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GEO. F. BAREIS, July 28, 1862. 


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Madisgn Township 





Geo. F.^TSareis 


** To understand man we must look beyond the Individual man 
and his actions or Interests and view him In combination with his 
felkyws." — CarlisU. 

Canal Winchester. Ohio 



> \ 

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/■CT--R_ leN ,' AND I 

R • 1 r 4 i^ J 

Copyrighted 190a 
By Geo. F. Bareis 

Tress of Fred, J. Heer, 

Columbus^ OhiOy igo2 


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/ Dedicate this Book to 

o^MAl^DA y. SCHOCH, 

the wife of my bosom, 

whose assistance and encouragement 

lightened my labor in compiling 

and arranging it. 



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Chapter I. pace 

Prefatory Introduction i 1 

Chapter II. 
Description and Organization 5 

Chapter III. 
Some Statistics 13 

Chapter IV. 
Native and Early Settlers 22 

Chapter V. 
Early Enterprises 32 

Chapter VI. 
1815—1825 41 

Chapter V[L 
Tax Payers 1825-1855-1872; Land Owners 1855-1872. .. . 44 

Chapter VIII. 
Brighter Days — Ohio and Erie Canal 59 

Chapter IX. 
Cholera in 1833 73 

Chapter X. 
Township Officers 76 

Chapter XI. 
Schools 85 

Chapter XII. 
Literary Entertainments 140 

Chapter XIII. 
Oregon 159 

Chapter XIV. 
Winchester 161 



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Chapter XV. page 

Groveport 206 

Chapter XVI. 
Roads 230 

Chapter XVII. 
Coach and Mail Lines 242 

Chapter XVIII. 
Railroads 255 

Chapter XIX. 
War Times 264 

Chapter XX. 
Madison Township and Winchester Fairs 302^ 

Chapter XXI. 
Franklin Farmers Institute 30T 

Chapter XXII. 
Temperance 315 

Chapter XXIII. 
Franklin Academy of Music 32*^ 

Chapter XXIV. 
John S. Rarey 326 

Chapter XXV. 
Churches ^35 

Chapter XXVI. 
Secret and Fraternal Societies 398 

Chapter XXVII. 
The Pioneer's House and Home Life 410 

Chapter XXVHI. 
Incidents of Pioneer and Bygone Days 4 18 

Chapter XXIX. 
Graveyards 42S 


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Map of Madison Township Inside front cover 

Geo. F. Bareis Frontispiece 

John Sharp 8 * 

Michael Corbett 8 

Dr. G. L. Smith 16 

Dr. Abel Clark 16 

John Kramer 24 

John Helpman 24 

Kramer Mills .; 32 

Empire Mills 40 

Nathaniel Tallman 48 

Dr. G. W. Blake 48 

Lock No. 20 64 

John Chaney 80 

Dr. Hugh L. Chaney 80 

James B. Evans 88 

Rev. James Heffley 88 

John G. Edwards 96 

Dr. J. H. Saylor 96 

.Augustus Willie 104 

Casper Limpert 104 

James H. Somervifle 120 

Sarah J. Somerville 120 

Mrs. Damaris R. Charape 136 

Miss Mary Young 136 

Pinnaf ore Group 144 

Queen of Fame Group 152 

Map of Winchester Opposite page 162 

Canal Bridge, Winchester 168 

Boat Passing Through Bridge 176 

William Fry 192 

Samuel Bartlitt 192 

Jacob Carty 200 

Martin C. Whitehurst 20(1 

Canal Bridge, Groveport 206 

Map of Groveport Opposite page 208 



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John Cox 216 

Wm. H. Rarey 216 

Wm. R. Darnell 224 

Salem Darnell 2*24 

Big Walnut Bridge * 240 

Elisha B. Decker 248 

John M. Schoch 248 

John Gehn 264 

Phillip Game 264 

Genl. John C. Speaks 288 

Com. Edward M. Hughes 288 

Spanish American Soldiers 296 

Charles Campbell 302 

Edmund Gares ^ ., . 302 

Christian Gayman 320 

George Powell 320 

John S. Rarey 326 

Methodist Episcopal Church 352 

Henry Long 368 

Thomas Patterson 368 

Lutheran and Reformed Church 384 

Dr. A. A. Shortt 400 

Dr. J. B. Potter 400 

Menonite Church 410 

Pioneer's Cabin 410 

William Kile 424 

Moses Seymour 424 

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"And praise be theirs who plan 
And fix the corner-stone 
Of house or fane devote to God or man, 
Not for themselves alone. 

— Not for themselves alone, 

The Pilgrim Fathers of the Western Wood, 
Not only for themselves and for their own. 
Came hither planting in heroic mood 
The seeds of civil-graced society, 
Repeating their New England by the sea 

In the green wilderness. 
From church and school, with church and school they came 
To kindle here their consecrated flame: 
With the high passion for humanity, 
The largest light, the amplest liberty. 
( No man a slave unless himself enthrall ) , 
(The tree of knowledge no forbidden tree,) — 

For eager-seeking youth. 
With priceless opportunity for all, 
(The tree of knowledg no forbidden tree,) — 

Free speech and conscience free. 

— Honor and praise no less 

But theirs, who in the mighty forest, then 

The haunt of savage men. 
And tenanted by ravening beasts of prey 

Only less fierce than they, 
(The fever-chill, the hunger-pang they bore. 
Dangers of day and darkness at their door) 
Abode, and in the panther-startled shade 
The deep foundations of an empire laid. 

— John James Piatt." 


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The conception of this work dates back some twelve 
years, when the writer was persuaded to prepare a 
condensed narrative history of Madison township, to 
go into Captain A. E. Lee's History of Columbus, Ohio. 
Later plans suggested the publication in separate form, 
and this volume is the result. To compile a history 
a century after the first settlement was made is no easy 
task, especially so when the time required must be 
snatched from a busy life. Three generations have 
lived and gone to the "great beyond" since then. Not 
only has the wolf, the bear, the deer, the wild-turkey, 
the Indian, the pioneer cabin, and all the associations 
of those "good old days" gone forever from view, but 
even the pioneers themselves are all gone — not one 
remains to tell the story of the hardships endured in 
their solitary lives in the great woods. Very few even 
of those who had the privilege of hearing from the first 
settlers' own lips the story of their struggle to subdue 
the wilderness, are living. 

No records remain and none were made of much 
that goes to make up a history of those early days. 
Unfortunately, no newspaper was published in the 
township for more than sixty-five years. Scores of 
old account and record books have been searched for 
names, dates, and events. Martin's History of Frank- 
lin County, Scott's History of Fairfield County, Hill's 
History of Licking County, Williams History of 
Franklin and Pickaway Counties, Studer's History of 
Columbus, Lee's History of Columbus, Howe's His- 
torical Collections, Graham's Map of Franklin County, 
and other similar works have been consulted. Original 
records have been carefully examined, such as the Plats 
and additions to the villages, at the County Recorder's 
office; the appraisement and sale of school lands at 


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the Auditor of State's office ; the bids, awards and pay- 
ment of contracts on the Ohio Canal at the Ohio State 
Board of Public Works' office, etc. While we do not 
claim that every name and statement is absolutely cor- 
rect in every particular, still we have spared no pains 
to make it as accurate as the nature of the work per- 
mitted ; for "errors will creep into history as long as 
the human mind is forgetful." 

Instead of giving "personal" sketches at so much 
per head — a thing utterly distasteful to most persons 
— we have aimed to mention in a thoroughly impartial- 
way the name and work of every one who contributed 
to the development of the Township. In the prescribed 
limits of this book a host of the names of those who 
lived honorable and influential private lives must nec- 
■essarily be omitted to give place to those who sacrificed 
time and personal comforts to bear the responsibili- 
ties of public trusts and criticisms. 

We deemed it would be a source of satisfaction and 
•enjoyment to our readers to see the faces of as many 
of the more active and influential citizens reproduced 
as we could secure, even though we omit a personal 
sketch of their lives. 

It would require more space than is at our dis- 
posal to enumerate all the persons who have helped in 
this "labor of love." The compiler acknowledges 
himself under special obligations to the late John R. ^ 
Wright, Mrs. Nathaniel Tallman and George P. 
Champe, and to James B. Evans, Esq., Geo. M. B. 
Dove, A. M. Senter, and all others who have aided him 
in any way, and he sincerely thanks one and all of 

In our search we accumulated a large amount ot 
material, that we could not use in our present pre* 


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scribed book ; this together with all such items of per- 
sonal, family and general history, illustrating in any 
way the development of the township, as our friends 
will kindly send us by-times, will be preserved for fu- 
ture use and reference. 

Geo. F. Bareis. 
February 22d, 1902. 


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*^The hills are dearest which our childish feet 
Have cherished the earliest; and th^ streams most . 

Are ever those at which our young lips drank. 
Stooped to their waters o'er the grassy bank." 

— Whittier. 

The most recent epoch in geology is the Glacial 
Period or Ice Age, although quite remote as compared 
with human history. During this period a vast field 
of ice, hundreds of feet thick, extended from the far 
north to Southern Ohio. This sea of ice was the ac- 
ctmiulations of the snows of a long continued period, 
and possessed the properties of a solid and of a fluid. 
The accumulating weight of the snow above caused a 
slow, but steady and powerful flow, grinding moun- 
tains to powder in its path and forming great valleys 
and basins. It was thus that the great fresh water 
lakes were excavated and the wide valleys through 
Ohio became the water courses, the dry beds of which 
are now the fertile fields. For ages this powerful 
force was grinding and mixing the rocks into earth 
in such a way that no one generation can utilize all 
its fertility, but, as it were, locking it up that future 
generations may still reach down and inherit its wealth 
of productiveness. As the enormous weight of ice in 
its powerful and almost imperceptable flow moved 



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onward, a bank of debris which resisted its flow, called 
a terminal moraine, was left to mark its southern 
progress. One of these terminal moraines, known as 
the Ridge road between Pickerington and Basil marks 
the place where an iceberg was finally resisted in its 
journey further southward. 

As the climate became warmer this territory was in 
a great open sea, in which the winds and currents 
drifted detached mountains of ice, which when float- 
ing southward into more temperate latitudes melted, 
depositing boulders and ground debris, which clung to 
them. This deposit is called "the drift," being the 
earth on top of the solid rock. 

Great volumes of water from the melting ice flowed 
southward, cutting wide rivers whose dry beds are now 
called second bottoms. 

Madison Township with the surrounding territory 
must have been a great inland sea. The drift deposit 
is of various depths. 

The drilling of the gas well at Winchester revealed 
that the drift was about 500 feet thick, while just south 
of Little Walnut creek, not more than half a mile away, 
the Black Shale crops out, and only a few hundred 
yards farther south at the Zimmer hill the Berea grit 
sandstone comes to the surface. The underlying rock 
bed in the remainder of the township is Huron or 
Black Shale ; this is underlaid by the carniferous lime- 
stone, familiarly spoken of as the Columbus Lime- 
stone. Dr. Edward Orton says of this strata : "It is 
one of the most remarkable store houses of ancient life 
in our whole series of rock formations." 

As the climate still gradually became warmer and 
the expanse of ice less the streams became narrower, 
finally cutting deeper and narrower channels and leav- 


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ing the older and higher beds dry. Then beg^n the 
processes by which the fertility of these deposits should 
become available for the habitation of man. Nature 
provided seeds with the means of finding a congenial 
soil and climate. Vegetable growths followed each 
other, each enriching the soil. Worms, crabs, burrow- 
ing animals, roots, frosts, rains, all assisted in making 
the soil fertile. 

Another element of great importance in the de- 
posit of the drift is that it shall be of such a mixture 
of gravel, clay and sand that there may be a good sup- 
ply of water. In this respect the deposit of earth in 
the township is of such a character that the soil is of 
the most productive and the water supply of the am- 
plest. Scarcity of water in the wells is rarely ever 
known. Blue clay is to be found in most localities of 
the township, usually from six to twenty feet under 
the surface. Large "nigger-heads" are found on the 
surface, as also wherever a well is dug or excavations 

In 1899 the U. S. Geological Survey placed a plate 
in one of the stones of the creek bridge abut- 
ments near Winchester, indicating that the ele- 
vation above the sea level at that point is 
758 feet. Other elevations in this section, as ob- 
tained by surveys for the Ohio Canal, Hocking Val- 
ley and the Ohio Central Railroads, are as follows : 
Lockboume 688 feet. Groveport 740 feet. Winches- 
ter 768 feet. Columbus (Union Station) 744 feet. 
South Columbus 734 feet. Brice 765 feet. The fixed 
level at the Franklin County Court House is ^^^\ feet. 

The township is well watered by several good sized 
streams, as shown on the map: Big Walnut (also 
called Big-Belly and Gahanna), Blacklick, Little Wal- 


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nut, and Alum Creek ; there are also numerous smaller 
streams, among them George creek, Spring run and 
Big run — which, with the network of tile drains, carry 
off the surplus water. The adjoining lowlands along 
the larger streams are often flooded when a rich fertil- 
izing sediment is left. Large portions of the town- 
ship were originally covered with large ponds and 
swamps, often spoken of as prairies; especially was 
this true of the eastern section, giving it the name of 
"the flats." Scarcely a trace of these remain, the lar- 
ger ditches only reminding one of them. So rich and 
productive is the land in this township that sections of 
it are referred to as the "garden spot of Franklin 
county." This is notably true of land in the neigh- 
borhood of Asbury church. 

Corn, wheat, grass and the cereals usually produced 
on rich soil grow to perfection. On the wide bottoms, 
which once formed the beds of the streams now nar- 
rowed down to mere rills compared to what they once 
were, is the richest alluvial soil, and has been in con- 
tinuous cultivation in many instances for upwards of 
ninety years. In recent years many persons find re- 
munerative results in raising small fruits and vegeta- 
bles, especially strawberries, raspberries and nutmeg 
melons, for the Columbus market.' The land gener- 
ally having a southern slope and being of a warm na- 
ture is well adapted for market gardening. 

Originally the township was densely timbered with 
giant oak, ash, walnut, hickory, elm, maple, beech, lin- 
den, Cottonwood and other trees. Along the streams 
grew buckeye, pawpaw, willow and immense syca- 
mores. Thousands of the choicest walnut and white 
oak logs have been shipped to eastern and foreign mar- 


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Tcets, and thousands of others were burned in great log 
heaps, at an early day, to get rid of them. 

On the first day of March, 1784, Thomas Jefferson, 
Samuel Hardy, Arthur Lee and James Monroe, dele- 
gates m Congress on the part of Virginia, executed a 
deed of cession by which they transferred to the United 
States all rights, titles and claims of Virginia to the 
country northwest of the Ohio river. 

October 22, 1784, Arthur Lee, Richard Butler and 
Oliver Walcott met the hostile Indian tribes of the Six 
Nations at Fort Stanwix, and there concluded a treaty 
of peace with them. After the old indefinite claims of 
the Iroquois was thus extinguished, on January 21, 

1785, negotiations with the Western Indians was begun 
by Arthur Lee, Richard Butler and George Rogers 
Qark at Fort Mcintosh. The Wyandots, Delawares, 
Chippeways and Ottowas were represented at this 

During 1785 Brant, the great chief, formed a con- 
federacy of the Western Indians, and on January 31, 

1786, a meeting was held by George Rogers Clark, 
Richard Butler and Samuel H. Parsons with the Dela- 
wares, Wyandots and Shawnees at the mouth of the 
Great Miami river. On account of the hostile attitude 
of the Shawnees and the absence of the Wabash tribes 
no treaty was signed. 

The Indian wars were terminated by the treaty at 
Greenville in August, 1795. After the final transfer of 
the territory from Britain to the United States in 1796, 
under Jay's treaty, and the extinguishment of the In- 
dian titles all apprehensions of danger on the part of 
the whites ceased and friendly intercourse with the In- 
dians succeeded. 


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By the ordinance of 1787 the territory purchased of 
the Indians was to be divided into townships six miles 
square, by north and south lines crossed at right angles 
by others ; the first north and south line to begin on 
the Ohio River at a point due north of the western ter- 
mination of the southern boundary of Pennsylvania, 
and the first east and west line to begin at the same 
point, and to extend throughout the territory. The 
ranges of townships thus formed were to be numbered 
from the Pennsylvania line westward; the townships 
themselves from the Ohio River northward. Each 
township was to be sub-divided into thirty-six parts or 
sections, each one mile square. When seven ranges of 
townships had been thus surveyed, the Geographer was 
to make a return of them to the Board of Treasury, 
who were to take therefrom one-seventh part, by lot, 
for the use of the late Continental army; and so of 
every seven ranges as surveyed and returned ; the re- 
maining six-sevenths were to be drawn for by the sev- 
eral states, in the proportion of the last requisition 
made on them; and they were to make public sale 
thereof in the following manner : Range I, Township 
I, was to be sold entire; Township No. 2 by sections,, 
and so on alternately ; while in Range II, Township i, 
was to be sold by sections and Township 2 entire, re- 
taining throughout, both as to ranges and townships, 
the principle of alternation. The price was to be at 
least one dollar in specie or certificate of liquidated 
debts of the United States. Five sections in each 
township were to be reserved for the United States^ 
and one section for schools. 

Madison Township is wholly composed of what is 
denominated Congress Lands; that is, land that has 
not been set apart for any special purpose but is sold by 


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the government at a fixed price. Most of the land in 
this township was entered at the Land Office at ChilH-^ 
cothe, in Ross county. A good portion of it — all that 
purchased before 1820 — was paid for at the rate of 
two dollars per acre, in payments ; after that date Con- 
gress fixed the price at one dollar and twenty-five cents 
per acre, cash to be paid when entered. 

These lands were first surveyed in 1799 by John 
Matthews and Ebenezer Buckingham into townships 
six miles square and then divided into thirty-six sec- 
tions one mile square, containing six hundred and forty 
(640) acres each. The numbering of these sections is 
indicated on the map of the township, and was always 
in the same order. 

The sections were again sub-divided into four equal 
parts, called northeast quarter section, southeast quarter 
section, etc., containing 160 acres each. And by an 
"Act" which went into effect in July, 1820, these quar- 
ter sections are also divided by a north and south line, 
into two equal parts containing 80 acres each, and* 
called the east half of the northeast quarter of section, 

In establishing the township and section lines a post 
or stone is first planted at the point of intersection; 
then on the tree nearest the post or stone, and standing 
within the section intended to be designated, is num- 
bered with a marking iron, in the following order : 

R. (Range) No , T. (Township) No , S. 

(Section) No The fact that these surveyed 

townships, which are designated by numbers, are of dif- 
ferent boundaries from the civil townships which have 
been otherwise named is often confusing. 'Thus this 
territory as surveyed is known as Range No. 21, Town- 
ship II. While for civil purposes it has been named af- 


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ter the fourth President of the United States — Madi- 
son — and includes parts of two other surveyed town- 
ships, viz : two tiers of sections — No. i to No. 12 in- 
clusive — of Range No. 21, Township No. 10, former- 
ly in Ross county. On January 12, 1810, when Picka- 
way county was formed — ''picked away'' — from 
Ross, Franklin and Fairfield counties, these sections 
became part of Franklin county, and the following 
March were included in this township ; and by an act 
•of the Legislature of 1850-51, six sections from Range 
No. 20, Township No. 15 — Violet Township, Fairfield 
county — were added to Madison Township, and this 
accounts for the fact that there are three sections each 
number 6 and 7, and two each numbers i, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 
•9, 10, II, 12, 18, 19, 30 and 31. In the first division of 
Franklin county into townships, in 1803, this territory 
formed part of Harrison Township ; there were at this 
time only two townships in Franklin county east of the 
Scioto river. Madison is now the largest township in 
the county, being eight miles in extent north and south, 
and seven miles east and west, with the exception of a 
gog of two sections in the southeast comer — one mile 
east and west and two miles north and south — belong- 
ing to Fairfield county. Madison Township was or- 
ganized as a township on March 4, 1810, and Ebenezer 
Richards and George Hays were elected Justices of the 


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We could not ascertain the population of 
Madison Township for the first thirty years of 
its history, but to illustrate the rapid increase in popu- 
lation, we give the following statistics from Kilbourne's 
Ohio Gazetteer : "In 1800 the territory, now the State 
of Ohio, contained about 45,000 inhabitants; in 1810, 
230,760; in 1820, 581,434, and in 1830, 937»679-" ^^ 
1829 Madison Township had 278 voters while the total 
in Franklin county was 2,312. Mr. Kilbourne makes 
the following suggestive observation regarding the 
rapid increase of the population : "Perhaps the great- 
est operating cause of the more rapid increase of popu* 
lation in Ohio, than in some of the other Western 
States, is that slavery, with all its blighting evils, is here 

The population by decades is as follows : Madison- 
Township in 1840, 1,815; in 1850, 2,480; in i860, 
3,395; in 1870, 3,440; in 1880, 3,859; in 1890, 3,357; 
in 1900, 3,217. The population of the villages is in- 
cluded in the above' figures : 

Groveport: In 1850, 438; in i860, 540; in 1870,. 
629; in 1880,650; in 1890, 578, and in 1900, 527. 

Winchester: In 1850, 350; in i860, 459; in 1870,. 
633; in 1880, 850; in 1890, 633; and in 1900, 666. 

Madison Township had as large a population forty 

years ago as at present. This is also true in regard to 



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The first elections in the township were held at the 
log tavern of Adam Rarey. Later elections were held 
at the offices of the Justices of the Peace ; in the early 
fifties in a building that stood south of the Presbyterian 
church ; in 1852-54 in Dr. J. H. Saylor's office, which 
was then occupied by Esq. Jeremiah White. In i860 
the township erected the brick building on lot No. 13, 
West Main street. The elections were held here until 
the fall of 1873 when the township was divided into two 
voting precincts by a line beginning at the north town- 
sip line, between Sections 2 and 3, thence south to the 
Ohio Canal, thence following the canal east one-half 
mile to Ragers bridge, thence south on the quarter 
section line to the south line of the township. The 
territory west of said line was named Groveport pre- 
cinct, and that east Winchester precinct. The elec- 
tions in the Groveport precinct were held in the town- 
ship house until the Town Hall was erected ; the elec- 
tions in the Winchester precinct were held at various 
places, among them the Schoch office building on High 
street, the Baily Brothers' building on Waterloo street, 
and since Winchester purchased the Town Hall the 
•electicMis are held there. On January 25, 1896, the 
Board of Deputy State Supervisors of Elections of 
Franklin county considered the advisability of sub- 
dividing the Groveport precinct, and on February 8th 
following, the division was made and Zimmer precinct 
was established, as follows : "Beginning at the north- 
west comer of Madison Township, thence south with 
the township line to the center of Big Walnut creek, 
thence northeasterly with the meanderings thereof to 
the north section line of the Madison Township school 


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lands, thence east with said section line to the line be- 
tween Groveport and Winchester precincts, thence 
north with said precinct line to the north line of Madi- 
son Township, thence west with said line to the place of 
beginning. All territory within said boundary to be 
known as Zimmer precinct ; all territory in Groveport 
precinct not within above described lines to be known 
as Groveport precinct." The Zimmer voting building 
was erected in March, 1897. 

Beg^ning with 1872 the vote of the township has 
been as follows : 

For U. S. Grant 260, ior Horace Greely 436 ; total, 
696. 1876, for R. B. Hayes, Groveport 158, Winches- 
ter 145; Samuel J. Tilden, Groveport 329, Winches- 
ter 256; total 754. 1880, James A. Garfield, Grove- 
port 176, Winchester 178; Winfield Scott Hancock, 
Groveport 332, Winchester 256; total, 948. 1884, 
James G. Blaine, Groveport 184, Winchester 150; Gro- 
ver Cleveland, Groveport 305, Winchester 279 ; total, 
953. 1888, Benjamin Harrison, Groveport 166, Win- 
chester 161 ; Grover Cleveland, Groveport 294, Win- 
chester 259; Fisk, Groveport 43, Winchester 12; to- 
^» 935- 1892, Benjamin Harrison, Groveport 150, 
Winchester 146; Grover Cleveland, Groveport 227, 
Winchester 232 ; People's, Groveport 14 ; Prohibition, 
Groveport 27, Winchester 9; total, 826. 1896, Wm. 
McKinley, Groveport 130, Winchester 138, Zimmer 
47; Wm. J. Bryan, Groveport 282, Winchester 296, 
Zinmier 65 ; total, 958. 1900, Wm. McKinley, Grove- 
port 123, Winchester 130, Zimmer 34; W. J. Bryan, 
Groveport 257, Winchester 273, Zimmer 68 ; total, 907. 

The local elections are usually very quiet, with little 
rivalry; frequently the Democrats having the only 
tickets in the field, as was the case in the April elec- 


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tion of 1901. The State and Presidential elections are^ 
however, quite spirited, although always orderly. 

During the Vallandingham — Brough campaign in 
1863, both parties held mass meeting on the Madison 
Township fair grounds. The Republican meeting was 
held on September 19. C. P. Dildine furnished an 
ox that was roasted for the occasion. Thirty-six girls^ 
one to represent each State, dressed in red skirts, white 
waists and blue sashes, rode from Winchester to the 
fair grounds on a wagon that G. M. B. Dove and Al- 
manzor Hathaway borrowed of a man at Amanda, 
Ohio, which had been used at Lancaster for a similar 

The Democratic meeting was held on October 13, 
and was addressed by Hon. S. S. Cox. Isaac W. Fry 
and Robt. F. Dildine canvassed the township for horses 
and 100 teams were hitched to a hickory wagon that 
John Rohr, Sr., furnished. 

Madison Township School Enumeration, — 1861,. 
sub-distsict No. i, 65; No. 2, 65; No. 3, 7; No. 4,. 
47; No. 6, 54; No. 7, 57; No. 8, 75; No. 9, 46; No. 
10, 32; No. II, 51; No. 12, 15; No. 13, 48; No. 14, 7; 
No. 15, 9; No. 16, 9; No. 17, 31 ; No. 18, 200; No. 19,. 
43; No. 21, 35; No. 22, 72; a total of 968. 1885^ 
male, white, 338 ; colored, i ; female, white, 276 ; col- 
ored, I ; total, 616. Hamilton township, 8 ; Marion 
township, 8. 1886, male, 349 ; female, 294; total 643. 
1887, males, 329; females, 274; total, 603. 1888, 
males, 326; females, 251; total, 577. 1890, males, 
288; females, 254; total 542. 1891, males, 285; fe- 
males, 250 ; total, 535. 1892, males, 291 ; females, 
242; total, 533. 1893, males, 300; females, 241; total 
541. 1894, males, 295 ; females, 251 ; total, 546. 1895, 
males, 274; females, 239; total, 513. Hamilton town- 


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ship, 12. Marion township, 19. 1896, males, 277; 
females, 234; total 511. 1897, males, 268; females, 
242; total, 510. Hamilton township, 8. Marion 
township, 15. 1898, males, 289; females, 248; total, 
537. Hamilton township, 13. Marion township, 15. 
1899, males, 308; females, 258; total, 566. Hamil- 
ton township, 13. Marion township, 14. 1900, males, 
302; females, 254; total, 556. Hamilton township, 
10. Marion township, 14. 

Enumeration of Groveport Schools. — 1894, males, 
106; females, 99; total, 205. 1895, males, 100; fe- 
males, 95; total, 195. 1896, males, 102; females, 90; 
total, 192. 1897, males, 106; females, 85; total, 191. 
1898, males, no; females, 88; total, 198. 1899, males, 
98; females, 85; total, 183; 1900, males, 95; females,. 
73; total, 168. 

Enumeration of Winchester Schools. — 1854, male,. 

90; female, 78; total, 168. 1857, male, 102; female, 

96; total, 198. 1858, male, loi ; female, 91 ; total, 192. 

1859, male, 108; female, 96; total, 204. i860, male, 

107; female, 103; total, 210. 1861 — this is the year 

when the union school building was erected — male, 

100; female, 100; total, 200. 1862, male, 95; female, 

89; total, 184; 1863, male, 103; female, 100; total, 208. 

1864, male, 114; female, 86; total, 200; 1865, male,. 

loi ; female, 102; total, 203; 1866 — when district No. 

18 became the Winchester special school district — 

male, 117; female, 106; total, 223. * * * 1884,. 

male, 161; female, 135; total, 296. 1885, male, 178; 

female, 127; total, 305. 1886, male, 167; female, 

127; total, 294. 1887, male, 145; female, 121; total, 

266. 1888, male, 141; female, 104; total, 245; 1889, 

male, 138; female, 97; total, 235. 1890, male, 139; 

female, 90; total, 229. ♦ ♦ * 1893, male, 125; 
2 H M T 


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female, 82; total, 207. 1894, male, 104; female, 92; 
total, 196. * * * 1897, male, 116; female, 89; to- 
tal, 205. 1898, male, 116; female, 98; total, 214. 1899, 
male, 117; female, 97; total, 214. 1900, male, 106; 
female, 95; total, 201. 

Assessor's Report, 1855. — Total number of acres, 
33,277^ ; number acres in wheat, 3,091 ; number bush- 
els produced, 37,179; average per acre, 12 bushels; 
number acres in com, 9,229 ; number bushels, 269,306 ; 
average per acre, 30 bushels; number of horses, 1,369; 
mules, 2; cattle, 2,885; sheep, 1,866; hogs, 5423. 


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Crop Statistics Reported 1900 for Year 1899. 

Winchester Precinct. — Wheat, 5,689 acres, 47,083 
bushels; oats, 57 acres, 1,690 bushels; corn, 2,748 
acres, 134,926 bushels; potatoes, 35 J acres, 1,557 
bushels; meadow, 497 acres, 648 tons; clover, 527 
acres, 720 tons; apples, 158 acres, 22,520 bushels; 
butter, 42,560 pounds ; eggs, 27,550 dozen ; wool, 1,847 
pounds; commercial fertilizer, used 64,800 pounds^ 
cost $678; acres in cultivation, 6,637; in pasture, 379 
acres ; in woodland, 462 acres ; lying waste, 943 acres ; 
total owned in Winchester precinct, 9,421 acres. 

Zimmer Precinct, — ^Wheat, 412 acres; 6,750 
bushels; corn, 409 acres, 18,500 bushels; potatoes, 9 
acres, 430 bushels ; meadow, 65 acres, 71 tons ; apples, 
17 acres, 1,450 bushels; butter, 4,000 pounds; eggs, 
2,100 dozen; Commercial fertilizer used, 40,000 
pounds; cost, $389; acres in cultivation, 995; in pas- 
ture, 221 acres; in woodland, 20 acres; lying waste, 
86 acres; total owned in Zimmer precinct, 1,322 acres. 
Grove port Precinct. — Wheat, 4,198 acres, 72,55a 
bushels; oats, 67 acres, 2,670 bushels; corn, 3,661 
acres, 146,800 bushels; potatoes, 120 acres, 5,710 bush- 
els; meadow, 539 acres, 704 tons; clover, 507 acres, 
632 tons; butter, 40,300 pounds; eggs, 22,700 dozen; 
Commercial fertilizer used, 115,600 pounds; cost, 
$1,179; apples, 173 acres, 15,570 bushels; wool, 2,794 
pounds; acres in cultivation, 10,571; in pasture, 1,716 
acres ; in woodland, '299 acres ; lying waste, 844 acres ; 
total owned in Groveport precinct, 13,676 acres. 

Decennial Appraisement of Real Property^ )900. 

In Mcdison Toivnship. — Total number of acres, 
33,860; value, $1,143,163; average value per acre. 


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$34.08; value of buildings, $194,385; average value 
per acre, including land and buildings, $39.80; value 
of village lots and buildings, $225,270; aggregate 
value of real estate in Madison township as equalized 
by county board, $1,544,187; amount on duplicate in 
1900, $1468,820; number of acres of arable or plow 
lands, 30,876; number acres of pasture or meadow 
lands, 335 ; number acres of uncultivated or wood- 
lands, 2,649. 

Winchester Village. — Value of lots, $29,210 ; value 
of buildings, $116,260; aggregate value, $145,470; 
value on tax duplicate in 1900, $167,940. 

Grove port Village, — Value of lots, $21,250; value 
of buildings, $58,550; aggregate value, $79,800; value 
on tax duplicate in 1900, $83,170. 

Rjuige of Prices of Wheat and G>m per Bushel— ia5O-l90O. 

Wheat, — 1850 to '59, 58c to $2.00; i860 to '69, 
60c to $3.50; 1870 to '79, 85c to $2.15; 1880 to '89, 
71C to $1.50; 1890 to '99, 48c to $1.45. 

Corn. — 1850 to '59, 24c to 90c; i860 to '69, 27c 
to $1.29; 1870 to '79, 38c to $1.05; 1880 to '89, 30C 
to 87c; 1890 to '99, 1 8c to 77c. 


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" / hear the tread of pioneers 

Of nations yet to be 

The first low wash of waves where soon 

Shall roll a human sea." 

— Whittier. 

The first occupancy of this continent by man is as 
uncertain as the date of man's origin. Many scien- 
tists now admit man's presence here as a contempo- 
rary of the mastodon and other extinct animals. 

Who built the ancient mounds and earthworks 
with their rich store of implements and utensils is a 
sealed volume. To present students they are still a 
"nameless people" and hence for want of a better 
name are called Mound Builders. Where they came 
frcnn, and when, are equally as mysterious and ob- 
scure problems. 

The Red Man's traditions shed no light and are 
worthless on the subject. 

It is quite likely that the country was mostly open 
and unwooded during the dominion of the Mound 
Builders, and that the center of their population was 
in Ohio. 

It is certain that most of these ancient works 
have been built for more than five hundred years; 
this is proven by the fact that trees of five centuries* 
growth are found upon them. There are other cir- 



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cumstances that point to even a much longer period 
of residence here. Their influence over nature in the 
domestication of wild animals and in the transforming 
influence of certain plant life, such as maize, tobacco 
and cotton indicate a very long period. Some of the 
plants domesticated by these people have been in cul- 
tivation so long that they would perish only for the 
fostering care of human hands. 

The fact that during the Middle Ages no inves- 
tigations were tolerated and that every reference to 
such discovery was burned and obliterated, makes it 
doubly difficult to find solutions now. 

Many theories have been advanced to solve the 
mysterious uncertainty ; Bancroft, in his Native Races, 
among others mentioned the following ones: Father 
Duran, a native of Spain, wrote in 1585, "My opinion 
and supposition is that these natives are the ten tribes 
of Israel that Salmanazer, king of the Assyrians, made 
prisoners and carried to Assyria in the time of Hoshea, 
king of Israel, and in the time of Hezekiah, king of 
Jerusalem, as can be seen in Esdras, Book Fourth. 
Chapter Third, they went to live in a land, remote 
and separated, which had never been inhabited, to 
which they had a long and tedious journey of a year 
and a half:" L'Estrange contraverted this theory, 
but concluded that Shem was the progenitor of the 
American; and says: "Shem was ninety-eight years 
old at the time of the flood and was not present at the 
building of Babel." It is claimed by some that the 
word Peru has the same meaning as Ophir, the grand- 
son of Heber, from whom the Hebrews derived their 
name, then setting up the theory that Solomon's ships, 
on their voyages, which lasted sometimes for three 
years, went to Peru for the "gold of Ophir." The 


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conjecture of some has been that the Queen of Sheba 
came from this continent. 

Others claim that Noah's long and aimless voyage 
in the ark encouraged his immediate descendants to 
construct similar vessels and undertake voyages. 
These falling in with adverse winds and currents were 
driven to these shores and being unable to return they 
became the colonists. 

Ignatius Donnelly, in his Atlantis, published a 
score of years ago, attracted renewed attention to the 
theory based on Plato's ** fabled island of Atlantis." 
It is related that the priests of Egypt told Solon of 
an island continent which furnished an almost con- 
tinuous land passage across the Atlantic ocean. The 
Azore islands, it is claimed, are the mountain peaks 
of this submerged island. 

The Book of Mormon, said to have been discov- 
ered by Joseph Smith, September 22, 1827, in a 
mound called Cumorah, Ontario county. New York, 
tells that the colonization of America took place soon 
after the confusion of tongues at Babel. 

Some clajm that a remnant of the inhabitants of 
Tyre, who escaped the siege of Alexander the Great, 
332 B. C, sailed to America and landed in Florida, 
and in proof of their theory quote Ezekiel ^j ; 26. Still 
others point to the similarity between the architecture 
and sculpture of Mexico and Central America and 
Egypt for a solution of the problem. Some advocate 
Carthaginian, Phenician or Greek colonization. The 
narrowness of the channel at Behring Straits has in- 
vited others to look in that quarter for a solution. 
Among the arguments presented are for a Tartar col- 
onization, noting the resemblance in manner of life 
and physical appearance of the natives on both sides 


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of the channel. Others argue for a Japanese and 
still others for a Qiinese colonization. Others refute 
all these theories and claim the race is indigenous; 
others that God created an original pair of human 
"beings here as He did in the old world; still others 
look to evolution. 

Most of these conclusions have very little to 
stand upon except the productiveness of an imagi- 
native mind. 

There are several pre-Columbian discoveries that 
rest on documentary evidence, although each of these 
have their disputants. 

In the writings of the early Chinese historians is 
found the statement that in the year 499 A. D. Hoei- 
Shin, a Buddhist priest, returned to China frdm a long 
journey to an island which he called Fusang, on ac- 
count of the many trees of that name growing there. 
It has been assumed that this country was Mexico or 
California. Two discoveries are accredited to the 
Irish; one to "White Man's Land," claimed to be 
located on the Atlantic coast from North Carolina to 
Florida, the other when St. Patrick sent missionaries 
to the **Isles of America," which would place the date 
of the latter prior to 493 A. D. The Norsemen dis- 
covery in 1002 A. D. is familiar. The Welsh discovery 
"by Madoc in about 1170 A. D. of the coast of Mexico 
or California. In 1380 A. D. it is claimed the Vene- 
tians established a church in Greenland. The Portu- 
gese date their discovery of New Foundland about 
1464 A. D. The discovery by the Poles is given as 
1476 A. D. 

The writer has spent many of his leisure hours 
in the study of the earthworks and implements of 
these people, and has many times let his imagination 


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look in on their domestic and outdoor life. He has 
often sat with a stone pipe or axe or other of their 
relics before him trying to lure it to unfold its mys- 
terious history. 

A conservative view of the consensus of the con- 
clusions of those who have had the best opportunities 
to give these investigations intelligent study seems to 
be that they are of old world origin; that they came 
in installments, some coming from the southeast, others 
from the northwest, meeting in the Ohio and Miss- 
issippi valleys where they were amalgamated, as is 
proven by the finding of the crania of the long heads 
and of the short heads with their intermediate types 
in the same mound ; that they became populous and 
widespread ; that they evolved a system of government 
which controlled multitudes; that they were in the 
main agriculturists, although they had a division of 
labor by which some devoted their time to special 
trades; that they developed a civilization and culture 
of no mean type, as is shown by their domestic uten- 
sils, artistically formed and decorated vessels, cloth,, 
implements and earthworks; that they mined copper, 
which they made into ornaments and implements; 
that they quarried mica for mirrors ; that they worked 
salt mines and flint quarries. The finding of copper 
from Lake Superior, mica from North Carolina, lead 
from Missouri, and shells from Florida, all in the 
same mound, indicates their wide-spread commerce. 

The next race — the American Indian — most likely 
the descendent of the Mound Builders, had less fixed 
homes, leading nomadic lives, from the fact that most 
of their time was devoted to hunting and fishing. As 
far as we are able to learn no Indian villages were 
located in this township, although a flint-worker's shop 


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must have been located in the neighborhood of Asbury 
Oiurch, judging by the large number of flint chips 
found there. The early settlers in Violet township, 
Fairfield county, remembered a small village of some 
twenty or thirty wigwams located on the north bank 
of Little Walnut creek about one mile east of Win- 
chester. In a year or two after the first settlements^ 
the Indans left, and while they still occasionally 
passed through the township they scarcely ever mo- 
lested any one or attracted any attention. One of 
their trails leading from To-be-town (Royalton) to 
Cranetown (Upper Sandusky) passed over the farm 
of Irvin E. Stevenson. The prominent imminence 
on this farm no doubt furnishing them a good view 
of the surrounding country. One thing is certain, 
they did not make proper use of the rich soil by cul- 
tivating it- After game sought the deeper and more 
unvisited forests of the unexplored and uninhabited 
country farther west and north, they seemed to realize 
the inevitable and yielded their old familiar haunts to 
the "pale face's power to make the "desert rejoice 
and blossom as the rose." 

The early settlers came not from wealthy and 
luxurious homes, neither did they come from the 
indolent class. 

Many of them had no competence except healthy 
bodies and determined wills. They came seeking 
homes of their own, rather than continue as tenant to 
a class whom they feared might oppress and emaciate- 
them, as had been done by the landlord system in 
Europe, with which they were familiar and which 
tiiey abhorred. 

They knew full well that in seeking a home in 
the western forest they were sacrificing many com- 


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forts, which they could not hope to secure for many 
years, if at all in their generation; they knew that 
they were facing sickness in a malarious climate ; they 
must have, at least in part, considered the great hard 
ships and privations to be endured. 

Congress strengthened the ordinance of 1785 by 
the execution of the great "Compact" of 1787 estab- 
lishing, as Salomon P. Chase in his Preliminary Sketch 
of the History of Ohio says, "Certain great funda- 
mental principles of governmental duty and private 
right as the basis of all future constitutions and legis- 
lation, unalterable and indestructible.'' Mr. Chase 
further remarks, "Never, probably, in the history of 
the world did a measure of legislation so accurately 
fulfill, and yet so mightily exceed the anticipations of 
the legislators." Faith in a country governed by such 
provisions as this ordinance contained inspired a 
courage and hope that here, where slavery was ex- 
cluded and where property rights were sacred they 
would perpetuate the principles of freedom and lib- 
erty that moved their ancestors to come to America. 
The early settler therefore came with a purpose to 
enter a tract of land, which at once made him an 
interested citizen who would have every incentive to 
seek and hold fast to the very best in government and 
morals for himself and family. They were mostly 
persons in the same circumstances, so very little dis- 
tinction in modes of life existed among them; but 
had there been distinctions the perils and hardships 
to be mutually endured would have made them akin. 
Their manner of living compelled them to seek and 
avail themselves of each other's help. They could not 
•erect their cabin or clear away the giants of the forest 
alone; they must help each other, and no one ever 


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failed to respond unless sick or otherwise disabled. 
When one family would butcher or go to mill or make 
a successful catch of fish or game, all the near neigh- 
bors would be remembered with a portion. Many 
other similar neighborly acts, such as ministrations in 
sickness and death, and indeed, kindly assistance and 
sympathy in every experience of their wilderness life 
knit them together in a bond of friendship the dur- 
ability and grace of which can only be found in a 
community where common privations and perils are 
experienced for a long time. The effects of these 
beautiful friendships thus formed are even now held 
dear and sacred among the descendants of many of 
the pioneer families. 

The fact that they had to worship in log cabins and 
barns, and were denied all of those peculiar comforts 
and conveniences, as books, pictures, etc., which cul- 
tivate and culture the asthetic side of man's nature, 
gave them a characteristic frankness and bluntness, 
which might, in older communities appear as abrupt 
and unceremonious, perhaps even inelegant. In prin- 
cipal they were positive and firm as a rock, yet gentle 
and considerate to man and beast. 

The great majority were Christians, members of 
the different denominations now represented in the 
township. Their Christian characters were unim- 
peachable, and their lives, although partaking of their 
surroundings and circumstances, exemplified the high- 
est virtues of true manhood and womanhood. 

Among the very first settlers was George Tongue, 
who located on George's creek (perhaps this stream is 
named after him) on the southeast quarter of section 
No. 7, as early as 1802 or 1803. 


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By 1805 quite a number of others settled in the 
township, among them John Kalb, Geo. Kalb and wife, 
John Stevenson and family, William Stevenson and 
family of five boys and two girls, all from Maryland ; 
Stauffel Kramer, Charles Rarey and sons, Adam, Ben- 
jamin, William, Charles and George, and James, 
Samuel and Robert Ramsey from Pennsylvania ; Elias 
Decker and family, William D. Hendren and wife, 
Esau Decker and Ezekiel Groom from New Jersey; 
Mathew and Samuel Taylor and families from Nova 
Scotia; John Guffy from Kentucky and others. 
From 1805 to 1810 many from the eastern states as 
well as the adjoining counties of Ross and Fairfield 
located in the township. Among them were Lewis 
(Ludwig), Phillip, George, John, Michael, Adam and 
Jacob Kramer, all brothers, and their families from 
Pennsylvania ; John Schoonover and family, Ralph and 
Elijah Austin, John Decker, John Craun, Jonathan Lee 
and wife, Thos. Gray, Geo. Smith, Jacob Weaver, 
John Tallman, Johpp^Sharp and wife, Samuel Brown, 
Samuel Bishop, John Swisher, Fredrick Peterson, 
Phillip Pontius, Alex. Mooberry and family, Abed- 
nego Davis, Matthias Wolf, John and Jacob Gander, 
Emmer Cox, Wm. Elder, Billingsly Bull, Daniel Kra- 
mer, Abraham Harris, Geo. Rohr and sons, Cubbage 
Needels and wife, Henry Whetzel and family, David 
Wright, John Wright, Joseph Wright, James Mc- 
Clish, John Kile and family, and a few years later, but 
early enough to help bear the burdens and hardships 
incident to a pioneer *s life in those days were Henry, 
Harmon, Andrew, Daniel and John Dildine, Jacob 
Rhoads, Henry and Fredrick Bunn, Michael Rohr, 
Adam Havely, Christian and Adam Sarber, the Day- 
longs, John Rager, Zebulon &nd Elias Leigh, George 


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Seymore, Samuel Murphy, Peter Long, Wm. Patter- 
son, Wesley Toy, Phillip King, Thomas Needels, 

John, Philomen and Andrew Needels, Farley, 

Edward Hathaway, Greazy Harrison, Hoshor, 

Wm. Fleming, Jacob Powell, Francisco, Wm. 

Perrin, Dr. Wm. Riley, and others whose names can- 
not be recalled. 

Few colored persons have ever lived in the town- 
ship, in fact so few that they have always attracted 
the attention especially of the children. Among the 
first and best known was Black Charlie. (Chas. Hat- 
ten) who when a boy was brought here by Wm. Stev- 
enson. After Mr. Stevenson's death he lived with 
Anna B. Stevenson, a daughter, until he died. He 
was good-natured, polite, a friend of the children, 
and always had a bright new penny for them. He 
could speak "Pennsylvania Dutch." Thomas Gray 
brought a colored man with him from Maryland in 
about 1810, who was known as Black Sam. Others, 
known to persons about Winchester, were Yellow 
Nick (Nicholas Gossage), Reuben and Samuel Gloyd. 


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" The eternal master found his single talent well em^ 
ployed'' — Samuel Johnson. 


The first grist and saw-mill is said to have been 
erected by Mathew Taylor near the mouth of Alum 
creek, in 1807 or 1808, and was later destroyed by fire. 
About the same time Lewis (Ludwig) Kramer built a 
grist and saw-mill on Little Walnut creek about one 
mile southwest of Winchester. In 1852 it was oper- 
ated by Henry Fictone, then by Geo. Fisher, in 1858 
by Fisher & (Geo.) Markley, in 1859 by Fisher & (Er- 
vin) Moore, in 186 1 by Moore & (Geo.) Bareis. Soon 
after this the dam gave way and the mill was aban- 
doned. This building stood until about 1893 when it 
fell down, and part of the timbers were used in the con- 
struction of a stable which stands near its site. George 
Sparr, father of the late Emanuel Sparr, was a miller 
at the Kramer mill at an early day, and lived in a log 
cabin located in what is now Chas. Brun's orchard. 

In 1810 or 181 1 George Sharp erected a mill on Big 
Walnut a short distance up the stream from where the 
Columbus and Groveport pike now crosses; the only 
trace left of it is one of the broken burrs lying along 
the south side of the pike, some two or three hundred 
yards east of the bridge. These enterprises added 
much to the convenience of the early settler; as be- 


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fore the mills were built, and sometimes after, when 
the water would get too low to grind, persons were 
compelled to go to Springfield, Zanesville or Chilli- 

For many years after these improvements were 
made there was no other road than a bridle path, mark- 
ed by blazed trees, leading to them; persons would 
come from great distances, and had to wait their turn, 
consequently many would try to reach the mill in the 
evening so as to be among the first on the following 
morning. The writer remembers quite well that this 
custom continued in practice by many, even until in the- 
fifties while his father was the miller at the Empire- 

Soon after the canal was constructed, Wm. H. Rich- 
ardson built a mill about two hundred yards east of the 
Groveport Lock on the north side of the canal ; it was 
built for a grist and saw-mill, and was about the size 
of Chaney's mill. For some reason the machinery for 
grinding was never put in, so it was used only as a 
saw-mill. It soon went to decay, and every trace of it 
is long since gone. 

In 1851-52 John Chaney and son (Oliver P) erect- 
ed a mill one mile west of Winchester, and named it 
the Empire Mills. It was 35 by 70 feet in size. This 
was one of the best mills in Central Ohio, and did a 
thriving business for many years. Sprague, George 
Bareis, 1854-1861, John F. Bauers, Wm. Evans, Joseph; 
Ashe and John C. Speaks were the successive millers.. 
In 1863 Joseph Rodenfels became proprietor, then Ro- 
denfels, Seymour (Moses) & Co. (Peter Brown) op- 
erated it a few years, when Samuel Bartlit purchased it 
at assignee's sale. In 1884 C. B. and D. H. Cowan put 

in a "Gradual Reduction Roller system*' consisting of 
3 H M T 


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an entirely new outfit of machinery, engine, etc. Ebe- 
nezer, Jones & Co. (Wm. T. Lewis) purchased it in 
August, 1894, and built a spur track from the Hocking 
Valley R. R. to the mill. On August 23, 1895, at about 
midnight it was discovered on fire, and with the cov- 
ered lattice bridge and a frame residence was totally 
destroyed. A. B. Gillett put up the mill building and 

Hoosac did the mill-wright work. Chas. W. 

Speaks built the mill-race. 

While the tail-race was being built, two of the Irish 
workmen, who had been to Winchester in the evening, 
on returning were drowned just below the lock. 

While Wm. Wilson and Leo Carson were fishing 
the following day, Mr. Carson's hook got fast to some 
object, when he got down near the edge of the bank 
and took the line in his hands, pulling it steadily, when 
suddenly the stiff corpse with extended arms of one of 
the drowned men came to the surface very near him. 

O. P. Chaney purchased the first wheat run through 
the mill of Jonathan Boyer, grandfather of "J^"^" J^f* 
fries, in November, 1852. Mr. Chaney was first to 
adopt the use of other than barrels as packages, in 
which to sell flour. On his trip to the California gold 
fields in 1849 ^^ observed the canvass sacks in which 
the flour from Chili was put up for transportation up 
the mountains. Soon after starting the Empire Mills 
he noticed the disadvantage of the small buyer who had 
to pay three cents per pound for his flour while those 
who could afford to buy it by the barrel paid only two 
cents. Remembering the canvass sacks, he purchased 
muslin and employed women to sew them. At first 
only half-barrel sacks were used, which required one 
square yard of muslin. Later the quarter-barrel size 
was also used. For the first two or three years the 


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sacks were not branded, and later by a hand stencil 

The Winchester Mills now operated by The Win- 
chester Milling Company — Chas. P. Bauman, Man- 
ager — was buik by Jacob Carty, M. C. Whitehurst, 
John Gehm and Abraham Lehman in 1868. The foun- 
dation was first started along the north side of the ca- 
nal, opposite the Yellow-Warehouse basin, but before 
much progress was made it was decided to build on the 
present site near the railroad which was then building. 
John Miller laid the brick and Wm. P. Miller did the 
carpenter work of the building. The Roller Process 
was put in in 1884. 

The consecutive millers have been George Bareis, 
John F. Bauers, Jacob Enderly, Joseph Stemler in 
1884, since which John Davis has been the miller. 
Other well known employes are: Wm. D. Beeks, 
book-keeper ; Wm. L. Watters, assistant miller ; Walter 
Mundell, M. Lecrone and Joshua A. Mathias, engin- 

Among the early saw-mills, besides those mentioned 
in connection with the grist-mills, was one on the John 
Rager farm, one on the David Martin farm, one on 
the C. R. McGuff ey farm, another on the southeast one- 
quarter of the school section built by John Swisher in 
1832. John Rhoads built one on the Hempy farm at 
an early day and later Samuel Hempy operated it for 
many years. 

John Thompson and George and Isaac Cowden 
built a woolen mill at Lock No. 19, about one mile west 
of Winchester in 1832 or 1833. It had two carding 
and one fulling machines. While Benjamin Kanode, 
a fuller, worked here one of his children fell into the 
lock and drowned. In 1843 J^dge John Chaney pur- 


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chased the interest of the Cowdens, and John M. 
Schoch bought out Thompson ; they operated it until 
1850, when Mr. Schoch sold his interest to Mr. Chaney, 
who then erected a new building at Lock No. 21, ta 
which place he removed most of the old machinery^ 
adding new machines and improvements from time to 
time until 1865 or 1870, when it was abandoned. The 
old frame is now a part of the barn at O. P. Chancy's 
track. One of the machines, used to raise the knap on 
woolen cloth, had a large cylinder covered with the 
seed pod of the Teasel. The use of the Teasel for this 
purpose perhaps explains why there are yet so many of 
these weeds along the canal banks in the neighborhood 
of the woolen mill. Next in importance, after the flour 
and saw-mill, to the settler, was the tannery. Quite a 
number of these were operated in this township, among 
which was one located in what is now the southwest 
corner of the garden on the Amos Bush farm ; another 
was operated by Samuel Hooper about two or three 
hundred yards northwest of Daniel Wright's residence ; 
Wm. Riley operated one in Winchester located at the 
northwest corner of Waterloo and Trine streets. Mr. 
Riley sold to John Thompson, and the latter sold to 
Reuben Trine, who operated it extensively for many 
years and finally removed it due south to the north side 
of the canal. While operated by J. W. Young in 1884 
it was destroyed by fire. 

The only market for the surplus live stock raised 
was in the eastern cities, and to buy up a drove of cat- 
tle and hogs and drive them to Philadelphia, Baltimore 
or other eastern markets often realized those, venture- 
some enough to undertake the risk of a broken mar- 
ket, large profits. It seems, however, but a question of 
time until disaster overtook those who engaged in this 


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«arly enterprise ; few succeeded, while many who had 
accumulated handsome estates lost all in these specu- 
lations. A large amount of money was required to buy 
up a drove, which usually consisted of from no to 
125 head of cattle and from 150 to 160 head of hogs. 
Three men were required to drive ; one to lead an ox, 
the "boss," six to ten cattle from the front, and the 
other in the rear. The cattle went single file about 
«ight to ten feet apart. It required from sixty to 
seventy-five days to make a trip, and the cost for feed 
and other expenses was from twelve to fifteen hundred 
dollars. Farmers along the route prepared feed lots 
and other conveniences, and often met the drovers sev- 
-eral miles out soliciting their patronage. The drovers 
usually sold their horses at the end of the trip and re- 
turned on the stage coaches. The above items, relat- 
ing to an industry that passed with the introduction of 
the railway, were received from the late William Black, 
of Circleville, who was an early resident of Madison 
Township, being related to the Rareys and a pupil of 
Thomas Hughes at the Rarey Academy. Mr. Black 
was engaged in buying and driving stock for the past 
^ixty years. He relates that in the early days all the hogs 
were weighed one at a time on steel-yards. The first 
cattle he ever shipped by rail he drove as far as Har- 
risburg. Pa., where he loaded them on cars ; five car 
loads (75 head) went to Philadelphia, and 17 car loads 
(256 head) to New York. It was then thought neces- 
sary that each of the fifteen cattle in a car should be 
tied with from 8 to 10 feet of rope. He also observed 
that "the oflFals that the early slaughter house proprie- 
tors threw into the streams now make millionaires. 


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In the winter of 1834-1835 Jacob B. Wert engaged 
in pork-packing near where Wm. Mason's tile yard is 
now located. Beginning November 13, he slaughtered 
about five hundred head of hogs per day — a total of 
35,000 during the season. Hogs were brought from 
the adjoining counties — Pickaway, Fairfield and Lick- 
ing — many of them a distance of from twenty-five to 
thirty-five miles. The oflfals were sold by the wagon 
loads to persons who peddled them over the country. 
This enterprise furnished employment to quite a num- 
ber of persons, as, besides the large number required 
in slaughtering and packing, many others found em- 
ployment in making the pork barrels, etc. The store- 
room and warehouse built by Mr. Wert, opposite the 
Town Hall in 1832, was later occupied by Wm. H. Ra- 
rey and James Cooken, and after a few years John 
Courtright became a member of the firm, which then, 
went under the name of Rarey, Courtright & Co. In 
the fall of 1846 Joseph Sharp was a member of this firm 
in place of Mr. Cooken, and some of the entries in an 
account book show that they received the following 
hogs from George Rarey, viz: "200 choice hogs at 
$2,000, 17 hogs same lot $101.43, 55 hogs last lot 
$323.17,'' a total of 272 hogs at $2,424.60. Their 
books show that they slaughtered 833 hogs amounting 
to $18,351. It required 1,866 pork barrels, and they 
employed a total of 87 persons. It seems that they 
simply slaughtered and packed the pork ready for mar- 
ket at so much per head, only buying now and then a 
small lot of hogs. 

In 1836 John Thompson, Wm. Seymour, Jacob 
Swisher, Wm. Curtis, Abe Harrison, Adam Kramer, 
John Solomon, George Rarey, Joseph Wright and 
others built the slaughter house in Winchester now 


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used by Mrs. C. Gayman as a barn, and operated it ex- 
tensively for a short time, when the venture proved a 
failure and was discontinued ; not, however, until sev- 
eral of those interested had lost all their means. 

Wm. Black says : "During one season in the early 
forties some nine thousand head of sheep were slaught- 
ered at Groveport by Jennings & Son ; the pelts were 
tanned and sold to the Land Office for parchments and 
the carcasses were 'tanked' (steamed) for the tallow." 
Comparatively few sheep have been raised in the town- 
ship, at an early day on account of wolves and other 
wild animals, and later because of the ravages of dogs. 
Stock raising and shipping has always been one of the 
leading industries of the township. 

The Tavern exerted its full share of influence among 
the early institutions. It not only furnished solid but 
liquid refreshments as well, and afforded under one 
roof all that was required in the way of store and gath- 
ering place for the neighborhood. One of the first tav- 
erns in the township was kept by Adam Rarey in a log 
house on section No. 28; later (in 1836) he built a 
brick one on the same site, some of the walls of which 
were used in the construction of the Rarey mansion. 
Isaac Decker kept one in a log house that stood on 
the present site of George Williams* residence in Mid- 
dletown. Another known as Cedar Grove was kept by 
Wm. D. Needels, just west of where the Columbus and 
Winchester pike crosses Big Walnut creek. A Mr. 
Blair kept one in a hewed log house, which then stood 
on the Columbus and Groveport pike opposite C. F. 
Needels' residence. Another called "Cross Keys" was 
kept at the cross-roads west of Swartz's tile yard on 
the Columbus and Winchester pike. Still another 
known as the "Obetz" was kept near where the Norfolk 


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& Western R. R. crosses the Groveport and Columbus 
pike ; these two latter buildings are still standing, al- 
though for many years abandoned as taverns. 

Persons wishing to open a tavern in the earliest 
times were required to file an application with the 
county officials and when granted were assessed a li- 
cense fee of one dollar. 

Soon after the pioneers came, orchards were set 
out ; this is especially true of peach trees, which grew 
quickly ; large crops were produced, the surplus being 
converted into peach brandy. As far as the writer 
could learn few distilleries were operated in this town- 
ship. Among those within convenient distance were 
the following: One along the run on Section No. 31, 
just south of Winchester; one operated by Samuel 
Loucks in connection with his mill ; others were lo- 
cated along the Winchester and Carroll road, at Kin- 
ney's run, Fisher's run, Dowdall's run, Hoshor's run 
(Jefferson), Alspach's run and Chaney's run. It is 
said that some persons made as much as six barrels of 
peach brandy in one season. A powder factory was op- 
erated at Waterloo by Judge John Chaney and Esq. 
John Donaldson at an early day. 

Perhaps the first brick house in the township was 

built by Smith in 1819 on the farm now owned 

by Jerry Alspach. One of the bricks in the wall bears 
the following inscription : '7<^^^^than French, his hand 
write, June i8th, 1819." 


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Not many persons settled in this township between 
1815 and 1825. Several causes might be mentioned 
why so few came. The principal one was the lack of 
a profitable market for the surplus produce ; -the 
streams furnished the only available means of transpor- 
tation. Only one attempt was made to reach New Or- 
leans from this township, when "in 1824 or 1825 
George H. Stevenson built a. flatboat and loaded it at 
Sharp's Mill, on Big Walnut creek, with flour, meal 
and pork. Daniel Ross took the cargo down, arriving 
safely, but took the yellow fever and died there." 
Judge John Chaney assisted in loading this boat. 
During the War of 181 2 prices had run up and times 
were good, but after peace had been declared and the 
government's purchases ceased, prices soon declined 
and no market could be found even at the extremely 
low prices which prevailed. Corn was 10 to 12 cents 
per bushel, wheat 20 to 25 cents, pork $1.50 per hun- 
dred. Many who had gone in debt could not meet 
back payments, so forced sales were the order of the 
day. Often not enough cash could be obtained to pay 
the taxes. Then a great deal of sickness prevailed, es- 
pecially in 1823 and 1824, when a terrible epidemic of 
fevers and ag^e and chills raged. Nearly everybody 
was sick; often not enough well persons could be 
found in a neighborhood to care for the sick and bury 


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the dead. The pioneers of those days referred espe- 
cially to the summer and fall of 1823 as a most discour- 
aging one. Among those who died in the township 
during these two seasons were: Billingsly Bull (a 
prominent citizen), Wm. Wright, Nicholas Hopkins^ 
Edward Hathaway, John Todd, Henry Longwell, Eliz- 
abeth Bowman, Mrs. Adam Kramer, Greazy Harrison,. 
Mrs. Thomas Featheringgill, Aaron Michael, Mrs. 
Wm. Seymour, Mrs. Elias Decker, Thomas Blakely^ 
Mrs. Morgan Belford, Mrs. John Moore, Mrs. Daniel 
Rainier, Mrs. Isaac Lanning, Mrs. Isaac Decker,. 
George A. Kelly, Mrs. John M. Thompson, Rebecca 
Rainier, and many others. 

Capt. A. E. Lee, in his History of Columbus, quotes 
from Mrs. D. W. Deshler's letters to friends in Penn- 
sylvania as follows: "October 4, 1823. — The sickness 
of this county does not abate. The distress that the 
citizens of this State and of this western country, and 
particularly this section of the State, labor under is 
unparalleled by anything I ever witnessed. This town 
(Columbus), and towns generally, have been awfully 
visited, and with such distress as I never wish to be- 
hold again, but at the same time nothing to compare 
with what has been endured in the thinly settled parts 
of the country. I could relate cases that would appeal 
incredible and impossible, some of which are these: 
In one instance a mother was compelled to dig a grave 
and bury her own child in a box that was nailed up 
by herself, without one soul to assist her. Only think 
of it ! Another case was that of a man, his wife and 
four children, who had settled three miles from any 
other house. The father, mother and all took sick, and 
not one was able to hand another a drink of water or 
make their situation known. At length a man in search 


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of his horse happened at the house to inquire, and found 
a dead babe four days gone, in the cradle, the other 
children dying, the father insensible, and the mother 
unable to raise her head from the pillow. 

In another family, ten in number, only a iew 
miles from town, all were sick except two small chil- 
dren, who actually starved to death, being too small to 
go to a neighbor's, or prepare anything for themselves.^ 

In numbers of families all have died, not one mem- 
ber remaining. 

A person a few days ago passed a house, a short 
distance from town, out of which they were just taking 
a corpse. One of the men told him there were three 
more to be buried the next morning, and a number sick 
in the same house. Such is the distress of our coun- 
try that the farmers can do no plowing, nor gather their 
com, potatoes, or anything else. You would be aston- 
ished to behold the faces of our citizens. There is not 
one, young or old, but that is of a dead yellow color^ 
No kind of business is going on except making cof- 
fins and digging graves." 


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TAX-PAYERS— 1825- 1855- J872. 

** IVho thinks that fortune cannot change her mind 
Prepares a dreadful jest for all mankind/' 

— Pope. 

The following lists of the property owners in Madi- 
son Township reveals the names of many former resi- 
dents that would not otherwise appear in this book. 
Besides a comparison of these lists with the present 
map of the township will furnish a fertile field for the 
sociological student on the fickleness of fortune. 

Even the casual reader must notice how that one 
generation by a "strenuous life" accumulates a compe- 
tence, only too often to be dissipated by the next. 

While it is a lamentable fact that "poverty often 
treads on the heels of riches/* there is also a brighter 
side to the picture — in the fact that an opportunity is 
thus afforded to the less fortunate, so that every young 
man or young woman who chooses may secure an es- 

List of Chattel Tax-Paye» In )825. 

Isaac Baker, John Baughman, Mary Bennett, Na- 
than Bennett, Jesse Blair, Samuel Blakely, Henry 
Bunn, James Barkey, John Beard, Joshua Burton, Sam- 
uel Bishop, Katherine Bull, R. Blakely, Geo. Bishop, 
John Blair, John Baker. 

Thos. Caventer, Wm. Crossley, Anthony Crum, 

Wm. Clevenger, Abraham Craun, Peter Cupp, Isaac 



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Craun, Oliver Codner, Emmer Cox, Chas. Chainey, 
Samuel Codner, John Craun, Chas. Cannon, Jacob 
Coble, Daniel Cams, Benj. Clevenger, Leven Culom, 
Jacob Chandler, Jacob Cazey, Joseph Cazey, Jasper 
Campbell, James Carson, John Chiles, Stewart Cor- 

Harmon Dildine, Joseph Decker, Thos. Deacon, 
Elias Decker, Andrew Decker, James Daugherty, Isaac 
Decker, Mary Decker, Andrew Dildine, Henry Dildine, 
Elisha Decker, Ephraim Davidson, Jane Delong, James 
Decker, Geo. Dowing, Isaac Davis. 

Thos. Elder, Wm. Elder, John Enslin, John En- 

Thos. Featheringale, Nicholas Foor, Joseph Foor,, 
Henry Fouse, Jacob Feasel, Frederick Frutchey. 

Zebulon Gibeson, Wm. Groom, John Groom, Thos, 
Groom, Ezekiel Groom, Wm. Goodman, Jacob Gander,. 
John Gander, Daniel Gybby, Thos. Gray, John Guffy. 

Adam Havely, Ann Hopkins, Jonathan Hertly, 
Mary Hughs, Walter Hughes, Philip Hooper, Samuel 
Hooper, Daniel Hetzell, John Hetzell, Philip Hetzell, 
John Huiston, Wm. D. Hendren. 

John Kooper, John Kile, Wm. Kile, Daniel Kramer, 
Geo. Kramer, John Kramer, Wm. King, Philip King, 
David King, Truman King, Sarah King, Jacob Kesler, 
Geo. Kalb, Thos. Kilpatrick, Geo. Kalb, Jr., John Kalb. 

Thos. Long. Peter Line, Zebulon Lee, Sarah I^e, 
Solomon Lee, Peter Long, Geo. Long, Peter Lirk (or 
Link), Zebulon Lee, Jr. 

Chas. Medford, Daniel Miller, David McCracken, 
Robt. Mossman, Ebenezer Mitchell, Jacob McClain^ 
Benj. Mullin. 

John Needels, Thos. D. Needels, Philoman Needels^ 
L^zzi Xeckerson. 


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Fred Osstott. 

Thos. Pattrick, James Peter, Wm. Patterson, John 
Patterson, Sylvanus Parker, James Pearcy, Philip Pon- 

Jacob Ruse, Owen Roberts, Wm. Ramsey, Jacob 
Hind, Jr., Wm. Richardson, Fred Rower, Adam Rarey, 
Parker Rarey, Chas. Rarey, Jr., James Ramsey, James 
Ramsey, Jr., Samuel Ramsey, Jete Roads, Thos. Rath- 
mell, Geo. Rohr, Benj. Rarey, Jacob Rind, Geo. Rarey, 
John Roads, Jacob Rush, John Rager, Wm. Ross, Chas. 

Jesse Seymour, Geo. Seymour, Abraham Shoema- 
ker, Samuel Stroud, John B. Solomon, John L. Solo- 
mon, John Sharp, Adam Sarber, Mary Smith, Archi- 
bald Smith, David Smith, Ebenezer Smith, Wm. Smith, 
Elizabeth Smith, Christian Sarber, Richard Stephen- 
son, John Swisher, John Stephenson, Zachariah Steph- 
enson, Geo. Stephenson, John Schoonover, Henry 
Schoonover, Abraham Schoonover, Richard Suddick. 

Isaac Tilburg (or berry), A. C. Taber, Geo. Titler, 
Peter Titler, Wm. Toll, Deake Taylor, David Taylor, 
John Trump, Nicholas Tussing, John Taylor, Matthew 
Taylor, Benj. Todd, Katherine Todd. 

Robt. Woolcoat, John Wright, Geo. Wood, John 
Wood, Geo. Wheeler, Thos. Wood, Robt. Wilson, 
Henry Whitzel, Joseph Whitzel, Samuel Whitman, 
Chas. Wood, Daniel Whitman, John Welton, Wm. 
Watson, Jacob Wender, John Winterstein, John A. 

Abraham Vorhis, John Vanoay. 

John Young. 

Horses were taxed at $3.00 each, and cattle at $1.00 
each. Houses were counted as chattel property and 
were taxed at the rate of $5.00 on the one hundred dol- 


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lars valuation. The largest taxpayers were: Wm. 
Smith, $39.50; Wm. Elder, $36.50; Thos. Gray, 
$33-oo; Wm. Richardson, $32.25; Emmer Cox, 
$30.75 ; John Kile, $30.00 ; Jacob Ruse, $28.00 ; Philo- 
mer Needels, $27.00; Chas. Rarey, Jr., $25.75. The 
following houses with their value appear on the Frank- 
lin county auditor's books : Wm. Elder, $550 ; Wm. 
Smith, $450; Jacob Ruse, $220; Thos. Gray, $220; 
Henry Bunn, $175; Emmer Cox, $175; Katherine 
Bull, $150; R. Blakely, $150; Philip Pontius, $150; 
Henry Schoonover, $150; John Kile, $140; Philomen 
Needels, $140; Geo. Bishop, $125; Henry Dildine, 
$125; John Gander, $125; Wm. Richardson, $125; 
Daniel Cams, $112.50; Chas. Rarey, Jr., $115; Jesse 
Blair, $110; Harmon Dildine, $iio| John and Geo. 
Wood, $110; and the following were lot owners in 
Oregon : John Blair, lots Nos. 28, 29, 30, 14 and east 
half of 13, valued at $112; Wm. Crossley, lots Nos. 
47, 67, valued at $140; Isaac Decker, lots Nos. i, 2, 3, 
4, 5, 6, 7, 20, 26, 33, 46, 56, 60, 68, 71, valued at $650; 
Mary Decker lot No. 52, valued at $25 ; Joseph Poor, 
lot Nos. 51 and 65, valued at $150; A. C. Titler, lot 
Nos. 25, 54, y2, 81, valued at $275; Geo. Titler, lot 
Nos. 2T, 31, 32, west \ of 13, valued at $150; Peter 
Titler, lot No. 33, valued at $25 ; Wm. Foil, lot Nos. 
53 and 63, valued at $100; Deake Decker, lot No. 55, 
valued at $25. The following eight persons owned ten 
or more horses and cattle : Wm. Richardson, 5 horses 
and II cattle; John Kile, 5 horses and 8 cattle; 
Emmer Cox, 5 horses and 7 cattle ; Philomen Needels, 
4 horses and 8 cattle ; Geo. Kalb, 3 horses and 9 cat- 
tle; Fred Rower, 4 horses and 7 cattle; Chas. Rarey, 

4 horses and 7 cattle ; Chas. Rarey, Jr., 5 horses and 

5 cattle. 


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The following tax-payers lived in Fairfield county 
in territory now in Franklin county : John Algire, Jacob 
Algire, Greenburg Ashley, Chas. Bowen, Thos. 
Bowen, Robt. Bowen, John Bannister, Ammon Butler^ 
Francis Byerly, John Cramer, Philip Cramer, Adam 
Cramer, Michael Cramer, Jacob Coffield, James Can- 
non, John Coleman, Jr., Amos Davis, Henry Dove,. 
Geo. Dove, Reuben Dove, Elisha Decker, Henry Fry,. 
Stephen Glanville, Elizabeth Hathaway, Nancy Hath- 
away, Simon Helpman, Simon Hittman, Abraham 
Harris, John Hoff, Evan Hughes, Edward Hathaway^ 
Bannibas Johnson, Ludwig Kramer, Andrew Love, 
Gersham Lee, Elisha McCracken, James Needels, Wm. 
Perrin, David Painter, Abraham Plummer, Peter Rob- 
inold, Wm. Stevenson, Geo. K. Stevenson, Moses 
Starr, Jacob Shoemaker, Henry Slife, John Slife, Ul- 
rick Slife, Daniel Slife, John Swayzy, Sr., John 
Swayzy, Jr., John Tallman, Philii^ Zimmer and John 


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*'List of the land ozvners in 1855" by sections, 
beginning at the northeast corner of the township: 

Section No. 6, B. F. Mumach, Joseph Vande- 
mark, John Wright, E. McCracken; No. i, S. Hempy, 
M. Brown, J. N. Peters, Jonathan Ruse, Emanuel 
Ruse, George Needels, school house; No. 2, John 
Wright (occupied by H. Geese), George Needels 
(occupied by J. Swanger), John Wright (occupied 
by J. Docterman), H. Miller, J. A. Kile's heirs; No. 3, 
Jared Forsman, Truro Presbyterian church, Dr. A. 
A. Shortt, Abraham Swisher's heirs, Mrs. M. Patter- 
son, P. Shoemaker ; No. 4, James Carson heirs, Alfred 
Gray (occupied by J. D. Goss, Matthew Brown, John 
McGuffey; No. 5, Thos. Gray, W. D. Needels (Cedar 
Grove Tavern), Philip Swartz (Cross Keys Tavern), 
M. Stack (shoeshop), J. Burkey; No. 6, J. A. Sud- 
dick, John Heil (school house), A. Magles, J. Click- 
enger*s heirs, J. and W. E. Carson, J. Spangler (saw 
mill), Wm. Stout heirs, W. H. Chain, Geo. Moore; 
No. 7, Philip Helsel, Daniel Helsel heirs, Jacob Rohr, 
John Behm, Wm. Helsel heirs; No. 8, Wm. D. 
Needels, James Needels, John A. Needels, John Helsel, 
Wm. H. Helsel, Jacob Rohr, Joseph Burkey's heirs; 
Ko. 9, Thos. Needels (White Chapel church), J. 
A. Kiles heirs. Widow Winterstein, Wm. D. Needles, 
John M. McGuffey, Joseph Needels; No. 10, Rev. 
Jacob Bowman, John McGuffey, Wm. Whims, J. L. 
Stevenson, Thos. Needels; No. 11, Wm. Leidey, Jacob 
Bowman, Isaac Kalb, Jerry Kalb, J. A. Kiles heirs, 

4 H. M. T. 


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Wm. Whims, N. A. Stevenson ; No. 12, Wm. Wilder- 
muth, N. Algire, John Wright* (Res.), Samuel Det- 
wiler, Isaac Kalb; No. 7, W. K. Algire, M. J. Stev- 
enson, S. Algire, J. Algire, Wm. Perrin, A. B. Stev- 
enson; No. 18, A. B. Stevenson, J. E. Stevenson 
(grave yard, removed to Union Grove), Daniel Bush, 
M. G. Stevenson, John Good, G. Harpst ; No. 13, John 
Wright, Joshua Stevenson, Peter Bott, Andrew 
Whims, John Alspach, Pitts Brown heirs; No. 14, 
Geo. W. Kalb, Huffman and Ferguson (school house), 
N. A. Stevenson, J. S. Stevenson, Jeremiah Kissel, 
John Kelchner, James Needels; No. 15, J. L. Steven- 
son, A. Whims, W. S. Hopkins, T. Needels, John 
Cable, Thos. Patterson, Oliver Codner, J. A. Kile's 
heirs, Fred Swisher; No. 16, owned by township 

school board (occupied, northeast quarter by ; 

southeast quarter by S. Jobs, northeast quarter by J. 
Arnold, southwest quarter by Augustus Sallee) ; 
No. 17, Frederick Rerey, T. J. Bennett, A. and J. 
Swisher, J. W. Kile's heirs; David Sarber, J. G. Ed- 
wards; No. 18, Geo. Fisher, John G. Edwards, J. 
Spangler, Dr. J. P. Bywaters, John Swisher; No. 
19, Geo. H. Earhart, R. A. Kile's heirs, John Sharp 
heirs, S. E. H. Kile, Henry Whetzel heirs; No. 20, 
T. C. Hendren (school house), Robert Hendren, Ka- 
lita Sallee, D. Wagner, W. Wildermuth, H. Whetzel, 
Jr. (school house) ; No. 21, Fred Swisher (saw mill), 
David Whetzel, C. W. Rarey, W. H. Rarey, Wm. 
McCormick, Jacob H. Rees; No. 22, Henry Kramer, 
Jesse Dildine, O. Codner, Jr., Thos. C. Hendren, 
Joseph Dildine; No. 23, Pitts Brown heirs, P. Tus- 
sing, James T. Peircy's heirs, James Needels, L. C. 
Henderson, Jacob Hornung, Moses Seymour; No. 
24, John R. Wright, Nathaniel Tallman, Abraham 


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Lehman, Geo. Hoffman (Menonite church), Geo. T. 
Wheeler, Samuel Wheeler; No. 19, David Kramer, 
Emanuel Sparr, Chas. Brown, N. Tallman; No. 30, 
John Kramer, town of Winchester, A. Lehman, Sam- 
uel Bartlitt, Samuel Deitz (graveyard), C. Bellinger, 
Abe Hunsicker ; No. 25, A. Lehman, Peter Bott, John 
Chaney and son (Empire mills), E. B. Decker, Jacob 
Sarber, John Chaney (school house, woolen mill and 
lock house). Rev. H. Hendren, W. Mason heirs, Abe 
Harris, Wm. Smith heirs, Jane Smith; No. 26, John 
Rager (saw mill), John Seymour, Moses Seymour, 
Jesse Seymour (school house) ; No. 27, Jesse Dildine, 
T. D. Dildine, Babcock & Co., Wm. Seymour, Jacob 
Dildine, Frederick Heffinger, H. Dildine, Wm. T. 
Decker; No. 28, town of Groveport, W. H. Rarey, 
W. T. Decker (graveyard), Abraham Sharp (Baptist 
church, toll gate), Samuel Sharp, Lewis Shirey; No. 
29, James Needles, Thos. Blakely, A. Sharp, Samuel 
Sharp, Joseph Sharp heirs; No. 30, Jacob Arnold, 
Wesley Toy, John Cox (surveyor), Henry Whetzel 
heirs; No. 31, Wesley Toy, L. Rarey, Wm. Neil & 
Co., John Cox (occupied by H. J. Cox), M. Groom, 
Frederick Bunn (occupied by Cook), McBride, Shel- 
don & Co., Wm. Rohr ; No. 32, Samuel Sharp, Parker 
Rarey, Moses Seymour, A. Sharp; No. 33, Wm. T. 
Decker, Joseph Sharp heirs, L. Rarey, Parker Rarey; 
No. 34, Wm. Seymour, Wm. T. Decker, Solomon 
Woodring, Samuel Leigh (school house) ; No. 35, 
John Seymour, Samuel O. Hendren, Wm. Seymour, 
Solomon Woodring, H. Dildine; No. 36, John Deitz, 
H. Dellinger heirs, Abraham Harris, G. Ordell heirs, 
J. Seymour, S. O. Hendren (graveyard) ; No. 31, 
John Colman, John Schrock, Philip Zimmer, Lewis 
Kramer (graveyard), Samuel Deitz, John Deitz, Geo. 


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Fisher (grist and saw mill), Geo. Kramer; No. i^ 
Daniel Crouse, A. Johns, Wm. Peer, J. Bishop, town 
of Oregon, (school house), C. P. Dildine, H. Strode 
heirs, Solomon and Geo. S. Dildine; No. 2, Henry 
Dildine, C. P. Dildine, M. Welton (graveyard) ; No. 

3, Daniel Leigh, Morgan Sorrel, Jesse Welton heirs,. 
Cornelius Black, Thomas Black, Adam Havely; No. 

4, V. E. Vogle, A. Rarey, Parker Rarey, Edward 
Gares (graveyard), Charles Pontius, Adam Havely; 
No. 5, W. H. Bishop (wagon shop), Ed. Gares, Cas- 
per Limpertj Dr. G. L. Smith, Charles Pontius, W. 
H. Pyle (school house), Frederick Bunns (black- 
smith shop) ; No. 6, Chas. Rohr, Geo. Rohr, Milton 
Finks heirs; No. 7, E. E. Groom, Fred Bunn, W. H. 
Harrison, Elias Shook, Joseph Wright; No. 8, Fred 
Bunn, Charles Pontius, Henry Long, Moses Groom, 
J. Miller, Samuel Murphy, A. L. Perrill ; No. 9, Thos. 
Groom (Hopewell church and graveyard), J. Sawyer, 
Chas. Pontius, Mrs. Grooms heirs; No. 10, S. M. C. 
Gibby, John Seymour, Harmon Dildine, . L. Ramsey 
heirs; No. 11, S. M. C. Gibby, Rev. Samuel Wilson, 
Joseph Decker, J. Welton; No. 12, John Bacher, John 
Blackwood, George Long (school house). 

The following is a list of persons owning two 
hundred or more acres of land in Madison township 
in 1855. The figures give the number of acres: 
Samuel Sharp, 700; John Wright, 680; Wm. T. 
Decker, 602; Joseph Burkey, 552; Frederick Bunn, 
548; Chas. Pontius, 536; John Seymour, 496; Henry 
Dildine, 420 ; Thos. Groom, 375 ; Samuel O. Hendren, 
356; Jared Forsman, 350; Harmon Dildine, 340; 
Nathaniel Tallman, 337; John M. McGuffey, 334; 
George Long, 320; Milton Fink heirs, 316; Wm. Sey- 


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mour, 312; Parker Rarey, 312; Moses Seymour, 296 
C P. Dildine, 289; Joseph Sharp heirs, 278; W. D 
Needels, 276J; Geo. Needels, 273; Wm. Whims, 269 
John G. Edwards, 262; Abraham Swisher heirs, 260 
Adam Havely, 254 ; Philip Helsel, 243 ; Thos. Needels 
240; Abraham Lehman, 238; S. M. C. Gibby, 226 
John Sharp heirs, 225; John Bacher, 220; Samuel 
Leigh, 220; L. Rarey, 220; Thos. Gray, 217; J. A. 
Kile heirs, 216; Solomon Woodring, 210; Jesse Dil- 
dine, 208 ; Joseph Dildine, 207 ; Samuel Detwiler, 200 ; 
Elihu McCracken, 194; Abraham Sharp, 191. 

Land owners in 1872, beginning at the north- 
east corner of the township: 

Section No. 6, S. Hempy, G. French, J. Dovel, 
A. French, A. M. Selby, J. W. Wingert, John Wright, 
J. R. Vandemark, H. Algire, Mrs. R. "Holbert and 

E. McCracken; section No. i, S. Hempy, J. O'Roark, 
D. Motts, Geo. King, G. W. Groves, J. W. Peters, 
E- Ruse, G. W. Ruse, and Geo. Needels; section No. 
2, John Wright, J. M. Montgomery, H. Miller, and 
Geo. Needels; section No. 3, Zadok Vesey, Truro 
Presbyterian church, S. A. Needels and Wm. Purdy; 
section No. 4, R. E. & S. Brown, J. S. Carson, Mrs. 
M. E. Whetzel, M. Brown, Alfred Gray, John Mc- 
Guffey, L. Spencer and Wm. Baird; section No. 5, 
C. H. Gray, R. S. Gray, M. A. Gray, S. H. Whims, 
Philip Swartz, Lewis Schleppi, M. Barrett, V. Zimmer, 

F. Spangler, J. R. Leasure, Wm. Baird and Peter E. 
Swartz ; section No. 6, Lewis Schleppi, Philip Swartz, 
John Heil, C. Maley, Alex. Chickenger, Robert Scott, 
J. Burkey, Peter E. Swartz, H. J. Schleppi, D. Span- 
gler, J. Spangler and Geo. Moore; section No. 7, 
Joseph Behm, G. W. Helsel, John Behm, Adam Helsel, 


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M. V. Weber, I. Worthington, T. Helsel, A. Rohr, 
and Elias Johnson ; section No. 8, A. J. Taylor, Behm 
heirs, M. A. Needels, S. R. Helsel, Jacob Rohr, guar- 
dian, J. A. Needels, Jacob Rohr, and M. Rohr heirs; 
section No. 9, Geo. W. Needels, R. J. Needels, Asbury 
Church, John McGuffey, Mrs. S. A. Kile, J. W. Kile, 
Mrs. S. A. Needels, A. T. Brown, and L. J. Needels; 
section No. 10, Jacob Bowman, Wm. Whims, Almira 
Needels, Sarah Ann Needels, and Mrs. M. B. Steven- 
son; section No. 11, Wm. Leidy, Jacob L. Bowman, J. 
Leidy, Geo. Needels, H. Miller, Jacob Bowman, I. 
Kalb's heirs, Jerry Kalb, Wm. Whims and N. A. Stev- 
enson; section No. 12, A. K. Whims, Samuel Detwiler,. 
John Wright and I. Kalb's heirs; section No. 7, W. 
K. Alkire, S. H. Whims, James Pickering, James 
Lawrence, and A. Bowman; section No. 18, James 
Lawrence, L E. Stevenson, Jacob Bowman, Chas. and 
Amos Bush and Noah Lehman; section No. 13, John 
Wright, S. Kramer, A. Alspaugh, John Alspaugh, A. 
B. Stevenson, Sam and Joe Lehman, John S. Lehman^ 
and Samuel Shoemaker; section No. 14, Geo. W. 
Kalb, N. A. Stevenson, J. S. Stevenson, John Court- 
right, Chaney & Decker, Jacob Bachman, and Chas. 
Weber; section No. 15, Wm. Kramer, Mrs. M. B. 
Stevenson, Thomas Patterson, O. Codner heirs, Jacob 
Coble, Mrs. A. Codner, Israel Swisher and Fred 
Swisher; section No. 16, school section, occupied by 
Sylvester Carruthers, H. C. Swisher, Albert Young 
and J. W. Cromwell; section No. 17, F. Rarey, R* 
Hendren, G. H. Kalies, John G. Edwards, Mrs. M. 
Kile, Wm. Wildermuth and B. Hendren; section No. 

18, John G. Edwards, C. L. Emde, L. Emde, Edwards 
Station, L. Merle, and Geo. L. Converse; section No. 

19, W. K. Cox, S. E. H. Kile, W. P. Sharp, John 


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Xau, Mrs. T. S. Doherty, John F. Kile, Robt. A. Kile, 
and Henry Obetz; section No. 20, T. C. Hendren 
heirs, A. T. Hendren, R. A. Kile, Wm. Wildermuth, 
Kalita Sallee and Jacob Stoutzenbarger ; section No. 
21, Frederick Swisher, H. C. Swisher, W. H. Rarey, 
Frederick Rarey, D. Whetzel and Wm. Vance ; section 
No. 22, Eliza McGuffey, B. C. Sims, J. T. Simms, 
Oliver Codner heirs, A. T. Hendren, S. E. Hendren, 
Thos. Fagan, J. W. Simms, P. W. Simms, Robt. F. 
Dildine, Frederick Swisher, Belinda Simms, W. H. 
Rager, and Mrs. C. Zinn ; section No. 23, David Mar- 
tin, Jacob Bachman, Jeff Hosier, John Wright, Philip 
C. Tussing, and Wm. M. Simms; section No. 24, 
Isaac Lehman, Menenite Church, L. Shoemaker, 
David Martin, P. Bond, toll gat.., Geo. T. Wheeler, 
John Rohr, Jr., and Samuel Wheeler ; section No. 19, 
Henry W. Shaffer, Mrs. T. Sparr, Mrs. C. Warner, 
Adam Warner, Lovina Brown, Mrs. Mary Brown, 
John Brown, Wm. Brown and Nathaniel Tallman; 
section No. 30, Jacob Moore, John Kramer, Abraham 
Lehman, Canal Winchester, E. B. Decker, Samuel 
Bartlitt and Samuel Deitz; section No. 25, Samuel 
Wheeler, Simon Alspach, O. P. Chaney, Joseph Bur- 
goon, J. and J. Rodenfels Empire Mills, C. Doss, John 
Chaney Woolen Factory, John Rager, Robert Thrush, 
Peter Brown and Chaney, Decker & Co. ; section No. 
.26, John Rager, Mrs. F. L. Wilson, Moses Seymour 
and Wm. and M. Seymour ; section No. 2^^ R. F. Dil- 
dine, A. McCoy, Madison township fair grounds, M. 
Corbett, M. Zinn, G. L. Smith, W. P. Seymour, Mrs. 
R. Seymour, Mrs. M. Jones and Wm. T. Decker; 
section No. 28, M. Corbett, Groveport, A. S. and N. S. 
McCormick, A. Sharp, S. Alspach, Z. C. Payne, Mrs. 
M. Jones, Wm. T. Decker, Joseph Smith and Wm. 


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H. Rarey ; section No. 29, J. Watson, G. Kentz, Thos. 
Blakely, C. F. Needels, J. Nau, Adaline Woods, D. 
C. Weaver, Joseph Smith, Wm. Hanstine, W. Salz- 
gaber, C. Salzgaber, and A. Sharp; section No. 30, 
T. P. Arnold, John Cox, Wesley Toy's heirs, J. E. 
Swisher and Wm. McClish; section No. 31, Wesley 
Toy's heirs, Stephen Smith, Sarah E. Harris, Thos. 
Fagan, Absalom Rohr and Lewis Bunn; section No. 
32, A. Sharp, Joe Smith, J. G. Sharp, Thos. Fagan, 
G. Rarey, H. Rarey, Smith & Gould, Mrs. S. Rarey, 
J. Cheeseman, and Wm. H. McCarty; section No. 33, 
Wm. T. Decker, Joseph Smith, Rarey heirs, G. Rarey 
and Hunter Rarey; section No. 34, W. Seymour, J. 
Anderix, Wm. T. Decker, Fred Klamforth, and 
Samuel Leigh ; section No. 35, Andrew Wilson, * 
Samuel O. Hendren, Mrs. E. Seymour, Thos. Sey- 
mous, R. Seymour, W. Seymour, Jas. D. and P. Decker 
and Samuel S. Christ; section No. 36, Eh'sha B. 
Decker, Chaney, Decker & Co., Phil. C. Harris, L. 
Alspach, M. Beglin, P. J. Dill and Elias Decker; sec- 
tion No. 31, John R. Wright, M. E. Schrock, Samuel 
Deitz, E. J. Davidson, Jacob Sarber, Henry Arnold, 
Daniel Bergstresser, B. F. Ashbrook and A. Bruns; 
section No. i, David Crouse, P. J. Dill, Aug. Sallee, 
Oregon, Elias Decker, P. & E. McCarty, Milton Cum- 
mins, Jacob Bishop, Geo. W. Lisle and E. Smith; 
section No. 2, Elias Decker, F. Dildine, C. P. Dildine, . 
G. W. Lisle, M. F. Sites and Josiah Flattery; section 
No. 3, Daniel Leigh, A. B. Rarey, C. Black, Thomas 
Black, Adam Havely, G. S. Dildine, J. A. Bigelow and 
Wm. Peer; section No. 4, S. Sharp, M. A. Kelley, 
Hunter Rarey, C. L. Pontius, Chas. Pontius, and H. 
R. Rarey; section No. 5, W. H. Bishop, G. L. Smith, 
R. Rarey, F. G. Pontius, and Phil. Pontius; section 


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No. 6, Chas. Rohr, John Rohr, John Lincoln, I. Hud- 
dle, Hannah Wolf, Wm. H. McCarty, and A. Sawyers ; 
section No, 7, J. L. Bunn, E. Groome, Samuel Stewart, 
T. M. Murphy, W. H. Harrison, and J. Wright's 
heirs ; section No. 8, Chas. Pontius, J. L. Bunn, N. H. 
Bunn, Phfl. Pontius, M. H. Kelly, H. Long, S. Mur- 
phy, F. Miller and A. L. Perrell ; section No. 9, 
Thomas Groom, Chas. Pontius. Mrs. C. Sawyer, Hope- 
well M. E. Church and Philip Pontius ; section No. 10, 
Geo. Seymour, Chaney Decker & Co., Daniel Leigh 
and A. B. Rarey; section No. 11, Wm. Whaley, Miss 
J. Welton, Geo. Long, P. S. Long, Nathan Whaley, 
and Chaney, Decker & Co.; section No. 12, Jeremiah 
Runkle, Samuel Runkle, Geo. Long, and John Black- 

The following owned a quarter section or more 
in 1872: John Wright. 819 acres; Chaney, Decker & 
Co., 640; E. B. Decker, 160; Madison township school 
section, 640 ; Zadok Vessy, 572 ; Wm. T. Decker, 530 ; 
John G. Edwards, 522; Wm. Whims, 448; A. B. 
Rarey, 411; Thomas Groome, 374; George Needels, 
367; Joseph Smith. 353; Abram Sharp, 332; Geo. L. 
Converse, 334; N. Tallman, 328; Elias Decker, 323; 
George Long. 320 ; James Lawrence, 300 ; Jacob Bow- 
man, 297; Samuel O. Hendren, 280; John McGuffey, 
261; Mrs. M. B. Stevenson, 256; Wm. Wildermuth, 
251; Peter E. Swartz, 246; Chas. Rohr, 245; David 
Martin, 231; G. L. Smith, 219; Samuel Leigh. 220; 
John Rager, 210; Samuel Deitz, 209; Jacob Rohr, 
209; Wesley Toy heirs, 205; Mr. and Mrs. Andrew 
Wilson, 201; Frederick Swisher, 200; Moses Sey- 
mour, 200,^ William Peer, 200; S. R. Helsel, 200; 
Jacob Coble, 200; Chas. Pontius, 193; Wm. H. Rarey, 
192; Samuel Detwiler, 190; F. G. Pontius, 190; Philip 

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Pontius, 192; Elihu McCracken, 189; S. H. Whims, 
187; John Behm, 182; Jacob Bishop, 182; J. P. Ar- 
nold, 180; Geo. W. Lisle, 176; A. K. Whims, 171; 
Abraham Lehman heirs, 170; Thos. Pagan, 168; W. 
K. Algire, 165; W. H. McCarty, 164; J. L. Bunn,. 
167; Samuel Wheeler, 160; John Courtright, 160; 
and Mrs. M. Jones, 160. 


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** Life on the Erie canal 
A home on the tozv path side. 
Where the boats go up and down 
Sailing against the tide, 
Our boafs an hundred feet long, 
With the rudder hitched on behind. 
Our crew consists of a man 
And a mule thafs almost blind. 
And when we want to stop 
ril tell you how we do — 
We all catch hold of the hinder rope 
And call out Whoa\ ho\ ho\ 
And call out Whoa \ ho\ ho !" 

— From an old song. 

The legislation regarding the Ohio and Erie Canal 
is entirely too voluminous to find a place in this vol- 
ume; we could not, however, resist giving space to- 
some extracts which in a measure reveal some of the 
advantages sought and some of the difficulties to be 

Governor Ethan A. Brown said in his inaugural 
address, December 14, 1818: "If we would raise the 
character of our state by increasing industry and our 
resources it seems necessary to improve the internal 
communications, and to open a cheaper way to market 
for the surplus produce of a large portion of our 
fertile country." (59) 


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On January 7, 18 19, the following resolution was 
introduced in the Ohio legislature: 'That a com- 
mittee * * * be appointed to take into consider- 
ation * * * the construction of a canal connect- 
ing the waters that flow into Lake Erie with those 
that flow into the Ohio river; that said committee be 
instructed to inquire into the expediency of authoriz- 
ing the governor to procure one or more skillful engi- 
neers for the purpose of exploring and ascertaining 
the most eligible route for the foundation of said 
canal." In his message January 8, 1819, Governor 
Brown said: "You will bear in mind that our pro- 
ductions which form our only great resources are gen- 
-erally of that bulky and ponderous description, as to 
need every easement in conveyance that we can afford. 
* * * I have already evinced an anxiety on this 
subject, excited by a strong sense of its vital im- 
portance. Roads and canals are veins and arteries 
to the body politic, that diffuse supplies, health, vigor 
and animation to the whole system. * * * Na- 
ture strongly invites us: * * * the aspect of the 
face of this state announces capabilities for the grand 
object in question, exceeded, I presume, by few re- 
gions of the same extent." Again, in his message of 
December 7, 18 19, he says: "Ihope for your indul- 
gence, in pressing upon you a subject of so great and 
general interest to the state. Your observation must 
have perceived that our principal obstruction to the 
removal of the commercial distress consists in the 
cost and difficulty of transporting to market those pro- 
ductions which constitute our great and almost only 
resource, for regaining and preserving the balance 
of trade. * * * My conviction of the usefulness 
of obtaining the information and estimates, which skill 


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and experience can impart * * * induces me to 
request that the measure recommended last season, 
of appointing a civil engineer, may again be consid- 
ered." Under date of January 20, 1820, according to 
a resolution of the House passed on January 14, Gov- 
ornor Brown submitted a very comprehensive docu- 
ment to the legislature, embodying a description of 
the general features of the territory lying between 
Lake Erie and the Ohio river, an estimate of the cost 
of construction and maintenance, and a plan by which 
the expense could be met; this later proposition pro- 
vided that either the State of Ohio should purchase 
from Congress four million acres of land at $1.50 
per acre adjoining the route of the proposed canal 
which it was thought could be readily sold for $3.00 
or more per acre after the canal was once in operation, 
or, second, that Congress should be asked 'to cede 
two sections to the state, retaining every third section, 
with the understanding that the state complete the 
canals, when Congress would be reimbursed by the 
advanced price which would be obtained for the sec- 
tions retained." January 31, 1822, "an act" was 
passed, authorizing the governor to appoint an engi- 
neer to make surveys of the county between Lake 
Erie and the Ohio River, and a canal commission was 

Almost every section of the state was anxious that 
the canal should be located for its convenience, and 
this condition made the choice of an engineer — who 
was expected to have considerable influence in locating 
the route — an important matter; James Geddes of 
Xcw York State was appointed and made a preliminary 
survey during the summer of 1822, and reported the 
result to the Legislature under date of January 4, 


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1823. The Canal Commissioners were then authorized 
to secure "rights of way," grants of land, and sub- 
scriptions in aid of the canals, and to ascertain whether 
loans of money could be made. Little progress was 
made by the surveyors during the season of 1823 on 
account of the prevailing sickness, mention of which 
is made elsewhere in this volume. Under date of 
January 24, 1824, the commissioners say: "It was 
found impossible to keep an engineer's party together 
ior active service, on account of the sickliness of the 
season," and "Few of the surveying parties were able 
to preserve their health or continue their services for 
more than a week at a time." 

February 24, 1825, "An Act" passed the Legis- 
lature authorizing the Canal Commissioners to "Com- 
mence and prosecute the making of a navigable canal 
on the Muskingum and Scioto route, so called, from 
the Ohio river at or near the mouth of the Scioto 
river, by the way of the Licking summit and the 
Muskingum river to Lake Erie, commencing at the 
Licking summit." Thirty-four members of the Senate 
voted yea, and only two voted nay; fifty-eight mem- 
bers of the House voted yea, and 13 voted nay. The 
first shovel full of earth was dug up by Governor 
DeWitt Clinton of New York on July 4, 1825, at the 
place designated — Licking summit. The following 
advertisement, which explains itself, appeared in the 
Civil Engineer and Herald of Internal Improvement, 
a weekly published by John Kilbourn at Columbus, 
October 11, 1828: *'Ohio Canal proposals will be re- 
ceived on the 14th day of November next, at Lan- 
caster, for the construction of forty-three miles of 
canal, lying between the Licking Summit and Circle- 
Tille. Twenty-eight to thirty locks, with two aque- 


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ducts and a dam across Walnut creek are included 
in the work to be let. Bidders, who are unknown as 
contractors to the acting commissioner, will be expected 
to accompany their propositions with recommenda- 
tions of a substantial and unquestionable character. 
Plans and specifications of the work may be seen at 
the office in Lancaster at any time after the loth of 
November. M. T. Williams, Acting Commissioner, 
October lo, 1828.'' 

The following are among the most interesting 
local proposals: "Section No. 54 is on my inclosed 
field, therefore I claim the right to it if I think proper 
at such bid lower than my own, Adam Rarey" "Sec- 
tion No. 52 being mostly on my land, I claim my pro- 
prietary right of taking it at the lowest responsible 
bid, if I should wish to do so. — W. H, Richardson:' 
**Section No. 43 being on my own land, I will under- 
take it at the lowest responsible bid, and will be grati- 
fied if the job shall be awarded to me at a fair price, 
as it would be pleasanter to me on my account. — Abra- 
ham Harrison." The above proposition was accom- 
panied by a letter of recommendation from Jacob Clay- 
pole, "Micagal T. Williams, Esq. — Sir : A good part 
of section No. 42 being on my land, it would be desir- 
able for me to have the job. I therefore offer to com- 
plete said section including all the work thereon at 
the lowest responsible bid. Given under my hand, this 
14th day of November, 1828. — Reuben Dove." Sec- 
tion No. 36, I want to take through my own land at a 
responsible bid, but not bound. — Samuel Loucks." 

The sections varied in length according to the 
amount of labor required. The contracts contained 
a description of the various kinds of work to be done 
and the stipulated price of each item. For instance. 


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the bid of W. H. Richardson on section No. 52. 
Grubbing, $3.00 per chain; excavation, 8c per yard; 
solid rock, 75c ; detached rock, 25c ; embankment, loc ; 
excavation for lock and culvert, 20c ; stone work, per 
perch, $4.00; puddling culvert, 20c. We were un- 
able to find a bid, or contract, other than that of Mr. 
Dove's, on section No. 42, but according to common 
report J. L. Vance had the contract. Abbott, Abbott 
& Sherlock had Nos. 43, 45, 58, 62 and 63, for which 
they received $8,921.82; Samuel, James G. Samuel, 
Jr., and Wm. G. Hand had sections Nos. 44, 47 and 48 
for $17,490.67; Daniel B. McConnell, Elias S. Cun- 
ningham, Edward Lewis and Edward Byers had sec- 
tion No. 46 at $5,477.34 ; Jacob L. Vance had section 
No. 49 for $3,005.27. The proposition for section No. 
49 was written in Egyptian characters. W. H. Rich- 
ardson had sections Nos. 51 and 52 for $2,937.83 ; Wm. 
Love & Loy had sections Nos. 53, 71 and 74; they got 
$2,920.99 for section No. 53; F. Cunningham, Wm. 
Bland, Thos. Perkins and Andrew Green had section 
No. 54 — ^through Groveport — for $1,595.77. Adam 
Rarey's bid for the bridge across the canal on Main 
street, Groveport, was $200.00. This bridge was ex- 
actly 214 miles from Cleveland. Wm. Butt had sec* 
tions Nos. 55 and 56 for $3,869.33. Jacob L. Vance 
and Thomas Gray had section No. 57 for $1^867.71. 
Thaddeus Williams, Mathew Clark, Aaron Clark and 
Jonathan Foster had sections Nos. 59 and 60. Joseph 
Fassett and Lucius Mower had sections Nos. 64, 65, 
67, 68 and 69 for $47,015.90. A. Smith and John Pat- 
terson had section No. 66. Sections Nos. 44, 46, 47 
and 48 had locks ; these were first built of stone quar- 
ried in the neighborhood of Lithopolis, and were rebuilt 
in 1846 to 1852 with stone brought from the Hocking 


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valley. The locks are numbered — beginning west of 
Winchester (Chaney's Mill), Nos. 19, 20 (Woolen 
Factory) No. 21, and east of Groveport No. 22. Nos. 
19 and 22 were rebuilt in- 1845-46. 

The Canal Commissioners in their annual report, 
under date of January 11, 1832, after referring to the 
State Dam across Little Walnut creek, say: "About 
five miles below this point the canal receives water 
from Racer's run feeder three-fourth of a mile ia 
length ; and through the same feeder from Blacklick,. 
a branch of Big Belly creek, the waters of which are 
thrown into Rager's run by a cheap and shallow cut. 
* * * This feeder is a valuable acquisition to the 
canal." Nathaniel Bray built this feeder in the sum- 
mer of 1832 for $735.30. It was only used a few years 
when it was abandoned. Traces of a trench dug 
through a portion of the farm now occupied by Thomas 
Lowe — ^being the northwest quarter of section No. 26 
— are still plainly visible. It was the intention to fol- 
low the bank along the south side of the Winchester 
and Groveport road. After the work was begun a 
change was made and the canal bed located farther 

The following extracts from Form of Agreement 
set forth the essential features of the specifications for 
the building of the canals : "First, in all places where 
the natural surface of the earth is above the bottom 
of the canal, and where the line requires excavation, 
all the trees, saplings, bushes, stumps and roots shall 
be grubbed and dug up at least sixty feet wide ; that 
is thirty-three feet on the towing path side of the cen- 
ter, and twenty-seven feet wide on the opposite side 
of the center of the canal, and together with logs, 

brush and wood of every description shall be removed 
5 H M T 

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at least fifteen feet beyond the outward line of the 
said grubbing on each side; and on said space of fif- 
teen feet on each side of said grubbing, all trees, sap- 
lings, bushes and stumps shall be cut down close to 
the ground, so that no part of any of them shall be 
left more than one foot in height above the natural 
surface of the earth, and shall also, together with all 
logs, brush and wood of every kind, be removed en- 
tirely from said space. Second : The canal and banks 
shall be so constructed and formed, by excavation and 
embankment, as either or both shall be necessary, in 
order to bring the same to the proper level, so that 
the water may in all places be at least forty feet wide 
in the canal at the surface, twenty-six feet wide at the 
bottom, and four feet deep ; each of the banks shall be 
at least two feet, perpendicular measurement, above 
the top water line; and such a slope shall be pre- 
served on the inner side of the banks, both above and 
below the top water line, that every foot perpendicu- 
lar rise in said bank shall givp a horizontal base of 
one foot nine inches ; the towing path shall be at least 
ten feet wide at its surface, and not more than five feet 
in any place above the top water line; and whenever 
a difference in the elevation of the towing path shall 
occur, the ascent or descent shall not be greater than 
one foot rise or fall in sixty feet in length, and shall 
be gradual; the towing path shall be smooth and 
even * * * and shall be so constructed that the 
side next to the canal will be six inches higher than 
the opposite side, at the surface, with an uniform and 
regular slope, so that the water may run off from 
said path; * * * the bank opposite the towing 
bank shall in no place be less than five feet wide at 
the surface ; * * * and neither of said banks shall 


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have a slope of lesser base in proportion to its height 
on the outer than on the inner side, except where there 
is a redundance of stuff increasing the width of the 
bank beyond the requisition aforesaid. * * * Third: 
In all cases of embankment, where the bottom line of 
canal is above the natural surface of the earth, all the 
trees, bushes, saplings and stumps, on the space occu- 
pied by the canal and its banks, shall be cut close to 
the ground, and, together with all logs, brush and wood 
of every description, shall be removed from a space 
of at leJSt forty-five feet wide on each side of the cen- 
ter of the canal ; and from a strip fifteen feet wide un- 
der each bank to be so situated that the inner side of 
said strip shall be perpendicularly under the outer ex- 
tremity of the top water line, all the trees, bushes, 
stumps and roots shall be thoroughly grubbed, and, 
together with all logs, brush, roots, grass, herbage, 
vegetable and porous earth, shall be removed entirely 
without said banks, so that the banks may unite se- 
curely with the solid earth beneath. 

Fourth: The locks shall be constructed so that 
the chamber will be 90 feet in length and 15 feet in 
breadth in the clear. The walls of the lock shall be 
of solid masonry laid in water cement, and well grouted 
with water cement. * * * The walls shall be five 
feet in thickness at the bottom of the lock and four 
feet at the top water line of the upper canal. * * * 
Buttresses shall be so built that 20 feet in length of the 
walls opposite the upper gates, and 17 feet in length 
opposite the lower lock gates shall be 9 feet thick at 
the bottom and 8 feet at the top water line. * * * 
The foundation of the lock, unless a smooth and firm 
rock foundation can be obtained, shall be composed of 
solid white oak timber, hewed square, and one foot in 


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thickness, to be laid horizontally across the foundation^ 
level and even, * * * and covered with three- 
inch white oak or pine plank, free from knots, rots or 
shakes, well jointed and firmly trunneled or spiked to- 
the timber beneath ; a flooring composed of two-inch 
white oak or pine plank, free from knots, rot or shakes, 
well jointed and securely spiked with spikes ten inches 
in length, shall be laid throughout the whole chamber 
of the lock. 

When active work began on the construction of the 
Ohio and Erie Canal in 1829, times at once%egan to 
get better; many of the settlers worked on the exca- 
vations and thus secured ready cash with which ta 
pay their taxes and other necessary expenses. Wages 
were $8.00 per month, or 30! cents and two jiggers 
of whiskey per day ; a day was from sun to sun. The 
immediate demand and the prospect of an early outlet 
for the surplus produce attracted many settlers. Wheat 
advanced from 25 cents to $1.00 per bushel, and other 
produce in like ratio. From this time on the town- 
ship has made a steady and prosperous growth. The 
Canal Commissioners announced that the canal from 
Newark to Columbus and Circleville was opened for 
navigation on September 25, 183 1. The first canal 
boat passed through on a Saturday night, and the next 
two on the following Sunday forenoon. People come 
from ten to fifteen miles to see the first boats pass, and 
gathered in large crowds along the banks ; especially 
is this true of a point where the Middletown road 
crosses the canal, just east of lock No. 20. Early in 
the morning they began to gather; the scene is de- 
scribed by the late John R. Wright as resembling a 
camp-meeting in the size of the crowd in their holi- 
day attire. A brass band of music from Lancaster 


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accompanied the second boat, and it is related by the 
late Geo. P. Champe that when the first sounds of 
the music was heard the crowds would shout : "The 
l)oat is coming," and then the words would be taken 
np by other crowds further down, all followed by a 
general movement towards the east to meet the boat. 
Happy the man or woman who was fortunate enough 
to get passage on this swift-flying( ?) craft. 

