordfhip^jsto Hfgi&- 
Qualifications for an Empfoyment of fo great a w/}, Junf 
Truft, being acknowledrd by every Body -, And at 19, 
the fame Time his Lordmip was Sworn of his Maje- 
fty's Privy Council. The Bifliop of Salisbury was 
appointed to be, his Highnefs's Preceptor, having uti- 
dcr him Mr. milisj Chaplain to the King, and Dr. 
hdt^ affift him m this Funftion j But as her Royal 
tiighnefs had no fliarein the Nominationof that Pr^- 
laic,fo Ak^ was not over-pleasM with it j no more than 
-■•■ ■ •' Z»2&z; 4 , the, 

344 ^' Fei^n of Kin^ 

A. C. reft oF the Nation ; Which manifcftly a 

1698. [erw«d!, when it was mpv'd in the Hou 

L/SrNJmoni, whether 3^ Scorch m»n, and a Perfo 

+ OecMn. fijch Norions of Governratnt, Cfbmc adde 

'3- "^-RionJ as the Bilhop had publifh'd in th 

Letterthathadbccncenfiir'dby that Mou£ 

lified to be near a Prince, who was Next 

liiraprire Heir ot the Crown ? J-Iowevo 

long Debate, the Affirmative carried it in J 

* that Prelate ; but with this ProTifb, tbatibc 

fliop of C4nterburj, the Eaflof Marlborough^ 

£ar] of Derfet, (bould over took his Cone 

fjave alfb Martcr of Reflefttng on the Kins'i 
, ity, that he had appointed a Qerpian Mfm 
teach his Highnefs French ; upon the Hecom 
tion of his Majeftys Houftkecper at t^ni 
whofe SiQer the Gen>^ hud Married; and tin 
of the other Perlons who were to attend the 
were Nam'd wicbouc hcr'Royal Highneis's ft 
paiion ; Not to mention, that his Highne£bi) 
the (canty Allowance of Seyen or Eight TTia 
Pounds given him; whereas double that Sum had 
granted by theCommons, in the Eftimate ofthei 
Lift, (or the Maintenance pf his Highn^'j 
3f« Dui* On the 7th of July, thelnllallatioa of the Dub 
^tievcfNe^citfile, Knight and Companion of the nioftJ 
vicXni^i ble Order of the Garter, was perform'd at /*J4 
tJZg'^lTj^^ great Splendor J and on the iSth the King j 
^X!^^clai^d in Council, that intending to go for IMm 
^ufiitti '"l * ^^tt Time, he had appointed the Archbillq 
Kfftlniid. Oi Canterbury ; the Lord Samtri, Lord Chafldil 
July l<f. of England i the Earlof P(mf«4e, LorrfPripySst 
the Uuke of Devonjhire, Lord Steward of his Miji 
fly's Houfliold; the Earl of Dorfet, the Earld' 
Marlborouri, Governor to hisHifihnelsthe Dub* 
Glecejier; the Earl of Romuy^ Lord Wfirdeo of ifc 
Cinque-Ports ; the Earl ot Orfvrd, firft Commifc 
ner of the Admiralty ; and ChfttU) Huiiigue Eiaac, j 
firftCommiiiiancrottheTreafury, to fcLotdi^! 
ftrccs of Epgland, for the Adoiimftratiofi oftbeGfr ' 
vernment during his Abfencc. FourDays airerllil 
l^^ajefty fetgajlfqr HtSaid, ast?(l(ifii \>yi ^ijadm 

ifi W \ Lhl AM the Thir J. 34Y 

iii of War under the Command orSir Cloud^j^A. C. 
^:u the next Day, late in the Evening, being Kjpg. 
a.%.a.i:ided at Oranie^Polder^ he lay that Night at l^'VNJ 
^^rdyk?^ and went from thence to the Hague. The Kin^ 
^ this Time it was declared, that bis Majefty^^»^//» 
r>r anted the Honour and Dignity of a Baron of Holland, 
itiogdom, XoChrifiopherVaneo^ ^bh^Caftle E(qi-fcJX*f- 
le Title of Lord Barnard, Baton of Barnard^Ca-^r^^ 
srx the County Palatine of Durham. Efy-lj^ 

)a;C Day before the King left England, the VtiT'uVdlhxl 
Vnt of Scotland m^t ^lI Edinburgh '^ And his Ma- nard, 
i^ C^ommiffion , conftituting Patrick^ Earl oijhe Psrli^ 
^^htnont CLord Chancellor of that Kingdom^ his 0mm of 
jjpfty's High-CommiiSoner for holding the fame, ^tland 
J read \ as Ukewife his^ Majefty's Ljetter iq the {"'^'^ Ju* 
jd Commiffioner, appointing the Vifcount Sea- v ^9* 
^, Principal Secretary of State, to be Prcfident 
gitig this S^flion, and the Lord Polworth to Sit 
Lj Vote as Lord High-Treafurer, who being both 
j>rn, and having fign'd the Afliirance and Aflbci- 
^n, took their Places in the uliial manner. This 
l^e, his Majefty's Letter to the Parliament was . 
^d, * Wherein his Majefty thank'd them for the. 
^roof? of their Loyalty apdgood Afie<9;iQntohisrt^ir/«gV 
?er(bnand povernme;nt, in the former Seflions o^utur u 
Parliament ; and aflurM them, that he defign'd lotbtm 
^ive them fiiph Encouragement upon all Occafi- 
[pns, as might ipake them find the Advantage of 
'their Faithtulnels apd Duty to him ; That he 
' was fenfible of their chearful Afliftance, during 
' the continuance of the War ; which, by the BleC 
' fing oftjod, was now ended in an honou»able 
' Peace. Moreover, his Majefty acquainted them, 
f That the pr^fent Circumrfances of Af&lrs hin- 
^ dred him fronv profef utmg hi? Defign of holding 
^ this Seflion i^ Perfbn, but that the had appointe4 
^ the of E. Marchmmt^ to repre(ent his Royal Authori- 
^ ty amoqg them ; being well fatisfied of his Abilities 

* tor difcnarging this Truft ; and having fully in-^ 

* ftmSed him to dp whatever might be neceffary 
^ for the Support of the Government, and Safety of 

* the Kingdom. That their Enemies abroad, and 
f thofe wb were difaSeded to the Qovernment at 

A, C. 

7%e Reign oj^ King 

home^were fttU ready to Jay hold on all i! 
Cunttes, for cairyin^ofi their badDdigns 
therefore his Majcfty judg\i ir abiblutely ix 
for their Prefervation, tlirit rfae Forces up 
preient Eftabliflmient fhould be cotititm» 
nc did not doubt but the)r would* provi'^p 
Supplies For maintaining them . lAh Majdi 
recommended to them the raffing Suppliesi 
good the Deficiencies of the Fund^ given \ 
mer Sefbons, for the ^ying tfie Arrears tb 
due, and repairing the Forts and GsLrrilbnyi 
The takmg efFe6hial Methods ra difcourage 
Immorality and Irreligion ^ and UnanioTri^ 
cordial Concurrence m the Difpatch of tk 
lick Affairs, that it might appear to all, they 
not unmindful of the happy Deliver2/7ce dq 
had, from the Dangers to which dieir Rd 
and Liberties were formerly ^pos'A M 
them, in the Concludon, ofhis Care co mat 
their Religion, Laws and Liberties -^ sndd 
Royal Favour and Proteftion In afl their ( 
, cerns. After this, the Lord High-Commii^ 
and the Lord Prehdent, enlarg'd tbe foafina 
jiefi ot his M^jefty's Demands, in their fe(pc& 
Speeches to the Parliament ; and then a^oam'i 
feme to the aift ; when the Parliament metag 
and appointed four G)mmittees ; one to cm 
of the Security of the Kingdom, one for Trade, 
nother for Ele^iidns, and a fourth for return// 
Anfwer to his Majcfty" s Lc^ter.^ Two days afteri 
firftofdiefe Committees baring made their S( 
port, it was Voted, That the frefent Stdnding U 
€f $his J^jngdi»n^ were necejfary to be continued \^ 

thereupon another Committee was namy, rc?^ 
Ways and M^ads to raife the rieceffary Sums n 
their SAfiftance. 

In the mean time the Scotch^India-Cmf/tnji ^^ 
veiy uneafie upon Account of the ftop put to to 
Suofcriptions by Bn^U^d^ laid open their Gtff; 
ances before the Parliament, in a Petition wbcri 
they rcpreftnied^ * That whereas the WdSm « 
* the Ring and Parlialhetit had tfcou^tfit, bvtw 

; feveraL/olemfi A^ afld Letters Patent, ofl/T* 

^^/ WILLIAM the Thirl 347 

^\, Seal of that Kingdom, to eftabli(h their A. C: 
J.^pany with fiich Powcr,Piiviledgcsand Immu- ig^g. 
1^'«, as VfTtre needful to encourage any fach New- v^^vO 
^tertaking in that Nation, and particularly to T^&eP^/j- 
^ a Toint-Stotk in (iich manner as they fliouldf/Mff/j&f 
^'ic fit ; and for that end, to enfiranchiJ(e(uchG<0«rii/ 
beigners as would become Partners with them jCwwi/ #f 
sir to enter into Treaties of Commerce with any J** Scotcli 
fi^mity with his Majcfly for that Efifea: That ;"**»f ^ 
fife of their Number who were then e^^nifted^'JJJJj^ ** 
z.hthe Management of that Affair, did think it ^^^^ 
!sft natural to make the firft OflFer of fliaring jujy'ax. 
af;ir (aid Priviledge with their Country-men, and 
^er Neighbours in BniUnd^ as living under the 
r»ne Monarchy ; and that they not only readily 
i(ibracM the Ofiter, but in Nme Days fubfcrib'd 
jfoooo l. Sterlings as the one half ot the Cap^al 
ibck then propofecl, and aSiually paid in^ the firCt 
;.urth Part thereof; part in Specie, part in B^k- \ 
li'otesy payable upon Demand. That both Hbufes 
f Parliament of EngUnd taking Umbrage at di6(e 
jVocecdings, had not only jointly addrefled his 
,»4ajefty for f ruftrating the ends of the fiid k&s , 
^t the Houfe of Commons had alfb appointed a 
i^ommittee to examifte what Methods were taken 
;or obtaiaing the (aid A<9s of Parliament for E- 
Rablifhing their Company ; who were the Sub- 
fcribers thereunto, and who were the Prombters 
and Advifers thereof; with Power to fend fop 
Perfons, Papers and Records : And that purfiiant 
thereto, the (aid Ommittee had given Orders to, 
(iiramon noi only theEwg/i/fe Sublcribers, bure- 
ven (bme Per(ons refiding then in Scothndx as by 
the (aid Addrefi, Votes of the Hou(e of Com- 
mons, afid Copy of the ^d Summons did appear r 
By all which, together, with (bme other Mea(ure$ 
then taken, their Friendis in England ^ere^ to their 
great Lofi, Di(appointment and Retardment for- 
ced t5 relinqut(n their Enterfri^e. That notmthV 
ftttbding that Diicouragement, not only moft of 
Nobiltr, Gentry, Merchants, and the whole Bod? 
' of the Royal Burroughs, had upon the Inducemettt,' 
[ mi publick Faith ci ^tfm H&iioi Parliament 


A. C. 

1 698. 

Tie Reign ofKhg 

ami Letters Patent, contributed as Advi 

railing a far more conliderable Jotnt-Srock 

any was c\rer before rais'd in the Kingdoa 

any publick Undertaking,^ or Proje6fc of Ti 

wnadbever, which made it of €0 nauch the 1 

univerfal a Concern to the Natoin ; Butthej 

alio all the promifing Hopes of Foreign /Ud, 

their Hearts could wi(h« elpecially ac Hiaii 

where the Merchsmts of tlut City cnto'd 

Contra£fc with their Deputies, to join at! 

^opooo /• Sterling with them ; till to their { 

Surprise and Lois, the Entrlijh MiniSers then^ 

under pretence o( Special Warrant fromhisl 

jelly, put a Hop therero, by giving in a Mem 

to the Senate of that City, not only dilbwniif 

Authority of the (aid kcks oi Parliament and! 

ters Patent, but alio threatning both Seoat 

Inhabitants, with the King's utmoft Dtlpld 

if th^ (hould countenance or join w^ith rbe& 

any Treaty of Trade or G^mmerce, as by Ac 

nexed Copies thereof might appear ; wbid i 

mortal they pray'd mignt, ror the better 

formation ot his Grace and the Efti 

be read! in Parliament, That after the i 

Memorial was by the Senate tranfinitted to : 

Cvmmercii or Bod^ of Merchants of that G 

they to allert their own Freedom, had adri 

ana prevaird ypgn their (the Scops) Deputiai 

Agents, who were there for the time, to op 

E^ks in the faid Merchants-Hall, where forfa 

days they fign'd confiderable Sums purliiaoci 

tl^eir laid Contraft, tho' under Condition to i 

void, if they Ihould not procure fome DeclanDOi 

from the King that might render them Sees 

from the Threatnings apd other Infinuationsoii 

tain'd in the laid MemQrirl. That as the reafc* 

ble (nay, and unqueftionable ) Pro(pe<ft whic 

they had of a power&il Aflift^nce from HMh4 

andf leveral other Places (if not ohflru^ed is a 

fore&id) had induced them to prepare a far matt 

Equipage at firft, than otherwife they would \m 

done 9 fi> the rendering thele Meafures abcNtirc 

fta^ nqt oply wca^p^'d djioir Stocj^^ fcffcn'dtW 

WILLIAM thi ThirJ. 349 

*dlc, retarded their firft Expedition, arid di- A. CX 
artned many of their Partners at Home, but i6^S.^ 
*n. llacken'd their Refolucion and Power from 1 
^lecuting^at that time, (cveral other Branches of 
^r^ign and Domcftick Trades and Improvc- 
ents, >vhich they had in view, if they bad not 
let ^w^ith fach Obftruftions and DKcouragemeots 
om time to time. That tho' their Company was 
lore immediately and lenfibly touchMin many 
Lefpe6ls by fiich Proceedings than any other, yet 
tiey humbly conceiv'd alfo, that the Honour and 
ndependency of the Nation^ as well as the Credit 
ind Authority of the Parliament, was ftruck as 
thro* their fides. That they could not as Coun- 
try-men, and in Duty to that CoUeftivc Power^ 
'which gave their Company firft a Being, but in* 
form his Grace, his Majefty's High-Commiffi- 
oner, and the Right Honourable tne Eftares of 
Parliament of the Premifes/ to the end that the 
great Council of the Nation (then aflembled) 
might do therein, as they in their profound Wit 
\ dora and Difcretion fhould think fit. That as to 

* what concerned their Company in rarticular, they 
' fhould humbly beg Leave to uiggeft farther, that 

* the Ships being then at Sea, on their intended 

* Voyage, the former Treatment which their Com« 

* pany met with in England, and dfewhere , might 

* give them juft grounds tofijfpefl:, that if either 

* thro' multiplicity of publick Affairs, or otherwife 

* howfoever, his Grace and the Right Honourable 

* the Eftates of Parliament, (hould negle£i: the td- 

* king ijrefent Notice of fiich Umbrage, the Enemies 

* of their Company would be thereby encourag'4 

* either dircdly or indirefUy to purliie their former 

* Deligns of ruining (if pofliblej all their Meaftres/ 

* Therefore they defir'd his Grace and the Eftates 

* of, Parliament, to take the Premifes into their fc* 
' rious Confideration, to vindicate their Companiei^ 

* Reputation Abroad, by fiipporting the Credit of 

* the Afts of Parliament, and Letters Patent, by 
f which the iame was eftablilhed, and wherein the 

* Honour of the Nation was fo much concerned ; 

JlTotaketfife£ittal Meaiiiresfor repairing the great 

~' ' ^ Lofs 

35 1 The Reingff of King 

▲« C. * Lofi and Damages which they had alica^j 
x^9S. * ftaio'd thro* the unwarrantable Treacmeoti' 
K^^^^SJ^ mcntioQ'd ; as well for preventing the like I 

* time to come ; and withal co continue to 

* the Priviledses and Exemptions mendonV 

* Cud A6b oiParKament, and lL.ecter5 Pat 
^ iome longer time, in coniid<?ration of tl 
^ already elap(ed without Elxecution, and 
^ Stock lying dead without Improvement, by n 

, 'f of the aforeiaid Obftrudions. 
n«Sciirch "^^ Parliament having maturely weighed 
pjjjr^ Petition, thought fitby wayof Addrefs, humtt 
awwrV Ai- wp^fent ^o hts Majefly, * That having ccnM^ 
dnfi t§ ^ keprelentation made to them by the Councill 
thi Rnig. * nmi of the G>mpany trading to Africd iodi 
Aog. s. * Jndiis^ which mention'd feveral Obftru&ioDsti 
^Y ™^^ ^*^ '^ ^^ Profecutian of/ their 7m 
particularly by a Memorial prciented to the& 
nate of Hamlmr^^ by his Majeily^s Refidetfi 
riiat City, ten^ng to leflen the Credit^ rf b 
Rights and Priviledges granted to the faid Ca 
p«iy b? an ASt of the then prefhnt PaHmm 
They therefore in an humble Duty laid before li 
Majefty the whole Nation's Concern in thitJH 
ter ; and they did moft earneftly entreat, and mol 
afliiredly expe£fc, that his Majefty in his ^op 
Wifdotn would take fiich Measures as might ei> 
fedually vindicate the Undoubted Rights aoi 
Privilcdges of the (aid Company, and fopport ik 
Credit and Intereft thereof. And as they were la 
Duty bound to return his M^efty'^s moft hatq 
Thanks for »^^e gracious Afiiirance his Mujefty had 
been pleas'd to give them of all due Encour^ 
ment, for promoting the Trade of that Kingdom') 
That fb rhcy were thereby encouraged humbly to 
recommend to the more eipecial Marks ofw 
Royal Favour, the Concern of the (aid Compao^ 
as rhar Branch of their Trade, in which they aiw 
the Nation which they repreiented, had a tof^ 
_ peculiar Intereft. 

The Company having thus engaged the Pirlif* 
ment to elpoufe their Intereft, they Seconded thfiif 
Addrels by a Petition to the £Luig| impordog, ^ VaA 



WILLIAM the Third. 3^0 

-eas the Parliament had by their Addrefi been A. C 
;'d to recommend the Concerns of the Com- i6»98. 
r to his Majcfty, for fiipporting the Credit V^-VS-/ 
Intere:ft thereof; which hacl already fiiflcr'dinri&f c^wn 
eat Meafiire, by realbn of the fiveral ^obftru- •/ ^/>«- 
ns which they had met with in the Proftcu-^^'*' ^^''* 

of their Trade, particularly by a Memorial^^?*^ ^*' 
*n into the Senate mi Hamburgh^ by his Majefty's*?^*!' 
aifters there i Thcfe encouraged them with all ** 
nility to lay before his Majcfty ; That as tne 
I Memorial was given in to the Senate ofHdm- 
Iffe in a moft (blemn and publick manner, fo 
y humbly conceived, that the Efie£^s thereof 
Lxld not be taken away, but by feme Intimation 
&de to the faid Senate, that they might enter 
CO Commerce with them as fineely andfecurely 

all refpeds as they might have done, before the 
ving in of die (aid Memorial. Thsic in confi« 
nation of the Damages (iiftain'd by the Compa- 
y, his Majefty would be pleas'd for their En- - 
suragement^ as a gracious Mark of his Royal Fa- 
Dur, to beftow upon them the two fmalleft of 

le Frigates then 13 ing ufeleis in 22rr/fi/(/74ift^ Harb- 
our ; And that in Regard of the time loft bf > 
eafon of the (aid Obftruflions, bis Majefty would * 
>e graciouily pleased to coniiaue die Priviledgef 
;ranted by AQ: of Parliament to the (aid Compa«- 
ly, oF being Cuftom free for fuch longer tirne^ 
IS his Majefty (hould think fit. This Anair ocoa- 
Ebning great Heats and Difcontents in the Parlta*- 
ment, me Lord Higb-Commillioner put z^op to 
their Proceedinjgs towards the b^imiing of Sep- 
tember^ and adjoum'd them to die a/th of N0- 


During this interval, there being a Letter &ntyf Letter^ 
'omMr. Steveufon^ the Company's Agent at Ham- f mm the' 
wrgh^ to the Court of Diredors of theTZompany onf^nte to the 
be 4thofN(w««i«', concerning the Hifwiiiiigifr Me- ^•''^ Sea- 
norial, and another of the 1 8th of die lame Month j ^^^ Secre^ 
his occafion'd another Letter from the Dtredors « ^-^ '•' 
E)f the Company to the Lord SeafieU^ Secretary of ^^^.^' ^ 
State, wherein they declared, ' That diey badby ^' 
[ Order of the Council General of their Company, 




fiuys An^ 
fwif. De- 
cemb. 13 



The RtigHofKitig 

traDfinitted the Copies of two Letters 1 
from their Company's Agent at Hamburi 
Lord(hip; upon thcreading whereof the 1 
fore, at a Meeting of the uid Council ( 
they were not a little liir prized at the C 
conlklering the many repeated Ailuranc 
had formerly by Letters and word of 
and even in Parliament, TTiat the Kingha 
orders tohisMinifter at Hanibur^h, wirh rd 
the Memorial given in to the Senate of th 
againft their Company ; But .after (omen 
thereupon, and confidering how far his Im 
frank Undertaking, when in Scotland^ as 
the Station be was in, did engage bis bch 
vours to procure the Company Juflice, and 
cate the Company's Rights in that Mam 
had ordered tnem, (the Court of Diredoi 
tranfinit the (aid Copies to his IjordOup, ^ 

EStcd his Lordfhip's Anfwer to tfiat, and 
e Petition to his Majefty, before they it: 
(bated any fiirther with relation rfacreunto. ll 
Upon the ^cretary, on December i ;• enfuin;. 
ouaintedthe (aid Court of DircStors^ byiLi 
tent to Sir John Schaw^ Preiident to the uid 
Jhdt he would takf the firft convenient Opf0rm\ 
could hdvcy to refrejent the Matter to the KJng^ ^^^ 
not yet expeS to have it, his Maiefty being very mi 
.flo/d in the Affairs of the Englifli Parliament. 

The Parliament of Ireland^ being, accordi? 
their laft Adjournment, met at Dublin^ on thei? 
of September^ the Lords Juftices addreft thcmfelw^ 
both Houfes in this manner ; My Lords and Gg^^ 
' We have called you together by his Majefty'sO^ 

• mand, as (bon as the Sealbn of^the year woUl^ 

* mil us to- do it, with your Conveniencies, W 

• very defirousto (end you thofe Bills wbi^^ 

* tranfcnitted the laft year. And which are fo" 

• Proofs of the Continuance of his Majcfty's 

* on to you, that whofoever conliders tnem, ^ 

• tho(e A6ls already. pafi'd this Parliamcnnt,^ 

* be convincM, That as you owe to W^ Mr | 
I your Deliverance and prelenc Safety, fehcW 

wit LI AM the ThirJ. . '3^ 

you (ball likewife owe cd him youir firm £ftabli(h« A^ \ ^* ^ 
ment, and future Pro^rity. . i 698. 

"^ Amongft thofe Bills, there is que for Encourage* 
inent of the Linnen iind Hempen ManuFafhires; 
At our firft meeting, we recommended to you 
that Matter, and we have now etideavour'a to 
render thi$ Bill pra6llcaUe and tileful for that ^f* 
fed, and ai filch, we now recommend it td you. 
The Settlement of this Manilfa^re will contH- 
Bute ttiuch to people in the Couhtiy^ and will be 
found much more advantageous to this Kingdom^ 
than the PVoollcn ManufaBure^ which being the ftt- 
led Staple-Trade of England^ from whence all Fo« 
teicn Markets are (iippVd, can never be encoura* 
ged here for that purpole ; whereas the Linnen and 
Hempen Manufa^res, will not only be encoura- 
ged as confiftent with the Trade of Engl^nd^ hue 
will render the Trade ^f this Kingdom ooth ufeful 
and necefTary to England. 

* We hope the great Debt due at UidfunH^ner^ \ 697; 
will be paid, by what you have formerly givea 
and defign'd for that purpole. The King has, fince 
the Peace, thought fit to fend hitbef a Part ot 
thofe Forces who ferVed abroad during all the War, 
having disbanded the greateft Part of thofe who 
ferv*d here, with a Re&lution notwithftahding to 
continue the Subfiftence to the Officers, until they 
can be otherwife provided for. His Majefty ex- 
pe£bs that you will enable him to iupport 
the Charge of the prefent Eftabliflunent, which 
fhall belaid before you. Gentlemen of the tioufe of 
Commons^ with an account of ^hat the Revenue 
producM for one year from the laid Midfummer^ 

• We muft inform you, that there hath been fo 
great Remifinefi in the Management of the pre- 
fent Poll ; that very little of that Money is yet re- 
ceived. We are 15 fenfible of the heceflity ahd ufe- 
fuIneO of the Bdnaquet^ that we have ad vancf d 
the Money neteflary to go on ^ith them, (b faft as it 
could be empl6y'd, and hope yoii will enable us to 

I finifli all thofe you fliall thuik necefiary for eafing 

Aaaa ! tKe 


dnfi u the 

the Reign of King 
the Cotfutrr m Qy vters, J^ jt or^ 4»<{ & 

Wc have taken ali Occgfions ro a^urehij ; 
of yourIU>y47 w4 Zical for his Service:^ 
judfe beft qF the CSeds q) thof^ A&nuKei 
you crafider bis M4efty's whole Conduft i 

SfT thing which cpQceraii yoy, Wc w 
Qubr 01 /ultaWc Rctyroa ofi vour Pan, b 
with you iQ hwity Ackopwlcwgments of ti 
Sngt we ^jpy under To gre^c «id Juft i^Pmi 
in earaeft Prajrexs to God for ^belong cood 
of (o glorious a Reign, & acce&ry ford 
UiUimj»Rt9fchfiChur(:h» and fpmlaftii^ 

vent of yoor Haminefi and Profper^y, 
Both Houfe? Voted Thanks^ tbeirExd 
fitf thcSf)^<ii; andtheComraonsrmreffr] 
the foUpwing Addreft : • We cbe Kn# 
^ 2ent| and BurgdTei in ^xSmasm vSk^ 
tng the Rfpre(f|)(u;ivr4 of ii People 
red to the free Exerci(e of ih^ir Rejj|iai 
free Ei»»fneat of their CiWI fli|& i 
bertiea ana Propenies hy Imi N^jeft/s 
and Conottd, arr deiiroua to Uv hmof 
€)pportunity |o «prefi iA S^xk& and Gcai 
^^»^xj^^. ^^tbofeiaeiHm^JeBtoefo 

idition to our Ha|?pine£4 
Es^ceUendei^ fth^c as his 

1^ facen pleased already to m^ icMreral oal 
AOf ^ in chii Parliam^, ) Jo there wiU M 

laid befoie ujiihis Seiilipn, wiucb nviylecWi 
firm Eftabliflwem and Projjpcrkjr for ri» i« 
Such law w^ harekmg wantea apdl wiA"^ f 
But it isxeferv'd to luaM4^'^ CklodQ«&» 
to be the A^or of them to Ufi ^ 
• We pray leave to aflure yotar EjriccUencicfc'Ji 
we (hall houtUy endeavour to eftaiWiii%/^ 
Manufadure, and to wider tic 6we «^ 
glamL a3 wella9 adfantafeoiM^otbis ^^f^, 
and that we hone to findfiKjb a Te^ 
refpea to the Woollen Tiade here, tm^^ 

maynojbeinjurioiisto&^gAiwd. Ajod^^} 
to our ucmoft Abilities, granted SoppUec # 
havehttberto with Hoowr fmom^itf. 
•d the Expencei of Affifefelfc wc W 

WILLIAM thethirl. '3^5^ 

rake ^e^ac into qis Cmfidbratkmv^ ivlmtr A» C 

s become Dact&U;and:>Lo]rai Stih)e£b. ^ . ^ ~ 
e axe tbnfiblehaw neoa&rjrtbe Erc6Hag Bar^ 
s. m^for ca&itg the Q>tmta(y of QMartcfs, aod\ 
yotir £xcBUtiutto tbe£une m^jr be poocqeded: 

i that haa M4cfl9 ma^efib^uaUjt occohretbafiT 
laltea^rgi^uc^UBi.bytfabPmiaBwnt; wot 
^ take into our Etiq^iiAr, dux>' whofe Drf^uks 
bemUanoti^ tttf pretait roUrhatkbeen fo flb5»I]t 
i, and; aofiKcsM ittC» ihe Treafiiry < And bjl 
duitful Dffkirtinatt^ wi&l continue tO|^ de^ei^et 
0»ara£br jnsuir Exorileocies liave, wkb rodUI 
ath» yqp r e ftiU f Jm at mdec eo his. hfcjefly^ oCho^ 
a Ptopb scalout for Us Missy's Sefiieice', affA 
au tsk Qiir Lof dcj to. cfe Cn^ifm of £i^Md^ 
wktekjnflke duie' m^ weowe^ and witbalt 
kQDvAfiagnieot& retam ycm E^dleoaim oui? 
ift kMmUe and bcattj^ Tbanki. Totbift Aih, 
^ thrir EndQeacifisr nckk the fiiHowitis An^ 
or. GeodBPanit TShmv me^fo $^ki$$j^ Biiifo(Jkm cf 
f^tgh 4ndt 2^941 fin hil Mtji^s Ser^e h$jhta^ At^ 
l/i^ that wo neoti9^ itwkb<ffr6^$Mi^8tUn\ dnd 
: wyt gludt, that bf nfte/htiing U P0 bis H^fefy^ 
' jfkal confirm im kim tbtge^d Of$ni9B he hatk^cfyimn 
mnHanK^ his Sewm^ uni ihe Pte/jferiiyi tf thA 

^AtAo[OB9hei\ A» (anie daj^ tbe afefem69- 1 Oa. s} 
0d Addrd&waftprqitnted; the Cotninofis Pt^ fen 
b&tkot a Kit for coobraiiiig (be^ftac^s and 
lefllons held and enjoj'd unddr the- A^ of See* 
mm and Bxpbiiatioa ; and ord)?r\t (l«uls totMC 
M^ ia foi) a MUi.fif'' immragm^ cf' Bhmtui&m 
lImfiewmmffim*ph4P tftngibm. Nine day'aHcf 
bo Comoriioa^ aMaimed t& hrice iha^ Omfid^' Oft. i^^ 
kift tbr IwMdii jurocos ^peed^, reported^ H&tft.ft 

Irthtad i» n^/4kn^; »a wbtcl^ Re(oilQti6n^ tKe 
idb mtaMiiiGtfjAjr agr«tft On tb« iTtb rf. the 
M M(»iidi, all^oripR vat SKidb, ^9^ an Addk^ 
ipefcaMd lotl^ l49t^'^ie» of t£ttt Kiifgdbm^ 

Aaaa % td 

3^6 The ReigM of iting 

K C to iiiteixeje with his Majefty , that the five Rt i 

1 698. 61 French Proteftsmts^lhtn in IreUnd^ (hould be( i 

Ky^r*^ tAs but the toe paft id the Negative. Fw 

* No^*i7*after, the Commoas read the Bm far the h 

ritj of bis KUj'efifs ^pydl Perfcn and Gwetfm 
cook particularly into chcir CTonfideratieti, tlEi 
whicn had been voted out by the majorkjp 
Voices, relating to the Hamam Catbolicl^s H 
new Chths^ and after a long Debate threw 
Bill ; but at the fime time, they appoioted 
mittee to bring in the Heads of a BiUfofn 
Eftates i^ Protejiants to come f^ Papifts, dndi 
T4ge Perfons to turn Protejianfs* On the i 
Committee ajppointed to confi^fer of Wa; 
Means for raiuiig the Supply, reported theii 
on, which was, Firft, That an Addkiotnlt 
impes'd on the Old and New Drapery of that 
dom, that (hould be exported. Freezes ex\ 
CO which the Houfe aereed ; And SecoodiT, 
a Tax bejaid on all beneficial Grants a 
and Teneoients made by his Majefly, andk 
Majefty, to which the Hou(e difagreed ; aci 

* 0& si.ftcad of it, they * afterwards refblved to faf; 

cher Tax of joooo Pounds. upon Lands, on 
;above the 90000 already impos*d upon thea. 
Bill for Levying theft Sums bein^ complcatj 
I^ords Juftices adipufb'd the Parliameo^ ^ 
took a Progrefi into the 0)untry, in ordcrto^ 
the State of fevdral Places in that Kingdos^ 

J five fiich loftruSions as they thought coiwfl| 
or the Security of the Government, and theS 
of the Subjc6l. ^ 

. Having taken a ProQ)e<Sl of what was tn# 
(his Year, in thefe three Kingdoms, ler usi^ 
tice of what was done beyond Se^ and w 
.! Attend King fPiUiam^ yfhoit Thoughts ^ot 

ploy'd about procuring and confirming the 
of Chriftendom, both bv oiediatiog a P^ 
twccti the Christians and Turks j and bj 
.againil the Pretenfions that France migb^ 
on the Death of the King oi Spain ; who f^ 
ced to a fnofl knguiihinc Omditioo. Hisi 
having affifted at the Auembly oftbcSo'^'-j 

WI L hi KM the Third. 3^7 

tand^ and that of the States General-^ and given Au- A. C.' 
dienceto feveral publick Mlnifters, particularly to I's^i. 
the Envoy of Lorrain^ who notified to his Majcfty 
the Marriage of the Duke bis Mailer with Made* 
moifelle^ Daughter to ihe Duke of Orleans^ his Maje- 
fty t went to Loo^ attended by the Earls of BJJex^^ ^ug 6 
Portland and Selkirk,, and feveral other Perfons of Jj.j^*' 
equality. He »had not been long there, before he 
was waited upon by the Count de Tallard^ a cunning 
and vigilant Minifter, who bad Orders not to fiiE 
fer his Majefty to cool upon the Propofal made by 
the King of Frame to the Earl of Portland^ of com* 
irig to an Agreenaent with his Britannick, Majelljr^ 
concerning the SuccefGon of the Crown of Spain ; 
which Overture King Pf^Ui^m bad communicated to 
his Chancellor before he left England. The Firencb 
Ambaflador having preft his Majefty for an Anfwer, 
the Earl of Portland^ by his Majefty^s Qrder, writ a 
Letter to Mr, Secretary Vemen, wherein it was mea- 
tiorfd, That Count Ti&ri/ having declar'd an Ac-Wjp^«^ij- 
comodation might be fbqnd out in relation to the ^'/'^ 
Spanijh Succeflion, his Majcfty had (bunded France fi^A -^1*^ 
upon the Conditions,which were in Subftance, That^t ^vtut 
the Eleftoral Prince of Bavi^a fliould have the"^' 
'Kingdom of Spain^ the Indies^ and the Loxp-Countries^ 
and all that depended upon the Spanijh Dominions ; 
except I4aples and Sicily, Sardinia^ the Province pt 
Guipufcoa on this fide of the Pyrenees^ Fontarabia, aad 
St. Sebajiian^ Final^ and the Places in Tufcany o£ 
which Spain ftood Poflefled, in Confideration of 
which, France was ab(blutely to renounce the Right 
it pretended to the Succeflion of Spain ; and as for 
A1//49I, it was to be given (o the Archduke Charles^ 
the Emperor's fecond Son. 

