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For several years it has been my ambition to prepare and compile a History 
of Madison County. That time has been delayed until in the fall of 1914 when 
arrangements were made with The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company of Chicago 
to act as Supervising Editor of the first volume. Mr. W. L. Kershaw was 
employed to do the writing and compiling from the large source of material 
at hand. 

The manuscripts of the late Andrew J. Hoisington, of Great Bend, Kan^s, 
who in the year 1905 gathered much valuable material for the purpose of pub- 
lishing a History of Madison County, were secured through the kindness of his 
.sister, Mrs. Samuel Johnson, of Union Township. (Read the Life of Andrew 
J. Hoisington in Volume Two.) Much of the material from this manuscript was 
incorporated in this History. 

Another source was from the material collected by the Madison County 
Historical Society since its organization in 1904. All papers presented before the 
Historical Society are preserved as well as other matter of historical value. Much 
of this material was drawn upon for this History. 

Also the two histories, viz: Davies' History and Directory of Madison County, 
published in 1869, and The History of Madison County, published in 1879, were 
used. These two books were written at a time when many of the early pioneers 
were still living who knew much of the beginning of things in Madison County. 
Nearly all those persons have passed away, which makes the collecting of early 
history more difficult. 

The newspaper files of the Winterset papers, especially the special historical 
numbers published at various times by The Madisonian, The Reporter, The News, 
and The Winterset Review, were freely used. 

To all the above sources we make due acknowledgment for the data which 
was drawn upon for the present History. 

We wish to express our sincere thanks to the Advisory Board for their advice 
and assistance rendered ; also to the many members of the Madison County His- 
torical Society who have at different times presented papers before the society. 
These papers have been used quite extensively in this volume. 

We especially express our appreciation to the persons named below and make 
due acknowledgment of the same at this time. Two of them have passed away 
but their many kind and noble deeds live in the hearts of those who were 
privileged to know them, viz : W. S. Wilkinson and Mrs. Jennie Lothrop Whedon. 

The names of the authors and the subjects written by them which appear 
in this History are as follows : 

W. S. Wilkinson: "The Big Snake Hunt," "As a Boy Saw It," "Early 
Schools, Religion, and Politics," and "The Buffalo Mills." 

E. R. Zeller: Biographies of Andrew J. Hoisington and Judge J. A. Pitzer, 
and "History of the Kentucky Settlement." 


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T. C. Gilpin : "History of the Presbyterian Church of Winterset," "History 
of Pitzer Post, G. A. R., Winterset," "History of Evening Star Lodge, A. F. & 
A. M., Winterset." 

James Gillespie : "History of the Irish Settlement of Madison County." 

W. H. Lewis : "How the Courthouse Was Taken by the Board of Supervisors," 
"Winterset in 1864." 

George Storck : '^History of the German Settlement of Jefferson Township," 
"History of the Farmers' Mutual Insurance Company of Madison County." 

D. B. Cook: "History of the Quakers in Madison County." 

Ezra Brownell : "History of the Grange Movement in Madison County." 

Mrs. Jennie Lothrop Whedon : "History of the W. R. C. and of the Chapters 
in Madison County." 

A. E. Goshorn : "The Geology of Madison County." 
• Samuel Fife : "Reminiscences of South Township in an Early Day." 

Fred Beeler : "Early Days in Walnut Township." 

The Supervising Editor in the past fifteen years has gathered much material 
and has written several articles for the Historical Society. This material and- 
papers were also used in the first volume. 

'As the manuscript is not before me at this writing, it is possible that mention 
of some persons who have contributed has not been made, so at this time I want 
to make acknowledgment to all who have in any way helped to make this History 

The History may not reach the expectations of many, not even the Supervising 
Editor, but if it has served the one mission of collecting and preserving history 
to future generations some good will have been accomplished. Doubtless there 
will be much valuable historical matter which will be omitted which possibly 
should not have been, but it will be for the reason that such facts were not known 
or were overlooked by the Supervising Editor. That it will be free of errors is 
almost an impossibility. Memories of persons are not always reliable, dates are 
not always safe to handle, and names are easily twisted, so to make a history 
»vithout errors creeping in would be a task seldom ever accomplished. 

I trust that this History will meet the approval of all who have a real interest 
in Madison County, and who have its history and its people at heart. 

Again thanking the many persons who have encouraged and assisted in the 
gathering and writing of this volume, and with a promise that in the future a 
better and large history may be written, 

I remain, respectfully yours, 

H. A. Mueller, 

Supervising Editor. 

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Madison's advance guard of civilization 20 






















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THE "underground RAILROAD" 183 











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(By Arthur Goshom, Editor the News) 

All my life I have delighted in the outdoors and lived in it as much as 
possible. I believe I can say to this society that this liking i^ real, not assumed. 
The bug has always been in me and it is yet there. I could always understand 
the man in James Whitcomb Riley*s poem who said he liked to go into the 
woods and do 

"Just as I dum please, 
When the green 
Is on the trees." 

As a very little child I had the old gully that cuts into the shore, or at least the 
shallows, of the old Carboniferous Sea, which you know as Kipp's Hollow, and 
which I knew as Bradfield's, for a playground. The fossils of its rocks were 
my first playthings. Its little brook ran through our calf lot, and it was the first 
thing I ever dammed. 

One of the first questions that I ever asked myself was why some of its 
rocks were red, and round aCnd smooth. Why the pebbles were round and 
smooth, and why some of the rocks were flat and white, and seemed to grow in 
the ground, and how the funny shells got into them. Why some of the soil was 
black, and some red, and some yellow. 

A sarcastic teacher came nearly preventing all outward expression of this 
liking for the outdoors by assigning us a nature topic, and then singling out my 
little effort, and ridiculing it before the whole school, characterizing it as stolen 
gush. It was not stolen; it was not gush. But her sarcastic words hurt so 
bitterly, the gibes of my none too gentle companions cut so deep, that it was 
years before I dared tell anyone that it was not just for the hunting that I 
explored every crook and turn of every one of Middle River's ravines, and 
hunted its rock exposures ; and that it was not the passionate love of fishing alone 
that made me get acquainted with every riffle on the river, and every peculiarity 
of its bed. 

Sarcasm and ridicule are cruel weapons and make ugly wounds. A home 
thrust may easily change the bent of one's mind, or the course of his whole life. 
A few years teaching, and many in the newspaper business have made me know 
that every man, every woman, and every child is pleased by praise; and that 

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every man, every woman, and every child is deeply hurt by sarcasm or ridicule, 
no matter how indifferent to it he may appear to be, or how invulnerable he 
looks. And he who is addicted to their use may well pause before he lances his 

It is only in late years, anyhow, that healthy men and women have taken 
possession of the outdoors. It is only in late years that an active business man 
in vigorous health dared get up and say that he liked outdoors, and that he 
could see beauty in the landscape, and in the sky's coloring, and that he liked it 
just because he liked it, and did not care who in Sam Hill knew it, without 
being set down as weak minded, cracked, sentimental, and a gusher. 

As a boy, as an older boy, as man, I tramped over the wooded hills of Middle 
River and explored every bit of its ravines and hollows and its rock exposures ; 
and as an indifferent student of geology studied its structure until I came to 
think that perhaps I had an idea how it was formed. It is only because of this 
lifetime acquaintance, tramping its hills and its valley from one end of it to the 
other as perhaps few have tramped it that I presumed to impose on your time 
and perhaps offer a few suggestions that may be of value when you once fairly 
start into the study of its geology, in whatever branch you may take up. 

And believe me when you undertake this work, even if you do not take it 
seriously, you have an intensely interesting subject in one of the most interest- 
ing bits of geological formation in Iowa. And you and I know that not in the 
the whole state is there another valley so peculiarly made, so grandly cut in 
canyon walls, as that of the ancient valley below us. In taking up its study you 
are at least out of doors in Iowa's finest scenery. 

If you believe in the conclusions of the men who have made the structure 
of the earth a lifetime study, you must believe in boundless, limitless time. Not 
time as it suggests itself to you in minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, years, or 
even centuries; but ages, ages upon ages, millions upon millions of years, a 
vast abyss of time, in which your lifetime and mine would be but a clock's tick, 
or the passing of an electric spark. One can hardly conceive of such time. It 
is one of the few things the human mind cannot grasp ; for like space, it had no 
beginning, neither will it have end. 

All the earth at your feet, every bit of soil, all its clays, all its rocks, except a 
very few, are but ground up rock, rock ground over and over again and deposited 
by wind on land, or by rivers on their flood plains, or carried out in solution 
or as silt and sand to the beds of lakes or seas. It may be in varying degrees 
of hardness and of fineness, but nevertheless it is all ground up, igneous rock 
which we only know as granites and quartz. Pick up a bit of it and perhaps you 
can see the sand in it. Examine it under the microscope and it is all rock, every 
bit of it, except a little vegetable mold called humus. 

When the earth cooled sufficiently to allow the moisture in its air envelope 
to collect on the igneous rock — for the whole body of the earth is supposed to be 
fire heated rock — in wrinkles and depressions on its face, into seas and oceans, 
the formation of the land as we know it commenced. If one's imagination be the 
least vivid he can picture the world in formative stages a veritable battle of the 
elements, so awful in its magnificence, so terrifying in its aspects, so staggering 

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in its proportions that he will shiver in terror and draw bed clothes, child-like, 
over his head. 

Hissing, half molten rocks hurled back scalding, boiling seas ; tempests com- 
pared to which our awful cyclones would be but tiny wind storms, swept its 
surface. Explosions compared to which Sumatra's eruption that twice belted the 
earth with its dust would have been a pop gun's report, shattered its dense 
atmosphere. Earthquakes that hourly threw up mountain chains only to demolish 
them again and bury them in ocean depths, rocked it. Lightning played a con- 
stant tattoo in huge bolts on rock and sea, for there was no land then. 

Some fireworks that! But it must have been under some such conditions 
amid some such terrifying scenes, after the earth became somewhat stable, that 
the wind and water commenced the attack on the igneous rock, to manufacture 
them into the earth as we know it. And it was only after it had become stable, 
. allowed something permanent, that w^ commence to read its history in the 
deposits of the old seas. 

And such has been the length of time since that has happened, since the sur- 
face of the earth became permanent or cooled, that there has been deposited 
over almost all of the face of the earth these sedimentary or manufactured 
rocks or clays from a few hundred feet to thirteen miles in thickness. Such a 
deposit seems incredible, but again you must go back to time, and allow enough 
for it. How much time you may not name, but your guess, if you but guess 
large enough, is just as good as that of the most scientific man's. 

But whether you believe in this nebular hypothesis of the world's forma- 
tion, that it developed from a molten body and that it had grown to its full 
size before the wind and water commenced their work, or whether you believe 
in the later and now very generally accepted theory, the Planetesimal theory 
of the growth of the earth and the moon from slow accumulations from an 
earth-moon ring, and that the oceans and rivers and the wind began their work 
long before either body had attained its present size, is not material now. We 
are concerned with the time in which our own country, or at least the face of it, 
was formed. There is too much in geology, too much of it in our own topic to 
even scratch it in — whatever this paper is. 

If we would go out in Mrs. Whedon's yard and dig or bore down with a 
diamond drill, a core drill, eight hundred feet and stretch the boring out, it would 
be nearly three blocks long. 

1. You would find one to three feet of black dirt. That is loess, a wind 
deposit, mixed with vegetable mold, and it was brought here by the wind. 

2. A foot -or two of buff loess that has been little mixed .with vegetable 

3. Between thirty and forty feet of glacial drift and residual limestone 
clays. The drift was deposited by glaciers ; the residual clays are either decom- 
posed rock, or clay not hardened into rock, and were deposited in the sea bed. 

4. One hundred and fifty feet of alternating layers of limestone and 'shales 
that were deposited in a carboniferous sea, the last water that covered Madison 
County — the Bethany limestones of the carboniferous. 

5. Six hundred feet of alternating beds of limestones and shales and clays 
that were deposited in the first carboniferous sea that covered the county, or 

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at least part of it. You might find a bed of coal in it. How much more of the 
formation of that old carboniferous sea is there no one knows, for 800 feet out 
on the old Newlon farm, just beyond North River, is as far down as boring has 
been made. A deeper boring was made^ by the Great Western at Peru, but its 
record is not public. 

Whether this carboniferous formation rests on the Devonian formation, 
the age preceding it, we do not know, and will not know until a deeper boring 
has been made. If it does, we were a long time under water. 


Discussing Middle River's ancient valley we shall only consider its structure. 
Middle River Valley is the oldest one by far in this part of the state. It is very, 
very old and has successfully withstood the attacks of glaciers. Compared with 
our valley the country to the west and north of us, and their rivers, are very new 
and very recent. 

All we really know of the county is that its top, after, of course, removing 
the drift and the loess, was laid down in the bottom of a carboniferous sea. 
And since it was deposited the earth here was not violently disturbed at any 
time for the strata of clays and limestone He in our hills, layer upon layer, not 
wrinkled, exactly like the layers of a jelly cake. You can trace a bed of lime- 
stone clear across the county. You can find that bed of shale from which they 
make the tile at the tile works, at Peru, on Cedar and on North River and North 
Branch. The bed of limestone, from which you gather so many fossils in Kipp's 
Hollow, is the very same one which lies on the very top of the Backbone and, 
if you are not able to identify it by the rock, you can do it by the fossils in it. 

The lower valley lies wholly within the coal measures which are here in 
Iowa called the Des Moines. The coal measures are exposed along Middle River 
as far west as the Backbone. There is no coal to speak of in the formation 
exposed and whether there is any deeper down we do not know, for the explorers 
for coal have drilled so foolishly and unwisely that we know little about it. 
The first coal boring that I know of was made years ago in that little round 
glen below Dabney's Lake. At the Mardis Brick Yard a syndicate bored down 
from the top of the hill. A little geological knowledge would have sent them 
to the river's bottom and saved 150 feet of drilling. An old man bored or 
tunneled into the hill in Young's Hollow, east of town, and the shaft is there 
yet. Bailey, who drills wells, says that only small coal veins are encountered in 
the Des Moines formation. Tilton and Bain are of the opinion that somewhat 
deep borings in the northeast part of the county may find coal and that pockets 
may be found. That old carboniferous sea stretched from Fort Dodge in Iowa 
to Keokuk, and from What Cheer to Winterset and beyond. It covered the 
whole ^of Western Missouri and Eastern Kansas and stretched into Oklahoma 
and Arkansas. 

How the coal was made we do not exactly know. There are just as many 
theories as there are geologists. 

Certain it is that during the carboniferous time vegetation in luxuriousness 
such as the earth does not now know grew over its face, and that in its slimy. 

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oozy swamps, trees grew and fell, and were converted into coal. In its muggy, 
moist climate, such as geologists picture it to be, ferns grew to huge trees and 
lower plant life into sizes such as we can scarcely conceive. All the coal in 
Iowa seems to have been deposited along the Des Moines River from Fort 
Dodge to Keokuk. 


When the country east of Tileville rose out of the great sea or swamp, the 
country around Winterset remained submerged until two hundred feet or more 
of rocks and clays had been formed. 

Winterset must have been close to the edge of the sea and if not on the very 
shore was not far out in the shallows. The abundant fossils of the rock are good 
evidence of being close to shore, for marine life in such quantities lives close to 
the beach or in the shallows of the sea. The rocks disappear at Tileville and while 
Winterset was submerged Patterson and Bevington and the country to the north- 
east was out of water. The last carboniferous sea extended from Earlham down 
into Missouri. It extended far west. When they bored the deep well in Clarinda, 
they came upon our rocks 600 feet down and found them of the same character 
and nearly of the same thickness and separated by about the same shales as they 
are here. At Bethany, Missouri, they are exposed, and Bethany gives our rocks 
their names as they were first described there. Bethany lies south of here. 

I remember, when yet a small boy, I went with my uncle and grandmother 
to Missouri to get three wagon loads of peaches. None grew here then and it 
was a common thing to do. The peaches rotted and coming home we stopped in 
the rocky bed of a river about the size of Middle River, near Bethany, Missouri, 
to can some peaches and make peach butter. The hills had a famiHar look, .the 
rocks had too. It reminded me of and looked much like home. 

We had not been in camp long until, prodding into the bank I found a fine 
specimen of Cameratus, a spirifer that is quite common in our own rocks. I 
soon dug up other kinds common to our rocks, and promptly named them. And 
when on closer investigation I saw our own rocks reproduced bed for bed, the 
hills resembling our own hills, our clays, the rocky river and all that, the home 
longing came over me so strong that I could not go back to camp. Uncle laughed 
at me when I told him we had the same rocks at Winterset, but I proved it to 
him by the fossils. Grandmother eased it over for me by saying that if these 
were our rocks and the stream like Middle River there surely must be bass in 
the pools, and sent me to catch her one. I did, I caught three in ten minutes 
and permitted my brother to make our share of the peach butter after that. 
Incidentally I might mention that it was on this same trip, near Plattsburgh, in 
another rocky hollow, going down, that great flocks of wild pigeons passed over 
us morning and evening, the last time I ever saw the bird whose mysterious 
and complete disappearance so suddenly has sorely perplexed ornithologists. 

There are four beds of the Bethany limestone. The top one is the Fusulina, 
a thin shaly rock, in many places so full of fossils you could not stick in another 
if you tried. 

The second bed is the Winterset limestone, our fine white building rock that 

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is hs^ndsomer, stronger, than any other Iowa limestone, and far superior to Bed- 
ford stone. Some day all the best houses in Iowa will be built from it. With its 
shales and clays it varies from twenty to forty feet thick. There are miles of 
it exposed. 

The third bed is the Earlham limestone, named because of the exposures at 
Earlham. It, too, is fine building rock and from it was burned the excellent 
lime in the old lime kilns that were once in every hollow near Winterset. The 
Earlham limestone and shale is from thirty to forty feet thick. 

. The fourth bed is the Fragmental, a fine rock but little used, because it lies 
deep and there is so much good rock above it. It varies in thickness and with 
its shales is from ten to thirty feet in depth. All the rocks are fine cement 
rocks and with their shales produce the best cement. 

When the country slowly emerged from that carboniferous sea in which 
our limerock was deposited it rose up in a great plain. Middle River was not 
there, neither was the valley. There were no hills, no ravines. It was as flat 
and probably as unrelieved as this floor. There may have been lakes on its 
surface, but judging from all that is left, the country, drawing a line from 
Truro to Earlham, through Winterset, was flat without a hill in it. It tipped 
or sloped gently to the northeast. And then the water commenced to make our 
country as we know it by gouging out the ravines and carrying down the soil 
and clays to the Mississippi Delta. 

Every hill and every valley we have in the county was caused by erosion. 
The material that once lay between is now down in the Mississippi Delta. 
The limestone restricted the erosion in the western two-thirds of the county. 
Middle River cut deep through the rocks, but it cut its gorge narrow, as rivers 
always do in hard rocks. We are, right here, 200 feet above the bed of the river 
where John Holloway cuts his ice a mile away. Patterson is 230 feet below us 
and Bevington is about thirty feet more. Earlham, Winterset and Truro are 
about on the same level, and all lie on ridges that have been little eroded, held 
up by the underlying limestone and the tough residual clays. 

The escarpment at the eastern edge of the limestone is one of the unique 
features of the geology of the county, and is the only one that I know of in Iowa 
that marks the jump from one geological period to another. Just the moment 
you go out of the limestone you will notice that the country is lower, that the 
erosion has been greater, the hills longer, the ridges sharper, and the soil is 
different. The big flat topped divides, which are characteristic of the north- 
west part of the county, were saved to us by the limestone which resisted the 
action of the water. 

In the western part of the county the glacial drift covered everything deep, 
and again the country is rough and the ridges sharp because the drift easily 
erodes. Adair County was covered deep by the drift, and that is what makes it 
so hilly. 

You can trace how Middle River cut its way up the valley bench by bench 
on the sides of the ravines, for they plainly mark a period of rest from the 
cutting. One of these benches or terraces the Buffalo Road partially follows. 
It is very marked on the opposite side of the ravine. 

Doubtless at the edge of that escarpment when the river commenced to cut 

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its way back through the limestone were fine waterfalls. I do not see how any 
such a place as the Devil's Backbone could have been cut without the presence 
of falls. But Middle River is now so old that where it cuts through the rock its 
passage over the different beds is marked only by riffles. Every riffle on a river 
marks a limestone crossing, or else a different clay bed. 


And then, after it had cut its deep way through the county the whole North 
American continent got on a bender. A great climatic » change came over it, 
or it rose up some two thousand feet or more. It was not a "hot time," but this 
continent certainly elevated itself at least that much more than it now lies above 
the level of the sea. Some geologists give it almost a mile. Again your guess 
is just as good as anyone's, and mine as good as that of the most learned 
geologist. A great ice sheet came pouring down over the country. It was not 
a glacier such as exists today, but a great ice cap like the one that covers Green- 
land, and which flows irresistibly like a river. It did things to this country, 
and to Middle River Valley, but it did not disfigure this section around Winterset 
anything like it did in other places. 

Imagine a great wall of ice, a hundred, two hundred, five hundred, two 
thousand feet thick, flowing down over a land, planing the surface off, obliterat- 
ing its hills, filling up its valleys, leveling it down like a huge King road drag 
does the street: that was the Kansan glacier, so called because it was the only 
one that crossed the Missouri River into Kansas. The continent was covered 
with successive ice sheets, but Calvin and Bain say that only one of them, the 
Kansan (it was the first), ever touched Madison County. 

Imbedded in its body and on its surface, it bore a vast amount of material — 
dirt, sand, rock, that it tore from the country to the north. Whenever you find 
a big red or yellow boulder in this country, or for that matter any kind of a 
rock that is not limestone, you may be sure the glacier has been there. A boulder 
or niggerhead was brought here by the ice, and its parent ledge may be way up 
in Canada, in Minnesota or Northern Wisconsin. Tilton says that the country 
between Winterset and Peru looks surprisingly like a driftless country, but I 
have never yet found any great extent of cotmtry in the county that is free from 
glacial drift. What I never saw is a boulder up on top of Middle River's divide. 
One of the most interesting and exasperating geological problems that you meet 
in studying the surface of the county is to separate the drift clays from the clays 
that were left on top of the limestone, when the old carboniferous sea was here. 
But whenever you find the clay mixed with pebbles you instantly recognize the 
glacier's work. 

If the Kansan glacier did not leave its mark on top of this ridge where 
Winterset stands it was all around it. The red "niggerheads" that came from 
Canada and Minnesota, or perhaps from further northeast, strew Buffalo Hollow 
and Kipp's Hollow is full of them. Cedar has plenty, Many of the surprises 
that come to the well diggers come from the freaks of that old glacier and it is 
never safe to count on anything when digging far down into the clays — the 
glacier may fool you. 

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The drift deposited by the Kansan glacier here, was, to say the least, sur- 
prisingly thin. It covered the eastern part pretty deep, and the southwest part 
of the county to the depth of fifty to three or four hundred feet. But right near 
Winterset its work seems to have been largely confined to erosion. You can find 
the glacial scratches on the lime rocks, so "Skinner" Rodgers tells me, any 
place where you start a quarry and get far enough back so you do not hit the 
weathered rock. I never saw any of them, though when the old state quarry 
was opened down Kipp's Hollow, I spent all the time I could steal watching them 
uncover the top rock. 

Middle River suflFered little from the glacier. Like all the rest of the valleys 
of the county it lay nearly at right angles to the glacier's course. Calvin thought, 
and so did Tilton, that when the big glacier swooped down on the country it 
filled the valleys with ice and then flowed on over their tops. You do not find 
many big boulders down in the valley. You do find them in the ravines. On 
the hillside just west of the Hogback Bridge on North River is the biggest 
boulder I know of in the county. It must be half as large as this room. From 
the Backbone west the glacier must have plowed the valley full in places, for it 
is yet half filled. And from the western edge of the county in Adair the stream 
runs entirely over the drift. 

If you are acquainted with the valley at all, you know "The Backbone." 
The next bridge over the river above it is Bertholf's. About half a mile below 
that bridge a considerable fork or branch bears off to the southwest. The whole 
valley is unusually wide at that place, and the limestone has been cut out wider 
there than any place on the upper valley. Evidently the river forked there once, 
and a far longer and larger stream bore off to the southwest. The glacier filled 
the valley completely and the stream now runs down over the drift. I called Prof. 
Calvin's attention to it in 1878 when he was here, and he looked at it with 
interest. Tilton traced that old valley clear to Macksburg and beyond into the 
present valley of Grand River, and says that if it was not the larger fork of the 
river once, it at least was one of consideVable size. 

When we commenced to improve our city we commenced by getting water 
works, and commenced right, for city water is essential in your house in this age, 
if you would live like white folks. But with the blind faith of the ignorant, 
and utter willingness to risk a $60,000 investment of tax payers' money, with- 
out the least scientific investigation, we contracted for two wells to be put down 
on my father's old farm where a fair sized spring broke through. 

That would have been laughable indeed if the $60,000 and the water supply 
of the city had not depended on it! Water for a city! If it had not been for 
that old glacier we would not have had enough water in a dry time to water 
the town cow. The glacier saved the city from a monumental mistake. 

When they dug those wells they struck a bed, an eight-foot bed of glacial 
sand. No one knew it was there before. I was raised on that farm and knew 
it was there and knew that it was glacial sand, and knew the spring came from it, 
but never for an instant supposed the sand was over six inches thick. 

Go south from the wells down below the old pond known as Dabney's Lake, 
and to the little nook where the creek or gully turns north. You are in the 
rocks. The sides of the gully are all drift. It is boulder strewn. Some big 

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red Sioux quartzite boulders lie along its sides. All the little valley shows 
excessive glacial action, that is, for this country. In preglacial times the upper 
reach was doubtless much longer, and probably cut through the Cedar-Middle 
River Divide and it was probably wider from the rocks up. The glacier filled 
it up and the water running down over it, and under it when it commenced to 
recede left a glacial sand bank there. At least that is the way geologists 
account for other sand banks. Or it may be the shore of a small glacial lake. 
The sand is full of boulders — small niggerheads — some very odd ones too, and 
all the usual small pebbles. On its extent, depends whether we shall have a 
great abundance of that fine, pure water, or whether you will go down in your 
pockets and dig up another eight or ten thousand dollars to move your water 
supply. When you do go to investigating for water, Td advise you to use your 
influence to get the opinion of some man who has knowledge of the drift, or who 
would at least use the auger test instead of depending on the bending of a hazel 
switch to tell him where the water lies. 

And while we are talking of city improvements, Fll just say that we should 
have finished the waterworks, and solved the water problem, and put in sewers 
before we ever touched the paving of the residence portion of the streets. 

If the city council tonight passes that resolution of necessity your taxes will 
be so high on account of the paving that you would feel like mobbing another 
that would tax you for sewers and for water supply. Turning a little town into 
a high class, boulevarded city, makes it very pretty, but it will put a decided 
crimp into the income of its owners. 

When the Kansan glacier receded. Middle River commenced to cut down 
the drift that partially filled it, and it has done it fairly well, but from Rose- 
man Bridge it yet runs over the drift in many places, and from the western 
edge of the county entirely. Whether the upper valley ever had its rock exposed 
can only be guessed. Iowa was covered by several glaciers after that but none 
reached here. The last one, the Wisconsin, which must have come thousands 
of years after ours, came down to the Coon River and planed the country off as 
smooth as a big floor. Its western edge, the glacial moraine, is marked by great 
numbers of boulders. One could once almost walk on the boulders of that 
moraine from Panora to Storm Lake. If the Wisconsin glacier had come down 
over this country like it did over Dallas County, Middle River would not be 
here, and its deep valley would have been filled with drift. 


And now we have reached the top soil, the loess, the soil that gives us 
our com, our clover, and our living. It is black on top, buff underneath, and 
covers the country to a depth of three to five feet everywhere. It is fine, without 
pebbles, contains no limestone, and is not stratified. It grows your roses, and 
your gardens, for it is rich in plant food. It is black because it has been exposed 
to the action of the sun and wind, the leaching of rains, and the mixture of 
humus or vegetable mold. Otherwise it might be yellow or buff, for that is and 
was its probable original color. It covers the country everywhere, and the rich- 
ness of your land depends on its thickness. 

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How did it get here? Go up into your garret, or rather your garret's garret, 
the receptacle of your discarded finery, your husband's old trousers, the tomb 
of many of your financial mistakes, and freaks and fashions of other years. 
When you crawl into that cubby hole, what do you find? Dirt? Sure! Dust? 
Yes, certainly; a coating of fine, impalpable dust is over everything. The 
house has been reasonably well built, and the garret was fairly tight, but the dust 
is surely there. 

Suppose you had let that dust accumulate a thousand years. How thick 
would it have been ? Leave it a million years and I grant you that if the timbers 
retained their original strength, that the garret would be chuck full of dust and 
that the dust weight would break the joists. 

Go out to where your snow bank lay all winter. When that bank disappeared 
it left on your grass a coating of dirt. Quite a bit more would come in the 
sunmier time. Repeat that process a thousand years, ten thousand, half a million 
years. How thick a coat of dirt would you have? The wind would blow some 
away, the rain would wash some away, but on the whole you would have every 
year more than you lost. That is how the loess came here. The wind brought it. 
There is no other way to account for the loess. Examine it and it is composed 
of the very finest bits of sand, mostly glacial drift, but it is very fine and there is 
nothing in it except what the wind carried or could carry. It covers everything 
and is everywhere, except places where it has been washed away. For years 
aiid years it puzzled geologists, but Le Conte, and Calvin and Shimek of our state, 
all agree that our rich top soil, our good com land, was brought here by the wind. 
Some of you remember how the dirt banked up against the hedge rows in the 
'80s in a three-day wind, and those banks are yet plainly visible. 

Those of you who have seen the bad lands of Dakota have seen how the 
wind has cut the land into fantastic shapes and curious forms. In Nebraska I 
saw a sand hill of no mean proportions entirely disappear, and other small ones 
form. The loess covers the country very much deeper as you approach the 
Missouri River. The yellow bluffs that line the Missouri River on the eastern 
side are composed of it. 

The loess is very thick in some parts of the county. It is thicker in Penn 
and Jackson townships than it is here. In parts of the county where the land 
has been subjected to much erosion on account of the character of the drift it 
is very thin. Wherever the loess is thin the land may be poor, because the plow 
either runs into the drift gravel or drift clays or the stubborn residual clays of the 


The limestone rock of the county is the greatest asset, though we look at it 
with indifference. We have allowed the millionaire lumber thieves to steal the 
forests and cut them down in Minnesota and Wisconsin until they are all gone. 
Think of the far-sightedness of a Government that would trade magnificent 
forests of Norway pines for a few millionaires, and a few gaudy palaces they 
inhabit in St. Paul and Minneapolis and Chicago! They are cutting the hard 
pine forest of the South now, and it, too, will soon be gone. 

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In the search for new material with which to build, we have commenced to 
use cement, and the industry is growing by leaps and bounds. They are finding 
new uses for it every day. Its manufacture is bound to be the greatest industry 
in the state. In all the states, and in all the West, except at Bethany, Missouri, 
and lola, Kansas, are no such beds of pure limestone as we have right here. 

It makes cement that cannot be excelled. Already they have a monster plant 
in Des Moines and they are carrying fifty cars of rock and shale each day from 
our quarries on North Branch and making them into cement. 

The industry is just begun. It takes no far-sighted person to see that before 
long every one of the rock exposures of the ravines of Middle River will be 
quarried for cement. In your lifetime, you will see great steam shovels tearing 
down the rock, and workmen delving in a dozen quarries. You will see great 
lime kilns, and dozens of machines crushing rock for Iowa's roads. 

The advance in the price of stone land is just as sure to come as was the 
advance of the price of com land when com land was $30 an acre around Winter- 
set. It will come stealthily, but it will come, just as surely as the forests diminish, 
and the use of cement grows. 

I am no land agent, and yet no boomer. But if you have an investment 
to make as you would invest in life insurance, or one for your children, go buy 
some of the stone land. It is our cheapest land. Agriculturally it will always be 
worth all the money you pay for it, and will be almost certain to increase without 
considering the rock. Some day the cement trust will buy you out, and if it 
cannot buy you out, it will find some way to pry you of your holdings. 

I believe just as firmly as I believed in 1890 that corn land would be worth 
some day $100 an acre, that every acre of land that mns along a rock exposure 
will not only be worth $100 an acre, but that it will be worth five times that 
amount, and sell readily for that. 

There, at least, is an American reason for studying the geology of the county. 
Put on your old shoes, it won't hurt you to get your feet wet, if you take care of 
yourself, in spite of what the doctors say, and go study the rock exposures. 
Hunt them up, and see how much rock lies in sight, and how extensive the strip- 
ping would be. Or if you are not of a practical turn of mind, study the fossils 
of the different strata and you will grow intensely interested. If you are seeking 
a fortune, dig into the many shales and clays and bum them. In your experi- 
ments you might find a new china, or a new pottery, or even a superior brick, as 
I am almost sure you would. If you are just a student, and would make a name 
for yourself, study the drift in the county, map its depth, its extent, and tell of 
the ravages of that Kansan' glacier. It has not yet been done, and you have 
almost a virgin field. 

Anyhow, in doing it you have been out of doors with a delightfully interest- 
ing study, and if you come home with weary feet, and dbg tired, you have not 
lost a day, but have added one to the length of your life. 

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By A. J. Hoisington 

Were it possible by any system of investigation to find out the history of 
all the peoples who have occupied this country since the beginning of time, men 
would stand ready for the undertaking. Were it possible to trace an immigra- 
tion from the North, through British America, throughout our fields of gold and 
ice, beyond the Behring Straits, southward through Asian lands to some unknown 
Garden of Eden, as the home and birthspot of the Indian predecessors, men and 
money would not be wanting in the enterprise. But now it seems the origin 
of those people is a closed book and no one is found to break the seal thereof. 

History, like Nature, has its hilltops, and though one's vision may be shaded 
by a misty past, much remains within the range of observation and research 
which may be classified, recorded and bequeathed to those who shall come after. 
This testament should convey not only the full complement of that which lias 
been received but increased by the results of inquiry, of studies and observa- 
tions. The present generation stands today upon a natural promontory and the 
panorama of the past is largely presented in all directions to an extent not 
reviewed by its predecessors. 

The North American Indian was a strange, somewhat contradictory char- 
acter; in war, daring, cunning, boastful, ruthless; in peace, cheerful, dignified, 
superstitious, revengeful ; clinging as far as possible to the customs of his fore- 
fathers. Civilization came as a destroyer. Future generations of the present race 
will come who shall know him only as a dim, historic figure, around which 
clusters the mythology of an ancient race. 

The folk lore of the American Indians was charmingly rich in legend and 
tradition. Since the immemorial past those children of Nature read them in the 
leafy woodland, on the broad prairie, in the blue vault of heaven, in the crimson 
sunset, in the dark storm-threatening clouds, and in every gentle breeze or sweep- 
ing hurricane. Each story lived on in the hearts of its people. And here and 
there on earth's foundation rocks, or on some mighty forest tree, was borne a 
quaint inscription — 

**Full of hope and yet of heart-break. 
Full of all the tender pathos 
Of the Here and the Hereafter." 

Briefly, in the way of introduction to the subject of Indian occupancy of this 
county, it may be said that before the coming of the Algonquin tribes — Sac, 


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Foxes and others — the Sioux family tribes roamed over Iowa from Missouri 
to the far away and then unknown North. In the early portion of the last cen- 
tury, by a treaty of intermediation between the National Government and the 
then warring tribes — the Sioux tribes on one side and the Algonquin tribes 
of the other — this portion of Iowa was allotted to the Sacs, Foxes and kindred 
tribes, and thereafter only occasional trouble occurred in this part of the state 
between the distinctive nations of Indians — the last great battle between them 
was during the early '40s in Dallas County. 

The Sac and Fox tribes remained in exclusive possession of this part of the 
state but a comparatively short time, but as these tribes were here in occupancy 
when this region became familiar to large numbers of white people and were the 
next predecessors, nearly all direct interest in the Indian history of this region 
centers in them. 

The S»c and Fox tribes ceded the last of their lands in Iowa to the United 
States, of date August 11, 1842, but the treaty of sale provided that they might 
retain the privilege of occupying all of it until May i, 1843. And it further pro- 
vided that they might retain all the territory west of a line running between Wayne 
and Appanoose counties, between Lucas and Monroe, and through Jasper, Marion, 
Marshall and Hardin counties to their northern limits until October 11, 1845. 
Peacefully, quietly, these tribes, who scarce were aborigines, yet wholly alien to 
the Aryan forces that crowded them beyond the Missouri, as fades the mist of a 
summer mom, imperceptibly vanished from the fairest and richest lands beneath 
the circle of the sun. They left no track nor trace, nor impress in all of Madison 
County that once they owned its soil — that once they built their transient wig- 
wams along its streams, grew their corn, feasted upon the abundant deer and 
elk and wild turkey and fish and honey, and buried their dead upon its hills. 
Even their cemeteries are now almost legendary and the exact location of their 
villages nearly forgotten. It is indeed, a serious neglect that no writer of Madi- 
son County history has placed on record a single line concerning the local occu- 
pancy of those, or atiy other, tribes of Indians. Though more than sixty years 
have passed since those Indian days and very few, if any, of the members of those 
tribes yet live, and scarcely one of the half white trappers who dwelled or traded 
among them are left to tell their story, much can be gathered of the fragments 
by one who has the love and zeal for the work. Nowadays, and all hereafter, 
it is very interesting to peruse the story descriptive of their villages and burial 
places, their manner of living and the kind of Nature^s children they were. 

All primitive peoples seek for their more or less. temporary abodes a combina- 
tion of convenient water, timber and meadow land for reasons that are obvious. 
Thus Madison County, before the devastating hand of the white man touched 
its Nature molded form, afforded all the Indian needed besides tbe fruitage of 
shrub ^nd tree, the catch of its streams, the meats of the chase and the honeyed 
sweetness of the bee. 

Thus the old Indian village on Cedar Creek, in Union Township, at the 
mouth of Lull's Branch, close north of the creek and west of the branch, on the 
southwest quarter of the northwest quarter of section 21. The site of this 
village was then wooded without much underbrush, the high and almost sheer 
bluffs gave protection in winter from the icy blasts, and spring and running water 

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was abundant. There always was a bit of prairie meadow land in the creek 
bottom just above and near below, and upon the divide to the north extended, 
in those days, one of the loveliest prairies of the county. There was much clear 
timber miles about and the capture of deer and turkey was easy. In the early 
portion of the last century there were plenty of elk in this portion of the state 
and furred animals were abundant. This village was maintained all the year 
round for a long period of time. In the summer season, while the adult men 
were absent on the chase, or otherwise engaged, the squaws cultivated some 
corn near by. During the winter season, with the men of the band at home, the 
time was employed in trapping, caring for the ponies, practicing marksman- 
ship, but mainly utter idleness prevailed. 

Toward the springtime the village would be visited by a fur trader, who was 
always a welcome visitor, for then he brought them gaudy trinkets and *'fire- 
water" to exchange for furs. 

The band of Indians who made this village their home was variously esti- 
mated at from one to two hundred. About this number was there during the 
'30s and as late as 1843, the year before the floods throughout the West. This 
village was abandoned some time before the spring of 1845, for a fur trader that 
winter found no Indians living or camped thereabouts. But he did find that 
winter Indians over on Middle River and on North River. He understood that 
the bands were preparing to move out of the country, because by their treaty 
they were to vacate by the fall of that year. 

There was an Indian village on North River located about the center of the 
south half of section 6, in Union Township, on lands now or recently owned 
by J. H. Weidner. This location is about a mile down the river, on the north 
side, from the North River Bridge on the road due north of Winterset leading 
to De Soto. As with all other such villages there was a big spring close by and 
also fine timber and some grass land. This village was occupied probably until 
the spring of 1845. 

Close to the site of this village there was in cultivation perhaps the largest 
acreage in the county. The Indians at this place had about sixty acres they 
planted and cultivated at least for many years up to the summer of 1844. It was 
unusual for them to grow so large a field to crops. Usually a few acres was 
the limit and at some of their villages it appears no ground was cultivated. There 
were several fields on lower Clanton Creek and elsewhere, but nowhere else, 
so far as is known, was there then in this county as large a farm cultivated by 
the Indians as at the village above described. These abandoned, fields were a 
great convenience to some of the pioneer settlers who came here, during the 
first two years. 

To the Guye family this large field of cultivated land was of the greatest 
advantage. This family arrived during the first days of May, 1846, about the 
same time as the Clanton colony, and shortly after the arrival of Hurst, on sec- 
tion 36, Crawford Township. The first Guye house was built on the south side 
of North River, in the bottom, in the very heavy timber near the center of the 
north half of section 7, and directly south of this large Indian field. This field 
was used by them during the season of 1846 and they cultivated some thirty 
acres of it, growing an abundance of com and other crops. They farmed this 

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land afterward and improved land upon the hill to the south of their first loca- 
tion on the bottom and where they afterward resided. 

The methods of agriculture practiced by these Indians were of the most 
primitive character and yet usually their crops were abundant. Com, beans 
and tobacco were the chief crops planted. A heavy sort of iron hoe was their 
chief instrument — a type of what used to be known as '^nigger hoe." Occasion- 
ally they had rude instruments made of hard wood, fashioned into a faint 
resemblance of something that answered the purpose of a. plow, to which some- 
times was attached a pony by thongs of rawhide, but usually pulled by squaws. 
There were also in general use sharpened sticks, with which they dug up or 
cultivated the ground. The weeds were disposed of by pulling them up by hand. 
As the soil was exceedingly rich and loose, comparatively little work was needed 
in making ready the ground for planting, and after planting, little cultivation was 
necessary. The main work was to keep down the weeds and as above stated, 
this was done mostly by pulling them up by hand. 

"Women's rights," as known among the Indians since immemorial times, con- 
sisted in doing all the work about the village or camps. They took care of the 
meats brought in by their braves, planted, cultivated and harvested the crops 
and prepared the food for eating. But the latter was a simple process. Some 
food was eaten raw and what was cooked, was boiled in kettles — great messes of 
food boiled together. However, sometimes they roasted or baked their green 
com, potatoes and even meats, but always the preparation of food was a limited 
affair. The squaws also gathered most of the wood, used for cooking, or for 
warming their bark huts and tepees in winter. Theirs was the "simple life" 
indeed ; so much so that, after all, their daily toil was not what at first thought 
it would seem to have been — very little garment making, no sweeping, no house- 
keeping worth the mention. 

The Sac and Fox Indians were among the most civilized of the northem 
Indians when they left Iowa in 1845. They had been in constant contact with 
the French and English and Americans for more than a hundred years. 
Naturally, they were of a milder and less ferocious disposition than most other 
nations of the American aborigines. Thus they were no match for the Sioux 
in battle and could not migrate northward. The unmerciful cupidity of the 
white man forced him on and on toward the setting sun. He had none of the 
qualities that fitted him for life on the arid Great Plains, and beyond them were 
the mountain ranges in which he could not dwell. The white man already 
occupied Missouri on the south. His race was ended — the white man's prisoner 
henceforth he became, is now and forever must be until the last one has paid 
the penalty for having existed. 

The cemetery for this Indian village (on Cedar) was located near the middle 
of the north line of the southwest quarter of section 16, in Union Township. 
This was diagonally about a mile northeast of the village, upon the prairie. As 
late as 1872 there were occasional reminders found by those cultivating the ground 
that once Indian burials were made there. It is likely burials were made else- 
where in the vicinity of the village. 

It was learned from a fur trader that about 1840 there was a much used 
Indian trail leading from this village northeasterly on the long sloping ridge 

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on the east half of the southwest quarter of section 21, on past the Indian ceme- 
tery and northeasterly toward the old Indian village near the junction of North 
River and North Branch. This trail followed the divide around North Elm 
Creek and down to North River in the depression west and north of the present 
Farris schoolhouse. 

There was comparatively little hazel or other small underbrush in that portion 
of the county. The woodlands were open and the prairie fires kept down the 
brush that later on grew abundantly, as no doubt it had long before grown. 

There still remains a grove that was much larger, on the northeast quarter of 
the southeast quarter t)f section 15, in Union Township, now owned by James 
H. Farris, a pioneer settler. At this grove there was at different times a small 
Indian village, or camp, probably there because of the big spring. Some burials 
were made on land later owned by A. J. Hoisington, near the southwest comer 
of the tract previously described. 

In Crawford Township, at different periods up to 1845, there were Indian 
villages and favorite camping places. One was near Patterson, one at the old 
time Bell grove and spring on section 26, opposite where the railroad curves 
northeasterly toward Bevington, and another near the west line of section 36, 
near where Hiram Hurst, the first permanent settler in Madison County, took 
his claim. There was a band of Indians located there as late as 1845. This 
vicinity was a favorite place for them both in summer and winter. At the junc- 
tion of Cedar and North River, occasionally small bands of Indians mad^ their 
winter quarters, but this did not seem to be a favorite point with them for some 
reason. However, trapping was good in its season. 

At the four corners of Lee, Jefferson, Union and Crawford townships occa- 
sionally fur buyers found a small band of Indians in the winter time. 

In Lee Township it is not remembered there were any villages or camps save 
at Badger Grove, on section 14. This did not seem an attractive point for them, 
though during the '30s and '40s small bands were camped there. White men 
seldom came that way because of its isolation from larger streams and bodies 
of timber. 

In Jefferson Township the center of Indian interest from about the year 
1800 to 1845, and certainly for a long period before that century, was around 
the junction of North Branch with North River. Occasionally a small band was 
found temporarily camped in the grove on the old time Waymire Branch, now 
known as Spring Branch, on section 25, Jefferson Township. 

The junction neighborhood of North Branch and North River afforded all 
the natural advantages required for the high enjoyment and prosperity of these 
dusky sons and daughters of Nature. The wilder and more nomadic Sioux 
found here a winter retreat against the Arctic storm, though in summer time 
he loved the open on the prairies. In the early years of the century he fought 
the Algonquin tribes in this region, partly because he loved fighting for its own 
sake and partly for the keeping of those hunting grounds and winter resting 
places. And that junction of the streams was one of his favorites. Periodically 
he fell upon the Sacs and Foxes and many a **brave" on either side hastily 
departed for the **happy hunting ground*' thereabouts in those bloody encounters. 
Even after the agreement by treaty between the ever warring nations in the 

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early part of the century had given the Sacs and Foxes this region, the bloody 
Sioux would sometimes swoop down from the northwest prairies to steal the 
ponies and take the scalps of the more peaceful tribes. 

At the junction of those streams there was abundant timber, water, fish, 
wild footed game and furred animals. Indian life at that point was a surfeit of 
ease. Up to the year 1845, when the Indians gave possession, always one or more 
villages existed in the vicinity of the junction of those streams. It was most 
of the time the headquarters of some sub-chief and frequently considerable 
bands made it their winter quarters, many of the squaws, pappooses and old 
men remaining all the summers. 

Some forty rods north and a little west of the southeast comer of the west 
half of section 35 there always was a large spring, near which William Schoen 
settled in the early '50s. This is at the very foot of the divide between the two 
streams. From this spring westerly the ground slopes up and was originally 
covered with forest trees. Eastward from the spring there was a small open 
space covered with grass without a single shrub or tree— about five or six acres 
in extent. It was densely wooded all around and in those times without under- 
brush. A short distance north was the branch and but a little way southeast was 
the river. The streams united about a half mile northeast of the spring. It 
was an ideal place for winter existence. Since time immemorial there were 
Indians to be found there, in both summer and winter. Indian fur traders 
always made this a point to reach and to lay over if necessary. At times there 
were five hundred or more Indians living thereabouts. 

Within the radius of a mile of the big spring, at one time or anqther, were 
villages more or less temporarily occupied. One of the most productive points 
for the finding of Indian stone axes, arrowheads and the like is near and south 
of a strong flowing spring almost on top of the hill on the northwest quarter of 
the southeast quarter of section 34, in the garden of Charles Addy, and else- 
where on his place. A short distance east of the spring is a round top hill, 
the highest in that neighborhood, overlooking many miles up and down the valley. 
Since the settlement of the country there have been many finds of old time 
Indian property within a mile of the old spring. 

Some tales of Indian times, more or less legendary, or perhaps exaggerated 
by the ready tongue of the pioneers who early trapped or hunted or traded among 
the tribes, have come sifting down to those who later came to till the soil on which 
they trod. 

During the period of the Sac and Fox exclusive occupancy of this portion of 
Iowa mostly, they buried their dead in the ground and had preferences for 
particular places of interment. In thus disposing from sight their departed ones, 
they adopted somewhat the universal custom of the white man with whom they 
had been acquainted a long while before migrating here in a body. Occasionally, 
when one of their number died remote from their burial places, they placed 
their dead up in a tree top near a stream, fastening the body as securely as 
possible by use of thongs cut from the tanned skins of wild animals. Convenient 
to the corpse was also fastened on the tree some food and a vessel containing 
water. Thus the pioneer Clanton Colony in 1846 found the remains of an 
Indian on a tree close to the bank of Clanton Creek. An old iron vessel attached 

T«l. I— « 

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to the tree soon after disappeared. The earlier settlers occasionally found Indian 
remains on trees in several localities during the first year of the settlement of the 
county — 1846. But whether the bodies thus disposed of were Sacs or Foxes, or 
belonged to other tribes whose members may have been traveling across this 
county, the pioneer settlers could not know, as all dead Indians looked alike to 

The graves of the Sacs and Foxes were not dug to any great depth, and a 
little bark from a tree was made to answer the purpose of a coffin. The body 
was usually carried to the grave by old women who howled most piteously at 
intervals during the ceremony. Before closing the grave, one of the Indians 
present would wave a stick or war club called "puc-ca-waw-gun," saying in audible 
voice in his own language what means in English, **I have killed many men in 
war and I give their spirits to my dead friend who lies here to serve as slaves 
in the other world.*' After this the grave was filled with earth and in a day or 
two a rude cabin or shed of rough bark was made over it. If the deceased was 
a brave, a post was planted at the head of the grave, on which in a rude manner 
the number of scalps and prisoners he had taken in war was represented by red 
paint. Upon the death of an adult, his property was usually distributed among 
his relatives, and his widow returned to her own family or nearest kinsfolk. 
The widow was the principal mourner for the deceased and her grief seemed 
sincere; her countenance became dejected, she seldom smiled, clothed herself in 
rags and with disheveled hair and spots of black paint on her face, wandered 
about in a pensive mood, seldom shedding tears except when alone in the woods. 
Generally they ceased mounting on the suggestion of some friend, upon which 
occasion they washed, painted themselves red and put on their best clothes and 
such ornaments as they might have. 

Some of the Sacs and Foxes entertained the opinion that the spirit of the 
deceased hovers about the village or lodge for a few days and then takes its 
flight to the happy hunting ground. On its way they supposed it passed over 
an extensive prairie beyond which the woods appear like a blue cloud. Between 
this woodland and the prairie there is a deep and rapid stream of water across 
which there is a pole that is kept in continual motion by the force of the current. 
This stream the spirit must cross on the pole and if it belonged to a good person 
it got over safely and found all its good relations that had gone on before it. 
In this woodland is game of all kinds and very abundant,, and there the spirits 
of the good lived in everlasting happiness. But if on the contrary, the spirit 
belonged to a bad Indian in its world life, it would fall off the pole into the 
stream and the current swept it down to the land of evil spirits, where it forever 
remained in poverty and misery. 

They believed in one great and good spirit, who controlled and governed all 
things, and they believed in supernatural agents, who were permitted to inter- 
fere in their earthly concerns. They also believed there was a bad spirit but 
subordinate to the Great Spirit — Monotah they called the latter. The bad spirit 
was permitted to annoy and perplex the Indians by means of bad medicine, 
poisonous reptiles, killing ponies, sinking canoes and such like doings. All their 
misfortunes were attributed to the influence of this bad spirit. And yet they 
had some vague idea that in part the doings of the evil spirit were permitted 

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by the good spirit as a punishment for bad deeds. They believed in ghosts and 
when they thought they had seen one, the friends of the deceased gave a feast 
and hung up some clothing as an offering to appease the troubled spirit. 

In a sort of way the Sacs and Foxes may l^e considered a religious people. 
They rarely passed anything extraordinary in nature — like a cave, immense rock, 
sharp high hill, or the like — without leaving behind them some tobacco for the 
use of the spirit who they supposed resided there. 

During the autumn of the year large numbers of the tribes were accustomed 
to make daily feasts, some to the great good spirit, others to the bad spirit, to 
pacify him. Their great chief, Black Hawk, left on record some of his beliefs, 
among which has been found : "I am of the opinion that, so far as we have a right 
to use it, determining what is right or wrong and we should always pursue that 
path which we believe to be right." 

Again he says: "We thank the Great Spirit for all the good he has con- 
ferred on us. For myself I never take a drink of water from a spring without 
being mindful of his goodness." 

And again: "We can only judge of what is proper and right by our own 
standard of what is right and wrong. * * ♦ The whites may do wrong all 
their lives and then if they are sorry for it when ^hey die all is well, but with us 
it is different. We must continue to do good throughout our lives." 

These Indians believed that com was a special and mysterious gift from the 
Great Spirit. The Sacs held a rich arid highly poetic traditional belief concerning 
it, which their greatest modem chief, Black Hawk, thus narrates : "According 
to tradition handed down to our people, a beautiful woman was seen to descend 
from the clouds and alight upon the earth by two of our ancestors, who had 
killed a deer and were sitting by the fire roasting a part of it to eat. They were 
astonished at seeing her and concluded that she was hungry and had smelled 
the meat. They immediately went to her, taking with them a piece of the 
roasted venison. They presented it to her. She ate it, telling them to return 
to the spot where she was sitting at the end of one year and they would find a 
reward for their kindness and generosity. She then ascended to the clouds and 
disappeared. The men returned to their village and explained to the tribe 
what they had seen, done and heard, but were laughed at by their people. When 
the period had arrived for them to visit this consecrated ground, where they 
were to find a reward for their attention to the beautiful woman of the clouds, 
they went with a large party and found where her right hand had rested on the 
ground, com growing; where the left had rested, beans; and immediately where 
she had been seated, tobacco." 

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The Indian title to the land, of which Madison County is a part, was 
extinguished in the year 1845. By treaty, the Government had secured a large 
area of country, suitable for cultivation and the bounteous production of grain, 
grasses and other of the various food stuffs indigenous to this latitude. Strange 
to say, however, almost a year was permitted to elapse before the white man 
came and claimed **his own." It is not known that any person, white, red or 
black, stepped foot into Madison County before the year 1846, for other pur- 
poses than of exploration, hunting or trapping. Here were thousands of acres 
of rich prairie lands and other thousands covered by luxuriant growths of 
valuable timber. Three beautiful rivers traversed and watered the fertile soil, 
aided by many tributaries, and fruits and honey were to be found in vast quan- 
tities. Nature had provided lavishly and beckoned, with eager and welcoming 
hand to the countless thousands of men and women of the Eastern states, to 
come and settle upon this land, whose every feature and attribute was a glow- 
ing and substantial promise of bounteous harvests and consequent prosperity. 

To Hiram Hurst is given the distinction of being the first person to settle 
within the confines of this splendid domain, designated as Madison County. This 
advance guard of the splendid host of men who peopled the county and made it 
fructify so amazingly, migrated from Buchanan County, Missouri, early in the 
year 1846 and, as near as any one can compute the time, found his way into 
that part of Madison County now known as Crawford Township, on April 1, 
1846. The country looked good to him. The three requisites of the home 
builder were here in all their fullness and graciousness : Salubrious climate, 
abundance of pure, limpid water and a supply of timber, which seemed at the 
time almost inexhaustible. He had his ax and a superabundance of energy, 
strength and ambition, all salient attributes of the frontiersman. Nor was he 
lacking in ambition to carve out a home and habitation for himself and a large 
family dependent upon him. Here he was, an Ishmael in the wilderness; an 
involuntary absentee from his former haunts. For it is part of the tradition 
surrounding this historically interesting character that he was compelled to 
leave Missouri; or, in other words, he was a fugitive from justice. As reputa- 
tions go, when bandied hither and yon by the evil minded or credulous, Hurst 
was credited with having killed his man. Another one had it that he burned a 
neighbor's property in a spirit of vengeance, and again, the story was rife in the 
early days that the pioneer settler of Madison County was a petty thief, in that 
he had stolen a bunch of Missouri hogs. These were the idle and harmful tales 
extant among those who followed Hurst into the wilderness, but the real char- 


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First white settler in Madison Came to Madison County, May 3, 

County. Came from Missouri about 1846. Voted on the adoption of the 

April 15, 1846. First claim in sec- Constitution, August, 1846, at Fort 

tion 36 of the (now) Crawford Town- Des Moines, and has voted at all 

ship, near the present home of Joseph principal elections since. Entered 

H. Duff. Left in 1854 for Nebraska, the first piece of land in Madison 

where he died in 1889. County in January, 1850. 

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acter of the man and the place he attained in the confidence of his new neighbors 
are not consistent with moral turpitude and wrong doing. 

Hurst built a little **shack" in the timber, and cuhivated a small patch of corn 
in the spring and summer of 1846. In the fall of that year he returned to his old 
home in Buchanan County, Missouri, where his friends settled the difficulties 
facing him. He then packed up his household belongings and other chattels and 
with wife and children came back to his Iowa home, where he installed his 
family and goods in the humble habitation provided for them. Hiram Hurst 
remained on this place, situate on section 36, in Crawford Township, until July, 
1847, when he sold his claim to Thomas Cason, who settled in Crawford about 
that time. Hurst then took a claim in section 29 in South Township, living there 
until the fall of 185 1, when he sold to N. S. Allcock and moved to Scott Town- 
ship. In 1854 Hurst secured a tract of land on section 26, Scott Township, of 
E. M. Green way, an eastern speculator, for which he paid $68, and in the fall 
of the same year sold land in section 20, South Township, to John Creger. Before 
the end of the year he was with his family in Otoe County, Nebraska, and was 
one of that community's first settlers. 

No stain remains upon the name of Madison County's first settler. As will 
be seen, in a reminiscent article prepared by Samuel Fife, who worked for 
Hurst in 185 1, an honest and unbiased tribute is paid the first settler's character. 
Mr. Fife portrays him as **a very quiet man, of good judgment, and had a fine 
family. His family here was composed of a wife and four little boys. I have 
worked for him several times and always found him a gentleman and his wife a 
perfect lady." 

The final chapter in the life of Hiram Hurst is furnished by his son, John, in 
a letter of date March 5, 1906, to Herman Mueller, in answer to a written 
inquiry relative to certain data concerning Hiram Hurst. The letter speaks for 
itself and it is to be trusted the memory of the writer, John Hurst, is of a 
reliable character : 

*'Wymore, Nebraska, March 5, 1906. 
**Mr. H. A. Mueller, St. Charles, Iowa. 

**Dear Sir: Your letter of February 12th received. Have been waiting for 
some time to get the ages of my father and mother, IJiram and Elizabeth Hurst, 
which were recorded in the old family Bible, now in the hands of one of my 

**I assure you I am more than pleased to have the name of my father asso- 
ciated with the first settlers of Madison County, Iowa, and will state right here 
that my brother WilHam was the first white child bom in the county — was bom 
in camp on the third day after arriving in same on the Middle River Bottom 
which was afterward sold to Mr. Cason.* 

**Hiram Hurst was born in Washington County, Virginia, March i, 1821, 
was married to Elizabeth Todd December 20, 1840. Moved from Virginia to 
Tennessee and then to Kentucky and from there to Missouri. Then to Madison 
County, Iowa, April i, 1846. Moved from there to Nebraska in the fall of 

* In this statement Mr. Hurst is mistaken as his father returned to Missouri for his fam- 
ily and did not reappear here until early in the following year. William Hurst told me he 
was born in 1845. — Editor. 

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1854 and settled on the Missouri River at the mouth of the Weeping Water now 
in Otoe County, being one of the first white settlers in the county. He followed 
farming but was the first justice of the peace in the county, which office he held 
continuously for twenty years; was a Baptist minister for a number of years 
before his death, which occurred on the i8th day of September, 1889. 

"My mother was bom in Kentucky in the year of 1824, October 25th, died 
August 24, 1874. To them was bom by my mother eleven children. Seven are 
still living. Their names are John M. Hurst, Wymore, Neb. ; James H., Almena, 
Kansas ; William H., Zincite, Mo. ; Thomas J., Wymore, Neb. ; Isaac N., Wymore, 
Neb. ; Isabelle Hughes, Omaha, Neb. ; Martha M. Bales, Talmage, Neb. Hiram 
Hurst was married three times; his second wife died before one year after 
marriage. His third wife was a Mrs. Wood of Lorton, Neb. To them were bom 
four children ; three are still living, Mollie, Edward and Fred, all living in Otoe 
County, Neb." 


Hiram Hurst was not fated to long remain by himself in this new coimtry, 
for on the evening of April 24, 1846, two colonies, also from Buchanan County, 
Missouri, arrived in Madison County and became permanent settlers. The new- 
comers were the Clanton, Clark and Guye families. The former was made up 
of the following named persons: Rachel (Moore) Clanton, widow of Charles 
Clanton, Sr., her children, with their wives and children, namely: Charles 
William, wife and children, John, Rachel, Margaret, Lucinda and Elizabeth; 
Isaac, his wife, Loraine, and children, Joel, Nancy, William, Wesley, George and 
Moses; Joel M., his wife, Sarah, and children, William, Frank and Polly; Ruth 
Clanton, her husband, Caleb Clark, and their children, Louisa Jane, Rachel Char- 
lotte, Sarah Ellen, Nancy Elizabeth and Cynthia Ann and Rufus. With this 
colony were Charles McCray and GiflFord Lee, both unmarried, who remained 
in the settlement but a few months and then retumed to their Missouri homes. 

The Guye family consisted of Samuel Guye, a widower; his sons, James, 
George, Frank and Houston; daughters, Mary, Elizabeth, Angeline and Maria. 
On the evening of April ^24th, both colonies went into camp on the banks of 
Middle River. The Guyes, reaching the river about an hour in advance of the 
Clantons, crossed over and camped on the north bank, and the Clantons, on that 
account, and also because night was coming on, camped on the south bank. 
As each had considerable live stock, this arrangement was a good one, in that 
it kept the cattle apart. The elder Guye and the Clantons were somewhat 
acquainted with each other in Missouri. 

That night a heavy rain fell, which filled the river too high for fording 
and it continued to rain during the following afternoon, so that both colonies 
remained in camp until aftemoon, when the Guyes continued their journey into 
Linn Grove, in Warren County. The men of the Clanton contingent crossed 
the river in an Indian canoe and visited Guyes and William Hurst, a brother 
of Hiram, whom they had met at Spring Hill, in Warrdn County, and was 
informed by him that his brother Hiram had gone westward up Middle River 
and staked out a claim. From here the men of the Clanton party went out 

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Came to Madison County in 1853 
and lived in Ohio Township. Was a 
pioneer blacksmith and a Christian 
preacher. A veteran of the Civil war, 
being a member of the Thirty-ninth 
Iowa Infantrv. 


Came to Madison County in May, 1846. settling in the (now) South Township about 1^ 
miles west of the present site of St. Cliarles. Platted Hanton 's addition and Clanton *s addi- 
tion of 1888 of St. Charles. 

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prospecting for claims. They struck a southwesterly course and crossing the 
Warren County line into Madison, arrived in Crawford Township. Here Middle 
River was crossed near the Hurst claim and seeing a cabin, the prospectors 
. went to it and found Hurst asleep in a hut constructed out of material aban- 
doned by the Indians the year before. At first Hurst appeared to be frightened 
but upon learning the object of his visitors, he gave them much assistance in 
locating their claims in what was afterwards known as Clanton's Grove. This 
family staked out the boundaries of their new home immediately west of and 
adjoining the future town of St. Charles, on the 3d day of May, 1846. On 
that same day the Guye family staked a claim on section 7, on the south bank 
of North River, in that part of the county now known as Union Township. 

Caleb Clark, the husband of Ruth Clanton, located on the hill west of Clanton 
Creek and north of Steele Branch, but soon sold out and located on a tract of 
land north of and adjoining Joel M. Clanton's, in section 14, now owned by 
W. S. Lindsley. Thus these two colonies were simultaneously and collectively 
considered one colony, whose members were the second settlers of Madison 

It is said that Henry McKinzie settled in this county in the fall of 1846, 
but this has been disputed, the date of his arrival being made as in the spring 
of 1847. However that may be, he was among the first comers and settled with 
his sons, Abner, Daniel, Thomas, Aaron and Gabriel, in Scott Township, where 
he remained until 1855 and then left for Texas. From Texas he went to Douglas 
County, Kansas, where he died. 

Ephraim Bilderback married Malinda McKinzie, daughter of Henry 
McKinzie, and came to the county with his father-in-law. He settled on section 
9, Scott Township, and later sold to Abner Bell. Bilderback then went up on 
the South Coon, where his father lived, the latter having built a mill. Ephfaira 
finally went West and died there. 

Lemuel Thombrugh came to Madison County in May, 1846, and settled in 
the Guye neighborhood, where he built a cabin on the land later owned by 
William Gentry, and still later by George Homback. Thombrugh returned to 
Missouri in August after his family, and coming back, was accompanied by his 
brother James and family, all of whom lived on Lemuel Thombrugh*s claim 
on the Cedar, until Lemuel sold out and moved away in 1849. James Thom- 
brugh left the claim on the Cedar in the spring of 1847 ^"d went south on Middle 
River, where he took up another claim on the south side of the river in the timber. 
Here he grubbed a patch of land and with one yoke of oxen put out a small 
crop. He was the first settler on Middle River bottom. He built a cabin on 
the land, which was burned down on May 4, 1861. 

About the ist of September, 1846, James Fidler, with his wife and unmar- 
ried children, and James Thombmgh, his son-in-law, and wife, migrated from 
Weston, Buchanan County, Missouri, to Madison County. He lived with his 
son-in-law and was the first person to die in Madison County. He had taken 
a claim and got a cabin built in the edge of the timber on section 29, in Union 
Township, but died early in October, a little over a month after his arrival. 

It is said that Felt Johnson, a son-in-law of Henry McKinzie, came with 
him in 1846 and settled on section 8, in Scott Township. He soon afterwards 

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sold to Samuel Casebier and went over on **the Clanton/' where he lived a few 
years, disposing of his possessions to Wheatley Harper, and returned to Mis- 
souri, where he died. 

James Brown and family, with his brother Hezekiah, a single man, and 
Vincent and family, also Lebben Shelton, wife and three children, all came 
together from Buchanan County, Missouri, in 1847. James Brown first settled 
and long lived on section 36, in Jefferson Township. Vincent Brown settled 
on section 12, in Union Township. Hezekiah Brown, the unmarried brother, 
made his home alternately with his brothers James and Vincent and went to 
Kansas a short time before the Civil war. 

John Wilhoit was one of Madison County's pioneers of 1847. He first settled 
on the south half of section 35, in Jefferson Township. This he sold to William 
Schoen in 1852. 

Two Mendenhall brothers, one of them named Charles, both unmarried, with 
two Hinshaws, relatives, migrated from Missouri in the fall of 1847 and settled 
on section 32, in Jefferson Township. The Mendenhalls stopped only two or 
three years and then went to Kansas. 

Silas and William Hinshaw had with them their widowed mother. William 
Hinshaw married a sister of William Ludington. A few years after his arrival 
here he went to Kansas and while hunting buffaloes on Smoky Hill River, 
he was killed and scalped by Indians. Some time in the '50s Silas Hinshaw 
went from here to Sioux City, Iowa, with the avowed intention of killing every 
Indian he met. While near Sioux City two Indians came to his cabin, when he 
picked up an ax and killed one of them. The other escaped. The third day 
after this occurrence Silas was found dead at his home, with all his fingers and 
toes cut off. No other wounds were discovered and it was presumed he bled 
to death in the presence of his murderers. 

James Brewer was also a settler of 1847, coming from Missouri. He first 
settled where Jacob Bennett afterward lived, having entered a part of section 22. 
About 1854 he returned to Missouri and from thence to Kansas. These were 
the only settlers in Madison Township that year. John Evans and John Butler 
settled in the Guye neighborhood either in the latter part of 1846, or early in 
1847. In looking for claims, it is said, they were amazed to find other persons 
in the township ahead of them. 


The year 1846 treated the pioneers bountifully. The weather was fine and 
seasonable and without storm or flood. The Guyes got in thirty acres of com, 
. in an old Indian field that produced some fifty bushels an acre, and quite a patch 
of potatoes yielded well. Joel Clanton got out seven acres of corn, by deadening 
trees in the edge of the timber west of St. Charles. Others here early enough 
to plant late crops had good yields. Altogether there were planted sixty-one 
acres that averaged about forty bushels. About two hundred bushels of potatoes 
were grown and very little of anything else. Wild hay of course was abundant. 
Deer and wild turkeys were numerous and all this wooded region literally 
flowed with the honey of wild bees. No family that came that year moved 

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away until in later years. A few single men, or those who came without their 
families and only to look at the country a few days, returned to their former 
homes. The following winter was a moderate one and there was no suffering 
among the settlers. Flour and corn meal were scarce with some at times, owing 
to the long distance from sources of supplies. No event of unusual interest 
occurred in the county in 1846 save the first settlement of this region. The 
settlers were too poor and consequently too happy to have any troubles. 


The first marriage that occurred in Madison County was about June i, 1846. 
The father of the bride was John Butler, who first settled about one mile north- 
west of the schoolhouse east of Winterset some two miles, on what was afterward 
known as the Anon James farm. It required some time for him to get up a 
cabin ; but why should not two more people make a home on their own account ? 
The colony brought along a preacher, but the license was only to be obtained 
somewhere on Des Moines River. That was not so far away, however, so 
Daniel Chenoweth and Betsey Butler were married before her father got his 
cabin up, out in the timber, by the first preacher in the county. Elder John 
Evans, the famous "Hard Shell" Baptist, who distinguished himself in church 
work in the early days. Chenoweth entered land of the Government on section 6, 
in Scott Township, and on section i, Lincoln Township, in the year 1850. He 
remained here at least several years. 


During the first year of the settlement of the county there was no provision 
whereby settlers could vote within the county. But at the state election, to 
determine the adoption or rejection of a constitution, upon which depended the 
admission of Iowa as a state, held August 3, 1846, five settlers from Madison 
went by horse team in a wagon to Fort Des Moines to vote. No other question 
was asked them touching their qualifications than where they lived. Des Moines, 
even that early, was prospectively a candidate for the state capital, and therefore 
all the people in this part of the state, very few as there were, favored the adop- 
tion of any kind of a constitution that would hurry the admission of the state 
into the Union. 

On the morning of August i, 1846, pursuant to previous arrangement, the 
following persons were at the cabin of John R. Beedle, who then lived about 
a quarter of a mile northwest of where Greenwood schoolhouse, in Union Town- 
ship, now is: George W. and James Guye, Samuel Casebier, John Chenoweth 
and John R. Beedle. These five persons were the pioneer voters of Madison 
County. Casebier's claim was a portion of the east part of Winterset, the 
Guyes lived in Union Township. Other settlers were expected to make up the 
party, but failed to be present. The voting contingent arrived home August 
5th, being absent five days. 

During the following year, 1847, Madison County was made a separate voting 
precinct by the commissioners of Marion County, to which this county had been 

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attached for all purposes. Madison County was officially designated as "Black 
Oak Grove precinct," under the misapprehension by the board that the prevailing 
upland groves were of that variety of oak. John Butler's house was designated 
as the place for holding the first election. It stood on section 29 in (now) 
Union Township, about a mile northwest of the present schoolhouse between 
Winterset and Tileville. The building actually used was a new log stable just 
built and had not been used for any purpose. Although the state constitution 
required that all voting should be by ballot none had been printed and no paper 
was at hand on which to write names of those voted for. Each voter therefore 
announced, orally, his choice and the clerks tallied his vote on the poll books. 
As the poll books were constantly open for inspection all day every one present 
might know from vote to vote how the result stood, but little interest was mani- 
fested and the little there was lay in the claim of those living south of Middle 
River for one justice and one constable, while those north of that stream also 
wanted a man elected for each position. In early days that stream was a political 
Rubicon, and continued so up to the final location of the county seat. With 
that question settled Middle River ceased to be much of a political factor. 

The election board was organized at 9 o'clock A. M. by those present choos- 
ing Philip M. Boyles, Lemuel Thombrugh and William Gentry, Sr., judges, 
and Thomas M. Boyles and Ephraim Bilderback, clerks. The following persons 
voted in the order given : Leonard Bowman, David Cracraf t, David D. Henry, 
Andrew Evans, Doctor H. Whited, Robert Deshazer, Absalom McKinzie, John 
R. Beedle, George Myers, Amos Case, Claiborne Pitzer, D. J. Casebier, J. M. 
Clan ton, Isaac Clan ton, Samuel Crawford, J. C. Casebier, William Combs, Jacob 
Combs. George W. Guye, James W. Guye, Valentine Johnson, Asa Mills, Samuel 
B. Casebier, Henry W; McKinzie, James Thombrugh, John Butler, Samuel Guye, 
Lemuel Thombrugh, David Bishop, Philip M. Boyles, William Gentry, Sr., 
Thomas M. Boyles, Ephraim Bilderback — total 33. 

Philip M. Boyles carried the election retums to Knoxville, county seat of 
Marion County, to which this county was attached, on an Indian pony. After 
some trouble he found the clerk of the board of commissioners, who afterwards 
became a noted politician — Lysander W. Babbitt, of Council Bluffs. Before 
retuming Boyles got the vote canvassed and brought back with him the certificates 
of election for the successful ones. 

Following was the vote of that election : Justices of the peace, David Bishop 
(elected), 23; John Butler (elected), 22; Samuel Guye, 14. Constables, James 
Thombrugh (elected), 21; Samuel B. Casebier (elected), 19; William Combs, 
17; William Bishop, i. 

Justice David Bishop and Constable James Thombrugh lived south of Middle 
River and Justice John Butler and Constable Samuel B. Casebier lived north of 
that political stream. This was the first election, the first of the county seat 
fights and the result was a draw. 

It is not the purport of this chapter to give in detail the names and locations 
of all the settlers who came to the county in the first years of its existence, for 
the reason that a chapter will be devoted to the history of each of the townships 
and necessarily the first settlers of these particular localities must be mentioned. 
Therefore, in order to avoid any repetition the narrative of the pioneers from 

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Arrived in Madison County, May 11, 1846. First com- 
missioners' clerk of county, elected January 1, 1849. 
Took an active part in the pioneer life of Madison County. 
Second sergeant of Company A, Thirty-ninth Iowa 

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this on will be treated in the townships in the chapter assigned to the township 
in which they are located. However, this chapter can be fittingly brought to a 
close by a partial list of names of the men and women who settled in Madison 
County during the first ten years after the arrival of Hiram Hurst, as appeared 
in the semicentennial edition of the Madisonian, published November i, 1906: 
1846— Mrs. Elizabeth (Clark) Smith, Rufus Clark, A. C. Beadle, C. F. 
Clanton, W. W. Clanton, Mrs. Polly (Clanton) Souders, Mrs. Angeline Guye 
Vanwy, W. G. Dorrell; 1847 — William Thomburg, Lewis Thomburg, W. W. 
Gentry, Henry Evans, Mrs. Sarah (Clark) Smith, Mrs. Lucy A. Fife, Mrs. R. 
M. J. Collins; 1848 — George W. Smith, W. S. Wilkinson, Lucinda James, A. W. 
Wilkinson, Mrs. Margaret Stinson, John Stinson, Mrs. Maranda Hubbard, 
Mrs. Permelia Kerms, Asa B. Smith, S, S. Guiberson, Mrs. Katie Guiberson, 
Caleb Rollings, Andrew Snyder, Mrs. Andrew Snyder; 1849 — Chal Danforth, 
W, R. Danforth, William Brinson, W. A. Chase, Amos Fife, Samuel Fife, 
Samuel Snyder, Daniel Vancil, Mrs. George RatliflF, Mrs. Mary Farris, W. S. 
AUcock; 1850 — G. W. PoflFinbarger, J. I. Guiberson, Joshua Clark, Mrs. Mollie 
Roberts, Abner Bell, Mrs. Mary Shoup, Mrs. K. Carter, Mrs. Lorinda Taylor, 
J. C. Thombrugh; 1851 — ^James L. Bertholf, Mrs. Nancy Speer, Mrs. Adela 
Carter, J. A. Rhymo, F. M. Bruce, R. P. Bruce, L. M. Bertholf, Wesley Coch- 
ran, J. H. Farris, Mrs. Martha Tidrick, Mrs. Barbara Shaver Clanton, Mrs. Joel 
Childers, John M. Runkle, Mrs. Mary Dehaveh, Mrs. C. F. Clanton, John Bruce, 
I. M. Clanton, S. L. Johns; 1852 — J. W. Leinard, Jeff Wheat, J. H. Moore, 
J. N. Gordon, W. I. Gordon, T. A. Duer, S. G. Ruby, William Schoen, Mrs. 
J. C. Clark, Samuel Walker, Mrs. Belle Smith, Mrs. Sarah Archer, Mrs. D. 
Guilliams Close, B. C. Guilliams, Mrs. Rosa Walker, Alfred Brittain, Mrs. 
•Julia Brittain, Pleasant Brittain, S. W. Barrow, Mrs. McPherrin, Mrs. Katherine 
Bean, F. M. McDaniel, A. H. McDaniel, Michael lams; 1853 — W. R. Shriver, 
D. G. RatliflF, William Hartsook, Mrs. Samuel Myers, Capt. E. G. Barker, Milton 
Boyles, Andrew Macumber, Christopher Wilson, Isaac Reager, Lewis Crawford, 

A. S. Speer, S. S. Morgan, Stanislaus Baur, Mrs. Theresa Baur, Daniel Reigle, 
John F. Johnston, L. A. McCumber, J. W. Smith, C. H. Young, John McNeley, 
J. A. Macumber, Alex Macumber, John Faurote, Mrs. W. G. Dorrell, Mrs. 
Lizzie Clifton, Henry Macumber; 1854 — I. C. Walker, D. K. Getchell, Minerva 
Nicholson, Mrs. Mary Evans, B. F. Bowlsby, William Fennimore, John Brown, 
Mrs. Artie McCrea, Mrs. Lucy Walker, Martha Egy, J. S. Egy, Hiram C. Smith, 
Mrs. Hiram C. Smith, Mrs. Andrew Gaekle, Mrs. Polly Bradshaw, George T. 
Damall, Mrs. J. W. Crossley, Mrs. William Scrivener, Mrs. Mary C. Nichols, 
John Reed, John Creger, David Bradshaw, W. S. Porter, Mrs. Nancy E. Porter, 
Mrs. Mary A. Reed, M. M. Gilleran, Mrs. R. J. Creger, J. M. Allen, Mrs. Mahala 
Arnold, Samuel Lathrum, Mrs. Julia Arnold, Mrs. Mary J. Creger, Mrs. J. V. 
Kirk, Mrs. Fannie Baker; 1855 — J. C. Foster, Mrs. M. Hockenberry, Mrs. 
Amanda Davis, Reuben J. Foster, Rollen Walker, Samuel T. Johnston, Mrs. 
Frank Rundall, Mrs. R. J. Foster, Mrs. Sarah J. Brokaw, Mrs. Albert Johnson, 
Eli Arnold, John M. Downs, Mrs. Marilda Witt, Joseph Cunningham, C. E. 
Huglin, P. J. Cunningham, S. D. Ford, F. L. Bissell, Mrs. Fannie Anderson, 
F. G. Bissell, Thomas Early, Josiah Banks, Mrs. S. T. Johnston, Alex Cregmiles, 

B. F. Conn, W. S. Conn, N. P. Pomeroy, Mrs. N. G. Baugh, C. A. Roberts, A. 

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M. Benge, J. E. Benge, Malissa Lyon, Lydia Danforth, Israel Hoover, Mrs. 
William Thomburg; 1856 — John H. Smith, Luke A. Smith, Margaret Moore, 
Hannah Moore, Sarah Young, J. T. Young, W. C. Young, George W. Young, 
Eudora Preble Benge, T. J. Hudson, Mrs. A. W. Wilkinson, William Ellsberry, 
John Cox, H. J. B. Cummings, Mrs. C. P. Lee, Andrew Crawford, E. F. Con- 
noran, Isaac Holmes, James Gillaspy, I. S. Longnecker, Mrs. Sarah Brittain, 
Mrs. K. McCloskey, Alfred Souders, William Ludlow% Mrs. Elijah Hiatt, Arch 
Holmes, A. B. Moorman, Mrs. A. B. Moorman, Mrs. Irene Connoran, Mrs. 
N. J. Young, R. M. Young, W. H. Black, John Roy, Joseph Rippey, H. D. Moor- 
man, Mrs. R. A. Moorman, Mrs. S. J. Turner, Mrs. J. S. White, Mrs. Melvina 
Lake, Leroy McMains. 

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Madison County lies in the south central part of Iowa, in the third tier of 
counties north of Missouri. North of it is Dallas County, while to the east 
is Warren; to the south are Clarke and Union, and to the west, Adair. In 
form it is an approximate square, and includes sixteen congressional townships : 
Townships 74-77 north and ranges 26-29 west. Owing to errors in the original 
survey, the area is only 566.4 square miles, instead of the customary 576. This 
county was originally known as the "Three Rivers" country, owing to the pres- 
ence of three rivers which flow within and through its boundaries, furnishing 
abundant drainage and some water power, and having along their banks lux- 
uriant growths of timber, all requisites and attractions for the settler. 

On the 13th of January, 1846, the Legislature passed an act establishing the 
County of Madison. This measure, among other things, provided for the holding 
of elections to perfect the organization of the county, and, furthermore, the 
boundary lines were described as shown below : 

"That the following shall be the boundaries of a new county, to be called 
Madison, to wit: Beginning at the northwest comer of Warren County thence 
west to the northwest comer of township jy, north of range 29 west; thence 
south to the southwest comer of township 74, north of range 29 west; thence 
east to the southeast corner of township 74, north of range 26 west; thence 
nortb to the place of beginning." 

At the time Madison County was created twelve other counties were formed 
by the Legislature and Madison was attached to Marion County, for taxation, 
election and judicial purposes. Early in 1847, the commissioners of Marion 
County ordered that all of Madison County constitute an election precinct, to 
be known as Black Oak Grove precinct. The first election held in the newly 
established precinct was in the fall of 1847, with polling place at the house of 
John Butler as heretofore related. This was the first election held in the county. 

The county of Madison continued attached to Marion County until the year 
1849. ^y t^^s time about three years had elapsed since the coming of the first 
settler in the community and quite a number of farms had been opened. Men 
of good character, energy, determination and thrift made up the first contingents 
of that army of homeseekers soon to follow them, and they had gotten far 
enough along, in the way of establishing homes for themselves and families, as 
to become alive to the importance of having an established form of government 
for the unorganized county in which they had chosen to set their stakes. There 
were now something like one hundred voters within the boundary lines of Madi- 
son County and through the efforts of certain of their leaders the Leei.<;lature 


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passed and approved an act on the 27th day of December, 1848, providing for 
the holding of an election, at which officers for the county government should 
be chosen by vote of the electorate. The measure also nominated and named 
Thomas Butler, of Dallas County, George Gillaspy, of Marion County, and 
Isaac Cooper, of Polk County, a commission, to locate the seat of justice for 
the new county. 

Previqus to the election and in pursuance of the provisions of the act of 
1846, Ephraim Bilderback, organizing sheriff, and his deputy, A. D. Jones, 
divided the county into three election precincts, namely. North, Center and 
South, and at these places the election, completing the organization of Madison 
County, was held on the first day of January, 1849. 

Iowa was strongly democratic up to the Civil war, so that it is not strange 
that Ephraim Bilderback, organizing sheriff, was of this political faith. He 
was shy, however, on education and political finesse, but his delinquencies 
in these respects were met and overcome by his astute deputy, A. D. Jones, also a 
democrat, who was not only a man of education and of good lineage, but also 
at the time, ^'easily the smoothest person in politics in the whole county until 
he left in 1853." It was Jones who, so it is said, organized the county, maneu- 
vered the election so that his henchmen should predominate in the county gov- 
ernment, and one of his ambitions was to have the seat of justice located at 
"The Narrows," or Tileville, on property owned by him. In this he was far 
from being successful, but the election itself resulted mainly in favor of the 
democrats and the "boss" was satisfied. Below is given the result of the organiz- 
ing election and the names of those elected to office : 


Ephraim Bilderback (D) 38 

Samuel Guye (D) 30 


George W. McClellan (W) 47 

Samuel B. Casebier (D) 13 


Alfred D. Jones (D) 39 


Leonard Bowman ( W) 47 


William Combs (W) 40 

David Bishop (D) 41 

William Gentry (D) 43 

Daniel McKinzie ( W) 3 

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Voted at the election held August, 1847, in ** Black Oak Grove pre- 
cinct." Back row: Philip M, Boyles; Joel M. Clanton. Front row: John 
R. Beedle; James Guye; George W. Guye 

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AS7 0r(. L:-Nf .\ a.n.- 

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Wm. Allcock (D) 7 

John C. Casebier (D) lo 

Mathew Jones (D) 5 

Heniy McKinzie (W) 39 

commissioners' clerk 

Pliilip M. Boyles (D) 35 

James Thombrugh (D) 34 

George W. McClellan ( W) i 


William M. Phipps ( W) 48 

Philip M. Boyles (D) i 


Joseph K. Evans (D) 10 

Joshua Hinkley (W) 9 


Alfred D. Jones (D) 36 

William Harmon ( W) 9 


Daniel Vancil (D) 8 

David Cracraft ( W) 7 


Samuel Fleener (D) i 


There is nothing to show that anything had been done up to this time in the 
way of selecting a location for the seat of government, notwithstanding the 
fact that by the provisions of an act passed by the Legislature on December 2Ty 
1848, a commission had been appointed for that purpose. The men so chosen 
were Thomas Butler, of Dallas County, George Gillaspy, of Marion, and Isaac 
Cooper, of Polk, but there is a strong probability that Cooper did not serve, 
as only two of the conmiission, Butler and Gillaspy, signed the report afterwards 
filed with the clerk of the Commissioners* Court. There were no bickerings, 
wire pulling, or underhand methods used as far as now known, in persuading 
the commission to select this or that site for the county seat. Their choice 
was in the exact center of the county, having requisite features and attractions 
for the purposes of the settlers at that time and the generations to follow them. 
The location of Winterset for the capital of Madison County was well chosen 

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and the only adverse criticism advanced is the lack of proper railroad facilities, 
by which the people of the outlying districts might reach the place. No effort to 
wrest the prize from Winterset has ever been made with any degree pf hope of 

After the locating commissioners had selected Winterset, Judge E. R. Guiber- 
son started a petition for the relocation of the county seat. This was late in 
the fall of 1849. He wanted the county seat relocated on or near the northwest 
quarter of section 33, in what is now Union Township, and adjoining a quarter 
section of land he owned in that community. Guiberson worked hard on his 
petition and finally secured about fifteen signers. His contention was that the 
proposed new location was nearer the center of the settlements and was a more 
eligible tract of land in every way for the county seat, but he was unsuccessful 
in convincing a sufficient number of the settlers that his proposition was a good 
one. He soon abandoned the scheme and sold his claim. 

The county seat of Madison County was not chosen for almost six months 
after the county was organized, and why so long a time had been permitted to 
pass without the accomplishment of this most necessary act does not appear by 
any data now at hand. However, Winterset was selected as the seat of govern- 
ment by Thomas Butler and George Gillaspy, locating commissioners, on the 
20th day of June, 1849, as the following exact copy of their report, filed with the 
commissioners' clerk, P. M. Boyles, attests : 

**State of Iowa ) 
Madison County j 

"We the undersigned commissioners appointed by the first section of an act 
of the General Assembly of the State of Iowa for the location of the seat of 
justice of Madison County approved December 27, 1848, and after being sworn 
agreeable to the provisions of said act and after examining the situation of 
said county taking into consideration the future as well as the present population 
of said county do hereby establish and locate the seat of justice of said county 
upon the west half of the southwest quarter of section thirty-one, township 
seventy-six, range twenty-seven west, and the east half of southeast quarter 
of section thirty-six, township seventy-six, range twenty-eight west in the district 
of land subject to sale at Iowa City, Iowa, in said state. 

'*In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals at the place of 
location this 20th day of June, A. D. 1849. 

'Thomas Butler (Seal) ) Locating 
. "George Gillaspy (Seal) V Commissioners." 

The Commissioners' Court met in regular session on the second day of July, 
1849, but nothing appears of record in the minute book of that body bearing on 
the report of the locating commissioners. It is plainly evident, however, that 
the report had been filed, and the matter placed before the commissioners, as 
the following clearly shows : 

Ordered, That the county surveyor of Madison County proceed as soon as con- 
venient to lay off the seat of justice of said county, as follows: He shall lay 
off about eighty acres of the quarter located on as nearly as possible, extending 
it one-half mile east and west and one-quarter of a mile north and south as 

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nearly as circumstances will admit of, making the square as nearly as can be 
equally surround a stake set by the commissioners of said county, as the center 
of the public square of said seat of justice. 

Ordered, That the lots in the seat of justice shall be in length 132 feet north 
and south and 66 feet east and west. Alleys shall be laid out, running east and 
west through every square of one rod in width so as to divide the blocks equally, 
except the alleys of the two squares one on the east and the other on the west 
side of said public square, which shall run north and south. The streets shall 
be sixty-six feet in width running at right angles north and south and east and 
west through the length and breadth of said town, and said surveyor shall do 
all other work necessary to be done about said plat as is usual in said cases. 

Ordered, That William Gentry be authorized to employ some person to make 
800 stakes, 3 feet in length, 2j^ inches square, and haul said stakes on to said 
town plat as may be directed by said surveyor, said stakes to be made of burr 
or white oak timber and sound, square at the top and sharp end equally, so as 
to drive. 

Ordered, That P. M. Boyles, William Gentry, William Combs, David Bishop 
and Enos Berger be employed to assist said surveyor in the surveying of said 

Ordered, That the county seat of Madison County be called Winterset. 
Ordered, That A. D. Jones be requested to write an advertisement for publi- 
cation of the sale of lots in the town of Winterset, and that it be sent to the 
Iowa Star for publication. 

Ordered, That Charles Wright be employed to carry it to Fort Des Moines, 
to the office of said paper, for which he will be allowed the sum of $1.25, and that 
said notice shall be taken to said paper by Tuesday night next. 

Ordered, That the terms of sale of said lots shall be one-fourth cash in hand, 
and the balance in three installments of six months each, which shall be dis- 
charged by notes of equal size, given to the board of commissioners, who will, 
in turn, give a certificate of purchase to the buyer, which shall be presented to . 
said board for a deed when said land shall have been purchased from the general 
Government, and said notes discharged by said buyer. 

Ordered, That means be taken to borrow $150 for the purpose of entering 
the town quarter. 

Ordered, That E. R. Guiberson be authorized and empowered to effect a 
loan of $150 for the purpose of entering the quarter on which Winterset is situ- 
ated, and that he be authorized and empowered to execute notes or other instru- 
ments of writing necessary to obtain said sum of .money, and to assign our names 
to such instruments. 


There is more than one account of how the county seat came by its name. 
One account has it that when the county commissioners met, after the locating 
commission had made its report on the selection of a site for the county seat, 
that the commission had chosen the name of Independence for the capital, to 
which the Commissioners' Court objected, as there was another town of the same 

Vol. 1—3 

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name in the state. It .was thereupon suggested that Summerset would be a pleas- 
ing name, but it being in December and the weather very cold, one of the com- 
missioners recommended Winterset as being a more appropriate name, and the 
clerk being requested to write the word Winterset to see how it would look, it 
appeared attractive on paper and the name was adopted. This, however, does 
not tally with A. D. Jones* recollection of the circumstances, by and under 
which, the county seat was named. Among other events related by him in an 
article published in the History of Madison County (1879), ^^ has this to say 
in relation to the subject: 

"Combs, Bishop and Gentry were the first county commissioners. The locat- 
ing commissioners were Babbitt, Gillaspy and Bond, who located the county 
seat, and I think called it * Independence,* to which name I took exceptions and 
suggested that the name be not accepted by the county commissioners. I gave 
as reasons that there were other towns in the state by that name, and that it 
would produce confusion in our mail matter, together with other plausible 

"The commissioners concluded not to accept the name. Then came the dif- 
ficulty to obtain a suitable name for the new town. To all names offered a 
negative was given and they were numerous I assure you. At last some person 
suggested Summerset as the name, to which Bill Combs, who was lying down 
on a bench, roused up, and quite petulantly remarked that *you had better call 
it Winterset,' in derision, for we had a terrible scourge with the deep snow that 
winter. I at once suggested that would be a good name. Then Combs took 
exceptions to that, for he said it would prevent persons from coming to a country 
that was so cold, that they adopted cold names for their towns. I examined 
the postal register and found nothing like it except Winterseat in the State of 
North Carolina. I commenced urging the name and writing it and sticking it 
upon the wall, until I got them familiar with it, when the commissioners adopted 
and recorded it." — [The explanation of Jones seems to be generally accepted as 
the correct one. — Editor.] 


In the act to divide the Territory of Wisconsin and to establish the terri- 
torial government of Iowa, Congress extended over the new territory the exist- 
ing laws of Wisconsin, "so far as the same are not incompatible with the pro- 
visions of the act of separation.*' This measure was but a provisional one, 
however, subject to be altered, modified or repealed by the governor and legis- 
lative assembly of Iowa. A law of Wisconsin Territory, approved December 
20, 1837, had established a board of county commissioners in each county and 
this was the law of Iowa Territory until December 14, 1838, when the Terri- 
torial Legislature passed a similar law. Under this measure the boards of county 
commissioners administered the government of their respective counties until 
the adoption of the Code of 1851. Their duties were multifarious and they 
wielded immense power within the county. In 1851 the county judge was 
invested with the usual powers and jurisdiction of county commissioners and 
of a judge of probate. The old county judge system continued to be the law 

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Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, January 30, 1814: 
moved to Ohio, where he was educated: came to Polk 
County, Iowa, in 1846: was elected county surveyor and 
in July, 1846, platted the original Des Moines. Came to 
Madison County in June, 1848, settling at the ** Nar- 
rows '* near Tileville, where he opened a store. He was 
the first postmaster in this county, calling the office at 
his store ' * Montpelier. ' ' Assisted Sheriff Bilderback to 
organize the county and was chosen county surveyor and 
prosecuting attorney at first election, January 1, 1849. 
Laid out Winterset in 1849, Council Bluffs in 1852, and 
Omaha in 1854. Became first mayor of Omaha. 

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^\ I 

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of the state after the abolishment of the Commissioners' Court in 185 1 until the 
Eighth General Assembly passed what was popularly known as **the county 
supervisor law," which was included in the revision of i860. This provided for 
a board of supervisors, consisting of one from each civil township, to which was 
committed the administration of county affairs. This law remained on the 
statute book until the adoption of the Code of 1873, when the number was 
reduced to three persons in each county except in specified cases, when, it could 
be increased to five or seven. With this amendment, the county supervisor law 
has remained with no material change until the present time. The business affairs 
of Madison County were commenced while the county commissioners system was 
in operation, and the proceedings of that body are given in the next chapter. 

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The first meeting of the Commissioners* Court, composed of three persons 
whose powers and duties were similar to those of the present board of super- 
visors, was in a double log cabin, that stood near where the Tileville side track 
was laid, east of Winterset. No effort had as yet been made for the location 
of the county seat, but at the meeting of the Legislature in 1848, a commission 
of three persons was selected for the purpose, whose members failed to perform 
the duties imposed relative to the location of a seat of justice for Madison 
County, until late in June of the year 1849. Thus it was that Madison County 
had no capital town during the first six months of its political existence. 

The object of this chapter is to present to the reader the proceedings of the 
first legislative body and business agency of Madison County. The acts and 
enactments of the Commissioners* Court were of exceeding importance to the 
new community, as they were the foundation stones upon which the local gov- 
ernment and prosperity of the county were founded. The records of the 
Commissioners* Court, as kept by its clerk, or a deputy, indicate in a way the 
important matters passed upon by that body ; a faithful abstract of these records 
is here produced : 

Jan. 9, 1849. 

Ordered, that William Sturman and Leonard Bowman be accepted as security 
for John R. Beedle, constable elect, in the bond of $500. 

Ordered, that John Butler and Samuel B. Casebier be accepted as security 
for Daniel Chenoweth constable elect, in a bond of $500. 

Ordered, that Ephraim Bilderback, and George W. McClellan be accepted 
as security for Alfred D. Jones, county surveyor elect, in a bond of $500. 

Ordered, that all that part of said county which lies north of a line commenc- 
ing at a Government survey stake on the west line of said County, which is 
situated two miles north of the center of the County aforesaid, running thence 
easterly to the head timbers of the Howerton Branch, thence easterly to the head 
of Cedar creek, thence down the main channel of said Cedar Creek until it crosses - 
the Range line between Ranges 26 and 2^ West, thence on a direct east line to the 
East line of said County, shall constitute and be styled Union township, and the 
place of holding the first election in said township shall be at the home of Leonard 

Ordered, that all that part of said County which lies south of Union township 
in the county aforesaid and east of a line commencing at a ford where said 
Cedar creek crosses the Range line between Ranges 26 and 27 West, nmning 


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thence south to the main channel of Middle river in said county, and also all 
that part of said county which lies south of the main channel of said Middle 
river until it reaches the mouth of the large branch lying between Samuel Fleener 
and John Wilkinson, thence up said Branch until it reaches the main prairie 
divide, thence Westerly on said divide until it reaches the west line of said 
County, shall constitute and be styled South township and the place of holding 
the first election in said township shall be at the house of Nathan Viney. 

Ordered, that all that part of said county lying between Union and South 
townships in said county shall be constituted and styled Center township, and 
the place of holding the first election in said township shall be at the house of 
William M. Phipps. 

Ordered, that Union township in said county shall constitute the first Com- 
missioners' district in the County aforesaid. 

Ordered, that Center township in said County constitutes the second Commis- 
sioners' district in the county aforesaid. 

Ordered, that South township in said County constitutes the third Commis- 
sioners' district in the County aforesaid. 

Ordered, that Court adjourn until lo o'clock tomorrow morning. 
Ordered, lo o'clock, Feb. 20 inst.. Court met pursuant to adjournment. 
Ordered, that the account of Alfred D. Jones in amount $10.13 be allowed 
for services as deputy organizing sheriff of said county. 

Ordered, that the account of David Bishop in amount $2.50 be allowed for 
two days service as County Commissioner at this term. 

Ordered, that the account of William Gentry in amount $2.00 be allowed 
for two days ser\'^ices rendered as County Commissioner at this term. 

Ordered, that the account of William Combs in amount $2.00 be allowed 
for two days service rendered as County Commissioner at this term. 

Ordered, that the account of P. M. Boyles in amount $2.00 be allowed for 
two days services rendered as Commissioner's Clerk at this term. 

Ordered, that the place of holding the next regular session of the Commis- 
sioners' Court for said County shall be at the house of Porter Roberts in said 

Ordered, that Court adjourn. 

Attest, Philip M. Boyles, 
William Combs, 
William Gentry, 
David Bishop. 

Commissioners' Court, Madison County, Iowa, special term, February the 
19, 1849. 

In pursuance of previous notice being given, the commissioners of said county 
met at the house of Alfred D. Jones in the county aforesaid on 19th day of 
February, inst. 

Present Commissioners David Bishop, William Gentry, William Combs, 
Commissioners' Clerk P. M. Boyles, A. D. Jones Prosecuting Attorney and 
Ephraim Bilderback Sheriff of said County. 

The following orders were then made by said Commissioners and required 
to be placed upon the records of said County, viz : 

County Com's. 

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Ordered, that John Butler and Andrew Evans be accepted as security for 
Philip M. Boyles, Commissioner's Clerk elect, in a bond of $2,000. 

Ordered, that all accounts presented to this Court for payment shall be in 
writing and shall contain a bill of the several items which constitutes said account. 

Ordered, that the several county officers of said County, except the Probate 
Judg?, are hereby authorized to procure such books and stationery as may be 
necessary in the discharge of their respective official duties at the expense of the 
aforesaid county. 

Ordered, that the following shall be the form of the County orders to be issued 
by said Commissioner's Clerk, to wit : 

State of Iowa No. 5 Com'rs Office 

Madison County $1.00 Jan. term 1849 

Treasurer of said county pay to Alfred D. Jones, or order, one dollar for 
stationery furnished the Com'rs Clerk out of any money in the treasury appro- 
priated for county expenditures. By order of the Commissioners of said County. 

Attest, Philip M. Boyles. 


Ordered, Commissioners' Court, Madison County, Iowa, regular term, April 
the 9, 1849. 

Met according to law at the house of Porter Roberts in said county. Present, 
Cqmmissioners David Bishop, William Combs, William Gentry; Commissioners' 
Clerk, P. M. Boyles; A. D. Jones, Prosecuting Attorney, and Ephraim Bilder- 
back sheriff of said county. 

Ordered, that John R. Short and William M. Phipps be accepted as surety 
for Ephraim Bilderback, Assessor Elect, in a bond of $500.00. 

Ordered, that the account of Alfred D. Jones in amount of $15.00 be allowed 
for services rendered as Prosecuting Attorney of said county as per bill on file. 

Ordered, that the account of P. M. Boyles in amount $14.41 be allowed for 
services rendered as Commissioners' Clerk of said County. 

Ordered, that the account of Ephraim Bilderback in amount of $5.12^4 be 
allowed for services rendered as Sheriff of said County. 

Ordered, that the account of P. M. Boyles in amount $1.00 be allowed for one 
day attending Com's Court at this term as Com's Clerk. 

Ordered, that the account of Ephraim Bilderback in amount of $1.00 be 
allowed for one day attending Com's Court ^s Sheriff this term. 

Ordered, that the account of William Combs in amount $1.00 be allowed for 
one day services rendered as County Commissioner at this term. 

Ordered, that the account of David Bishop in amount $1.25 be allowed {or 
one day's services rendered as County Commissioner at this term. 

Ordered, that the account of William Gentry in amount $1.00 be allowed for 
one day's services rendered as County Commissioner at this term. 

Ordered, that the place of holding the first District Court of Madison County 
will be at the house of. Enos Berger in said County. 

Ordered, that the place of holding the next regular term of the Com's Court 
will be at the house of Enos Berger in said County. 

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Ordered, that Court adjourn. 

Attest : P. M. Boyles. 

William Combs 

David Bishop y County Com's. 

William Gentry 

Ordered, Com's Court, Madison County, Iowa, regular term, July the 2, 1849. 
Met according to law at the house of Enos Berger in said County. 

Present, Com's David Bishop, William Combs, William Gentry ; Com's Clerk, 
P. M. Boyles and Ephraim Bilderback, sheriff of said County. 

Ordered, that Court adjourn till 2 o'clock P. M. 2 o'clock inst. Court met 
pursuant to adjournment. 

Ordered, that the present assessment list of Madison County, Iowa, be received 
for the year 1849. 

Ordered, that Court adjourn till 8 o'clock tomorrow morning. 

8 o'clock inst. Court met pursuant to adjournment. 

Ordered, that there be a tax levied of 4 mills to the dollar for county purposes 
and 2 mills and a half to the dollar for state purposes and one mill to the dollar 
for school purposes. 

Ordered, that the Com's Clerk shall make out a tax list to the treasurer and 
issue a warrant to said treasurer for collection. 

Ordered that the Com's clerk shall make out an abstract of the assessment list 
which abstract shall contain the number'of polls, the amount of real estate and the 
amount of personal property, which abstract he shall forward to the Auditor of 

Ordered, that the account of P. M. Boyles in amount $3.29 be allowed for serv- 
ices rendered as Com's Clerk of said County. 

Ordered, that the account of P. M. Boyles in amount of $3.22 be allowed for 
services rendered as Com's Clerk of said County. 

Ordered, that the account of Enos Berger in amount 45 cents be allowed for 
stationery furnished said county previous to this term. 

Ordered, that Court adjourn till i o'clock P. M. 

I o'clock inst. Court met pursuant to adjournment. 

Ordered, that the account of E. Bilderback in amount $4.00 be allowed for 
services as Sheriff of said County. 

Ordered, that the county surveyor of Madison County proceed as soon as con- 
venient to lay off the Seat of Justice of said County as follows: He shall lay 
off about eighty acres of the quarter located on as nearly as practicable, extending 
it one half mile east and west and one quarter of mile north and south, as nearly 
as circumstances will admit of making the square and as nearly as can be equally 
around a stake, set by the Com's of said County, as the center of the public square 
of said Seat of Justice. 

Ordered, that the lots in the Seat of Justice shall be in length 132 feet north 
and south and 66 feet east and west; alleys shall be laid running east and west 
through every square of one rod in width so as to divide the blocks equally 
except the alleys of the two squares, one on the east and the other on the west 
side of said public square which shall run north and south ; the streets shall be 

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sixty-six feet in width running at right angles north and south and east and west 
through the length and breadth of said town ; and said surveyor shall do all the 
work necessary to be done about said plat as is usual in said cases. 

Ordered, that William Gentry be authorized to employ some person to make 
800 stakes to be 3 feet in length, 2J/2 inches square and haul said stakes onto said 
town plat as may be directed by said surveyor; said^ stakes to be made of burr or 
white oak timber and sawed square at the top and sharpened equally so as to 

Ordered, that P. M. Boyles, William Gentry, William Combs, David Bishop 
and Enos Berger be employed to assist said surveyor in the surveying of said 

Ordered, that the County seat Madison County be called Winterset. 

Ordered, that George Gillaspy be allowed $16.00 for services rendered as locat- 
ing Com. of said County. 

Ordered, that Thomas Butler be allowed $9.00 for services rendered as locat- 
ing Com. of said County. 

Ordered, that P. M. Boyles be allowed $2.00 for 2 days services rendered as 
Com's Clerk at this term. 

Ordered, that David Bishop be allowed $2.25 for 2 days services rendered 
ing Com. of said County. 

Ordered, that William Combs be allowed $2.00 for 2 days services rendered 
as Com. at this term. 

Ordered, that William Gentry be allowed $2.00 for 2 days services rendered 
as Com. at this termi 

Attest, P. M. Boyles. 
David Bishop 

William Combs y County Com's 
William Gentry 

Commissioner's Court, Madison County, Iowa, special term, July the 23, 1849: 

(Note: Every word hereinafter of proceedings of this session, except signa- 
ture of Commissioners, is in hand writing of Alfred D. Jones). 

Present, David Bishop, William Gentry, William Combs, Com*s, and P. M. 
Boyles, Com's Clerk. 

Ordered, that the plat and survey of the town of Winterset as made out by 
A. D. Jones, county surveyor of said county, on the 19th day of July, 1849, be 
received and placed on file in this office. 

Ordered, that lot number 6 in Block 17 be appraised at $30 and the lots as 
follows : 4 in B 17, $20; 2 in 17, $15 ; 8 in same, $25. 

Block 16 : lot 4 at $15, lot 2 at $12, lot 8 at $15, lot 6 at $14, lot- 
Block 15 : lot 5 at $15, lot 7 at $10, lot i at $8, lot 3 at $8. 

Block 18 : Lot 8 at $30, lot 2 at $20, lot 3 at $15. 

Block 19: No. I at $5 and 7 at $10, No. 3 at $8. 