A party of workmen wintered some sixty head of 
oxen on the farm now occupied by David Martin, hav- 
ing purchased the com crop in the shock. They slept 
in a log-cabin near by and boarded with Joseph Wright, 
who lived in a log house that stood where Isaac Leh- 
man's substantial residence now stands. These work- 
men are spoken of as a jolly set of Irishmen, when 

" *An Act' to regulate the navigation and collec- 
tion of tolls on the canals" was passed February 23, 
1830, and contained 78 sections. 

We quote a few of the regulations : '*No float shall 
move faster than four miles an hour." "When a boat 
or other float shall overtake any other boat or float, it 
shall be the duty of the master of the latter to turn 
from the towing path, and give the former every fa- 
<:ility for passing." "When any float shall meet any 
other float, passing in an opposite direction, it shall be 
the duty of each to turn to the right side of the center 
of the canal, and the moving power of the boat which 
shall turn from the towing path shall be stopped so as 
to allow the moving power of the other float to pass 
ireely over the towing rope." "If, on the arrival of 
any two or more floats, at any lock, a question shall 
arise as to which shall be first entitled to pass, such 
question shall be determined by the lock-keeper." 


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"The owner of every boat shall subscribe and deliver 
to the collector of whom the first clearance shall be 
demanded a certificate to be entitled a 'Certificate of 
Registry/ containing the name and place of abode of 
such owner." "Every owner of a boat who shall 
change its name from that stated in the certificate of 
registry, without the written consent of the collector 
* * * shall, for every such offence, forfeit the sum 
of twenty dollars." "No boat shall receive a clear- 
ance, or be permitted to pass on either of the canals, 
unless such boat shall have the name thereof and place 
where it is owned, painted in some conspicuous part 
of the outside of the boat, in letters of at least four 
inches in height." Rates of toll per ton per mile of 
various articles : "Flour, wheat, etc., i^c ; com, oats, 
rye, etc., whether ground or unground, ic; mineral 
coal and iron ore, ^c; boards, planks, timbers, etc., 
per I, coo feet per mile, ic; posts, rails, etc., per i,ood 
per mile, 2c; boats used chiefly for freight per mile, 
2c; each passenger, conveyed in any boat, per mile, 
^c." All the boats at first carried passengers. The 
following is a list of some of the more familiar names 
of canal boats: Cincinnati, Red Rover, Lady Jane 
(these were the first three to pass through this town- 
ship, and arrived in Columbus on September 25, 1831), 
Rockingham, lola. Searcher, Storm, Eureka, Robin, 
Chute, Crescent, Danube, Hurricane, Akron, Miami, 
Boone, Express, Mendon, Josephine, Carlisle, Wash- 
ington, Henrietta, Antelope, Buckeye, Pirate, Superior, 
Laurel, Ben Bolt, Ellen, Empire Mills, St. Paul, Em- 
bassy, Gallant, St. Louis, L. B. Curtis, Emigrant, In- 
diana, David Dixon, T. A. Walton, M. M. Greene, 
Viola, Dick Gorham, Arrow (this was the name of one 
of the packet boats). The U. S. Grant was the last 


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boat built, at the Groveport dry docks. Many of the 
boat captains would take a load of wheat or corn to 
Qeveland or Portsmouth and then purchase a boat 
load of staple merchandise, which they sold to the mer- 
chants along the canal on the return trip. 

The boat trade was much sought after in the palmy 
days of the canal. Business houses usually fronted 
the canal on the tow-path side, and attracted trade by 
extensive wharves and hitching rings, signs, enumer- 
ating the leading articles kept, such as com, oats, hay, 
wood, groceries, etc., and a conveniently located well. 
In the forties Samuel Bartlett, who then kept a store 
in a frame building where Cayman's store now stands, 
displayed a muslin sign that extended the whole length 
of the canal side of the building, and read: '* Boats 
Loaded to the Water's Edge for Long Sam." 

The "laying up" of from five to ten boats with 
their crews, in a small town, during the winter fur- 
nished plenty diversion and excitement for the natives. 
One of the events of the season was "a thaw." They 
would then hitch all their teams to a heavy plank ice- 
breaker that they had built during the winter. Enough 
stones were put into the stem of the breaker to bring 
the bow to the surface, when three or four of the most 
venturesome, whose duty it was to rock it from side 
to side with all their might, would enter it. When, 
amid the vociferous swearing of the drivers — for 
most boat drivers would swear — the great wave 
which swept the banks on either side and the crashing 
of the ice as the horses and mules were urged to their 
utmost speed, occurred one of the exciting episodes in 
a boatman's life. 

Qias. W. Speaks and Henry J. Epply served a» 
Superintendents (State Boss) of this division of the 


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canal. Samuel Loucks and Lewis Kramer petitioned 
the State for damages to their water powers soon after 
the canal was built. 


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In the latter part of June, 1833, ^ "i^^i traveling 
by canal boat from Cleveland, stopped off at the road 
crossing the canal about a mile and one-half west of 
Winchester, and went to the residence of a Mr. Wood- 
cock — who lived near where the toll gate used to be 
kept on the Columbus and Winchester pike, now owned 
by Mr. Judy — and at his request Mrs. Woodcock 
did some washing for him, and it is supposed that the 
clothes were infected with cholera. Mr. Woodcock 
went to George's creek to fish while his wife did the 
washing; he soon after returned and drank freely ot 
buttermilk. In a very short time afterwards he took 
violently sick, his family and near neighbors thinking 
from the effect of the buttermilk. At that time this 
was one of the most thickly settled neighborhoods in 
the township, and of course everybody was always 
ready to lend a helping hand when they had to depend 
on each other. It was jiot long until nearly the whole 
neighborhood had gathered to lend what assistance 
they might, none dreaming of the dread pestilence so 
soon to enter their homes. Mr. Woodcock soon died, 
and only a few hours afterwards his wife died also. 
Dr. Wiley, who lived in the Wheeler house, now owned 
by J. M. Lehman, expressed the opinion that they had 
died of cholera. Nearly all present thought it precau- 
tionary to leave at once, and suited their actions to their 


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feelings. But it was too late. Within the next few- 
weeks some 30 or more persons died in this neighbor- 
hood alone. Nearly all died in a few hours after be- 
ing attacked. Among those who died are the follow- 
ing: Wm. Woodcock, a cooper by trade, and his 
wife ; Walter Hughes, and his son Walter, who lived 
in a log house just south of the road and opposite the 
residence of Geo. Keichle ; Henry Schoonover and son 
Perry aged 7 years, who lived in a log house on the 
bank of Walnut creek, just back of Chaney's track,, 
now occupied by Mr. Bitler; John Schoonover, who 
lived 200 or 300 yards south of his brother Henry; 
Wm. Davis and wife, Geo. W. Drain, Benj. Boyd and 
his wife Polly and two children, Isaac and Sarah ; they 
lived in a log house just north of Union Grove Ceme- 
tery, which house was afterwards removed to the first 
lock west of Winchester, where it stood many years 
and was finally consumed by fire. Mrs. Isaac McCor- 
mack. Evans McCormack, Thompson Cross, wife and 
son, who lived in a log cabin that stood near where 
D. H. Tallman now lives ; a Mr. Cox, who lived in a 
log house on the Amos Painter farm ; a Mr. Gale, wha 
lived about one hundred yards south of the canal, oir 
the east side of the Oregon road, and Mrs. Wm. Smithy 
who lived in the old brick house on the Jerry Alspach 
farm. She was the last victim. Mr. Martin, in his 
history referring to this epidemic, writes: "In the 
summer of 1833 the cholera made its first appearance 
in Franklin county. It first broke out in the early- 
part of the summer, in a neighborhood on the canal, in 
Madison Township, where it proved very fatal, but 
was confined to the space of a few miles only. On 
the 14th of July it made its first appearance in Colum- 
bus, and continued until about October. * * ^ 


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During its prevalence there were about two hundred 
deaths in Columbus, notwithstanding the whole popu- 
lation of the town was not much, if any, over three 
thousand, and it was supposed that one-third had fled 
to the country. * * * The mortality and terrors 
of this season far surpassed any pestilence that ever 
afflicted Columbus before or since." 

In the latter part of August, 1854, there were three 
deaths in Winchester supposed to have been by cholera. 
Two strangers came on a boat ; one of them died the 
next morning and the other soon after ; the third one 
was Dutch Philip (Philip Bourne) ; he lived in the 
house now occupied by Mrs. McFadden ; it was then 
plastered on the outside and painted to represent va- 
riegated marble, and in consequence was called the 
"calico house." The two strangers died in the old 
Bartlit store building near the canal bridge, in which 
Jacob Direling then kept a tavern. 


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"* Statesman f yet friend to truth, of soul sincere, 
In action faithful y and in honor clear; 
Who broke no promise, served no private end, 
Who gained no title , and who lost no friend." 


We will supplement the list of township officers 
with a list of Madison Township citizens who have 
Tield county, state and other honorary positions. 

In October of 1827 John Swisher succeeded James 
Kilbourne as county assessor, and served until 1835, 
The office of county assessor was abolished in 1841, 
when the office of Township Assesssor was created. 
Wm. W. Kyle was elected County Commissioner in 
1840, and re-elected in 1843, serving six years. Chas. 
W. Speaks was elected County Commissioner in 1852, 
serving three years. John G. Edwards was elected 
County Commissioner in 1866, serving three years. 
Samuel Kile, a former resident of this township, served 
as County Auditor from October, 1867, to 1874. 
Aaron C. Headley, a former merchant of Groveport, 
was elected County Treasurer in 1867, and served two 
years. F. M. Senter was elected County Recorder, and 
served two terms, from October, 1879, ^^ Occober, 
1885. Chas. D. Rarey has served as deputy under 
Neville Williams, County Recorder, since September, 
1898, three years. Chas. C. Swisher is serving a term 



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of three years as deputy (issuing clerk) under John 
W. McCafferty, County Clerk, beginning August, 

In 1837 John R. Wright was appointed Farm Su- 
perintendent of the County Poor Farm, then located 
about three miles north of Columbus, and served un- 
til 1840, when the location was changed and the farm 
sold. In 185 1 Dr. A. A. Short was appointed physi- 
cian of the County Infirmary and served to March, 


McConnell Seymour has been a member of the 

County Board of Elections since 1899. 

Samuel Bartlit was elected State Senator in 1853, 
serving two years. 

The following have served as representatives of 
Franklin county in the State Legislature: Edward 
Courtright 1851-53, Hiram Hendron 1853-55. 

Dr. Hugh L. Chaney 1857-59, 1886-88; Ben L. 
Reese 1860-62, John G. Edwards 1864-66, Benjamin 
F. Cayman 1892-94, 1896-98. 

Jesse Courtright, a son of Richard Courtright, who 
lived on the John McGuffy farm, was surveyor of 
Franklin county for six years, 1848 to 1854. O. P. 
Chaney served as a member of the Ohio State Board 
of Agriculture, 1880 to 1882. James C. Bowers, now 
a resident of this township, was also a member of this 
board from 1890 to 1898, serving one year as President 
and two years as Treasurer. 

George F. Bareis was elected a Trustee of the Ohio 
State Archaeological and Historical Society, of which 
he IS a life member, in 1891, and has been re-elected 
at the expiration of each term since; was elected a 
member of -the Executive Committee at each of the 


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annual elections since 1895, and was elected second 
vice president in 1900 and 1901. 

John C. Speaks entered the National Guard as a 
private March 2, 1878, becoming a member of Co. H, 
14th Regiment, O. N. G. ; First Lieutenant, March 5, 
1880; Captain, March 20, 1883; Major, November 8, 
1889; Colonel, July 28, 1899 ; Brigadier-General, De- 
cember 5, 1899. Mustered into the United States ser- 
vice (Spanish- American War) as Major of the 4th 
Regiment, O. V. I., May 9, 1898; participated in the 
Porto Rican expedition, and was mustered out with 
the regiment January 20, 1899. 

Edward Merritt Hughes, son of Abram A. Hughe* 
(a merchant who settled in Groveport in May, i860), 
was born at Lockbourne, Ohio, on July 26, 1866. He 
was appointed a cadet at large to the United States 
Naval Academy at Annapolis, Md., graduating on 
June 7, 1870. He passed through the grades of En- 
sign, Master, Lieutenant, Lieutenant Commander, and 
on March 3, 1901, was commissioned Commander in 
the United States navy. 

He was with Commodore George Dewey at the bat- 
tle of Manila Bay May i, 1898, as executive officer of 
the U. S. S. Petrel, and personally burned the five fol- 
lowing Spanish war vessels: "Isla de Cuba," "Isla 
de Lwyow," "Don Juan de Austria," "Marquis del 
Duero," and the "Don Antonio d'Ulloa." 

In a letter written by Commander Wood, of the 
Petrel, October i, 1898, to Col. George A. Loud, and 
published in The Century Magazine, the following ref- 
erence to Lieut. Hughes is made : "When the Span- 
ish flag was hauled down at the arsenal the Petrel was 
within three hundred yards of the arsenal dock and 
anchored. There she remained until 5:20 p. m.. and 


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With one boat's crew burned seven vessels of war in 
the face of the militar>^ garrison in Cavite and the rem- 
nants of the crews that had been forced into infantry 
companies, armed with Mauser rifles. Had they 
chosen to resist they could have supported their in- 
fantry fire with artillery, as the smooth-bore guns 
mounted at the arsenal were loaded and would have 
done damage to the ships at the short range. The 
only boat immediately available to burn and destroy the 
enemy's ships was a small whaleboat carrying an offi- 
cer and seven men. With this boat Lieutenant 
Hughes, the executive officer, landed at the arsenal to 
place a signalman, and proceeded to bum five of the 
seven ships. The two remaining were burned later by 
Ensign Fermier. * * * The action of Lieutenant 
Hughes in setting fire to the enemy's sunken ships in 
the face of a well armed superior, but demoralized 
force, was the one act of conspicuous gallantry which 
the battle that day afforded." 

We must also include Judge John Chaney, who 
was a citizen of Madison Township for many yearjn 
prior to his death, although his official career was in 
Bloom Township, Fairfield county. The following 
statement of his public services was made by Mr. Cha- 
ney for Dr. Scott's History of Fairfield County, and is 
unique: '*I was elected Justice of the Peace in 1821, 
1824, and in 1827, serving in all three terms, or nine 
years. I served as Township Trustee twenty--three 
years. In the Ohio militia, old system, I served at va- 
rious times as Major, Colonel and Paymaster. 

"In the years 1828, 1829 and 1830 I was elected to 
the Legislature as Representative of Fairfield county. 
In the spring of 183 1 the Legislature elected me as one 
of the Associate Judges of Fairfield county. 


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"In the fall of 1832 I was elected to the Lower 
House of Congress, from the district composed of 
Fairfield, Perry and Morgan counties. Was re- 
elected from the same district in 1834 and in 1836. 
In 1842 I was again returned to the Ohio Legislature, 
Lower House, and at that session elected Speaker. In 
1844 I was elected to the Ohio Senate, the term being 
two years; and again in 1855 returned to the Lower 
House. In 1832 my friends placed my name on the 
Presidential electoral ticket, and I had the honor of 
helping to make Andrew Jackson President of the 
United States. In 1851 I was a member of the con- 
stitutional convention that framed the present consti- 
tution of the State of Ohio. I am now within a few 
days of the close of my eighty-eighth year, and in the 
enjoyment of good health." Dr. Scott adds : "From 
the friends and long acquaintance of Judge Chaney, I 
have received the information that never once during 
his public life did he solicit office.'' 

Justices of the Peace. 

The year indicates the date of election : Ebenezet 
Richards, 1810; George Hays, i8i^; Billingsly Bull, 
iSro, 1817, i8?o, 1823: Wm. D. Hendren, 1811, 1824; 
Elijah Austin, 1811 ; Elisha Decker, 181 5; Emmei 
Cox, 1817; James McLish, 1817; Nicholas Goechea. 
1820, 1823; Wm. Godman, 1820, 1823; Jacob Gander, 
1825, 1828; John Swisher, 1826, 1835; Wm. Patter- 
son, 1826, 1829, 1832; A. Shoemaker, 1829, 1832, 
1841 ; Alexander Cameron, 1831, 1834, 1837, 1840,. 
1843; Isaac Decker, 1835; W. W. Kile, 1838, 1847, 
1850 (resigned in March, 1852), i860, 1864, 1867: 
James Pearcy, 1838: John Courtright, 1841; John 
Cox, 1844, 1870; Wm. Mason, 1844; Joshua Glan- 


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s ^ 

I n 

> F 

•o > 

- 2 


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ville, 1846 (resigned September, 1847) ; Moses Sey- 
mour, 1847, 1850; Jeremiah White, 1852; Henry 
Xicodemus, 1852; M. K. Earhart, 1853, 1863; Joshua 
Stevenson, 1855; Z. P. Thompson, 1855, 1858; John 
Helpman, 1856, 1859, 1862, 1865; James B. Evans, 
1868, 1871, 1874, 1877, 1880, 1883; Fernando M. 
Senter, 1873, 1876, 1878 (resigned September 12, 
1878) ; Lemuel Sarber, 1878 (resigned March 8, 
1880); Milton Cummins, 1880, 1883, 1889; B. F. 
Gayman, 1886, 1889 (resigned July, 1890). At a spe- 
cial election July 19, 1890, W. Scott Alspach was 
elected, re-elected 1893- 1896, ^^^ served until his 
death, December 9, 1897 ; Cornelius Black, Jr., 1892 ; 
O. P. Crist, 1898, 1901 ; Edward V. Bush, special elec- 
tion January 12, 1898, 1901. 


The following is a list of the Township Trustees,. 

beginning with 1849: Jesse Seymour, 1849-1862; 

Edward Courtright, 1849; Wm. T. Decker, 1849-1850, 

Joshua Glanville, 1851; John Helpman, 1852-1860, 

1863-1865; John Cox, 1852-1862; Moses Seymour, 

1861-1868, 1875, 1877-1879; Mr. Seymour died Octo^ 

ber I, 1879; Kalite Sallee, 1863-1873, 1875-1876, 1886; 

Elias Decker, 1866-1874, 1878-1881 ; O. Codner, 1869- 

1870; Phillip C. Tussing, 1871-1872; Jacob Rohr, 

1873-1874; S. H. Whims, 1874; John S. Lehman, 

1875-1876; Charles Rohr, 1876-1877; Wm. Sims, 

1877-1879, 1893-1895; Andrew Wilson, 1880-1882; 

Absalom Rohr, 1880, 1883-1884; John F. Kile, 1881- 

1884; Geo. W. Lisle, 1882-1885; Andrew D. Kraner, 

1885-1890; Benj. C. Sims, 1885, 1888-1891 ; Edward 

A. Peters, 1886-1891 ; Mc. C. Seymour, 1887-1901 ; 

George Sallee, 1889-1891 ; Daniel Detwiler, 1891 (re- 
H M T 

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signed March 6, 1893) ; Jeremiah Kramer, 1892-1900; 
Goodlove Dorrer, 1895 (resigned March i, 1897) ; 
John F. Rachman, 1897; Wm. M. Long, 1897-1900; 
John G. Rohr, 1 898-1 901 ; Albert Bachman, 1 900-1 901. 

Township Clerks. 

Jacob A. Taylor, 1849-1851 ; Lemuel Sarber, 1852; 
Jeremiah White, 1853-1854; Robert F. Dildine, 1855 
1859, 1861-1867, 1871, 1881-1883; J. H. Fearn, i85o; 
Fernando M. Senter, 1868-1870; C. Black, Jr., 1872- 
1880; A. M. Senter, 1884-1889; Charles D. Rarey, 
1890-1897; Phillip C. Tussing, 1898-1901. 

Township Treasurers. 

Jacob Weaver, 1849-1850; Samuel Sharp, 1851- 

1854; Geo. McCormick, 1855; Dr. G. L. Smith, 1856- 

1859; Samuel Sharp, 1860-1863; H. W. Dunn, 1864- 

1865 ; Mr. Dunn died in the spring of 1866; Wm. W. 

Kile, 1866-1869; S. Allen Peters, 1870-1873; John F. 

Kile, 1874-1879; John F. Wildermuth, 1880-1884; 

John L. Chaney, 1885-1893; Wm. R. Smith, 1893- 



Jacob Weaver, 1849; G. W. Myers, 1849; J- J- 
Needels, 1850; G. Nafzger, 1850; E. B. Decker, 1851- 
1854; John H. Heston, 1851-1852; Lemuel Sarber, 
1853: Jacob Stimmel, 1854-1856; Elias Decker, 1855- 
1862; John Gehm, 1857-1859; Rufus W. Bailey, i860; 
Jonathan Watson, 1861-1862; G. S. Dildine, 1863, 
1867-1868, 1873-1875, 1877-1878, 1880-1881: S. W. 
Dildine, 1863; John A. Kile, 1864-1867, 1882-1885; 
John Colman, 1884: E. M. Strode, 1865-1866, 1886- 
1889: James McKelvey, 1868-1869; G. W. Rowland. 
1869-1870; Levi Kramer, 1870-1872, 1875-1876; B. 


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C. Sims, 1871-1874, 1879; W. R. Kauffman, 1876- 
1877; Wm. Schrock, 1878-1880, 1882-1883; B. F. 
Trine, 1881 ; C. L. Kraner, 1882 ; M. E. Schrock, 
1884; James Palsgrove, 1885-1889, 1890-1893; Chas. 

D. Rarey, 1888-1889; J. V. Conklin, 1890-1891, 1894- 

1900; Joseph P. Rager, 1891-1893; Edward V. Bush, 

1894-1896; Sylvester Carruthers, 1897-1901 ; Samuel 

Rush, 1900-1901. 


Jacob Weaver, 1849-1850; Moses Seymour, 1851, 
1852, 1856; Elisha B. Decker, 1853, 1854; Henry 
Long, 1855, 1858-1862; John G. Edwards, 1-857; Ja- 
cob Bishop, 1863-1867; Milton Cummins, 1868, 1869; 
M. K. Earhart, 1870-1877; G. S. Dildine, 1878, 1879. 
Since 1880 there have been two Assessors. For Grove- 
port Precinct: G. S. Dildine, 1880, 1881 ; M. K. Ear* 
hart, 1882-1884; Chas. P. Long, 1885, 1886, 1888; 
John A. Kile, 1887; I. R. Earhart, 1889-1891 ; Samuel 
Stukey, 1891-1896, 1898-1901 ; Richard Copeland, 
1897. Winchester Precinct: Phil C. Tussing, 1880- 
1882; Jacob Bishop, 1883; R. J. Tussing, 1884; P. 
C. Tussing, 1885; John Chaney, Jr., 1886; Milton 
Cummins, 1887-1888; John D. Bishop, 1889, 1893- 
1895, 1897-1901; David Boyer, 1890; James P. Kalb, 
1891-1892; Amor R. Smith, 1896. 

The office of Township Ditch Supervision was cre- 
ated by the Legislature of 1899- 1900, and on Septem- 
ber 3, 1900, the Trustees of Madison Township ap- 
pointed Edward A. Peters to fill the office. Mr. Peters 
was then elected in April, 1901, and resigned on July 
26, 1901. Madison Township was the first in the State 
to have a Township Ditch Supervisor. Clint A. Stev- 
enson was appointed to fill the vacancy, and assumed 
the duties of the office on August 11, 1901. The De- 


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cenial Land Appraisers have been: Thomas Patter- 
son, 1870 and 1880; Edward A. Peters, 1890; James 
P. Kalb, 1900. 


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" Time comes not yet to mow you down, 
He points to wisdom's lofty fane, 
He bids youth win the golden croivn, 

Which patient, earnest toil may gain. 
He lends the precious hours, and cries 
Seise every moment as it flies" 
—Cutter in U. S. School Primer, Edition of 1846. 


The early settlers of this township were in hearty 
S)mipathy with the ordinance of 1787, which pro- 
claimed that "Religion, morality, and knowledge being 
the essentials of good government, schools and the 
means of education should be forever encouraged;" 
and also with the State constitution of 1802, which de- 
clared "that schools and the means of instruction 
should be encouraged by legislative provision, not in- 
consistent with the rights of conscience/' 

Congress by an "Act," or several "Acts," called 
""The Compact," passed April 30, 1802, made the fol- 
lowing provision: "That the following propositions 
be and the same are hereby offered to the conventions 
of the Eastern States of said territory (Northwest) ; 
that the section No. 16 in every township, and where 
such section has been sold, granted, or disposed of, 
other lands equivalent thereto, the most contiguous to 
the same, shall be granted to the inhabitants of such 


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township for the maintenance of the schools within 
said township." 

In 1803 it was enacted that the sections 16 should 
be leased for a term not exceeding fifteen years. The 
rent for every quarter section of one hundred and sixty 
acres was to consist in making the following improve- 
ments : "Fifteen acres cleared of all timber and other 
wood and fenced in separate fields, one field of five 
acres to be sowed in grass, one of three acres to be 
planted with 100 thrifty and growing apple trees and 
the remaining seven acres to be arable land. These 
improvements to be made within the first five years of 
the lease." These leases were made by agents ap- 
pointed by the Governor, who were to give public no- 
tice and were to receive bids and execute the leases to 
those who would agree to make the improvements re- 
quired, for the shortest term of lease. Two years later^ 
in 1805, this law was amended so that the Township 
trustees were authorized to grant these leases for terms 
not exceeding 15 years. It was made the duty of the 
trustees "to see that the proceeds arising from the 
lease be duly and impartially applied to the education 
of youths, within the particular surveyed township, in 
such a manner that all the citizens resident therein 
may be equal partakers of the benefits thereof." 

In 1806 the law of 1805 was amended, incorporat- 
ing every original surveyed township, and provided 
for the election of a board of three Trustees and a 
Treasurer, and the power to grant leases was also 
transferred to these boards. 

For many years nothing, or comparatively little was 
realized from these leases towards the support of the 
schools, so in 1824 the General Assembly of Ohio sent 
a "memorial" to Congress, asking the consent of Ccm- 


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gress to sell the sections sixteen. Among the reasons 
cited were : "That persons renting lands were usually 
in destitute circumstances which made the collection 
of the rent uncertain ; the tenants were of the lowest 
class of the community, having no permanent interest 
in the soil; such persons wasted the timber, so that 
the loss was equal to or greater than the revenue; 
Such persons, by the right of franchise exert a perni- 
cious influence on the neighborhood." In 1827 the 
Legislature passed an "Act" which provided for the 
sale of section No. 16. It was made the duty of the 
County Assessor to take the vote of all white male in- 
habitants over twenty-one years of age and report fhe 
result to the General Assembly. When no vote was 
taken or when a rpajority voted against a sale, another 
vote might be taken in any subsequent year. These 
provisions for the sale of section 16 applied to the 
leased as well as to the unleased lands. Every owner 
of a lease might surrender his lease and then purchase 
the land at the last appraisement. In this way many 
of these sections were sold for much less than their 
value. It will be noticed that it was immediately af- 
ter this law was passed that Montgomery, Truro, Ham- 
ilton and Violet Townships sold their school lands. 
Since 1852 the sale of these lands is under the con- 
trol of the School Trustees and the Probate Court. 
The greater part have been sold — less than one-eighth 
of the original surveyed townships now own any school 
lands. Fortunately Madison retained her section, be- 
ing one among the very few townships who still own 
a whole section. In connection with the provisions 
for the sale of the school lands it was the duty of the 
Auditor of State to keep a separate account of all mon- 
ies paid into the State Treasury from the sale of these 


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lands, crediting each sum to the proper original sur- 
veyed township; the money so collected is to consti- 
tute an "irreducible fund" for the support of the com- 
mon schools within said township. "All monies so 
paid into the State Treasury shall bear an annual in- 
terest of 6 per cent., payable on the first day of January 
of each year;'* "and the faith of the State of Ohio is 
hereby pledged for the annual payment. '* For some 
reason the school lands of Hamilton, Montgomery and 
Truro Townships, as well as Madison, were all lo- 
cated in this township. 

Hamilton Township was granted section No. 22, 
b^ing Range 21, Township 11; the sale of this sec- 
tion aggregated $3,026. Montgomery Township was 
granted section No. 21, Range 21, Township 11 ; the 
proceeds of the sale aggregated $2,716. Truro Town- 
ship was granted section No. 15, Range 21, Township 
II ; the sale of this section amounted to $1,810. Vio- 
let Township, Fairfield county, was granted section 
No. 15, in lieu of section 16, Range 20, Township 15, 
being located in Violet Township ; this sale aggregated 

In 1900 Hamilton Township received from this 
source $180.33; Montgomery, $161.33; Truro, 
$107.52, and Violet $999.89. Section No. 16, Madison 
Township, rented for a term of three years — 1897- 
1899 — for $10,357.50. or an average of $3,452.50 per 
year; $1,422.75 was expended in improvements re- 
pairs and other expenses — an average of $474.25 per 
year — leaving $8,934.75, which was applied to de- 
fray the expenses of maintaining the schools, being an 
average of $2,978.25 per year, or of $4.65 net per acre 
per year. On the above basis of the net income for the 
past term of three years, the average value of this 


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p > 





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land is fixed at an equivalent of $78.00 per acre. Could 
this land be sold for an average price of $100.00 per 
acre, as some claim, then the net income would be $6.00 
per acre, or an aggregate of $3,840 per year. 

Scholars living in the territory that formerly be- 
longed to Violet Township, Fairfield county, or to the 
two southern tiers of sections, which formerly belonged 
to Ross county, do not participate in Madison Town- 
ship's funds — although they are now, for civil pur- 
poses, part of Madison — but in the income from the 
proceeds of their respective school lands. 

The following table gives the details of the sale of 
the several township's lands, as the same appears upon 
the Auditc«r of State's records: 


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•S3JDV 'oj^ 






O «0 CO CD *^ 'M O CO 

•Q o ic *-t "^ -r c^ ^ 




o o 
»• « a • 

• a 
. c 


. 08 

c c 

ee CO 


CO « 

CO (A 


CO cd ^. CO C .& *S 

413 00 
458 00 
456 00 
402 00 
426 00 
301 00 
160 00 
100 00 

340 00 
380 00 
250 00 
200 00 
240 00 
180 00 
150 00 
100 00 



o — - 

: . . H 



bo - 
>> a >» 

CO • i) 9 




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11 '^OUd »IBS 


*S3J3V 'o^ 


cq 25 fl^i ^ (N CO ^ M 


CO ?D ^ CO ^ CO ^ 

(o CO (0 CO 2* ^ ?; Is 


CO 73 


oz ,^ 

^ C4 <^ 

»o »o ifi ko lo" lo oT CO 

1-^ r-< »— t »-• i-H 1-^ »— t 

O Aco 

S»C Oi 00 00 CO r-l 
<M55"?3i55 ^co 

f- r-t rH f-l C^ CO r-t 



vij ^ ^' ^* ^' CO C/} CO 

S w^W^'jzico^ 


5 :5 

c^ a 

00 00 OO X 00 00 OO 
ri ^ r-i i-i TT< i-i i-i 

^ ^ ^ ^ CO CO 1-^ 

^ «- >• « s a» 


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Up to 1825 the schools received no State aid, and 
their efficiency depended largely upon the estimation 
of an education held by the local community, conse- 
quently some neighborhoods had much better school fa- 
cilities than others. In January, 1825, a law was en- 
acted establishing a uniform system for the common 
schools of the State, and at each successive meeting of 
the Legislature amendments and improvements were 
enacted until on February 10, 1829, a new "Bill" em- 
bodying in the main the best features of former "Acts" 
and adding some entirely new provisions, was en- 
acted. This law embodies the leading features by 
which the public school system of the State has ever 
since been executed. According to its provision the 
Trustees of each and every incorporated township are 
required to divide it into a suitable number of districts, 
in each of which, annually the householders shall choose 
three School Directors whose duty it shall be to em- 
ploy teachers, levy local taxes, etc. Another feature 
was the levying of a tax of three-fourths of a mill on 
each dollar of the valuation by the State for the sup- 
port of the school. The schools at once began to im- 
prove. The management being left entirely in the 
keeping of the local directors, different methods were 
adopted in different districts; in some schools were 
held eight or nine months in the year; in others only 
during the winter months. Usually a male teacher 
was employed for the winter months, and a female dur- 
ing the summer term, while the larger scholars were 
otherwise employed. In some districts the tuition waij 
all raised by levy, in others one-half by taxation and 
the balance by subscription. 

In 1853 an entire reorganization of the school dis- 
trict system was enacted. Each township was made a 


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school district, and the districts previously established 
became sub-districts, and the management of the 
schools and the power of taxation passed to the Town- 
ship Board of Education then created. This board 
consists of one member from each sub-district. 

At first there was no one to judge of a teacher's fit- 
ness and qualification but the parents. The law of 1825, 
provided that the Court of Common Pleas annually ap- 
point three suitable persons whose duty it was to ex- 
amine every person wishing to teach. Since 1853 the 
Probate Court appoints the examiners. No person, 
since 1825, could receive any money from the public 
treasury, as wages for teaching, without a certificate. 

Very little information can now be obtained about 
the teachers for the first twenty-five or thirty years, 
only that they went from house to house soliciting schol- 
ars for "subscription schools ;'' the price of tuition per 
scholar depending upon the number that could be se- 
cured. The cash required was a small sum, as a large 
part of the tuition was paid in board and lodging; 
each scholar was required to furnish entertainment 
their share of the time. Many of these early teachers 
left the impress of their morals, patriotism and devo- 
tion for the higher attainments of life indelibly stamped 
upon those who came under their molding influence. 
Scholars had few books, often only a leaf of a Bible 
or other book pasted on a thin board. Frequently lit- 
tle or no attention was paid to the education of the 
girls. There were no "sweet girl graduates" in those 
days, with costly outfits, extravagance of flowers, etc., 
which sometimes in these days makes a parent ques- 
tion if free education is not a contradiction. 

Nevertheless, some girls were ambitious to acquire 
the best education possible, so sometimes they had to 


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study* clandestinely. The late Mrs. N. Tallman re- 
lated to the writer her experience; her parents were 
willing that she should learn to "spell, read and cipher," 
but were opposed to her learning to write, and forbade 
the teacher instructing her in the art. This made her 
aH the more anxious and determined to learn, and the 
teacher was willing to instruct her. Some time after- 
wards her father called at the school house and found 
her in the act of writing. When he began to take the 
teacher to task for disregarding his wish, he only 
replied : "Yes, I have taught your daughter to write, 
and you can't take it away from her." 

For some years, there being no school houses, the 
schools were held in vacant cabins, usually in the 
round-log cabin that the pioneer erected on his first ar- 
rival, and which became vacant after a iew years when 
he could erect a hewed-log house. Among the first 
school houses were the following, viz: One on the 
Tiortheast quarter of section No. 30, then in Violet 
Township, about fifty paces north of Jacob Moore*s 
residence, and on the east side of the road, on land 
now owned by Mr. Doval. The depression left by the 
well is still visible just north of the fence along Jacob 
Bott*s lane. Miss Nancy Hathaway (Mrs. J. B. 
Evans) and Miss Susan Bowen (Mrs. Bolenbaugh) 
taught here. One near the center of section No. 14, 
on land then owned by George Kalb, now owned by T. 
D. Kalb; a Mr. Calhoun was an early teacher here. 
One on section No. 16 (school section) ; Wm. Arnold, 
Wm. Purdy and Wm. W. Kile taught. A school was 
taught by a Mr. Fletcher in a log cabin on the farm of 
John Seymour; another just north of the present resi- 
dence of Geo. Francisco, taught by Geo. K. Stevenson. 
Noah Bishop taught a school in a log cabin on the Mc- 


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Qish farm on section No. 30. Dr. Wiley, 1817 or 
1818; John Colman, 1829 or 1830; Moses Cross, 
Owen Roberts, Mr. Jones, Mr. Gale and Mr. Cox 
taught in a log house that stood near the present resi- 
dence of D. H. Tallman on section No. 25. There was 
a log school house in Middletown, just east of the pres- 
ent residence of Geo. Williams ; later this school was 
taught in the Middletown church building by James 
O'Kane ; another one stood on the farm of Chas. Pon- 
tius. Another on the Gander hill on section Xo. 29. 
These were all of log, open fire place, chimney of sticks 
and clay, puncheon floors, slab seats without backs — 
the choice seats were along the sides, the walls afford- 
ing backs — clapboard roofs held on by poles and 
wooden pins, wooden hinges and latch to the door. 
Some of these had no windows of any kind, unless the 
cracks and openings in the roof and between the logs 
and the big opening in the chimney could be called 
such, as they admitted what light was needed. Others 
had a small hole cut through a log and a greased paper 
pasted over. Later improvements consisted in the 
cutting out of one log four to eight feet long on one or 
usually on both sides of the building, high enough to 
admit a row of eight by ten glass, and later the twelve 
light 8x10 windows was considered about the acme in 
the way of a window. The adoption of the school 
system in the spring of 1829 soon stimulated the inter- 
est in the schools to such a degree that a laudable riv- 
alry sprung up between the districts of the township. 
The most intelligent and progressive citizens were 
elected directors. Plain brick school houses were 
erected, with comfortable seats and double desks made 
of wide boards (these double desks gave the teachers 
an opportunity to mete out a terrible punishment ( ?) 


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to the boys, by making them sit with a girl), ten-plate 
stoves, etc. As the population increased larger brick 
buildings were erected, and in most of the districts 
these have been replaced by the modem brick with 
stone trimmings, slate roofs, slate blackboard, latest 
improved furniture and appliances, heated with fur- 
naces — models, with possibly one exception; that is 
there seems to be little regard paid to the effect of the 
light on the pupil's eyes. 

The earliest records of any of the township schools 
that we were able to find are of district No. 14, after- 
wards consolidated with No. i. It is interesting to 
note that in all the various changes in the numbering 
and renumbering of the districts that the Pontius dis- 
trict has always been known as No. i . This record be- 
gins September 20, 1839, with an election held in the 
"old school house on John Solomon's farm." John G. 
Bennett, Geo. W. Sims and Wesley Bishop were elected 
directors. Under date of October 12, 1839, Jeremiah 
White was elected to teach reading, writing and arith- 
metic, at $16.00 per month of twenty-four days, with 
the following proviso: "If it should be ascertained 
that there is a deficiency in the public funds to defray 
the expenses, that the school should be discontinued ai 
the expiration of three months." And finding this to 
be the case he taught only three months. The follow- 
ing is a list of the names of the scholars with their 
ages in district No. 14, under date of November 11, 
1839, viz: "Christena Groom 12, Rebecca Groom 8^ 
Elizabeth Bunn 10, Joseph Burton 5, Juliet A. Sims 
10, Geo. A. Sims 8, Joseph E. Sims 6, Samuel Bishop 
12, Joseph W. Bennett 5, John Young 6, Wm. Young 
5, Thornton Burton 13, Clarinda Rarey 8, Gamaliel 
Rarey 11, Nicholas Rarey 15, Henry Bunn 12, David 


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Groom 19, Hosea Groom 15, Minerva Johnson 13, Ca- 
leb Giberson 19, Mathias W. Bishop 18, James L. Sims 
17, Hezekiah Giberson 14, Melissa Young 8, Sarah 
Bishop 15. Names and ages of scholars in district 
No. I, October 22, 1839: Lafayette Rarey 7, Wash- 
ington Rarey 5, Daniel Groom 12, John F. Groom 11, 
Adarn Bishop 10, John Bishop 5, Wm. Ranier 7, Frank- 
lin G. Pontius 3, Augustus Groom 6, John S. Nevons; 

12, Miner Groom 5, James Lyons 17, Wm. Bowman 

13, Amos Bowman 8, Henry Bowman 5, Benjamin Ra- 
rey 12, Alfred Rarey 3, David Rarey 18, Parker Rarey 
20, Nancy Rarey 10, Elizabeth Rarey 9, Mary A. Ra- 
rey 7, Margaret Rarey 5, Christena Groom 9, Rhoda 
Groom 7, Nancy Groom 5, Mary A. Rarey 11, Amanda 
Rarey 7, Louisa Noderer 12, Hester A. Ranier 9, Isa- 
belle Berk 7, Susanna Laufer 17, Mary Bowman 10. 
Under date of December 17, 1839, the teacher makes 
the following note : "Barred out, but charged the dis- 
trict with the day." This occurrence recalls the preva- 
lent custom of ^'barring the teacher out'' until he would- 
"treat." The writer remembers an occasion when 
Zach Seymour, Wm. Decker, Lewis and David Sarber 
and others piled all the benches and desks against the 
doors and fastened down the windows, at old No. 4, 
refusing to admit Israel Gayman, who was then the 
teacher, until he "treated" the scholars. The directors,. 
E. B. Decker, Philip C. Tussing and Jacob Sarber,. 
were sent for, but the room was kept barricaded until 
Mr. Gayman went to town and purchased a "treat," 
which on this occasion was a stick of candy to each 
girl and a set of "groundy" marbles to each boy. Un- 
der date of January 2, 1841, the teacher notes: "No 
scholars come out, but I came and charged the district 

7 H M T 

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for the day," and under dates of February ii, 12, 13, 
1841, "No wood, but charged the district for the day." 

While the early schools taught only the three R's, 
we note that A. Stuart, teacher in 1847, taught "Read- 
ing, Writing, Spelling, Arithmetic, English Gram- 
mar, Geography, Elementary Principals of Algebra, 
Natural Philosophy, Civil Government, Composition, 
Declamations, Astronomy and Electricity/' 

May I, 1847, 21 special meeting of the voters was 
held at the "old school house." Moses Groom was 
elected chairman and Jeremiah White secretary. 
"Thotnas Groom moved to build 30 feet by 18 feet; 
carried by unanimous vote." "Wm. Rarey moved 
walls be 18 inches thick up to joists and 13 inches 
above; carried by unanimous vote." "Wm. Rarey 
moved $350.00 be assessed for the purpose of building 
and completing said house, and if all said $350.00 be 
not required, the district clerk is authorized to strike 
from each man's tax on the duplicate an equal ratio, so 
that no more be collected than will be required to pay 
the costs and expense of the same ; carried by unani- 
mous vote." Wm. Rarey was appointed, with the Di- 
rectors — Fred Bunn, Chas. Pontius and Jeremiah 
White — a building committee. In the spring of 1844 
the teacher's register gives an interesting statement of 
his pay. He taught six months at twelve and one-half 
dollars per month ; he collected $30.90 from the pub- 
lic funds and $44.10 from subscriptions, as follows: 
Wm. Rarey sent 402^ days, $8.60.3; Chas. Pontius 
sent 308 days, $8.02.2 ; Thomas Groom sent 476^ days, 
$10.05.9; ^lary Groom sent 541^ days, $11.43.2; 
Moses Groom sent 77 days, $1.62.5 ; Josiah Hulva sent 
105 J days, $3.95.5; Frederick Bunn sent 12 days, 


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District No. 13 (now No. 10) : At an early day 
the Hendrens, Qevengers, Coxs, Kiles, Ensleys, 
Haineses, Flemings and others in this neighborhood 
attended school at either a school house which stood 
on the "Gander Hill" or at one that stood just east of 
Big Walnut, along the north side of the Groveport 
pike, or, at other times, at the one that stood on the 
school section. These were all log buildings; the 
one on Gander Hill was built about 1815, and stood 
about where Wm. Hanstein's barn now stands. John 
and Jacob Gander's residence stood on the exact spot 
where Mr. Hanstien's house now stands. This old 
log school house stood until about 1850. There was 
great difficulty in getting to and from school in those 
days ; besides the distance — in some instances two or 
three miles — there were no roads, only the blazed 
trees; no bridges across the streams, besides the 
swamps to avoid. The text- books used here at an 
early day were the Bible, English Reader and the orig- 
inal Adam's Arithmetic. The records of this district 
reveal some interesting methods in vogue in those days. 
Under date of June 2, 1838 : "The householders met 
at house of Wm. Wildermuth; John Kile, Sr., was 
elected chairman, ancf Wm. W. Kile secretary." The 
result of this election was that Jacob Swisher, Thomas 
C. Hendren and Wm. W. Kile were elected directors. 
"And then proceeded to select a site for a school house, 
which was decided by vote, and resulted as follows: 
"At the raise on the south side of the Berkshire road 
on Wm. Wildermuth's land, opposite to where the 
wheat stack now stands." It seems that the proposed 
building was delayed, for on March 9, 1839, the min- 
utes say: "Meeting at the house of Wm. Wilder- 
muth for the purpose of taking a vote for the building 

302r,90 . -™--G°°8^^ 


of a school house by the assessing of a tax, and of 
choosing a site. The directors having failed to ob- 
tain the site that was agreed upon at a previous meet- 
ing." Those present at this meeting were Thomas C. 
Hendren, Wm. Wildermuth, John W. Kile, Frederick 
Swisher, Robert A. Kile, Jacob Swisher, Wm. W. Kile 
and George Miller. "The site offered by the widow 
and Thos. C. Hendren was considered and selected, 
and it was decided to build the school house by a tax."' 
"A levy was made amounting to $225.00 to build the 
school house." 

"May 17, 1839, the Directors contracted with Culli- 
son & Zuck to build the school house in district No. 
13, for the sum of $240.00, to be finished by the first 
of September next." 

Tbe following is a list of the valuation of the tax- 
able property in district No. 13, on which a tax of six- 
teen and one-half mills on the dollar was levied : Wm. 
W. Kile, $1,507; Robt. A. Kile, $649; John Kile, $2,^ 
004; John Kile, $144; Jacob Swisher, $1,702; Wm. 
Wildermuth, $1,244; Thos. C. Hendren, $240 ; Nancy 
Hendren, $144; Wm. Hendren, $40; Samuel Hen- 
dren, $40; Hendren's heirs, $1,510; Elk Sims, 
$144: Jacob Fout, $128; John Miller, $44; Philip 
Shoemaker. $96; John Shoemaker, $40; Henry Car- 
der, $264; Peter Brown, $96; Fred Swisher, $2,182; 
Wood's heirs, $472; David Taylor, $144; Peter 
Stepem, $189; Benjamin Rarey, $1,180; Phil Nee- 
dels, $1,316; Adam Rarey's heirs, $1,133. The fol- 
lowing enrollment of the pupils with their age is given 
under date October 24, 1842 : "Polly Husting, Frank- 
lin Michel, John S. Rarey, Chas. W. Farrington, Emily 
Updegraff, Joseph Spangler, Samuel L. Swisher 9, 
Wm. T. Hendren 8, Mordicai C. Hendren 11, Sarah 


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E. Hendren 9, Geo. L. Hendren 5, Wm. Race 9, John 
Carder 10, Mary Jane Kile 10, Job Race 10, John A. 
Kile 7, Sarah J. Kile 6, Joshua Algire 15, John E. Kile 
15, Caleb E. Kile 14, Samuel E. Kile 12, James E. Kile 
10, Betsy A. Kile 7, Sarah A. Kile 6, Mary J. Kile 5, 
Henry Algire 8, Samuel E. Kile 17, Geo. Kinsel 16, 
Jonathan Lee 15, E. Ann Needels 17, Wm. E. Kile 5, 
Rachel Kile 5, John Swisher 5, Quincy A. Fisk 15, 
Jesse Sherden 5, John Race 14, Henry Carder 17, Geo. 
Carder 19, Austin Miller 8, Levi Miller 6, and in the 
spring of 1844 the following other names appear: 
Eliza Goodman 23, Ruth Evans 19, Peter Stimmel 11, 
Elizabeth Kile 9, James A. Kile 12, Wm. Hendren 9, 
Israel Kile 5, Wm. Cherry 18, Alpheus Algire 8, Geo. 
Whitesell 8, John Sourden 12." 

Wm. T. Linn, who taught a term of twenty-four 
days, ending March 24, 1843, recorded what was no 
doubt an address delivered at his school closing, and is 
unique: "This school is very deficient in many re- 
spects; there remains much to be done by the Direc- 
tors and the people before all is as it should be ; which 
operates as an obstacle on the operations of the teacher 
and the rapid progress of the pupils. Much expense 
might be obviated and greater proficiency of our pupils 
secured by proper attention to these matters. The fur- 
niture of the school room is faulty; the building 
should be underpinned, the stove lowered, an outside 
room attached to the main building and a well dug and 
securely curbed. No apparatus: The school room 
should be furnished with two blackboards. Arithme- 
tician and various Geometrician, Triginomical and 
Arithmetician Figures, which would astonishingly ad- 
vance the pupils in the acquisition of useful and general 
knowledge, when used as they would be by the intel- 


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ligent teacher. The pupils should be furnished with 
proper and sufficient studies to keep them properly em- 
ployed; they should be so furnished as to admit of 
proper classification. 

"There is no sense or propriety in keeping pupils 
spelling and reading when they should be attending to 
other studies. Scholars should be made to obey the 
teacher, and never indulge in school tales. Directors 
and parents should visit the school frequently, not for 
the purpose of picking flaws and fault-finding, but to 
see how things are going on, as well a6 to encourage 
the teacher and pupils in their arderous avocation; 
their simple presence will do much, if nothing more 
is attempted. Friends, do attend to your duties for. 
your children's sake if for nobody's else. Why is it 
that people expend so much money to so little purpose ? 
No other reason than a want of discharge of duty. 
Then, why not do it ? I do solemnly aver that this dis- 
trict school will never flourish as it should under pres- 
ent circumstances and state of affairs. There are many 
things of superlative importance to the wellfare of this 
district, which I cannot enumerate on this occasion, 
with the exception, that the district should be furnished 
with a common school Library, and much more appa- 
ratus than I have mentioned. With the sincere desire 
for the wellfare of the youth of this district and the 
rising generation elsewhere, I subscribe myself, 

"Wm. T. Linn. 

*T. S. — The old and long since exploded system of 
teaching and governing should not be encouraged in 
this enlightened age. 'Morality and intelligence arc 
the sheet anchors of a republican people,' 'knowledge 
is power and ignorance and slavery go hand in hand.' 
See to it, my friends. W. T. L.." 


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An intimate acquaintance with the leading families 
of this towship for many years leads me to observe the 
very noticeable fact that in almost every instance the 
intelligent, substantial and prosperous citizens' names 
are found connected in an active way with the devel- 
opment of the schools; this is also true in a Very 
marked way in the church life of the different commu- 
nities. It is but just to note that in every school dis- 
trict the intelligent, even-tempered, sturdy and self- 
sacrificing devotion to the present and future best in- 
terests of the community can be readily traced to the 
pioneer families who maintained the church and school, 
and whose descendants in many cases are even yet the 
safe-guards of their neighborhoods. 

The fact that we are not able to secure a list of the 
Directors and teachers in each of the districts previous 
to 1853 shall not prevent us from giving such a list in 
the two districts we were fortunate enough to secure. 

The Directors in No. 14 and No. i (these two being 
after a few years consolidated) were: John G. Ben- 
nett, 1839-1841 ; Geo. W. Sims, 1839; Jeremiah 
White, 1840-1851, when he removed; Wesley Bishop, 
1839-1841 ; Casper Limpert, 1844; Henry Bunn, 1844- 
185 1, appointed November 2, 1844 in place of Mr. 
Limpert, who moved away ; Joshua Burton, 1844-1845 ; 
Chas. Pontius, 1847- 1853; Geo. Evans, 1852, appoint- 
ed in place of Jefemiah White, who moved away. 

In district No. 13: Jacob Swisher, 1838; Thos. 
C. Hendren, 1838-1841, 1846-1848, 1851-1853; W. W. 
Kile, 1838-1841, 1843-1846, 1849-1851; John Kile, 
1839-1841. The election held on September 17, 1841, 
was attended by the following four voters : Thos. C. 
Hendren, John Updegraff, Fred. Swisher and Ebene- 
zer Mitchell and Thos. C. Hendren, John Kile and 


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Fred Swisher; each received four votes. Fred 
Swisher, 1841-1842, 1849; John White, 1842; Daniel 
Wagner, 1846-1850; Jacob Weaver, 1848-1851. In 
1850 the Treasurer reported that he had sold $28.00 in 
Granville bank paper for $17.50. Kalita Sallee, 1851- 
1857; Caleb E. Kile, 1852 ; Wm. Wildermuth, 1853. 

District No. 8, now No. 13: In about 1817 a log 
school house was erected in the woods near the north 
line of section No. 16, on the southeast side of the Big 
Belly road, which then continued in a southwesterly 
direction from the Thos. Needels house north of As- 
bury church through Axley Kile's farm, John Wintcr- 
stine's farm and intersecting the Groveport road on the 
school section. 

This building was most likely put up by volunteer 
labor. John G. McGuffey, Esq., of Columbus, Ohio, 
says: **I, in company with my father, saw it in 1837; 
it was then out of use and repair." Mr. McGuffey is 
also authority for the statement that **My grandfather, 
John McGuffey, and Richard Courtright helped to 
erect this building in about 1817," and that "the land 
was cleared and the house taken down in about 1840." 


The following is as complete a list of the teachers 
who have taught in the township as we were able to 
secure. Some are from memory, others — the larg- 
est number — from teachers* registers. After 1876 
the list is taken from the records of Township Clerk. 
What is now district No. i, beginning September 20, 
1839: Jeremiah White, 1839; Geo. H. Crookshank, 
1839; Miss Pauline Whitehead, 1839; Anson Sprague, 
Casper Limpert, Dixon A. Harrison, 1842; W. H. 
Pyle, 1843, 1844, 1846, 1847; Adam Havely, 1840; T. 


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E. W. Fenton, 1841, 1842; Philip F. Milnor, 1844; 
Margaret Chandler, 1840-1842; Amassa Stuart, 1847; 
Geo. Adel, Boyd, Oscar Whims, .Mary Robin- 
son, N, Z, Moore, 1869; Henry M. Williams, 1870; R. 
J. Wox, 1872-1874; Amy E. English, 1875. District 
No. 13: S. L. Fisher, 1839; Elvina McComb, of 
Truro, 1840; James I. Conway, 1840; D. L. Eaton, 
1840; James Jamison, 1841 ; Mary A. Jamison, 1841 ; 
Philip Myer, 1842, 1843 ; W. T. Linn, 1843 ; M. Cam-* 
bridge, 1843; David Wagner (or Waggoner), 1843, 
1844; Miss Letitia Smith, 1844-1846; Eber Smith, 

1846; Mr. Martin, 1847 (taught only two days) ; 

John Wagner, 1849- 185 1 ; Parmelia Parks, 1849; J- 
B. Gates, 1850: Jeremiah O'Harra, 1850; Martha 
Smith, 1850; Jane Cross, 1853; Hiram Parker, 1853; 
Miss Francis Gildersleeve, 1854, 1855; Isaac Stam- 
baugh, 1854; Isaac Segner, 1855; Jane Sallee, 185b, 

1857; Frank Hall 1856; Miss Gay, 1857; 

Cicero Campbell, 1857; ^'ancy M. Hendren, i8c«: M. 
B. Karns, 1858; Hannah Wiris, 1859; John McLead, 
i860; Miss Nancy Fulton, i860 (now Mrs. Geo. L. 
Hendren) ; Burton Condit, i860; Joseph Gage, 1861 ; 

Kate Sharp, 1865 ; Ezra McCleary, 1865 ; Mrs. 

Young, 1866; D. C. Wox, 1867; R. J. Wox, 1867; 
Miss Jennie Fearn, 1868; George Dildine, 1868; Geo. 
L. Hendren, 1869; Miss B. Johnson, Miss S. Steven-- 
son, Lida Algire, 1873; Miss Mary Algire, 1873; 
Mary Wharton, 1874; Samuel Dysart, 1874. The 
first school house in district No. 21 (present No. 15) 
was built in about 1 851, on the site of the present build- 
ing. Among the first teachers here was Jane Sallee 
(Miss Sallee was the first), David Strang, Rhoda Car- 
son, Rhoda Needels, Melville Karns, Anna Boyd, 
Elizabeth Stevenson, G. W. Groves, Miss 


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Northup, E. p. Holbert, Wm. Hempy, Mary Kissin- 
ger, Albert Taggart, A. K. Whims, Lida Algire, Wm. 
Middleton, Wm. Ricketts, James Cannon, Henry Motz. 

Among the teachers in old No. 8 — the Asbury dis- 
trict — were James Conway, an educated Irishman, 
who taught first in about 1825, and from time to time 
until 1844 or 1845. ^ one-legged man by the name of 
Mason taught in 1837. A Mr. Prentiss and a Mr. 
Clapham taught in 1842 and 1843; John McGuffey 
taught in 1829- 1830, and his son, Richard C, in 1852- 
1853, and Frank H. McGuffey, a son of C. R., and a 
grandson of John McGuflFey, taught in 1891, repre- 
senting three generations in the same district; Eliza- 
beth Wilson, afterwards Mrs. Edward Livingston, in 
1840; Judge John M. Pugh in 1846; Houghton 
Brown, a Mr. Martindale, David Shields, 1856-1857; 
Henry Motts and others. 

Allen Brown taught in the log house opposite old 
No. II in 1852. 

District No. 9, now No. 14: Israel Cayman, 1854; 
Wesley Todd, Maria Painter, John Bosworth, Mr. 

Webster, Miss Rachel M. Gehm. Henry 

Motts, who has taught in Madison and adjoining 
townships for over forty years, says: "I taught in 
old No. 9 in the winter of 1859-1860, also three or 
four years in the early seventies; in old No. 11 win- 
ters of 1 860- 1 86 1 and 1869- 1870; in old No. 22 win- 
ter of 1 868- 1 869; also one or two terms of which I 
do not remember date in Zimmer (old No. 7) one 
term ; in Asbury (old No. 8) one term of nine months ; 
in old No. 21 from the fall of 1864 till the spring of 
1869 and the summer of 1876." 

Edward Beard taught in No. 11 in winter of 1858- 
1859; Grove Karns, 1855-1856; David Cayman taught 


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in the Bush (Nos. 3 and 19) district in 1846, Middle- 
town 1847, 2tnd in old No. 4 in 1849; Susan Bowen 
(Mrs. Daniel Bolenbaugh), Jack Dildine and Milton 
Stevenson also taught in Nos. 3 and 19 when the school 
house was of log and stood in Bush's orchard. Amongp 
those who taught in old No. 4 were Mary Collins,. 
Christian Cayman, 1854; Lizzie Condit, Grove Kams, 

Thomas Killin, Mr. Johnson, Miss 

Young, "Puss" Hendren and Israel Cayman, i860. 
The old log school house in No. 4 stood about on the 
site of the present building. 

The teachers in the township in 1855 to 1856 were : 
No. I, W. H. Pyle; No. 2, L. C. Hendren; No. 3, S. 
M. Shockly; No. 4, Crove C. Cames; No. 6, C*^ 
Smith and S. D. Sodel ; No. 7, R. L. Cay ; No. 8, J. 
T. Young and F. Reed; No. 9, Elizabeth Stevensoa 
and Christian Cayman ; No. 10, M. J. Sallee and T. J. 
Ha wood; No. 11, Rhoda Needels and A. Jackson; 
No. 12, L. J. Spencer and N. C. Meason; No. 13, 
Francis Cildersleeve and I. F. Segner; No. 14, E. S. 
Olmstead and A. J. Taylor; No. 17, H. McArthur and 
H. McCathen ; No. 18, Wm. Hasting, H. Houser and 
M. C. Stevenson; No. 19, L. J. Spencer and M. C.- 
Stevenson; No. 21, Rhoda Carson and D. Strayer. 
This is the only record of the teachers we were able to> 
find until 1876, when they were as follows (the dis- 
tricts in which they taught were not given) : Morris- 
Evans, Carrie Bowman, James A. Hart, W. Ricketts, 
A. B. Durr, F. M. Senter, A. C. Trone, C. E. Arnold,, 
J. P. Arnold, C. H. Dildine, Wm. M. Croves, Sallie J. 
Settle, Henry Motz, C. W. Preston, Amy English, 
Scott Hutson, Emma Marshall, Orpha E. Baugher^ 
Minnie Hendren, Alda Pyle, Mary M. Huddle, W>, 


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H. Wills, Anna M. Yantis, Carrie Ewers, D. R. 

From 1877 to ^900 the following were the teach- 
•ers. by sub-districts, and date of election, viz: No. i, 
Alda Pyle, 1877; A. C. Trone, 1877; H. C. Baily, 
1878-1882; A. C. Finks, 1883; E. M. Sims, 1884- 
1886; D. F. Karnes, 1887-1888; I. L. Earhart, 1889- 
1890; Cora L. Tussing, 1891 ; O. V. Earhart, 1891 ; 
O. P. Crist, 1892; Chas. C. Swisher, 1893, 1894; W. 
H. Ellinger, 1895, 1897- 1899, resigned in summer of 
1899, and Minnie Murphy elected 1899; C. M. Ear- 
hart, 1895; Henry Rostover, 1900. No. 2: D. R. 
Champe, 1877; J. B. Kramer, 1878, 1880; Delia Wil- 
son, 1879; Geo. E. Owen, 1879; M. A. Newberry, 
1881 ; D. F. Karnes, 1882, 1883; Geo. W. Robb, 1884, 
1885; M. E. Osboume, 1886-1888. New No. 5: M. 
E. Osborne, 1889, 1890; John D. Miller, 1891, 1893; 
Jess A. Gayman, 1892-1896; Carrie A. Gayman, 1897- 
1899; Edith Decker, 1900. No. 3: W. H. Evans, 
1882, 1883; Frank Miller, 1884; Bell C. Hines, 1885; 
Alonzo W. Strode, 1886-1887; Perry Needels, 1886; 
A. S. Snyder, 1888. New No. 2 : A. S. Snyder, 1889 ; 
T. L. Peters, 1890; Chas. W. Gayman, 1891-1893; J. 
C. Fickel, 1894, resigned after teaching one week and 
M. C. Ranier appointed 1894-1895; Alvah L. Peters, 
1896, 1897; Harry B. Dolby, 1898, 1899; Henry Not- 
stine, 1900. No. 4: Amanda J. Schoch, 1873; J^^"" 
G. Beggs, 1874; Orpha E. Baugher, 1877; D. F. 
Karnes, 1878; Henry H. Dibble, 1879; Etta Rohr, 
1879; A. C. Finks, 1880-1881 ; Delia Wilson, 1882; 
Delia Tussing, 1883-1885; A. C. Sims, 1884, 1886, 
1887: Mollie Gayman, 1885; Ola D. Fry, 1887; Oli- 
Ter A. Wright, 1888. New No. 8 : Oliver A. Wright, 
1889, 1890; Robt. L. McFarland, 1891 ; J. K. Bow- 


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man, 1892; Carrie A. Cayman, 1893-1896; Josie Crist,. 
1897, 1898, resigned March 25, 1899; Arthur Hen- 
derson, 1899; Grace Colman, 1900. No. 6: John G, 
Beggs, 1873; Amanda J. Schoch, 1874; Samantha 
Stevenson, 1875; Z. C. Payne, 1877; Amy E. English,. 
1877; F. L. Owen, 1878; W. H. Preston, 1879; Ada- 
line Woods, 1879; Alda Pyle, 1879; L. T. Fisher, 
1880; Robt. Samuels, 1881 ; Adda Needels, 1881,. 
1883, 1885; E. L. Daymunde, 1882, 1883; Jess A. 
Keller, 1884; Mary Hendren, 1884; E. E. Toy, 1886, 
1887; T. L. Rees, 1888. New No. 7: T. L. Rees, 
1889; U. G. McCarty, 1890; Carrie A. Cayman, 1891,^ 
1892; Nellie Decker, 1893, 1894; J. K. Condon, 1895- 
1898; O. P. Crist, 1899-1900. No. 7: Wm. M. 
Groves, 1877; V. R. Livingston, 1877, 1878; J. H. 
Snyder, 1878; Lizzie Tussing, 1878, 1879; W. H. Pyle,. 
1879; J. F. Stimmel, 1880; E. M. Mills, 1881-1883;. 
Delia Wilson, 1881 ; N. B. Mills, 1883-1887; O. P. 
Crist, 1888. New No. 12: Minnie Whims, 1889- 
1893; E. A. Swisher, 1890; John K. Bowman, 1891 ; 
W. H. Ellinger, 1894; W. E. Sims, 1895, 1896, 1898, 
1899; R. K. Carruthers, 1897; Elizabeth Kuhn, 1898; 
Nettie Dill, 1900. No. 8: Sallie T. Settle, 1877; C. 
W. Dickey, 1878; Alda Pyle, 1878; D. F. Karnes, 
1879; E. J. Pattrick, 1879; Joseph Mundy, 1880; W. 
H. Miller, 1881 ; Henry Motz, 1882; Anna Sniffin, 
1883; A. C. Sims, 1883; D. A. Clark, 1884; E. M. 
Osborne, 1885-1888; Almira Needels, 1886. New No. 
13 : J. A. Wright, 1889, 1890 ; F. H. McGuffey, 1891 ; 
Earl S. Barr, 1892; G. A. Wright. 1893; E. M. Fickel, 
1894-1896; H. E. Kile, 1897, 1898; H. E. Notstine, 
1899 J W. E. Sims, 1900. 

No. 9: Henry Motz, 1877, 1878; EflSe Robertson, 
1878; James A. Parkinson, 1879, 1880; E. A. Brobst,. 


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1879; Emma Marshall, 1880, 1881 ; G. H. Parkinson, 
1881 ; James Shaner, 1882, 1883 ; Jacob Bachman, 
1884; Clinton Alspach, 1885; Ardella Tussing, 1885; 
S. A. Gillett, 1886, 1888; J. A. Wright, 1887; Oliver 
A. Wright, 1888. 

New No. 14: A. C. Ricketts, 1889; Wm. Bennett, 
1890; H. G. Taylor, 1891-1897; Edwin M. Fickel, 
1898, 1899, 1900. 

No. 10: A. E. Bennett, 1877; T. R. Pyle, 1878- 
1880; C. B. Coon, 1881 ; Lottie Guerin, 1881 ; W. H. 
Neville, 1882, 1885; R- W. Gardner, 1883; Mettie 
Helsel, 1883; H. H. Neville, 1884; W. H. Bunton, 
1886; W. W. Martin, 1887; J. E. Helsel, 1888. New 
No. II : J. E. Helsel, 1889, 1890; T. L. Peters, 1891 ; 
Rose Gayman, 1891-1894; Heber Kile, 1895; Morris 
Peters, 1896; O. V. Earhart, 1897, 1898; W. S. Dil- 
dine, 1899, 1900. No. 11: Samuel Dysart, 1877; F- 
P. Newberry, 1877, 1878; Miss L. E. Tussing, 1877; 
F. A. Owen, 1879; G. H. Thrailkill, 1880; Marshall 
E. Thrailkill, 1880, 1881 ; Julia A. Young, 1881 ; James 
H. Shaner, 1881 ; Joseph Mundy, 1882; Delia Tus- 
sing, 1882; Carrie A. Rader, 1883; G. H. Lighty, 
1884 ; A. C. Sims, 1885 ; C. L. Hoover, 1886 ; Geo. W. • 
Robb, 1887; Abe S. Good, 1888. New No. 9: O. P. 
Crist, 1889-1891; Bertha Heffly, 1892, 1893; Kirk 
Carruthers, 1894-1896; A. Francisco, 1897-1899; 
John K. Condon, 1900. 

No. 12: W. J. Dunn, 1877; Lizzie McCray, 1877; 
Lou D. Bonebrake, 1878; O. G. Welsh, 1879; D. F. 
Karnes, 1880, 1881 ; Jess A. Keller, 1882; Jacob Bach- 
man, 1883; A. C. Finks, 1884-1886; E. H. Miller, 
1887, 1888. New No. 6: D. F. Karnes, 1889; B. F, 
Dildine, 1890-1894; G. W. Strickler, 1895-1897; Car- 
rie Maish, 1898, 1899; Alice Swisher, 1900. No. 13: 


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J. P. Arnold, 1877; D. M. Spencer, 1877; W. H. 
Pyle, 1878; Orpha E. Baugher, 1878, 1879; Jess A. 
Keller, 1880, 1881, 1883, 1887; Mary E. Hendren, 
1881 ; N. H. Tanner, 1882; L. M. Carson, 1882; Hat- 
tie L. Hendren, 1883; E. M. McKinley, 1884; Sophia 
Whitmore, 1885; J- W. McKinley, 1885; T. L. Pe- 
ters, 1886; Sadie Stimmel, 1886, 1888; Hattie Sey- 
mour, 1887; A. W. Strode, 1888. New No. 10: A. 
W. Strode, 1889; Anna Nau, 1889, 1892; W. E. Sims, 
1890, 1893, 1894; Mollie Cayman, 1890, 1891 ; Clen- 
na Carruthers, 1895; Alice Swisher, 1896-1898, re- 
signed M2U"ch 25, 1899; Sturgis Davis, 1899; Walter 
Zimmer, 1900. No. 17: Minnie Flattery, 1877; 
Mary Huddle, 1877; Maggie Taggart, 1877; M. A. 
Newberry, 1878; E. H. Owen, 1879; Emma Deterly, 
1880-1882; Joseph Mundy, 1883; Ottie Mahlman, 
1883; D. F. Karnes, 1884-1886; Mollie Cayman, 1887, 
1888. New No. 4: Carrie Cayman, 1889; Mollie 
Gayman, 1889; Ora E. Rarey, 1890; D. D. Mosier, 
£891, 1892; Anna Crist, 1891 ; Jessie L. Kile, 1892- 

No. 21: James Parkinson, 1877; Eunice Parkin- 
son, 1877; P. D. Snyder, 1878; Ceo. W. Eversole, 
1879; Carrie Craham, 1879; E. A. Brobst, 1880, 1881 ; 
G. W. Lighty, 1882; Sheldon Joseph, 1883; A. Fran- 
cisco, 1884-1888; C. B. Parkinson, 1885; R. H. Mc- 
Elwee, 1887. New No. 15: A. Francisco, 1889-1891 ; 
Alvin C. Ricketts, 1892; C. C. Smith, 1892; E. M. 
Fickel, 1893 y G. A. Wright, 1894, resigned and W. G. 
Strickler, 1894; T. S. Sims, 1895, resigned January 
20, 1896, and A. S. Snyder, 1896; Frank Wright, 1896- 
1900. No. 22 : Susie E. Filler, 1877 J H. H. Dibble, 
1878; Delia Wilson, 1878; W. A. Cromley, 1879, 
1880; J. F. Given, 1881 ; C. H. Emswiler, 1882, 1883; 


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W. S. Dildine, 1883; C. M. Robb, 1884; Irene Bishop^ 
1885; Geo. W. Robb, 1885; J- ^^' Kelley, 1886-1888; 
Ottie Mahlman, 1888. New No. 3 : Ottie Mahlman, 
1889; A. W. Strode, 1890-1892; W. S. Zaayer, 1893; 

E. L. Beck, 1894; H. E. Notstine, 1895-1898; Anna 
Ashbrook, 1899; Harry Dolby, 1900. 

Township Sttperintcndeats* 

Rev. James Heffley, 1891-1892; H. H. Shipton, 
1893-1895. There has been no township supervision 
since the summer of 1896. 

The following persons have served as members of 
the Township Board of Education from the various 
sub-districts, dating from 1853. The sub-districts 
were renumbered in 1889: 

No. I : Frederick Bunn, Henry Long, Casper Lim- 
pert, M. K. Earhart, W. H. Pyle, M. H. Kelley, Absa- 
lom Rohr, F. G. Pontius, E. H. Miller; New No. i, 

F. G. Pontius, 1889-1892; H. W. Lincoln, 1893-1900^. 
No. 2: C. Black, Samuel Leigh, Solomon Wood- 
ring, Adam Havely, John Begg, L. Rarey, Daniel 
Leigh, Wm. Peer, J. H. Evans, S. S. Crist, Edward 
Gares, E. A. Peters, E. D. Kraner, Sylvester Blacky 
New No. 5, Daniel Leigh, 1889; Wesley Black, 1890- 
1897; John Decker, 1891-1894; Joseph A. Peters> 
1 898- 1 900. 

No. 3 : John Blackwood, George Long, C. P. Dil- 
dine, Joseph Burkey, E. A. Peters ; new No. 2, E. A. 
Peters, 1889-1893; Abe Storts, 1894-1896; Geo. Koe- 
bel, 1897; ^I- J- Newberry, 1898-1900. 

No. 4: Cyrus Hendren, John Rager, Jacob Sar- 
ber, Elisha B. Decker, Philip C. Tussing, S. O. Hen- 
dren, Jr., John Rodenfels, Peter Brown, Samuel 
Wheeler, Geo. T. Wheeler, Herk C. Courtright, Solo- 


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mon Rager, Jerry Alspach, Wm. Goodwin; new No. 
8, D. H. Tallman, 1899-1896; Morgan Thrush, 1897- 
1899; John M. Lehman, 1900. 

No. 5 : Wm. Peer, EHas Decker, Jacob Bishop, 
Daniel Grouse. 

Xo. 6 : Wesley Toy, John Gox, Jacob Swisher, G. 
H. Earhart, S. E. H. Kile, W. P. Sharp, Jacob Nau, 
J. F. Kile, John P. Sharp, Chas. Toy, J. P. Arnold, 
C. F. Needels, Abner Behm, Francis Pettit, John Behm, 
Wm. Koebel ; new No. 7, Ghas. Toy, 1889- 1892 ; Mor- 
ris Kile, 1893, 1894; Jess. A. Keller, 1895; John H. 
Behm, 1896-1901. 

No. 7: J. A. Suddick, W. D. Needels, Joseph 
Goffman, W. L. Garson, Abel Baldwin, John Heil, Pe- 
ter Swartz, M. Heil, Philip Swartz, Valentine, Zim- 
mer, S. R. Helsel, W. Beard, Joseph Behm, Seymour 
H. Whims, Peter Spangler; new No. 12, Wm. Zaayer,. 
1889; L. Reutsch, 1890, 1891 ; J. M. Suddick, 1892; 
Peter Zimmer, 1893-1896; John G. Schleppi, 1897- 
1899; Samuel Swartz, 1900. 

Xo. 8: Thos. Patterson, Abram Swisher, James 
X'eedels, J. S. Stevenson, G. W. Needels, Alfred Gray, 
Jacob Rohr, Oliver Godner, John McGuffey, Wm. 
• Whims. T. E. Linn, H. G. Swisher, Sylvester Garruth- 
ers, Wm. Purdy, G. R. McGuffey, Theo. D. Kalb, Joel 
Needels: new No. 13, T. D. Kalb, 1889-1892, 1900; 
J. G. Rohr, 1893; John Schleppi, 1894, 1895: Galvin 
J. Forsman, 1896, 1899; Stanton T. Needels, 1897,. 
1898, resigned February 20, 1899; J. G. Fickel, 1899, 
resigned January i, 1900; John Schleppi, 1900. 

No. 9: Jacob L. Bowman, Samuel Detwiler, John 
Miller, Isaac Kalb, John W. Needels, Jacob Bachman, 
Henderson Miller, Geo. W. Ruse, Daniel Wright, 

8 H M T 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


James P. Kalb, David Wright, Daniel Detwiler; new 
No. 14, James P. Kalb, 1899-1901. 

No. 10: Edward Behm, John G. Edwards, Freder- 
ick Anderick, Philip Helsel, Levi S. Johnson, Geo. 
Hensel; new No. 11, Levi S. Johnson, 1889-1891, 
1893-1897; J. W. Edwards, 1892; Daniel Schleppi, 

No. 1 1 : Jeremiah Kissel, J. J. Tussing, Henry 
Steman, G. W. Kalb, Joshua S. Stevenson, W. S. Hop- 
kins. John Kelkner, N. A. Stevenson, John S. Lehman, 
S. Shoemaker, J. M. Bennett, M. E. Kalb, Wm. Sims, 
Benj. Alspach, Wm. Sims; new No. 9, Wm. Sims, 
1889, 1893-1895; David Mosier, 1890, 1891 ; Geo. 
Holsappel, 1892; Jonas Alspach, 1895-1900. 

(In April, 1874, Districts Nos. i and 6 were con- 
solidated and No. 12 formed. 

No. 12: Absalom Rohr, John Lincoln, J. J. Rohi, 
O. D. Harris; new No. 6, O. D. Harris, 1889-1892, 
1894-1901 ; L. F. Powell, 1893. 

No. 13: Wm. Wildermuth, Kalita Sallee, T. C. 
Hendren, T. J. Bennett, F. Swisher, W. W. Kile, J. E. 
Whitmier, G. L. Hendren, J. P. Wharton, Chas. C. 
Cromwell, G. W. Preston, M. L. Wildermuth ; new 
No. 10, H. Clay Swisher, 1889-1891 ; G. W. Preston, 
1892; A. M. Brown, 1893-1901. 

No. 14: S. S. Edwards, S. O, Eberly. 

No. 16: L. Kraner. 

No. 17: Samuel O. Hendren, John Seymour, 
Moses Seymour, Jesse Seymour, W. H. Pyle, Andrew 
Wilson, George Long, Welton Seymour, E. M. Strode, 
Thomas Lowe, Thos. L. Peer; new No. 4, Welton 
Seymour, 1889-1900. 

No. 18: James H. Sommerville, Peter T. Krag. 
Chas. W. Speaks, Martin C. Whitehurst, Philip Price, 


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M. S. Stevenson, E. B. Decker, Wm. Stevenson, John 
Chaney, Sr., John Helpman, James B. Evans. 

No. 19: Isaac Ebright, Thos. G. Bowen. 

No. 21 : Elihu McCracken, W. H. Algire, Michael 
Leidy, W. R. Algire, W. Perrin, George Claypole, W. 
K. Algire, Henry Algire, Amon Algire, Absalom Bow- 
man, George King, G. S. Algire, George D. French, 
James K. Dill; new No. 15, George King, 1889; J^^' 
athan Ruse, 1890, 1892; Amos Medford, 1891 ; John 
Wingert, 1893-1895; James K. Dill, 1896-1898; 
Frank E. Hempy, 1899-1900. 

No. 22: Jacob Bishop, Wm. Peer, Geo. Kramer, 
Milton Cummins, Geo. Seymour, Geo. Long, Josiah 
Flattery, Geo. W. Lisle, Geo. Williams, Samuel Run- 
kle, Lewis W. Berger, Wm. M. Long; new No. 3, 
Jesse Grouse, 1889-1893; Wm. M. Long, 1894; James 
D. Decker, 1895- 1900. 

Pwsidents ol Township Board of Edticatknu 

Since 1853, when the Board was created: John 
Cox, 1853; Moses Seymour, 1854; Henry Long, T. C. 
Hendren, G. W. Kalb, John G. Edward, 1856, with 
some intervals to 1878; John Helpman, G. H. Ear- 
hart, W. W. Kile, M. H. Kelly, Jacob Bishop, 1879; 
Milton Cummins, 1880; James P. Kalb, 1881-1889, 
1894-1901; E. A. Peters, 1890-1893. 

The Franklin County Teachers' Institute was or- 
ganized at Groveport on February 9, 1867. 

Trostees of School Section No. 20. 

The following named persons served as trustees; 
the date of service, neither a complete list of names 
can be given since no records previous to 1882 could 
be found : John Cox, Wm. Kile, Jacob Reese, Samuel 


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Detwiler, Jacob Bowman, Thomas Hendren, John G. 
Edwards, Oliver Codner, Kalita Sallee, Samuel E. 
Kile, Turner Hendren, Jacob Rohr, Clay Swisher and 

Since 1882 the trustees have been: Jacob Rohr^ 
1882-1888; Kalita Sallee, 1882-1886; John W. Kile, 
1882-1883; John F. Wildermuth, 1884-1886; Joel 
Needels, 1887-1899; John Nau, 1887-1891 ; Theo. D. 
Kalb, 1888 to 1901 ; Sylvester Carruthers, 1892 to 
1901 (since 1893 the term of office has been three 
years instead of one year, as previously) ; Robt A. 
Kile, 1896 ; Mr. Kile moved out of the township in the 
spring of 1897 and the Trustees appointed Wei ton Sey- 
mour, and who has since continued in office. The 
Treasurers of the school funds have been, previous to 
1882, Thomas Hendren and Wm. Kile; each served 
for many years; John F. Kile, 1882-1884; Martin 
Wildermuth, 1885-1886; Wm. Mason, 1887; in 1888 
John G. Rohr and Wm. Wason each received 161 
votes ; lots were cast and Mr. Rohr declared elected ; 
in 1889 Mr. Rohr and Mr. Mason again received a tie 
vote, each having 175 votes. This time in casting lots 
Mr. Mason won. Wm. Mason, 1890-1891, 1896, to 
date; John L. Chaney, 1892-1895. 

The Schools of Winchester. 

• The first school house in what is now the Winches- 
ter special school district stood just north of Jacob 
Bolt's lane on the east side of the road, about oppo- 
site Geo. W. Lehman's house. It was known as dis- 
trict No. 2, Violet Township, and later became district 
No. 18, Madison Township. In about 1834 a frame 
school house was built either on the north side of the 
lot now occupied by Rev. James Heffly or on the south 


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side of the adjoining lot now occupied by J. K. Miller. 

Among those who taught here were a Mr. Cruix- 

shank, T. D. Martindale, Aaron Bennedum, T. C. 
O'Kane, Levi Moore, and others. This buiWing was 
used as a school house until 1848, when it was sold at 
public auction for $29.50 ; it was then removed across 
the canal on the ice, to the rear of Samuel Bartlitt's 
store building and occupied as a butcher shop by Geo. 
Fosket ; it was afterwards removed to Dr. Short's va- 
cant lot on Columbus street, and Noah Bannister used 
it for a blacksmith shop ; later George Derr occupied it, 
and finally he removed it to the east end of Columbus 
street, where it forms the west end of the old blacksmith 
shop, and now rests in desuetude. 

Some idea of the number of scholars, the wages re- 
ceived, the time school was kept, and the branches 
taught can be obtained from a report made to the di- 
rectors by Levi Moore and Mrs. Nancy Johnson, who 
were the teachers in 1845-1846. Mr. Moore had an 
-enrollment of 104 — 66 male and 38 female. He 
taught in the frame school house, and received $18.00 
per month for six months. He taught Reading, Writ- 
ing, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Geography, Alge- 
bra, Geometry nad Philosophy. Mrs. Johnson taught 
in sL room rented from Mr. Krag, in the log house then 
on the Bareis lot. She had an enrollment of 47 — 14 
male and 33 female, and received $12.00 per month for 
four months. She taught Reading, Writing, Gram- 
mar and Geography. Mrs. Johnson also taught a 
school — soon after her husband died (he had a cabi- 
net shop in the Shortt stable) — in the old Shortt and 
Potter office. Some of her scholars tell of her "setting 
her bread to raise," and giving it other attention in the 
school room. When the Philip Price house burned — 


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Peter Zarbaugh owned it then — ^h^ purchased this office 
building and Uncle Johnnie Kramer removed it to its 
present location, where it is now occupied by Mrs. Kil- 
dow. • 

On June 6, 1846, a meeting of the voters was held, 
when it was decided to levy a tax of $500.00 to pur- 
chase a lot and build a brick school house. The selec- 
tion of a site was left to the directors, and on the 26t!i 
uf June the directors met and decided to purchase a 
lot of John Colman ; for some reason this site did not 
please the citizens. July 27, at a meeting of the citi- 
zens, a resolution to levy an additional tax of $300.00 
was lost ; after a great deal of discussion the matter of 
building was indefinitely postponed. 

On September 17, 1847, Daniel Lecrone, John Sar- 
gent and J. B. Evans were elected directors. They 
called a meeting of the citizens "to vote on a proposi- 
tion to levy a tax to build ;" this meeting was held on 
November 12, 1847. Reuben Dove had donated a lot 
just east of the United Brethren church, and on Samuel 
Bartlitt*s motion a committee of three, viz: Jacob 
Carty, Almanzer Hathaway and Wm. Fry, was ap- 
pointed to examine this lot and repdrt at once. 

The committee returned in a short time and report- 
ed favorably; then a motion to build a brick school 
house was carried and a tax of $600.00 was levied. At 
this meeting the directors were authorized to sell the 
ftiame school building. 

Still the site chosen did not seem to give satisfac- 
tion, and at a special meeting it was decided to build 
on a lot offered by John Kramer, Sr. The building 
was erected in 1848 on the lot donated bv Mr. Kramer; 
H. J. Epley had the contract for the brick and plastet 
work at $343.00; and Bennedum and Kissel the car- 


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penter work at $311.00. At a meeting in 1849 ^ tax 
c>f $750.00 was levied to build another school house; 
nothing was done, however, until April 14, 185 1, when 
another favorable vote was taken, and on motion of 
Wm. Fry $800.00 was levied. This building was erect- 
ed on the lot donated by Reuben Dove, which is lo- 
cated just east of the United Brethren church. J. and 
J. S. Crites did the brick, stone and plaster work for 
$303.00, Bennadum and Kissel the carpenter work ai 

September 17, i860, a committee was appointed by 
the Board of Education of Madison Township consist- 
ing of Jacob Sarber, Wm. Perrin and Henry Long "for 
the purpose of visiting the school houses in sub-district 
Xo. 18 to ascertain whether they have school room 
enough, and to report at the April meeting." On 
April 15, 1861, this committee submitted a report which 
"was received and the committee discharged," and on 
motion of W. H. Pyle a committee of two — Moses 
Seymour and W. H. Pyle — was appointed to act in 
conjunction with the directors of sub-district No. 18 — 
John Chaney, sr., J. H. Sommerville, and W. L. Steven- 
son — to consult the propriety of building a school 
house and to estimate the probable cost." April 27, 
1861, the following resolution was adopted, on motion 
of W. H. Pyle: "This (the Madison Township) 
Board allow the Directors of sub-district No. 18 to con- 
tract to build a schoot house in said district not to cost 
over $2,600.00." There was a marked division in 
nearly every vote taken affecting the building of this 
school building. John Chaney then moved "that this 
Board levy a tax of $1,500.00 on the township to build a 
school house in sub-district No. 18." Motion lost. J. 
L. Stevenson then moved that a tax of $1,200,00 be 




levied. John Chaney moved to strike out $1,200.00 
and insert $1,450.00, and Moses Seymour moved to in- 
sert $1,300.00, which latter motion carried. "May 25, 
1861, John Chaney presented from H. J. Epley and 
wife, a deed, to the Board of Education for "4 or 5" 
lots in the town of Canal Winchester, for the use of 
school purposes," and thereupon W. H. Pyle moved to 
accept the deed, and an order was drawn for $419.33 
to pay for same." 

The contract for the building of a school house m 
sub-district Xo. 18 was presented and read by the clerk, 
and on motion received, and a special tax of $1,050 
was levied on sub-district No. 18." A motion then 
prevailed " the local directors of sub-district No. 18 
be authorized to sell the old school houses and school 
house lots in said district, to be sold at public or private 
sale ; and time and condition of sale to be left to the 
judgment of said Directors." On April 10, 1862, Dan- 
iel Bush paid the Board $261.00 for the north lot and 
building, which was later remodeled and is occupied as 
a residence by Joshua S. Stevenson. On the same date 
John Helpman paid the Board $225.50 for the south 
lot, and Jonathan Vought has occupied it as a residence. 
A committee of three — Jacob Sarber, John G. Ed- 
wards and W. K. Algire — were appointed "to confer 
with the local directors in superintending the structure 
of the school house." 

Wm. P. Miller did the woodwork, and John Miller 
the brick work, together receiving $2,360.00. The 
building was erected and enclosed in the summer and 
fall of 1861, and completed in 1862. This building 
contained four (4) rooms, and was first occupied in 
September, 1862. 


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to en 

T ^ 


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In the spring of 1868 Mr. J. B. Evans, having 
brought a copy of the Rules and Regulations of the Cir- 
cleville schools with him, circulated a petition to or- 
ganize as a special district. On April i, 1868 notices 
signed by Geo. W. Blake, Wm. Cater, John M. 
Schoch, C. Gayman, Jacob Dauterman, Jacob Carty, 
J. B. Evans and others, were posted, calling a meeting 
ot the voters in district Xo. 18, to vote on a proposition 
to organize as a special district, under Act of the Leg- 
islature of February 21, 1849. This election was held 
on April 1 1 , when twenty-nine votes were cast for, and 
none against, and on April 30, 1868, the following 
Board of Education was elected: Jas. H. Sommer- 
ville, Jas. B. Evans, Dr. A. A. Shortt, C. Gayman, Chas. 
P. Rces and Mitchell Allen. On May 6 the Board or- 
ganized by electing Jas. H. Sommerville President, J. 
B. Evans Clerk, and C. Gayman Treasurer. Rules and 
regulations were also adopted. 

April 25, 1873. John Helpman's motion to build 
an addition to school building was laid on the table. 
At this meeting rules and regulations were ordered 
printed for the first time. The year 1873 was spoken of 
as a "stormy" year in the Board. 

May 6, 1874. A motion to build an addition to 
school building prevailed, all members voting in favor. 
On May i8th plans were adopted, and on June 19th 
"bids were opened ; a few days later, June 22, all bids 
were rejected and the building put off indefinitely. On 
April 19, 1875, Jas. H. Sommerville, James Heffly and 
Philip Game were appointed a building committee and 
instructed to prepare plans, which were submitted and 
adopted on May 5. The contract for the two rooms 
in the south wing and the two vestibules was awarded 
as follows: Wolfe & Zackero, brick work, $2,135.00; 


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O. L. Dibble, plastering, $539.00 ; Chas. F. Yost, wood 
work, $2,630.00; E. B. Armtsrong, furnace, $390.00; 
and $900.00 was expended in new furniture. School 
opened in the remodeled building on Wednesday, Sep- 
tember 22, 1875. 

In the spring of 1871 twenty evergreen and twenty 
maple trees were set out. The well on the school 
grounds was dug in the summer of 1877. 

In the spring of 1877 55 trees were planted on the 
school grounds. In 1876 there were three superin- 
tendents, viz: J. F. Maxwell, one week; C. W- 
Campbell, September 16 to March 8, 1877, and David 
O'Brien, March 12 to end of school year. On June 4, 
1877, soon after the election of teachers, a largely at- 
tended "indignation meeting" was held in Game's hall. 
Jas. P. Kramer was chosen chairman and H. H. Dibble 
secretary. A set of six resolutions was passed, the fol- 
lowing two embodying the complaint: "Resolved, 
that a majority of our present school board, namely: 
four members, did violate and disregard our expressed 
will, in the election of a Pri^ieipal for our schools for 
the coming term, in that they refused to elect a well 
tried one, who was not only the unanimous choice of 
ourselves, but also of the pupils in the different depart- 
ments of our schools." "Resolved, that the Board did 
elect as subordinate teachers, persons knoum to be ob- 
jectionable to a majority of our citizens." 

The following were the Directors from 1845. The 
date indicates year of election : 

J. B. Schrock 1845, James Clendening 1845, Wm. 
Harbaugh 1846, Hinton Tallman 1846, 1854-1856, 
Daniel Leckrone 1846-1847, J. B. Evans 1847, 1866, 
1867, John Sargent 1847, Paul Samsel 1848, David 
Tallman 1848, John Helpman 1849, 1854- 1857, 1863- 


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1865, Wm. Fry 1849, James Cannon 1849 (there are 

no records of 1850), Samuel Bartlitt 185 1, H. Nicode- 

mus 1851-1852, Jas. H. Sommerville 1851-1855, 1858- 

i860, Peter T. Krag 1852-1854, Chas. W. Speaks 1853, 

Martin C. Whitehurst 1856, 1857, Philip Price 1857- 

1859, W. L. Stevenson 1858-1860, Elisha B. Decker 

1860-1862, John Chaney, Sr., 1861-1863, A. Hathaway 

1861, Mich Allen 1862-1864, John Boyd 1864-1866, 

Dr. A. A. Shortt 1866-1867, Oliver P. Chaney 1867. 

The following have been the officers and members 

of the Board of Education since this has been made a 

special district : 


Jas. H. Sommerville, 1868; M. C. Whitehurst,. 

1 869- 1 87 1 ; John Helpman, 1872, 1 876-1 881 ; John H. 

Speilman, 1873-1875; Rev. James Heffly, 1882; A. L. 

Shride, 1883-1884; W. H. Lane, 1885-1888, resigned 

October 29, 1888; Geo. F. Bareis, 1888-1895, resigned 

May 13, 1895; Robert W. Bolenbaugh, 1895, 190CK 

1901 ; Joe C. Shaffer, 1896; Ed. S. Tussing, 1897^ 



J. B. Evans, 1868, 1869; Chas. F. Yost, 1870, re- 
signed July 20, 1870; C. Cayman, 1870; Rev. James 
Heffly, 1871; W. R. Miller, 1872; Jas. H. Sommer- 
ville, 1873-1877; J. P. Wiseman, 1878, resigned Jan- 
uary 2T, 1879; Dr. A. Starr, 1879- 1884; R. W. Bolen- 
baugh, 1885-1893; P. M. Teegardin, 1894-1896; J. 
C. Shaffer, 1897; Wm. D. Boyer, 1897- 1899; Wm. 
M. Codner, 1900-1901. 


C. Cayman, 1868-1870; J. B. Evans, 1870-1872^ 
W. R. Miller, 1873-1874; Rev. James Heffly, 1875- 
1877, 1884-1886; Wm. T. Conklin, 1878-1879, re- 


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signed October 30, 1879; J. K. Miller, 1879-1882; 
Geo. F. Bareis, 1887, 1888, 1894 (term of Treasurer 
was changed to be September ist in 1888 instead of in 
April) ; Philip Gaine, 1888-1892; Gary D. Whitehurst, 
1 893- 1 894, resigned October 29, 1894; Miss Josephine 
Chaney, 1895, resigned June 24, 1895; Albert Bach- 
man, 1895-1899; Wm. L. Waiters, 1900-1901. 


Jas. H. Sommerville, 1868-1870, 1872-1877; Jas. 
B. Evans, 1868-1874; Mr. Evans resigned June 22, 
1874, and Rev. James Heffly appointed; C. Gayman, 
1868, 1870; Dr. A. A. Shortt, 1868, 1869, 1873-1875, 
1877-1879; Chas. P. Rees, 1868, 1870-1872; Mich Al- 
len, 1868, died May 17, 1868, and Rev. David Shrader, 
1868, appointed; M. C. Whitehurst, 1869-1871 ; Chas. 
W. Speaks, 1869-1871 ; Chas. F. Yost, 1870, resigned 
July 20, 1870, and C. Gayman appointed; O. P. Cha- 
ney, 1871, 1872, 1 878- 1 880, 1 882- 1 884; John Helpman, 
1872-1874, 1876-1881 ; \\'. R. Miller, 1871-1876; Rev. 
James Ileffly, 1871 (resigned July 17, 1871, and W. 
R. Miller appointed), 1875-1877, 1880-1888; John H. 
Speilman, I873-1875; Philip Game, 1875, 1876, 1887- 
1892; Dr. A. Starr, 1876-1884; J. P. Wisen}an, 1877- 
1878; resigned January 27^ 1879, ^"^ Philip Game 
appointed, but declined to serve, so on February 24, 
J. K. Miller was appointed; W. T. Conklin, 1878, 
1879, resigned October 30, 1879, and S. Harrison Tall- 
man appointed (J. K. Miller elected Treasurer) ; J. 
K. Miller, 1878-1882; S. H. Tallman, 1879; Jacob 
Bott, 1880; John L. Chaney, 1881-1882; Samuel C. 
Dressier, 1881, 1882; A. L. Shride, 1883-1885, re- 
signed April 20, 1885, and Geo. F. Bareis appointed; 
Jerry Kramer, 1884-1900; John S. Lehman, 1884- 


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1886; Wm. H. Lane, 1885-1888, resigned October 29, 
1888, and George Powell appointed; Robt. W. Bolen- 
baugh, 1885-1893, 1895-1901 ; Geo. F. Biareis,^i885- 

1895, resigned May 13, 1895, ^"d R. W. Bolenbaugh 
appointed; George Powell, 1888-1894; Dr. L. W. Ber- 
ry, 1889-1894, 1897; C. D. Whitehurst, 1893-1895; 
P. M. Teegardin, 1894-1896; Albert Bachman, 1895- 
1900; Miss Josephine Chaney, 1895, resigned May 13, 
and Zack E. England appointed; Z. E. England, 1895- 

1896, resigned August 3, 1896, and Wm. M. Codner 
appointed; Joe C. Shaffer, 1896- 1897, resigned De- 
cember 2^, 1897, ^"d ^r- L. W. Berry appointed ; Wm. 
D. Boyer, 1896-1899; Wm. M. Codner, 1896, 1899- 
1900; Ed. S. Tussing, 1897-1899, 190 1 ; James Pals- 
grove, 1897; John H. Deitz, 1898; Wm. L. Walters, 
1898-1901 ; Rev. T. H. E. Eich, 1901. 

Teachefs in Winchester. 

Mr. Cruixshank, about 1840; Aaron Ben- 

nedum, early forties; T. D. Martindale, 1844; Levi 
Moore, 1846; Mrs. Nancy Johnson, 1846; T. C. 
O'Kane, 1847; Elizabeth McBride, 1848-1849; James 
Seeds, 1848. 1849; Aaron Shisler, 1850; Mary Hemp- 
ted, 1850; Geo. M. B. Dove assisted Mr. Shisler for a 
few months; J. H. Doan, 1851 ; Mr. Doan also taught 
a private school in the old frame United Brethren 
church in 1851 ; Miss Rhoda Carson, 1851 ; Mr. Seeds 
was the first to teach in the north brick building, and 
Miss Carson the first in the south brick building; 
William Hasting, 1852-1856; Mrs. Elizabeth Pollay, 

1852-1858; Tallman, 1851; H. Houser, 1855; 

Milton G. Stevenson, 1855; W. R. Eggleson, 1857; 
Burton Condit, 1857, south building; Tallman Slough 
and Rachel M. Gehm, north building, 1858; Rhoda M. 


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Needels, 1858. For several years during the winter 
term there would be an assistant teacher in the north 
l)uildiug, and for several years previous to 1855 all the 
male scholars attended the north building, and all the 
female the south. In 1855 the schools were graded 
when the advanced scholars of both sexes attended the 
Tiorth building, and all the younger ones the south 
building. J. P. Campbell, 1859; J- C. Forbes, 1859- 
i860; E. H. Walden, i860, 1862; G. W. Bethel, 1861. 
Since September, 1862, the Principals or Superin- 
tendents have been: A. C. Moon, 1862; Isaac R. 
Stambaugh, 1863, died after teaching one or two 
weeks ; he lived in the Mrs. Welsch residence on Co- 
lumbus street; Milton L. Stevenson, 1863; W. R. 
Pugh, 1864; Wm. H. Pyle, 1865; G. S. Stevens, 1866, 
1867, resigned February 27, 1868, when D. T. Clover, 
who was then teaching the grammar department, was 
appointed; G. W. Buck, 1869; J. W. Rutledge, 1870 < 
James Heffley, 1871, 1872; Frank M. Kumler, 1873, 
1874; L. K. Powell, 1875; J- F- Maxwell, 1876, one 
week; C. W. Campbell, September 16, 1876, to March 
8, 1877; David O'Brien, March 12, 1877; P. M. Mills, 
1877-1880, resigned October 15, 1880; M. E. Thrail- 
kill. November i, 1880; Chas. A. Harris, 1881-1882, 
resigned July 5, 1882; L. L. Rankin, 1882-1883; W. 
H. Hartsough, 1884-1888; Thos. J. Fitzgerald, 1889- 
1892, resigned August 15, 1892; Thomas M. Fouts; 
1892-1894; U. S. Brandt, 1895-1898; W. T. Heilman, 


Other Teachers Since September, )862« 

E. H. Walden, 1862; Mr. McEntire, 1863; 

James H. Cannon, 1863; Groves G. Games, 1862; 
Anna Foos, 1864; Luda Fry, 1864-1866; Mollie 
Thompson, 1865 ; Clara Leib, 1865 ; Rachel M. Gehm, 


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1865; Jennie Hanby, 1866; D. T. Clover, 1867; Jen- 
nie Sommerville, 1867-1870, 1875-1885; Sat. A. Wil- 
son, 1867-1871 ; Lide Algire, from January i, 1870 
(this is the first year of four teachers) ; Miss M. S. 
Ebright, 1870; Tilla Raymond, 1871, resigned Feb- 
ruary 26, 1872, and Miss J. Caly was elected; Mary 
Tallman, 1871-1872, 1875-1876; Mary Bishop, 1872; 
Miss S. E. Filler, 1872- 1874 (February 3, 1873, schools 
Avere dismissed for two weeks on account of measles) ; 
Carrie Bowman, 1873-1875, 1877; Laura Schoch, 
1873-1875, 1878-1880 (September 25, 1875, school 
was opened in the remodeled building, and five teach- 
ers were employed) ; Mary E. Cayman, 1876-1885, 
died August 17, 1885; Lizzie Miller, 1876; Mr. A. 
Ricketts, 1877-1878; Susie Leckrone, 1878, 1879 (Sep- 
tember, 1878, a Mr. Richards was given per- 
mission to use Miss Leckrone's room in which to teach 
drawing, one hour before and one hour after school 
hours) ; Mr. A. F. Roher, 1879; H. H. Dibble, 1880- 
1894; lolaWickham, 1880-1884; Rose Zartman, 1881, 
1882; W. Scott Alspach, 1885-1896, died February 27, 
1897; Mrs. Alice Sibley, 1885; Katie Cayman, 1885; 
Etta Pickering, 1886; Kate Dowdall, 1886-1889, died 
February 27, 1890; Lila Starr, 1886-1892; Carrie Cay- 
man, 1887-1888; Minnie McFadden, 1889-1901 ; Rose 
Cayman, 1889-1890; Cora Frazier, 1893-1896; Jo- 
sephine Chaney, 1895-1897, 1899-1901 ; Robert Mc- 
Farland, 1897-1898; Minnie Murphy, 1897, 1898; 
Clinton Alspach, 1897, 1898; Mr. E. S. Heller, 1898, 
1901 ; Harriet Burr, 1899; Edna Perrill, 1899, 1900; 
Helen P. Bareis, 1900-1901 ; Madge Kanode, 1901. 
Vocal music was introduced in February, 1889, and the 
following have been the teachers : Mr. H. M. McKee, 
1889; ^^r. J. D. Luce, 1890; Minnie Luce, 1891, 1892; 


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Mr. S. A. Brobst, 1893, 1895, 1896: Gertrude Baile>% 
1894; Rev. J. P. Stahl, 1897-1901. 

James Palsgrove has served as Truant Officer since 
the creation of that office in 1893, with the exception of 
one year, during which he served as a member of the 
Board, when Samuel Rush was elected Truant Officer. 

Michael Dowdall has served as janitor continuously 
since 1886. 

In 1870 there were four departments, in, 1875 
changed to five and again increased to six in 1898. 

Gradisates from the Winchester High School 

Class of 1886: Clement V. Moore, Benjamin F. 
Lehman, John F. Lecrone, Samuel E. Bunn, Kate Dow- 
dall, Carrie A. Cayman and Rose Cayman; class of 
1887, Luda E. Chancy, Mayme Bartlitt, S. Arville 
Yost, Bertha B. Heffly, Charles B. Lecrone and Henry 
W. Lehman; class of 1888, Daniel G. Boyer, Laura A. 
Zerkle, Minnie ^L Heffley, Edwin C. Cayman, France* 
H. Came, Charles F. Wollenzein, M. Blanche Dibble^ 
Edward J. Bennett, Samuel H. Martin, Harry A. Mil- 
ler, Gertrude A. Bailey, Francis H. Smith, Minnie Mc- 
Fadden, Amor A. Tussing and Josephine Chancy ; clas* 
of 1889, Charles W. Gayman, Robert L. McFarland 
and Harlan E. Rainier. There was no class in 1890. 
Class of 1891, Reed H. Game, Edward S. McFadden, 
Cora Kramer, William D. Boyer and Horace R. Bailey ; 
class of 1892, Jess. A. Gayman, Harley J. Zarbaugh, 
George C. Starr, Lulu M. Shaffer and Effie M. Yost; 
class of 1893, Nannie M. Boyer, Mary E. Powell, Fan- 
nie M. I^hman, \V. Benton Boyd and Harry B. Cas- 
low; class of 1894, Quintin R. Lane, John F. Bartlitt 
and Laura Smith; class of 1895, John C. Gayman, 
Ona Kramer, John W. Lehman, Frances McVey, Clara 


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Reiner, Jemima Sarber and Clinton W. Yost ; class of 
1896, Homer Z. Bostwick, Lizzie Deitz, Mary Dibble, 
John King, Edwin D. Lehman, John Palsgrove and 
Mae B. Schaff ; class of 1897, Jesse G. Dauterman and 
Laura R. Kramer; class of 1898, Harry E. Bowman, 
Francis H. Game, Edward O. Herbst, Delia Loucks, 
Bertha Meier, Clyde L. Miller, Ethel Seymour and 
Mary Yost ; class of 1899, Wilmot Bolenbaugh, Harr>'- 
Beery, Helen Bartlitt, Grace Colman, Ray Hummell! 
and Chester Seymour; class of 1900, Maud Bishop, 
Jennie Dowler, Mallie Kramer, Mabel Tussing, Edgar. 
Leidy, Charles Long, John Wright and Chauncey Shaf- 
fer; class of 1901, Albert Bolenbaugh, Minnie Bailey, 
Mattie Boyd, Madge Chaney, Silas Diley, Edward" 
Judy, Stephen Haffey, Roxie Kalb and John H.. 


Schools of Gfoveport* 

The first schools were kept in dwelling houses.. 
Among these was one in a log house which stood where 
M. Corbett's brick house now stands, about three- 
fourths of a mile east of town. Another was kept in 
a log house on the Robt. F. Dildine farm. 

In 1834 Wm. Richardson erected a frame building 
directly opposite the residence of Wm. Corbett, and 
just back of the evergreen trees still standing. His. 
father had sent him the money to build a church, but 
it was seldom used for religious services. Select 
schools were held here for some years, when it took 
the name of Richardson's Academy. The old building; 
stood until a few years ago.. 

Chas. Rarey and Thos. Hughes, his son-in-law, 
built a one-story frame school house about one-half 
mile southwest of town, in about 1841 or 1842, and 

9 H M T 

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Thos. Hughes taught a school here. It took the name 
of Rarey's Academy. 

A log school house on the lot occupied by Lottie 
Sandy, and known as the Margaret Chandler school 
house, was sometimes referred to as the seminary. 

November lo, 1847, the Directors of district No. 20 
met at C. T. Stevenson's shop — Wm. James being 
chairman, Dr. Abel Clark clerk, and A. Shoemaker 
treasurer — and rented the Rarey Academy for six 
months at $3.00 per month (referred to in their records 
as the Laypole Rarey school house), and also the Semi- 
nary for three months at $2.50 per month (referred to 
in their records as the Margaret Chandler school 
house) ; it stood on the lot where J. E. Stewart now 
lives. J. C. Brown was employed to teach in the for- 
mer at $25.00 per month, and Margaret Dutton in the 
latter at $2.00 per week. 

On March 28, 1848, the voters met at the Chandler 
school house for the purpose of selecting a site for a 
new school house. After lengthy discussion the Di- 
rectors were instructed to buy lot No. 54, on Walnut 
street (20 voted for it and i against). On motion of 
Dr. Abel Clark **the Directors were further instructed 
to levy a tax of $1,200.00 for the purpose of building 
a brick school house 40 by 50 feet, and should good 
and sufficient subscriptions be put into the hands of 
the Directors previous to their contracting the building, 
then they are instructed to build 40 by 60 feet ; in either 
case, the house is to be two stories high." This mo- 
tion was carried by a unanimous vote. The lot was 
purchased of W. H. Rarey for $100.00. 

(3n April 29, 1848, the Directors (Wm. R. Darnell 
was appointed a Director in place of Wm. James, who 
resigned on April 12) met at Darnell & Co.'s store, and 


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contracted with Wm. R. Darnell to furnish material and 
do the brick work for $700.00, and with D. C. Shockley 
to do the carpenter work and furnish material for 
doors, windows, frames and ceiling for $220.00, and 
with A. Willi to do work and furnish material of the 
roof, floor and stairs for (amount omitted), and with 
Thos. Ward to do the plastering for $70.00. The 
building was erected in the summer of 1848, and cost 
about $1,650.00. The following notice which was 
posted in three public places, indicates that it did not 
take long in those days, after the levy was made, until 
the money was in hand : 

'^Notice, — Taxpayers in sub-district No. 20, Grove- 
port, will take notice that at a special meeting of the 
voters held March 28, 1848, a tax of $1,200.00 wa» 
levied. The above tax will be due and payable as fol- 
lows : One-half the 5th day of June next, and the bal- 
ance on August I, 1848. 

"By order of the Directors, 

May 5th, 1848. "Ed. "Gares, Clerk." 

A school election was held on September 16, 1848, 
at which only fourteen persons voted. Wm. R. Dar- 
nell, Samuel Sharp and A. Willie were elected Direc- 
tors. On April 9, 1849, another election was held at 
which the following persons voted: Samuel Sharp, 
Salem A. Darnell, W. H. Rarey, M. ShaflFer, Wm. R. 
Darnell, M. W. Bishop, J. A. Taylor, K. Tenner, J. 
Cherry, A. Clark, A. Willi, D. Sarber, J. Anderick, W. 
Cameron, J. Snyder, F. Taylor, L. Sarber, C. J. Stev- 
enson, H. Long, Peter Long, Jonathan Watson, Isaiah 
Brown, and R. Shockley. 

On February 2, 1850, an election was held to or- 
ganize under the law of 1849. Thirty-one voted for, 
and fifteen against. On February 16 the following 


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Board of Education was elected : Wm. R. Darnell and 
C. J. Stevenson for three years, Thos. Hughes and A. 
Willi for two years, and Jacob Andericks and Jesse 
Dildine for one year. 

On November 23, 1855, the Board paid G. P. 
Champe eight dollars for the school house bell. 