At the fame time time the King did himfelf zt-TttKin^t 
quamt my Lord Semen, by Letter, That he had l^^ur 19 
ordered Mr. Wriwn not to communicate the Propo-^^ ^♦^^ 

the, end that hit Majefiy might kl^w his LordfhipVOfU 
men upon fo important m Affair ^ which required the 
pcatefi Secucy^ and Wherein no time was to be lofi, if 

'3f8 the Reign 0f K}t^ 

A. C. ^ '^^ fi^ ^^^^ N^ona^ifnjhom/J Jrc^ carrier 

i<9C. ^^ |>utpoie, his Majdiry commanded 
X^y^^fs^J'SMUTS^ to fend him the JuU 'Powders tindet 
SeaL mtb the fi^mtes in jBlmk to treat 
Talkfid, whidi bisMajedy i^elieved mj 
fecrt$ly^ that mne hut his Lord/hip mn3 Vi 
thefe to whom bis Lorjfloif Jhouid have cat 
it^ emj^t have hgtowUdlp tfh ^ andjh tb^ 
-tlwm^Ives, w/w wwr^ to write the Pi^^krrant^ a 
"Bgmtrs might not J^mow vohat it was. And £i 
MprefitheNccdlicyofcbis Treaty, bisM 
^uainted his Chancellor, Tiaac, accorddr^ n 
A^Mcf , 'the JO'ifS ^Spain tcould not aiit-lfvet 
wf Odober^ and that the kn^ Accident m^ 
Jhim off iaefore that cime. 

JMn Vernon hmqg icnt the £arl of I 
Xiecter to 4oy LdixI Snmrs^ ff(ho -was tfaea 
J^ri^ for die fienefic oi the Medurtaal TV 
nhac Place, hisX^ordllup 4mmediate^ reOH 
iaid Letter to Mr. Vtmcmj ^nd dcBPd tilmio c 
laicatse the Contents of it to o^r Lord OTfai 
(Charles) i4omM4i^ i%ad th^ Diike of Ski 
^hichhis l^mmp^oi^ttbe h^ tpjt;tfa 
#ib< tsjt^t Commands^At the fame titw Utttj^ 
'^m, bmftriSfy hit Mof^ re^Hir*J that s't fii 
HMi^ makfib^e Sec$nt ivffimdk CBuAoa tod 
ifemon impart it to tbe Vvkci^fShKeviuiuyool^ 
Aie afterwards acquaiatod my hmd Swicrj. 

Sometime after, Mr. MotU4{gue and Mr. Seen 

iVermn goioig down to limtri^fge, tW and mjl 

S^tmrs debated this impormnt Amk^ anai 

tupw his Lordfiiip writ a Xictter to'his JUUe^i 

quaintiog him, ' That mpen the whole ^£di 

The Lord * Three things had prmc^patly occurytoleh 

Soners« f Bly^iggefted^o WsMa»efty: ^rji, Timtkl 

^^Z[^^. ' tertaimogaPrqpqfalDfthi*.Na(iua;,fe«iBdttl 

pe Atng. ^ attended with very many iil^Con^uenceip U 

* tronoh did not aS a iiaqefe Pana^'durik; 

** dbut witn tn&utmQit mc^, «n t^n 4tt4ir whe0i 
f his Glory« 4iq4 tV»& S^eiyr o(£ur^ ^^e £.hfb 
* JycQQcern^d* TJbat the Second ^ .0ofl£^^ 


VST I L LI A M the Thhl- ^$9 

s, ta^s Very ai ProCpca of whac was Ujfce to A G. 
prpen \ipoa cbt Death rf th^ King of Sf4i% in i^/ ' 
^ nothing vat dcMe previouC^ tolvacds ihe pro- ' 
^^S asaioft that Aecadbili, WUieb ieem'd |irclba- 
^ CO be very tiear ; the Kiftjg of fr4;Ktf batriog fo 
twA. a Fotce, i<^ fiioi a ReMmefi, that be >^aa m 
^oildi tion to take?6fleffi6t> of SfdiH^ before anv 
her Prince c^\M be ready to mai^e a . ftana. 
liathVs Majefty who Wal lo fierfedly inform^ 
^thc CiroiinSancsB of Parra awoad^ was the heft 
idge \lrhc^her tUa was the Cafe : But chat fqtit 
I tdated i» £&ijFl»ti» i^ wtold be wast of Duty 
ecit td giv^ his Ma|eftf this dear Accduoty l^i&^ 

nf^rfklfyj fo as ^t 4t aU po bt diffrfed ia tbt 

tb&mht (feh$friitg into € ftd9 W^r ; mt that $h4 

iemd tp be tif^dwMffMXis n a Defgj^itptHl wka^ 

mds difeeffid^ M it Msa/d Upm tbt, Qfc^ifim if 

Hm Uti Jth^kHs ^ Am ihac dns Wa$ the Ti'uih ct 

ifhe Fa£^, ilfiaH which his Majefty wMiU dem*". 

mine what lUfiltitlolia winre prdper tohftakenii 

That thit wMch nmaisiA wtecfaf^ OdoL^mikrik 

whit woidd be tfsb Conditbii. 4f Btirdpt^ if ih4 

Propofa»l took Ptace? That of this ihey l^oui^ 

i^emftltts lietk cafwblc of Jqdgiiife^ bin it feamfr 

that if tiaih wat i^ fiha ^Vvnrib bai^, &ey Wouli 

\>e entirely Maftdrs pf the tHMPi^-Trade ^ That ij 

they trere poSefleSd o{ if fmi, and tha% odier Se». 

Pons oil tba^ fide, wkettbjr Ati/nn would b^ eiuire^ 

^ ly fluitoutfiron Rdicfby Sea, or a«9fy ^Hiher Cc^ 

' ihcfce^ that Dutdiy ifG^m be of Utde Siot^ili^tioii' 

f i^diehaildlofinyPrfiwe;AildriiatiftMKkigoff 

^ i^JN^ehadPoflfeffiotiofdKMfianqf 6ai;pi/<i9^^ 

^ W^ tnahtbn^d fa the Prc^j^^ befideft th^poita 

* heti^^ ha?r m the O^mti, it did ieeAhe woul4 
^ bl^ aictfieaway of Iny^ding^ifoii^atfide^ 

* (she now M oA lie ^ oiC^idmhi. Btft tbut 
« h W^notCd^brHop^thatA-nim ^frouldquit it$ 
t Pmtndts to £1 gi^eat a Sacceffioo, witboat eon^ 
' fiAMbk Adfaocagea^ and that i!b^y were all 
f iSktA his Kftiqefty wo^dd reduce the TeFaHf a$ 
\ lowascoiddbedoQe; attdnudte tfae^ a^&r af 
I WSi » ftif Pf ?!?« Ciniumfcincca of thiapL 



3^0 the Reign cf UTiHg 

A. C * (uch as might be (bme Foundation fortbcl 
169%. * Qliiet oF Chriftendom; which, all his Sd 
^ * could not but be convimfd, vras his true 
^ Tliac if it could be brought to pa(s, that ^ 
,* might be ibme way a Gainer bj this Tntii 
^ 0D9 Aether it was by the Elei^or of Bao4rU{ 
^ was the Gainer by his Klajefty 's interpoildQ 
^ this Treaty,) his coming to an Agreemeht, t 
- the Bnglifia to fome Tr^e to the sp^^*(^ Pi 
* tions, oris any other tnanner, it would m 
^ fuUy endear his Majefty to bis Subje<^. 
^ it did not appear, in Cafe this Megotiadon ill 
^ proceed, what was to be done on hisMijel 
^ Bart, in order tp make it take place ; whette 
^ more was requir'd, than tl^t the £agi^ 


f Dutch (hould fit (till, and France it iel 

• it executed? That if it were fo, what Sod 
f ought to beeicpefled, that if %b\r their being K 
r ters, die Fnncb were (Eiccefiful, the latter 1 
.^ CtfsjSve thinfelves to theTerms if the Treat7i7d\ 

* attempt to make further Advantages otuieir S 
.^cefi? My Lord Smtrs conduced thde f 
dent and weighty Cautions by telling ihe U 
'Shot befufpo^sd his Mafefy v^ouU mot think i^H 
to nmnt Co9nmiffmers^ that were not EngUih vrj 
turaliz*d, in an Affair of this Nature. The Effl 
Orfird was for rejeAing the Propofils made t 
JFirance'^ but as for the Duke of SthrmsBurf% Opintf 
it never came to publick knowledge. (^^^ 
the Negotiation was eagerly carried on, lofem* 
that on the a9th of Auguft, (N. S J fevcial (&('* 
fore his Majefty had received the Lord Somtrss^ 
fwer, a Treaty was concluded, whereby it ff^- 

ytrfi Tna- greed, I. * That the Peace of Jixfi^ici flbouM » 
^'•/Pat. f confirm'd. IL That in Confideration of them 
tition. * Statfc of the King of Spain'% Health, and Wf 
Aug, 19. c ^^jp jhe publfck Peace, in Cafe theiaid Prf 
^- ^' ^ fliouW die without Ifiue, the Kingdoms cfl¥ 

* and 5/m7/, with the Places then depending «J^ 

• th<- Sfanifh Momrchy, fituattd on theC^wfr^ 

♦ Tufcany^ or the adjacent Iflands comprehcndtdj' 

* ddfr the Name ot Santo Stefham^ Porto Hg* 
J OrbiteUo^ Ttlamone^ Bortolo$g0y piamhim^ ^^i 


WILLI AM /*« Ti^ir^/. 361 

quiiace of final, the ProTince ofGuifnfooM^ parti- A. C. 
cularly the Towns of Fontaratm and St« Sfl^iM , 1698. 
and e(pecially the PorfPsJfair'^ and like willc aliVx^V'Sj 
Places on the^ French fide or the Pyrenees^ or the 
other Mountains ot Nitvarre, aUva %or Jtifeay^ on 
the fide of the Province ofGuifufioa, with ail the 
Ships and Gallies.and other Appurtenances belong- 
ing to the (aid Gallies, ihould be given to the 
Dauphin^ in confideration of his Right* HI. That 
the Crown of Spain and the other Kingdoms and 
Places both within and without Eurppe^ (hould 
defeend to the Ele&oral IVince of Bavaria, of 
' whom his Father, the Ele^r, was to be a Guar- 
dian and Adminiflrator till he came of Age. 
And IV. That the Dutcby of AIiVm (hould bere- 
lerved and allotted to Archduke Ch4rles, the l^in* 
peror's (econd Sod. This Treaty was to becosi- 
municated to the Emperor and the Ele6lor of S4- 
varia, by the King of Great Britain and, the States 
General, and ifthty did not agree to it. then the 
Proportion of the Party not agreeing^ Uiould re- 
main in Sequeftration, till things could be broujd^ 
to an Accommodation : And in Cafe the EleSo- 
ral Prince of Bavaria (hould come to inherit hi| 
lhare« and yet die before his Father without KTue, 
the Elector was to (iicceed him in tho(e Domini- 
ons, and bis Heir after him. Likewile the Dutchy 
of Milan, upcm the Archduke's Refu(al to accept it, 
was to be (equeftred to. and govern'd by the Prince 
of Vasidefnant ; And after him, by his Son, Prince 
Charles of Vaudement. Soon after the Conclufion of 
this Treaty, King PViliam took a review of the 
Dutch Troops near Arnbeim, and then * went to :{ell. King WiU 
to give^ a Vifit to the Duke of that Name. Here Kam^oex 
kis Majeftv was recdvM with extraordinary Re- ^J ZtU. 
ipcfls (as be had been at ^U the Places thro' which S«Pt:a^. 
he paft in his way thither) ^pd waited upon by (e- 
veral Nei^ibourbe Princesy^flliid Princefles, particu- 
larly the Eledorefi of Hanover^ widi the Ele^lorai 
Prince and the Princels &is Sifter. Mr. Stems; hi$ 
Majefty*s Envoy Extraordinary to the Ele^rj of 
Brandenbmgh, did likewiie attend the Kin^; with 

(^ettgn from tbu Fdnce; and at bi9 return to X^, 

3^6% * Th Reigm ef Khig 

^ ^ die Duke of Bitomm mxot to pat hit-AcbioM 
. ^^£* memo lo hid Maeftj^ for the Care he faati c 
^^YVof Kb Eiedonl Highaefi's Itltereft in the hteT 
fj»?'t;- 1? of Pwtirioti. 

ZL^^ WbflflrhoKiiigof J^MewoDecofingKiflgi 
l^^;^ rMiiftimoche Treatf <if Pmidon, the Mii^ 
^Spiio, Hmc6m^^\&%mB/k CbriiKao Majelly^t Amfasi 
kt»4^, watpU)iii0 anocharibtt OfGamcflt 
JrM. The OpMi ar5/Hiii^ who wasiiearllrid 
to the Rjing of the ^Mmu^ and confeqnratLy iii 
ly in the fotereftc^ tfs^ Houfe of At^jhii^i 
ieeftig (he Defigftft of the Kiag of A^^wf , i 
etrlv coActrted Mfftibret wkh Count de l&n 
Ae lAip^ftl Miiiifter, to di&pponit theln. Ski 
fiot tt&f got her Creaturo into his Oitfaolick \k 
fly's(x)und) \ butlikewUc procor'd th^ Vice4t0| 

?of tMhitmU CO bebeftoW^d oothe Pnoce oFll 
AmfiaJk ; tud the Goirer&fiiebt oiwiam on Frii 
ftor/i^m#Mrt Wh which PfkiCes had up6n min/C 
Cifiom fifiialit'd their Afie£tion and Zeal lor ( 
^trmm Idceidl. Some Uj his Nfqeftjr 4dfigfi'd 
Ittteffiade Prince amw Vice-Rof ol JNte4yr^ h 
iras MpO$^d ifi k ; and that ai tofhe Duke dEmA 
teli^ ViceRoy of N45PH k waidiOualit adWial 
to contitme him there, by Reafeo of iiig beinfa 
of tfhe moft confider able Gnmdon xjSSf^iim^ aod ddI 
bebrM of the PcofAe ; and who confeqneifttly miili 
obftrttft(!)eDefigi^ofcfaeGMuaPmy^ ifbeom 
lK>me di^uded. TtMAWascheBoftureiOffthejr/Mi^ 
Affairs imendie I^w^lrAmbaflador arriir^l at mM 
Hit Itiftroaioiia weri^, tb^ tfhe fiiw no (»offifaffit)r^ 
}riEfieatbereieei»'datMtobefiooe,fo iethek 
Succeffioft of that Kiftgdofii ufida om of d^ Dm 
pW$ Sam, he (kottld eikfea^oiirf jc loaft, 10 ^ 
dcr it from devetting on afly of Ae£fDpei^i Oil. 
drtn, on ii9lib«tt it #^ Ikrkd b; tlie W« Mit^ 
fbmene ol Fhmp IV. tbe fMfcot Rhg «f J^i 
father 1 And to addl poi^rfUl W|^ t# the Afr 
h2&jit^% rnftaioces,aod at fbe ftifie TbM^o «teiM 
tSie Ambkioti of JbmeCiiJideeir Md if}||ht ttoirf 
into Comt^iance, his ttoft CtHWaO Miftljr off^d 

$hrty Tfaou6nd of Edb belt Mcfl^ tofiteofft^ 

WILLI AM the thirJ. 3^} 

war4ttlK Fjoarierfi of C«Mfc«Mf uAl^i^vmtt'^ Aad A. C. 
fenc a cOQEdarai>le Number of his Ships of War^ i^sH* 
and Galleyj, into (everal Ports of S^'ii. The Mar- VVy 

2Ais follow'd his loftrudioiis with great Addrefi aod 
pplicatfoii : He cold chofe,^ whom he found iacU- 
ned to a^ in coacert with him, in fe important aft 
Afiair, that ehilif IV. bad exerted his Pbwer too (ar« 
to di^iiog of lusCrowa agasofi the Laws of Na- 
ture, aid meCooftitution of the Realm : That dit 
Sucaflioa lUd lawtull^ belong to his Dam^ner^ 
Chikipeiit and aoc to his Rdacioos^ four D^reeave* 
snov'd; That the DmfUn^ Son to iUrU Thn^Anc 
prdbtf ¥Mgol SfM% Sifter, had three Sons; And 

if the Sfmi^di wouU fix their Eyes upon ^ Mond 
of tbem, the Duke oiBmgftwb^ to be their King, be 
beingilillaspliaUeasWax, thef mwhtoaiH^ranidd 
bim to the Qifloms and Manners (j^ihek ilMOtir^ 
ThatifdiQr were afierleeo this OfcrturCi the Eb» 

^ral Prince of <MarA«, being pfandion to a Dauib*- 
tttotSfM^ the King of Br^itBc wwdd rather ap» 
tMOfe of htm to liicoaad in the Sfta^/b Monaichr^ 
tbanafqrof theEmpensff'sQiiidren; U^^^ »rae 
Ftfikf had often done, 10 cut off the Presetmooa of 
Foreign Princes^ Inejr wmdd chufe a Sovereign a* 
moog tbemfelves^ in which the King ciFrmtn wonU 
protbeA dhrm, moe he never kteoded to unite 
$fMi(ohis4iwaKinadom. but only to keep itfimn 
fiilUni into the Hands of the Uoufe of jli||^Mk» who 
waaalready grown coo powerful, by. her hue Con« 
quefts in tb^my. The Qpeen of if4inhx<f\ag a 
watdiful Eye upon the Frtmh Ambaflador, vmo 
madett his Sufinefi tnthwarther Defi^ in&rour 
of the Emperor, did ibon diicorer his Pra6)xies ; 
tnd therefim under Pretence that dae Air of Ms- 
)irid was injudicial so her Husband's Heakb, flie 
carried him'to ttM^ without aliowingany Foreign 
Aad)affidar to ioUow him thither. The Maryria 
JifiJ4ro$mri did quiddj peoetrate into the DeGgn of 
die Queen's loumer, and judg'd, witry rightly, that 
beiu there Me Minrifi of the King; (heniigbtca- 
% prarail with him to ratify King Phiih IV> 
WilL Hesnns coi&in'd intms Apmdienuon l^ 
pocmtd' H(sn«ip/lr*sMiigQaii»oseto Wfteoac iss- 


3<J4 ^^^ ^^^^* ^f ^^^^ 

A. C drU^mi fiippofing he was gone to Toledo be wentii 
1 698. mediately cnicher himfelf, under Pretence of aiei^ 
) Memorial^wbicb, he cave out, be had receivM bra 
his Mafter, with pohtire Orders not to commari 
cace it to any beQdes his Cathohck Majefty. Tk 
Qieen was extreamly furpriz'd at the unexpedd 
Arrival of the French Ambaflador, and causM faa 
Husband to acquaint him. That he had left tk 
Cardinal oi CorJubnj (he was one of the QiceA 
Oeatures) at Madrid^ to take Care of foreign ASui^ 
during his Abfeice, to whom he might . have ct» 
municatcd his Memorial ; and that he only an 
there to recover his Health, and not to trouble US' 
Icdf with Bufinefs. Th!s pretended Memorial was,! 
ieeois, to olfer to the King of Spain his mod Ch-r 
ftian Majefty 's AfCftance to raile the Siege of Can 
which the Q^ieen was too wife to let her Husbd 
accept} Since by that means the French would hive 
got what (he was endeavouringto prevent; I meas, 
a Footing and lntereftin'^^4f If. The Marquis //&r- 
court ^ after thi? unfiicceiiml }oumey, bethouriitbifl!* 
lelf of another Stratagem, and being returned to Mc; 
drid^ did fo powerfully work on the Ambition of 
Cardinal Portocarreroj that he engag'd him m the 
Intereft oS France. 

While thcfe Things paft in the South Parts of £§■ 
tofe^ the French were not lefi bu(ie to ftrengriKD 
themlelves towards the North, by an Alliance with 
the Crown of Sweden^ which at length was conclu- 
ded at Stcdiholm, on the 9th of Jufy^ the main Arti- 
cles of which were. L That the ancient AHiance tui 
'jtUimut renevfd between the i^ngs «/ France 4»J Sweden, thek 
hitween fJcirs and Succefiors. II. That the Aim and Intentim 
France cf this Treaty^ wat to preferve andfecitre the Comma 
^d Swc- Feaccy byfuch means asjhauid be judged mofi proper ni 
^^•- convenient. III. TbAt if it fhould be difiurb'd bj eig 
'Breach and Hafiilitiesj the two Kf^g^ would make it their 
Bufinefs to repair the fVroi^s in an amieabie xmj. IY. 
That if their Endeavours proved ineffeSuaU ^hey wuii 
jointly confider of ways to defend the J^ighis of the Comh 
try injured. V. That in Cafe any ' FrJnce or Stau 
would enter into this Treaty ^ within ayearf theyfiiould 
^ ^J^^y^i h i^e Confcnt of both Kf^s. VI That 

WILLIAM thenirl j^f 

thither the me nor thd other ^ fhouiJ fhal^e Peade dr Truce A. . C 
without comprehending the other therein. VIL TArff the \6^%. 
Articles of the Treaties formerly concluded by either of \t^i^^ 
the two with of her Kings, Princes ^r States^ Jhouldre^ 
fniin in full Force and Vigour, fo far as they Jhould no^ 
be contrary to this. VIII. That the Freedom ofCommerc^ 
between the Subjects of the two i^iigs, fhould be prefer* 
^ed as formerly. IX. In purfuance of which, aaPortt 
Cities and Provinces /hould be open to the Subjects of both. 
Crowns^ according as the Laws andCufloms (hould per* 
nut, both to fell their Commodities in thefe Places and 
buy others. X. And that this particular Treaty fhould 
continue Ten Tears, with Liberty to prolong this Term, if 
it were jud£d convenient by the two l^ngs , whs by Con* 
fent fhould have a watchful Eye upon the Means to preferve 
the Peace againfi the Danger that threatened it. It was.' 
comical to hear the FrenchMinificrs in fbreien Courts 
calk of their Mailer's Endeavours to prelcrvc the 
Tranquility of Europe, when he ftcmM the raoft for- 
ward to dillurb it, upon the 6rft News of the King 
of Spain\ Death, which was hourly Expe£led ac 
the Court of Wance ; For to fiy nothing of the Mo- 
tidns of his Land and Naval Forces, which I have al- 
ready hinted, his moft Chriftian Majefty caus'd a 
great Camp to be made at Compiegne, the Pretence c^^^^h ' 
of which was to inftru£t the Duke of Burgundy in the ^^^^ ^^ 
Art of War , but which gave no (mail Umbrage to Cq^J, 
Che Neighbouring Princes and States, who look'd piegnc. 
upon it as defign'd to make a fudden Irruption into 
the Spanijh Netherlands, However, the unexpefted 
Recovery of the King of Spain's Health, as it difip. 
pointed the Hopes of the one, fo it di(pell*d the Fears 
of the reft, at leaft for this Year. 

King H^ttiam's Journey to :2^ell, gave the Court of 
France as much Uneaiinefs, as France gave the Allies, 
by the Camp at Compiegne ; tho' 'tis moft certain 
that his Britannic fiMAjcfky had nothing in View, but 
to cement the union of the Princes of Germany, by a ^ 
Match between the King of the Romans, and the ' 
Princefiof Hanover, which was now agreed on, attd 
foon after compleared ; and by removing the Appre- 
henfions (bme Members of the Empire were under, 
©f the growing Power of the Emperor ; whidi hrs 



3^ The Raignof Kitfg^ 

i£g8. Scatei^bf puntng aibptothe Humgariam^Tiyii^ 
^^^^ had ooQticMiM tor above Fifteen Years. The Ai- 
luiea on both luia were ifldced Gonfidcrabk m NiBfr 
bcr and Screnph,, this Summer , bur yec dieiefieoi'd 
no great Dtipoutioii ia either lor A^ioo^ bift cadiec 
an incliiiattooy in the coatendiog Par cks» to, foe #i 
TreatiMjnder Aa Mediacian on die Lord Fi^ei, tk 
£jiC(^ aod Mr. C0Miers^ the OitfoA Ambafladw ; iiks 
tovards die mtddk of w%is/l arriy'd m the 1^ 
ritnpjicar BtipsJeimi \^ their good Offices got Ai 
Places tohoU Qie Cloofeseiices^to b^ betweco P^ 

^y^ f j^ doace Mouftera being to refide at Q^lmmksi^ the &(- 
Tofki. ta&Vat Afiitt^^uMm, md the Mediafioca between difi 
two Phcei k was the 7th o£ Kanemhm^hsn mrn- 
ter dcKvttcd to the Twkifi^ PleojjpotaHatf ka thePi^ 
limtnaxy Axticlea which w^e it% ^fta»ce^Tbaft ei^ 
Partjr vc&edi vel; (hpukl tetivn what he po^^ 
the toe toUowtng Dkiys were (pent in j^c^pario^ite* 
ters opoo which they were to e«teff lo Cotmov^ 
Qo die latb the tmfe^idl and T«ri^»|^ Plcaipoce^ 
riea caus'd ieveral fair Tents to he k£ up« qa th^aicf 
of the Houle appointed for the Confereaces, aad^ 
Nine ia the Morning the firft arri^d ar (he M^^ 
tor^s Lodjungji^himey the Tuirib^ ai(b repait'^i* 
boMt die lame Timic, Mi &om tbciice went t^ 
ther to the Houfe of the Conference Here ate 
miitiial Civilities, they took their PlsMS b ^ 
midft of the Tent» wlwh had four I>««^ .T 
Cinfirm^ whefoof being oppofite to oae snoiber, fervM M 
"'•^"v the Entrance oi the MedJ^ors, at»d the odier W 
Carlowit^i^ the bnperial and Tw^k^ Plenfcoteatiariefc T» 
Count of Q$Hn^h9n^ one of the Qodperor'a A8^' 
dors bad tbe Right of thetformer, and tjaefj^ 
or Chancellor of the Ottumam Port ol the hi^» 
The Mediators Secretaries^ ^oA thofe ^ ^ j^ 
perial EmbaiTy, were pbc'd behind ; ^>°4^ 
Twrki/b Secretary, f^t down before upon the ro^' 
The Conference was opon'd with thet Predotf^" 
cing of thcfe Words, Gtfd grum m buj^ ff^' 
and lafted from half an Hour rfter Tcn» tdl Tte* 
in tl)e Altemoon, whea the Mediatort and ^f 


WlLhlAU the Thinf: ''^67 

nipuemiariei went out m the ficie order u thiy j^- A. Q. 
tcr'd. The Confereocej were reoew'd, ioihcfioK nSjS- 
manner, the ibrcc (uawiag Days, with gwd Sue- i,^VV 
. leli J But feme Delntrs arifiog, about the gwin^ up 
of Ttclvlj, vd the Holy S^uldire ; die X>Uinant- 
ling of Ctmimtci, and toe iurreiidniig of aaotlKr 
Place upon the Siaei^Seti ; beMet the quitting of 
4refh, to the M^witet \ and, diiefly, about the Ke* 
»jUdoa of Umits between mr nra Emptrei; and 
the Venttuu and Turidlh Territorieii tfat Plewpo* 
teoUaries lent ExpreU^ lothdr td^StviclA*Sxtt% 
which wafted agreat deal of Time. However, ac 
length, the JmftrisUfit and faitt coocludcd dieir Part 
of the Treatr 00 the a(di ot ^Mwr^^ ifiyf. and ^.^^ 
perhaps would have done it (boner, but m. foioe &n tndmd^ 
of Compliance to the fnutuw, who (tid not Sw 
tbciri till ihc middle of the next Month- As {or 
die Aicidf) berwcm. die Qi^ at Hefeay utd tbit 
Sultan, ihcy contain'don^y a Tnice ^ Two Yeora, 
and lowi:re(()Qn agreed upon and %)'d 00 the »ftbi 
<£pttn>Atrt i^. ^oiiaPeacc tb« Empcnx' pre- 
lenr*d bii late AcquifiDoni, and vaftl; epWg'd bi« ■ 
Territorieii Tlie PWw bad tba iisportaot Piioa of 
C«MMNKirtfti)r'dtoibei9, in Its pre&Qt States with 
other Advawa^ ; Tfaa Mefetmiin were Gaia«H br 
the keeping of4r<^ J Aodtbo'tbtl^MHCuwfeen'il' 
to have Bird hardcftm thit Negwtati(m» as it Mtual 
withthoiewbo tnaketharTcnaf laft^ yctttteybad 
all the MtHtit and fevorol Futrnftet in Oaimni*, 
yielded up to them; So that upon a riduCoatpu- 
catjon it will afqxar. That the T«r<G loft tbo^bt^ 
halt of their OaraiDiaM ' 
oal Pritiiatc,vbo fagd all al 

qf Cnti, CO acknowledge 
cpopiMM the TFoabUs < 

Peace feon'd now tofaefi 

Tbe Lordi JoOiGetof OisUmL duciag Ui M«r- 
ily'sAMMKL wcM vary careful in the ^AiUw- 
ftrattoii of the Govemam i asd fading cbac tlv 
Owlit^ Trade was ftill continu'd, they put forth a 
FfQclwaatioa for Preventing the Exportation c£ 

568 tik. AeigH 6f King 

i. C. Wooll. Not many E^ajs after they ifliicd out and^ 
1698. ^^ ^^^ Foreftalling and Engroffing of Corn, 
Xy^TKj and a Third to reftrain the Exportation otthatCoin^ 
K. Willi- tnodity. On die 9th of November (O. SJ bisNb, 
em Lmub jefty aiTiv*d at the Hdgae froth Lob ; and having re- 
/«En. gulated the State of the War, for the next Year. 
|*[«1. with the States-General, he cmbark*d od the firftof 
2^p'- . Decemhtr^ on board the ff^ifftf in and Mary Yacht,and 
The r^r//. ^ g^ji ^^ ^^ ^^^ j^£ tioUand^ attended by fc7e. 

fal other Yachts, and a Squadrcm of Men of War, 

^^j^^^ ftt Sail fipqm the Coaft of tJoUand^ attended by fc7e- 

D^ ^. commanded by Sir Cloudefy Sbevelt. On the Third 

his M^efty did (afely land at Margate y and three 

KM Li^ ' Days alter, the Parliament bieitig met, purfiiant to 

iletbii a late Proclamation, his Majefty went to die Hode 

cfoyms^ff. of Peers, atid the Chancellor fignified to the Com. 