Block 20: No. 8 at $10, No. 6 at $8, No. 4 and 2 at $5. 

Block 24: I at $25, 3 at $25, 5 and 7 at $12. 

Block 25 : 4 at $25, 2 at $20, 8 and 6 at $^5. 

Block 26: Lots I and 3 at $18, No's 5 and 7, $15. 

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Block 2j : I and 3 at $12, 5 and 7 at $8. 

Block 23 : 3 and 4 at $18, 8 at $10, 6 at $8. 

Block 22 : I at $20, 3 at $16, 7 and 5 at $10. 

Block 21 : I at $15, 3 at $10, 5 and 7 at $6. 

Block II : 5 at %22, 7 at $20, i and 2 at $10. 

Block 12 : 8 and 6 at $15, 4 and 3 at $10. 

Block 13 : 8 and 6 at $10, i and 2 at $5. 

Block 14 : 8 and 6 at $8, i and 2 at $5. 

Block 10: 5 and 7 at $15, 3 and 4 at $6. 

Block 9 : 5 and 7 at $10, 3 and 4 at $5. 

Block 8: 5 and 7 at $8, 3 and 4 at $5. 

5 and 6 in blocks 7, 5, 5, 4, 3, 2, i at $5. 

I and 2 in blocks 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, i at $3. 

3 and 4 in blocks 34, 33, 32, 31, 30, 29 and 28 at $5. 

7 and 8 in blocks 34, 33> 3^, 3i» 30» 29, 28, at $3. 

Ordered that A. D. Jones be requested to write an advertisement for publica- 
tion of the sale of lots in the town of Winterset and that it be sent to the Iowa 
Star for publication. 

Ordered, that Charles Wright be employed to carry it to Fort Des Moines to 
the office of said paper for which he will be allowed the sum of one dollar and 
twenty-five cents and that said notice shall be taken to said press by Tuesday 
night next. 

Ordered, that Court adjourn till i o'clock P. M. 

I o'clock inst. Court met pursuant to adjournment. 

Ordered, that the general sale of lots in the town of Winterset shall be on 
Wednesday the 22d day of August, A. D. 1849. 

Ordered, that the terms of sale of said lots shall be one fourth cash in hand 
and the balance in three installments of six months each which shall be dis- 
charged by notes of equal size given to the Board of Commissioners who will in 
turn give a certificate of purchase to the buyer which shall be presented to said 
Board for a deed when said land shall have been purchased from the General 
Government and said notes discharged by said buyer. 

Ordered, that notes given to the Board of Commissioners if not paid when 
they become due shall draw interest at the rate allowed by statute and if such 
notes should not all be discharged at the time the last becomes due then the 
lots for which said notes were given shall be forfeited and the money paid the 
county also forfeited to said County. 

Ordered, that E. R. Guiberson be appointed town lot agent for the town of 
Winterset in said county and that he shall receive such compensation as is usual 
in such cases and as he and said Board shall agree upon. 

Ordered, that the County donate to Enos Berger town lot number 2 in block 
22 in the town of Winterset as an equivalent for 80 acres of a claim on the lands 
on which the Seat of Justice is located. 

Ordered, that Charles Wright be appointed crier to sell the lots in the town 
of Winterset on the day appointed for the general sale. 

Ordered, that A. D. Jones be employed to make a sale plat for the town of 
Winterset to be ready on the day of sale for use. 

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Ordered, that William Gentry be allowed $3.75 for services as chain carrier 
in the town of Winterset. 

Ordered, that William Combs be allowed $3.75 for services on the town quarter 
of Winterset. 

Ordered, that Irvin Baum be allowed $3.75 for services on town quarter. 

Ordered, that P. M. Boyles be allowed $3.75 for services on town quarter. 

Ordered, that Enos Berger be allowed $3.75 for services on town quarter. 

Ordered, that John Deshaser be allowed $2.50 for 400 stakes for town quarter. 

Ordered, that Andrew Evans be allowed $2.50 for 400 stakes for town quarter. 

Ordered, that William Gentry be allowed $1.00 for stakes for town quarter. 

Ordered, that A. D. Jones be allowed $69.50 in town lot funds for services 
as surveyor and other services in such sums as said Jones may wish. 

Ordered, that William Combs be allowed $1.00 for services as Com'r. 

Ordered, that William Gentry be allowed. $1.00 for services as ComV. 

Ordered, that D. Bishop be allowed $1.25 for services as Com'r. 

Ordered, that P. M. Boyles be allowed $1.00 for services as ComV Clerk. 

Ordered, that Court adjourn. 

David Bishop 1 
William Combs I Com's 
William Gentry J 
Attest: P. M. Boyles, Com's Clerk. 

The record of proceedings from this time to the close of the year 1849 is in 
the hand writing of James Thombrugh, except the commissioners* signatures. 

Commissioners' Court, Madison County, Iowa, regular term, Oct. the ist, 1849. 
Present, Henry McKinzie, William Gentry, Com's and J. Thombrugh, Com's 

Ordered, the Com's Clerk be authorized to issue orders to all persons entitled 
to fees for services as judges and clerks and for canceling the polls. 

Ordered, that the ac't of the Des Moines Star be allowed $1.50. 

Ordered, that the ac't of P. M. Boyles for services as Com's clerk be allowed 

Ordered, that the ac't of E. Berger be allowed to the amount of $4.00 in town 
lot fimd for recording plat of Winterset. 

Ordered, that A. D. Jones be allowed $10.00 in town lot fund for sale plat and 
other services. 

Ordered, that William Compton be allowed 75 cents for furnishing one blank 
book for Judge of Probate. 

Ordered, that G. W. McClellan be allowed $1.75 for two blank books fur- 

Ordered, that J. Folwell be allowed $1.50 in town lot fund for services ren- 
dered on town quarter. 

Ordered, that Court adjourn until tomorrow morning 9 o'clock. 

Henry McKinzie ) ^ , 
William Gentry V 
Attest: J. Thombrugh, Com's Clerk. 

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Corn's Court met pursuant to adjournment. Present, N. S. Allcock, Com. 9 
o'clock, 2nd day of term. 

Ordered, that E. Bilderback be allowed $36.64 for cessing (assessing) said 
county and other services as sheriflf. 

Ordered, the petition of E. Berger and others calling for a road commencing 
at the north end of Front street in the town of Winterset in Madison County to 
nm thence on the nearest and best route to the East line of said county in the 
direction to F*t Des Moines be granted and the following gentlemen be appointed 
viewers : Silas Bams, Esq., Isaac Clanton, John Wilkinson, and that A. D. Jones 
be appointed surveyor on said road. Road bond of A. D. Jones and S. B. Casebier 
filed previous the granting of said petition and that said viewers and surveyor 
shall meet at the town of Winterset on the first day of Nov., 1849, or within five 
days thereafter, to commence said view and survey and proceed otherwise accord- 
ing to law. 

Ordered, that lot 3 in block 26 be donated to Samuel B. Casebier for eighty 
acres of claim on which the location was made for the town of Winterset. 

Ordered, that A. D. Jones be allowed two dollars in town lot funds for services 
as clerk at the sale of lots in Winterset. 

Ordered, that the petition of S. Bams and others calling for a road com- 
mencing at the northeast comer of the Public Square in the town of Winterset 
in Madison County on the nearest and most eligible route to the north line of 
said county in the direction to Penoach in Dallas County, Iowa, be granted and 
the following gentlemen be appointed viewers of said road: SS., Charles Wright, 
Samuel Crawford, Irvin Baum, and A. D. Jones be appointed surveyor on said 
road. Road bond of Silas Barns and Enos Berger filed previous to the granting 
said petition and that said viewers and surveyor shall meet at the town of Winter- 
set on the 20th day of Oct., A. D. 1849, or within five days thereafter, to 
commence said view and survey and proceed otherwise according to law. 

Ordered, that the petition of A. D. Jones and others calling for a road com- 
mencing at the south end of Front street in the town of Winterset to run from 
thence on the nearest and best route to Simmons and Casebier's mill on Middle 
river be granted and that the following gentlemen be appointed viewers on said 
road, viz: William Gentry, Silas Bams, Enos Berger, and A. D. Jones be ap- 
pointed surveyor of said road and that the viewers and surveyor shall meet at 
the town of Winterset on the isth day of Nov., 1849, or within five days there- 
after and proceed otherwise according to law. 

Ordered, that E. R. Guiberson be allowed $17.10 for services as School Fund 
Com. of said Co. 

Ordered, that E. R. Guiberson be allowed $25.00 in town lot funds for services 
as town lot agent. 

Ordered, that Enos Berger be allowed $4.00 for 8 days' house rent for 
holding court for said Co. 

Ordered, that Court adjourn until 9 o'clock tomorrow moming. 

Henry McKinziel 
William Gentry j-Com's 
N. S. Allcock J 

Attest: J. Thombrugh, Com's Clerk. 

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Corn's Court met pursuant to adjournment, 3rd day of term, 9 o'clock. 

Ordered, that there be a court house built in the town of Winterset, Madison 
County, Iowa. Description as follows, viz : Of hewed oak logs twenty by twenty 
four feet square, two story high, first nine ft., second eight ft., said building to 
be let out at the lowest bidder on the third Saturday of Oct., A. D. 1849. 

Ordered, that the Com's Clk be employed to write a specification of said house 
and also to write four advertisements for letting out said building. 

Ordered, that William Gentry be allowed five dollars for two days' services 
rendered as Com. of said County. 

Ordered, that William Gentry be allowed two dollars and 50 cents for one day's 
services rendered as Co. Com. at this term in town lot fund. 

Ordered, that Henry McKinzie be allowed five dollars for two days' service 
rendered as Com. at this term. 

Ordered, that Henry McKinzie be allowed two dollars and fifty cts in town 
lot funds for one day's serv^ice as Com. at this term. 

Ordered, that N. S. Allcock be allowed two dollars and fifty cts. for one day's 
service, rendered as Com. at this term. 

Ordered, that N. S. Allcock be allowed two dollars and fifty cts in town lot 
funds for one day's service as Com. at this term. 

Ordered, that James Thombrugh be allowed ten dollars for services as Com's 

Ordered, that J. Thombrugh be allowed four dollars in town lot funds for 
one day's service rendered as Com's Clk and filing certificates of lots sold. 

Ordered, that Court adjourn. 

Henry McKinzie ^ 
William Gentry ^ Com's 
N. S. Allcock J 

Attest : J. Thombrugh, Com's Clk. 

Special term, Oct. 20th, A. D. 1849, Com's Court, Madison County, Iowa. 
Present, Henry McKinzie and William Gentry, Com's. 

Ordered, that the court house in Winterset be reversed (reduced) to a one 
story house eighteen by thirty feet square. 

Ordered, that Henry McKinzie be allowed two dollars and fifty cts of the 
town lot fund for one day service as Com. 

Ordered, that William Gentry be allowed two dollars and fifty cts of the town 
lot fund for one day service as Com. 

Ordered, that J. Thombrugh be allowed three dollars of the town lot fund for 
services rendered as Com's Clerk. 

Ordered, that Court adjourn. 

Henry McKinzie 

Attest : J. Thombrugh, Com's Clerk. 

William Gentry ^ 

Commissioners' Court, Madison County, Iowa, special term, Dec. 14, 1849. 
Present, Henry McKinzie, William Gentry, and J. Thornbmgh, Com's Clerk. 

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Ordered that a license be granted to William Compton to keep grocery, in said 
County, for the term of twelve months. 

Ordered, that means be taken to borrow 150 dollars for the purpose of enter- 
ing the town quarter. 

Ordered, that E. R. Guiberson be authorized and empowered to effect a loan 
of one hundred and fifty dollars for the purpose of entering the quarter on which 
Winterset is situated and that he be authorized and empowered to execute notes 
or other instruments of writing necessary to obtain said sum of rtioney and to 
assign (sign) our names to such instrument. 

Ordered, that the account of J. Thombrugh be allowed the amount of seven 
dollars for services as Com*s Clerk. 

Ordered, that Court adjourn until next regular meeting. 

Co. Com's 

Attest : J. Thombrugh, Com's Clerk. 

Henry McKinzie 
William Gentry 

Winterset, Iowa, Jan. 7, 1850. 

Present Commissioners Henry McKinzie, William Gentry and Norval S. 
Allcock ; David Bishop, deputy Commissioners' Clerk. 

Road petition by Joel Clanton and others for a county highway commencing 
at county line east of Joel Clanton*s farm, thence by the nearest and best route 
to Simmons & Casebier's itiill on Middle river granted. Viewers appointed were 
Samuel Peter, Philip Boyles and Daniel Vancil, and A. D. Jones surveyor, who 
were directed to meet at house of Joel Clanton March ist, 1850, or within 5 days 
thereafter, and proceed to view and mark said road. 

Report of Enos Berger, County Treasurer, received and he was directed to 
make out and post written abstracts of receipts and expenditures as required by 

Court adjourned until tomorrow morning. 

January 8, 1850. Court met pursuant to adjournment — present same as yes- 

Enos Berger allowed $7 for one blank book and commission for collecting 

Commissioners' clerk instructed to issue orders to jurors according to law 
when called for. 

Road petition by Thomas Cason and others for a county highway "Com- 
mencing at the county line where the road crosses the same running by Esqur 
Adamson's to the Lynn Grove and from thence on the East side of Thomas 
Cason's farm near the house, thence on the nearest and best route to the county 
line in the direction of Pisgah," was granted. Viewers appointed were John 
Wilkinson, Samuel Fleener and Levi Bishop, and A. D. Jones sur\'eyor and 
directed to meet at Esqur Adamson's on the 2nd Monday of March, 1850, to view 
and mark said road. 

E. Bilderback, sheriflF, allowed $8 for summoning petit jury for May terpi, 
1849. Also be allowed $16 for summoning grand and petit juries for September 
term of the District Court, 1849. 

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E. R. Guiberson ordered to use $50 of the town lot fund for "entering the town 

Road petition by A. D. Jones and others for a county highway commencing 
at the north end of Front street in Winterset, thence on the nearest and best 
route in the direction of Fort Des Moines to the east line of county was granted. 
Viewers were- Asa Mills, D. H. Whited and Samuel B. Casebier and A. D. Jones 
surveyor and directed to meet at Winterset on the 4th Monday in March, 1850, 
to view and mark said road. 

Commissioners McKinzie and Gentry each allowed $2.50 out of the town 
lot fund for services as Commissioners at the special meeting of the Court Dec. 
14, 1849. 

Commissioners McKinzie, Gentry and Allcock each allowed $5 for two days 
services attending January term, 1850. 

David Bishop allowed $4 for services as deputy commissioners' clerk, January 
term, 1850. 

Adjourned until tomorrow morning. 

January 9, 1850, Court met pursuant to adjournment — present same as yes- 

Following lots in Winterset were appraised, viz : 





































































- 50 






















Public sale of lots. ordered on Feby i, 1850, and advertisements thereof by 

posting written notices and by two insertions in the Iowa Star (at Des Moines). 

Report of the Locating Commissioners (Commissioners appointed by the 

State Legislature to locate seat of justice of Madison County) ordered recorded. 

The following accounts were allowed and ordered paid out of the lot fund : 

A. D. Jon^s, making out papers for entering town quarter $2.00 

Henry McKinzie, services ComV Jan. term 2.50 

N. S. Allcock, services Com'r Jan. term 2.50 

William Gentry, services Com'r Jan. term 2.50 

David Bishop i day's service deputy elk 2.00 

Adjourned. (Minutes signed by each commissioner and atteste4 by D. Bishop, 
deputy elk). 

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Special term, Feb. 8, 1850. Present Henry McKinzie and William Gentry, 
Commissioners, and Jas. Thombrugh, Com's Clk. 

Ordered, that S. B. and D. J. Casebier be paid $50 out of lot fund in part 
payment for building court house. 

James Thombrugh allowed $3.05 out of lot fund for services as Com*s Clk. 
Ordered, that all lots sold at public sale and forfeited by purchaser shall not be 
subject to private entry. 

Lot I in block 16 appraised at $10 for purpose of erecting a school house for 
the district including the town. 

Following accounts allowed on the lot fund: 

Jas. Thombrugh, i day's service Com's clk $2.00 

H. McKinzie, i day's service Com'r 2.50 

William Gentry, i day's service Com'r ^ 2.50 

Adjoumed. (Signed by each Com'r and attested by J. Thombrugh, clerk). 

R^;ular April term. Board met April 8, 1850. Present, Henry McKinzie, Wil- 
liam Gentry and Norval S. AUcock, commissioners, and James Thombrugh, clerk. 

Bills allowed on lot f tmd : 

A. D. Jones, services at dot sate and blank book $ 3.00 

James Thombrugh, services and fees as com's clk 12.82 

John Allen Pitzer employed to procure Copy of the field notes of Madison 

Adjoumed to 9 A. M., April 9th. 

April 9, 1849, Commissioners met pursuant to adjournment. Present the same 
as yesterday. 

Ordered, that the report of a road, commencing at the north end of Front 
street, running thence in the direction to Adel to the county line of said county, 
be received and the same is hereby established as a county road and ordered to 
be opened ; that Charles Wright be allowed three dollars as viewer on said road ; 
that A. D. Jones be allowed $12.50 for services as surveyor on said road. 

Ordered, that the report of a road, commencing at the south end of Front 
street, running thence to Simmons & Casebier's Mill in said County, be received 
and the same is hereby made a coimty road and ordered to be cut out thirty feet 
wide: that E. Berger be allowed $2.84 for recording county orders; that the 
town quarter on the south be surveyed into lots containing one and four-fifths 
of an acre as far east as the old survey with no streets mnning East and West ; 
that Charles Wright be allowed $1 for services rendered at lot sales in Winterset ; 
that the following described lots be appraised as follows, to wit : 

Lot Block Value Lot Block Value Lot Block Value 
3 17 $50 7 12 $15 8 4 $10 ' 























































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■ Lot 

































































































































































- 8 





















































, 21 
























































Ordered, that a sale of lots take place in the town of Winterset on the 30th 
day of May, next, terms of sale to be one-third in hand and one-third in 12 

Ordered, that James Thombrugh be allowed $6.50 for stationery for county, 
A. Q. Rice $2.44 for opening poll books, Henry McKinzie, N. S. Allcock and 
William Gentry each $2.50 for i day's service as Commissioner this term, James 
Thombrugh $2 for i day's service as Clerk this term. 

Ordered, that H. McKinzie, N. S. Allcock and William Gentry be allowed $2.50 
each out of the lot fund for one day's service as Commissioner this term and James 
Thombrugh $2 out of lot fund for one day's service as clerk this term. 

Ordered, that lot 8 in block 14 be donated to the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and all other denominations can have a lot of the same quality. 

Ordered, that the Court adjourn. (Signed by each Commissioner and attested 
by the clerk). ' 

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Special term, May 3, 1850. Commissioners' Court, Madison County, Iowa. 
Present, Henry McKinzie, William Gentry, Commissioners, and J. Thombrugh, 

Ordered, that the Court House be received, by the contractors pointing the 
underpinning and repairing the roof ; that S. B. and D. J. Casebier be allowed $100 
balance on Court House; that Henry McKinzie and William Gentry each be 
allowed $2.50 out of the lot fund for one day's service at this term and J. Thom- 
brugh $2 for a day's service as clerk this term out of lot fund. Adjourned. 
(Signed by the two Commissioners present and by the clerk). 

Commissioners' Court met special term. May 30th, 1850. Present, Henry 
McKinzie, N. S. Allcock and William Gentry, and James Thornbrugh, Com'r's 

Ordered, that the following described lots be appraised as follows, viz., lying 
in the additional survey on the south end of Winterset : 














25 » 



































Ordered, that the sale of lots be continued on the succeeding day ; that Court 
adjourn. (Signed by each of the Commissioners and attested by the Clerk). 

Note : All the future proceedings of the Commissioners' Court are in the hand- 
writing of Israel D. Guiberson. As may be observed, he not only appeared to be 
deputy commissioners' clerk but also wrote the commissioners' names to the record 
from the following July term to the next April term. There was criticism because 
he signed up the record and thereafter the commissioners wrote their own signa- 
tures to it. James Thombrugh continued in office as clerk but henceforth failed 
to write any portion of the record or even sign his own name in attest. Mr. 
Thombrugh remained in this office until its abolishment, August, 1851, at which 
time the conmiissioner system was succeeded by a county judge. It will be ob- 
served that the following proceedings of the July term are queeried as to dates but 
the whole record is reproduced here, as it appears in the original. The record 
shows that the commissioners drew pay for three days in session, while it only 
gives proceedings of two days, and same as to clerk. Query. — Wa» one day's 
proceedings entirely omitted from the record by the acting clerk ? 

July term, 1850, July i, 9 o'clock A. M., Commissioners' Court met at the 
Court House in the town of Winterset, Madison County, Iowa. Present, Henry 
McKinzie, Norval S. Allcock and William Gentry, Commissioners, and James 
Thombrugh, Commissioners' Clerk. 

A petition of Enos Berger and numerous other citizens of Madison County 

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being presented praying for the grant of a road forty feet wide running as follows, 
to wit : Beginning at the east end of Court avenue in the Town of Winterset and 
running easterly to the former residence of A. D. Jones in said county, thence 
following the dividing ridge to the top of the same westerly of the house of G. W. 
fMcClellan, thence northeasterly to a place west of where the California track 
passes said house, thence east to a ridge that leads directly to the dividing ridge, 
thence along said ridge passing the house of John C. Carroll where the California 
track passes said house, thence the nearest and best route for a road along said 
dividing ridge to the county line in the direction of Dudley on the Des Moines 
river ; it was ordered that the same be granted and the-f oUowing named persons be 
appointed viewers on said road, to wit: Charles Wright, William Combs, Irvin 
Baum ; also ordered that A. D. Jones be appointed surveyor and that viewer and 
surveyor shall meet on the ist Monday in September, 1850, or within five days 
thereafter, to proceed to view and survey said road as th6 law directs. It was 
also ordered by said Board that the account of Charles Wright calling for $2 
for services rendered as salesman of town lots be allowed out of the town lot 
fund ; that account of E. R. Guiberson calling for $7 for services rendered on the 
town plat on quarter be allowed out of the town lot fund ; that account of I. D. 
Guiberson calling for $3 for services rendered as Prosecuting Attorney at May 
term, 1850, be allowed. Whereupon Court adjourned until tomorrow at 9 o'clock. 
July 2nd, 9 o'clock. Board of Commissioners met pursuant to adjournment 
and passed the following, orders, to wit : That the assessment of Madison County 
be received ; that account of S. Bams sum of $32 be allowed for services as Sheriff ; 
that account of E. Berger sum of $5.50 be allowed out of town lot fund for services 
as County Recorder and one dollar of the County revenue for stationery; that 
account of James Thombrugh sum of $17.40 be allowed for services as Commis- 
sioners' Clerk; that there be a tax of four mills on the dollar levied for county 
purposes and 2j^ mills for state purposes and J4 mill for school purposes — making 
in all 7 mills on the dollar; that Henry McKinzie, N. S. Allcock and William 
Gentry each be allowed $2.50 out of the town lot fund for one day's services as 
Commissioner; that William Gentry be allowed $1.25 for services on town quar- 
ter; that $1.75 be allowed James Thombrugh for services as Commissioners' 
Clerk; that H. McKinzie, N. S. Allcock and William Gentry be allowed $5 each 
for services as the Board of Commissioners at this term ; that license be granted 
John H. Dougherty and Stephen T. Barber to keep a grocery in the town of Win- 
terset for the term of 12 months from this date; that James Thombrugh be al- 
lowed $4 for two days' services as Commissioners' Clerk at this term. It was 
thereupon ordered that Court adjourn sine die. (Commissioners' names all signed 
by I.^D. Guiberson, also clerk's name by same.) 

October Term, Madison County, Oct. 7, A. D. 1850. Commissioners' Court 
met pursuant to law. Present, Henry McKinzie, Norval S. Allcock and Edmond 
Wood, Commissioners, and James Thombrugh, commissioners' clerk, whereupon 
they proceeded to transact the business of the County pertaining to their office, 
when it was ordered that the petition of Jesse Young and others asking for a road 
^ commencing at the county line of Madison east of Joel M. Clanton's farm, mnning 
thence the nearest and best route to Winterset, be granted, and the following 

Digitized by 



persons were appointed viewers thereon, to wit: Absolom McKinzie, S. Bams 
and John Dorrell, and Simmons Rutty, surveyor, all to meet at the house of J. M. 
Clanton on the ist Nov., 1850, or within 5 days thereafter; that William Gentry 
be allowed $7.50 for services by guarding prisoners; that S. Bams be allowed 
$43.75 for services as Sheriff; that P. M. Boyles be allowed $7 for services by 
guarding prisoner; that E. R. Guiberson be allowed $1.85 as J. P. in case of State 
against Nunn ; that A. McKinzie be allowed 50 cents for services as constable in 
same case ; that A. D. Jones be allowed $9.75 of the town lot fund for services 
on town quarter; that I. D. Guiberson be allowed $13 for services as prosecuting 
attorney ; that William Wear, jailer of Polk County, be allowed $3.12^/^ for attend- 
ing on prisoner from Madison County ; that the sheriflF of Polk County be allowed 
$6.40 for services rendered as sheriff in case of State vs. Nunn ; that A. McKinzie 
be allowed $1 for services as bailiff at the last term of District Court; that Court 
adjourn until 2 o'clock tomorrow. 

October 8th Court met pursuant to adjoumment, whereupon it was ordered 
that E. R. Guiberson be allowed $34 for services as School Fund Commissioner ; 
that E. R. Guiberson be allowed $7.75 out of the town lot fund for services as 
town lot agent; that E. R. Guiberson be authorized to give a contract to the lowest 
bidder for ceiling and otherwise repairing and finishing the rooms of the Court 
House, also to fumish stove flues in same, to be completed by the i8th of Nov., 
1850, also to purchase a stove for one room of house; that the account for grand 
jury be allowed; that James Thombrugh be allowed $8.40 for services as Com- 
missioners* Qerk; that James Thombrugh be allowed $3.50 of the lot fund for 
services as Commissioners' Qerk; that $23.57^/4 be allowed James Thombrugh 
for services as Commissioners' Clerk; that H. McKinzie, N. S. Allcock and E. 
Wood as commissioners and James Thombrugh as clerk be each allowed $2.50 
for services at this term; that H. McKinzie, N. S. Allcock, E. Wood each be 
allowed $2.50 of the town lot fund and James Thombrugh $2 of the same each 
for services rendered at this term ; that Court adjoum. ( Names of each commis- 
sioner and of the clerk signed by I. D. Guiberson.) 

April term, April 14th, 185 1. Commissioners' Court met pursuant to law. 
Present, Henry McKinzie, N. S. Allcock and Edward Wood, Commissioners, and 
James Thombrugh, Commissioners' Clerk, whereupon it was ordered that E. R. 
Guiberson be allowed $8 of the town lot fund for writing deeds ; that P. M. Boyles 
be allowed $1 for wood; that James Thombrugh be allowed $17.30; that Court 

2 o'clock P. M. Court met pursuant to adjoumment. Ordered that James 
Thombragh be allowed $1.30; that James Thombrugh be allowed $2.25 of the 
town lot fund. 

That the petition of Charles Wright and others calling for a road commencing 
in the town of Winterset in Madison County, Iowa, to run thence south 80 rods, 
thence on the most practicable route to or near Bertholf's mill on Middle river, 
thence on the most practicable route to the south line of the county in the direction 
of Pisgah, be granted, and that Samuel Peter, J. M. Watson and Silas Bams be 
appointed viewers and Simmons Rutty surveyor of said road who shall meet at 

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Winterset on the ist Monday of June, A. D. 1851, or within five days thereafter, 
and proceed to view and survey said road according to law ; that E. R. Guiberson 
be allowed $46.33 of the town lot fund for repairing Court House and purchasing 
stove for same; that the accounts of the judges and clerks of election for Superin- 
tendent be allowed ; that Court adjourn until tomorrow morning at 9 o'clock A. M. 

April 15th, 9 o'clock A. M. Commissioners met pursuant to adjournment. 
Ordered, that Absolom McKinzie as Constable be allowed $1 for posting up notices 
of April election and mileage for the same; that Enos Berger be allowed $1.04 
for collecting taxes ; that final settlement be made with Enos Berger, late Treas- 
urer, whereupon settlement was made and received of him in full for the tax list 
of 1849; that E. R. Guiberson be allowed $1.50 of the town lot fund for writing 
town lot deeds ; that the account of E. R. Guiberson for $466.80 for money paid 
to George Homback entering land for town and money paid Thombrugh be 
allowed of the town lot fund; that accounts of N. S. Allcock, Henry McKinzie 
and Edward Wood be allowed each $2.50 of the town lot fund for one day's serv- 
ices as Commissioners this term ; that Henry McKinzie, N. S. Allcock and Edward 
Wood each be allowed $2.50 for one day's services as Commissioners at this term ; 
that James Thombrugh be allowed $2 of the town lot fund for services as Commis- 
sioners' Clerk at this term ; that James Thombrugh be allowed $2 for one day's 
services as Clerk at this term ; that Court adjourn. (Signed by each commissioner 
himself, but not attested by any one as clerk.) 

July Term, July 7th, 1851. Commissioners met pursuant to law. Present, 
Henry McKinzie, N. S. Allcock and Edward Wood, Commissioners, and I. D. 
Guiberson, deputy clerk. Ordered, that John Wilhoit be allowed 75 cents for 
wood; that Court adjourn. 

I o'clock P. M. Court present. Henry McKinzie, N. S. Allcock and Edward 
Wood, Commissioners, and I. D. Guiberson, Com'r's Clerk. Ordered, that the 
report of the county road leading from the county line east of Joel M. Clanton's 
farm in Madison County, Iowa, mnning thence to Winterset, the County seat 
of said County, be recorded ; that James Thombrugh as Commissioners' Clerk be 
allowed $5.75 ; that James Thombmgh be allowed $2.05 for services as Commis- 
sioners' Clerk out of town lot fund ; that Simmons Rutty be allowed $7.50 as sur- 
veyor on Clanton road; that George Smith* be allowed $2.75 for carrying chain 
on above road; that Royal Uran be allowed $3.75 for carrying chain on 
above road ; that J. M. Clanton be allowed $3.75 for marking on said road ; that 
S. Barns be allowed $4.50 as viewer on said road ; that John Dorrell be allowed 
$4.50 for services as viewer on said road; that the account of James Thom- 
brugh for $232.50 of the town lot fund be allowed; that E. R. Guiberson be 
allowed of the town lot fund amount $132; that Court adjoum. 

July 8th, 1851. Court met at 9 o'clock. Present, Henry McKinzie, N. S. 
Allcock and Edward Wood, Commissioners, and I. D. Guiberson, deputy Com- 
missioners' Clerk. E. R. Guiberson, Commissioners' agent to sell lots in the 
town of Winterset, Iowa, reported the following, to wit : 

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A statement of lots sold and funds on hand : 

No. of lots sold 157 

Amount of sales $2,200.25 

Amount of orders redeemed i»375-i3 

Amount of notes on hand 478.00 

Amount of cash on hand 347-12 

up to July 8th, 185 1. 

E. R. Guiberson, T. L. Agent. 

Ordered, that the time of payment of notes now in the hands of the T. L. 
Agent for town lots be prolonged six months from the time said notes are due ; 
provided the makers of said notes will come forward and execute new notes 
payable six months after date on conditions that the lots for which said notes 
are given shall forfeit to the county if said notes are not paid on or before the day 
on which the notes become due, at ten per cent interest ; that the Town Lot Agent 
be authorized to loan the town lot fund to any person, by taking security, who 
is a freeholder, at ten per cent interest, provided that the amount loaned to any 
one person at the same time shall not exceed fifty dollars nor be loaned for a 
longer time than 12 nor less than 6 months. 

Ordered, that the boundaries on South township be changed as follows, to wit : 
Commencing at the east line of the county on Middle river, to run thence west 
following the meanderings of said river to the mouth of Porter's Branch, thence 
south following the meanderings of said Branch to the center of section 15, town- 
ship 75 of range No. 27, thence direct to the center of section 23 in said town- 
ship and range, thence east with Jones Creek to the mouth of a branch running 
between John Dorrell's and Mathew Jones* farms, thence up the said branch to 
the divide, thence down a branch running in an easterly direction to Clanton's 
Creek, thence up said creek to the mouth of the Frely Branch, thence with 
said Branch to the dividing ridge, thence east direct to the east line of said 
county; that Court adjourn. 

Ordered, that a new township, to be called *'Walnut," be organized in Madison 
County, Iowa, which shall be bounded as follows, to wit: Commencing at the 
center of the south line of section 15 in township No. 75 of range No. 27 in 
said county, to run thence in a westerly direction along the dividing ridge to the 
west line of said county, thence south to the southwest comer of the county, 
thence east to the southeast comer of said county, thence to the place of beginning,, 
running along the south boundaries of South township ; that A. J. Stark, J. W. 
Guiberson and John C. Johnson be appointed Trustees of said Walnut township 
and that the place of holding elections be at the house of A. J. Stark. 

Ordered, that a new township, to be called **East" township, be organized in 
Madison County, Iowa, to be bounded as follows, to wit: Commencing at the 
east line of said county on Middle river, to run thence west along the meander- 
ings of said river to the southeast line (comer) of section 34 in township 76 of 
range 27, thence directly north to the north line of said County, thence east fol- 
lowing the north and east lines around said County to the place of beginning;. 

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that George W. McClellan, John Carroll and Seth Adamson be appointed 
Trustees for said county (township). 

Ordered, that there be a new township organized in Madison (to) be called 
"Madison" and bounded as follows, to wit: Commencing at the southwest 
comer of section 25 of range No. 28 in township No. 76, to run thence west along 
the dividing ridge to the west line of said county, thence north along said line 
to the north line of said county, thence east along the north line of said county 
to the west line of Union township, thence south along said line to the place of 
beginning, and George Fry, Irvin Baum and William Combs be appointed Trus- 
tees, and the place of election be at George Fry's. 

Ordered, that the boundaries of Union township be changed as follows, to wit : 
Commencing at the N. E. Corner of section 34 (27) in township No. 76, of range 
No. 27, to run thence west, following up the meanderings of Cedar river to the 
southwest comer of section 25 in township 76, of range 27 (28), thence north to 
the north line of said county, thence east to the west line of East township, thence 
south along said line to the place of beginning. 

Ordered, that James Thornbrugh be allowed $2.87^/2 for services as District 
Clerk; that the time of the contract with James Thornbrugh for building and 
completing a jail in the town of Winterset be changed from the ist of October, 
1 85 1, to the ist of January, 1852; that E. R. Guiberson be authorized to receive 
from time to time the rent due town lot fund from district No. 2 in Center 
township for the use of one room of the Court House; that A. D. Jones be 
allowed $50 for his services as School Fund Commissioner for the term of seven 
months commencing on the 9th day of September, 1850, and ending with the 
1st day April, A. D. 1851; that Court adjoum. 

July 9th, Court met pursuant to adjoumment, whereupon it was ordered, 
that A. D. Jones be allowed $2 for stationery as School Fund Commissioner; 
that E. R. Guiberson be allowed $6.50 on the town lot fund for writing deeds; 
that the addition to the east part of the town of Winterset be laid out into lots, 
so as to make two tier of lots running North and South and so as to have two 
lots lie together east and west, and that the County Surveyor be required to lay* 
off the same by the 25th of July, 1851 ; that there be four mills tax levied on 
each dollar of all the taxable property of Madison County for county purposes 
and one-half mill on the dollar for school purposes ; that $87 be deducted from 
the assessment of Aquilla Smith ; that Otho Davis be allowed $8.32 for services 
as Treasurer; that Henry McKinzie, N. S. AUcock and Edward Wood each be 
allowed $5 for services as Commissioners at this term; that James Thornbmgh 
be allowed $4 for two days services as Commissioners' Clerk at this term ; that 
Henry McKinzie, N. S. Allcock and Edward Wood each be allowed $2.50 out of 
the town lot fund for services as Commissioners at this term ; that James Thom- 
brugh be allowed $2 out of the lot fund for one day's services as Commissioners' 
Clerk be required to advertise the August election to be held in Walnut, East 
and Madison townships on the ist Monday of August, 185 1, according to the 
provision of statute; that Court adjoum. (Signed by each Commissioner but not 

Special term Commissioners' Court, July 26th, 1851, Commissioners' Court 

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met pursuant to law. Present, Henry McKinzie and Edward Wood, Commis- 
sioners, and I. D. Guiberson, deputy Commissioners' Clerk, whereupon it was 
ordered that S. Bams be allowed $30 for assessing. 

Ordered, that the outlots to the addition on the east side of the town of Winter- 
set be appraised as follows, to wit: 





































Ordered, that the account of hands and surveyor in surveying East addition 
to the town of Winterset, amounting to $12.50, be allowed of the town lot fund; 
that A. D. Jones be allowed $25 for services as School Fund Commissioner; that 
Simmons Rutty be allowed $1 of the town lot fund for services surveying; that 
there be a public sale of outlots to the East addition of the town of Winterset, 
that the same be advertised to take place on the 9th day of August, A. D. 1851 ; 
that A. D. Jones be employed to cry the sale of outlots on the 9th day of August, 
1851, and that he be allowed $1 for the same of the town lot fund; that Henry 
McKinzie and Edward Wood be allowed each $2.50 of the town lot fund for 
one day's services as Commissioner; that I. D. Guiberson be allowed $2 for 
service as Commissioners' Clerk; that the term of sale of the outlots promised 
at this term be one-third down, one-third in six and twelve months from the date 
of sale; that Court adjourn. (Signed by the two commissioners but not attested 
by the clerk.) 

Special term, July 28th, 185 1, Commissioners met. Present, Henry Mc- 
Kinzie, N. S. Allcock and Edward Wood, Commissioners, James Thombrugh, 
Commissioners' Clerk. Ordered, that the act of Commissioners passed at the 
regular July term, 1851, relative to the levy of taxes be and is hereby repealed; 
that there be a tax of three mills levied on each dollar value of all the assessed 
property within the County of Madison for State purposes; that there be a tax 
of one mill on each dollar value of all the assessed property in the County of 
Madison for roads and bridges ; that there be a poll tax of one dollar for the use 
of roads levied on each individual liable to pay such tax by the provision of 
statute; that there be a school tax of one-half mill on each dollar value levied 
on all the taxable property of Madison County; that there be three and a half 
mills levied on each dollar value of ail the assessed taxable property of Madison 
County for county purposes ; that there be a poll tax of 50 cents, levied on each 
person liable to pay such tax, for county purposes; that Henry McKinzie, N. S. 
Allcock and Edward Wood each be allowed $2.50 for one day's service as Com- 
missioner; that I. D. Guiberson be allowed $2 for service as Commissioners' 
Qerk; that Court adjourn. (Signed by each of the three commissioners but not 
attested by any one as clerk.) 

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County Court, Madison County, Iowa, Sept. Term, A. D. 1851. 

Be it remembered that on the 2nd day of Sept. A. D. 1851, the Court met 
pursuant to law. Present, John A. Pitzer, Judge. 

Sept. 2, 185 1, ordered that the road plat heretofore filed for the location of a 
road to be located from the south end of Front street in the town of Winterset, 
running south to the south line of Madison County, be and the same is hereby, 
established (and) recorded. There being no further business it is ordered that 
the Court adjourn until the next term in course. 

This Commissioners Court record is the first book of record and therefore the 
oldest of all the county records. 

It is a book of which the pages are 6% x y^ inches and the cover 6j4 x 7% 
inches. The cover is heavy pasteboard with sheep leather across the back; the 
cover a mottled brown shaded with some more dark than light. The book is 
strongly sewed and is in fine condition of preservation, except that the leather 
backing of the front cover is torn from end to end, but the cover itself is held 
on by the middle two cords of binding. 

The book contains 72 leaves, including 4 fly leaves unruled. The other leaves 
are ruled in blue, y^ inch between lines — 21 lines to the page with Space equal 
to a line at bottom and nearly 2 line space at top margin. Being ruled for an 
account book, each page has three vertical lines — the first ij4 inch on left hand 
side of page from edge of page ; the other two vertical lines at right side of page, 
the first of which is Ij4 inch and the second ^ from right side — vertical lines 
a yellow color. The paper is of good quality. The cost price is marked "40c" 
with a heavy flourish on upper front first fly leaf. 

The four writers of the record all used a good quality of ink — P. M. Boyles, 
James Thombrugh, I. D. Guiberson and A. D. Jones. 

The written contents of the record, including all the signatures of the com- 
missioners, are nearly as bright as when written. However, the line ruling is quite 
faded and the paper itself shows its age. 

The book has seldom been opened or handled since that September day in 
1 85 1, when Judge Pitzer made the last record on the next to the very last page. 
There is scarcely a blot or "crossed out" word in all the records written by Boyles, 
Thombrugh and Jones. Guiberson's portion of the record is not blotted nor other- 
wise defaced, except there is considerable written in that he "crossed out*' with his 
pen which, with evident omissions of record, mars an otherwise fine record. 

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Since its inception Madison County has been called upon to spend large sums 
of money in providing suitable structures for its offices, records, monies and 
archives. Also for the safe keeping of criminals and persons accused of crimes 
and misdemeanors. It is also a matter of fact that Madison County, while pros- 
perous and the great majority of her people are frugal and industrious, has that 
element to be found in all communities, that needs the care and sheltering super- 
vision which come only from the public funds. The poor and indigent are here 
and have been almost from the start and, it being incumbent upon the county as a 
Christian bailiwick to provide food, clothes and a habitation for the helplessly 
poor and needy, that part of the county*s obligations has not been slighted. A 
farm and suitable buildings have been bought, and paid for out of the public 


The first building erected for the use of the county was a log structure, built 
on a lot now a part of Monumental Park. The first action taken by the board 
of county commissioners in this relation was on the third day of its October 
session, which began on the first of the month, in the year 1849^ when it was 
"ordered that there be a court house built in the town of Winterset, Madison 
County, Iowa ; description as follows : Of hewed oak logs 20 x 24 feet square, 
two stories high, first 9 feet, second 8 feet. Said building to be let out to the 
lowest bidder on the third Saturday of October A. D., 1849; ^hat the commis- 
sioners' clerk be employed to write a specification of said house and also to write 
four advertisements for letting out said building." 

At a special term held October 20th following, two of the commissioners 
present, it was "Ordered that the court house be reversed to a one story house, 
18 X 30 feet square." 

February 8, 1850, commissioners allowed S. B. and D. J. Casebier (first indica- 
tion in the records of who got the contract) $50 as part payment for building 
courthouse, to be paid out of lot fund. 

At a special term held May 3d following, it was "Ordered that the court 
house be received by the contractors pointing the underpinning and repairing the 
roof ; that S. B. and D. J. Casebier be allowed $100, balance on court house." 

There was no separate item in the clefk's bill, for drawing the specifications 
and writing the notices preparatory to the letting of the contract, and there 
appears to have been no other items of cost for the construction of the building 


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than already stated — ^a total of $150. The contractors got all cash down, the 
town lot fund having been in cash all the time. 

To this old temple of justice came judges, lawyers, litigants and the people 
generally, some to hold court and others to listen to the proceedings. Within its 
walls have been heard passionate and eloquent arguments of members of the 
bar and ministers of the gospel, the latter often holding sway, on an improvised 
pulpit within its walls of hewed logs, teaching the Word to the settlers and having 
a large share of the people for their audience. The pedagogue also had a place 
here, and taught the children "the rudiments," until a schoolhouse was built; so 
that, the three professions, the law, education and religion, gained a hearing in 
this humble courthouse. Many years ago the building was sold and removed to 
Court and Jacksoa streets, where another floor was added to the top and with 
weather boarding covering its rough sides was so changed that its most intimate 
acquaintance passed it by without signs of recognition. It was used for a bam 
many years and torn down and removed a few years ago. 


Courthouses and jails move hand in hand with church and school organizations 
usually in the onward march of the western pioneers. These .four institutions, 
especially in Iowa, closely followed the advent of the first settlement of a new 
community. In Madison County, in the order of their establishment, first came 
the school, next the church, third the court and lastly the jail. We come now to 
the building of the first county jail in Madison County, in the year 185 1. 

The county had been organized over two years. Offenses against the peace 
and dignity of the state, property and life, had already been committed by citi- 
zens. Sessions of court had been held. The care and safe keeping of prisoners 
had been costly to the taxpayers of the infant county. Lack of revenue had pre- 
vented the earlier building of a gaol of detention. But the sale of lots in the 
little Town of Winterset, by the county which owned the town site, was pro- 
viding the means with which to meet its current expenses and also to erect 
needed county buildings. Thus, at the session of the Commissioners' Court held 
January 7, 1851, it was "ordered that there be a jail built on lot No. 4, in block 
No. 18, in the original town of Winterset," to b^ completed by the first Monday 
in October, 185 1. It was further "ordered that there be a contract made with 
the lowest bidder on the second Saturday of February, 1851, for the building of 
the jail house above ordered and payment to be made by installments as follows : 
One-third when the building is commenced, one-third when half done, and the 
balance when the work is completed." 

Nothing further appears in the record relating to the county jail, until a 
special term of the Commissioners' Court held February 8th, at which it was 
"ordered that James Thombrugh be allowed of the town lot fund one-third 
of the amount allowed him by contract^ for building the jail, at the commencement 
of the building of the same." This is the first and only intimation in the record 
that a contract had been let to any one, and the record is silent concerning the 
price to be paid or the terms, other than when payment should be made. It may 
be added here that Thombrugh was also the commissioners' clerk at the time, but 

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the hand writing of the commissioners' record shows for itself that Israel D. 
Guiberson, as deputy clerk, was entering all the record, for some time before 
as well as afterward during that year. 

Among the remnant miscellaneous papers yet preserved in the auditor's office 
is the commissioners* specifications of this jail building. Because of its oddity, 
and the all round uniqueness of the building required to be built, it is given in 
full. It was written by Israel D. Guiberson: 

"Specifications of a jailhouse to be erected in the town of Winterset, Madison 
county, Iowa, to wit: Size of same to be 1 8 feet square, the foundation to be 
laid of good stone, three feet high and three feet thick, two feet of said founda- 
tion to be beneath the surface of the earth and one foot above, the whole square 
between the foundation walls to be raised to a level with said walls by filling 
in small rock, the whole of which is to be floored over with hewn timbers 12 
inches thick, from said floor on each side is to be built two walls of hewn timber 
eight feet high and one foot apart and the space between to be filled in with rock 
and mortar. The second floor to be lain with hewn square timbers 12 inches 
thick and finished on top with ij4 inch plank nailed through the outside, timber 
walls to be continued 7 feet above the second floor and then to be floored over 
in the same manner as the second, except the ij^ plank, all of said timber to be 
of good oak or walnut or slippery elm, one window 12 inches square in ftie lower 
story with iron bars 4 each way in each wall, and a trap door through the second 
floor to be composed of 2 inch lumber double and well nailed together with large 
iron spikes, to be a door into the upper story, door shutter to be made of inch 
lumber, double, well nailed together and hung in substantial manner with strong 
iron bars across each side of said door so as to be locked and made safe ; also a 
flight of stairs to be erected on the outside of said building and a platform to 
enter said door in the upptsr story, iron bar across said trap door, and a strong 
lock to fasten the same, so as to make it substantial; also to be a good shingle 
roof put upon said house ; all of which is to be completed by the first Monday in 
October, A. D. 1851 ; the contract for the building of the same to be let to the 
lowest bidder, who shall give his bond with security to the commissioners of 
Madison county, Iowa, conditioned according to the specifications above named. 

*T. S. Timber may be 10 inches in place of 12. There is to be a window in the 
second story, similar to the one named to be in the first story, with 4 iron bars 
each way. The outside wall to be laid with a cement made of sand and lime 
laid in the cracks as the wall is raised, and the logs to be notched down so as to 
touch. All of said work to be done in workmanlike manner." 

And this old barricade tried to do its duty for many long years. A prisoner 
once remarked on being taken into it that "a man ought to be ashamed to try to 
get out." Anecdotes relating to the old shack are numerous and amusing. 

Work on the jail proceeded slowly and at the July meeting the commissioners 
extended the time for its completion until January i, 1852. 

When the jail was completed is not known, as the records after September, 
1 85 1, appear to be missing for a period of more than two years. Nor do existing 
records show how much the contractor was to receive, nor how much was paid 
him, for its construction. However, he received the sum of $232.50, July 7, 
1851, on the contract. And in the county judge's annual statement for the year 

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ending July 5, 1852, there is an entry of ^'balance due on jail $25." The members 
of the board at the time were David Bishop, Norval S. Allcock and Edward 
Wood. The sheriff's name was Silas Barns. 

In 1865, a committee of the board of supervisors, appointed to consider 
repairs on the jail, reported against the feasibility of spending any money on the 
old cabin, whereupon the clerk of the board was authorized to sell the jail to the 
highest bidder. Some time later the old relic was removed and for a while John 
Stiffler maintained a set of scales on the lot. In June, 1867, **the application of 
the Soldiers' Monument Committee for aid was taken up, and on motion, it was 
voted to donate the jail lot for the benefit of the monument and H. J. B. Cum- 
mings, C. D. Bevington and M. R. Tidrick were appointed a committee to sell the 
same." Rev. C. T. McCaughan was the purchaser, who dismantled the concern 
and used the logs in building a stable on his own lot. 


When the second and third courthouses were built the county jail was made a 
part of the structures. The courthouse, put up in 1868 and destroyed by fire in 
1875, had cells for prisoners in the second story, but when a replica of the ruined 
structur? took its place, provisions were made for incarcerating offenders against 
the law in the basement. This continued to be the county jail until the year 
1903, when a two-story, pressed brick building was erected, on the comer of 
Green and North First streets, at a cost of approximately eleven thousand dol- 
lars. The front is on the Green Street side and is arranged as a residence for 
the jailer. To the rear, on the First Street frontage is the jail proper, which has 
in the center of it one large room, a steel cage, divided into cells. This building 
was secured for the county after considerable opposition by certain of the tax- 


The taxpayers of Madison County have expended for the building of the last 
two courthouses about two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, of which $120,000 
was practically a total loss. Displaying a just realization of the importance of the 
bailiwick to the state and assuming a pardonable pride in her institutions, the 
money was granted by the electorate for the building of a temple of justice that 
would do them credit from a material and artistic point* of view. 

The construction of the first modern building, of which the present one is 
almost an exact replica, was commenced in the year 1868, and in its description 
the reader will have in mind the one now standing. The structure was built of 
the famed grey Hmestone so abundant in the county, and is in the form of a 
Greek cross, each of its four wings fronting a street. At the entrances are mas- 
sive stone columns supporting piazzas, which are approached by concrete walks 
from each street ; from them flights of stone steps, fifty feet in width, lead to the 
main corridors, six feet above the level of a beautiful campus. 

The first floor is devoted to the county offices. These rooms are well lighted 
by high, broad windows and are supplied with steel vaults for the safe keeping 

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of valuable documents. In the second story are the court room, apartments for 
the judge and attorneys and jury rooms. The attic, which is large and spacious, 
makes a convenient place for the storage of the flotsam and jetsam accumulating 
from year to year. The basement was for many years the county jail, having cells 
for the incarceration of prisoners, and in this arrangement it differed from its 
unfortunate predecessor, as in that one the jail was constructed in its second 
story. The whole is surmounted by a majestic dome, in which is hung a pon- 
derous bell, whose tolling warns the judge and bar of the customary fiction that 
"it is eight o'clock until nine." On the apex of the dome is a cupola, in which 
is "the town clock," having on its four faces dials, that are plainly visible at 
night for many miles, made so by electric lights surrounding them. 

' This building cost about one hundred and thirty thousand dollars and was 
finished early in the year 1878, the work on its construction having been started 
soon after the destruction of the one preceding it. The new courthouse pleased 
the people who built it and has called forth the admiration of all who have seen 
it. Standing as it does in a beautifully shaded park, its majestic proportions stand 
out clearly and speak for themselves. Phoenix-like the temple arose from its own 
ashes and even today is one of the best buildings of its character in the State of 
Iowa. Dedicatory exercises followed the securing of the keys from the con- 
tractor, which are indicated by the program hereto attached : 





Winterset, Iowa, February 4th, 1878 

President. — Hon. John Leonard 
Hon. John Mitchell 
Hon. Wm. M. Stone 
Vice Presidents ^ Hon. C. C. Nourse 

Hon. H. W. Maxwell 
Hon. Fred. Mott 
Chaplain. — ^Rev. J. H. Potter 

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Programme : 
I. — Music, Band 

2. — Prayer, Chaplain 

3. — Music, Band 

4. — Introductory Address, President 

5.— Address, Hon. G. G. Wright 

6. — Music, Band 

7. — ^Addresses, Hon. John Mitchell and Hon. Wm. M. Stone 
8. — Music, Band 

9. — Addresses, Hon. C. C. Nourse and Hon. H. W. Maxwell 

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Toasts : 
I. — Madison County — The peer of any county in the State in 

resources, and the enterprise of her citizens. 
Response, Hon. Fred Mott 

2. — The Judiciary of Iowa — Distinguished alike for its learn- 
ing and integrity. May it continue the guardian of the rights 

and liberties of the people. 
Response, Hon. C. C. Cole 

3. — The Bar of Madison County — May it ever maintain an 

honorable standard in the profession. 
Response, T. C. Gilpin 

4. — The Bar of Iowa — In character and ability the peer of 

any in the Union. 

Response, Hon. P. Gad Bryan 

5. — This Court House — May the law be here administered in 

the enlightened spirit of the age, and only in the advancement of 

Response, Rev. Henry Wallace 

6. — The Superintendent and workmen who constructed this 

building, worthy the gratitude of their patrons for their skill 

and fidelity. 
Response, • S. G. Ruby 

7. — The ladies of Madison county, God bless them. 
Response, A. W. C. Weeks 

Music, Band 


The first stone courthouse was discovered burning about 11 o'clock on the 
morning of October 2, 1875. The fire broke out in the gable of the east wing 
and soon communicated with the dome. The wind was blowing a gale from the 
south at the time and nothing could be done to arrest the fast consuming flames. 
The north side of the square was in imminent danger, which was averted by the 
heroic efforts of citizens, many hurriedly reaching the scene of destruction from 
the outlying districts. All valuables were removed from the treasurer's office and 
most of the records were gotten out ; then the vaults were locked. Not an accident 
occurred, but the building was an utter ruin and carried no insurance. 

On the 27th day of October, 1875, a few days after the disaster, the board 
of supervisors called a special election for November 23d, following, so that the 
question of issuing $100,000 in bonds, for the purpose of building a courthouse 
might be passed upon. The election was held and the proposition carried by a 
majority of 464. 

At a meeting of the Madison County Historical Society, held March 9, 1907, 
Judge W. H. Lewis had a valuable and interesting paper, treating of certain 
phases of the first courthouse history, which is deserving of a place in this chapter. 
In this relation he said : 

The second courthouse in Madison County was built under contract. The 

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Built in 1850 


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contract for its erection was let in 1868 by the board of supervisors during the 
time it consisted of seventeen members, and was awarded to Jacob Reichard, 
of Marion County, Iowa, to be built and completed within a term of three years. 
The nearest railroad station at that time was DeSoto, or perhaps a point east of 
Des Moines, and the work of getting material for the building was a difficult 

During the time the house was being built there was a considerable degree 
of friction between the contractor and the board of supervisors. These troubles 
reached their climax in the autumn of 1870 when the house was completed, and 
the contractor and the board of supervisors not being able to agree on terms of 
settlement, the contractor locked the doors and refused to give possession of the 
house. Public interest had previously been excited by the circumstances, that 
during the second year that the work was going on, the county auditor seemed to 
be the adviser and attorney for the contractor while by law he was the repre- 
sentative and guardian of the public interests. This feeling of dissatisfaction was 
increased when at the close of his official term and during the last year of the 
work of building the courthouse he openly took charge of the contractor's in- 

The last session of the "big board of supervisors," while it yet consisted of 
seventeen members, was held at about the time of the completion of the house 
and they were unable to make terms to obtain possession of the house and a 
final adjournment was made leaving the contractor in possession of the house 
and the doors locked. 

This state of affairs continued until the ist of January, 1871, when the first 
meeting of the board of supervisors with three members occurred. No settle- 
ment was reached at this session and just as the final adjournment for the term 
was about to be made, a member suggested that they ought to take possession 
of the courthouse before going home. The other members replied that they would 
be glad to do so if they could and it was agreed to try. A lawyer, V. Wainwright, 
was called in and he suggested a plan, which was adopted and put in operation 
at once. 

A suit was begun before justice of the peace, V. G. Holliday, claiming that 
the keys of the courthouse were the property of the county and asking that a 
writ of replevin be issued and the keys taken from the contractor and delivered 
to the board of supervisors. The contractor, Mr. Reichard, his attorney, T. C. 
Gilpin, Melvin Stone, a hardware dealer, and several other persons were made 
parties defendant. The proceedings were begun just at nightfall and the justice 
announced that he would hold court until the case was finished. The writ of 
replevin was issued and placed in the hands of Sheriff J. S. TuUis for service. 

Stone, who was one of the defendants, had made a contract to furnish a lot 
of heavy coal stoves to use in the courthouse and the stoves had arrived and he 
had no room to put them in his store and having no other place to put them he had 
notified the auditor that he was ready to set up the stoves in the courthouse 
according to his contract, but as the contractor had the keys he would not allow 
the stoves to be put in. 

Reichard and Stone were close personal friends and to accommodate Stone, 
it was arranged between them that Stone might put the stoves in the house in the 
night after the stores were all closed and everybody asleep. 

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It was thought best to try to get the keys Stone was supposed to have first. 
The office of the justice was so located as to afford a good view of the windo\ys 
of the courthouse and the court, the sheriff and his posse and the supervisors 
sat and waited for the Hght that told that Stone and his men were in the house 
at work. 

While they waited, it was learned that one of Reichard's men had gone in 
the early evening to take the train at DeSoto for Des Moines. As Reichard 
had been getting money of a Des Moines bank and the cashier was getting uneasy, 
it was conjectured he was taking the keys to the bank to serve as collateral, so a 
deputy was dispatched with the best team in town, with orders to overtake him 
at all hazards. 

After midnight the light was seen to move toward the east entrance and the 
sheriff and his posse placed themselves near and waited until all were outside, 
the door locked, and all a few feet away from the door, when he announced him- 
self as sheriff and called a halt and surrender. The presence of a well placed 
posse made it easy to obey the demand. The sheriff demanded of Stone the sur- 
render of all the keys to the courthouse he had in his possession. This Stone 
refused and the sheriff took him and his men before the court and the court 
ordered him to deliver the keys to the sheriff. Stone again refused and the court 
promptly adjudged him guilty of contempt and ordered him to be fined and 
imprisoned until he obeyed the order. Finding himself thus placed, he gave up a 
large bunch of keys. The sheriff was ordered to hold him in custody until it 
appeared that he had given up all the keys. 

J. F. Jones, a mechanic, who had fitted all the locks on the doors was in 
court and the bunch of keys Stone gave up was given him to examine and desig- 
nate the doors to which they belonged. This he was able to do and he found that 
the keys to the jail, which was located in the third story, were not in the lot. 
While these keys were being sorted the sheriff and his posse went to look up 
Reichard and his attorney. The contractor's boarding house was surrounded 
and the sheriff rapped at the door, announced himself and his business and de- 
manded admittance. Some delay was made and excuses were offered for not 
admitting him. A window was raised at the back of the house and Reichard 
started to climb out, but Joe Garlinger laid his hand on him and told him to get 
back. There seemed to be much noise made about the stove, and the sheriff was 
getting impatient when they let him in. . They found a hot fire in the stove and a 
bunch of keys in the fire. The fire was quickly drawn and the keys got out. 
With these keys and Mr. Reichard, the sheriff returned to the justice's office and 
found the court still in session and ready to proceed with the case. Reichard 
was asked concerning the keys but refused to answer, demanding to see his 
attorney. He was promptly gratified, for at that moment the deputy sheriff with 
Reichard's attorney, T. C. Gilpin, in charge, appeared in the door. After a brief 
consultation, Reichard refused to answer any and all questions. The court ad- 
judged him to be in contempt and ordered him committed to jail. The question 
concerning the keys was asked of the attorney, who also refused to answer, 
and was promptly adjudged in contempt and ordered committed to jail. Reichard 
and his attorney both began to laugh but the sheriff showed the jail keys and told 
them to follow him. 

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At this the smiles faded and they announced themselves ready to answe^r. 
They said there was a lot of keys in a barrel of ashes fn the backyard at Reichard's 
boarding house. Some of the posse went and got them. At this time the deputy 
sheriff, who had gone toward DeSoto returned with his man, but he had no keys'. 
Mr. Jones said he seemed to have keys to all the doors and the defendants were 
relieved from the penalties for contempt of cotu*t until later in the day. 

It was now nearly daylight and messengers were sent for each county officer to 
report for duty at the new courthouse. In a very short time all appeared and 
each was given the key to his office and directed to move in immediately. The 
rising sun shone on a busy scene in that courthouse. Many men were hurrying 
in with armfuls of books and early in the morning every officer was behind his 
desk ready for business. This was Saturday, and Saturday was then, as ever, 
before and since, a great day in Winterset. As the people came in the news was 
joyously spread that the new courthouse was open and in possession of the county 
officers. A happy crowd of people passed through the halls and corridors until 
nightfall, and the new board of supervisors were unanimously voted the heroes 
of the day. 


When the county grew to such proportions as to acquire a class of people 
known as indigents, the helpless poor and unsound of mind, it became necessary 
for the authorities to devise ways and means for their care and comforts. At 
first, when their number was insignificant, the unfortunate ones were "farmed 
out" to a proper person, who undertook, for a nominal remuneration, to give his 
charge food and shelter. This system was a makeshift and very unsatisfactory 
to the county and her wards, so that it was determined to provide an asylum, 
to be built and maintained from the public funds, for those worthy of support. 
To this end a tract of land was purchased in the year 1876, where a large frame 
building was erected for inmates. Later, a two-story brick structure was erected 
for the care and safe keeping of the feeble minded and insane. Some few years 
ago, the building for the insane was abandoned for its original purpose, owing to 
a law having been passed making it obligatory on counties of the state to send 
their hopelessly insane to a state institution provided for them; so that, for 
several years this building on the county farm has practically remained vacant. 
However, the farm, consisting of 256^ acres and located in sections 24 and 25, 
Douglas Township, has been kept in a good state of cultivation and all necessary 
buildings have been maintained for the steward, inmates and live stock. The 
number of unfortunates seeking care and shelter in this infirmary has never been 
large and at this writing there are only twelve, nine of whom are men and three 

In his annual report for the year 19 13, the steward, G. W. Gilliland, makes 
the following notations : "The farm consists of 257 acres, upon which is built one 
dwelling house of nine rooms, one pauper house of fourteen rooms and one of 
twelve rooms; two bams, double corn crib, poultry house, ice house, workhouse, 
coal house and two hog houses * * * Total . valuation of farm, $30,808." 

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The county had been divided into three voting precincts, named North, Center 
and South, and their names suggest tbeir relative location. NortH included all 
the territory north of a line drawn from the head of Cedar to the west line of the 
county, down the channel of Cedar to where it crosses the line between now 
Union and Crawford townships, thence east to the east line of the county. Center 
precinct embraced that portion of the county beginning at the point where Cedar 
crosses the boundary line between now Union and Crawford townships, thence 
south along that line to the dividing ridge between Middle River and Jones 
Creek, thence westerly to the county line, thence north to the south line of North 
Precinct. South Precinct included the remaining portion of the county, being 
south and east of Center Precinct. Thus Center had the smallest area but it 
contained over half the votes of the county. 


The election was held at the log house of Samuel Guye, which stood near the 
southwest comer of the southeast quarter of section 7 in now Union Town- 
ship. The judges were James W. Guye, Joseph Combs and Alfred Rice; clerks 
were Claiborne Pitzer and Joshua Hinkley. Rice first administered the oath to 
all the others and in turn Guye qualified Rice. The poll opened about 9 o'clock 
A. M. and closed at 6 P. M. The following persons voted in the order given : 
William Brunk, Jacob Combs, John Wilhoit, Martin Baum, William Sturman, 
David S. Bowman, James Brown, Irvin Batmi, Samuel C. Brownfield, Leonard 
Bowman, John B. Sturman, John Cracraft, John R. Beedle, Amos Case, David 
Cracraft, William Combs, George W. Guye, Samuel Guye, William Hinshaw, 
Joseph Combs, Claiborne Pitzer, Joshua Hinkley, James W. Guye, Alfred Rice — 
24. In this precinct Bilderback for sheriff had 3 votes, Guye for sheriff had 
18; McClellan for district clerk; 15; Samuel Casebier for district clerk, 5; A. D. 
Jones for prosecuting attorney, 18; Bowman for coroner, 18; Combs for com- 
missioner, 20 ; Daniel McKinzie for commissioner, 3 ; Bishop for commissioner, 
13 ; Allcock for commissioner, 7; Gentry for commissioner, 13 ; Casebier for com- 
missioner, I ; Henry McKinzie for commissioner, 6 ; Boyles for commissioners' 
clerk, 16; Thornbrugh for commissioners' clerk, 6; George W. McClellan for 
commissioners' clerk, i; Phipps for probate judge, 17; Joshua Hinkley for re- 
corder, 9; Jones for surveyor, 18; David Cracraft for school fund commissioner, 
7; Alfred Rice for justice, 21 ; John R. Beedle for constable, 21 ; George W. Guye 
for constable, 16; Martin Baum for constable, 3; Mr. McKinzie for commis- 
sioner, 2. 


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No record remains concerning the election at this precinct. The election was 
held at the house of Chenoweth Casebier, who lived near and a little east of the 
center of section 32 in now Union Township. Two of the judges were Joseph 
K. Evans and John Butler and one of the. clerks was Alfred D. Jones. At least 
thirty-four votes were cast. 


The election was held at the log house of Joel M. Clanton. The judges were 
William C. Allcock, Caleb Clark and Joel M. Clanton ; clerks were N. S. Allcock 
and Seth Adamson. William C. Allcock first administered the oath to all the 
others and in turn was qualified by Clark. The poll was opened about 9.30 A. M. 
and closed at 6 P. M. The following persons voted in the order given : Caleb 
Clark, Charles Clanton, N. S. Allcock, D. S. Smith, Seth Adamson, Isaac Clanton, 
David Simmerman, Samuel Peter, Joel M. Clanton, William C. Allcock — ten. 

At this precinct, Bilderback, for sheriff, had 9 votes ; George W. McQellan for 
district clerk, 9; Leonard Bowman for coroner, 7; Henry McKinzie for com- 
missioner, 6; William Gentry for commissioner, 5; David Bishop for commis- 
sioner, 10; Philip M. Boyles for commissioners' clerk, 2; James Thombrugh for 
commissioners' clerk, 8 ; William Phipps for probate judge had 10; A. D. Jones for 
surveyor, 7; Seth Adamson for justice of the peace, 9; Samuel Peter for justice 
of the peace had i ; William C. Allcock for constable, 9 ; David S. Smith for 
constable, i ; A. D. Jones for prosecuting attorney, 7. The result of the election 
has already been given. 

What was then popularly known as the "August election*' was held Monday, 
August 6th, at which three state officers were elected and in Madison County a 
full line of county officers, the organizing election on the first day of January 
being a special election, the officers then elected holding only until their successors 
should be chosen at the regular election in August, and qualified. 

The county seat had been located to the entire satisfaction of all the "north- 
siders" and "Hoosier prairie'* had almost cheerfully acquiesced in the result. 
Fortunately for the county no disposition for strife over the matter remained. All 
together the scattering settlements of the county united with vim and energy for 
the upbuilding of Winterset and for a greater Madison County. Party lines were 
neither drawn nor thought of in matters relating to Madison County. The 
county was nearly 4 to i democratic on national politics and yet whigs were 
elected to nearly half the county offices. 

At this election there were eighty-two votes cast in the county. More than 
eighteen legal voters did not attend the election and there were several persons 
who had not been residents long enough to be qualified voters. Probably there 
were at this time one hundred and thirty persons in the county of voting age. 

In the absence of any public issue the little interest there was manifested 
clustered around the offices of sheriflf, commissioners* clerk and recorder. Con- 
cerning Sheriff Bilderback, it was claimed he was utterly incompetent and that 
A. D. Jones was the real sheriff. It was*the big office of the county, but ^'Hoosier 

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prairie/' including the Clanton country, remained loyal to Bilderback and pulled 
him through. Following is the result of this election : Sheriff, Ephraim Bilder- 
back ; clerk of district court, George W. McClellan ; commissioners* clerk, James 
Thombrugh; coroner, Leonard Bowman; commissioners, Henry McKinzie, N. 
S. AUcock, William Gentry ; prosecuting attorney, A. D. Jones ; surveyor, William 
Harmon; recorder and treasurer, Enos Berger; probate judge, William M. 
Phipps ; sealer of weights and measures, John Butler. 

The canvass of the returns in the above election was certified by P. M. 
Boyles, commissioners' clerk, and by Justices of the Peace Joshua C. Case- 
bier and Alfred Rice, of date August 8, 1849. 

Following are the names of the election board officers and those who voted at 
this election: 


Election held at the log house of Leonard Bowman. Judges were David D. 
Henry, Leonard Bowman and James Brown. Clerks were Irvin Baum and 
Thomas M. Boyles. Those who voted were David Brinson, Samuel Guye, George 
W. Guye, James W. Guye, Lewis Baum, Henry Rice, Claiborne Pitzer, William 
Sturman, David D. Henry, James Brown, John B. Sturman, Thomas M. Boyles, 
Anderson W. Moore, Alfred Rice, William Hinshaw, John Wilhoit, James 
Brewer, William Combs, Leonard Bowman, Irvin Baum, Nimrod Taylor — 


Election held at the log house of Enos Berger on the town site of Winterset 
(then the only house on the town site). Judges were Joseph K. Evans, Charles 
Wright and Jonathan C. Casebier. Clerks were E. R. Guiberson and P. M. 
Boyles. Those who voted were John Deshazer, E. R. Guiberson, William M. 
Phipps, A. D. Jones, Henry Simmons, Joseph Moore, Absalom Thombrugh, 
John Galaway, Charles Mendenhall, John Wayson, William Harmon, Daniel 
Vancil, J. C. Casebier, William Stephenson (Stinson), Absolom McKinzie, Lemuel 
Thombrugh, James Thombrugh, P. M. Boyles, Enos Berger, Charles Wright, 
J. K. Evans, John Butler, David Chenoweth, Andrew Evans, Robert Deshazer, 
George W. McClellan, John M. Evans, Henry McKinzie, E. Bilderback, John 
Wilkinson, William Gentry, Samuel Crawford, Hiram Hurst — ^thirty-three. 


Election held at the log house of Nathan Viney. Judges were Andrew J. 
Stark, Caleb Clark and George Smith. Clerks were David Bishop and N. S. 
Allcock. Those who voted were Samuel Fleener, Seth Adamson, Noah Bishop, 
Isaac C. Smith, Joseph Bishop, Asbury W. Bums, Joel M. Qanton, John Carroll, 
William Smith, Levi Bishop, Benjamin M. Hilmon, Isaac Clanton, A. J. Hart, 
David Simmerman, Charles Clanton, Reuben G. Lee, William C. Allcock, Nathan 
Viney, J. M. Watson, Samuel Peter, A* J. Stark, Caleb Clark, George Smith, 

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N. S. Allcock, David Bishop, Dr. H. Whited, David Worley, David S. Smith— 

The next was the regular election held on the Sth day of August, 1850, at 
which state, district and some county officers were elected. The poll books are 
missing. The result of this election appears by the following abstract certified 
by James Thombrugh, commissioners' clerk, and Justices John Vanhouten and 
L. D. Skidmore : representative, two to elect, E. R. Guiberson and Lysander W. 
Babbitt ; clerk of district court, James Thombrugh ; county commissioner, Edwin 
Wood; surveyor, Simmons Rutty. 

At a special election, held October 19^ 1850, to fill vacancy in the office of 
treasurer and recorder, Otho Davis was elected. 

A special election was held April 27, 185 1, to fill a vacancy in the office of 
sheriff, caused by the resignation of Ephraim Bilderback. The contestants were 
Silas Bams and Joseph Evans, and each received thirty-four votes. By casting 
lots, Bams won the office. 

On the first Monday of August, 185 1, the regular election was held under the 
law; passed at the late session of the General Assembly, which vacated the office 
of county commissioners and substituted the office of county judge. Other 
changes were made in county offices. An abstract of the retums is all that remains 
of record. It shows that John A. Pitzer was elected county judge; Silas Bams, 
sheriff; I. D. Guiberson, treasurer and recorder; Simmons Rutty, surveyor; 
William Gentry, coroner; Thomas D. Jones, prosecuting attorney. 

In 1852, I. G. Houk was elected district clerk at the April election and in 
August came the first presidential election held in Madison County. Previously, 
party lines had not been sharply drawn in the county and several whigs were 
elected to office in previous years. The year before there was a marked tighten- 
ing of party lines and in this year each* candidate took his chances on his party 
ticket. The election plainly showed the increasing strength of the whig party. 
Out of a total vote of 253 cast by the presidential electors, the whigs totaled 103. 
At this election both democratic candidates for the Legislature, N. B. Allison 
and P. Gad Bryan were elected. Other officers elected were: Clerk of dis- 
trict court, I. G. Houk ; county attorney, M. L. McPherson. 

The counties of Madison, Warren and Marion constituted a senatorial dis- 
trict and the same counties comprised a district which was entitled to three 
representatives. The three receiving the highest number of votes in the district 
were declared elected, so that this election sent to the Legislature N. B. Allison, 
P. Gad Bryan and William Gentry, all democrats. Houk won his election for 
clerk of the district court by casting lots with his opponent, Alfred D. Jones, each 
having received 131 votes. 

As near as the records will permit, a list of county officials from 1849 ^o 191 4 
follows, the year first mentioned showing the date of election : 


1849 — David Bishop, William Combs and William Gentry, chosen at the first 
election, which was a special one; Henry McKinzie, N. S. Allcock, William 
Gentry, chosen at the regular election in August; 1850-1, Henry McKinzie, 
Norval S. Allcock and Edmond Wood. 

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P. M. Boyles, 1849; James Thonibrugh, chosen at the r^^lar election, 


1851-8— John A. Pitzer; 1859-60, E. R. Guiberson; 1861-4, T. D. Jones; 
1865-7, N. W. Garretson; W. H. Lewis appointed to fill vacancy 1867; 1868, 
T. C. Gilpin, who continued in office until January, 1869, when it was abolished 
and he became and acted in the capacity of auditor until the first regular election 
for that office. 


1849-51 — G. W. McClellan; 1852-3, I. G. Houk; 1854-5, Lewis S. Davis; 
1856-9, C. D. Bevington; 1860-1, E. A. Huber; 1862-7, M. R. Tidrick; 1868-71, 
Daniel E. Cooper; 1872-5, E. O. Burt; 1876-81, W. R. Shriver; 1882-7, W. S. 
Whedon; 1888-91, W. C. Newlon; 1892-5, D. C. Wright; 1896-9, H. S. Thomson; 
1900-03, R. L. Huston; 1904-07, J. A. Way; 1908-11, W. F. Craig; 1912-15, H. C. 


Joseph K. Evans, January i, 1849; Enos Berger, 1849; regular election, Otho 
Davis, Octobet, 1850 ; I. D. Guiberson, 1851-2; Enos Berger, recorder and 
treasurer, 1853-5; Dr. L. M. Tidrick, 1856-7; David Bishop, treasurer and 
recorder, 1857-8; I. G. Houk, treasurer and recorder, 1859-62; R. A. Stitt, 
treasurer and recorder, 1863; in 1865 th^ offices of treasurer and recorder were 
separated and R. A. Stitt was elected treasurer. It is presumed he retained the 
recordership until his successor was elected the following year. O. A. Moser, 
1866-9; J. F. Smith, 1870-3; J. W. Graham, 1874-7; A. McMichael, 1878; J. A. 
Sanford, to fill vacancy, 1879 ; J. A. Sanford, 1880-1 ; G. W. Klingensmith, 1882-4 ; 
Eva Klingensmith, to fill vacancy, 1885; Eva Klingensmith, 1886-7; Caroline 
Murray, 1888-91 ; John T. Young, 1892-5 ; Jerome Griffith, 1896-9; W. H. Vance, 
1900-3 ; E. F. Connoran, 1904-7 ; George Hill, 1908-1 1 ; Jeannette E. Beck, 1912-15. 


R. A. Stitt, 1865-6; William H. Leonard, 1867-8; J. A. Pitzer, 1869-70; E. G. 
Barker, 1871-4; M. A. Knight, 1875-80: J. M. Andrews, 1881-4; C. F. Koehler, 
1885-6; James Early, 1887-90; I. W. Horn, 1891-4; J. H. Wintrode, 1895-6; 
D. G. Ratliff, 1897-1900; J. W. Smith, 1901-05; C. L. Wilson, 1906-07; C. H. 
Hochstetler, 1908-11; John W. Krell, 1912-15. 


Ephraim Bilderback, 1849-50; Silas Bams, 1851, chosen at a special election 
in April of that year to fill vacancy, and elected to the office at the regular election 
in August; Lewis S. Garrett, 1853; William Combs, 1855; Joseph K. Evans, 

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1857-8; Samuel Hamilton, 1859-61; H. C. Carter, 1863-4; J. F. Brock, 1865-70; 
J. S. Tullis, 1871-2; W. O. Ludlow, 1873-4; D. G. Ratliff, 1875-8; J. R. Davis, 
1879-82; John McAndrews, 1883-6; Jeff Wheat, 1887-90; M. E. Bennett, 1891-4; 
M. L. Silliman, 1895-8; Douglas Roy, 1899-1900; J. W. Breeding, 1901-2; Sol 
Breeding 'appointed to fill vacancy, 1903; John Docksteader, 1903-7; J. P. Breed- 
ing, 1908-13 ; F. B. Brock, 1914- 


Thomas C. Gilpin, 1869; S. G. Holliday, 1869-72; C C. Goodale, 1873-8; 
A. L. Tullis, 1879-82; Ezra Brownell, 1883-6; G. W. Poffinbarger, 1887-91 ; A. N. 
Hull, 1892-5; C. C. Stiles, 1896-9; Herman A. Mueller, 1900-03; G. W. Patterson, 
1904-07; T. M. Scott, 1908-11 ; C. R. Green, 1912-15. 


Alfred D. Jones, 1849; Wm. Harmon, regular election, 1849; Simmons Rutty, 
1850-4; William Davis, 1855-62; E. S. McCarty, 1863-5; W. H. Lewis, 1866; 
P. G. Andrews, 1867-70; A. W. Wilkinson, 1871-2; R. A. Patterson, 1873-6; 
J. A. Wilkins, 1877-8 ; O. A. Moser, 1879-81 ; R. A. Patterson, to fill vacancy, 
1881 ; J. A. Snyder, 1883-4; J. A. Wilkins, 1885-6; A. N. Canfield, 1887-8; R. A. 
Patterson, 1889-94; Robert A. Greene, 1895-1900; E. C. Wilson, 1901 ; W. R. 
Stewart, 1902; D. E. HoUingsworth, 1903-5; W. C. James, 1906-7; Charles 
Merrill, 1908-9 ; E. B. Hiatt, 1910 to date. 


Leonard Bowman, 1849; William Gentry, 185 1; Dr. John H. Gaff, 1852-4; 
Dr. John G. Scott, 1855; David Surber, 1857; J. L. Denman, 1858; D. B. Allen, 
1859; C. H. Coon, 1871-4; A. Hood, 1875-6; P. M. Boyles, 1877-84; M. C. 
DeBord, 1885-6; J. M. Hobson, 1887-92; D. S. Martin, 1893-1903; F. O. 
Richards, 1904-14. 


In a measure, the first head of the schools in Madison County held office 
under the title of school fund commissioner, the first incumbent of the office, 
Daniel Vancil, being elected in 1849; David S. Bowman, April 2, 1849; E. R. 
Guiberson, 1852; C. M. Wright, 1854; James Shepherd, 1856-8; Lewis Mayo, 
1859-60; H. W. Hardy, 1861-4; J. S. Goshorn, 1865-6; H. W. Hardy, 1867-70; 
C. C. Chamberlain, 1871, resigned April i, 1872, W. A. Ross appointed to fill 
vacancy; Butler Bird, 1872-4, Butler Bird resigned January, 1875, H. W. Hardy 
appointed to fill vacancy; H. W. Hardy, 1875-8; Emma Ray, 1879-80; Homer 
Thompson, to fill vacancy, January 6, 1881 ; J. W. Mann, 1881-4; E. R. Zeller, 
1885-8; T. H. Stone, 1889-92; J. J. Crossley, 1893-96; Ed M. Smith, 1897-8; H. 
D. Smith, 1899-1902 ; T. H. Stone, 1903-06; Gertrude M. Duflf, 1906-09, resigned ; 
Jean M. Cash, 1910, to fill vacancy ; John Gentry, 1911-12 ; Carrie E. Ludlow, 1913- 

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The first officer of the District Court, whose duties were to represent the 
state in criminal and semi-criminal actions, was known and designated as the 
district attorney, whose jurisdiction extended throughout the counties compris- 
ing the judicial district for which he was elected. The first incumbent of this 
office was Alfred D. Jones. The General Assembly of 1885-6 passed an act 
abolishing the office of district attorney and creating the office of county attorney, 
thereby confining the duties of the prosecutor to his own county. The county 
attorney under the act holds his office by the votes of the electorate of the county, 
the same as other officers. The first election in Madison County for county 
attorney was held in 1887, and the first to hold the office was John A. Guiher; 
Frederick Mott, 1890-3; J. P. Steele, 1894-7; C. A. Robbins, 1898-1901 ; W. S. 
Cooper, 1902-05; Leo C. Percival, 1907-09; Sam C. Smith, 1910-13; Phil R. 
Wilkinson, 1914- 


In 1869, the business of the District Court had become so great that a new 
tribunal was created and designated as the Circuit Court. This court exercised 
general jurisdiction concurrent with the District Court, in all civil actions and 
special proceedings, and exclusive jurisdiction in all appeals and writs of error 
from inferior courts, and had a general supervision thereof in all civil matters. 
It also had the power to correct and prevent abuses where no other remedy was 
provided. This court also had original jurisdiction of all probate matters. Prior 
to the year 1869 the clerk was elected as clerk of the EHstrict Court. When the 
law went into effect establishing the Circuit Court, the official duties were circum- 
scribed by both courts. January i, 1887, the Circuit Court was abolished. 


In the year 1861 the system of county board of supervisors was organized in 
the various counties of the state, by act of the Legislature. The following persons 
composed the first board of supervisors in Madison County : 

Josiah Arnold, William McDonald, Otho Davis, Henry A. Myers, Milton 
Thompson, J. C. Scott, Lewis Crawford, Oliver Crawford, Ira S. Smith, Ashford 
Lake, J. D. Hartman, Harbert Harris, David Stanton. 

1862 — ^J. W. Lane, O. Crawford, M. Thompson, William McDonald, S. Ross, 
L. Crawford, L. N. Clark, H. Harris, M. C. Hockenberry, J. D. Hartman, William 
Gentry, A. Lake, D. McCarty, C. A. Beerbower, D. Francis, A. Bonham, S. H. 

1863 — David McCarty, J. W. Lane, O. Crawford, S. Ralston, E. H. Venard, 
William H. McDonald, S. Harter, L. N. Clark, A. Bonham, S. Ross, H. Hann, 
A. Bennett, G. A. Beerbower, H. Harris, W. J. Davis, M. C. Hockenberry, Samuel 

1864— William McDonald, Alfred Hood, Thomas H. Pendleton, Hugh Hann, 
S. Ross, O. Crawford, E. H. Venard, Matthew McGee, Abihu Wilson, W. J. 

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Davis, H. C. Smith, S. Hamblin, S. Harter, A. Bennett, Samuel Ralston, J. C. 
Scott, Van B. Wiggins. 

1865— William H. McDonald, George W. Roberts, O. Crawford, J. M. 
Browne, E. H. Venard, P. M. Boyles, S. A. Ross, B. F. Brown, James Allen, 
M. M. McGee, Thomas H. Pendleton, Simeon Hamblin, Abihu Wilson, W. J. 
Davis,. H. C. Smith, J. C. Scott, A. Hood. 

1866 — George W. Roberts, Oliver Crawford, William Anderson, William 
McDonald, P. M. Boyles, S. A. Ross, B. F. Brown, J. W. Cooper, E. G. Perkins, 
Benjamin Blythe, Allen Bamett, A. G. Welch, James McAfferty, E. C. Stewart, 
John McLeod, M. C. DeBord, James Allen. 

1867 — ^William McDonald, E. G. Perkins, J. W. Cooper, A. J. Adkison, Wil- 
liam L. Wilkin, B. F. Brown, William Anderson, James McAfferty, George W. 
Roberts, E. C. Stewart, John McLeod, A. G. Welch, Benjamin Blythe, Eli Cox, 
Allen Bamett, J. D. Whitenack, Thomas W. Stiles. 

1868— E. F. Tumey, C. Hughart, T. W. Stiles, William Anderson, William 
McDonald, Eli Cox, Q. C. Bird, B. F. Brown, J. D. Whitenack, James Goare, 
I. N. Hogle, H. H. Harris, Daniel Francis, O. B. Bissell, A. M. Hart, Joseph 
J. Grier. 

1869 — William Anderson, John McLeod, Sr., J. D. Whitenack, D. F. Tumey, 
Daniel Frailcis, James Goare, Van B. Wiggins, George B. Breeding, I. N. Hogle, 
C. Hughart, Thomas W. Stiles, William Smith, Harbert Harris, O. B. Bissell, 
A. M. Hart, J. J. Grier, George Fisher. 

In 1870 the supervisor system was changed and the number reduced to three, 
who should be elected by the county at the general election and the length of their 
terms to be decided by lot. After this change supervisors were elected as follows, 
but the change was not complete iintjl the old supervisors had served out their 
terms : 

1870 — George Fisher, I. N. Hogle, J. M. Andrews, William Anderson, W. H. 
Lewis, E. H. Conger. 

1871 — ^William Anderson, E. H. Conger, W. H. Lewis. 

1872 — E. H. Conger, Thomas Runkle, W. H. Lewis. 

1873 — ^W. H. Lewis, Thomas Runkle, Milton Wilson. 

1874 — W. H. Lewis, Thomas Runkle, Milton Wilson. 

187s — W. H. Lewis, S. M. Creger, Milton Wilson. 

1876 — W. H. Lewis, S. M. Creger, Milton Wilson. 

1877 — S. M. Creger, G. A. Beerbower, Milton Wilson. 

1878 — G. A. Beerbower, John H. Marley, Mihon Wilson. 

1879 — Alfred Hartman, G. A. Beerbower, John H. Marley. 

1880 — ^J. H. Marley, J. F. Buchanan, Alfred Hartman. 

1881 — ^J. F. Buchanan, Charles Polk, L. S. Holmes. 

1882 — ^J. F. Buchanan, Charles Polk, L. S. Holmes. 

1883 — Charles Polk, C. W. Thompson, George Storck. 

1884 — George Storck, George Duncan, M. C. Shaw. 

1885 — George Storck, M. C. Shaw, J. M. Browne. 

1886 — M. C. Shaw, J. M. Browne, G. F. Lenocker. 

1887 — G. F. Lenocker, J. M. Browne, L. N. Conway. 

1888— L. N. Conway, M. M. McGee, G. F. Lenocker. 

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1889— L. N. Conway, M. M. McGee, Thomas W. Stiles. 

1890— M. M. McGee, Thomas W. Stiles, N. B. HoUingsworth. 

1891 — ^Thomas W. Stiles, N. B. HoUingsworth, L. Banker. 

1892 — N. B. HoUingsworth, L. Banker, John Brooker. 

1893 — L. Banker, John Brooker, W. E. Mack. 

1894— John Brooker, W. E. Mack, H. H. Kilgore. 

1895— W. E. Mack, H. H. Kilgore, John Brooker. 

1896 — H. H. Kilgore, John Brooker, A. B. Johnson. 

1897 — ^John Brooker, A. B. Johnson, A. Dunlap. 

1898 — A. Dunlap, C. S. Wilson, A. B. Johnson. 

1899 — Alexander Dunlap, C. S. Wilson, A. B. Johnson. 

1900 — C. S. Wilson, A. B. Johnson, Alexander Dunlap. 

1901 — ^A. Dunlap, A. B. Johnson, C. S. Wilson. 

1902 — ^Alexander Dunlap, C. S. Wilson, A. J. Jones. 

1903 — C. S. Wilson, A. J. Jones, James Breckenridge. 

1904 — ^A. J. Jones, M. O. Brady, James Breckenridge. 

1905 — ^A. J. Jones, M. O. Brady, James Breckenridge. 

1906 — M. O. Brady, A. J. Jones, James Breckenridge. 

1907 — M. O. Brady, R. A. Lenocker, A. J. Jones. 

1908 — R. A. Lenocker, M. O. Brady, J. T. Young. 

1909— M. O. Brady, J. T. Young, W. H. Deardorff. 

1910 — ^W. E. Shambaugh, W. H. Deardorff, L. V. Price. 

191 1— L. V. Price, W. H. Deardorff, W. H. Maxwell. 

1912— L. V. Price, W. H. Maxwell, C. D. Stiles. 

1913— W. H. Maxwell, C. D. Stiles, L. V. Price. 

1914— C. D. Stiles, L. V. Price, W. H. Maxwell. 

1915— L. V. Price, W. H. Maxwell, C. D. Stiles. 


Below is a list of Madison's able men who represented the county in the 
General Assembly : Senate : M. L. McPherson, 6th, 7th, 8th and extra session, 
9th and extra session ; Benjamin F. Roberts, loth session ; Benjamin F. Murray, 
13th and 14th; Eli Wilkin, 20th and 21st; Richard Price, 22d and 23d; James J. 
Crossley, 28th, 29th, 30th, 31st and 32d. 

House: Edwin R. Guiberson, 3d and 7th; Benjamin F. Roberts, 6th; T. D. 
Jones, 8th and extra ; Alfred Hood, 9th and extra ; John E. Darby, loth ; Joseph M. 
Browne, nth; Benjamin F. Murray, 12th: John H. Hartenbower, 13th; David 
D. Davisson, 14th; O. B. Bissell, isth; J. J. Smith, i6th; William F. Hadley, 
17th; Daniel Francis, i8th; Butler Bird, 19th; Albert R. Dabney, 20th and 21st; 
Dr. J. H. Mack, 22d and 23d ; I. K. Wilson, 24th ; A. L. Wood, 25th, 26th and extra 
session ; John Shambaugh, 27th and 28th ; Robert A. Greene, 29th, 30th and 31st ; 
John Schoenberger, 32d and extra session ; Elias R. Zeller, 33d and 34th ; Walter 
F. Craig, 35th ; R. A. Lenocker, 36th. 

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In publishing what follows, nothing should be construed in a partisan sense. 
The democratic party long had existed, even from the beginning of the nation 
under its republican form of government. Thomas Jefferson, third president of 
the United States, was its first great beacon light and patron saint and then came 
Andrew Jackson, "Old Hickory," who solidified its ranks and made the party the 
dominant one for generations. But the republican party was bom while Madison 
County was in her infancy and leaders in the political affairs of this community 
took part in the christening. So that, a general outline of the notable event has 
a place in this work. 

An account of the formation and first years of the republican party in Iowa 
will doubtless be of interest. The party was organized in the county in 1856, 
mainly through the exertions of H. J. B. Cummings. Colonel Cummings, on his 
way in search of a new home, crossed the Mississippi River on the ice, in January, 
1856, and came directly to Winterset. He was an ardent believer in the prin- 
ciples of the new party, which had been organized in the state he came from the 
previous year, and a certain incident occurring soon after arriving at his new 
home, was the occasion of his entering upon the work of organization here: 
Mr. Glazebrook, the democratic postmaster here, received from the office of 
Horace Greeley a package of documents urging the organization of the party in 
all the coimties of the state, also printed calls for assembling of persons in 
sympathy with the movement, with the time and place of meeting in blank, to be 
filled out to suit the local conditions. Mr. Glazebrook, though not in sympathy 
with the movement, was a fair minded man, and had a keen sense of official 
duty, so he handed the package to Mr. Cummings, as the right man into whose 
hands the document should be placed. Cummings filled out the blanks and with 
the aid of a Mr. Amold, a photographer, posted them throughout the county. 
The first meeting was held in the old schoolhouse, which then was situated where 
the high school is now located, and which was afterward moved to Court Avenue 
on the lot just west of the new Madisonian office, and where it remained until 
1905, when it was torn down that it might no longer mar the appearance of sur- 
rounding property, and especially the new library building. The meeting for 
organization was held at night and there was quite a respectable crowd present. 
There were no lights in the building and proceedings were delayed until a man 
could be dispatched up town for a half dozen candles. The meeting was called 
to order by Mr. Cummings and the Rev. J. E. Darby was elected chairman. Mr. 
Cummings acted as secretary. Among those present taking part beside the two 


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gentlemen already mentioned, were N. W. Garretson and John McLeod, Sr., 
W. W. McKnight, B. F. Roberts and J. J. Hutchings. The work of organiza- 
tion was soon finished and a convention was called, to meet in the Methodist 
Church, for the purpose of nominating a county ticket. At this convention M. L. 
McPherson was nominated for senator, B. F. Roberts for representative and 
H. J. B. Cummings for attorney. At the election the ticket was successful 
and in November Fremont carried the county over Buchanan by a majority of 
sixty-one. Many exciting campaigns have been fought out in Madison County, 
notably in the days of the greenback party, still vivid in the memory of many 
now living, but it is questioned if there ever was a more exciting campaign 
than this. The republican meetings in Winterset were mainly held in the old 
stone Christian Church. The democrats, on one occasion, tried to get the 
Methodist Church and the trustees, not giving their consent, they undertook to 
take possession anyway, and there resulted a great tumult at the doors, but 
through the great valor of one Mr. Shannon, who emulated **Horatius at the 
bridge,'' the crowd was kept out and had to seek other quarters. There was a 
spellbinder sent here by the State Republican Committee, whose name is for- 
gotten, but who is said to have been an orator of unusual ability, and through 
his eloquence converts were made by the score. Colonel Cummings and M. L. 
McPherson also stumped the county during the campaign. 

In those days the spring elections were of about as much importance as the 
fall elections. The following editorial from the Iowa Pilot, the first paper pub- 
lished in Winterset, dated March 27, 1857, is pertinent: 

"Our fellow citizens will bear in mind that next Monday week is the day 
for holding the spring elections. There are seventl important officers to be 
chosen, among which are one district judge, one superintendent of public instruc- 
tion, commissioner of Des Moines river improvement, register of state land 
office, county assessor, and the usual township officers. Below will be found the 
republican ticket. Let every republican be at the polls and cast his vote and 
influence for republican men and principles. 

"Superintendent of public instruction, L. H. Bugbee; commissioner of Des 
Moines improvement, Edwin Manning ; register of land office, William H. Holmes ; 
district judge, William M. Stone; county assessor, E. S. McCarty." 

In the issue of the same paper, dated August 22, 1857, the following official 
directory from which it appears that a majority of republicans were elected, is 
noticed : 

"County judge, John A. Pitzer; senator, M. L. McPherson; representative, 
B. F. Roberts; treasurer and recorder, L. M. Tidrick; district clerk, William 
Pursell; prosecuting attorney, H. J. B. Cummings; sheriflf, William Combs." 

The same issue of the Pilot stated : 

"The city council are particularly lenient to hogs and dogs. From the official 
ordinance in another column it will be seen that they, that is the hogs and dogs, 
not the councilmen, have the freedom of the city extended till the first day of 
October. They should have a mass meeting on the public square and adopt a 
vote of thanks as an expression of their gratitude to their illustrious governors. 
In this prairie country dumb brutes have sense enough to keep in close quarters 
when cold weather begins." 

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Came to Madison County in 1856 and was one of the 
organizers of the republican party in the county in that 
year; colonel of the Thirty-ninth Iowa Regiment; served 
in Congress, being elected in 1876; was connected with 
the Madisonian for a period of twenty years. He was 
the father of Mrs. Laura J. Miller, and passed away a 
few years ago. 

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The campaign of 1858 seems to have been a very exciting one for an off year. 
In the issue of the Madisonian of September 4th there is a call for the formation 
of a republican club. The call is supplemented by an appeal to the republican 
voters to "jine/* from which the following extract is taken: 

"What say you republicans? Let us have an institution that will be an honor 
to the republican party of Madison County. Start the ball in motion and do not 
fear but that it can be kept rolling. Let the hypocrisy, treason, bribery, corrup- 
tion and profligacy of the sham democracy be exposed until they cry enough." 

And again : **We hope the republicans of the various townships will do their 
duty in securing large audiences at the several places where Judge Stone and 
Prosecuting Attorney Cummings have appointments to speak." 

The same paper has a call for the county convention to nominate a county 
ticket. The various townships, of which there were then thirteen, were entitled 
to forty-two delegates. The call was signed by Fred Mott, J. M. Browne, J. J. 
Hutchings, William Jones and H. J. B. Cummings as county central committee. 

During this campaign there was a heated contest between William Pursell, 
for the office of county clerk, and Doctor Bevington, his democratic competitor. 
One Saturday, just prior to the election. Doctor Bevington learned that the records 
in Purseirs office were considerably behind and made arrangements to take a man 
with him to examine them the following Monday. Colonel Cunmiings, who was 
out at Big Grove that day making a political speech, did not get home till after 
night and found Pursell anxiously awaiting his return. He had been informed 
by a particular friend of the intended raid on his office and did not know what 
to do. Cummings was a strict Presbyterian, who pUt great stress on the observ- 
ance of the Sabbath day, but he was also an ardent republican and wanted to see 
his party succeed. After deliberating over the matter jfor some time he decided 
to help save his party, although at the expense of his religious principles. So he 
agreed to lock himself in the clerk's office on Sunday, and help Pursell straighten 
out the records. The two put in a twelve-hour day on those records, and on the 
following Monday, when Doctor Bevington and his committee arrived, they found 
the records all correct and up-to-date. Doctor Bevington was elected, but always 
thought some one had lied on Pursell. 

From i860 till the present time Madison County has been republican, and 
much credit for this condition is due to the energetic manner in which the party 
was organized and managed during the first few years of its existence. 

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The first school taught in Madison County was in that part of it allotted to 
Union Township, in 1847-8. The school was, of course and by necessity, main- 
tained by subscription, the county being not yet organized. Mrs. Polly Case, wife 
of Amos Case, was the first teacher. Elsewhere some information is given con- 
cerning this family. The school term was three months, and the compensation 
agreed upon was $1 per month, per scholar. The log building in which the 
school was held was one of two cabins, built near each other in the heavy timber 
by Case and his father-in-law, Hinkle, in the fall of 1846. During the fall of 
1847 these pioneers built another cabin for Hinkle, some distance north, into 
which he moved. It was in the cabin vacated by Hinkle that Mrs. Case taught 
school. In size the structure was twelve feet square and was built of unhewn oak 
logs, with "chink*' and cla^ mortar between. There was the regulation *'stick 
chimney" and fireplace. The roof was of universal "A" design, having clap- 
boards and heavy pole weights to hold them in place. Other details were a 
puncheon floor, a puncheon door fastened with a string; it had a wooden latch 
and was hung by wooden hinges. There were three long puncheon seats, sup- 
ported by legs of two-inch saplings. One of the seats was used for the recitations. 
The teacher had no desk or seat. A short puncheon writing desk was supported 
by two pins driven into holes bored into one of the logs. A window having six 
panes of 8x10 glass furnished a moiety of light. By having a good fire, the door 
was left open, or partly open, and by this arrangement the pupils could see their 
books. Being surrounded by heavy timber, there was no wind to bother ; besides, 
the winter was a mild one. 

The term began the first Monday in December, 1847, ^"d continued twelve 
weeks, during which time, spelling, reading, writing and arithmetic were taught. 
A home-made ink was used, made out of wild berries, hulls of walnuts, or the 
bark of trees. Lunches mostly consisted of com bread (there was no flour in 
the country at all), or fried mush, sometimes cold potatoes, wild fruits, cold 
pork and venison, plenty of wild honey and maple syrup. Those seemingly 
half wild children of the forest and prairie had great abundance of appetite and 
food. Theirs was the "simple life*' we read about; theirs were health and great 

No specially important event marked the history of this school. During the 
noon hour the children roamed about and through the woods they knew so well, 
and frequently the larger boys were tardy when "called to books." But this 
was no serious oflfense unless they were out too long. In such cases they might 
be kept in their seats during the afternoon recess. "Calling books" was done by 
the teacher pounding on the door, or casing, with a short stick. 


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The names of the pupils attending this initial school were : Francis Marion, 
Samuel Houston, Mary and Elizabeth Guye, David Reece, Daniel, Levi and Mary 
Bowman, Nancy and Hiram Beedle, a daughter of a Mr. Brownfield, Moses 
Hinkle, Lorena Harris. They were children respectively of Samuel Guye, 
Leonard Bowman and John R. Beedle. Concerning the others, Brownfield's 
first name nor the name of his daughter have been obtained ; Moses Hinkle was 
a brother of the teacher. Lorena Harris was an adopted daughter of Mrs. Case 
and later became the wife of George W. Guye. 


The act of January 15, 1849, concerning school officers and examination of 
teachers, which was in effect the first year of the organization of Madison County 
and remained in effect the next few years, provided as follows : 

"In each organized school district there shall be elected on the first Monday 
in May of each year one president, one secretary and one treasurer, who shall 
constitute a board of directors. 

"The board shall employ all teachers, shall not overdraw the teachers' fund 
but if it be short of enough to pay amount due the teacher at the agreed upon 
rate per month, the balance shall be paid by the persons sending pupils in such 
manner as agreed upon by the teacher and the board. 

^'Before employing any teacher the board shall examine or cause to be ex- 
amined such person in spelling, reading, writing, arithmetic, geography, history 
of the United States and English grammar, and if found qualified, may employ 
him." — Iowa Code, 1850. 

The county school fund commissioner was invested with power to divide 
unorganized territory into school districts or to change boundaries of existing 
districts upon petition of two-thirds of the legal voters of the territory in interest. 
— Iowa iZode, 1850. 

School age was between five and twenty-one years, as now. But persons of 
any color other than white were wholly excluded from the public school system. 
On the other hand, no person other than white was taxed for public school 


In 1849 the county was divided into three townships. Union, Center and 
South ; the former on the north, and the other two as their names indicate. The 
townships were divided into school districts during the first half of the year 1849 
and the districts were numbered from one upward. September 15th of that 
year there were four school districts in Union, five in Center and four in South. 
Enumeration of all white persons was required in each district between Sep- 
tember 15th and October ist. Colored persons then were excluded and even 
exempt from paying taxes in support of schools. From the reports that remain 
on file, have been gathered the following information concerning the schools 
of the county on the ist day of October, 1849, ^"^ the names of those within 
school age (boundary lines do not appear) . Each school district had a board of 

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directors, the secretary of which made an annual report to the school fund 
commissioner, who was A. D. Jones. 

In District No. i, Union (now) Township, the board was composed of 
James Brown, who then lived on section 36, in what is now Jefferson Town- 
ship; David Cracraft, on the northeast of section 9, in Union; Major Farris, 
who lived on the southwest part of section 10, Union Township, was secretary 
of the board and as such certified the enumeration. Names of those of school 
age were: Nancy, Hiram and Abraham Beedle; Emeline, Eli, Reuben, Milton, 
Rosa,*Mary and Julia Ann Cracraft ; Harriet and Lewis Wilhoit ; Wesley Monroe 
Moore ; Joseph, Samuel, Sarah, Thomas, John, William and James Riley Brown ; 
James Oemmons. This district included the east half of Union, north of Cedar, 
and all the county east and north. 

In District No. 2, Union Township, Leonard Bowman was president of the 
board and lived on the southwest part of section 5 ; Thomas M. Boyles, secretary 
lived on the southwest part of section 17; and William Sturman, treasurer, on 
the northeast part of section 9, all in Union Township. The secretary filed no 
list, but certified there were twenty-six persons of school age in No. 2. It is 
presumed this district embraced the west half of Union and all the county north 
of it. 

District No. 3 had for its president of the board Claiborne Pitzer, who lived 
on section 16; William Combs, secretary, on section 14; and Jacob Combs, treas- 
urer, west and south of William Forbes, all in what is now Douglas Township. 
The names of those within school age were: Elizabeth, Matilda, Nancy, Lititia, 
Lucy Ann and Lucinda Brinson; Leander, Asbury, Martitia, Nancy and Craw- 
ford McCarty; Hiram, Amanda, Perry M., Noah S., Aaron V. and Rebecca 
Bams; Henry F., Fletcher B., Emory W., Sarah P., Newton B. and Samuel 
C. Pitzer; Hiram and George W. Baum; Barbara, Benjamin, Lucinda and Sarah 
Jane Combs. 

In District No. 4 William Hinshaw was president and Alfred Rice was secre- 
tary. His home was on the edge of Madison Township, where Jake Trester 
afterward located. Nimrod Taylor, the treasurer, lived near the Rice place. 
Those of school age were : Silas and Rebecca R. Hinshaw ; William, John, . 
Elizabeth and David Taylor; Eliza Jane, Samuel J., John, David and Elam Rice; 
Stepton Brewer. 

The school board of Center Township, District No. i, was composed of 
Charles Wright, president, who lived on Middle River, a little southwest of 
Winterset; William Harmon, secretary, and David Vancil, treasurer, both of 
whom lived near the "Backbone.*' The children within school age were: Mary, 
Francis and Martha Wright; Joseph, William, Lewis, Louisa and Marinda 
Ellen Thomburg; Francis M. Moore; Julian, Margaret and Martha Ansley; 
Sarah Ellen and Francis A. Skidmore; Charles, Isaac, Elizabeth and Lydia 
Vancil; Lorenzo, George L., Amanda Caroline, Lineville M., John H., Nancy 
Jane and Tilman G. Harmon. 

In EHstrict No. 2 the board's members were: Enos Berger, president, who 
lived in Winterset; Samuel B. Casebier, secretary. He lived near Winterset on 
the east; and Daniel Chenoweth, who lived about a mile south of Winterset. 

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Erected in 1913 

Building used for a school from 1877 until 1913. Rear wing built in 1877; front wing built 

in 1886. Torn away in 1913 

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The enumeration list for this district is missing, the one of all greatly to be 
desired. This district included Winterset and territory around it. 

In District No. 3 were J. C. Casebier, president, who lived next north of the 
Theo Cox farm; John Butler, secretary, with residence on section 29 in (now) 
Union; and David D. Henry, ^treasurer, who lived on section 20, in (now) 
Union. The secretary certified there were fifty-three children of school age. 
This district probably embraced the territory between Cedar and Middle River, 
in (now) Union, from a mile east of Winterset, to Tileville. 