In April, 1883, F. S. Rarey, President, and G. 
Adell, Clerk of the Board, were appointed a committee 
to estimate the probable expense of a new school house, 
and on June 2, 1883, the following notice was posted r 
*' Notice is hereby given by the Board of Education ol 
Groveport village school district, that there will be a 
special meeting of the qualified voters of said district 
on Thursday, the 14th day of June, 1883, from i 
o'clock to 6 o'clock p. m., to consider the question of 
levying a tax upon the taxable property of said district 
to build and furnish a school house, the probable cost 
of which is estimated at $12,000.00; and if said tax 
is levied, the further questions whether the levy shall 
be made from year to year thereafter? and what 
amount shall be levied each year until the actual cost 
of building and furnishing said house is raised?" 

The result of this election was as follows : Tax,. 
Yes ; 87 votes. Tax, No ; 33. Yearly, yes ; 88. Year- 
ly, no; 26. Amount each year, one-tenth. Terrill & 
Morris, of Columbus, Ohio, submitted a plan (called 
the Johnstown plan), which was adopted. Four and 
one-third (4 1-3) acres of land was purchased of John 
F. Wildermuth for $721.00, and a lot was purchased of 
Mrs. Samuel Bechtell for $225.00, and another one at 
the same price of Chas. Stewart. 

August 21, 1883, bids were opened as follows: E. 
W. Blair, entire building, without blackboards, $10,- 
634.64; C. Zebold, entire building, $12,368.00; E. P. 


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Jackson and M. King, entire building, $13,175.20; 
John A. Grabowsky, entire building, $16,000.00. 
There were a number of other bids, but only on parts 
of the work. On August 24 the bid of E. W. Blair 
was accepted and changes made in the plans reducing 
the bid by $634.00, after adding blackboards. On Au- 
gust T.'j, 1884, the building was taken off contractor's 
liands. The building was occupied first in September, 

On August 29, 1883, the vacant lot north of the 
old school house was sold at public auction to F. M. 
Senter for $320.00, but the Board would not confirm 
the sale, and on October 6, 1883, it was sold again for 
^400.00, F. M. Senter being the purchaser. 

The sale of the old school building to Deaver & 

Pettit was confirmed on April 20, 1885, ^"^ on De- 

•cember 11, 1886, the purchasers deeded it back to the 

Board for $600.00, and the Board then sold it to Henry 



In 1848-1849, J. C. Brown and D. R. Solomon; 
1849-1850, E. G. Chambers, Margaret Rarey and E. 

In 1850 the schools were organized under the law 
of 1849, 2i"d the following have been the teachers, the 
•date indicates the year appointed : 

Principab or Superintendents. 

E. G. Chambers, 1850-1851 ; J. B. Campbell, 1852; 
Wm. H. Pyle, 1853; Mrs. D. R. Champe, 1854; S. 
P. Adams, 1855-1857; G. C. Smith, 1858-1860; John 
P. Patterson, 1861 ; T. F. Harwood, 1862- 1863; W. 
R. Pugh, 1864-1865; Z. C. Payne, 1866-1867; G. H. 
Tracy, 1868; G. C. Dasher, 1869-1870; R. M. Boggs, 


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1871-1874; N. H. Gamer, 1875; A. L. Brooke, 1876- 
1885 ; James H. Brown, 1886-1887; J. B. Duzan, 1888- 
1889; J. A. Wilcox, 1890-1895, resigned November 
30, 1895, and J. B. Fairchilds elected December 14, 
1895 » H. H. Shipton, 1896; Mr. Shipton died August,. 
1896, and on August 28, 1896, the Board elected Wm. 
H. McFarland, 1896-1897; Geo. C. Deatrich, 1898- 
190 1. The teachers in the other departments were: 

Miss Lucy Johnson, 1850-185 1 ; Miss Fisk,. 

1850: Miss Marilla Johnson, 1851 ; Mrs. A. A. Kidd, 
1851; Miss Martha McClandish, 1852; Mrs. A. A, 

Kidd, 1852 ; Miss Mary McLain, 1852 ; Miss 

Wagner, 1853; Mary E. Dutton, 1853; Miss 

Needels, 1853; Miss A. M. Havens, 1854; Miss Adda 

Barrett, 1854; Miss Hamilton, 1854; H. Mc- 

Arthur, 1855; Miss E. Pattrick, 1855; Miss E. N. 
Barr, 1856-1857; Miss Rebecca McArthur, 1856; A. 
W. Paul, 1856; Mrs. Adda L. Adams, 1857; Miss S. 
J. McMahon, 1857; Mrs. D. R. Champe, 1858; Miss 
Mell E. Sharp, 1858; A. G. Zinn, 1858; Miss Eliza 
McCoy, 1859-1860; Miss Julia A. Clark, 1859-1860; 
Miss S. C. Hopkins, i860; Miss Emma Belt, 1861 ; 
Miss Ella O'Harra, 1861-1862; Carrie L. Clark, 1862; 
Cary L. Hopkins, 1863; Hester A. Havely, 1863; 
Miss Kate (Cox) Seymour, 1864; Mrs. G. P. Champe, 

1865-1869; Miss Young, 1866; Lizzie Howell, 

1866-1867, 1869-1875 ; Miss Bennett, 1867; O. 

S. Warner, 1867; Hattie Rees, 1868; R. F. Dildine, 
1868; John D. Lamb, 1869; Geo. S. Peters, 1870; 
Miss Mary Young, 1870-1896 — 2j years; Lide Al- 
gire, 1871 ; Miss Shrigly, Lida O'Hara, Mattie Long, 
1874; Miss Yantis, Rachel McCollough, 1872-1873; 
Henrietta Guerin, 1875-1876; Jennie Guerin, 1875- 
1876; Alice Spencer, 1877-1879; Ola Spencer, 1877- 


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1878, resigned October ii, 1878, and E. V. Adell 

elected; Deaza B. Senter, 1879-1885; Delia Wilson, 

1880; Jennie Lawson, 1881 ; Rhoda E. Sigler, 1882, 

resigned November 11, 1882, and Luella Cook elected; 

Lovett T. Fisher, 1883; Joseph A. Kitzmiller, 1884, 

1885; Geo. W. Robb, 1886; Delia M. Kile, 1886- 

1901 ; S. A. Gillet, 1887; N. B. Mills, 1888, 1889; D. 

F. Karnes, 1890-1894, 1896-1901 ; B. F. Dildine, 1895- 

1901 ; Alfratta Champe, assistant High School teacher 

1891-1892; Mana Clark, 1896; Ola G. Mansfield, 

1897- 1901. 

December 31, 1892, Mrs. Delia Peterman was em< 

ployed at $20 per month to teach vocal music, and she 

was re-employed from year to year until June, 1896, 

when the study of music under a special teacher waa 

discontinued. ' 

Directoff Subdistrict No. 20. 

A. Shoemaker, Treasurer, 1847; ^r- ^^^^ Clark, 
Clerk, 1847; Wm. James, 1847, resigned, and on Feb- 
ruary 12, 1848, the Clerk appointed Wm. R. Darnell, 
1848, 1849; Edward Gares, Clerk 1848; Samuel 
Sharp, 1848; Thomas Hughes, Clerk 1849; C. J. 
Stevenson, 1849. 

February 2, 1850, organized under an "Act*' passed 
in 1849. Thomas Hughes, 1850, 1851 ; A. Willie, 
1850, 1851 ; C. J. Stevenson, 1850, 1851 ; Wm. R. 
Darnell, 1850, 1851 ; J. Anderick, 1850; Jesse Dildine, 
1850. In 1850 Thomas Hughes was President, A. 
Willie Clerk, and C. J. Stevenson Treasurer. No fur- 
ther records could be found of the membership of the 
Board until 1878, since which the following have 
served : 


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Wm. Chandler, 1878, moved away and W. L. Powell 
elected June 14, 1878 — December 13, 1879; Mr. 
Powell having moved away, the Board elected J. S. 
Pattrick, 1879, 1882; Morris Kile, 1880, 1881 ; F. S. 
Rarey, 1883, 1884; John F. Wildermuth, 1885; Jethro 
Denton, 1886-1888, 1890-1895; Robt. A. Shaw, 1889; 
Frank E. Williams, 1896; Edward Gares, 1897-1901. 


A. Shoemaker, 1847; A. Willie, 1848; C. J. Stev- 
enson, 1850, 1854, 1855; Geo. McCormick, 185 1 ; Dr. 
G. L. Smith, 1852, 1856, i8')8; J. Weaver, 1857; J. 
H. Fearn, 1859-1861 ; Casper Limpert, 1862-1867 (to 
April 30, 1868) ; S. Allen Peters, 1869-1878, died, and 
Dr. G. L. Smith appointed 1878-1883; Dr. Smith re- 
signed August, 1883, and Wm. Mason appointed 1883- 
1887, 1890, 1891 ; Dr. J. H. Saylor, 1888, 1889; J. L. 
Chaney, 1892-1896; Wm. R. Smith, 1897-1901. 


G. A del, 1 878- 1 883; moved away and on December 
27, 1883, the Board appointed C. P. Long, 1883, 1884, 
1890; Dr. J. H. Saylor, 1885; J- L. Chaney, 1886, 
1887; Edward Gares, 1888, 1889; Wm. R. Smith, 
1891-1895, resigned, and on May 16, 1895, the Board 
elected J. O. Rarey, 1895; Chas. D. Rarey, 1896-1898, 
resigned August 26, 1898, having been appointed Dep- 
uty Recorder of Franklin county, and the Board 
elected Philip C. Tussing, 1898- 1901. 


S. Allen Peters, 1877, 1878, died, and in May, 1878, 
the Board appointed J. S. Pattrick, 1878, 1882; died 


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> > 

3: » 

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December, 1882; W. L. Powell, 1878-1879; Chas. 
Campbell, 1878-1882, 1884-1886; G. S. Dildine, 1878- 
188 1, moved away and on October 28, 1881, the Board 
appointed John F. Wildermuth, 1881-1887; on De- 
cember 13, 1879, Morris Kile, 1879-1882, was ap- 
pointed in place of Wm. L. Powell, who moved away ; 
Mr. Kile moved out of the district on April 12, 1882; 
the Board appointed Wm. Mason, 1882-1891, 1895; 
John A. Kile was appointed December 2y, 1883, 
in place of G. Adel, who moved away, 1883-1885; 
Dr. J. H. Saylor, 1883-1890; F. S. Rarey, 1883-1885, 
moved away, and on June 3, 1885, the Board appointed 
J. L. Chaney, 1885-1889, 1892-1897; Jethro Denton, 
1886-1888, 1890-1895; Robt. Kile, 1887; September, 
29, 1887, J^s. K. Rarey was appointed in place 
of J. F. Wildermuth, who moved away; Edward 
Gares, 1888-1890, 1896-1901 ; Robt. A. Shaw, 1888, 
1889, 1896-1901 ; Wm. R. Smith, 1889-1901 ; Chas. 
P. Long, 1884, 1890-1895; John O. Rarey, 1891-1895; 
Frank E. Williams, 1891-1896; Chas. D. Rarey, 1896- 
1898 (resigned August 26, 1898, and W. R. Smith ap- 
pointed) ; Dr. C. R. Clement, 1895-1901 ; Philip C. 
Tussing, 1897-1901 ; L. B. Carruthers, 1898-1901. 


J. Cunningham, 1877-1882, 1886-1887; Mr. Cun- 
ningham resigned September 29, i882,-.and the Board 
elected Reuben Abbott, 1882, 1883, 1885; E. Childs, 
1884; Mark Codner, 1888-1891 ; Silas Montgomery, 
1892-1895; Albert Sandy, 1896-1901. 

Truant Officcfs. 

John A. Kile, 1890-1892; Elder Thompson, 1893; 
O. R. Mansfield, 1894, declined to serve and Silas 


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Montgomery elected, 1894, 1895; Albert Sandy, 1896- 

The following is a list of the graduates of the 
Groveport High School; Class of 1871, Flora Rarey^ 
Ida L. Smith and Mattie L. Long (there were no grad- 
uates in 1872 nor in 1873) ; 1874, Ida S. Seymour;. 
1875, Emma Rarey (no class in 1876) ; 1877, Lizzie 
L. Long; 1878, Delia M. Champ (there were no grad- 
uates for the next seven years) ; 1886, Delia M. Kile,. 
Maxa E. Swisher, Katharine A. Corbett, Katharine T. 
Corbett, Lillie Montgomery, Leota I. Saylor and 
Thornton L. Peters (no class in 1887) ; 1888, Lizzie 
Z Zinn, Lena M. Mason, Etoile Montgomery, Sadie 
Stimmel, Hattie Saylor, Charles C. Swisher, Frank M. 
McCartney and Frank Mann; 1889, Cora Tussing, 
Swisher, Nellie Decker, Kate Denton, Ada Earhart, 
W. E. Simms, Frank Dildine and M. Leo Corbett (no 
classes in 1890 or 1891) ; 1892, Jesse L. Kile, Alice 
Swisher, Nellie Decker, Kate Denton, Ada Earhart, 
Mary Wildermuth, Chas. H. Lott, Heber E. Kile, 
Frank Dill, Florence Cares, Ray Herr and Albert 
Herr; 1893, Jennie Saylor, Nora Corbett, Grace 
Cromwell, Lizzie McGuffey, Claude Cromwell, Nora 
Weatherington, Mary Denton, Alma Montgomery, 
Alice Rarey, Lula Toy, E. Todd Rohr, Geo. C. Lin* 
coin, George Needels and Arthur Hendren; 1894, 
Anna E. Carder, Kirk R. Carruthers, Glenna Carruth- 
ers, Frank P. Corbett, J. Collins Fickel, G. Raymond 
Kile, Nettie D. Weatherington, Minnie L. Murphy, 
Ola G. Mansfield, Matilda E. Peterson, M. Clark Rai- 
nier, Lizzie Saylor, and W. Grant Strickler; 1895, 
Bessie Kile, Alva Peters, Alice M. Fickel, Maurice M. 
Peters, Delia Simms, F, Scott Simms and Henry Not- 
stine; 1896, Florence Swisher, Tessa Stukey, Elsie 


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Swisher, Hattie O. Arnold, Mamie J. Gates, Sarah C. 
Moore, R. Ross Shaw, Will L. Powell, John H. Mont- 
gomery, Harley B. Dolby, LeRoy M. Willie, Edson F. 
Rainier, Chas. F. Dolby, Chas. C. Plum and J. Russel 
Strickler; 1897, Maggie Arnold, Blanche Needels, 
Florence Seymour, James Simms, Bertie Toy, Martha 
Walton, Howard Rarey and Laura Schlosser; 1898^ 
Sadie Copeland, Edith Decker, Nellie Larrison, Alice 
Paxton, Gracie Preston, Josie Schlosser, Bess Sey- 
mour, Maud Seymour, Grace Seymour, Louie Stans- 
berry. Amy Swisher, Alva Kile, Bert Peer, Will Peters 
(there was no graduating class in 1899) ; 1900, Har- 
ley E. Peters, Walter Zimmer, Anna Rarey, Lucius 
Davis; 1901, Maude Chaney, Ray Decker, Mabe)" 
Long, Charles Lincoln, Kathryn Saylor, Naimie 
Simms, Joseph Rohr, Ray Teegardin and Pearl Tus- 


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'Discretion of speech is more than eloquence; and to speak 
-agreeably to him with whom zve deal is more than to speak in 
good words y or in good order." — Bacok. 

The old-fashioned spelling school furnished the 
principal literary entertainment, especially for the 
young people. The spelling-school became popu- 
lar with the erection of buildings intended for school 
houses, and continued in favor well into the sixties. 
Many became so proficient in the art of spelling that 
it was nothing unusual to spend a whole evening in 
pronouncing words — at the beginning from the spell- 
ing book, and later from the pronouncing dictionary — 
and then only "seat" the last few spellers by resorting 
to ''cratch'' words. The announcement of a spelling- 
school was soon heralded over the neighborhood and 
usually brought together the champion spellers and 
their friends from the adjoining districts; the spelling 
began at candle-lighting, and each person was expected 
to bring a candle. "Pronouncing" was an important 
factor, and usually two or more persons — in most in- 
stances the school teachers — were chosen, who re- 
lieved each other in turns. 

The Debating Society took the place of the spelling- 
school for those past school age, especially in the more 

intelligent neighborhoods. It is the Debating Society 



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which instilled that thirst for knowledge, and whose 
forum called out and developed that power of "think- 
ing on one's feet," and which reveals the secret of the 
dignified, graceful and attractive force which was so 
marked in many of our business and prof essionar men 
of a few decades ago. 

On January 25, 1840, a Literary Society was or- 
ganized in Winchester, and named "The Winchester 
Institute." The record book containing its constitu- 
tion, membership roll and the secretary's minutes from 
its organization to January 11, 1847, inclusive, is be- 
fore the writer. The following extracts from its con- 
stitution will give some idea of its object and method 
of work. "The object of this society shall be intel- 
lectual and colloquial improvement by the candid in- 
vestigation and free, polite and manly discussion of 
such questions as the society from time to time may 
deem proper." "The officers shall be a President, two 
Vice-Presidents, a Secretary and two Curators." "It 
shall be the duty of the President and two Vice-Presi- 
dents to sit in hearing questions discussed and then 
give their decision according to the weight of the argu- 
ments." "The Curators shall collect all monies, fur- 
nish lights and fuel, submit questions for discussion 
and select persons to write essays or to declaim." 
"Any respectable male person may become a membei 
by paying to the Curators the sum of I2jc and signing 
the constitution, providing two-thirds of the members 
vote for his reception." 

"Members' names: F. C. King, A. Hathaway, 
Henry Eichelberger, D. C. Atwater, W. H. Edmund- 
son, W. B. Waters, (Dr.) Stephen H. Potter, Wm. 
Fry, (Dr.) Joseph B. Potter, John Helpman, Petet 
Miller, Samuel Bartlit, D. S. Morrow, Wm. Curtis,, 


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Jacob Schrock, Samuel Burkholder, John M. Kramer, 
Jacob Rone, Robert Cowen, Nathaniel Tallman, John 

F. Bartlit, Wm. Overholtzer, Peter Kramer, Thomas 
Xemp, J. J. Needels, (Rev.) W. R. Letzinger, Adam 
Kramer, John Teems, John Colman, Nathaniel Bray, 
Abner Ebright, Geo. Ebright, A. Bruner, David Kra- 
mer, Andrew Helpman, R. I. Mason, Samuel MciTis, 
John T. Ford, (Rev.) Elias Vandermark." And later 
the following others became members : Z. Collins, C. 
C. Holmes, (Dr.) C. Langworthy, Peter Kinsler, Wm. 
L. Stevenson, Levi Moore, Wm. Line, Hinton Tall- 
man, Wash Hendricks, H. W. Rowland, (Rev.) M. 
Biddler, H. Bresler, (Dr.) G. W. Blake, Wm. Prentiss, 
James Clendening, Wm. Helpman, Joshua Glanville, 
Jacob Jacobs, Esq., Jacob Dravenstott, A. Lafabirse, 
John Farsee, J. B. Evans, T. B. Johnson, (Rev). Wm. 

Wilson, Eli Moore, Scunnell, Wm. Hubbard, 

David Dixon, Philip Price, J. Jeffers, Chever, 

Wm. Morton, J. N. Slife, A. P. Morton, R. Tallman, 

G. S. Stevenson, Solomon Gayman, Nathaniel Sprague, 
W. Decker, Francis Cunningham and Wm. Harbaugh. 
Meetings were held in the school house, Dr. Stephen H. 
Potter's office and other places, and begun at candle- 
lighting; sessions were held only during the winter 

We record rather a long list of the questions dis- 
cussed, since they reveal the subject matter of some 
of the leading problems in the public mind half a cent- 
ury or more ago: "Has the African more reason to 
complain than the Indian ?" "Does the newspaper press 
produce a salutary influence?" "Has the brute creation 
been of more benefit to the community at large than 
the vegetable production?" "Which is the strongest 
passion, Love or Anger?" "Is there more pleasure in 


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Anticipation than Participation?" "Is Climate the cause 
of the Different Varieties in the Human Species?" 
"'*Ought Females to be Equally Educated with Males ?" 
"^'Is Conscience Innate or Acquired?" "Would it be 
Policy for the State of Ohio to Pass a General Bank- 
ing Law ?" "Does the Physician Produce more Benefit 
than the Preacher (or Divine) ?" "Which Produce^ 
the Greatest Influence — the Male or the Female?" 
''^Has Pride and Ambition had a Worse Influence than 
Ignorance and Superstition?" "Has Money done more 
Injury than Ardent Spirits?" "Has Wealth greater In- 
fluence than Talent?" "Ought Bank Notes under the 
Denomination of Fifty (50) Dollars be in Circula- 
tion?" "Does the Present State of Things Indicate 
Universal Civilization?" "Ought Capital Punishment 
be Abolished?" "Is Ambition a Stronger Passion than 
Pride?" "Has the Discovery of the Magnet been of 
more Benefit to Mankind than the Art of Printing?" 
"Has Slavery in the United States Injured the Con- 
dition of the Negro?" "Has the Male more Influence 
in Court than the Female?" "Resolved, That Murder is 
Worse than Seduction," "Resolved, That all Laws 
Making Distinction on Account of Color Should be 
Repealed," "Resolved, That all Banks of Paper Issue 
should be Repealed," "Resolved, That Foreign Immi- 
gration Should be Prohibited." 

In the latter part of the sixties and early in the 
seventies, the Amateur Dramatic Society was intro- 
duced, and many an evening was spent in rehearsals 
and drills. It is interesting to note that the amateur 
theatricals began and also stopped at about the same 
time at both Winchester and Groveport, so the ques- 
tion naturally arises as we observe the passing of these 


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various forms of entertainment as to what will take 
the place of the present popular lecture course. 

July i8 and 19, 1867, G. S. Stevens, who was then 
Superintendent of the Winchester schools, assisted bv 
others, gave an exhibition under a tent just west of 
the school house. The program was of a miscellane- 
ous character, only part of which can now be recalled. 
John Shoemaker acted "Toodles," and Jennie Somer- 
ville "Mrs. Toodles ;" Lide Algire recited "The Ma- 
niac." In "Josephine,*' a pantomine, Luda Fry acted 
Josephine, Katie Shortt acted Hortense and David Fr> 
was Eugene; Mr. Stephens and Emma Haskell acted 
the parts of "Moses and his wife" when Miss Haskell 
(Mrs. Philip Game) sang the familiar song, the cho- 
rus of which is : 

"Xow, Moses, you'll catch it, 

Now, Moses, don't touch it, 

Xow, Moses, you hear what I say; 

Tis thus without stopping. 

The music keeps dropping, 

From night after night 

And from day after day." 

Another pantomime was entitled, "Marriage in ■ 
War Times ;" "Fair Ringen on the Rhine" was recited 
by Laura Schoch, Katie Stevenson and Nan Evans; 
Poe's Raven was sung by Emma Haskell and Wm. M. 
Game. Among others who sang were Mame Hische^ 
Ellen Rees, Katie Short, Katie Stevenson, Blanch 
Bergstresser and Alice Stevenson. A festival was held 
upstairs in the school house in connection with this ex- 

In the winter 1869- 1870 a Mr. Harry A. Davis, 
alias Howard, alias Mortimer, and wife(?) came to 


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"PINNAFORE" GROUP. April 1889. 

Rear Row — T. M. Armpreister, M. M. Warner, Wm. Speaks, G. M. Herbst, O. P. Gay man and 

Chas. Blake. 
Middle Row — Blla Vought. Laura Zirkle, Sarah Schoch, Mary Herbst. Ollie Ashe, Pannie 

Game, Gertie Bailey, Cad Watson, Edith Ashe, Minnie McPadden and Oley Speaks. 
Front Row — B. P. Gayman, Kate Weber. Alice Speaks, Joe Ashe, Chas. Boyer, Dr. J. W. 

Shook, Ida Speaks and John C. Speaks. 


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■.' ^ '- 


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Winchester. He had considerable ability as an actor, 
and through his efforts the first amateur theatrical so- 
ciety in Winchester was organized. On Wednesday 
evening, February i6, 1870, the drama, "Ten Nights 
in a Bar Room" was rendered with the following 
"cast'' : Sample Sicitcheil, Harry A. Davis ; Romaine, 
Joe E. Evans; Joe Morgan, H. A. Davis; Simon 
Slade, Levi Kramer; Frank Slade, Wm. Trine; Har^ 
vey Green, Wm. Game; Willie Hammond, P. M. Cas- 
low; Mrs. Morgan, Mary Speaks; Mary Morgan,, 
Ella Blake; Benny Morgan, Albert Speaks; Mr^. 
Slade, Ollie Hesser; Mehitable Cartwright, Mrs H. 
A. Davis ; and on the same evening the farce, "Paddy 
Miles' Boy,'' was given. The "cast" was: Paddy 
Miles, H. A. Davis; Dr, Coates, Chas. B. Cowen;, 
Harry Coates, W. M. Game ; Job, Geo. F. Bareis ; Mrs,. 
Fidgett, Mary Speaks, Jane Fidgett, M. Algire ; Reu- 
ben, Pete M. Caslow. On the following evening the 
drama, "Ireland As It Is" was produced; the "cast" 
was : Dan O'Carolan, Chas. B. Cowan ; Ragged Pat, 
H. A. Davis; Neil O'Carolan, W. P. Caslow; Lord 
Squander, Wm. M. Game; Old Stone, A. B. Lucas; 
Conor O' Flaherty, Geo. F. Bareis ; Slang, Wm. Trine , 
Purdy Magee, P. M. Caslow; Judy O'Trot, Mrs. Da- 
vis; Honor O'Carolen, Mary Speaks; Florence O'Car- 
olen, Ella Blake ; and the farce, "To Oblige Benson," 
with the following "cast" : Mr. Benson, W. D. Cas- 
low ; Mrs. Benson, Ollie Hesser ; Mr. Southdown, H, 
A. Davis; Mrs. Southdown, Mrs. Davis; Mr. Mere- 
dith, A. 3. Lucas. The entertainments were given in 
the "Rink." It then stood on High street, just south 
of the railroad tracks. This building was torn down 
in 1901. The building was filled to its utmost ca- 
pacitv: every available space was occupied, even on 
'10 H M T 


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top of the little office in the northwest corner, and 
along the nailing ties. To those on the stage it ap- 
peared to be one solid mass of humanity, not onlj^ on 
the floor, but also up the side walls. The scenery was 
painted by Mr. Davis expressly for this occasion. The 
"Bills" were printed by Wm. D. Caslow, who operated 
a small job press for Dr. A. Starr. A foot note on the 
bills said: "Persons holding 50-cent tickets can se- 
cure a good seat at any hour they may arrive, as there 
will be as many of the best seats reserved as there are 
50-cent tickets sold." The music was furnished by the 
Lithopolis Cornet Band. 

In the spring of 1875 the Winchester Dramatic 
Club was organized, with the following members, viz : 
W. J. Dixon, of Reynoldsburg, Ohio, manager ; Fred. 
F. Ungemach, Chas. Epply, Wm. M. Game, Chas. Al- 
len, Edward Evans, Wm. H. McClintock, Allie E. 
Cayman, Geo. W. Miller, Lee Kramer, Wm. D. Beeks, 
Misses Mary Speaks, Nan Evans, Ella Blake, Lide 
Leckrone, Kate Allen, Ollie Hesser and Ida E. Speaks, 
Chas. B. Cowen, prompter. On April i, 1875, they 
rendered "Ten Nights in a Bar Room,*' and on April 
2, "The Coacher's Doom." After the entertainment 
Mr. and Mrs. Philip Game tendered the club a recep- 
tion at their home, and on the following Saturday 
evening John and Rachel Gehm entertained them at 
their home on Waterloo street. On September 24, 
1875, "Uncle Tom's Cabin," and on September 25 "The 
Octoroon" ; the farces, "The Specter Bridegroom" 
and "Getting into Trouble" were also given. Miss 
Mary Speaks, John Selby, Tall Hite and a Mr. Ed- 
wards furnished the music. October 9, 1875, "The 
Octoroon" and "Getting into Trouble" was repeated as 
a benefit. December 10, 1875, a benefit was tendered 


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Mr. Fred T. Ungemach, when the "Streets of New 
York" was rendered, and the following evening "Nick 
of the Woods," and the farce, "That Nose of Mine," 
was rendered. February 22, 1876, "Kathleen Mavou- 
reen" and the farce, "My Wife is Out." On May 6, 
1876, they went to Groveport via Capt. James Fay's 
boat. The Winchester Comet Band accompanied 
them. On July 4, 1876, "The Poacher's Doom" and 
^*Take Care of Charlie" were rendered. In 1878 the 
club was reorganized, with the following members: 
Alf. Fairbanks, R. W. Bolenbaugh, Fred Ungemach, 
Wm. M. Game, Chas. Shoemaker, W. D. Beeks, A. E. 
Gayman, John Helpman, Jr., John C. Speaks, Albert 
Speaks, E. C. Chaney, Chas. W. Miller, Hal. V. Cha- 
ncy, and Misses Ella Vought, Ollie Hesser and Blanch 
Bergstresser, and on June 13 they rendered "Daniel 
Boone," and on June 15, "The Ticket of Leave." 

In the early spring of 1886 the following young 
people organized a literary society and called it the Y. 
P. L. S. Misses Rose Gayman, Zell Billingsly, Seppie 
Yost, Sarah Gayman, Mollie Gayman, Callie Dunlap, 
Jessie Leoffler, Blanche Dibble, Effie Leonard, Carrie 
Rees, Lizzie Moore, Recy Sarber, and Henry Lehman, 
B. F. Lehman, C. V. Moore, O. P. Gayman, Phil C. 
Tussing, G. W. Tooill, Chas. W. Gayman, John Picker- 
ing, Will S. Tussing, Joe Starr, Anexy Ringer, O. P. 
Dunlop and W. A. Delong. On Saturday evening, 
May 8, 1886, they rendered a program in Ghem*s Hall 
consisting of dialogues, etc., "A Natural Spell," "The 
Train Tomorrow," "Out All Around," "The Master- 
piece," "The Wrong Man," and "An Unhappy Pair." 

On December 11, 1886, the Sons of Veterans gave 
an entertainment in Gehm's Hall consisting of recita- 
tions and the following dialogues: "The Wrong 


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Man/' **Saved by a Dream," "Advertising for a Hus- 
band," and "From Punkin Ridge." Those taking part 
were : W. S. Tussing, Laura Zerkle, Chas. W. Gay- 
man, Carrie Rees, Minnie McFadden, Recy Sarber, 
Edna Lawyer, Gertie Bailey, Blanch Dibble, Effie 
Leonard, Fannie Game, Zell Billingsly, Joe Starr, Will 
S. Tussing, Oliver P. Dunlop, Chas. Alstadt, Henry 
Lehman, Anexy Ringer, Phil C. Tussing, Geo. W» 
Tooill, James Adams and Clem V. Moore. 

On September 20 and 24, 1886, the drama, "En- 
listed for the War" was rendered by E. E. Arnold,. 
Harr}' Miller, Benj. F. Lehman, A. Ringer, J. B. Out- 
land, Ella Helpman, S. Arvilla Yost, Nellie Schrock 
and others, the proceeds to be used for the purpose of 
organizing a drum corps for the Sons of Veterans. 

On Wednesday evening, February 16, 1887, ^^^ 
Irish drama, "More Sinned Against than Sinning,'' 
was given at Gehm's Opera House by J. W. Shook, 

B. F. Cayman, G. W. Miller, Joe S. Ashe, C B. Tut- 
tle, G. W. Sponsler, W. L. Walters, T. A. Arnold, W. 

C. Bailey. O. L. Dibble and others. On the same 
evening C. B. Tuttle recited Shamas O'Brine. 

December 10, 1887, the Potter Light Guards ten- 
dered a benefit entertainment to Amos Walters. The 
program consisted of a solo by Alice Speaks, a farce, 
"W^ooing Under Difficulties" ; a drama, "Tempter, or 
the Sailor's Return"; a solo by Capt. John C. Speaks, 
and a farce, "Brother Bill and Me." This entertain- 
ment marked the passing of the amateur dramatics in 


MoMtrt Otsb. 

Among the most notable musical organizations was 
the Mozart Club, which was organized in the fall of 
1874, with the following members: John H. Speil- 


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man, Director; Wm. C. Speilman, Ed. C. Speilman, 
J. Peter Weisman, Wes. H. McClintock, Mary Speaks, 
Ida Speaks, Carrie Bowman and Ollie Hesser, with 
Elanch Bergstresser and Katie Short, pianists. The 
first concert was given on February i8, 1875; at the 
close of the entertainment the club was invited to a 
iDanquet at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Weisman. 
Other concerts were rendered during the season of 
1875-1876. On March 10, 1876, at their fifth concert, 
Mr. Meise, of Lancaster, assisted. The sixth concert 
was given on March 2, 1877, when they rendered ** Pau- 
line, or the Belle of Saratoga," and on March 16 they 
repeated this program at Lancaster, having a special 
coach attached to the afternoon passenger train, and 
returning on a special about midnight. On March 28 
they repeated it at Groveport, making the trip on a 
canal boat. Prior to the visit of the Mozart Club to 
Groveport, some of the young people of the latter place 
had advertised an entertainment in Winchester to 
which only about half a dozen tickets were sold. There 
was quite a rivalry and considerable feeling between 
the two neighboring towns in those days. With all 
the advertisement and the attractions incident to the 
Mozart Club's advent, with quite a company of their 
friends and a brass band, there were only four or five 
Groveport persons in their audience. One or two 
numbers were sung, when it was announced that the 
concert would be declared off and the money refunded 
at the door. 

In the fall of 1877 ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ reorganized, with 
the following members: J. H. Speilman, Director; 
W. C. and Ed. C. Speilman, T. F. Ungemach, J. P. 
Weisman, Warren Somerville, Wm. D. Beeks, John 
C Speaks, B. F. Gayman, Robt. W. Bolenbaugh, Alf. 


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Fairbanks, R. C. Caslow, Mary, Ida and Alice Speaks^ 
Ollie Hesser, Carrie Bowman, Lynn and Jessie Somer- 
ville, Sarah C. Schoch, Ida Gayman, Ollie McKelvey 
and Ella Vought, with Blanch Bergstresser, pianist. 
On Thursday and Saturday evenings. May 9 and 11, 
1878, they rendered the opera, "Bohemian Girl," and 
repeated it as benefit for Miss Ida Speaks on May 
22, 1878. The Mozart Club possessed musical ability 
far above that usually found in a village, and rendered 
a high class of music in an artistic way. 

Winchester Vocal Society* 

Another notable musical society was organized in 
the fall of 1885, and named the Winchester Vocal So- 
ciety. The members were: Joe S. Ashe, John C. 
Speaks, Dr. J. W. Shook, B. F. Gayman, Chas. L. 
Boyer, J. M. Armpreister, G. M. Harpst, Q. P. Gay- 
man, Will Speaks, M. M. Warner, Alice Speaks, Mrs. 
Ida Chaney, Kate Weber, Ella Vought, Cad. Watson, 
Mary Harpst, Edith and Ollie Ashe, Gertie Baily, Fan- 
nie Game, Minnie McFadden, Laura Zirkle and Sarah 
Schoch, with Edna Lawyer, pianist. On April 2 and 
3. 1886, they rendered the operetta, **H. M. S. Pina- 
fore.'* On May i they repeated it at Groveport. The 
Winchester Brass Band went with them on Capt. Webb 
Clellan's canal boat. 

Winchester Lecture Oxsne. 

The first attempt towards furnishing a course of 
entertainments was by a local committee in the winter 
of 1 885- 1 886. Rev. Austin Henry, then pastor of the 
Reformed church, being among the most active advo- 
cates, and the following four entertainments were 
given: January 28, 1886, G. Paul Smith, Imperson- 


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ator, and the Forbes family, Musicians. February ii 
and 12 Tank. Kee, Lectures on China (Tank-Kee also 
gave a benefit lecture for the Ohio river flood suffer- 
ers), and Julia Lee, Reader. 

In January, 1888, another course of four lectures 
was arranged, as follows : Rev. F. E. Marsten, D. D., 
"Balky People," January 27 ; Dr. W. H. Scott, Presi- 
dent 6. S. U., "The Use of Books," February 21 ; 
Francis C . Sessions, "From Yellowstone Park to 
Alaska," February 28; and Dr. X. S. Townsend, 
"Great People that I Have Seen," March 20. The net 
proceeds to be used in purchasing books for the 
Public Library. In the fall of 1888 a committee com- 
posed of the pastors of the local churches, arranged 
the following course of entertainments : December 10, 
1888, Anna Vickers (Elocutionist) ; December 28, 
General Joseph H. Geiger; January 11, 1889, ^- C. 
Sessions; January 25, Professor Perkins of O. W. U. ; 
February 4, Professor J. R. Smith of O. S. U., and 
February 22, Professor C. H. Workman. The receipts 
were $57, and the expenses $70. In the fall of 1889 
the prevailing opinion — based on the experience ol 
the season before — seemed to be that a lecture course 
could not be maintained except at a loss. Mr. A. A. 
Graham was then managing a lecture course in Co- 
lumbus, and through his solicitations a party of about 
thirty was made up, and a special train service secured. 
A coach was attached to a coal train leaving Winches- 
ter at about 6 o'clock p. m., and returning on a "light 
extra" after the entertinment. A similar arrange- 
ment was made in the fall of 1890, when the following 
persons held season tickets: Geo. F. Bareis, S. T. 
Needels, C. D. Whitehurst, Laura and Ella White- 
hurst, O. P. Gayman, Philip Game, Edwin S. Gayman, 


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H. H. Dibble, Professor Thomas Fitzgerald, Kate and 
Emma Weber, C. V. Moore, Gertie Bailey, S. E. Bai- 
ley, Lila Starr, R. J. Tussing, Mrs. J. B. Potter, Mrs. 
Rachel Griffith, Rev. C. W. Bostwick, Rev. A. Snider, 
Oliver A. 'Wright, Ed. Crayton, E. C. Chaney, Sam H. 
Martin, Ben F. Bowman, Daniel Detwiler, Dr. L. W. 
Beery, Wm. Schrock, Pet. Schoch, O. P. Bowman, and 
Mrs. McFadden, from Winchester; O. E. D. Baugher, 
Stella Crumley and Dr. G. S. Courtright, from Lith- 
opolis, and J. L. Chaney, J. K. Chaney, W. H. Zinn, 
Ed. Denton, Chas. Swisher, J. M. Kelley, Welton Sey- 
mour, F. G. Pontius, A. M. Rarey, J. D. Rarcy, John 
O. Rarey, C. P. Long, Rev. G. W. Lott, Professor J. 
A. Wilcox and Dr. C. R. Clement, of Groveport. On 
the evening of April 23, 1891, just before the train left 
the depot at Winchester, John L. Chaney, of Grove- 
port, on behalf of the patrons of this lecture course, 
presented Geo. F. Bareis with a handsome antique oak 
rocking chair '*in appreciation of the time he has given 
and the personal expense he has been at in making the 
arrangement for so profitable a season of entertain- 
ments." On November 6, 1891, at a meeting held at 
the residence of Geo. F. Bareis a committee was ap- 
pointed to manage a Citizens' Lecture Course, and the 
following courses have been given: Season of 1891- 

1892, "Spedon," **Tmperial Quartette," **Col. L. F. 
Copcland," **Eli Perkins,'* **Dr. A. A. Wittetts"; 1892- 

1893, Major H. C. Dane, Fisk Jubilee Singers, Leland 
Powers, Lotus Glee Club, Geo. R. Wendling, Col. 
Sandford, Col. L. F. Copeland; 1893-1894, Ariel La- 
dies, Morgan Wood, Bob Burdette, John Thomas Con- 
cert Co., John Temple Graves, Byron King; 1894- 
1895, Smith Sisters, Prof. J. B. DeMotte, Hon. L. L 
Handy, Shubert Male Quartette, Brooks-Macy Corn- 


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:.= ? 




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I d .' 
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I i 


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bination; 1895-1896, Swedish Quartette, Prof. J. B. 
DeMottc, Franz Wilzek Concert Co., Henry Hall, 
Henry Watterson; 1896- 1897, Col. Geo. W. Bain, 
Robt Nourse, Dr. Eugene May, Nashville Students 
Concert Co., Harvard Quartette; 1897-1898, Ladies 
Symphony Orchestra (at i o'clock p. m., December 
20, 1897), Dr. A. A. Willetts, Vandalia Varnum, Arion- 
Cooke Combination. The price of season tickets for 
these four entertainments was $1.25. Each of the 
above courses of entertainments was managed by a 
citizens' committee. Xo "course'* was undertaken 
during the season of 1898- 1899. The lecture course 
entertainments for the following three seasons have 
been given under the auspices of the Knights ot 
Pythias Lodge, Xo. 125; 1899-1900, Ariel Ladies 
Quartette, Spillman Riggs, DeVVitt Miller, Uncle Josh 
Picture Play Company and Dr. Eugene May; 1900- 
190 1, John Thomas Concert Co., Samuel Phelps Le- 
land, W. H. J. Ham, W. Hinton White-and Slayton's 
Jubilee Singers; 1901-1902, The Rogers-Grilly Re- 
citals, Slayton's Jubilee Singers, Homer T. Wilson, 
Edward T. Hagerman and Lovett's Boston Stars. 

The following interesting history of some of the 
entertainments of Groveport was gathered up by Mr. 
A. M. Senter. Back in the sixties some of the young 
men organized a reading club, rented a room upstairs 
in the old frame building that burned down about 
where Vogle's grocery now stands. The members 
were: John Wallace, Chas. Wallace, John Byrne, 
Luke G. Byrne, F. M. Senter, A. M. Senter, W. C. 
Gill, Wm. Schockley and Geo. Rowland. They gave 
a series of theatrical entertainments each winter for 
two or three years. The proceeds were used to fur- 
nish the reading room with furniture, carpet, books, 


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etc. The reading room was nick-named "the Loafers' 
Lx)dge.'' These entertainments were the first in the 
way of amateur theatricals that were g^ven in Grove- 
port. John Wallace did Irish comedy, A. M. Senter 
Dutch comedy, Wm. Shockley took the "heavy'*" 
parts. The boys dramatized a novel and produced a 
play called "Villainy Foiled." At one time the re- 
hearsals were held in the reading room. "Mrs. 
Grundy" had too much to say about the ladies wha 
were to assist meeting there for rehearsals, and the 
consequence was that a short time before the date 
given out for the play the ladies left. But the boys 
were not to be balked, so rewrote the play, cut out 
some characters, dressed Shockley and Gill in women's 
attire and gave the show. 

In March, 1873, another company was organized^ 
with the following persons as members: B. Frank 
Winzell, James Corbett, Frank Champe, Elliot AdeU 
John Wallace, Chas. Wallace, Thomas Byrne, Wm. R. 
Smith, Wm. Bright, Chas. Williams, Oscar Kramer^ 
Jas. K. Price, Wm. Gares, and Misses Vic. Campbell, 
Ella Wallace, Mell Dildine and Georgia Campbell. On 
March 25, 1873, they played "Nick of the Woods" and 
"The Irish Tiger"; March 26, "The Last Loaf" and 
"Do You Know Me?" March 27, "The Irish Yankee" 
and "No one Round the Corner"; and on March 28^ 
"Nick of the Woods" and "The Last Loaf." The re- 
ceipts were $115. These entertainments were given in 
the Baptist church. April, 1876, two amateur theatri- 
cal companies were organized. The Excelsiors and the 
Thespians; the members of the Excelsiors were: 
Misses Vic. Campbell, Georgia Campbell,^ Ella Wal- 
lace, Deaze Senter and Mrs. F. M. Senter, and John 
Wallace, Chas. Wallace, Chas. Williams, E. E. Wil- 


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liams, Frank Champe, D. Fisher Karnes, A. M. Sen- 
ter, James Corbett and F. M. Senter. April 15, 1876, 
they gave the first entertainment ever given in the 
Town Hall. Entertainments were given July 14, 
1876; August 28, 29 and 30, 1877; and August 3, 
1878. Assisted by W. N. Compton, of Columbus^ 
Ohio, they again appeared at the Town Hall, and also- 
one night at Canal Winchester, and one night at Lith- 
opolis. Some of the plays rendered were "The Dutch- 
man's Ghost," "Idiot Witness," "The Persecuted 
Dutchman," "Ten Nights in a Bar Room," "Toodles," 
"The Limerick Boy," "Bread on the Waters," "The 
Irish Broom Maker," "Rum, or the First Glass," and 
"The May Pole Dance." 

The "Thespians" was organized by Prof. N. H. 
Gamer, then principal of the schools, and assisted by 
W. N. Compton, of Columbus, they played "Black- 
Eyed Susan," which was Mr. Compton's favorite. On 
April 26, 1876, the members of the company were N. 
H. Gamer, W. N. Compton, Wm. R. Smith, John^ 
Decker, Chas. P. Long, Geo. Smith, E. V. Adell, Will 
Weaver, Misses Addie Clelland, Myrtle Kelly, Ida 
Smith, Ella Coble, Jennie Guerin and others. 

Hodge and Williams Minstrels was organized in the 
fall of 1876 and appeared November 15, 1876, and 
quite a number of times thereafter ; their last appear- 
ance being on November 11, 1879. The company was 
composed of Thomas and Geo. Hodge, E. E. Williams, 
Chas. Hunter, B. F. Angle and others. Some of the 
leading features were Thos. Hodge and Williams* 
double clog, B. F. Angle*s song and dance, Thos. 
Hodge's essence, E. E. Williams, female impersonator,. 
Chas. Hunter, vocalist ; Ned Williams, great burlesque 
orator; G. M. Hodge, negro comedian; M. P. Sandy ^. 


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negro impersonator. It is said of them that they were 
always sure of a full house, and that they sent their 
patrons away well pleased. 

"Shortie's" Minstrels was the Hodge and Williams 
Company, with a few additions, under the management 
•of Marion Corwin, alias *'Shortie" Corwin. They 
gave entertainments on December 30, 1878, and Feb- 
ruary 26, 1880. 

After a lapse of some years, "Shortie" concluded 
to arrange for an entertainment, which at the same 
time should be a reunion ; so written invitations were 
sent to each of the former members to be present on 
January i, 1886. He engaged the Lithopolis Glee 
Club and the Madison Brass Band, and before the doors 
opened a grand street parade was given, led by "Shor- 
tie" himself. Immediately after the entertainment a 
banquet and reunion was held at M. Corbett's. 

The Juvenile Minstrels were organized by Pat. 
Cavinaugh, El Hunter and others, and were pupils of 
Hodge & Williams; they were boys from 14 to 16 
years of age, and apeared March 23, 1878, and March 
19, 1881, to full houses. February 28, 1886, "The So- 
cial Glass" was rendered by G. Mac. Rarey, E. P. Dil- 
•dine. Chas. Pattrick, E. G. Peters, C. D. Rarey, T. L. 
Peters, Minnie Parker, Nettie Rarey and Zoa Mans- 
field. On January 17, 1891, *The Border Land" was 
given by Chas. D. Rarey, O. P. Crist, Phil C. Tussing, 
B. F. Dildine, T. L. Peters, Geo. Willie, E. A. Swisher, 
Cora Tussing, Alice Swisher, Eva Pontius and Flor- 
ence Gares, and on February 21, 1891, *Trom Sumpter 
to Appomattox" was played by C. D. Rarey, P. C. Tus* 
^ing, O. P. Crist, B. F. Dildine, E. G. Peters, T. L. 
Peters, Cora Tussing and Florence Gares, and was re- 


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peated at Ashville, Ohio. This was the last of the 
amateur theatricals in Groveport. 

In the spring of 1889 the members of the W. R. 

C. of Groveport concluded to render a play entitled^ 
"The Crowning of the Queen of Fame," and they ap- 
peared in the Town Hall February 23, 1889, and re- 
peated it on March 28 at Winchester; the trip was 
made on a canal boat. The group picture is made up 
of such of the individual photographs in costume as 
we were able to secure. Several of those taking part 
did not have pictures taken at the time. The "cast" 
was as follows, viz: Goddess of Fame, Miss Lena 
Rarey ; Page, Master Fred Rarey ; Queen Isabella of 
Spain, Mrs. James K. Chaney ; Caroline Hershel, Mrs. 
O. R. Mansfield ; Pocahontas, Mrs. T. C. Thompson ; 
Martha IVashingfon, Mrs. Peter Reeves; Jeanne de 
Arc, Mrs. M. W. Darst; Ruth, Miss Lizzie Long; 
Martha Goose, Mrs. W. P. Seymour ; Xantippe, Mrs. 
L. F. Powell ; Mary Queen of Scots, Mrs. W. H. Hut- 
son; Mrs. Bronming, ]\Irs. Rachel HuflFman; Mrs. 
Partington, Mrs. W. H. Zinn ; Ike Partington, Mr. C. 

D. Rarey ; Sister of Charity ^ Mrs. R. A. Shaw ; Mir- 
iam, Moses' Sister, Mrs. J. L. Chaney ; Elizabeth Fry, 
the Quakeress, Mrs. J. D. Reed; Sappho, the Greek 
Poet, Mrs. C. A. Williams; Queen Elizabeth, Mrs. J. 
B. Duzan ; Jennie Lind, Mrs. J. O. Rarey ; Fanny 
Fern, Mrs. J. D. Rarey ; Rosa Bonheim, Miss Florence 
Gares: Madam Sontag, Miss Jennie Denton; Miss 
Francis IVillard, Mrs. D. M. Willie : Harriet Hasmer,. 
Mrs. C. Black, Jr. ; Florence Nightingale, Mrs. A. M. 
Rarey; Hypaiia, Mrs. Ed. Gares; Tabitha Primrose,. 
Mrs. C. L. Pontius. 


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Groveporf Lecture Cotsne* 

1894- 1895, "Chas. T. Grilley Concert Co.," "The 
Harvards," "Col. L. F. Copeland," "Smith Sisters," 
■**Howard Saxby," "Jules Levy Grand Concert Co," 
"'Dr. A. A. Willetts," "F. D. Losey"; 1895-1896, 
"^Lovett's Boston Stars," "Major H. C. Dane," "Col. 
L. F. Copeland," "English Hand Bell Ringers," "Dr. 
A. A. Willetts," "John B. Koehne" ; 1896-1897, "Nash- 
ville Students Concert Co.," "H. H. Barbour," "John 
Thomas Concert Co," " Weaver," "A. W. La- 
mar"; 1899-1900, "Chas. H. Frazier," "Spellman 
Riggs," "Uncle Josh Picture Play Co," "W. T. S. 
Culp," "Apollo Quartette"; 1900-1901, "Parker Con- 
cert Company," Dr. J. T. Hedley, DeWitt Miller, Dr. 
H. C. McGowan and Oxford Music Club ; 1901-1902, 
Melvin Robinson, Richie Novelty Co., The Swiss Bell 
Ringers, Leonard Garber and Hungarian Orchestra. 


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In 1817 Isaac D. Decker laid out a town on the 
northwest quarter of section No. i (formerly in Ross 
county), and named it Middletown, perhaps from the 
fact that it is located about half way between Lancas- 
ter and Columbus. What is now the Columbus & Lan- 
caster pike was then the only road through this section 
of country, and the travel following along its route in- 
vited Mr. Frederick Baugher to lay out a town in about 
181 5, some two miles further east, which he named 
Centerville, the name no doubt being adopted for the 
same reason that Mr. Decker *s town was named Mid- 
dletown, the object of each being to establish a half- 
way station or stopping place. Some few years later 
the name of Centerville was changed to Lithopolis. It 
is supposed that Dr. W. W. Talbott, of Jefferson, who 
was a Greek scholar, suggested or coined the name, 
which literally translated is Stoney-city. The name of 
Middletown was also changed in 1830 to Oregon. 
Atout the same time guide boards were put up at dif- 
ferent cross roads directing the travel toward it. 
Whoever put them up seems to have had an idea that 
in order to indicate the direction of the town the name 
on the guide-board should spell towards it. One of 
these boards on the west side of the Oregon road, at 
a point near where the Columbus and Winchester pike 
now intersects it, read Nogero; the supposition being 
that whoever read it would understand that in order 



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to reach Oregon he must travel in the direction of the 
spelling. The first postoffice in the township was es« 
tablished here in 1829, and Dr. Hersey ap- 
pointed postmaster. In 1833 Dr. Hersey resigned and 
Isaac D. Decker was appointed. The postoffice was 
discontinued about 1842. Only two or three buildings 
remain on the site of the town, although the place is 
still known by its original name, Middletoivn, Mr. 
Decker, who laid out the town, built a tavern on the lot 
now occupied by Geo. Williams. 


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Henry Dove entered the quarter section on which 
the village is located, in about 1802 or 1803; prior to 
his death he divided it and gave his son Reuben the 
east half and his son Jacob the west half, the center 
of High street being the dividing line. Jacob after- 
w^ard sold his land to John Colman. 

The first tree cut on the site of Winchester was a 
walnut directly in front of the residence of M. C, 
Whitehurst — now owned by Wm. H. Lane, Esq. — 
where the Reuben Dove homestead was located (Mrs. 
M. C. Whitehurst was a daughter of Reuben Dove). 
The first log cabin was built of poles, on the same site, 
in primitive fashion, without the use of nails, iron, or 
glass. Some years later a two-story hewed log house 
was erected which stood until the present brick house 
w^as built in 1865. 

When the canal was begun in 1827 Mr. Dove had 
the field, through which the canal was to be dug, in 
wheat, and objected to having it destroyed, but to no 
avail. Finally he threatened to bring suit against the 
state for damages to his crop. Some of the workmen 
suggested to him that here would be a good site for a 
town; being about half way between Lancaster and 
Columbus, and said : "We believe there will be more 
money in laying out a town than in trying to collect 
damages from the state.'' Acting on this suggestion, 
in company with John Colman, they employed James 
11 H M T (161) 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


O'Kane to survey and plat a town, which was name< 
Winchester, from the fact that Mr. Dove's father fon" 
merly lived at Winchester, Va., and accordingly on 
November 5, 1828, the following description, accompa- 
nied by a plat, was recorded at Lancaster, in Fairfield 
county : "The within is a plan or plat of the town o£ 
Winchester, laid off in the southeast quarter of Sec-j 
tion 30, Township 15, Range 20, of the land directed 
to be sold, by an 'Act* of Congress, at Chillicothe ; th 
lots are four (4) perches in front and ten (10) perches;" 
deep, and contain one-fourth acre each, except the lots. 
Nos. 9, 10, 17 and 18, they being of a triangular form,, I 
as marked on the within plat. The streets are four I I 
(4) perches in width; High street runs north andj 
south ; Columbus street runs with the bearings of the 
canal, which is west, 25° north ; both are given for pub- 
lic use. The lots are numbered, beginning at the 
northeast corner, then west and east until the same are 
numbered to twenty-five (25). Given under my hand 
and seal, this 4th day of November, 1828. 

"James O'Kane, Surveyor. 

(Signed) Reuben Dove. (Seal.) 

John Colman." (Seal.) 

On March 30, 1829, Mr. Dove recorded an addi- 
tion to the original plot, being the lots on both sides of 
Columbus street, to the east section line and on both 
sides of Waterloo street, beginning at High street and 
continuing to the east section line; they each contain 
one-fourth {\) acre, and are numbered from one to 
fifty. Lot No. 17 (Arendt's shoe shop) is given for a 
basin, lot No. 44 (Vought's) for school purposes and 
lot No. 2 (Binkley's) for public use. May 3, 1836, 
David Dixon laid out an addition, being the lots be- 
tween the canal and West street, and between Wash- 



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Ml '^ 

\ : 

O A ] 




M O U 



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ington street, and the alley just west of High street, 
and the lots on the south side of West street and east 
of Liberty street. On April 25, 1839 John Colman 
laid out an addition of 22 lots lying west of Liberty 
street, and between West street and Franklin alley. 
On November 9, 1839, David Dixon laid out his sec- 
ond addition, consisting of 53 lots west of Washington 
street, and between West street and the canal. Clin- 
ton street then extended to the canal. On November 
10, 1869, Wm. P. Miller laid out his first addition, con- 
taining nine lots, bounded by High, Friend and Mound 
streets and Cherry alley. July 19, 1870, Wm. P. Mil- 
ler's second addition was laid out. It consists of 22 
lots on the east side of High street, between Railroad 
street and the alley just north of Waterloo street. 
July 21, 1871, Wm. P. Miller laid out an amended ad- 
dition containing 38 lots and bounded by High street 
on the west. Town alley on the east. Railroad street 
on the north and the alley north of Waterloo street on 
the south, reserving a two-acre lot between Cherry, 

Town and alleys. December 16, 1870, John 

Kramer laid out an addition consisting of 10 lots, and 
bounded by Mound, Oak and Elm streets and Mill 
alley, and on February 2, 1874, he filed an amended 
plat, bounded as following: High, Elm, Mound and 
Oak streets. May 27, 1871, Henry Will laid out an 
addition consisting of 5 lots, bounded by Friend (now 
Elm) street on the east, Union alley on the north, and 
the Columbus and Winchester pike on the south and 
west. August 31, 1 87 1, Reuben Trine laid out an ad- 
dition consisting of 27 lots on the west side of Trine 
street, and between Waterloo street and Railroad 
street. March 8, 1876, John Kramer laid out his sec- 
ond addition consisting of 8 lots, bounded by High, 


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Oak and Mound streets and Mill alley. On November 
lo, 1882, the corporation line was extended north of 
the railroad, taking in the mill and the beer garden. 
January 20, 1883, Washington street was extended 
north, across the canal to the Columbus and Winches- 
ter pike, and on November 9, 1885, Solomon S. Leh- 
man platted an addition of 4 lots on the south side of 
West Waterloo street, near High street. That part of 
Winchester between High street, Cherry alley and West 
Waterloo street containing two acres, purchased by 
Daniel Bergstresser from John Kramer, has never been 
laid out into lots. 

John Graham's map of Franklin county, published 
in 1856, in its plat of Winchester shows a street sixty 
feet wide, named North street, running parallel with 
Waterloo street, its center intersecting High street just 
opposite the alley, between J. S. Stevenson's and J. K. 
Miller's lots. Lots Nos. i and 2 fronted on High street^ 
and Nos. 3 to 19 fronted north on North street. This 
map also shows a street sixty feet wide at the east side 
of town called County Line street. No plat of this ad- 
dition could be found. No alley is shown on this map 
in the rear of the lots on the south side of Columbus 

In 1832, when Esq. James B. Evans came to Win- 
chester buildings had been erected on the following 
lots : A two-story hewed log house on lot No. 2, oc- 
cupied by John Royer, a cooper and basket maker ; Mr. 
Boyer had a family of 17 children, but this was not an 
unusual number for those days ; a two-story hewed log 
house on lot No. 8. J. L. Vance then kept a store 
here; later it was occupied as a dwelling, school- 
room, and when Peter E. Ehemhart came here 
he occupied it as a residence, and set up his 


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coverlit weaving loom in one of the rooms. In about 
i860 John M. Schoch removed it to lot No. 6, and 
some years later he removed it to lot No. 9, where it 
was used as a pig-pen until the summer of 1896, when 
it was torn down. The old logs are now doing service 
as ground-logs at the lumber yard. 

Another hewed log house then stood on lot No. 22, 
and was occupied for many years by Nancy and Sally 
Hathaway; the latter was an invalid for 30 or 35 

There was a hewed log house on lot No. 13 (Dr. 
Blake's comer) ; also a log house on lot No. 17, at 
the south end of High street ; a blacksmith shop was 
also located here, and a road led round to Epply's 
spring (now Mrs. Hunsicker^s). A two-story log 
house on the town lot. This was then occupied as a 
store by Carty & Julian, later by Daniel Lecrone as 
a shoe shop, then for several years as a residence by 
Jacob Zarbaugh, who had a blacksmith shop just north 
of this house, but on the same lot. The old town pump 
just in front of this house "served its day and genera- 
tion.*' In 1870 Austin Decker took the house on the 
town lot down and removed it to lot No. 4 on Oak 
street, where it is now occupied by Henry Lechliter as 
a residence. A one and a half story log house stood 
on lot No. 16, then occupied by James McKelvey's fa- 
ther. Dr. J. W. Shock tore it down in the summer of 
1900; a two-story house then stood on lot No. 6, Co- 
lumbus street, and was occupied by Widow Todd ; a 
log house on the southwest corner of High and West 
streets; another, the Coleman homestead, then stood 
just south of the present residence of Mrs. Margaret 
Seymour ; a one-story log house stood next to the ca- 
nal, on lot No. 7 ; Fred Walters kept a saddler and bake 


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shop and a grocery here. A log house stood on the 
site of Cayman's store ; it was then used as a boarding 
house by J. L. Vance, who was the contractor for this 
section of the canal; it consisted of two rooms; the 
front was one and one-half stories high and was con- 
nected by a passageway some eight or ten feet wide, 
across which the roof from the one-story room in the 
rear extended. There were only two frame buildings 
in town then. The first one was erected by Peter 
Bennadum on lot No. 20, now occupied by the resi- 
dence of O. P. Chaney. Mr. Bennadum kept a tavern 
and had sixteen boarders. In 1832 Paul Samsel had* 
built another frame house in which he lived and kept 
a tailor shop. It was located on lot No. 34, and stood 
out to the street on a wall some six or seven feet high. 
It has been remodeled, and is now the residence of 
Mrs. Sarber. These buildings stood out to the street, 
as was the custom for many years after. A few years 
later a part log and part frame was built on the site of 
Samuel Bartlitt's store building; Samuel Taylor kept 

a tavern in one part and his son-in-law, Mr. 

Sheldon, a grocery in the other part; the frame part 
still stands in the rear of the same lot, and was Cow* 
en's cooper shop. In 1833 ^^ ^834 a part log and 'part 
frame warehouse — as buildings for the storage of 
grain were then called — was built on the north side 
of the Basin by Joseph Wright, and in 1836 he moved 
to town and built the frame house that stood on the 
site of Peter Weber's brick house. Mr. Wright owned 
and had lived on the farm now owned by Isaac Leh- 
man. In 1837 Almanzar Hathaway and James Clen- 
dening built the frame warehouse on the east side of 
the Basin. They erected a tramway from Waterloo 
street to the top of this warehouse. The com was 


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then drawn up in a small car with a rope which was 
wound around a big drum, by horse power. In 1847 
or 1848 the Wright warehouse was removed (part of 
it is the frame of P. M. Teegarden's stable), and 
Samuel Bartlit built the large frame building which 
stood on the north side of the Basin. In 1834 or 1835 
Carty & Rodgers built a frame warehouse on the west 
side of High street and north of the canal. In 1843 
this building, known as the red warehouse, was moved 
further west and the large frame warehouse, that is 
now being torn down, was put up. Michael Ebright 
did the carpenter work. About 1840 Eichelberger and 
Loucks built a warehouse on the south side of the ca- 
nal, on Liberty street; this building was afterwards 
converted into a tannery by James H. Sommerville, and 
was torn down a few years since. The yellow ware- 
house was built in 1842 by Heil Brockway ; Johnson 
and Mathews did the carpenter work ; later he sold to 
Samuel Bartlitt. David Dixon (an uncle of Wm. and 
John Fry), built a frame store room on the site of the 
Commercial Hotel in 1832 or 1833. John F. and 
Samuel Bartlitt afterwards occupied it. Moses Levy 
also kept a store here. When the hotel was erected in 
i860 this building, known as the red store, was moved 
to where Schoch's barn now stands, and was used for 
a stable. In 1837 Fred Slough, father of the late 
Judge Tallman Slough, of Lancaster, Ohio, a cabinet- 
maker by trade, built a two-story frame house on the 
south end of lot 7, now owned by Ellen Alspach, and 
later sold it to Fred Walters, who removed it to the 
north end of the adjoining lot on the west. Peter 
Krag purchased it and built a large addition to it, in- 
cluding a ball room, and kept a tavern; in 1852 Mr. 
Krag sold it to John M. Schoch, who continued it un- 


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der the name of Commercial Hotel, until i860, when 
David Sarber, John Kissel and others successively oc- 
cupied it. After changing owners several times, John 
Helpman purchased it and rented it ; at one time 8 
diflFerent families occupied it, from which it got the 
name **Poor House" ; it was purchased by Geo. F. Ba- 
reis in 1876, occupied as a residence for 10 years and 
torn down in 1898. 

In 1852 Peter Krag built the Commercial Hotel, 
and in i860 sold it to John M. Schoch. The Hawk 
stage coach line established a station here from i860 
to 1869; while horses were changed each passenger's 
"way-bill" was examined and registered. Then, being 
located half way between Lancaster and Columbus, 
made it a stopping place for all the travel between 
these points. 

The Merchants' Hotel was built in 1871 by Isaac 
Ebright, who kept it some three years when he sold to 
Jonathan Boyer. Aaron Fenstermaker leased it of Mr. 
Boyer and kept it until April, 1877, when Louis W. 
Boyer purchased and operated it until in 1884. Al. C. 
Conn then bought it at assignee's sale, and in the 
spring of 1896 sold it to Noah Cherry, who still oper- 
ates it. 

In 1879 Ferd Leonard opened a hotel at the north- 
east corner of High and Mound streets under the name 
of "Leonard House," but soon discontinued it. In the . 
fall of 1 891 Mrs. C. W. Bostwick rented this same 
building and kept a boarding house until the fall of 
1896, when she moved to Columbus. 

A. C. Conn built the "Conn House'* in 1884, and 
operated it as a hotel until he purchased the Merchants* 
Hotel ; this building was destroyed by fire on Decem- 
ber I, 1896. 


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About 1845 Wm. Harbaugh built an oil mill on 
lot No. 76, Liberty street; he operated it for a few 
jtears when he sold to Frederick Yockey (or Eauca) 
and in about 1850 it was abandoned. The mill stones 
were peculiarly arranged ; the lower stone lay flat, and 
the upper one was on edge, with a pole through its 
•center; a horse was hitched to one end of this pole 
and in his walk around in a circle revolved the top 
stone which mashed the flax-seed. These stone were 
afterwards cut into halves and used as door steps at 
the McFadden residence, on the comer of West and 
Washington streets, where Mr. Yockey then lived. 

In 1837 Reuben Dove built the west end of the 
Dauterman building at the southeast corner of High 
and Columbus streets, and a few years later Dt. 
Stephen Potter built the east end. When Mr. Dove 
tuilt he followed the acute angle of the street — being 
the first building to follow the oblique angles. Some 
of the citizens in a jocular way suggested that he se- 
"cure the services of Rev. George Hathaway, who was 
also a blacksmith, to make a handle for the building 
when it could be used as a flat iron. 

In 1850, after Dr. J. B. Potter was elected and ap- 
pointed postmaster he kept the post and telegraph ofiice 
here. This building has been occupied by James B. 
Evans, tailor shop, and by E. D. Orwig, Hart & Arm- 
preister, Geo. E. Becker, John Chaney, Jr., Jacob Dau- 
terman and others as a grocery store. Jacob Dauter- 
man also kept a barber shop in this building for many 
years. In about 1840 John Fry did the carpenter 
work on the Carty residence on the southwest corner 
of High and Waterloo streets; it was occupied by 
Jacob Carty as a residence until 1874 when he built 
the brick residence now occupied by R. J. Tussing. 


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After this it was tenanted by different persons, among- 
them Dr. F; L. Gilbert, dentist ; W. R. Miller, hard- 
ware; M. Winder, bakery; Edward Winders, grocery 
and restaurant, and others. After C. Kuqua purchased 
it he erected a one-story building directly on the corner 
of the streets in which to display buggies; later this 
room was occupied successively by Oliver L. Bott, Wil- 
lis Houser and Jacob Kumler with a drug store. In 
1884 Solomon S. Lehman purchased it and sold the 
buildings to make room for the business block which 
was erected that year. One part of the Carty house 
was removed to lot No. 20, just west of John Help- 
man's lumber yard office, where it was consumed by 
fire the next night after it was rolled onto the lot. The 
other part of the old house was removed to lot No. 
17, Trine street, by Wm. Cater, where it still stands. 
One of the shop buildings which stood on the Carty 
lot, facing high street, was removed to East Waterloo, 
street, and was occupied by John A. Wilson with a 
restaurant, and is familiarly known as the "Great 
Eastern.'' L. L. Poor removed the remaining shopv 
building to West Waterloo street, just outside the cor- 
poration line, where during the time local option pre- 
vailed in Winchester it became well known as the "Blue 
Goose." It now forms part of Charles Hoffman's 

John F. and Samuel Bartlit came to Winchester in 
1839, and conducted a store in a frame building that 
stood on the site of Cayman's store. After a few years 
they moved to the south side of the canal and occu- 
pied the "red" store building. They only remained 
here a short time, when they removed to their former 
location. In 1844 Jc>hn F. sold his interest and went 
to Waterloo and later to Columbus (John F. Bartlit 


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built the Reformed Parsonage ; it was plastered on the 
outside, as were also Mrs. McFadden's, Mrs. McKel- 
vey's and Wm. Schrock*s ; the latter stood on the site 
of the present Reformed church). In 1847 ^^ 1848 
Samuel Bartlit built the warehouse mentioned on an- 
other page, and about this time Wm. Fry secured an 
interest in the business, and this poetic sign was 
painted on the west end of the warehouse : 

"Bartlitt and Fry, 

Cash for 
Wheat, Corn and Rye." 

This sign, although painted over by the sign of 
Tallman, Stevenson & Co., could still be dimly seen 
when the building was destroyed by fire. In 1851 
Samuel Bartlit erected the brick store room (Gay- 
man's) ; Jacob Dellinger did the brick work and John 
Fry the carpenter work. This firm continued until 
1854, when Mr. Fry died in Cleveland, on his way 
home from New York, where he had gone to buy goods. 
Samuel Bartlit and his nephew, Samuel Pond, con- 
tinued the business until September, 1856, when Mn 
Pond bought the dry goods department and Mr. Bart- 
lit continued the grain department. In the fall of 1857 
Mr. Pond died and David and Christian Cayman 
bought the stock and continued the business until 1891, 
when David retired and the firm name became C. Gay- 
man & Son. In 1877 ^hc store room was remodeled 
and in 1880 an addition added, and in 1899 the roof 
of the old part of the building was changed to corre- 
spond with the new part. After Mr. Pond's death Mr. 
Bartlit sold the grain business to (Nathaniel) Tallman, 
(Wm. L.) Stevenson and (Hinton Tallman) Co., 
agreeing not to go into the grain business for four 


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years. At the expiration of this term in 1861 he again 
went into business on the south side of the canal, oc- 
<:upying the yellow warehouse and the adjoining store 
room; he associated John Gehm and L. C. Bartlit (a 
nephew) with himself, each to receive one-third the 
profits. In 1864 they dissolved partnership, John 
Gehm retiring from the firm and L. C. Bartlit contin- 
uing the general store department, which he sold to 
Aaron Fenstermaker about 1870. In 1865 Chas. W. 
Speaks became a partner in the grain business, and the 
firm continued under the title of Bartlit & Speaks until 
1879, when Mr. Bartlit retired. 

John Helpman and Henry W. Shaffer built the old 
planing mill in the spring of 1857. The familiar tones 
of the bell in the old "factory" belfry was the time regu- 
lation for many years. Another familiar bell was the 
one on the Commercial Hotel, and which was for many 
years rung at meal time. 

The first bridge across the canal in Winchester was 
built on wooden abutments with trestle approaches, and 
was located on High street, and about the same time 
another one of similar construction was built at the 
east line of town, but being little used was never re- 
built. In about 1840 stone abutments with earth ap- 
proaches were constructed, and a covered bridge with 
double driveways was erected ; this bridge stood until 
the winter of 1869-1870, when, during a certain night it 
fell into the canal. In the spring of 1870 the iron 
structure that now spans the canal at East street, 
Groveport, was erected at High street, in Winchester, 
and served until 1883, when the present turn bridge 
was built. The surplus stone and earth in the High 
street abutments were used in the construction of the 
Washington street bridge, which was completed in the 


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fall of 1883. The first team crossed the High street 
turn bridge on February i, 1884. The old mile stone 
"210" (miles from Cleveland) stood directly under the 
High street bridge, and when the stone abutments were 
built it formed part of the wall and later was built into 
the present abutments. 

When the postoifice was established at Waterloo in 
1839 — with Abner Clough postmaster — an effort was 
made to have it located at Winchester; when this ef- 
fort failed the citizens arranged to have their mail sent 
to Lithopolis. In 1841, when the postoffice was finally 
removed from Waterloo and established at Winchester, 
considerable ill-feeling existed, due to the rivalry be- 
tween the towns. Mr. Evans relates that when he 
was returning from Waterloo with his commission as 
postmaster the women and children came out and 
hissed at him as he went along the street. A contro- 
versy arose about the postoffice sign, when Esq. John 
Donaldson secured it and brought it to Winchester, 
saying: "Since you have the postoffice you shall also 
have the sign.'' At a meeting of the citizens to select 
a name for the office — since there were then five other 
Winchesters in Ohio — Carlisle and Pekin were among 
the names proposed; no definite conclusion was 
reached, when the postoffice department added the pre- 
fix '*Canal." The same office case that Mr. Evans had 
made was in constant use for some fifty years, when 
during the administration of Mr. Bailey the present 
case was purchased. 

The successive postmasters have been: James B. 
Evans, 1841-1850, when Mr. Evans resigned and moved 
to Circleville. Mr. Evans kept the office in a two-story 
house that stood on lot No. 13, Waterloo street. This 
building was destroyed by fire on January 21, 1891 ; 


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Dr. Joseph B. Potter, 1850-1853; the citizens chose 
Dr. Potter at a special election ; he kept the office in 
the Dauterman building corner High and Columbus 
streets; Peter Krag, 1853-1857, office in the Commer- 
cial Hotel; David Cayman, 1857-1870, office in Gay- 
man's store; Josiah K. Miller, June i, 1870, November 
16, 1885, office in Bergstresser building, until Mr. Mil- 
ler's business block was completed in 1880, when the 
office was kept there ; Robt. W. Bolenbaugh and John- 
nie (Burnie) Southward were clerks; James B. Evans, 
November 16, 1885 — May 17, 1889, the present quar- 
ters were built in November, 1885, ^"^ occupied first 
by Mr. Evans. The clerks were Nan Evans and Lil 
Alstadt; Rev. J. W. Sleeper, May 17, 1889, to March 
2, 1890, when Mr. Sleeper died; Lil Alstadt and Abe 
Good were clerks. After Mr. Sleeper's death his 
bondsmen selected Abe Good to serve as postmaster 
until a regular appointment would be made. S. E. 
Bailey, April i, 1890 — June 3, 1893 ; Horace and Ger- 
trude Bailey were clerks. In May, 1890, Mr. Bailey 
purchased the present office case, the old one having 
been used continuously since the establishment of the 
office. James Palsgrove, June 3, 1893 — July i, 1897 J 
Zack E. England and John Palsgrove, clerks; Henry 
H. Dibble, the present incumbent, has served since 
July I, 1897; Mary Dibble is clerk. 

In order to test the Morse system of telegraphy a 
line was erected between Baltimore and Washington, 
and on May 27, 1844, the first message was success- 
fully transmitted. Five years later, in 1849, ^ tele- 
graph line, connecting Columbus and Lancaster, and 
later farther down the Hocking valley, was established. 
James B. Evans went to Zanesville to learn and became 
the first operator in Winchester. Capt. Philip Game, 


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who then lived with Mr. Evans, also learned to operate. 
The messages were then received on a ribbon of pa- 
per. In 1850 when Dr. Potter conducted the office, 
Edward Potter became the operator, and received by 
sound. When the line was extended farther down the 
Hocking valley Edward Potter went to Logan and 
Peter Krag became the operator. Messages of lo 
words cost 25c and of 5 words half that price. 

Winchester has always been a good grain market, 
and drew trade from many miles. Before the intro- 
duction of the modem unloading devices, the corn had 
to be shoveled off by hand and the wheat elevated by 
horse power. This slow process often congested the 
movement of grain until almost every street in town 
was filled with teams waiting their turn. By the time 
navigation opened up in the spring the large cribs and 
bins would be filled and loading boats would be the 
"''order of the day," employing many men, carrying ear 
com onto the boats in one-bushel baskets. What corn 
was shelled was run through a "pot-lid" sheller and fed 
in by hand one ear at a time. 

Although the territory from which grain is hauled 
to this market has become greatly reduced by the build- 
ing of the Norfolk & Westem and the Ohio Central 
Railways, still the fact remains that now farms on 
which then only three to five hundred bushels were 
grown, now yield as many thousand bushels. The fol- 
lowing item which appeared in the "Winchester 
Times" of April 18, 1877, incidentally illustrates the 
multiplied ability to handle grain over the old meth- 
ods: "Our grain dealers shelled eighty car loads of 
corn last week, and O. P. Chaney shipped 52 cars, Bart- 
lit & Speaks 32 cars and Whitehurst, Lehman & Carty 
25 cars — a total of 109 cars shipped out in one week." 


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Philip Game was the first business man in Win- 
chester to advocate and inaugurate a store for separate 
Hnes of goods, when in 1868 he in company with Chas^ 
P. Rees, under the firm name of Rees.& Game, put a 
stock of hardware and stoves in the room then just 
completed by Mr. Rees. They continued until 1871,. 
when Mr. Game sold his interest to John Chaney, Jr., 
and the firm name became Rees & Chaney. 

Philip Game and his brother John Gehm then con- 
cluded to build the opera house block, when Philip 
formed a partnership with his brother, Wm. M. Game, 
and arranged to occupy the south room with a stock 
of family groceries, under the firm name of Game 
Brothers. They continued until 1878, when Philip sold 
.his interest to his brother John, and the firm name was 
changed to John Gehm & Brother. 

In March, 1880, Philip Game concluded to put a 
stock of boots and shoes in the room formerly occu- 
pied and built by J. W. Hische, being the north roon> 
in the opera house block. Mr. Game conducted this, 
store until January 22, 1885, when he sold to Adam 

It was prophezied of each of these ventures that 
they would fail; the general opinion then prevailing 
that only a general store could succeed, but the uniform 
success attained showed the soundness of his judg- 

The Winchester Times. 

Horace Mann said : "There are no tools more in- 
geniously, wrought, or more potent than those which 
belong to the art of the printer.*' The local newspa- 
per, which prepares in readable form the neighborhood 
, happenings, eliminating everything that tends to lower 
and debase, and which publishes from week to week 


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O 1-|H 

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S. 5C 

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notices of births, marriages, anniversaries, deaths, and 
which makes note of the various religious, educational, 
political and social events of the vicinity, is an influen- 
tial factor in all that contributes to lift up a community 
to a high standard of American citizenship. 

The tone of the Times has been in the main one of 
dignity and impartiality, avoiding sensationalism and 
other characteristics of "yellow journalism." Since its 
establishment the consecutive issues at once make up a 
history of Madison and adjoining townships. 

The Canul Winehester Times was established by 
Major J. W. Stinchcomb, and the first issue appeared 
under date of March i6, 1871. 

In 1874 Charles M. Gould, of Logan, Ohio, pur- 
chased the plant, which was then located in the second 
story of the building now occupied by Charles Painter, 
and continued the publication of the paper as a Demo-^ 
cratic organ until November 9, 1876, when Rev. James 
Heffly and Oliver L. Bott became propietors, and con- 
ducted The Times as an independent paper in the 
Bergstresser building. On April 12, 1875, while the 
paper was under the management of Mr. Gould, Ben). 
F. Gayman became an apprentice in the office. 

The firm of Heffley & Bott continued but a short 

time, when the latter retired. In the autumn of 1877 

Oliver P. Gayman entered the office as an apprentice. 

Mr. Heffley remained the sole owner until May i, 1879, 

when B. F. Gayman, shortly after reaching his ma- 

^jority, purchased a half interest. The firm of Heffley 

& Gayman continued until September 8, 1881, when the 

latter purchased Mr. Heffley's interest, and continued 

the sole proprietor for five years. September 2, 1886, 

his brother, O. P. Gayman, purchased a half interest, 

and thev still continue in joint partnership. On Jan- 
12 'h m t 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


uary ii, 1901, they also purchased The Buckeye News 
of Lithopolis, Ohio, and both papers are now issued 
from The Times office. 

The Canal Winchester Bank was opened for busi- 
ness on February 23, 1887, in a building erected espe- 
cially for it. The stockholders were Gilbert Shaffer, 
President; Stanton T. Needels, Cashier; B. D. Gehm 
and Wm. F. Zigler. On March 22, 1888, Mr. Shaffer 
retired and Mr. Needels became President and C. V. 
Moore Cashier. The present owners are Wm. M. 
Game, President; C. V. Moore, Cashier, and Ervin 
Moore, with E. C. Chaney as bookkeeper. Previous to 
the starting of this bank the grain dealers did the 
banking business, often holding large amounts on de- 
posit, and frequently advancing considerable sums on 
grain or growing crops, all usually without interest. 

In February, 1887, Sol. S. Lehman and others agi- 
tated the idea of drilling for gas. A preliminary 
meeting was called and a committee appointed to so- 
licit subscriptions. This committee secured subscrip- 
tions for two hundred shares of $25.00 each, aggre- 
gating $5,000.00, within four days. O. P. Chaney, 
M. C. Whitehurst, Dr. J. B. Potter, Sol. S. Lehman, 
B. D. Gehm, S. T. Needels and Jacob Bott, being the 
seven persons subscribing the largest amounts, were 
authorized to incorporate under the name "Canal Win- 
chester Natural Gas and Oil Company." A committee 
consisting of O. P. Chaney, Ervin Moore and Prof. W. 
H. Hartsaugh, was sent to Findlay, Lima and Bowling 
Green to make investigations. M. C. Whitehurst, Er- 
vin Moore, George Powell, O. P. Chaney, Sol. S. Leh- 
man, Prof. W. H. Hartsaugh and Philip Game were 
elected Directors. Philip Game was elected President, 
W. H. Hartsough Secretary and C. D. Whitehurst 


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Treasurer. Some $4,000.00 was expended in sinking 
a well on West Waterloo street, to a depth of about ( ?) 
2,500 feet. 

On the morning of July 4, 1887, some boys touched 
a lighted match to the pipe, when a flame some ten or 
twelve feet high shot up. Although the drillers had 
intended to observe the "fourth," it is said "they at 
once began to drill again," thus arousing a general 
suspicion that for some reason they were not anxious 
to find gas. 

As no record was kept nor made of the quantity, 
quality or depth at which gas was found, the question 
of the amount of gas that might be found here is still 
an open one. 

In the sprirtg of 1900 the Federal Gas and Fuel Co. 
of Columbus, under the local name of the Consumers' 
Gas Company of Canal Winchester, laid a 6-inch main 
down High street, with laterals of smaller sizes through 
all parts of the village, and on April 6 the natural gas 
was turned on. A. S. Lehman's drug store was the 
first room lighted, and later in the same evening C. 
Gayman & Son's store. 

The telephone line from Columbus via Grovepon 
and Winchester was put up in the summer of 1882. 
About the first of November, 1881, Geo. H. Twiss, of 
Columbus, canvassed the towns of Groveport and Win- 
chester in the interest of a Columbus Telephone Com- 
pany. A meeting of those interested was held at Cow- 
an's office. The conditions of the telephone company 
were stated to be as follows : "In order to secure the 
construction of a line to Columbus it is necessary to 
sell six thousand tickets in advance, each ticket to cost 
fifteen cents, which will entitle the holder to a five- 
minute talk over the line, the sale of the tickets to be 


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divided between Groveport and Winchester. About 4 
o'clock p. m. on July 6, 1882, the connections were 
made to Columbus, and the citizens invited to a free 
use of the line. Within a day or two the branch line 
to Lithopolis was connected with the main line, Lith- 
opolis purchasing two hundred and fifty dollars worth 
of tickets. The Winchester Times of July 13, 1882, 
recounts some amusing incidents that took place on 
the afternoon when the line was connected up. "One 
of our oldest citizens, who is considerably deaf, wa& 
curious to know whether he could hear through the 
telephone. Mr. Ross (the Superintendent from Co- 
lumbus), asked him who he wanted to speak to. The 
citizen not being particular on that point, Mr. Ross 
called up the central office and informed the lady at- 
tendant that a gentleman in Canal Winchester wanted 
to talk to her. The citizen took hold of the telephone 
and for some moments said not a word. In the mean- 
time the patient lady at the other end of the line con- 
tinued to call out : *Hello! What is it? Well?' and 
other interrogations of similar import. The citizen 
after satisfying himself that his deafness did not pre- 
vent him from hearing through the telephone, turned 
a countenance, Itghted by a benign smile on the crowd 
and said: 'She just keeps on hollering 'hello.**' 
Other of our citizens, supposing that ordinary conver- 
sation could not be carried on between Winchester and 
Columbus, yelled at the top of their voices. Others 
would hold the receiver to their ears, and when the first 
message came over the line would dodge like amateur 
base ballists." 

At first the office was located in Heffley's drug store, 
in the Bergstresser building, but it now is in Lehman's 
drug store. 


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The Franklin Telephone Co. established the tele- 
phone exchange in Winchester on February 8, 1901, 
and extended it to Reynoldsburg, Brice, Groveport and 
Lithopolis in the fall of the same year, connecting the 
above towns with the Winchester exchange. The price 
of the service, including the above mentioned towns, 
is: for office $24.00, and for residences $12.00 per 
year. A "flat rate" to Columbus, giving the free use 
of the Columbus exchange, is furnished for $12.00 per 
year extra. There are one hundred and twelve sub- 
scribers in the Winchester exchange, and thirty-two 
in the Groveport exchange. 

The following extracts are taken from the records 
of the proceedings of the Franklin County Commis- 
sioners: "January 19, 1866, a petition from John 
Helpman and others, accompanied by a plat, was re- 
ceived, and March 13 set for its hearing." Under date 
of March 13, 1866, "This day being set for the hearing 
of the petition for the incorporation of Canal Win- 
chester in Madison township. After the examination 
of the proceedings, it was found that the petitioners 
had failed to notify according to law, and the pro- 
ceedings in said matter were all annulled, consequently 
a new petition was presented, and was placed on file, 
and Thursday, May 24, 1866, set for the first hear- 
ing." Then under date of May 24, "First hearing, 
continued until May 31," and under date of May 31, 
1866, "After examining the petition and plat and hear- 
ing the evidence of John Helpman that due notice had 
been given, the Commissioners being satisfied that the 
proceedings were all in accordance to law, it is hereby 
ordered that the incorporation be granted ; same to be 
indorsed on the petition and passed over to the County 


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The first election was held in the fall of 1866, when 
the following officers were elected : James B. Evans, 
Mayor ; Charles W. Speaks, Recorder ; Christian Gay- 
man, Treasurer, and John Chaney, Reuben Trine, John 
Helpman, Elisha B. Decker and Martin C. Whitehurst, 

On April 8, 1867, Christian Cayman was elected 
a Councilman, and John Gehm was elected Treasurer. 
The records of the first six years have been lost or de- 
stroyed, hence the names of the Councilmen can be 
given only since 1873. It was during these years that 
the streets were graded and most of the sidewalks and 
gutters put down and the sewers constructed. The 
following have been the cheers : 

Mayors: James B. Evans, 1866-1868, 1871-1873, 
1876-1885 ; John Helpman, 1896; Joshua S. Stevenson, 
1870; Charles B. Cowan, 1874-1875; B. F. Cayman, 
1886-1890, resigned July 7, 1890, being temporarily lo- 
cated at Owensboro, Ky., and Wm. H. Lane appointed. 
In April, 1891, Mr. Cayman was again elected, and on 
October 19, 1891, resigned, having been elected a mem- 
ber of the Ohio House of Representatives, and W. S. 
Alspach appointed, 1891 — until December 9, 1897, 
when he died and Oliver P. Cayman was appointed and 
elected, 1898-1901. 

Clerks: Chas. W. Speaks, 1866; M. C. White- 
hurst, 1867; A. Starr, 1868; James B. Evans, 1869* 
1870, 1874; Chas. B. Cowan, 1871-1873; Joe Edw. 
Evans, 1875, resigned September 7, 1875, and Charles 
Epply appointed ; Chas. Epply, 1876, resigned August 
17, 1876, and J. E. Evans appointed, and on March 30, 
1877, T. F. Ungemach was appointed in place of Mr. 
Evans, deceased; T. F. Ungemach, 1877-1879; Henry 
H. Dibble, 1880-1892; Wm. D. Beeks, 1893-1901. 


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Treasurers: Christian Gayman, 1866; John 
Gehm, 1867- ^^ September 30, 1885, when he died and 
Philip Game was appointed; Philip Game, 1886-1891 ; 
C. V. Moore, 1892-1897; Edw. C Chaney, 1898-1901. 

Marshals: John Kile, 1867; James McKelvey, 
1868-1870; Lee Kramer, 1871-1872; Adam Shaner, 
1873-1875; J. W. Bowen, 1876-1877; Henry S. Bink- 
ly, 1878-1881, 1888-1891, resigned July 6, 1891, and 
Wm. Schrock appointed; Wm. Schrock, 1882-1885; 
Samuel Anderson, 1886-1887; Andy Burnsides, 1892, 
resigned July 27, 1892; Jesse Shaffer, 1893; Edw. V. 
Busch, 1894, resigned November 4, 1895, ^tnd Samuel 
Travis appointed; Geo. C. Ford, 1896, resigned June 
13, 1896, and Wm. Pearsol appointed; Wm. Pear- 
sol, 1897; John Zwayer, 1898-1901. 

Councilmen: John Chaney, Sr., 1873-1874; Rev. 
James Heffly, 1873, 1877-1882; A. Hathaway, 1873; 
John H. Speilman, 1873, resigned September 29, 1874, 
and M. C. Whitehurst appointed ; James H. Sommer- 
ville, 1873, 1874, resigned January 4, 1875, and J. B. 
Evans appointed; John Deitz, 1873, 1874; Chas. F. 
Yost, 1874, 1875; James P. Kramer, 1874, 1875, 1882; 
M. C. Whitehurst, 1875-1878; Wm. P. Miller, 1875, 
C. Kuqua, 1875-1876, resigned June 2, 1876, and John 
Chaney appointed; T. F. Ungemach, 1875-1876, re- 
signed March 30, 1877; John F. Bauer, 1876, resigned 
July 21, 1876, and John R. Clement appointed; Mi. 
Clement declined to serve, when Rev. James Heffly was 
jyjpointed; H. H. Dibble, 1876-1879; Noah H. Hum- 
mel, 1876-1877; I. L. Decker, 1877-1884; Wm. T. 
Conklin, 1878-1879; John W. Griffith, 1878-1879; 
Wm. M. Game, 1879-1880, 1897-1898; Samuel Travis, 
1883-1884; Sol. S. Lehman, 1883-1884; B. F. Gay- 
man, 1884-1885; J. E. Billingsly, 1884-1885; Rev. A. 


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C. Kelley, 1884-1885; W. Scott Alspach, 1885-1886, 
1889-1890; S. E. Bailey, 1885; Edw. C. Chaney, 1885- 
1886; John A. Whitzel, 1886-1887; Gary D. White- 
hurst, 1886-1891; Church B. Tuttle, 1886-1889; Joe 
S. Ashe, 1887-1888; Dr. J. W. Shook, 1887-1888; 
Wm. L. Wahers, 1887-1888, 1892-1897; Wm. H. 
Harpst, 1888-1889; Ervin Moore, 1889-1896; Peter 
S. Long, 1889-1893, resigned March 5, 1894; B. D. 
Gehm, i890-i8()i, 1896, resigned June i, 1897; E. C. 
Chaney, 1890, to July 3, 1893, when he resigned; Geo. 
W. Sponslef, 1891-1900; C. Gayman, 1892, March 23, 

1896, when he died; Lee Kramer, 1894-1896; Henry 
Rush, 1894-1895; Joe C. Shaffer, 1896-1897; Dr. G. 
F. Owen, 1897-1898; David Boyer, appointed July 5, 

1897, May, 1900; J. A. Mathias, 1898-1899, appointed 
in place of David Boyer on May 14, 1900; Phil Weber. 
1898-1901; Jacob E. Zarbaugh, 1898, died May 28, 
1899; Levi Teegardin, appointed June 11, 1898; Wm. 
E. Sims, 1900-1902; Geo. W. Smith, 1899-1900; 
Stephen Boyd, appointed June 5, 1899-1900; Samuel 
Saylor, 1901 ; Arth Chaney, 1901 ; Geo. F. Bareis, 
1901 ; Lewis Sarber, appointed July 2, 1902, in place 
of Wm. E. Sims, who moved away. 

City Solicitor: Wm. H. Lane, 1887-1888, 1890- 
1898; Charles Pickering, 1889. 

Board of Health : The Board of Health was es- 
tablished in 1888. The following have been the mem- 
bers ; the date indicates time of appointment : 

Rev. James Heffly, 1888; Dr. J. W. Shook, i88§ 
Dr. A. A. Short, 1888; Geo. F. Bareis, 1888-1890 
Philip Game, 1888-1890; H. H. Dibble, 1890-1896 
Al. Lane, 1890; Dr. L. W. Beery, 1891-1893; Lee 
Kramer, 1892; David Boyer, 1892-1895; C. D. White- 
hurst, 1892-1894; Sol. S. Lehman, 1892; R. C. Cas- 


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low, 1892-1893; J. K. Miller, 1893; Ezra H. Tobias, 
1893-1895; D. H. Cowen, 1893-1896; Adam Webei, 
1 894- 1 896; S. E. Bailey, 1895- 1896; J. E. Hedges, 
1895, resigned March 7, 1897 ; Chas. W. Miller, 1896- 
1899, resigned October 2, 1899, and Frank Glat fetter 
appointed 1899-1901 ; Wesley Davis, 1896-1901, re- 
signed December, 1901, and Don Young appointed; 
Milt Armpreister, 1897-1899, resigned October, 1899, 
and G. M. Herbst appointed 1899-1901 ; Sam Saylor, 
1897-1899; Wiley Brown, 1898-1901 ; Wm. M. Cod- 
Tier, 1898, resigned May i, 1899, and on June 15, Wm. 
Pearsol appointed; George Rush, 1901, moved from 
village and Dr. E. L. Carlton appointed. The clerks 
liave been: Geo. F. Bareis, November 12, 1888, to 
September 9, 1892; Henry H. Dibble, September, 
1892, to October 17, 1898; J. M. Armpreister, Octo- 
T)er, 1898, to October 16, 1899 ; G. M. Herbst, October, 
1899, to present time. The health officers have been : 
Dr. J. W. Shook, November 12, 1888, to February, 
1891 ; Dr. L. W. Beery, February, 1891, to September, 
1895. Since September 16, 1895, Dr. W. S. Gayman 
lias served. 

The village marshals have always been appointed to 
•serve as sanitary police officers. 

Street Commissioners: John Schrock, 1873; Lee 
Kramer, on south side, 1874; John Kissel, on north 
side, 1874; Mr. Kramer declined to serve then John 
R. Wright appointed ; Mr. Wright resigned, then John 
Kams was appointed ; as it was found that Mr. Karns 
lived outside the corpoation, George Powell was ap- 
pointed; John R. Wright, 1875-1876; Joshua Shaner, 
1877, resigned and H. S. Binkly appointed; Adam 
Shaner, 1879; Isaac Wright, 1880; John Colman, 
1881 ; Joshua Shaner, 1882- 1883, moved away and 


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Wm. R. Miller appointed; Jonathan Vought, 1884- 
1885; Samuel S. Anderson, 1886-1887; Wm. Boyd, 
1888-1889, resigned January 6, 1890, and John Mc- 
Farland appointed; Mr. Boyd served again, 1892- 
1894; Edw. V. Bush, 1895, resigned and John Mc- 
Farland appointed; Mr. McFarland resigned Decem- 
ber 24, 1895, and Wesley Davis appointed. The office 
of Street Commissioner has been abolished. 

September 28, 1875, the Town Hall building was 
purchased from L. C. Bartlit and the addition was 
added in 1877. 

Jennie Sommerville served as Librarian in 1880, 
1 88 1, 1882, and perhaps on up to 1889, when Mina 
Kissel was appointed. The latter served until No- 
vember, 1895, when she resigned. Lydia Alspach was 
appointed January 6, 1896, and resigned June 6, 1898, 
since which date Grace Colman has occupied the po- 

The iron prison cages were purchased in the spring 
of 1890. 

The engine house was moved to the front of the 
town lot in August, 1898. 

Fires: The first building in Winchester that was 
consumed by fire was a frame house that stood just 
east of Mrs. Poor's residence on Waterloo street, and 
belonged to Nathaniel Tallman. It burned on a Sun- 
day morning in 1838 or 1839, and was occupied by a 
family named Birely. Perhaps the next fire was that 
of the Hott residence — which stood on the lot now 
occupied by Mrs. W. S. Alspach — in about 1852 or 
1853. One of the rooms was filled with corn at the 
time, thus causing quite a hot fire. Dr. Geo. W. 
Blake's residence at the northeast corner of High and 
Columbus street burned at about 3 o'clock a. m. in Oc- 


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tober or November, i860. E. B. Decker's saw mill, ad- 
joining the foundry building on the west, burned about 
midnight December 10, 1876. An epidemic of fires 
began with the burning of O. P. Chaney's warehouse 
on June 2, 1878. This fire was discovered about 8:30 
on a Sunday morning, in the cupola on the large build- 
ing running north and south along the east side of the 
basin, and spread very rapidly to the long cribs towards 
the east along the north side of the canal, and also to 
the large building to the west. This latter building 
stood along the north side of the basin and was of 
about the size and general appearance of the White- 
hurst and Carty warehouse. The buildings contained 
many bushels of grain at the time. The water had 
been drawn from the canal, and the com when released 
rolled into the canal bed, where it continued to bum 
for a week or ten days. Help was telegraphed for 
from Columbus, but by the time the special train 
brought a fire engine down the citizens had the fire un- 
der control. For a time it seemed as if the village was 
doomed. Many of the citizens removed their valu- 
ables out of town, fearing its total destruction. Later 
in the same year Mr. Chaney built an elevator near the 
railroad — on the site of the present one — which was 
also consumed by fire on September 29, 1880. The fire 
was first discovered about 5 o'clock a. m. When dis- 
covered it had gained such headway that no attempt 
was made to save it. Mr. Chaney at once began the 
erection of the present building ; the east part of this 
building was formerly the Loucks mill. On Saturday 
evening, September 15, 1883, C. P. Rees' hardware 
store on High street caught fire at lamp lighting time^ 
it is supposed, from the fumes of gasoline used in pol- 
ishing stoves. It was a furious fire, and both stock 


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and building was soon totally consumed. Lee Lodge 
No. 384, L O. O. F., owned and occupied the upper 
Story, and lost all their furnishings and records. On 
the morning of September 29, 1883, three stables along 
the alley, between Liberty and Washington streets, be- 
longing to Mrs. Mary Wilson, Michael Lecrone and 
Henry Herbst, were burned. On October 30, 1883, at 
about I o'clock a. m., a cry of "Fire, fire !" called the 
citizens to the carriage works of C. Kuqua, on West 
Waterloo street. No other buildings were near b>, 
and this one too nearly consumed to be saved. Simon 
Brown had erected this building a few years previous. 

About this time a report was circulated that some 
"tramps'* had felt offended at the treatment received 
by the town officials and had therefore sworn ven- 
geance. Most of the citizens became very uneasy, 
when the village council concluded to purchase a hook 
and ladder truck, which arrived on June 2, 1884. A 
fire company with thirty-five members was organized 
on November 27, 1883, called the 'Winchester Pro'^ 
lectors/' Rev. J. W. Davis was elected captain in rec- 
ognition of the active part he had taken at the C. P. 
Rees fire. This company was kept up, with J. W. 
Young, Wm. G. Ochs and Chas. W. Miller as success- 
ive captains, until the spring of 1888, when on account 
of the council authorizing the marshal to ring the fire 
bell as a signal for the saloons to close they disbanded. 
They held their last meeting on April 26, 1888, when 
they voted the balance of the funds in their treasury to 
the base ball club. The fire bell was put on the Town 
Hall in April, 1885. 

On Tuesday evening, February 19, 1884, the hook 
and ladder truck was used for the first time at the 
burning of "Uncle Johnnie" Kramer's stable on Mound 


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Street. This was the fourth fire within a few months. 
At the April election a proposition to purchase a hand 
fire engine was submitted to the voters ; 99 voted for 
and 53 against, and on June 2, 1884, it arrived. On 
April 14, 1884, at about 10 o'clock in the evening, the 
planing mill on East Waterloo street and the canal was 
discovered on fire. Although the citizens made a 
heroic effort to save it, by the next morning only the 
brick stack and the warped machinery was left to 
mark the remains of the buildings and lumber. On 
the evening of the fire one of the buildings from the 
Carty comer was moved onto the lot adjoining the 
lumber yard office, and was also consumed. It was 
with great difficulty that the buildings on the opposite 
side of the street were saved. John Helpman and 
Henry Shaffer had erected this mill in the spring of 
1857. It had been operated by Mr. Helpman until 
about six months previous to the fire, when George F. 
Bareis had purchased it. The present planing mill 
was built and equipped the same season. 

Early on February 5, 1885, fire was discovered in 
the store room on the northeast corner of High and 
Waterloo streets, occupied by James A. Rillingsly with 
a dry goods store. The fire had gained so much head- 
way before discovered that it soon communicated to the 
drug store of R. C. Caslow adjoining on the north, 
which had, during the proprietorship of Weisman & 
Speilman, been connected by an open archway. Both 
buildings were completely destroyed. 

The storage shed of the Central Ohio Baling Com- 
pany burned on Friday, July 28, 1893. On October 
II, 1894, at about 4 o'clock p. m., the Hocking Valley 
depot was discovered to be on fire, and was totally de- 
stroyed. The present depot was occupied first on De- 


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cember 3 of the same year. The Empire Mills, with 
the adjoining covered bridge and residence, were to- 
tally destroyed by fire on Friday night, August 21, 
1895. David Boyer's stable was entirely consumed by 
fire on April 8, 1898. The records of W. D. Beeks, 
the village clerk, referring to this fire, says : "At this 
juncture the fire alarm sounded, and fire found to be 
on the premises of one of our fellow councilmen — Mr. 
David Boyer. The council chamber was soon empty, 
and business only partially transacted." 

While these fires were misfortunes and much re- 
gretted at the time, the village has gained new and 
modem buildings in the stead of the old ones destroyed. 
The business rooms in Winchester (as well as the side- 
walks) are much above the ordinary for a place of its 
size, and traveling men often remark that "there are 
more plate glass stone fronts here than in most towns 
of the size of Winchester." 

Business Enteiprises in Winchester. 
1830- )d40* 

J. L. Vance, store on lot No. 8 ; David Dixon, store 
lot No. 9 ; Peter Bennedum, tavern, lot No. 20 ; Paul 
Samsel, tailor lot No. 32; Samuel Taylor, tavern, on 
Samuel Bartlit store lot; Stephen Potter, physician; 
J. B. Potter, come in 1838, physician ; Joseph Wright, 
grain, lots Nos. 19 and 20, Waterloo street (A.) Hath- 
away & (James) Clendening, grain, lots Nos. 19 and 
20 ; Carty & Julian, store on town lot ; Carty & Rog- 
ers, store and grain, north side of canal ; Eichelberger 
& Loucks, slaughter house ( Somerville's tannery) ; 
Fred Slough & Co., cabinet shop, on lot No. 7; Ira 
Mason, tavern, town iot; Henry Eichelberger and 
Henry J. Epply, brick yard and brick masons; J. B. 


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Evans, located 1832, tailor; Daniel Lecrone, shoe shop, 
town lot; Wm. Fry, tailor, 1838. 


A Mr. Pratt, of Zanesville, built and operated a 
general store on lot 13; Samuel Dressbach and Chas. 
D. Comer managed it. Peter T. Krag, tavern, lot No. 
8; Bartlit Bros. (Jno. F. and Samuel), general store, 
where Cayman's store; Whitehurst & Carty, store 
and grain; Moses Levy, clothing, lot No. 9; Isaac 
Shoemaker, harness, where J. K. Miller's residence; 
Henry Nicodemus, wagon shop, in Flinchbaugh shop 
{Uncle Johnnie Kramer moved it from Waterloo on a 
sled) ; Jacob Schrock, wagon maker, lot No. 3, West 
street; Wm. Hendricks and John Moore, wagon 
maker, shop rear of lot No. i, West street ; Jacob Dra- 
venstatt, wagon maker; Daniel Rocky, pump maker, 
also occupied the shop on the lot No. i (Drs. J. B.) 
Potter & Langworthy, until 1843, then Potter & 
(Isaac) Titus, then Potter & (Robt.) McLane; Dr. 
G. W. Blake, located 1843, office on lot No. 20, Co- 
lumbus street; Elizabeth Lee, milliner in the Mrs. 

Welsh house, Columbus street ; Eversole, cov- 

erlit weaver, on lot No. 8, Columbus street ; Peter E. 
Ehrenhart, a weaver, succeeded; Lewis Stands, a 
cabinet shop, lot No. 7; Paul Samsel, tailor; Elias 
Lines, blacksmith shop, south end of High street ; Wm. 
Overholser, tin shop; Henry Epply and Henry Eich- 
elberger, brick yard and brick masons ; James Cannon, 
blacksmith shop, Waterloo street; James H. Somer- 
ville, tanyard. Liberty street; George Lehman, shoe 
shop, lot 5, West street; he also sold soft drinks — 
Honey Mead, Metheglin and- Silver-Top; Andrew 
Boyer, cooper, lot No. 2, Columbus street; Joseph 


by Google 


Johnson, cabinet shop, lot Xo. 5, Columbus street (rear 
end) ; Daniel Bergstresser, harness shop, High and 
Waterloo street ; Wm. Curtis, slaughter house, lot 
No. 23, Columbus street; Ira and Geo. Mason, tavern^ 
south side of canal, on High street; Wm. Riley, tan- 
nery, corner Waterloo and Trine streets; Wm. Har- 
baugh, linseed oil mill, Liberty street; Bennedum & 
Mathews, cabinet shop, rear end lot No. 5, Columbus, 
street ; Wm. and Lafayette Tallmah, store, lot No. 9, 
High street; Bartlit & Fry, grain; Robt. McCurd>^ 
store; John Wolf, blacksmith at Line's shop; — James 
McKelvey, tailor; J. W. Hische, 1847, harness; Kel- 
ley, tailor; Heil Brockway, packet line; Jacob Dire- 
ling, grocery, Bartlit store building; Gus Finne- 
frock, shoe maker; Peter Bolenbaugh, shoe maker; 
Geo. McCombs, teamster ; Daniel Leckrone, shoe shop ; 
Daniel Boyer, basket maker; Wright & Tallman, 
grain; Tallman, Helpman & Allen, store and lumber 
yard; in 1849 ^^e firm dissolved, Mr. Helpman con- 
tinuing the lumber yard on lots Nos. i and 2, Colum* 
bus street, and Tallman, Allen & Co. continuing the 
store on the comer of High and West streets; J. B. 
Evans, tailor and postoffice, on Waterloo street, lot No. 
13; Joseph Bennedum, cabinet maker and undertaker; 
John P>y, carpenter ; Whitehurst & Carty, grain ; 
John Thompson, tanner}% Waterloo street ; Wm. Fry, 
tailor; Jacob Carty & Son, store; Amanda Schrock 
(daughter of Jacob), milliner; Eliza Bishop, milliner 
and dressmaker; Wm. Jacobs, tavern, 1843, where 
Town Hall ; Geo. Fosket, butcher shop and grocer}*, 
rear of Bartlit store building; J. B. Ford, butcher; 
John Gehm, Dick Jeffres, Chas. D. Comer, Clint At- 
waters and Herod Cater were clerks. 


by Google 


by Google 


by Google 



Samuel Bartlit, store and grain : Bartlit & Fry, 
store and grain ; Samuel Pond, store ; D. and C. Cay- 
man, store ; Tallman, Speaks & Co., store ; Amon Al- 
gire, store; Whitehurst & Carty, store and grain, 
Philip King, gunsmith ; Rufus W. Bailey, butcher 
shop; Leo Carson, carpenter; Potter & Shortt, physi- 
cians, 1856-1861, 1865-1874; Tallman, Stevenson 
& Co., grain; C. P. Rees, 1859, tin shop; Jacob 
Dauterman, 1855, barber shop; Empire Mills, John 
Chaney & Son, Ceorge Bareis miller; Amaziah 
Wise, son of Rev. Geo. Wise, store; Levi Brown, gro- 
cer>' ; Wm. Overholser, tin shop ; Hiram Siball, tailor ; 
James McKelvey, tailor; Wm. Cater, tailor; Dr. G. 
W. Blake; John Helpman & Son, lumber; Helpman 
& Shaffer, planing mill, 1857, and lumber ; Geo. Gregg, 
store ; August Groff , cabinet shop ; Aaron Fellers, 
picture gallery ; Isaac Shoemaker, harness ; Daniel 
Bergstresser, harness ; J. W. Hische, harness ; Nicho- 
las Gettel, shoe maker; Chas. Dagon, tailor; Peter 
W^ber, shoemaker; Peter Bolenbaugh. shoemaker; 
Joseph Aliller, tailor ; James Cannon, blacksmith ; Wm. 
Riley, tanner ; Reuben Trine, tanner ; James H. Som- 
erville, tanner; Jacob Dellinger, brick maker; John 
Fry, carpenter; John Kissell, carpenter; Xoah Banis- 
ter, blacksmith ; Geo. Derr, blacksmith ; Daniel Leth- 
ers, stage coach line (drowned November, 1857, at 
lock west of town) ; Wm. Wilson, stage driver ; Riley 
Rhodes, picture gallery; David Shrader, picture gal- 
lery ; Henry S. Binkley, picture gallery ; Jacob Rawn, 
Grocery ; Geo. Lehman, drug store ; Al. Chandler, 
grocery ; John Kissell, grocery ; Sol. Dildine, gro- 
cery ; Wm. L. Stevenson, grain ; Tallman, Hathaway 

13 H M T. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


& Co., grain ; Frederick Eauca, oil mill ; Jacob Har- 
baugh, cabinet maker and undertaker; John Miller, 
brick mason; Wm. P. Miller, carpenter. Clerks: 
Geo. M. B. Dove, August Korn, Dick Jeffres, John 
Gehm, Wm. Thompson, Wm. Tallman, Phil Game, 
Lew Dellinger, David Gayman, Mai B. Karnes ; John 
M. Schoch, hotel; Wm. Harbaugh, cabinet maker; 
Schrock & Flinchbaugh, wagon maker; Henry Will, 
carpenter; Henry Harpst, carpenter; Abraham Hun- 
sicker, carpenter; Daniel Gayman, carpenter; H. J. 
Epply, brick mason ; Fisher & Markley, then Fisher & 
Moore, Kramer mill; Philip Price, sexton at grave- 
yard ; Samuel Taylor, tavern, and his son-in-law, 

Sheldon, a grocery in the Samuel Bartlit building; 
Wm. Lines, Mitchell Allen, John McCombs, Joseph 
and Silas McClellan and Isaac Kramer, were plasterers. 