^T^^ mons, the King's Pleafiire^ that they (hould fordi- 

^**'***'* with proceed to the Choice of a fit Perfon tote 

dieir Spe^er, and prefent him to his Majefty the 

By Jay following. Thereupon the Commons retuiQ* 

ned to their Houfe, and made Choice of Sir Thm 

Unleten Baronet, to be their Speaker ; who on the 

ai^inted Day, bein^ prefented to, and appovedof 

by the King, his Majefty made a Speecn to both 

floufes, wherein he told them, ' That he had 00 

7S« King*! * doubt but they were met together, with Hears 

speech te ^ fidly diipos*d to do what was necelSury for the 

tiepariiom^ S^ey^ Houo$ir2nd Haffinefso(tlicKingdm\tfii 

mem. * ^^^ ^^ ^XL he had to ask ot them. That in or- 

' der to this^two things leem'd princiipally to requhe 

^ their Conuderation : 

* The^ one was, What Strength ought to he 
^ maintained at Sea, and what Force kept up at 

* Land for this Year ; That all he ihould obfervc to 

* to them upon this Head. v/as. That theFlourifr 

* ing of the Trade, the lupporting of Credit, ad 
^ the Qtiiet of People's Minds at Home, would de- 
^ pend upon the Opinion they had of their Seam* 

* ty ; And that to preferve to England the Weight 
*- ana Influence it had at prefent on theCounlels aod 
^ ^airs abroad, it would be requifite £tt^opf fliould 
! ie^ they would not be wanting todiemiekes. 


W I thl AM the thitd. . 3<f9 

- * That the ftcond thing he (hould mctltiOtt^ to A. C. 

* them, as of great Confequence, was the making 1(^99; 

* feme further Progrcft towards Difchafglng thc^ 

* Debts, which the Nation had Cotitrafted by rea- 

* (on of the long and expenfive War, That in this 

* the Publidc Intereft, as well as Juftice was concern* 
^ ed ; and he thought an EngUfh Parliament could 

* never make (uich a Miftake, as not to hold Sacred 

* all Parliamentary Engagements. Wherefore he ear- 

* lieftly recommended thefe Things to theHouJe of 

* CotmnonSyThzt they might provide fuch Supphes^as 

* they ihould Judge neceflary for thefe feveral Occa»* 

* fions ; And concluded, by telling both Houfe^; 

* That he. thought it would be happy, iffbmeefie* 
^ AuslI Expedient could be found ror employing the 
' Poor, wnich might tend to the great inaeafe of 

* our Manufadures, as well as to remove a heavy 

* Burden from the People. That he hop'd alfo they 

* would employ their Thoughts about ibme good 

* Bills for the Advancement of Trade, and for the 
^ further Dilcouraging of Vice and Prophanenefi; 

* Which Things, that ne had mention'd to them, be- 
^ ing of common concern, he could not but hope for 
^ Unanimity and Difpatch. 

It appears by this Speech, how deGrous King 
William was to have a good Body of Land-Forcea 
kept on Foot, as well as a good Navy maintained at 
$ea ; For tho' he had taken Meafures to fecure the 
Sfanijh Succeffion, and preferve the Tranquillity of 
Burofe'y yet he was apprehenfiVe^ that it England 
was entirely di&rm'd, it would be too creat a Temp- 
tation to the Ambition of France^ to break thro' all 
'iTrcaties and Engagements^ in order to invade the 
Monarchy of Spain. Had the late Partitiod-Treaty 
been communicated to the Parliament, they would 
perhaps, at that Time, if not abfblutely have ap« 
proved of it ; yet have been lb far under the (ame Ap- 

Srehenfidns wtth his Majclly,as to feetheNeceffity of 
€eping France within the Bounds iet her by the Peace 
of i(2/»»^t;But the FrenchKixkz having now evacuated 
mouof the Towns he was to rurreoder;The accounts 
from Madrid giving great Hopes of the King ofSfa$n''$ 
Recovery \ wd all Things having a fiuir Afpefb a« 

Bbbb broad 

370 the Reign of King 

A. C. broady the Comoioni tlioudit that Soldsen were not 

i6^% only ufelefi^ but buithciuom to the People ; and 

S.t/'^^Kj that the mamtaininjg a fUnding Army, in Time of 

' Peace^ would be an ill Example to Pofterity, and 

. ao Encouragement to a bod Prince, to encroach upon 

the Libeniei of the Subiefl. Beiides, the Country 

^ Party being much (bengtnened, not only b^ the Ad- 

t^li 4*^*^^ of tome Pcrfens highly ♦ dilattcAed ; but 

kmud ^'^^^^^ ^7 '^Oie Men of eminent Parts, who,contni- 

sTnuk^ U ^® ^^^^ Expeibtiona, had got nothing bjr the 

fi^gl Court) and dierefore dffim*d now to brin^ their A- 

Frulmm0* bilitiet , if noi to a better Market, at leaft into more 

$im* Repute, by purfuiog Popular Motions, the Com* 

ihons in a grand Committee, confider'd the Lifts of 

the Land-Forces both in EngUfh Pay, and in IreUndf 

t Decern, and after a Igng Debate t retolv'd, Thaf mM $hi l^md- 

m6. Forces in the Jl^ngitm of England, •■ Engltfli Pay^ ex- 

l^Wwca ceediug Seun Thoufmd McHj (Commffiom^ snd Urn- 

M Eo. cmmiffum Offiars ) h fortbmiih Paid and Dif- 

f^^^ handed ; That she faU Seven Tberfand Men fheuld 

^oo Atoi. ^fi ^ **' Mi/Wi li^^mal tern SubjeHi ^/Engiand ; 

^Deci^ TW the Forces inlreland^ exceeding Twehe Thonfand 

JhdtlMft ^^9 (^^ Officers included) be Ukfwife fertbvsith Dif^ 

in Ireland h^^d ; particularly (iich as were mt his M^eftfs Na- 

U laeo tural Born SuhjeHs ; And that fucb forces as fisould be 

kfft in Ireland, fhould be maimain^d by ^bat Kjnfdom : 

Aiid ordered a Bill to be brought in upon the faid Re- 

Iblutions, which was eagerly pufli'd on, and ibon 

brought to Perfedion. 

Tbele Proceedings made the King Very uneafie, 
and the Court no le6 fenlible of the faUe ftep they 
made the year before ; For had his Majefty ibew'd 
more Compliance to the Defires of the Commons, 
they weretnen not only endin'd to keep oti Foot a 

g eater Number of Troops, to wit, Twelve thou* 
id Men in England^ and lyooo in Ireland ^ but 
juroutd alio, in an Pro^bility have allow'd his^ Ma- 
jefty 's Dutch Regiment of Guards to hare ftaid in En- 
S'end^ which by this Bill was oblidg'd to go out of 
e Kingdom. However, his Maiefty, like an able 
Politician, wilelv confidering, dial rhere was no con- 
tendina with tne Commons, unlefi it were with 
Compuil^^ei west to the Parliament on Ae firft 

" Day 

W r L L I A M the Thirl 371 

tky o^Mruary, and gave his Royal Aflcntiofevc-^-^ Mi 
ral t Bills, particularly 10 that for Gr Anting an Aid 01 '*^'* 

; : u. tThc 

Bills were, An AB to prevent the Making er Seiini of Buttons 
tnadeofCloth^ Serge^ J>rugget^ or other Stuff \ An AS to Frobi^ 
bit the Exportation of any Corn, Malt, Meat, Ftaur^ Bread^ Bif^^ 
cuie, or Starch for one Tear^ and fame Private BiHi. 

800000 Pounds /or the effeBual Dishmding the Arm; : 
Upon which Occafion his Majefty ipoke to both 
Houfes in thefe Words: ^ I am come to pais this 
Bill, aflbon as I underftood it was ready lor me ; 
Tho' in our i^refent Circumfiances there apmars 
great hazard in breaking fiich a Number or the 
Troops ; and tho** I msg^t think my ielf unkindly 
ufed, that tho(e Guards, who came over with me 
to j^our Affiftance, and have conftantly attended 
me in all the A&ions wherein I have been engag'd^ 
fliould be removed from me ; yet it is my fixt Opi- 
nion. That nothing can be (b fatal to us, as that 
any Diftruft or Jealoufie fliould arife between me, 
and my Peof^e j which I muft own, would foav« 
been very unexpe&ed, after what I have underw 
taken« Ventur'd and Aded, for the ReiloriAg and 
Securing of their Liberties. 
^ r have thus plainly told you the only Reafbn 
which has induc'd me to pais this Bill ; and now I 
think my felfoblidg*d, in .di£:hargeof theTrofl: 
repoled in me, and for my oWn JufHiication, that 
no ill Coniequences may lie at my Door, to tell 
you as plainly my Judgment, That the Nation is 
left too much expos'* d. 

^ It is therefim incumbenc vtpoa you co take this 
MflHer intoyoor. (erious Coofideratioa, and effe- 
<^aily to provide itrh a Strength as is neceffary 
f or the Sa&ty of the Kitigdom,iand the Prefer va- 
> |:iion.of the Peace whochi God has gi^en us, , ' ^j, ^^ 
" ThiereupoO' thcCommona teanimouflv Votciah ^^„x Adm 
Addreli of Thanks to his* Majefty, wiiicri was prc-jrefi t$ the 
fefiCjed three Days f after by che^ whole Hooi^, and King. 
wherein they let fecch^^ How fdifibliQ'tbey wereof the Febr. a, 

Bbbb a Diffi. 

371 Thi Reign of King 

A. C. * DiflScuUicsand Labours he had liiftainM ; and the 
1699! * Hazards he bad run in refcuing their Religion 

* gave to comply with their Defircs in Parliament j 

* and laftly, affur'd him, he (hould never have Rea* 

* ion to thmk his Commons undutiful or unkind to 

* him ; but that they would always liipport his Per- 

* fon and Government againft all his Enemies.- His 
Af Kin£t Majefty , in Anfwer to this, told them .- ' He took 
Mwer. * their Addrefi very kindly ; That he was fiiUv (a- 

* tisfied of their Duty and Aflfe£^ion, and had no 
i doubt but they would alwsr/s a£): in the manner 

* diey had expeft upon this Occaiion. 

3tf Urdi Some time before the Lords being highly ftnJMe of 

Mdreft. his iA^efifs pe4t Cure and Gcodtufi tevnirds his Peo^ 

Jan. 3. fle^ exfreft ufonfe many Occajitmsj and particulariy in 

bis Sfeecb to both Honfes^ at the opening of this Parlia* 

mentj hegg*dLeave^ fywayof Addrefs^ humbly to a/-- 

Jitre his Majefty^ that as they fhduld always retain a 

iively Imfreffion oftbofe great and continued Obligations^ 

which his Majefty had laid upon this Nation to all Pofte- 

rity ifo it jhould be^upon every Oecafion^the perpetual Cart 

and Study of that Houfe^ vtith the moft :(ealous Duty^ and 

the moft grateful JffeHions imaginable^ to mal^e his 

Majefty all fuitable l^^tums within their Power. And 

at this time particularly they further ajfur^d his Majefty^ 

that tbeyjhould not fail to ufe their moft diligent En- 

deavourSjfor the aitaimt^ of thofe greUt and good Ends^ 

which his Majrfiy had been plcas*d to recommend to his 

tbt Ki»z*s Parliament. The King told the Lords, ' That he 

jirfmrf * took their Addreft very kindly, and gave them 

• his hearty Thanks ; and that they might always 

* depend upon hts Kindnefi, as he did on this A(^ 
^ iurance of theirs to him, and their Zeal for the 
publick Good. And now upon his Majeft/s Sign- 
mg the Aft for the Disbanding the Army, * The? 

'Amthr * Lords prefentcd their moft heart^ Thanks to bk 
Addrefi f * Majefty for it, and for the gracious Exprefliotis 
the King. « in his Speech, That it was his Majeftfs fixt Opinion 
F«br. <• * ^hat nothing could bet fp fatal t6 tlxm'^ as that any £>^- 
t ftruft or JeiUot^o ftmU mfo bnwew his hiajefty and 

! his 

WILLIAM thefhirJ. 37} 

* his People \ As likcwife for his great Garc and Con- A. C 

* cern for the Safety ot the Kingdom upon all Oc- 16^9^ 

* cafions, affuringhis Majefty, that at all times, iot\^/y>iJ 

* the Safety of the Kingdom, and the PrefervatipQ • 

* of the Peace, which God had given them, they 

* would Aflift and Defend his Majefty againft all 

t his Enemies both at Home and Abroad. ^ : 

The King thank'd the Lords for their Addrefs j ^g^-^ 
and finding that both Houfes concurred in thefimej^nj nwte. 
Opinion as to the Disbanding of the Arm^, his Ma- ced u 
jeRy gave effeftual Orders for reducing it, accord- 7000 Mm» 
mg to the late A61;, to the Number of Seven Thou- 
sand Men, to be maintained in England^ under th^ 
Name of Guards and Gafrilbns j But by ' ftea- 
fon that Cavalry is more Serviceable, upon any ftd- 
den Exigency, than Infantry, his Majefty took Ciarq 
to preferve more Regiments of thefirft, than of the 
latter ; I mean in re(pe6l; to the ufiial Proportion 
which is obfeivM betw^n the Number of the Hor^ 
and Foot of an Army. 

This great Refiirm eoft the King many a heaVy 
and melancholy Thought : But what touched his 
Majefty to the veiy Qpicfc, was the Neceffity be 
was under of ' fending away his Dutch Guards i A 
Regiment who had faithfully attendcxi his Perfon 
from his Cradle'; followed his Fortune every where^ . 
and to whom, beddes innumerable other i^nal Ser* 
vices, heow'd his Vi^lory at the famous Battle of 
the Boyne. With thefe his Majefty had the Utmoft^ 
and indee4,thejufteftRegret to part; And therefore rt* *V^ 
upon the 1 8ih of Mtrch he fent a Meffage by the M^f^&^ ^» 
£x>rd Hanelaugh to the Commons, not only figrfd by '^* ^*T 
his Majefty, but all of his own HW-WritingiTk fl^ 
> Wherein his Majefty was pleafed to let them^ 'S? " 

* know. That the neceffary Preparations were 

* made for tranfporting the Guards who came 
^ with him into England ; and that he intended to 
•lend theni^ away immediately, unlefi out of a 
^ Confider^tion to him, the Houfewere difpofedXo 

* find a way for continuing them longer in his Ser- 
^ vic2e, which his Majefty would take very kindly; 
Thereupon a Qpeflion was propos'd. That a day 
Ik appointed «> confider pf his Majefty'« Meffage^ 
r ^ Bbbb 3 


3 74 ^^^ Reifn §( King 

A. C. which was reieAed, and inftead o( that, they vo-« 
1 6^9. ted an Addrefi to his Majefty, wherein they repre- 
|.xVSh/ Rented, ^ That the pai&t^ the lace A& for Disband- 
Tii c$mm * ing the Army, gaye great Siitisfa£iion to the Sub- 
wmtjfd- * jeSs; andhisMajeft^'sreadineiito comply with 
drtfs tbiti* * the punSual Execution of it, would prevent all 
•*••• • Occafions of Diftruft or JealouGe between him 

* and his People* That thejr were mightily troubled 
' tliey could not comply with what he proposed in 
f his Meflage, and at the fame time have due Re- 

* gard to the Conftitution he came over to reftorc, 
f and £> often expoi'd his Royal Person to preferve ; 

* and had ib often in his Declarations promised to 
? (end all Foreign Troops that came over with 

* him back again « And lalUy, that as nothing coul^ 
^ make the Kingdom more happy, than an entire 

* Confidence between his Majefiy and his People ^ 
^ die heft way to efte<Sl it, was to truft his facred 

* Peribn with his own Subje^, who had ft> emi- 

* nentiv fignalizM themfelves in the late War, up- 
tMaieh ^ on aU Occafions. This Addrefi being t report- 
ao. ed to the Houfe, a Motion was made, and the Q^^ 

ftion put that it (hould be recomaiitte4, which ha- 

ying pa0ed in the Negative, (he (aid Addrels was 

• March • presented by the whole Hoafe to bis Majefty, 

^4* , who with a great deal of Wifdom and Moderation, 

Tae King s'^^l^ them, by way of Anfwer: * GintUmen^ I came 

ufnjwir. \ hither to reftore the antient ConfKtution of this 

^ Government : I have had all poilible Regard to i( 

^ fince my coming, and I am refelv'd, thro' the 

* Courfe of my Reign, to endeavour to preferve it 
^ entire in all the Parts of it. . I have a tuU Confi- 

* dence in the AlfeiSions of my People, and I am 
^ well aflur*d they have the fame in Me, and I will 
^ never give them jufl Caufe to alt^r this Opinion'^ 

* As to my Subjjefts, who ferv'd dufing the War, I 

* am an E!ye-witnefi of their Bravery, and of their 
^ Zeal for ray Peribn and Government^ ^nd I have 

* not been wanting to exprefi my Sen^ of this tor 
^ my Parliaments, as well as upon other QccafionsL 

* I have all the Reafon to tmft and rely upon theni 

* that a prince can have, and I am iarished there 
^ is not one Man among them cs^pahle of enters 

V . I taining 


Vflh'LlAUthenirJ. 37^ 

« ?i°S?^ a Thought, that what was propos*dinniy A. e. 

Mcfc, pr<xx;eded from any Diftruft of them, ft i<fo$. 
^ lhaltt)e -my Study, to the utmoft of my Power to i>V^ 
* perform the part of a Tuft and Good Kin<r -And 

as I will ever be Mly and nicely carefol orob- 
; fcrvingrayPromifcstoniySabjeas, fo I will not 

doubt of their tender Regards to me. This An- 
fwer tho' It pleas'd, yet was not aWe tp n^qve the 
Commons from their Rfolutions ; fe that theb«5^« Dutch 
Guards were foon alter Ship'd off for miand, which '^'"^d, re. 
occaiiond tome Murmurings among the Wella£'«™'» 
feaed, who thought it a Hardihip upon his Maieftv' H®ll««l- 
to have chem forc'd away from bun. The fatoe dav 
(I mean the »4th of \Urch) his Maieftv «»» tl2 
Royal Afl&at tofeveral tpuUick and priSeBill? <'+) T^^* 

^' Publicly 
Bills were^ 

to prevent t^e exceffwe Diftilling </ Sfirhs, ^Lm-Wru^tl 
Cem, md againft the Exfwting ofBecr*a«d j^ ZnTl ^'" 
Pr^ in Dliiller,. a. ^ Aif to enlarleZ TrLuf^'^^', 

tber Officers, in making ihi fy^ns ofhSersJttfr '^ 
Pariiament. A- An la far the CleiriTR^J^f^ I' j^Vf * 

Ij^-ft II I -J •^'"' "^^'*!L**^hfpin£.the KiverTrLf 

^^le f^ Bndgewater.. f auntdn,^-/ ,^. C^^^^l^ 

t f 

. Anac me stretghts Squadron not fiiline rill f.X 74. «.-^ 
* temper laft, was preiudlcial tr^ejJ Sef-Ttt Cm^. 
*■ ensat MifmanaffemeS- *ru ? ^■^("^' *«»<* a«»w A/. 
« »T*r'«««!:^^ r , ^'^^^ **« Q'ders made bv <*•';> **»«# 
' c .S?"°'?'"^t^of the Admiralty the mh/f*/-.- 

« ?S. S^" V ^"' ^ Commander in C^S&lf^A ■ 
smyt ia the Year i$84. till the Shi'n n..: j ^P»J I* 

37^ '^^ ^^^g^ (fKiftg 

A. C * of che (aid Ship, was very unrea(onable, and a nif- 

1^99* * applicationot the publick Money. That the Vi- 

. V^^y%^ * oualing any of bis Majefty's Ships, by others thao 

* by the Viaualers appointed for that Service, or 

* their Agents, was contrary to the Courfe of tbe 

* Navy, and might be of ill Confcquence. Thai 

* many new and unneceflary Charges had, inan^- 

* traordinary manner,been introduced into|theNavy, 

* which was a great Mi(managemeot. That iv 
^ Dedu^ons of roundage taken by the Pay-malb 
^ of the Navy for Siop-Cloaths, Dead- Men Wages, 

* Tobacco, Cheft at Chatam^ Chaplsun and Sa^^ 

* on, was without Warrant, and ought to bcac- 
^ counted for. That it was inconliftent with tlie 
.• Service of the Navy, for the^me Pcrlbntote 

* one of the Commi^ioners for executing the Office 

* of Lord High Admiral, and Treaifurer of the Na- 
^ vy at the iame time ; And that the pai£ag an/ 

* Account of Moneys imprcfi'd for the Contiflgot 
[rr f Ufes of the Navy, without regular Vouchers, « 

* fuch other Proof as the Nature of the Semcc 

* would admit, either with or without a Sign Nh- 
^ nual, was contrary to the Rules and Memods of 

* the Navy, and of dangerous Coniequence: All 

* which they begg'd Leave to lay before hisMf 

* fty , defiring that he would be |racio\i4y P^^'^ ® 
^ taJce effeSual Care that the Mifmanagementsh^ 

* in com^ain'd of, mi^t be prevented for the b* 

* ture. Thereupon his^ajcfty told the Commoos, 

That he would eon/ider their Addr^t ; That it vt$i ^ 
Sii Kings Defire that all forts of Mifn^anagemnts and hreplf^' 
'^ifrfper* tiesJhwU he frevented or rtdreji \ And tha^tbtjuiif 
te aJfurU he would take the heft Car ^ he could i»^ 
fion to the Navjf^ the right M^^uigem^it wheretf «^f 
fo great Concern to the ^ngdom. It was plaiftll^ 
this Addrcfs of the Commons was maltily levcU'^^ 

Saiftft the Earl of Orford^ who was both Trcafiuff* 
le Navy, and one qf the Lords Commi£Ioncrs ^ 
executing the Office of Lord High Admiral of Af 
land^ and who had got too much by his late Elpca^ 
on in the Mediterranean^ and done the prdeot Gj^ 
yenunent too fignal Seryiqe$, aw tP lay open to * 

VflLLlAM the Third. -377 

inquiry oifome TVellmeaning, and to the Envy of A. Q. 
many DifaffeBed Perfons, Wherefore his Lordfliip 1^99; 
ifeeing what ftorm was gathering againft him, v.>-v>^ 
thought it Prpdence to retreat, and lay down all his Th Earl §f 
places : However, Hiftory is oblig'd to do him Ju- Orford 
ftice in acquainting Pofterity, that what, he got in Uys down 
the S freights f was only by the great Prefents he re- ^'f Blaus. 
ceiv'd from the States he protefted ; for it is con- 
fclsM by his very Enemies, That a Fleet was never *• 

better taken care of, nor more timely provided, than 
that which hf, with lb much Glory, commanded j 
And withal, 'tis moft certain, that he charg'd the 
King, in his Books, with much hGper Day for every 
Man, than the ufiial Allowance of rhe Navy. 

By this time the Commons had made a great Pro- 
grete In the Bufinels of the Supply, and having fP^b. il« 
refblvM, TA4^ ijooo Msn be emplofdfora Summer 
and Winter-Guard of the Sea, for the T^ar 169Q. which 
' J f 000 Jhouldconjift of Seamen only^ (left the King un- 
der the Nojtion of Marines, (hould keep more 

^ _,- 1484015/. 

hundred eighty fourThoufind and fifteen Pounds, ^^^*^^« 
(including the eight hundred Thoufind Pounds al- j^ ^V- 
ready voted) for Disbanding and Paying oflFthe Ar**"^*5^ 
luy, providing for the Fleet, maintaining the Guards 
and Garrifbus^ and for other neceflarv Occafions ; 
to raife^ which Slim they refolv'd that an Aid of 
thret Shillings in the Pound be laid upon all Lands^ 
Penfions, Omces and Perfbnal Elftates, to be rated . 
according to the Proportion laid upon the fcveral 
Counties, Cities, Towns and Places by an A£k of 
the laft Sefiion of Parliament, for Granting to bis 
Ma^efty the like Sum of 1 4840 1 j Pounds. 