The members of the board in District No. 4 were Henry McKinzie, president, 
who lived on the northwest quarter of section 16, now Scott Township; David 
Bishop, secretary, on the northwest quarter of section 22, now Scott Township ; 
no treasurer given. Those of school age were : Miles N. Casebier, Louisa Sim- 
mons, Elizabeth E., Daniel, Thomas, Aaron, Ann, Emeline, Mahala and Caroline 
McKinzie; Anna, James and Mary Crawford; Louisa, Rebecca, Joseph and 
Pelina Thornburg; Thomas M., Mary Margaret, David J., William Sidney, 
John, Matilda Ellen and Daniel Wilkinson ; John, William, Washington, Edward, 
James and Nancy Jane Higgins; Henry Mcjohnson; Jesse N., Mary Jane and 
Nancy Caroline Fleener. This district seems to have embraced all of (now) Scott 
Township, west of Fleener's Branch. 

The board in District No. 5: Daniel Newberry, president; lived south and 
east of McClellan*s on the bottom; George W. McClellan, secretary; and Calvin 
Randall, treasurer. Those of school age were: Samuel, William, Elias G., Katy 
Jane and Joseph Mendenhall; Mary Katharine Steward. Probably this district 
included the territory comprising Union Township east of Tileville, between 
Cedar and Middle River. 

South Township, District No. i : Levi Bishop, president ; John Vanhouten, 
secretary, who lived on section 34 in (now) Union Township; and Nathan 
Viney. Those of school age were: Lewis, Linza, Sally, Jane and Verlina 
Graves; Mary and Edward Carl; James Berchert; Minerva, Robert and Louisa 
Viney ; Josiah, John, Bertha and Sarepta Bishop ; Joseph B. and Mary A. Whited; 
James Irving, William, Hulda and Sarilda Ann Harbert; Hester Ann, Winnie, 
Benjamin and Emeline Bishop; David, Peter and John J. Vanhouten. This dis- 
trict included all of (now) Scott Township, east of Fleener's Branch to (now) 
South Township. 

District No. 2: David S. Smith, president; Seth Adamson, secretary; and 
William Smith, treasurer. Those of school age were : Huldah, Mary J., Aaron 
M., Solomon W. and Sarah E. Adamson; James T., John J., Eleanor, Thomas T., 
Joshua, Colista, William T. and Permelia E. Cason; John S. A., Barton W. S., 
Permelia A. U., James S. M., Benjamin P. B. and Elizabeth D. E. Essley ; John 
W., George W., Mary M. and Benjamin A. Worley; Milton M., Lorenzo W., 
William T. and Armelda A. Smith. 

District No. 3 : President not given ; Norval S. Allcock, secretary ; lived where 
the Town of Hanly now is; treasurer, not given. Those of school age were: 
Margaret S., John J., Lorenzo W., Frances E. and James H. Allcock; John W., 
James H., Jacob H., Eveline E. and Elvina M. Simmerman; Joel, Nancy, Wil- 
liam, Isaac W., Moses E., George, Thomas N., William W., Charles P., John C, 
Lucinda, Sarah M. and Rachel Clanton ; Louisa J., Rachel C, Sarah E., Nancy E. 

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and Cynthia Ann Clark ; George W., Granville A., Lucinda, William C., Mary J., 
Lucy Ann, Sarah L. and Elizabeth R. Smith; Lucinda E., Orlema J. and Jesse 
M. Hail; Wily, Henry A., Martin S., Frederick, Sarah E., Marvinda and Heze- 
kiah Stagerwalt. This district about included (now) South Township, and Ohio 
except along Jones Creek. 

District No. 4: Hiram Hurst, president; Mathew W. Jones, secretary; and 
Nathan Bass, treasurer. The school election was held at the house of Andrew 
Hart, who was chairman of the meeting, and Mathew W. Jones, secretary. Four 
voters were present — Hart, Hurst, Jones and Bass. Hurst and Bass had each 
four votes and Jones three. The secretary was careful to report "no opposition 
to the candidates." Those of school age were: Leroy, Ambrose P., Thomas J., 
Norman, Michael and Nancy E. Nunn; John M. Hurst; John, Caleb and Mary 
E. Rollins; Andrew Jackson and William Hart; Francis and Mary E. Stark; 
William J. Dority ; Lemuel, William and Wilson Dorrell ; George Head ; Gillam, 
Mary, Henry and Nancy J. Peters ; William, Elizabeth, EmeUne and John Jones ; 
Joseph, Elisha, William, Christopher, Elizabeth and John Trimble. 

A. D. Jones, school fund commissioner of the county, summarizes the school 
enumeration of the county, as of date October i, 1849, being the first school 
enumeration of the county, as follows: 

Union Township, District No. i — 21; No. 2 — 26; No. 3 — 29; No. 4 — 12; 
total, 88. 

Center, No. i — 25; No. 2 — 29; No. 3 — 53; No. 4 — 34; No. 5 — 6; total, 147. 

South, No. 1—28; No. 2—27; No. 3—46; No. 4—32 (33) ; total, 133 (134). 

Grand total of children in the county of school age, October i, 1849, 3^8. 

Nothing remains in the records to show there were any schools taught in the 
county during the summer of 1849. Up to this time but one house had been 
built in the county for school purposes, and that one stood some distance north- 
east of the present "Buffalo" schoolhouse in Scott Township, elsewhere de- 
scribed. It was erected by volunteer labor in the early summer of 1848. Existing 
conditions were not conducive to school attendance. Children old enough to 
go considerable distances, necessary in sparsely settled communities, were large 
enough to fight weeds in the fields. 

The records show no report for the year 1850. 

There appears to have been no enumeration of children of school age in 
the several districts of the county filed with the school fund commissioner, but 
instead, a certified report of the number was made by the secretary of each 
district to that officer for the year ending October i, 1851. From these reports, 
which agree in form only in that each gives the total number of those of school 
age and all but one or two written on small scraps of foolscap paper, the following 
is quoted: 

Union Township, District No. i : The secretary failed to sign his name. 
He gave the heads of families and the number of children in each family of 
school age as follows: James Farris 3, James Brown 7, Charles Farris i, Vincent 
Brown i, Lewis Adams i, Anderson Moore 2, Abraham Mitchell i, Samuel 
Folwell 3, John R. Beedle 3, John B. Sturman i, Greenbery Ridinour i, David 
Barrow 4; total, 28. This report is excellently written and it is supposed there- 
fore that David Barrow wrote it, for he was by far the best penman in that 

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portion of the county for years. No. 2, Secretary N. W. Guiberson reports 50. 
No. 3, Secretary W. Hopkins reports 44. No. 4 of last year became a part of 
a new township. 

Center Township, District No. i: Secretary William Harmon ' reports 44. 
No. 2, Secretary J. K. Evans reports 76 and one (subscription) school taught. 
No. 3, Secretary John Butler reports 61 and further says: A 3-months school 
taught by John C. Bird, aged 20 years, bom in Ohio, average cost per day 6J/2 
cents (per scholar), $22 paid out of school funds and $23 by those sending to 
said school; branches taught were spelling, reading, writing and arithmetic; 
books used were Webster's Elementary Spelling Book, McGuffy's First Reader, 
Third and Fourth Eclectic Readers, Briggs Penmanship and Davis Arithmetic. 
No. 4, Secretary Daniel Campbell reports 83, one school taught 42 days, at $16 
per month, and 20 pupils enrolled. The teacher was Abner Bell, whose age 
was 27. He was bom in Ohio; paid $16 out of teachers' fund and $16 by volun- 
teer subscription. No. 5, Secretary W. R. King reports 10. 

South Township, District No. i : Secretary Royal Uran reports 43. No 
school in district; no schoolhouse; $10.50 teachers' fund on hand; no school 
tax. No. 2 : Secretary Thomas Cason reports 37 ; no school taught ; **no aggre- 
gate amount paid teachers;" "no library nor volumes;" $22.06 school money on 
hand ; one schoolhouse "and it was built by the citizens" ; no school tax levied. 
No. 3 : Secretary David Fife reports 61 ; one school taught by Oliver H. Perry, 
aged 21, bom in Ohio. Thirty-nine pupils in attendance; i wood (log) school- 
house; average attendance during school term was I4>^; books used in school 
were United States Primer, Webster's Elementary Spelling Book; McGuffy's 
First, Second and Third Readers, Goodrich's First Reader, Child's Easy Reader, 
"Young Man Away From Home," "Life of General Marion ;" Ray's Mental and 
2d Part Arithmetic, Kirkham's Grammar, Olney's and also Morse's Geography. 
The secretary's report is on blue unmled paper 12x30 inches, elaborately ruled. 
No. 4: Secretary Millen Hunt reports 26 pupils and $27.05 teachers' funds on 

Madison Township, District No. i : Secretary Jacob Fry reports 17, and 
their names as follows: Henry, Fletcher, Emory, Samuel and Newton Pitzer; 
Thomas Anderson ; John, Samuel, Edwin and Voorhes Fry ; Sarah and Embery 
Pitzer ; Ann, Mary, Jane, Amanda and Rody Fry ; John Kellum. 

Walnut Township, District No. i : Secretary J. W. Guiberson reports 21. 
September 13th, a district meeting at which a site was selected on which to build 
a schoolhouse. Adjourned to meet again October 4th, to arrange for its building. 

Total school population in county, October i, 185 1 — 601. Increase during 
past year 232. 

There remain no records to show the school population for 1853. The total 
school population of the county for 1854 was 1,056 but there is given no enumera- 
tion by districts. 

Beginning in the winter of 185 1-2 the number of schools rapidly increased 
throughout the county. Schoolhouses multiplied, taxes for school purposes were 
increasingly levied and general interest manifested in all portions of the county 
relating to education. Northern people rapidly arrived, population increased 

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fast, more teachers came, new districts were organized and township lines began 
to be more permanent. 


The first schools in Madison County were supported by subscriptions and 
held in the homes of the settlers. The teacher "boarded round,'' and the monthly 
stipend for drilling into the children the principles and practical application of 
the three "Rs" was of quite a negligible quantity. Be that as it may, as soon after 
the county was organized and school laws formulated and put into practice, rude 
log schoolhouses were erected and the school system of Madison County was 
launched. The schools of the county, as in all counties of the state at that time, 
were in a very chaotic condition for several years after Madison was given a 
form of government.* 

The first school taught in Winterset was presided over by Mary Ann Danforth, 
in the log courthouse in the summer of 1850. The pupils were children of E. R. 
Guiberson, John Wilhoit, James Folwell, Enos Berger, William Compton, Wil- 
liam Alcorn, Otis Davis, Samuel Lockard, Lign Miller, Chal Danforth, W. R. 
Danforth and an adopted son of A. D. Jones. 

As has been heretofore related, the official head of the schools in the county 
was the school fund commissioner, whose duties devolved upon the county super- 
intendent of schools, the office of which had been created and the first incumbent 
thereof, James Shepard, elected in 1856. He served the county in this capacity 
during the years 1857 and 1858, and was succeeded by Lewis Mayo, whose report 
for the school year, beginning October 5, 1859, and ending October 4, i860, is 
the earliest mention in the records of the superintendent's office. According 
to this report there were at that time sixty schools in the county; there were in 
the county 2,936 children of school age, 1,513 males and 1,423 females. The 
number who attended school was 1,742, average attendance 1,025, which does 
not speak well either for attendance or punctuality. The value of the school- 
houses in the county was $10,565, while the value of all apparatus, maps, etc., is 
placed at $7. Unfortunately, it is not stated just where the valuable apparatus 
was located nor do subsequent reports tell what became of it; if it could be 
located and the particular district which owns it desired to part with it, a hand- 
some price might be obtained from the committee which is securing relics for the 
old settlers' society of the county. Some idea may be had about the character 
of the schoolhouses at the time, from the fact that of the forty-six schoolhouses 
then in use, two of them were stone, twenty-six frame and sixteen log. There 
were, as has been said, sixty schools in the county; the whole amount paid 
teachers was $3,452.65, axid if they had six months' school, which is the shortest 
period of time schools may be in session, teachers were paid $9.50 per month. 
Teachers who are dissatisfied with their compensation, which ranges from $35 
to $45 per month, can console themselves with the thought that there has been 
progress in the right direction. 

Mr. Mayo, the second county superintendent, was defeated for reelection by 
H. W. Hardy, whose first report is for the school year beginning October 5, 1861, 
and ending October 4, 1862. Mr. Hardy has been more directly and for a longer 

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First school teacher in Winterset. Sister of A. D. 
Jones and mother of William R. and Challen Danforth. 


Wife of Charles Farris. Came to Wife of Judge E. R. Guiberson. 

Madison County in 1849. Died in Came to Madison County in 1849. 

October, 1914. 


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time identified with the schools of the county than any other person. He was 
engaged in the actual work of teaching in the county for more than a quarter 
of a century and in the meantime filled the office of county superintendent at 
three different periods, first for four years, then again four years, and lastly, a 
period of five years, making in all thirteen years of service in the county superin- 
tendent's office. During his first term of service, beginning early in the '60s, he 
found school affairs in a very crude condition. His compensation was about 
twenty-five dollars a year, in addition to what fees came to him for issuing cer- 
tificates. Being a cooper as well as a teacher, he frequently carried on an exam- 
ination in his shop without suspending his manual labor. It is said he often 
turned up a finished barrel and had the teacher write her examination, using 
the barrel for her manuscript, while he went on making another barrel. It has 
been suggested that in some instances the applicant used one end of the barrel, 
while the worthy examiner was hooping the other end, but Mr. Hardy says this 
is not true. 

Mr. Hardy was succeeded by J. S. Goshom, who served one term and then 
went into the insurance business. More recently he successfully entered politics 
in Nebraska and for a few years helped to ijiake school laws instead of adminis- 
tering those made by some one else. Mr. Goshom was succeeded by Mr. Hardy, 
who served two terms, when Mr. Chamberlin was elected. The latter did not 
serve and the board appointed W. A. Ross, who was a candidate for election 
the following fall, but was defeated by Butler Bird. Mr. Bird resigned and was 
succeeded by Mr. Hardy, who was appointed by the board and was then elected 
and reelected. Miss Ray was the next superintendent and she was succeeded by 
Homer Thompson, who was appointed by the board. Mr. Thompson was suc- 
ceeded by John Mann, who was succeeded by E. R. Zeller. The latter was fol- 
lowed by T. H. Stone, who was succeeded by J. J. Crossley and the latter in turn 
by Ed M. Smith. Then came H. D. Smith and T. H. Stone again. Gertrude M. 
DuflF was inducted into the office in January, 1907, and after serving some time, 
resigned, and Jean M. Cash filled out the remaining six months of the term. John 
Gentry followed in 191 1 and the present incumbent, Carrie E. Ludlow, took 
charge in 1913. 

The county superintendent's office has grown in dignity and usefulness till 
it has become one of the most desirable offices in the county. Examinations 
are no longer held on a barrel head, in a cooper shop, with shavings for a carpet, 
but in one of the best rooms in one of the best courthouses in the state and a sure 
enough carpet. There are just as devoted and earnest teachers now as there 
were fifty years ago, but none who either from a sense of duty or love for the 
work would serve one year in the superintendent's office for the $25 Mr. Hardy 
worked for away back in 1861. 

There are now 176 schools where there were but 60; now there are 144 school 
buildings, not including parochial schools, where there were but 42. In 1859 
the total amount paid teachers for the school year was $3,459.65, while for the 
school year ending July, 1914, there was paid the teachers of the county the 
sum of $75,343.85; contingent expenses, $18,700.55; schoolhouse expenses, 
$2,838.66. All of the log schoolhouses have been replaced by neat and com- 
fortable buildings, which are a credit to the county, and not a disgrace, as was 

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the case at one time. As before stated, the enrollment in 1859 was 1,742, while 
the number enrolled in 1914 was 4,099, and the teaching force has grown from 
60 to 259. 

Another matter in the development of the schools of the county which has 
caused much labor and many lawsuits, is the present arrangement of districts. 
There are now in the county three different systems in force. The following 
townships have the district township system: Lee, Jefferson, Madison, Penn, 
Jackson, Union, Scott, Webster, Monroe, Walnut and Ohio. These district town- 
ships are subdivided into subdistricts, and a subdirector elected for each. The 
following townships have the independent district system: Douglas, Crawford 
and Lincoln. The independent districts consist of certain territory, which, as 
the name indicates, is as absolutely independent of all other territory as the 
United States is independent of England. For each of these independent districts 
three directors are chosen, each of whom holds the office for three years. Grand 
River Township is an independent district township, which differs from the dis- 
trict townships in that the directors are chosen by the voters of the entire town- 
ship, and the matter of employing teachers and managing the schools is in the 
hands of the board instead of being distributed out among the directors indi- 
vidually. Grand River Township also has a township high school, which is the 
only one in the county and probably the only one in the state. 

The district township of Walnut has eleven schoolhouses ; Grand River inde- 
pendent district township has ten; Jackson, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Penn, 
Scott, South and Webster each have nine. This is the ideal number of school- 
houses, where the township is not cut up by impassable streams and the territory 
is not encroached upon by independent districts. This gives a schoolhouse for 
each four sections of land, and if located in the geographical center, no pupil 
can possibly be more than two miles from school. 

There are urban independent districts which have not been spoken of. They 
are Winterset, Earlham, St. Charles, Truro, Patterson, Bevington, Macksburg 
and Peru. Earlham district has been in existence more than thirty years. The 
Earlham schools, since they have come under the supervision of W. H. Monroe 
and combined with the academy, have had a reputation that has extended all 
over the state. 

The St. Charles schools were a part of the district Township of South until 
about twenty years ago, when an independent district was formed. 

The schools of Truro, Peru, Bevington and Patterson, while technically urban 
independent districts with a large board of directors, are practically the same in 
character as the rural independent districts, except they have what they call a 
high school of limited curriculum. 

The township high school of Macksburg has quite an honorable history. It 
was fortunate in its first principal, Professor Snelling, a most efficient teacher of 
many years' experience. Under his supervision the school had a reputation 
throughout this and adjoining counties. It is the impression that the Macksburg 
high school has not kept pace with the onward march of events. It is now inde- 

Winterset has school facilities on a par with the average county seat town 
of Iowa. There are two large school buildings furnished with all the modem ap- 

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pliances, and the teaching force will compare favorably with the best in the land. 
Winterset points with pride to her schools ; their present efficiency, however, did 
not spring into existence with one bound, but is the product of many years' 
effort. When one observes with how little friction the average graded school 
runs along, with harmony everywhere, and apparently by the sheer force of its 
own momentum, one can scarcely appreciate the fact that it was not always so. 
Although many schools were taught in Winterset, in garrets and churches prior 
to that time, the year 1868 may properly be said to have been the beginning of 
the city's graded school work. The old stone schoolhouse, which in later years 
has been succeeded by the commodious new high school building, was completed 
that year and thrown open to the public. It was limited to eight departments 
and a high school. Whoever will in the future narrate fully the facts relating 
to the founding, building and first three years of occupancy of the building will 
have a tale to unfold replete with strife, bi9kerings and ridicule, which the later 
generation knows nothing of. It will do well to remain in that ideal state sup- 
posed to result from ignorance. While the building of the old house, known as 
"Fort Cummings," was not up to the most approved plan of modem times, it was 
nevertheless well adapted to the purpose for which it was built, and by no means 
deserved the notoriety it received. A public school building constructed from 
the native granite was unusual in those days, and on the completion of the build- 
ing, applications for the position of principal poured in from all sides. C. C. 
Qiamberlin was one of these and secured the position. Professor Chamberlin 
became unpopular and the board refused to elect him after the second year. 
The second principal was a man named Preston, and he remained but one year. 
Then came a man named Cox, who was elected for the second year, but before 
he got through with it had several difficulties and a long and exciting lawsuit, 
which grew out of punishing a boy, and afterwards with the school board, which 
he claimed did not pay him enough. By 1873 applications for the principalship 
were perceptibly diminished, but that year E. R. Zeller accepted the office. Under 
his directions a new course of study was \ adopted, and the following year the 
first class graduated from the Winterset high school. This class consisted of the 
following: Laura Cummings, now Mrs. J. W. Miller; Jennie Snyder, now Mrs. 
C. T. Koser; Ida Ewing, later Mrs. J. A. Sanford, but for several years de- 
ceased; Carrie Haskins, now Mrs. Howell; Hattie Cox, now Mrs. E. R. Zeller; 
and Dillie Jones. A class has been graduated every year since then, with one 
exception, and while many of the graduates have removed from the county 
and some of them have died, those who remain exercise a very important in- 
fluence upon the social and industrial interests of the county. Mr. Zeller retained 
the principalship of the schools for five years, when he resigned. As early as 
1878 the big stone schoolhouse became inadequate for the needs of the district 
and that year the north ward schoolhouse was erected. Mr. Mowatt succeeded 
Mr. Zeller and he in turn was succeeded by Mr. Eastman, who was followed by 
Mrs. Webster. When Mrs. Webster resigned Mr. Carson was elected and held 
the position for two years, when Mr. Dean was called to the place and he was 
succeeded by T. H. Stone. Mr. McClenahan followed Mr. Stone and he was 
succeeded by the efficient superintendent, I. D. Salisbury. Then followed C. E. 
Akers and in 191 1 David Williams received the appointment. 

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In 1894 the old stone schoolhouse showed signs of falling down. It was con- 
demned and in its stead the present imposing structure was erected. It contains 
eight commodious school rooms besides a large room for the high school and 
recitation room. It is furnished with a steam heater and Smead ventilating ap- 
paratus. It is built of pressed brick and covered with a slate roof. It cost, when 
completed, including furnishing, about thirty thousand dollars. 

TJie Madison County Teachers' Institute was organized in Winterset, in 
October, 1858, by J. H. L. Scott, an eminent educator, who resided at the time 
at Osceola. The organization held its annual meetings continuously from its 
commencement to the present time, and has been the means of accomplishing a 
vast amount of good for the cause of education in Madison County. The teachers 
attend the meetings and take an active part in the various exercises of the insti- 
tute. It may be added that many citizens of the county who are not teachers 
often affiliate and regularly attend the institutes. Liberal provisions for the 
normal institute system were enacted by the Fifteenth General Assembly, and in 
conformity with the law, Butler Bird, then county superintendent, arranged for 
the first session in the summer of 1874. The institute lasted two weeks, with 
about fifty teachers in attendance. The two instructors were Mrs. Morey, of 
Burlington, and E. R. Zeller, of Winterset. The sessions of the school were held 
in the auditorium of the high school building. As now recalled, the whole six 
hours of each day and the full five days of each week were occupied or con- 
sumed in continuous recitations. In later years, the length of the term has 
gradually been shortened. 

Such is a brief but accurate account of the schools of the county and it may 
truthfully be said that the growth of the schools both in number and efficiency 
has fully kept pace with the industrial, mercantile and religious enterprises of 
the county. The schools are expensive and a large part of the money paid as 
taxes goes for their support and yet, while the average citizen of Madison 
County does many things as willingly as paying his taxes, there is no other 
institution he looks upon with such zealous eyes as the public schools and the 
time is past in which it would be prudent for any one to make an attack upon the 
system in general, or upon any one school in particular. 


As a souvenir of the early schools, under the county superintendent system, 
the following is deemed of sufficient value to be preserved in this article : 

"The State of Iowa ) 

> ss. 
Madison County ^ 

"This certifies that the bearer Mr. Robert Clelland in my opinion is qualified 

to teach the following branches, to- wit : 

Orthography No. i 

Reading No. 2 

Writing No. i 

Arithmetic No. i 

Geography No. i 

English Grammar No. i 

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h.. .J 

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"This certificate stands good for 12 months from date. 
"Dated at Winterset, this 29th day of October, A. D. 1858. 

"James Shepard, 
"Sup't. of Common Schools, 

"Madison Co., Iowa." 

The foregoing is a copy of a teacher's certificate issued by the first superin- 
tendent of Madison County to Robert Clelland, a resident of Bevington. 

Mr. Clelland taught over one hundred terms of school in his lifetime. He 
taught many terms at St. Charles and nearly all the neighboring schools. 

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John Evans, who came here in May, 1846, was not only the first preacher of 
the "Hardshell Baptist" denomination in the county, but the first one of any de- 
nomination. He came full of enthusiasm to gather, in the vicinity of where he 
located, as many of his religious faith as he could and build up a strong church. 
Rev. John Evans migrated to this place from Northwest Missouri, where he had 
for years devoted much of his time to preaching and therefore had a large ac- 
quaintance in that section of the country. Not only did he locate a claim here 
for himself and worked to improve it, but also marked out other claims for 
imaginary persons, seeking to hold them until he could locate members of his 
church on them. He had much success for a year or two in thus establishing 
his people and during the first three years of the county's history he had the 
strongest church of any denomination in point of numbers and influence. The 
members were located around where Winterset now is. The Methodists, almost 
universally the first in a new country, did not begin to strongly appear until three 
years after the first settlement of the county. 

John Evans was of a type and character not understood at the present time. 
So far as preaching and laborious eflForts to build up his church were concerned 
"Salvation was free;" free as the sunshine and the rain. Illiterate beyond most 
persons, even in those days, in the use of the English language, especially as a 
writer, he had a liberal command of expressions with which to convey his under- 
standing of religious creeds. If he did "kill all the horses in Missouri" expound- 
ing his conceptions of a hell to come, as some careless sinners declared, no one 
who heard him doubted for a moment that he was working harder^ than a rail 
splitter to build up his church. His sermons were Calvinistic to a' degree not 
now imagined. All such forceful and zealous natures provoke hostility and criti- 
cism ; certainly, he reaped his full share here in the early days. And, he may have 
enjoyed a happy life while here, but it was not evidenced by any of the usual out- 
ward appearances. He enjoyed the confidence of most of his church members and 
is favorably remembered to this day by those of his church whg heard him 
preach in their childhood. 

The early records of this church were destroyed when the house of Asa Smith 
was burned. It was here this pioneer preacher lived. 

The church was organized at the house of John Butler, in Union Township, 
it is presumed from lack of anything more authentic, in 1847. Among those who 
joined at that time were John Butler and wife Susan; Samuel Crawford and 
wife Polly; Joshua Casebier and wife Louisa; James Thombrugh and wife 
Elizabeth; Lemuel Thombrugh and wife Sarah; Widow Sarah Fidler; Miss 


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Nancy Fidler, who married Noah Staggs, of Dallas County; Paulina (Fidler) 
Mendenhall, Mathew Jones and wife, on Jones Creek; Mrs. Betsy (Butler) 
Chenoweth ; Asa Mills and wife Sarah ; William Gentry and wife Sarah ; Widow 
Ellison; and William Simmons and wife Polly, of Linn Grove, in Warren 
County. Among those joining about that time and before 1850 were: Mrs. John 
(Nancy) Dorrell, Widow Anna Osbum, Aquilla Smith and wife, John Craw- 
ford and wife Mary; Mrs. Jane Pender, Mrs. Sarah (Evans) Casteel, Robert 
Evans and wife Elizabeth; Moses Osbum and wife Hannah; Widow Nellie 
Flynn, James Crawford and wife Achsa; Mrs. Henry (Nancy Ann) Simmons. 
For several years meetings were only held at the homes of the members, 
and never at a schoolhouse or other building. By previous arrangement they 
met at a member's house, on which occasion the family provided a dinner for all 
who attended. Settlers lived distant from each other and some of them had 
many miles to go, without roads and generally by ox teams, taking all the chil- 
dren with them. It was an all day's tedious journey to "go to meeting" and 
home again. And then, by all remaining together for dinner, there was delightful 
visiting between families who elsewhere could not hope to meet, commingling 
of children and, just think of it! — a golden opportunity for Cupid to practice 
with his arrows on the young men and women. Among the homes, where meet- 
ings were more frequently held, were those of John Butler, William Gentry, 
James Thombrugh, Aquilla Smith and Samuel Crawford. 


In September, 1848, occurred the first camp meeting in the county. This was 
held about two miles below the depot in Patterson, on the northeast quarter of 
section 33, in Crawford Township.' For many years this place was a noted one 
for out-door meetings, political as well as religious. It was earliest known as 
the McGinnis and later as the Holton place. The meeting, and other meetings 
later on, were held under an immense black walnut tree that was over six feet 
in diameter, and more than one hundred feet high. The lower limbs began 
about nine feet above the ground and the shade of the tree extended about eighty 
feet in diameter. This camp meeting was held under the direction of the Metho- 
dists and there were three preachers present — Rev. Ezra Rathbum, of I>es 
Moines (then commonly known as the "colored" preacher from his very dark 
complexion). Rev. Allen, of Linn Grove, and the other one is not remembered. 
People were in attendance from long distances, from miles northwest of (now) 
Winterset, and from Dallas, Polk and Warren counties. Probably over a thou- 
sand persons attended at one session or another. It remained in session about 
a week and was said to have been a ''successful" meeting from the church stand- 
point. Anyhow, it drew a great crowd of sinners; and persons of various de- 
nominations, besides nearly the entire Methodist population hereabouts were 
present. It was the second great gathering of people in Madison County, that of 
July Fourth that year being the first. So great was the success of this meeting 
that the Methodists held another in the fall of 1849 and again in 1850. People 
camped as a rule in their covered wagons and most of them came in ox wagons. 
Tents were very scarce in those days and none^ were on the ground at the first 
meeting. Grass, water and fuel were abundant and, of course, free. 

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About the year 1850, a Presbyterian farmer, who was also somewhat of an 
educated clergyman and named William Wood, settled in northeast Jackson Town- 
ship, where he remained many years. At first he was very active as a preacher 
and organized and led camp meetings with such help as he could obtain. He con- 
ducted these meetings, one a year, during 1850, 1851 and 1852; at least, they 
were the first gatherings of the kind west of Winterset and were held in the west 
part of Douglas Township. 

After 1850 out-door meetings holding *'over Sunday" and for longer periods, 
began to increase in number and continued the fashion many years. By 1865 
they began to go out of vogue and since have been almost abandoned. 


The first Methodist minister who preached in Winterset was George W. Teas, 
who was appointed to the Three Rivers Mission, a circuit formed at a session of 
the Iowa conference held at Fort Madison, in August, 1849. Andrew Coleman, 
who was the presiding elder of the Des Moines District at that time, visited the 
county during the year and preached at the various appointments in the county. 
It was during this year, 1849, that the first church organization at Winterset 
was formed. It consisted of ten members, as follows: Claiborne Pitzer, who 
was appointed class leader; E. R. Guiberson, wife and mother; Israel Guiberson, 
Thomas Ainsley, Esther Ainsley, James Folwell and wife and Martin Ruby. 

Parson Teas appears to have had reasonable success, as he reported one hun- 
dred and fifty-four members, nineteen probationers and one local preacher at 
the end of one year. This, of course, included the members on the whole Three 
Rivers circuit. This man, Teas, seems, however, to have had some trouble with 
his presiding elder later on and withdrew from the church, announcing his with- 
drawal by the following poetic couplet, which was published in one of the Des 
Moines papers: 

"Let it be known from shore to shore, 
G. W. Teas is a Methodist no more." 

In the course of a few years the trouble was adjusted and Mr. Teas returned 
to the fold, when he announced the fact in a like poetic effusion : 

'*Let it be known among all men, 
G. W. Teas is a Methodist again." 

The next session of the Iowa conference was held at Fairfield, August 7, 
1850, when D., Worthington was appointed presiding elder of the district and 
Rev. G. Case was sent to the Madison County work. In 1851 John Hayden be- 
came presiding elder and David T. Sweem was sent to this county. That year 
there were reported 329 members, twenty-nine probationers and five local 

Until September, 1852, the Three Rivers circuit was in existence and this 
included a greater part of Warren County, as well as Madison County. Sep- 
tember 29th the Three Rivers circuit was divided, the east part becoming the 
Indianola circuit and the west part the Winterset mission. Robert G. Hawn was 
sent to Madison County. R. Swearingen was the next minister and he served two 

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years. He was unusually successful, the membership more than doubling during 
his pastorate. The next conference was held in Keokuk, September 26, 1855. 
J. B. Hardy was appointed presiding elder of the district and Winterset was left 
without a minister. The presiding 'elder then appointed Leonard Parker to the 
place. There were the following appointments at this time : Winterset, Paytons, 
Worthington and Darnalls, Brooklyn and other appointments in the county having 
been detached and made a part of another mission. Samuel Weeks was the next 
pastor and he was succeeded by James Haines in 1857, whose salary was $320. 
S. AI. Good fellow was appointed to the charge in 1858, and his health failing, he 
resigned and was succeeded by C. C. Mabee. The next preacher was W. S. Peter- 
son. In 1859 the Iowa conference was divided and Winterset became a part of 
the new Des Moines conference. The first session of the Des Moines conference 
was held at Indianola, August 28, i860. Sanford Haines was elected presiding 
elder and U. P. Golliday was sent to Winterset. In 1861 J. F. Goolman was sent 
to Winterset but soon after he resigned to enter the army as captain of Company 
H, Twenty-third Iowa Infantry. He was succeeded by Dugald Thompson; 
then came R. S. Robinson, C. J. Nixon and C. C. Mabee again in 1864-5. 

It was not until 1865 that Winterset became a station. Up till this time it had 
been a part of a circuit and the time of the pastor was divided between this and 
other appointments. The different appointments as classes of the church in the 
county at that time were as follows : Lindens, Lavertys, Allcocks, Smiths, Flem- 
ings and Linn Grove. The appointments in the south part of the county were 
formed into a circuit in 1858, called Brooklyn circuit and J. B. Rawls became the 
pastor. Both Rawls and one of his successors, Charles Woolsey, died on the 
circuit and their remains were buried in the old Ebenezer cemetery. There are 
now twenty Methodist Church buildings in the county and several preaching 
appointments where they do not own a church building. They are located as 
follows: Jefferson Township, one; Webster, three; Madison, two; Penn, one; 
Douglas, one; Crawford, two; Scott, two; Grand River, two; Monroe, two; 
Walnut, one ; Ohio, one ; South, two ; Winterset, one. The pastors in Winteijset 
in more recent years have been : H. H. O'Neal, J. F. Goolman, B. F. W. Koser, 
J. A. Smith, E. M. H. Fleming, J. W. Todd, W. F. Laidley, C. H. Newell, W. D. 
Bennett, W. C. Martin, Artemus Brown, J. R. Horswell, C. L. Nye, Fred Harris, 
W. G. Riheldaffer, C. J. English, R. W. Matheny, Eugene W. F. Requa, Walburn 
and W. G. Hohanshelt, the present pastor. 


In 1854 Rev. J. C. Ewing, of the New School branch of the Presbyterian 
Church, came to Winterset and gathered what people he could find of like 
religious faith and organized a church. The organization was completed 
October 10, 1854, and it was taken into the care of the Presbytery of Des Moines, 
with Mr. Ewing as pastor. The first members were: John S. Gaff, Margaret 
Gaff, Dr. J. H. Gaff, David Lamb, Polly Ann Hawkins, Martha K. Kams, Emily 
Homback, Mary Dorrence. Dr. J. H. Gaff and David Lamb were elected elders. 

In 1855 a new church building was begun and completed. It stood on the 
corner where is now the Church of Christ. In 1864 Mr. Ewing resigned and 

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was succeeded by Rev. A. M. Heiser. This gentleman was a man of much 
ability and great religious zeal, many of his sermons by request having been 
published in the local press of that time. 

In 1857 the Old School Presbyterian Church was organized by a committee 
of which Rev. Mr. Jacobs, of Knoxville, was chairman. The organization at 
first consisted of eleven members, of which J. R. McCall and J. D. Jencks were 
elected elders. Walter L. Lyons was the first pastor and served during the build- 
ing of the church edifice, which was in 1859. This building was situated where 
the electric light plant is now located. It was used for church purposes till the 
completion of the new Presbyterian Church, when it was used for school purposes 
till the North Ward school building was erected, when it was abandoned and 
became the property of the city and was used as a home for the fire engine. When 
the powerhouse was erected it was moved to the land owned by B. L. Sprinkle 
and reconstructed into a bam where it still stands. Rev. T. J. Taylor was the 
second pastor of this church and he resigned in 1862 to become chaplain in the 

As before stated, the New School Church was in charge of Rev. D. M. 
Heiser in 1864. The pulpit of the Old School Church had been vacant for two 
years and through the efforts of Reverend Heiser there was a union formed of the 
two branches. This occurred December 15, 1867. Rev. E. Dickinson succeeded 
Mr. Heiser and served till April, 1870. He was succeeded by J. H. Potter, who 
came September i, 1870. Mr. Potter was remarkably successful and served the 
church with great acceptability for thirteen years. It was under his pastorate 
that the present substantial church edifice was built. It was completed and dedi- 
cated in 1876, at a cost of $14,000. 

Reverend Potter was succeeded by Dr. H. M. Robertson, October 29, 1883, 
who was followed by Rev. H. C. Herring, January i, 1890. The ministers since 
that time have been Reverends Ely, McDonald, Marquis and Rev. James Corkey, 
who has served this congregation for the past eight years. 

During the year 1885 an addition was built to the church and in 1890 an 
elegant parsonage was erected. 


The Episcopalians have never been strong in numbers in Winterset. A few 
families have lived here for many years. Some thirty or more years ago an 
organization was formed and a small chapel was erected. Services have been 
held from time to time by clergymen who have visited the city for that purpose. 
In 1881 and 1882 Rev. R. W. Estabrookwas the regularly installed pastor, and 
it is believed he is the only resident pastor the church has ever had. Services 
are now only occasionally held. Among some of the leading members of the 
church in the past have been C. W. Hale and family, Mrs. C. B. Wfelch, Mrs. 
Winchester and Mrs. A. Crawford. 


There are many people of the Catholic faith in and around Winterset. They 
have two church buildings in the county, the oldest and largest being located in 

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Built in 1859. Has served as church, schoolhouse and fire engine station, and is now 

used as a stable 

Replaced by a magnificent new church 

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Burned February, 1905. Rebuilt on same foundation 

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Lee Township. For many years after an organization was formed in Winterset, 
services were held in leased rooms. More than thirty years ago, a church building 
was erected in the west part of town and furnished in an elaborate manner. The 
Misses Horan, James Swift and John Fox were largely instrumental in securing 
the erection of the church building. This building was replaced by a modem 
structure, of pleasing architectural design, in 191 1. Among its more recent active 
members in Winterset may be mentioned Dr. Jessie V. Smith, Mrs. B. F. Min- 
tum and Mrs. F. D. Davenport. Among the pastors who have served this people 
may be mentioned Revs. Fathers J. M. Ehinnion, M. V. Rice, J. W. Murphy and 
Patrick Feeley, James A. Troy, William J. Churchill, and the present pastor. 
Rev. J. C. White, who took charge of the parish in October, 1914. 


It is well authenticated that the Elder Thomas Cason of this church was one 
of the first preachers in Madison County. Aside from the fact, nothing is known 
about his efforts to establish a religious organization. In 1853 Rev. A. D. Kellison 
and wife organized the First Christian Church at Winterset. A substantial 
church building was erected in 1855 and met the requirements of the organization 
until 1896, when it was torn down and a commodious and modem church was 
erected. Mr. and Mrs. Kellison preached for the church until 1858. Other 
early pastors were Rev. A. Bradfield, Elders Storr and Bishop. Reverends Fuller 
and Jellison were later pastors. In 1891 Rev. W. B. Golden was the pastor and 
he was followed by Reverend Howard, who remained several years. Under the 
efforts of the latter the congregation was materially built up and it was largely 
through hi^ untiring efforts that the church building was erected. The next 
pastor was sRev. L. E. FoUensbee, who has since achieved quite a reputation on 
the lecture platform. His successor was Rev. E. E. Bennett, who was followed 
by Rev. Grafton. The church is now without a pastor. 

Among the prominent members in early times were the families of John 
Rogers, William Compton, Doctor Philbrick, David Bishop, John Brinson, A. J. 
Adkinson and Mrs. Ogden. 

This denomination had an organization and church building at Peru in early 
times. More recently the building has been removed to the new town. 


This society was organized by Dr. J. A. Nash in January, 1856, with a mem- 
bership of twelve. Services were held wherever a room could be secured until 
1859. ^^ ^857 Rev. A. W. Russell became the pastor, giving this charge half of 
his time. In 1858 a lot was secured and work was begun on the erection of a 
stone church. The work was slow. The completion of the stone walls exhausted 
all the available funds, when Deacon Read sold a farm and used the proceeds 
in finishing the building. Judge Leonard seated the house and built the pulpit. 
From the time the church was dedicated until the new church was built there 
was scarcely a Sunday that some kind of religious services were not held within 
its walls. The new church building was commenced in 1886. It was completed 

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and dedicated February 20, 1887. On the morning of February 12, 1905, from 
some unknown cause the building caught fire and was burned out, leaving the 
walls standing in such condition that they could not be used in rebuilding the 
edifice. Work was immediately begun on another building and funds were soon 
secured which, supplemented by the amount received for insurance, enabled the 
congregation to complete the work. The new building was dedicated December 
31, 1905, at which time enough money was pledged to pay the entire indebtedness. 
This is now the largest and most beautiful church in the county. The following 
have been some of the pastors of this church : A. W. Russell served the church 
at the time the first building was erected. He was succeeded by W. A. Eggles- 
ton, who served for several years. He resigned on account of poor health and 
died soon afterwards. Next came O. T. Conger, who was succeeded by Reverends 
Carton, Delano, Jolin Gulton, W. A. Welsher, W. A. Weaver and G. C. Peck, 
the latter being the pastor at the time the second church building was dedicated. 
He served the church for several years, during which time the membership was 
greatly increased. Then followed Revs. C. Holmes, Anthony Jacobs, P. H. 
McDowell, and Fred Berry. During the pastorate of the latter the church flour- 
ished as never before. Before coming to Winterset he had been engaged in 
. evangelistic work and this characterized his labors while pastor here. He finally 
resigned to again enter the evangelistic work in the state. For a time thereafter 
the pulpit was vacant and then came Rev. Fred Berry, whose successor was 
Reverend Atwood, who died within a short time after leaving the charge. He 
was followed by Reverend Stewart, whose successor was Reverend Moon. 

There was formerly a Baptist Church in Patterson but in later years the or- 
ganization has gone down. There was a Baptist Church in Ohio Township, 
which was burned in 191 2. A few years ago the Old School Baptists erected a 
church building in the cemetery north of Winterset. 


In August, 1855, the Associate Reform Congregation of Winterset was or- 
ganized with fifteen members, and afterward the Associate Congregation or- 
ganized with six members. In 1858 after the general union of the Associate 
and Associate Reform Churches under the name of United Presbyterian, these 
two congregations united and became the United Presbyterian Church of Win- 
terset, having forty members. The first United Presbyterian minister coming 
to Winterset was Rev. David Lindsay. He was followed by James Green. Among 
the members of pioneer times were Reverends Patterson, Christy, Vance, Stur- 
geon, Steel and Sawhill. In May, 1856, Rev. John Graham located on a farm 
near Winterset and frequently preached to the people. Rev. C. T. McCaughan 
was the first regularly installed pastor of the church. He remained six years, 
during which time the congregations at Patterson, North Branch, Union and 
Peru were organized. The two latter still exist and have commodious church 
buildings, the one from Pitzer having been moved from its former location a few 
years ago. For about thi-ee years Rev. J. U. McClinahan was pastor of the 
church at Winterset, then the pulpit was supplied for a time by Henry Wallace. 
A. M. Campbell then served several years. Then came Rev. J. H. White, who 
was followed by Reverend Dugan. The present pastor is Reverend Stewart. 

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Came to Madison County in 1865 and 
was pastor of the United Presbyterian 
Church in Winterset for many years. As- 
sisted in organizing and building up five 
other churches in the county. Born in 
Trigg County, Kentucky, in 1814, and 
died in Winterset, October 13, 1909, at 
the age of ninety-five years. Grand- 
father of Charles Trumbull White, 
editor of '* Everybody 's. ' ' 

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'V V 


i ■ 

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This church is appropriately named, from its two prominent tenets of faith ; 
seventhvday meaning the Sabbath, which they observe as a day of rest; Ad- 
ventist, meaning a belief in the speedy coming, a second time, of Christ. The 
church building where they worship was erected in 1882. They have no stated 
pastor, but hold regular services, at which some one of the members officiates. 
A. J. Stiffler was for many years a prominent member, but he removed to Oregon 
some years ago, whei^e his death occurred. 


The first meetings of this denomination were held in a log schoolhouse about 
a mile and a half east of Winterset. The church was first organized in Winterset 
in 1856, occupying rooms upstairs on the north side of the square. Peter Russell 
was among the first pastors. In 1857 a frame building, where now stands the 
residence of Ben Bare, was used for church services and at the close of the 
Civil war the congregation purchased the building owned by the Old School 
Presbyterians and this served as their house of worship till the new church was 
erected in 1899. The pastors who have served this congregation are: Revs. 
J. P. Roach, J. K. Cornell, D. R. Dungan, O. H. Derry, J. M. Lowe, Hodkinson, 
Major, Veach, J. H. Ragan, O. M. Pennock, S. D. Harlan, and the present pastor, 
Rev. L. F. Davis. 

There are four other churches of this denomination in the county — Early 
Chapel in Jackson Township, one in Barney, one at Patterson and one at St. 
Charles. The Patterson church met with an irreparable loss in the death of 
Butler Bird. The church at Barney is a comparatively new organization and is 
in a prosperous condition. E^rly Chapel was named in honor of the Early 
family which has resided in that vicinity for many years. It is a beautiful and 
well kept building on a commanding site in one of the best farming communities 
of the county. 


Some fifteen years ago Reverend Quick came to Winterset and after preaching 
in a tent for some time, organized a church and soon afterward secured funds 
from the people of the town to build a church. Reverend Quick was followed 
by Rev. Joseph Griffin. ^ 

This denomination has another organization and building in Lincoln 


This denomination has five church buildings and organizations in Madison 
County,^ and all are in a flourishing condition. The strongest and probably the 
oldest organization is the Shambaugh Chapel, in the northeastern part of Jeffer- 
son Township. There are two other churches in this township — Jefferson in the 

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southeast part and North River in the Brittain neighborhood. Rev. E. W. Curtis, 
who was largely instrumental in forming the organization at Jefferson and North 
River, served as pastor a number of years. 

Providence Chapel is located near Middle River, in Scott Township. The 
members of the organization worshipped for many years in the schoolhouse 
near by. For several years past they have worshipped in a neat church building 
which bears the name of Providence. In i860 Rev. John Blair 6ame from Ken- 
tucky with twelve yoke of oxen, several horses, one carriage and numerous rela- 
tives. They left their native state on account of their hostility to slavery. They 
settled in Scott and South townships principally, and Blair Chapel was the out- 
growth of this immigration. It is located in South Township, near the Craw- 
ford Township line. A number of years ago the building burned and it was 
replaced by a neat and substantial edifice. 


There are two localities in Madison County where there are quite a number 
belonging to this church. Earlham and vicinity was largely settled by them and 
that unusually fine body of land extending from the west part of Madison Town- 
ship eastward is called "Quaker Divide" because so many of the early farmers 
belonged to that church. The Town of Earlham from the start has had a large 
number of this faith and among its adherents may be found some of the most 
prominent citizens. The town itself was named in honor of Earlham College in 
Indiana, a school maintained by the Friends. In Ohio Township is another settle- 
ment largely made up of Friends. Oak Run is the name of the home of the organi- 

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The pioneers of the healing art in Madison County were the guardians of a 
widely dispersed population. Aside from their professional duties, they con- 
tributed their full share to the material development of a newly opened country. 
Some were men of culture, who had gained their medical education in college. 
Others were of limited educational attainments, whose professional knowledge 
had been acquired in the offices of established practitioners of more or less ability 
in the sections from which they emigrated. Of either class almost without excep- 
tion, they were practical men of great force of character who gave cheerful 
and efficacious assistance to the suffering, daily joximeying on horseback scores 
of miles, over a country almost destitute of roads and encountering swollen, 
unbridged streams, without waterproof garments or other now common protection 
against the elements. Out of necessity the pioneer physician developed rare quick- 
ness of perception and self-reliance. A specialist was then unknown, and the 
physician was called upon to treat every phase of bodily ailment, serving as 
physician, surgeon, oculist and dentist. His books were few and there were no 
practitioners of more ability than himself with whom he might consult. His 
medicines were simple and carried on his person and every preparation of pill 
or solution was the work of his own hands. 


Dr. J. H. Gaff was the pioneer doctor of Madison County and the first one 
to commence the practice in Winterset, setting up his office in the spring of 1850 
fn the recorder's office, which necessarily occupied a small space in the primitive 
log cabin built as the first courthouse. He put up one of the first log houses in 
the county seat and in this humble dwelling he lived and boarded the young 
single men until they were able to set up an establishment of their own. Doctor 
Gaff was a "regular" and his kindly face was known throughout the county 
during its infancy. 

Dr. L. M. Tidrick studied medicine while living in Ohio and graduated from 
the St. Louis College of Medicine. For a short time in 1850 he practiced in Des 
Moines and in the spring of 1851 located in Winterset, opening an office in the 
log courthouse. He was a man of acknowledged ability in his chosen profession 
and his kind and sympathetic nature made him a welcome visitor in the sick 
room. Doctor Tidrick was a member of the State Medical Association, also the 
Madison Cotmty Medical Association, and one of its organizers. He married 
Martha Bell in 1854 and in 1855 was elected county treasurer. 



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Dr. William Leonard was one of Madison County's leading physicians ^nd 
surgeons and also an Ohioan. He turned his eyes westward in 1859 and located 
in Winterset, then a village of a few houses. He read medicine in his native 
state; graduated from the Ohio Medical College in 1852 and from Jefferson 
Medical College (Philadelphia) in 1854. He began practice in his native state 
and coming here, soon became a leader and a success in the profession of medi- 
cine. In 1862, Doctor Leonard was appointed assistant surgeon of the Thirty- 
ninth Iowa Infantry, which position he filled until April, 1863, when he received 
the appointment of post surgeon at Corinth, Mississippi, and was assigned to the 
staff of Gen. Grenville M. Dodge. In October of that year he became surgeon, 
by commission, of the Seventh Illinois Infantry, which office he retained until 
the close of the Civil war. Doctor Leonard was a member of the State Medical 
Association and of the Madison County Medical Association; he also held the 
office of county treasurer one term. 

Dr. J. H. Mack was a good physician, but a better business man. He was from 
the '*Buckeye" state and located at Macksburg in 1857. He walked from Des 
Moines to Grand River Township and settling there, soon acquired several 
hundred acres of choice land. Doctor Mack was patriotic and enlisted for the 
Civil war in the Forty-seventh Iowa Infantry. Returning to Macksburg he 
resumed the practice of his profession and ministered to a large and paying 
clientele. He served in the Legislature, as representative in the 22d and 23d 

Dr. J. A. Rawls was considered an intelligent physician and skilled surgeon. 
He graduated from the Ohio Medical College in 1876, but was a resident of the 
county as early as 1859. Macksburg was his chosen headquarters, and here, and 
in the surrounding country, he enjoyed a good practice. 

Dr. S. B. Cherry was one of Winterset's quite early physicians, coming to the 
county seat in 1862 and opening an office ; was very successful. He was assistant 
surgeon of the Forty-seventh Iowa Infantry, and after resuming his practice 
became an organizing member of the Madison County Medical Association. 

In the list of physicians in the practice at Winterset in 1868 were David 
Hutchinson, L. M. Tidrick, E. L. Hillis, J. B. Duff, A. C. Baldock, A. J. Russell,. 
A. J. Morris, S. B. Cherry, D. D. Davisson and G. M. Rutledge. 

Dr. Wm. M. Anderson came to Iowa in 1858, after studying and practicing 
medicine in Ohio, and in the spring of i860 came to St. Charles, Iowa — pur- 
chasing the home and business of Dr. J. S. Calaway, the first practicing physician 
in St. Charles. Doctor Anderson was one of the leading physicians in Madison 
and Warren counties and followed the profession from the time of his arrival 
to the time of his death — December i, 1897. Dr. A. B. Smith came to St. Charles 
about the same time as Doctor Anderson and later was in partnership with 
Dr. L. J. Forney and sometime in the '70s moved to Winterset where he operated 
a drug store for many years, and died in California a few years ago. 

Dr. T. Roberts long was St. Charles' leading physician,* locating there in 1874. 
He was bom in Ohio, came to the State of Iowa with his parents and taught 
school several terms. He then read medicine and was graduated from the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons, at Keokuk, in 1873. 

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W. M. Beaver was born in Mercer County, Pennsylvania, and studied medi- 
cine there. He began the practice of his profession at St. Charles in 1869. 

Dr. L. J. Forney began the practice first at St. Charles, then moved to Winter- 
set in 1869, but came to the county six years previously. He was a graduate of 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Ohio Medical College and Rush Medical 

In 1874 the firm of Tidrick & Likes was formed. This was shortly after the 
arrival of Dr. E. T. Likes from Guernsey County, Ohio. He received his medical 
education at the Detroit Medical College and after associating himself with Doctor 
Tidrick, enjoyed a large and lucrative practice. 

Dr. J. H. Wintrode, who was a Pennsylvanian by birth, received his profes- 
sional education at Baltimore. He located in Winterset in 1876 and in 1879 
married Flora B. Hutchings. While engaged in the practice he also conducted a 
drug store for some time. He served one term as county treasurer. 

Dr. John Green may be placed among the pioneer physicians of Madison 
County, as he came to Walnut Township in an early day, located at Peru and for 
years answered the calls from a large and contiguous territory. In 1853 Dr. N. 
M. Smith arrived in Walnut Township and later read medicine under the direc- 
tion of Doctor Green. He attended the College of Physicians and Surgeons at 
Keokuk, was graduated and locating at Peru, enjoyed a fair measure of success. 

It has been difficult to secure the names of all the physicians worthy of notice 
who have practiced in Madison County, so that the omissions must be attributed 
not to an unworthy motive, but to lack of knowledge of the full list. However, 
in a general way, others not already noticed may be here mentioned. 

Doctor Rippey was an old practitioner who, like many others, traveled across 
country in all kinds of weather "horseback,*' with his saddlebags. For some years 
he lived about six miles south of Winterset. 

Doctor Sloan was of the last named place and practiced there for many years, 
after which he retired to a life of well earned ease. 

Dr. John Cooper practiced here in the period from 1875 to about 1883. He 
went to Des Moines, where he continued to practice a number of years. His son, 
Butler Cooper, began the practice here in the '90s but remained a few years 
and then located in another place. He has been dead some years. 

It has been said that "actively competing for and enjoying a fair share of the 
practice in St. Charles and vicinity are Drs. S. N. Sayre and E. K. Anderson, 
both younger in years than Doctor Roberts, but mature in experience, sound in 
judgment and both deserving of the high social and professional position which 
they enjoy.*' Dr. I. K. Sayre is a son of S. N. Sayre, with whom he is in 

"Dr. B. D. Little has for many years enjoyed and deserved the confidence 
of the people of Patterson and vicinity, having accomplished a large amount of 
professional work. At Bevington, Doctor Findlay, one of the younger men, 
kept the people well but is now gone. The first practitioner there was Dr. T. F. 
Kelliher, who is now a leading physician of Des Moines. At Earlham, Doctor 
Day, a son of the late Judge Day, of Des Moines, has for many years been active 
in his chosen profession. Doctor Irwin is also in the practice. Dr. F. W. Bush. 
a native of the county, was prominent in his community around Pitzer, both pro- 

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fessionally and socially, as were also Drs. Scofield and Miller, of Macksburg, 
who are gone. To take their places are M. B. Coltrane and Doctor Wallace. 
Doctors Griffith and J. W. Carver, of Peru, are still there, but Doctors Clearwater 
and McClellan, of Truro, are gone." Dr. J. A. Hutchinson is now the only one 
remaining in Truro. Dr. G. N. Skinner was the first physician there. 

Of the members of the medical fraternity at Winterset, Dr. John Milholland 
had the longest career up to the time of his departure a few years ago, having 
received his degree from the University of Missouri in 1874. He was a veteran 
of the Civil war and for many years served as a member of the pension board of 
this county. Dr. W. H. Thompson is a native of Pennsylvania, obtained his 
literary education in Pittsburg, and graduated from Jefferson Medical College 
(Philadelphia) in 1884. Dr. Edward Embree was graduated from the State 
University, medical department, in 1889, and Dr. G. N. Skinner from the medical 
department of Drake University the same year. Dr. R. R. Davisson graduated 
from Rush Medical College in 1890 ; Dr. Jessie V. Smith from Keokuk Medical 
College of Chicago in 1896; and Dr. W. F. Sterman from the Illinois Medical 
College of Chicago in 1896; Doctor Richards is a graduate of the homeopathic 
department of the University of Iowa, while Doctor Ruth received his diploma 
from Keokuk Medical College in 1891. He is no longer here. Dr. D. D. Davis- 
son was long one of the leading physicians of Madison County and a prominent 
citizen. He served in the Legislature from this county. Dr. C. B. Hickenlooper 
is a recent addition to the fraternity and is a successful practitioner. Dr. T. P. 
Weir, an osteopath, has a good practice and is popular. 


The Madison County Medical Association was first organized July 14, 1872, 
and on the 2Sth of the month, the organization was perfected by the election of 
D. D. Davisson, president; W. L. Leonard, vice president; S. B. Cherry, secretary; 
A. Smith, treasurer; Sloan, Leonard and Cherry, censors. 

For some years the association held regular meetings, upon which occasions 
carefully prepared papers were read upon subjects pertinent and interesting to 
the profession ; but interest finally died out and the meetings ceased to have the 
regularity first intended by the members. Finally, after a lapse of time, the society 
was reorganized on May 15, 1899, with the following members: R. R. Davisson, 
Edward Embree, F. A. Ely, G. N. Skinner, D. D. Davisson, W. H. Thompson, 
J. A. Lawson, W. F. Sterman, John Milholland. The officials were: R. R. 
Davisson, president; Edward Embree, vice president; F. A. Ely, secretary; G. N. 
Skinner, treasurer. The present members of the society are: R. R. Davisson, 
W. H. Thompson, F. D. Davenport, C. B. Hickenlooper, Edward Embree, 
Jessie V. Smith, E. K. Anderson, T. Roberts and S. N. Sayre, St. Charles ; J. A. 
Hutchinson, Truro ; J. W. Carver, East Peru. The present officials are : B. D. 
Little, of Patterson, president; G. N. Skinner, vice president; R. R. Davisson, 

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Perhaps no body of men, not excepting the clergy, may exercise a greater 
influence for good in a community than those who follow the profession of the 
law, and it must b^ admitted that to no other body, not even to the so-called 
criminal classes, are committed greater possibilities for an influence for evil. 
What that influence shall be depends upon the character of the men who con- 
stitute the bar of the community — ^not merely on their ability or learning but on 
their character. If the standard of morality among the members of the bar is 
high, the whole community learns to look at questions of right and wrong from 
a higher plane. If the bar, consciously or unconsciously, adopts a low standard 
of morality, it almost inevitably contaminates the conscience of the community. 
And this is true not only in the practice of the profession itself, not only because 
of the influence of members of the bar as men rather than lawyers, but in the 
effect upon other professions and occupations to which the bar acts as a feeder. 
The members of the Legislature are recruited largely from the legal profession. 
How can legislation, designed solely for the welfare of the public, be expected 
from one whose honor as a lawyer has not been above suspicion? And since 
lawyers, outside of the Legislature, have a great influence in shaping the law, 
how can the people expect that influence to be exerted in their behalf when the 
bar itself is unworthy? Still more does the character of the bar effect the 
judiciary, which is supplied from its ranks. It is not always, perhaps not gen- 
erally, the case that members of the bench are chosen from those lawyers who 
have attained the highest rank in their profession. If a judge be industrious and 
honest but not of great ability, or if he be able and honest, though lacking in- 
dustry, the rights of the litigants are not likely to suffer seriously at his hands. 
But there have been instances where judicial office was bestowed solely as a 
reward for political service ; and while it is sometimes realized that one who has 
been a strenuous and not too scrupulous politician up to the moment of his 
elevation to the bench, has thereafter forgotten that there was such a trade as 
politics and has administered justice without fear or favor, the experiment is a 
dangerous one. No one need be surprised if in such a case the old maxim holds 
true : "He who buys the office of judge must of necessity sell justice." Let our 
judges be men who are subject to other influences than those of the facts sub- 
mitted to them and the law applicable to those facts ; let them lack that independ- 
ence which is an imperative requisite to one who holds the scales of justice; let a 
well founded suspicion arise that their decisions are dictated by something outside 
of their own minds and consciences, and the confidence of the people in the main- 
tenance of their rights through the agency of the courts is destroyed. 

It has been the good fortune of the City of Winterset and the County of 
Madison that the members of the bar here have been, for the most part, men of 


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high character as well as ability and learning, so that its bar has won a high 
and honorable reputation throughoiit the rest of the state and because of the high 
character of the bar it has followed that those of its members who have been 
elevated to the bench have enjoyed the confidence and respect of the public 
and have been honored not only in their own locality but in many cases through- 
out the state and in other states. 

Yet the preparation of a history of the bar, so far at least, as that part of it 
which lies back of one's own generation is concerned, is attended with considerable 
difficulty. Probably few men who in their time play important parts in the com- 
munity or even in the state or nation, leave so transient a reputation as lawyers 
do. A writer on this subject who took for his text "The Lawyer of Fifty Years 
Ago," said: "In thinking over the names of these distinguished men of whom 
I have been speaking, the thought has come to me how evanescent and limited is 
the lawyer's reputation, both in time and space. I doubt very much if a lawyer, 
whatever his standing, is much known to the profession outside of his own state." 
Those who attain high rank in the profession must realize that with rare excep- 
tions, their names are "writ in water." One may turn over the leaves of old 
reports and find repeated again and again as counsel in different cases the name 
of some lawyer who must have been in his time a power in the courts, only to 
wonder if he has ever seen the name outside of the covers of the dusty reports 
in which it appears. Hamilton, in the conventions, in the Federalist and in the 
treasury, and Webster in the Senate and in public orations, have perpetuated and 
increased the fame of lawyers Hamilton and Webster; but were it not for their 
services outside the strict limits of their profession, one might come upon their 
names at this date with much the same lack of recognition as that with which 
one finds in a reported case the names of some counsel, great perhaps in his own 
time, but long since forgotten. 

And there is 'another difficulty in preparing such a history as this, brief and 
therefore necessarily limited to a few names, and that is that some may be omitted 
who are quite as worthy of mention as those whose names appear. It is not 
often that any one man stands as a lawyer head and shoulders above the other 
members of the profession; and the same may be said of any half dozen men. 
In many cases the most careful measurement would fail to disclose a difference 
of more than a fraction of an inch, if any. Lives of eminent men who have at 
some period been practicing lawyers, have contained the assertion that while they 
were engaged in the practice of their profession they were the "leaders of the 
bar," but there is almost always room for doubt as to whether the title is not a 
brevet bestowed by the biographer alone. Therefore the mention in this article 
of certain lawyers must not be taken as any disparagement of those who are not 
mentioned, and finally, it is to be observed that this article, so far as the bar is 
concerned, will treat not only of those members who are past and gone, but will 
make mention of some of those now in the flesh. But first, attention is directed 
to the judicial districts in which Madison County found herself at various times. 


The first constitution of the State of Iowa contained the provision that **The 
judicial powers shall be vested in a Supreme Court, District Courts and such 

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inferior courts as the General Assembly may from time to time establish/' The 
constitution also provided that "The first session of the General Assembly shall 
divide the state into four districts, which may be increased as the exigencies may 
require/* In accordance to this latter provision the counties of Van Buren, 
Jefferson, Davis, Wapello, Keokuk, Mahaska, Marion, Monroe, Appanoose and 
the counties west of the counties of Marion, Monroe and Appanoose were placed 
in the third district. This in effect provided for Madiso'n County, which at the 
time was attached to Marion for judicial purposes. 

C^ January 12, 1849, "An act to create a fifth judicial district was approved." 
The new district thus formed was composed of the counties of Appanoose, 
Wayne, Decatur, Ringgold, Taylor, Page, Fremont, Monroe, Lucas, Qark, 
Marion, Warren, Madison, Jasper, Polk, Dallas, Marshall, Story and Boone, 
so that at the time Madison County was organized, in 1849, ^^d held its first 
District Court, it formed a part of the fifth judicial district, and the first term 
of this court was opened May 31, 1849, at the house or grocery of Enos Berger, 
with Judge William McKay, of Des Moines, on the bench. This first temple of 
jtistice was certainly a novel and unpretentious affair. The judge took his seat 
behind the counter, in the store room, while attorneys, other court officials, 
litigants, jurors and spectators were in front of the counter. Everybody in the 
country who possibly could come to the Berger store was there to attend the 
unusual occurrence of the holding of the District Court in the new county. Not 
only was the county without a courthouse, but more strange to say, it was not yet 
possessed of a seat of justice. 

In the first record book, kept by the clerk of the District Court, appear the 
following entries: 

May Term, A. D. 1849. 

At a regular term of the District Court held at and in the house of Enos 
Berger, within and for the County of Madison, in the State of Iowa, on the 
thirty-first day of May, A. D. 1849, present, the Honorable William McKay, 
Judge of the Fifth Judicial Circuit in said State: 

No. I. 
Leonard Bowman 


Samuel Guye 

This day come the defendants, by Casady & Tidrick, their attorneys, and 
filed their affidavit and asked a change of venue, whereupon the court allowed a 
change of venue in this case and ordered the same to be sent to Polk County, 
Iowa, and the court doth further order that the defendants in this case pay the 
costs of this term. 

No. 2. 
The State of Iowa ' 

V. * Surety of the Peace. Recognizance. 

Samuel Guye 

This day came the defendant, by his attorney, and filed his motion to dismiss 
the case and the court doth, on consideration thereof, sustain the motion. There- 
fore, it is ordered and adjudged by the court here that this case be dismissed. 

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Recognizance for Surety of the Peace. 

State of Iowa 


Samuel W. Guye 

This day comes the defendant, by his attorneys, and filed his motion to dismiss 
the case, because there was an affidavit before a justice, and the court doth, upon 
consideration thereof, sustain the motion. Therefore, it is ordered and adjudged 
by the court here that this cause be dismissed. 

It does not appear that at this term of the court either a grand or petit jury 
was impaneled. The second term was held on May 30, 1850, Judge McKay 
on the bench. The sheriff reported the return of a venire for a grand jury, which 
was sworn by the court and William Sturman was appointed foreman. On 
motion of R. L. Tidrick, I. D. Guiberson and M. L. McPherson were admitted to 
practice at this bar, after having presented certificates of admission to the courts 
of the states from which they came. I. D. Guiberson was then appointed prose- 
cuting attorney for the term. These proceedings are here related simply to 
show how the first court in Madison County was established. 


Men of high breeding, culture, education and highly developed legal talents 
have presided over the courts in this county even from the beginning. William 
McKay, as before stated, was the first district judge and resided in Des Moines. 
He was elected to the bench on the democratic ticket at the April election in 1849, 
and continued on the bench until the close of the September term of 1852. Judge 
McKay was a graduate of a Kentucky military school, and that is probably the 
reason why he became known as Major, or Colonel McKay, before he secured the 
more dignified title of Judge. He went to Des Moines in February, 1846, and 
was known as a young man of culture, courtly manners, genial and attractive. 
It was not long before he gained public attention. Young McKay was soon hold- 
ing minor positions of a clerical nature, having first become clerk of the State 
Commission, which was composed of alleged "Quakers,*' who were authorized to 
select a tract of 800 acres of land donated by Congress, upon which to locate a 
new state capital site. His report was too precise in that it revealed the skull- 
duggery of the Commission; whereupon, the Legislature repudiated "Monroe 
City, in Jasper County," as the site for the new state capital. Des Moines was a 
candidate itself for this great prize and McKay was too loyal to his own town to 
report in favor of any other. 

At the May term of the District Court in 1847, McKay was admitted to the 
bar of Polk County, and was the first applicant to accomplish that end. He was 
elected judge of the fifth district in 1849. Judge McKay was an ardent teetotaler 
and avowed his temperance principles on all occasions. He was esthetic and loved 
the beautiful, whether in animal or still life. He held the office of judge four 
years and was defeated for reelection by P. M. Casiday, of Des Moines, who soon 
resigned and was succeeded by the eccentric Judge C. J. McFarland, of Boone. 
In 1857 Judge McKay went to Kansas, where he died a few years later. In all 
his relations with civic and social life he stood for the betterment of all. 

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In 1853 ^^^ state was again redistricted and divided into nine judicial dis- 
tricts. By this arrangement, Madison was placed in the ninth district, with 
Monroe, Appanoose, Wayne, Decatur, Lucas, Clark and Warren. Madison re- 
mained in the ninth until 1857, when the eleventh judicial district was created, 
in which Madison was placed with Poweshiek, Mahaska, Jasper, Marion, Polk, 
Warren and Dallas. When a new alignment of the judicial districts was effected 
in 1858 Madison was again assigned to the fifth district, which was completed 
with the addition of Carroll, Audubon, Greene, Guthrie, Adair, Dallas, Warren 
and Polk counties, where it has remained until the present time. 

The next judge to sit on the bench at this court was John S. Townsend, 
who succeeded P. M. Casiday, the latter having resigned the position without 
having held a term of court here. William M. Stone followed Townsend in 


John H. Gray was the first judge to preside here after Madison County had 
been permanently placed in the fifth judicial district. He served from 1859 until 
in the fall of 1865, when his death occurred. Then came Charles C. Nourse, who 
was appointed to fill the vacancy left by Judge Gray. His successor was Hugh 
Maxwell, who was also appointed to fill a vacancy. He was on the bench from 
1866 until 1870. 

John Leonard belonged in Madison County and was elected to the bench in the 
fall of 1874. He was a man of fine legal mind and dealt out justice with strict- 
ness and unwavering impartiality. During his incumbency of the office he was 
called upon to pass on many cases that became of state wide celebrity. 

W. H. McHenry succeeded Judge Leonard in 1878. John Mitchell was the 
first to sit upon the circuit bench here in 1868, the fifth judicial district having 
been divided into two circuits. Judge Mitchell held court in the first circuit, 
composed of Warren, Monroe and Dallas, and Frederick Mott, of Madison 
County, held court in the second district, composed of Adair, Cass, Guthrie, 
Audubon, Greene, Carroll and Madison. Judge Mott was considered one of the 
ablest and purest judges of the Iowa bench, but was compelled to retire upon the 
abolishment of the second circuit of the fifth judicial district in 1873. ^^ 1878 
another circuit was formed, when S. A. Calvert was appointed to tfie judgeship. 

A. W. Wilkinson, of Winterset, was elected to the district bench in 1887, 
and served until 1902. His record as a ju^st of sound, legal acumen, painstak- 
ing care in preparing decisions and impartiality in his rulings, is unassailable. 
He was one of the most popular judges in the district, and while on the bench 
commanded a high place in the estimation of those holding place in the appellate 
courts. He left the bench to resume the practice of the law, and is now the 
nestor of the Madison County bar. A more extended sketch will be noticed in 
the second volume of this work. 

The names of other judges of this district follow: O. B. Ayers, of Knox- 
ville, Marion County, 1887-90; J. H. Henderson, Indianola, Warren County, 
1887-95; William H. McHenry, Des Moines, 1879-86; James H. Applegate, 
Guthrie Center, 1891-1914; Edmund Nichols, Perry, Dallas County, 1903-10; 
John A. Storey, Greenfield, Adair County, 1896; James D. Gamble, Knoxville, 
Marion County, 1896-1910; William H. Fahey, Perry, Dallas County, 191 1 ; Loren 
N. Hayes, Knoxville, Marion County, 191 1. 

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The bar of Winterset contains upon its roster the names of a number of promi- 
nent men, and, as a class, the lawyers of this place have been men of high char- 
acter, and one naturally feels a thrill of local pride in looking over the roll of 
names of those men who have done so much to protect the rights of the people 
and to preserve in its purity that jurisprudence which is the foundation stone of 
American civilization. 

One of the earliest lawyers of Madison County was Israel D. Guiberson, 
who in the few years he practiced his profession established a reputation which 
is still cherished. He died in 1856. 

M. L. McPherson was a pioneer lawyer who rose to eminence. He was 
decidedly a man of power. He was a soldier in the Civil war, was a member of 
the State Senate and was a man of prominence in the state. As an advocate 
he has had few equals. 

Gen. A. J. Baker practiced law here prior to the Civil war. He enlisted in 
the Seventeenth Iowa Infantry and after the war settled in Missouri and from 
there he moved to Centerville, Iowa, about forty years ago. He was attorney 
general of the State of Missouri and also of Iowa. 

In the early days of ^this country, Col. H. J. B. Cumrhings was a lawyer of 
recognized ability. He was colonel of the Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry and served 
through the war, at the close of which he engaged in the newspaper business. 
He was elected to Congress in 1876 and served one term. 

John Leonard always ranked as one of the able and successful lawyers of the 
state. He was judge of the District Court one term. He devoted his time 
exclusively to the practice of his profession and was eminently successful. 

Judge Frederick Mott was for many years the law partner of Judge Leonard. 
He was a soldier in the Civil war, served one term as circuit judge and has also 
served as county attorney. Some years ago he retired from the practice of law 
and engaged in the banking business, but now lives with his son in Des Moines. 

Judge A. W. Wilkinson is the only one of the early practitioners now actively 
engaged in the profession. While comparatively a young man he was elected to 
the district bench, where he immediately sprang into prominence as the possessor 
of one of the finest judicial minds in the state. So well did he serve the people 
and so popular did he become with the bar of the district that he was reelected 
time and again, finally retiring on his own motion after a service of sixteen 
years. He is now senior partner of the firm of Wilkinson & Wilkinson. 

Among the early lawyers may be mentioned S. G. Beckwith and G. N. Elliott. 
They both gave up their practice in 1862 and joined the Union army. Elliott 
rose to the rank of colonel and after the war he was a successful attorney in 
Topeka, Kansas, where he died some eleven years ago. Beckwith was killed at 
Black River Bridge and his memory as a true patriot will always be cherished. 

V. Wainwright came to this county during the Civil war and engaged in the 
practice of his profession. He was an able and successful lawyer and a con- 
scientious and scholarly gentleman. He died in Winterset almost a quarter of 
a century ago. 

One of the brightest young men of this state was B. F. Murray. He was 
not only prominent as a lawyer but he was prominent in politics. He served a 

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term in both branches of the Legislature. His health broke down while he was 
yet a young man which ended a career that could not have been otherwise than 

Hon. S. G. Ruby was for many years one of the prominent and successful 
lawyers of this county. For a number of years he was consul for this republic 
at Belfast, Ireland. He also held other important Government positions. He and 
B. F. Murray were among the first to enlist in the Union army from here. 

Judge W. H. Lewis has for many years been engaged in the nursery busi- 
ness. He was a successful lawyer for a number of years and served one term as 
county judge. 

V. G. HoUiday, at one time an attorney of this place, is now practicing his 
profession in Colorado. 

T. C. Gilpin was a soldier in the Civil war. He came about its close and 
enjoyed a lucrative practice until he retired a few years ago. He also served as 
county judge and county auditor of this county. For many years his law partner 
was his brother, Hon. S. J. Gilpin, who died in Winterset a few years ago. 

Maj. Eli Wilkin and John Burke came to this county about the year 1868 and 
began the practice of law. Both were Union soldiers. In a few years Burke 
removed to St. Louis, where he became prominent and wealthy. Major Wilkin 
built up a fine practice, which he retained until he removed to the State of Wash- 
ington. He served one term in the State Senate of Iowa. He died at his old home 
in Ohio some fourteen years ago. 

Byram Leonard began the practice of law here under flattering prospects but 
his career was cut short by his death in 1878. He was a good lawyer and highly 
respected in this community. His brother, J. F. Leonard, is still engaged in 
practice and has also engaged in farming to some extent. 

A. W. C Weeks, at one time a prominent attorney of this place, is now in 
Oklahoma. He quit the law some years ago and is now engaged in journalism. 

The firm of McCaughan & Dabney was engaged in the law business at this 
place for about twenty years. They were both able and successful. Mr. 
McCaughan is now largely engaged in mining and farming in Mexico and Mr. 
Dabney went into the oil business in San Francisco and died a few years ago. 

J. R. Chandler, at one time mayor of Winterset, and a prominent attorney, 
was highly respected. He served in the Civil war. 

J. M. Miller, Hotner Thompson, J. W. Wood and M. Polk were all at one 
time members of the bar at Winterset. Mr. Wood and Mr. Polk are dead; Mr. 
Thompson is engaged in the newspaper business at Valley Junction, Iowa, and 
J. M. Miller is engaged in the real estate business in the State of Washington. 

G. W. Seevers, one of the oldest members of the bar, died in 1914. 

Hon. C. C. Goodale, of Lamars, Colorado, is another member of the bar. of 
Madison County who attained honors and eminence. He was not only an able 
lawyer but was at one time a popular politician of this state. He has been 
eminently successful in Colorado and for a number of years was surveyor general 
of that state. T. R. Wilkie practiced at this bar several years and left for Des 
Moines about five years ago. 

S. D. Alexander attained some prominence at this bar and severed his con- 
nections only when death and disease called him away, in 191 4. 

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Emory Nicholson also died but quite recently — in 1913. 

J. J. Crossley served as county superintendent of schools two terms; repre- 
sented this district in the State Senate, and for several years was prosecuting 
attorney in Alaska after moving there. He is now practicing law in Portland, 

Of the present members of the bar, brief mention will be made, as more 
extended notice of their careers will be found in the second volume. John A. 
Guiher is recognized as one of the able lawyers of the state. He has a fine 
practice and the people o\ this county would feel a pride in seeing him promoted 
to the bench. He was appointed railroad commissioner in January, 19 15. 

J. P. Steele is one of the older members of the local bar, has a good practice 
and is a successful lawyer. He has served the county as its prosecuting attorney. 

W. S. Cooper has proven a success as a general, all around practitioner. He 
served at one time as county attorney. 

Others who should be mentioned in this connection are W. O. Lucas, W. T. 
Guiher, ex-county attorney, Leo Percival, Phil R. Wilkinson, county attorney 
elect, J. J. Crossley, J. E. Tidrick, C. A. Robbins, ex-county attorney and now 
assistant attorney general for Iowa ; Samuel C. Smith, late county attorney, who 
made an enviable record as county attorney and has established a large practice; 
Joseph F. Smith, of the firm of Robbins & Smith; J. W. Rhode, of Earlham; 
and W. A. Tris, of St. Charles. 


Webster defines history as an account of facts ; but the prevailing iconoclasm 
of the present age would seem almost sufficient to forestall any effort of individual 
or society to attempt to perpetuate aught of historic reminiscence. So persistent 
have been the efforts of these image breakers, that one is almost forced to the 
conclusion, paradoxical as it may seem, that history, instead of being an account 
of facts, is a true and correct record of events and incidents of the past, that never 
transpired. Truth and fiction have been by them so inextricably confounded that 
the disgusted and confused school boy was more than half right when he said, 
"history is a confounded nuisance." They have broken the cross bow and arrow 
of William Tell, and relegated him, with the tyrant Gessler, to the region of 
mythical mists. 

Arnold Winkelried no longer forces a breech through the serried ranks of 
the Austrians by grasping to his heroic breast their cruel lances. Leonidas and 
Thermopylae have been by them sponged from the legendary tablets of Spartan 
epics. Casabianca no longer shouts defiance to the flame wrapped ship, but has 
been pronounced a witless fool. The cherry tree and little hatchet have been 
classed with the improbable stories of ^Esop, preference being given to the fables 
of the black slave. Even our old venerated Christmas friend, Santa Claus, has 
been playing a part under the disguise of pater familias. Sic transit gloria mundi. 

Thus have these pestilent iconoclasts been shattering the favorite images, 
which we have fondly chrished from our youth up, as historical. Nor is their 
office and work of modern origin. They have been busy wreckers for near three 
thousand years. The old poet Homer was declared by Aristotle to be a myth. 

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while Socrates and Plato, after 400 years of Homeric history, cast a shadow of 
doubt upon the story of Achilles, of Hector, of Agamemnon, of the famous siege 
of Troy and the fascinating story of the beautiful Helen of Troy. 

The antiquity of this office seems to afford a license to these modem wreckers, 
and invests them with a sort of sophomorical imitativeness. Your association 
must therefore be, more than usual, optimistic and instigated by a strong faith, 
that the record you are preparing shall survive the criticism and skepticism of 
the future. 

If my information is correct, the object and purpose of your society is to 
collect and preserve of record, events, incidents and interesting items pertaining 
to the early settlement, growth and progress of this county, to prepare an account 
of facts. Your purpose and object is most praiseworthy, for as the poet Spenser 

"How many great ones may remembered be. 
Who in their days most famously did flourish. 
Of whom no word we hear, no sign we see. 

But as things wiped out with a sponge, do perish." 

Praiseworthy to preserve as on a tableted monument, commemorative of the 
toils, privations, sacrifices and perils encountered by the hardy pioneers, who, 
notwithstanding all discouragements, persistently, courageously, hopefully and 
patiently, builded better than they knew, the foundations of our grand old country. 
All honor to their noble work. Be it yours to prevent, "that as things wiped out 
as with a sponge, their deeds and memories do perish." Praiseworthy that from 
the record you preserve, we and others their successors, may not only learn 
something of the early history of this county, but be influenced and inspired 
thereby to emulate these heroic pioneers, in all that may tend to the growth, 
prosperity and achievement of the superstructure builded upon the foundation 
they laid. 

Although requested to do so, having come to Iowa in the spring of 1861, and 
to Winterset at the close of the war, in September, 1865, I shall be unable to 
furnish only more recent incidents, perhaps none worthy of note or that you have 
not already of record. I regret that I did not know of this county sooner, that I 
might have been a pioneer like the patriotic woman President Lincoln told of, 
who wrote him that she was sorry that she did not know the war was coming on, 
as now she had only five sons to give to her country. 

Being a mepaber of the bar, it would be perhaps expected that some reference 
should be made by me to the courts, attorneys and civic government of the 
county. There were three courts when I became a member of the bar in 1865 — 
the District Court having jurisdiction of the criminal cases, of causes involving 
large amounts, and of equity proceedings ; the Circuit Court of the lesser civil 
actions; and the County Court having the control and management of probate 

I was elected county judge for the years 1868 and 1869, and did so well the- 
first year that the Legislature abolished the office from and after January i, 1869. 
They very kindly, however, took care of the deposed county judges, by creating 
the new office auditor, and providing that they should hold the new office for the 
year 1869. 

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I was, therefore, the last county judge and the first auditor of this county. 
The county judge, among other duties, issued marriage licenses, and when re- 
quested, was authorized to perform the marriage ceremony. I recall one instance 
of an aged couple who had lived together for fifteen or twenty years, but had 
been separated by divorce for more than twenty years, had been apparently 
reconciled by mutual friends. They came to my office one day with their friends 
and wished me to issue the license and marry the old couple. I did so, and 
as was my usual custom, shook hands with them, wished them well and said 
I hoped their last days would be their best days. Imagine my surprise and 
indignation/ when the bridegroom shook his grey locks and said, "Well, it's got to 
be a dumed sight different from what it was if it is.*' The old fellow shuffled 
off out of the office, leaving the bride and her friends to settle the license and 
marriage fees. 

" A notable case was tried in the District Court, then being held in the Pres- 
byterian Church Building, located where the electric light plant is now situated. 
This was prior to the erection of our first courthouse. A dose of aconite had 
been mistakably administered, resulting in the death of the patient and a conse- 
quent suit for a large amount in damages against the druggist, who was accused 
of issuing the fatal prescription. During the progress of the examination of 
witnesses and experts, the word aconite was very frequently used. Old Colonel 
Curtis had long officiated as court bailiff and was apparently as necessary to the 
proper conduct of the court as the presiding judge himself. The colonel was a 
faithful servant, but during the slow and tedious prolongation of this aconite 
case, as it was called, he would drop off into the semi-consciousness of a nap. 
Being at one time aroused from one of these somnolent lapses, by the order 
of the jucige to adjourn court, he arose and blinkingly announced, "Hear ye, 
hear ye, the honorable aconite court is now adjourned." 

Our county has always had the reputation of having a talented and well 
equipped bar. During the sessions of the District Court, quite a number of 
attorneys from Indianola, Knoxville and Des Moines were accustomed to attend 
and our bar reciprocated during sessions held in these other counties. A very 
notable and gratifying change for the better is the elimination of all abusive 
language and conduct of opposing council. While our bar has always been com- 
paratively free from such reprehensible conduct, as much cannot truthfully be said 
of some other counties in this district in former days; our judges of late years 
have frowned down all such unseemly and ungentlemanly exhibitions of pugnacity. 
It is a sad reminiscence that not one of the members of the bar of 1865 ^s now 
in the active practice. 

Colonel Cummings, Mott, Ruby and myself are the only living relics, leaving 
the forensic honors and emoluments to the younger members of the profession. 
Some of our business men of that day, in order to escape compulsory jury duty, 
were admitted members of the bar, the only qualification being the willingness 
and ability to furnish an oyster supper to the members. Some of these bivalvular 
lawyers may yet remain "in esse." 

The board of supervisors consisted of one member from each township, 
seventeen in all, having about the same duties as the present board. I recall the 
member from Monroe Township — the tall, dark complexioned, angular Herbert 

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Harris. He was a man of strictest integrity and highly respected by the other 
members. He was a man of few words. When claims or appropriations were 
under investigation his one and only speech, as he extended his long arms, was 
"Guard the treasury, boys, guard the treasury." He would have been a good 
president of the New York Life Insurance Company. 

Old Father McLeod, of Center Township, was the president of the board and 
was very careful to preserve the dignity thereof, and of his official position. It 
was his custom to call the roll of the members, noting absentees and delinquents. 
At one of the morning sessions he called the name o,f John Kirk, the member 
from Scott Township, giving the peculiar Scotch whirr to the R — ^John Kirk. He 
said, "Kirk, John Kirk." He said, "Kirk," a little louder, "John Kirk." "I 
answered twice," said Kirk. "Ha ye didna," said McLeod, "that was na but a 
grunt." Had Kirk said "here," or "present," the dignity of the board would have 
been conserved. 

Our first courthouse was erected during my term of office as auditor and 
the board of supervisors appointed me to superintend the work. I did so from 
the water table to the dome. That part being constructed of wood, a Mr. Lemon, 
a carpenter, looked after that part. During the construction of the main build- 
ing, the contractor complained of a serious defect in the plan which provided 
for an arch over the vault of one of the offices. The plan showed it to be 
elliptical, with a very short spring ; the west end was to rest as a skewback on an 
angle of the main wall, while the east end must rest against a hollow brick wall, 
without other support. The board declined to make any change and the con- 
tractor, under protest, built it as specified. Upon removing the form or support, 
the east end pushed through the wall and the arch crashed down. A half circle 
arch was then substituted. After the building was completed, but before the 
keys had been delivered, a controversy arose between the board and contractor 
about compensation for some extras. The county wanted the use of the house 
but could not get poss.ession of the keys. The contractor had locked every door 
and window and took the keys to his boarding house. The sheriff and others 
went to demand them, were refused and proceeded to hunt for them. The land- 
lady, hoping to conceal the keys, made a fire in a certain stove, which aroused the 
suspicion of the officers. With the assistance of an iron poker the keys were all 
found, although somewhat blackened and marred. 

Some amusing incidents occurring in the early part of the war have been 
related to me, anent the threatened attack in the city and the consequent prepara- 
tions for resisting. Trees were felled across some of the highways, which an 
ordinary plow horse could clear without touching the bark. A barricade across 
one of the roads south of town was constructed of fence rails taken from each 
side in front and rear of the fortification, and would have proven quite formidable 
to cavalry, infantry and artillery, had not the engineers thoughtlessly left gaps 
around the barricade over the smooth open prairie. I do not vouch for these 
incidents and will only suggest that your secretary interview some of the resident 
military of that day for incidents that may be of value to the Iowa National 
Guard at least. 

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The newspapers of Madison County do not make a big showing in point of 
numbers, but in that regard they make up the discrepancy in character and the 
completeness in which they cover the field of their especial endeavor. The county 
was not very old when it attracted to the county seat James Her, who brought 
with him from the "Buckeye'' state a small press, fair type and other para- 
phernalia, with which he set up the first printing office and established the first 
newspaper in this part of the state. 


This paper is credited as one of the strongest weeklies in Southwestern Iowa, 
in point of influence, and it is also one of the oldest. 

In 1856 James Her bought a second press and equipment from the Sandusky 
(Ohio) Register and brought it to Winterset on a wagon. At that time no paper 
had been established between Des Moines and Council Bluffs. The Madisonian 
is therefore one of the oldest newspapers in the state and the very oldest in 
Southwestern Iowa. The history of the paper in its establishment, growth and 
development, runs parallel with the growth and development of the state. Its 
various publishers have invariably been exponents of the persistence, energy and 
ambition of the community, which has so liberally sustained it, and it has more 
than kept pace with the growth and progress of affairs. 

The following persons either in part or whole have owned and published the 
Madisonian since its founding by Mr. Her in 1856: J. J. Davies, Oliver H. Ayers, 
E. H. Talbot, J. M. HoUiday, C. S. Wilson, M. H. Ewing, E. W. Fuller, H. J. B. 
Cummings, S. H. Springer, C. C. Goodale, E. R. Zeller, Henry Wallace, Homer 
Thompson, Albert Strong, Fred Strong, S. D. Alexander and the present owner 
and publisher, Ed M. Smith, who has been associated with the paper since 1899 
and the sole owner and publisher since 1904. The Madisonian has always been 
the official paper of the county and has never been relegated to a second place in 
point of influence and patronage. It has always had a larger subscription list 
than any other in this or adjoining counties, and since 1908 the list has been 
maintained on a cash in advance basis. 

In 1906, the Madisonian took up its quarters in a neat and substantial new 
home, just a half century after its establishment. The structure is practically 
three stories in height, when the high basement is considered. It is faced with 
buff pressed brick and on the facade is inscribed in raised letters "The Madi- 
sonian." The cost was $8,000 and the new home of this pioneer newspaper 
ranks among the best and most modem in the state. The plant itself is an 
excellent one. A late improved press in the basement turns out neatly printed 


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Founder of the Madisonian, 1856. First called the **Iowa 
Pilot." Mr. Her died December 10, 1905 

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Madisonians rapidly; in the shipping room close by the papers are soon wrapped 
and ready for distribution by carrier and the mails. The types for the paper 
are cast and placed in line by the improved Mergenthaler linotype, installed early 
in the year of 191 5. 

The second floor is devoted to the counting rooms, editorial rooms and com- 
posing rooms, while the third story is given over to offices. 


The Winterset Reporter was founded by Wood & Gill in 1885 and first pub- 
lished in St. Charles as the St. Charles Reporter. There it remained ten years, 
when it was moved to Winterset. The first issue as the Winterset Reporter made 
its appearance April 11, 1895. In March, 1896, Mr. Wood purchased the in- 
terest of Mr. Gill, but within a few days sold a one-half interest to W. F. Payton, 
who was known as the business manager. This arrangement continued until 
April 21, 1898, when Ray M. Price became the owner of Payton*s interest and 
business manager as well. 

During September of the same year another change in ownership took place, 
S. D. Alexander purchasing the interest of A. L. Wood, who had been appointed 
postmaster of Winterset. Alexander & Price continued the publication of the 
paper until May 11, 1899, when Mr. Price became the sole owner. 

January i, 1903, Mr. Price changed the form of the paper from a six- 
column quarto to sixteen pages, four columns to the page, which form was con- 
tinued but three months when the old quarto form was readopted by his suc- 

Mr. Price died March 23, 1903, and the present owner, J. W. Miller, bought 
the paper of his estate, taking possession April i, 1903. Mr. Miller assumed the 
duties of publisher and editor as an experienced newspaper man, having been one 
of the editors of the Madisonian from 1876 to 1887. 

The Winterset Reporter has always been a stanch and consistent republican 
newspaper. Each one of its several editors were thoroughly grounded in the 
republican faith and they have battled fearlessly for the principles of re- 
publicanism and the enhancement of the party's interests. Its straightforward 
and consistent course throughout its career has, no doubt, had much to do with 
its success, which has been marked. 


The Winterset News was established in 1872, when Jacob Morgan, who had 
been foreman of the Winterset Madisonian, bought the plant of the Winterset 
Sun, a semi-weekly republican paper, from Wilson & Newlon, and changed its 
name and politics. The first issue of the Sun was September 26, 1868, the 
publishers being Wilson & Holaday. Wilson afterwards went to Des Moines 
and was city editor of the Register for years. J. M. Holaday, familiarly known 
as "Milt," was a printer and belonged to a prominent family. The Sun was a 
five-column folio. Holaday sold his interest in the paper to A. J. Hoisington the 
following year and the latter in turn sold to William Newlon. The paper did 

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not pay and the plant was sold to Morgan, who issued the first News in the 
rear upper room of the Jones block, opposite the present building of the News. 
Morgan conducted the paper several years, and after selling out he was con- 
nected with the Council Bluffs Nonpareil, published the Kearney (Nebraska) 
E>emocrat, and was postmaster of that city during Qeveland*s first term. In 
1876 he sold the plant to Maj. D. D. Palmer, of Iowa City, who published the 
paper until shortly before his death, having in the meantime sold the paper, 
March 15, 1888, to Arthur Goshom, who had sold his own paper in Pierce, 
Nebraska, to obtain it. Major Palmer changed the News from an eight-column 
folio to a six-column quarto a year or two prior to his death. The News has 
always been one of the strongest papers in Southern Iowa. In spite of the fact 
that 90 per cent of the business men of Winterset have been of opposite political 
faith since the Civil war, the News has enjoyed their good will and always has 
been well patronized. 


There have been several papers published since the first newspaper was started 
by M. I. Bean in 1884. 

The St. Charles Watchman was the first paper published by M. I. Bean in 
1884. After two or three years the paper was purchased by A. L. Wood and 
the name changed to the St. Charles Reporter. About the year 1893 or there- 
abouts Mr. Wood moved the outfit to Winterset and changed the name to the 
Winterset Reporter, and this made the second republican paper in the county 

Mr. P. S. Wise then started the St. Charles Hawkeye, operating it five or six 
years with success. He then sold it to D. F. Peffley — then the next owner was 
Al P. Haas, followed by W. O. Hodgson, Fred Bolte, Otto Engstrom, Mrs. 
Wilton, Mr. Eldridge, Cope & Long, J. U. Gitzy, and finally Joe Long of Osceola, 
who sold the outfit to Mr. Eldridge and moved it away. This was in 1907. In 
February, 1909, Mr. P. S. Wise started the St. Charles News and is running a 
bright little country newspaper. 


The Earlham Echo, a weekly newspaper, was established in 1890 and for 
many years it was edited and published by A. L. Rowen. Some four or five 
years ago Paul R. Stillman took charge and is now in full control. Mr. Stillman is 
quite a young man, but promises to develop the newspaper instinct and "nose for 
news" so prominently manifest and known to be characteristic in other Stillmans 
of the state, one of whom was an able editorial writer on the old Des Moines 
Register and later, about the breaking out of the Civil war, founded the Sioux 
City Journal. The son of this pioneer editor is Paul Stillman, editor the Jefferson 
Bee, and late speaker of the Iowa House of Representatives. 

Truro has had two papers, the Graphic and the Star. Neither, however, was 
published there, nor is one of them left. A paper, taking the title of the Macks- 
burg Record, is edited by Mrs. Schell. It is a five-column quarto and- is printed 
at Lorimer. 

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Frank Foster James Her John C. Foster Mary Iler-Newton 

First ** Devir ' First editor First solicitor First compositor 

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When the first settlers came to Madison County (1846) there were no rail- 
roads west of the Mississippi River, and probably none west of Chicago. The 
mail at that time was carried by steamboats, stages and on horseback. Until the 
first postoffice was established at Montpelier (1848) the people had to go to Fort 
Des Moines after their mail and the necessities of life. 

After the postoffice was moved to Winterset (1849) this became the post- 
office and trading point for nearly all the people of Madison County. Soon post- 
offices were established in other parts of the county along stage routes or roads 
leading to other towns. Winterset became the starting point for these post- 
offices. Nearly all the early postoffices have been discontinued and forgotten. 
With the advent of rural free delivery all the country postoffices have been aban- 
doned. The postoffices now in Madison County are along the line of a railroad. 

Winterset. — The first postoffice established in Madison County was called 
Montpelier. Alfred D. Jones came up from Des Moines in June, 1848, and built 
a log store east of Tileville, on the ridge in section 26, Union Township, then 
called the "Narrows," and secured a postoffice. Mail was brought from Des 
Moines on horseback. Later it was brought by stage until the railroad was 
built. Samuel Snyder and his brother Alfred carried the mail. They lived at 
Norwalk. They would go to Des Moines one day, and then to Montpelier and 
back to Norwalk the next; thus they woujd have mail every other day. Later 
the office was moved to Winterset and Mr. Snyder and his brothers continued 
to carry mail until 1852. 

In 1849 the name of the office was changed to Independence and Enos Berger 
became postmaster. In September of the same year the name was again changed 
to Montpelier. May 30, 1850, the office was changed to Winterset and Enos 
Berger came along with the mail. The officials since then are as follows : John 
A. Pitzer, D. C. McNeil, Thomas C. Bird, William M. Knowlton, M. Glaze- 
brook, J. J. Davies, E. O. Burt, F. M. Cassidy, D. E. Cooper, Thomas J. Hudson, 
William R. Shriver, T. J. Hudson, A. L. Wood, J. W. Miller, Ed M. Smith, 
W. H. Vance and Arthur E. Goshom. Of the postmasters, let it be noted that 
the term of office was the shortest for E. O. Burt, who held the place less than 
one month, while that of his successor, F. M. Cassidy, was the longest, extending 
for a period of nearly fifteen years. It may also not be improper to say that 
with a few exceptions these have been representative men and as a general thing 
changes have been the result of changes in the national administration rather 
than from any fault in the management of the office. Should some one write 
a true and detailed account of the exciting contests about the postmasterships of 


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Winterset, he would have to deal with some of the most exciting incidents of our 
city's history. What has been said of Winterset does not apply with equal 
force in the case of the other postoffices, although there have been exciting 
contests at Earlham, St. Charles, Truro, Peru, Patterson and Macksburg, 
but these rural offices were not much sought after, as the compensation was 
not sufficient to recompense the official for the labor, worry and responsibility 
incident to the office. In many cases, some public-spirited individual assumed 
these duties and responsibilities simply to accommodate his neighbors. 

Earlham became a postoffice January 12, 1869, ^i^d Martin Cook was first 
postmaster. He was followed by John R. Thomson, Dayton Bamett, D. M. 
Roberts, John B. Davis, A. J. Davis, Isaac K. Wilson, M. E. Wilson, John E. 
Chamness and E. M. Crosswait and W. H. Dudley. 

St. Charles. — This office was established December 13, 1853, with David 
Downs as postmaster. Those succeeding him were as follows: Milton Thomp- 
son, William McCreery, L. f. Thompson, J. H. Stiffler, William L. Browne, 
J. L. Browne, S. S. Switzer, A. L. Wood, S. S. Switzer, J. L. Fleming, O. M. 
Horton and Philip D. Switzer. 

Peru. — For many years this was one of the important points on the Winterset 
and Osceola route. The office was established April 18, 1853, and was discon- 
tinued August 21, 1903. This is the long and honorable list of worthy postmas- 
ters: B. F. Brown, Peter R. Lilley, B. F. Brown, J. P. Boyd, H. C. Wright, 
William C. Smith, C. D. Clark, J. W. Likens, B. R. Rankin, M. C. Lorimor, Mary 
E. Travis, J. W. Keller, R. F. Bush, William L. Hiatt and A. C. Turner. 

East Peru was established November 7, 1888. The following have been post- 
masters ; Charles W. Wright, William Painter, J. M. Allen, Jr., Joseph Harwood, 
Robert Greene, Ullrich Z. Waechter, A. C. Creger, F. H. Greene and S. B. 

Patterson. — This office was established June 10, 1872, with Sol. B. Catterlin 
as postmaster. His successors in order named w^re L. C. Doan, Butler Bird, 
W. A. Wright, George R. Branscom, Douglas Debord, George A. Wall, Harvey 
Brown, Douglas Debord, Thomas S. Love, W. H. Doan, George A. Potter and Roy 

Bevington*was established June 4, 1872. The following have been the officials : 
Cornelius Haight, R. A. Wilson, Campbell Hughart, William T. Cason, Campbell 
Hughart, George W. Shreeves, William W. Eraser, J. T. Cash, H. D. Harrell, 
Robert Clelland, Harry D. Harrell, William Cody and Merton C. Doak. 

Amazon was the name of a postoffice established July 16, 1850, and discon- 
tinued the following year. It was located on the southwest quarter of the south- 
east quarter of section 12, Scott Township, a short distance south and west of 
Union Chapel and cemetery. Emanuel J. Henkel was the postmaster. He was 
a physician and laid out a town there called Richmond. There was at one time 
a store there, kept by some one whose name we cannot learn. The mail was 
brought from Winterset. 

Banner was the name of a postoffice established in June, 1874, and discon- 
tinued the following year. It was located at the northwest corner of the north- 
west quarter of the southwest quarter of section 7, in Virginia Township, 
Warren County, but was thought to be in Madison County. Mail was brought 

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from Bevington via St. Charles, Banner, New Virginia to Osceola. John S. 
Crawford was the first and only postmaster. 

Barney. — This postoffice was established in November, 1888. The following 
have been postmasters: J. W. Galbraith, Richard Beardsley, B. R. Rankin, 
Charles Klein, J. H. Woods, Richard Beardsley, Sophia Beardsley and Milton 

Bell's Ridge was located on the northwest quarter of the northwest quarter 
of section i, South Township, land now owned by C. E. Huglin. It was estab- 
lished October 31, 1851, and discontinued November 27, 1854. Henry A. Bell 
was the postmaster. It was learned from a letter that A. D. Bell was the mail 
carrier, that he was sworn in by Judge Pitzer and the mail was brought every 
Thursday from Winterset. 

Bloomingdale was established in September, 1857. I^ ^^s located on the 
northwest quarter of the southeast quarter of section 35, Jefferson Township, 
land now owned by William Schoen estate. The office was discontinued in De- 
cember, 1858. Henry du d'Huy was the first postmaster and was succeeded by 
John McManus in 1858. 

Brooklyn was a town laid out by J. W. Guiberson and located on the southwest 
quarter of the southeast quarter of section 14, Walnut Township, land now owned 
by L. F. Cliftpn. A postoffice was established there in February, 1857, and dis- 
continued in June, i860. The following were the postmasters: William S. 
Quick, William Mills, J. W. Guiberson and D. D. I>rake. 

Charlottesville was the name of a postoffice located on the northeast quarter 
of the southeast quarter of section 24, Jackson Township, land now owned by 
S. D. Ford. It is said the name was selected in honor of Charlotte Welch, wife 
of A. G. Welch, the first postmaster. This office was discontinued in October, 
1861. The office was supplied from a mail route leading from Winterset through 
Redfield and Panora. 

Clanton. — This office was established in February, 1859, and discontinued in 
March, 1894. It was located in Monroe Township, and at the homes of various 
farmers living near the center of that township. The first official was Blewford 
Boling. Then came Wesley Wilson, William H. West, L. C. McKibbon, William 
H. West again and then in 1876 Hugh Alexander, who handed out mail at his 
hospitable home until 1892, when he was followed by M. R. Sheldon and Elbert 
Bullock, who was postmaster when the office was discontinued. 

Ellsworth was established August 3, 1861, and discontinued August 19, 1873. 
It was located on the northeast quarter of the southwest quarter of section 21, 
Crawford Township, land now owned by C. S. Crawford. Oliver Crawford 
was the first postmaster and the mail was supplied by a route leading from Des 
Moines to Winterset. Lucinda Crawford was postmistress and then came James 

Foster postoffice was established November 7, 1879, located first at the home 
of Nathaniel Foster, Walnut Township, and then at the home of George H. Orr, 
in Scott Township. The office was discontinued October 30, 1882. Mail from 
Winterset, Foster, Gear to Murray. 

Gear. — This office was named in honor of Gov. John H. Gear, and was estab- 
lished November 18, 1879. It was located first at the home of John Reasoner 
and then at the home of William N. Bowman, both in Monroe Township. It 

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was on the mail route from Winterset to Murray. Later mail was brought from 
Barney. It was discontinued September 12, 1903. 

Gilpin was located at the northwest comer of the southwest quarter of the 
southwest quarter of section i, Union Township, on land now owned by Nick 
Nolan. The office was established November 9, 1885, and discontinued January 
9, 1888. H. L. Bigelow was the first and only postmaster. 

Hanley postoffice was established December 6, 1889. The following have been 
postmasters: J. G. Martin, S. S. Nicoson, Lydia Schoonover, A. H. Bishop, 
William T. Lee, S. S. Niooson, F. M. James, Jesse Lee, R. Hv Glasgow, P. F. 
James, Laura E. Glasgow, W. C. Montgomery and Jennie I. Howard. The 
office was discontinued May i, 191 1. 

Harrison office was established April 27, 1900, and discontinued with the 
coming of rural free delivery, June 15, 1905. It was located near the center of 
Webster Township. J. B. Wilkinson, John F. Craven and George I. Rippey were 
the postmasters. 

Heaton was named in honor of "Uncle Billy** Heaton, one of the early settlers 
of Lee Township. It was established August 6, 1858, and discontinued February 
14, 1861. It was located on the northeast quarter of the northeast quarter of 
section 33, Lee Township, land now owned by Julia Mulvihill. The first and 
only postmaster was Francis B. Wilson. 

Kasson was named in honor of J. A. Kasson, for several terms member of 
Congress from this district. It was located in the southwest comer of Monroe 
Township. The office was established September 4, 1861, and discontinued June 
30, 1905, by reason of the rural free delivery. The following were the postmas- 
ters: Benjamin Blythe, C. L. Kirk, J. V. Kirk, Lemuel Bishop, William I. Harris, 
William E. Berry, C. C. Bancroft, C. H. Lewis, William Bivin, J. M. Newton and 
J. M. Archer. 

Lefever is located on the southwest quarter of section 31, Grand River Town- 
ship, on land owned by J. M. Lefever, south of the large stock farm owned by 
the late L. N. Conway. The office was established April 14, 1892, and was dis- 
continued October 3, 1894. Mary E. Lefever was the postmistress. 

McBride office was established May 16, 1889, and was discontinued May 23, 
1901. It was located on the northwest quarter of the northeast quarter of section 
34, Jefferson Township, on land owned by August Burger. The following were ' 
the officials: Ellen Burger, D. A. Litton, Grant Taylor and George M. Powell. 
The mail was brought from Van Meter. 

McPherson. — This office was launched under the supervision of Charles 
Polk, in June, 1876. The office remained at that hospitable home for about 
one year, when it was removed across the road to the residence of E. B. Thom- 
son, where it remained until it was discontinued April 21, 1900. It was on the 
direct road from Winterset to Macksburg and was supplied by the daily route 
which has for so many years been operated between these two cities. It is sup- 
posed the office got its name from the popular and well remembered pioneer 
lawyer of Winterset, M. L. McPherson. 

Maple Grove. — This office was located at the home of E. G. Perkins, in Jack- 
son Township, in June, 1874, where it remained until October, 1889, when it 
was removed to the residence of Mr. Grosscup across the road. It was dis- 
continued in 1903. Mr. Perkins and Miss Janie Grosscup were the only officials. 

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Middle River postoffice was located at the town of Webster, December 12, 
1855. Otho Davis was the first postmaster and his successors are as follows: 
F. M. McAferty, J. V. Nelson, J. E. Shidler, Luther Fox, F. B. McAferty, F. M. 
Tidrick, Rufus Ulery, Edward Loucks, L. J. Cook and John Craven. The office 
has been discontinued. 

