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Full text of "History of Madison County, Indiana: from 1820 to 1874, giving a general ..."

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HISTORY 



OF 



Madison County, 



INDIANA, 



TTElOlia: 1820 TO 1874, 



OiyiNQ ▲ OXNSBAL BKVIXW OF PBIN0I7AL SVXNTS, STATISTICAL 
AND HISTORICAL ITXH8, DHUYXD FBOH OFFICIAL BOUBOXS. 



SAMUEL HARDEN, 



1874. 



f" 



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THE WEW YORK 
PUBUC LIBRARY I 

791267 A 

ASTOR, LENOX AND 

TlLDfiN FOUNOATK)fcl«l 

K ld36 L 



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PREFACE. 



Having all my life been nnable to reconcile to myaelf the propriety 
of long prefaces, I now intend to write but a short one; and, in fact, 
yield to this mGte from custom than from any apparent necessity. 
The author first conceived the idea of writing this work from reading 
the early history of Indiana, by 0. H. Smith. And if I shall be able 
to merely imitate that great sketoh-writer, my ambition will be more 
Uian snbserved. Let me here say that I entered the work with many 
misgivings as to my ability in placing a book befwe an enlightened 
people, worthy of the name it bears. And would, in fact, have failed 
had it not been for the unbounded help ^m many quarters. And 
here I wish to return thanks to the county officials, who have univer- 
sally given the information sought, and to many private citizens in 
the county. The author is not vain enough to think he has brought 
out a book faultless, and without mistakes. It would be singular 
\ indeed if these did not occur. He is also aware that many incidents 

^ and statistics have tidied to appear which should have found a place 

\v in this work. But when the reader reflecto for a moment the vast 

^ ^ amount of work, to gather material, originating as it does from inci- 
\>^ dents extending over a period of more than fifty years, he will, to 

some extent, overlook the seeming as well as real imperfections. The 
author has visited in person all parts of the county, picking up here 
and there facts and figures as best he could, writii^ many letters for 
information, which have been universally responded to. How well 
the aathor has succeeded in placing before the people a readable and 
reliable book, is for them to decide. 

Thb Authob. 
Mabbxbvillb, Inb., December, 1874. 



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i3srr)E32C. 



PAGB. 

Adams Township .' 30 

Anderson Township. S)2 

Anderson City 67 

Alexandria. 70 

Alfont 71 

Anderson Crossing. , 72 

Allen John, Sketch of ^ 207 

Anshultz P. P., Sketch of .; 208 

Adamson Enos, Sketch of.» 208 

Allen W. B., Sketch of 200 

Allen, WilUam /. 209 

Atherton, W.G ^ 211 

Boone Township 34 

Biddle R., Sketch oi ^ 210 

Berry, John ..p 211 

Berry, Colonel ^ ,i 212 

Brickly, Dr. W. P * 213 

Bronenborg, F. sr. 214 

Beckwith, T. L ; 214 

Bell, ThouMwu 216 

Boram, G. R. 216 

Busby Family. ^ 217 

Bray, Andrew ^ 255 

Band at Anderson ^ 301 

Band, Perkinsville ^ 302 

Bar at Anderson 306 

C^ty Council Proceedings 68 



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6 IKD£X. 

PAOS. 

IShesterfield. ^ ^ 73 

County Fair 169 

Cemeteries of the County ^ 205 

dark, R. N ^ 219 

Clark, T. G ^ 228 

Cookman, John ^..o - ;.. 224 

Conrad, David.^ 225 

CtOBsley, Coonrod » 226 

Cook. Dr. Daniel .^- 226 

Cole, Warren 227 

Cook, Dr. J. H 227 

Craven, Judge H.... 228 

Collier, Rev. James - » 229 

County Officers 304 

County Commisnoners. 306 

Church, Baptist, Anderson , 316 

Church, Baptist, Lilly Creek 813 

Church, Baptist, New Columbus ^ • 313 

Church, Baptist, Union 314 

Church, Baptist, Mt. Pisgah «... 316 

Church, Baptist, Bethel «... 316 

Church, Baptist, Boone Township.^ 316 

Church, Baptist, Pendleton.^ 317 

Church, Christian, Anderson 318 

Church, Christian, Van Buren Township^ 319 

Church, Christian, Lilly Ceeek 320 

Church, Cristian, Forrest ChapeL — •— - 321 

Church, Christian, White Chapel 321 

Church, Catholic, Anderson • 322 

Church, Friend- 323 

Church, Busby M. E 324 

Church, Pendleton M. E 825 

Church, Frankton M. E.. - 326 

Church, Pleasant Valley M. E 326 

Church, Richmond Chapel M. E 327 

Church, Elm Grove.. 337 

Church. Mt Tabor M. E 328 

Class, Mannering M. E 329 

Church, Asbury Chapel M. E.. : ^ 329 



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INDEX. ^ 7 

PAOB. 

Church, Mt CSannel M. £ ^.. ^ 330 

Ckiirch, Tennessee M. E 830 

Chiurch, Fishersborg M. £ 331 

Church, Anderson M. £.. ^ ^ 331 

Church, Florida M. E^ ^ , 383 

Church, Chesterfield M. £ 334 

Church, Wesley Chapel M. £ ^ ^ 334 

Church. Menden M. £ \ 335 

Church, Markleville M. £ ^ 330 

Church, Perkinsville M. £ ^ 336 

Church, First Presbyterian, Anderson ^... 338 

Church, United Brethren, Menden 339 

Church, United Brethren, Union Township ...• 339 

Church, Unirersalist, Pendleton \ 340 

Duck Creek Township 36 

Diltz, William and wife ^ ^ 230 

Davis, Judge John^ 231 

Dunham, George ^....^ 281 

Democratie Central Committee 299 

Elwood ~ ^ 74 

Exports from Pendleton - ^ 83 

Eastman, Lorana. ^..^ ..; 232 

Fall Creek Township 37 

Franklin, David 233 

Festler, Peter ^ 234 

Franklin, Joseph.. « 236 

Fisher, Charlea 237 

First Court House 27 

First Division of the County in Districts.. —.m 27 

First Grand Jury 29 

First Traverse Jury 29 

First Jail....... 29 

Frankton 74 

Fishersburg 75 

Florida Station 76 

Fall Creek Agricultural Society 294 

Fails of Fall Creek 309 

General Outlook 17 



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8 INDEX. 

PAOB. 

<j^reen Township 39 

Gregory, B. F 238 

Gillmore, Morris.. 239 

Grange Move... 368 

Grange, Boston .^ 309 

Grange, Richland ^ 369 

Grange,, Markleville 370 

Grange, Eichmond Chapel 370 

Grange, Bntonwood i... 371 

Grange, Pleasant Grove 371 

Grange, Anderson 372 

Grange, Adams 372 

Grange, Normal ^ a 373 

Grange, Fall Creek 373 

Grange, Union ^..,.. „ 373 

Grange, Dageon. ...... » 374 

Grange, Huntsville 374 

Grange, Oceolo ....;... 374 

Grange, Mannering 374 

Grange, Charity ...., 375 

Grange, Fishersborg .• 375 

Huntsville *. ^....... 77 

Hamilton 78 

Hope and Faith— a poem ^. 161 

Hardesty, J. - 240 

Hayes, John 241 

Hardy, Neal 242 

Hollingsworth, James .• 243 

Hodson, EU 244 

Hollingsworth, EKas 245 

flolston, J. R 246 

Hunt, Dr. John , 246 

HoUiday, Samuel 247 

Henry, Samuel 248 

Huston, Samuel 262 

Hollingsworth, Elixabeth.« 263 

Hydraulics 299 



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PAOX. 

Indian Murders ^ 

Indian Mounds «.. .^ I^ 

Irish, S. D 254 

Jackson Township 41 

Jackson, Andrew ~.... 266 

Keller, Philip 266 

Lafayette Township 42 

Letters from Prominent Men 90 

Letters from J. B. Holston 81 

Letters from J. W. Forrest 98 

Letters from J. W. Harmon *, ^ 100 

Letters from D. W. A. Hunt 102 

Letters from P. H. Lemon 115 

Letters from R. H. Cree ^ 118 

Letters from P. H. Lemon 122 

List of Heavy Tax Payers 145 

Lewis, J. B ^ 257 

Monroe township.. 44 

Markleville 78 

March of life — a poem 154 

May— a poem 155 

Management of Common Schools, by G Free 188 

Mobbing of Fred Douglass at Pendleton.. 203 

Moreau, W. C 221 

Maynard, Moses 258 

Moore, George 259 

Mershon, W. H 260 

Markle, John 261 

McCallister, Thos 262 

McCallister Family 263 

Makepeace Family 264 

Meeting of Mexican Soldiers 286 

Murder of Hoppis by White 287 

Murder of Miss Williamson o... 290 

Murder of the Isnagle boys 293 

Medical Society at Pendleton 297 

Mill, Saw, Lukens 348 



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10 INDEX. 

PAGE. 

MiU, First National 348 

Mill, Saw, Piorida Station 348 

Mill, Saw, NewColumbuB ^ 349 

Mill, Saw, MarklevUle ^ 349 

Mill, Planing, Alexandria 349 

Mill, Grist, Perkinsville.. 350 

Mill, Grist, Summitville.^ 350 

Mill, Saw, Summitville 351 

MiU, Grist, Frankton 351 

Mill, Saw, Frankton 351 

Mill, Saw and Grist, Chesterfield 351 

Mill, Flax, Pendleton 352 

MiU, Planing, Pendleton 352 

MUl, Saw, PerkinsviUe 352 

MiU, Dickson <& Sons, Anderson 353 

MiU, Sparks*, Anderson 353 

MiU, Germania, Anderson 354 

MUl, Moss Island 354 

Mill, Flax, Anderson 855 

Mill, Cataract, Pendleton 355 

MUl, HunteviUe 356 

MUl, Grist, Chesterfields ; 357 

MiU, Grist, Alexandria. 358 

Masonic Lodge, Ovid 358 

Masonic Lodge, Chesterfield 359 

Masonic Lodge, Quincy. 359 

Masonie Lodge, MarklevUle 359 

Masonic Lodge, Chapter, Pendleton 360 

Masonic Lodge, Frankton 361 

Masonic Lodge, Alexandria ". 361 

Masonic Lodge, Pendleton 361 

Masonic Lodge, Anderson 362 

Masonic Lodge, R. A., Anderson 362 

Masonic Lodge, Mt. Moriah, Anderson ^.... 363 

Masonic Lodge, PerkinsviUe 363 

New Columbus 79 

Osceola 80 

Old Settlers Meeting 167 



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INDEX. 11 

■■ • — ■ — --'- r^" _ _ n L, 

PAGI. 

Odd Fellows Lodges— 

Frankton ..,, .„ 364 

Pendleton 364 

Perkinsyille 367 

Anderson 367 

Alexandria 368 

Pipe Creek Township .' 46 

Pendleton 81 

Perkinsville 87 

Poem by D. C. Markle 152 

Premiums Awarded for 1874 168 

Prigg, William, sen ''266 

Plummer, Henry 267 

Poindexter, R. E. « 267 

Pratt, Dr. Joel 268 

Physicians, Anderson '. 302 

Poor House r • 303 

Pork Packing, Anderson 309 

Pendleton Register 312 

Post Offices in the County 341 

Richland Township.. 47 

Readiness for Action, W. S, Tingley 178 

Reger, Saul 269 

Ryan, Dr. T 269 

Robinson, Col. U. S 270 

Richmond, Nathaniel 271 

Richards, Manley 271 

Richards Catherine 272 

Republican Central Committee 298 

Stoney Creek to whship 49 

Summitville 88 

Sly Fork Station 89 

Synopsis of the Sunday School 126 

StilweU,Col. T. N 273 

Swain, J. T.. 276 

Smith, Wright, sen 276 

Silver, J. R .'. 277 

Shaul Family ^ ^... 278 



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12 IKDEX, 

■ ■ "^ 

PAGB. 

Shanklin, Andrew *. 279 

Shanklin, W. V 280 

Schwim, Jacob 291 

Soldiers, List of, from Madison county in the late war 878 to 411 

Turnpike, Pendleton and Newcastle 841 

Turnpike, Anderson and Fishersburj^ 842 

Turnpike, Anderson and New Columbus 842 

Turnpike, Anderson and Lafayette 848 

Turnpike, Pendleton and Eden 848 

Turnpike, Kill Buck 848 

Turnpike, Madison and Hancock 844 

Turnpike, Lick Creek 844 

Turnpike, Pendleton and Fall Creek 845 

Turnpike, Pendleton and Fishersburg 844 

Turnpike, Anderson and New Columbus 845 

Turnpike, Anderson and Perkinsville 846 

Turnpike, Anderson and Alexandria 846 

Turnpike, Anderson and Hamilton 846 

Turnpike, Pendleton and Noblesville .- 847 

The Big Lick, by J. Borane 112 

The Press 120 

TSiompsoUi W. A 281 

Temperance Alliance 800 

Table of Distances 807-808 

Temperance.. ; 810 

Union Township 50 

Van Buren Township 52 

Variety Chapter 196 

Vote of County for the Year 1878 876 

Woolen Factory, R. Adams 854 

Westerfield, J. W 282 

WilHams, B. N 283 

Winchell, Adam 284 

Windall, Fred. 285 

Woolen Factory, Broadbents. *..« 347 



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HISTORY 



OP 



MADISON COUNTY. 



Mabison county 18 situated a little to the northeast of 
the center of the State. One-third lies in forty and two- 
thirds in forty-one degrees north latitude. From its central 
position^ its natural advantages^ among which are abundance 
of timber, mill streams, productive soil, intelligent and 
industrious inhabitants, growing interests tin educational 
matters, our numerous pikes and churches, it at once takes 
rank with the foremost counties in the State. 

Reader, let us go back to .the year 1820, from which time 
our history dates. What do we find? An unbroken 
wilderness. Perhaps all told, not more than one hundred 
citizens, and these with scanty means, surrounded by native 
Indians. This handfuU of pioneers settled near the Falls 
of Fall Creek, about the year 1820. Among this number 
we find the names of Elias HoUingsworth, Samuel HoUiday, 
Thomas and William McCartney, the Eichmond family, 
Thomas Scott, Israel Cocks, Saul Shaul, followed soon 
after by Adam Dobson, Parmer Patrick, William and 
Thomas Silver. From this infant settlement we have 
grown to a population of 25,000. The Indian has faded 
away. The church bell has taken the place of the war 
whoop. What changes have taken place! Scarcely one 
2 



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18 HISTORY OF 



pioneer^ who first settled Madison county, remains. Oar 
progress has cost toil, privations, hardships untold, and not 
fully appreciated by the present generation. This book is 
written in part that their names and the hardships they 
underwent, to some extent, may be remembered. It will 
show step by step, decade by decade, the progress we have 
made. Statistics will be introduced in their proper place as 
we proceed, as we only intend this as a gefneral survey, 
intending hereafter to take up the townships alphabetically, 
and give a history of each separately. We find Madison 
county fifteen miles in width and twenty-nine and three- 
fourths in length, and containing an area of four hundred 
and forty-six alid one-fourth square miles. It is .divided 
into fourteen civil townships, named as follows, and each 
containing the annexed area : 

Adams, thirty-five ; Anderson, thirty-six ; Boone, thirty ; 
Duck Creek, thirty-four ; Greene, twenty-four ; Fall Creek, 
forty-two; Jackson, twenty-eight ; Monroe, fifty-one; Pipe 
Creek, forty-two; Bichland, twenty-seven and a fourth;* 
Union, nineteen and a half; Vanburen, twenty-five ; Lafay- 
ette, thirty-four and a half ; Stoney Creek, twenty-eight. 

The streams which attract our attention are first. White 
river, entering the county in Union township, one mile and 
a half northeast of Chesterfield, traversing the whole width 
of the county, leaving it about the center of Jackson town- 
ship and just west of Perkinsville. Its general course is 
west, one-third of the county being on the south and two- 
thirds on the north of the river. Its entire length through 
the county, counting its meanderings, is not far from twenty 
miles. 

The next we shall notice is Fall Creek. Entering the 
county on the east in Adams township, and two miles from 
the northeast corner of the same, running nearly west to 
New Cdumbus, thence to Pendleton, bearing a little to the 
south, where it takes a southwesterly course, leaving the 
county two miles west of Alfont, in Green township ; its 
entire length being twenty-two miles. 

Next in size to the latter is Pipe Creek. It takes its rise 



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MAMSON COUNTY. 19 

in Delaware county, entering Monroe and Vanburen town- 
ships. From its tributaries it assumes a considerable size 
at Alexandria, running southwest to Frankton, and leaving 
the county one mile north of Perkinsville. Its general 
course is southwest and its entire length is twenty-five miles. 

Next in importance is Lick Creek, taking its rise in 
Henry county. Its general course is west, running through 
the entire width of the county, emptying into Fall Creek 
near the Hamilton county line. The length of this stream 
is very nearly that of Fall Creek, that is within the county, 
its course comparing with that of the latter, being rather 
more abrupt in its turnings. It derives its name from the 
" Big Lick," which we have described in another part of this 
work. 

Kill Buck is next under our notice. It derived its name 

from an Indian Chief of the Delaware tribe. It takes its 

' rise in Delaware county, flows southwest through the county 

and empties into White river at the railroad bridge near 

Anderson. Its length in the county is about twelve miles. 

Little Kill Buck, a branch of the above, will be spoken 
of in proper order. 

In the northwest part of the county we find Duck Creek. 
The main branch takes its rise in Boone township, enter- 
ing Duck Creek township near the^ center of its east line. 
Flowing south into Pipe Creek township, past Elwood, 
leaving the county at its west line. Length, fifteen miles 
within the county. 

N^xt is Indian Creek, which has its source in Lafayette 
township, flows southwest and empties into White river a 
short distance aboye Hamilton. Length, twelve miles. 

Next is Stony Creek, rising in Jackson township, running 
southwest, past Fishersburg, leaving the county three- 
fourths of a mile southeast of this place. Its length is about 
ten miles, and derives its nante from the stone found in its 
bed. 

We will now notice Mud Creek, »id we think it properly 
named. It rises in Grant county, flows south past Summit- 
ville, across the southeast comer of Boone township, where 



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20 HISTORY OF 



it enters Monroe, bearing little west of south, emptying into 
Pipe Creek, one mile and a half west of Alexandria. 
I^ength, eleven miles. 

Little Kill Buck has its source in Monroe towliship, two 
prongs having their junction just north of Prosperity, run- 
ning south, emptying into Kill Buck just above Robert 
Adam's Woolen Factory, and near the Alexandria pike 
bridge. ' 

Prairie Crec^k drains the prairie lying between Pendleton 
and Anderson, is about eight miles in length, flows south- 
west, entering Fall Creek just above the Falls. It derived 
its name from th'fe prairie above alluded to. 

Sly Fork rises in Union township, and near the Henry 
county line, running south, enters Fall Creek one-fourth of 
a mile west of Franklin's Mill, in Adams township. 

Mill Creek also takes its rise in Union township, near the 
source of the stream just described, runs in an opposite 
direction and empties into White rives one-half mile north 
of Chesterfield. Length, three miles. 

Foster's Branch, a little stream rising in Jackson town- 
ship, passing through the northwest corner of Fall Creek 
township, entering Green, running south, empties into Fall 
Creek, three miles below Pendleton. 

WinselPs, or Spring Branch has its source neaf the 
Adams and Fall Creek township lines, runs west near the 
Pendleton and New Castle pike line, emptying into Fall 
Creek one-half mile east of Huntsville. Length, four 
miles. 

Mud Branch rises in Stoney Creek township, flows soiith- 
west into the corner of Green, crossing the Pendleton and 
Noblesville pike, near Bock's Mill, continuing southwest 
two miles, where it leaves the county. Length, seven miles. 

This completes the description of all the rivers and creeks 
of any importance. Nearly all, in times past, afforded pro- 
pelling power for mills, but since the country has been 
cleared up and steam introduced, the smallest of them are 
not now used for that purpose. The county, as a rule, 
might be called level ; there are^ however, on White river 



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MADISON COUNTY. 21 



and Fall Creek, hUls of considerable size. There is, com- 
paratively, little waste land in the county. The prairie, 
between Pendleton and Anderson, for many years considered 
as waste land, is gradually being subdued, and will soon 
become th« garden spot of the county, instead of being the 
home of miasma and noxious weeds. At main ditch has 
been put through, side ditches will soon be added, ii^hen it 
will yield a hundred bushels of corn to the acre for years 
without any restorative agencies. The forests of this 
county, in its early history, must have been grand, judging 
from what we see at this late day. There has been burned 
and wasted enough valuable timber to pay for all the land 
in the county, at fifty dollars per acre. But it could no)i be 
•otherwise. There was no demand, no mills, the pioneer had 
to clear his land, and the way most expeditious was the best. 
This necessity has, to a great extent, passed away. We are 
learning to take care of our timber. 

Since pine, to a great extent, is used, and the railroad 
eompanies are using stone coal, let us hope that our much 
abused forests may have a season of rest in the future. 
There have been some grand trees which are worthy our 
special notice as ttey are no longer standing to tell their 
own story, save perhaps their stumps, which still linger, 
loth to yield the jdace of their nativity. The first we will 
mention is a poplar tree which grew on the land now owned 
by Thornton Rector, in Adams township. The writer 
went for himself, and measured the stump, which is yet 
standing, two miles northeast of New Columbus, on the 
east pike, leading to Anderson. It is nine feet in diameter, 
and sixty feet from the stump it was five feet in diameter. 
The tree was cut in 1870, and sold to W. E. Pierce, of 
Anderson, for thirty dollars. It was all hauled away 
except the third cut, which was long^ than the riest, could 
not be hauled, eight horses having pulled at it with no 
effect. It was still there in 1874. Near it were other fine 
trees but net so large. Also we have an account of a 
sycamore, growing in Lafayette township, cut down many 
years since. A ten foot pole was turned With ease in its 



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22 HISTORY OF 



hollow. There was an oak tree in Boone township, said to 
be the finest tree in the north part of the county. It was 
eight feet in diameter, seventy feet to the first limb. 
Another, a poplar, growing in Lafayette township, from 
which 7,500 shingles were made ; it was said to be eighty 
feet to the first limb, and the finest of its species in the 
county. Another fine tree, an oak, grew just west of Mar- 
kleville, on the land originally owned by John Markle, 
but now owned by C. G. Mauzy, just south of the pike. It 
was seven feet in diameter. This tree was cat down and 
worked up into boards and rails in 1855. You can see its 
stump as you pass along the pike. Another, a whiteoak, 
stood on the land originally owned by George Sebrell. 
This tree was ten feet in diameter, and by far the largest* 
oak tree in the township, and perhaps in the county. It 
grew on section thirty-two, east half, town 18, range eight. 
"We will speak of another white oak which grew on the land 
of George Sebrell, which was six feet in diameter, eighty 
feet without any defect, carrying its size well. It has been 
acknowledged, by all who have looked upon this tree, as 
being the grandest representative of its kind in this vicinity. 
We will further say of this tree, that it seemed to stand 
entirely perpendicular, reaching far above the neighboring 
trees, looking down upon them, as it were, as a monarch 
upon his subjects, glorying in his power to rule. It grew 
in section five, town seventeen, in Adams township. 

Near the above tree and on the same land, was a poplar 
tree, nine feet in diameter. It was a very valuable tree and 
was worked up into rails in 1836, by Isaac Creason. Its 
stump is yet seen near Solomon Creason^s reiridence, and one 
mile north of the Hancock county line. 

We will add that the last two oak trees described were 
consumed by a fire which swept through that locality in 
1856. We are indebted to J. J. Justice for information in 
regard to the last three trees described. Similar trees to 
the above dots the county over. We give only a few to 
show those in the future that this was once a well timbered 
county. The demand for walnut lumber^ of late years, has 



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MADISON COUNTY. 23 



nearly stripped us of this kind of timber* But few valuable 
trees are left to remind us of their past glorj. The same 
may be said of other valuable timber. 

In looking over our history during a period of fifty 
years, what wonders have taken place in our county. 
Excellent mills, near fifty in number, and worth thousands 
of dollars, have taken the place of one little corn cracker at 
the Falls Over one hundred school houses dot our county, 
worth over |100,000, and with about the same nu^paber 
of churches worth |300,000, with our two hundred miles of 
pike, costing f 250,000. Our land has grown to be worth 
on an average, of fifty dollars an acre, worth in th^ aggre- 
gate 112,000,000; besides' the city and town property, 
, worth, perhaps |1,000,000. The railroads enter and form 
almost a net work in our county, without which we would 
be poor indeed. 

The telegraph and other improvements', unthought of by 
the pioneer, have been introduced f but as the poet has 
beautiftilly expressed it — 

** There is a Divinity which shapes oar ends 
Bough hew them how we will." 

In 1823 we find our county was organized. There were 
twelve civil townships, Lafayette and Duck Creek having 
6e«n since created. The county seat was originally at Pen- 
dleton, where it continued until 1836, when it was removed 
to Anderson, where it now is and doubtless will remain. It 
is a little to the south of the center of the county, near 
enough, however, for all practical purposes. We find the 
geographical center of the county to be near Florida, in 
LafSsiyette township. Its distance from the center of the 
county, when at Pendleton, was doubtless the cause of its 
removal. It was the occasion at the time of some little 
jealousy, which still lingers to some extent. 

Our growth, while it has not been of the mushroom order, 
has been gradual and satisfactory, as the statistics will show. 
With a productive soil which responds to toil in a fitting 
way, we can draw the contrast with the pioneer with satis- 
&otion. While theirs was a life of privations and sacrificeSi 



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24 HISTORY OF 



ours is^ comparatively, that of ease and plenty. It has, as 
has been said in another part of this work, cost toil and 
privations. Many have been called away since our county 
was first settled, as our cemeteries will attest. The Author 
has passed many of their silent homes while gathering these 
items, and never without respect mingled with sorrow. 
Could some of these revisit us again, what strange sights 
and sounds would greet then^. Beautiful fields have taken 
the place of the silent woodland. Churches and school 
houses are found on every hand. The same may be said of 
us also, when we too, shall have gone hence, as onward and 
upward seems to be written on everything, and we need not 
be si^rprised at anjrthing. A flying machine, brought to 
perfection, would not be any more of a wonder, fifty years 
hence, than the present telegraph would be to one, could he 
now rise and see with natural eyes, having been sleeping 
in the grave for the same length of time. 

The genius of man m unbounded. There are men to-day 
wearing away their lives, bringing out and perfecting 
balloons and ships to navigate the air, flying apparatuses, 
talking devices, etc. We may not live to see these perfected 
but time will bring them out in its own good season, for it 
is a law of nature, written in unmistakable letters, that the 
supply will be equal to the demand. In other words, map's 
ingenuity, assisted by a higher power, will develop and 
bring out what the times demand ; they keep pace and are 
inseparable. 

STATISTICS. 

We will now proceed to give some statistics in relation to 
the county, which are taken from reliable sources, and are 
thought to be correct : 

The population of the county in 1830 was 2,238, in 1840 
it was 8,874, in 1850 it was 12,375, in 1860 it was 16,618, 
in 1870 it was 22,770, and at this writing, 1874, is estima- 
ted, in round numbers, at 25,000, with a voting population 
of 5,272. 

The colored population in 1850 was 14, in 1860 it was 



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MADISON COUNTY. 25 



60, in 1870 it was 91, and at this writing, 1874, it is 
estimated at 125. 

The number of citizens living in all the towns in 1850 
was 1,733, in 1860 it was 3,814, in 1870 it was 5,769, and 
at this writing, 1874, estimated in round numbers at 8,000. 

The numbfer of acres of improved laud in 1870 wfis 
133,190. The number of acres of woodland was 87,521 ; 
other improved land, 1,173. 

The cash value of farms in 1870 was $9,399,441, value 
of &rm implements and machinery $242,571, value of 
orchard products, |70,262. 

Value of all live stock, $1,229,996. The number of 
horses was 7,677, of cattle, 12,882; of sheep, 22,820; of 
swine, 29,885. 

The number of bushels of wheat was 541,669 ; of rye, 
3,804; of corn, 1,028,150; of oats, 74,637; of barley, 
2,650; of buckwheat, 904. 

The number of pounds of tobacco was 4,930, the number 
of pounds of wool was 73.475, the number of bushels of 
potatoes was 62,184, the number of tons of hay was 10,385, 
the number of pounds of butter was 322,487, the number 
of bushels of flaxseed was 15,537, the number of pounds of 
maple sugar was 18,493, the number of gallons of sorghum 
was 30,782, the number of pounds of honey, 12,160. 

In 1870 there were 2,288 farms of all sizes in the county. 
The number of farms over 500 and under 1>000 acres, was 
1 ; over 100 and under 500 acres, 356 ; number over 50 
and under 100 acres, 741 ; over 20 and under 50 acres, 965 ; 
number ever 10 and under 20 acres, 175 ; under 10 acres, 49. 

The number of school houses in the county in 1872 was 
132; the total value of grounds, houses, maps, charts, 
globes, etc., $93,430. The number of volumes in the town- 
ship libraries, 3,733 ; the number of teachers employed, 115 
at an average compensation in the primary department, 
male, $2.12; female $1.75; in the graded schools, males, 
$2.89 ; females, $1.87. The amount paid out to trustees for 
managing educational matters, $1,265.50; the number of 
school children in 1870 was 8,319. 



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26 raSTORY OP 



The number of miles of railroad finished, 46 ; number 
of miles in progress, 48 ; the number of miles of pike, 200 
at an average cost per mile of |1,400. 

Number of Masonic lodges, 11, and total membership, 
566. Number of Odd Fellows lodges, 6, with a total mem- 
bership of 279. Number ot Granges, 50^ membership 
1,200. Number of local preachers, 28. 

Number of grist mills, 15, valued at |1 25,000, with a 
capacity for making 624 barrels in twenty-four hours* 
Number of saw mills, 60, valued at |160,000, with a 
capacity for making 240,000 feet of lumber per day. 

Church membership, 6,000; physicians, 51; lawyers, 31; 
banks, 4 ; harness shops, 16 ; shoe shops, 29 ; carriage 
shops 5; wagon shops, 15; express offices, 5; photograph 
galleries, 4; dry goods stores, 31; drug stores, 15; hiard- 
ware stores, 11 ; general assortment stores, 40 ; shoe stores, 
8 ; marble shops, 2 ; chair manufactures, 2 ; founderies, 1 ; 
pump shops, 5 ; tile factories, 8 ; hotels, 11 ; postoffices, 16 ; 
printing offices, 3; precincts, 18 ; planing mills, 4; tan- 
yards, 4; jewelry stores, 4; tailor shops, 5; warehouses, 
12; woolen factories, 2; spoke and hub factories, 1 ; agri- 
cultural warehouses, 3. 

The number of Sabbath schools, 60, with an average 
attendance, including officers and teachers, of 3,274 ; amount 
paid out for Books, papers, etc., in 1872, $731.25. 

The taxable property in the county is put down at $12,- 
000,000, but its real value will fall a little short of 
$20,000,000, including railroad companies, corporations, etc. 

These statistics, of course, are general, and many of 
importance are left out. Enough is given, however, to give 
a general idea of our wealth and prosperity. We will 
dwell more minutely on some of the above under different 
subjects or heads, as this is only intended as a general out- 
look of the county. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 27 



FIEST COURT HOUSE IN ANDERSON. 
(Copy.) 

JANUABT SESSIOV, 1881. 

Ordered by the Board that the agent of the County of Madison sell 
to the lowest bidder the building of a Court House, to be built on lot 
No. 17, in the N. E. square in Andersontown, to be bu It on the 
following Plan, to-wit: One story high, thirty-six feet long and 
twenty feet wide, to be elevated one foot from the ground and 
underpinned with stone; the story to be ten feet between floors; the 
building to be well weatherboarded and covered with good joint 
shingles; to have a good brick chimney in the west end with a large 
fireplace therein; ten feet of the end to be partitioned off and the 
rooms to be partitioned as to make two ten fee4 jury rooms; all the 
partitions to be run <^ good seasoned plank — each of said jury rooms 
to have a door to open into the large room—the said house to have 
three twelve lite windows in the S. Side and three in the N. Side; the 
windows to be so placed that the large Room shall have four and each 
of the Jury Roems one; the under floor to be laid in a good work- 
manlike manner, the upper floor to be laid of loose planks; house to 
have one door in the front to open near the partition; the windows 
to be in, the outside door hung and the house enclosed on or before 
the second Monday in May next, and the whole work completed 
according to the above plan on or before the second Monday in Nov. 
next; the sale to take place at Anderson town on the 8d Saturday 
Jany. Inst; the said agent taking bond of the contractors in double 
the amount for which the work is taken, conditioned for the comple- 
tion of the work against the 15 day of Nov., 1831. 

At the Jan. Session, 1832, the viewers appointed to view the new 
Court House, make a report discounting the contractors $30 for failing 
to fulfill the contract. 



FIRST DIVISION OF THE COUNTY INTO DISTRICTS FOR 
COMMISSIONERS. 

ORBEB KADB AT THB MAT SESSION, 1831. 

1st District, Union and Adams townships. 
2d District, Anderson and Jackson townships. 
3d District, Fall Creek and Green townships. 

Ordered by the Board of Commissioners at the September Session, 
1831, that the license to vend wooden clocks, be six dollars per 
fl.Tit>^Tnt 



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28 HISTORY OF 



At the January session, 1832, John Berry was appointed by the 
/Board Agent to borrow $100 of the Commissioners of Marion county 
for a period not exceeding one year, with the privilege to Madison 
county to pay it sooner if so much money be in the treasury before 
that time. 

SESSION SBFTBMBBR IST, ▲. D. 1828. 

1. "At a meeting of the Board of Madison County Justices 
began and held in the house of John Berry, in Anderson Town, on 
the first Monday in September, Anno Domini, 1828, Present of said 
Boa^, as follows, To-wit: William Curtis, John Busby, Amasa 
Makepeace, Jacob Hiday, Thomas M. Pendleton, William Nelson, 
Daniel Wiseimd William S. Penn." 

2. "And the Board now proceed to appoint a president, and 
William Curtis is Elected accordingly, without opposition, to serve 
the following year." 

5. " Ordered by the Board that Jesse Lain, Dickinson Burt, George 
Hodgins, Abraham Adams, Stephen Corwin, John Wynn, (com- 
monly called Short John Wynn) and William Perkins, be, and they 
are hereby exempted from paying a poll tax for the present year." 

15. " Ordered that William Ramsey have a Usance to vend foreign 
groceries, for six months, for the sum of two dollars and fifty cents, 
he having complied with the requisitions of the law." 

16. "Ordered that Samuel Cory be allowed the sum of five dollars 
as an additional allowance for whisky and crying the sale of lots in 
Anderson town." 

(At this term they made an order for a new Court House, but 
revoked it in July, 1829. 

WILLIAM CURTIS, Pes't 
ANSEL RICHMOND, Oerk. 

NOV. TERM— IN SESSION, 1828. 

'''Present, William Curtis, William S. Penn, Amasa Makepeace, 
John Busby, Thomas M. Pendleton, Daniel Hardesty, Daniel Wise 
and Richard Kinnaman." * 

(At the same session the county agent was instructed to sell let 12 
in the S. E. sqr. of Anderson to Dickinson Burt, for five dollars, to 
be paid in three years or to revert to the county.) 

(On the 13th day of December, 1828, Morgan Shortridge and Zenas 
Beckwith reported the route of a road running from New Castle to 
LaFayette. They were appointed commissioners to do that by the 
legislature of 1828.) 

(Jan. session, 1829, Bicknel Cole was appointed treasurer of Madi- 
son Co. for the year ending on the first Monday in January, 1830.) 



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MADISON COUNTY. 29 



** Ordered by the Board that the agent employ a surveyor to survey 
the donation made to the county by Capt Berry, and establish the 
east line of the donation and then to sell the remaining lots belong- 
ing to the county, on the 1st of April, 1830, and give notice by post- 
ing three written notices in the county and three notices in three ^ 
adjoining counties." 

" The clerk was ordered to mdke out and put up at the court hotise 
door of the county, a fair statement of the expenses of the county for 
the present year." 

^ rntST OBAND JURY. 

"And the Beard now selected the following persons from the 
assessment Rolls to serve as Grand Jurors at the October term of the 
Madison Circuit Court, for the year 1829, To-wit : Thomas Snider 
Jonathan Stai^ey, Collings Tharp, Robert Virtue, I. N. Elsberry, 
Henry Rees, Stephen Noland, William Stanley, Adam Elsworth, 
John Martin, Ellas Hughs, William McCarty, John Cookman, 
Samuel Bodle, Elisha Layton, John Markle." 

TRAVERSE JURY OF THIS SAME COURT. 

" Peter Chodrick, John Shimer, Jesse Shelton, Moses Mills, Elijah 
Gardner, Samuel Lambert, Henry Russell, John Drury, Solomon 
Adamson, Charles McCarty, Henry Hughes, Joseph Carpenter, 
Samuel Shimer, Isaac Drury, Moses Shawl, Thornton Rector, Eli 
Hodgins, John Davis, Elisha Conner, Daniel Poe, William Williams, 
John Hoover, Samilton D. Boyle, Philip, Van IJevender." 

MAY SESSION — 1829, 

" Bicknel CoW was granted an order for $3.12} for Crying sale and 
furnishing whisky at the last sale of Anderson lots." 

Jail. — The Board of Justices at the July session, 1829, ordered the 
county agent to let the contract for a Jail in Anderson, and agreed to 
appropriate $200. The rest was raised by subscription as the record 
shows— at least that was the agreement. 

(At the September special session, 1829, Thomas McCartney, 
Henry Sybert and John Berry produced certificates of elections and 
were sworn in as Commissioners of Madison County, being the first 
Board of commissioners.) 

"Ordered, that for the purpose of raising a County Revenue for the 
present year, the following rate of taxation be laid, to-wit: On every 
hundred dollars worth of T^wn property, exclusive of improvements, 
0.75; on Polls, 0.37}; on work over, 0.25; on horses, over 3 years old* 
0.50; on land, at the rate of fifty cents on 100 acres of first-rate land 
40 cts.; on 100 acres of 2nd-rate land, and 80 cts. on the 100 acres 
of 3rd." 



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30 HISTORY OF 



ADAMS TOWNSHIP. 

This township is situated in the southeast comer of the 
county. It is seven miles from north to south and five from 
east to west, and contains thirty-five square miles. The 
township derived its name from Abraham Adams, who was 
one of the first settlers, coming here in 1823, and locating 
near New Columbus. Among the other first settlers we find 
the names of John Adams, Reason Sargent, William Penn, 
John, Andrew, and David Ellsworth, Levi Brewer, Thorn- 
ton Rector, William Nelson, Manly Richards, Stephen and 
James Noland, Peter Jones, iBridge, Sawyer and Hudson, 
(thjB three latter of the Indian murder.) Of those who 
came soon afterward, and located in different parts of the 
township, we find the names of Thomas Bell, Hiram Birch, 
Joseph Smith, David Rice, John Coopman, John and Moses 
Surber, John Blake, William Sloan, Stephen Norman, 
Isaac Cpoper, Thomas, William and Garrett McCallister, 
Ralph Williams, John Markle, James Collier, Stephen and 
Henry Dobson, Morris Gillmore, Thomas Shelton and 
William Stanley. 

The election was first held at the house of Abraham 
Adams then at the house of Manly Richards, About the 
year 1830, the precinct was permanently located at New 
Columbus. The second precinct was established at Mar- 
kleville in 1870. The following have served as trustees : 
William Sloan, Jacob xFestler, John Boram, J. H. Dailey, 
Randall Biddle, Nelson Prichard and John Justice. There 
are ten school houses in the township, eight frame and two 
brick ; the former are twenty-two by thirty, and cost $600 
apiece ; the latter are twenty by forty, and cost $1,200 each. 

The total number of school children in 1858 was five 
hundred and eighty-four, and the total number in 1874 was 
five hundred and thirty-eight. The number of polls in 
1872 was three hundred and twenty-three, of which one 
hundred and forty-one were cast at New Columbus, and one 
hundred and eighty -two at Markleville. The population 



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MADISON OaUNTY. 31 



of the township in 1850 was one thousand three hundred 
and nine ; in 1860 it was one thousand four hundred and 
fifty-three^ and in 1870 it was one thousand five hundred 
and seventy-six. 

The number of acres of improved land in 1870 was ten 
thousand nine hundred and seventeen. The total value of 
farms and farming implements for the same year was $759^- 
267; vi^lue of live stock, $117,282; and value of all 
productions, $208,969. The number of bushels of corn 
raised in 1870 was ninety-one thousand one hundred and 
sixty-three. The number of miles of pike finished is 
fifteen. The number of Maconic lodges is two, with a total 
membership of sixty-nine. The number of Granges is four, 
with a membership of one hundred and ten. The number 
of i)Ost offices two; the number of saw mills, three; grist 
mill, one ; physicians four ; churches, seven ; local preachers, 
four. 

Fall Creek and Lick Creek pass through the township. 
Among the prominent men that Jiave filled county offices 
from this township are Thomas Bell, Thomas McCallister, 
Joseph Peden, Peter Festler, John McCallister and G. W. 
Hoel. 

TJie hilliest part of the county is in this township, on 
Fall Creek, between Columbus and the Henry county line. 
In this township lives the oldest man in the county, John 
Coopman, aged ninety years. It was in this township that 
the noted Indian murder occurred in 1824, which caused so 
much trouble to the infant settlement. The first marriage 
that took place in the township was in the year 1825, the 
parties being Adam Ellsworth and Sally Eector. The first 
school teacher was C. Hudson; the first physician Dr. 
Horn. The first meetings were held at the private houses 
of Abraham Adams, Peter Jones, and Reason Sargent. 
There was a meeting at the house of Peter Jones on the day 
the Indian bodies were discovered. Among the first 
preachers were James Havens, Mr. Hoel, Saul Beger and 
P. F. Stright. 



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32 HISTOBY OP 



Those serving as Justices of the Peace, are as follows 2 
Hiram Birch, William Nelson, Moses Surber, J. M. Zeke, 
M. Armstrong, Thomas McCallister, Joseph Peden, Jose- 
phus Poindexter, Andrew Bray, Samuel Williams, G. W. 
Hoel, John Justice, Edgar Poindexter, James Moneyhun, 
and J. A. Sebrell. The last two are now serving. 

We omitted to mention in the proper place the names of 
Greorge and William Sebriell, who also served as justices* 
Otherwise the list is thought to be nearly or quite correct.x 
There are but very few of the early settlers of the town- 
ship now remaining in it. Among those few are Kitty 
Williams, daughter of Abraham Adams, John Coopman, 
John Blake, Ralph Williams, Thornton Rector, William 
Sloan, J. F. Collier, and Morris Gillmore. 



ANDERSON TOWNJSSIP. 

This township is six miles square, and is the only square 
township in the county, excepting Van Buren. The number 
of inhabitants in 1850 was one thousand three hundred and 
forty-six; in 1860 it was two thousand five hundred and 
thirty; in 1870 it was four thousand seven hundred and 
thirteen, and in 1874 estimated at five thousand five hun- 
dred. In 1870 it had three hundred and seventy-one 
foreigners and ninety-one colored persons. The number of 
acres of improved land, in 1870, was one hundred and six 
thousand six hundred and eleven ; the value of farms and 
farming implements, $1,049,974; value of live stock, 
$97,053; total value of all products, $207,899. The num- 
ber of bushels of com raised in 1870, was ninety-six thous- 
and one hundred and forty one. It has fourteen school 
houses, five of which are brick. The total value of school 
property, including grounds, houses, etc., is $14,300 ; value 
of school property in the city of Anderson, $8,000. The 
number of school children in 1858, including Anderson, was 
eight hundred and fifby-four. The number in 1874, including 



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MADISON COUNTY. 33 



Anderson, was sixteen hundred and forty-four. It contains 
five grist mills^ eight saw mills^ three planing mills^ two 
heading and stave factories, three cooper shops, four wagon 
shops, two chair manufactories, one spoke and hub factory, 
two furniture rooms, two lumber yards, three harness shops, 
two tanyards, two hardware stores, three hotels, eight dry 
goods stores, fourteen groceries, four drug stores, four shoe 
stores, eight general assortment stores, five churches, one 
post office, twelve physicians, eighteen lawyers, five local 
preachers, one telegraph office, two express offices, three 
stove stores, three agricultural warehouses, three grain ware- 
houses, two printing offices, six shoe shops, one carriage shop, 
one wagon ae.d carriage shop, three wagon shops, one foundry 
one pump shop, one marble shop, two photograph galleries, 
two bakeries, three banks, one flax mill, five blacksmith shops, 
two jewelry stores, one revenue office, two Masonic lodges, 
one Odd Fellows lodge, six Granges, three building and 
loan associations, three millinery establishments, one gun- 
smith shop, one wholesale liquor establishment, three livery 
stables, four butcher shops, one temperance society, I. O. G. 
T., and one book store. 

This township was settled about the year 1820. Among 
the first settlers were William and John Allen, John Berry, 
Alford Makepeace, I^r. Wyman, William Curtis, N. Berry, 
Andrew Jackson, Joseph Howard, R. N. Williams, W. B. 
Allen, G. T. Hoover, William Beard, John and Thomas 
Haruiison, W. G. Atherton, William Roach, Judge Mer- 
shoon, J. W. Westerfield and Joel Blackledge. 

Among those who have served as Justices of the Peace, 
we find the following : John Berry, John Allen, J. M. 
Zeke, Oren Todhunter, Henry Wyman, Joel Blackledge 
J. P. Sharp, David Williamson, John Renshaw, P. H. 
Lemon, G. W. Bowen, Henry Whitmore, W. H. Mershoon, 
Andrew Jackson, Asa Pratt, William Roach and Edward 
Schlater. 

Among the first merchants in Anderson were Connor ,& 
Makepeace. The first lawyer was C. D. Henderson. TJ|;ie 
3 



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34 HISTORY OF 



first blacksmith was Mr. Bane. The first hotel was kept 
by John Berry. 

White river passes through this township from east to 
west. Kill Buck comes into the township at the north and 
empties into White river near the railroad bridge. Prairie 
Creek has its source in this township, and flows south into 
Fall Creek, near Pendleton. There are three miles of the 
hydraulic canal in this township, which terminates at Ander- 
son. It contains twenty-five mil^ of pike and seventeen 
miles of railroad. In this township is Anderson, the county 
seat, which will be spoken of more fully in another place. 
The general surface of the county is level, with the excep- 
tion of a few bluffs along White river and Kill Buck. 
The fact that this township contains the county seat will 
keep this ahead of the other townships as far as population 
and business is concerned; the soil, however, is no better 
than is found elsewhere. 



BOONE TOWNSHIP. 

This township derived its name from Daniel Boone, of 
frontier notoriety. It occupies a central position in the 
north tier of townrhips. It is six miles from east to west, 
and five from north to south, and contains an area of thirty 
square miles. 

Among the first settlers were Thomas Brunt, Wright 
Smith, John W. Forest, John Tomlinson, Dudley Doyle, 
John Moore, William Rieves, Peter Eaton and Robert 
Webster. 

The population of the township in 1850 was two hundred 
and ninety-nine; in 1860 it was six hundred and seventy- 
eight; in 1870 it was ten hundred and seventy-eight ; and 
in 1874 estimated at twelve hundred. It contains eight 
school houses valued at $3,150, including grounds, maps, 
etc. In 1858 it contained two hundred and ninety-six 



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MADISON COUNTY. 35 



school children ; in 1874 in had three hundred and ninety. 
The number of acres of improved land in 1870 was seven 
thousand three hundred and eighteen ; value of farm and 
farm implements, $1,049,974; value of live stock, $83,240. 
The number of bushels of corn in 1870 ^was fifty-four 
thousand seven hundred and forty-eight; number of 
churches, two ; of Sabbath schools, two ; of physicans, two ; 
steam saw mills, three; blacksmiths, two; tile factories, 
one ; local preachers, three. 

Among those who have served as Justices of the Peace, 
we find the following: John Tomlinson, B. Carver, W. 
Doyle, J. W. Forest, Thomas Clark, A. J. Seward, and E. 
H. Peters. 

The surface of Boone township is level, and when prop- 
erly ditched this township will be one of the most fertile in 
the county. Duck Creek passes through the southeast 
corner. Lily creek has its source in this township. Boone 
was originally one of the finest timbered townships in the 
county, and here some of the finest oak trees are yet stand- 
ing. It also has had some fine walnut and poplar groves, 
but they have disappeared to a great extent. Forestville is 
near the center of the township and was named in honor of 
John W. Forest. There was a post ofiice here kept by 
J. W. Forest, but it has been discontinued. ^The elections 
are held here in school house No. 7. The people of Boone 
are somewhat destitute of merchants, mechanics and a post 
office. Forestville should maintain a good store, a post 
office and five or six mechanics. This would materially 
add to the convenience of the citizens of the township. 
The pioneers of this township had a hard time to make 
a start and nothing short of heroism and untold persever- 
ance would have succeeded. The land was naturally low 
and wet and covered with a dense forest. There were 
no roads no mills or other conveniencies. In this gloomy 
picture a few pioneers pitched their tents about the year 
1842. Little by little the forest has been removed and the 
water has been confined to ditches. Eoads have taken the 
place of bridle paths and Indian traces, school houses and 



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36 HISTORY OP 



churches have multiplied and other conveniences have been 
introduced as the times would seem to demand. Boone, 
however, is not yet finished. Thousands of acres yet remain 
to be ditched and put under proper cultivation. When 
this is done Boone will take rank with some of her other 
sister townships. The presentt rustee is William D. Brunt.. 



DUCK CREEK TOWNSHIP. 

This township is situated in the northwest corner of the 
county. It is six miles from north to south and four from 
east to west, and contains twenty-four square miles. This 
is perhaps the newest township in the county. There yet 
remains a large amount of uncultivated land which is 
cpvered with excellent timber. Duck Creek, from which 
this township derived its name, passes through the south- 
eastern part. About two-thirds of this township was 
originally embraced in the Miami Reserve. Independence 
is situated on the north line adjoining Grant county. This 
township was originally embraced in the territory of Pipe 
Creek, but was made an independent township in 1851. 
The population in 1860 was four hundred and ninety-eight; 
in 1870 it was seven hundred and eighty-nine, and in 1874 
estimated at one thousand. It contains six school houses 
valued at $2,500. In 1858 it had two hundred and five 
school children, and in 1872 it had two hundred and sixty- 
two. 

The number of acres of improved land in 1870 was five 
thousand eight hundred and twenty- four. The number of 
bushels of corn raised in 1870 was forty-three thousand 
seven hundred and twenty, value of live stock, $61,415. 

Among the first settlers of this township we find the 
names of David Waymire, Amasa Clymer, James Gray, 
Elliott Waymire, Thomas Castell, Fielding Sampson, D. B. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 37 



Newkirk, Arthur Purtie, Isaac Doughty, John Quick, 
Samuel Purtie, Isaac Wann, and A. Minnick. 

Among those who have served as Justices of the Peace 
we find the names of Elliott Way mire, Amasa Clymer, D. 
V. Newkirk, J. C. Wardwell, David Trambanger and A. J. 
Ross. 

A vast amount of lumber has been shipped from Elwood 
and Independence, which was sawed at the mills of William 
Hedrick and Henry Cochran. 

Duck Creek township, though wild, and to a great extent 
uncultivated, will in time make a good farming country. 
With its inexhaustible soil and valuable timber, nothing is 
needed but time to make it an average township. Already 
good barns and dwellings are found here, as in older settled 
localities. 

We omttted in the proper place the name of John Har- 
mon, who has been a prominent citizen of this township for 
many years. We have, however, a communication from 
Mr. Harmon, which will be found in another part of the 
work and will doubtless be read with interest. In this 
communication Mr. Harmon dwells at some length on the 
early history of Duck Creek, which will account for this 
short and imperfect sketch. 



FALL CREEK TOWNSHIP. 

This township derived its name from the Falls of the 
creek. It is seven miles from north to south and six trom 
east to west, and contains forty-two square miles. The 
number of inhabitants in 1850 was two thousand one hun- 
dred and twenty-eight; in 1860 it was two thousand one 
hundred and seventeen ; in 1870 it was two thousand four 
hundred and eighty-three, and in 1870 estimated at two 
thousand six hundred. 

The number of acres of improved land in 1870 was four- 



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38 HISTORY OF 



teen thousand seven hundred and five ; value of farms and 
farm implements, $1,235,870; value of live stock, $124,829 ; 
value of all products, $270,937. The number of bushels 
of corn raised in 1870 was one hundred and fifteen thous- 
and nine hundred and fifty ; number of school houses, four- 
teen; total value of school property, including grounds, etc., 
$8,000. The number of school children in 1858 was six 
hundred and seventy ; in 1874 it was seven hundred and 
sixty-nine. 

There is in the township four grist mills, four saw mills, 
one planing mill, one flax mill, seven blacksmith shops, four 
harness shops, one tailor shop, one printing oflSce, one bank, 
one photograph gallery, two hardware stores, six dry goods 
stores, four groceries, two drug stores, one tin shop, two 
cooper shops, three wagon shops, one telegraph office, five 
churches, four Sunday schools, one Masonic lodge, one Odd 
Fellows lodge, six Granges, four local preachers, one dentist, 
two post offices, two lawyers, three warehouses, one hotel, 
two livery stables, twenty-eight miles of pike, two butcher 
shops, eight carpenters, seven miles of railroad, two milli- 
nery shops and one stone quarry. 

Pendleton and Huntsville are both in this township. 
Among the first settlers of this township, commencing in 
1820, were James Pendleton, Judge Winchell, Thomas 
Bell, Thomas and James Scott, Dr. Bordwell, Elias Hol- 
lingsworth, the Richmond family and Israel T. Cox. 
Coming soon after were George Nicholson, Adam Dobson, 
Martin Chapman, William Williams, Enos Adamson, 
William and Thomas Silver, Isaac and John Busby, Palmer 
Patrick, J. T. Swain, B. F. Gregory, Judge Walker, 
William and James Brown, John H. and Ward Cook, A. 
M. Ulin, John J. Lewis and Neal Hardy. 

The first physician was Lewis Bordwell. The first store- 
keeper was Israel T. Cox. The first church was organized 
in 1823 by the Rev. Cotton of the Ohio Conference. The 
first preacher afterwards was James Reader. The first 
white child born was at the house of Jacob Shells; the 
second was at the house of Elias HoUingsworth. The first 



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MADISON COUNTY. 39 

wedding was that of Stephen Corwin and Hanna Ellsworth, 
and occurred in the year 1821 or 1822. They had to go to 
Connersville for their license. After the ceremony the door 
was taken off of its. hinges to serve as a table. Around 
this humble board the first wedding cake was broken and 
metheglin flowed in abundance. A good time was had gen- 
rally, in one small room, which served for kitchen, dining 
room and parlor. , 

Among those who served as Justices of the Peace were 
James Pendleton, Mr. Birk, Thomas Barnes, Thomas Silver, 
J. W. Walker, J. T. Swain, P. E. Maul, A, B. Caroll, T. 
B. Mitchell and E. O. Chapman. 

The history of Fall Creek is interesting. It was here the 
first pioneers of the county settled, here the first court was 
held, the first white child born and the first wedding was 
celebrated. With Fall Creek township cluster many remi- 
niscences, pleasant to those who survive of the early band. 



GREEN TOWNSHIP. 

This township is situated in the southwest corner of the 
county, and is six miles from north to south, and four from 
east to west, and contains an area of twenty-four square 
miles. The Bellefontaine Railroad passes through the 
southeast corner. Fall Creek and Lick Creek pass through 
the south end of the township, and unite near the west line. 

Among the first citizens of Green were Judge Samuel 
HoUiday, Thomas and James Scott, Henry Hiday, Samuel 
Gibson, Abraham Cotrell, William McCarty, James and 
Isaac Jones, Saul Shaul, and Elias Ellis. Following soon 
after we find Wesley White, Washington Pettigrew, 
William A. Williamson, John Shaul, William Alfont, O. 
B. Shaul and Samuel Nicholson. 

Among the first Justices were Samuel Gibson and Evan 
Ellis. The present ones are C. Goodrich and N. West. 



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40 HISTORY OF 



The Noblesville and Pendleton pike passes through the 
north end of this township. The pike leading from the 
Hamilton county line to Pendleton also passes through the 
southern part of the north side on Fall Creek. The total 
length of both roads is nine miles. Foster's Branch flows 
through the eastern part and empties into Fall Creek three 
miles southwest of Pendleton. 

The township has six school houses, valued at (including 
grounds, etc.) $2,650. It contains three churches, two post 
offices, one blacksmith shop, one store, one physician, two 
saw mills, and in 1874 three hundred and twenty-eight 
school children. 

The population in 1850 was seven hundred and forty-four ; 
in 1860 it was seven hundred and nine; in 1870 it was nine 
hundred and fifty-four, and in 1874 estimated at eleven 
hundred. The number of acres of improved land in 1870 
was seventy thousand and seventy ; value of farms and 
farm implements, $482,303; value of live stock, $65,560; 
value of all productions, $1,938,000. The number of 
bushels of corn in 1870 was forty- seven thousand five hun- 
dred and seventy. 

Among the prominent men who have filled county offices 
from Green, are Saul Shaul and Andrew Shanklin. It was 
also the home of Judge HoUiday, of whom a personal 
sketch will be found in another place. Alfont is in the 
southeastern part, on the Bellefontaine Kailroad, of which a 
full account will be given elsewhere. 

In the southern part of Green township on Lick Creek 
and Fall Creek we find some of the finest cultivated farms 
in the township. With its wide spreading fields and green 
pastures it presented an inviting prospect when I was there 
in June last. It is now over half a century since it was 
first settled, and few, if any of the sturdy pioneers remain. 
The storms of time have swept them one by one away. 
The only one we call to mind is Thomas Scott, left solitary, 
like a strong tree after a tornado has swept over it. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 41 



JACKSON TOWNSHIP. 

This township was named in honor of Ex-President 
Andrew Jaekson. It is six miles from north to south, and 
is in the shape of an Lt, and contains twenty-eight square 
miles. White river runs through this township from east 
to west, and Pipe Creek through the northwest comer. 
Stony Creek has its source in the southeast comer. Per- 
kinsville and Hamilton are in this township, both of which 
are voting places. 

The population in 1850 was nine hundred and fifty; in 
1860 it was one thousand and seven, and in 1874 estimated 
at twelve hundred. The number of acres of improved land 
in 1870 was ten thousand one hundred and twenty seven; 
value of farms and farm implements, $724,539 ; value of 
live stock, $89,749 ; value of all productions, $141,676. 

The number of bushels of corn in 1870 was sixty-six 
thousand four hundred seventy-five; number of school 
houses, ten ; the total value, including grounds, etc., $5,800. 
The number of ^hool children in 1858 was three hundred 
and ninety-eight; the number in 1874 was four hundred 
and eighty-nine. The number of grist mills is one, of saw 
mills, four; physicians, five ; post offices, two; churches, 
five ; blacksmith shops, three ; harness shops, one ; drag 
stores, one ; general assortment stores, two ; tile factories, 
one ; local preachers, three ; Granges, five ; Masonic lodge, 
one; Odd Fellows lodge, one; shoe shops, three; wagon 
shop, one ; miles of pike, eight. 

Among the first settlers, we find the following, who came 
here about the year 1825. James Perkins, T. L. Beckwith, 
A. B. Cole, Solomon Neese, Dr. Douglass, Joel White, 
John Ashby, Dr. Godell, Jacob Zeller. Coming soon after 
we find the families of McClintock's, McCoy ^s, Benefield's and 
Lee's. The Anderson and Perkinsville pike passes through 
this township on the north side of the river. The pike 



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42 HISTORY OF 



from Hamilton to Anderson extends throngh part of the 
township. 

Among the first Justices were Henry Shetterly and J. 
N. Berreman. The present one is J. M. Garrettson. 
Among the first ministers we find the names of Nathaniel 
Richmond, James Perkins, H. Smith, James Havens and 
John H. Hull. Among the first merchants were Beckwith 
& Cole, and Hedrick & Bristol. Among the first physi- 
cians were Dr. Douglass, T. L. Carr and Dr. Clark. The 
trade of this township is divided between Anderson, 
Noblesville and Perkinsville. The northern and southern 
parts of this township are level ; the central portion is 
inclined to be a little broken and is excellent land. 

Among the prominent men who have filled county ofiBces, 
are T. L. Beckwith and James H. Snell. The present 
Township Trustee is Martin Pruett. The township library 
is kept by Moses Genner. 



LA FAYETTE TOWNSHIP. 

This township was nan^ed in honor of LaFayette, whose 
name every American citizen reveres. It occupies a central 
position in the county. It is six miles from east to west, 
and five and three-fourths from north to south, and contaius 
an area of thirty-four and one-half square miles. It is the 
only township that corresponds with the congressional town- 
ships, that is, beginning with section No. 1 in the northeast 
and ending with section No. 36 in the southeast. The first 
house built in this township was by H. Eye in 1830. 

This township was originally embraced in the territory of 
Richland, but in the year 1836 LaFayette was created in 
compliance with the petition of the following : 

James Hollingsworth, Samuel Moore, Enos Mustard, 
William Curtis, George Moore, George Wilson, John Ma- 
gart, Isaac Jones, James Finny, Samuel Felty, Jourdan 



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MADISON COUNTY. 43 



Ootan, Read Wilson, John Groan and Matthew Taylor, who 
were among the first citizens of the township. 

Among those who have served as Justices of the Peace we 
find the following: John Magart, J. B. Peniston, Isaac 
Jones, Isaac P. Snelson, Lewis I. Bailey, John Ridgeway, 
James Hoi lings worth, John Ootan, Jacob Newton, J. W. 
Hillegoss, Hamilton Scott and George D. Thompson. 

The following have served as Trustees : James Hollings- 
worth, John Cowan, Jourdan Ootan, Enos Mustard, P. 
Millar, Robert Goodwin, Allen Sims, Thomas Stanley, Zail 
Raines, Thomas G. Clark, George Craighead, James 
Matchet, J. L. Jones and John Guston, now acting. 

The number of acres of improved land in 1870 was nine 
thousand seven hundred and fifty-six ; value of farms and 
farm implement, $665,146; value of live stock, $95,104; 
value of all productions, $181,370. The number of bushels 
of corn in 1872 was seventy-six thousand two hundred and 
two. The population of the township in 1850 was six 
hundred and ninety-four; in 1860 it was one thousand; in 
1870 it was one thousand four hundred and fifty-two, and 
in 1874 estimated at one thousand six hundred. 

In 1858 it had four hundred and thirteen school children; 
in 1870 it had six hundred and nine. It contains nine 
school houses which cost $400 each, excepting school house 
No. 4, built in 1873, which cost $650. The total value of 
all school property, including grounds, etc. is $3,800. The 
Cincinnati and Chicago Railroad passes through this town- 
ship from southeast to northwest, a distance of ten miles. 
It has nine miles of pike. The number of stores is one ; 
number of post oflSces, one; churches, three; saw mills, 
two ; physicians, two ; local preachers, one. 

Indian or Rich Creek passes through this township from 
northeast to southwest, and empties into White river near 
Hamilton. Among the prominent men of this township 
who have been more or less noted, are Thomas G. Clark, 
Dr. John Hunt, Isaac P. Snelson and G. W. Harris. 

Florida station is ia this township, a full account of 
which will be found in another part of this work. The 



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44 HISTORY OF 



surface of this township is very level, and is called, in jest, 
" lay-flat '' township. From its central position, its railroad 
facilities and numerous other advantages, it is, notwith- 
standing its flatness, a very desirable place to live. 



MONROE TOWNSHIP, 



This township derived its name from Ex-President 
Monroe, and is the largest in the county, extending more 
than half way across the entire width of the county and 
containing an area of fifty-one square miles. In point of 
population it ranks third in the county. 

Among the first settlers of this township were Joseph 
Hall, Peter Cassell, Baxter Davis, John Chitwood, Stephen 
Norris, Elija Snodgrass, Hildria Lee, John Brunt, Evan 
Ellis, John Cree, Jacob Price, Morgan and James James, 
John Banks, Elijah Williamson, Macajah Chanless, David 
Pickard and Lorenzo Carver. 

Among those who have served as Justices of the Peace 
we find the names of Aaron Williams, David Pickard, Jesse 
Ellis, William Wilson, Daniel King, Moses Harris, Stephen 
Norris, Jesse Williams, Jacob Cassell and James Russell. 

The population of the township in 1850 was twelve hun- 
dred and forty-four ;^ in 1860 it was one thousand seven 
hundred forty-one; in 1870 it was two thousand two hun- 
dred and twenty-one, and in 1874 estimated at two thousand 
four hundred. , 

The number of acres of improved land in 1870 was 
sixteen thousand seven hundred and seventy-seven ; value 
of farms and farm implements, $1,095,463 ; value of live 
stock, $161,596 ; number of bushels of corn, one hundred 
and thirty-four thousand five hundred and forty-seven; 
school houses, eleven ; value of school property, including 
grounds, houses, maps, charts, globes, etc, $8,000. The 
number of school children in 1858 was seven hundred ; the 



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MADISON COUNTY. 45 



number in 1873 was nine hundred and sixty-one, and in 
1874 it was nine hundred and thirty-one. 

Monroe contains two towns, Alexandria and Osceola, both 
spoken of in separate places. Pipe Creek passes through 
and flows in a southwesterly direction, and several of its 
smaller tributaries take their rise in this township. 

The LaFayette and Muncie Eailroad passes through from 
the soujtheast to the northwest. The township contains one 
grist mill, four steam saw mills, five churches, five physi- 
cians, eight stores, one tan yard, one planing mill, one 
harness shop, four shoe shops, two lawyers, two post offices 
one hotel, four local preachers, eight Sabbath schools and 
four miles of pike. 

Among the public men who have filled county offices are 
William Wilson, Evan Ellis, Frederick Black, Dr. Pugh, 
D. K. Carver and Robert Cree. The first brick house 
was built in 1835 by Peter Edwards on the farm now 
owned by Abram Miller, south of Alexandria. In the year 
1836 some small mills were built on Pipe Creek by James 
James, Peter Cassell, Daniel Franklin and Henry Hough. 
They are all numbered among the things of the past 
with the exception of one, three miles west of Alexandria, 
and now owned by David Festler. It does a small custom 
work. 

In the year 1866 William Daniels built an extensive 
distillery at Alexandria, but it is not now in operation. 
Within this township lived and died the oldest man in the 
county, Moses Maynard, an account of whom will be given 
in another place. 

Among the first physicians were W. F. Spence, David 
Perry and Cyrus Westerfield. Among the first ministers 
were Kevs. Craig, H. Smith, James Havens, James Robie, 
M. G. Beeks, Wade Posey and J. H. Hull. The first school 
teachers were Henry Shark and P. H. Lemon. The first 
blacksmith was Joseph Finnemore. The first merchant was 
N. Berry. The present tiTistee is Daniel M. Scott. 

Monroe township ranks among the first in the county and 
will most likely keep its position. On the completion of 



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46 HISTORY OF 



the LaFayette and Muncie Railroad it will have a market 
at home in place of hauling their produce to Anderson, of 
which they are getting tired. When this road is completed 
Alexandria will not only command its own trade but that of 
Boone and of Van Buren townships. 

We have hastily glanced over the history of Monroe 
township. During a period of forty years it has grown 
from a few pioneers to a prosperous population of twenty- 
four hundred. 



PIPE CREEK TOWiToHIP. 

This township, with the addition of Monroe, occupies the 
entire width of the county. It contains forty-two square 
miles, and has nine in-and-out corners. Among its first 
settlers were Jacob Sigler, Isaac Mills, James Beason, Eli- 
jah Dwiggins, William Taylor, Joseph Miller, John Gough, 
Jacob Shepherd, Henry Plummer, and John Quick. 
Among the Justices who have served we find the names of 
James Beeson, Jonathan Reader, Francis Sigler, Henry 
Mills, Henry McEl fresh, Richard Miner, M. Mills, J. M. 
Doughty, Tremelous Beason, Rudolph Brown, Alexander 
Wood and John Little. The pppulation, in 1850, was 
one thousand five hundred and twelve; in 1860 it was one 
thousand six hundred and ninety ; in 1870 it was two 
thousand three hundred ; in 1874 estimated at two thousand 
five hundred. In 1870 it contained thirteen thousand five 
hundred and forty-six aores of improved land. The value 
of farms and farm implements was 5f836,170; value of live 
stock, $125,442; value of all products, 5f238,179. The 
number of bushels of corn in 1870 was one hundred and 
thirty-four thousand five hundred and forty-seven ; number 
of school houses, eleven. The total value, including grounds, 
etc., $11,900. The number of grist mills, three ; saw mills, 
five; post offices, two; blacksmith shops, five; harness 



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MADISON COUNTY. , 47 



shopS; two; shoe shops^ five; physicians, six; drug stores, 
four ; dry goods stores, five ; groceries, three ; wagan and 
carriage shops, one ; local preachers, four ; sabbath schools, 
six ; voting precincts, two ; carpenters, eight ; Granges, 
five; Masonic Lodges, two; Odd Fellow Lodges, two. 
Frankton and Elwood are both in this township. Pipe 
Creek and Duck Creek both pass through the township. 
The Cincinnati and Chicago Railroad passes through the 
central part, and the Lafayette and Muncie Railroad, now 
in progress, passes through the northern part, and is, at this 
writing, graded and ready for the ties. The first town 
started in this township was New Madison, and was built 
in 1835. Among the first ministers was Rev. Beach, who 
preached at the house of Jacob Sigler in 1825. The first 
school house was built at Frankton in 1830. The first Sun- 
day school was organized by John Snell in 1832. A sab- 
bath school was organized at Elwood, in 1855, by Joseph 
Anderson. The New Light Society fifet met at Hagerty's 
School House, in 1859, when there was preaching by J^ 
Depboy. Among the first members of this society were 
William King and wife, Lewis Bailey and wife, Berry 
Etchison and wife, S. Hurst and Malinda Etcherson. The 
first United Brethren Church was organized in 18r32, at the 
house of William Montgomery. Among the first members 
were William Montgomery and wife. It will be seen by 
the above figures that Pipe Creek is among the foremost in 
the county, and its soil will compare favorably with the rest 
of the townships. 



RICHLAND TOWNSHIP 

This township derived its name from the rich land within 
its borders. It is well named, for there is no township in 
the county containing as much good land proportionally. 
It contains twenty-seven square miles.. It joins Delaware 



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48 , HISTORY OF 



county on the east. It was settled in the year 1830, when 
we find the following were its pioneers : William Curtis, 
who built the first house in the township ; John Beal, B. F. 
Walker, Samuel Stephens, William McClosky, Solomon 
Nelson, J. W. Westerfield, James and William Maynard 
and John Hunt. These were followed by J. R. Holston, 
Randolph Chambers, Jonathan Dillon, John Coburn,Weems 
Heagy, Thomas Thornberg, and Madison and Samuel 
Falkner. 

Big Kill Buck passes through this township from the 
northeast to the southwest. Little Kill Buck flows along 
the eastern side and empties into Big Kill Buck in the 
southwest corner of the township. 

The Anderson and Alexandria pike and the Anderson and 
Kill Buck pike both pass through this township. The 
county poor farm is located in the southern part of this 
township. 

Among the first physicians were John and William A. Hunt 
and Andrew McNear. It contains two excellent churches 
and seven school houses. In 1858 it had four hundred and 
one school children, and in 1872 it had three hundred and 
eighty-six. The total value of school property in 1872 was 
$4,500. The number of acres of improved land in 1870 was 
eleven thousand two hundredand ninety-eight. Value of 
farms and farm implements, 5f 884,578. Value of live stock 
$96,203. Value of all products, $219,641. Number of 
bushels of corn, ninety-five thousand eight hundred and 
ninety-fonr. The population of the township in 1850 was 
eight hundred and fifty. In 1860 it was nine hundred and 
twenty-six. In 1870 it was one thousand and fifty-six, and 
in 1874 estimated at one thousand two hundred. It has a 
foreign population of twenty-six. 

Among the first Justices were Christian Lower and Jacob 
Beals. The present Trustee is David E. Croan. It has two 
woolen factories, two saw mills, one blacksmith and two 
physicians. 

Prosperity is in this township, and formerly a place of 
some trade. It contained a Post Office and store, but these 



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MADISON COUNTY, 49 



have been discontinued. This township has inrnished sev- 
eral prominent men who have served as county officers. They 
are as follows : John Hunt, John Cobum, David Croan, 
and Weems Heagy. Among those who have been more or 
less prominent we may mention B. F. Walker, William 
Parris, Samuel Falkner, Jacob Bronnenberg and William 
A. Hunt. 

The general surface of this township is level, and as inti- 
mated above, very productive. The farm houses in this 
township are noted for being not only substantial, but taste* 
ful, and ia many cases elegant. Thus surrounded, the citi- 
zens of Richland should be a happy and contented people. 



STONEY CREEK TOWNSHIP. 

This township contains an area of twenty-eight square 
miles. Among the first settlers were Thomas Busby, D. E. 
Studley, Charles Fisher, John Anshultz, John Anderson, 
George Reddick, Henry Studley, and David Bodenhorn. 
Among those who have served as Justices of the Peace we 
find the following : Thomas Busby, Henry Shederly, John: 
Anshultz, Edwin Lemon, W. A. Fisher, Jacob Kellem, 
Phillip Anshultz, and Clinton Welch. The population of 
thp township in 1850 was two hundred and ninety-one; in 
1860 it was five hundred and ninety-seven; in 1870 it wasr 
one thousand and eighty-two, and in 1874 estimated at 
one thousand three hundred. The number of acres of land 
in cultivation in 1870 was eight thousand seven hundred^ 
and twenty-four; value of farms and farm implements, 
1602,413; value of live stock, $67,911; number of school 
houses, nine; total value of* school property, including^ 
grounds, etc., $4,400. The number of school children in 
1868 was three hundred and seven; in 1874 it was four 
hundred and thirty. There are in this township one post 

office, three churches, four physicians, two stores, two pre- 
4 



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50 HISTORY OF 



cincts, twelve miles of pike, two blacksmith shops, two saw 
mills, three local preachers, four Granges. The pikes from 
Anderson to Fishersburg, and from Pendleton to Fishers- 
burg, pass through this township. The railroad now in prog- 
ress from St. Louis to Anderson, by way of Noblesville, 
passes through Stoney Creek. The length of the line 
within the township is six miles.' Stoney creek passes 
through the northwestern part. This and the township 
derived their names from the large amount of stone in the bed 
of this stream. The first merchant was Charles Fisher ; the 
first physician, James Barrett; first minister, Charles Bon- 
ner ; first smith, William Stanley, 



UNION TOWNSHIP. 



This township is the smallest in the county. It is six and 
one-half miles from north to south, and three miles from 
east to west, containing nineteen and one-half square miles. 
It derived its name from the fact that it joins Delaware and 
Henry county on the east. Although the smallest in the 
county, its history is interesting. Within its borders are 
the famous Indian mounds. The Bellefontaine, and the 
Cincinnati and Chicago Railroads, the White river, and the 
hydraulic canal pass through this township. Chesterfield is 
the place of voting. Among the first settlers were Allen 
Makepeace, Frederick Bronenburg, Sr., Daniel Noland, 
Amasa Makepeace, William Diltz, John Suman, Brasleton 
Noland, Henry and Jacob Shimer, Dr. Godwin, Wil- 
liaift Johns, John Eichardson, and George Makepeace. 
Among the first merchants were Allen Makepeace, Jacob 
Shimer, and George Makepeace. The first postmaster was 
Amasa Makepeace. .The first physicians were Dr. Godwin, 
Samuel Weddington and G. W. Beninggall. The first 
blacksmith was John Rozell. - The first shoemaker was 
Solomon Sawyer. The first grist mill was built at Chester- 



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MADISON CX)UNTY. 61 



field by Amasa Makepeace, in the year 1827. A tan yard 
was started at Chesterfield about the same time by Russell 
<<& Brother, and was afterward owned by Amasa Makepeace; 
next by Mr. Williams, and in 1869 was discontinued. In 
1848, the school house in Chesterfield was built. It is a 
frame two stories in hight, and at that time was a very cred- 
itable house. The lower story has been used for a school- 
room, and the upper one for a Masonic hall. It is now old 
and dilapidated, and is not considered safe to meet in it. ^ 
Among the first justices were Amasa Makepeace and Lewis 
JShroyer. The present ones are Geo'rge Carpenter and Wil- 
liam T. Trueblood. On the completion of the Bellefontaine 
railroad, in 1852, an impetus was given to Chesterfield ; a 
4epot was established ; a warehouse was erected, and a large 
amount of wheat shipped from here. Soon after B. Noland 
built the grist mill near the railroad, and J. B. Anderson built 
the steam saw mill, both of which did a large business. 
The latter was moved away in 1870. Union township has 
at present two grist mills, one saw mill, eight miles ot rail- 
road, two churches, one Masonic Lodge, one Grange Lodge, 
and five school houses, which cost six hundred dollars each. 
The number of school children in 1858 was two hundred 
and 14, and in 1874 it was two hundred and eighty-eight. 
The population in 1850 was six hundred and twenty-three; 
in 1860 it was eight hundred and fifty -eight; in 1870 it was 
^ight hundred and fifty-one. It has a small swamp prairie 
extending south from Chesterfield, and containing several 
hundred acres. It is being redeemed, and soon will be the 
best land in the township. About one-third of this town- 
ship lies north of the river, and the other two-thirds south. 
Within this township were committed two of the most dia- 
bolical murders that have ever occurred in the county, of 
which a separate accouut will be given in another part of 
this work. The general surface of the township is level, 
with the exception of the bluffs of White river. It is well 
adapted to the raising of wheat, and the prairie spoken of 
above is one of the best corn-raising regions in the county. 
"There is yet in the southern part a large body of excellent 
timber. 



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52 HISTORY OF 



VAN BUREN TOWNSHIP. 

This township occupies the northeast corner of the county* 
It is five miles square, and contains an area of twenty-five 
square miles. It was named in honor of Van Buren on the 
suggestion of George Moore, who was one of its earliest 
settlers. The population of the township in 1850 was four 
Jiundred and six. In 1860 it was six hundred and seventy- 
two. In 1 870 it was eight hundred and seventy-four, and 
in 1874 estimated at one thousand. 

The number of school children in 1858 was two hundred 
and fifty-six. In 1874 it was three hundred and eighty- 
six. The number of school houses at the present is six* 
The total value of school property including grounds, houses^ 
maps, etc., is $2,650. 

Among the early settlers of this township were John 
Shields, George and Aquilla Moore, Samuel Finnemore^ 
Zachariah Robinson, Harrison Allen, J. M. Zedaker, Hiram 
Palmer, Thomas Gordon, Jacob Davis, and James Blades. 
Among those serving as Justices of the Peace we find the 
following : Hiram Alien, David Culberson, Zachariah Rob- 
inson, J. S. Moore, P. Baker, A. M. Williams, J. D. Marshr, 
and G. M. Painter. The first Trustee was George Moore* 
The present one is J. N. Inglis. There are in the township 
one post office, one grist mill, three saw mills, one drug^ 
store, two general assortment stores, three blacksmith shops^ 
one wagon maker, two physicians, two churches, two Sab- 
bath-schools, two local preachers, one harness shop, one shoe 
shop, and one tan yard. 

Summitville, is in this township, a separate account of 
T^hich will be given in another place. The general surface 
of the township is level. It is comparatively new but is 
improving rapidly, and will soon compare favorably with 
other townships. The proposed railroad from the lakes to 
Anderson will pass through this township, and will give 
them a much needed market. Mud Creek passes through 
the eastern part and near Summitville. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 63 



THE INDIAN MURDERS IN 1824. 

From 0. H. Smith's ** E»rly Beminiscences of Indiana." 

At the time of the Indian mnrders on Fall Creek, the 
country was new and the population scattered here and 
there in the woods. The game was plenty, and the Indian 
hunting grounds had not been forsaken by several of the 
tribes. The white settlers felt some alarm at the news of an 
Indian encampment, in the neighborhood, and although 
they were all friendly, a watchful eye was kept on all their 
movements. The county of Madison had been organized 
but a short time before. Pendleton, with a few houses at 
the falls, was the seat of the new county. Anderson, on 
White River, was a small village. Chesterfield and Hunts- 
Tille were not then heard of. There were only a few houses 
between Indianapolis and the falls, and still fewer in other 
directions from the capital. Early in the spring of 1824, a 
bunting party of Seneca Indians, consisting of two men, 
three squaws, and four children, encamped on the east side 
of Fall Creek, about eight miles above the falls. The 
country around their camping ground was a dense, unbro- 
ten forest, filled with game. The principal Indian was 
called Ludlow, and was said to be named for Stephen Lud- 
low, of Lawrenceburg. The other man I call Mingo. The 
Indians commenced their seasons hunting and trapping — 
the men with their guns, and the squaws setting the traps, 
preparing and cooking the game, and caring for the child- 
ren — ^two boys, some ten years old, and two girls of more 
tender years. A week had rolled around, and the success 
of the Indians had been very fair, with better prospects 
ahead, as the spring was opening, and raccoons were begin- 
ning to leave their holes in the trees in search of frogs that 
had begun to leave their muddy beds at the bottom of 
th:: creeks. The trapping season was only just com- 
mencing. Ludlow and his band, wholly unsuspicious of 
barm, and unconscious of any approaching enemies, were 
seated around their camp fire, when there approached 
through the woods five white men — Harper, Sawyer, Hud- 



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54 HISTORY OF 



son, Bridge, sen, and Bridge, jr. Harper was the leader,, 
and stepping up to Ludlow, took him by the hand and told 
him his party had lost their horses, and wanted Ludlow and 
Mingo to help find them. The Indians agreed to go in 
search of the horses. Ludlow took one path, apd Minga 
another. Harper followed Ludlow, Hudson trailed Mingo, 
keeping some fifty yards behind. They traveled some short 
distance from the camp when Harper shot Ludlow through 
the body. He fell dead on his'face. Hudson, on hearing 
the crack of the rifle of Harper, immediately shot Mingo, 
the ball entering just below his shoulders and passing clear 
through his body. Mingo fell dead. The party then met,, 
and proceeded to within gunshot of the camp. Sawyer shot 
one of the squaws through the head. She fell and died 
without a struggle. Bridge, sen., shot another squaw, and 
Bridge, jr., the other squaw. Both fell dead. Sawyer 
then fired at the oldest boy, but only wounded him. The 
other children were shot by some of the party. Harper 
then led on to the camp. 

The three squaws, one boy and the two little girls lay 
dead, but the oldest boy was still living. Sawyer took him^ 
by the legs and knocked his brains out against the end of a 
log. The camp was then robbed of everything worth car- 
rying away. Harper, the ring leader, left immediately for 
Ohio and was never taken. Hudson, Sawyer, Bridge, sen* 
and Bridge, jr. were arrested, and when I first saw them 
they were confined in a square log jail, fitting tight above, 
below and on the sides. I entered with the Sherifi; The- 
prisoners were all heavily ironed and sitting on the straw 
on the floor. Hudson was a man of about middle size with 
a bad look, dark eye and bushy hair, about thirty-five years 
of age in appearance. Sawyer was about the same age, 
rather heavier than Hudson, but there was nothing in his 
appearance that could have marked him in a crowd, as any 
other than a common farmer. Bridge, sen., was much older 
than Sawyer; his head was quite grey, he was above the 
common hight, slender and a little bent while standing.. 
Bridge, jr. was some eighteen years of age, a tall stripling.. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 66 



Bridge^ sen. was the father of Bridge^ jr, and the brother- 
in-law of Sawyer. 