About three Weeks * after the Commons reiblv'd, « jlt^^-jl 
That Provifion be made from time to time, for ma* jg/* 
kine good the iPrihcipa,! and Intereft due on ^li fiefiiutmf 
Parliamentary Funds^^nted fince his Majefty's hsLp^to make 
t>y Accejflion to the Crown ; And particularly, that Provifi§n 
4 farther Prbvifion be made within the Year li^^fyfeverd 
for the Exchequer Bills ; That Pi-ovifionbe inzAtOebts. 
l)odi for S^curiog and Paying ofi the Principal and 
^* ^" ' '" " ■' ^ -'^ '>''■■- Jlfltereft 


394 ^^^^ Reign pfKhg 

A. C. Interefl; due on the Aid of three ShiUmgs in ik 
I ({99. Pound granted in the Year 1(97. the Duties on Pa< 
>cr^ Vellunj and Parchment; and on liich oftk 
ylalt«Tickets, as were or (hould prove deBcient , 
For Paying and Dilcharging the Arrears of the Afr 
xuiities lately charg'd on the Tunnage Duties, ami 
now on the Additional Exciie ; For (ecurmg aoi 
paying the Debt due for T ranfport-Servicc, per- 
tbnn*d at any time, (ince the beginning of the be 
t MtfCh \Yjiy . Pq|. ^ giving Haif-pay to the ComimilionOl- 

V* ficers, his Majcfty's natural Bora Subje<93 o£e»(' 

land of Horle, Dragoons, and Foot, disbanded ani 
to be disbanded, till the laid Officers (faould be (il- 
ly paid oflF, or othe^wife provided for ; For fecuiinj 
ana paying the Arrears clue to the General Qffian 
of the Aroiy, upon the Englijh EftabliflMnent ; an^ 
for lecuring and paying the Arrears of Pay aodSulv 
fiflence due to Ae Officers and Soldiers of the Amj 
iipon Ac Enpijh Eftablifiiment : But none of tbcfe 
good Refblutiqns were put in Execution thisSe&i 
Upon the Disbanding o| Ae Army, the Di&fieftj 
cd. and particularly the Pafifis^ ^ew very boUm 
infolent, which being takeA Notice of ^y the Com- 
inons, they prefcntea the following Addrefi to hi 
Majefty. ^ 
'MHt •f * We your Maje%>moft Dutiful and Loyal 5wv 
JJTcwi- * jefts, the Commons in Parliament ai8emhld> 
9mns t§ the^ ving obfeyd Ae great Concourfe to this pj 
King 4f. • of Papil^s. and other difa2e<aed Perlbns, who m 
gsinft ta^* not own'd vour Majefty. to be Lawful aodRiP' 
pifts and € {^i King of thefe Realms^ and the boldncls ttej 
dtfrnfiaid $ affume trortiyour Majefty's t^nexpeSed Clemency, 

^ your , 

even to approach near your Royal Palace^ whe^- 
^ by they may have O^portu^ies to j[«f«tratc a* 
^ tiy wicked Attempt againft your Pcribo#ofl^ 

* Safety an<(Pre(ervatioti whereof opr Religioo*^ 

* Liberties,'and the Peace 'and Welfare, twrw 

* of thefe Kingdoms, but of all Surofe^ do iftavtfj 
S great Meamre depend., ' 

WILLIAM the third. 37^ 

* And having alfo confiderM the many Plots and A. C. 
Cortfpiracics againtt your Majefty*s rerlbn and 1(199. 
Governnjent, but efpecially the late horrid intend- J^J^i^ 
tfd Aflaffination cqntriv'd and carryM on, not on- 
ly by Papifts, (whole Religion and Intereft might 
lead them to it) but even by fiich who at their 
Death (ro the great Scandal of our Religion) pro^ 
fefled and own'd themfel ves to be Members of th? 
Church of England^ which chiefly (under God) 
owes its Prefervation and Defence to your Maje- 
fty, and whdfe Doctrines are dlrfe6Uy oppolite to 
all fuch Inhumane and Treafonable Praftifes. 
' And havinc alio certain Information, that great 
Numbers of PopilhPriefts and Jefuits within thift 
Gity, and Parts adjacent, intrude themlelves into 
the preftncc of SicK and D^ing Perlbhs, with De* 
fign to prevail upon them ip th^ir Weaknefi to be 
reconciled to the Church oi^ome^ and daily enr 
deavour, to pervert and (educe from their Allegt* 
ance your Majeftjr's i^ood Subje<fts, In poiiov^ 
ing them with their Wicked and damnable Do- 
6brines and Principles, and that they have im- 

Sorted gre^t quantities of Popifh Books, to l(;eep 
chools to breed up and inftru£): Children in th^ 
Upmijh Sup^ftition and Idolatry, 
* We therefore hold our (elves obliged, for Qiiiet-; 
ing the Minds of your good Subjeas, and in Du- 
ty to your Majefty, that you will be praqioull/ 
pleasM (in order to Supprels (uch Pra(Sli(es of the 
reftlefi and notorious Enemies of your Govern- 
ment) to iflue out your Royal Proclamation, for 
removing all Papifts and others, who dilbwn youc 
M^efty's Government, from the City o£ London^ 
and Parts adjacent, according to the Laws y and 
that the Laws may be put m Execution againft. 
them in (uch manner, that their wielded Defigns 
may be effe£hially difappointed- To this Addrels 
his Majefty made t Aafwer, That he would ta^ C^^jig xingU 
iff at the Lawsjhould be put in Execution according to jptfwer. 
the Defire of the Commons : In order to which, his* Feb. u« 
Majefl^ caus'd his Royal Proclam^tioa to 1^ pub^ 
Jilhed on the ad of M^^^» 

i . : Ji -J ' « ". 1 * / / 1 '•' •■ « 

2 56 ^ The Reign of King 

k* C A Week * before, the Old Eaji India Companyi 

' fiog/ prcfented a Petition to the O)mmon8, praying 

^IL. That their Cafe might be taken into Confideraij. 

y^X^ * on i And that this Houfe would make (bme Provi- 

^5?!l^Jr* fion* that their Corporation might fubOft for the 

JJcST * Refidue of the Terra of ai Years granted by his 

Eaft-Iir * Majefty's Qiarter ; That the Payment of the five 

jjg ctnr * P?*'"^^ f^ ^^^* ^y ^^^ ^^^ A^ fo^ fettUng the 

f0y, * Trade to the EaJi-IndUs, might be fettled and ai 

^ iufted in (iich a manner, as it might not r^vasi^ 

• Burden uoon the Peciiioners; ^nd ^hatfuchftr? 
? ther Conuderations might be bad for thePecitl- 

• oners Relief, andforthe Weftrvationof the£^- 

• India Trade to England^ as (hpuld be thou^t 
» Feb.ay. * meet. TheConjmonshaviqg taken this Petition 
Bill in ^ Jt)to Confideration, ordered fa Bill to be brought ifl 
$kiir Fs' thereupon : which Bill was * reje(Sed before it came 
Tlui\ « to afccond Reading. 

RfUBed:' ' ^" *^ Fourth Day of May, the King went to die 
^^ P^iament, and having paft fuch t Bills as were rea- 

iy.fpr the Royal Aflent, he addrefl: hirnfelf to both 
[ouiles iti this manner. 
Jify Lords and Gentlemen, * At the opening this Par- 

• Kament I told you my Opinion was, That you 
jh l&V * were come together with Hearts fuUy dilpos'd to 
SfHcbt^ ^ do whap was neceffary for the Safety, Honour and 
htb Hmh * ]FIappinefi of the Kingdqm ; and having nothing 
ji/, ^ eife to recommend to you, I had Reafbn to hope 

• for Unanimity and Difpatch. 

* You have now &t |b many Months, that the 

• Sealon of the Year, as well as your particular Af- 

• f^rs, make it reafenable you fhoula have a Re- 

• cefi ; I take it for granted you have foilflhi'd all the 

• Bills which, for the prefent, you think requifite to 
jfffs pall. < he pafi'd into Laws, and I have given my Aflent 
fTo wit,« fo all you have Prefented to me, If any Thing 

fgrGrAnU - 


jeftytheSum <>{ i£fi/^oif fer Disbanding the Army, Ihr^viding^ 
the Navy, and far other neceffary Occafionk ^. An AAfir levM 
further Du^s upon Sweets^ and fir kjfening the Duticsen Vinel»\ 

WtLLlAUthe Third. 38? 

certdin L^vi-fVinej^ ff^hale-Finns, and Brandies Imported ^ And 
for the more eajie fifing the Duties upon Leather^ and for Char^ 
ging Cjnders, and for permitting the Importation if Pearl Ajhes^ 
and for preventing Abufes in the Brevping of Beer and Ale, and 
Fraiids in Importation of Tobacco i 5* An AH for the more effeSu* 
al Ciargingthe Duties upon Upd^-Salt. 4. An AS to incourage 
the Trade to Newfoundland; f. An AH to prevent the Bxporta^ 
tion of fVooU out of the I^ngdoms of Ireland and England, snta 
Foreign Parts ^ and for the Encouragement of the fVboBen Mams* 
faHuresoftheKjngdom. 6. An AH for Limiting certain Times^ 
within which fVrits of Error /hall be brought for the J^erfing Fines^ 
common ^coveries and ancient judgments. 7. An AH for I^ai" 
fing /he Militia for the Tear i S99. aliho* the Months Pay formerly 
advancd be not Repaid, 8 An AH for the better Appr^ebendsng^ 
and Punifhing Houfe^breakerSy Upbbers, and Horfe-Jiealers. %An 
AH for making BilUngigate 4 free Market, for the Sale of Fijh. 
10. An AH for continuing the AH for the more eafie Recovery of 
$mall Tithesy 11; An AH for SuppreJJing of Lotteries. 12. An 
AH for taking off the ^pnaining Duties upon Glafs-wares^ l^. Ato 
AH for making and k.^eping Navigable the fivers of Air and Cal- 
der, in the County of York. 14,, An AH to enable Pojihumous 
Children to take Eftates, as if born in their Father^s Life-time^ 
If. An AH to enable fiich Officers and Soldiers as have 
been in his Majefifs Service during the- late fVar, to exercife- 
Trades J and for Officers to account with their Soldiers. 16. 
An AH for continuing the Imprifonment of Counter, ani 
others^ for the late horrid Confpiracy to Affaffinate the Perfon 
of his Sacred Majefty, 1 7. An AH for making and kpeping the !(/«- 
ver Trent, in the^ Counties of Leicefter, Derby, and Sca&rd^' 
"Navigable. 1 8. An AH for Settling Augmentations on certain iS- 
carigesfor ever. And fevcral Private Ada. 

* {hall be found wanting for our Safety, the Sup.' 

* pore of Publlck Credit, by making good tha 
^ Faith of the Kingdom as it (lands engaged by Par* 

* liamentary Securities, and for Difcharge of the 

* Debts occafion'd by the War, or towards the 
< Advancing of Trade, the Suppreffing of Vice, and 

* the Employing of the Poor, which were all the 

* ThiMS 1 proposed to your Confideration when we 

* met mft, Icannot doubt but efFefi'ual Care \vill be 

* taken of thett next Winter ; and I wifh no Incon- 
l venience may happen in the mean time. Which 


3Sx The Reign of King 

' A. C. * doiie, the Lord Cfaancellor Prorogued the Parlia- 

1 699. * >i)^( ^ ^^ fif ft D^y of June next. 

i^^^^ Whilft the Parliament was fitting, the King whofc 

Thoughts were now employed about the Refonitt- 

Th^ T^fi*tion of Manners, (ent an Oraer to both Play-houib, 

^"HKt i'v^Impoiting, * That his Majefty being informed. That 

l!f^: , * nocwithftanding an Order made the 4th of June, 

»#Ii»i/€ j^jy by the Earl of StmderUnd, then Lord 

ihiPlL * Chamberlain of his Majefty's Houfhold, to pre- 

^hJis ^ vent the Prophancnefi and Immorality of the Stage, 

Feb* it.* Several Plays had lately been A6ied, containing 

* ^ Exprcflioos contrary to Religion, and good Mas- 

^ nert ; And whereas the Mafter of the Revels had 

^ reprdenied, that in Contempt of the laid Order, the 

^ Aoon did negleft to leave out fuch Prophane and 

* Indecent Expreflions, as he had thought proper to 

* be omitted, therefore it was his Majefty's Pleafuie, 

* That they flxnild not hereafter prefu me toad any 
^ Thing in any Play , contrary to Religion and good 

* Manners, as they Ihould anfwer at their utmoft 
^ Peril : And at the lame Time , the Mafter of the 
Revels was commanded, not to licenfe any Plays, 
containing Irreligious or Immoral Exprefiions ; ard 
tu give Notice to the Lord Chamberlain, or, in his 
Amnce, the Vice^Cbamberlain,if the Players presu- 
med to ad any Thing which he bad ftnick our. 
This necejEury Reftraint upon the Play.Houies, was, 
in (bme Mea(ure,occaiion*a by a late Book, Entittded, 

AVkmof the InumnnUity and Profhanenefs oftheBu' 

S'f/Sb Stage, Written by Mr. J^rwiy Collier^ wherein 
e Author does fully prove his Accuiation ^ tbo' 
more with the Air and Tone of a Supercilious Dc- 
clamatcMr, than oi a Chrsftian Phiiofopher. 
-J - On I z hiar. hisMajefty's Proclamationwas publi&'d 
tSTiiiL C6mmanding a General Faft to be oWerv'd through- 
fointid in ^^** ^ Kingdom oH England^ to implore God's Mff* 
tfanfQur of cy ^f &ch as (ufFer'd abroad for the Proteftaot Rf- 
tM Prottm ligion; And towards the latter end of the ^melAattih 

fiants am Bdv^rd Earl ot TVar^ickj, and Charles Lord Mohtmj k- 

knad. iog (everally Indited for the Murder of HW^^ 
Cme^W% were Try'd by the Houfe of Peers, ma 
Court prepared for that purpofe in Pf^fiminfter-Ha/* 
the Lord Chancellor of England^ being cooflimtcd 

" Lord 

WILLIAM thetkrJ. ^§} 

Lord High Steward upon this Occafion. The Court A. C* 
being opcn'd, with the ufiial Ceremonies, the Try- 16^9.^ 
al ofthe Earl of fVarwick^ t came on firft, and lafted ' 
till late in the Evening, when the Peers adjoumM 
to their own Houfe, and aher Ibme Debate, the 
Lords Temporal only return'd to the Court in ffyh- Tbt £. #f 
tninfter-HaU, where they delivered their Judgments Warwick 
Seridtim upon their Honours, and unanimouilyac* Jj'^**^ 
guitied the Earl of WirwiVJt ofthe Murder, butMotam 
found him guilty of Manflaughter ; who craving the Jl'^' mj 
Benefit of his Peerage, according ro the Statute in ^i^^'*'*' 
that Cafe provided, was t hereupon difthar g'd. The quitttJi \ 
next Day came on, in like manner, the Tryal of thej^^^ i^^ 
Lord Mifhun^ who with great Compo(edn«f$and Inge-^o^x to 
nuity, having made his Innocency appear, was ac- New- 
quitted ofthe laid Murder, by the unanimous Suf- Marker* 
fragcs of the Peers there prefent. About a Fort- April 1 1- 
night* after the King went toNevQMatkfity^hsttj^'^f 
the Univerfity of Cambridge renewed their Aifiiranc^s^][^^^^ 
of Duty and Aflediion to his M^ftys Perlbn^and^^^^^^ 
Government ; And on the 19th 01 April his Majefty of stated 
return'd to Kienfington, jhe E. \f 

On the 1 4th of May^ the Earl of Jtrfiy^ lately re- iy[anch«* 
turned from his Embafly at the Court of Fr^fi^e^, wasfter nan^i 
conftituted one of his Majefty's Principal Secreta- ^^^^f^ 
ries of State, in the room of the Duke of Shrevpsbury, ^ '• 
At the fame Time the Earl of Mancheiier was ap«?)[f ^% 
pointed to fucceed the Earl of Jerfey:, The Earl of J^l;,^^^ ; 
Femhroke and Montgommery, a Perfbn of no Party; ^^^^ j^^^ 
and yet equally effeem'd and belov'd ' by all, was prtfidm 
t declared Lord Prefident of the Council : And \i\%oftbeCoun* 
Majefty having received the Privy Seal from his«7, tmct 
Lordlhip, delivered the fame into the Cuftody of the tht Fif* 
Vifcount Lonfdaie. The fame Day Edward Southwell ^J'^^^'' 
Efquire was by the King's Command, Sworn Clerk ^*1* ^f^, 
to his Majefty 's Privy Council, in the room of ^7-f ^g^ ,1 
Ham Bridgman E(qj deceased j and Abraham Stanyan^Q^n \^^ 
JEfq> Sworn Clerk of the Council in extraordinary, drington 
On the Twentieth of the fame Month, Chriftvfher made G«- 
Coddrington Efq; a Gentleman of gr^at Parts, and verrwr of 
experience Valour, who commanded a Company the Lec- 
in bis Majefty's Foot-Guards, was conftituted Cap- ward 
raia General of his Majefty'H LfcwivrdCaribbec\ikni%^^*^'^' 


|84 Tbt Reigfi if King 

A« C in ^mriea^ in the room of his Father Colonel Coi* 
itf99« dringtcn deceat'd ; who during the late War had per* 
^ Ky^'f^^ fbrm*d fignal Senricet to the Government, and ru« 
in'd federal French Plantations in thofe Partis Five 
Thi Omf ^7' ^^^ ^^ Count Je NUffey^ Envoy extraordina- 
fue^tmdi' jyfrooi AcDukeof*4wtrf to notjfie the Birth of the 
lMf;if Ssi Prince of PfVimtfiir, had his Publick Audience of bis 
vof 9 btii Majefty ; who on the laft Day of Mr;, appointed 
hi9 AtuU^ the Lord Chancellor, the Lord Prefjdent of the 
emt. Council, the Lord Privy Seal, the Lord Steward of 
"i^ 7«- hit Majefty's Hou(hold,theEarlof BrM^«/</fr, Firft 
fict* ^f* Commi^oner of the Admiralty, the iSxtl of KUrU 
f^id. If0r0ugb^ Governor to his Highn^fi the Duke of Gh- 
*•' ''• ce^er^ the Earl of Jerfy one of his Majcfty'sPrin- 
oml Secretaries of State, and Chdries Montague E(q; 
fini Commiffioner of the Trcafiiry, to be Lords }u«^ 
ftices of BmzUnd, for the Adminifhration of the Go- 
vernment oaring his Majefty's Abience. On the 
firfl: of June^ the King went from Kcnfh^tm^ be«> 
^ween Ten and Eleven a Clock at Night ; and ar- 
rived at Marzdte^ where his Majefty three Hours af- 
ter embark'cT for Holland^ an3 on the ;d of June^ 
Uh Eing fafely landed at Oranie Folder^ firom whence he went 
^^s in to the Mnpu. 

Holland* The Commons of England having- Voted, that 
J^^ TT Twelve thou&nd Men (hould be maintained in Ire* 
^kd'^ /<»/, the Parliament ot that Kingdom applied theixN 
jj^*5"'felves to find the neccffary Funds to an(wer that 
* Charge ; And on the a6ih of Januarj^t Lords Ju« 
ftices gave die Royal Aflfent to an Acl for Raimig 
1 20000 Pounds on all Lands, Tenements and He- 
reditaments, in Ireland *y An A^ to compleat 'the 
Supply to bis Majefty, and to Build and Fini(h the 
. Barraques ; An A£b for laying an additional Duty 
upon Woollen ManuEsK^res Exported out of that 
Kingdom; An Ad for making improvem^ts on 
Church-Land. An AOi for Confirming Eftates and 
Poileftions enjoy'd under ihe A£b of Settlement and 
Explanation ; An A£t for the Prefervation of the 
Game ; An A£b againft deceitful diforderly and ex- 
ceiSve Quning ; Another for planting and prefer- 
ving Timber-Trees ; Another to prevent 
being SoUicitc^s \ Another for determining 

^ " eticea 


W I L L I A M //:^e> ThirJ.' 401 

fceiby Arbitration; Another |or ExpUiniftg an Aft A. C; 
for Confirming the Ads ol Settlement and Explana- 1^99. 
tion ; and an A<ft to hinder the Reverlal of feveral V^^/^s/ 
Out-lawries ; and to fbme other Publlck and Pri- 
vate By Is, which done, the Parliament was Prorogued. 
Seven Months t after a new Coramiffion ConftitQ- 
ting the Duke of BoUon^ the Earl oiBerkJey^ and the 
the Earl ot Gallway^ Lords Juftices of Ireland^ was 
opened and read in Council; and thefe Two Earls 
having been fworn, in the ufiial manner, wer^ 
Complimented thereupon by the Privy Council, and 
feveral other Perlbns of Quality. 

All this while, the Scotch Company were under nt> 
finall Uneafinefi; But notwithftanding the fcvcral^ifff'''^^/- 
Repulfes they had met withinfiwg/tfwJ, their Court 6f J^ ?^®^c^ 
Direflors towards the beginning of the Year, be- *""'■ 
fides the Letters formerly mentioned, ftnt another to ^^f^* 
the Lord Seafield^ to put him in mind of his Prpmife 
touching their Petition, and the Parliament's Ad- 
drefi to his Majcfty ; To which his Lordfhip Writ 
an Anfwer on the Tth^of February y That he had repre* 
fented their Petition to the Kjng, and that he was com* 
manded to let them kpow^ That there being Accmntt^ 
that the Ships -belonging to the Company were arrivd on 
the Coafts if America, and the particular Dejign ntt 
being Communicated to his Majefty^ he theref^ire delayed 
to give any Anfwer^ till he receivd certain Information 
if their Settlements 

The Company having this Intimation from his^D^^^ 
Majefty, their Council General on the aith at from their 
hiaxch Wrote a Letter to the King, Importing, ' That^^^'*'^'^^'* 

* they had arrived fafc at their intended Port, within T^^/* 

* a League of the Golden Ifland^ on the Coafts of Da ^74J/»%' 

* rie^ ; and after having treated aboard their Ships J^ ^^7*<w^ 

* with the Native*, who Were always owned to be ^^ ^^^^^ 

* thc^ oply Proprietors of that Part of the Coaft^5^/^/^^^ 

* their Men had at the Requeft and with the Confent /if Darieiit 

* of the laid Natives, landed on the 4th 6( November lAxcok %i 
^ 1^98. and taken PoiTeflion of an uninhabited Place, 

* never before poffefied by any European whatever \ 

* and that in piuriuance of the did Treaty, the 
^ chief Me^i and Leaders .of the faid Natives had 
I joyned with, and takeii CommiiJion from tke (uid 

. I , C c c c CouQ- 

^oi 77j(? Rei^n cf King 


il. That they thought it their Dutjr at thrir 

6iilineetins to give hisMajefty an account thereof; 
and Ukewile, that by Letters from the laid Coun* 
cU bearing date at Nf IP- £J/>ti«r{ in CaledonU^ (be- 
ing the Name given to their New Settlement ) 
the x8th Day oT December^ they were pofitively 
informed. That the French had a Deiign upon aU 
that Cooft, or at leaft to make a Settlement Cnne- 
where thereabouts. And they hiunbly conceived, 
chat the firm Settlement of their Colony in thofe 
Parts, miehtbe a Means of pre venting^ oratlcaft 
leflenin{( the evil Consequences that might arile to 
bis Majefty's Kingdoms and Dominions every 
where, by the Settlement of any Powerful Foreign 
Ndflhbour in, upon, or near any Part of tmt 

granting them thofe Priviledges mention'd in the 
A£b ot Parliament, and his Majefty'j Letters Pa- 
cents, by which iheir Company was eftablifli*d, io 
che]^ d!a in all Humility confidently expeA his 
Majefly's Royal Favour and Protedion, as having 
in all die fteps of their ConduA, thro' the whde 
Courie of that Affair, (IrifUy obferv'd the Con- 
.ditions required by the (aid A8t of Parliament, 
and Letters Patent: And they referred that toge. 
Cher wkh the Contents of their laft Petition to his 
Majelly's Royal Confideration, to give fiich Dire* 
Aions therein, as to bis Royal Wifdom fhould 
(ktm meet and expedient. 
Tlie News of the Scotch Settlement at Dariett, a- 
larmM mod of the Nations of itiirs^e, who bad 
Plantations in the Neighbourhood. 11:0: SfontarJi 
in particular^ thinking thendelves more nearly con- 
cem'd, their Ambamdor in £i»|/«iid prelented a 
Memorial to his ^|bliefty on the 3d of Mm, wherein 
he reptrelented,^ * That the Rmg his Matter, havitkg 
.* receiv'd Information from dinerent Places, and laib 

* of all firom the Govemour of the Hgnuma, of the 

* Iniiilt and Attempt of ibme Scotch Ships, equipped 

* with Men, and other things reouifite. whbdeu^- 

* ed to fettle themielved in his Majefty's Sovereigit 
\ Dominions in ^merica^ and partiailariy in .the 


WILLIAM //^^fW. 403 

i l^fovince of Darien^ That his Majefty received A. Ci 
J theft Advices with very much Difcontcnc, and 1 695^* 
J look'd upon the (aroe as a Token ot finall Friend- 
^ fhip, and as a Rupture of the Alliance betwcea 
the two CrownSy (which his Majefty always had, 

* and did obfervd very J-eligloufly, and from whiclt 

* fo many Advantages and Profits had reflilted, both 

* fo his Br/>/i««/ci5L Majefty, and^ his Subje<&s J As 

* a Confequence of which the King bis Mafter, did 

* not exi>e^ fiich gidden Infults and Attempts, b/^ 

* his Majefty's Subjedis, and that too in a Time of 

* Peace, (without Pretext or any Caufej in the very 

* Heart of his Dominions. Concluding, * That 

* all the King bis Mafter defir'd, was that Matter 

* mi^ht be reprefented to his Majefty, and that his 

* Mdjefty might be acquainted, That his CaphoUck, 

* Majefty was very fenfible of fuch Hofiilities and 

* unjuft Procedures, againft which he would take 
*« fuch Meafures as he thought donvenient. 

The Scotch Company being loath to abandorf 
their Defign, aher the vaft Expetice they had beea 
at, encountered this Memorial with feveral long Re* 
prefentations to his Majefty, wherein they ende*- 
Vour'd to juftifie the .Legality of their Settlement 
In Oppohtion to the Pretenfions of the Spa^t^ 
mds^ or any other Nation ; and to {hew that the 
BngUp^CQxAA have no Prejudice, but rather would 
receive Advantage by it But, it feems, the Court- <^ 
BngUfU was of another Opinion, as appears hf 
a. Proclamation of Sir PVilliitm Bsefion^ Governor of 
gamaica^ importing, * That having i-eccivy Com^ 
I mands from his Mgefty, by Jams ^ermpm; p^^t^^ 

I ?«^.?f>^«M^«ftyi?WP^^^*^^^^^^" of State, ^/,„,/,^ 
fignitymg, that his Majefty was unacquainted mthGoveiiw 

* the Intentions and Defigns of the Scot s fettling aCoj^f^maict; 

* Darien 5 And that it was contrary to the Peace en-'againn tbi 

* tered into with his Majefty's Allies ; and that thci'e- Scotch 


presume on any Pretenoe whatfbetrer, to hold any 
« O>rrefbondenct with tkc faid Scots^ lior give them 
* any Auiilatice of Arms,or Athmum£ion,Prdvi{ionSy 

C^QC ft ^ 0£ 

'^04 ^^ Ueign of King 

A. C * -Of any other ncctflfirics wharibcver^ciiher by thcm- 
1699. * fclves or any other for them ; or by any of their 
^^^yN^ * Vcflcls, or of the EngU/h Nation^ as they would 

* anfwcr the Contempt of his M^jefty's Command 

* to the contrary, at their utmoft Peril. There were 
about the fame Time other Proclamations, to the 

* iame purpole, iffued out by the Governors of Bar^ 
badoeSf New Tork^ and New^Enf^land j And the Spa- 
nUrds making creat Preparations in Amtrica^ to go 
and diflodse the 5co^c/?, the Council oi Caledonia^ 
rcprefcntea to his Majeft)', * That upon their 

* arrival at Danen^ the Nativer received them with 

* all pofUble Demontlrations of Joy, and SarisfaiSli- 
7ii c$mh * on, whom they found in open War, on all fidesy 
€il 9) Ct- • with the Sfdniards^ againft whom they belbught 
^v"? • * their AiUftance ; which thty could by no means 
^y* * comply with, by realbn of the then Peace between 
S'seo? * ^** Majefty and the King of Spain ; That notwith- 
fcmbcr. * ftandin^ their Juft and Peaceable Deportment and 

* Inclination^ and their certifying the lame by Let- 

* terstothe Two Neighbouring Governors of Pirntf- 

* ma and Carthagena ; They had, to their no fmall 

* Surprize, received Information that leveral great 

* and warlike Dcfigns and Preparations were carried 

* on by the Spaniards^ againft their Colony ; And 

* that contrary to alljuftice and Humanity,^ as well 

* as the Treaties of Peace, between his Majefty and 

* the Cathoitck, King, they unjuftly derainM, and re- 

* fus'd to deliver up the Perlbns and Goods that were 

* favM of a Ship belonging to their Colony, cal- 
'• led the Dolphin'^ which, by Misfortune of 
^ Springing a Leak, was obliged to run afliore. and 

* fufferShipwrack near the City of Cifr^/^4^«i4. That 

* this had been no (mall inducement for them to have 

* improv'd jrhe frequent Opportunities they had of 

* taking Mealures greatly difadvantageous to the 

* Crown of Spain : i et to avoid, as much as poffi- 

* He, any Thine that might look like a Publick 

* Breach, until the fame were laid before his Ma* 

* is!^y» ^^ '^^ Royal Pleafurc known therein , 

* They had proceeded no further, thkn the granting 
I Let^s otRepri&ls^ for die People and ISffe&s 

J unjuflly 

W ILtl AM the Thirif. 40? 

tinjuftly detain'd from the m.^ That the J^Jies as A. C. 
well as Europe.d'td at that time implore hi? Majefty's i (Jpy. 
Proteftion ; And as the effeiSlual opening the Door V^YVi 
of Commerce ro the trading World, and the more 
cafie Accefi to, and Corre^ondence with the 
ends of the Earth, had been hitherto hidden by 
the Divine Hand, for one of the fingular Gloricf 
of his Mait (ly's Reign ; fo it was no fmall Satisfar 
<9:ion ro them tq be any ways concerned in fo hopc^ 
f ul an Acceflion to the Dominions and Grcatnew of 
his Majefty's, and Wealth of his People; and 
that they laid themfelvrcs, their Cafe, and that 
valuable Opportunity at his Royal Feet, moft 
humbly be(eeching, that as it had its beginning, 
fo it might continune to have its Bein§ and Supf» 
port from the happy Influences 0^ his peculiar 
Bounty and Grace: 

About the (ame time, the Spanijh AtnbafTador pre^ 
Rented a (econd Memorial againfl: the Scots Settle- 
ment, and the French Ambaiiador likewiie gave in 
a Memorial to the Court of EngUndn concerning a 
French Ship comn^anded by Captain Thomas Duvier^ 
which wa3 caft away near Caledoma-H^rhour^ on 
thea.4th of December 1698. Things looking with 
{q ill an Afpe6l: upon the Scotch Company, efpecially 
iince the foremention'd Proclamation (rorbiding to 
afford their Colomr any Relief^ was come to their 
Knowledge, they lent a Petition to the King, where- 
in aoiongft other things they let forth, 'Thatbc-rt^,-|,p^fiV 

• jng (enfible, that as their Company had its Birth uw t§ hie 

• from his Mnjcfty's mod gracious Favour, fo xtM^Wfif* 

• could not ftibfift but by his Prqtec^icjn, they did Oa. 19^ 

• therefore in an humble manner, petition his Ma- 
^ jefty^s High Commifllpner, and the Eftates of Par- 

• liainent aflembled the i^tkoijulj i^jS. Upoa 
f i^hich the Eftates of Parliament had with great 
^ Unanimity addrcft his Majefty, That he would ia 

• his Royal ^ Wiflom be pleas'd ,tp take fiich Mea« 

• flares as niight effe6kMally vindicate the undoubt- 

• <d Rights and Priviledges ot the (aid Company ; 

S' id fiipport the Credit and Intereft thereof. Tpbat 
at Seuions of Parliament ending before any J^c- 
f turns could be had from his Majefty, ^cport^ 

C c c c 5. ! ba.(| 

40^ the Reign of King 

A. C. * had been fpread by the Enemies of their Settle 

Kfop * ment, as if their Company had not his Majefty'j 

J^„**ys^* Proteftion ; And as an Evidence hereof, thai Pro. 