North. — This office was located in the vicinity of Worthington, in the south 
part of Madison Township. It was established June 19, 1861. Alexander Kirk- 
land, William H. Clampitt, George T. Nichols and A. M. Clements were post- 
masters: Mail was carried from Winterset. The office was discontinued August 
4, 1869, soon after Earlham postoffice was established. 

North Branch was located on the southwest quarter of the southwest quarter 
of section 26, Madison Township, on land now owned by J. L. Peters and S. D. 
Palmer. The office was established November 16, 1853, and discontinued Oc- 
tober 18, i860. The first and only postmaster was Jacob Bennett. 

North River, southwest quarter northwest quarter of section 5, Jackson 
Township, was established April i, 1872, with George Rose as postmaster. The 
office was discontinued January 3, 1876. 

Ohio. — This office was located near the east line of Walnut Township, in 
the vicinity of Ebenezer church and cemetery. It was established February 10, 
1862, and discontinued in 1889. The office was for many years in the store 
carried on at that place and S. M. Walker and J. W. Smith presided over its 
destinies for nearly twenty years. Fred Beeler became postmaster in 188 1 and 
was the official at the time the office was discontinued, Chas. W. Wright having 
served from August, 1884, till April, 1888. The mail was carried along the 
well known and much traveled road leading from Winterset to Osceola. 

Ord was made a postoffice in 1888 and went out of commission June 15, 1905. 
It was located in the Macumber neighborhood on the Winterset and Macksburg 
road. C. G. Bertholf, A. M. Bertholf, E. M. Rippey, Henrietta Rippey, A. M. 
Bertholf and J. W. Rippey in the order named sold stamps and handed out letters 
at this Government station. ^ 

Pitzer was named in honor of J. A. Pitzer, one of Winterset's pioneers. The 
office was established July 13, 1889. Mary Speer was the first official and was 
followed by J. L. Fox, R. C. Speer, H. B. Jones, C. Van Stigt and E. E. Brooker. 
The office was discontinued September 29, 1906. 

Pleasant View was located in Webster Township, in March, 1870, and dis- 
continued in 1876. The location was the homes of O. H. Smith and David Rich- 
mond, who were the postmasters. The following is gathered from a letter written 
by O. H. Smith: "I live in the same place that I did when I was postmaster 
and the mail was carried from Winterset to Cromwell, and a Mr. Hawley was a 
carrier. Delos Campbell and Merid Craven were also carriers." 

Price was for a short time a postoffice. It was located at the northwest 
comer of the southwest quarter of the northwest quarter of section 34, Lincoln 
Township. It was located where B. L. Thrift now lives. It was on the Win- 
terset and Creston road via Macksburg, also the Winterset and Afton road; 
the former was daily and the latter tri-weekly. The office was established June 
8th and discontinued in November of the same year, 1876. L. C. McKibben was 
the postmaster. 

Queen's Point was an office established May 16, 1854, at the residence of 

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Hogan Queen, in South Township, on the road leading from Winterset to St. 
Charles. It was discontinued in 1855, reestablished in 1856 and again discon- 
tinued in 1867. Hogan Queen was the postmaster all the time. 

Reed. — This office was located in 1881 at the southeast comer of the north- 
east quarter of the northeast quarter of section 21, Ohio Township. That was 
on the farm now owned by Isaac Holmes, who was the first postmaster. In 1882 
it was moved to the new town of Ego. In 1884 the name of the new town was 
changed to Truro, and the name of the office was also changed. After Isaac 
Holmes, G. N. Skinner became postmaster; then Holmes served again and 
was followed by George Patton, J. D. Hillman, Ella Earl, J. W. Smith, George 
W. Caskey, J. A. Bardrick and Isaac E. Holmes, nephew of the first postmaster. 
Homer D. Brown and Brada Brown 

Venus. — In 1863 there was a postoffice established with this classic name. 
It was situated near the center of Grand River Township and A. J. Hasty was 
the dignified and genial autocrat who first presided over its destinies. He was 
followed in the order named by John D. Craven, Sylvester Bennett, Wm. O. Lee, 
John H. Bray, John D. Craven, E. E. Stewart, Martin Jessup, George W. Lowry 
and Peter H. Seay, when it was discontinued October 4, 1870. It was reestab- 
lished in 1 87 1, with Mary A. Miller as postmistress. Then John D. Craven re- 
appeared and was followed by J. H. Marley and J. H. Mack, when the town of 
Macksburg was laid out and the name of the postoffice was changed to conform 
with it. Since then the postmasters have been Madison Osbom, B. F. Conway, 
J. M. Lee, D. A. Sawyer, J. D. Love, B. S. Bonham, William H. Armstrong, 
H. H. Saxton, L. C. McKibben and Ethel M. Busch. 

Wells. — On the northwest quarter of the northeast quarter of section 6, 
Grand River Township, there lived for many years one Ira W. Brownell. At 
that place was established a postoffice, October 19, 1871, and named Wells. The 
office was discontinued in 1896. During the life of the postoffice. Wells, Mr. 
Brownell held an uninterrupted term of office, a period of nearly twenty-five 
years, which speaks well for the patience, politeness and integrity of that much 
respected Government official. 

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By A. J. Hoisington 

The marriage records of Madison County begin with a book now marked 
"B." The first entry is No. 105 of date July 4, 1855, when license to marry 
was issued to George Harman and Anna Smares. But following this license 
are a few that evidently are duplicates of those issued previous to the beginning 
of this record. The one reaching farthest back in point of time is that of Jonas 
Shreves and Elizabeth Longabaugh, whose license to wed was of date June 28, 
1854, and they were married July 9, 1854, by Justice of the Peace W. H. Comp- 
ton, who made return thereof July 14, 1854. Six licenses are duplicated in this 
book from a previous record. 

What became of the previous records we may never know. Anyhow we 
do not learn that there is in existence any record preceding this book **B" of 
marriage records. The loss is accounted for differently but generally credited to 
have occurred at the time the courthouse was burned in 1875. 

However, there is what purports to be a reversible alphabetical index of 
marriage records wherein is given the names of persons married, the number of 
the license, the book in which recorded and the page number of the record. This 
list begins with No. i and includes all those numbers to and including 104 and 
states they were recorded in "Book A.'' This index also includes marriages 
recorded in "Book B," which is in existence. It is all of "Book A'' that is missing. 

This alphabetical index of marriages marked as recorded in "Book A," of 
which we assume there were 104, because in marriage register marked "B,'' the 
first number is given as 105, contains at least three omissions, providing no errors 
in giving the serial number were made by those who entered the record in "Book 
A." The numbers 4, 59 and 62 are missing. However, the copyist who made 
this alphabetical index was grossly careless in doing the work, as it is plain to 
one who checks it over. Therefore, it may be that three marriages are omitted 
in this index, or else there were but loi instead of 104. 

Besides these three numbers in doubt there are at least six duplicates in 
"Book B'' from "Book A," as before described. Thus the serial number of 
marriage licenses in the first series appears to be long of the true number. This 
purported index to "Book A'* may contain still other omissions. Among those 
married not found in this index, it was learned from Samuel Fife, of St. Charles, 
that he attended the wedding of a Mr. Simmons and a Miss Marshall in February, 
1854, in St. Charles, at the home of Milton R. Thompson, the bride being a sister 
of Mrs. Thompson, and the ceremony being performed by Justice of the Peace 
I>avid Fife. 

Before the organization of this county it was attached to Marion County 


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for various purposes. As there was then no official machinery for issuing mar- 
riage licenses in this county until its permanent organization, January i, 1849, 
it would be interesting to know who were married in this county under licenses 
issued in Marion. Existing records in this county give no clue. There is said 
to have been one, probably more. Who knows ? 

As before stated, there is no marriage register before No. 105, of date July 
4» 1855, except the few duplicated marriage records in "Book B" referred to. 
Since the early marriages in any newly settled country always remain a matter 
of interest to succeeding generations, and because the record is given we give 
the following as found in the index of the missing "Book A.'* In a few cases 
we have secured marriage dates and those are added. The list is here given in 
the order found in the index: E>avid S. Smith to Jane Cason, April 19, 1849; 
Mesheck Casteel to Sarah Evans, August 13, 1849; Lewis Baum to Barbara Jane 
Wolverton; No. 4, missing; George W. Guye to Lorena Harris, September 2, 
1849; Samuel W. Poffinbarger to Hannah Smith; David Fleener to Mary M. 
Wilkinson; Charles Wright to Rachel Waymire; Charles Clanton to Mary C. 
Allcock; William Butler to Anna Evans; James Phipps to Minerva Viney; 
Elijah Perkins to Julia Ann Ansley, February — , 1850; Thomas Wilkinson to 
Nancy Jane Erinson; H. James Perkins to Elizabeth Moody; James W. Guye 
to Irena Smith; Joseph Randall to Rebecca Ann Henry; James M. Lee to Elenor 
Cason; William R. King to Esther Jane Jessup; George W. Richardson to Edna 
Burgess; John J. Cason to Mary Ann Brinson; William A. Williams to Susan 
Clair; Hiram J. Barns to Harriet Elizabeth Gentry, December — , 1850; David 
Fife to Mary Jane Smith; Amos Fife to Lucy Ann Smith, March 15, 1851, by 
Rev. Thomas Cason; Frederick Waymire to Mary Wright; Jonathan W. Rob- 
bins to Frances Sheppard ; Andrew G. Week to Mary Jane Adamson ; Henry Sim- 
mons to Nancy Ann Pender ; Elisha B. Bell to Abigail Watson ; Milton Smith to 
Permelia Johns; John Esley to Catharine Johns; Thomas Brown to Elizabeth 
Moore; Erastus S. Jones to Mary E. Guiberson; Luther W. Boxley to Phoebe 
Queen ; Elias Burgess to Hester Ann Bishop ; Thomas Casteel to Mary J. Bow- 
man; Jesse Bell to Hulda Adamson; Martin Wheeler to Mary Blair; Thomas 
Hooten to Lucinda Casebier; Jesse Reeves to Elizabeth Barlow; Alfred Queen 
to Susan Ann Hinkle; Samuel Snyder to Julia Blair, February 17, 1852, by 
County Judge John A. Pitzer; Lemuel Dorrell to Ursula Stephenson; David 
Brinson to Sarah Evans j Lorenzo Harmon to Frankly Ann Evans ; Benjamin F. 
Miller to Elizabeth Peter; Sherwood Howerton to Ann Fry; David J. Casebier 
to Martha Chiles; Dickson Webster to Susan J. Perry; Charles Clark to Minerva 
Farris; F. William L. Schoen to Dorothea Lorenzen, July 6, 1852, by Justice N. 
W. Guiberson; Charles Chinn to Jane Matheny; Sanford Haines to Bashabeth 
Foster ; William Stean to Susanna Bertholf ; Andrew Johns to Mary Ann Smith ; 
William Ballen to Margaret S. Allcock, January 9, 1853; Martin B. Ruby to 
Mary F. Myers ; Samuel Clevenger to Temperance White ; No. 59 missing ; Daniel 
Miller to Lucy Jane Campbell ; William Garrett to Tabitha Evans ; No. 62 missing; 
C. D. Bevington to Philena Parker; William H. Shaikler to Ruth Pitts; Alex- 
ander Blair to Martha Terry, his second wife; Levi Smith to Margaret Ann 
Cochran; Jacob Watson to Sarah Ann David; Alfred Brittain to Eliza Sturman, 
March 8, 1853, by Rev. John Evans; Dexter Howard to Elizabeth Moore; 
Andrew J. Hogg to Rebecca Humphry ; James M. Watson to Ann Marshall ; Wil- 

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Ham Johns to Catharine Longabaugh; James Hinkle to Mary Farson; William 
Steele to Mary Leveridge; L. M. Tidrick to Martha Bell; Jacob Fry to Martha 
Ruby; Horace Howard to Elizabeth Hoggart; Daniel Bowman to Elizabeth 
Folwell ; William Pursell to Jane Sturman ; Joseph Addison to Eliza Ann Brin- 
son ; Lewis McGinnis to Winnie Bishop ; Zachariah G. Peter to Amy O. Blakely ; 
Alfred B. Fox to Elizabeth Ann Herron; Joseph L. Thompson to Irena Mc- 
Daniel; Robert Allen to Martha Wright ;. George Hornback to Eliza Jane Goe; 
William Paul to Eliza Ballard; Leander McCarty to Mary Jane Gaff; Craig 
Games to Sarah Jane Murphy ; John Snyder to Jane Rate ; M. A. Carmichael to 
Martha Gordon ; Martin D. Swafford to Sarah Ann Sulgrove ; James Adkins to 
I>elphi Colier; Jonas Shreeves to Elizabeth Longabaugh, July 9, 1854; James 
N. Gentry to Mary Snyder; James Brinson to Sarah Ann Gardner; George W. 
Mitchell to Nancy Jane Hornback, January i. 1855; Jacob Shellhart to Emeline 
Cracraft, December 23, 1854; Alexander M. Bertholf to Lucinda A. Niles, Au- 
gust 27, 1854; Oliver H. Perry to Mertila McCarty, October 26, 1854; George 
M. Wilson to Mary Ann Doud; George M. VanGundy to Melissa Sulgrove; 
Henry Augustine to Frances M. Wilson, January 22, 1855; Andrew Miller to 
Lousina J. Showver. 

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By A. J. Hoisington 

Title to land in Madison County could not be obtained until January 21, 1850, 
at which time the Government domain in the north half of the county was opened 
for entry. But the title to school lands was secured as soon as the county was 
sectionized in 1849. As settlements began in May, 1846 (not counting Hiram 
Hurst), there was a period of three years and eight months of occupancy when 
the only rights to real estate were obtained by priority of settlement and con- 
tinuous residence. Lands thus selected were called "claims." Elsewhere is 
described the manner of taking these '^claims." 

During the first two and a half years of the settlement of the county no 
serious disagreements arose concerning claim rights; but as settlers continued 
to arrive in increasing numbers and the choicest lands, in the public estimation, 
were mostly occupied during the winter of 1848-9. a "Claim Club" was organized, 
notwithstanding that up to .this time there had been no professional "claim 
jumpers," nor other intruders upon the claim rights of settlers. Madison County 
was singularly free of molestation by land speculators, as regards any invasion 
of the rights of those already settled upon the land. This immunity from in- 
trusion was because the force of "claim jumpers" had been spent in the counties 
eastward, in counties along the Des Moines River. In those localities and in 
counties still farther east "claim clubs" were in existence and doing very active 
business, often dealing justly and frequently committing wrong. 

While there was no apparent good reason for the organization of a "claim 
club" in this county, the formation of one was urged by those active spirits who 
delight in "stirring up things," and by others, who feared that as the time 
approached when the lands would "come into market" there might be trouble 
made by people not yet in sight. Half a dozen persons who, in a small and 
modest manner, were doing something in a legitimate way, at trading in claims 
to "accommodate new settlers," jumped aboard the proposition to organize and 
by the end of the winter the "Madison County Claim Club" became the first 
county wide organization. 

Charles Wright, who lived on Middle River, southwest of (now) Winterset, 
was elected captain of the club. He was chosen mainly because he had been a 
soldier in the then late war with Mexico and partly because he was active in 
promoting the organization. Besides, he was doing some business in handling 
claims for others, and it presumably might work in nicely in some emergency 
of interest and help his affairs to be at the head of this "claim law" enforcing 
machinery. William Sturman, who was living on the northeast part of section 
9, in (now) Union Township, became secretary. He also had material interest 


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in the enforcement of the "claim law/' since he had brought a considerable 
sum of cash, for those days, to the county, and was ready to enter lands, amount- 
ing to more than a ''claim,*' when they "came into market." Naturally, he wanted 
to protect all his claims. 

While all those who traded at all in claims, or were trying to "cover up" 
more than one claim, were active in the organization, yet the membership was 
nearly all of an unselfish character, wholly devoted to the maintenance of "law 
and good order," and desirous to protect each settler in his just rights of claim. 
The following obligation was signed by each member : 

"Pledge of the Madison County, Iowa, Qaim Club: 

"Whereas, Self-protection, the acquiring and peaceable possession of property, 
are essential to the happiness and prosperity of the people ; and 

"Whereas, Reckless claim jumpers and invidious wolves in human form are 
prowling through the county for the purpose of robbing the settler of his claim 
and of the means of support ; therefore, be it 

"Resolved: First, that we pledge ourselves to protect every member of this 
club in his rights of claim, or against the preemption of adverse parties, without 
fear of the world, the flesh or the devil. 

"Second : — That no person shall be allowed to preempt, or to purchase from 
the Government, any claim of a member of the club without the unequivocal 
consent of the member. 

"Third : — That the filing of any intention to preempt, in contravention of the 
right of any member hereof, shall be regarded as an attempt to deprive one 
member of his rights under the eternal fitness of things, and we pledge ourselves 
one to another to meet the offender on the home stretch with logic of life or 

"Fourth :-^That a committee of three be raised whose duty shall be to hear 
and adjust any disputes, evasions or disagreements that may arise with members 
of this club, or any case where claims of members are in dispute with outside 
adverse claimants of every character whatever. 

"Fifth : — That we pledge ourselves to sustain and uphold our committee and 
appointees in the performance of their several duties and to enforce their de- 
cisions and adjudications to the very letter, with force and arms if necessary. 

"Sixth : — ^That a cordial invitation is hereby extended to every citizen of the 
county to sign these articles of by-laws and assist in their faithful execution and 

Printed copies of this pledge, obtained from counties eastward where like 
organizations existed, were used here but the original list of subscribing members 
was lost within a few years. In fact one never heard a member volunteer the 
statement, as if with a sense of pride, that he was a member, nor yet when one 
was asked concerning his membership would he deny it. Within ten years the 
resident membership remaining in the county seemed to feel no sort of pride in 
the memory of the club. "Uncle Billy" Sturman, who had been its secretary, 
used to freely tell about events of those days and one time explained this lack 
of pride by saying, "It never did but one thing — turn tail to a red flag." This 
explanation refers to the "Battle of Union Township," hereafter related. On 
the other hand, those not members, when asked whether or not they were mem- 
bers of the club, would promptly, almost savagely, reply "No, sir." The reason 

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for this acidity of reply was that at the time of the organization and for a while 
after great effort was made to have all claim holders join it and those who held 
out in refusal were made to understand they were considered a sort of outlaws, 
enemies to the public welfare and unwilling to aid in the common protection of 
their neighbors. 

Over forty years ago the late Andrew J. Hoisington, writer of this article, 
made some effort toward securing a list of the men who had been members of 
the club and those who were not, but the ones interviewed on both sides seemed 
averse to aid him and he gave it up. Because the list gathered is so incomplete 
he concluded not to give any names. The life of the club was of short duration — 
less than three years. It slowly fainted away in 1850 and no one observed when 
its pulse ceased to throb. 

It is estimated that about three-fourths of the claim holders 4n the county 
were either nominally or actively members of the club and tjie one-fourth not 
belonging were all radical in their opposition. Thus, in effective force, the parties 
were approximately even. For this reason the politicians did not seek to use 
the influence of the organization. It was a poker, hot at both ends. Besides, 
the pro and anti-club memberships were a mixture of whigs and democrats. 
The whigs in the county were in a hopeless minority and had no interest in 
making the club a political issue ; the democrats could not afford to take chances. 
Both club and anti-club sides contained a majority who were democrats. How- 
ever, nearly every office holder during those years belonged to the club. 

The club held meetings only when especially called together to consider a 
complaint and this was seldom. In the absence of public buildings such meetings 
were held at the cabins of members within two or three miles of Winterset, 
usually in the daytime. Little or no secrecy was observed. 


By A. J. Hoisington 

In the above paragraphs are related the details relative to the organization and 
character of the '*Madison County Qaim Club.'' The only important event in its 
history occurred in early May, 1850, and took place in the west part of Union 
Township. The following account is in substantial agreement with statements 
made in later years by persons engaged on either side. 

George W. Guye staked out and located a claim on May 4, 1846, which proved 
to be^ when surveyed three years later, the northwest quarter of section 8, in 
(now) Union Township. At the time he was not of legal age, but under the 
"claim law" then recognized everywhere in the West and also by the Govern- 
ment, he had a right to locate a claim, since he would become of age before the 
land "came into market.'* During the summer of 1847 Leonard Bowman, with 
his family, arrived in the neighborhood and staked a claim next east of Guye's, 
building his cabin in such location that when the Government survey was made 
it was about forty rods over on the claim Guye had staked out and started a 
cabin, which he later completed. Thus, both cabins were on the same quarter sec- 
tion. The township lines being run in the fall of 1848 (and section lines the next 
spring), a conflict of claim title arose. The land could not be entered by any 

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one until January, 1850. Bowman became a member of the claim club and 
remained an active one. Guye never joined it. Thus the club was bound to 
protect Bowman. It was argued that Guye was a young man and, anyhow, 
not of age when he staked the claim; that he should select another tract. Be- 
sides, it was also urged. Bowman had a large family, to which Guye replied that 
he was first in right on the land and had coriiplied with every requirement of 
the times and the claim laws. Some eflfort was made toward a settlement of the 
dispute without result. Guye offered to compromise with Bowman by each 
taking an "80," but Bowman demanded all or none. Neighbors, near and far, 
took sides with increasing bitterness as the time for entering lands approached. 
Guye firmly refused to recognize the claim club in any manner and entered the 
eighty acres, on which Bowman's cabin stood, on the first day the lands of the 
north half of the county were open for entry — beating Bowman's attorney to it 
just fifteen minutes. 

After Guye had entered the land in dispute, thus ignoring and even defying the 
assumed right and power of the club in the matter, the latter was logically forced 
to take action or dissolve as an organization. 

This case was the only serious one it had up to this time, and no other in 
sight. A special meeting of the club was called and after some ineflfectual eflfort 
to secure a large attendance of the members, a meeting was held late in April, 
1850, at which there was serious division over the question -whether the club 
should try to enforce its claim of authority in the case. Guye owned the land. 
Everyone had become satisfied he would never deed it over to Bowman while 
alive and in case of death, of course he couldn't. Therefore, it was certain there 
was but one of three things the club could accomplish : Kill the recalcitrant Guye, 
run him out of the country, or the club itself go out of business forever. 

Finally, a majority of the club members present at the meeting voted to try 
to compel Guye to deed the land to Bowman, or leave the country. Accordingly, 
a notice was written in duplicate, the substance of which contained these alterna- 
tives : "Within ten days deed the land to Bowman and wait on him one year for 
his pay, or suflFer the penalty." The penalty was well understood by both sides 
to be that the club would run him out of the country, peaceably (?), if he 
would go, forcibly, if he would not ; and the latter included the probability that 
Guye's great form would become a magnificent corpse before the close of the 

Hampton Jones, living then and until his sudden death near the center of 
section 18, in Union Township, was willingly selected to deliver the notice to 
Guye in person. Jones' great size, youthful strength and vigorous fighting dis- 
position well equipped him for the mission. From his cabin to Guye's was 
scarcely the length of a mile across the prairie, northeast. Guye was his neigh- 
* bor and it would seem to most people a ticklish errand for him to undertake ; 
later on he found it a bloody one. 

The next day Jones went over on horseback to where Guye was plowing for 
corn in his field. Guye had been anticipating such notice from the club but did not 
expecf its delivery by so near a neighbor. And this angered Guye all the more. , 
It seemed to him that Jones had been selected, or may be had volunteered, to 
deliver the notice because a near neighbor with great fighting qualities. Guye 
thereupon proposed to Jones to fight it out and settle the matter then and there 

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alone between themselves. To this Jones objected, but offered to select with him 
a day when they should meet in Winterset and fight it out to a finish. They 
agreed on the following Saturday as the day of combat. Guye had, of course, 
vigorously and in no really proper Sunday school language, refused to concur 
in either alternative contained in the notice. So that after arrangements for the 
fight were completed Jones went away to report to the club and Guye quit plow- 
ing for some time. The latter had other and more pressing business — a fist 
fight to a finish the following Saturday with Jones and, should he survive that, 
a gun fight with the Madison County Claim Club exactly ten days thereafter. 

News of these two events appointed to occur, spread on the wings of the 
wind throughout the thin settlements. It was by far the greatest sensation that 
had taken place in the four years' history of the county. There was the smell, 
and almost the taste of human blood everywhere. Up to this time no serious 
trouble had occurred. The four years' progress of the community had been op- 
pressively free of any bloodshed. Not even a horse thief had been hung. 

On the first Saturday in May, in the forenoon, the opposing parties met 
in Winterset to witness the gladiatorial combat agreed upon by Hampton Jones 
and George Guye. The former had chosen Taylor Sargent and the latter Henry 
Rice as their respective seconds. About one hundred men were in the little 
county seat, representing every settled portion of the county. Over half the 
voters were present and most of them armed with small weapons. The sheriff 
came over from his farm in (now) Scott Township, and all the constables of 
the county were there to see the fight. Every resident preacher also was there. 
The weather was fine. 

The principals were escorted by their seconds into the John A. Pitzer general 
store, on the west side of the square, and weighed on a new platform scale. 
Guye pulled down 192 pounds and Jones 206; each stripped to his shirt. Jones 
outclassed Guye in weight fourteen pounds. Then the seconds got rope of bed 
cord size and with their principals went out on the square, where a large ring 
was formed by tying the rope around stakes set in the ground. The square 
was prairie sod and had been burned off the fall before, and the young grass had 
grown but little. 

There was but little betting and not much- jollity. It was rather a serious 
appearing crowd, for no man dared, even in his own mind, to feel sure what the 
outcome would be. The club members were very largely in the majority, but 
many felt neutral. The anti-club men were quiet, but very bitter, well prepared 
and ready for trouble. The extreme partisans of Bowman felt secure in the 
overwhelming majority of club members and therefore ready for anything. 
While it had been mutually agreed that nothing but the fistic encounter between 
the principals should occur, all knew that the least accidental spark might ex- 
plode great trouble. Naturally, there were some who were drinking more whisky 
than was needful for such an occasion. 

As soon as the ring was inclosed, Jones hopped in and jumping up and down 
called to Guye to come ahead. The latter followed. The seconds announced 
that this fight was to be "rough and tumble," "catch as catch can," no rtftes to 
observe and that no others than the principals would be allowed in the ring 
until one of them should cry "enough." The seconds were also husky fellows, 
capable of enforcing their rules. Upon signal from the seconds the fight began. 

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1st round:— Guye landed heavily on Jones' cheek bone, clinched, each trying 
to trip the other; a short wrestle and both went down; a dog fall. 

'2d round: — Jones landed heavily on Guye's eyes, felling him to the ground 
almost totally blinded. 

3d round : — Guye worked for a time to recover sight, clinched and broke 
holds, both winded. Round a stand-off. 

4th round : — Some sparring when Guye landed a heavy kick on Jones* stom- 
ach, followed by two more kicks on his body and Jones fell, Guye on top. He 
clinched Jones' hair and landed three licks on his head and ribs. 

By this time Joshua Pursell, a strong friend of Guye's, had jumped in the 
ring and began to pull Guye off Jones, upon which James Guye, a brother of 
George, and a powerful man, struck Purcell on the head with his fist and knocked 
him over the rope, nearly killing him. All this was done in a moment. Almost 
at the same time both seconds jumped to their principals and pulled them apart. 
Jones had not hollered "enough"; he was far beyond the ability to make any 
kind of noise. 

Jones was helped off the grounds and after washing up was taken home by 
friends. Guye was able to care for himself. Both were covered with blood 
from head to foot. They punished each other severely. Guye ever after 
carried a scar on his head, as a memento^ of the battle. 

Both these men were powerfully built, young (Guye 22 and Jones 25), hard- 
ened by frontier life and accustomed to rough and tumble wrestling. Besides, 
they were strongly embittered against each other and fought for supremacy. 

No unpleasant event marred the enjoyment of this occasion. Of course, the 
peace officers remained during the day, for the same duty as extra policemen 
are now employed on gala days. There was some whisky imbibed but it proved 
to be neither a claim club nor an anti-claim club exhilarant. Over the result in 
the ring, the club members had no incentive for crowing ; the other and minority 
side was serenely pleasant. 

The result of this day*s contest settled nothing, but it produced a salutary 
effect on the public mind toward peace. The members of the club present were 
strongly impressed by the event and those whose nerves were weak or who really 
cared nothing for the land contest at issue realized that deep red fighting blood 
filled the veins of the anti-club minority. There was no longer doubt in the 
mind of anyone that if the issue came to a gun to gun contest there would be 
killing done quite surely on both sides. And this leaven accomplished its work 
the next two or three days. 

The following week, the tenth day after Jones had served the club's notice 
on Guye, about forty members of the club met at the house of Silas Bams, to 
devise means of punishing Guye, in case he should not by that day have deeded 
the land in question to Bowman. They met at 10 o'clock in the forenoon and 
Bowman reported that no deed had been tendered him. Bams lived in a cabin 
west and near the spring on section 13, in Douglas Township. This cabin bumed 
in December, 185 1. It was in the edge of the timber. The forty members present 
remained there in consultation and disagreement over what to do or whether to 
try to do anything, until 2 o'clock, at which time they moved in a body south up on 
top of the dividing ridge and along the ridge northeasterly. 

In the meantime the anti-club men had organized and to the number of seven- 

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teen were in session at the double log house of Samuel Guye, which stood on 
the southwest quarter of the northeast quarter of section 7 in (now) Union 
Township. Samuel Guye was chosen captain and commander. Meeting early 
that morning, Calvin Smith was chosen to do picket duty, to watch the move- 
ments of the club force and report. The anti-club men had one strong marine 
glass and also a lesser glass, which gave them the great advantage of not only 
observing their enemy closely at a hidden distance, but identifying each individual 
and the gun he carried. The club force had no glass. 

Each side was armed, every man with a rifle that carried about two hundred 
yards. Besides a rifle, most of the men on both sides had smaller arms, as pistols 
and knives. The club force carried a fine six-foot American flag, made by 
the women especially for them. 

When the club force turned on the divide northeast, the scout reported the 
movement and Nimrod Taylor was sent on horseback with an immensely large 
red bandanna handkerchief fastened to a small pole for a flag. As rapidly as 
his horse could run he went toward the club force. When the club force first 
saw him and his flag, they were on section 18, Union Township, land later owned 
by Samuel B. Johnson. Then they stopped to await the approach of the man 
with the red flag, who had no gun in sight. Taylor halted before getting within 
gunshot range of the company, waved his red flag in a beckoning manner to come 
on ; then waved his hat in the same way, then both hat and flag at once in like 

The club force remained standing and in consultation some time. Little more 
than half a mile in front of them, across an open prairie, there was a masked 
enemy of unknown number, in a position of their own choice, equally well armed 
and would surely shoot to kill. They must ride to the attack across an open 
prairie to the edge of a timber where their enemy was behind buildings, fences 
and other protection. 

The club force slowly about-faced and returned toward Bams* place, separated 
and returned to their several places of abode. The war was ended. The Madison 
County Claim Club history then abruptly closes. 

Those members of the club present on the day of the battle that was not 
fought were: Captain, Charles Wright; Silas and Hiram J. Bams, William 
Gentry, William and Thomas Sturman, James, Vincent and Heztkiah Brown, 
E>avid D. Henry, John Butler, James and Lemuel Thombmgh, Samuel and 
Joshua Casebier, David Brinson, Leonard, David and Reece Bowman, James 
Brewer, William Brunk, Alfred Q. Rice, Sherwood Howerton, Daniel McKinzie, 

Noah Boshop, Whited, Samuel Folwell, Andrew Waymire, Charles and 

Isaac Clanton, N. S. Allcock, Mesheck Casteel and eight other names, forty in all. 

The anti-club force fortified at Samuel Guye's were: Captain, Samuel Guye; 
James and George Guye, Henry Rice, James B. Bedwell, Calvin Smith, Levi 
Smith, William Stinson, Joseph K. Evans, William and Silas Hinshaw, William 
and Joseph Combs and two brothers named Mendenhall — total seventeen. 

Some time much later, one day in Winterset, George Guye hunted up and 
bought a coon skin, took it over to John Brewer's blacksmith shop southeast 
of the square, a block, where he knew the former captain of the claim club was 
having some work done. Wright had entered his claim by a Mexican war 
bounty land warrant. So Guye offered him the coon skin for any land warrant 

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he might get for his services in the Madison County Qaim Qub war. While 
displaying his coon skin to Wright the latter got in the first lick and it counted. 
At it they went, furiously, but Brewer was a good man himself and finally 
parted them. No one ever heard that Guye ever offered any more coon skins 
on such terms. 

speculators' lands 

"Speculators" was a term exclusively applied to those who came here from 
more eastern states — in the particular case of Madison County they mostly were 
from "York State,*' Pennsylvania and Ohio — and bought Government land at 
$1.25 an acre as a speculation, without intending ever to move here and reside. 
Most fortunately for the settlers this class of persons did not appear until about 
1854. Within some two years they had picked nearly every remaining unentered 
piece of Government land. As the settlers had already entered all the timber, 
the contiguous prairie, and even considerable of the near-by prairie lands, tha 
speculators were confined to the more remote prairie districts and thus their advent 
did not retard the growth of the county. As it turned out, the lands they en- 
tered could not have been settled until the close of the war in 1865, after which 
a new and wealthier class of people came in, able and willing to pay the small 
advance the disappointed speculators asked. 

Immediately following the advent of the speculators came the hard times 
that began naturally in 1857 and culminated here in 1858-9. Land speculators 
were financially hard hit at home and became unable in most cases to pay taxes 
on their western properties. The "hard times" continued until 1862, but in the 
meantime much of their land was sold for taxes or the title thereto became 
complicated. Nobody here wanted an acre of it at any price. In this manner 
about ten years passed in the history of the lands held for speculation purposes — 
no income from them, a large tax account piled up, not to speak of interest on the 
investments. Flush times arrived about the close of the war and people here 
began to buy land. The speculators began oflFering to sell at about three dollars 
an acre. Suddenly appeared from Eastern Iowa, Illinois and sections further 
east, large numbers of land buyers, for not only the "speculator" lands, but for 
other cheap lands. While lands rapidly advanced in price the eastern speculator 
lands sold early at from three to five dollars an acre. Thus the speculator of 
1854-6 ^tood to lose after all those long ten years. 

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By A. J. Hoisington 

While the events about to be related did not occur in Madison County, a 
considerable number of her people were more or less connected with the affair 
in various ways and they also played a part in the first county election. The 
story has never been told with any considerable degree of completeness or truth- 
fulness until now, nor is it hereinafter related more than to show the part Madison 
County settlers had in the affair. 

During the early fall of 1845, j^st before the Indians gave possession, George 
and Noah Reeves, two brothers, and their large families settled- at Linn Grove, 
on North River, in now Linn Township, Warren County. In their families 
were five grown sons. As other settlers arrived the next year or two, an increas- 
ing public opinion prevailed that the Reeves crowd was a horsestealing outfit, 
if not murderers to boot. After a time circumstantial evidence so largely accu- 
mulated that open accusations were made. The Reeves had not stolen any horses 
in that vicinity, nor permitted others to do so, for prudential reasons, but to the 
south, southeast and southwest, they were believed to be doing a wholesale busi- 
ness. Persons related to their organization as developed after they were forced 
from the county, covered all that section from north of Des Moines south into 
Missouri and to the Missouri River, even to the Mississippi. The names of three 
of the sons were Cam, Pressly and Jesse ; the names of the other two are for- 

Matters became so that in the summer of 1848 a ''vigilants company" was 
organized, from among the settlers on North and Middle Rivers in (now) Warren 
County, to the number of about sixty men, of whom a man named Lasure (or 
some such name) was captain. This company made an ineffectual effort to run 
the Reeves families out of the country. Soon after this occurrence two Linn 
Grove men, named James Phipps and James Hart, were in Des Moines, and 
there got into an altercation with the Reeves boys, in which Phipps was seriously 
and Hart slightly wounded. Des Moines officers arrested Cam Reeves for the 
shooting that had taken place and took him to Oskaloosa for safe keeping. 

Immediately after this *'gun play," the Warren County Vigilants took up 
again the matter of ridding their county of 'these families, this time with far more 
determination. As always in such cases, the Reeves had some friends among 
the settlers, and there were others too timid to take sides either way. Reinforce- 
ments were sought in Madison County and at length an organization was effected 
and named "Black Oak Grove Vigilants Company," after the name of the Madison 
County voting precinct. Samuel Guye was elected captain. There were eighteen 
members, among whom were the captain, Irvin and Louis Baum, William Combs, 


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Alfred and Harvey Rice, Samuel Casebier, D. Chenoweth, James and George 
Guye, Lemuel Thombrugh and others. The members of the company lived 
north of Middle River. All went horseback and armed to Linn Grove, arriving 
toward evening, where they found the Warren County Vigilants in camp. 

After the shooting of Phipps and Hart all the young men of the Reeves crowd 
went to and remained in Des Moines. The old men remained at their homes; 
the latter two and their families were placed under close guard. Another man, 
much wanted, was also found in one of the Reeves homes, but that evening he 
induced a detail of the Madison County company to take him over to a settler's, 
named Snyder, for something he claimed he must have. He declared he was 
then ready to leave the country if the Vigilants so elected. At this house Snyder 
managed to get out a back way and escaped. 

The next morning a detail from the Warren company was ordered to guard 
the Reeves apd also help make ready for their removal from the country and 
the rest of the two companies pulled out for Des Moines to capture the four 
Reeves boys known to be there. Horses were scarce those days and about a 
third of the Warren company went a-foot. One of the latter, named Mason, was 
barefoot. The morning was quite cold and there were frequent puddles of frozen 
water, but Mason plunged bravely through all of it without cohiplaint. 

Arriving at Four Mile Creek, south of Des Moines, the company found a 
horse tied to a sapling. Near by a man was lying on the ground. His saddle 
served for a pillow and the saddle blanket was under him. By his side was a 
bottle of whisky and it was evident he was pretending to be in a drunken sleep. 
The man was at once recognized as Sheriff Michaels, of Polk County. He was 
on his way to Linn Grove with warrants for the arrest of six of the Vigilants, 
who were in the crowd. At that time the north tier of townships of (now) 
Warren County was in Polk County. The Vigilants searched the sheriff, took 
away his arms, all his official papers and compelled him to accompany them on 
his horse, fully explaining to him what they wanted and were going to do, not 
only with him but with the Reeves. 

The Vigilants marched down the old Coon bluff hill road, south of Des 
Moines, in plain view of all the inhabitants of the future capital city. This 
produced an extraordinary scene in the little village. 

Reports of the gathering of the two companies of Vigilants at Linn Grove 
had been carried to Des Moines by friends of the Reeves, exaggerated into the 
alarming intelligence that the town itself was to be destroyed and all the citizens 
compelled to leave for the sin of harboring the Reeves boys and their friends. 
It was also freely reported that some of the citizens of the fort, being. found over 
on North River, were captured and killed. The Reeves boys and their friends 
had the more credulous men, women and children in Des Moines worked up to a 
frenzy of excitement. This element was organized and headed by a Colonel 
Baker. His small band, armed as best they could and with music of fife and 
drum, desperately pleaded for reinforcements. 

The more conservative of the Des Moines men refused to join Colonel Baker 
and his excited band and quietly agreed among themselves that if the Vigilants 
only wanted the Reeves gang they were welcome to come and take them away. 
The Reeves gang had already given. Des Moines some trouble and after the 

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shooting of Phipps and Hart they were very much not wanted. This element 
had a considerable majority. 

The Vigilants marched across the Coon bottom, to a point of timber on the 
south side of the river west of the ford, where they halted and agreed upon a 
plan of campaign. Two men were sent across the river into the town to inform 
the citizens whom they wanted and what they were determined on doing, and to 
consult with those citizens who were known to favor the removal of the Reeves 
gang. The Vigilants were kindly received by this element and given the informa- 
tion desired, especially the exact location of the Reeves boys. They were har- 
bored in a saloon run by a man named Joseph Crews, whose place was a little 
north and west of the old Magazine Building, and quite out by itself. 

The men sent into the town to reconnoiter returned and reported. A small 
detail of footmen was left to guard the sheriff. Coon River was very low at 
the old ford and the Vigilants after crossing, formed in single file, the horsemen 
in the lead, the footmen keeping up the best they could. The horsemen rode 
rapidly, carrying their guns ready to fire, in their right hands and guiding their 
horses with their left hands. Colonel Baker and his braves, instead of repelling 
the invasion, were invisible. The road to the Crews saloon forked some distance 
before it reached his place and, as agreed upon, the first horseman took one 
fork and the next one the other, and so on alternately the force proceeded on 
each side toward and beyond the saloon until it was surrounded. Pressly Reeves, 
upon seeing the horsemen, ran out of the building and away toward the Des 
Moines River, but was soon captured without a shot being fired. After sur- 
rounding the saloon, the Reeves were told that if they would quietly surrender, 
give up their arms, go with the Vigilants to their homes, load up their chattels 
and leave the country forever they would not be harmed. The Reeves refused 
and declared tl^ey would fight to the last. After some time spent in parleying, 
it became evident that sterner arguments were necessary. Thereupon, not wish- 
ing to shoot anyone nor be shot at, a wagon loaded with prairie hay was pulled 
up against the rear of the building and those inside informed that the hay and 
building would be immediately fired unless they surrendered. Then Crews de- 
manded that the boys should surrender. The Vigilants again pledging their safe 
removal from the country, the Reeves gave up and peaceably went with their 
captors. The Vigilants thanked the citizens, except Colonel Baker and his 
mighty army, and quietly recrossed Coon River, where the sheriff was released 
and his arms, papers and other property restored. And then the self-appointed 
rangers returned to Linn Grove without further incident. 

While at Des Moines no one was allowed to. take a drink of intoxicants nor 
carry any along either way; not even the barefoot Mason got a drop. It also 
should be related that the sheriff kept himself and his papers safe on the north 
side of the Coon, and never did serve the warrants. However, it would be inter- 
esting to know how his '^returns" read. 

Arriving at Linn Grove late that afternoon the male members of the Reeves 
family were kept under close guard and the females and smaller children under 
surveillance, but all were permitted to help in making ready for moving South 
out of the country the following day. No particular incident occurred and early 
next morning the Reeves loaded their wagons, and with live stock and everything 
movable, treked southward, escorted by both Vigilant companies in full force. 

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The refugees followed the old Dragon trail toward St. Joseph, Missouri, and 
toward evening went into camp on the south bank of South River. Next morning 
after breakfast, all the men were taken some distance from the women and chil- 
dren and given their instructions, to the effect that they must not only leave 
the country but also the state and none of them were ever to return. About this 
time some of the Warren County Vigilants, who had suffered from the depreda- 
tions of the Reeves gang, got the elder George Reeves, who was considered the 
ring leader, away from the rest, tied him to a sapling and began lashing him with 
a whip. When this was discovered by the Madison County Vigilants they raised 
violent objections, and Alfred Q. Rice, of the Madison County company, quickly 
cut Reeves loose. The Warren County members were reminded of the pledges 
made to the Reeves that they should not be harmed in person or property. While 
this was going on some straw in a bed tick in one of the wagons was set afire, 
but this was extinguished and resulted only in the loss of the tick and a part of 
the wagon cover. All arms were returned to the Reeves but their ammunition 
was withheld from them. The Reeves outfit proceeded along the road southward 
and the Vigilants returned to their homes. 

The Reeves party reached Pisgah, a Mormon village, on the trail a short dis- 
tance north of Grand River, in Union County, that night and there they remained 
some time, but the Warren Vigilants kept close tab on them. Later they went on 
west, across but near the Missouri River, but not into oblivion. 

A curious sequel to this event occurred forty years later in Seattle, Washing- 
ton, where long resided Francis Guye, son of Samuel Guye, captain of the 
Madison County Vigilants. He was too young and not in the "Reeves War." A 
man named Reeves bought a residence property adjoining Guye's. Soon after- 
ward Reeves erected a high and very solid board fence between himself and 
Guye. This the latter could not understand nor could he understand why' his 
neighbor. Reeves, apparently would never look at him nor speak to him. In 
1893 George Guye was visiting his brother Francis in Seattle and happened at 
once to meet Reeves near his home on the sidewalk. Guye at once recognized him 
and called him by name, upon which Reeves gave him a sharp look and passed 
on without speaking. The recognition was mutual. And in this way Francis 
Guye came to understand the mystery of the high fence. This Reeves was one 
of the younger of his family and had learned that Francis was a son of the Captain 
Guye who helped to run out his family from Warren County. He had never 
forgotten or forgiven a Guye. 

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By A. J. Hoisington* 

By act of Congress, passed and approved September 28, 1850, certain states 
of the Union were granted all the swamp and overflow lands within their borders. 
Notwithstanding this provision large tracts of land were alienated by the Govern- 
ment, which came under the classification of swamp or overflowed land, and 
to meet the predicament Congress passed and approved an act March 2, 1855, 
in which it was provided that swamp and overflowed lands in the several states 
entered with cash since the act of September 28, 1850, the cash thus received 
by the Government should be paid over to the states (or counties), and for those 
swamp and overflowed lands entered by land warrants or scrip, the state or county 
should be indemnified, by permitting the state or county to select, in lieu of such 
entered lands in the several counties, vacant or unentered lands subject to cash 
entry at $1.25 per acre, within the state. 

The lands accruing to Madison County by the acts of 1850, 1855 and 1857 
amounted to something over 18,000 acres. The lands selected under the indem- 
nity measure, consisted of 2,974.49 acres, located in (now) Garfield Township, 
and 5,528.25 acres, in Williams Township, Calhoun County, Iowa; also 550.60 
acres in Cedar Township, Sac County, Iowa, which were conveyed by patent to 
the state. May 31, 1867, and later by deed to Madison County. As computed 
by the late A. J. Hoisington, who gave the subject careful study, this swamp 
land was later sold for about $92,000, and the amount in cash, in indemnity 
money due and paid the county for swamp and overflowed land sold by the 
Government, was $9,188. But Madison County benefited by none of this money, 
which aggregated over $100,000. Why, is told in the following paragraphs : 

The first information found in the county records, concerning the "swamp 
lands** of Madison County, is of date January 15, 1861, in the proceedings of the 
board of supervisors as follows: "Motion was made that H. J. B. Cummings' 
services be procured to take necessary steps to obtain all the information possible 
in regard to the Swamp Lands of this County. Carried." 

Acting upon this authority, on June 3, 1861, "Mr. Cummings made his report 
in reference to the Swamp Land of this County. Motion was made that the 
report be received and that the Committee continue, which was carried." 

The next action taken by the board was on June 6, 1861, as follows: "Motion 
was made that the previous motion to continue Cummings in relation to the Swamp 
Land be rescinded. Carried. Motion was then made that H. J. B. Cummings 
receive four per cent of the swamp land money that he gets for this county and 
if he gets nothing he gets no pay. Carried." 

The next record of the board referring to the subject is of date October 22, 


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1862, when the following action was taken: "On motion L. N. Clark was nom- 
inated as Agent to procure from the Government the Swamp Land grant for 
Swamp Lands lying in this county upon the following conditions, viz: if said 
grant shall amount to more than twenty thousand dollars the Agent, L. N. Clark, 
to receive for his services five per cent of the amount; if the amount shall not 
exceed the sum of twenty thousand then the Agent shall receive seven per cent of 
the grant secured." 

The resolution by the board, appointing Clark agent of the county, was sent 
by the clerk of the county to the United States Land Officers at Des Moines and 
found insufficient, in "that it is not specific enough as to the power intended to 
be conferred upon said agent to meet the requirements of law." The land office 
suggested a form inclosed in its letter. A security bond was also required, but 
it seems no further action was taken at this time by either the board or its ac- 
credited agent. 

During the afternoon session of the board, held, June 3, 1863, as the records 
show, a "motion was then made to sell and Convey the interest of Madison County, 
Iowa, in and to the Swamp Lands of said county to the American Emigrant 
Society; motion to amend by letting the Company take the land on the halves, 
recorded vote demanded on the propositions. The following named members 
voted in favor of accepting the thousand dollar proposition : J. W. Lane, J. W. 
Davis, A. Bennett, H. Haun, E. H. Venard, S. Harter,*S. Rolston, D. McCarty. 
The following named members voted in favor of letting said Company have 
said lands on the shares: L. N. Clark, S. A. Ross, A. Bonham, O. Crawford, 
William McDonald, H. Harris, G. A. Beerbower. It was thereupon declared 
sold to the American Emigrant Society for $1,000 and the assignment of her 
interest to the same was made to A. West and the money paid." 

It will be observed that L. N. Clark voted against the outright sale. Follow- 
ing is a copy of the instrument of transfer : 

"In consideration of one thousand dollars, the receipt whereof we hereby 
acknowledge, we, the Board of Supervisors for the county of Madison and State 
of Iowa, do grant, bargain and convey unto Albert West of Winterset, county 
and state aforesaid, all the right, title and interest which Madisoa County has 
now or may have hereafter in any Swamp Lands belonging to said County, 
according to the tenor of a certain Act of Congress passed in 1850, indemnity 
provided by the Acts of 1855 ^tnd 1857, and we further agree to protect the 
said Albert West in the transfer hereby made so far as the interests of this 
County in said Swamp Lands may be concerned, and indemnity. 

"Done at Winterset, the county seat of Madison County, this 3rd day of 
June, 1863. 

"David McCarty, 
"Chairman of the Board of Madison County, Iowa." 

The next step taken by the American Emigrant Society to strengthen and 
clear its title to the lands is shown by the following record of the board of 
date September 8, 1863 : 

"The papers or deed of conveyance was presented in behalf of the American 
Emigrant Company requesting the Board of Supervisors to make a title of the 

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Swamp and overflow lands of Madison County and State of Iowa, a survey or 
Nos. of said land being attached and described in said papers or deed of convey- 
ance in which said Company claims were sold by the Board of Supervisors of 
said County to Albert West on the 3rd day of June, 1863, and afterwards sold 
and transferred by the said A. West to them. On motion a committee of three 
consisting of L. N. Clark, J. W. Lane and S. Ralston was appointed to report 
on the propriety of making a deed to said Company for said lands." 

During the afternoon of the same day the committee made report as follows : 
"Your Committee appointed to investigate the propriety of making a deed 
to the Swamp and ovei'flow lands of Madison County would respectfully report 
as follows: That this Board take no further action toward making a deed or 
perfecting a title to said lands either to Albert West or the American Emigrant 
Company for the following reasons: That at the time and before the Board 
contracted in regard to said swamp lands with A. West there were misrepresenta- 
tions made, we think, which induced and influenced the Board to do differently 
from what they wouJd have done had they fully understood the facts in the case, 
and would recommend that this board take no further action in the matter ex- 
cept to refund the amount received by this County with 10 per cent interest per 
annum when required of thern by the proper persons to receive the same. On 
motion the report of the Committee was received and Committee discharged. 
Motion was then made that the report of the Committee be adopted, the following 
named members voted in the affirmative : J. W. Lane, O. Crawford, S. Ralston, 
E. H. Venard, William McDonald, S. Harter, L. N. Clark, S. Ross, A. Bennett, 
D. McCarty, H. Harris, W. J. Davis and Otho Davis, those being all the members 

Thus the matter remained until the Board meeting of date January 4, 1864, 
when the Agent of the Society made another eflfort for title as appears by the 
record : 

"Mr. Savery, Agent of the American Emigrant Society, made some statements 
in reference to the Swamp Lands of the County and asked for some further action 
on the part of the Board in the premises. On motion a committee of three, 
consisting of Hood, Venard and Ross, was appointed to confer with Mr. Savery 
on the matter and report tomorrow." 

During the afternoon of the following day the record proceeds to say : 
"The Committee appointed to confer with Mr. Savery, Agent of the American 
Emigrant Society, in reference to Swamp Lands sale then submitted the follow- 
ing report: The under Committee appointed to take under consideration what 
action should be taken by Madison County Board of Supervisors in relation to 
the Swamp Lands of said County, and to compromise with the American Emi- 
grant Co., would respectfully report as follows : That a Committee of three per- 
sons be appointed by the County Board with full powers to act in behalf of the 
County in relation to said Swamp Lands, either to eflfect a compromise with said 
Company to prosecute the claim of the County for a fee or share, or to take 
such other action in the premises as they deem most expedient for the interests 
of said County and that said Committee be authorized to employ counsel in be- 
half of the County, which expenses, with all other expenses of the Committee, 
shall be paid by the County, together with a reasonable compensation to said 
Committee for its services. The report of Committee was received and upon 

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motion adopted. B. F. Roberts, C. D. Bevington and C. S. Wilson were appointed 
by the Board as said Committee with additional powers, to wit: That if said 
Committee deem it best to annul said contract and to tender the Company the 
amount paid said County for s^id Swamp Lands with interest thereon at ten 
per cent per annum, they are authorized to borrow the amount on the credit of the 

The committee members were not of the board and, so far as the records 
show, were not sworn or otherwise qualified, to faithfully perform their duties 
in the interest of the county otherwise than as reputable citizens, in whom the 
general public had confidence. To say the very least, the appointment, and the 
whole procedure, appears odd from the viewpoint of today. The final disposi- 
tion of the entire claim of Madison now rested solely with this committee of 
otherwise unofficial citizens. Thus the American Emigrant Society had to con- 
vince only three men that the county, as the society contended, never did have a 
legal claim for any swamp lands, nor for indemnity, and therefore the county 
should, as a matter of right, execute a quit claim deed to the society for all 
the lands claimed by the county. And to prove the whole hearted liberality and 
utter kindness of the society in thus freeing the county from all complications in 
ridding itself of its swamp lands, it proposed to pay all the expenses (if not 
exceeding $ioo) of the committee and of a special session of the board to be 
called fpr the purpose of executing the quit claim deed to the society for 452 
forty-acre tracts of land, amounting in all to over eighteen thousand acres. 

The committee, having been appointed January 5th, completed its work dur- 
ing that month and a special meeting of the board was called to meet February i, 
1864, to ratify its report. 

To complete the story such portions of the proceedings are given of the special 
session as seem material: 

"Clerk's Office of Madison County, 
"February ist, 1864. 

"The Board of Supervisors met by request of majority of the members at 10 
o'clock A. M. President in the chair. Members not all being present on motion 
Board adjourned until i o'clock P. M. 

"Board met pursuant to adjournment. President in the chair, all the members* 
being present. After hearing report of the committee appointed by said Board at 
its late meeting to confer with the American Emigrant Company in relation to the 
sale of Swamp Lands of said County and matters pertaining thereto motion was 
made and carried to receive and adopt the report of said Committee which is as 
follows : 

"To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Madison County : 

*'We, your Committee appointed to settle the Swamp Land claim of this 
County with the American Emigrant Company, respectfully report: That upon 
a careful examination of the decisions of the Department of the Interior we find 
that we have neither a claim for Swamp Lands nor for indemnity on the General 
Government in consequence of the provisions of the Act of Congress passed 
March 3, 1857, and even if the County had any claim the actions of the Board 
of Supervisors, we ascertained by. consultation with able lawyers, assigned that 
claim to the American Emigrant Co. ; thereupon, we concluded an agreement with 
the Emigrant Co. upon the following terms: The Board of Supen^isors are to 

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make a quit claim deed of said lands to the said Company and the said Com- 
pany are to pay the expenses of this your Committee and of convening the Board 
of Supervisors to amount not exceeding one hundred dollars. (Signed,) 

"B. F. Roberts, chairman, C. D. Bevington, C. S. Wilson, Committee." 

The record further contains a copy of the quitclaim deed, in which is set 
forth a reaffirmation of sale ancf transfer to Albert West of **all the swamp and 
overflowed lands of said County and claim for the same on the United States 
which instrument has been sold and transferred by said West to the American 
Emigrant Company." The deed goes on to covenant that in future **any lands 
that shall be located under or by any scrip, so-called, which may be claimed on 
said claim*' the county shall convey in like form to said company. The deed is of 
great length and seems to fully cover everything in the way of title of over 
eighteen thousand acres of land in Madison County, therein particularly de- 
scribed, and "claim on the United States for indemnity to such lands as have 
been sold for cash or entered with land warrants.'' ^ 

The deed bears date of February i, 1864, and is signed by all the members of 
the board, to wit: William McDonald, chairman; Thomas H. Pendleton, A. 
Hood, M. M. McGee, A. Bennett, Simeon Hamblin, S. A. Ross, E. H.^ Venard, 
Samuel Ralston, J. C. Scott, Van B. Wiggins, Samuel Harter, W. J. Davis, H. 
Haun, Oliver Crawford, H. C. Smith, Abihu Wilson. 

The $100 to be paid as costs for the deed was distributed as follows : Board 
of supervisors, $51.82; clerk, M. R. Tidrick, for services making deed, postage, 
etc., $5.85; committeemen, C. D. Bevington, $21, B. F. Roberts, $io.66j4; C. S. 
Wilson, $io.66j/i. 

The lands covered by the deed and particularly described therein were located 
in the several townships as follows: In Ohio, 1,130.20 acres; South, 3,160; Wal- 
nut, 960; Scott, 766.13; Monroe, 240; Grand River, 595.54; Crawford, 5,978.64; 
Lee, 1,243.03; Union, i-,272.47; Jefferson, 1,884.58; Douglas 120; Madison, 440; 
Lincoln, 280; total, 18,070.59 acres. 

No lands appear to have been described as in the townships of Webster, Jack- 
son and Penn. 

The record of the board of supervisors for January 8, 1868, shows the fol- 
lowing item : 

"The clerk was authorized to inform the American Emigrant Company that 
the Board is ready to convey the lands patented to Madison County as indemnity 
for swamp and overflowed lands therein." 

January 27, 1868, *The Board then proceeded to execute to the American 
Emigrant Company a special warranty deed for all lands received in lieu of 
swamp lands in Madison County." Board all present, to wit : D. F. Tumey, C. 
Hughart, T. W. Stiles, William Anderson, William McDonald, Eli Cox, Q. C. 
Bird, B. F. Brown, J. D. Whitenack, James Goare, I. N. Hogle, H. H. Harris, 
Daniel Francis, O. B. Bissell, A. M. Hart, Joseph J. Greer, J. McLeod, Sr. 

Thus another board, and nearly four years later, went the previous boards one 
better and gave a warranty deed to the company for the swamp lands of Madison 

October 12, 1904, there yet remained on the books of the General Land Office 
unadjusted, scattering tracts in Madison County, originally claimed by the state 
for Madison County as swamp and overflowed lands. Of these there were 

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i6 forty-acre tracts that belonged to the cash indemnity class and 30 
forty-acre tracts of the land indemnity class. Evidently, these tracts were 
abandoned for some reason by the American Emigrant company, or the 
state, at the time of the settlement with the Government in 1866-7. The 
department desired to close the account and balance the books with the 
State of Iowa. Accordingly, its special agent, Fred Hoisington, of Ohio, was 
assigned to the work. November i, 1904, he requested the board of supervisors 
to investigate the character of these tracts and then waive claims to all those not 
swamp. The board declined to take any action in the matter. In July, 1905, the 
same special agent repeated his request to the board with like result. Upon this 
the special agent gave the board thirty days' notice of a hearing, set for August 
II, 1905, at the office of the board in the courthouse at Winterset, at which date 
the board might present proof of the swamp and overflowed character of the 
unadjusted tracts named in the list. The day of hearing arrived, the Govern- 
ment's representative, Fred Hoisington, was on hand, but the board failed to 
appeal*. In the meantime the special agent had made personal inspection of each 
tract, and in his report to the department said in effect that none of the tracts 
were within the law and the instructions. The commissioner of the General Land 
Office thereupon canceled the tracts and thus the swamp land account of Madi- 
son County was forever closed. 

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By H. A. Mueller 

The first settlers in Madison County, who came between the years 1846 and 
1848, were principally from the State of Missouri. They had lived in a sparsely 
settled country, were a simple living folk, caring for little beyond their immediate 
wants, hence they were no town builders. 

In 1848, 1849, and 1850 and later there was a large influx of settlers from 
Indiana, Ohio and the eastern states. They were more ambitious and visionary 
than the first settlers. They saw the possibilities of towns springing up on the 
broad prairies of Iowa. Thus, as the county began to settle up, some one would 
lay out and plat a town site and offer lots free to those who would start some 
business. Soon a general store would be started, a postoflice established and a 
blacksmith and wagon shop set up. 

The first town laid out in Madison County was Winterset, the county seat. 
Three commissioners were appointed by the Legislature to locate the county seat 
of Madison County. They performed their duty in June, 1849, in locating the 
present location of the county seat of Madison County. The county commis- 
sioners then proceeded to have the town surveyed and laid out in lots. This was 
done July 19, 1849, by A. D. Jones, and the town was called Winterset. 

Then other towns were laid out on some public highway leading from 
the county seat town to Des Moines, or to some other larger town. Railroads were 
not thought of at that time so far West. 

The first town platted that afterwards became obsolete was the Town of 
Richmond. Dr. Emanuel J. Henkel, a brother of John Henkel, and of Mrs. O. M. 
Archer, of Truro, came to Madison County about 1848 and took a claim on Jones 
Creek about where the N. P. Pomeroy farm is located. 1-ater he took a claim in 
the southeast quarter section 12, Scott Township, and on July 25, 1849, had A. D. 
Jones to lay out the Town of Richmond, in the southwest quarter of the southeast 
quarter of section 12, Scott Township, which land is now owned by Lot Eldridge. 
This is west of the Hogan Queen stone house. The plat consisted of four blocks, 
of eight lots each. The streets were sixty-six feet wide, except Broadway, which 
was 82^ feet wide. The streets running east and west were called High, Broad- 
way and Grove ; those running north and south, Line, Center Avenue and Spring 
Street. He gave to A. D. Jones, the surveyor, all the lots in blocks i and 3. 
The streets and alleys were dedicated and donated to the public so long as the 
town shall exist. This was done July 30, 1849, 2i"d the plat was recorded by 
Enos Berger, recorder, August 27, 1849. Mr. Henkel then built a double log cabin 
for a store building. A postoffice was established here July 16, 1850, with 
Emanuel J. Henkel as postmaster. The postoffice was called Amazon. The doc- 


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tor attended to the postoflice and practiced medicine, while he had a man to operate 
his store. The postoffice was discontinued October 31, 1851 ; the store removed, 
and this was the end of Richmond. The doctor moved to Union County, Iowa, 
and before the War of 1861, went to Arkansas, and after the beginning of the 
war was never heard from. His relatives think that he was foully dealt with 
for being a northern sympathizer. 

Fairview. — In the fall of 1850, Samuel Comstock had^ Simmons Rutty lay out a 
town in the northeast part of the northeast quarter of the northeast quarter of 
section 24, South Township, about one-fourth mile northeast of the present 
To^n of St. Charles, on land now owned by H. P. Anderson. He named it Fair- 
view. He built a log store 16x24 feet late in the fall, then went to Oskaloosa for 
his stock of merchandise. On his return with the goods it was winter, and the 
cabin store not being finished he kept the goods in the house of Joel Clanton, who 
lived west of the present site of St. Charles. Samuel Fife acted as his clerk. 
Mr. Comstock sold what he could, but the settlers being few and money scarce, 
and having purchased his goods on time, he was not able to meet his bills when 
they became due, so his creditors came the next spring and took what he had 
left. The records at Winterset do not show that the plat was ever recorded. The 
store building was never finished and was later sold to Uncle John Byars, who 
moved it to St. Charles after that town was laid out in the fall of 1852. It was 
the first building erected in the Town of St. Charles, being moved and put up on 
lot 7, northwest section, where Joseph Vanscoy conducted a restaurant for several 
years. Mr. Comstock left and thus ended the Town of Fairview. 

Brooklyn. — About 1850 and earlier there came to Madison County from Ohio 
the Guiberson family, who tdok quite an active part in the early days in the up- 
building of this country. E. R. Guiberson was county judge and representative of 
Madison County ; Israel Guiberson was a lawyer and held the office of recorder, 
dying early ; Nathaniel Guiberson was a prosperous f arrrter in Union Township, 
dying a few years ago ; John W. Guiberson was a farmer and Methodist preacher 
in Walnut Township. On May 29, 1855, he had William Davis, the county sur- 
veyor, plat the Town of Brooklyn, which plat was signed and dedicated September 
6, 1855, and approved by Judge Pitzer, April 15, 1856, and plat ordered recorded. 
It is described as follows : Beginning at the northwest comer of the southeast 
quarter of section 14, 74-27, thence running south 30.40 chains, east 16.75 chains, 
north 15.75 chains, east 3.15 chains, north 14.58 chains, west 19.90 chains to the 
place of beginning. The town consisted of eleven blocks of eight lots each, each 
block seventeen rods square, and there were also nine outlots. The land is at 
present owned by Leroy Clifton. The town was located on the main traveled road 
from Winterset to Osceola, and the stage stopped here. From 1856 to i860 
Brooklyn was quite a thriving town. There were two general stores run by 
John W. Guiberson and William Mills, respectively ; one blacksmith shop operated 
by Asa Roberts ; and a brickyard by William Quick. The Methodist circuit rider. 
Rev. J. B. Rawls, lived here; also John Hilton, Lee Nunn, David Drake, a Mr. 
Gillespie, Smith Jones, son-in-law of J. W. Guiberson; William Rhyno, Mr. 
Flanagan, father of the late John Flanagan, deputy auditor under G. W. Poffin- 
barger. J. Vance Walker taught singing school two winters in this village. 

A postoffice was established February 19, 1857, with William Quick as the first 
postmaster, followed in succession by William Mills, John W. Guiberson and D. D. 

Vol.1 —10 

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Drake, under whose incumbency it was discontinued June 15, i860. About this 
time Mr. Guiberson moved to California. Later it was discovered that the title 
to the lots was not good on account of an incumbrance that was against the land 
before it was platted. The original plat is on file in the recorder's office at Winter- 
set, but it does not appear to be made a matter of record. During the '60s the vil- 
lage began to decline; people began to leave; some taking the buildings away, 
others abandoning them or disposing of them the best they could, until finally 
all the buildings were removed. Fred Beeler bought the last building left stand- 
ing and moved it to his farm. The last transfer of lots was made by William S. 
Quick to Margaret Hilton, April 12, ,1865. Today scarcely a trace can be found 
where back before the war once stood a thriving village of fifty or more souls. 

Grand View. — This town, located in Monroe Township, was platted by John 
Bullock and Maxwell McCants, August 15, 1855, and dedicated to the public 
December 4, 1855. The plat was approved by County Judge Pitzer and recorded 
April 4, 1856, in Book "E'* on page 337. It is described as beginning at the 
northwest comer of the northeast quarter of the southeast quarter of section 22, 
74-28, thence west 8.375 chains, south 11.50 chains, east 16.75 chains, north 11.50 
chains, west 8.375 chains to the place of beginning. Mr. Bullock owned the west 
half and Mr. McCants the east half of the town] At present Robert Garrett owns 
the west part and Samuel Boling the east half of the old site. John Bullock was 
the father of Manville Bullock and J. D. Bullock, who lived many years in Monroe 
Township as respected citizens, and died there. He was also the father of Mrs. 
Marilda Witt, of Winterset, and Mrs. Mahala Tincher, of Jackson Township, War- 
ren County, Iowa. Samuel Boling stated that two small buildings, a dwelling and 
a store, were built, but the settlers being few, the store did not remain long. A 
few lots were sold, but as the town did not prosper the lots that were sold reverted 
or were resold to the original owners. 

Lavega. — This town was surveyed and platted by William Davis, surveyor, 
October 12, 1855, at the request of William W. Keeney, the chain carriers being 
Ethan E. Pindell and William Richardson. This plat is on file in the recorder's 
office, but was never recorded. The description of the survey is as follows: 
Beginning at the northwest comer of section 15, township 74, range 29, thence 
south 11.50 chains, east 11.50 chains, north 11.50 chains, west 11.50 chains, thus 
making the plat forty-six rods square. This town was divided into four blocks 
of eight lots each. Each lot was 66x132 feet; the streets were sixty-six feet wide 
and alleys 16^ feet wide. The streets running east and west were Clay, Wash- 
ington and Monroe ; those running north and south, JeflFerson, Polk and Webster. 
This town was in the northwest part of Section 15, Grand River Township, at 
present occupied by a part of the original plat of Macksburg, lying east of the 
public park, a part of Barker's Addition to Macksburg, and a part of the farm 
now owned by Capt. E. G. Barker. 

Nothing was done except the staking out of the town. It is believed a Mr. 
Hurd laid out the town, but the plat shows it was Mr. Keeney. Rev. Hiram 
Pearce, of Afton, who was an old settler of Grand River Township, remembers 
the laying out of the town, but states no attempt was made to build it up or any 
one to start a store. Macksburg has superseded this lost town. 

Grand view. — About 1856 or 1857 there came from Greene County, Pennsyl- 
vania, William Heaton, a very eccentric man, who always did things very different 

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from any one else. Later he became a prominent citizen of Madison County, and 
a leader of the greenback party in Madison County. During its palmy days he 
defended its principles everywhere and all the time, with all the power of speech 
at his command. Mr. Heaton was familiarly called **Uncle Billy" Heaton, and 
was well known in this part of the state. He was an idealist and a dreamer. He 
bought large tracts of the best prairie land in Lee Township, and conceived in his 
mind the building of- a town and the establishment of a seminary on the broad 
prairie between Badger Creek and North River. He laid out a town in the north- 
east township, in Madison County, in the northeast part of the northwest quarter 
of section 27 and called it Grandview. The site at present is owned by John 
McLaughlin. The town was surveyed by J. M. Laird, October 5, 1857, and was 
deeded to the future lot holders, April 14, 1858, which deed was approved by the 
county judge, John Pitzer, and recorded June i, 1858, in Book **E," page 527. 
The town was laid out in forty-two blocks of twelve lots each; each lot is 
56x168 feet. Two streets running through the town are 100 feet wide; the 
other streets are each eighty feet wide. 

William Heaton then proceeded to sell town lots in Grandview under the 
following contract: He obligated himself to invest the entire proceeds, less the 
expense of the sale of these lots, for the purpose of instituting and maintaining a 
seminary of the highest grade, in which shall be taught all branches usually taught 
in similar literary institutions, the proceeds to be invested as follows : 

( 1 ) One block to be reserved for the seminary building. 

(2) One-quarter of a block to be reserved for a primary school building. 

(3) One-quarter* of a block each for three churches, the denominations to be 
selected by a majority vote of those who may purchase the other forty blocks. 

(4) All the remainder to be invested in the erection and maintenance of the 

Then there followed a long agreement as to appraisement, selection and pay- 
ment of these lots. Purchasers were to meet 12 M., June 15, 1858, to make selec- 
tion of lots. It was also to be inserted in the deed that if owner permitted the sale 
of intoxicating liquors, or gambling, he would forfeit said lots for use of the 

Herman Mueller has in his possession one of these contracts made with Ira C. 
Walker, October 5, 1857, signed by William Heaton and Ira C. Walker. Said 
Heaton agreed that on the i8th day of June, 1858, or when the purchasers met 
to select said lots, that he would file a bond for $50,000.00, to faithfully dispose of 
funds coming into his hands by said sale of lots. Dalies* History states that in 
the summer of 1858 Mr. Heaton and quite a large number of citizens met on the 
ground, and speeches were made by B. F. Roberts and others, setting forth the 
great importance of a seminary of learning at this point, etc. 

"From some cause, the praiseworthy enterprise was abandoned and there is 
nothing to this day to show for the Town of Grandview but the stakes that were 
driven in the ground to mark the lots." Davies' History was published in 
1869, eleven years later. Mr. Heaton lived in Lee Township until about 1885 
or 1886, when he returned to Illinois, where he was a large property owner. He 
died several years ago. His son, Daniel Heaton, lived at Greenfield, Iowa, for 
many years ; another son, Abner, lived on the Lee Township farm and now lives 
at Greenfield. A son, Jester Heaton, lives at Winfield, Kansas. The old settlers 

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in Lee Township can relate many stories and anecdotes concerning the eccentrici- 
ties of "Uncle Billy'' Heaton. 

Worthington. — This town was laid out and platted by John Todd and George 
T. Nichols, November 5, 1857, and was recorded March 31, 1858. This plat 
consisted of eight blocks, four blocks on either side of the public highway running 
south of the present Worthington Church. The location is as follows: Com- 
mencing at the northeast comer of the southeast quarter of the northeast quarter 
of section 32, township 7*j, range 28, Madison Township, thence running east 
5.25 chains, thence south 21 chains, thence west 10.50 chains, thence north 21.05 
chains, thence east to the place of beginning. John Todd owned the west four 
blocks and G. T. Nichols the east four blocks. The land is at present owned 
by D. H. Tough and Christian Frey. Mr. Todd was an uncle of John M. Hurst, 
a son of Hiram Hurst, who was the first settler in Madison County. George T. 
Nichols was the father of Mrs. Walter Vance, of Winterset, and Vinton Nichols 
and Charles Nichols, who lived in Madison Township for many years. Some 
lots were sold in this new town as shown by the transfer book in the auditor's 
oflfice. Several dwelling houses were built, in which families lived, and also a 
store building was put up by John Todd and William Hudson, father of Tom 
Hudson, of Winterset, in 1859. Soon after Mr. Hudson died, so no store was ever 
conducted at that time. John Whitenack bought the store building and moved it 
to his farm and used it for a dwelling. Dave Parsons, Frank Clampitt and Wil- 
liam Clampitt lived in the town at one time. There were two blacksmith shops in 
this place at one time. The following is taken from the Madisonian, Vol. 2, No. 11, 
issued Saturday, September 18, 1858: 

"Worthington. — ^This is the name of a new town recently laid out in Madison 
Township, this county, through the enterprise of Messrs. Todd and Nichols, 
the gentlemanly proprietors. It is beautifully located on a smooth prairie on the 
State Road leading from our city to Panora, and about midway between these 
places. We expect in time it will make a thriving village. The place has lately 
received a new accession in the shape of a two-horse, big-fisted, double-breasted 
blacksmith, and he has thrown out a banter that he will wrestle or run with any 
man that wants his horse shod, and if he is thrown down (the other to take his 
choice of hold), or outrun, he will shoe the horse for nothing, but if he is the 
victor he is to have double pay. The match is to come off at Worthington next 
Saturday, and a large concourse will undoubtedly witness the fun." 

Possibly some of the old settlers can furnish the name of that blacksmith 
and tell whether the matcluever came off. 

A postoffice was established June 19, 1861, called North P. O., with Alexander 
Kirkland* as the first postmaster. On October 18, 1863, William H. Clampitt 
became the postmaster, holding his position until March 13, 1866, when George T. 
Nichols took over the responsibility. A. M. Clements received the appointment 
April 30, 1868, and the postoffice was discontinued August 4, 1869. This was 
about the time that the Rock Island Railroad was built west from Des Moines 
to Omaha. Earlham was laid out and a postoffice was established there. All 
hopes of building a town at Worthington had vanished now. However, the 
neighborhood still retains the name of Worthington. The plat was recorded in 
deed record "E'' on page 505. 

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The widow of George T. Nichols died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. 
Walter Vance, January 2, 1909. 

Some time about 1853 or 1854 the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad 
Company made their first survey from Davenport to Omaha, passing through 
Madison Township, south of the present road. Derrick Bennett having entered 
the northeast quarter of section 16, in 1852, and thinking that he would be the 
first to grasp the opportunity, laid out a town site on his land in 1854. He had 
the stakes set to hold the site, but the next survey of the railroad was made 
about a mile farther north than the first one, running up and along Bulger Creek, 
now the present line of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad, leaving Mr. 
Bennett's town out on the prairie. No notes of the surveyor were kept, so no 
record is to be found. All the information came direct from Mr. Bennett himself. 
He sold the farm in 1855 to "Uncle Billy'' Bamett, who lived on it until his 
death a few years ago. Mr. Bennett moved to Winterset, where he lived until 
a few years ago, when he went to Des Moines. He died recently at the home of 
his son. 

Peru. — This village is sometimes called "old Peru" to distinguish it from East 
Peru. Peru is not entirely lost nor forgotten, but with the building of the Great 
Western Railroad it dwindled from a hustling town to a place of only a few 
residences. Peru was laid out by Aaron and Sarah Hiatt, April 15, 1855, and the 
plat was recorded September 14, 1855, in Book "E," page ninety-five, Simmons 
Rutty, surveyor. It is located in the northwest part of the southeast quarter of 
section 3, Walnut Township, on the main road from Winterset to Osceola. Davies' 
History, published in 1869, states that this village had one store, one blacksmith 
shop, one cabinet and wagon shop, one shingle manufactory, one steam saw- 
mill, one church, fifteen or twenty private residences and about seventy in- 
habitants. A stone schoolhouse was in process of erection. 

In the Madison County History, published in 1879, it states that Peru had 
about one hundred inhabitants, that there was one good flouring mill built in 1875-6 
by Jesse Hiatt, at a cost of $11,500, and that the town had the following business 
houses : General stores, H. C. Wright and E. & J. D. Hilman ; blacksmith shops, 
William H. Barbary, S. N. Travis ; hotels, Illinois House, Peru House; physicians, 
N. M. Smith, Z. F. Burt, P. R. Lilley; wagon maker, T. T. Waechter; mechanic, 
W. P. De Witt; carpenter, Owen Deleplain. 

Two years before the town was laid out, a postoffice was established, April 
18, 1853, with B. F. Brown postmaster, who was followed in succession by Peter 
R. Lilley, December 29, 1858; B. F. Brown, March 20, 1866; J. P. Boyd, August 
14, 1866; H. C. Wright, May 25, 1868; William C. Smith, August 4, 1884; C. D. 
Clark, December 15, 1884; J. W. Likens, January 28, 1885 ; B. R. Rankin, Novem- 
ber 3, 1885 ; M. C. Lorimor, May 10, 1889; Mary E. Travis, April 26, 1890; J. W. 
Keller, June 10, 1895; R. F. Bush, April 8, 1896; William L. Hiatt, April i, 
1898; A. C. Turner, August 5, 1901. The office was discontinued with the estab- 
lishment of the rural free delivery, August 21, 1903. Today there is no business 
of any kind conducted in this village. Thus it has been demonstrated here, as in 
many other places, that the railways have been the making and unmaking of many 
a town. 

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By H. A. Mueller 

When the first settlers arrived here in 1846 they were many miles from 
either a saw or grist mill and were compelled to go to Oskaloosa or Parmalee's 
Mill in Warren County for com meal and flour, which at that time meant hard- 
ships and many risks. The mills were very primitive, being built of logs, covered 
with clapboards and floored with puncheons, but as the country began to settle 
there at once sprung up a demand for saw and grist mills. This article will only 
mention the mills run by water power, of which many were built in this county 
but have long since passed away. 

The first mill erected in the county was what was known as a corn cracker. 
It was erected in 1848 by Hart & Hinkle on the present site of Buffalo Mill. It was 
a rude affair, constructed of logs, and the dam was equally primitive, being made 
of brush. The burrs were made from boulders. Although grinding was slow, 
the service of this old mill in a measure met the demands of the settlers, especially 
during the hard winter of 1848-9. 

Some other mills were projected, as a clipping from the Iowa Star, published 
at Des Moines, shows. The correspondent probably was A. D. Jones, and his 
article reads as follows: "Winterset, April 30, 1850. There are already five mills 
in process of erection in Madison County, one of which has commenced grinding 
with one run of large burrs and is doing a good business. The proprietors are 
Messrs. Simmons & Casebier, and anticipate their sawmill will be in active 
operation some time during* the summer. This mill is situated on Middle River 
about a half mile south of the county seat (Buffalo Mill). 

"Mr. Jessup is building a grist, saw and carding mill on the stream about four 
miles below (Weller Mill). Mr. Bertholf has his building and draw partly done 
and will be able to grind and saw after harvest. This mill is also situated on 
Middle River, about two and a half miles from town (Afton Bridge Mill). John 
Hagy's sawmill would have been in full operation ere this had not sickness pre- 
vented (smallpox broke out among the workmen in this mill that boarded at 
Thornburgs). This mill is also situated on Middle River, about four miles from 
Winterset (at Drake's Ford, Lincoln Township), and yet another is building on 
North River, erected by William Combs, on section 12, Douglas Township. This 
county is certainly a very desirable place for a few skilful millwrights, who could 
undoubtedly obtain immediate employment." 

Thus it is seen by the above that within four years from the first settlement 
five mills were in process of building and about i860 many more were erected 
along the streams, which today are all gone and there is scarcely a mark left 
to show where once there was such busy life as usually existed in and about these 
industrial concerns. 


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Briefly, the location of these mills, who built them and when they ceased to 
be operated, will be mentioned. On North Branch of North River there was one 
mill — a sash, or what is known as an "up and down" sawmill, built by Jacob 
Riegle, about 1854-5. It was located on the northeast quarter of the southwest 
quarter of section 35, Jefferson Township, and cost a considerable sum of money. 
It did quite a bit of sawing but never proved a profitable investment. The mill 
was last run by John Wiggins, about 1872. He also had attached a burr and 
ground corn meal and feed. The structure was washed away about 1874. 


On North River, the first one on the east was David Barrow's com mill, sit- 
uated on the north half of the northeast quarter of section 2, Union Township. 
There is no longer a stream here but a bayou just below a small bridge. In 1854 
Mr. Barrows constructed a dam, put up a small shack and installed a run of 
burrs. The power was obtained from water. This continued to furnish meal for 
the neighborhood until about 1870. 


In 1877 Seth Barrow, son of David Barrow, built a water mill above the 
Eli Cox bridge, on section 5, Union Township. He sold out to Alfred Brittain in 
1879, who operated the mill until 1881, at which time the high water cut around 
the dam, when the mill was abandoned. 


The Combs mill, mentioned in the communication of Jones, was built by 
William Combs in 1849-50, near the west line of section 13, Douglas Township. 
This was an "up and down" sawmill and also com cracker. It was operated until 
1857. when the dam was washed out by the flood of that year. Jonathan Myers, 
son of Alexander Myers, was drowned below the old dam in 1853, while getting 
a grist ground; he had gone in bathing. Parts of the mill stood until 1858, and 
even later; some of the logs are to be seen today. The two burrs are in possession 
of O. L. Evans. 


The Sulgrove mill — a sash sawmill — was built in 1856, by the Sulgroves, on the 
south side of the stream on the north half of the southeast quarter of section 9, 
Douglas Township, above the present Sulgrove bridge. The mill was operated 
until 1868, when the dam was washed away. The frame of the mill was torn 
away in 1876 by the high waters. 

wood's MILL 

An "up and down" sawmill was built in the fall of 1851 by Gilbert D. Wood, 
on North River, just below the mouth of the Howerton; that is to say, on section 
17, Douglas Township. George B. Chase helped build this mill and operated it. 

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Wood & Chase made the wheel and Mr. Harlan built the frame work. The mill 
was operated until 1854, when it was destroyed by fire. 


Huglin's grist and sawmill stood on the south bank of the Middle River, about 
the center of the southeast quarter of section 35, in Crawford Township. It was 
built in 185 1 by John M. Johns and H. A. Bell. In 1852 John J. Bell and Abner 
Bell, Jr., brothers, ran it two years. It was later owned by Abner Bell, Jr., and 
George Jordan. Joachim Huglin bought it in 1866 and built the flouring mill, 
which continued to run until torn down and moved away in 1879. 


The Weller mill was a saw and grist mill, which was built by Solomon Jessup 
in 1850, on jection 35, Union Township. It was owned and operated in turn by 
Elisha Weller, Samuel Coltrane, Van Wiggins, A. F. Burger, James Cummins and 
John Wiggins, until finally purchased by White & Munger. John B. Lamb 
operated it until 1881, when the dam was washed away. 


Campbell mill, just above Holliwell bridge, was built in 1851 by Dan Camp- 
bell and Jghn Daugherty. Abner Bell and Aaron McKinzie helped on its con- 
struction. This was a sash sawmill and was purchased of the original owners 
in 1855 by Alexander Atkinson, who sold it to Messrs. Moore & Young in 1857. 
The purchasers were, respectively, uncle and father of ex-Recorder John T. 


The "Buffalo" mill was closely connected with the early history of Madison 
County. It was built by Hart & Hinkle as a com cracker. Later Simmons, 
Casebier & Thdmbrugh built a sawmill on the west side of the stream in 185 1 ; 
this was washed away. In 1851 William Compton bought the mill and to it added 
a grist mill with two run of burrs. He also ran a sawmill, in which he installed 
a carding machine. It finally became known as the Compton, or Buffalo mills, 
receiving the latter name, so it is said, by reason of Mr. Compton always appearing 
at his work enveloped in a buffalo overcoat. 

Compton continued to run the Buffalo mill until 1874 and to him it was a 
very profitable enterprise. People came for miles around to get their flour. 
Sheds were built to accommodate the customers and their teams, for it was 
necessary in those days for each settler to wait his turn to have his com ground. 
The mill was sold to Vermillion & Kleatsch and in the storm of 1880 was almost 
totally wrecked. C. D. Bevington bought Vermillion's interest and it was rebuilt. 
Mr. Kleatsch then sold his interest to W. H. Lewis. Many improvements were 
made to keep up with the times, but the investment proved a financial failure. 
The mill was sold to Moorehead and J. S. W. Cole and was operated by Thomas 
Pace. In 1886 the floods washed the dam away and the mill never again was 
rebuilt. A part of the stmcjture is still standing. 

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What is known as the Afton Bridge mill was built in 1850 by J. T. Bertholf. 
It was a grist mill. Bertholf sold to Joseph Wright, who added to the industry 
a sawmill. This property was located on the section line between sections 13 and 
14, Lincoln Township, and just north of the present Afton bridge. The sawmill 
was further down the river along a bayou, through which the mill race ran. 
Mr. Tomlinson bought it later of Mr. Wright and operated it for sonte time. 


The Brinson mill at Drake Ford was a water power mill, built in 1849, by 
David Hagge. He boarded with Absalom Thomburg and took down with the 
smallpox while building it, giving the disease to all the family except one son, 
George. This was the first circular sawmill in the county and stood east of Drake 
Ford bridge on section 15 east of the house now owned by J. E. Addy in Lincoln 
Township. Mr. Hagge sold to Craig Gaines and Mike Danner in 1851. Later 
Joseph Brinson, father of William Brinson, of Winterset, purchased it and 
operated the mill until the dam washed out. Brinson then sold the property to 
John Reed, who rebuilt the mill a short distance above and across Middle River, 
put in burrs and ground both wheat and com, besides sawing lumber. The dam 
washed out in 1864, which induced Reed to sell the machinery; the building 
was torn down and moved away. 


About the year 1859 John Harmon built what has since been known as the 
Backbone mill. It was an "up and down" affair, and got its power from the river 
by tunnelling a passage for the stream through the rock of the "backbone" to 
the wheel. Harmon sold to W. L. Wilkin and R. D. Vermillion in 1867, who put 
in a grist mill ; G. F. Kleatsch worked for them. This mill was run for several 
years by various owners until 1882, when Henry Evans bought it and operated 
it some time. The old mill has been lying idle the last fifteen years or more. 
In the meantime part of the structure was torn down but some of it is still standing. 


There was an "up and down'* sawmill built in 1866 by James Bertholf. It 
stood on the west side of Middle River, on the section line of sections 16 and 21, 
Lincoln Township. The machinery was brought from Andrew Bertholf's mill 
further up the river. Joseph Brinson bought the property in 1869, operated it a 
few years and then sold out to Linsey Macumber, who ran it three years and 
sold to Alex Macumber in 1872, who continued to operate it one year. The build- 
ing was washed away in the floods of 1876 while owned by D. Philbrick. 


Andrew H. Bertholf in 1854 built a sash sawmill, operated by water power, 
just below the present Linsey Bertholf bridge and near the center of section 

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17, Lincoln Township. This was run a few years; then the machinery was re- 
moved in 1866 and installed in the James Bertholf mill further down the river. 


The Hockenberry mill was an "up and down" waterpower sawmill and was 
built in 1855, in section 14, Webster Township, by M. C. Hockenberry and Paul 
Denning, but was not completed until 1856. The builders operated it up to the 
beginning of the Civil war, when Hockenberry sold his interest to Paul Denning, 
who continued therein until he sold to William and Mart Shoefflen, in 1868, who in 
turn sold to E. M. Roseman in 1870. Mr. Roseman operated the mill a few 
years and then lost it by floods. 


Charles Friend began the construction of a sawmill in 1854, M. C. Hocken- 
berry doing the construction work. It was completed by B. F. McAfFerty and 
Fred Mason, who had it in operation in 1856. They ran the mill about three 
years, when Otho Davis got possession, and added a set of burrs and ground 
com. Then in turn, as millers, came a Mr. Hoadley, Asbury Evans, Carl Sampson, 
George McVey, Rufus UUery, Mr. Hohn, and finally Mr. "Rogers. No sawing had 
been done for thirty years, and probably no grinding for fifteen years. About 
1903, or 1904, the building was still standing on the bank of Middle River, south 
of Webster, and about a quarter of a mile west of the public road running south 
of town. It was at that time decaying rapidly and the river had washed around 
the south end of the dam, leaving the mill on dry land. The machinery, however, 
was still in the building and all it needed, so it seemed, was repairing. This 
was the beginning of the last chapter in the history of the old Webster mill. 


About 1853, or 1855, Samuel Barker built a sawmill on Grand River, on sec- 
tion 17, Grand River Township, which afterwards became known as Barker's 
mill. It was operated about ten years, part of this time by Dr. J. H. Mack. It 
then .stood idle until about i860, when it became practically a ruin. About 1875 
George Everett put up a small building, constructed a wooden wheel and in this 
primitive mill ground com and chop feed. In 1877, Evan Doty and Captain Barker, 
son of Samuel Barker, bought the property, put in a thirty-six-inch Leffler turbine 
wheel and erected a new building. Here quite a milling business was conducted 
by the persons just named until 1889, when Alvin Griswold purchased the mill 
and in 1892 attached a circular saw and manufactured lumber. This mill was 
torn down a few years ago, and was the last water power mill run in Madison 


The Hiatt & Brown mill, in Walnut Township, was constructed in the fall of 
1852 by Aaron Hiatt and B. F. Brown. It was a sawmill, operated by water 

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Devil's Back Bone in rear, with tunnel underneath, which was dug by 
John Harmon and his three sons. It was completed in 1859. The mill was 
first used to saw lumber and later as a gristmill, which was operated until 
1904 when it was abandoned, and a few years ago was torn down. Henry 
Evans was the last owner and operator. 

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power, and stood on Clanton Creek, in section ii, about a half mile southeast of 
East Peru. The mill was completed in the summer of 1853 ^"^ was put together 
by F. S. J. Garroutte, of Winterset, later of Adel. All was in running order by 
the spring of 1854, when the wheel was found deficient, so a Johnston wheel was 
put in. This mill was owned and operated by Hiatt & Brown until about 1856, 
when Aaron Hiatt sold his interest to Elijah Hiatt, late of Truro, and father 
of Surveyor E. E. Hiatt. About i860 ^iatt sold his interest to John Steel and 
later bought B. F. Brown's interest, which he sold to Benjamin Reed about the 
close of the war. About the year 1868 the mill was washed away by high waters. 


Hartman & Downs' mill, west of Hanley, was begun in the year 1851 as an 
"up and down" affair, completed in 1853 ^"^ operated until some time during the 
sixties, when Dr. William Anderson, father of H. P. and E. K. Anderson, and 
an old practicing physician, bought, controlled and operated it until about 1869, 
at which time Elijah Collins bought a half interest in the enterprise. During 
the summer of 1871 the firm of Anderson & Collins rebuilt and improved the mill 
and was ready for operations in 1872, when M. I. Bean and E. Collins managed 
the business. In 1873 M. I. Bean purchased Collins' interest and continued to 
run the mill until 1876, when high water took out the dam. The property was 
then sold to R. A. Howard and his father, who built a new dam, but the Hoods 
again came and washed out the improvements, so the mill was abandoned in 1877. 
The site of Hartman & Downs' mill is a short distance west from Clanton Creek, 
and east of Bridgeport school house. 


What was known as the Phipps mill was built in 1866 by James Phipps, 
further up Clanton Creek, on section 2^, on land now owned by S. T. Johnston. 
The mill was completed in 1867 and subsequently Phipps sold half of his interest 
to Isaac Allen, and the balance to William Allcock later. About 1873 the new 
firm sold to R. M. J. Collins, who was proprietor of the mill until 1876, when 
the high waters destroyed it. 

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By A. J. Hoisington 


The natural resources of new countries provide liberally all the necessities for 
human existence, until such time as the pioneer may acquire, if diligent, a more 
reliable and convenient supply, better adapted to his previous habits and customs. 
The Indian was not destructive during his occupancy of the country and left 
for the \^itt man's use all the wealth of game and forest and soil, just as he had 
received it from Nature's bountiful hand. Thus, the pioneer settlers found in 
great affluence wild game and fish, the sweets of the bee and maple, and material 
for the building of the home. 

If the settler came during the spring or planting season of the year, usually 
his first employment was in planting such crops for which he was able to prepare 
the ground and then came the building of a log house ; meanwhile, "camping out" 
in the wagon or in a tent, for all were prepared for outdoor living. If he arrived 
at other than the spring time, house building was first in order of importance. 
The pioneer always settled either in a forest, or on the prairie border of one, 
but in the latter case a little way in the timber. And, if he was early enough 
to have choice of location, he selected a site facing the prairie to the south or 
east. In nearly every case the settler had been bom, raised and always lived 
in a heavily timbered country. But he found here far more prairie than timber 
and, instinctively, he seemed to know that, soon or late, he must use the prairie 
largely for farming operations. Thus, most of the early settlers sought to include 
in their "claims'' a piece of adjacent prairie land. 

The settlers of 1846-7-8-9 and 1850, without an exception, save that of Judge 
Pitzer, who built and lived in the first frame house in the county (in VVinterset), 
built and dwelled in log houses. These structures were of three general styles — 
of round or unhewn logs, hewn logs or built of "poles." Where the settler had 
time and help sufficient, he hewed the logs in the timber, where the trees were 
felled, and hauled or dragged them to the site of the house. Enough men were 
then notified on a certain day he would have a "house raising." It was considered 
that twenty men were necessary to quickly and safely "raise" a house. It was 
universally the rule that a notification of a "raising" was a "draft" on the services 
of the man notified for that whole day. He was not invited, requested, or even 
asked to attend ; he was simply notified. Of course, there might be some prior 
engagement that would prevent the "notified" person from being present and, 
for this reason, upon notification he was asked but one question: "Can you go?" 
During the first year or two so thin were the settlements that sometimes "drafted" 


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neighbors would have to go from eight to fifteen miles. The earliest settlers, 
along Jones Creek and Upper Clanton, came northward to Middle River for help 
and the pioneers of Webster and Jackson depended on the Winterset neigh- 

As the "raisings'* began early in the morning, so as to be sure of a finish by 
night, those from a distance must start before breakfast time at home. But 
as no breakfast was served at the "raising'' they must hustle out early. Some 
sort of a dinner, served in some sort of a manner — the best the newcomers could 
possibly do under the circumstances — came at noon. As a rule no supper was 
served and none expected. Of course no pay for the day's work was given or 
would have been accepted if offered. It was a duty each settler owed the new- 
comer in return for like service rendered him when he came to the country. 

The early settlers of this county were largely teetotalers, or very moderate 
users of intoxicants, and, therefore, it was the exception when whisky was fur- 
nished at these "raisings." When offered at all to those who chose to drink, 
moderation was the rule, since to take too much was dangerous to the others. 

The **raising" of a log house included the carrying up of the four sides, the 
gable end logs; proper placing of the cross poles, or logs which held the gable 
end logs in place, and to which the clapboards would be nailed or weighted down 
by poles, and such sills for the floor to rest upon as the owner chose. The door 
and window places and fire place were left for the owner to cut or saw out as 
he chose and the roof and floor he could add at his convenience. 

The "raising" of an unhewn log house was in the same manner. Generally, 
the owner would later employ an expert to hew the logs in the wall. Good hewers 
were rather scarce and if the owner could not hew, he had to build his house with 
the crude logs and hire a hewer when he could. Good hewers commanded higher 
wages than common woodsmen, and for hewing logs in the wall a still higher 
price was demanded,. it being more difficult and slower work ; besides, the logs when 
left for some time became more or less seasoned and consequently tougher. 

A *'pole" house was built of very large and straight poles, or small logs, 
never hewn, and otherwise built as regular log houses. Comparatively few were 
erected and they were far from desirable. They were intended but for temporary 
use as a habitation and eventually were turned into use as stables. 

Log houses cost little except in labor and often were completed without the 
expenditure of a cent. Nothing was bought — not even a nail, a window glass 
or a door hinge. In such case the roof was of clapboards, weighted down by 
large poles, laid from end to end of the roof across the lower end of each tier 
of boards ; the windows were of light colored paper, well oiled or greased ; the 
doors were "batten" ones, made of puncheon or clapboards, fastened together 
by wooden pins, and hung by wooden hinges. The fastening consisted of a wooden 

The old southern style of building two separate log houses, each complete and 
independent of the other, end towards end, and located from ten to sixteen feet 
apart, was sometimes adopted here. This design came in about 1 850-1 and was 
followed until about 1854. It was the period between the old style single log 
cabin, and the frame building era, that began in great earnest in 1855, when saw- 
mills became numerous. Upon the twin log houses, a chimney was built at the 
extreme ends of each compartment, the space between being boarded and a passage 

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way from house to house made by cutting a door through the middle of the adja- 
cent ends of the two log houses or compartments. This made lots of room. Some- 
times, from end to end on the front side of the building a covered porch was 
extended, usually with a small summer kitchen or a **spare'' bedroom at one end. 


The early settlers found the prairies covered by grasses that grew tall and 
coarse and rank, some kinds growing taller than a man. Some seasons the "blue 
joint" grew as tall as a man's head on horseback. The grass roots were large, 
coarse and matted the ground so closely that in places in the sloughs near the 
surface there were more roots than earth. Such places could not be broken 
by any plow the first settlers had. 

The very early settlers did not come prepared with plows and teams strong 
enough to break either the heavier prairie lands or the brush. Indeed, suitable 
plows were not then made in this region, nor until about 1850 did makers of 
plows begin to build them strong enough for such work. For several years after 
settlement began only the easily plowed pieces were brought under cultivation. 
In those days all kinds of plows were made at individual shops and wholly by 
hand. If a farmer needed any kind of a plow, he went to his favorite blacksmith 
and gave his order, to be filled when his turn came. But every blacksmith was 
not a plow maker. 

Thus, for three or four years the little fields of the settlers were mostly along 
the edges of the timber, where some trees could be deadened and later removed 
as they decayed, or there came leisure time to cut them down and burn them. 
And then close along the timber line, the grass sod was easier to break. It should 
be remembered that at first there was but very little or no brush — it was either 
timber or prairie — because the great, sweeping prairie fires kept down all kinds 
of undergrowth. 

The earlier settlers brought few horses or cattle, which led them to adopt 
the custom of "splicing" their team forces when breaking land. A little later 
on "breaking" became a business quite exclusively its own. Plowing had to be 
done at a certain season of the year, between May 20 and about July i, while the 
grass and brush grew most vigorously. As this was also the cultivating season 
of the year and com was the leading crop, a farmer could not both break and 
cultivate the same season. So that one or two men would rig up a suitable break- 
ing plow and with plenty of teams (always oxen), make contracts with those 
in the neighborhood wanting breaking done and continue the work during the 
breaking season. The price for breaking until 1870, when the custom mostly 
ceased, was around $3 per acre, for prairie land, and $4 to $5 for brush. Horses 
and mules were seldom used, and never on brush land, because they were too fast 
in their movements and not steady enough. Oxen were slow, steady going animals, 
stepping no faster when the draught was easy than when it was heavy. However, 
considerable of the prairie divide lands, the last broken in the county during the 
early '70s, were broken by horses and mules, because clear prairie and the sod 
had become much easier broken by long pasturage. 

The breaking plow of the period from 1850 to 1870 was made about as follows : 
The plowshare was 'of sufficient size to cut from 18 to 30 inches, according to 

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the strength of the team. Some moldboards were fashioned to deliver the sod 
smooth in the furrows and others to deliver it "kinked"; that is, throw the sod 
so the farther edge fell unevenly or kinky. It was claimed for the latter method 
that the sod would rot better and quicker. The quality of the team often depended 
upon the financial ability of the breaker but always on the kind of sod or brush 
land to be turned over. There were two "shares." One would last without sharp- 
ening about two days, unless there were rocks, gravel or extra hard roots, or the 
ground was too dry, when the "share" required sharpening daily. A fair day's 
breaking was from two to three acres. Two strong men were necessary, one to 
handle the plow and the other to drive the team. The latter wielded a big, kmg 
whip, the whip stock, usually hickory, being from six to ten feet long. The lash 
was of heavy braided leather and from ten to fifteen feet long, finished with a 
long buckskin "cracker." • 

The plow was strongly and heavily made in all its parts. Being much too 
heavy for a man to guide, a strong two-wheeled truck was attached, two or three 
feet back of the front end of the great long plow, which supported and steadied 
the beam. To guide the "share" into or out of the ground and regulate the depth, 
a strong lever was attached near the forward end of the plow beam, extending 
back over the trucks, where it was supported by a frame, and directly over the 
beam back to a little past the moldboard, easy of reach by the plowman, there 
being an upright piece of timber, fastened to the beam about half way between 
the point of the "share" and the moldboard extending upward about four feet. 
Through this upright were bored inch holes, about four inches apart. This upright 
passed through a mortise in the lever, or an iron strap attached to the lever. A 
wooden or iron pin held the lever in place. 

■ Attached to the beam, close to the point of the ."share," was the cutter, 
for many years always a heavy bar of steel, sharpened on the front edge. This 
kind was used up to the very last, in brush land, or where there was rock or 
much "red root." But in the later years, when smooth prairie was broken, th^ 
rolling style of cutter was generally used. It was like the modem disc, but 
without the bevel. 

To the front end of the plow beam was attached a great clevis, such an aflfair 
as young men seldom or never see nowadays. Common log chains were generally 
used, extending from ox yoke to ox yoke. For a i6-inch plow, three yoke of 
oxen were usually required; for a larger plow, of course, more were necessary, 
or if the brush was too heavy. A 24-inch plow was about the limit in size and this 
required six or seven yoke of good oxen. Farmers preferred furrows, on brush 
land, from eighteen to twenty inches wide, and on prairie, sixteen inches. The 
writer never has heard of a man driving a breaking team of oxen through a season 
without having exploded volumes of profanity. In all polite and religious circles 
of that period it was expected and excused. 


During the first few years very few bedsteads were brought from former 
homes by the settlers. As soon as the log cabin was covered two 2-inch auger 
holes were bored into the logs, the proper distance from one comer for the 
length and breadth of the bed, a round or squared post for the other comer 

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support prepared, into which like holes were bored ; round poles were fitted into 
these holes for bed railings — and the bedstead was completed. Bed ropes were 
always brought along. Sometimes pole cross-pieces were fastened to the logs 
or wooden pins along the logs, to which was fastened the inside section of the 
bed rope, and thus was made ready for the bed clothes. To economize space, 
trundle beds were made to fit under each bed of standard height. These were 
for the children, but often were used by "grown-ups." 

In those primitive days nearly every family kept a flock of geese. The very 
early settlers usually brought along a pair of geese, sometimes more, which 
traveled along with the cattle and sheep while moving. These furnished feathers 
for beds and the woman who could boast of the largest number of feather beds 
stood supreme among the women of the neighborhood. A. J. Hoisington says 
he heard his mother, as late as 1859, ^^^ a neighbor woman one day talking 
feather beds and then he learned that Mrs. Brown, who lived in JeflFerson Town- 
ship, on section 36, and was a member of the pibneer family of that community, 
had sixteen feather beds. Each woman, characteristically, excused herself by 
saying, *'Mrs. Brown had every chance, since she lived on the banks of North 
River, where it was no trouble to raise geese/' Every family who could afford 
them slept in winter between two feather beds. To say of a family, "Why, they 
haven't a feather bed in the house?" was to express the direst poverty of their 
condition. Until comparatively late years if the parents failed to give a newly 
married daughter a good feather bed it became the talk of the neighborhood. 

During the first fifteen years nearly every family kept some sheep and thus 
woolen bed clothes were abundant. With a plentiful combination of feathers 
and wool on a bed in those days one never thought of the homely style of the 


Probably neither a heating nor cooking stove was in Madison County until 
1850. At that time the stove was not in common use in the eastern and more 
settled sections of the country, outside of towns and cities. The price of stoves 
was relatively high and the plan on which they were built was the simplest imag- 
inable. The old time box heating stove was a rectangular iron box, with a door 
in the front end, within an inch as wide and high as the whole end, and had a 
small hearth with a slide cover. Through the top, as near as possible to the rear 
end, was a hole over which rested the stovepipe; the top had no other opening. 
The stove was supported by four heavy, detachable, feet or legs. Cookstoves 
were not large, but very heavy, and all were made of cast iron. They had narrow 
hearths, with sliding cover and shallow ash pit. The fire box was without grating ; 
it had a door at one end nearly the size of the fire box. Next back of the fire 
box and extending a foot below was the oven, the bottom portion of which 
extended under the fire box. The oven had a shelf midway of the top and 
bottom. Between the top of the stove and top of oven was a space of some 
two inches, which exposed the top of the oven to the heat and besides allowed 
the smoke to pass on to the opening for the stovepipe. The stovepipe hole was 
in the center of the stove on its top. Across the width of the stove, in front of 
and next to the stovepipe hole, was a sliding damper. When the damper was 

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open the smoke and heat went direct to the pipe; when closed, the smoke and 
heat were thrown down a vacuum, back of the oven, and then the smoke passed 
back and up the chimney, thus increasing the heat at the back end of the oven and 
lessening the draft up the chimney. 

In 1855 a cook stove cost from $40 to $80 at Mississippi River towns. Very 
few heating stoves were sold at that time, the price ranging from $20 up, according 
to size. 

William Compton brought the first large heating stove to Winterset in 1850, 
which was set up in his store room. In the fall of 1851 he sold it to the old 
Guiberson school district in Union Township. It was two feet high, three feet 
wide and four and a half feet long. It probably was the largest stove ever in 
use in the county. 

John A. Pitzer brought the first cook stove when he moved to Winterset in 
1850. Slowly other stoves, both for cooking and heating, were brought into 
the county and by 1855 became comparatively of common use. 


The boots worn by the early settlers were coarsely made. Women's shoes 
were of much the same rude material Indeed, women and g^rls often wore 
men's boots, especially in snowy and muddy weather. The foot wear was bought 
ready made at the stores and seldom were mended, but worn as long as they 
held together. Women and children usually went "barefoot" from early spring 
to late in the fall. Men also followed this practice in the season of the year 
when their work admitted it. Men, women and children roamed over the prairie, 
through brush and timber, in their bare feet when it seemed impossible for human 
endurance, and many women and children, whose work did not require protracted 
hours in the cold and snow, wore no shoes during the winter, substituting for 
them home made moccasins fashioned out of remnants of woolen clothes. Cash 
was always required to buy boots and shoes, and that was generally scarce and 
often impossible to obtain. A pair of boots or shoes was the limit of affluence 
for nearly all persons in the county. Going "barefoot" was necessary, if not 
popular. There was no caste or exclusiveness in the pioneer days of Madison 
County and necessity established customs. So that when one neighbor tried to 
"lord it over" another, means were at hand to discipline the culprit. Often even 
large girls were laughed out of wearing shoes at summer school. The "barefoot" 
scholars set the "pace" and insisted on it being observed by all. It was common, 
during the 'sos, to see women and men at religious meetings in their bare feet. 
This all seems strange to us nowadays ; but necessary economy in all things then 
required sacrifices of this character. 