The news of these Indian murders flew upon the wings of 
the wind. The settlers became greatly alarmed, fearing the 
retaliatory vengeance of the tribes and especially of the 
other bands of the Senecas. The facts reached Mr. John 
Johnston at the Indian Agency at Piqua, Ohio. An 
account of the murders was sent from the Agency to the 
War Department at Washington City. Colonel Johnston 
and William Conner visited all the Indian tribes, and 
assured them that the Government would punish the offen- 
ders, and obtaining the promises of the chiefe and warriors 
that they would wait and see what their "Great Father^* 
would do before they took the matter into their own hands. 
This quieted the fears of the settlers, and preparation was 
commenced for the trials. A new log building was erected 
at the north part of Pendleton, with two rooms, one for the 
court and the other for the grand jury. The court room 
was about twenty by thirty feet with a heavy " puncheon ^^ 
floor, a platform at one end, three feet high, with a strong 
railing in front, a bench for the judges, a plain table for the 
clerk, in front a long bench for the counsel, a little pen for 
the prisoners, a sidi bench for the witnesses, and a long 
pole in front, substantially supported, to separate the 'crowd 
from thf court and bar. A guard by day and night was 
placed around the jail. The court was composed of Wm. 
W. Wick, presiding judge, Sameul HoUiday and Adam 
Winchell, associates. Judge Wick was young on the bench 
but with much experience in criminal trials. Judge HoUi- 
day was one of the best and most conscientious men I ever 
knew. Judge Winchell was a blacksmith, and had ironed 
the prisoners; he was an honest, rough, frank, illiterate 
man, without any pretentions to legal knowledge. Moses 
Cox was the clerk ; he could barely write his name, and 
when a candidate for Justice of the Peace at Connersville, 
he boasted of his superior qualifications: "I have been 
sued on every section of the statute and know all about the 
law, while my competitor has never been sued and knows 



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56 HISTORY OF 



nothing about the statute." Samuel Cory, the Sheriff, was 
a fine specimen of a woods' Hoosier, tall and strong boned^ 
with hearty laugh, without fear of man or beast, with a voice 
that made the woods^ ring as he called the jurors and 
witnesses. The county was thus prepared for the trials. In 
the meantime the Government was not sleeping. Colonel 
Johnston, the Indian Agent, was directed to- attend the 
trials to see that the witnesses were present and to pay their 
fees. Gen. James Noble, then a United States Senator, was 
employed by the Secretary of War to prosecute, with power 
to fee an assistant. Philip' Sweetzer, a young son-in-law of 
the General, of high promise in his profession, was selected 
by the General as his assistant ; Calvin Fletcher was the 
regular prosecuting attorney, then a young man of more 
than ordinary ability, and a good criminal lawyer. The 
only inn at Pendleton was a new frame house near the 
creek, still standing by the side of the railroad bridge. 

AN ANECDOTE. 

The terra of the court was about being held. The Sun- 
»day before the term commenced the lawyers began to arrive, 
and, as the custom was in those days, they were invited out 
to dine on the sabbath by the most wealthy citizens, as a 
iavor and compliment, not to the lawyers but to their hosts. 
We had a statute in those days imposing a fine of one dol- 
lar on each person who should " profanely curse, swear, or 
damn,'' and making it the duty of all judges aud magis- 
trates to see that the law was enforced upon offenders in their 
presence. Judge Holliday invited Calvin Fletcher, the 
Circuit Prosecuting Attorney, and his Indianapolis friend, 
Daniel B. Wick — the brother of the Judge — to dine with 
him. The invitation was accepted, of course, there being 
no previous engagement in the way. Dinner was announced ; 
Judge Holliday asked a *^ blessing" at the table — Mr. 
Fletcher declining. The Judge iiad killed a fat goose for 
the extraordinary occasion, which was nicely stuffed with 
well seasoned bread and onions, and placed in the center of 



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MADISON COUNTY. 57 



the table, Mr, Wick, who was not a church member, fixed 
his eye upon the goose, and said by way of compliment, 
^' That is a damned fine goose, Judge/' " Yes, it is a fine 
goose, and you are fined a dollar for swearing." Not a 
word more was spoken at the table. Dinner over, Judge 
Holliday said, " 'Squire Wick, pay me the dollar.'' *^ I 
have not a cent with me. Judge." ^^ Perhaps Mr. Fletcher 
will lend it to you." Mr. Fletcher — "I really have only 
enough with me to pay my tavern bill." Judge Holliday— 
'^ What is to be done ? " Fletcher — " Lend him the money. 
Judge, and take his note, or bind him over to court." " I'll 
bind him over ; you'll go his security ? " ^' The rules of the 
court forbid lawyers from going security for any one, but 
you can go it yourself; just draw the recognizance that 
* Daniel B. Wick and Samuel Holliday appeared before 
Samuel Holliday, Associate Judge of the Madison Circuit 
Court and acknowledged themselves to be indebted to the 
State in the penalty of twenty-five dollars each for the 
appearance of Daniel B. Wick at the next term of the court 
to answer.' " The reasonable proposition of Mr. Fletcher 
was at once accepted by all parties. The recognizance was 
taken in due form, and forfeited at the next term, by the 
absence of Mr. Wick. Judgment was rendered against 
Judge Holliday for twenty-five dollars. A petition to the 
Governor was drawn up, and signed by the whole bar ; a 
remittance soon followed. 

The trial of Hudson commenced the next day after the 
Sabbath dinner at Judge HoUiday's, and will now be 
sketched. 

TRIAL OF HUDSON. 

The day for the trial of Hudson, one of the prisoners arrived. 
A number of distinguished lawyers were in attendance from 
this State^ and several from the State of Ohio. Among 
the most prominent I name General James Noble, Philips 
Sweetzer, Harvey Cregg, Lot Bloomfield, James Rariden, 
Charles H. Test, Calvin Fletcher, Daniel B. Wick and 
William R. Morris, of this State ; General Sampson Mason 



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68 HISTOKY OF 



and Moses Vance, of Ohio. Jadge Wick being tempora* 
rily absent in the morning, William R. Morris arose and 
moved the associate judges — " I ask that these gentlemen be 
admitted as attorneys and counsellors at this bar ; they are 
regular practitioners, but have not brought their license 
with them/' Judge Winchell — " Have they come here ta 
defend the prisoners ?" " The most of them have/' " Let 
them be sworn ; nobody but a lawyer would defend a mur- 
derer." 

Mr. Morris — "I move the court for a writ of habeas 
corpus, to bring up the prisoners now illegally confined in 
jail." Judge Winchell— " For What?" "A writ of 
Habeas corpus." "What do you want to do with it?" 
'^ To bring up the prisoners and have them discharged."^ 
*^ Is there any law for that?'' Morris read the statute regu- 
lating the writ of habeas corpus. " That act, Mr. Morris^ 
has been repealed long ago." " Your honor is mistaken, it 
is a constitutional writ, as old as Magna Charta, itself." 
** Well, Mr. Morris, to cut the matter short, it would do you 
no good to bring out the prisoners. I ironed them myself^ 
and you will never get them irons off until they have been 
tried, habeas corpus or no habeas corpus." Percuria 
^^ motion overruled." Judge Wick entered and took hid 
seat between the two side judges. "Call the grand jury. '^ 
All answer to their names and are sworn. Court adjourned 
for dinner. Court met; the grand jury brought into court 
an indictment for murder drawn by Mr. Fletcher against 
Hudson. Counsel on both sides — " Bring the prisoner inta 
court." The Court — " Sheriff, put in the box a jury."^ 
Sheriff — "May it please the Court, Dr. Highday just handed 
me a list of jurors to call on the jury." Judge Wick — 
" Bring Dr. Highday into court." " Did your honor wish 
to see me ?" " Dr. Highday, is this your hand writing?'^ 
" I presume it is." " Dr. Highday we have no jail to put 
you in, the one we have is full; hear your sentence, it is the 
judgment of the Court that you be banished from these 
court grounds till the trials are over. Sheriff, see the judg* 
ment of the Court carried strictly into execution." 



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MADISON COUNTY. 6» 

I digress to give the scene in court, published by General 
Sampson Mason, in a Springfield, Ohio, paper. "As I 
entered the court room the Judge was sitting on a blocks 
paring his toe nails, when the Sheriff entered, out of breath,^ 
and informed the court that he had six jurors tied, and hia 
deputies were running down the others.^^ General Mason, 
with all his candor, unquestionably drew upon his imagina* 
tion in this instance. 

Hudson, the prisoner, was brought into court by the 
deputy Sheriff and two of the guard. His appearance had 
greatly changed since I first saw him in the log pen with 
his comrades in crime. He was now pale, haggard and 
downcast; and with a faltering voice, answered upon his 
arraignment, *' Not Guilty." The petit jury were hardy^ 
honest pioneers, wearing moccasins and side knives. The 
evidence occupied but a single day, and was positive, closing 
every door of hope to the prisoner. The Prosecuting 
Attorney read the statute creating and affixing the punish- 
ment to the homicide, and plainly stated the substance of 
the evidence. He was followed for the prisoner, in able, 
eloquent, and powerful speeches, appealing to the prejudice of 
the jury against the Indians; relating in glowing colors the 
early massacrees of white men, women and children, by the 
Indians ; reading the principal incidents in the history of 
Daniel Boone and Simon Kenton ; relating their cruelties at 
the battle of Blue Licks and Bryant^s Station, and not for- 
getting the defeat of Braddock, Si. Clair and Harmar^. 
General James Noble closed the argument for the State in 
one of his forcible speeches, holding up to the jury the 
bloody clothes of the Indians, and appealing to the justice^ 
patriotism and love of the laws of the jury, not forgetting 
that the safety of the settlers might depend upon the con- 
viction of the prisoners, as the chiefs and warriors expected 
justice to be done. The speech of the General had a 
marked effect upon the crowd, as well as the jury. Judge 
Wick charged the jury at some length, laying down the law 
of homicide in its different degrees, and distinctly impres- 
sing upon the jury that the law knew no distinction as ta 



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€0 HISTORY OF 



nation or color ; that the murder of an Indian was equally 
as criminal in law as the murder of a white man. The 
jury retired, and next morning brought into court a verdict 
of *' guilty of murder in the first degree/^ motion for a new 
trial overruled. The prisoner brought into court, and sen- 
tence of death pronounced in the most solemn manner, by 
Judge Wick. The time for the execution was fixed, as is 
usual, for a distant day. In the meantime Hudson made 
his escape from the guard one dark night, and hid himself 
in a hollow log in the woods, where he was found and 
arrested. 

Time rolled on, the fatal day for the execution arrived, 
multitudes of people were there. Among them were seen 
several Senecas, relatives of the murdered Indians. The 
gallows was erected, just above the Falls, on the north side. 
The people covered the surrounding hills, and at the 
itppointed hour, Hudson, by the forfeiture of his life, made 
the last earthly atonement for his crimes. 

Such was the result of the first case on record in America, 
where a white man was hung for killing an Indian. The 
other cases were continued until the next term of the court, 
.and will hh the subject of a distinct sketch. 

TRIAL OF SAWYER. 

Monday morning came. Court met. Judge Eggleston, 
in fine health, on the bench in the center ; Adam Winchel 
on his left and Samuel HoUiday on his right, Moses Cox at 
the Clerk^s desk, Samuel Cory on the Sheriffs platform and 
Col. John Berry, Captain of the guard, leaning against the 
logs. The grand jury were called, sworn and charged, and 
oourt adjourned for dinner. In the afternoon, the evidence 
of the main witness was heard. I had prepared the indict- 
ments in my office and had them with me. The foreman 
signed the bills on his knee, and they were all returned into 
court before the adjournment. That nfght. Col. John 
Johnston, the Indian Agent, called at my room and offisred 
me $100 on behaif of the United States. I informed him 
that I was a State officer and could not accept the money, 
however tempting it might be under other circumstances. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 61 



The court met in the morning. We agreed to try Sawyer 
first for shooting one of the squaws. The prisoner was 
brought into court by the Sheriff. He appeared so haggard 
and changed by his long confinement, that I scarcely knew 
hini. The court room was crowded. Gen. James Noble, 
Philips Sweetzer and myself for the State ; James Rariden, 
Lot Bloomfield, William R. Morris a^d Charles H. Test, 
for the prisoner. Judge Eggleston — '^Sheriff, call the 
petit jury." Judge Winchel — Sheriff, call Squire Make- 
peace on the jury, he will be a good juror; h^ will not let 
one of these murderers get away." Judge Eggleston, turn- 
ing to Judge Winchell : " This will never do. What ! the 
Court pack a jury to try a capital case ?" The jury was sooa 
impanneled. The evidence was conclusive that the prisoner 
had shot one of the squaws at the camp with his rifle after 
the killing of Ludlow and Mingo by Harper and Hudson, 
in the woods. The jury were a hardy heavy-bearded set of 
of men, with side knives in their belts, and not a pair of 
shoes among the whole of them ; all wore moccasins. 

Mr. Sweetzer opened for the State with a strong matter- 
of-fact speech ; that was his forte. He was followed in able 
speeches by Mr. Morris, Mr. Test and Mr. Rariden, for the 
prisoner. General Noble closed for the prosecution, with a 4 
powerful speech. The General was one of the strongest 
and most effective speakers before a jury, or a promiscuous- 
assembly, I have ever heard. The case went to the jury 
under an able charge from Judge Eggleston and court 
adjourned for dinner. 

At the meeting of the court in the afternoon the jury 
returned a verdict of " guilty of manslaughter," two years 
nard labor in the penitentiary. Mr. Rariden sprang to hi& 
feet, " If the Court please, we let judgment go on the 
verdict, and are ready for the case of Sawyer, for killing 
the Indian boy 'at the camp." "Ready for the State." 
The same jury were accepted by both sides — being in the 
box. They were immediately sworn. The evidence was 
heard again conclusive against the prisoner. General Noble 
opened for the prosecution, and was followed by Charles H» 



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62 HISTORY OF 



Test, William R. Merris and James Rariden, with powerful 
speeches. The jury were referred to their verdict in the 
the previous case, and their judgment warmly eulogized. 
This was, by arrangement, my case to close. I saw my 
position, and that the only point I had to meet, was to draw 
the distinction between the two cases, so as to justify the 
jury in finding a verdict for manslaughter in the one case, 
and of murder in the case before them. In law there was 
no difference whatever. They were both cold-blooded 
murders. The calico shirt of the murdered boy, stained 
with blood, lay upon the table. I was closing a speech of 
an hour. Stepping forward, I took up the bloody shirt, 
and holding it up to the jury : " Yes, gentlemen of the 
jury, the cases are very different. You might find the 
prisoner guilty of ouly manslaughter, in using his rifle on a 
grown squaw ; that was the act of a man, but this was the 
act of a demon. Look at this shirt, gentlemen, with the 
bloody stains upon it ; this was a poor, helpless boy, who 
was taken by the heels by this fiend in human shape, aud 
his brains knocked out against a log ! If the other case was 
manslaughter, is not this murder ?^^ The eyes of the jury 
were filled with tears. Judge Eggleston gave a clear and 
♦able charge upon the law. The jury, after an absence of 
only a few minutes, returned a verdict of " murder in the 
first degree.^' The prisoner was remanded, and Court 
adjourned. 

TRIAL. OF BRIDGE — SCENES AT THE EXECUTION. 

The next morning the case of Bridge, Sr., for shooting a 
little Indian girl at the camp, was called. The prisoner 
entered with the Sheriff. He was more firm in his step 
and looked better than Sawyer, though a much older man. 
A jury was impanneled. The proof was positive. The 
■case was argued by Mr. Morris and Mr. Eariden for the 
prisoner, and Sweetzer and myself for the State. The 
charge was given by Judge Eggleston, and after a few min- 
utes' absence the jury returned a verdict of " murder in the 
first degree.'' The only remaining case — of the strippling. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 63 



Bridge^ Jr., for the other Indian boy at the camp — came on 
next. The trial was more brief, but the result was the 
isame — verdict of murder in the first degree, with a recom- 
mendation, however, to the Governor for a pardon, in con- 
sequence of his youth, in which the Court and bar joined. 
The trials closed. Pro forma motions for new trials were 
overruled, the prisoners remanded, to be brought up for sen- 
tence next morning, and the Court adioumed. 

Morning came and with it a crowded Court House. As I 
walked from the tavern I saw the guards approaching with 
Sawyer, Bridge, Sr., and Bridge, Jr., with downcast eyes 
and tottering steps, in their midst. The prisoners entered 
the court room and were seated. The Sheriff commanded 
silence. The prisoners rose, the tears streaming down their 
feces, and their groans and sighs filling the court room. I 
fixed my eyes upon Judge Eggleston. I had heard him 
pronounce sentence of death on Fuller, for the murder of 
Warren, and upon Fields, for the murder of Murphy. But 
here was a still more solemn scene. An aged father, his 
favorite son and his wife's brother — all standing before him 
to receive sentence of death. The face of the Judge was 
pale, his lips quivered, his tongue faltered, as he addressed 
the prisofaers. The sentence of death by hanging was pro- f 
nounced, but the usual conclusion, " And may God have 
mercy on your souls,'' was left struggling for utterance. 

The time for the execution was fixed at a distant day ; 
but it soon rolled around. The gallows was erected on the 
north bank of Fall creek, just above the fells, at the foot of 
the rising grounds you may see from the cars. The hour 
for the execution had come. Thousands surrounded the 
gallows. A Seneca chief, with his warriors, was posted near 
the brow of the hill. Sawyer and Bridge, Sr., ascended the 
scaffold together, were executed in quick succession, and 
died without a struggle. The vast audience were in tears. 
The exclamation of the Senecas was interpreted — " We are 
satisfied." An hour expired. The bodies were taken down 
and laid in their coffins, when there was seen ascending the 
acaffold Bridge, Jr., the last of the convicts. His step was 



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64 HISTORY OF 



feeble^ requiring the aid of the Sheriff. The rope was 
adjusted. He threw his eyes around upon the audience and 
then down upon the coffins^ where lay exposed the bodies of 
his father and uncle. From that moment his wild gaze too 
clearly showed that the scene had been too much for his 
youthful mind. Reason had partially left her throne and 
he stood wildly looking at the crowd, apparently uncon- 
scious of his position. The last minute had come, when 
James Brown Ray, the Governor of the State, announced 
to the immense assemblage that the convict was pardoned. 
Never before did an audience more heartily respond, while 
there was a universal regret that the executive mercy had 
been deferred to the last moment. Thus ended the only 
trials where convictions of murder were ever had, followed 
by the execution of white men, for killing Indians, in the 
United States. 



SKETCH OP ANDERSON. 

Anderson, the county seat of Madison county, is located 
on the south bank of White river, some sixty feet above low 
water mark. It derived its name from an Indian chief of 
the Delawares, and was originally an Indian village of some 
note. It was consumed by fire by order of General Har- 
rison in 1813. Near it were the lodges, or villages, of 
Bucktown, Nanticoke and Greentown. About the year 
1819 or 1820 a few pioneers arrived here and found quite a 
remnant of the above tribe of Indians. They also found an 
almost unbroken wilderness and but little to encourage them 
to remain. Among those who first arrived were William 
Allen, John Berry, Alford Makepeace, Samuel Corry, N. 
Berry and William Curtis. This infant band was joined in 
a few years by the following: Joseph Howard, G. T^ 
Hoover, Dr. Wyman, R. N. Williams, J. M. Zeke, C. D. 
Henderson and Andrew Jackson. About the years 182& 



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MADISON COUNTY. 65 

and ^30 they were joined by W. G. Atherton, W. B. Allen, 
Oren Toddhunter, John Davis, William Beard and Dr. 
Ryan. In 1838 the town was incorporated, and about that 
time the county seat was permanently located here,Nand a 
bright future was then manifest for Anderson. When 
the Bellefontaine Railroad became a fixed fact in 1851, it 
began to improve -rapidly; and now in 1874, Anderson 
ranks among the most rapidly increasing county seats in 
the State. 

With its two finished railroads and others in progresg, 
numerous pikes, water power, productive country, fast mul- 
tiplying machineries, and steady increase of population, we 
may well be proud of our county seat. The population of 
Anderson in 1840 was three hundred and fifty ; in 1850 it 
was three hundred and eighty-two; in 1860 it was one 
thousand one hundred and sixty-nine; in 1870 it was three 
thousand one hundred and twenty-six; in 1874 estimated 
five thousand. Among the first merchants were Connor 
Makepeace, Willis G. Atherton, H. and R. Woster, and 
Calverton Craycraft. The first hotel was kept by John 
Berry. Among the first physicians were Henry Wyman, 
Andrew Robb and J. W. Westerfield, The first black- 
smith was Mr. Bane. The first lawyers were C. D. Hen- 
derson, R. N. Williams, Seth Smith, John Davis, N. R. 
Lindsday, William R. O'Neal and Richard Lake. Ander- 
son contains five churches, three hotels, two depots,' two 
brick seminaries, and Masonic and Odd Fellow lodges. 
The following are among the principal business firms and 
mechanics : Dry goods merchants, Lee M. Trees, A. A. 
Siddall, S. M. Hodson & Co., W. H. Learned, Wm. 
Bell, Scott & Williams, D. C. East. Grocers, D. H. Pat- 
terson, R. M. Burns, (grocer and baker, Martha Shinn), 
Kline & Sharp, E. H. Seward, J. W. Ware, E. B. Hart- 
ley, P. & M. Skehan, N. Berry, O. W. Huston, D. W. 
Campbell, (grocer and baker, Charman & Lee), Neph 
Coffin. Druggists, Brandon & Lee, G. W. Brown, 
Henderson & Searl, Elden Pearce. Hardware merchants, 
Makepeace & Nichol, John P. Barns. Agricultural 
5 



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66 HISTOKY OF 



dealers and agents, B. F. Alford, Wagoner & Fisher, 

E. B. Falkner. Banks, Crim & Co., Citizens' Bank, 
Madison County Bank, (the particulars given in another 
place). Jewelers, John Await, James L. Bell. Photo- 
graphers, James McCuen, W. H. Wallace. Boot and 
shoe dealers, T. Ryan, L. M. Cox, Charles Lipfert, A. C. 
Franklin, A. J. Griffith. Harness makers, Clark & Hod- 
son, John Keoinninger. Book dealer, C. C. Thompson, 
Publishers of Anderson Herald, Stephen Metcalf, of Ander- 
son Democrat, Todysman & Pyle. Livery keepers, Harry 
Blessford, Ross & Penniston, A. E. Russell. Merchant 
tailor, S. Modzel. Milliners, Wolf & Forbes, Mrs. Wright. 
Pump makers. Platter & Foreman. Flour merchants, G. D. 
Schalk, J. M. Dickson & Sons. Grain merchants, Alford 
Walker, B. F. Jackson. Wagon and carriage makers, 
H, H. Conrad, Quinn & Son, George Mathis. Clothiers, 
Samuel Gates, Joseph Stein, Lewis Lobe. Stove and tin- 
ware dealers, W. P. Newman & Co., J. P. Barns. Butch- 
ers, Beneville Rhoades, Huston Begein, George Begein, 
John Seward. Blacksmiths, B, F. Whitlock, W. H. Ben- 
nett, J. H. Hill, James Battrell. Proprietor of sawmill, 
George R. Deering. Proprietors of planing mills. Bos- 
worth & Bro., Armstrong & Bro. Gunsraiith, W. H. 
White. Hub and spoke manufacturers, Chittenden & 
Sisco. Furniture dealers, Conrad '& Woodward, H. Raber. 
Tanneries, D. W. Swank, M. M. Resell. Stone cutters, 
Mitchell & Bro. Shoemakers, R. Constantine, Mat. Tobin, 
R. V. Atherton. Telegrapher, D. A. Rank. Hatter, J. H. 
Crider. Express agent, B. C. Harter. Wholesale whisky 
dealer, M. Eckhouse. Foundry, Hill & Shelley. Foundry 
and machine works, Michener & Co. Dentists, Macomber 
& Garner, R. C. Reed, Mrs. Alice Bushong. Proprietor of 
United States Hotel, George Griffith. Agent of Singer 
Machine Company, H. L. Jordan. Revenue Collector, J. 

F. Wildman. - Music teacher, Mrs. R. M. Harriman. 
Lumber dealer, M. Atherton. Barbers, David Carpenter, 
George W. Johnson. Below will be found the names of the 
physicians, past and present ; also the names of the attor- 
neys ; also a statement of the city officials. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 6l 



CITY OF ANDERSON. 

Anderson was organized as a city in the year 1865, by 
electing Robert N. Williams Mayor, and the following mem- 
bers of the Common Council : 

First Ward—John D. Mershon and Stephen Noland. 
Second Ward— Eli B. Goody Koontz and George Nichol. 
Third Ward— Winburn R. Pierce and Benjamin Sebrell. 
Clerk —Calvin D. Thompson. 
Treasurer— Joseph Fulton. 
Marshal — M. N. Harriman. 
City Prosecutor — E. V. Long, 

1866. 

Mayor — John C. Jones. 

Councilman— John D. Mershon. 

Councilman — P. Kirlin. 

Councilman — E. B. Goody Koontz. 

Councilman— G. W. Kline, resigned. 

Councilman — H. D. Thompson. 

Councilman — Jacob Saunders. 

Clerk— B. B. Campbell. 

Treasurer — Joseph Fulton. 

Marshall — ^M. N. Harriman. 

Councilman vice Kline resigned — A. A. Siddall. 

1868. Mayor— Wesley Danham. 

1870. Mayor— Simeon Martindale. 

1872. Mayor— William Roach. 

1874. Mayor— William L. Brown. 

COUNCILMEN AND OFFICERS FOR 1874. 

Councilman — C T. Doxey, 
Councilman — Jonathan Bins. 
Councilman — Townsand Ryan. 
Councilman— W. M. Waggoner. 
Councilman— Michael Ryan. 
Councilman — Benjamin F. Aekerman. 
Clerk— James M. Jackson. 
Treasurer— Armstrong Taylor. 
Marshal— C. Daugherty. 
Prosecuting Attorney— A. S. McAllister < 



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68 HISTORY OF 



CITY COUNCIL PROCEEDINGS. 

KEPOKTS OP OFFICERS — CLAIMS FILED— RETRENCHMENT OF THE ORDER OF 
THE DAY — COUNCILMEN DOXEY, HUNT AND BURR OFFR THEIR SER- 
VICES TO THE CITY FREE — WAGONER SAYS " NAY " — REPORTER GOES 
TO SLEEP AND CAUSES ADJOURNMENT OF COUNCIL. 

December, 1873. 

Our city fathers congregated at the Council Chamber, at the usual 
hour, on Monday evening, for the transaction of regular business. All 
the officers and members were present. 

The Treasurer submitted his report for December. His report for 
November was concurred in. 

The Treasurer was directed by the Council to prove the claim of 
the city against the First National Bank. 

He was also instructed to pay off the indebtedness of the city held 
by the First National Bank of Muncie. The amount is about $500. 

NEW CLAIMS FILED AND REFERRED. 

John M. Burke, street work $20 50 

Hugh Kanahan, street work 4 50 

B. Thomas & Co., stone flags 7 50 

John Mulveyhill, street work «. 4 50 

As all the above claims were certified to by Patrick Ryan, First 
Ward Supervisor, Dr. Burr expressed the opinion that the time 
had come for the Council to inquire into the power of the Super- 
visor to employ men to work upon the street. He understood that 
they only had authority to work out the two days* privilege, and 
beyond that they could not go without transcending the limitations 
imposed upon their offices. Bills are continually being presented to 
the Council which he believed were not right. Every claim should 
be carefully scrutinized before it is allowed. 

Dr. Hunt concurred in this view of the case. 

Mr. Wagoner said that as these bills were for work performed 
some time ago, they should have been presented earlier. It was 
always more difficult to get reliable information in regard to the 
justness of an account after it had run three or four months. 

The following additional claims were presented and referred: 

R. J. Hunt, boarding city prisoners $22 00 

A. D. Williams, City Engineer, twelve days at $3 50 42 00 

A. D. Williams, Deputy Marshal 55 00 

A Taylor, Treasurer, fees for three months ending December 

31, 1873 33 13 

C. A. Henderson, fees, City Clerk 25 60 

Benj. Harter, coal stove? Mayor's office 12 00 



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MADISON COUNTY. 69 



John Mulveyhill, three loads boulders 

O. P. Stone, sixty-six loads of gravel, at ten cents 6 60 

Jere Sullivan, street work 6 00 

H. Coon, Deputy Marshal 18 00 

0. Bryan, street work 3 00 

\Vm. Black, Jr., hauling 6 00 

\Vm, Black, Sr., street work 18 00 

P. Kelly, resetting curbing 6 82 

Pat. Burke, culverts and ditching 7 60 

Martin Gibbons, one-half day's street work in November, 1872.. 1 60 

As the last bill was read, Mr. Doxey sprang to his feet and sug- 
gested that if anybody else owed anybody anything, it would be 
proper for that anybody to bring in a claim against the city for the 
amount of the debt. He insisted, with a good deal of earnestness, 
that too many accounts were being brought in, and mildly hinted 
that there was a disposition on the part of certain individuals to 
organize a corner on city orders. He was in favor of the immediate 
suspension of all street work, the sale of the hook and ladder appa- 
ratus, and that Councilmen should give their services for half pay or 
gratuitiously. If we kept on at the present rate the City Treasury 
would soon become bankrupt, and the city would be compelled to 
put her bonds on the market at seventy-five per cent, discount. 

Marshal Stone explained that the work being done under his 
supervision was ordered by the Council, and that it was being done 
as cheaply as it could be. It was all necessary work. 

Dr. Burr said that the Claims Committee were a little relax in 
examining the bills referred to them. He accepted Doxey's propo- 
sition to work without pay. 

Dr. Hunt was willing to work for nothing, but he wished it dis- 
tinctly understood that the plan was not accepted by him as an elec- 
tioneering scheme. 

Mr. Wagoner said that he was decidedly opposed to giving his ser- 
vices free. The city was able to pay its officers a reasonable compen- 
sation for their services. He would not examine the claims that 
came before the Council each evening for less than $2. 

Mayor Roach informed the Council that the fees of officers were 
not impoverishing the Treasury. It was the multitude of little 
claims for work that were coming in. All unnecessary work should 
cease. He had recommended economy from his first introduction 
into office, but his advice had not been heeded. Men were at work 
now upon the streets, when, from the condition of the weather, they 
could not put in full time. 

Mr. Stone seemed to think these remarks were aimed at him. The 
Mayor replied that they were not, unless the shoe fit him. 

Stone said that he would pay for the work done under his super- 
vision if not satisfactory to the Council, all of which the Mayor 
isemarked was simply " bunkem," whatever that is. 



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70 HISTORY OF 



Further discuBsion was had, during which the reporter was charmed 
to sleep by the eloquence of the speakers, whereupon Major Doxey 
moved that the Council adjourn, which was carried. 

P. S. — Marshal Stone did not resign. 



SKETCH OP ALEXANDRIA. 

This town is situated a little to the east of the center of 
Monroe township and eleven miles north of Anderson. 
Whether it derived its name from the man who, it is said, 
wept because there were no more kingdoms to conquer, or 
from the ancient city of that name, we are not advised ; be 
this as it may, we have a modern Alexandria. Though it 
may not compare with the ancient Alexandria, it is, never- 
theless, a handsome and thriving little town. The site was 
well chosen, on an elevated piece of ground, on the north 
side of Pipe creek, and on the land originally belonging to 
Connor and Stephenson. It was laid out in the year 1835. 
Among its first citizens we find the names of David Pick- 
ard, N. Berry, Mr. Stephenson and Joseph Finnemore. The 
first physicians were W. F. Spence and David Perry. The 
\first hotel was kept by David Piekard. The first tanyard 
was started by Aaron Williams. From the Indiana Manual 
of 1846 we gain the following information : The merchants 
were Cottingham & Son; the physicians were W. F. 
Spence, David Perry and Cyrus Westerfield ; the attorney 
at law, P. H. Lemon ; the postmaster, N. E. Tomlinson. 
Among the principal business firms of the present are: 
Merchants, N. E. Tomlinson and S. B. Hinshaw. Drug- 
gists, E. H. Menefee and D. K. Carver & Co. Shoe- 
makers, Nathan O'Brian and John Silcott. Hardware 
merchant, W. G. Kelly. Grocer, Gideon Keiper. Grocer 
and baker, R. Zimmerman. Harness maker, A. Birtche. 
Blacksmiths, Finch & O'Kain, Finch & Fritz, and J. L. 
Humes. Wagon maker, Thomas Shepherd. Furniture 
dealer, J. P. Condo. Carpenters, Perry & Painter. Phy- 



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MADISON COUNTY. 71 

sicians, J. E. Ihlow, Brakston Baker, Wayne McMahan, 
John Sullivan and C. H. CuUum. Attorneys at law, 
Charles Nation and Floyd S. Ellison. Millers, John E. 
Young & Co. Proprietors of the planing mill. Perry & 
Painter. Tanner, Frank Sparks. Alexandria contains an 
excellent brick M. E. Church, Masonic and Odd Fellows 
lodges, a splendid grist mill, some of the finest business 
houses in the county, and several handsome residences. It 
is the third town in importance in the county and contains 
a population of six hundred. It is on the line of the 
Lafayette & Muncie railroad, and when this road is com- 
pleted Alexandria will become a town of no small impor- 
tance. The proposed railroad from White Pigeon, Mich., 
to Anderson will doubtless pass through this town. Alex- 
andria has an extensive trade, amounting in the aggregate 
to $300,000 ; and, on the completion of the above roads, its 
trade will be thribbled. 



ALFONT. 



The town of Alfont was named afler William Alfont, an 
old settler in this county. Although the town is older than 
the railroad on which it is situated, its history may properly 
be dated at that period, which was in 1851, the railway 
serving as a stimulus to this town, which was heretofore 
of but little importance. This town is situated on the 
south bank of Lick creek, near the Hancock county line, 
5ix miles south of Pendleton. For the first few years, after 
the introduction of the railroad, considerable business was 
done here, a warehouse established, a large amount of wheat 
was bought and shipped, the trains nearly all stopped, and 
for a time bid fair for a town of some importance. Fort- 
-ville, however, springing up, took the lead in trade and 
injured the future prospects of this town materially. We 
find among the first settlers here William Alfont, C. P, 



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72 HISTORY OF 



Miller, William Snodgrass and Nathaniel Blackburn. The 
first merchant was William Molden, who was also the first 
postmaster. The first blacksmiths were John Eoss and 
William Coterell. The first shoemaker was Mr. Lyman. 
The present postmaster is Joseph Cohen, who keeps the 
only store in town. He also acts as railroad agent. The 
first railroad agent was William Molden. The present 
blacksmith is C. V. Hardin ; present wagon maker, Thomas 
Hall. A small water saw mill was erected here in 1835 by 
William Alfont. It was consumed by fire in 1847. After 
the railroad was constructed a steam saw mill was built, 
served its day of usefulness, and is now reckoned among the 
things of the past. Lick creek is here spanned by one of 
the finest railroad bridgeri in the county. It is two hun- 
dred teet in length and thirty feet in hight from low 
water mark. From this place the creek flows west and 
empties into Fall creek near the Hamilton county line. 



ANDERSON CROSSING. 

This point, from its remoteness from Anderson, is 
deemed of sufficient importance to form a separate and 
special notice. Its existence might properly date from the 
introduction of the Cincinnati & Chicago Railway, when 
houses sprang up and real estate in the vicinity commanded 
high prices. In the year 1864 the highest point was 
reached, when the Bellefontaine Railroad Company built 
both a passenger and a freight depot. All trains on both 
roads stopped here, and the place assumed quite a business 
appearance. Grain depots were built, a hotel and eating 
houses, and, it was said, if a person watched their chance, 
they could get something to drink. But everything must 
have its day, and the crossing is a thing of the past, as far 
as business is concerned. The hotel was burned in 1866, 
and the Noland warehouse met a like fate soon after. The 



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MADISON COUNTY. 73 



Bellefontaine Railway Company transferred its business to 
the new buildings, three-fourths of a mile west and imme- 
diately south of the city. The steam saw mill, erected in 
1864 and lately converted into a heading factory, and owned 
by J. S. Isley & Co., was consumed by fire in July, 1874. 
Thus stripped of all its advantages, the crossing is left to 
reflect on its past prosperity. Possibly there may b6 a 
bright future for the Crossing, on the completion of the 
Anderson & St. Louis Railway. 



SKETCH OF CHESTERFIELD. 

This town is among the oldest in the county, dating back 
to about the year 1827. Those who first located in the 
immediate vicinity were Allen Makepeace, William Diltz 
and Bronnenberg and Daniel Noland. Chesterfield at one 
time was prosperous and bid fair to rival Anderson. It 
had an extensive trade and was a place of considerable 
importance. It has, however, lost its prestige, and many of 
its houses are untenantable. It now has a new church and 
a new brick dwelling, just completed by Quincy Make- 
peace, which is one of the finest residences in the township. 
It also contains the residence of the late Allen Makepeace, 
whose widow still resides here. Its principal merchants 
have been Allen and George Makepeace, Jacob Shimer, J. 
M. Diltz, Carter & Bro., and Trueblood & Dusang. Its 
principal physicians have been Drs. Goodwin, Benninggall, 
William Cornelius, L. Killgore and William H. Pratt. The 
first postmaster was Amasa Makepeace. The present one 
is W. T. Trueblood. Chesterfield also contains a Masonic 
lodge and a school house. On the south side of the town is 
the Bellefontaine Railroad, where we find a neat depot, 
warehouse and steam flouring mill. The site of Chester- 
field is beautiful. It is on the south bank of White river, in 
Union township, near the Delaware county line. Its inhab- 
itants number near two hundred. 



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74 mSTOBY OF 



SKETCH OF EL WOOD. 

This town is on the Cincinnati & Chicago Railroad, fif- 
teen miles northwest of Anderson, in the northwest corner 
of Pipe Creek township and on the south bank of Duck 
creek. The town was formerly called Quincy, but changed 
about 1870 on account of another town of the same name in 
the State, which caused some confusion among postmasters. 
It is a comparatively a new place, but a town, however, oi 
considerable business. A large amount of lumber and 
heading and stave material is shipped from this place. It 
contains an M. E. and a Christian church, a brick school 
house, a railroad depot, a good hotel, a livery stable, a tan- 
yard, a flouring mill, and several neat and tasteful private 
residences. Among the business firms are Burriss & Quicks 
J. M. Deberty & Son, H. C. Calahan, R. Free, and A. 
Chanless & Dwigins. The druggists are F. M. Hunter, J. 
F. Mock & Hunter and Waymire. The harness makers, 
T. Samuels & Bro. Shoemakers, James Pearson, William 
Hopenrath and John Buchanan. Wagon makers, J. M. 
Overshiner & Co. Blacksmiths, George Barns & Son, and 
James Hannah. Lumber dealer. Justice Creamer. Saw- 
yers, Cochran & Sons. Miller, J. T. Adair. Postmaster, 
F. M. Hunter. Railroad agent. Perry A. Taylor. Elwood 
contains a population of four hundred. 



SKETCH OF FRANKTON. 

This town is situated on the Cincinnati & Chicago Rail- 
road, nine miles from Anderson, in Pipe Creek township, 
and on the south bank of Pipe creek. It was laid out in 1837 
and contains a population of near five hundred. It is rather 
a neat town and the streets and sidewalks are well grav- 
eled. It contains two good churches, Methodist and Chris- 



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MADISON COUNTY. 75 



tian, and a two story brick school house, also Masonic and 
and Odd Fellow halls, a steam grist mill and saw mill, and 
many tasteful residences. The principal business firms are 
C. Quick & Co., H. C. Brown, Bennett & Bro. and John 
Hannah. The druggists are Rich wine & Kimberling and 
Van Winkle & Layne. The hardware merchant, Mr. 
Coffman. Harness maker, S. B. Edson. Shoemakers, 
Cramer & Mayes and J. H. Van Valkenburgh. Black- 
smiths, B. F. Davis and Cluckner & Spenser. Wagon 
maker, G. B. Hartley. Carriage maker, B. F. Davis. 
Physicians, Wm. Suman, Robert Harvey, WrM. Sharp, S. 
W. Edwins and John Canada. Postmaster, C. A. Star. 
Railroad agent, Mr. Johnson. Miller, John Townson. 
Sawyer, W. H. Cochran. Frankton is the fourth town in 
importance in the county. Its citizens are wide awake 
clever people. The business house of C. Quick & Co. is 
worthy of special notice. It is ninety feet in length and has 
but few superiors in the county. The names of this enter- 
prising firm are C. Quick, W. H. Quick and John Sharp. 



SKETCH OF FISHEESBURG- 

This town is situated in the western part of Stoney Creek 
township, near the Hamilton county line. It was laid out 
about the year 1830, and was named in honor of the elder 
Fisher, father of Charles Fisher. It is ten miles west of 
Anderson and seven miles northwest of Pendleton. The 
town is pleasantly situated on a hill on the northwest bank 
of Stoney creek. It contains a commodious M. E. church 
and a briv.k school house just erected. Its merchants and 
mechanics are as follows : George Dunham, dry goods and 
general assortment store ; Lewis Elston, groceries ; Daniel 
Barnhiser and Oren Elston, blacksmiths ; Clinton Welch, 
wagon maker. The following are the physicians : Daniel 
Cook, Hiram Fisher, J. W. Hillegoss and J. M. Fisher. 



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76 HISTORY OF 



The postmaster is George Dunham. This town contains a 
large business house with two rooms below and a hall above 
now used as a Grange lodge. This building was erected by 
Daniel Cook in 1868. The town also contains the parsonage 
of the Fishersburg circuit. The Fishersburg folks are noted 
for their church going antecedents, and if they are not 
moral it is not for the want of admonition. 



FLORIDA STATION. 

This station is in Lafayette township, on the Cincinnati & 
Chicago Railroad, six miles from Anderson and four from 
Frankton, and is within a few rods of the geographical cen- 
ter of the county. It was originally called Clark's Station 
in honor of T. G. Clark, who lives here. The first merchant 
here was Henry Hendrick, and the present merchant is 
Enos Mustard. The first postmaster was George Craig- 
head ; the present one Enos Mustard. The first physician 
was Thomas B. Fortner ; the present one is J. S. Guysinger. 
There is a steam saw mill here owned by Van winkle & Co. 
Florida also contains a neat M. E. Church, of which an 
account will be given in another part of the book. Nearly 
all the trains stop here, and they have a daily mail, which 
is of no little importance. The first warehouse was kept by 
James Vanwinkle. The blacksmiths have been Isham 
Webb, B. F. Davis and Mr. Coffman. Florida Station, 
notwithstanding its central position in the county and its 
railroad facilities, is not a town of much importance; neither 
does its future look encouraging on account of its nearness 
to Anderson, which must always affect materially its trade. 
Just north is the Center, or Keller School House, which is 
the precinct of the township. 



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MADISON COUNTY. ^^ 



SKETCHES OP HUNTSVILLE. 

This town is situated on .Fall creek, one mile northeast of 
Pendleton and seven miles southwest of Anderson. Among 
those who first settled here were John Montgomery, John 
Jon(s, Enos Adamson, William Hunt, the latter from whom 
the town derived its name, Dr. McCain and William 
Wright. Coming soon after, about the year 1834, were 
Thomas and J. T. Swain, Abel Johnson, Benjamin Snod- 
grass and B. F. Gregory. Its principal merchants have 
been Dr. McCain, Benjamin Snodgrass, Simeon Lewis, 
William Johnson, John Tillson, Benjamin Lukens, Nathan 
Wilson, Warren Campbell and Horace Lewis. The first 
physician was Dr. McCain. The first school teachers were 
William Curtis and Alfred Killgore. The first hotel was 
kept by Mr. Antrim. The first postmaster was David P. 
Hazleton. The postoffice was afterwards kept by J. W. 
Roberts for a period of sixteen years, who was said to be 
one of the best postmasters that was ever in the county. 
Its principal mechanics have been : Carpenters, J. T. 
Swain, B. F. Gregory, P. R. Maul and John Cook. Tan- 
ners, Wm. Wright, Horine & Mullendore, A. K. Rocken- 
field, Frank Wright, George Harden and Miles Rozell. 
Its blacksmiths have been Z. Rogers, J. W. Wirts, Ezra 
Crain, Charles Harden and Mr. McVaw. Its physicians 
have been Dr. McCain, John Hunt and Joseph Weeks, W. 
P. Brickley, E. C Prigg, Dr. Davidson and Walter H. 
Lewis. The shoemakers have been J. W. Roberts, Jacob 
Wirtz, E. G. Mostler and Andrew Welch. Its wagon makers 
have been Philip and John Harden, jWilliam Smith, A. R. 
Dalong, Benjamin Cockayne and Lineberry & Bro. Hunts- 
ville at one time was a flourishing village, but on the com- 
pletion of the Bellefontaine Railroad through Pendleton its 
trade has gradually decreased. It is pleasantly located on 
the north bank of Fall creek and contains about two hun- 
dred inhabitance. There is here an exc^lent saw mill and 
grist mill, spoken of in another place. The mercantile 



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78 HISTORY OF 



business of Huntsville is now conducted in one room under 
the management of Horace Lewis. The school house in 
Huntsville is a two story frame building, built in 1872 by 
J. B. Lewis, who was Trustee at the time. Huntsville is a 
quiet village, not contaminated with the wickedness that 
attaches to more pretentious cities. 



SKETCH OF HAMILTON. 

This town is situated six miles west of Anderson, on the 
Strawtown road and on the south bank of White river, and 
in the southeast corner of Jackson township. It was laid 
out in 1838, by Henry Devlin, of Milton, Ind. The first 
merchant was William King; the first doctor, William 
Godell ; the first blacksmith, John Ashby ; the first shoe- 
maker, Lewis Snell ; the first school teacher, J. M. Garrett- 
son, now of Perkinsville. The present postmaster is G. C. 
Moore. This town is one of the precincts of Jackson 
township, and contains a population of seventy-eight. It 
is located in one of the very best parts of the county. Large 
and beautiful farms extend up and down White river. 
Near it on the east side is the saw mill of P. Epperly, and 
on the south is an extensive tile factory. Adjoining the 
town on the northeast is the finest grove in the county. I 
am indebted to Marion Davis for the above information. 



MAEKLEVILLE. 



This town was first laid out by John Markle, from whom 
it derived its name, in 1852. The town is situated on the 
Pendleton and Newcastle turnpike, seven miles east of Pen- 
dleton and fourteen west of Newcastle, two miles from the 



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MADISON COUNTY. 79 

Henry county line and eleven and a half miles southeast of 
Anderson. Its merchants have been Newton Busby, E. B. 
Garrison, Ralph Williams, David Johnson, J. W. Shimer, 
H. H. Markle, John W. Blake, G. W. Stevenson, H. 
Coon, Sebrell & Blake, and Hardy & Lewis, who are now 
in business here. The last firm spoken of has, perhaps, 
done the largest amount of businei^ of any mentioned, hav- 
ing in 1873 sold goods to the amount of $30,000. They 
have just completed a large store room, twenty-four by 
seventy feet, finished in good style. 

We find the physicians who have practiced here to be 
Daniel Cook, William Hendricks, William Swain, Dr. 
Wear, William Harter, Jacob Harter, John Windell, J. C. 
Smith, B. L. Fussell. The postmasters have been John 
Markle, Samuel Harden, William Swain, David Johnson. 
S. F. Hardy is the present postmaster. The blacksmiths 
are James Fulton, B. Fort, David Judd. Shoemakers, Ed. 
Poor, Oliver Alice, Elijah Wright, Frederick Heater and 
William A. Lynch. Harness maker, Samuel Harden. 
Wagon makers, Robert Markle, John Gipe, Albert 
Cochran. The town contains about one hundred inhabi- 
tants, a neat frame church, brick school house, two physi- 
cians, two blacksmith shops, one shoe shop, one store, one 
circle saw mill, two millinery establishments and post 
office. There is in connection with the above mentioned 
saw mill a shingle factory. 



NEW COLUMBUS, ADAMS TOWNSHIP. 

The above town was laid out in the year 1834. Its loca- 
tion is on the south bank of Fall creek, six miles south of 
Anderson, and near the east line of Adams township. Its 
site is on a hill, some thirty feet above low water mark. 
Among the first settlers, -we find Hiram Birch, William 
Miller, Henry Armstrong, J. M. Zeak, and Dr. Horn. The 



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80 HISTORY OF 



first merchants were Hiram Birch and William Miller, fol- 
lowed a few years later by J. M . McClanaham. The first 
physician was Dr. Horn. The following physicians have 
practiced there, in the order named : Drs. Parry, Smiley, 
Hildreth, Joel Pratt. W. B. Cooper, W. B. Bair, Samuel 
Troy, S. W. Edwins, D. H. Eider, and D. H. Myers. >The 
last two named are now practicing there. Its postmasters 
have been William Miller, James Peden, Joseph Peden, 
Hiram Peden, G. W. Hodson, Noah Trayer, and Levi Pat- 
terson. The present merchant is Mr. Branson. The black- 
smiths are William Kumler and John Woods. The car- 
penters are Levi Patterson and McDonald Purdue. Colum- 
bus contains a Masonic hall, a Lutheran Church, and a 
brick school house. Formerly it was a place of consider- 
able trade, but of late the trade is principally done at Ander- 
son. The society here in early days was nothing to brag 
on, as regards morals. Whisky was sold here in abund- 
ance, and it was the scene of many rough-and-tumble fights. 
Election day was looked forward to as a big time, when 
sundry disputes were to be settled. This day, however, we 
are glad to say, is passed away. Its citizens will compare 
favorably with any other town in the county ; the elections 
pass off quietly ; there is no more fighting in the streets, 
and the cliurch Bell summons, on every Sabbath morning, 
the children to the Sabbath school. 



OSCEOLA. 

This is a small place, situated in the northwest corner of 
Monroe township, and five miles northwest of Alexandria. 
It was laid out in the year 1855. Its site is on a level 
plain. Its prospect for any considerable growth is not very 
flattering. The first merchant was E. M. Trowbridge ; the 
first physician. Dr. Eppard ; first postmater, E. M. Trow- 
bridge ; first blacksmith, David Perry ; first wagon-maker, 



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MADISON COUNTY. 81 

John Raines, and first shoe-maker, Abslom Webb. The 
present merchant is Elijah Ring, who, also keeps the post- 
office. The present physician is Dr. C. Free* There was 
formerly a steam saw mill, but it is not now in opera- 
tion. One mile north, is the Christian Church, spoken of in 
another place. Osceola contains an excellent frame school 
house, with two departments, well arranged, and supplied 
with ample blackboards. It was built under the supervis- 
ion of David M. Scott, who was then trustee, and cost 
$2,000. Adjoining town, on the west, James Gordon is 
building one of the finest bams in the county. What Os- 
ceola derived its name from, the author is unable to say, un- 
less it was from the famous Indian chief of that name. 



SKETCH OF PENDLETON. 

This town is situated in Fall Creek township, on the 
south side of the creek of the same name, and on the Belle- 
fontaine Railroad, seven miles southwest of Anderson. It 
is the second place of importance, and contains about eight 
hundred inhabitants. It derived its name from Thomas 
Pendleton, who was one of the early settlers of the town- 
ship. Among its first merchants were Lewis Bordwell, 
James Gray, William Silver, and Palmer Patrick. The 
first physicians were Lewis Bordwell, John and Corydon 
Richmond, John H. and Ward Cook, and T. N. Jones. 
Among the first postmasters were Lewis Bordwell and James 
L. Bell. Among the first ministers, were Janes Reader, 
Edwin Ray, and Nathaniel Richmond. Although Pendle- 
ton is one of the oldest towns in the county, it never as- 
sumed much importance until the completion of the Belle- 
fontaine Railroad, in 1851. Since which time its business has 
gradually increased, until it now annually amounts to near 
$400,000. Its railroad facilities, its excellent water power, 
and the highly cultivated country which surrounds it, will 
6 



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82 HISTORY OF 



serve to keep it in its relative position in the county. Its 
future prosperity may be regarded as a certainty, because it 
is founded upon a rock. Pendleton contains three churches, 
a brick seminary, a Masonic hall, and an Odd Fellows 
hall. It is the terminus of five pikes. The following are 
among the principal business firms and mechanics: Dry 
goods merchants. Silver & Morris, W. T. Stewart, Todd & 
Taylor; Grange merchants, Benjamin Lukens & Co.; gro- 
cers, J. O. Ireland & Bro., Cole & Bro., G. W. Campbell, 
A. C. and L. C. Taylor ; grocer and baker, Isaac Brown ; 
hardware merchants, Diven & Talbott, F. S. Tyler; drug- 
gists, J. J. Eogers & Son, Ira Irish ; shoe merchants, H. 
Craven & Co., Hefler & Bro. ; jeweler, E. W. CoUis ; bank- 
ers, A. B. Taylor & Sons ; publisher, T. B. Deem; millin- 
ers, Ange Beeson, Mrs. A. J. Scott ; hotel keeper, D. A. 
Clark ; grain dealers, J. O. Hardy, A. B. Taylor & Sons, 
E. O. Chapman ; livery keepers, J. W. Luark, William 
Walker; butchers, Stephen Hair, Samuel Fussell ; tinner, 
Taylor Whitmer , attorneys, Harvey Craven, C. L. Henry ; 
harness makers, Demmy & Son, Hefler & Bro., Albert Ire- 
land; shoemakers, J. D. Johnson, Price Rinewalt, Freder- 
ick Hefler, C. Craven, John Welch; blacksmiths, John 
Ireland, George Bryant, John Eeed ; painter, J. W. Hard- 
man ; cooper, John Reed ; physicians. Ward Cook, Joseph 
Stephenson, T. G. Mitchell, O. W. Brownback, N. David- 
son, J. H. Harter, Ellen Rogers, Ira Irish ; railroad agent, 
J. R. Page; postmaster, W. F. Morris; minister, C. G. 
Hudson; telegrapher, Ed. Myers. On the 24th day of 
December, 1853, an election was held in Pendleton upon 
the question of incorporating the town, which resulted in 
a vote of thirty-seven for and three against the proposition. 
N. Richmond, G. M. Rogers, T. G. Mitchell, inspectors. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 83 



EXPORTS PROM PENDLETON. 

TABLE OF EXPORTS FOR NINE MONTHS, ENDING JUNE 30, 
1874, AND OTHER INFORMATION. 

Among the counties of Eastern Indiana, there have none 
made such astonishing progress in improvement, either 
socially, materially, or in education, than Madison county. 
Situated in a central location, surrounded by other coun- 
ties, unsurpassed in the State for fertility of soil, and facil- 
ity for cultivation, for many years she lay without any nota- 
able effort being made to render her productive, or place her 
in competition with her neighbors. An old county, she is 
.yet a young county so far as determined effort at improve- 
ment is concerned. But however slow she has been in tak- 
ing up the implements of reform and advancement, she has 
not been slothful in making good use of her resources since 
the need of it became apparent. The wonderful prductive- 
ness Hf her soil, the mild and equable temperature of the 
climate, combined with the stirring energy of her citizens, 
have within a short time placed her in advance of most of 
the counties of the State, and unsurpassed by none. With 
a view to showing something of the advancement which has 
been attained, together with the resources of the county, we 
have prepared a statement of the amount of different kinds 
of farm products which were raised and husbanded within 
the county during 1873, as returned by the Assessor, and 
endorsed by the Board of Equalization. 

In 1873 there were produced in Madison county, 500 
bushels of lime, 445,733 bushels of wheat, 1,503,958 bush- 
els of corn, 13,744 bushels of rye, 70,832 bqshels of oats, 
9,125 bushels of barley, 952 bushels of clover and grass 
seeds, 12,310 bushels of flax seed, 24,585 bushels of fruit, 
3,914 tons of hay, 4 tons of hemp. These several articles 
were produced from 39,274 acres of wheat land, 62,753 
acres of corn land, 5,573 acres of oat land, 12,695 acres of 
meadow land, 57,667 acres of wood land, or a total of 169,*- 
631 acres under cultivation. 



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84 HISTORY OF 



Besides these there were produced 488,149 pounds of 
bacon, 118,123 pounds bulk pork, 144,727 pounds of lard, 
27,790 pounds of wool, 11,160 pounds of tobacco, 1,751 
pounds of maple sugar, 23 barrels of pork, 25,964 gallons 
of cider, 9,837 gallons of vinegar, 60 gallons of wine, 3,826 
gallons of sorghum molasses, 938 gallons of maple 
molasses. 

The number of live stock in the county has increased very 
materially within the last few years, and the standard of- 
(quality has been mised in like proportion. Much attention 
has been given of late years to the importation and breeding 
of the best stocks of cattle, horses, sheep and swine, and 
many of our farmers boast as fine herds and flocks as roam 
the fields of England or the Eastern States. The assess- 
ment rolls give the following figures for live stock : Num- 
ber of horses, 7,586, mules 855, cattle 18,073, sheep 
1 6,000, hogs 68,455. Among the cattle thorough-breds of 
Durham and other short horns are becoming popular, of 
sheap Cottswold, South-down and Liecester, of swine Ches- 
ter White, Berkshire and Poland China decidedly jAdom- 
inate. Many of our farmers have stocked their farms 
direct from Pennsylvania, imported animals. 

Much attention has been devoted of late years to the sub- 
ject of draining, and the enactment of the ditch law by the 
Legislature a few years ago, (to whom the county is largely 
indebted to our distinguished fellow citizen. Judge Harvey 
Craven,) many valuable acres have been added to the fertile 
tillable land of Madison. The fact is, though a number of 
tile factories exist in various parts of the county, all of 
whom are doing a heavy business, the supply this spring 
was wholly inadequate to the demand. Besides the ordin- 
ary drains extending through farms, there are in many 
localities large open ditches controlled by corporate bodies, 
created under legislative provisions. We regret that we 
have no date at hand showing the amount of lumber annu- 
ally produced, used and exported from the county, but from 
the amount of clearing of lands, and the excellent quality of 
the timber, it must be immense. From the shipping point 



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MADISON COUNTY. 85 



of Pendleton, alone, the number of cars loaded entirely 
with lumber, during the nine months closing on June 30th, 
1874, were one hundred and eighteen. At the same ratio 
the yearly exportation would exceed 150 cars, and this, out- 
side of the home consumption, which for the past year must 
also have been quite a considerable item. 

Among some of the articles in use in the county which 
would seem to indicate a highly cultivated state of society, 
might be mentioned, 160 pianos, 90 melodeons, and 125 
organs, while 1,944 sewing or knitting machines distinguish 
us from barbarians. 

In summing up the miscellaneous statistics, then, we 
should say the populatian in 1870 was 22,770, the number 
of polls 3,748, the value of lands $6,868,346, average value 
per acre $24.22, being an increase of six per cent* within 
ten years. The value of improvements in the county in ten 
years has been $1,750,153, and the total value of taxables 
in her borders aggregates $11,830,103. The number of 
miles of railroad track in the county is 58, with a valuation 
of railroad property aggregating $643,625. 

In point of intelligence and education, Madison county 
ranks equal to any in the State. Her school system is 
excellent, and the corps of officers and teachers are admir- 
able. The school property of the county forms a very con- 
siderable exhibition of the prosperity of the county. 
According to the statement of the County Superintendent 
the number of children over the age of six years, who can 
not read, does not exceed one thousand. 

In religious training and moral character our citizens are 
far above the average, and the numerous church organiza- 
tions scattered over the county speak volumes in corrobora- 
tion of the statement. The Sunday school work is under 
the control of the best men in the county, and has already 
been productive of much good. 

These straggling and disconnected statistics will serve to 
show, in a few particulars, that in the great march of mat- 
ter and of mind Madison county has nobly done her part, and 
displayed an earnestness of purpose and an energy of action 
which rivals any of her contemporaries. 



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86 HISTOKY OF 



Vive la Madison county. 

Leaving the county, and confining our remarks to the 
southern part of the same, we have still more flattering evi- 
dences of a high condition of civilization and material 
prosperity. 

South Madison county is the garden spot of Indiana. In 
no other region does the soil furnisli sustenance to more 
bountiful vegetation, in no other place is the average yield 
of cereal crops greater, in no other place does the stock bear 
more marked evidences of care and attention, or such a 
thorough breeding, in no other place do the farms show a 
higher state of cultivation, or thrift and prosperity become 
more fully personified. And last, but not least, there is 
scarcely another town in the State which — in proportion to 
its size — possesses a larger import and export business than 
is done in Pendleton, the metropolis of South Madison 
county. 

Located in the valley of Fall creek — a valley unsurpassed 
in richness — surrounded by a fertile country that knows no 
bounds to productiveness ; the habitation of a wealthy, gen- 
erous, prosperous and high-toned population — mostly from 
the Eastern and Middle States — Pendleton occupies a proud 
and enviable position among the corporations of Indiana, 
and is entitled to the consideration of capital and labor 
seeking a location. 

The limits of the trade of Pendleton extend over consid- 
erable portions of Madison, Hancock, Henry, Rush and 
Hamilton counties, and Indainapolis, even, has been com- 
pelled to recognize its merits as a trading post — as evidenced 
by the numerous agencies from the Capital City now estab- 
lished here. Our stores compete with those of Indianapolis 
in prices, and our mechanics enjoy an uninterrupted mon- 
opoly, broken only by competition among themselves. 
Pendleton^s manufactories — planing, saw and flouring mills, 
flax, barrel and furniture factories, hay, stock, grain and 
produce markets, shipping and commission houses, her 
schools and churches, her magnificent residences and com- 
modious business blocks; and above all, and beyond all, the 



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MADISON COUNTY. 87 



stirrings energetic, indomitable spirit of her citizens renders 
• Pendleton a desirable place to locate, either for business or 
a residsnc^. 

Through the kindly favor of Mr. J. R. Page, agent ot 
the Bee Line Railroad Company, we are enabled to present 
some statistics in support of the claims above set forth. 
These figures, in part, show the amount of the export trade 
of Pendleton during the nine months immediately preceding 
June 30th, 1874. It will be observed, however, that this 
list only includes the full cars of the articles mentioned, and 
has no reference to the mixed freight wherein more than 
one class of articles were shipped in a car. The report 
shows a considerable increase over the corresponding 
months of 1872-3, and is a most flattering exhibit of our 
manufacturing and industrial enterprise: Lumber, sixty-six 
car loads; saw logs, twenty- four car loads; heading and 
stave bolts, twenty-eight car loads ; stone bowlders, thirty- 
six car loads ; building stone, seven car loads ; draining tile, 
five car loads; flax tow, twelve car loads; hay, twenty-two 
car loads; grain, one hundred and five car loads; flour, 
nineteen car loads ; cattle, twenty-seven car loads ; sheep, 
two car loads; hogs, one hundred and thirty-three car 
loads ; wool, three car loads ; making a total of four hun- 
dred and eighty-nine car loads within nine months. Mak- 
ing an estimate from this for the remaining three months 
we would have a yearly export trade by this one line, of 
more than six hundred full car loads. No town in the 
State, of twice its size, can make a better exhibit. 



SKETCH OP PERKINSVILLE, 

This town derived its name from William Perkins, who 
came to the county in 1825. The site of the town is good, 
being on the north bank of White river, near the Hamil- 
ton county line. The population in 1850 was one hundred 



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88 HISTORY OF 



and fifteen, and in 1860, three hundred and ' fifteen, 
and in 1870, throe hundred and eighty-five. It 
is one of the oldest settled places in the county. It now 
contains an excellent school house, churches, mills, stores 
and manufactories. The following are among its merchants 
and mechanics: T. L. Beckwith, Warren Cole, A. J. 
Applegate and Luther Lee, merchants; Fisher Bonner, 

Daniel Lee and Webb, blacksmiths ; Daniel Eewark, 

wagon-maker; Moses Jenner, harnessmaker ; Gideon 
Richwine, J. W. Etsler, A. F. Armstrong, and Samuel 
Sinkle, shoemakers; Samuel Garrison, gunsmith, and 
Christopher Hemm, cabinet makers. Its physicians are C. 
N. Branch, J. M. Garretson, J. 8. Houghman, and Charles 
Diven. Among its first merchants were T. L. Beckwith, 
and Hedrick & Bristol. The first physicians were Dr. 
Douglass, T. L. Carr, Dr. Clark, and Thos. Cook. Its first 
and only postmaster is T. L. Beckwith. There are also 
Masonic and Odd Fellows lodges at this place, a separate 
account of which will be given in another part of this 
work ; also, of its churches and mills. There is at this 
writing, 1874, a bridge being erected over White river, on 
the county line, just at the western part of the village, the 
expense of which is to be borne equally by the two coun- 
ties. The work is being superintended by T. L. Beck- 
with. 



SUMMITVILLE. 

This town is located in Van Buren township. It was 
laid out in the year 1868. The first merchant was Henry 
Roby, who continued in business four months. He was suc- 
ceeded by Aquilla Moore, who is at present one of the mer- 
chants. A. M. Williams commencid business in 1872. 
Both keep general assortment stores. The first postmaster 
was John Kelsey, the present one is Aquilla Moore. J. D. 
Marsh established a drug store in March, 1874. It has a 



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MADISON COUNTY. ' 89 

flouring mill, built by Williams, Moore & Dove. Its cost 
was $4,000. It is now owned by Bratton & Finnemore. 
The first blacksmith was Jasper Webb. The present 
smiths are Webb and Hacker. The first shoemaker was R. 
Snelling. The first doctor was C. V. Garrett, who was fol- 
lowed by John Wright, W. V. McMahon, and M. L. 
Cranfield. The present harnessmaker is Aaron Williams. 
There is a tan yard owned by A. M. Williams, and a wagon 
shop by Charles Ray. Summitsville, though a new place, 
is quite a lively town. There is no town near to injure its 
local trade. The prospective railroad from Marion to An- 
derson, will doubtless make this a station, when it will 
make a town of some importance. It already contains 
some tasteful private residences. The population at present 
is about two hundred. It has an excellent school room, and 
at this writing a school is being taught by W, M. Croan. 
Summitville is a pleasant place, and we wish for it a bright 
future. 



SLY FOEK STATION. 

ft 

This place was formerly a station on the Cincinnati and 
Chicago Railroad, and is in Union J;ownship. It sprang up 
on the completion of the above road and flourished ibr a 
short time. The cars, however, do not stop there at the 
present time. It coutained at one time a store, kept by 
Beninggall & Tucker ; a ware house, kept by James Ross, 
which was consumed by fire April, 1871, and a postoflic^ 
kept by G. W. Tucker, which has been discontinued. The 
store room referred to above was consumed by fire, contain- 
ing goods belonging to Burr & Windell. At this writing 
there is nothing here to indicate a town, except a few empty 
houses, and it may be numbered among the things of the 
past. A sad accident happened here in the year 1863, in 
which a young man by the name of Judd lost his life in 
attempting to get on the cars. Tlie station is about mid- 



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90 HISTORY OF 



way between Anderson and Middletown, and three miles 
south of Chesterfield. It is located in a very good part of 
the county, but as a town and station it has proved a fail- 
ure. A short distance northeast Sly Fork and Mill creek 
take their rise. The former flows south into Fall creek, 
the latter north into White river near Chesterfield. 



LETTERS FROM PROMINENT MEN THROUGH- 
OUT THE COUNTY. 

We will now introduce the number of letters received 
from different parts. Those letters have been written by 
request, thinking they would lend an additional interest to 
the work. They are given here as they were presented, and 
each speak for themselves. And we think we will not be 
presuming too much, when we say they will be read with' 
interest. In each case the writer's jiame will be given. In 
making this request, the Author was particular, in writing 
to none except those who had considerable experience in the 
early history of which we writ§. They will be recognized 
at once as intelligent and worthy men. The reader will be 
assured that he is not jeading fiction, but facts, as ihey 
, occurred. A place is gladly given in this work for these 
letters. The writers of these incidents will soon pass away. 
It is fitting they leave a line behind, telling of the hardships 
<>f by-gone days. Some of these may not live to see these 
letters in print, as our pioneers are fast passing away. 
Even since the Author commenced the preparation of this 
Book, the following have died, viz : Isaac Busby, J. T. 
Swain, B. F. Walker, R. N. Clark, Judge Marshon, Thomas 
Silver, David E. Studley, and Moses Maynard, all of which 
will have an appropriate notice elsewhere. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 91 



LETTER FROM J. R. HOLSTO]Si . 

Having been solicited to contribute whatever of interest 
from this part of the county, to to the forthcoming history, 
I now proceed to comply with the request, I deem the 
subject of great importance, not only to the present, but 
to all future generations of the county. In this communi- 
cation I desire to approximate and combine brevity and 
accuracy, so far as facts of history are concerned. As to an 
accurate and reliable history of our county there is not the 
least doubt ; but of course we can not expect every particu- 
lar in detail. 

We fondly hope to be able in some, though faint, degree 
to refer to some of the facts and incidents connected with 
our county, and point out with pride some of its past and 
present developments. 

Madison county is bounded on the north by Grant, on 
the east by Delaware and Henry, on the west by Hamilton 
and Tipton, and on the south by Hancock. The county 
was surveyed in townships in 1821, and in 1822 it was 
divided in sections. It is twenty-nine and three fourths 
miles in length and fifteen -miles in breadth, containing an 
area of four hundred and forty-six and a fourth square 
miles. It originally had but twelve townships, but at pres- 
ent contains fourteen, with a population of twenty-five 
thousand, nearly five thousand three hundred of whom are 
voters. 

Early in tlie spring of 1820 a company of some six or 
eight left Springfield, Ohio, and came out and pitched their 
tents on Fall creek, some three miles southwest of where 
Pendleton now stands, forming a kind of pioneer colony. 
The names of those " braves" were Elias Hollingsworth 
and William Curtis, his brother-in-law. The rest of the 
company I have forgotten. They were joined by Mr. Lin- 
sey and Mr. Richmond, of Indianapolis. 

Tliey cultivated a little corn, and in May Mr. Hollings- 
worth went back and brought out his wife. She was the 



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92 HISTORY OF 



first white woman ever in Madison county, and E. P. Hol- 
lingsworth, now of Iowa, was the first white child born in 
the county. Suffice it to say that this country was a vast 
dreary wilderness where naught was seen or heard save the 
hideous yells of the Indians, the scream of the panther, the 
insidious wolf, the wild deer, etc. Such were some of the 
incidents connected with the early history of the county. 
For a series of years subject to the innovations of the 
Indians, incident to a new country, they had trials and 
hardships of which we know nothing. 

I hope the reader will indulge me while I relate an inci- 
dent showing the genuineness of friendship and kindneas 
which characterized the early pioneers. Mrs. HoUings- 
worth was taken quite sick, and after she became con- 
valescent she thought if she could get some " store" tea she 
would soon get well and be able to attend to her domestic 
affairs. Upon this being made known to Mr. Coonrod 
Crossly, one of their colony, he started upon horseback for 
Newcastle for this much coveted article. When he arrived 
at that place he found that there was none to be had, but 
nothing daunted, he pushed on to Richmond, where he met 
with no better success. The next morning he mounted his 
horse for Eaton, Ohio, where he obtained the desired 
object. So he faced about for his sick woman's log cabin, 
where a cup of the wholesome beverage was administered 
with eminent success. 

Mrs. Hollingsworth lived to raise a large femily, all 
members of the M. E. Church ; she, with her kind hus- 
band, moved to Missouri in 1849, where they both crossed 
over to " that better land.'' Mr. Crossly died a few years 
since not far from where he first settled. 

The first sermon preached in Madison county was by the 
Rev. Elias Hollingsworth, in the winter of 1820 and '21, in 
his own log cabin, to this pioneer colony. In 1821 the 
Rev. M. Taylor, of Brookville, Ind., was sent out by Bishop 
Aflbury as a missionary to collect the almost " lost sheep of 
the House of Israel," and to organize them into some kind 
of society, which he did with success. These pioneer mis - 



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MADISON COUNTY. 93 



sionaries were regarded and received as a kind of " angels' 
visits" or " heavenly messengers ;" such was their eagerness 
for the gospel. 

Pendleton was for some years the place where the civil 
and criminal courts were held, but at some subsequent 
period they were removed to Anderson, and Anderson 
became permanently the county seat. The courts were held 
in an old rickety frame building until about the year 1835, 
when the present Court House was built. We fondly hope 
the day is not far distant when our city will be honored 
with a first-class Court House. 

Madison county for its tertility of soil, good timber and 
water privileges can not be surpassed in any locality in cen- 
tral Indiana ; hence the great surplus of products which is 
annually shipped to northern and eastern cities. We ship 
annually some five hundred thousand bushels of wheat, a 
large amount of corn and twenty-five or thirty thousand 
head of fat hogs. 

Having thus far given a very brief synopsis and ostensi- 
ble summary view of the early settling of this county, I 
now propose giving a brief, though somewhat imperfect 
sketch of our towns and villages, which may be of some im- 
portance to the readers of our County History : 

Anderson is the largest town in the county, situated on a 
high bluff on the south side of White river, and contains at 
present some five thousand inhabitants. It is one of the 
most flourishing and business like cities of its size in the 
State. When I first saw Anderson in 1833 it was but a 
small town. The people were void of any spirit of enter- 
prise or ambition. There was nothing at all flattering — 
nothing but an element of idleness and dissipation; but 
since or about the close of the late rebellion it has sprung up 
as if by magic. It has three first-class edifices, the M. E. 
church, the Presbyterian and the Christian church, one 
Baptist church of fair dimensions and one Catholic church, 
all having fine congregations and good Sabbath schools. 
There are published two weekly newspapers, the Anderson 
Herald and the Anderson Democrat, both of which have a 



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94 HISTORY OF 



* respectable circulation. It has seven dry goods stores, sell- 
ing annually $270,000 worth of goods ; has seventeen gro- 
ceries, one wholesale, Skehan & Co., sell alone some 
$50,000 worth annually; three drug stores selling about 
$76,000 worth; three hardware stores selling $70,000 
worth; two tin and stove shops selling $60,000 worth; five 
boot and shoe stores — am not advised as to the amount they 
sell; two carriage shops turning out very fine work; five 
smith shops, two planing mills, two chair manufactories, 
one foundry, one spoke and hub factory, two grist mills, 
two banks, three harness shops, three graded schools, 
four warehouses, three agricultural warehouses, two mar- 
ble shops, one stone cutting, two tanneries, two daguer- 
reotype galleries, a number of tailors, three dentists, one 
first-class hotel and two second-class, four livery stables, 
two railroad depots, one book store, one grain cradle manu- 
factory, two cabinet shops and furniture stores, two pump 
manufactories, several boot and shoe shops, and a large sup- 
ply of ministers, doctors and lawyers — " enough ana to 
spare/^ We have two first-class railroads, Cleveland, Colum- 
bus, Cincinnati & Indianapolis and the Cincinnati & Chicago, 
both doing a very large business ; also two more prospective 
roads, the Anderson, Lebanon & Bloomington, 111., and 
the White Pigeon & Anderson, all centering at the latter 
place. AVe also have the Lafayette & Muncie Railroad, 
which is about ready for the iron. It runs through the 
north part of the county via Alexandria and Elwood, cross- 
ing the Cincinnati & Chicago at the latter place. The 
aggregate length of all the roads, when completed, will be 
about ninety-two miles within the county. 

Pendleton is eight miles southwest of Anderson, located 
at the falls of Fall creek. It is quite a business town, in a 
very rich part of the county, and is proverbial for its 
morals ; has fine lime stone for building purposes and the 
best water power in the county. 

Elwood is eighteen n^iles northwest of Anderson, on the 
Cincinnati & Chicago Railroad, and is quite a flourishing 
and business little village. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 95 



Akxandria is twelve miles north of Anderson, located on 
Pipe creek, in a fine part of the county. It contains some 
fine business rooms, a brick church, school house and an 
excellent grist mill. 

Perkinsville is eleven miles west of Anderson and located 
at the junction of Pipe creek with White river, and near 
the Hamilton county line. It is a town of some note, in u 
fine agricultural district. 

Chesterfield is six miles east of Anderson and is an old 
town situated near the Indian mounds, and was the home 
of the late Allen Makepeace. 

Markleville is eleven miles southeast of Anderson, located 
on the Pendleton and Newcastle turnpike, and is rather a 
lively little village. It contains a neat church and a brick 
school house. 

New Columbus is six miles south of Anderson, on the 
south bank of Fall creek, and contains rather a good 
Lutheran church ; is an old town on the " down hill grade." 

Alfont IS fourteen miles southwest of Anderson, on the 
bank of Lick creek. 

Huntsville is seven miles south of Anderson and one 
mile northeast of Pendleton. ^ 

Fishersburg is nine miles west of Anderson, located on 
Stony creek. 

Frankton is nine miles northwest of Anderson, located on 
Pike creek, and is quite a business place. It has two good 
churches, Methodist and Christian. A two story brick 
school house and some fine business houses and residences. 

Summitville is nineteen miles north of Anderson, on the 
road to Marion, in Grant county, and is a new town of some 
importance. 

Independence is twenty-five miles northwest of Ander- 
son, located on the line between Boone and Duck Creek 
townships, and also on the line dividing Madison and Grant 
counties. 

With the above summary view the kind reader will neces- 
sarily arrive at the conclusion, that with such facilities our 
county will be one of the first in the State. Our educational 



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96 HISTORY OF 



and Sunday school causes are not surpassed ; they are what 
they never before have been — a '* grand success/^ 

With a well regulated system of education, and the Sun- 
day school cause properly developed, the state of society 
will be as a grand palladium of our country, and which will 
.secure to us the perpetuity of civil and religious liberty, 
which will be transmitted through the annals of history, 
unimpaired to future posterity. 

This (Erichland) township was formed, or cut off from 
Anderson township, about the year 1831 or ^32 ; it is only 
five and three-fourths miles long and five miles wide — it 
being a fractional township on the north side. Big Kill- 
buck runs diagonally through the township, on the east, 
and Little Killbuck on the west side, the former affording 
suflBcient water for mill and machine purposes, all the year, 
and the latter, a good supply of stock water. 

William Curtis was the first white man, with his family, 
that settled in what is now Richland township, in the spring 
of 1829, and his log cabin was on the spot where Mr, Rob- 
ert Adams^ barn now stands. The first eighty acres of land 
entered, was by him, in 1830, and is now owned by the 
above Mr. Adams. The next was John Shinkle and fam- 
ily, in the spring of 1830, on the land where Thos. Thorn- 
burg lives ; the next a Mr. Barker, Joseph Barnes, Isaac 
Jones and Archibald Parker, in 1830, on Big Killbuck ; 
also, Joseph Brown and family, settled on the land now 
owned by Harrison Canady. A mile or so above there, 
Richard and Timothy Parsons and families, also settled in 
1830, then all a dreary wilderness, inhabited only by the red 
man and wild animals. These pioneers had to get their bread, 
etc., from Wayne county, and other places, as best they 
could, until they could raise it themselves. They knew 
nothing about luxuries, but dined upon " corn dodgers,'' 
*Mohnny cake,'' opossom, coon, wild turkey, venison, etc., 
without salt or molasses. Their drink consisted of "Adam's 
ale," pure and unadulterated, as it flowed from the fountain 
head, down the hill-side, or tinctured with a little sassafras 
or spice wood. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 97 



The first school house or cabin erected was in 1831, on the 
ground where one of H. Canady^s frame houses now stands^ 
near the pike, and the first school was taught by an Irish- 
man, in the spring of 1832. 

The land in this part of the county was offered for sale ^ 
by Congress, and by 1H36 or ^37 was nearly all taken up, 
and preparations made for cultivating it. 

When I first visited this township, in August, 1833, I 
found it very wild and dreary, but the few inhabitants were 
remarkably hospitable and kind in every way; yet they 
were not of the most refined and cultivated, fof, although they 
had large, generous souls, they were very limited in educa- 
tion. '^ They were the right men in the right place " 

My brother-in-law. Christian Lower, and myself, moved 
from Wayne county, Indiana, to where I now live. We 
had to cut out our road as we came, and arrived here Janu- 
ary 5th, 1839. I had hired a cellar dug and a hewed log 
house built, 18x22 feet, with a clapboard roof; also, an acre 
of land, cleared and fenced, the latter costing $15. There 
were but four of five houses between here and Anderson, 
and no roads only as we cut them out, except the one from 
Anderson to Pipe creek, which is now a turnpike. Had no 
church edifices, but held religious services in private houses. ' 
** Log rollings and house raisings '^ were novel scenes to us, 
for we had not witnessed the like in Wayne county. We 
rolled logs thirty-one days, in the spring of 1839. The first 
thing was to divide the logs, or the ground, as nearly equally 
as possible, then each one take a dram of the " O. B. Joy- 
ful ^^ and all " pitch in.'' We fancied ourselves as but boys, 
by the side of those stalwart Virginians and Kentuckians. 
How every thing has changed since then ! Religion, the 
light of science, and the temperance cause, have dissipated 
the moral gloom, and banished the " little brown jug'' from 
our public gatherings ; and to-day we have good churches 
and school houses, nice houses and barns, fine farms, rail-^ 
roads, telegraphs, turnpikes, etc., enough to make any com- 
munity contented and happy. 

Well, gentle reader, I must bring my article to a close, 
7 



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98 HISTORY OF 



and it is already longer in detail than I expected or antici- 
pated when I began. May the blessing of civil and relig- 
ious liberty ever stand out as a beacon light to cheer us on 
to ultimate success. 

J. E. HOLSTON. 



COMMUNICATION FROM REV. J. W, FOREST. 

^ FoRESTViLLE, Aug. 20, 1874. 

Friend Harden : — Your favor requesting a sketch of the 
early history of Boone township is received and in com- 
pliance with the same I now proceed to give a brief outline. 
In the fall of 1847 I first set foot in this township and in 
that part known as the Miami Reserve. There was nearly 
one-half of the above township in this reserve. This land 
was not at that time in the market, but qould be secured by 
actual settlers by pre-emption. The greater portion of the 
township was one unbroken wilderness ; no traces of civili- 
zation in the western part save hunters' camps, an abund- 
ance of wolves, deer, squirrels, etc. There was at that time 
a small settlement in the eastern part of the township. 

The first election "held there were but eighteen votes 
cast, and the tickets were deposited in the inspector's hat. 
All was satisfactory so far as I know. I will give the 
names of those who voted as they recur to my mind, most 
of whom, howev^er, are dead : James and John Tomlinson, 
Wright Smith, John James, William and Thomas Brunt, 
William Bevis, Morgan McMahan, Robert Webster, Dud- 
ley and George Doyle, Jesse McMahan, Peter Eaton, Samuel 
Moore and David Jones — the names of the others I have 
forgotten. The first house raising I was at there were but 
two-^hands the first day, three the second, four the third, 
and the fourth day we finished. At the first log rolling 
there were but eight hands " all told.'' 

The first school house erected was about the year 1846. 



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MADISON CX)UNTY. 99 



The second one I helped raise was a rough log house, with 
one end open for a fire place and a log cut out instead of a 
window and a wide puncheon serving for a writing table — 
the teacher agreeing to teach only as far as the '* single 
rule of three/' 

The first preaching was by Samuel Purtee, of the United 
Brethren faith; the next was by Wm. Boyden, of the 
Methodist faith, and the third by Wm. Golden, a Baptist. 
These meetings were held, generally, in private houses. 
The first Sabbath school was organized in the year 1854, 
with J. W. Forrest superintendent. 

The first settlers were men of limited means, their first 
object was to secure homes and then convert them from 
a wilderness to a state of cultivation. They were men of 
industrious habits and had due respect for morality. You 
would scarcely hear an oath at the house raisings and log 
rollings of that day. I knew of no bottles of whisky being 
at any of the public gatherings the first few years after set- 
tling in the township. The Reserve w^as settled very fast; 
the sound of the ax and maul were heard throughout the 
land. Enough land was soon cleared on which to raise our 
own provision, and then we felt as though we were at 
home. The principal part of the milling was done at 
Jackson's mill, near Anderson, which required two or three 
days to make the trip. Our trading was done at Enos 
Wright's, Anderson, and Nathan Tomlinson's, Alexandria. 