General Stores : D. and C. Gayman, Amon Algire, 
John and Philip Game, Shrader, Rightly & Miller, 
Samuel Bartlit & Co. (L. C. Bartlit and John Gehm), 
L. C. Bartlit. 

Grain : Samuel Bartlit & Co., Bartlit & Speaks, O. 
P. Chaney & Bro., Chaney, Decker & Co. (E. K. Cha- 
ncy), Whitehurst & Carty, Whitehurst, Gehm & Co. 
(Jacob Carty and Solomon Lehman). 

Other Stores: David Lehman, drugs; Dr. A. 
Starr, drugs and printing office ; Daniel Bergstresser, 
groceries, etc. ; George King, groceries, etc. ; John 
Kissel, grocery; Peter Caslow, grocery'; C. P. Rees, 
tin shop; Rees & Game, hardware, 1868; Mrs. Fay 
Decker, milliner; Mrs. C. Ehrenhart, milliner. 

Physicians : Dr. J. B. Potter, Dr. A. A. Shortt, Dr. 
G. W. Blake, Dr. J. J. McConkly, Dr. Geo. Hendren. 


by Google 


Tanneries: Reuben Trine and James H. Somer- 

Shoe Shops: Peter Weber, Reuben Trine, Elisha 
Himrod & Son, Martin Zahn. 

Tailor Shops : James B. Evans, Wm. Cater, James 
McKelvey, Chas. Dagon. 

Blacksmith Shops: Peter and Jacob Zarbaugh, 
George Derr, Chas. B. Cannon. 

Jacob Dauterman, barber ; David Shrader, picture 
gallery; Thos. Pinney, saloon; J. W. Hische, har- 
ness; Daniel Befgstresser, harness. 

Brickmasons: John Miller, Henry Epply, Jacob 
Dellinger, Chas. Zarbaugh, Wm. Boyd, Geo. Powell. 

Carpenters: Daniel Gayman, Israel Gayman, 
Abrahm Hunsicker, I. L. Decker, Henry Will, Henry 
Herbst, Jacob Comp, Hiram Shaffer, Leonard & Leigh- 
ner, Wm. P. Miller, Chas. F. Yost, L. S. Shoemaker, 
Armpreister & Brown, Leo. F. Carson, Chas. W. Ram- 
sey, D. B. Washburn. 

Hotels: John M. Schoch, Commercial Hotel; 
David Sarber, in "Poor House" building; John As- 
bell, 1867, Epply comer. West and High streets. 

Helpman & Shaffer, lumber yard; Jacob Har- 
baugh, cabinet maker and undertaker; Peter Ehren- 

hart, weaver, Hale, house painter; George 

Bush, cooper ; S. B. Phipps, singing school ; Wm. Ca- 
ter, Jr., saloon ; Rufus W. Bailey, butcher shop ; Ro- 
denfels, Seymour & Co. (Peter Brown), Empire Mills; 
Wm. Houck, butcher shop; John T. Flinchbaugh, 
wagon shop; Chaney & Stevenson, woolen factory; 

Lowery, woolen factory; Schrock & Algire, 

agricultural implements; James Griffith, brick yard; 
Wm. Brown, cider press ; Armpreister & Brown, un- 
dertakers ; Jacob Moore and O. L. Dibble, plasterers. 


by Google 



Stores: D. & C. Gayman, dry goods; Spielnian 
Bros. & Weisman, dry ^oods ; Rees & Game, then Rees 
& Chaney, then Chas. P. Rees, hardware ; Game Bros., 
then John Gehm & Bro., groceries; L. C. Bartlit, 
clothing; John R. Clement & Co., clothing; B. S. 
Hewitt, clothing; Focht Bros. (Ezra & Sam), grocer- 
ies ; W. R. ^liller & Co., hardware (Kuqua building) ; 
Theo. Hod Learn, tinner; J. H. Shoemaker, grocer- 
ies, Bergstresser building; W. R. Miller & Son, then 
J. K. Aliller, groceries ; E. D. Orwig, then Poor Bros. 
(Wes. and Minor), then Hart & Armpreister, then Ja- 
cob Dauterman, groceries; John Chaney, groceries; 
Speilman Bros., drugs; A. Starr, drugs; W. P. Mil- 
ler, furniture and undertaking; O. L. Bott, drugs; 
Willis Houser, drugs; E. K. Stentz, jewelry store; 
Joe E. Evans, cigars and news; Peter Caslow, gro- 
cery; A. A. Delong, boots and shoes, north room of 
Game building. 

Major J. W. Stinchcomb, then Chas. M. Gould, 
then Bott (O. L.) & Ileffly (Rev. James), '^Winches- 
ter Times;" printers, Wes. H. McCIintock, W. D. Cas- 
low, Geo. W. Miller, Joe E. Evans, Geo. and Will 
Stinchcomb, Geo. Hische ; D. W. Clelland, coal; Wm. 
Brown, cider press; Adam Shaner, repair shop; Geo. 
Leighner, luml:>er (at R. R.) ; John Helpman, lumber 
and planin<:^ mill ; E. B. and I. L. Decker, saw mill ; 
M. Leckrone, saw mill; Simon Brown, carriage manu- 
facturer; C. Kuqua, carriage manufacturer; Fred 
Ungemach, jeweler; M. Leckrone, engineer at mill; 
Walter Mundell, engineer at mill; Simon Shaffer, en- 
gineer at planing mill; Simon Helpman, engineer at 
planing mill; J. Wes. Bowen, stonecutter; George 


by Google 


Powell, tile yard, east end of Columbus street ; Israel 
Gayman, wash machines and churns ; Moses Cayman, 
wash machines and pumps; James McKelvey, auc- 
tioneer; J. T. Flinchbaugh, wagon maker; Bott & 
Epply, insurance; Daniel Holland, then Wm. Dress- 
tack, milk wagon ; James Criffith, brick yard ; Powell 
& Miller, brick yard; Jas. R. Algire, machine shop, 
near R. R. ; Peter Ehrenhart, weaver; Shaffer & 
Boyd, broom manufacturers; Miller (C. W.) & Det- 
wiler, bed springs; Leoffler (M.) & Dibble (O. L.), 
hed springs ; Kissel & Brown, agricultural implements. 
Old Rink; Speaks (C. W.) & Cowan (C. B.), walnut 
logs; John Kissel, saloon (Hole in the Wall), near 
R. R. ; Kester & Dibble, cooper shop ; A. B. Steven- 
son, woolen mills (2 miles west of town) ; Harpst & 
Prentiss, restaurant (over S. Bartlit's store). 

Grain: Chaney, Decker & Co., after 1874 O. P. 
Chaney; Bartlit & Speaks; Whitehurst, Lehman & 

Meat Markets: Stephen Boyd, Sylvester Poor, 
Ford Bros., Bailey & Zirkle, M. L. Poor, Lynch Bros., 
Kramer & Fenstermaker. 

Tailor Shops: J. B. Evans, Frank Arnold, Wm. 
Arnold, Henry Plekenpol, Miss Julia Dixon, tailoress. 

Carpenters: Geo. W. Leighner, Ferd Leonard, 
Geo. Shuman, Frank Shaffer, Hiram Shaffer, Daniel 
Gayman, Abraham Hunsicker, Benj. F. Hatfield, Dan- 
iel Benson, L L. and Austin Decker, Henry Herbst, 
Henr}^ Will, Geo. F. Bareis, Chas. F. Yost, James P. 
Kramer, Chas. W. Ramsey, Jacob Comp, Jacob Har- 

Brick Masons: N. J. Wolfe, Geo. Powell, N. O. 
Selby, H. J. Epply, John Miller, Wm. H. Hische, Geo. 
Allely, Wm. Boyd, Chas. Zarbaugh, Chas. Zachero. 


by Google 


Tallman Bros. (Wm. and Harrison), agricultural 
implements; M. Winders, bakery, Waterloo street; 
Chas. Guy, billiard hall. 

Barbers: Jacob Dauterman, Frank A. Beuchler,. 
John Finkbone. 

Picture Galleries: J. T. Trimmer (where post- 
office), J. W. Rusk (Leonard gallery), C. Hempstead 
(Miller gallery), Glatfetter & Beeks (where Phil 
Game's residence). 

Dressmakers: Miss Harriet Cater, West street; 
Mrs. Lena McKelvey, Columbus street ; Mrs. F. Leon- 
ard, Waterloo street; Mrs. L. Fenstermaker, Mound 

Livery Stables: Simon Brown, Glatfetter (N.) & 
Good (Absalom), Nathaniel Glatfetter, J. Miner Foor. 

Shoe Shops : R. Trine, Peter Weber, Martin Zahn, 
Jas. H. Somerville, Arendt & Dibble, shoe store. 

Harness Shops: J. W. Hische, Wm. H. Wright^ 
W. L. Arendt, George Arnold, Daniel Bergstresser. 

Blacksmith Shops: Thomas Martin, L. L. Foor, 
James Rawlins, Geo. Derr, Henry Weber, rear of Rees' 
store ; R. M. Cole, Chas. B. Cannon, Chas. Feistkom, 
Peter Zarbaugh. 

Plasterers : Jacob Moore, O. L. Dibble, Henry H. 

Painters: (Jacob and Will), Schott Bros., O. J. 
Lawyer, Jacob Zarbaugh, Henry Zarbaugh, W. Lea 
Berian, James Walker, carriage painter. 

Physicians : Dr. J. B. Potter, Dr. A. A. Short, Dr. 

G. W. Blake, Dr. Nash, Dr. Bright,. 

Dr. M. Valentine, Dr. V. A. Valentine, Dr. F. L. Gil- 
bert, dentist Carty building. 

Hotels: John M. Schoch, Commercial; Isaac 


by Google 


Millinery: Mrs. C. Ehrenhart, Mrs. F. Leonard, 
!Mrs. Sarah D. Evans. 

Music Teachers: Miss Laura Partridge, Mr. C. 

B. Hunt, Mr. Brown, Mr. Suter, Mrs. 


IVriting Teachers: J. H. Perkins, M. D. L. 
Schoch, T. F. Ungemach, watchmaking. 

Clerks: Chas. Epply (drug store), Wm. (Bricky) 
Helpman (lumber yard), Callie Turner (at Mrs. Eh- 
renhart's), Ray Miller, Geo. W. Himrod, Chas. Kuqua, 
Arthur Pratt, Chas. W. Miller, Wm. Fenstermaker, 
Samuel Kuqua, Louis H. Shuh (dry goods) ; Wise- 
man & Speilman had Tom Levitt, Dick Caslow and 
Harry Saunders, Wm. Schrock, E. E. Geisy, John 
(Bumie) Southworth, Robt. W. Bolenbaugh, W. D. 
Beeks, Wm. M. Game, Homer Bailey, John Harpst, 
Wm. H. Harpst, B. F. Gayman, Clark Lechliter, A. E. 
Gayman, Edwin S. Gayman, J. K. Miller, Henry 
Pflenger, Geo. E. Becker, Herb. E. Bradley. 


Stores: D. & C. Gayman, J. E. Billingsly, 1882, 
L. Stecker (Town Hall), J. R. Malone & Co. (Grange 
building), John A. Whitzel, then Whitzel & Gehm (B. 
D.), High and Waterloo; John Gehm & Bro., gro- 
ceries; Geo. E. Becker, groceries, Dauterman comer; 
Jacob Dauterman, groceries; John Chaney, Jr., gro- 
ceries; M. Winders, groceries (Carty building) ; Lane 
& Smith, groceries, Waterloo street; Al. Lane, gro- 
ceries, Waterloo street; Wm. M. Game, groceries; 
Alspach & Sponsler, groceries; Philip Game, boots 
and shoes; Adam Weber, boots and shoes; W. H. 
Trine, boots and shoes ; S. H. Arendt, boots and shoes j 
M. Zahn, boots and shoes ; Geo. W. Hinrods, groceries. 


by Google 


Grain : O. P. Chaney & Son, M. C. Whitehitrst & 
Co., also operated mill ; C. B. and D. H. Cowen, Em- 
pire Mills (Joe S. Ashe, miller) ; Evans & Speaks 
(John C), Empire Mills. 

Lumber: John Helpman, Geo. F. Bareis. 

Hotels: John M. Schoch, Commercial; L. W. 
Boyer, Merchants. 

Drugs: R. C. Caslow, Willis Houser, Carty cor- 
ner; Jacob A. Kumler, Carty corner; James Heffley, 
Berg-stresser comer; Crayton Bros., Lehman block; 
E. H. Tobias. 

Physicians: Dr. J. B. Potter, Dr. A. A. Short, Dr. 
V. A. Valentine, Dr. M. Valentine, Dr. C. R. Clement, 
Dr. J. W. Shook, Dr. L. W. Beer}-, Dr. S. W. Walters. 

Dentists: Dr. F. H. Houghton, Dr. N. B. Sibley, 
Drs. Latham & Eckert, Drs. Graham & Eckert, Dr. H. 
L. Crider. 

Jeivelcrs: W. H. Kirk, Leonard building; T. F. 
Ungemaugh, Geo. Reber, Chas. C. Reibe. 

Tailors: J. B. Evans, Frank Arnold, Henry Ar- 
nold, Henry Plekenpol, John A. Whitzel, merchant 
tailor store; John Stukey. 

Dressmakers: Mrs. Lena McKelvey, Miss Har- 
riet Cater, IMrs. Louise Fenstermaker, Mame Hische, 
Mrs. F. Leonard, Shride & Weber, Alice Dowdall. 

Barbers: Jacob Dauterman, Chas. Dauterman, 
Miller block; Frank A. Beuchler, Miller block; John 
Finkbone, Isaac Finkbone, James Allen, Harry Speaks 

Blacksmiths: L. L. Foor, R. M. Cole, Derr (Al- 
bert) & Cole (Wm. M.), Derr & Fulton. 

Harness : J. W. Hische, Wm. H. Wright, Wright 
& McKinley, Geo. Arnold (Waterloo street). 


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by Google 


by Google 


Hardware: Chas. P. Rees, Kramer Bros., Ochs & 
King, J. B. Outland, tinner; W. R. Miller & Son. 

Bakers: M. Winders, Ed. Winders, A. P. Avery, 
Frank Strong, M. Murdock. 

Painters : O. J. Lawyer, Ed. V. Bush, Jacob Zar- 
l>augh, Henry Zarbaugh. 

Picture Galleries : J. T. Trimmer, James Hood, L. 
M. Baker, Mulligan Bros., C. Hempstead. 

Milliners: Mrs. C. Ehrenhart, Shride (Mrs. Bet- 
tie) & Weber (Emma), Mrst E. Leonard. 

Meat Markets: S. E. Bailey, M. L. Poor, Decker 
•& Bailey. 

Coal: John Helpman, D. W. Clelland, Jerry Al- 

Farm Implements: Tallman Bros., C. Al. Conn, 
Diley & Belong, John P. Diley, W. H. Tallman, Long 
& Bishop. 

Brick Yards: James Griffith, Wolf (N. G.) & 
Hische (W. H.), Brice Taylor & Co., W. R. Miller. 

Carpenters : Daniel Gayman, Abraham Hunsicker, 
Ferd Leonard, Sam C. Swonger, Henry Will, Henry 
Herbst, Jacob Komp, L L. Decker, Austin Decker, 
Chas. F. Yost, Chas. Brown, Hiram Shaffer, Simon 
Shaffer, Frank Shaffer, M. J. Leoffler (cabinet maker). 

Brick Masons: N. J. Wolf, Wm. Boyd, Wm. H. 
Hische, Chas. Zarbaugh. 

Millers: Joe S. Ashe (Cowans), A. J. Adams, 
Evan Owen. 

Attorneys: W. H. Lane, Chas. C. Pickering. 

Furniture and Undertaking: W. P. Miller, Cha- 
ney (W. E.) & Leoffler (M. G.). 

Music Teachers: Sarah M. Keane, Mary Speaks. 

M. Leckrone, saw mill, Moses Gayman, pumps; 
John R. Clement & Co., clothing (Town Hall) ; J. R. 


by Google 


Clement & Co., baling shed (Waterloo street) ; Miner 
Poor, livery ; Adam Shaner, repair shop ; Joseph An- 
gle, weaver ; Frank Poor, dray ; T. D. Worstall, cigar 
factory (south of school house); Israel Cayman, 
churns; Chaney (E. C.) & Whitehurst (Geo. A.) 

gents' furnishings (Lehman block) ; Richards,. 

notions (Town Hall) ; John Brown, restaurant 
(Grange building), and beer garden north of R. R. ; 
Horace I. Pierce, Jersey cows and maple sugar; Lane 
& Hartsough, life insurance agents ; John W. Youngs 
tannery; Henry A. Mason, monuments; James N. 
Tussing, auctioneer; roller skating rink in foundry 
building, by Cary D. and Geo. A. Whitehurst and Sol. 
S. Lehman, later by John C. Speaks and Ed. C. Cha- 
ney; A. E. Gayman, penmanship; Chas. Vamer, en- 
gineer planing mill. 

1890- 1900. 

Adam Weber, boots and shoes; Alice DowdalU 
dressmaker; H. H. Dibble, notary public and insur- 
ance; Wm. M. Game, groceries; Alspach & Spons- 
ler, groceries; Miller & Teegardin, Teegardin Bros.^ 
P. M. Teegardin & Co., Teegardin & Rush, groceries ; 
W. P. Miller, furniture and undertaker; H. A. Thomp- 
son and Wm. ^M. Codner, agents C. H. V. & T. R. R. ; 
John A. Wilson, Great Eastern restaurant; Daniel E. 
Alspach, restaurant and bakery; Noah Cherry, Mer- 
chants hotel ; Chas. Painter, saloon ; Martin L. Kemp, 
barber ; Smith Bros., barbers ; Mulligan Bros., photos ; 
Rhoads & Glatfetter, photos ; Fred McVey & Co., meat 
market; Bailey Bros, meat market; J. B. McVey> 
stock dealer and auctioneer; Dr. G. J. Gray, Dr. L. 
W. Beery, Dr. W. S. Gayman, Dr. G. P. Owen, Dr. J. 
W. Shook, Dr. A. A. Shortt ; Dora O. Sando, instruc- 
tor in elocution; J. K. Bowman, bicycles; H. T* 


by Google 


Noecker, farm implements; Phil Weber, boots and 
shoes; C. Gayman & Son, dry goods; B. D. Gehm,. 
dry goods; T. J. Boyd & Co., dry goods (I. O. O. 
F.), Frank Hendersheit manager; Geo. Powell, tile; 
Boyer & Powell, tile ; L. C. Bartlit, lamp lighter ; Geo. 
E. Smith, huckster ; O. P. Chaney & Son, grain ; M. 
C. Whitehurst & Sons, mill and grain ; G. W. Lamb^ 
receiver, mill, Winchester Milling Co., C. P. Bauman, 
manager, mill and elevator; W. H. Lane, attorney;. 
Aaron Smith, shoe shop; Dunlop & Deitz, Chas. F. 
Dunlap, coal and farm implements; Wm. Pearsall,. 
dray; Dr. A. Starr; E. V. Bush, painter; O. J. Law- 
yer, painter; Brown Bros., painters; John Brown^ 
painter; Levi Teegardin, saw mill (west of foundry) ;. 
Hempy Bros., saw mill, 1898-1899, north of R. R. ; 
Chas. Zarbaugh and Wm. Boyd, brickmasons ; Henrys 
Will, Jacob Komp, Jonathan Rinehard, Wm. Burnett, 
Chas. Hoffman, Chas. Brown, Austin Decker, Chas. P. 
Yost, George Yost, Geo. Krepps and Israel Gayman, 
carpenters ; J. F. Flinchbaugh, wagon maker ; Albert 
Derr and John Peirson, blacksmith shop; Wm. Cole,, 
blacksmith shop; J. W. Eastman, blacksmith shop;. 
Chas. Hall, blacksmith shop ; Lill Caslow, dressmaker ; 
R. C. Caslow, drugs ; John S. Lehman, milk ; Samuel 
Saylor, livery; W. L. Arendt, harness; Mrs. Lena 
McKelvey, dressmaker; Mary Arnold, dressmaker) 
Mame Hische, seamstress ; Hattie Shaner, seamstress ;. 
Mrs. Avery, milliner; Miss Ellis, milliner; Guthrie 
Sisters, milliners ; O. L. Dibble, plasterer ; R. J. Tus- 
sing, green houses ; Central Ohio Baling Co., Jas. P. 
Kalb, S. T. Needels, Sol. S. Lehman, C. D. Whitehurst 
and others, Joe C. Shaffer, manager; Frank Arnold,, 
tailor; Dr. S. H. B. Cochrane, dentist; Mrs. Laura 
Blackwood, music teacher; Miss Jesse Chaney, music 


by Google 


teacher ; Miss Lynn Sommerville, music teacher ; Geo. 
and Daniel Kramer, pumps; Moses Gayman, pump 
manufacturer; John Davis, miller; Joshua A. Math- 
ias, engineers; W. L. Walters, miller; J. B. Evans, 
tailor; E. H. Tobias & Co., drugs; Al. Lane, grocer- 
ies ; Canal Winchester Bank, S. T. Needels, president, 
C. V. Moore, cashier, Wm. Game, president, C. V. 
Moore, cashier ; W. H. Lane, Quinton Lane and Ervin 
Moore; G. F. Bareis, lumber; A. S. Lehman (Ed. D. 
Lehman, manager), drugs; Winchester Times, B. F. 
Gayman proprietor, O. P. Gayman editor; Long & 
Bishop, farm implements; J. McFarland & Co., farm 
implements ; Geo. Delong, coal and farm implements ; 
John M. Schoch, Commercial Hotel ; Chas. Varner, en- 
gineer ; Mrs. S. E. Bailey, boarding house ; Mrs. Rev. 
Bostwick, boarding house; Chas. Evans, tailor; N. 
Barclow, logs and lumber; John Zahn, shoemaker; 
Chas. W. Gayman, clothing ; James E. Lane, groceries : 
Mrs. C. Ehrenhart, Sallie Rousch, milliner; Ethel 
Ebright, milliner; Dibble & Wilson, bakery and res- 
taurant ; Alspach & Foor, bakery and restaurant ; Ho- 
mer Dibble, bakery; Adam Spousler, dray; Reuben 
Martin, baker ; J. E. Hedges, repair ohop ; C. P. Rees, 
hardware; Marion Corwin, groceries and buggies; 
Kramer & Bolenbaugh, hardware; Jas. McKelvey, 
tinner; Edw. Colman, tinner; Geo. R. Janeway, tin- 
ner ; Thos. Morton, cider press ; Consumers' Gas Co., 
Drs. Latham and Eckert, dentists ; Beery & Gayman, 
physicians ; John Stukey, merchant tailor ; Frank Pan- 
nebaker, tailor; A. P. Avery, bakery; J. K. Miller, 
groceries ; Crayton Bros., drugs ; Miss A. L King, mil- 
liner ; Miss S. L. Guthrie, milliner ; Winchester Tele- 
phone Exchange ; John Palsgrove manager, and Mary 


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Yost and Ethel Seymour aperators ; E. L. Carlton, 



Clerks: W. D. Reeks, G. M. Herbst, E. C. Cha- 
ncy, John Bartlit, Geo. E. Fry, Frank Hische, John 
Sponsler, Chas. Sponsler, Henry Lechliter, Herb Can- 
non, Wm. Bolenbaugh, Eliza Gayman, Alice Snyder, 
Ona Kramer, Lou Shaffer, John Gayman, Harry 
Beery, Herb Tobias, Milt Armpreister, Harry Caslow, 
Henry W. Lehman, Bert Miller, Geo. W. Hinrod, 
Frank Dildine, Chas. Miller, Hugh Caslow, Zack Eng- 
land, Harry Miller, Frank Miller, Geo. W. Miller, Ja- 
cob Lehman, Jesta Hancock, Noah Beery, A. D. Bo- 


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Among the earliest enterprises was the Adam Ra* 
rey log tavern, built in about 1812, which stood where 
the John S. Rarey mansion now stands. For many 
years the township elections were held here. In 1831 
or 1832 John Champe run a harness and shoe shop 
where Marion Corwin built a residence, now occupied 
by Wm. Corbett. Mr. Champe had formerly worked 
at a tannery on the Benjamin Rarey farm, located about 
two miles south of town, now owned by Michael Cor- 

On September 14, 1832, Love & Loy, who had the 

contract for constructing section No. 53 of the canal — 

being about one mile in extent from the lock east of 

town to near where Rarey's Academy used to stand — 

completed the excavation: The last earth taken out 

was at a point where the Lancaster and Columbus road 

crosses the canal, and two days later the water waa 

let in, and on the following Tuesday or Wednesday 

great crowds of people assembled on both sides of the 

canal, some coming ten or twelve miles to see the first 

boats pass. George Champe related to the writer that 

"when they heard the cheering and the music of the 

band in the direction of Winchester, all eyes and feet 

were expectantly turned in that direction. Three boats 

passed, viz : 'Cincinnati,' *Red Rover' and the *Lady 

Jane.' " In 1832 J. D. Cox and Jacob B. Wert leased 

some land of Adam Rarey at the southwest intersec- 



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tion of the canal and the Lancaster and Columbus road, 
just opposite the Town Hall, and erected a warehouse 
with a store room on the west end. Frederick Fruchey 
did the carpenter work. In the spring of 1833 Mr. 
Wert began to buy grain and sell goods. In Septem- 
ber, 1843, Mr. Wert employed Wm. Lathrop, then sur- 
veyor of Franklin county, to lay out a town just west 
of the section line (College street), and on October 9, 
1845, Jacob Weaver and J. B. Wert had the plat re- 
corded, naming it Wert's Grove, the latter part of the 
name being most likely suggested by a large sugar 
camp near by. The description adds, "All lots west 
of Center street on the land owned by Jacob Weaver 
and all east owned by J. B. Wert." The "Plat" of 
Rarey's-port was recorded February 8, 1844, consist- 
ing of lots Nos. I to 65, bounded by the section line, 
North alley (Buckeye), Sugar alley and the Ohio ca- 
nal. "The above plat is situated on the east half of 
section No. 28, in Madison township, Franklin county, 
Ohio, and was surveyed and platted by me for the pro- 
prietor, Wm. H. Rarey. W. Lathrop, surveyor." 
Seven parcels of land were "reserved to be disposed of 
as the proprietor may hereinafter determine." 

June 3, 1848, a sub-division of in-lots, Nos. 28, 29 
and 30, town of Rarey 's-port, now Nos. i to 6 inclu- 
sive, and an addition to said town represented by lots 
Nos. 139, 140, 141, 142 and 146, was recorded. 

Abram Sharp's addition, consisting of 12 lots, num- 
bered I to 12 at the west end of Groveport was re- 
corded March 3, 1852. 

August II, 1870, the following territory was an- 
nexed to the corporation : "Beginning at the intersec- 
tion of the half-section line, on the north side of the 
canal, taking in land then owned by Wm. T. Decker, 


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Marc^aret Jones, W'ni. Chandler, Henry Long, \Vm. H. 
Rarey, Michael Corhett. Colurnhus & Hocking Valley 
Railroad, C. P. Dildine, 1^. Westenhaver, Pat. Cor- 
bett, John Yoiird, Let is Stinc, Abram Sharp, Z. C 
Payne, G. W. Kalb, D. C. Weaver, Joseph Smith and 
William Mason. 

A. B. Rarey 's sub-division, lots Nos. i to 7, was 
laid off and platted by Chas. D. Rarey in about 1880. 
No record of this plat could be found. On December 
31, 1895, Charles Campbell recorded a sub-division con- 
sisting of ten lots on the west side of College street. 

February 23, 1897, Patrick Corbett's administra- 
trix's addition was recorded, consisting of 16.54 acres^ 
and divided into 45 lots. ''Lots Xos. i, 2, 8, 9, 11, 12, 
16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 2^ and 31, together with 
parts of lots Xos. 3, 13, 14, 15, 24, 25, 26, 2y, 28, 29 
and 30, are situated within the corporate limits, balance 
of tract being and lying in the Groveport school dis- 
trict north of the railroad." 

It has not been definitely ascertained just when the 
postoffice was established, but it was at an earlier date 
than usually reported. The Ohio Gazeteer of 1837 
says : *'Wirt's Grove, a postoffice at the crossing of 
the Ohio canal and the Columbus and Lancaster road 
in Madison township, Franklin county, 1 1 miles from 
Columbus and 17 from Lancaster. Mails daily in stage 
coaches, from Columbus and Lancaster. This is the 
place of holding elections for Madison township.*' 
This indicates that the postoffice must have been estab- 
lished as early as 1836. Jacob R. Wert was the first 
postmaster, and served .until 1848. He had built a 
store room and dwelling on the southwest corner of 
Main and East streets, in 1834, and here kept the post- 
office. Mr. Wert was a prosperous and enterprising 


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citizen. He died October ii, 1850, and his remains 
were buried in the Obetz graveyard. Mr. Wert's 
widow, Julia A. Wert, married Heath M. Ware, an 
attorney, on May 24, 1853, and removed to Columbus, 
where she has since resided. Mr. Wert was succeeded 
as postmaster by Edmund Gares, 1848-185 1 ; A. C. 
Headly, 1851-1853; Samuel Sharp, 1853-1857; John 
L. Champe, 1857-1864; Henry Long, 1864-1877; Cor- 
nelius Black, Jr., 1877-1885; A.-M. Rarey, 1885-1889; 
John C. Coon, 1889-1893; Chas. D. Rarey, 1893-1897; 
John C. Coon, 1897- 1901 ; James K. Rarey, 1901. 

After Mr. Rarey laid out Rarey 's-port he made 
every effort to have the whole town known by his name 
and to have the name of the postoffice changed. He 
advised his friends when writing to direct their letters, 
to Rarey's-port, and it is said when letters did come ad- 
dressed to Rarey 's-port Mr. Wert would change them 
to read Wert's Grove. Each proprietor was anxious 
to perpetuate his own name, when finally the citizens 
took the matter in hand and held a public meeting in 
Wm. James' one-story cooper shop that stood on the 
west side of Walnut street south of Main street, and 
next to Clippenger's tannery. 

No conclusion was reached, but at another meeting 
held at the same place, soon after, being in the winter 
of 1 846- 1 847, a name was agreed upon. Reports of 
the success of the United States troops in the first bat- 
tle of the Mexican war suggested the name Palo Alto, 
and it was proposed. Dr. Abel Clark then proposed 
to drop the personal names and retain the latter part of 
each. This suggestion was adopted and hence the 
name Grove port. 

14 H M T. 

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The same winter the village was incorporated, and 
on April 17, 1847, ^^ election was held "for the pur- 
pose of electing one Mayor, one Recorder, and five 
Trustees." Jonathan Watson and Wm. James were 
judges, and Alexander Fleming, clerk of this election. 
Those voting were: Wm. R. Darnell, John Swisher, 
Wm. James, H. H. King, Thomas Hughes, John Gam- 
blen, George Champe, C. J. Stevenson, Jacob Anderick, 
John Yourd, Peter Rawn, R. E. Robinson, Abel Clark, 
R. Shockley, J. P. Bywaters, V. Matthews, Joseph 
McFee, Simon Van Horn, Joseph Cherry, Franklin 
Taylor, Daniel Mclntire, Jonathan Lee, Thomas 
Champe, Wm. W. Mitchell, Salem A. Darnell, B. Cal- 
lahan, Nathan Champe, H. K. Brotherton, Alex. Flem* 
ing, Jonathan Watson, John Champe, Joseph Vance, 
Bennett Thompson, Thomas Goodman, Henry Long, 
Moses Shaffer, Wm. Craner, Geo. W. Fearn, Wm. 
Watson, Geo. C. Darnell, Lewis Shirey, Geo. S. Nigh, 
Wm. H. Rarey, Bamet Milliser, John H. Reed, Samuel 
Bateman, Jacob Rawn, John T. Solomon, John A. Tay- 
lor, A. Willie, George Carder, Jackson Carder, Edmund 
Gares, Jephtha King, Z. P. Thompson, John Childs, A. 
Shoemaker, Jacob Burgett, George McCombs, John R. 
Smith and E. M. Dutton — a total of 62. Of these 
Edmund Gares is still living, and in active business. 
The election resulted as follows: Abraham Shoe- 
maker, Mayor; Dr. Abel Clark, Recorder; Samuel 
Sharp, E. M. Dutlon, Dr. J. P. Bywaters, C. J. Steven- 
son and Wm. W. Mitchell, Trustees. 

The council (Trustees) appointed A. Willie, Treas- 
urer, Wm. James Marshal, and Wm. H. Rarey, Alex. 
Fleming and Joseph Cherry Street Commissionerb. 
The rst ordinance passed made it unlawful to ob- 
struct any street or alley. The second ordinance made 


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it the duty of "owners of lots fronting on Main street 
to make sidewalks by November next," and the third 
ordinance made it "unlawful to run horses (a common 
pass-time) on the streets and alleys, or to engage In 
fighting, brawling, quarreling, shooting of guns or pis- 
tols or otherwise vmnecessarily disturbing the peace 
and quietude of the town." "The Street Commission- 
ers are authorized to employ from one to three two- 
horse teams at a price not to exceed one dollar and 
fifty cents per day for man and team, to grade Main 
street, between May i and June 15." 

The above were all passed on April 29, 1847. O" 
July 26, 1847, the Street Commissioners were in- 
structed to build four bridges across "Joppa" brook. 
After reading over the proceedings of the village coun* 
cil for the past half century, the impression is left on 
one's mind that "Joppa" is a very expensive fixture. 

On November 20, 1847, A. Fleming resigned as 
street Commissioner, removing from town, and Jacob 
Anderick was appointed; and E. M. Dutton resigned 
as councilman and William Toy was appointed to fill 
the vacancy. Council meetings were then held at the 
houses of the Mayor, and of C. J. Stevenson, and the 
elections were held at C. J. Stevenson's shop. May 1, 
1848, Mr. Gares presented a petition, signed by forty- 
two citizens, praying that the town council would take 
into consideration "the subject of taxing dc^s, in any 
way as they think proper to decrease their number." 
On April 20, 1849, ^^e Marshal was instructed to no^ 
tify Wm. H. Blair to remove the old slaughter house 
(formerly owned by J. B. Wert), or so much of it as 
obstructs East street. 

The beginning of the multiplied legislative efforts 
to suppress the saloon and the sale of intoxicating 

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drinks dates from May i, 1849, when an ordinance took 
effect, "Making it unlawful for to retail spiritous li- 
quors of any kind within the corporation ; anyone of- 
fending shall not pay less than ten dollars nor more 
than one hundred dollars." 

Dr. Abel Clark, Treasurer, "appeared and reported 
the following: Groveport, Ohio, April 20, 1849. — ' 
Received nothing; paid out nothing." October 31,. 
1 85 1, Darnell & Co. were given the privilege of build- 
ing cribs in the street adjoining their store, "until they 
shall shell their corn next summer, for which they 
agree to pay five dollars." 

In 1852 council was petitioned to make it unlawful 
for swine to run at large on the streets, but council 
"considered it imprudent to pass such a law at present." 

Ordinance No. 15, passed May 2, 1854, "provides 
seventy-five cents to each councilman, for each meet- 
ing of council attended," and was carried by a unani- 
mous vote. The provisions of this ordinance re- 
mained in force and was taken advantage of by each 
succeeding council, until on April 18, 1867, the new 
council declared the orders issued by the old council 
"as null and void as they are contrary to law." The 
councils of 1869 and 1870, however, again took pay 
under the ordinance of 1854. May 22, 1857, "council 
resolved that hereafter the ordinances passed shall be 
published in the ''Rose-Bud." July 9, 1858, E. W. Ed- 
wards "moved that Joppa be 'trunked' from, northeast 
corner of Hickory alley to alley north of Elm street, 
with a *trunk' two feet wide and fourteen inches high."' 
This motion was laid on the table. 

May 2, 1863, only ten votes were cast at the an- 
nual village election, viz. ; Geo. P. Champe, Dr. J. H. 
Savior, H. F. Woodring, Isaac Johnson, G. S. Dildinc. 

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Robert F. Dildine, Thomas Champe, Jacob Bur- 
nett, R. W. Johnson and D. C. Weaver, and on^ 
May 14, in the following year, exactly the same num- 
ber, ten votes, were cast by the following persons: 
<jeo. P. Champe, H. O. Click, S. Baughman, S. Van 
Horn, James Hamler, J. Burgett, J. H. Reed, Wm. 
Byrne, Wm. Sharp and Casper Limpert. 

In 1867 the contract was awarded to Chas. Bow- 
ers to build a calaboose at $185.00, and on July 2, 
1879, a contract was awarded to Geo. F. Bareis at 
$374.00 to build the brick prison located along the 

Toivn Hall: At the election held April 5, 1875, 
the question of building two Town Halls — one at Win- 
chester, the other at Groveport — was submitted to the 
voters, with the following result: Winchester pre- 
cinct, 107 votes for and 180 against; Groveport pre- 
cinct, 211 votes for and 87 against. On May 6 follow- 
ing a meeting was held "to make arrangements con- 
cerning the erection of a Town Hall in Groveport, in 
connection with the village council and other parties." 
The following persons were present: Kalita Sallee, 
Moses Seymour and John S. Lehman, Township Trus- 
tees; W. L. Powell and Wm. Chandler for council; 
Wm. Chandler and F. M. Senter for I. O. O. F. Lodge, 
and Mr. Chandler and J. P. Arnold for the F. & A. M. 
Lodge. Moses Seymour was chosen chairman, and 
C. Black, Jr., the Township Clerk, acted as secretary. 
Wm. Chandler and Kalita Sallee were appointed a 
committee to employ an architect to make plans and 
specifications ; they employed J. H. Harris of Colum- 
bus. Another meeting was held on May 13, when 
the following propositions for locations were received : 
From John F. Wildermuth, proposing to give his cor- 


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ner lot (southeast corner Main and Walnut streets) ^ 
for the use of one of the store rooms for a term of ten 
years ; from the I. O. O. F. Lodge, proposing to give 
deed for corner lot on Main and Front streets for $450 ; 
from J. V. Conklin, proposing to give deed for north- 
west corner lot, Main and Walnut streets, for $1,500, 
These locations were voted on by ballot and the I. O. 
O. F. lot selected. The following assessment or di- 
vision of the cost was made, based on the architect's 
estimate, viz: Madison township, first story, $9,116; 
village of Groveport, second story, $650; I. O. O. F., 
$1,050; F. & A. M., $1,050. Bids were opened on 
June 22, 1875, as follows, for the building complete: 
A. B. Rarey, $9,500; W. W. McCoy, $10,745; Her- 
shiser & Gibson, $10,962 ; Vory's Bros., $1 1,545 ; Ken- 
noder & Denig, $12,831 ; R. A. Rowland & Co., $12,- 
885; Harris W. Newell, $13,000.' There were also 
quite a number of bids for separate parts of the work. 
The contract was awarded to Mr. Rarey, but at a meet- 
ing held on June 30 he appeared and "stated that he 
could not build said hall at his bid of $9,500, and there- 
fore waived his contract." The contract was then 
awarded to Wm. W. McCoy at his bid. In the spring 
of 1876 H. H. Scofield & Co. occupied the east room 
with dry goods, and Theo. Faulhaber the west room 
with a stock of groceries. On November 26, 1881, 
the township house was sold to Robt. Shaw for $303, 
being lot No. 13, formerly Wert's Grove. 

The following is a list of the officers of the village 
of Groveport. The date shows year of election. One 
of the record books, 1870 to 1877, could not be found, 
hence the omission of some names : 

Mayors: A. Shoemaker, 1847- 1848, Henry Long, 
1849, 1866; Z. P. Thompson, 1850, 1851, 1855, 1856, 


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1859, i860; E. W. Edwards, 1852; Jeremiah White, 
1853-1854; Noah Steele, 1857; Lemuel Sarber, 1858; 
Jonathan Watson, 1861, 1862; Robt. F. Dildine, 1863, 
1865; Z. D. Dildine, 1864; W. W. Kile, 1867 (records 
of several years lost) ; F. M. Senter, 1875, 1877; Robt. 
A. Shaw, 1878, 1891, 1893, 1896-1901 ; Adam Shaner, 
1892 (Robt. A. Shaw and Adam Shaner each had 78 
votes in 1892; lots were cast and Mr. Shaner won; 
March 8, 1893, Mr. Shaner had a stroke of paralysis 
and Robt. A. Shaw was appointed for the balance of 
the term) ; Samuel Stuckey, 1894-1895. 

Clerks: Dr. Abel Clark, 1847, 185 1, 1853; Ed- 
mund Gares, 1848, 1849; ^r- H. L. Chaney, 1850, re- 
signed and Abram Sharp appointed, 1852; W. H. 
Pyle, 1854; A. C. King, 1855; Robt. F. Dildine, 1856, 
1860-1862, 1864, 1867-1870; Hiram McArthur, 1857; 
H. C. Darnell, 1859; B. F. Champe, 1863, 1875, 1876; 
Z. D. Dildine, 1865, 1866; Moses Welton (records of 
several years could not be found) ; Wm. Chandler, 
1876-1877; D. F. Karnes, 1878, resigned March 19, 
1879, and E. V. Adel appointed, 1879; A. M. Senter, 
1882-1887; F. S. Rarey, 1880, 1881 ; Chas. D. Rarey, 
1888-1897; A. H. McBriar, 1898; W. L. Piester, 1899, 
resigned after about two months* service and W. C. 
Black appointed, 1899-1900; Phil C. Tussing, 1901. 

Treasurers : ' The Treasurers were appointed by 
the council until 1868, since which time they are elected. 
A. Willie, 1847; Dr. Abel Clark, 1848; Jacob Stim- 
mel, 1849, refused to serve and Abraham Sharp ap- 
pointed, 1849, 185 1, 1868; Samuel Sharp, 1850; Jacob 
Rawn, 1852; A. C. Headly, 1853; J. K. Low, 1854; 
C. J. Stevenson, 1855; Moses Zinn, 1856, 1857; Noah 
Steele, 1858; Jiles Weaver, 1859-1862; Casper Lim- 
pert, 1863-1865; Dr. G. L. Smith, 1866, 1867, 1878- 


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1883, resigned August 31, 1883, and F. S. Rarey ap- 
pointed; S. Allen Peters, 1869-1878, died April, 1878; 
F. S. Rarey, 1883-1886; M. H. Kelley, 1887-1895, 
died February 26, 1896, and A. M. Rarey appointed, 

1895, 1897; L. B. Carruthers, 1898-1901. 
Marshals: The marshals were appointed by the 

council previous to 1868, since which they have been 
elected. Wm. James, 1847; Lemuel Sarber, 1849, 1852, 
1857, i860, 1865, 1867; James Turner, 1850, 1858, 
1859; Benjamin Calhoun, 1851 ; O. F. Connell, 1853; 
Jacob Stimmel, 1854, 1857; Wm. Watson, 1855, 1856; 
Joseph Cherry, 1861 ; G, P. Champe', 1862, 1863; John 
A. Kile, 1866, 1890, 1891, 1897; Joseph Lytle, 1868; 
H. O'Harra, 1869; G. W. Bowland, 1869, 1870: F. 
M. Groom, 1871 ; T. H. Carder, 1879, resigned Sep- 
tember 17, 1879, and E. Cassidy appointed, 1879, 1880; 
J. W. Click, 1881-1885; J. D. Weakly, 1886, 1887; 
Isaac Musselman, 1887, resigned September 27, 1887, 
and J. D. Weakly appointed ; John Cramer, 1888, 1889 ; 
W. E. Thompson, 1892-1895, 1898; R. R. Paxton, 

1896, 1897, 1899, resigned October 14, 1897, and John 
A. Kile appointed, 1900, 1901. 

Street Commissioners: Wm. Sharp, 1877-1880; 
Martin Shirey, 1881, moved out of corporation, and 
on September 19, 1881, a special election was held and 
Stephen A. Lester elected, 1881, 1882; A. M. McCoy, 

1883, 1884; J. M. Weakly, 1884, resigned April 30, 

1884, and A. M. McCoy appointed; D. C. Weaver, 
1885; Charles Pearce, 1886-1889; John A. Kile, 1890- 
1892, 1899; Thomas Dolby, 1893- 1896; Frank Slosser, 

1897, 1898, 1900- 1901. 

Bridge Turner and Lamp Lighter: The old cov- 
ered bridge was built about 1847 or 1848, and was torn 
down in 1887. In March, 1887, council agreed by reso- 


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lution to employ a competent person to turn the bridge 
then to be erected over the canal on Main street. The 
following persons have served as bridge turners : John 
Cramer, 1887, 1888, 1897, 1898; M. Codner was 
elected in 1889 but refused to sign the contract, when 
Joe Miller^ was elected, 1889; Erasmus Friend, 1890- 
1892; W. E, Thompson, 1893-1895; A. H. McBriar, 

October 13, 1892, thirty-five street lamps were pur- 
<:hased and Joe Miller employed to light them; on No- 
vember 5 W. E. Thompson elected, 1892-1896; John 
Cramer, 1 897-1 901. 

Janitors of the Tonn Hall: James R. Littleton, 
1876-1877; J. W. Click, 1878; John Black, 1879, 1882, 
■1883; John S. Patrick, 1880, to July i, 1882; Silas 
Montgomery, 1884, 1885; Jacob Reed, 1886, 1887; 
John Cramer, 1888- 1898, 1901 ; Sylvester Carruthers, 

Coimcilmen : Council met at various places. We 
made a note of a few of these, as follows : At A. Shoe- 
maker's house, 1847; ^r- ^' Clark's office, 1850-1851 ; 
Henry Long's office, 1850 ; Paul & Fuller's office, 1850 ; 
E. W. Edward's office, 1852 ; Z. P. Thompson's office, 
1857. Samuel Sharp, 1847-1848; E. M. Dutton, 1847, 
resigned November 20, 1847, ^^^ Wm. Toy appointed; 
Dr. J. P. Bywaters, 1847; C. J. Stevenson, 1847; W. 
W. Mitchell, 1847; Jacob Anderick, 1848, 1849; Jo- 
seph Cherry, 1848, 1849; A. Willie, 1848, 1849; Sa- 
lem A. Darnell, 1849-1851 ; W. C. Furgeson, 1849- 
1851 ; L. Sarber, 1850, 1851 ; Jonathan Watson, 185CK 
J852; E. W. Edwards, 1851-1852; J. K. Low, 1852- 
1853; J. Rawn, 1852-1853; John Todd, 1852-1853 
A. C. Headly, 1853-1854; Dr. G. L. Smith, 1853-1854 
Wm. Cater, 1853-1854; G. J. Stevenson, 1854-1855 


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Geo. McCormick, 1854-1855; James Sandy, 1854- 
1860; Chas. Campbell, 1855; Jeremiah White, 1855- 
1856; Thos. Champe, 1855-1856; Jiles Weaver, 1856- 
1861 ; Lew Shirey, 1856-1875 ; Moses Zinn, 1856- 
1857; S. E. Adams, 1857-1858; A. C. Swain, 1857- 
1858; J. Burgett, 1858-1859; G. C. Smith, 1861-1862; 
Casper Limpert, 1863-1864; M. Codner, 1865-1866; 
C. P. Dildine, 1865-1866; Solomon Woodring, 1866- 
1867; W. H. Pyle, 1866-1867; S. A. Peters, 1866- 
1878; W. R. Kaufman, 1866-1867: Geo. Welsh, 1868- 
1869; John Corbett, 1868-1869; Henry Fulton, 1868- 
1869; John Byrne, 1869-1870; M. K. Earhart, 1869- 
1870; Wm. Chandler, 1869-1878; John F. Wilder- 
muth, 1870-1887; J. Rodenfels, 1871-1872; G. W. 
Kalb, 1871-1872; W. L. Powell, 1875, 1878, 1879; 
Morris Kile, 1878-1880; S. Allen Peters, died April,. 
1878, and Morris Kile appointed; Henry Long, 1878- 
1881, died 1881, and at a special election held May 3,. 
1881, G. S. Dildine and Geo. Adel each received 54 
votes ; lots were cast and Mr. Adel won ; Geo. Adel^ 
1881, 1882; W. L. Powell, 1875-1879; Z. C. Payne^ 
1878-1882; G. S. Dildine, 1879-1880; J. S. Patrick, 
1875-1881; Dr. J. H. Saylor, 1875, 1880-1881, 1887- 
1888, 1896-1899; S. E. H. Kile, 1881-1884; Theo. 
Faulhaber, 1 881- 1884, moved away and a special elec- 
tion was held November 15, 1884, and J. O. Rarey 
elected; Wm. Mason, 1882-1887, 1889-1892, moved 
away and J. C. Coon appointed ; Mr. Coon declined to 
serve and then Jas. D. Rarey was appointed ; Wm. C. 
Gill, 1882-1887; C. P. Long, 1883-1884; Chas. A. 
Williams, 1883-1885, resigned March 23, 1885; John 
O. Rarey, 1884, 1895-1896; Jethro Denton, 1885-1896; 
Mr. Keller, 1885-1886; James K. Chaney, 1886, 1896- 
1898, resigned June 13, 1898, and E. P. -Dildine ap- 


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pointed; Mr. Dildine declined to serve, then David 
Downhour was appointed ; John L. Chaney, 1887-1889; 
Adam Shaner, 1887-1888; D. F. Karnes, 1888-1889, 
1892-1893; Richard Copeland, 1888-1891 ; Moses W. 
Darst, 1 889- 1 890, resigned and R. F. Dildine appointed 
June 26, 1890; W. H. Zinn, 1890-1891 ; L. F. Powell, 
1890-1891, 1897-1900; A. M. Senter, 1891-1894, 1896- 
1900; Dr. C. R. Clement, 1892-1895; W. R. Smith, 
1892-1895; Jas D. Rrarey, 1892-1893; John C. Coon, 
1894-1895 ; Frank E. Williams, 1894-1895, 1901 ; Chas. 
R. Behm, 1896-1898, resigned August 29, 1898, and R. 
F. Dildine appointed, 1899-1900; James Strode, 1897- 
1898; David P. Downhour, 1898-1901 ; J. H. Dunklee,. 
1899-1900; F. M. Strickler, 1900-1901 ; John Sims, 
1900-1901; W. H. Hewetson, 1901 ; Chas. D. Rarey,, 

Business Enterprises* 

In the following list of the business enterprises of 
Groveport it has been the object of Mr. A. M. Senter — • 
who arranged and gathered the items together from 
many different sources — to take up one line of busi- 
ness and trace it by the successive firms occupying the 
different buildings. In many cases it was next to im- 
possible to get exact dates, consequently very few are 
mentioned : 

Dry Goods (General Stores) : Warehouse build- 
ing—Coy. & Wert, 1833; J. B. Wert; Kooken & Ra- 
rey ; Rarey, Courtwright & Co. ; Sharp & Ewing ; Sharp 
& Paul; Sharp & Vogel, 1854-1858; Headly & Eberly, 
1848-1851 ; Samuel Sharp & Co., 1852-1854; Long & 
Ewing, 1851-1852. Wert's old Building — J. B. 
Wert ; Darnell & Co. Simms Building — C. W. Fur- 
geson, 1842. Dildine & Tussing Corner — Gares & 
Taylor, 1847-1851; Chapman & Smith, 1851-1853;. 


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Weaver & Champe, 1853-1865. PostoMce Building — 
Darnell & Co., 1847, failed in 1851 ; A. C. King, A. 
Hughes, 1860-1863; Mrs. Hughes & (Harrison) 
Dunn, 1863-1864; Dunn & Long, 1864; A. J. Van- 
wormer, Mrs. A. J. Vanwormer, Shed Kramer, Adam 
Havely. Campbell Hotel Building — Leonard Sar- 
ber. Darnell & Co. had their store in the house now 
owned by A. M. Senter during the time they were 
erecting the postoffice building. 

Grain : J. B. Wert, Rarey, Courtright & Co., Sharp 
& Paul, 1848; Long & Paul, Chas. Campbell, McCor- 
mick & Stimmel, John Conn, Samuel Sharp, 1860- 
1863: Dildine & Peters, A. B. Rarey & Co., A. L. 
Shride, Henry Long, A. O. Mauck, O. P. Chaney & 
Co., 1880- 1898; C. P. Long, C. S. Herr & Co., 1898- 

Flouring Mills: Rodenfels, (Moses) Seymour & 
Co. (Peter Brown), 1871 ; Zinn & Kile, Northrop 
Bros., Burke & Foster, Nitterhouse & Pitzer, A. B. Ra- 
rey, Smith, Dildine & Co., Hewit, Decker & Co., A. O. 
Mauck, 1884. 

Hotels : Campbell House — John Champe, Isaiah 
Brown, Wolf Bishop, Finks, Chas. Gordon, Ja- 
cob Wagner, Daniel Mclntire, G. S. Dildme, Woodring 
& Cherry, G. S. Dildine, Michael Keller,. Chas. Camp- 
bell, A. H. McBriar, G. W. Shaw, Frank Wise, Mrs. 
Codner and Arthur Lodge. Pozvell's House — (west 
'end) James Fleming. Madison House — (now Mrs. 
Henry Long's residence, then stood on Main street) 
Peter Rawn, Jacob Kauffman. Corbett House — Mi- 
chael Corbett. 

Drugs: A. E. Swaine, John Swaine, John Byrne, 

Limpert & Byrne, Vance, C. Black, J. O. & F. 

S. Rarey, L. E. Eyeman, Wm. R. Smith. 


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Harness : C. J. Stevenson, B. F. Townsend, L. W. 
Hampson, John Allen, W. L. Powell, John Sidner,. 
Chas. Hunter,W. H. Zinn, C. Black. 

Shoemakers: Thomas Champe, George Crooks,. 
George Champe, Jacob Burgett, Jeptha King, Ephram 
Edwards, Chaney Himrod, Wm. Durant, W. Horsey, 
L. Hedrick, H. Fulton, E. Cassidy, John Cassidy,. 
Frank Slosser. 

Tailors: George Feam, Jacob Rawn, 

Jewett, Al. Fearn, Wm. Cater, A. Hughes, Jas. Ban- 
num, Jas. Littleton. 

Blacksmiths: Jacob Andrie, Wm. Funk, James 
Dutton, Lewis Shirey, M. Shirey, Isaac Williamson, 
H. Moore, Israel Swisher, Leonard Sarber, W. R. 
Kauffman, Wm. Thompson, Eli Remalia, Philo Wil- 
liams, Wm. Hunter, Samuel Longebach, John Lynch, 
Michael Kramer, Chas. A. Williams, Thomas Thomp- 
son, Frank E. Williams, Joseph Nailer. 

Wagon Makers: Dutton, Jacob Jones, 

James Stevenson, Steele, Smith, Smith 

Allen, George Rei, X. S. McCormick, L. A. Guerin,. 
John Durritt, Samuel Webster, Orin Mansfield, R. R. 

Saw-Mill: Moses Zinn, Wm. Chandler, Wm. 
Mason, W. H. & J. P. Rager, Zinn, Kile & Mason, 
George Mansfield. 

Boat-Dock Proprietors: Jonathan Watson, Wm. 
Chandler, Wm. Sharp. 

Dock-Carpenters: Chas. Washbume, Sylvester 
Hunter, George Bailey, Bailey, Daniel Wash- 
bum, Wesley Sandy, James Sandy, Isaiah Cook, John 
Fry, Joseph Cherry, Wm. Chandler, Asa Houseman, 
H. Sanford, Thomas Jones, Jacob Reed, J. Williamson, 
Benj. Callahan, Z. Eddy. 


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Coopers : U. Jenkins, O. W. Durant, Kinsey Tan- 
ner, Jonathan Jones, Thomas Thompson, Gilbert 
Thompson, Wm. James, J. R. Smith, George Darnell, 
Tolbert, Philip Smith, A. Sandy. 

Brick Yards'. John Champe, Proprietor; 

Boner and James Synder, Molders ; Atchinson, 

Prop. ; Temple, Holder ; Bywaters & Thomp- 
son, Props. ; O. Bamhart and John Ell, Molders ; Jona- 
than Watson, Prop. ; Wesley Sandy, O. Barnhart, John 
Paul and Wm. Blakely, Molders; Fearn & Watson, 
Props. ; Wm. Blakely, Molder ; Wm. Blakely, Prop, and 
molder ; Wm. Mason, Prop. ; John Nichols, O. Bam- 
hart and J. R. Smith, Molders; Mason & Kauffman, 
Prop.; Noah Hummell, Molder; McCoy & Nichols, 
Propr. ; John Nichols, Molder ; Wildermuth & Senter, 
Props. ; O. Barnhart and John Nichols, Molders ; John 
F. Wildermuth, Prop.; John Nichols, Molder; J. M. 
Kelley, Prop. ; John Nichols, Molder. 

Bricklayers: Wm. Blair, Sr., was the first brick- 
layer in Groveport and laid the brick in the first build- 
ings; Daniel Campbell, John Wallace, Sr., Benj. Gares, 
John Wallace, Jr., Robt. Campbell, Edw. Campbell, M. 
F. Sandy. 

Tile Yard: Was established by Kile & Mason in 
1876; Moses Zinn bought Wm. Mason's interest in 
1877; Wm. Mason bought out Zinn & Kile in 1882 
and has conducted the business ever since, with the ex- 
ception of three years, April, 1893-April, 1896, when 
Marion Corwin had the yard leased. 

Saloons: Woodring & Sarber, J. Butler, Robt. 
Kile, Limpert & Corwin, Moore & Corwin, Marion 
Corwin, Alva Harris, H. Bomstein, Wm. Harmon, E. 
Senfer, Milt. Miller. 


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Undertakers and Cabinetmakers : A. Willie, 1842- 
1855; Moses Zinn, 1855-1864; Black & Black, 1875- 
1901. ^ (Moses Zinn owned the first hearse.) 

Attorneys-at'Law: M. S. Hbit, Z. C. Payne. 

Tannery : S. Clippinger, Prop., 1848 ; C. H. B. Sul- 
livan and Peter Reeves, Tanners. 

Tombstones: Geo. Welsh, John M. Strickler. 

Groceries, Warehouse Building : C. Limpert, J. H. 
Feam (1860-1862), McCormick & Fearn (1845); 
Simms Building, Wash Simms, George Dildine ; Old 
Limpert Building, McCormick & Stimmel, John Todd ; 
Miller Saloon Building, C. Limpert (1859), Limpert & 
Brown (1861), Limpert & Feam (1865), McCormick 
& Stimmel ; PostofHce Building, H. Mansfield, Kelley 
& Kile, Kelley & Coon, John C. Coon ; Dildine & Tus- 
sing Building, Cor. Main and College streets, John 
A. & James A. Kile, James Seymour, C. E. Seymour, 
Jacob Dildine, Kile & Woodring, John F. Wildermuth 
(1867), Kindler & Williams (1880), Samuel Kindler 
(1884), Rarey, Add & Co., Dildine & Tussing; Build- 
ing near Township House, near Cor. Main and Center 
streets, John Conn, J. H. Fearn, D. C. Weaver; Fal- 
hqber Building (it stood just west of Town Hall), 
Theo. Falhaber, Gilbert Sims (was moved across the 
street), then Wm. Kelley, L. Kallies, Joseph Kelly, 
Kelley & Vogle, W. B. Vogle; Town Hall, Theo. Fal- 
haber, Falhaber & Black, C. Black, Jr., Black & Rarey 
Bros., A. M. & J. D. Rarey, Jos. K. Rarey. J. Nafzger 
kept a grocery in the basement of A. M. Senter's resi- 
dence, 1848-1852 ; A. J. Vanwormer one in the brick 
residence now owned by Anna Wallace on Blacklick 
street. C. C. Weaver kept the first temperance grocery 
in the east room of the Dildine & Tussing Building, 
J. K. Rarey in the Powell Building. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


Hardzvare: Bigelow & Powell, Geo. W. Bigelow^ 
L. F. Powell, W. H. Zinn, Caruthers & Dorer, Caruth- 
ers Bros. ^ 

Tinners: Chas. Campbell, L. F. Powell. 

Carpenters: Moses Zinn, Snyder Gares, H. O. 
Glick, Geo. Rowland, Pierce ShocHey, Fred Fink- 
binder, W. C. Gill, Chas. D. Rarey, George Burgey^ 
Wm. Burgey, Wm. Wildermuth, Frank Kineaster,. 
Samuel Stucky, David M. Willie. 

Painters: G. S. Nigh, John Gamblen, Wm. Or« 
mand, Schott Bros., James Hamler, Frank Strickler. 

Barbers: James Howell, Jerry Peister, Wm. An- 
derson, John Schultz, Samuel Jones, Frank Bowers, J. 
M. Kelley, Wm. Springer, D. I. Crossen, Frank Powell^ 
Wm. Peister, Wm. Howell, Byron Seymour. 

Pork Packers: J. B. Wert, Rarey, Courtright & 
Co., C. Limpert. 

Butchers : Thomas Hughes, Wm. Watson, Thomas 
Champe, Robt. Burnham, S. S. Senter, (F. M.) Senter 
& (G. S.) Dildine, A. D. Kraner, Z. D. Dildine, A. M. 
& R. L. Senter, Rarey & Dildine, A. N. Perrill, Jacob 
Dildine, (R. A.) Shaw & (Thos.) Decker, Jethro Den- 
ton. Henry Miller, John Lonas, Benj. C. Sims, M. H. 
Kelly, Cyrus Strader, John C. Coon, Dildine & Tussing, 
Henry Miller, Jr. 

Bakers: John Eagle (early date),.F. M. Senter 
(about 1864), J. F. Jones, Mrs. Iva Sharp, George 

Milliners: Mrs. Clarissa Searls, Mrs. Lovina Wil- 
liams, Mrs. Delilah Wildermuth, Mrs. Mattie Conklin, 
Misses Spencer & Weatherington, Mrs. Lizzie Piester. 

Cigarmakers: Wm. Loudenslager, The Diamond 
Stogie Co., F. S. Rarey, G. M. Rarey, Chas. P. Long,^ 
Wm. R. Smith. 


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Feed Mill: After the flour mills burned, A. O. 
Mauck started a feed mill in a building opposite the R. 
R. depot. The successive owners were : Moses Darst, 
J. P. Rager and W. H. & J. P. Rager, who removed it 
to the old schoolhouse building. Soon after they 
burned out and W. H. Rager rebuilt it. Now operated 
by E. J. Bennett. Wm. Leyshon occupies the building; 
opposite the depot, dealing in coal and grain. 

Wm. Blair, Jr., and Fred Finkbinder built many of 
the post and rail fences in Madison township. 

Plasterers: John Yourd, Samuel Getty, Wm. 
Funk, Chas. Herrick, John Cunningham, John Cun- 
ningham, Jr. 

Physicians and Surgeons: Abel Clark, J. B. By- 
waters, G. L. Smith, Hugh L. Chaney, Bolen, 

Tipton, J. F. Jones, Thos. Sparrow, R. Mor- 

den. Dr. McCollom, Peters, Taylor, C. 

R. Clement, McNeal, W. Hewetson, 

Green, Scully, Collison. 

D. Sarber, Bridge-builder; Elisha Stine, Mill- 
ziright; Geo. W. Lechner, Stair-builder; Weaver & 
Adel, Clothing Store, in Howell's shop; J. W. Conklin, 
Auctioneer; C. E. McComb, Grain and Stocks; S. E. 
Adams, Editor and Prop, of a Weekly Neivspaper, 
called the "Rose Bud,*' published in 1857. 

In 1856 the .following enterprises were located 
along the canal : At Blacklick street, Jonathan Wat- 
son's boat yard; at Elm street, Guffy's warehouse; at 
Hickory alley, Charles Campbell's warehouse; just 
north of the Main street bridge, M. Zinn's cabinet 
shop ; south side of Main street, Samuel Sharp & Co.' 
warehouse ; end of Cherry street, Mr. Sharp had an- 
other warehouse; south side of Cherry street, G. Mc- 

15 H M T 


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Cormick's warehouse ; Sugar alley/ A. W. Paul's ware- 
house ; Walnut street, W. H. Rarey's warehouse. 

Gfoveport Enterprises — J900. 

Edward Gares, Dry Goods, Shoes, etc. ; Dildine & 
Tussing, Groceries, Dry Goods, Shoes, Meat Market; 
Caruthers Bros., Hardware, Farm Implements, Har- 
ness, Seeds, etc.; J. M. Kelley, Restaurant; W. R. 
Smith, Drugs ; W. B. Vogle, Groceries ; Milton Miller, 
Saloon ; George Berger, Bakery ; Jas. K. Rarey, Gro- 
ceries; Frank M. Powell, Barber; John C. Coon, Post- 
master, Groceries, Shoes, Meat Market ; Geo. W. Bige- 
low, Hardware; Thomas Thompson, Blacksmith; 
Frank E. Williams, Blacksmith ; Joseph Nailer, Black- 
smith ; R. R. Paxton, Wagon Maker ; Orin R. Mans- 
field, Wagon Maker; John M. Strickler, Monuments; 
Geo. W. Shaw, Campbell Hotel; M. Corbett, Corbett 
Hotel ; Capt. J. V. Conklin, Livery and Auctioneer ; L. 
F. Powell, Tinner and Roofer; Henry Jones, Tinner 
and Roofer; Wm. Mason, Tile; A. P. Brown, Agent 
H. V^ R. R. and Telegraph Operator; Wm. Leyshon, 
Coal and Feed ; C. S. Herr & Co., Grain and Coal ; W. 
H. Rager, Feed Mill ; Geo. Mansfield, Saw Mill and 
Cider Press; E. Seufer, Saloon; Mrs. Lizzie Peister, 
Milliner; Miss Mary Kile, Dressmaker; C. Black, Sr., 
Harnessmaker ; Frank Slosser, Shoemaker; Wm. 
Howell, Barber ; Wm. Peister, Barber ; Chas. R. Clem- 
ent, Physician ; J. IL Saylor, Physician ; Walter Hew- 
etson. Physician; Fred Finkbinder, Carpenter; John 
Hunter, Carpenter ; George and Wm. Burgey, Carpen- 
ters; Frank Kineaster, Carpenter; Sarnuel Stuckey, 
Carpenter; Frank Strickler, Painter; James Hamler, 
Jr., Painter. 


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Groveport Brass Band, organized Sept. 7th, 1898: 
Wm. Caruthers, R. K. Caruthers, S. B. Davis, C. L. 
Jordon, J. H. Dunklee, L. C. Davis, C. F. Dolby, A. J. 
Jordon, L. A. Sims, M. F. Jordon, V. E. Lowery, Ray 
Teegardin, B. R. Seymour, J. E. Baitson. 

The Bell Telephone Line was established by Geo. 
H. Twiss, who represented Columbus citizens, in the 
summer of 1882. The office was located in Rarey 
Brothers' Drug Store. C. Black, Sr. — familiarly 
known as "Uncle*' Black — has been the operator for 
the past several years, the toll station being located in 
his harness shop. 

The Franklin Telephone Company (Citizens') es- 
tablished a toll station in Carruthers' store in January, 
1901, and on January 4, 1902, they opened the Ex- 
change, with W. C. Black, manager, and Nannie 
Simms, operator. The "Central" is located in the office 
building formerly occupied by Dr. Hugh L. Chaney 
and has thirty-one 'phones connected. 

Boaid of Health. 

The Board of Health was established on Nov. 12th, 
1889, with the following members : D. F. Karnes, C. 
Black, Jr., Adam Shaner, W. R. Smith, Richard Cope- 
land and Wm. Mason. On July 30th, 1891, Dr. Hew- 
etson and Wm. R. Smith were appointed for three 
years; Mr. Hewetson declined to serve and O. R. 
Mansfield was appointed ; D. F. Karnes and James K. 
Rarey for two years, Adam Shaner and R. F. Dildine 
for one year ; the latter declined to serve and Dr. C. R. 
Clement was appointed; Samuel Kindler was ap- 
pointed in 1892. The minutes of the Council of July 
9th, 1896, furnishes the following explanation : "The 
Board of Health of the Village of Groveport, Ohio, 


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having failed to meet in the last three years, has by the 
statutes of limitation become inoperative and ineffec- 
tive and of no force/' Mayor Shaw then appointed 
the following members : Dr. C. R. Clement and Chas. 
D. Rarey, for three years; R. F. Dildine and James 
Strode, for two years, and Edmund Gares and Phil C. 
Tussing, for one year. Jan. 13th, 1898, Frank Slosser 
was appointed in place of James Strode, who became 
a member of the Council, and James K. Rarey and 
Lyon Carruthers were appointed in place of Ed Gares 
and P. C. Tussing, whose terms had expired. In 1899 
the members of the Board were : C. R. Clement, Frank 
Schlosser, L. B. Carruthers, C. D. Rarey, R. F. Dil- 
dine and J. K. Rarey. 

Dr. C. R. Clement has served continuously as 
Health Officer since 1889. 

John A. Kile served as sanitary police 1889-^91 ; 
W. E. Tohmpson, i892-'93; R. R. Paxton, 1896-1901. 

Fires in Groveport. 

J. B. Wert's store and residence on the southwest 
corner of Main and Church streets was destroyed by 
fire in 1846 or 1847. 

Solomon Clippenger's tannery burnt in the spring 
of 1850. It was located on the west side of Walnut 
street, near the canal, and at the time of the fire a har- 
ness and saddler shop was connected with it. 

The barns of Abram Sharp and Casper Limpert 
burned in the spring of 1862. 

J. P. Arnold's residence, west of Groveport, was 
destroyed by fire on Saturday morning, Jan. 16, 1875. 

The old Laypole Rarey Academy building burned 
on September 30, 1879. 


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Rager's saw mill — formerly operated by Moses 
Zinn and later by Wm. Chandler — was consumed on 
Sunday morning, December 14, 1879. 

The Warehouse block, located on the south side of 
Main street, near the canal, was destroyed on June 17, 
1882. At the time of the fire it was owned by A. B. 
Rarey and was occupied by Thompson & Williams, 
"blacksmiths; O. R. Mansfield, wagon maker' and 
Jethro Denton, meat store. 

The Eldorado Mills, built by Rodenfels, Seymour 
■& Co., in 1871, on the west side of Front street and just 
north of the railroad tracks, was totally destroyed by 
fire on September 2, 1884. The fire was discovered at 
about eleven o'clock at night. On August 13, 1877, 
while Burk & Foster were operating the Eldorado 

Mills, the boiler exploded and a boy named 

Allen, aged eight years, was killed, and Addison Mc- 
Coy, the engineer, had his legs scalded. 

Dr. J. H. Saylor's bam burnt on February 16, 1897. 
This was a remarkable fire, as the Hotel barn, just 
across the alley, was saved by the bucket brigade, while 
the pine siding, on the side next to the fire, was half 
burned through. 


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"One day, through the primeval wood, 
A calf walked home, as good calves should; 
But made a trail all bent askew, 
A crooked trail, as all calves do. 

The trail was taken up next day 
By a lone dog that passed that way; 
And then a wise bell-wether sheep 
Pursued the trail o'er vale and steep, 
And drew the flock behind her, too, 
As good bell-wethers alw'ays do. 

And from that day o'er hill and glade 

Through those old woods a path was made; 

And many men wound in and out. 

And dodged, and turned, and bent about, 

And uttered words of righteous wrath 

Because 'twas such a crooked path. 

But still they followed — do not laugh — 

The first migrations of that calf. 

And through this winding woodway stalked. 

Because he wabbled when he walked. 

This forest path became a lane. 

That bent, and turned, and turned again. 

This crooked lane became a road 

Where many a poor horse, with his load. 

Toiled on beneath the burning sun, 

And traveled some three miles in one, 

And thus a century and a half, 

They trod in the footsteps of that calf." 

— Sam Walter Foss. 



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The eariy roads were located without the least re- 
gard to straight lines, for there were many swamps 
which had to be avoided ; consequently, the bridle paths 
that wound about on the higher ground — marked by 
blazed trees — through the deep shade of the dense for- 
est became the pioneer roads, and are in many instances 
even yet followed in their zigzag windings. The first 
road to be located through this township was what is 
now called the Columbus and Lancaster pike, via 
Groveport and Lithopolis. '*At a session of the asso- 
ciate judges of Franklin county, held on September 8th, 
1803, the following action was taken, on the prayer of 
a petition signed by a number of citizens of this county, 
praying for a view of a road leading from the public 
square in Franklinton, out of said town on the Pickaway 
road, thence the nearest and best way to Lancaster, in 
Fairfield county, until it intersects the line between the 
counties aforesaid. Ordered that the prayer be granted 
and that John Brickell, Joseph Dickson and Joseph 
Hunter be appointed viewers of said road. It is fur- 
ther ordered that Joseph Vance be appointed surveyor 
to attend said viewers, and that he make a survey and 
report thereof to our next January term." Martin fur- 
ther says : "This road was made to cross the Scioto at 
the old ford below the canal dam and pass through the 
bottom fields (then woods), to intersect what is now 
the Chillicothe road (Parsons avenue) south of Sew- 
art's Grove.'* A number of years later — through the 
influence of Edward Courtright, John Chaney, Joseph 
Wright and others — the old State road from Columbus 
to Winchester was located. The first bridge across Big 
Walnut on the line of this road was built of logs in 
about 1821 ; the floor "plank" was made of logs 8 
inches thick, hewed on top and bottom sides ; it stood 


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until about 1829, when the ice broke up on the creek and 
took it down with a great crash, the noise of which 
could be heard three or four miles away. The bed of 
Big Walnut creek was then along the bank, within one 
hundred yards of McGuffey's house. Not much that 
is complimentary can be said of the first fifty years of 
road-making in the township. As soon as the rainy 
weather would set in the roads would become next to 
impassable and remain so until late in the following 
spring ; then there were scarcely any bridges, so travel, 
except on horseback or afoot, was almost entirely sus- 
pended. A four or six-horse team and a '*prairie 
schooner," as the old Pennsylvania wagons were often 
called, stuck in the mud was a familiar sight and 
caused many a pioneer driver to give vent to expres- 
sions not found in his prayer-book. Many different 
plans and methods were employed, but the limited 
means at hand prevented anything permanent being 
accomplished. Often the residents in a neighborhood 
would turn out and make a corduroy road through a 
swamp or put up a temporary bridge of logs. 

The writer has before him a four-page pamphlet, 
entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Columbus, Win- 
chester, Jefferson and Carroll Road Company,'* and the 
following quotations will fully explain its object: "Be 
it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of 
Ohio, That (Dr.) M. Z. Kreider (Lancaster), Jacob 
Claypool, Geo. W. Meason (lived where Dressback 
Drum now lives), Wm. F. Breck (General Stone in 
Carroll), Oliver Tong (Carroll), John Chaney, (Dr.) 
Wm. W. Talbott (Jefferson), Barnhart Fellows (tav- 
ern in Jefferson), (Dr.) J. B. Potter, Henry Epiy, 
David Dixon, Reuben Dove and Samuel Taylor of 
Fairfield county and Geo. T. Wheeler, Zenas Collins, 


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Daniel Rislcad, James Suddick, Edward Courtright (on 
McGuffey farm), Daniel Handly, Alex. Mooberry 
(East Main street, Columbus), Geo. White (just west 
•of where N. & W. R. R. crosses Livingston avenue), 
(Dr.) Geo. Frankenberg (on Livingston avenue), of 
the county of Franklin and their associates, be and are 
Tiere^by created a body corporate, by the name of the 
Columlius, Winchester, Jefferson and Carroll Road 
Company, for the purpose of constructing a graded 
Toad from Columbus via Winchester, Jefferson and 
Carroll to Tallman's (Hooker's) in Fairfield county. 
* * * The capital stock shall be $10,000 in shares of 
$5 each. ♦ * * Said road shall be constructed as 
nearly on the ground now occupied by the State road 
leading from Columbus via Winchester to Jefferson as 
convenience and the nature of the ground will permit ; 
and thence by Carroll to Tallman's, as nearly as pos- 
sible, upon the ground now occupied by the present 
Toads between these points. * * * That said com- 
pany shall not at any time cause tollgates to be erected 
on said road, nor exact tolls or contributions from trav- 
elers thereon. * * * This act shall not become for- 
feited for non-user within the space of four years. 
Passed March 25th, 1841." On February 28th, 1845, 
by "act" of the General Assembly, the time of forfeit- 
ure was extended four more years. By 1850 this road 
was graded and bridges with wooden abutments had 
been erected. The State road was followed from Co- 
lumbus to a point between Jefferson and Carroll ( Als- 
pach's Corner) ; the State road was then open on past 
Jesse Brandt's, and at its intersection with the road 
from Betser's church and from Smaltz's church was 
called Five Points. 


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G>Iumbu8 and Groveport Pike* 

On March 19, 1849, ^^ **act" was passed incorpor- 
ating The Columbus and Groveport Turnpike Com- 
pany, to construct a turnpike road from Cokmibus to 
Groveport, with the privilege of extending it. The 
capital stock was not to exceed $20,000, in shares of 
$25 each. 

The incorporators mentioned in the act are : Wm. 
Harrison, Nathaniel Marion, Wm. H. Rarey, William 
Darnell, Edmund Stewart, Wm. W. Kile and their as- 

The organization was effected in April, 1849, when. 
John Sharp was elected President; John Cox, Secre- 
tary; Jacob Weaver, Treasurer, and Wm. W. Kile^ 
William Merion, Samuel McClelland, and perhaps 
others. Directors. John Cox was the surveyor, John 
Sharp, superintendent, and order number one was for 
$3 in favor of Moses Seymour for four days' labor as 
chainman, issued under date of September 15, 1849. 

The grading and graveling was divided into sec- 
tions and the following were among the contractors: 
Peter Marx, John Swisher, Jr., T. J. Bennett, Patrick 
McGuire and Luther Stafford. David Sarber repaired 
the bridge across Big Walnut, and Gidion Vandemark 
built a toll-house. In January, 185 1, Wm. W. Kile was 

Stock certificates to the amount of $14,400 were 
issued; it is said that the pike cost somewhat more 
than was subscribed, but that this amount was soon 
paid out of the earnings of the road. Stock certificate 
number one was issued to Wm. W. Kile for four 
shares, under date of October 9, 1851. Other' certifi- 
cates were issued, on various dates, on up to January 


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lo, 1853, to the following persons: Jacob Weaver, 8 
shares ; Lewis Hoster, 2 ; Joseph Schneider, 3 ; Jacob- 
Strickler, 4 ; Thomas F. Jones, 2 ; Peter Shaflfer, i ; 
Jacob Nafzger, 6; John H. Earhart, 4; Edmund Stew- 
art, 4; Amor Rees, 8; John Bachman, 8; Chas. Obetz, 
8 ; Edminson Earhart, 4 ; Wm. Merion, 8 ; John Case^ 
4; Moses Seymour, 4; Harmon Dildine, 20; Conrad 
Born, 7 ; Jacob E. Baylor, 2 ; James Bayley, 2 ; Lincoln 
Goodale, 8 ; Oliver P. Hines, 3 ; Jacob Hare, 4 ; Charles 
Scott, 4; Ridgeway & Co., 12 ; R. W. McCoy, 10; John 
Swisher, 8 ; Abram Sharp, 8 ; Wesley Toy, 4 ; Samuel 
Parsons, 14 ; Cyrus Fay, 7 ; Dwight Stone, 7 ; Lincola 
Kilboume, 6 ; Jacob Arnold, 8 ; G. Horiger, i ; Nicho- 
las Maurer, 8; Lewis Shirey, 2; Gares & Taylor, 4; 
Abram Shoemaker, 4; James D. Osbom, 8; John 
Sharp, Jr., heirs, 8 ;'Alfred P. Stone, 4 ; Wm. A. Piatt, 
4 ; John Yenner, 2 ; Wm. Jones, 2 ; Thomas & Starling, 
2; John L. McElvaine, 2; Philip Baker, 2; David 
Spade, 2; Thomas Moodie, 12; Jacob Anderick, 20; 
Samuel E. Kile, 4; Samuel Sharp, 26; Wm. Toy, 18; 
Joseph P. Bywaters, 8 ; Daniel Eswine, 4 ; Elias John- 
son, 4; Wm. Riley, 4; James R. Paul, 16; Charles Pon- 
tius, 32; Benjamin W. Townsend, 8; Jeremiah Clark, 
4; John W. Baker, 4; Dwight Stone & Co., 12; Joseph 
Rodenfels, 2; George Machold, 4; Wm. H. Rarey, 20; 
Frederick Swisher, 8; George Kanamaker, 2; C. J. 
Stevenson, 4; Lorenzo Porter, 4; John Stirling, 2; 
Abram Sharp, 18; Philo B. Watkins, 4; Jacob Stimmel, 
Jr., 4; John Sharp, 22; Rollin Aloler, 4; Jacob Shultz, 
4; Ann Katharine Rarey, 24; John Ostott, 2; Wm. 
Merion, 2 ; Lewis Mills, 4, and Eli Gynne, 20. 

The stock soon became valuable as an investment 
and gradually drifted into the hands of Columbus capi- 
talists. Semi-annual dividends at the rate of 6 per cent.- 


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were paid in May and November on up to 1881 ; from 
1882 to 1885, 4 per cent., and in 1893, 5^ per cent, was 
paid the stockholders. 

The treasurer's statement in 1875 shows the follow- 
ing receipts and expenditures: Receipts, Gate No. i, 
^1,166.50; Gate No. 2, $706.30; a total of $1,872.80; 
paid to stockholders, $864.00; taxes, $68.50; rent to A. 
Sharp, $6.00; J. Stotzenberger, $128.00; directors' ex- 
penses, $25.00; repairs, $246.70; gate-keepers, $432.00; 
balance in treasury, $50.00. 

The gate-keepers were paid $18 per month. Joan 
•Geary kept gate No. 2 for many years — 1869 to Feb- 
ruary, 1887, when she was succeeded by Jack Thomp- 
son. D. Palsgrove kept gate No. i from 1869 to April 

1, 1 87 1, and was succeeded by Josiah Brink, who con- 
tinued to keep it for many years. The last gate-keepers 
were Jack Thomas, gate No. i ; James Gisler, gate No. 

2, and Henry Batzeson, gate No. 3. 

Wm. Merion was treasurer for many years and was 
succeeded by Washington S. Johnson on Jan. i, 1887. 

On March 23, 1887, ^^^ affairs of the stockholders 
was put into the hands of a receiver and Washington 
S. Johnson was appointed receiver. In the spring of 
1890 a proposition that Franklin county purchase the 
toll roads in the county was submitted to the voters. 
The vote on this proposition in Madison township was : 
Groveport precinct, yes 6, no 390 ; Winchester pre- 
cinct, yes 30, no 242. 

Mr. Johnson continued to operate the turnpike as a 
toll road, expending all the receipts in expenses and 
improvements until November 2, 1897, when the bridge 
over Big Walnut was burnt. Some time after the 
^commissioners of Franklin county paid the stock- 
holders one thousand dollars for the improvement and 


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the stockholders transferred their interests to the 
county. The substantial new iron bridge was erected 
in 1898 at a cost of $25,905.00. 

Gfoveport^ 'Wlnchestef and Lancaster Pike* 

In the spring of 1863 subscription lists were circu- 
lated to build this turnpike from Groveport to Hook- 
er*s. The following is a list of the subscribers and the 
numbers of shares, twenty-five dollars constituting a 
share. Groveport list : John Rager, 20 shares ; Jacob 
Arnold, 4 ; Dr. H. L. Chaney, 4 ; Dr. G. L. Smith, 5 ; 
Samuel Sharp, 4; Moses Seymour, 10; Andrew Wil- 
son, 8 ; B. C. Sims, 2 ; R. F. Dildine, i ; C. E. Sey- 
mour, 8; H. C. Mason, 2; John S. Rarey, 8; Phil C. 
Tussing, 4; Moses Zinn, 4; Abraham Sharp, 4; Ruth 
Seymour, 4; Adam Smith, 4; Jackson Smith, 3; H. 
Hendren, 2 ; S. O. Hendren, i ; Wm. Mason, i ; John 
Smith, 2; G. S. Dildine, i. Winchester list: John 
Chaney, 40 shares; John Helpman, 12; Samuel Bartlit,. 
12; o!^ P. Chaney & Bro. (E. K.), 24; E. B. Decker, 
12 ; R. Trine, 8 ; M. Allen, 8 ; John R. Wright, 8 ; M. C. 
Whitehurst, 8; C. W. Speaks, 4; David Gayman, 4; 
S. W. Dildine, 4; G. M. B. Dove, 4; J. W. Hische, 2; 
A. Hathaway, 4; C. Gayman, 6; Daniel Gayman, 4; 
H. W. Shaffer, 4 ; Henry Will, i ; L. T. Carson, i ; 
Henry Harpst, i ; J. T. Flinchbaugh, i ; C. B. Cannon, 
I ; Wm. P. Miller, i ; Jacob Dauterman, i ; John M. 
Schoch, 6; Daniel Bergstresser, 2; Elijah Dove, 8; 
Rev. James Heffly, 2 ; I. L. Decker, 4; Dr. A. A. Short, 
8; James McKelvey, 2; John Miller, i ; Geo. Derr, 2; 
Jacob Carty, 8 ; Dr. G. W. Blake, 3 ; John Kissel, i ; 
H. J. Epply, 2 ; A. M. Selby, i ; John Gehm, 3 ; Jacob 
Zarbaugh, 2 ; Jacob Harbaugh, i ; Peter Weber, i ; E. 
H. Walden, 2 ; W. J. Meeker, 4 ; John Kramer, 4 ; Chas. 


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Brown, Sr., 4; Wm. Cater, i ; Amon Algire, 4; John 
Schrock, 4; Samuel Deitz, 4; Daniel Foor, 4; Sylves- 
ter Foor, 4; M. & C. C. Schrock, 4; Peter E. Ehren- 
liart, 2 ; Jacob Bott, 4 ; Jacob Sarber, 2 ; Geo. Powell, 
:2; D. C. Sarber, 2; James H. Somerville, 2; John G. 
Brunner, 4; M. G. Stevenson, 4; Frank Armpreister, 
4 ; John Robinson, 4 ; Henry Zarbaugh, i ; Jacob Bren- 
ner, 12; John Armpriester, i; Wm. Leight, 4; Henry 
Fictore, 4; Geo. Loucks, 16, and Ervin Moore, 4. 

There were subscription lists at Jefferson, Carroll, 
Meason's and Lancaster, in all $17,750.00 was sub- 
scribed. The officers were : John Chaney,. president ; 
E. E. Meason, secretary; John Helpman, treasurer. 
After Mr. Meason's death August Shearer was elected 
secretary. John Robinson was the contractor. A toU- 
^ate was established at Winchester, and Jacob Zar- 
baugh, Sr., appointed gate-keeper. He lived on lot No. 
32, where Mrs. Sarber now lives. A building, for- 
merly used as an office by John Helpman, when hi9 
lumber yard was still on the south side of the canal, 
and which stood on lot No. i, was moved along the 
pike just in front of Mr. Zarbaugh's house and served 
as a toll-house. Later this building was removed across* 
the creek; the roof was removed to allow it to go 
through the bridge; later, Ervin Moore purchased it, 
together with the toll-house that was erected at the in- 
tersection of the pike and the Lithopolis road and re- 
moved them about one-ofurth mile further east, where 
they still remain. Other gate-keepers were Geo. Hott 
and Mrs. Red. A gate was established at the Empire 
Mills and Granville Derr and John A. Wilson were the 
keepers. Mrs. Frances Sarber served as gate-keeper 
for many years at the Groveport gate. The first bridge 
on this road across Little Walnut creek had an abut- 


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ment in the middle of the creek and consisted of only 
heavy stringers and floor. The present bridge was 
erected in the early fifties. The levee at the Winches- 
ter bridge was built in the spring of 1896 and the stone 
dressing was put on in the following fall. 

Coltsmbus and 'Wmchester Pike* 

The Columbus and Winchester Turnpike was built 
in 1865. The following is a list of subscriptions, viz: 
John Butler, $200; E. Ergdon, $100; A. Gray, $200; 
Wm. Bulen, $500 ; John Swisher, $400 ; Thomas Nee- 
dels, $500 ; Wm. Whims, $300 ; J. S. Stevenson $200 ; 
David Martin, $200; Geo. T. Wheeler, $100; Samuel 
Detwiler, $200; Jacob Bowman $200; Thomas Gray, 
$300; Abraham Lehman, $750; J. B. Potter, $300; 
George Needels, $250; P. Gray, $200; Geo. W. Nee- 
dels, $250; James H. Marshall, $100; John Heil, $100; 
Bennett Thompson, $100; Sylvester P. Stevenson, 
$100; Wm. D. Needles, $100; W. S. Clymer, $100; 
Samuel G. Carson, $100; James Needles, $100; Henry 
Wenger, $100; Jacob Bott, $50; Samuel Wheeler, 
$100; Peter Bott, $100; Samuel Ferguson, $100; J. J. 
Shearer, $50; John Schrock, $100; Charles Brown, 
$100; Whitehurst & Carty, $300; Tallman, Steven- 
son & Co., $300; Arrion AUgire, $100; D. & C. Gay- 
man, $50; Daniel Bergstresser, $50; O. J. Brown, $100. 

The road was operated as a toll road until 1888, 
when it was turned over to the county commissioners, 
and the toll-gates were removed. 

The photograph of the wrecked bridge that spanned 
Big Walnut on the Columbus and Winchester pike was 
taken on March 23d, 1898, the next day after it was 
washed from its abutments. It was built in 1850 or 
'51 by David Sarber and George Meyers. John G. 


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McGuffey, Esq., says "Up to 1853 all the water in Big: 
Walnut came alon^ south of the road as-«ow located, 
up to the foot of the hill on which father's old house 
stands and then ran south fifty or sixty rods, and then 
bore west until it passed the west line of my grand- 
father Courtright's farm ; in 1853 or ^"54 it began tc^ 
wash a channel where it now runs. 

The present bridge was built in 1899, and cost 
$28,598.00. For several months, during the spring and 
summer of 1898 while the bridges on both the Grove- 
port and Winchester pikes were out, travel was very 
much inconvenienced, except at such time when the 
water was at a low stage, when a ford was used near 
the Groveport pike bridge and another about half mile 
north of the Winchester pike along the road through 
the land of Samuel Brown. 

'Walnut Creek and Groveport Pike* 

This road was built as a free pike by taxation— one 
mile limit. Chas. Pontius Sr., Thomas Fagan and 
Charles Rohr were the directors ; it was built in 1882 
at a cost of about $2,100 per mile and extends from 
Groveport to the south township line a point just west 
of the Hopewell Church. 

Union Grove Cemetery Road. 

In the spring of 1892, Hon. B. F. Gayman, a mem- 
ber of the Legislature, introduced a "Bill" which be- 
came a law March 3d, 1892, authorizing the commis- 
sioners of Frankin county, to levy a tax and build a 
road from Winchester to Union Grove Cemetery, "at 
an aggregate sum not to exceed ten thousand ($10,000) 
dollars.'* The contract for its construction was 
awarded to Michael Corbctt, of Groveport. Work on 


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its construction was begun in the following September 
and it was completed in November of the same year, at 
a cost slightly exceeding the appropriation. The four- 
foot brick walk along the stone curb called for in the 
original specification had to be omitted in order to keep 
within the limit of the appropriation. Mr. Cayman's 
bill contains a very wise provision for keeping this 
road in repair : "And for keeping said road, side-walk 
and curbing in good repair, said commissioners shall, 
when necessary, levy a tax not to exceed one-fortieth 
of a mill, on said taxable property of said county." 

Within the last few years, through the discussions 
at Farmers* Institutes, and at the Grange, and the in- 
troduction of the bicycle, a new era of road-making 
has appeared. Now there is a commendable rivalr}' 
between road districts and even between townships and 
counties, to build the most durable and srghtly bridges 
and road beds. 

16 KMT. 

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'* spinsters fair and forty, 
Maids in youthful charms 
Suddenly are cast in — 
To their neighbor's arms! 
Chidren shoot like squirrels 
Darting through a cage; 
I/nt it delightful, 
Riding in a stage.'* 

— Ohio Statesman. 


The nearest post-offices for the first few years 
were Franklinton and New Lancaster. Whoever went 
to Franklinton—where most of the settlers of this town- 
ship got their mail — would get the mail for his whole 
neighborhood. During the winter when the streams 
were swollen it was often several weeks before any one 
could go. 

The first post-road through Madison township was 
established in 1814. Hon. James Kilbourne, then Con- 
gressman from the Fifth Ohio District published a cir- 
circular under date of September 8, 1814, announcing, 
among others, the establishment of a post-route "from 
Athens, by New Lancaster, to Columbus," The cir- 
cular does not state, but very likely the mail was not 
carried oftener than once a week. In 1822 the mail 
was carried three times each week, arriving in Colum- 
bus, on every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, and 
leaving every Monday, Wednesday and Friday. These 


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early mails were carried on horseback, the post-boy 
usually tieing his letters up in his handkerchief, and 
when delivered to the post-master were carried about 
in his hat to be handed to their owners as he chanced 
to meet them, — a primitive free delivery as it were. 

The post-man — whether a footman, horseman, 
stage coach driver, and we might include the modern 
railway conductor, has always attracted a crowd, "who 
hungrily devour and retail the budget of gossip 
brought from the outside world." The post-man car- 
ried a tin horn which he blew on his approach to the 
post-station ; this custom was continued by the coach 
driver and is continued by the steam whistle of the 
locomotive. It is said some of the mail carriers could 
blow very musically sounding tunes on their tin horns ; 
each particular post-man could be distinguished, as the 
small boy can now tell the number or name of the 
locomotive, by its whistle. 

For many years there was no regularity in the ar- 
rival of the mails; they were sometimes, especially in 
the winter, two or three weeks late. To satisfy a de- 
mand for the more certain and speedy transmission of 
important messages the Express-post was established ; 
this system provided that horses be stationed every ten 
miles. The post-boy who carried the letters in a bag 
or valise thrown over his shoulders, was required to 
make the ten miles in one hour, It took but a moment 
to dismount and remount at the different stations. Let- 
ters carried by express-post cost from two to four 
times the usual postage. 

Wm. Neil and A. I. McDowell established a tri- 
weekly stage coach line between Lancaster and Colum- 
bus via Courtright (Greencastle) Centerville (Lithop- 
olis) and Middletown (Oregon) in the summer of 


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1827. It is very probable that coaches ran at ir- 
regular intervals as travel demanded some years earlier 
than the above date. The terrible condition of the 
roads during the winter season prevented travel ex- 
cept afoot or on horseback. 

The following paragraph appeared in the Ohio State 
Journal, Friday, December nth, 1829 and is quoted in 
Capt. Lee's History of Columbus. 

**Unparalleled Expedition. By the extraordinary 
exertions of the Ohio Statge Coach Company, the Pres- 
ident's message, which was delivered at Washingtcwi 
City, at twelve o'clock, noon, on Tuesday last, was re- 
ceived at our office at fifteen minutes before eleven 
in the evening of the following Wednesday, having 
traveled the whole distance between the two places — 
estimated at about four hundred and twenty miles — 
over excessively bad roads, in the space of thirty-four 
hours and forty-five minutes — a performance unparal- 
leled in the annals of traveling in this section of the 

Another example of rapid travel is quoted from the 
Ohio Statesman of December nth, 1846: 

**Unparalleled Speed. The President's message was 
received on the western bank of the Ohio River, oppo- 
site Wheeling, by the Ohio Stage Company, at thirty- 
five minutes past one o'clock, P. M., on Thursday, and 
was delivered at Columbus at ten minutes past eight 
o'clock the same evening, having been conveyed from 
Wheeling to Columbus — 135 miles — in the unparalleled 
short space of six hours and a half/' This was the last 
President's message before the establishment of the 

In 1849, Darius Talmadge, who owned the line be- 
tween Columbus and Lancaster and H. T. Hoyt, who 


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owned the line between Lancaster, via Logan and 
Athens to-Pomeroy established a daily coach line be- 
tween Columbus and Pomeroy, xia Oregon and Li- 

In 1850 W. B. & J. A. Hawks secured the contract 
for carrying the mail over this route. • 

In i860, McClure & Rice became the mail carriers 
and run daily coaches via Winchester ; after about one 
year they were succeeded by W. B. & J. A. Hawkes 
who continued the line up to the time when the Hock- 
ingf Valley railroad began running trains. In April, 
1864, just when the passengers got aboard of one of 
the four horse coaches in front of the Commercial Ho- 
tel in Winchester, the horses suddenly started to turn, 
when the coach was upset. There were twelve pas- 
sengers on the inside and seven on top, besides the 
baggage. No one was seriously hurt. 

The late Col. Ferdinand F. Rempel of Logan, O., 
kindly furnished the following very interesting items 
in regard to the coach line of which he was the pro- 
prietor. "I think it was in 1855 that I first became in- 
terested in the line between Lancaster and Logan and 
soon after in the line between Lancaster and Columbus, 
and finally in a through line to Pomeroy, purchasing 
the running stock of the Ohio Stage Co., of which 
Judge P. Van Trump was the president, and Daraias 
Talmadge was a large stock-holder. In making that 
purchase, I connected the Columbus-Lancaster line 
with the Hocking Valley, Athens and Pomeroy line, 
making it a through route from Pomeroy to Columbus. 
Part of the time H. T. Hoyt and myself had a joint 
interest in the same, until some time in 1865, when 
I sold to Col. C. H. Grosvenor and Thos. Beaton, that 


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portion from Athens to Pomeroy, and they conducted 
the same up to the time when the railroad was built. 

I had 96 horses on the entire line ; 16 between Lan- 
caster and Columbus where we used four-horse Troy 
coaches. On the line between Lancaster and Logan 
we ran two dailies in summer, and one daily in winter, 
using four-horse coaches, fancy platform wagons or 
omnibuses as roads would warrant. The line between 
Logan, Athens and Pomeroy was served with two- 
horse hacks ; in the winter season this route was very 
difficult to serve, owing to the very bad clay hills be- 
tween Athens and Pomeroy. I employed on the 
through lines from twelve to sixteen drivers and stable 
men. The speed was at an average of six miles per 
hour on fair roads. We had a general agent at Lan- 
caster, John Borland, who served as such for twelve 
years on my line. The proprietors of the hotels where 
the stage offices were located received the fare, and 
settled for it every three months. 

Among the best known drivers were Andrew J. 
Sickles, E. McFarland, Milton Myers, Henry Bimpel, 
John Plunk, Wm. Kruse, Wm. Bowen, Wm. Black- 
haus, Fred Klein, Louis Whetzle and Rufus Snively, 
(passenger conductor on the Hocking Valley R. R.) 

During the time of my running the lines, the 
coaches carried a substantial iron safe, in which the 
funds were safely conveyed from station to station, 
supplying the banks, etc., the Adams Express Co., be- 
ing in close connection with the lines, myself sharing 
the express charges. Part of the time the coaches ran 
via Lithopolis and later by way of Canal Winchester. 
It was at the time that W. B. & J. A. Hawks owned the 
Columbus and Lancaster line that the Hon. A. Mc- 
Veigh and son lost their lives by an upset near Win- 


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Chester and the damages paid amounted to several 
thousand dollars. It was during my ownership that 
driver Stutser lost his life by the running away of a 
four-horse coach team at Lancaster. 

The fares of my lines were very remunerative, and 
during my fourteen years of ownership without losses 
or damages to passengers." 

The accident to which Col. Rempel refers, hap- 
oened on Friday evening, September i6th, 1864, at a 
point east of Peter Brown^s barn near the small bridge, 
Hon. A. M. McVeigh, a prominent attorney and pol- 
itician of Lancaster, Ohio, who was to make a speech 
at Lancaster that evening was instantly killed, his son 
was so badly injured that he died that same evening, 
and an old lady's injuries proved fatal on the following 
Monday morning. It is said "the coach was over- 
loaded and the driver was drunk.'* 

Col. F. F. Rempel still has one of the old blank 
way-bills in his possession. The driver carried one of 
these from the starting point through to the end of the 
route. At each station he presented it to the agent, 
who would enter the number of passengers, destination, 
fare, etc., that started from his office and also noted 
whether the number of passengers arriving corres- 
ponded with the way-bill. The agent also made out a 
duplicate record on a separate sheet which he depos- 
ited into a locked pocket that was permanently fast- 
ened at the front end of the coach and only opened at 
the terminals. From the record of those reports the 
settlement with the different agents was made every 
three months. There were nineteen stations on the 
route from Athens to Columbus. Lithopolis was No. 
17, Groveport, No. 18. 


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The following extracts from Rides and Instructions 
for agents of RempeVs Mail Coach Line from Athens 
to Lancaster and Columbus, reveals some of the prin- 
cipal features of travel by coach half a century ago. 

'* Names of passengers, in no instance, are to be 
entered on the Way-bill, TO PAY, neither FREE.*' 

**Any person traveling by Stage, whose name is not 
regularly entered on the Bill, is not to be suffered to 
proceed, unless he exhibits, at the different offices on 
the route, a written permit, dated at the office from 
whence he left." ** Passengers having more than 40 
pounds of baggage, are liable to be charged at the rate 
of one seat for every hundred pounds excess, at any 
office between Columbus, Lancaster and Athens, where 
it may be ascertained." **A11 baggage is at the risk of 
the owner." "Agents will pay particular attention to 
the proper entry and forwarding of express goods, and 
make charges, discretionary, for the same, on the Way- 
bills, according to the value, size and weight of such 
goods, and the distance. The following rules and rates 
for forwarding money and other valuable packages to 
be strictly obeyed : On all sums less than $100, twenty- 
five cents; on all sums upwards of $100 and less than 
$1,000, fifty cents ; on all sums upwards of $1,000 and 
less than $3,000, one dollar: on all sums upwards of 
$3,000 and less than $5,000, one dollar and fifty cents ; 
on all sums above $5,000, at the rate of fifty cents per 

"Agents must in no instance receive packages without 
they are properly sealed, and, receipt for them "Said to 
contain," as the proprietor only agrees to deliver the 
package as received — seals untouched — either to the 
parties on Remoel's route, or, if ordered to any other 
point on any other route, deliver the same to the Ad- 


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ams Express Co for further forwarding. Agents can, 
bv Rempers express, forward packages to any point in 
the United States, Canada, or Europe; also take for 
collection money due, which will receive prompt at- 

' "Persons desiring their friends or relations from 
any foreign port brought to the United States, either 
by steam packet or first-class sailing vessels, or want- 
ing to forward friends to such ports, will please call 
at Rempers office in Logan, where arrangements can 
be made at reasonable rates." 

**Agents must receive only par funds for fare and 
charges — the Proprietor will not be responsible for un- 
current money taken." 

**In no instance allow mechanic's bills — for repairs, 
horseshoing etc., — to be charged in account, but have 
such charges paid immediately when the work is done. 
All charges between Proprietor and Agents to be made 
on the Way-Bill, and such to be settled at the expira- 
tion of each quarter year." 

**The keys belonging to the office and coach safes 
should be carefully guarded, and only placed to be 
handled by the Agent, as the loss of such keys would 
subject us to change the locks." 

''Every Way-Bill to be examined carefully on each 
arrival, in order to ascertain if the number of pas- 
sengers are entered correctly, and all way- fare entered 
on the Way-Bill." 

"No intoxicated passenger to be admitted on the 
coaches when objections are made by any other pas- 
senger." "Ladies, in every instance, are entitled to a 
choice of seats." 

"Passengers who have paid for their seats on a 
regular mail coach or hack, should have them reserved, 


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in every instance, without the through-passengers take 
up all such seats in passing the way-offices." "Pas- 
sengers who have paid the fare for their passage, and 
accidentally be not ready when the conveyance is off, 
should in no instance have their fare refunded, but 
courteously be entitled to same passage on some other 
trip." "No passengers are entitled to seats in coaches 
until fare be oaid in full." Make engagements for ex- 
tra coaches, carriages, etc., at reasonable rates, and 
inform the Proprietor as early as convenient what size 
coach or hack you have agreed to furnish, and the 
time it is to reach your office, also the number of pas- 
sengers and the price agreed upon for such extra ser- 
vice. You will be subject to no disappointments in 
making such arrangements." "Drivers are not per- 
mitted to carry way-passengers past any regular stage 
office on the route-fare unpaid. Agents will in every 
instance report such failures. All reports by Agents 
will be strictly confidential." "Report to the Logan 
o.-ice the chanees that may take place in your Rail- 
Road departures and arrivals, in order to connect 
coaches accordingly." 

In about 1850 Abraham Hunsicker was running a 
daily hack line between Winchester and Columbus, via 
Groveport. He used a team of dun horses. In 1854 
Jacob Direling was running the same line ; still later, 
Daniel Lethers was the proprietor and Wm. Wilson 
the driver. In the fall of 1857, while the road was 
very bad, Mr. Lethers would leave the coach at Grove- 
port and transport the passengers and baggage by boat 
to Winchester. On the evening of November 18, it 
being a stormy and -dark night and the boat being de- 
layed, Mr. Lethers went to the first lock to meet it and 
get the lock ready, when, in some way, he fell into the 


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canal and was drowned. Mr. Wilson continued as 
driver until McClure & Rice started their line, when he 
became one of their drivers. 

In the "forties*' Heil Brock way operated a daily 
packet line between Cleveland and Lockbourne, with 
headquarters in Winchester. The horses went in a trot 
and were changed at regular stations. The packet 
boats were built quite narrow for speed and were com- 
fortably fitted up for passengers. During the time this, 
line was in operation Winchester had daily mails. In 
about 1850 James Cannon, Sr., carried the mail on 
horseback along the towpath between Winchester and 
Lockbourne, receiving the mail at Groveport and mak- 
ing three trips a week. Paul Samsel was also a mail- 
carrier over this route. Later, Winchester got its mail 
from Lithopolis, the government Star Route providing^ 
for three mails a week and the citizens providing the 
means to get it daily. 

According to "Kilbourn's Gazetteer," there were 
postoffices at the following neighboring places in 1841 1 
Talbotts (Jefferson), West Carrollton (Carroll), 
Courtright (Greencastle), Oregon (Middletown), 
Pickerington — called Jacksonville until 1828, when the 
name was changed — Wert's Grove (Groveport). The 
postoffice at Waterloo was established in 1839 ^^^ r^" 
moved to Winchester in 1841. 

The rates of postage were quite different at an 
early day from those which prevail to-day. The post- 
age on letters depended on the distance — thus, for a 
letter fifty rniles or less, 6^ cents ; over fifty and under 
one hundred miles, 12^ cents; between one hundred 
and fifty and three hundred miles, 18J cents ; over three 
hundred miles to any office in the United States, 25 
cents. Two sheets folded together was counted as a 


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double letter and double rates charged. The rates were 
changed from time to time ; for awhile the rate for all 
letters was lo cents, then 5 cents ; then, on March 3rd, 
185 1, the three-cent stamp was introduced. Prior to 
this, few persons paid the postage in advance ; the price 
was marked in one corner and paid by the person re- 
ceiving it. As I write there lies before me a number of 
letters received by Nathaniel Tallman during the years 
1847-185 1 with the price of the postage marked upon 
them. The uniform postage from Cleveland is 5 cents, 
and on one from Philadelphia, Pa., which contained a 
canceled note, the postage was 20 cents. Among them 
is also the first three-cent stamp, received under date of 
Aug. 12, 185 1. No envelopes were used; letters were 
written on two or three pages of the folded sheet, the 
fourth or outside page was left blank for the address 
and then so folded as to allow the blank page to form 
the whole outside of the letter. Perhaps few persons 
now living remember how to fold up a letter in this old 
way. Small thin wafers were sold at all the stores with 
which the letters were sealed by simply moistening 
them with the tongue. 

Registered letters were authorized March 3, 1855. 

Postal cards, costing one cent, were authorized on 
June 8, 1872, and first issued in May, 1873. 

Postal notes were first issued in September, 1883. 

A postoffice and station was established at Edwards 
soon after the Hocking Valley Railroad was built. 
John G. Edwards, John W. Edwards and Levi S. John- 
son were the successive postmasters. The office was 
discontinued in the fall of 1895. , 

A postoffice was established at Zimmer in March, 
1 89 1, and George C. Zimmer was appointed postmaster 
on March 13 and the office was opened for business on 


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May I of the same year. Mr. Zimmer continued as 
postmaster until February i, 1901, when the office was 

In March, 1888, a daily mail route was established 
between Winchester and Cedar Hill, with two daily 
trips between Winchester and Lithopolis. G. T. Clover 
was the first carrier. Later that part of the trip be- 
tween Lithopolis and Cedar Hill was transferred to 
the Carroll and Cedar Hill route. 

Rural Free Deliveiy* 

In 1896 Congress appropriated $10,000.00 to test 
Rural Free Delivery. On October 6, 1900, Route No. 
I from Groveport was granted and Wm. J. Peters ap- 
pointed carrier. Service was begun on October 15, and 
on October 10, 1900, Routes No. i and No. 2 from 
Winchester were granted and put into operation on 
November i with Chas. B. Lecrone carrier on No. i 
and Geo. E. Smith carrier on No. 2. Route No. 2 from 
Groveport was granted on December 11, 1900, and was 
put into operation on January 16, 1901, with Geo. W. 
Preston as carrier. Route No. 3 from Winchester was 
granted on November 19, 1900, and John S. Lehman 
appointed carrier, who made his first trip February i, 

The following reports of the different routes for 
the month of March, 1901, may form a basis for com- 
parison in the years to come of this progressive move- 
ment, which is so rapidly gaining popular favor: 
Route No. I, Groveport, delkfered: Registered letters, 
2; letters, 583; postal cards, 237; newspapers, 4,155; 
circulars, 485; packages, 60; total, 5,520. Collected: 
Registered letters, 2; letters, 502; postal cards, 117; 


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•circulars, 23 ; packages, 5 ; total, 658. Delivered and 
•collected, 6,178. 