In most country neighborhoods there was some one who mended boots and 
shoes — cobblers they were called. Once in a while a farmer, who mayhap had 
worked in an eastern tannery, would make a try at tanning a few hides at home 
for himself and neighbors. The leather turned out proved of inferior quality, 
but as it cost nothing but labor to produce and the raw hides were cheap, the 
stuff answered many purposes. 

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The first blacksmith in the county was Ephraim Bilderback, who settled in 
1846 near the center of Scott Township, bringing with him a small supply of tools, 
besides a bellows and anvil. He was appointed the organizing sheriff and was 
elected first sheriff of Madison County. There was, of course, very little black- 
smith work to do in 1846, that being the year in which the first settlements of the 
county were made. Later, he did not care to work much in his smithy and before 
he left, in the early '50s, abandoned the bellows and anvil entirely. 

In 1850, the year following the location of Winterset, blacksmiths opened 
up in town, doing the work for the county several years, after which, owing 
to the largely increased population and greater demand for work, neighborhood 
shops opened in distant portions of the county. By 1856 there were several shops 
in and outside of Winterset. 

Before 1865 the blacksmith made everything required by his customers, out of 
bar iron or steel ; horse shoes and nails were pounded out by hand. Until about 
i860 charcoal alone was used by the smiths in this county. 


At the first and until sawmills began to cut the native timber into lumber, about 
1850, there was no employment for mechanics in wood work. Buildings were 
all of logs and the finishing of them was of the rudest kind. The pioneers were, 
with rare exceptions, all farmers, and the exceptions readily adapted themselves 
to that industry. 

As sawmills increased and people began to use the lumber for houses and 
other purposes, workmen in wood appeared. Some were carpenters, who could 
build a house but were unable to put in doors, windows or do the finer work 
inside or outside; this class of work belonged to "joiners" and there were many 
more carpenters than joiners. Ready made doors or windows were not in the 
market, so that all had to be made by the hand of some local joiner out of native 
lumber. Unless a carpenter and joiner had the contract, a carpenter would do 
the rough work and the joiner finished the job ready for the plasterers. During 
the middle '60s ready-made doors and windows came on the market at Des Moines 
and a few years later were on sale in smaller towns. This nearly ended the trade 
of joiners and since then the carpenter and joiner, as such, rarely has been 
h^ard of. 


Prairie grass was the only kind of stock feed, except grain, for about twenty 
years after the county was settled. Until the advent of mowing machines, near 
the middle '60s, the grass was cut with a scythe. This was a slow process, but 
generally the grass was heavy on the bottom lands and in the prairie sloughs. 
Until about i860 the upland grass was not mown, although it was a finer quality 
for hay than bottom or slough grass. It cut much less to the acre and was 
neglected until the quantity on the bottom lands, and increased number of stock, 
made the use of it necessary. 

It is very often the case that the over-abundance of a supply in its raw state 

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results in great scarcity in its prepared state, through negligence to prepare and 
wastefulness after preparation. Thus with a wilderness of prairie grass it was 
often that in the spring hay was scarce and very high in price. Occasionally, 
a considerable migration through the county or influx of settlers would cause 
scarcity and high prices. If either of these came in the spring, when otherwise 
there was a shortness of supply, woe unto the man who had to buy, if he had the 
money, or pity for his stock if he had not! In the spring of 1850-1, during the 
California travel through the county, wild hay sold as high as $40 and $50 per 
ton, and many were unable to purchase at any price. Settlers hauled hay as far 
as a day's travel one way to the roads over which the caravans were passing, went 
into camp and sold out their hay as they could, and then returned home feeling 
highly remunerated for their time. In selling hay those days, if the whole load 
was not '^lumped off/' it would be disposed of by the armful, or the seller would 
size up the physical ability of the buyer to carry hay, and then offer him as much 
as he could carry in his arms for so much. A man can never properly estimate 
the amount of hay he can carry until he has some experience in thus measuring 
hay at the rate of $50 a ton. 

At the period of this great scarcity and demand, and at some later and similar 
periods, settlers mowed the previous year's grass, mixed it with the new hay, 
and sold it. Rank fraud and swindle as it was, often the buyer had to take it 
that way or go without hay for his hungry team. Some twenty years later, a 
very elderly and pious farmer, then in this county and well off, at least in this 
world's goods, bragged to a neighbor, pointing to a fine eighty acres of well culti- 
vated land he owned, that he entered it all with money obtained by selling Cali- 
fomians "last year's" grass, cut in the spring and mixed with good hay. He even 
set up justification for his reprehensible acts, repeating the same old argument: 
"Others were doing likewise. I may as well have their money as the other 

It is remembered that in March, 1859, even poor prairie hay sold at $20 
per ton and some people hauled it several miles besides. This, notwithstanding 
prairie grass was unusually abundant the year before. Two or three times, in 
the last thirty years, tame hay and clover have reached tall figures, to be sure, 
but the product did not grow wild, and without limit, on almost (at that time) 
valueless land. 

Wild hay was put up in this manner : The grass was mown with a scythe, left 
two or three days in the swath to cure, forked into small piles, and when abun- 
dantly dried, hauled home and stacked. Often times the mown hay was raked 
together and then pitched into piles. However, danger from prairie fires and 
theft generally prevented stacking where cut. Grass that would not make from 
three to five tons per acre was not considered worth cutting during the first 
ten or fifteen years. 



Preparations for the burial of the dead in the very early days were simple 
and cheap. At first there were no sawmills for the making of lumber and none 
was brought by the immigrants. On rare occasions some one had a whip saw, 
with which to make a few rough boards. Up to the time when small water-power 

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sawmills began to turn out rough boards, coffins were made out of such crude 
material. Sometimes, for small children or infants, coffins were made of the 
bark of trees, by one who understood the business, and were rather neat affairs. 
Sometimes **puncheon'' boards, made by splitting straight-grained logs into strips 
as thin as possible and then hewing them smooth, were good material for the 
purpose. Occasionally, a portion of a wagon box was cut up and used, or a box 
in which articles were packed by the family and brought into the country. In 
a few cases, willows were woven into basket form, with a lid, and used for small 
children. It is known that in two or three cases, the children being quite small, 
two suitably sized logs, cut to proper length, were hollowed out, like large maple 
sap troughs, in which a body was laid in one and covered by the other. Auger 
holes were bored through each end of the two troughs and wooden pins inserted, 
thus securely binding together the two portions of the rude but substantial 

By 1850 the local lumber supply began to furnish material for coffins and 
there were carpenters enough in the country to make them. In every considerable 
community there was at least one carpenter, who made a specialty of supplying 
coffins for that neighborhood, always keeping on hand seasoned black walnut 
lumber for the emergency. In case of a death, the deceased was measured and 
an order sent to the favorite carpenter and it was the unwritten law that the 
carpenter, upon receiving an order for a coffin, should drop any work he had 
on hand, except it was a similar one, and forthwith finish the order, which 
usually required one day. The body of a deceased person, as a rule, was kept 
over one whole day and buried the next. If the day following the death happened 
to be a Sunday, the carpenter made the coffin on that day, regardless of the artisan's 
religious convictions relative to working on the Sabbath. In such cases, making a 
coffin was not considered as labor, but as a Christian duty due from any neighbor 
in assisting in the burial of the dead. After 1850, and for several years, the usual 
charge for making a coffin ranged from nothing up to an exchange of work, 
**time for time,*' the family of the deceased, in the same manner, paying for the 
lumber, and sometimes furnishing it. In Winterset, professional coffin makers 
charged from $2 to $5, according to the size and style of finish. In these primitive 
(times now in mind, there were no extras to a coffin. The wood work and (later) 
screws were all. At the very first, when lumber began to be plentiful, many coffins 
were plain boxes, the same size from end to end. Soon afterward, however, they 
were all made about in the proportion of two thirds the width of the body for the 
head and one-half the body for the feet; no handles were attached. The top 
was all of one piece, which was nailed to the receptacle at the beginning, but later 
screws were used. The top, usually, was not nailed or screwed down until the 
last thing before lowering the coffin into the grave. At the bottom of the grave 
a deeper depth was dug, in size just long and wide and deep enough to hold the 
;Coffin. Then over it a single layer of rough boards was placed crosswise the 
length of the grave. Upon the death of a person, one or two neighbors were 
asked to dig the grave, the person representing the family having already selected 
the place in the burial ground. No charge was made for the work and after the 
body was lowered into place, volunteers remained to refill the grave. 

Usually some kind of brief religious services were conducted in connection 
with the burial proceedings, by a preacher, if one was convenient, or by some 

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elderly person of the neighborhood of kindly and religious bent. As for several 
years there were very few public places for gatherings, and at first none at all, 
funerals were held direct from the late home of the deceased to the burying ground. 
A prayer and a hymn or two at the house, a procession of neighbors in wagons 
or on horseback to the grave, a similar short service at the grave, and the cere- 
monies were at an end. It was customary, even among non-religious families, 
to arrange with a minister to preach the funeral sermon at a later date. Because 
of the scarcity of ordained preachers and their prior engagements, sometimes 
these funeral sermons were not delivered for weeks or even months, and in rare 
cases over a year might elapse between the funeral and the sermon. 

In nearly every instance the body of the deceased was kept one whole day 
and two nights. Watchers for the night were arranged by the neighbors. During 
the very early years, generally, families were quite a distance from each other, 
and often couriers had to be sent to inform them of a death. Assistance, if 
needed, was plainly asked and always promptly given. Even if neighbors were 
not on friendly terms there was not the least hesitancy about asking for or 
receiving assistance in case of a death, no matter when they had ceased to be on 
speaking terms. The occasion of a death often restored friendly relations between 
neighbors. In those times two of the watchers always remained close to the 
deceased, one at each end of the casket. This close watch was for the double 
purpose of protecting the body from attack by rodents, or other enemies, and to 
detect any sign of life, but the custom has long since disappeared from this section 
of the country. 


The prairie settlers were in great danger of prairie fires, between the time 
the frost killed the grass in the fall and the coming of the snows of winter, and 
from the going of the snows toward spring and the growth of new grass. The 
grass grew generally from two to eight or ten feet high and very thick on the 
ground. The settlers were confined to the timber belts along the streams and 
their little fields furnished but little if any obstruction to a big prairie fire. At 
first, there was little or no brush and a belt of timber, unless of much width, would 
not stop it. With a high wind a prairie fire would advance at a speed now 
unbelievable, in most cases almost as rapid as the wind, because the wind would 
carry sparks and blades of burning grass through the air, igniting the grass 
long distances ahead of the body of the conflagration, thus continually starting 
new fires ahead. On an open prairie, before a high wind, no horse could run 
fast enough to keep up with it. Such rapidly moving fires, however, were only 

Early in the fall it was the supreme but oft neglected duty of a settler to bum 
wide fire guards around the exposed sides of his improvements. These guards 
were made by first plowing three or four furrows next to the improvements, 
and another set of furrows several rods on the prairie side. Sometimes the 
latter furrows were not plowed. Then the first very calm spell that came the 
whole family, if large, or two or three neighbors, were called on, and the grass 
outside the inner furrows was set on fire in one place, close to the inner furrows, 
if no outside furrows were plowed, or if plowed the fire was set further out. 

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Each person was supplied with hazel, willow or other small bundles of switches, 
easy to wield with the two hands. One person would extend the firing line slowly 
and cautiously, because the wind might prove treacherous and blow quite sud- 
denly from any direction. When the fire had burned back far enough, it was 
whipped out with the switches. And thus the work proceeded until the fire guard 
was finished. Usually, burning fire guards was done some windless evening 
and often lasted imtil far into the night. 

Besides accidents caused by a sudden rising of the wind, or n^ligence in 
whipping out the last spark, once in a while inexperienced settlers would attempt 
the work alone. Soon after David Cracraft, of Union, a large wheat grower 
and flouring mill man of his period, came here in 1847 he put up a large amount 
of fine hay, which was exposed to prairie fires. He plowed, a fire guard around 
the stacks and had sent for some neighbors to help bum a strip outside the plowed 
ground. As was his custom, he got in a hurry, and started a fire at a considerable 
distance back from the plowed furrow, while a light breeze was blowing toward 
the hay stacks. As the fire increased in volume, the wind increased in force, 
as always it does around a prairie fire, and when the blaze reached the furrows, 
sparks blew across and ignited the hay stacks ; Cracraf t's neighbors arrived in 
time to see them all bum. He was a tenderfoot on the prairie but leamed his 
lesson well. He had a lot of stock and was compelled to buy hay until grass 

In spite of all preparations against prairie fires quite occasionally the guards 
would be jumped by sparks of flying leaves, grass, or rolling, tumbling weeds. 
Tumbling weeds were greatly in evidence in those days and were the cause of 
great danger in times of fire. They grew to great size, several feet in diameter. 
Before a high wind they would roll many miles, or until they reached timber 
or some obstruction like a fence. In case of a prairie fire they carried flame a 
long distance over burned or plowed ground. 

Among the great fires in the county was one that came down Coon divide 
from the northwest about the year 1850. The wind, shifting more northerly 
as it approached Lee Township, jumped North River at several points between the 
four comers of Jefferson, Lee, Union and Crawford townships and the mouth 
of Cedar, burned over the divide to Cedar, jumped that stream and made its 
way clear to the banks of Middle River in Crawford Township. It swept Coon 
divide far down toward the Des Moines River and did much destruction to 
fences, even on Middle River. 

These fires were constantly a menace to improvements — until the early '60s — 
along the divide south of Middle River, along both sides of Grand River, along 
the divide between North and Middle rivers and all along Coon divide. The 
danger rapidly decreased as the prairies began to settle up. 


The California travel across this county was along four routes or roads during 
the years 1849, 1850, 1851 and 1852. The route more largely followed was then 
known as the "North Fort Des Moines road," being the one staked out by the 
Guyes and their companions while on their way to Des Moines to vote in August, 
1846, elsewhere described; and later a portion of the state road from Des Moines 

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to Indiantown in Cass County. This road was followed up to section i6 in Union 
Township, thence westerly along the dividing ridge of Cedar and North River 
into Douglas and on to the western portion of the county, where it joined the 
route west from Winterset in Jackson Township. This route was selected by 
one Clark of Council Bluffs, who, early in 1849, had passed along posting printed 
notices giving the advantages of this route, directions to follow and special 
places where hay and com were in supply. The next important route followed, 
entered the county a mile northeast of where St. Charles now stands, passed 
Joel Clanton's house, crossed the early time ford above the present Clanton 
bridge, westerly along the old time road on "Hoosier prairie" to old "Buffalo 
Mills" on Middle River, and up the hollow to Winterset. As to the latter place, 
there usually was abundant feed for sale. The third route in importance was the 
dividing ridge road between Middle River on the south side and North River 
and Cedar on the north side to Winterset, at which point it united with the In- 
dianola and Knoxville road, continuing westerly along the crest of the divide to 
Middle River, crossing in Adair County. The fourth barely touched this county 
along its north line, following the Coon on the south side and on westward, 
passing around the head of North Branch in Penn Township. There was less 
feed supply along this route and less water and timber. Thus it was not a 
favorite route, although a few miles shorter than its competitors. After leaving 
Madison County the feed supply was slim until the traveler reached Council 
Bluffs. But as the wagon trains outfitted and started on their way at such time 
in the spring as to reach this portion of the journey about the time grass was big 
enough to satisfy the trains, no dry feed was necessary beyond. 

People nowadays can have little idea of the magnitude of the overland travel 
in the years of the gold excitement. Along in the middle of May to the first of 
June hundreds of teams, usually drawn by two, three or four yoke of oxen each 
spring passed along this way bound for the land of gold. In 1850, in one day 
during the latter part of May, 105 wagons passed through Winterset. Often 
at the Middle River crossing near the west of the county, over two hundred teams 
were in camp at one time. The price of com in 1849 ^"^ 1850 was frequently $2 
a busjiel, and while sometimes it was less, at other times it was whatever the 
seller chose to ask. Hay sometimes reached as high as $50 per ton. The first 
two years, however, $20 may be considered to have been an average price. 
Farmers hauled their surplus corn and hay for miles to the roads where they 
waited for the expected trains of emigrants. If the trains had been fortunate 
in laying in a supply on the way the leaders had the best of the situation and 
"jewed" the farmers down to a reasonable price; if not supplied, the farmers' 
prices for forage were set to fit the emergency. 

This California travel afforded the only market, and a remunerative market, 
to the farmers during those years. And the best of it was that it gave them gold 
and silver, the only kind of money the Government would accept for entry of 


During the first twenty years of the settlement of the county, country people 
and most of those even in town moved about in one of three ways — in wagons, on 

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horseback, or on foot. If a man and his family were going to meeting, to town 
or elsewhere, he hitched up a team of horses, if he had one, or else his yoke of 
oxen. As late as i860 there have been counted the teams driven to a religious 
meeting, and oxen were in the majority. Up to i860, perhaps, there were but three 
family carriages in the whole county, outside of Winterset, and very few there. 
Buggies were unknown in the country for use. 

During that period with country people the most genteel way of moving 
around was on horseback. Of course the horses were what are now called ^*plugs,'' 
and worked in harness most of the time. Nor were saddles to be found at every 
house. Probably not a third of the farmers owned a saddle until after i860. 
But nearly every farmer owned at least one horse — about nine out of ten. 
Riding bareback was so common that one with a saddle was apt to be particularly 
noticed, that is the saddle was. And if a man got a new saddle it was the talk 
of the neighborhood and the owner became the cynosure of all eyes; and these 
were some of the questions put to him: "What did you have to pay for it?" 
"Where did you get it?" "Does it ride easy?" "Can I use it one day next week 
to try it, since I have been thinking of buying one myself ?" and a score of other 
excited and anxious queries. Borrowing saddles was a great custom and cases 
have been known where a man would walk two miles to borrow a saddle, and 
carry the saddle home on his back, so he might, for the pride of riding in the 
"thingumbob," make a horseback trip of but three miles to meeting. Generally 
the temptation in such cases to fib about the ownership was not overcome by the 
preacher's sermon. Usually, the borrower modified the statement by saying he 
was "on a trade" for it and was trying it. 

The great ambition of every young woman was to own a side-saddle. Com- 
monly, they rode bareback and were experts. One with a new side-saddle rode 
as in a balloon. The difference was observable between the girls who had a new 
one and she who rode her mother's old saddle — the one with a new saddle care- 
fully displayed all of it she could, while the one using her mother's old one was 
equally as careful to conceal the trapping with her riding skirts. For a ragged 
and faded old side-saddle was far from a thing of beauty. 

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By A. J. Hoisington 

The first road petition was considered by the Commissioners' Court of Mad- 
ison County, October 2, 1849, 2i"d the following order made: 

"That the petition of Enos Berger and others for a road commencing at the 
north end of Front street (street next east of the square) in the Town of Win- 
terset, in Madison County, to run thence on the nearest and best route to the east 
line of said county in the direction of Fort Des Moines be granted and the fol- 
lowing gentlemen be appointed viewers : Silas Bams, Esq., Isaac Clanton, John 
Willdnson, and that A. D. Jones be appointed surveyor on said road. Road 
bond of A. D. Jones and S. B. Casebier filed previous the granting of said petition. 
And that said viewers and surveyor shall meet at the Town of Winterset on the 
first day of November, 1849, ^^ within ten days thereafter, to commence said 
view and survey, and proceed otherwise according to law." 

The petition was signed by the following persons : E. Berger, William Comp- 
ton, William Phipps, A. D. Jones, Joshua Casebier, William Stephenson, Leonard 
Bowman, A. D. Jones (twice signed it), William Gentry, J. K. Evans, James 
Thombrugh, John Butler, David D. Henry, J. C. Casebier, William Combs, P. M. 
Boyles, G. W. McQellan, Samuel B. Casebier, Major Farris, David McCarty, 
Alfred Rice, S. Bams. (Forgoing is the spelling of their names as signed.) 

This eflFort for a highway went no further — was unpopular, and was antag- 
onized by those settlers north of Cedar and on North River and northwest of 
town, who wanted the Des Moines road located along a route making northeast 
to Brown's Ford on North River (in southeast comer of Jefferson Township) 
and on by Badger Grove to the fort. Besides, effort was made by those on 
Clanton Creek and by those located around what came later to be "Buf- 
falo,** on Middle River, southeast of town, to establish the main highway 
from the east along that route. In those days and for a long period later great 
effort was made to establish a road and commercial center where St. Charles 
now is. But A. D. Jones, George McClellan and others then much interested along 
the divide between Cedar and Middle River, renewed their effort and on January 
8, 1850, Jones presented another petition, which was granted, and Asa Mills, 
D. H. Whited and Samuel B. Casebier were appointed viewers, with Jones as 
surveyor, to meet and locate the road on the fourth Monday in March, 1850. 
This effort died "a bomin" and got no further. 

Again, July 18, 1850, Enos Berger and others petitioned for a road "forty 
feet wide, beginning at the east end of Court Avenue, in Winterset, and mnning 


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easterly to the former residence of A. D. Jones (now Tileville), thence following 
the dividing ridge to the top of the same westerly of the house of G. W. McClel- 
lan, thence northeasterly to a place west of where the California track passes 
said house, thence east to a ridge that leads directly to the dividing ridge, thence 
along said ridge, passing the house of John Carroll, where the California track 
passes said house, thence the nearest and best route for a road along said dividing 
ridge to the county line, in the direction of Dudley on the Des Moines River." 

This petition was granted also and the following viewers appointed : Charles 
Wright, William Combs, Irvin Baum, with A. D. Jones, surveyor, who were to 
meet the first Monday in September, 1850. Finally, October 7, 1850, William 
Combs and Irvin Baum certified that on September 9th they had "viewed and 
established*' said road and found it ^'of public utility" and that the distance was 
twelve miles and twenty chains (i2j4). Scarcely a foot of the present road 
is on the line then located but it was the foundation route for the present one. 
The field book of that survey shows that it ran from the east end of Court Avenue, 
passed east of Wilhoit's fence, north to T. Spencer's field to the second mile post 
east of Bird's Grove, on south of Blair's field, to a "stump south of I>eshaser's 
former residence;" on to the fourth mile tree of white oak, and on from one 
tree to another to a place described as "last of slough;" on through "thicket 
timber" to "Carroll's timber," to seventh mile post on prairie in (now) Crawford 
Township, on to the east county line. The route may be easiest described as 
following the top of the dividing ridge from Winterset to the Warren County line. 
At the county line it tied on to a road extending easterly to Linn Grove, in War- 
ren County, on North River. 

The route of this road was already much traveled and had been used since 
April 30, 1846, when the Guye colony made the first wagon tracks from Linn 
Grove to near the county line and on the following day from there to the timber, 
near the township line between (now) Union and Crawford townships, north- 
westerly of the future Patterson, following the crown of the ridge all the way, 
at which point the colony diverged northwesterly down the long ridge through 
the timber and crossed to the north side of Cedar Creek. It is not known who 
drove the first wagon from the point where the Guyes left the ridge up the 
divide through the timber to near Winterset, but it i? probable that it was the large 
colony which arrived near Winterset a very few days after the Guyes came, 
and consisted of Philip and McDonough (Thomas) Boyles, John Butler, Asa 
Mills, Lemuel Thombrugh and others. 

This route became the first one traveled any considerable distance from east 
to west in Madison County. Its history since the eventful days of April 30 and 
May I, 1846, when the Guye colony made the first trace, is a long and important 

The Commissioners' Court rarely held a session that a petition or petitions 
for new roads did not appear for the consideration of that body. And, this is not 
a matter for wonder, as the country was practically in a state of nature, and 
highways were absolutely necessary — in fact, one of the first requisites to the 
consummation of settlement. The opening and making of roads was an ex- 
tremely important matter to the founders and builders of the county, and 
for that reason petitioners for a road always got a ready and considerate hearing 
by the commissioners. Among other early roads viewed and laid out in Madison 

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County may be mentioned the following, as appears of record in the minutes of 
the Commissioners' Court: 

At the October term, 1850, **the petition of Jesse Young and others, asking 
for a road commencing at the county line of Madison, east of Joel M. Clanton's 
farm, running thence the nearest and best route to Winterset, be granted, and 
the following persons were appointed viewers thereof, to wit : Absolom McKinzie, 
S. Barns and John Dorrell ; and Simmons Rutty, surveyor, all to meet at the house 
of J. M. Clanton on the first of November, 1850, or within five days thereafter." 

January term, 1851. Ordered, ^That the road commencing at the east end 
of Court Avenue in the Town of Winterset, Iowa, and running thence by way of 
George McClellan's and John CarrolFs to the east line of the County of Madison 
be established and made a lawful highway." 

April term, 1851. Ordered, *That the petition of Charles Wright and others, 
calling for a road commencing in the Town of Winterset, Madison County, Iowa, 
to run thence south 80 rods, thence on the most practicable route to or near 
Bertholf's Mill, on Middle River, thence on the most practicable route on the 
south line of the county in the direction of Pisgah, be granted, and that Samuel 
Peter, J. M. Watson and Silas Barns be appointed viewers, and Simmons Rutty 
surveyor of said road, who shall meet at Winterset on the first Monday of June, 
A. D. 1851, or within five days thereafter, and proceed to view and survey said 
road according to law." 

The above are but samples of the legislative work accomplished by the law- 
making bodies of Madison County during its formative period. To enumerate 
all the "petitions for roads granted and rejected would be a heavy and thankless 
task, and not at all interesting to the general reader. For these reasons no 
further space will be given to the subject. ' 


The most famous of Madison's highways is the BluflFs road, so named, some 
one will say, because there is not a hill on it. The BluflFs road really got its 
name from Council BluflFs. In the old day this was the road to Council BluflFs, 
over which the stage line ran. It used to be called the "Council BluflFs Road." 
Later they dropped it to "The BluflFs Road," and now it goes by the name of 
"The BluflF Road." 

The BluflF road runs through a country of fine flat farms. The beauty of the 
country it traverses is apparent to all. The land rolls gently ; the soil, the incom- 
parable black soil, three or four feet deep, makes the farms unequaled for fer- 
tility. The BluflF road today is a fine, well graded county highway on which one 
drives for miles between fine farms. Eight miles out of Winterset you strike the 
first hill at the old Ham Lee farm. From there on to Middle River the country is 
broken. The old BluflF road in the '60s angled out of Winterset from the Hawkins 
place on Court Avenue, where Sam Anderson now lives, southwest across a bit 
of prairie that remained open for years, because John Leonard owned it, to the 
Smith place where James Baird now lives. Then, as now, it ran out west, past 
the Stinson cabin, where Judge Lewis has his work shop. Rube Hanner lived 
in a log cabin where Fairmount stands. Across the road, where Mclllree lives, 
Josiah Arnold, a fine old Ohio man, built a home and lived there many years. 

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The Roberts' home — the old stone house that stands near the city wells — famous 
for being an underground station for escaping slaves, came next, and then Newt 
Gordon's farm on top of the little hill. The house is now gone and the orchard 
cut down. Richard Bruce's farm was next. From the Bruce farm west was 
open prairie until after the war, the settlers closing in steadily until the road 
was a continuous lane. The stage line ran over this road to Fontanelle, through 
Lewis to Council Bluffs. Greenfield was a yellow house. The BluflF road crossed 
Middle River at Tom Tucker's in Adair County, swinging north to follow the 
big divide. Tucker drove the stage. 

During the settlement of the county after the war the Bluff road was always 
dotted with covered wagons in trains of sometimes thirty or forty, a dozen, 
two or three, and singly. One was hardly ever out of sight. The "movers" 
camped along the road and grazed their stock as they went along. A fence 
was necessary for a farm on the Bluff road in those days, for nearly all the 
wagons had cattle with them. The settlement of Kansas and Nebraska was 
going on at the same time and the Bluff road was the main thoroughfare 
through Southern Iowa. At the Hi Smith farm the road branched to Nevin, 
crossing Middle River at the Wight bridge and going through the present Hebron 
— then Schwens and later Busby's. Those who crossed the Missouri at Ne- 
braska City or Brownsville went that way. 

The spring at the city wells was the first camping place for the movers. 
They used to cut the bridge and steal the rails from the fence for their fires. 
At Baugh Branch and at Wight's many of them camped. The farmers alorig 
the road had all come to this country in covered wagons and they gave hundreds 
of tons of hay, and hundreds of bushels of com away to the movers. The wild 
hay was plenty. All they had to do was to cut it. "Help yourself" was almost 
an invariable answer to a mover who asked for hay. Tom Roy used to set 
aside a stack for the "movers." 

The first settlers along the Bluff road clung to their farms. There were few 
changes in many years, but when the land hunger commenced the new 
comers looked with covetous eyes on the fertile, fat farms. Of the real old 
settlers along the road Judge Lewis, Jonathan Gordon, and George Tracy alone 
remain. The Arnolds, Goshoms, Gordons, Beerbowers, Lawsons, Bruces, 
Foshers, Roys, Rehards, Smiths, Hawks, Perkins, Lees, Grosscups, Georges, 
Foxes, are all sold out. 


The Cox bridge, in Union Township, marks one of the oldest crossings of 
North River. In 1868 Cox, whose homestead was just south of the crossing, 
contracted with the county to put a bridge in. The structure was entirely of 
wood, but when it was taken down in 191 3, to be replaced by a modem steel 
bridge, the timbers were found to be in a splendid state of preservation. 

Eli Cox and his sons, George, John and Alfred, built Madison County quite 
a number of bridges of the wooden, covered kind. They sawed the lumber at 
their own mill, and built the framework of solid oak. The piers were of stone 
quarried near the bridge sites, making them entirely home-made structures. 
Even the mortar used in the piers was Madison's own product, the sand being 

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hauled from the creeks and the lime burned in local kilns. Cox commenced to 
build bridges in 1864, his first one being placed over North River, on the De Soto 
road, near Jonathan Cox's farm. All his first bridges were of the uncovered 
kind, because the board of supervisors of early days had too 'many bridges to 
build, and they could not afford the covered ones. 

. One of the first covered bridges Eli Cox built was the Donahue bridge, over 
North River, near the eastern line of the county. It stands here today a testi- 
mony to his honest workmanship. The cover protected the timbers and pre- 
vented rain from getting into the joints and around nails and bolts. When these 
old bridges are taken down the timbers are invariably found to be in a good 
state of preservation. 

But the wooden bridges in Madison are fast giving way to steel structures. 
Modern road traffic demands heavier bridges. The county supervisors refuse 
to take chances of a bridge going down with threshing outfits and entailing a suit 
for damages. When a wooden bridge becomes shaky it is condemned and a new 
steel structure replaces it. 

Bridging the streams of Madison County has been an expensive proposition. 
The bridge fund always has been expended to the penny. North Branch, North 
River, Middle River, Jones Creek, Clanton, South River and Grand River and 
their tributaries have many crossings. The demands for good roads and well 
bridged streams will keep the county bridge fund exhausted for some years to 
come. In the old days a man was content to get across a stream on any kind 
of a bridge. The steam threshing outfits now demand a heavy bridge and a 
man in his heavy motor car, when he hits a county bridge full tilt at forty miles 
an hour, swears if it gives him a bump or he can feel the slightest tremor. 

The new bridge cost $8,024 when it was finished. It ought to last for all 
time. It has a span of ninety-six feet. A bridge over Steele's Branch, on the 
Patterson-St. Charles County road, which was finished in the fall of 1913, has 
a span of sixty feet and cost $4,150. The plans are on file for a new steel bridge 
over Middle River, on the Greenfield road, that will have a span of 100 feet. 
County Engineer Hiatt estimates that it can be built for $6,000, because steel is 
20 per cent cheaper than when the Cox bridge was built. It may be built in 191 5. 
The county has spent the last four years for bridges as follows : 


Warrants 1909 t $21,861.20 

Warrants 1910 32,475.61 

Warrants 1911 32,775-69 

Warrants 1912 35,143.12 

Warrants 1913 20,726.15 


The main line of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad passes through 
two of the northern townships of Madison County and a branch runs from 
Des Moines to the county seat. The Omaha line reached the present Town of 
Earlham late in the year 1868 and was the incentive for the establishment of 
one of the best trading points in the county. The building of the town was well 

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under way in the early part of 1869, and here the railroad company established 
a station, built a section house, water tank and depot. The projectors of Earl- 
ham were led to believe by the builders of the road that this place would be made 
a division point and given shops, but their hopes in this regard have not as yet 
been realized. However, the coming of the road induced many to locate in the 
place, and no town in Madison County grew as rapidly and had such splendid 
prospects as Earlham. It became and is today one of the best shipping points 
in this section of the state. When grading began, Martin Cook, one of the early 
Quaker settlers in Madison Township, put up a building at the east end of the 
"dump,*' not far from where the tenement house of Clarence Wilson now stands. 
This small building, which they called a "shebang," was stocked with supplies 
which were sold to the men working on the construction. When Earlham was 
established in the fall of 1868, Martin Cook moved the "shebang" with his stock 
of goods into the new town and was appointed by the railroad company its first 
agent. This was the first railroad in Madison County. 

Four years later, in February, 1872^, the first railway train entered Winterset 
over the branch road from Des Moines and generally since then two passenger 
trains and one local have provided transportation for its citizens. The first train 
arrived in Winterset on the last day of February, 1872, and was the subject of 
considerable jollification. Snow was falling, and melting as it came down, but 
nevertheless a large crowd assembled to greet the train. It arrived about 3 
o'clock P. M. and was hailed with every demonstration of joy by the multitude, 
and music by a brass band added in large measure to the welcome. Contractors 
and railroad men generally were warmly congratulated and then escorted to the 
St. Nicholas, where a banquet was serv^ed. The train itself was made up of con- 
struction cars and it was several weeks before passenger trains began running. 

The first passenger train arrived here on the 13th of May, 1872. When it left 
for Des Moines "the engine bell rang and for the first time the conductor called 
out 'passengers for Des Moines all aboard,' and Winterset was no longer an inland 
town, dependent upon wagons for communication with the outer world. During 
the summer of 1872, immediately following this event, seventy-three buildings 
were erected in Winterset, at a cost of over ninety thousand dollars, and within 
the seven years next following it more than doubled its population." 

C. D. Bevington was one of the chief promoters and builders of this branch 
of the Rock Island. When constructed, it was named the Des Moines, Winterset 
& Southwestern Railroad, and when the company for its construction was or- 
ganized Doctor Bevington became its president. It was uncfer his personal 
supervision that the line was completed from Summerset to Winterset — a distance 
of twenty-six miles. The work was all paid for within seven months and when 
finished, trains stopped at the depot, which stood in the east part of town, on 
North Ninth Street. Southeast of it on a side track, was erected a large elevator, 
still standing, but long since out of commission. Some years ago a ne\y depot 
was erected at North First Avenue. 

The Chicago, St. Paul & Kansas City Railroad was built in 1887, entering 
the county on section i, in South Township, and leaving it on section 35, in Mon- 
roe Township. It is now a part of the Chicago Great Western System, and has 
stations at Hanley, in South Township, and East Peru and Barney, in Walnut 
Township. At the time of its completion the towns mentioned were established 

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and EastTeru is the principal station along the line in this county. Hanley is 
quite a busy little trading point, about ij4 miles west of St. Charles. 

The Keokuk & Western Railroad, now a part of the Burlington System, was 
built in 1882 as a narrow gauge and entered the county in South Township, just 
east of St. Charles, making that place its first station in the county. Running in 
a southwesterly direction, its next stopping point is Truro, from whence it 
bends southward and then taking a curve on section 26, in Ohio Township, 
trends in a northeasterly direction and leaves the township and county at section 
24. It was changed to a standard gauge about 1896. With these lines Madison 
County is pretty well supplied with railroad facilities. A number of other 
railroads were projected in the early years of the county's existence, but little 
was ever accomplished in the way of their construction, so that today the county 
has no railroads other than those mentioned, two of which are main lines — the 
Chicago Great Western and the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific System. 

The Creston, Winterset & Des Moines Railroad when projected was intended 
to have its termini at Creston and Des Moines. The road was built in 1912 from 
Creston to Macksburg, a distance of twenty-one miles, and never got any farther. 
On the 31st day of December, 1912, the first train entered Macksburg, and of 
course, that section of the county was delighted with the prospects. But the 
improvement has not met the anticipations of its projectors or the people along 
the transportation line. In the fall of 1914 the property was placed in the hands 
of a receiver and since then a decided improvement has developed. 

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By A. J. Hoisington 

Not one wild buffalo was ever seen in Madison County since the day of its 
first settlement. The very first settlers frequently found the horns, skulls and 
bones of the bufifalo, which apparently had been gone many years from this local- 
ity. When the Sac and Fox tribe of Indians came into possession of their hunting 
grounds hereabout there were occasionally small herds of bison to be met with 
here. Early white hunters of this county, as late as 1850, occasionally found a 
buffalo or two north and northwest, at a distance of from thirty to one hundred 
miles from this county. They appeared to be stragglers from the buffalo country 
in the Dakotas, or from across the Missouri River west. Trappers, who visited 
this region during the first twenty or thirty years of the nineteenth century 
found considerable herds in this region of the state. At that time they moved 
southward in the fall and northward in the spring. But, within the knowledge 
of the earliest trappers through this region, far back in the century of 1700, 
buffalo were never in such great numbers here as they were on the Great Plains 
country beyond the Missouri River and in the land of the Dakotas. 

When this county was first settled there were no foxes here. They began to 
appear on rare occasions about 1880, since which time an infrequent one may 
be found. 

During the early portion of the last century there was a considerable num- 
ber of bears in this portion of Iowa, but none ever was found wild in this 
county since its settlement. An occasional bear has been seen by Madison County 
hunters in west Dallas County, and further north and west, as late as 1850. 

Catamounts, or animals called by that name, were occasionally met with in 
this county when the first settlers came and a lone one might be seen in the more , 
remote timber neighborhoods as late as i860. There was one (may be two of 
them) seen in the northwest comer of Crawford Township in the summer of 

The prairie gray wolf was an abundant and prolific animal to be found every- 
where in the county when first settled. During the first few years they could be 
seen almost any day in any locality. Their food was so abundant that they never 
attacked any one, although sometimes they would follow a person with fresh 
meat. They were very fond of tame chickens and the e^irly settlers had to pro- 
vide safe places for their poultry of all kinds. Sometimes these marauders of 
the prairie would carry off small pigs. The black, or timber, wolves were scarce 
and they all disappeared by 1862. Being considered a dangerous animal, they 


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were closely hunted down. During the '50s there was a bounty on wolf scalps 
and when the bounty law went into effect live wolf scalps rapidly became less in 
number. But they were never exterminated in the county and occasionally one, or 
even more, may be seen, or more often heard, in the more brushy, rocky and 
broken districts of the county. 

Elk were not found in the county when the first settlers came but had been 
numerous a few years previous. Up to 1840 they were here in great numbers. 
Being a prairie animal, they only came to the woods when the snow was deep or 
the weather cold. Since the beginning of the first settlement elk had not been 
seen south of the Coon River but north of that stream they were in considerable 
numbers up to the snowy winter of 1855-6, when they were almost exterminated 
by the settlers in Greene and more northern counties. That winter a herd of them 
numbering thousands was seen near Jefferson. They had been driven by the heavy 
snow storms from the north into the then thin settlements along North Coon. 
The settlers nearly destroyed the herd by spring and never after was any consid- 
erable number seen in that region. All the years up to that winter elk could be 
found in west Dallas, in Guthrie, Carroll, Audubon and more northern counties. 
The early settlers, who were hunters, used to go every fall to the district north- 
west of Madison, for this and other wild game. But the hard winter named 
above ended the sport. 

Deer were here in almost unbelievable numbers when the first settlers came 
and in rapidly decreasing numbers remained until the winter of 1855-6, when 
they were practically exterminated in this part of the state. Only an occasional 
one could be seen afterward. At first they were comparatively tame and it 
required but little ingenuity to get a piece of fresh venison any day. During the 
first four or five years venison was plentiful and cheap and considerable quanti- 
ties were hauled to the river markets. Sometimes it had no sale in Winterset. 
Before 1849 there was no market for deer meat in the county, save as occasionally 
a new settler, who was not a hunter, would pay a little something for a choice cut. 
The pelts, of course, always commanded a price at the river markets, but the 
value was ridiculously low. Charles Farris, who was one of the most skillful deer 
hunters in Southwestern Iowa, a pioneer settler of Union Township, has been 
heard to say that in one day he counted over a hundred deer in sight. 


These birds were found here by the early settlers in great flocks, wherever 
there was a considerable grove or body of timber. At first they were compara- 
tively tame and easily approached, because the Indians molested them but little 
and when desiring to catch them they generally used a snare instead of shooting 
them. To the Indians they had no commercial value, but soon after the arrival of 
the white man, turkeys were caught in great numbers and hauled to the markets 
on the Mississippi River or to St. Joseph. During the "cold winter" of 1847-8 
many of the birds perished, but they rapidly increased again. The "hard winter" 
of 1855-6, together with the great destruction of them every season of the few 
years preceding by the settlers, about finished the supply of the bird in the county. 
However, a few small roosts, in the most secluded localities in the timber, might 
be found until about i860. The last roost on Cedar was extinguished in the fall 
of 1862. 

Vol. 1—12 

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A great many young turkeys, and occasionally a nest of eggs, would be found 
by the early settlers. From these were obtained the tame birds that later on sup- 
plied the county. Doubtless, some of their very distantly related descendants are 
in the county at this day. 


At the time the first settlers arrived, in the year 1846, wild fruit was not plenti- 
ful, except grapes in some localities. There was comparatively little brush any- 
where, because most of the country was annually burned over by great prairie 
fires, preventing the growth of the hazel, plum, crabapple and all other varieties of 
shrubs ; thus, any increase of the timber belt was prevented. Only now and then 
appeared a plum patch or clump of crabapple trees; even hazel nuts were not 
abundant. But close along the banks of the streams, entwined on great forest 
trees, well protected from the prairie fires, the wild grape flourished and not else- 
where until in later years. 

The nuts of the forest trees, the hickory and black and white walnut, abounded 
in the wooded portions of the county. The great supply of these greatly decreased, 
as the trees were cut down for building and fencing. By the year i860 the nut- 
bearing trees mentioned became comparatively scarce. The early settlers^ and 
even those of later years, made it their business to gather a supply of nuts every 
fall for the winter, but this habit largely ceased about i860 and for the last forty 
years is seldom done, for quite obvious reasons. 

When the first settlers arrived they began to check the devastating prairie 
fires and, more rapidly than would be supposed possible, grew the various 
varieties of shrubs and underbrush, yet found in the county ; especially the hazel 
flourished. The wild plum, crabapple, elderberry and similar shrubbery soon came 
into bearing along the edges of the old-time forests, so that, by 1850, hazel nuts, 
plums, crabapples, wild cherry, gooseberries, blackberries, raspberries, currants, 
haws and serviceberries began to abound. By 1855 these appeared in great quan- 
tity in most of the timber districts. Their growth and increase were not materially 
lessened until about i860, when lands whereof they were indigenous, began to be 
largely broken up for farming purposes. This curtailment went on, gradually, 
until about 1880, when much the larger portion of the land had been brought into 

During the '60s tame fruit b^an to yield largely and as it increased in quantity 
wild fruit was not so generally sought, and since 1875 "^^ ^ large amount of 
wild fruit has been consumed in the county. 

Wild strawberries were in great abundance at the time of the first settlement 
and continued until the country began to be generally under cultivation. Their 
quality was good and they were an excellent substitute for tame ones. 

Occasionally, wild plums were found of large size, as much as two inches in 
diameter, but they were very rarely to be found. The larger ones had almost as 
fine a taste as the common varieties of tame ones. Once in a while a crabapple 
tree might be found, bearing apples two inches in diameter, but these were almost 
too rare to mention. The great quantity of these two fruits, from 1855 to 
i860 iir some portions of the county, seems remarkable to young people of this 
period. Many hundreds of plum trees have been seen which bore from one to two 

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bushels each and, it was nothing uncommon for a crabapple tree to bear a bushel 
or more. One plum tree patch in Northeast Union Township, in the Hoisington 
neighborhood, covered more than an acre, and some years produced abundantly. 

But plums and crabapples were abundant only in some localities. This was 
noticeably true in North Crawford Township, where timber and brush were 
plentiful, but plums and crabapples scarce. Of course, they did not grow in the 
prairie districts. These varieties of fruit were mostly to be found in the townships 
of Union, Douglas, Madison and South, with considerable production along the 
streams in other townships; Badger Creek never produced much. Wherever 
noticed, this fruit, as was the case with all the other varieties of wild fruit, was 
almost entirely found along the south side of the timber belts ; mainly because the 
north sides were more regularly exposed to sweeping prairie fires before the set- 

In those days, wild fruits were not preserved at all. The usual manner was 
to dry them on the roofs of homes and sheds, on loose boards and sometimes on 
cloths — then they were sacked or boxed up and laid away for winter and spring 
use. Usually, plums and crabapples were boiled before they were dried. Grapes 
and elderberries were usually dried on the stem. Cherries, haws, blackberries, 
raspberries, currants and gooseberries were dried as they came picked from- the 
tree or bush. The sweetening used in cooking them was nearly all sorghum 
molasses, although a few fortunate ones had maple sugar or maple molasses ; may 
be, one in a hundred, after the first very few years. 


By H. A. Mueller 

The early settlers found in Madison County a wealth of forests growing along 
the streams and adjoining hillslopes. About one-fourth of the whole area of 
Madison County was covered with valuable timber. It was here that the early 
pioneer built his home where material was near to build his log cabin, fuel for his 
fire place, and protection for his live stock and himself against the rigorous win- 
ters of those days. On the rich bottom lands he found excellent groves of hard 
or sugar maple trees. Some of these groves had been operated by the Indians 
before their leaving this county in 1845, and for several years Johnny Green and 
his tribe would return in the spring to hunt, trap and make maple sugar. 

In the early days cane sugar was an expensive luxury, so the maple groves in 
the spring time became the temporary abode of nearly all the early settlers for the 
purpose of securing their yearns supply of sugar. The process of manufac- 
turing maple sugar in those days was something as follows: If the operator of 
the grove did not live near by, a rude log cabin would be erected in which to 
live during the sugar making season. When the season opens depends upon the 
weather, as the sap does not begin to run until it thaws in the daytime and freezes 
at night. So the season may begin in January or even as late as the first of April 
and last until the month of May, or until the above mentioned conditions cease 
to be. 

During the winter it would be necessary to prepare for sugar making, as there 
was no time to lose when the season opened. Some made small troughs in which 

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to catch the sap, by splitting a stick three or four feet long and hoUowirtg out the 
center until it would hold a gallon or two of sap. Others used tin pans or 
crocks. Then spiles were necessary to lead the sap from the tree to the trough. 
A spile was usually made from a common elder or a sumach. A stick about a foot 
long was notched about two inches from either end on opposite sides to the cen- 
ter and then split, making two spiles. The pith was punched or burned out of the 
round end, trimmed to fit an inch auger hole and the open part of the spile had a 
valley cut in the center to lead the sap into the trough. Now, as soon as the sap 
would run the trees were tapped by boring usually two holes into each tree and 
driving the spiles therein. Every day the sap would be gathered and hauled 
to the camp to be boiled down. In an early day the hauling was done with oxen 
hitched to a sled, on which was a barrel to hold the sap. This boiling down was 
done either in big iron kettles, or evaporating pans. Iron kettles were mostly 
used in the early days. The boiling was continued until considerable sap was 
boiled down and then it was allowed to cool and then was strained through a cloth 
to take out all the dirt. Before continuing the boiling process, either eggs or milk, 
or both, were thoroughly stirred into this partially boiled down sap, and then 
slowly boiled, which would bring all the impurities to the top and then 
skimmed off. This boiling continued until a syrup was made and if syrup was 
wanted, the process here ended. Nothing was better to be eaten with com bread, 
Johnny cake or buckwheat cakes, than good maple syrup. 

If sugar was wanted, the syrup was boiled down until it was so thick that when 
a small quantity dropped into cold water it would become hard and break into 
pieces upon striking it against a board. It was then run into molds, pans, etc. 
If crumbly sugar was desired the boiling and stirring process was continued 
until it would crumble into small crumbs. This was used for sweetening, much 
as our cane sugar of today. 

Who of the old settlers have not been to a sugaring off? If not, he has missed 
much of the fun in maple sugar making. Sugaring off is the final process and is 
usually done after night. The young people of the neighborhood gather in about 
the camp, watch the process of sugaring off and eat good sweet maple sugar. What 
pleasant memories sugar making recalls to the early pioneers? Those splendid 
maple sugar groves are about all gone and the pleasant memories will soon go 
with them, for in a few years there will be very few living that ever helped make 
sugar in Madison County. The places of these groves have now become our rich- 
est cornfields, from whose products we get the glucose syrup, usually set upon our 
tables, presumably to look at, for very few eat it. 

Would that we could go back to those early days, help bring in the sap, sit 
around the kettles and feed the flames that would boil down the sugar water into de- 
licious syrup or sweet tasting sugar ! But those days are gone and a few more years 
and those that participated in sugar making will have gone to their reward. Few 
of the present generation know very little of the manufacture of maple sugar 
and where beautiful maple groves once flourished in Madison County. It is for 
these that this article is written. Herewith appended is a list of groves and 

Groves on North River and on North Branch of North River : The first one 
of any note was one just below the mouth of North Branch, east half of the south- 
east quarter of section 36, Jefferson Township, operated by Alexander Ballentine ; 

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William Schoen had one in the forks of North Branch and North River, on the 
southeast quarter of section 35, Jefferson Township ; David Barrow had a camp or 
grove of maples on the northeast quarter of the northeast quarter of section 2, 
Union Township, that was operated for many years and there are still several 
trees standing, which A. D. Fletcher, the present owner, at times taps for home 
use; John B. Sturman in an early day had a camp on the south side of North 
River on the southeast quarter of the northeast quarter of section 3, Union 
Township, and Harvey Lee had one on the north side of the same forty which 
he ran until 1880; Levi B. Phillips operated a camp for some time on the south 
side of North River, on the southwest quarter of the tiortheast quarter of section 
3, Union Township; William Sturman had one on the northwest quarter of the 
northeast quarter of section 3, north of the river, and was a large grove, which was 
run as late as 1890; Thomas Garlinger had a camp on the north half of the north- 
west quarter of section 3, Union Township, which was worked every year by Mrs. 
Thomas Garlinger until her death about 1880; Benjamin Duckett had a small 
grove, a continuation of the Garlinger grove, on the south half of the southeast 
quarter of the southwest quarter of section 34, Jefferson Township; there is a 
young grove there at the present time ; George W. Guye had a camp on the east 
half of the southwest quarter of section 5, Union Township ; James Guye, on the 
west half of the southwest quarter of section 5, Union Township; Angeline 
Vanwy, the west half of the northeast quarter of section 7, Union Township, 
and another on the west half of the northwest quarter of section 7, Union Town- 
ship; Jonathan Cox, one in the bend on the south side of the river, on section 
12, Douglas Township; John Norris, northeast quarter of the southwest quarter 
of section 14, Douglas Township, until his death in 1904, and the grove was 
chopped off in the spring of 1905 ; Samuel Folwell, a small grove on the south 
side of North Branch on the northeast quarter of the southeast quarter of section 
34, Jefferson Township. 

Groves on Middle River: McDowell camp on the south half of the south- 
cast quarter of section 36, Crawford Township; T. Cason, west of house and 
east of Middle River, on the northwest quarter of the northwest quarter of. sec- 
tion 36, Crawford Township ; W. T. Cason, the southwest quarter of the northwest 
quarter of section 36, Crawford Township ; John's eamp in the northeast quarter 
of the southeast quarter of section 35, Crawford Township, between the house and 
river on the south side, below the old mill, was a grove of 200 trees, later 
owned by Campbell Hughart ; a grove near the old Weller Mill, on the northeast 
quarter of section 35, Union Township; Van Houten grove, southwest quarter of 
section 35, Union Township ; Sam Fleener camp, northeast quarter section 3, Scott 
Township ; Jack Porter camp, northwest quarter section 4, Scott Township ; John 
Wilkinson camp, northeast quarter section 4, Scott Township; Ephriam Bilder- 
back camp, northeast quarter section 4, Scott Township ; Henry McKenzie camp 
northwest quarter section 9, Scott Township ; Felt Johnson camp, northeast quar- 
ter section 8, Scott Township ; Sam Crawford camp, northwest quarter section 8, 
Scott Township; James Thombrugh camp, northeast quarter section 7, Scott 
Township ; Andy Hart camp, northwest quarter section 7, Scott Township ; W. W. 
Mattox camp, southwest quarter section 7, Scott Township; Charles Wright 
camp, southeast quarter section 7, Lincoln Township ; James Smith camp, south- 
west quarter of the northwest quarter section 15, Lincoln Township, east of 

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"backbone'' north of Middle River; Benjamin Ludlow camp, southeast quarter of 
the southeast quarter of section 9, Lincoln Township, later owned by Margaret 

Clanton Creek : Clanton bottoms have been noted for their heavy timber and 
there were many fine maple groves. Andrew Johns had a small camp south of the 
creek, on the southwest quarter of the northwest quarter of section 11, South 
Township; James Martin had a fine grove a little farther east on the southeast 
quarter of the northeast quarter of section 1 1 ; George Smith had a grove in the 
bend east of the creek, on the southeast quarter of section 10; W. A. Carter, west 
of the creek, on the northwest quarter of the northeast quarter of section 15, and 
on the east side; J. G. Carter, the northeast quarter of section 15; Abraham 
Black west of the present site of Hanley and east of the creek, the north half of 
the northwest quarter of section 22, and farther south where P. A. Carter now 
lives, on the southeast quarter of section 22, South Township ; Perry Cummings, 
or later, the Guernsey camp, was a fine grove on the southeast quarter of the 
northwest quarter of section 2y, South Township ; James A. Rhjmo had an excel- 
lent grove west of Clanton, the south half of the southeast quarter of section 29, 
which has been operated until late years; Pleasant Rollings camp was a little 
farther north on the northeast quarter of the southeast quarter of section 29 ; H. 
A. McLaughlin also had a fine camp on the north half of the southwest quarter of 
section 28. From Rhyno's camp to the present site of East Peru there were no 
groves of any size. Jacob Brown had one south of East Peru, east of the road 
leading south of town, on the south half of the northeast quarter of section 
II, Walnut Township; John Brown, west of the road on both sides of Clanton, 
now owned by J. R. McKee and S. B. Winchester, the southeast quarter of the 
northwest quarter and the northeast quarter of the southwest quarter of section 
1 1 ; Aaron Hiatt, a grove west of East Peru, north of the railroad on both sides 
of the creek south of Austin Reed, — the northeast quarter of section 10, Walnut 
Township ; Ben Brown, south of the mouth of Rattle Snake Creek, the southwest 
quarter of the northeast quarter of section 10. These groves about Peru were 
nearly continuous. Then there were no more until near John Hindman's, on the 
northwest quarter of section 15, Walnut Township, also the northeast quarter 
of the southwest quarter of section 15, now owned by W. T. Jesse, 
and the northwest quarter of the southwest quarter of section 15, now owned 
by James Harwood. 

Jones Creek: Lathrum grove is still standing, on the northwest quarter of 
the northwest quarter, and the northeast quarter of the northeast quarter of 
section 21, South Township; N. P. Pomeroy, the southeast quarter of the north- 
west quarter of section 20, is also standing ; and Joel Graves grove in section 23, 
Scott Township. 

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By A. J. Hoisington 

Beginning about the year 1850 and continuing until about 1862, numerous 
runaway negro slaves from Missouri passed through this county on th^ir way 
northeast to Canada, or to some northern portion of the United States, where aboli- 
tion sentiment was strong enough for them to feel safe from pursuit and capture. 
Until 1855-6 the political sentiment of this county was largely opposed to aboli- 

About 1850 there were very few persons in the county, with anti-slavery 
sentiments, to actively aid slaves in making their escape from their masters. 
By 1856 the number had greatly increased and by i860 they were so numerous as 
to make no secret of their work in aiding the negro to freedom. Those who har- 
bored and actively helped slaves to escape were commonly called "agents of the 
underground railroad" and, extending across the country from south to north 
and some miles apart, were "stations," which were the homes of the more coura- 
geous and radical abolitionists. These stations were made known and gave shelter 
to runaway slaves, who traveled by night and were secreted in them in the 
daytime. In many cases the "agents" would haul the runaways by team from 
one "station" to another in the night time, or on horseback. During the later '50s 
and early '60s they were frequently taken in the daytime along circuitous routes, 
concealed in wagons. 

James Farris, who settled in Union Township in 185 1, was one of the boldest 
and most active of these "underground station agents" from the very first. He 
was far past middle age but of strong physique, a noted deer hunter and trapper 
and feared nothing. He used to brag about his work in this line and even publicly 
defied searching parties. One early morning during the later '50s a runaway 
negro man approached him, from the timber close by his house, much fearing 
to do so and yet desperate because of hunger and fatigue, with his overnight 
travel. The black man had been directed to Farris' place but not further, and 
didn't know where to go next. Farris thought he had seen the negro before and 
finally the poor fellow admitted he belonged to a son-in-law of Farris', who lived 
in Missouri and whom Farris occasionally visited. Farris at once put his 
visitor at ease and told him he would be taken care of and shielded from his 
enemies ; that he would be taken on to the next station over on Coon River. The 
slave was then hidden in the loft of one of the double log houses in which Farris 
lived, but early that evening, who should arrive at the house but the son-in-law and 
his party, to stay all night, never suspecting that his father-in-law was at that 
moment giving refuge and asylum to his human chattel. It would not do to send 
the runaway ahead, so slave and master slept in the same house that night, the 


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former overhead and the latter below. The slave was very quiet that night, as 
might well be supposed. Next morning the master and party were directed by 
Farris where probably it was wise to look for the slave. He told them to hunt 
as far as to the North River, but that it was useless to cross the divide over to 
the Coon, for the reason that, if the runaway had reached that far he was perfectly 
safe, since there were so many bitter and tough abolitionists in that vicinity. The 
slave hunters consumed all the day in searching along North River without suc- 
cess, as a matter of course, and returned to the Farris house to stay all night, 
the son-in-law saying he would give up the chase and go home next morning. 
That night, David W. Gilliland and another man took the darky on his way, and 
the disconsolate master returned to Missouri, short a $i,ooo slave through the 
radical abolitionism of his father-in-law. 

William McDonald, who lived in Southwest Jefferson Township, was another 
"station agent." Among other chattels he brought with him from Ohio a fine fam- 
ily carriage, and it was said that the vehicle did much and valiant duty as a 
passenger coach on the "underground railroad" tracks. 

John Early, of Jackson Township, was in charge of a very busy "underground 
station," and, it is said, had as many as five runaway slaves on his place at one 
time. Advocates of the "peculiar institution" of the South were becoming exas- 
perated at the repeated loss of their human chattels, through connivance of 
abolitionists in the North, and placed warrants in the hands of deputy United 
States marshals for the recovery of their property. Early soon received a "tele- 
gram," presumably from "underground wires," that a United States officer was 
in his neighborhood, hunting slaves out of bounds, which led him to clean up an 
antiquated pistol and announce himself as being ready for all comers. 

On another occasion Early became the host of Sheriff Sam Hamilton, a pro- 
slavery man, and another democrat, whose name has gotten away. The men 
were billed to speak on the political situation, at the Early schoolhouse, and 
were at the home of the slaves' friend by his invitation. When supper was about 
to be announced, three chairs were placed at one side the table and the democratic 
guests were so placed in them that the middle seat was left vacant. Then Early 
told his wife to bring in her other visitor, and upon compliance with his request, 
a ponderous black "nigger mammy" was escorted to the dining-room and placed 
between the sheriff and his democratic friend. The trio made a remarkable setting 
to the scene and the present day reader can hardly realize the ludicrousness of the 
situation. But Hamilton and his companion were equal to the occasion and joined 
heartily with Early in his manifest and successful effort to please all. After the 
intentionally prolonged meal was finished, without any demonstrations of chagrin 
or hostility, the two pro-slavery politicians thanked their host for his hospitality 
and took their departure for the democratic meeting waiting for them at the 

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On the 1 6th of April, 1861, four days following the assault on Fort Sumter, 
Gov. Samuel J. Kirkwood, of Iowa, received the following telegram from 
Simon Cameron, secretary of war : 

"Call made on you by tonight's mail for one regiment of militia for immediate 

That very day the governor proclaimed to the people of Iowa that the nation 
was imperilled and invoked the aid of every loyal citizen in the state. The tele- 
gram above alluded to was received at Davenport. The governor was then resid- 
ing at Iowa City but there was no tel^raphic communication in those days between 
the two cities. 

It was important that the dispatch should reach the eyes of the governor at 
once, and General Vandever, then a civilian, volunteered to take the message to 
Iowa City. The governor was found on his farm outside the city by the self- 
appointed messenger, dressed in homespun and working in the field. Reading the 
dispatch. Governor Kirkwood expressed extreme surprise and exclaimed : "* Why, 
the President wants a whole regiment of men! Do you suppose I can raise so 
many as that, Mr. Vandever?" When ten Iowa regiments were offered a few days 
later the question was answered. 


"Whether in the promptitude of her responses to the calls made on her by the 
general government, in the courage and constancy of her soldiery in the field," 
said Col. A. P. Wood, of Dubuque, upon one occasion, "or in the wisdom and effi- 
ciency with which her civil adminstration was conducted during the trying period 
covered by the War of the Rebellion, Iowa proved herself the peer of any loyal 
state. The proclamation of her governor, Samuel J. Kirkwood, responsive to 
that of the President calling for volunteers to compose her first regiment, was 
issued on the fourth day after the fall of Sumter. At the end of only a single week 
men enough were reported to be in quarters (mostly in the vicinity of their own 
homes) to fill the regiment. These, however, were hardly more than a tithe of the 
number who had been offered by company commanders for acceptance under the 
President's call. So urgent were these offers that the governor requested on the 
24th of April permission to organize an additional regiment. While awaiting 
the answer to this request he conditionally accepted a sufficient number of com- 
panies to compose two additional regiments. In a short time he was notified that 
both of these would be accepted. Soon after the completion of the second and 
third regiments, which was near the close of May, the adjutant general of the 


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state reported that upward of one hundred and seventy companies had been ten- 
dered to the governor to serve against the enemies of the Union. 

''Much difficulty and considerable delay occurred in fitting these regiments for 
the field. For the First Infantry a complete outfit — not uniform — of clothing 
was extemporized, principally by the volunteered labor of loyal women in the 
different towns, from material of various colors and qualities obtained within the 
limits of the state. The same was done in part for the Second Infantry. Mean- 
time, an extra session of the General Assembly had been called by the governor 
to convene on May isth. With but little delay that body authorized a loan of 
$800,000 to meet the extraordinary expenses incurred and to be incurred by the 
executive department in consequence of the new emergency. A wealthy merchant 
of the state, ex-Governor Merrill, then a resident of McGregor — immediately took 
from the governor a contract to supply a complete outfit of clothing for the three 
regiments organized, agreeing to receive, should the governor so elect, his pay 
therefor in state bonds at par. This contract he executed to the letter, and a 
portion of the clothing which was manufactured in Boston to his order, was de- 
livered at Keokuk, the place at which the troops had rendezvoused, in exactly one 
month from the day on which the contract had been entered into. The remainder 
arrived only a few days later. This clothing was delivered to the regiments but 
was subsequently condemned by the Government for the reason that its color was 
gray, and blue had been adopted as the color to be worn by national troops." 


The news soon reached Winterset that the Southern states were in rebellion 
and that the flag had been insulted at Charleston, South Carolina. Although fully 
advised of the spirit manifested by Southern leaders the people were not prepared 
to realize the danger menacing free institutions of the Republic and were as- 
tounded and horrified when the real situation arose and confronted them. But 
almost every man and woman in Madison County loved and revered the Union 
and rallied at the first call, to express their sentiments. Mass meetings from this 
on were the order of the day and night, and but little time was lost before action 
was taken. At one of these meetings, held on April 24, 1861, at the Christian 
Church, in Winterset, a large assemblage of people met in the house of worship 
and was presided over by Dr. D. B. Allen ; John J. Davies acted as secretary. The 
object of the meeting was to discuss the ominous situation of the country and to 
ascertain how many persons in the county were willing to join a military com- 
pany, or companies, for home protection, and a committee of ten was appbinted for 
the purpose of securing the names of those desiring to become members of the pro- 
posed companies. That committee was composed of the following named per- 
sons: L. D. Kams, L. N. Clark, William L. Leonard, A. Hood, N. Garretson, 
H. C. Carter, Frederick Mott, William Shannon, J. W. Holbrook and C. Gaskill. 

It was the sense of the meeting that both the cavalry and infantry company 
should be organized, and that as their formation would be for home protection 
the citizens should furnish the enlisted men with arms. Thereupon, the Madison 
County Rangers, a cavalry company, was organized and the patriotic citizens sign- 
ing their names that evening to the rolls of the cavalry company were: J. I. 
Denman, J. M. Lambert, E. W. Evans, D. D. Davisson, C. A. Gaskill, H. C. 

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Carter, G. M. Rutledge, H. M. Porter, B. M. Bixby, William Reynolds, Samuel 
Conigan, Butler Bird, W. C. Newlon. 

An infantry company was also formed and assumed the name of the Winter- 
set Guards. Its muster roll showed the following names: O. C. Ayres, S. G. 
Beckwith, D. W. Burnett, G. W. Betts, J. W. Craven, F. M. Cassidy, H. C. Fams- 
worth, M. Foster, B. C. Howell, N. A. Harlan, W. M. Jenkins, J. W. Kirk, B. F. 
Murray, J. P. Noel, A. Nosier, F. M. Pickerell, W. R. Shriver, John Stiffler, 
James Stafford, S. B. Williams, C. C. Ward, Cal Trion, C. Tibbies, William H. 
Goodwin, J. M. Andrews, D. D. Bennett, Thomas Bardrick, F. I. Cash, L. N. 
Clark, H. J. B. Cummings, T. W. Fouch, J. D. Holbrook, W. P. Hastings, J. M. 
Holaday, L. D. Kams, J. R. Lambert, H. Marlow, John Nichbl, Eli Odell, Lee 
Pitzer, T. M. Stiffler, G. W. Stiffler, E. T. Warner, J. H. Williams, J. D. Williams, 
M. R. Tidrick, D. W. Thompson. 

The "Rangers'* met on the- evening of the 26th and selected these officers: 
Captain D. D. Davisson; first lieutenant, G. M. Rutledge; second lieutenant, 
Butler Bird ; third lieutenant, B. F. Bixby ; orderly sergeant, H. C. Carter. The 
men joining the "Rangers'* were required to furnish themselves with a horse 
and saddle "and such arms as each might obtain." And the object 
of the organization, by the records, was to "defend the citizens and property of 
Madison County when the contingency might require it." This was the first 
military company organized in Madison County. 

Other warlike movements on the part of the citizens took place, one closely 
upon the other, and a few of them will be related in order to show the spirit and 
feelings of the people at that time of national travail. On April 27, 1861, S. G. 
Beckwith and Jesse R. Lambert announced the receipt of their commissions from 
the adjutant general of the state, to organize a company of volunteers "in this 
senatorial district." At the close of this announcement the newly made officials 
sent out this appeal. "Let not the young men of our district be slow in responding 
to the call of their country in a time of danger." To encourage others it was 
reported that S. G. Beckwith, Jesse R. Lambert, Butler Bird, William L. Leonard, 
James McQeary, William C. Newlon and B. F. Murray had already volunteered. 

On April 27, 1861, the following call was issued: "The people of Madison 
County, in favor of sustaining the Government in its endeavors to maintain and 
preserve the Union in its present crisis, are requested to meet at Winterset on 
Saturday, May 4, 1861, at i P. M., for the purpose of giving expression to their 
views as American citizens. Signed, Albert West, M. L. McPherson, M. Glaze- 
brook, L. S. Garrett, A. Hood, Cal Ballard, C. D. Bevington, John Leonard, H. J. 
B. Cummings, Samuel Hamilton, L. Mayo, J. J. Davies, W. L. Hart, D. D. Davis- 
son, N. Garretson, I. L. Tidrick, John McLeod, William Compton, J. W. Moody, 
J. A. Pitzer, D. B. Allen, W. L. Leonard, L. M. Tidrick, J. F. Brock. 

At St. Charles, May i, 1861, a large and enthusiastic war meeting was held; 
a Union pole was raised and a beautiful large flag, made and presented by the 
ladies of that neighborhood, was run up to the breeze. The occasion was enlivened 
by music from the Indianola Brass Band and Union speeches were made by Dr. 
William L. Leonard, of Winterset, and Lewis Todhunter, of Indianola. "Ringing 
patriotic resolutions were adopted." 

Great excitement prevailed throughout the county and war with the South 
was the exclusive subject of general conversation. Those opposed to the prosecu- 

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tion of the war kept their views to themselves, while in public places, for the dan- 
ger of violence was imminent. 

On May i, 1861, Elder A. Bradfield, of the Winterset Christian Church, de- 
livered an ultra patriotic sermon in favor of the war for the Union. Other local 
ministers were equally patriotic in the pulpit. 

The following extracts from the Madisonian are matters of local history and 
should be of more than ordinary interest to the present and future generations, if 
not of the past: A detachment of regular soldiers from Fort Randall, Dakota 
Territory, on their way to the seat of war passed through Winterset May 4th. 
They were entertained by the citizens and given a hearty reception. May 18th, the 
Clinton Guards of this county met for organization and elected the following 
officers : Captain, R. A. Stitt ; first lieutenant, E. H. Venard ; second lieutenant, 
W. T. Shelbum ; ensign, James Brinson ; first sergeant, Jacob Hyskill. The com- 
pany numbered forty-four men. They proposed to uniform themselves forthwith 
and report to the Government. 

About May 20th sixty stands of arms passed through Winterset for Page 
County, which was threatened with attack by rebels from Gentry County, Mis- 

Before May 25th "Madison County Guards,*' of Winterset, had. disbanded, 
by reason of internal disagreement, and another organization was perfected which 
took the name of the "Union Zouaves." This organization was officered by H. J. B. 
Cummings, captain ; John R. Nichol, first lieutenant ;' J. R. Lambert, second lieu- 
tenant; J. M. Andrews, third lieutenant; L. N. Clark, first sergeant; J. S. Goshom, 
second sergeant; W. P. Hastings, third sergeant; S. Pitzer, fourth sergeant; John 
Stiffler, fifth sergeant; J. W. Burnett, E. A. Huber, J. M. Holaday, E. C. Ward, 
corporals. The privates were Frederick Mott, J. J. Davies, C. P. Lee, R. Bain, C. 
Danforth, J. D. Williams, C. Armbreast, A. Nosier, B. F. Murray, John Hinkle, 
E. W. Reynolds, T. M. Stiffler, G. S. Stiffler, Marion Cassiday, J. P. Wallace, and 
J. S. White. 

May 25th, another company was due to be organized, which styled itself "The 
Silver Greys," and was composed of men over thirty years of age. 

June 27th Capt. P. Gad Bryan, of Indianola, made a stirring speech at the 
Christian Church, in the effort to secure recruits, for his cavalry company. He 
made an impressive address which was followed by M. L. McPherson, of Winter- 
set. At the conclusion, the following Madison County men were enlisted : J. R. 
Lambert, W. R. Shriver, C. Tibbies, D. W. Burnett, T. M. Stiffler, John Faurote, 
J. D. Jenks, E. S. Ewing, Milton Carter, J. H. Bird, D. D. Burnett, G. Tibbies, 
John H. Williams, and Butler Bird. 

During the latter part of April a company had been organized in Madison 
Township, of which William F. Clampitt, a Mexican war veteran, was captain. 
This military organization was the subject of much reckless talk for some time, as 
the loyalty of certain of its members was much questioned, and as strongly de- 
fended by Captain Clampitt. 

June 29th E. S. Ewing, of Winterset, advertised for cavalry horses. The 
owners were asked to give a credit of six months to volunteers with approved se- 
curity. He didn't secure many. 

July 13th Capt. H. J. B. Cummings' Company G, Fourth Iowa Regiment, 
started for its rendezvous at Council Bluffs. Their departure was one of the 

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saddest affairs that ever occurred in the County. Probably every eye that witnessed 
the scene was blinded by tears. Not even the most indifferent or hardened per- 
son withheld his emotions. It was never forgotten by any one present. 

Previous to the departure of Company G, on July 12th, the ladies in and 
near Winterset gave a festival supper to the company. It was one worthy of the 
ladies and the occasion. After the soldiers had eaten their fill there was an 
abundance for the citizens present. At this festival the ladies presented the 
company with a beautiful flag. Miss Geraldine Squire made the presentation ad- 
dress and the response was by the captain, H. J. B. Cummings. 

August 31, Lieut. J. D. Jenks, and Serg. Jesse R. Lambert, of Bryan's Cavalry, 
were home on a few days leave of absence. On their return the following re- 
cruits went with them : William O. Ludlow, Joseph Reynolds, Edward Marlow, 
Matthew Wilkins, Mr. McCandless and "Curly Joe." 

September ist, the board of supervisors appropriated $150 out of the county 
funds, for the benefit of the families of volunteers of Madison County, who 
were left in destitute circiunstances by reason of such enlistments, if there should 
be any. 

The above excerpts, which were scattered hither and yon, throughout the 
various issues of the Madisonian during the stirring year of 1861, give a good por- 
trayal of the things that most interested the people in Madison County at that 
time. Many such events occurred before the close of hostilities between the 
North and the South. It certainly would be interesting reading, to many, to give 
a full relation of the local war time incidents, but space will not permit. However, 
Madison County did her part, faithfully and well, in putting down rebellion and 
upholding the glory and integrity of republican institutions. The county was rep- 
resented in a number of different regimental organizations and furnished 710 
men to the ranks of the Union army, which was in excess of her quota. The com- 
missioned officers from Madison County in that great conflict were as follows : 

H. J. B. Cummings, colonel, Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry; George N. Elliott, 
lieutenant colonel. Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry ; Dr. William L. Leonard, surgeon, 
Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry; Frederick Mott, quartermaster. Thirty-ninth Iowa 
Infantry; S. G. Guiberson, captain. Company A, Thirty-ninth Infantry; Oliver C. 
Ayers, first lieutenant, Company A, Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry ; Charles S. Arm- 
strong, first lieutenant. Company A, Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry; J. B. Rawls, 
second lieutenant. Company A, Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry; John P. Jones, 
second lieutenant Company A, Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry ; J. M. Browne, captain 
Company F, Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry ; Thomas W. Stiles, captain. Company F, 
Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry; Adolphus Bradfield, captain. Company F, Thirty- 
ninth Iowa Infantry; William Anderson, first lieutenant. Company F, Thirty- 
ninth Iowa Infantry; Dr. S. B. Cherry, surgeon, Forty-seventh Iowa Infantry; 
J. S. Goshom, captain, Company E. Forty-seventh Iowa Infantry; J. D. Jenks, 
brevet lieutenant colonel, First Iowa Cavalry ; William R. Shriver, first lieutenant. 
First Iowa Cavalry ; William Pursell, captain, Company I. Fourth Iowa Cavalry ; 
J. R. Lambert, first lieutenant, Company I, Fourth Iowa Cavalry; William Hast- 
ings, first lieutenant Company I, Fourth Cavalry; William Early, first lieutenant 
Company I, Fourth Iowa Cavalry ; E. W. Raymond, quartermaster sergeant. Com- 
pany I, Fourth Iowa Cavalry ; William W. Buchanan, second lieutenant. Company 
E, Fifth Iowa Cavalry; M. R. Tidrick, first lieutenant Company G, Third Iowa 

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Infantry; R. A. Stitts, adjutant, Fourth Iowa Infantry; D. E. Cooper, captain 
Company F, Fourth Iowa Infantry; A. J. Tisdale, captain Company F, Fourth 
Iowa Infantry; Leander Pitzer, first lieutenant Company F, Fourth Iowa In- 
fantry; John A. Kelly, first lieutenant Company F, Fourth Iowa Infantry; Josiah 
McLeod, quartermaster sergeant, Third Infantry ; John M. Cooper, second lieu- 
tenant Company F, Fourth Iowa Cavalry ; Davis S. Smith, first lieutenant Com- 
pany K, Eleventh Iowa Infantry ; George Gregory, second lieutenant Company K, 
Eleventh Iowa Infantry ; J. W. Stiffler, second lieutenant Company K, Tenth Iowa 
Infantry ; J. H. Goolman, captain Company H, Twenty-third Iowa Infantry ; S. G. 
Beckwith, first lieutenant Company A, Twenty-third Iowa Infantry; J. L. Ship- 
ley, first lieutenant Company H, Twenty-third Iowa Infantry ; J. D. Ewing, first 
lieutenant Company H, Twenty-third Iowa Infantry ; Robert E. Martin, first lieu- 
tenant Company C, Thirty-third Iowa Infantry. Of the above named officers, 
J. D. Ewing, Leander Pitzer, O. C. Ayers and J. P. Jones were killed in battle, or 
died of wounds received while in battle. 


The roster of names which follows is taken from the latest reports prepared 
in the office of the adjutant general of the State of Iowa, and it may be said to be 
complete and correct. In looking over the roster as published in the history of 
Madison County of 1879, quite a number of names were omitted and some mis- 
spelled. It has been sought in this endeavor to avoid errors and not omit the name 
of one worthy to appear in this roll. But when the attempt is made to publish the 
name of every person from Madison County who served in the Civil war, it is 
practically impossible, as there were many who enlisted while away from home in 
regiments belonging to other states. However, insofar as unremitting efforts on 
the part of the adjutant general's office are concerned, the roster of Madison 
County's heroes should be considered intact: 



Blakeley, George H., enlisted May 27, 1861 ; veteranized January 4, 1864, in 
Second Infantry. 

Dick Reuben, enlisted May 21, 1861. 

Etherton, Stephen, enlisted May 27, 1861. 

Huffman, Joseph, enlisted May 27, 1861. 

McLeod, Josiah, enlisted May 20, 1861 ; promoted to quartermaster sergeant ; 
taken prisoner at Shiloh, April 6, 1862 ; discharged March 28, 1863. 

Murray, Benjamin F., enlisted May 21, 1861 ; taken prisoner at Shiloh. 

Newlon, William C, enlisted May 21, 1861 ; promoted to third sergeant; 
slightly wounded at Shiloh ; lost a leg; discharged April 6, 1863. 

Reayer, James H., entered Second Veteran Infantry June 21, 1864. 

Ruby, Samuel G., Eighth Corps; enlisted May 21, 1861 ; discharged July 8, 
1862, for disability. 

Tidrick, Miller R., enlisted May 20, 1861 ; appointed commissary sergeant 
June 8, 1861 ; promoted October 22, 1861 ; resigned May 23, 1862. 

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Warner, Ephraim P., enlisted May 21, 1861 ; wounded at Shiloh; discharged 
September 12, 1862. 



Moore, John, enlisted July 10, 1861. 


Unless otherwise specified, the members of this company enlisted July i, 1861. 

Henry J. B. Cummings, captain ; transferred to Thirty-ninth Infantry, Septem- 
ber 14, 1862, with the rank of colonel. 

Robert A. Stitt, first lieutenant ; appointed adjutant May 28, 1862 ; promoted to 
captain, September 12, 1862; wounded at Vicksburg; resigned December 6, 1863. 

John S. Goshom, second lieutenant ; resigned April 22, 1862. 

William McCreery, enlisted July i, 1861 ; first sergeant. 

Leander Pitzer, second sergeant; promoted to second lieutenant April 14, 
1862; promoted to first lieutenant May, 1862; wounded at Vicksburg, December 
29, 1862; died of wounds at Paducah, January 23, 1863. 

Daniel E. Cooper, third sergeant; promoted to second lieutenant June i, 1862; 
promoted to captain, December 27, 1863 ; resigned September 30, 1864. 

John F. Smith, enlisted July i, 1861, fourth sergeant. 

Thomas M. Stiffler, fifth sergeant; wounded at Chickasaw Bayou and Vicks- 
burg; died of wound August 14, 1863. 

James Bunson, enlisted July i, 1861, first corporal; discharged April 3, 1862, 
for rheumatism. 

John Faurote, third corporal ; promoted to first corporal. 

William Porter, second corporal ; discharged April 3, 1862, for rheumatism. 

James H. Stafford, fifth corporal; promoted to second corporal; wounded at 
Chickasaw Bayou; killed in action at Cherokee, October 23, 1863. 

John M. Cooper, private ; promoted to sixth corporal, April 3, 1862 ; first lieu- 
tenant, December 2^, 1863; mustered out as private September 4, 1864, commis- 
sion being revoked. 

William H. Fowkes, fourth corporal; discharged for rheumatism, April 3, 

George W. Tibbies, sixth corporal ; promoted to third corporal. 

Adoniram J. Tisdale, seventh corporal ; promoted to fourth corporal ; promoted 
to second lieutenalnt, January 25, 1863 ; promoted to captain, September 30, 1864, 
vice Coopei: resigning. 

George D. Sullivan, eighth corporal ; promoted to fifth corporal, December 26, 

Abraham Guilliams, musician; wounded at Pea Ridge, March 7, 1862. 

William Guilliams, musician. 

Wilford W. Crandall, wagoner; wounded at Pea Ridge; taken prisoner at 
Clayville, Arkansas. 


AUoway, Benjamin F., enlisted August 21, 1862; died at White River, Arkan- 
sas, July 8, 1863. 

Digitized by 



Ambreast, Casper, wounded at Pea Ridge. 

Anderson, Elisha. 

Archer, Henry H., enlisted March ii, 1864. 

Ault, Augustus, enlisted February 27, 1864. 

Barrett, Joseph, promoted seventh corporal, April 3, 1862. 

Bird, Anderson, wounded at Pea Ridge. 

Brinson, David A., enlisted August 21, 1862 ; died at Young's Point, Louisiana, 
February 7, 1863, of disease. 

Brinson, James, discharged for disability April 3, 1862. 

Brinson, Thomas, enlisted August 21, 1862; discharged for disability at 
Young's Point, Louisiana, February 7, 1863. 

Brinson, William, enlisted August 21, 1862. 

Baker, David E., discharged August 5, 1863. 

Banta, Henry D., appointed hospital steward, January i, 1862. 

Bell, Rufus, promoted to eighth corporal; promoted seventh corporal; mus- 
tered out July 24, 1865. 

Brooks, Gilbert M., mustered out September 4, 1864. 

Bruce, John R., enlisted March 21, 1862. 

Burdick, Albert M., wounded in face at Pea Ridge ; discharged at Black River, 
Mississippi, August 18, 1863. 

Cason, John J., enlisted August 21, 1862; discharged June 12, 1863. 

Cason, Joshua H., discharged September 28, 1864, for disability. 

Clary, Henry C, enlisted August 21, 1862; mustered out July 24, 1865. 

Qine, William R., enlisted November 15, 1861 ; discharged August 4, 1863. 

Collins, Milton, wounded at Vicksburg; died at Vicksburg, July 28, 1863. 

Compton, James R., taken prisoner at Clayville, Arkansas. 

Conard, Jackson, discharged May 16, 1862, at Bates ville, Arkansas. . 

Conard, John, mustered out July 24, 1865. 

Conard, Joshua, mustered out July 24, 1865. 

Curry, William R., enlisted July i, 1861. 

Darby, John E., enlisted March 31, 1864; discharged June 18, 1865. 

Davis, George B., enlisted July 8, 1861 ; wounded at Pea Ridge. 

Davis, William H., enlisted March 19, 1864. 

Debusk, Elihu, died of fever at Rolla, November 17, 1861. 

Debusk, Isaac, enlisted November 15, 1861 ; died of grief at Cassville, Mis- 
souri, March 16, 1S62, 

Debusk, William S., died of wounds at Pea Ridge. 

Decker, Ethel, enlisted July i, 1861. 

Dorrance, Alexander P., enlisted August 15, 1862; killed at Walnut Hills, Mis- 
sissippi, May 19, 1863. 

Dorrance, James H., wounded at Pea Ridge and Chickasaw. 

Dunsmore, Daniel G., enlisted July i, 1861. 

Easton, John A., wounded at Pea Ridge, discharged at St. Louis. 

Epperson, James M., discharged for tetanus, September 18, 1861. 

Evans, Jesse B., discharged for disability March 14, 1864. 

Faqua, Charles B., enlisted April 11, 1864. 

Faqua, John H., enlisted April 11, 1864. 

Flanigan, William, discharged May 16, 1862, at Batesville, Arkansas. 

Digitized by 



Ford, Ivan S., enlisted February 29, 1864. 

Fowler, Thomas M., discharged at Keokuk, November 24, 1864. 

Fuqua, John H., enlisted July i, 1861 ; mustered out July 24, 1865. 

Garrett, Andrew. 

Gearhard, Abrani, discharged at Batesville, May 16, 1862. 

Gilliland, Daniel W., enlisted April 2, 1862. 

Goodwin, William H. H., wounded at Vicksburg. 

Guilliams, Benton C., enlisted March 19, 1864. 

Guilliams, George, discharged for wounds March 23, 1865. 

Harris, Samuel B., enlisted July 10, 1861. 

Hess, William J., enlisted November i, 1862; discharged November 21, 1862. 

Holliday, John Milton, enlisted January i, 1862; wounded at Pea Ridge; dis- 

Hood, J. K. P., enlisted March 28, 1864. 

Jessup, Isaac, enlisted August 15, 1862; transferred to Invalid Corps, August 
28, 1864. 

Jumper, George W., discharged December 18, 1861 ; for rheumatism. 

Kelley, Alfred, enlisted October 15, 1861 ; wounded at Chickasaw Bayou, 
December 29, 1862 ; died at Paducah, Kentucky, January 19, 1863. 

Kelley, John H., enlisted July 10, 1861 ; promoted to first lieutenant, Novem- 
ber II, 1864. 

Kelso, William C, enlisted March 29, 1864. 

Kinkennon, N. W., enlisted August 15, 1862; transferred April 28, 1864, to 
Invalid Corps. 

Kinkennon, Jacob P., enlisted November 15, 1861 ; discharged May 15, 1862. 

Laflin, William A., enlisted November 15, 1861 ; transferred to Invalid Corps, 
January 15, 1864. 

Logan, William, wounded at Pea Ridge; discharged December 20, 1862. 

McConkey, Phineas, enlisted November 15, 1861. 

Mackey, Thomas, enlisted February 27, 1864. 

Mackey, William J., enlisted November 15, 1861. 

Martin, Andrew C, discharged December i, 1862. 

Moore, Anderson, enlisted August 16, 1862; wounded at Chickasaw Bayou; 
discharged June 6, 1863. 

Nicholson, Dwight, promoted to eighth corporal, April 3, 1862. 

Osbom, Philip, enlisted August 28, 1862 ; died at Young's Point, February 22, 

Pearce, James H., enlisted April 7, 1864; killed in action at Kenesaw Moun- 
tain, June 27, 1864. 

Ray, Isaac, enlisted August 12, 1862. 

Reel, Thomas A., enlisted November 15, 1861 ; died at Kewanna, Indiana, 
March 20, 1864. 

Runkle, John M., enlisted November 15, 1861 ; wounded at Chickasaw Bayou 
and discharged. 

Scott, John W., enlisted August 21, 1862; wounded at Vicksburg; died at 
Young's Point, Louisiana, 1863. 

Sherfy, Jacob D., enlisted November 15, 1861 ; died February 5, 1863. 

Vol. 1—13 

Digitized by 



Shortess, Chris C, enlisted November 15, 1861 ; died of measles, February r6, 

Smith, George W., wounded at Chickasaw Bayou; captured February 2, 1864. 

Smith, Isaac N., enlisted March 21, 1864. 

Smith, John W., wounded at Pea Ridge, March 7, 1864; died March 17, at 
Cassville, Missouri, of wounds. 

Smith, Orseneth F., wounded at Pea Ridge; discharged October 30, 1864. 

Smith, Thomas P., enlisted February 20, 1864. 

Stafford, Oliver P., enlisted August 12, 1862 ; discharged February 19, 1863. 

Starks, Doane, enlisted July i, 1861. 

Sturman, James, wounded at Pea Ridge, March 7; died March 11, 1862. 

Sturman, John J., enlisted July i, 1861. 

Stewart, Elisha C, wounded at Pea Ridge. 

Stiffler, George L., enlisted November 15, 1861 ; wounded at Chickasaw Bayou. 

Stiffler, Henry, wounded at Chickasaw Bayou, August 3, 1863. 

Stiffler, John W., enlisted February 27, 1864; mustered out for reenlistment. 

Tedford, Alexander H., wounded at Chickasaw Bluffs ; died February 9, 1863. 

Tibbies, Charles E., taken prisoner at Clayville, Arkansas. 

Tilton, Roswell S., enlisted November 15, 1861 ; wounded at Chickasaw Bayou. 

Troutman, William F., enlisted November 15, 1861 ; wounded at Chickasaw 

Van Doren, Corydon, enlisted November 15, 1861. 

Venard, Sylvester, transferred to Invalid Corps. 

Walker, William M., enlisted February 23, 1864; died October 16, 1865, at 
Marietta, Georgia. 

Wilderson, Charles E., died of disease at Wilmington, North Carolina, April 
25, 1865. t 

Wilderson, Samuel, enlisted July i, 1861. 

Williams, Joseph D., died September 17, 1861, from hernia. 

Williams, Joseph W., discharged for disability May 16, 1862. 

Williamson, John H., wounded at Chickasaw Bluffs; died at Young's Point 
of wounds, February 14, 1863. 



George Gregory, enlisted September 2, 1861 ; commissioned second lieutenant 
January 8, 1862; wounded at Champion Hills, resigned July 31, 1863. 

David S. Smith, enlisted September 2, 1861, first sergeant; wounded at Cham- 
pion Hills, May 16, 1863; promoted second lieutenant, August i, 1863; killed at 
Missouri Ridge, November 23, 1863. 

Oziah A. Moser, enlisted May i, 1861, fifth sergeant; wounded at Vicksburg; 
discharged March 7, 1862. 

J. P. Lytle, enlisted September 2, 1861, fourth corporal; killed at Champion 

Alexander Eskew, enlisted September 2, 1861 ; promoted to corporal. 

P. V. Carpenter, enlisted September 2, 1861 ; sixth sergeant ; wounded at 
Corinth, October 4, 1862; discharged February 12, 1863. 

Digitized by 



Samuel T. Ferguson, enlisted September 2, 1862; promoted to eighth corporal; 
killed at Champion Hills. 

John W. Stiffler, enlisted September 28, 1861, second sergeant; promoted 
second lieutenant, August i, 1863; killed at Missionary Ridge, November 25, 1863. 


Ansley, Josiah D., enlisted September 2, 1861 ; discharged April 18, 1862. 

Arnold, Eli, enlisted September 2, 1861. 

Bell, Allen, enlisted September 13, 1862. 

Bell, J., enlisted December 16, 1861. 

Boardman, Mahlen N., enlisted September 2, 1861 ; wounded at Charleston, 
Missouri, June 8, 1862; discharged October 27, 1862. 

Bowers, Alanson, enlisted November 30, 1861 ; discharged November 30, 1862. 

Brown, James B., enlisted September 2, 1861 ; discharged April 18, 1862. 

Burson, Clement, September 2, 1861 ; discharged March 23, 1862. 

Clary, Cyrus C, enlisted September 2, 1861 ; died at Mound City, Indiana^ 
April II, 1862. 

Clary, David, enlisted September 2, 1861. i; 

Dillman, Samuel A., enlisted December 3, 1861. J"' 

Grover, Amos, enlisted September 2, 1861. 

Johnson, G. W., enlisted September 2, 1861 ; died at Cape Girardeau, Missouri, 
November 13, 1861, of fever. 

Keebles, William H., enlisted September 2, 1861 ; wounded at Champion Hills; 
veteranized January i, 1864. 

Keys, William J., enlisted September 2, 1861 ; wounded at Chattanooga, No- 
vember 25, 1863; veteranized February i, 1864. 

Lympus, Nathan S., enlisted December, 1861 ; wounded at Charleston, Mis- 
souri, January 8, 1862. 

McNeeley, James, enlisted December 16, 1861 ; discharged July 16, 1862. 

Mark, Andrew, enlisted December 4, 1861 ; discharged April 20, 1862. 

Myers, Jonathan G., enlisted September 2, 1861 ; wounded at Champion 
Hills; died May 25, 1863. 

Northern, Bartley, enlisted December 14, 1861. 

Parker, Milton, enlisted December 7, 1861 ; discharged at Corinth, October 
16, 1862. 

Spencer, Alexander G., enlisted September 2, 1861 ; discharged for disability, 
April 22, 1862. 

Stiffler, James H., enlisted September 2, 1861. 

Thomas, Willis, enlisted December 7, 1861 ; discharged April 22, 1862, for 

Tomey, James, enlisted September 2, 1861 ; captured at Chattanooga, Novem- 
ber 25, 1863; died at Andersonville prison. May 23, 1864. 

Westerman, Adolph, enlisted September 2, 1861 ; discharged at Hamburg, 
April 28, 1862. 

Young, Jesse C, enlisted November 30, 1861 ; mustered out December 19, 1861. 



Benedict, Dewitt C. 

Digitized by 




Anderson, George. 

Brittin, Joseph D., enlisted October 2, 1861 ; mustered out November 9, 1861 ; 
died of smallpox, May 6, 1862, at Pittsburg Landing, Tenn. 

Burger, August F., enlisted September 29, 1861 ; promoted seventh corporal, 
November 14, 1864; sixth corporal, January i, 1865; fifth corporal, March 14, 
1865; fourth corporal, April 14, 1865; mustered out July 24, 1865, at Louisville, 

Burger, Frederick, enlisted March 31, 1864; wounded in left hand, August 26, 
1864, near Atlanta, Georgia; mustered out July 24, 1865, at Louisville, Kentucky. 

Cracroft, Milton T., enlisted September 17, 1861 ; mustered out July 24, 1865, 
at Louisville, Kentucky. 

Folwell, James D., enlisted September 23, 1861 ; discharged March 23 ; died 
of phthisis, December 8, 1862. 

Folwell, John M., enlisted September 23, 1861 ; promoted eighth corporal, 
November 26, 1862; fifth corporal; died of congestive chills, August 28, 1863, 
at Vicksburg, Mississippi. 

Hubbard, Isaac D., enlisted October 2, 1861 ; wounded July 21, 1864, near 
Atlanta, Georgia ; died of wounds July 24, 1864. 

Moore, John H. 

Powell, Elihu. 

Quinnett, Vandamon. 

Reigle, Benjamin, enlisted September 23, 1861 ; died of pneumonia at Win- 
terset May 12, 1862. 

Spethman, Leopold, enlisted September 23, 1861 ; discharged March 9', 1863, 
for disability. 

Watson, Joseph H., enlisted October 2, 1861 ; discharged for disability Febru- 
ary 6, 1863, at Vicksburg, Mississippi. 

Wiggans, Van Buren, enlisted September 18, 1861 ; second sergeant; resigned 
and discharged for disability, September 30, 1862. 



Schoen, William, enlisted October i, 1861 ; discharged for disability, Sep- 
tember 12, 1862, at Keokuk, Iowa. 



Evans, Lorenzo D., enlisted June 14, 1862. 


Clanton, Thomas H., enlisted January 25, 1865. 
Collins, Henry, enlisted January 25, 1865. 
Conn, Francis M., enlisted January 25, 1865. 

Digitized by 



Fincher, Benjamin W., enlisted January 25, 1865 5 transferred to Twenty-ninth 
Iowa Infantry. 

Greer, John L., enlisted January 25, 1865 J transferred to Twenty-ninth Iowa 
Infantry July 23, 1865. 

Ilor, George, enlisted January 25, 1865; transferred to Twenty-ninth Iowa 

Mullan, John, enlisted January 25, 1865; transferred to Twenty-ninth Iowa 
Infantry July 23, 1865. 

Pursinger, Isaac A., enlisted January 25, 1865 ; died March 18, 1865, at Fort 
Gaines, Alabama. 


James F. Goolman, enlisted July 22, 1862; commissioned captain September 
19; resigned June 24, 1863. 

Sylvester G. Beckwith, enlisted July 22, 1862; commissioned first lieutenant 
September 19, 1862; wounded at Black River Bridge; died of wound June 5, 1863. 

William Mills, enlisted August 27, 1862; commissioned second lieutenant 
August 2^'^ resigned August 26, 1863. 

John D. Wight Ewing, enlisted July 22, 1862; first sergeant; promoted to 
second lieutenant; wounded at Black River Bridge; died at Memphis of disease 
July 20, 1863. 

John E. Roberts, enlisted August 9, 1862; third sergeant. 

John D. Craven, enlisted August 22, 1862; third sergeant. 

Andrew C. Beerbower, enlisted July 23, 1862; fourth sergeant; killed at Milli- 
ken's Bend, Louisiana, June 7, 1863. 

John Miller, enlisted August 9, 1862 ; fifth sergeant ; promoted to first sergeant ; 
wounded at Black River Bridge, Mississippi, May 17, 1863; died May 19. 

Zenas Whaley, enlisted August 9, 1862; first corporal. 

Robert A. Matthews, enlisted July 24, 1862; second corporal; discharged June 
3, 1863, for disability. 

John Myers, enlisted August 9, 1862 ; third corporal. 

Seymour B. Williams, enlisted August 9, 1862; fourth corporal; wounded at 
Spanish Fort, Alabama, March 30, 1865 ; died April 2, 1865. 

Thomas S. Myers, enlisted August 4, 1862; fifth corporal; discharged for 
disability March 23, 1865. 

John Hamblin, enlisted August 4, 1862; sixth corporal. 

Jesse Truitt, enlisted August 9, 1862; seventh corporal; wounded at Black 
River Bridge, Mississippi, May 17, 1863. 

Bevoni C. Howell, enlisted August 9, 1862; eighth corporal; discharged for 
disability August 26, 1863. 

Lewis Kimer, enlisted August 12, 1862; musician. 

William C. Jones, enlisted August 2, 1862 ; wagoner. 


Armstrong, James F., enlisted March 29, 1864. 

Balentine, Alexander J., enlisted August 9, 1862; died October 10, 1863, 
on steamer Southwester. 

Digitized by 



Barker, Thomas C, enlisted July 26, 1862; discharged for disability March 
13, 1863. 

Berry, Benjamin H., enlisted July 20, 1862. 

Berry, William T., enlisted July 20, 1862; wounded at Black River Bridge; 
promoted to corporal; died at Vicksburg of disease August 11, 1863. 

Bishop, Ransom, enlisted August 11, 1862; died February 27, 1863, at Iron 
Mountain, Missouri. 

Breeding, James E., enlisted August 9, 1862; discharged for disability March 
2, 1863. 

Brooks, Hiram C, enlisted August 9, 1862 ; died September 3, 1863, ^^ Win- 

Bowse, James, enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Carey, Marion, enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Casteel, Isaac, enlisted July 21, 1862; wounded at Black River Bridge. 

Compton, David, enlisted July 31, 1862. 

Compton, John F., enlisted August i, 1862; discharged April 10, 1863, for 

Conrad, Samuel, enlisted August 12, 1862. 

Cooper, Henry, enlisted August i, 1862. 

Cregmiles, William A., enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Crumbaker, Andrew J., enlisted July 28, 1862; died of fever at Memphis 
July 3, 1863. 

Davidson, Daniel N., enlisted August 13, 1862; promoted to corporal; died at 
Vicksburg July 31, 1863. 

Drake, Curtis M., enlisted August 9, 1862 ; died of measles at St. Louis No- 
vember 3, 1862. 

Dtunstry, August, enlisted July 24, 1862; died at Black River Bridge April 
25, 1863. 

Evans, Lorenzo D., enlisted June 14, 1862 ; mustered out July 26, 1865. 

Folks, Morgan O., enlisted July 9, 1862; discharged February 16, 1863, ^^r 

Forster, Aaron M., enlisted August 2, 1862. 

Ford, Lewis, enlisted July 26, 1862 ; discharged May 19, 1863, ^^r disability. 

Gibbons, Joseph A., enlisted July 21, 1862; died July 9, 1863, at Black River 
Bridge, of disease. 

Goe, William G., enlisted July 5, 1862; died July 8, 1863, at Vicksburg. 

Green, John C, enlisted March 28, 1864; died at Limesport, Louisiana, 
October 6, 1864. 

Green, John L., enlisted July 2, 1862; discharged August 8, 1863, for dis- 

Hamblin, Columbus C, enlisted July 26, 1862; died August 16, 1863, ^^ 

Harlow, William R., enlisted August 8, 1863; discharged November 15, 1864, 
for disability. 

Hecock, Samuel C, enlisted July i, 1862. 

Hecock, William, enlisted August 12, 1862. 

Henkle, Joseph, enlisted August 18, 1862; discharged November 9, 1864, for 

Digitized by 



Hiatt, Nathan W., enlisted July 21, 1862; wounded at Port Gibson May i, 
1863 ; died at DuvaFs Bluff, December 2^, 1864. 

Hubbard, Cyrus C, enlisted August 5, 1862; died January 27, 1863, en route 
to Rolla, Missouri. 

Jesse, William T., enlisted August 9, 1862; wounded at Black River Ridge 
May 17, 1863. 

Johns, Abijah B., enlisted August 9, 1862; died August 16, 1863, at St. Charles, 

Johnson, Benjamin, enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Kendall, John, enlisted August 9, 1862; discharged November 17, 1862, for 

Kinnaird, George H., enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Kirk, Charles W., enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Lane, Reuben C, enlisted August 2, 1862. 

Lee, Reuben G., enlisted August 9, 1862 ; died at Patterson, Missouri, October 
22, 1862. 

Likins, John M., enlisted August 2, 1862; died at Milliken's Bend, July 20, 

Lynch, Robert, enlisted March 19, 1864; transferred to Twenty-ninth Iowa 
Infantry, July 23, 1865. 

Lynch, Peter S., enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Mahew, William M., enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Mann, James W., enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Marchel, John, enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Marley, Alexander, enlisted July 31, 1863. 

Matthews, Richard, enlisted August 9, 1862; discharged November 17, 1862. 

McBee, James, enlisted August 8, 1862; discharged for disability, August 8, 

McClintock, John E., enlisted December 28, 1863; transferred to Veteran 
Reserve Corps, June 17, 1864. 

McClintock, James M., enlisted August 11, 1862; died at New Orleans, No- 
vember II, 1863. 

•McDaniel, Allen H., enlisted July 22, 1862. 

McWiUiams, Samuel M., enlisted July 31, 1862; died of disease, November 
13, 1862. 

Mount, William A., enlisted August 14, 1862; discharged May 19, 1863, ^^r 

Myers, Asahel W., enlisted August 8, 1863. 

Noble, John, enlisted December 2, 1863. 

Noble, William, enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Oldham, Jesse, enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Peter, Zachariah G., enlisted August 5, 1862. 

Porter, George W., enlisted March 21, 1864. 

Powell, Rolando, enlisted August 6, 1862 ; died August 28, 1863, at Memphis. 

Pursinger, Morgan D., enlisted August 9, 1862; wounded at Black River 

Pursinger, William W., enlisted August 12, 1862; wounded at Black River 
Bridge, May 17, 1863. 

Digitized by 



Reel, William H., enlisted August i8, 1862. 

Richmond, William S., enlisted August 15, 1862; wounded at Black River 

Rollins, Caleb, enlisted August 12, 1862; wounded at Black River Bridge. 

Rollins, Isaac L., enlisted July 26, 1862 ; transferred to Veteran Corps. 

Rollins, John J., enlisted August 9, 1862; wounded at Spanish Fort, Alabama. 

Shepherd, Alexander S., enlisted August 4, 1862. 

Shipley, John L., enlisted August 20, 1863. 

Shoemaker, William W., enlisted July 26, 1862; wounded at Black River 

Short, Hubbard S., enlisted August 20, 1862. 

Smith, James, enlisted August 9, 1862; wounded at Black River Bridge; 
died of wounds August 11, 1863. 

Stephens, Joel R., enlisted August 11, 1862; wounded at Black River Bridge. 

Utter, H. L., enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Weaver, Ephraim B., enlisted February 26, 1864. 

Weaver, William J., enlisted March 26, 1864; transferred to Twenty-ninth 
Infantry, July 23, 1865. 

Weeks, Finley G., enlisted August i, 1862. 

Wilder, Nahum E., enlisted August 9, 1862; wounded at Black River Bridge 
and Spanish Fort. 

Williams, Joseph C, enlisted August 16, 1862 ; wounded at Black River Bridge, 
May 17, 1863, and at Spanish Fort, Alabama, March 30, 1865. 

Wine, Elijah S., enlisted August 12, 1862. 

Wine, George S., enlisted January 23, 1864. 

Winkley, Luther W., enlisted August 9, 1862; wounded at Black River 

Youhg, William E., enlisted August 12, 1862; died at Vicksburg, of disease, 
June 28, 1863. 

Young, Eugene M., enlisted March 16, 1864. 

Young, Henry L., enlisted March 16, 1864; died at St. Charles, Arkansas, of 
fever, August i, 1864. 



Martin, Robert E., first sergeant; promoted second lieutenant, January 14, 
1863; promoted to first lieutenant Company B, consolidated regiment, March 
5, 1863. 

Harbison, Mathew H., eighth corporal; died at Memphis, January 20, 1863. 

Monteith, John W., musician. 


Harbison, William P., discharged April 6, 1863, at Chicago, for disability. 
McGinnis, George, died April 21, 1863, at St. Louis. 
Way, John C, enlisted August 13, 1862. 

Digitized by 




Blosser, Noah, died February 6, 1863, at St. Lx)uis. 
Blosser, Christian, enlisted August 19, 1862. 
Potter, WiUiam J., enHsted August 19, 1862. 

Reed, John R., enlisted August 20, 1862; discharged June 21, 1864, ^^^ dis- 

Sheldon, David, enlisted August 19, 1862. 

Stichler, Samuel A., discharged April 13, 1863, at St. Louis, disability. 

Stichler, Mathias, died March 4, 1864, at New Orleans. 


H. J. B. Cummings, colonel. 

Frederick Mott, quartermaster; enlisted and commissioned September 15, 
1862; appointed captain and A. A. G., February 3, 1865. 

William L. Leonard, assistant surgeon ; enlisted and commissioned September 
17, 1862. 

Thomas J. Taylor, chaplain; enlisted and commissioned October 3, 1862; 
resigned July 13, 1863. 

John M. Andrews, quartermaster sergeant; enlisted August 17, 1862; ap- 
pointed November 24, 1862. 


George N. Elliott, captain; enlisted August 8, 1862; commissioned November 
24, 1862; promoted to major; promoted to lieutenant colonel. May 4, 1864; mus- 
tered out as major. 

Oliver C. Ayers, first lieutenant; enlisted August 8, 1862; commissioned 
November 24, 1862. 

Jonathan B. Rawls, second lieutenant; enlisted August 11, 1862; wounded at 
Parker's Cross Roads, December 31, 1862; resigned April 2, 1864. 

John P. Jones, first sergeant; enlisted August 11, 1862; wounded at Parker's 
Cross Roads; killed at Allatoona, October 5, 1864. 