With industry, strict economy and perseverance our 
improvements marched on rapidly. The people were 
neighborly and social in the extreme. Churches and school 
houses soon sprang up in proportion to other improve- 
ments. Our land was naturally productive and soon 
increased in valuation. We now have a good township and 
with more ditching will favorably compare with older parts 
of the county. Of course it has taken toil and sacrifices to 
accomplish this. Many have fallen by thcL way, J^iii^ a few 
have been permitted to live to see what then looked impos- 
sible. We yet lack a raUroad, which we hope soon to 
have, for it would be of great ad vantage, to us in getting 



791267 A 



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100 HISTORY OF 



our surplus to market. We are also deficient in gravel 
with which to make good roads, for our land is low and 
of such a nature that it is impossible to make good roads 
without it. 

Your humble writer is one of the last surviving pioneers 
who settled here as early as 1847, spared for some cause, I 
hardly know what. Although I have passed through the 
** flint mill," so to speak, I still enjoy good health, for 
which I am truly thankful. I came from Virginia when I 
was thirty-seven years of age, and have now lived in 
Indiana twenty-seven years ; have tried to preach the gospel 
in my poor stammering way for many years, laboring to 
build up Zion, not only in Boone, but in different parts of 
the country ; have served my township in the capacity of 
Justice of the Peace for twelve years ; acted as Swamp 
Land Commissioner, and have of late been acting with the 
Grange movement, which I think will accomplish good, but 
of course I can not see what is in the future. 

You are at liberty to use this imperfect sketch, which I 
would gladly extend, but I find my memory deficient of late 
in giving dates, names, etc., with many other incidents 
connected with our early history. 

Yours fraternallv, 

JOHN W. FORREST. 



DUCK CREEK TOWNSHIP, 

Duck Creek township was organized in 1852, by 
Anthony Minnick, Henry Cochran and Fielding Sampson, 
who were then Trustees, or Directors, as they were called 
by law. The first election took place in August, 1852, in 
the little United Brethren log church, on the bank of the 
creek, at the present site of the Way mire grave yard. This 
continued to be the voting ^precinct until 1856, when a 
school house was erected two and one-half miles northeast. 



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MADISON COUNTY. IQl 



on Anthony Minnick's land, to which place it was removed. 
As the time of holding elections was changed, the first 
regular election was held in April, 1853* 

The first Trustees elected' were John Adair, John Hosier 
and Thomas W. Harmon. Hosier and Haimon were 
re-elected. The first Treasurer elected was David Way- 
mire; the first Secretary, Daniel B. Newkirk; the first 
Assessor, Anthony Minnick ; the first Justices of the Peace, 
Elliott Waymire and Massey Clymer, the latter serving 
acceptably for sixteen years. 

The first Sunday school organized was at what then was, 
and still is, known as the Minnick school house, in the 
summer of 1857. Thomas W. Harmon was elected Super- 
intendent. The first and only resident minister was Samuel 
Purtee, of the U. B. Church. He was a man of considera- 
ble ability and great zeal, but lacked culture and refine- 
ment. Owing to the negligence of his person and the affairs 
of his family, his influence was not what it otherwise would 
have been. But he contitiued a zealous minister and labored 
in various parts of his country until his death, February 
21st, 1872. 

During the early history of the township wolves and 
other wild animals were in abundance, but the last trace of 
the wolf was seen in the western part, near Tipton county, 
where a den of them was killed by Aquilla and James 
Purtee, in the year 1859. Deer were numerous, but the 
last wafi killed a few years later. 

The township, generally speaking, is flat ^d is inter- 
sected from southwest to northeast by two branches of Duck 
creek. The soil is good and the country well timbered, 
occasionally there being a swamp. A mile and a half north 
of the center are the dividing waters of the White and 
Wabash rivers, the water flowing south into Duck creek and 
thence into White river, while on the other hand it flows 
Dorth into Wild Cat creek, thence into Wabash river. 

Yours, 

JOHN N. HAEMON. 

September 24th, 1874 



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102 HISTORY OF 



When mankind wander in the realms of fancy, outside of 
the domain of demonstrative fact, the theories thus con- 
structed amount only to speculation. In the infancy of 
nations, it was the custom of their writers to attempt to give 
an account of the world, its cosmical development and his- 
tory, in a few pages of a book. Time sanctified these tradi- 
tions, and in process of time they became incorported with 
the sacred legends of the country ; a part of its faith, that 
amounted to skepticism to doubt. In the decomposition 
and recomposition of States, the most cherished of these 
traditions were carried into the new. The wreck of old 
ideas was the material out of which the new was to be con- 
structed. Every idea of the structure of earth or of the 
origin of man, has had its antecedent idea in opinions that 
have had their youth, their manhood, and their age and 
decay, in systems long since forgotten. In our day, two 
theories are occupying the attention of the learned world, 
that of Creation f and that of Development 

The Creation theory is the more orthodox, as it is older. 
Old opinions are sound, as long as they have the pupular 
sanction ; opinion may err in the present, as it has in the 
past, hence the necessity for investigation before we give 
ourselves away to any threadbare whim, because it is old, 
or mount the whirlwind of fancy, because it is new. It con- 
cerns man more to be in possessiou of fact, than it does to 
construct theories to prop up the traditions of by-gone ages. 
The six days of creation and the seventh of rest, is looked 
on by educated men more in the light of allegory 
than of literal, cosmical history. Geological har- 
mony is attained by the following solution, compared 
with the cosmology of Moses: The morning and 
evening of the first day constituted the Azoic epoch of 
indefinite time. The second day of Biblical creation was 
the age of the earliest appearance of animated existence; 
the age of Molusks, or Silurian age. On the third day, the 
Devonian age, or fish epoch, was ushered in. The fourth 
day represents the carboniferous period of geology. The 
fifth day is. the period of the great culmination of those 



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MADISON COUNTY. 103 

huge reptiles, whose remains are found only in the rocks ; 
among which are found the IchthyosaurianSy whose frame was 
enormous, and length not less than thirty feet at maturity. 
The PlesiosauriaSy with snake-like head and feet that were 
used in water as fins, and on dry land as organs of locomo- 
tion. Also, to this period belongs the Ptesodactyl, or bird- 
like reptile, in consequence of its ability to fly in the air by 
means of bat-like wings. In the latter part of this period, 
first appears mammals, or beasts who suckle their young. On 
the sixth day, or age of mammals, many of the lower order 
of living existents disappeared from the earth, and gave 
place to a higher order of animated nature. This is the 
quaternary period of geologists. The animals of note that 
belonged to this epoch, which have since disappeared from 
the earth, are the paloeatherium, the dinotheriuniy the maS" 
todon or American fossil elephant, the mammoth and the 
magatherion, the latter a gigantic sloth, exceeding in size 
anything now living, the elephant alone excepted. 

The most rational and natural divisions of the existence 
of the earth are, first, when it was purely mineral, in its 
second stage it was mineral and vegetable, the third, min- 
eral, vegetable and animal, the fourth, mineral, vegetable, 
animal and man. There is ho discrepancy of opinion as to 
the advent of man, being the last introduced upon this 
planet. But the time of his introduction has puzzled arch- 
aeologists, both sacred and profane, in all ages of the world. 
The Mosaic chronology has been tortured by skepticism and 
the rationalists for the last two hundred years. Every 
advantage of its weak points has Oeen taken by its enemies, 
by giving a literal interpretation to the six days of crea- 
tion. Enough to say, the literal six thousand years, since 
all things were chaos, and disembodied nonenity is no longer 
considered tenable by educated men anywhere. It, perhap§> 
marked a very important revival in the history of man, in 
which he began to record the traditions of his ancestors. 

But to say that man has had an existence on earth coex- 
istent with its first inception and development, and that the 
planet was habitable in a short week, and that this infant child 



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104 HISTORY OF 



and his mate were fitted for the duties of their station, and 
that all created things were of the same age, belonged to 
the same epoch, and started together in this early morning 
of time, taxes our credulity beyond endurance. It suits 
our purpose to accept the Mosaic chronology as an elucida- 
tion in part of the historic age. Geology has a record in the 
rochs, in the drifts in the change of season, as indicated in 
tropical flora preserved in immense beds of carbon, all over 
the country. Palaeontology ^ or the science of fossils, shows 
a succession of living existents in each physical change or 
revolution, that the material substance of the earth past 
through, from the Palaeozoic period to the present time. 
Animal forms, belonging to certain stratum of the earth, 
and not being found in older deposits, and their continued 
existence arrested in newer formations, we are led to sup- 
pose that the conditions upon which life depended, no long- 
er existed, and death was the result. 

Such is the trlobite found at the falls of Fall creek, 
imbedded in the solid rock. This little three lobed animal 
properly belongs to the upper and lower Silurian. None 
are known to exist at the present, and the rocks are the sole 
record of their being. The stratum is thus named from 
its cropping out in Wales, the ancient seat of the Silures, 
who gave the Romans, under Julius Cesar, so much trouble 
to conquer. Their name, almost forgotten, comes up in geo- 
logy, and by it, is immortalized. 

This little creature is much sought after by students at 
school, as a representative of the long distant past. Untold 
ages have roled away since a tropical sun warmed the 
lagoons in which they dwelled. We introduce them here 
as they once had a home in Madison county, with hundreds, 
perhaps thousands of other fossils, the names of which are 
known only to those who make their remains a study. The 
tHUxbite dwindles into insignificance when compared with 
another fossil of our county, found in the limestone depos- 
its, plentifully distributed in the vicinity of Anderson. 

OrthoGeratite, thus named from two Greek words, signi- 
fying a straight horn, is found in fragments as they are geii- 



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MADISON COUNTY. 105 

erally broken in disengaging them from their firm stony 
case. It is remarked by M. Figuier, that they were the 
tyrants of the ancient seas. Their epoch is more recent than 
the trilabite. Their burial place is principally in limestone 
rock, secure from everything save the rude violence of man. 
It has never been our fortune to come across a complete fos- 
sil of this fillibuster among reptiles. The head and poste- 
rior extremity is generally wanting. What were its habits, 
its food and its social relation with the monsters of its day, 
are Questions that will remain unanswered. It suited the 
divine economy of the Supreme Architect of the Universe, 
to bring into life the lowest order of animated nature, first, 
and from this, build the pyramid of creation, placing man 
at the top, as the completing capstone and perfection of his 
work. Did man and the liigher order of animals make 
their appearance on earth as soon as vegetable existence? 
We think not for many plausible seasons. The igneous 
period of earth's history had disengaged so many noxious 
gasses that it would have been impossible for an air-breather 
to perpetuate an existence in such a medium. It is an 
axiom in philosophy, that matter is inannihilable ; what 
has become of those noxious gasses ? They have been crys- 
talized in the imm nse vegetation, that in aflertime consti- 
tuted the coal beds that underlie so much of the surface of 
Indiana, and formed carbonates and carburets with other 
simples, until the gasseous fluid surrounding the earth was 
so far freed from carbon, that the lowest order of air- 
breathers could begin to exist. Nature makes no mistakes ; 
life was introduced as soon as the physical conditions of the 
universe would admit of it. Well may we suppose, and 
prove by parity of reasoning, that a low order of physio- 
logical conditions proved an unperfected state of physical 
conditions; that progression and gradation in one, prove the 
same in the other. But to take Mr. Weeks' experiment of 
developing animalculse from vegetable albumen, that they, 
in turn will overleap the type of their organization, and in 
time become a fish ; that the fish will become an air-breath- 
ing reptile; that the reptile in process of time, develops wings 



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106 HISTORY OF 



and feathers, and assumes all the characteristics of a bird; 
that the feathers of the bird is changed into hair and the 
wings into feet, and this aeriform animal drops to earth as a 
quadruped ; that this quadruped learns the habit of walk- 
ing on its posterior extremities erect, and that the front feet 
are developed into hands, and assumes the station of man. 
We are prepared for many wonders in nature, but do not 
urge those extreme opinions of the law of development, or 
else, our credulity, being overtaxed, might revolt. Palaeon- 
tology fails to furnish those links by which all created living 
things are thus rendered homogeneous ; one and the same ; 
but, ouly, in different stages of development. Type of 
being has its law, and, in the present state of our knowl- 
edge, the bonds have not been broken and the line of 
demarkcation swept away. The hog has never become an 
elephant, neither has the lion ate grass as the ox. Yet this 
does not argue that man is a mechanical machine ; that he is 
the same, mentally, that he was during the Laeustrin 
settlements in Switzerland, the formation of the Kitchen- 
middens ot Denmark, or during the period of Mound-building 
in America. He was unpolished, ignorant and unrefined 
then, but, nevertheless, he was man. He is a " little lower 
than the Angel,'' still. His improvement is mainly due to the 
civilizing influences of society, the habitual exercise of 
mental pursuits, and the accumulated experience of untold 
ages. It is as improbable, for one type of existence to 
invade another by assumption of form and character, as it 
would be for man to become a God. The idea may be illus- 
trated by a diagram. Each type of animated existence is a 
point within a circle. It has a play from center to circum- 
ference, but never passes the bounds of the circle, neither 
does one circle encroach upon another. 

With regard to man three opinions are prevalent in the 
world. The first is that he was created an angel and fell to 
be a devil. The second that he was originally a devil and 
that he has been growing better ever since. The third is 
that he is now, what he always has been, with the modify- 



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MADISON COUNTY. 107 



ing influences of his surroundings, about midway between 
angel and devil. 

It is the opinion of the most -eminent archiaeologists that 
man antedates the Glacial epooh, that he was cotemporary 
with the ea^e bear, the mammoth, the mastadon and many 
other extinct species of animals that ceased to exist during 
this transition, state. Speculation is not historical fact and 
much of the investigation on this subject has failed to con- 
vince either for or against the extreme antiquity of man. 
The era of man's existence on earth is divided into three 
ages. That of iron, covering a period of four thousand 
years; bronze, that of two thousand years, and the stone age 
seven thousand, in all thirteen thousand years. What 
length of time man wandered in the infancy of his exist- 
ence before he became a worker in stone implements none 
have ventured to guess. Sir Charles Lyell, when he 
visited the United States in 1846, gave the subject of the 
co-existence of man and the mastadon on this continent a 
careful investigation. He expresses himself guardedly by 
saying that in " other parts of America, which I myself 
have not visited, I have not as yet been able to obtain 
authentic proofs of the co-existence of man with the masta- 
don, though it is highly probable that such proofs will even- 
tually be brought to light. Professor Whitney, indeed, 
points out that, ^amid the foot hills of the Sierra works of 
man have been frequently found among the recent deposits 
of auriferous gravel, in close connection with the bones of 
thA mastodon and elephant,' but I have not yet had an 
opportunity of examining fully into the evidence." 

Dr. B. Dowler described a human skeleton exhumed in 
the delta of the Mississippi, to which he ascribed an 
antiquity of fifty thousand years. Figures are easily made, 
but it is another thing to estimate their numerical value. 
He failed to give enough of the thread of his reasoning to 
enable us to judge of its accuracy. Four superimposed for- 
ests were interlocked above the remains, which had a depth 
of sixteen feet beneath the surface. 

We have somewhat wandered from the purposes of this 



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108 HISTORY OF 



article, but to preserve a logical connection, it may be 
remarked that the co-existence of man with the mastadon is 
relative to the subject as the bones of the latter 
have been found in Madison county in two or more places. 
Human remains have never, in this locality, cFaimed any 
great antiquity. Two thousand years ago the bones of this 
fossil elephant was as much of an enigma as they were to 
the workmen who brought them to light on the farm of 
Mr. John Harmason in the year 1871. While constructing 
a ditch to drain a marsh of several miles in length, the 
workmen came upon the huge bones of an extinct species of 
animals belonging to the class called pachidenus, or thick 
skinned animals. The word mastadon is a compound of 
two Greek words signifying nipple-tooth. When did these 
huge monsters rove in herds in Madison county, shaking 
the solid foundations of the earth with their tread? Ask 
the everlasting hills and they are silent; inquire of the for- 
ests, and th3 answer will be that a hundred generations have 
passed away since one of these browsed upon its branches ; 
interrogorate the marshes in which they are found, and the 
silence of death that reigns there gives no information of 
the rolling years and cycles of time that bars us from the 
date of their existence. The winds have no pen to record, 
or tongue to tell of the thousand ages that have passed in 
the dim twilight of the early morn of time, whei;i the mas- 
tadon, monarch of the land, shook his hoary mane in the 
wintry wind. Fossil remains of several species of this ' 
huge beast have been exhumed in all countries of the known 
world except in southern India and Africa, the home of the 
living elephant. There may be a relative proportion 
existing between the size of the teeth of an animal and the 
animal itself. If this rule is even proximative, and in the 
vicinity of truth we attain all that is expected by the com- 
parison. We have in our possession a tooth of an ox that 
had a living weight of eighteen hundred pounds. As the 
ox's tooth is to its living weight so i^the mastadon's to its 
live weight. The rule, if correct, makes the weight of the 
living mastadon, whose bones were found as aforesaid in 



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MADISON COUNTY. 109 



the vicinity of Anderson, forty thousand one hundred and 
twelve pounds. It is not claimed that there is any great 
degree of accuracy in the calculation, but as good as any 
from the kind of material we have to reason from. The 
workmen that found the bones in question informed us that 
there was also a reddish brown hair mixed with the muck, 
but it was carelessly thrown aside and we failed to find any 
of the clothing of the beast on the day following the dis- 
covery. If man, on this continent, ever beheld a living 
raastadon, it is so far in the distant past that the physical 
records of time have grown illegible. The Indians have a 
tradition that goes back to the epoch of the mastadon, but 
it is not trustworthy. It is too silly to recapitulate, but 
nevertheless it might amuse. It is related that once upon a 
time the Great Spirit felt himself much aggrieved by the sad 
havoc committed by the mastadon on the deer, elk and buf- 
falo that were created for the Indian ; that he resolved to 
destroy them, and for that purpose seated himself upon a 
high hill and hurled thunderbolts at them until they were 
all destroyed save one old bull, who, facing the divine 
wrath, shook off the electric fluid as it fell on his forehead, 
until failing to catch and turn it aside, he was wounded in 
the side, when, with a mighty roar, he bounded across the 
Ohio and the great lakes in the north, and at last took up 
his abode in a far distant country, where he is living to 
this day. 

Their bones are much larger than those of the elephant, 
the hight of some skeletons, about thirteen feet, with body 
much longer in proportion to hight. They seldom have 
more than eight teeth in use at one time, thus, | f . The front 
grinder is about two-fifths smaller than the one back of it. 
Its food was plainly vegetable, as proved by the remains of 
twigs, leaves and other vegetable matter found between its 
ribs. It was probably like other pachyderms, fond of vis- 
iting marshy places, in search ot more abundant food, 
where it became mired in the place where its bones are so 
frequently found. About thirty species of mastadon have 
been described by palseontologists. Those wishing further 



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110 HISTOKY OF 



information on this subject are referred to the works of Dr- 
Warren. 

Madison county, like every other point in the State, 
presents its relics of a by-gone age. Flint arrowheads, 
spearheads, scrapers, mullers, rollers, and many other stone 
implements are found, the uses of which, we at this distant 
time, can scarcely guess at. It is thought that no metal ic 
substance of high antiquity has been found. These things 
have the impress of a European origin, and in no wise 
attributable to the ancient inhabitants of the country. In 
M'^^xico and Peru the civilization at the time of the con- 
quest, had advanced to the bronze epoch, while in Europe 
that point had been passed four thousand years before. In 
the northern part of North America, there is no satisfactory 
evidence that bronze implements had ever come into gen- 
eral use; that they were at least six thousand years behind 
their European neighbors, allowing four thousand years for 
the age of iron, and two thusand for that of bronze. ^ Stone 
implements found here belong to the two ages of stone — the 
rough, and the polished. There is not a vestige of evidence 
that would prove the existence of man in the central parts 
of Indiana over two thousand years ago. 

He may have been here ten thousand, but the evidence of 
this high antiquity is not present. Flint implements have 
no date, they leave no record; the time of their use is 
shut out by the dead ages of the past, without leaving their 
marks on the wings of time. The mounds near Chester- 
field, the work of the ancient inhabitants, present many 
features that are interesting as food for reflection. Their 
regularity suggests the idea of mathematical accuracy. The 
circuit of the larger is about three hundred paces. The 
length of one step is a unit of measure, with all rude or 
uncivilized people. Why three hundred; did they have 
the use of the Arabic numerals ? Perhaps not, but they 
had the same suggestive idea of the Semitic races, in count- 
ing by tens, on the digital extremities of the hands. The 
pace made a unit of measure, and the fingers suggested its 
multiplication by tens. 



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MADISON COUNTY. HI 



Those who have given the mounds the greatest attention 
in trying to decipher their object and uses, have divided 
them into three classes : First, military or defensive ; second, 
that-for the interment of the dead ; and third, that foi^ adora- 
tion or worship. Our principal mound at Chesterfield comes 
underthe denomination of the latter. The ditch is on the inner 
side ; the elevation of earth in the center is what is usually 
denominated the sacrificial altar ; the opening in the embank- 
ment, frontng the south, may have reference to the sun at meri- 
dian hight, and an object of worship by almost all nations in 
a certain stage in their civilization. The ancient Egyptians 
were worshippers of the sun, and the Incas of Peru called 
themselves the children of the sun and tlie Aztecs of 
Annihuac adored that luminary and poured out libations of 
praise to the other hosts of heaven. There is too much spec-^ 
ulation in the whole subject to say positively what the com- 
plete object was in the minds of the architects. The work, 
as well as the people that did it, is a mystery that time will 
never unfold. Whence came they, whither have they gone, 
how long did they remain, and what were the causes of their 
taking ofi^? This ancient people, the Mound Builders, might 
have been destroyed by war and conquest ; famine is more 
terrible to a half civilized people than it is to an enlight- 
ened nation ; pestilence folows in the train of other disasters. 
War, famine and pestilence are the three principal causes of 
the destruction of all the ancient States. When they had 
filled the measure of their existence, and their purposes and 
objects were complete, it would not bother the mind of the 
Infinite to get rid of them. When knowledge and virtue 
walk hand in hand, the prosperity of the people is secure ; 
when these become stationary, prosperity is on the retrograde ; 
when knowledge and virtue decline, the spectacle becomes 
contemptible, and the blot is generally wiped out with the 
the existence of nationality. If the Mound Builders once 
had an existence in Madison county, there was a purpose 
in it. If they had fulfilled the objects of existence, 
they would, no doubt, be here to-day; but wherein their 



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112 HISTORY OF 



shortcomings consisted is a mystery locked in the prison- 
house of the past. 

If some of the pioneer views of the antiquity of man are 
objectionable, I can apologise better by making a quotation^ 
a saying of Prof. Agassiz, " that whenever a new and startling 
fact is brought to light in science, people first say, * it is not 
true,' thep that ^ it is contrary to religion,^ and lastly, ^ that 
every body knew it before.' ^' 

If the foregoing article suits the character of your book, 
it is respectfully submitted, asking the patient indulgence of 
the public. 

Eespectfully yours, 

W. A. HUNT. 

Anderson, Oct. 26, 1874. 



THE BIG LICK. 



The author is indebted to Mr. John Boram for the fol- 
lowing account : 

The source^ of Lick Creek, proper, is what is generally 
called the Big Lick. Many an incident occurred here 
which gave much merriment and laughter among the old 
settlers, then living in this part of the county. It was a 
great place of resort for the wild game of the woods at that 
time, especially deer. (My informant states he saw seven 
one morning before breakfast, a pretty fair sight on an 
empty stomach indeed,) which would come and sup of the 
water that oozed from the sides of the low banks, water 
which seemed everlasting , and many an one was shot down 
by sporting men who then lived in this vicinity. jScaffolds 
were built in the branches and forks of the trees which sur- 
rounded the basin or pool. Then at night or at early dusk 
ascend the tree, conceal themselves, having a little fire on 
some boards covered with dirt* Here would each one sit on 
his own tree, with his old flint lock in hand awaiting the 



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MADISON COUNTY. US 



arrival of the deer, which would generally soon make their 
appearance, not suspecting their enemies who were perched 
above them. When the man nearest the deer, would 
brighten up his light with some dry kindling, which was 
always prepared for that purpose, the light would blind the 
deer, then a charge was let loose from the old trusty gun 
then a general charge was made by the entire party often 
killing several. Crippling on such occassions was not con- 
sidered a good shot. 

This place is somewhat noted in other respects. It was 
here that Bacy's trace crossed; the first emigrant train 
that passed through this part of this country, traveling west. 
In fact this route was taken l)y the traveling public tor some 
time, emigrating West. Also much had been said in refer- 
ence to mineral deposits here. 

Iron ore exists in small quanties. It was thought by 
some that the Indians made salt here at one time. It is 
said that a man by the name of Tigaret in the year 1850, 
made some experiments in reference to the discovery of salt. 
But it was a grand failure. My informant states that he 
came with mattock, spade, pumps, etc., and to work he 
went, where tradition had pointed out, as he said, the exact 
spot for operations. His first part of the work was to sink 
a shaft if possible to the briny liquid. It was soon found 
impossible to continue this part of the work successfully, 
unless a curbing of some kind to keep out the falling mud 
could be procured. Consequently a large sycamore gum 
was obtained, about ten feet long and four feet in diameter. 
At last the gum was placed in position, the salt man did the 
work of excavation and again commenced in earnest. By this 
time the gum is lowered, only leaving about one foot above 
the ground. In a short time the men above became some- 
what discouraged, but a few words of encouragement from 
the man below set them to work with renewed energy ; for 
they had now reached a place where the precious liquid lay 
awaiting the removal of the alluvial deposits, which was 
now almost done. Great anxiety was «ow manifested by 
the intent party, and others of the neighborhood who had 
8 



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114 HISTORY OF 



assembled to witness that which was to give untold wealth 
to these men, and a new impetus to business in this part of 
the country. 

As the anticipated depth was about reached, where treas- 
ure would be revealed, all eyes were strained to their utmost 
to catch the first view of what would perhaps make this 
day memorable for generations to come ; and to give advan- 
tages here of which few places could boast. Sure enough 
just at this moment the vein is tapped ; all is excitement 
above and below; it is rising rapidly up the legs of the man 
below. He is in danger of being submerged before relief 
can be afforded him. But our faithful friend above was 
equal to the task. All was now safe and each ready to test, 
by tasting the relative qualities of the new discovery, which 
was by this time flowing over the top of the gum in great 
sluces. " Sulphur," says one, " coperas" says another," iron " 
says a third. Now we can not imagine the surprise and 
disappointment of these men when they found this fluid to 
be merely good drinking water, perhaps only slightly 
impregnated with iron. The water has been flowing over 
the top until recently. The flowing over of the gum caused 
the filling up with sediment. 

This place is one and one-half miles north of the line 
between Madison and Hancock counties, and two and one- 
half miles west of the Henry county line. A great change is 
observed in the vicinity of the spring compared with its 
appearance forty years ago. It has lost much of its wild 
and romantic scenery. 

It was near this place where Mary Ann Atford was 
killed by lightning in the year 1855. And on his farm^ 
lying a short distance west of the spring, is where John 
Slaughter becoming weary of life took the fetal dose of mor- 
phine^ which terminated his existence in about forty-eight 
hours. He was a German by birth, had moved from Penn- 
sylvania in the year 1834, where he settled in the woods 
and cleared up a large farm and accumulated a great deal 
of wealth ; the management or control of which seemed to 
give him much trouble, hence he sought relief by his own 



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MADISON COUNTY. 116 



efforts to free himself of the turmoils of life. In the year 
1833 or 4, Mrs. Surber, wife of James Surber, hung herself 
in her own house, cause unknown. This house stood but a 
short distance west of the Big Lick. In the same neigh- 
borhood, still a little farther west, Josephus Poindexter 
committed suicide by cutting the jugular veins of his neck 
with a razor, causing almost instant death. This occurred in 
1868. He was much respected by all who knew him. He 
had been Justice of the Peace for several years ; was fifty 
years of age. He had raised a large family of children 
which had grown up to respectability. In 1868, Thomas 
Shelton an old citizen of this neighborhood was found dead 
on his own premises. The decision of the Jury was that he 
died of apoplexy. 

Just a little further southwest a youth by the name of 
John Padgett, was found dead in the woods, cause of death 
unknown. And down Lick creek a little way, Frederick 
Windell shot himself accidently. A full account of this 
matter will be found elsewhere in this work. He was 
highly respected by all who knew him. It seems that cas- 
ualities of this kind have been much greater in this neigh- 
borhood than in other localities in this county. 



Indianapolis, Ind., At^;ust 19, 1874. 

(Midnight.) 
S. Habdin, Esq., 

Markleville, Madison county, Ind. : 

Deab Sib : Your favor of the 14th instant is before me, 
and contents noted. By it I am informed that you are hunt- 
ing up materials for a history of Madison county. In it 
you solicit me to contribute something for your proposed 
work. 

I can sincerely assure you it gives me very great pleasure 
to comply with your request, and should I, by my feeble 
pen, contribute any thing which may add any interest to 
your forthcoming book, I shall feel myself i^nost happy 
thereby. 



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116 HISTOBY OF 



I now proceed to give you a short biographical sketch of 
my versatile career : 

First : I was born on Saturday morning, November 13th, 
1813, in Knox county, then in the territory of Indiana 
(now Sullivan county, taken from Knox), in a very small 
log cabin in a little "picket fort^^ erected to defend the 
whites against the hostile Indians. 

I was born of poor but respectable parents. My fath- 
er's name was Friend Lemon, born in Virginia. My moth- 
er's maiden name was Mary Hansbrough, daughter of Peter 
Hansbrough, for whom I was named. My parents came to 
the then territory of Indiana, and settled near Vincennes. 
My father was by profession a miller and a farmer. His 
farm is located on Willard's prarie. Gill township, Sullivan 
county, four miles north and west from Carlisle. He was 
born March 10th, 1782, died August 17th, 1862, aged eighty 
years, five months and seven days. My mother died when 
I was only some three or four weeks old. 

I was bred on the farm, and worked on the farm until I 
was seventeen years of age when, September, 1830, 1 went to 
learn the blacksmith trade in Carlisle, with Alonzo Coulton. 
The volcanic art proved too hard for my physical powers, sa 
I abandoned it and turned my attention to books. The old 
log school house, common in this country in that early day, 
was the kind in which my first ideas were "taught to shoot.''^ 
I mastered Webster's American Spelling Book, Pike's Arith- 
metic, the English Reader, and Introduction to the same^ 
by Lindley Murray, and with the old goose quill I had 
learned to write a tolerably fair hand. Thus far finished in 
my education, in the spring of 1832 I began the occupation 
of a pedagogue, taught a nine months' school near Bruce- 
ville, Knox county. In the spring of 1833 I went to Vin- 
cennes and went to school to the Rev. Henry Moore Shaw^ 
an educated Episcopal clergyman. With him I learned the 
art and mystery of " speaking and writing the English lan- 
guage with propriety," according to Murray. In 1834 I 
taught a school in Palestine, Crawford county, Illinois, and 
commenced reading medicine with Dr. Norton, became 



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MADISON COUNTY. 117 



dyspeptic, and to cure the same farmed it in 1835. In 1836 
went to Alabama and lived with an uncle, who was a law- 
yer. Studied law, was licensed April 10th, 1839, at 
Merom, Sullivan county, Indiana. July 4th, 1874, was 
the " orator of the day ^^ at Merom. I forgot to mention 
that on the 26th of March, 1839, 1 was married, in New 
Lebanon, Sullivan county, Indiana, to Miss Sarah Ellis, 
daughter of Jesse Ellis, of Madison county. Left Merom 
March 8th, 1841, for Madison county, Indiana, moving in 
a two horse wagon. Arrived at Alexandria, Madison county, 
on March 17th, 1841. Delivered the Fourth of July ora- 
ation at Alexandria. Practiced law. Left Alexandria for 
Anderson May 5, 1845. In 1848 edited the True Dem- 
ocrat, published by the brothers, John Q. & Wm. Howell. 
In 1849, with Dr. Townsend Ryan, bought the printing 
press and started the Weekly Democrat. '^ Busted up.^' 

Now as to my office holding : I was elected Justice of 
the Peace for Anderson township in September, 1847, for five 
years. Re-elected, in 1852, for four years (new Constition). 
In October 1855 was elected Clerk ot the Madison Circuit 
Court. My opponent was the late Judge James N. Starkey, 
at that time the deputy Clerk for James Hazlett, Esq., my 
predecessor. Judge Starkey was a Democrat, but ran inde- 
pendently. The Whigs ran Ho candidate for Clerk that 
year. I served my term out. Was not a candidate for 
re-election. 

Removed from Anderson to Indianapolis October 24th, 
1863, so that my life spent in Madison county was a little over 
twenty-two and a half years — four at Alexandria and eigh- 
teen and a half in Anderson. 

It is a sad pleasure to me, as I to-night have hurriedly 
brought up to my recollection, the many trying scenes and 
the struggles with poverty and adversity, through which I 
passed in Madison county. But when memory reverts to 
those scenes, and to the dear old friends — many of whom 
have passed off the stage — with whom I so long mingled, 
and by whom I was honored, I feel pleasure commingled 
with sadness. 



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118 HISTORY OF 



I may again return to Madison coanty, and then, when my 
time comes, "draw the drapery of my couch around me^ 
and lie down to pleasant dreams '^ by the side of my son and 
two daughters who now rest in the beautiful little cemetery 
near Anderson. 

Yours very truly, 

PETER H. LEMON. 

Addenda. — I omitted to mention that I became a mem- 
ber of Mount Moriah Lodge, No. 77, Free and Accepted 
Masons at Anderson, in 1851, 1 believe. Served as Secretary^ 
of said Lodge, some two or three years. I became a Royal 
Arch Mason in Muncie Chapter No. 30, in 1857, I think. 
In 1858, 1 believe, I became a Royal and Select Master, in 
Indianapolis Council, No. 2. ( 

' During the late rebellion, I enlisted in the forty-seventh 
Regiment, Indiana Volunteers, and was appointed by Col- 
onel James R. Slack, Commissary Sergeant served ten 
months, when I received my discharge on account of disa- 
bility from chronic diarrhoea. 



A CHAPTER ON SPIRITUALISM. 

BY ROBERT CREE. 

Home, July 29, 1874. 

After so long a time I attempt to give you a sketch of 
spiritual manifestations which occurred about the year 1852» 
The facts we find about as follows : A man by the name of 
Oliver Branch, an old bachelor, who possessed a considera- 
ble amount of money, unceremoniously left for parts 
unknown. After being gone some time it was whispered 
about that he had been foully dealt with ; that one Henry 
Huff was suspected of being guilty of the crime. The 
neighbors became excited to a considerable extent, placing^ 



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MADISON COUNTY. 119 



Mr. H. in a precarious situation. He, however, cleared the 
matter up by procuring evidence from Fort Wayne that 
Mr. B. had there sickened and died a natural death. This 
set the matter at rest until Spiritualism was introduced into 
the neighborhood, led by one Ward McNear, who professed 
to be a medium ; and at a meeting of persons of this faith the 
spirit of Mr. Branch was said to be present, confirming the 
first suspicion that Mr. B. had been murdered, and that 
Huff was the guilty party. The indignity of the people was 
now aroused to its highest pitch, and preparations were made 
for investigation. The spot had been located through the 
medium where the bones of the murdered man could be 
found. The day was set ; tools were prepared, including 
picks, shovels, grabing hooks, etc. Headed by McNear 
some forty or fifty persons began the work in earnest, labor- 
ing all day. Late in the evening Wilson More pointed out ' 
the exact spot in the edge of a small branch. By this time 
the day had closed ; the water coming in to the excavation 
operations were suspended until pumps and other necessa- 
ries were procured. In the mean time, however, the num- 
ber had increased from fifty to seventy-five persons, the 
excitement running higher and higher. Thus prepared 
with these necessaries work again commenced. Finally by 
dint of hard labor bones were actually found. Now the 
excitement became intense, but to any rational mind not 
wrought up by this delusion it was readily decided that they 
were the bones of the deer, so admitted by this deluded set, 
who had been led by designing men into this foolish move 
without anything whatever save the sudden disappearance ^ 
of Mr. B. to found their suspicions of crime upon. Here 
ends this little narrative. The spot is to this day called 
" The Bone Diggings,^^ traces of which may be seen near 
the southeast corner of Van Buren township. 

i£he author was induced to insert this merely to show 
how far, from the most trifling occurrence, human folly can 
be led. This, however, has been the case from time imme- 
morial, and there is but one way of successful escape, and 
that is through a proper education, which is a safeguard to 



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120 HISTORY OF 



all classes. It will se^^ve to keep down superstition and 
bigotry ; it will act as an equalibrium to thought an action, 
and will develop to our natural understanding what some 
have been pleased to call mysterious. Spiritualism is either 
a grand humbug or a grand science. If the former, let it 
be hoped it is exploded forever; if the latter, it will in time 
result in good, when God in his own good time, through 
His agent, man, will see fit to commit it to us. In the case 
referred to above by Mr. Cree these deluded folks were 
doubtless led by some crazy brain with selfish ends in view, 
who would have them believe something was about to be 
ushered in regardless of science and natural laws. 



THE PRESS. 



Some one has said that the Press is a mighty lever, the 
truthfulness of which is conceded on all hands. Since this is 
so, how important that it should be wielded in the right 
direction and by men of principle, who are not looking and 
waiting to float out on some popular idea that may seize on 
the people who do not do their own thinking. This evil 
might be to some extent avoided, if our press was more 
independent and outspoken, and not so much of the bread- 
and-butter order. A free, independent press, fearlessly 
edited, is certainly a power in the land, if not edited by a 
secular or a one idea man, who looks no farther than his 
own sanctum. 

We are inclined to think that there are but few of this 
class, and to-day the press throughout the country is taking 
high moral grounds, ^he press of our county seems no 
exception to this rule. We have three weekly papers pub- 
lished in the county ; there are two at Anderson and one at 
Pendleton. In style, tone and mechanical skill they will 
compare favorably with other papers throughout the State. 
We are proud of them. Long may they continue their 



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MADISON CX)UNTY. 121 



usefulness. Their drculation is about as follows : Herald, 
1,200; Democrat, 1,000; Register, 800— making 3,000 
-copies issued weekly, two-thirds of which remain in the 
-county. The Anderson Democrat and the Pendleton Regis- 
ter are both partially printed at Chicago. The department 
printed at Chicago contains general news ; that part printed 
:at the offices is composed principally of local news. The 
Anderson Herald is entirely printed at Anderson. The 
Herald and Democrat are published at two dollars per 
annum ; the Register at one dollar per annum. 

As to the early history of the press of the county, we 
have only been able to get a vague account. In fact, it has 
been the most difficult task connected with this work to get 
anything like a respectable chain. The first press intro- 
duced at Anderson was about the year 1834, when a small 
paper was issued, called the Western Telegraph. Its editor 
was Charles D. Henderson. It is hardly necessary to say 
that this was a small, dingy sheet, and would illy compare 
with the city papers of to-day. It, however, served its day 
of usefulness, when it gave place to a paper called the 
Atheneum. This was in the year 1837. Its editor was 
Thomas Sims, who is represented to have been a man of 
fine attainments. His paper was mainly devoted to the 
science of phrenology, which at that day was not very well 
understood in Madison county. He was in advance of the 
times, and we at this day perhaps occupy about the same 
ground the paper advocated at that time. The people at 
the time were illy prepared to receive what to them 
appeared of doubtful existence. Their minds were more 
occupied with matters of more immediate importance, and 
his paper did not prosper, and was discontinued in the 
course of a few years. 

Soon afterward. Dr. Ryan startecj a paper, the name of 
which we have been unable to obtain. He was assisted by 
Peter H. Lemon. Just how long this paper was conducted 
we are not able to say. 

About the year 1850 the Anderson Gazette was published 
by Mr. Osborn, of Muncie. It was afterwards conducted 
by J. F. Henry. It continued to the year 1854. 



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122 HISTORY OF 



In 1855 the Demooratic Standard was started by Thomas 
W. Cooky of Huntsville. A year later Ira H. Cook became 
associated. This firm continued up to November^ 1856, 
when Charles I. Barker undertook the management of the 
paper for about two years. It was afterwards conducted by 
O. C. Willets, F. M. Randall and Fleming T, Luce, in 
whose hands it ceased to exist in 1872. 

In 1868 the Anderson Plain Dealer was started by Wil- 
liam E. Cook. It was afterwards conducted by Edwin 
Schlater, George D. Farrer and William C. Fleming. 

In 1870 the Anderson Democrat was started by William 
C. Fleming. It was afterwards conducted by Charles Zahn 
and M. Y. Todysman. It is now under the management of 
Todysman & Pyle. 

About the year 1860, J. F. Henry again became associ- 
ated with the Anderson press, and continued about two 
years, when J. C. Hanson took charge of the paper. It 
soon passed into the hands of J. O. Hardesty, and assumed 
the name of the Anderson Herald, which has become a 
household word in the county. It was conducted by him 
for about three years, when Stephen Metcalf became associ- 
ated with the firm. This firm continued one year, when 
Mr. Hardesty retired, in August, 1873. Mr. Metcalf is now 
sole owner and proprietor. 

Since the above was written, the following, from the pen 
of P. H, Lemon, was received : 

Indianapolis, Oct. 17, 1874 — 2 o'clock a. m. 
S. Hardin, Esq., 

Markleville, Madison County, Ind.: 

Dear Friend: Your favor of the 25th ultimo was 
received by me some days ago, and but for my vocation, 
which has required my entire time, should have answered 
yours at an earlier moment. 

In reterence to your inquiry for information in r^ard to 
the history of the press in Madison county, I will furnish 
you (from memory alone, as I have no written memoranda 
to aid me) all that I can in the case, namely : 



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MADISON COUNTY. 123 



In March| 1841| when J settled in Madison county^ there 
was being published at Anderson a weekly newspaper^ called 
the Atheneum^ edited by a Mr. Sims. It was a literary 
paper, I remember, and advocated the science of Phrenol- 
ogy, which at the time was ^'agitating the public mind^^ 
somewhat. I recollect it was publishing a series of letters^ 
from the pen of Prof. Samuel K. Hoshour, a minister of the 
gospel and teacher at Cambridge City, Indiana, then in his 
prime. I^id letters purported to be written ** by a friend 
in the Orient to a friend in the Occident,^^ and nearly every 
word in which they were written was a "jaw-breaker.'^ 
The object of the Professor was to attract the attention of 
his readers to the use and meaning of words in our language. 
He is now living in this city, and, although advanced in 
years, is one of the Professors in the Northwestern Christian 
University. 

But excuse my digression. The Atheneum was short- 
lived. It was in advance of the civilization in Madison 
county in those pioneer days, and for want of sufficient pat- 
ronage it died early. 

About the same time, I think, there was a small weekly 
newspaper published in Anderson, called the Madison 
County Journal, by one Gardner Goldsmith, a very little 
man in stature, a printer by trade. I can not, at this dis- 
tant day, vouch for what I have said of such a paper. 

In 1848, John Q. and William L. Howell, brothers, 
brought a press from Marion, Grant county, Indiana, and 
began the publication of the True Democrat. Both these 
gentlemen were printers, but neither of them could edit. 
They employed me to write their editorials ; I was, in fact, 
the brains of the paper, if it could be said it had any of 
that ingredient. My name did not, however, appear " at 
the h«id of the editorial column f the " publishers and 
proprietors '' stood responsible for all libelous matter that 
might drip from my prolific pen. But no lawsuits, per 
consequence, were ever instituted. 

The next year, 1849, Dr. Townsend Ryan and myself 
purchased of the above named the aforesaid press, fixtures^ 



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124 HISTORY OF 



«tc., together with the " good will ^^ of the proprietors, which 
last was a good deal (" in a horn ^^), as the sequel subse- 
quently verified. 

We threw our Democratic banner to the breeze, under the 
firm name of " Lemon & Ryan,'^ — the Doctor, however, 
simply being a nominal party, to give prestige and credit to 
"the concern. We changed the cognomen of the paper from 
the True Democrat to the Weekly Democrat, an^ set sail on 
the great political ocean, with our sails all spread, antici- 
pating a prosperous and profitable voyage. But, alas ! we 
little dreamed that in one short year our noble and gallant 
craft would be doomed to shipwreck on the rocks and reefs 
of the political archipelago! 

The Democracy of Madison county being at that period 
in the majority, and having the only " organ ,^^ we got along 
swimmingly for a time. Politics ran high, and as editor I 
fanned the flame that made the political cauldron boil and 
bubble. I kept our political opponents in a constant broil; 
said many things I now would be glad I never had said. 
When we gained a Democratic victory, I would display our 
rooster and cannon in the paper, with doggerel and com- 
ments calculated to irritate and worry the Whigs. I remem- 
ber the canvass of 1848 (when I was editing the True 
Democrat). Evan Ellis was pitted against Robert Newell 
Williams for the House of Representatives of our Legisla- 
ture. Ellis was the Democratic candidate and Williams 
the Whig candidate ; Ellis a farmer and Williams a lawyer. 
The race was bitterly contested. Ellis, however, finally 
triumphed, but with only thirty-two majority. Still, it was 
a victory, and I put my game chicken at the head of a 
'* double leaded ^^ column, and began my doggerel chant in 
this wise : 
'* Let Chanticleer proclaim the day from every towering 

hight. 
That Democracy has gained the day and put Whiggery to 
flight,*' etc., etc. 

Horace Greeley never felt larger than I did when occupy- 



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MADISON COUNTY. 125 



ing the " tripod^^ of the True and Weekly Democrats. I 
see the matter in my old days in a diflferent light, without 
such vanity. 

In 1850 the Weekly Democrat died of a broken heart, 
and I ceased to be a " little one-horse country editor.'^ 
The Anderson Grazette followed, edited by Dr. James W. 
Mendenhall, a young man of some parts. It was neutral 
in politics. Afterwards one J. Fennick Henry, I believe 
(the ugliesi man in town), took the Gazette and turned it 
into a Simon-pure Democratic sheet. Then afterwards I 
think it was bought by Charles J. Barker, who run it some 
time under its old name in the interests of the " unterrified 
Democracy^' of Madison county. Following the Gazette 
sprang up the Democratic Standard, under the auspices 
of a cracked-brained fellow by the name of Thomas W. 
Cook. Not long from that time the Whigs, or " People^s 
Party,^^ started the Madison County Republican, under 
the management and editorship of Mr. Wm. H. H. Lewis,, 
a practical printer and very clever gentleman. Then later 
the Plain Dealer appeared, but had, as I learned, a very 
brief existence. I was living here when it was running.^ 
I believe I have omitted another paper, the exact name of 
which I have forgotten, published by one Luse, in the inte- 
rest, also, of the Democracy. The Herald, also, I had 
omitted to mention, started and edited by one John O. 
Hardesty, alias " Red Hot,^^ who sold it out and came to 
this city and started the Sun. Hardesty was a violent 
'^ Black Republican.^^ The Sun, as to him, has risen and 
set for the last time. 

This hasty and imperfect sketch, now already too long, 
is all I can think of in relation to the " Press" of Madison 
county. In many particulars you may be able to justify it 
from other sources. I did hope to find time to write you 
up some other matters—'^ incidents and anecdotes" of the 
early judiciary of your county, but business will prevent. 
Hoping you may gather from all sources enough to make 



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126 HISTORY OP 



your " History of Madison County^^ an interesting volume 
to the reader^ I remain^ i/^ith esteem^ 
Yours truly, 

PETER H. LEMON. 



SYNOPSIS OF THE SUNDAY SCHOOLS. 

Bblow we give a glance at this organization. The time 
has been when the propriety of Sunday Schools was doubted, 
and some contended that they were not only useless, but 
productive of harm. That day has passed; and we now 
point with pride to their noble work. The Church may 
well say, " These are our helpmates ; these are our nurse- 
ries,'^ in which are prepared and trained vines that will 
flourish and adorn our vineyard in the future. 

The work within our county has been successful. Schools 
have multiplied and increased until we have sixty schools 
in good working order, with an aggregate attendance of 
three thousand two hundred, whose merry voices are heard 
in songs of praise every Sabbath day. Let no one say that 
this is not better than hunting, fishing, and desecrating 
God's holy day. 

Beside the above schools we have a '* County Sunday 
School Union,'' which has been organized over five years, 
and has held quarterly, semi-annual, and now annual meet- 
ings, which have been universally attended with interest. 
Their influence for good has gone out, and to-day the work 
of the Sunday School is not regarded as an experiment, but 
a living test of what was at one time regarded as of little 
or no importance. 

The mode of teaching has been improved until it is 
almost reduced to a system. With the *^ Uniform Lesson 
Leaves," teachers' meetings, and other helps that have been 
introduced as the times have demanded, the work has been 
made more efficient and successful. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 127 

ORGANIZATION 

OP THE 

MADISON COUNTY SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION 

IN JUNE, 1869. 

The Indiana Sunday School Union met in Convention at 
Richmond. 

When the delegates from this county were called upon for 
a report, they answered " that Madison county had no organ- 
ization, but that it should be organized/^ and to aid the sanie 
the delegates then elected J. W. Bomgardner, President, and 
R. C. Stone, Secretary, of the embryo organization. Arrange- 
ments were perfected and a Convention called at Anderson, 
September 8th and 9th, 1869, which proved successfiil beyond 
the expectation of the most sanguine. The Union was 
organized and the following officers elected: 

President— R. N. Clark. 
Becording Secretary— W. R. Myers. 
Corresponding Secretary— H. D. Thompson. 
Treasurer— S. C. Martindale. 

VICB-PBBSIDEiraSi. 

Anderson township— J. T. Smith, Mrs. James Hazlett, Mrs E. B. 
Holloway and Mrs. Wm. Brown. 
Adams — Morris Gilmore. 
Boone— D. G. W. Smith. 
Duck Creek— D. H. Clymer. 
Fall Creek— J. W. Hardman. 
Green— Burrell Williams. 
Jackson— T. L. Beckwith. 
Lafayette— Edward Ross. 
Monroe — N. O'Bryan. 
Pipe Creek — ^Wm. Suman. 
Richland— Jdm Mattos. 
Stony Creek— Wm. V. Shanklin. 
Union— John E. Corwin. 
Van Buren— Mr. Williams. 



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128 HISTORY OF 



LIST OF DELEGATES. 

AKDEBSON 

M, E, Sunday School. 
R. N. Clark, Edward Bowden, 

J. T. Smith, Belle Mattox, 

W. R. Pierse, A. J. King, 

J. C. Lucas (colored), Mrs. W. R. Pierse,. 

Rebecca Hoff, E. B. Holloway, 

R. H. Sparks, Annie Con well, 

Annie Cain, Mattie Cross, 

Mrs. Edgerly, A. Taylor, 
Katie Clark. 

Presbyterian Sunday School. 

Mary Myers, Lue Silvers, 

J. R. Silvers, Mrs. Geo. Nichol,. 

Mrs. James Hazlett, Jennie Robinson, 

A. S. Reid. 

PENDLETON. 

, M. E. Sunday School, 

J. W. Bomgardner, E. M. Baker, 

A. B. CorroU, M. Corroll, 

J. W. Hardman, Laura Brathane, 

Jennie Ebright, M. J. Carter, 

S. B. Adkins, H. Beans, 

M. Chapman, jr., Delia Clark, 

A. M. Bomgardner, W. A. Bomgardner, 

W. P. Baker, I. N. Zenblin, 

E. 0. Chapman, R. R. Hollowbash, 

Joseph Stephenson, Josephine Stephenson,. 

A. S. Hardman, James Silver, 

Mrs. Hienes, Mattie Cottey, 

Nora Chapman, Deda Walker, 

Sallie Huff, Fannie Beans, 

J. H. Hicks, Ward Cook, 

Jennie Silver, Lou. McKee, 

J. C. Wiseman, J. 0. Hardy, 

E. 8. Hardy, J. W. Lewark, 
M. Todd.] 

Union Sunday SchooL 
Amanda Silvers, O. W. Brownback^ 

John Lindsay, Mrs. Darlington, 

J. T. Jones, David Bausman, 



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MADISON C50UNTY. 129 

PLEASANT VALLEY. 

if. E. Sunday Sehool. 
Dora Baker, Sarah Baker, 

Clara Eerr, Mary Shanklin, 

N. Anderson, Ross Anderson, 

J.V.Kerr, W.A.Baker, 

M. E. Eerr, Lou. Shanklin. 

WEST UNION. 

Union Sunday SchooL 
William Huntsinger, James Huntsinger,. 

Sarah Prather, Rebecca Prather, 

Prather, Andrew Samuels,. 

James Prather, James Foster, 

N. Samuels. 

Friends* Firat-Day Sehool, 

Benjamin Rodgers, Jno. Samuels,. 

W. V. Shanklin. 

FISHERSRU^a. 

if. E. Sunday Sehool. 
J. R. Odere, James Woodward,. 

Samuel Busby, E. M. Jones, 

Thomas Aldred. 

HUNTSVILLE. 

Union Sunday Sehool. 
Mattie Bradford, J. G. Cook. 

MENDEN. 

if. E. Sunday School, 
W. F. Hardy, M. S. Hardy. 

PORTVILLB. 

M, E, Sunday Sehool, 
S. T. Stout. 

ELWOOD. 

if. E, Sunday Sehool 
J. W. McMahan. 

FOBBSTVnXE. 

M. E. Sunday SehooL 
S. W. McMahan. 

INDIANAPOLIS. 

M. E, Sunday Sehool^ 
R. L. Lukins. 



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130 HIBTOKY OF 



PROCEEDINGS. 

The Madison County Sunday School Union met at its first quar 
terly meeting in the M. E. Church at Pendleton, 2 o'clock p. m., 
December 8th, 1869. 

The convention was called to order by the President, R. N. Clark, 
the Rev. E. M. paker conducting the devotional exercises, the special 
subject of prayer being " Our Convention." 

The Recording nor Corresponding Secretaries neither one being 
present, J. T. Smith was elected Secetarry pro tem. 

The convention proceeded with the enrollment of delegates. (See 
the list at the end of these minutes.) 

The President then appointed the following committees . 

On Finance — I. N. Zenblin, «h Coor, and Martin Chapman. 

On Publication— J. T. Smith, J. R. Silver, and J. W. Bomgardner. 

J. W. Hardman was then elected Assistant Secretary pro tem, after 
which the townships were called, and answered as follows : Ander- 
son, Boone, Fall Creek, Green, and Stony Creek. The remaining 
nine, not being represented on the first day, the calling of townships 
for reports was dispensed with until the next day. 

The Convention then proceeded to discuss " The relation of the 
Pastor to the Sunday School, and his duties therein," opened by J. 
R. Silver, Esq. 

The discussion was then followed up by Rev. E. H. Sparks, Rev. 
Odem, Rev. E. M. Baker, Rev. S. T. Stout, J. T. Smith, and J. W. 
Bomgardner, all agreeing that the relation of the Pastor to the Sun- 
day School is nearly the same as his relation to the church, although 
it is not thought to be his duty to superintend, yet he should always 
be present to assist and advise the Superintendent when needed, and 
instruct and exhort the school as opportunity offers, remembering 
that when Jesus said to Peter, " Feed my sheep," he also said, "Feed 
my lambs." 

The Convention then sang "The Water of Life," on sixteenth page 
of "Fresh Leaves," which was followed by a question drawer, 
answered by Rev. R. H. Sparks. At. 4:40 the Convention adjourned. 

EVmriNG SISSSION. 

Children's Meeting. Devotional exercises conducted by Rev. S. T. 
Stout. 

Rev. N. H. Phillips had been selected to address the children, but 
failing to be present, Rev. R. H. Sparks occupied the time, taking as 
a foundation the sentence, " God is good," demonstrating the same 
by the growing grass, the opening flower, the falling rain, the rippling 
brook, and lastly by the death of Christ. 

After singing a song. Rev. S. T. Stout spoke for a short time, on the 
protection of Sunday Schools, and was then followed by Rev. Oden ; 
discussing the question, " what was I made for ?" 

At 8:30 Convention adjourned. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 131 



MORNING SBSSION. 

Thursday 9th, 9:15 A. m. Prayer by Rev. A. S. Reid. 

Then followed reports from townships, viz : 

Anderson—Reported by J. T. Smith. Has six Sunday Schools in 
successful operation, with about ninty-three officers and teachers, and 
five hundred and thirty-two scholars. Total in all the schopls about 
six hundred and twenty-five. 

Adams — Reports no school. 

Boone—Reported by S. W. McMahan. Has two schools, one con^ 
ducted by the M. E. Church and one by the United Brethren. Offi. 
<;ers and teachers, eighteen ; scholars, one hundred and thirty-three. 
Total both schools, one hundred and fifty-one. 

Duck Creek — No report and no school. 

Fall Creek — J. W. Hardman. Has five schools in successful opera- 
tion, with officers, teachers and scholars, in all about five hundred 
and twenty-five. 

Greene—J. V. Kerr. But one school, now in operation, with nine 
ofl&cers and teachers ; thirty scholars. Total, thirty-nine. 

Jackson — No report, but said to have two schools. 

Lafayette — No report and no school. ~" 

Monroe— No report, but has one school. 

Pipe Creek— J. W. McMahan. Has five schools ; two conducted 
by tiie M. E. and two by the Christian Church, with a tot^l number 
belonging to all the schools of about three hundred and seventy- 
five. 

Richmond no report and no school. 

Stony Creek— Rev. Oden. Two schools ; officers and teachers, 
about twenty ; scholars, about one hundred seventy-five. Total one 
hundred and ninety-five. 

Union — No report, and no school. 

Van Buren — No report and no school. 

The above reports are not presumed to be entirely correct, but as 
nearly so as we can now make them. They show that out of ihe 
fourteen townships of the county, but seven were represented, and 
six have no schools at this season of the year. The other eight have 
twenty-four schools, to which belong about two hundred and fifty 
officesi and teachers, and 1,850 scholars. Total, 2,100. There are 
enrolled in the county, for common school purposes, between six 
and twenty-one years of age, 7,129, and one fourth in our Sunday 
Schools are under six and over twenty-one, which added, make in 
our county, that ought to be in the Sunday Schools, 8,911. 

The reports show that our schools average less than ninty, which 
fihows the necessity of organizing at least seventy-six new schools, 
which should be, and with proper effort can be, done before the 
next meeting of this Union. 

The Convention then proceeded to the discussion of the question; 



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132 HISTORY OP 



" Why am I a Teacher ? " Each teacher then wrote his answer to the- 
question. The same being gathered up and after a brief discussion 
by Rev. R. H. Sparks, the answers to the question were read by the 
Secretary, some of which were as follows : " Because I feel it to be 
my duty ;** " Because I want to lead children to Christ ; " " Because 
I want to do all the good I can, and think this the best field for me- 
to work in ; " " Because I love Jesus," etc., etc. 

This was then followed by a very ii^resting and impressive Bible 
lesson, given by Miss Annie Conwell, arranged and placed upon the 
blackboard as follows : 

Lesson— John xvi, 1-13. 

Golden text — *iJ will not leave you comfortless: I will come- 
again." Jesus. 

Central thought— The gift of the Holy Ghost and His work in the 
heart. 

Topics : 
I 1st. The comforter promised. 

2d. The safe guide. 

3d. The competent teacher. 

4th. The witness for Jesus. 

5th. The reliable testimony. 

In the course of the lesson the teacher referred to the following 
scriptures under their appropriate heads : 

Ist. Romans, 8-14. 

2d. Isaiah xlix, 10-63 ; x, 14. 

3d. 1 Corinthians ; II Corinthians x and xi ; I John, ii, 27 ; Isa- 
iah Ixviii, 17. 

4th, Acts V, 32 ; Ezra xxxvi, 27. 

5th. I John iv, 1, 2 and 3. 

J. T. Smith then gave a blackboard lesson, first calling attention to 
the use of the board, which must vary with circumstances, but the 
lesson should always appear on the board, so all can see where it is 
without inquiring, and generally the board should contain the golden 
text and central thought. He then called attention to the board (see 
above) and had the Convention repeat the golden text in concert. 

Quite a number of other illustrktions were given, which can not be 
introduced here, for want of space. 

I. N. Zenblin being called away, Jos. O. Hardy was \appointed in- 
his place on the Committee on Finances. 

12 M., adjourned. 

AFTBRNOON SESSION— SECOND DAY. 

Met, 2 o'clock, p. m. 

Devotional exercises, conducted by Rev. S. T. Stout. 

Then followed the discussion, " How to increase the spiritual inter- 
est in the Sunday School," opened by Rev. S. T. Stout, and partic- 
ipated in by Rev. E. M. Baker, Rev. Oden J. R. Silver, J. T. Smith,. 
W. R. Pierse and Rev. A. S. Reed. The means recommended are 



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MADISON COUNTY. 133 



prayer system, qualified Christian teachers, and direct individual 
; application to each scholar. 

Mrs. E. B. HoUoway had been selected to teach an infant class at 
this hour, but was unable to attend, and J. T. Smith occupied the 
4ime in giving an object infant lesson, illustrating the characteristics 
of a good and a bad heart— the first being soft, warm and alive ; the 
second being hard, cold and dead. And at the close the question 
drawer was again introduced, and answered by Rev. R. H. Sparks. 

Adjourned, 4:30 p. m. 

EVENING SESSION. 

Met at 6:30 p. M. 

Devotional exercises conducted by Rev. R. H, Sparks. 

The question, "How to retain our young folks in the Sunday 
School,'' was then discussed, Rev. A. S. Reed opening the discussion 
who was followed by W. !R. Pierse, R. H. Sparks, E. M. Baker and 
J. W. Bomgardner. J. T. Smith then gave an object lesson, illustrat- 
ing the text, " Ye shall know them by their fruits." 

The Finance Committee took up a collection, asking for twenty dol- 
lars, which was promptly raised. 

It was then decided that the next meeting of this Union should be 
iield at Elwood, on the last Tuesday and Wednesday of May, 1870. 

The following resolution was then passed : 

Besolvedf That the members of this Convention tender to the citi- 
vzens of Pendleton their sincere thanks for the very hospitable man- 
ner in which the delegates have been entertained. 

The President then addressed the Convention for a short time, 
urging on every Sunday School worker, and especially on those who 
have pledged themselves to work for the cause, the importance of 
buckling on the armor and going to work in earnest, and not ceasing 
until every neighborhood in the county has a good Sunday School. 

After a general shaking of hands the Convention adjourned. 



-BECOND ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SUNDAY SCHOOL 

UNION. 

The Second Annual Convention was held in the Christian Chapel, 
Anderson, November 1st, 1870. 

At this meeting twelve townships were represented, as follows : 

Boone, three schools—ofl&cers, teachers and scholars 150 

Adams, two schools — oflBlcers, teachers and scholars 85 

Pipe Creek, 7 schools— officers, teachers and scholars 700 

Anderson, nine schools— officers, teachers and scholars 800 

Stony Creek, five schools— oflBlcers, teachers and scholars 375 

Monroe, seven schools— officers, teachers and scholars 339' 



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134 HISTORY OF 



Dtick Creek, three schools— officers, teachers and scholars IW 

Bichland, two schools— officers, teachers and scholars 120 

Lafayette, five schools— officers, teachers and scholars 250 

Jackson, three schools— officers, teachers and scholars..... 200 

Uhion, one school— officers, teachers and scholars 50 

!Fall Creek, four schools — officers, teachers and scholars 300 

Greene, two schools — officers, teachers and scholars IflO 

Making a total of fifty-three schools, and three thousand six hun- 
dred and nineteen officers, teachers and scholars. 

The number of delegates present from the different townships wvis 
one hundred and fifty-six. 

Interesting remarks were made during the various sessions by 

Revs. W. H. Goode, R. H. Sparks, Joseph Franklin, OdeU, E. S. 

I^eston, D. D. Powel, J. Benny, James Hazlett, T. D. Ryan, J. 
'T. Smith, Jacob Schwinn, H. D. Thompson, Enoch McMahan, J. W. 
Bomgardner, Drs. Bowman, Cheever, Suman,, Mr. B. N; Clinrk,. 
IX C. Chipman, C. G. Mauzy, J. W. Hardman and Rev. R. McCaig. 

The following ladies and gentleihen were appointed on Finance, 
viz.: Mre. A. J. Makepeace, Mrs. Lafe Cross, Miss Allice Jones, Mr. 
H. D. Thompson, Mr. J. W. Bomgardner, Mr. S. C. Martindale. 
The Treasurer, S. C. Martindale, reported as having received....$17 58 
Disbursed for printing, postage, etc 17 60- 

Balance on hand 8 

A mount collected at this session 19 d^- 

Balance on hand $19 70^ 

The following were the officers elected for the Madison County 
Sunday School Union for the year ending September 20, 1871 : 

President — ^Townsiend Ryan. 

Recording Secretary— J. W. Hardman. 

Corresponding Secretary — H. D. Thompson. 

Treasurer— Uriah Bell. . 

Vice-Presidents — ^Van Buren, Lewis Ward ; Boone, Enoch McMa^ 
han; Duck Creek, Anthony Mi nnick; Pipe Creek, William Suman; 
Monroe, Jacob Schwinn; Richland, John Mathews; Lafayette, M. 
Clem; Jackson, A. F. Armstrong; Stony Creek, W. V. Shanklin^ 
Anderson, James Hazlett; Adams, C. G. Mauzy; Fall Creek, J. W. 
Hardman; Greene, Burwell Williamson ; City, Mrs. William Brown^ 
Mrs. E. B. Holloway, Mrs. George Nichol. 



THIRD ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SUNDAY SCHOOL UNIOIT 

The Third Annual Meeting of the County Sunday ^hool Unioft 
was held at Fishersburg, September 19th and 20th, 1871, at the M. £^ 
Church. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 13S 



The Pr<esident being absent, the Convention was called to order i at 
2 p. M., by Dr. Suman, of Pipe Creek. 

Sdng— "All Hail, the Power of Jesus' Name." 

Devotional exearoises by E. S. Preston. 

On the call of townships, the following responded : Anjderson^ 
Beone; Fattl Creek, Green, Jackson, Lafayette, Monroe, Pipe Creek 
Richland and Stony Creek. 

The address of welcome was delivered by W. V. Shanklin, and 
responded to by Jacob Schwinn. 

The following committee was appointed to revise the Constitution : 
J'. T.Smilii, J. W. Bomgardner, W. V. Shanklin and Jacob Schwiam 

On motion, a Finance Committee was appointed, as follows: W* 
V. Shanklin, Samuel Busby and E. N. Clark. 

BVBNIKO SESSION — 7 O'OLOCK, P. Mi. 

Devotional exercises by Jacob Huntsinger. 
Dr; Suman in the chair. 

Addresses were made by the* following: Mrs. J. W. Bomgardner^ 
Ri H'. Clark, J. T. Smitti and Wm. Suman. 

SECOND DAY. 

MORNINQ SBSSION— 9 A. M. 

After devotional exercises, the first thing in order was " Qualifica- 
tions of Superintendents." 

Remarks were made by S. E. Preston, R. H. Sparks and R.N, 
Clark. 

The next waa a Bible lesson, conducted by Dr. Ward Cook ; after 
which the reports of townships were called, and thirteen reports 
were read from the Secretary's desk. 

The following is the exhibit for the year ending September 19th, 
1871: 

No. of townships reported, 13 ; No. of schools, 56 ; No. of officers 
and teachers enrolled, 611 ; average attendance of the same, 426; No. 
of scholars enrolled, 3,711; average attendance, 2,776. Total, 4,322. 
Amount expended by the schools for books, papers, etc , $802.10. " 

On motion, the Convention went into the election of officers, with 
the following result: 

President— R. N. Clark. 

Vice-President— W. V. Shanklin. 

Recording Secretary— J. W. Hardman. 

Corresponding Secretary— J. T. Smith. 

Treasurer — M. S. Robinson. 



FOURTH ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SUNDAY SCHOOL 

UNION. 

The Fourth Annual Meeting of the County Sunday School Union 
was held in the M. E. Church at Pendleton, October 29th and 80th, 
1872. 



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136 HISTORY OF 



The GonvMition was called to order at 2 o'clock, p. m., by B. N. 
Clark, President. 

Devotional exercises, consisting of singing and prayer, at 2:20 p. m. 

Address of welcome by Charles L. Henry, Esq. ; responded to by 
J. T. Smith— both of which were able and interesting speeches. 

After a song by the Convention, the following question was pro- 
pounded : 

"What are the leading hindrances in your school, and what are 
you doing to remove them?" 

Answered by H. D. Thompson, Jacob Schwinn, W. V. Shanklin, C 
Hall, C. G. Mauzy, G. S. Jenkins, J. T. Smith, G. W. Miller and R. N. 
Clark. 

The Rev. W. M. Grimes spoke a few words of cheer to the Con- 
vention; saw nothing discouraging in the Sunday School work. 

Song—" Jesus will Carry me Through." 

Discussion— "What means should be used to interest the community 
more generally in the Sunday School work?" 

James Hazlett, who was to have opened the discussion, being 
absent, the subject was passed over. 

At 4:20, p. M., the question drawer was opened, and answered by 
J.'T. Smith, of Anderson. 

Song, and benediction by W. M. Grimes. 

EVENING SESSION— 7 P. M. 

Devotional exercises by Rev. J. C. Mahan. 

Song— "All Hail, the Power of Jesus' Name." 

The Convention was then favored with an address by J. H. Bayless, 
D. D., on ** Sunday School Work." 

Song—" Hold the Fort." 

The following were appointed a Committee on Finance : I. N. 
Zeublin, J. O. Hardy and J. R. Silver. 

R. N. Clark spoke a few moments, when J. T. Smith concluded the 
answers to question drawer. 

Song—" Hold the light up Higher, Higher," and benediction by J. 
H. Bayless, D. D. 

At 8:40 adjourned. 

WEDNESDAY, OCT 30, 1872. 

MORNING SESSION — 9:30. 

Convention met— President Clark in the chair. 

Devotional exercises. 

At 9:40 call of townships by the Secretary, and the following 
responded : 

Anderson, Adams, Boone, Fall Creek, Green, Lafayette, Monroe, 
Pipe Creek and Stony Creek. 

Question— " Should uniform lessons be used throughout the 
<jounty?" 



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MADISON COUNTY. 137 



Discussion opened by Rev. M. A. Teague, who opppsed to some 
extent the " Lesson Leaves " now used in the county, while J. T. 
Smith favored their adoption. 

10:25— An excellent address was delivered by W. M. Grimes, on 
'* Encouragement to Sunday School Workers." 

Song—" I Love to Tell the Story." 

11 o'clock — This time was set apart for the transaction of miscel- 
laneous business, when Bro. Smith read and answered a few questions 
from the drawer. 

11:30 — Song. Benediction by Rev. Geo. S. Jenkins. 

Adjournment. 

APTBBNOON SESSION. 

1:45— Devotional exercises by the President. 

Song— " I Will Sing for Jesus." 

2 p. M. — Annual Address, by President Clark, who, in a brief and 
clear manner, summed up the results of the year. 

2:20 p. M. — Election of officers for the ensuing year was set for this 
hour, and the following were chosen : 

President — H. D. Thompson. 

Vice President, North — Wm. Suman. 

Vice President, South — J. W. Bomgardner. 

Recording and Statistical Secretary— J. W. Hardman. 

Corresponding Secretary — Jos. T. Smith. 

Treasurer— C. L. Henry. 

Township Vice Presidents — Anderson, R. N. Clark ; Adams, C. G. 
Mauzy ; Boone, G. W. Smith ; Duck Creek, Anthony Minnick ; Fall 
Creek, J. R Silver; Green, G. W. Miller ; Jackson, A. F. Armstrong; 
Lafayette, James HoUingsworth ; !RJonroe, Jacob Schwinn; Pipe 
Creek, J. M. Overshiner ; Richland, Richard Thornburg ; Stony Creek, 
G. W. Sears ; Union, A. J. Richardson ; Van Buren, J. W. Thorn. 

3:00— Superintendent's Exercises. — Wm. Baker, Superintendent of 
the Fortville Sunday Schools, clearly and in an interesting way 
reviewed the four lessons for the month as arranged in the Berian 
Series. 

3:30— Discussion : "How to cultivate reverence in the Sabbath 
^Schools." Opened by M. A. Teaeue. Next in order was infant class 
lesson, conducted by W. M. Grimes, after which the Secretary made 
ihe following report for the year ending October 30th, 1872. 

Reports have been received from but few townships up to noon 
to-day — seven in all — as follows: Adams, Boone, Fall Creek, Green, 
Lafayette, Union and Stony Creek. 



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138 HISTORY OF 



Number .of schools in saxxie 31 

Kumbernot indUded in the'abore 4 

Total number reported ^ 36 

Number of scholars enrolled 3,469 

Number of officers and teachers 367 

Total enrollment 3,826 

Average attendance of officers and teachers 248 

Average attendance of scholars 1,849 

Total average attendance -2,097 

Amount expended during the year $462 3S 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. W. HARDMAN, Secretary. 

EVENING SESSION* 

7:00 F. M.— Devotional Exercises : Singing and prayer. An excel- 
lent address was delivered at this hour by G. S. Jenkins, on " Duty 
of Parents to Children," after which the Convention united in sing- 
ing " Keep on Praying." The Finance Committee reported a col- 
lection of $10.56. The following claims were presented and allowed: 

For printing programmes $6 00 

Amount allowed J. W. Bomgardner for expenses while attend- 
ing National Sunday School Convention 5 00 

Amount paid J. T. Smitii for expenses of Dr. Bayless 1 00 

J. T. Smith then answered questions in drawer. 

On motion of R. N. Clark^ a vote of thanks was tendered the citi- 
zens of Pendleton for their hospitality and kindness during the Con- 
vention. 

Convention united in sin^g **0, Tell the Joyful Story." After bene- 
diction the Convention adjourned to meet at Elwood April, 1873^ in 
seim* annual Convention. 

Attest: J. W. HARDMAN, 

Secretary. 



THE FIFTH ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SUNDAY SCHOOL 

UNION. 

The Fifth Annual Convention of the County Sunday School Union 
was held at Markleville, September 16th and 17th, 1873. 

Convened at 2 o^clock p. m., President H. D. Thompson in the 
chair. 

Address of welcome by J. F. Pierce. Responded to by J. W. Lov- 
ett, of Anderson, in a very appropriate speech ; after which the Pres- 
ident delivered the annual address. * * * 



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MADISON C50UNTY. 139 



On motion of J. W. HflrdmaH, the following were a|)rpointcAl a 
PinHnce Committee: B. L. Fnssell, Samuel Harden and Ralph 
THlliams. 

On motion of W. V. Shanklin a Committee on Kominations was 
appointed : W. V. Shanklin, R. H. Cree and L. D. Reger. 

After a song (doxology) and benediction, Conventioii' adjourned to 
meet at 7 o*61ock p. m. 

EYSlflKG Sl^ION. 

Convention met pursuant to adjournment, President Thompson in 
the chair. 

Song, by the Choir-—" We are Coming," under the leadership of 
Prof. George Brown ; Mrs. Meeks accompanying with organ. 

Devotional exercises by Rev. J. F. Pierse of Middletown. After 
which a very interesting discourse was delivered by Rev. Joseph 
Franklin of Anderson on the mottoi^ " Let us Work," and also on the 
progress of the Sunday School work. 

After singing several songs, and benediction by L. D. Regar the 
Convention adjourned. 

SECOND DAY. 

Wednesday Mornin(J, Sept. 17, 1873. 

The Convention was called to order by the President. Devotional 
exercises, singing ** Sweeping Through the Gates ** and prayer by the 
Rev. J. F. Rhoades of Perkinsville. 

Next in order was Sunday School lesson, conducted by Rev. J. F. 
Pierse, assisted by J. F. Rhoades, John Huston and Wm. V. Shank- 
lin ; after which the Convention sung " We Shall Meet Them Again." 

Disscussion.— Progress of the Sunday School in the United States, 
opened by A. E. Edwards of Anderson, in a very interesting speech 
of half an hour ; followed by J. C. Mahan. 

Song— ** Bright Forevermore," followed with speeches by J. T. 
Smith, J. F. Collier and H. D. Thompson. J. T. Smith proceeded to 
review the lessons of the last quarter, which was done in a very able 
and interesting manner. 

C<mvention sung " Open the Door for the Children;" 

Discussion.—" What has the Sunday School accomplished," opened 
by J. 0. Mahan of Anderson, followed by H. D. Thompson, Jae. 
I^hwinn and J. F. Collier. 

Next in order was Infant Class Lesson, conducted by Mts. Boher 
of New Castle, to a class of twenty-five. Thfi» was a very interestog 
exercise and listened to with great attention. 

A collection was made amounting to $9;35. Cony^ition then smg 
" I love to tell the Story." Then came question drawer whidi waa 
aiuiwered by J. T. Smith, occupying about fifteen minutes. 

Resolutibn of thanks was tendered the citizens of Markleville for 
the hospitable manner in which the members had been entertained 
during this Convention. 



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140 HISTORY OP 



On motioH of J. F. Rhoades the next semi-annaal meeting be held 
at Perkinsville in April, 1874, which was carried, and the following 
appointed a Committee on Programme : Jac. Schwinn, J. T. Smith 
4md Warren Cole. 
Convention sung ** Over in the Promised Land." 

Benediction by A. C. Edwards. 

Adjourned. 

EVBNINO SESSION — 7 0*CLOCK, P. M. 

Called to order by President Shanklin. 

Devotional exercises conducted by J. F. Rhoades. 

Song—" Sweeping Through the Gates." 

This session was held principally for speaking and the following 
iivailed themselves of tHe opportunity : B. Carver, G. W. Sears, J. 
W. Hardman, Mrs. J. F. Rhoades, Ralph Williams, A. J. Belph and 
Samuel Harden. 

President Shanklin then delivered his inaugural address, and the 
^Secretary made the following report : 

To the Madison County S. S, Union. Number of townships 
reported, eight, viz : Anderson, Adams, Boone, Duck Creek, Jackson, 
Monroe, Pipe Creek and Richland. 

Number of Schools reported, 42; number of officers and teachers, 
390; number of schools enrolled, 2,884; total membership, 3,274. 

Amount expended during year, $731.25. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. W. HARDMAN, 

Secretary. 

Convention adjourned to meet at Perkinsville as per previous 
^trrangements. J. W. H. 



THE ANNUAL SESSION OF THE MADISON COUNTY SUNDAY 
SCHOOL UNION. 

TUESDAY AFTERNOON. 

The annual Convention of the Sunday School Union of Madison 
county convened at Asbury Chapel, Richland township, September 
29, 1874, at 2 p. m. President Shanklin in the chair. In t];ie absence 
of the Secretary, Mr. Barney Carver was chosen Secretary pro tem« 

Devotional exercises were conducted by Mr. John Matthis. 
That soul-stirring song entitled " All hail the power of Jesus' Name,** 
was sung with so much earnestness that it told at once the interest 
manifested in the meeting. The address of welcome by Rev. R. H. 
Smith was in every way appropriate to the occasion, and it no doubt 
made the many who were from abroad feel that they were thrice 
welcome to the hospitality and the homes of the good people of Rich- 
land. The President's annual address, by W. V. Shanklin, was good 
and well received. That earnest worker, Howell D.Thompson, 
being present, was loudly called for, and promptly responded in his 
usual telling manner. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 141 

J. T. Smith, Jacob Schwinn, and John MatthiB were appointed a 
committee to draft resolutions on the death of R. N. Clark. 

Frank Watkins, D. Tappan, and N. O'Bryant were appointed a 
Committee on Finance. After a song the Convention adjourned 
until 7:30. 

EVBNINa SESSION. 

The Convention was called to order at precisely the time appointed. 
Rev. R. H. Smith offered a fervent invocation. In the absence of 
Rev. Wm. Van Slyke, Dr. Wm. Suman addressed the Convention in a 
few chosen remarks, and was followed by an address byH. C. Jordan. 
His remarks were to the point, and no doubt did much good for the 
cause. Adjourned until Wednesday morning at nine o'clock. 

THB MORNING ^SESSION 

was fully attended, with an increasing interest. Several new dele- 
gates and visitors {Irrived, while the community at large, generally 
speaking, were there. The President called the meeting to order 
and announced that Elder £. H. Clifford would conduct the devo- 
tional exercises. After reading a selection he offered a fervant invo- 
cation. Mr. H. C. Jordan gave a very interesting Bible Class lesson 
to supply the vacancy caused by Mr. Jonathan Noble's absence. 
After this Mr. Grimes came forward and said he was glad to meet so 
many Sunday School workers. Many of those who had met in con- 
vention last year had departed from earth and gone to the great 
Sunday School above. He welcomed those present as laborers in 
God's vineyard. A year of toil and labor was before them, but by 
God's aid they would succeed. 

Discussion. — " Importance of the Sunday School Work." Opened 
by Mr. D. C. Chipman, of Anderson. 

Call of Townships. — The reports show quite an increase over last 
year's labors. Yet while so much good has been done this year, a 
very great deal remains yet to be accomplished. The Committee on 
Nominations consisted of Messrs. Dr. Suman, W. M. Grimes and J. 
Schwinn. 

Adjourned for dinner. 

Now the people seemed to enjoy the full fruition of their hopes. 
The weather being favorable the preparations were complete for a 
good old fashioned basket dinner. A noticeable feature in this per- 
formance was the partiality of Mr. Grimes for "pumpkin pie." 
Should you be at a loss to know how to get him to the country, just 
whisper ** pumpkin " to him, and I assure you he will answer the 
summons with all desirable alacrity. 

FOURTH SESSION. 

Devotional exercises conducted by Elder W. S. Tingley. Music, 
" Morning Light is Breaking." Short addresses by Messrs. Smith 
and Grimes. Cornelius Quick, of Frankton, delivered an address. 
Review of the quarter's lessons, by Dr. William Suman, of Frankton. 



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142 HISTORY OF 



The question drainer was found to be full. Mr. Grimes, in his 
usual witty, humerous, yet perfect manner, promptly answered all 
the questions. 

The CJommittee on Resolutions presented a resolution on the death 
of R. N. Clark, which was unanimously adopted. A motion that 
when the Convention did adjourn, that it do so to meet at Alexan- 
dria on the last Tuesday and Wednesday, of September, 1875, wiui 
unanimously adopted. 

Committee to prepare programme : J. Schwinn, N. O'Bryant, J. 
Matthis and C. Quick. 

The following officers were unanimously elected to serve the ensu- 
ing year : 

President— Dr. T. Ryan. 

Vice President, South — H. D. Thompson. 

Vice President, North — ^John Hanna. 

Treasurer— Wm. Suman. 

Recording Secretary — S. Harden. 

Corresponding Secretary— Joseph T. Smith. 

VICE FBESIBEKTS. 

Adams— C. Mauzy. 

Fall Creek— Joseph R. Silver. 

Oreen— G. Miller. 

Stony Creek— G. W. Sears. 

Anderson — J. Hazlett. 

Union— W. Heath. 

Richland— Will. M. Croan. 

Jackson — Wm. Freeman. 

Pipe Creek — George Shipley. 

Monroe— W. Bell. 

Van Buren— Dr. littler. 

Boone— B. Carver. 

Duck Creeek — A. Minnick. 

Among the many visitors present, we noticed Mr. and Mrs. D. C 
Chipman and daughter, Mr. Jos. T. Smith, Mr. and Mrs. W. M* 
Grimes, Howell D. Thompson, Dr. E. H. Menefee, E. H. Clifford, 
Eld. Tingley, W. V. Shanklin, Mr. B. Carver, Mr. Palmer Thurston. 
Miss Nannie Thurston, Robert H. Cree, N. O'Bryant, Rev. Peck J, 
Schwinn, Evan Schwinn, Dr. Wm. Suman and daughter Josie, Cor- 
nelius Quick, Dr. J. Dillon, Miss Allie Shoen^aker, Peter Suman, Miss 
Saunders, Mr. H. C. Jordon and Mr. Osbom. 