Route No. 2, Groveport, delivered: Letters, 756; 
postal cards, 269; newspapers, 3,949; circulars, 404; 
packages, 78; total, 5,457. Collected: Registered let- 
ters, 3; letters, 531 ; postal cards, 97; newspapers, 11 ; 
packages, 1 1 ; total, 674. Delivered and collected, 

Route No. I, Winchester, delivered: Registered 
letters, i ; letters, 450; postal cards, 178; newspapers, 
2,262; circulars, 417; packages, 93; total, 3,401. Col- 
lected: Money orders, 5; letters, 369; postal cards, 
65 ; packages, 6 ; total, 543. Delivered and collected, 


Route No. 2, delivered : Registered letters, 2 ; let- 
ters, 603; postal cards, 173; newspapers, 2,212; circu- 
lars, 127; total, 3,189. Collected: Registered letters, 
6; money orders, 5; letters, 446; postal cards, 76; 
newspapers, i ; packages, 14; total, 548. Delivered and 
collected, 3,737. 

Route No. 3, delivered : Registered letter, i ; let- 
ters, 326; postal cards, 67; newspapers, 1,726; circu- 
lars, 208 ; packages, 58 ; total, 2,386. Collected : Let- 
ters, 252 ; packages, 2 ; total, 283. Delivered and col- 
lected, 2,669. 

In the above tables the daily newspapers which are 
received by mail on the Groveport routes are included, 
while the dailies on the Winchester routes are received 
by express and are, therefore, not included. Route No. 
I carried 468 ; Route No. 2, 468 ; Route No. 3, 208, dur- 
ing the month of March. 


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"Down aroun' the depo' when the keers come in, 
What a hustle an* a bustle an' a clatter and a din, 
Engine kinder puffin', an' a blowin' off its steam. 
Drayman sorter fussin' an' a cussin' at his team. 
Boy a sellin' papers an' a shoutin' out the news, 
'Nother one a waitin' fer to blacken up yer shoes. 
Ain't like any other place 'at I have bin, 
Down aroun* the depo' when the keers come in." 

"Down aroun' the depo' when the keers come in. 
People there a-meetin' and a greetin' of their kin, 
Some are disappointed like an* lookin' kinder glum, 
Some a-sorter wishin' their relation hadn't cum, 
The joyful, the sorrowful, the sober an' the gay, 
Kinder sorter mixi' up in every sorter way ; 
Lat o' folks 'at's bin away an' gettin' back agin, 
Down aroun' the depo' when the keers cum in." 

On April loth, 1834, two years before there was a 
mile of railway in the state of Ohio, Hon. John Chaney, 
then a member of Congress from this district, intro- 
duced this resolution : "Resolved, That the committee 
on roads and canals be instructed to inquire into the 
expediency of granting to the state of Ohio a quantity 
of unsettled lands in the counties of Fairfield, Hocking, 
Athens and Washington for the purpose of aiding the 
state in the construction of the Hocking Valley Rail- 
road from Lancaster to the Ohio river." (Congres- 
sional Globe, 1834, page 301.) 


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This resolution was referred to the proper com- 
mittee, but was left to die in their hands. This was 
at a day when the canals were more popular than rail- 
ways, besides it is said that Hon. Thomas Ewing — who 
was then called the **Salt Boiler'* — had interests in the 
salt wells at Salina and was, therefore, opposed to this 

Dr. Hugh L. Chaney is authority for the further 
information that his father expected to make provision 
in a "Bill" to be introduced — providing his resolution 
should receive favorable consideration — that should 
there be any surplus funds remaining after the railway 
was built, the same should be applied towards the erec- 
tion of a new capitol building at Columbus. 

Although the provisions of Mr. Chaney's resolution 
did not become a law, his foresight was prophetic, and 
most remarkable, especially when we remember that 
the first locomotive ever used in Ohio was not until 
July of 1837, and that there were no railroads into 
Columbus until February 22, 1850. 

On September 25, 1852, a public meeting was held 
at Nelsonville with a view to building a railroad to 
Columbus. Other meetings were held later, and con- 
siderable interest was stirred up along the proposed 
line. At a meeting held at Lancaster in the summer 
of 1853, subscription books were opened, but for some 
reasons the enterprise again failed. Thirty-two thou- 
sand four hundred dollars was subscribed at Winches- 
ter in the summer of 1853, under the following head- 
ing: "We, the undersigned, hereby subscribe to the 
capital stock of the Columbus and Hocking Valley 
Railroad Company the number of shares affixed to our 
names, respectively; and agree to pay said company 
the sum of fifty dollars on each of said shares in such 


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installments as may be required by the directors 
thereof. It is understood that the conditions of this 
subscription is, that the railroad of said company shall 
be located within one-fourth of a mile of Winchester, 
in Franklin county." Samuel Bartlit, 50 shares ; Wm. 
Fry, 50; J. B. Potter, 60; H. Tallman, 50; D. Berg- 
stresser, 20; Peter T. Krag, 10; John Helpman, 20; 
C. W. Speaks, 10; John Schrock, 10; M. Allen, 10;: 
H. J. Epply, 10; Daniel Gayman, 6; Reuben Dove, 20; 
A. Hathaway, 20 ; Thomas Patterson, 2 ; Ira Ricketts,. 
2; G. T. Wheeler, 10; A. I. Dildine, 4; A. D. Benadum,. 
20; J. W. Porter, 4; Aaron Fenstermaker, 4; Elias. 
Kemerer, 20; John Chaney & Son, 20; W. L. Steven- 
son, 20; M. C. Whitehurst, 10; Abraham Lehman, 20; 
Samuel Loucks, 40 ; John Kramer, 20 ; Nathaniel Tall- 
man, 20; George Faskett, 2; Chas. Brown, 4; Elijah 
Dove, 4; Isaac Kalb, 4; Abram Harris, 4; Henry Fic- 
tore, 2; Eli Zimmer, 10; Pitts Brown, 10; Andrew A. 
French, 10; David Kramer, 6; Ervin Moore, 6; Wm. 
H. Tallman, 10; Jacob Powell, 20; George Harmon, 
10; John Deitz, 4. 

This line was surveyed to enter Columbus from the 
East — leaving Groveport to the south, and going north 
of Asbury church. 

More or less interest continued until the spring of 
1864, when the Mineral Railroad was incorporated and 
surveyed. This survey went over two routes ; the one 
north of Asbury and the other by way of Groveport. 
In the winter of 1865-66 the agitation became active 
again and Winchester raised a subscription of 
$30,000.00 and Groveport one of $25,000.00. 

The citizens of Groveport, in order to secure the 
railroad, agreed to furnish the right of way from Big 

17 H M T 

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Walnut creek to Winchester, which they did at a cost 
to them of $7,500.00. 

In May, 1867, the construction of the road was con- 
tracted for with Dodge, Case & Co., track laying be- 
tween Columbus and Winchester began in the follow- 
ing November. On July 16, 1868, the first engine and 
car were run from Columbus to within about a mile of 
Winchester. Or. January 13, 1869, the members of 
the Legislature, state officers and others made a trip 
from Columbus to Lancaster, and the following day a 
free ride fromT^ncaster to Columbus and return was 
given the public. Free meal tickets were distributed 
on the train. Eighteen passenger coaches and box cars 
were completely filled, even standing room on the plat- 
forms was at a premium. The track was not well bal- 
lasted and the train had to run slowly. It was with 
great difficulty that the engine moved the train from 
Winchester, and when at a point about opposite Powell 
& Boyer*s tile yard they stalled. Many got off the cars 
and pushed and then ran along for quite a distance. 
Daily trains between Columbus and Lancaster began 
running on January 18, 1869. Trains began running 
to Nelsonville on August 17, 1869, and to Athens on 
July 25, 1870. June, 1867, the name was changed from 
the ''Mineral'^ to he Columbus and Hocking Valley. In 
1881 the Columbus and Hocking Valley, the Columbus 
and Toledo, and the Ohio and West Virginia Railroads 
were consolidated under the title, The Columbus, 
Hocking Valley and Toledo Railway Company. 

The railway conductor, like the coach driver of old, 
is a very important personage. He is charged with the 
safety of the traveler ; he must furnish every passen- 
ger a seat even when there is scarcely standing room ; 
he must listen to the cc«nplaints of the patrons, but is 


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helpless to remedy the evils complained of — ^he must be 
civil and courteous to the rudest and most offensive or 
hear the terrible ( ?) threat, "Fll report you/* whatever 
that means. His knowledge of, and patience in dealing 
with human nature, and especially his never-failing 
civility and gallantry to women commands the respect 
of every sensible observer. Among the passenger con- 
ductors well known to the public are: Geo. R. Carr, 
afterwards superintendent; Rufus J. Snively — who 
aided in the construction of the road and has been run- 
ning a passenger train ever since (Mr. Snively died 
Augfust lo, 1901) ; W. Shannon Josephs, Henry Kil- 
boume, Edw. Kilgore, Phil Thompson, Bert Barnes, 
James Galvin, W. C. Bennett, L. E. Brady and J. R. 
Smith. Nor must we forget Tommy (Wiley), the 

The agents at Groveport have been : Samuel Mc- 
Comb, A. Wilson, J. C. Hannum, A. W. Swisher, H. 
W. Zinn and A. P. Brown. At Winchester: A. B. 
Lucas, M. C. Whitehurst, November 15, 1876, to De- 
cember II, 1877; Gary D. Whitehurst, C. B. Tuttle, H. 
A. Thompson and Wm. M. Codner. 

When the railroad was first built, a switch was run 
down the west side of High street; one spur running 
along Whitehurst & Carty's warehouse to the canal 
and another crossing High street and running along 
the Chaney, Decker & Co.'s warehouse, the track 
through the basin being laid on trestle work and cars 
frequently stood on this track along the street. It was 
torn up in Augfust, 1876. 

Electric Lines. 

For several years previous to 1899 the building of 
an electric railway was talked of. 


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On June 26, 1899, The Columbus, Winchester and 
Lancaster Traction Company was incorporated by 
Thos. A. Simons, Richard E. Jones, David C. Beggs, 
Howard C. Park, F. D. Simons of Columbus, and 
Franklin Post and Theo. B. Beatty of New York City. 
On the same date The Columbus and Lancaster Trac- 
tion Company which had been incorporated about two 
months previous, and which had secured the right of 
way along the proposed route, applied to the Com- 
missioners of Fairfield county for a franchise to con- 
struct an electric line from Lancaster via Campground, 
Rock-mill, Greencastle, Lithopolis to Winchester. The 
latter company was represented by Judge D. Dwyer 
and Judge O. B. Brown of Dayton, Dr. F. S. Wagen- 
hals of Columbus and others, and was spoken of as 
the Dwyer line in distinction from the former com- 
pany which was known as the Simon's line. The rep- 
resentatives of both companies made an active effort to 
secure the franchise through Winchester and Grove- 
port laboring under the impression that such a recog- 
nition would be helpful in securing a favorable decision 
from the county commissioners. A special meeting of 
the Winchester council was called for July 5, 1899, at 
which representatives of both companies, as well as 
many citizens were present. The Columbus and Lan- 
caster Traction Co., presented a resolution establishing 
a route over Washington, West and Columbus streets, 
this the Columbus, Winchester and Lancaster Trac- 
tion Company zealously opix)sed. There seemed to be 
an almost unanimous sentiment in favor of the Dwyer 
people and the resolution was passed. On the follow- 
ing evening a citizens meeting was held and resolutions 
passed and a committee consisting of W. H. Lane Esq., 
James Palsgrove, E. C Cayman, Dr. L. W. Beery 


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and Dr. G. F. Owen, appointed with a view to "giving 
all the assistance possible" to the Columbus and Lan- 
caster Traction Company. 

On July 17, the Fairfield county commissioners in 
company with Judges Dwyer and Brown and citizens 
from Greencastle and Lithopolis went over the pro- 
posed route coming to Winchester late in the after- 
noon ; stopping at the residence of W. H. Lane where 
they were met by citizens of Winchester. 

On the following Tuesday, the commissioners went 
over the route by the way of Carroll, this being the 
one over which a franchise was sought by the Simon's 
people. On the following Friday the commissioners 
granted a franchise to the Dwyers. 

On August 7, 1899 an ordinance was passed by the 
council of Winchester granting the Dwyer's a fran- 
chise, stipulating that work must begin within four 
months from the time they obtain a continuous fran- 
chise from Columbus to Lancaster, and that cars shall 
be run at least six times each way daily. The fare 
was to be, from Winchester to Groveport or Lithopolis 
5 cents or 25 tickets for one dollar, fare to Columbus, 
one way 25 cents or round trip 40 cents ; Groveport to 
Columbus, one way 20 cents, round trip 35 cents. 

On August 18, 1899, the Franklin county com- 
missioners granted the same company a franchise ; this 
with the franchise granted by the council of Groveport, 
over Main street, on August 10, gave them a right of 
way over the entire route. 

Surveying and other work was begun, but by the 
fall of 1900 many questioned whether the road would 
be built, nothwithstanding the report that some $6,000 
or $7,000 had already been spent upon the project. 
During November and December, 1900, the Simon's 

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Company again made an effort to secure the franchise 
in Franklin countv, setting forth that the former fran- 
chise had become void, the road not having been be- 
gun by September i, 1900, as was stipulated in the 
franchise. Several hearings were had and considerable 
excitement aroused along the proposed route when 
finally the Simons people were granted a franchise; 
this was followed by the granting of franchises by the" 
council of Groveport, February 28, 1901, and by the 
council of Winchester, March 4, 1901. These fran- 
chises were similar to those granted the Dwyer Com- 
pany being over the same streets. Work was to be 
be^un by October i, 1901, and the road completed 
within one year. The cars were to be propelled by 
"electricity or other motive power except steam." 

While all this conjecture as to which company if 
either would construct and equip this road was hold- 
ing the attention of the people along the proposed 
route and of the press, a cloud of hope, at first "no 
bigger than a man's hand" appeared. The Scioto Val- 
ley Traction Company was incorporated September 8, 
1899, for $100,000.00 and sought a franchise from Co- 
lumbus towards Chillicothe; on December 19, 1900, 
the capital stock was increased to $1,000,000.00 ; and on 
January 7, 1901 a certificate of Enlargement of Pur- 
pose was filed. This latter contemplated the extension 
to Lancaster. 

Little attention was paid to this venture by the 
people down the Hocking Valley until it was discov- 
ered that they were quietly buying private right of way 
from the junction of the Groveport pike and the Nor- 
folk and Western Railway. Although many were 
skeptical, still the surveying and buying went steadily 
on during the summer of 1901, until September 5, 


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when the contract for grading the entire line was 
awarded to W. O. Johnson & Co., of Cedar Rapids, 
Iowa : the most skeptical now admitted that the pros- 
pects for the building of an electric line was now very 
encouraging. Work was at once begun, Mr. Johnson 
with his extensive outfit of teams, wagons, scrapers and 
camp outfits arrived soon after and by January i, 1902, 
the grading is well under way along the line. 

The council of Groveport granted the Scioto Val- 
ley Traction Company a franchise over Blacklick street 
on September 12, 1901, stipulating that the road must 
be completed within eighteen months from September 
I, 1901 ; Fares, through the village, single cash fare, 
5 cents, six tickets 25 cents, thirty tickets, one dollar. 


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*'Ah : never shall the land forget 

How gushed the life blood of the brave, 
Gushes warm with hope and courage yet 
Upon the soil they fought to save.'* 


It is practically impossible to get anything like a 
complete list of the Revolutionary soldiers buried in 
this township. This is equally true in regard to the 
names of those who served in the war of 1812 or in the 
Mexican war. 

The following is a partial list of those who enlisted 
for service in the Mexican war or who served in that 
war and were buried in this township: John Ford, 
John Ell, Harvey Johnson, David Tryne, Samuel Si- 
mons, Daniel Swisher, Isaac Tracy, Orange Barnhart, 
Jacob Mosier, Daniel Rowhan, John Nafzger, John 
Heston (Sergt.), James McKelvey, Peter Brown and 

Evidence is not lacking to prove that Madison 
township furnisher her full quota then as she also did 
in the war of the Rebellion and the late Spanish war. 

The writer has before him the commission of Wm. 
T. Decker as captain of the 4th Cavalry Company, 2d 
Brigade, 7th Division of the Militia of the State of 
Ohio, signed by the Governor, Joseph Vance, under 
date of November 2, 1838. This company was called 



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*'The Light Horse Company." The following is a par- 
tial list of members : Wm. T. Decker, captain ; Moses 
Groom, Ezekiel Groom, Wm. H. Rarey, Joseph Dil- 
dine, Laypole Rarey, Frederick Bunn, Wm. W. Kile, 
John W. Kile, John Algire, Charles Pontius, Parker 
Rarey, Daniel Rarey, Isaac Seymour, Harvey Decker, 
Jesse Welton, John Seymour, Jacob Lehman, Isaac 
Welton, Isaac McCormick, Adam Havely, Frederick 
Rarey, Isaac Hankins, John Hankins, Henry Dildine 
and Moses Seymour. 

At about the same time, another military organiza- 
tion flourished at Groveport, called "The First Rifle 
Company," or "The State Rifle Company." One of the 
^*events" in the life of these two companies was a sham 
battle in Rarey's Grove. The following is a partial list 
of the members of the "State Rifle Company": Jacob 
Weaver, captain ; Jacob Andrix, captain ; Adison Mc- 
Coy, lieutenant ; James Blakely, drummer ; Henry Dil- 
dine, bugler; M. K. Earheart, J. J. Miller, Thos. 
Champe, Geo. P. Champe, Jeremiah Kalb, Thomas 
Black, Henry Kraner, John Cox, Wm. Cox, John G. 
Edwards, Turner C. Hendren, D. C. Hendren, Kalita 
Sallee, John Clevenger, Wm. Clevenger, John Swisher, 
John Cross, Isaac Kalb, Amos Bennett, Thomas 
Blakely, George Blakely, George Miller, Nathaniel 
Champe, John Kiner, Wm. Nichols, John Swisher, 
Wm. Swisher, Aaron Kramer, John Hastings, Jacob 
Miller, C. P. Dildine, Solomon Woodring, Wm. Hop- 
kins, Elias Decker, Wm. Toy, Andrew Whims, Philip 
Shoemaker, Bilingsly Shoemaker, James Sherdon, 
Wm. Cramer, Albert Oglert, Albert Jenkins, Joseph 
Dildine, John Todd, Wm. Todd, John Townsend, Wes- 
ley Todd, John Allgire, Zacharias Algire, John W. 
Needels, John Bennett,' Frederick Swisher, Geo. 


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Brown, Jackson Carder, John Rathmell, Daniel Crouse, 

Marcus Richardson, John Rager, John L. Stevenson, 

James Stevenson and John Shoemaker. 

Along in the early "forties" (perhaps 1844 to 1846) 

a military organization flourished in Canal Winchester, 

known as 

Violet Guards. 

Among those most active in its organization was 
Jacob Schrock, although he was never a member, yet 
his was the only military funeral conducted by the 
company. He was buried in the Lutheran and Re- 
formed graveyard. A salute was fired over the grave ; 
quite a number of boys were sitting on the fence nearby, 
as boys will, and when the g^ns were discharged they 
were so taken by surprise that nearly all of them fell 
off the fence, backwards. The company met for drill 
on the last Saturday of each month ; at first, a fine of 
50 cents was assessed for nonattendance, but as many 
failed to attend regularly the fine was advanced to 
$1.50; after this the attendance was always good, as 
wages were only about 75 cents per day. On the re- 
turn from the Pleasant Run encampment of the regi- 
ment, held at Lancaster, Ohio, the driver of the artil- 
lery crowded the team onto the pony squad several 
times, to their great annoyance, when Captain Potter 
gave them orders to use their bayonets at the next 
offense. This they did as they were crossing a bridge 
near Lancaster, causing the team, cannon, driver and 
all to land upside down in the stream below, a distance 
of some six feet. A three days' encampment was held 
in Samuel Deitz's Grove, near Winchester. Their 
tents were made by the ladies of Winchester. White 
pants were worn on dress parade; elaborate helmets 
with bright shields and ostrich plumes, costing seven 


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dollars each, also added to their attractiveness. One of 
these helmets is in the possession of the writer, through 
the kindness of Mr. John Brenner. The following is. 
as complete a list of the officers and members of this, 
company as could be secured from surviving members ; 
no recoMs could be found : Dr. J. B. Potter, captain ; 
G. A. Finnefrock, first lieutenant; Mr. Finnefrock 
moved away and Isaac Titus was elected first lieuten- 
ant; John Hendricks, second lieutenant; Hinton Tall- 
man, color-bearer; Chas. B. Cannon, Joseph Miller,. 
Jacob Harbaugh and George Moore composed the pony 
squad ; John Brenner and John Carnes were the pion- 
eers; Geo. McComb and John Kissell, fifers; Jason 
Herrick and Henry Decker, snare drummers ; Emanuel 
Harmon, bass drummer, and the following privates: 
Ervin Moore, James B. Evans, Chas. Lethers, Henry 
Fictore, John Harris, Geo. Harris, Simon Hansha, Isaac 
Ebright, Levi Kramer, Geo. Moore, John Deitz, Silas 
Hirkins, Alex. Dunlap, Wm. Curtis, Joe Bennadum, 
Eli Boyer, Philo Williams, Henry S. Herrick, Henry 
Schrock, Henry Zimmer, Peter Bolenbaugh, Levi 
Moore, John Pearcy, Benj. Shoemaker, Sol. Gayman, 
Wm. Leight, Julius W. Hische, Simon Matthews, 
David Garling and Henry Epley. Geo. M. B. Dove 
and Joe S. Johnson were markers. 

Still another early military organization was what 
is now spoken of as Heston's Independent Company, of 
which John Heston was captain ; Samuel E. Kile, lieu- 
tenant; Wm. Blair and James Canode, fifers; James 
Blakely and Stephen McAdams, snare drummers ; J. L. 
Champe and Geo. Champe, bass drummers; James 
Sandy, Benjamin C. Sims, Orange Barnhart, Wm^ 
Blakely and others members. 


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During the time of the Mexican War nine different 
lx>ats were engaged to carry soldiers from Cleveland to 
Portsmouth. Among them was the "Scioto" — after- 
wards named the Ocean Wave — then owned and run 
by Chas. Campbell. The carpenters were just ready to 
raise the frame of Samuel Sharp's warehouse, south of 
Main street along the canal, when Captain Campbell's 
boat load of soldiers came along. The timbers being 
very heavy, the soldiers were solicited to assist, which 
they agreed to do, providing someone could be found 
to play the snare drum. James Blakely, then being a 
member of a military company, put on his uniform 
and, after the raising, accompanied them for some 

For the purpose of listing every man subject to 
military duty, the township was in 1863 divided into 
the following four military districts, viz. : 

Military District No. U 

Commencing at the Ohio canal at the east line of 
the township, then north to northeast corner of Section 
No. 18; then west to the original county line; then 
south to the Ohio canal; then down the canal to the 
section line between Sections No. 25 and No. 26 ; then 
^outh to the Pickaway county line; then east to the 
Fairfield county line; then north on said line to the 
southwest corner of Section No. 31 ; then east to the 
.southeast corner of Section No. 31 ; then north to the 
place of beginning. 

Militiamen of District No* U 

W. J. Meeker, J. D. Ordel, R. W. Bailey, J. W. 
Hische, Peter Weber, James Heflfly, John T. Flinch- 
taugh, C. B. Cannon, WilHam Palsgrove, Moses Gay- 


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man, C. P. Rees, William Dodson, Elijah Cassidy, 
John A. Rhoads, Christian Bickel, M. C. Whitehurst, 
James Cannon, M. E. Schrock, John Miller, Geo. Derr, 
M. G. Stevenson, M. Allen, Henry Kramer, Elijah 
Kramer, Robt. Moore, Wm. L. Wilson, A. Selby, Geo. 
M. Harmon, John Kissell, Jacob Dauterman, Henry 
Zarbaugh, A. A. Shortt, S. W. Dildine, J. W. Algire, 
A. B. Stevenson, G. W. Blake, W. P. Miller, A. Decker, 
Lewis B. Spangler, Henry Harpst, H. Will, John 
Trager, Peter Zarbaugh, Jas. H. Somerville, G. M. B. 
Dove, John Coleman, Jacob Harbaugh, Leo F. Carson, 
Chas. Zarbaugh, E. H. Walden, C. Gayman, David 
Cayman, L. C. Bartlitt, M. D. L. Schoch, Jacob Moyer, 
Jerry Kramer, Jacob Shearer, Daniel Gayman, Abram 
Lehman, Jr., Solomon Lehman, Benj. Lehman; Harri- 
son Tallman, Andrew Good, Is. Glatfelter, L E. Stev- 
enson, Chas. Bush, Amos Bush, Jas. Hamlin, Levi 
I^amer, Peter Brown, Jas. R. Algire, Emanuel Sparr, 
Henry Brown, O. P. Chaney, E. B. Decker, I. L. 
Decker, Cyrus Fultz, Irvin Fultz, Jas. Robinson, Jacob 
Kramer, Collin Schrock, David C. Sarber,^ John 
Karnes, G. G. Karnes, John Gehm, Samuel Harmon, 
Wm. Root, J. W. Meeker, Jas. McKelvey, Henry Shaf- 
fer, C. W. Speaks, Samuel Carty, Chas. Brown, Jacob 
Zarbaugh, A. C. Moon, George Krabbs, John Brixner, 
(jeo. Steman, Jacob Sarber, Lew Sarber, J. M. Black- 
wood, Samuel Runkle, Wm. Gladville, Godleib Cook, 
P. C. Harris, Levi Alspach, Malcolm Koch, Henry 
Hesser, S. O. Hendren, Jr., Wm. Mason, Wm. Far- 
rand, Geo. Farrand, Elias Decker, John Andrews, 
Simon Kissel Daniel Crouse, J. J. Cummins, Andrew 
Lehman, John Williams, Jr., Jacob Lehman, Wash 
Lehman, Geo. Long, Peter S. Long, J. W. Ford, B. F. 


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District No. 2. 

Commencing at the south line of township and the 
section line between No. ii and No. 12, thence north 
on said line to the Ohio canal, thence down the canal 
to Groveport Bridge, thence across the canal, thence 
west on the Columbus and Groveport pike to the west 
line of the township, thence south on said line to the 
southwest corner of the township thence east to the 
place of beginning. 

Names of militiamen in District No. 2: Nathan 
Toy, Chas. Toy, Irwin P. Swisher, H. C. Swisher, 
Chas. Saltzgeber, David Leigh, E. M. Strode, Thos. 
Begg, M. K. Earhart, Job Rohr, Phil Pontius, Lew 
Bunn, Ed Lincoln, F. G. Pontius, David Tussing, A. 
Wilson, Nathan Wahley, Hugh Travis, E. J. Decker, 
G. W. Canfield, J. F. Finks, John Hillis, F. Hefflinger, 
John Hefflinger, Daniel Sawyer, Adam Havely, Wm. 
Peer Jr., Wm. Vance, Wm. V. Decker, J. R. Harrison, 
Daniel Davis, Napoleon Davis, Nathan Vance, Wm. 
Cawthon, Wm. Seymour, J. Welt. Seymour, Thos. 
Seymour, Henry Farrand, Jacob Burger, W. H. Pyle, 
B. C. Sims, Sol. Mason, M. Corbett, James Bums, Pat. 
Lyons, A. F. Dildine, Jerome Thompson, Geo. Will- 
lams, C. P. Dildine, G. L. Seymour, Geo. Seymour, J. 
H. Evans, Volney Thompson, R. Blackwood, S. S. 
Crist, F. Cornell, C. P. Woodring, Chas. Williams, H. 
O. Clock, G. P. Champe, W. R. CoflFman, Z. D. Dil- 
dine, Aug. Weiman, G. W. Miller, E. P. Decker, Andy 
D. Kraner, Wm. McCarty, I. Hunter Rarey, Gamaliel 
S. Rarey, Lew Saltzgeber, John O. Honoman, Mart. 
Shiry, Joe Millizer, Robt. Thrush, Peter Egan, Simon 
Van Home, Marcus Nelson, W. S. Hopkins, W. H. 
Dunn, H. L. Chaney, Philo Williams, David Westen- 


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hover, Jno. Murphy, James S. Seymour, Allen Davis, 
Geo. Davis, Wm. Blakely, C. E. Seymour, Pat Corbett, 
I. I. Swisher, C. Black, Darius Cutshall, John Black, 
Joseph Caldwell, Henry Easterday, A. T. Carder, G. 
L. Smith, Ed Gares, J. H. Saylor, Steve Smith, Wm. 
Saltzgeber, Wm. Hanstine, Jacob Andrix, Thos Mur- 
phy, Joseph Crossley, John Cox Jr.,Malon A. Bishop, 
R. L. Willie, A. I. Conn, I. M. Lechner, A. J. Bishop, 
R. F. Dildine, Wm. Keelan, A. B. Rarey, Chas. Wal- 
lace, Jacob Glett, Gamaliel Giberson, J. Lincoln, Mart. 
Waltermire, W. R. Williams, Wm. Corbett, John 
Bishop, Jacob Yarger, J. P. Sharp, Wm. Sharp, A. G. 
Zinn, John S. Rarey, David C. Weaver, Chas. Will- 
iams, H. W. Rarey, John Hamilton, Adam Brinker, H. 


Military District No. 3. 

Commencing on the turnpike bridge in Groveport, 
thence northwest on said pike to the west line of the 
township, thence north on said line to the northwest 
comer of the township, thence east on the north line 
of the township to the northwest corner of section No. 
3, thence south on said line to the Ohio canal, thence 
down said canal to the place of beginning. 

Militiamen of District No. 3. 

John Nau, S. E. H. Kile, J. F. Kile, B. J. Dough- 
erty, R. A. Kile, John Townson, J. A. Gray, John 
Dinan, R. C. McGuffey, Clem McGuffey, Jerry Patsel, 
A. P. Needels, Zebidee Parrot, Ol. Codner, G. W. Nee- 
dels, Frank Kohlstein, Val. Zimmer, S. G. Carson, 
Michael Stevens, Ed Brown, Peter Sallee, Phil Swartz, 
S. P. Suddick, A. L. Suddick, P. E. Swartz, Adam 
Malee, John Heil, Richard Suddick, Wm. L. Carson, 
Michael Heil, Josiah Naftzger, John Dellinger, Daniel 


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Lones, Samuel Tobs, Samuel R. Helsel, Jacob Schleppi^ 
Phil Reinhart, David Spangler, John Reicelt, Christ 
Naftzger, E. G. Behm, A. Behm, Phil Schy, J. M. Di- 
viney, J. W. Dennis, Wm. Kramer Jr., Alex Hetchins, 
Adam Helsel, Nic. Helsel, G. W. Helsel, Geo. Emde> 
Joe Callis, Henry Brooker, I. W. Frey, John A. Kile» 
James A. Kile, Eph. Kissel, John Swonger, Robert 
Hedren, David Baugher, Wm. Townsen, Jacob Komp> 
Aug. Sallee, Al. Young, Syl. Carruthers, Jas. Savely, 
Jacob Miller, Wm. Kile, Harrison Dennis, J. H. Rees,. 
Geo. W. Townsen, G. L. Hendren, Wm. Hendren, 
Henry Whitzel, Isaac Hamler, John Salee, Geo. S. Al- 
gire, Thos. Pagan, J. F. Wildermuth, W. K. Cox, C. 
F. Needels, Meloy Townsen, P. M. Schockley, Wm. 
Shockley, Fred Fmkbinder, T. J. Harwood, Wm. C. 
Gill, J. H. Fearn, Levi Hedrick, H. F. Woodring, John 
Algire, G. S. Dildine, Noah McCormick, E. P. Decker, 
E. M. Welsh, R. E. Burnham, James Hamler, Isaac 
Hamler, Wm. Peters, David Mann, Simon Smith, J. 
H. Reed, John Reiling, J. G. Howell, W. H. Thomp- 
son,, Moses Zinn, F. M. Senter, A. M. Senter, Burton 
Carey, Isaac Carey, Michael Carey, John Nichols, Lew 
Shirey, C. W. Ferrington, Ed. Burden, J. H. Needels, 
W. D. H. Blair, J. L. Champe, Thos. Champ, Ralph 
Hanner, C. C. Weaver, A. Minor Rarey, A. J. Smith, 
Abe Sharp, N. Shepherd, W. H. Chandler, B. H. 
Karnes, Wm. Ewing, Ed CofFman, H. H. Hill, John 
Corbett, Henry Sanford, G. W. Blakely. John G. 
Sharp, H. P. Weaver, Israel Swisher, S. A. Darnell. 

Military District No. 4. 

Commencing on the Ohio canal, on the section line 
between section No. 2*] and No. 28, thence north on 
the said line to the north line of the township, thence 


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east on the said line to the northeast comer of the 

township, thence south on township Hne to the section 

line between Xo. 7 and No. 18, then west on said line 

to the original county line, thence south on said line 

to the Ohio canal, thence down the canal to the place 

of beginning. 

Milaiamen of District No. 4. 

John Smith, Adam Smith, Jacob Smith, Geo. B. 
Myers, N. Champe, E. K. Chaney, S. Wheeler, Samuel 
Shoemaker, David Martin, A. T. Brown, Samuel Fer- 
guson, R. S. Stevenson, Daniel Ketchner, N. A. Ste- 
venson, John Imbody, M. E. Kalb, F. Dochterman,, 
Chas. Whims, Samuel Swonger, H. M. Swanker, Wm.. 
Leidy, G. D. Leidy, Henry Leidy, A. J. Taylor, Abs. 
Bowman, Jacob Baughman, S. H. Whims, A. J. 
Whims, Allen M. Whims, C. C. Dill, Robt. Codner, 
Fin Ryan, Geo. Perrin, Wm. Bernard, T. B. Bennett, 
W. J. Godlove, Geo. Leidy, Jas. Sandy, C. N. Steven- 
son, Sol Alspach, Jonas Kissel, F. F. Myers, Wm. 
Sims, Lang Decker, P. C. Tussing, G. W. Taylor, J. T. 
Sims, O. J. Brown, Jas. T. Pearcy, Jacob Coble, Jerry 
Kissel, John Kissel Jr., Mark Codner, Levi Dochterman, 
Ed Shumaker, G. S. McGuflFey, Elisha Davis. Jas. 
Fagan, G. IL Dildine, Wm. H. Rager, Jacob C. Dil- 
dine, R. G. Dildine, John Shuman, Adam Rager, W. R. 
Kraner, Amos Alspach, S. J. Alspach, Daniel Wright, 
David Wright, Mart Detwiler, John Brant, Henry 
Swonger, Lsaac Kissel, Jacob Motz, John T. Wright, 
Wm. Imbody, Geo. Ruse, Chas. Bowen, Price Powell,. 
John Bricker, James Layton, Geo. Brown, Jas. D^ 
Brown, Samuel Brown, Burr Boliam, Ben Motts, John 
Cunningham, (ieo. Boham, Jacob Bowman, John 
Chaney, Isaac Lehman, Andrew Dobbie, Andrew 
Whims, John Bear, John Feasel, Jas. Imbodv, Geo. 

18 n M T. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


King, Jacob Alspach, Geo. Francisco, Jacob \'ande- 
mark, Geo. Vandemark, Noah Vandemark, W. K. Al- 
gire, Henry Algire, John O'Roark, Adam Frame, Wrn. 
Purdy, Jas. Pickering. 

In the spring of 1861, Dr. J. B. Potter and Philip 
Game recruited a company of some eighty men, with 
the understanding that Dr. Potter would be captain 
and Mr. Game and J. C. Forbes, lieutenants. Tho 
method pursued was to drive about in a wagon, with 
a flag, fifer and drummer and the general excitement 
incident to the war did the rest to fire the patriotism 
of those solicited. Lithopolis, Pickerington, and other 
towns were visited in this way. The citizens of Win- 
chester provided meals and lodging for the men for 
about a week, while Dr. Potter went to see the gover- 
nor about their enlistment and assignment. W^hen he 
returned on April 22, 1861, and reported that the quota 
of men needed was already supplied, they met on High 
street in front of Dr. Blake's ofiice and disbanded. 

In the summer of 1862, a meeting was held to for- 
mulate a plan to raise money to pay those enlisting 
from the township, a bounty. Under date of August 
7, 1862, subscription papers with the following head- 
ings were circulated : "We, the undersigned, each agree 
to pay the amount set opposite our names, to be equally 
divided between the volunteers, who have already, or, 
may hereafter enlist, under recent call of the Presi- 
dent, for the first 300,000 men, and who may be en- 
listed at this place, to be paid to each volunteer as soon 
as he is accepted in the service, providing, however, 
that not more than forty dollars shall be paid to each 
volunteer, but any excess, over and above the said 
forty dollars, shall be applied to the relief of the fam- 
ilies of said volunteers, or otherwise at the pleasure of 


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the donors." The writer has in his possession three 
different origfinal copies of these subscription papers. 
We present the names and the amount subscribed on 
these papers: First paper, M. C. Whitehurst, $50; 
Samuel Bartlitt, $50; Nathaniel Tallman, $50; Jacob 
Carty, $50; D. & C. Gayman, $100; W. L. Stevenson, 
$50 ; John R. Wright, $50 ; O. P. Chaney & Bro., $50 ; 
G. W. Kalb, $20; Jas. H. Somerville, $10; Samuel 
Hempy, $1 ,- Daniel Bergstresser, $10; Wm. Allen, $5 ; 
A. Hathaway, $5 ; A. B. Stevenson, $5 ; C. W. Speaks, 
$5 ; Jeremiah Kissell, $3 ; Dr. G. W. Blake, $10; E. B. 
Decker, $25 ; Michael Schrock, $3 ; Elihu McCracken, 
$50; John Helpman, $25; John M. Schroch, $10; A. 
C. Moon, $5 ; Dr. A. A. Short, $20; I. L. Decker, $10; 
Reuben Trine, $5 ; John Chaney, $50. Second paper, 
Jacob Yarker, $1; Jacob Koble, $10; A. WilH, $5; 
Moses Seymour, $20; T. C. Hendren, $40; Fred 
Rarey, $5 ; F. G. Pontius, $10 ; W. P. Toy, $5. Third 
paper, Jacob Arnold, $25 ; Moses Zinn, $50 ; C. P. Dil- 
dine, $100; G. W. Needels, $50; Wm. Pyle, $5; Jacob 
Swisher, $5 ; Fred Swisher, $25 ; S. R. Helsel, $5 ; Ja- 
cob Coble, $10. The whole amount subscribed was 
$1,229.00. E. B. Decker was elected treasurer and the 
following twenty-eight men, who had enlisted, were 
paid forty dollars each: J. B. Evans, G. W. Bethel, 
Benton Kramer, Henry Game, Lewis Bowen, D. D. 
Leady, Mart. Kramer, John H. Foor, Joe Miller, Sam- 
uel E. Wright, H. H. Kalb, Alfred Cannon, Eli Hol- 
bert, Geo. T. Wheeler, Henry S. Binkly, Wm. Del- 
linger, Israel Gayman, S. E. Bailey, Chas. F. Yost, 
David Yost, Wm. McCracken, Amos Leady, John W. 
Kile, John Warner, Enoch Needels, Lincoln Steven- 
son, John Rager and Jackson Blakely, all these men 
were from this township. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


In February, 1864, an organization was formed^ 
called "The Madison Township Military Bounty So- 
ciety for the relief of the township from the Draft/' 
Any one paying fifteen dollars, or more, into the treas- 
ur}'^ became a member, and it was resolved to pay each 
recruit who would credit himself to this township $100. 
C. P. Dildine president, A. Sharp secretary and John 
Helpman treasurer, were the officers. Local societies 
were formed at Groveport and Winchester ; the officers 
of the latter were E. B. Decker president, M. G. Ste- 
venson secretary, John Helpman treasurer. A solicitor 
was appointed for each school district. 

The following is a list of subscribers in February 
and ]March, 1864, and the solicitors by school districts. 

Fractional district south of Creek. Michael 
Schrock solicitor, Henry Kramer, Jacob Kramer, 
Lewis Kramer, John D. Ortel, Carl Schrock. 

District No. 19. Emanuel Sparr and Jas. Picker- 
ing solicitors, Irvin E. Stevenson, James Pickerings 
Emanuel Sporr, S. H. Tallman, Lee Kramer, Israel 
Glatfelter, Absalom Bowman, John R. Wright, Daniel 
Bush, EUzebeth Good, Elizebeth Kramer, Nathaniel 
Tallman and Andrew Good. 

District No. 21. J. Vandemark solicitor, Jacob 
Vandemark, Geo. Vandemark, Joseph Vandemark, 
\\^m. K. Algire, Henry Algire, James Imbody, Geo. 
King, Jacob Alspach, Elihue McCracken, John Bicker. 
Wm. Perrin, Geo. Francisco. 

District No. 9, Samuel Detvvile'r solicitor, Samuel 
Detwiler, David Lehman, Samuel Detwiler Jr., Henry 
Leidy, Wm. Leidy, Henderson Miller, T. B. Bennett, 
Jacob Bowman, James D. Brown, Geo. W. Ruse, Jona- 
than Ruse, Samuel Swonger, Isaac Kalb, John Wright, 
Adam Rager. 


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District No. 22. Jacob Lehman solicitor, Jacob 
Bishop, Samuel Runkle, A. F. Dildine, Geo. Long, Ja- 
cob Lehman, Andrew Lehman, G. W. Lehman, C. P. 
Dildine, Daniel Grouse, Simon Kissel, John Cummins, 
John Blackwood, Wm. Whaley, Elias Decker, Geo. 
Seymour, John Andrews, Malcolm Koch, Henry Far- 
rand, Wm. Peer, Geo. Williams, A. F. Dildine, Philip 
Kuhns, Volney Thompson. 

District No, 4. Jacob Sarber and Phil. C. Tussing 
solicitors, Jacob Sarber, John Chaney Jr., E. K. Cha- 
ncy, Adam Smith, P. C. Tussing, Wm. Mason, Henry 
Hesser, John Wood, Samuel O. Hendren, John Shu- 
man, John Rager, P. C. Harris, Emanuel Beamerdife, 
Geo. Myers, Jackson. Smith and Samuel Wheeler. 

District No. 11. Mathew E. Kalb solicitor, N. A. 
Stevenson, M. E. Kalb, Joshua S. Stevenson, John 
Keltchner, G. W. Brown, David Martin, Owen J. 
Brown, Daniel Keltchner, F. Swonger, Robert Codner, 
Mark Codner, Jacob Coble, Wm. M. Sims, J. T. 
Piercy, Jeremiah Kissel, Allen T. Brown, Samuel Fur- 
geson, G. W. Kalb, John T. Sims, Emanuel Bott, Fred- 
rick Myers, John Kissel Jr., Reynolds Kraner, Simon 

District No. 18. Jacpb Shearer solicitor, Jacob 
Shearer, Abraham Lehman, A. T. Lehman, S. S. Leh- 
man, Peter Brown, Chas. Brown, Benj. Lehman, J. K. 
Lehman, Henry Brown, Isaac Lehman, Chas. Bush, 
John Lehman. 

District No. 18. In Winchester, John Gehm, so- 
lictor: M. C. Whitehurst, J. H. Summerville, L. C. 
Bartlitt, O. P. Chaney, E. B. Decker, M. G. Stevenson, 
John Gehm, John Kissel, Jacob Dauterman, Jacob Zar- 
baugh, Peter Zarbaugh, John Trager, L. F. Carson, G. 
M. B. Dove, John Miller, H. W. Shaffer, Dr. G. W. 


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Blake, David Gayman, Daniel Gayman, Henry Herbst, 
Mich. Allen, Peter Weber, Jacob Harbaugh, John 
Helpman, Henry Zarbaugh, Chas. Zarbaugh, Samuel 
Bartlitt, C. W. Speaks, W. P. Miller, C. P. Rees, Jno. 
T. Flinchbaugh, C. B. Cannon, A. Decker, Wm. Pals- 
grove, J. R. Algire, C. Gayman, Dr. A. A. Shortt, John 
Chaney Sr., James McKelvey, J. W. Hische, Samuel 
Deitz, S. W. Dildine, Amon Algire, Henry Will, Jacob 
Moore, Christ Bickel, Grove G. Kams, Wm. Bamert, 
John Coleman, W. J. Meeker, J. W. Meeker, Daniel 
Bergstresser, Peter Bott, Geo. Derr, D. C. Sarber, 
Reuben Trine. 

The following fifty-three recruits were paid from 
$90 to $150 each, or a sum total of $6,568.00 on the 
President's calls of February and March, 1864: Fred- 
erick Barbach, James Savely, James Conaway, E. P. 
Decker, Chas. Wallace, Serg. Willia Veiler, Robt. A. 
McGinnity, W R.. Borland, J. D. Woodall, W. J. Mc- 
Cloy, Elisha W. Beedle, Jacob R. Melbom, James 
Campbell, David McBeth, John Sheabon, Ferdinand L. 
Groom, Allen S. Felch, Geo. W. Bronton, Oliver C. 
Jones, Wm. W. Keyser, James Raynor, Jeremiah Har- 
tin, James W. Wilson, John Bradshaw, Aaron Brown, 
Alonzo Conover, Mark Lane, Elmer P. Shepherd, Wm. 
Boroughf, James W. McKenzie, Abraham C. McLeod, 
Curtis B. Hare, John Corothers, Wyatt K- Johns, Pat- 
rick McGravan, Henry Archer, Simon AlcCarty, James 
Bird, Oliver C. Tarbot, Jerome Emmons, Grafton 
Pearce, John Newcomer, John Holzapple, Fredrick 
Stein, Geo. W. H. LyBrand, James T. Ly Brand, John 
Benbow, John W. Bates, Chas. E. Bates, Ransford R. 
Whitehurst, Jacob E. Benner and James A. D. Smith. 

We have before us one of the little books, furnished 
to each sub-school district solicitor, which contains the 


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articles and ruies of the societ}- at Winchester, and 
these no doubt agree with those adopted by the town- 
ship organization : 

'This society shall be called the Winchester Mili- 
tary Bounty Society in aid of the Madison Township 
Society for the relief of the township from the draft. 

"We hereby adopt the following rules for the gov- 
ernment of this society : 

*'(i) This society shall have a president, a secre- 
tary and a treasurer. 

"(2) The duties of the president shall be to pre- 
side at all the meetings. 

"(3) The duties of the secretary shall be to keep 
the names of all the subscribers and all accounts neces^ 
sary for the society. 

"(4) The duties of the treasurer shall be to re- 
ceive and pay out all the moneys belonging to said so- 

"(5) The president, secretary and treasurer shall 
form a board to confer with the parent society and see 
that all moneys are duly expended and accounted for. 

"(6) Each subscriber shall become a member of 
this society by subscribing his name and paying into 
the treasury not less than fifteen ($15) dollars. 

"(7) There shall be raised seven thousand three 
hundred ($7,300) dollars, so that each acceptable vol- 
unteer shall be paid one hundred ($100) dollars after 
the new recruit is credited for this township. 

"(8) That each person subject to draft shall pay 
not less than fifteen ($15) dollars, and all other per- 
sons be requested to contribute to the same. 

"(9) That in case the amount necessary is not all 
raised to release the township from the draft, the treas- 


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urer shall refund the amount subscribed by each per- 

'*(io) That in case the volunteers cannot all be 
had and any member of this society should be drafted 
and accepted, such member shall be paid one hundred 
($ioo) dollars. 

"(ii) That if there should be any funds in the 
hands of the treasurer belonging to this society, when 
the men are all raised, unexpended, it shall be refunded 
'pro rata' to each subscriber." 

At a meeting held at Canal Winchester, O., March 
19, 1864, "To raise an additional fund to clear Madi- 
son township from a draft on the last call by the Presi- 
dent for two hundred thousand (200,000) more men,'* 
The foregoing Articles and Rules were adopted with 
two amendments, to-wit : Article (6) six was amended 
making ten ($10) dollars a membership instead of fif- 
teen ($15) dollars. Article (7) seven was amended to 
insert three thousand three hundred ($3,300) dollars 
to be raised in Madison township instead of seven 
thousand three hundred ($7,300) dollars on former 
two calls. 

In response to the next "call" (September, '64), 
the following twenty-eight men were paid $11,270, re- 
ceiving about $400 each : Geo. W. Williams, Albert 
R. Ilarley, Joseph Gibbard, Robt. Turner, Chas. Em- 
rick, Wm. Johnson, Henry Harwood, John Wiles, Wm. 
Warner, Geo. D. Coe, James W. Combs, D. J. Hussey, 
James Robinson, Karl HoflFman, John Green, Samuel 
Campbell, David Wheeler, Geo. W. Alwood, Eli Fran- 
cis, James W. Hill, William Cutmore, Edward Wilson, 
Francis M. Stanfield, Jackson Miller, Robt. Davis, 
James O. Adams, Geo. W. Adams and Chas. E. Har- 


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On the last "call," December 19, 1864, the follow- 
ing persons subscribed the amount indicated by the 
figures (in dollars) which follows their names: 

(Note. — No subscription lists could be found of 
the local society at Groveport, but the following per- 
sons turned money into the treasurer's hands and were 
perhaps the solicitors for that part of the township, 
viz. : Moses Zinn, C. P. Dildine, E. Behm, Abraham 
Sharp, C. P. Woodring and Kalita Sallee.) John 
O'Roark, 12; Jacob Vandemark, 30; Geo. Vandemark, 
30 ; Noah Vandemark, 20 ; Geo. Francisco, 35 ; Jacob 
Alspach, 15 ; Elihu McCracken, 55 ; John Wingert, 35 ; 
G. H. Dildine, 10; H. Algire, 18; James Imbody, 35; 
Jacob Farrell, 15 ; John Ferall, 40; Samuel Hempy, 20; 
G. W. Burman, 35 ; John Bricker, 25 ; Wm. Perrin, 40; 
Wm. R. Algire, 60; Geo. W. Ruse, no; Henderson 
Miller, 50; Jonathan Ruse, 60; Jonathan B. Leasure, 
10; John Wright, 128; John T. Wright, 20; Samuel 
Detwiler, 140; Samuel Detwiler. Jr., 60; Jacob Bow- 
man, 140; Wm. Leidy, 60; Isaac Kalb, 55; Jacob 
Baughman, 45; Irvin E. Stevenson, 100; Absolom 
Bowman, 60 ; Levi Kramer, 30 ; Amos Bush, 25 ; Chas. 
Bush, 25; Daniel Bush, 90; Henry Brown, 10; S. H. 
Tallman, 70; Israel Glatfelter, 10; Emanuel Sparr, 20; 
James Pickering, 25; Wm. Ashley, 5; N. Tallman, 30; 
Jacob Shearer, 75; L. C. Bartlit, 100; C. Gayman, 140; 
John Miller, 70; J. W. Hische, 50; Henry Zarbaugh, 
65 ; Wm. P. Miller, 100 ; Peter Weber, 45 ; David Gay- 
man, 55; James R. Algire, 40; C. P. Rees, 30; J. T. 
Flinchbaugh, 70; John Trager, 35; Peter Brown, 35; 
Abraham Lehman, 145; Benj. Lehman, 20; Chas. 
Brown, St., 75; Daniel Bergstresser, 20; Dr. G. W. 
Blake, 50; Geo. Derr, 15 ; Wm. Caslow, 35 ; James Fay, 
100; John Kissell, 70; Whitehurst & Carty, 70; Jacob 

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Harbaugh, 40; Anion Algire, 20; Jacob Zarbaug^h, 30; 
Andrew Lemon, 20; Samuel Deitz, 35 ; Leo F. Carson^ 
10; Daniel Gayman, 80; John M. Schoch, 15; Win. 
Palsgrove, 38 ; Austin Decker, 35 ; E. B. Decker, 60 ; 
Grove ( j. Karnes, 25 ; Jolin Gehm, 75 ; Henry Herbst, 
20; Jerry Kramer, 75; Ci. W. Lehman, 15; Jacob 
Moore, 20; Chas. Brown, Jr., 15; Gottleib Cook, 15; 
\Vm. Wilson, 10; Henry Will, 25; John Chancy, 55; 
P. C. Tussing. 55; Lsaac Lehman, 85: L.*G. Sarber^ 
45; Samuel Wheeler, 25; Jacob Sarber, 50; Jackson 
Smith, 50 ; David Lehman, 45 ; John Shuman, 50 ; Abe 
S. Lehman, 75; Adam Smith, 35; Robt. Lowry, 30; 
Joseph Rodenfels, 20; Emanuel Bemisdorfer, 25; 
George Bareis, 15; John Rodenfels, 3; John H. Tus- 
sing, 3 ; Levi Dauterman, 4 ; David Sarber, 2 ; John 
Wood, 5 ; Chas. Bower, 25 ; David Martin, 90; E. Kis- 
sell, 60; Joshua S. Stevenson, 20: Solomon Alspach,. 
50; X. A. Stevenson, 25 ; Samuel Shoemaker, 70; John 
Courtright, 25: Jacob Coble, 20; Simon Alspach, 35; 
Amos Alspach, 40; John Alspach, 75; John Lehman, 
35 : Oliver Codner, 90 ; Daniel Kelchner, 75 ; Fred 
Myers, 25; O. J. Brown, 70; Jacob Burky, 5 ; W. R. 
Kraner, 10; Henry W. Shaffer, 85; C. B. Cowan, 30; 
Reuben Trine, 5; Jacob Dauterman, 25; James B. 
Evans, 10; John Karnes, 5; John Schrock, 30; Collen 
Schrock, 50 ; John Helpman, 50 ; Mrs. Elizabeth Good^ 
10; S. Knepper, 10; Ed K. Chaney, 50; Oliver P. 
Chancy, 50: John Chaney, Sr., 60; Jacob C. Komp, 10; 
Dr. A. A. Short, 25 ; Henry Leidy, 40 ; Samuel Brown, 
50; J. B. Bennett, 30; B. B. Shoemaker, 10; Jerry Kalb, 
15; Sam O. Hendren, 30; P. C. Harris, 50; Geo. 
Myers, 5; Wm. Mason, 15; Daniel Motz, 10; Henry 
Motz, 5 ; Joseph \^andemark, 60. In addition to the 
above subscription, on February 7, 1865, the Township 


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Trustees levied a tax of $4,000, to relieve the township 
from this "Draft," and one week later issued forty 
bonds of $100 each, made payable March i and Sep- 
tember I, 1866, and the following persons advanced 
the money on them, viz. : Moses Seymour, 3 ; Rebecca 
Ramsey, 2; Augustus Sallee, 5; Mitchell Allen, 6; 
Chas. W. Speaks, 6; Abraham Lehman, 8; Elihu Mc- 
Cracken, 5 ; Henry Algire, i ; Elizabeth Good, 4. With 
this money the following forty-one recruits were paid 
$20,695, ranging from $450 to $525 each, viz. : Joshua 
Miller, Amos G. McCormick, Wallace Bennett, Sim- 
eon L. B. McMiller, Wm. H. Liverpool, John Hood, 
Peter Rivers, Chas. Albright, Peter Becker, Christ 
Benninghoff, Mathias Blinn, Martin Decker, August 
Fisher, John A, Geiszler, Henry Hach, Chas. Stark^ 
Jacob Solomon, Genzs Schaf, Christian Weber, Otto 
Hels, Amon Luft, John L. Stulzig, John King, Geo W. 
Foster, Alfred Feringer, Isaac Hemler, Martin S. Sey- 
mour, Gottlieb Lochenmaier, Frank Wehrle, Louis 
Schmelt, Harvey D. Harris, David D. Crompton,. 
Michael Henry, Fredrick Kemmerle, Ralph Hammer,. 
James Logan, Wm. A. Stipher, James W. Pierce, Wm, 
R. Ramsey, Chas. B. Cannon and Jacob Dauterman. 
The three last mentioned enlisted from this township 
and were paid $525 each, the only ones who were paid 
so large an amount. In this way the township fur- 
nished 150 men to whom they paid bounty to the 
amount of $39,762. 

On June 3, 1865, at a meeting for the settling up of 
the affairs of the society, the treasurer reported a bal- 
ance of $132.70, which he was instructed to divide 
equally among the veteran volunteers of the 46th O, 
V. I. — who had re-enlisted while in Tennessee — sup- 
posed to be eleven in number. At a called meeting held 


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December 2, 1865, the above action was rescinded; the 
treasurer reported that $165.60 had been collected, 
making a total of $298.30, and it was then determined 
to divide this amount equally among the re-enlisted 
veterans credited to this township who had not already 
received local bounty, and $100.67 was accordingly 
paid to the following ten men : G. F. Thompson, Al- 
bert McCarty, Robt. John, X. Evans, J. W. Wallace, 

A. Mansfield, J. W. Andrews, F. Drum, Peter Miller 
and S. Mumhal. After these were paid the treasurer, 
John Helpman, paid the balance, $182.63, i"to the 
hands of W. W. Kile, township treasurer. 

The following list of the wives of soldiers who were 
entitled to monthly bounty appears on the Township 
Trustees' records : Julia Ann Robinson, Eliza Yourd, 
Rhoda Skinner, Elizabeth Hodge, Jane Gares, Saman- 
tha Hamler, Sarah Hampson, Mary Herrick, Permelia 
Sarber, C. Remaley, Mahala Miller, M. E. Fry, E. M. 
Stevenson, Rebecca Conaway, Mrs. Van Home, 
Amanda Durant, Sarah Williamson, Eliza Blakely, 
Ann Kraner, Abigal Reeves, Amanda Edwards, M. 
Himrod, Julia Binkley, Lucinda Wheeler, Mary Del- 
linger, Mary Yost, Susan Dagon, C. L. Leady, E. J. 
Hodge, Susan Miller, Jane Gillett, Mrs. G. Rei, M. E. 
Travis, Kate Adams, H. A. Thompson, Mrs. Gayman, 
Mary Yarger, Mrs. Burnham, Mrs. Hedrick, E. J, 
Kraner, Melisa Smith, Mary Hesser, Sarah Moore, 
Catliarine Kramer, L. F. Williams, Mrs. Davis, Mrs. 
Fink, Mrs. Corbett, Mrs. Milliser, Mrs. Barnhart, D. 

B. Campbell heirs, C. Lester, Mrs. Coffman, Priscilla 
Savely, Mrs. Zimmerman, Mrs. Bailey, Mary Holzap- 
pel, Mary Cannon, R. L. Stevenson and E. E. Clark. 

The following soldiers are buried in Union Grove 
Cemetery, near Winchester: Rufus W. Bailey, Co, B, 


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178th O. V. I. ; Lewis W. Bowen, Co. D, 95th O. V. I. ; 
Rev. C. W. Bostwick, 149th O. V. I. ; Wm. Badger, 
Co. C, 95th O. V. I.; Chas. B. Cannon, Co. C, 191st 
O. V. I. ; Wm. Cater, Co. H, ist Battery, 15th U. S. I..; 
R. I. Cromwell, Co. G, 133d O. V. I. ; Jacob Dauter- 
man, Co. C, 191st O. V. I. ; Leroy Dibble, Co. D, 22d 
O. V, I., later lieutenant Co. F, 187th O. V. I. ;*Henry 
Game, Co. D, 95th O. V. I. ; Wm. Hesser, Co. B, 113th 
O. V. I.; R. T. Hummell, Co. G, 133d O. V. I.; John 
W. Kile, Co. B, 113th O. V. I.; A. D. Kraner, i8oth 
O. V. I.; S. B. McFadden, Co. B, 52d U. S. Colored; 
H. P. Moore, Co. F, 8th Indiana; Cyrus Miller, Co. B, 
1 13th O. V. I. ; Dr. J. B. Potter, surgeon 30th O. V. I. ; 
Martin Root, Co. F, isth U. S. I.; Wm. Stenrock, U. 
S.'Navy (Pa.) ; James Sandy, O. V. I.; Lincoln Stev- 
enson, Co. B, 113th O. V. L; Leonard Sarber, Co. H, 
i8th U. S. L ; Edward Selby, Co. H, 63d O. V. L ; John 
Stotts, Co. D, 38th O. V. L ; John Shaffer, Co. D, 13th 

O. V. L ; Adam Shaner, Co. — , ; Samuel Travis, 

Co. A, i6oth O. V. L ; B. F. Trine, Co. A, 2d Bat., 15th 
U. S. L ; Geo. T. Wheeler, Co. B, 113th O. V. L ; Peter 
Brown, Co. — , 43d O. V. L; Noah Looker, Co. — , 
46th O. V. L ; Philip Game, Co. — , 15th U. S. L 

In the Menonite Graveyard : Isaac Detwiler, Co. — , 

1st Bat., 15th U. S. I.; Samuel Hare, Co. — , ; 

John Leidy, Co. F, ist O. V. I.; Henry B. Strohn, Co. 
F, 159th 6. V. I.; Theobald Phaler, Co. B, 6th U, S. 

In the Raver Graveyard: Adam Raver, Co. — , 

In the Hoshors Graveyard: Frank Bland, Co. A, 
1st Bat., 15th U. S. I. 

In the Job's Graveyard : Wm. Arnold, Co. F, 95th 


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O. V. I.; John Cherry, Co. — , ; Smith, 

Co. — , . 

It has been the custom for many years for the 
Mayor of Winchester and Alfred Cannon Post to raise 
a joint committee to arrange for the proper observance 
of "Decoration Day." The usual custom is to decorate 
the gmves in Raver's, Hoshor's and Job's in the fore- 
noon, something after the following order: Leaving 
town at about 7:30 a. m., at each graveyard a short 
program being observed, consisting of a song, prayer, 
short address and closing ode, arriving at Winchester 
at about 11 :oo o'clock. Various programs have been 
arranged for the afternoons, when the graves in the 
Menonite and Union Grove are decorated. Some of 
the programs have provided for very simple and im- 
pressive services by Alfred Cannon Post ; others have 
been rendered by local "talent" ; still others by foreign 
speakers. The exercises usually take place surround- 
ing the Gunboat mound erected by the members of Al- 
fred Cannon Post in Union Grove Cemetery, but they 
have been observed in Tallman's and Lehman's groves 
and in Game's Opera House. The following is one of 
the more elaborate programs observed in 1890: The 
procession was formed on High street in the following 
order : 

ist. Drum Corps; 2d, Potter Light Guards; 3d, 
Company of 24 girls, with flowers, under command of 
Capt. Philip Game; 4th, Alfred Cannon Post; 5th, Ex- 
soldiers not members of G. A. R. ; 6th, Citizens on 
foot ; 7th, School children in wagons ; 8th, Speakers in 
carriages; 9th, Citizens in carriages. 

Exercises at Cemetery: Decoration of graves by 
company of girls ; song ; G. A. R. service ; prayer. 


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Exercises at Lehman's Grove : Two songs, one by 
school children and one by choir; prayer; two songs; 
address by Rev. J. C. Jackson, D. D. ; two songs and 

At the close of the exercises held in Tallman's 
grove in 1882 — it was estimated that one thousand per- 
sons were in attendance — a movement was inaugurated 
looking towards the erection of a Soldiers* Monument. 
One hundred and fifty dollars ($150.00) in subscrip- 
tions and cash was secured and a meeting called for 
the purpose of organizing a Monumental Association. 
This meeting was held in the Town Hall on Friday 
evening, June 2, 1882. A temporary organization was 
formed and named '*The Soldiers' Monumental Asso- 
ciation of Canal Winchester and Vicinity," with John 
Helpman, president; Geo. F. Bareis, secretary, and 
Rev. A. C. Kelly, treasurer. The object was to secure 
two thousand ($2,000) dollars with which to erect a 
Soldiers' Monument in Union Grove Cemetery. A 
committee, consisting of John Helpman, Henry S. 
Binkly, Capt. Philip Game, Garrett W. Miller, Jacob 
L. Bowman, George Loucks and Capt. John W. Kile, 
was appointed to solicit funds and instructed to call a 
meeting for permanent organization, when five hun- 
dred ($500) dollars was secured. Nothing tangible 
came from this movement which had so propitious a 

Potter Light Otsards* 

On March 2d, 1878, Co. H. was mustered in by 
Col. Geo. D. Freeman of the 14th Reg., O. X. G. Philip 
Game, captain ; Brice Taylor, first lieutenant ; \Vm. H. 
Schrock, second lieutenant. There was no change in 
the commissioned officers during the five years' service 
except that Brice Taylor resigned and John C. Speaks 


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was commissioned to. fill the vacancy. Co. H was 
named *'The Winchester Guards," but at the annual 
encampment held at Delaware in 1879 the name was 
changed to "The Potter Light Guards," in honor of 
Major Joseph B. Potter, M. D. When Capt. Game's 
commission expired on March 2, 1883, Lieutenant 
John C. Speaks was elected and commissioned captain 
and served as such until he was elected major of the 
14th Regiment. Geo. W. Tooil was then elected cap- 
tain. His profession, that of teaching school, took him 
to Tarlton, Ohio, thus depriving the company of the 
personal oversight of the commanding officer. The 
lack of interest of the members of the company, as 
well as of the citizens soon manifested itself and con- 
tinued to wane until on January 4, 1891, the officers 
and men were honorably discharged and the company 
transferred to Portsmouth, Ohio, and thus ended an 
organization that was once the pride of the community. 
Company H experienced and performed with credit 
and honor active service at the Cincinnati riot in 1884. 
One night at Carthage, Ohio, they rested on their arms, 
expecting momentarily to be called to the Hocking 
Valley mines during the strikes. They had a position 
of honor at the Garfield obsequies in Cleveland, stand- 
ing guard near the vault in Lakeview cemetery. An- 
nual encampments were held at the following places 
during the time Company H belonged to the 14th 
Regiment, viz.: Marysvillc, 1878; Delaware, 1879; 
Nia^ra Falls, 1880; Lakeside, 1881 : Detroit, 1882; 
Cuyahoga Falls, 1883 ; Franklin Park, Columbus, 1884; 
brigade encampment, Columbus, 1885 ; Springfield, 
1886; Lancaster, I887: from this encampment they 
went to Gettysburg, Baltimore, Washington; Colum- 


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bus, 1888; New York city, 1889; Toledo, Presque Isle, 
1890; Marion, 1891. 

The following list comprises the names of the origi- 
nal members as well as all those who become members 
during the first five years of Company H*s organiza- 
tion: Chas. Allen, Robt. Allen, Geo. Arnold, Thomas 
Arnold, Geo. Bush, Wm. Bush, Homer Binkley, Elmer 
Binkley, Milton Boyd, Stephen Boyd, Reuben Boyd, 
Chas. Blake, Ed. C. Brenner, Wm. Bailey, Martin 
Crook, John Chaney, Ed. C. Chaney, Arthur Chaney,. 
John T. Corbett, Wm. Cutch, B. F. Champe, Wm. Ca- 
ter, Alf. Carder, R. S. Codner, Alf. Cannon, Gran- 
ville Derr, W. Dennis, James M. Evans, Chas. Evans, 
Richard Fulton, Sylvester Foor, Wm. Foor, Darius 
Fenstermaker, Abe L. Good, Nobel Griffith, Philip 
Game, D. H. Click, Chas. Gibson, James Gibson, Isaac 
Hummel, Fred Henry, Geo. W. Himrod, John Help- 
man, Jr., Chas. Hische, Frank Harpst, W. Hockin- 
smith, Harry Hampson, Geo. Hodge, Thos. Hodge, J. 
W. Hudson, Wm. Hunter, Chas. Kuqua, Sam Kuqua, 
Aaron Kissel, Geo. Kildow, Seymour Justice, Stephen 
Lester, John E. Lawyer, Oscar E. Miller, Geo. W. 
Miller, Chas. W. Miller, Ed. J. Moore, J. S. Mathias, 
W. L. Ringer, J. P. Rager, Albert Speaks, John C. 
Speaks, J. W. Shoemaker, Chas. Shoemaker, Geo. 
Shoemaker, N. O. Selby, Wm. Smith, John Sunday, 
Warren C. Somerville, S. C. Swonger, Wm. Schock, 
Robt. Shaner, John South worth, Chas. Stewart, Ed. 
Selby, Geo. Sarber, Brice Taylor, B. F. Trine, D. H. 
Tallman, L. W. Tisdale, T. F. Ungemaugh, Wm. Wil- 
son, W. L. Walters, Adam Weber, Geo. Will, Isaac 
Wright, W. S. Weaver, Geo. Yost, John L. Yourd and 
B. F. Zinn. Arth. A. Chaney was one of the snare 

19 H. M. T. 


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drummers, although at the time of the organization not 
yet fourteen years of age. 

After March 2, 1883, the following became mem- 
bers: James Allen, James S. Adams, Emmit Ashe, 
Chas. H. Anderson, J. W. Anderson, C. A. Andrews, 
James Armstrong, Ed. E. Adams, Wm. Bailey, Vet., 
Geo. Billingsly, Frank Busch, Homer Binkly, Vet., 
Robt. Boyer, Daniel G. Boyer, Homer Boyd, Ed. J. 
Bennett, Wiley Brown, John Brown, Wm. F. Bartlitt, 
Morgan Boyer, Frank W. Boyer, H. J. Bope, H. C. 
Brogler, Chas. Boyer, John Benadum, Chas. Baugh- 
man, Eber L. Boyd, A. Bope, R. C. Broyler, G. W. 
Boyer, E. Biddle, G. W. Cook, Edward Colman, Henrj' 
A. Colman, Wm. Cole, Alfred Cannon, Vet., Wm. Col- 
man, G. C. Courtright, Albert Crebbs, C. W. Campbell, 
Louis Crogge, John Cunningham, James W. Cunning- 
ham, Herb. S. Cannon, Jesse Cannon, Chas. Dauter- 
man, Oliver P. Dunlop, Chas. F. Dunlop, W. A. De- 
long, D. L. Davis, W. W. Davis, Chas. Evans, Vet., 
Lestie Fulton, C. W. From, E. C. Fisher, Wm. 
Fletcher, David H. Glick, Vet., Wm. S. Gayman, Chas. 
F. Gorman, Frank Grove, Jacob Geishart, Frank 
Hische, Charles Hische, Vet., John W. Hische, B. B. 
Holland, Ed. P. Hamler, Chas. Hall, Harry Justice, 
Henry Johnson, F. L. Johnson, Wm. Komp, Elmer 
Kramer, Chas. F. Koffits, John Kramer, Bert Kramer, 
Henry Krohn, Chas. B. LeCrone, Wm. H. Mast, Clem- 
ent Moore, Riley Marr, James A. McKelvey, Geo. E. 
McKelvey, Thos. E. Moss, Thad Miller, D. S. Miller, 
A. G. Miller, Ed. S. McFadden, Henry A. Miller, John 
Mosier, Milton A. Miller, Outcalt, John Pick- 
ering, James P. Roberts, Chas. Raver, L. Rowe, L. C. 
Raha, Chas. H. Shoemaker, Vet., John C. Speaks, Vet., 
John Smith, Wm. Speaks, Ed. Selby, Vet., Geo. Shoe- 


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maker, Vet., Chas. Slough, Daniel Stack, Chas. E. 
Shortt, Wm. Swisher, Van A. Snyder, James W. Spen- 
cer, Chas. Seibert, K. S. Seibert, Chas. Sunday, G. C. 
Snyder, Harry Schrock, Samuel Travis, Wm. S. Tus- 
sing, Grant Travis, E. J. Travis, L. A. Trine, Geo. W. 
Tooill, J. E. Tussing, Chas. K. Taylor, Wm. E. Thomp- 
son, Wm. Tisdale, Chas. G. Violet, Chas. A. Werner, 
John Worrell, Marion Washboume, Amos Watters, W. 
L. Watters, Vet., Daniel H. Will, Chas. F. Wolenzine, 

A. M. Washboume, Alva B. Walters, Finley Walters, 
J. W. Wildermuth, H. J. Wildermuth, W. P. Wag- 
oner, E. O. Weist, George Yost, Vet., Frank Young, 
John Zahn, Edward Zirkle. 

The following is a list of the commissioned officers 
who served with Company H during the period in 
which the organization was located at Canal Winches- 
ter, viz. : Captains : Philip Game, John C. Speaks 
and Geo. W. Tooill. First Lieutenants: Brice Tay- 
lor, John C. Speaks, Wm. Schrock, Wm. L. Walters, 
Charles Slough and F. M. Van Buskirk. Second Lieu- 
tenants : Wm. Schrock, Geo. W. Tooill, Harry A. Mil- 
ler and Edward O. Weist. 

The following men from this township enlisted for 
service in the Spanish- American war: Major John C. 
Speaks, ist Battalion, 4th Regiment, O. V. I.; ser- 
geant, Ed. S. McFadden, Co. G, 4th O. V. I. ; corporal, 
Chas. E. Evans, Co. G, 4th O. V. I.; Eber L. Boyd, 
Co. B, 4th O. V. I. ; C. C. Bennett, Co. B, 4th O. V. 
I. ; Frank C. Dauterman, Co. B, 4th O. V. I. ; Charles 
Sponsler, Co. B, 4th O. V. I. ; Ralph W. Taylor, Co. 

B, 4th O. V. I. ; Chas. K. Taylor, Co. C, 4th O. V. I. ; 
Fred Schrock, Co. F, 4th O. V. I. ; Ben Himrod, Bat- 
tery H, 1st O. V. A. ; R. E. Wright, Co. A, 3d O. V. I. ; 
Jess G. Dauterman, Co. I, 12th Minn. V. I.; W. A. 


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Tallman, artificer Co. D, 6th O. V. I. ; Nevin Loucks^ 
Hospital Corps ; W. L. Powell, Troop D, ist O. V. C. ; 
T. Heise, Troop D, ist O. V. C. ; H. Willie, Troop D, 
1st O. V. C. ; E. E. Adel, Troop D, ist O. V. C. ; E. 
M. Cavinee, Co. A, 4th O. V. I.; Ervin Simms, Co. 

A, 4th O. V. I. ; Edw. Johnson, Co. A, 4th O. V. I. ; 
Turner Carder, Co. A, 4th O. V. I. ; Homer Cramer^ 
Co. A, 4th O. V. I. ; H. Wallis, Co. A, 4th O. V. I. ; 
S. French, Co. A, 4th O. V. I. ; E. A. Cunningham 
(Angle), Co. R, 4th O. V. I.; Jesse Thrush, Co. B, 
4th O. V. I. ; Edw. Simms, Co. F, 4th O. V. I. ; T. 
Eberly, Ind. ; James F. Roberts, Co. D, 3d O. V. I. ; 
Corporal Claude Stout, Co. B, 4th O. V. I.; R. R. 
Shaw, 13th Signal Corps; H. R. Rarey, 13th Signal 
Corps; Sergeant Roy Willie, U. S. Hospital Corps; 
George Gill, 17th U. S. Inf. From Lithopolis: Lieut. 
F. L. Oyler, Co. B, 4th O. V. I. ; F. E. Groves, Co. 

B, 4th O. V. L; Thomas Decker, Co. H, 158th Ind. 
From Carroll: L. Herman Wagner, Co. I, 4th O. V. 
I.; Ben J. England, Co. I, 4th O. V. I. From Brice: 
S. Englan, Co. C, 4th O. V. I. ; F. Swanger, Battery | 
II, 1st O. V. A. From Pickerington: Edw. Milnor, 

Co. A, 7th O. V. I.; Wm. Brenneman, 17th U. S. I.; 
Arch. Humniell, 17th U. S. I. 

The 14th Regiment, O. N. G., was merged into the 
4th Regiment, O. V. I., at the beginning of the Span- 
ish-American war, which explains why so many of j 
the **boys'* from Madison Township were members of | 
the 4th Regiment. On Friday evening, October 26, 
1898, a meeting was held at the Town Hall in Winches- 
ter of the ex-members of Company H for the purpose 
of arranging to go to Columbus on the following Sun- , 
day to take part in the reception of the 4th Regiment, ' 
O. V. I., who were to arrive on that day. Some 40 of I 

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the former members of Co. H were in line under the 
command of Capt. Philip Game. A large number of 
citizens also accompanied them to Columbus. A recep- 
tion was arranged for those who went to the war from 
Winchester. A committee was appointed consisting of 
Wm. L. Walters, C. F. Dunlop and Dr. W. S. Cayman, 
who were to act with a committee appointed by Mayor 
O. P. Cayman, viz. : Dr. J. W. Shook and Wm. D. 

This committee arranged the following program, 
which was carried out on Wednesday evening, No- 
vember 9, 1898; 6 o'clock dinner at D. E. Alspach's 
Restaurant. At 7.45, Came's Opera House; Hymn, 
America, Address of Welcome by Mayor O. P. Gay- 
man; Response by Rev. A. Snyder; Impromptu 
Speeches by Rev. J. P. Stahl, Geo. F. Bareis, Capt. 
Philip Game, Rev. W. L. Alexander and Supt. of 
Schools, U. S. Brandt, and Corporal Ed. S. McFad- 
den spoke for the boys. The musical part of the pro- 
gram consisted of a solo, **When the Boys Come 
Home," by Mrs. J. L. Chaney ; Piano duet, Mrs. J. L. 
Chaney and Miss Jessie Chaney ; Piano solo, by Miss 
Ruth Stahl ; Song ; Duet, by Misses Madge Chaney 
ano Kate Shook ; and solos were sung by Miss Alice 
Snyder and Mr. W. D. Beeks. Major John C. Speaks 
sent the following message : "It is impossible for me to 
attend your meeting to-night, but you may say to the 
audience that no braver soldiers ever entered the field 
than the boys from your place." The following were 
present and occupied seats on the platform : Edward S. 
McFadden, E. L. Boyd, C. C. Bennett, Frank C. Dau- 
terman, Chas. Spousler, Ralph W. Taylor, Chas. K. 
Taylor, Ben. Himrod and George Martin, a former 
Winchester boy, Co. G, 17th U. S. I. 


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Irvin E. Simms died August 31, 1898 at Guayama, 
Porto Rico, and was buried September i, with military 
honors. His body was brought back from Porto Rico 
and reinterred in Union Grove Cemetery on April 30^ 

Adrian S. Poor died July 2, 1898 at Santiago de 
Cuba. He enlisted in Co. A, 17th Reg., U. S. I., and 
was killed in battle. His remains arrived at Lithopolis, 
on Sunday April 2, 1899 and the funeral took place 
on the following Sunday April 9, and was attended 
by Winchester lodge, Knights of Pythias in a body. 
His body lies in the Lithopolis Cemetery. 

Alfred Caimoa Pott, G. A* R., No. 261* 

This post was named after Alfred Cannon, who 
enlisted July 2, 1862 in Co. D, 95th, O. V. I., "that 
his name and the story of his self-sacrifice may ever 
be remembered." While confined in Andersonville 
prison, an exchange of prisoners was made ; lots were 
cast to determine who should go free. Alfred Cannon 
drew one of the lucky numbers, but handed it to a com- 
rade who had a family at home, saying "Go home to 
your family," and he himself staid in prison where he 
afterwards died. His remains are interred in the Na- 
tional Cemetery at Salisbury, N. C, his grave is num- 
bered 470. The following sketch was read by Capt. 
Philip Game at the celebration of the 25th anniversary 
of the founding of the G. A. R., held in the M. E. 
Church on Monday evening, /\pril 6, 1891 : (The Post 
occupied seats on the west and Potter Light Guards 
on the east side of the room.) "Alfred Cannon Post, 
Xo. 261, Department of Ohio, G. A. R., was instituted 
October 3, 1882, by Dept, Com. Chas. T. Clark assisted 
by Wm. J. Elliott and others, with the following char- 


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ler members: Mitchell Allen, S. E. Bailey, Henry S. 
Binkly, Martin Crooks, Israel Cayman, Wm. Hesser, 
Wm. Harold, Wm. Helpman, John S. Lehman, Philip 
Came, Walter Mundell, Jacob Moore, Rev. D. Y. Mur- 
dock. Thomas Morton, Major J. B. Potter M. D., Wm. 
Schrock, N. O. Selby, James Palsgrove, Samuel 
Travis, Brice Taylor, Ceo. T. Wheeler and Chas. F. 
"j'ost, 25 in all. The following were the first officers. 
Dr. J. B. Potter, Com., J. B. Evans, Sen. V. Com., 
Walter Mundell, Jr. V. Com., D. Y. Murdock, Chap., 
Philin Game Officer of the Day, S. E. Bailey Officer of 
the Guard, C. F. Yost Q. M. Total membership to 
April I, 1882, 82; loss by card, discharge, removal and 
death 42. The oloest and youngest members are pres- 
ent to-night. Comrade Evans enlisted at the age of 
52 years, his oresent age is 81, and Rev. C. W. Bost- 
wick enlisted when a boy of 17, his present age is 41 
years, diflference in their ages is 38 years, present av- 
eraee age of those enlisted 51 years." The following 
have been the commanders: J. B. Potter, 1882-1883; 
Walter Mundel, 1884-1885; Henry H. Dibble, 1886- 
1887, 1892-1803; Philip Game, 1888-1889, 1894-1897, 
i8q9-oi ; O. L. Dibble, 1890; J. K. Miller, 1891 ; S. E. 
Bailey, 1898. 

Besides the charter members the following names 
have been enrolled : O. L. Dibble, Samuel S. Lehman, 
John Sunday, John Quick, Eli Lehr, Andrew Burn- 
side, Cheney Buckingham, Dr. Augustine Starr, O. J. 
Lawyer, Dr. Milton Valentine, Jacob Dauterman, Dr. 
Geo. S. Courtright, Israel E. Crumley, David Baker, 
Hiram Shaffer, Jacob Sipe, Martin Flowers, J. K. 
Miller, John Walton, Lewis Junkhurth, John F. Stall- 
smith, Hiram F. Hays, Joseph Burgoon, John W. 
Bowen, Sol. S. Lehman, Samuel Armstrong, Henry 


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H. Dibble, Georgfe W. Foor, Rev. Ralph Watson, Sam- 
uel S. Strunk, Jacob Kuhn, Wm. H. Cater, Noah Leh- 
man, H. J. Fulton, Aaron S. Smith, Orrin White, An- 
sel Walters, Stephen A. Lester, Leroy S. Dibble, Robt. 
H. Lawyer, James N. Tiissing, Reuben McThomas, 
John Shaffer, Jacob Lepps, Michael A. F^b right. 

The following are deceased, viz: Jacob Dauterman, 
January 3, 1S84; Dr. J. B. Potter, March 27, 1887; 
Reuben McThomas, July 26, 1888 ; John Shaffer, Au- 
gust 22, 1888; Wm. H. Cater, December 9, 1888, Hi- 
ram F. Hays, June 19, 1890; Dr. Milton Valentine, 
July 2, 1891 ; Rev. C. W. Rostwick, July 10, 1891 ; 
Wm. Hesser, March 7, 1892; M. A. Ebright, Jime 13, 
1892; Orrin White, Nov. 3, 1892; Leroy S. Dibble, 
July 5, 1900; Henry S. Binkley, July 29, 1899, Wm. 
Helpman, May 24, 1899; Samuel Travis, July 30, 
1900; Geo. T. Wheeler, February 14, 1898; Philip 
Game, February 15, 1902. 

Sons of Veterans* 

Philip Game Camp, No. 137, Sons of Veterans, was 
organized and mustered in on September 8, 1886, by 
E. H. Archer of the Adjutant Generals's office, Colum- 
bus, ( )hio. The officers were S. E. Bailey, Capt. ; Wm. 
S. Tussing, 1st Lieut.. Anaxy Ringer, 2nd Lieut,; 
John Adams, Chaplain ; Chas. C. Dibble, Orderly 
Sergt. ; Ben. F. Lehman, Quartermaster sergt. ; Sam- 
uel lUimsidcs, P. Gd. ; Geo. W. Smith, Capt. of the 
Guard, Chas. Dauterman, Sergt. of the Guard ; Thom- 
as Bailey, Color-bearer, Jesse Cannon, Principal Mu- 
sician ; Jas. Tussing. Camp Guard. This organization 
was kept up for only about two years when they sur- 
rendered their charter. Meetings were held in the G. 
A. R. hall. 


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Jofiatfun Watson Post^ G. A. R^ No. 464« 

This Post was chartered June 23, 1884, and insti- 
tuted July 2, following by Dept. Com. Clark, assisted 
bv comrades C. L. Bancroft, Andrew Swartz, E. W. 

Blair and Groves of Columbus, Geo. Wheeler 

of Winchester and Jacob Kuhns of Lithopolis. This 
Post was named after Jonathan Watson who enlisted 
as a private in Co. B, 113th O. V. I., he was promoted 
to Orderly Sergeant, 2d Lieut., and ist Lieut. He died 
at London, Ohio in 1868 from the effects of wounds 
received at Chickamauga and Kennesaw Mountain, one 
of which cut his nose and put out one of his eyes. He 
was a boat builder by occupation, and a good soldier. 
The first officers and charter members were : John W. 
Kile, Com.; J. V. Conklin, Sen. V. Com. ; A. M. Rarey 
J . V.' Com. ; G. W, Biglow, Chap. ; A. O. Maught, 
Officer of the Day; Theo. Falhaber, Ser. Major; 
Samuel Kimler, Adj.; Frank Slosser, Q. M. ; Jacob 
Cavinee, L G. ; R. Copland, O. G. ;A. J. Smith, Q. S. ; 
Wm. M. Sharp, W. C. Gill, W. L. Parker, James No- 
lan, H. P. Moore, Albert Sandy, D. M. Willie, O. R. 
Mansfield, John Stott, John Reed, Edward Campbell, 
Chas. Hattenfels, James Byrne, Peter Reeves, Thomas 
Athey, Robt. A. Shaw, Thomas Thompson, Orange 
Barnhart, John Sidener, Thomas Ryan and John 
Cramer, thirty-two in all. The following have since 
been mustered in : O. D. Harris, James Hamler, Isaac 
Foust, A. D. Kraner, Edward Carder, James F. Gray, 
Madison Burke, John Warner, James A. Kile, Samuel 
Bachtel, Wm. Hamler, Jacob Kuhn, Adam S. Shaner, 
Joseph A Peters, John F. Stallsmith, Thos. Dolby, 
Henry Miller, Samuel Van Gundy, Bernard Thomp- 
son, J. M. Strickler, John Cavinee, George Mansfield, 


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Alonzc V/rrght, Wm. Townsend, Samuel E. Fort^ 
Perry Robinson, James Fickel, Alfred Gray, Elias 
Tharpp, Geo. Vaughn, Simon Heise. 

The following members have died: James Nolan,, 
while in Tennessee: Edmund C. Carter, January ii» 
1887; Bernard Thompson, January 19. 1888; Wm. J. 
Townsend, November 14, 1889; Madison Burk, De- 
cember 23, 1890; Andrew D. Kraner, September 27 ^ 
1893; Haynes P. Moore, May 25, 1894; John W. Kile,. 
November 22, 1894; Alonzo Wright, Septembei> 3,. 
1895; John Stott, November 15, 1895; Is^ae^ltamler^ 
June 19 ,1895 ; Thomas Ryan, October 2^, 1895 ; Adam 
Shaner, Febmary 12, 1897; Henry Miller, November 
24, 1899; John D. Reed at Columbus, Ohio; Samuel 
E. Fort; Edward Campbell; Wm. Hamler. Other 
soldiers not members of the G. A. R. from Groveport 
who have died are Hiram Cramer, at Chattanooga,. 
Tenn. ; Peter Miller, at Rasacco, Ga. ; Hiram Cross, at 
Snake Creek, Ga. ; Miller Clark, killed in front of At- 
lanta, Ga. ; Jacob Miller ; Richard Johnson ; Edward 
Stevenson, Joshua Stevenson, Lewis Hampson, Daniel 
Campbell, Charles Campbell, February 4, 1892, and 

The following have been the commanders : John W. 
Kile, 1884; Robt. A. Shaw, 1885, 1889, 1901 ; A. O. 
Mauck, 1886; Samuel Kindler, 1888; Geo. W. Big- 
low, i89o,.i893-i895, 1899-1900; Thomas Thompson,. 
1891 ; Joseph Peters, 1892; Orin R. Mansfield, 1896; 
Richard Copeland, 1897. 

On December 14, 1900, Jonathan Watson Post 
voted to disband and at a called meeting held on De- 
cember 28, 1900, it was decided to sell the Post's prop- 
erty at auction. The proceeds of this sale was divided 
among the members in good standing at the time: 


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Thomas Thompson, O. D. Harris, O. R. Mansfield, 
Wm. L. Parker, Wm. Sharp, Joseph Peters, Orange 
Barnhart, Geo. W. Biglow, Thomas Dolby, J. V. Conk- 
Hn, James Fickel, Alfred Gray, Elias Tharpp and G. 
W. Vaughn. 

The charter however was retained and on February 
8, 1901, the Post was reorganized with the following 
officers : Robert A. Shaw, Commander ; John Cavinee,. 
Sen. V. Com., O .R. Barnhart, Jun. V. Com. ; J. V. 
Conklin, Q. M.; H. Smalley, Surgeon; Geo. W. Big- 
low, Chaplain ; Thomas Thompson, Officer of the Day ,*: 
R. Copeland, Officer of the Guard ; John M. Strickler,. 


^oman^s Relief Corps, No. 165. 

Jonathan Watson Woman's Relief Corps was char- 
tered November 8, 1886, with the following officers 
and charter members: Victoria Maught, President; 
Mary Kindler, S. V. P.; Maggie Rarey, J. V. P.;. 
Nellie Willie, Secretary ; Ina Sharp, Treasurer ; Mary 
Sandy, Chaplain ; Hannah Shaw, Con. ; Lizzie Cope- 
land, Assist. Con. ; Anna Mansfield, G. ; Lida Thomp- 
son, Assist. G. ; Kate Gill and Anna Reed. Meetings 
were held in the G. A. R. hall. Various means, such as 
festivals, camp-fires and entertainments were given for 
the purpose of assisting the Post. Among the most 
notable of the entertainments undertaken was the ren- 
dering of '*The Queen of Fame'' the details of which 
are given in another chapter. 

The organization disbanded in June, 1893. The 
last officers were : Mrs. Nettie Willie, President ; Mrs. 
Jane Reeves, S. V. P. ; Mrs. Mary Sandy, J. V. P. ; 
Mrs. Lida Thompson, Secretary, Mrs. Bettie Dolby,. 
Chap.; Mrs. Anna Mansfield, Con.; Mrs. Kate Sey- 
mour, G. 


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Sons of Veterans, No, 107. 

The John Wallace Camp, Sons of Veterans was 
organized at Groveport, December 8, i886 with the 
following charter members : George Copeland, Capt. ; 
James Spencer, ist Lieut.; Harry Kindler, 2d Lieut.; 
L. B. Wheeler, Chaplain, E. J. Pettit, Q. M. Sergt. ; 
G. F. Sharp, ist Sergt.; L. H. Hamler, color sergt.; 
W. E. Thompson, Sergt. of G. ; E. J. Spencer, Corp. 
of G. ; L. G. Mansfield, Camp G. : Edward Hamler, 
Picket ; W. E. Smith, C. M. Additional members mus- 
tered in were Thos. Hamler, Isaac Musselman, Jacob 
Cavinee Jr., Geo. Willie. This camp was instituted 
by H. F. Guerin and J. M. Walcutt. This charter was 
surrendered on June 8th, 1887. The meetings were 
in the G. A. R. hall. 

RetinioQ of the USth Regt., O. V* L 
In the summer of 1887, a Committee of Arrange- 
ments was raised by appointment of Mayor B. F. Gay- 
man and by Alfred Cannon Post, consisting of Capt. 
Philip Game, S. E. Bailey, Sol. S. Lehman, W. H. 
Hartsough and Geo. F. Bareis. Great preparations 
were made in the way of decorations which have never 
been excelled in Winchester, and especially for the big 
dinner that was served in the *'Rink." The commit- 
tee on " Dinner and Tables" was organized into com- 
panies, each having a captain. Each member of the 
several companies was designated to prepare some 
certain hot dish as Baked Beans, Pot-pie, etc. ; in this 
way a warm dinner was served to some 800 or 900 
persons. The Reunion took place on September 20, 
1887. The procession which was a large one, formed 
near the depot on High street, then marched to Mound, 


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on Mound to Elm, on Elm to Washington, on Wash- 
ington to West, on West to Columbus, countermarched 
on Columbus to High, on High to Waterloo, on Water- 
loo to Trine, on Trine to Mound, on Mound to High, 
then to Game's Opera House. A male chorus fur- 
nished the music; the chorus consisting of 1st Tenors, 
Joe S. Ashe and Milt Armpriester ; 2d Tenors, J. W. 
Shook and M. M. Werner; ist Bass, Frank Brown and 
B. F. Cayman ; 2d Bass, L. H. Schuh and C. L. Boyer. 
Rev. L. H. Schuh, director and Edna Lawyer, organ- 
ist. *The Winchester Times" of September 28, 1887 
says of the reunion, '*It was the grandest and most 
successful occasion in the history of Winchester. 
Everything moved like clock work, and there was not 
a single mistake." 


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"'Ho! all ye farmers roundabout , and village people, too. 
Don't fail to come to Winchester , whatever you may do; 
For 'tis the season of the year — and mark it well with care 
When folks of country and of town conspire to hold a fair, 
'Twill be the opportunity to meet your old time friend; 
'Twill be the time, young lass or lad, a happy day to spend. 
Of all the things to be displayed, of love or beauty rare. 
No better place may well be found than C. Winchester Fair, 
— Rev. J. P. Stahl in Winchester Times. 

On February 27, 1846, "A Bill for the Encourage- 
ment of Agriculture," was passed, creating The Ohio 
State Board of Agriculture. Out of the fifty-three 
members, but nine were present — while ten were re- 
quired to make a quorum. At its first meeting on the 
first Wednesday of April, 1846, Secretary Miller says 
""We do not find the fact recorded, but according to 
tradition, a messenger was sent after Mr. Chaney. 
(Judge John Chaney, who then lived near Carroll), 
the member whose home was nearest Columbus, where 
the meeting was held, and by hard riding during a part 
of a very stormy night, Mr. Chaney reached the city 
before midnight and a legal organization of the Board 
was thus secured.'' 



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At the second annual State Fair, held at Columbus, 
in 185 1, two Madison township farmers secured pre- 
miums : W. H. Rarey, 2d best filly, i year old, $3.00 ; 
and Moses Seymour, 2d best stallion, 4 years old, $10. 

On September 6, 1851, the Frankin County Agri- 
cultural Society was organized and the following Oc- 
tober held its first fair. Among the most active, and 
one of the first directors was Wm. H. Rarey. In May, 
i8t;2, he was reele-^ted and became one among the first 
seven Life-members by the payment of twenty dollars 
towards purchasing the Franklin County Fair 
Grounds, now Franklin Park. In 1853 Moses Sey- 
mour was elected vice president, and Chas. W. Speaks 
a director. In 1854, Moses Seymour, in 1855, Chas. 
Pontius and Alexander Moobery and in 1857, Wm. T. 
Decker served as directors. 

At the county fair held in October, 1851, Madison 
township citizens secured eleven of a total of sixty- 
four premiums offered, viz: Moses Seymour, best 
stallion, $5 ; Wm. H. Rarey, 2d best stallion, $3 ; John 
S. Rarey, best two year old colt, $2; Charles 
Pontius, best filly, two year old, $3; Wm. Toy, 2d 
best stud colt. Diploma ; Wm. Toy, 2d best brood mare 
and foal, $3 ; Wm. H. Rarey, best sow, $3 ; Wm. H. 
Rarey, best sow and pigs, $1 ; C. J. Stevenson, best 
saddle and bridle, $2 ; W. S. Hopkins, best needle work 
(quilt), $2; Columbus and Groveport Turnpike Co., 
best road, two certificates. All the five dollar premi- 
ums were paid in silver cups and all the three dollar 
premiums in silver medals. September 15, 1854, 
Chas. Pontius was awarded a book ''The American 
Cattle Doctor/' for the best bull calf. 


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In the fall of 1857, the Madison township Agricul- 
tural Society was organized, each of the following per- 
sons having subscribed five dollars, which constituted 
a membership fee, viz: Moses Seymour, Abraham 
Sharp, Geo. McCormick, Solomon Woodring, C. 
Rarey, Kalita Sallee, J. H. Feam, Dr. G. L. Smith, 
Wm. H. Bishop, Dr. Hugh L. Chaney, C. P. Dildine, 
Ezekiel Groom, O. P. Chaney, R. Hendren, Jacob 
Arnold, Moses Zinn,. T. C. Hendren, Jacob Rohr, S. 
Stimmel, Fred Swisher, J. H. Rees, John G. Edwards, 
Samuel Sharp, Chas. Pontius, James Needels, Henry 
Long, Fred Bunn, John McGuffy, Wm. T. Decker, 
Tohn Swisher, John Cox, Jacob Sarber, Thornton 
Decker, Z. H. Perrill, A. L. Perrill, Edward Gares, 
Adam Havely, Elias Helpman, C. F. Needels, Elisha 
B. Decker and others whose names we could not se- 
cure. The above list of names is representative of the 
most substantial and enterprising citizens of the town- 
ship of that day. The first officers were, Moses Sey- 
mour, President ; C. P. Dildine, Vice President ; Ed- 
ward Gares, Secretary ; and Samuel Sharp, Treasurer. 
The first fair was held the same fall and annual fairs 
thereafter until the fall of 1875. October, 1875, the Co- 
in pnbus Gazette says **The Madison township fair was 
a failure on account of rain." March 16, 1876, the fol- 
lowing notice appeared in the Winchester Times: "A 
.meeting of the citizens of Madison township will be 
held in the town hall, Groveport, on Saturday, March 
25, 1876, for the purpose of nominating candidates for 
the office of president, vice president, secretary, treas- 
urer and members of the Madison Township Agricul- 
tural Society for the ensuing year. By order of J. P. 
Arnold, President. 


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Neither any of the records, nor the result of this 
last election could be found, further than that C. Fay 
Needels was elected president. In the summer of 
1878, the grounds and buildings were sold to M. Cor- 
bett under an execution issued in favor of Lee Lodge, 
L O. O. F. of Winchester. The summons of Sheriff 
Josiah Kinnear contains the names of the Directors as 
follows, viz: Moses Seymour, Henry Long, Chas. 
Pontius, Wm. F. Decker, E. B. Decker and C. P. Dil- 

The fair ground was located on the Groveport and 
Winchester pike, on the northeast quarter of section 
No. 22 and contained about seven acres. No details of 
the receipts, attendance, etc., could be obtained ; there 
is however no question but that the Madison Township. 
Agricultural Society had much to do with the devel- 
opment of the stock and grain industries of the town- 
ship. We were not able to verify, nor can we deny the 
common report that more stock was entered for exhi- 
bition at this fair during its first years, than at the 
Franklin County or even at the Ohio State Fairs. 

A special stable was erected for John S. Rarey^s 
famous horse. Cruiser; it stood on the east side of the 
grounds near a clump of trees. 

"^incheskef Fair* 

For several seasons previous to 1898 the members: 
of Madison Grange would bring to their hall, on a 
stated day, some of the choice products of their 
farms, for mutual observation and benefit. These dis- 
plays grew to such proportions that it was proposed 
to hold a public display; accordingly an agricultural 
and art fair was held on October 21 and 22, 1898, in 

the old foundry building, under the auspices of Mad- 
20 H M T. 

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ison Grange. There were three hundred and sixty- 
three entries besides those in the Pet Stock show. No 
entry nor admission fee was charged; the premiums, 
which consisted of cash and articles of merchandise 
were contributed by members of the grange, merchants 
of Winchester and others. 

The second annual fair was held in the Central 
Ohio Baling Company's shed, on October 6 and 7, 
1899. under the same auspices. 

The third annual exhibition was held in the baling 
shed on October 3 and 4, 1900, by the Winchester Fair 
Association; the active members of this organization 
consisted of members of the grange and business men 
of Winchester. The premiums of cash and merchan- 
dise amounted to $242.75. 

The fourth annual fair was held on October 2 and 
3, 1901. The old rink building, on west Waterloo 
street, with the addition of three canvas tents fur- 
nished the shelter. Heretofore no admission fee was 
quired, this year an admisison fee of ten cents, single 
admission, or 25 cents season ticket was tried with a 
view to putting the fair on a more nearly self-support- 
ing basis, with the following result: Total expenses, 
$317.80. The receipts for admissions was $268.70 
and the balance to pay for the expenditures was made 
up by an assessment of 20 per cent on a guarantee 
fund previously subscribed. 

Each succeeding year the attendance has increased 
and the displays are larger and better than the year 


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""r/ie first farmer was the Urst man, and all historic nobility 
rests on possession and use of land" 

— Emerson. 

At the annual meeting of the Ohio State Board 
of Agriculture in the Fall of 1880, Secretary W. I. 
Chamberlain "Asked for authority to co-operate with 
local or county agricultural societies and Granges in 
calling and organizing Farmers' Institutes or Agri- 
cultural conventions." Oliver P. Chaney, of Win- 
chester, who was a member of the board, then offered 
the following motion, which was adopted : "That the 
Secretary of this Board be authorized to proceed 
forthwith to enlarge the work of the Department of 
Agriculture for the better promotion of the agricul- 
tural and stock-breeding interests of the state, and to 
defray the expense of carrying on the work during the 
remainder of the fiscal year, he be authorized to ex- 
pend not to exceed the sum of one thousand dollars." 

The first Autumn meeting of the Central Ohio 
Farmers* Institute was held in the City Hall, Colum- 
bus, on October 20th and 21st, 1887. Absalom Rohr 
of Madison township was tnen elected a member of 
the executive committee. Ine following December a 
meeting was called at Groveport, at which Edw. A. 
Peters, Absalom Rohr, Charles Toy, Welton Sey- 
mour, O. D. Harris, Miner Seymour, John A. Kile 


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and Franklin C. Pontius were present. The report 
that they could secure aid from the State Board of 
Ai2:riculture encouraged them to organize an Institute 
which they named **The Franklin Farmers' Institute." 
The following officers were then elected: Edw. A. 
Peters, president, Miner Seymour, secretary, and 
Absalom Rohr, treasurer. The first institute was held 
at Groveport on Friday and Saturday, December 23d 
and 24th, 1887. The speakers were Rev. A. B. Brice^ 
D. D., Rev. W. R. Parsons, L. W. Bonham, Joseph A. 
Kitzmiller, A. A. Graham and Professors H. A. 
Weber, C. N. Brown and W. H. Hartssough. The 
second institute was held at Groveport on January 21st 
and 22d, 1889; the speakers were Rev. A. R. Miller, 
J. T. Hickman, T. B. Terry, W. R. Parsons, F. P. 
Dill and Professors H. A. Weber, W. H. Hartsough 
and W. R. Lozenby. Music by the Winchester Brass 
Band. The third annual institute was held at Win- 
chester on February loth and nth, 1890. The speak- 
ers were Prof. C. M. Weed, T. B. Terry, S. H. Ellis, 
F. P. Dill, B. F. Gayman, E. A. Peters, Chas. W. 
Bachman, Thos. Fitzgerald and Miss M. C. Alspach. 
The fourth was held at Groveport on January 26th 
and 27th, 1891 ; the speakers were J. T. Hickman, W. 
W. Farnsworth, J. L. Shawver, C. P. Aubert, John 
L. Chaney, Geo. L. Hendren, J. A. Wilcox and Rev. 
Geo. W. Lott. The first annual picnic was held in O. 
P. Chaney*s grove on August 13, 1891. The speakers 
were General S. H. Hurst, Waldo F. Brown, Rev. W. 
R. Parsons and Rev. James Heffly. The fifth at Win- 
chester February 17th and i8th, 1892. The speakers 
were T. B. Terry, E. C. Ellis, J. H. Brigham, W. G. 
Green, Mayor W. S. Alspach, James P. Kalb, Edw. 
A. Peters, Amor R. Smith, Rev. L. C. Sparks, Geo. 


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L. Hendren and Miss Dora O. Sando. The second 
annual picnic was held in Franklin park, Columbus, on 
August 25, 1892. The sixth at Groveport, December 
9th and loth, 1892. The speakers were J. L. Shaw- 
ver, A. T. McKelvey, Prof. Wm. R. Lazenby, Wm. 
Stahl, B. F. Gayman, Geo. L. Hendren, A. R. Smith, 
John L. Chaney, and E. A. Peters. 

The third annual picnic was held in Lehman's grove 
on Saturday, August 17th, 1893. The speakers were 
Hon. A. T. McKelvey, Prof. Thos. F. Hunt, and Hon. 
B. F. Gayman. The attendance was estimated at be- 
tween two thousand and three thousand. 

The seventh at Winchester February 2d and 3d, 

1894. The speakers were J. H. Brigham, Prof. Sam- 
uel Johnson, Hon. F. B. McNeal, Mayor W. S. Als- 
pach, John W. Kile, Dr. L. W. Beery, E. M. Mills, 
John F. Bachman, and Prof. H. H. Shipton. 

The fourth annual picnic was held in Lehman's 
grove on August 22, 1894. The speakers were Hon. 
W. L Chamberlain and Hon. Alva Agee. 

The 8th at Groveport February 4th and 5th, 1895. 
The speakers were Dr. W. L Chamberlain, L N. Bon- 
ham, Prof. Thos. F. Hunt, A. R. Smith, Prof. H. H. 
Shipton and Mrs. W. F. Barr. 

The fifth picnic was held in Lehman's grove on 
August 22d, 1895. The speakers were General S. 
H. Hurst and Hon. A. T. McKelvey. 

The 9th at Groveport, December 17th and i8th, 

1895. The speakers were S. H. Todd, F. A. Derthick, 
Hon. J. B. McNeal, Mrs. Myers, W. T. Betz and G. 
W. Stockman. 

The sixth picnic was held in Lehman's grove on 
August 26th, 1896. The speakers were S. H. Ellis 
and Geo. E. Scott. 


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The tenth at Winchester on January 6th and 7th^ 
1897. The speakers were Hon. J. H. Brigham, Gen- 
eral S. H. Hurst, C. W. Burkett, Mrs. M. S. King, 
Prof. W. A. Kellerman, Prof. U. S. Brandt, C. L. 
Newberry and Hon. B. F. Gayman. 

The seventh picnic was held in Lehman's grove 
on August 19th, 1897. Speakers, Hon. J. E. Black- 
bum, Hon. E. E. Elliot and W. T. Betz. 

The eleventh institute was held at Groveport Jan- 
uary i6th and 17th, 1898. The speakers were O. E. 
Bradfute, T. C. Laylin, Prof. Aug. D. Selby, Mrs. 
M. S. King, N. C. Marion, Samuel Taylor and Geo» 
F. Bareis 

The eighth picnic was held in Lehman's grove on 
August i8th, 1898. The speakers were T. C. Laylin, 
C. M. Freeman and Mrs. M. S. King. 

The twelfth was held at Winchester on December 
26th and 27th, 1898. The speakers were W. W. Fams- 
worth, G. C. Housekeeper, Prof. Thos. F. Hunt, Rev. 
J. P. Stahl, John F. Bachman, and Hon. B. F. Gay- 

The ninth annual picnic was held in Mrs. Rhoda 
Rohr's grove, August 10, 1899. The speakers were 
Rev. L. H. Schuh and R. H. Wallace. 

The thirteenth was held at Groveport on January 
26th and 27th, 1900. The speakers were S. H. Todd, 
F. L. Allen and E. M. Fickel. 

The tenth annual picnicf was held in Lehman's 
grove on August 9th, 1900. The speakers were Pres- 
ident W. O. Thompson and Warren J. Smith. 

The fourteenth annual institute was held at Win- 
chester Februarv 15th and i6th, 1901. The speakers 
were W. N. Cowden, Lowell Roudebush, Prof. J. W. 


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Decker, Herbert Osborn, Dr. J. D. King and A. L. 
Peters. No picnic was held in 1901. 

The fifteenth annual institute was held at Groveport 
February 21st and 22d, 1902. The institute speakers 
were G. C. Housekeeper and W. N. Cowden and the 
local speakers were Prof. Geo. C. Dietrich, S. B. Davis, 
Mrs. Hettie Myers, Mrs. Ellen Bowman and Miss 
Elizabeth King. 

The successive officers have been : 

Presidents — Edw. A. Peters, John W. Kile, John 
F. Bachman, Edw. A. Peters, Edw. S. Tussing, John 
F. Bachman and Qint A. Stevenson. 

Secretaries — Miner Seymour, died December 28, 
1887; R. Judson Tussing, Morris Kile, Theo. D. Kalb, 
Amor Smith, and A. W. Strode. 

Treasurers — Absalom Rohr, Edw. S. Tussing, 
McC. Seymour, Charles Baird, Theo. D. Kalb. 

MadlM» Grange, No, 194. 

Was instituted November 4th, 1873, by S. H. Ellis, 
and worked under a dispensation until March 23d, 
1874, when it was chartered. 

The charter members were Garrett W. Miller and 
wife, James P. Kalb and wife, John Beggs, John S. 
Lehman and wife, John Courtright, Geo. W. Ruse and 
wife, Benoni Steman, John Bishop, Isaac Lehman, 
Absalom Bowman and wife, Wesley Lawrence and 
wife, Andrew French, Miss Jennie French, Joseph 
Lehman and wife, Samuel Lehman and wife, B. B. 
Shoemaker, B. F. Leidy and wife, Samuel Bowman 
and wife, Noah Rinesmith, P. S. Kiner and John 
Schrock. The first officers were: James P. Kalb, 
M. ; John S. Lehman, O. ; John Beggs, L. ; John Bishop, 
secretary; Isaac Lehman, treasurer. 


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The first meetings were held in the Samuel Bart- 
lit building, just south of the canal bridge. In 1874 
they erected the building on North High street, the 
upper floor of which has since been occupied as a 
meeting place. The presiding officers have been 
James P. Kalb, 1874, 1877, 1879; Garrett W. Miller, 
1875, 1878, 1881, 1883; B. F. Ashbrook, 1876; R. J 
Tussing, 1880, 1892; John S. Lehman, 1882; Sam. S 
Lehman, 1884, 1887; Ed. S. Tussing, 1885, 1886, 1890, 
1891, 1897-1899; John M. Lehman, 1888, 1889, 1893 
1900, 1901 ; James A. Alspach, 1894; Amor R. Smith 

1895, 1896. 

Hamilton Craoge, No. 436. 