Philip M. Boyles, second sergeant; enlisted August 12, 1862; discharged 
September 9, 1863. 

James F. Brock, third sergeant; enlisted August 13, 1862; captured at Alla- 
toona, October 5, 1864. 

Thomas Ansley, fourth sergeant; enlisted August 8, 1862; died at Davenport, 
December 24, 1862. 

Samuel S. Guiberson, fifth sergeant ; enlisted August 8, 1862 ;- promoted to 
fourth sergeant, December 31, 1862; first lieutenant and then captain, January 
28, 1865. 

Charles T. Jones, first corporal; enlisted August 14, 1862. 

David Applegate, second corporal; enlisted August 8, 1862. 

Martin B. Ruby, third corporal; enlisted August 13, 1862; killed at Allatoona, 
October 5, 1864. 

Charles S. Armstrong, fourth corporal ; enlisted August 8, 1862 ; promoted to 
fifth sergeant, December 31, 1862; promoted to first sergeant and first lieutenant, 
March 26, 1865. 

Digitized by 



James S. Wallace, fifth corporal; enlisted August ii, 1862. 

John S. Tullis, sixth corporal; enlisted August 11, 1862; wounded at Alla- 
toona; discharged February 24, 1865. 

John W. Barber, seventh corporal ; enlisted August 14, 1862 ; discharged De- 
cember 15, 1863. 

Jesse Williams, eighth corporal ; enlisted August 13, 1862 ; wounded at Parker's 
Cross Roads. 

Benjamin F. Bowlsby, musician; enlisted August 22, 1862. 

William N. White, musician ; enlisted August 14, 1862. 

John S. Maggs, wagoner; enlisted August 22, 1862. 


Alexander, James F., enlisted August 22, 1862. 

Allcock, Lorenzo W., enlisted August 8, 1862 ; promoted to corporal ; wounded 
at AUatoona; discharged March 13, 1865. 

Allen, Benjamin, enlisted August, 1862-; died at Davenport, November 20, 1862. 

Allen, Isaac, enlisted August 8, 1862. 

Bates, Lewis F., enlisted August 8, 1862 ; wounded at Parker's Cross Roads. 

Bethel, George W., enlisted August 16, 1862. 

Betts, George W., enlisted August 12, 1862. 

Bertholf, John W., enlisted August 22, 1862. 

Boling, James W., enlisted August 8, 1862; captured at Parker's Cross Roads; 
discharged April 4, 1863. 

Breeding, Joseph A., enlisted August 12, 1862; discharged August 24, 1863. 

Brittain, Alfred, enlisted August 22, 1862. 

Brittain, Pleasant, enlisted August 22, 1862. 

Brown, Edward, enlisted August 14, 1862; wounded at Parker's Cross Roads; 
died at Jackson, Mississippi, of wounds, February 27, 1863. 

Brown, George, enlisted August 12, 1862. 

Brown, Thomas, enlisted August 9, 1862; wounded at Parker's Cross Roads. 

Cady, Henry, enlisted August 22, 1862. 

Carter, Benjamin F., enlisted August 14, 1862; discharged February 25, 1863. 

Cassiday, F. Marion, enlisted August 13, 1862. 

Chase, Henry M., enlisted August 14, 1862; captured at Parker's Cross Roads. 

Chase, George B., enlisted August 10, 1862. 

Church, Benjamin F., enlisted August 13, 1862. 

Compton, Martin, enlisted August 14, 1862 ; discharged May 27, 1863. 

Connoran, Edward F., enlisted August 18, 1862. 

Cook, John H., enlisted August 14, 1862. 

Dabney, Isaac W., enlisted August 9, 1862. 
Debord, Meres C, enlisted August 9, 1862 ; captured at Parker's Cross Roads ; 
discharged June 21, 1864. 

Duncan, John M., enlisted August 11, 1862; captured at AUatoona. 

Fleming, David, enlisted August 10, 1862 ; captured at Parker's Cross Roads. 

Gatchell, Albert A., enlisted August 14, 1862; wounded at AUatoona; dis- 
charged December 12, 1864. 

Goare, William, enlisted August 13, 1862; wounded at AUatoona, October 5, 
1864 ; died October 25th of wounds. 

Digitized by 


















Digitized by 


:.:vv;,,: -j 



Digitized by 



Harlan, John A. P., enlisted August 12, 1862. 

Hindman, John, enlisted August 11, 1862. 

Hollingsworth, Elbert, enlisted August 13, 1862. 

Houston, Reuben J., enlisted February 24, 1864. 

Johnson, Hosea H., enlisted August 12, 1862; captured at Shady Grove, 
Tennessee, December 31, 1862; transferred to Invalid Corps. 

Jones, Caleb Brinton, enlisted August 14, 1862. 

Jones, Thomas, enlisted August 13, 1862; died at Corinth, March 10, 1863, 
of fever. 

Kale, James, enlisted August 10, 1862 ; captured at Shady Grove. 

Kale, William J., enlisted February 24, 1864; killed at Allatoona, October 

5, 1864. 

Kensler, John, enlisted August 22, 1862; captured at Shady Grove. 

Kephart, Abraham, enlisted August 22, 1862. 

Kopp, Theodore, enlisted August 14, 1862; died at Rome, Georgia, of fever, 
August 27, 1864. 

Landis, Isaac N., enlisted August 10, 1862; captured at Allatoona. 

Landis, William Bird, enlisted August 14, 1862; killed at Allatoona, October 

5, 1864. 

Landon, Martin V. B., enlisted Aiigust 14, 1862. 

Large, Upton T., enlisted May 14, 1862; wounded at Allatoona. 

Large, Patrick, enlisted August 22, 1862; died at Davenport, November 19, 

Longnacker, Isaac S., enlisted August 22, 1862. 

Lovelace, Brinton, enlisted November 14, 1862. • 

McKibben, William, enlisted August 22, 1862. 

McKinzie, Aaron, enlisted August 14, 1862; captured at Allatoona. 

McLaughlin, E. D., enlisted August 13, 1862. 

Means, Lewis F., enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Mercer, Clinton T., enlisted August 14, 1862; captured at Allatoona. 

Mills, Albert C, enlisted August 11, 1862; captured at Shady Grove. 

Mills, Ephraim, enlisted August 22, 1862 ; captured at Shady Grove. 

Miller, Benjamin F., enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Morgan, William, enlisted August 10, 1862; died at Winterset, November 19, 

Myers, Daniel M., enlisted August 12, 1862; died at Corinth, May 21, 1863. 

Norman, Lemuel M., enlisted August 14, 1862. 

Oglesbee, John, enlisted August 23, 1862; discharged January 29, 1864. 

Oglesbee, Isaiah, enlisted August 23, 1862; wounded at Allatoona. 

Peach, Leander, enlisted August 10, 1862; died at Des Moines, October 19, 

Peach, Moston W., enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Pendleton, Henry C, enlisted August 22, 1862; died at Corinth, February 3, 
1863, of disease. 

Pontius, Solomon, enlisted August 15, 1862 ; wounded at Parker's Cross Roads, 
December 31, 1862; died of wounds, January 3, 1863. 

Porter, Isaac, enlisted August 12, 1862; wounded at Allatoona; promoted to 
first sergeant April 24, 1865. 

Digitized by 



Rollstin, Porter, enlisted August ii, 1862. 

Ratliff, John W., enlisted August 18, 1862. 

Ray, Joseph, enlisted August 10, 1862; died at Corinth, March 13, 1863, of 

Rhodes, James M., enlisted August 11, 1862; discharged June 24, 1864. 

Rhodes, Pleasant M., enlisted August 22, 1862; captured at Shady Grove. 

Rice, John, . enlisted August 22, 1862. 

Richmond, John, enlisted August 9, 1862. 

Roberts, Benjamin F., enlisted August 22, 1862; captured at Shady Grove; 
discharged June 14, 1865. 

Shupe, Levi I., enlisted August 8, 1862 ; discharged December 9, 1862. 

Siemiller, Cyrus, enlisted August 9, 1864. 

Smith, John, enlisted August 13, 1862. 

Stickle, Boyd J., enlisted August 9, 1862; died at Davenport, December 3, 

Swim, Anthony J., enlisted August 12, 1862. 

Thomson, William D. enlisted August 14, 1862. 

Tucker, Thomas, enlisted August 9, 1862; wounded at Parker's Cross Roads. 

Walker, James Vance, enlisted August 9, 1862 ; discharged March 14, 1863. 

Whitenack, Robert A., enlisted August ^4, 1862. 

Wood, Gilbert D., enlisted August 12, 1862; captured at Shady Grove; dis- 
charged March 9, 1863. 

Young, Robert M., enlisted February 29, 1864. 

Young, Newton W. enlisted August 22, 1862; promoted to fourth sergeant, 
April 24, 1863. 


Joseph M. Browne, captain; enlisted August 22, 1862; wounded at Parker's 
Cross Roads; resigned June 15, 1864. 

Adolphus Bradfield, first lieutenant; enlisted August 22, 1862; promoted to 
captain, June 16, 1864. 

Thomas W. Stiles, second lieutenant, enlisted August 22, 1862; promoted to 
captain, July 14, 1863. 

James A. Wright, first sergeant; enlisted August 22, 1862; discharged Jan- 
uary 24, 1864. 

William Anderson, second sergeant ; enlisted May 22, 1862. 

John Lewis, third sergeant; enlisted August 17, 1862; died at Corinth, 
April 3, 1863. 

John L. Williamson, second corporal; enlisted August 20, 1862. 

Samuel M. Creger, third corporal; enlisted August 20, 1862. 

Lauren M. Stephens, fourth corporal; enlisted August 22, 1862. 

James L. Parks, fifth corporal; enlisted August 22, 1862; wounded at Alla- 
toona; discharged July 6, 1865. 

James M. Cord, sixth corporal; enlisted August 20, 1862; died at Corinth, 
February 6, 1863. 

Joshua S. Wallace, seventh corporal; enlisted August 17, 1863; discharged 
October 30, 1863. 

Digitized by 



Jonathan A. Gordon, musician; enlisted November i, 1862; discharged August 
17, 1863. 

Jonathan Roby, musician; enlisted August 20, 1863. 

Jackson H. Kale, wagoner; enlisted August 20, 1862. 

James Fosher, promoted from private to first corporal, January 11, 1863. 


Baker, Elias, enlisted August 17, 1862. 

Baker, John, enlisted August 22, 1862. 

Baker, Richard, enlisted August 22, 1862; discharged for disability April 6, 

Beickel, George, enlisted August 17, 1862; discharged August i, 1863. 

Beickel, Michael, enlisted August 17, 1862. 

Bradfield, Alvin, enlisted August 17, 1862; promoted fifth sergeant, October 
25, 1864. 

Bradshaw, David, enlisted February 25, 1864; wounded at Allatoona; trans- 
ferred to Veteran Reserve Corps, April 29, 1865. 

Carmichael, Moses A., enlisted August 20, 1862. 

Church, Othello, enlisted August 17, 1862. 

Clear, John, enlisted August 22, 1862. 

Clampitt, Richard M., enlisted August 17, 1862; transferred to United States 
Signal Corps, March 28, 1864. 

Clanton, George, enlisted August 20, 1862. 

Clopton, Robert, enlisted August 20, 1862; died at Cairo, November 7, 1863. 

Conrad, Timothy, enlisted August 20, 1862. 

Creger, James, enlisted August 20, 1862; died at Corinth, August 29, 1863. 

Davis, James R., enlisted August 17, 1862. 

Fife, Samuel, enlisted August 22, 1862. 

Foreman, George W., enlisted August 17, 1862; discharged April 8, 1863^ 

Fosher, James, enlisted August 17, 1862; promoted to first corporal, January 
II, 1863. 

Foster, Reuben J., enlisted August 20, 1862, as eighth corporal; discharged 
February 17, 1863. 

Gordon, Samuel A., enlisted August 20, 1862; discharged August 2, 1863. 

Griffin, John, enlisted August 17, 1862. 

Hallgarth, David, enlisted August 20, 1862; discharged June 21, 1865. 

Harmon, George, enlisted August 20, 1862. 

Henager, John J., enlisted August 17, 1862; wounded at Parker's Cross 

Herren, Henry, enlisted August 22, 1862. 

Hiatt, Elijah, enlisted August 20, 1862. 

Hillen, James, enlisted February 29, 1864; killed in action at Allatoona. 

Hollenbeck, Aaron, enlisted August 20, 1862. 

Holmes, Archibald, enlisted August 22, 1862. 

Holmes, William W., enlisted August, 1862; died at Athens, Alabama, May 
8, 1864. 

Hoselton, Pumal, enlisted August 22, 1862; promoted second corporal, Oc- 
tober 25, 1864. 

Digitized by 



Hubbard, Martin, enlisted August 17, 1862. 

Huglin, John G., enlisted August 20, 1862; wounded at Allatoona. 

Keffer, Samuel, enlisted August 17, 1862. 

Landon, Daniel J., enlisted August 17, 1862. 

Landers, Felix, enlisted August 17, 1862. 

Lee, James M., enlisted August 17, 1862. 

Martin, James H., enlisted August 17, 1862; killed at Allatoona. 

Matthews, S. W., enlisted August 17, 1862. 

McClellan, Benjamin, enlisted August 20, 1862. 

McConnellee, James, enlisted August 20, 1863. 

Miller, William, enlisted August 20, 1862. 

Miller, Joseph H., enlisted March 9, 1863; wounded at Allatoona; died at 
Rome, Georgia, of wounds, October 30, 1864. 

Mount, Edward, enlisted January 25, 1864; wounded at Allatoona. 

Nichols, Amos, enlisted August 17, 1862. 

Nickell, Alexander, enlisted August 22, 1862. 
• Nickell, Isaac, enlisted August 22, 1862; killed in Allatoona. 

Nickle, Robert C, enlisted August 22, 1862, as fifth sergeant; discharged 
for disability, September 21, 1863. 

Parker, Ira, enlisted August 22, 1862. 

Parker, Isaac, enlisted February 22, 1864; killed at Allatoona. 

Robinson, Stephen, enlisted August 17, 1862. 

Robinson, Emery S., enlisted August 22, 1862. 

Roy, Thomas, enlisted August 20, 1862. 

Scott, William, enlisted August 17, 1862. 

Shannon, Harvey, enlisted August 20, 1862; wounded at Parker*s Cross 
Roads ; discharged April 11, 1864. 

Smith, Newlin, enlisted August 24, 1862. 

Stafford, James, enlisted August 20, 1862; discharged January 26, 1863. 

Sutton, Ezra, enlisted August 20, 1862. 

Swearingen, Thomas B., enlisted August 20, 1862. 

Thomburg, William, enlisted August 22, 1862; wounded at Parker's Cross 

Wasson, David N., enlisted August 20, 1862. 

Walter, John H., enlisted August 20, 1862. 

Wheat, Jefferson, enlisted August 17, 1862. 

Wilkins, William L., enlisted August 22, 1862, as fourth sergeant; promoted 
second sergeant February i, 1864. 

Wilkinson, William S., enlisted August 22, 1862; wounded at Parker's Cross 

Willis, Thomas, enlisted August 22, 1862; discharged September 21, 1863. 

Young, Charles H., enlisted August 20, 1862; discharged February 19, 1863. 

Young, George M., enlisted August 22, 1862; captured at Allatoona. 

Young, James, enlisted August 17, 1862. 

Young, Thomas C, enlisted August 20, 1862; discharged April 18, 1865. 


Asbury Nosier, quartermaster sergeant ; promoted from private, Company E. 
August 3, 1864. 

Digitized by 



Joseph H. Mack, hospital steward ; promoted from private Company E. 
Samuel B. Cherry, assistant surgeon. 


John S. Goshom, captain; commissioned June 4, 1864. 

Stiffler, Abraham J., second lieutenant ; commissioned June 4, 1864. 

William Bard, Jr., first sergeant; May 4, 1864. 

Martin M. Gilleran, second sergeant; May 4, 1864. 

Albert B. Stafford, third sergeant; May 4, 1864. 

James B. Ralston, first corporal ; May 4, 1864. 

John S. Bard, second corporal; May 21, 1864. 

Oliver P. Stafford, third corporal; May 4, 1864. 

Thomas Early, fourth corporal ; May 4, 1864. 

Madison Epperson, seventh corporal; May 9, 1864. 

Frederick Cline, eighth corporal; May 9, 1864. 


Acheson, Robert R., enlisted June 4, 1864. 

Amy, Eugene M., enlisted May 9, 1864. 

Amy, John B., enlisted May 9, 1864. 

Barker, David P., enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Beall, Edward, enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Benedict, William T., enKsted May 4, 1864. 

Berry, John H., enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Bishop, Milton S., enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Bixby, Benjamin F., enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Blakeley, Thomas J., enlisted May 16, 1864; died at Helena, Arkansas, June 
18, 1864. 

Brown, John M., enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Bullock, Manville L., enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Compton, George, enlisted May 29, 1864; died at Helena, Arkansas, July 11, 

Cooper, Milton D., enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Cooper, Warren D., enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Crable, John J., enlisted May 27, 1864. 

Danforth, Challen, enlisted May 16, 1864. 

Davis, Peter, enlisted May 15, 1864. 

Deuel, Benjamin F., enlisted May 16, 1864. 

Dewey, James H., enlisted May 29, 1864. 

Dickson, James, enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Duff, John B., enlisted May 16, 1864. 

Farris, Isaac F., enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Flanery, Patrick, enlisted May 16, 1864. 

Foresman, James, enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Foster, Jasper A., enlisted May 9, 1864. 

Gamble, Michael, enlisted May 20, 1864. 

Digitized by 



Griffin, Henry W., enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Hartsook, Salem, enlisted May 27, 1864. 

Hendricks, Joshua, enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Hiatt, Elam, enlisted May 17, 1864. 

Hindman, Robert, enlisted May 16, 1864. 

HolHngsworth, J. J., enlisted May 16, 1864. 

Kirkland, Samuel, enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Kinkennon, James T., enlisted May 4; died at Helena, July 11, 1864. 

Lamb, John B., enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Lathrum, John, enlisted May 16, 1864. 

Lathrop, D wight, enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Mario w, Eddy, enlisted May 16, 1864. 

Martin, Isaac, enlisted May 27, 1864. 

Mack, Joseph H., enlisted May 4, 1864. 

McDonald, Nathaniel, enlisted May 4, 1864; died at Helena, August 13, 1864. 

McLaughlin, F/ J., enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Pearson, George B., enlisted May 6, 1864. 

Poffinbarger, William C., enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Pry or, Matthew G., enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Queen, William H., enlisted May 16, 1864. 

Runkle, John M., enlisted May 16, 1864. 

Smith, Wilson W., enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Spencer, James, enlisted May 16, 1864. 

Weaver, Philip, enlisted May 4, 1864. 

Wheelock, Solomon B., enlisted May 4, 1864. 


Benedict, George W., private, enlisted May 2, 1864. 
Riser, William H., musician, enlisted May 27, 1864. 



Carpenter, William W., enlisted June 25, 1864. 
McClellan, George W., enlisted July 6, 1864. 


Ford, Franklin, enlisted July 4, 1864. 
Howell, Emerson, enlisted July 7, 1864. 
Rudrow, E. V., enlisted May 21, 1864. 



Dillman, Samuel A., enlisted January i, 1864. 
Eskew, Alexander, enlisted January i, 1864. 

Digitized by 



Keebles, William H., enlisted January i, 1864. 
Keys, W. J., enlisted February i, 1864. 
Weekly, Merritt, enlisted February 24, 1864. 



James D. Jenks, first lieutenant; promoted captain, May 4, 1862; promoted to 
major, February 13, 1864. 

William R. Shriver, second lieutenant; enlisted July 31, 1861 ; promoted first 
lieutenant July i, 1862; resigned June 18, 1864. 

Qarence S. Wilson, third sergeant; enlisted June 13, 1861 ; discharged Febru- 
ary 14, 1863. 

Butler Bird, third corporal; enlisted June 13, 1861 ; promoted quartermaster 
sergeant, July i, 1862; discharged February 14, 1863. 

William G. Applegate, seventh corporal; enlisted June 13, 1861 ; promoted to 
saddler's sergeant, September i, 1862. 

E. S. Ewing, bugler; enlisted June 13, 1861 ; promoted regular quartermaster * 
sergeant, August 8, 1861; promoted commissary sergeant, June i, 1862; dis- 
charged June 31, 1865. 

Milton C. Carter, saddler; enlisted July 18, 1861 ; discharged February 14, 


Armstrong, Robert F., enlisted March 7, 1864. 

Andress, Harvey D., enlisted February 18, 1864. 

Barker, Elihu G., enlisted July 18, 1861 ; discharged to accept promotion in 
One Hundred and Thirteenth United States Infantry, A. D. 

Baxley, Francis M., enlisted February 23, 1864. 

Benge, Anderson M., enlisted February 16, 1864; promoted saddler, August 
15, 1865. 

Bird, James H., enlisted July 18, 1861 ; killed by guerrillas. May 15, 1862, 
at Butler, Missouri. 

Burnett, David D., enlisted July 18, 1861 ; promoted to bugler, October 7, 1861 ; 
wounded at Lafayette, Missouri, March 11, 1862. 

Burnett, David W., enlisted July 18, 1861. 

Black, James W., enlisted July 18, 1861 ; discharged October 28, 1861. 

Carter, William C, enlisted July 18, 1861. 

Cleland, Thomas M., enlisted June 13, 1861. 

Colville, George H., ehlisted July 18, 1861 ; died at Sedalia, Missouri, Novem- 
ber 4, 1862. 

Davis, Henry C., enlisted June 10, 1863. 

Flanigan, William, enlisted February 8, 1864; died of disease, January 31, 

Graham, Abel, enlisted September 2, 1862. 

Digitized by 



Graham, John W., enlisted June 13, 1861. 

Graham, William, enlisted June 13, 1861 ; promoted saddler, May 20, 1863. 

Grier, Alvin T., enlisted February 15, 1864. 

Hammon, David, enlisted February 23, 1864. • 

Harmon, Tilman G., enlisted September 14, 1861. 

Hollingsworth, George, enlisted July 18, 1861 ; died April 9, 1863, at Lake 
Springs, Indiana. 

Housh, Charles H., enlisted February 16, 1864. 

Hunt, Charles W., enlisted July 18, 1861. 

Imes, William L., enlisted February 27, 1864. 

Johnson, Benjamin R., enlisted September 14, 1861. 

Kirk, Jacob W., enlisted February 13, 1864. 

Kirkhart, Jacob L., enlisted February i, 1864. 

Lake, Baylis E., enlisted July 18, 1861 ; captured February 23, 1863. 

Lane, William W., enlisted March 4, 1864. 

Ledington, George W., enlisted February 29, 1864. 

Lee, William O., enlisted July 18, 1861. 

Ludlow, William O., enlisted September* 5, 1861. 

McCandless, James K., enlisted September 5, 1861. 

Marks, Elias, enlisted February 9, 1864. 

Moore, Ephraim, enlisted June 15, 1864. 

Peach, Joseph, enlisted February 7, 1864. 

Pitzer, John M., enlisted June 4, 1864. 

Pursel, William, enlisted June 13, 1861 ; promoted captain Company F, Fourth 

Read, George, enlisted June 23, 1861 ; died at Little Rock, November 23, 1863. 

Reynolds, Joseph K., enlisted September 5, 1861. 

Sampson, Carlos E., enlisted June 13, 1861 ; promoted second corporal, Oc- 
tober 7, 1861. 

Shannon, James M., enlisted May 13, 1863. 

Shannon, Samuel E., enlisted July 18, 1861 ; wounded at Montevallo, April 14, 
1862; promoted corporal, but no vacancy reported. 

Shannon, William, enlisted July 18, 1861. 

Shrackengrast, J. W., enlisted February 27, 1864. 

Smith, Jackson C, enlisted September 5, 1861. 

Thomas, Harvey, enlisted July 18, 1861 ; died at Memphis, September 30, 

Turk, William M., enlisted June 13, 1861 ; promoted to first corporal, Septem- 
ber I, 1862. 

Wilkin, Matthew W., enlisted September 5, 1861. 

Williams, John H., enlisted June 13, 1861. 

Wilson, William M., enlisted July, 1861. 


Edward W. Raymond, quartermaster sergeant, enlisted October 14, 1861 ; 
promoted from fifth sergeant Company I ; mustered out February 16, 1865. 

Digitized by 




William Pursel, captain; enlisted July i, 1861 ; resigned October 26, 1864. 

Jesse R. Lambert, first lieutenant, enlisted July i, 1861 ; resigned July 2, 1862. 

George W. Caskey, third sergeant; enlisted October 11, 1861 ; promoted second 
sergeant, February, 1862; killed in action at Brownsville, Mississippi, October 
18, 1863. 

William G. Reynolds, fourth sergeant; enlisted October 21, 1861 ; promoted 
third sergeant, February, 1862; discharged June 18, 1862. 

Edward W. Raymond, fifth sergeant ; enlisted October 14, 1861 ; promoted 
regimental quartermaster sergeant, January i, 1862. 

Edward Johnson, second corporal ; enlisted August 10, 1861 ; 'promoted first 
corporal; transferred to Invalid Corps, March 5, 1864. 

William McConnellee, third corporal; enlisted October 26, 1861 ; promoted 
second corporal February 28, 1862; second lieutenant, April 5, 1863; wounded at 
Bear Creek, Mississippi, June 22, 1863; discharged March 15, 1865. 

S. L. Montgomery, fourth corporal ; enlisted October 25, 1861 ; promoted third 
corporal, February 28, 1862; first sergeant, veterans; died at Memphis, June 15, 

James W. Smalley, fifth corporal; enlisted October 21, 1861. 

William Early, sixth corporal; enlisted November 16, 1861 ; promoted fifth 
sergeant and fourth sergeant, February, 1862, and third sergeant, June i, 1862; 
second lieutenant, April 5, 1863; resigned March 30, 1864. 

Andrew M. Hart, seventh corporal; enlisted November 5, 1861 ; promoted to 
sixth corporal, February 28, 1862; fourth corporal, June 18, 1862; sixth sergeant, 
October 18, 1862; fifth sergeant, November i, 1862; fourth sergeant, June 28, 
1863; Third Corps; discharged September 22, 1864. 

JcAn Ruby, musician; enlisted October 8, 1861. 

M. G. Bullock, eighth corporal ; enlisted October 19, 1861 ; promoted seventh 
corporal, February 28, 1862. 

John W. Dabney, wagoner; enlisted November 18, 1861 ; promoted eighth 
corporal, October 12, 1862; seventh corporal, November i, 1862. 

Alfred Benge, saddler; enlisted Octob,er 15, 1861 ; discharged for disability, 
January 24, 1863. 


Allen, Hiram, enlisted November 21, 1861 ; discharged December 10, 1862. 

Anderson, John B., enlisted October 14, 1861. 

Applegate, Allen, enlisted March 31, 1864. 

Applegate, Andrew, enlisted January 8, 1862. 

Beezley, Nathan, enlisted November 5, 1861 ; killed at Columbus, Georgia, 
April 16, 1865. 

Beall, Leonard B., enlisted October 21, 1861. 

Bell, John J., enlisted November 16, 1861 ; promoted to third sergeant in 1862; 
discharged for disability January 28, 1863. 

Benge, Alfred, enlisted October 15, 1861. 

Bird, Thomas M., enlisted October 21, 1861 ; captured at Black River Bridge, 
June 22, 1863. 

Digitized by 



Blakeley, Charles W., enlisted October 14, 1861 ; discharged at^Batesville, 
Arkansas, June 18, 1862. 

Bressler, William H., enlisted October 19, 1861. 

Bruce, Francis M., enlisted October 24, 1861. 

Campbell, Robert, enlisted October 22, 1861 ; captured at Helena, Arkansas, 
March 27, 1863 ; wounded at Selma, Alabama, April 2, 1865. 

Cutting, Joseph E., enlisted October 11, 1861. 

Collins, Alexander, enlisted October 21, i86i.* 

Currier, Russell G., enlisted October 14, 1861 ; captured at Black River Bridge, 
June 22, 1863. 

Dearduff, Edward, enlisted January 14, 1862. 

Darby, Daniel H., enlisted October 19, 1861 ; discharged April 5, 1863. 

Foresman, Robert W., enlisted November 21, 1861. 

Fosher, William M., enlisted October 23, 1861 ; promoted seventh corporal, 
October 18, 1862; sixth corporal, June i, 1863; fifth sergeant, January 28, 1864; 
first sergeant, veterans, July i, 1864; accidentally drowned in the Ohio River, near 
Elizabethtown, Illinois, February 11, 1865. 

Graham, Chauncey W., enlisted October 11, 1861; promoted to fourth ser- 
geant, veterans, July 11, 1864. 

Hart, George W., enlisted November 20, 1861. 

Hart, Miles H., enlisted November 5, 1861 ; promoted to sixth corporal; fifth 
corporal, February 28, 1862; fourth corporal, June i, 1862; third corporal, June 
18, 1862; second corporal, October 18, 1862; fifth sergeant, November i, 1862; 
fourth sergeant, June 28, 1863; fifth sergeant, veterans, July i, 1864. 

Hastings, William P., enlisted October 14, 1861, as first sergeant. 

Hecock, David, enlisted October 23, 1861. 

Henkle, Sylvester, enlisted October 21, 1861 ; discharged April 13, 1862. 

Hill, David, enlisted November 14, 1861. 

Inns, Stephen, enlisted October 8, 1861. 

Johnson, William, enlisted September i, 1862. 
• Laidley, James M., enlisted September 17, 1862. 

Lull, Alexis, enlisted November 16, 1861 ; captured at Black River Bridge. 

McConnellee, A., enlisted October 26, 1861. 

McNeal, W. H. H., enlisted November 16, 1861 ; died at Helena, February 26, 

Macumber, Andrew, enlisted October 24, 1861. 

Mahoney, John, enlisted October 12, 1861. 

Matthews, Alonzo W., enlisted October 24, 1861 ; died at West Plains, Mis- 
souri, July I, 1862. 

Myers, Samuel, enlisted October 25, 1861. 

Needles, A. H., enlisted October 16, 1861 ; promoted third corporal, June i, 
1862; discharged June 18, 1862. 

Noble, John S., enlisted October 11, 1861. 

Parsons, Andrew W., enlisted December i, 1863. 

Pearson, James M., enlisted October 25, 1861. 

Philby, Enoch, enlisted October 26, 1861. 

Philby, James J., enlisted October 26, 1861 ; discharged June 21, 1862. 

Philby, John F., enlisted January 6, 1862. 

Digitized by 



Phillips, James, enlisted November i6, 1861 ; discharged April 15, 1862. 

Ralston, Robert, enlisted November 16, 1861 ; wounded at Osage River, Kan- 
sas, November 25, 1864. 

Raymond, Myron A., enlisted January i, 1864. 

Read, Thomas, enlisted October 11, 1861. 

Reed, Evans, enlisted January 14, 1862; promoted sixth sergeant, June i, 1865. 

Rice, Albert, enlisted March 18, 1864; wounded at Guntown. 

Richey, Paris, enlisted October 19, 1861. 

Ruby, John W., enlisted October 9, 1861 ; appointed bugler. 

Schweers, John, enlisted September 21, 1862. 

Schweers, Reinhardt, enlisted September 27, 1862. 

Sowash, Daniel, enlisted March 26, 1864; died in camp at Vicksburg, April 
20, 1864. 

Stewart, Thomas, enlisted October 14, 1861 ; captured at Black River Bridge. 

Wilkinson, Thomas W., enlisted November 14, 1863 ; wounded and captured 
at Ripley, Mississippi, June 11, 1864. 

Whipple, Charles H., enlisted November 18, 1861. 

Wright, William, enlisted October 23, 1861. 



William W. Buchanan, first sergeant ; enlisted 1862 ; promoted first lieutenant, 
November i, 1862; resigned May 12, 1863. 


Douglas, Isaac P., discharged February 7, 1862. 

Dutt, Charles, enlisted June 24, 1861 ; veteranized Company G, Fifth Cavalry, 
January i, 1864. 

Judd, Alexander, discharged July 29, 1865. 

Sperry, James A., enlisted October 15, 1861 ; appointed regular second mu- 
sician ; enlisted as private Company D, Fifth Veteran Cavalry. 

Wolf, Daniel, enlisted October 15, 1861. 



Burton, W., enlisted October 14, 1863. 

Kendall, James, enlisted October 24, 1863; died at Benton Barracks, March 
19, 1864. 

Kendall, John, enlisted September 19, 1863. 

Matthews, Richard T., enlisted September 26, 1863; discharged August 2, 

Digitized by 



Nickell, James H., enlisted October 24, 1863. 
Pearce, Joshua C, enlisted October 5, 1863. 



Cooper, Elisha, enlisted January 4, 1864; died of disease March 7, 1864. 

Cunningham, Thomas H., enlisted January 16, 1864; died before reaching 
the battery. 

James, Henry, enlisted March 25, 1864. 

James, William, enlisted December 29, 1864. 

Kilner, Franklin, enlisted November 13, 1864. 

Lewis, Joseph, enlisted December 9, 1863. 

Newman, Charles A., enlisted January i, 1864; died of disease February 11, 

Newman, Peter S., enlisted January 19, 1864. 

Peters, James S., enlisted January i, 1864. 


Atkinson, Alexander, enlisted March 28, 1862, Company I, Seventeenth In- 

Richardson, George B., enlisted February 9, 1864, Company K, Fifteenth 

Ducketl, Isaiah, enlisted August 15, 1862, Company I, Twenty-third Infantry; 
died at Milliken's Bend, Louisiana, July 15, 1863. 

Rice, Samuel, enlisted January 4, 1864, Company K, Twenty-ninth Infantry. 

Bachelder, George F., enlisted August 4, 1861, Second Infantry, Company D. 

Lynch, Andrew, enlisted May 4, 1861, Company D, Second Infantry; dis- 
charged at Bird's Point, October 25, 1861, for mental derangement. 

Bowlsby, William H., enlisted November 26, 1864. 

Cook, Frederick M., enlisted December 30, 1863. 

Williams, Henry C, enlisted December 10, 1864, Twelfth Infantry. 

Weeks, Charles P., enlisted September 28, 1864, Thirteenth Infantry. 

Pope, George, enlisted January 22, 1864. 

McGar, John, enlisted Jtine 11, 1861, Company K, Twenty-second Illinois. 

Hammer, John H., enlisted August 27, 1861, Company \ Twenty-eighth 

Fry, Samuel, enlisted September 2, 1862, Company H, Eleventh Illinois 

Duncan, James G., enlisted May 4, 1861, Second Infantry, private; promoted 
to sixth corporal May 27, 1861 ; to third sergeant, July 16, 1861 ; to second ser- 
geant, March 26, 1862. 

Mason, William B., enlisted May 4, 1861, Company D, Second Infantry. 

Garrett, William, private, Company D, Second Cavalry; enlisted August 2, 
1861 ; veteranized March i, 1864. 

Digitized by 



Pilgrim, Gerhard, Company C, Fourth Cavalry ; enlisted September 27, 1862 ; 
killed July 10, 1864, at Guntown, Mississippi, in action. 
Schmalzla, Charles, enlisted February 2, 1864. 


Madison County's people were among the very first in the whole United 
States to erect a monument to the soldier dead. The first suggestion for such a 
movement appeared in the columns of the Madisonian from one of its corre- 
spondents, but the County Agricultural Society took the initial step in furthering 
the project when, at a meeting held by its officials in October, 1865, ^ ^'soldiers' 
monument committee" was organized, consisting of H. J. B. Cummings, president; 
Flora Winkly, secretary; J. J. Davies, treasurer; together with E. W. Fuller, 
Mrs. Mary A. Hutchings, and Miss Emma McCaughan, executive committee. 
Sub-committees were appointed in each township, whose duty it was to solicit 
contributions for the memorial shaft. Festivals, lectures and exhibitions were 
given in Winterset and in other localities during the winters of 1865* and 1866, to 
secure funds for the project, not to mention school exhibitions and various other 
plans. The board of supervisors donated the old courthouse and jail lots, and 
when the jail lot was sold and another* lot purchased adjoining the courthouse lot, 
a site for the monument had been secured. 

On July 28, 1865, the officers of the Fair Association announced that they 
had set apart a portion of their grounds for the display and sale of articles to 
secure funds with which to build the monument. At the time A. J. Adkinson was 
president of the association and J. J. Davies, secretary.^ The free department 
thus donated was placed in charge of H. J. B. Cummings, M. R. Tidrick, S. G. 
Ruby, Miss Charity Lothrop, Mrs. J. J. Hutchings and Mrs. D. N. Elliott. The 
following township committees were appointed to solicit funds and adopt other 
means for securing money to build the monument : 

Center. — Mrs. W. G. Walker, Mrs. Maggie Jones, Miss Mary Hutchinson, 
John T. White. 

Crawford. — Mrs. W. L. Wilkins, Mrs. Jennie Howell, Miss Martha Gamble, 
Samuel Eyerly. 

Douglas. — Mrs. George Seevers, Mrs. William Gore, Miss Emma Brooks, W. 
S. Harlan. 

Grand River. — Miss Alice Lee, Mrs. A. Bonham, Dr. J. H. Mack, Mrs. D. 

Jackson. — Margaret Ralston, Mary Stewart, Charlotte Welch, William Early. 

Jefferson. — Mrs. Chilcoat, Mrs. B. Ballentine, Miss McDonald, J. K. Mohler. 

Lee. — Mrs. Hagen, Mrs. Captain Johnson, A. J. Burkhead. 

Lincoln. — Mrs. Doctor Leonard, Mrs. Benjamin Titcomb, Miss Margaret 
Ruby, E. G. Perkins. 

'Madison. — Mrs. P. Sanford, Mrs. Edward Peed, Miss Spray, G. T. Nichols. 

Monroe. — Miss Nancy Ritchie, Mrs. Fisher, Mrs. Simon Hamblin, Frank 

Ohio. — Mrs. R. J. Creger, Mary Holmes, Mrs. David Bradshaw, David 

Penn. — Mrs. Abihu Wilson, Mrs. Kate Francis, Miss L. M. Darby, Daniel 

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Scott. — Miss Kittie Campbell, Miss E. Prebel, Mrs. Lucinda Johnson, Hugh 
C. Bird. 

South. — Mrs. Doctor Smith, Mrs. S. P. Thompson, Miss Agnes Herren, D. S. 

Union. — Mrs. S. Wells, Miss O. Montgomery, Miss M. J. McDaniel, P. M. 

Walnut. — Mrs. Aaron Hiatt, Mary Compton, Mrs. J. B. Rawls, Dr. P. Lilly. 

Webster. — Mrs. Otho Davis, Miss Lizzie Ettien, Mrs. Myron Raymond, David 

On the i8th day of November, the monument committee met and "Resolved 
that a monument of marble be erected on the Public Square in some locality not 
to interfere with the new courthouse, the monument to be not less than twenty- 
five feet high and to bear an inscription of names of all deceased soldiers who were 
residents of the county at date of enlistment, or who have died from results of 
service in the war." The estimated amount to be expended on the monument was 
$2,500, and at this time about seven hundred dollars of the amount had been 

At a meeting of the general committee, held on July 28, 1866, it was proposed 
to build a two-story structure having a hall with marble slabs, or tablets, in- 
serted in the wall, whereon should be inscribed the names of deceased soldiers 
instead of the monument. However, the sentiment for a monument eventually 
prevailed, and there stands today in the little plot of ground known as Monument 
Park, on the comer of Court and Second streets, a neat shaft twenty feet high, 
having a base of native, stone, surmounted by a marble column ; suitably inscribed 
on its faces are the names of Madison County's Civil war heroes, and it was 
dedicated to their memory forever. The dedication took place October 7, 1867, 
upon which occasion Hon. M. L. McPherson, then the leading lawyer of this part 
of the state, and Dr. William L. Leonard delivered orations, commemorative of 
the event. It should be added that the monument is guarded at each corner by a 
field piece used in the war for the preservation of the Union. 

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Pursuant to a call, the citizens of Winterset met in the office of the county 
auditor, on Tuesday evening, March 4, 1904, for the purpose of organizing a his- 
torical society. H. A. Mueller was chosen temporary chairman and J. A. Way, 
secretary. The purpose of the meeting was to learn the views of those present 
as to the feasibility of organizing a society for the preservation of all material 
obtainable relating to the history of Madison County. It developed during the 
proceedings that it was the unanimous opinion of those present that such an or- 
ganization would promote the best interests of the county in general. It was 
therefore moved by J. W. Miller that the chair appoint a committee of three to 
draft a constitution and by-laws and report the result of its work at the earliest 
convenience. In compliance with this action the chair appointed E. R. Zeller, T. 
H. Stone and J. C. Parish as members of the committee. Adjournment then took 
place after the next meeting was arranged to be held at the office of the county 
superintendent on the evening of March 15, 1904. 

The second meeting of the society was held pursuant to agreement at the 
office of the county superintendent in the courthouse. The committee on constitu- 
tion and by-laws reported and their work was adopted. The rules were then 
suspended on motion of G. W. Poffinbarger for the election of the following 
officers : President, H. A. Mueller ; vice president, T. H. Stone ; secretary, J. A. 
Way; treasurer, E. R. Zelfer; directors, G. W. Poffinbarger, J. C. Clark, C. C. 
Schwaner, O. L. Evans ; corresponding secretaries, J. C. Parish, Center Township ; 
O. L. Evans, Douglas Township. 

At this meeting it was moved and carried that E. R. Zeller and J. C. Clark 
prepare papers for the next meeting, also that G. W. Poffinbarger and C. C. 
Schwaner be placed on the program for addresses at the next meeting to be 
held April 22, 1904. The constitution was then presented to be signed by the 
members, namely : E. R. Zeller, Charles C. Schwaner, J. C. Clark, G. W. Poffin- 
barger, John C. Parish, T. H. Stone, O. L. Evans, J. A. Way and H. A. Mueller. 

At a meeting held June 21, 1904, among other things it was provided that the 
following persons be elected corresponding secretaries: M. I. Bean, South Town- 
ship ; E. L. Etchison, Crawford Township ; A. H. Storck, Madison Township ; W. 
S. Wilkinson, Scott Township. On motion of a member, George W. Guye, for the 
Valuable contribution of historical data given by him to the society, was elected an 
honorary life member of the society. 

The first public program of the society was given on the evening of September 
22, 1905, in the courtroom at 8 130 P. M., on which occasion there was quite a large 


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body of members present. A paper "Trials and Triumphs of Pioneer Life/' was 
read by E. R. Zeller. In the same manner W. S. Wilkinson discoursed on **An 
Early Settlement on Middle River, or Recollections of an Eearly Settler." The 
evening's festivities were brought to a pleasant close by an interesting short ad- 
dress from J. C. Clark. 

The Historical Society has kept up its meetings regularly since the organization 
in 1904. Through unwearied interest and indefatigable efforts the society has 
gathered a great amount of valuable historical data and numerous articles, handi- 
work, implements and the like that belonged to certain of the pioneers of Madison 
County'; these things have a place assigned the society in the public library. 
Various interesting papers, pertinent to the early days and peoples of this com- 
munity, have been prepared by members and read before the society at its regular 
meetings and published in the local press. Each individual member has his or her 
part to perform in securing and preparing for future generations everything 
available which will add to the value, of the society's archives. The institution 
is a valuable addition to the county's activities and if its efforts continue in the 
future as in the past, the Madison County Historical Society will have contributed 
inestimable blessings upon the community, in the way of preserving in history 
facts and incidents, relating to the early days of this county and the history of 
the people who opened the county and laid the foundation for its upbuilding and 
prosperity. By the end of 1905 the following persons became members of the 
society : 

M. O. Brady, G. W. Patterson, R. P. Mitchell. W. H. Vance, J. W. Smith, 
J. W. Miller, J. E. Hamilton, Lee B. Tidrick, R. L. Huston, J. A. Docksteader, 
C. W. Eastman, G. M. Violet, R. H. Cooper, Laura J. Miller, H. W. Hardy, I. E. 
T. Wilson, W. H. Lewis, George Mueller, D. G. Ratliflf, W. S. Wilkinson, E. A. 
Herman, John A. Guiher, W. S. Cooper, M. I. Bean, George Storck, L. S. Ray, 
J. P. Steele, J. R. Davis, A. H. Storck, E. F. Connoran, J. V. Walker, L. H. 
Andrews, F. L. Bissell, T. S. Love, E. L. Etchison, J. V. Evans, H. A. Kinsman, 
C. A. Robbins, Fred Beeler, M. C. Shaw, A. J. Jones, W. O. Creger, S. O. Banker, 
George Cox, J. E. Smith, Blair Wolf, R. A. Lenocker, S. M. Compton, A. B. 
Shriver, Myles Young, G. A. Quick, B. F. Carter, Eldon E. Baker, W. H. Mon, 
roe, J. T. Young, W. H. Koser, J. W. Leinard, J. A. Ryner, C. F. Clanton, J. C. 
Thompson, J. M. Link, W. F. Craig, Frederick Mott, A. M. Benge, William Brin- 
son, Ed M. Smith, E. E. Howell, Arthur Burger, G. W. McKenzie, F. G. Ratliff, 
Herman Kneuper, Isaac Reager, J. A. Gordon, M. J. Gordon, M. R. Sheldon, E. 

H. A. Mueller has served the society as president from the date of its organiza- 
tion to the present time. J. A. Way was the first secretary, serving one year. He 
was followed by E. R. Zeller for one year, who was again secretary in 191 3 and 


Walter F. Craig was secretary from his election in March, 1906, to the year 
191 3. The secretary at present is also treasurer of the Society. 


A number of representative citizens of Winterset met at the courtroom Mon- 
day evening, August 8, 1910, in response to a call that had been issued for the 

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purpose of organizing a local Chautauqua. Rev. J. S. Corkey was elected tem- 
porary chairman and T. V. Dugan clerk. After stating the object of the meeting, 
a motion was unanimously carried that the meeting proceed to organize an inde- 
pendent Chautauqua, to be controlled and managed by the citizens of Winterset 
and Madison County, thus making the Chautauqua a home enterprise. The 
society was then organized on the basis of a stock company, of which shares were 
issued at a par value of $io each. John Frankelberger, W. O. Lucas, Mrs. Jennie 
Whedon, Elmer Cole and T. V. Dugan were appointed a committee to solicit stock 
and before the first meeting closed twenty-six persons had subscribed for shares. 

The next meeting was held August 15, 1910, and was called by Rev. J. S. 
Corkey. After prayer, the committee appointed to solicit stock reported nearly 
two hundred shares subscribed for. The organization was then perfected by the 
election of fifteen directors, five to serve three years, five two years and five one 
year. Dr. W. H. Thompson, Rev. E. M. Atwood and A. L. Stout were the com- 
mittee appointed to select the board of directors. E. E. Boss, Elmer Cole and 
Rev. L. F. Davis, were of the committee to draft a constitution and by-laws. 
The organization was then named the Madison County Chautauqua Association. 

The soliciting committee at the second meeting reported 300 shares subscribed 
for and the members thereof were then authorized to appoint helpers in all the 
various townships of the county to assist in securing members. The following 
directors were the selection of the committee appointed for that purpose: for 
three years, Charles T. Koser, W. H. Vance, L. F. Davis, H. N. Shaw and T. V. 
Dugan; two years, Fred Farquahr, Dr. W. H. Thompson, E. K. Cole, Dr. F. O. 
Richards and W. O. Lucas ; one year, S. A. Hays, Elmer Orris, Prof. A. C. Akers, 
A. L. Stout and L. V. Price. 

The board of directors elected at the last meeting met August 23, 1910, at the 
courthouse, at which time Charles T. Koser was elected president; E. K. Cole, 
vice president; T. V. Dugan, secretary; and A. L. Stout, treasurer. A committee 
was then appointed on programs made up of the following persons : T. V. Dugan, 
H. M. Shaw, Dr. F. O. Richards, Fred Farquahr. S. A. Hays and W. O. Lucas 
were elected as stock committee, which was empowered to appoint one or more 
persons in each township to represent the Chautauqua. 

At the meeting held September 12, 1910, and before a Chautauqua had been 
held, Mr. Koser resigned the position of president, and Prof. A. C. Akers was 
elected in his stead. At this meeting the president and secretary were authorized 
to borrow the sum of $50 for the purpose of defraying the expense of the associa- 
tion until the next assembly. 

The first assembly of the association was held in the early part of August, 
191 1, and ended on the 15th of the month. It was successful in every respect. 
At that time Walter F. Craig was president, as Professor Akers had resigned 
the office some time previously. From that time on the association has held its 
annual assembly at Winterset and each year interest in the programs has in- 

The movement for a permanent site for a tabernacle began at the conclusion of 
the assembly of 191 2. A committee was appointed to secure subscriptions for 
stock, whereby funds were secured to put up a structure of steel, of umbrella 
design. The association was extremely fortunate in having great friends in its 
aim and objects in A. W. Crawford and wife, Martha A. Crawford, who con- 

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veyed to the association lots 3 and 4 in block 14, of the original Town of 
Winterset, as a site for the tabernacle. This property "was donatecl to the 
association as a free gift, except that in case the society failed to hold a Chau- 
tauqua for two successive years, the property was then to revert to the grantors, 
their heirs or assigns, unless the grantee, its successors or assigns, pay to the 
grantor the sum of $1,000. The gift was accepted, committees were appointed to 
solicit sale of stock for the tabernacle, a building committee composed of Dr. W. 
H. Thompson, W. S. Cooper and J. E. Smith chosen, and at the May meeting of 
1913 it was reported that all of the necessary stock of $4,000 had been subscribed. 
A contract was let and the 191 3 Chautauqua was held in the new tabernacle. 

This Chautauqua has met a very gratifying success in its efforts to give to 
Winterset and the people of Madison County annually, a week'fe entertainment of 
a character of the highest class, for a nominal price. They are privileged to hear 
the best talent in the land, orators, lecturers, musicians, vocalists and instructors 
of national reputation. The society has become imbedded upon a firm founda- 
tion and promises the community a continued high-class yearly program as long 
as the support and patronage equal its efforts in this behalf. 


This regiment was organized with twelve companies in 1892 from the old 
Third and Fifth regiments. It was mustered into the United States service for 
the war with Spain in 1898 and reorganized as the Fifty-first Regiment in 1900. 
The number designation was changed in 1902 to the Fifty-fifth Infantry and 
Company G was organized at Winterset. 

On the 19th day of December, 1905, Company G Armory Association was 
incorporated by Charles W. Aikins, Charles B. Palmer, Phil R. Wilkinson, C. V. 
B. Alexander, I. H. Krell, Fred Hudson, Fred W. Gaekel, Ralph Cook, Fred 
Smith. A directory of seven members was provided for in the articles of incor- 
poration and the commanding officer was selected as the president and treasurer 
of the association, whose authorized capital stock was placed at $2,000, each share 
of the par value of $20. The shares early found ready sale and a commodious 
concrete block building was erected on North First Street, between Jefferson and 
Green streets. This is the meeting place of Company G, whose officers are: 
Charles W. Aikins, captain ; Phil R. Wilkinson, first lieutenant ; Fred W. Gaekel, 
second lieutenant. 


Following the passage of the Anderson road law, H. A. Mueller, then auditor 
of Madison County, called together all the township trustees and road supervisors 
to talk over the enforcement of the new law. At this meeting the Good Roads 
Asssociation was organized May 28, 1903, and chose the following officers: 
President, W. H. Lewis ; vice president, C. A. Robbins ; secretary, H. A. Mueller. 


The Old Settlers Association of Madison County was organized at Winterset, 
March 4, 1905, and elected officers as follows: President, George Cox; first vice 
president, W. W. Gentry; second vice president, William Brinson; third vice 
president, George Seevers; secretary, T. J. Hudson; assistant secretary, George 
Poffinbarger; treasurer, Jeff Wheat; chaplain, B. F. Bowlsby. Reunions are held 
annually at Winterset. 

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By D. B. Cook, Earlham, Iowa 

The settlement of Friends, or Quakers, in Madison County, Iowa, began in the 
year 1853, when Jesse Painter and wife settled about midway between the present 
locations of the towns of Peru and Barney, in the southeast part of the county, 
and Richard Cook and wife, in Madison Township, just north of the present Town 
of Earlham, in the northwest part of the county. These were the beginnings of 
two Friends settlements, which later developed into Oak Run Monthly Meeting, 
in the southeast part, and North Branch and Earlham Monthly Meetings, in the 
northwest part of the county. 

The next persons to settle at Oak Run were Thomas and Dosha Morman, in 
1855. Their son, Newton Morman, is the only member of the family now liv- 
ing in the neighborhood. Another son, Clark (familiarly called Uncle Clark), 
lived near Oak Run for many years and died at Winterset some years ago. A 
daughter, Martha, married David Ellis, and another daughter, Mary, married 
Elwood Hiatt, and lived one and one-half miles northeast of the church until the 
time of his death. 

Calvin and Eunice Ellis came here from Ohio in 1865. Reese and Sarah Ann 
Ellis came in 1871. Their son, T. L. Ellis, was long one of the ^'standbys" of the 

The formation of the congregation began with an "indulged meeting" at the 
home of Thomas Morman in 1865. A preparative meeting was organized at the 
home of Calvin Ellis, May 18, 1871, to be known by the name of Oak Run Pre- 
parative Meeting. The name was suggested by Calvin Ellis. The meeting was 
opened by a committee of twelve from Ackworth Monthly Meeting, Warren 
County. This committee drove over in a big wagon and were entertained at the 
home of Calvin and Eunice Ellis. The charter members were T. C. and Rhoda 
Morman, Elwood and Mary Hiatt, David and Martha Ellis, Calvin and Eunice 
Ellis, who still reside near the church. 

On the 15th day of September, 1853, Richard Cook and wife, in company with 
his brother William H. Cook and family, and John Wilson and family, left Marion 
County, Indiana, to move to Iowa. After about a month of travel by team and 
wagon, during which time they underwent the hardships incident to a journey of 
this character, they arrived in Warren County, where an uncle of Richard Cook 
lived. Before the end of October his brother entered land in Union Township, 
Dallas County, and about the same time John Wilson entered land in Adams 
Township of the same county. Richard entered land in the northwest corner of 
Madison Township, as before stated, and about the same time two sons of John 
Wilson, Abihu and Christopher, entered land in Madison and Penn townships. 


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Richard Cook made his home on the land which he entered until the spring of 
1857, when he sold to Wesley Cox, another Friend, also of Marion County, In- 
diana, and removed to Dallas County. He, with his wife, whose maiden name was 
Mary Bowles, afterward moved to Earlham, where they both passed away, Mrs. 
Cook in 1897, and Mr. Cook in 1901. Christopher Wilson was a successful 
farmer near Earlham during the remainder of his life. He was living in the Town 
of Earlham at the time of his death, March 26, 1908. 

The records of Bear Creek Preparative Meeting show that a complaint was 
entered against Abihu Wilson in 1855 for "accomplishing his marriage contrary to 
discipline." He had married Eliza Ellis, daughter of Peter Ellis. He evidently 
left the church at that time, or at least ceased to take an active part, as his name 
does not appear on the records after that date. He died in Dallas County in 1903. 

The next Friends to enter land in Madison Township were Seth Wilson and 
his son, Milton Wilson, who came from Wayne County, Indiana, in the summer 
of 1854. The Town of Earlham now covers part of the entry made by Seth Wil- 
son. Milton entered 500 acres of land in sections 17 and 18. He moved to Iowa 
in 1856 with his wife, who in her maidenhood was S. Jane Murphy. They were 
married October 18, 1852, and made their home on the old homestead for eighteen 
years, where Mr. Wilson engaged in farming. They then moved to Earlham and 
later to Des Moines, where they still reside. Their son, Isaac K. Wilson, was 
representative from Madison County in the General Assembly for one term, being 
the youngest man ever elected to that position from this county. 

Seth Wilson came with his family to Iowa in i860. He died in Earlham some 
years ago. One of his daughters married Cyrus Griffin, another married Josiah 
Stanley, a third married David Beasley and a fourth became the wife of Oliver 
Goldsmith Owen, a Friend minister, who later became rector in the Episcopalian 

William Bamett and family were the next Friends to locate in the northwest 
part of the county, coming here from Marion County, Indiana, the date of their 
arrival in Iowa being July, 1855. William Bamett and Mary Ann, his wife, had 
a family of ten children. 

Other families coming in that year were Wilson Barnett, a brother of William, 
from Hendricks County, Indiana, and John Allen and family. His wife, Margaret, 
was a daughter of Richard Mendenhall. Mr. and Mrs. Allen were members of 
the Friends Church and the other members of their family united with the 
society after coming to Madison County. 

In 1856 David and Hannah Smith Stanton located on the Pilot Grove Farm, 
in Penn Township. 

In the fall of 1857, Thomas and Ruth Wilson came here from Marion County. 
Indiana. Their family consisted of six sons and three daughters, one of whom, 
Margaret, became the wife of Wesley Cox, whose home was on a tract of land 
purchased of Richard Cook. Here the Wilson family stopped for a short time 
until a permanent location could be made. They settled on the north half of sec- 
*tion 16, Penn Township, the land having been purchased of Milton Muger for 
$7 per acre. This continued to be the home of Mr. Wilson until his removal to 
Earlham in 1874. He was one of seven who voted at the first election held in 
Penn Township in the fall of 1858. 

In 1858 Cyrus Griffin and wife Eliza, daughter of Seth Wilson, located near 

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where North Branch meeting house was afterwards built. He kept a general 
store in one room of his house for some time. 

Among other early settlers were Joseph Beasley, Stephen Hockett and John 
Hockett, with their families. 


The first meetings in the new settlement were held at the home of William 
Bamett. Later the meeting place was transferred to a house standing in Martin 
Compton's yard. This was the place of meeting until about the year 1862 or 
1863, when Friends built a frame house on the southeast comer of Cyrus Griffin's 
land. This building was also used for a schoolhouse. William Bamett bought 
this building, after the second house was erected, and moved it into Earlham, 
where it is still doing service as part of a dwelling. The second building was 
erected on a tract of five acres bought for meeting house and burial ground. The 
original deed states that said lot was conveyed by Martin Compton and his wife, 
Ann E. Compton, to the trustees of Bear Creek Monthly Meeting — five acres of 
land on the northeast comer of the northeast quarter of section 9, dated September 
5, 1862, consideration $50. On this lot North Branch Meeting House was built in 
1869, at a cost of about twenty-six hundred dollars, Seth Wilson, David L. Beasely 
and William Bamett being the building committee. The house was a frame stmc- 
ture, 30 by 50 feet, with a sliding panel partition dividing it into two rooms, the 
one on the east being occupied by the men and the one on the west by the women. 
This partition was left open during meeting for worship, but was closed during 
meetings for business, the men and women holding separate sessions. A gallery 
large enough for two rows of seats ran along the north side of the rooms facing the 
entrance, and the main audience room had an inclined floor. The seats were 
of the box pattern, made of black walnut. In 1893, when the house was no 
longer used for meeting purposes, it was sold to William Ramsey, who moved 
it away and converted it into a dwelling and other buildings. 

The first meeting house in Earlham was erected on the southwest comer of the 
east half of the northeast quarter of section i, Penn Township. The title to the 
lot was conveyed by Nathan Mendenhall and wife to the trustees of Bear Creek 
Monthly Meeting, December 15, 1868. The house built on this lot was later 
moved into the Town of Earlham, where it served for meeting purposes until 
superseded by the one now occupied by Earlham Friends. 

Following is a copy of the minutes of the first preparative meeting held at 
North Branch, as taken from the original record : 

"North Branch Preparative Meeting of Friends opened and held in Madison 
County, State of Iowa, on Fifth day, 9th of 7th month, 1863, by the approbation 
and direction of South River Quarterly Meeting of Friends. Also there is a com- 
mittee very acceptably present with us and produced a copy of a minute of their 
appointment by Bear Creek Monthly Meeting of Friends to attend the opening of 
this. John Hockett was appointed clerk for the day. 

"The queries were all read in this meeting, with written answers thereto, 
which the clerk was diceted to forward to the monthly meeting, and assist in 
making out a summary. 

"The following named Friends are appointed to propose the name of two 

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Friends to next meeting to have the care of the burying ground, namely : Joseph 
Beasley and John Wilson. 

"The following named Friends are appointed to propose the name of a Friend 
for clerk, namely, Josiah Stanley, John Hockett. 

"The meeting then concluded. 

"John Hockett, Clerk for the Day." 

The North Branch Friends were members of Bear Creek Monthly Meeting, 
which had been organized in 1856, in Union Township, Dallas County; also of 
South River Quarterly Meeting, Warren County, which had been organized in 

At the next meeting, held August 6th, John Hockett and William Barnett were 
appointed a committee to care for the bur)ring ground, and John Wilson was ap- 
pointed permanent clerk. 

At a later meeting, held October 8th, the subject of finances was introduced. 
William Barnett was appointed temporary treasurer, and the sum of $1 was 
directed to be raised by the members, 56 cents of which was to be paid to the 
monthly meeting for quarterly meeting stock, and the balance to be used to pur- 
chase glass for this meeting and report to next meeting. 

December 10, 1863, Seth Wilson was appointed permanent treasurer. The 
London General Epistle was read "to our edification and comfort." 

Minutes of February 9, 1865. "William Barnett and John Wilson, who were 
appointed a committee to ascertain cost of breaking meeting house lot and fencing 
it, make a report that the cost will be $17.50. They propose a rail fence on west 
and north to join to John Hockett, rails to be furnished on the ground according 
to our rate of apportionment." 

The second clerk of the meeting was Joel Hockett, appointed June 8, 1865. 

The "rates of apportionment" referred to above appears in the minutes of 
January 11, 1866, as follows: Seth Wilson, 14 per cent; William Barnett, 14 per 
cent; Joseph Beasley, 12 per cent; Stephen Hockett, 8 per cent; Dayton Barnett, 
7 per cent ; David Beasley, 7 per cent ; William Beasley, 7 per cent ; Christopher 
Wilson, 7 per cent; Josiah Stanley, 5 per cent; Ira Barnett, 5 per cent; Joel 
Hockett, 5 per cent ; Wesley Barnett, 4 per cent ; Asa Barnett, 4 per cent ; John 
Hockett, 4 per cent ; John Wilson, 4 per cent ; Joseph L. Hockett, 4 per cent ; total, 
III per cent. 

A committee was appointed at this meeting to take into consideration the 
size, plan and estimated cost of a new meeting house, namely: John Hockett, 
Joseph Beasley and Seth Wilson. The committee made a satisfactory report 
March 8th and the subject was dismissed for the present. 

April 12, 1866. "David Beasley and Eunice Wilson informed the meeting 
that they propose marriage with each other, having obtained consent of their 
parents, which is directed to be forwarded to the monthly meeting." Also "John 
Day and Hannah Talbert propose marriage with each other, which is directed 
forwarded to the monthly meeting." 

The first request for membership seems to have been May 24, 1866. The 
request is as follows: "The overseers inform that Cyrus Griffin and his wife 
Eliza Griffin, with their minor children, James, Henry, Milton W., Ella, Jane, 
Homer, Virgil, Benjamin S., Sarah Elizabeth, Owen P., Edgar and Anna, wish 

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to be joined in membership with the Religious Society of Friends. The request 
is directed forwarded to the monthly meeting." 

In order to make the next minutes of North Branch Preparative Meeting 
better understood, two will be inserted from Bear Creek Monthly Meeting. Under 
date of March 30, 1867, it is recorded that "Friends of Penn Township, Madison 
County, Iowa, request for a preparative meeting to be held on fourth day pre- 
ceding Bear Creek Monthly Meeting, and a meeting for worship on first and 
fourth days, to be known by the name of Union Preparative Meeting." A com- 
mittee was appointed to take the request into consideration. 

On April 27th the committee reported in favor of granting the request and a 
committee was appointed to attend the opening. The approximate date of the 
opening was May 22, 1867. The place of opening was the home of Joshua 
Newlin, where the meetings were held until the house was built on a lot bought 
of Nathan Mendenhall as previously stated. 

In North Branch minutes of April 25, 1869, Joel Hockett, Joseph Beasley 
and John Wilson were appointed a committee to confer with Friends of Union 
Preparative Meeting to consider the propriety of requesting for a monthly 

September 23, 1869, the building committee reported the meeting house about 
completed. There seems to be no further reference to the building in the minutes. 
The next step was the opening of the monthly meeting. Following is a record 
from the minutes of the meeting of women Friends: "North Branch Monthly 
Meeting of Friends opened and held at North Branch, Madison County, Iowa, 
9th month, 30th, 1869." 

The minutes of men Friends of the monthly meeting have not been found 
and are supposed to have burned in the house of David Hockett, in Earlham, who 
was clerk at the time. 

The next item of interest is October 4, 1869, when Union Preparative Meeting 
requested that the name be changed to Earlham. 

A revolution now entered Bear Creek Quarterly Meeting. This first started 
in the yearly meetings farther east and entered the meetings of Bear Creek 
Quarter in the year 1873. This revolution began by holding revival meetings, 
called "general meetings," under the care of a committee appointed by the quar- 
terly meeting, in conjunction with a like committee appointed by the yearly 
meeting. The first general meeting was held at North Branch, February 9, 1873, 
and continued during six sessions. The committee reported that they believed 
the meeting was "held to the honor of truth." 

The next meeting was held at Bear Creek, following the quarterly meeting 
in February, 1874. It began on the second day and closed on the fourth night. 
The report of the committee on this meeting was that the fore part was held 
to pretty good satisfaction but the latter part was not so satisfactory. The "not 
satisfactory" feature of the meetings came out during the discussion of the report 
and proved to be the closing meeting of fourth day night. At this meeting a 
"mourners' bench" and "testimony meeting" were introduced, after the well 
known custom of the Methodists. This created much dissatisfaction among 
the more conservative members. 

Following the quarterly meeting in February, for the next two years general 
meetings were held at Bear Creek. It was evident that the two factions were get- 

Vol. T— 15 

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ting farther apart as the work progressed. The climax was reached at the next 
general meeting in 1877. This, like the others, followed the quarterly meeting 
in February. On the third day of the meeting the leader arose, and after a few 
remarks, called on all those who were tired of sin and desired to live a different 
life to come to the front seats. About twenty came in a body; others followed 
later. Great confusion followed. Prayers, cries and groans, interspersed with an 
occasionar stanza of a hymn, were heard from all parts of the large room. For 
the conservative, whose customary worship was that of "silent waiting before 
the Lord," until the "risings of life" should appear before speaking, this was 
too much. They saw in this the death knell of Quakerism, and to save the *'be- 
loved society" something must be done, even if it required something desperate. 
Apparently by common consent, the conservative Friends began to depart for 
their homes and the die of separation was cast. 

A conference was soon called of all Friends who were dissatisfied with these 
revival methods, which culminated in a general conference for the whole quar- 
terly meeting, which met at Bear Creek, April 29, 1877. At this conference it 
was decided that the society had so far departed from its ancient testimonies as 
to forfeit its right to an existence, and that in order to have such society it was 
necessary to reorganize. Steps for reorganization were accordingly taken. This 
was to take place at each of the monthly meetings belonging to the quarter, 
namely, Bear Creek, North Branch and Summit Grove (now Stuart). North 
Branch Monthly Meeting being the first in order following the conference, was 
to be the place of beginning. The date of this meeting was June 16, 1877. 

The meeting for worship which always precedes the business session, passed 
without anything out of the ordinary. When the time for business came, Joseph 
Beasley, who was "timer" of the meeting, arose and made the customary sugges- 
tion that "Friends might now proceed to take up the business of the monthly 
meeting, and we have no clerk, some one should be appointed for the day." 
Jesse Beasley was named, and after taking his place, read a short statement ex- 
plaining the present action and then read the opening minutes. Stephen Hockett 
now arose and objected to the appointment of a "clerk," saying that they had 
one "clerk" and that was enough; that Allen Bamett was already the "clerk." 
He then followed with the remark : "I understand Friends that this action today 
means a separation in the church. I have seen separations in the church before 
and I want to warn you that the people who separated never did any good after- 
wards." This was followed by other speeches on the same subject. A time or 
two during the discussion Joseph Beasley was heard to say, ^*We don't want 
any contention. Friends. We simply want to hold North Branch Monthly Meet- 
ing." But the confusion was so great that it was out of the question. So they 
withdrew to the yard and held a council to decide upon further action. After 
they withdrew, Allen Bamett opened the meeting as usual, and the business 
meeting was held as though nothing out of the ordinary had taken place. 

Those who withdrew met at the meeting house on the fourth day following 
and completed their reorganization. Separations in the other monthly meetings 
followed soon and in August a quarterly meeting was organized at Bear Creek, 
and a yearly meeting a few weeks later at Oskaloosa. It was discovered at 
North Branch that those who withdrew composed almost all the members of the 
preparative meeting. Those who remained sold their interest in the church 

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property to the conservatives and withdrew to Earlham. This gave the conserva- 
tives undisputed possession. Later these people all moved away, mostly to Earl- 
ham, where they built a new meeting house, modeled after the old, which they 
sold to William Ramsey, as before stated. The last business meeting held in 
the old house was the conservative Friends monthly meeting, on the 26th of 
February, 1891. 

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By H. A. Mueller 

Up to the time of the Revolutionary war, practically all the people of the 
United States were living east of the Allegheny Mountains, comprising the thir- 
teen original colonies. There was very little emigration to the west of the Alle- 
ghenies until after the Revolutionary war. By the close of the eighteenth century 
there was quite a waye of immigration into Tennessee, Kentucky and Ohio, 
Indiana and Illinois, until by 1818 all the above mentioned states had sufficient 
population to be admitted as states. Iowa had scarcely been thought of and 
as yet belonged to the Indians. It was not until after the Black Hawk war, 
1832-3, that the first settler crossed the Mississippi and settled along the western 
shore. The first Iowa settlers came from across the river, from Illinois, Indiana, 
Ohio and the eastern states. Some came by steamers down the Ohio River 
and up the Mississippi River and then scattered along the western bank of the 
Mississippi, some stopping at Keokuk, others at Burlington, Davenport, etc. 
Others came west across the country in prairie schooners, and they were ferried 
across at these various places. Clayton was among the first counties to be settled, 
hence by the time that Madison County was open for settlers, late in the fall of 
1845, Clayton County was pretty well settled for that day. 

The first settlers in Madison County were from^ Missouri, coming in the 
spring of 1846. The Clanton colony settled near where St. Charles now stands. 
The Guye family settled in Union Township. Later in the summer there came also 
from Northwestern Missiouri John Evans, Lemuel Thombrugh, John Butler, 
William Butler, Irwin Baum, Martin Baum, Jacob Combs, William Combs, John 
Beedle, P. M. Boyles and others. 

The following year there came David Bishop and the Whiteds, who settled 
south of Middle River on what was afterwards known as Hoosier Prairie. These 
were from Indiana and started a colony of Hoosiers, made by the addition of 
the Henkels, the Runkles, Queens, Debords and others. 

Union Township — Sturmans, Lulls and Phillipses came from Coshocton 
County, Ohio. Later in the '50s there was a large colony settled in Ohio Town- 
ship, from which the township took its name. However, people from Ohio and 
Indiana settled in various parts of Madison County; the Irish settlement in 
Lee and Crawford townships; the German settlement in Jefferson Township; 
the Quakers about Earlham ; the Ohio-Swiss-German settlement in Penn Town- 
ship and the Kentucky settlement in South and Scott townships. 

It will be noticed that all the settlements already mentioned came from outside 
the State of Iowa, while the Clayton County settlers came from within the 
State of Iowa. Up to the time of the Civil war and later there were many no ^ 


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doubt who had first settled in some other part of Iowa and later moved to Madison 
County, but there is no single county that ever sent such an immigration as 
Cla)rton, and one that has made such an impress upon the people. This wave 
began about 1864 and lasted until 1873. The cause of this emigration was to 
find cheaper lands, as the land from where they came had increased in value 
and they were also seeking a more moderate climate. 

C. C. Goodale, one of the best known men in Madison County thirty years ago, 
had the following to say: "The first settler from Clayton County was John 
Wragg, who in the year 1863 settled in Grand River Township, but only stayed 
there about a year, when he removed to Dallas County, where he remained until 
he died. 

"The pioneer of the Clayton County wave, however, was Daniel Hazen, who, 
having sold his farm in 1863 in Clayton County, and desiring a more moderate 
climate where the winters were not so severe, shortly afterward made a trip 
through the southern and southwestern part of the state, and becoming attracted 
by the fertility of the soil in Jefferson Xownship, purchased land there in 1864. 
In 1865 he moved there and was shortly afterward followed by three of his 
brothers, Emerous and Rufus Hazen, who settled in Jefferson Township, and 
Emerson Hazen, who settled in Lee Township. With Rufus Hazen came Miss 
Lucinda Parks, who shortly afterwards married Henry Gutshall, a resident of 
Jefferson Township, and there they still reside. 

"In August, 1865, Charles C. Goodale, an acquaintance of the Hazens, came 
to Jefferson Township and worked for Daniel Hazen, and during the winter 
taught school in the Jefferson schoolhouse in that district. During the winter 
he purchased a tract of land in Lee Township, where he afterwards resided 
until the fall of 1873, when he moved to Winterset, having been elected county 
auditor. John Stevenson settled in Lee Township in 1867 and remained there 
several years, after whicli he removed to California. 

"Jefferson Township was the favored township for the people from Clayton 
County, owing to the character of the soil, which resembled that of Clayton 
County, and also to the smooth undulating surface in the northern part where 
most of them settled. In 1866 those who came to Jefferson Township were 
Malcolm McBride, William C. Hazen, Gustavus Hazen, John Kelley, Mrs. 
Estey, George and John Brooker and John Hartenbower. 

"In 1867 those who came were William Brewster, Leonidas Renshaw, 
Lewis Ballou, Enoch Allen, Frank Trunkey, Elliott Cook, Jonathan Smith, John 
Hutchins, Alfred Pierce, Almon Wright, John Wright, Dewitt C. Wright, Hardy 
Lockwood, Gudliffe Brooker, Frederick Brooker, Timothy Killam, and John 
Smith. All these settled in Jefferson Township. Afterwards and prior to 1870 
those who settled in this township from Clayton County were Merrill A. Knight, 
Alexander Miller, Sylvester Renshaw, Silas Angier, William Kelley, Gearhardt 
Storck,' John Westphal, Herman Marquardt, Ferdinand Marquardt, Mr. Stein- 
house, Merrill Carty, Harriet Hazen, George Allen and William Buske. 

"In 1868 Anson M. Peters settled in Madison Township and soon after 
George Storck settled there. About the same time ' Simeon Alger settled in 
Penn Township and Thomas Adams and William Sherman settled in Jackson 

"During the period from 1865 to 1870 Dr. Evan Linton, Mrs. Linton, Harri- 

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son, Hettie and Emily Linton, Emily Adams and C. H. Lancaster came from 
Qayton County and settled in Winterset. 

**Of the foregoing settlers, John Hartenbower and John Smith were after- 
wards elected as representatives; Merrill A. Knight, county treasurer; George 
Storck, county supervisor; Dewitt C. Wright, clerk of the district court; and 
Charles C. Goodale, county auditor." 

Of the list mentioned it will be noted that many have moved away and 
others have passed to a better land. However, many of their descendants are 
living within th^ county, some occupying the homes where their parents first 

The Clayton County settlers were an honest, sober, industrious class of citizens 
and were progressive farmers. They became identified with Madison County's 
best farmers and having settled in the north part of the county, they made a wise 
choice in the selection of farms and soon, became well-to-do and prosperous. 

John Wragg, who settled in Grand River in 1863, went to Dallas County the 
following year and founded the Wragg Nursery, which is now known all over 
the state. 

Lee Township. — Emerson Hazen came here in 1865 and owned 320 
acres of land in section 16. He died several years ago. Part of the 
farm is still owned by a son and daughter. John Stevenson came in 1867 and 
owned a farm on section 5, which is now occupied by William Shambaugh. Mr. 
Stevenson moved to Colorado many years ago. Solomon H. Bronson arrived 
in 1868 and for a time lived on section 19. He soon afterward began buying 
and shipping hogs, making his residence at De Soto, Booneville and Commerce. 
He died a few years ago at the latter place. 

Madison Township. — Enoch Allen in 1867 bought 640 acres of land 
on sections 11, 12, 13 and 14, which he sold to Anson M. Peters, who came 
in 1868. Mr. Peters owned one of the best farms in Madison Township. Several 
years ago he moved to California, first disposing of his land. It is owned at 
present by Henry Thomsen and others. George Storck, the first of the Germans, 
came in 1868 and bought 160 acres on which he still lives. He owns in all 440 acres. 

Penn Township. — Simeon Alger settled at Penn Center, in Penn Township, 
in 1868, and there passed away. He was the father of Mrs. L. Renshaw, Mrs. 
Merrill Carty and Mrs. Rev. William Mercer. 

Jackson Township. — Thomas Adams and William Sherman settled here in 
1868. Clark Sherman owned land in sections 4 and 9 from 1876 until 1901. 

Jefferson Township. — Daniel Hazen bought his farm in section 27 in 1864 
and moved thereon in 1865. He later owned 320 acres. About 1883, 
on account of ill health, he and his family went to Florida and there his 
wife died. He and his sons returned to Madison County. He died a number 
of years ago. His son Bert now lives in Union County and Carl lives in Oregon. 
Emerous Hazen bought land on section 3 in 1865, where his son Frank still 
resides. Rufus Hazen settled on section 14 in 1865, near Pleasant Grove Church. 
He moved to Union County many years ago and some of his children still reside 
there. He is now deceased. 

C. C. Goodale came in 1865. He worked for Daniel Hazen and also taught 
school. He later lived on a farm in Lee Township. In 1873 he was elected 
county auditor, holding the position three terms. In 1887 ^^ moved with his 

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family to Lamar, Colorado. For four years he was surveyor general of Colorado 
and made his home in Denver. He is now practicing law at Lamar, where he has 
property interests. 

George Allen, who came in 1865, was a brother of Mrs. Emerous Hazen. 
Mrs. Henry Gutshall, who was formerly Miss Lucinda Parks and came here in 
1865, lives on the old homestead on section 2. 

George Brooker, jvho came in 1866, married a Miss Killam. He owned the 
northeast quarter of section 22. He died about 1885. His children were Clinton, 
Elmer E. of Des Moines, Orva of South Dakota, Ernest of Jefferson Township 
and Mrs. Williams. 

John Brooker, who came in 1866, settled on section 16, Jefferson Township. 
He died in Winterset in 1904. He married Mary Htlbbard and their children 
are Ernest, William, Mrs. Lou Imes, Mrs. Trindle, Mrs. Coe and Clara. 

Malcolm McBride, who came in 1866, settled on section 22, He died about 
1894. He married a Miss Hazen, who died many years ago. Their children 
were L. W. of New Mexico, Mrs. Hettie Baur, Mrs. Nellie Alexander and Carrie. 

John Kelley, who came in 1866, married a Miss Estey and they had several 
children. Mrs. Estey, who came the same year, died many years ago. Besides 
her daughter, Mrs. Kelley, her children were Oren, Benjamin and Mrs. Kopp. 

Gustavus Hazen at one time owned Reigle Mill. John Hartenbower owned 
160 acres of land on section 25. He was elected representative in 1870. He later 
went to Kansas where he was elected to the same office. He died a few years ago. 

Elliott Cook owned 320 acres of land on section 24. Francis Trunkey 
owned land on section 13. He moved to Van Meter, Iowa, and died 
there several years ago. Gudliffe Brooker lived on section 20. He became 
very prominent in Sunday school work and was president of the county Sunday 
school association for twenty years or more. He sold his farm and died in Earl- 
ham in March, 1907. Frederick Brooker lived but a short time in Jefferson 
Township, when he moved to Missouri and there died. William Brewster 
owned land on section 21. He eventually returned to his old home in Connecticut 
and died there several years ago. Lewis Ballou owned 240 acres of land on 
section 17. He eventually moved to Pasadena, California. Leonidas Renshaw 
owned a farm on section 21. He sold his land several years ago and moved 
to Indianola and later to Canada. He married a Miss Alger. John Hutchins 
owned the northwest quarter of section 16. He died several years ago. 
Some of his children resided in Colorado and a son, Dr. A. C, lives in Des 
Moines. His daughters are Mrs. Frank Howell and Mrs. Alvin Williams. Mun- 
son Wright owned the Procknow farm. He moved to Storm Lake. Alfred 
Pierce, who lived on section 12, married a Miss Wright. Almon Wright lived on 
section 12. D. C. Wright was elected clerk of the district court in 1893. He 
later moved to North Dakota. Timothy Killam first located in Winterset and 
later in Jefferson Township. He was the father of Mrs. Gudliffe and Mrs. 
George Brooker, J. M. Killam of Truro, T. L of St. Charles, C. D. of Sioux 
City and George of Denver. Jonathan Smith, who owned land on section 14, 
moved to Van Meter and there died a few years ago. John J. Smith lived on 
section 10, and was elected representative in 1875. Silas Angier moved from 
the county to Dakota and later moved to Indianola, Iowa. Adam Geizelman lived 
on the Renshaw farm. All the above named came in 1867 to Jefferson Township. 

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George Cook, who came in 1868, owned eighty acres on section 14. His 
children were Elliott, Frank and George. He died in 1885. Merrill Knight, who 
came the same year, owned 160 acres on sections 7 and 8. He was elected 
county treasurer in 1875 and served two terms. He conducted a hotel in 
Winterset for a time and later lived on a farm in Jackson Township, where 
he passed away. He had three sons and three daughters. Sylvester Ren- 
shaw came in 1868 and settled on section 21, Jefferson Towjnship. He married a 
Miss Hazen and moved to Earlham. Alexander Miller settled on the southwest 
quarter of section 9, Jeiferson Township. Gerhardt Storck came in 1870 and 
located on sections 9 and 10. He married a Miss Marquardt and reared a large 
family and died. Ferdinand Marquardt came in 1870 and located on section 
3. August Bemau came in 1872 and settled on section 7. He died in 1885. J. H. 
Bemau, also deceased, lived on section 14. Another son William lived on the 
homestead. The daughters were Mrs. R. Kneuper and Mrs. Henrietta Wishmire. 

William Buske, who came to the county in 1871, lived on section 8. He later 
moved to Des Moines. Charles and Merrill Carty, who came in 1872, were then 
aged eleven and thirteen years respectively. August Zieman and wife came in 
1873 and located on sections 21 and 28. Carl Marquardt and wife also came in 
1873. They were the parents of Mrs. Gerhardt and Mrs. George Storck, Mrs. 
W. H. Burger and Ferdinand and Herman Marquardt. Frederick Roggeman 
came in 1873 and settled on section 8. He sold to Louis Niendorf. John West- 
phal came here in 1874 and settled on sections 3 and 4. He died in 1884. His 
widow afterward moved to Des Moines. His son Herman lives in Jefferson 
Township. Frederick H. Myers came in 1874 and located on 320 acres on sec- 
tion 21. 

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The schools of this county were at first conducted on the old subscription 
plan, says W. S. Wilkinson, in a paper on the pioneer schools, read before the 
Historical Society, in 19Q5. Some one would go around the district with a sub- 
scription paper and the head of each family would subscribe so many scholars 
for the term at the price stated in the paper. If they secured a sufficient number 
of pupils the teacher was hired and the school went on. If not, the effort was 
a failure. Many a subscription paper has gone by default by not securing the 
required nuipber. 

The wages paid were about ten dollars a month and the teacher boarded 
'round among the scholars, boarding a week at one home, and the next week 
at another. Girls frequently taught for as low as eight dollars a month. Money 
was scarce then and the teacher sometimes had to take part of his wages in 

The schools of the early days were of two kinds. There was the "loud 
school," and the "silent school." The silent school was where the pupils 
prepared their lessons silently, as at the present time, and the loud school 
was where they prepared their lessons in a loud voice all at the same time in 
school. Both the loud and silent plan had their advocates. In the loud school 
one scholar would be preparing his spelling lesson : B-a-k-e-r — baker ; s-h-a-d-y — 
shady ; 1-a-d-y — lady ; t-i-d-y — tidy ; another his reading lesson : "The boy stood 
on the burning deck, whence all but him had fled," and another: "Mary had a 
little lamb, its fleece was white as cotton and everywhere that Mary went, the 
lamb would go a trottin'." I think those were not the words in the book, but 
something like. They would all be reading their lessons over in a loud voice at 
the same time, making more noise than a lot of women at a quilting party. 

The first school I ever attended was on the silent plan, but the teacher would 
usually let us study our spelling lessons out loud of evenings and sometimes of 
Saturday afternoons we would have loud school; you see then we had six long 
school days in a week. The first school I attended was partly on the loud and 
partly on the silent plan. I think the teacher favored the loud plan but some 
of us were too bashful to study out loud so we composed the silent part of the 

The first loud school I ever saw in Winterset was shortly before the Civil 
war. The school was taught by Mr. HoUingsworth, a very fine old gentleman. 
He called it a select school. A few of us from J. S. Goshom's school visited the 
select school one forenoon. We arrived just before recess. The teacher enter- 
tained us very nicely. He was very enthusiastic over his plan of teaching and 
explained the advantages of that mode very satisfactorily — to himself. 

When time came for books he called the school to business. It would hardly 


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be proper to say order, for I could see no order about it. For some reason he 
had run behind with his recitations, and he called out to Mary Wasson to hear 
such a class and on another advanced scholar to take another class in another 
part of the room, while he heard another class himself and entertained his visitors 
at the same time in a loud voice ; he had to talk very loud to be heard above the 
racket. I think there were forty or fifty scholars present. There were two 
reading and one spelling class reciting at the same time, while all the rest of the 
school were studying their lessons out loud and each one trying to read louder 
than anyone else in the school. That was the loudest school I ever saw. They 
made more noise than the party spoken of a while ago. Now some of the teachers 
are so particular they will hardly let us whisper in school, if they can help it. 

In the old school days, the teacher had his rules for the government of the 
school written down. There were usually about ten of the rules and they stated 
what should be done and what should not be done. These rules were read the 
first thing the morning the term commenced and frequently afterwards until all 
were familiar with them. It was considered that there was more virtue in the rod 
at that time than at the present and for a small violation of the rules a scholar 
would receive about five lashes with a switch, and for a greater violation he 
would be punished according to the offense. 

The free school system did not come into practical operation for several 
years and not for some time after the first free school act was passed. It was 
opposed by some of the heaviest taxpayers on the ground that it was unjust for 
one man to have to pay for the schooling of other people's children. It was 
claimed by some, and not perhaps without some flavor of truth, that those who 
paid the least taxes had the most children to send and those who paid the most 
taxes had the fewest children to send. 

About this time the school lands of this county were sold, the proceeds of 
which formed the "school fund," which still exists. The interest of that fund 
was used then as now, as a public teachers' -fund. This proved to be a great 
stimulus to the free school system, as under a subsequent act each school district 
had to maintain six months' school each year to entitle them to their share of the 
public money. I think there was the same county levy of one mill then as 
now but districts had to arrange for the balance of the six months' school and 
the subscription plan was often resorted to to help out the required amount of 
school, so that the free school system was not in force much before i860. 

The public school fund was cared for for several years by a school fund 
commissioner elected or appointed in each county, and was under the direction 
and frequent inspection of the superintendent of public instruction, but the office 
of school fund commissioner has lon^ been done away with. 

Under the first free school law there were thtee directors in each school 
district and the law made it the duty of the directors to examine or have some 
competent person to examine the teacher as to his qualifications to teach before 
commencing the school. This was before there was a county superintendent of 

The free school system was started under the unfavorable circumstances hinted 
at but was improved from time to time until it developed into the great free 
school system of today, of which the people of this state are justly proud and 
which those of other states view with some degree of admiration. 

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Early under the new system a number of schoolhouses, mostly log houses, 
were built in each township. The districts were marked out and the schoolhouses 
built more to accommodate the settlers than to divide the township, so that of 
the first five or six schoolhouses built in Scott Township, only one or two now 
stand on the ground where the first schoolhouse was built. 

The old schoolhouse was used for early meetings, church, political and social 
gatherings; there were the writing schools, the singing schools, the lyceum and 
the old fashioned spelling school. Those meetings were of frequent occurrence 
during the winter season and were a source of much enjoyment, and perhaps a 
degree of profit to those engaged in them. The spelling was very popular with 
the young people and the teacher who refused to have spelling every week or 
two was very unpopular with his school, and if he did not look sharp, he was 
likely to be turned out by his scholars, and sometimes he was turned out when he 
did have spelling. 

Schools would sometimes prepare for a spelling match and different schools 
would meet at one of the schoolhouses on a certain evening in friendly contest 
to see which school could spell the other down. The result was usually received 
with good grace by the defeated school but sometimes charges of unfairness 
were made by the defeated school and the blame sometimes landed on the teacher 
of the successful school. That and the difficulty of keeping order and the extra 
labor it entailed made it in course of time unpopular with the teachers, so they 
used all their influence to do away with the spelling school and today it is almost 
a thing of the past. 

The principal sport at school was town-ball and at times they would have 
interesting games, and woe to the passerby who ventured to hollow "school 

At this time there were no church buildings and meetings were held in 
the schoolhouses and private homes. They were conducted more on the pioneer 
plan than the more formal mode of today. People wore no silks and satins then ; 
their clothing was mostly home made and they did not object to getting right 
down on their knees at those revival efforts for which those times were noted. 
Some of those revival meetings were spirited affairs and some of the bad boys 
used to say that when the women got to shouting the fun commenced. And 
there was the old fashioned camp meeting where the people would go with a 
covered wagon or tent and camp out for days at a time near some good spring 
in the woods, and there are some certain spots in this county today still spoken 
of as *'the old camp meeting ground.'' But the old fashioned camp meeting 
was a pioneer institution and has almost passed away in its old form. 

The old log courthouse in Winterset was used for several years for all the 
town gatherings, church, school, political and social. 

The politics of an early day in Iowa was of a mild form; there were the 
democrats and whigs; some were democrats I suppose because Jackson was a 
democrat; others were whigs because they didn't want to be democrats. The 
principal difference between the parties at that time was on the tariff and on 
banking, but as the people on the frontier did not buy much, they did not 
excite themselves very much about the tariff. 

The campaigns were run differently from what they are now. It was inde- 
pendent politics then, more like the primary campaigns, only there were not so 

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many candidates. If a man ran for office then he went around over the country 
and talked to the voters. There was no packing of conventions then, for there 
were no conventions to pack, and before the secret ballot came into use they voted 
by word of mouth. The candidates* names were written in a column in the voting 
place and when a man went to vote for a man he said so and it was marked 
down to him, and if a man got the most votes he was elected and if he did not 
get the most votes he was not elected. 

One heard little about politics then, only in a presidential campaign, and not 
much then and it would be four weeks after election before it was known who 
was elected President. There were but few papers published in Iowa at that 
time. There was one started in Des Moines early in the '50s. An agent came 
around through thi^ county and my father subscribed for the paper. I do not 
remember the name of the paper. 

There were a few abolitionists in the eastern states and some farther west who 
thought that it would be funny to steal a few negroes and run them off to Canada, 
and that raised a little steam. And there were a few ''Know Nothings" that were 
mean enough to think that Pat and Yacob had no right to vote and hold office 
in this country and that certain religious people ought to have nothing to say 
in this Government, and that raised a little more steam. And there were a 
whole lot of fellows who said that the South should not have any more territory 
for slavery if they could help it. And there were a whole lot of fellows who 
said they wanted more territory for slavery, that they needed it in their business 
and that they would have it if they could get it. And then things began to boil. 
Our quiet, independent politics was soon changed to a roaring, raging political 

The different parties raised their liberty poles in every town in the county. 
They held their meetings in every schoolhouse in the county, sometimes in the 
daytime and sometimes at night. Sometimes they would hold their meetings 
in the woods. They would sometimes gather at a schoolhouse like a camp meeting, 
go in the morning and stay all day, have speaking in both the forenoon and 
afternoon. And they would sometimes round up at Winterset in the evening 
and frequently some would get enthused with spirits that were not altogether 
political. They would sometimes have a joint discussion. Both sides would 
meet and divide the time and each side would have just so long a time to see 
how many mean things he could say about the other side, and according to the 
verdict of the crowd both sides always came out away ahead. 

Henry Clay Dean made his great speech to the people of Madison County in 
the summer of i860, I think. He spoke under a walnut tree just a few steps 
south of the old lime kiln on Buffalo road. The stump of that tree was dug 
up a few years ago to get it out of the highway. There was a crowd there like 
a camp meeting and the woods of Middle River rang with Henry Clay's voice. 
At the close of the meeting the people crowded around the stand to shake hands 
with the speaker; men and women, old and young, strove in that throng to 
extend that mark of courtesy to their favorite orator. 


Much has been said at one time or another about the "Great Snake Hunt," 
as it was called, which took place in this county in the spring and summer of 1848. 

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As is well known, when this county was first settled the rattlesnakes were very 
numerous and it is natural that the settlers would be very uneasy lest some of 
their loved ones should become victims of the deadly sting of these reptiles, 
so during the fall and winter previous to that spring, there was as much talk 
as about the cabbage snake the last year or two, and with better reason. 

After talking the matter over among themselves for some time they called 
a meeting of the settlers to form some plan of concerted action to get rid of 
the snakes, and they concluded that the best way to get rid of the snakes was to 
kill them. So it was agreed to have a general snake hunt the coming season. To 
increase the interest ia the enterprise it was decided to divide the settlers into 
two companies by the line running through the center of the county east and west. 
This line divided the settlers about evenly. 

Those living on the north side of that line were in the North Company and 
those living south "of it were in the South Company. To give form to the move- 
ment each company selected a captain. William Combs was captain of the North 
Company and Ephraim Bilderback was captain of the South Company, and to 
add still more interest to the hunt it was agreed that the company killing the 
greatest number of snakes was to receive from each man of the defeated company 
a certain amount of com to be delivered at Hart & Hinkle's mill, which was being 
built that summer. As to the amount of com there seems to be some difference 
in recollection. Mr. Davies has it two bushels to the man; Mr. Guye thinks 
it was ^Yz but Mr. Wilkinson thinks that it was a peck of com to the man. 
But it matters little about the amount; it was a small amount of com but the 
com was never paid, though I think (W. S. Wilkinson, writer of the article 
speaking) it would have been if it had ever been demanded, and the circum- 
stances had been such that it could well have been done, but the snow was 
so deep that winter that the settlers could scarcely get the com to the mill to make 
the meal for their com bread and by the time their crops were in the next spring, 
there was not one settler in a dozen that had any com above what would bread 
their family through the summer. And the object of the hunt was accomplished; 
the snakes were killed and little was thought of the bonus. 

All the instmctions given were to go forth and kill all the snakes they could ; 
to sneak out and watch the dens as the snakes were coming out in the spring 
and kill as many as possible before they got abroad. You may be sure that all 
were pretty busy that spring getting their ground ready and planting crops, but at 
noon every nice, warm day, while the snakes were coming out of their dens, 
some one would run down to the snake dens to see if there were any snakes 
lying around in the sun, and usually some were caught. Most of the snakes 
killed were caught before leaving their dens. 

It is the habit of the rattlesnake at the approach of winter to den up in the 
rocky bluffs along the streams where there is an open ledge of rocks affording 
an entrance. They remain in their dens until the weather begins to get quite 
warm in the spring. About the last of April or the first of May, according to 
the season, they begin to come out in the warm part of the day and lie around 
in the sun a while and then crawl back into the den. As the weather grows warmer 
they leave the den by degrees, coming back to the den at night for a while before 
leaving it entirely, affording the vigilant snake hunter a good opportunity to kill 

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them before they get off into the woods and brush. Many snakes were found 
and killed after getting away from their dens that summer and fall. 

The settlers were on the lookout for snakes at all times and Sunday was 
given over to the hunting and killing of them. Quite a few were killed in the 
fall as they were returning to their dens. It was customary to go around armed 
with clubs amd when watching the dens in the spring have a wire hook driven 
into the end of a stick to pull the snakes out of holes and from under rocks. 
The rattles of the snakes were saved and were counted at the celebration held in 
Guye's Grove on the Fourth of July, 1848 — ^the first celebration ever held in this 

There was a committee appointed to count the rattles, consisting of Jacob 
Combs and William Gentry, of the North Company, and David Bishop and some 
one whose name is not now remembered, from the South Company. A. D. Jones 
of the North Company was appointed clerk of the committee. The rattles 
counted that day amounted to between three thousand and four thousand. The 
north side counted the most rattles. Few kept count of the snakes killed after 
that season, but from some who did keep count there were ten or twelve per cent 
of the snakes killed after the count, which would run the total number killed 
that season to something over four thousand. 

There was no organized "snake hunt'* after 1848 but the settlers kept up their 
vigilance and watched the snake dens just as closely for several years after the 
*'hunt'' until the snakes became quite scarce, so that they ceased to cause any great 

Some very interesting and successful snake frolics were engaged in that 
season, some of which have already been told in county history that seems a 
little large, which, no doubt, are true. It should be understood that these large 
frolics took place on Sunday, when the whole force would go forth in crowds 
and make a general round up of dens. One of these was where George Guye and 
some others of the north side killed over one hundred snakes one Sunday. Mr. 
Guye is still living to testify to these facts. The first den they went to in the 
morning, when it was cool, they found about thirty-seven snakes rolled up in a 
ball, supposedly to keep warm, and during the day they killed the number given. 
Of course this took place in the spring when the snakes were coming out of 
their dens. 

At first there was no town, mill, church or schoolhouse, and nothing to draw 
the people together, so there were no beaten roads and nothing more than a 
narrow path from house to house or anywhere else and there were high weeds 
and grass everywhere. It seems fortunate, as numerous as the rattlesnakes 
were in this county, that there were not more people bitten by them. The boys, 
and many of the men, went in their bare feet in the warm weather and ran 
some very close chances of being bitten by rattlesnakes while in the weeds. But 
the large kind were considered slow .of action until thoroughly aroused and 
it is said they would always rattle before making their strike. Men and boys 
would jump higher and farther at the sound of the rattle of a snake than they 
were apt to do under any other circumstances. The constant vigilance of the 
people and the inertness of the snakes was probably the reason so few were bitten. 
There were but two cases of snake bite in the Wilkinson neighborhood, neither 
of which proved fatal. There were other cases in the county and there were 

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some deaths. Sam Peter's boy was bitten on the finger or hand while playing 
near the house and died in a few hours. Of the two spoken of in the Wilkinson 
•neighborhood, one is still living but not in this state. They were both confident 
that their lives were saved by the use of whisky — the only sure cure for snake 
bite. It was so popular a remedy that people usually kept some on hand in case 
of need. Some people used to think it was as good a preventative as a cure. 
When the first prohibition law was passed in this state it was opposed by a good 
many on the ground that whisky was the only sure cure for snake bite. People 
do not seem to think so much of whisky for snake bite as they used to. The 
doctors do not use as much for snake bites as they did but they use it ior other 

Stock was sometimes bitten by rattlesnakes, or supposed to be, and the 
remedy in that case was rattlesnakes master, a weed that grew everywhere on the 
prairie, with a stem, flag leaves and a large burr on top. This weed was gathered, 
the juice pounded out and mixed with sw^et milk and the animal drenched 
with it ; a poultice was also made of this weed and bound to the wound. There 
were but few deaths among stock caused by snake bite. 

Some of the habits of the rattlesnake are hard to understand. So many 
stories have been told about snakes that are so unreasonable that one is apt to 
consider all stories which are not understood as "snake stories." 

Uncle Davy Henry, a very nice, jovial fellow, settled on Cedar Creek, on 
the bottom place now occupied by J. J. Gaston. He was liked by everybody but 
was counted a little high on snake stories and every one had a laugh at Uncle 
Davy's stories. He used to tell of seeing a dozen or two young snakes run into 
their mother's mouth. Every one knew that was not true but people repeated it 
to laugh about and the boys laughed about it. They knew it was not true because 
the old folks said it was not true, but everybody liked Uncle Davy, he was such 
a nice clever man and so truthful in everything except snakes. Sarah Cooper 
states in her work on the subject of snakes that "the young rattlesnakes are 
hatched in broods of eight or ten and cared for by the mother snake until well 
grown, and on the approach of danger they run into their mother's mouth." How 
now about Uncle Davy's story? It don't look so bad after all. 

Some of the snake stories told are snake stories indeed, but others that look 
unreasonable are nevertheless true. W. S. Wilkinson once opened an old snake 
and found in it thirty-four young ones and he helped his mother skin an old 
one to get the oil for medical purposes and found in it over ninety young snakes, 
ranging in length from one and one-half to two inches. Henry Rogers, a neighbor 
of the Wilkinsons, afterward counted ninety-four young snakes in an old one. 

Note. — From some cause Mr. Davies got the date of the snake hunt wrong. 
He has it 1849. It should be 1848. See A. D. Jones' letter in ^'Madison County 

It is thought to be a disputed question among naturalists whether or not 
rattlesnakes care for their young in this way. 

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By Ezra Brownell 

The order of Patrons of Husbandy originated with O. H. Kelly, an officer 
of the Department of Agriculture, in 1866, and the giving to women a full mem- 
bership therein, with Miss Carrie A. Hall, of Boston, Massachusetts. These two, 
with William Saunders and Rev. A. B. Grosh, of the Department of Agriculture, 
William M. Ireland, of the Postoffice Department, Rev. John Trimble and J. R. 
Thompson, of the Treasury Department, and F. M. McDowell, a pomologist, of 
Wayne, New York, organized the National Grange, in a small building in the 
gardens of the Department of Agriculture on December 4, 1867, and the following 
officers were elected: J. R. Thompson, lecturer; William M. Ireland, treasurer; 
O. H. Kelly, secretary; William Saunders, master. 

The first subordinate grange was organized at Washington, D. C, as a school 
of instruction, January 8, 1868, with William M. Ireland as master. The first 
subordinate grange to receive a charter was at Fredonia, New York, April 16, 
1868. The first state grange organized was Minnesota State Grange, February 
22, 1869. The first subordinate grange organized in Iowa was Newton Grange, 
No. I, at Newton, Jasper County, May 2, 1868, under dispensation from the 
National Grange, with A. ,Failer, W. M. and C. A. Fish, secretary. The first 
subordinate grange to receive a charter from the Iowa State Grange was Hardin 
County Grange, No. i, January i, 1871, organized by Dudley W. Adams. The 
first Iowa State Grange was held in 1871 and its sessions have been held each year 
since at various places in the state. 

The granges organized in Madison County were as follows : 

No. 12, Prairie Flower, January 10, 1871, Ohio Township, William Anderson, 
master; J. Garst, secretary; W. Anderson, organizer. 

No. 85, Earlham, December 6, 1871, Earlham; S. Hightower, master; D. • 
Stanton, secretary; W. D. Wilson, organizer. 

No. 170, Penn, February 15, 1872, Penn Township, C. Crane, master; Daniel 
Francis, secretary; J. D. Whitman, organizer. 

No. 210, St. Charles, February 29, 1872, St. Charles; S. M. Creger, master; 
John Honnold, secretary; S. M. Hightower, organizer. 

No. 249, Stringtown, March 13, 1872, Jackson Township; William Bard, 
master; J. S. Bard, secretary; S. M. Hightower, organizer. 

No. 262, North Branch, March 14, 1872, Douglas Township; J. Butler, master; 
J. H. Lock, secretary ; S. M. Hightower, organizer. 

No. 295, Douglas, March 30, 1872, Douglas Township; J. A. Dooley, master; 
S. A. Ellis, secretary ; S. M. Hightower, organizer. 


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No. 376, South Branch, May 7, 1872, Douglas Township; H. Davis, master; 
John Stock, secretary; S. M. Hightower, organizer. 

No. 378, Winterset, May 11, 1872, Winterset; N. W. Garretson, master; 
W. H. Lewis, secretary; W. D. Wilson, organizer. 

No. 480, Prairie View, July 8, 1872, Jackson Township; Henry Comp, master; 
E. G. Perkins, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 559, Peru, September 4, 1872, Walnut Township; Isaac Reager, master; 
B. F. Brown, secretary ; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 560, Scott, September 4, 1872, Scott Township; J. S. Holmes, master; 
W. S. Wilkinson, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 571, Grand River, September 14, 1872, Grand River Township; J. W. 
Pinkney, master; T. Sharp, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 755, Webster, December 28, 1872, Webster Township; E. A. Pindell, 
master; M. C. Shaw, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 875, Union Chapel, February 11, 1873, South Township; W. H. Queer), 
master; S. A. Ross, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 876, Monroe, February 12, 1873, Monroe Township; Bolsar Hartsook, 
master; B. F. Hartsook, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 877, Clanton, February 13, 1873, Monroe Township; Gerth Hamblin, 
master; Mattie Hamblin, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 878, Deer Creek, February 14, 1873, Monroe Township; J. Reasoner, 
master; M. R. Sheldon, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 895, Jefferson, February 18, 1873, Jefferson Township; J. A. Harten- 
bowcr, master; William McCleary, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 896, Union, February 18, 1873, Union Township; T. S. Love, master; 
J. S. McGinnis, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 899, Patterson, February 19, 1873, Patterson; W. Howell, master; John 
Gamble, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 935, Pleasant Grove, February 22, 1873, Jefferson Township; Jas. Means, 
master ; J. T. Shaw, secretary ; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 1,096, Lincoln, March 14, 1873, Lincoln Township; W. J. Ruby, master; 
W. A. Steward, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 1,206, Valley, March 22, 1873, South Township; Robert Cleland, master; 
M. I. Bean, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 1,207, Ohio, March 24, 1873, Ohio Township; C. H. Young, master; G. 
W. Foreman, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 1,208, Liberty, March 27, 1873, Lincoln Township; William Hartsook, 
master; Noble Peters, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 1,235, Harmony, March 29, 1873, Madison Township; M. A. Knight, 
master; George Storck, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 1,236, Bethel, March 31, 1873, Walnut Township; L. H. Chapman, master; 
D. F. Foster, secretry; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 1,293, Jackson, April 5, 1873, Jackson Township; S. Hamilton, master; 
D. H. McDill, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

No. 1,382, Buckeye, April 17, 1873, Ohio Township; Robert Eyrie, master; 
Calvin Ellis, secretary; N. W. Garretson, organizer. 

The above granges continued their work for various periods, all finally 
lapsing. The last to report to the State Grange were No. 376, South Branch, 

Vol. 1— m 

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paid to December 31, 1891 ; Ndf 480, Prairie View, paid to June 30, 1892; and 
No. 1,208, Liberty, paid to December 31, 1894. 

Perhaps an epitome of the Grange principles and accomplishments would be 
interesting, the motto being "In essentials, unity; in non-essentials, liberty; in all 
things, charity." 