* damations had been iffued out in his Majcfty'j 

* Name, by his Governors in all the ^wfn'c^n Plan- 

* tations, not only to deprive their faid Company 

* and Colony, of the frlcfidly Afi'ftancethatmiglir 

* realonablj^ have been expefted from their Neii 
^ hour Nation, but al(b ftrlftly forbidding allii 

* Majefty's Subjects, orpthrrs, within their Plam* 

* tions to enter into ^yiy Traffick or Gommflct 
^ with the faid Colony : Which Proceedings k 

* had but too much Realbn to believe had ortiw 
^ fatal their Company andOi»|j 

* and therefore they begg'd, his Majefty wouli* 

• * pleasM to take off the Force and Effeft of ^ 
f Proclamations, and tofienifiehis Royal Pic*- 
;• to the Governors of thofe Plantations, thaififl 

* might be fiippied with Ncccflaries, in the aft 
' mon and ordmary way of Commerce; As* 

* that his Malefly' might allow his Parliamcnta 

* meet at the day appointed in November follow^ 

* or as foon as pofEbly could be, that his Majcfti 

* m?ght have the Advice and Affiftance of the ptf 

* Council of that Nation, in fiich a wei^ty^ 

* general Concern. The King having maW 
coniider'd the foregoing Addrefi and Petition, ojj 

^ Kini^s <aed the Lord Seafield to Ailfwer ; ^ Tb^t hisi* 
^vfinr. « jefty very much regretted the Lofs whid * 

* Kingdom and the Company had lately fuftaiDtt 

* That he would upon all Occafions protcft «J 

* encourage the Trade of the Nation j Andvjp 

* alfo take Care, that the Subjeas of that m 
f dom fhould have the fame Freedom of Tra<l^* 
^ Commerce with the Enf^lifh Plantations, as cj 

* they had formerly : And as for the Parliament,* 

* fhey were adjourn'd to the yth day of l^ad^ 

* cnfiiing ; and that he woiild caii^ them tojM* 

* when he judged that the Good of the. Nation i 

* quir'd it. Thus much of the Scotch Oiopfl 
l^t's now caft oi^r View upon the other Qccurttat 

WILLIAM thethirJ^ 407 \ 

King,Wt&'ii»f having receivM the Complimcats A. C, 
of the Foreign Minifters, and other Pcrfons of Qua. 1^99. 
lity, on his (afe Arrival in Holland \ affifted at the U^VNJ 
Auembly of the States General, ant} at that oi the 
Stated in Holland ; And given his Inftruftions t6 Mr. 
H///, whom he had appointed to go his Envoy Ex- 
traordinary to Savoy^ to make his Compliment of 
Congratulation to that Court, upon the Birth of the 
Prince oi Piedmont ; His Majefty left the' Httgue oti 
the 22d of Jttw^ (N. S.) about fix in the Mornings 
and having diri'd at Cruic^herg^ paflcd in the After- 
noon thro' the Cities of H4<rr/(rt« arid kmjlerdam^ the 
Inhabitants whereof exprefi'd their Saiisfadiori at 
his Ro^al Prcfcnce, by their loud and repeated A(t- 
clamations. From Amfferdam his Majefty came to 
Naerden^ and having Vicw'd all the Fortincatioris of 
that Place, ' which he found in great Perfe(3:ioh, he 
hy that Night at Soeftdyk^e^ and the next Morning it* Kif^ 
ftt out for Loo, at which Royal Palace, and th4t#w/ /• 
of bieren his Majefly (pent moft part ojF theXoo. 
Summer, in fa is ufiial DivefGpns of .Hunting, and 

* Towards the beginning o^July Count Tatfard, the 
French Ambaflador, arid the BB,ron Schuhs^ Envoy 
from the Princes of the Houfe of LunentuhB^ who 
were likely arrived at rhe Hague from Holland, wait- 
ed upon his Majefly at Loo \ and a few days after 
the Sieur G4M/, Ambaflador from the King of P^. 
lai^ to the States General,and the Count de Gmfcardl 
Arabaffixlor from France to the Court oi Sweden, p^ 
Ukewife tHeir Refpedts to his Majefty.' On the 2cth 
of Augup, my Lord ?aget\ Steward, his Majerfy^s 
Amb^ador at the Port, brought Letters^from the 
Grand Signior to his Majefty, in Acknowledgment 
qf his good .Offices in Mediating the late Peace at 
C^towit^ ; apd not long after, the Czar of Mufiovy 
fcnt a'LetteV of Thanks to his Majefty, upon the -s 
feme Account, About this time the States of HoU 
land, put 9f their tender,Carefor his Majefty 's Pre,. 
Crvatipn, put forth a Placaet, requiring that all (iica 
Pejrfonsthat had been declar'd Rebels in England^ 
flioullJ forthwith depart their Dominions ; And on 
tlie 2.4 ixiii^iiiolSeftenAer (N.S.) the King Wicw^ 

CCCC4 cd: 

408 *" tlje Heign of King 

A, C, ^ the Dutch Forces cncamp'd near Arnheim, an 

1 699. then returned to Loo, to enienain his Bofom Fricn 

VxS^>s^ the Old Duke afCcll^ who was come there to mak 

Tbf Duki his Majftey a Vifit, with a numerous and magnifica 

•/ Cell Retinue. 

t9mis then g^ nothing deferves more our Attention th 

Summer^ than the Conteft between the Prince ( 

C^mtBr ^.Coii^iandthe Dutchefi oi Nemours about the Succe 

S»ia tbi fion o^ Neufchajfclf a Proteflant independent City ao 

Succeffm Principality, bordering upon, and allied to the M 

•/ Neuf* s(ers j whole Sovereign was the late Duke of iwf 

cluftd. vi7/f . Now, the Parliament of Paris having ^ 

a Decree, in Favour of that Prince* whofe Iokrb 

was (iipported by the King of France himii^ 

whom the Dutchefs refusM to refer the DcciW 

her Caufe ^ His Highnefi to maintain bis Pres- 

fions, and to obviate the Defigns of his CompettJ, 

went in Perfon to Neufchaftel ; where he did all^ 

lay in his Power by Letters, Memorials, Grfc 

and large Promifcs, to draw the States oiAatPnfl 

cipallty, and their Confederates the Smfs C^ntn 

^ to own him for the next md immediate Succcfiof] 

J^- ^^^^ the Dutchefi. Thereupon King ff^Mam, who k 

K*V/ L- "P ^^^ ^^^ univerfil Heir to the Houfe ot Ltif 

* wVfe, order'd Mr. Hervartj his Envoy in ^wV;{«^ 

immediately to repair to Neufchaftel^ and to jw 

the following Memorial to the Prince of ^^ 

nioy tn 
land, bis 
0hut ir. 

The Orders of the King of Great Britajn^mj^^ 
to pay my Relpefts to your Highnefi, and toai 

fter, having brought n^e hither, my firft Bu 



jrou of my moft humble Services. Yojiarcn 
ignorant, I affure my ftlf, that his Mafefty » 
Ctaim to the County of Neufchafiel, and its B 
pendencies ^ his Miniftiers at the Treaty of i^J 
having acquainted his moft Chriftian mm 
Plenipotentiaries with it. JJevcrthelefi, his Aij 
fty, whbfe Pleafurc it was, that thofe CpuflW 
fbould be exprefly comprehended in theTjJ 
of Peace, has been further pleas'd fprthe d< 
fecuring the Tranquillity of that PrincL 
* defer the making out his Right, tho' vtrj h 
i I ul, till the Death of Madam the Dutchels of 




WILLIAM the Third. 409 

• movtrs^ who has been invefted with that Sovereign- A. C. 

xy for thefe five Years laft paft. 1^99. 

* But underftanding the prcfent Movements there, ( ^"^ 
occafion'd by your Hlghnefs's Pretenfions, his 
Majefty has thought it to be his Intereft, to de- 
clarc more cxpreUy by his Minifters at the Court 
of France^ hi& Rignt to that Sovereignty ; hoping 
that the moft Chriftian Kinyg would obftrve an ex- 
zGt Impartidity in that Affair ; and that he would 
leave it to the States, who are real Judges of it, 
(b ibon as a Convocation (hould be nimmon'd to- 
gether, after the Death o\ the Dutchefi oS Nemours ; 
Arid that his Majefty thought it realbnable, thac 
your Highnefe (hould then propofe your Preten. 
uons as well as the reft of the Competitors con. 
cem'd. The Affurance which his 90ft Chriftian 
Majcfty's Minifters thereupon gave of his Impar- 
tiahty, are lb pofitive, that the King, my Matter, 
thought He might remain in filence. till a more 
convenient time to (ettle the Juftice of his Claims. 
^ But the Dcfigq form'd by your Highnefi, prc- 
(ently to liimmon a Tribunal, during the L^i^ of 
Madam de Nemours^ obliges me, according to his 
Majefty's Orders, to repreftnt to vour Highnefi, 
That his Majefty cannot but look upon Sich a 
Convocation as prejudicial to his Right, contrary 
to the Laws and Cuftoms ot the Country, and a 
Means to banifh Peace and Tranquility from 

' I hope your Highneis will be plcas'd (erioufly to 
confider that I have the Honour to lay beiore 

fou in his Majefty*s Name, and to vouchfafe that 
may add to what I have faid, the Afturance of 

t'he high Value, and profound Refpe£): I have for 

your Highnefi. 

Mr. Hervart did, at the fame time, prefcnt another 
Memorial to the Dutchefs of Nemours, wherein in 
his Mafter's Name, he communicated to her what he 
had reprefented to the Prince of Comi 1; afluring her 
Grace of his Majefty 's Favour and Protection. The 
Dutchefs, and the States oiNeufchdJiel^ expreft great 
Acknowledgments of his Majefty's inteipofing in 
this Affair : And as for the Princei he made a very 
"• -• relpeaful 

4^0 Th Rejgn of fCing 

'A. C. rcfocflful^ AnfvYer to rhc fpremjpmloijtd Metnoml, 

i^99* ^^ Direftion from cHe fr<r«ci& Cpurt, inirae3iate- 

^^>/>^ ly rccifrn'd to Piim : tjis iijioft Chnft'lan iW^efty, 

PriJif* like a fobtle Ppluician, no'c thinking It proper to 

Conti flfe. entpr into iny Dispute ^it)i ,theKingof Eng/4»il, 

/i/l/ /rdw t|^j: rather to flxew him aU ^^anner oF Deference, 4c 

*// Pr^'^w- better to epgage him ina new Treaty of Partition, 

fmu which was hccorae t\ecdSiry finccthe Death of the 

Eledoral Prince of^^W/f, which happened this 

Year on the 6th 9f Eebrmrj^^i^i S. 

The Piike of'Cr//, haying .fta id about a Mootli 
with King WillUm^^ went from X-o? on the ;d of 0- 
^ober (N- S.}^ on his return HoR^e ; and a f6w Jaj 
after his M^dfty came to the)^/x^tt<r, where' he ^ 
filled ^t tlic AUembly qf the, States General, p^ 
the State of the Forces for the enfuing Year n 
prefented to them ; and order'd to be fcnt to the t 
- ^ vcral Prpvlnces. On the xSxh. of jiie fime }km 
f '/:'* his Majeftv cmbark'd in the M^t^e on Board tk 

ESand ^'^<'^ ^9^ ^^y ^^^^h ^^^ the>ext day iancled at 

qJ ,- ' JM^yg^^^ lay ^Kat Night 'at Cfiierj^urj^y '^nd Qotftf 

O.s. ij^th (O-Sj arriv'^ at,^ci?/?«^/^^^ Twoday.sate 

pon i>?riJ fAcunh^^ Envoy ]Ext.raprdinary rrow 

the King of Pomgal^ notifed to his Jylaieftytw 

t)cjithprii)ue.Qyeen ' qI Poriug^4l ; and theJa^e Day 

the City »/me .Lojca Mayor, .Recorder, Ald|?rmen, and Sherip 

London q[ London^ ;waited upon his P«iaje|ly to congratul^ 

waits $n his^fe Return. The King ejcpreft his faypurablc 

^^ Acceptance of their Affe^ibns, and earneftly recoJQ- 

pft- ao. jn^cd tOjdiem jaQch the careful and vigorous Fj 

cution of thje X^w^ againic ajl Pro^l^ncnefi aw 

Debauchery i^tlje Relief of the; i^Oor^fo t^^^ 

mi^t n9t be .nec.eijtated .to w.^nner ^o^^M 

$treets for^ubfiKa.nce ; ^tid tljien hislylajefiy confer j 

the Honour ofKnighthood \yipQr\Cbiirles,BuncGd^ 

y^/^e/ Mrpfi Efqw^es, ;hepi;efcnt^^^ 

/i4«L ^/fi|m Elqi Alderman. The, Lojd ^m^i 

Lf?^if?w, acff^pa^tijie,^ by.the (Jlecgjof L<m4i!^^ 

mjiminai^r^ waited ^^(o .qi^ his .Majefiy , to.con^' 

^r<^r.^«.^. W,M met at.^ifwji^^^^ f^f W^^ 


^pth Hquf^ j(ere^^qyir'4,bj.lvs mm^^^^^ 

W I L L I A M /J&<r Tbir^.- 4^i 

mation, to give their Attendance ; and on the iftt A- C 
his Majefty confer'd the Office of Lord Chamber- 1^99. 
Jain which had beep Ibrae- time vacatit, on his Gr>cc ^-^S^s-* 
the Duke of Shrewsbury. rti.°^ 

The 4th of November^ being his Majcfty'i Birth- V»n««^ 
day, was obreiVd with great Solcmnitr. HiiJ^^"^' 
Highnefs the Duke of Ghajter went in the Morning ^j^^j^ 
to Kfnfingtan, to make his Compliment to the King /,,„_ 
on this Occafion. Their Royal HighneffeSj theofi-sr- 
Princels and Prince of Denmark, din'd with his Ma- iht S^j^i 
jefty, and in the Evening the whole Court was En- Binb-D»f 
tcrtain'd with a fine Ball by her Royal Highnefs, at "^'br,uj. 
the Palace of St. Jamei. On the ifich ofthe fame f' ^''' 
Month, the Parliament being met, purfuant to their ''""*** 
Uft Prorogation, the King addreft himlelf to both^^^'^^. 
Houfts in this manner. 


* I hope you will not think I have call'd you out Tfi* fi V« 

• of yogrCountrys too fton, if you confidur that our Sfmh tt 

• common Security requires a farther Provifioa «faw. 

• fiiould be made for the Safety of die Kingdom by 

• Sea Mid Land, before we arc at the^end of what 

• was granted for that purpoie the laftSeffion. Ani 

• when you enter upon this Bufme^, I beljeTC you 

• will Aiok it neceCary to t^ke care of the Repairi ^ 

• of the Ships and Pi the Fortifirations, mdiouc 

• whifh our Fleet .cannot be Safe, iriien it 13 ia 

• Haihour. 

* I gaonot omit to jnit ypu in mind«f aqother 

• Matter, in which fpijreat a number of my Syb- 

• jc^ is concerp'd, and^wberein the IJonourofthe 

• fongdomand tjie Faith of Parliamwts Isfo&r 
■ engag'd,,thatourfutyreSecurity fcems todepenrf 

• upon it .- I-mean,./Ae tmhings^od the ptficieaeiet , 

• ^ the ^arff, and the difcha^^^g the Debts con- 

• iraQe,dby-rea(bp-ofthe War 

* And till we may V * 
•.Debt^ald, Iflwllhope, 

• out tomcthing dope 

• While I am fpcafei;^o 
^ my ftlf oWi^d to menu 
I Concern, a DebcWhicb 

A-C • 
KJ99. ' 


The Reign of King 

Denmark , the State whereof I have or4er^(i (q be 
laid before you. 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons^ 

* Thcfe things are of (uch Importance, that I 
ipuft eamefUy recommend* them to your CotiGden- 
tion, and dejlre you to provide the neceilary Sup- 

My Lords and Gentlemen^ 

* There is noibinf I fliould more rejoice in, lb 
that I was not under the Neceflity of foofen 
asking Aids of my People ; But as the Reab of 
it is evident^ bccaufe the Funds forsierly appW 
to defray the publick Expence, are now anw* 
ted for Payment of the Pcbts of the Kingdfl«J,i5 
It is^ to my Saiisfaftion that you all fee^ tto«^ 
thing of wha^ is demanded is for any pctiotm 
of mine, and I do faithfully afEire you, thatM 
part of what is given Ihall be diverted from an) 
rurpofe for what it is defign'd. , 

* I Delieve the Nation is already fenfible of* 
good Effefts of Peace, by the manife/l EncrcdfH 
Trade, which I (hall make it my Bufinefs to oy 
courage by all means in my Power. Probable 
mighit receive an Advantage, il (bme good M 
were prepared for the more effc<3ual preventiflj 
and pupilhing unlawful and clandeftine Tradwi 
which does not only tend to defraud the Publi* 
but prejudices the fair Merchant, and difcourap 
ouroM^n Manufa6h|res. . . . 

* The Eficreafe of the Poor is tiecome a bufiiifl 
to the Kingdom, and their loofe and idle u^ 
does, in fome Me^lure, contribute to that Depr^ 
tion of Manners, which is complain d pf> i^rt 
with iqo much Reafon.) Whether the g^l 
this Evil be from Dcbets in the Laws alr^ 
made, or in the Execution of them, defetvcs p 
Confideratiqn •, as it is anindi/penfablc Du?^ 
the Poor, who aire not able to help ^^^f.^. 
Ihould be maintain'd ; fp I cannot but tl^.''^Y^5l 
treamly defireable, that, fiich as arc abk ^ 
willing (hbuld ng^t want Employment; m^ 
as are obftinate and unwilling fiiould b? C^^P' 
led to Laboiir. * ' ^ 

WILLIAM thelhirJ. 413 

'My Lords and Gentlemen^ A. C. 

• i have a fiiU Affurance ol the good AfFeftions of 169$* 
my People, which 1 (hall endeavour to preferve by V.xV^ 
a conftant Care of their juft Rights and Liberties ; 
by maintainine the EftaHiJh*d Heligion \ by feeing 
the Courfe ofjufticc kept fteddy and equal j by 
countenancing Viriuc, and difcouraging Vice, and 
bv declinirig no Difficulties or Dangers where their 
Welfare and Prolperity may betoncerned. Thefe 
are my Refolutlons ; and I am perfwaded that you 
are come together with Purpofis on your Part, 
(uitable to thefe on mine. Since then our Alms 
are only for the general Good . let us aft with 
Confidence in one another, which will not fail, by 
God's Bleffing, to mate me a haffy Kjng^ and you 
a £r^4^ and flourijhing People. 
This ftudied and elaborate Spt'ech was not able 7*^ Cwbn 
to remove the ill Impreffions, which the Diflatisfa-"»««f -^ 
6Hon the King had expreft upon the Proceedings oi'^y' ^* ^^ 
the Commons, when he parted with them laft; had ^''^.^''*" 
left in their Minds: As appears by the Addrefi which q?' ' 
they prcftnted on thisOccaGon^tohis Majefty, where- * ^ 
in they fet forth, ' That nothing being more neceflary 
for the Peace and Welfare of this Kingdom, the 
Quieting the Minds of his People, and Diftppoint- 
ing theDefignof his Enemies, than a mutual and 
entire Confident between his Majcfty and his Par- 
liament, they did efteem it their greateft Misfor- 
fortune, that after having fo ampljr provided for 
the Security of his Majefty and his Government* 
both by Sea and Land,any Jealoufie or Diftruft had 
been rais'd of their Duty and Affeftion to his 
Sacred Majcfty and his People ; And begg'd Leavft 
humbly toreprcfent to his Majefty, that it would 
greatljr conduce to the continuing and eftablifliing 
an entire Confidence between his Majefty and his 
Parliament,that he would be pleas'd to (hew Marks 
of his high DiQ>leaiure towards all (uch Perfbns 
who had or fliould prcfiime to mifteprefent their 
Proceedings to his Majefty. And that the Com- 
mons (having likewife a due Senfe of the great 
Care and Concrm his Majefty bad always expreft 
for prefoviog and maintaming the Religion^ Laws 

J and 


A. C. 


The Reigm of King 

and Liberties of his People, (in Defence of vMdl 

his Majeftj had ^o often exposM his Rota 

Pcribn) would u(e their utmoil Care and Eodea 

Vours to prevent and diloourage all ialfe Rumooi 

and Reports refle6ling upon his Ma]efty and li 

Govmiment, whereby to create any MiMa 

fiandin^ between him and his Subjeas. To tli 

Addrefs his Majefty returned the following Anfver. 

GentlsmiH^ *My Parliaments havt doaefegn 

things for me, and t have^ upon alt proper Ob 

fions, exprefi'd to great a Senle of their Kio(M 

and my Opinion has been (b often decUr'd, Tb 

the f^>pmcfi of an EnglWs King depeodsi^ 

an entire good Correlpanaerice betweedblmv 

his Parliament, that it can't letm ftrat%eiDr0[ 

to aflure you, that no Perfoos have ever ye W 

to go about to mtfreprefeat to me the ProceeiV 

of either Houle : Bad I found any fud)f ^i 

woiold have immediately felt che higbeft mk^ 

my Difolealure. It is a Juftice I owe not m^ 

m^ Pkroaments, but to every one of my Sulp 

to judge of them by their ^6tions; and ibis Kp 

I will fteadily purUie. If any fli^l hereaEer at 

tempt to put me on other Memods, by Caluanx 

or Mifrepreientations^ they will not only £ui< 

Succefi, but iball be loord upon and treated b 

me as my worft Enemies. 

GiHilemtn^ * I am pleailed to fee by your Addie 

that you have theume thoughts of the gte^c^ 

vantages which will enfiie to tne Kingdom bj0 

mutual Confidence ; as I exprefled to ooth How 

at the opening of the SeiEon. (take very kinl 

the Aflurance you give me of u(kig your uav 

Care and Endeavour to prevent sindaifavtagei 

falfi Rumours and Reports refleoing upoo \ 

and my Ooveminent} and I fiuthfuUy p^ 

you, that no A&ions ot mine (ball give a |j 

Ground for any M^iW^^cmandiM between V 

and my People. Thek were fine ComplimeflB^ 

both fides ; but it will Icxm appear that tbey ^ 

little more tiian bare Gomplimenti . 
The Commons in the laftSeffiod of ParUrfW 

bad appointed Seven Goffmiifimeni cq wit^f 

WILLIAM /i&(? ThirJ. 41 J 

Earl o^Drogheddy Prdnch Annefley Efq; John trtnthari A. C. 
E^V ?^w«ej Hamilton E(q; Heni^ Langford Efq: Sir ^p39{ 
H^bard Uving^ and Sir Francis Brewfier^ for taking ^-*'''■^'^^ 
an Account 01 ihe^fbricited Eftates Jn Ireland. Thefe S/ jC/^S/e 
Perfons hayiiig .put their Coaifaii^ioqinE)cecutiDnjf^^*^^ 
with great ftri<anefi:and application, tram'd a Re*/^''^^^: 
port which was ptelent^d to th^ Cqoimwis by Mr.'"^. f ^'' 
jinn^ey^ and wherein they fet forth, / That they^J^ j 
* mcc with .great Difficulties in i;heir Inquiry^ whichy-jj />,>. * 
were occafionM chiefly by the Back^ardnefi in xht ^/^ndiyigtbe 
People of Ireland to cive any Inf^r'mitioni, not Army, &c. 
out of any diflike totheBufiric/softheirCominifR^^or^*/* 
lion, or difobedience to the. Authority that fenlIrifli/='«»^ 
them, but outoftbeFcjrbftheGVanteef, whofe/"'*^^^-! 
E)ifpleafure in that SLingdoip Was not feafily bom \ 
^ and by Reports ind^ftrioufly l^read abroad, and 
generally bcliev'd, that their It^quiry w^uld come ' 
to nothinjg, and W3S only the Effc£t.o£a (iiddeft 
Re^lution, Which hinderM manyPerj&ns frorfi 
making confiderable Diftoverit s ? That nevcrthe- 
le'fi itappear'd to them, that (he Ppifens Out-law- 
ed in Vjtgland^ (ince the i jtb day oifehuary 1(8 9. 
on Account of the late Rebellion there aniouiWed 
in Number to '5^7, atid in Ireland^ to 3921. That 
all the Lands in the (eyeral Counties in Ireldrid, 'be- 
longing to the forfeiting Perfons, as far as they 
could reckon by Acres, being added together made, 
io6o7px Acrei woi'th fer Mnum 211 6^3 /, Va- 
lue, Total, a68ji JO /. efteeming a Lifie at Six 
Years Purchafe, and an Inheritance at ThirteeA 
Years, which was, at this titae, the Vduc of th6 
Lands of that Kingdbm ; belidesthe leveral Dmo* 
minations in the leVeral Counties, to whidh no 
numb(sr of Acres eoiil^d be aoded. My Reaibn of 
the Imperfe£lion of Surveys. That (&me of riiofe 
Lands nad be^n reftor^d to the oldTna^rietorSyi^y 
Virtue of the Article 6f LkneriekiVOidGaMay^'md 
by his Majcfty 's I avoiir. That three Letter^, two 
from the late Qpeen^and ohe from h(spre&nt Ma- 
jcfty. ^ifefted co the then Lord Lieotemnt, or 
Lords Jufticcs of Ireland^ znd tothe^Privy Cbttn- 
cU therp, wcre'ftvefally ftnt to them, :firap vktr- 
ifag them to hear and determine the Qaims of all 

* Perfons 

41 6 

A. C. 

The Reign 0f Khg 

Perions, pretending, to be within the Articles c^ 
Limerick and Gaiwaj^ ; and that in purftiance o( the 
fiid Letters, 491 liPeribns were acHuds'd wicfaia 
the (aid Articles j as were alfo j^x Perlons more, 
in Confirquence of a Commiflion, dated thexycfa 
day of February in the Eighth Year of his Majeiry'a 
Reign, pafltd under the Great SeAoi IreUnd^ im- 
powering the Judges oi the (everar Courts there, 
or any five of tnem, to hear and determine the laid 
Claims. That the Eftaies that thole Perlons had 
beea reltor'd to, by virtue of thole Adjudicatioos, 
contained x2j 100 Acres of Land, amounting in 
die yearly Value to ssi^i Pounds, Value Total, 
7a49xj /• That they did not preliime to Judge, 
whether the (aid Letters from hb Majelty, or the 
late Qsieen, to the Lord Jultices and Council, or 
the CommiiBon under the Great Seal to the Judges, 
did give them an v legal Authority to Summon the 
Sublet from all Parts of the Kingdom, give 
Qatns, at^udge without Jury, and Levy Money 
under the iSame of Fees ; they finding no hSt of 
Parliament to warrant the lame ; which they hum- 
bly lubmitted to the Wildom of the Commons ; 
but they thought it necefl^ to inform them, that 
the Fees of tm laid Courts were fo extravagant, 
that the Charge only of entering a Claim was near 
five Poutids ; tho' by expifefs words of the Articles 
of LiWiVci^, noPerlbn ou^to pay any Fees, but 
to Writing Clerks only. They added. That the 
Proceedings of the lafi Court of Claims were almoft 
univerlally complain'd of, and they fearM with 
too much Realbn \ Ibme Perlons having been ad- 
judged without pofiing oi their Claims ; others 
within a day or two after, befi[»e the King's Coun« 
cil and Witnefles could be ready, which was cotr- 
trary to the Rules of the Court it lelf, that requir'd 
14 Days between the Pofiing of every Claim, 
and the Adjudication. Tbtt it was alio oblerva- 
ble. That il any Perlon would dilclaim his Elcate^ 
he met with very little difficulty in being adjudg- 
ed, tho' atterwards there could be no obftade to 
! the Reverling lus CXTthwry, and ^conlequendy to 

f be 


WILLIAM the nirJ. 417 

* be reftored to his Eftater That m general there A. C; 

* had been great Mifcarriages in the (aid G)urt, and ^699. 

* that in many Cafes the Afticles oiLymerick^ and ^^^^^^^^1^ 
^ Gklhay had been Expounded too beneficially in 

* Favour of Perfons Outlawed, and often by the 
^ Oath of one Witnefi, who could not be Convift'i 

* ed for Peijury, cither by Gommon or Statute 

* Law. That by this Means a great manjr Perfons 
9 had been adjudged and reftored to their Eijtates, 

* that upon review would be found to belong to his 

* MajeftyjThatto cottie to a particular knowledge of 

* which, They fentMn Palmer for the Minutes of 

* the Adjudications, but he having taken them in 

* fliort-hand only, and never fince tranfcribed them, 

* They could not get fuch an Account as was fit to 

* lav before the Commons ; But they only took 

* Notice of one Thing on this Occafion, that (ecm'd 

* to them very extraordinary, That more Perfons 

* were adjudg^ within the Articles, Imce the Com* 

* mencement of their Enquiry, than had been fince 
I the making the faid Articles. 

* That in the next Place they were to acquaint 
^ the Commons what Eftates had been reftored to 

* the Old Proprietors, byReverfalof Outlawries or 

* his Majefty's Pardon. That the Rcverfals were? 

* of Two forts, liich as had be^n in purfiiatice of 

* Adjudications, and foch as had been Reverie d by 

* his Majcfty, or the late Qyeen's Letters or Orders 

* to the Lords Juftices , which with a:ll Par-; 
^ dons and the Confiderations inducing the &ne 

* paft, fince the Defeat at the Boyne^ amounted to 

* Sixnr five. That the Eftates reftortl to the ftvcral 

* Perfons Pardon'd, or that had reverfed their Out- 
' lawries by his Majefty's Favour, containM 74795. 
' Acres, worth per Am, X0066 /. 8 /. 3 d. Value 

* Total, (160863 /. 7 /. 3 d. That here they thought 
' it proper to take Notice to the Commons, That ' 
^ as well by the general Report of the Country, as 
^ by foveral f )b(enrations of their own, it appeared 
^ too probable to them, That many of the faid Per- 
' fons had obtained his Majefty's Favour by GratJ- 
^ fications to foch Perfons as had abus'd his MajefW's 

* Royal Gompaffion.That when they touched on this 
\ Subje^^ they found difiiculties coo great to be over- 

Dddd * c ^ 


A- C 

1 699' 

The Reign of King 

come; mod of tbefe Matters being tt^anfafiedii 
Private, and with Perfbns out of that Kingdom , 
But however, they would lay before the Commons 
fome Inftances, where it appears, that Money had 
been given to reftore Perions Forfeiting to te 
Eftates. That the Lord Belhw rele^fed a Staiutc- 
Staple of I ooo /. Prnjcipal Money, and 7 or 800 /. 
Intereft to the Lord Habj^ ( which wa3 i« 
from Sir William tfVenmenh^ Father to the prefett 
Lord ^by^ rotheLordO«/ffeii, Father to the pre- 
fent Lord Bellevo) in confideration that he woolil 
ufe Ills Intereft with his Majefty to procure liu 
Pardon, which he did accoraingly, and his h 
don foon after paff^d ; That he alfo releafedw J 
l^xASsmney ail the Profits of his EftatefW 
bis Lordfliip had enjoyed near 3 Years, aB# 
ing to about as many Thoufand Pounds, in t* 
deration his Lordlhip would not give hiffl ^ 
Moleftation in pafling his Pardon. Thai?* 
Ksrdiff^ Gent, gave to Kirs. M^aret V«^ 
aoo /. or thereabouts, to make ufe of her InK«» 
with the Lord i^cwwac/ to obtain his Majeftjf'sl^ 
ter to have his Outlawry Reverfed, which w^|^' 
cordingly done, tho' the particular Cafe ot i^^ 
Mandeferv'dCompaflion. That Sir ?^A»^^ 
paid to Mr. Vniack Five hundred Pound, ^^^ 
of 500 /. was paid to Mrs. Margaret Vnm 


for her Intereft in the Ixxdif^mmy to procure^ 
Pardon, which, was^^cordingly obtain'd. J'J 
Hijrvr/AArmJEfq; gave alfo 100 /. to Mrs. m^ 
ret Vniack, to obtain his Majefty's Pardon. ^^ 
John HuJTey of Lafllf Efq^ was infoncn'd by ft^ 
Bray atid Mr. S^fcoe^ Agents to the Lo^^J^ 
that he could not get his Outlawry Reverfed ^A 
out giving a General ReleafeofallDcmanfto^ 

Lord Athlone^ which he did, whereby a Um\ 
of 300 /. which he ha4 on the Lord If^^^^^ 
ftate, then in Grant to the Lord Athltm^ ^jfj, 
leafed, who appear'd not to them to h^^ru 
of the faid Mortgage, or had any BenW tb^' 
iThat Edmund ^och Gent, gave to Mr. ^fiZ^ 

/f«r Agent to the Lord /^pina?;'! croo/. ^V^J^ 
reft in procuring his Pardon, which by f'^;^ 
ojthe Lord l^mnef was obtained^ ^ tb^y ^^ 

WILLI AM tl^e Third. 41^ 

* But the fiiid B^ch was Outlawed on the Statiitc of A. C. 
^ Foreign Treafons, tho' never out of the Kingdom. 1^99. 