Much good was no doubt accomplished by the Convention in the 
great work of the moral culture of the youth. 

May the good work go bravely on is the prayer of him who was 
once a Sunday school scholar. 



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MADJBON COUNTY. 148 



THE INDIAN MOUNDS 

Are situated in an open piece of woods in Union township^ 
midway between Anderson and Chesterfield^ north and in 
sight of the wagon road, and one-half mile north of the 
Bellefontaine railroad, on tne land of Fredrick Branenburg. 
These mounds are annually visited by pleasure seekers from 
different parts of the State. Many picnics and celebrations 
are held here. It is a beautiful place in May. An hour 
can be profitably passed here, seeing and reflecting. The 
query naturally comes up, When and by whom were these 
mounds built? The author does not propose answering 
either of these. One thing, however, is apparent : it has 
been many hundred years skice this vast work was done; 
for we find large trees, three and four feet in diameter, which 
have flourished, fallen and decayed upon the wall. It is 
said that the Indians who inhabited the county at the time 
of its settlement by the whiles knew nothing of their origia. 
The largest ol these mounds (for there are three) we will 
undertake a description of: It is of circular form, three 
hundred and forty yards in circumference. The wall is fif- 
teen feet high, with an open gap or space at the south, 
twenty feet wide, which seems to be a doorway, or place of 
ingress and egress. The interior of this wall is not scooped 
out, as one might suppose. There is, however, a deep trench 
extending along on the inside of the wall, leaving the cen* 
ter beautifully rounded up, being a little higher than the 
outer wall itself. It must originally have been very uni- 
form in its finish, as it still has this appearance. The trench 
above alluded to must have been at one time quite deep, for 
the annual dropping of leaves, decayed vegetation, washing, 
etc., must have filled it up materially. A few years ago a 
lew persons made an opening in the center of this mound, 
for the purpose of making some discovery, as the supposition 
had long existed that the remains of some ancient race lay 
buried here. The result of this undertaking seems to have 
confirmed the above supposition. 



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144 HISTORY OF 



In addition to what we have ventured to say, we wilf 
quote from a description given in^an early history of Indi- 
ana. It will perhaps give the reader as good an idea as 
anything we may say in regard to this matter, for we can at 
best but conjecture ; and for fear of saying too much, we 
will say but little. The author from whom we quote 
does not speak of these particular mounds, but what he 
says will apply to all throughout the State. He says : 
" Mounds, similar to those in Ohio and other Western States, 
are found in considerable numbers in this State ; but there 
are none that have attracted much attention, except three in 
the neighborhood of Vincennes. These at a distance resem- 
ble immense hay stacks, and on being approached, each 
appears to cover about an acre of ground, and to rise grad- 
ually to a point, probably from eighty to one hundred feet 
high. 

^* It is impossible to conceive, at the present day, for what 
object thf se immense piles were erected. Their situation is 
not such as to lead us to suppose that they were constructed 
for any purpose connected with war or defense, and as they 
were built without the aid of iron tools, it would not be sur- 
prising if, among a sparse population, thfeir erection required 
the labor of many years. 

*^ Human bones have been found in such as have been 
opened, and in some of them are strata of earth composing 
the mound which differ from each other and from the earth 
in the immediate vicinity. The different layers of earth 
were about a foot in thickness, and between them charcoal 
and ashes were found, in which human bones lay in a hor- 
izontal position. 

" From these facts it has been conjectured that when the 
monuments were erected, it was customary to burn the dead, 
and then cover the bones with earth, and that probably from 
time to time this process was repeated, until the mound was 
finished. Religious ceremonies and superstitious rites may 
also have been connected with these works. They are most 
frequent in the vicinity of alluvial bottoms, and where even 
in early times, the abundance of game and other advan- 



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MADISON COUNTY. 145 



tages would accommodate the most population. There are 
none of these works which cati not claim a great antiquity^ 
for the trees on them do not differ in any respect, as regards 
age, from those in the venerable forests around. While 
these memorials of an age long past are so distinct, the large 
establishment of the Jesuits, Quiteanon, and the various 
military works of thB State, formerly so imports^nt for 
defense against Indian hostilities, scarcely show any remains 
of what they once were. 

"On the bottom of Big Flat Rock, in the northwest cor- 
ner of Decatur county, is a mound about eighty feet in 
diameter and eight feet high, originally covered with trees, 
like the other forests around. An excavation was made into 
it a few years since. First, there was a mixture of earth, 
sand and gravel for one foot ; then dark earth, charcoal, 
lime and burnt pebbles were cemented together, so as to be 
penetrated with difficulty ; then a bed of loose sand and 
gravel, mixed with charcoal ; then were found the bones of 
a human being, in a reclining position, with a flat stone over 
the breast and another under the skull. Most of the bones 
were nearly decomposed, but some of tbem, and the teeth, 
were quite sound. From the size of such of the bones of 
the skeleton as remain, it must have once been of gigantic 
size. 

"A short distance from this mound is a much smaller one, 
which contains a great many skeletons. The mounds and 
other monuments that remain were constructed so long since 
that even tradition does not pretend to give any certain 
information respecting the people who made them.^' 



LIST OF HEAVY TAX PAYEES OF THE 
COUNTY. 

'ADAMS TOWNSfflP NO. 1. 

Booram, Gideon tax for 1873 $90 78 

Bray, Francis M. tax for 1873 55 74 

Biddle, James tax for 1873 62 24 

10 



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146 HISTORY OF 



Baker, John tax for 1873 $65 43 

Booram, John tax for 1873 94 26 

Collier, J. F. tax for 1873 49 17 

Crowell, Devault tax for 1873 52 13 

Clark, Wm. sen. tax for 1873 90 90 

Davis, John tax for 1873 76 91 

Davis John S. tax for 1873 87 57 

FALL CREEK TOWNSHIP. NO. 2. ^ 

Aimen, B. F. tax for 1873 $129 41 

Allen, Wm. taxforl873 62 GO 

Boston, John E. tax for 1873 210 70 

Brown, Elwood tax for 1873 100 16 

Cox, Wm. tax for 1873 :.. 82 41 

Crossley, Conrad H. tax for 1873 91 63 

Davis, Bailey tax for 1873 142 44 

Fussell, Joshua L. tax for 1873 54 95 

Garrettson, Joel tax for 1873 105 89 

Hardy, Joseph O. tax for 1873 122 13 

GREEN TOWNSHIP. NO. 3. 

Bock, Benjamin tax for 1873 $ 50 08 

Cottrell, Abram tax for 1873 84 52 

Faussett, John K. taxforl873 ; 93 10 

Huston, John tax for 1873 190 48 

Kinnamon, Hiram tax for 1873 161 29 

Pettigrew, John tax for 1873 117 90 

Pettigrew, Washington tax for 1873 125 10 

Shanklin, W. V. tax for 1873 ' 76 77 

Shaul, O. B. tax for 1873 69 77 

Scott, Thomas tax for 1873 178 20 

STONY CREEK TOWNSHIP. NO. 4. 

Bodenhorn, David tax for 1873 $ 69 84 

Busby, Samuel tax for 1873 71 49 

Conrad, David tax for 1873 65 08 

Gwinn, Harvey tax for 1873 : 66 00 

Huntzinger, Noah tax for 1873 69 49 

Millburn, Isaac tax for 1873 83 3» 

Schuyler, George tax for 1873 57 96v 



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MADISON COUNTY. 147 

Shaul, W. W. tax for 1873 $44 43 

McClintock, Daniel tax for 1873 73 10 

Woodward, W. sr. tax for 1873 , 44 51 

JACKSON TOWNSHIP, NO. 5. 

Anderson, Henry tax for 1873 $130 50 

Beckwith, Thomas tax for 1873 77 65 

Coy, Matthew tax for 1873 124 50 

Epperly, Joel, tax for 1873 118 ID 

Gill, Geo. C. tax for 1873 : 54 80 

Harless, James tax for 1873 94 60 

Kempt, Henry, tax for 1873 72 20 

Lee, John tax for 1873 60 05 

McClintock, A. P. tax for 1873 182 95 

Wise, Daniel tax for 1873 98 80 

ANDERSON TOWNSHIP, NO. 6. 

Allen, John tax for 1873. $ 82 7a 

Blacklidge, H. J. tax for 187^ 165 83 

Crim, William tax for 1873 130 la 

Davis, John (Judge) tax for 1873 .^. 149 84 

Eggman, E. taxforl873 ....T. 76 4a 

Franklin, Benjamin tax for 1873 72 38 

Goodykoontz, Daniel lax for 1873 130 80 

Hughel, M. E. tax for 1873 174 22 

Kindle, John Y. tax for 1874 70 69 

Lemon, Andrew tax for 1873 50 99 

UNION TOWNSHIP, NO. 7. 

Adams, John, tax for 1873 $ 46 85 

Brownenberg, Henry tax for 1873... J 92 05 

Brownenberg, Carroll tax for 1873 185 23 

Cummius, Henderson tax for 1873 95 69 

Dilts, Martin tax for 1873 88 09 

Hurley, Joshua tax for 1873 51 95 

John, Wm. tax for 1873 70 5a 

Makepeace, Ammasa tax for 1873 93 78 

Myers, Soloman tax for 1873 81 30* 

Shafer, Benjamin tax for 1873 96 09* 



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148 HISTORY OF 

ANDERSON CITY. 

Barnes, John P. tax for 1873 $ 92 68 

Hickey, John tax for 1873 65 14 

Hazlett, James tax for 1873 63 08 

McGraw, John tax for 1873 74 56 

McCulloiigh, N. C. tax for 1873 74 90 

Pence, Samuel tax for 1873 59 06 

Ryan, Michael tax for 1873 64 72 

Saunsberry, J. W. tax for 1873 97 22 

Swank, D. W. tax for 1873 91 72 

Westerfield, J. W. tax for 1873 136 62 

RICHLANI) TOWNSHIP, NO. 8. 

Adams, Robert tax for 1873 $235 00 

Black, McFarland tax for 1873 137 00 

Chambers, John H. tax for 1873 123 75 

Dillon, Joseph tax for 1873 75 86 

Funk, Joseph, sr. tax for 1873 88 77 

Forkner, Madison tax for 1873 101 00 

Garrison, Sims tax for 1873 100 28 

Holston, J. R. tax for 1873 96 71 

Heagy, Weems tax for 1873 102 22 

Vermillion, Chauncy tax for 1873 ! 84 61 

LAFAYETTE TOWNSHIP, NO. 9. 

Closser, James tax for 1873 $129 19 

Davis, John H. tax for 1873 -. 67 37 

Gooding, Lenox tax for 1873 79 56 

Kimmerling, Lewis tax for 1873 74 16 

Kirk, Wm. tax for 1873 134 15 

Peniston, Allen tax for 1873 57 89 

Roadcap, Henry tax for 1873 89 68 

Stanley, Jacob taxes for 1873 52 77 

Thomas, D. E. R. tax for 1873 88 63 

Webb, Miner tax for 1873 90 59 

PIPE CREEK TOWNSHIP, NO. 10. 

Barton, William tax for 1873 $146 29 

Calloway, B. F. tax for 1873 : 148 90 

Daugherty, J. M. tax for 1873 118 65 



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MADISON COUNTY. 149 

Etchison, L. D. tax for 1873 $85 9& 

Frazier, Jesse tax for 1873 102 40' 

Hays, John tax for 1873 50 60* 

Badwell, Ira tax for 1873 ; 77 75^ 

Kidwell, Milton tax for 1873 114 1& 

Little, Jacob tax for 1873 108 60 

Quick, Cornelius lax for 1873 90 55 

MONROE TOWNSHIP, NO. 11 

Bowers, David tax for 1873 $99 64 

Baker, Braxton tax for 1873 70 32 

Cree, Robert, tax for 1873 75 92 

Davis, Eli sr. tax for 1873 72 85 

Gordon, James taxes for 1873 80 70 

Hughes, William tax for 1873 53 70 

Hall, Jesse tax for 1873 \ 98 14 

Lee, James tax for 1873 113 97 

King, Daniel tax for 1873 94 67 

Tomlinson,N.E. tax for 1873 187 26 

VAN BUREN TOWNSHIP, NO. 12. 

Allen, Harrison tax for 1873 $ 97 09 

Creamer, Philip txx for 1873 57 10 

Heretage, W. E. tax for 1873 77 80 

Inglis, Alex, tax for 1873 54 76 

Thurston, Joseph tax for 1873 60 37 

Webster, R. W. tax for 1873.. 60 22 

Walker, James tax for 1873 51 29 

Zedaker, J. M. tax for 1873 54 14 

Williams, A. M. taxfor 1873 49 96 

Vinson, Wm. taxfor 1873 71 29 

BOONE TOWNSHIP, NO. 13. 

Ball, Stephen tax for 1873 $ 52 39^ 

Brunt, A. J. tax for 1873 183 95 

Dickey, Samuel G. tax for 1853 71 20 

Francis, Micajah taxforl873 57 56 

Greenlee, Wm. tax for 1873 65 02 

Jones, L. K. tax for 1863 58 35 

Keaton, A. taxfor 1873 75*9* 



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150 HISTORY OF ' 

Peters, E.H. tax for 1873 $51 82 

Sullivan, Jeff, taxes for 1873 69 73 

Thurston, J. F. taxes for 1873 59 10 

DUCK CREEK TOWNSHIP, NO. 14. 

Hancher, Hiram tax for 1873 $58 56 

Hedrick, Win. tax for 1873 133 32 

Minnick, Anthony tax for 1873 56 59 

<Jlymer, D. H. tax for 1873 43 68 

Noble, Jonathan tax for 1873 112 84 

Shafer, James tax for 1873 55 20 

Wann, Isaac tax for 1873 80 58 

Wright, Isidell tax for 1873 58 90 

Parsons, J. W. tax for 1873 \ 51 89 

McConnell, Jesse tax for 1873 48 26 



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MADISON COUNTY. 151 



[Prize Poem,] 

HOPE AND FAITH. 

Two ships have I, with masts of gold, 
And sappharine sails, fold on fold. 
The one with the tapering silver spars, 
That reach to Heaven beyond the stars — 
Is Hope. On her decks are crimson lights 
Burning forever thro' the days and nights. * 

The one with the tapering silver stem. 
Sailing from me to the hearts of men — 
Is Faith. On her decks, from stem to stem, 
Are crimson lights that will ever burn. 

4 Once they both sailed away from me 

With the ebbing tide, to the winter sea. 
They sailed away thro* the twilight gray, 
And it was night where it had been day. 
I sent for them on the -southern gales, 
And I sat and watched for their sappharine sails 
Till the winds blew cold and the soas ran high 
>, And other ships went sailing by. 

And the sailors came home from the sea in glee, 
But not one of my ships came back to me. 

And I wandered on, seeking all ; 

I heard but unheeded a low, sweet call. 

But once I sent for my ships again, 

And they came to me thro' the ways of men ; 

But their sails were torn and their decks were worn, 

For heavy and sad were the loads they had borne. 

But on their decks were jthe crimson lights 

Still burning thro* the days and nights; 

And Hope, with the tapering silver spars, 

That reached to Heaven beyond the stars, 

Sails on; sails on with a vague unrest 

Into the heart of every breast 

And Faith, with the tapering silver stem. 

Still sails from me to the hearts of men. 

And now they sail safely over the main. 

For never, ah ! never again 

Will they sail away from me 

With the ebbing tide to the winter sea. 

SOLOMON THOMAS, 
PXNDLBTON, Indiana, 1874. 



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162 HISTORY OF 



MADISON COUNTY. 

BY D. C. MABKLE. 

Sam Harden is writing a history 

Of Madison County, they say; 
And he offers as premium, a copy. 

Unto the best bard of the day. 

bur county we know is productive, 
In regard to oats, wheat, hogs and corn; 

But her poets, alas ! are so scat'ring, 
In fact, I believe they're not bom. 

You may write ^biographical sketches. 
And talk of the fame of the dead; 

Or sing all you please your love ditties: 
1*11 tell you what we have instead. 

Then first we have lots of " war-horses,*' 

Of a pusillanimous kind. 
Who run every year for some office, 

And " go it as though they were blind." 

We also have salary grabbers 
Who loan money at fifteen per cent; 

In advance they hint they would take it. 
Oh pshaw I will they never repent? 

We have Granges— a new institution ! 

We want reformation of late; 
They buy hogs for five cents of their brothers. 

And sell them for seven and eight. 

Still they want no men in the " middle," 
Would go to Congress themselves; 

Their bills might be like this poem, 
Either "tabled" or laid on the shelves. 

We have railroads, turnpikes and hydraulic 
With bridges both iron and wood; 

And coaches of every description, 
All of which are pronounced very good. 

We have schools both graded and common^. 

And teachers conducting them too ; 
Who do very well with their pupils. 

But visitors make them feel " blue^"' 



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MADISON COUNTY. 153 

We have institutes county and Normal, 

Where teachers are taught in a class; 
The first requisite there among youngsters, 

Is a goodly supply of the " brass." 

A word for our Superintendant; 

The people all like him as such, 
But some will look wise as they mumble, 

** I know he is costing too much." 

We have belles as fair as the fairest, 

And beaux as polite as ycm please ; 
But they all love to ride in " pa's carriage," 

And live every day at their ease. 

We have judges who sit on the benches, 

And lawyers that do as they please; 
They'll keep all your money they handle, 

like the monkey dividing the cheese. 

Well now a good word for the merchants: 

"They'll Ue," and they'll "chate," and they'll "stale." 
I tell what I've learned by experience; 

(We once offered dry goods for sale.) 

We have a few honest old farmers ! 

Poor souls I how they'll carry the swill ; 
Then drive their hogs straight to the market, 

And laugh in their sleeve, " What a sell I" 

I had almost forgotten the doctor ; 

He rides with a hearty good will. 
But before you can scarcely be buried 

He'll claim your estate for his bill." 

We have had a crusade by the women, 

On brandy, old bourbon, and gin, 
Which freed Anderson city from rum holes. 

And prevented a great deal of sin. 

We once had retailers of whisky. 

But since that " crusade" by the fair 
They have gone to Hades— or Chicago: 

I never inquired just where. 

Of course I respect all the preachers; 

They are very good teachers 'tis true. 
But I've seen some who smiled on the sisters 

A queer kind of— how do you do. 



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We have no Ward Beechers I reckon, 
But not a few Tiltons I'm told, 

Who risk their eternal salvation 
To fill up their coffers with gold. 

We have had a First National " break up," 
By men who wer^ up with the times ; 

They squandered their money in riot, 
And a great many other men's dimes. 

We have a small interest in Congress, 
That "grabbled" its thousands to use, 

But the reason we grumble about it, 
We can not step into their shoes. 

I believe I'll leave out the mechanics. 
Although a great many we spy. 

Who paste, paint, putty, and varnish. 
To cover their faults from the eye. 

We never speak ill of the miller. 
For he's always just ready to laugh ; 

He will grind out your grist in a jiffy. 
But manage to keep about half. 

The butcher I can not do justice; 

His steelyards you never see break; 
He will give you the neck or the shoulder 

At what he should sell you the steak. 

And last, but not least, we have babies, 
Methinks I have heard a few squall ; 

God bless the sweet creatures, we love them, 
For " mine are the dearest of all." 
Home, Oct. 10, 1874. 



MARCH OP LIFE. 

BY ALTiEN BOBAM. 

There's something in the march of life 
That calls fair scenes to view; 

That lays aside our worldly strife. 
And makes our hearts more true. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 155 

Bemembrance is the golden chain 

That links ns with the past, 
And binds us in one social strain, 

That nothing e'er can blast. 

Childhood days are here once more, 

Though years have passed away; 
Rembrance keeps them still in store, 

And makes us long for play. 

The dead are called to life again — 

How cherishing the thought. 
To see them here with us, as then, 
Unchanged and unf ergot! 

Thus we live o'er our lives again, 

In visions of the past; 
Clinging to all those happy scenes, 

Through eternity to last. 

And when our days are spent on earth, 

From toil and pain set free, 
We realize that worldly wealth 

Brings oft-times misery! 



Mabklevillb, Ind., Nov. 1st, 1874. 



MAY, 

Forever from the past unsought 
Be-echoes the rebounding thought; 
And often when departing day 
Looks back upon the face of May, 
I seem beside a rill again, 
As in the West I rested then 
To watch the waters in their play, 
Across a westward traveled way. 
The tiny ships of fairy braves 
Flashed in the sunlight on the waves, 
The dark green valley swept away 
Calm as the waters of a bay, 
And from the West on either hand 
Rolled in the heavy tide of land. 
The May was then as bright as flame. 
But passing then a fairer came, 



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166 HISTORY OF 



The chosen ideal name of one 
I saw before the setting sun, 
Go out from sight like visions when 
They vanished from the sight of men. 
One of an imknown happy band 
Who passed perchance to that fair land 
Where homes are free and prairies sweep 
Awakened from their winters sleep. 
They knew not the contending thought 
Then woven with my life for naught, 
The firm belief, the need to know, 
The will to wait, the wish to go. 
And often when the Western breeze 
Whispers among the forest trees 
It seems to me it knows full well 
Only it wiU noty must not teU, 

Pendleton, Ind., Aug. 15, 1874. S. 8. 



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MADISON CX)UNTY. 157 



OLD SETTLERS' MEETINGS IN MADISON 
COUNTY. 

These somewhat popular meetings throughout the State 
have been introduced into our county with good results^ 
binding together as it does the old and young in different 
parts of the county, keeping alive as it were the associations^ 
binding the past and the present. These reunions must be 
pleasant to those who are spared to enjoy them, and to recall 
the early toils and hardships. 

They seem, for a short season, to live over again, and to 
pass through the stirring scenes of times gone by. At this 
time, more than any other perhaps, they call up the events 
of that day, and no doubt the silent tears will flow as their 
minds wander to the turf which covers their fellow 
pioneers, and, it may be, the partners of their youthful 
days, when hopes ran high. At these meetings there must 
be the blending of joys and sorrows, which are calculated 
to make us better ; and I wonder that these meetings are 
not more g^enerally kept up, not only in our county, but 
throughout the State. The first meeting that I ever 
attended of this kind, was midway between Pendleton and 
Huntsville, in 1858. This meeting was ot unusual interest 
and well attended. 

Among those who participated in that meeting, the fol- 
lowing have since been called away : John Markle, Abel 
Johnson, Samuel D. Irish, John H. Cook, Conrad Crossley, 
Thomas Silver, and Isaac Busby. Since this meeting, 
numerous others have been held in different parts of the 
county. The one at Alexandria, in 1873, was perhaps, the' 
largest of any. The one at Perkins ville, in 1874, was also 
well attended. Following will be found an article taken 
from the Herald : 

OLD SETTLEES' MEETING. 

Perkinsville, September 17. 

To the Editor of the Herald : 

The Old Settlers^ Meeting at Perkinsville, on last Thurs- 



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158 HISTORY OP 



day, was a "high day^' for the old folks. Contrary to the 
general expectation, the day proved to be a pleasant one. 
The. meeting was held in Zellers^ Grove, adjoining town. 
Quite early in the morning the people began to come in, bring- 
ing their well filled baskets. The old folks looked happy in 
anticipation of what was to come, while the younger people 
were promising themselves a good time in listening to the 
reminiscences of the past, and especially to those connected 
with the early settling of Madison and Hamilton counties. 

At eleven o'clock the number assembled was quite large, 
at which time the meeting was called to order by M. 
Andrew McKenzie. General John D. Stephenson was 
elected President, and J. F. Rhoades,^ Secretary. Prayer 
was offered by Rev. A. Davis, after which the meeting 
adjourned tor dinner. The old pioneers seemed to under- 
stand this movement perfectly, and the way eatables disap- 
peared, and especially chickens, was almost wonderful to 
behold. At 1 p. m. the meeting was again called to order, 
to listen to the addresses. Rev. John W. Forrest came to 
the front and told what he knew about early times. 

At the close of Mr. Forrest's remarks, the Perkinsville 
Silver Cornet Band put in an appearance and entertained 
us at intervals with excellent music. Speeches were made 
by Judge Jonathan Colburn, James HoUingsworth, W. W. 
Conner, Noah Waymire, H. G. Finch, and T. L. Beckwith. 
Mr. Finch very gravely informed the neople that, in his 
judgment, the country would be better off without minis- 
ters or churches, etc. 

Many interesting anecdotes were related bearing upon 
the manners and customs of eanly times. Some things 
were related which sounded rather indelicate to ears polite. ' 

Various relics of bygone days were exhibited, and among 
them a shot pouch and powder horn worn by Mr. Fisher at 
the time he was killed by Indians. These were shown by 
Mr. William Roach, of Anderson. A permanent organiza- 
tion as an Old Settlers^ Society for Hamilton and Madison 
counties, was effected. T. L. Beckwith was elected Corres- 
ponding Secretary. The meeting adjoiirned to meet again 
one year from to-day. M. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 159 



THE MADISON COUNTY FAIR. 

The first feir held in the county was at HuntsvUle, about 
the year 1839. It was as a matter of course but slimly 
attended. But little stock, and that of the scrub order, was 
present. Among those who were interested in this fair were 
John J. Lewis, Isaac Busby, Conrad Crossley, William 
Roach and John H. Cook. 

This infant organization did not continue and the next 
we hear of a county fair was at Anderson in the year 1850. 
A piece of land was leased of John Davis one-half mile west 
of the city for a term of years where several successful fairs^ 
were held. Quite an interest was taken aud the stock had 
greatly improved since the Huntsville fair. About the year 
1855, the lease expired and the fair again went down. In 
the year 1867, the society was reorganized, a piece of land 
containing twenty acres and immediately north of the one 
described was bought and enclosed with a substantial fence. 
On this ground fairs have been held ever since. 

William Crim was elected President and served six years^ 
H. J. Bronenberg is now President, and E. P. Schlater Sec- 
retary. The average receipts yearly have been about $2,800; 
The premiums have been pdid and everything has been sat- 
isfactory. There are good halls and sheds suflBcient for all 
the demands, a commodious amphitheater, a good time track, 
etc. In connection with this we will give the report of this 
society to the Indiana Agricultural Society for the year 
1873, also, a full report of the premiums for 1874. 

" The sixth annual exhibition of the Madison county Joint 
Stock Agricultural Society, was held on the 2d, 3d, 4th audi 
5th days of September, 1873, in their beautiful grove of 
twenty acres, immediately west of and adjoining the city of, 
Anderson. 

We had very bad, stormy weather, until about noon of 
the second day, when the clouds commenced breaking away, 
and all nature was bathed in the glad sunlight. The ave- 
nues leading to the grove at once became animated with life,^ 



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160 HISTORY OF 



and the crowds wended their way to the grounds by the 
hundred. 

It was soon apparent that the exhibition of 1873, was 
destined to eclipse any former display, and prove itself to be 
the crowning success of the Society. The last exhibition 
gave such general satisfaction to its patrons that additional 
interest was awakened throughout the entire county, as Ytka 
shown by the fav.t that the sale of tickets this year exceeded 
that of 1872, by over one thousand. Upon the third day of 
the fair more than one-third of the entire population of 
Madison county were present upon the grounds. 

During last years' exhibition the directors became satis- 
fied that the number of the halls for the accommodation of 
exhibitors, should be increased, and accordingly a new hall 
was erected at an expense of over $500. This hall was 
devoted, in part, to the display of farm products, and a 
platform, 20x25 feet, built upon each side of the main 
entrance for the display and operation of sewing machines 
and musical instruments. The new hall was filled to its 
utmost capacity, and proved to be as great an attraction as 
was Floral Hall. 

Six sewing machine agents aspired to the red ribbon, 
whilst three styles and makes of organs competed for the 
first premium. 

Floral Hall was, as usual tjrowded with almost every 
imaginable article of ladies' handicraft. A prominent and 
attractive feature of the Floral Hall display was the large 
number of paintings in oil, executed and exhibited by ama- 
teur artists. All of the paintings exhibited unusual talent 
and skill, and-the thanks of the Society are due to the ama- 
teur artists fpr their countribution to the attractions of the 
hall. 

The entries in the live stock department were in excess of 
the previous year, and it was noticeable that many of the 
exhibitors were new men, who had never before entered the 
list as competitors. This fact was of the most encouraging 
* character, for the suceess of all our exhibitions, whether 
State or local, is mainly due to the interest which our farm- 
ers and mechanics manifest in them. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 161 

In the display of horses, cattle, sheep and swine, no finer 
•exhibition has ever been made in this county ; and if the inter- 
est in fine stock, already awakened among our farmers and 
breeders, is properly encouraged and fostered, not many 
years will elapse ere Madison county will be quoted as one 
of the best stock counties in the State. 

The mechanical department was unusually well repre- 
sented, not only by articles of foreign manufacture, but by 
the products of home labor and skill. Large and elegant 
displays of carriages, buggies and wagons attracted general 
attention. 

The products of the farm, the garden and the orchard were 
represented in almost every variety. The grains, seeds, 
potatoes, apples, pumpkins and melons exhibited on this 
occasion, would convince the most skeptical that Madison 
county was second to no other in the class and character of 
her productions. 

The premium list for 1873 amounted to $2,000, and pre- 
miums for the entire list were competed for, awarded and 
f)aid. 

At this exhibition the Executive Committee rigidly 
enforced the rules adopted by the Society relative to gamb- 
ling and the exclusion of intoxicating liquors. On every 
side printed placards met the gaze of visitors, " Gambling 
of every kind and character strictly prohibited.'^ 

The Society is out of debt, with a surplus of almost 
$1,200. 

The receipts for 1873 amounted to $3,114. The expend- 
itures, including new haU, repairs, etc., $3,123. 

In conclusion, anticipating changes in the management of 
the Society, the present officers look with pride and gratifi- 
cation upon the success achieved at their sixth annual, and 
trust that those who toUow them may be as earnest, watch- 
ful and devoted in advancing the interests of the Society as 
they have been. 

An organization has been built up of which our county 
and State may justly feel proud, and it behooves the Soci- 
ety to select as its guardians those only whose energies and 
11 



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162 HISTORY OF 



abilities will contribute still further to its advancement^ 
general prosperity and extended usefulness. 

EDWIN P. SCHLATEE, 

Secretary/* 



THE MADISON COUNTY FAIR. 



SBYBNTH ANNXJAIi SESSION. 



WHAT A HERAIiD BEPOBTER SAW. 



Third Day Thursday, Sept. 31 
Our last week^s report ended with Wednesday, the sec-- 
ond day of the fair. This morning the weather is clear, 
cool, and pleasant. The dust is deepening on the ground 
and thickening in the air. The managers had the track 
and principal roadway through the grounds sprinkled dur- 
ing the night, which makes getting about much more toler- 
able than it would have been otherwise. 

There is to be seen, in the stalls this morning, the finest 
lot of horses ever brought together in Madison county. 
Jerry Brown, of Muncie, has four head, two of which will 
be put on the track to-morrow. Jonathan Sutton has two- 
stable horses for general purposes. They are two years 
old, Madison county horses, and do much credit to our 
home representation. 

Mr. W. E. Tindall, of Greenfield, has nine head. One 
is a general-purpose horse, Norman blood, four years, blood 
bay, and weighs sixteen hundred. We have seen very few 
as good horses. There are two other Normans almost as 
good. 

John Huntzinger has a stallion of Morgan blood, entered 
for heavy draft and general purpose. He is a beau- 
tiful black and deserves well the consideration of the pub- 
lic. F. B. Keller has two — a young stallion and dam,. 
English Glory, well proportioned for draft and general 



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MADISON COUNTY. 163 



purpose. Color, dark roan. Samuel Parson has one two 
years old. Stock, Clydesdale. Weighs over a thousand, 
which tor beauty and symmetrical proportion is hard to 
beat. 

The last three mentioned are citizens of Madison county. 
Their stock is not inferior to that from a distance. Thomas 
J. Kimmerling has a three-fourths Norman blood. Took 
first premium for heavy draft. Aged four years. A beau- 
tiful dark iron dapple gray. Blood and pedigree unmis- 
takable, and is to be for future stock of Madison county. 

A. W. Ross, of Delaware county, has nine beautiful 
specimens of the swine, and from their docility we suppose 
they are not of the stock into which Mary's devils entered. 
Elijah Miller has five head from Delaware county. 

Joseph Heaton, of Delaware county, has on exhibition 
seven head not inferior to the best in the hog line. 

Benjamin Lukins has Poland and China hogs, twenty- 
two in number. He is from Stony Creek township, Madi- 
son county. His number is only equalled by the fineness 
of quality. Hogs to keep and hogs to sell. The utmost 
care is taken to make the appropriate crosses to insure the 
best development of the porkers. Orin Walker, of Fall 
Creek Township, has twelve head of Berkshire stock. He 
can boast of having the heaviest hog on the ground. 

Thomas Wilhoit & Son, Henry county, have four head of 
thoroughbreds, the quintessence of symmetrical beauty. 
His hogs will demand the careful attention of the judges- 

W. W. Boss, of Delaware county has five head of hogs*^ 

And now we find ourselves among the fine cattle. We 
have just come among the lords of the lowing herds,. 
Messrs. Wilhoit & Son's big bull. These gentlemen have 
seventeen thoroughbreds upon the ground. The patriarch 
of the tribe weighs 2,560 pounds. This herd is well known 
throughout the State, and the proprietors deserve the red 
ribbons which they carry away from every fair for their 
enterprise. 

Mr. James Jackson, of Wabash county, formerly of Mad- 
ison, shows eleven head of Short Horn cattle. The lord of 



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164 mSTORY OF 



the head, four years old, weighs 2,280 pounds. All thor- 
oughbred and pedigreed. Mr. Jackson manifested much 
taste in the selection and cross of his cattle. We have but 
one objection to him — ^he ought to be a citizen of Madison 
county. His stock ought to be developed from grass and 
grain grown with us. 

Mr. Lewis Gwinn, of Hamilton county, has nine head of 
highly graded stock, which compare favorably with the best 
on the ground. Mr. G. took all the premiums on his class 
of cattle. 

Back to the horses again. 

Mr. George Frampton, of Fall Creek township, has five. 
One light harness stallion, three light harness mares and one 
general purpose mare. 

John Lewark, of Fall Creek township, has two. One 
stallion, pedigree, Kentucky Whip, a beauiiful black, eight 
years old, hight, sixteen and a half hands, compares favor- 
ably with stock of his class. Also a gelding for light har- 
ness and general purpose. 

J. G. Trees, of Warrington, Hancock county, shows two, 
one a horse and the other a mare. Speed is their traits. 
Both young and of sufficient beauty to make a city dandy 
proud of such a team. 

D. P. Shawhan, of Rush county, has two for speed. 
Time, 2:45 ; trot. 

Helms, of Huntington county, has three horses noted for 
speed, all young, in fine trim for the turf. One pacer and 
two trotters. Best time of Hoosier Tom, 2:19, pacing. 
The others respectively are 2:51 and 3:02. 

Isaac Smith, aged seventy-seven years, with all the life and 
vivacity of a boy, has two horses, both of which are noted 
for speed. Their time is respectively 2:26 and 3:00. We 
like the old man for his spirit, snap and gentlemanly 
•deportment. 

L. V. Caldwell, of Henry county, shows two horses. 
Speed is their distinguishing characteristics; both trotters. 
Time respectively 2:34 and 2:30. Blue Ball stock ; good as 
the best. 



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MADISON COUNTY. I65 



Martin Dilts, of Union township, has one pair of fine 
mules and two Legal Tender colts. The latter two are fine 
animals. 

L. L. Lawrence, of Wayne county, has the champion grey 
and prince of stallions, aged six years, stock of the purest 
blood. Noted for speed and general purpose. Intended for 
stock raising business. Has a record of 2:41 J. Trotting 
is his only gait. We think him the most valuable horse Ott 
the ground. 

Our fellow townsiQan, Sam Pence, has five horses. The 
favorite is Dolly, of course. She has been making some 
pretty fair time this summer. 

R. H. Hunt has eight horses, six of which are noted for 
speed. He took third premium in the three-minute trot. 
One other took second premium in three-minute pace. All 
the remainder compare favorably with the best horses of 
like class on the ground. He has charge, also, of Mr. John 
E. Corwin's Midland Hambletonian, the best blooded stallion 
in Madison county. His pedigree is perfect. 

Q. Makepeace sports two match teams. 

Isaac Hodson has one noted for speed, took second pre- 
mium in pace. His horse is of Eclipse blood. ^* Blood wilL 
tell.^' 

Hosts of other horsemen with stock are on the ground 
and equally entitled to notice, among which we mention Mr- 
M. Black, with running stock intended for half-mile 
heats. 

Many others we could only see on the wing and failed to 
get account of the merits of their horses. 

Mechanical Hall is filled with representative material 
from the shops of Newman, Skehan. Wagoner & Fisher,. 
Raber & Co., and D. C. East & Co., in the trunk line. 
The latter deserve special notice, as they have introduced a 
new industrial enterprise in Anderson. Their work will 
compare well with the best material of the kind found in 
other markets. Give them a call. 

The old and reliable firm of Raber, Foland & Co., in the 
manufacture of cabinet work need never be ashamed to com- 



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166 HISTORY OF 



pare their work with any other in the State of Indiana. 
Young married men that wish to please a pretty wife, 
should give them a call. 

Jas. Quinn & Son have a fine exhibit of the far famed " Vic- 
toria Jump-seat Buggy .^^ There is mechanical skill here 
that does honor to Anderson and to the county and State. 
An appreciating public can not fail to reward such polished 
workman. Give them a eall, ye pleasure-loving young 
bloods. 

Elias Falkner & Son, are in the trade of buggies and car- 
riages. Their work is put up at Middletown, Ohio. They 
defy competion in cheapness and durability. The South 
Bend plow is on trial for premium. It has merit. 

The Miller Carriage Company are here in the happiest 
display of their art. From the number of ribboned vehi- 
des of their make, we presume they are in excellent humor- 
Hank Conrad is on the tapis with his work. It deserves 
well. Nearly everybody knows Hank as the honest Dutch- 
man. Good workmanship is his fort, honesty his boast, and 
faithful integrity his recommendation. 

It is remarked by my young friend that the present 
assemblage of citizens present the most respectable appear- 
ance of any that he ever witnessed. We admire the young 
man's taste and judgment. It is our opinion too. It is a 
happy thought that the race of professional roughs is grow- 
ing beautifully less. God speed the day when they are 
reformed or happily housed in eternity. The world is none 
the better for their having lived in it. 

A hay rake and loader patented by G. W. Kidwell, of 
EUwood, Madison county, June 2, 1874, has had the field 
test and does the work of five hands with the labor of only 
two. The patentee feels confident that his machine posesses 
-every advantage that is possible to gain in anything of the 
kind. 

FRIDAY, FOURTH AND LAST DAY. 

When in Art Hall on Wednesday, we overlooked some 
of its attractions that were pointed out to us this mom- 



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MADISON COUNTY. 167 



ing. Miss Bertha McCulloughy the accomplished daughter 
of N. C. McCullough, of this city, has on exhibition a fine 
-drawing, which is worthy of remark. The subject is an 
historical one, taken from an incident in Napoleon's retreat 
from Moscow. It represents an old soldier bending over 
his son, faint and weary, and shielding him from the rude 
winds and driving snow of that severest of Russian winters. 
The work is a very creditable delineation, and gives prom- 
ise of future excellence. 

Miss Anna Walden, daughter of our fellow townsman, 
Elijah Walden, has several pictures on exhibition. " The 
Ship Wreck," possesses considerable merit, and received 
profuse ecomiums, from the visitors at the hall, for its 
beauty and harmony of design, and naturalness of repre- 
sentation. 

In Floral (more properly agricultural) Hall, Mrs. O. W. 
Huston's family of birds adds much to its attractiveness. 

Out among the stock men again we find Mr. James L. 
Blacklidge, of Kichland township, with his handsome span 
of mules. Did we say " handsome ! '' Well, if it is pos- 
sible for a mule to be pretty, these mules are pretty. 

We might extend these personal notices much further, 
but the Fair, when this account reaches the eyes of the 
reader, will be a thing of the past. 

We have done what we could to bring to popular notice 
jsome of the most worthy things that we saw. Of coursei 
^very article, and every exhibitor's name, could not be men- 
tioned. 

Wherein we have failed to give satisfaction, remember 
^e difficulties of such an undertaking, and be lenient in 
^iriticism which — 

" If 'pen one canvass broad and high, 
Could be with painter's pencil hurled, 

That canvass hung unto the sky, 
Would with its margin sweep the world. 

W. A. HUNT. 



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PREMroM AWARDS. 



WHO TOOK THEM AND WHAT FOB. 



List of Premiums awarded at the Eight Annual Exhibi- 
tion of the Madison County Joint Stock Agricultural Soci- 
ty held at Anderson, Ind., September 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1874. 

LIGHT HARNESS HORSES. 

L. D. Caldwell, first .'. $10 00 

D. P. Shawhan, second 6 00 

SADDLE HORSES. 

Gus. Gliddon, first 10 00 

Joseph Heaton, second «... 5 00 

GENERAL PURPOSE HORSES. 

Stallion 4 years old and over, L. L. Lawrence, first 10 00 

Geo. W. Harris, second 6 00 

Stallion, 3 years and under 4, George Heath 5 00 

Stallion, 2 years and under 3, Wra. E. Tindall 5 00 

Stallion, suckling colt, A. W. Ross •. 3 OO 

Mare, 4 years and over, Joel Garretson, first, 10 00 

George Winton, second 5 00 

Mare, 3 years and under 4, Thomas Lemon 7 00 

Mare, 2 years and under 3, Wm. E. Tindall, first 6 00 

John Hickey, second 3 00 

Mare, sucking colt, T. B. Keller 3 00 

Gelding, 4, years and over, Sam. Pence, first 10 00 

W. H. Penistoli, second 5 00, 

Gelding^ 2 years and under 3, Wm. E. Tindall, 5 00. 

Pair matched horses or mares, Sam. Pence, first 15 00- 

Joel Garretson, second 6 00^ 

Pair roadsters, Sam. Pence, first 15 00 

Joel Garretson, second 5 00 

Yearling colt. Hutch Stanley, first and second 7 00 

HEAVY DRAFT HORSES. 

Stallion, 4 years and over, T. Kimmerling, first I.... 10 00> 

W.E. Tindall, second 5 00 

Stallion, 3 years and under 4, A. E. Russell, first 10 0Q» 

John Huntzinger second 5 00. 

Mare, 4 years and over, A. E. Russell, first and second 15 00k 

Mare, 3 years and under 4 ; A. E. Russell 10 00 

Farm team, A. E. Russell, first 10 00 

Brood mare and Colt, A. E. Russell, first 10 00 



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MADISON COUNTY. 169 



Joel Garrettson, second $5 00 

Gelding, 4 years and over, Wash. Black, first 10 00 

Sam. Pence, second 5 00 

S. McWilliams, second 5 00 

Stallion, 2 years and under 3, F. B. Keller, first 7 00 

W. E. Tindall, second 3 00 

Stallion, 1 year and under 2, A, E. Russel 5 00 

Mare, 2 years and under 3, W. E. Tindall, first 7 00 

George Saunders, second 3 00 

Sweepstakes— Stallion, any age or blood, L. L. Lawrence 15 00 

MULES. 

Pair mules, 3 years and over, O. L. Walker, first 7 00 

M. P. Diltz, second. 4 00 

Mule, 2 years and under 3, J. M. Blacklidge, first and second... 8 00 

Mule colt, under 6 months, S. McWilliams 3 00 

Pair matched mules, Greorge Heagy, first 5 00 

O. L. Walker, second 2 00 

Mule, 3 years and over, Martin Forkner, first 5 0(X 

George Heagy, second 3 Od 

Thanmghbred OaUU, 

JAMES JACKSON. 

Bull, 3 years and over, second : 15 00" 

Bull, one year, and under 2, second 7 00 

Bull calf, under 1 year, first 7 00 

CJow, three years old and over, first 20 00 

Heifer, 2 years and onder 3, first. ^ 15 00 

Heifer 1 year old and under 2, first 10 00 

Heifer calf, under 1 year, first 7 OOi 

Fat cow, second 3 00 

Herd of cattle 10 00 

Bull, with three calves 15 00 

Bull, any age or blood, first 10 00 

*Milch cow, any age or breed, second - 5 00- 

THOMAS WILHOIT A SON. 

Bull 3 years old and over, first 25 00 

Bull 2 years and under 3, first 15 00 

Bull, 1 year and under 2, first ^ 10 00 

Bull calf, under 1 year, second 5 00 

Bull, any age or breed, second « 5 00 

Cow, 3 years and over, second 12 OO 

Heifer, 2 years and under 3, second 10 00 

Heifer, 1 year and under 2, second 5 00 

Heifer calf, under 1 year, second 4 00 

Fat cow, first 5 00 



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170 HISTORY OF 



Qraded CaUle, 

LEWIS QWINN. 

Ball, 3 years old and under 4, first $8 00 

Bull calf, under one year, first 3 00 

Bull calf, under 6 months, first 2 00 

€ow, 4 years and over, first 7 00 

CJow, 2 years old, first 6 00 

Heifer,! year and under 2, first 4 00 

Heifer calf, first 2 00 

MBS. FBANCIS M. OTBBISH. 

Milch cow, any age or hreed, first 10 00 

Fine Wool Sheep. 

T. WILHOIT d SON. 

Buck, 2 years and over, first 5 00 

Buck, 1 year and under 2, first 8 00 

Buck lamb, first and second 4 00 

Ewe, 2 years and under 3, first and second 9 00 

Ewe lamb, first 3 00 

Long Wool Sheep. 

T. WILHOIT A SON. 

Buck, 2 years and over, second ; 3 00 

Buck lamb, second 1 00 

Ewe lamb, first 3 00 

OKIN L. WALKER. 

Buck, 2 years and over, first 5 00 

Buck lamb, first 3 00 

Ewe, 2 years and over, first... 6 00 

SoiUh Down Sheep. 

ISAAC N. HODSON. 

Buck, 2 years and over, first 5 00 

Buck 1 year and under 2, first 3 00 

Buck lamb, first and second 4 00 

Ewe, 2 years and over, first and second 8 00 

Ewe lamb, first and second 4 00 

Sweepsteaks, buck and 3 lambs 8 00 

JOSEPH PENDLETON. 

Buck, 2 years and over, second 3 00* 



OBIN L. WALKER. 

Boar, 2 years and over, first 8 00 

Sow and five sucking pigs, second 3 00 

Sow, 2 years and over, second 3 00 



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MADISON COUNTY. 171 



JOSEPH HBATOK. 

Boar, 1 year and under 2, first $5 00 

€ow, 6 months and under 12, second 1 00 

Five fat hogs, second 1 00 

BENJAMIN LUKENS, JR. 

Boar, lyear and under 2, second 3 00 

Sow, 2 years and over, first 6 00 

Sow, 1 year and under 2, second 2 00 

Sow and five sucking pigs, first 6 00 

Collection of hogs 6 00 

Five fat hogs 8 00 

T. WIIiHOIT A SON. 

Boar, 6 months and under 12, second 2 00 

:Sow, 6 months and under 12, first 3 00 

A. W. ROSS. 

Boar, 6 months and under 12, first 4 00 

Boar pig, under 6 months, second 1 00 

Boar, any age or breed 5 00 

Sow 1 year and under 2, first 4 00 

Sow pig, under 6 months, second 1 00 

Pair pigs, under 6 months, second 1 00 

W. W. ROSS. 

Boar pig, under 6 months, first 3 00 

Sow pig, under 6 months, first 3 00 

Pair pigs, under 6 months, first 3 00 

Poultry. 

•George W. Hughel, Spanish fowls « 2 00 

D. N. Hodson, Brahma fowls 2 00 

Mrs. Silas Hughel, Poland fowls 2 00 

J. R. Stephenson, Bantam fowls 2 00 

J. R. Stephenson, pair chickens any kind 2 00 

Flotoers. 

MRS. £. B. HARTLEY. 

Collection green house plants, first 6 00 

Basket cut flowers, first 2 00 

Pyramid boquet, first 2 00 

Largest collection roses in bloom, first 3 00 

Largest collection annuals, first 5 00 

Sweepstakes on flowers 15 00 

Hanging basket, first 1 00 

NORVAL GRIM. 

Collection green house plants, second 3 00 

^Collection roses in bloom, second » 1 00 

oUection annuals, second 2 00 



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172 HISTORY OF 



HATTIB SIDDALL. 

Bound boquet, first $2 00 

Mantle boquet, first 1 60 

CAIXIB SANDERS. 

Floral cross of fresh flowers 2 00 

Fruits. 

Martin Brown, apples, first 3 00" 

Wm. Johns, apples, second 1 00 

Rebecca Pittsford, pears, first 3 OO 

John Probasco, pears, second 1 00 

Rebecca Pittsford, grapes 3 00 

Rebecca Pittsford, peaches 3 00 

Rebecca Pittsford, plums 3 00 

Alfred Walker, collection and variety of fruits 7 00 

Mrs, D. Hodson, pomegranates 1 00 

JeUieSf PreserveSf BvMerSf Etc. 

Amelia Pittsford, jellies, first 3 00 

Ella J. Lowman, second $1 00 

Mrs. Silas Hughel, fruit butter, first 2 00 

Mrs. J. R. Stephenson, fruit butter, second 1 00 

Mrs. E. G. Vernon, pickles, first 1 00 

Mrs. Johanen ^Hurley, pickles, second 50 

Lewis Gwinn, dried fruits 50 

Mrs. Silas Hughes, canned fruits, first 3 00 

Mrs. Johanan Hurley, canned fruits, second 1 00 

Mrs. Silas Hughel, collection of jellies, preserves, butters, pick- 
les, etc., first 5 00 

Mrs. E. G. Vernon, collection as above 1 00 

Farm ProductSf Etc 

MRS. J. HURLEY. 

Five pounds butter, first 2 00 

Collection «akes, second 1 00 

Gallon apple butter, first 1 00 

NANCY DILLON. 

Carrots - 50 

Collection vegetable crops, second 1 00 

Collection wines, first 1 00 

WILLIAM CLIFFORD. 

Half bushel Irish potatoes, first % 2 00 

Collection potatoes, all kinds, second 3 00 

Collection watermelons, second 2 00 



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MADISON COUNTY. 173 



HENRY KEMP. 

Collection grass seeds, all kinds, first $4 00 

Half bushel timothy seed, first, 2 00 

Half bushel clover seed, first 2 00 

Half bushel flax seed, first 2 00 

J. HURLEY. 

Half bushel oats, second 1 00 

Half bushel white corn, second 1 00 

SAMUEL HUGHEL. 

Half bushel white wheat, first = 2 00 

Half bushel yellow corn, second.. 1 00 

Catharine Hartman, 5 pounds butter second 1 00 

T. Wilhoit & Son, box honey in comb, first 2 00 

Mrs. A. Garretson, loaf wheat bread, yeast rising, first 2 00 

Mrs. Laura Scribner, loaf wheat bread, first 2 00 

Mrs. R. N, Clark, loaf wheat bread, second 1 00 

Mrs. J. R. Stephenson, collection cakes, first 2 00 

Samuel Tappan, half bushel white wheat, second.. 1 00 

J. R. Stephenson, half bushel red wheat, first 2 00 

Silas Hughett, half bushel red wheat, second 1 00 

John Cummins, half bushel oats, first 2 00 

M. Longacre, half bushel white corn, first 2 00 

Wm. Johns, half bushel yellow corn, first 2 00 

John Noland, collection com, first ^ 3 00 

Lewis|Gwinn, collection vegetable crops 3 00 

Lewrs Gwinn, collection sweet potatoes 2 00 

Lewis Gwinn, collection beets 50 

Lewis Gwinn, collection onions 50 

John Noland, half bushel Irish potatoes, second 1 00 

John Noland, collection tomatoes ^ 1 00 

Elisabeth Mc Williams, collection cabbage..... 1 00 

Mrs. Silas Hughell, collection peppers 1 00 

A.Jackson, collection squashes 50 

Martin Brown, collection pumpkins 1 00 

Martin Brown, collection watermelons 3 00 

Sewing Machmea. 

Singer Manufacturing Co., sewing machine, first diploma and... 5 00 

Collection sewing and samples, first diploma and 3 00 

Organs. 

Estey organ, (parlor), first diploma and 2 00 

Estey organ, (church), first diploma and... 2 00 

Fi/ne Arts^ Paintings^ Etc, 

Ollie Stilwell, landscape painting in oil, first 6 00 

Portrait painting in oil, first. ^.... •......•. • 5 00 



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174 HISTORY OF 



Animal painting in oil, first ^ > $5 00* 

Fruit painting in oil, first ; i ^...s. 3 'OO 

Byron Scribner, &uicy painting in oil, first ."... 3 00 

Annie Waldon, flower painting in oil, first « 3 00^ 

Picture in water colors, first ,,..'..,., .* 2 00* 

Henderson & Searle, sign painting, first "2 00 

Philip Hawk, display of oil paintings, first 5 00 

Display plain photographs, first 1 00 

Display colored photographs, first 2 00 

Chas. 0. Thompson, collection by picture dealer, first. 5 00- 

J. M. Jackson, India ink portrait, first , 2 00 

Mrs. E. G. Vernon, picture medley, first 2 00 

Louisa Jackson, pastel painting, first 2 00 

Bertha McCuUough, crayon picture, first 2 00 

Home MdnafiictureSf Etc, . ■ . . ' 

Anna Dipboye, pound of stocking yarn, first 1 (JO 

AdaHarter, 10 yards rag carpet, first , 1 00 

Mary East, double woolen coverlet, first 2 00 

Mrs. W. R. Pierse, double cotton coverlet, first 2 00 

Elizabeth McWilliams, pair woolen stockings, first 50 

Mary East, pair woolen socks, first 50 

Mary East, pair cotton stockings, first 60 

Amelia Jackson, pair cotton socks 50 

Rebecca Cummings, ten yards toweling, first 1 00 

Rebecca Cummins, ten yards jeans, first « 2 00 

Elizabeth McWilliams, ten yards satinet, first 2 00 

Elizabeth McWilliams, ten yards plain flannel, first 2 OO 

Mrs. J. Hurley, ten yards plaid flannel, first 2 00 

Anna Dipboye, home made blankets, first 2 00 

Charles Lipfert, pair boots, first diploma 1 00 

Display of Drygs, Chemicals^ Fancy Goods and PerfumerieSf etc, 

Elden B. Pierse, first 15 00- 

CarriageSf Buggies^ etc. 

Miller Carriage Company, family carriage, first diploma and... 1 00 

Miller Carriage Company, top buggy, first 1 00^ 

Miller Carriage Company, open buggy, first 1 00 

Miller Carriage Company, Shifting seat buggy, first 1 00- 

J. R. Patton & Co., spring wagon, first diploma and 1 00 

J. R. Patton & Co., display and variety buggies, first diploma and 5 00 

GeoTge Mathes, farm wagon, first diploma „ 1 00 

Fwmitwre^ etc 

J, RABER d( CO. 

OdUection Furniture, first diploma and 6 00 

Collection Parlor Furniture, first diploma and.... 5 00' 



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MADISON COUNTY. 17& 



Collection Cihamber Furniture, first diploma and $1 OO 

Best burpau, first/ diploma and 1 00 

Best bedstead, first diploma and 1 CO' 

Best extension table, first diploma and 1 00 

Best book case, first diploma and 1 00' 

Best sofa lounge, first diploma and ^ 1 00- 

Mechanical^ Agricultural^ Etc, 

WAGONER A FISHER. 

Portable cider mill, first diploma and» - $1 00 

General purpose plow, first diploma and 2 00 

Trash plow, first diploma and 1 00 

Single shovel plow, first diploma and 2 00 

Koad plow, first diploma and 2 00 

One horse plow, first diploma and 2 00 

Churn, first diploma and 1 00 

Clothes wringer, first diploma and 1 00 

Grain cradle, first diploma and « 2 00^ 

BENJ. F. ALFORD. 

Collection of wheat drills, etc., first diploma and 3 00' 

Three horse plow, first diploma and 2 00 

Alluvial soil plow, first diploma and 2 00* 

Stubble plow, first diploma and 2 00 

Sod plow, first diploma and 2 00 

Display and variety plows, first diploma and 2 00 

A. B. REEVES. 

Two-shovel plow, first diploma and 2 00 

Corn fender, first diploma and 2 00 

WM. p. NEWMAN A CO. 

Wood or coal cooking stove, first diploma and 2 00 

Wood cooking stove, first diploma and 2 00^ 

Parlor stove, first diploma and 2 00 

Collection stoves, tin and sheet iron ware, first diploma and.... 10 00 

Mitchell & Brother, fancy marble work, first diploma and 5 00 

C. C. Miller, wooden pump, first diploma and 2 OO 

Weari/ag Appard^ Embroidery^ Etc, 

BOBO & LSSHER. 

Fine suit'gents* clothes, first 5 OO 

Buisness gents' clothes, first. 5 00 

LOTTIE SWIFT. 

Display of bead work, first. 2 00 

Cotton or linen embroidery, first 1 00 

Needle case, first....... M 

Morning wrapper, first 2 00 

Plain night dress, first 1 00 



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176 HISTORY OF 



MBS. B. J. PIEB. 

Display of millinery goods, first. $5 00 

JENNIE SWIFT. 

Chair tidy, first 2 00 

-Silk embroidery, first 2 00 

Worsted embroidery, first 1 00 

Display of worsted work, first « 2 00 

Chair cover, first 2 00 

Ohenille embroidery, first.. 2 00 

Embroidered chemise, second 1 00 

Neatest-made suit of ladies underwear, second..... 2 00 

Hearth rug, first '. 2 00 

Log-cabin quilt, first 6 00 

Embroidered handkerchief, first .'. 2 00 

Lady's collar and cuffs, first 1 00 

JBSSIE ADAMS. 

Picture in embroidery, first 3 00 

Worsted flowers, first 3 00 

Mrs. James McKeown, bead basket, first 50 

(Hattie Blacklidge, tuft work, first ; 1 00 

Mrs. George C. Forrey, pin cushion, first « I 00 

MBS. HOBACE B. JONES. 

Watch case, first 50 

Embroidered chemise, first 3 00 

Embroidered night dress, first and second » 4 00 

Baby quilt, first 1 00 

Preserved leaves and flowers, first 1 00 

CAUJE SANDEBS. 

Lamp map, first 1 00 

Specimen tatting, first 1 00 

Mrs. Phoebe Irwin ; ornamental hair work, first 2 00 

MBS. MAHALA B. STBWABT. 

Best made skirt, second 1 00 

Neatest pair pillow slips, first 2 00 

Neatest made suit ladies underwear 3 00 

Neatest made ladies skirt, first 2 00 

Worsted quilt, first 5 00 

Shell work, first 1 00 

Mrs. W. C. Emerson; Best made shirt, first 2 00 

Mrs. A. Huston ; crochet chemise, first. 3 00 

011ieK.Stilwell; best Afehan, first 3 00 

Mrs. Jennie Conwell ; best baby Afghan, first 2 00 

Mrs. D. Hodson ; crohet shawl, first 2 00 

Mrs. Byron Scribner ; neatest made ladies shirt, second 1 00 



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MADISON COUNTY. 177 



Mrs. Rebecca Miller ; home-made tablecloth, first $2 00 

Emma Russell; specimen tapestry, first. 2 00 

MBS. A. A. SIDDALL. 

Silk quilt, first 5 00 

Infants suit, first 2 00 

Mattie Bliyen ; Pair mittens, first» 50 

Libbie Makepeace; Silk cradle cover 2 00 

Mrs. R. N. Clark; specimen stocking darning, first 1 00 

Mrs. E. G. Vernon ; gents' crochet scarf, first 1 00 

Mrs. James Mohan ; knit quilt, first > 2 00 

Mrs. Philip Hawk, agricultural wreath, first 2 00 

Nellie Brown; wax boquet first 2 00 

Mrs. O. W. Huston, cage of living birds* first 2 00 

Mrs. N. Armstrong, Ottoman, first 2 00 

Josie Adams, pair slippers, first 1 00 

Annie Con well, softi pillow, first 2 00 

Mary Duchane, wax flowers, first 2 00 

Mary East, calico quilt, first ,. 1 00 

Mrs. J. L. Willetts, zephyr shawl, first 1 00 

Lucinda Philpot, puzzle quilt, first 2 00 

Virgie Bering, toilet set, first 2 00- * 

Hester Hughel, patch quilt, first 5 OO 

Articles entered by exhibitors, for which no class was published, 
and which are entered in the ** Miscellaneous " list, will be passed 
upon by the Executive Commitee and appropriate premiums awarded 
where such articles may merit the same, and such awards will be 
published in the next issue of the Herald. 

Bremiuim Awarded on Speed Horaea, 

3 MINUTB TROT. 

D. Brown, "Belle Rich," first 60 00 

L. M. Hiatt, "Gray Dan," second 45 00 

R. J.Hunt, "Pet," third 20 00 

3 MINUTE PACE. 

W.RPierse, "Lady," first 40 00 

R. J. Hunt, " Flora Jenkins," second 20 00 

J. N. Hodson, " Hoosier Girl," third 10 00 

2:45 MINUTE TROT. 

L. D. Caldwell, "James L.," first 100 00 

D.P.Shawhan, " Phoebe C," second 50 00 

Gus Glidden, "Roan George," third « 25 00 

FREE PACE. 

Thomas Nugen, "Tom Hendricks," first .• 75 OO 

Isaac Smith, "Crazy Sam," second ».«.«..... ...».«..^ 50 00 

A. B. Hehn, " Hoosier Tom," third ^ . ^.^...«. 25 00 

12 



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178 HISTOBY OF 



FBEB TBOT. 

Sam Pence, "B. M. Dolly," first $125 00 

L. L. Lawrence, ** St. Lawrence," second 75 00 

GusGliddon, "Norma," third 25 00 

BUNNING BACE. 

Obed Kilgore, " Lazy Jane," first 50 00 

J.Brown, "" Bay Jim,'* second 25 00 

J. WilUamson, " Betsey," third 15 00 



READINESS FOR ACTION. 



AN ADDBESS DELIVEBED BEFOBE THE MADISON COUNTY 
TEA0HEB8' INSTITUTE, AUGUST 27, 1874. 



BY W. S. TINGLBY. 



There are but few great questions that excite international 
interest. The principal employment of the great masses of 
the people of any nation^ is to secure home interests and to 
make valuable home products. The few great interests of 
the human race that have become, or are becoming univer- 
sal may be enumerated as the commercial, th^^ postal, the 
telegraphic, the scientific, the religous, and the educational. 
While some of the above mentioned departments of human 
activity are of less general importance than the others, they 
all more or less find their developments among the great 
sisterhood of nations. These great undertakings are calcu- 
lated to bring them into closer intimacy with each other, and 
to elicit the most thorough discussion and careful advise- 
ment. 

Commerce through its various avenues of exchange, such 
as railroads, canals, rivers, lakes and oceans, produces a 
ohain whidi interlinks the various peoples of the globe. 
The iron horse acknowledges no State lines or national 
bouhdaiies. He stops not at the almost insurmountable 
obstacles that would impede his piogr^ Si his traus-con- 



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MADISON COUNTY. 179 



itinental journey. His shoes of steel follow their serpentine 
path through thick forests, over vast breadths of prairie, 
along the winding courses of proud rolling rivers, up the 
sides oi craggy, precipitous mountains, till he is the wonder 
of the world. 

"Swift Commerce spreads her wings, 
And tires the sinewy sea-bird's as she flies, 
Famiing the solitudes from clime to clime." 

The men " that go down to the sea in ships that do busi- 
ness in great waters,^' do not seem to be trammeled by the 
lines that have been laid in the deep, but transfer the pro- 
<ducts of every clime under the sanction of universal law. 

The machinery of the postal departments of the world 
while much complicated, performs its duties with almost 
noisless harmony. So perfect and effective are the workings 
of this, the nearly crowning one of modern improvements, 
that in a few days or weeks an individual can communicate 
*n writing with the roost distant parts of the globe. 

The wonders of the telegraphic system I need not stop to 
«ipeak of at length. They multiply daily. Over our heads, 
under our feet, under the rolling oceans — everywhere — 
^sparkling thought flies with lightning speed. Time is noth- 
ing. We annihilate space. The markets of London at 2 
P. M. we know at 11 A. M. of the same day. It has been bu^ 
a few days since I read a very singular paragraph in the 
Indianapolis Journal. Judge Newcomb, of that city, 
desired a bit of information from a man in London. He 
sent a dispatch at 11:30 A. m., and at ten minutes past two 
o'clock he had an answer. The time of the transaction was 
Just two hours and forty minutes. This dispatch had trav- 
eled a distance of 10,000 miles in an incredibly short time, 
if we view the matter from the times previous to the inven- 
tion of telegraphy. But now the transaction passes under 
the eye of the casual reader with no more surprise than he 
would manifest on reading the price of pork in Cincinnati. 

The point I wish especially to impress in the reference to 
the things just mentioned, is the readiness and effectiveness 
witli which they do thdr work. Every effect must have an 



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180 HISTORY OF 



adequate cause. The truth of this proposition will at once 
strike any one^ though he be not versed in the language ol 
the logician* Natures own logic leads him through the 
premises to the conclusion. If we ask, then, wherein lies 
the effectiveness of these great international enterprises, we 
shall find the answer to be systematic, perst^vering work. 

Let us now pass from these general observations which 
have helped us to bring to view and to illustrate a great 
principle of action, to some more particular mattt;rs affect- 
ing the great question of education. Like the others, it is 
becoming, in a sense, an international question. But like all 
great mental problems the solution is a slow process. Deep 
water runs still ; but its force is none the less effective. It 
will finally become like the surging deep, whose tides are 
irresistible, carrying the remains of shattered and sailorless 
vessels to dismal and uninhabitable shores ; so the surging 
tides of popular, liberal education are driving to certain 
destruction the false and tyrannical opinions of men who 
have thought that ignorance and slavery are the just and 
proper conditions of man. This grand scheme of universal 
education is not pushed forward alone by the supposed 
" lords of creation,'' but the gentler sex, by the tender dis- 
tillation of her influence, consisting ot strong intellectual 
power and tender affection, is making glad and fruitful the 
cheerless desert of human ignorance. May the good work 
be pushed forward till the boundaries of its influence be 
co-extensive with the race of man. 

But leaving these statements, which are of so general a 
character, let us devote a few words to the elucidation of the 
theme announced at the beginning of this address. View- 
ing the system of liberal education in its different aspects,, 
we find three distinct classes of work to be accomplished. 
First the mere acquirement of knowledge, comprehending 
every department of instruction. We may be permitted to 
call it a kind of cramming process — a gathering together of 
materials from widely separated sources, into the compass 
of the mind. How slowly the boy ot outdoor and rugged 
habits, becomes reconciled to this kind of intellectual medi- 



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MADISON COUNTY. 181 



•cation, although it may be administered in "broken doses! '^ 
But it seems that the condition to which fate has assigned 
us^ demands this^ and so we must be contented. Second, it 
is prosposed to make the things acquired definite and pre- 
cise, assuming that what we remember is what we know, 
and not simply what we learn. Concentration of mind is 
essential to any successful mental effort. Attention lies at 
the base of all mental activity. " If we closely analyze the 
process of our minds in the exercise of this power,'' says 
Mr. Haven, we shall find, I think, that it consists chiefly in 
this : the arresting and detaining the thoughts, excluding 
thus the exercise of other forms of mental activity, in con- 
sequence of which the mind is left free to direct its whole 
energy to the one object in view." It may take long training 
to learn how to fix things in the mind, but it must be done 
before we have found the " philosopher's stone, or have in 
our possession the " key of knowledge." Third, and by 
far the most valuable acquisition, if it may indeed be 
placed in the category of attainments, is to become skillful 
and ready in the use of the things learned. On this, more 
than anything else, will depend our success in the great 
issues of life. A high price is set on skill in any under- 
taking. He who has it, has the lever whose potency will 
move the world. 

The three phases of education, of which I have just spoken, 
are beautifully and tersely expressed by another, in one sent- 
ence: "Reading makes a full man, writing a correct 
man, conference a ready man." One may read till his 
appetite is sated — till his intellectual store house is filled to 
overflowing, and yet accomplish but little in the busy, hur- 
ried scenes of a progressive age. He may allow the ink on 
many a well dipped pen to dry up, in seeking the proper 
word to turn advantageously some lingering thought; or 
weigh each word in scientific scales, nicely poised, and yet 
lack one of the essential attributes which make up the true 
man, that is, the conference — the preparedness — which 
makes him a ready, trusty, efiBcient actor in the great drama 
ef human existence. 



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182 HISTORY OF 



Aristotle used to say to his pupils^ " I don't teach you> 
philosophy, but how to philosophize/' " To philosophize is 
to think/' It is to reason into the nature and causes of 
things. One hour of vigorous, diligent thought is worth 
days of careless reading. It makes a man feel that he has- 
control of his own intellectual activities, and gives him the 
means of studying more carefully the operations of men 
about him. Here, then, is the first great lesson to be 
learned by the true instructor. Bring "beaten oil "into* 
the sanctuary. Like the High Priest under the Jewish law^ 
who took the purest prepared oils into the tabernacle, so 
when you enter the sacred profession of the teacher, and lead 
pupils to the shrine of mystic lore, bring lessons well pre- 
pared though it may have 6ost hours of labor or the con- 
sumption of "midnight oil." It will make you ready^ 
commanding, efficient, instructive. It will inspire your 
pupils with vigorous exertion, and laudable ambition in the 
performance of their respective duties. You may think the 
process is slow, but it is sure. Be like the man who said if 
he were going to be hanged at the expiration of four min- 
utes, or present the solution of a certain problem, he would 
consume two minutes in thinking before he would begin the 
operation . 

But the talent demanded by this age is that which doe» 
its work with great rapidity. It must be done at railroad 
speed or by telegraph. The man who stops too long to cal- 
culate is left, to his surprise, among the things that were; 
The age says, " You are too slow. You do not understand 
what we mean ; ' we mean business.' " We have, as it 
seems, no place now for the good old country schoolmaster 
who taught all day — and part of the night — to please his 
patrons. We move on, however, quite nicely without him. 
The preacher who prolongs his discourse to exceed thirty or 
forty minutes, for the remaining time will address restless 
and anxious auditors. Prayers and songs must be corres^ 
poiidingly short, if the worshippers are expected to remain, 
upon the hights of Mount Zion. The train of cars that 
does not make twenty-five or thirty miles an hour is tea 



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MADISON COUNTY 183 



slow. Impetuosity seems to be the watchword. While 
extremes are not to be recommended^ there is a reasonable 
alertness that should be found among the qualifications for 
any work. 

Readiness for action is one of those rare gifts which nature 
in her bestowment of faculties has but sparingly distributed. 
I call readiness a faculty of the mind ; and a " faculty of the 
mind/' says Mr. Haven, " is the mind's power of acting." 
And he further says, " the mind has as many distinct fac- 
ulties as it has distinct powers of action, distinct ftmctions^ 
distinct modes and spheres of activity." I call readiness a 
rare gift or faculty, " because the ready man is bom, not 
made." No amount of cultivation, however close and rigid 
it may be, will enable a man to say and do the best things on 
the " spur of the moment." It is not practice but tact that 
enables a man to dash off a masterly newspaper or review 
article on some memorable event immediately aftier it occurs,^ 
or take instant advantage of an enemy's blunder, like 
Napoleon or Marlborough. Readiness is a faculty lying 
outside the arena of acquirement. * Those possessing it may 
highten it by cultivation for the ordinary occurrences of life, 
but for the extraordinary occasions, if it comes at all, it will 
come without being bidden. "It is a ^ natural tact or intu- 
ition ' — an inspiration — a kind of presence of mind which 
enables one to meet a crisis, parry a thrust, strike a blow, or 
say the right word in the very ' nick of time' without reflec- 
tion or delay." 

Some men stand thunder-struck at the quickness and 
effectiveness with which men do some things, while there is 
nothing in the surroundings that appears to give them the 
advantage over themselves. An anecdote is told of Colum- 
bus that on a certain occassion while dining with some 
friends, to amuse themselves they tried to stand an egg on 
one end. After the other guests had made several fruitless 
attemps to accomplis the feat, Columbus picked up the egg, 
and striking the table with sufficient force to break the shelly 
was acknowledged the triumphant contestant. "Oh!" say they^ 
" any of us cQuld have done that !" "Yes," said Columbus 



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184 HISTORY OF 



*' you could if you had known how." " The knowing how '' 
was just the thing they did not know. That tact which 
Columbus possessed was what discovered the American con- 
tinent. It was the lever that moved the world toward 
America. There is scarcely a direction in which one may 
turn his eyes or his thoughts, where this happy faculty is 
not in demand. In war, politics, journalism ; at the bar 
and in the senate, in social intercourse — it is a great power. 
Nothing adds so much to conversation as the apt hits that 
are so frequently made that point out their author as the 
center of attraction. In all kinds of tongue- fence — the nice 
balancing of powers with powers — the close hand-to-hand 
encounter of intellects, where the home thrust is often so 
suddenly given, this rare faculty is indispensable. Patrick 
Henry in the Virginia convention, while all others were 
waiting and doubting, and their hearts were failing them, 
seized the moment — struck the blow — which plunged the col- 
ony into the depths of revolution. There was but one Patrick 
Henry — there could be but one. He was born for that 
hour. He said just the right thing, at the right time, and 
in the right place. It produced the desired effect by its 
opposite utterance. It fired the spirits, it stirred the blood 
of the noble sons of Virginia, and they made bare their 
arms in defense of right and liberty, and to meet a sturdy 
foe, rushed into the thickest of the bloody contest. 

Another incident of the Revolutionary struggle will further 
illustrate the point in hand. The night before the battle of 
Trenton, the chances of war were against the American 
forces. The English were waiting for the morning light 
to come — for the river to become solid with ice — that they 
might cross, surprise and capture the little army of Revolu- 
tionary heroes ; but there was one with apparently more 
than human sagacity who was ready for the emergency. 
He with his little army, in the face of a driving snow, of 
plunging ice, of stinging cold and of opposition of subor- 
dinates, crossed the river and conquered the proud enemy. 
And when golden morning sunbeams revealed in the drifted 
snow a thousand sparkling crystals of magic beauty, victory 



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MADISON COUNTY. 185 



perched in triumphant glory on the emblem of our common 
country since made more glorious by a thousand splendid 
victories. Readiness for action — a mastery of the circum- 
stances—conquered. It will conquer often where studied pru- 
•dence and protracted calculation will utterly fail of the pur- 
pose. 

While sch(X)l teachers may not be very properly compared 
to generals, or pupils to armies^ they may be viewed as such 
in miniature^ fighting battles that involve more important 
issues than the bloody contests which aim to secure a fleet- 
ing supremacy. Have you tact as teachers ? If so, you will 
frequently find emergencies in which you will find suitable 
places for its use. It will require a good deal of general- 
ship at times on your part to so muster vour forces as to 
keep out the invader, and to drill them for effective service. 

Right here I might drop one or two words respecting the 
true process in education. The word education is derived 
from two Latin words — e, the Latin preposition from, and 
ducOf to lead. Its literal import, then, is to lead out of, or 
from. 

The real work of the educator is to develop the latent 
powers of the intellect where they exist ; but no amount of 
leading out will show striking results where there is nothing 
to lead. Tact in the teacher will not give capacity to the 
student. You will find the student constantly mustering 
antagontistic forces in his own mind. A true and a false prin- 
ciple will take possession of the mind at the same time, and 
for you to instruct the student how to retain the true one 
and to extirpate the other will be your first obligation. 
Not that you should commence cramming him with some- 
thing else, but to brii-g into play his own powers, so as to 
effect a solution himself. Comparisons of words and ideas 
will occupy a considerable portion of the student's life. In 
some of these word contests, which come within the range 
of our experience, and which are very entertaining and 
amusing, we find the most perfect exhibitions of ready wit. 
It is not the amount of knowledge, the number of facts or 
istatistics which a man has in his cranium, that makes him 



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186 HISTORY OP 



a dangerous antagonist^ but his ability to marshal them and^ 
bring them to bear instantly on any point. This thought 
may be illustrated by reference to the '^wit combats'' 
between Ben Johnson and Shakspeare. "The two were 
like a Spanish great galleon and an English man-of-war» 
Master Johnson, like the former, was built far higher in 
learning; solid, but slow in his performances. Shakespeare,, 
with the English man-of-war, lesser in bulk, but lighter in 
sailing, could turn with all tides, tack about, and take 
advantage of all winds by the quickness of his wit and 
invention.'^ Johnson expressed his weight of character in 
his extensive book learning ; Shakspeare, in his quick 
perception of the varied phases of life. Johnson could talk 
fluently and lengthy upon abstract propositions ; Shakspeare 
of the passions, impulses and wanderings of the human 
heart. The one was masterly in counsel ; the other brave 
in the field. Shakspeare, like the skillful, ready general,, 
when the lines of the enemy would waver at any point, or 
were broken, would thrust in a batallion or brigade, and 
thus pave the way to speedy victory. So the ready disput- 
ant will make a telling thrust with his strongest points 
where no one else would perceive the faintest glimmer ot 
hope. His two-edged sword will cut " fore and aft '^ quick 
as thought ; the opponent will sink under it, and as a fallen 
foe, will " bite the dust.'' 

I presume every man has some power in his individual 
make-up, which gives him a special influence in the direc- 
tion of that power, but he fails in many instances because 
he does not use it just when he ought to do so. He is like 
Artemus Ward respecting oratory. "I have the gift of 
oratory," says he, " but I havent it about me ! " How 
often do we have splendid opportimities to immortalize our- 
selves in oratory, or to astonish the world by some intel- 
lectual effort, but our power don't happen to be about 
when we want it. What a telling speech that young law- 
yer would have made before the court in an important case 
it he could have had one more day for preparation. How 
he could have swayed the jury! How he would have 



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MADISON COUNTY. 18T 

touched the hearts of a sympathetic audience, could he have 
had time to have constructed a few well rounded periods. 
And how he would have exposed the sophistries of the 
opposition if he could have had a little time to consult his 
logic and refresh his memory in syllogistic statement. 
Alas ! how important, how unprepared for an emergency. 
I could multiply references to such cases, but let this one 
sufiSce as representative of all the others. 

As teachers in the common schools of our country, you 
have a laborious work entrusted to you. You are training 
undying spirits for usefulness in this world, and eternal, 
beatific joys in the boundless future. Your work is to 
dignify our natures. You, so to speak, take the rough 
unshapely rock from the quarry, and by sawing, chiseling, 
smoothing, you fit it for the stately edifice. So by the 
inimitable chiselings of the school curriculum, the rubbings 
against the rough edges of society, and the meliorating influ- 
ences of the refined and polite, are we prepared for work 
and responsible positions. The diamond taken up from the 
river^s bed by the pale diver, when properly cleansed, will 
sparkle with dazzling brilliancy in the princely crown. So 
the human intellect, when freed from the encumbrances to 
which it is frequently subjected, may sparkle among the 
cpnstellations a star of the first magnitude. Work — con- 
stant, efibctive, unceasing work, is the watchword. As the 
poet expresses the thought : 

'' We live in deeds, not years; in thoughts, not breaths; 
In feelings, not in figures on a deal. 
We shoald count time by heart-throbs. He most lives. 
Who thinks most, feels the noblest, acts the best, 
life is but a means unto an end ; that end. 
Beginning, mean, and end of all things— God.'* 



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188 HISTORY OF 



MANAGEMENT OP OUR COMMON SOHOOI^. 



An Essay Prepared and Suhmitted Under the Rules cmd BeguUUions Adopted 
by the **Herald Prize Essay CommiUeef" which was Chosen ai the last 
eeesion of the Madison Cov/nty Teachers* Institute, 



BY CTBBKIU8 FREE. 



The subject of school government is one which, though of 
much importance, has been discussed from time immemorial 
to the exclusion, frequently, of matters of far greater 
moment. Fortunately, the more comprehensive term, 
" school management,'^ is now engrossing the attention of 
educators ; '' and, even this has, heretofore been mainly 
discussed by teachers engaged in the highest grade of 
schools, adapted to the necessities of those who propose to 
spend their entire lives in the acquisition of knowledge, and 
make their superior attainments a basis for their entire 
pecuniary employment ; hence, many of the finest essays are 
only in part applicable to our common schools, established 
for the benefit of the laboring masses. 

DEFINITION OF TERM, 

"Management,'' according to Webster, consists in the 
^'manner of conducting or carrying on," hence, when 
. applied to schools, includes the entire duty of the teacher ; 
which should be conceived and executed in accordance with 
the dictates of wisdom ; the first, best, noblest attainment of 
man ; and which is defined by our great American author 
to be " the proper use of knowledge ; the choice of laudable 
•ends, and of the best means of accomplishing them." 

The subject, then, of school management, viewed from 
this standpoint, is fully included in the answers to the fol- 
lowing interrogatories : First, what are the laudable ends 
to be attained by our common schools ? Second, what are 
the best means of accomplishing those ends? The answers 
to one of which is evidently so connected with and depend- 
ent on the others that no rational rules can be laid down with 



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MADISON COUNTY. 189 

reference to the latter, without well fixed and compre- 
hensive views, of the former ; and here, we fear, is where 
many educators make the first grand mistake, whioh inevit- 
ably leads to many gross errors in practice. 

OP EARLY IMPRESSIONS. 

Every day experience teaches us that relics of the past,, 
the education of our childhood, and impressions handed 
down to us by our forefathers, are difficult things of which to 
divest ourselves. They cleave to us and influence us, when 
we are the least aware. We read with a pride, almost akin 
to veneration, of the palmy days of Greece and Bome, of ancient 
oratory and lore, and imbibe the impression that a school is a 
great success, because it turns out one such scholar as Plato-, 
Demosthenes, or Cicero. For at that time such men ruled 
the nation, judged for the nation, spoke for the nation y 
hence, we judge the nation by them as models, and are 
mutually inclined to call that nation great and intelligent 
because it is in possession of such men. Our colleges and 
high schools are frequently conducted on this basis. The 
supposition being that a diploma is of but litle consequence 
to the medocre, the design being to manufacture statesmen, 
politicians, philosophers, or some other prominent pro- 
fession. 

THE TRUE AIM OP THE COMMON SCHOOL. 

But the United States have created a new era in politic^ 
and a new era in education is a necessary concomitant. The 
object of our common schools is not to rear up here and 
there a great man to speak for and be venerated by the 
nation, but to make a great, moral, high toned, intelli- 
gent nation. This thought is beautifully expressed in the 
following extract from a speech of Daniel Webster : 

" We hold every man subject to taxation in proportion to* 
his property. We regard it as a wise and liberal system of 
police, by which property^ life, and the peace of society are 
secured. We hope to excite a feeling of respectability and 
tense of character by enlarging the capabilities and increas- 
ing the sphere of intellectual enjoyment. 



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190 HI8T0BY OF 



'^ By general instructioB, we seek to purify the moral 
atmospbere. We hope for a security beyond the law, and 
<ibove the law, in the dissemination of enlightened and well 
principled moral sentiment. We hope to reach and prolong 
the time when, in the villages and farm houses of this coun- 
try, may be undisturbed sleep within unbarred doors." 

HYGIENIC CULTUBE. 