Was chartered in the spring of 1874, and instituted 
with the following officers : Elias Shook, M. ; Chris- 
tian Kartzholtz, O. ; T. M. Huddle, C. ; A. P. Sawyer, 
L. ; J. C. Platter, Secy., and the following other char- 
ter members : A. C. Finks, Rebecca Shook, J. J. Rohr, 
Job Rohr, Elizabeth Thompson, G. L. Thompson and 
R. M. Williams. The organization was eflfected and 
the first few meetings were held in the Lockbourne 
school house ; then for a short time the meetings were 
held at the residence of Elias Shook and later in the 
lower hall of the Masonic building. In 1879 the mem- 
bership was reported to be about thirty. In the spring 
of 1 88 1 the organization changed its meeting place 
from Lockbourne to Groveport. The date of the first 
minutes at Groveport is May 7, 188 1, with the follow- 
ing officers: Wm. H. Rohr, M. ; Elias Shook, O. ; 
T. M. Huddle, Chap. ; Charles Pontius, L. ; Absalom 
Rohr, Secy. Since then the officers have been: In 
1882: Wm. H. Rohr, M.; J. C. Wright, O.; Chas. 
Pontius, L. ; Joseph Brantner, Chap. ; Ab. Rohr, Secy. 
In 1883 : Wm. H. Rohr, M. ; J. V. Wright, O. ; Rhoda 


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Rohr, L, ; Wm. Wright, Chap. ; Ab. Rohr, Secy. In 
1884: Wm. Wright, M.; N. P. Vause, O.; J. C. 
Wright, Chap. ; Chas. Pontius, L. ; Rhoda Rohr, Secy. 
In 1885: Wm. Wright. M.; N. P. Vause, O.; A. C. 
Finks, L. ; I. W. Wright, Chap. ; Ab. Rohr, Secy. In 
1886: A. C. Finks, M.; R. M. Williams, O.; F. G. 
Pontius, Chap.; W. H. Rohr, L. ; Ab. Rohr, Secy. 
We could not get the record of officers between 1886 
and January 5, 1895, when they were Rhoda Rohr, M. ; 
Ella Baird, O. ; McC. Seymour, L. ; Theo. D. Kalb, 
Chap.; Edw. A. Peters, Secy. In 1896: Rhoda Rohr, 
M. ; Ella Baird, O. ; Harley E. Rainer, L. ; Chas. 
Rohr, Chap.; Morris Kile, Secy. In 1897: Rhoda 
Rohr, M. ; Ella Baird, O. ; E. A. Peters, L. ; A. W. 
Strode, Chap.; Morris Kile, Secy. In 1898: Same 
as in 1897. In 1899: Rhoda Rohr, M. ; Ella Baird, 
O. ; Geo. L. Hendren, L. ; Ida Strode, Chap. ; Mor- 
ris Kile, Secy. In 1900: Chas. S. Baird, M.; Welton 
Seymour, O. ; A. W. Strode, L. ; Ida Strode, Chap. ; 
Morris Kile, Secy. In 1901 : Chas. S. Baird, M. ; 
O. D. Harris, O. ; Rhoda Rohr, L. ; Ida Strode, Chap. ; 
A. W. Strode, Secy. The following members have 
died: Joseph Brantner, January 2, 1886; Miner Sey- 
mour, December 27, 1887; Absalom Rohr, April 10, 
1889; Harry W. Rohr, December 22, 1890; Benjamin 
C. Simms, January 17, 1891 ; Wm. Goodwin, Septem- 
ber 22, 1892; Mrs. O. D. Harris, December 5, 1892; 
Mary Johnson, April 23, 1900 ; S. R. Helsel, January, 
1900; E. Tod Rohr, December, 1900; Clara J. Pon- 
tius, May 5, 1900; George Seymour, March 9, 1901. 
The members of Madison and Hamilton Granges, 
comprising many of the most progressive and enterpris- 
ing farmers of Madison and adjoining townships, had 
very much to do with the organization of Franklin 


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Farmers Institute and other movements looking to the 
general welfare and advantage of the township, and 
they have always had the hearty sympathy and co-oper- 
ation of the business men and other citizens. These or- 
ganizations affords their members a splendid oppor- 
tunity to discuss the various problems that concern 
their calling in the regular monthly meetings. 


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''There is a little public house 

Which every one may close: 
It is the little public house, 

Just underneath the nose.*' 


What was known as the Washington Temperance 
movement was started in 1842-1843. This agitation 
led to organizations both at Groveport and at Win- 
chester; the former held meetings for many years in 
the school house. In 1846 Dr. J. B. Thompson of Co- 
lumbus instituted a "Sons of Temperance" lodge at the 
M. E. church in Winchester. Meetings were held for 
a time in the house now occupied by Moses Gaymon 
on lot No. I, and later in the house now occupied by^ 
Mrs. Selby on lot No. 10, then owned by Wm. Curtis. 
Only a few of the members can be recalled: Dr. J. 
B. Potter, J. B. Evans, A. Hathaway, Wm. Curtis and 
Joe Miller. In the winter of 1871-1872 a lodge of I. 
O. Good Templars was organized at Winchester. 
Meetings were held over the Samuel Bartlit store, and 
later in Bergstresser's Hall. On December 17, 1872^ 
Groveport Lodge No. 400, I. O. G. T., was instituted 
by Bro. Gill, with the following officers, viz. : M. A. 
Shaner, Chief Templar ; Miss R. McCollough, V. T. i 
Rev. S. M. Bright, Chap. ; Miss Mattie K. Long, R. 
S. ; W. L. Powell, F. S. ; Mary Young, Asst. S. ; G. 



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S. Dildine, M. ; Mrs. A. Chandler, A. M.; Miss Lizzie 
Howell, I. G.; B. F. Champe, O. G.; Geo. Kalb, 
Treas. ; Mrs. A. T. Hendren, R. H. S. ; Mrs. D. R. 
Champe, L. H. S. ; Wm. Chandler, L. Dept. This 
charter was surrendered in 1875. The meetings were 
held in Rarey's Hall, which burned June 13, 1882. On 
April 7, 1884, another lodge was organized and named 
Morning Bright Lodge, No. 562. It was instituted 
by Rev. Milburn with the following officers and mem- 
bers: N. J. Kidwell, C. T. ; Miss Mary Mason, V. 
T. ; Miss Maud Champe, R. S. ; Wilmer Fisher, F. S. ; 
Wm. H. Bishop, Treas. ; Rev. J. B. Bradrick, Chap. ; 
Jacob Reed, M.; Miss Lula Wright, Dept. M. ; Ed. 
Peters, O. G. ; Kate Bradfield, L G., and A. J. Brad- 
field, C. Black, Sr., Chas. Stewart, Lydia Whims, B. 
Reed, L. Crosley, C. Patrick, Lydia Black, Eliza Black, 
Julia Bradfield, Kate Gill, Kate Cutshall, Jennie Click, 
Susan Howell, Ann McCollough, Mrs. A. B. Rarey 
and Lula Wright. Meetings were held in Biglow's 
Hall on Main street. 

The Woman's Crusade* 

Dr. Dio Lewis, a Boston physician and lecturer, in 
a lecture at Hillsboro, Ohio, on December 23, 1873, 
urged the women to go into the saloons and pray. The 
next morning the women met and while singing the 
hymn — the first two lines of which became the watch- 
word of the movement — 

"Give to the winds thy fears, 
Hope and be undismayed," 

formed in line, two by two, and proceeded to visit the 
saloons and drug stores. In April, 1874, the first 
meeting was held in Winchester, and the following 


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'officers elected : Mrs. J. B. Evans, Pres. ; Mrs. C. 
F. Yost, 1st V. Pres.; Mrs. Jonathan Vaught, 2d V. 
Pres.; Mrs. J. W. Hische, 3d V. Pres.; Mrs. Prof. 
Kumler, Secy.; Mrs. Jas. P. Kramer, Asst. Secy., and 
Mrs. Rev. S. P. Manger, Treas. Enthusiastic meet- 
ings were held at the M. E. and U. B. churches alter- 
nately. The object of the crusade was the closing of 
the saloons by moral suasion. The saloons of Elijah 
D. Orwig, John M. Schoch, John Gehm & Bro. and 
John Kissell were visited. Prayer, Scripture reading 
and singing constituted the service. Where admitted 
the service was conducted in the saloon, at other places 
on the sidewalk just in front of the doors, the women 
always kneeling during the prayers. The daily visits 
of the crusadors attracted large crowds. Besides the 
officers mentioned above, the following others joined 
the crusade : Mrs. David Gayman, Mrs. Geo. Powell, 
Mrs. W. C. McClintook, Mrs. M. C. Whitehurst, Mrs. 
A. A. Short, Mrs. J. B. Potter, Mrs. E. B. PoUoy, Mrs. 
Wm. Cater, Mrs. C. P. Rees, Mrs. O. L. Dibble, Mrs. 
Samuel Deshler, Mrs. Binkly, Mrs. Somerville, Mrs. 
A. Starr, Mrs. Moore, Mrs. Isaac Ebright, Mrs. L. C. 
Bartlit, Mrs. John Kramer, Mrs. Sarah Miller, Mrs. 
Sarah Helpman, Mrs. Martin Kramer, Mrs. Bailey, 
Mrs. Cater, Mrs. Elisha Himrod, Mrs. Mary Wilson 
and Misses Kate Moore, Abigail Gayman, Mary 
Speaks, Laura Whitehurst, Jennie Somerville, Anna 
Helpman, Sarah Derr and Mary Tallman. Meetings 
were held at stated times for some three years, until 
the Murphy movement was inaugurated. 

We failed to find the records of the crusade move- 
ment at Groveport. The following list of names, not 
at all complete, is made from memory : Mrs. Geo. W. 
Kalb, leader; Mrs. G. P. Champe, Mrs. S. M. Bright,. 


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Mrs. A. McCoy, Mrs. Wm. Chandler, Mrs. Z. C. 
Payne, Mrs. J. F. Wildermuth, Mrs. Samuel Leigh, 
Mrs. G. W. Bigelow, Mrs. Henry Long, Mrs. W. V. 
Decker and others. 

Murphy Movement : The Murphy movement was 
inaugurated at M. E. church in Winchester on Satur- 
day evening, April 21, 1877, Rev. W. C. Holliday, pas- 
tor. Rev. Chadwick, Messrs. Kent, Arnold and Bar- 
ringer, of Columbus, and Dr. Von Bonhorst, of Lan- 
caster, spoke, and remained over Sunday. Eighty 
signed a pledge card the first evening, and at a meeting 
held at the U. B. church on Sunday evening about 80 
others signed it. Such excitement on temperance was 
never known in the township before. At the meeting 
on Monday night Actor Hall, an ex-saloonist ; Dunn, 
Alger, Greenleaf and Windel — all said to be ex-drunk- 
ards — occupied seats on the platform. Pastors of the 
M. E., U. B. and Reformed churches were active in 
the movement. "Blue Ribbon" is the badge. On 
Tuesday evening at U. B. church Mark Wilson, one 
of Francis Murphy's converts in Pittsburg; Jacob 
Baugher and Wm. Brown of Lithopolis made speeches, 
and 50 more signed, and the following committee was 
appointed to "keep the ball rolling:" Revs. Holliday, 
Johnson, Manager and W. R. Miller, and Messrs. John 
Helpman, J. B. Evans, David Cayman, Ezra Fought, 
B. F. Cayman, E. B. Decker and C. W. Speaks. "On 
Wednesday evening meeting held in Game's Hall 
(churches too small) ; speakers Mr. Wilson of Pitts- 
burg, and Mr. Loyd of Columbus." "Thursday even- 
ing hall again filled; meeting conducted by Thomas 
Arnold of Lithopolis, and Winchester boys followed 
with speeches." Friday evening meeting led by Trac> 
Bros, and Alger of Columbus, said to be converted 


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drunkards. At close of Friday evening's meeting about 
400 had signed the pledge. 

"On Sunday Revs. Holliday and Chadwick, with 
some Winchester boys, went to Asbury and Powell's 
and got 70 signers.*' "On Sunday evening many could 
not get into hall on account of the large crowds. Rev. 
Chadwick spoke, followed by 'Bricky' Helpman, Chas. 
Allen, Al. Decker and Al. Gayman, and another loo 
signed." On Monday evening a permanent organi- 
zation was effected and a constitution adopted, which 
had been recommended by a committee consisting of 
Rev. W. C. Holliday, M. C. Whitehurst and O. P. 
Chaney. Rev. A. C. Kelley, Pres. ; Adam Shaner, ist 
Vice Pres. ; H. S. Binkley, 2d V. P. ; W. D. Beeks, 
Secy. ; B. F. Gayman, Asst. Secy. ; J. B. Evans, Treas. 
Executive Committee: John Helpman, Wm. Hesser, 
W. R. Miller, Henry Eply and F. Leonard. Sunday, 
April 29, Rev. S. P. Manger and Bricky Helpman held 
a meeting at Royalton, and Rev. Holliday and Bert 
Chaney one at Pickerington. Gen. Joe Geiger spoke at 
U. B. church May 9, and on same evening about 50 
persons went with Adam Shaner to Carroll, where he 

On Thursday evening. May 10, Wm. Helpman, 
Chas. Allen, Allie Gayman and Thommy Morton con- 
ducted a meeting at Pickerington. A "Musply* pic- 
nic was held in John P. Morris* grove on June 17, 
Adam Shaner, Wm. Helpman and E. B. Dolson speak- 
ers. June 14 an ice cream festival was held for benefit 
of a public library, and on July 2 at a citizens' meeting 
at Game's Hall a committee was appointed to have 
charge of the library and reading room. Many per- 
sons donated books, among them Samuel Bartlitt and 
Mrs. Palloy 100 volumes. Mrs. C. Eherhart donated 


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one-half the profits of two days' sales, amounting to 
$9.00, etc. Altogether about 300 volumes had been do- 
nated. The library and reading room was formally 
opened December 24, 1877. A brief address was de- 
livered by Rev. A. C. Kelley, one of the Trustees. 
Regular weekly Murphy meetings were kept up until 
October 4, 1879, when a Woman's Christian Temper- 
ance Union was organized, with the following crfficers, 
viz.: John Helpman, Pres. ; Aaron Smith, ist V. P.; 
David Cayman, 2d V. P.; Chas. Allen, Secy.; Geo. 
B. Hische, Asst. Secy. ; Sarah Miller, Treas. ; John 
Helpman, Chas. Allen, W. R. Miller, H. S. Binkley and 
Adam Shaner, executive committee. 

Miss De\'elling, of Massachusetts, addressed a 
temperance meeting in Winchester October 18, 1879; 
Col. Isaac Tucker, November 21, 1879; Mrs. Mary A. 
Woodbridge, president of the W. C. T. U. of Ohio, 
December 19, 20 and 21, 1879; George Colderwood, 
May 6 and 7, 1880; 575 persons signed the temper- 
ance pledge from April 21, 1877, to April, 1880. Most 
of the above information is obtained from the minute 
books and from the "Winchester Times." 

Murphy Movement at Gfoveport* 

The first meeting was held on Wednesday evening, 
April 25, 1877. Rev. Chadwick led the meeting and 
Messrs. Alger, Dunn, Kent and Windle were the speak- 
ers; 150 persons went forward to a table and signed 
the pledge. Thursday and Friday evening 100 more 
signed. On Sunday evening Col. Isaac Tucker spoke, 
also John Corbett, Mr. Rarey, H. H. Scofield and oth- 
ers. It is estimated that 85 per cent, of the inhab- 
itants had signed the pledge. 


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Mrs. D. R. Champe, of Groveport, has been one of 
the most intelligent, persistent and successful temper- 
ance workers in this township. Every Sunday after- 
noon for many years she has gathered' the children of 
the village about her, instilling into their minds the 
beauty and safety of a temperate life. It is interest- 
ing to note that Mrs. Champe was a college mate of 
•* Mother" Stewart, the distinguished temperance or- 
ganizer. Mrs. Champe's family name was Solomon^ 
and Mrs. Stewart's was Daniels, so at college they 
were called "Sol" and "Dan," and by these abbrevia- 
tions they still love to address each other. The follow- 
ing extract from a letter written by "Mother" Stewart 
in May of 1900, to Mrs. Champe, reveals somewhat of 
the spirit and purpose of these devoted women. 
" *Sol,' My Darling Old Time Classmate of Marietta 
Seminary : Oh, what a long, weary journey has been 
ours. Many a weary mile, over stoney ways that 
bruised, and thorny paths that pierced our feet. But 
tl.e service was for Jesus and poor suffering humanity, 
and without ambition to be seen of men or to overreach 
others. My work, and yours largely, too, was such 
as others did not, could not, do, so they had no occa- 
sion for jealousy. You and I enlisted *for service dur- 
ing the war ;' we are in it yet, thank the Lord. Our 
ranks have been so sadly thinned, some by death — 
many fell by the way. But our disinterested labor is 
today being remembered and appreciated as never be- 
fore * * * Lovingly, your old-time *Dan.' " 

A local option election was held in Winchester on 
Saturday, June 15, 1887; the result was 135 votes 
"dry" and 47 votes "wet." Another local option elec- 
tion was held on April 26, 1895, when 78 votes were 
cast in favor of local option and 117 against. On 

21 H. M. T. 

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April I, 1895, the voters outside of Groveport and 
Winchester voted on township local option, when the 
following vote was cast : For local option, Winches- 
ter precinct, 109; Groveport precinct, 178; total for 
township local option, 287; against, Winchester pre- 
cinct, 34; Groveport precinct, 84; total against, 118. 
The Groveport council passed prohibitory ordi- 
nances in October, 1887, and in the spring of 1895. 
Ihe first of these was soon after repealed, and the lat- 
ter soon became non-effective. 


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*'Music is well said to be the speech of Angels/' 

— Caklyle. 

During the winter of 1869-1870, Prof. C. B. Hunt 
conducted a singing school in the M. E. Church at 
Winchester; recognizing the prevailing desire for a 
musical education — it is said that one could not be 
out of the sound of a piano or organ anywhere in 
town — he interested Prof. A. N. Johnson, who was 
author of "The True Choir" and other singing books, 
and the president of Allegheny, N. Y., Academy of 
Music, of which Prof. Hunt was a graduate. The 
result was the Franklin Academy of Music, organized 
April 2d, 1870. Prof. A. N. Johnson was elected 
president. Rev. James Heffly secretary and treasurer, 
and Prof. C. B. Hunt principal, each having one-third 
interest. About May ist, 1870, two pianos and two 
organs arrived. The hall over the Bergstresser store- 
room was occupied as a recitation room and the res- 
idence now occupied by Mrs. Selby on Waterloo street 
was used for practice rooms; later the Bergstresser 
residence on West Waterloo street was occupied for 

Prof. Hunt conducted the teaching assisted by occa- 
sional visits from Prof. Johnson until the fall of 1870 
when Miss Pantha Walcott, of Coming, N. Y., was 
secured as an instructor; she boarded with Mrs. 


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Mitchell Allen, who lived on lot No. 17, South High 
street. She had only been here a day or two until 
she took sick with typhoid fever and about two weeks 
later died; the school was dismissed and in a body 
accompanied the remains to the depot. Her father 
arrived a few days before her death and took her re- 
mains back to their home in New York. Prof. Abra- 
ham Brown was then employed and with Prof. Hunt 
conducted the school until the fall of 1871 when they 
both resigned and went to Xenia, Ohio, all the stu- 
dents remaining here except Miss Katie Short. Dr. 
A. Starr, James H. Sumerville and Rev. James HefBy 
then arranged to continue the school and secured Prof. 
Milton P. Suter and Mrs. Anderson as teachers ; this 
arrangement continued for about a year when Prof. 
Suter and Mrs. Anderson removed to Pataskala, O., 
and conducted a school there. Recitals were held 
every Wednesday evening. Tickets were given to the 
students, admitting their friends, enough to fill the hall 
usually attending on these occasions. 

The following is a list of the students as far as 
they can be recalled after a lapse of nearly thirty 
years: Mary Speaks, Linna Somerville, Clara Cater, 
Ella Whitehurst, Ella Vought, Sarah Brunner, Jennie 
Allen, Ella Helpman, Hannah Courtright, Lizzie 
Courtright, Mary Courtright, Zula Bright, Amanda 
Schoch, Laura Dildine, Ella Blake, OUie Hesser, Bet- 
tie Decker, Blanch Bergstresser, Flora Triplett, Hulda 
Whitehead, Maggie Long, Mattie Carlisle, Flora Hunt, 
Gertie Gierhart, Susie Smith, Sadie Thayer, Ida 
Speaks, Emma Doval, Jennie French, Lou Cames, 

Mollie Wilkins, Miss Collins, Katie Stevenson, 

Mellie Whetzel, Alice Baugher, Abigail Cayman, Jen- 
nie Wheeler, Ollie Myers, Ada Myers, Miss Ire- 


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land, Hattie Rodahaber, Jennie Doval, Emma Cousin, 
America Showalter, Victoria Campbell and John Eh- 
renhart, David Saum, Samuel Wilson, Oliver L. Bott, 

David Fry, Henry Blackwood, Mr. Compton, 

Mr. Richardson. 


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In manv respects the career of John S. Rarey, the 
famous horse-tamer — as a horse-trainer he never had 
a superior and probably never had an equal — is un- 
paralleled in history. He was the youngest of eleven 
children, a brother of Wm. H. Rarey who laid out 
the town of Rareys-port and was bom December 6th, 
1827, in the old log tavern kept by his father, Adam 
Rarey, just east of Groveport. When he was but a 
youth of eight or nine years his skill in horsemanship 
already attracted attention. On his twelfth birthday 
his father presented him a pony and so wonderful 
were the feats and antics which he trained it to per- 
form that his reputation soon extended beyond his 
neighborhood. He was educated in the district school 
of his day. In 1850, in company with some of his 
neighbors, he went to Cincinnati to attend the first 
Ohio State Fair. At the time a man by the name of 
Ovid was giving lessons in horse-training across the 
river in Covington. Rarey went over and took a les- 
son and bought a book. Returning home he studied 
his book and put its teaching into practice with the 
result that a horse kicked him and broke his leg. In 
1855, in company with Captain Atkinson, an old steam- 
boat man, he went to Texas and set up as a horse- 
tamer. He was not successful in a financial sense, 
and was looking about for another place when he be- 
came acquainted with an English gentleman who was 



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much impressed with his powers and skill and advised 
him to go to England. Rarey had no money to speak 
of, but returned to Columbus where he gave public 
exhibitions. He then wrote and had printed a little 
book of instructions for the use of his pupils; he 
charged (lo) ten dollars for a lesson, which included 
a book. Several of these small manuals are yet in 
the hands of those who attended Rarey 's lessons, in this 
township, but in every instance the owners declined to 
loan them for inspection, saying **We agreed not to 
show them to any one." 

In 1856 or 1857 he procured letters of introduction 
from Governor Chase to the governor general of 
Canada, whither he went. His remarkable power soon 
attracted attention and secured him letters to the army 
officers of Great Britain. Among them Sir Richard 
Airy, the lieutenant general of the English army. 
The way was at once opened to visit Prince Albert's 
farm, near Windsor Castle, where Colonel and Lady 
May Hood received him. Soon an exhibition before 
Queen Victoria and many other royal spectators fol- 
lowed. His popularity now became world-wide and 
his exhibitions were attended by crowds of every 
class, especially by the ladies of the nobility and gentry. 
The social attentions which he received were among 
the greatest rewards ever bestowed upon a benefactor. 
"Not only the good and great vied with each other 
in doing him honor but also the active members of the 
different humane societies of London took an active in- 
terest in his fortunes and success." 

His skill was so wonderful that many were skep- 
tical and accused him of using drugs or "occult arts." 
Guy Carlton, Earl of Dorchester, owned a blooded 
stallion, foaled in 1852, named Cruiser; his breeding — 


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dam. Little Red Rover, sire, Venison — and early work 
gave promise of a possible derby winner. In 1856 
Lord Dorchester sold a half interest in him to the 
Radcliffe Stud Company for fifteen thousand ($15,- 
000) dollars. Cruiser was a dark bay, nearly sixteen 
hands high, with black legs, main and tail, with a 
symmetrical form, and possessing a combination of the 
best blood in England. 

Cruiser had a very bad temper, and it became dan- 
gerous for any one to enter his stall except at the risk 
of his life ; people said he was crazy. Lord Dorchester 
thinking to put Mr. Rarey's skill to a crucial test, 
challenged him to manage Cruiser, saying, "Cruiser, 
I think, would be the right horse in the right place to 
try Mr. Rarey's skill ; if he can ride Cruiser to Lon- 
don as a hack, I guarantee him immortality and 
enough money to make a British bank director's mouth 
water." Mr. Rarey, in relating this climax in his 
career, is quoted — by the Brighton Gazette of Thurs- 
day, September 22d; 1859 — as saying, "A little over a 
year ago "Cruiser" was the most vicious horse I ever 
saw in my life. He had been kept for more than three 
years in an enclosed box of brick, the door being of 
solid oak plank. When any one opened the door he 
would rush forward to strike or kick him. No one 
dared to go into his box. I will tell you what happened 
at my first interview with him. I believe there is 
some cause for everything a horse does; he acts ac- 
cording to the impressions of his mind. I can myself 
approach any horse by taking time; not that I have 
any mesmeric conjuring power, nothing of that kind 
can tame a horse. The horse has intelligence and 
affection, which we can cultivate so as to make him 
kind and gentle. When I first approached Cruiser, 


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I threw open the door and walked in. He was aston- 
ished at seeing this, and more so at my exhibiting no 
fear. Lord Dorchester, his owner, fearful for my 
safety, advised me to go no farther, but I had too 
much faith in my principles to recede. At this time 
he had on his head a large muzzle, lined inside and 
out with iron. He had to wear this for three years, 
and till it had almost worn a hole in his head. He 
has never had it on his head since that time, and he 
has never tried to bite me since he has been without it. 
I did not try to hurt him but to establish confidence 
between us. I don't bring Cruiser here to show as 
a tamed horse, and to do all manner of tricks, only to 
show what a gentle creature he has now become, and 
that instead of rushing at you to strike you, he will 
even give you his foot at command, and is perfectly 
docile. Mr. Rarey then asked Cruiser for his foot 
and it was given him." In three hours Lord Dorches- 
ter was able to mount Cruiser and Rarey became his 
owner and rode him to London, and his fortune was 
made. Possibly the most marked compliment Mr. Rarey 
received was from Queen Victoria ( the Queen's death 
is announced by the daily papers, January 22, 1901, and 
just while this sketch of Mr. Rarey 's life is being 
compiled), it is one that should be fully appreciated 
by our readers, for it was the "royal hostess of the 
most magnificent and august assemblage ever called 
together to celebrate a wedding," complimenting Mr. 
Rarey with the acknowledgment that of all the re- 
courses of England to amuse and entertain so select a 
company his exhibitions were deemed the most 
worthy. Her Majesty sent Mr. Rarey an invitation to 
give an exhibition of his skill in the riding school of 


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Buckingham Palace, on the evening before the mar- 
riage of the Princess Royal. 

Among the spectators were Queen Victoria, the 
Prince Consort, the Princess Royal, the Prince of 
Wales — now King Edward VII. — Prince Alfred 
Prince Frederick William of Prussia, Prince Freder- 
ick Charles of Prussia, Prince Albert of Prussia, Prince 
Frederick Albert of Prussia, Prince Adalbert of Prus- 
sia, Prince Hohenzollem . Sigmaringen, the Duke of 
Brabant, the Count of Flanders, Prince William of 
Baden, Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimer, the Prince 
Julius of Holstein Gliicksburg and many other distin- 
guished visitors, as also the Duke of Wellington, Major 
Gen. Sir Richard Airy, Lx)rd Alfred Paget, Col. Hood^ 
Major Groves crown equerry, and others. 

The horse submitted to Mr. Rarey on this occasion 
was a powerful cream-colored horse of state, owned 
by her majesty, and one that had from his vicious na- 
ture been discarded as too dangerous for use. The 
queen herself, with her own hands, applauded his skill. 
He received an invitation to witness the wedding, and 
a favorable place to witness the ceremony was as- 
signed him at St. James Palace. 

Queen Victoria frequently caressed and stroked 
Cruiser with her own hands. 

Naturalists had always contended that a zebra 
could not be tamed, so it remained for Mr. Rarey to 
demonstrate the error of this position. It took him 
four hours to give one its first lesson, after which he 
mounted and rode it around the ring. Mr. Rarey gave 
exhibitions before the crowned heads of Sweden and 
Prussia, where he met Baron Von Humbolt. He 
tamed a wild horse that the Cossacks had presented to 
the Emperor and Empress of Russia, much to their as- 


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tonishment. He tamed Stafford — a noted French- 
stallion, and almost as vicious as Cruiser — in the pres- 
ence of the Emperor and Empress of France. 

Mr. Rarey was presented with many medals and* 
diplomas, which are now in the possession of Miss 
Lowe, whose mother was a niece of Mr. Rarey. 
Among the most beautiful of these mementoes is a port- 
folio presented by the Duchess of Sutherland, the back 
of velvet, mounted in gold and the front of solid gold 
inlaid with richly and artistically embossed panels of 
bronze, accompanied by an elegant inkstand, etc. At 
one of his exhibitions before the royalty at Stockholm, 
the royal family from excitement and admiration all 
rose to their feet, and at the conclusion his highness 
the King of Sweden presented him a medal of a pe- 
culiar social distinction, conferring upon the wearer 
especial privileges in visiting the royal palaces, being 
one of the most coveted and gratifying notices that can, 
be received by a Swede. 

From a financial point of view, Mr. Rarey's suc- 
cess was also phenomenal. His subscription price for 
one of his lessons in London was fifty-two ($52.50) 
and a half dollars, with the understanding that no in- 
struction would be given until the class should number 
five hundred; this number was soon gained, and by 
the time these were instructed his list of subscribers 
numbered more than two thousand. It is estimated 
that he made a quarter of a million dollars during his 
four years* stay abroad, one hundred thousand ($100,- 
000) of which he brought home. 

He returned home in 1861, at the age of thirty- 
three years, a rich man with an international reputation. 
He brought Cruiser and other fine specimens of horses 
and Shetland ponies with him. A stable was built 


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especially for Cruiser ; it stood in the northeast corner 
of the lawn as long as Cruiser lived, and later was re- 
moved to the rear of the house where it stood until 
recently. Few persons if any ever entered it except 
Rarey himself. Cruiser was put in the stud and many 
•of his colts were scattered about the neighborhood. 
Many of these colts inherited their sire's vicious dis- 
position and he soon became unpopular as a sire. For 
several seasons Mr. Rarey toured the United States 
with Chushing's circus and menagerie, attracting great 
•crowds to 'his exhibitions. In all his travels "Prince," 
a very small Shetland pony, accompanied him. Mr. 
Rarey had also trained a team of elks which he fre- 
quently drove in the neighborhood and to Columbus. 
In 1863 Mr. Rarey built an elegant home — Rarey 's 
mansion — for his mother, on the site of the old tav- 
ern, at an expenditure of some twenty thousand ($20,- 
000) dollars ; just across the road he laid out a park 
where the Shetland ponies roamed at will. 

"In the flush of youth and favor and fortune" 
John S. Rarey died at Cleveland, Ohio, October 4, 
1866, aged 38 years 8 months and 28 days. His body 
lies buried in the Groveport cemetery. Shortly before 
his death he said: "If I could only get back once 
more to the old farm and put my arms round my dear 
horse's neck I believe I should get well." 

Mr. Rarey is described as "possessing none of the 
•qualities of the gigantic gladiator or the appalling brute 
force and physical courage with which we are want to 
picture the horse tamer, but on the contrary he was 
delicately made, light-haired, self-possessed, good hu- 
mored," and everywhere admired for his gentlemanly 
manners and quiet bearing, being especially a great 
favorite of the ladies. 


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Mr. Rarey's will made ample provision for Cruis- 
er's care and comfort. It specified that ''Cruiser is 
not to be used for any other purpose than as a stallion 
nor for any other purposes of exhibition by any one 
at any time or place, but is to be kept and remain on 
the farm where he now is and within the enclosure 
and stable now occupied by him, or similar ones, as 
long as he lives; he must be well taken care of and 
never sold. ♦ ♦ * And I direct that said charge 
and incumbrance is to be perpetual and run with said 
farm, whoever may be the owner, so long as Cruiser 
3hall live." 

The farm fell into the hands of strangers and 
Cruiser's old-time viciousness again returned, for 
nine years no one ever ventured to enter the enclosure 
with him. He died July 4, 1875. 

Mr. Rarey's system was very simple. Its princi- 
ples were ''kindness, patience, firmness." The plans 
laid down in his manual are based on three fundamntal 
principles, as stated by himself. "First — That the 
horse is so constituted by nature that he will not offer 
resistance to any demand made of him which he fully 
comprehends, if made in a way consistent with the 
laws of his nature. 

"Second — That he has no consciousness of his 
strength beyond his experience, and can be handled ac- 
cording to our will without force. 

"Third — That we can, in compliance with the laws 
of his nature, by which he examines all things new to 
him, take any object, however frightful, around, over 
or on him, that does not inflict pain, without causing 
him to fear." 

He used a surcingle and two small straps. With- 
one he fastened up the near fore foot of the horse, leav- 


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ing him the use of only three feet, which prevented him 
from running or kicking ; the other strap he fixed to 
the ankle of the off fore foot, passing it under the 
girth-band ; with this he could draw up the other fore 
foot. After a slight struggle the horse would come 
•down on his knees. It was right at this point that 
Mr. Rarey used to ask his auditors to remain perfectly 
•quiet, saying "That then all that was wanted was to 
treat the horse as a child, showing him that resist- 
ance was useless, then treat him softly and as gently 
as possible." It is said that a very slight touch will 
throw a horse on his side when in this position. 
The horse was controlled so easily and gradually and 
ivithout violence that he readily yielded to his mas- 
ter and yet recognized him as a friend. It may be 
added that while Mr. Rarey in all his work practiced 
the principles of his manual whidi he taught to others, 
yet no one ever succeeded with it as he did. Others 
lacked Rarey's genius. 


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''Where dusky savage wooed his dusky mate^ 
And through the forest rang his battle cry. 

Now stands the arched and temple halls of state ^ 
And. gilded steeples pointing to the sky." 


Nothing speaks the high regard for civilization, 
order and intelligence as the prosperity of the church 
in a community. Among the early settlers were rep- 
resented almost all the different denominations of the 
older states, and after a log cabin was erected it was 
not long until an effort was made to hunt up church 
people of a kindred denomination with a view to hold- 
ing services. Often the ministers of the Gospel were 
among the first to brave the perils and hardships of 
the unbroken forests. For many years meetings were 
held at the residences and bams with now and then 
a campmeeting. The following is a list of the church 
organizations of the township with their history, more 
or less complete, owing somewhat to the interest taken 
by members of the several churches in furnishing 

data, etc. 

Some Old Hymns* 

With an environment such as we have it is impos- 
sible to appreciate the burdens, necessities, loneliness, 
and dependency which formed the web and woof of 
the pioneer's forest life. Much less is it possible to 


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enter into the thrill and inspiration that came from 
singing together the hymns and melodies familiar to 
them ; to do so one must have had their common ex- 
perience and have heard the sturdy pioneer preacher's 
exhortations and sermons as they did. Perhaps the 
best idea we can form of how they were moved is 
when we meet together and sing our old songs. Few 
had hymn books, therefore the necessity for "lining" 
the hymns ; this necessity, however, only existed when 
a new hymn was used for everybody soon committed 
them. The following stanzas, among many others, 
were familiar to the pioneers and reveal something of 
the burden of the pioneer preacher's exhortations — A 
great "battle field" with heroic "soldiers of the cross/' 
bearing "great burdens" and "terrible tribulations," 

A "lake of fire*' to be shun, 
"Canaan's happy land" to be won. 

"Dearest Jesus, we are here. 

To be in Thy word instructed; 
Guide our hearts, O Thou who'rt near, 

Let our minds hence be conducted, 
And from earth be elevated; 

Where we wish to be translated." 

"By fear was Peter taken, 

When he denied his Lord, 

But soon his conscience check'd him, 

And he went out and cried. 

Christ's penetrating eye he felt, 

He wept and prayed for mercy. 

And Christ did heal his smart." 

"He that confides in his Creator, 
Depending on Him all his days. 
Shall be preserved in fire and water, 


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And saved from grief a thousand ways. 
He that makes God his stand and stay, 
Builds not on sand that glides away." 

"Farewell, dear friends, I must be gone, 

I have no home or stay with you ; * 

ril take my staff and travel on, 

Till I a better world do view. N 

Farewell, farewell, farewell, 
My loving friends, farewell." 

*'0 Thou in whose presence 

My soul takes delight. 
On whom in affliction I call; 

My comfort by day. 
And my song in the night, 

My hope, my salvation, my all." 

"Ye weary, heavey-laden souls, 

Who are oppressed sore. 
Ye travelers through the wilderness. 

To Canaan's peaceful shore; 
Through chilling winds and beating rain. 

The waters deep and cold. 
And enemies surrounding you 

Take courage and be bold.'* 

"Oh when shall I see Jesus, 

And dwell with Him above. 
To drink the flowing fountains 

Of everlasting love? 
When shall I be delivered 

From this vain world of sin. 
And with my blessed Jesus, 

Drink endless pleasures in?" 

"Tis sure that awful time will come. 

When Christ, the Lord of Glory, 
Shall from his throne give men their doom, 

And change what's transitory; 
Who then will venture to retire, 

When all's to be consumed by fire, 

As Peter has declared." 
H M T 

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"Ah, lovely appearance of death! 
No sight upon earth is so fair, 
Not all the gay pageants that breathe. 
Can with a dead body compare." 

"Why should we mourn departing friends. 

Or shake at death's alarms! 
Tis but the voice that Jesus sends 

To call them to His arms." 

"Come, my soul, and let us try, 

For a little season. 
Every burden to lay by: 

Come, and let us reason. 
What is this that casts you down? 

Who are those that grieve you? 
Speak, and let the worst be known, 

Speaking may relieve you." 

"The wondrous love of Jesus, 
From doubts and fears it frees us. 
With pitying eyes He sees us, 

A toiling here below; 
Through tribulation driven. 
We'll force our way to heaven; 
Through consolation given, 

Rejoicing, on we'll go." 

Hopewell Methodist Episcopal Chufcb. 

The writer of the historical sketch of Hopewell 
Church in Williams' History of Franklin and Pick- 
away Counties must have personally secured the very 
interesting" and romantic details he relates from 
Thomas Groom, son of the pioneer, who was then 
still living. As the story goes, Ezekiel Groom and 
family came from Virginia in 1804 ^n^ settled where 
Miss Kate Decker now lives. After erecting his prim- 
itive log cabin it is said Mr. Groom started out, as was 
the custom of those days, in search of kindred church 


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members. Going about nine miles south, he found 
a settler by the name of Bishop, who had also been 
a member of the Methodist Church in Virginia. The 
next morning, which was the Sabbath, they set out 
together for the old Indian village of Toby Town, near 
the present site of Royalton, where they had heard 
there were Methodists living. When near the place 
they met two men, Broad Cole and Jeremiah Williams, 
who told them that they were then on their way to 
classmeeting. Mr. Groom wishing to attend the meet- 
ings regularly, concluded to find a nearer route than he 
had taken on his first trip which was some eighteen 
miles, so in company with a neighbor, William Bush, 
they went to an Indian camp in the neighborhood 
and inquired the nearest way of an Indian, whose 
name was Billy Wyandotte. The Indian held up his 
eight fingers, signifying eight miles. Mr. Bush and 
the Indian then took their guns and Mr. Groom his 
axe, and blazing the trees as they went, thus marking 
out a path. 

Hopewell class was one among the first (perhaps 
the very first) church organizations in Madison town- 
ship. This class was organized by Rev. James Quinn 
at the home of Ezekiel Groom in 1805, and was then 
called the "Groom class." At first it consisted of nine 
persons: Ezekiel Groom, wife and two daughters, 
Mary and Sarah, Wm. Bush and wife, Mrs. Nancy 
Burton and two daughters, Lucy and Betsy. Meetings 
were held at the homes of Mr. Groom and Jeremiah 
White until a frame meeting house was erected at the 
graveyard on Mr. Groom's land and then named 
Hopewell. The deed is dated June 19th, 1819, and is 
from "Ezekiel Groom and his wife, Rhoda, for twenty 
dollars in specie, to Charles Rarey, Alexander Cam- 


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eron, and Adam Havely of Franklin county, and 
Shadrack Cole, William Brown, Daniel Ranier, and 
David Morris of Pickaway county, trustees." This 
buildings continued in use until 1844. The heating 
was unique; a hearth of loose brick was laid on top 
of the floor near the center of the room and a charcoal 
fire built on it which furnished the heating "apparatus'^ 
and answered in lieu of a stove, no flue being re- 
quired. The old church building stood until in the 
winter of 1852-1853. On December 22^ 1852, Thomas 
Groom was given permission to take away the old 
church and if he suffers the roof to fall on the fence, 
he is to repair the same.'' It is reported that Isaac 
Ranier tore it down. 

On November 25, 1843, ^'^ following persons were 
present at a trustees' meeting: Rev. J. F. Donahue, 
Alexander Cameron, Thomas Groom, Isaac Ranier 
and John B. Moore. "It was moved that we accept 
the resignation of the following trustees: Shadrack 
Cole, Philip Pontius and Charles Rarey, and Bro. 
Adam Havely, having deceased and the vacancies be 
filled by Charles Pontius, Moses Groom, Wesley Toy 
and Jeremiah White." "The trustees went into the 
consideration, which would be best at this time, to 
repair the old meeting house or to build a new one."" 
"A motion was made to repair; after being discussed 
this motion was laid on the table, in order to examine 
the probable amount it would require to repair, and 
the following committee was appointed: Thomas 
Groom, Charles Pontius and John B. Moore, who 
after examination, reported forthwith, 'that it is not 
expedient to expend any considerable amount of money 
on the old house, further than to patch the roof and 
mend the windows,' " and Chas. Pontius and Moses 


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Groom were appointed to attend to said repairs. A 
committee of four was appointed "to draught a sub- 
scription for the purpose of raising money to build 
a new meeting house on the county line site, viz.: 
Charles Pontius, Isaac Ranier, Alexander Cameron 
and John B. Moore. At a meeting held on December 
23d, it was "Resolved, that we build a frame church 
and that it be not less than 35 by 45 feet and 13 feet 
clear ceiling. At a meeting held in the old church on 
January 20th, 1844, the committee on subscription re- 
ported $819.50 subscribed." "Adjourned until the 
trustees can examine the site immediately on the east 
bank of Walnut creek, north of the county line be- 
tween the counties of Franklin and Pickaway, to 
determine whether it is a suitable location to erect 
the new church on. If so to go on to build with the 
present subscription. If not to build at the old black- 
smith shop, the site previously detennined on." Rev. 
C. C. Lybrand was present at this meeting. February 
26th. "The trustees proceeded to examine and view 
the site on the east bank of Walnut creek, and having 
viewed it they decided that the location is eligible for 
erecting a church on and provided the present sub- 
scription can be applied here we will go on to build 
a church on this site." Chas. Pontius and Jeremiah 
White were appointed a committee to ascertain if the 
present subscribers are willing to apply their subscrip- 
tions for building said church on the creek location, 
and if any part is withdrawn then to solicit sufficient 
to build with. On March 10 the committee reported 
$883.80 subscribed for the creek location, then the 
board proceeded to form the plans and dimensions of 
said church, and after consideration the following 
plan was unanimously agreed upon, that is : The said 


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14^ HirrriT of mat-isox tota-x^op. 

-s':zzi'z :: re r: kr^" 46 feet, and ^ feet wide, with 
e.oi sti-n-t IT i-rick fccniiatijns throe feet high and 
:^ rii-je? ihfrk. A g^>:«d siibstantial fiame, to be 
zr^it :f 5.:'--r-f timber, said church to be finished off 
r: a r »i * .rkrriaiilike nsanner. On March 30th, bids 
-Atrc receive i and r-pened. The followinjj prc^>osals 
utre rar-ic^ in: Mr. Tumey's was for $1,370, Pat- 
ter?^ n Karri^^i-n's w^s for $1,165. Michael Ebright's 
i-'-T So5C-, ar.d John GrofTs for S85a These bids, in 
the wiie margin between the highest and lowest re- 
minds one of some of the modem omtrasts in pro- 
j>osaIs. The prc^x>sal of John Groff vi-as accepted, and 
Alex. Cameron, Thos. Groom and Charles Pontius 
were appointed a building committee, and the article 
of agreement was signed up. One Jonas Bichart sign- 
ing it with John Groff. Under date of May 31st, 
the record says. "We, the trustees, being prepared on 
our part to make the first payment, and having been 
informed that the said Groff does not intend to com- 
ply with the article of agreement, nor to build said 
church, resolved, therefore, that we consider ourselves 
at liberty to put an end to our contract with the said 
John Groff and Jonas Bichart." Under date of Au- 
gust 7th, the minutes says: "Michael Ebright being 
present proposes to build and finish off said church for 
the sum of $1,050 and no less. His bid was accepted 
and he put up and completed the building. At a meet- 
ing held at the new church on January 31st, 1845, *^ 
was resolved, "That we accept the lamp proposed to 

be given by Kinear of Circleville," and $36 was 

paid for two stoves, and the church was accepted 
from the contractor. July 17th, 1847, ^t was recorded 
"settled in full with M. Ebright giving him a note 
for $46.70 to balance." 


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Fortunately we obtained an account of the dedica- 
tion of Hopewell Church, which was written by Qias. 
Pontius, on the fly-leaf of a little book, three by four 
inches in size, entitled "Christian Perfection" by Rev. 
John Wesley, published in New York, 1842. "Feb- 
ruary 16, 1845, dedication sermon of the new Hope- 
well meeting house, delivered by Rev. James Laws; 
text I22d Psalm, ist verse, "I was glad when they 
said unto me, let us go up to the house of the Lord." 

The following list of members is taken from John 
Groom's class leaders' book dated August 10, 1835. 
There were very likely two or three other class leaders* 
books besides this one. John Groom, Charity Groom, 
Wm. H. Selby, Mary Selby, Wm. H. Selby, Jr., Ivy 
Decker, James Evans, Huldah Evans, Margaret Evans, 
Noah Groom, Lucy Groom, Hosea Britton, Tamson 
Britton, John Giberson, Sarah Giberson, Marenda 
Giberson, Nancy Burton ("Died in peace October 5, 
1836"), Eleanor Burton, John G. Bennett, Melvina 
Bennett, Isaac Childs, Sarah Childs, Geo. Evans, Oaky 
Moore, Orlando Fuller, Francis Fuller, Sarah Hunter, 
Catharine Johnson, Joshua Burton, Susana Burton, 
Thomas Groom, Nancy Groom, Sarah Ann Groom, 
Rhoda Groom, Henry Moore, Rebecca Moore, Moses 
Groom, Catherine Groom, Philip Pontius, Catherine 
Pontius, Chas. Pontius, Christian Hulva, Henry Bunn, 
Elizabeth Bunn, Amos S. Bennett, Mary Bennett, 
Henry Bennett, Sarah Sawyer, Catharine Sawyer, 
Nancy Sawyer, Jane Egbert. Additional names found 
on roll of membership, 1846: Elizabeth Pontius, Wm. 
Rarey, Rachel Rarey, Amanda Rarey, Wm. Ranier, 
Isabelle Berk, Daniel R. Groom, John F. Groom, 
Christena Groom, Rhoda Groom, Jr., Nancy R. 
Groom, Loisa Knoderer, Abraham Sawyer, Dr. B. F. 


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Gard (Dr. Gard died in Columbus, July 12, 1849, of 
Cholera, and was the first adult buried in Green Lawn 
Cemetery), Elizabeth Pontius Gard, George Rarey, 
Sarey Rarey, Margaret Rarey, Mary Dildine, Mar>^ 
Ann Rarey, Enor Ann Moore. List of 185 1 : Hester 
Ann Ranier, Franklin G. Pontius, Margaret W. Rarey, 
Elizabeth Bunn, William H. Pyle, Rachel Pyle, and 
in 1854, John Sharp, Sr. Franklin G. Pontius has been 
a member of Hopewell Church for 51 years and is 
the only man living who has continuously worshipped 
here during the whole history of the present building. 

The following have been class leaders: Jeremiah 
White, Isaac Ranier, John Groom, Thomas Groom, 
Chas. Pontius, for 47 years, and others. The present 
class leaders are F. G. Pontius, John F. Ranier, Sister 
Allie Ranier and Harley E. Ranier. In 1850 W. H, 
Pyle and G. Adel were licensed as local preachers. 

In 185 1 D. C. Shockley was given a contract to 
put a new roof on the church and some months later 
the secretary was authorized to divide a balance of $50 
yet due among the trustees, "as he thinks best," then 
follows this division: Chas. Pontius, $18; Thos. 
Groom, $15; Moses Groom, $8; A. Sawyer, $3.50; D. 
J. Groom, $3.50; E. Groom, $2. In 1852, L. Tower 
was elected sexton at $12 per year. "He to furnish 
wood and lard for which he is to be paid market price." 
The lard or fat lamp gave way to the lard oil lamp in 
1859, when a hanging lamp and one gallon of lard 
oil was purchased. November 25, 1861, kerosene oil 
was introduced, three gallons being purchased at 50 
cents per gallon. The expenses for the year ending 
May I, 1856, were: Lard, $1.29; wood, $3.12; 
sexton, $12. 


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Early in the spring of 190 1 plans for remodeling 
the building were being considered. In April the 
women organized a Ladies' Aid Society with a view 
to lending financial assistance to the proposed pro- 
ject, and through their zeal and activity along with 
the special committee consisting of John F. Ranier. 
J. P. Sawyer and Lyman P. Moody, extensive im- 
provements were made. The primary Sunday school 
room and the vestibule were partitioned off from the 
main room. The large Gothic window was put in 
the front gable, the new box windows with colored 
glass took the place of the old lox 12 light windows, 
the furnace compelled the old stoves to yield the space 
they so extravagantly occupied, new pews took the 
place of the old ones; these improvements, together 
with papering, painting and a new carpet were made 
at an expenditure of $1,350. The building was re- 
opened with special services on Sunday, January 26, 
1902, when $650 was subscribed which amount more 
than provided enough money to pay for all the im- 

A Sunday school was organized in 1823 or 1824, 
with Geo. W. Glaze as superintendent. He continued 
to hold the position until 1835, when he moved to the 
west, and Alexander Cameron was elected, serving un- 
til 1843; since then Isaac Ranier, Jeremiah White, 
James Pyle, Chas. Pontius, Sr., Henry Long, 1854- 
1864; D. R. Groom, 1875; John F. Ranier, 1877 and 
1882; F. G. Pontius, 1878-1881, 1883-1885, 1887, 
1888, 1891, 1892; Nathan Whaley, 1886; Harley E. 
Ranier, 1889, 1890, 1896, 1897; Mrs. Hattie Myers, 
1894, 1895; Emma Ranier, 1898-1900; Mrs. Mame 
Couch, 1901, have served. 


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Assistant Superintendents: J. F. Ranier, 1875^ 
1 878- 1 88 1, 1883, 1886, 1887, 1892,; Levi Cavinee, 
1877; F. C Miller, 1884, 1885; Mrs. J. F. Ranier, 
1888; F. G. Pontius, 1889, 1890, 1896; H. E. Ranier, 
1894, 1895 ; Miss Hattie Arnold, 1897. 

Secretaries: Miss Emma Wright, 1875; F. G. 
Pontius, 1877; C. R. Pontius, 1878-1880; C. E. Ra- 
rey, 1881, 1883, 1885, 1886; F. C Miller, 1882, 1886; 
H. E. Ranier, 1884; Miss Eva R. Pontius, 1887; Ag- 
gie W. Wright, 1888; Frank C. Ranier, 1889, 1890, 
1892; Miss Hattie Arnold, 1891 ; M. C. Ranier, 1894; 
E. E. Lincoln, 1895; Edson Ranier, 1896; Miss Mary 
Flowers, 1897; John Moody, 1900-1901. 

An Epworth League was organized during the pas- 
torate of Rev. Prior in 1893. Mrs. Hettie Myers, Miss 
Emma Rainier and Harly E. Rainier have served as 

Pastors: James Quinn, familiarly known as 
"Jimniy Quinn," the pioneer Methodist preacher, was 
born in Washington county, Pennsylvania, in 1775^ 
and was licensed to preach by Bishop Asbury in 1799^ 
The same year that he was licensed he made his first 
missionary trip to Ohio, visiting Fairfield county. 
May I, 1803, he was married to Patience Teal, near 
Baltimore, Maryland, and soon after returned to Ohio,, 
becoming the "circuit rider" of the Hockhocking cir~ 
cuit, which embrace dthe valleys of the Muskingum^ 
Hocking and Scioto rivers. His wife died February i. 
1820, and he followed her in 1847. Jesse Stoneman, Asa 
Shinn, John Meek, 1805 J James Oxley, 1805 ; Joseph 
Hays, 1806; James King, 1806; W. Patterson, 1807; 
Ralph Lotspeich, 1808; John Bowman, 1808; Francis 
Travis, 1810; Isaac Quinn, 1811 ; James B. Finley, 
181 1 ; Wm. Lambden, 1812; Archibald McElroy, 1813 ; 


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Charles Waddle, 1814; 1824; Michael Ellis, 1815; 
John McMahon, 1816; Sadosa Bacon, 1818; Peters 
Stephens, 1818; Abner Gough, 1819, 1820; Henry 
Mathew, 1819; Charles Thorn, 1820; Wm. Stephens, 
1821, 1822; Zarah Coston, 1821 ; James Gilruth, 1823; 
J. C. Hunter, 1823 ; Leroy Swormstedt, 1825 ; Homer 
Clark, 1824; James Quinn, 1825, 1826; James Laws,^ 
1826, 1827; Gilbert Blue, 1827; Jacob Young, 1828; 
C. Springer, 1828; Z. Connell, 1829; H. S. Fernandez, 
1829, 1830; Samuel Hamilton, 1830, 1831. In 1831 
the circuit was again divided, and perhaps the follow- 
ing pastors served : Wm. Swazey, Ebenezer Webster, 
Harvey Camp, Oliver Spencer, Isaac Hunter, Philip 
Nation and others. In 1839 Lithopolis circuit was 
formed, and in 1848 the name of this circuit was 
changed to Groveport circuit. Since 1838, when the 
Groveport class was organized the pastors have been 
the same as those mentioned in connection with that 


Asbuiy Methodist Episcopal. 

At about the same time that the Hopewell class was 
organized a class was organized in the Stevenson set^ 
tlement. Meetings were held at various residences and 
barns. Among the first such meetings were those held 
at the residence of John Stevenson — one of the most 
Active Methodists in that neighborhood — as early as 
1806, and continuing on to about 1820, when a log 
"meeting house" was erected near Mr. Stevenson's 
house on Blacklick, now owned by Benj. F. Bowman. 

Some twenty years later a difference of opinion 
arose, some favoring the repair of the old meeting 
house, others, perhaps the majority, selecting the White 
Chapel site. Those favoring the old site then spent 
some $75 in repairing the old log building. Many years. 


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later Jacob Bowman, Sr., purchased Mr. Stevenson's 
farm, and in the early fifties, when his residence burned 
he moved into the old meeting house, where Benj. F. 
Bowman was born. Those favoring the new site pro- 
ceeded to erect a frame meeting house on the Thomas 
Needels farm, about one mile further west, and on the 
northwest comer of the intersection of the Bixby road 
from the north and the Columbus and Winchester road. 
This building was erected in 1842 or 1843, ^^^ ^^^ 
known as "White Chapel.'' The old White Chapel 
building was sold to W. Leasure, who moved it to 
Brice and constructed his residence of it. 

The present substantial brick building was erected 
in the summer of 1872 at a cost of about $7,000. It 
was begun imder the pastorate of Rev. C. M. Bethau- 
ser, and completed under the pastorate of Rev. H. A. 
Ferris. It was dedicated in December of 1872, Rev. 
J. M. Trimble officiating. 

Among the early members of Asbury cfass were: 
John Stevenson and wife, Philip Hooper and wife, Ja- 
cob Algire and wife, Richard Stevenson and wife, Phil- 
omen Needels and wife, Zachariah Stevenson and wife, 
George Powell and wife, John Algire and wife, Rich- 
ard Derrick and wife, Archibald Powell and wife, and 

Among the early pastors were: Revs. John Big- 
low, Charles Waddle, John W. Powers and others. 
Since 1872 Asbury has been a part of the Winchester 
circuit, and the pastors the same as those mentioned in 
th : Winchester congregation. 

A Sunday school has been maintained for many 
years, but we were not able to secure a list of the offi- 
cers, nor particulars of its history. Among the super- 
intendents were: James Sandy, Henderson Miller, 


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Jacob Bowman, James P. Kalb, John Pontius, James 
Fickel, Theo. D. Kalb, E. M. Mills, Clint A. Stevenson 
and Mrs. Ellen Bowman. 

An Epworth League was maintained during the pas- 
torate of Rev. Joseph Clark. The present membership 
is about 200, and the Sunday school has an enrollment 
of about 150. Asbury is one of the most prosperous 
rural churches in this section. 

Gfoveport Metiioditt Episcopal. 

This class is an offspring of the Hopewell and As- 
bury classes, and was organized in 1835 ^^ 1836, and 
in the same year a brick church was erected on the 
site of the present one. The brick were made near by 
and the clay of which they were made was taken from 
the lot just west of the church ; the clay was mixed by 
driving cattle around over it during the day and then 
during the night a number of hogs were turned into 
the lot and they rooted and mixed it up in their search 
for the shelled corn that had been scattered over it dur- 
ing the day previous. 

In 1839 Rev. Jacob Young (grandfather of ex- 
Sheriff Wheeler Young) was sent here to form a new 
circuit. Previous to this Groveport was in the Circle- 
ville circuit. This circuit included White Chapel, Rey- 
noldsburg, Pickerington, Asbury, Lithopolis, Hope- 
well, Walnut Hill and Groveport. Among the first 
members were: Charles Rarey and wife, Mrs. Adam 
Rarey, Mrs. Margaret Chandler, Mr. J. Watson, Mrs. 
Harmon Dildine, Mrs. Elizabeth Whetzel, and a few 
years later Wm. H. McCarty, William and Salem Dar- 
nell, Samuel Leigh, Wm. H. Rarey, Parker Rarey, Sr.^ 
Jacob Andricks and others. 


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In 1851 the old church had become too small, when 
the present large structure was built. A small memo- 
randum book in which the subscriptions were kept has 
been preserved by Samuel Leigh; this little book re- 
veals the fact that building churches fifty years ago 
met with the same difficulties and required very much 
the same sacrifices that building churches does now. 
Five separate subscription lists circulated at different 
times were secured. The first one amounted to $2,- 
232.00, the second to $554.00, the third to $295.00, the 
fourth, a monthly payment plan, $591.00, and the fifth 
$550.00, a total of $4,222.00. Quite a large amount of 
these subscriptions could not be collected and are still 
unpaid. The dates of these different subscriptions are 
not recorded, but it is safe to infer that some length of 
time intervened between them. With all this effort it 
was still impossible to plaster the auditorium, so the 
basement was used for several years, being seated with 
the pews from the old church. After the auditorium 
was plastered the pews from the old church were still 
used and did service for several years. Cornelius (Un- 
cle) Black, Sr., has been a member of this class since 
1840, and a class leader since 1862. 

Presiding Elders: Jacob Young, 1838; John 
Terce, 1839-1841 ; J. M. Trimble, 1842; David Whit- 
com, 1843, 1844; R. O. Spenser, 1845, 1846; J. W. 
Clark, 1847-1850; Cyrus Brooks, 1851 ; Uriah Heath, 
1852, 1853; Z. Connell, 1854, 1856-1858; Job Stewart, 
1855; J. M. Jameson, 1859, i860, 1865, 1866; Geo, 
W. Brush, 1861-1864; C. A. Van Anda, 1867-1870; 

B. N. Spahr, 1871-1874; A. B. See, 1875-1878; T. R. 
Taylor, 1879-1882; J. T. Miller, 1883-1886; J. C. 
Jackson, Jr., 1887-1890; H. C. Sexton, 1891-1895; J. 

C. Arbuckle, 1 896-1901. 


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Pastors: Many years two and sometimes three j>as- 
tors served the circuit at the same time, which explains 
the following long list of the pastors: David Lewis, 
1838, 1839; Jacob Young, 1839, 1840, 1852; T. A. G. 
Phillips, 1840, 1841 ; James Gilruth, 1841 ; James T. 
Donahue, 1842, 1843; William Litzenger, 1842; C. C. 
Lybrand, 1843, 1856, 1857; James Laws, 1844, 1845; 
Sheldon, 1844, 1845; ^^- ^- Musgrove, 1845; S. Bate- 
man, 1846, 1858, 1859; Andrew Carroll, 1846, 1847, 
1862, 1863 ; Joseph S. Brown, 1847, 1848; Joseph Mor- 
ris, 1848; James Hooper, 1849; R- Doughty, 1849; 
E. B. Chase, 1850; Archibald Fleming, 1850; J. S. 
Vail, 1850; J. W. Clarke, 1851 ; Lovett Taft, 1851, 
1852; S. M. Merrill, 1853; David Young, 1853; F. A. 
Timmons, 1854, 1855; J- Martin, 1854, 1855; Levi 
Cunningham, 1856; H. Gartner, 1857; S. Fleming, 
1858, 1859; H. H. Ferris, i860, 1861 ; F. F. Lewis, 
i860, 1861; S. C. Riker, 1862, 1863; James Mitchell, 
1864; Samuel Donahoo, 1864; Samuel Tippett, 1865, 
1866, 1867; J. E. Moore, 1865, 1866, 1877; Ancil 
Brooks, 1867; Daniel Horlocker, 1868, 1869, 1870; S. 
M. Bright, 1871, 1872, 1873; A. C. Kelly, 1874-1876; 
R. Pitzer. 1877; J- W. Wait, 1877; B. F. Thomas, 
1878; J. M. Rife, 1879-1881; J. B. Bradrick, 1882, 
1883; W. T. Harvey, 1884-1886; A. R. Miller, 1887, 
1888; Geo. W. Lott, 1889-1891; C. F. Prior, 1892- 
1896; J. W. Atkinson, 1897, 1898; John F. Grimes, 
1899-1901. Rev. John F. Grimes in a li^t of the Hope- 
well pastors read at the reopening of that church in 
the spring of 1901 includes the names of J. W. Steele 
(He was a pastor on the Tarltorf circuit in 1851, 1852) 
and R. W. Musgrove. Rev. Geo. W. Lott included 
the name of A. X. Musgrove, 1845. 


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.The bell was purchased in 1863. The first organ 
was purchased in 1869. The following have served 
as organists: Lillian Horlocker, Mrs. Flora (Rarey) 
Peters, Mrs. Mattie (Long) Rarey, Mrs. Lizzie 
(Long) Eyeman, Mrs. Minnie (Denton) Decker, Mrs. 
Lizzie (Zinn) Denton, Mrs. J. L. Qianey, Francis 
Denton, Irenus Denton, Mabel Long, and Nellie 

The Sunday school superintendents have been : 
Wm. Chandler, 1863; Henry Long, 1864-1881 (Mr. 
Long served as superintendent at Hopewell and 
Groveport for twenty-five years) ; Z. C. Payne, Cor- 
nelius Black, Sr., Chas. P. Long, Mrs. John Leigh, 
Wm. Hutson and Mrs. Mattie L. Rarey, the present 
incumbent. Mrs. Hester Ann Long taught the pri- 
mary class — "Bird's Nest** — for thirty-eight years, 
1864-1902. The Woman's Missionary Society was 
organized in 1874 with Mrs. Samuel Leigh as pres- 
ident, which position she held until her death in 1898. 

The Epworth League was organized during the 
pastorate of Rev. G. W. Lott in 1890. 

A Sunday school was begun in the Leigh school 
house in about 1847. William English, a brother-in- 
law of Samuel Leigh, was the first superintendent. 
Daniel Leigh served one year and Cornelius Black, Sr., 
for about twelve years. Stated preaching services 
were also held. 

Powell't Methodist EpkcopaK 

A class was organized at an early day, and a 
church building begun near the Vandemark grave- 
yard. Edward Hatlhaway was given a contract to 
erect a frame church in 1823, and he had proceeded 
so far as to get the frame of the building up, when 
som^ of the most active and financially able members 


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died, and so many others were sick that the project 
was abandoned and the frame allowed to rot down. 

In the summer of 1850 a class was organized by 
Rev. E. B. Chase; the first class leader was Edward 
Long and the first members Archibald Powell and 
wife, Jacob Powell and wife, George Powell and wife, 
Edward Long and wife, and Elizabeth J. Peters. A 
chapel was erected in 1852 and dedicated in October 
of the same year. Among the early pastors were 

James Hooper, Baile, Dr. Hoor, Daniel 

Lewis, John Stewart, Richard Pitzer, Jacob Young,. 

Wm. Filler, Dr. Banner, and John Longinan. 

Since 1872 the pastors have been the same as those at 

The present church building was erected in the 
summer of 1899, and dedicated on December 3d of 
the same year, Prof. Richard T. Stevenson of Del- 
aware, Ohio, preaching the dedicatory sermon. The- 
building committee consisted of J. B. Powell, H. F. 
(Proves, John H. Motz, Perry O'Roark, and Robert 
A. McClure. The building cost about $2,500. A 
Sunday school was organized in 1850 by Edw. Long 
who was the first superintendent, followed by J. N. 
Peters, Calvin Groves, Charles Groves, Amos Med- 

ford, Andrew Gray, J. Wilson, Lower, James^ 

Wingert, Robert A. McClure, Daniel Springer anct 
Frank Wright. 

Winchester Methodist Episcopal. 

In 1838 Rev. Abner Gough came to Winchester 
and preached in the United Brethren Church, using 
the first Psalm as a text. It was on a Tuesday after- 
noon at two o'clock. Rev. Gough is described as a 
large man. Heonly preached here two or three times 
until conference met, when he was succeeded by Rev, 

23 H M T 


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James Gilruth and Andrew S. Murphy, pastors of the 
Worthington circuit. 

The class was organized in 1838 in the United 
Brethren meeting house which was occupied by them 
on alternate weeks until 1850, when the present church 
building was erected on lot No. 10, West street. This 
lot was donated by Dr. J. B. Potter. Jacob Dellinger 
did the brick work and Bennedum & Kissell the car- 
penter work. 

In 1878 it was enlarged and remodeled — the ves- 
tibule and tower being then added. N. J. Wolf did 
the brick work and Ferdinand Leonard the carp>enter 
work. During the time the repairs were being made, 
from May until July 28, services were held in Gehm's 
hall. Rev. Dr. Trimble conducted the re-opening ser- 
vices. New pews, carpets, and other repairs were 
added in the summer of 1895. 

In the summer of 1901 it was decided to erect a 
new church building and accordingly a site was se- 
cured, being locat'ed on West street, near High street. 
The foundation was laid up during October and No- 
vember under the direction of a building committee 
consisting of Dr. L. W. Beery, Dr. J. W. Shook, S. 
H. Tallman, Solomon S. Lehman and Rev. L. S. Fuller 
preparatory to building in the spring of 1902. 

Previously to the building of the church in 1850 
the Methodist people of this community attended and 
took an active part in the Union Sunday school which 
was held in the United Brethren church; since then 
a live Sunday school has been maintained. James B. 
Evans, Martin C. Whitehurst, P. R. Mills, L. L. Ran- 
kin, Jennie Somerville, Hod Learn and others, and 
Henry H. Dibble, the present incumbent, have been 
the superintendents. An Ep worth League and a so- 


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ciety of the King's Daughters add to the efficiency of 
this congregation. No records whatever of this class 
were available for our examination. 

The first members were Michael Ebright and wife, 
Joseph Wright and wife and Elizabeth Hathaway. 
The next winter Agnes and Sallie Hathaway, John 
Tallman, wife, son David and daughters, Pheba and 
Nancy, and J. B. Evans — who is still a member — 
and wife, united with the class. In 1838 this class was 
on Worthington circuit, in the fall of 1839 the circuit 
was divided and this class became a part of Lithopolis 
circuit. Afterwards it was in Pickerington circuit, 
then in Groveport circuit, and since 1872 in the Win- 
chester circuit, composed of four congregations — As- 
bury, Brice (Powell's), Lithopolis and Winchester. 
An amusing incident is related, as having occurred in 
about 1855. "It happened during a revival meeting; 
the services had continued quite late and the church 
had become uncomfortably cold. When Hinton Tall- 
man, the leader of the singing, went back and put his 
feet upon the tin-plate stove and began to sing : 

"This is the way I long have sought 
And mourned because I found it not." 

Pastors: Previous to 1851 this class was in the same 
circuit as the Groveport class (Lithopolis circuit) and 
the "pastors were therefore the same. In 185 1 the 
Pickerington circuit was formed of which the Winches- 
ter class is a part: Archibald Fleming, 1851 ; David 
Lewis, 1851, 1852; R. Pitzer, 1852, 1853; Jacob 
Young, 1853 ; Job Stewart, 1854, 1855 ; S. M. Merril, 
1854; C. M. Bethauser, 1855, 1869, 1870; F. A. Tim- 
mons, 1856; W. Z. Ross, 1856, 1857; W. P. Grantham, 
1857; T. D. Martindale, 1858, 185^; C. C. Lybrand, 


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1858, 1864; W. S. Benner, 1859, i860; W. C. Filler. 
i860, 1861 ; H. G. G. Fink, 1861 ; J. F. Given, 1862; 
B. Ellis, 1862; E. Sibley, 1863, 1864. In 1865 the 
Winchester class was changed to the Reynoldsburg 
circuit. S. C. Riker, 1865, 1866, 1867; J. M. Adair, 
1865; J. C. Gregg, 1866, 1867, 1868; T. H. Bradrick, 
t868, 1869, 1870. The Winchester circuit was formed 
in 1 87 1 and is composed of Asbury, Brice (Powell's). 
Lithopolis and Winchester classes. Previous to the 
formation of the Winchester circuit there had been 
two pastors. H. H. Ferris, 1871 ; W. H. McClintock, 
1872-1874; W. C. Halliday, 1875-1876; A. C. Kelley, 
1877-1879; D. Y. Murdock, 1880-1882; Ralph Wat- 
son, 1883-1885; C. W. Bostwick, 1886; Mr. Bostwick 
died while pastor on July 16, 1891 ; L. C. Sparks, 1892- 
1895; Joseph Clark, 1896-1897; W. L. Alexander, 
1 898- 1 899; J. W. Mougey, 1900; L. S. Fuller, 1901. 

United Bfcthrcn in Christ 

The United Brethren class of Winchester was or- 
ganized in about 181 5 and was known as Kramer's 
class. Prior to the organization meetings had been 
held at the homes of different persons and then at a 
log school house that stood about half a mile north of 
Winchester. Lewis Kramer, a local preacher, was 
one of the most active members, and when he built the 
log residence on his farm, — the one* now owned by- 
Samuel Deitz — with some assistance he included a 
large room in which to hold their meetings. In about 
1829 or 1830 Mr. Kramer sold his farm to Henry Deitz 
— father of Samuel — reserving the right to continue 
the use of the room in which to hold their meetings. It 
is said that the meetings often got too noisy to suit 
Mr. Deitz, so three or four years later, in 1832 or 1833 


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he purchased this privilege and the money was de- 
voted to help erect a church building. In 1833, the 
Quarterly Conference met at the residence of Adam 
Kramer — who lived where Mrs. Mary Brown now 
lives — ^and at this meeting it was decided to erect a 
frame church building on lot No. 4, Columbus street, 
the site still occupied. Frederick Frutchey was the 
"boss" carpenter who with the other workmen boarded 
with Mrs. Ervin Moore's father — ^John Kramer, Sr. — 
a circumstance which she remembers quite well, being 
then nine years old. February i, 1834, the conference 
met in this new building, Rev. Joshua Montgomery 
being the pastor and Rev. Wm. Hanby the presiding 
elder. The circuit was known as the Lancaster cir- 
cuit of the Scioto Conference. August 6th, 1834, the 
circuit was divided and called the Winchester circuit. 
In 1850 the frame church building was moved across 
the street to lot No. 39 now owned by Ervin Moore, 
where services were held until the brick church was 
completed. The first bell in Winchester was put on 
this old frame church in about 1846. This building 
was erected in 185 1 ; it was 40 by 50 feet with a base- 
ment story. The brick were burned on John Kramer's 
land just west of Jonathan Rinehard's house. John 
Kissel did the carpenter work and Jacob Bellinger the 
brick work. This building was occupied until 1887 
when it was torn down to give place to the present 
neat and substantial building which was erected during 
that year on the foundation of the old building; the 
old brick being used in the walls, as were also the 
joists and floor of the old building. The building 
committee consisted of Ervin Moore, Henry Will, and 
George Powell. Mr. Powell personally superintended 
the construction of the building at an outlay of $4,000 


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in cash besides the old material and some labor 

In aVut 1828 the United Brethren leased a grove 
of Lewis Kramer for a term of five years for the pur- 
pose of hol'iing^ camp meetings : as many as fifty "cot- 
tages." s^rne of hewn and others of round logs, were 
erected, and a space in which to hold the services was 
enc!» setl with a log: wall some four or five feet high. 
After hu!dinj2: the nieetinc^rs here for two years, the land 
was s*»!d to Henr}- Deitz and camp meetings were then 
held near where Henrj- Rush's residence now stands, 
and in later years meetings were held in John Har- 
mon's woods some four miles north of Winchester. 
Among the early members were Rev. Lewis ( Lud wig) 
Kramer, George Harmon, Michaek Kramer, who lived 
on the Shaffer farm, Peter Robinauttz on the Garret 
Miller farm, Mrs. Francis Beirly on the N. Tallman 
farm, Peter P>amhardt. Adam Kramer, Sr., on the 
Brown farm, Adam Kramer, Jr., John Kramer, Sr.. 
where Jerr>* Kramer now lives, John Kramer, Jr., fa- 
miliarly known as **L"ncle Johnnie," a Mr. Coble, John 
Colman on the comer of West and Liberty streets, 
Lewis Kramer at the Kramer mills, Lewis Kramer, Jr., 
on the Ashbrook farm, George Kramer on the Bruns 
farm, Jacob Kramer on the Kester farm, Benjamin and 
John Boyd, Grove Karnes lived at the west end of West 
street. Reuben French on the Robt. Thrush fs^rm. 
Grove French, Elias Smaltz, Elizabeth and Daniel Deitz 
and Abraham Harrison on the David Martin farm. 
An amusing incident once occurred at a meeting led by 
Lewis Kramer. He had forgotten his glasses, and 
talking slowly, said: **My eyes are dim, I cannot see; 
I left my specks at home," hesitating a moment, the 
congregation thinking he was "lining" a hymn, as was 


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the custom in those days, began to sing, and sang the 
words through. He then tried to explain by saying: 
"I did not say that you should sing, *I left my specks 
to home/ '' Again the congregation sang, much to the 
embarrassment of the leader. 

The presiding elders have been: John Russell, 
1833; Wm. Hanby, 1834, 1835; John Coons, 1836, 
1837; Elias Vandemark, 1838-1841, 1844, 1853; J. 
Montgomery, 1842, 1843, 1846, 1847, 1851, 1852, 1857, 
1862, 1865; Lewis Davis, 1845; Mathias Ambrose, 
1848; Henry Jones, 1849; Wm. Fisher, 1850, 1866, 
1867; B. GilHspie, 1854, 1856, 1859; Jc>s. M. Span- 
gler, 1855, 1858, 1876; David Shrader, i860; Oliver 
Spencer, 1861 ; V/m. McDaniel, 1868, 1869; J. W. 
Sleeper, 1870, 1871, 1875, ^^77 \ J- H. Dickson, 1873; 
Daniel Bonebrake, 1874; J. B. Resler, 1878, 1879; E. 
Bernard, 1884; Wm. J. Davis, 1885; A. Orr, 1887- 

1889, 1894, 1895, 1898, 1899, 1901 ; J. A. Crayton, 

1890, 1891 ; W. G. Mauk, 1892, 1893; J. P. Stewart, 
1896, 1897. 

The following have been the pastors — up to 1863 
there were two pastors on this circuit : 

James Ross, 1833 J Benjamin Moore, 1833 ; Daniel 
C. Topping, 1834; Wm. W. Davis, 1834, 1844; Joshua 
Montgomery, 1835, 1850; Abe Miller, 1835; Jacob 
Miller, 1835; W. W. Coons, 1836, 1843; Lewis Am- 
brose, 1836; Elias Vandemark, 1837; David Edwards, 
1837; M. Roe, 1838; P. Lamb, 1838; Wm. W. Da- 
vids, 1839; Samuel Heistands, 1839, 1840; Wm. 
Fisher, 1840, 1869; Mathias Ambrose, 1841, 1851 ; 
Jesse Wilson, 1841 ; Wm. K. McKabe, 1842; George 
Hathaway, 1843, ^848; J. C. Winter, 1844; M. Bit- 
ler, 1845; J- Kritzinger, 1846; J. Fink, 1846; Pleas- 


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ant l>rock, 1847; Wm. Furguson, 1847, 1848, 1852; 
Wm. Walters. 1849; T. J. Babcock, 1849: J. Winn, 
1851: Benj. H. Karnes, 1852, 1855; P. Appleman, 
1853. 1854; L. D. Ambrose, 1853, 1854; J. H. Drake, 
1855, 1856; A. G. Henipleman, 1856; David Shrader, 
1857, 1858 1866; L. A. Johnson, 1857; G. L.Johnson, 
1858; Oliver Spencer, 1859; Geo. H. Bower. 1859, 
i860: Daniel Bonebrake, i86o,i37?;-B.GiUispie, 1861 : 
S. Longshore, 1861, 1862; Solomon Zerers, 1862; 
Jos. M. Spangler, 1863, 1864; Wm. Hanby, 1865; 
John V. Potts, 1867; Wm. Brown, 1868; Wm. Mc- 
Daniel, 1870; J. H. Dickson, 1871; S. F. Altman, 
1873, 1874; D. A. Johnson, 1875. 1876; P. L. Hinton, 
1877, 1880, 1884, 1885: J. W. Sleeper. 188 1 ; A. E. 
Davis, 1881 ; Wm. J. Davis, 1882, 1883; M. S. Bovey, 
1886; A. Snyder, 1887-1891, 1896-1899; W. E. Ams- 
baugh, 1892-1895; H. A. Zuspan, 1900-1901. 

A Sunday school has been kept up since as early as 
1833, and most likely since 1828 or 1829. In those 
early days not every one favored Sunday schools. 
In about 1836 a Union Sunday school was organized 
in the frame school house which stood on the lot now 
occupied by J. K. Miller's residence. Joseph Wright 
was the superintendent, and Nathan Wright, Reuben 
Dove, Matilda Dove, Susan Wright and John Colman 
were the teachers. About thirty scholars attended. 
The following rules printed on a card three and one- 
half by four and a half inches were required to be ob- 
served: I. I must always mind the superintendent 
and teachers of this school ; 2. I must come every Sun- 
day, and be here when the school goes in ; 3. I must go 
to my seat as soon as I come in ; 4. I must always be 
still ; 5. 1 must not leave my seat till school goes out; 


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6. I must take good care of my book ; 7. I must not 
lean on the next scholar ; 8. I must walk softly in the 
school ; 9. I must not make any noise by the school 
door, but must go in as soon as I come there ; 10. I 
must always go to church ; I must behave well in the 
street when I am going to church ; I must walk softly 
in the church: I must sit still in my place till church 
goes out; I must go away from church as soon as I 
go out." No other records could be found until 1848, 
but there is reason to believe that this Sunday school 
was continued from year to year, very likely only in 
the summer seasons, and grew until on June 11, 1848, 
according to the record book kept by Chas. B. Cannon, 
who was then the secretary, it numbered one hundred 
and forty-five. The following is the enrollment by 
classes. The figures following the names gives the age ; 
Reuben Dove, 49, superintendent ; J. B. Evans, 37, as- 
sistant superintendent ; Chas. B. Cannon, 23, secretary ; 
W. H. Tallman. 23, librarian. Class No. i : M. C. 
Whitehurst, teacher, 28; Joseph S. Cater, 15; G. M. 
B. Dove, 14: W. J. Carty, 13; Herod C. Cater, 17; 
Reuben S. Bartlitt, 14. Class No. 2: Hinton Tall- 
man, 37, teacher; Israel Cayman, 17; Henry Harmon, 
13; Philip Game, 12; Chas. Burgess, 12; James Cau- 
tion, 9; W. H. Tallman, 8. Class No. 3: C. W. 
Carnes, 22, teacher; John H. Bartlit, 7; Thomas J. 
Evans, 7; Henry Harbaugh, 10; Thos. Matthews, 10; 

Wm. Dellinger, 1 1 ; Ephriam Gayman, . Class 

No. 4: John Wolf, 19, teacher; Moses Gayman, 18; 
Elijah Kramer, 14; Michael Schrock, 14; Upton Noll, 
12; Harrison McCurdy, 12; Thos. Price, 6. Class 
No. 5 : Lafayette Tallman, 23, teacher ; George Sar- 
gent, II ; Jacob Snyder, 7; Henry Robinson, 15 ; Wm. 
Helpman, 13; John Colman, 7. Class No. 6: John 


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Gehm, 19, teacher; Wm. Cater, 8; Abram Harmon, 
10; Peter Brown, 12; Isaac Kramer, 11; Jeremiah 
Kramer, 7; Chas. Brown, 10; Nathaniel Kramer, 9. 
It is related that Mr. Gehm would not dismiss his class 
at the church, but would have them march, two by 
two, himself forming one of the front twos, in regular 
military order, up street to Whitehurst and Carty's 
store, where he clerked, and after a word of advice 
dismiss them there. Class No. 7: Israel Knepper, 
20, teacher; Isaac Moore, 13; Martin Samsel, 7; Sam- 
uel Harmon, 6; Hanby Kramer, 6; Stephen Robin- 
son, 10 ; Eli Miller. Class No. 8 : Peter Bolenbaugh, 

, teacher; Lawrence Carty, ; Henry Samsel, 

1 1 ; Wm. Schrock, 8 ; George Noll, 8 ; John Line, 10 ; 
Irvin Kramer, 1 3 ; Chas. Yost, 9 ; Samuel Dellinger, 
14. Other male scholars, but not classified, were: 

Emanuel Dellinger, 15; Henry Samsel, ; Samuel 

Carty, ; Tallman Slough, 11 ; David Kramer, 15; 

Elisha Bolenbaugh, Melvin Schrock, Wm. Schrock, 
Alex. Harmon, Wm. Boyd, Jacob Fay 15, Henry 
Game, Artinesea Osborn 10, Harrison Tallman 5, Mar- 
tin Jeff res 12, Lafayette Jeffres 10. In all these years, 
and on up into the seventies, all the women were seated 
on the west side of the church and all the men on the 
east side. The writer remembers well when in the 
spring of 1869, having just moved from Logan, where 
a different custom prevailed, he took a seat beside a 
young lady on the west side. It was only a moment 
until Mr. Helpman very politely told him "that is no 
place for boys.*' The result was an embarrassed 
young man and a snickering audience. The choice 
seats then for young people were along the middle wall, 
a solid board partition about three and a half feet high. 


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The female teachers and scholars follow: Class 
No. I : Elizabeth Lee, teacher ; Louisa Kramer, 1 1 ; 
Emma Colman, lo; Marcilla Thompson, 8; Rebecca 
Line, 13; Mary Jane Helpman, 12. Class No. 2: 
Delilah Whitehurst, 21, teacher; Caroline Cater, 13; 
Catherine Stevenson, 9; Pheba Tallman, 13; Almira 
Slough, 12 ; Francis Tallman, 1 1. Class No. 3 : Grace 
Tallman, teacher; Harriet Cater, 10; Nancy Tallman^ 
10; Eliza Helpman, 9; Elizabeth Carty, 9; Mary 
Carty, 9. Class No. 4: Eliza Tallman, teacher ;^ 
Clarissa Line, 8 ; Mary A. Howard, 9 ; Pauline Slough, 
9 ; Addie Bergstresser, 8 ; Diana Carty, 8 ; Julia Har- 
baugh, 8. Class No. 5: Mary Whitehurst, teacher; 
Margaret Game, 10; Catharine Myers, 12; Ellen Yost, 
11; Margaret Kramer, 14; Catharine Slife, 13. Class^ 
No. 6: Martha Carnes, teacher; Sarah Brown, 16;. 
Sarah Jane Somerville, 11; Mary Brown, 17; Chris- 
tena Brown, 15; Sarah Karnes, 11. Class No. 7: 
Mary Cannon, teacher; Francis A. Curtis, 6; Irene 
Samsel, 7; Irene Helpman, 5; Margaret Cater, 4. 
Class No. 8 : Eliza Leathers, teacher ; Margaret Sam- 
sel, II; Pheba Adams, ; Lyda Noll, 10. Class 

No. 9 : Rosanna Herkins, teacher ; Huldy Herrick, 4 ; 

Susanah Harbaugh, ; Henrietta Herrick. Class 

No. 10: Hanah Shoemaker, teacher; A. Samsel, Sa- 
rah A. Stevenson, Lovina Brown, Caroline Krag, Mer- 
ion Tallman, 7; Minerva Tallman, 7; Catherine Moore, 
13; Jane Moore, 10, and the following unclassified: 
Mary E. Fry, Luretta Samsel, Eliza Ebright, •Priscilla 
Howard, A. M. Slough, R. Murry, Augusta Bartlitt, 
G. Thompson, Minerva Thompson. In the summer of 
1849 the following additional names appear : Lida No- 
terer, Sarah Pearsall, Louisa Schrock and Mary Kra- 
mer as teachers, and the following scholars : Mary C 


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Bishop, Delilah Boyd, Sarah Werner, Sarah A. Del- 
linger, Louisa Werner, Susanna Walters, Polly Sam- 
sel, Ellen Johns, Eliza Jane Dellinger, Saluda Fry, Lu- 
cinda Pearsall, Samantha Kramer, Barbara Miller, 
Mar\' Price, Sarah McLean, Hariet McLean, and a 
little later Mary C. Thompson, Caroline Cater, Barbara 
Bolenbaugh, Amanda Schrock, Mrs. Yost, John Help- 
man. Samantha Kramer, Sarah Kramer, Eliza Trine, 
Jacob Moore, P. Kramer, Eliza Boyd, Philo Williams, 
C. Stevenson, Noah Bannister, Matilda Grub, Rebecca 
Line, Delilah Boyd, Julia Corner, Rachel Game, Lewis 
Kramer, Wm. Helpman, Ervin Kramer and John Boyd 
were teachers, and the following additional scholars 
were enrolled in 1851 and 1852: Lucinda, Sarah and 
Francis Allen, Adaline Alspach, Harriet Boggs, Jesse 
Bannister, Clias. Burgess, Katharine Beard, Heber 
Colman, Alfred Cannon, Chas. B. Cowan, Eliza Decker, 
Perry Fellers, John Grubb, Mary Hathaway, David 
Helpman, Geo. Harmon, Melvin Karnes, Orlando Line, 
John Loucks, Michael Loucks, Joseph Loucks, Henry 
Mover, Chas. Miller, Thos. Miller, Robt. Moore, El- 
len Miller, Katharine Moore, Miss L. Newbour, Herk 
Price, Edward Root, Daniel Runkle, Collin Schrock, 
Jacob Snyder, Miss E. Stands, Georgia Yost, 
David Yost, Augusta Zimmer, Benton Kramer, 
-Sarah Clendening, Elmira Kramer, Elmina Kissell, 
Benton Kissell, Carson Swisher, Lewis Stands, Milton 
Schrock, Mary Stands, Amanda Sparr, Catherine 
Swisher, Malinda Schoch, Thos. Sibel, Henry Sibel, 
Louise Clendening, A. McComb, Ervin Moore, Wm. 
Krag, August Krag, Frank Harbaugh, Mary Howard, 
Leah Ringer, Polly Ringer, Emma Hische, Tena Har- 
mon, Sarah Trine, Wesley Stands. 


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The officers were as follows — Superintendent: 
Reuben Dove, 1848, 1852; M. C. VVhitehurst, 1849; 
Levi Kramer, 185 1. Assistant Superintendent: J. B. 
Evans, 1848; Hinton Tallman, 1849; Lewis Kramer, 

1851, 1852. Secretary: Chas. B. Cannon, 1848; 
John Helpman, 1849; Wm. Carty, 185 1; Grove 
Karnes, 1852; refused to serve and Ervin Moore 
elected. Librarian: W. H. Tallman, 1848; Chas. B. 
Cannon, 1849; John Helpman, 1851 ; Levi Kramer, 

1852. This school used Union Question and Union 
Singing books. In about 1840 a library was purchased 
and was in use for many years. The Sunday school 
was held for a few years after the first brick church was 
built in the basement, but it was damp and not welt 
lighted so for many years it was used to store wood 
and finally became the residence of the janitor. From 
1852 — when the M. E. started a school of their own — 
until 1876, no records can be found, so little is known 
except that Reuben Dove, John Boyd, John Helpman, 
J. T. Flinchbaugh* and M. C. Whitehurst were aciive 
workers, and each at different times was superintend- 
ent. Since 1876 the following have been superiatend- 
ents: James P. Kramer, 1876 to July 29, 1877, vrUtn 
he resigned and John Helpman was elected, 1877-1879; 
George Powell, 1880; Robt. W. Bolenbaugh, 1881- 
1892, 1898-1901 ; Prof. T. M. Pouts, 1893-1895; served 
only a few months in 1895, when he moved away and 
Mr. Bolenbaugh, who was assistant superintendent, 
served the remainder of the year; W. D. Boyer, 1896- 

Some of the teachers were : Rev. W. R. Miller, J. 
K. Miller, J. T. Flinchbaugh, Henry Will, Wm. H. 
Hische, Ann Helpman, Mrs. Flinchbaugh, Leah Cater^ 
John Helpman, John Boyd, Geo. Powell, B. F. Miller^ 


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Ed. D. Winders, Stephen Boyd, Jane Griffith, Susan 

Among the early secretaries were : Mai Kams, 
Philip Game, Geo. M. B. Dove, B. Frank Trine, Frank 
Armpreister (for several years just previous to the 
starting of the Sunday school by the Lutheran and Re- 
formed in 1865), \Vm. M. Game, \Vm. L. Walters and 

The first organ was purchased during the pastor- 
ate of Rev. Wm. Hanby in 1865 ; previous to this John 
Boyd led the singing. Miss Jennie Hanby was the 
first organist, follwed by Emma Haskell (Mrs. Philip 
Game), Miss Partridge, Miss Raney, Lolla Wright, 
Ella X'ought, Emma Will, Delia Tussing, Elida King, 
Mary Powell, Mae Schoff, Mary Yost and Mrs. C. V. 


United Bfcthren in Christ. 

A class was organized in Groveport in the spring 
of 1856. This organization was largely due to the 
active members of the Winchester class. A brick 
church building was erected the same summer at a 
cost of about $1,400, and dedicated in the following 
September. Among the most active in this enterprise 
were the following: John Helpman, Henry Kramer, 
Ervin Moore, John Kramer, George Nye, Jas. G. 
Howard and Rev. B. H. Karnes, the first pastor. At 
one time there were some fifty members, but by deaths 
and removals the class became so small that services 
were discontinued after 1869, up to which time reg- 
ular services had been held. In 1871 the building 
located on Blacklick street was sold to the Roman 
Catholics and the class disbanded. 


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Tftffo Presbyterian Chtsrch* 

The name was given this organization in honor and 
memory of Truro Church at Truro, Nova Scotia. 
Col. E. L. Taylor, of Columbus, O., says, **My grand- 
father, Robert Taylor, came from the town of Truro 
in Nova Scotia to Ohio in the fall of 1805. The family 
remained at Chillicothe two years. In 1807 my grand- 
father built the house on the west bank of Big Walnut 
creek in Truro township, which is still standing, and 
moved into it in March, 1808. The family were Pres- 
byterians in faith and attended Dr. Hoge's church 
in Franklin until the Truro church was or- 
ganized. John Long and brother, also Presby- 
terians, came some years later to Truro, from Nova 
Scotia. The town of Truro from which they came 
is situated at the head of a branch of the bay of Fundy, 
some forty or fifty miles northwest of the town of 
Halifax in Nova Scotia. My grandmother has often 
told me about the great tides in the bay of Fundy — the 
highest in the world. In 1820 Rev. Dr. Hoge organ- 
ized the Truro congregation and soon after a frame 
meeting house was built on about three acres of ground 
given by Wm. Patterson, on the north side of section 
No. 3, near the Truro township line, and about this 
time the graveyard, which in those days was esteemed 
an essential part of a church property, was laid out. 
In less than a week Jane Patterson was buried therein, 
rvmong the early members were Robert Taylor, who 
died in 1828, wife and children, Abiathor Vinton, 
Matthew, David (Father of the Columbus attorneys. 
Col. Edward L. and Henry C), Rebecca and Eliz- 
abeth (Married brothers by the name of Long), and 
Susan (Married Guilbert Green). They all attended 


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868 HISTORY OF madison township. 

Truro when first established, but subsequently 
Mathew Taylor and his family united with the Seceder 
Church at Reynoldsburg ; Guilbert Green's family also 
united with the M. E. Church at Reynoldsburg, Wm. 
Patterson, Sr., and wife (Jane McComb, Sr.), John 
Sharp and wife (Jane Patterson), Hiram Leonard 
and wife (Eliza Patterson), Wm. Elder and wife 
(Martha Patterson), James Patterson and wife, Wm. 
Patterson, Jr., and wife, Thomas Patterson — "Uncle 
Tommy" married a Miss Codner and united with the 
Asbury M. E. Church, — Thomas C. Hendreii and wife 
(Mary Turner), for about ten years, when they united 
with the Baptist Church at Groveport ; Wm. McCombs 
and wife (Rebecca Keasley), Thomas McCombs and 
family, Jonathan McCombs and family, John Mc- 
Combs and family, Samuel McCombs and wife, Wm. 
McCombs and wife, David McCombs, Sarah McCombs 
Hendren, Robert Cooper McCombs, a minister of the 
Gospel, father of Prof. P. H. K. McCombs of Han- 
over, Ind. ; Eliza McCombs Forbes, Maria McCombs 
Marrow, John Cambridge and family, Elias Chester, 
Sr., and daughters Abigail and Mrs. Louisa Chester 
Taylor, Freeman Chester and wife, Simeon Chester 
and wife, Elias Chester, Jr., wife and children, Oscar 
and wife, Ezra and wife, Thaddeus, a licentiate at his 
death, Martha, wife of A. T. Hendren and Ann Ches- 
ter Taylor, Zachariah Paul and sons, John, Robert and 
William, Elias Guerin and wife, a daughter of John 
McComb, Geo. W. Kalb and wife. Among the later 
members: Miss Lizzie Wheeler, Mathew E. Kalb 
and wife, Eliza Needels, Cyrus McCombs and wife, 
George West and wife, James Taylor and daughters. 
Tip Fabler and wife, Mrs. Zadox Vesey, Jared Fors- 
man, Samuel Carson and others. 


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5 ?, 


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No records could be found, so we must be content 
with the incomplete list of pastors and elders. The 
successive pastors were Reverends James Hoge, D. D., 
Mathew Taylor, Abner Leonard, Elias Vandemaii, 
John W. Fulton, Josiah D. Smith, John Scott, John 
Arthur, Andrew Barr and Wm. Maynard. 

Among the elders were Abiather V. Taylor, David 
Taylor, John McComb, Geo. W. Kalb, Mathew E, 

In 1835 the frame church was replaced by a sub- 
stantial brick church. This building was occupied 
until about 1870 when it was considered unsafe, and in- 
about 1885 o" ^ Sunday afternoon some of the walls 
fell in. Shortly afterwards Samuel Brown purchased 
the brick and used them in the erection of some build- 
ings on his farm. 

We are indebted to Henry C. Taylor, Esq., for the 
following interesting items regarding the purchase of 
stoves and the sale of pews : ''Truro Church, January 
9th, 1836. The congregation met agreeably to public 
notice. A. Leonard was called to the chair and David 
Taylor was appointed secretary. 

Resolved, That a committee be appointed to pro- 
cure two ten plate stoves, and such pipes as said com- 
mittee shall think best for the use of the meeting house. 
Messrs. David Taylor and Hiram Leonard were ap- 
pointed said committee. Resolved, that the stoves 
shall stand in the broad aisles before the doors, and 
the pipes suspended from above. Resolved, that pew 
No. I be designated for the use of the officiating pastor 
and his family. Resolved, that eight pews at the east 
end of the house, viz., two in each row, be set apart 
as public seats, and the two front block pews for the 
use of the choir. Resolved, that a public sale of the 

24 H M T 


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pews not Otherwise designated, take place on Wed- 
nesday, the 25th inst., on the premises at 10 o'clock 
a. in., and that immediate public notice be given of 
said sale by the building committee, and that it be 
published from the pulpit on Sabbath, the 22d inst., 
in the presence of the congregation, and that a sale of 
the old meeting house and stoves take place at the 
same time and place, provided that no pew nor the 
old house shall be sold at a less value than the appraised 
price. Adjourned sine die. Abner Leonard, chair- 
man. David Taylor, secretary." 

Also for the very unique copy of a deed in fee 
simple for a pew. ^'David Taylor having purchased 
and paid fifty dollars in full for pew No. 52 in the 
Truro Presbyterian meeting house, situate on their lot, 
being part of the northwest quarter of section No. 3, 
township II, range 21, Congress land, in Franklin 
County, Ohio. In consideration of which payment, 
the right, title and possession of said pew are hereby 
granted and conveyed to said David Taylor, his heirs 
and assigns forever, subject to the conditions on which 
the pews were originally sold, and to such other reg- 
ulations as the congregations may hereafter make re- 
specting them. In witness whereof, the undersigned, 
trustees of Truro Presbyterian congregation, have 
hereunto put their hands and seals this 30th day of 
December in the year of our Lord 1837. 
(Seal) John Long, 
(Seal) A. V. Taylor, 
(Seal) Jonathan McComb, 
(Seal) Elias Chester, Sr., 

David Taylor also purchased pew No. 31 paying 
the same price and receiving a similar deed. 


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'The Truro congregation was for many years one 
of the strongest in the Columbus Presbytery. The 
most prosperous period of the church was during the 
eleven years of the ministry of Rev. Josiah D. Smith. 
He was a most excellent man and a very able minister 
and deeply regarded by his congregation. He came 
from Truro to Columbus to assist Rev. Dr. Hoge in 
the pastorate of the First Presbyterian Church and 
afterwards became pastor and built up the Westmin- 
ster Church. I remember well the time he came to 
Columbus, which was several years before my father 
moved to Columbus (David Taylor moved to Co- 
lumbus in 1857), and the church never prospered 
after he left it as it had before." (From a let- 
ter written by Col. E. L. Taylor) . Like many another 
rural church, the decline of Truro was caused by the 
fact that the old substantial members either died or 
moved away, besides many of the farms in the vicinity 
of this church have been for many years largely occu- 
pied by tenants instead of by the owners. Then it is 
reported that "the coming of the Civil War during 
the pastorate of Rev. Wm. Maynard caused some 
dissension." Very likely these differences were no 
more serious than in many of the other congregations 
of the different denominations of those days. While 
some have distinct recollections of this feeling others 
cannot recall and even doubt that there was any feel- 
ing, indicating that the dissension was not general. 

Truro graveyard, for many years one of the best 
kept and one of the most prominent in the county, has 
also gone down, and no burials have taken place there 
for several years. 

Many of the tombstones have fallen over and 
some are broken. 


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The congregation owned a parsonage just north of 
the church building, but across the line in Truro town- 

A Sunday school was organized at an early day and 
continued until about the time of the disbandment of 
the congregation. A Sunday school was also main- 
tained at the "Branch (or Mission) Church," known 
as the Alum Creek Church. The officers of the Truro 
Church served both churches, the services at the Alum 
Creek Church being held in the afternoons. This 
building was sold in about 1867 or 1868 and still occu- 
pies the same lot which is now a part of the SchafF 
farm on the Columbus and Winchester pike. 

Gfovcport PMsbytcrian Chtirclu 

This congregation was organized October 13, 1854^ 
with the following membership: John Begg, Mary 
Begg, Mrs. Damaris Champe, Jane CofFman, C. Perry 
Dildine, Mary Ann Dildine, E. A. W. Furgeson, Anna 
M. Gares, Samuel Sharp, Eliza N. Sharp, Abraham 
Sharp, Temperance Sharp, Mrs. Ruth Seymour (wife 
of William), Mrs. Sarah Woodring, Miss Sarah 
Wright, Miss Jane Wright, and two days later — Octo- 
ber 15th — the following others became members: 
Daniel Mclntire, Clarinda Mclntire, Mary Paul, Maria 
Roberts. From 1854 until i860 the following united : 
John K. Adams and wife, Jane Clark, Mrs. Susan 
Dildine, Margaret A. Decker, Wm. T. Hendren (en- 
tered the ministry in 1864), Geo. L. Hendren, Marga- 
ret Long, Mrs. Sarah McCormick, Joseph Rathmell, 
John R. Smith, Harriet R. Sharp (wife of Abraham), 
Parmetia Sarber (wife of Leonard), Mrs. Mary Shoe- 
maker, Miss Melvina Sharp, Mrs. Mary Woodring" 
(widow of Perry) ; from i860 to 1870: Solomon Al- 


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spach and wife, Sarah Alspach, Miss Jenet Beggs, 
John Begg, Jr., Mrs. Kate M. Brown (widow of T. M. 
Brown ; Mrs. B. married Rev. John Creath on May 
2, 1871), Miss Mary Camerson, Rodney Chanxpe, Mrs. 
Mary J. Coffman, Elizabeth and Leander Champe, Ho- 
mer Chester, Andrew F. Dildine and wife, Alpheus H. 
Davis, Mary, Laura A., Mary Belle and Albert Dildine, 
Mrs. Mary Decker, Milton Fisher, Miss Sarah J. 
Fisher, Mrs. Gares, Mrs. Ann Click, Lewis S. Cuerin 
and wife, John E. Cuerin (attending Theological Semi- 
nary), Henry Ceese, Nancy Hendren (wife of Geo. 
L.), A. Turner Hendren and wife, Hiram Mealy and 
wife, Mary E. Moul, Mrs. Christena Mclntire, Miss 
Maggie Mclntire (married A. M. Rarey), John Mc- 
Comb, Miss Elizabeth Overdeer, Mrs. Kate Root, 
Elias Remalia and wife, Mrs. Mary Reese, Mrs. Eliza 
Steele, Miss Kate Seymour (married John Cox), Chas. 
J. Stevenson, Thos. Seymour and wife, Welton and 
Miner Seymour, Leonard Sarber, Wm. P. Sharpe and 
wife, Mrs. Susannah Senter, Maggie and Ida Ella 
Seymour, Mrs. Mary E. Sharp, John Wildermuth, 
Mary A. and Effie Woodring, Mrs. Maggie Peister, 
Mrs. Martha Wallace, Miss Theodosie Wallace, Mrs. 
Olive Work, John E. Whitemore and wife. Miss Ma- 
hala Whaley, Mrs. Elizabeth Westenhaver; between 
1870 and 1880: Geo. S. Dildine, Miss Eliza Herr, 
Virginia F. Hughes, Ceo. W. Kalb and wife, Mathew 
E., Albert and Alice Kalb, Henry Kalb and wife, Ja- 
cob C. Knight, Jephtah King and wife, Samuel Kindler 
and wife, Ceo. W. Lisle and wife, Mrs. Eliza Lisle, 
David Leda, Mrs. Angelina Mansfield, Mrs. Hannah 
Needels, Mrs. Eliza Needels (wife of Ceo. W.)^ John 
Pattrick and wife, Mrs. Charlotte Ramsey, A. Miner 
Rarey, Mrs. Sarah F. Stevenson, Samuel S. Schooley, 


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John p. Sharp and wife, Geo. Seymour and wife, Miss 
Jennie Seymour, Mrs. Jennie Shockley, Jesse Sey- 
mour, Mary Jane Seymour, Mrs. Sarah Seymour, Mrs. 
Maria Simpson, Mrs. Francis Sarber, Nathan P. Toy 
and wife. Miss Jennie Thompson, Mrs. Mary C. Van 
Wormer, Lucinda Van Wormer, Miss Irene Vesey, 
Mrs. A. J. West, Miss Rosetta M. West, Levi Wag- 
ner and wife, Daniel Wagner and wife, Geo. T. 
Wheeler and wife. Miss Elizabeth Wheeler, Mrs. Mar- 
garet A. Whims (wife of Seymour W.), Jacob Wolf, 
Sr., and wife, Mrs. Elouissa Watkins, Mary L. Wood- 
ring, David Westenhaver, Mrs. Catharine Wheeler, 
Mrs. Nettie Willie, Miss Almeda Barrett, Peter Agew, 
Mrs. Anna M. Chester, Samuel Cairns, Miss Nancy 
Cairns, W. A. Chamberlain, Mary A. Champe, Elon 
Champe, Samuel S. Crist, Sarah A. Crist ; 47 persons 
became members during 1870, many of them coming 
from the Truro Presbyterian church. Since 1880 the 
following others have become members : Mrs. Ella 
Baird, Connetia M. Butterman, Anna Crist (married 
Rev. S. H. McClenigan), Wm. T. Decker, Dr. Walter 
He wet son and wife, John Pattrick, Maggie Pattrick, 
John Reed, Mrs. Anna Reed, Jacob Reed, Henry Scof- 
feld and wife, Miss Deaza Senter (wife of C. D. Ra- 
rey), Mrs. L. A. Seymour (wife of Miner), Alonzo 
Strode, J. V. Thompson, Wm. E. Thompson, Mrs. Ann 
E. Vesey, David M. Willie and Jacob Zimmerman. 
Geo. L. Hendren says: "The present membership is 
about (40) forty. This congregation has suffered great 
loss in the last two decades by deaths and removals — 
seven ruling elders and their families, eleven trustees 
and their families, and others, making about twenty- 
five families. The Sunday school has suffered even 
greater losses. There are more ex-members of this 


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church and Sunday school in Columbus churches and 
Sunday schools than we now enroll, besides all that 
have gone far away or died. * * * **This con- 
gregation, in the seventies, could sustain a pastor at a 
salary of ($i,ooo) one thousand dollars and give hun- 
dreds to missions and benevolence, besides owning a 
parsonage; now we do well to raise three hundred dol- 
lars for all purposes. Surely this has been a mission 
church, swarming almost to death ; but we Tiave a name 
to live, and in God's hands may yet do much." 

The pastors have been : Reverends Samuel Wilson, 
Wm. Maynard, Irwin Schofield, Creath, Stevenson, 
Reynolds, Kingery, C. B. Downs 1880, N. R. Crow 
1881, E. Thompson 1882. Then Groveport and Lith- 
opolis jointly called S. D. Smith, 1882-1885; A. B. 
Brice, D. D., 1886-1889; Dr. Brice closed his pastoral 
labors of fifty years with this church, becoming wholly 

disabled. He died at Cincinnati June 28, 1892 ; 

Hempstead, T. B. Atkins and Wm. Bullock, the pres- 
ent pastor. 

Among those served as elders were: Samuel 
Sharp, C. Perry Dildine, John Begg, Sr., Wm. P. 
Sharp, L. S. Guerin, Geo. W. Kalb, Samuel S. Crist, 
Geo. L. Hendren, Miner Seymour, Welter Seymour, 
A. W. Strode, John McComb. 

The church building was erected the same year that 
the congregation was organized, and about the same 
time a Sunday school was started. The superintendents 
have been: Samuel Sharp, C. P. Dildine, Geo. W. 
Kalb and Geo. L. Hendren. 

The present membership of the church is about 40, 
and of the Sunday school about the same. 


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Gfoveport Baptnt Chufch. 

On August 2^^ 1808, Ishmael Davis, John Dukes, 
Wni. D. Hendren, Wm. Clevenger, Mary Dukes, Nancy 
Chester. RHzabeth Cherry. Kleanor Peterson and Mar\' 
RawHngs were constituted into a regular Baptist 
church, called Bethel, by Elders Wni. Brundidge and 
John W. Loofborrow. For several years the meetings 
were held at the residences of Wni. D. Hendren and 
Wm. Clevenger. As was the custom of all the pioneer 
churches of the township, meetings were held but once 
a month. No meetings were held in November, De- 
cember and January, in the winter of 1808- 1809, <^" 
account of the severe weather and high waters. In 
July of 1809 John Swisher and wife and Jane Punt- 
ney become members. In 181 5 meetings were held al- 
ternately at Bro. Hendren's and Sister Caldwell's. 
"On June 22, 1816, by a unanimous vote, Bro. Ishmael 
Davis was called to exercise his gifts." The first 
church building, a frame, was erected in 1838- 1839, 
about one-half mile west of town, and is now occupied 
as a residence. Under date of January' 14, 1837, the 
minutes record the following: '^Resolved, that we 
thankfully accept Bro. Samuel Richardson^s proposal 
for building a Baptist meeting house." The building 
conmiittee was Wm. W. Richardson, Jacob Weaver 
and John Swisher. The first meeting held in this 
building was on March 16, 1839. Soon after the build- 
ing was occupied a division arose, some favoring mis- 
sions and Sunday schools, the others opposing them. 
On April 18, 1840, Elkanah Simms, Thos. Blakely (an 
exhorter), Sisters Weaver, Myers, Seymour and 
Nancy Simms, being opposed to missions and Sunday 
schools, styled themselves "old school Baptists," and 


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they, having possession of the keys to the church, held 
the building. "Having lost our meeting house by 
fraud'' on August 13, 1842, Thomas C. Hendren, G. W. 
Simms and Fred Swisher were appointed a building 
committee — ^by those favoring missions and Sunday 
schools — to purchase a lot in Wert's grove and build a 
church. This building was erected in 1843 ^^ ^^^ No. 
38, at a cost of about $1,200.00, and is still occupied. 
'*In February, 1846, Elders Madden and Heistand held 
a **meeting of days," which resulted in the addition, by 
baptism, of John Swisher, Mary Swisher, Dinah 
Brown, Elizabeth Brown, Emily Updegraff, Frederick 
Whitzel, Geo. Whitzel, Emanuel Conklin, Susan Conk- 
lin, Catharine Smith, Margaret Tussing, Wm. Rower, 
Thos. Stickley and Sarah E. Hendren. In 1880 some 
$400.00 in repairs and improvements were added under 
the supervision of Wm. Whims and Frederick Swisher. 
The following soliciting committee assisting: Miss 
Sallie I. Settle, Mrs. Mary Turner Hendren and Miss 
Sarah E. Hendren. And on May 28, 1881, the build- 
ing was reopened for worship. The re-dedication ser- 
mon was preached by Rev. H. L. Gear and Rev. D. A. 
Randall, D. D., preached in the evening. Miss Irene 
Vesey of the Presbyterian church acted as organist, 
and Mrs. Casper Limpert furnished a profusion of 
plants and flowers for the occasion. The membership 
had become reduced by deaths and removals to only 
eight. In 1882 a series of meetings were held at which 
Rev. A. L. Jordon, of Columbus, assisted, and ten were 
added to the membership. The candidates were bap- 
tized in Blacklick creek, about a mile north of Grove- 
port, being the first baptism in twenty years. In the 
fall of 1884 the baptistry was put into the church, and 


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in November Henry Whitzel and wife, Arthur Seymour 
ana Betsey Whitzel were baptized in it. 