* That John Bodrk. Efq; commonly call'd Lord 
V Bophin, agreed tcr pay 7^00/. for the uft of the 
' Lord Albemarle^ in Conlideration he would pro- 

* cure hit Majefty's Letter to have him reftor'd to his 
' Eftate and Blood, 5000 /. of the faid Sum being to 
^ be paid when he was rcftor'd to his Eftate, artd the 
^ Rcudue fometime after. That in pursuance of the 
' laid Agreement, a Letter was lent to the Lords- 
' Jufticesto be communicated to the Commiflioners 
^ of the Court of Claims in fayour of the Lord Bo* 
' phin^ in ordeno have hiinadjudg'd within the Ar- 
ticles of G^Z/w^j'i but nothing being done thereon^ 

' it was agreed that a Bill (hould be tranffnitted inid 
I England, in order to pafe into a^ La\^in Ireland to 
' reftore the Lord Bfhin to his Eftate and Blood i 
I The Cdnfideration luggtfted iti thfe Bill, being, to 
' educate his Children in the Proteftanc Religion, 
[ and to let his Eftate to Protcftants. Thatit >^a$ 
' further provided in the laid Bill, That 9000 A 
' (hould be railed upon the faid Eftate for Payment; 
! of Debts, and a certain part of the laid Eftate ap- 
' propriat^d for the Maintenance and Provifion for 
' the Children ; but that in reality, yyoo /. of the 
ftid Money, was to be paid to the Earl of Albe^ 
fhMtle^ and the Remainder to the other Peflons con^ 
ccrn'd in Negotiating the faid Agreement. That 
' this Bill was brought into the Houle of Commons 
of Ireland^ but the Agreement taking Ivind, atiq 
the Houfe relenting that their Authority (hould be 
made ufe of to lupport luch a Claiideftine Bargain^ 
an3 finding Ic vera! AUcgatloilsintheBHl falle, they 
rcie6led it. That afterwards a new Agreement was 
made, {yi:{^ Thar thete (hould be a Grant to the 
Lord ^pfs in Truft, that the Money to be advan- 
ced for procuring the fiid Grant, (hould be firft.raii 
fed out of the Eft:ate ; and next, That the Profit^ 
(hould be applied to the Payment of Debts, and aft 
ter to the ufe of the Family of Clarivcard , In pur*- 
{uance of which Agreements, a Lctref was proi 
cured from his Majefty, and 2000/. pzidtoThi. 
Brtfdericli^ Elq- fot the benefit orthe Lord Albemarle. 
•Afterwards they proceeded to give the Commons 

D d d d z ^n 

'4*0, ne Reign of /fing 

AC Ml Account ofwhatGrinti had becfl made, and ^ 
Vfi99. what CMfttJU«u were yet in being oUn^ SV^^Cl 
kiSr^ EftMcs ; And to whom, and rcponed. That tt^ 

• had ™fled Cncc the Battel of the Bme, under die 

• sreatSealoE heUnd, Seventy GxGrantJ Mid C«- 

• fttJitm now in being, the chiei of which were, 

• theft ioUow'"gi *'K- ^ .1. 

■ • To the I^rdi^wiM^ Three Grami now mte- 

• ing, containing ^^yn Acrei. To the Earl <rt 

• AlbmsHe Two Grants now in being, contaiojng 
< io86i3 Acres, in PolRlIionand Rererfion. lo 

• fKfi4i«Brt«nc;tEfqiCommonlvcalldIx>rd»W. 
« fl„^, i;|8ioAcreiotUnd. TotheEarlot^ 

• Uiu Two tjraois, containing 16480 Acres: To 

• die Earl of Galh^ One Grant, containing 36148 

• Acres. To the Earl of ttfchford Two Grants, 

• containing 59871 Acres. To the Marquils tA 

• pMtzMT Two Grants, containing joyia. Acres. 

• To the Lord Ceming^h J966 Acres, with ieverai 

• Chicfries, Tythes, and many Houfes in the City 

• of Dubtin, with 1 000 /. Mortgage ; fthe ConGdcra- 

• Hon of dl which was Serviceidom, except the Grant 

• ofthe Lord Hfcfl^T^oc^^which bad no ConGdcrationJ 

• To the Lord MdMfl/jroji 11070 Acres, for ii Yean, 

• in Confideration of bis Services in the War of fre- 
' UHd, the Lofles he fuffered in Eftate, the Impri- 

• fbnment of his Father in the Baftile, and his be- 

• ing l^Il'd in the Battle of Steenltirk, To Thomai 

• JC"J*'''?^i 1 Grants containing ii;8i Acres, 

• for 99 years, as a Portion for his Daughter Mrs. 

• I^atherine ICejVfcfiy, who was dependant on her 

• late Majefty Queen Mary, of ever bleffed Memo- 
« ry ; and in Confideration of a Penfion of 400 /. 
'« fer Ann. and bis Loffes by the War. To Cplo- 
« nel GufiavHi Hamilton fi^2. PiX,te», whereof 1906 
■ were no part ofthe Forfeiture^ .- Qnifideration, 

• his great and early Services in the War of Ireland, 
'( his wading through the $ir«MKi«, and Stormieg the 

*■ t Town olAthlont at the Head of the EngUfh Gra- 

»* oadeers. To Dr. Jebn UJI7, 16077 Acres ; Con- 
( fideration, his early Services in the War in Ireland, 
(>( his great Expencc in Raifingand Arming confide- 
"^ tabk Numbm of Men, a/id Fi^uins « the Head 

WILLIAM the Thir J. '4*1 

M them in (everal Engagcracats, To Thotnas Pen- A. C* 
dergrafs Efij; now Sir Thomas Pendergrafs Baronet, i699r 
Two Grants, containing 7082 Acres, upon the VOTS/ 
moft valuable Confiderations of his great Services 
in difcQvering a moft Barbarous and Bloody Con* 
(piracy ta Aflaffinate the King's M^cfty^ To Mr.^ 
John Baker J 1647 Acres, in Confideration of the 
Great and Memorable Services his Father Colo- 
nel Henry Bakp-j performed in the Defence of the 
City oi Londonderry. That it was to be obferved* 
That the Eftates abovemention 'd, did not yield 
lb much to {he Grantees as th^y were here valued 
at • for as n^oft of cheni had abus 'd his Majefty iti 
the real value of their Eftates, (b their' Agents had 
impos'd on them, and bad either fol^d or let the 
greateft part of tbofe Lands at a great Undervalue. 
That moft of the Lands in the feveral Grants, 
were Granted under the Exchequer Seal^ Cuftodt" 
am^ for fmall Numbers of Years, or during r lea- 
fiire, either to the preient Grantees, or other Per- 
(bns ; by which Means very little Profit had ae- 
icrued to his Majefty. Thzi all Statutes, Judg- 
ments, Mortgages, or other Debts, which appear- 
ed to zScQc the (aid Eftates not reftored, ampunted 
to 1619^61. If J. ad. But they conceived there 
were maiiy very great Dedu£i:ions to be made up-' 
on the follo5$r!ng Confiderations. Firft, becaufe in 
all Judgments and Statutes thpyhad fet down the 
Penal Sums ; not being able tp kqow wh^c Inter- 
eft was due^on the feveraf Particulars. %, Becaufe 
it appeared probable, that oftentimes the Judgmenc 
and Mortgage was the fame Debt. 2. Becaufe it 
was probaole, that many of the faia Judgments 
were only in the Performance of Covenants ; and 
the Defeasances remained in the Hands of the Co- 
venanters. 4. Becaufe in many Cafes Proteftants 
and Panifts had been equally bound ; and the 
f whole Debt was deitfanded on the Lands of the 
^ Forfeiting Perfbn, though there might be other Se- 
^ curity.. S' Becaufe it did appear that many Co- 

* pies and Deeds of Judgments were produced to 
^ thejuries on (everal Enquiries, and Found without: 

* ai^y Proof of the Execution of fiich Deeds, or the 
I Confidaa&ons then Exprefled. 6, Becaufe it was 

Dddd 3 ! pro- 




A. G. 

the Rdgn of K'mg 

probable that in many Calcs; the Statutes and 
Judgments had been fatlsfied, and did not appeal 
dilcharg'd upon Record. 7. Becaufe many In 
cumbrances nad been bought up by thcGrantecj 
their Agents, and llnder-purchalers, and often 
times at Cnall Values, and were kept on foot tc 
cover their Eftatcs, tho' probably they mightte 
over-paid themfelves by the Perception of Profe 
8. Becaufe man v Peribns had been put in Poueffiofl 
of the Lands mcumbred, by virtue of her Ma)^ 
ft/s Letter, and had received all, or a great P^ 
ot their Debts. 9. Becaufe it was probable, ^ 
feveral of the Incumbrances had been taken a 
Truft for Forfeiting Perfons, and many otte 
were entered Covenoufly. And kftly, bcca« 
there were all the Contrivances polliblc made » 
of by fome of the Grantees, and their AgeiiC» 
make the Incumbrances appear great ; Ao' if * 
were duly enquired into, they would not htm 
fo confiderable, but that a great part otm 
might have been paid off by the Perception otm 
fits before this Time: However, they conceiwj 
that at prefent they would be much more than d* 
chargM by the Perfonal and other Forfeitures \« 
before valued. That foon after the Bartel J^ 
Bojne^ Commiffioners under the Great ^r^\ 
land were appointed, who had power to fcixe^ 
difpofe of the Forfeited Goods and Chattelsto^ 
Majefty's ufe. Thefe appointed Sub;C^^°?f 
ners in the feveral Counties then in his MW 
Poffeffion i who made Returns of great C^^^f 
of Goods and Chattels, which they V^aJua* 

I jyyji /.but at fo moderate Computations, 
f every Horfi was Valued at. 20 s. every 0>^. 
^ Ox at I ^ J. Sheep at a/. $rf. a piece, andojj 
^ Thiqgs proportionable ; So that it appear ?VJ| 
^ probable, thatif thdfaid Gpods M'^^'^^^'^i 
^ of to the beft^ Advantage, they might h^ P^ 

ed between Two an4 Three tlundre 


- Pounds. ^ Biit before thajt could be done, VJ^^ j^ 

^ vcniie 
f tjaiffioners 

WILLIAM the Third. 405 

^ ter from his Majefty, within Nine Days after the A. C. 
^ granting their Cbmmillion ; and placed in the i6$9» 
^ Commiljioncrs of the Revenue. That by this^^lPli^ 
' means fo much Time was loft, before their Books 
' and Goods fcized by the Sub coramiflioners could 

* be Transferred to the Officers of the Revenue, 

* that the greateft part of them were either Imtez- ' 

* zledby the Sub commiliionersbf Forfeitures, or 
^ the CoUeftors of the Revenue, or elfe plundered 

* by the Army at their Return into Winter Quarters; 
', io that it did not appear to them, that there ever 
^ was accounted for to his Majefty, above the Va- 

* lue of 44000 /. That befides thefe, great Qjian- 
' tities of other Goods appeared in the Inquifitions 
^ which never came to his Majefty's ufe; and many 
' more wer^ fei:s*d by private Men. That die PIuo- 
' der, at that Time, was (b general, that fooie Men 
^ in confiderable Employ n^ents were not free firom 

* it ; which feem'd a great Reafim, why this Matter 

* had not been more narrowly fearch'd into. That 
^ particularly, the Lord Coningsby feized a great ma- 

* ny black Cattle, to the Number of joo, or there- 
' abouts, bcfidcs Horfes, which were left in the 
' Park after the Battel of the ioyne^ and v^hich 

* they did not find were ever accounted for to his 
f Majefky : That he alfo feix'd all the Plate and Good$ 

* in the Houfe of Sir Michael Crea^h^ Lord Mayor of 
' Dublin^ for the Year 168^., which were thought 

* to amount to a great Value : But this laft was mid 
^ to be by Grant from his Majefly. That there wer* 
^ Icveral rich Goods and other Houfhold-ftuft dcli- 
^ vered by the Commiilioners of the Revenue to 
^ the then Lords Juftices, the Lord Sidney^ and the 
' L-ord Coningsby^ which they did not find were 
^ ever returned, accounted tor to his Majefty, or 
^ lefiiinthcGaftle^t their Departure from the Go- 

* vert^ment. That there were (everal other Qia»- 
\ titles of Gjoods deliver'd by Order of the &id Conk* 

* miffioners of the Revenue to Sir Charles Finer ^ 
^ Major-general i^f^^, and others, which had not 
^ been returned ; and n great deal more t^en by 
f the General Officers of the Army; which it was 
I faid his Majefty had fince difeharg'd. That ac- 


^i^ The Rfign ^King 

A, C * cording to the general Reports of the Gnmcfy, vc- 
'^99* ^ ''^ oumv Perfbns had made their Advantages of 
~ * ^ toefe Forfeitures.; but that the Time was (a di- 
ftant, the Proofs k> difficult, and withal the Hopes 
* of getting any part of them back again ib remore, 
' that they rather chole to prolecute more macerial 
Enquiries. That fince the Values of the befbre« 
mentioned Goods and Chattels were fo uncertaini 
thejrmadeno Eftimate thereof; but would pro- 
ceed to take Notice of (bme Debts by Judgipent 
md Statute, and a few Mortgages due to Forfeiting 
Perfons, not reftor'd, which amounted to i zooi 3 /. 
And here they obleryed. That thefe Debts were li- 
ible to all the Ob|e&ions made againft the Incum- 
brances before-mentioned ; only with this diffirr- 
ence, That as the Incumbrances mitht be prefu- 
3ied to be in a great meafure ^tisficd by th6 Per- 
ception of Pronu, the Creditors being mmy of 
.hem in PofleiCon, purfuant to her late MzjoBtfi 
Letter in favour ot tne Proteftant Creditors, or at 
leaft that the full Intereft thereof had been paid 
out of the Rents ; (b in the other, the fiill Penal- 
r was du^, nO Intereft appearing to be paid fince 
le Forfeiture ; and therefore they conceived might 
be takea^fo much in Difi:ompt, apainft Incum- 
brance. ^^That almoft aU the laid Judgments 
Were found in the Court of Excheauer only ; And 
that ^on; a Miftake of their Orders, no Return 
had been made from either of the Courts ot Law ; 
by which Means many more Debts appearing 00 
Record to be due to Forfeiting Perions not reflo- 
red, might be omitted. 

' That thera were yet to be computed 2.97 Hou- 
fes in the City of Dublin^ ;({ Houfes in the Citj 
of Corky wich 2x6 Houies fituate in the (everal Ci« 
ties and Towns of that Kingdom; together with 
6i Mills, &8 Fairs and Markets, jx Redories 
and Tytbes chief Rents amounting to a) S/./er 
Jinn, and 6 Ferries and Fifheries, lyine within 
the federal Counties and Baronies of this Kingdom* 
the Forfcicyires of Perfcms not reftored ; which 
they valued in grofi at j'oooo /. and placed here a- 
mon^ tbQ Perioftal FoifeUurei^ towards the difl 

t f hvgc 



WILLIAM the tbirJ. 41J 

chargeof Incumbrances;and if chev added theDebts A. C. 
due to Forfeiting Peribns, 'twould fully difcharge 169% 
the (aid Incumbrances. And if there were room 
to apprehend any Deficiency, yet the Chattels re- 
al of rerlons comprehended within the Articles of 
Lymericka which by the Conftru<^ion ot the &id 
Articles they were not to be reftored to, would 
fully make up any Defe£l that might remain. 
That it appeared to them by their Oblervations in 
the Countnr, That a great part of the Lan^s cali- 
led Unprohtable in the Surv^s, (except thoie in 
Kfnyf) were now Profitable Acres, and many ot 
them as good as any Lands in the Kingdom ; and 
tho' they were not comprehended withiq the Valu- 
ations, yet were in themfelves confiderable. That 
they had computed the Forteited Eftates accord- 
ing^ to the preient Values, and the current Price of 
Coin there, were they now to be iet , without an^ 
regard to beneficial Leafes made before the Forfei- 
tures ; And becauie they found it impoflible ei- 
ther to come to a reasonable knowledge of tht 
Number of the^ai, and which were real, or fitau- 
dulently (et up, they thought it moft proper to 
make a general Allowance lor the lame, by way 
of Diicompt on other particulars ; and if all tlio 
unprofitable Acres were caft in. it might near an« 
(werthe DiflFerence of Value tne now benefacial 
Leales did make, for the preient Intrinflck Vjdue, 
exclufive of them. 

* And left this Allowance (bould be thought in- 
(iifficient, they conceivM the Woods of this King- 
dom now ftanding on the Forfeited Eftates, not re- 
ftor'd, might be worth Sixty thoufand Pounds ; 
which (if thrown in) would anfwer the Difiference ; 
provided feme (peedy Care were taken to prevent 
fiirther Wafte. But left their Allowances on the 
laid particulars, (hould not be efteemed fiifficient) 
the^ threw in all Denominations of Lands, to 
which they could annex no Number of Acres, not 
receiving any Light either by the Surveys, Com- 
miffioners Books, Inquifitions, or the Enquiries in 
the Country; afid becauie they were quantities of 
Lands diat "rally difier'4 from one wotiicrj bdth 

< . I 

'4x6 the Reifftof KtJfg 

A. <i * in Value and Number of Acres, they could fa nil 
•itSyp, * certain Eftimate upon them; the' it ftem'd vtrr 
^ probable to them, ^at they amounted to at leal 

* Seventy or Eighty T houfind /Veres j which wodM 

* more than anl\i^er all the Deficiencies bcfore-m«i& 

* oncd. 
* And here they took notice of the gend 

^ Waftc committed on the Forfeited Woods of thi 

* Kingdom y particularly on the Woods of Sir Kir. 

* lentine Brown^ in the (Jounty oiKsrry \ whercilfe 

* Value of Twenty thovifend Pounds had becnol 

* down and deftroyed ; And the Wafte madcol: 
► the Woods of the Earl of Clancart/s Eftate, nof 

* in Grant to the Lord J^^oodftock^^ which was can- 

* pured at Twenty feven Thou(and Pounds, 'U 
J fo hafty had (ereral of the Grantees,or rheirApfi\ 

* been in the difpofition of theForfeite^Woods,!^ 

* vaft Numbers of Trees had been Cue, andSoliw 

* not above Six Pence apiece ; and the like WA 

* was ftill continuing in many Parts of that Kingdom, 

* That particularly, at that Inftant, Sir ?oi» ft 

* Lord Chief Jultice of the Court of ComOMJ;, 

* Pleas there, and Peter Goodvt^yny joy nt Purchrfcft'* 
^ the Lands of Filtrim^ within ^ Miles of D«W« 

* of the Lord Coningsbyy were now cutting downtff 
^ very Ornanaental Rows and Groves about ik 

* Manfion'Houle, That great Wafte hadbcffl 
f made, and yet was committing qn the Woods o 

* Ojhognefs in the County of Gallway^ purchafe' 

^ Tohf Butler Eftjj for z/oo /. which' was valuei i 

* above 13,000 /. And that when they appoint 

* (bme Perjfbns to View and Value the laid Woa 

* the (aid Toby Butler did profecute leveral of th 

* hj Indiilment for fb doing. That befides a\li 
^ Forfeitures before mentioned, there were g; 

* Numbers of Perftns, Guilty of the late Rebelli 

* and within no Articles, and never Profecittcd^ 

* very many had appeared on the Exjcent, w| 

* to that Day wci:e continued under Bail; aw* 
^ of them were the laft Summer i^ffixes Tiycd 

* Acquitted. And that it did appear to them 
f the Free holders of that Kingdom, thm' len|d 
j Time>and by coatxa<Jiing new Fri€mfflB|is^ «\i 


WILLIAM thethirJ. 417 

Jri^Jb: or by Inter-purcbaGng-with one another, tut A. CJ 
cbiefly thro' a general diflike of the dlfpbftioin of 1699. 
the Forfeitures, were fcarcc willing to find any t 
Perfons Guilty of the late Rebellion, even upon 
full Evidence. That by reafon of this delay of 
Profecufion, many gooa Eftates by the Death of 
Parties had been l^ft to his Majefty. And not- 
withftanding all this, it leem'd probable by the 
multitude of Difcoveries offered them, that li right 
Methods were taken, and proper Encouragements 
given, a great Sum of Money might be raifed oue 
of the Forfeitures that lay conceal'd. That there 
had been fo great a negle(9: in the Proiecution of 
the King's Title, that no Inquifitions went into 
Connaighf till the Year lijjy. Which gave the 
ForfeiMng Perfons leifore to let up what Incum- 
brances they pleafcd : And when they were Iflii- 
ed, the ^^indings were almoft as the Council of the 
Forfeiting Perfons pleafed ; And indeed by the 
^eat diiprqportion of Proteftants to Papifts, which 
IS computed at not one to fifty, and fo very few 
Proteftant Freeholderswithinmoft Counties of that 
Province, and fo little Juftice to be had there, that 
the Province it fclfftem'd fcarcely reduc'dtohia 
Majefty's Obedience. That a late Inftance might 
be given, at the laft Affixes for the County of G^Zf- 
wajfy where near Forty Perfons were brought on 
their Tryals for the late Rebellion, and the Majori* 
ty of the Jury that had tjiem in charge, were Offi- 
cers in the late King J/r^w's' Army ; and adjudg'd 
within Articles i and thaVafter that, 'twere need- 
Jefs to fty they wereall acquitted. That the Houfo 
of Clarincard had a v aft Territory within that Pro- 
vince, with few or no Proteftant Tenants thereon ; 
the greattft part whereof by the Attainder of the 
L4ora B0fhin^ (who was only Tenant for Life) wa^ 
now vetted in his Majefty : And they concciv'd If 
proper Methods were now taken for felling the 
the faid Eftate to Proteftant Tenants, by Leafes 
for Lives, renewable fpr ever, 'twould graitly In- 
creafe the Freeholders, and thereby (ecure the Pro- 
perty, god adyanpe the Protefhot Intereft pf thac 
Province. . . — 

T^ !Jn 




The Reign of King 

In the next place they acquainted the Comipon^ 
That Icvcral of the Grantees had raffed great Sums 
•f Money by Sale of their Lands and Eftates, in 
the whole amounting to the Sum o( SixtyEight 
Thoufand One hundred Fifty Pounds ; jThac in 
urticularthe B)arl oF^/&/0ffehad'lbld to Icvcral 
rerlons, fo much ot his Grants as amounted to the 
Sym of Seventeen Thoufimd Six hundred eighty 
four Pounds, (and they thought they ought to take 
notice^that the Lord Athlone^ Grants were confirm, 
cfd by an hStoi Parliament of Jre/4Md^ The Earl 
oF l(fmney fold fb much as amountecl to Thirty 
Thoufimd One hundred Forty ftven Pounds, rf 
which Five ThoufancJ three hundred Twenty three 
Potmds, remained unpaid in the Purch^fers nands; 
The Earl of Albemarle had rccetv'd Thirteen thou- 
sand Pounds in England^ by Sale of part of his 
Grant ; The Lord Coniupty had Sold to the Va- 
lue of Two thoufand Two hundred Pounds ; and 
Thomas Kfightlty E(q; had (old and received to At 
Value or rive thoufand One hondred twenty 
three Pounds, amountinc in the whole to the fsua 
Sum of fiiiso L odd Money. That there had 
been leveral Proclamations, and other publick Ad 
(urances given, that a Fourth part (hould be grant- 
ed to (iicn as fliould difcover any concealed For- 
feitures. And that (b the whokCwere under the 
Value of 20«o /. fer Annum. That here they 
might take notice, that the Forfeitures in general, 
notwithftanding they appear'd to be (o confidera- 
ble, had been rather a Charge than a ProBr to his 
Majeffy '; which might ftem very extraordinary, 
if they did not acquaint the Commons, that many 
obfcure Men, that had litde or nothing fince the 
Redudion of Irelandy were now reputed Mafters 
of confiderable Eftates, and fome of them very 
great .ones ; Nor did there appear any vifible 
Oiufe of their acquiring (uch (udden Riches, but 
by fiffiing in thefe Forfeitures. That indeed the 
whole N^nageinent had been very intricate, as it 
wpre defign'd to be kept a Myftery ; which had 
proved fiifficiehtly Advantageous to thefe Men, 
tbo' much to his Majefty^s Detriment^ who h ^his 

*-r» ,- 


WILLIAM the Third. 419 

^ means had betn deceivd in the Value of bis Grants^ and A. C 
^ in many Cafes had given much more than be intended, 1699, 

* That there was nothing ftemM to them to have 
' contributed more to it,than the letting the Forfeited 

* Land< by Cant in the City of Dublin^ and not m 

* the (everal Counties of that Kingdom i for by that 
^ means very few perfoos would come to Town at 

* a great Charge, and negle£fc of their Affairs, when 
« they were liire to be out-bid by the Agents to 

* great Men, who aimed only to get Pofleflion, and 
« had Injtereft enough afterwards to have all or moft 

< part of the Rents remitted. That uoon this Con- ' 
•^deration Mr. Attorney General and Mt,.KKlliam 

* Connelly Elq; canted Lands in the Country of i^iV- 

* ksnney^ worth about a©o /. per ^^nnum^ to more 

< than zoooo /. fer An. So that private Perfbns, whcr 
« had no Intereft, found it in vain to contend \ be- 

< fides, they were often over-aw'd by the Authori- 
c ty of thofe that bid againft them ; which weighs 
« much in that County. That by thefe Methods, 
i when others were driven oflFthe Stage,tbey took the 
c Lands at their owri Rates *, oftentimes agreeing 
« riot to bid one againft another : That particular. 
« ly the Honourable Thomas Broderick Efq; and the 
( Kiid H^lliam Connelly^ who took vaft quantities of 

< Lands, and in a great meafiire governed the Cants, 
c ffew Perlbns daring to bid againft them^ zGtcd ia 
g Partnerfliip in all they took in the Year 1^9/, 
« and ever fince ; and Let them afterwards to Under^ 
^ Tenants at greater Rents : Which was the more 
, oblervable in Mr. Broderick,, who was then a Privy 
g Councilor, and appointed by the Lord Capetl to 
^ inlpeffc the Cants, havins been inform'd they were 
^ managed much to his Majefty^s difadvantage ; nor 
. could It be expefted thejj^ fhould be better regula- 
ted, when many of the immediate Officers <^thc 

* Revenue took Parcels of thefe Lands, and fome 

* were taken in truft for the very Commiffioners 

* themfelves. That befidcs i the great Abufes in the 

* Management of their Cants, a confiderable Eftate 

* was Let without any Cant at all, by DireSion o£ 

* of the Lords Juftices, for at leaft One Thoufend 
' Pounds fer Annum le/s than ic was worth, and for 




thi Rt*' 



Dec ly. 

The Reign of King 

a Tcnn of Sixty One Years, (though by a Lcctei* 
from his Majefty, dated the 8ch of March 1 698^ 
they were commanded to let it for a Term noc 
exceeding One and Twenty Years) and ar a time 
too. when there^ was a Term of One Year and 
half unexpired in another Tenant .• To wit, A 
Leafe of the Eftates of Sir Valentine Brov^n^ and AT/- 
ebolas Brown, commonly called Lord Vifcount J^ra- 
mare, within the Counties of l^errj^ and Lymerici^ , 
made toJohnBUnerbaJfet ^nd George l{^^r/ Efquircs, 
then Members of Parliament of that tCindgom. 
' Hiat after the leveral Allowances beforementi- 
on'd, there yet remain*d 169934;/. 14/. which 
they lay before the Commons as the grofs Value 
of Ae Efhfes fincethe i }th day of F<fi^«tfrjr, and 
not reftor*d. Befides a Grant under the Great Seal 
of Ireland, dated the 30th day of May 169^, pafied 
to Mrs. Elizabeth ViHierSy now Countefi of Ork^ 
ney, of all tne private Eflates of the late King 
J^s (except ibme (mail part in Grant to the 
Ix)rd Athtone) containing 9/640 Acres, worth per 
Annum ^S99S '• '8 i. value Total J } 7943 /. 9 s. 
Coacluding, that there was payable out of this £• 
ftate Two Thouland Pounds ver Annum to the 
Lady Sufmmah BeUafis, and alio Ode Thoufand 
Pounds /^ Annum to Mrs. Godfrey for their Lives ; 
and that almoft all the old^ Leafes determined in 
M»f 1 701 ; and then this Eftate would anfwer the 
Values above mentioned. Sign'd^ Francis Annefley^ 
John Trencbard'^ James Hamilton, and Henry Lang^ 

The Commons having perufcd and examined 
this Report, came to an unanimous Refblution, Thae 
a Bill be brought in to apply all $he forfeited Eftates, 
mid Interefts in Ireland^ and all Grants [thereof, and of 
the I{ents and l{evenues belonging^ to the Crown withir^ 
that Kjngdom, finee the 1 ^th 0/ February 1 688, to the^ 
Vfe^ of the Publicly ; and ordered a Claufe to be infcrti 
ed in that Bill, for ereSing a Judicature for determine 
'If Claims touching the faid forfeited Eftates. They 
liSewife relblv'd. That they would not receive any Ptf- 
tition from any Perfon whatfoever, touching the /aid 
(Brants or forfeited Eftates ; and that th0 would tak^ 


WILLI AM the ThirJ. 431 

into Covjideration the great Services perfortnU fy the A. C!* 
Commijjf oners affomted ta enquire into the forfeited E- 1690^ 
^atcs 0/ Ireland. ^ L^V%J 

'Tis eafie to imagine how ill thefc Proceedings A remark' 
were relifh'd at Court ; but 'tis hardly to be con- able Fafi 
ceiv'd^'how uneafic the King was aboar the follow- f^S^ ^^^^ 
ing Paflagc: While the GomtBilllQacrg, appoint- '^*if ^* 
cd by Parliament, were dlfcharging their Truft in *^If^^^ 
Ireland, Mr. Ai—- a Member of the Houfe of Cona^ gtIS*^ ' 
mons, (ent them a Letter (of his own private Mo- ^' 
tion) wherein he idireftcd them, to mnk^ a Separate 
Article of the Lady Orkney 'j Gran^s^hecai^e thatmiwht 
refieEt uponfome Body - Meaning the King. Another 
Member having learn'd the Concent* of that Letter 
from Mr. Ai— ^, and bein^ zealous to vindicate his 
Ma Jefty's Honour, which he though* was ftruck at 
in that Letter, complain'd of ic to the Hfoufe, Be- 
ing preft to tell his Author, he at firft excus'd him- 
felf, alledging, he was undier an Obligation, not tsr 
reveal what had paft in a private ConverfitioQ • 
hut the Houie threatning to fend hiaa to the Tamr'^- 
be namM the Perfon from whom he had this Re- 
port ; wh^ch Perfon, who was alb a Member of the 
Houfe, denied flatly, that he had ever nrentioa'd a^ 
ny (uch thing. Thus the affe6tionate Stickler* for 
his Majefty being left in the Lurch, the HoHfe * re- + Jan. t< 
folved, That the /aid l^eport was Hife and Scandalous ': \ ^%[ 
And a Motion being made, that the Four Commif' 
fibers for Irifll Forfeitures^ who Jigft'd the H^part prc^ 
ftnted to the Houfe^ had acqmtttd themfelves in the 
Execution of that Cjmmijjion, with Vttderftanding and 
Integrity^ a warm Debate ai^ofc thereupon, whidi 
was adjourn'dto the next day, wJicn the Commons *" Jag. lA 
refolved. That the faid Commijfioners had acquitted 
themfelves in the Execution of their Cjomns^ton^with Vn^ 
derfianding^ Courage and Integrity'^ T/jot Sir Richard 
Levmg, one other of the Commijfioners^ had been the ^ 
Author of the grousuUtfs and fcandalous Afperfwns caft 
upon the four Cammiffioners beforemention'd ; and that 
the faid Sir Richard Leying be committed Brifoner to 
the Tower of Lonion for the faid Offence. Two day« 
rfter,'dicBiU jfor applying the /r«/fe Forfeitures, to 
the Ulc of th« Pirf>lick was read % Ikoad: time, and 


43* ^^c R^^g^ ^/^^^i 

A. C. cotntnitted to a Committee of the whole H(S 
1700. Upon this Occafion, the Courtiers made a Moii 
V«#V^«/ ^ caus'd the Qpeftion to be put, %at tbef(uii 
ijuu it. tmnec be imf^wer'd to receilfe a Cldufe (or l(e/inii 
y§tei *. Profartian 4/ the forfeited Bfidtes in Ireland, ti 
gsi^tb$fiJiff^4l cfhis MdtteSt}^ which paiCng in cheNegfl 
thM hsi Jt ^ju ^ relolv'd, That the Advifing^ Procuriti^^ id 
T!^^Au ^ ^^ -^'^ Grants efthe fwfeited Mnd ether Ejie 

fbgarms '™^*'» ^^ ^^ ^^ Occafien of eentrecliiii 
eftkiltiOi ^^^^ ^f^ ^^ Nation, and levj^ing heavy Tixes n 
Wetfeitum.^^^P^ \ Tit«^ the advifing and faffing the feUQri 
was higUy refkSirig on the I^n^s Honour '^ Anik 
Officers and Inftnments concerned in the Promin 
Faffing thefe Grants J had highly f4iP din the!4 
ame of their Truft and Duty, 

Bf^faeff of By this dme the Cotnmoni were enter'^ 

the Si^fy.ike bufioefi of the Supply, and had at (eveniif 

!* Otc. 0. made die following Reiblutions : That die Sii 

76383 /• now remaining in the Exehequerupot 

Account of the Subfidy of Tuimage and Vm 

with what (hoidd ari(e from the fame Fund) i» 

sf th of that Month, fliould be applied tovari 

Payment of Seamen's Wages ; that wfaoibererlk 

advance or lend a Sum, not exceeding 120c 

for the further Paying of Seamen's Wages, ft 

be repaid the lame, with Idtereft at five ?(m 

Cent, fer Annum, out of the firft Aid to be granto 

t Dec. ai.Scffion. t That Seven Thoufand Men be 1^ 

plement for Sea-Service for the Year 1 700. for 

teen Months ; And that the ufiialPay offburPc 

fer Month be allowed for maintaining thel» 

ven Thoufiind Men, including the Ordnaoc 

- ^ * Sea-Service ; * That 18000 Pounds Idc allot 

•Jan. 10.. Bounty-Money to the Officers of the Fleet; 

. • 90000 /. for the Extraordinary of the Navy jt 

t Jan. *'• -QQQQo /. be granted to his Majefty for mai^ 

Guards and Garilbns, and 25^000/. for the OS 

Ordnance, for the Year 1 700 ; and that Half P 

allow'd to the disbanded Officers, not otherwii 

vided for .- Which laft Vote was prindpapj 

ine to Mr. How. . 