And since, as we have seen, it is not the design ot our pub- 
lic schools to educate and manufacture political demagogues 
and traveling humbugs/ but to educate, to refine, and to 
elevate to a proper standard the masses ; that intelligence 
may be made to yield its fruits in the more necessary pur- 
suits; that the most expanded intellects may exercise their 
talents in contending with the natural elements that impose 
themselves in the way of man's profession and happiness. 
Such, for instance, as turning the soil with the plow-share 
to make it yield under a more enlightened system of hus- 
bandry a more bountiful supply of its luxuries; or, in 
wielding the heavy sledge at the forge, where the most 
scientific designs will be futile without an energetic nerve 
and strong muscle to put those plans into execution. The 
hygiene of the school room is, necessarily, one of the first 
prerequisites for a good school. 

The room should be kept well swept to avoid injury to 
the eyes and lungs from dust. No student should be so 
4^ated that the light on entering the room can directly pen- 
etrate the eye ; but it should be made to fall first upon the 
book, thereby making objects more distinct, and entering 
the eye after the rays have been softened by reflection. 

The teacher should devote the strictest attention to the 
temperature of the room. And when a proper temperature 
has been reached, the fire should be replenished frequently 
with but a small amount of fuel at a time, that a regular 
temperature may be maintained ; never allowing the fire to 
bum so low that a sense of chilliness warns him that it re- 
quires his attention^ which will inevitably result in the build- 
ing at once of too hot a fire in order to expel the 
chill, whereby the opposite extreme is reached, pro- 



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MADISON COUNTY. 191 



ducing the very deleterious result of a constant alteration 
of heat and cold. From a half an hour to an hour before 
dismissing at night the fire should be systematically reduced 
^is low as it is at all consistent with comfort. All perspi- 
ration will then have ceased^ the pores of the skin con- 
tracted, and the pupil not be subject to so sudden a change 
in passing from the room into the bleak winds, or, perhaps, 
the chilly rains of winter. 

Pure air is 'one of the indispensable supports of every 
physiological function of our economy. Hence too much 
stress cannot be laid on the subject of ventilation, which 
should never be procured at the bottom of the window, 
but always at the top for the double purpose of avoiding a 
direct current of cold air on any student, and to permit the 
escape of the impure air which has become rarified by be- 
ing warmed in the lungs and ascended to the top of the 
room. 

During recess the teacher ought to encourage a reason- 
able degree of hilarity and physical exercise, not only as a 
respite to the mind, but to educate and invigorate the mus- 
cles, to qualify them for the varied dutied of life, and ren- 
der them competent for any duties assigned them. 

OBDEB, 

One of nature's first laws, ought not to be neglected in the 
school room ; though that death like stillness, so much 
boasted of by some teachers, which borders on gloom, and 
produces a feeling of restraint ; a fear to change position 
when the limbs have become restless and weary, lest the 
ever watchful eye of the teacher observe and frown with 
disapprobation, is not, in our opinion, consistent with the 
laws of physiology, conducive to mental activity, or in any 
respect necessary. Nevertheless, we are of the opinion that 
such a degree of silence should be maintained, as will enable 
each student to pursue his or her study and indulge in the 
most abstruse thought, without being confused or having 
his mind divided by unnecessary noise ; more than this is 
not advantageous. But quietis only a modicum of order in 



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192 HISTOEY OP 



a school room ; since it is the design of our schools as here- 
tofore seen, to introduce culture among every class of com- 
munity, and do away with that dislike which attaches to 
rural pursuits on account of the lack of mental and social 
culture that has heretofore prevailed among the laboring 
classes, all that makes the 

LADY OR GENTLEMAN, 

(not the flirt or fop, but the real), comes within the domain' 
of order in the school room. The pupil should be taught 
loyalty to just and and wholesome laws; such as the prohi- 
bition of acts low and groveling ; the interferance in, or 
trespasses upon the rights of a fellow pupil; of impertinence^ 
to each other, in short, of everything not dignified and 
worthy ; for the farmer or mechanic, though dressed in the 
garb suitable for labor, may be as genteel and companion- 
able as the professional man ; hence, all awkward positions 
in sitting or standing, calculated to deform the spine or 
make the pupil appear awkward or bungling, such as sitting 
at the desk with the spine arched until the shoulders form 
the summit of the person, standing cross legged and leaning 
against the wall to recite a lesson ; and many others of, per- 
haps, less importance, should claim their share of attention 
and culture. 

MANNER OF ENFORCING OBEDIENCE. 

Thus far, perhaps, nearly all will agree; but on the man- 
ner of enforcing obedience to these rules; there is more 
diflerence of opinion, more wrangling, even bitterness, 
and anger displayed, than upon any other one sub- 
ject connected with our common schools, and in my 
opinion, more ipapediments thrown in the way of gen- 
eral progression, than by all other means combined. 
Some advocate brutality. Others claim that all punishment 
is degrading, and demand its abandonment. The teacher 
may render himself popular with some by being tyrannical 
and abusive ; with others, by being good, easy, good-for- 
nothing ; by letting matters pursue their own course ; flat- 
tering the pupils and telling them that they have done welb 



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MADISON COUNTY. 193 

whether that is oonsisteut with the facts or not. But it is 
not the province of the teacher to make the discovery of 
public opinion, and then acquiesce, thereby lending his 
influence to the propagation and confirmation of error^ 
which would certainly contravene and render abortive every 
laudable end to be attained by our school system ; but, to 
have well defined, comprehensive views, based on investiga- 
tion and experience, and then put in practice as well as 
teach correct principles, and thus be an instrument in the 
hands of the friends of progression, instead of a lickspittle 
in the hands of ignorance and prejudice. 

PUNISHMENT — ITS OBJECT AND ADMINISTRATION. 

Punishment properly applied, instead of being degrading 
has a divine origin. Diety has attached a penalty to every 
law throughout his wide domain. A law without penalty 
is like a vacuum, repugnant to nature^s every revelation. 
If we place our hand in the fire, nature at once inflicts the 
penalty, severe pain, thereby admonishing us of the viola- 
tion of law and warning us to desist. If we leap from too 
high an elevation, in defiance of the law of gravitation, the 
death penalty is at once inflicted; not that our Maker 
delights in our destruction, but to warn others not to 
follow our example of disobedience. And these penalties 
will never be repealed. Wisdom saw from the beginning 
that from the nature of man a restraining influence would 
be necessary as long as man inhabited the earth; hence,, 
made these laws perpetual. 

And it is our opinion that we never will arrive at a period, 
when we can entirely dispense with penalties for the 
restraint of youth, either in the school room or family, or 
of adults in society. But the teacher should discriminate 
between 

PUNISHMENT AND VENGEANCE. 

The latter has its origin in a depraved nature; it is the 

spirit of a fiend that would drag a saint down. The former 

springs from a bosom filled with philanthropy, love toward 

the child, a desire to correct his errors, and to make him a. 

13 



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J94 HISTORY OF 



more respected and a happier man. But with regard to 
the manner of punishment^ no positive rules can be laid 
down. The cases are too varied to allow of dogmatical rules. 
The teacher is compelled to act iq each case in view of all 
the circumstances^ guided by a c.ultivated judgment., and 
sound discretion. 

Some pupils require no punishipent. Some may be 
reached by an appeal to' their judgment, by showing them 
that it would be to their own advantage to pursue a differ- 
ent course. Some, by an appeal to. their pride. To some 
a look of disapprobation . is a seV^ere punishment, and is 
sufficient to keep them under proper restraint ; some may 
be of low degree, perhaps sordid ; and then it is the teach- 
er's duty to tax his ingenuity to its utmost, in the endeavor 
to discover some chord in his nature whi<^h may be made to 
vibrate, whereby his better nature may be made to assume 
control, and he be elevated in the moral scale as' far as prac- 
tical. " But, if after mature deliberation and the teacher's 
best endeavcr, it is discovered that his deleterious influence 
upon the general average, more than cou^iterbalances the 
personal benefits to himself, then expulsion from the school 
might be advisable. But it should be fully appreciated 
under all these circumstances, that no penally of law is, or 
should be, inflicted with intent to punish or cause pain for 
what has been done ; but with reference to future good, by 
preventing a repetition of the culpable acts; &rther, that 
the school-room government can not be divided afler the 
manner of our republic, into a law making, a judicial and 
an executive department; but all three departments must be 
exercised at once by the teachar ; in other words, that the 
school is necessarily an absolute monarchy, and the teacher^ 
the sole monarch ; yet we must not confound the word mon- 
archy with tyranny it is not the posession of power, but the 
abuse of power, that constitutes tyranny. 

Such, then, are the laudable ends to be attained by our 
common schools. To present to the world the as yet 
unknown phenomena of a nation of cultivated, intelligent 
&rmers and mechanics. In short, to pervade every sphere 



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MADISON COUNTY. 196 



^f life with snch a degree of intelligeace and high-toned 
moral integrity as will render every useful avocation both 
lionorable and pleasant, and thus . remove not only the 
necessity but every inbehtive which has heretofore induced 
•every individual who was so fortunate lys to acquire a reason- 
■able amount of mental culture^ to forsake the plow or shop 
of the mechanic and - turn political trickster, or something 
else, where he imagined that "he could sustain himself off the 
labor of the less cultivated classes^ and to enable such to 
£nd a more kudible appreciation of their talents in the use- 
(fill avocations of life. 

TfiE FIBST LESSON. 

And the first lesson to be learned from the above is that 
the school oaght not to be conducted with special reference 
to the interests of any particular scholar or class of schol- 
ars ; but in that way that will result in the greatest amount 
of good to the greatest possible number, independent of the 
financial or social standing of parent or pupil. If the pupil 
be a natural genius give him a full share of your attention 
^and care that his ten talents be multiplied, and that he 
become a light in the world and a useful member of society ; 
if he be below mediocrity, do as much, for you will thereby 
make him more useful to his race, and give an impetus to 
.^neral progression; if he be rich, strive to make him 
intelligent, for wealth in the hands of the intelligent philan- 
thropist is a great blessing to society ; if he he poor^ strive 
none the less; for theu on his intelligence and moral integ- 
rity will depend his usefulness to society and his own hap- 
piness; if he be low, base, or even sordid, then, on his 
oroper culture alone will depend, not only his Own temporal 
and eternal welfere, but the peace and safety of society 
:around him. 

TEMPERAMENT OF PUPILS. 

Under the above view of the subject it becomes the duty 
of the teacher to study well the natural temperament of each 
and every pupil in his school ; and for each violation to 



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196 HISTORY OP 



adopt such penalty as will produce the very best effect upon 
the violator^ with strict reference at the same time to the 
moral effect on the school as a mass ; and here is a field 
large enough to exercise all the wisdom of a Solomon or & 
Solon^ and no outside interference can be of any service, on 
the contrary, every attempt thereat will but throw obstaclea 
in the way of the successful management of the school. 

OF INCOMPETENT TEACHERS. 

What, then, it may be asked by many honest patrons of 
schools, shall we do if we have a teacher who, from lack o£ 
age, experience, or from any other cause is not competent to 
exercise such absolute authority ? To this we would say, 
emphatically, there is but one answer. Give him your cor- 
dial support, but watch narrowly his proceedings, and when, 
you, without prejudice, have honestly determined that the 
teacher is incompetent, dismiss him and make a better selec- 
tion next time. The principal controlling power to be 
depended upon, in fact, the only one allowable for the mas& 
of the school, is the respect the pupil has for the teacher ;, 
the subject of penalties applying only to the exceptions, who 
are incapable of being controlled by their finer feelings ;. 
hence, when the parent commences fault finding in the pres- 
ence of the pupils, they render it at once impossible for the 
teacher to retain. the respect of the child against the influ- 
ence of the parents, and thus disarm and totally disqualify 
him for a proper discharge of his duties. 



VARIETY CHAPTER. 

15^ In the following chapter will be found a number of inci- 
dents within themselves not considered of sufficient impor- 
tance to form separate articles. The Author has concluded 
to group them together, thereby forming, as he hopes, a 
chapter worthy the perusal of the reader. The day and 
date will not in every case be vouched for, but they are: 
thought to be correct. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 197 



In 1860, Able Johnson was found^dead near Huntsville. 
He had been in usual health. He iVas in his seventy-first 
year. 

In 1855, Peter Runnels fell through the railroad bridge 
at Anderson. Was killed. 

In 1866, a terrible accident occurred at the railroad bridge 
at Frankton. Two persons were killed and three wounded. 

In 1864, John Burk, an Irishman, was killed by a blow 
of a hatchet, in the hands of another Irishman, on Ohio 
avenue, Anderson. 

In 1-866, young Traster was killed near the Moss Island 
mills in a dispute with some young men who were intoxi- 
cated. 

In 1852, Morris Gilmore's son, aged eighteen, was acci- 
dentally shot at a shooting match in Adams township. 

In 1859, Sheriff David Watson was stabbed in a house in 
Anderson, and killed. 

In 1855, Alfred Riggs hung himself in Adams township. 
Cause unknown. 

In 1850, a boy, aged twelve years, son of Mr. Antrim, 
was drowned in Fall creek, near Huntsville. 

In 1860, James Shuman, was killed by the falling of a 
limb, three miles north of Pendleton. 

In 1854, a plot was made to rob Benjamin Snodgrass, a 
wealthy citizen of Huntsville, who had a large amount of 
gold in his house. It was arranged to burn Abel Jonson's 
barn to attract attention while they plundered the house. 
The plot was discovered before the time arrived. John 
Jones, a very respectabte man apparently, was implicated, 
and others whose names I failed to get. 

In 1873, Elizabeth Crowel, of Adams township, cut her 
throat with a razor. She, however, recovered. 

On July 4th, 1874, water was let into the hydraulic canal, 
near Chesterfield. 

In the year 1855, Kiser, Hill, and Alford started the 
first foundry at Anderson. 

In 1850, Jackson and Holaway started the marble or stone 
-cuttery at Anderson. 



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198 HISTORY OF 



In 1872^ the depot at Anderson was burned. A man hj 
the name of Walters was arrested, tried, and sentenced to 
the State Prison. On his way there he eluded the vigilance: 
of Sheriff Ross, jumped off the train and escaped. 

In the year 1873, John Blazier, of Fall Creek township,, 
died under suspicious circumstances. After being buried 
several days his remains were taken up and his stomach sent 
to Cincinnati, but nothing was disclosed to indicate poison. 
In 1864, the bridge over White River, at Anderson, waa 
built at a cost of $11,000. 

In 1871, the Stil well House at Anderson, was built at a cost 
of $40,000. 

In 1850, the United States Hotel was built in Anderson 
by Alford Makepeace. 

In 1873, the walls of the new brick building of Setb 
Hinshaw, in Alexandria, fell, causing a loss of $2,000. 

In 1873, the iron bridge over Fall Creek, at Pendleton, 
was built, superintended by J. B. Lewis. 

In 1870, Jacob Stilwell was found dead m his garden. He 
was the father of Colonel Stilwell. 

In 1874, Henry Rector was found dead in Adams town- 
ship, supposed to have been sun-struck. 

In 1867, Thomas Davis, near Pendleton, was found dead 
in his woods. He was an old citizen, aged near seventy 
years 

In 1867, the Commercial Block, at Pendleton, was built.. 
About the year 1850, the brick business and dwelling house, 
in Chesterfield, was built by George Makepeace. 

In 1865, the barn on the poor farm, south of Anderson^ 
was struck by lightning and consumed. 

About the year 1852, the seminary was built at Anderson.. 

In 1859, Arnold Drury cut his throat with a razor, near 
the south line of Fall Creek township. 

In 1871, five brick school houses were built in Anderson 
township, by Samuel Myres, trustee. 

In April, 1872, J. T. Swain's house was consumed by 
fire, near Huntsville ; loss $2,000. 

In 1866, a son of W. W. Noland, aged eighteen years^ 



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MADISON COUNTY. 199 



fell out of an up-stairs window in Anderson, and was 
killed. 

In 1873, the brick school houses of Markleville and New 
Columbus were built at a cost of $1,200, by John J. Jus- 
tice, trustee. 

In 1866, E. J. Culipher committed suicide at his home 
in the east edge of Fall Creek to unship, aged sixty-five 
years. 

In 1867, William Sloan, jr., undertook to ride a horse over 
the railroad bridge at Anderson. The result was that he 
fell through and broke his leg, and lay there until the fol- 
lowing morning. The first passing train carried the poor 
horse over the bridge. It need scarcely be added that 
William was somewhat intoxicated. 

In 1829, Moses Whetstone was appointed justice. The 
same year Moses Surber was appointed justice of the peace 
for Adams township. 

In 1830, Thomas McCallister was elected justics for 
Adams township. 

In 1831, James P. Irish was elected coroner. 

In 1834, William McKain was elected justice of the 
peace. 

In October, 1834, R. N. Williams was elected clerk and 
recorder. 

In 1830, Hiram Burch .acted as justice of the peace for 
Adams township. 

In 1825, Elijah Ellis was appointed county surveyor. 

In 1824, Samuel Cory was commissioned the first sherifiT 
in the county. 

In 1825, Saul Shaul was commissioned coroner. 

In 1823, Ausal Richmond was appointed clerk for a per- 
iod of seven years. 

In 1827, James Campbell was appointed county sur- 
veyor. The following were commissioned as justices in the 
year 1826 : Elisha Chapman, Abram Miller, Jacob Hiday, 
Richard Kinnaman, John Snodgrass; and in 1827, A. 
Makepeace, William Young, Charles Clark, Daniel Wise, 
Daniel Hardesty ; and in 1828, William Curtis, S. Penn, 



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200 HISTORY OF 



In 1829, James P. Irish was appointed surveyor. 

In 1829, James Scott was commissioned probate judge. 

In 1826, John Busby waa commissioned justice of the 
peace. 

In 1823, Moses Cox was commissioned the first clerk of 
the county. 

In 1834, Hugh Gillmore was killed near New Columbus 
while falling a tree for the purpose of clearing the ground 
for a grave yard. He himself was among the first to be 
buried there. He was the father of Morris Gillmore, spoken 
of in another place. 

In 1 874, the brick school house was built in Fishersburg. 

In 1874, J. R. Silver built his residence near Pendelton. 

In 1872, Decatur McCallister shot himself on his father^s 
porch in Adams township and died immediately, and was 
buried by the Masonic fraternity at Pendelton. His age 
was twenty-two years. 

The first ferry over White river at Anderson was kept by 
a man by the name of Kl utter. It was afterward kept by 
G. T. Hoover. 

The bridge over White river was swept away by high 
water in the year 1848. 

The south side of the public square was burned in 1852. 

James Tharp was killed by Edward Cox by a blow over 
the head with a gun, at a shooting match just east of Ander- 
son, in the year 1847. 

T. J. Langdon, the first printer in Anderson, edited a 
flmall paper called the Federal Union, in the year 1834. 

The Court House was built in 1838 by Ballard Craw- 
ford. 

William Myres' house was burnt down in Anderson in 
1865. 

Jacob Hubbard had an arm blown ofi^ at a ratification 
meeting, by the premature discharge of a cannon, at Ander- 
son, on July 10th, 1868. 

In 1825 Caroline HoUiday was lost in the woods, four 
miles southwest of Pendleton. It was the occasion of a 
great excitement throughout the neighborhood. This little 



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MADISON COUNTY. 201 



girl, aged four years, proved herself a heroine. After 
spending the night surrounded by howling wolves, she 
responded calmly to a call of her frantic mother on the 
following day. 

Mrs. Larcher died in Markleville, in 1873, aged ninety- 
five. She was buried at New Columbus. 

Elizabeth Boram died at Markleville, in 1874, aged ninety. 
She was the mother of George, John and Gideon Boran. 

In 1826 a terrible tornado swept over a portion of our 
<30unty, three miles south of Anderson. Its track is yet 
marked by a growth of small timber, the larger having 
been all swept away. 

The first brewery was started at Anderson in 1865, by 
Doxey and Craycraft. 

The saw mill between Huntsville and Columbus was 
built in 1839, by Brown and McAllister. 

The three first, blacksmiths at Anderson were Bane, Keed, 
and Blodgett. 

In 1856, Loran Beeman was killed at the raising of W. 
G. Atherton^s warehouse at Anderson. 

The tan yard at Chesterfield was started in 1830, by 
Osborn and brother. It soon fell into the hands of Amisa 
Makepeace, who conducted it for many years. It finally 
passed into the hands of Mr. Williams, and in 1870 ceased 
to exist. 

The tan yard at Pendleton was started in the year 1827, 
by Thomas McCartney. It has since been owned by 
Charles Mitchell, Aaron Shawl, Mr. West, H. Neal, A. M. 
Ulin, A. E. Russell, James Thomas, and Neal Hardy and 
J. O. Hardy, and in 1863 went down. 

In 1852, Griffith Jackson was prosecuted for obstructing 
the railroad near his house, and a short distance north of 
Pendleton. There being -no positive proof, he was released. 

In 1863, Harvey Craven was accidentally shot in the arm 
by H. Bates. A company of soldiers had come from 
Indianapolis to demolish his whisky shop, and Mr. Bates 
fired at them and hit Mr. Craven, who was walking on the 
opposite side of the street. 



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202 HISTORY OF 



In 1872 H. J. BrowD; postmaster, was shot in the mouth 
by A. C. DaviS; in a politictal quarrel. Mr. B. was but 
slightly hurt. 

In 1867 Dr. Walker, of Pendleton, was hit with a stone 
by Robert Traster, while engaged in a dispute with H. D. 
Thompson. Mr. W. was severely hurt. 

In 1863, a sanitary meeting was held at Anderson to raise 
money for the sick and wounded soldiers. This meeting 
was addressed by Chaplain Losier, and $1,400 were promptly 
raised. A beautiful flag was presented to the delegation 
from Adams township, for being the largest. The presenta- 
tion speech was made by R. N. Clark, Esq., of Anderson. 

On the 29th day of May, 1873, the Moss Island Mills 
were consumed by fire. They were owned by W. B. Allen, 
and valued at $10,000. 

On October 10th, 1874, the grist mill of J. T. Adair & 
Co., at Elwood, was burned with a loss of $8,000. 

A grand ratification meeting was held at Anderson, on 
October 19th, 1874, over the election returns of the thir- 
teenth. Bonfires and illuminations, and speeches were the 
order of the evening. The speeches were made by W. C. 
Fleming, Col. Berry, William Roach, W. A. Hunt, J. 8. 
Falkner, A. C. McCallister, James McConnel, and D. B. 
Simms. 

Jackson's mill, one mile above Anderson, on White river, 
was built by Andrew Jackson, iu the year 1836. It is now 
owned by David Jackson, and is valued at $6,000. 

The Michener Machine Works, on the north end of Jack- 
son street, Anderson, was started in 1870. Incorporated 
into a company, on August 1st, 1872. The capital stock is 
$30,000. D. W. Swank, President; James Hazelett, Geo. 
Nichol, Samuel Kiser, Abe Michener and James Michener^ 
compose the company. These shops employ twenty-five 
hands. 

In 1863, J. E. D. Smith was killed near Hamilton, by a 
saw log rolling on him. He was a highly respected citizen 
of Anderson. 

W. Edwards was killed near Anderson, in 1866, in the 



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MADISON COUNTY. 203 



same manner. Mr. E. lived two miles south of Anderson. 
Just as we go to press a shocking murder has been dis- 
covered two and a half miles south-east of Anderson. A 
young man by the name of Albert Mawson was accidentally 
found in an old well. He had been thrown there, it is sup- 
posedy in June, 1874, about three months previous to his 
discovery. Great excitement of course followed such a dis- 
covery. His mother and brother were both arrested. 
While undergoing a preliminary trial, Mrs. Mawson took 
poison and terminated the matter so far as she was con- 
cerned. Thomas, the brother, at this writing, is confined in 
the county jail awaiting a final trial, on which occasion there 
will be facts developed which at this writing we know not 
of. Before this is in print discoveries may be made which 
will present the subject in a new phase. Hence, we will 
not make any further comment, and await a full develop- 
ment. With this brief statement, we will close our History, 
which brings us to October 20th, 1874. 



MOBBING OF HON, FREDERICK DOUG- 
LAS AT PENDLETON, IN 1843- 

One of the most disgraceful scenes enacted within our county 
was the mobbing of Fred. Douglas. This was in the year 
1843, at Pendleton. Mr. D., and a number of other dis- 
tinguished men, had been sent out West by the Anti-Slavery 
Society, on a lecturing tour, visiting many points in the 
West and North. Their meeting at Pendleton was held out 
doors, and was attended by a large concourse of people. The 
place selected for the meeting was on the north side of the 
creek, and just west of where J. O. Hardy now lives, and a 
short distance below the Falls. The meeting had progressed 
perhaps some thirty minutes without interruption, when one 
John Rix walked up to the stand, took up the pitcher of 
water, setting it to one side, at the same time saying, " Boys, I 



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204 HISTORY OF 



see there is nothing to be done unless I make the start/' 
This man, Rix, seemed to give an impetus to the move, for 
several became emboldened. Among those who were fore- 
most were Peter Runnels, Duke Scott, Thomas Collins, and 
others, whose names do not now occur. 

Mr. Douglass, it seems, at once became demoralized, and 
in attempting to git over the fence was hit with a stone and 
otherwise hurt. He was taken to the house of Dr. Edwin 
Fussell, who lived near George R. Diven's residence in 
Pendleton. By this time the excitement was high. It was 
reported that Dr. FusselPs house would be mobed on that 
night, and to offset or counteract or prevent any further 
violence, the friends of humanity and good order rallied and 
formed a guard around the doctor's house. In the mean- 
time Mr. Douglass's wounds were dressed and he was cared 
for by Dr. Fussell. Among others who were active in pro- 
tecting Mr. Douglass were Neal Hardy, Isaac Busby, Joel 
James, John J. Lewis, and Dr. Fussell. About night-fall 
the guard sent out a delegation on the New Columbus road 
to see if there were any signs of the mob returning. They 
came back and reported the mob was coming. This caused 
some stir, and it is said some of the guard returned to 
more healthy quarters. The rumor, however, proved with, 
out foundation, and all was soon quiet. Some of the lead- 
ers of the mob were arrested and lodged in jail at Anderson, 
when a cry went up for their release. What ! put in jail 
for mobing a negro ? This would never do. They must 
be released. 

The day was set. New Columbus was the headquarters, 
the leading spirit was Thomas McCallister, who had been 
raised in Virginia, and was somewhat prejudiced against 
the negro, besides having great influence over his neighbors. 
The day came. Early in the day an excited crowd gathered at 
New Columbus — started to Anderson. They, however, 
stopped before reaching the town with the wagon containing 
guns, ammunition, etc., and a delegation sent in to demand the 
surrender of Peter Runnels and, perhaps, others who had 
been arrested. For a time hot work was imminent. In the 



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MADISON COUNTY. 205 



meantime the friends of law and order were not idle. Cap* 
tain Berry and W. B. Allen were among those who 
were fbremost in sustaining the law. Good counsel, how- 
ever, at last prevailed ; and what seeme<l, a short time pre- 
vious, as the worst of consequences was averted. The 
release of Peter Runnels soon followed, the mob disbanded, 
and soon all was quiet. Mr. McAllister, though active in 
having Mr. Runnels released was not slow in using his 
influence to stay the approaching trouble that was fast brew- 
ing, and it was mainly through his influence that the mob 
was disbanded. Thus we have hastily passed over the main 
features of this disgraceful scence that never has occurred 
but once in our county, and we hope it will never again. 
What a change has come over us. Mr. Douglass could not 
only lecture in our midst now, bot a crowded house would 
await him, though an admittance fee were charged at the 
door. 

Mr, Neal Hardy, many years after the above occurred, 
received a letter from Mr. Douglas, thanking him for his 
protection, and interest he and others took in his welfare on 
that occasion. We are glad to note a change in Pendleton ; 
not that a negro may speak amongst us, but the grand prin- 
ciple — ^the right to speak our sentiments throughout our 
country ; the freedom of the press and speech — this senti- 
ment must live if we would succeed as a free, independent 
people. 

Doubtless those living and taking part in the above mob, 
will hardly endorse to-day free press and free speech. The 
contrary of this, in fact, was the cause of our late civil war, 
which has so greatly injured us as a nation. Its results, 
though dear, have been glorious ; but all have to respect 
our rights, though black he may be, and our future will be 
bright. 



CEMETERIES OP THE COUNTY. 

I was always aware that our cemeteries are, to a great 
extent, neglected, but not until going over the county was I 



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206 HISTORY OF 



aware to what extent. I have necessarily been in and 
passed by many of them during the summer just closed. 
My attention has been called to them more directly, per- 
hapS; than one carelessly passing by, and it may be that I 
will say something that will grate harshly on the ears of 
some that have friends buried in those neglected spots. 
Some are but little better than black berry patches, sheep 
pastures or the homes of wild beasts, or as the poet has 
expressed it, " Tis the vulture^s abode, where the snakes in 
the nettle weeds hiss." I am glad that there are some 
honorable exceptions and that there are a few cemeteries 
where the hand of care has been and where beantifiil flow- 
ers bloom on the graves of loved ones departed. This is as 
it should be. While they can no longer care for themselves 
it is fitting that we should care for them. The cemetery 
at best has but few charms and especially few if overgrown 
with briers and brush, where hooting owl and other kind- 
red spirits hold midnight revelry. Reader, have you some 
dear friend now lying in yonder lonely, but yfet dear spot, 
now half grown over with brushes and with, perhaps, no 
fence to keep out intruding stock? If so resolve to make 
amends, and though you may not be able to furnish a 
monument to pierce the air, you are perhaps able to clear 
away the offending brush. Plant a vine or something that 
will live in winter and will be a lasting tribute to their 
memory. We have by far too many cemeteries — that is, 
there are too many private burying places. This is all well 
enough while the immediate friends live to care for them, 
but thess inclosures may pass into other hands and the fences 
be fidlen down and the tombstones broken. The result is 
that the plow-share will soon upturn the turf that covers 
their remains. 

Our cemeteries should be selected with care, should be 
well fenced and incorporated. This course would be better 
than to have so many lonely spots which serve for ceme- 
teries throughout the county. The cemetery at Frankton, 
from its neglect, has been the cause of comment in our 
county papers. I doubt its being worse than many others 



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MADISON COUNTY. 207 

in the county. Let us look to our cemeteries remembering 
that we too are hastening to this final resting placs^ whether 
it be fitting or not. While writings my mind recalls that 
immortal poem by Gray which has no superiors and few 
equals in the English language, snd from which we quote 
the fifteenth stanza as it seems in point : 

''Some village Hampden that with dauntless breast 
The little tyrant of his fields withstood, 
Some mute, inglorious Milton here may rest, 
Some Cromwell guiltless of his country'%Ji>lood." 



PEEflONAL SKETCH OF JOHN ALLEN. 

Mb. a. son of William Allen came to the county with 
his father in 1820 when eleven years of age. He located 
two miles %ast of Anderson, where he has resided ever 
since. Mr. A. has served as lieutenant in the Military Ser- 
vice or Militia which was common many years ago. 

He has served as coroner and was justice of the peace 
from 1840 to 1845. He has served as township trustee ten 
years. He owns a fine &rm of two hundred and thirty 
acres — part of which he entered in 1830. Mr. A. is per- 
haps the best posted in pioneer history of any man now liv- 
ing in the county. Fifty-four years has elapsed since he 
came to the county, a mere lad, and he is now an old and 
white headed man, bent with the cares of time. He has 
lived to see the Indians retreat, the dense forest cleared away 
and Anderson built up. School bouses and churches dot 
our county, his early associates are scattered — his compan- 
ion summoned away, and early privations replaced by mod- 
em conveniences. He has witnessed a few score of 
pioneers develope into a prosperous community of twenty- 
five thousand. His wife died June 2, 1873 and is buried at 
the cemetery belonging to the United Brethren Church, one 
mile west of Chesterfield. 



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208 HISTORY OP 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF PHILIP P. ANSHULTZ. 

Mr. Anshultz was born in Ohio, in 1834, came to Switz- 
erland county, Ind., in 1838, and moved from there to- 
Stoney Creek township in August, 1849. He was elected 
justice of the peace in 1865, and is now serving his third 
term. Mr. A. has acted as trustee one term, and has taught 
school sixteen years. He was a soldier in the war of Seces- 
sion, in Company K, '8th Regiment Indiana Volunteers. 
He volunteered in July, 1861, as a private; was promoted 
to corporal and was in the battle of Port Gibson, Champion 
Hills, Black river, and seige of Vicksburgh. Mr. A. is a 
member of the Christian Church at Forest Chapel, and an 
Elder in the same. He is an active Republican, and resides 
near the centre of the township, about a mile and a hair 
north of Shanklin^s Mill. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF ENOS ADAMSON.. 

The subject of this sketch came to this county in 1827^,. 
and located one mile east of Huntsville on the farm now 
owned by George R. Diven. He lived there but a short 
time, removing to Huntsville, where he engaged in the- 
milling and mercantile business. The mills were consumed" 
by fire in 1848, causing him considerable loss. He rebuilt 
the mills, sold them to Wilson and Cockayne, and removed., 
to Missouri^ and died their about the year 1850. His wife 
died and was buried at Huntsville a few years previous ta 
his removal. They had four children, whose names were 
Thomas, John, Elizabeth, and Louisa Jane. Mr. Adamson. 
was regarded as a very honest man and will be remembered 
as a great help to Huntsville, the home of his manhood^ 
where his best days were spent. He was, at one time, worth, 
a great amount of property^ but it is understood that he lost^ 



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MADISON COUNTY. 209 



the greater part of it by his removal West. I never saw 
Mr. Adamson, and can give no sketch of his personal 
appearance. Some who read this will call to mind his form 
and doubtless many kind acts which were characteristic of 
the man. Of his children there are none living within the 
county and their place of residence is unknown to the 
writer. Here we leave this interesting family as any 
further account would not be of general interest. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OP W. B. ALLEK 

Among the early citizens of the county we find Mr, 
Allen. He was born in Kentucky, in 1809, and came to the 
county in 1828. He was a collector of the county revenue 
in 1828 and '29. At one time he was elected coroner, and 
another wassheriflF. From 1841 to 1845, during the excite- 
ment of the mobbing Frederick Douglass^ he used prompt 
measures to restore order. Mr. A. has been closely identi- 
fied with the interests of the county, and has partaken of 
its fortunes and of misfortunes, to some extent. In other 
words, he has been, financially, on the mountain top and in 
the valley below. He has, quite recently, in May, 1873, 
lost f 8,000 by the burning of his mill, two miles west of 
Anderson. He has, however, since rebuilt his mill, and it 
is now in running order. Mr. Allen, with the exception of 
John Allen, a distant relative, is, perhaps, the best posted 
in early history of any man in the county. Mr. A. is the 
father of Captain Ethan Allen, who is well known through- 
out the county, and of Mrs. Marshal Bonner, of Anderson. 
Mr. A. is low, heavy set, of a light complexion and careless 
of his dress. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OP WILLIAM ALLEN. 

The subject of this sketch was among the very first to set- 
tle in Madison county. He was born in Philadelphia, in 
14 



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210 HISTORY OF 



1791; removed to Ohio in 1816; and from there to two 
miles east of Anderson, in 1821. He was justice of the 
peace ; taught school in 1824^ and was a correspondent of 
the war department for John Berry in regard to Indiana 
troubles, that gave our pioneers so much perplexity about 
that time. He was the first assessor in the county, and the 
first election was held in his house. He also acted as 
county commissioner. In religious belief, he was a New 
Light. He served in the war of 1 81 2. His land was entered 
June 19th, 1823. His wife died in 1840. They had tep 
children, six of whom are dead. Mr. Allen had the first 
whip-saw in the county, and Sawed the lumber for the old 
Makepeace mill at Chesterfield, assisted by Abel Bodle. 
Mr. Allen was first hurried at the old cemetery at Ander- 
son ; but was removed to the new cemetey by his son, John 
Allen, spoken of in another place. In person, Mr. Allen 
was tall and slim. He died in 1829, when the country was 
comparatively new ; and was not permitted to see it devel- 
oped to any great extent. He was a man well informed, 
and of good business qualifications, which were appreciated 
at that early day. At the time of his death, he was in his 
aixty-second year. 



PEBSONAL SKETCH OP RANDALL BIDDLB, 

Mi(. B, came with his father from North Carolina in 
1829, and settled near Columbus. He was elected trustee 
of Adams township in 1862, and served eight years. He 
was elected justice of the peace, but did not qualify, as be 
removed to Missouri soon after. He returned after one 
year's absence. Mr. B. is a Democrat, and is a committee- 
man from Adams township at this time. He has served as 
Master of Ovid Lodge for a period of eight years. He is 
tbj9 son of Caleb Biddle, om of tl^e ewrly settlers of the 
iSQuptj, and brother of James Biddle, livwg near Columbi^ 



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MADIS^ OOXINTY. Ul 



PEESONAL SKETCH OP WILLIS G. 
ATHERTON. 

Mr. a. was born in Kentucky, in 1799, He was the 
second merchant in Anderson, and continued in business for 
:d, number of years. He built the first brick house in Ander- 
son. It is yet standing and is known as the Atherton cor- 
ner. This house was built in 1837. Mr. A. was a member 
o( the Legislature in 1840. He ran against Dr. Henry 
Wyman. He was elected ai; a Whig, having always acted 
^ith that party. In religious belief and profession he was 
^ Presbyterian. He was the father of Mort. and R. V. 
Atherton and Mrs. 6. W. Bowen, all of Anderson. Mr. 
Atherton removed to Iowa in 1860, and died there in 1871, 
Mr. Atherton formerly lived near Indianapolis, perhaps as 
•early as 1825. In person, Mr. A. was 5 feet 8 inches in 
iiight, of fair complexion and light hair. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF JOHN BERRY. 

Thb subject of this sketch came to MadisoB county 
March the 4th, 1821. Ikitttred land on the {uresent site of 
Anderson, and was among the very fiitet settleits. He 
donated sixty acres of land for the town with the reserva- 
tion of some choice lots. He was stron^y in favor of mov- 
ing the county seat from Pendleton to Anderson, and 
labored to that end. He was elected one of the fii*8t justices' 
<i the peace in the county ; ran for associate judge, bat was 
d^eated. He kept the first tavern stand in Anderscm, 
k«own far and wide at that time. Mr^ Berry was born in 
Pennsylvania, 1777, and died in 1835, wUle at Hunting- 
ixHi, Indkna, with a drove of hogs^ add was buried thei^ 
He is tiie father of Nineviah Berry, sket<dled in tmoiket 
fhee. Mr. Berry was Urge and of oommandiag appegr« 



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212 HISTORY OP 



ance, weighing two hundred pounds. Whether Mr. Berry's 
talent was ever brought into actual operation in time of war 
the writer is not able to say ; however, nature seems to have 
qualified him for a military man. He seems, at least, to 
have taken a leading part in the home drill. It seems to 
be fitting that his remains should rest at Anderson^ the. 
home of his choice, and. for which he done so much ta 
redeem from the red man and the wilderness. His com- 
panion and Ninevah, his son, hearing of his sickness, which- 
terminated in his death as above stated, started to go ta 
administer to his wants, but some unforseen accident hap- 
pening, they returned. How few comparatively will calt 
to mind Mr. Berry, but those few will remember him as a^ 
worthy man and a bold pioneer. 



PEESONAL SKETCH OF COLONEL NINEVAH 

BERRY. 

Mb. B. was bom in Clark county, Ohio, in 1804 ; came 
with his father to Anderson in 1820; jias lived there .ever 
since. He served as • county recorder for seven years ; 
county treasurer two years; was postmaster in 1845; 
served in-th^ Mexican wiai<; t^as an aetoi in several im*^ 
portant battles. He was coutity surveyorfrom; 1831 iot ^ 
term of years ; served a» deputy sheriff; took an active part 
in sustaining the law when Peter Runnels was in jail i(ft 
mobbing Fredi Douglass when atPendJeton ; was in charge 
of thef guard under W. B. Allen, then acting sheriff; For 
this he lost, to . some extent, his popularity. He has lived, 
however, to have the approval of his coulrse in that exciting 
c^lsei Conscious to this day of having done nothing hat 
his'^ty^ Mr. B.is an active Mason and a charter membei 
of the Chapter at Anderson; also a member of Mount 
Midrifth, No. 77. He wai^ induced*'' to run for mayor iU 
1870^ but was defeated. by L; C, Martiadale. ' Mri B. has 



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MADISON COUNTY. 213 

acted as marshall at all the principal Masonic funerals 
throughout the county. He is engaged in keeping a family 
grocery at Anderson. He has the characteristics of his 
father as regards a military man, in which capacity he has 
had some experience. Mr. B. is a large man, commanding 
in appearance, weighing over two hundred pounds — a little 
above six feet in hight. Throughout all his associations 
both public and private, he has maintained the honor and 
respectability of all his fellow citizens for a period of fifty 
years. I am indebted to Mr. B. for valuable information 
on the early history of the county, for which he has our 
thanks. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OP DR. W. P. BRICiCLEY. 

Dr. Brickley came* from Randolph county, Indiana, in 
1855y and located at Huntsville, and imm^iately com- 
menced the practice of medicine. He had an extensive 
practice which embraced large territory up to 1867, when 
lie removed to Des Moines, Iowa, where he remained one 
year. Returning again to Madison county, he bought a 
farm on the Pendleton and Newcastle turnpike, four miles 
«ast of the former place, where he lived until the year 1872. 
He then removed to Anderson, where he now resides, and is 
engaged in the practice of his profession. I first became 
acquainted with Mr. Brickley in 1855. I lived neighbor to 
him in Huntsville, and always found him gentlemanly and 
obliging. He was full of life and did not object to a good 
dinner. Dr. Brickley is regarded by the profession as a 
worthy and skillful member. Mrs. Brickley is a true lady, 
• kind and Christian-like, and her everyday walk gives evi- 
dence of a noble hearted woman. This couple, on the 26th 
of September, 1874, celebrated their silver wedding, on 
which occasion they received the congratulations of their 
numerous friends. May their union continue until they 
can, in like manner, celebrate their golden wedding. 



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214 HISTORY OP 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF FREDERICK BRON^ 
ENBERG, 8R. 

Mb. B. was born in Germany ; came to Madison county 
in 1819, and settled three and one-half miles east of Ander- 
son. He lived there one year; then removed to the north 
side of "White river, remaining one year; then to the south 
side of the river, one mile west of Chesterfield, where he 
continued to live up to the day of his death. Mr. B. was a 
very useful man in his day, having built a grist mill and 
saw mill, and woUen factory, which were of untold benefit 
to the settlers of that day. They were consumed by fire in 
1847, which caused considerable loss to Mr. B. He owned 
at one time, seven hundred acres of choice land, which he 
lived to see developed into one of the finest farms in the 
county. Mr. B. stood fair among his fellow citizens, whom 
he served as county commissioner in 1834. Mr. B. raised 
a large family, among whom are John, Frederick, Michael,^ 
Jacob, Henry and Carl, all of whom are living, with the excep- 
tion of the first named. Mr. B. was in religious faith, a Univer- 
salist, and politically, a Democrat. He died in 1853, aged 
sixty-seven years ; and is hurried on the old homestead. 
The name of Broneberg is closely associated with the early 
history of the county, coming here early as he did and tak- 
ing an active interest in the development of its resources. 
He saw the necessity of mills at that early day, and was the 
first to make a move to supply that want. It is fitting that 
his name should be held in grateful rememberance. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF THOMAS L. BECK- 

WITH. 

Mr. B. was bom in New York State in 1815; came 
to Anderson in 1820, and remained there until 1836, whea 



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MADISON COUNTY. 21§ 



he removed to Perkinsville^ where he has resided ever since* 
On his arrival at the latter place^ he commenced the mer* 
cantile business, which he has continued in up to the pres- 
ent time. He was appointed postmaster at Perkinsville in 
1844 ; has held the office ever since and is the oldest post- 
master in the county, if not in the State. He was elected 
county commissioner in 1852 ; was a candidate for the leg- 
islature in 1856 against T. N. Stilwell, running ahead of his 
ticket three hundred votes, being beaten by Colonel Stil- 
well only seventy votes, showing his immense popularity. 
Mr. B. is one of the earliest settlers on White river, and 
was at the execution of the Indian murderers at the Falls 
in 1824. He went to mill as far as Centerville before the 
mills on White river were in operation He has watched 
with interest the growth and development of our county ; 
has taken a great interest in pikes, railroads, school houses^ 
etc., and has accumulated a considerable amount of' prop- 
erty in Perkinsville and vicinity, where he enjoys the confi- 
dence of his fellow citizens. Politically, he is Eepublican, 
since the death of the old Whig party. He was also a 
staunch war man ; and is at this writing a candidate for 
county treasurer. In person Mr. B. is rather under the 
medium size, of a fair complexion, and is a little lame. 



PEESONAL SKETCH OP THOMAS BELL. 

Mr. Bell was born in Kentucky in 1791 ; came to Mad- 
ison county in 1828 ; settled at the Falls of Fall creek, 
where he remained three years, when he removed to Adams 
township, on the south bank of Fall creek, two and a half 
miles north of Markleville, where he continued to live until 
1854. He removed to Anderson, remaining there but a 
short time, losing his wife there. In 1865 he returned to 
the north part of Adams township, where he married again, 
a Mrs Adams. Mr. B. represented the county for a period 



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216 HISTORY OF 



of thirteen years, serving in both houses from 1832 to 1845 ; 
was at one] time the most popular man in the county, receiv- 
ing all the votes in his township save one ; at one time 
owned five hundred and ten acres of choice land on Fall 
creek, worth, at present, perhaps thirty thousand dollars. 
During the early part of Mr. B/s life he was a Presbyte- 
rian, but in 1840 he joined the M. E. Church ; gave liber- 
ally to build a house on his farm, this being a very popular 
meeting place in early days. His house was always open to 
the poor as well as the rich. However, he proved rather a 
poor financier, consequently he died a poor man in 1862. 
He is buried at the Gilmore graveyard, just east of New 
Columbus. There is nothing to mark the resting place of 
" this truly good man.^' Will not some one move to have 
a suitable stone erected to his memory ? I never saw Mr. 
B. but once. This was a short time previous to his death. 
He was then a poor, broken down man-, and stooping. Dark 
skin. His last days were those of almost want. His is an 
honorable grave, though obscure and unmarked. This is 
preferable rather than riches dishoner, and a towering 
monument. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF GEORGE R, BORAM. 

Among my first acquaintances in the county was Mr. 
Boram, living one mile east of Huntsville on the New 
Columbus road, where he owned a splendid farm and had 
just erected a fine residence. This was in 1854. Mr. Boram 
was elected, in 1862, as a Democrat, to the oflSce of county 
commissioner, which office he filled with ability. He was 
for several years engaged largely in the grain trade in 
Anderson, where he owned a warehouse. He was also 
engaged in the hog trade and pork packing at Pendleton. 
He came with his parents from Virginia, when he was a 
young man, where he taught school in winter and labored 
through the summer, and where, it might be said, he 



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MADISON COUNTY. 217 

made his start in the world. He accumulated a large 
amount of property. Mr. Boram was a large and portly 
man^ making a good appearance^ with dark hair^ heavy 
eyebrows^ prominent features, indicating a strong mind 
with good social qualities and with general information. 
He was a devoted Mason and Odd Fellow, in which insti- 
tutions he took great interest. He was, in faith, a strong 
Universalist, and contributed largely in the building of 
the church of that order in Pendelton. He died in April, 
1869, a little past the meridian of life, surrounded by all 
the comforts of home and confidence of friends. He was 
buried at Huntsville by the Masonic and Odd Fellow fra- 
ternities, attended by one of the largest processions ever 
witnessed in this part of the county. He had, at his 
death, a life policy, of five thousand dollars. His family 
now reside in Anderson. Mr. Boram is a brother of John 
Boram, of Adams township, and also of Gideon Boram, 
of Anderson. His father died in 1856. His mother died 
in 1874, aged ninety-five years. They are both buried at 
CoUier^s cemetery in Adams county. 



SKETCH OF THE BUSBY FAMILY. 

This family came to the county from Virginia in an 
early day, about 1825. The older set consist of John, 
Thomas and Isaac. John lived for many years on the farm 
now owned by Joel Garretson, in the southern part of Fall 
Creek township, near Lick creek. He was regarded as a 
very excellent man ; was large and fine looking, and took 
great interest in training, when he was in his zenith. He 
removed west several years ago, highly esteemed by all 
who became acquainted with him here in this county. I 
believe he is still living. Thomas located in Stoney Creek 
township in 1836, where he had great influence and served 
a term of years as justice of the peace. He was an active 



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21« HISTORY 0F 



member of the M. E. Church and assisted greatly in build- 
ing up that society in Stoney Creek township. His influ- 
ence was always on the side of morality and temperance. 
He was bom in Virginia in 1791, and died in 1865, and is 
buried near Fishersburg. He lived to see the slave go free, 
and, like a shock of cori;i fully ripe, he was gathered to his 
Father. He is the father of Samuel Busby, who lives east 
of Fishersburg, where he owns a fine farm. Samuel is also 
a member of the M. E. Church, and is regarded as a very 
worthy man. Isaac located three ana a half miles east of 
Pendleton on what is now the Pendleton and New Castle 
Pike, where he lived for a period of thirty-five years, and 
where to a great extent he developed the native forest into 
one of the finest farms in Fall Creek township. I first 
became acquainted with Mr. B. in 1855. He was one of 
those men the more you know of whom the better you like 
them. He was an excellent fireside companion, and well 
posted on the Scriptures and political matters. In faith he 
was a Universalist, believing in the salvation of all man- 
kind. Indeed, this seemed to be his theme. It is said 
that every man has his hobby, and I may say of this man, 
that salvation was his. Mr. B. was a Whig till the party 
ceased to exist, after which time he acted with the Republi- 
can party. He took a lively interest in the late war and 
his best wishes were with the boys in blue. He, like his 
brother Thomas, lived to see the war close, and peace once 
more smile before he laid down to his last slumber. He is 
the father of Silas Busby, who lives just south of Hamilton 
in Jackson township ; also, of Mrs. Joshua L. Fussell, a 
very estimable lady, who lives in the southern part of Fall 
Creek township ; and of Mrs. Franklin Darlington, of Fall 
Creek; and of Mrs. John Willson, of Monroe township* 
Isaac died in April, 1874, aged seventy-four. His funeral 
was one of the largest ever witnessed in the southern part of 
the county. He is buried on the iarm originally owned by 
him, in the Busby cemetery. Mr. B. was a large man, full 
six feet high, bent with age, thin visage, small, piercing 
gray eyes, high forehead and florid complexion. Here we 



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MADISON COTJNTY 219 



will close this short, imperfect sketch of this family, falling 
far short of what it should be, but serving till abler pens 
than mine shall sketch them in a more deserving manner. 



PEESONAL SKETCH OP R. N. CLARK. 

Mb. Clark came, with his parents, to the county in 1833 ; 
located near Pendleton ; became a citizen of Anderson in 
1841, where he was engaged in the mercantile business for a 
number of years. He was a collector of revenue during the 
war, and was a candidate for county treasurer in 1864. 
He made a very respectable race. He was, however, 
defeated by a few votes, in favor of W. W. Noland. Mr. 
C. has been an active member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church ; was an earnest worker in all its relations ; was 
superintendent of the Sabbath school for a perioc^ of nine 
years. He was president of the county Sunday School 
Union for two years, and chairmain of the Republican Cen- 
tral Committee for four years. In each of the above 
capacities he served with distinction and ability. He was 
foremost in every good work. His special delight seemed 
to be in the temperance cause, and his co-workers will call 
to mind his unsparing zeal in this work. In person, Mr. 
C. is rather under the medium size, of fair complexion and 
good features, and is a speaker of some ability. 

Since the above was written, Mr. Clark has been sum- 
moned to his last account, and in connection with the above 
we will give an obituary notice published in the Herald at 
the time of his death. His widow is the daughter of Andrew 
Jackson, of Anderson. 

RALPH N. CLARK. 

The article on the occasion of the death pf a former resi- 
dent of this place, we copy from the Anderson Herald: 



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220 HISTORY OF 



" In the death of Ralph N. Clark, our community is bereft 
of one of its most esteemed and highly respected citizens. 
He was born in Monroe county, Virginia, on the 12th of 
September, 1821. He came to this county and settled near 
Pendleton, with his parents in 1833. About thirty-four 
years ago he came to Anderson, when it was a mere village, 
and soon became closely idententified with all its interests ; 
and from that time to his death, was one of its leading spirits 
in all its enterprises and improvements. He united with 
the M. E. church about twenty years ago, and at once entered 
upon a career of activity and usefulness. He was made a 
class-leader soon after he joined, which place hh occupied 
until his death, with the exception of a brief period while a 
resident of Pendleton. In the Sunday school work, he has 
been more than ordinarily active and successful. It was 
his chosen part of the Master^s vineyard, and in it he always 
delighted to labor. He assisted in the organization of the 
first Sunday school ever held in Anderson, and was its 
superintendent, even before he became a member of church. 
When the M. E. church organized a school of its own, he 
assisted in its organization, and the preparation of its con- . 
stitution and by-laws, which are still used for the govern- 
ment of the school, with very little change or amendment. 
For nine years he was its honored superintendent, and to his 
energy and faithfulness, the school and church owe much of 
their prosperity and position at the present time. 

" When the Madison County Sunday School Union was 
organized, he was elected president, which position he filled 
for two years, and we believe did more to build up the work 
in Madison county than any other one man. In his death 
the Union has sustained a very great loss. And yet we 
trust the influence of his labors in the Sunday school work 
has only begun to be felt. " His works shall follow him.^ '^ 

" When the temperance wave struck Anderson, he was 
again found in the front rank of reform and right. He 
was chosen temporary chairman of the first meeting, and 
when the "Anderson Temperance Alliance '' was formed, he 
was elected its first president, which position he held at the 



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MADISON CX)UNTY. 221 



time of his death. For near four months, during which 
time meetings were held every day, and frequently twice a 
day, he was almost always at his post, having in that time 
presided over more than a hundred meetings, and in every 
.case giving universal satisfaction. His loss to the Alliance 
is a serious one — one which it was illy prepared to sustain 
at this time ; for, while we trust that the hardest part of 
the work of the Alliance is over, we fear his place can not be 
so well filled by any one now obtainable. The great inter- 
est he felt in the work, together with his executive ability, 
made him almost an indispensable part of the Alliance. 

He died on Monday, June 1, 1874, in the fifty-third year 
of his age. The large concourse of friends and citizens 
attending his funeral, together with the fall representation 
of the I. O. O. F., of this and neighboring lodges, of which 
order he was a member, all show more faUy than words can 
express, the estimation ill which he was held by the com- 
mtunity in which he lived.^^ 

The following resolutions were passed at the County 
Sunday School Union, held at Asbury Chapel, September 
30, 1874 : 

Whereas, Since our last regular meeting it has pleased 
God W remove frbm our midst our much esteemed brother, 
Ealph N. Clark, 'who was, for two years, the president of 
this Sunday School Union, and always one of its most ear- 
nest workers ; therefore, 

' ICesolved, That in his death this Union, and the Sunday 
school cause of thisi county, has sustained a great loss ; and 
in memory of his name,. it is hereby ordered that this pre- 
amble and resolution, DC spread upon the permanent records 
of the Union, and that a copy of same be presented to his 
family. 



^ASSASSINATION OF REV. W. 0. MOREAU.. 

Bbjx)W* will be found a sketch of the tragic end of ' W. C; 
Moreau, formerly a citizen of this county, and a member of 



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222 mSTOBY OF 



the bar at Anderson. He was a man of fine talents and an 
excellent speaker. In person Mr. M. was under the medium 
size^ dark complexion^ dark eyes^ long hair. 

" The end of that naturally brilliant but erratic genius^ 
Rev. Will C. Moreau, has finally come. He was foully 
murdered by a Georgia negro^ Richard Aiken, on thje night 
of November 9th, at Wilkinson, Georgia. Mr. Moreau was 
well known to many of the citizens of Anderson. In many 
respects his career was a most remarkable one, the last six 
years of which may be summed up as follows : ^ 

" He caniie here in the fall of of 1868 from Knightstowui 
and engaged in the practice of the law. In 1871 he went 
Indianapolis, and engaged in the grocery business. In the 
spring of 1872, he went to Nashville, Tenn., and opened a 
beer gaden. In the fall of the same year he returned to 
Anderson, and reusmed the practice of law. During the 
presidential campaign of 1872 he joined Blanton Duncan^s 
movement and endeavored to carry Indiana into it. In the 
winter of 1873 he went to Logansport and remained a short 
time. While there, in an altercation with Judge Dykeman, 
he was shot, but having on a coat of mail he escaped serious 
injury. From Logansport he went to Geoipgia and began 
to preach, and was pastor of the Christian Church at Oco- 
nee at the time of his assassination. He leaves a wife and 
child in Georgia, and a divorced wife in Indianapolis, to 
mourn his taking off.^^ 

The Wilkinson (Ga.) Appeal gives the following account 
of the foul deed: 

*^ Mr. S. S. Joyer, of Oconee, sends us the following partic- 
ulars of the assassination of the Rev. W. C. Moreau, of 
Washington county, written by Mr. H. M. Fishw, one of 
the coroner's jury : 

'^On the night of November 9, between the hours of 
9 and ten o'clock, the Rev. W. C. Moreau was shot dead 
through a glass window while sitting in a rocking chair by 
his fire-side reading a newspaper. Oa one side of him sat 
bis wife, and just behind was sitting a little girl who lived 
with them, and on a bed in the iroom wM lying asleep the 



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MADISON CXHJNTY. 223 



little daughter of Mrs. Moreau. The murderer entered the 
piazza, and stealthily approaching the window, fired the 
fatal shot through one of the lower panes of glass. The 
shot broke the window, and struck the lamp, putting it out, 
and then entered the body of Mr. Moreau. 

"The escape of Mrs. Moreau and the little girl was 
almost miraculous, as the shot struck several objects in the 
room, and, glancing, came near the places where they were 
sitting. Left in a total darkness by the breaking of the 
lamp, M^. Moreau and the girl fled to the negro quarters,, 
and appealed to the wagoners to come to their assistance : 
she also sent a negro off to a neighbor. The news spread 
rapidly, and the neighbors came in, and the house was soon 
crowded with black and white. 

" Steps were immediately taken to arrest the murderer. 
It had nuned the day before, and the tracks made in 
ap{H*oaching and retiring from the house were plainly and 
distinctly marked on the moist earth, and went from and to 
the cabin where a negro named Bi^ard Aiken lived. A 
jury was summoned, and the evidence pointing to this 
xi^;ro, the: jury decided that <^e Sev. W. C. Aforeau^ came 
to hisdeadi &om shot-gun woimds inflicted by Richard 
Aiken. He was arrested and lodged in the oonnty jail.'' 



PBBSONAL SKETCH OF TOHOMAS O. CLARK. 

Mb. G. was bom in Yii^inia; oame to this county^ in an 
eitfly day, and located in Lafayette towm^ip, near Florida 
station. He was elected to the legislature as a Democrat in 
1866i ^^^ served with ability, and was tor several years 
township tmstee. Mir. C. took great interest in the county 
and did as much as any oth^ man for its advancement. 
Few.men were more' universaUy- respected tiian Mr^ Clark. 
He remervied> tO' Wayne oounty^ Indiana; about tiie year 
I8AA4 and died there^^ in 1870: M^i a ww taU^ and had 



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224 HISTORY OF 



dark hair and a dark complexion. Florida station, where 
he lived, was long known as Clark station, named in honor 
of him. He was the colleague of Colonel Stilwell in the 
House in the winter of ^56 and '57. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OP JOHN COOKMAN. 



# 



Mr. C. was bom in Virginia in 1785, and is now, since 
the death of Mr. Maynard, the oldest man in the county.. 
He came to Madison county in 1829, and entered his land 
one mile north of New Columbus, where he now resides.. 
Although Mr. C. had first choice in entering land, strange 
to say, he selected one of the most broken tracts in the 
township. In early life, Mr. C. was a Methodist in belief, 
and united with that order. In later life, he became a 
member of the Baptist Church. Mr. Cookman aided in 
the arrest of three men, viz : Isaac and Abram Rector and 
Ace Adams, who had broken into Hiram Birch's store in, 
1831. This was the first arrest of any importance since the 
Indian murder, in 1824, which occurred in Adams town- 
ship. Two of the above persons were condemned to 
imprisonment. The case was prosecuted by James Raridon, 
of Centreville. Mr. C. has always occupied an humble 
position in life, having never been called upon to fill an 
office of any trust or profit. Our attention is drawn 
toward him more on account of his extreme age and long 
citizenship than of anything else of which we might speak. 

The author called on him in June, 1874. Found Mr. C. 
in very feeble health, his extreme deafiiess causing an> 
extended conversation very difficult. He lost, his wife a num- 
ber of years ago, and now receives the care of an attentive 
daughter. Mr. C. is of medium size, fair complexion^ and,^ 
as his age will indicate, a man of strong constitution. His 
head which was once adorned with the locks characteristic 
of youth, is now whitened with age, and from some cause 
unknown to us, he still lingers. 



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\ 
MADISON COUNTY. 225 



PEESONAL BKETCH OP DAVID CONRAD. 

Mb. O. was bom in New Jersey in 1827^ came to Stonqr 
Creek townskip m.l839 and located two miles northeast of 
Fishersbarg. He now lives one mile from Fishersbnrg, on 
tbe Anderson pike where he owns a fine farm and is sur-^ 
ronnded with all the comforts of life. Mr. Conrad was 
clerk of Stoney Greek township for a period of seven years 
and served as township trustee for three years. He has 
served as a member of the centred <x»nmittee from Stoney 
Creek township for % number of years and is known 
throughout the county as being an active and sealons worker 
in the Repablican ranks. He has always taken a deep 
interest in the ^Sabbath school cause, and is now superinten- 
dent of the Sabbath s^ool at Fishersburg. He stands 
deservedly high throughout the county and has always taken 
a deep interest in public schools^ turnpikes^ and in fadr 
everything that is progressive'. Mr. C. was a strong advo- 
cate and a stock holder in the Ahidiei'soti and Fishersburg 
pike and was one of its fiVst di^rectors; 

He is a prominent member of the I^. E; Church. Mir. 
C. is about five feet eight inches in bight, of heavy bUildV 
fair complextioir with light hair. 



PEEJSOMt SKETCH OF CONRAD CROSSLEY. 

Among the early settlers of Fall Creek township was 
Mr. Crossley, He was born iii Virginia in 1799 and came 
to Madison county in 1820. He was one of the guards 
over Bridge and Sfiwyer, of the Indian murder, in 1824. 
Mr. C. wi^s highly respected wherever known; his honesty 
was nev^ called in questioui and he was one of the right 
kind of men to settle a new country. He contributed much 
to build up and develop Fall Creek township ; he was one 
16 



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22ff HISTORY OP 



of its best farmersi and had an excellent farm three mile» • 
southwest of Peodletoni near the Bellefontakie B. B. He 
was largely engaged in fine stock raising, and took great 
interest in the Fall Creek Agricultural Fair. Mn- O. w^ill 
be remembered by many as one df the staimchest citizens of 
the county. An instance of his kindness will be givei> 
which actually took place in the year ld23. Mrs. HoUings-- 
worth| after a severe spell of sickness^ desired some tea* 
Mr. C, learning of this^ started to New €astle to obtaict 
some. Finding none there, he continued to Bichmond, 
where he met with like success f not easily discouraged,, he 
continued to Eaton, Ohio, where the coveted herb was- 
obtained. Mr. C. returned, and » cup of tea was made to* 
gladd^i the h^rt of Mrs. HoUingsworth, who lived to* 
remen^ber that act of humanity, which had few equals at 
that day. Mr. C. died in 1869, aged seventy years ; and! 
was buried On his farm described abovcr Mr. C was- tail 
and of light complexion. 



PEESONAL SKETCH OF DR. DANIEL COOK. 

Mb. C. was bom in Virginia in 1826; came with hi» 
parents to the State when a youthc I first became acquainted 
with Dr. Cook in 1865. He was then living in Hunts- 
ville, having just returned from Kansas. In February, 
1856> he removed Uy Mfifarkleville where he continued to live 
up to the year 1868, when he again moved to Fishersburg, 
where he now resides. While in Marklerille he had an 
excellent practice and was generally successful. He was 
generous to a fault. He would walk that he might loan a 
horse to a friend to ride. I have received many kind acts 
from him which I gratefully recall to mind. He was a 
strong war man and gave liberally to the boys in blue with 
whom he was very popular. He built a large business 
house in Fishersburg whi^h proved to be a bad investments 



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MADISON COUNTY. 227 



With his generous natare he has necessarily proved a poor 
financier. He is in possession of a good name which is far 
better than riches. It is understood that the Doctor has a 
IMr practice at Fishersbttrg. * He has been married twice; 
first, to d Miss Shelton, and last to Miss Walker, both of 
whom are buried at McCalltster's oemetery. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF WARREN COLE. 

Mr. 0. was born in Noblesville, Hamilton county ; came 
to Perkinsville in 1856 and engaged in ^e mercantile bus- 
iness with T. L. Beckwith, in which he still continues. On 
the breaking out of the war his patriotism was stirred, and 
he enlisted as a private in Co. E, 34th Ind. Vol. H6 was 
soon promoted to corporal, then to orderly sergeant, then to 
second and first lieutenant, and was elected captain June 1, 
1865. He was in thirteen different engagements. He 
was at Cairo, Illinois, with his company and went from 
there to New Orleans. Mr. C crossed the Gulf four times. 
He was in the Vicksburg campaign, and was in the engage- 
ments at New Madrid, Fort Pillow, Port Gibson, Champion 
Hills, and at Palmetto Ranch, May 13, 1865. Mr. C. 
re-enlisted as a veteran, December 14, 1863. He was in 
Texas on duty when the war closed, and was discharged 
February, 1866. Mr. C. is about thirty years of age, 
rather under the medium size, with black eyes and hair and 
fine features. His wife died in June, 1874. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OP DR. JOHN H. COOK. 

Db. Cook was born in Virginia and came to Madison 
county when comparatively a young man. He located at 



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228 HISTOBY OF 



PendletoB and eomm^oed the practice of medicine, m 
whiqh he was eminentlj soeceasfail. His practice extended 
over the sonthem pari of Madiaott and into the adjoining 
eounties of Hancock and Hamilton* He was generous 
almost to a fanU, especially to the poor, who will kindly 
remember him in time to come. He was public spirited 
and was an earnest advocate of the Bellefontaine rail- 
road. He was a candidate for the legishttiire against 
Andrew Jacksott, and was defeated hj oAj a few yotes. 
He proved rather a poor financier and did not acenmulate 
mu^ property to rear a costly monmnent above his grave,, 
but over his humble resting piace the silent tears may flow 
^ as well, in remembrance of this good man. The last few 
years of his life he devoted to some extent to the praetice ^f 
kw in which he gained some notoriety. He lived a few 
years in Anderson in the practice of his profession. He 
returned to Pendleton and died there in 1864, aged fifly-six^ 
He is a brother of Dr. Ward Cook, of Pendleton. 



JUDGE HERVY CRAVEK. 

Mr. C. came, some twenty years since, to Pendleton •- 
He engaged in the practice of law and has been very snc- 
cessful, not only at the bar of our county but at those of 
adjoining couuties. He has served, two ycfars in the State 
senate. He represented the eo»nties of Madison and 
Grant. He is a prominent member of the Universalisi 
church at Pendleton. He has taken great interest in the 
agricultural development of * the country, and in the 
improvement of stock. Mr. C. is one of the encourager» 
and stockholders of the Fall Creek Agricultural F^ir. In 
fact he is one of our best citizens. At the breaking out of 
our late war he went into the service as lieutenant colonel 
of the 89th regiment and was promoted to colonel. He 
served through the war with distinction and was very pop" 



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MADISON COUNTY. 229 



ular with the ^9th boys. In 1872 Mr. O. was dected jadge 
of the circuit court which was composed of the counties of 
Madison and Hamilton, and is at this writing serving with 
credit to himself and to the people. He seems well fitted 
for the place and is noted for possessing deci^on and good 
Judgment. In person Mr. C. is about ive feet and nine 
inches in hight, has fiiir complexion and brown hair, and 
good features. Politically he is a staunch Republican and 
you know where to find him at all times. Previous to his 
election to the judgeship he was practicing law in connection 
with Charles Henry, Esq., at Pendleton. Mr« G is about 
forty-five years of age. 



REVEREND J. P. CHDLLIER. 

Ms. Ck)LLiBB came from Ohio in 1830, and settled in 
Adams township, where he has resided ever since. He 
joined tke Baptist church when he was twenty*one years of 
age, continuing an earnest and faithful teacher up to the 
present time. It was through his instrumentality that a 
soci^ of this kind was organised in Adams township. He 
gave a spot of ground and also other /neans for the erection 
of both old and new churches which will be desjribed here- 
after. Mr. Collier may be classed among the old-style 
preachers; and though he has been preaching to the people 
of this locality for many years, he is ever able to have a 
proper hearing and to command the attention oi those who 
have listened to him so often with interest and profit. He 
has lived to see this society rise from its infancy, and take 
a stand among the most influential churches of this order in 
the county. Mr. Collier is a strictly moral and upHght 
man, and a strong advocate of temperance. He has per- 
haps preached more sermons, joined more in marriage, and 
administered immersion to more candidates than any man of 
which we may write. Mr. Collier has, through a long 



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230 HISTOKY OF 



series of years of toil and economyy accumulated consider- 
able property. He owns a large &rm one and one-halt 
miles south-east ot Mi^kelviUe, where he now resides. 
Politically, Mr. Collier was an old line Whig, but o[ late 
has acted with the Republican party. He has lived to see 
the freedom of the slave, an object he nourished from his 
very boyhood, ever reflecting upon it as a blot upon our 
national honor* 



PEBSONAL SKETCH OF WM. DILTZ AND 

WIFE. 

Prominent among the early settlers of Union township 
was Mr. D., coming here in 1820; settled just east of Ches- 
terfield, near the Henry county line. In 1835 he built a 
Wge brick hotel, three-fourths of a mile east of the above 
town, the cost of which was $3,000. This hotel in eatly 
times was known as one of the best in this part of the State. 
Mr. D. was a member of the United Brethren Church, as 
was also his wife, who is worthy of special mention. The 
Author has had occasion to speak but seldom of those 
worthy females who ^^re wives of those early settlers of 
whom, he has given a life sketch ; however, under existing 
circumstances, he feels it a duty to speak of Mrs. B. in par- 
ticular. She is living in Chesterfield ; is in her eighty-sec- 
ond year. What thoughts must come up for utterance when 
she reviews the past ! Alone in the world, as far as early 
associates are concerned. They have passed off the stage of 
action. Mr. D. died in February, 1874, aged eighty-one 
years. They lived together fifty-seven years — trod the 
rough journeys of life together; saw the Indian driven 
away ; the first settlers arrive ; Chesterfield laid out ; the 
railroad built, and our county grow from a handful to one 
of the most populoqs in the State. Mrs. D. will soon be 
called to join her hilsband and associates in another world, 



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MADISON OOirNTY. 231 



where the toils and hardehips incident to this wRl be for- 
<ever unknown. Mr. D. was born in Pennsylvania in 1793; 
<lied as above stated, and was buried ait the ^eemeterf Just 
west of Chesterfield. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF JUDGE JOHN DAVIB. 

Mr. D. was born in Maryland in 1812 and came to 
Anderson in 1837, and immediately commenced the prac- 
tice of law. He arose rapidly and gained a wide reputation 
in the adjoining counties and in the Supreme Court as 4in 
attorney. He was elected to the legislature as a Wbig in 
1842, over his competitor^ Thomas McCallister^ In 1859 
be was elected a member of the Constitutional Convention 
over his competitor, William C. Flemiog. In 1867 he was 
elected circuit judge of the counties of Madison, Samilton, 
Howard «nd Tipton, but he failed in healtiiand did not 
:serve his time out. He went to Italy for his health, and 
while at Aquia was stricken with palsy, from which he has 
never recovered, and at this tim^ he is quite helpless, so much 
«o as to require ^e constant attention of his family. Mr. 
D. came to the county a poor young man witii knapsack in 
fcand, bat mnce that time he has accumukkted considerable 
property, and filled some of the highest offices in the county. 
As a private citizen and as a public officer he has always 
maintained a high standard. He is the father of Mr& A. 
O. Burr, of Anderson. In person Mr. D. is large, weigh- 
ing near two hundred pounds, with large square face, 
€orid oooiplezion, dark hair a»d strongly marked features. 



PEEfiON AL SKETCH OF 6eORGE DUNHAM. 

Mb. Dunham came from Hancock county, Ind., to Fish- 
«r8b«rgh, in 1866^ wad engaged in the mercantile (business^ 



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J82 '^ mmomroF 



and in oontieotkn with 1>^ Cook, built ati eJcoeUent busnieB^ 
bouse, eoBsi8tii|g ^ two sl^e-roomj^ below, ea«b IS bj 5& 
felHi, well ftn»hed, and a large room i^bovoi 30 hy 5(He^, at 
preseD4i need by the Grange Lodge ol Fiebeti^biirgh. The» 
buHdiiE^ cost about four thousand dollars. Mr. IX ha» 
bought the interest ot I>r» Cbok. Mr* D. wa» elected just- 
ice of the peace in 1869, and re-elected in October, 1872.. 
He has been postmaster skice 1867, and throng his influv 
ence will have a semi-weekly mail after July, 1874. Mr.. 
D. was a n ember of Company 6 12th Regiment Indinnib 
Y<duntcers, and discharged July 22d> 1865. He was in the 
battle of Missionary Bidge ; ^^t^ through Gieorgia ; also in 
tie balile of Atlanta, Oeor^,. July 22d to 28th, 1^4, and 
was slightly wounded on thedtin at Eira^s Church, Georgia,. 
June 6th, 1864. Mr. D. is yet intbi: goods bui»ness, enjoys 
the confidence of the pe<^e, and sells i«a thousmKl dollartf^ 
worth per asmum. In person, Mr. I>i is ratiier under sLw). 
of fair complexion, and auburn hair. He is tbirty-<Hie 
years of age, and is a nember aS it» M. £. Chuoreh and 
Masonic Order* 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF LORANA EASTMAK 

Mrs. E. is the daughter of Nathaniel Ifichonond, aest.^ 
a^d sister of the Beverends Nathaniel and F. M. Richmond. 
She waa bora in New York State in 1808 ;; eame with heih 
parents to this county in 182€ii In 1830 she was marriecl 
to Joseph Eastman. After a brief stay there sbe returned 
to Pendleton, wh^e she haa made it her home ever since. 
She is, perhaps, the oldest lady citiaen n» the eouoty, having 
been here fifty-four yearsw She is a very intelligent woman — 
attends all the old settlwN»^ meetings, where she is listened 
to with interest while she rehearses the incidents of early 
times. She has a vivid recollection of the Indian murders,, 
and Sawyear and Bjiii«%es. The a«th<ffi is indebted ta> bar 



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MADISCIN OOUKTT. 283 



A>r mooh informa^aon as r^ftvcfis the settlement of Pai- 
dletott. She is the mother oi a large family of children* 
Bat few women have had the experience or sustained th# 
trials which have been upboarn*by Mrs. E. She seemed to 
possess the necessary characteristics which the times seemecl 
to demand. Her (Uspr sition seemed to portray nuMre intel* 
ligence, bravery^ and hardihood, than usaally met with itt 
one ot her sex. Her memory will ever live in connection 
with the early history of the county. 

Her husband was a very intelligent man ; was a devoted 
Baptist; labored to build up that society at Pendleton. He 
was an active and zealous Mason, having taken the highest 
d^rees taken in the county. He was bom in New Hamp- 
shire in 1805. In person, he was a fine looking man, high 
forhead, dark hair, being in hight six feet, with general 
good features. His^ occupation was, for many years, that 
of coopering. He died in 1866. Is buried at the Pendle-* 
ton cemetery. His funeral was largely attended by the 
Masonic Fraternity, of which he wa« an honoted member. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF DAVID FRANKLIN. 

Eu>BB Franklin was bom in Morgan county, Ohio, in 
1824; came to Henry county, Indiana, in 1833; remained 
there until 1861, when he became a citizen of Maidiso^ 
county, first settling one and one half mites below Pendle- 
Vm, on Fall creek, where he lived four years, when he 
removed to Adams township, two miles north <^ Markl^ 
ville, where he now lives. 

He has been an elder of the Christian church for twenty* 
five years. He is considered an able defender of the d<x>^ 
trine he teaches ; has had several debates of note, amolig 
which we may mention one with B. F. Foster, Universal- 
ist, at the old Bell Meeting House in 1849. Another with 
T. S. Lyons, a prominent Baptist minister of Henry county* 



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234 mS3X)RY OF 



The iliird with M. P. Armstrong, a Methodist, at HiUs- 
})oroughy Henry county, Indiana, in 1854. Mr. Franklin 
is one of the strong men of the Christian church ; spends 
much of hia time in preaching. In person Mr. Franklin is 
a large and powerful man and is not afraid of work. I saw 
him to-day ditching and preparing has ground for planting. 
He is a brother of Benjamin and Daniel Franklin, and an 
unde of Joseph Franklin of Anderson. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OP PETER FESTLER. 

Peter Festler was born in Pennsylvania in 1805; came 
to New Columbus in this county in X.840. He worked at 
blacksmithing at this place seven years. He then bought a 
farm' just north of town, where he lived until his death in 
18 . He built a brick house, which was at that time one 
of the best buildings in the township. At his death he was 
the owner of four hundred and twelve acres of land on the 
north bank of Fall creek. Mr. Festler was elected on the 
Democratic ticket as county commissioner in 1862. Serv- 
ing in the most critical period of the war, at a time when 
the questions of the county bonds were at issue, requiring 
some financial skill and firmness, which was at the time of 
no little importance; was a devoted member of the German 
Baptist or Dunkard Church; the annual meeting of thisChurch 
ofiien being held in his barn previous to building the new 
Church near his house, of which he was one of the first to 
move in favor of its erection-. He gave largely of his time 
and means to forward the work, but did not live to see it 
completed. The memory of Mr. Festler will long be cher- 
ished, especially by those connected with this Society, for he, 
with his own hands, commenced the work which resulted in 
the erection of a substantial Church house, of which we will 
speak more particularly hereafter. He was a large stock- 
holder in the Anderson and New Columbus turnpike. He 



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MADISON CX>UNTY. 235 



died November 13th, 1872 ; was buried at the old Baptist 
Church cemetery, just west of Columbus. 



REV. JOHN FOREST OF BOONE TOWNSHIP. 

Mr. F. was born in Virginia in December, 1810, and 
located in the above township in 1847, in what was then 
known as the Miami Reserve. Although Mr. F. is not in 
every sense of the word a pioneer, he arrived in that part 
of the county when it was quite new. There were no 
roads, no mills or other conveniences. He went as far as 
Pendleton to mill, the few first years after his arrival there. 
Mr. F. was blessed with a strong constitution, well fitted 
for pioneer life ; he one spring was at no less than twenty- 
six log rollings, which required no small amount of physi- 
cal ability. He has been a member and minister of the 
Baptist church for many years, and gave the land and con- 
tributed largely of his means to erect a church, near his 
house. He served twelve years as justice of the peace, and 
acted as swamp land commissioner, and is, at this writing a 
candidate for the Legislature on the grange ticket. He has 
always taken a strong temperance stand, and fought the 
introduction of ardent spirits into his township. H^ was 
the founder of Forestville, and was the first postmaster in 
the township. As a public speaker Mr. '^. can not be said 
to be eloquent, yet he is listened to with attention, not only 
as a minister, but also as an advocate of the grange move- 
ment Previous to this movement, Mr. Forest had acted 
with the Democratic party. In person, he is rather under 
the medium sixe, heavy built, low forehead, heavy e}e- 
brows, and in hight about five feet seven inches. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF ISAAC FRANKLIN. 

Mr. Fbanklik was born in Ohio in 1820; settled on 
Fall creek, two and one half miles north of Markleville, in 



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238 HISTORY 09 



1843, where he now resides. Mr. F. was a candidate fo? 
the legislature in 1864 but was defeated by David Croan hy 
a reduced majority. In 1865 Mr. Franklin removed to 
Mechanicsburg, in Henry county, and engaged in the mer- 
cantile business for a period of three years a portion of 
which time he served as postmaster. Returning again to 
Madison county he remodeled his mill which he had built 
in 1845, making it a first class mill valued at $3,500. It is 
propelled by water from Fall creek, has two run of stone 
and does only a custom work. In connection with the mill 
Mr. Franklin owns a fine farm of some two hundred acres. 
He is one of the substantial men of the county, thoroughly 
posted on political matters, and in faith is a Universalist. 
He is the father of John and Calvin Franklin, of Adams 
township. Mr. F. is a member of the Republican Centnd 
Committee for 1874. He was the foreman of the jury that 
tried the famous Makepeace and Stillwell bond suit. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF ELDER JOSEPH 
FRANKLIN. 

Mb. Frakklin is the eldest child of Benjamin Frank- 
lin. He was born September 13, 1834, near Middtetown, 
Henry county. At the age of twelve he went into his 
father's printing office in Centreville, Wayne county, where 
he worked at the printing business till sixteen. About this 
time his father moved to Cincinnati, where Joseph still set 
type, stopping sometimes for months to go to school. His 
best schooliug, however, was received at the printing office. 
At the early age of nineteen he was married to Miss S. E. 
Planhook, of Covington, Kentucky. The following year 
he moved to Warren county, Indiana, where he was 
appointed county examiner, and also received the charge of 
the Christian church at West Lebanon. He was here five 
years^ when he was called to the /cky of La&y^e, by his 



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MADISOK GWNTY. 237 

bretbren^ to preach for them. In 1860 he was called to 
Oovingtoiiy Kentucky^ his old stamping grounds, to preach 
for the brethren there« He preached acceptably for 
eighteen months, when the city was put under martial law« 
Mr. Franklin procured a pass and got as far north of the 
Ohio river as Madison county, where he has become identic 
fied with the church and schools of this same magnificent 
county. 

He has preached for the congregation at Anderson for 
nine years, occasionally traveling into other parts of the 
State. He has acted, part of the time, as superintendent of 
the public schools. For five years he taught the Anderson 
Normal and Graded schools, during the week, and preached 
on Sunday. In June, 1873, he was elected county superin- 
tendent of public schools, an office he has thus far filled 
with honor and ability. The standard of education has 
been so much elevated under his administration that Madi* 
son county now begins to rank with the highest in the State. 
Mr. Franklin is an able defender of the doctrine he pro- 
claims. He is a good speaker and debater. In person Mr. 
Franklin is tall and slender. He is exceedingly fair in 
complexion, with light hair and good features, and benign 
expression of countenance. Mrs. Franklin is a lady of fine 
attainments. She is the mother of eleven children, ten of 
Vhom are living, yet she finds time to cultivate, not only 
her mind, but her flower gardens. She has a choice collec- 
tion of plants and flowers, which ^e delights to care for 
herself. She was the president of the *' Ladies' League '^ dur^ 
ing the temperance crusade. I am much indebted to Mr. 
and Mrs. Franklin for valuable assistance in the prepara- 
tion of this work. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF CHARLES FISHER. 

Mb. F4 was bom in Ohio, in 1819, and came with his 
parents to Madison connty the following year^ His fisither 



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238 raSTORY OF 



located where Fishersburgh now stands, and founded the 
town which bears his name. Consequently Mr. F. is one 
of the oldest settlers of his township. He was the first 
merchant in Fishersburgh ; served as postmaster as early as 
1844; and it was through his influence that the postofficfe 
was liBStablished there. Mr. F. served as' township trustee 
tor several years, and was a candidate for county commis* 
sioner in 1872, in the Democratic primary convention. He 
was, however, defeated by G. W. Hoel. Mr. F» has alwaya 
been an uncompromising Democrat^ and has served his 
township on the central committee. He is a naember of the 
M. E. Church at Fishersburgh, and was among the active 
movers towards building the present church. He is a 
director and stockholder in the Pendleton and Fishersburgh 
turnpike. He owns a fine farm just east of Fishersburgh, 
on the banks of Stoney creek. He is the father of Dr. J. 
M. Fisher, of Fishersburgh, and Mrs. J. H. Harter, of 
Pendletoui Since writing the above, Mr. F. has shaken 
the dust of the farm off his feet, and become a citizen of 
Fishersburgh. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF B. F. GREGORY. 