The specific objects of the grange were to develop higher manhood and woman- 
hood; to strengthen love for pursuits; to foster cooperation; to maintain laws; 
to buy less and produce more; to condense the weights of exports; to discoun- 
tenance the credit system, the mortgage system and every other system tending to 
prodigality and bankruptcy; to meet together, talk together, work together, and 
act together for mutual advancement. 

farmers' mutual insurance company 

A meeting for the purpose of organizing a township mutual benefit association 
was held on June 22, 1878. Wm. McDonald presided at this meeting and H. D. 
McCombs acted as secretary. A permanent * organization was perfected with 
Emerous Hazen as president ; J. C. Weede, secretary ; and John Westphal, treas- 
urer. On January 4, 1879, ^^ the second meeting the same officers were chosen. 
On December 4, 1879, the association met for the purpose of adopting a constitu- 
tion, and articles of incorporation as the Farmers' Mutual Insurance Company, 
covering the south half of Dallas County and all of Madison County. At this 
meeting Emerous Hazen was chosen president; H. D. McCombs, secretary; and 
John Westphal, treasurer. The charter members were all Jefferson Township 
farmers, viz. ; H. D. McCombs, A. P. Fitch, Wm. McDonald, Charles Wishmire, 
Wm. Buske, Emerous Hazen, H. E. Marquardt, Louis Ballou, Ed. Steinhaus, Wm. 
Steinhaus, F. P. Hazen, Ferdinand Marquardt, Harry Linton, A. B. Kirkpatrick, 
Chris. Heitman, J. C. Weede, and John Wesphal. 

At a special meeting held in Winterset on January 10, 1880, the newly incor- 
porated company elected the following officers : President, Emerous Hazen ; vice 
president, Lewis Ballou; secretary, H. D. McCombs; treasurer, John Westphal; 
directors, A. B. Kirkpatrick, Wm. McDonald, J. C. Weede, F. Pw Hazen, Harry 
Linton, A. P. Fitch, Ferdinand Marquardt, Wm. Buske, Chris. Heitman and H. 
E. Marquardt. 

Some time during the year 1880 Emerous Hazen died and at the annual meeting 
in December of that year George Storck was chosen president, H. D. McCombs, 
secretary, and Wm. McDonald, treasurer. Mr. Storck held the position of presi- 
dent until April 8, 1893, when he was chosen secretary to take the place of H. D. 
McCombs, deceased, and has held that position to the present time. Mr. Mc- 
Combs had held the position of secretary from 1880 to the time of his death in 
1893, with the exception of the year 1881 when it was filled by James McCullough. 
At the time of the death of Mr. McCombs, John Brooker, who had been vice 
president since 1885 became president, serving as such until his death in the year 
1904. At the time of Mr. Brooker*s death George Mueller was vice president and 
was then made its president, serving in that capacity until the present time. Abe 
Golden was elected treasurer in 1882 to take the place of Wm. McDonald, de- 
ceased, serving as such until the annual meeting of 1888 when Taylor Jennings 
was chosen and he has held that position to the present time. 

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The company at the present time is in a flourisking condition, carrying over two 
million dollars risk by 1,200 farmers. 

The annual meeting is held in Winterset on the third Saturday of October of 
each year. At the last meeting the following officers were chosen : 

President, George Mueller of Jeflferson Township, Madison County; vice 
president, D. C. Harper, of Adams township, Dallas County; secretary, George 
Storck, of Madison Township, Madison County; treasurer, Taylor Jennings, of 
Van Meter Township, Dallas County. There is also chosen one director from 
each township, there being nineteen at the present time. 


By H. A. Mueller 

Pursuant to a call, a meeting was held in the grand jury room in the court- 
house at Winterset, Iowa, on March 14, 1903, at 1 130 P. M., for the purpose of 
organizing a farmers' institute in Madison County. H. A. Mueller was chosen 
temporary chairman, and T. M. Scott temporary secretary. After a few remarks 
the following officers were chosen: President, J. H. Leonard, of Union Town- 
ship; secetary, T. M. Scott, of Scott Township; treasurer, H. A. Mueller, of 
Winterset ; members of the executive committee, W. H. Lewis of Lincoln Town- 
ship, George Mueller of Jefferson Township, J. W. Sawhill of Jackson Township, 
John Schoenenberger of Walnut Township, and A. J. Jones of Scott Township. 

Arrarfgements were made to hold the first institute on March 25th and 26th 
following. H. A. Mueller was appointed a committee to secure members and to 
arrange for the coming program. 

The first annual meeting of the Madison County Farmers' Institute was held 
in the court room on March 25, 1903. Prof. P. G. Holden of Ames, Iowa, and 
Henry Wallace of Wallace's Farmer, Des Moines, Iowa, took part in the pro- 
gram. The day following, March 26th, the constitution and by-laws were adopted 
and the officers chosen for the ensuing year as follows : President, J. H. Leonard ; 
vice president, T. M. Scott; secretary, H. A. Mueller; treasurer, A. M. Meachem ; 
executive committee, W. H. Lewis, John Schoenenberger, and George Storck. 

The presidents and secretaries of the Institute, since 1905, have been : 





...T. M. Scott 

H. A. Mueller 


...H. H. Hawk 

H. A. Mueller 


...H. H. Hawk 

J. S. Herman 


...H. H. Hawk 

J. S. Herman 


...S. A. Hays 

W. I. Raymond 


S. A. Hays 

W. I. Raymond 

191 1 

....S. A. Hays 

W. I. Raymond 


W. D. Patterson 

H. G. Tilton 


W. D. Patterson 

. H. G. Tilton 

The last institute was held at Winterset on January 16 and 17, 1913, and was 
a very successful meeting. The following summer arrangements were made for a 

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Short Course to take the place of the Farmers* Institute. At a meeting on Sep- 
tember 20, 1913, officers were chosen as follows: 

President, W. D. Patterson; vice president, W. P. Rhyno; secretary, W. H. 
Vance, treasurer, P. M. McNamara. W. H. Vance, refused to serve and at a later 
meeting S. A. Hays was chosen secretary and township .vice presidents were 
chosen. The first Short Course .was held at Winterset December 29, 1913, to 
January 3, 1914. 


By H. A. Mueller 

The first settlers had been here ten years before there was any attempt made 
to hold any kind of a fair. They were busy in building homes, clearing the forests, 
building fences and breaking the land for cultivation. 

In the fifth annual report of the Iowa State Agricultural Society for 1858, 
Elias Stafford, secretary of this society made the following report : "The question 
of organizing the Agricultural Society in Madison County was first agitated in 
Jun^, 1856. Elias Stafford, during the early part of that month, circulated ad- 
vertisements, calling a meeting on the 21st, at which time a number of farmers 
and others met and appointed a committee, consisting of Messrs. B. F. Roberts, 
J. A. Pitzer, Elias Stafford, W. F. Suydam and E. R. Guiberson, to prepare and 
report a constitution for a County society at an adjourned meeting to be held 
on the 28th inst. The day to which the meeting stood adjourned having arrived, 
and those present who were at the first meeting and some others, the committee 
appointed for the purpose reported a constitution, which after due consideration 
was adopted, after which the meeting adjourned until July 5th. 

'^']n\y 5th, 1856. — Pursuant to adjournment those interested in the formation 
of a County Society met. Elias Stafford in the chair. On motion the meeting 
proceeding to perfect the organization of the Society by electing officers as pro- 
vided by the Constitution adopted at the last meeting. The election resulted as 
follows: President, Elias Stafford; vice presidents, H. J. B. Cummings, W. F. 
Suydam, J. B. Sturman, William Bennett, J. W. Shannon, Isaac Reager, T. W. 
Folwell, Samuel Kenyon and Frank Bosworth; corresponding secretary, B. F. 
Roberts ; recording secretary, W. W. McKnight ; treasurer, D. F. Arnold. Our 
annual meeting for the election of officers is held on the first Saturday of January 
of each year. 

"The first annual fair was held October 8th and 9th, 1856, almost two miles 
northeast of Winterset. (This was on the James James farm, southeast quarter 
of the northeast quarter of Section 29, Union Township, which is now owned by 
Mrs. Joseph Criss). There was no protection from the weather to anything on 
exhibition, except the ladies department, which was arranged under sheds. The 
exhibition was limited and, we might say, thin in every branch, although the 
weather was good. An address was delivered by the Rev. Mr. Russell, of Adel, 
Dallas County. After the sale of some excellent fruit trees belonging to Mr. 
Smith, the proceeds were donated to the society. The people generally, were well 
pleased and satisfied with the exhibition and went home determined, if spared 
another year, to be among those who should draw premiums. 

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Receipts $146.25 

Expenditures 78.90 

Balance in treasury $67-35 


"The annual meeting of the society was held, as provided by the constitution, 
on the first Saturday in January. The election of officers resulted as follows : 

President Wm. Jones 

Recording Secretary Elias Stafford 

Corresponding Secretary W. W. McKnight 

Treasurer D. F. Arnold 

"Vice Presidents — H. J. B. Cummings, Elihu Wilson, John B. Sturman, J. W. 
Shannon, Isaac Reager, E. S. McCarty, Lemuel Kenyon and Frank Bosworth. 

"The second annual exhibition was held at the same place as the first, on 
October ist and 2nd, 1857. In the stock department, it was an improvement on 
last year, but in the grain and vegetable departments, not so good. There were 
72 entries in horses and 53 in cattle. In both classes there were some excellent 
animals shown. Messrs. Compton, Wilson and Bamett were the winners in this 

Receipts $14145 

Expenditures 4340 

Balance in treasury $ 98.05 


"The election this year resulted as follows : 

President A. J. Adkinson 

Recording Secretary Elias Stafford f 

Corresponding Secretary W. W. McKnight 

Treasurer B. F. Roberts 

"Vice Presidents or Directors — D. F. Arnold, H. J. B. Cununings, N. W. Gar- 
retson, C. Wilson, Otho Davis, A. Parker, E. S. McCarty, William Payton, J. C. 
Johnston, W. Hardy and F. Bosworth. 

"At this meeting initiatory steps were taken to secure a permanent place and 
fixtures for holding our fairs. After much debate this movement resulted in 
leasing ten acres of ground half a mile from Winterset. (This ground was south 
of the M. Schroeder brewery, in the northeast quarter of Section 31, Union Town- 
ship, now owned by Mrs. S. D. Alexander). It is beautifully located on high, dry 
prairie, and we have succeeded in enclosing six acres of it with a good close 
fence, seven feet high, gates and other accommodations, so as to make it what it 

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should be for the purpose for which it was designed. The third exhibition was 
held on the new grounds on October 7th and 8th, and notwithstanding all our 
preparations, it was a comparative failure. We do not attribute this to a want of 
interest on the part of the farmers, but to the universal failure of crops and 
scarcity of money, in connection with the fact that a violent and cold storm pre- 
vailed during the fair and two days previous, rendering it very unpleasant for out 
of door employments. 

Receipts for membership , $80.00 

Receipts from other sources 33.00 

Total $113.00 . 

Paid out for fence $80.10 

Balance in treasury $32.90 

"We have not paid any money for premituns, giving diplomas only. The 
fencing and other fixtures on our grounds have cost $625.00 on which we have 
paid $386.00 leaving us in debt $289.00." 

Fairs Were held here annually until 1866, except the years 1861, 1862 and 1863, 
when theire were no exhibitions. No reasons were assigned but all know that 
that was during the Civil war, when the people were busily engaged in defending 
their homes, and their minds were occupied with news from the front. The 
writer has not had any definite information relative to when the first fair was 
held at the grounds, west of Winterset. In the report for 1865 the secretary 
states that "The Board of Supervisors have appropriated $300.00 for purchasing 
new grounds, and $200.00 was raised by individual subscriptions." In the report 
for 1866 he says that "the fair was held at the grounds near Winterset. The 
Society have purchased the old fair grounds and are some in debt. However, a 
deed was not made to the Society until Sept. 2, 1867." Fairs were held here an- 
nually, except in 1894. A premium list was published that year, but that being the 
"dry" year, no crops were raised, the cattle and hogs were all sold, or were not in 
condition to be put on exhibition, and the farmers having the "blues," no fair was 

The Society had its *'ups" and "downs." Some years there was rain and mud 
to contend with. In others there were poor exhibits, or the times were hard. In 
1882 a cyclone in July tore down the fences and buildings of the association. Ever 
since its organization in 1856, officers were elected every year at the annual meet- 
ing in January. A complete list of the presidents and secretaries is as follows : 

Year President Secretary 

1856 Elias Stafford W. W. McKnight 

1857 Wm. Jones Elias Stafford 

1858 A. J. Adkison Elias Stafford 

1859 David Stanton J. I. Denman 

i860 W. J. Patterson J. I. Denman 

1861 .:.... .P. M. Boyles J. J. Davies 

1862 P. M. Boyles J. J. Davies 

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Year President 

1863 A. J. Adkison 

1864 A. J. Adkison 

1865 A. J. Adkison 

1866 A. J. Adkison 

1867 A. J. Adkison * 

1868 C. B. Lothrop 

1869 M. Glazebrook 

1870 Theodore Cox 

1871 Wm. L. Leonard 

1872 N. W. Munger 

1873 N. W. Guiberson 

1874 N. W. Guiberson 

1875 Wm. F. Hadley 

1876 Wm. F. Hadley 

1877 C. B. Lothrop 

1878 C. B. Lothrop 

1879 Wm. Hedge 

1880 F. H. Roper 

1881 C. F. Koehler 

1882 John S. Taylor 

1883 John S.Taylor 

1884 Henry Comp 

1885 J. P. Steele 

1886 J.J. Gaston 

1887 J. K. Barcroft 

1888 J. H. Wintrode 

1889 Ham Lee 

1890 Ham Lee 

1891 Ham Lee 

1892 C. F. Perkins 

1893 Ham Lee 

1894 Robert Niblo 

1895 Robert Niblo 

1896 L. C. Houk 

1S97 W. E. Mack — resigned 

T. J. Hudson — chosen 

1898 T. ]. Hudson 

1899 C. F. Allgqyer 

1900 George Johnson 

1901 Ben Mintum — resigned 

W. H. Doak — appointed 

1902 J. W. Breeding 

1903 D. T. Miles 

1904 D. T. Miles 

1905 J. H. Dow 

1906 A. D. Guye 

C. S. Wilson 

C. S. Wilson 
J. J. Davies 
Martin Houston 
Martin Houston 

D. E. Cooper 

E. G. Perkins 
D. E. Cooper 
A. H. Adkison 
A. H. Adkison 
A. H. Adkison 
Herman Kinsman 

D. E. Cooper 

A. W. Wilkinson 
W. S. Whedon 
W. S. Whedon 
W. S. Whedon 
J. A. Sanford 
J. A. Sanford 
J. H. Wray 
J. H. Wray 

E. R. Zeller 
W. P. Rhyno 
W. P. Rhyno 
W. E. Ratliff 
E. L. Vance 
C. F. Perkins 
J. H. Wintrode 
J. H. Wintrode 
Charles Brock 
C. F. Perkins 
S. A. Hays 

H. S. Thomson 
Ham Lee 

Charles Lee 
Charles Lee 
T. J. Hudson 
Charles Lee 

T. J. Hudson 

T. J. Hudson 

T. J. Hudson 

T. J. Hudson 

T. J. Hudson 

J. H. Dow — resigned 

A. L. Foster — appointed 

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...A. D. Guye 

Elmer Orris — 

W. H. Vance — assistant 


....A. D. Guye 

John Duff 


Elmer E. Orris 

W. E. Grismer 


Elmer E. Orris 

' A. L. Foster 

191 1 

Elmer E. Orris 

A. L. Foster 


....A. D. Guye 

S. A. Hays 

1913. . 

...J. D. Ross 

S. A. Hays— resigned April, 1913 
Eugene Wilson — chosen 

1914. . . 

Same officers held over 

However, the Society continued its exhibitions with more or less success, 
until the year 1913, when it closed its books, sold the property, turned the balance 
of money on hand to the treasurer of Madison County and went out of existence 
in 1914. 


The first County Fair of Madison County was held about thirty-five rods east 
of the southwest comer of the southeast quarter of the northeast quarter of 
section 29, in Union Township. This property was then owned by James James 
and the fair ground was a little distance east of the stone house that has stood 
these fifty years or more and in the large open barn yard and pasture combined 
that remains to this day. At the time the highway ran north and south along 
the west line of this James' farm, but an open driveway extended easterly from 
the highway close south of the stone house and as far east as the bam yard and 
adjoining pasture. This open driveway was about forty feet wide. By evening 
during the fair the driveway was closely packed with wagons and great difficulty 
occurred in clearing the blockade. 


1849.. 701 1850.. 1,179 185I.. 1492 1852.. 1,832 1854.. 3,112 

1856.. 5,508 1859.. 7,071 i860.. 7,339 1863.. 7,934 1865.. 8,214 

1867.. 9,764 1869.. 11,817 1870.. 13,884 1873.. 14,698 1875.. 16,030 

1880.. 17,224 1890.. 15,977 1900.. 17,710 I9IO.. 15,621 


I9IO 1900 1890 

Center Township coextensive with Winterset City 2,818 3,039 2,281 

Winterset City: 

Ward I : ; 1,516 

Ward 2 1,302 

Crawford Township, including Patterson Town 707 830 830 

Patterson Town 147 163 133 

Douglas Township 736 899 891 

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Grand River Township, including Macksburg Town. . . . 763 

Macksburg Town 197 

Jackson Township 615 

Jefferson Township 648 

Lee Township 497 

Lincoln Township 699 

Madison Township, including Earlham Town i>459 

Earlham Town 749 

Monroe Township 649 

Ohio Township, including Truro Town 940 

Truro Town 310 

Penn Township 698 

Scott Township 781 

South Township, including St. Charles Town i,i94 

St. Charles Town 399 

Union Township 595 

Walnut Township, including East Peru Town IJ35 

East Peru Town 371 

Webster Township 687 


































. 837 


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Ctne of the three subdivisions of the county created was that of South Town- 
ship, which became identified as such at the February term of the court in the year 
1849, and the place selected for the first election was the house of Nathan Viney. 
Before court had adjourned the boundary lines as first drawn were materially 
changed, and at the July term a further transformation in its lines was effected. 

As now organized and laid out, South Township is bounded on the east by 
Warren County, on the west by Scott Township, on the north by Crawford Town- 
ship and on the south by Ohio Township. For agricultural purposes and stock- 
raising, this community has many superior advantages. Qanton Creek runs 
through it near the center from the southwest to the northeast and along its 
borders was found by the settlers a heavy grove of timber, which at the time was 
scarcely surpassed in the state. There are also numerous smaller streams, which 
furnish excellent water and drainage. Stone abounds on Clanton Creek and good 
veins of coal have been found on Buchanan Creek. There are two lines of rail- 
roads entering South Township. The Chicago Great Western cuts across this 
domain from the southwest comer to the northeast comer and a branch of the 
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, formerly the Keokuk & Western, enters on 
section 34, and mnning northward passes through St. Charles by a diagonal 
course. Hanley is a station on the Great Westem. Its religious society is the 
Methpdist Episcopal. 

A large part of South Township's history relating to its early settlement has 
already been told in this volume, so that it would be repetitious and rather irk- 
some to go over the details in this chapter. However, the reader by this time is 
acquainted with the fact that the members of the Clanton colony were the first 
white persons to stake out claims and become settlers in this locality. It should 
also be remembered that Caleb Clark, whose wife was a Clanton, was one of the 
band of immigrants known as the Clanton colony. 

David Bishop was among those who settled in South Township in 1847, com- 
ing that year from Shelby County, Indiana. He established a home on section 7, 
and at the time his family was the eleventh to set up a residence here. David 
Bishop was one of the first county commissioners and in 1857 was elected 
treasurer and recorder of the county. 

The Fifes — ^Amos, David and Samuel-^were natives of Columbiana County, 
Ohio, and settled in the township in December, 1849, the details of which will 
be found in an article written by Samuel Fife, hereinto incorporated, together with 
quite a comprehensive survey of other pioneers, who settled here and the essential 
facts relating thereto. Mr. Fife mentions the names of many of the hardy men and 
women who took part in opening the land here to cultivation and giving the 
township its start on its great road to progress and prosperity, so that their names 


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Came to Madison County in 1847. Was elected a justice of the 
peace at first election held in Black Oak Grove precinct, Augitst, 
1847. One of the first county commissioners chosen January 1, 
1849. Was elected recorder and treasurer of Madison County in 
1857 and was defeated for representative in 1859. One of the 
commissioners appointed in 1851 to locate the county seat of 
Guthrie County. Father of Rev. J. G. Bishop of Dayton, Ohio, 
and of the late A. H. Bishop of South Township 

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will not be repeated, but their histories, as they relate to that of South Town- 
ship, will be left to Samuel Fife to portray. There are many others, however, 
who deserve a place in this history not mentioned in the Fife reminiscences, and 
still others, the details of whose immigration to this county are not available. 
So far as possible, therefore, what is known of the settlers following those men- 
tioned will be here indicated. 

M. C. Debord, a Virginian by birth, immigrated from Shelby County, Indiana, 
with his family to Illinois to 1843, fr'om which state he came to Iowa, and in 
September, 1849, located on section 7, in this township, where he lived, for many 
years and enjoyed the fruits of a frugal and industrious life. He at one time 
served on the board of supervisors. Among his children bom here was E. C. 
Debord, who married Miss Joan Hicks in 1873 ^^^ ^^^ many years lived on 
section 7. 

J. C. Johnston and Madeline, his wife, left the State of Indiana in the spring 
of 1850 and arrived in Madison County, where they located, choosing for their 
home South Township. Jehu M. Johnston, a son, came the' same year and 
located on section 32. The journey from the Hoosier State was made in a 
wagon and required about two months. Mr. Jehu M. Johnston later moved to 
section 26. 

T. J. Rhyno also moved into the county in 1850. He was a Virginian by 
birth but lived for many years in the State of Ohio, where he married Sarah 
Draper in 1848. Mr. Rhyno located on section 32. He entered 500 acres 
of land. It is said that when he left his home in Virginia he walked the whole 
distance to Louisville, Kentucky, and in 1850 walked from Keokuk to South 

James A. Rhyno, also of Virginia, became a journeyman printer and worked 
at the trade for some time in Ohio and several of the southern states. He served 
in the Mexican war and during the winter of 1851 arrived in South Township, 
where he entered 160 acres of land on section 28. 

The Runkles, Thomas and son, J. M., were settlers in this township in 185 1. 
Thomas located on section 7, and in 1850 married Catherine Guilliams. J. M. 
Runkle located on section i. 

Nicholas Shaver was one of the first comers to the township. He was a 
native of Virginia, settled in Ohio, from which state he came by wagon to 
Madison County in 1851 and located on section 4 in 1853. George Hartman, 
came in 1851 and N. S. Allcock in 1847. 

David Downs was bom in Monroe County, Indiana, in 1824. He was mar- 
ried in 1848 and in 1850 settled in Warren County, where he remained until the 
spring of 185 1. He then came to Madison County and located in this township. 
Mr. Downs built the first sawmill in the township and with his partner, and 
father-in-law, George Hartman, was engaged in the lumber business about three 
years, when he removed to his home on section 24. 

James Phipps located on section 35 in this township in 185 1. He was a native 
of Grayson County, Virginia. When thirteen years of age his parents removed 
to Tennessee and from there to Missouri, from whence he came to Iowa, first 
locating in Warren County in 1846. 

C. W. Thompson, who was long a justice of the peace, was an Ohioan by birth 
and came from his native state to this township with his parents in 1852. 

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Abraham Black was bom in the Old Dominion in 1803 and with his family 
removed to Indiana in 1840, from whence he came to Madison County in 1852 
and located on section 22, where Hanley now stands. 

John Hartman came with his parents, George and Mary Hartman, from Hen- 
dricks County, Indiana, to Iowa, in 1850, and to this county in the spring of 
185 1, when they located on section 14, in South Township. The father died in 


Hogan Queen was bom in Wayne County, Indiana, in 1821, and married 
Martha A. Runkle in 1846. With his family he came to Madison County by 
wagon in 1853, spending sixteen days on the road and upon his arrival here, located 
on section 7, where he improved one of the finest farms in the county. Mr. 
Queen became a large landowner and one of the important men of the county. 

J. M. Browne, a native of Pennsylvania, removed to Ohio when a young man 
and in the spring of 1855 came to Madison County and settled at St. Charles. 
In addition to being one of the pioneer merchants of the town he was also a 
farmer and stock- raiser and accumulated considerable land. In August, 1862, he 
organized Company F, Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry and was elected its captain. 
After being wounded at the battle of Parker's Cross Roads, he resigned his 
commission and in the winter of 1865-6 represented this county in the Eleventh 
General Assembly. Captain Browne died in October, 1913. 

N. P. Pomeroy was one of the worthy settlers who came to Madison County 
from Holmes County, Ohio, in 1855, and settled in this township. For many 
years his home was on section 17. He married Sarah J. Collins in i860. She was 
also of Holmes County. 

Jefferson Wheat arrived in South Township early in the '50s. His fathei 
bought a claim on section 26 and there the family took up their residence. 

Thomas W. Stiles was one of the sturdy and worthy Hoosier farmers, who 
left his native state in 1858 and first settled in Warren County. Two years later 
he located on section 3, South Township. Stiles enlisted in Company F, Thirty- 
ninth Iowa Infantry in 1862 as second lieutenant and on the resignation of Capt. 
James M. Browne he was promoted to fill the vacancy. 

I. S. Taylor, a Pennsylvanian by birth, moved with his parents to New York 
and eventually found his way to Indiana, from which state he immigrated to 
Iowa in 1858. He chose Madison County for his home and located on section 7, 
South Township. 

James Young was born in Pennsylvania in 183 1 and lived there until the 
spring of 1856, when he located on section i, this township.' He was a veteran 
of the Civil war, being a member of Company F, Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry. 

R. M. Young came in 1856. Located on section 12. He was a member of 
Company I, Thirty-ninth Infantry. 

Caleb Clark, after two or three removals, finally made his residence at Winter- 
set. He was a mason, as were a number of his sons and it is doubtful if any 
one has done more hard work and more permanent work than the members of this 
pioneer family. The Clanton settlement was a stopping place for stock drovers 
and teamsters when the nearest market was at Keokuk and Eddyville. The All- 
cocks and Aliens also stopped here and left their mark in the organization of Elm 
Grove Church. This was one of the first religious organizations formed in the 
county and it has been permanent and progressive. The old house of worship was 

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Built in 1853 on section 23 South Township near St. Charles. The 
lumber used was sawed by the Hartman and Downs up and down sawmill 
on Clanton Creek. This was a palace in its day and was used as a resi- 
dence until the ^908 when it was converted into a barn and so used 
until about 1912 when it was torn down by James Fulton. 

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recently removed and a beautiful new one erected in its place, with all modem 

Other early settlers are Nathan Viney who came about 1848 settling on the 
west part section 18. Here the first election, January i, 1849, was held in South 
Township. About 1850 Mr. Viney sold his farm and moved to section 26, South, 
owning the farm west of the Viney Schoolhouse, named after him, also the ceme- 
tery to the west of the home, later known as the Summerville farm. 

James Wheat came in 185 1 and bought the claim of Charles Clanton on section 
26 later owned l)y Albert King. 

Isaac Knotts came in 1850 and settled on section 35, on land now owned by S. 
A. Bradshaw. 

George Smith settled in 1847 on section 10 on the east side of Clanton Creek. 
He was the father of Mrs. Amos Fife, still living in St. Charles. 

Isaac Smith settled in 1847, at the foot of the hill on section 11, where Mr. 
Amos Fife lived for many years. 

Pleasant Rollins settled on Clanton Creek on section 28, in 1847. His son, 
Caleb, lived in that vicinity for many years. He was a soldier of the Civil war, 
dying a few years ago. 

David Simmerman came in 1848, settling on the west part of section 15, south 
of the present home of W. A. Carter. 

Hiram Clough and family came in 1852 settling where S. T. Johnston lives, 
section 25, and Oliver Morgan, in 1853, settled just east of them on the same 
section on land that is now owned by S. T. Johnston and J. P. Small. 

In 1849 Jesse Young bought the claim of Caleb Clark on section 14 and in 
1851 sold to George Hartman. Mr. Hartman and Jesse Young in 1852 laid out 
the town of St. Charles. 

Bud Whited came in 1847 with his brother-in-law, David Bishop, and settled 
in the northwest part of South Township near the present site of Union Chapel. 
This later became known as the M. C. Debord farm on section 7. 

David Worley was a Methodist Episcopal preacher and in a very early day 
settled in section 3. Captain Stiles for many years owned the land. 

Wm. Steigerwalt bought the first claim of Caleb Clark on section 10 and in 
1853 sold to Mr. Steel, the father of Stephen Steel. 

In 1855 William Bradshaw settled in section 36 on the farm now owned by his 
daughter, Mrs. Robert Phipps. 

George Black came in 1852 and lived on section 36 for many years until his 
removal to St. Charles where he died about 1900. 

Norval S. Allcock came in 1847 ^^^ bought the claim of Gifford Lee, now the 
present site of Hanley. His cabin was situated in the south part of the present 
site of Hanley near Mrs. Bishop's bam. He sold his claim to Abraham Black and 
bought the claim of Hiram Hurst on section 29 and moved there in the fall of 
1 85 1. Mr. Allcock was a county commissioner in 1850. It was at his home that the 
early circuit rider stopped and held church occasionally. Meetings were held at 
his home and later in the school houses, from which developed the present Elm 
Grove Church. 

Thus by the time of the Civil war, South Township was pretty well settled and 
contributed many men for the various regiments, especially the 39th. 

The first schoolhouse, which was a log cabin, stood about a fourth of a mile 

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north of J. M. Clanton's residence and was built about 1850. The building 
answered its purposes until about 1858, when it became a storer^oom in St. 
Charles. Another schoolhouse took its place which, when discarded by the 
authorities, was converted into a harness shop, and is still used as a store. 

Log raising and fitting them snugly and securely at the comers required a 
certain amount of expertness and among the settlers there were some who 
were adepts at the business, and when a cabin was to be raised their services were 
always in demand. Among the principal ones better known as "comer men'* 
around St. Charles about the year 1849 were Joei Canton, Samuel Fife, George 
Black, and David Downs. Samuel Fife helped raise cabins and fit the comers 
along South River and Clanton to Middle River. Mr. Fife says very little whis- 
key was used at these raisings and that he never happened to be at a raising 
where whiskey was present. However, he says that when Sheckels' house was 
raised in St. Charles in 1854, one Clerly, while sitting in the shade, met his death 
by a log falling on him. It is said that if the man had been sober he could have 
easily saved himself from harm. At the time Clerly lived on David Lathrum's 
place west of St. Charles. 

Before the Civil war, any person so inclined and possessing the material and 
experience, could manufacture whiskey without let or hindrance from the Govem- 
ment. About i860 Tom Young had a distillery on his place in St. 'Charles, which 
he sold to Jacob Kimer, who moved it to his farm, west of Hanley, now owned 
by Sanford Johns, where he put up a special building near a big spring and close 
to the main road. There he continued to make *'fire water'' until two years after 
the war, when the still was forced out of business thereafter by the mandates 
of the law. 


The writer of the lines following was a daughter of Caleb Clark, a son-in-law 
of Mrs. Clanton, and a member of the Clanton colony. She was the first white 
female bom in Madison County, January 9, 1847, and, according to local historians, 
she is credited with being ahead of all others in this respect, male or female. 
This little bud grew into a choice prairie flower, which was plucked by Andrew 
Tusha for his own. A few years ago, Mrs. Tusha was called upon by the 
Madisonian to relate some of her early recollections and this is what she said: 
"According to our old family Bible, I was bom January 9, 1847, ^^ Madison 
County, Iowa, about one mile from St. Charles on what is known as the old 
Hartman farm. From there father moved to the old Asa Evans farm in 1849, 
and from there to another place a little nearer Winterset. About that time was 
the Califomia emigration and father traded a cow for a stove. That was the 
first stove I ever saw. About that time father bought the first clock I ever saw. 
Brother Frank Clark has the clock yet. I went to my first school while we lived 
there. They had home-made stools, without any backs. From that place father 
moved to Winterset when I was seven or eight years old. There I went to school 
in the first schoolhouse built in Winterset. It stood about the same place as where 
the South Ward school is now. We lived in Winterset until I was married to 
Andrew Tusha in 1866. Then Mr. Tusha and I moved to a farm on North 
Branch, sold out there and moved to the Middle River bottom, close to what is 

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First white child born in Madison 
County. Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Caleb Clark. Date of birth, January 
9, 1847. 

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•^ I 

-V I 

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known as the Tusha Schoolhouse. Mr. Tusha helped organize the district and 
build the schoolhouse. We lived there about sixteen years and then moved to 
Hoosier Prairie, and from there to St. Charles, and from St. Charles we came to 
Elida, New Mexico, in 1905. Our son and son-in-law also came to Elida and 
filed on claims. There are schoolhouses all over the country and we have an 
eight room schoolhouse in Elida.*' 


The first settlers in South Township were Joel M. Clanton, Isaac Clanton, 
Charles Clanton, Caleb Clark and their families, who came from Missouri in the 
spring of 1846, and settled near the present site of St. Charles. They were so 
busily occupied in building homes and clearing the forest that for the first 
few years no attention was given to schools. Soon other settlers came and by 
1849 there were several families living in the county. 

The organization of schools rested with the school fund commissioner. An 
original document was found among old papers at the township clerk's office, of 
South Township, describing a school district, which included the present dis- 
trict of St. Charles, and reads as follows: *'N. S. Allcock. Sir: I have this day 
formed a school district, No. 3, in South Township, Madison County as follows : 
Beginning at the southwest comer of section 30 in township 75 and range 26, 
thence east 3 miles to the northeast comer of section 2, in township 75, in 
range 26, thence south 5 miles to the southeast comer of section 36, in town- 
ship 75, in range 26, thence west to the place of beginning, and you are hereby 
requested to notify the qualified voters within said bounds, to meet at the house 
of Joel M. Qanton therein on the lOth inst. at 2 o'clock P. M. and then and 
there proceed to elect by ballot one secretary, one president and one treasurer 
for said school district. 

^'Given under my hand officially this loth day of September, 1849. 


"School Fund Commissioner of M. C, Iowa." 

On the opposite side of the paper upon which the above was written, the 
following appears : "A list of white persons residing in school district No. 3, of 
South Township, Madison County, between the ages of five and twenty-one 
years, taken between the 15th of September and the ist of October, A. D., 1849; 
Joel Clanton, Nancy Clanton, William Clanton, Isaac W. Clanton, Moses E. 
Clanton, George Clanton, Thomas N. Clanton, William N. Clanton, Charles F. 
Clanton, John Clanton, Lucinda Clanton, Sarah M. Clanton, Rachel Clanton, 
Louisa J. Clark, Rachel C. Clark, Sarah E. Clark, Nancy E. Clark, Sunthaan 
Clark, George W. Clark, Granvill A. Smith, Lucinda Smith, William C. Smith, 
Mary Jane Smith, Lucy Ann Smith, Sary L. Smith, Elizabeth R. Smith, Lucinda 
E. Hail, Orlenia T. Hail, Jesse M. Hail, Willey Stagerwalt, Henry A. Stager- 
wait, Martin Stagerwalt, Fearick Stagerwalt, Sarah E. Stagerwalt, Maranda 
Stagerwalt, Heserkiah Stagerwalt." 

In accordance with this call the following officers were elected: President, 
George Smith ; secretary, N. S. Allcock ; treasurer, William C. Allcock. 

No school was held that year but the following season a log schoolhouse was 
built in Frank Clanton's pasture, near the north side and about twenty rods west 

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of the turn of the road south of Mr. Vanatta's house and about ten rods north of 
where the slaughter-house stood. 

Abner Bell, of Patterson, was the first teacher. School was held in the fall 
and winter of 1850-51 and the pupils attending were: Joel Clanton, William Clan- 
ton, Wesley Clanton, Moses Clanton, Margaret AUcock, Frances Allcock, Lorenzo 
Allcock, John Simmerman, James Simmerman, Jacob Simmerman, Sarah L. 
Smith, Elizabeth Smith, Lucy Ann Smith, Mary Jane Smith, Daniel Smith, George 
Smith, George Clanton, Thomas Clanton, Nancy Clanton, William W. Clanton, 
Charles Frank Clanton, Samuel Fife, James Bell, Mary Jane Bell. 

' The taxpayers of South Township at this time are indicated by the following : 
"A true list of the taxable property of the district, as taken from the assessment 
roll of the county, this 2d day of July, A. D. 1850. 

Norval S. Allcock $1.60 

William Allcock 2.01 

Charles Clanton 2.61 

Isaac Clanton 6.39 

Joel M. Clanton 3.71 

David Fife 2.71 

Amos Fife 1.23 

George Smith 2.74 

Isaac Smith 2.20 

David Simmerman 4.55 

Nathan Viney 6.14 

Jesse Young 2.55 

Isaac Knotts 1.04 

James M. Lee 2.49 

Qement Lee 1.41 

Jacob Kinkamon 52 

David Ralston 58 

Joseph Miller 23^ 

"N. S. Allcock, Secretary of School District No. 3, of South Township.'' 
All were marked paid except the last two. 


The land on which the City of St. Charles was originally located is the west 
half of the northwest quarter of section 24. The north "forty" was entered by 
William Wallace White, January 10, 1851, and the south "forty" by Jesse C. 
Young, December 14, 1850. Later George Hartman bought the north "forty" 
and he inspired the project of locating the town. The platting was done for 
George Hartman and Jesse C. Young, October 7, 1852, Simmons Rutty, surveyor. 
Hartman was an enterprising man and besides being a considerable farmer, 
operated a large sawmill on the Clanton, a short distance southwest of the present 
bridge near Hanley. The town as laid out comprised four blocks, called respec- 
tively the northwest, northeast, southwest and southeast sections, which in this 
respect is unlike any other town platted in the county. The owners gave the place 

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Mr. Allcoek came to Madison County in April, 
1848, and took up a claim where Hanley now 
stands. Elected township clerk of South Town- 
ship, April 2, 1849, and member of Board of 
County Commissioners, August 6, 1849. 
Founder of the Elm Grove Methodist Episcopal 
Class and Church. The Methodist Episcopal 
circuit rider always found a welcome at the 
home of Mr. and Mrs. AUcock. 

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Erected in 1906 

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no name at the time, which was also a novelty in town building. For some time 
the little community discussed one name and then another, until finally it gen- 
erally was agreed to call it St. Charles, after a town in Missouri. This name 
was adopted but it seems has never been entirely satisfactory. The postoffice 
was established December 13, 1853, with David Downs in charge. For some years 
the growth of the town was slow but when the railroad came its spirits were re- 
vived and since then St. Charles has advanced in a steady and substantial man- 
ner, until it is one of the best business towns of its class in the county. 

The first house erected was by John Byers, in 1853, shortly after the town was 
laid out. This was a one-story log dwelling. 

Milton Thompson opened the first stock of merchandise in St. Charles and 
was soon followed by B. F. Allison and the firm of Browne & McCreary. 

Adam Stiffler and Charles Young were early blacksmiths. 


St. Charles was incorporated under an order of the Circuit Court at the 
March term of 1876, when it was ordered by the courts that J. M. Anderson, W. E. 
Mack, H. D. Bean, E. Faust and William McClure be appointed commissioners 
to hold an election as provided by law. In pursuance of this mandate of Judge 
John Mitchell, an election was held at the township house in St. Charles on Mon- 
day, the 15th day of May, 1876. Upon the ballots voted was printed the following : 
**For incorporation or against incorporation," and forty-two citizens expressed 
themselves in favor of incorporation. Theie were only two votes cast against it. 
The names of the voters follow: Ephraim Wallace, Walter Wallace, William 
Ross, Alonzo Emery, N. B. Morgan, William M. Anderson, S. C. Coletrane, 
Grove Robinett, W. E. Mack, J. T. Anderson, J. M. Anderson, P. V. Carpenter, 
George Fatton, D. P. Morgan, John F. Johnston, G. W. Armstrong, William 
McClure, E. Faust, H. D. Bean, David Wallace, Jacob Kepner, William Beaver, 
S. H. Lyons, S. L. Wood, William L. Brown, D. Boswell, J. R. Robertson, N. D. 
Bean, Hiram McCandless, Jackson Kleckner, William K. Kramer, G. C. Lawhead, 
T. Roberts, Stephen Steele, C. W. Thompson, L. J. Forney, S. M. Wallace, Andrew 
Reid, B. W. Tincher, J. C. Armstrong, T. F. Hoff, R. C. Nickle, R. Dick, William 

On the loth day of July, 1876, at the township house in St. Charles, the first 
election was held in the town for municipal offices. H. D. Bean was elected mayor, 
William McClure, recorder; T. Roberts, William Beaver, George Patton, J. M. 
Anderson and E. Faust, trustees. On the 14th day of July the newly elected 
officers met at the township house, qualified and perfected the organization of the 
incorporated town. 

Among other proceedings of this meeting was a motion authorizing the mayor 
to purchase a docket and journal. David Wallace was elected mayor and W. L. 
Browne, treasurer. The mayor was instructed to appoint a committee to draft 
rules to serve as a manual to govern the council. This committee consisted of T. 
Roberts, William McClure and George Patton. 

Following is a list of persons who have held the offices of mayor and clerk 
since St. Charles was incorporated: 1876 — H. D. Bean, mayor; William McClure, 
clerk; 1877 — Jackson Kleckner, mayor; C. W. Thompson, clerk; 1878 — Jackson 

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Kleckner, mayor; C. W. Thompson, clerk; 1879 — S. L. Wood, mayor; C. W. 
Thompson, clerk; 1880 — S. L. Wood, mayor; C. W. Thompson, clerk; 1881 — I. 
M. Clanton, mayor; C. W. Thompson, clerk; 1882 — George Patton, mayor; C. W. 
Thompson, clerk; 1883 — W. B. Hodge, mayor; George Patton, clerk; 1884 — ^W. 
B. Hodge, mayor; S. N. Sayre, clerk; 1885 — J. W. Baird, mayor; S. N. Sayre, 
clerk; 1886 — ^John Baird, mayor; S. N. Sayre, clerk; 1887 — A. V. Barger, mayor; 
S. N. Sayre, clerk; 1888 — ^John McCandless, mayor; S. N. Sayre, clerk; 1889 — 
S. G. Stouffer, mayor; S. N. Sayre, clerk; 1890 — ^J. M. Browne, mayor; G. W. 
Jeffries, clerk; 1891 — ^J. M. Browne, mayor; G. W. Jeffries, clerk; 1892 — ^J. H. 
Stiffler, mayor; J. L. Armstrong, clerk; 1893 — ^J- H. Stifikr, mayor; O. M. Hor- 
ton, clerk; 1894 — C. F. Wood, mayor; O. M. Horton, clerk; 1895 — ^W. H. Cater, 
mayor; O. M. Horton, clerk; 1896 — E. P. Bell, mayor; O. M. Horton, clerk; 
1897— E. P. Bell, mayor; O. M. Horton, clerk; 189&--E. P. Bell, mayor; O. M. 
Horton, clerk; 1899 — C. F. Wood, mayor; O. M. Horton, clerk; 1900 — C. F. 
Wood, mayor; O. M. Horton, clerk; 1901 — P. S. Wise, mayor; O. M. Horton, 
clerk; 1902 — P. S. Wise, mayor; O. M. Horton, clerk; 1903 — P. S. Wise, mayor; 
J. L. Fleming, clerk; 1904— G. A. Zimbelman, mayor; J. L. Armstrong, clerk; 
1905 — G. A. Zimbelman, mayor; M. I. Bean, clerk; 1906— P. S. Wise, mayor; 
J. L. Fleming, clerk; 1907 — P. S. Wise, mayor; J. L. Fleming, clerk; 1908 — 
P. S. Wise, mayor; J. L. Fleming, clerk; 1909 — P. S. Wise, mayor; J. L. 
Fleming, clerk; 1910 — G. L. Archer, mayor; J. L. Fleming, clerk; 191 1 — G. L. 
Archer, mayor; J. L. Fleming, clerk; 1912 — G. L. Archer, mayor; J. L. Fleming, 
clerk; 1913 — G. L. Archer, mayor; J. L. Fleming, clerk; 1914 — P. S. Wise, 
mayor; Clive Johnson, clerk. 

St. Charles has not yet reached that stage where it feels able to assume the 
expense of installing^ public utilities such as waterworks, sewerage, electric 
lights and paving. But it has the incentive and the inclination so to do and 
the time is not far distant when St. Charles will be enjoying these privileges 
and conveniences the same as some of her neighbors. Notwithstanding these 
drawbacks the town has many natural attractions, such as a pure atmosphere, 
plenty of good water, excellent transportation facilities and the surrounding 
country replete with finely cultivated and improved farms, whose owners are 
frugal, industrious and prosperous. With these conditions and blessings St. 
Charles has every incentive to continue on her road of steady advancement and 
has high hopes for the future. Her school and church buildings are modem 
and substantial and meet the requirements of all involved in their maintenance, 
and as a business and shipping center she gives way to none in the county, 
when all things are considered. 


The St. Charles Savings Bank waa organized by W. A. Tris during the spring 
of 1904, and on May 26th of that year opened for business in the building 
formerly occupied by the Citizens Bank. Its first board of directors was: J. D. 
Whisenand, J. G. Olmsted, Edwin A. Nye, H. F. Cross and W. B. Brown, all 
prominent business men of Des Moines, and Francis Power and E. B. Cochran 
of St. Charles. The first officers were : President, J. G. Olmsted ; vice president, 
Francis Power; cashier, W. A. Tris; assistant cashier, N. J. Tris. In 1913, 

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Johnston Block, built in 1900. Masonic Hall and office of the Drs. Sayre above; J. F. 
Johnston's bank and Switzer & Anderson's general store below 

Rebuilt in 1912 

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after nine yelars of continued growth, larger quarters became necessary, and a 
fine bank buf Iding was erected on the comer, which in its complete accommo- 
dations will /make a suitable home for many years. Thirty stockholders repre- 
senting a wiealth of perhaps two million dollars are at present connected with 
and behind I this bank. Its present officials are : Francis Power, president ; 
A. R. Dowips, vice president; W. A. Tris, cashier; and W. D. Downs, assistant 

J. F. Johnston's Bank began business in June, 1901, with a capital of $20,000, 
with the f/ollowing officers: President and sole owner, J. F. Johnston; vice 
president, iW. A. Barnes; cashier, Henry Hayden; bookkeeper, Carrie E. 
Johnston. \ Later the capital was increased to $30,000, and in 1905 to $50,000. 
In August,! 1905, Mr. Hayden died and soon after Herman A. Mueller became 
cashier, anil Carrie E. Guilliams assistant cashier. The officers in 1909 were: 
President, T. F. Johnston; vice president, Carrie E. Guilliams; cashier, H. A. 
Mueller; assistant cashier, C. C. Guilliams. In April, 1913, H. A. Mueller quit 
the employ iof the bank after eight years of faithful service, and C. C Guilliams 
became cashier. The bank has grown rapidly in the past ten years and is one 
of the leading private financial institutions of the county. 


After St. Charles was platted in 1852, and until 1889, the town was a 
subdistrict of the school district of South Township, being subdistrict No. 3 
when first organized (see early schools of South Township), and later it was 
changed to No. 6. The first structure was a one-room building, erected about 
1858, which was replaced by a two-story building of two rooms in 1877. The 
first building was mpved on the north side of Main Street and is now used by 
W. B. Snider for a general store. In 1886 another two-story building was added, 
making four rooms and a high school was organized, with Jackson T. Rhyno as 
the first principal. He served two years and George M. Langeteig followed 
in 1888. In 1889 St. Charges was made an independent district and since that 
time the following named have served as principals: J. D. Phillips, 1889-90; 
J. H. Schroeder, 1891 ; L. J. Little, 1892-7; J. W. Radebaugh, 1897-8; J. W. 
Miller, 1899-1903; A. H. Anton, 1904 to fall of 1906; Fred B. Tyler, 1907; E. 
G. Lockhardt, 1908-9; Frank E. Moore, 191 o; Ray Edmondson, 191 1; Merton 
Crowl, 1912; J. H. Denius, 1913-4. 

A two-story brick building, consisting of eight rooms and basement, was 
erected in 191 1-2, at a cost of $15,000. St. Charles can boast of as good a school 
as any town of its size in the State of Iowa. 

The first officials of the St. Charles independent school district were: J. M. 
Browne, president; R. D. Minard, secretary; David Downs, director; C. F. 
Wood, treasurer. R. D. Minard has held the position of secretary to the present 
time. The high school has an excellent four-year course and to date (191 5) 
has graduated 150 students, 74 boys and 76 girls, the first class being graduated 
in 1893. 


The early records of this society state that "about 1852 a number of families 
came to the county who were members of the Associate and Associate Reformed 

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Presbyterian churches. The first of these was Oliver Crawford, { who in 1852 
settled in Crawford Township on the farm still known by his name.i J. G. Free- 
bom, Anderson McLees, Robert Gamble and William Kenedy cameV to the same 
neighborhood soon after. These persons soon organized a societW for social 
worship and catechetical instruction on the Sabbath to supply the place of 
preaching. About this time Joseph Henderson, John and Robert ibaird and a 
few others who had located near St. Charles united with those a^ove named 
in an effort to secure preaching, at least occasionally. The first nlinister was 
the Reverend Mr. Tindsay, of the Associate Church; then came the \ Rev. John 
W. McClain, of the same denomination. On the 19th of February, 1055, an As- 
sociate Reformed Church was organized by the Rev. James Greene at the home 
of J. G. Freeborn with a membership of seventeen." 

From the old session records which have been preserved since i£f55 the fol- 
lowing list of charter members of the Clanton congregation of the Associate 
Reformed Presbyterian Church when organized, February 19, 1855/, is found: 
Oliver Crawford, James G. Freeborn, George Piper, Robert C. Bair4, Margaret 
Gamble, John W. Baird, Joseph Henderson, John Wilkins, Lucind^ei Crawford, 
Martha Freeborn, Anderson McLees, Robert Gamble, Sarah Ga/nble, Nancy 
Baird, Margaret Henderson, Mrs. Wilkins. Robert Gamble and Jciin W. Baird 
were elected ruling elders and James Greene, moderator. 

From 18.S7 to 1862 this congregation sat under the preaching of different 
ministers, among others, the Rev. James Miller and Reverend Mr/ Vance. Little 
can be discovered of the congregational history from 1862 to TB67, except that 
the congregation existed at that time as a United Presbyterian (church, the legiti- 
mate result of the union of 1858. Perhaps the war had muchy to do with the in- 
completeness of the session records at that time. ^^ 

In 1867 the session was moderated by the Rev. Andrew. McCartney. During 
this year four members were received from the Old School Presbyterian Church. 
May I, 1868, there were forty-one members. In 1868 and 1869 the session was 
moderated by the Rev. A. J. McCartney and Doctor McCaughan. The present 
house of worship was built in 1868. On May i, 1870, there were fifty-six 

Rev. A. J. Graham was the first pastor of the congregation. His pastorate 
began in 1870 and continued about three years. In 1874 Rev. G. P. Raitt began 
his pastorate, which continued ten years. Rev. J. C. White acted as moderator 
in 1884 and 1885. In 1886 Rev. Wilson R. Baldridge was called to the pastorate. 
His pastorate lasted until 1893. From 1893 to 1905 'there was no settled pastor. 
Rev. M. R. Cochran was stated supply from 1895 ^^ 1898, and Rev. Leonard 
Proudfit was stated supply from 1899 to 1904. February i, 1905, W. F. Graham 
assumed the pastoral duties and was installed on the 20th of June following. 
After a pastorate of about four years Reverend Graham resigned to take up 
work elsewhere, and for some time afterward the congregation was served by 
occasional supplies. Then for two years Rev. M. M. Milford held services on 
alternate Sabbaths. Later Rev. I. C. Rankin served as stated supply for about 
two years, and in July, 1914, Rev. H. J. Bell took charge of the congregation 
as stated supply. The present membership is about seventy-five. 

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Formerly the old Methodist Church, erected in 1874. Property of the St. Charles Park and 

Improvement Association 

T. I. Killam and J. S. Huftv residences 

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The church was organized in the spring of 1857 by Reverend Short, of 
Winterset, Iowa. Meetings were held in the schoolhouse or in the homes of 
the members until about 1870 when a church building, under the pastorate of 
Rev. J. P. Roach, was built on the lots still occupied by the present church 
building. Meetings were held about every other Sunday for many years until 
Reverend Roach came, who was a resident pastor and did much for the church. 
The first building was blown down by a hurricane some few years after its 
erection, so until the present church was built about 1890, services were held 
in the homes or in some empty store building. Services were also held in the 
building vacated by the Methodists and owned by the Old Style Presbyterians. 
Reverend Carpenter, later chancellor of Drake University, preached several years 
during its early existence. Some of the charter members and families be- 
longing at that time are as follows: Isaac Clanton, Joel M. Clanton, George 
Smith, William Adams, Milton Thompson, Mr. Lympus, George Hartman, 
Mrs. David Downs, Wesley Stiffler, who was killed in the Civil war, John Mc- 
Ginnis, Sr., and four sons and a daughter, all of whom had families; Samuel 
Fife and others. For many years the pastors have been students from Drake 
University, and at present Rev. Herman Olmstead is serving the charge every 
Sunday. The church is in a flourishing condition with about one hundred 


Mr. Adam Stiffler, of Norwalk, Iowa, while here last fall (1914) related 
that he came to St. Charles in 1856 and operated a blacksmith shop. The shop 
standing on lot 6 northwest section, where W. H. Black's house stands. Mr. 
Stiffler said that he did not belong to church at that time, and there was no 
Methodist class in town. In 1858 Reverend Murphy held a revival meeting in the 
new house of William Bradshaw, now owned by Eliza McLaughHn, and at these 
meetings Mr. Stiffler was converted. A class was organized with Mr. D. S. 
Smith leader; he soon after leaving, Mr. Stiffler was chosen class leader, remain- 
ing thus until 1868 when he moved to Norwalk, Iowa. St. Charles was first 
put into the New Virginia circuit ; R. S. Robinson, presiding elder, and John W. 
Anderson was the pastor. Mr. Stiffler had built a shop on lot 6, northwest 
section, and Mr. Milton Thompson had built a log store on the east part of 
that lot 6, and in this store Mr. Stiffler and family lived, and in this home for the 
first two years the meetings were held. As the circuit was large, there was 
preaching about every third Sunday. Later Mr. Milton Thompson had built 
a frame store building on lot 3, southeast section, where the blacksmith and 
garage of P. S. Wise is located. About the year i860 Mr. Thompson sold this 
building to the Methodist Episcopal Class for a church and went to the east 
part of the state. In this building which was transformed into a meeting 
house, church was held until 1874 when they sold the building to the Old Style 
Presbyterians and built a church on lots 3 and 4, northwest section. The lots 
and building are now owned by the St. Charles Park Association. In the year 
1905, under the charge of Rev. M. J. Rarick, the present church was built at a 
cost of about five thousand dollars. 

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The pastors who have served the St. Charles Church since its organization 
are as follows: John W. Anderson, 1858-59; Enoch Wood, i860; Sam Jones, 
1861-62; J. Knotts, 1863-64; John Hestwood, 1865-66; Michael Sheets, 1867; 
transferred to Winterset Circuit, 1868 — with John Hestwood, 1868-69; William 
Abraham, 1870; Israel Mershon, 1871-72; Frank A. Goodrich, 1873; James S. 
Morrow, 1874; Arthur Badley, 1875; supplied by John Branston, 1876; Arthur 
Badley, 1877-78; Benjamin Brownfield Kennedy, 1879; Charles W. Stuart, 1880; 
Benjamin F. Shetterly, 1881 ; Adam Kern, 1882; George W. Patterson, 1883- 
84; supplied by Alpheus Hunt, who held a wonderful revival, 1885; Benj. F. 
Shetterly, first quarter, got into trouble; W. Capps Smith supplied, 1886; Francis 
Plumb, 1887; Simon W. Lauck, 1888; supplied by W. W. Williams, 1889-90-91- 
92-93; Frank W. Ewan, 1894-95-96; Andrew Hancox, 1897-98-99; George W. 
Palmer, 1900-01 ; William Christie Smith, 1902 ; Monroe J; Rarick, 1903-04-05 ; 
William Mercer, 1906-07; Augustine W. Armstrong, 1908; Albert Edward 
George, 1909-10; John A. Evans Cunningham, 191 1 ; supplied by W. W. Williams, 
1912-13; W. A. Piper, 1914. 

The present membership is about two hundred. Hanley is connected with St. 
Charles and has services on Sunday afternoons. 


The above association was organized July, 1905, and incorporated in August, 
1905, by the following incorporators: Henry Imes, J. N. Smith, D. B. Sankey, 
G. L. Archer, Johnston & Stayton, L. W. Lynch, S. N. Sayre, P. S. Wise, S. S. 
Morgan, T. I. Killam, Dr. T. Roberts, Francis Power, Geo. A. Zimbelman, 
J. F. Johnston, E. E. Williams, H. A. Mueller, Henry Hayden, S. S. Switzer, 
H. P. Anderson, E. K. Anderson, J. L. Fleming, James McCloskey, O. M. Horton 
and Collins & Sloan. The purpose of the organization was to buy the old M. 
E. Church lots in order to preserve the grove in which old settlers and other 
meetings of a public nature might be held. Also to have a hall for public meetings 
and entertainments. The first officers chosen, who served during 1905, were as 
follows: President, S. N. Sayre; vice president, S. S. Switzer; secretary, Henry 
Hayden; treasurer, J. F. Johnston; diectors, H. P. Anderson, L. A. Collins, J. 
N. Smith,' F. Power and E. E. Williams. President, 1906: S. N. Sayre; Dr. T. 
Roberts served as president, 1907-08-09-10-11 ; W. A. Tris, 1912-13; J. L. 
Stayton, 1914; O. M. Horton, 191 5. Secretary Henry Hayden died Aug., 1905; 
H. A. Mueller was chosen to fill the vacancy and held the position from that time 
to date. J. F. Johnston has been treasurer since organization. Directors for 
191 5 are: H. P. Anderson, E. E. Williams, C. C. Guilliams, J. L. Stayton, and 
J. N. Smith. H. A. Mueller, secretary; vice president, T. I. Killam. 


The first records of the society were lost, but as near as it can be recalled by 
Lewis Allen and others, the first *^01d Settlers" meeting was held in the Joel 
Clanton grove, just west of the Joel Clanton homestead, about the year of 
August, 1885. It was mostly through the energy and persuasion of Dr. William 
Anderson, a pioneer physician, that the first meeting was held, and the associa- 

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tion organized. The first officers chosen were : President, John Byars ; secretary, 
Dr. William Anderson; John Hartman and Lewis Allen, finance committee. 
Annual reunions have been held since that time and with one or two exceptions, 
when it was held at Patterson, the meetings have been held in the vicinity or 
within the Town of St. Charles, where the society was organized. Reunions 
are usually held during the month of August. Many look forward to this day 
as a day of meeting old friends and neighbors, and there congregate annually 
in the grove north of the Opera House, now owned by the Park Association, 
from one to three thousand people. Those who have been chosen president 
since 1902 are as follows: C. W. Faust, Dr. f. Roberts, Lewis Kimer, R. D. 
Minard, H. P. Anderson, Jas. A. Rhyno, W. F. Law and Dr. J. W. Bishop. 
Secretaries: M. I. Bean, C. W. Minard and E. K. Anderson. Officers for 191 5 
are as follows: President: James McCloskey; ist vice president, Samuel Lee; 
2nd vice president, Lewis Allen; secretary, Dr. E. K. Anderson; treasurer, J. 
F. Johnston ; chaplain, Rev. W. W. Williams ; executive committee, H. A. Muel- 
ler, C. C. Guilliams and J. L. Stayton. 


John Miller Post, No. 158, Grand Army of the Republic, was organized at 
St. Charles and received its charter March 30, 1883. The name assumed for 
the society was that of a young hero, John Miller, whose home was on the 
north side of town near the railroad. He was orderly sergeant of Company H, 
Twenty-third Iowa Infantry, and gave up his life for his country at Black River 
Bridge, in one of the southern states. Sergeant Miller's body was brought home 
and given the funeral rites of a brave soldier. This was the first burial of 
a war hero at St. Charles. 

The names of the organizing members of Miller Post follow: George W. 
Armstrong, J. Mc. Armstrong, M. I. Bean, Edward Bell, William B. Hodges, 
Lewis Kimer, S. A. Lyon, Samuel P. Reed, Thomas Roberts, James H. Stiffler, 
Silas Sheeley, John Skinner, E. C. Shigley, G. W. Smith, Jefferson Wheat, Wil- 
lia^n Wallace, Thomas Wilson, James Waddell, Nathaniel Winship, James Young. 
The first officers were : M. I. Bean, P. C. ; Lewis Kimer, S. V. C. ; Jefferson 
Wheat, J. V. C. ; William B. Hodges, adjt. ; Thomas Roberts, Q. M.; James 
H. Stiffler, surgeon ; S. P. Reed, chaplain ; E. Faust, O. D. ; John Lathrum, O. G. ; 
George W. Armstrong, S. M. ; P. V. Carpenter, Q. M. S. 

Post comamnders from the organization to the present time: M. I. Bean, 
S. S. King, Daniel Matson, W. B. Hodges, J. M. Brown, James H. Stiffler, S. R. 
Leonard, Thomas Roberts, S. W. Lee, A. O. Scott, J. M. Brown, M. I. Bean, 
Adam Siedel, J. W. Carman, O. M. Horton, William Harding, Fred Johnston, 
J. W. Carman, W. L. Allen, Fred Johnston. 

John Miller Woman's Relief Corps, No. 242, was instituted January 14, 
1892. The charter members were: Mrs. Jennie Browne, Persis Smith, Emily 
Stiffler, Anna C. Anderson, Sarah E. Leonard, Carrie M. Martin, Anna Hodges, 
Florence Jeffries, Margaret Horton, Grace Roberts, Casander Burger, Eliza 
Hoff, Hannah Woods, R. Jane Stiffler, Margaret Armstrong, Elizabeth E. Mack, 
Catharine Bean, Florence Wood, Elinor Lee, Etta J. Armstrong, Catharine W. 
Minard, Louisa Johnston, Hattie Lawhead, Addie Carman, Barbara Foster and 
Isabell Faust. 

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MODEL LODGE, NO. 315, A. F. & A. M. 

Model Lodge, No. 315, A. F. & A. M. was organized and sent in its application 
for a dispensation March 25, 1872. The application was signed by W. H. Hol- 
linshed and R. D. Minard. W. H. Hollinshed was recommended for master, 
William Anderson, senior warden, and E. Frank, junior warden. Besides these 
the application was signed by George lA, Cheek, Elijah Kinnaird, W. E. Mack, 
Allen Lawhead, Sr., H. G. Phillips, Samuel Wallace and J. A. Myers. 

The application was granted and dispensation issued April 8, 1872. The 
new lodge held its first meeting on April 16, when the following officers were 
appointed: R. D. Minard, secretary; W. E. Mack, treasurer; S. M. Wallace, 
S. D. ; G. A. Myers, J. D. ; G. H.^ Cheek, tyler. 

The first lodge hall was on the comer west from Johnston's Bank, where 
it remained until the lodge built the second story of a frame business building. 
Here it remained until the property was destroyed by fire in 1898. After the 
fire a hall was rented and occupied over the comer drug store until the Johnston 
Bank Building was erected, when the lodge built and fumished the second 
story, in 1900. 

Model Chapter Order Eastern Star was formed at a meeting held in Ma- 
sonic Hall, in January, 1895, ^^ which time a petition for a dispensation was 
signed by Mrs. L. C. Hartman, Mrs. Sarah E. Leonard, Mrs. Maggie Horton, 
Mrs. Lida Johnston, Mrs. Susanna C. Bell, Mrs. Rebecca A. Minard, Mrs. 
Jennie J. Switzer, O. M. Horton, S. R. Leonard, J. F. Johnston, John Hartman, 
E. P. Bell, Sr., L. C. Minard, S. S. Switzer, H. C. Minard and R. D. Minard. 
The following officers were elected : Mrs. Susanna C. Bell, W. M. ; R. D. Minard, 
W. P. ; Mrs. Sarah E. Leonard, A. M. ; Mrs. Rebecca A. Minard, secretary ; Mrs. 
Jennie Switzer, treasurer. 

January 15, 1894, dispensation was granted, and on Febmary 25, 1895, Model 
Chapter received its charter. The charter officials were as follows: R. D. 
Minard, W. P. ; Susanna C. Bell, W. M. ; Sarah Leonard, A. M. ; H. C. Minard, 
secretary-treasurer; Maggie Horton, cond. ; Rebecca A. Minard, A. C. ; Louisa 
Johnston, Adah; Jennie Switzer, Ruth; Lura Sayre, Esther; A. M. Horton, 
warder; E. P. Bell, S. 

St. Charles Lodge, No. 416, L O. O. F., was organized in St. Charles and 
a charter granted in October, 1880. The charter members were: C. W. Thomp- 
son, Dr. Thomas Roberts, H. Burger, T. F. Hoff and C. W. Hale. 

The Odd Fellows first met in the Masonic Hall, where the St. Charles Sav- 
ings Bank stands. This building burned in 1898. A hall was then purchased over 
the Jennings drug store, which burned December 23, 191 1. In the following 
year the order built a new brick hall on the same site. The lodge is in a flourish- 
ing condition. 

Madison Encampment, No. 146, L O. O. F., was granted a charter in October, 
1903. The charter members were: George W. Hubbell, Dr. E. K. Anderson, 
O. M. Horton, J. G. Carter and George Mackrill. 

Rebekah Lodge, No. 469, at St. Charles, was instituted* in October, 1899, 
with twenty-eight charter members. 

Camp No. 2890, Modem Woodmen of America received its charter April 
13, 1895, and had the following members at that time: John W. Baker, W. A. 

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Erected about 1890 

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Built in 1868 

Erected in 1905 

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Barnes, E. Bell, M. W. Browne, J. L. Davey, H. L. Martin, J. G. Martin, R. W. 
Martin, J. E. Montgomery, L. M. Ralston, George B. M. Robinette, S. N. Sayre. 
The first officials were: William A. Barnes, consul; J. G. Martin, clerk; L. M. 
Ralston, banker. 

St. Charles Homestead, No. 200, Brotherhood of American Yeomen, was in- 
stituted December 15, 1898, with the following officers: H. F., G. L. Archer; 
M. of C, W. F. Lurr; M. of A., G. W. Armstrong; W. P., Dr. S. N. Sayre; C, 
J. N. Smith; O., H. L. Martin; W., W. O. Phillips; S., G. B. Chadd; G., U. F. 
Templeton; L. W.*, Mrs. Lura Sayre; L. R., Mrs. Mary F. Law; organist, Mrs. 
Hattie Archer. 


David and Amos Fife, being my elder brothers, and myself left our homes 
in the State of Ohio, September 2, 1849, coming by steamer down the Ohio and 
up the Mississippi to Keokuk, where we worked until December ist. David and 
I then started afoot to Madison County, shipping our belongings by freight team 
to Des Moines. At length we arrived at Des Moines and the next day, about 
4 P. M., arrived at Thomas Cason's, hungry and tired. Mrs. Cason gave us 
our fill of com bread and buttermilk and it was the best meal I ever ate, so it 
seemed. We pushed on to Isaac Smith's, where Amos Fife later lived, and 
stayed all (Saturday) night. The log house was 16 by 24 feet, and with their 
six or seven children, the Smiths slept in one room. They had good beds. The 
bedsteads were fastened to the walls. 

Next day we went to church at George Smith's, the first house west of 
Isaac Smith's. Thomas Cason (New Light clergyman) preached. 

David Fife "took a claim" and we built a shanty on the north side of Clanton, 
which was later owned by R. M. Young, where we both lived all winter, working 
at making rails. 

Thomas Cason came here in 1847 and bought out Hiram Hurst. He was a 
very enthusiastic Christian and soon was holding regular religious services at 
his home, at George Smith's and sometimes at other homes until the Clanton 
schoolhouse was built in the fall of 1850. In those days ministers did not preach 
for the money there was in it but for the good they might do. The families 
composing his congregation or church were: Thomas Cason (eight or nine of 
them), Jacob Kincannon and family, George Smith and family, Isaac Clanton 
and family, Rachel Clanton, William Hale and family and David Bishop and 

The settlers here when I came were : Joel M. Clanton, Isaac Clanton, Charles 
Clanton, Caleb Clark, Isaac Smith, George Smith, David Simmerman, Nathan 
Viney (on later Queen place), Norval S. Allcock, William Allcock, Pleasant 
Rollins (1847), David Worley, David Bishop, Bud Whited, Doc. Whited, James 
Fidler, William Hale, William Nunn (single man) and William Stagerwalt. 

During the winter of 1850-51 there was a religious revival and William Nunn 
was immersed in Clanton Creek. Thomas Wilkinson at the time suggested that 
the minister had better put him under again, as it was current gossip that he 
was too intimate with a certain neighbor's wife. During that spring, while 
William Hale was away all day splitting rails near (now) Hanley, William Nunn 
and Mrs. Hale loaded up everything, even $100 in gold and Hale's land warrant. 

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and left for Missouri. Hale found his house and premises stripped of contents 
when he returned home that evening. Next day, being April election at Viney's 
(west of Queen's), Hale asked for help to pursue the parties and recover his 
wife and property. No one would go, so he walked to Marion County, where 
he got a wagon and team, then took after the miserable couple, and overhauled 
them in Missouri. He brought Nunn back, turned him over to the county author- 
ities, who held him at Winterset for trial, but no one appearing against him he 
was released. Hale took his family, before court convened, to near Council 
Bluffs and the next heard of him was early in the fall of 1854, when I met him 
on Cox's hill, between Winterset and Middle River. He and his father were 
on horseback going east. 

I have omitted Hiram Hurst since he first settled in now Crawford Township, 
on what later became known as Cason place. This claim he sold to Thomas 
Cason in 1847. Later he lived on the old Say re place, on sections 20 and 29, 
South Township, east of Elm Grove church. I worked for him on May 7, 1851, 
and hauled rails to his Scott Township farm. Some of the early settlers tried 
to make out that Hurst was a criminal; that he had stolen hogs in Missouri. 
Others said he had burned a building and had to leave Missouri. My under- 
standing was that he got into an altercation with a man in Missouri and nearly 
killed him. While here he was a very quiet man, had good judgment and was 
of a fine family. His family here was composed of a wife and four little boys. 
I have worked for him several times and have always found him a gentleman 
and his wife a perfect lady. He sold out and went to Nebraska. 

Norval S. Allcock came to Madison County in 1847, became quite a noted 
man in those early days and prominent in the early history of this community. 
He took part in politics, being a member of the second County Commissioners' 
Court. He was very prominent as a Methodist exhorter and class leader. Mr. 
Allcock bought his claim of Gifford Lee, where Hanley was laid out, and lived 
there until the fall of 1851, when he sold to Abraham Black and moved to the 
Hurst place, east of Elm Grove. Allcock's home was often used for church 
services and revivals. It always was the home of the circuit rider. When 
ninety years old Mr. Allcock walked two miles to church, and was highly com- 
plimented by Reverend Wickersham for his zeal and great services in the cause 
of Methodism in South Township. A monument should be erected to his memory. 
Elm Grove Church was the direct result of his early meetings. 

The three Clanton brothers and Caleb Clark were the first settlers of South 
Township. They left Buchanan County, Missouri, in April, 1846, bound for 
Fort Des Moines, following the dragoon track that extended from Fort Des 
Moines to Fort Leavenworth. It was then well beaten. Clantons and Clark 
went to Fort Des Moines and not being pleased with the land over there, turned 
back, bearing southwest, recrossing North River at Linn Grove, and on the divide 
went into camp. From there the men of the party went out prospecting for 
claims, going southwesterly, crossed the county line of Warren and Madison 
into Crawford Township. They crossed Middle River near Hurst's claim and 
seeing a cabin went to it and found Hurst asleep. At first he was frightened 
but soon learned the object of his visitors and gave them much assistance in 
locating their claims on what was afterwards known as Clanton's Grove. They 
staked their claims May 3, 1846. 

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Came to South Township, Mad it on 
County, in 1849. Married Lucy Ann 
Smith in ]8ol. Was a veteran of 
the Mexican war, having^ enlisted in 
an Ohio regiment. Died in St. 
Charles, April 28, 1908. His widbw 
died March 15, 1915, at her home 
in St. Charles. 


Came to Madison County in 1849. 
Member of Company F, Thirty-ninth 
Iowa Infantry. Is still living in St. 
Cliarles, Iowa. 


Came to America in 1851 and to 
Madison County in 1852. Was the 
first German to come to Madison 
County and the first of a German 
settlement in Jefferson Township. 
Died May 6, 1910. 

* See history of German settlement. 


Served Madison County as super- 
intendent of schools for thirteen 
years in three different periods, 
being elected the first time in 1861. 
Also taught school in Madison County 
for over a quarter of a century and 
was more directly and for a lonjrer 
time identified with the schools of 
the county than any other person. 
He diet I a few years ago in Winterset. 

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•'^ .-. . . '.'■ " 

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In the spring of 1850 many settlers came to South Township. J. C. Johnston 
and son J. M. located south of Jeff Rhyno's place, across Oanton. J. M. Johnston 
lived east of the creek. 

Jeff Rhyno came in 1850 and William Rhyno settled near Peru. Hogan 
Queen's father settled here in 1850, buying out Nathan Viney, who had settled 
there in 1848. 

Jesse Young came in 1849. He first lived where Caleb Clark lived and 
built a log house where George J. Carter now lives — one of the original owners 
of St. Charles. 

In 1850 Georgfe Hartman and David Downs came from Hendricks County, 
Indiana. Hartman bought the land owned by Caleb Clark and occupied the 
previous year by Jesse Young. Downs lived in the same yard for four years. 

Hartman was well to do. He brought his money in a chest 18 by 10 by 10 
inches — hooped strongly with iron bands, and hauled it out with him in the 
family wagon. The chest contained $4,000, all in silver. He first opened it at 
Indianola. Hartman was an honest, charitable man and feared no robbery of 
his money. Hartman and Downs hired the writer to drive an ox team to and 
from Burlington in August, 1851, to haul the irons for the first sawmill to be 
erected in South Township. George Hartman went along. We were gone twenty 
days and we labored all that fall and winter in putting up the mill. In December, 
Stephen Divilbliss, of Adel, was hired as millwright. He brought five men along 
to do the framing and build the mill wheel, but did not finish his work until 
1852. The mill began operations as soon as there was a sufficient water supply 
that fall. The mill and dam were well built and cost heavily. The dam was 
frame and all the lumber was hauled from Compton's, south of Winterset. 
Hartman and Downs ran the mill until about 1862 or 1863 and then sold to Dr. 
Anderson, who at once rebuilt it. 

I worked for Joel Clanton from a period in 1850 to August, 1851, and then 
lived with Hartman until August, 1855. 

A town was laid out before St. Charles, about one-fourth of a mile northeast 
of that place, on sections 24 -75-26. It was named Fairview. Samuel 
Comstock laid it out in the fall of 1850 and put up a store building out of logs 
16 by 24 feet. Simmons Rutty was the surveyor. Comstock went to Oskaloosa 
that fall and laid in a stock of goods and stored them at Joel Clanton's until 
his building was ready. The goods were sold at Clanton's and I was clerk during 
that time. Comstock had bought the goods on time and as he never finished 
his store room, the next spring his creditors took the goods back to Oskaloosa 
and the history of the Town of Fairview was ended. Comstock had entered 
a lot of land through Henn-Williams & Company, of Fairfield. Unable to meet 
the payments, he lost everything. Hartman bought the land of Henn-Williams 
& Company and St. Charles succeeded as a trading point. It was located a little 

The first settler in St. Charles was John Byers. He bought the unfinished 
home vacated by Comstock in Fairview and moved it on lot 7 in St. Charles. 
The lot was given hin^ as a premium for being the* first man to settle in the 
town. This was in the fall of 1852. 

Milton R. Thompson put in the first stock of goods in the spring of 1853 
and ran a general store. One Allison in the fall of 1853 put in the second store. 

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Before this, trading was done at Winterset, Indianola or Des Moines. In 1855 
Allison sold his store, which was in a log buijding on lot i, to J. M. Browne and 
William McCreery. 

The third store — a log house — was built on lot 5, where the Johnston Bank 
now stands, by a Mr. Burnsides in the fall of 1854, and a short time later he 
traded the store to David Fife, who in 1855 moved the stock to Afton, putting 
up the first store in that new town. J. M. Browne was the manager of this 
store until 1875 ^^ later. 

At the April election of 1852 David Dbwns was elected justice of the peace 
of South Township, and Samuel Fife, constable. William H. Compton had been 
justice of the peace before Downs, but his constable was Harbert in (now) Scott 

The first marriage solemnized in St. Charles was in February, 1854. A Mr. 
Simmons was married to Miss Marshall, a sister-in-law of Milton R. Thompson, 
at whose house the wedding occurred. Justice David Fife performed the cere- 
mony. I was one of the guests and thus witnessed the first marriage in the Town 
of St. Charles. Simmons came here from near Burlington to secure his bride 
and both returned to his home the next day after the ceremony by wagon. 
No record of this marriage appears in Madison County. 

In the spring of 1853 ^^e first bridge for wagons^was built across the Clanton, 
a few rods below the Hartman sawmill. During this spring thousands of emi- 
grants passed through this part of the county to California. The east and west 
roads were lined with teams. On this occasion the Clanton was not fordable 
and hundreds of teams had collected on the bottom waiting to cross. A genius 
among their number, seing piles of slabs around the mill, planned and built 
a temporary bridge. Trees of proper length were cut for stringers and hauled 
to the banks of the stream. One end of the log was thrown into the water and 
floated to its place. Then men and teams swam across and the other end was 
placed in position. Slabs, loaned by Hartman, were laid on the stringers loosely, 
and all crossed over safely. A half day was spent in constructing this crude 
bridge but it answered the purpose and was used some time, or until the next 

The exodus to California began here in 1849 and reached its maximum in 
1850, but lasted several years. The early travelers followed up the divide south 
of Winterset, without crossing Middle River at all. 

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At the sitting of the Commissioners' Court, on January 9, 1849, Union Town- 
ship, the first to be named in the county, was created and its boundaries de- 
scribed. The place provided by the commissioners for holding the first election 
was at the home of Leonard Bowman. Union is bounded on the north by Jef- 
ferson, on the west and east by Douglas and Crawford, respectively, and on the 
south by Scott. 

This township has many natural advantages. The surface is divided in 
about the proper proportion between rich prairie and heavy timber land and 
was originally dotted with handsome groves. The North River zigzags across 
the northern tier of sections, with the exception of section i, and the Middle 
River, in its sinuous way, touches the southeast comer of the township, and 
with tributaries of North River, such as Cedar Creek, furnishes abundant water 
and drainage. There is a good supply of stone and the Des Moines and Winterset 
branch of the Rock Island Railroad traverses its southern sections. The east 
corporation line of Winterset, or Center Township, occupies part of the west 
half of section 31, or in other words, the southwest comer of the township. 

Union Township attracted to its confines the Guye family, consisting of 
Samuel, his sons, James, George, Frank and Houston, and daughters Mary, 
Elizabeth, Angeline and Maria. These people had come to the county on the 
evening of April 28, 1846, with the Clantons, all being from Buchanan County, 
Missouri. On the 3d day of May, they staked out claims on section 7, on the 
south bank of North River. This family became closely associated with the 
early history of the county, and George Guye, who lived on the old homestead 
for over fifty years, is now and has been for several years past a resident of 

Lemuel Thombrugh was a native of Missouri and migrated to Madison 
County in May, 1846, settling in the Guye neighborhood, where he built a cabin 
on land later owned by William Gentry and still later by George Homback. 
Thornbrugh returned to Missouri in the fall of that year and brought back 
with him his family. The Thombmghs all lived on LemueFs claim on the Cedar 
until the fall of 1849, when Lemuel sold out and moved away. James left the 
Cedar in the spring of 1847 ^"d went south on Middle River. Here he took 
up another claim on the south side of the river in the timber, where he grubbed 
a patch of land and with one yoke of oxen put out a small crop. He built a 
cabin, which was burned down in May, 1861. 

James Fidler, with his wife and unmarried children, also came in September, 
1846, with Thornbrughs, James Thornbrugh being his son-in-law, with whom 
Fidler lived until his death a month later. He had taken a claim and built a 


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cabin in the edge of the timber on section 29. His was the first death in Union 

Vincent Brown left his home in Buchanan County, Missouri, in 1847, ^^^ 
with his family settled on section 12. His brother Hezekiah and another brother, 
James, and his family, came to Madison County about the same time. James 
settled in Jefferson Township, while Hezekiah made his home at the above 
place, but went to Kansas a short time before the war. 

John R. Beedle immigrated from Northwestern Missouri to Madison County 
in June, 1846, and settled a quarter of a mile northwest of the present Green- 
wood schoolhouse in this township, on section 4. That fall he moved to the 
northeast quarter of the northwest quarter of section 11, and lived there until 
his death several years ago. 

Philip M. Boyles came to the county in the summer of 1846 and located in 
Union Township. His first habitation was a structure built of poles, which were 
fastened together with wooden pins and covered with basswood bark. For the 
first few years he experienced all the trials and privations of a pioneer, at one 
time walking to Saylorville, in Polk County, where he worked for two weeks 
at fifty cents a day in order to procure money with which to buy seed com. 
He was too poor to own a horse. It is said that Mr. Boyles hauled the first 
merchandise brought to Winterset, bringing the goods from Keokuk for A. D. 
Jones. He was the first clerk of the County Commissioners' Court and took 
a very active part in the organization of the county. Mr. Boyles became quite 
a large landowner and for many years prior to his death was a resident of Win- 
terset, where he engaged in the live stock business. A son, M. Boyles, was bom 
on the Union Township farm in 1853. 

William Gentry, with his family, migrated from Indiana to Madison County 
in 1847, ^"d located on section 30. He was one of the three members of the 
first board of county commissioners. His sons, F. M. Gentry and W. W. Gentry, 
were of the family who came with him. 

John Butler and John Evans were settlers in the township as early as May 
10, 1846. A day or so later came Irvin Baum. 

Leonard Bowman was one of the settlers in this township of 1847, coming 
that year from De Kalb County, Missouri. Alfred Rice, of the same place, was 
also a settler of 1847. 

David Cracraft migrated from Buchanan County, Missouri, in 1847. He 
located on what is now known as the Withrow farm, and lies buried on the 
Brock way place. 

Major Farris was the first one of that name in the township, coming in 
the spring of 1849 with his wife, Minerva, and child, Sarah Jane. He began the 
improvement of what afterwards became his father's place on the Elm, the 
southwest quarter of section 11, but little of the land was broken that year. In 
March of the next spring, while sugar making north on the Beedle place, he 
took a severe cold and died of pneumonia. Dr. J. H. GaflF attended him. His 
was the first burial in the old Farris graveyard. 

About September i, 1849, Charles Farris, wife and daughter, Nancy Jane, 
arrived here and lived in a tent with the Beedles and Major Farris. He spent 
part of the early summer in improving a tract of ground, then put up a cabin. 
Charles helped build the Major Farris double hewed log house that stood on 

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Born in New Jersey in 1807 and mi- 
grated to Holmes County, Ohio. Served 
a term in the Ohio Legislature. Came 
to Polk County in 1848 and to Madison 
County in 1849. Was town lot agent 
for sale of lots in county seat, Winter- 
set, in 1849. Elected justice of the peace 
of Center Township February 23, 1850; 
school fund commissioner April 1, 1850; 
reelected in 1852. Elected Representa- 
tive for Madison County to the third 
General Assembly August 5, 1850 and 
again in 1858, serving in the third and 
seventh General Assemblies. Defeated 
for county .judge by Judge Pitzer in 
1855. W^as elected judge in 1859 serv- 
ing one term. Died in 1864. 

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» t^ 

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the place until in the '70s, In 1850 Charles bought the southwest forty on 
section i, where he built a cabin. 

In April, 1848, William Stinson and wife, Margaret, arrived in the township 
from Burlingtbn, Iowa, and lived with the John Evans family that summer, 
when he moved into a cabin which he built on the place later owned by Suydam. 
The next summer he removed to section 36, just west of Winterset, and in the 
fall of that year moved to what is now known as the Harris farm. He built 
a one-room frame shanty which was afterwards sold to Judge Pitzer. That 
same year he built a cabin on the Aquilla Smith place and farmed the land 
until the Civil war. This cabin stood on a spot on the knoll now occupied by 
Judge Lewis' shop. 

Joseph K. Evans and family and Hannah Smith, a sister of Mrs. Stinson, 
who afterwards married Samuel W. Poffinbarger, came here in 1848. He built 
his house near the 'ione elm" tree, which stood south of the Scydam place. 

When the Stinsons arrived here the Gentrys lived next 'west of John Evans. 
The next place east was that of the Boyles, then in their order the Butlers and 
the Thombrughs. 

John Evans raised a little com and cabbage, but no turnips in 1847. In 1848 
the Stinsons raised lots of onions and potatoes, including sweet potatoes, and 
had a big crop of garden truck. 

Those who came in 1847 were C. J. Casebier, P. Casebier, Joshua Casebier, 
William Harmon, M. Reeve, A. Hart and Claiborne Pitzer. There were also 
Alfred Q. and Henry Rice, Basil Pursel, James Brown, George Magnus, John 
B. Sturman. Charles Farris and the Guifcersons in 1848, also William Butler and 
the Staffords. 

Judge E. R. Guiberson came the year of 1848 and located a claim in Union 
Township. After Winterset had been decided upon as the county seat, he en- 
deavored to have Winterset discarded for the position and relocate the seat of 
government on the northwest quarter of section 37, and adjoining a quarter 
section of land he owned in that community. In this he was unsuccessful. He 
was one of the leaders among the men who built the superstructure of Madison 
County and later represented Madison in the State Legislature. Israel Guiberson 
was a lawyer and held the office of recorder, dying in an early day. Nathaniel 
removed from the old home in Holmes County, Ohio, in 1850, and located 
on section 17, and at the same time came W. B. Guiberson, who married Miss 
A. M. Pursel in 1866. 

William Sturman was a native of New Hampshire. He removed to Ohio in 
an early day and from there came to Madison County in 1849 ^^^ settled on 
section 9, this township, where he improved a farm and became a large land- 

J. S. McGinnis left Indiana in 1852 and that same year located in Union 
Township. He married Miss Melvina M. Tisdale in 1863. 

The Rubys came as early as 1852. Eli Cox in 1856. He entered 120 acres 
of land in section 5, which was the last entry made in the township. Mr. Cox 
erected a sawmill, which was kept busy for many years turning out lumber for 
the settlers. He was one of the large landowners of the township. 

Thomas Garlinger arrived in Crawford Township from Ohio in 1855. Moved 

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later to Union Township and accuriiulated several hundred acres of land. He 
was one of the most successful live stock dealers in the county. 

If one should attempt to give the history of Union Township in all its details, 
a goodly sized book would be the result. That means that the space required is 
greater than the scope of this work contemplates. The historical society estab- 
lished a few years ago, has gathered some little local data in a fragmentary 
manner, pertinent to the early history of the county, but the society, unfortunately, 
has been late in commencing operations. Most of the people who came on to 
the prairies and into the timber of the county in the '40s have either passed from 
earth or have gone to other parts of the country. Those remaining show the 
ravages of time, both physically and mentally, and but few there are who can 
be relied upon for a statement relative to events transpiring in the early days, 
so that if the reader becomes disappointed in not finding the names of certain 
families who early settled in the community, or the relation of an incident 
seemingly of importance, and a part of the history of this community, these 
things should be considered as attributable to the utter impossibility of securing 
the necessary facts. 

In Union Township, as in all new American communities, as soon as the 
necessary preliminaries of building habitations and garnering crops were con- 
summated, educational facilities were provided for the children, church organiza- 
tions were established and other things accomplished, to ease the burdens of life 
and seek the contentment that comfortable homes, well conducted schools, prop- 
erly maintained churches and general prosperity evolve. 


By A. J. Hoisington 

The first school in the township was erected during the fall of 1852, on the 
northeast acre of the northeast quarter of section 17, which was donated to the 
vicinity by Nathaniel W. Guiberson, who had entered that quarter from the 
Government in 1850. This log schoolhouse remained a few years, when a frame 
building was erected one mile south and a quarter of a mile east of the old one. 
Samuel Guye secured the contract for the construction of the building at $120 
in cash. He was a millwright by trade and handy with tools. The structure 
was 20 by 20 feet and most of the sawed stuflF was done at the old Pierson mill 
at Summerset, in Warren County. Rough one-inch oak boarding, six inches 
wide, was used for the floor, laid on smooth surfaced logs for sleepers. 
The ceiling was one-inch rough linn boards, ten inches wide; the rafters and 
sheeting were sawed out by James and George Guye with a whip saw. The 
shingles, which were of black walnut, were hand shaved and nailed on to the 
sheeting. The gable ends were weather boarded and nailed to split-out stud- 
ding, roughly evened on the outer side. A rough puncheon door hung by iron 
butt hinges was fastened by a thumb latch. It had no lock. There were six 
windows — three on the east and three on the west, each with twelve panes 
8 by 12-inch glass. Seats were made of rude puncheon, split-out boards, smoothed 
on top by a jack plane, supported by legs, of which one end was driven into 
two-inch holes, bored into the puncheons near each end. But few of the pupils 

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had desks the first few years. At the first term a carpenter named Joseph Thomp- 
son made a combined seat and desk, with a lid, and gave it to Emma and America 
Pursel, who used it between them. This seat and desk was envied far and 
near throughout the county. Thomas Sturman made seats and desks for each 
of his three sisters and himself. A fairly good teacher's table was furnished by 
the district. The room was more or less heated by a long box stove that was 
4 feet long, 2 feet wide and 2 feet high. It was built to hold a lot of 
wood. The stove stood in the middle of the room and the pipe went straight 
up through the roof. This big "wood eater" was a second-hand monster and 
had been used by William Compton in his grocery store at Winterset. 

The first term taught in this then **grand new schoolhouse" was by John 
Jordan, of Pella. He began his ministrations on the first Monday in December, 
1852, and continued the term twelve weeks. Basil Pursel was the school director. 
Succeeding terms were taught by the following persons: The summer of 1853 
by Jane Sturman; winter term of 1853-54, a Mr. Wright, summer term of the 
year, Phoebe Gordon ; winter term of 1854-55, John Bird ; summer term that year, 
Jane Tumey; winter term of 1855-56, a Mr. Lewis. 

Following is the complete enrollment of pupils attending the first term of 
1852-53 in the new schoolhouse: Thomas, Jane (married William Pursel), 
Harriet (married a Mr. Kelly), Sarah (married Frank McDaniel), children of the 
elder James Sturman; Eliza (married Alfred Brittain), Missouri (marffed Jack- 
son Jones), Dorinda (married James Henry Farris), Joel (died in i860), and 
John James (died in the army), children of William Sturman; Francis M., 
Samuel Houston, Mary (married Elzie Evans), Elizabeth (married Enos Mills), 
Angeline (married Henry Vanwy), Maria (married George Ludington), chil- 
dren of Samuel Guye; William, Absalom K., and Amenca M. (married William 
Guiberson), children of Basil Pursel; Frank, Irene (married Joseph Thompson), 
children of Henderson McDaniel; Reuben and Emeline (married Jacob Shell- 
hart), children of David Cracraft; William, son of Nathaniel W. Guiberson; 
Eliza (married Challen Danforth), Cecelia (married Daniel Brobst), children 
of John B. Sturman; George D., Martha (married S. S. Guiberson), and John 
Thompson, children of William Ratcliff, whose widow had married Samuel 
Guye; Martha, Lizzie and Bruce, children of Samuel Stover; Rebecca Ann, 
Matilda and Phoebe Allison, sisters of Mrs. Philip M. Boyles of southwestern 
Union Township. 

No very young pupils attended this school. At recess the larger ones 
indulged in a game called "snatch and catch 'em,'* which was similar to 'Mrop 
the handkerchief." Sometimes on extra cold days this game was played until 
long after the noon hour, school being called about in time to be ready for a 
respectable dismissal at 4 o'clock. Jump the rope was also a popular pastime 
and also "blind man's buff." Occasionally there was a spelling school at night. 
Missouri and Jane Sturman usually "kept the floor" the longest when "spelling 


By A. J. Hoisington 

Another educational institution of Union Township in the early days was 
the Guye schoolhouse, which was built at about the time or shortly after the 

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Guiberson schoolhouse. There was some trouble experienced in getting the 
district divided from the Guiberson district, for the reason that there was not 
enough money to build a schoolhouse. Thereupon Basil Pursel donated hewed 
timber (sills, comer posts and plates) for a building, George and James Guye, 
sleepers and joists; Samuel Guye, the studding, Richard Cooper, sheeting, Thomas 
Townsend and William, his son, some other lumber, and Samuel Hildebrant, 
Hampton Jones and Levi Smith also contributed building material, all of which 
was placed on the ground. The work of building was paid for out of public 

Before this house was built, a term of school was taught in a house vacated 
by Levi Smith that summer. The first teacher was Thomas Townsend who lived 
on the Casper place. The term was three months. When Townsend got his 
certificate from the county superintendent he invited that official to visit his 
school, assuring him he would show him a model institution. When the super- 
intendent arrived at the Guye schoolhouse, he found Townsend sitting in the 
middle of the room with a six foot gad in his hand, which he would wave 
through the air in one direction, pound it on the floor and then wave it in another 
direction, exclaiming at each stroke "mind your books," and other like ex- 
pressions. He was a "Hard Shell*' Baptist preacher and peculiar in his way, 
but the superintendent agreed with him that he kept order with his gad. The 
school official also learned that Townsend whipped at least one scholar a day; 
but he taught no more in that section of the county. Everybody agreed he kept 
order but wanted no more of his kind of teaching. 


By A. J. Hoisington 

James Fidler was the first man who died in Madison County. He was well 
along in life and had been an almost helpless invalid some eight years prior to 
his location in this township. His death had long been expected by the family 
to occur at any time. Fidler took a claim and had built a cabin in the edge of 
the timber on -section 9, up on the ridge west of Long Branch. He died early in 
October, 1846. There being no graveyard in the county, and one place being 
as good as another, naturally, he was buried on his own claim, a little north of 
his cabin in the woods. Later that fall a little child of David D. Henry's was 
scalded to death by tipping over a pot of water. The child's body was interred 
near Fidler's grave and this was the second burial there. Contemporaneous 
burials at this place were those of Jane, daughter of Chenoweth Casebier, aged 
about sixteen years; James Thombrugh, Eliza Tremble, little Sarah Crawford, 
Anderson Crawford, Sarah Pender, four years old, who was burned to death; 
Mrs. Mahala Simmons, wife of Henry Simmons, David Cracraft and one of his 
daughters, a child of Asa Mills and a child of Philip M. Boyles. 


By A. J. Hoisington 

Jacob Evans died June 5, 1870, in Union Township, at the age of seventy- 
three and was buried in Winterset cemetery. All the members of the very large 

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family, except one son, were in a room adjoining where the body lay. The 
men, while laying out the body of the deceased, attempted to keep the partition 
door closed, but as often as they closed it, some one would partly open it again 
from the adjoining room, and the men observed that some members of the 
family were closely watching them. This caused annoyance and somewhat pro- 
voked them. It was after dark when the body was prepared and placed to one 
side of the room. It was decided to remove the bed out of doors into an out- 
building. This caused a disturbance in the adjoining room and it could be seen 
that those occupying it were peeping through the partly opened door. After 
removing the bedroom doors those attending the body discovered an old trunk 
under the bed, and while the bedstead was being taken down one of th6m got 
hold of the trunk, but at that moment two grown-up sons of the deceased rushed 
in, fighting each other, each one attempting to get to the trunk first. The at- 
tendants interfered, desiring to learn what the trouble was about, and finally 
made peace between the boys. One of the daughters then explained why the 
men had been closely watched and why the boys rushed in and were fighting. 
It developed that in that old hair-covered trunk, which was encircled a hundred 
times with bed cord, were their father's will and $4,000 in gold. Ever since he 
had moved to Iowa in 1851, that frail safe had been the storage place of a fortune 
in gold. In it Evans had brought the treasure then in view from Indiana to Iowa, 
and how many years the trunk had performed its peculiar duty before the 
removal of the family here none but the members knew. But it was a matter 
of local comment as early as 1857, when Mr. Evans paid for a building in the 
spring of the year just mentioned, which had replaced one destroyed by fire, 
the money came from that old trunk. During all his life in Iowa, either Mr. 
Evans or his wife was by that trunk. They never left it alone at any time. It 
was on their minds all the time. 

Union Township has no trading point within its borders. At one time, in the 
later '40s, a little settlement was established at what later became known as 
Tileville, acquiring its name from the manufactory of tile in that vicinity. A. D. 
Jones ran a small store there for a short time. Here was Montpelier postoffice, 
first in the county. It has a railroad, however, but no station. 

Fortunately, George W. Guye, one of the boys who came with his father, 
Samuel Guye, in the spring of 1846 and settled in this township, is still living 
and has been for some years past a resident of Winterset. He remembers many 
interesting things relative to his family, which history has now become part and 
parcel of that of Madison County. He says that he 'was bom in White County, 
Tennessee, in 1826, and that the family moved to Sullivan County, Indiana, in 
1828. In that year they turned their faces westward and arrived in the Territory 
of Iowa in 1841, stopping at lowaville, in Van Buren County. They then took 
the old Mormon trail and reaching a point in Nodaway County, near Andrew 
County, Missouri, April 16, 1846, the family remained there until coming to 
Madison County, arriving in Union Township, April 28th. "As early as 1841," 
he relates, "we heard of the Three Rivers country, that it would be opened for 
settlement. There were glowing accounts of. this country coming to us from 
trappers and traders who had been here. Upon reaching the county, we stopped 
with Hiram Hurst two nights, and one night at Linn Grove with Lafridge 
Bedull, whom we knew in Missouri. The following night we were at Cruz 

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Grove, north of Churchville, and the next night camped in the J. H. Farris grove, 
where we stayed while staking out our claim. May 3, 1846. We built a cabin 
of linn logs in two days and this was the first real house in the county. 

*'Hiram Hurst put in a crop .in the summer of 1846 and then went after his 
family, meeting its members at the state line. He had constructed a cabin of 
buckeye and hackberry, which he covered with elm bark. It was a small affair. 
It was here we visited him the day we crossed the Middle River. We were the 
first guests he entertained in Madison County. When we arrived he looked wild 
and got his gun, but we told him who we were and that \ve were looking for 
information. He said he had not as yet seen the country. 

"My father, Samuel Guye, located on section 7, on land afterwards known as 
the Vanwy place. My claim was on sections 5 and 8, parts of which afterwards 
became known as the Hendricks and Ryner farms. James also located on section 
8. The other members of the family were: Mary, who married Elzie Evans, 
and died in southwestern Missouri ; Elizabeth, the wife of Enos Mills ; Francis 
M., who later became a citizen of Seattle, Washington; Samuel H., who moved 
some years ago from the county to Des Moines; Angeline, the wife of Henry 
Vanwy; and Maria, who married George Ludington. 

**When the land here was opened for entry, on January i, 1850, I went to 
Iowa City on horseback to buy land. The journey there and back consumed 
seven days. I paid Judge Carrollton to bid in for me two hundred and forty 
acres. This was the first farm land sold in Madison County at that time. I 
might here add that I did not get my patent for the land on which I located 
and entered until twenty years afterwards. 

"The members of my family farmed land on North River once cultivated by 
Indians. When we came here we brought from seventy to eighty head of cattle 
and one hundred head of sheep. We broke the prairie in 1847 ^'^h oxen, of 
which we had six yoke. We also had three horses. 

"My parents were married in Tennessee. My mother owned slaves in that 
state at the time and before departing for Indiana permitted them to purchase 
their liberty. Arriving in the Hoosier State, my parents bought a fine farm and 
my father speculated in toll turnpikes, much to his disadvantage. He was com- 
pelled to sell the farm and met with another disaster by taking $4,750 of the 
purchase price in bills of the State Bank of Indiana, which decreased in value 
fifty cents on the dollar before arriving in Missouri, where another farm was 
purchased in 1841. Not liking to live in a slave state, we left Missouri with some 
money, horses, cattle, sheep' and household goods, and as has been before stated, 
arrived in Madison County, April 28, 1846. 

"John Beedle, John Chenoweth, Samuel Casebier, my brother, James Guye, 
and myself went to Des Moines on the 2d day of August, 1846, to vote at an 
election which was to be held on August 3d to ratify the first constitution pro- 
posed in the State of Iowa. We all voted for the adoption of the constitution. 
At that time I was only twenty years old." 


By A. J. Hoisington 

The story of each pioneer settler of Madison County becomes more and more 
interesting and romantic as the years go by. Over sixty years have passed since 

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they began to arrive; only a very few of those old enough to remember their 
coming, what they did, how they lived and even who they were, are living to tell 
the tale. 

Their names, where they came from, where they first located, what next they 
did and how they lived, their daily habits, their customs, their religion and politics 
and the manner of people they were — and, finally, what became of them — is of 
interest to us now. At random I will here briefly mention a few who came the 
first year or two — there is no special reason that I mention one and omit another, 
since I have no favorites among them. 

Omitting Hiram Hurst and the Clanton and Guye colonies, which makes a 
little book by itself, since they were the first people, there came a few days after 
them the colony among whom are still well remembered, William Gentry, Philip 
M. Boyles, John Evans, Asa Mills and others. This colony was a large one and 
all were from Missouri. It should be recalled that Hurst, the Clantons and Guyes 
were all from Missouri, and for the matter of that, nearly all the settlers in 1846 
and 1847 came from Missouri — Northwest Missouri. 

David D. Henry came in May, 1846, and settled on section 20, Union Town- 
ship, on the north bank of Cedar Creek, where was a beautiful little bottom of 
prairie meadow, making the first improvement there. He had a family and was 
from Missouri. In 185 1 he joined the California bound crowd and left, taking 
his family. He entered the southeast quarter of the northeast quarter and the 
southeast quarter of the southwest quarter of that section in 1850. 

William Gentry came in May, 1846, from Missouri, first' settling on the north 
half of the west half of the northwest quarter of section 30, Union Township, 
near where the present house stands on top of the hill south of Cedar bridge, 
straight north of Winterset. He entered one hundred and sixty acres there in 
1850. He was one of the most prominent and active citizens of the county in 
the early days of its history — one of its first county commissioners and on the 
board that named Winterset and platted the town. Later on he sold out and set- 
tled on the north side of the lane, some distance west of where Tileville now is. 
Mr. Gentry's relation to the history of the early days makes him an important 
figure in many of its chapters. He lived out his days in the county he helped to 
mold and established and died respected by all. 

Leonard Bowman came in the spring of 1847 from Missouri, and first settled 
on the east half of the southwest quarter of section 5, in Union Township. As 
the lands in this county were not surveyed until 1849, it turned out that he was 
on the quarter on which the Guyes had located the year before. There is quite 
a history to this quarter that pertains to pioneer history of the county which is 
herein related. - Not only was this southwest quarter the one on which the 
pioneer Guyes first located, they being the first settlers west of close to the 
east line of the county, but it was the first tract of land entered in Madison 
County — January 21, 1850. To mate the long story brief, George Guye beat 
Bowman to the United States land office, then located at Iowa City and got the 
land. After thus losing his claim. Bowman settled west of where the county 
farm now is, in 1850. He sold out about 1853 and moved to South Audubon 
County, Iowa, where he lived and died. When here he had a large family, of 
whom some were quite grown up, among whom were sons, David, Reece, Daniel 
and Levi, and daughters, Mary and Cassie. David went to California, Daniel 

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married Elizabeth Folwell, in 1854, and lived in Audubon County, and Reece and 
Levi went west beyond the Missouri River. 

Brownfield came in June, 1846, with John B. Sturman and John R. Beedle, 
from Missouri. He had a family and settled on the northeast part of section 10, 
in Union Township, where Boone afterward owned some land. He made no 
improvements but a log cabin and left in 1848. His only distinction here, besides 
being one of the very first settlers, is that he was one of the five voters of Madison 
County, who went to Fort Des Moines and voted at the election, August 3, 1846, 
when the state constitution was adopted, which five voters marked the first road 
northeasterly to Des Moines on their way to vote. 

Thomas M. Boyles, brother of Philip, came with the colony, a single man, and 
settled on the southwest of section 17, Union Township, which he entered in 1850. 
He arrived in May, 1846, and there settled, building a log cabin and cutting out a 
small clearing where afterward long- resided the elder Sturman and his son 
Thomas. Late in the fall of 1847 he married a daughter of John Butler, who 
came with the Boyles from Missouri and who had settled in the south edge of 
the timber next east of the Philip Boyles farm. There was a great wedding, 
but the big boys of the then sparsely settled country were not invited. This slight 
they resented by organizing a charivari party. Having long distances to go they 
were late in getting to the Butler cabin. All had gone to bed, or it seemed to the 
boys they had, for the cabin was dark and quiet. The boys began their noise with 
every cow bell, stolen from the cattle in all the region about. They had two big 
dinner horns, tin pans and other things, with which to make the deafening noise. 
This infernal din they kept going until wearied out, but no one in the house seemed 
to give any attention to them. They were afraid to try to get inside, because they 
might meet with trouble. Finally, they quietly moved away, disappointed, tired 
and disgusted. Passing through the timber northward, crossing Cedar, they 
finally got to Boyles' cabin on the hill south of where Joe Forney lives now, de- 
termined to let Boyles and his bride know they had called that way. Of course 
the bride and groom were at Butler's. Boyles had three sheep only. The boys 
built a rail pen on top of a haystack and put in it the three sheep, but fearing 
the pen might not hold them and the sheep get killed or injured in the downfall, 
they finally took .the sheep down from the pen on the stack and put them in the 
cabin, where they fastened them in and left them. Disarranging other things 
around the place they pulled out for their several cabins of abode, miles away for 
all of them. Toward morning they got home. It was a dead failure all around 
and the more so it seemed to them afterward when they could not hear even a 
whisper from any one concerning what they had done that night. .No one ever 
mentioned in their hearing, or so they could hear of it, anything about their 
doings. Most of all, the boys wondered about the sheep in the house, but they 
never knew, or heard. They have always supposed that when they left the Butler 
cabin, some one followed them, with the expectation of mischief at Boyles' cabin 
and that when they left the latter with the sheep inside, some one was there to 
right things. Thus ended the first charivari in Madison County. Among those 
in this crowd I remember to have heard named George W. and Francis M. Guye, 
Reece, Dan and Levi Bowman and Martin Baum. There were nine or ten in the 
crowd. Boyles later sold to the elder James Sturman and moved to Texas. 

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Scott Township was organized in 1861 and was one of the first localities to be 
settled in Madison County. It is bounded on the north by Union, on the south by 
Walnut, on the east by South and on the west by Lincoln townships. The Middle 
River and Jones Creek are its principal streams. Middle River passes through 
the northern part of this domain from west to east, and Jones Creek flows 
through the southern part. The divide lying between Middle River and the 
Clanton is widely known as "Hoosier Prairie," deriving its name from the fact 
that many of its settlers came from Indiana. The topography of the township 
indicates a flat, or level prairie. However, in the breaks near the streams the 
surface of the township is very rough and broken. While the county was still 
young, there were many beautiful farms on "Hoosier Prairie" and in other por- 
tions of this township. It is an agricultural district and the entire township teems 
with well improved farms, buildings, good roads and all the modem improve- 
ments to be found in a high grade country. Inexhaustible quantities of the very 
best of limestone are found along the bluffs of Middle River, and coal abounds in 
various places. With the many springs and small streams that exist here and 
throughout the township, the community has become a very desirable one for the 
raising of stock and other industries. 