In order to raife the Supply already graitfa 

Commons refolv'd, (o lay a Tax ofcwoSbii 

WILLIAM thethirJ. 43J 

the^TPound For one Year, Upon all Lands, i^enfipns, A. C* 
Offices, ai^d perlbnal Eftatcs ; and at the f fame time. 1700. 
they appomted a day to connder of the Grants made V^^'VV^ 
fincc the fettling the CivilLift upon his Majefty.^^/^wii* 
Upon the iix^ pi February the Bill for levying the ^^^'• 
two Shillings Aid was rcgd a fccond tiriie, and com.tJw. atf* 
mitted tb a Committee of the whole Houfe, to Whooi w^ 
the Bill for refiiming the Forfeited Eftatcs in ^^^i^»dj^^^ 
Vas alfb committed ; and who were or^er'd to join ^///^^^t^ 
both the (aid Bills together, and to receive a C{aufefv fke m. 
of Credit, and another of Apptropriation^ Not many my bUL 
days * after the Houfe being intormMj That kvttzi* tcb. y. 
Grantees of forfeited Eftates in Ireland^ were felling 
Timber, and committing other Waftes, they refoU 
v'd, That fiich Perfbhs (hould be anlwerable fof the 
lame, and dii*eded the Committee of the whole. 
Houfe to infert a Claufe in the foremeiitlon'd Bill 
of Reliimption, for thatpurpofe. The next t day t Feb* (J, 
the ^Commons refolv'd to grant a Supply to his 
Majefty, for the difeharging iht Debt due to the 

Towards the middle of * fehrutiry thie Commohs* Feb. i%l 
In a^ Grand Committee cdnfider'd the State of the ^f^rther 
Kation, and a Motion being made, and the Qtieftion ^^^^^f dings 

put. That the procuring or obtaining of Grants of £- J^f *' '•'* 
fiates belonging to the Crownj by any publkk^ Miniftet^**^^^^* > 
concerrid in the direBing or faffing fuch Grdnts to or for 
^heir own Vfe or Benefit, whiiji the Nation lay under th& 
heavy ^axes of the late IVar, was highly injurious to hit 
IMajefty, frejudicial to the State, and a Violation of the 
Truft repefed in them, the CoUrt Party carried it in the 
Negative ; but at the lame time they cave their Con- 
tent to an Order for bringing iti a Bill, to refume the 
Grants of all Lands and Hevehues oftheCroWn^ and all 
Penjiotis granted by the Crown Jince the 6th <>/February 
1^684, and for applying the fame to the Vfe of the Pub* 
ticl{ : Which Order was however o^ no Effedl ; by 
Rcafon it touch'd rtuny of King Jamss*^ Friend^; 
Two days t after the Cdtnmons proceeded to confi.+ peb, tj. 
der further oi the State of the Nation, and upon a 
Very hoc and long Debate, itWasretbW'd, That aH 
Addrefs be frefented tQ hit Mdjefty, reprefenting to him 
the Hefolfitiont cfthis Houfe oft hi: litb o/Januafy laft^ 

£ € e e rtUting 




Dth $§ tbi 




Fell* 17. 

The Reign ^ ttng 

Uting to Grants cf the forfeited Efiatti M 
The Tame day the Commons relblved, ' Tl 
' Supply be granted to his Majcfly, towanl 
Payment of his Proportion of the Debt owii 
the Prince of Denmark } And the Moneys tob 
(cd to be laid out in this Kingdom, andiecdc 
on the Prince and Princeii and their Iffue,a( 
ing to their Marriage Agreement ; That a 
drefi be preiented to his Majefty, that be \ 
pleaie to ufe his Endeavours to procure other f 
and States to pay their Proportions of tlie 
due to his Royal Highnefs ; And that aSup 
alfb granted to his Majefty for the carrying 1 
Coitiage of the Gold and Silver of thisKof 
for continuing the Contra£h and Circulati 
cbeauer Bills tor one Year longer ^ for makh^ 
botn the Deficiencies of the Aid of three S 
in the Pound, granted in the Eighth Year 
Majcfty's Reien ; of the Duty on Paper audi 
ment, granted the (ame SeiHon of Parliai 
of Malt-Tickets, and of the Quarterly Pol 
ed in the Ninth Year of his Majefty 's Rdj 
paying oflF the Debt due for Tranfiwrt-S 
and laftly, for the Payment of the Debt due 
Navy, and the Sick and Wounded Seamen: 
wards railing of which SuppHes,theCommoDsr 
two days * after. That only one Moiety of tU, 
Duties paid uf on the Importation of TaUow Csd 
Ireland, be drawn back^ upon the Export Atm A 
That the forfeited EJiates and other Interests «! 
to be vefied inTruSlees^ for the benefit of the Prf 
mpflied towards SatisfaQion of the /aid Debt tt 1 
»ir, the Trati/port Debts y and Tallies or Tickets tf 
eient Funds ; ^nd ihat a farther Duty be W 
fProujgit Silisy Bengals^ and Stuffs mio^i wisify 
Herba^ of the ManufaRure of Perfia, China, • 
India, and all CaOicoes painted^ dyed^ printed 9 

tberej until the ^oth of Septcmbcx 1701. 

On the ^ift of February the Commons, in^ 
having waited upon the King, with their A« 
the I y th of that Month, in Relation to the Irjj 
feitures, his Majefty told them : Gemtlemtstf 
I not only led by Inclination, but thougitf ' 

WILLIAM the mrJ. 45/ 

^ oblJg'd in Juftice, to reward thoft who had firv'd A. C 
^ well, and paniculariy in the Reduftfon of ^eZ-mrf, 1700* 
^ out dtthe Eftates forfeited to me, by die Rebellion o-vVJ 
^ there. -.~ The long War in which wc were ea- Xtt Kin£t 
, gag'd, did occafion great Taxes, and has left the vft/aw ro 
^ lotion much in Debt ; and the taking jiift and<*» c**^ 
effi;£hial Ways for Icffening that Debt, and ftp- *•»» •'*^ 
• Po«JoS,PubUck Credit, is what, in my Opinion,*'-'!''*^. 
wiUbeft contribute to the Honour, fntereft andf'Vr 
Safety of die Kingdoai. The Speaker having fire l"S.« '^ 
days after, reported this Anfwer, the CommonsC ir ' 
-were fo proyok'd by it, that they repaired, That wSc- Pn/imed 
I Joewr ddv$s d tt, had ufed his utmofl Bndetnioar to erente if the 
1 a MiftmderStandtng and Jeaioujk beween the Kinp andCtmmtiu- 
! ^People. The feme t day die Commons re^'d,^*""^*** 
1 That towards railing the Supply , a Duty be laid upon '** ^*fi' 

• all Hops miooited into Ireland, except fach as are 
I ot the CTowth of this Kingdom ; and on the firfl of 
I March. Colonel Gram>He reported from the Comnnt- 
i tee of the whole Koufe, who had confider'd the 

1 btate of his Majcfty's Revenue, That it waS their O- 
I pmion, That there had been a peat Lofi in bis Maie'. 

• ^' S^Tn ^f *f'^'' .*' f*' Mtt^ice of the Pullict , 
to which Refolution the Houfe agreed ; andmore! 
over refolv'd. That it be an Inftruaten to the Committee 
t c- **^^!„**«'/'. '» "^^om the Land-Tax and Irift 

I Forfetture Bills were committed, that they receive a Claufe 
I t0 enable hs s MtqeSty, for the Improvement of (he Revenue, 
, to let to Farm the Duties of Excife, if he thought fit ; 

' "^r^ tt^'A'""" ^'f'^^'o* ^'Ifo^ that n^ M^er of 
I thts Hot^ebe concerned in the Farming or Managing the 
I ^enue of Excife. * 4 fi 

On the 7th of March, the Commons having take* ^ . , 
, mto confidetation the Services perform'd by tbe^' f*?'-- 
! go'nnj'ffiooe" 'PPpinted to enquirt into the Irj^^'^f** 
^«/p "^J* K^°*^5' ^*' *«= S""* of oneThotTtT^*- : 

S^ i%'^P^''' tOtheEarlofDr.^*.^., PranoiSOr, 
t^&i vt' ^""'''r^^ 3<imes H/miJton, Henry feiSurT 

tarv to the Commtffioners ; and the Sum o|- r oo / 
onlF to Sir Rtchard Loving, and Sir Francis BrLner ' 
SdrlnL^ Co^miflioncr., in confidcration o^ '^ 
I ™"rExpeocCT J which Sums were order'd to be paid 

Eeee a out 


43« ^^ ^^'«» •/ ^^*« 

A. C <Mit o( the trifh Forfeitures. Fi^e dayg t afcer^ the 
1700. Commons made an end of the Bufinefs of the Sup- 
^^^J'^^ pljy haybg agreed to thefe Relblutions: Th^t the 
t March fi^^^Hf^gf ^^ ^^ ^^^^ 700QOO Pounds of this Teuft 
12. Proime ^theSuhJidies^ Duties^ amd /mail Branches tf 

Wa TiLhtbe ^fifemte sffrofriand to theSorvioe of hit Majeftft 
t'mg to thi Houjbotd^ be dfflied for tlje Serviee of the tear 1 706. 
^»^i^* That tomardi tin further raifiitg the Suffh already grmu- 
edy the Sam of 60000 Poun4s b^rai/ed ly enlarging tk 
time to furchafe Annuities y Tijat the Additional Do- 
ties of xj /• per Cent, on all f^rench Goods^ and xj /: 
per Cent, on ^f French H^nes ondBrandys^ the D»^ 
ey of Five Shillings per Tun upon iiiir French Sbipping^ 
the Ptantaiion Duties ^ and Duty of one ShiUing ad 
ten Pence per Pound weight upon all fVrought 5s/^j, k 
• applied for the Service of this frefent Tear ; That a fa- 

ther Duty to be laid upon all fVrougbt Silks^ Bengdb^ 
and Stuffs mix^d with Silkier Herba^ of the ManttfaBure 
rf PerCa, China, or Eaft-Indu, and all CalUats 
fainted or ftained there^ imparted before the ) oth ofScf- 
cember 1701. be ij /. per Cent* upon the Grqp Sola 
at the Candle^ over and above the Duties nem fayabk 
for the fame ; And that a further Duty of if I. per 
' Cent, be laid upon all Mu/lins imported ; Which t£tj 
ordePd to be forniM into a Bill, dire&ing the Com- 
mittee, appointed for that purpofe, to bring two 
Claufes into the Bill ; one (or a Draw-back of the 
Duties upon kaft-India Goods, upon the ^Exportati- 
Bnemtragb- pn thereof ^ And. another Cor the importing Cuftom 
meutgivtnb^^ a certain quantity oi Paper for the Prmtiog Or. 
for Printm Atix\ Ecclcfiaftical Hiffory ; which was to confill 
i^» of feveral Volumes in Folio. '&ut notwithftandiog 

fhis confiderable Encouragement, I hear the Print- 
ing of that great Work is now wholly laid afide. 
Trufitesfor ^^ ^^ ^^^^ of the feine Month, the CommoDS 
the Ir J A ha^ ing confider'd of the Number, Qpalifications and 
Porfatures Manner of chooHng the Truftees for the EiUl oilrifii 
appointed. Forfeitures, refolv'd, That the Number of the faU 
Trufteei be Thirteen ; Tlmt no Perfon be a Truftee^ wb$ 
had any Office or Profit^ or was accountable to bis Aii- 
jefty ; or was a Member of this Houfel And that thi 
faid Truftees be choCen by baBotinv. Two * days after, 

the leveral Mcmben of the Houfe having giiring in 

WILLIAM the Thirl 

Lifts of thirteen Perfens Names, which were put into A: C, 
Glafles, the Majority fell upoti FrancU Anne/ley^ 1700. 
James Hamthon^ John Baggs^ John TrencharJ^ James ' ' 
Jjhamj Henry Langford^] fames Hooper, Efquires, Sir 
Pyril Tf^che^ John Cary Gent. Sir Henrj Sheer fs, ^Tho- 
mas Harrifon E<q; Sir John Worden; UViBiam Feh 
lowes and Thomas i^4w/j»/ Efquires. The two laft 
Perfons having equal Voices, either of them muft . . ( 

have been left out ; but the Houfe being inform'd, ' -. 
that Sir John yVor4en'vr^s a Baron of the Exchequer 
in the County Palatine of Chefter^ during his Life, -" 
at a yearly^ Salary from the Crown, it was r^fblv'd ; , 

ithat the faid Sir John VVorikn was not capable of 
being a Truftee in the (aid Bill, and (b the other 
two flood. On the ^d of April, theConjmons paft 

the Bill, /<?r grhnting an Aid to his Majejiy, by 'Sale ef' 

the forfeited and other Ejlates and Interefts in Ireland, 

and by a hand-T^x in Englapd,/or thefeveral Purfofes ^ 

therein mentiotid^ apd ient it tp the Lords for theij? 

Concurrence. \ 

To juftifie their Profzeedings, if not tp C3cpo(e thei^^ q^ 
Conduft of the Court, the Conjmons t brcfer'd the^i^^^y ^^i 
Report of the CJommiffioners for Irijh Forfeiture; to Cc^rr, /« 
be publifliM ; * And that the Refolutioris of the rtUtim to 

• 1 8th of' January laft ; the Refolutioh of the 4th oi Forfeitures 

• April 1 6§o. relating to the forfeited Eftates ; his ^^ps'd. ' 

^ Majefty's Speech to b5th Houfes, the yth of Janu^ t April t^ 

* dry 169?. the AddrdG of the Houfe to the King 

* the ijthof Fehrtiary \2L% his Majefty's Anftrer 

• thereuhto, the x6th of tjie fime Ff^r/147, and the ? 

* Refolution of the Houfe thereupon ; and l^ftly,' 1 

* the Addrefs of the Houfe of Commons of the 4rli I 

• o{ March 169]. and his Majefty's Anfwer thereun- 

* to, be alfo reprinted with the faid Report ; ancf ^ 

• rcfblv'd, TChaf the procuring or pajjing exorbitant 
^ Grants by any Member norp of the Privy Coimeil, or bj^ 

• any other that had been a Privy Counfellor in this or ^ 

* ^ny former ^ign, to hi^ Vfe or Benefit^ rpasa bigk 

On the other hand, the Court, finding their Party 1 

extreaifily weak in the Houfe of Commons, endeaV 
ybur'd to opp6fe the Paffing of the complicated Bill 
in the Houfe of Lords ; to which the Majority oF 
^at iUuftriou^ Aflcmbly were enclin'd^ ^me o^ 

43^ ^ ^^^i?* ^/ ^^*g 

A. C. of Complasfiiice to the King, and moft of dKm, be- 
1700. cauie they look*d upon the Tackifjg of one Biil to mi- 
C^'VV^ tbn^ as aa Innovation in Parliamentary Proced- 
Divifim ingf i and (udi ai evidently tended to retrench, if 
kitwem not wholly to take away the (hare the Peers of £«f- 
^IIJ^^T^ ought to have in the Legiflative Authorkji 
fi!f'/ But becauie they could not rejc« the BilU wiihout 
«w7« urtr j^j^^j^g ^^ urgent NcceiCties of tke State unpro- 
vided, their Lordfliips contented thonfelves to make 
• A *l 1 S^^ Amendments to that fiart of it that related to 
- ^^***' Forfeitures. The Commons havipg * confidcr'd, 
and imanimoufly difapprovM the iaidAmendmems, 
lent to defire a Conference with the Lords thereup- 
on i Appointed a Committee to draw up Reaibos to 
be offered to their LordChips ; Reiblv'd, That two 
days after they would proceed in die farther OmU* 
deration of the Rei>ort given in by the Commiiiio- 
ners for hf& Forfeitures ; And ordered a Lift oi his 
Majefty's Privy Council to be laid before At 
Houfe. On the 9th of jlpril a Conference was ma- 
naged between both Houks, in which the Lords did 
warmly infifl on their Amendments, and the Com- 
moAs as vehemently maintain their Diiagrecm^t 
f Ayril with their Lordfliips. The next t day two Confe. 
*^* reacts were had on the fame Subjed, and with a 

little Succefi .• At which the Commons were^ exv- 
perated, that they ordered the Lobby of their Howe 
tobrclear*d of all Strangers j the Back doors of the 
Speaker's Chamber to be lock'd up ; and that the 
Serjeant (hould ftand at the I>oor ^the Houfe, ^ 
^Ser no Members to go forth, and then proceeded 
to take into Confideration the Report of the Jrilh 
Forfeitures, and the Lift of the Lords of thePnvy 
Council. The King being informed of the Hi^h ^^^' 
ment the Commons were in, and apprehending tb^ 
Conlequences, fcnta private MeiEige, (by the t** 
of AlkenmrU) to the Lords to pafi the Bill witnouc 
any Amendments, which their Lordfliips did ac- 
cordingly, and acquainted the Comnx>ns ^'^.^ 
This Condefceniion did. not wholly appeafe .^ 
Commons, who purfiiing their Refentmenc a^aifl^ 
the prefent Minlftiy, put the Queftion, Xfr^ ^^ f^ 
dr^s h msde W iu Afajejh fa riwm^ John *^''^ ^^ 

WILLIAM theThlrl. 439 

^ers hwi ChafteeSor of England, from his Pfefenet A. C. 
^nd Councils forever: which, tho' it was carried in 1700.- 
the Negative, by Reajon of the acknowlcdg'd Mc.V^Y%l 
tlty and great Services of that Peer, yet it was re- 
Iblv'd, ThaP an Addrefs be made to hif Majefty, That 
no Ferfon who was not a Native of his Dominions^ ex^ 
cept his Hpyal Highnefs Prince George ©/Denmark, bo 
Admitted to his Maieji/s Councils in England or Ire- 
land. The King did not think fit to give the Com- ' 
mons time to prefent him this unpalatable Addrefi ; ^^^ p^/f^ 
and therefore having the next * day paft all ftch ♦ Aprit 
ASts (a) as were ready for the Royal Affcnt, he cau- 1 1, 
ft 4 the Earl of Bridgwater to prorogue the Parlja- The Parli^ 
mjenttotheajdof M^j^^ amentfrp^ 

. (a) Ho 

wit^ An 
AB for granting an Aid to his Maiefty, by Sale of the Forfmcd 
4nd other Eflates and Interefts in Ireland, and by the Lani-Tasf in 
England for the feveral furfofes therein mentioned, z. An AS 
for laying further Duties upon Wrought Sil^s, Mujlins^ and fonts 
ether Commodities of the F^ Indies, and to enlarge the time for 
fur chafing certain I^erfionary Annuities tb^ein mentioned: 3. 
Au AB for the more effehual Employing the poor^ by encouraging 
fhe ManufaBures of this Kjngdom. 4^ An ABfor 4ccrtaining the 
Me4ureri^ Ale and ^er. j. An AB to enable his Mijeftfs Na- 
tural born SubjeBs to inherit the ^fiates of their Ancejiors, ei- 
ther Lineal or Cp Hater al, notwithfianding their Father or Mother 
were Aliens. 6. An AB for preventing frivolous and vexatious 
Suits in the Principality of Wales, and the Counties Palatine, 7. 
An ABfor the better preferving the Navigation of the fivers Avoi^ 
and Froom, and Cleanfmg^ Paving, and Enlightning the Streets of 
fhe City 0/ BriftoL 8, An AB to enable the Mayor and Citi:(ens 
pf the City of Cheftcr, to recover and preferve the Navigation 
upon the Kjver Dee- 9. An ABfor the further preventing the. 

Sowth of Popery. | o. An ABfor making the I{iver I^arke, alia^ 
ump, NavigabU^ 11. An AB for the more effcBual punifh- 
^T f ^^S^^^H ^^ finding them by Law whither they ought 
fo be font. ix. An AB tq prevent Difputes that may arife by Of. 
peers and Members of Corporations having negleBed to Sign the 
Affociation^ and taking the Oaths ind^uetime, ^3. An ABfqv' 
ibeRepair of Dov^r Harbour. 14. An AB to puni^ Governors of 
fjantations m thie K^ngdaniy for Crimes committed by them ' i^ 
IS! iim^m* IJP. 4ff ^Bfir the more effeBHal^fpreJfm of 

44© 3^^ R^ig^ ff f^'^^g 

^*/^^' r 7. An AS to refeai an AS nude in fhe KnA I 

*fi Ma/eft/s Heign, entituleJ an AH for rendering^ the Ln 

fffeSiuU for preventing the Importation of Foreign Bm 1 

Loom-lace^ Needle^nork^^ Point andCufworl^^ riiretfAtobi 

the Prohihition of the Woollen Mant^aHures in Flanders Jl I 

tal^en off. 1 7. An jiH for the letter afcertaining the T; i 

Hemp and Flax. 18. An 4H to enable Jujiices of the h\ 

build and repair Goals in tJjeir refpeSive Counties, 19. ii 

for continuing feveral Lam therein mention^d^ andfortxf^ 

^n 4^y entituledj An AH to prevent the Exportation ofWk\ 

9f Phe l^ngdoms of \rAzt\d andl^xxghxi/ii into Foreign ?eiti. 

for the Encouragement of the Woollen Manufactures of ^\ 

dom of England, ao. An AH for the explanation td J 

execution of former AHs made touching Vf^atcr-tnen ani^ 

men rowing on the H/vcr of Thames, and for the better Oj 

and Governing thejaid VVater-men^ Wherrj-men andUiin 

^fon the faid I(iver between Gnvdknd and Windfor. J 

'AH for talking away the Duties upon the VVboll^n Mmi^ 

Corny Grain, Bread, Bifcuit^ and Meal, exported. *2. dn^ 

raifing the JAilitiafor the Tear 1700. dltho^ the Months^ 

tnerl^ advanced be not repaid, %^, An A^ for the aff» 

Commijjioners to tal{e, examine, and determine th^ Dehti 4 

, the Armjf and Navy, and for Iranfport- Service j and alfo 

count of the Prij^es taken during the late War^ 24: M ^ 

diffolve the D«^ff V NorfoIkV Marriage with the Lnij^ 

Mordant, and to enable him to Marry again, xf. dn t 

continuing the Governor and Company of Merchants trddini^ 

Baft- Indies a Corporation , and feveral private AHs- Nofli 

ehere was another publicly BiHpaft this Seffion on tkf J^W 

bruary, viz. An AH for taking away the Bounty -Monejfi'^ 

pming Corn, fron^the ^th ^February i^Si. to the %^thi 

tember 1700/ 

BeTides the Reftmprion of the JV^ Forfe 
and the (canty Cat leaft dubious) Prof^ifiofl fr 
Debts of the Nation, feveral other, things wci«* 
by this Parliament, which wer« almoft 35 utf 
fill to the Court. Towards the beginning «^ 
Seilion, a Bill wasfet on foot in the Houfi ff ^ 
for qualifying Jujiices of the Peace , and a ColDflw 

appointed to infpeH the Commiffions of the ft^!^ 
CorwniJJions for Deputy Lieutenants, as ^heyjj^^ 

gnd as they were for Seven Tim hfi f^fi. 7*^^ ^ 

VntLlAUthe Third. 441 

awrtec having made Report to die Houie, that not A. C. 
only marty Ferlbns Dillenting from the Church o{ 1700.^ 
BngUnd^ but Men of (mall Fortunes, and who con- Vi^Vv^ 
lequently had an ehtire Dependance on the Court, 
Vere put into thofe Places, die Commons * refolv'd, ♦ jj^ ^^ 
That an Addrefs be made to hitMajefiyy that it ypoutdj^eConH 
much conduce to the Service of his Myefty^ and the Goodmias Ad^, 
t(f thi$ Kjngdom^ that Gentlemen of Quality and good dnfs mbont 
miates hs reftor^.d and put into the Commijjions of the *he Cnv-^ 
^eace and Lieutenancy^ andthatiMenofJmaUEfla,tes^^^Jr^^ 
ke neither continued^ net fUf into tht faid CmAm^ns 1 1 1/ *^'' 
Which Addrefs being t prefented to the Kirtg by th^J^J*^ 5; 
whole Houfe, his Majefty told them ; * He was of the j^njverf 

* Opinion, that Men of the beft Quality and Eftates, 

* were moft proper to be intruded in the Commit 

* iions of the Peace and Lieutenancy; aiid that Pire- 

* ^ions (hould be given accordingly. Which Anfwer 
w^ & jpleafing to the Commons that they retum^^ 
their Thanks to his Majefty in a Body ; upon which 

* occasion the King afuir'd them, He jfhould always * April 4.' 
endeavour to do what was for the Good of the FuificL 

The Grand Committee of Trade upon the Re-" 
preientations made by the Merchants, of feveral Pi- , 
raci^ committed in the Bafi-Indies by Captain ^dd^J^fJ** *f 
and his CreW^ examined the Copies of ftveral Com-*^ . ".T 
jtiiffions given «P the (aid #;//«;• of his Majefty 's^""'''**'^ 
Warrant for a Qrant of Pirates Goods to the* Ear| 
of BeUamont and others ; of an Indenture between 
hi^ Majefty .atid the iaid Earl ; of a Letter from the 
j^ords of t^ Trealury to that Earl about lending o- 
ver the Treasure ftiz'd in KidtPs Ship ; of another 
Letter to the (aid Earl about ieizing of Kidd-^oit^ 
veral Papers received from the Earl of BeUamont^ 
dnd of a Petition of the Old Baft India Company^ 
prefented to the Kit}g on the aift of September 1699 ; 
and then brought in a Bill for the moreeffeBual Suf- 
pefpm of Piracy, gome time t after, upon Information t Maf«i^ 
that Capt. Ki^d was lent for Home, from the Weft^ : 
. Jndies^ the Commoni addreft the Kingj That the faid 
Caft. Kidd r^ght not be try% difchar^dorfardon^ufH' 
HI the next Seffion of Parliament^ and that the darl df 
BellamQnt,Gav^r»4r 4^^ew-England,fni]fi&# tranfinit 0^ 
ver all InfiruSions and Papers^ ta\en with or relating t9 

44^ The Reign ^ King 

II C It being evident b? feveral Inftances, tbat die 
1 700. Counciy Party prevail d in the Houfe of Commons^ 
Ky'yr^ the OU Bdfl-lndin Crnnfom made u(e of diis favoura- 
ble Opportuflit 7 ID have a Btll brought mfprcantU 
2j?il-i:.****K **«« 4 Corf^TMihn ; which notwithftandingcfae 
*«-»»*■ Oppofitioo ol the Nem Eaft IndiaCamoafig^fZndfhe En- 
ZHI^j dcavoun of die Courtiers, pafe'd both Houfes, lb 
^ ' tbat his Maleftywasoblig'd to give it hisRoyal Aflenr. 
Beiides tne A^urs 01 Bniimid^ die Remonftranccs 
of the Sffch India Company did mudi perplex his 
Majefties Thoughts : 0^tbe4thof/>rcm^er, 1699. 
the Council General of that Company Writ a Letter 
to the Sc9$cb Secretaryof State in England, acqusuiu- 
ing his Lordfliipv ^ That they had i>revaird upon 
^ the Lord Bafil HMmilttm to «> up with an Addrefi 
-^^ ff * ^^ ^'* Majcfty in behalf of Capuin f^^bert Pinkar- 
fib^cotch* ^Mif and thirty more, vhq were wrpngtully detained 
Cmpsny to ^ Pnlbnen at Carthagiua finoe the beginning oiFebnh 
tbi Seen* f my (then) laft paft , and as thev were inform'd^ moft 
ur^ of * inlHimanely treated. That they were daily iinpor- 
Scotland. ^ tuned by their Relations (who were very confidera* 
' * ble) for their Relief; and it was of great Concern 
^ to the Company, that (bmetbinff material (hould 