Mr. G. came when a boy from Virginia, settling in Fall 
Creek township, where he worked with J. F. Swain- at the 
carpenter trade. Huntsville was his headquarters, living 
just north of town for many years. In 1868 he bought a 
farm two miles north of Pendleton, where he now lives. 
Mr. a, began to exhort about fifteen years since in the 
Christian Church. He has devoted much time to the study 
of the Scriptures; and, considering his advantages through 
life, is a man of ability. He has much of the Scriptures by 
heart, and is able to tell what he knows in a plain straight- 
forward way if not as eloquently as some others^ Mr. G. 
is regarded as a number one man| splendid mechanie, a 



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MADISON CX)U5TY. 239 



kind and generoas neighbor^ and perhaps a little too sec*^ 
tarian to suit many. In politics he is a Republican and 
gave his oldest son to defend the flag of his country. In 
person Mr. G. is tall, rather stooped, rough featured and 
careless about his dress, but utide'meath those rough exteri-^ 
ors lies a warm and genial heart. He gave of his time and 
means to build a church near his house, and occasionally 
preaches there as well as many other points throughout the 
county. He is fifty years of age and has buried six of his 
children. He is now engaged in erecting a dwelling house 
on the farm above described. He is identified with the 
.Grange movement and is one of its ablest defenders in the 
county. 



PERGONAL SKETCH OF MORRIS GILLMORE, OF 
ADAMS TOWNSHIP. 

Morris Gili^more came to Madison county in 1728, and 
settled one mile east of Columbus. Mr. G. was born in 
West Virginia, in 1807. Columbus contained but one house 
when Mr. Gillmore settled in the vicinity, and all the sur- 
rounding country was new, Anderson being but a very small 
place. Mr. G. owns a large farm on the south bank of Fall 
creek, where he built a brick house in 1838. He has always 
been a devoted Methodist, joining the church when a young 
man ; and has been one of the main stays of the church ever 
since. He is regarded as one of the best men in the county, 
and has accumulated considerable property. He met, how- 
ever, with quite a misfortune in the fall of 1873, lightning 
striking his barn, killing a valuable horse, and burning 
wheat, hay, etc., his entire loss being $1,500, on which there 
was no insurance. He is, at this Writing, preparing to 
build i^in. For several years after Mr. G. arrived in the 
county there was no Methodist society near him. He and 
his wife attended church in Henry county, seven miles dis- 



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840 JeCBSTpitY OF 



tant. He has always been a strong temperance n^n, and 
was one of the leaders of the Good Templars Society at Nep^ 
Columbus. He was an Old I^ine Whig^ until tbat pa.rt}r 
ceased to exist, ^npe which time he has been acting with 
the Eepilblican. p2u*ty. He was a^ strong war man and gave 
two of his SOBS to defend the old flag. One fell in battle, 
the other returned home and is now on the ^rm. They 
both will be noticed in the proper place. I took dinner 
with Mr. G. to-day. He and his wife dwelt at length on 
early times, and I am indebted to them for valuable infor- 
mation. Mr. G. is in his sixty-seventh year. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF JOHN O. HARDESTY. 

Mb. H. was born in Indianapolis in 1843; removed to 
Anderson in 1868 and commenced the publication of the 
Anderson Herald, in which capacity he continued till 1873, 
when he Retired, and started the Indianapolis Sun in Sep- 
tember of the same year, editing t^t paper for a period of 
eleven months. As editor of this and the Anderson Herald 
he won for himself a high reputation as editor and writer. 
He was elected, on the Republican ticket over N. R. 
Elliott to the Legislature in 1872, as joint representa- 
tive from the counties of Madison and Henry, serv- 
ing with -creditable distinction as chairman of the qom- 
mittee on the affairs of the State Prison. On the breaking 
out of the rebellion he entered the army in the 34th 
Regt. Ind. Vols, as private, in 1861; was promoted to 
the captaincy of Company H, serving to the close of the 
war. On becoming editor of the Sun he became a citizen 
of Indianapolis again, where he now resides. During his 
five year's residence in Madison county he made many warm^ 
friends, both politically and socially; was an active RepoiaH^ 
lican, and did much to reduce the Democratic maiorities. 
Hb paper, the Herald, received, during the time that hewas^ 



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MADISON OOtJNTY. 241 



^diter, the name of Red Hot, which name it has steadily 
kept ever since. It was read alike by both Democrats and 
Reptiblicansy and was respected for its fearless advocacy of 
what he thought was right. In personal appearance Mr. H.. 
ii^ rather under the medium size, fair complexion, light 
hair. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF JOHN HAYES. 

Mb. Hayes was bom in Chester county, Pennsylvania, 
in February, 1828; came to Wayne county in 1837, and 
came with his parents to Madison county, in 1839, locat- 
ing four miles east of Pendleton where he liyed and died. 
He was eleeted to the l^i^lature in I860. H^ opponfnt 
was J. B. Lewis, who was also born in Chester county, 
Pennsylvania. They lived near each other here, and were 
of the same age. The contest was close. Mr. H., however, 
was elected by a majority of one hundred and sixty-eight ; 
served one term. He was a young man of promise. He fell, 
however, like many others, a victim to the cup. He 
served as Master of Ovid Lodge of Free and Accepted 
Masons, for two years and waa secretary of the same at the 
time of his death. 

He was a very good speaker for a man of his age, and at 
one time one of the most popular young men in the Demo- 
cratic party in the southern part of the county. Here I 
would gladly close this sketch, but a further duty devolves 
upon me and I will give it in part that the young men who 
read this may shun the bowl which doubtless was his luin. 
Mr. H. had been under the influence of liquor and in this 
state perished near his own house on the night of February 
4, 1863. The author had been with him up to the hour of 
twelve that night at Ovid Lodge, little thinking he would 
be summoned so soon to attend his funeral. He left a wife 
and child to lapent his untimely fall; although the circum- 
16 



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242 HISTORY OF 



staDceB attending his death were gloomy, causing intense 
grief to his wife and aged mother, he went to the graVe 
highly respected by all. In person Mr. H. was tall^ of thin 
visage, with auburn hair, light complected* He was buried 
by the Masonic order, of which he was a member, at the 
Gilmore graveyard, east of new Ck>lumbu». 



PERSOKAL SKETCH OF NEAL HARDY, OF 
FALL CREEK. 

Mb. H. was bom in Philadelphia in the year 1803 ; eame 
first to Indiana in 1S32 ; returned, and came again in 1833. 
He came the first time all the way on foot ; on his arrival 
the second time he settled on his farm two am) a half miles 
east of Pendleton, where he continued to live up to the time 
of his death, whicn occurred November the 16th, 1869. 
He was engaged for several years in the mercantile business 
in Pendleton, beginning in 1861. In 1861 he was elected 
to the office of township trustee, in which capacity he served 
for a period of eight years, to the entire satisfaction of all. 
He was the first President, as well as a large stockholder 
in the Newcastle, turnpike, in which enterprise he took a 
lively interest. In early life he was a Free Soiler, but in 
later life he acted with the Republican party. He was at 
Pendleton at the mobbing of Fred. Douglas, and took him 
iunder his roof for protection, afterward receiving a letter 
from Mr. D. thanking him for his unlimited kindness on 
^that occasion. This letter will be published if it can be 
.obtained.' Mr. H. was a member of the Odd Fellows' lodge 
At Pendleton. He was the father of T. F. Hardy, of Mar- 
ikleville, and Morris Hardy, of Fall Creek, and Mrs. Lewis 
:and Mrs. Boston, of Markleville. In person Mr. H. was 
wof medium hight, was square and heavy made, good fea- 
<tures, high forehead and dark eyes. He is buried at the 
iFriends' graveyard, two and one-miles east of Pendleton* 



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MADISON COUNTY. 243 



The widow still survives ; she was ever a dutiful wife, and 
^ontinaes to live, worthy of him whose |iame she bears. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF JAMES HOLLINGS- 
WORTH. 

Mr. H. was bom in Ohio in 1815; came with his 
parents to this county in 1820, locating on Fall creek, two 
miles below Pendleton; remained there until 1828 when 
he removed to Anderson, thence to Sichland township 
remaining there seven years; returned again to Lafayette 
township, where he now lives. He at one time owned the 
Moss Island mill where by flood in 1857 he lost consider- 
able of property. He also, while living in Richland town- 
49hip, met with the loss of having his house burned. He 
aided in organising Lafayette towni^hip, where he served 
several years as justice of the peace and ten years as town- 
ship trustee. Mr. H. is a Methodist ; has always been a 
zealous worker, serving as class leader and a strong friend 
to the Sabbath school in 'hich cause he takes especial 
delight. Mf. H. has been a long time in the county, has 
seen Fall creek, Richland and Lafayette, in fact all the 
county, in a state of nature; is one of the few men who 
were here as early as 1820. In short, Mr. H. has seen 
considerable of real life — losing by flood and fire his hard 
earned recourses;. What hardships he has endured ; what 
changes have taken place within his recollection! He has 
seen those who were strong and healthful like himself sud- 
denly stricken down by the hand of death, and from the 
handful of pioneers with scanty means has seen compara- 
tively a dense population spring up with abundance upon 
every hand. He can also appreciate the contrast between 
the well furnished churches of to-day with their large and 
well dressed audiences, with the few homely dressed person- 
ages who were wont to meet at his Other's humble cabin« 



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244 HI8T0BT 0^ 



Mr. H. is perhaps fthe only representaiive now of ibis 
trulj pioneer family living, in the oountjr. His broths 
who was the second white child bom in the county, has 
removed to Iowa many years since. His parents, of whom 
we will speak elsewhere, have been summoned to another 
world. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF ELI HODSON. 

Mb. H. Was born in North Carolina in 1805; came to 
Madison county in 1824, but returned to Ohio soon; 
remained there a short time, when he came to Henry county, 
Indiana, making that his . home until 1843, when he again 
became a permanent citizen of this county; was elected 
associate judge in 1846 ; elected county commissioner in 
1860. He has been an elder of the Christian Church and 
one of the staunch members of this Society at White Chapel, 
where be contributed much of his time and money for the 
erection of the house and the organization of the Society* 
Mr. H. was reared a Quaker; he became a member of the 
Christian Church when comparatively a young man. When 
Mr. H. first visited the county, in 1824, he, as a matter of 
course, found a new and thinly settled country. Illustrative 
of this, Mr. H. says, he assisted Mr. Thomas Silver, of Pen- 
dleton, in driving hogs from that place to Newcastle, there 
being, at that time, nothing but a trail between these two , 
points ; the result was, that when they arrived at Newcastle 
there was not a *'racer^' left to tell the story; they were scattered 
to the right and left, to ^^ multiply and punish the earth.'' The 
language here used may seem somewhat obscure to some, but 
to those who were acquainted with the stock of hogs and the 
condition of the country at that time, will readily appreci-^ 
ate the matter, and only wonder they did not lose them- 
selves. And here we are reminded that it is only one short 
step from the sublime to the ridiculous, and vice ver$a, we 



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MAMSON COUNTY 245 



will return to Mr. H., and flay, that he is a worthy man 
tilling Htue offices referred to above with mnch credit. He 
owns a fine farm on the blufts of Fall creek, in Adams 
township, near the Henry connty line. In politics he ism 
Democrat* 



PEEISONAL SKETCH OF ELIAS HOLLINGS- 
WORTH. 

Ms. H. was bom in Sonth Carolina in 1793. He was 
one of the very first settlers of Madison county. He came 
in the spring of 1820 and located on Fall creek, two and 
one half miles below Pendleton. He was the first local 
preacher in the county. He was raised a Quaker and dis- 
owned by them for marrying outside of the society, after 
which he joined the Methodist society and became an active 
and zealocH member. Mr. H. was, as the date would indi- 
cate, a very early settler of the county. He took a great 
interest in church and school matters, and the first meetings 
held in the county were held at his house. He was the 
father of the second white child born in the county. He 
was the husband of Elizabeth Hollingsworth, spoken of in 
another part of this book, and the &ther of James Hollings- 
wordi of La&yette township. He removed to Missouri in 
1844, and died in January, 1846. The name of Hollings- 
worth is closely associated with the early history of the 
oomity, and linked with Ridimond, HoUiday, Shaul, 
McCartney, Crossley, Soott, Montgomery and William 
Williams. Mr. H. was a large man, weighing two hundred 
and fifteen pounds, and was of fair complexion. He pos- 
sessed a fine head of hair, which stood on end, and was said 
to be physically one of the best made men in the country. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF J. R. HOLSTON. 

Mb. H. was bom in Prebel county, Ohio, in 1812. He 
oame to Madison eounty in 1839 and settled in Richmond 



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246: HISTORY OF 



towhship where he now resides. Mr. H. is a man of 
decided character, a strong Methodist and has done mucb 
to build up that society in his township. He is a strcmg^ 
temperance man and in &ct takes decided ground in ev^-> 
thing that is moral. He is a devoted friend to the Sabbi^ 
school cause and was among the first in organizing a school in 
his township. Mr. Holston takes great interest in the growth 
and development of the county. He is known throughout 
the county as a very worthy citizen of unflinching integrity. 
In person Mr. H. is a large, powerful man, full six feet 
high and of a fair complexion. He believes in matrimony, 
we niay presume, aa be yfm recently married to Us third 
wife. She is ficHii Wayne county. She is a very estimaUe 
lady and hospitably entertains company. Uer home 
is cheerful, just the place to rest a tired soul. Flowe^s^ 
music^ peace and plenty, all combine to make cme wish 
there were more such homes as hers. 



PERSONAIi SKETCH OF DR. JOHN HUNT. 

Mb. H. was born in Wayne county, Indiana, January 
20tfa, 1817 ; moved with bis father to near Huntsville in 
April, 1831, and commenced the practice of m^MKcine, in 
April, 1839, in connection with Dr. Wyman. He was 
elected to die State Senate in 1>}50, from the ccmnties of Madi* 
iron and Hancock ; be was elected to the House of Bepssh- 
aentatives from Madison county in 1853, and was dected 
oontity treasurer in 1860. He was elected StiU« Senaiteir 
from ihe ooutrties of Madison and Grant, receiving fifty 
thi:ee miyorily over his i^ponent, M. S. Robinson. By some 
irregularity his seat was contested in the Senate, and it was 
awarded to Mr. Robinson, since which time he has retired 
from the political field with honor. As a physician, Mr. Hunt 
has had no superior in the county, having becfn in every 
nook and corner of the same, administering to the sick and the 



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MADISON COUNTY. 247 



afflicted. In 1872 he became a citizen of Spiceland, Henry 
coanty. In 1866 he buried his first wife at Huntsville ; 
his second wife is the daughter ot John McCaliistery sen. 
Mr. H. carried with him the well wishes of the people he 
bad represented and administered te. In person he was of 
medium she, fitir complexion^ with light hair and good fea- 
tures. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF SAMUEL HOLLIDAY. 

Mb. Holwday was bom in 1780. He came to the county 
in 1822 and located on Fall creek; four miles southwest of 
Pendleton. He was elected associate judge soca after his 
arrival in the county, and was on the beach at the trial of 
Bridge, Sawyer, and Hudson. He was a citizen of the 
oounty seven years when he bought a farm in the edge of 
Hamilton oounty, where he died and was buried in 1836. 
He was married to a Miss Martin, in Kentucky, in 1802. 
Their union was blessed with eleven children, whose names 
are as follows: Catherine, William A., Sarah, Martin, 
John, Alexander, Martha, Adliza, Joseph, Caroline, and 
Elizabeth, all of whom lived to be men and women. 
Adliza, who is the only one living, is spoken of in another 
place. The mdst prominent members of this family were 
William A. and Joseph. The former was a Presbyterian 
tninist^ of soflM note and died in Indianapolis in 1863. 
The latter was ut the Mexican war and r^resented Bkok- 
fbrd county in the State Legislature for two terms. Their 
mother died in the year 1846, and is blso buried in Hamil- 
ton county. Mr. Samud HoUiday was of medium size with 
black hair, blue eyes, fiiir complexion, and high cheek 
^nes. He was a member of the Presbyterian church. 



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248 HXQIORY OF 



l^ERSONAL SKia:CH OF SAMUEL HENRY* 

Samuel Henry was born in Madison county in 1838 ; wi» 
a young man of fine personal appearance, and was highly 
esteemed. He had chosen the profession of law for his 
future vocationi and was at Greencastle in this State, finish- 
ing his education, preparatory to entering into the practice 
of law. When the war broke out, his noble spirit was fired 
with just indignation, and, leaving college, he buckled on 
his armor and joined the 8th Ind. Vols. — ^three months' 
service. On expiration of term of service he returned hpme 
to Pendleton, but again enlisted as private in the 34th Ind. 
Begt. Served a while as bookkeeper, orderly sergeant, sec* 
ond lieutenant, and a short time as captain. On the death 
of his mother he came home. He then assisted in organic* 
ing Company B, 89th Ind. Begt., and went back to the 
field as first lieutenant, after which he was promoted 
to captain of hia company, and then to major of the regi«* 
ment. Mr. Henry waa highly respected in the field as^ell 
as at home. His tragic death was a severe blow to his rel*- 
atives and friends of Madison county. Below we give an 
account of his death, taken from the Indiana State Journal, 
written by Col. H. Craven, which will be read with much 
interest. I am indebted, to W. V. Shanklin for it. Mr. 
Henry's remains were brought to Pendleton for interment, 
just one month after his dei^h : 

Glasgow, Howakd County, Mo., Nov. 6, 1864. 

To-day the 89th Indiana is in mourning over the sad 
intelligence received on yesterday evening, of the cold- 
blooded murder of Major Samuel Henry, Assistant Surgeon 
John P. Porter, and Lieutenant and Quartermaster Harles 
Asl^ley by guerillas, on the afternoon of November 1st. 
llie circumstances were as follows, as nearly as I can give 
them, after taking some pains to get particulars : The regi- 
ment, in company with the other regiments of the fijst 



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MADISON COUNTY. 249 



brigade, three batteries and a considerable amount of the 
train belonging to Major-General A« J. Smith's command, 
passing from Harrison ville, Cass county, via Pleasant Hill, 
Lone Jack, and a small village called Gruntown, to Lex- 
ington, Mo., arrived at Lexington on the evening of 
November Ist. Arriving in camp at dusk, I missed Major 
Henrj, Quartermaster Ashley and Dr. Porter, when I was 
informed by different persons in the regiment that all three 
of them had stopped for dinner at Gruntown, and had not 
been seen with the command subsequently. Time passed off, 
Jimt the missing did not appear, when various conjectures 
were made as to the cause of their absence, quite a number 
concluding that they had gone to some house or hotel for 
lodging, as our blankets were all wet irom the effects of a 
drenching rain the night before, and that evening was cool 
and unpleasant* Some expressed their fears that they had 
been captured by guerrillas* 

: The next morning we were ag^iin on the march, and the 
missing officers not making their appearonce all seemed to 
concur in the opinion that they had been captured, and seri- 
ous fears were entertained as to their fate in the hands of a 
class of men whose cruelties toward prisoners were known 
to be even worse than that of savages on many occasions; 
yet we all entertained some hope that they might be treated 
as pri^oner^ in civilized warfare, aodd their lives spared. But 
on yesterday afternoon the 2d and 3d brigades of our 
division came up, having been separated irom us at Pleas- 
ant Hill, and having arrived at Lexington by a different 
roote^ who brought us the particulars of the melancholly 
fate and cold blooded murder of our missing fciends, as they 
had learned them of citiaens. They wei^ as follows: Ab 
the S9th Indiana passed through Gruntown, preceded by 
the 58t^ Illinois and 9th Indiana battery, and followed by 
the 119th lUinois, two batteries and a long train of wagons, 
and finally the 21st Missouri volunteers. Dr. Porter rode 
Qp to a house. Quartermaster Ashley followed him, and 
called to the Major, who also left the column and rode up 
with them to the house, dismounted, went in, and called for 



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^50 HISTORY OF 



diDDer. The lady of the house informed them that she 
had already given every thing she had cooked to passing 
soldiersi and o^mld not accommodate them without cooking. 
They inquired faoir long it would tak« her to prepare them 
their dinner. She said half an hour or three quarters. 
They said it would do in three quarters of im hour, or an 
hour, as they were cold and desired to warm. They 
remained and she proceeded to prepare dinner. 

The rear of the column having arrived about the time or 
perhaps a little before dinner was ready, she remarked that 
it was unmfe for them to remain, as there were guerrillas 
about One <^ them replied that there was no danger, and 
they stayed and ate dinner. Finally, the major and quart- 
ermaster having finished their dinners, remarked to Dr. 
Porter that they had better be going, as they were getting 
itoo far behind the column. The doctor replied that he 
must have another dish of soup and a drink of buttermilk. 
In the meantime, three men driessed in Federal uniform 
rode up to the house where the officers were dining, and 
took position by the officers' horses, and so stood with 
cocked pistols in their hands. The officers were wholly 
unarmed, except the major, who had his sword and one 
pistol, whether on his sadle or on his person, I do not know. 
The major and quartermaster came out, leaving the doctor 
in the house. As they approached their horses the guerrQ* 
las informed them that they were their prisoners, and pre- 
senting their cocked pistols <temanded that the major and 
quartermaster should hold up their hands, and the latter 
doing so surrendered. Dr. Porter coming out soon after 
inquired '^ What is the matter ?'' when one of the guerrillas 
approached him, put a pistol to his head, and told him to 
surrender. The doctor surrendered, and the officers were 
then searched for fire a^ms, mounted on their horses, and 
rode away in the custody of the guerrillas dressed in our 
uniform. The officers were taken back some distance cm 
t^e road we came in on, taken into the woods, ^ot and 
robbed. The citizens of the village heard, the report of At 
firearms. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 281 



Shortly after the guerrillas came back to the villi^^ lead*- 
iog all three of the officers' horses. Soneie of the citizeiis 
went to look for the bodies ; iouiid Dr. Porter^s that night 
and the Major^s and Quartermaster's next BM>rning. The 
major's and the doctbr's bodies lying near each other^ and 
the quartermaster's some distance away. Major Henry was 
shot in the center of the forehead ; Dr. Portf r in the back 
of the heady the ball coming out at the center of the his 
forehead, his hat being powder hurt. The quartermaster 
was shot twice, once, and supposed to be the first shot, on 
the right side of the nose, the ball ranging through the 
palate of the mouth and coming out low down in the back 
of the head, when it is suf^>osed be fled and was again rhot 
through the back below one shoulder, the ball angling 
through his body and ranging downward. Their money 
was taken ; how much I do not know. They were strip- 
ped of under and overcoats and boots, except that Ashley's 
boots were lelt on him, being light and much worn. The 
major's sword hung on a bush near to his body, but his pis- 
tol and sword-belt were taken. The major's pocket book 
was taken. The doctor's and quartermaster's pocket books 
were left, but rifled of money. I have in my posession the 
major's sword, the quartermaster's spur, both of which I 
recognized on seeing them ; also, the quartermaster's pocket 
book, with his name in it in his own handwriting, and sev- 
eral papers. Also, Dr. Porter's pocket book with notes 
and other papers showing its identity. Their remains had 
been gathered up, and an old man, a little boy and a young 
lady had them in an ox wagon, the most common kind of 
team for that country, and were conveying them to Lexing- 
ton. 

Colonel Wolf, commanding the third brigade, had sent 
his adjutant forward to Lexington to inquire what orders, if 
any, were there for him ; when the adjutant, learning the 
facts, gave the old man directions to leave the bodies at the 
court house, as he recognized the bodies of the major and 
doctor Porter. Colonel Wolf also recognized them and 
Ashley's. Lieutenant B. F. Olden^ 117th Illinois volun- 



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262 H18T0KY OP 



teers, who was personally well acquainted with all three of 
iheni) reoognieed them and I am informed that he dressed 
t^e bodies, and fastened upon their bosoms their names and 
rank, also their post office address, so fiur as he could recol* 
lect them. Colonel Wolf informed me that he ordered 
their bodies decently interred, in metallic coffins if they 
could be had,, supposing that thdr friends would wi^ their 
bodies removed, and promising captain Norviile, company 
E. Merrill's horse, in whose care the bodies were left, at 
Lexington, that his expenses would be refunded to him. 

Such are the particulars, somewhat in detail, so far as I 
know them personally or can find out after diligent inquiry, 
df the saddest and most melancholiy catastrophe that has 
befallen the regiment since its entry in the service. The 
indignation of the regiment is deep but quiet, the fruits of 
which, like bread scattered upon the waters, may be gath- 
er<^ many days hence. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF SAMUEL HUSTON, OP 
ADAMS TOWNSHIP. 

Mb, H. emigrated fromN Wayne county, Indiana, in 1834. 
Settled in Adams township, near the Henry county line, 
where he continued to live until 1873, when he moved to 
Middletown where he now resides. He was born in 1792 
and is consequently in his 82d year. The first time I saw 
Mr. H. was in the pulpit exhorting his fellow man to love 
and good works,^ which was his greatest theme. He was 
one of the few men whose daily life corresponded with his 
teachings. He was all through life a zealous Methodist, 
serving dass leader, exhbrter and preacher. His house was 
the home of the itinerent, and when there were no churches 
it served as a place of worship. He has always been a sup- 
port to the church in this township, and the first to iQove 
in the organization of a Sabbath school^ which he attended 



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MADISON CX>traTY. 263 

regularly up to the time he left lU. The Subbath school 
was his delight, serving as saperintendeflt and teacher for 
many years. 

He worked at his trade^ that of laying hrick, for several 
years, but of late has worked on his farm. His partner in 
life is worthy of special notice. They have now lived 
together fifty-five years. They are still plodding along 
together through this life of affliction and disappointment, 
sharing the same grief, supported by the same hope of a 
blessed immortality, when the silver cord is loosened and 
the golden bowl is broken. In person Mr. H. is low and 
heavy made, inclined to baldness, dark skin and dark eyes. 
He served in his country's defense in the war of 1812, for 
which service he is entitled and receives from the Govern- 
ment eight and one-third dollars per month. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF ELIZABETH HOL- 
LINGSWORTH. 

Mbs. H. deserves special notice in this work. She wa9 
the wife of Elias HoUings worth, who came to the county 
about the year 1820. She was an exemplary woman in 
every respect, of strong character and a devoted Metho- 
diaU Her house was the home of the itinerent preacher. 
She was the mother of the second white child bom in the 
county. She was* the first to organize a Sabbath school in 
Lafayette township, to which she removed from Fall Creek - 
township. She was known far and wide as a midwife wd 
attended more births, perhaps, than any other woman in 
the county. What a contrast with women of to-day ! 
After attending to her domestic duties and perhaps assisting 
in the clearing, she would ride ten or fifteen miles at night 
on horseback over what were then called roads, but would 
hardly pass for such at the )>rQsent day. It took courage 
and determination to undergo what Mrs. H. did, and it is 



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^4 HISTORY OF 



well such women found their way to the frontier. They 
Were needed; th^ eame; illed their day of usefulness ancl 
passed away. We admire the courage that prompted them 
to accompany the sterner sex to fields of adventure. The 
name of Mrs. H. must necessarily be associated with the 
early history of the county, nor would we exclude her name 
from this little book, but regret that we ure not more 
capable of giving her name a more wcM'tby and extended 
notice. Mrs. H. died in 1863 and was buried in Bichland 
township. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF SAMUML D. IRIgH. 

Mb. Irish came with his father to the county when a 
young man, and became assoqiated with him in the milling 
business, and afterwards in the woolen factory, in which 
business he continued nearly up to the time of his death ; 
he came into possession of the Falls property, which he 
improved from time to time until it became very valuable. 
He was a public spirited man, and was ever ready to supply 
the wants of the people ; especially was he good to the poor. 
He was kind and generous in his nature free and open- 
liearted, and would not stoop to a low and mean action. He 
was a devoted Mason, and a charter member of Madison 
Lodg^ No. 44, and for many years its presiding ofBcer ; he 
had also taken a number oi higher degrees in this order. 
He was the son of James Iri^, who will be remembered by 
many. Mr. Irish raised a lai^e family, among whom are 
Virgil, Volney, Mrs. John Snelson, William, Oliver and 
Ira, and perhaps others, whom I am unable to call to mind. 
Mr. Irish lost his first wife many years ago, when he mar- 
ried Mrs, Reed, who still survives, and lives in Pendleton. 
Mr. Irish acted with the Whigs until 1856, when he attached 
himself to the Republican party. He was a strong war 
man, and, I believe lost one of his sons in the army. He 



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MADISON COUNTY. 255 

lived to see the rebellion crushed, and peace restored, when, 
weary of life, he laid down his staff, highly respected by 
all. Mr. Irish was about five feet and eight inches in hight, 
of a dark complexion, with dark hair and eyes, and was a 
Universalist in faith ; his age was fifty-eight. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF ANDREW BRAY. 

Mr. B. was bom in North Carolina in 1804; removed to 
Ohio with his parents in 1813, and from there to Madison 
county in 1828. He was a very poor^'man, but with strong 
hands and willing mind to grow up with the country. He 
raised a crop and then returned to Ohio for a helpmate for 
life who lived until 1858. Mr. B. married again in 1859. 
His widow now lives on the old homestead. He filled the 
office of justice of the peace for thirteen years and resigned 
only a short time before his third term expired. He owned 
at one time one of the finest bodies of laud in the township. 
It consisted of seven hundred and forty acres. It lies on 
Fall creek, a mile and a half east o^ New Columbus. 
Upon this farm, in 1856, he erected a two story brick 
house which cost $1,800. It was at that^ time considered 
one of the finest houses in the county. He united with the 
Christian Church in 1849 and became a zealous and influ- 
ential member. He was an active Republican and a friend 
to the soldiers who went out in the late war. At a sani- 
tary meeting held at Anderson in 1863 he gave more than 
any other man in that cause. Mr. B. died in March, 1865, 
in the sixty-first year ef his age. His funeral was nreached 
by Elder L. H. Jemison and was largely attended by 
friends and relatives. He was buried at Tucker graveyard 
cm Sly Fork in Adams township. He is the father of 
Francis M. and Archibald Bray, both of the above town- 
ship. 



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25$ HISTORY OF 



ANDREW JACKSON. 

Thb subject of this sketch was born in Clearmpnt 
county, Ohio, in 1801 ; came to Madison county in 1828; 
was elected soon after as sheriff, and in li833, as treasurer ; 
was elected clerk in 1837, an4 as senator from; Madison and 
Hancock counties in 1844, having in this last case Thomas 
D. Walpole for an opponant ; went to Califomiai remain- 
ing there three years, when he was taken, sick and returned. 
He was again electa to the senate, over John H. Cook. 
He was, as the reader will notice one of the most popular 
men in the country, taking an active part in the Bellefoun- 
taine railroad and among the first to advocate its charter 
in the senate; Mr. Jackson has been largely engaged in the 
milling business at Pendleton, Anderson, and Perkinsville, 
and introduiced the fitst, pair of French burrs in the county. 
He built a grist mill one mile above Anderson which is 
now in operation, owned by his son. David Jackson. He 
was agent for a Mr, Fletcher, the owner of a large track of 
land adjoining Anderson, and laid off what is known as 
Jackson's addition. Mr. J. was also engaged largely in the 
mercantile business, having three stores at one time in the 
county, losing a considerable of his property while so 
engaged. He has taken a great interest in agricultural pur- 
suits being the first to introduce improved implements. 
He has a fine garden one-half mile southwest ot Anderson, 
raising in large quantities the rheubarb plant for sale and 
for the manufacture of wine. Though he has lost consider- 
able of his property he still has land enough to cultivate, 
which he does with his own hands. He is now acting as 
justice of the peace. He laid out a number of lots in the 
south part of Anderson, and it is known as Jackson's 
addition. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF PHILIP KELLER. 

Mr. K. was born in Shenandoah county, Ya. ; came to 
this county in 1836, and settled northeast of New Colum- 



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MADISON COUNTY. 2^7 



bus. Perhaps Mr. K. has been the second oldest man in 
thecounty, being, at his death, in his ninety-ninth year. 
He wa3 the largest landholder in the county, and owned at 
one time twenty -two hunderd acres of choice land, worth 
to-day $1^50,000. He is the father of ten children, six of 
whom are living, among whom are Henry, of Adams, and 
Philip, of Fall Creek township. In politics, Mr. Kellar is 
Whig; in religion, a Presbyterian. He died at his son 
Henry^s in 1870, and is buried at the cemetery just east of 
NevT Qolumbus. . A few years previous to his death he was 
unable to go about. How few reach his advanced age. But 
one in the county has lived longer than Mr. Kellar ; this 
was Mr. Maynard, who will be noticed in another place. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF J. B. LEWIS. 

• ■ " - ' y 

Mr. Lewis was bom in Chester county. Pa.,, in 1830. 

He came to this county with his parents in 1832, and settled 
two and one-half miles east of Pendleton, where he has 
resided ever since, excepting two years when he lived in 
Wabash county. Mr. L. ran for the legislature in 1860 
against John Hays, and was only defeated by one hundred 
and eighty-six votes, showing his great popularity, as the 
county was then four hundred Democratic. Mr. L* was 
school examiner for the county two years ; has served as 
township trustee for Fall creek five years, and is trustee at 
the present time. Mr. L. is regarded as an exceptional 
officer ; everything in his township is . in gCK^d working 
order. Having taught school himself he is very popular 
among the teacheca of Fall creek, and there is no use of any 
one running against him ior the office. Mr. L. has, with 
one ei^oqption, act^ with the Bepublican party, and is thor- 
oughly posted on political matters. He is a son of John J. 
I^wis and brotiMr Qi Albert Lewis, of MarkleviUe. Since 
the above was written, Mr. Lems has ireoeiv^d the aomiiia** 
17 



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268 HISTORY OF 



tion for county auditor from the Grange convention of June 
6, 1874, and from the People's convention of August 20. 



SKETCH OF MOSES MAYNARD, THE OLDEST 
MAN IN THE COUNTY, 

It would be strange indeed if we did not in some way 
notice Moses Maynard who lived to the astonishing age- of 
107 years and who without doubt was the oldest man in the 
county, if not in the State. Mr. M. was born in North 
Carolina, and had been a citizen of this county about forty 
years most of which time was spent in Monroe township. 
While traveling over the county in May, I called to see 
Mr. Maynard to gather some facts in regard to his life, age, 
etc. Alas, however, to late ! ! He was then upon his death 
bed and did not live but a few days. We obtained 
however from his daughter-in-law the facts which are sub- 
stantialy the same as will be found in the subjoined obituary 
notice taken from the Herald shortly after his death. It 
seems that Mr. M. enjoyed uninterrupted good health and 
went to Alexandria to deposit his ballot as late as 1873, 
which he never failed to do, having voted 'for all the Pres- 
ident excepting perhaps George Washington. His last ill- 
ness was not attended with much suffering, but like a *' clock 
tired of beating time the wheels at last stood still." Below 
will be found an article on the death of Mr. M. taken 
from the Anderson Herald. 

DEATH OiF THE OLDEST RESIDENT. 



A BBIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE OF MOSES MAYNABD. 



Wesley Chapel, June 22, 1874. 

To the Bdlt<>r of th« Herald : 

I give yon a brief history of the life and death of the 
oldest inhabitant in Madison county. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 269 



Mr. Moses Maynard was born in Orange county, North 
Carolina, October 18th, 1767. He was united in marriage 
to Miss Sarah Greenstreke, m the year 1788. In 1790, he 
removed to Kentucky where he raised a family of eleven 
children. Seven of whom, with their father and mother, 
removed to Madison county, Indiana, in the year 1834. 

Mr. Maynard was among the first settlers in this neigh- 
borhood, on Little Kilbuck. He first settled on the farm 
now owned by McKeown and Pugh, where he resided for 
two or three years, when he removed to the place where he 
ended his earthly pilgrimage. 

His wife died twenty- seven years ago, since which up to 
the time of his death he has lived with his son Barnabas 
Maynard. 

Mr. Maynard was first a member of the Methodist 
church and then of the Baptist church, in Kentucky, and 
after his removal to Indiana, he spent the last thirty-seven 
years of his life in the regular Baptist church. 

' He esteemed and loved his jieighbors and friends very 
much. He was very industrious. Often have we seen him 
in the^harvest field, aiding in taking care of the golden 
grain after he had passed the age of ninety. 

For the past year his health has been rapidly declining. 
His last sickness came suddenly and severely, and was of 
long duration, considering his age and feebleness. He was 
taken sick on the 29th of May, and died on the 18th of the 
present month. His sufferings were very great. He 
retained his senses to the last, and when the final hour came, 
he passed away calmly and peacefully to that bourne &om 
which no traveler ever returns. So ended the days of the 
oldest resident of Madison county. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF GEORGE MOORE. 

Mb. Moobe was bom in North CaroHna, in 1774 ; came 
to the county in 1836 and located in what is now Van 



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2)80 HlgTOEY OF 



Buren township. He helped to organize the township and 
proposed the name, being at the tinie a devoted Van Buren 
man. Mr. Moore, in his boyhood, was often with Daniel 
Boone, of Kentucky, his father being often with Boone in 
his hunting exploits. Mr. M. was a hardy pioneer and the 
frontier life was his delight. He came to -his township 
when it was quite new and was one of its earliest settlers. 
He served as its first trustee. He died in April, 1871, 
aged ninety-seven years, and excepting two was the oldest 
man in the county. He was buried at the cemetery one 
mile and a half north of Summitville. Mr. Moore is the 
fether of Aquilla Moore, who was born in North Carolina 
in 1819 ; came with his fether to the county in 1836 and 
has lived in Van Buren township ever since. Aquilla 
Moore has been engaged in the mercantile business at Sum- 
mitville where he is also postmaster. He voted the first 
Free Soil ticket ever cast in Van Buren township, but has 
lived to see near two hundred vote with him. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF JUDGE W. H. 
MERSHON. 

Me. M. was bom in Middlesex county, N. J. ^e moved 
to Daytoii, Ohio, in 1832. He was largely engaged in the 
fur trade for Preston 'Em^g} visiting the outposts of il^ 
West for thftt firm. He soon after removed to Pendleton, 
Ind. He -was a cha;rter member of M^spn Lodge, No, 4^ 
of Free and Accepted M^f^ag^ns. In 1$42 he was electf^ 
probate judge. He served seven years with credit to him- 
self and to the bench. In 1840 he was district deputy mar- 
shal and superintended the taking of the census over a large 
district. In 1851 Mr. M. removed to Anderson, and con- 
iinuea ^q live tberejup to the time of his de^th, April, 1,874. 
He was at the time acting as justice of the peace. His wife 
4ied in 1^64. They are k)|iried at A?^4®rson cemetery. 



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MADtSON COUNTY. 261 

: -A 



Among their childten ate John D. and William Mei^hon, 
and Mrs. William R. Myers, all of Anderson. Mr. M^s. 
connection with the county was such as will endear him to 
the people for many years to come. He was one of the few 
men who stood by and protected Frederick Douglass, during 
the mob at Pendleton. 

Politically he was a Democrat of the Jeffersonian school. 
In manners be was highly accomplished, agreeable and 
affable. He was a good fireside companion. In person he 
was under the medium size. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF JOHN MARKLE, SEN. 

Mr. Markle was born in the State of New York in 1793 ; 
came to Madison county in the year 1830, and located a 
mile and a half northeast of Huntsville ; he remained there 
two years, and removed to where Markleville now stands, 
building the first house in the town, where he continued to 
live up to the time of his death, which occurred in 1866. 
He was a very peculiar man ; stictly honest ; his word was 
as good as his note ; an ultra Democrat, never having voted 
for but one Whig, and that was General Harrison. He was 
a man of strong mind and will, though he had but little 
education. He was a great reader, and had the Constitution 
of the United States by heart. His religion was of the 
broadest type, believing in the • salvation of the whole 
human family. He was the first postmaster in Markleville, 
being appointed in 1860. The business was done by Sam- 
uel Harden, who was soon after appointed in his place. 
The first time I ever saw Mr. Markle, was at an Old Set- 
tlers' meeting, near Pendleton, in 1858 ; he was upon the 
stand telling how a man was killed in 1831 on the prarie. 
Mr. M. was a man 'who, if once seen, was always known; 
of peculiar make — low, heavy set, and thick, short neck; 
He was kind to a friend, but hard on an enemy. He is 



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262 HISTOEY OF 



buried at McCallister^s graveyard on Lick creek, in Adams 
township. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF THOMAS McCAL- 
LISTER. 

Mr. McCallister was born in Mason county, Virginia, 
in 1796 ; came to Madison county in 1830; settled on his 
farm five miles east of Pendleton and two miles northwest 
of Markleville. He resided there until his death which 
occurred in 1853. Aged fifty-seven years. Mr. McCallis- 
ter stood high among his fellow citizens, representing them 
in the legislature for a period of eleven years, being first 
elected in 1842. He was also elected to the State senate 
but died before that body convened. He headed a band 
who went to demand the release of Peter Runnels and 
others who were in jail at Anderson for mobbing Fred. 
Douglass, at Pendleton, a full account of which will be 
given in another part of this book. It was through the 
influence of Mr. McCallister and Mr. Berry that these men 
were dissuaded from any violence in the matter, indicating 
that he had great influence over his fellow man. 

His religious notions were of the broadest type, embrac- 
ing the salvation of the whole human family. He was a 
staunch Democrat and as such was elected to the offices 
referred to above. Mr. McCallister raised a large family, 
the members of which are considerably scattered, the widow 
having removed to Illinois in 1868. He was a brother to 
John, William and Garrett, and father of J. W. McCallis- 
ter, present candidate for sherifl; 

The names of McCallister and Bell are closely connected; 
both representing the county ; both tall, muscular men, but 
diflering in politics. They were pitted against each other 
for the State senate on the temperance question. Mr. 
McCallister being on the anti-temperance ticket. He was 



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MADISON COUNTY. 263 



elected by a majority of two hundred and fifty over Mr. 
Bell. Mr. McCallister has a monument erected to mark 
his resting place occupying the highest point in the ceme- 
tery, holding in death, as in life a prominent place. He is 
buried on hisfarm and in the cemetery bearing his name, 
•On the bank of Lick c:eek in Adams township. 



THE McCALLISTER FAMILY. 

Among the more prominent families in the county, is the 
one that heads this article. They came from Virginia in an 
early day, and located in the southern part of this county. 
The family has become numerous, and their representatives 
may be found now in all parts of the county and numerous 
other places. The older set consisted of four brothers, John, 
Garrett, Thomas and William, all of whom raised families 
of considerable size. They, in turn, followed the example 
of their parents, complying with the ancient command, 
"thou shalt multiply and replenish the earth," and the 
result is, one has to be better posted on their geneaology than 
I am to give anything like a full history of this family. I 
will, therefore, content myself with noticing a few only 
who have been more or less connected with the pirblic. If I 
should overlook any, it will be attributed, I hope, to a want 
of a better knowledge of the family rather than to any inter- 
est in not recording what may seem an oversight. The first 
we will notice is John, who located in the southern part of 
Fall Creek township, and owned a fine ferm there. He was 
at one time county commissioner, and served acceptably. 
He moved to Anderson, and died there in 1858. Among 
his children, we will notice James, of Lafayette township, 
Mrs. John Hunt, of Spiceland, Augustus C, ol Anderson, 
and John, whose locality is unknown. Secondly, we will 
notice Garrett, who settled one mile west of New Colum- 
bus, on the north side of the road leading to Pendleton. 



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264 HISTORY 0P 



He was a low^ heavy set man^ of fair complexion. He died 
in the year 1854. His wife died a few years. later. Among 
his children are Mrs. Joel Clark, deceased, James G., 
Lorenzo D., Corydon, Calvin, and William Monroe. 
The next we will notice is the family of Thomas. A full 
account of himself will be given in another place. Among 
his children are John W., Garrett, Martin, Robert, Mrs. 
John and Weston Somerville, Clifton and Dewitt Clinton. 
The next we will notice is William who lived two miles 
southwest of New Columbus where he owned a ftne farm. 
He was a large man, full six feet high, and of fair complex- 
ion. He removed to Columbus and died there in 1868. 
Among his children we find Garrett, whose wife was the 
daughter of James P. Irish. Garrett died on his farm mid- 
way between Pendleton and Markleville in 1860. John, 
his brother, lives just north of the farm described, in the 
edge of Adams township. He has served as county com- 
missioner, and is, at this writing, candidate for sheriff on 
what is known as the People's ticket. The old set, that is, 
the four brothers and their wives are all dead with the 
exception of Thomas' widow, who lives in Illinois. The 
McCallister family are noted for their hospitality. I would 
gladly give a further sketch of this family, but believing 
this in fairness sufficient I will not pursue the geneology any 
furtherl The final resting places of the older brothers are 
as follow^: John at Anderson, Thomas at McCallister 
cemetery, Garrett and William at New Columbus, each by 
the side oi their companions, with the exception of Thomaa 
and John who yet survive. 



SKETCH OF THE MAKEPEACE FAMILY. 

This family came from Massachusetts. The older set 
consisted of Alford, Allen, Greorge, Bradley, Ransom, Elis- 
abeth, Hayden, Lora and Amasa, jr. Their father Amadi 



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MADlSttN GOTTNTY. 265 

Makepeace^ bt., ^ttled at Cbestei*field about the year 1820. 
He built a mill there^ aud at once became among the most 
pirominent men of that locality. He was justice of the 
peace in 1840. .He diied a number of years ago, and was 
buried at the cemetery west of Chesterfield. The most 
prominent among this family was Allen. He was the first 
merchant in Chesterfield, and continued in business there 
for a number of j ears. He was very successful in busi- 
ness, and at the time of his death was the wealthiest man 
in the counly. He was associated with the bank at Ander- 
son, and at one time owned two thousand acres of land. 
About 1850, he built a fine brick house in Chesterfield, 
where his widow still resides. Allen is the father of 
Quincy Makepeace and Mrs. John E. Corwin, of Anderson. 
Mr. A. died in Michigan in 1872, whfere he had gone to 
recruit his health. His remain^ were brought home and 
interred in Chesterfield cemetery. In person Mr. M. was 
about five feet and eight inches in hight, of fair complexion, 
fine looking, and polished in his manners. He is some- 
what noted for his integrity and close application to busi- 
ness, which were the sure avenues to his success. He was 
at the time of his death about sixty-six years of age. 

The next we will notice is Alford, who located at Ander- 
son, and who was closely associated with its histoiy. He 
was one of its first merchants, and built the U. S. Hotel in 
1852, which was at that time an ornament to the town. He 
at one time possessed a large amount of property, but, 
on account of the fickleness of fortune, became dispos- 
sessed of it to a great extent. He is the father of Allen, 
jr., Horace, A. I. Makepeace, Mrs. William Mayes, Esty and 
Charles. In person Mr. A. was large and of heavy, square 
make. He died in 1873, and was buried at Anderson cem- 
tery. George was also engaged in merchandize at Chester- 
field at an early day, and built the lairg6 brick business 
house there in 1850. As to his family we are not advised. 
Bradley is living in Anderson. Amasa, the youngest, is liv- 
ing in Chesterfield. He owns the mill built by his fath^ 
in early times. This closes the history of this pioneer fiBim- 



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266 HISTORY OF 



ily 08 far as we are able to give it. One of the mem- 
bers having promised a full sketch, and having failed^ 
for reasons, unknown, we have, hastily, before going 
to press, gathered the above incomplete eket<5h, which we 
are somewhat loth to publish concerning a family so associ- 
ated with early history, and so deserving of more extended 
notice. 



WILLIAM PRIGG, SENIOR. 

Mr. Prigg was born in Maryland in 1790; came to 
Dayton, Ohio, 1829 ; kept a half-way house between Dayton 
and Eaton ; came to Madison county in 1835 ; settling on 
his farm on the south side of Fall Creek in Adams town- 
ship near the Henry county line, where he has resided ever 
since. He was soon afterward elected associate judge, 
served seven years without missing a day when court was in 
session. 

The presiding judge at that time was W. W. Wick ; the 
other associate judge was William Miller. 

Mr. Prigg has always occupied a high place among his 
fellow citizens ; served with credit on the bench. He is 
and always was a Universalist and is well able to defend 
the doctrine. He is in every way a worthy man. Since 
the death of the old Whig party he has acted with the 
Republicans. He was a strong war man desiring the suc- 
cess of the boys in blue ; Mr. Prigg lost his wife in July, 
1871 ; age 77 years. In 1872, he visited Maryland, the 
place of his birth in company with Isaac Franklin and Dr. 
J. Weeks. He is eighty-four years of age ; is somewhat 
bald, but strong in mind for one of his age. He is one of 
the links connecting the past with the present. In person 
Mr. P. is tall over six feet in hight, high forehead, promi- 
nent nose, and altogether a man of strong character and 
has been a man of mark in the county. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 267 



He lives with his son William on the old homestead 
which overlooks Fall creek and the borders of Henry 
county. ' 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF HENRY PLUMMER, 

Mr. p. was born in Randolph county, N. C, in 1806 ; 
came to Wayne county, Indiana, in 1809 ; to Rush county 
in 1823 ; and to Madison county in 1836 ; he has lived here 
ever since. Mr. P. was county commissioner in 1841, and 
served as trustee of Pipe Creek township four years ; he 
served as township assessor for several years ; he received 
the nomination for county commissioner at the Democratic 
.convention, April 5th, 1874, and was elected over his com- 
petitor, J. H. Hall, at the following October election, by a 
majority of forty-four. Mr»Plummer is a prominent mem- 
ber and exhorter in the Christian Church. He is regarded 
AS a number one man, plain and unassuming in his man- 
ners, and a Christian gentleman. He resides two miles 
north of Frankton, where he owns a fine farm. The writer 
first met him while gathering material for this work, when 
he tarried over night with him and received the hospitali- 
ties of his family. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF ROBERT E. POIN- 
DEXTER. 

Mb. Poindexter was born in Mason county, Virginia, 
in 1825; came to Madison county in 1837, and has resided 
here ever since. He lived seven years in Pendleton, work- 
ing at the carpenter trade, and then removed to his farm, 
four miles east of Pendleton, where he lived several years. 



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268 HtttOitY OfF 



In March, 1865, he moved to Columbus and engaged in 
the mercantile business for five years. Mr. P. was elected 
justice of the peace and served four years from April 1864. 
He ran in primary convention in 1872 for real estate 
appraiser but was defeated by David Festler, by a few votes. 
He has served as president of the Anderson and New 
Columbus Short Line turnpike. 

Mr. P. Has lived on his farm the past four years with 
the exception of a few months' residence in Anderson. His 
farm is on the north bank of Fall creek, five miles south of 
Anderson. He is patentee of a saw set that promises to be 
of utility, and was granted letters of patent Jtdy 16, 1872, 
and has also made application for a patent on a saw gauge 
and is awaiting results. In faith Mr. Pomdexter has 
always been a Universalist and is regarded as a very worthy 
man. He has always acted with the Democratic party. 
He is a son of Josephus Poindexter, formerly of Adams 
township. Mr, P. was married in 1847 to a daughter of 
Garrett McCallister. * 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF DR. JOEL PRATT. 

Db. Pratt was born in Boston in 1826 and came to the 
county when quite a young man. He read medicine at 
Pendleton with Drs. Cook and Jones, aL d commenced the 
practice of his profession at New Columbus, where he con- 
tinued up to the time of his death, which occurred in 1872. 
Mr. P. was married to Palmer Patrick^s daughter. She 
died in 1858. They are both buried at Pendleton cemetery. 
Mr. P. was a noble hearted man, of generous nature and a 
successful physician. There are but few houses in Adams 
township which he has not visited in his extensive practice, 
and he Will be remembered in time to come as a most excel* 
lent man. His nature was such that he did not accumuldlt^ 
much pi^perty. The cup, too had its ench'antment foi* hitti 



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MADiSON COUNTY. ^9 

and it was to some extent bis ruin. He was kind to the 
poor, and this endeared him to the people^ and his goodness 
can not be eradicated from their affections. In person Mr. 
P. was a fine looking man. He was five feet eight inches 
in bight with dark hair and complexfon and rather low 
forehead. He was a member of Ovid Lodge^ No. 164, Free 
and Accepted Masons, and when he died was buried hj the 
Order. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF REV. SAUL REGER. 

Mr. R. came to Henry county in 1828 ; resided there one 
year ; came, in the spring of 1829, to Madison county ; set. 
tied on Lick creek about midway between Markleville and 
Pendleton, where he he owned four hundred acres of choice 
land ; he continued to live there until 1853, when he moved 
to Missouri. He joined the M. E. Church early in life, and 
not only became a zealous member, but, later in life, a local 
preacher of some note. He was just the man for a pioneer 
life — strong and thorough-going, and of decided character. 
Mr. R. raised a lai^ family, among whom is Rev. L. D. 
Reger, of Aclams township. We may say of tiiis man that 
his iutfloence for good will long be appreciated, as he ever 
moved onward with un&iling energy in the cause he so early 
advocated. He was not a man of education, but his exam* 
I^e of perseverance was worthy of imitation. Mr. R., in 
person was large, being in hight about six feet, rather cor- 
pulant ; his forehead high and complexion fair. He was 
bom in Vii^inia, and died in Missouri, July 24th, 1867, 
aged about seventy years. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF DR. T. RYAN. 

. Mb. R. was bocnin Peimsylvapiiaiii 184,3. He qw^ to 
Andecson ix^ IMS yrhw^ he engaged in Ihe, pmotibd^ jo£ med- 



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270 HISTORY OF 



icine and soon gained an extensive practice which extended 
over miles of country. He stood high among professional 
men throughout the country. Mr. R. was elected a mem- 
ber of the State legislature in 1846, running against R. N. 
Williams. During the late war he served as lieutenant 
colonel and colonel of the 34th Ind. Vols. He was for sev- 
eral years in the drug business in Anderson, associated with 
Dr* Crampton. He is now engaged in the boot and shoe 
trade on the west side of the public square. In person he 
is about five feet and ten inches in hight with dark skin, 
black hair and high forehead. He has always acted with 
the Democratic party and at one time was a prominent can- 
didate for congress. He is one among the best speakers in 
the county. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF COL. M. S. ROBINSON. 

Mr. Robinson was born in Ripley county, Ind., in 1832. 
He became a citizen of Anderson in 1851, and commenced . 
the practice of law in which he has been engaged up to the pres- 
ent time. He rose rapidly and became a prominent attor- 
ney, not only at the bar of the county, but at that of the 
Supreme Court. He was State elector on the Fremont ticket 
in 1856, He was State prison director in 1860. He was 
elected State senator from the counties of Madison and Grant, 
in 1866 over Dr. John Hunt, and served two years with 
distinction. Mr. M. S. Robinson was elected a member of 
Congress from the 6th district in 1874 over Edmund John- 
son, by a majority of 454. Mr. R. has always acted with the 
Republican party, and is an able advocate of its doctrines. 
On the breaking out of the rebellion, Mr. Robinson went 
out as lieutenant-colonel of the 47th Ind. Vols. He was 
promoted to colonel of the 75th^ and breveted brigadier- 
general. At this writing, Mr. R. has not taken his seat in 
Congress, and as to his course, we can say nothing. Judging 



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MADISON COUNTY. 271 



the future by the past, we may sefely predict that he will 
represent his constituents with ability and fidelity. It is a 
high compliment to one so young to be elected to the Ameri- 
can CongreSy and we trust he will appreciate the compliment 
and keep himself clear from the rings, monopolies and salary 
grabbers, which have proved the downfall of so many politi- 
cal men. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF NATHANIEL RICH- 
MOND. 

Mr. Richmond came to Pendleton in the year 1820 a^ 
the age of twenty-five. He at once became very popular 
with the people. He entered the ministry as a Baptist 
preacher. His popularity continued up to the time he left 
the county, which was about the year 1860. Perhaps in 
his day there was not a minister of any denomination in the 
county that stood higher than Mr. R. He preached far and 
near and commanded large congregations wherever he went. 
He was a tower of strength and had great influence with the 
people. He was a son of Nathaniel Richmond and brother 
of F. M. Richmond and Lorena Eastman spoken of in 
another part of this work. There is about this family 
something of an unusual and interesting history. Three of 
the sons entered the ministry. The parents were of great 
moral worth and consequently they exerted an influence in 
moulding the early sentiments of the people. The name of 
Richmond is inseperably connected with the early history 
of the county. Mrs. Eastman is the only surviving mem- 
ber of this pioneer family. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF MANLEY RICHARDS. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Harrison county,- 
Virginia, in 1801 ; came to this county in 1823, locating in 
Adams township, on the south bank of Fall creek, near- 
where Edwin Trueblood now lives, two miles east of New 



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272 HISTORY OF 



Columbus ; was appointed by Ansel Eichmond to be 
inspector of the first election held in the township ; was 
appointed by Aaron Shaul to collect the first tax, which 
amounted to f 18.25. He has always been an axjtive mem- 
ber of the M. E. Church, as also his wife, of whom we will 
give an extended notice in another place. He prided him- 
self on being a pioneer, attending all of the Old Settlers' 
meetings, where he rehearses the scenes of his early life. 
He is always heard with attention and interest, portraying 
these matters in language which bring to mind these early 
trials anew. Mr. R. is at this writing, August, 1874, lying 
dan^rously ill at his daughters, near Mendeu, on the bank 
of Lick creek. At his special request, we have given 
especial notice of his companion, who died April, 1869. 
He, too, will soon be gathered to his Fathers, ^^ like a shock 
of corn fully ripe.'' In person, Mr. R. is rather under the 
medium size, dark complexion, dark hair and eyes. Mr. B^ 
is closely identified with the early history of Adams town- 
ship. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF CATHARINE 
RICHARDS. 

Mb8. R. was daughter of Peter and Margaret Hardmam ; 
was born September the 16th, 1798, in Harrison county, 
Virginia. She was united to Manley Richards in marriage 
in 1818. In 1823 they emigrated to Madison jounty, where 
she continued to live until her death which occurred in 
1869« She was a consistent member of the Metiiodist 
church and one of the first members of the Pendleton class. 
She was a woman of strong fitith and untiring zeal, faith- 
ful mother and dutiful wife. Her memory will live, the 
youth will speak in her praise, when she shall have been 
dead mwy years. jE^peoially will she be remembored by 
tba church of wbiabi^e was am active number. She did 
not let triAi^g pirc^ioo^pcee prevent her from attending 
Diyine wpi^^ip, Phe was aJwAjr^ l(wn(l in h^r aof*, wtil 



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MADISON COUNTY. 273 



within the last few months of her life, which proved to her 
that of deep afiSiction and suffering, falling and breaking a 
limb from which she never fully recovered. This occurred 
in July, 1866. During this long interval she was never 
heard to complain, nor murmur, but seemed to be resigned 
to her fate. Death came kindly to her relief and her happy 
spirit took its flight to an unknown world. The life of 
this woman should be imitated, her virtues practiced, if we 
would like her share the Crown which was doubtless hers. 

" And we are glad that she has lived thus long, 

And glad that she has gone to her reward ; 

Nor kindly nature did her wrong 

Thus to disengage the vital cord." 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF THE LATE T. N. 
STILWELL. 

The subject of this sketch from his prominent position 
before the people of the county, and the tragic death which 
he so lately met, seems to demand more than a passing 
notice. J Mr. Stilwell had been a citizen of the county 
twenty years, coming from Ohio when a young man. He 
at once had the confidence of the people ; for as early as 
1856 he was elected to the State legislature. When the war 
broke out he enlisted in defence of his country, going out 
as quartermaster in the 34th regiment Indiana volunteers^ 
promoted colonel ; assisted in organizing the 130th regi- 
ment ; made war speeches all over the <?ounty, and in fact 
throughout the eleventh congressional district, from which 
territory the above regiment was obtained. Just before 
their departure to the field the Colonel was presented with 
a fine gold watch by this reginent as a mark of their confi- 
dence and ei^em. He was elected a member of the 39th 
congress and served his term creditably. Was appointed by 
the President as a minister to the republic of Venezuela, S. 
A., and through him an old claim on that government was 
a^josted. Beti:|ri^iiig hp built the Stilwell Hous^ which 
lyi^ lopg rei^p an honor to the city and a mark dempn- 
18 



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274 HISTORY OF 



strative of his public spirit. This building is one of the 
best in Anderson, costing 40,000 dollars. 

Mr. S., in connection with his father, was engaged in the 
banking business in what will be remembered as the citi- 
zens, then first national, bank, which came to rather an 
unpleasant termination in November, 1873. In other 
words it failed, and is now unable to pay its creditors. The 
last year or two of his life he became reckless, having 
resorted to the flowing bowl. A little later he hid a dis- 
pute with Mr. John E. Corwin, in regard to some bonds 
alledged to have been deposited by Mr. Allen Makepeace, 
and for whose estate Mr. Corwin was administrator, Mr. 
C. alledging and Mr. 8. denying the validity of these bonds, 
amounting to $14,500. 

This was afterwards decided by the court in favor of the 
Makepeace estate. In this stage of things we find mat- 
ters on the evening of January 14th, 1874, where 
we would gladly draw the curtain. But a further duty- 
devolves upon us. On the evening referred to, Mr. 8. went 
to the banking office of Mr. C, on the north side of the 
square, entered the door with pistol in hand. Mr. C, 
observing him, leaped over the counter, grappled with Mr. 
8., whose pistol was discharged, hitting the pocket of Mr. 
C. The progress of the ball was arrested by a key. Mr. 
C, still holding on, drew his revolver, shot Mr. 8. twice in 
the head, killing him instantly. It is hardly necessary to 
say that this caused intense excitement, both being highly 
connected and respected. Mr. C. gave himself up to the 
proper authorities; gave bond; a preliminary trial soon fol- 
lowed, before A. H. Pratt, which was attended with great 
interest. The defense was represented by Gen. Ben. Harri- 
son, of Indianapolis, and John A. Harrison, of Anderson ; 
the prosecution by Maj. J. W. Gordon, of Indianapolis, 
assisted by Itobinson and Lovit, of Anderson. Both sides 
were ably contested. Perhaps no trial has ever taken place 
in the county tliat was watched with such interest. On the 
third day the trial terminated in the acquittal of Mr. Cor- 
win ; and, while the verdict was not at the time received 



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MADISON COUNTY. 275 



by all as just, time will^ in this case^ as it must in all 
similar ones, give its approval. Though Mr. S. went to his 
grave somewhat under a cloud, and just in the meridian of 
life, he will be remembered as a noble hearted man, a kind 
father and a faithful friend. The city of Anderson lost in 
him a benefactor, as it was his ambition to make it a live 
town. ^We can afford to forget his faults and dwell on his 
virtues. And whether or not time will overlook the wrongs 
which led to his untimely end, they ought to be now a 
timely warning to all to shun the cup which has been indi- 
rectly the cause of blighting the finest intellect, and bringing 
many otherwise worthy persons to a premature grave. 
Mr. S. had a life insurance policy amounting, it is said, to 
$60,000. He was elected to the Legislature as a Democrat, 
and to Congress as a Republican. In the campaign of 1872 
he acted with the Liberal or Greely party. He was an elo- " 
quent speaker, and had a commanding appearance. In per- 
son he was of medium size, broad, heavy shoulders, good 
features and dark hair, and was at the time of his death 
forty-four years of age. He is buried in the cemetry at 
Anderson. He leaves an interesting family, well cared for. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF J. T. SWAIN. 

The subject of this sketch was born in North Carolina, 
and came to Huntsville in the year 1830. He worked at 
carpentering and cabinet making. In 1842, he was elected 
justice of the peace, and continued to serve in that capacity 
up to the day of his death, January 6, 1874, serving thirty- 
two consecutive years. He was the oldest justice in the 
county, if not in the State. His farm was adjoining Hunts- 
ville, where he built a house in 1858. This house was con- 
sumed by fire in 1872, causing him a loss of $2,000. Though 
afflicted with poor health, he built again, scarcely complet- 
ing it before he was taken down with a long sickness from 
which he never recovered. I first became acquainted with Mr. 
Swain in 1855; was associated with his family by marriage. 



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276 HISTORY OF 



and consequently became well acquainted with him. Dur- 
ing the nineteen years acquaintance with Mr. Swain^ I never 
knew an action that would not comport with the strictest 
sense of honesty and integrity. His long continued public 
life, if nothing else, would commend his memory to thos- 
unacquainted with him. Mr. Swain is buried at the ceme. 
tery at Huntsville, by the side of his wife, who died in 1867 
Mr. Swain was about five feet ten inches in hight, of dark 
skin, high forehead, and projecting eyebrows. At the time 
of his death, he was fifty-eight year^ of age. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF WRIGHT SMITH, SR. 

Mr. S. was born in Virginia, in 1798. He came to 
Rush county in 1829, and remained there seven years. He 
then came to Madison county in 1836, first settling in Mon- 
roe township ; afterwards in Boone, where he continued to 
live up to the time of his death, which occurred in 1863. 
Mr. S. was a devoted Methodist, and did much to establish 
this society in his neighborhood, especially in building a 
church. He gave the land and principally built the house, 
which bears his name. He was among the most active tem- 
perance men, and advocated it when it was not popular in 
his township. He had the courage to stand up and defend 
it at all times. He was also a friend and encourager of the 
Sabbath school. In fact he was on the right side of all 
moral questions. His memory should be kept green for the 
sterling qualities and noble ambition which were character- 
istic of the man. Mr. S. had the entire confidence of the 
people, serving them as trustee, class leader, etc. His com- 
panion is yet living, in the eighty-second year of her age. 
She was worthy of such a husband as she found in Mr, 
Smith. They raised a large family. Among whom are 
George and James Smith, and Mrs. Joel McMahan, of 
Boone, and Captain Joseph T. Smith, of Anderson. One 
of the above was the first white child bom in Boone town- 
ship. In person, Mr. S. was tall, slim, and dark oomplec- 



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MADISON COUNTY. 277 



tion,.with dark hair. He was buried at the Porrestville 
cemetery, near his own home. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF ADLIZA SLAUGHTER. 

Among the comparatively few women whom we will 
notice in this book, we would not fail to speak of Mrs. 
Slaughter. She was born in Wayne county, Indiaua, in 
1816; came, with her parents, to the county in 1822. She 
has lived in the county ever since with the exception of the 
last few years, during which she has resided at Indianapo- 
lis. Mrs. Slaughter is the eighth child ot Samuel Holliday, 
who was among the early settlers of the county. She was 
married to John Slaughter in 1853, when she became a cit- 
izen of Adams township, and remained there up to the death 
of Mr. Slaughter, which occurred in January, 1866. Mrs. 
Slaughter in a lad} in every sense of the word ; a consistent 
Christian, and has been a member of the Methodist, Episco- 
pal church for thirty years. She was, for many years, a mem- 
ber of the class at Markleville, where I became acquainted 
with her in 1859. She is the only surviving member of an 
early and interesting family of whom there was eleven chil- 
dren. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF JAMES R. SILVER. 

Mr. S. was bom in Warren county, Ohio, in 1827, and 
came to Pendleton in 1838. He commenced business as a 
merchant in 1849, and and has continued in the business 
ever since. Mr. S. has served as master of Madison Lodge 
No. 44, for three years, and was a charier member of the 
Chapter at Pendleton. He is now engaged in building, just 
south of town, one of the finest residences in the county. 
He also owns a large farm besides the one his residence is 
on. In 1868, he in connection with Mr. Morris bought a 
fine storeroom, twenty by seventy on State street, and they 



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278 HISTORY OF 



now occupy it as a place of business. This is one of the 
best rooms in Pendleton, and is used also for a post office. 
Mr. S. though a young man, has accumulated a large 
amount of property. Though he has never been a member 
of any church, he is in faith a Universalist, and has been 
associated with that society, and contributed to the build- 
ing of their church at Pendleton. He has taken an active 
part in the Fall creek agricultural society. He is a stock- 
holder, and was president of the society one year. 



SKETCH OF THE 8HAUL FAMILY. 

This family came early to the county from Virginia. 
The older set consist of Saul, John, and Aaron. Each had 
large families and the result is that there are quite a number 
of them principally in Green and Fall Creek townships. 
What we have to say will be mostly confined to the older 
set, as our acquaintance with the younger portion would 
not warrant a detailed statement. The first we will notice 
is John, who was born in Virginia in 1781 and came to the 
county in 1836, and located two miles west of Pendleton, 
where he lived up to the time of his death, which occurred 
in 1854. His wife died in 1856. They are aged respect- 
ively seventy-three and sixty-five. They are both buried 
at the Falls Cemetery. They are the parents of O. B. 
Shaul, of Green township, a very worthy man. He was 
born in Ohio in 1825 ; came with his parents to Green 
township, and has lived in the same locality ever since. 
Saul was among the first settlers and came ss early as 1820. 
He was born in Virginia in 1786 and died November, 1864, 
aged seventy-eight years. His wife died November, 1 873. 
They are both buried at Mt. Carmel Cemetery, four miles 
southwest of Pendleton, on the Bellefontaine railroad. 

Mr. Shaul was county commissioner at an early day, and 
was universally respected as an upright citizen. Aaron 
lived south of Anderson, two miles where he lived many years, 
and where he erected a fine house in the year of 1857. He 



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MADISON COUNTY. 279 

formerly lived at Pendleton, where he was engaged in the 
tanning business. He died in 1866, and is buried at Kokomo, 
Indiana. His age was about seventy. His wife died in 
California, in 1873, while on a visit to her children. Their 
daughter was the first wife of D. A. Ireland, of Pendleton. 
Mrs. Sbaul had been but a few months in California when 
she met with an accident, in which she broke a limb, and 
from which she never recovered. Mr. and Mrs. Shaul were 
in many respects alike. Both large, blessed with strong 
•constitutions, and well fitted for a pioneer life. They lived 
4;ogether near forty years. They joined their fortunes and 
;shared the toils and joys alike. One is buried in Indiana, 
the other sleeps in the Golden State, doubtless on one of 
the many hills that tower heavenward, where the golden 
sunlight sparkles in the early morn, and where his rays 
linger when sinking in the dreamy West. 

Upon one of those hills the writer would like to lie down 
when lifers fitful dream is over and there let the balmy 
breezes and the golden sunlight alternate dwell. Upon some 
of those hills the writer has wandered and caught the view 
of the snow-clad mountains of the Sierra, and on the other 
hand the lovely valley that lies smiling: in the distance. 
Who would not choose a place like this to lie down at last 
where the tall pines would sing our requiems above. My 
fnind oflen revisits those hills and valleys. They rush upon 
my imagination and I fancy that I hear the tall pines sigh 
and nod, almost conscious of their greatness. But I am 
wandering away and will return to my subject. While 
•many miles intervene between the remains of this couple 
their spirits may be blending together where the golden 
land, spoken of, sinks into nothingness in comparison. It 
makes very little difference where we fall in the valley or on 
the mountain top if we gain Heaven at last. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF ANDREW SHANKLIN 

Among the prominent men of the county, we find Mr. 
;8hanklin to be conspicuous. He was bom in Virginia, in 



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280 rilStoHtO^ 



June^ 1S06 ; came to Madison county in the jreat 1830,a1i(f 
located on Foster's Bi^nch two and one-half miles.west of 
Pendletori, in Green township. He was elected justice 6t 
the peace in 1840; elected a member of the constitutional 
convention in 1850, and a member of the legislature in 
1852. He was an influential member of the M. E. Church,, 
at whose house meetings were often held in early times. 
He at one time owned two thousand acres of land, the most 
of which he bought of Blanding and Wells, at four dol- 
lars and thirty cents per acre. He had, however, disposed 
of the most of it previous to his death, excepting the home 
farm. Mr. S. was highly esteemed as an upright man and 
of great moral worth. He died in the year 1865 and was 
buried in the Pendleton cemetery. He was the father of 
William V. Shanklin, of Stoney Creek, and Mrs. C. E. 
Goodrich, of Green township. In person, Mr. S. was a large 
strongly made man, fully six feet high, with dark complex- 
ion and rough features. His widow is living on the home 
farm. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF WILLIAM V. 
SHANKLIN. 

Mr. S. was born in Virginia, in 1829, and came with his^ 
father to Madison county in 1830. He now resides four 
miles northwest of Pendleton on the Fishersburg pike» 
Mr. S. was elected justice of the peace in 1856. He owns^ 
eight hundred and twenty acres of fine land, where he built 
in 1869, a fine house and steam mill costing two thousand 
dollars each ; and is at present engaged in the lumber trade 
and farming. He was also engaged for two years in pork 
packing at Pendleton with George R. Boram. Mr. S. is a 
strong Sunday school man ; has served as superintendent 
of the Sabbath school near his house for a number of years- 
Served as vice-president of the county Sunday school 
union ; and was elected president of the same at the annual 
meeting at Markleville, September, 1873. Mr. S. is the- 
son of Andrew Shanklin, formerly of Green township. Mr» 



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MADISON COtJNl?Y.' ^ -2^1. 

Shanklin in person is tall^ has a dark skin and high fbre- 
iiead, and is hear six feet in hight. H^ is an active mem- 
ber of the M. J2. church. Mr. S. is a director and 
Aiockholder of the Pendleton and Fishersburg pike. 



REV. WILLIAM A. THOMPSON. 

Mr. Thompson was born in Pittsylvania county, in the 
State of Virginia, on the 12th day of October, 1803. He 
was married to Mary E. Burger on the 26th day of Septem- 
ber, 1819, and had thirteen children — eight boys and five 
girls— of whom eleven grew to be men and women ; eight 
of which still survive. He removed from the State of 
Virginia to Wayne county, Indiana, in the spring of 1832, 
and remained there until the spring of 1839, when he 
removed to Madison county. He lived here until 1866, 
when he removed to Sullivan county, where he still resides. 
He was, by trade, a shoemaker, but when he came to this 
county he abandoned his trade and chose farming as a busi- 
ness, most congenial to his nature. In 1828 he joined the 
Methodist-Episcopal church, and remained a member until 
1830, when he joined the Old School Baptist church. On 
the first Saturday in August, 1830, he preached his first 
sermon and has continued to preach, without intermission, 
to this day. He seldom passed a Saturday or Sunday with- 
out preaching a sermon. 

He has always been remarkable for his good health, fine 
physical constitution and good temper. During his long 
life he has scarcely ever been known to be angry, especially 
with any member of his family. He is five feet eight inches 
high, heavy set, and has a full red complexion, blue eyes, 
black hair, and is a very ready speaker. In politics, he was 
always a Democrat, and never voted for a man for any oflSce 
who was not a Democrat. His wife, Mary, died on the 3d 
day of May, 1864, and he married Mrs. Sarah Richards, the 
widow of John Richards, a Baptist preacher, of Grant county. 
He was elected a member of the Indiana Legislature in 



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282 HISTORY OF 



1856y and served in that capacity one term, with great honor 
to himself and to the people who elected him. He was one 
of the conunittee who voted against the State assuming the 
payment of the Wabash and Erie Canal bonds. In 1863, 
he was elected county commissioner for Madison county, 
and served one term, and was mainly instrumental in hav- 
ing Madison county issue bonds to pay bounties to soldiers, 
who had volunteered in the defence of their country. His 
children who are yet living, are George D., a farmer; 
William A., a Baptist preacher; James A., David T., John 
F., Calvin D., Mary E. Peniston, and Lucy J. Van Meter. 



PERSONAL SKETCH ^OF J. W. WESTERFIELD. 

Mb. W. came to Anderson in the year 1839. He was 
then a young man just commencing in life. He engaged in 
the practice of medicine and was a successful practitioner 
for some twenty-five years. He is not now practicing but 
has been engaged in the drug business, and for the past few 
years in the boot and shoe trade. At this writing I believe 
he is out of business. A few years ago he built the West- 
erfield hall and the business rooms below, which were an 
improvement to that part of the city. The hall is used for 
general purposes, such as lectures, preaching, etc. This 
hall will accommodate about five nundred persons and is a 
credit to its proprietor. Mr. W. has been a citizen of the 
•county thirty-five years in both public and private positions, 
and during all that time he maintained a good name which 
is rather to be chosen than great riches. In religious mat- 
ters Mr. W. is liberal in his views and a true Christian 
gentleman. In person he is large and and fine looking with 
a high forehead. At one time Mr. W. was county auditor 
and for several years was closely connected with the school 
matters of the county. 



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MADISON COUNTY 283 



SKETCH OF WILLIAM WILLIAMS. 

Among the early settlers on Fall Creek was Mr. Wil- 
liams. He was born in North Carolina in 1775^ and moved 
to this county in the spring of 1824, and located three miles 
^ast of Pendleton on the Fall Creek road leading to New 
Columbus. He lived on the north side of the creek, six 
miles immediately south of Anderson, up to the time of his 
death, which occurred on November 16th, 1847. At one 
time he owned five hundred and eighty acres on Fall creek, 
which he entered. He neighbored with the Briggs' and 
Sawyers^, three miles further up the creek. He started the 
first nursery in the county, in which business he seemed to 
take delight. His wife died in September, 1847. They 
raised a family of nine children, all of whom lived to man- 
hood and womanhood. Among those living are Martin and 
Caleb Williams, both of Illinois, and both of whom have 
been engaged in the fruit and nursery business. Annie 
Roberts and Miriam Tilson, both of Huntsville, and Mrs. 
Harden, of Pendleton, widow of the late John Harden. 
Martin Williams formerly lived on and owned the farm 
known as the Crown Hill farm, four miles n( rth of Indian- 
apolis. Mr. and Mrs. Williams were highly respected in 
their time, and are buried at the Huntsville cemetery. 
They were Quakers and will be long remembered. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF R N. WILLIAMS. 

Mb. Williams was born in North Carolina and came to 
Anderson in the year 1828, where he continued to live up 
to the time of his death, which occurred in 1869. He was, 
^t the time of his death, near sixty years of age. From 
first to last he was closely associated with the affairs of the 
county. He served as representative, auditor, clerk, and 
recorder ; and in 1865 he was elected the first mayor of the 
eity of Anderson. He was among the first attorneys of the 



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284 HISTOKY OF 



county^ and a highly esteemed member of the bar at the 
time of his death. He was a charter member of the Mt. 
Mbriah Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, and was one 
of its 6rst secretaries. With the exception of Andrew 
Jackson he has filled more offices than any other man in 
the county. Mr. Williams served in all the above offices 
with general acceptability. The fact of his having filled so 
many offices of trust and profit is of itself enough to show 
his high standing among his fellow citizens. He lived to 
see Anderson grow from a few scattered houses to an incor- 
porated city. Mr. Williams was the father of Augustus 
and A. D. Williams of Anderson. In person he was tall, a 
little stooping, of thin visage, with light hair and high fore- 
head. He is buried at the cemetary at Anderson. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF ADAM WINCHELL. 

Mr. W. was among the first settlers of Fall creek, com- 
ing here in 1823, locating two miles east ot Pendleton, near 
where William Ifort now lives. He was elected as associ- 
ate judge, and for what reason it does not appear, for it is 
said he could scarcely read or write. He worked at black- 
smithing for a number of years, and made the handcuffs 
which adorned the wrists of Bridge and Sawyer. He was 
on the bench when those worthies were tried at the Falls in 
1824. He was doubtless better fitted for the blacksmith 
than the judicial bench. He was not wanting, however, in 
honesty and integrity, which goes a long way, or should, in 
place of the refined superfluities of to-day. He is repre- 
sented as having been careless as regards dress and manners. 
It is related that he actually pared his toe nails while sitting 
on the bench. This incident is not given to disparage the 
the memory of Mr. W., but as a contrast with the judged 
of the present day. He removed West many years since and 
died there ; the year I have been unable to find out ; perhaps 
about the year 1840, at which time he must have been 
about sixty-five years of age. Mr. W. was born in North 



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MADISON COUNTY. 



m 



Carolina^ of German parents. He was a man of compact 
build, muscular, and of the "heavy tread'' order. As 
regards religion, he was of the Methodist faith. 



PERSONAL SKETCH OF FREDERICK WINDELL. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Virginia in 1789 ; 
came to Madison county in 1829, and located on Lick creek, 
five miles east of Pendleton. Mr. W. met a tragic end 
under the following circumstances : On the 19th day of 
December, 1850, he was making preparations to help a 
neighbor kill hogs ; got down his gun intending to load 
it ; put his foot on the hammer to blow his breath in the 
barrel, forgetting that he had previously loaded it. The 
result was, as it has been recorded a thousand times, his 
foot slipped firom the hammer, the gun discharged shooting 
him in the mouth, killing him instantly. It need hardly 
be said that this unfortunate occurrence cast a gloom over 
a large family circle and that of many friends and acquain- 
tances. The widow still lives, making her home at one of 
her sons on the old home farm. Among the other children 
we may mention Dr. Windell, of Pendleton, and Mrs. Wil- 
liams and Mrs. Hardman, of Markleville. In person, Mr. 
W. was large and fleshy, weighing over two hundred 
pounds, fair complexion, and naturally of a jovial disposi- 
tion. He was regarded as a good man, a kind neighbor, 
and he was universally respected by all. His rare oonver- 
aational powers rendered him a desirable firside companion. 
His untimely end was^ the occasion of one of the largei^t 
funeral processions ever witnessed in this part of the 
country at that day. He was buried at the Busby grave- 
yard, four miles east of Pendleton. At the time of bi# 
death he was in tl^e 61st y^ar of his ag^. He had been a 
oitiioeii of the oounty tw^ily-one years. 



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286 HISTORY OF 



MEETING OF MEXICAN SOLDIERS. 



Anderson, Inb., Nov. 14, 1874. 

According to appointment a meeting of the Mexican- 
soldiers of Madison county, Indiana, met in the auditor'* 
office and was called to order by Colonel N, Berry, and wa» 
organized by the appointment of Colonel Berry as chair- 
man, and H. P. Shafer as secretary. 

By motion of John Hicks, a call of the townships wa» 
made for the purpose of ascertaining the soldiers of said 
county. 

Adams township, John Probasco, P. O. address, Ander- 
son. 

Fall C>«»ek, H. P. ShaflPer, John Hicks and Brady, Pen- 
dleton. 

Jackson, John Hendren, Perkinsville. 

Anderson, N. Berry, W, J. Phiipot, Anderson. 

Union, Levi Brewer, Florida. 

Pipe Creek, Ransom P. Moler, Robert P. Garretsoa,. 
Anderson. Branock and James Ripley, Frankton. 

Boone, Micajah Francis, Rigdon. 

Duck Creek, J. R. Morris, and 8. T. Tetrick, Elwood. 

On motion of J. H. Hicks, a committee of three was* 
appointed to draft resolutions consisting of J. H. Hicks,. 
John Probasco and J. R. Morris. 

Upon which the said Committee made the following 
report : 

Whereas, The ties formed between those who have endured 
common hardships, suffered common privation, and braved common 
dangers in the defense of their country's right %nd honor, are as they 
ever should be, indissoluble. 

Resolved, Therefore, That a few of the surviving soldiers who^ 
served in the army of the United States during the war between our 
country and Mexico, will ever cherish the proud recollection that we- 
responded to the call of our country in the hour of danger; and on 
this occasion we meet to renew the friendship formed between us^ 
when on foreign soil. We with s^trong arms and stout hearts main- 
tained the rights of our country and the honor of our flag. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 28T 



Besdvedf That we remember with patriotic pride the gallant deeds 
of ourselves and comrades who carried victoriously the the banner 
of our country from Vera Cruz to the capital of Mexico and triumph- 
antly planted the stars and stripes of American liberty on the halls 
of the Montezumas. 