Henry McKinzie was probably the first settler to locate in this township, 
coming here in the latter part of the summer of 1846. He settled on what after- 
wards became the McKnight farm. Mr. McKinzie removed here from his old 
home in Sangamon County, Illinois, which was near that section of the country 
made famous as having been at one time the home of Abraham Lincoln. McKin- 
zie built a crude log cabin on his claim, which gave way to a frame house in 
1848, said to have been the first frame residence built in the county. He hauled 
the lumber all the way from Burlington. About this time came David Bishop, 
William Allcock and John Wilkinson ; also Ephraim Bilderback, the Organizing 
sheriff of the county. W. S. Wilkinson until his death in 1914, was a resident of 
the township, while Judge A. W. Wilkinson is and has been for many years, a 
resident of Winterset. 

Ephraim Bilderback built a small structure and set up a forge upon his farm, 
where was conducted the first blacksmith shop in the county. 

Asa Mills settled on the north part of the township, north of Middle River, on 
section 5, in the summer of 1846. 

Samuel Crawford, in the summer of 1847, built a cabin on the southwest 
quarter of section 5, which in the fall of that year was destroyed by fire. Being 
left without a habitation, Crawford moved in with James Thombrugh, where he 
stayed all winter, but before spring he had gotten up another cabin and moved 
into it. 


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About the year 1849 or 1850, there were quite a number settled in the township, 
among whom were John Rogers, Marius C. Debord, John Landers, Whitley Allen, 
John Hinkel, Joel Graves, William Hogg, Josiah Struthers, Josiah Smith, Isaac 
Debusk. John S. Holmes and William Bowlsby settled here soon after, also W. 
W. McKnight, John Rogers, George Close, Mitchell Robinson, J. S. Holmes, 
George Hammer, J. R. Silliman, John Jones, A. J. Campbell, Benjamin F. Reed, 
Ed Herrall, A. H. Adkison, James Harris, B. Lake, John Dryden, Porter Ral- 
ston, B. F. Carter, George A. Breeding, James Short, Noah King. 

Abner Bell with his wife and two children arrived in Madison County from 
Hancock County, Ohio, on September 30, 1850, and lived in the house on the 
Allcock claim until the following spring. That winter Bell taught school in the 
Clanton schoolhouse and in the spring of 185 1 moved to section 16, and bought 
forty acres of school land. That spring a log schoolhouse was built, in which he 
taught a three months' term. This was the first school in that district. He sold 
out in the next spring. In the winter of 185 1-2 Bell taught in the Adamson 
schoolhouse, that stood south of Middle River about eighty rods, above Huglin's 
Mill. In the spring of 1852 he moved west of Churchville, on the edge of Madison 

Theodore Cox settled in the township along about 1854 and improved a tract 
of land, so that it became a magnificent farm. Hogan Queen, Annon James, 
Solomon Odell, Thomas Stevens, Israel Hoover, Jesse Hiatt, J. S. Lorimor and I. 
Oglesbee all improved farms in this township and became leading citizens of the 

Of the later arrivals may be mentioned '*Fidler" Jones, William Fennimore, a 
splendid business man ; George Orr, G. W. Hann, John Holmes, Orville Rollstin, 
Benjamin and Andrew Jones, G. M. Grout, M. W. Peach, J. S. Herman, J. E. 
Spurgin. These men have all given to their farms, their homes and the commu- 
nity, their best energies and are held in the highest esteem by neighbors and friends 
throughout the county. 

There are four churches in the township: Providence United Brethren, 
Bethel Methodist Episcopal, Elm Grove Methodist Episcopal and Zion (union). 


By E. R. Ziller 

In the early summer of i860 a little colony of brave and sturdy people left their 
homes in Kentucky to try their fortunes in the to them unknown State of Iowa. 
In this relation a Keokuk paper of date May 28, i860, had the following to say : 
**A procession consisting of nine wagons, one carriage, twelve yokes of oxen and 
several spans of horses, passed up Main Street last Saturday morning bound 
for Madison County, Iowa. They came from Kentucky. They belong to one 
family, the head of which is Rev. John Blair, who informed us that they were 
obliged to leave on account of their sentiments on the slavery question." As 
related by Rev. John Blair, the reason given why he and his party picked upon 
Madison County for their future home was that a brother, Alexander Blair, had 
immigrated from Kentucky to Indiana in pioneer times and a few years later 
settled in Madison County, Iowa, on land now known as the "Mills'' farm at 

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Tileville. Those comprising the Blair party were Rev. John Blair, Rev. Richard 
Armstrong, Elza Blair, John Blair, Jr., James Blair, William Blair, William Turk, 
John Heneger, Peter Carter, James McKinney, William Carter, Alexander Eskew 
and Thomas Rhodes. In the fall of the same year another party arrived, consist- 
ing of George Breeding, Rev. C. Hughart, Joseph A. Breeding, B. F. Carter and 
others. In the following spring a third party located in the county, namely : J. M. 
Eskew, J. T. Blair, George H. Kinnaird, W. T. Jesse, Henry Monday and David 
Mosby. The numerous descendants and relatives by marriage of this splendid 
aggregation of settlers form a very important part of the population of Scott and 
South townships. "In that lonely, but beautiful, cemetecy, at Blair Chapel lie 
the remains of many of those who composed the early Kentucky emigrants. There 
repose the remains of the heroic leader and his faithful colleague. Rev. Richard 
Armstrong. A number of others are buried at Union Chapel." 



By W. S. Wilkinson 

We came to this county in the spring of 1848. The report had come to where 
we lived that there was a good country out here : nice rolling prairies, plenty of 
good timber, good running springs, . an abundance of stone, and the principal 
undergrowth was rattlesnakes, which the boys thought about correct. 

The early farms were mostly made in the timber, for there were but few 
that had teams able to turn the prairie sod. The timber soil was more easily 
stirred. We worked constantly at our clearing but every nice warm day at noon 
during the spring we would run down to the snake den and see if there were any 
snakes lying in the sun around the den — ^and we usually found some — this was 
the summer of the big snake hunt. Now Sunday was as strictly observed in the 
fore part of that summer as I have ever seen it at any time since. It was given 
over exclusively to the hunting and killing of rattlesnakes. We had no preaching 
here then. This was just before the preacher came. But after the snake killing 
season they organized Sunday school and we thought it a No. i school. We 
put on our clean linen pants on Sunday morning and went to Sunday school — the 
small boys did not wear pants every day unless we had company — a boy is not so 
bashful when he is dressed up — that's the way a boy saw it. 

After our com was laid by, James Thombrugh was employed to teach school 
and they built a log schoolhouse about a quarter of a mile east of the Buffalo 
Mills, and we had a pretty full school. There were few families in the neigh- 
borhood, but they were the kind that counted in making a school. The school 
was run for six weeks and was then closed on account of more pressing duties 
— hay making and com cutting. Henry Evans* is the only one now living in the 
county that I know of besides myself that attended that school. 

Five of the settlers, my father among them, went up the Coon River that fall 
on a bee hunt, naming small streams and localities from incidents of the trip, some 
of which I can now recall as Johnson's Defeat, where Felt Johnson got lost one 
day while out bee hunting and did not find camp until nearly morning ; Wilkinspn 
Fork, where the only bee tree my father found was stolen and cut by other 

* Henry Evans and the w/iter of this article both are dead. 

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hunters ; McKinzie*s Paradise, probably from the old gentleman's genial disposition 
and jolly ways ; Bilderback's Success, where Eph Bilderback found about as many 
bee trees in one day as any other man in the crowd found on the whole trip. 
They found and cut over eighty bee trees and brought home a fine lot of honey, 
which they strained and took to St. Joe, Missouri, sold and got their supplies for 
the winter — a sack of salt each, a bushel or so of coffee, some sugar, some dried 
fruit and some other necessaries for their families, and if they had not gotten 
them that way I do not know how they would have gotten them. 

They returned from St. Joe on the night of the 2d of December, 1848, and that 
night the big snow began to fall. On the morning of the 3d the snow was about 
four inches deep and by evening it was about flank deep to a horse and it kept on 
snowing without any wind or bluster for some time. I have never seen as much 
snow on the ground at any other time as there was that winter and I never saw 
the snow piled as high in the forks of the trees was then. The snow lay 
on the ground until in April, and when we commenced to make sugar the next 
spring it was knee deep in the timber and by the time the snow disappeared sugar 
making was done. There was no frost in the ground. This was before the town 
(Winterset) was made. In the summer of '1848 A. D. Jones set up a store at the 
Narrows, as it was called (Tileville), and was the first postmaster in the county. 
We used to go there for the mail and to trade a little and we thought "A. D." 
ought to have the county seat, which was being much talked of about this time. 
"A D." was a great favorite among the boys, but the old men put the town right 
out in the prairie grass and not a shade tree in sight — ^an awful mean trick as the 
boys saw it. 

The town was located in the summer of 1849. The commissioners met to niame 
it some time in July. It was quite chilly for the time of year. A. D. Jones was the 
commissioners' clerk. They talked about the name ; one proposed Independence, 
another Summerset, but the third thought they had better call it Winterset. That 
raised a big laugh and **A. D." wrote Winterset, in his splendid hand, and held it 
^p for their inspection. The commissioners liked the name. They passed the 
flask, set it down, and Winterset was made the town. 


The following paper was read by W. S. Wilkinson, of Scott Township, at a 
meeting of the Madison County Historical Society : 

Early in the spring of 1847 ^V oldest brother, Alfred, came from Davis County, 
Iowa, with one horse to Fort Des Moines and rented twenty acres of ground of 
Mr. Lamb, about where the starch factory now stands. He planted it in com, 
agreeing to give one-half of it in rent. 

About the first of June my father, with the rest of the family, followed, but 
being stopped by high water we remained in Marion County for some time, not 
reaching the neighborhood of the Forks, as the union of the Raccoon and Des 
Moines rivers was then usually called, until towards fall. We lived that fall 
and winter on Four Mile Creek, about six miles northeast of the Forks. During 
the winter reports came to us of this country up here, that it was a fine place, good 
soil, nice rolling prairies, plenty of good timber along the streams, and the prin- 
cipal undergrowth was rattlesnakes. On our arrival we found plenty of the 

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Came to Madison County in 1853. 
A Mexican war veteran. 


Came to Madison County in 1848. First mail carrier in Madison 
Veteran of the Civil war. Wrote County. Carried mail from Des 
several papers for the Historical Moines to Montpelier, the first post- 
Society which appear in the Madison office in Madison County, in 1848. 
County History. 

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> V 

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Early in the spring of 1848 my father and brother, Thomas, came to Madison 
County to locate a claim and built a cabin within a few steps of a nice spring 
just one and a half miles north of the center of Scott Township. They covered 
the cabin in the usual way with clapboards and weight poles, but running short 
of boards they covered a small patch with elm bark. One-half of the floor was 
laid with puncheon split from linn logs and smoothed with a broad ax ; the other 
half was laid with bark placed flat on the ground. A stick and mud chimney 
was built with a stone wall and jambs for a fireplace. 

My father and brother then returned and removed the family from Polk 
County as soon as the stock could live on the grass. We started about the 20th of 
April, 1848, with our cows, sheep, hogs, chickens, a pair of geese and our house- 
hold goods. We arrived at our new home just after dark on Friday, April 23, 
1848. The next day we unloaded our wagon and fixed things for housekeepihg, 
while our stock grazed on the grass. The next day being Sunday, we rested and 
viewed the landscape o*er. On Monday morning we went to work clearing a piece 
of timber land to plant in corn, our horse team not being able to turn the prairie 
sod. We put in eight or ten acres of com and later planted a good patch of 
potatoes, cabbage and other vegetables. Our com when cut up made a fine lot 
of feed, but the grain was not well matured on account of being planted so late. 

After the crops were tended the settlers began to pay some attention to school- 
ing their children. They built a log cabin for a schoolhouse just east of the 
Buffalo Mills, in what is now Eli Wright's field, and hired James Thombrugh to 
teach a term of school. He commenced some time in August and taught six 
weeks. The fall work coming on, he closed the school until winter, but the snow 
was so deep that winter that the children could not go, so he never finished the 
term. That was the first school taught in the county. The pupils attending that 
term as well as I can remember them were: Absalom, Daniel, Thomas, Aaron, 
Ann and Emeline McKinzie ; Louisa, Rebecca and Joseph Thombrugh ; James and 
Ann Crawford ; Will and Jack Hart ; Henry Evans, Will Butler, Miles Casebier, 
Thomas, Margaret, David and W. S. Wilkinson. I think there were two or three 
others, but I cannot recall their names. Of the above only two are living in this 
county : Henry Evans and myself. Two are living in Kansas, one in Washington, 
two in Oregon and one in Rock Island, Illinois. A year or so later some school 
districts were marked off and the Roger schoolhouse, in Scott Township, was 
built. Mrs. Danforth, mother of Chal and William Danforth, taught the first 
school there. 

That fall my father and some of the neighbors went on a bee hunt up the 
Coon River. They found and cut eighty bee trees and brought home a fine lot of 
honey. After straining it, they hauled it to St. Joseph, Missouri, and traded it 
for their winter supply of groceries. Had they not secured their provisions in 
that way, I do not know how they would have got them. They returned on the 
2d of December, 1848, and the next morning the snow was about four inches deep. 
It continued to snow until it became a big snow — the deepest I ever saw. It must 
have been at least three feet on the level — some said it was more. The settlers 
could not keep the road broken through that sn6w, not even to the mill. They kept 
tracks broken 'from house to house, so they could go on horseback, and their 
milling was done in that way. 

During the summer of 1848 Hart & Hinkley built a little grist mill on the site 

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where the Buffalo Mills afterwards stood. They started some time in the fall. It 
was a small affair, but it answered the settlers* purpose well that winter of the 
deep snow. I do not know how they could have gotten along without the mill. 
They could grind nothing but com — in fact, there was nothing else to grind that 
winter. The next season I think they had some buckwheat and possibly a very 
little wheat to grind. The millers got some kind of a screen to sieve their buck- 
wheat. They called it a sarse ; I do not know what it was like ; probably the real 
name was sarcenet, a hand bolt made of sarcenet silk. Of course we did not get 
good flour but it was a change from corn bread. 

I think the first Sunday school in the county was organized in the summer of 
1848, at the house of Levi Bishop, in Scott Township. Sam Fleener was super- 
intendent and Mrs. Bishop teacher. They did not confine their instruction to the 
scriptures alone, but taught the little folks their letters, spelling and reading. The 
books used were the spelling book and Testament. 

The first bridge in this county was built in the fall and winter of 1854-5, 
across Middle River, where the Indianola and Winterset road crossed that stream 
in Scott Township, now known as the Holliwell Bridge. Madison County paid 
John McCartney $500 for building it. The bridge was a forty foot span with a 
framed approach at each end. It was a frame bridge with double bents at each 
end of the spans twenty-two feet high. The timbers of this bridge were hewn 
sixteen inches square. The stringers of the main span were forty-four feet long 
to lap at the ends on the bents. The framed approaches at each end were twenty 
feet long. The bridge was finished early in the spring of 1855. 


By W. S. Wilkinson 

When the first settlers came to this county, the nearest mill to them was the 
old Parmalee Mill, near the mouth of Middle River, about fourteen miles south- 
east of Des Moines, and when that, mill was closed for repairs, or for any cause, 
as was sometimes the case, they had to go farther on, often as far as Oskaloosa, 
some eighty or ninety miles, and sometimes to Missouri, near St. Joe. So in the 
spring of 1848, Hart and Hinkley commenced the erection of a little grist mill on 
the site where the Buffalo Mills afterwards stood — the first mill built in the 
county. • 

They put up a building of logs and covered it with clapboards, on the east 
bank of the river, with the fore-bay under the west end of the building. I don't 
know how they built a fore-bay without any sawed lumber. They must have built 
it of hewed timbers, for there was no lumber made in the county at that time. 

The mill dam was what was called a brush, or log dam. They cut small 
trees and trimmed the limbs off the body, leaving the brush on the top. These 
trees were then laid side by side across the bed of the stream for a foundation for 
the dam. Then the log part was built across twelve or fifteen feet above the butt- 
ends of these trees, so that they would form an apron to prevent the water from 
undermining the dam. The old brush dams were substantial when the brush got 
set in the mud, if the banks were made secure, but they were leaky old things 
and let too much water pass through. 

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Hart and Hinkley worked pretty steady at the mill that summer, and the 
settlers turned out to help in any way they could, and after their crops were laid 
by, they had more time to give the needed assistance. 

I do not remember what time they started the mill ; I think it was not much 
before the first of October and perhaps a little later than that date. They com- 
menced to grind some corn before they had their millhouse entirely inclosed, and 
one night when the roof was about half on, the men were in the mill busy grinding 
a grist of com for some hungry settler, when there came up a little wind- 
storm and blew off what roof they had over their works and sent the clapboards 
and weight poles flying around so lively that it gave the mill men such a scare 
that the boys had the laugh on them for weeks afterwards. But the settlers 
came to their aid the next morning and before forty-eight hours they had their 
mill roof secure against any ordinary storm. 

Andy Hart was a large, strong man, I should judge about thirty-five years 
old, able to do any amount of hard work, but I think he was no mechanic. 

Mr. Hinkley was a man well up in years, as old a man perhaps as there was in 
the county at that time, but he was a fine workman. He made the water wheel, 
shaft and cog-wheels that run the mill, and had to take every piece out of the 
tree, for there was no sawmill, not even a whipsaw in the county at that time 
that I know of. 

When we think of the conditions that prevailed at that time, I cannot help 
but think that these men did the very best thing that could have been done at that 
time for the settlers of this county. 

That was the winter of the deep snow. I have never seen as much snow on 
the ground at any other time as there was that winter, and it lay on till April. 
The settlers could not keep the road broken to the mill. They kept a track broken 
where they could keep in the timber, so they could go on horseback, and the 
milling was mostly done that way during that winter. 

I heard of rpen taking grain to mill that winter on a handsled over the crusted 
snow where they had to cross the prairie for some distance. If they had not had 
the little mill, I do not know what they would have done that winter. 

Hart and Hinkley run the mill about a year and sold it to Casebier and Sim- 
mons, who afterwards took in James Thombrugh as partner. I think this deal 
was made in the fall of 1849. The new firm commenced immediately the erection 
of a sawmill on the west side of the river and commenced to saw lumber, but the 
high water in June, 1851, washed the sawmill out and they then put it on the east 
side of the river joining on to the south side of the grist mill. They also remodeled 
the grist mill and put in bolts and commenced grinding wheat. By this time the 
mill was doing considerable business. The town of Winterset was starting and 
there was a lively demand for all the lumber and breadstuflfs the mill could fur- 

Among the early settlers of this county were some very strong men who liked 
at times to show off their physical powers. And when Casebier & Company 
remodeled the grist mill, they took out the mill shaft that Hart and Hinkley had 
put in and it lay around in the millyard for a number of years, serving as an 
object upon which these men could test their strength. I think Ab. McKinzie 
was the champion, but he had several very able competitors. I do not think it 
would have caused very much jealousy among the early settlers of this county if 

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the statement had been made at that time that I make now, that Ab. McKinzie 
was probably the strongest man, physically, that ever lived in the county. 

James Thombrugh, one of the partners in the mill, died in December, 1851, 
and early in the next year, I think it was, William Compton bought the mill 
property. He took possession and commenced immediately a vigorous prosecution 
of his affairs, which he kept up as long as he managed the business. He had been 
in business in Winterset ever since the town started and had worked up a 
profitable trade, a good share of which he held after moving to the mill. 

On taking charge of the business here, he built a residence just east of the mill, 
in the side of the bluff where the cedar trees he planted still stand. He dug a 
basement about sixteen by thirty-two feet, and made the walls of the lower story 
of stone and put a frame building over it of the same size. The house was 
divided into four rooms, two above and two below. There was a large stone chim- 
ney and fireplace at each end of the house — stoves were not so plentiful then as 
they are now — and a double porch on the west, the full length of the building and 
seven feet deep, and when neatly balustered and painted, made quite an imposing 
appearance at that early day. Viewed from the mill and highway, and when 
enlarged, as it afterwards was, and in its time flanked on the east and north by a 
splendid apple orchard and vineyard, it made a very desirable home for Mr. and 
Mrs. Compton and the large family they there reared. 

They entered the upper part from the level of the ground on the east, and 
the lower part from the level on the west. The two upper rooms were used for 
living and sleeping rooms, and the lower south room was the kitchen. Many a nice 
batch of corn dodger has been baked in the skillet at that fireplace. The north 
lower room was used at first for a storeroom. Mr. Compton put in a mixed 
stock of goods — some groceries and dry goods, and some wet goods, too. 

The increasing population from immigration soon so increased the demand 
for material that Mr. Compton, in order to meet that demand, as far as possible, 
run his mills day and night, whenever he had the water to do so. And in order to 
increase his water supply, he improved his mill dam and raised it considerably 
higher, against the protest of some landowners up the river, who brought suit 
for damages, but Mr. Compton was always the successful party in the suit. 

After Compton took possession of the property, he kept a competent mechanic 
employed most of the time. His first mechanic was Steven Divilbliss, who I 
think stayed about one year. He was said to be a master workman. Then 
Charles Rice came for about that length of time I think. Then came Judge 
Smalley who remained as long perhaps as Compton needed a steady workman. 
Some of the regular hands in the mill were Sam Crawford, miller, who worked 
for several years, and Mr. Wright, laborer, who stayed as long as he was able to 
do an)rthing. 

J. B. Lamb was a regular, standby for many years. He commenced about 
1855 ^^d remained as long as Compton owned the mill. Then there is Philip 
Moore, now approaching seventy-five years, who commenced work in the mill 
when a boy and stayed with it as long as a wheel turned, and although his home is 
now beyond the "Big Muddy," he may occasionally be seen on the old stamping 
ground. In 1856, Mr. Compton installed steam power and used both steam and 
water power when necessary. 

From this time on the capacity, as well as the popularity, of the Buffalo Mills 

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was on the increase. The flour went into several counties of Southern Iowa, 
and teams were run regularly, hauling flour from this mill into that territory until 
the railroads were built through that section. Mr. Compton continued in the 
business until some time in the '70s, when his health began to fail. He sold to 
Vermillion and Kleatsch, and retired from active business. 

The new firm kept the mill well up to its former reputation, until it was de- 
stroyed by a cyclone in the summer of 1880. After the destruction of the old 
mill, it was rebuilt on a more modem plan and lost, in a measure, the pioneer 
character of its former days. 

It seems proper this paper should close here. Judge Lewis, one of the pro- 
prietors of the new mill, is still with us and is much more vigorous in body and 
mind, and more capable of furnishing at some future time, a supplementary paper 
on the rebuilding and final downfall of that dear old landmark. 

With a few words on the surroundings of the old mill, I must close. During 
the early prosperity of the Buflfalo Mills, there were other branches of business 
carried on in the same vicinity for many years. A store was kept by some one 
about ^all the time until after the war, and at times a blacksmith shop and wood 
repair shop, and at one time, a brickyard was run for several years. About the 
time of the Civil war, the old water power sawmill was taken out and that build- 
ing was turned into a wool carding machine. All these different branches of 
business employed a number of men in addition to those in the mills, and in the 
timber, furnishing logs to the saw and wood to run the engines. 

These men were mostly settled around near the mill and formed a settlement 
of perhaps thirty families, a majority of whom owned their house and grounds, 
large or small. The settlement was important in itself and assumed the char- 
acter of an unorganized village, going by the name of Buflfalo. 

In the district there were at least seventy-five or one hundred children of 
school age — the largest school in the township, and perhaps the largest country 
school in the county — but since the mill has gone down, it has shrunk to about an 
average of the district schools. 

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That part of the county, of which Douglas is now a component part, early at- 
tracted settlers, and some of the first white men to set their stakes with the purpose 
of making Madison County their future home located here. The township was 
organized in 1861 and is bounded on the north by Madison, on the south by 
Lincoln, on the east by Union and on the west by Jackson townships. Like Union, 
it is divided up into very desirable proportions of timber and prairie land. North 
River and Cedar Creek pass through it, flowing from west to eaat. Numerous 
springs and streams also exist in various portions of it. Nature seems to have 
been lavish with this section of the county, as almost all over its entire supface is 
rich fertile land which has been so improved that the township now contains 
many of the best farms under cultivation in the county. 

The first persons to Settle in Douglas Township were the three Baum brothers, 
Irvin, Martin and Lewis, the latter two of whom were single men; also Jacob, 
William and Joseph Combs and their sister, Irene B. Combs. This party all came 
together from Andrews County, Missouri, in May, 1846, and settled in the same 
neighborhood, in the east part of Douglas Township, between the Cedar and 
North River, with the exception of Joseph Combs. The land on which Jacob 
Combs located later became the property of William Forbes, that of William 
Combs where the widow Evans later resided, and the Joseph Combs place finally 
found its way into the possession of the Monaghans. The Irvin Baum farm 
passed into the hands of the Webbs ; Martin Baum's place became the McDonald 
farm near the Howerton Branch and the Lewis Baun] farm was where Jacob 
Evans later resided. These people were all of the democratic persuasion and 
probably to that fact may be ascribed the reason for the name given the township. 
Joseph Combs never married and some years after leaving here removed to 
Marion County, where he died. Jacob Combs sold out to one Smith and went 
to Oregon. He later returned to Iowa and died in Marion County. William 
Combs removed to Saline County, Kansas, and finally met his death by being run 
over by a train near Spokane, Washington. Irvin Baum, after some years' resi- 
dence here removed to Spokane and the other two Baums immigrated to Kansas. 

W. Compton, an Ohioan by birth, removed to Peoria County, Illinois, and 
from there immigrated to Washington County, Iowa, in 1839. After spending 
several years in Polk County, he removed to Madison County in 1849 and located 
in this township on what is known as the town quarter section of land. It is 
said that he was the first man to sell groceries in Madison County and he after- 
ward bought Hart & Hinkley's mill site on Middle River where they had been run- 
ning a com cracker. He built on this fine mill site the first grist mill erected in the 
county. With this he also built a sawmill and installed a carding machine. For 
his second wife he married Sarah Knight, in 1873. 


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Robert Evans settled in this township in 1851, in the northern part of the 
township, where he lived and died, as did also his wife. 

The township had not long been settled before James Musgrave arrived 
from Indiana. He settled on section i in this township in January, 1852, and in 
i860 built a bam 40 by 60 feet, with an eight-foot basement, which was considered 
at the time to be the largest structure of its kind in the county. 

E. Bennett was a settler in the county as early as 185 1, coming from Marion 
County, Indiana. He married Mary J. Leech in 1857. 

R. P. Bruce also settled here in 185 1. He was a native of Kentucky but had 
lived seventeen years in Illinois prior to coming to Madison County. F. M. 
Bruce came with his parents at the same time. He enlisted in the Fourth Iowa 
Cavalry and served three years. 

B. F. Cooper was bom in Putnam County, Indiana, in 1851, and came to 
Madison County in 1857, with his parents. He married Miss Mary C. McCleary 
in 1879. She was bom in Madison County. 

J. S. Goshom was a native of Pennsylvania, who came to the State of Iowa 
in 1852 and located in this township in 1856. He enlisted in the Fourth Iowa In- 
fantry for the Civil war and served as second lieutenant of Company F. Within 
ten months he was honorably discharged and enlisted in the Forty-seventh Iowa 
Infantry and was commissioned captain of Company E. He held the office of 
county superintendent of schools. His son, Arthur E., is the present postmaster 
and editor of the News at Winterset. 

W. H. Lewis came to Iowa with his parents in 1849 from Chautauqua County, 
New York. He was raised on a farm, read law and was admitted to the bar in 1865, 
but only practiced his profession a short time. He later started a nursery in this 
township, to which he has given a great part of his attention. He served an un- 
expired term as county judge by appointment, was county commissioner several 
terms and superintendent of the construction of the courthouse and other build- 
ings of the county. 

F. M. McDaniel came to Madison County from Indiana in 1852, and located 
here. He married Miss Sarah Sturman in 1859. 

Matthew M. McGee, a native of Ireland, immigrated to the United States in 
1831, first settled in Ohio, and thence in 1854 located here, becoming one of the 
large landowners of the community. His attention was paid largely to the rais- 
ing and feeding of stock. 

Edwin Peed was one of the Indianians who located in the county in 1856. He 
settled on section 4 on land, part of which he entered in 1853. 

D. Applegate was quite an early settler in this township, coming in 1858 from 
Tmmbull County, Ohio. He enlisted in the Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry in the 
Civil war and served three years. Two of his sons, Andrew and Allen, enlisted in 
Company I, Fourth Iowa Cavalry, and served until the close of the war. Allen 
was on picket duty on his fifteenth birthday. 

George Bardrick settled on section 25 in 1854 and became a large landowner. 
In writing of this township upon one occasion, Prof. E. R. Zeller had the follow- 
ing to say : "The natural topographical conditions here were such as to require 
much hard work to make a beginning. The Dabneys, Applegates, F. M. Bmce, 
M. M. McGee, Edwin Peed, H. W. Laizure, J. W. Cline, J. W. Thompson^ 
McDonalds, the Allgeyers, Sulgroves, Abrahams, Chases, Coxes, Eyerlys, the 

Vol. I— 1 

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Rogans, Rehards, Ruths, Hayes, James Monaghan and F. M. McDaniel were there 
to meet the exigencies. The Clarks, Getchells, S. A. Ellis and the Abrahams sub- 
dued the forests and hazel brush, where is now the Rhyno ranch, and to the 
south W. H. Lewis and J. S. Goshom made the wilderness blossom as the dahlia. 
Mr. Lewis' efforts have without doubt brought more tangible results than those of 
most any other one in the county. 

"J- C. Wilson was a man of positive character and so was J. F. Buchanan, at 
one time a member of the board of supervisors. George Johnson and Joseph 
Comp have been largely useful in later times, while the Kinsman family stands 
out prominently in its moral influence on the community. John Norris for many 
years operated a valuable farm near Winterset and did much to improve the grade 
of cattle, and no one was more familiarly known than David Gilliland. Besides the 
Rhyno ranch, there is the large and beautiful stock farm improved, owned and 
operated for a half century by Richard Bruce, and later managed by the Orris 

Jonathan Myers and Martin Ruby put up a steam sawmill in 1855 ^^^ turned 
out a great deal of lumber for the settlers. The mill finally reverted to Samuel 
Kirkland, who conducted it successfully for many years. Church organizations, 
Sunday schools and school houses came into existence as soon as the settlers pro- 
vided for their immediate necessities. West Star Church has a large congrega- 

The log house put up by Irvin Baum was 18 by 20 feet in ground dimensions, 
but was the largest house in the county at that time. Unfortunately, it was 
burned to the ground a few days after it had been finished. His neighbors a few 
days afterwards, without giving any notice came to his assistance and helped him 
erect another good, substantial home. 

Those were the days when the term neighbor had a real significance and 
there was no exclusiveness between settlers. Even though they might live miles 
apart they were neighbors and shared with each other without stint or grudg- 
ngness. Here is another instance of what real neighborliness is : In 1847 William 
Combs' fence was destroyed by fire while he was absent in Missouri. His neigh- 
bors gathered together on Sunday and replaced the fence by a new one, thus 
saving his crops from being destroyed by stock, which in those days ran at large 

The winter of 1855 was a very severe one and the snow lay deep upon the 
ground. The mercury was down below zero and froze a crust on top of the snow 
thick and hard, so as to make it impracticable for horses to travel. The severity 
of the weather continued so long that some of the settlers became short of 
food, whereupon Jacob Combs, William Combs, Irvin and Lewis Baum made up 
a party and with their teams started for Compton's Mill on Middle River. The 
journey was an extremely difficult and rather dangerous one, as they were obliged 
to beat the snow with wooden mauls all the way to their destination. It was only 
by this means that the horses were enabled to travel. 


While gathering material for his proposed history of Madison County, the 
late A. J. Hoisington prepared the following description of the first schoolhouse 
in Douglas Township, which was about three miles due north of Winterset : 

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"It would be interesting and valuable historical information for all time to 
come if we had complete records and descriptions of the first and early common 
schools in the several townships of the county. There are those yet Hving who 
can furnish much of it if they woyld do so, and besides there are many scraps of 
records lying around loose that should be gathered. Persons in the several town- 
ships and school districts should interest themselves and do this work. 

*1 beHeve that to William Garrett belongs the credit of organizing and teach- 
ing the first school north of Winterset, although the Guiberson School in Union 
Township comes in close to that period. Mr. Garrett arrived in Madison County 
in October, 1849, from Hendricks County, Indiana. He came with a small 
colony led by John Hooten, who settled in (now) Lincoln Township and became 
one of the prominent characters and active citizens of the county. Mr. Garrett 
at once obtained employment with. George Homback and W. B. Hopkins, then 
two active citizens, and aided them in opening up what was afterward long known 
as the James Farm, the second farm east of the long time Boyles place. Garrett 
made about the first Government land entry in Madison Township, the same being 
for 160 acres in section 28. During March of that year he and Jacob Fry dug and 
walled a well in Winterset for William Compton, near where the soldiers' monu- 
ment stands. He and Fry have made the claim that this was the first completed 
and walled well in Winterset. The town was surveyed the July before. 

"In the fall of 1850 Garrett went back to Indiana on a visit. He returned to 
Madison County in December, 185 1, and immediately opened a subscription 
school, in a vacant log cabin about three and a quarter miles due north of Winter- 
set, on the southeast quarter of section 13, in Douglas, and near the center of the 
quarter. The cabin had been built by Silas Bams in 1848. In 1850 he sold the 
claim to W. B. Hopkins, who built a better house some forty rods farther south 
and oflFered the vacant cabin for schoolroom purposes. The cabin was 14x16 
feet, had a clapboard door, stick and clay style chimney and a small glass win- 
dow on the south. There were three seats made of slabs obtained at William 
Combs' sawmill, northwest on North River. Fuel for the big fireplace was abund- 
ant, but the cabin needed repairing. The patrons and neighbors of the school met 
Saturday night of the first school week and that night the cabin burhed down. 
The scholars lost a portion of their books. The textbooks used that one week 
were McGuflfy's first, second and third readers, McGuflFy's speller, Ray's arith- 
metic and some other books. The school term lasted but one week. It was to be 
a subscription school, for there was then no public school moneys used. The 
teacher did not ask any compensation for the time taught. He says the school was 
not a ^glorious victoree' for any one, but was the first school opened in what is now 
Douglas Township. Following are the names of the pupils who attended : Perry, 
Aaron, Noah and Emily Bams; Louisa, Charlotte, Mary E. and Rufus Clark; 
Barbara, Sarah Ann and Benjamin Combs ; L. D. Evans, Samuel Houston Guye, 
Willis G., Almira and Barbara Hopkins. 

"In the spring of 1852 a school district was organized and a frame schoolhouse 
erected on land owned by Jacob Combs. The schoolhouse was built about a half 
mile north and about a quarter west of the present Abram Schoolhouse. It was a 
box frame, sided and ceiled with lumber from William Combs' sawmill, north on 
North River. Probably, George Gundy was the carpenter. The room was 14x16 
feet. The door was in the east end and across the west end was a single row of 

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8x10 window glass. Under this row of glass was a long slab table used for 
writing purposes. The benches to sit on were log slabs with legs made of round 
poles cut to proper length. There was a rough board floor. 

"The directors the first year were Jacob Combs, Caleb Clark and David 
McCarty. Miss Mary Jane Gaff, sister of Doctor Gaff, taught the first term in the 
new schoolhouse during June and July, 1852. Mr. Garrett taught the next term 
during January and February, 1853. The directors had some trouble in getting a 
stove to heat the room. Nearly everybody used fireplaces those days. Stoves were 
not on the market hereabouts. Finally, Mr. Garrett said, the directors obtained a 
second hand stove that was a combination of fourth-rate cooking stove, a fourth- 
rate heater and a first class smoker. Of it he says: *I think I have some respect 
and veneration for old people, old scenes and old relics, but I draw the line on that 
old stove — let it be relegated to oblivion.' 

"The textbooks and studies that winter were McGuffy's series of readers and 
spellers, Ray's arithmetic, and writing. We flattered ourselves that we made some 
progress educationally. The scholars that winter were as follows : Lydia, Letitia 
and Newton Brinson; Aaron, Noah and Emily Bams; Rose Baum, Sarah Jane 
Combs, Louisa, Charlotte, Cynthia, Mary.E. and Rufus Clark; Barbara, Lucinda 
and B. F. Combs; Sarah and Mary Etchison; E. J. and L. D. Evans; Willis G., 
Almira and Barbara Hopkins; Daniel and Jonathan Myers; Leander, Asbury, 
Bradford and Nancy McCarty; Marshall and Ellen Spurlock; George W. and 
Hiram Wolverton and Cassie Bowman. Perhaps of these only Rufus Clark, Mrs 
Joshua Bennett and Mrs. Stephen James now live in Madison County. Daniel 
and Jonathan Myers and Hiram Wolverton gave up their lives to their country 
during the great Civil war. 

"For teaching that term of school Mr. Garrett was given his board free by his 
good old friend, W. B. Hopkins, and $15 a month from the school fund." 

CALEB Clark's stories 

The winter of 1848-9 was long after known as the **cold winter." Caleb Clark 
was then living on a claim in South Township. He was on^ of the Clanton 
colony of 1846. In later years he often illustrated how cold and snowy that 
winter was by relating the following story, which he appeared to believe really 
occurred : He had a small bunch of hogs that were, of course, the "hazel split- 
ter" and "razor back" breed, then the only kind in the county. He had a few 
acres of com not yet gathered when the early and deep snow fell. When the 
storm ceased he looked for his hogs but could not find even a trace of them nor 
hear of them in the neighborhood. More snow fell and the com, deeply buried 
, under it, remained ungathered. One day toward spring as the snow began melting 
he started 9Ut across the field on some errand. Suddenly he found himself 
over head in the snow among a bunch of hogs. At once they disappeared from 
sight. Floundering around a while in the snow trying to get out, he discovered 
the snow was tunneled along the ground in every direction. Finally getting out, he 
watched and waited, until some days later he discovered his hogs were in the field, 
all alive and fattened for market. They had somehow gotten into the corn during 
the first snow storm and were entirely buried. Like moles, they had made their 
way through the snow along the surface of the ground for com, and had runways 

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all over the field. They ate snow for drink, and of course, they were so deeply 
buried under, they remained warm all winter and became fat. One sow had a 
litter of pigs bom under the snow and they were blind. He guessed the reason 
and pried their eyelids apart, putting blinders over their eyes so the light at first 
would not ruin their sight. 

Another story he used to relate so often that he came to believe it himself 
was concerning the browsing of cattle and horses in early days. When hay was 
scarce in winter time and early spring, owners of stock would cut down certain 
trees, so that the stock might eat the buds and small twigs from the limbs. 
Usually, the stock became very fond of this food. At the time of this story 
Clark was living on a claim he had taken near the Clantons on Clanton Creek. He 
had missed a cow and could not find it anywhere. After several days of search, 
one day he went down to the creek thinking to follow the channel on the ice, 
because it made easier walking than through the deep snow, and hoping that some- 
where down toward Middle River he might find some trace of his missing cow. 
Continuing on the ice a long distance he heard the lowing of a cow. Surprised, 
and unable to see the animal, he listened and then walked on. Soon again he 
heard the sound and closer, but yet could see nothing nor tell from what direction 
came the sound. Finally, after walking around and watching closely and occa- 
sionally hearing the lowing as from a cow, he became greatly mystified, for surely 
by the sound it must be close. He could plainly see along the ground through the 
timber a much greater distance than the sound seemed away. Every time he 
started to walk the sound came again with increasing tones of distress. He began 
to doubt his senses and grew alarmed at his loneliness in the otherwise silence of 
the woods, miles from any human habitation (as he would tell the story), wonder- 
ing if it might be a waylaying catamount or Indian seeking to lure him on to his 
own destruction, or, indeed, if he had not suddenly gone crazy on the subject of 
his lost cow. Distractedly gazing about, he happened to glance upward among the 
tall trees and, at the same moment, came another distressful low. He thought 
he saw a cow's head way up in the tree. Going closer, there came another low. 
It surely was a cow's head and horns and voice. He went up close to the tree 
and investigated, the cow's face looking pitifully down upon him the while. 
He found that the cow's head was sticking out through a knot hole of a 
hollow tree at a high distance from the ground. The cow had wandered through 
the timber, seeking to browse upon some tree, but unable to find one low 
enough to reach the limbs, had found a big hollow slippery elm tree, and climbing 
up inside of it, she came to a knot hole among the branches. Getting her head 
out to browse on the limbs, and feeding all she wanted, she was unable to draw 
her head back because of her horns. There, way up in the tree, she had remained 
all those days, living on the buds and tender limbs of the abundant branches of the 
tree, but unable to get down and go home over night. She had well nigh eaten 
off all the twigs and bark on the big tree. Going back, Clark, as related by him, 
climbed the outside of the tree and cut away the knot hole until the cow could 
pull her head back. Then she climbed down the tree and gladly went home with 
her master. Ever after Clark closely guarded his cows during winter and early 
spring time. 

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By W. H. Lewis. 

Douglas Township, as it came from the hand of its Creator, before it was de- 
faced by the work of man, was a beauty spot in the world's occidental Eden. It 
resembled its oriental prototype, in having a noble river near one side ; it excelled 
it in having that river bordered by picturesque cliffs and headlands, with the beau- 
tiful prairies south of it, and fringed along its course with noble forests. 

The aspects of Nature seem always to have influenced the character of its 
inhabitants, as Sir Walter Scott says of his homeland : 

"O Caledonia ! stern and wild, 
Meet nurse for a poetic child !" 

So we would reasonably look for poets along the course of North River. 

Up toward the northwest comer, along what is now known as the Stringtown 
road, there resided in the early '70s a band of brethren associated together in a 
Methodist class. The old reaper. Death, invaded the brotherhood and took one 
of them. One of the mourning brethren endeavored to partially express his 
appreciation of the departed one and his grief over their loss in a poem. It is 
written in the style and measure of Bryant's Thanatopsis. It is too long for 
reproduction here, but a copy of its concluding paragraph will give some idea 
of its character and its merits. It ranks high, considered as unprofessional work. 

So let us live, 

That when our pilgrimage on earth is done. 
And Time shall toll our summons to the skies. 
To tranquil pleasures of a purer realm 
We'll part in peace. Twill not be very long, 
'Til those who still survive us shall pursue 
The course we swiftly run. And soon again, 
We'll meet around the throne of God in heaven 
With all our loved ones who have gone before. 
To share the joys of everlasting life, 
And love immortal. 

— C. L. Harlan. 
Winterset, Iowa, June 11, 1872. 

About the year 1866, an appreciative observer of the scenery along the river, 
in the vicinity and above and below the Hogback, tried to express his apprecia- 
tion of that scenery in a little poem, so short that I will give a full copy. It is 
one of those 

"Jewels, that on the stretched forefinger of Time, 
Sparkle forever." 


Shall Bums sing the Afton, the Doon and the Ayr, 
And others less famous, sing rivers less fair. 
Yet thou, noble North River, still glide along 
Unmentioned in story, unhonored in song? 

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Shall landscape so lovely as seen from thy hills, 
And fountains so crystal as seek thee in rills, 
And prairies and woodlands so lovely as thine 
Call no sweeter muse to their service than mine ? 

Thy stream winds as clear, through a valley as fair, 
As either the Afton, the Doon or the Ayr, 
Yet thou art unhonored, while they are renowned. 
Wherever a lover of song can be found. 

No wonder that murmurs come up from thy tide, 
And seem all Hesperian poets to chide ; 
Such beauty still calling, yet calling in vain 
For merited praise, has right to complain. 

Sweet river, thy landscape is fair to behold ; 
Thy vale is so verdant, thy bluffs are so bold ; 
Thy woodlands abounding in cool, shady bowers ; 
Thy hill-points ascending in high rocky towers. 

From whose lofty summits, O, is it not grand. 
Thus sitting with pencil and paper in hand, 
To gaze on a scene so romantic and bold 
As never before was my lot to behold? 

Assist me, ye Muses ! O, swell your fair throats 
With your sweetest, your grandest, your loftiest notes ; 
I feel, but I fear I can never portray 
With justice, the grandeur of what I survey. 

Far northward, ascending till met by the sky 
Like uprising billows, the prairie lands lie, 
With here and there visible over their swells, 
A farm indicating where somebody dwells. 

While eastward and westward, and northward ascend 
The wood-covered hills, like a wall 'round the bend 
Where sweetly meanders thy cool stream along. 
Thou noble North River, fair theme of my song 

But now, the bright sun, sinking low in the west. 
No longer reflects from thy stream's silver breast ; 
Thy valley grows dark, and thy woods gather gloom ; 
So farewell, sweet stream, I must hie away home. 
(By George W. Seevers, Sr.) 

So in view of what I have written and what I have copied, I submit my 
claim that Douglas Township is, and of right ought to be, "The land of poetry." 

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Lincoln Township is bounded on the north by Douglas, on the south by 
Monroe, on the east by Scott and on the west by Webster. Middle River crosses 
through its territory from west to east a little north of the center. There were 
large bodies of heavy timber when the settlers first came and the supply of lime- 
stone and building stone is practically inexhaustible. Coal has been found crop- 
ping out of the bluffs along the banks of Middle River. In the center portion 
of the vicinity of Middle River the surface of the country is quite rough and 
broken, but in the southern and northern portions the prairies are beautiful 
and just rolling enough to make the most desirable farms. Numerous small 
streams a;id springs provide an abundance of fresh water for stock and all of 
the township is now occupied and under improvement, showing beautiful homes, 
substantial farm buildings and fences, bridges and well kept roads. 

Lincoln Township has a natural curiosity in the topographical feature of 
the locality, known as the ^'Devil's Backbone," a big formation of nature, about 
five miles west of Winterset on Middle River. This is a ^*high, rough rock ridge, 
so narrow that at the top there is only room for a wagon road. The Middle River 
running from east to west strikes the ridge, which is over two hundred feet above 
the water level and thence bears away in a circuitous route and some two or 
three miles further down its course bends around until it passes on the other 
side of the same deep, high ridge. From water to water directly through the 
ridge is less than one hundred feet. An early settler in that neighborhood, 
named John Harmon, together with his sons, tunneled the ridge through solid 
rock, occupying three years' time to do the work. They thus obtained a waterfall 
of twenty feet, making it the most desirable site for a mill in the western country. 
A large room has been made in the rock around the mill end of the race, making 
as delightful a bathing place as can be foimd anywhere. A large grist mill and 
sawmill has lately (1868) been erected at this point by Messrs. Wilkin & Com- 
pany. This 'backbone' is quite a curiosity and worth going a long distance 
to see." 

This township was settled as early as 1847, Absalom Thomburg, C. D. 
Wright and Daniel Vancil coming that year and settling in the timber along 
Middle River. James Bertholf and Elijah Perkins arrived early in 1849. Alexan- 
der Bertholf, his sons, Alexander, Zachariah, George and James, and Joshua 
Gentry and Rev. John Hootan, settled in the township in 185 1. It was not long 
thereafter when' William Harmon, a Mr. Skidmore and John Macumber con- 
tributed their presence and energies to the new settlement. 

Elijah Perkins was a native of New Hampshire, immigrated to Ohio when a 
young man, where he taught school for several years, and came to the State of 


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This house was built in the early '50s and was used as a station on 
the '^Underground Railway/' It was later used as a boarding house for 
the employees of White & Hunger's woolen factory which stood near by. 
It is well preserved and is still used as a residence. Many of these houses 
were built in the '50s and '60s in Madison County. 

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Iowa in 1848. Early in the year 1849 he located on section 14, in this township, 
on which he made many improvements. 

John Hootan was bom in Madison County, Kentucky, in 1805, removed to 
Indiana and from there to Madison Coimty, Iowa, in 1849. He removed his 
family here in 1850. Mr. Hootan was a Baptist minister, and it is said, always 
took off his coat to preach. He was rather eccentric in his habits and mode of 
dress. Tradition has it that he used wooden pins to hold up his suspenders and 
while on the platform walked back and forth, continuously haranguing his 
audience. During one sermon, so it is said, being much interested in his subject, 
the clergyman stepped off the platform with a jolt, but this did not break him 
of the acquired habit. 

David Halgarth came in 1850 and was one of the township's substantial 
farmers. He also was a member of Company F, Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry and 
served three years in the Civil war. 

Isaac Jessup first lived in Indiana and in 1849 settled in Warren County, 
Iowa, from whence he came in 1851 to this township. He was a member of the 
Fourth Iowa Infantry in the Civil war. When Mr. Jessup first came here he 
split rails for 25 cents per 100, paid 10 cents per pound for meat, and for eighteen 
months carried all his grain that was used in his family for breadstuff to mill 
on his back. 

Jacob Leinard left his home in Harrison County, Ohio, in 1852, and came to 
this township, where he secured 200 acres of land 2j^ miles southw^t of Win- 
terset. A daughter, Anna Christina, was united in marriage to Lewis Thomburg 
in 1855. 

John Brown came to the county from Ohio in 1854 and was one of the frugal 
and prosperous farmers of Lincoln Township. Along about this time Caleb 
Clark, who first settled in South Township in 1846, and in 1849 in Douglas, 
removed to this township on a farm near Winterset. 

In 185 1 E. G. Perkins entered 240 acres of land in Lincoln Township, which 
he partly improved and then returned to his home in New Hampshire. Six 
years thereafter he came back to the township and eventually removed to Jackson 
Township. He served the county as treasurer and recorder when the offices 
were combined, and was also a member of the board of supervisors. 

John Reed was a native of England and came to the county in 1855. He owned 
and operated a sawmill near the "Backbone." 

J. A. Macumber immigrated from Ohio in 1853 and became one of the large 
landowners of this township. 

James W. Evans was a settler as early as 1855. In 1858 he married Catherine 
J. Vancil. Mr. Evans died in 1874. 

J. F. Brock, who held the office of sheriff four years and was the incumbent 
of various township offices, settled in the county in 1856. He enlisted in the 
Thirty-ninth Infantry in 1862 and served during the war. 

T. Conard was a Holmes County, Ohio, man and in 1856 forsook the Buckeye 
State for Iowa and settled in Madison County. He was a member of the Thirty- 
ninth Iowa Infantry in the Civil war, serving three years. 

Samuel Duncan was a native of the State of New York, removing with his 
parents to Ohio, from there to Indiana and from the Hoosier State to Iowa in 

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1853, when he became a citizen of Madison County. He has held various Lincoln 
Township offices. 

The Lorimors, B. F. and A. W., were Ohioans who found Iowa a good place 
in which to live and raise tlieir families, hence the year 1856 found them located 
in this township. The Lorimor brothers for several years were the largest sheep 
men in the county. 

Benjamin Titcomb, a native of Maine, removed to Illinois and after a residence 
of ten years arrived in this county in October, 1854. He held various township 
offices and died in October, 1876. His son Otis enlisted in the First Iowa Bat- 
tery and died from disease contracted in the army in 1864. 

In a few years Lincoln Township had many substantial farmers, some of 
whom were before and others followed those last mentioned in this article. 
Among them were Joseph McKibben, Benjamin Hartsook, William Cameron, Dr. 
William L. Leonard, Nathan Newlon, George A. Beerbower, D. G. Martin, 
Samuel Gordon, Samuel Duncan, Isaac Hogle, John Huffman and C. Fink. 

No attempt has been made, because of its impossibility, to describe all the 
brave, industrious and worthy men and women who came to Lincoln Township 
in its early days and opened out and improved farms and began that great move- 
ment which has made the township and the county so well known for its fine 
farms, splendid homes, good schools and church buildings. But many of the 
names worthy of mention and not found here will be noticed on the pages of the 
second volume of this work. 

Lincoln Township at one time prided itself upon having within its borders 
a woolen mill, whose products found a ready market not only locally, but abroad. 
This industry was known as the Madison Woolen Mills and was established in 
1865 by J. T. White and N. W. Munger, the buildings being located on a spot 
iy2 miles west of Winterset, on the Council Bluffs road. These struc- 
tures were of stone, 40 by 50 feet, three stories high, with a wing 20 by 50, 
<:ontaining engine, boiler and dye room. In addition there was a two-story 
ware room 20 by 40, and a half dozen dwellings for operatives, altogether making 
a little village. The machinery was manufactured expressly for the mills and 
combined all improvements up to that time. All the rooms were heated by 
steam pipes connected with the boiler. The establishment furnished employment 
to twenty-five operatives and turned out annually 30,000 yards of woolen goods 
and large quantities of yams, consuming about sixty thousand pounds of wool. 


This church was organized about the middle of December, 1853, t)y Elder 
Irvin W. Gordon, at the log house of Joseph Brinson which stood on the south- 
east quarter of the southwest quarter of section 9, Lincoln Township. Those 
who united themselves together as a band of Christians on this occasion were: 
Irvin W. Gordon and wife, Sarah; Caleb Clark and wife, Ruth; William I. 
Gordon and wife, Sarah ; Joseph Brinson and wife, Rebecca ; Israel Miller and 
wife, Cynthia; William Bird and wife, Sarah; Nancy Jane Gordon, Martha 
Gordon, James Farris, Sr. Among those who preached for the congregation the 
first few years were Elders Washington Short, Gill, N. E. Corey, James Rhodes, 
J. P. Roach and Noah. Services were held the first years usually at the homes 

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of the members and occasionally in the old log courthouse, when not used by 

There is a church in the Ord neighborhood that is well attended. 


With the coming of Irvin Walton Gordon from Versailles, Indiana, who set- 
tled near the center of Lincoln Township, October 15, 1852, appeared the first 
distinctively musical aggregation in Madison County, for many years known all 
over this portion of the state as the Gordon String Band. Its first appearance 
before the general public was upon the occasion of the third celebration of July 
Fourth held in this county — July 4, 1853 — in a grove southeast of the square and 
close to Winterset, across the draw and next east of **Gospel Ridge." On this 
occasion the players and their parts were as follows : J. Newton Gordon, clarionet 
A ; I. William Gordon, violin ; Samuel A. Gordon, bass drum ; Jonathan Gordon, 
snare drum ; Jackson Porter and Reuben Hanna, violins ; Dr. J. H. Gaff, clarionet. 
Granville Bond, from Adel, was an all around helper in different parts, especially 
the violin. This band played at most of the important gatherings in Madison 
and adjoining counties during the '505 and even later on. During the year i860 
the first brass band was organized in the county at Winterset, by the Ayers 
Brothers, then in the drygoods business. The elder one was E. J. and the younger 
one Oliver C, who later enlisted in the Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry and was 
killed at Allatoona. This band had twelve pieces and its members were as follows r 
E. J. Ayers, leader ; Asbury Nosier, clerk of band ; John D. Holbrook, baritone ; 
Samuel G. Ruby, tuba ; Jerry Barker, tenor ; Hamilton Leisure, alto ; Oliver Ayers, 
B flat; E. J. Ayers, E flat; ** Yankee" Clark, E flat; Newton Gordon, E flat; 
William Holbrook, alto ; Charles Williams, alto ; Frank McLaughlin, E flat. This 
band continued doing business until E. J. Ayers removed in 1864; about then 
the band broke up. During all this time the Gordons were doing something with 
their string band at private entertainments and on public occasions. 

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This is one of the first townships created in the county and was first given 
the name of East Township, which was later changed, together with the boundary 
lines, to conform with the present limits and to follow the proportions of an 
exact congressional township. George W. McClain, John Carroll and Seth Adam- 
son were appointed by the Commissioners' Court trustees of the said newly 
created township, which as it now stands is bounded on the north by Lee, on 
the south by South, and on the west by Union townships. Warren County forms 
the east boundary line. North River, Middle River and Cedar Creek flow directly 
through Crawford Township from west to east and on all of these streams 
originally were large groves of timber. Limestone in moderate quantities and 
some coal are indigenous products. There is probably no region in the county 
better watered than this, as numerous springs and small streams abound, pro- 
viding the best of refreshments for stock and drainage of the land. The surface 
is more rough and rolling than any other township in the county, yet most of its 
land is susceptible of cultivation and throughout the township are some of the 
choicest farms in Madison County. 

It was to Crawford Township that Hiram Hurst, the first settler, was attracted 
and here he set up his stakes for a permanent settlement on the ist day of April, 
1846, rehabilitating an old bark wick-i-up left partially standing by an Indian, 
its last inhabitant. That spring and summer he planted and cultivated a small 
patch of com and in the fall returned to his home in Buchanan County, Missouri, 
for his family, which he brought back with him to his new home and settled on 
section 36. As the first settler in the county, the name Hurst stands out inter- 
estingly and significantly, so that considerable space has been devoted to the 
history of Madison's pioneer. Those interested may be fully informed by revert- 
ing to the chapter entitled Madison's Advance Guard of Civilization. 

The next person known to have settled in Crawford Township and who 
became a permanent settler was Thomas Cason, who bought the Hurst claim on 
section 36, in July, 1847, ^"d took up his residence there. J. J. Cason was a 
member of his family. The Casons immigrated from Indiana and when Thomas 
chose the Hurst place for his future home he had two sons, W. T. and T. T. Cason. 
The latter was bom in 1837 and the former in 1843. Both boys remained on the 
old homestead for many years and became important citizens of the township. 

J. B. McGinnis, Thomas Stewart, William Weakley, Jacob Kinkannon, 
Jackson Nelson and George Salisbury were here as early as 1851 and the widow 
Shreves and sons, John, Jonathan and Jonah, became citizens of the township in 

Oliver Crawford arrived here in 1852, coming from the State of Ohio with 
his family. It was in honor of Mr. Crawford that the township received its 


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name. Both he and his wife have long since passed away, leaving the following 
children : Mary J., Sarah A., Robert J., Elizabeth E., Maria T., William W. and 
Charles S. Crawford. 

James Gillaspie, still living and a resident of Patterson, was bom in County 
Londonderry, Ireland, in the year 1830, emigrated to the United States in 1852, 
and to this county in 1856. Mr. Gillaspie recently prepared a history of the 
Irish settlements in Lee and Crawford townships, and as both these divisions of 
the county were largely made up of the Irish race, Mr. Gillaspie*s relation of 
his people's migration to this land of plenty and prosperity finds an interesting 
place at the close of this chapter. 

Thomas W. Folwell was a shoemaker who left Holmes County, Ohio, in 
the fall of 1 85 1 and located in Winterset, where he followed his trade 4>4 
years and then located on section 20, where he for many years cultivated 
the soil, improved his farm and lived as onp of the important citizens of the 
community. One son, John M., died in the army, while a member of the Fifteenth 
Iowa Infantry. 

Michael Loftus was born in Ireland in 1817, married Bridget McGloon in 
1845 ^^d two years after immigrated to Canada. In 1855 he came to Madison 
County and located in Crawford Township and raised a large family of children. 

Patrick Swift came to New York from Ireland in 1848 and remained there 
until 1856, when he settled in this county and acquired several hundred acres of 

S. E. Shannon came to the county in the fall of 1855 and married Mary E. 
Hughart in the fall of 1865. Shannon was a member of Company B, First 
Iowa Cavalry, and served three years in the Civil. war with honor to his name. 

Among those who came later than the above mentioned and identified them- 
selves with the stability and prosperity of the township may be mentioned, as 
far as possible by name, Aaron Howell, John Holton, George Blosser, John and 
Ephraim Potter, Elvis Stout, Jonah Shreves, J. M. Huglin. 

James and Abner Bell were settlers here at an early date, and "the latter, a 
large, imposing and vigorous man of four score years, still lives in the locality 
of his first trials and triumphs.*' 

The Hardy schoolhouse east of Patterson received its name from one of the 
early families living in that vicinity. 

One of the largest landowners in Crawford Township in the latter '50s was 
Aaron Howell, who had a farm of over nine hundred acres under cultivation. 
He came to the township in 1855 with but a few hundred dollars in his pocket, 
but by economy, perseverance and diligence became one of the richest farmers 
in Madison County. 

One of the early millers in Crawford Township was J. M. Huglin, who had 
a grist and sawmill on Middle River, where he did a large business. About this 
time the firm of Carson & McDowell also had a steam sawmill on the river. 

The Adamson schoolhouse was located and built on section 35 in the early 
'50s. Among the pupils were Tom, Bill, Calista atid Elizabeth Cason; Mills, 
Solomon and a daughter of the Adamsons; Jesse, Rebecca, Mercy, Abner D. 
and Martha, children of Rev. Henry A. Bell; William, Sanford, Permelia and 
another maiden of the John M. Johns family ; Milton, Lorenzo Dow, William, 
Jr., and a daughter, all belonging to William Smith ; John, Malcolm, Abbott and 

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a little girl, children of David Worley. A. A. Moser taught this school, which 
was held about the winter of 1852 or 1853. 


By James Gillaspie 

Lee and Crawford townships were largely settled- by natives of the Emerald 
isle. The history of this hardy and thrifty people, who came into the wilderness, 
made for themselves homes in this new world and contributed to its prosperity, was 
tersely related by one of them, James Gillaspie, in a carefully prepared paper, 
for the Madison County Historical Society, in March, 1907. Mr. Gillaspie was 
bom in Ireland in the year 1830 and immigrated to this country in 1852, landing 
in New York City. In the early part of the year 1856 he found his way to 
Madison County and settled in Crawford Township. Here he took up a residence 
and it was in this old homestead he wrote the history of the Irish families of 
Lee and Crawford. Mr. Gillaspie was true to his adopted country in the hours 
of her peril and in 1864 enlisted in Company A, Sixteenth Iowa Infantry, serving 
until the close of hostilities between the two sections of the Union at strife. He 
returned home and in course of time filled most of the important offices of his 
community. This worthy son of "Ould Erin" lived a long and useful life in 
Crawford Township and gained the esteem of a large circle of friends and 
acquaintances. Now for the story : 

The first settlers did not come here, as some suppose, by any preconcerted 
plan, in order to form a settlement, nor were they lately landed from Ireland. 
They were men of families for the most part who had lived for several years 
in other states of the Union. Some were farmers before coming to Iowa and 
some followed other occupations of life. Iowa being then a new state, and its 
lands to be had at Government price, many sold their possessions in other states 
in order to better their conditions in Iowa. As Des Moines was about to become 
the capital of the state, it was but to be expected that immigration would flow 
to the capital, and as the lands within several miles of Des Moines were nearly all 
owned and held by eastern speculators, people wishing to purchase farms were 
compelled to scatter out from that city. So the first Irish families liking the 
looks of the country, located in what is known as the Irish Settlement. This 
settlement consists of two townships in Warren County, as well as the townships 
of Lee and Crawford in Madison County. But for the purpose of this article, I 
confine myself to the Irish settlers who located in Madison County prior and 
up to i860. I will begin with Crawford Township and give the names of those 
who settled north of North River, the year they came, as far as possible, and 
also as far as I know, where they came from directly to Iowa. They are as 
follows : 

Andrew Connor and family in 1854 or earlier; came from Wisconsin; is now 
dead ; father of Stephen and John Connor of Crawford, and Michael, of Lee. 

Patrick and John McManus in 1854, from Wisconsin. Patrick is dead; 
family moved away. John's family moved from here. 

John McLaughlin and family in 1854. John came from Wisconsin and was 
the father of Michael McLaughlin, of Lee, and John, of Winterset. He has been 
dead many years. • 

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John Ryan and family, brothers and sisters, in 1855, from Wisconsin. Mr. 
Ryan has been dead many years. He was the father of John and William Ryan 
of this place. The son, John, is now dead but his family lives here. 

John Fallon and family came from Pennsylvania in 1855, I believe. John 
died here many years ago and his family moved west. 

John Cunningham and family came from Wisconsin in 1855. Mr. Cunning- 
ham died a few years ago ; father of Joseph and P. J. of this place. 

Tom, James and John Finan, brothers, came in 1855, from Wisconsin ; owned 
a sawmill north of North River; also farmed; sold out and moved west. Each 
of the Finans had families. 

John Connor and family came in 1855 from Wisconsin, I think. After a 
few years he sold out and moved away. 

John Manion and wife came from Wisconsin in 1856; sold farm and moved 
to Des Moines. 

John Roddy and family about 1856; sold out and went to Des Moines after 
a few years. 

John Monaghan and family from Wisconsin in 1855; Mr. Monaghan is dead 
and his family moved away. 

We now come to the Irish who lived in Crawford Township south of North 
River : 

Darby Gill and family in 1855 from Canada, I think. Mr. Gill is dead; some 
of his family have died ; some live in Warren County and some in Polk. 

Michael Donohue and family in 1855. He is dead and family moved away. 

James Gallagher and family in 1855 from Canada; he is dead. His son, 
James F., lives in Des Moines; his son Dominick's family live on the old farm. 

Pat Swift came in 1855; he is dead and his family is gone. 

Frank Cassidy and family came in 1855 from New York City; he is dead and 
two of his sons went West. Mrs. M. McLaughlin, of Lee Township, is his 
daughter, and two other daughters live in Des Moines. 

Patrick Smith and family came from New York City. Mr. Smith came in 
1855 and bought his farm, and his wife and children came in 1856. Mr. and 
Mrs. Smith are dead ; they were the parents of Luke A. Smith of this place, and 
John H. Smith, of Winterset. 

Thomas McGarr came from New York City in 1855; remained three or 
four years, then went to California, where it is believed he died, unmarried. 

James Gillaspie came here from New York City in the spring of 1856, accom- 
panied by his wife and other relatives; he is still living on the old home farm. 

Charles Walls and family came in 1856; bought and sold four or five farms; 
lived here until 1874, then returned to New York City. He is long in his grave. 

John Harrington and family came in 1856 from New York City. After 
living here about thirty-five years he traded his farm for Des Moines property. 
He is dead; his son, Matthew Harrington, is living in Des Moines. 

John Crawley and family came from New York City in 1856; lived on a farm 
for several years and died. His family sold the farm and moved to Cass County, 
where some of them are still living. 

Michael Loftus and family came here from Canada in 1857. Mr. Loftus 
died several years ago; his son Mike and several of his daughters are still resi- 
dents of this place. 

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Michael McGlone and family came from Canada in 1857 ; he is dead and his 
widow and son Martin still live on the farm. 

James Kirby and family came here in 1856 from Pennsylvania; Mr. and 
Mrs. Kirby are dead ; their son, John F., and daughter, Maggie, live on the old 
farm; William and James, two other sons, live near on farms of their own. 
Since writing the foregoing William has died. 

Patrick Reilly and family came here in 1855 from Canada. He is dead. The 
farm was sold a few years ago. His son, Patrick, and two daughters, all married, 
live in Des Moines, and another son,- John, lives in Iowa, east of Des Moines. 
Later, John and family moved to Des Moines. 

Darby Carr and family came in 1855; he died; the family after several years 
moved to Des Moines. 

Thomas OToole and family came here in i860 from Des Moines; sold his 
farm a few years ago and removed to Omaha, Nebraska. Now deceased. 

Thomas Durigan and family came here in 1858; lived here for several years, 
then moved across the line into Warren County, where he died. Some of the 
Durigan family are still living in Iowa but not on the old farm. 

John McDonnell and family came in i860 from Wisconsin. Mr. McDonnell 
sold his farm a few years ago and moved to Nebraska, where he died. His son, 
Dennis, lives in Crawford Township and Thomas in Des Moines. 

John Cutler, an early settler in Warren County, settled in this township in 
the early '50s with his family. 

William Kennedy and family came here in 1856 from Philadelphia and after 
living here for many years moved to California where he died. Mrs. Robert 
Smith, of South' Township, is one of his daughters. 

Anderson McLees and family came here in 1856 from Philadelphia. He died 
a few years ago in Winterset. John McLees, his son, lives in Lincoln Township ; 
William McLees lives in North Dakota. 

Robert McMichael came from Pennsylvania in 1855 or 1856. He died a few 
years later. His brother, William, came on the farm. 


Patterson lies on the southwest quarter of section 29, Crawford Township, 
and was laid out by A. W. Wilkinson, surveyor, for Alexander Pattison, March 
5, 1872. The intent of the owner was to name the town Pattison, but the name 
was misspelled when the plat was filed for record and that accounts for it being 
as it is. The town lies something Over seven miles east of Winterset on the Des 
Moines branch of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad, and has a popula- 
tion of about 150. About the year 1890 it had grown in population to the number 
of 133 and at the next census, in 1900, there were 163 in the town; so that, by 
the last enumeration, it can be seen that the town has not progressed in the number 
of its inhabitants. However that may be, it is a good trading point and ships 
large numbers of cattle and hogs annually. 

The first lot in the town was bought in April, 1872, by L. C. Doane. S. B. 
Catterlin built the first house and a short time thereafter erected a store building, 
installed a stock of goods, bought in Winterset, and became the pioneer merchant 
of the place. He kept a general store and for a while conducted a large business. 
Some time later he took into partnership Henry Griffin. 

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As soon as the town had been laid out, H. H. Bass opened a lumber yard 
and shortly thereafter John W. Ellis had a drug store in operation. Then came 
Doctor Dorman, who practiced his profession here for some time. It was not long 
before W. C. Henry put up an elevator, which was later destroyed by fire. Then 
came Robert McDowell and his son, Newton, who were the first carpenters in the 
town, and about the same time A. C. Dutton opened up a blacksmith shop. 

John Stiffler opened a hardware store about 1873. 

In 1877 the Eureka Flour Mill was erected by Alexander Pattison and Thomas 
Fox. It was a two-story frame, with basement, had four run of stone, with a 
patent process, and cost about $6,000. The mill was later operated by Pattison & 
Bell, and in 1880 was destroyed by fire. 

The first agent for the railroad company was H. H. Bass. He was succeeded 
by Alexander Pattison, and for the past twenty-six years T. H. Debord has been 
in charge of the company's affairs at this point. 

The first schoolhouse was built about 1874. It is a frame structure with two 
rooms and was taught by Thomas J. Ross, principal, and Byrum Bird. Some 
years later, as the town grew and mc^re space became necessary, an addition was 
built to the structure so as to provide for three rooms and the same number of 
teachers. The school is now graded and is an independent district. 

The Methodist Episcopal Church organization was an appointment on the St. 
Charles Circuit until about 1907. The building, a frame, was erected in 1872 at a 
cost of $1,600. This gave way to a new frame house of worship in the winter 
of 1914, which was built at a cost of $4,000. It was dedicated early in the year 
1915. The pastors of this church since the change from the St. Charles Circuit 
have been Rev. E. Durant, who served one year ; Reverend Rusk, one year ; Arthur 
Eastman, two years, and the present pastor, Rev. F. V. Warner, who has been 
in charge the past three years. 

Somewhere in the '80s a Christian Church was established here. A house of 
worship was erected and for some time the society had quite a large membership, 
but the original members mostly are all gone and no regular pastor has been 
engaged for some time. Occasionally, services are held in the church by a min- 
ister from Winterset. 

The Baptists were established here and built a church at about the same time 
as the Methodists. They had a large congregation which has dwindled, away 
until the society is no longer locally intact. Some time ago the building was sold 
to the lodge of Modem Woodmen, which was organized about the year 1885. The 
Odd Fellows also have a lodge here and owned their own building, which was 
burned down about 1902. They now meet in the Woodmen Hall. 

Patterson was incorporated October 27, 1877, and at its first election placed 
the following named persons in office: C. E. Sampson, mayor; J. W. Ellis, clerk 
and treasurer; John Stewart, marshal; Alexander Pattison, A. B. Wilder, H. 
Gratner, James M. Lee, Henry Brown and G. V.- Wright, councilmen. 


Bevington is also a business point in Crawford Township and a part is in 
Warren County. It has a population of about one hundred and twenty-five. It is 
twelve miles east of Winterset, on the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad, and 

Vol. 1-20 

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is located on the south part of the east half of the northeast quarter of section 25. 
It was laid out on the 19th day of March, 1872, by A. W. Wilkinson, surveyor, for 
John Williamson, owner of the land, and was named in honor of Dr. C. D. Bev- 
ington, one of the leading citizens of Winterset. The first house built in the town 
was erected by C. Haight in 1872. It afterwards became known as the Bevington 
House. That same fall Felix McManus erected a building and opened a gen- 
eral merchandise store. 

The town is an independent school district, has one teacher and a good f ramf 
school building. 

Shortly after the town was established the Methodists organized a society 
and erected a frame church building, but for some years past the organization 
has not flourished and the church has remained idle for religious purposes. 

The Bevington Bank, a private concern, was organized in 1897, by James 
Watt, L. J. Klemm, J. C. O'Donnell, Jerry Sullivan and Dr. T. F. Kelleher. The 
officials were : James Watt, president ; L. J. Klemm, vice president ; J. C. O'Don- 
nell, cashier; J. O. Stamen, assistant cashier. J. P. Laughlin has been manager 
of the bank since July, 1909. 

Middle River Camp, No. 680, M. W. A., was instituted March 26, 1891, First 
officers : T. J. Jones, V. C. ; M. Armstrong, W. A. ; J. G. Huglin, B. ; Zach Turpin, 

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Walnut Township was formed out of a part of South in 1851 and as originally 
constituted included the territory of Monroe, Grand River and parts of Webster, 
Lincoln, Ohio and Scott townships. The township is bounded on the north 
by Scott, on the south by Clarke County and on the east and west by Ohio and 
Monroe townships respectively. This region is thoroughly well drained by the 
two branches of Clanton Creek, which unite within its limits. There is plenty of 
timber along the streams and an abundant supply of limestone. The surface is 
rough and uneven in places but the first and second bottoms of Clanton Creek 
furnish unsurpassed farming land. The soil is a rich dark loam and yields 
large crops of com, wheat, oats, hay, potatoes and other products indigenous 
to this latitude. On Clanton Creek, about a mile and a half east of Peru, is a 
peculiarly shaped high ridge of ground known as "Hog's Back,'* which is some- 
what similar to the ''DeviFs Backbone," mentioned in another chapter. It is a steep 
bluff about one hundred and twenty-five feet high and three- fourths of a mile long. 
Clanton Creek courses along one side of the ridge and a small stream on the other. 
This high formation is composed mostly of limestone rock and a peculiar reddish 
clay, which is often spoken of as **paint clay." 

From data now at hand it is determined that the first persons to settle in 
Walnut Township were John Mars and Tom Carr, who it is said furnished 
meat to settlers who came later, from hogs running wild at that time, which 
was probably about the early part of 1848. These hogs, it is presumed, strayed 
away from the herds of Mormon emig^nts passing through Union County on 
their way to Salt Lake. 

The first permanent settlers were the lams families. Moses lams located in 
the township in 1848 and William Guthrie came the same year. Hugh and Jasper 
lams came in 1849; Michael in 1852; Isaac and M. lams settled on the prairie 
southwest of Brooklyn in the latter year. They knew the Guibersons in Holmes 
County, Ohio. William Davis, who came to be known as "Black Hawk" Davis, 
was a brother-in-law of Moses lams. 

John Guiberson settled south of the Clanton in 1849 and laid out the town 
of Brooklyn. Isaac Bird, a native of Virginia, married Susanna Williams in the 
State of Ohio and in 185 1 came here and entered 150 acres of land from the 

William Guthrie, already mentioned, left Madison County, Ohio, in 1849, 
and spent the winter in Mahaska County, Iowa. He located in this township 
in the following spring and took up a claim on section 34, where he lived many 
years and became one of the stanch citizens of the community. 

Isaac Reager immigrated from Indiana in 1847 ^"^ while at Burlington, Iowa, 


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married Mary Sutherland. In 1853 he moved to Madison County and located 
on section 5, in Walnut Township. 

Samuel Walker was one of the early settlers of this township, coming in the 
winter of 1852-3. At the time he had for his neighbors Allen McClure, John 
Guiberson, William Rhyno and Joseph Burdick. Mr. Walker has been wont to 
relate that when he arrived in the township, the few settlers that were here held 
church at each others homes, and at times were gratified by the expounding of 
the gospel according to one Rev. Swearengen. John Guiberson was a local 
preacher and often held forth at the homes of his neighbors. 

The Smiths, of whom there were quite a number, became residents of Walnut 
Township in 1854. There was J. W. Smith with his parents, John and Rebecca 
Smith; also O. F. Smith, T. P. Smith, J. H. Smith, N. M. Smith, W. C. Smith 
and a girl, M. E. Smith. 

At the time of the advent of the Smith family to this community, there were 
then living here Allen McClure, John Guiberson, a Mr. Painter, Joseph Burdick, 
Doc McGuire and Job Smith and uncle, John Smith, who lived with him during 
the winter of 1854-55. There was also S. M. Walker. These families are all 
that lived east and south of the Clanton. 

With Isaac Reager, when he came in 1853, were Daniel Baker, wife and two 
children and John Baker and wife, Margaret. They settled on the homestead now 
owned by the Baker estate. 

Aaron Hiatt, who founded old Peru, a North Carolinian, left his Indiana 
farm in the spring of 185 1 and settled in Oskaloosa, where he married his second 
wife. In October of that year, Mr. Hiatt with his bride, located on section 3 
in this township. He passed away a few years ago at the age of eighty-eight. 

Benjamin F. Brown was one of the early settlers, coming in 1851. In 1853 
he started with Aaron Hiatt in the management of a sawmill near Peru. A few 
years later he turned his attention to farming on his place adjoining old Peru. 
In 1873 he removed to Redfield, Iowa, where he erected a large flouring mill 
which is still in operation and later went to Camas, Washington, where he ended 
his days. • 

Nathaniel Foster, of the Buckeye State, located on section 6, in 1854. 

Lewis Mease settled in the township in the spring of 1857, and Marsha Cor- 
nelison in 1858. Nicholas Schoenenberger was here as early as 1855. 

Other early settlers who came in the '50s were Jacob Brown, brother of 
Benjamin F. Brown, James Emerson, the Marshalls, John Emerson, the McClures, 
Drakes, Burdicks, Alexander Lorimor, who built the first steam sawmill in the 
township ; the Hiltons, Fivecoats, Flanigans, Paul Jones, Tiltons and Fowlers. 

In May, 1855, William (Black Hawk) Davis, county surveyor, platted the 
Town of Brooklyn, on section 14, for John Guiberson, and soon thereafter Gui- 
berson opened a general store at the place. A man by the name of Mills from 
Indianola also had a small store there for a while. Leo Nunn set up a black- 
smith shop in the hamlet. (See article on postoffices.) 

Of Methodism in Walnut Township, Isaac Reager, one of the founders of the 
society in this locality, prepared in 1905 the following interesting details: 

"In the spring of 1855 ^Y wife and self, with Ransom Bishop and wife, 
arranged to have meetings on Sundays every two weeks, at our homes turn about. 
Meetings were conducted most of the time by exhorters. The preacher in charge 

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of the Winterset mission, Rev. Richard Swearengen, preached occasionally. In 
the latter part of August, 1855, Reverend Swearengen formally organized the 
society into a class. According to the records, sixteen members united with the 
church on that day, of which the following are the names of those now living: 
Mrs. Jane Gregory, of Bethel; Mrs. Fanny Baker, of Winterset; Mrs. Polina 
Vorse, of Ringgold County; Mrs. Rachel Reager, of Norcatur, Kansas, and 
myself. Those that have died are as follows: Joseph Quinn and wife, Mary 
Quinn, James Quinn, William Quinn, Elizabeth Bishop, Andrew Reager and 
wife, Joseph Reager, Hamilton Reager and Abram Compton. All these lived 
Christian lives, died in the faith and we have no doubt are now among the 
redeemed. The society was known as the Reager society, or class, with Isaac 
Reager as classleader. Since that time it has gone through many changes of 
names and location. When organized it was in the Winterset mission. That 
fall at the Iowa Conference two circuits were formed out of the mission — the 
Winterset and the Brooklyn circuit — with Joel Mason as preacher in charge. 

"In 1856 a schoolhouse was built and a Sabbath school organized and the 
place of meeting moved there and called the Pleasant Grove class, thus relieving 
Sisters Bishop and Reager of the responsibility of having it in their homes, which 
they had done for a year without a complaint, doing all they could for the 
cause of God. In 1881 we purchased the Adventist Church in Peru and moved 
the society into it, and changed the name to Peru class. In 1885 we built a new 
church and the railroad soon after came along and built the Town of East Peru. 
In 1894 the church was moved to East Peru, where it now stands, and the name 
of the society was changed to East Peru. The annex of the building was added 
in 1898. During this time many changes have been made in the circuit. As 
before stated, it was organized as the Brooklyn circuit, with Joel Mason as pastor 
and J. B. Hardy as presiding elder. Brother Hardy is still living and is an 
honored superannuated minister of the Iowa Conference. In 1867 the name 
was changed to Ohio circuit. In the fall of 1885 it was changed to Peru. In the 
fall of 1894 it was changed to Truro and in 1895 to East Peru. The East Peru 
class now numbers 130 members. 

"The names of the pastors in their regular order are as follows : Joel Mason, 
Thomas Dixon, J. B. Rawls, John M. Baker, M. Sheets, Charles Wolsey, William 
Abraham, Israel Mershon, A. A. Powers, E. A. Winning, D, B. Clarg, S. W. 
Milligan, R. J. Davis, J. R. Ferguson, B. F. Shetterly, J. G. Bourne, S. N. 
Mathena, S. W. Milligan (second time), J. D. Funk, H. J. Smith, B. F. Shetterly 
(second time), D. B. Clarg (second time), G. W. Patterson, W. F. Hestwood, 
H. C. Preston, Simpson Guire, G. W. Patterson (second time), G. L. McDougal, 
W. C. Smith, A. V. Nepper, J. M. O'Fling, R. R. Grantham, Paul Gardiner, 
Ed. Nolte, John Branson, William M. Blood, Charles C. Wilkins, W. W. Williams. 
This makes about thirty-eight pastors we have had; there have been nineteen 
presiding elders since our organization, four of these while we were yet in the 
Iowa Conference." 


The old Town of Peru* was laid out on the i8th day of April, 1855, by Sim- 
mons Rutty, surveyor, for Aaron Hiatt, and for some time was quite a busy 

* See Chapter on *'Lost and Forgotten Towns." 

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little trading point, having a couple of general stores, a blacksmith shop and 
school and church close by. Nothing now remains but the schoolhouse and a 
few dwellings, as the hamlet was forsaken, for business purposes, when the 
railroad was built a mile south of it and the new town of East Peru was founded. 

East Peru was iaid out December 6, 1887, by R. A. Patterson, surveyor, for 
William H. See, owner of the land, and is located on the north half of section 
II, in Walnut Township. It stands on the north bank of Clanton Creek, on the 
Chicago, St. Paul & Kansas City (Chicago Great Western) Railroad, and to the 
north is a stretch of superb farming lands, under a high state of cultivation. 
Peru is one of the best shipping points in the county, and has a good graded 
school and two churches. Close by, to which a spur of the railroad extends, is 
a spkndid quarry, equipped with machinery and appliances of the latest devices, 
from which is taken vast quantities of stones for building and other purposes. 
The town has several general stores, hardware, furniture, drug and meat estab- 
lishments, a blacksmith shop, livery stable, hotel, garage, cement and tile works, 
implement and harness stores, telephone exchange, restaurant, elevator, lumber- 
yard and a very neat and comfortable depot. 

East Peru was duly incorporated and now has a population of about 400. 
When it was laid out there were three houses on the site. It is said that James 
Harwood was the first one to engage in business, having a stock of general mer- 
chandise. H. C. Wright opened a general store soon after. The school building 
— a frame — was erected about the year 1906. The school is graded and employs 
three teachers. The history of the churches is given elsewhere. 

For a new town East Peru is quite advanced. In the summer of 1913, F. A. 
Herwehe established and built an electric light plant, which he sold to L. F. 
Clifton in October, 1914. This utility was a small aflfair, costing about $1,500, 
and built as an experiment. The present owner is convinced the improvement can 
be made permanent and profitable, and with this view in mind has made expensive 
additions and alterations to the machinery. 

The Peru Savings Bank is a solid financial institution, which came into being 
when the Bank of East Peru, a private concern, was established in 1899, by Wil- 
liam Fennimore, J. S. Emerson and William Painter. About 1900 Painter sold 
his interest to the remaining partners and a year later, or two or three years later, 
Fennimore sold to Emerson, who continued operations until December i, 1910, 
when the Peru Savings Bank was organized and established under the laws of 
the State of Iowa, by William Deardorflf, E. C. Zimmerman, F. M. Beeler, W. A. 
Harwood, J. L. Harwood, John Schoenenberger, Edgar Harrell, N. W. Oglesbee 
and R. E. Phillips. The officials are : President, W. H. Deardorff ; vice president, 
J. L. Harwood; cashier, E. C. Zimmerman; assistant cashier, L. M. Delaplain. 
Capital, $10,000; undivided profits, $4,500; deposits, $82,275. 

Hazel Lodge, No. 573, A. F. & A. M., was organized June 6, 1901, with 
R. A. Greene, worshipful master; J. F. Deardorff, senior warden; A. C. 
Creger, junior warden. Maple Leaf Lodge, No. 577, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, was organized in October, 1903, by Henry Smith, P. S. Todhunter, 
W. P. Benge, G. W. Finley, J. J. Spurgin, who were also the first officials. 
Modem Woodmen, Walnut Camp, No. 2691, was established on the 19th of 
January, 1895, with fifteen members, and the Woodmen of the World, East 
Peru Camp, No. 380, was organized January 6, 1911, with eleven members. An 

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auxiliary lodge, the Woodmen Circle, Walnut Grove, No. iii, was organized 
July 7, 191 1, by Emma L. Foster, Hattie M. Lilley, Cora Inez Dowler, Augusta 
L. Thomsen, Ila Hiatt, Martha Ergenbright, Anna Gillian, Velma M. White, Anna 
White, Lena Garst, Josie Johnson and John W. Carver. 


By Fred Beeler, in 1908 

Of the old settlers, a few of them are still living in Walnut Township in 
the enjoyment of well earned fortunes they founded in the early times, but 
the greater part of them have passed away, and others, in the nature of things, 
will not long survive. Several are in the South and West, where they are all 
playing the part of pioneers, feut wherever they may be, and whatever fate 
may betide them, it is but truth to say that they were excellent men and women 
as a class, and have left deep and enduring impression on Walnut Township and 
Madison County. They built better than they knew ; they were men and women 
of energy and activity, invariably poor, but brave-hearted, and few long remained 
poor, doubtless owing to the fact they lived within their means, however limited, 
and the result was prosperity and contentment. With always a cordial welcome 
to their fireside and table for the stranger, yet for several years these pioneers 
lived under great privations and discouragement. In years gone it was noticeable 
with what affection the pioneers spoke of their log cabins, and it may be doubted 
whether palaces ever sheltered happier hearts than those lonely cabins. They 
were made of logs, notched together at the comers, ribbed with poles and covered 
with clapboards. A puncheon floor was then laid down, a hole cut in the end 
of the structure and a stick chimney run up. A clapboard door was built and 
a window was made by cutting a hole in the side or end, about sixteen or eighteen 
inches square and finished without glass. Logs were then chinked with mud made 
of top soil. 

The first white settlers in Walnut Township were John Mars and Tom Carr, 
who, it is said, furnished to settlers who came later on, meat from hogs running 
wild here at the time. It was claimed the hogs got away from the Mormon emi- 
grants passing through Union County on their way to Salt Lake and strayed 
to this locality. Among the next, and we might say permanent settlers, were 
Aaron and Jesse Hiatt, Ben and Jacob Brown, who built the first water mill 
across Clanton; James Emerson, the Marshalls, Rhynos, John Guiberson, Mc- 
Clures, Drakes, Burdicks, the five brothers, Elijah, Job, Thomas, John and William 
Smith, and their venerable parents. 

Grandfather and Grandmother Walker, as they were familiarly called, with 
their three sons, S. M., William and J. V. Walker, Ben Roberts, Alex Lorimor, 
who built the first steam sawmill in the township ; the Hiltons, Fivecoats, Flani- 
gans, McGuires, Paul Jones, Levi Mease, Tiltons, Fowlers, Isaac Reager, Dan 
Baker, were also among the early settlers. 

The first county bridge in Walnut Township, across Clanton, was built in 
1863 or 1864, near where Austin Reed now lives. There had been a number of 
so-called bridges of logs constructed across this stream. They were covered 
with poles and had puncheon floors. When the freshets came they were certain 

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to be washed away. But at that time the streams were much narrower than now 
and we had no difficulty in securing trees along the banks to reach across them. 
And that calls to mind the majestic trees which at that time graced each side or 
bank of our water courses, black and white walnut, three kinds of elms, hard and 
soft maple, hackberry, hickory, ash and the stately white and yellow cottonwood ; 
linn, commonly called basswood, and also the buckeyes, which caused the early 
settler any amount of grief, both in early spring and fall, as the cattle while brows- 
ing in the fall would eat the buckeyes and founder on them, and not infrequently 
the result would prove fatal. 


Barney is a hamlet and station on the Great Western Railroad. It was laid 
out in May, 1887, by R. A. Patterson, county surveyor, for Alexander Macumber, 
and is located on section 31. The place has a store, shops and a church — the 
Christian. Close by is a school. It has a postoffice, with one rural route. (See 
chapter on postoffices.) 

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A recent writer described Webster Township as "having a schoolhouse on 
every hillside, four churches and no railroads or saloons in the valley. It is 
a delightful country to travel over when the clay hills are macadamized by the 
sun and a good community to visit in when the people are not too busy." This 
division of the county is bounded on the west by Adair County, on the east by 
Lincoln Township, on the north by Jackson and on the south by Grand River. 
The surface is rough and broken but fine stone for building purposes and the 
manufacture of lime is found here in abundance. Originally it had a very fine 
grove of timber and the stone along Middle River is almost inexhaustible. The 
stream just mentioned crosses the township almost diagonally from the northwest 

As far as is now known, the first person to settle here was John H. Baugh. 
He was bom in Madison County, Kentucky, and immigrated with his parents to 
Hendricks County, Indiana, in 1830, where he remained until 1849. Upon coming 
here, he entered land on section 12, and remained there a great many years, 
where he raised a family of five children and became prosperous. 

Other arrivals in the township soon thereafter were Thomas Wright, L. D. 
Skidmore, Dexter Howard, James Harmon, Patrick Lorge, John Vancil, Otho 
Davis, J. R. Drake and A. M. Hart. 

Another contingent made up the early settlers' roll as follows : O. H. Smith, 
Cass Shaw, F. M. Walker, Adam Krell, H. G. Milligan, John Schnellbacher, 
Henry Wissler, J. H. Krell, Joshua Aikins, Joseph Steele, E. M. Richmond, 
Charles Gaynor and the Orrises. Most of these persons mentioned have either 
passed to the beyond or have moved away. 

Otho Davis, a native of Pennsylvania, immigrated to Jefferson County, this 
state, in 1839, and to Madison County in 1850. He laid out the Town of Webster 
and settled in the township in 1856. He was for many years postmaster at 
Webster. He was elected treasurer and recorder in October, 1850. 

Dexter Howard was a native of New York. He immigrated to Illinois and 
from there to Madison County in 1853, becoming a citizen of Webster Township. 

Andrew Johnson was bom in Indiana in 181 1 and came to Madison County 
in 1857, settling in Webster Township, where he raised a large family. 

F. M. McAflferty was a settler of 1855. He enlisted in the Twenty-ninth 
Iowa Infantry in 1862 and served until the close of the Civil war. 

G. H. Milligan came here from Indiana in 1856 and found here E. A. Pindell, 
who had preceded him from Brown County, Ohio, in 1854. 

One of the frugal and industrious farmers of this township was S. Pope, who 
immigrated to Iowa and settled here in 1857. 


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P. M. Rhoads became a settler in Madison County in 1855. He enlisted in 
the Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry and during the Civil war served three years. 
John Schnellbacher was a good farmer and an equally good preacher. He 
immigrated from Germany to this country in 1841, first stopping in Ohio, where 
he married Fredericka Meyer in 1845. There he was licensed as a local preacher 
by the Evangelical Association and in 1850 was taken into the conference and 
assigned to the traveling ministers in mission work. This brought him to Madison 
County in 1855, when he located on a Webster Township farm of 240 
acres. Mr. Schnellbacher was wont to say that while a resident of 
Madison County he had seen com sell for $3 a bushel and food so scarce that 
at one time he took his watch, a pair of buggy springs and a Bible to mill to put 
up as collateral for flour, but was unable to get any. It was only out of sympathy 
on the part of the miller when he saw despair depicted on the suppliant counte- 
nance that he agreed to let him have some rejected flour on time, which Mr. 
Schnellbacher was soon able to pay for, much to the surprise of the miller. This 
old pioneer and his wife have both long since passed away. 

F. M. Walker was bom in Indiana in 1828, and there learned the trade of 
gunsmith. He came to this county in 1855 and for many years was one of 
Webster Township's prominent farmers and citizens. He was postmaster at 
Pleasant View until the office was abandoned. Mr. Walker settled on section 23 
and lived there for forty-nine years, or in other words, up until the time of his 
death, which occurred in 1904. 

On section 24 is located Pleasant View Methodist Episcopal Church, which was 
organized in 1856, at the house of J. Richmond, with the following members: 
Jarub and Susan Richmond, W. S. Milligan and wife, W. S. and George R. 
Richmond, Ann, Nathaniel, Sarah A., Mary, Charles, Lydia and Orrin Rich- 
mond, Anna Johnson, John Johnson and wife, John and Sarah Waraick and 
Oliver Haven. The members first met in a schoolhouse on section 23. On the 
latter section is a Christian Church. 

The Fair View Cumberland Presbyterian Church was organized May 22, 1869, 
by John B. and Martha Knowles, William, Margaret, Joseph and Sarah Steele, 
Jane Stone, S. S. and Sarah Probst, M. I. and E. J. Wood and Nancy Henderson. 
A house of worship was erected on section 26. There are also churches on sections 
2, 31, 32 and 14, and at Webster, on section 6. 


This town was laid out on section 6, in Webster Township, by Otho Davis, 
in 1855. Davis then opened a general store and on December 12, 1855, Middle 
River postoffice was located at Webster and Mr. Davis was commissioned the 
first postmaster. His successors have been M. M. McAfferty, J. V. Nelson, J. E. 
Shidler, Luther Fox, F. B. McAfferty, F. M. Tidrick, Rufus Ulery, Edward 
Loucks, L. J. Cook and John Cravens. On April 27, 1900, Harrison postoffice 
was established and located near the center of Webster Township, with J. B. 
Williamson as postmaster. With the coming of rural free delivery the office was 
discontinued in 1905. 

Soon after Davis opened his store, F. O. Burke engaged in general mer- 
chandising, and F. M. McAfferty opened a blacksmith shop. Soon after, Charles 

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Dinsmore had a shop for repairing wagons in operation. About 1856 Charles 
Friend commenced the building of a mill for grinding com. It was finished in 
the latter part of 1856 by Benjamin McAiferty and F. G. Mason. The mill 
afterwards fell into the hands of Otho Davis, and finally G. M. McVey became 
the owner. 

In June, 1875, Winona Lodge, No. 339, A. F. & A. M., was chartered and 
had the following officers : F. M. McAflferty, W. M. ; Irvin Wilcox, S. W. ; Otho 
Davis, J. W.; W. McAfferty, S.; S. Garrett, C; Charles Dinsmore, S. D.; 
H. F. Devault, J. D. ; D. L. Busby, T. The lodge moved to Pitzer but is now 
no more. At the present time Webster has shown no evidences of having grown 
within the last several years. As a matter of fact, it has become smaller as time 
goes by. 

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Penn Township was created by the County Court on the ist day of March, 
1858, and the first election was held in the old log house in which Daniel Francis 
took up his residence in 1855. It is bounded on the north by Dallas County, 
on the south by Jackson and east by Madison townships, and on the west by 
Adair County. In other words, it is the northwest comer township of Madison. 
Penn is an unusually level tract of land, very fertile and wholly prairie. In the 
early days no timber was to be found except at Pilot Grove, locally- made famous 
as the place for holding the Penn Center annual picnics. This grove extends from 
a small stream back upon the prairie and in early days could be seen at a distance 
of many miles, serving as a pilot for the travelers. The township is wholly 
agricultural, there being no town within its borders, so to speak, as only the edge 
of Earlham infringes on its northeastern boundary line. 

Dexter, about the size of Earlham, is just across the line in Dallas County 
and these two trading points compete for the business favors of Penn and share 
them about equally. 

The history of Penn Township covers a period of about sixty-five years, dat- 
ing back to 1849, or 1850. The wooded country to the north of Penn was settled 
some years before, as it is well known the pioneers kept close to the timber. Penn 
being a level stretch of country, was on that account avoided by the early pioneers 
of this part of the state. The first settlers, it is said, were the brothers, William 
and Joseph Jeflfries, who came here from Missouri about 1850 and selected a rich, 
level tract of land at the center of the township and built the first house, a log 
cabin, within its borders. Being of pro-slavery proclivities and the people who 
followed them into this garden spot coming from Ohio and Indiana and of ardent 
abolition tendencies, discouraged them in remaining in an atmosphere not con- 
genial, so they left the field to others. First among these was John Wilson and 
family, among whom were two sons, Christopher and Abihu Wilson, who came 
in 1853 from Marion County, Indiana. Christopher was bom in 1827. He located 
on section i and became one of the landed proprietors of the township. When he 
put up his first buildings, he hauled the timbers from Des Moines. In 1864 
he married Rachel Smith, of Penn Township, who died in 1867. For his second 
wife he married Martha Newby. Abihu was born in 1830. He settled on section 
12 and was the first person to enter land in the township. It is also said that he 
raised the first crop and ran the first harvester and threshing machine in the com- 
munity. William, a son, was the first child bom in Penn Township. 

John E. Darby left his Ohio home for the newer Iowa country in 1855, com- 
ing to Winterset in that year. He taught school the two following years and in 
1857 settled on a farm in this township, where he died a few years ago. He 
helped organize the republican party at Winterset in 1856. 


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Daniel Francis was bom in Drake County, Ohio, in 1826, and in 1850 married 
Emily Edington, a native of the same county. He arrived in this township May 
22, 1855. He for many years served as justice of the peace, served as county 
supervisor five years, assessed the township fifteen times and represented his 
county in the State Legislature. When he and his young wife arrived here they 
had but little of this world's goods. The winters were extremely cold and wood 
being scarce it had to be hauled a long way. Their neighbors accumulated very 
slowly until the locating of the railroad in 1867, when the country settled rapidly. 
He afterward moved to Des Moines, where he passed away. He gave his prop- 
erty for a home for aged Methodist preachers. 

David Stanton and family came from Ohio in June 1856, and settled at Penn 
Grove, where he improved a farm. His father was a first cousin of Edwin M. 
Stanton, Lincoln's famous secretary of war. Mr. Stanton built the first house 
at Pilot Grove and was the envy of his neighbors, as he had a team of horses, 
while they had risen no higher in the way of a team than a yoke of oxen. David 
Stanton was a leader in his day, lived many years in Penn, then moved to Quaker 
Ridge and finally passed to his reward. 

William M. Fleming left the Buckeye State in 1857 and traveling by rail as far 
as Iowa City, he then reached Des Moines by stage coach. From the future capital 
city he walked the rest of the way through a late November blizzard and found an 
abiding place in this township, where he took up a claim and that same fall broke 
up forty acres of sod. The next year he went back to Ohio and returned with his 
bride to his prairie home. 

Washington Francis, a brother of Daniel Francis, was one of the pioneers and 
put in his leisure time in the '60s freighting between Iowa and Pike's Peak. He 
sold the old homestead in this township in 1904. 

About the year i860 the Schlarbs, with Nicholas at the head, and the Holder- 
lj;aums, led by Michael, and afterwards the Lenockers, all from Holmes County, 
Ohio, settled on the west side of the township and within a short time that local- 
ity was mainly made up of people from Ohio. 

There were other old settlers, some coming before and others after those 
named. Among them were Josiah Scott, Hamlin Murphy, Addison Armstrong 
and I. D. Neff, who saw the prairie before the buflfalo trails had been wholly 
obliterated by the plow. There was also Charles Crane, another school teacher, 
With the rapid immigration came the railroad and the pioneer days of Penn were 
practically at an end. The rich prairie farms which could be had almost for the 
asking became more fertile, now that the railroad was in sight, and suddenly 
mounted up in value. Sixty years ago farms in this locality were almost given 
away; now they sell for $100 to $150 and even as high as $200 an acre. 

W. A. Ross was for many years prominent among the citizens of Penn Town- 
ship. He left several years ago for Lee County. J. M. Hochstetler and the 
Koehlers came somewhat later. C. F. Koehler was county treasurer two terms. 
He now resides in California. 

G. F. Lenocker developed a magnificent farm and served a term as member of 
the board of supervisors. He moved to Dexter in 1899 ^"d died a few years ago. 

Tames Breckenridge, for some time a member of the board of supervisors, 
resided for some years on the farm owned and operated for many years by his 
father, but now lives in Jackson Township. Then there were the Marstons and 

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the Murphys, also H. L. Kale, who removed from the farm to Earlham and 
became mayor of that bustling little city. 

Quite a number of the sturdy, frugal and industrious people of Germany 
settled in Penn Township in the latter *6os and early '70s. Among them may be 
mentioned, together with the Koehlers, Hochstetlers, Schlarbs, Holderbaums and 
Lenockers, Fred Imboden and Hezekiah Leeper and family. 

Penn Township has the distinction of being at one time the home of Edwin 
H. Conger, whose name became quite prominent among the leading men of this 
country. He settled on a farm on section 5, about 1868, after having served 
his country in the Civil war and risen to the rank of major. He served this county 
on the board of supervisors and was one of the first three members chosen for that 
body when it was cut down to its present size. At the age of thirty-seven he was 
state treasurer and when forty-one became a United States congressman. He 
represented his Government at Brazil when forty-seven and at the age of fifty- 
seven was sent to China by President McKinley as United States minister, where 
he performed the duties of his office in a highly satisfactory manner and especially 
during the great Boxer uprising. Of his residence in Madison County, he speaks 
interestingly in a letter written to Herman Mueller, from Pasadena, California, 
April 18, 1906, in the following words : 

**Yours 9th received. I am not much at write-ups for myself, and really don't 
know what you want. But I cannot refrain from expressing to you something of 
my gratitude for a true friendship, which was first given me by the good people of 
Madison County nearly forty years ago, and has continued true, generous and 
steadfast ever since. I have never for a moment forgotten it, nor ever for a 
moment ceased to be grateful for it. 

"I came to Madison County in 1868, a young man of twenty-five, with no 
idea of politics in my head, and no desire for official place or distinction. I simply 
went to work. But in the autumn of 1869, while I was in the field plowing, J. _J. 
Hutchings and Bill Newlon drove into my field and told me it was my duty to be 
a candidate for county supervisor from Penn Township. I said I hadn't time, 
didn't want the place, etc.; besides, I did not know a half dozen men in the 
township. But I finally consented and was elected, beating one of the very best 
men who ever lived in the county — Daniel Francis. I don't know how or why. 
The board then consisted of seventeen men, one from each township. I remem- 
ber them all as splendid, substantial men. And it was thus that my acquaintance 
extended all over the county. A few years thereafter, two I think, the board was 
reduced to three members. Its first membership was Captain Anderson from the 
southeast township — Ohio; Judge Lewis from Winterset, and myself from the 
northwest township — Penn. I think we drew lots for the length of our terms. 
I drew one year, Captain Anderson two and Judge Lewis three. I was therefore 
made the first chairman. My associates were excellent men and my service with 
them was most agreeable. 

"This was my first start in politics. I soon moved just across the line into 
Dallas County and in a few years entered politics again. My career since has 
been an open book. But in every contest, I have had the active, loyal and earnest 
support of all my old and many new Madison County friends. If I haven't done 
well, I'm going to lay the blame on them for first enlisting me. If I have done 
measurably well, I am glad to give them the credit, for the same reason. I 

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shall love Madison County and her good people as long as I live, and hope I may 
never prove unworthy of their confidence and aflfection. Please say so to any and 
all of them you meet and believe me, Yours Sincerely, 

"E. H. Conger/' 


The Penn Center picnic, which has been an annual event for over forty years, 
got its inception from A. C. Holderbaum, who taught the Penn Center school 
in 1873. Holderbaum was a young man, who received his education at the Illi- 
nois State Normal. He conceived the idea of having the school picnic more than 
a small district affair, and to this end invited all the other schools in the township 
to take part. All responded and the result was the first general picnic of the Penn 
Township schools. When the appointed day arrived for the initial picnic in 1873, 
every school, headed by its teacher, took place in line and marched down to Pilot 
Grove. The program that day was the model and forerunner of the many that have 
followed. The forenoon was occupied by the school children in their various exer- 
cises and the afternoon by the older people, in speech making, singing, story telling 
and the like. In the meantime, the children enjoyed themselves in numerous 
forms of amusement. The teacher, A. C. Holderbaum, who afterwards was 
founder of the Dexter Normal School, was the real manager, but David Stanton 
was president of the day. N. Angle had charge of the music. Editor Davis, of 
the old Dexter Herald, ^'made a part of a speech to be concluded in the next week's 
Herald." As a matter of course, others displayed their oratorical abilities on the 
glad occasion. Since that time, in each succeeding year, without a break, the Penn 
Center picnic has been held at Pilot Grove, not only for the schools of Penn 
Township, but for men, women and children living many miles around. It is a 
notable event in the locality and is looked forward to each year by those living 
in various parts of the county. The Penn Center picnic has long been celebrated 
in this section of the state, and is widely noticed by the press. 

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Madison Township was formed out of the west part of Union in 1851, and as 
originally made up was very nearly the northwest quarter of the county and 
included the future townships of Penn, Jackson, and Douglas. It is bounded on 
the north by Dallas County, on the south by Douglas, on the east by Jefferson and 
on the west by Penn townships. It has many of the features of Penn Township, 
especially in the northern portion. It is comprised of high, rolling prairie land 
and is on the divide between North Branch and Raccoon River. The southern 
part of the township is crossed by North Branch, along which there was originally 
a heavy grove of timber. 

James Brewer was probably the first settler in Madison Township, as it is said 
he located here in 1849. Then came Henry Grosclose, Henry Rice and a man 
named Hannahs, who took claims on the south side of North Branch. John Todd 
settled at a point afterwards known as Worthington in the same year and shortly 
thereafter they were followed by George T. Nichols and Leroy Anderson. 

The time established for the coming of Derrick Bennett was early in 1852. 
He himself is authority for the statement that his entry was the second in the 
township and that he was the first person to cultivate a patch of ground in the 

Jacob Bennett immigrated to Iowa in 1852 and located in this township on 
section 35, where he lived for many years and became one of the most pros- 
perous farmers in the county, owning at one time over one thousand acres of land. 
He was the father of a large family. When he arrived in Madison Township 
Mr. Bennett's nearest neighbor lived eight miles distant. He built the first school- 
house in the township and gave it to the district. 

Another one of the earliest citizens here was James Allen, who arrived from 
Indiana in 1853. For a great many years he lived on section 20 and was the 
possessor of several hundred acres of land. 

Michael Gabbert was a native of Tennessee. He immigrated to Iowa in 1836 
and to this county in 1854. In the year last mentioned he settled on the place later 
known as the Kendig farm and then removed to section 15. Mr. Gabbert was one 
of the pioneer men of Iowa and was personally acquainted with the Indian chiefs, 
Keokuk and Black Hawk. 

G. W. Lemar settled in the county in 1857. He married Mary Spray in i860. 
He was successful in his -undertakings, built a beautiful home and had one of the 
largest orchards in the county. He was for several years justice of the peace in 
this township. 

William McKibben came from Delaware County, Indiana, in 1855, and for 
three years lived in Dallas County. In 1858 he located on section 5, Madison 


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