* be (peedily done therein, not only for the &ke of 
^ the fiiid rrilbnen, but tbat others might thereby 
^ (ee they did not abandon thelnterefl: of fuch as en^ 

* gag'd thcmlelves in their Companv's Service. 
^ wnerefore they entreated his LordQiip, that he 
i would be pleas'd to introducetbe Lord Bajil HannU 

* ten to the King, in prefendng the (aid Addrefi, and 

* to affift him in procuring a aracious I^eti^rn From 
T^Ch^ € |jj3 Majefty. Thereupon the Lord Chat^cellor 
L,ettir t$ ^^^^ ^ Letter to the Scotch Djre^lors, impordng, 
tb€ Diti^ ^**^ ^^ ^^fif* Seeretdzics •/ State acauainted bim^ 
0ors of V>^ ^^ Ki^ would not alUvtt my Lord Baul Hamilton* 
ihe Scotch Acc^s to bim, beeanfe he did nH wait ufon his MajeH/ 
bmtfmy^ xtben he was formerly in London ; and that he bad nc^ 
]aa. 9. em fiace given any fubiic\ Evidence of his Loyalty , nor 

bad hitherto oxttfd iis Majefiy^s Gevemment^ Bsu tbat 
kit M^efty would net rt^e to bear what my Lord BafiTs 
InJiruSiens xoere^ beii^ wiiHf^ to be inforvid of what^ 
the Cemfany drfvPd t And that if the Lord Etafi| 
would five M IfMtif^ to his Maj&fifs Secretaries^ vtba^ 
ie bad to r^r^enPf bit Usfe^ w^dreccivrpiformftA 

V— -t 

WILLI AM the third.^ 44J 

tfrom their Hands of wbai was JemanJkd^ and would A. (X 
Ive his Anfwer to the Comfanj. In fliort. That his 1700; 
iofefiy did not refiife the Petition^ hut would not allow 
\y l^ord Ba£il to he the Prefenter of it. At the fime 
rime, his Maiefty* to give the Company all the j*- •.. t 
refenc Satisftftion he could,, Wrote to his Council ^^^^^"^^ 
(Scotland: ' That whereas the Council Geoefal of ^^^.^ Cjir j7 
the African Company of that Nation^ had byp^j^o^ 
their Letter to the Secretaries of State, delir'd thathnd. 
they might give their Concurrence to procure ajan. io« 

?;racious Return to their Petition, which they had 
ent with Lord BaJU Hamilton^ and which together 
with his Inftru&ions, he had communicated to the 
I Secretaries of State ; And that they had lepreient- 
I ed to him what was defir'd in behalf of the &i({ 
I Company j And that he having rehis'd the (aid 
i Lord Bajil Hamilton Accefs, for the Realbns com^ 
I muhicated to the Lord Chancellor by the Secre. 
I taries ot State ; yet being willine to giv« an An- 
I ftver to what the Company dehr'd, his Majefty 
: was refblv'd, in the Terms of Treaties, to de- 
f mand from the King of Sfain^ that Captain P/V 
; kfirten^ and thofe ofhis Crew, who were detained 
I Prifoners at Carthagena, Ihould be fet at Liberty ; 
That it was his Majefty^s intention to advance the 
, Trade of Scotland ; and that the Subjeds of that 
; Kingdom (hould he allowM the fame Liberty of 
Commerce that others enjoy'd with EngUfh Plan- 
tations ; but that the three Frigats they demand* 

* ed havitig been given by Parliament, for Guard- 
' ing the CoaAs, he was refolv^d not to di(po(e of 

; them, till he had the Advice of his Parliament. He Dire^ 
In Anlwer to the (aid Chancellor's Letter, the £>i- Stors An~ ^^ 

* redors (ent another to the Secretaries of State for/*^'' '• ^ht 

* Scotland^ contsunin^ in Subftance * That the Coun- LordChan^ 
^ cjl General of their Company having thoudit fit^^^'*''* 

^ to (end up one of their Number with an Addre^ 
' to his Majefty, and with Inftruftions concerning 
' the Contents of thdr Company's former Petiti- 

* ons, they thou^t that none could be ukm capa- 
' Ue to difcharge that Truft than the Lord Bafit Ha^ 
^ milton^ as being thoroughly vers'd in the Cour(e o£ 
*:Cbe Company's Afiairs ; Nor more acceptable to 
his Majefty, as having no Objections made againft 

A. C 



l»d fiaffl 


The Reign of Ning 

him vlieo he jh& appointed, (everal Lords of kii 
Mafefty's Privy Council , being then prefent 
That they were fiirprizM to find by a Letter fron 
the Lord Chancellor, tha,t the Kingyrpuld not al 
low the Lord fi4/7/AccefSybecau(e<fapiadx)otwaite 
on his Majefty when laft in Londo f^hui his bn 
(hip being fent by, and having^ itmriidionsfroi 
the Council General, they coukL; fay nothing to I 
other than intreat their Lordfliips,^ Thattlic 
would ufe their Interefts with his' Majefty to alio 
the Lord Bafil to have Accefs to his RpyalPerfoi 
left the Refulal of it might not be only a Difo 
ragement to the Company, and all its well-Wil 
ers, but give ground to the Wdrlci to beta 
Thtat his not beitig allowM Accefs to his Majcfi 
^as upoti Account of carrying an Addrefs k 
the Company, which evtry Body knew ftooi 
Qeed «f, and had a juft Right to his MaJe(ly*sRc 
al Favour and Prote<9ipn. They alfo Writ tot 
Lord BaJU H4>»i7/^o»,7%atfas'the:^ werefenfiHc 
his generous condefcentidn to ihefir Requeft in < 
dertaking (b trouhlefbm a Journey to L^nkt^ 
that Tiqjc of the Year, purely tofervetheli 
reft of his Country ; So they could but hear 
rejgret, That the carrying the Company's 
miillon, fhould be the ocCaiion of putting adli 
guifliingMark upon^Perfbn qfhis LordihipsC 
lirv and Merit, as to be denied Accefs to his 1 
jetty's Reribn, becauie he had nbt waited on 
.Majefty when laft in London. That no Body 
j(b blind but might fee thro* that : And tbatwl: 
as they never heard that his LorcUhip bad< 
done any Tiling unworthy of his Quality, or 
confiftent with the Duty of a Loyal and Pea 
ble Subje£t • So they ftiU hop'd, that by bis 
dent Manag^pient, his Majefty niigbt beu 
ceiv'd of any Mifreprefentation heinighthv 
hini« and that he would yet condefcend to ( 
his (.ordfhip Accef^.to his ftoyal Perfen, ' 

g' eir Addrefi, and give a gracious Anfwcr to 
. ontents oi it, ancTthe other Partif^ulars meat 
f4 i^ hfe lnftru6|tpns; ' ' ''' " ' *' ' 

\^ i L L i A M th€ ihirj. 44^ 

0it the other hand the Houfe of Lords in En^rid A. C 
ireprcfcnted in an Addrefi to his Majcfty, * Th^t 1750. 
'^ according, to ; their Duty, being foUicJtous' for the C^\^ll 
Prcfcrvation^in4 Incfeafe of the Tradie of the jiddufs •/ 
Kingdom, dni!which the Support of his Majcfty*$ ^^f ^^. 
Greatnefi ai)dbk Honour fo much dciptertdedi isffUm 
Bellas the Security and Defence of his People, ^"'^ •/ 
had been ver)r,ii)prehenfivci, Thit the Step niadfej^JT'^JJ^ 
towards the. Settlement of the Scofi at ^^»''*^* Scotch 
might tend tbithe great Prejudice of Bngtand, and Settlment 
polubly to theDifturbance of that Peace and good at Darieit* 
CorreQx^ndence with the Crown ot Spain^ which Feb. ii« 
they cQncelv'dto be very advantageous,That there- 
tore they had taken the lame into (eriouS Confide* 
racion, and thought it proper to be laid bebre his 
Majefty, as the common Father ok both Countries. ^ 

And that as they were truly fenfible of the ^reat 
liofles their Neighbour Kingdom had fuftam'd, 
both hj Men and Treafjsre, m their Ex|>editions 
to that Place, .which they very heartily lamented; 
lb they (hould not endeavour by any Interpofition 
of theirs, to defeat the Hopes the Scots might ftiil 
entertain of Recovering theie Lofles by their further 
engaging in that Defi^n, but that they Judg'd liich 
a rrplecution on^ tjieir Parts, muft end not only 
in far greater Di&gpointments to themfelves,but,ac 
the fime Time, prove inconyenieni to the Trade 
and Quiet ot the Kingdom ^o.f JBngland. Thac 
they prefiimM to put his M^je^y in mind of the 
Addrefi o^ both Houfes of Parliament, prelemedi 
to his Majefty on the 1 7 th of December , 1 69/. in 
theclofe of which Addrefi his Maje;fi:y would fee 
the unanimous Sen(e of the Kingdpnd^ in relati* 
on to any Settlement the ^corj might m^Jce in the 
IVefi'lndies^ by virtue of an A6t of Parliament, 
paft about that Time in the Kingdom of Scotland^ 
which Was the Occafion of the Addrefi. That 
they alio humbly repreiented to his Majefty, That 
having received Information of feme Orders his 
Majefty had lent to the Governors of the Planta;- 
tionson that Subje£);, theHoufe had on the iSth 
of January then laft paft, come to this Re(oIution^ 
That his Majefty*s Plealure iignified to the Gover- 

4^6 The Reign of King 

A..C * nors of the Plantatidns, in Relation to theiM 

1700. * Settlement at Dariemj was agreeable to the lift 

' mentioo'd Addrefi oF botb Houfcs of Parliamcflt; 

And that on the 8th of that inftant fehruwrj^ U 

* Hbule came to a farther Refblution , That tbeSi 
^ tleoient of the Scon Colony at Dmrien^ wasioooi 

* (iftent with the good of the PiantatiotiTradeotdie 

* Kingdom. AlT which they hop'd htl M^dif 
I would take into hb Royal GonfkieratioD. 

This Addrefi was carried only by Four or Kr 

Votes,and about Sixteen Peers enterM their Piodi 

agaioil it« As for die Commons, they abfoH 

refiis'd to concur with it j but however, his Maff 

lU Kini^i made Anlwer, That lutvit^ received n wry Duvfii^ 

^^^ /• Jre^s from the Houfe (fPeers^ hi was pleased f te* 

^jljjf r^ ib«^> T^^. ^ would always havo a very peat regd^ \ 

^■*'v'* their Of inionj and that he affur^dthem^ shathed 

suver he wanting, hydll means, to frofhoto tbeJho\ 

tage and Good ^ the Tirade of England. At Atf^ 

Time his Majefty was fleas^d to dec/are j That he d 

mot but have a groat Concern and Tendermfsfor bis Sjf 

dom if Scotland, and a defite to advance their ff^ 

and Pro/ferity '^ and was veryjenfibly touched mViti 

Lqfs bis Subje&s of that Kingdom had fuftain'ihf^ 

nnbappy Expedition, in orders to a Settlement at Duia 

That his Maiefly did apprehend, that Difficulties eij^ 

too often arife p with HefpeB to the differtiu ^ 

terefi of Trade, between his two Kingdoms, unlefsji^ 

Means were found out to unite them more nearly anic^ 

fleatly ; wherefore he tool^this Opportuuity of puttni^ 

Houfe ofPeers inMind ofwhathe recommended tebisH 

tiamenty foon after his AcceJJion to the Throne, thiti^ 

Difyn t ^'^^^^ confidtref 4»Uftion ^twecn the two Kingdofl 

•wi^En! ^^^^ ^'' Majefly was of Opinion, That notbif^ »• 

glmij ^,1^ conm* fof e more to ttje Security and Happinefs c{^ 

Scotland. Kjftgdoms ; and was inclined to hope, that after thiji^ 

liv^dnear a Hundred T^ars under the fame Head, f^ 

happ Expedient might be found for malting tbeut 

People, in cafe a Treaty were fet on Foot for thatpurfi 

And therefore be very eameftly recommended that W^ 

to the Confideration of the Houfe. Hereupon the Ixff 

framed and pafs'd an A£fc for Authoris^ing certain Co 

miffioners of the Realm <?/ England, to Treat with C* 

WILLIAM the thirJ. 447 

htiffioners 0/ Scotland, /or the TVedof both KingdomSy A, Cf 
to which the Commons t refus'd to give their Con- ^joqk 
currcnce. About two Months * before, a Complaint 
'was made to the Houfeof Commons of a Printed ^•'"^ 

it highly reflecting on the Honour ofhif Majefty^ and Bnb 
Houjes of Parliament^ and tending to create Jealoufies 
and Animofities between the two J^ingdows of England 
and Scotland, was a Falfe^ Scandalous andTraiterous 
JLibel ; Ordered it to be burnt by the Hands of the 
common Hang-man, and Addreft his Majefty ta 
iiORie out his Royal Proclamation for the Diftover* 
ing and Apprehending the Author, Printer, and. 
Publiflier of the (aid Libel ; Which Proclamation, 
was publi(h*d accordingly. 

In the mean lime, notwithftanding his Majclly's;^*?^®^^* 
Proclamation iffucd out in Scotland on the i Sth o£^^7 
December laft, againft diforderly Petitiom^ngi th© '^'* 
Scotch went on with a National Addrefi to hm Ma- 
jefty, which was prefcntcd by the Marquis o£Tmee^ 
dale on the afth of March^ and imported^ * That 
' they being deeply afFcfied with the hard Qrqutu- 
ftances orthe Indian and African Company of: his. 
Majefty's Kingdom of Scotland^ both Abroad audi 
at Home, as being ot Univerfal Concern ta thci 
whole Nation ; And that his Majefty having bcea 
pleas'd by his Royal Anlwerto the CounalG^Cr 
neral of the Md Companies Petition, to fignifie^, 
That he very much regretted die Lofs which that 
Kingdom and the Company had then latdjr lu<- 
ftain'd: That upon all Occafions his Majefty^ 
would Protect and Encourage the Trade of^ the 
Nation, and that he would order the Parliament to 
meet when he judgM the Good of the Nation re- 
quired it : That they were thereby cncourag'd ia 
moft dutiful and humble Manner, to repre&ntto. 
his Majefty, That as the Eftates of Parliament and 
that Nation, which they reprefented, had a pecu- 
liar Intereft^ in the Concerns of the faid Comjpanjf^. 
as was particularly manifefted in.their Unaaimouj^ 
Addrefi to bisMajefty^ AuguM j. \6^. So the]^ 

* humbly 



7%e Reign cf kin^ * 

humbly conceived nothing could be fb conducible 
to (upporc the Credit /mdlocerefl: of the (aid Com- 
pany under its brefent Misfortunes^ as a Meeting 
of the laid Efutes in Parliament, and that the 
Good of the Nation, could, at no time, require their 
Meeting, mpire than at prefent. That tbey doubted 
not but that under the Influences of his Majefly's 
Favour and ProCe^on,toged)er with the Aflillance 
which might be reaibnabfy expelled from his £i!d 
Parliament, the (aid Company might be enabled 
to prolecute their Undertalcing with greater Aflu- 
ranee, and better Succefi, than hitherto they could 
have done, under^ the manjr Stops apd Ditticulncs 
which thejr met with f irom time to time. Where- 
fore they, in all humble Duty, moft eameftly en- 
treated, and moft afluredly expeded, That his 
Majefty would order his laid Parliament to meet as 
ibqn as Doilible ; which they ^doubted liot would 
tetid to tne Honour of his Majefty, and the gene- 
^ ral Good and Satisfaction of the Nation. 

Upon the Preletiting of tht^ Addrefi, one o( the 
CommiiConers fignified to the King, That ic was 
Eop'd his Majefty would be pleas'd to look iipon it, 
not only as a Petition for Allowing the Parliament 
to Sit, but likewile as a Teftimony of the Nation's 
Concern for the Intereft of the IndiMn and African 
Company. To which his Majefty Was pleased to 

anfwer. that that would be heft l(nown in ParlUment 
ami that the PaTliaffient could not Sit before the i /^th o 
May then next ^uing^ but that it would Sit then, 
iti gremb ^, the 2 1 ft ot February the Clergy of the Count] 
f/l^opery Palatine of Lancafter prefented a Petition to th 
cAn^iV. Commons of England^ pr^ying that fuch effcAua 
Methods as (bouTd be thought fit, inight be us^d t< 
ftop the growth ofPoperytj and preVent the mifchie^ 
ous EfFefts that wete otherwite likely to be prodt 
ced by the infolent Behaviour and Attempts' of Fi 
fijh Priefts: Whereupon Mr. How reported Gcoi 
the Committee appointed to enquire how far th 
Laws againft Pppi/h Reculants had been put in Ex< 
cution, and to propofe what further Remedies ^vei 
neceffary to (upprefs the Growth of Popery in thel 
Kingdoms^ and to ftrengtben the Protettant Relig 


WILLIAM tk third. 449 

5h, ' T^hat It did hot appear to them, that the Laws A. C 
againft Popifh Recufants had generally been put in tyod. 
Execution • That it was their Opinion, that a fur^ y^^^^^f^J 
ther Reward) be given to fiich rerlbns as fhould 
DifcoVer and Convift Pofijh Priefts or Jefiiits ; 
That it would be a further Remedy againft the 
growth oiPopety^ that perpetual Imprilbnment be 
inflifted upon Popifh rriefts and Popijh School- 
Matters, con vi6l upon the Oith of one or more 
Witnefles ; That no Pcrfon Born after the ayth 
day of March 1 700. being a Papift^ be capable oi 
inheriting any Title of Honour or Eftate within 
the Kingdom of England^ Dominion of A^/f j, oi: 
Town of Bfrrt^/c^upon Hmed : And that no Papift 
be capable of purchafing any Lands, Tenements 
or Hereditaments in the (aid Kingdom, either in 
his own Name, or in the Name oT any Perlbn irt 
Truft for him. The Commons having agreed to 
;hc(e Refolutibhs, ordered a Bill to be brought iti 
hereupon j which Bill (bon after received the Roy- 
al Aflcnt. 
*? Some time before^ the Duke of Norfo/% taking ^-xl>i Puki 
^^ Vantage of the Precedent made the laft Year in the of Nor- 

SCafe of the Earl of Macclesfield^ lodg'd a Bill in the folkVAf^r- 
, Houfe of Peers, t$ dijfohe bis Gract*s Marriage withriage dif. 
^ the Lady Mary Mordaht, and to enable him to Marry fol^^a. See 
1* «rftf*», which in few days paft both Houfes, not-^*^ yff^enm 
p!tf wichftifhding.the Oppohtion of the Dutchefe bf^'** 

'i ^ Before we leave this Seffion of ParUstment, we inuft ur, Stc- 
^tfi' take Notice of a Paflage that made at that time a grdat phcn* 
eft deal of Noife ; The Commons having appointed one preach^ 
Q c Mr. Stephens to pfeach before ihe-m on the 30th of hefm the 
icfc January i That Miniftet, who it (eems, was tainted ^oufe •/ 
Ijctf with Republican Principles, ihftead of aflerting the^*"""^"'- 
iflii^ Rights and Prerogatives oi Monarchy^ and (uicing bisJ^"' 3°' 
bc^ Sermon to the Occafion, which was a day of Humi- 
jDi Hation for the Murder of King Charles the I. by his 
tcji Rebellious Subie^ls, he exalted the Powef of the 
f i People ; jpreach'd up the exploded Opinions that 
jtiiii were the farft Caufe of that bloody and horrid Pat- 
jgsif ricide ; and Would have perfwaded his Honourable 
• iiAuditorsi that the Oblcrvatioii. of thisFa6li whidi 
ltd . Ffff has 

45:0 The Reign of tCmi 

A. C. luls tlw^t been f eligioufly kept by all PafliM^ 

iyoo. (hould be utterly abolifhy. Befides wtedavi^jS 

O^V^^, remarked, that he omitted prying for tk Parlia- 

H*v Scr- mcnt, and every branch of ttie Royal Family. Tte 

fn§n difi next day a Motion being made and the QuelHot 

iikid. put, that the Thanks of the Hou/e he given to M^.fe 

phens for his Sermon, it was cuTried in the Ncg« 

and rcfolv'd. That for the future^ no Perjon few* 

mended to. Preach iefinre the Hdu/e^ who is wiffit 

Ds'ffiitj of a Dean in the ChMrch^ and has mt P^i,f*^ 

Degree ofDoBor in Oivinity. 

Second while (he Parlian^nt was fitting, there ^4S>^' 

treaty if cond Treaty afiicated aind concluded betwecafi| 

PsrtitttH iand^ France ^tid HoUand^ whereby inftead ofilif^ 

egnclndtd. Ic6bfal Princc oi Bavaria^ (who dy'd on tbe<^' 

March 1 5: FciriTrfrr 1699. N. S.) the Archduke ^/'^''te^ij 

J*. S^ Jhria^ was to have all the Sfanffio Domijwoas,'* | 

within and without Emofe^ excejJt wkai^!* 

former Treaty had beeii aiUgn'd to the Daufbin^]^ 

FrMice'j And that the Duke of Z-^r^m, inft(^^^ 

own Country, which was alfo to be given toM 

(hould have the Dutchf of Aifif « ; and*eW 

o( ViUtdemonty t\ie County ol Biffcbe conferr'i^ 

him. His Majefty'j Ple»ipoteatiafies fortn* 

diis Treaty were the Earls of Portland atid7^/^. 

fie Crest Immediately alter the Parliament wa« p^ 

Seal taken the King fent the EsLrlo£P»ttiani to the LordO 

from thi cellor SomcTi to dempind the(5)-esit Seal kft^r^ 

Lord So* Whether his Majefiy made this ftep by his otfi' 

^^^' termination, or by the impujfe of his new f a^ 

isrho headed a growing Party., HiftioTy cannot jft 

but 'tis moft certain, that thereby hisMjl 

loft abundance of true FriendjBi> withoui P 

any real ones; For tho* Ube Lcrt'd Stf*^ 

been attacked by the Qsmmptvs, yet the JWJ 

of that Houfe bad warmly flood ep kihisft* 

And as the abandoning ib faithNl a Miniflff^ 

^ot but difcourage others fromr embracing ^ 

his Majefty's Service *, fo his Majefty's yicMj 

tamely (if I may beallow'd the ^prefiioQifiJ 

iftgofaPrince who was a Hereie intheKd 

the faint and neg^ive Refolves of Ac H« 

Conunom, ccmld noi h^t lay %m ooeii to ^ 

_ I 

. \ 

WiLtlAM/fe ThifJ. 45:1 

gdroiis AiUcks. Not long * after thci Great Sell A* C. 
was committed ro the Cuftody of Sir Nathan ^n^^ 2 700, 
one df his Majefty's Serjeants at Law, wUh the Tt- VVSi/ 
clc of L^rrf Ks^fcr^ who by Vinue of bis Office, ^ May 
took his Place in the Privy-Council. *'• 

The removing of the Lord Smters btom bJB higb 1^^^ 
Statiop, tho' it difplfla^'d abundance, yet pleasM al- vlSf 
inoft as maiiy ; but the admitting theEarlof-<fiitf^^;j^'£^^ 
marie into the moft ttoble Order of the Garter, which Kit fir. 
the King did oil the 14th oi May, ^jras generally r^b* Earh 
diflik'd; tho' to make it go down the better, his ©/Pom* 
Mdjefly did at the Uxo/t time, beftpw that diftin* bro^o and 

fiiitbing Mark of Honour oh the Earl oEFemtr^^h? , Albe- 
Vefidcnt of rhe Council, Who highly deftrv'd ir,™'!* 
not only by bis eminent Services to the Goverttajenr,'^*7 ^'• 
but likewife by his iUuftrious Birth. About th(etfj^'^^^ 
Weeks after the twoKnigjhts Eleft were inftall'd at^^^ ,^ 
Windfor with the ufiial For n^alities i bqt it wa$ ob*- fialled^ 
fcrvy, that iho' tl^cconcourfe of People W8» ^Wa-Junc \. 
ordinary great, and the Entertaiomenc Very Splem * , 

did, yet few of the Nobility grac'd the CeitiWxiy 
tjythcir Prefcnce ; and that m^ny fevcjrd R^jfleftiont 
were then made on his Majefty, for lavifliing aiKay 
a Garter oni bis Favourite- 

Towards the latter end of June^ the King dHpo* 
Ted the Office of X^ord Cba0ib*rlaiii of^jisHotfhold^, ^^»iy h^ 
which had fome time been vacant, to the Ea^l of^«»<'- 
^erfey ; And made the Earl of £(H^wy Grdom cif chci 
Itole, and the Earl of CarUp one of the Gentleman 
9^ the Bed-Chamber. Three days * afcer hts Ma^ ^ ^ 
Jcfty declare in Council, That the puWick MwiJ^Jj^^^' 
requiriog his going over to HoUandjhe had appoitt^^J^, ^v* 
ed the Archbtthop olCamerhtry^ the Lord-Kcepei: olp^i^iff/* * 
the Great Seal, the Lord Prefidenc of Ac Councih 
tiie Viftount LathfdaU^ Lotd^ F^ivy-Sfdl, the Lord 
Stseward, and the Lord Chambei-kln of ht^ HoufhcfTd ; 
the Earl of Bridgwater^ firft Comcniiifioner of dii6 
Admfirotty ; the Earl i>f mriUroigh^ Governor to his 
Higbnefi the Duke dl Qktfficri and thie Earl of 
ToHkpnfiMe^ firft Commiffioner of the Treafiiry, id^ 
Ihfr Lords Juices idEr^iamd^ for the Aditriniftracbtt 
of the Government dinwg ins Abienoe. On Utac/ph 
^ff*fy^ his Ma>efty let out from HamffgnC^mrt ; laf 

F f f f » that 



A. C 


Thi Psfm 

the Aeign 0f Kin^ 

thatNigKt 2il Canterbury ; and the next day embark* 

cd at Margate for Holland^ where he (afely arrivM 

on the Seventh of that M^nthi 
A^€ rm.' Before the King left England^ hts Majcfty thought 
litmtnt 9} it ncccffary to aOemble the Parliament of Scotland^ 
Scothod and fof that Pilrpofe appointed the Duke of gf/<ff»/- 
metts. bury to bo his High-CommifSoner. On the a i ft of 
May a I. May the Parliartent of that Kingdom being met at 

Edinburgh^ his Majefty's Letter to them was firft 

Read, whkh was to this Effe^ .- 
My Lords and Gentlemen^ 

• The great Defire we have to promote and ad- 
vance the Intereft of that our Antient Kingdom, 
did make us intend to have held this Seilionso( 
Parliament in Perfon, that we might more clearJ/ 
have difccm'd, what is yet needful to be done, for 
the fall Eftablifhment of your Religion, Laws and 
Liberties ; And as our DeCgn in coming to BritMy 
was the Relief and Happinefi of the three Kinp 
doms, (b we are firmly relblv'd to make it the 
chief Defign of our Reign, to do every thing tfac 
majr tend to the advantage and goo4 of oof 

* The prefent Circumftances of AflFairs abroad, 
not allowing ot our being withyou at prefint; 
We have appointed our Right Trufty and Ri^ 
intircly belov'd Coufin and CounceHor, j0Ui 
Duke of Qtieensbury^ to rcprefent our Royal Perfcn, 
and to be our Commiflioner in this Seffion. We 
are fully (atisfied with his FIrnefi and Ability fa 
diicharging this Truft : And we doubt not but bis 
conftant Loyaky to usfince our AccefHon to the 
Crown, and his Zeal and Fidelity for our Service, 
and the Profperity and Good of the Kingdoo, 
which has appeared on all Occafions, and in all the 
Truib wherein he has been employ^, mtUI rendfl 
him acceptable to you^ 

^ We have fully in(hru6led him in all things diat 
we think may fall under your Confideration, toi 
ftcm to be neceffary at prefent. Therefore we 
defire thatyou majr give him entire Truft ani 
Credit. The breaking out of the War in ibioe 
Places of Eurc£f^ the great arming by Sea aol 

WILLIAM the ThirJ. 4J3 

* Land, the uncertain State of the Publick Peace, m q. 

* and the continued Defigns of our Enemies, both .Jqq* 
•at Home and Abroad, cannot but convince you ,^^3^ 

* that it is neceffary lor your Safety that the Forces 
' be maintained j and we expeft that you will cer- 
^ tainly fupply us with fufficient Funds for chat 

* end. 
* We are heartily forry for the Misfortunes and 

* Loffe? that the Nation has fiiftain'd in their Trade, 

* and we will efFeftualb Concur in any thing that 

* may contribute for Promoting and Encouraging 
^ Trade, that being fo indifpenfibly needful for the 

* Welfare of the Nation. And we do particularly 
' recommend to you the incouraging Manufa^Sures, 
^ and the imprqvement of the Native Produ6l of 
' the Kingdom, which is not only the liireft Foua- 
^ dation of Foreign Trade, but will be an efFe6hi* 

* al way for providing and employing the Poor, 
; whoie Circumftances require your Coniideration 
' andAfliftance. 

' We ^ give you full Affurance, that we will 

' maintain your Religion, I^ws and Liberties, and 

Presbyterian Govtrnment^ as it is eftablifli'd ; And 

it will be mofl: acceptable to us, that you fall up* 

on efFeftual Methods for preventing the growtji 

oi Popery^ and difcouragiog vice and Immorality. 

* We have had very many eminent Proofs of your 

Loyalty and good AffeSion to us, particularly in 

all your Proceedings in the laft SeiGon; for 

which we return you our hearty Thanks. An^ 

leeinc we havs demanded nothing of you upon 

this OccaGon, but what is both neceflary for your 

Prefervation againft the Defigns or Attempts of 

your Enemies, and for promoting the Welfare and 

Advantage or the Nation ; Therefore we doubc 

notbuc vou will A£fc with Unanimity andDli^ 

patch, (o as all that comes before yoq may b^ 

concluded to the mutual SatisfaAion of u$ and our 

People. And afluring you of our Royal Favour 

and Prote&ion, we bid you heartily Farewel. Af- 

r the Reading of this Letter, the Lord High. Com* 

iiSoner made a Speech, ai did likewiie th^ (^d 

' ' ffff 3 A4fr^- 

$be Shirt 
M4y 97. 

The Reign of King 

A, C hUrchnmni Lord High Chancellor, whi(ii donc,th 
1 1 700. Houfe adjoium'd to the a4th. 
\Jy'\j The Parliament waK but jaft met agam, w 
R^prefeih] there came a fluuy Rcp