Besdved, That among the fruits of our victories we extended our 
southwestern boundary from the Neuces to the Bio Grande and 
added New Mexico and California to the United States. That from 
our territorial acquisition our country has derived among many 
advantages at least one billion dollars in gold, which largely contrib- 
uted to build railroads across the continent, erect churches and 
school houses in every State in the Union, to stimulate improve- 
ments of every kind, to increase our trade both at home and abroad, 
and to adorn and beautify our common country by converting waste 
places into happy homes and cause the wilderness to bloom and 
blossom as the rose. 

Besolvedf That we regard the surviving soldiers who served during 
the Mexican war, their widows and orphans as both worthy and 
entitled to the Nation's gratitude. 

Resolved, That we will attend the convention to be held at Indian- 
apolis, on the 7th and 8th days of January, 1875, by our old comrades 
in arms, and unite with them in an appeal to a generous country and 
patriotic Congress and executive, to add the names of the surviving 
soldiers in the Mexican war to the list of pensioners to the end that 
the Nation's bounty may be extended to all, who, by their deeds of 
noble daring have contributed to maintain the rights and uphold 
the honor of our country either at home or abroad. 

Besolved, That these resolutions be published in the county papers. 

Resolved, That when this meeting adjourn we adjourn to meet at 
Indianapolis on the 7th and 8th days of January, 1875. 



J. H. HICKS, 1 

JOHN PKOBASCO, ^ Committee. 

JOEL R. MORRIS. J 



THE MURDER OF DANIEL HOPIS BY MILTON 

WHITE. 

This murder took place on the 8th day of April, 1867^ 
two and one-half miles southeast of Anderson, on the east 
pike leading to Columbus, in a piece of woods where the 
larger timber had been cut off and a dense undergrowth 
covered the ground. The facts in regard to the murderer's 
arrest and execution are about as follows : The parties had 



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288 mSTO^Y OF 



lived neighbors and were considered good friends. They 
had been in company at Anderson during the day^ ^tart^ 
home together, and were seen to enter the above woods in 
company. This was the last seen of Hopis alive. Search 
was soon instituted and his body found, and near it a sasa- 
frass club, with which it is supposed he was killed, as it ^as 
saturated with blood. (This club, about three feet and a 
half long, was preserved and handsomely labeled, and may 
be seen in the clerk's office at Anderson.) White was 
a,rrested on suspicion and lodged in jail. In the meantime 
circumstances pointed to him as the probable murder. His 
preliminary trial was had before Esquirer Schlater in which 
a sufficient amount of evidence was obtained to remand him 
back to jail to await the session of the circuit court, which 
convened in the following August, judge, Henry A. 
Brouse. 

After some little delay in obtaining a jury the following 
were chosen : J. M. Nelson, Macajab Francis, David King, 
W. P. Prewett, Robert Jones, J. B. Chodwick, Eli Davis, Levi 
Conner, Jonathan Deboy, Thomas Hughes, Thomas Wood 
and Henry Etchler. The case was prosecuted by Nick Van 
Horn, assisted by C. D. Thompson ; th^ defense by H. D. 
Thompson and James W. Sansbury. 

After a thorough examination of the case White was con- 
victed of murder in Ihe first degree, solely on circumstan- 
tial evidence, as no eye saw him commit the crime. So 
perfect, however, was the chain of evidence, that little or 
no doubt ever existed but that he was the proper person 
arrested, tried and executed. 

The time set for carrying out the sentence was the 26th 
-day of September The executive — Grov. Baker — UiinHng 
the time too short, extended it to the first Friday in Novem- 
ber. During this interval he was visited by the Governor 
in person, as there had been some influence brought to bear 
to commute this sentence to imprisonment for life. After 
this interview, the governor refused to interfere, and the 
•execution took place on the day above mentioned, and at 
the fair gro^n^s. 



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MADISON COUNTY, 289 

Of course this event as well as the first day set for his 
execution brought out a large concourse of people to wit- 
ness the proceedings, the like of which had not occurred in 
our county for a period of forty-two years. The execution 
took place in an enclosure. Planks were set up endwise 
and only about one hundred persons were admitted. Some 
not to be outdone climbed the adjcfining trees as high as 
seventy-five or a hundred feet and there overlooked the 
sickening event. As a general rule good order prevailed, 
some however, were barbarous enough to jeer the man on 
the gallows. At about two p. m.. White was conveyed to 
the fair grounds in a vehicle and was dressed in a suit of 
black and followed by a curious crowd. His long confine- 
ment had bleached his naturally dark skin, and his neat 
fitting clothes gave him a good appearance. He was a 
large and powerful man and well made. The animal how- 
ever, largely predominated. Illustrative of this, it is 
reported that he would torture geese, chickens, etc. It was 
his seeming delight to see them suffer; had but little 
intelligence and lacked home culture, and was allowed to 
grow up without moral training. He did not seem to real- 
ize his situation and gave no concern whatever to the awful 
day that awaited him. 

During his confinement in jail he was kindly treated by 
sheriff Snell and wife. I am also glad to learn that deputy 
sheriff, William Roach, was unremitting in his attention to 
the unfortunate man. 

White's body was given in charge of his friends and 
was buried in the Catholic cemetery, just south of Ander- 
\ son. 

Isaac Hoppis was a small, inoffensive man and but little 
known outside of his immediate neighborhood. Was pos- 
sessed of but little harm or good.^ 

The circumstances which led to the above tragedy were 
as follows : Hoppis had accused White of stealing meat 
which he (White) denied. A quarrel ensued which resulted 
as above narrated. They were both married men and 
about the same age — ^twenty-five years. 

19 



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290 HISTORY OF 



THE MURDER OF MISS WILLIAMSON BY HER 
FATHER. 

The above murder, or rather double murder, occurred m 
Union township, one and one-half miles north of Chester** 
field. The facts of the case are about bm follows : Mr. 
Williamson was a citizen of Delaware county, living a 
short distance north of Yorktown. It seems that his daugh- 
ter loved not wisely, but too well, as Mr. Williamson thought. 
He was determined to prevent their union, and had refused 
her suitor admittance to his house. On the day previous to 
this fatal tragedy. Miss Williamson came to Joseph Rams-' 
burghs, an acquaintance, to stay over night. She was fol- 
lowed by her father, who supposed she was making prepar- 
ations to elope. When night came, the daughter and Mrs. 
Ramsburg retired to one bed, and Mr. Williamson and Mr* 
Ramsburg to another. Thus, the night was spent that 
ushered in the gloomy morn. Mr. Ramsburg had gone to 
the barn to feed; Mrs. Ramsburg had repaired to the 
kitchen to prepare the morning meal, leaving Mr. Rams- 
burg and daughter in bed. Mr. Williamson thinking this 
a good time to remonstrate with her, sought her bed cham- 
ber, when a consultation was had, which was heard in part 
by Mrs. Ramsburg ; but thinking nothing particular about 
it, continued at her work. She was soon aroused, however, 
by the screams of the dying girl, whose throat had been cut, 
killing her'klmost instantly. Mr. Williamson went out in 
the yard, drew a revolver, shooting twice, one ball taking 
effect in the forehead, just entering the skin, doing no par- 
ticular harm; the other was the fatal shot, taking effect in 
the throat. He was taken to the oouty jail where he ling, 
ered four days, when death put an end to his suffering. 
This double murder, of course, caused great excitement 
throughout the neighborhood, happening as it did, in the 
same locality, where the Isonagle boys were murdered by 
Stotler, but a short time previous, making this part of the 
county somewhat historical for crime. The house where 
the above murder occurred, was visited by hundreds of citi- 



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MADISON COUNTY, 291 



sens of Madison and Delaware counties. Mr, "VliUiaiiisoa 
barely escaped being lynched by being himself in a very 
•critical conditkNi. 

The people of Madison connty, may in part, erase the 
etain of this crime when they consider the parties were citi- 
zens of another oounty. However, let this be a warning to 
all that the future historian may not be called upon to chron- 
wde a parallel with this. 



SKETCH OF JACOB SCHWINK 



X FATAL ACCIDENT. 

AN OLD AHI> BStEBlISD CITIXBK THBOWK FROM A. BUOOT AND INSTANTLT 

KHiLBD. 



SiKCE the commencement of this book my friend Mr, 
Schwinn has been called to his final account. While gath- 
ering these items I called on Mr. Schwinn^ who we found a 
very clever man. He was a truly devoted Christian and a 
cealous Sunday school worker. He was of German extrac- 
tion though thoroughly Americanised. He was a candi- 
date for the Legislature in 1848^ and was only beaten a few 
votes. He ran on the temperance qij^stion. Following 
will be found an account of his death taken from the 
Anderson Democrat at the time of his death : 

On the morning of Monday last the minds of the people 
of Monroe township were gloom-stricken over the intelli- 
gence that an old and estimable citizen, Mr. Jacob Schwinn, 
had that morning been suddenly called from time to etern- 
ity^ the result of a fell from his buggy^ while attempting to 
t)ontrol a runaway horse attached to the same. 

Mr. Schwinn was on his way to Anderson to make sale 
of a horse, the same being led by him from within his 
buggy ; and ere he had traveled out of sight of his home^ 
the horse intended for sale became reetivey passed around 



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292 HISTOBYOP 



the side ^f the vehicle^ ooming in unexpected contact with 
the horse drawing the buggy ^ whereupon the latter took 
intense fright^ broke off into a fearful plunging run^ result- 
ing as aforesaid in the death of the driver. 

Mr. Schwinn^s son, Evan, had accompanied his father to 
within some sixty rods of where the accident occurred, it 
being that far upon his (the son^s) way where he was teach- 
ing school ; and having his attention attracted by the cries 
of his father in his ineffectual attempt to control his horse, 
ran at his utmost speed to his (the father^s) rescue ^ but lo ! 
when he arrived at his side, the vital spark had flown, and 
the truth, tortuous and intense, flashed upon his mind that 
he was then and there a fatherless boy. The accident was 
witnessed by perhaps half a dozen persons, who, within a 
moment or two, were at his side. 

The supposition is that dislocation of the neck ensued 
from the sudden concussion, and belief favors his never 
knowing what hurt him. The buggy, bottom upward, waa 
found, detached from the horse, a few rods from^ where it's 
previous inmate was found lying. 

This is the fifth demolition the same buggy has undergone 
since its purchase, scarcely a year ago. But the saddest 
feature of this mournful tragedy remains yet to be stated — 
the reception of the lifeless body of the beloved and dear 
father when brought and laid down within the bosom of 
the family circle. Grief, like a descending avalanche, bore 
down upon the souls of the bereaved wife and tear-stricken 
children, whose affectionate wails weighed down with 
mournful emphasis the hearts of the neighbors and friends 
assembled. The truth will permit it to be spoken of the 
deceased that grief for his loss did not terminate at the con- 
fines of the family circle. 

Jacob Schwinn was an efficient member of society. I 
mean by the same, he was a kind father, a good neighbor, 
and, viewed socially, politically, and from a business stand- 
point, implicitly squared his life by a high and intelligent 
conception of morality. 

He was a member of honorable and longjstandiug in the 



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MADISON COUNTY. 293 



order of Masonry ; also of the Methodist Episcopal Chun^ ; 
was aweek-day as well as a Sunday Christian. 

Jacob Schwinn was born in the Grand Duchy of Hesse 
Darmstadt, Germany^ September 21st, 1816; emigrated to 
America in the year 1837 ; was married near Alexandria, 
Indiana, to Miss Emily Francis, daughter of Hon. Evan 
Ellis, October 27th, 1849. Mr. Nathan E. Tomlinson, 
Esq., of Alexandria, was married at the same time and 
place. 

Mr. Schwina has resided in Madison county thirty-two 
vears. 



THB ISONAGLE BOYS MURDER BY GEORGE 
STOTTLER. 

This tragedy also ocoun^ in Union township, in the same 
locality of the one just related. It was also a double murder, 
and everything considered, it was one of the most dastardly 
acts ever committed in the country. Unprovoked through- 
out, two youths stricken down without the slightest cause, 
and when we oonsider the surroundings we wonder the 
more why Stottier was not made to pay the full penalty ot 
the law. White, a few months previous, Mras hung on sus- 
picion of having killed one man, while Stottier efcaped the 
gallows for actually killing two defenceless boys. Why 
this discrimination the people are at a loss to know. 

The facts are, as near as we have been able to gather^ as 
follows: Stottier had been working in the neighborhood^ 
boarding at die boys' grandmother's, and was seemingly 
on good terms, so much so that he requested the loan . of a 
horse to ride to Anderson on the fatal day. From some 
jcause this request was not granted. 

This doubtless enraged, |iim. He obtained another horse, 
went to Anderson, returned to the house intoxicated, when 
an altercation took place. It seems that the boys made little 
or no resistance. Strottler stabbed both in the region of 
iJbe Heart killing them instantly. William, aged twenty- 



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294 HBSTOKY OF 



one, Isaac sixteen. The latter was also cut on the arm. 
After the deed he went away, but returned again »t nighl^ 
and wandered around in an adjacent woods where he was 
captured on the following day, by sheriff Snell, asskted by 
Wash Maynard and Samnel Glodfelty. He was taken ti> 
Anderson, arranged for trial. A change of venuC; was 
taken to Delaware county. His trial came on; verdici 
rendered, imprisonment for life. He is now serving tliis 
time in the State prison at Michigan city. He i» repre- 
sented as being somewhat stubborn apd unruly, having cut 
off two of his fingers for the purpose of getting rid of 
labor. Previous to this murder it is stated that his habits 
were low, groveling and cruel in the extreme, having a book 
in his posession giving instruction in the art of killing, or 
teaching the exact point to strike in order to make it fataL 
It seems that he had studied this matter to perfection, for 
the knife entered the body of both at the same plaee, caus- 
ing death immediately. What » comment on bumao 
nature, to know that there are persons stiidying bow to kill 
their fellows with skill and dispatch \ But so it is, and so ii 
will be in all time to come. Cain committed a fo«>l aet m 
murdering his brother ; but we find the same spirit ruling- 
in many at the present time. However, we still hope for 
the day to arrive when the conditicm of society will change^ 
when the youth of our country will qast aside everything 
selfish, and properly appreciate a virtuous sensibility. 



FALL CEEEK AGRICULTUBAL SOGIETT. 

This society was organized in the year 1867. Among 
those who were first to move in this enterprise were J. B» 
Silver, J. O. Hardy, Harvey Craven, David Catren, Joel 
Oarrettson, Robert Blakely, John H. Einnard, Thomas 
Wilhoit, M. G. Walker, and others, whose names ] do not 
call to mind. Soon after its organization a piece of land 
containing some twenty acres was purchased, three-fourtbs 
of a mile south of Pendleton^ on the pike leading to ifeden^ 



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MADISON COUNTY. 296 



This was improved and good oommodious sbeds were 
erected^ a time track prepared, and eyerythidg {>ut in good 
order. The grounds are well located and easy of access. 
The society has held its annual toirs ever «ince with gen- 
«ral success and satisfaction. The average amount taken in 
each year being about $1,200, which is sufficient to pay the 
premiums. The society has made, from time to time, great 
improvements in their grounds, and the result is that tfaqf 
have as good a fair ground as any in the county. Although 
the fairs are open to the world the patronage is mainly con« 
fined to the counties of Madison, Hamilton, Hancock and 
Henry. Below we give the names of those who were suc- 
cessful in obtaining premiums at the fair held in September, 
1874. The presidents have been J. R. Silver, J. O. Hardy^ 
Thomas Lenon, Robert Blakely, M. 6. Walker, and 
Thomas Wilhoit. The secretaries have been J. B., Lewis, 
8. F. Tyler, Frank Galloway, and O. W. Browaback, pres- 
ent one for 1874. 

SEVENTH ANNUAL FAIB. 

The e:fhibition given by the Fall Creek Agricultural 
Society last week will compare favorably with former ones, 
both in attendance and the number of entries. The receipts 
were larger than last year, and the amount of premiums 
offered was also in excess of those last year. The company 
will probably get entirely out of debt and have a handsome 
surplus after paying the premiums in full. Next year 
affairs will be in such a condition that the society can add 
largely to their premiums, arid offij extra inducements to 
exhibitors. Hardly sufficient attention was given to the 
stock departments this year, and they suffered in conse- 
quence^ though nearly all the entries made were prime 
specimens. The society is on the right tirack, if it will only 
venture on. 

The following is a partial list of the exhibitors^ together 
with the amounts each received as premiums on entered 
articles: 

t N. Hudson ^ $11 0^ 

Martin Pring....; .;.. «.;«^^«^. ..«;;.;.«..;.•.:......;«..;... .^.«... ... 7 06 



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296 raSTORY OF 



Peter Urich , - ^ $2 60 

George Parsons ^ ^ 2 00 

William Clifford ^ 3 60 

Benjamin Hill 2 00 

James R. Silver. ^ 1 00 

Amanda Silver ...- ^.....•. 2 0^ 

William Cox « « ^. 7 00 

Amos Garretson ^ 4 60 

Thomas M. Hardy ^ 1 00 

David Oatren - 22 00 

Joel Garretson ••... ««.. ^ 28 00 

William Baker 60 

Z. Piper^ 60 

Dr. G. N. Davidson 60 

J. Jenkins.. 7 00 

Chalkly Tyson 2 60 

Robert Blakeley - 4 00 

John Tume...* 60 

L. H. Pickering 8 00 

8.T. a Phelps 10 00 

Thomas Wilhoit - 66 00 

Josephine Stephenson '. 12 00 

Amos Wrights „ 4 00 

William E Tyndall , 41 00 

Ryer Smith 1 00 

Sophia Hicks 14 CO 

Malissa Hicks ^ 4 00 

William T. Stuart- - 7 60 

Kate Clark..... 2 60 

Josie Jackson... -.... 6 60 

Emma Russell 60 

Luoinda Hardin ^ 3 00 

Maggie Huston 1 00 

A. M. Gregory *..... „^ 1 50 

Mary Jane Carter «. .., , 1 60 

Alice Carter « .• 60 

Eva N. Henry '.. 2 60 

Emma Lewark 60 

Josephine Stephenson « «.... •«. • 2 00 

Mittie Bennett , ...^...^ , 6 00 

Unnie Brattain 6 00 

DoraBrattain « I 00 

Lollie Irish 60 

Lizzie Taylor 1 06 

Rebecca Carter 2 00 

Julia A. Bttser.. 1 60 

B, J. Roifers ..•••.. ,...•... «^o..^..«... ........ ^ 



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MADISON COUNTY. 297 



Florence Hardin $2 06 

M. J. Cockayne ^ 6 50 

Maggie J Hardy 7 75 

Mrs. Franklin ^ 1 00 

R M. Lewis « 60 

Caroline Cook 5 00 

D. W. Rockenfield ^ 2 00 

A. B. Taylor. 2 00 

Walter Hardin 1 00 

William Perry » 9 00 

Benjamin Lukens. 20 00 

Wesley White 2 00 

George W. Sears 2 00 

Peter Mingle 5 00 

O. B. Shaul • 5 00 

Thomas Collins 9 00 

James W.Bates 1 00 

I>ora Baker 2 00 

Joel Clark ; 5 00 

William Gray 2 00 

Robert Lukens. 5 00 

George Frampton : 13 00 

Thomas Lennen 1.... 4 00 

John W. Lewark 16 00 

R. Hnnt , 5 00 

James Mayes ..•.•.. •* 5 00 

William Ashley 3 00 

Samael Wisehart 10 00 

The green trot race, for horses that never yrent^ was won 
by W. J. Fox; second money, W. E. Tindall. 

Fast pace^ free for all, best three in five, J. G. Trees; 
second money, W. E. Tindall. 

Three minute trot, Bonner & Fox ; second, K. J. Hunt ; 
third, J. G. Treea. 

Fast trot, free for all, best three in five, K. J. Hunt; 
second, Harry Bronenburg ; third, Bonner & Fox. 

Bunning race, half mile dash, best two in three, Elmer 
Fort; second, Wm. Brown. 



THE MEDICAL SOCIETY AT PENDLETON. 

At a preliminary meeting at Pendleton, October, 1873, 
composed of Drs. Ward, Cook, O. W. Brownback, T. GL 



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298 mSTORY OF 



Mitchell, J. H. Harter, and W. H. Lewis, it was deter- 
mined to take the proper steps to organize a medical society. 
Accordingly, Dr. Cook was chosen temporary president, 
and Dr. W. H. Lewis temporary secretary, and invitations 
were sent to all regular physicians in the county to meet at 
Pendleton on Thursday, November 13, 1873. At that time 
the society was organized with sixteen members as follows : 
From Pendleton, Drs. Ward, Cook, O. W. Brownback, T. 
G. Mitchell, J. H. Harter ; from Markleville, Drs. B. L. 
Fussell, and W. P. Harter ; from Fortville, Drs. Hiram 
Duncan, Simeon Yancey, S. A. Troy, J. M. Jones, and T. 
K. Saunders; Fishersburg, Drs. J. M. Fisher, H. G. 
Fisher, and Daniel Cook; Huntsville, Dr. W. H. Lewis; 
New Columbus, D. H. Myers. Drs. Joseph Stephenson 
and Ira Irish have since become members. The following 
officers were elected : President, Hiram Duncan, of Fort- 
ville; secretary, W. H. Lewis, Huntsville; treasurer, G. 
H. Harter, tendleton ; censors, Ward Cook, Pendleton, O. 
W. Brownback, Pendleton, Simeon Yancey, Fortville. 
The society holds its regular meetings semi-annually on the 
first Tuesday after the second Monday of May and Novem- 
ber. 



THE REPUBLICAN CENTRAL COMMITTEE. 

The following are the names of the Republican Central 
Committee for the county, appointed April, 1874: 

Adams township — Samuel Harden, Isaac Franklin. 

Fall Creek township— Elijah Williams, Joel Garretson. 

Green Township— Nehemiah West, C. E. Goodrich. 

Stoney Creek township— David Conrad, George Danham. 

Union township— Willard Makepeace, M. P. Diltz. 

Richland township— John Mathes. Frank Watkins. 

Lafayette township— J. P. Osbom, W. C. Quick. 

Jackson Township— J. 8. Hougham, G. C. Gill. 

Pipe Creek township— Harrison Quick, John Hannah. 

Monroe township— D. K. Carver, Jacob Schwinn. 

Van Buren township — J. D. Marsh, Aaron M. Williams. 

Boone township— John A. Noble, J. W. Call. 

Duck Creek township— James A. Shafer. Thomas Harmon. 
' Anderson township— Stephen Metcalf, Chairman, J. B. ConweB, 
ifeeietary. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 29& 



THE DEMOCRATIC CENTRAL COMMITTEE. 

Members of the Democratic Central Committee who were 
appointed March the 7th, 1874 : 

Adams Township — ^Bandal Biddle. 

Anderson Township— John Allen. 

Duck Creek Township — Anthony Minnick. 

Boone Township— E. H. Peters. 

Pipe Creek Township— J. C. Montgomery. 

Monroe Township— B. F. Piper. 

Van Buren Township— James Thurston. 

Lafayette Township — G. W. Harris. 

Richland Township— Levi Connor. 

Fall Creek Township— Miles Madron. 

Jackson Township— Silas Busby. 

8toney Creek Township— Harvey Hollenbeck. 

Green Township— James K. Fossett 

Union Township— William John. 

J. W. SANSBURY, Cbainnao. 
£. P. Sghlatxb, Secretary. 



THE HYDRAULIC COMPANY. 

The Anderson hydraulic company was organized on the 
19th of December^ 1868. The following named persons 
were elected directors : Peter Suman, William Crim, H. J. 
Blacklidge, N. C. McCuUough, George Nichol, Samuel 
Hughel and James Hazlett. The board of directors organ- 
ized by electing N. C. McCullough president^ William 
Crim treasurer, and C. D. Thompson secretary. The canal 
constructed by the company is about eight miles in length, 
and extends from a point on White river opposite the town 
of Daleville in Delaware county, to the city of Anderson, 
and has a net &11 oi forty feet. The amount of capital 
stock subscribed at the time of organization was sixty-four 
thousand dollars, and afterwards Anderson city subscribed 
twenty thousand dollars. The water wss let in on the 
fourth of July 1874. The company has been troubled 
«iore or less by the banks washing out or givipg way ; this 



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300 HISTORY OP 



will be remedied by time when the banks will become set- 
tled. 

C. D. THOMPSON, Secretary. 



ANDERSON TEMPERANCE ALLIANCE. 



FLAK OF OBOANIZATIOK~LI8T OF MEMBEBS. 



We reproduce this week, for |,he benefit of all concerned, 
the articles of association of the Anderson Temperance 
Alliance. The names of all persons who have become mem* 
bers of the Alliance are also given. 

ABTICLBS OF ASSOCIATION. 

1. This organization shall be known as ** The Anderson Temper- 
ance Alliance." 

2. The objects of this organization shall be to encourage every 
effort in favor of temperance, and to oppose intemperance in every 
form, and especially to prevent the sale of intoxicating liquors in th« 
city of Anderson. 

3. Any person may become a member of this organization by 
pledging himself or herself to abstain from the use of intoxicating 
liquors as a beverage, and to use all their efforts to further the objects 
of this organization. 

4. The officers of this organization shall consist of a president, 
vice-president, treasurer and secretary, who shall be elected by the 
members of the Alliance, and shall hold their offices for one year, and 
until their successors are elected. 

5. This Alliance shall meet when and where each previous meet- 
ing shall designate. 

6. The officers of this Alliance shall perform the duties generally 
performed by officers of similar organizations. 

MEMBERSHIP. 

Milton S Robinson, Rev W M Grimes, J T Smith, Geo Forrey, 
B F. Jackson, J F Wildman, Mrs J F Wildman, Mrs G C Forrey, Mrs 
8 J Jackson, Mrs D W Swank, Mrs J B Boring, S C Martindale, Mrs 
E M Hazlett, W £ Ethell, Mrs M Charman, D W Bussard, R Constan- 
tine, H J Blacklidge, Mrs Mary E Bain, Cora E Bain, James Bain, B 
C Barter, J H Boddlin, Mrs F Hilligoss, A A Siddall, Mrs M Spann, 
M J knight, J F Morrison, Mrs T J Tomson, Mrs Mary Boddling, 
Anna Binns, W A Hunt, J Q Coy, Nettie Ethell, A J King, William 
Learned, Mrs ^ B Learned, Mrs Phebe Irwin, J Stewart, Hattia 



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MADISON COUNTY. 301 



Elnight, Jas Hazlett, Clara A Coop, Mrs E Walden, Kate Chipman, 
Geo Nichol, A Walker, Rev E J Puckett, Mrs H G Bushong W M Wag- 
oner, H J Brown, A Alford, Mrs A Harriman, W Cadwalder, Mary A 
Ray, Mrs C A Hilligoss, Mrs S HodSbn, Mrs B Falkner, Mrs M Sigler, 
Mrs R Charman, R N Clark, Mrs E J Ethell, N L Wickersham, Mrs 
S J Sparks, Anthony Suitre, R H Thurston, Mrs E J Grey, Mrs E G 
Kernon, J G Smith, Mrs M J Markt, Mrs L Wolf, Mrs E M Stilwell, 
Mrs M E Robertson, Mrs E Myers, A Taylor, Isaac Bosworth, Jas B 
Anderson, Hugh Stump, Mrs Anna Brovm, Mrs Carrie Metcalf, S 
Bennett, MrsC Heath, Elder WS Tingley, Mrs M Heinold, Mrs Ida 
Demott, Mrs M Hughel, Silas Hugel, B F Alford, W G Hayes, D 
Hodson, Mrs M A Alford, John W Poland, G W Hugel, Robt Raper, 
Mrs George Nichol, Mrs M S Robinson, Mrs Mary Rhoads, H N 
Macomber, Huston Begein, W P Brickley, N Stark, Rufus Williams, 
Lena Gilfillan, H M Keltner, Mrs A B Chittenden. L Branham, Mrs 
E Goodykoonts, Mrs E Miller, Mrs S A Siddall, W W Williams, E H 
Cliflford, Mrs Jane W Brown, T A Wickersham, Annie Falkner, Mrs 
Kate Raber, B Rhoades, M D. Webb, Mrs M Bennett, Mrs Jennie 
Ross, Miles M Rozell, Mrs Sallie Ethell, Mrs M Johnson, Stephen 
Metcalf, E Ewing, Fred K Bell, Mrs S Graham, Chas Falkner, Y C 
Fifiher, Mrs J Harter, Lew Ethell, Mrs S Grove, D C East, Wm P 
Baber, Dr L Harriman, Mrs T N Jones, Mrs M J Ilsley, Rev J B 
Mahin, Mrs N Teal, J R Conwell, Jas M Jackson, R P Falkner, E B 
Goodykoonts, J F Brandon, Dr G F Chittenden, Lue Jackson, M 
Doll, M A Chipman, H C Ryan, A W Thomas, N E Cadwalader, J R 
Ilsley, F M Keltner, John Graham, D Kilgore, T M Ware, A R Eglin, 
Frank Ethell, Mrs J Watkins, Mrs Sarah Ware, MY Todisman, H W 
White, E B Hughel, A H Pratt, Mrs A T Alford, H S Brown, Mrs M 
Keltner, Chas Dunham, Mrs L Grimes, W S Robertson, L M Cox, T 
Ryan, L P Keltner, J E Knight, David Pittsford, J C Bennett, Mrs 
Maria Peden. 



THE ANDERSON CORNET BAND. 

This band was first organized in June^ 1854^ with the 
following members : G. W. Kline, leader, A. J. Make- 
peace, J. M. Jackson, H. B. Makepeace, James Van Ort, 
Samuel Van Pelt, William Baker, Isaac May and James 
WillettB. This organization has existed most of the time 
since 1854. It has had its seasons of prosperity and adver- 
sity, like everything else, and there have been times when 
its existence was debatable. Of the above, but two belong 
to the present organization, G. W. Kline and A. I. Make- 



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802 HISTORY OF 



peace. Two have died, William Baker and Isaac May. 
The ioUowiDg are the present members of the band : D. K. 
Elliott, leader, A. I. Makepeace, G. W. Kline, L. Vernon, 
B. W. Castator, L. J. Swank, B. Rhoads, Ed. Lake, Frank 
Makepeace, Eddie Julius, Thomas Fisher and I. C. Sharp. 
The value of instruments is $700. This band has a wide 
reputation and is one of the best bands in the State and 
there is no reason why it should not continue as it has a 
wide-awake set of boys and good instruments. 



PERKINSVILLE BAND. 
This band was organized in August, 1872, with the fol- 
lowing members : William Wise, leader, George Rich wine, 
Mat Lee, James Lemon, William Zeller, Z. M. Beckwith^ 
Francis Shively, Elliott Lee, William Kurtz, and Williaia 
Etchison. The cost of their instruments was $620. This 
band 's composed mostly of young men and reflects credit 
on the town and the men which compose it. We hope their 
notes will sound many days hence. 



PHYSICIANS OF ANDERSON, PAST AND 
PRESENT. 

Below we give a list of the physicians of Anderson for 
the year 1874. They will be preceded, however, by those 
who have formerly practiced here, but have either died, 
moved away, or abandoned the profession. In this list we 
do not pretend to give all, but glance at a few names as we 
recall them to mind. These are, Henry Wyman, Dr. Car- 
mean, E. R. Roe, J. W. Westerfield, Andrew Robb, T. 
Ryan, John Hunt, Dr. Crampton, W. A. Hunt, John H. 
Cook, William and Benjamin Parris, Dr. McMahan, 
Joseph Pugh, and Dr. Brandon. The following are now 
practicing medicine in the city : T. N. Jones, N. L. Wick- 
ersham, George F. Chittenden, L. Harriman, B. F. Spann, 



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MADISON COUNTY. 303 



S. C. Burr, John C. Cullen, W. P. Brickley, Jonas Stewart^ 
Horace Jones^ Z. Hockett^ and Dr. Adamson. Of the last 
named physicians^ T. N. Jones is the senior doctor. 



MADISON COUNTY POOR HOUSE. 

SoHEWHEBE in the Bible we find the following : 

** The poor ye have always with you.'* Perhaps a truer 
sentence is nowhere to be found ; and since this is true^ 
what a credit to the county that we have had for years an 
asylum for the poor and indigent. 

Just when a move of this kind was made^ I am unable to 
say. Possibly as far back as 1850, when a small piece of 
land a half a mile south of Anderson was bought, and a 
comfortable house fitted up for this unfortunate class of our 
citizens. This was used for such till the year 1866, when a 
large farm was bought in Richland township. The poor 
were then transferred to this new purchase, where they have 
remainded up to this writing. The poor farm is now in 
charge of John Nelson, who lives on the farm and receives 
a specified sum for their maintainance. 

The poor have been kept from time to time by William 
Roach, O. P. Stone, David Festler and William Nelson ; 
and I think to the general satisfaction of the people at 
large. It is a serious charge to the county, but is the best 
that can be done until some better plan can be devised. 
The exact number on the farm I am unable to say. It has 
been as high as sixty, and from that number all the way 
down. It seems witl^ a good &rm that is paid for, it might 
be self-sustaining, or nearly so. However, the poor must 
be cared for^ whether it is self-sustaining or not. 



A SHORT SKETCH OF THE BANKS AT 
ANDERSON. 

The first bank started in Anderson was by N. C. McCul- 
lough^ in the year 1855. It was called the Citizens Bank, 



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304 HISTORY OF 



and continued for two years when it fell into the hands of 
T. N. Stilwell in 1867. It continued under the same name 
for several years when it was converted into a national 
bank with fifty thousand dollars capital^ T. N. Stilwell, 
president; A. B. Kline^ c^hier. This continued till 
November, 1873, when its doors were closed and Thomas 
McCuUough was appointed receiver. At this writing its 
liability is not known. A few months later this bank was 
reorganized as a citizens bank with Neal C. McCuUough, 
president, and in the same room formerly occupied by the 
national bank in the Stilwell building. The Exchange 
Bank was organized May the 1st, 1866. William Crim, 
president ; Joseph Fulton, cashier, with a capital of $35,000. 
It does a general banking business. This bank is on the 
north side of the square. The Madison County Bank was 
organized in April, 1874, under the laws of the State of 
Indiana, with a paid up capital of $100,000. It does a gen- 
eral banking business. The officers are: John E. Corwin, 
president; N. R. Elliott, vice president; John H. Terhune, 
cashier, and John W. Pence assistant cashier. The direct- 
ore are as follows : C. Quick, Frankton ; Thomas L. Beck- 
with, Perkinsville ; Edgar Henderson, Anderson; George 
Hazzard, New Castle; N. R. Elliott, Mechanicsburg ; J. 
P. Barns, Anderson; Lafe J. Burr, Anderson; Joha W. 
Pence, Anderson ; John E. Cprwin, Anderson. 



THE COUNTY OFFICERS, PAST AND PRESENT. 

The following are lists of the county officers from its 
organization down to the present time. They may not be 
entirely exact, or in rotation, as they should be, but are 
thought to be nearly correct. The last named in each case 
is the present officer, that is for 1874. 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

Thomas Bell, Thomas McCallister, Evan Ellis, R. N. 
Williams and T. Ryan, W. G. Atherton, Elijah Long, 



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MADISON COUNTY. 306 

John Davis, Andrew Jackson, Thomas G. Clark, T. 
N. Stilwell, W. A. Tl^ompson, Frederick Black, John Hunt, 
John Hays, Richard Lake, David E. Croan, J. F. Mock. 
James Sansbury, T. N, Jones, J. O. Hardesty, George W. 
Harris. 

CLERKS. 

Moses Cox, Ansel Richmond, Andrew Jackson, James 
Hazlett, James Starkey, Peter H. Lemon, Joseph Peden, W. 
C. Fleming, T. J, Fleming, Robert Hannah. 

SURVEYORS. 

Nineveh Berry, Mr. Kinnick, James W. Thomas, Cyre- 
nius Free, W. R. Myers, Martin Ryan, Carlton Reed. 

AUDITORS. 

Ansel Richmond, William Curtis, R. N. Williams, 
Andrew Jackson, Joseph Howard, J. W. Westerfield, W. 
H. Mershon, Joseph Sigler, J. M. Dickson, George Nichol, 
J. L. Falkner, 

TREASURERS. 

Joseph Howard, B. Noland, James Kindal, Armstrong 
Taylor, Nirievah Berry, John Hunt, W. W. Nolan<i, Joseph 
Pugh, James W. Thomas, Weems Heagy. 

SHERIFFS. 

Samuel Cory, William Young, Benham Wilson, Andrew 
Jackson, J. C. Berry, J. H. Davis, William Roach, Bur- 
kett Eads, David H. Watson, Benjamin Sebrell, James H, 
Snell, David K. Carver, A. J. Ross, J. W. McCallister. 

RECORDERS. 

Joseph Howard, R. N. Williams, J. W. Westerfield^ 
Burkett Eads, 8. R Matfcox, Ninevah Berry, James Mohan, 
Jacob Hubbard. 

CORONERS. 

William Allen, John Allen, William Pugh, V. C. 
George, H. B. Miner, J. J. Longnecker, Edmund W. 
Shaul, James A, Shawhan, Washington Maynard, David R 
Simms. 

20 



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306 SISTDKY OP 



COUNTY COMMISSIONERS, PAST AND 
PRESENT- 

WlLLlAM CtJRTis, John Busby, Amasa Makepeace, 
Jacob Hiday, Thomas M. Pendleton, William Nelson, Wil- 
liam S. Penn, Daniel Wise, Daniel Hardesty, Richard Kin- 
namon, Moses Surber, Thomas McCartney, Henry Sibert, 
John Berry, Jacob Shaul, Daniel Harpold, Saul Shaul, Wil- 
liam Curtis, John Renshaw, Micajah Jackson, Isaac J. 
Sharp, Henry Plummer, Archibald Cooney, William Wil- 
son, James L. Bell, William Sparks, Brazelton Noland, 
Bassil Thomas, William Shaul, Samuel Myers, William 
Busby, F. Bronenberg, sen., Hezekiah Kid well, John McCal- 
lister, F. L. Beckwith, John M. Zedeker, Benjamin Shafer, 
Isaac U. Cox, George R. Boram, Eli Hodson, Thomas 
Brunt, William Crim, W. A. Thompson, Peter Fesler, John 
Coburn, Isaac W. Jones, John McCallister, jr., James Haz- 
let, Elmer Wright, Joseph Funk, George W. Hoel, Henry 
Plummer. The last three are now commissioners. 



THE BAR AT ANDERSON, PAST AND PRESENT. 

Below we give the names of the attorneys composing the 
bar at Anderson. They will be preceded by the names of 
former members as far as can be called to mind, who have 
previously practiced here, but have either died, moved away, 
or abandoned the profession. Of this number, we find the 
following: C. D. Henderson, John Davis, R. N. Williams, 
William R. O'Neal, J. M. Wallace, 8. H. Bratton, Seth 
Smith, J. P. Siddal, N. R. Linsey, Peter H. Lemon, A. V. 
Long. The present members are as follows: Richard 
Lake, J. W. Sansberry, M. S. Robinson, S. C. Martindale, W. 
R. Pierse, H. D. Thompson, A. D. Williams, J. A. Harrison^ 
E. B. Goody koontz, J. T. Smith, O. P. Stone, C. D. Thomp- 
son, J. H. McConnell, W. R. Myers, D. C. Chipman, J. E. 
Corwin, T. H. Pausett, B. H. Dyson, C. L. Henry, A. W. 
Thomas, W. L. Roach, Charles Nation, F. S. Ellison, J. W. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 307 



Lovett, J. W. Hardman, L. C. Burk, M. A. Chipman, David 
Killgore, H. C. Ryan, William R. West, and W. A. Kit- 
tiDger. Of the latter number, the following have for many 
years been connected with the bar at Anderson : Richard 
Lake, J. W. Sansberry, M. S. Robinson^ William R. Pierse, 
and John A. Harrison. 



TABLE OF DISTANCES. 

Below we give a table of distances from one point to 
another in the county. It is copied from the county map 
and is thought to be correct. It will be found useful in the 
future ior reference. To find the distance from one place 
to another, for instance, take the distance, from Anderson to 
Elwood, follow the columns of each to where they intersect, 
and you will find the distance fifteen miles. This rule fol- 
lowed will give the distance in each case. The greatest 
distance between any two towns is twenty-eight and a half 
miles ; the shortest distance is one mile, that being from 
Pendleton to Huntsville. 

The table referred to above will be found on the page fol- 
lowing. 



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308 














fflSTORY OF 














Anderson^ 


8 




Pendleton, 


5 


1.3 




Chesterfield. 


7 


5 


9J 




New Columbnst 


10 


17 


15 


17 




Frankton.. 


15 


23 


15J 


22 


5 




Elwoodl 


11 


19 


UJ 


18 


7 


10 




Alexandria. 


llj 


13 


16i 


18J 


8J 


m 


15} 




Perkineville^ 


5i 


9J 


m 


12i 


6i 


12 


13} 


4J 




Hamilton. 


10 


8 


15 


13 


13i 


15} 


20 


5 


6J 




Fieheraburg'.. * 


13 


5 


18 


10... 


19} 


24 


24 


Hi 


13} 


9} 




Alfont. 


m 


7 


10 


^ 


27i 


26 


22} 


22} 


16} 


12} 


12 


« 


Markleyille-^ 


15 


24 


19 


22 


7 


13} 


5 


154 


13} 


20} 


26} 


26} 




Osceolaw 


17 


17 


20 


24 


12} 


14 


^ 


24} 


19 


26 


20 


28} 


6} 




SummitTiire.. 


7 


1 


12 


4 


17 


23 


18 


14 


9 


9 


6 


6} 


22 


24 




Hunt8¥iUe 



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MADISON COUNTY. 309 



THE FALLS OF FALL CREEK. 

Perhaps no other point in the county cluster around so 
many interesting incidents as at this point. It was here the 
first pioneers pitched their tents. It was here the first child 
was born, the first couple married. It was here that Bridge 
a-nd Sawyer was tried and executed in 1824 and 1825, a 
full account of which will be given in another part of this 
book. Here the first grist mill was erected, from which 
has grown one of the best mills in the State. Here the 
first stone quarry was developed, now known far and wide. 
Here the first sermon was preached, and perhaps the first 
person buried. And it was here the first court was held ; 
in fact, we may well claim for it as being the mother of 
-events in the early history of the county. The falls from 
which the creek derives its name has a natural decent of 
nine feet over solid rock. This was increased three feet in 
1864, by Borngardner, Walker, and Zeublin, to give them 
better water power for their mills, situated just below. 
This was also of solid rock. Consequently the falls are now 
eleven feet; and when the creek is full it is a beautiful 
sight to see the foaming current as it dashes over. 

Below the falls the creek is spanned by a beautiful iron 
bridge, from which an excellent view of the falls and mill is 
had. 

After crossing the bridge from Pendleton, the right hand 
road leads to Anderson, the lefl hand road to Fishersburg. 



PORK PACKING AT ANDERSON. 

The slaughter house was built by Ellis •& Son, throe- 
fourths of a mile southeast of the crossing of the Bellefon- 
taine and the CSncinnati and Chicago railways, near the line 
of the former. The cost of the building including fixtures, 
was ten thousand dollars. This firm kill annually twelve 
thousand head of hogs and pay out for the same, including 
killing, cooperage, etc., three hundred thousand dollars. 



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310 HISTORY OF 

They employ sixty hands^ in buying and packing, for thirty 
days. The company has* also in connection a brick house 
near the crossing, used for the purpose of storing meat, lard, 
salt, etc. The cost of the latter building was two thousand 
dollars. The introduction of this branch of business is of 
no small importance to our county, making us a market at 
home, as they pay as much or more, everything considered, 
as can be obtained in Cincinnati, besides giving employ- 
ment to numerous hands, coopers, etc. The first few years 
the entire supervision of the above establishment was given 
in charge et Mr. Levi Hunter. Messrs. Ellis & Son live in 
Boston, Mass., and are represented as men of considerable 
capital, and both they and their agents have given general 
satisfaction in their dealings with the people. The slaughter 
house is so situated as to give little offence to the city, and 
its existence may be regarded as an advantage. This, as 
well as other establishments in our county, should be 
encouraged, making as they do a home market, and build- 
ing up our own county. Strip us of them and we would 
be poor indeed. 



TEMPERANCE. 



There is no subject that should more interest us than 
that of temperance,' since seven-tenths of crime and misery 
come directly or indirectly from the use of spirits. It has 
always engrossed the attention of thoughtful men and 
women; but, more especially of late, women. They are 
arousing to a sense of their duty. Men have trifled with 
it already too long ; handled it with gloves, until legislation 
on the subject is regarded as a farce. It is to be hoped 
that this day is passed and the monster evil will be handled 
as it justly deserves. In times past in our county as well as 
in other parts of the State, societies have been organized to 
combat its influence. They in turn have served their day 
and have given place to more efficient remedies. We will 
first notice the Washingtonian society, which was introduced 



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MADISON gOUNTY. 311 



some forty years since. It doubtess did a good work it its 
day, the times however^ demanded a more thorough and 
stringent organization. 

The sons of temperance was substituted in its place, and 
behold what a wonderful work that order established. 
Thousands of our fellow citizens joined its ranks and were 
rescued from a drunkard's grave. Perhaps in our own 
county fifty lodges were in operation. So earnest was the 
work, that sufficient strength was obtained in our Legisla- 
lature halls to actually pass a healthy temperance law ; but 
our officials were too weak to carry out its provisions. Thus 
foiled to some extent the temperance advocates again arose 
in their strength and the Good Templars society was 
brought into existence. 

Lodges were instituted in every town and village in the 
county, and many in the country. Everything indicated 
that tlie devil and his emissary were about to be captured 
when a similar failure was witnessed as the one described 
above. Thus, a series of building up and tearing down has 
been going on in our county for the past forty or filty years 
without seeming at first sight, to have accomplished much 
good. But underneath the turbulent current, there has been 
a silent wave at work, and gathering strength, ready at the 
proper time to carry the ship of temperance safe into a sober 
harbor. That day, in God's own time, came at last. The 
current bearing the noble vessel, not with cowardly man 
at the helm, but injured woman, whose husband had been 
lost overboard. She was aroused by just indignation, and 
summoned a gallant crew to her aid; success was written 
on the topmost mast. The tidal wave has reached our 
shores, and while women lead the van, or crusade, they are 
joined by thousands of men, who say, on with the work, 
your work shall be my work, your ship shall be my ship, 
sink or swim, survive or perish, we will make this one great 
efibrt. The effi)rt has been made, public sentiment has 
undergone a revolution. Let us come a little nearer home 
to our own county, dear to us all, whose history, though the 
record of frecjueut failures, we are proud of. Especially do 



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/ 



312 HISTORY OF 



we look with pride on the history of the past few months, 
even since the present year began. Tlie noble band of 
women in our county whose names will live in connection 
with the crusade instituted a labor in this direction. 

Their labors continued day and night, nor ceased praying 
and singing till their work was accomplished. The result 
is that there is not a licensed saloon in the county to-day. 
What a glorious work ! What will not tears and prayers 
and songs accomplish, especially when in such a cause?. 
I^et the temperance folks take courage. God is on our side 
— and women too. Who can be against us ? There is a 
silent current at work, not only in the temperance cause, 
but, thank God, in every good work. Though hidden from 
us it will break out to gladden the heart of man, who, at 
times, is ready to exclaim, we are doing no good. Let us 
be encouraged to rally lor the right and " work, for the 
night is coming when man^s work is done.^ 



PENDLETON EEGISTER. 

The Pendleton Register was started at Pendleton in 
May, 1871, by T. B. Deem, of Knightstown. The enter- 
prise has succeeded beyond the expectation of all. It now 
has a circulation of eight hundred, and is gaining in circu- 
lation. It is understood that the outside is printed at Chi- 
cago, Illinois, which contains general news. The remainder 
is published at Pendleton, and is mostly local news, mar- 
kets, etc. Its general " make up" denotes ability and skill. 
It is published promptly on Thursday of each week, at one 
dollar per annum. It was originally a thirty-two column 
paper, but early in 1874 it was increased to thirty-six col- 
umns. Pendleton, and in fact the whole of the county, 
should be proud of this enterprise. We hope the Register 
has come to stay, and that it may continue to grow in inter- 
eet and usefulness until its influence may be felt for good 
throughout the county. It is Republican. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 313 



LILLY CREEK BAPTIST CHURCH. 

This Church is located in Monroe township, four miles 
northwest of Alexandria. It was built in 1871, and cost 
$1,100. The trustees are B. Carver, R. Hasty and L. 
Carver. This Society was first organized in 1858. The 
number of members when first organized was thirty one. 
The first pastor was James E. Ellison. The present mem- 
bers number twenty-eight. The present pastor is J. E. 
Ellison, and the church clerk B. Carver. J. W. Forrest 
has labored for this Society occasionally since its organiza- 
tion. The Sabbath school is very well atteneded ; is doing 
a good work ; the average attendance is thirty. Among 
those instrumental in organizing was B. Carver, who has 
been its superintendent for a terra of years. 



BAPTIST CHURCH, NEW COLUMBUS. 

The society which meets here was organized in 1830. It 
first met at the houses of Ira Davis and Caleb Biddle, alter- 
nately, until the year 1834 when it built the church one- 
half mile west of Columbus. The first preachers were 
Morgan McQuary, Nathaniel Richmond, William Judd, 
and W. A. Thompson. The present preacher is Benjamin 
Zion. The old house is still standing. This was at one 
time a popular point for this denomination. Here Wilson 
Thompson was wont to display his power and here his pop- 
ularity was unbounded. The society has of late retrograded 
and meetings are only occasionally held. It is known a& 
the " Pewee Church ^^ and near it is the old graveyard where 
many of the pioneers are buried. It is hardly necessary to 
add that this society is of the Anti-Means faith as any one 
at all acquainted with the above named persons would 
readily infer. 



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314 HISTORY OF 



UNION BAPTIST CHURCH IN ADAMS . 
TOWNSHIP. 

This society was organized in 1834. First met in pri- 
vate houses with but few members, and these very much 
scattered. In 1837 steps were taken to build a meeting 
house, and in the fall of that year it was completed. Its 
size was twenty- four by thirty-six feet; cost, about $500. 
Was built on the land of J. F. Collier. At the dedication 
of the above house a revival sprang up, when the member- 
ship was increased to sixty. Previous to this there were 
only eighteen members, among whom we find J. F. Collier, 
Mary Collier, James Noland and wife, William and Mary 
Judd, William Trueblood, John and James Judd, Mrs. 
Stephenson. 

After the church was well organized they went to work 
under favorable circumstances. Continued to increase in 
membership until the house proved too small for their 
accommodation. 

In the spring of 1872 preparations were made to build 
a larger house. J. F. Collier again, as before, gave the 
ground upon which the church was to be built. This site 
is one half mile north of the old meeting house, and one 
mile and a half southeast of Markleville. This house was 
completed in October, 1872, and on the third day of the 
same month was dedicated by the Rev. Joseph M. Brown, 
of Indianapolis. This house is of frame, thirty-eight by 
fifty feet, sixteen feet ceiling, seated in good style, with 
arch windows. The entire cost of which was $2,800. 

The present trustees are Michael Mann, John Collier, 
William Judd, Joel McCarty, and William Noland. Dur- 
ing all this time the Rev. J. F. Collier has administered and 
had the oversight of this society, a period of forty years. 
He has been assisted by James E. Ellison, O. P. Han kins, 
T. S. Lyons. Present membership, one hundred and ten. 
Clerk, Joseph Gkirette. The carpenter work on this house 
was done by J, R, Lakey, Benjamen Mogal. 



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MADISON COUNTY 315 



MT. PISGAH BAPTIST CHURCH. 

This society meets at school house No. 4, four miles 
northeast of Alexandria^ in Monroe township. It was 
organized in 1856, by the Rev. John W. Forest. Among 
the first members were Joel James and wife, James Powell, 
J. H. Jones and P. S. Baker and wife. This society is 
weak, but continues to hold regular meetings once a 
month. The present minister is J. W. Forest, who has 
labored with this society ever since its organization. 



THE BAPTIST CHURCH, ANDERSON. 

I AM indebted to Charles M. Hervey for the following 
statement of the above church. On the 29th day of April, 
1860, F. D, Bland, Superintendent of Missions, and cer- 
tain brethren of Muncie, Indiana, and the Rev. J. C. Skin- 
ner, met at Chesterfield. Brother Bland baptized five per- 
sons, and thirteen brothers and sisters united in covenant 
relation as the First ^aptist Church at Chesterfield. On 
July 16tb; 1836, a number of brothers and sisters at Pen- 
dleton, Indiana, united in covenant relation as a regular 
Baptist church. Brother Nathaniel Richmond acted as 
moderator. On October 23d, 1871, certain brothers and 
sisters united and formed the First Baptist Church at 
Anderson. On January 2d, 1872, the church at Chester- 
field, being in a very low condition, consolidated with the 
Baptist church at Anderson. On the 23d day of January, 
1872, the church at Pendleton, being composed of only a 
few members, consolidated with the Anderson Baptist 
Church. On June 15th, 1872, the church was publicly 
recognized as the First Baptist Church. Anderson, Indiana, 
Rev. J. B. Shaff being clerk of the council, and Rev. Sam- 
uel Hervey moderator. October 19th, 1872, the building 
cpmmittee of the Baptist church met and purchased of the 
trustees of the Presbyterian church their house of worship 
for two thousand dollars. The society numbers thirty 



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316 HISTORY OF 



members. J. B. Anderson is senior deacon^ and Charles M. 
Hervey clerk. 



THE BETHEL BAPTIST CHORCH, ADAMS 
TOWNSHIP. 

This church is located three miles north of Markleville. 
The society was first organized about the year 1836. They 
occupied a log school house up to the year 1853, when a 
frame house was built, twenty-six by thirty-six, and which 
cost them $1,000. The first trustees were Silvey Clark, 
Jackson Judd and James Ellison. The first minister was 
James F. Collier. Among the first members we find Jack- 
son Judd, Elizabeth Judd, Silvey Clark and wife, William 
Judd and wife, Martin Brown and wife and Polly Adams. 
At one time this church was very prosperous and had over 
one hundred members. It continued prosperous up to the 
year 1862, when trouble and division arose and its useful- 
ness was destroyed. They do not, as a society, meet at the 
present time. Aftef the discontinuance of the Baptist soci- 
ety a sect calling themselves the Church of God sprang up 
and hold occasional meetings in the house, which is open 
also to other denominations. The principal minister of the 
latter society was the Rev. Blinkenstafi; The Baptist 
society referred to above was of the Anti-Means faith. 
The ministers who served this society from time to time 
were J. F. Collier, W. A. Thompson, John Sparks, Thomas 
Lyons and James E. Ellison. We may venture to say the 
division in this church, which led to its downfall, was upon 
the subjects of means and anti-means and war and anti-war. 
There is little hope of Bethel flourishing again ; it has 
served its purpose and may be reckoned among the things 
of the past. 



BAPTIST CHURCH, BOONE TOWNSHIP. 

The society that meets in the above church is the Mis- 
sionary Baptist. It was organized in the year 1S50. The 



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MADISON COUNTY. 317 



following are among the first members that composed this 
society : John W. Forrest and wife, James Snelson and 
wife, and Amanda Eoss. The first ministers were James 
Smith and Elder Waters. This society met in private and 
school houses until the year 1858, when they built the pres- 
ent frame church, which is thirty by forty feet, and cost 
$1,400. The above church is located in section twenty-one, 
near the centre of Boone township, four miles southeast of 
Independence. This church has a membership of twenty- 
five. The following are the trustees : John W. Forest and 
John Coffman. There is a feabbath school in connection 
with the above church, with John Forest as superintendent. 
Perhaps to Mr. F. rest more than any one else belongs the 
credit of building up this society. He has been a constant 
member and an occasional minister. He has given of his 
time and means to the erection of the above church. 



BAPTIST CHURCH AT PENDLETON. 

This church has a peculiar history from first to last At 
times it had bright prospects before it ; at other times, dark 
clouds overshadowed it. It at last tottered and fell. Its 
history, in short, is about as follows : About the year 1830, 
a few of this faith met in private houses in Pendleton and 
vicinity ; among whose names we find, Nathaniel Richmond 
and wife, J. L. Richmond and wife, Elizabeth Irish, Mar- 
tin Brown and wife, Susannah Richmond. They continued 
to meet at private houses, until 1834, when steps were 
taken to build a church and organize. This house was 32 
by 40 feet. The first preacher was Nathaniel Richmond. 
This house stood until 1854, when it was torn down and the 
present house built, which is 35 by 45 feet, costing about 
$1,400, and was at that time considered an ornament to 
Pendleton. The trustees were, Joseph Eastman, P. R. 
Maul, John McCallister, sr. The following ministers have 
labored with this society : Nathaniel Richmond, Abijah 
Whitman, Rev. Mr. Wedge, M. D. Gage and F. C. Buchanan. 



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318 HISTORY OF 



During the administration of Mr. Wedge, and when Mr. 
Maul was clerk, a difficulty arose in the churh which finally 
led to its overthrow, literally spliting it in twain by a 
Maul and Wedge. For several years previous to the sell- 
ing of their house to the Friends, which occurred in 1872, 
they had met but seldom. The last acting trustees, were 
James E. French, Philip Dickey, and William Allen. 
Some of the society have their membership at Anderson. 
On the discontinuance of the society's meetings, the house 
was sold to the Friends, who now occupy it. On their buying 
it, the spire was taken down, the house repainted, and other- 
wise improved. It now presents a neat appearance. 



THE CHURCH OF CHRIST IN ANDERSON. 



BT JOSEPH FRANKLIN. 



' This congregation was formed in an old school house 
east of the railroad junction about the year 1858. The 
meetings were held in this school house generally known as 
the " Ci.estnut Grove school house,'* until the summer of 
1861, when the chapel on the corner of Main and Lane 
streets was completed. Most prominent among its first 
membership were Joseph Sigler, Burkett Eads John Kin- 
dle, John R. Stevenson and William Mustard, with their 
wives. At the opening of the chapel a protracted meeting 
was held which resulted in the addition of about thirty 
members. There was no resident minister until 1862, 
when Joseph Franklin moved from Covington, Kentucky, 
to Anderson. Before that time the preaching was monthly 
or irregular, and mostly by elders Jameson, and New, of 
Indianapolis. 

Excepting fourteen months of time, including the year 
1870, Mr. F. has been the regular preacher until the past 
year. By his continued connection with the schools of 
Anderson, Mr. F. succeeded in gathering many young 
people into the church. At one time one hundred out of 
two hundred members were single persons. 



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MADISON COUNTY. . 3I9 



Mr. T/s father, Benjamin Franklin, (brother of David 
Franklin, elsewhere alluded to in this book), moved to 
Anderson, and has since been a resident of the city. The 
present membership is about one hundred and fifty. The 
preacher this year, 1874, is Walter S. Tingley. 



CHRISTIAN CHAPEL, VAN BUREN TOWNSHIP. 

This house is situated three fourths of a mile^southwest 
of Summitville. It was built in 1873, and cost $1,500. 
This church is a frame building, thirty-two by forty-four 
feet. The trustees are Byron Vinson, James Hudson, and 
Henry Vinson. The society has a membership of eighty. 
This new and beautiful church is an honor to the society 
that built it. Among the first members composing this 
society were James Hudson*, Thomas and Ellen Hudson, 
and Byron Vinson and wife. The present preacher is J. 
H. Vinson. They have a Sabbath school, organized in 
1873, with an average attendance of thirty, and with Byron 
Vinson, superintendent, and Thomas Ingliss, secretary. 
Previous to the building of the above church, the society 
met at the Allen school house, a short distance east. This 
is one of the strongest societies in the county, and in its 
present flourishing condition, new church, and Sabbath 
school, certainly will exert a good influence in the commun- 
ity. 



NEW HOPE, OR CHRISTIAN CHURCH. 

This church is situated in the southern part of Richland 
township, and near the Union township line, five miles 
northeast of Anderson, and two and one-half miles north 
of Chesterfield. The society first met at the school house 
in the neighborhood, and was organized about the year 
1856. The following are among the first members com- 
posing this society: Hiram Chambers, his wife, Nancy 



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320 HISTORY OF 



Scott, Susan Chambers, George Liston and wife, <5. W. 
Chambers ana wife, and Smith Chambers. In 1866 the 
society built a frame church, in size thirty-four by forty 
feet. It will seat about four hundred persons. Its cost 
was one thousand two hundred dollars. The trustees are 
G. W. Chambers, Smith Chambers, Stephen Broadbent, 
and William Chambers. The first elder was Ebenezer 
Thompson ; the present one is Thomas Mason. They have 
a membership of seventy ; have regular meetings, and its 
influence for good is being felt, which we hope will con- 
tinue for time to come. They have a Sabbath school opened 
there, which if properly conducted will be a power in the 
neighborhood. These Sabbath schools are bright lights 
dotting our county. Debased indeed would be the one who 
wpuld drive them out. They are helps to the church ; a 
nursery, so to speak, which no church can well afford to do 
without They should go hand in hand ; they both have 
work special and alone, and yet are closely allied together. 



LILY CREEK CHRISTIAN CHURCH. 

This church is situated one mile north of Osceola, five 
mile^ northwest of Alexandria, and on the line dividing 
Boone and Monroe townships. The society that meets in 
the above house was first organized in the year 1840. 
They first met in a log house. Among the first members 
were William Cole, Daniel Black, James James, Philander 
Thomas, Jacob and Peter Cassell, Thomas and Sallie Brunt, 
L. D. Carver and wife, Eliza Cole, Euncie Black, Hester 
Thomas, Joshua Stroud and wife, James Ellis, Josiah Athen, 
Elizabeth Perry, John McMahon and wife, William and 
Catharine Nipes, and Caroline Ellis. They continued to use 
the above house until the year 1849, when a larger and 
more comfortable house was erected, with the following act- 
ing as trustees: Daniel Black, Jacob Castle and James 
James. This house they continued to occupy up to the 
year 1873, when the present house was. built. It is a frame 



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MADISON COUNTY. SKI 



thirty by forty, well seated and finished^ costing $1^800. 
The following are the trustees: L. D. Carver, W. H, 
Black, Isaac Stroud. This society is now in a flourishing 
condition ; has a membership of seventy, and prosperous 
Sabbath school in connection therewith. Among the first 
preachers were David Holt and Daniel and David Franklin. 
Perhaps I would not do injustice td others to say that L. D. 
Oarver has done much toward the erection of this beautiful 
house. To him I am indebted for the above information. 
The above house was dedicated October 1873, by J. O. 
Outts, of Indianapolis. 



FORREST CHAPEL CHRISTIAN CHURCH. 

This church is located in the southeast comer of Stoney 
Creek township, four miles north of Pendleton, and six 
miles southwest of Anderson. This is a frame church 
erected in the year 1861 and dedicated in the fall of that 
year. The size of the building is twenty-eight by forty 
feet. It cost $1,200. The first trustees were William 
Comes, John Blazier, B. F. Gregory, John Hawkins, and 
William Cecil. This society meets regularly once a month. 
Its present pastor is B. F. Gregory, who has done much to 
organize and keep up this society ; contributed more, per- 
haps, than any other one man toward the erection of the 
above house. This society has a membership of fifljy, and 
their influence for good is felt in the community. For a few 
years previous to the building of the above house the society 
met in ShauPs school house. 



CHRISTIAN CHURCH, OR WHITE CHAPEL, IN 
ADAMS TOWNSHIP. 

This church is situated two miles northeast of Markle- 

ville, and near the line dividing this and Henry county. 

This society first met at private houses previous to the 
21 



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322 HISTORY OF 



building of the First churchy which was built in 1853. 
This was a framed buildings thirty-five hj forty-five feet, 
and cost one thousand one hundred dollars. It was con- 
sumed by fire in January, 1856. It was, however, soon 
replaced by a larger and better building, which cost one 
thousand six hundred dollars. Among the first members 
we may mention those of William McCallister, Andrew 
Bray, Eli Hodson, Jesse Van Wintle, G. W. Hoel, Joseph 
I. Seward. This society has had the following elders to 
serve them : John Brown, L. H. Jamison, Daniel Frank- 
lin, David Franklin, K. Shaw. The local preachers have 
been Eli Hodson, J. I. Seward and John Huston. The 
trustees are C. G. Mauzy, G. W. Hoel and J. I. Seward. 
This society here is large, and have their meetings regu- 
larly ; had at one time a membership of one hundred, but 
is now reduced somewhat. The house has a very neat 
appearance inside, being comfortably seated, and will accom- 
modate about four hundred persons. Connected with it is 
a Sunday school. Prominent in this work is C. G. Mauzy, 
A. J. Cunningham and John Huston. Among the names 
above in the list of membership death has removed Andrew 
Bray, Jesse Van Winkle and William McCallister. The 
present minister is the Rev. Mr. Blackman ; bishops, Revs. 
David Franklin and John Huston ; deacons, Hiram Cooper 
and John Van Winkle ; clerk, Dewitt C. Markle. 



CATHOLIC CHURCH, ANDERSON. 

This church was finished in the fall of 1856. It is a 
brick building, thirty-five by forty-five feet, and cost one 
thousand five hundred dollars. It has a membership of 
seventy-five. They have mass and other religious ceremo- 
nies every Sabbath day. The ministers, or priests, who 
have been in charge over this society since its organization,^ 
have beeii Fathers Walker, Fitzmorris, Fitzgibbon, McMa- 
an, and Crowley, the last, the present minister. This soci- 
ety has purchased a lot immediately south of the present 



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MADISON COUNTY. 323 



church, on Williams street, where they intend to erect a 
splendid edifice, which will be an ornament to the city of 
Anderson. 



FRIENDS^ MEETING HOUSE. 

In the summer of 1834 several Friends, whe had come 
from Eastern Pennsylvania, and settled in Fall Creek town- 
ship, convened and held their fii'st meeting at the residence 
of Jonathan and Ann Thomas. The society continued to 
meet here until 1836, when they built a log house well 
adapted to their limited means and numbers. The meeting 
house yard and graveyard include three acres of ground, 
given and deeded to this meeting by Jonathan Thomas. 
The society is composed of birthright members, ^nd uses no 
organized influence to add to its numbers, though its doors 
are always open to receive others into membership. The 
ministers are not employed, but preach* professedly by a 
commission from on high. The first preacher was Jehu 
Middleton, and during the forty years since the organization 
of this society, many men and women have served as minis- 
ters and teachers. This society was a branch of Mill ford 
monthly meeting until 1839, when it was itself changed to a 
monthly meeting. In 1857 they built a frame house, neat 
but very plain, at a cost of $800, and have since torn down 
and removed the first one The meetings are held twice a 
week. Whitewater Quarterly meeting also meets here once 
a year. The present trustees are Caleb Williams, Edward 
Roberts and Allen Lukens. Three ancient elms give to 
this quiet church and churchyard the dignity of years. 



LUTHERAN CHURCH, OF NEW COLUMBUa 

This society was organized in 1847. The first members 
were William Sanders, John Mowery and wife, J. B. Cro- 
mer and wife, and John Baker. They first met in an old 



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324 HISTORY OF 



log school house, till the year 1861, when preparations were 
commenced to build a new house, which was completed in 
the fall of that year and appropriately dedicated. The 
house is a frame, forty by fifty feet, well finished, with 
neat cupola and window shutters, and is in every way a 
good and substantial house. Its cost was eighteen hundred 
dollars. It was repainted in the summer of 1873, and is 
certainly a credit to the denomination that built it. The 
present trustees are William Sanders, Michael Hess and 
John Baker. ' Its ministers have been J. B. Cromer, Wise- 
hop, Wiseman, Stinewalt, and Smith. It has a member- 
ship of thirty, holds regular meetings semi-monthly, and 
has also in connection a Sabbath school, which is kept up 
the greater part of the year. The corner stone of this 
house was laid with the usual ceremonies, and contains 
copies of the county papers, names of State and county 
officers, trustees, etc. The hight of the cupola from the 
ground to the top is seventy feet. It contains a bell. The 
church is surrounded by a substantial fence, and on the 
west, adjoining, is a cemetery, used mainly by the members 
of this denomination. 



BUSBY M. E. MEETING IJOUSE. 
The M. E. society, which formerly met at the above 
meeting house, was organized about the year 1836; and 
was for a number of years in a very prosperous and flourish- 
ing condition;. and was a very popular preaching point. 
It is located on the pike, leading from Anderson to War- 
rington, a mile and a half from the county line, in Fall 
Creek township, and on the south bank of Lick creek. 
Among the first preachers, were F. M. Richmond and Saul 
Reger. The society has not met since 1865, the membership 
having become scattered and associated with other societies. 
The old church is yet standing, but time is fast telling upon 
it, and it will soon be numbered among the things of the 
past. Around it, however, cluster many pleasant recollec- 



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MADISON COUNTY. g25 



tions ; here the pioneer was wont to meet and worship in 
times gone by. Mr. Richmond and Mr. Reger have both 
passed 'away, besides many others, who met here in early 
times. Among the last to leave these sacred walls, was the 
Rev. L. D. Reger, who was an active member of the above 
society. 



M. E. CHURCH, PENDLETON. 

This is the mother of churches in the county. Its exist- 
ence dates back to the year 1823. Among the first mem- 
bers were Thomas Pendleton and wife and daughter, Mrs. 
McCartney, Mrs. Samuel HoUiday, Elias and Elizabeth 
Hollingsworth Samuel Hunley and wifie, and James Scott 
and wife. They first met in private houses for several 
years, when a log house was built and used until the year 
1839, when the present church was built. This is a large 
frame house forty by sixty and cost $1,800 and was, when 
it was built, the best church in the county. Although it 
will not compare favorably with the church architecture of 
1874, it is nevertheless comfortably arranged and will seat 
six hundred persons. Among the first preachers who 
labored for this society, we find the names of James Reader, 
James Havens and Edward Ray, father of John W. Ray, 
of Indianapolis. This society has grown to be one of the 
strongest in the county, and flourished till the year 1870, 
when it lost to some extent its prestige by the financial 
difficulties of Bomgardner and Walker, both prominent 
members Among the ministers who have labored here 
since the above named are : F. M. Richmond, J. H. Hull, 
W. H. Goode, A. Eddy, O. V. Lemon, Samuel Larnb, H. 
Smith, L. W. Munson, V. M. Bemer, N. H. Phillips, E. 
Hasty, E. M. Baker and C. G. Hudson. This society has 
had for years a flourishing Sabbath school. I. N. Zeublin 
has acted for many years as its superintendent. The aver- 
age attendance is near one hundred. 



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326 HISTORY OF 



M. E. CHURCH, FRANKTON. 

This church was built in 1867, and cost |1,600. . It is a 
frame building, thirty by forty-five ; is a substantial house 
house, with a neat cupola, and will seat five hundred per- 
sons. The first trustees were John Townson, Jonathan 
Sutton, James French, B. Dwiggins and J. C. Montgomery. 
The society is flourishing and has a membership of a hun- 
dred and twenty. The organization of this society dates 
back to the year 1837, when it was organized at the house 
of Joseph Miller. The first preacher was William Curtis. 
The first members were Joseph Miller and wife, William 
Taylor and wife, Robert Irvin and wife, Reuben Kelly and 
wife, John Goff and wife, John Chamless and Katy Mills. 
Thus, from a few members, it has grown to be one of the 
largest Churches in the county. It has a splendid Sabbath 
school, with an average attendance of seventy-five. The 
present superintendent is William Suman, the secretary 
Louisa Edson, and the treasurer Russell Cramer. 



PLEASANT VALLEY M. E. CHURCH. 

This church is two and a half miles west of Pendleton, 
on the Noblesville turnpike, on the west bank of Foster^s 
Branch. This has been a preaching point for many years, 
and was a branch of the society at Pendleton up to the year 
1865, when a class was formed and steps taken to erect a 
church, which was done the same year, the size of which 
is thirty by thirty-six feet, costing about $1,200. It is a 
neat church, and will seat about three hundred persons. 
The trustees are O. B. Shaul, George Williamson and Wil- 
liam A. Baker. Among those who formerly met and wor- 
shipped here, we find the names of Andrew Shanklin 
and wife, William Williamson and wife, and John 
Shaul. The ministers have been F. M. Richmond, Heze- 
kiah Smith, N. Gillem, L. W. Munson, V. M. Beemer, J. 
C. Medsker, H. N. Philips, M. A. Teague and Mr. Baker. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 327 



The present minister is Mr. Hudson. The society has a 
Sabbath school, which has been in operation nine years. C. 
Goodrich is superintendent, and T. A. Baker, secretary. 
Previous to the building of the above house this society was 
known as the Shanklin Class, from the fe,ct of its having 
met at the house of Andrew Shanklin, who was among the 
first to organize and build up this society. A personal 
sketch of Mr. 8. is given in another place. 



RICHMOND M. E. CHAPEL. 

The above chapel is situated on Foster^s branch, in the 
southern edge of Stoney Creek township, an3 three miles 
north of Pendleton. The house is a frame building, thirty- 
four by twenty-four feet, cost one thousand dollars, and was 
erected in 1858. The following are the trustees : William 
Shaul, G. W. Pavey, John Shuman and William Snell. 
Of those who composed the first class we find G. W. Pavey 
and wife, William Huntsinger and wife and William Shaul. 
The first preacher was F. M. Richmond, from whom the 
house derived its name. The names of the preachers suc- 
ceeding Richmond are N. Gillum, L. W. Munson, V. M, 
Bemer, J. C. Medsker, N.H. Phillips, and M. A. Teague. 
The society is week, meeting only occasionally. We find 
that the first class leader was G. W. Pavey. In 1860 the 
Sabbath school was organized, and has been kept up in the 
summer seasons almost ever since. The first superintendent 
was A. M. Ulin, who is an active member, not only of the 
Sabbath school, but of the church also. 



M. E. CHURCH, ALEXANDRIA. 

This society has been organized for many years, perhaps 
Bince 1840. The first church was built in 1843, and is yet 
standing. It is twenty-four by forty-eight feet, and cost 



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328 HISTORY OF 



$800. The first trustees were William Wilson, J. E. D. 
Smith, V. C. McNear. Among the first preachers were J. 
W- Bradshaw, Jacob Colcazier, J. H. Hull, and Abraham 
Hazely. The society is now erecting a new and splendid 
house which was commenced in 1873, and will be finished 
by Christmas, 1874. The size of the house is forty by sixty 
feet, with high ceiling, arched windows and cupola, and 
when finished, will be a credit to Alexandria and the society 
that built it. The estimated cost of the builbing, which is- 
of brick, is $7,000. The present trustees are A. Birtchey, 
Thomas Norris, E. H. Menafee, N. E. Tomlinson, A. J. 
Lee, and Nathan O'Bryant. The society has a membership 
of fifty, and has a Sabbath school with an average attend- 
ance of seventy. The superintendent, G. W. Bailey ; sec- 
retary, L. Buck; treasurer, Kate Zimmerman. 



MT. TABOR M. E. CHURCH, MONROE TOWN- 

SHIP. 

This house is located five miles northwest of Alexandria. 
The society that meets at this house is the Methodist, the 
organization of which dates back to 1838. The society 
first met in private houses ; then in a log school house up 
to the year 1850, when the present house was built. Thi& 
house is thirty-eight by forty-eight and cost twelye hundred 
dollars. Among the first members composing this society 
were : ' Samuel McMahan, David Osburn, Wright Smith, 
Lidia Smith, David Austin and wife, and Louisa McMahan. 
The first ministers were James Havens, Hezekiah Smith 
and John Hull. The present preacher is W. Peck. This, 
society has had ups and downs and is not now in a very 
prosperous condition. The membership is small; they, 
however, keep up regular meetings and have a Sabbath 
school in connection. Just east and in sight is the Mt. 
Tabor cemetery where many sleep who formerly belonged 
to this church. All the persons referred to above have died 
with the exception of Lidia Smith and Mrs. Austin, to the 



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MADISON COUNTY. 329 

latter of whom I am indebted for this church history. She 
lives near the church and has seen it in its prosperity and 
adversity ; has seen the house crowded and again has seen 
only the faithful few who have formed a nucleus here as 
elsewhere throughout the land. We hope there are yet in 
store brighter days for Mt. Tabor, and that its smoldering 
fires will burn with their wonted fervency as in days past. 



MANNERING M. E. CLASS. 

This class meets at school house No. 5, two miles eadt of 
Alexandria, in Monroe township. It was first organized in 
1854, as a branch of the Alexandria M. E. Church. 
Among the first members we find the names of George and 
Rachel Hammond, James and Mary Mannering, William 
Mannering and wife, Nancy Kelly, John and Susanna Wil- 
son. The first minister was A. Greenman. The present 
minister is Rev. W. Peck. This society at one time, was 
very strong with a membership of near seventy, but has 
been reduced, however, by death and removals to twenty- 
five. They keep up regular meetings and have preaching 
every three weeks. 



ASBURY CHAPEL, M. E. CHURCH. 

This church is on the bank of Kill Buck, four miles 
northeast of Anderson, in Richland township. The house 
is a neat frame, thirty-four by forty-six feet, and will seat 
comfortably four hundred persons. It was dedicated Sep- 
tember 13th, 1870, by Dr. Bowman. Previous t9 the build- 
ing of the above house the society met at the school house 
in the vicinity. Among the first members wfere Daniel 
Goodykoontz and wife, James HoUingsworth and wife, 
Thomas Thornberg and David Tappin. This church has a 
membership of thirty-five. It has a Sabbath school, with 
an average attendance of thirty ; John Mathers, superin- 



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830 HISTORY OF 



teudent ; Albert Dillon, secretary, and H. Tapin, treasurer. 
Among the first preachers were Hezekiah Smith and John 
H. Hull. The church was named in honor of Bishop 
Asbury, whose memory will live as long as Methodism is 
preached in the land. May Asbury chapel long continue 
to be an honor to this good man. The present trustees of 
the church are Samuel Falkner, David Tapin and Frank 
Watkins. The present preacher is R. H. Smith. R. N. 
McCaig was on the circuit when the present house was built. 



MT. CARMEL M. E. CHURCH. 

The above house is located near the line dividing Fall 
Creek and Green townships, and on the Belletontaine rail- 
road, four miles from Pendleton. This society dates back 
to the year 1828. They first met in private houses, then in 
:a log school house, until the year 1848, when the present 
house was built. Among the first members comprising this 
isociety, we find the following : William McCarty, John 
Marsh and wife, Samuel Gibson and wife, James Jones, and 
James D. Honley. This society is yet kept up, though it 
has lost much of its former prestige. Adjoining is the cem- 
etery, where lie buried Saul Shaul and Samuel Gibson, two 
honored pioneers, who, in days of yore, contributed much to 
the upbuilding of the society at Mt. Carmel. 



TENNESSEE M. E. CHURCH. 

This church is situated in Monroe township and was 
organized in 1870. The first members were John and 
Elizabeth Reaves, Catherine Childs, J. H. and Nancy 
Maynard, J. M. Reaves, Martin and Roda Waymire, 
Abram and Rhoda Devault, Elisha Smith, Margret Curtis, 
and J. W. and Ellen and Mary Mannering. The name of 
the first preacher was George Jenkins; the present one is 
R. H. Smith. The first class leader was J. H. Maynard 



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MADISON COUNTY. 331 



The total membership is thirty. They have a Sabbath 
school^ organized in 1869. The ^t superintendent was J. 
H. Maynard ; the first treasurer, Martin Waymire ; the 
first secretary, William Reaves. This school keeps up its 
organization the year round and has an average attendance 
-of sixty. The house which the above society meets in was 
formerly occupied by the United Brethren and is a log 
house. 



THE M. E. CHURCH, FISHERSBURG. 

This society dates back to the year 1827. It met at pri- 
vate houses a short time, but steps were soon taken to erect a 
small log house twenty feet square. This was used until the 
year 1834, when a larger house was required. This was also 
a log house and was occupied until 1853, when the present 
house was built, which is a frame building thirty-eight by 
fifty and cost $1,600. This church has a membership of 
near one hundred. The house is well finished and will seat 
six hundred persons, and is in every way a respectable 
building. The trustees are Charles Fisher, Samuel Busby 
and Thomas Aldred. The present preacher is John Harri- 
son. They have an excellent Sunday school with an aver- 
age attendance of seventy scholars. Among the first 
preachers were Charles Bonner, W. C. Smith, and L. W. 
Berry. Among the first members we find Thomas Busby, 
D. E. Studley and wife, Charles Fisher and wife, John 
Anderson, Z. Rogers and wife, Mrs. Thomas Busby, Samuel 
Busby and David Conrad. 



M. E. CHURCH, ANDERSON. 

The society was organized in 1827. Previous to that time 
it had met in the private houses of Collins Tharp, William 
Curtis and Elias Hollingsworth. In the year 1839 Collins 
Tharp gave the ground on which to erect the church, of 



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332 HISTORY OF 



which a portion was to be used as a cemetery. This is the 
ground known as the Old Cemetery, just east of the Stil- 
well Park. Soon after the ground was given, the society 
commenced the erection of a church. This house was never 
entirely finished. It was, however, used by them for sev- 
eral years. It was finally sold to J- E. D. Smith and used 
by him as a carpenter shop. A few years later it was 
consumed by fire. Among the first m.embers were Collins 
Tharp and wife, Enoch Donahue and wife, William Curtis 
and wife, Mrs. Harpold, Matilda Shannon, E. Merrill and 
wife, and Henry Russell. Among the first ministers were 
John Strange, James Havens, Rev. Van Cleve, G. C. Beeks, 
Rev. Vance, C. Bonner and D. F. Stright, The society had 
become so numerous about the year 1849 that preparations 
were made for building a new church. A lot was obtained 
of R. N. Williams on the northeast corner of Williams and 
Meridiaa streets, an^d in the year following a house thirty- 
six by fifky was completed at a cost of about $1,200. This 
house was used by the society until the year 1870, when it 
was sold to D. W. Swank for $1,000. It was removed by 
him to the lot north of the post oflSce, where it is now used 
for a millinery establishment. The proceeds were applied 
to the erection of the present house. The new church is 
situated immediately south of the old site; This house is 
a brick building fifty by eighty with> a tower one hundred 
and forty feet high, and a steeple one hundred and seventy* 
The house has high arched widows and doors, capped with 
stone and ornamented with beautiful stained glass. Thcr 
exterior of the church has a massive and tasteful appearance. 
It is covered with a slate roof. The basement or lecture-rooni 
below will comfortably accommodate about five hundred 
persons. 

Having hastily glanced at the external appearance, we 
will enter the main audience room by a flight of stairs on 
the west. We find a main and two side aisles. The inte- 
rior is beautifully frescoed. The seats are arranged 4n a 
semi-circular form. The entire room presents a harmonious 
appearance. It has a commodious gallery, and is lighted 



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MADISON C50UNTY. 333 



by elegant chandeliers. It is furnished with an organ^ both 
above and below. This church is a credit to the society 
that built it, and an ornament to the city of Anderson. It 
cost $28,000. The basement was dedicated November, 
1870, by Dr. Read, of Cnicago. The main, or audience 
room, was dedicated December 31st, 1871, by Dr. Andrus, 
of Green Castle, on which occasion an ample amount was 
subscribed and pledged to pay all indebtedness. The soci- 
ety now numbers two hundred and fifty, and is by far the 
most numerous and prosperous of any in the county. The 
following are the trustees : D. W. Swank, Alfred Walker, 
B. Rhoads, B. F. Alford, William R. West, A. J. King and 
H. J. Blackledge. The society has in connection a flour- 
ishing Sabbath school, which has kept pace with the church 
and been in operation for years. It has a membership of 
two hundred and fifty, and an average attendance of two 
hundred. Its superintendent is J. T. Smith ; secretary, M. 
A. Chipman. 



BETHEL M. E. CHURCH, FLORIDA STATION. 