The pastors have been: Wm. Brundige, 1808; 
Thos. Snellson, Adam Miller, John Hite, 1816-1819; 
James Peters, Lewis Madden, 1831-. .. . ; Samuel D. 
Alton (after the division), 1843, (*7ohn H. Fristoe and 
John W. Miller were granted clear licenses to preach 
the gospel on February 11, 1843'') J John W. Heistand, 
James Harvey, 1848-1852; John W. Miller, 1853 — died 
in 1855, ("May 6, 1854, M. C. Hendren was licensed 
to preach the gospel") ; E. Bounds, Mordicai Cloud 
Hendren, 1861-. . . . ; O. Allen, for six years, died in 
Columbus May 19, 1870; Samuel C. Tussing, 1883- 
. . . . ; A. L. Jordon (resigned August i, 1886) ; A. 
W. Gale, James W. Miller and M. M. Marlow. 

Supply pastors: Geo. Jeffries, A. W. Williams, 
Dr. D. A. Randall, of Columbus; T. C. Emerson and 
Geo. D. Rogers. 

The following is a list of the officers : Deacons — 

Wm. Downing Hendren, Wm. Glasscock, Bolles, 

Geo. W. Simms, Wm. Cox, Frederick Swisher, Thomas 

Cloud Hendren, Edward Davis, Chas. Steward, J. W. 

Mitchell, Wm. Snow Crosby, A. J. Bradfield and Chas. 

Hattenfels. Clerks — Wm. D. Hendren (grandfather 

of Sarah E.), John Swisher, John Fristoe, A. Willie^ 

John Updegraff, Thos. C. Hendren, for 19 1-2 years 

(father of Sarah E.), and Sarah E. Hendren, for 17 

years. The present Board of Trustees is Mrs. Sallie L 

Settle Brown, Sarah E. Hendren and Annie McCul- 


Canal Winchestef Reformed Church. 

Among the early settlers in Bloom and Violet town- 
ships, Fairfield county, were many German Reformed 
people, coming principally from Pennsylvania. The 


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Jobs, Betzers and Clicks congregations (the latter was 
organized September 15, 1808) were among the very- 
first church organizations in this section. Rev. George 
Weisz baptized children in the neighborhood of Win- 
chester as early as 1816 or 181 7, and in 1830 or 1831 
Rev. Weisz instructed a class of about twenty-five chil« 
dren in the Heidelberg catechism preparatory to con- 
firmation, at the residence of Daniel Leckrone, who 
then lived in a two-story log house that stood on the 
town lot. The children would bring their dinners and 
the instruction would begin at eight o'clock in the 
morning and last until about four o'clock ; in this way 
the catechism would be studied and perhaps committed 
to memory in one week, and the following Sunday the 
class was confirmed at Job's church. Preaching ser- 
vices were held in a log school house that stood in the 
southeast corner of section No. 16, along the Lithopo- 
lis and Winchester road, and in the large room on the 
Samuel Deitz farm that had been built by Lewis Kra- 
mer and the United Brethren people in which to hold 
meetings. This building was afterwards removed to 
the southeast quarter of section No. 16, now occupied 
by Chas. Schacht — and in the building on the southwest 
corner of West and Washington streets, now occupied 
by Mrs. McFadden. 

In 1839 in company with the Lutherans a brick 
church was erected on lot No. 40, Washington street. 
Frederick Fruchey did the carpenter work for $787.50, 
and Eichelberg & Epply received $784.48 for the brick 
work. It was occupied some four or five years before 
it was plastered. The plastering was done by Peter 
Miller. The first pews were slab benches. 

A memorandum, dated August 1841 says. "The 
church is in debt eight hundred and twenty-five dol- 


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lars and some cents." Three hundred and fifty dol- 
lars of this amount was borrowed from J. B. Wert, 
the note being dated October 20» 1841 at Werts Grove, 
O. It seems that this debt hung on for several years: 
in 1849 *^"^ 1850, when Henr>' Game was one of 
the Trustees some two hundred and seventy dollars 
were paid and on May 8, 1854 a payment of one 
hundred and sixty-five dollars was receipted for in 
full, Samuel Loucks and Philip Zimmer were active 
Trustees, and each subscribed $50 on the first, sub- 
scription Hst under date of May 24, 1839. In 1861 
a new roof was put on the building and a steeple 
added. The pulpit was located in the east end of the 
church until the steeple was put up when it was re- 
moved to the west end of the room, and the pews faced 
about. On March 20, 1863 the bell was put up. In 
the summer of 1869 the interior of the church was 
remodeled. The old goblet shaped pulpit with its 
flight of six or eight steps, the old benches, the Melo- 
deon, the ten plate stoves and other furniture was 
sold at auction. The old floor was replaced with a new 
one, a raised platform for the choir and the organ was 
erected in the rear end, (East) between the doors, 
new windows and doors and pews were furnished 
at a total cost of some thirteen hundred ($1300) dol- 

This building was occupied alternately by these 
two congregations until 1881 when the Refomied 
people purchased the interest of the Lutherans. 

The building was however occupied by both con- 
gregations until each of them completed their new 
churches and later it was occupied by the United 
Brethren during the time they were building their 
•church in 1887. On February 11, 1881 at a congrega- 

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tional meeting called for the purpose "the Elders^ 
Deacons and Trustees were appointed a committee 
to see what amount of money can be secured towards 
putting up a church building," and on March 8 this, 
committee made a proposition to the Lutherans to 
either buy or sell their half interest in the old build- 
ing at $600.00, after due consideration the Lutherans 
decided to sell, and on April 2 at a congregational 
meeting it was voted to build. Several building sites 
were proposed ; one plan was to buy the adjoining lot 
No. 41 on the south and build on these two lots; 
some proposed to build on lots No. 19, 20 and 21 on 
East Waterloo street then owned by O. P. Chaney, 
others favored three lots — No. 35, 36 and 37 on 
East Mound Street then owned by Wm. P. Miller, 
finally lots No. 24 and 25 on the corner of West and 
Washington Streets were selected and purchased for 
$1250, and the following building committee was ap- 
pointed : John S. Lehman, Chairman ; Geo. Loucks, 
John Brenner, Jacob Bott, and Sam Deitz with Rev. 
S P Mauger Secretary, who served until May 15, 1882^ 
when Geo. F. Bareis was elected secretary and Elijah 
Alspach Treasurer. The Building Committee visited 
the Obetz Lutheran church on the Columbus and 
Groveport pike and then requested Geo. F. Bareis 
to prepare Plans and Specifications for a similar 
building, which were slightly modified and adopted. 
The following persons were awarded the respective 
parts of the work: Ferdinand Leonard, wood work 
$2225 ; N. J. Wolf, brick work $2442 ; James Scanlon, 
plastering $275 ; O. J. Lawyer, painting $110; Geo. W, 
Siegfried, frescoeing $250; Watterson and Co., glass 



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The building alone cost $6600. Other expendi- 
tures including the lots, pews, pulpit, carpet, stoves, 
fence, and bell, (the bell was taken from the old 
church but its value is included) amounted to $2200 
at total of $8800. The corner stone was laid on Aug- 
ust I, 1 88 1. Rev. J. Vogt D. D. of Delaware preached 
the sermon. Revs. Geo. H. Leonard, James Heffey 
and the pastor Silas P. Mager assisting; by Septem- 
ber I the walls were up to the square and the roof 
was put on late in the fall. The building then stood 
until the next spring when the plastering, frescoeing, 
etc. were in turn completed, and on February 18, 
1883 the building was dedicated free of all debt. 
Rev. E. P. Herbuck of Akron preached the dedica- 
tory sermon from Isaiah LII : i. The following min- 
isters were also present: M. Louck, D. D., James 
HeflFley, W. A. From and the pastor, Austin Henry. 
The buildings that stood on the lots were sold at 
auction on June 4, 1881 ; Wm. Schrock purchased the 
house and moved it to Lot No. 36 Dove's ist Addition 
and John C. Speaks purchased the stable and moved 
it to the adjoining lot No. 26. In October 1882 the 
old church property was sold at public auction to 
Geo. Loucks for $526, the bell and furniture being 

November 26, 1895 the wind removed part of the 
roof and soon after Mr. Loucks sold it to Israel Gay- 
man who in 1896 tore down the old building that had 
become sacred and hallowed by many baptisms, con- 
firmations, funeral and other services. 

The following were the early members: perhaps 
up to 1854, Peter Brown and wife, Chas. Brown and 
wife, Samuel Loucks and wife, Wm. Leight, Daniel 
Harmon, Daniel Bergtresser, John Brenner, Henry 


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Harmon and wife, Lydia Milkr, George Deitz, Lewis 
Deitz, Sarah Sunday, Absalom Shoemaker, August 
Walters, Christena Brown, Rebecca Shoemaker, Eliza 
Armpreister, Susan Brenner, Solomon Alspach and 
wife, John Schrock and wife, Henry Game and wife, 
John Graff, John Wagoner and wife, Jacob Boyer and 
wife. Of these Mrs. Eliza Armpreister aged 90 years, 
Mrs Susan Brenner Hunsicker and Mr. John Brenner 
are still members. 

The following pastors have served this church con- 
secutively: Rev. George Weisz arrived at Lancaster, 
Ohio, on October 20th, 1816. He then spent about 
two months in Fairfield, Pickaway, Perry and Ross 
counties, preaching on the Sabbath and often through 
the week. The people in the localities that he visited 
importuned him to become their pastor ; but not hav- 
ing been licensed and ordained to preach he returned 
to Philadelphia, Pa., and pursued his studies until the 
following September, when, at a meeting of the Synod 
at York, Pa., he was licensed and his call to become 
the pastor of the people he had visited the year pre- 
vious was confirmed. On October nth, 1817, he 
again arrived at Lancaster, Ohio, and at once com- 
menced his ministerial labors — organizing congrega- 
tions, preaching, instructing the young, and engaging 
in such other duties as were required of the pioneer 
missionary. At first he supplied thirteen congrega- 
tions at distances from each other, varying from 
twenty to fifty-six miles. All the congregations of 
Lancaster Classes, except Delaware and the two in 
Columbus grew out of his labors. The rapid increase 
in the membership and of the number of the congre- 
gations, created an imperative demand for more lab- 
orers. In the absence of a theological seminary, al- 


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though burdened with the multitudinous duties of such 
an extensive field, he still found time to give private 
instructions to young men desiring to prepare for the 
ministry. And he also wrote and published a book 

entitled "A Short Instruction in the Christian Re- 
ligion According to the Heidelburg Catechism," 
which he had printed at Lancaster, Ohio, in 1837. 
The right hand pages were in English and the left 
hand in German. During his ministry of nearly forty 
years he preached 5,144 sermons, baptized 2,940 per- 
sons, confirmed 1,464, performed 535 marriages, and 
attended 736 funerals. He organized this congrega- 
tion and served as pastor until declining health com- 
pelled him to retire in 1854. His home was in Lan- 
caster, Ohio, where he died March 10, 1859, aged 65 
years, 8 months, 19 days. Father Weisz is remem- 
bered by some of our older people, in his great long 
overcoat, astride a large black horse, with his saddle 
bags, and by the fact that bad roads and swollen 
streams did not prevent him from meeting his appoint- 
ments unless they were entirely impassible. 

Rev. Israel S. Weisz succeeded his father in 1855, 
at the age of 23 years — ^to i860, when he removed to 
Pennsylvania. He died January 15th, 1894, at York, 
Pa., where he had preached for the past twenty years. 
His body lies in Prospect Hill Cemetery at York, Pa. 
Rev. James Heffly, December 19, i860, to September 
2, 1 87 1. Rev. Heffly came directly to Winchester 
from Heidelberg Theological Seminary after his grad- 
uation and has lived in Winchester continuously since. 
Rev. Eli Keller, D. D., August 25, 1872, to March 
30, 1874, when he removed to Zionsville, Pa., where 
he served the Reformed Church until March, 1901, 


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Digitized by VjOOQIC 


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when he resigned the pastorate on the account of de- 
clining health. ' 

Rev. Silas P. Mauger after completing his studies 
at Heidelberg College and Theological Seminary be- 
came pastor April 26, 1874, and served until April 
30, 1882, when he removed to Phoenixvilk, Penn., and 
for the past several years has served as pastor of the 
Reformed Congregation at Stone Church, Pa. 

Rev. Austin Henry, September 25, 1882, to April 6^ 
1885, when he died at the age of 39 years 5 months and 
19 days. His body was buried in Union Grove ceme- 
tery, but several years later, November, 1896, after the 
death of Mrs. Henry and their only child, Bert, his. 
body was removed to Tiffin, Ohio, where they lie side 
by side, awaiting the resurrection of the dead. 

The Winchester charge consisted of the David's, 
Job's, Zion's and Salem's congregations. A division 
of the charge had been spoken of at different times ; 
after the death of Rev. Henry active measures were 
instituted and a division into two charges effected. 
David*s congregation was constituted one of them and 
Rev. L. B. C. Lahr became pastor January i, 1886, 
serving until April i, 1890, when he removed to Hills- 
boro, Ohio, and later to Delaware, Ohio, where he is. 
pastor of the Reformed church. Rev. John L. Bretz's 
pastorate began June 20, 1891, and continued until 
September 21, 1895, when he removed to Millersberg,. 
Ind., and where he died November 30, 1897, aged 45 
years 5 months and 3 days. Rev. J. P. Stahl, the pres- 
ent pastor, began his pastorate on December i, 1896. 

The following is a partial list of persons who have 
served as elders and deacons : 

Elders: Peter Brown, Samuel Loucks. Daniel 
Bergstresser, Samuel Deitz, Elijah Alspach, Benjamin 

25 £ M T 

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Alspach, Reuben Bott, Jacob Bott, Geo. Loucks, Geo. 
F. Bareis, W. D. Beeks, Chas. Bush, W. T. Heilman, 
Clinton Alspach. , 

Deacons: Wm. P. Miller, Emanuel Bott, Daniel 
Bush, Geo. W. Sponsler, John H. Deitz, Amos Bush, 
Wm. Palsgrove, John M. Lehman, James A. Alspach, 
Henry N. Brenner, Chas. F. Dunlop, Jacob Deitz, O. P. 
Gayman, John H. Bamhart, Philip Weber, Wm. H. 

The following Sunday school constitution, adopted 
by the Lutheran and Reformed church, in Violet town- 
ship, on July 30, 1843, while not directly in Madison 
township, still reveals the methods and practices in 
vogue in this neighborhood in those days. 

ConsUtudon of the Sabbath School Uiiloii« 

Feeling the responsibility we owe toward God and 
the rising generation, we form ourselves into an union 
and adopt the following: Section L This union shall 
be called the Sabbath School Union of Job's church ; 
to be held in said church. Section IL This union shall 
consist of one superintendent, one assistant (if 
needed) and three directors. Section III. It shall be 
the duty of the superintendent to open the school by 
reading a chapter or part of a chapter of Scripture, 
singing and prayer, and give order to teachers and ask 
questions in general and explain, and devise plans by 
and with the consent of the directors or a majority of 
them, and to close by singing and prayer, or cause it 
to be done. Section IV. It shall be the duty of the 
secretary to keep records of all the proceedings and the 
number of scholars and teachers. Section V. The 
treasurer shall receive and keep all moneys received 
either by subscription or donation, and pay all orders 


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presented to him, signed by a majority of the direc- 
tors, as far as the funds jfdmit. Section VI. The libra- 
rian shall keep all books belonging to said school, take 
or cause to be taken to the school room every Sabbath 
when the school meets. Section VII. The directors' 
•duties shall be to manage and regulate ill the affairs of 
the school, appoint teachers, regulate the several class- 
es, select and purchase such books as they may think 
most suitable, and in case of death, resignation or other- 
wise of any of the officers, fill such vacancy. Section 
VIII. There shall be an annual election held on the 
first Sunday of April each year and elect such officers 
as specified in section II. Section IX. No person shall 
have a vote except he or she is a member of some 
Christian denomination, and sign his or her name to this 
constitution." The first officers were : Samuel Dress- 
ier, superintendent; Michael Ebright, assistant super- 
intendent ; Jacob Shumaker, secretary ; John N. SHfe, 
treasurer; H. Nicodemus, librarian, and John G. Brun- 
ner, Jacob Boyer and Michael Ebright, directors. 

The Reformed and Lutheran people started a Sun- 
day school soon after their church building was occu- 
pied in about 1840. The Sunday schools of those days 
were quite different from the modern school. German 
primers were used in some of the classes, which at- 
tracted a number of the citizens — who wanted to learn 
the German language — to attend the Sunday school for 
this purpose. Some of the leading members ques- 
tioned the propriety of conducting the school for this 
purpose, and as the glass was not yet in the A^indows 
and the weather got cold, the school was discontinued. 
The Reformed people then attended the union Sunday 
school at the United Brethren church until April 16, 
1865, when the Reformed and Lutheran again organ- 




ized a school with the following officers : Rev. James 
Heffly and Rev. George Mochel, pastors ; C. Gayman^ 
superintendent; Jacob Bott, assistant superintendent; 
W. F. Armpreister, secretary ; Geo. Loucks, librarian ; 
Henry Howard, assistant librarian ; Geo. Loucks^ 
treasurer. The treasurer collected $52.00 with which 
35 small Testaments, 24 Primers, 36 Hymn books and 
44 Question books were purchased. On April 30^ 
1865, the secretary's report says: "14 teachers pres- 
ent, total attendance 134. On January 23, 1864, a 
meeting was held to consider the purchase of a melo- 
dion. Miss Hanie was then teaching music in Win- 
chester, and through February and March Daniel and 
Christian Gayman took lessons of her, practicing on 
Bergstresser*s melodion. The melodion was put into 
the church on Saturday, March 19, 1864, and on the 
following Sunday Daniel Gayman played on it at a 
church service. On the following Sunday Miss Swan, 
also a music teacher, acted as melodionist. Of course 
there was opposition to its introduction, as there was 
to almost every other innovation. Previous to the pur- 
chase of the melodion Jacob Zarbaugh had for three 
years led the singing with a clarionet. Miss Barbara 
Zarbaugh (Bott) was the first regular organist (me- 
lodionist). After a few years the melodion was re- 
placed by an organ, and soon after the new church was 
occupied the present organ was purchased. The or- 
ganists since Miss Zarbaugh have been: Miss Katie 
Stevenson (Mrs. Rev. M. Loucks), Miss Ollie Hesser 
(Mrs. Scott), Miss Ella Vought (Mrs. John A. Whit- 
zel), Geo. M. Herbst, Misses Lila Starr, Fannie Leh- 
man, Emma Schoch, Ella Loucks and Ruth Stahl. 
Choristers : Wm. Palsgrove, John H. Speilman, Sam- 
uel Foucht, Frank Brown and Wm. D. Beeks. 


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January 13, 1872, a committee consisting of Rev. 
Geo. Mochel, Rev. James Heffly, Peter Brown, Wm. 
C Speilman and Geo. Loucks was appointed to draft a 
new constitution for the Sunday school, and at a joint 
meeting on February 3 following, the same was re- 
ported and adopted. 

Up to this time there had been but one Sunday 
school, one church choir, one organist, and the best of 
Christian fellowship prevailed. Many of the members 
of both congregations being Germans, they had inter- 
married until it was a common occurrence to find fami- 
lies in which the father and part of the children held 
membership in one church while the mother and others 
"belonged to the other. It is a curious fact that many 
persons who were at an early day Lutheran are now 
Reformed, and that Reformed are now Lutheran. 

During the pastorate of Rev. Geo. Mochel the pe- 
culiar doctrines of his denomination were emphasized, 
and then the advent of the Speilman Brothers, promi- 
nent and active members of the Lutheran church at 
Lancaster, culminated in the separation of the Sunday 
schools in December, 1873, when each denomination 
organized a Sunday school of its own. 

The organization of the Reformed Sunday school 
took place at the parsonage. Rev. Eli Keller, D. D., 
being then the pastor; he lived where Elijah Alspach 
now lives. 

The superintendents have been : Of the joint Sun- 
day school — Christian Gayman, Peter Brown and 
Moses Gayman. Since 1873 • Peter Brown, Geo. F. 
Bareis, January i, 1878, to January i, 1887; Frank 
Brown, January i, 1887, to September 2, 1888; Geo. 
B. Bolenbaugh, assistant superintendent two Sundays ; 


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O. P. Gayman, September 23, 1888, to January i, 1891 ; 
Geo. F. Bareis, January i, 1891, to date. 

The present enrollment of the Sunday School 
including the Cradle Roll and Home Department is 

A Missionary Society was organized May 11, 
1879, since which time regular meetings have been 
held. A Gkaner's Band, A Ladies Auxiliary Society'' 
and a Young People's Society of Christian En- 
deavor represent active auxiliary organizations of 
the congregation. The present church membership 
is two hundred and forty. Rev. John I. Swander, D. 
D., who was pastor of the Reformed church in Lan- 
caster in 1 860- 1 865 relates the story that a wolf drove 
a women and child out of the old Reformed church in 
Winchester in the sixties; the story runs that Lan- 
caster Classis was holding a meeting here, and while 
a Rev. J. G. Wolfe of Penn was preaching, a small 
child of Rev. Joel Alspach's began crying, which 
seemed to annoy him so much that he said : "I cannot 
preach with that child crying so, will the lady take it 
out ?", and as Mrs. Alspach was retiring she is said to 
have "glanced back to see if the Wolfe was coming." 

Evangelical Ltstbefan Chttfch. 

Previous to 1839 Rev. Pence preached in a school 
house on the Zimmer farm south of Winchester; 
later meetings were held in the house now occupied by 
Mrs. McFadden, on the comer of West and Wash- 
ington Streets. It is not now known definitely when 
or where the organization of David's congregation 
was effected further than that in 1839 in connection 
with the German Reformed Congregation the brick 
church was erected on Washington Street. 


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Among the early members were Philip Zimmer 
and wife, Eli, Henry, and George Zimmer, John 
Overholser and wife, J. B. Ernswiler, George Herbst 
and wife, Samuel Weller and wife, Daniel Miller, 
Emanuel Miller and wife, Peter Bott and wife, George 
Myers and wife, Jacob Schrock and wife, Henry 
Dellinger and wife, George Lehman and wife, Jacob 
Bott and wife, Henry Zangmeister, John Low and 
wife, Henry Eichelberger Jacob Crooks, John A. Arm- 
preister, Samuel Sunday, John F. Pfundt and wife, 
Mrs. Rebecca Bergstresser, Jacob Brenner and wife, 
John Myers and wife, Michael Miller and wife and 
others. Only two of the above list are still living, 
Mrs. Bergtresser and Mr. Jacob Bott, both of these 
are now members of the Reformed Church. For 
many years services were held but once a month 
later on each alternate Sunday. 

Some of the early members say: "One Constitu- 
tion answered for both churches; the Lutheran mem- 
bers would help elect the Reformed officers and the 
Reformed members would vote for the Lutherans." 
One Sunday School, one organist and one choir 
worked harmoniously together. This mutual feeling 
continued until during the pastorates of Rev. George 
Mochel and Rev. James Heffy when the distinctions 
became more marked and finally resulted in the or- 
ganization of separate Sunday Schools. Both congre- 
gations continued to occupy the church building on 
Washington street until the new Lutheran Church 
was complete. 

In March 1881 the Lutherans sold their interest 
in the old church building to the Reformed for $600 
and at once arranged to build. A lot on the corner 
of Waterloo and Trine Streets was donated by Chris- 


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tian Cjayman but while excavating for the foundation 
the vats of the old tanyard were discovered, when the 
question was raised whether a good foundation could 
be secured except at a large additional cost; finally 
it was decided to build on another site located on the 
northwest corner of Mound and Elm Streets where 
their liandsome edifice was erected. 

The church was built during the pastorate of 
Rev. H. J. Schuh, who preached his farewell sermon 
on the evening of the same day that it was dedicated. 
The dedicatory services took place on Sunday morn- 
ing November 19, 1882 ; the following ministers were 
present : Prof. Schuette, George Mochel, J. Beck and 
Henry J. Schuh. Rev. Cieorge Mochel preached in 
German and Rev. Prof. Schuette in English. The 
frescoeing was done in the fall of 1892. 

During January 1881 Rev. H. J. Schuh preached 
a series of sermons on the distinctive doctrines of the 
Lutheran Church. For several consecutive weeks be- 
ginning with the issue of the "Winchester Times" of 
January 26th a discussion was carried on between 
some one who wrote over the signature "Enquirer" 
and Rev. Schuh, in the issue of the **Times" of Feb- 
ruary 24th Rev. J. S. Mills, of Westerville, a minister 
in the United Brethren Church addressed an open 
letter to Rev. Schuh setting forth three propositions 
and closing as follows : **Do you hold yourself able and 
ready to defend these propositions by testimony of 
the Word of God ?" The controversy thus began con- 
tinued from week to week and finally culminated in a 
public debate. The following **terms of agreement" 
fully explains the particulars of the discusion, "Terms 
of Agreement for a Public Controversy to be held 
between Rev. J. S. Mills of W'esterville,Ohio and Rev. 


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H. J. Schuh of Canal Winchester, Ohio, May 3, 4 and 

5, 1881. 

L Subjects, (a.) That in the Lord's Supper the 
words This is my body' and *this is my blood' are to 
be understood and taken in their literal sense. 
(K) That the ordinary means of regeneration in the 
case of infants is Holy Baptism, (c.) That the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Church is the true visible church of 
Christ on earth, 

IL Principles of Discussion, (a.) The dispu- 
tants are limited to arguments that are allowed or 
recognized in the Holy Scriptures, (b.) The words of 
Holy Scripture are to be understood in their literal 
sense unless sufficient reasons are found in the Scrip- 
tures for assigning a figurative sens€. 

HL Time, (a.) The discussion is to take place 
May 3, 4, and 5. (b.) The morning meetings are to 
open at 9 o'clock and close at 11, the afternoon meet- 
ings open at 2 and close at 4, the evening meetings 
open at 7 and close at 9:30. (c.) The speeches are to 
be limited to one-half hour each, (d.) One day and 
evening to be spent on each proposition, (e.) The 
affirmative is to have the opening and closing speech 
on each proposition. 

IV. Place, The discussion is to be held in the 
United B'rethr»en Church at Canal Winchester. 

V. Moderator. Rev. James Heffy. (Signed) 
H. J. Shurch, J. S. Mills." Rev. Schuh was on the 
affirmative and Rev. Mills on the negative side. 

The seating capacity as well as the standing room 
of the church was taxied to its utmost during the 
sessions of this debate, and it ended as such discussions 
usually do; by the friends and sympathizers of each 
disputant claiming the victory. 


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The pastors have been Revs. Pence, John Wag'en- 
hals — who moved to Lithopolis from Lancaster Ohio 
in 1844 remaining there until 1848 when he again 
moved back to Lancaster; he was born August 16, 
1799 and died at Lancaster on September 12, 1884; 
Charles Wernle, J. P. Eirich, George Mochel, January 
I, 1862 to March 15, 1874, Henry J. Schuh, September 
2T, 1874 to September 3, 1882; Dr. George H. Shodde 
— one year while Rev. H. J. Schuh was away on a 
leave of absence. — Ix)uis H. Schuh, now President of 
Capital University, April i, 1883 to February 12, 1890; 
and the present pastor Theo. H. E. Eich, whose pas- 
torate began in 1890. 

In the Baptismal Record of Click's church we 
find the names of Rev. M. J. Steck as early as Aug- 
ust 24, 1824 to June 21, 1829; Rev. John Wagenhals 
September 26, 1829 and at intervals as late as March 
12, 1848; Rev. Pence baptized some children May 21, 
1843 J f^^v. C. Speilman May 24, 1837 to August 4, 
1839; Rev. Chas Wernle January 5, 1852 to February 
21, 1857; Rev. P. Eirich February 1855 to May, 1859. 

On April 7, 187 1 the congregations composing 
this charge voted to sell .their parsonage located just 
east of Lithopolis. Rev. George Mochel then built 
the present parsonage in the same season. 

Previous to December 1873 beginning in the 
spring of 1865 the Lutheran and Reformed churches 
maintained a union Sunday School. On Jan. 6, 1874 
a committee Rev. Mochel and Wm. Speilman repre- 
senting the Lutheran and Rev. Keller and Peter 
Brown the Reformed schools — was appointed to di- 
vide the property and also a debt of fourteen dollars. 
A separate Sunday School was then organized with 
John H. Speilman, Superintendent. Mr. Speilman's 


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successors have been: Christian Gayman, Charies- 
Bachman, about ten years, and John R Bachman the 
present incumbant for al)Out ten years. The present 
membership of the church is about 135 and of the 
Sunday School about 120. 

The Christian Uniofi Chtifdu 

The Christian Union church was originated and' 
established in Groveport in the fall of 1865 by Rev. 
James Fowler Given. It was when political excite- 
ment ran high and when the partisan spirit was in- 
tense that dissentions grew up, Rev. Given and others. 
Democrats, not being in accord with the stand taken 
by the Methodist Episcopal church at that time, con- 
cluded to form a new denomination ("The Democratic 
Methodist"), which they accordingly did, conducting 
their services and Sunday school at the school house 
in Groveport. Among the ministers besides Mr. Given 

were J. V. Clover and Klick. Jacob Burgett was. 

superintendent of the Sunday school, and A. M. Sen- 
ter, Ida Smith and others teachers. John P. Given, a. 
son of the founder, says : **The church flourished un- 
til the death of its founder in August, 1867, when some 
of the interest was lost, and after the death of W. H. 
Bishop and Jacob Burgett and wife the organizatioa 
went down.'* 

St Maiy t Catholic Chtirdu 

The St. Mary's Catholic church of Groveport was 
organized in 1871, when the brick building on the cor- 
ner of Blacklick and Front streets was purchased from 
the United Brethren people. 

Michael Corbett and family, Patrick and William 
Corbett, Thomas Fagan and John Cavinee have been 
the principal supporters. There has never been a reg^- 


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lar pastor located here, but services were held about 
once a month, and were conducted by ministers from 
Columbus. Among these supplies have been Rev. N. 
A. Gallager, L. P. McKeirman, F. J. Campbell, H. An- 
derson and T. J. Lane. 

The Mcnnonite Church. 

Beginning about 1843 meetings were held at the 
residences 01 George Hoffman (father of Mrs. David 
Martin), and Abraham Lehman, who were among the 
first members of this society. Under date of March 
'6, 1850, Mr. Hoffman deeded a lot to the congregation 
and a frame meeting house was soon after erected. 
This buHding was located about 200 yards east of the 
Hibernia road, on the north side of the Columbus and 
Winchester pike; services were held here regularly 
until the summer of 1898. On September 15, 1898, 
the land was sold at auction to Dr. L. W. Beery, and 
the building to Jones Alspach, who removed it to the 
west end of his residence. A new meeting house was 
erected on the farm of Benoni Steman, in Violet town- 
ship, Fairfield county, in 1890, and services are now 
held there. Rev. John Good was the first pastor and 
John Brenneman the first resident preacher. Jacob 
Bowman, David Martin and Noah Brenneman have 
been chosen from among the members as resident 
preachers ; the two latter serving at the present time. 
The following was the list of members in 1897 : David 
and Barbara Martin (a daughter of George Hoffman), 
Noah and Elizabeth Brenneman, Henry and Martha 
Steman, Benoni and Catherine Steman, Abraham and 
Mary Lehman, Mrs. Elizabeth Good (a sister of Abra- 
ham Lehman and a daughter of Abraham Lehman, 
5r.), Elizabeth Smith, Elizabeth Strohm, Mrs. Han- 


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nah Beery, Lydia Steman, Martin Steman and Rachel 


Union Chtffch in Middletown« 

In the "thirties" a union church was built in Mid- 
dletown. At first it was the intention to build it near 
the graveyard, and the framing timber was hauled 
there, when a peddler, who was stopping in town, pro- 
posed to give a cash contribution of ($3.00) three dol- 
lars if they would build it in town. Three dollars in 
cash was then considered an item ; then the fact of a 
more convenient location caused a change of plans, and 
the building was accordingly erected on the north side 
of the road, about opposite the residence of Esq. Mil- 
ton Cummins. Various preachers held services here,^ 
as they could be secured from time to time. Later it 
was used as a school house. The building has long 
since been removed. 


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Friendship is the only thing in the world concerning 
ihe usefulness of which all mankind are agreed, — Cicero. 

Lee Lodge, L O. O- F., No. 386. 

This organization, named after Grand Master Lee, 
was chartered May 14, 1867, and instituted the follow- 
ing June by Daniel Fithian, special deputy. The first 
•officers and charter members were: Chas. P. Rees, 
N. G. ; John W. Griffith, V. G.; Dr. J. B. Potter, Sec- 
retary; James B. Evans, Treasurer; Jesse Brandt, 
Robt. H. Mason and James H. Cannon. J. B. Evans 
IS the only one of the charter members still living, being 
•91 years old. Meetings were held in the Bergstresser 
Hall until in 1868, when the lodge built the hall over 
the C. P. Rees store room. They fitted up and fur- 
nished this room and occupied it until September 15, 
1883, when it was destroyed by fire. All their furni- 
ture, regalia, books and records were consumed. 

Meetings were then held in the Grange Hall until 
Mr. Rees rebuilt, when his hall was rented, fitted up 
and occupied until December 28, 1888, when their pres- 
ent elegant hall was dedicated. After the store room 
on the northeast corner of High and Waterloo streets 
was consumed by fire they purchased the lot and 
•erected the substantial business block, in the second 
siovy of which their hall is located. 


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The consecutive presiding officers from the lodge's 
organization have been : Charles P. Kees, J. B. Pot- 
ter, J. W. Griffith, A. I. Crumley, Philip Game, James 
Heffley, J. W. Hische, Charles W. Speaks, Peter Zar- 
baugh, Benjamin F. Hische, Charles L. Brown, New- 
ton J. Wolfe, Henry H. Dibble, J. P. Arnold, John 
Gehm, James R. Algire, Wm. M. Game, Noah H. 
Hummel, Lewis W. Ringer, Herk. C. Courtright, John 
Chaney, Jr., James Palsgrove, Thomas Allely, Brice 
Taylor, Wm. Schrock, P. C. Tussing, S. C. Swonger, 
John F. Bauer, J. E. Smith, Peter Brown, Samuel Run- 
kle, Charles Epply, Irvin M. Hart, A. C. Kelley, Thos. 
Peer, Geo. W. Lisle, Wm. Hesser, J. A. Mathias, J. W. 
Dewees, John W. Hische, John A. Whitzel, Aaron 
Smith, Wm. H. Herbst, Geo. Williams, Adam Weber, 
John M. Lehman, Edw. D. Peer, H. S. Cannon, Chas. 
S. Smith, S. E. Heller, Edw. Colman, Wm. Williams, 
Frank Brenner, Edw. O. Herbst and John Pierson. 
Several of them have served two or more terms. 

Ffanklin Encampment^ No* 143* 

Franklin Encampment No. 142, L O. O. F., was 
chartered May 3, 1871, and instituted June 14 follow- 
ing. The first officers and charter members were :, J. 
B. Evans, H. P. ; Dr. J. B. Potter. C. P. ; C. P. Rees, 
S. W.; J. W. Griffith, J. W. ; J. W. Hische, Peter E. 
Ehrenhart and R. H. Mason. 

After some years the interest lagged, and in March, 
1888, Franklin Encampment was transferred to Co- 
lumbus. Among the early officers were: J. P. Ar- 
nold, James Palsgrove, Thomas Allely, J. W. Hische, 
Samuel Runkle, John F. Bauers and others. 


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Daughters of Rebecca, No. U7. 

Bethel Lodge, D. of R., I. O. O. F., No. 117, was 
chartered May 15, 1879, ^tnd instituted August 15 fol- 
lowing by S. K. Bradshaw, Dept. G. M., and C. L. 
Young, Deputy G. M. The first officers and charter 
members were: J. B. Evans, N. G. ; Mrs. Emily A. 
Game, V. G. ; Mrs. A. V. A. Heffly, F. S. ; Miss Mame 
Hische, R. S. ; Mrs. Catharine Ehrenhart, Treasurer, 
and Rev. James Heffly, Peter E. Ehrenhart, J. W. 
Griffith, Mrs. Rachel M. Griffith, J. W. Hische and 
N. J. Wolfe. The last officers elected January, 1895, 
were: Blanch Dibble, N. G. ; R. M. Griffith, V. G. ; 
Clara Dibble, Treasurer; Bettie Beeks, Financial Sec- 
retary ; Mame Hische, Recording Secretary. 

Gordian Lodge, I. O. O. F*^ No. 205. 

Gordian Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows was first instituted February 11, 1853, ^"^ was 
chartered May 16, 1853. The first officers and char- 
ter members were George McCormick, N. G. ; Jacob 
Lowe, V. G. ; Edmund Gares, P. S. ; Geo. P. Champe, 
Treas. ; G. L. Smith, R. S. Meetings ^were held in 
the upper west room of the old brick school house. 
Many of the former members having moved away, the 
charter was surrendered in 1864. In 1872 Rev. S. M. 
Bright and others revived the interest and a lodge was 
reorganized, and on October 12, 1872, the charter was 
restored, with C. F. Needels, G. L. Smith, G. P. 
Champe, E. Groom, S. M. Bright, Jacob Shirey, J. P. 
Arnold and S. A. Peters as charter members. The 
same name and number — Gordian No. 205 — was g^ven 
it. Previous to the occupation of their present hall 
on the third floor of the Town Hall building, in 1876, 


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T 5 
> ^, 

■< v. 

• ft 



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the meetings were held in the old warehouse that stood 
where Vogle's grocery now stands. 

The Noble Grands since 1872 have been S. M. 
Bright, S. A. Peters, J. P. Arnold, Hunter Rarey, W. 
L. Powell, Wm. Corbett, Morris Kile, I. R. Earhart, 
L. T. Sims, N. S. McCormick, C. Black, Jr., W. H. 
Rager, R. A. Kile, J. F. Kile, J. J. Rohr, Wm. R. CoflF^ 
man, Albert Young, Wm. Mason, S. Carruthers, Wm. 
Chandler, W. C. Gill, O. D. Harris, O. R. Mansfield, 
three terms; G. W. Bigelow, C. F. Needels, George 
Black, J. P. Rager, Chas. A. Williams, A. M. Senter,, 
Ervin Sallee, Geo. W. Preston, Marion F. Sandy,. 
McC. Seymour, W. H. Zinn, J. A. Kitzmiller, C. F. 
Baird, John Decker, John C. Coon (two terms), Wel- 
ton Seymour, Edw. Seymour, Levi Sims, Myron Sal- 
lee, H. H. Shipton, W. E. Thompson, Wm. ClafFee 
(two terms), and Samuel Stukey (three terms). The 
following is a list of the deceased members, with the 
date of their death: George Rowland, May 8, 1875; 
S. Allen Peters, April 3, 1878; Hunter Rarey, Sep- 
tember I, 1879; John W. Wallace, December 1, 1879; 
J. P. Arnold, April 21, 1880; Z. B. Bean, August 18, 
1884; Thomas V. Decker, January 14, 1885: Miner 
Seymour, December 28, 1887; S. M. Bright, June 13, 
1889; Joseph A. Kitzmiller, March 19, 1892; W. H. 
Zinn, April 15, 1892; H. H. Shipton, August 16, 1896; 
E. Grooms, February 17, 1897; G. P. Champe, Janu- 
ary 24, 1898. The present membership is 57, 

F. & A. M*,No. 240, 

Groveport Lodge No. 240 was instituted May 11, 
1853. The charter members were C. J. Stevenson, 
Dr. Abel Clark, Chas. Pontius, Jeremiah White, David 

26 H M T 

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Sarber, Jonathan Watson, D. C. Shockley and Salem 
A. Darnell. 

The first officers were appointed by Grand Master 
F. V. Bierce of Akron, Ohio, and were C. J. Steven- 
son, W. M., Abel Clark, S. W., and Chas. Pontius, 
J. W. The first meeting^s were held in the brick 
school house (Ragers Feed Mill) and later in an 
upper room in the building that stood opposite the 
town hall, then over Casper Limpert*s drug store. 

In 1875 when the township and village were 
building the town hall, it was thought that two lodge 
rooms could be built on the third floor at a moderate 
cost and accordingly on July 24th at an adjourned 
meeting a building committee was elected, consisting 
of Wm. Chandler, S. A. Peters, M. K. Earhart and 
J. P. Arnold. It was ascertained that a room could 
be built at a cost of $1,050. The committee was then 
authorized to contract for the same with the township 
trustees and the village counsel, and also instructed 
to have the lodge incorporated, which was all accord- 
ingly done. 

In 1876 the hall in the third story, on the west side 
of the building, was completed and occupied. 

The following have been the presiding officers: 
C. J. Stevenson, 1853-1854; Abel Clark, 1855-1859, 
1862; Chas. Pontius, 1856; M. K. Earhart, 1857, 1858, 
1863-1868, 1885, nine years; J. B. Young, 1869, 1870; 
Philip C. Tussing, 1871-1880, ten years; Thos. A. 
Metcalf, 1881 ; A. L. Brooks, 1882, 1883; F. S. Rarey, 
1884; Wm. Sims, 1886; Chas. P. Long, 1887; C. E. 
Metcalf, 1888, 1889; Samuel Stuckey, 1890, 1891, 
1894; C. R. Clement, 1892, 1893, 1895-1898; J. O. 
Rarey, 1899, 1900. 


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The following members have died: Wm. Young, 
Wm. Blakely, David Baugher, Jonathan Watson, H. 
C. Cater, J. P. Bywaters, Lapole Rarey, April 4th, 
i860; J. F. Groom, May 3rd, 1863; M. Rohr, October 
28, 1861; J. B. Young, February 6th, 1875; S. A. 
Peters, April 3rd, 1878; J. P. Arnold, April, 1880; 
Henry Long, May 2d, 1881 ; M. A. Gray, October 19, 
1885 ; Chas. Pontius, May loth, 1887 ; P. C. Tussing, 
January 21, 1886; W. H. Bishop, February 27, 1888; 
B. C. Sims, January 17, 1891 ; W. H. Zinn, April i6th, 
1892 ; Martin Codner, May 22, 1895 ; W. R. Limpert, 
Dec. 18, 1895; A. C. Finks, 1896; H. H. Shipton, 
August 16, 1896. 

The following members have withdrawn: Wm. 
Ewing, D. C. Sarber, C. W. Ferington, J. H. Feam, 
Rev. H. Gartner, W. S. Durant, A. Zebolt, F. M. 
Groom, E. E. Decker, John Rodenfels, Chas. Sco- 
field, Rev. A. C. Kelley, S. E. Adams, J. C. Byrne, 
O. J. Connel, H. K. Brotherton, Robt. Brotherton, A. 
Clark, H. J. Cox, J. H. Chain, C. J. Stevenson, Salem 
A. Darnell, H. C. Darnell, M. Davidson, A. R. Feam, 
Samuel O. Hendren, A. C. King, Samuel Leigh, J. F. 
Lincoln, Geo. McCormick, E. D. Northrop, C. Zebolt, 
A. W. Paul, J. P. Patterson, A. E. Bennett, L. T. 
Fisher, Rev. J. P. Given, J. Tussing, Peter Teegardin, 
Samuel Percy, S. M. Sharp, J. F. Bauer, J. H. Saylor, 
N. H. Gamer, C. E. Seymour, J. S. Seymour, S. L. 
Swisher, S. M. Spurgeon, G. J. Stevenson, C. B. Sul- 
livan and J. White. • 

In 1863 a public installation was held in the Meth- 
odist Church, Virgil E. Show delivering an address, 
and in 1872 another public installation was held in 
the Presbyterian Church, Chaplain Byers of Columbus 
delivering the addresses. 


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In 1874 an address was delivered in the Methodist 
Church by L. C. Bailey. In 1878 a quartette irom 
Columbus furnished music and short speeches were 
made by Brothers Rickley, Coit, Williams, King, and 
others of Columbus. 

Potter Lodgtf F. & A. M., No. 540. 

Previous to 1885, at different times attempts had 
been made to secure a dispensation from the Grand 
Master, for the establishment of a Masonic lodge at 
Winchester; but the consent of the surrounding 
lodges that already held jurisdiction over the territory- 
could not be obtained and failure was the result. 

During the winter of 1884-1885 their consent was 
secured and in February, 1885, Grand Master Good- 
speed issued his dispensation for the new lodge. The 
hall in the Lehman block was elegantly fitted and fur- 
nished and the first regular meeting was held on Fri- 
day evening, April 10, 1885, when the following offi- 
cers were elected: Joseph B. Potter, W. M. ; J. B. 
Evans, S. W. ; B. F. Gayman, J. W. ; James Heffly^ 
secretary; J. M. Bennett, treasurer; A. C. Kelley, S. 
D. ; Thomas Allely, J. D. ; D. H. Cowen Tyler. 

The lodge was at first named "Potter Lodge" in 
honor of its master. Dr. J. B. Potter, but notice was 
received from the Grand Master that this could not be 
done during the life-time of the doctor, and then the 
name was changed to "Madison Lodge." 

Dr. Potter and B. F.# Gayman were elected del- 
egates to attend the meeting of the Grand Lodge at 
Cincinnati, October 20, 1885, to present the claims of 
the new lodge for a charter. 

Their mission was successful, and on Wednesday 
evening, November 4, 1885, Madison Lodge, No. 540, 


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F. & A. M., was instituted with imposing ceremonies 
by Past Grand Master Goodspeed of Athens, assisted 
by a large number of visiting brethren. After the 
death of Dr. J. B. Potter, March 27, 1887, the name 
was again changed back to "Potter Lodge." January 
I, 1901, the room over Kramer and Bolenbaugh*s store 
was fitted up, where the meetings are now held. Pot- 
ter Lodge is in a prosperous condition. 

Walntst Chapter^ Royal Arch Masons^ U. D* 

In the summer and fall of 1900 Dr. L. W. Beery, 
R. J. Tussing, Dr. Geo. S. Courtright, John O. Rarey, 
A. P. Teegardin and a few others began the prelimi- 
nary movements towards the establishment of a chap- 
ter of Royal Arch Masons at Winchester, and under 
date of October 29, 1901, Grand High Priest Levi C. 
Goodale issued a dispensation under which this chapter 
would work during its first year. The dispensation au- 
thorized the following officers : John O. Rarey, high 
priest; L. W. Beery, king, and Geo. S. Courtright, 
scribe. These three then appointed the following other 
officers: Daniel Detwiler, treasurer; R. J. Tussing, 
secretary ; John W. Teegardin, captain of the host ; A. 
P. Teegardin, P. S. ; Levi Dumm, R. A. Capt. ; Calvin 
U. Rose, G. M. 3rd Veil ; P. M. Teegardin, G. M. 2d 
V. ; Wm. Becker, G. M. ist V. ; D. H. Cowen, S. The 
charter members besides those mentioned above are: 
M. K. Earhart, J. J. Kershner, Jacob Braun, Levi Tee- 
gardin, G. P. Teegardin, F. J. Peters and P. H. Fisher. 
The following have since become members: C. P. 
Bauman, Thos. H. Courtright, U. S. Brandt, F. D. Dil- 
dine, C. R. Clement, H. L. Rarey, F. P. Creed, Albert 
Francisco, Paul Alspach, O. P. Gayman, Walter Hew- 
etson and John W. Lehman. 


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The meetings are held in the Masonic Hall in the 
Kramer building. 

Knichti of Pythiai, No. 125. 

Winchester Lodge No. 125 was instituted Decem- 
ber 9, 1880, and worked under a dispensation until 
May 25, 1881, when it was chartered. It was institu- 
ted by Deputy Grand Chancellor Joseph Dowdall, as- 
sisted by J. W. Lingo (chief of police), J. W. Myers 
and David P. Boyer of Columbus, and A. Gray, Chas. 
Miller, J. Crommie and Chas. Scovill of Mt. Pleasant 
Lodge No. 48, of Lancaster. A Targe delegation of 
Uniformed Knights, headed by the Lancaster Drum 
Corps, came up from Lancaster and paraded the streets 
early in the evening. The first officers and the char- 
ter members were : Chas. C. Reibe, Past Chan. ; John 
C. Speaks, Chan. Com.; E. E. Geisy, Prelate; C. D. 
Whitehurst, V. Chan. ; E. C. Chaney, M. of E. ; B. 
F. Gayman, K. of R. S. ; Geo. A. Whitehurst, M. of 
F. ; Geo. W. Miller, M. of A. ; Chas. Kuqua, O. G. ; 
A. J. Decker, L G. ; O. L. Bott, Clark Lechliter, John 
M. Schoch, Jr., F. H. Arnold, R. C. Caslow, W. E. 
Chaney, J. W. Ebright, Wm. M. Game, D. D. Gayman, 
Wm. H. Tallman and John A. Whitzel. For some 
years the meetings were held in the Grange Hall, then 
in the Odd Fellows Hall until January 2, 1900, when 
they first occupied the hall in the Lehman block, which 
they purchased in the fall of 1899. The successive 
chancellor commanders have been: John C. Speaks, 
Gary D. Whitehurst, B. F. Gayman, Geo. W. Miller, 
J. M. Schoch, Jr., N. O. Selby, Geo. A. Whitehurst, 
Wm. L. Walters, Church B. Tuttle, Jacob W. Baugher,, 
Geo. E. Becker, Wm. M. Game, Dr. J. W. Shook, W. 
Scott Alspach, Chas. W. Miller, O. L. Dibble, Ed. C. 


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Chaney, Clem. V. Moore, Bent. D. Gehm, Ed. W. Cray- 
ton, Wm. H. Herbst, Mart. L. Kemp, W. A. Delong, 
Wm. H. Lane, Alf. Cannon, Frank Hische, John M. 
Lehman, W. Scott Alspach, Zach. E. England, Herb. 
S. Cannon, Jesse Cannon, John C. Kramer, Geo. E. 
Smith, Wylie Brown, Clem. V. Moore, Arth. A. Cha- 
ney, John Hische, Wm. M. Codner, W. E. Sims, Edw. 
S. Stoz and Wm. Burnett. 

The necrology is as follows, with date of death 

where known: Clark Lechliter, ; Jeff. L. Bye, 

June i8, 1889; Isaac B. Wright, December 25, 1892; 
Thos. A. Arnold, December 8, 1893 ; Frank Hische (in 
California), July 2, 1895; W. S. Alspach, December 9, 
1897; Cary D. Whitehurst, February 8, 1898; Adrian 
S. Foor, July 2, 1898; W. H. Kirk (died at Mt. Ver- 
non, Ohio, date not known. 

Untform Rank K. of P., No. 78. 

At a meeting held on January 31, 1888, the fal- 
lowing names were suggested : Winchester, Hermion 
and Richie ; the latter was chosen and cm the following 
February 28th a charter was granted, and on May 
II, 1888, Richie Division, U. R. K. P. No. 78 was in- 
stituted by General Henry Hieinmiller of Columbus. 
The first officers and charter members were: John C. 
Speaks, Sir Knight Com. ; Chas. W. Miller, Sir Knight 
Herald, Cary D. Whitehurst, Sir Knight Recorder, 
Sol S. Lehman, Sir Knight Treasurer ; several ballots 
were taken for the office of Sir Knight Lieutenant but 
no one was elected until the next meeting when Joe 
S. Ashe was chosen : Mr. Ashe resigned at the follow- 
ing meeting and Edw. C. Chaney was elected. Joe 
S. Ashe, W. Scott Alspach, Jerry Alspach, Wm. C. 
Bailey, Louis W. Boyer, Arthur A. Chaney N. S. Coon, 


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W. A. Delong, Chas. C. Dibble, Wm. M. Game, B. F. 
Gayman, Bent D. Gehm, Wni. H. Herbst, John W. 
Hische, Wm. H. Lane, John M. Lehman, Geo. W. Mil- 
ler, Clem V. Moore, Geo. W. Sponsler, Church B. 
Tuttle. Geo. A. Whithurst and John A. Whitzel. 
Those referred to as the **big four" were Joe Ashe, 
Scott Alspach, Clem Moore and John Whitzel; these 
had very close rivals in Bent Gehm, Sol Lehman, Bill 
Lane and George Sponsler. 

Meetings were held in L O. O. F. Hall and the 
old foundry was used for practice drills. The Divi- 
sion was disbanded, the last meeting being held on 
February 25, 1893. 

FraUroal Mystk Circle. 

Madison Ruling No. 92 was instituted May 28, 
1888 in the Grange Hall by D. E. Stevens Sup. M. 
R. and John L. Wilson S. V. R. of Columbus and R. 
J: Stoughton, Dept. of Westerville, O. M. L. Kemp 
was the first member initiated to show the others the 
workings of the order. The following were the char- 
ter members and first officers. The last four named 
were initiated one week later but were included in the 
charter which is dated May 21, 1888: B. D. Gehm, 
Past R. : C. D. Whitehurst, R. ; W. L. Walters, U. R. ; 
C W. Bostwick, Chap.; H. H. Dibble, Recorder; W. 

D. Beeks, Treasurer; L. W. Berry, Examiner; O. L. 
Dibble, Warden; Jno. W. Hische, Marshall; William 

E. Pearsol, Sentry ; Thomas Bailey, Out. Gd. ; 
W. L. Arendt, E. V. Bush, A. A. Chaney, M. 
L. Kemp, Isaac B. Wright, O. P. Gayman, Sam 
S. Lehman, Clint A. Stevenson and Cyrus W. 
Stevenson. Later meetings were held in the L O. 
C). F. Hall. This Ruling was disbanded in 1894 all 


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the members dropping out except Wm. L. Walters, 
whose membership was transferred to another Ruling. 

Protected Home Circle* 

The Protected Hbme Circle No. 58 of Winchester 
was chartered May 6, 1895, with the following officers 
and charter members : J. K. Miller, President ; H. H. 
Dibble, Secretary; O. L. Dibble, Accountant; Wm. 
L. Arendt, Guardian; Dr. L. W. Berry, Surgeon; 
Chas. C. Dibble, Conductor; Stephen Boyd, Mrs. J. 
K. Miller, Simon Shaffer, B. N. Lewis Dr. J. T. Mer- 
win, R, M. Fry, and Z. E. England. The insurance 
benefit is $1000.00 The officers and membership re- 
mains the same as when organized. 


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"IVe piled with care our nightly stock 
Of wood against the chimney back — 
The oaken^log, green, huge, and thick — 
And on its top the stout back stick; 
The knotty fore stick laid apart, 
And filled between with curious art. 
The ragged brush; then hovering near. 
We watched the first red blase appear. 
Heard the sharp crackle, caught the gleam 
On whitewashed wall and sagging beam, 
Until the old rude-furnished room 
Burst flower-like into rosy bloom." 

The pioneer's first cabin was built of round logs 
with the bark on. The chimney stood on the outside 
at one end, and was made of sticks and clay with clap- 
board roof. Many of them had only the earth for a 
floor: the rafters or beams as they were called ran 
lengthwise of the building and were spaced according 
to the length of the clapboards. Some of them had 
a loft or upper floor. No windows were needed, as 
the cracks in the roof and between the logs and the big 
wide chimney admitted plenty of light by day. Often 
only a blanket or skin furnished the door. All was 
put together without nail or iron. The following de- 
scription of the building of the round log cabin is 
taken from Hill's History of Licking County and has 
been corroborated to the writer by several of the older 


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Stood on McGuffey's land along the Groveport road. Photo taken 1808. 


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citizens of this township, who themselves assisted in 
the erection of them. 

"These round log cabins were often erected ready 
for occupancy in a single day. The pioneer went S 
to TO miles to a cabin-raising, arriving early in the 
morning where not a tree had been felled or a stone 
turned. Each one had some particular part to see to; 
three or four would lay the corner stones and the 
first logs, two men with axes cut the trees and logs,^ 
one with his team of oxen, a **Lizard*' and a log chain 
would "snake" them in; two more with axes and 
cross-cut saw and frow would make the clapboards, 
two more with axes, cross-cut saw and broad-ax would 
hew out the puncheons for the floor and flatten the 
upper side of the sleepers. Four skilled axmen would 
carry up the corners and the remainder, with skids 
and handspikes would roll up the logs — as soon as 
the joists were laid on, two men with cross-cut saw 
went to work cutting out the door and chimney place 
and while the corner men were building up the attic 
and putting on the roof, the carpenters and masons 
of the day were putting down the puncheons, laying 
the hearth and building the chimney. In one 
comer at a distance of 6 feet from one wall and 4 
feet from the other the bed post is placed, only one 
being needed. A hole was bored in the puncheon floor 
to set this post, which was usually a stick with a crotch 
or fork in the upper end; rails were laid from this 
fork to the walls and usually nice straight hickory 
poles form the bottom, upon which straw or leaves 
were placed and a blanket put on ; this makes a com- 
fortable spring-bed, and was easily changed and kept 
clean. The heavy door was hung on wooden hinges^ 


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and all that was necessary was to pull the latch string 
inside and the strong wooden latch held it fast." 

The furniture was as simple as the buildings. 
A cabin contained little beyond the puncheon table 
with its four sapling legs, its puncheon benches and 
blocks of wood for stools, stoves they had none. A 
small kettle or two answered the various purposes of 
bucket, boiler, and oven, and when there was com- 
pany they would take the door off its hinges and thus 
make an addition to the table. A shelf on two wooden 
pins held the dishes and pewter-ware ; two wooden 
hooks over the door held the rifk when not in use ; 
few had clocks and they were of the '*wall sweep" 
kind. The wearing apparel of the whole family was 
hung in full view on one 3ide of the house on wooden 
pins. In the loft on every beam hung seeds and roots 
and herbs — the medicines of those days — on the 
joists hung dried pumpkins, peaches, apples, beans, etc. 
The Hominy block sat in one comer; the broom was 
of split hickory and the **duster" was a wild turkey 

These round log cabins stood many years after 
better houses were erected ; they served for stables, 
sheep-pens, blacksmith-shops, loom-shops, school 
Tiouse, and meeting house. Every one of these first 
cabins are long since gone and the exact places where 
they stood forgotten. 

Later an improved log house was built. It was 
made of hewn logs, with sawed lumber for doors, win- 
dows and floors; glass also took the place of greased 
paper windows sometimes used in the first cabins, 
liom^-made nails were sparingly used, when nails were 
first used a pound cost a bushel of wheat or two 
i)ushels of corn — equivalent to a day's work — the 


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local blacksmith made them put of odds and ends, of 
old worn out sickles, broken links of chains, pieces of 
horse shoes, etc. 

No house had more than two rooms. One was- 
called the kitchen and the other *'the room", if com- 
pany came they were invited to come in "the room", 
a little later every family had its "squirrel tail" bake 
oven. Corn-bread, vegetables, milk, butter, and wild 
meats constituted the principal subsistence and these 
were often scarce. 

In the summer and fall the mills would stop, 
for the lack of water and bread-stuffs would get scarce 
and neighbors would borrow of each other as long^ 
as there was any thing in the community. Venison 
and wild turkeys were quite plenty. Squirrels were 
so numerous that parties were formed to kill them 
to prevent them from destroying grain when planted 
and after it ripened, wild pigeons were so plenty that 
they literally darkened the heavens in their flight. 
Coffee and tea were dear and hard to get; as sub- 
stitutes the early settlers used sassafras, spice-wood 
and burned rye and wheat for their coffee, using a 
few grains of coffee to give it flavor. Pounded and 
lye hominy were common. A half dozen or more 
kinds of corn-bread were made; then there was the 
ash-cake, the hoe-cake and the Johnnie-cake. Salt 
had to be secured at Zanesville and cost ten cents per 
pound. Sugar and Syrup were made in abundance. 
Bee trees were plenty. They salted down turkey in 
troughs as they had no tubs or barrels. 

Their wearing apparel was all home made, — 
linen and tow in summer and Hnsey and flannel in 
winter. The flax, tow and wool were all spun on hand 
wheels. The weaving was done on hand looms ; many 


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of the pioneer girls spun, wove and made their own 
wedding dresses. The coloring was done with the 
bark from trees, such as walnut, oak, maple and hick- 
ory, as well as with walnut hulls; copperas put into 
the ooze of these made a variety of shades ranging 
from yellow to red, black or brown. Buckskin pants 
and sometimes vests with the hair on, were ccwnmon as 
men's wear. Mr. Almanzer Hathaway for many years 
a citizen of Winchester relates that his buckskin pants 
^ot wet running through the snow and water, and 
when dry became dry and brittle and broke off at the 
knees leaving the lower part of his limbs naked for 
some time before he got another pair. These buck- 
skin pants were made to fit close to the skin, and as 
at that early day no underclothes were worn it was 
very much like putting one's limbs into bags of snow 
on very cold winter mornings. One pair of shoes a 
year was all any got, so often persons would tie old 
rags about their feet to save their shoes, and to make 
them last would carry them until near the meeting 
house when they would put them on, and after meet- 
ing take them off again. Bedding consisted of straw 
and leaves, a blanket or two and plenty of skins. 
Bear skins were worth 75 cents and deer skins 50 
cents. Sometimes the fire went out during the night 
when some one would have to go to a neighbors for 
some "live coals*' before breakfast could be started. 

We found the following among other entries in 
an old account book kept by "Squire" John Tallman, 
father of the late Nathaniel Tallman, the dates and 
prices are suggestive of the pioneer's domestic life. 

1818: Edward Hathaway credit by hewing one 
mantle piece and one pair door hinges $1.00 and by 
hewing out i^ pair hames 75 cts. 


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1818: James T. Pearcy debtor to 2| yds woolen 
cloth each $1.75, $4.81 : to i jacket pattern and trim- 
ings $2.62^, I J yds. linen at 50 cts., 87^ cts. 

1818: Thompson Cross credit by one day's 
hauling with 2 horses, $1.50; by one day hauling with 
4 horses, $3.00. 

1818: Andrew Kramer debtor to 2 China pigs 
at $2.00, $4.00 ; credit by husking corn one day 5octs. ; 
by three days husking by boys at 33 1-3 cts, $1.00; 
debtor to i cow, $12.00. 

1820: Cristina Kramer credit by 6 pounds wool at 
fifty cents per pound. 

1820: Edith Harrison credit by cleaning 16 
pounds of flax at 6 cts. per pound. To 424 lbs. pork 
at 3 cts. per lb.; 1 dayV rolling at i^ bushel wheat; 
cradling 5 acres rye at ^ bushel wheat per acre. 

1820: Peter Miller, breaking 270 lbs. flax at i ct. 
per lb. ; scutching 96 lbs. flax at 3 cts. per lb. 

1820: Isaac Lanning, 4 lbs. hog fat at 8 cts. per 
lb. ; 2 lbs. wool at 50 cts. per lb. ; 6 lbs. flax at 16 2-3 
cts. pec lb. ; J lb. tea at $1.75 per lb. ; i lb. coflFee at 37^ 
cts. per lb. ; i bushels salt at $1.00 per bushel. 

1820: James T. Pearcy, 327 ft. cherry boards at 
$2.00 per hundred ft; i| bushels barley at 62^ cts. 
per bushel ; 4 bushels rye at 40 cts. per bushel ; 2 Gimb- 
lets at 12 cts. each ; 48 lights 8 by 10 glass at 10 cts. 

1820: Peter Miller, i lb. Tow, I2|cts. ; i lb. flax 
25 cts; I bushel potatoes, 33 1-3 cts.; 4 yds. tow linen 
at 42 cts. per yard ; 2^ yds. flax linen at 62^ cts. per 
yd. ; 7 yds. of cotton cloth at 50 cts. per yd. ; i pair 
shoes, $2.25 ; 2 cuts of stocking yarn at 20cts. per 
cut : I yd. flannel 62 cts. ; i dozen buttons 25 cts. ; i 
bushel salt, $2.00; i pair linsey pantaloons, $1.75; 


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weaving, 2^ yds. at 12^ cts. per yd, ; 10 cuts flax thread 
2tt 3 1-3 cts. per cut ; half-soling pair of shoes, 75 cts. 

1821 : Edward Hathaway, 7 sheep at $2.50 each ; 
2 bushel oats at 25 cts. per bushel ; 19^ lbs. bacon at 
10 cts. per lb. ; 37 lbs. pickled pork at 8 cts. per lb. 

1822: Anna Scothorn, 40 lbs. flour at ij cts. per 
lb. ; 1 lb. coffee at 40 cts. ; i set cups and saucers 62^ 
cts. ; ^ dozen tins 50 cts. : 3 bushels wheat at 50 cts. 
per bushel. 

1823 : John Cooper, cradling 9 acres of oats at 
I bushel wheat per acre: weaving 32 yds. flannel at 
I2| cts. per yd. 

1823: Andrew Kramer, hauling 11 bbls. flour 
to Columbus at 50 cts. per bbl. 

1823 : James T. Pearcy, 75 lbs. of salt at 2 J bu- 
shels wheat for i bushel salt, $1.75. 

1823 : Edward Hathaway, i side of leather 

1823 : Joseph Shannon, hauling one load of lime 
from Columbus, $4.00; 45 lbs. nails at I2^cts. per lb, 

1823 : Elias Huff, making 216 rails at 25 cts. per 
hundred ; making 314 stakes at 16 cts. per hundred. 

1827: Zebulon Lee, i shovel, $1.50; James 
Cooper, cradling wheat at 75 cts. per day. 

1827: Abraham Harrison, 2 quart whisky, 5 
cts. ; I pint whisky, i| cts. ; i pint whisky, i ct. ; i qt. 
whisky, 4 cts.; ij bushel buckwheat at 31^ cts. per 
bushel; 2 days mowing at 50 cts. per day; 6J days 
mowing by boys at 25 cts. per day. 

1830: John Coleman, i cow and calf, $9.00; 
Almanzer Hathaway, 17 lbs. veal at 3^ cts. per lb.; 3 
bushels wheat at 37^ cts. per bushel ; Wm. A. Green, 
I hide, weight 45 lbs. at 5 cts. per lb. and i calf skin 
weight, 7 lbs. at 10 cts. per lb. 


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1830: Wm. Woodcock, 32 lbs. beef at 2^ cts. 
per lb. ; 49 Ibe flour at i^ cts. per lb. ; breaking 87 lbs. 
flax at I ct. per lb. ; swingling 22 lbs. flax at 2 cts. per 

1830: Wm. Riley, 30 lbs. nails at 10 cts. per 
lb. Eggs were about 3 to 4 cts, per dozen. Butter 
6J cents per pound. 

87 H M T 

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" Ask who of alt our race have shown 

The largest heart, the kindliest . hand , 
Ask who with lavish handc have strown 

Rich blessings over all the land; 
Ask who has sown that wc might reap, 
The harvest rich zvith ninety years; 
And e7'ery heart and every voice 
Make answer: Madison's pioneers** 

Adapted from A. B. Clarke. 


Under the above heading we present some miscella- 
neous incidents and expressions that we could not well 
classify otherwise, and that throw light on our pioneer's 
life. What little money was in circulation at an early 
day was mostly of Spanish silver. The change was 
made with "cut money'' — thus a quarter cut in two 
made two nine pence (12 i-2c), and cut in four pieces 
made four fi-penny bits (6 1-4C) ; quarters, half dollars 
and dollars were thus cut. It is said that often five 
fi-penny bits were cut from a quarter, or five nine 
pences from a half dollar. 

A common day's work, from sun up to sun down, 
was 25c. Harvest hands were paid 50c or more, gen- 
erally one bushel of wheat for a day's harvesting. 
This continued to be the price for many years, perhaps 



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until the time of the introduction of reaping machines. 
It was considered a big day's work to reap and bind 
forty dozen sheaves of wheat, and only a few could 
<io it. 

Blazed trees showed the way from cabin to cabin, 
«ven though the distance was short. The woods were 
very dense and one could easily get lost. Bells were 
put on the cows and sheep so that they could be found. 

Few sheep were kept on account of wolves, and 
later on account of dogs. 

The pioneers were great "meeting" goers ; besides 
their desire to hear the preaching, it afforded an op- 
portunity of hearing the "news" and meeting the peo- 
ple of the neighborhood. It was no unusual thing to 
see men coming to "meeting" with their gtms on their 
shoulders, and the crack of the rifle through the woods 
was almost as familiar on Sundays as on week days. 

Within a few years after the settlements began, the 
hogs strayed off into the woods and became wild, so 
that in some neighborhoods large droves were found. 
When a fat hog was wanted the men took their dogs 
and guns and went hunting them, killing what was 

"Uncle" Johnnie Kramer's mother had to throw his 
sister Catharine, when a small child (she married Hen- 
ry Slife), up in the attic to keep the wolves from car- 
rying her off ; they had only a blanket for a door ; they 
lived where Jerry Kramer now lives. 

George Tongue killed a bear close by a pond, near 
where Daniel Wright now lives. 


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Once when John Wright was butchering — they 
lived where Jeff Mosier now lives — his mother re- 
marked "that if they had a deer to put in the sausage, 
it would help its flavor.' It was not long until two 
appeared and he succeeded in getting them both, and 
the sausage was flavored. 

From 1803 to 1806 township collectors were ap- 
pointed to collect the chattel tax and county collectors 
for the land tax; from 1806 to 1827 county collectors 
collected both land and chattel tax. It was the custom 
to go from house to house, and later the collector would 
set a time when he would be at a certain house to re- 
ceive the tax. Since 1827 the county treasurer re- 
ceives the taxes, and is elected; previous to this the 
collectors were appointed by the commissioners. It 
was also customary for a time for the assessor to set a 
time and place where persons owning taxable property 
would come and have it assessed. 

I have before me a tax receipt yellow with age ; it 
is one and three- fourths by seven and one-half inches,, 
and reads: 

"Received Oct. i6th, 1832, from Henry Deitz six 
dollars and twenty-five cents and nine milfs, his state,, 
county, township and poor tax, for said year 1832, on 
the following property, to wit : for four horses, three 
neat cattle and for one hundred and fifty-nine acres of 
land, in range 20, township 15, section 31, northwest 
quarter. Henry C. Widler, Dept. 

Treasurer Fairfield County. 

The land is the farm on which Samuel Deitz — who 
is a son of Henry Deitz — now Uves. 


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Some of the plays that were familiar to the young 
people of the early days were, "Thus the Farmer Sows 
His Seed," "Marching to Quebec," "O, Sister Pheba/' 
**Oats, Peas, Beans and Barley Grows," "Passing the 
Button," and others. The long evenings of the fall 
brought the "apple cuttings" preparatory to making 
apple-butter, and the "com huskings;" forty, fifty or 
more would gather at a neighbor's at evening; the 
•corn was placed on a huge pile, the men and boys 
would gather about it, and as the work went on they 
threw the husks behind them, when the girls would take 
them away, some with rakes, others in their arms. 
The boy who found a red ear of corn had the privilege 
to take a kiss. The girls understood this and as soon 
as a red ear was brought to light the lucky finder would 
treak for his girl, to the great merriment of all pres- 
ent. The game of base, or, as familiarly called, 
''^baste," was one of the most popular pastimes at 
school, perhaps from the fact that it was a very lively 
game and an unlimited number, both of girls and boys, 
could play at it. Two captains were selected who 
chose sides alternately; the right to first choice was 
usually determined by one of the captains spitting on 
one side of a paddle or chip and then giving it a whirl- 
ing toss in the air, when the other captain would say 
either "wet" or "dry". Two "bases" were fixed — either 
stumps, trees or stakes — about fifty to seventy-five 
yards apart, then any one of the players would venture 
out as near the opposite base as possible, when sud- 
denly one or more of those on the opposite side would 
try and catch him before he got back to his own base. 
Others of his own side would then pursue his follow- 
ers. Now the excitement and noise would be intense. 
If tagged or caught he was taken and afterwards 


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played with the other side. The game was won by the 
side who took all the others prisoners. The boys 
played "bull-pen," "town-ball" and sockey-up. 

Lee Lodge, I. O. O. F., No. 386, held a festival on 
Christmas eve, 1874, at which the following prizes 
were awarded: To Mrs. John Chaney, most popular 
married lady, a cake; to Miss Tillie McKelvey, most 
popular young lady, a card receiver; to Miss Lettie 
Allen, best looking lady, a silver butter dish. The most 
spirited contest of the evening was for a gold-headed 
cane, which was awarded to Wilson (Dad) Somer- 
ville, he having more than forty dollars' worth of 
votes. The net proceeds were over one hundred dol- 

New Year't Calb. 

In the seventies and eighties especially, New Year's 
Day was observed as a social holiday, when it was 
customary for the gentlemen to call upon all their lady- 
friends ; usually several of the ladies would join in hold- 
ing receptions as was done in 1882. At the residence 
of L. C. Bartlitt, Misses Mame Bartlitt, Louise Ol- 
inger, Mary dinger, Emma Fenstermaker and Laura 
Fenstermaker ; at the residence of Dr. A. A. Short, 
Mrs. Short, Misses Kate Short, Mary Speaks, Alice 
Speaks, Mame Hische and Mrs. E. E. Geisy; at the 
residence of M. C. Whitehurst, Misses Ella White- 
hurst, Ida Speaks, Ollie Hesser and Mrs. B. F. Gay- 
man; at the residence of Wm. Hesser, Misses Julia 
Blake, Anna Cannon, Olie Arendt, Dora Cook, Emma 
Will, and Sallie Roush ; at residence of Wm. M. Game, 
Mrs. Game, Misses Bell Fomoff, Emma Fomoff, 
Georgia Fornoff and Lizzie Gaver ; at the Merchants' 
Hotel, Misses Cora" Boyer, Lillie Boyer and Ida M. 


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Glover ; Mrs. Dr. J. B. Potter and Mrs. E. B. Pollay 
at the residence of the latter. The calling hours were 
from 2 to 8 o'clock p. m. The Times, in commenting 
on this reception, says : "The ladies received by lamp- 
light. Refreshments consisted of cakes, fruits, con- 
fections and at several places cold meats. There was 
an almost entire absence of anything stronger than 
coffee or chocolate to drink.'* The above comment in 
reference to strong drink is suggestive of the fact that 
often on former similar occasions wines and liquors 
were served and by the time the callers made the 
circuit, some, at least those who were the most sensi- 
tive to the exhilarating influence of the "flowing bowl," 
would become quite hilarious. 

Eariy Funerals and Burials. 

The first coffins were made of puncheons (split 
and hewed plank) ; they were pinned together with 
wooden pins, or sometimes each plank was set in the 
grave separately and after the body was let down the 
lid was pinned on. Of course there was no hearse; 
even as late as 1840 it was the custom to use one of 
the Pennsylvania wagons (Prairie Schooner), usually 
one with a canvas cover. The corpse and friends 
would all ride together. The method of getting into 
one of these wagons was to let the rear end-gate — 
which was on hinges — down, and two strong men, 
one on either side, would lower it sufficiently that the 
persons could readily step up, when the gate would 
be raised level with the bottom of the bed. John 
Nicodemus remembers when his sister died in 1839, 
that Jacob LeFever at Waterloo made the coffin which 
cost one dollar per lineal foot (this was the usual 
price), and was made of walnut or cherry and var- 


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nished (or oiled) and lined with cambric or muslin. 
In town the corpse was carried on a bier; a familiar 
sight was to see the funeral procession halt while the 
pall-bearers rested. In our boyhood days the sugges- 
tion came to our minds that, perhaps, it was at such a 
halt that the Savior called the son of the widow of 
Nain to life. 

The first hoarse in this section was the one that 
Jacob Rennedum made in about 1850. It had a plat- 
form with posts at the comers which supported a 
wooden top; a black curtain with a fringe round the 
l)ottoni hid the coffin from view. Later Charles 
Brown and Frank Armpreister built one with glass 
sides. The running gears of this latter one are still 
in use by Samuel Saylor. 

Among the very earliest physicians in this section 
was Dr. W. W. Talbott, of Jefferson; he came in 
about 1830. The writer heard him relate that some 
fifty physicians were now practicing in the territor}' 
that he formerly traveled alone ; this territory included 
that now covered by the physicians of Carroll, Pick- 
erington, Reynoldsburg, Groveport, Winchester, Lith- 
opolis, (jreencastle and occasional calls even beyond 
these limits. Every neighborhood had its female doc- 
tor — called grannies — who performed some of the du- 
ties now belonging to the physician. 

Myatt Wine — Charles W. Speaks, Christian and 
Daniel Gayman manufactured 58 barrels of Myatt 
wine in 1866 and about 20 barrels in 1867. The rhu- 
barb plants from which it was made were grown on 
lots number 77-79 on North Liberty street. "Myatt" 
is a very intoxicating beverage. 


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.=5 5 

I > 


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The following ''Indenditure of Apprenticeship" 
(found in the records of the town clerk, Groveport) 
is quite interesting in these days when many of our 
mechanics simply "pick up" their trade, instead of 
serving a long apprenticeship as was the custom with 
the settlers of fifty years or more ago: 

"The said Samuel Getty, aged nine years, on the 
thirteenth day of August, A. D. 1850, by and with the 
consent of Elizabeth Getty, his mother, hath and 
doth bind himself as an apprentice unto the said John 
Yourd until the thirteenth day of August, 1862, from 
the date hereof, to learn the trade or occupation of 
plastering. And the said Samuel Getty, by his mother, 
doth hereby covenant to faithfully serve him, and cor- 
rectly demean himself during the term of his appren- 
ticeship. And the said John Yourd doth hereby cov- 
enant that he will teach the said Samuel Getty the 
said trade and occupation and will provide him, during 
such apprenticeship with meat, lodging, medicine, 
washing, clothing, and all other necessities suitable for 
an apprentice and will give him two years schooling, 
and at the expiration of said term of service will fur- 
nish said Samuel Getty with a new Bible, one good 
suit of common wearing apparel and one dress suit, 
a kit of tools sufficient to carry on said business, and 
twenty dollars in money. 

July 4th, J876. 

The "Centennial" Fourth of July was appropriately 
celebrated in Kramer's grove north of Winchester, as 
the following committees will suggest: J. B. Evans, 
mayor, Pres. ; Chas. M. Gould, Secy. ; with the fol- 
lowing vice presidents, viz : C. L. Seely, F. M. Sen- 
ter, Henderson Miller, Geo. Needels, Samuel Hempy, 


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Jesse Seymour, Sr., John A. Armpreister, Wm. T. 
Conklin, Henry Long, Benoni Steman, Geo. Long, F. 
G. Pontius, Jacob Bishop, Samuel Leigh, Moses Sey- 
mour, John Rager, A. L. Ferrill, James Peters, David 
Langle, A. H. Morton, John Hisey, A. A. French. Geo. 
Loucks, B. L. Rees and John G. McGufFey. 

Dr. J. B. Potter, reader of the Declaration of In- 
dependence; John Gehm, grand marshal. Commit- 
tee on Finance: Capt. Philip Game, J. K. Miller, Wm^ 
F. Zigler, J. M. Blackwood, Jas. P. Kalb and H. S. 
Tallman. Committee on Decorations: Dr. A. Starr, 
Chas. Epley, F. Leonard, Mrs. J. B. Potter, Mrs. A. 
Storr, Geo. M. B. Dove, Ed. Speilman, Chas. Zachero^ 
Chas. B. Cowan, C. Limf)ert, Daniel E. Shultz, Henry 
Creighton, Mrs. John Chaney, Mrs. Sol. Lehman, 
Miss Laura A. Schoch, Miss Rachel Gehm, Miss Ida 
Speaks, Miss Lucy Halliday, Miss Hattie Cater, Miss 
Ella Rees and Miss Callie Turner. 

Committee on Music: John H. Speilman, T. F. 
Ungemach, John C. Speaks, Robt. F. Dildine, John 
Oyler, Reuben Blackwood and Wm. Stallsnith. 

Committee on Invitations : Benj. F. Bowman, Phil 
C. Tussing, James Pickering, Albert Young, Wm. 
Chandler, Willard Powell, I. E. Stevenson, R. Gor- 
ham, J. D. Hammel, Chas. L. Brown and Samuel C. 

Committee on Speakers : O. P. Chaney, Rev. Hal- 
liday and W. R. Miller. 

Committee on Grove: Jerry Kramer, M. E. 
Schrock, Jacob Bott. John Miller, James Palsgrove. 
John Motz and P. C. Tussing. 

Committee on Water and Ice: Chas. P. Rees, 
Aaron Fenstermaker and Chas. Epley. 


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Committee on Program: Jas. H. Sommerville^ 
John Gehm and Dr. A. Starr. 

Committee to Procure a Cannon: C. W. Speaks^ 
H. S. Binkley and John Chaney. Jr. 

Safe-Guards for the Day: W. R. Miller, Jno. F. 
Bauer, C. Kuqua, C. P. Rees and Samuel C. Swanger.. 


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*' Friend after friend departs, 
h no hath not lost a friend f 
There is no nuion here of hearts ^ 

That finds not here an end; 
Were this frail world our Anal rest, 
Living or dying, none were blest/* 

To many, graveyards are hallowed places ; here lies 
all that is mortal of husband, wife, father, mother, 
brother, sister or friend ; and how common the cus- 
tom for persons of all grades of cultivation to seek a 
lonely fellowship with their beloved dead while sitting 
by their silent tomb. 

Who does not cherish the sweet hope that under 
the willow they are nearer to their departed one than 
in all the world beside. 

"There is a dreamy presence everywhere, 
As if of Spirits passing to and fro; 
We almost hear their voices in the air, 
And feel their balmy pinions touch our brow.'* 

Respect for their memories, and for their bodies, 
ought embalm in our hearts the spot where they lie and 
constrain us oft to pay our devotions of love there. 
How sad the feeling, when one visits one of the old 
burying grounds to see time doing its inevitable work 
-of destruction and decay. Only a few more years and 



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every tomb-stone that marks the last resting place of 
the pioneer will be gone ; and with these sandstone arid 
marble slabs will disappear even the name of these 
sturdy, simple-lived people, for even now no living 
person can tell the tone of their silent voice or their 
form or feature, or the expression of their eye or face. 
Some of these old burial places we found very badly 
and disgracefully neglected, many of the stones broken 
or fallen down ; in some cattle and hogs running over 
them; those fenced in so overgrown with briars and 
undergrowth that it was almost impossible to find the 
graves, and afteri found to decipher the weather-worn 
inscriptions. We have in our possession as complete 
a copy of the inscriptions on every tombstone as could 
be scured in the spring of 1899. 

In going about from cemetery to cemetery, trans- 
cribing the inscriptions, we were impressed with the 
fact that even graveyards have marked individualities, 
and that they perhaps reveal somewhat of the estima- 
tion of the church and religion held by the friends of 
those buried there. 

In some the silent inhabitants were dead; the most 
hopeful thing said of them is that "they are gone to 
the bourne from whence none ever return." In others 
the larger number of those buried there were only 
''sleeping/' ''resting/' ''waiting for the resurrection/' 
telling of the life to come in such strains of hope and 
faith that as we read from stone to stone a feeling steals 
over our mind that "to die is gain." 

The following are a few of the more curious and 
interesting epitaphs : 


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"The mortal body here is laid 
No more to mourn and die. 
The living spirit now is gone 
To live with God on high." 

"Beyond, oh, ye ransomed souls, 

Your help is from the sky. 
And seraphs guide your fearful path 

To yon bright homes on high; 
Oh death thou art the gate of heaven 
To those who feel their sins forgiven." 

"We've laid her lowly in the earth, 

The child of hope and love. 
The light and music of our hearts 
Our own sweet cradle dove." 

*Tare well dear friends, if there be room 

For memories fond and true, 
In the bright world beyond the tomb, 
I will remember you." 

"His Fight is Faught 
His Rase is Run 
His Joyes in heaven 
Is now begun." 

"Weep not my dearest friends. 
Nor shed your tears in vain. 
My face you'll see no more 
Till called to rise again." 

"Sleep on sweet babe of rest 
For such thy Savior blest." 

On John G>leman's marble slab : 

"Finish then thy new creation. 
Pure and spotless let it be; 
Let us see thv great salvation 
Perfectly restored in thee, 


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Changed from glory into glory 
Till in heaven we take our place, 

Till we cast our crown before thee 
Lost in wonder love and praise." 

''Stoop down, my thoughts that used to rise, 

Converse awhile with death 
Think how a dying mortal lies 
And pants away his breath." 

"The bud had spread a rose. 
The Savior, she closed.'* 

**Stop, my friend and view, 
The grave allotted "ou, 
Remember all must die. 
And turn to dust like I." 

'*ls this the fate that all must die, 
Vvill death no ages spare? 
Then let us all to Jesus flv 
And seek for refuge there." 

"Go home mv friend 
Dry up your tears 
I will arise 
When Christ appears." 

'*I knew full well the loveliest are always first to go. 

To finely wrought they sink beneath the pressure here below. 

**Weep not for me my parents dear, 
I am not dead, but sleeping here." 

"How greatly will my soul rejoice. 

How happy will I be. 
When I shall hear mv Savior's voice 
Sav. Come unto me," 


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The following is not a complete list of all the per- 
sons buried in the various graveyards of the township^ 
but only such as will recall the names of persons whc^ 
have lived in the township. The names are alpha- 
betically arranged. Many, ver\' many — perhaps fifty 
per cent — of the burials are unmarked. 

Asbury Graveyard. 

Located in Section No. 9. 


D. Slices Alder, died 1870, aged 24 years; Isaac 
D., son of D. S. and M. E. Alder, died 1871, aged 3 
months ; Zachariah Algire, died 1844, aged 30 years ; 
John, son of Jacob and Sarah Algire, died 1841, aged 
30 years; Ernstina, daughter of John and Susan M. 
Armstrong, died 1841, aged i year. 


Chas., son of Wm. and M. A. Bulen, died 1892^ 
aged 26 years; Samuel Brown, died 1897, aged 64 

years; Rebecca E. Brown, died 1837, ; Mary A. 

R., wife of Matthew Brown, died 1862, aged 48 years ; 
Matthew Brown, died 1894, aged 83 years ; John Bu- 
len, died 1894, aged 75 years; Mary, wife of John 
Bulen, died 1880, aged 56 years ; Nancy J., daughter 
of Wm. and M. A. Bulen, did 1870, aged 25 years; 
Pitts Brown, died 1855, aged 56 years; Nancy, wife 
of P. Brown, died 1859, aged 57 years; Pitts M. 
Brown, died 1865, aged 21 years; Malinda A. E. 
Brown, died 1866, aged 27 years; Mary S., wife of 
O. J. Brown, died 1870, aged 28 years; Amanda, 
daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Burkey, died 1848, 
aged 6 years; John Ball, died 1845, ^^^ ^9 years. 


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Margaret, wife of Oliver Codner, died 1879, aged 
92 years; Wm. H. Cramer, died 1882, aged 41 years f 
Wm. Cramer, Jr., Co. K, 133d O. V. I.; Lillie M., 
daughter of Wm. H. and A. Cramer, died 1886, aged 
16 years; John Coble, died 1887, aged 83 years; Jane; 
consort of John Coble, died 1843, ^g^d 3^ years ; Jacob 
Coble, died 1846, aged 76 years; infant son of Robt. 
and Mary Codner, died 1847. 

John W., son of H. and M. Easterday, died 1852^ 
aged 3 years ; 


Joseph C. Friend, died 1886, aged 22 years. 


EvaHne, wife of John Garrison, died 1852, aged 29; 
years; Charlotte, wife of John Garrison, died 185?^ 
aged 67 years ; Littleton R. Gray, died 1852, aged 47 
years; Anna, wife of L. R. Gray, died 1881, aged 74 
years; Leroy S., son of L. R. and A. Gray, died at At- 
lanta, Ga., 1864, aged 23 years. 


Bertha C, daughter of J. and J. E. Hare, died 
^^77 y ^ged I year; James W., son of T. and L. Har- 
trum, died 1851, aged 8 months; Wm. T. Hudson, 
died 1840, aged i year; Julian, daughter of Benjamin 
and Mary Hersh, died 1852, aged 12 years; Nancy J., 
daughter of Wm. H. and Lucinda Hamler, died 1854, 
aged I year. 

28 H M T 


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Rebecca W., wife of Robt. A. Kile, died 1885, aged 
98 years ; Lucinda, wife of John Keys, died 1850, aged 

33 years; Rebecca, wife of John Loner, died , 

aged : Daniel M., son of John and Rebecca Loner, 

died 1865, aged 24 years. 


Sarah Meeker, died 1892, aged 80 years; Cyrus 
Ray, son of C. R. and M. McGufFy, died 1885, aged 6 
months; Lula Olive, daughter of Wm. and Mary 
Mink, died 1888, aged 6 months ; Pauline, daughter of 
J. and S. L Myers, died 1856, aged 10 days. 


Philomon Needels, son of Thos. and Sarah Nee- 
dels, died 1841, aged 70 years ; Sarah, consort of Phil- 
omon Needels, died 1844, aged 56 years; infant son 
of Philomon and Nancy Needels, died 1844; Rebecca, 
wife of J. J. Needels, died 1847, ^g^^ 47 years ; Philo- 
mon, son of Thos. B. Needels, died 1840, aged i year ; 
Willimet, daughter of W. P. Needels, died 1854, aged 
2 years; Heber, son of J. and M. J. Needels, died 
1877, aged 5 months; John A. Needels, died 1876, 
aged 62 years ; Nancy, wife of P. Needels, died 1854, 

aged . • 


Miranda, wife of Thos. Patterson, died 1881, aged 
72 years ; Thomas Patterson, died 1891, aged 82 years ; 
Francis A. R.. son of James R. and Matilda Powell, 
died , aged i year. 


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Harry L., son of John and I. Robinson, died 1884, 
aged I year ; Mary A. Richards, adopted daughter of 
H. M. and M. A. Cryder, died 1847, ^&^d 5 years. 

Henry C. Swisher, died 1894, aged 57 years ; Isaac, 
son of Robt. Skidmore, died 1845, Siged 7 years ; Jacob 
Swisher, died 1890, aged 87 years ; Anah, wife of Ja- 
cob Swisher and daughter of P. and S. Needels, died 
1862, aged 51 years; Phil M. Swisher, died at Galla- 
tin, Tenn., 1862, aged 24 years; Sarah M., daughter 
of James and Rachel Stevenson, died 1852, aged ii 
months ; Sarah A., wife of M. G. Stevenson, died 1873, 
aged 44 years; Pheba M., daughter of J. and A. 
Swisher, died 1870, aged 27 years; James E., son of 
J. and J. Shiseden, died 1846, aged i year. 


Miller F. Thompson, died 1891, aged 64 years; Sa- 
rah J., wife of M. F. Thompson, died 1890, aged 62 
years; Bennett Thompson, died 1888, aged 67 years; 
Sarah, wife of M. Thompson, died 1884, aged 90 
years; McKee Thompson, died 1867, aged 68 years; 
Nanny Bell, daughter of Lot B. and M. Taylor, died 
1886, aged I year; Henrietta Taylor, died 1857, aged 
54 years. 


Elizabeth Williams, died 1841, aged 73 years. 


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Cox (or Sharp Graveyard)* 

Located on Abner Behm's land, in Section No. 30. 

Caleb Cox, died 1835, aged 42 years; Elmer Cox,, 
died 1845, ^g^^ 75 years; John Cox, died 1873, aged 
69 years ; Wm. R., son of Wm. and Sarah Cox, died 
1841, aged 2 years: Sarah Dianah, wife of John G. 
Edwards, died 1838, aged 20 years; Jeremiah, son of 
Robt. and Abigail Lisle, died 1833, ^g^^ 4 years; Si- 
mon W. Parker, died 1836, aged 35 years; Katharine, 
wife of Simon W. Parker, died 1844, aged 43 years ; 
Elizabeth, daughter of James and Jane Porter, died 
1828, aged I year; Rachel, daughter of Thomas and 
Mary Rathmell, died 1835, ^g^<i 19 years ; Catharine, 
wife of Benjamin Wheeler, died 1845, aged 22 years. 

Edwards Graveyard* 

Located on Mary S. Paste's and Elmer D. Sharp's land, 
in Section No. 18. 

Orvilla, wife of Jacob Arnold, died 1850, aged 33 
years ; Henry L., son of Jacob and Mary Arnold, died 
i860, aged 8 years; Jacob Arnold, died 1870, aged 51 
years; James P., son of Jacob and Orvilla Arnold, 
died 1880, aged 35 years; Martha J. Arnold, wife of 
D. C. Wax, died 1873, aged 25 years; Mila Bishop, 
died 1837, aged 7 years; Rebecca Cameron, died 1854, 
aged 64 years; Lewis H. Edwards, died 1845, ^g^^ 
27 years ; William Mooberry, died 1829, aged 76 years ; 
James W., son of James and Sarah McFarling, died 
1839, aged I year; Mrs. Rebecca Swisher, died 1841, 
aged 1828 years ; Ruth, the amiable consort of George 
Wightman, died 1838, aged 63 years ; George Wight- 
man, died 1844, aged 84 years. 


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Gander Graveyard* 

Located on William Haustine's land, iu Section No. 29. 

Rebecca, daughter of John and Elizabeth Gander, 
died 1825, aged 8 years; Lucinda, daughter of J. and 
E. Gander, died 1803, aged 7 years ; Josias, son of Da- 
vid and Lucinda King, died 183 1, aged 2 years. 

Groveport Cemetery. 

The oldest inscription in this graveyard is the fol- 
lowing: "Sacred to the memory of Catharine G., con- 
sort of John C. Richardson, M. D., and daughter of 
Captain Isaac Bowman, all natives of Shenandoah 
county, Virginia, born December 23, 1787, departed 
this life January 19, 1809, aged 22 years." 

"Oh fairest flower, thy failing breath is gone. 
The sense to please no more, 
The icv withering hand of death 
Has rifled all thy fragrant store. 
Calm be thy rest, sweet as the slumbers of a 

And mild as the ooening srleams of promised 



S. A. Allen, Co. F, 90th Regt., O. V. I., died , 

aged ; Hester A., wife of G. Adel, died 1880, aged 

50 years; Jacob Andrix, died 1875, ^g^^ 52 years; 
James Albert, died 1843, ^g^^ 17 years. 


J. A. Bigelow, Co. B, 6th U. S. Cavalry, and Co. K, 
14th Regt., O. V. I. ; Wm. J. Blakely, died 1868, aged 
40 years; Gordila J., wife of Wm. J. Blakely, died 
1866, aged 35 years; Melissa, daughter of J. and E. 


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Brunner, died 1852, aged 2 years; Wm. M., son of 
S. and M. Bastle, died 1884, aged 20 years; John B., 
son of S. and M. Bastle, died 1885, aged 17 years, with 
this inscription on tombstone, "Dear son John, who left 
us so sudden, Father, Mother, Sister and Brother all 
miss you at home ; I trust you are safe in the arms of 
Jesus'*; Mary D. Bastle, died 1894, aged 47 years, 
with the following inscription on tombstone: 

"Tis sweet to die when gone before 
The loved ones of mv heart, 
M^' ano^el sons, say. Mother come. 
We never more shall part" 

Lewis, son of Solomon and Martha Baughman, 
died 1856, aged 11 months; Abraham Burke, died 
1845, ^g^<i 68 years; James Boyd, son of M. and C. 
Bishop, died 1875, ^g^<i 8 months; Washington, son 
of T. and E. Blakely, died 1871, aged 17 years; Thos. 
Blakely, died 1874, aged 59 years; Mary E., wife of 
Orange Barnhart, died 1870, aged 39 years ; Lida, wife 
of John Byrne, died 1876, aged 27 years ; Harrison W. 
Bunn, died 1866, aged 30 years. 

George Campbell, died 1853, ^iged 33 years ; Henry, 
son of Chas. and Emeline Campbell, died 1855, ^&^^ 
I year ; Josephine A., daughter of C. and E. Campbell, 
died 1873, aged 23 years ; Emeline Campbell, died 1870, 
aged 41 years ; Wm. Seabury White, son of John and 
Hannah Chilles, died 1854, aged 5 years; Susannah, 

wife of Carder, died 1837, aged 40 years ; George, 

son of E. and S. Carder, died 1853, aged 29 years; 
Henry Carder, died 1861, aged 68 years; Lafayette 
Carder, Co. C, 95th Regt., O. V. L, ; E. G. 

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Carder, Co. G, 95th Regt., O. V. I., died 1887, aged 
41 years ; Alford, son of Riley and Mary Ann Calk- 
ins, died 1858, aged 4 months;- Ida Melissa, daughter 
of B. D. and Sarah Jane Clarbaugh, died 1859, aged 
9 months ; John C, son of Wm. W. and Sarah A. Cra- 
mer, died 1848, aged ; Mahala A., daughter of 

Wm. W. and Sarah A. Cramer, died 1847, ^g^^ '» 

Hugh L., son of G. and M. C. Cramer, died 1877, ^S^^ 
3 years; Mary E., daughter of W. and E. A. Cramer, 
died 1852, aged i year; David Craig, died 1849, ^^^^ 
50 years; Jennie M., wife of J. E. Carney, died 1857, 
aged 41 years ; Elizabeth, daughter of I. and R. Cheese- 
man, died 1853, aged 3 years; Ehas Churchman, Co. 

B, 38th Regt., O. V. I., ; Wealthy, wife of EHas 

Churchman, died 1868, aged 48 years; Edgar Allen, 
son of Wm. and Adda Chandler, died 1865, aged 14 
days ; Edward M., son of J. C. and J. R. Cunningham, 
died 1869, aged 25 years; Leander D., son of Geo. P. 
and D. R. Champe, died 1873, aged 19 years, inscrip- 
tion, **Those hands once so skilled in music here, are 
now touching the Golden Harp" ; George P. Champe, 
died 1898, aged y^ years ; infant son of O. and L. A. 
Cherry, died 1877; Sarah, wife of Jacob Cavinee, died 
1883, aged 47 years. 


Mary, wife of Hermon Dildine, died 1855, aged 65 
years; Harmon Dildine, died 1859, ^g^^ 72 years; 
Henry T. Clark, son of Jesse and Elizabeth Dildine, 
died 1842, aged 2 years ; Sarah E., daughter of Jesse 
and Elizabeth Dildine, died 1853, aged i year; J. H. 
Dildine, died 1862, aged 22 years; Susan, wife of 
Joseph Dildine, died 1855, ^g^^ 4^ years; Joseph Dil- 
dine, died 185s, aged 41 years ; twin infant sons of Jo- 
seph and Susan Dildine, died 1843 » Zephaniah, son of 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


E. L. and S. A. Dildine, died 1851, aged i year; Wni. 
E., son of Robt. F. and Mary A. Dildine, died 1861, 
aged 2 months; Chester V., son of Robt F. and Mary 
A. Dildine, died 1879, aged 11 years; Eleanor B., 
wife of Salem Darnell, died 1849, aged 20 years ; James 
M. l\, son of Archibald and Mary Darnell, died 1848, 
aged 9 years; Larantheadotia, daughter of G. and E. 
Darnell, died 1849, aged i month ; Ines, daughter of 
G. M. and F. J. Dildine, died 1865, aged 8 months; 
\Vm. S., son of Wm. S. and A. Durant, died 1864, aged 
3 years; Absalom Dehority, died 1866, aged 63 years. 


John Eberle, died 185 1, aged 50 years; Lether, son 
of D. R. and L. R. Ebright, died 1851, aged i year; 
Mathias, son of John and Elizabeth Eberle, died 1851, 
aged 3 years; Andrew F., son of I. P. and M. A. Ell, 
died 1852, aged 13 days. 


Orlando Fuller, died 1836, aged 40 years ; Hannah, 
wife of Isaac Friend, died 1839, aged 2y years; Geo. 
W.. son of I. and H. Friend, died 1839, aged 5 months; 
Cora B., daughter of J. H. and C. C. Fearn, died 1856, 
aged 1 1 months ; Emma, daughter of J. and E. Fullon, 
died 1871. aged i year. 


Clarinda J., daughter of Thomas and Sarah Good- 
man, died 1848, aged 2 years; Sarah J. and James H., 
twin children of Wm. and M. Giberson, died 1847; 
Chas., son of C. and M. Glit, died 1848, aged i year; 
Samuel Gares, died 1859, aged 63 years ; Lx)uisa, wife 
of Samuel Gares, died 1875, aged 77 years ; Samuel J., 
son of F. A. B. and Jane Gares, died 1859, aged 3 


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months; John Gambler, died 1863, aged 65 years; 
Joanna, wife of J. Gambler, born 1793 (date of death 
not given), Christina Geisler, died 1884, aged 65 years; 
Wm. Garey, Co. B, 128th Regt., O. V. I., . 

Wm. F., son of Geo. and Angelina Hook, died 
1836, aged 7 years; Nancy, wife of Julius Hull, died 
1843, ^g^<i 22 years; Ann E. Herrick, died 1846, aged 
21 days; Wm. C. Harris, died 1852, aged 22 years; 
Mary C, daughter of Thomas and Christina Hughes, 
died 1846, aged i year; Sarah A., daughter of Thos. 
L. S. and AdaHne Hews, died 1851, aged 10 months; 
Jonathan Hermon, died 1847. aged 23 years; Susan- 
nah, wife of Robert Hermon, died 1843, ^g^<^ J 

Robert Hermon, died i860, aged 72 years; Walker, 
son of John P. and Catharine Heston, died 1850, aged 
10 months; Francis, son of John and Nancy Hanner, 
died 1857, aged 2 years ; Isaac W., son of J. G. and 
S. Howell, died 1854, aged i year; James G. Howell, 
died 1870, aged 49 years ; Nancy, wife of John Hickle, 
died 1865, aged 48 years; Elizabeth, wife of Adam 
Havely, died 1877, aged 60 years; Sarah S., wife of 
Isaac Hamler, died 1888, aged 56 years; Lewis H., 
son of I. and S. Hamler, died 1889, aged 28 years. 


Emily, daughter of John and Mary J. Jeffries, died 
1849, aged 3 years; Parley L., son of W. & J. Jenkins, 
died in 1852, aged 4 years; Luke V. Jenkins, died 
1 87 1, aged 22 years; Geo. Johnson, Co. F, i8th reg- 
iment U. S. infantry ; Harrison R. Johnson, died 1883, 
aged 24 years; Amanda M. Johnson, died 1874, aged 
23 years; Isaac T. Johnson, died 1873, aged 18 years; 


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Francis L. Johnson, died 1873, aged 11 years: Julian 
Edgar, son of Jacob and Hannah Joes, died 185 1, aged 

; John Wm. Jamson, died 1865, aged 71 years; 

Adam John, died 1848, aged 41 years. 


Addline, daughter of Jeptha and Olive King, died 
1846, aged 2 years ; A. Burke Hooker, died 1857, aged 
31 years; America J., daughter of Jacob and Jane 
Kauffman, died 1859, aged 11 years; Elizabeth C, 
daughter of Jacob and Jane Kauffman, died 1852, 
aged 21 years; Henry Kraner, died 1858, aged 54 
years; Ann, wife of H. Kraner, died 1889, aged 79- 
years; Robert Kile, died 1877, aged 58 years; Rhoda,„ 
wife of Robert Kile, died 1886, aged 57 years. 


Henry D., son of Mark and Margaret Luce, died 
1851, aged 18 years; Mary C, daughter of J. and S. 
Little, died 1853, ^S^^ 9 years; Lula, daughter of H. 
and H. A. Long, died 1867, aged 7 months; Henry 
Long, died 1881, aged 61 years. 


David Millisee, died 1850, aged 26 years; Ruth, 

wife of J. Morris, Jr., died , aged 67 years; S- 

McWilliams, died 1871, aged 46 years ; Harmon Mans- 
field, died 1876, aged 67 years; Fredrick Mansfield^ 
died 1876, aged 47 years ; A. F. Mansfield, Co. B, i88th 

regiment, O. V. L, ; Jason Miller, Co. H, i8th 

regiment W. S. L, died 1871, aged 25 years; Hattie 
D., daughter of Henry and Caroline Miller, died 1889, 
aged 15 years; Sarah, wife of A. McCoy, died 1874^ 


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aged 57 years; Lulu, daughter of Wm. and Maiy 
Mason, died 1873, aged 2 months ; Grace L., daughter 
of Wm. and Mary Mason, died 1875, aged 3 months; 
Kate G,, wife of F. A. Moore, died 188 1, aged 27 
years; James McCormick, Co. B, ii8th regiment, O. 
V . 1., . 


Sylvester Nichols, died 1838, aged 51 years; Mar- 
garet J., daughter of L. and L. Nichols, died 1841, 
aged 3 years ; Elizabeth, daughter of D. P. and Han- 
nah Neif, died 1840, aged i year; Mahala, wife of 
George Nigh, died 1848, aged 35 years; James G., 
son of G. S. and Mahala Nigh, died 1850, aged 2 
years; Sarah M., daughter of Geo. S. and Mahala 
Nigh, died 1850, aged 14 years. 


Infant daughter of Albert and Martha Osbom, 

died 1839, aged ; Clarindae, daughter of Albert 

and Martha Osbom, died 1846, aged 5 years. 

Catharine, wife of Richard Poland, died 185 1, aged 
44 years; Wm. H., son of J. R. and Catharine Paul, 
died 1852, aged i month ; Francis W., son of S. A. and 
C. A. Peters, died 1876, aged 15 years; Silas Allen 
Peters, died 1878, aged 55 years; Nancy J., wife of 
John Patrick, died 1880, aged 43 years; John Patrick, 
died 1882, aged 54 years; Lina May, daughter of J. 
and L. Piester, died 1877, aged i year; J. M. Piester,. 
died 1888, aged 40 years. 


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Children of Adam and Catherine Rarey — Cath- 
-erina, died 1821, aged i year; Jesse, died 1825, aged 
2 years; Anna C, died 1825, aged 4 months; Adam 
S., died 1828, aged 2 years; Sarah Ann, died 1831, 
aged I year ; Adam Rarey, died 1839, aged 53 years ; 
Mary G., wife of Adam Rarey, died 1868, aged 78 
years; John S. Rarey, son of Adam and Catherine, 
died 1866, aged 38 years; Eliza, wife of Wm. H. 
Rarey, died 1849, ^^^^ 40 years; Catherine, wife of 
Wm. H. Rarey, died 1857, aged 33 years; Wm. H. 
Rarey, died 1877, aged 65 years ; Ellen G., wife of F. 
Rarey, died 1871, aged 62 years; Frederick Rarey, 
tiied 1879, aged 62 years; children of F. and E. Rarey 
R. B., died 1845, ^K^^ 3 months; M. E., died 1854, 
aged 10 months; F. E., died 1858, aged 5 months; J. 
C, died 1861, aged 13 years; Cyntha, wife of C. W. 
Rarey, died 1857, aged 36 years; twin infant daugh- 
ters of C. W. and C. A. Rarey, died 1857; Hannah, 
wife of Jacob Rawn, died 1849, aged 28 years ; Lucius 
Clark, son of Jacob and Hannah Rawn, died 1849, 
aged I day; A. B. Rarey, died 1881, aged 46 years; 
Andrew W., son of C. G. and A. Robnett, died 1853, 
aged — ^ — ; Mary E., daughter of P. and A. Reeves, 
died 1852, aged 9 months; Abagail, wife of Peter 
Reeves, died 1864, aged 38 years; infant daughter of 

P. and H. Reeves, died 1867, aged ; Hannah A., 

wife of Peter Reeves, died 1875, aged 34 years; 
Lillie G., daughter of Lida Robinson, died 1875, aged 
I year; George W. Rowland, died 1875, ^^^^ 45 
years; Dora B., daughter of Maggie Reckets, died 
1875, aged 4 years ; Irwin T., son of A. and E. Ross, 


by Google 


died 1851, aged 4 months; Owin, son of F. and R. 
Ryne, died 1883, aged i year. 

Eliza, wife of J. P. H. Stevenson, died 1852, aged 
25 years; Harriet A., wife of C. J. Stevenson, died 
1 85 1, aged 30 years; infant daughter of David and 

Mary C. Sarber, died 1854, aged ; infant daughter 

of Moses and Sarah Shaffer, died 1847, ^iR^^ J 

Elizabeth A., daughter of D. and J. Sidner, died 185 1, 
aged 2 years; Joseph Sharp, died Feb. 16, 1847, ^S^<^ 
32 years ; Sarah Jane, daughter of Joseph and Mary 
Sharp, died March 4, 1847, ^^^ 4 months; Mary, 
wife of Joseph Sharp, died April 29, 1847, ^g^^ 30 

years; Ann, wife of E. Stine, died 1850, aged ; 

Charlotte, daughter of E. and A. Stine, died 1852, 
aged 16 years; Rhoda, daughter of Lewis and Elisa 
J. Shirey, died 1858, aged 10 years; Lewis C, son of 
Martin and Elizabeth Shirey, died i860, aged 3 years: 
Mary Ellen, wife of Adam Smith, died 1868, aged 22 
years; L. S. Senter, died 1863, aged 45 years. In- 
scription, "Positive in his convictions, he made no 
compromises with expediencies." Susanah M., wife 
of L. S. Senter, died 1881, aged 61 years; Orestes 
D. A., son of L. S. and S. M. Senter, died 1863 aged 

16 years; Chas. A., son of F. M. and Senter, 

died , aged 20 months ; John G. Sharp, died 1874, 

aged 47 years ; Martha, wife of J. G. Sharp, died 1876, 
aged 43 years; Geo. B., son of J. G. and M. Sharp, 
died 1858, aged 2 years; Chas., son of J. G. and M. 
Sharp, died 1871, aged i month; Luther Laflin, son 
of J. E. and Ellae Swisher, died 1871, aged i year; 
Pearl, son of W. P. and E. G. Seymour, died 1878, 


by Google 


aged 5 years; Nettie M. Seymour, died 1869, aged 15 
years ; Edward Stevenson, Co. B, 128th O. V. I., . 