This society was organized and first met at the house of 
William Lowe ; then at Croan's school house. The first 
members were : James Hollingsworth and wife, Allen Gor- 
don, Milton Longley, and Sexton Hilligoss. The first 
preachers were Robert Burns and J. H. Hull. In 1857 the 
society built the present house at Florida Station. It is a 
frame, thirty-two by forty-six, and costing $1,400, a^d will 
comfortably seat about four hundred persons. This society 
now numbers fifly-two members and has regular preaching 
every two weeks. The present pastor is R. H. Smith. 
They have a Sabbath school with an average attendance of 
thirty-five. This Sabbath school has been organized a 
number of years. Its first superintendent was Elizabeth 
Hollingsworth, since which time it has never ceased to 
exist. Mrs. H. was also one of the original members of this 
society. 



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334 HISTOBY OF 



M. E. CHURCH, CHESTERFIELD. 

The above house was built in 1872, and dedicated in 
December of that year by Dr. Andrus, of Greencastle* 
This house is a frame, thirty-six by forty-eight feet ; is 
adorned with a cupola ; cost $1,600, and when thoroughly 
painted will present a neat appearance. The trustees are : 
Robert Goodwin, B. French and David Tapin. The mem- 
bership is small and they have been greatly aided by other 
societies in the building of this house. The society is, at 
this writing, laboring under embarrassment by having 
incurred a debt of $800 in its erection. Previous to the 
erection of this church the society met at the school house- 
in Chesterfield. The society has lately made arrangements- 
for regular preaching and are to be supplied by the Rev- 
R. H. Smith, of the Anderson circuit. 



WESLEY CHAPEL M. E. CHURCH. 

This house is situated in Richland township, and was 
built in 1860. It is a frame building, thirty-four by forty- 
eight feet; comfortably seated, and will accommodate 
about five hundred persons. It is in every way a neat 
church, worthy of the society that built it. The church is 
lit with chandeliers, and is surrounded with a neat fence,, 
which also encloses a fine cemetery. The cost of the house 
and fiftrniture was $1,800. The trustees are B. F. Walker, 
A. H. McNear, J. R. Holston, Alfred Walker, and Rich- 
ard Jackson. This society dates back to 1842, and for- 
merly met in an old log school house. The names of those 
who composed the society are, B. F. Walker and wife, J. 
R. and Nancy Holston, William Noble, A. H. McNear,. 
Christian Lower, and B. Lower. Among the first preach- 
ers, we find the names of B. H. Bradley, Isaac King^ 
Joseph Marsee, H. Smith, J. H. Hull and J. R. Lacy. The 
present preacher is R. H. Smith. The society numbers 
fifty members, and has a Sabbath school with an average 



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MADISON C50UNTY. 335 



attendance of forty^ of which the superintendent is Addison 
Holston ; secretary, Ellen Holston, and treasurer, J. W. 
Stephens. The above chapel was dedicated June llth^ 
1860, by J. H. McElwee, who was on the circuit at that 
time. 



ANTIOCH M. E. CHURCH, MENDEN, FALL CHEEK 
TOWNSHIP. 

This society was organized about the year 1831. Their 
first meeting place was a log house used for meeting and 
school purposes. Among the first members were Manly 
Richards, Joseph Carter, Andrew Bragg, James W. Mani- 
fold, Jacob and John Lambord, and John Russell. The 
first preachers were J. N. Elsbury and Asa Beck. In 1842 
a frame house was built, twenty-six by thirty-six feet, 
which was occupied until 1868, when the present church 
was built. This is also a frame, forty-six by fifty-six feet, 
good foundation, well finished, and is in every respect a 
good house. It cost three thousand dollars. It is beauti- 
fully located just west of the town of Menden, on the bank 
of Lick creek. Near it stand a United Brethren church 
and a school house, spoken of in another place. The pres- 
ent trustees are J. W. Manifold, Eli Patterson, J. E. Car- 
ter, J. W. Scott, and J. P. McCarty. The present mem- 
bership is fifty. In connection is a Sabbath school which 
has been in progress for several years. The average attend- 
ance is fifty scholars. Their superintendent is J. W. Mani- 
fold ; G. C. Cook, secretary. The school is kept up during 
the whole year. This is one of the best houses in the county 
outside of Anderson. A little south, and on the bank of 
the creek, is the cemetery, where are buried several of the 
pioneers of the county, among whom are Ralph Williams, 
senior, one of the first citizens of Adams township, and 
father of Ralph Williams of Markleville. 



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336 HISTOBY OF 



THE M. E. CHURCH, MARKLEVILLE, ADAMS 
TOWNSHIP. 

The first meetings held in this locality was at the pri- 
vate houses of Stephen Norman and Ralph Williams, sr. ; 
afterward in a log school house near where the present 
house now stands. Among the first preachers were Saul 
Reger, Daniel Stright, Augustus Eddy. In the year 1866, a 
new house was built just south of town on the land donated 
by John Markle and George McCulough. The size of the 
house is thirty-six by forty-eight feet, fourteen foot ceiling ; 
has a cupola and a bell, and with the exception of the found- 
ation is a very good house. It has walnut seats, lighted 
with chandeliers ; cost of house, $1,400. The trustees are: 
R. Williams, L. D. Reger, J. M. Small. The society is 
weak and was aided greatly by members of other denomi- 
nations and outsiders in building. The house is used by 
other denominations when not occupied by the Methodists, 
who have at all times the preference. It was dedicated 
October, 1856, by O. P. Lemon and named in honor of 
him, consequently is known as Orange Chapel. Among 
those who contributed largely to its erection we find are : 
Ralph Williams, Samuel Huston, L. D. Reger, Daniel 
Cook, John Boran. The present preacher is J. F. Pierce, 
A Sabbath school has been successfully organized here and 
is kept up the year round. Its present superintendent is 
C. G. Mauzy; secretary. Bell Harden; treasurer, J. M. 
Small. Average attendance, forty-five. 



THE M. E. CHURCH, PERKINSVILLE. 
Thi? society is among the oldest in the county with the ex- 
ception of those at Pendleton and Anderson. It was organ- 
ized about the year 1828. The members met in private 
houses until a small frame house was built, which they used 
till about the year 1860, when the present house was 



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MADISON COUNTY. 337 



erected. This house is a brick building, thirty by forty feet 
and cost $1,500. It is a very comfortable house and will seat 
about four hundred persons. This society is strong and 
influential, including some of the best citizens of Jackson 
township. Among the first ministers were, James Havens, 
J. H. Hull, H. Smith, and F. M. Richmond. The present 
minister is, J. F. Rhoads. It has in connection also a Sab- 
bath school, which has been in operation for years, and a 
full account of which was furnished by F. M. Armstrong. 
This account is to long for insertion, but nevertheless Mr. 
Armstrong has our thanks. 



ELM GROVE CHURCH. 

This is a New Light Church, situated in the Western part 
of Lafayette Township. It was built in 1873, and dedi- 
cated in October of that year by Rev. McCollough, of Day- 
ton, Ohio. It is a neat frame house with a cupola, and is 
thirty-two by forty-six, and cost $1,600. The carpenter 
work was done by James Thompson, of Anderson. As the 
name would indicate, it is situated in a very beautiful grove, 
its snowy whiteness contrasting with the green boughs 
which overhang. Who is it that does not regard the beau- 
tiful churches and school-houses as omens of good ? They 
act as a kind of magnetism holding society together. Strip 
us of these, and society would soon be like a ship without 
a rudder. Pardon the digression, and we will close up the 
history of Elm Church. The trustees are Alexander 
Smith and George Thompson. The society has a member- 
ship of thirty. Several of the members of the above 
society formerly belonged to the Kill Buck Church in the 
eastern part of the township, and on its going down they 
attached themselves to this society. Elm Grove Church ia 
five miles northwest of Anderson, and two miles southwest 
of Florida Station. Dr. Raynes is superintendent, and J. 
M. Bodkins, secretary of the Sabbath school that meets 
here. 

22 



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338 HISTORY OF 



FIRST PRESBYTEKIAN CHURCH, OF 
ANDERSON. 



BY BEV. W. M. GRIMES. 



The First Presbyterian Church, of Anderson, was organ- 
ized by Rev. Edward Schofield, September 4, 1851 consist- 
ing of eleven members, six of whom are still living. The 
first house of worship, a plain brick building thirty-six by 
sixty feet, costing $2,500, was built on Meridian street m 
1855, and was sold to the First Baptist Church In 1872, 
for $2,000. The new church building, on the comer of 
Jackson and Washington streets, was commenced in 1872. 
It is of brick and when finished will be a beautiful struc- 
ture forty-six by seventy-four feet. The lecture room is 
finished and plainly but elegantly furnished, and pronounced 
by public speakers to be a perfect gem. When finished and 
fiirnished the church will cost about $18,000, and will be 
an ornament to the city. Since the organization of the 
church the Revs. E. Schofield, J. S. Craig and A. S. Reid 
have supplied the pulpit. Rev. W. M Grimes, the present 
pastor, commenced his labors in January, 1871. The 
church has on its roll about one hundred and twenty mem- 
bers, the Sabbath school about the same. The following are 
the present officers of the church : 

Pastor — Rev. W. M. Grimes. 

Session — ^Thomas Barnes, James Hazlett, M. S. Robin- 
son, E. B. Goodeykoonts, Dr. E. J. Chittenden, Dr. B. F. 
Spann. 

Deacons— J. Raber, J. F. Wildman, A. W. Thomas, W. 
R. Myres. 

Trustees — George Nichol, M. S. Robinson, J. Hazlett, H. 
D. Thompson, W. M. Wagonner. 

Superintendent of Sabbath School — Amzi W. Thomas. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 339 

\ \ 

UNITED BRETHREN CHURCH, MENDEN. 

The above church is situated in the southwestern part of 
Fall Creek township, on the bank of Lick creek. The 
present house was built in 1844, and cost about (1,000. 
It is a frame building thirty by forty feet. Previous to the 
erection of this house, the society met at private houses and 
in a log school house in that vicinity. The first preacher 
was the Rev. Steward. This society was at one time in a 
very flourishing condition and had a membership of sixty. 
It has been reduced by death and removals until the society 
now is in a weakly condition. They hoid however, ocga- 
sional meetings. This house is four miles southwest of 
Pendleton and two and a half east of Alfont. A few rods 
to the north is Antioch M. E. church, spoken of in another 
place. Immediately west of the church is the cemetery 
where Mrs. Manly Richards and Mr. Ralph Williams, sr., 
are laid, and many other of the old pioneers whose names 
I failed to get. 



UNITED BRETHREN CHURCH, UNION TOWN- 

SHIP. 
This house is situated one-half mile west of Chester- 
field. The society dates back to the early settlement of 
this part of the county. As early as 1836 it built a brick 
church, which was at that time an honor to the cause and 
to the society. Among the first members were John 
Suman, Daniel and Brazleton Noland and wives, William 
Diltz and wife, N. Sands, J. C. Guston and Henry Russell. 
This was for many years a very popular place for meeting. 
It has, however, for several years been numbered among the 
things of the past, the house being regarded unsafe to meet 
in. Death has claimed many of its former members, while 
others are scattered so widely that an organization has 
ceased to exist. Among those formerly belonging to the 
society, and are buried near the church, are Daniel Noland 
and wife, William Diltz and John Suman. 



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340 HISTORY OF 



UNIVERSALIST CHURCH, PENDLETON. 
This society was first organized at Huntsville, February 
the 20th, 1859, but was soon afterward removed to Pendle- 
ton. The first members were John Tillson, John Huston, 
Thomas G. Mitchell, Isaac Busby, James and Lewis Cassi- 
day, David Bousman. In March, 1859, preparations were 
made to build a house of worship in Pendleton, which wasr 
completed the following fall. The size is thirty-five by 
forty feet. It is a frame building, finished in good style^ 
with belfry, and will seat about four hundred persons com- 
fortably, the cost of which was $2,500. The trustees are 
as follows : J. R. Silver, Harvey Craven. Among the 
ministers who have preached for this society are Rev. Mr. 
Gibson, J. M. Westfall, W. W. Curry, J. D. H. Corwin, W. 
C. Brooks. This society is not in as prosperous a condition 
as formerly. Those who have donated most for the erection 
of this church, and have been the greater instruments in the 
organization of this society, have, passed away, but their 
memories live, and will continue to live, as noble and 
worthy men, of whom we will speak, hereafter, separately. 
In connection with the above church has existed for several 
years a flourishing Sabbath school. The superintendent is 
J. R. Silver, secretary, William Mills. Average attend- 
ance, forty. This church is now, and has always been, open 
to all denominations, public lectures, when not occupied by 
the Universalists. This bouse is located on North Main 
street. 



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MADISON C50UNTY. 



341 



POST-OFFICES IN THE COUNTY 



^ 



Below we give a list of the post-offices in Madison county^ 
with a list of the post masters and their salaries, and the 
number of periodicals and papers taken at each office. Also 
the number of times they are supplied with the mail. 

Anderson and Pendleton are money-order offices, and the 
only ones in the county. The post office at Prosperity has 
lately been abandoned. 



Offices. 



A* I 



o 



Post Mastebs^ 






H 

i 



^ 



Anderson 

Pendleton 

Alexandria 

Elwood 

Frankton 

Chesterfield .... 

Rigdon 

Perkins ville 

Huntsville 

Alfont 

Fishersburg 

Markleville...... 

Summitville .... 

New Columbus. 

Zinsburg 

Prospect 

Mercury 



1,011 

720 

185 

180 

175 

110 

82 

135 

185 

75 

135 

150 

95 

85 

50 

45 

50 



3,468 



H. J. Brown 

W. M. Morris.... 
James Johnson. 

F. M. Hunter.... 

C. A. Star... 

W. T. Trueblood. 

f. L. Beckwith.. 

S. M. Lewis 

Joseph Cohen.... 
George Dunham. 

a F. Hardy 

A. Moore 

Levi Patterson... 

G. B.More 

Wesley White... 
Elijah Ring 



Daily 

Daily 

Tri-weekly .. 

Daily 

Daily 

Daily 

Weekly 

Semi-weekly 

Daily 

Daily 

Semi-weekly.. 

Weekly 

Tri-weekly 

Weekly 

Weekly 

Weekly 

Weekly 



1$1,200 

480 

200 

200 

140 

77 

62 

47 

35 

27 

25 

24 

20 

17 

6 

7 

12 



PENDLETON AND NEWCASTLE TURNPIKE. 

This pike was commenced in the year 1859, and the first 
three miles from Pendleton were completed the same year. 
The road, however, was not finished ix) Markleville until 
1865, and the two miles east of Markleville to the county 
line not until 1867. The entire length of the line is nine 



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342 HISTOBY OF 



miles and a fraction^ running a little south of east frooft 
Pendleton. It cost fifteen hundred dollars per mile. The 
first officers were: President, Neal Hardy; treasurer, L.. 
W. Thomas ; secretary, J. T. Wall ; directors, C. G. Mauzy^ 
Elwood Brown and Ralph Williams. The receipts for the 
past year have been $1,550.43; the amount paid out^ 
$938.80. The pike is in good order. The company have 
built the last two years two iron bridges, one over Spring 
branch, costing $525.00, the other over Lick creek, five 
miles east of Pendleton, costing $1,415.00, which was paid 
by the county. The bridges were superintended by J. B. 
Lewis and John H. Kinnard. The company have two 
gates, costing each $390.00. The stockholders the past year 
have received a dividend of six per cent. The present 
officers are: President, John H. Kinnard; treasurer^ 
Woolson Swain ; secretary, J. B. Lewis ; directors, John 
Kinnard, J. B. Lewis, C. G. Mauzy, John McCallister and 
Dr. Walker. Length of the county nine miles. 



THE ANDERSON AND FISHERSBURG PIKE. 

The Anderson and Fishersburg turnpike company was 
organized in August, 1865. Elias Brown, John Cunning- 
ham, Samuel Moss, William Wopdward and David Conrad, 
were the first directors. David Conrad was chosen presi- 
dent, C. D. Thompson, secretary, and Samuel Moss, treas- 
urer. The road is nine and one-fourth miles in length, of 
which seven and one-fourth miles are completed. This 
road cost two thousand dollars per mile, and pays six per 
cent. The present directors are, Elias Brown, Noah Hunt- 
zinger, D. B. Davis, Samuel E. Busby and David Conrad. 
President, David Conrad, secretary, James B. Woodward, 
treasurer, Samuel E. Busby. 



THE EAST LINE PIKE, FROM ANDERSON 

TO COLUMBUS. ^ 

This read was built in 1868 ; is five miles in length, and 
cost (1,100 per mile. It .intersects the Anderson and Cbes- 



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MADISON COUNTY. 343 

terfield road, from which point it runs due south, parallel 
with the Short Line pike, and about one mile east of the 
same. The following were the first directors : Eph- 
riam Clem, Henry Keller, Michael Stohler, George 
Chittenden and George Nichol. The following are the 
present directors : Wilson Cory, Isaac Hoppis, W. Stan- 
ley, Alfred Hoppis and Michael Stohler. The officers are : 
W. Stanley, president, Wilson Corey, secretary, George 
Nichol, treasurer. This road is in good order, with the 
exception of one- fourth of a mile along the farm of George 
Coopman, which has never been graveled. This road has 
two gates. 



ANDERSON AND LAFAYETTE TURNPIKE. 

This pike was built in 1867, at a cost of $1,800 per 
mile. The points connected are Anderson and Florida sta- 
tion. Its length is six miles and runs in a northwesterly 
direction. The officers and directors are as follows : James 
HoUinsworth, J. L. Jones, N. L. Wickersham and Henry 
Roadcap. This road has two gates. 



PENDLETON AND EDEN TURNPIKE. 

This pike was built in 1862, at a cost of fifteen hundred 
dollars per mile. Its direction is a little to the west of 
south from Pendleton, passing through the village of Men- 
den, and crossing Lick creek just north of the town. The 
directors are J. W. Manifold, James Jones, J. P. McCarty, 
M, C. Cook and Rollin Moore. The president is James 
Jones ; the secretary ajd treasurer, J. W. Manifold. The 
distance from Pendleton to Eden is eight miles. This pike 
has two gates four miles in this county. 



KILL BUCK TURNPIKE. 
This pike intersects with the Anderson and Alexandria 
turnpike near Robert Adams' woolen factory, and extends 



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844 fflSTORY OF 



into Richland township in a northeasterly direction. Its 
entire length is six and three-fourths miles^ and cost twelve 
hundred dollars per mile. This pike crosses Kill Buck 
near the Asbury church. The first directors were Jonathan 
Dillon, Samuel Falkner, John Coburn, Weems Heagy and 
Madison Falkn.er. The president was H. D. Thompson ; 
the secretary, Jonathan Dillon. It has two gates. 



MADISON AND HANCOCK PIKE. 
This pike intersects the Pendleton and Newcastle pike 
four miles east of Pendleton, and runs south to the Hancock 
county line, and from there to Warrington. The length 
within this county is three miles. It was built in 1870, and 
cost $1,200 per mile. The first directors were : M. 6r. 
Walker, J. R. Boston, Robert Blakely, Lewis Copeland and 
Joseph Stanley. The present officers are : President, 
Joseph Stanley, secretary, J. L. Fussell ; treasurer, Seth 
Walker. The present dirctors are : Lewis Copeland, Joel 
Garrettson, Edward Roberts and John W. Trece. 



LICK CREEK PIKE. 
This pike has its northern terminus three miles east of 
Pendleton, on the Pendleton and Newcastle turnpike, and 
extends south to the county line. The length of the road 
is three and one-fourth miles. It was built in 1867, and 
cost $1,500. The first directors . /ere : J. P. James, J. L. 
Thomas and Jacob Kennard. The president was Jacob 
Kennard ; the secretary, J. L. Thomas. It has no gates. 



PENDLETON AND FISHERSBURG PIKE. 
This road was commenced in 1865, at Pendleton. The 
first four miles cost $3,000 per mile. That part of the road 
next to Fishersburg was built much cheaper and cost 
$2,000 per mile. This pike runs in a northwesterly direc- 
tion and is eight miles in length. The first directois were, 



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MADISON CX)UNTY. 346 



J. A. Taylor, Harvey Craven, David Bodenhorn and David 
Conrad. The treasurer was J. O. Hardy. The following 
are the present directors : Charles Fisher, J. A. Taylor, J. 
V. Kerr, W. V. Shanklin, Benjamin Wise and G. W. 
Sears. 



PENDLETON AND FALL CREEK PIKE. 
Tffls pike extends from Pendleton down the northwest 
bank of Fall creek to the Hamilton county line. The 
length is seven miles. That portion of this road lying 
next to Hamilton, county is not completed. The 
work on this road was commenced in 1870, but was soon 
after discontinued. The first directors were, Judson 
Learned, Thomas Scott, Joseph Shaul, John Petegrew and 
James Williams. About two-thirds of this road lies in 
Green township and one-third in Fall Creek township. 



ANDERSON AND NEW COLUMBUS SHORT LINE 

PIKE. 
This pike was begun early in the spring of 1866, with 
the following board : President, N. C. McCullough ; treas- 
urer, George Nichol ; secretary, A. D. Williams ; directors, 
Stephen Carr, Samuel Walden and Peter Festler. This 
road is nine miles in length, and runs southeast and inter- 
sects the Pendleton and Newcastle pike two miles west of 
Markleville. Its cost was twelve hundred dollars per mile. 
The last two miles south of Columbus was not finished until 
the year 1872. The receipts in 1873 were $1,241.64, and 
the amount paid out for the same year was $844.40. The 
company declared a dividend in 1873 of six per cent. The 
following are the present board of directors : Frank Pence, 
Samuel Festler, Jacob Festler, L. D. Regor, Merideth 
Stanley and George Nichol. There are three gates on the 
road, one having been built the present year. Preparations 
are being made to erect an iron bridge over Fall creek at 
New Columbus at this time, the expense of which will be 



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346 HISTORY OF 



partially paid by the county. Thi8 road has the most travel 
of any in the county, if we except, perhaps, the Alexandria 
pike. 



ANDERSON AND PERKINSVILLE TORNPIKE. 
The company was organized May, 1866, with the follow- 
ing directors : T. L. Beckwith, Jacob Zeller, George 
Nichol, James Clauser, and James M. Jackson. T. L. 
Beck with, was elected president, and J. M. Jackson, secre- 
tary. The road is eleven miles in length. The cost per 
mile was $1,400. The road is on the north side of the 
river. The present officers are William Crim, president, 
and Townsend Ryan, secretary. The directors are William 
Whitehead, George Nichol, Jacob Zeller, T. Ryan, and 
William Crim. 



ANDERSON AND ALEXANDRIA TURNPIKE. 

This pike was built in 1855. The first directors were 
William Crim, Neal McCoUough, George Nichol, James 
Hazlett, and Dr. Hunt. The road is ten miles in length. 
It runs nearly north, crosses Kill Buck, near Adams' 
woolen factory, and passes through Prosperity in the west 
edge of Richland township. The two miles next to Alex- 
andria is not yet finished. The road is in good repair, and 
is used more than any other road in the county. The 
directors are N. C. McCollough, William Crim, A. J. 
Brunt, and E. J. Walden. The officers are William Crim, 
president; N. C. McCollough, treasurer, and Joseph Fulton, 
secretary. 



ANDERSON AND HAMILTON PIKE. 
This pike was built in 1772. The directors are Sam'l Moss, 
M. Moss, Isaac Moss, Thomas Shannon, Joel White and Allen 
Lee, with Samuel Moss, president, and Jacob Harless, secre- 
tary. The cost per mile was fifteen hundred dollars. This 
road intersects with the Perkinsville and Anderson pike at 



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MADISON COUNTY 347 



the Moss-Stone Quarry, and extends three and a half miles 
west to Hamilton, and its terminus is one mile and a half 
west of Hamilton. It is only finished from Hamilton to the 
stone quarry, a distance of three and a half miles. This pike 
bears a little north of west, and is on the south side of White 
river, and on an average of about half a mile distant from the 
same. The present directors are : Jacob Harless, James 
Johnson, Robert Carter, Allen Lee and William Baker. 
The officers are : Jacob Harless, president ; Samuel Wil- 
liams, secretary, and Silas Busby, treasurer. 



PENDLETON AND NOBLESVILLE TURNPIKE. 
This road was built in 1866. Its direction is a little 
north of west, and its length within the county six miles. 
The original directors were A. B. Taylor, William A. Baker, 
Samuel Nicholson, James R. Silver and Burwell William- 
son. The following are the present directors : James R. 
Silver, Elijah Williams, Anderson Polinger, W. A. Baker 
and O. B. Shaul. The officers are : J. R. Silver, president ; 
J. O. Hardy, treasurer ; C. E. Goodrich, secretary. The 
cost per mile was $2,242.00. The company has within the 
last few years erected an iron bridge over Fall creek, just 
west of Pendleton, at a cost of fifteen hundred dollars. 



BROADBENT WOOLEN FACTORY. 

This mill is located on Kill Buck, in Richland township, 
five miles north-east of Anderson. A small mill was erected 
here by F. Walker and J. B. Purcell. Six years later the 
present building was erected. It is twenty-four by forty, 
and three stories high. The carpenter work was done by 
J. T. Swain in 1846. It has one hundred and fifty spindles 
and one loom, and manu&ctures seventy-five pounds of 
wool per day. It is supplied with water from Kill Buck 
by means of a race, on the south side of the creek. This 
mill is now owned by Stephen Broadbent, and valued at 
$8,000. 



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S48 HISTORY OF 



LUKENS STEAM SAW MILL. 
This mill is situated in the southeastern part of Fall 
Oreek township, on Lick creek. It was built by Charles 
Jacobs and J. L. Fussell, in 1852, at a cost of $1,800. It 
is a sash mill, and owned by Allen Lukens, and valued at 
$1,500. This mill has done a large amount of work in 
times past, but of late, owin^ to the scarcity of timber, 
only runs a part of the time. 



FIRST NATIONAL MILLS. 
The first national grist mill at Pendleton, known as the 
lower mill, was built by Samuel Irish in 1848, at a cost of 
f 8,000. It is three stories high, has three run of stone, 
and is supplied with water from Fall creek by a race on the 
south of this stream. The mill is situated one-halt mile 
southwest of Pendleton, and a little south of the pike lead- 
ing to Noblesville. It is at present owned by Andrew 
Taylor, and has been since he bought it repaired and 
improved greatly. At this time it is considered to be worth 
$12,000. It is capable of making seventy-five barrels of 
flour in twenty-four hours, beside doing the custom work. 
This mill gets a great amount of custom from Hamilton 
county, and does a large shipping business with merchants 
in Philadelphia, Cleveland and Indianapolis. The present 
miller is Mr. Youst. There is in connection with the 
mill a saw mill running by the same power. 



STEAM SAW MILL AT FLORIDA STATION. 

This mill was built in 1867 by Roadcap and Van 
Winkle, at a cost of $2,000. They ship lumber to Ander- 
son and other points along the railroad after supplying the 
home demand. They employ four hands, and are capable 
of making 4,000 feet of lumber per day. On the third day 
after this mill was put in operation, the boiler bursted, kill- 
ing instantly C. R. Wolf and Perry Moore, and seriously 



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MADISON COUNTY. 349^ 



injuring several others. This sad accident cast a gloom 
over the village and vicinity for some time. The mill i& 
now owned by Van Winkle, Tucker and Clauser, and 
valued at $2,500. 



THE SAW MILL AT NEW COLUMBUS. 
This mill was commenced by Bailey Jackson in 1843,. 
but was abandoned by him, and finished by James Peden, in 
the year 1835. This mill is supplied with water from Fall' 
creek, by means of a race on the south bank of the creek.. 
This mill is at present owned ^by the heirs of Samuel Hess. 
It does only a local trade, and is in operation only about six: 
months in the year. 



STEAM SAW MILL AT MARKLEVILLE. 
This mill was built in 1870, by Abishia Lewis and Joh»' 
Huston at a cost of $2,900, including a shingle machine, 
which was added in 1872. This mill has done a large 
amount of work. The owners ship their lumber to New 
Castle and Pendleton. They shipped at one time over a 
hundred thousand feet of walnut lumber to New Castle. 
The mill is now owned by John Huston, Mr. Lewis retiring 
in 1874. This mill is capable of making three thousand 
feet per day, and employs four hands. 



THE PLANING MILL AT ALEXANDRIA. 

This mill was built in 1872 by Perry & Co., at a cost of 
$5,000. It is now owned by Perry, Painter & Co. This, 
mill is in good working order, and employs eight hands. 
This firm is also engaged in the furniture business. Their 
building is two stories high, thirty-five by forty-five, and 
situated south of the line of the Lafayette and Muncie Rail- 
road, and on the pike leading to Anderson. The mill i» 
valued at $5,000, and it is the only mill of the kind in the 
northern part of the county. Its proprietors deserve great 



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350 HISTORY OF 



credit for the enterprise they have manifested in building 
this mill 



THE GRIST MILL AT PERKINSVILLE. 

This mill was built in 1859 by Jacob Zeller, at a cost of 
f 10,000. It is four stories high ; has three run of stone, 
and is capable of making fifty barrels in twenty-four hours. 
It does besides the custom work, a large merchant business, 
and ships flour to Philadelphia and Baltimore, as also to 
Anderson and other local points. It is perhaps the third best 
mill in the county, running almost constantly the year 
round. Near the site of this mill, Willilam Perkins built 
the first mill in the township in 1826. This was a very 
small imperfect mill ; but, however, served its day, and 
gave place to a better one about the year 1835. This mill, 
though a better one than the old corn cracker, fulfilled its 
time, and gave place to the present mill. These mills have 
all been supplied with water from White river, by means of 
a dam, a few rods above. This mill has for the past two 
years been rented to L. R. Webb; it, however, is owned by 
Jacob Zeller, and is valued at $12,000. 



STEAM FLOURING MILL AT SUMMITVILLE. 
This mill was built in 1870 by Williams, Moore & Dove, 
at a cost $5,000. It has two run of burs, is two stories 
high, and does only a custom work. It is now owned by 
Bratton & Finnemore. Since the above was written we 
have understood that an interest in this mill has been bought 
by William Daniels. This is the only grist mill in Van 
Buren township. 



STEAM SAW MILL AT SUMMITVILLE. 

This mill was built in 1871 by J. P. Saflbrd, at a cost of 
f 2,500. It is now owned by Stone & Fear. They employ 
four hands, and are capable of making four thousand feet of 
lumber in twenty-four hours. Besides supplying the home 



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MADISON COUNTY. 3 



demand they ship a large amount of lumber to Jonesboro^ 
Alexandria and Elwood. 



STEAM SAW MILL AND HEADING FACTORY 
NEAR SUMMITVILLE. 

This mill is situated one mile northeast of Summitville, 
Van Buren township^ It was built in 1873 by Cramer & 
Robb, and cost $5,000. They employ eight hands. They 
are capable of making a large amount of lumber and coop- 
ers' material. They ship mostly to Chicago and Pittsburg. 
This is an enterprising firm, and has been the means of con- 
verting a large amount of surplus timber into money. 



GRIST MILL AT FRANKTON. 

This mill was built in 1859 by John Quick. It is a large 
frame, three stories high, situated in the south part of town, 
near the railroad. It has three run of burrs, and is capable 
of making about forty barrels of flour per day. It does 
mostly custom work, but ships some flour to near points on 
the railroad. This mill is now owned by John Townsend, 
and is valued at $8,000. 



STEAM SAW MILL AT FRANKTON. 
This mill was erected in 1871 by W. H. Cochran and 
Bro., and cost $2,500. It is located a short distance north- 
east of Frankton ; employs four hands, and is capable of 
making five thousand feet of lumber per day. They deliver 
a large amount of lumber on the railroad. 



THE GRIST MILL AND SAW MILL AT CHES- 
TERFIELD. 

These mills are situated a short distance northeast of 
Chesterfield, on Mill creek. The grist mill was originally 



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362 HISTOKY OP 



built by Amasa Makepeace in 1824. It was a small mill 
when first built^ but has since been enlarged and improved 
by the addition of machinery. The building is three stories 
high, and has three run of stone, and does mostly custom 
work. It is supplied with water from Mill creek, which 
turns a ponderous overshot wheel, twenty feet in diameter. 
Adjoining is the steam saw mill, which has been built but a 
few years, and is capable of making three thousand feet of 
lumber per day. These mills are now owned by A. and A. 
W. Makepeace, and are valued at $6,000. 



THE FLAX MILL AT PENDLETON. 
This mill was built by J. Caseley & Sou at a cost of 
$5,000, and is well adapted to the purpose for which it was 
built. It has run a greater part of the time with the excep- 
tion of oue year, when the flax crop was nearly a failure. 
They have paid on an average about seven dollars per ton 
for straw, an article which before was almost useless, and 
which now makes an item in the revenue of the township. 
This was the second mill of the kind built in the county. 
It is located half a mile southeast of town, and immediately 
north of the fair ground. It was built in 1869. 



THE PLANING MILL AT PENDLETON. 
This mill was built by James and Martin in 1872. It is 
located a short distance below the Falls, on the south bank 
of the creek, near ^he iron bridge. It has only one single 
planing machine, and matches and dresses all kinds ot lum- 
ber. The engina is a twenty-horse power. It is the only 
mill of the kind in the south part ot the county. The 
entire cost of this mill was $2,500. Tht work done in 1873 
amounted $2,500. 



STEAM SAW MILL AT PERKINSVILLE. 

This mill was built in 1871, at a cost of |3,200, by 
Houghman and Lee, and is situated in the northwest part 



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MADISON COUNTY. 353 



of PerkinsviUe, near the Hamilton county line. This mill 
18 capable of making five thousand feet of lumber per day, 
and employs six hands. They ship lumber to Boston and 
Sao Francis JO, and have cut near one million feet of walnut 
lumber since they started. 



DICKSON^S MILL, ANDERSON. 

This mill was completed in September, 1874, and within 
ninety days from the time the work was first commenced. 
It is a frame, three stores high, with a rock foundation, and 
is covered with a slate roof. It has three run of burrs, 
capable of making seventy-five barrels of flour in twenty- 
iour hours. This mill is supplied with an engine from the 
Machine works at Anderson. It is also furnished with all 
the modern improvements of milling. Mr. Dickson, the 
proprietor, buys all kinds of grain, and ships flour to Cleve- 
land and Philadelphia, besides supplying some home trade, 
and doing custom work. This mill is located at the foot of 
Meridian street, near the Bellefontaine railroad. The 
entire cost of this mill was eleven thousand dollars. 



SPARKS MILLS, ANDERSON TOWNSHIP. 

This mill is situated three-fourths of a mile north* ot* 
Anderson, on the north bank of White river and between 
the mouth of Kill Buck and the Cincinnati and Chicago 
Railroad bridge. This mill was built in 1863, by Spark 
and Siddall. It is three stories high. Three run ot stone 
are propelled by water from Kill Buck. There is also a 
saw-mill in connection. They are owned by John Hall, 
who bought them in 1866. These mills do a. large amount 
of work, mostly confined to the custom, of the vicinity. 
The patrons live generally north of the.r^ver. The mills 
are valued at $6,000. The grist i^ill i« capable of making 
thirty barrels of flour per day. 
23 



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354 HISTORY OP 



GERMATTIA MILI^ ANDERSON. 
This mill was originally a warehouse, built by Willi* 
G. Atherton, and was used for that purpose niitil the year 
1868, when new machinery was pat in by P. Carl & Son. 
J. E. Young was soon afterwards associated with the firm. 
In 1871 G. D. Sehalk became proprietor. This mill ha^ 
two run of b»rrs, is capable of making fifty barrels per day. 
The owner buys grain of all kinds and ships flour, and ha» 
a very heavy custom work. The mill is a frame fifty by 
eighty feet, two stories high, and valued at $12,000. Thia 
mill is located near the Cineinnati and Chicago depot. 



ROBERT ADAMS^ WOOLEN FACTORY. 

Tfiis factory is in the southeast corner of Richland 
township, on the Kill Buck, and a little below where the 
Little and Big Kill Buck unite* It is also on the Ander- 
son and Alexandria pike, two and one-half miles from the 
former place. This factory, originally a very small one, 
was built by Curtis & Bond about the year 1835. In the 
year 1848 it came into the possession of Alfred Makepeace, 
who added to the building and machinery, A few years 
later it became the property of the present owner, Robert 
Adams, who from time to time has added to the machinery, 
until it is known far and wide as a first-class factory, doing 
work equal to any in the State. This factory is capable of 
working one hundred and twenty pounds of wool per day. 
It has two hundred and forty spindles ; has one first-class 
loom and four of the Stafibrd pattern. They employ eight 
hands. The entire property is valued at fourteen thousand 
dollars. Mr. Adams is a Scotchman, thoroughly under- 
stands his business, and by fair dealing and promptness has 
won for this factory a good name. 



MOSS ISLAND MILLS. 
These mills were built about the year 1836, by Joseph 
J^uUanix. They have since been owned by Frank Davis, L. 



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MADISON COUNTY, 355 



Brown, Van Pelt and Wyman, John Garrettson, James Rol- 
lings worth, I. P. Snelson, Nichol and King, Robert Traster, 
and A. E, Russell. It is now owned by W. R Allen. 
This mill was consumed by fire in 1873. It has since been 
rebuilt. It is three stories high; has three run of burrs, 
and does a large custom work, besides supplying Anderson 
and other points east. This mill is located two miles west 
of Anderson, and is supplied with water from White river. 
The mill derived its name from a small island in the river. 
It is valued at $15,000, and is capable of making seventy- 
five barrels of flour in twenty-four hours. It is at present 
rented by L. R. Webb, formerly of the Perkinsville mill. 



THE FLAX MILL AT ANDERSON. 

This mill was built in the year 1871 by Hamilton and 
Brothers. It is located just south of the corporation line 
and near the Catholic cemetery. It is a frame building, 
and cost $2,600. It has two breakers, and otherwise very 
well fixed for work. It did a large amount of business 
until 1873, when but little flax was raised, and it conse- 
quently did but little work. During the year of 1872 the 
firm employed six hands and used two thousand dollars 
worth of straw, at six dollars a ton, thus making a consid- 
erable item of what was considered a worthless material. 
The first grade was used for gunny bags and the second 
for upholstering. 



FALLS, OR CATARACT MILLS, AT PENDLETON, 
The first mill built here was by William and Thomas 
McCartney, in 1825. It was a small log mill. It, how- 
ever, filled the demands of the day, and was a great conven- 
ience to Ihe early settlers who had previously went twenty 
or thirty miles for their grinding. Mr. Thomas Bell was the 
second owner of this mill. James Irish was the third 
owner of this property. He built a much larger one on 
the south side of the creek, which is yet standing, but was 



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356 HISTORY OF 



abandoned as a mill some years since. A woolen mill was 
erected by Samuel Irish on the north side and just below 
the falls. On the death of S. D. Irish this entire property, 
including several acres of land, was sold to Bomgardner, 
Zueblin, Walker, and French. Soon after the woolen fac- 
tory was consumed by fire ; loss three thousand dollars. 
Steps were taken to rebuild, which was done on a grand 
scale. This last building was of stone and brick, costing 
sixteen thousand dollars. This was in the year 1865. It 
continued to run as a woolen factory for five years, when it 
was converted into a grist mill, with an additional cost of 
sixteen thousand dollars, making, when ready to run, thirty- 
two thousand dollars. It is by far the best mill in the 
county, has five run of stone, four stories high, and is capa- 
ble of making one hundred and fifty barrels of flour in 
twenty-four hours. This mill is supplied by water from 
the falls, by which it is run except when in a low stage, 
when steam is applied. About a year after the organiza- 
tion of this firm Mr. J. E. French retired. Mr. I. N. 
Zueblin retired in 1870, and J. W. Bomgardner in 1873. 
The firm now consists of O. L. Walker (son of M. G. 
Walker referred to above) and A. W. Howe. They ship 
flour to New York, Cleveland, Boston and Indianapolis^ 
beside doing a large local trade and the custom work. 
Adjoining, a few yards east, is a saw mill and heading fac- 
tory, the cost of which was six thousand dollars, built by 
Bomgardner, Walker and Zueblin, and is now owned by 
Walker & Howe. 



THE MILLS AT HUNTSVILLE. 

The first mill was built at Huntsville near where the 
present mill now stands, perhaps a little farther up the 
creek or race. This was adequate for all purposes until the 
year 183G, when it was replaced by a large three-story mill 
with three run of stone. Attached to this was an oil and 
a saw mill ; also, a woolen factory, all of which was des- 
troyed by fire in 1848. This was a severe blow to Hui^ts- 



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Godgle 



MADISON C50UNTY. 357 



ville and also to Mr. Adamson. However another was 
built soon by Nathan Wilson, Thomas ^^ocuin, Jonathan 
Wynn, This was four story high, four run of stone and is 
in every respect a first class mill, having went through thor- 
ough repairs by B. F. Aimen. It does a large amount of 
merchant work, shipping to Philadelphia and Indianapolis. 
Just a few rods east is a saw mill which has been running 
for several years, lately repaired by Cook and Aimen. Mr. 
dook sold his interest in the latter, also in the grist mill in 
1872, to Mr. Aimen. These mills are valued at $12,000. 
Mr. Aimen employs six hands in his mills. They are 
supplied with water from Fall creek by a race on the north 
side. These mills are frame, with solid rook foundation^ 
The grist mill has also a solid rock fore-bay and is pro- 
pelled by the improved Turban wheel. The principal 
millers have been : Peter Helvey, Harvey Sweet, James 
Elsworth. Present miller, George A. Phipps. The car- 
penter work and m ill- wrigh ting was done by J. T. Swain^ 
R. J. Hues, Mathias Simmons, Mr. Armstrong and B. F. 
Gregory. 



STEAM GRIST MILL, CHESTERFIELD. 

This mill was erected in the year 1850, by B. Noland, at 
a cost of $8,000. It is three stories high, has three run of 
burrs, and is capable of making ^venty-five barrels of flour 
in twenty-four hours. 

This mill^ during the first few years, did an extensive mer- 
chant business, especially while in the hands of J. W. Vose, 
who ran it to the utmost capacity. He bought grain and 
shipped flour very extensively. It has, however, of late, 
lost its high reputation, and is not, at this writing, in oper- 
ation. Its seeming owners and renters have become 
involved, so much so, that its real owners can not be found. 
It is located south of Chesterfield^ near the Bellefontaine 
railroad. 



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358 HISTOBY OF 



STEAM FLOURING MIIJL AT ALEXANDRIA. 

This mill was built in 1862-3^ by F. M. Damek^ and i» 
the second best mill in the county. It is four st(M*ies high^ 
has three run of burrs> and is capable o£ making one hun- 
dred and twenty barrels of flour in tweuty-four hours. It 
has an extensive merchant trade^ beside doing the custom* 
work. This mill was bought by S. K Young, at an assign- 
ee's sale^ in January^ 1873, it having been for a few months 
idle, Mr. Young has fitted up this mil) in tiptop order^ 
having supplied it with all the modem improvements. He 
ships flour to Baltimore and other points East. This mill 
is valued at $15,000, and is located in the south part of 
Alexandria, near the line of the Lafayette and Muncie 
Railroad. 



MASONIC LODGES IN THE COUNTY. 

OVID LODGE, NO. 164, F. AND A. M. 

Located at New Columbus, Adams township, was organ- 
ized May 24, 1854. First m.et in the second story of a log 
house on north side of street. The first officers were: R 
W. Cooper, W. M.; Joseph Peden, S. W.; William Malone,. 
J. W. The names of chartered members are as follows : 
E. E. Poindexter, John McCallister, Hiram Peden, John 
Hicks, James Biddle, David Fesler, Joel Pratt, William 
Sebrell, John Slaughter, Garrett McAllister, Joseph Poin- 
dexter, John J» Justice. In 18&0 the members built a new 
room ; this is also in the second story ; the lower portion i& 
also owned by the lodge. It is rented and used as a store- 
room. Their hall was dedicated July 14, 1860. Brothers 
Eastman, Roach and Boram officiating, followed with an 
out-door dinner, speaking, etc. The cost of entire building 
$1,500. The entire membership is 33. Officers as follows n 
A. T. McAllister, W. M4 William Carmony, S. W.; Lewis 
Johnson, J. W.; George Fesler, treasurer; Randal Biddle,. 
secretary ; Peter Cline, S. D.; Adam Forney, J. D.; Mile& 
Gray, tyler ; William Bumler and John Pane,, stewards 



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MADISON COUNTY. 359 

Several of the chartered memBers of this lodge have also 
died, whose names are as follows : B. W. Cooper, Joseph 
Peden, Garrett McAllister, Joel Pratt. Originating from 
this lodge, we have the Rural Lodge at Markleville, No. 
324. In the proper place we have omitted to give the size 
of the building, which is twenty-four by thirty-six feet. Stairs 
leading up on iutside; room comfortably furnished, and in 
good working order; out of debt, and a small fund on 
band. 

OHBSTEEFIELD LODGE, NO. 53, F. AND A. IC. 

Date of charter. May 24th, 1844. Charter members 
were: G. W. Ballengall, W. M. ; G. W. Godwin, S. W. ; 
John Percell, J. W. ; Newel Williams, secretary. This 
lodge occupies their old hall over the school house, built in 
1850. It has served them long and well. This lodge at 
one time was very strong and was the second one in the 
county. It has lost by death and removal many of its 
former members. An effort was made some time since to 
remove it to Dalesville, two miles east in the edge of Dela- 
ware county, but have thus far failed. The present officers are 
as follows: G. W. Tucker, W. M.; John Hurley, S. W.; 
William Scott, J. W.; F. W. Shimer, treasurer; W. T. 
Trueblood, secretary ; Henry Bronnenburg, S. E. ; Berriam 
fehafer, J. D. ; Joseph Smith, tyler. 

QUINCY LODGE NO. 230, P. AND A. M. 

Date of charter, March 25, 1858. The names of the first 
officers are as follows: Andrew J. Griffith, W. M. ; James 
M. Dehority, S. W. ; David Barton, J. W. The names of 
the present officers are as follows: Adolphus B. Laughlin, 
W. M. ; A. B. Wilson, S. W. ; C. L. Savage, J. W. ; Henry 
Cochrott, treasurer; Joseph A. Moore, secretary. The 
membership of Quincy lodge is, at present, sixty-nine. The 
hall belonging to the lodge is estimated at one thousand 
dollars. 

BUBAL LODGE NO. 324, F. A A. M. 

Located at Markleville; date of charter, May 24th, 
1864. The charter members were: J. J. Justice^ John 



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360 HISTORY OF 



Boram, F. L. Seward, David Johnson, E. B. Gfarrisotty 
Daniel Cook, W. B. Markle, Samiiel Cory, Levy McDaniel^ 
Samuel Harden. First officers were : J. J. Justice, W. M»; 
John Boram, S. W.; F. K Seward, J. W.; David Johnson, 
treasurer ; E. R Garrison, secretary. During the first year 
the lodge labored under great disadvantages, having no suit- 
able room in which to meet. The second year a small room 
was built, eighteen by thirty feet, the second story of whai 
now is Lynch's shoe shop. This was occupied by them till 
October, 1873, when their new hall was completed. This is 
a good hall, twenty-four by forty ieet, with ample ante- 
room ; stair on the inside. This is over the store-room of 
Hardy & Lewis. It was built at a cost of $1,000 by 
Hardy & Lewis,, and was bought of them by the lodge at 
the above figures. Since its organization the following have- 
died : David Johnson, F. L. Seward, W. R Mai^kle. The 
following are its present officers i Allen Boram, W. M^; 
Albert Lewis, S. W.; Reuben Wilkinson, J. W.; W. Sum- 
merville, treasurer; John Franklin, secretary;, A. J. 
Delph, S. D.; Joseph Blake, J. D.; J. D. Judd^tyler; 
Maxey Davis and Andrew J. Cunningham, stewards. The 
regular night of meeting is Saturday, on or before the fulling 
of the moon. The total membership is thirty-six. 

PENDLETON CHAPTER NO. 51, R. A. M. 

Date of charter. May 18, 1865. Charter members were 
Joseph Eastman, J. R. Silver, D. H. Roberts, F, L. Walker, 
George R. Boram, B. F. Aimen, W. D. Eastman, George 
Nickelson. The present members are John Hicks, George 
Nickelson, B. F. Aimen, R. E. Poindexter, Daniel Cook, 
John J. Justice, James Wynan, J. A. McDaniel, William 
P. Clark, Ross Wilkinson, Gavin Morrizson, Seth Hays, 
John Boram, John F. Cook, J. W. Shimer, James Biddle, 
R. R. Gibbons, Henry Mingle, Solomon Kinnaman, O. L. 
Walker, Miles Madron, Allen Boram; James R. Silver, D. 
W. Roberts, W. H. Roberts, J. W. Perry, D. R. Franks, 
George Bryant, William Iford, George A. Phipps, J. D. 
Johnson, Lundy Fuzsell, George Wingle. The present 
officers are John J. Justice, H. P. ; George Bryant, king; 



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MADISON COUNTY. 361 



R. R. Gibson, scribe; J. H. Bicks, capt. host.; B. F. 
Aimen, prin. sojourner; B. L. Fuzsell, R. A. capt.; Allen 
Borara, G. M. 3d vale. ; J. D. Johnson, G. M. 2d vale. ; 
Henry Mingle, G. M. 1st vale.; J. F. Cook, treasurer; 
George A. Phipps, secretary ; William Iford, guard. Stated 
communications first Saturday evening after full moon. 
Chapter meets in Masonic building with lodge occupied by 
master masons. 

FRANKTON LODGE, NO. 290, F. AND A. M. 

Date of charter. May 27, 1863. The first officers were: 
A. G. Tomlinson, W. M.; WilUam R. Stoker, S. W.; 
Lafayette Osburn, J. W. ; A. B. Laughlin, S. D. ; W. L. 
Philpott, J. D. ; B. F. Beason, treasurer ; B.. C. Quick, 
secretary, and A. C. Williams, tyler. The present officers 
are : W. R. Stoker, W. M. ; John B. Mabit, S. W. ; Allen 
Rich wine, J. W. ; James C. Montgomary, treasurer ; A. H. 
Mulholland, secretary; J. L. Lane, S. D. ; James E. Prew- 
ett, J. D. ; A. J. Callahan, tyler. Noah Waymire, chap- 
lain. Total membership, forty-two. Stated communica- 
tion Saturday night on or before the full moon in each 
month. 

ALEXANDRIA LODGE NO. 235, F. A.ND A. M. 

Date of charter. May 25, 1858. Charter members : R. 
H. Hannah, W. M. ; Orrison Free, S. W. ; A. G. Tomlin- 
son, J. W. ; F. S. Sherman, treasurer; D. M. Scott, 
secretary ; T. G. Pickard, tyler. The present officers are: 
Solomon Perry, W. M. ; Peter Schwinn, S. W. ; Thomas 
McCown, J. W. ; Nathan O'Bryan, S. D. ; W. R. Perry, J. 
D. ; W. H. Miller, treasurer ; W. R. Bailey, secretary ; N. 
A. J. Lee, tyler ; Elias Fink and Robert Hughs, stewards. 
Number of members, eighty. This lodge owns their hall 
which is very neat and well furnished ; valued at $1,200. 

MADISON LODGE, NO. 44, F. AND A. M. 

Located at Pendleton. Date of charter May 24, 1842. 
List of first officers : Samuel D. L-ish, W. M.; Joseph 
Chitwood, S. W.; William Roach, J. W.; Archibald 
Cooney, treasurer; W. H. Mershon, secretary; Coradon 



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362 HISTORY OF 



Richmond, S. D.; John W. Walker, J. D.; George W. 
Poisal, tyler. Corner stone of hall laid 24th June, 1853. 
The hall is of brick ; the second story 24 by 36 ; is well 
carpeted and furnished. Has a membership of 62. The 
following are its present officers : G. N. Davidson, W. M.; 
John D. Johnson, S. W.; R. R. Gibbons, J. W.; W. F. 
Morris, treasurer ; Martin Chapman, jr., secretary ; John 
H. Hicks, S. D.; J. W. Kennaman, J. D.; Andrew Els- 
worth, tyler. This is the oldest Masonic lodge in the 
county, and has had upon its roll many excellent men, 
among whom we may mention Joseph Eastman, S. D. 
Irish, W. H. Marshon, Coradon Richmond, all of whom 
have been summoned to the Grand Lodge above. Among 
those living-, who have been co-workers in times past, are 
William Roach, J. W. Walker, William Silver, Ninevah 
Berry. 

ANDERSON LODGE, No. 114, F. AND A. M. 

This lodge, after working a year under dispensation, was 
granted a charter on May 30th, 1866. The following were 
its first officers: H. J. Blackledge, W. M.; J. W. Smith, 
8. W.; William Mitchell, J. W.; W. R. West, treasurer; 
J. N. Con well, secretary ; Alford Walker, S. D.; J. W. 
Miller, J. D.; E. B. Holloway, tyler. This lodge is in a 
flourishing condition, and has a membership of forty-one. 
They meet in the same hall as the other Masonic lodges of 
Anderson, in the third story over L. M. Tree's store, on the 
east side of the public square. The following are the pres- 
ent officers, elected on December 27th, 1873 : J. P. Barns, 
W. M.; James Carpenter, S. W.; C. C. Cain, J. W.; F. W. 
Shelley, treasurer; R. P. Falkner, secretary; H. J. Black- 
ledge, S. D.; C. F. Williams, J. D.; M. M. Rozell, tyler. 

R. A. MASONS, ANDERSON. 

This lodge was organized November the 3d, 1864, with 
the following officers: A. D. Williams, H. P.; William 
Roach, king ; E. J. Walden, scribe ; Samuel Forkner, C. H. ; 
M. Forkner, P. S. ; John Nelson, R. A. C. ; N. Perry, G. 
N. 3d vail; D. A. Clark, G. N. 2d vail; J. T. Makepeace, 



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MADISON COUNTY. 363 



G. N. 1st vail; Samuel Kiser, guard. The present oflBcers 
are A. D.Williams, H. P. ; N. Berry, kiug ; H. D. Thompson, 
scribe ; William Roach, C. H. ; Thomas J. Stephens, R. A. 
C; W. A. Hunt, G. N. 3d vail; A. Doyle, G. N. 2d vail; 
L. R. Webb, G. N. 1st vail; R. V. Atherton, guard. The 
total membership is sixty-nine. It meets in the same hall 
as the Blue lodges, in the third story, over L. M. Trees' 
store, on the east side of public square. 

MT. MORIAH LODGE, NO. 77, F. AND A. M. 

This lodge was organized at Anderson on June 1, 1849, 
with the following officers : Henry Wyman, "W. M. ; Adam 
Reed, S. W. ; Robert Woster, J. W. ; R. N. Williams, sec- 
retary ; Richard Lake, treasurer ; T. Ryan, S. D. ; Burkett 
Eads, J. D, and Gary T. Hoover, tyler. They met in the 
court house until the year 1852, when they met up stairs in 
the U. S. hotel for a few years. They then met over Hen- 
derson's drug store until the year 1866, when they rented 
the hall of T. N. Stillwell, which they now occupy, together 
with other Masonic lodges of the city. This is a splendid 
hall, twenty-four by eighty, with ample ante-rooms and is 
in the third story over L. M. Trees' store, on the east side 
of the square. This hall is well fitted up and finished in 
good style. The present officers are: James A. Thomp- 
son, W. M.; M. Atherton, S. W.; J. W. Falkner, J. W.; 
E. J. Walden, treasurer ; R. V. Atherton, secretary ; Wil- 
liam Kittinger, S. D.; George Hughel, J. D. ; Thomas Gee, 
tyler. The total membership is one hundred. 

PERKINSVILLE LODGB, NO. 247, P. A A. M. 

This lodge was organized under dispensation, June 3d, 
1858, with the following list of charter members: G. B. 
Grubbs, W. M.; F. H. Douglas, S. W.; J. C. Peck, J. W.; 
Z, Learning, treasurer; J. M. Garretson, secretary; M. 
Davis, S. D.; George House, J. D.; E. Hubbard, tyler. 
Charter granted May 25th, 1859. The present membership 
of this lodge is sixty-two. The names ot the present officers 
are as follows : Levi Benefield, W. M.; L. R. Webb, S. W.; 
W. H. Johnson, J. W.; M. Prewett, treasurer ; C. M. Du- 



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364 HISTORY OF 



Bois, secretary ; George Bauner, S. D. ; John Hendron, J. 
D.; George Sparrow, tyler. This lodge owns a comfortable, 
well furnished hall, and is, financially in a good condition. 
The stated communication of this lodge is Saturday, on or 
before the full moon n each month. 



ODD FELLOWS^ LODGES IN THE COUNTY. 

FRANKTON LODGE, NO. 388, I. O. O. F» 

This lodge is working under a legal charter granted by 
the Grand Lodge of the State of Indiana, January 19, 1872. 
The following is a list of chartered members : W. S. Phil- 
pott, Wm. Lee, F. M. Hunter, I. S. Boyden, H. Clenden, 
W. H. Quick. Names of the first officers : W. S. Philpott, N. 
G.; J. M. Wagner; V. G.; R. R. Cramer, sectretary ; C. 
C. Mays, 'treasurer. Names of the present officers: J. H. 
Van Valkenburg, N. G.; W. H. Quick, V. G.; W. J. 
French, secretary; John D. Gooding, treasurer. The 
present membership of this lodge is forty-eight. 



The author is indebted to J. W. Hardman for the fol- 
lowing history of 

PENDLETON LODGE, NO. 88, I. O. O. F. 

Was instituted at Pendleton on the 11th day of December, 
1850, by especial Deputy Grand Master William Henderson, 
of Fidelity Lodge, No. 59, at Newcastle, assisted by a number 
of brethren of that lodge. The charter members of this lodge 
were: Grand Representative George Brown, and Bros. G. W. 
Bailey, J. H. Tatman, James Calvert and Peter Shroyer. Af- 
ter the ceremonies of institution were over the following offi- 
cers were elected and installed : G. W. Bailey, N. G.; Jas. 
Beck, V. G.; W. M. Lummus, secretary ; George Brown, 
treasurer. The following brethren were initiated on the 
same evening : H. B. Franks, Joseph Bowman, Mose W. 
Hamilton, A. E. Russell, S. S. Ellis, W. M. Lummus, John 
W. Cassiday, S. D. Irish, J. T. Wall and James D. Irish. 
The first officers appointed were : S. D. Irish, right, and 
Joseph Bowman, left supporters of the N. G.; John T. 
Wall, warden ; John W. Cassiday, conductor ; A. E. Rus- 



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MADISON COUNTY. 365 

sell, inside guardian ; Moses W. Hamilton, outside guar- 
dian ; S. S. Ellis, right, and Harvey Sweet, left scene sup- 
porters ; H. B. Franks, right, and Jaiiaes Irish, left sup- 
porters. On the 2l8t day of January, 1851, the Grand 
Lodge of the State met in annual communication, when 
the dispensation under which this lodge had been working 
was displaced by a charter, containing, in addition to the 
names on the dispensation, those of J. C. Beck and Harvey 
Sweet. On the 3d day of January, 1851, the N. G. secre- 
tary and treasurer resigned their oflBces, and W. N. Lum- 
mus, A. E. Russell and 8. D. Irish were elected to succeed 
them. Of the subsequent history of the charter members 
and those who were admitted to membership on the even- 
ing of its institution, the records give the following : P. G. 
R. George Brown withdrew by card March 24, 1851 ; P. 
G. G. W. Bailey withdrew March 10, 1851 ; John C. Beck 
withdrew his membership March 17, 1851 ; Brothers Tat- 
man, Calvert and Shroyer were members of Fidelity Lodge, 
and reunited with it ; Harvey Sweet remained a member 
until his death. 

Of the members admitted on the evening of the first 
meeting, but two are active members of the order. A. E. 
Russell, M. W. Hamilton, H. B. Franks, were suspended 
for non-payment of dues, August 9, 1858. Joseph Bow- 
man withdrew by card September 4, 1851. M W. Hamil- 
ton withdrew his card June 10, 1853, and is now a member 
of Greenfield Lodge. A. E. Russell withdrew January 7, 
1867, and is now a member of Anderson Lodge. S. S. Ellis 
withdrew March 6, 1854. William Lummus withdrew 
July 17, 1858. J. W. Cassiday's connection with us ceased 
May 21, 1852. Samuel D. Irish was a faithful and con- 
sistent member of this lodge until the time of his death, 
which occurred April 14, 1864. His remains were borne 
to their last resting place by the members of the order. 
John T. Wall died July 11, 1873 — his funeral being one of 
the largest ever witnessed in the county. Mr. C. C. Gale, 
superintendent of th6 C, C, C. & I. R. R., in whose 
employ brother Wall was at the time of his death, caused 



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366 HISTORY OF 



special trains to be run for the accommodation of neighbor- 
ing lodges. Brethren were in attendance from the follow- 
ing lodges : Anderson, Fortville, Noblesville, McCords- 
ville, Perkinsville and Indianapolis. There have been 
admitted to membership in the lodge since its organization 
240 members. There are at present 80 contributing mem- 
bers on the roll. The degree of Rebecca has been conferred 
upon 43 ladies. The oldest member of the lodge is John 
D. Cottey, who was initiated January 17, 1853. William 
Chestnut was admitted by card May 23, 1853, and is sec- 
ond oldest member. Bros. Craven, Shanklin, J. R. Clark, 
and J. L. Ireland's connection with the order dates from 
June, 1853. Harvey Craven is the oldest past grand in the 
lodge. A. J. Scott and J. D. Johnson, come next in seni- 
ority. Promptness and accuracy have characterized the 
reports of this lodge to the Grand lodge of the Stata There 
have been but two occasions when the reports have come 
too late to be placed in the report of the Grand lodge, and 
never has the lodge been reported delinquent since its 
organization. 

Since its organization, the lodge has disbursed from its 
treasury the sum of $3,031.52, up to the 31st, 1873, 
for the relief of brothers, funeral benefits, educating orphans, 
and other charitable purposes. The smallest sum paid in 
any one year, four dollars, while the greatest amount paid 
in the same length of time, was $592.20. The resourses of 
the lodge on the 31st day of December amounted to the 
sum of $3,244.27. This is the oldest lodge in the county. 
Anderson lodge No. 131, has upon its record the names of 
A. E. Russell, S. D. Ives, S. S. Ellis, and Eli Franks, for- 
mer member of this lodge. The charter of Perkinsville 
lodge bears the names of John R. Boston, George Arm- 
strong, and M. C. Howard, of Pendleton lodge. Edwards 
lodge. No. 178, at Fortville, was organized by members 
entirely from this lodge; some of which organized the lodge 
at McCordsville. While some again, set up for themselves, at 
Lawrence. Pendleton lodge, therefore, justly claims to be 
the great grandmother of lodges in this locality. The fol- 



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MADISON COUNTY. 367 

lowing officers were installed on the evening of July 6, 1874, 
by D. G. Lewis, deputy grand master, of district No. 99. 
William Perry, N. G. ; Willian^ Iford, V. G ; recording 
secretary, A. J. Scott ; permanent secretary, W. S. Carter ; 
treasurer, John D. Johnson ; Samuel McKee, sitting past 
grand. The fire of friendship, love and truth, i^ kept burn- 
ing brightly on her alter. This lodge owns a hall well fur- 
nished. Their regular stated meetings are Monday even- 
ings of each week. • 

PERKINSVILLE LODGE NO. 207. I. O. O. F. 

This lodge was instituted October 5, 1859, with the fol- 
lowing charter members : T. S. Beckwith, J. H. Hough- 
man, Jacob Zeller, W. W. Boydon, J. M. Garretson, and 
F. M. Boydon. The present members are : T. L. Beck- 
with, J. M. Garretson, Warren Cole, John S. Houghman, 
James A. Perkins, J. E. Cook, J. T. Anderson, Luther Lee, 
T. H. C. Beal, A. S. Fisher, Greenberry Freeman, C. P. 
Albright, George Young, James H. Lewark, John E. New- 
ton, J. F. Ehoads, Joseph Earlywine, W. H. Lewark and 
E.C.Stephenson. This lodge has a hall of its own over 
Applegate & Lee's drug store. By some mishap we have 
failed to get the original and present officers of this lodge, 

ANDERSON LODGE, NO. 141, I. O. O. F. 

This lodge was instituted at Anderson, on the 18th day 
April, 1853, by a dispensation, and consisted of the follow- 
ing brothers and charter members : A. E. Russell, William 
Wilson, G R. Diven, J. N. Dickson, David Ryan, R. N. 
Clark, J. F. Hathaway and A. Mc Williams. A charter 
was granted by the Grand Lodge on July the 3d, 1853. 
This lodge now numbers one hundred members, and has a 
finely finished hall of its own, twenty-four by seventy feet. 
This hall was dedicated on January 7th 1874. The cere- 
mony was conducted by Schuyler Colfax, assisted by John 
McQuiddy, B. F. Foster and other Grand officers. The 
hall is finely finished and well supplied with fine jewels, 
regalias, and other emblems of the Order. They are 
entirely out of debt, and have everything in good working 



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368 HISTORY OF 



order. The lodge is twenty-one years old, and has in that 
time admitted by initiation one hundred and thiity-eight, by 
card deposited seventy-two, as Ancient Odd Fellows thirty- 
eight ; total, three hundred and eight ; and have buried eleven 
members. The present oflBcers are : H. H. Conrad, N. G.; 
John B. Taylor, V. G.; T. A. Howard, recording secretary ; 
G. W. Kline, perment secretary; Joseph Fulton, treasurer. 
The trustees are : G. W. Kline, R. N. Clark and J. P. 
Ellis. The representatives to the Grand Lodge : B. F. 
Spann and A. C. Davis. 

ODD FELLOWS LODGE, ALEXANDRIA. 

Necessity Lodge, No. 222, I. O. O. F., at Alexandria, 
was instituted on November 21st, 1860, with the following 
charter members : B. Heraiman, James Reader, Fred 
Cartwright, R. H, Cree, John Heagy, G. W. Kline, George 
Nichol, W. B. Makepeace, Hilt Myers and G. T. Hoover, 
The following are the present officers : W. H. Miller, N. 
G.; W. D. Lyons, V. G.; Frank Williams, secretary ; W. 
D. Kelley, treasurer; J. E, Inlow, permanent secretary. 
The lodge owns an excellent room, well fitted up and car- 
peted, upon the walls of which hang emblems of the order. 
This lodge is in a flourishing condition, and bids fair to 
become one of the best lodges in the county. 



THE GRANGE MOVE IN MADISON COUNTY. 

Below we give an account of the Granges as far as 
they have been received, giving date of charters, names of 
officers, time of meeting, etc. 

We at first intended to give the names in full of this and 
others in the county, but soon found this almost impossible 
considering the space it would require. The above order 
has swept down upon us like an avalance. It is yet too 
soon to judge of its results. There is at the time of this 
writing about twelve hundred enrolled in the county, conse- 
quently as far as number is concerned, a formidable order. 
And if conducted on proper principles will certainly result 



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MADB90N CX>UNTY. 369 

in good. There is a disposition of some to divert it from 
its original design, the elevation of the farmer, to that of 
degrading politics. This has been conducted by persons 
who have joined it with the hope of riding into office. 
These are designing men who have failed to be recognized 
as deserving men by the Democratic and Republican parties. 
It is to be hoped that the honest thinking men will go 
back to the first intentions of the order. This done they 
will have a grand work before them, that of intelligent 
farmers meeting together to exchange ideas, to discuss the 
best way to plow and plant, raise the standard of agricul- 
ture; for certainly it occupies too low a position. If the 
order will apply itself to a labor of this kind, it will have 
done a good work. Better this than floundering in the 
pool of politics where some would drag it. 

BOSTON GRANGE, NO. 1122, P. OP H. 

This grange was organized on December 23, 1873. The 
following were the officers : J. K. Boston, master ; F. Gal- 
liger, overseer; J. A. Hardy, lecturer; Theodore Hudson, 
steward ; James Collins, assistaQt steward ; Aaron Nibar- 
ger, chaplain; Lewis Stickler, treasurer; J. L. Fussell, 
secretary; J, Cranfield, gate keeper; Sarah Nibarger, 
Ceres ; Lucinda Stickler, Flora ; Ellie McPhearson, lady 
assistant steward ; Hachel Cranfield, Pomona. The num- 
ber of fourth degree members is forty-three. The times 
of meeting are the first and third Saturday's of each, month. 

RICHLAND GRANGE, NO. 464, P. OP H. 

This grange was organized on September 29th, 1873) by 
G. W. Lewis. The original officers were : David Croan, 
master ; J. C. Mathis, overseer ; Jonathan Dillon, secre- 
tary ; Joseph Keicher, lecturer ; Augustus Gardner, stew- 
ard ; Chancy Vermillion, assistant steward ; William Per- 
cell, gate keeper ; W. L. Mathis, chaplain ; Jane Bronen- 
berg, Ceres; Bell Bronenberg, Florae Elizabeth Mathis, 
Pomona; Amanda Blackledge, lady assistant steward. 
This grange meets at College Corn^ school house, in Rich- 
land township. 
24 



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* * 370 HISTORY OF 



BICHMON]>- CHAPEL GRASQIR, NO. 1167^ P. OF H. 

This grange was organized January 13, 1874, and at 
present numbers twenty-nine fourth degree members. The 
ioUowing are the names of the present officers : W. ]^ • 
Hankins, master; B. F. Lukens, overseer ; G. P. Flanagan, 
steward ; A. M. Gregory, assistant steward ; C. Downham, 
lecturer; Z. Rogers, chaplain ; W. P. Huntzinger, treasurer j 
B. Wise, secretary ;.S. M.Volen, gate-keeper; Hester A. 
Wise, Ceres ; Sarah Huntzinger, Pomona ; M. J. Lukens, 
Flora; Elizabeth Gregory, lady assistant steward. The 
following is a list of members : J. A. Jones, W. A. Bow- 
yer, S. Wynant, J. Huntzinger, D. -Bowyer, J. Wise, J. S. 
Adams, I. Rogers, J. M. Pavey, Cordelia E. Huntzinger, 
Sarah Adams, Nancy Bowyer, Polly Rogers, Martha E. 
Downham, Mary E. Wise, Malinda J. Pavey. 

MABKLEEILLE GRANGE NO. 625, P. OP H. 

This grange was organized October 12th, 1873, by Wm. 
G. Lewis, of Grant county, with thirty-seven charter mem- 
bers. At the last annual election the following named 
officers were elected : Benj^in F. Ham, master; William 
D. Judd, overseer ; Joseph R. Lakey, lecturer ; Eli Small, 
steward ; William Blake, assistant steward ; Joel McCarty, 
chaplain ; James M. Small, treasurer ; John Collier, secre- 
tary ; William Noland, gate keeper ; Louisa Collier, Ceres ; 
Nancy J. Blake, Pomona; Caroline Noland, Flora; Mary 
A Small, lady assistant steward. 

After the organization of this grange, the members 
thereof held their meetings in the church, one and one-half 
miles southeast of Markleville, generally known as the 
^^ Collier Church,^^ in which they met till early spring, when 
they saw fit to remove their place of meeting, to a more 
desirable place. They immediately appointed a committee 
to confer with the trustees of Rural Lodge No. 324, of F. 
:and A. Masons, for the purpose of ascertaining and pur- 
<^asing of them ihe hall in which they formerly met, but 
failed, and at present hold their meetings in Markleville, 
which is the center of their jurisdiction. 



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MADISON COUNTY. 371 



White Chapel Grange No. 989, consolidated with- Mar- 
kleville grange, Augast 10th, 1874, giving Markleville 
grange an additional membership of thirty-five, making the 
total number of members sixty-two. 

After oonsolidating, a new election was held in which the 
following officers were elected : 

James M. Lewis, master; James F. Mauzy, overseer; 
David Franklin, lecturer; Alonao Brown, steward; Wm. 
Blake, assistant steward ; Abisha Lewis, chaplain ; James 
M. Small, treasurer; Allen Boram, secretary ; Albert Coch- 
ran, gate keeper; Miss Laura Cunningham, Ceres; Mrs. 
Lou Ann Mauzy, Flora; Nancy J. Blake, Pomona, 
Mrs. Mary A. Small, lady assistant, steward. 

BUTTONWOOD GRANGE, NO, 891, P. OF H. 

This grange was organized November 6th, 1873, with 
sixteen charter members. The names of the present offi- 
cers are as follows : Andrew J. Delph, master ; George 
Sebrell, overseer; Carshena McAllister, lecturer; John 
Campbell, steward; John Jones, assistant steward; Jesse 
Shimer, chaplain ; Henry Davis, treasurer ; William A. 
Justice, secretary ; Saul Creason, gate keeper ; Mrs. Mary 
Johnson, Ceres; Mrs. Sarah Jones, Pomona ; Mrs. Catherine 
Campbell, Flora; Mrs. Jane Hardman, lady assistant steward. 
Since the organization of this grange there have been initia- 
tions to the number of twenty-nine, making the total mem- 
bership to May 25th, 1874, forty-five. 

PLEASANT GROVE GRANGE, NO. 495, P. H. 

This grange was organized by brother D. Tranberger, on 
the 21st day of October, 1873, by the eiiroUment of twenty- 
one charter members; fifteen males and six females. 

Names of charter members: Jasper Huffman, Alfred 
Valentine, C. M.Kynett, Christian Bodenhorn, Alexander 
Moore, Jacob Bodenhorn, William Bright, W. J. Passwa- 
ter, Jonathan Moore, J. W. Moore, Philip Schuyler, Will- 
iam Kynett, J. W. Hersberger, Isaac Stone, Noah Cook, 
Mrs. Betsy A. Bodenhorn, Mrs. Jane Stone, Mrs. Mary 
Passwater, Mrs. Calista F. Huffman, Mrs. Maria Kynett, 
Miss Amanda Hersberger. 



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372 HISTOftY OF 



The officers chosen at the annual election, on the 26th 
day of December, 1873, are as follows : Jasper Huffman, 
master; Alexander Moore, overseer; J. W. Hersberger, 
lecturer; Jacob Bodenhom, steward; James Valentine, 
assistant steward ; Christian Bodenhom, chaplain ; Alfred 
Valentine,; treasurer; William Kynett, secretary; Mrs. B, 
A» Bodenhom, Ceres; Mrs. M. Kynett, Pomona; Mrs. C. 
F. Huffman, Flora; Mise A. Hersberger, lady assistant 
steward. 

Committee on finance : C. Bodenhom, A. Moore, J. W. 
Hersberger. 

Committee of relief: J. W. Hersberger, Isaac Stone, A. 
Moore, Mrs. B. A. Bodenhom, Miss A. Hersberg«r, Mrs. 
M Passwater. 

Trustees : W. Bright, J. Bodenhom, I. Stone. 

Since the organization of this grange, twenty-seven mem- 
bers have been received ; sixteen males and eleven females, 
making the total number fort) -eight. Two members have 
been received by dimit. No members have withdrawn or 
dimitted from this grange. No deaths have occurred. The 
sick have been cared for. The quarterly dues have been 
promptly paid to the State grange. • So it may be said that 
this grange is in a healthy, prosperous condition, and that 
they are determined to work on till the great objects of the 
organization are accomplished. 

ANDEESON GBAN6E, NO. 520, P. OF H. 

This grange was organized on the 10th day of October, 
1873. There were then enrolled twenty charter members, 
and by the first day of September, 1874, we increased our 
membership to forty-five. The officers chosen at the last 
annual election in December were as follows: William 
Vandevender, W. master ; Wilson Cory, secretary. 

ADAMS GRNAGE, NO. 590, P. OF H. 

This grange was organized on the 9th day of October^ 
1873, by Wm. G. Lewis. , There were then enrolled 15 
charter members, 11 males and 4 females; since which 
time there have been additions made by initiation to the 



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MADISON COUNTY. 373 



number of 28^ 18 males and 10 females, and 8 admitted by 
dimit ; 4 have withdrawn to join other granges, and 1 has 
' died, so that the present membership is 41 members in good 
standing. Names of charter members : Jeremiah Hicks, 
James P, Moneyhon, William Fort, William Carmany, 
John Somerville, Albert T. McAllister, David Stinson, 
John W. Alshire, Enoch Adams, Randal Biddle, John W. 
McAllister, Mrs. Ida M. Carmony, Mrs. Emzetta Hicks, Mrs. 
A. E. Somerville, Mrs. Catherine Moneyhon. The present 
officers are as follows: James P. Moneyhon, master; Adam 
Forney, overseer; Seth Hays, lecturer; Randal Biddle, 
steward; Albert T. McAllister, assistant steward; Michael 
Stohler, treasurer; William Carmany, secretary; William 
Fort, gate-keeper; Miss Susan Hays, Ceres; Miss Jennie 
Catron ; Pomona ; Mrs, Catherine Moneyhon, Flora ; Miss 
Evaline Gilmore, lady assistant steward. 

Committee on Finance — Adam Forney, Randal Biddle, 
John A. Sebrell. 

NORMAL GRANGE, NO. 218, P. OF H. 

This grange was organized by Wm. G. Lewis. The date 
of charter is July 3d, 1873. The officers elected at time of 
organisation were : F. M. Wood, master ; A. E. Swain, 
secretary. Normal grange at present numbers thirty-eight 
members. The names of the present officers are : Robert 
Oallaway, master ; F. M. Wood, secretary. 

PALIi CREEK GRANGE, NO. 544, P. OF H. 

The present membership of this grange is thirty-four. 
James F. Jones, master ; James C. Jordan, secretary. 

UNION GRANGE, NO. 422, P. OP H. 

The present membership of this grange is fifty. The 
names of the present officers are as follows : John Jester, 
master; Daniel Noland, overseer; J. S. Diltz, lecturer; 
Silas Shimer, steward; John Shimer, assistant steward; 
Joseph Smith, chaplain ; G. W. Tucker, treasurer ; Henry 
Bronenberg, secretary ; R. L. Graines, gate keeper ; Sirena 
Noland, Ceres ; Lydia Smith, Pomona ; Mary E. Jester, 
Flora; Hettie Shimer, lady assistant steward. Union 



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374 HISTORY OF 



gnuige meets on Friday night on or before the fbll moon in 
each month, at the Folkn^ school konse in Union town- 
ship; two miles southwest of Chesterfield. 

BAOEON OBAN0E, KG. 348, P. OF H. 

Organized July 12th, 1873, by the enrollment of thirty- 
three charter members, twenty-three males and ten females, 
since which time there have been eleven initiated, making 
the total membership at present forty-four. The following 
are the officers : P, 8. Baker, master ; S. P. Painter, over- 
seer ; William Miller, steward ; George Morris, assistant 
steward ; J. W. Cox, lecturer ; J. H. Thurston, treasurer ; 
M. H. Hannon, secretary , Henry Fay, gate keeper ; Mrs. 
Hattie Hannon, Ceres ; Mrs. D. C. Painter, Flora ; Mrs. 
Susan Cox, Pomona ; Mrs. M. E. Thurston, lady assistant 
steward. 

HUNTSVILLE GRANGE^ NO. 1,166, P. OF H. 

This Grange was organized January 9th, 1874, by Benj. 
F. Ham, with an enrollment of thirteen charter members, 
since which time there have been additions made to the 
number of twenty-five, making the total membership thirty- 
eight. The names of the present officers are as follows : 
Ben. F. Aiman, master ; James Quinlan, overseer ; Robert 
Hileman, lecturer; Alexander Rumler, steward; B. B. 
Tillson, assistant steward ; Livi Miller, chaplain ; Theodore 
Hileman, treasurer ; Charles B. James, secretary ; P. A. 
Helvy, gate keeper; Amy Miller, Ceres; Almira Rumler, 
Pomona ; Barbary A. Helvry, Flora ; Martha Zion, lady 
assistant steward. Beeeiyed dispension April 10th, 1874. 

OCEOLA ORANGE, NO. 342, P. OF H. 

This grange was organized on the 7th day of August, 
1873, by Wm. G. Lewis, of Grant county, Indiana. The 
names of the present officers are as follows : W. H. Black, 
master ; W. C. Stephen, overseer ; J. B. McMahan, secre- 
tary ; A. J, Gilliam, treasurer. 

MANBING OBAKOE, NO. 357. 

This grange was organized August 28, 1873, by Kilby 
Ferguson, at Manring school house, district No. 5, Monroe 



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MADISON COF2irrY. 875 



township^ at which time thirty-five candidates for initiation 
were enrolled. The officers elected were Jesse H. Hall, W. 
M.; John Casseil, treasurer, and N. H. ISfanring, secretary* 
The date of charter is September 11, 1873. The number 
of charter members is twenty-nine, and the total member- 
ship forty-five. The times of meeting are the first and third 
Thursdays of each month. Charter members: Winford 
Walker, John M. Walker, Jesse H. Hall, Samuel Cassell, 
S. H. Buck, Noah A. Adams, Elijah Beck, H. H. Markle, 
John Cassell, John M. Cree, John D. Markle, G. L. Cun- 
ningham, A. J. Bowers, N. H. Manring, John W. Markle, 
Laban Dobson, A. A. Manring, W. W. McMahan, John 
Day, Joseph Draper, Louisa J. Hall, Mary A. Cassell, 
Martha C. Manring, Ruth Sloan, Mary J. Babbitt, Lucretia 
Wilson, Elizabeth Hall, Sarah F. Qwsell, Mary E. Buck. 

CHARITY GBAKOE NO. 588. 

Was organized October the 6th, 1873, by deputy master 
W. G. Lewis, with the following officers: Master, J. §. 
Guysinger ; overseer, George Free ; steward, P. A. Childers; 
assistant steward, George W. Keller; lecturer, William H. 
Funk; chaplain, William M. Wilson; treasurer, Lenox 
Gooding; secretary, H. C. Bodkin; gate keeper, James 
Comer; Ceres, Amelia Comer; Flora, Libia Hannah; 
Pomona, Margarette Gooding; lady assistant steward, 
Amanda Guysii^er. Total membership, fifty. Regular 
meeting Thursday evening on or before each full moon. 

FISHEBaBEBO GBANOB ISO. 554. 

Date of charter October the 8fch, 1873. Names of 
officers, Harvey Gwinn, master; Charles Abger, overseer; 
Matthias Conrad, lecturer; Albert J. Gibbs, chaplain; 
Barnard Crqgson, steward; Bobert Gibbs, assistant stew- 
ard; Henry Anderson, gate keeper; Zacariah Hoffinan, 
treasurer; Harrison Quick, secretary. Sarah A. Busby, 
Ceres ; Melisa Gentry, lady assistant steward* Total mem- 
bership, twenty-four. 



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HISTORY OF 



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378 HISTORY OF 



MADISON CX)UNTY SOLDIERS IN THE CIVIL 

WAR. 

The author would do great injustioe to the soldiers of the 
late war who went from Madison county, if he did not give 
their names a place in this work. A more extended notice 
would be given, but the number of them, and many other 
matters, forbid. We will, therefore, simply give the com- 
pany and regiment, date of muster, when and where 
wounded, when and where killed, when and where 
discharged. Of course there will be some mistakes 
among so many names. We copy from the adjutant 
generaPs report. In looking over this report, we find the 
names of some soldiers of this county, charged with deser- 
tion, which in some cases are doubtless correct, and properly 
reported. On the other hand, there are many who are not 
deserving of this grave charge. These have been set in 
proper light since, by the proper authoi^ies, and have 
drawn their back pay, and soAie placed upon the pension 
roll. And for fear of doing anyone injustice, none will be 
reported as deserters, in this work. While we regard deser- 
tion as a grave charge, we are inclined to be lenient to the 
'soldiers, some of whom doubtless left their comrades in the 
field without leave, expecting in good faith to return. In 
this way we are inclined to think the charge of desertion 
should be omitted, as we would rather ten would go free 
than charge one innocent soldier with this infamous act. 
Then with all honor to the boys in blue, we will try and 
place you all in the right roll of your country's defence. 



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