John E., son of Wm. and Catherine Toy, died 
1840, aged 4 years; Catherine, wife of Wm. Toy, died 
1842, aged 27 years; Drucilla, wife of Wesley Toy, 
<lied 1837, ^&^d 30 years; James, son of Wesley and 
Drucilla Toy, died 1834, aged 13 days; Sarah E., 
•daughter of Wesley and Minerva Toy, died 1846, aged 
3 years; Wesley Toy, died 1861, aged 65 years; Mi- 
nerva, wife of Wesley Toy, died 1874, aged 64 years ; 
Charles Toy, died 1835, aged 67 years ; Addison Toy, 
"died 1841, aged 27 years; Wm. Addison, son of Addi- 
son and Sarah Toy, died 1841, aged 2 months; May, 
daughter of C. and M. R. Toy, died 1876, aged 6 
years ; Wm. M., son of Wm. R. and H. A. Thompson, 
"died 1871, aged i year; Claudia Bell, daughter of I. 
and A. Trott, died 1870, aged 3 months. 


Josiah Vance, died 1852, aged 30 years ; Wm. A., 
son of A. J. and M. C. Vanwormer, died 1865, aged 
6 months; Andrew J. Vanwormer, died 1870, aged 51 
years; Linney H, son of H. S. and E. Vanhom, died 
1875, aged 5 years. 


Eva, wife of William Watson, died 1847, aged 53 
years; Margaret, daughter of John and Nancy Wat- 
son, died 1845, ^g^<i i year; Elizabeth, wife of Jon- 
athan Watson, died 1848, aged 26 years ; James Dixon, 
son of Jeremiah and Elizabeth White, died 1853, aged 
nine years; David Whetzel, died 1883, aged 73 years; 


by Google 


Elizabeth, wife of David Whetzel, died 1887, aged 
73 years; children of D. and E. Whetzel — Frederick, 
died 1847, ^&cd 2 years; Eliza C, died 1848, aged i 
year; May I., died 1857, ^g^^ 5 years; Martha A., 
daughter of Augustus and Martha Ann Willie, died 
1852, aged 3 years ; Clara, daughter of A. and M. A. 
Willie, died 1862, aged 21 years; Thos. C, son of A. 
and M. A. Willie, died 1865, aged 22 years -^ Ellen, 
daughter of A. and M. A. Willie, died 1867, aged 15 
years ; Rebecca Whitestine, died 1855, aged 34 years ; 
C. P. Woodring, died 1872, aged 40 years ; Henry, son 
of C. P. and M. Woodring, died 1874, aged 17 years; 
Solomon Woodring, died 1876, aged 71 years ; Nettie, 
daughter of David M. and M. A. Willie, died 1878, 
aged 2 years. 


Francis Marion, son of John and Mary Ann 
Young, died 1858, aged 17 years; Lorenzo D. Young, 
died 1853, ^g^d. I month ; Sousannah H., daughter of 
J. and E. Yourd, died 1874, aged 18 years; John 
Yourd, Co. H, 95th regiment, O. V. I., died 1876, 
aged 50 years. 


Ida J., daughter of M. and T. A. Zinn, died 1855, 
aged 5 months ; Fannie E., daughter of M. and T. A. 
Zinn, died 1861, aged 2 years; Elizabeth C, daughter 
of Moses and T. A. Zinn, died 1863, aged 11 years; 
Abraham Zinn, died 1870, aged 44 years; Elnorie 
Zinn, died 1892, aged 34 years. 

Gfay Graveyard* 

I«ocaled on I,. K. Davis's land, in Section No. 4. 

Richard Courtright, died August 1851, aged 51 
years; Sarah, wife of Richard Cortright, died 1843. 


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aged 27 years: Man-, wife of John Cortright, died 
1 84 1, aged 2^^ years: Rebecca, wife of John Cortright, 
died 1846. aged 29 years: Richard, son of John and 
Mar>- Cortright. died 183 1. aged i year: Palmj-ra, 
daughter of John and Rebecca Cortright, died 1844, 
aged I year: Aaron L. I>ecker. died 1826, aged 3 
years; Theadogeur, wife of Thomas Gray, died 
1826. aged yj years: Mar>-, wife of Thomas Gray, 
died 1832. aged 21 years: Mar>', daughter of Thomas 
and Harriet Gray, died 1837, aged 7 months; Errena, 
daughter of Thomas ana JuHan Gray, died 1842, aged 
10 months. 

HmofCD GfAvcyjfd* 

Located on Kalita Sallee's land, in Section No. 2?. 

Xancy, daughter of H. D. and Louisa Alton, died 
1844, aged I year; Orpha, daughter of Elijah and Re- 
becca Barkley, died 1836, aged 25 years; Benjamin 
M. C. son of William and Elsther Gevinger died 1829, 
aged 9 years; Jasper Campbell, died 1833 aged 44 
years: John \V.. son of Jasper and Hetty Campbell, 
died 1 83 1, aged 5 years; Barret J. Doherity, died 1864, 
agerl 34 years ; Sarah K., daughter of B. J. and A. S. 
Doherity, died 1876, aged 21 years; Thomas Feather- 
ingill, died 1832, aged 47 years; Elizabeth, wife of 
Thos. Featheringill, died 1824, aged 50 years; Joseph 
Flemington died 1801, aged 30 years; this is the earli- 
est death we found marked in the township. Wm. 
D. Hendren, died 1826, aged 49 years; Nancy, wife of 
Wm. D. Henderson, died 1819, aged 62 years; Ben- 
jamin Haines, died 1832 aged 51 years; Sarah, wife of 
Thomas Haines, died 1832, aged 27 years; Robt. Hen- 
dren, died 1864, aged 42 years; Matilda H Rider, wife 
of Mordica C. Hendren, died 1862, aged 27 years; 
John W. Kile, died 181 5, aged 34 years; John Kile, 


by Google 


died 1846, aged 71 years; Mary Kile, died 1881, aged 
72 years; Amelia, wife of John Kile, died 1849, ^R^d 
64 years; Elizabeth W., wife of Wm. W. Kile, died 
1848, aged 42 years; Wm. W. Kile, died 1870, aged 
66 years; Rachel, wife of John Kile, died 1819, aged 
40 years; Robert W. Kile, died 1843, aged 30 years; 
Sarah, wife of Robert Kile, died 1863, aged 50 years ; 
Ida L., daughter of John A. and Louisa Kile, died 1865, 
aged 15 days; Jacob W., son of John W. and Nancy 
Kile, died 185 1, aged 2 years; John W., son of Jacob 
and Ruth Miller, died 1831, aged i year; Martha, 
wife of Wm. Perrin, died 1845, aged 49 years; Eliza, 
wife of Jacob Swisher, died 1829, aged 19 years; 
Mary, wife of John Swisher, died 1836, aged 54 years ; 
John Swisher, died 1861, aged 79 years; John L., 
son of Frederick and Lidie Swisher, died 1856, aged 
18 years; John Updegraff, died 1851, aged 52 years i 
John E. Whitmore, died 1876, aged 32 years. 

Hopewell Graveyard* 

I.,ocflted on Section No. 9, near Hopewell Church. 

Francis, daughter of J. and S. Andrix, died 1859, 
aged 7 years; Clarissa, wife of Morgan Belford, died 
1823, aged — ; Stephen, son of Wesley and Elizabeth 
Bishop, died 1848, aged 3 months; children of Samuel 
and Mary Bishop, John, died 1834, aged 23 years; 
Wesley, died 1847, ^g^<i 35 years; Jackson, died 1866, 
aged 47 years; Louisa, wife of A. J. Bishop, died 
1850, aged 30 years; Andrew J. Bishop, died 1866, 
aged 47 years ; Clarinda, daughter of Wesley and Eli- 
zabeth Bishop, died 1839, ^g^^ i year; Noah Bishop, 
died 1827, aged 78 years; Thankful, wife of Noah 
Bishop, died 1832, aged 81 years; Thomas R., son of 
Thomas and Elizabeth Bennet, died 1839, aged i year; 

29 H M T 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


Joshua Burton, died 1835, aged 90 years; Thomas 
Becket Burton, died 1829, aged 35 years; Nancy, wife 
of Thomas Burton, died 1836, aged 44 years; Samuel 
Bishop, died 1842, aged 57 years; Mary, wife of 
Samuel Bishop, died 1868, aged 81 years; Malinda, 
daughter of John and Prudence Bunn, died 1850, 
aged 4 years; Frederick Bunn, died 1871, aged 58 
years; Jefferson L,. son of Frederick and Charlotte 
Bunn. died 1883, aged 35 years; Elizabeth, wife of 
Henry Bunn, died i860, aged J2 years ; Henry Bunn, 
died 1848, aged 68 years. 


Anna, wife of Alexander Cameron, died 1833, 
aged 55 years; Alexander Cameron, died 1846, aged 
62 years; Broad Cole, died 1831, aged 79 years; Shad- 
rach Cole, died 1845, aged 66 years; Mary, wife of 
Shadrach Cole, died 1836, aged 56 years ; Polly Cole, 
died 1844, aged 29 years: Lydia L., daughter of John 
and Hanna A. Childs, died 1846, aged 6 months; 
John Childs, died 1830, aged 56 years; Armenta, wife 
of Wesley Cole, died 1853, a&^d 22 years ; Mary, wife 
of Wm. Childs, died 1835, aged 28 years; Mary Ann, 
wife of Henry Crossly, died 1871, aged 86 years; 
Henry Crossly, died 1863, aged 83 years. 


Julian, wife of Joseph Dildine, died 1842, aged 27 
years : Holman, son of Thomas and Mary Dildine, died 
1838, aged 49 years; Andrew Dildine, died 1825, aged 
46 years; Robert K., son of Henry and Matilda Dil- 
dine, died 1834, aged i year; Elisha Dildine, died 1833, 
aged 25 years. 


by Google 


Pheba, wife of William F. English, died 1849; 
aged 29 years; Jacob B., son of John and Elizabeth 
English, died 1834, aged 15 years; James, son of John 
and M. Egbert, died 1827, aged 20 years; Jemima D., 
daughter of George and Mary Evans, die^ 1847, aged 
8 months ; Rebecca J., daughter of James and Huldah 
Evans, died 1832, aged 2 years. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. B*. F. and Elizabeth 
Gar4, died 1846, aged 8 months; Hezekiah Giberson, 
died 1838, aged 86 years; Ezekiel Groom, died 1836, 
aged 69 years; Rhoda, wife of Ezekiel Groom, died 
1859, aged 86 years; Moses Groom, died 1852, aged 
38 years; Mary Groom, died 1849, ^g^d 58 years; 
Elizabeth, wife of John Groom, died 1833, ^S^^ 3^ 
years; Thomas Groom, died 1858, aged 40 years; 
Noah Groom, died 1856, aged 74 years ; Lucy, wife of 
Noah Groom, died 1853, ^S^^ 64 years; David J. 
Groom, died 1858, aged 33 years; Almira, daughter 
of Thomas and Nancy Groom, died 1839 aged 3 years ; 
John F., son of T. and N. Groom, died 1863, ^S^^ 34 
years; Thomas Groom, died 1881, aged 85 years; 
Nancy, wife of Thomas Groom, died 1866, aged 70 
years; Daniel R. Groom, died 1875, aged 49 years; 
Susan, wife of Daniel Groom, died 1878, aged 48 
years; Pheba, second wife of Moses Groom, died 1816, 
aged 32 years ; Margaret, third wife of Moses Groom, 
died 1847, ^g^^ 23 years; Catherine, wife of Moses 
Groom, died 1838, aged 21 years; Hannah Gameilch, 
died 1873, ^g^^ 44 years. 


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Mary Fidela, daughter of Ely and Rebecca Hainer^ 
died 1847, ^^d 2 years; Emma R., daughter of T. 
H. and S. Hall, died 1853, ^g^d 5 days; Fannie R.^ 
wife of John Hewitt, died 1885, aged 34 years ; John 
M. Halzworth, died 1859, ^S^^ 62 years; Adam 
Havely, died 1842, aged 62 years; Mary, wife of 
Adam Havely, died 1832, aged 51 years; Christena, 
wife of Josiah Hulva, died 1842, aged 32 years ; Mary 
M., daughter of J. and Elizabeth Hawkins, died 1847, 
aged I year; Daniel W., son of F. J. and Elizabeth 
Hawkins, died 1843, ^iged i year. 

John Iberson, died 1816, aged 48 years. 

Dr. J. H. Kilborn, died 1834, aged 26 years. 

William C, son of William and Margerat Love, 
died 1838, aged 10 years; Jacob Leavengood, died 
1849, ^g^^d 72 years; Mary, wife of Jacob Leaven- 
good, died 1 861, aged 76 years; Sarah R. Lanning, 
died 1821, aged 56 years; John Lanning, son of Su- 
san Lanning, died 1831, aged 18 years; John F. Lin- 
cohi, died 1855, aged 11 months. 


Thomas Mackneyayers, died 1859, aged ^6 years; 
Lucy J., daughter of G. H. and E. Miller, died 1877, 
aged 14 years; Rebecca, wife of Henry More, died 
1843, aged 80 years; Oake Moore, died 1839, aged 


by Google 


68 years; Nancy, daughter of J. A. and Patience 
McClish, died 1832, aged i year; Sarah McGarity, 
died 1877, aged 65 years; Elizabeth, wife of Wm. 
McGarity, died 1850, aged 44 years; William Mc- 
Garity, died 1879, aged 70 years ; Sarah, wife of John 
Moore, died 1823, aged 26 years. 


William C, son of Jeremiah and Charity Oakley, 
died 1843, ^g^^ 27 years; Margeret, wife of Thomas 
A. Oakley, died 1848, aged 23 years. 

Philip Pontius, died 1845, aged 61 years; Cath- 
■erine, wife of Philip Pontius, died 1854, aged 75 
years; Charles Pontius, died May 10, 1887, aged 75 
years; Elizabeth, wife of Charles Pontius, died April 
30, 1887, aged 75 years; Raleigh C. Perrill, died 
1891, aged 48 years; John, son of Wm. and M. Polen, 
died 1888, aged 13 years; Joseph W., son of Z. H. and 
R. C. Perrill, died 1847, ^S^^ ^ year; James W., son 
of W. H. and S. A. Paynd, died 1861, aged 10 years. 


Amelia, wife of Daniel Ranier, died 1854, aged 71 
years; Elizabeth C, daughter of Jacob and Mary 
Rhyan, died 1851, aged i year; Jacob Rhyan, died 
1875, aged 47 years ; John Florence Rarey, died 1864, 
aged 35 years; George Rarey, dijd 1850, aged 55 
years ; Jane, wife of George Rarey, died 1836, aged 30 
years; Sarah, wife of George Rarey, died 1872, aged 
65 years; Henry Rose, died 1844, aged 64 years; 
Clarence E. Rarey, died 1890, aged 25 years; Sarah, 


by Google 


wife of Daniel Ranier, died 1820, aged 52 years; Dan- 
iel Ranier, died 1842, aged jy years; Abigail, second 
wife of Daniel Ranier, died 1823, aged 55 years; 
Hulda, third wife of Daniel Ranier, died 1840, aged 
73 years; Daniel, died 1836, aged 23 years; Abraham, 
died 1831, aged 31 years; Sarah, died 1821, aged 18 
years; and Rebecca, died 1823, aged 18 years; were 
children of I>aniel and Sarah Ranier; Isaac Ranier, 
died 1863, aged 69 years; Mary, wife of I. Ranier, 
died 1 87 1, aged 74 years; Willie, son of J. F. and A. 
Ranier died 1864, aged 6 months; Jane, wife of Lock- 
hart Ramsey, died 1847, ^ig^d 38 years. 

Mary E., daughter of Stephen and Abigail Smith, 
died 1877, 2iged 11 months; Abraham Swayer, died 
1876, aged 63 years; John Swayer, died 1864, aged 
56 years ; Sarah, wife of Andrew Swayer, died 1855, 
aged 78 years; Thomas and Susan Showham, father 
died July 30, 1865, aged 73 years; and mother died 
July 18, 1865, aged ^2 years; Stephen Simons, died 
1856, aged 74 years; Mary, wife of Stephen Simons, 
died 1845, ^g^^^ 59 years. ' 


Agnes, wife of Wm. Wright, died 1830, aged 62 
years; Mary Bunn, wife of J. P. Wright, died 1868, 
aged 25 years; Wm. W., son of Orin and Lucinda 
White, died — , aged 4 months. 

Adam Young, died 1849, ^Z'^^ 29 years; Charity, 
daughter of Thomas and Sarah Young, died 1831, 
aged 2 years; Robert F., son of A. and E. Young,, 
died 1849, 2iRed 3 years. 


by Google 


Sophia, wife of Andrew Zebold, died i860, aged 
19 years. 

Huddle Gfaveyard. 

Located on Margaret and Wesley Huddle's land, in Section No. 6. 

Chas. Aubert, died 1865, aged 38 years; Claudius 
B. Aubert, died 1863, aged 66 years. 

Chas. M., son of G. and E. Banck, died 1866, aged 
I year; John W., son of S. and E. A. Brincker, died 

1861, aged 21 days; Hiram, son of Samuel and Su- 
sanah Bechtel, died 1856, aged 18 years ; Matilda Don- 
aldson, died 1876, aged 47 years ; Emma A., daughter 
of B and E. C. Donaldson, died 1876, aged 2 years; 
Catherine, daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth Hamler, 
died 1835, aged 19 years; Jacob Hamler, died 1832, 
aged 46 years; Wm., son of T. and M. Miller, died 

1862, aged 27 years; Joshua Miller, died 1849, ^g^^ 
25 years; John, son of John and Margaret Miller, 
died 1852, aged 23 years; John R. Miller, died 1848, 
aged 53 years; Margaret, wife of John Miller, died 
1853, aged 46 years; Elizabeth, daughter of Robert 
and Mary Mossman, died 1823, aged 7 years; infant 
daughter of George and Catherine Rohr, died 1826; 
George, son of Wm. and Elizabeth Rohr, died 1833, 
aged I year; Joseph, son of Chas. and Mary Rohr, 
died 1841, aged 2 months; Martha, daughter of M. 
and S. A. Rohr, died 1853, aged 19 years; Susanah, 
wife of Jacob Rexroad, died 1861, aged 70 years; 
Elizabeth C, wife of George Rohr, died 1854, aged 
69 years; George Rohr, died 1862, aged 76 years; 
Walter G., son of Absalom and Rhoda Rohr, died 
1866, aged I year; Michael Rohr, died 1861, aged 39 


by Google 


years ; Catherine, daughter of Samuel E. Ranock, died 
1853, aged 16 years; Jefferson Rose, died 1854, aged 
7 days; infant daughter of Wm. and E. Rohr, died 
1853, aged II months; Elizabeth Rexroad, died 1853, 
aged 20 years; Maria, wife of Michael Rohr, died 
1823, aged 67 years; Michael Rohr, died 1818, aged 
62 years; Margaret, wife of John Rohr. died 1839, 
aged 49 years; Rosanah Shue, died 1879, aged 57 
years ; Elizabeth, wife of Joseph Shue, died 1868, aged 
80 years; Catherine, wife of John Straw, died 1853. 
aged 45 years; John Straw, died i860, aged 68 years; 
Elizabeth Swigart, died 1835, aged 55 years ; Eliz- 
abeth Smith, died 1859, aged 'J'J years; John Smith, 
died 1819, aged 41 years; Catherine, wife of Mathias 
Wolf, died 1850; aged 65 years; Mathias Wolf, died 
1839. aged 50 years ; Katherine, wife of Philip Wolf, 
died 1838, aged 84 years; Hannah, wife of P. Wolf, 
died 1871, aged 73 years; Sarah, wife of Chas. Young, 
died 1868, aged 19 years. 

Kile GraveyanL 

Located ou John W. Kile's land, in Section No. 9. 

James A. Kile, died 1855, aged 46 years; Sally 
Ann. wife of James A. Kile, died 1880, aged 70 years ; 
John Wesley Needels, died 1862, aged 38 years; Sally 
Ann, daughter of John W. and Abigail J. Needels, 
died 1853, ^R^^ I year; Pheba, wife of Jacob Swisher, 
died 1849, ^R^<J 60 years; Theresa M., daughter of 
Israel and Rachel Swisher, died 1875, aged 22 years; 
Sally A., wife of A. J. Taylor, died 1864, aged 17 
years: Sally A., daughter of A. J. and S. A. Taylor, 
died 1864, aged 5 months; John Winterstein, died 
1850, aged 66 years; Abigail, wife of John Winter- 
stein. died 1867, aged 75 years. 


by Google 


Kramer Graveyard* 

Located on B. F. Ashbrook's land, in Section No. 81. 

Amzi Axtell, died August 2^, 1840, aged 42 years; 
Casanda, wife of Anizi Axtell, died July 13, 1840, 
aged 34 years; Henry S., son of J. and R. Agle, died 
1853, ^^^ I month. 


, daughter of Isaac Baker, died 1824. 

aged . 


Luiza, wife of Jacob Cramer, died 1837, aged 35 
years; Chas. Cross, died 1830, aged 59 years; John 
Colman, died 1848, aged 51 years ; Mary, wife of John 
Colman, died 1835, ^%^^ 37 years: Elizabeth, wife of 
Chas. Cross, died 1822, aged 52 years; Emily Jane, 
wife of Israel Cross, died 1844, aged 34 years; Israel 
Cross, died 1853, aged 44 years ; James Caldwell, died 
1865, aged 73 years; Wm., son of Geo. and Rachel 
Crook, died 1851, aged 4 years. 


Christ ena, wife of Reuben Dove, died 1838, aged 
38 years ; children of Reuben and C. Dove, Enoch and 
Elizabeth, died 1825, infants; EHjah, died 1825, aged 
4 months; Samuel J., died 1830, aged i year; Henry 
H., died 1832, aged 9 months; Moses and Aaron, died 
1837, infants ; Wm. H., died 1838, aged 2 months, and 
Matilda, wife of John Fry, died 1844, ^iged 22 years; 


by Google 


Barbara, wife of Geo. G. Derr, died 1853, aged 35 
years ; Elizabeth Derr, died 1846, aged 37 years ; Bar- 
bara, wife of John Derr, died 1843, ^g^^ 54 years. 


Matilda, daughter of John and M. Fry, died 1844,. 
aged 8 months; Wm. W., son of Reuben and Sarah 
French, died 1836, aged 14 years. 


Eliza, daughter of Geo. and Sarah Harmon, died 

1842, aged ; Kizia, daughter of Philomen and 

Jane Harris, died 1823, aged i month; Sarah, wife of 
George Harmon, died 1855, ^S^^ 63 years. 


Mical, son of old Adam and Crestena Kramer, died 
1823, aged 43 years; Jacob Kramer, died 1866, aged 
64 years; Lewis Kramer, died 1847, ^g^<^ 69 years; 
Margaret, wife of Lewis Kramer, died 1863, aged 87 
years; Martha, wife of Lewis Kramer, died 1853,. 
aged 23 years ; Sarah, daughter of George and Cather- 
ine Kramer, died 1849. ^g^<^ 2 years; Barbara, wife 
of Adam Kramer, died 1823, aged 23 years; Sarah, 
wife of Jacob Kramer, died i860, aged 44 years; Ed- 
ward, son of David and Elizabeth Kramer, died 1831^ 
aged 3 weeks; Susannah, wife of Daniel Knepper, 
died 1850, aged 22 years; Philip, son of Ludwig Kra- 
mer, died 1812, aged 6 years: Samuel, son of Adam 
and Abigail Kramer (no date) : Adam Kramer, died 
1815, aged 63 years; Elizabeth Andrix, wife of John 
Kramer, died 1827, aged 24 years. 


by Google 


Elizabeth, wife of Elias Lines, died 1842, aged 31 
years; Elias Lines, died 1843; Cisley, wife of Isaac 
Lanning, died 1823, aged 38 years; Catherine A., 
daughter of Daniel and Sarah Lecrone, died 1838,. 

aged . 


Conrad Miller, died 1846, aged 66 years; Hannah,, 
wife of Conrad Miller, died 1821, aged 45 years; Eliz- 
abeth, third wife of Conrad Miller, died 1849, ^g^^ 
70 years; Emeline, daughter of Levi and Margaret 
Moore, Jr., died 1847, ^S^^ 2 years. 


Elizabeth, daughter of Philomen and Sarah Nee- 
dels, died 1813, aged 12 years; Amanda, daughter of 
J. W. and A. J. Needels, died 1848, aged 9 days. 


Stephen Robinson, died 1836, aged 34 years ; Daniel 
B. Rockey, died 1845, ^g^^ 29 years. 

Paul Samsel, Jr., died 1851, aged 34 years; Sarah 
Ann, wife of Henry Samsel, died 1852, aged 44 years; 
Mary Ann, wife of Henry Samsel, died 1854, aged 29 
years (her twin sons sleep with her) ; John M. Samsel, 
died 1835, ag^d 23 years ; Elizabeth, wife of Paul Sam- 
sel, died November, 1834, aged 44 years; Sarah, wife 
of Paul Samsel, died November, 1835, aged 38 years; 
John S. Slife, died 1844, aged 53 years ; Wm. S. Slife,. 
died 1848, aged 31 years; Polly, daughter of Henry 
and Catherine Slife, died 1849, ^g^^ n years; Deliah,. 


by Google 


daughter of J. S. and M. M. Slife, died 1849, ^S^^ 18 
jears; Rachel A., daughter of S. and M. Slife (no 
dates) ; Henry Slife (balance of inscription faded) ; 
Wm. H., son of Jacob and Ann Maria Shultz, died 
1842, aged 4 years; Henry Schoonover, died July 7. 
1833, aged 40 years; Perry, son of Henry and Sarah 
Schoonover, died July 12, 1833, aged 7 years, victims 
of the cholera; Elizabeth, wife of John Schoonover, 
daughter of John and Margaret Courtright, died 1822, 
^ged 72 years ; Mary, daughter of Abraham and Mar- 
garet Schoonover, died 1823, aged 4 months; Sally, 
wife of John Schoonover, died 1827, aged 25 years; 
Mary Ann, wife of James Samsel, died 1844, aged 26 
years ; Minerva, wife of James Samsel, died 1847, ^g^^ 
23 years ; Elizabeth, daughter of James and Margaret 
Samsel, died 1842, aged 4 years; John M. Samsel, died 
1835, ^g^^ 24 years; Sarah W. Samsel, died 1852, 
aged 32 years; James, son of Paul and Cyrena Sam- 
sel, died 1849, ^g^<i II years. 


Samuel Walters, died 183 1, aged 97 years; Samuel 
Wilson, died 1842, aged . 

Middletown Graveyafd* 

Located on Section No. 1, near Oregon. 


Jacob Anderick, Sr., died 1812, aged 48 years; 
Henry Clay, son of Jacob and Nancy Anderick, died 
1842, aged 2 years; Sophia, wife of Martin A. An- 
drews, died 1 87 1, aged 66 years; Martin Andrews, 
died 1863, aged 50 years; Mary, wife of Wm. Allen, 


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died 1852, aged 2^ years; Margaret J., daughter of 
Elizabeth Andrews, died i860, aged 28 years. 


George Bishop, died 1840, aged 57 years; Cath- 
rine Bishop, died 1866, aged jy years ; Louisa Bishop, 
died 1869, aged 21 years; Jacob Bishop, died 1884, 
aged 70 years ; John Bishop, died 1846, aged 47 years ; 
Arabelle, daughter of John and Nancy Bishop, died 
1827, aged 4 years; Geo. Blakely, died 1828, aged 44 
years; Sally, wife of Geo. Blakely, died 1855, aged 
67 years; Thomas Blakely, died 1824, aged 44 years; 

Sabina, wife of James Blakely, died , aged ;: 

Elizabeth, wife of Michael Beglin, died 1873, ag^^ 
45 years. 


Sarah Ann, wife of Thos. M. Champ, died 1849,. 
aged 23 years; William Cummins, died 1833, aged 
42 years; Abigail, wife of Daniel Crouse, died 1864, 
aged 59 years ; Daniel, son of Ruthy and Major Cole,, 
died 1 83 1, aged 13 months. 


Andrew Decker, died 1832, aged (scaled off) ; 
Isaac Decker, died 1836, aged 47 years; Elisha, son 
of Isaac and Eleanor Decker, died 1823, aged i year; 
Mary, wife of Isaac L. Decker, died 1845, aged 26 
years; Lydia Decker, died 1834, aged 40 years; Kath- 
erine, wife of Elias Decker, died 1824, aged 64 years; 
Mahala, daughter of Daniel and Margaret Decker, died 
1830, aged II days; Eleanor, wife of Isaac Decker, 

died 1823, aged 45 years; Decker, formerly 

widow Bishop, died 1822 aged (indistinct) ; Isaac, son 


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of John and Rachel Decker, died 1814, aged 18 days ; 
Lucinda, daughter of Jacob T. and Sarah A. Decker, 
died 1845, ^g^^ I year; Algernon Davison, died 1861, 
^g^^ 35 years; Sarah, daughter of A. and Abigail 
Davison, died 1861, aged 3 months. 


Reuben French, died 1833, aged 43 years; Mary, 
wife of Hezekiah Farrand, died 1845, ^g^^ 57 years; 
Catherine, wife of H. Farrand, died 1877, aged 46 
years; Mary, wife of Fredrick Fruchy, died 182 — ; 
Sarah Ann, daughter of Fred and Polly Fruchey, died 
1836, aged 12 years. 


Almira, wife of Henry Hott, died 1853, aged 31 
years ; Christneth, daughter of Simon and E. Helpman, 
died 1830, aged 7 days; Rebecca Ann, daughter of 
Elias and Nancy Helpman, died 1833, aged 16 days; 
Joseph Helpman, died 1816, aged 18 days; Anna, 
daughter of S. and E. Helpman, died 1824, aged 2 
years; Sary Ann, daughter of Jacob and Angelina 
Hockman, died 1820, aged 2 months. 


Nancy, wife of Philip Kramer, died 1831, aged 25 
years ; Eliza J., daughter of Adam and S. Kramer, died 
1816, aged 5 years; Geo. A. Kelley, died 1824, aged 
44 years ; Eliza Jane, daughter of Adam and Secolahy 
Karnes, died 1846, aged 5 years. 

Jonathan Lee, died 1814, aged 48 years; Electhy, 
wife of Zebulon Lee, died 182 — (Jast figure gone) ; 


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Katherine, wife of Peter Line, died 1817, aged 34 
years; Elizabeth, wife of Peter Line, died 1839, aged 
52 years ; Peter Line, died 1842, aged TJ years ; Bar- 
bara E., daughter of Wm. J. and A. E. Lentz, died 
i860, aged I year. 


Eleanor, wife of Daniel Miller, died 1833, ^^^^ 43 
years ; Joseph Myers, died 1869, aged 65 years. 


George Ordel, died 1854, aged 62 years; Catherine, 
wife of Geo. Ordel, died 1861, aged 65 years; Flor- 
ence, daughter of J. D. and C. A. Ordel, died 1872, 
aged 14 years; Chas. G. Ordel, died 1891, aged 20 


William Rowe, died 1844, aged 16 years; Sally, 
wife of Alexander Ross, died 1825, aged 20 years. 


James L. Smith, died 1830, aged 2 years; infant 
daughter of Geo. C. and K. E. Sallee, died li 

John B. Thompson, died 185 1, aged 43 years ; Eliza 
Jane, wife of Samuel Thrush, died 1859, ^%^^ 39 years ; 
Eleanor, daughter of Wm. and Sarah Ann Toll, died 
182 — , aged 7 months; John, son of John and Sarah 
Teas (dates all gone). 


Julian, wife of David Van Trine, died 1835, ^%^^ 
40 years. 


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Sarah, daughter of George and Sarah Whaley, died 
1824, aged 4 years ; four children of J. M. and R. Wil- 
liams, died 1871-74. 

MeoofiHe Oraveyud* 

Located on David Martin's land, in Section No 24. 

Manassah, son of John and Sophia Brenneman, 
died 1849, ^g^^ 14 months; Sarah, daughter of J. and 
M. Bowman, died 1849, ^g^^ 2 months; Jacob Bow- 
man, died 1884, aged 71 years; Mary, wife of Jacob 
Bowman, died 1888, aged 81 years; Catharine, wife 
of Xo^tuPrenneman, died 1883, aged 45 years; Ly;^a, 
wife of Nq^ Brenneman, died 1889, aged 46 years; 
Anna, wife of Samuel Detwiler, Jr., died 1863, aged 
25 years ; Isaac, son of S. and E. Detwiler, was killed 
at the battle of Stone River, Tenn., 1862, aged 21 
years; Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Detwiler, died 1854, 
aged 49 years; Samuel Detwiler, died 1874, aged yy 
years ; infant son of J. K. and C. Dill, died 1877 ; Mag- 
delena, wife of Jacob Dochterman, died 1862, aged 
59 years ; Jacob Dochterman, died 1877, aged 72 years ; 
Jacob, son of J. and M. Dochterman, died 1859, aged 
23 years; Mary, wife of Levi Dochterman, died 1873, 
aged 46 years ; Adaline, daughter of S. and W. Fur- 
geson, died 1857, aged i year; John Good, died 1862, 
aged 44 years; Elizabeth, wife of John Good, died 
1897, aged 72 years; John, son of J. and E. Good, 
died 1866, aged 12 years; Anna P., daughter of Ab- 
salom and L. M. Good, died 1889, aged 2 years ; Cath- 
arine, daughter of Jacob and Anna Horning, died 1851, 
aged 14 days ; Barbara, wife of Henry Hoffman, died 
1855, aged 24 years; Adda, Weib von George Hoff- 
man, starb, Januar 21, 1845, ^^ ^^^ ivorden 42 Jahre, 6 


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monatc, 19 Tag. This is the first burial in these 
grounds. Geo. HoflFman, died 1857, aged 54 years; 
Susannah, daughter of David and Mary Horst, died 
1848, aged 4 weeks; Henry M., son of D. and M. 
Hurst, died 1848, aged 10 months; Susanah, wife of 
P. Hare, died 1865, aged 35 years; David Hare, died 
1882, aged 31 years; Christina, wife of Samuel Herr,, 
died 1848, aged 48 years; Samuel, son of S. and C. 
Herr, died 1869, aged 29 years; Samuel Hare, died 
1876, aged 67 years ; Ida E., daughter of Jacob S. and' 
Emeline Lehman, died 1867, aged 3 years; Abraham 
Lehman, died 1868, aged 68 years; Catharine, wife of 
Abraham Lehman, died 1878, aged 72 years ; Lemuel" 
S., son of A. S. and M. Lehman, died 1888, aged 15 
years; John Leidy, Co. F, ist Ohio Cavalry; John 
Leady, died 1881, aged 72 years Eliza, wife of J. 
Leady, died 1869, aged 54 years; Elizabeth, wife of 
David Martin, died 1888, aged 58 years; John, son of 

D. and E. Martin, died 1863, aged 9 months; Peter 
Nicklas, died 1851, aged 38 years; John, son of P. and 

E. Nicklas, died 1852, aged i year; Simon B., son 
of Geo. and Lydia Steman,died 1863, aged 2 years; 
David Steman, died 1893, aged 58 years; Catharine^ 
wife of Nicolas Steman, died 1877, aged 75 years; 
Nicolas Steman, died 1878, aged 76 years; Nicolas 
Steman, died 1896, aged 67 years; Mary G., daughter 
of J. and M. Shuman, died 1869, aged 5 years; Jacob,, 
son of H. B. and E. Strohm, died 1878, aged 5 years;. 
Catharine, wife of J. Strohm, died 1888, aged 85 years ;; 
H. B. Strohm, Co. F, 159th O. V. L; Lydia, daughter 
of E. and H. Strohm, died 1892, aged 28 years ; Sam- 
uel, son of E. and H. Strohm, died 1899, aged 32 years ; 
infant son of Amor and Leah Smith, died 1887; Mar- 
tha, wife of Henry Steman, died 1900, aged 75 years; 

30 H M T 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


infant daughter of G. G. and M. J. Vandemark, died 


Powell GntveyAfd. 

trOcated near Brice. on Section No. 25. Truro Township. 

Ruth, wife of Joe Alspach, died 1879, ^t^^^ 33 
years; John Bish, died 1864, aged 36 years; Clarina 
A., wife of John Bish, died 1867, aged 38 years; Ger- 
tie A., daughter of L. and S. Conkile, died 1864, aged 
I year; Malinda A., wife of Ira L. Courtright, died 
1849, 3ig^^ 30 years; Catherine, wife of John Dovel, 
died 1878, aged 91 years; Daisy D., daughter of A. P. 
and T. A. Frame, died 1877, ^g^^ 5 years; Clarisa A., 
daughter of H. and C. Geese, died 1858, aged 16 days; 
Clarisa E., daughter of Alford and Rachel M. Gray, 
died 1862, aged 16 years ; William A., son of Joseph 
A. and Sarah A. Gray, died 1868, aged 4 months; 
James McClure, died 1889, aged 60 years ; Minnie E., 
daughter of Wm. V. and Elizabeth Ogbom, died 1874, 
aged 4 years; Joseph Powell, died 1863, aged 76 
years; Archibald Powell, died 1868, aged 83 years; 
Lucinda T., wife of J. B. Powell, died 1870, aged 28 
years ; Nancy O., daughter of G. and N. Powell, died 
1857, 2ig^ed I year; infant daughter of J. and E. H. 
Powell, died 1847 * Lovina J., daughter of W. E. and 
M. A. Peterman, died 1876, aged 33 years ; John Swan- 
ger, died 1862, aged 52 years; Lily F., daughter of 
W. M. and M. A. Swanger, died 1878, aged 2 years; 
Rebecca, wife of George Stevenson, died 1857, aged 
65 years; Rena A., daughter of O. F. and R. M. 
Sprague, died 1863, aged i year; Matilda, wife of 
Wm. Whimer, died 1873, aged 65 years. 


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Rafey Gntveyard* 

Located on Rachel Rarey's land, in Section No. 4. 

Chas. W. H., son of James W. and Ann Durant, 
died 1841, aged ii months; Juliette I., daughter of E. 
H. and E. M. Finch, died 1851, aged 3 years; Allie, 
daughter of E. and A. Gares, died 1866, aged 7 years ; 
Amanda, wife of Edmund Gares, died 1866, aged 34 
years ; infant son of Casper and Synthea Limpert, died 
1843; Laypole Rarey, son of Chas. and Mary, died 
i860, aged 42 years; Willis L., son of Laypole and 
Mary Rarey, died i860, aged 2 years; Francis Ma- 
rion, son of Nicolas and Sarah Rarey, died 1848, aged 
I year; Parker Rarey, died 1870, aged 76 years; Sa- 
rah Rarey, died 1875, aged 76 years; Carrington H. 
Rarey, died 1879, ^g^^ 39 years; Caroline L. Rarey, 
died 1877, aged 34 years; Gamaliel Rarey, died 1891, 
aged 63 years; Rev. Chas. Rarey, died 1847, ^g^^ 63 
years ; Mary, wife of Chas. Rarey, died 1868, aged 75 
years; Wm. Rarey, died 1848, aged 49 years; Rachel, 
wife of Wm. Rarey, died 1894, aged 88 years ; Sarah 
M., daughter of Parker and Sarah Rarey, died 1837, 
aged 10 years ; Edmund, son of Benjamin and Mary 
Rarey, died 1826, aged 3 years ; Servitue, son of Ben- 
jamin and Mary Rarey, died 1855, aged 17 years; 
Elizabeth, daughter of Chas. and Mary Rarey, died 
1826, aged 5 years; Sarah E., daughter of Chas. and 
Mary Rarey, died 1851, aged 17 years; Laura Ann, 
daughter of Laypole and Mary Rarey, died 1815, aged 
I year; Parker Rarey, died 1853, aged 35 years; Ben- 
jamin Rarey, died 1841, aged 51 years; Chas. Rarey, 
aied 1826, aged 82 years ; Margaret Rarey, died 1839, 
aged 74 years ; Rev. John F. Solomon died 1848, aged 
63 years ; Christena, wife of Rev. J. F. Solomon, died 


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i860, aged 75 years; Alexander Scott, died 1867, aged 

36 years. 

Stevduon Graveyaidi 

Located on B. P. Bowmiin's land, in Section No. 11. 

Hannah, wife of Uzzie Nickerson, died 1835, aged 
41 years ; Elizabeth, consort of Wm. Purdy, died 1835, 
aged 38 years; Rebeccah Richard Dirrick, daughter 
of J. and M. Stevenson, died 1816, aged 27 years ; Ma- 
tilda Ann, daughter of Peter and Hannah Stevenson, 
died 1832, aged 7 years; William, son of R. and R. 
Stevenson, died 1848, aged 19 years; John W., son 
of James Q. and Rachel Stevenson, died 1844, aged ^ 
years; Richard Stevenson, died 1875, aged 55 years; 
Joshua, son of J. and M. Stevenson, died 1856, aged 
52 years; John Stevenson, died September 11, 185 1, 
aged J2 years; Mary, wife of John Stevenson, died 
September 4, 1851. 

Tfufo Graveyard. 
Located on C. M. Chittenden's land, in Section No. 3. 


Archibald K. Baldwin, died 1834, aged 21 years; 
Peter Brown, died 1844, aged 50 years ; Hezekiah E., 
son of L. and L. Boyer, died 1877, aged 2 years ; Geo. 
W., son of G. and Jane Barrett, died 1852, aged 7 
months; Thomas Baker, died 1849, aged 50 years; 
Littleton G., son of Thos. and Elizabeth Baker, died 
1843, aged 22 years ; Chas. W., son of G. T. and C. E. 
Ball, died 185 1, aged 3 years. 

Franklin B. Chester, died 1845, aged 47 years ; Mary 
Ann Chester, died 1853, aged 51 years; Elias Chester, 
Sr., died 1850, aged 'jj years; Hannah, wife of Elias 


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Chester, died 1853, ^g^^ 80 years ; N. Horatio Nelson, 
son of S. Chester, died 1828, aged 23 years ; Ann, wife 
of Samuel Codner, died 1832 (age not given) ; Oliver 
Codner, died 1862, aged 61 years ; Daniel Caslow, died 

1853, aged 32 years; John Courtright, died 1848, aged 
85 years ; Esther, wife of John Courtright, died 1832, 
aged 48 years; Esther, daughter of John and Esther 
Cambridge, died 1844, aged 29 years; Matthew Chain, 
died 1838, aged 30 years; Calista, wife of James Car- 
son, died 1865, aged 57 years; James Carson, died 

1854, aged 58 years; Ethel Hope, daughter of W. L. 
and M. Carson, died 1870, aged 2 years ; Oswy Floy, 
son of S. and M. E. Carson, died 1869, aged i year; 
Jefferson Cryder, died 1839, aged 37 years. 


Florie N., daughter of J. and M. R. Denton, died 
1862, aged 13 days. 


Peter Epley, died 1894, aged 72 years; Wm. I., 
son of James and Cracy Evans, died 1846, aged 6 
years; Isaac Evans, died 1847, ^g^d^ 57 years; Sarah 
Easterday, died 1827, aged 37 years. 

Abraham S., son of J. and A. Forsman, died 1852, 
aged 22 years ; Robt. S. Forsman, died 1858, aged 67 
years; Martha, wife of R. S. Forsman, died 1856, 
aged 67 years. 


Belinda, wife of Gilbert Green, died 1835, ^g^^ 26 
years (daughter of Aaron and Mary Harrison) ; Robt., 
son of Gilbert and Susanah Green, died 1835, aged 


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2 months; Gilbert Green, died 1878, aged 73 years; 
Susan Green, died 1886, aged JJ years ; Wm. Henry 
Green, died 1868, aged 38 years ; Aaron Harrison, son 
of W. H. and J. B. Green, died 1863, aged 2 years ; Lit- 
tleton Gray, died 1838, aged 69 years ; Thomas Gray, 
died 1863, aged 62 years ; Mary, wife of Thomas Gray, 
died 1832, aged 22 years; Julian Ann, wife of Thos. 
Gray, died 1856, aged 41 years. 


Matilda, wife of Wm. Hanna, died 1874, aged 76 
years ; Wm. Hanna, died 1857, aged 62 years. 


Susannah, wife of Thomas Johnson, died 1836, aged 
48 years; Thomas Johnson, died 1839, 2i&^^ 79 years. 


Lewis, son of F. and H. H. Keissell, died 1852,. 
aged 8 months; Jane P., wife of G. W. Kalb, died 
1876, aged 64 years; Alice M., wife of M. E. Kalb, 
died 1878, aged 40 years ; Margaret, wife of Geo. W. 
Kalb, died 1853, aged 47 years ; Hannah K., daughter 
of Walter and Drucilla Knapp, died 1848, aged 12 
years ; Chas. Eugene, son of J. W. and H. Kissell, died 
1853, aged 9 months. 


Nancy Leonard, died 1833, aged 55 years; Isaac 
Leonard, Esq., died 1833, aged 80 years ; John, son of 
A. and S. Lockwood, died 1845, ^^^^ 7 years, James 
Long, died 1843, ^g^d 30 years ; Robt. A. Long, died 
1845, 2i&e^ 24 years ; John Long, died 1844, aged 60 
years ; Harriet, daughter of John and Elizabeth Long, 


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died 1826, aged 8 years; John A., son of John W. and 
Leah Long, died 1842, aged i year; infant daughter 
of Edward and Catherine Long, died 1848. 


Eli Miller, died 1856, aged 48 years; Sopha Miller, 
died 1852, aged 36 years; Sarah S., wife of Eli Miller, 
died 185 1, aged 36 years; David T., son of Eli and 
Sopha Miller, died 1851, aged 5 years; Sarah, wife of 
Joseph Mason, died 183 1, aged 33 years ; infant daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Lucinda Mason, died 1832 ; Lucretia 
H., wife of Jonathan McComb, died 1847, ^g^d 56 
years; Rebecca A., wife of Wm. McComb, died 1848, 
86 years; Wm. McComb, died 1835, ^g^^ 78 years; 
Elizabeth, wife of C- E. McComb, died 1854, aged 19 
years; Cyrus E. McComb, died 1872, aged 41 years; 
Martha Louisa, daughter of Dennis and Emilia Mc- 
Claskey, died 1843, ^g^^ i year; Ellery S. Merriss, 
M. D., died 1857, aged 29 years; Wm., son of E. S. 
and H. P. Merriss, died 1857, aged i year; Christena, 
wife of Solomon Mason, died 1850, aged 32 years; 
Wm. Mason, died 1845, aged 53 years. 


Jane, wife of John C. Needels, died 1846, aged 28 
years; Andrew, son of Elias and Huldah C. Ogden, 
died 183 1, aged 12 years. 


Jane, wife of Wm. Patterson, died 182 1, aged 40 
years; Wm. Patterson, died 1846, aged 71 years; 
Mary, wife of John Patterson, died 1834, aged 35 years ; 
Levi Lewis, son of Thos. and Maryandy Patterson, 
died 1832, aged 3 years; Sarah, daughter of Wm. and 


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Mary Patterson, died 1828, aged 2 years ; John Paul, 
died 1879, ^^d 64 years ; Eliza, wife of John Paul, 
died 1846, aged 32 years; Olive, daughter of J. and 
H. Paul, died 1872, aged 19 years; Zachariah Paul, 
died 1859, aged 75 years; Sarah, wife of Zachariah 
Paul, died 1841, aged 46 years. 

Sarah Ann Richards, died 1847, ^g^^ 7 years. 

Pheba, wife of Moses Starr, died 1844, aged 54 
years; Moses, son of John and Rachel Starr, died 1835, 
^ged 55 years; John Sharp, Jr., died 1849, aged 23 
years; Ansen Sprague, died 1856, aged 75 years; 
Austin E. Sprague, died 1830, aged 27 years; Freder- 
ick Sprague, died 1839, aged 76 years; Fredrick J., 
son of Jacob and Mary M. Sprague, died 1841, aged i 
year; Wm. Shield, died 1830, aged 43 years; Abra- 
ham Swisher, died 1856, aged 73 years ; Margaret, wife 
of Abraham Swisher, died 1862, aged 85 years; John 
Swisher, died 1877, aged 70 years; Lydia, wife of 
Isaac Swisher, died 1845, ^Red 35 years; Elizabeth, 

wife of Samuel Sharp, died 1845, aged ; John 

Sweetser, died 1834, aged 41 years; Mary C, wife of 
J. L. Spencer, died 1863, aged 25 years; Mary S. Sud- 
dick, died 1874, aged 82 years ; Sarah Jane Sackrider, 
died 1844, aged 2 months; Louisa C, wife of Rev. J. 
D. Smith, died 1846, aged 24 years ; Susan W., wife of 
Rev. J. D. Smith, died 1848, aged 22 years; Edward 
Hynes, son of Rev. J. D. and L. C. Smith, died 1846, 
aged 8 months ;. John Vinton, son of S. and E. Sharp, 
died 1848, aged 13 years; John Stambaugh, died i860, 


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aged 63 years ; Elizabeth, wife of John Stambaugh, 
died 1861, aged 60 years; Isaac R. Stambaugh, died 
1863, aged 28 years ; Balser Shultz, died 1832, aged 
60 years ; Hanna A., daughter of Solomon and Lovina 
Shultz, died 1844, aged 9 years ; Joseph Roof, son of 
John and Jane P. Sharp, died 185 1, aged 4 years. 


John Turner, died 1827. aged 51 years; Washington 
Turner, died 1840, aged 29 years ; Ellis, wife of Joseph 
Turner, died 1839, aged 52 years; Jean, wife of John 
M. Thompson, died 1824, aged 25 years; Fannie J., 
daughter of J. H. and W. Thompson, died 1861, aged 
7 months; Robert Taylor, died 1828, aged 69 years; 
Mehetabel Taylor, died 1857, aged 92 years ; Margaret 

C, wife of A. V. Taylor, died 1838, aged 44 years; A. 
V. Taylor, died 1853, aged 70 years; infant son of 
Abiathan and Margaret Taylor, died 1824; Margaret 
R. Taylor, died 1836, aged 25 years ; John M. Taylor, 
died 1856, aged 26 years; Herbert Fletcher, aged 3 
years, and Mary Ellen, aged i year, children of P. W. 
and F. S. Taylor, died 185 1 ; Nancy J., daughter of 

D. and M. R. Taylor, died , aged 7 months ; Nancy 

P. Taylor, died 1881, aged 22 years. 


Infant daughter of Zadok and C. Vesey, died 1848 ; 
Catherine, wife of Z. Vesey, died 1878, aged 62 years. 


Ruth, wife of Silas Whitehead, died 1840, aged 76 
years ; John Wood, died June 12, 1878, aged 66 years ; 
Elizabeth, wife of John Wood, died August 22, 1878. 




aged 53 years; inscription on above tombstone, "Lx)ved 
in life, in death not divided." Martha A., wife of Rob- 
ert Wood, died 1863, aged 24 years; John V., son of 
Samuel and M. L. Ward, died 1853, aged 2 years; 
George T. Wheeler, died 1874, aged 86 years ; Anna, 
wife of Geo. T. Wheeler, died 1876, aged 83 years; 
Josiah S. D., son of G. and A. Wheeler, died 1845, aged 
21 years; George T., son of G. and A. Wheeler, died 
1876, aged II months; Levi Wilson, died 1843, aged 
82 years. 

Ttfliiiig Gfavcyafd. 

Located on C. R. McGuffey's land, in Section No. 23. 

George, son of Jacob and Elizabeth Rush, died 
1827, aged 8 years; Wm. Henry Counkle, died 1846, 
aged I year; Margaret, wife of George Cramer, died 
1830, aged 36 years; Peter Miller, died 1845, aged 
99 years ; John H., son of Geo. B. and Mary A. Myers,, 
died 1866, aged 5 years; Gabriel Leavel, died 1841^ 
aged 2^ years ; Mary J., daughter of Gabriel and Mary 
Leavel, died 1842, aged 2 years; Elizabeth, Rower,. 
died 1846, aged 56 years; Mahala Rower, died 1858,. 
aged 18 years; Geo. W. Sims, died 1844, aged 49 
years : Judah, wife of Geo. W. Sims, died 1845, aged 
48 years; James L. Sims, died 185 1, aged 29 years; 
Geo. A. Sims, son of Geo. W. and Judith A. Sims, died 
1849, aged 18 years; Asenath, daughter of Geo. W. 
and J. A. Sims, died 1842, aged 16 years; Elizabeth, 
wife of Wm. Strickley, died 1845, aged 36 years; 
Henry, son of Nicholas and A. Tusing, died 1831,. 
aged I year. 

Union Grove Cemetery. 

The Union Grove Cemetry Association of Mad- 
ison Township is organized under the general laws 


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of the State, passed February 24, 1878, providing for 
the incorporation of cemetery associations. 

Prior to the organization of this association the 
burials about Winchester were made in the Lutheran 
and Reformed graveyard, although it was recognized 
as an unsuitable place of interment. During the wet 
seasons it was often necessary for some one to dip the 
water from the grave even up to the time when the 
funeral cortege entered the gate to the grounds. No 
particular person other than the Trustees had charge 
of the grounds, but when a death occurred neighbors 
would volunteer to dig the grave. At the Annual 
Joint Meetings of the two congregations, when the 
election of Trustees for the old graveyard came up, 
would also come up for consideration "under drainage 
of the old'' or the "establishment of a new burial' 
place." and on several occasions the Trustees were in- 
structed to call a meeting of the citizens to consider 
the selection of a more suitable site. Finally a meeting^ 
for the purpose of forming an association was held in 
the Public Reading Rooms at Canal Winchester, on 
the evening of November 19, 1877, at which the fol- 
lowing citizens were present, viz : James H. Sommer- 
ville, Philip Game, Oliver P. Chaney, Peter E. Ehem- 
hart, James B. Evans, Elisha K. Decker, Michal E. 
Schrock, John S. Lehman, Chas. P. Rees, Martin-C. 
Whitehurst, Christian Cayman, J. Kidwell Miller, and 
Rev. Jas. Heffly. After adopting the articles of in- 
corporation the following persons were elected to se^:ve 
as Trustees for one year, viz: E. B. Decker, O. P. 
Chaney, Philip Game, P. E. Ehrenhart and J. S. Leh- 
man, and at the meeting of the Trustees held on Dec- 
ember, 4th, the following organization was effected: 
Philip Game, President ; Rev. James Heffly, Secretary ; 


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and E. B. Decker, Treasurer. The cemetry consists 
of thirteen acres and was purchased April 5, 1878 
from Nathaniel Tallman for two thousand dollars. 
On August 14, 1888 the Trustees purchased the tract 
in the northeast corner, that Mr. Tallman had re- 
served in the former purchase, and known as the 
Hughes graveyard, paying therefore one hundred dol- 
lars. The grounds are admirably located and adapted 
for the purpose and were platted by the late John H. 
Speilman during the summer of 1878, and on the 6th 
day of September of the same year were dedicated with 
appropriate ceremonies. A residence for the use of 
the Superintendent was erected on the grounds in 
the spring of 1879. 

The Superintendent's have been : John Deitz, Feb- 
ruary 4, 1879 to February 1884; J. A. Crabbs, Febru- 
ary 1884 to February 1888; Stephen Boyd, February 
1888 to February 1898; Oscar E. Taylor, February 
1898 to September 1900: Geo. H. Zwayer, September 
1900 to June 15, 1901 ; since which time Stephen Boyd 
is serving. The Secretaries of the association have 
been : James Heffly, from the organization to Janu- 
ary 1888; Philip Game, January 14, 1888 to April 
1890; Al. F. Crayton. April i, 1890 to June 1891 ; S. 
E. Bailey, June 6, 1891 to May 1895; since May 7, 
1895 J. K. Miller has served. 

The Trustees and date of election have been : John 
S. Lehman, 1877, 1885, 1888; Philip Game, 1877, 1879, 
1881, 1891 ,1893, 1895; Elisha H. Decker, 1877, 1879; 
Peter E. Ehrenhart, 1877, 1879, 1884; Oliver P. 
Chancy, 1877, 1880; George Loucks, 1879; John Rohr 
Jr., 1879, 1880; John Helpman, 1880, 1882; James P. 
Kalb, 1881, 1883; John Brenner, 1881, 1883 1892, 
1894, 1896; Irwin E. Stevenson, 1882; George Powell, 




1883, 1886, 1891, 1893; James P. Kramer, 1884; John- 
Nicodemus, 1885, 1887, 1889; William Leidy, 1885; 
Jacob Bott, 1886, 1896; John A. Whitzel, 1886, 1887; 
Robert Thrush, 1887; John H. Deitz, 1888, 1890, 1892, 
1894; George L. Hendren, 1889; Erwin Moore, 1889; 

5. H. Tallman, 1890; George Delong^ 1891 ; Albert 
Bachman, 1893, 1895, 1897, 1898-1902; J. K. Miller, 
1895, 1897, 1898-1902; R. J. Tussing, 1897, 1898; 
Robert W. Bolenbaugh, 1898-1902; William M. Game, 
1899-1902; Philip Weber, 1901, 1902. 

Btiriali in Union Grove Cemetety, 

Those followed by an "R'* were removed from 
other burying grounds as well as all others who lied 
previous to 1878. 

The first burial was Mrs. Philip C. Tussing, June 

6, 1878. 


Mitchell Allen, died 1868, aged 48 years; Eliza- 
beth, wife of M. Allen, died 1873, ^S^^ 4^ years; Jane 
Allen, died 1853, aged 67 years; Susan Ashley, died 
1886, aged 65 years; Henry Arnold, died 1886, aged 
70 years; Mrs. Kate Dowdall Alwine, died 1890, aged 
25 years; Simeon H. Arendt, died 1890, aged 67 

years; Robert G. AJspach, died 1891, aged ; 

Henry Anders, died 1892, aged 74 years; Edwin V. 
Adell, died 1893, aged 36 years ; Joshua Alspach, died 
T895, aged 71 years; Winfield Scott Alspach, died 
1897, aged 45 years ; William Allen, died 1898, aged 87 
years; Hannah Alspach, died 1898, aged 92 years r 
Rachel, wife of Elijah Alspach, died 1899, aged 76 
years ; Benjamin A. Alspach, died 1899, aged 75 years ; 
Amos Alspach, died 1899, aged 55 years; Frederica, 
wife of Anders, died 1899, aged 78 years; 


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Lucy, wife of Henry Arnold, died 1900, aged JJ years ; 
Rachel P. Arendt, died 1901, aged 76 years; Elijah 
Alspach, died 1901, aged 78 years; John Alspach, died 
1893, aged 104 years; John A. Armpreister, died 1893, 
aged 92 years; Mrs. Mary Algire, died 1901, aged 70 
years; Eliza Xnnpreister, died 1901, aged 91 years. 

Matsy Ann Bunch, died 1899, ^Z^^ 5^ years; Effie 
H., wife of Grant S. Bamhart, died 1899, ^Z^^ 3^ 
years; Henry S. Binkley, died 1899, aged 73 years; 
Reuben Bott, died 1893, aged 60 years; Sarah, wife of 
Absalom Bowman, died 1895, aged 52 years; Eliza- 
beth, wife of John Boyd, died 1874, aged 64 years; 
John Boyd, died 1891. aged 78 years; Susan G., wife 
of Daniel Bolenbaugh, died 1899, aged 74 years; 
Sarah, wife of Andrew Burnside, died 1899, aged 52 

years ; Tessa A., daughter of David and Boyer, 

died 1899, ^%^^ 30 years; Rachel M., wife of Jacob 
Bott, died 1899, aged 61 years; Daniel Bolenbaugh, 
died 1888, aged 62 years; Jefferson L. Bye, died 1889, 
aged 32 years; Charles D. Blake, died 1890, aged 37 
years: Jacob Bachmans, died 1889, aged 58 years; Ja- 
cob L. Bowman, died 1890, aged 46 years ; Libby, wife 
of Thomas Bailey, died 1890, aged 33 years; Rev. C. 
W. Bostwick, died 1891, aged 44 years; Susan, wife of 
Christian Bickel, died 1891, aged 62 years; Vinton, 
son of Daniel and Susan Bolenbaugh, died 1892 aged 
25 years; Amos Beery, died 1895, aged 70 years; 
William Badger, died 1898, aged 64 years ; Homer, scm 
of William and Sarah Boyd, died 1898, aged 31 years; 
M. V. Blanch, son of Daniel and M. R. Bergtresser, 
died 1887, aged 28 years; Augustus Bruns, died 1887, 
age 76 years: Absalom Bowman, died 1885, aged 45 


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years; Milton, son of John and Betsy Boyd, died 1881, 
aged 32 years; Edward D. Brenner, died 1879, aged 

29 years ; John F., son of Joseph and Burgoon, 

died 1879, aged 8 years; Daniel Bergtresser, died 1876, 
aged 66 years ; Dr. Geo. W. Blake,, died 1877, aged 
54 years; Mary M. Bigerton, died 1899, ^g^<i 18 days; 
David Boyer, died 1900, aged 70 years; John J. Beals, 
died 1900. aged 47 years ; George Barnhart, died 1900, 
aged 67 years; Mrs. Mary Brown, died 1900, aged 
92 years: George M. Barnhart, died 1901, aged 32 
years; Benjamin Boyd, died June 15, 1833, aged 55 
years; Mary, wife of Benjamin Boyd, died June 22, 
1833, aged 50 years; Isaac, son of B. and M. Boyd, 
died June 26, 1833, aged 5 years; Sarah, daughter of 
B. and M. Boyd, died June 27, 1833, aged 3 years; 
Elizabeth, daughter of B. and M. Boyd, died 1835, 
aged 17 years; Mrs. Martha E. Bachman, died 1901, 
aged 39 vears. 


Edward K. Chaney, died 1875, aged 48 years; 
Clinton C. Chaney, son of E. K. and Eliza Chaney, 
died 1879, aged 8 years; Richard Thos. Cromwell, 
died 1882, aged 42 years; Anna, wife of Peter Casl- 
low, died 1880, aged 58 years; Peter Caslow, died 
1885, aged 71 years; Wm. H. Cater, died 1888, aged 
48 years; Geo. W. Cohagan, died 1894, aged 76 years; 
James L. Chaney, died 1896, aged 78 years; Daniel 
Crouse, R, died 1882, aged 61 years; Wm. Crouse, R, 
died 1879, aged 7 years; Wm. H. Cole, died 1901, 

aged ; Diana, wife of Jacob Carty, died 1874, 

aged 58 years; Samuel Carty, died 1875, aged 38 
years; Jacob Carty, died 1897, aged 92 years; John 
Cross, died 1842, aged 63 years; Jesse Colman, died 


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1901, aged 26 years; Elizabeth Conway, died 1901, 
aged 61 years. 


Reubea Dove, died 1857, ^S^^ 5^ years; Elisha B. 
Decker, died 1879, aged 61 years; Calvin Dibble, died 
1883, aged 73 years; George, son of Samuel and Eli- 
zabeth Deitz, died 1892, aged 27 years; Daniel Dil- 
dine, died 1897, aged 68 years ; Henry Donaldson, died 

; I. L. (Fay) Decker, died 1898, aged 78 years; 

Xevin L. Ehinlap, died 1900, aged 2 years; Leroy S. 
Dibble, died 1900, aged 63 years; Catherine, wife of 
James K. Dill, died 1901, aged 58 years; Mary P. 
Davis, died 1900, aged 25 years; Ethel Davis, died 

1 90 1, aged 6 years ; Jacob Dauterman, died ; aged 

; Sarah E, wife of E. B. Decker, died 1863, 

aged 41 years ; E. P. Dildine, died 1901, aged 37 years ; 
Mrs. Sarah Dunlap, died 1901, aged 76 years; Sam- 
uel Deitz, died 1901, aged 85 years. 


Wm. E., son of John and Sallie Ehrenhart, died 
1879, aged I year; Henry J. Epley, died 1887, aged 
74 years; Elizabeth, wife of H. J. Epley, died 1888, 

aged 70 years; Henry J., son of Charles and 

Epley, died 1895, aged 13 years; Hannah Epley, died 
1890, aged 70 years; Christina, wife of James B. 
Evans, died 1870, aged 57 years; Peter E. Ehrenhart, 
died 1888, aged 75 years. 


Lizzie W. Fall, died 1879, aged 13 years; Wm. 
Fisher, died 1881, aged 44 years; Williametta, daugh- 
ter of Wm. and Lx>uisa T. Fenstermaker, died 1883, 
aged 10 years ; Darias Fenstermaker, died 1886, aged 


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29 years; Jesse R. Feustemiaker, died 1891, aged 21 
years; Elizabeth Ferrel, died 1886, aged 30 years; 
Ruth W., wife of John A. Fouble, died 1887, aged 
68 years; John A. Fouble, died 1891, aged 80 years; 
Zachariah Fowler, died 1889, aged 56 years; EUe- 
nora Finch, died 1896, aged 78 years; Arthur, son of 

Geo. W. and From, died 1897, ^g^^ 19 years ; 

Evaline Fancher, died 1897, aged 72 years; Mrs. Ivy 
Ford, died 1898, aged 22 years; Jerome Fisher, died 
1898, aged 44 years; Harry Fowler, died 1900, aged 
14 years; Wm. Fry, died 1854, aged 39 years; Pheba, 
wife of Wm. Fry, died 1850, aged 30 years. 

John Gehm, died 1890, aged 56 years; Mary, wife 
of John Gehm, died 1865, aged 28 years ; Henry Game, 
died 1851, aged 44 years; Philipena, wife of Henry 
Game, died 1848, aged 41 years; Henry Game Jr. 
died 1864, aged 21 years; Wm. Stanley, son of Philip 
and Emma Game, died 1881, aged 10 years; John W. 
Griffith, died 1887, aged 40 years; Wm. Goodwin, 
died 1892, aged 44 years; Daniel Gayman, died 1898, 
aged 77 years; Cyrus D. Guisinger, died 1899, aged 
75 years; Catharine, wife of Daniel Gayman, died 
1888, aged 65 years ; Mary A. Gayman, died 1885, aged 
28 years ; Christian Gayman, died 1896, aged 68 years ; 
Simon CJayman, died 1865, aged 9 years ; A. E. Gay- 
man, died , aged ; Edwin Gayman, died , 

aged — ' ; Philip Game, died 1902, aged 65 years ; 

>Mrs. Sarah Guthrie, died 1901, aged 84 years. 


Benjamin F. Hische, died 1878, aged 28 years; 
Harry U., son of Rev. James and A. V. Heffly, died 

81 H M T 

Digitized by VjOOQK 


1865, aged 2 years; Leah Howard, died 1863, aged 20 

years ; Adam Turner Hendren, died , aged ; 

Thos. C. Hendren, died 1870, aged 64 years; John 
Holbert, died 1864, aged 48 years; Rebecca Holbert, 
died 1884, aged 72 years; Rev. Austin Henry, died 
1885, aged 40 years ; (removed to Tiffin, Ohio, Novem- 
ber, 1896.) Margaret Hastings, died 1885, aged 67 
years; Martha Hanson, died 1885, aged 79 years; 
George Himrod, died 1887, aged 78 years; Esther 
Himrod, died 1887, aged 76 years; Ellen E., wife of 
Wm. H. Hische, died 1888, aged 38 years ; Harvey D. 
Harris, died 1889, aged 61 years; John Helpman, died 
1883, aged 70 years; Sarah Helpman, died 1894, aged 
77 years ; Henry Herbst, died 1889, aged 67 years ; Wm. 
P. Havely, died 1895, aged 43 years ; James D. Helser, 
died 1892, aged 19 years; Samuel Hempy, died 1897, 
aged 80 years ; Lewis, son of J. W. and Mary Hische, 
died 1899, aged 45 years ; William Helpman, died 1899, 
aged 65 years; Mrs. Delilah Hicks, died 1899, aged 
56 years; Eliza O., wife of A. Hathaway, died 1899, 
aged 80 years; Chas. O. Hische, died 1900, aged 40 
years ; Mrs. Anna V. Herbst, died 1901, aged 44 years ; 
Wesley Harmon, died 1901, aged 70 years; Cath- 
arine Herman, died 1900, aged 84 years; Almanzor 
Hathaway, died 1888, aged 82 years; Julius W. 
Hische, died. 1883 aged 59 years; Mrs. Ephrain Hel- 
ser, died 1902, aged 52 years. 


Samuel Edwin Jay, died 1880, aged 39 years; J. R. 
Justice, died 1898, aged 81 years; Abraham Jobes, 
died 1898, aged 74 years. 


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Joshua Kelsey, died 1861, aged 73 years; Chris- 
topher Kramer, died 1878, aged 59 years; Aner 
Kramer died 1881, aged 80 yejirs; Geo. W. Kalb, died 
1882, aged 80 years; John Kissell, died 1883, aged 
62 years; Jeremiah Kalb, died 1891, aged 80 years; 
Mrs. Chas. J. Krumm, died 1891, aged 62 years; 
Hannah, wife of John Kramer, died 1890, aged 79 
years; John (Uncle Johnie) Kramer, died 1891, aged 
82 years ; Mrs. Ellen King, died 1899, aged 61 years ; 
Elizabeth Kramer, died 1890, aged 81 years; David 
Kramer, died 1859, ^iged 54 years; John W. Kile, 
died 1894, aged 59 years; John Kramer, died 1853, 
aged 71 years; Catharine, wife of John Kramer, died 
1873, aged 86 years; Peter Kramer, died 1835, aged 
22 years. 


William Leight, died 1879, aged 68 years; Elijah 
Loucks, died 1865, aged 22 years; Samuel Loucks, 

died 1862, aged ; Wm. Line, died 1850, aged 27 

years; Rachel Line, died 1848, aged 23 years; W. V. 
Landon, died 1890, aged 32 years; Irene Ann, wife 
of Geo. Leady, died 1879, aged 37 years; William 
Leidy, died 1898, aged 74 years; Noah Looker, died 

1899, ^g^<^ 66 years ; Aner L., wife of John S. Lehman, 
died 1899, aged 60 years; Sarah M., wife of Solomon 
S. Lehman, died 1899, ^g^^ 48 years; Mrs. Caroline 
Looker, died 1899, aged ; Neil B. Loucks, died 

1900, aged I year; Julia Lyons, died 1900, aged 73 
years ; Mary Lohr, died 1901, aged 41 years. 


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Winfield G., son of Wm. P. and Mary Miller, 
died 1853, 2tged i year; Flora, daughter of J. K. and 
Emma Miller, died 1878, aged i year; Elihue Mc- 
Cracken, died 1844, aged 69 years ; Mary McCracken, 
died 1862, aged 92 years; Elihu McCracken, died 1874, 
aged 62 years ; Rebecca McCracken, died 1878, aged 59 
years; John Miller, died 1880, aged 65 years; John 
B. Moore, died 1857, aged 54 years ; Samuel P. Moore, 
died 1863, aged 24 years; George Moore, died 1850, 
aged 39 years; Abaline Moore, died 1876, aged 36 
years; Garrett W. Miller, died 1888, aged 57 years; 
Anthony W. Morton, died 1879, aged 51 years; Sam- 
uel B. McFadden, died 1882, aged 46 years; Lizzie, 
daughter of Jacob and Samantha Moore, died 1888, 
aged 19 years; Elizabeth Morton died 1890, aged 90 

years ; Oscar E., son of Rev. W. R. and Miller, 

died 1893, aged 40 years; Rev. Wm. R. Miller, died 
189s, aged 79 years; Matsy A. Medford, died 1896, 

aged 72 years ; Harley, son of Joshua and Ma- 

thias, died 1897, aged 9 years; Lena, wife of James 
McKelvey, died 1898, aged -» — ; Samantha, wife of 
Jacob Moore, died 1899, aged 64 years; Amos Med- 
ford, died 1899, aged 52 years; infant of Robert. A. 
McClure, died 1899; Charlotte E. Morton, died 1899, 
aged 36 years; Mary J. Morton, died 1899, aged 54 
years; Floyd Motz, died 1900, aged 2 years; Thcxnas 
E. Mathias, died 1901, aged 20 years; Martin Mur- 
phy, died at Traction Company Camp 1901, aged ; 

Sarah A. Miller, died 1901, aged 79 years. 

Abraham Nongenecker, died 1857, ^iged 6 y6ars. 


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Hallet Qianey, son of Wm. G. and Maud Ochs, 
died 1890, aged i year; Minerva J. dinger, died 1880, 
aged 38 years. 


Eleanor Pike, died 1873, aged 78 years ; Jarvis W. 
Pike, died 1854, aged 59 years ; Dr. Joseph B. Potter, 
died 1887, aged 70 years; Minerva J., wife of James 
Pickering, died 1885, aged 45 years; Joseph Painter, 
died 1892, aged 79 years; George Powell, died 1896, 
aged 58 years; J. A. Peters, died 1898, aged 42 years; 
Tillman N. Palsgrove, died 1899, ^S^^ 5 years ; Floris 
Peters, died 1899, ^iged i year; Florence E. Peters, 
died 1901, aged 25 years; Clara J., wife of Franklin 
G. Pontius, died 1900, aged 53 years ; Florence E. Pe- 
ters, died 1901, aged 25 years; Wm. Purdy, died 1901, 
aged 72 years; Philip Pontius, died 1901, aged 61 


Elizabeth Ellen Runkle, died 1852, aged 30 years; 
Charles P. Rees, died 1893, aged 58 years; Geo. W. 
Ruse, died 1887, aged 55 years; Eliza Ann, wife of G. 
W. Ruse, died 1889, aged 51 years; Sophia Rossow, 
died 1892, aged 70 years ; Maggie C, wife of A. M. 
Rarey, died 1892, aged 44 years ; Martha H. Robert- 
son, died 1896, aged 48 years ; Frederic Rossow, died 
1898, aged 79 years; Jacob Rawn, R. died 1888, aged 
31 years; John Rohr, died 1900, aged 82 years; Nancy 
Riley, died 1846, aged 31 years. 


James H. Someryille, died 1879, aged 60 years; 
Christian Sarber, died 1848, aged 59 years ; Anna Sar- 


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ber, died 1846, aged 51 years; Leonard Sarber, i^itd 
1880, aged 61 years ; Jemima J. Sarber died 1880, aged 

65 years ; Walla J., daughter of Rev. J. W. and 

Sleeper, died 1882, aged 13 years; Charles W. Speaks, 
died 1884, aged 70 years; Harriet M. daughter of 
Chas. W. and Sarah Speaks, died 1890, aged 42 years; 
Edward M. Selby, died 1884, aged 39 years; Mary 
Ann, wife of John Sparr, died 1887, aged 31 years; 
George Shoemaker, died 1887, aged 87 years; John 
M. Schoch, died 1888, aged 76 years; Jane B., wife 
of John M. Schoch, died 1894, aged 69 years; John 
Shaffer, died 1888, aged 66 years; Mrs. Susan Scotts, 
died 1890, aged 47 years; Nannie A., wife of Wm. 
Schroch, died 1889, aged 47 years; Sarah Jane Scmier- 
ville, died 1891, aged 46 years; Ben. C Simms, died 
1 89 1, aged 63 years; Jesse Spitter, died 1892, aged 54 
years; Dortha Satchleben, died 1895, aged 56 years; 
John Stott, died 1895, aged 69 years; Adam Shaimer, 
died 1897, aged 70 years; Lida, wife of Frank M. 
Smith, died 1897, aged 23 years; Dr. Azro A. Shortt, 
died 1897, aged 73 years; Sarah Stevenson, daughter 

of Joshua and Mary Glanville, died 1835, aged ; 

Isaac Shoemaker, died 1881, aged 70 years; Henrietta, 
wife of Isaac Shoemaker, died 1877, aged 65 years; 
Susan, wife of George Shoemaker, died 1844, aged 36 
years; Frederick Slough, died 1846, aged 36 years; 
Mary Slough, died 1853, aged 41 years; Julia A., wife 
of Frank Shaffer, died 1899, aged 45 years; Evelyn 
Sommerville, died 1899, aged 45 years ; Elizabeth, wife 
of James H. Sommerville, died 1899, aged 73 years; 
Emanuel Sparr, died 1899, aged 79 years; Erwin E., 
son of Benjamin and Belinda Simms, died 1898, aged 
24 years; Wm. A. Shaffer, died 1899, ^ET^d 16 years; 


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Elizabeth Saunders, died 1899, aged 48 years; Kalita 
Sallee, died 1900, aged 86 years ; Joshua S. Stevenson, 
died 1900, aged 86 years; Sarah, wife of Adam 

Shaner, died 1900, aged ; Sarah, wife of James 

Sandy, died 1900, aged *J2^ years ; Olive S., wife of Dr. 

A. A. Shortt, died 1894, aged 70 years; Mrs. Mary 

B. Stevenson, died 1901, aged 80 years; Rev. J. W. 

Sleeper, died 1890, aged ; Wm. H. Speaks, died 

1901, aged 35 years; Alonzo Strode Jr., infant, died 


Phebe, wife of Philip Tussing, died June 4, 1878, 
aged 41 years; Margaret Tussing, died 1855, ^ig^^ 60 
years; Nicholas Tussing, died 1850, aged 71 years; 
Nathaniel Tallman, died 1888, aged 78 years; John F. 

Trost, died 1889, aged 63 years; , wife of 

John F. Trost, died 1897, aged 75 years; Susanah, 
wife of Reuben Trine, died 1890, aged 80 years ; Reu- 
ben Trine, di^d 1891, aged ; Robert Thrush, died 

1899, aged ; Archie E. M. W., son of James N. 

Tussing, died 1894, aged 8 years; Infant of P. M. and 
Marilla Teegardin, died 1898, Samuel Travis, died 

1900, aged 73 years; John R. Traves, died 1901, aged 
45 years; John Tallman, died 1857, ^Z^^ 69 years; 
Elizabeth, wife of John Tallman, died 1854, aged 62 
years; Catharine B., wife of Nathaniel Tallman, died 
1893, 2iged 73 years; Sarah, wife of Benjamin Tall- 
man, died 1836, aged 20 years; Mrs Luella Taylor, 
died 1901, aged 22 years; Henry Travis, died 1901, 
aged 74 years; Herbert Travis, died 1902, aged 22 


Malinda, wife of Jonathan Vought, died 1884, 
2iged 55 years ; Jacob W. Vandemark, died 1889, aged 


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48 years; Louisa E. Veth, died 1899, aged 21 years; 
Luther P. Veth, died 1900, aged 2 years. 

I W. 

John D. Walters, died 1886, aged 25 years; 
John Wright, died 1887, aged 82 years; Nancy 
Wright, died 1886, aged 71 years; Andrew Whims, 
died 1891, aged 73 years; Isaac B. Wright, 
died 1892, aged 45 years; Margaret, wife of 
Peter Weber, died 1879, aged 55 years; Peter Weber, 
died 1890, aged 67 years; Adam Weber, died 1897, 
aged 46 years; Philip E., son of Philip and Irene 
Weber, died 1897, aged 2 years; Geo. T. Wheeler, 
died 1898, aged 62 years; Gary D., son of M. C. and 
Delia Whitehurst, died 1898, aged 44 years; Daniel, 
son of Henry and Hannah Will, died 1898, aged 31 
years ; Mary A., wife of John Worrell, died 1899, aged 
66 years; Adam Warner, died 1899, aged 66 years; 
Lucy O., daughter of Henry and Hannah Will, died 
1877, aged 7 years; Percy M., son of M. J. and Al- 
mina Wolfe, died 1876, aged i year; John R. Wright; 
died 1 89 1, aged 78 years ; Deliah E. Wright, died 1883, 
aged 28 years ; Martin G. Whitehurst, died 1893, aged 
73 years; Wm. Wilson, died 1879, ^S^^ 26 years; 
Joseph Wright, died 1855, ^^^^ 74 years; Mary 
Wright, died 1866, aged 79 years; Susan, wife of John 
R. Wright, died 1855, aged 39 years; Martha E., wife 
of John R. Wright, died 1878, aged 58 years; Nettie, 
daughter of M. Winders, died 1881, aged 14 years; 
Margaret Whims, died 1900, aged 64 years; Maggie 
G., wife of Daniel Wright, died 1900, aged 51 years; 
Louisa, wife of Gharles Weber, died 1900, aged 63 
years; Adam M. Wemert, died 1899, aged 2 years; 
Henry Wemert, died 1900, aged 78 years; Adam 


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D., son of Philip and Irene Weber, died 1900, aged 
7 years. 


Lulu Ellen, daughter of Chas. F. and Mary J. Yost, 
died 1878, aged 8 years; Mary Jane, wife of Chas. 
F. Yost, died 1901, aged 65 years. 

Jennie, wife of Chas. Zachero, died 1880, aged 
26 years; Wm. H. Zinn, died 1892, aged 37 years; 
Martin Zahn, died 1895, aged 58 years ; Caroline Zahn, 
died 1895, aged 54 years ; Ruth E., daughter of Jacob 
E. and Florence Zarbaugh, died 1896, aged 4 years; 
Jacob E. Zarbaugh, died 1899, ^g^^ 34 years; Pris- 
cilla, wife of Chas. Zarbaugh, died 1898, aged 58 
years; Jacob Zarbaugh, died 1900, aged 71 years; 
Catherine M. Zwayer, died 1890, aged 2 years; Peter 
Zarbaugh, died 1901, aged 75 years. 

Welton Gfaveyard* 

Located on Josiah Flattery's land, in Section No. 2. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth Baker, 
died 1849, a&^^ 4 years; Andrew Dildine, died 1839, 
aged 39 years; Mary M., daughter of Andrew and 
Jane Dildine, died 1839, aged 14 years; Langdon 
Decker, died 1864, aged 32 years ; infant son of Lang- 
don and Margaret A. Decker, died 1855 ; Elias Decker, 
died 1839, aged 38 years; Eliza, wife of Perry Dil- 
dine, died 1840 aged 21 years; Henry Dildine, died 
1861, aged 87 years; Effy, wife of Henry Dildine, 
died 1862, aged 86 years; Wm. Elder, died 1831, aged 
66 years ; David, son of William and Margaret Elder, 
died 1825, aged 16 years ; Rebecca, wife of James El- 


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der, died 1838, aged 27 years; Thomas Elder, died 
1847, ^g^ 50 years; Infant of Thomas and Annie 
Elder, died 1826; David Groom, died 1867, aged 55 
years: Philip M. son of P. and M. E. Kuhns, died 
1868, aged 3 months; Mary, wife of G. W. Lehman, 
died 1866, aged 18 years; Henry D. son of Jacob and 
Effy Lehman, died '1847, aged 11 months; Infant 
son of Jacob and Effy Lehman, died 1862, aged 10 
months; Aaron Michel, died 1824, aged 33 years; 
Daniel Mclntire, died 1861, aged 45 years; Thomas 
Patrick, died 1838, aged 50 years; Mary, wife of 
Thomas Patrick, died 1834, aged 42 years; John Pat- 
rick, died 1880, aged 75 years; Solomon Parker, died 
1826, aged 27 years; Samuel -Ramsey, died 1847, aged 
83 years; J. W., son of Charles and Belinda Reber, 
died 1838, aged 4 months; Mary, wife of Wm. Sey- 
mour, died 1823, aged 21 years; Mary, wife of Jesse 
Seymour, died 1838, aged 33 years; Elizabeth, wife of 
George Seymour, died 1832, aged 61 years; George 
Seymour, died 1839, aged 77 years ; Felix, son of Jesse 
and M. A. Seymour, died 1850, aged 13 years; Infant 
son of Jesse and Mary Seymour, died 1824; Bennie, 
son of Wm. and Elizabeth Seymour, died 1844, aged 
15 years; Henry Seymour, died 1857, aged 37 years; 
Susanah A., daughter of Henry and Elizabeth Sey- 
mour, died i860, aged 9 years ; Elizabeth, wife of Wil- 
liam Seymour, died 1850, aged 42 years; William Sey- 
mour died 1855, aged 54 years; Marion, son of 
Geo. and Sarah L. Seymour, died 1863, aged 9 years; 
Robt. L. Seymour, died i860, aged 29 years; America, 
daughter of Moses and Nancy Seymour, died 1833, 
aged 3 years; Allena E., daughter of S. S. and Re- 
becca Seymour, died i860, aged 3 years; Palemia, wife 
of Leonard Sarber, died 1867, aged 42 years; Cath- 


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erine, wife of Solomon Woodring, died 1841, aged 
32 years; Lucinda, second wife of Solomon Wood- 
ring, died 1846, aged 42 years; Sarah, wife of Solo- 
mon Woodring, died 1864, aged 65 years; Infant son 
of C. P. and Nancy Woodring, died 1854; infant 
daughter of C. D. and Mary Woodring died 1857; 
Jane, daughter of John and Francis Welton, died 181 5, 
aged 5 years ; Francis, wife of John Welton, died, 1838, 
aged 56 years; John Welton, died 1850, aged J2 years; 
Isaac, son of John and F. Welton, died 1845, ^i&^d 37 
years ; Susan T., wife of John Welton, died 1845, ^Z'^^ 
25 years ; Effy, wife of Jesse Welton, died 1832, aged 
28 years; Andrew Welton, died 1852, aged 20 years; 
Henry F. Woodring, died 1863, aged 24 years. 

Reformed and Ltttheran Gfaveyatd* 

Located at Caual Winchester. 

The first burial was Leah Brown a sister of Chas. 


George, son of Amon and A. M. Algire, died 1854,. 
aged 8 years; Milton Algire, died 1866, aged 15 years. 


Lydia, wife of Solomon Boyer, died 1846, aged 
30 years; Daniel, husband of Sarah Boyer, died 1848, 
aged 49 years ; 5 young children of Joseph and Mary 
Ann Bennedum, died 1849 to 1853; Betsey M., 
daughter of H. and P. Black, died 1846, aged 10 years; 
Albert L. son of G. and H. Bush, died 1868, aged i 
year; Bertha, daughter of J. and S. C. Chaney, died 
1863, aged 2 years; Philip Bom, died 1854, sig^^l 37 


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James Cannon, died 1852, aged 51 years; Wm. M., 
son of Leo F. and Matilda Carson, died 1862, aged 
21 years. 


Mary, daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth Draygens- 
ton, died 1841, aged 5 years; Chas. E., son of Wm. 
and Mary E. Dellinger, died 1857, aged 5 months; 
Sarah, wife of Jacob DelHnger, died 1855, aged 47 
years ; E. L. Dellinger, died 1854, aged 25 years; Cath- 
erine, wife of H. Dellinger, died 1873, aged 85 years; 
Martha E., daughter of Chas. and Susanah Dagon, 
■died 1856, aged 5 years; Margaret daughter of Jacob, 
and Elizabeth Dravenstott, died 1843, ^S^ 4 years. 

Pheba, wife of Patrick French, died 1849, ^S^ 
23 years; Mayella, daugher of Hiram and Eleanor 
Finch died 1843 aged 18 days; Joseph D. son of Geo. 
A. and Francis J. Finnefrock, died 1849, aged 4 
months ; Henry E., son of J. M. and S. E. Fay died 
1870, aged 7 years. 


Henry, son of John and Carolina Goettel, died 
1 85 1, aged 17 years; Susanah, wife of Timothy Gater, 
-died 1848, aged 61 years. 

John, son of Henry and Phillipin Herrmann, died 
1847 aged 6 months; Daniel, son of Henry and Phil- 
lippin Herrmann, died 1866, aged 3 years; Caroline 
J. wife of Wm. Helpman, died 1877, aged 38 years; 
Mary E., daughter of Edward and Sarah A. Harpst, 
died 1857, aged 15 days; Sarah Hathaway, died 1853, 
^g^<i 75 years; Agnes Hathaway died 1862 aged 79 


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years; Wesley, son of Edward and Elizabeth Hatha- 
way, (balance of inscription obliterated;) Henry Hesr- 
ser, died 1865, aged 40 years; John Hesser, died 1858, 
aged 60 years; Franklin, son of William and Mary 
Hesser died 1858, aged 2 years; Josephus, daughter 
of -A. B. Helpman died 1848 aged 5 years; Sylvester 
B., son of David and Catherine Herkins, died 1846, 
aged 19 years ; Emily Amanda, daughter of Almanzor 
Hathaway, died 1846, aged 9 months ; George W., son 
of J. R. and M. Hicks, died 1855, aged i month. 


Martha, daughter of Joseph B,. and Nancy S. 
Johnson died 1842, aged 6 years; Infant children of 
J. B. and S. N. Johnson, died 1844, aged 10 days. 


John, son of John and Elizabeth Kissel, died 1850 ; 
Chas. H., son of John and Elizabeth Kissel, died 1855, 
aged 5 months; Oliver KrafFt, died 1855, aged 25 
years; Frederick KrafFt, died 1851, aged 21 years. 

L. • 

Susanah, wife of Daniel Lether, died 1856, aged 
66 years; Dimiel Lether, died 1857, aged 69 years; 
Sarah Lether, died 1871, aged 69 years; Daniel, son of 
Chas. and Catherine Lether, died 1842, aged i year; 
Elizabeth, wife of James Lawrence, died 1865, aged 63 
years; James Lawrence, died 1877, aged 74 years; 
Wm. J. H., son of E. and M. Lehr, died 1871, agedi 
year; George Lehman Sr., died 1859, aged 60 years; 
George Lehman, died 1856, aged 24 years; Elizabeth, 
wife of George Lehman, died,i86i, aged 30 years; 


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Magdalena, wife of George Lehman Sr., died 1864, 
aged 64 years. 

M. . 

Maria E., daughter of Henry and Catherine Meyer, 
died 1847, aged 2 years; Infant son of Henry C. 
Meyer, died 1847, aged 2 days; Andrew Myreir, died 
1844, aged 31 years; Eleanor, daughter of George and 
Margaret Myers, died 1842, aged 12 years; George 
Myers, died 1844, aged 56 years; John Myers, died 
1850, aged 27 years; Sarah C. Myers, died 1850, aged 
25 years; Anna B. My^s, died 1850, aged 30 years; 
Lucretia Myers, died 1850, aged 18 years; Catherine, 
daughter of Abraham Stump, and widow of John 
Myers, died 1847, aged 91 years ; Chancey, son of Sim- 
eon and Pheba Jane Matthews, died 1841, aged i 
month ; David J., son of Simeon and Pheba Matthews, 
died 1847, aged 7 years; Daniel Miller, died 1846, 
aged 55 years; Pheba, wife of Joseph Miller, died 
i860, aged 45 years; Mary, wife of James McKelvey, 
died 1856, aged 28 years. 


Peter Overhalzer, died 1844, aged 61 years. 

Mary, wife of Benjamin PersoU, died 1842 ; Philip 
Price, died 1867, aged 49 years ; Jemima, wife of Philip 
Price, died 1857, aged 38 years; Emily A., daughter of 
Philip and Amanda Price, died 1861, aged 5 months. 


Edward son of Jonas and Sarah Ringer, died 1858, 
aged 18 years ; Sarah, wife of Jonas Ringer, died 1865, 
aged 50 years. 


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Ann, daughter of John and Lydia Sergeant, died 
1845, 2iged 2 years; Geo. W., son of Chas. W. and 
Sarah A. Speaks, died 1852, aged 9 months; Elvira 
A., daughter of James H. and Elizabeth Sommerville, 
died 1853, 2iged 3 years; Eddie C, son of John H. and 
Catherine Speilman, died 1873, ^^d i month; Nich- 
olas, son of Peter and Hettie Swisher, died 1845, aged 
10 years ; Emily A., daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth 
Schrock, died 1847, aged 11 months; Daniel, son of 
A. and S. Sunday, died 1844, aged 4 months; Fred- 
erick Schmitt, geboren November 2, 1801, gestorben 
September 24, 1854; Franz Schmitt, died 1854, aged 
20 years. 


Oliver C, son of Henton and A. M. Tallman, died 
1859, ^S^^ I year; Emily Adaline, daughter of Hen- 
ton and Amanda M. Tallman, died 1846, aged i year; 
Geo. McC, son of John B". and Mary Ann Thomp- 
son, died 1819, aged 2 years ; Lucy A., daughter of R. 
and S. Trine, died 1853, aged i year; Eliza A., daugh- 
ter of B. F. and M. Trine, died 1870, aged i year. 


Martin B., son of John and Margaret Wagoner, 
died 1845, aged 6 months; Elizabeth M., wife of John 
Wagoner, died 185 1, aged 28 years; EUeni, daughter 
of G. W. and M. J. Williams, died 1855, aged 7 months ; 
Daniel, son of Daniel and Rebecca Wallet, died 1849, 
aged 2 years; Lydia, daughter of H. and E. Walter, 
died 1849, aged 6 years ; Henry, son of John and Mary 
Werner, died 1849, ^g^^ 3 years. 


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Elizabeth, daughte/ of Peter and Martha Zarbaugh, 
died 1854, aged 6 years; Henry Zimmer, died 1852, 
aged 32 years ; John H., son of Eli and Leah Zimmer, 
died 1853, ^g^d 2 years; Laura, daughter of Eli and 
Leah Zimmer, died 1862, aged i year; Philip Zimmer, 
died 1856, aged 69 years; Elizabeth, wife of Philip 
Zimmer, died 1846, aged 61 years. 

Vamlfmatfc Gn,r€fud* 

I«ocatcd on Oeorfe Vandemark't land, in Section No 18. 

Mary Jane, wife of Wm. K. Allgire, died 1866, 
aged 40 years ; Wm. J. S., son of Wm. K. and M. J. 
Allgire, died 1866, aged 16 years; Charles Bowen, 
died 1 83 1, aged 43 years; Billingslea Bull, died 1824, 
aged 52 years; Wm. W. son of Chas. and Mary 
Bowen, died 183 1, aged 16 years; Sarah Entler, died 
183s, aged 32 years ; Mary, daughter of James B. and 
Nancy Evans, died 1838, aged i year; Edward Hath- 
away, died 1824, aged 49 years; Mary, wife of Elea- 
zor Hathaway, died 1825, aged 77 years; Nicholas 
Hopkins, died 1824, aged 26 years; Sarah A., daugh- 
ter of Nicholas and Ann Hopkins, died 1848, aged 
23 years ; Mary J., daughter of Wm. S. and Hannah 
J. Hopkins, died 1848, aged 2 months; Grasey Har- 
rison, died 1825, aged 37 years; Losey Harrison, died 
1831, aged 4 years ; George McKelvey, died 1841, aged 
21 years; Jemima McKelvey, died 1835, aged 4 years; 
Wm. Perrin, died 1855, aged 76 years ; Rachel Perrin, 
died 1836, aged 60 years; Mary Ann, wife of Wm. 
Perrin, died 1848, aged 34 years; Wm. J. son of Ste- 
phen S. and Eleanor Russel, died 1846, aged 12 years; 
Gideon Stevenson, died 1840, aged 31 years; Sarah, 


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wife of Abram B. Stevenson, died 1847, aged 22 
years; George, son of Rev. Geo. S. and Caroline M. 
Stevenson, died 1855, aged 4 years; M. A. Steven- 
son, died 1871, aged 54 years; Catherine, wife of G. 
K. Stevenson, died 1867, aged 74 years; Rebecca, wife 
of Wm. L. Stevenson, died February 23, 1863, aged 
46 years; William Stevenson, died January 24, 1863, 
aged 49 years; Sarah E., daughter of Wm. L. and 
Rebecca Stevenson, died February 10, 1863, aged 21 
years ; Geo. King, son of M. L. and Rebecca D. Stev- 
enson, died 1888, aged 2 months; Ann B., wife of J. 
S. Stevenson, died 1873, aged 73 years; Samuel Tay- 
lor, died 1842, aged 53 years; Mary, wife of Samuel 
W. Taylor, died 1862, aged 66 years; Mary A., wife 
of Geo. Vandemark, died 1835, aged 66 years; Chas. 
Vandemark, died 1844, aged 93 years. 

Whims Gntveyafd. 

Located on Minnie M. Whims's land, in Section No. 18. 

John, son of John and Mary Conner, died 1826, 
aged 54 years; James Homer, died 1848, aged 49 
years; Mrs. Elizabeth Wood, died 1818, aged 51 years; 
Elizabeth, wife of Charles Wood, died 1840, aged 50 
years ; Charles Wood, died 1838, aged 47 years. 



*Tis grievous parting with good company, 

Gbqrge Euot. 

n H MT. 

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Academy of Music 323 

Additions to Groveport 207, 208 

Additions to Winchester 163, 164 

Alfred Cannon Post 294 

Alum Creek Presbyterian Church 372 

Appraisement, Land 20, 21 

Apprenticeship , Indenture of 425 

Assessors 83, 420 

Assessors, Report of 18, 19 

Asbury M. E. Church 54, 104, 347 

Asbury Graveyard 432 


Barring the Teacher Out 97 

Baptist Church, Groveport ' 376, 51 

Bank, The Winchester 178 

Board of Education — 

Township 112 

Winchester 122 

Presidents of 123 

Qerks of 123 

Treasurers of 123 

Members of 124 

Teachers 125 

Groveport 129 

Presidents of 130 

Clerks of 136 

Treasurers of 136 

Members of 136 

Teachers of 133 

Board of Health, Winchester 184 



by Google 

500 INDEX. 


Board of Health, Groveport 227 

Boats, Names of .' '^^ 

Brighter Days ^^ 

Brice M. E. Church 352 

Blazed Trees 419 

Bridges in Winchester 172 

Business Enterprises in Groveport 219 

Business Enterprises in Winchester 190 

Canal — 

Ohio and Erie 59 

Letting ^ 

Bids 63 

Contractors ^ 

Specifications ^ 

Tolls 69 

Names of Boats 70 

Ice Breakers on 71 

Carty Building 169 

Catholic Church, Groveport 395 

Canal- Winchester Village 161 

Cabin, The Pioneer's 410 

Chattel Tax Payers 1825 44 

Churches 335 

Baptist 376 

Christian Union 395 

Catholic, Groveport 395 

Lutheran, Winchester 390 

Menonite 396 

Presbyterian, Alum Creek 372 

Presbyterian , Groveport 372 

Presbyterian , Truro 53, 367 

Methodist Episcopal, Asbury 49, 54, 104, 347 

Groveport 349 

Hopewell 57, 838 

Powell's 352 

Winchester 353 

Reformed, Winchester 378 


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INDEX. 601 

Churches — Concluded. page 

United Brethren in Christ, Groveport 366 

Winchester : 356 

Union at Middletown 397 

Cholera 73 

City Solicitors , Winchester 184 

Clerks of Madison Township 82 

Clerks of Groveport 215 

Clerks of Winchester 182 

Clerks of Winchester Board of Education 123 

Clerks of Groveport Board of Education 136, 215 

Clerks of Madison Township Board of Education 82 

Colored Persons 31 

Constables of Madison Township 82 

Councilmen, Groveport 210, 217 

Councilmen , Winchester 183 

Commercial Hotel 168 

Conn House 168 

Company "H" 287 

Cox Graveyard 435 

Coach and Mail Lines 242 

Coach Drivers 246 

Coach Lines — 

Hunsicker's 250 

Wilson's 250 

Lether's 250 

Rempel's 245 

McClure and Rice's 245 

W. B. and J. A. Hawk's 245 

Columbus, Winchester, Jefferson and Carroll Turnpike. . 232 

Columbus and Groveport Turnpike 234 

Contents , Table of V 

Columbus and Winchester Turnpike 239 

Columbus and Lancaster Traction Co 260 

Columbus, Winchester & Lancaster Traction Co 260 

Crops Statistics 20 

Crusade, The Woman's 316 

Cruiser 328 

Cedar Grove Tavern 39 

Cross Keys Tavern 39 



502 INDEX. 



Days Work, A 418 

Daughters of Rebekah 400 

Daughterman's Comer 169 

David's Reformed Church 378 

David's Lutheran Church 390 

Description of Madison Township 5 

Decennial Land Appraisement 20, 21 , 84 

Debating Society 140 

Decker's Tavern 39 

Decoration Day 286 

Debate, Religious 392 

Dedication, Union Grove Cemetery 476 

Democratic Meeting 16 

Division of Land into Sections 10, 12 

Discoveries of America 25 

Distilleries 40 

Ditch Supervisors 83 

Directors, School 112 

Dramatic Societies 143, 153 


Early Settlers 22, 28 

Early Enterprises 32 

Edward's Station 54, 252 

Edward's Graveyard 436 

Elevations 7 

Elections 14, 15 

Eldorado Mills 35 

Electric Lines 259 

Columbus, Winchester and Lancaster 260 

Columbus and Lancaster 260 

Scioto Valley 262 

Empire Mills 83, 51, 55 

Encampment, Franklin 399 

Eighteen hundred fifteen— 1825 41 

Entertainments, Winchester 140, 148, 150 

Entertainments, Groveport 159 

Enterprises, Business, Winchester 190 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

INDEX. 503 

Enterprises, Business, Groveport 219 

Evangelical Lutheran Church 390 

Enumeration of Township Schools 16 

Enumeration of Winchester Schools 17 

Enumeration of Groveport Schools 17 


Fair, Madison Township 302 

Fair, Winchester 306 

Farmer's Institute 307 

Fires in Winchester 186 

Fires in Groveport 228 

First Canal Boats 68 

First Brick House 40 

First Mill 22 

First Flour Sacks 34 

First Physician 424 

First Settlers 22, 29 

Franklin Academy of Music 323 

Franklin Encampment 399 

Fraternal Mystic Circle 408 

F. & A. M. No. 240 i 401 

F. & A. M. No. 640 404 

Funerals, Early 423 


G. A. R., Alfred Cannon Post 294 

G. A. R., Jonathan Watson Post 297 

Gas, Natural 178 

Cayman's Corner 170 

Geological Survey 7 

Groveport 51, 206 

Plats of 20? 

Sharp's Addition of 207 

Rarey's Sub-division of 208 

Corbett's Addition of 208 

Incorporation of 210 

Mayors of 214 

Qerks of 216 

Treasurers of 215 


by Google 

604 INDEX. 

Grovcport — Concluded. pack 

Councilmen of 210, 217 

Street Commissioners of 210, 216 

Marshals of 210, 216 

Bridge Turners of 216 

Lamp-Lighters of 216 

Town Hall 213, 217 

Statistics of 13 

Elections 14 

Population 13 

School Enumeration 17 

Precinct 14, 19, 20 

Schools 17, 129 

Map of Opposite page 208 

Graveyard 437 

Board of Health 22? 

Graduates of Groveport Schools 138 

Graduates of Winchester Schools 128 

Groveport, Winchester and Lancaster Turnpike 237 

Grange, Madison, No. 194 311 

Grange, Hamilton, No. 436 312 

Graveyards 428 

Inscriptions in 430, 431, 437, 438 

Asbury 432 

Cox , 436 

Edwards 436 

Gander 437 

Groveport 437 

Gray 447 

Hendren 448 

Hopewell 449 

Huddle 455 

Kile 456 

Kramer 457 

Middlctown 460 

Menonite 464 

Powell 460 

Rarey 467 

Stevenson 468 

Truro 468 


by Google 

INDEX. 505 

Graveyards — Concluded. page 

Tussing .■ 474 

Union Grove 474 

Vandemark 496 

Welton 489 

Winchester 491 

Whims 497 


Hamilton Township School Section 87, 88, 90 

Hard Times 41 

Hawk's Coach Line 245 

Heston's Military Company 267 

Hendren Graveyard 448 

Hocking Valley Railroad 255 

Hopewell M. E. Church 338 

Hopewell Graveyard 449 

Hogs, Stray 419 

Huddle Graveyard 455 

Hunsicker's Coach Line 250 

Hymns, Some Old 335 


Introduction 1 

Indians 9 , 26 

Ice Breakers 71 

Ice Age 5 

Indian Trail 27 

Indian Village 27 

Incorporation of Winchester 181 

Incorporation of Groveport 210 

Institute, Franklin Farmers' 307 

I. O. G T. No. 400 315 

L O. G T. No. 562 .' 316 

L O. O. F. No. 205 400 

L O. O. F. No. 386 398 

Incidents of Pioneer and Bygone Days 418 

Indenture of Apprenticement 425 

Inscriptions on Tombstones 430, 431, 437, 438 

Illustrations, List of VII 

Irreducible Fund 88 


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506 INDEX. 



Jonathan Watson Post, G. A. R 297 

Justices of the Peace 12, 80 

July 4th, 1876 425 


Kile Graveyard 466 

Knights of Pythias No. 125 40e 

Knights of Pythias, Uniform Rank 407 

Kramer's Mill 32, 52 

Kramer's Graveyard 457 

Land, Where Entered 11 

Land, How Surveyed 10, 11 

Land, Appraisement 20, 21, 84 

Land Owners 1855 4^ 

Land Owners 1872 5a 

Lecture Course, Winchester 150 

Lecture Course, Groveport 158 

Lether's Coach Line 250 

Lee Lodge L O. O. F 398 

Literary Entertainments 140 

Light Horse Military Company 265 

Lutheran Church 390 

List of Illustrations VII 


Madison Township — 

Organization 12 

Surveyed 11 

Officers 76 

Additions to 12 

Population 12 

Elections 14, 15 

Assessors Report 18 

School Enumeration 16 

Land Appraisers .........20, 21 


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INDEX. 507 

Madison Township — Concluded. page 

Trustees of 81 

Clerks of 82 

Treasurers of 82 

Constables of 82 

Assessors of 8^ 

Ditch Supervisors of 8S 

Map of Inside front cover 

Markets 36, 41, 68, 175, 415 

Mayors of Groveport 214 

Mayors of Winchester 182 

Marshals of Groveport 210, 21^ 

Marshals of Winchester 183 

Mail and Coach Lines 242, 251 

McGure and Rice's Coach Line 245 

Menonite Church 51, 55, 39d 

Menonite Graveyard 464 

Methodist Episcopal Church — 

Asbury 347 

Groveport 349^ 

Hopewell 338 

Powell's 352 

Winchester 35a 

Mexican War 264 

Merchant's Hotel 168 

Middletown 15^ 

Middletown Graveyard 460 

Military Companies — 

The Light Horse 265 

The State Rifles 265 

Violet Guards ^ 26^ 

Heston's Independent 267 

Potter Light Guards 287 

Military Districts 26& 

Military Bounty Society 276 

Military, Mexican War 264 

Militiamen, District No. 1 26& 

District No. 2 270 

District No. 3 271 

District No. 4 27^ 


by Google 

508 INDEX. 


Mills, Eldorado 33 

Empire ^ 

Kramer's 32 

Richardson's 33 

Sharp's 32 

Winchester 35 

Saw 35 

Woolen 35 

Minstrels , Shortie's 156 

Minstrels , Juvenile 156 

Mound Builders 22 

Mozart Club 148 

Money 418 

Murphy Movement 318 

Music , Franklin Academy of 323 

Myatt Wine 424 


Native Inhabitants 22 

Names of Canal Boats 70 

New Years Calls 422 


Obetz Tavern 39 

Odd Fellows — 

Lee Lodge 398 

Gordion Lodge 400 

Franklin Encampment 399 

Daughters of Rebekah 400 

Officers of Madison Township 76 

Officers of Winchester 181, 182, 183 

Officers of Groveport 210, 214, 210 

Ohio and Erie Canal 59 

Oil Mill 169 

Oregon 52, 56, 159 

Organization of Township 5, 12 

Ordinance of 1787 10, 28, 85 


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INDEX. 509 


Packet Line m 251 

Patrons of Husbandry 311 

Pastimes 421, 422 

Pioneers — 

House and Home Life 410 

Bill of Fare 413 

Apparel 413 

Wages 414, 417 

Pioneer and By-gone Days 418 

Population 13 

Powder Factory 40 

Political Meetings 16 

Pork Packing 38 

Poor House 167 

Postoffices — 

Edwards 252 

Groveport 208, 20^ 

Oregon 159 

Winchester 173 

Zimmer 252 

Postmasters — 

Groveport 208, 209 

Oregon 159 

Winchester 173 

Postage, Rates of 251 

Potter Light Guards 287 

Poweir s M. E. Church 352 

Powell's Graveyard 466 

Plats of Winchester 162 

Plats of Groveport 207 

Planing Mill 172 

Prefatory Introduction 1 

Precincts, Groveport 14 

Winchester 14 

Zimmer 15 

Pre-Columbian Discoveries 25 

Prices of Grain 21, 214 


by Google 

510 INDEX. 


Presidents of Township Board of Education 115 

Groveport Board of Education 136 

Winchester Board of Education 123 

Presbyterian Church — 

Truro 367 

Alum Creek 372 

Groveport 372 

Protected Home Circle 409 


Queen of Fame 157 


Railroads 255 

Mineral 257 

Hocking Valley 255 

First Train on 258 

Rarey, John S 326 

Rarey's Principles of Horse Taming 333 

Rarey's Port 209 

Academy 37 

Tavern 39 

Graveyard 467 

Rager's Feeder 65 

Rales of Postage 251 

Ranges, How Numbered 10 

Reunion of the U3th Regiment 300 

References 2, 3 

Rempcrs Coach Line 245 

Relief Corps No. 165 299 

Reformed Church 378 

Republican Meeting 16 

Richardson's Mill 33 

Royal Arch Masons 405 

Roads 230 

Columbus. Winchester, Jefferson and Carroll 232 

Columbus and Groveport 234 

Colunil)Us aud Winchester 239 

Grovep* )rt . Winchester and Lancaster 237 


by Google 

INDEX. * 511 

Roads — Concluded. page 

Walnut Creek and Groveport 240 

Union Grove Cemetery 240 

Rural Free Delivery 253 


Saw Mills 35, 49, 50, 51 

Sabbath-School Union 386 

Schools of Madison Township 85 

Enumeration, Madison Township 16 

Groveport 17 

Winchester 17 

Land 85, 90, 91 

Section No. 16 10, 85, 86, 87, 115 

Township Superintendents 112 

Board of Education 112 

Presidents Board of Education 115 

Directors 96-100, 103, 112, 135 

of Groveport 129 

Presidents of Board 136 

Clerks of Board 136 

Treasurers of Board 136 

Members of Board 136 

Teachers 133 

Janitors 137 

Truant Officers 137 

Graduates 138 

of Winchester 116 

Presidents of Board 123 

Clerks of Board 123 

Treasurers of Board 123 

Members of Board 124 

Teachers 125 

Graduates 128 

Scholars, Names of 96 

Settlers, Native and Early 22, 28 

Sections, How Divided 10, 11 

Secret and Fraternal Societies 398 

I. O. O. F. No. 205 400 

I. O. O. F. No. 386 398 


by Google 

512 INDEX. 

Secret and Fraternal Societies — Concluded. page 

Franklin Encampment 399 

Daughters of Rebekah 400 

F. & A. M. No. 240 401 

F. & A. M. No. 540 404 

Royal Arch Masons 405 

K. of P. No. 125 406 

K. of P., U. R., No. 78 407 

F. M. C 408 

P. H. C 409 

Scioto Valley Traction Company 262 

Sickly Season 41 

Soldiers, Mexican War 264 

War of the Rebellion 278, 280, 284, 285 

Spanish- American War 291 

Buried in Union Grove Cemetery 284 

Menonite Graveyard 285 

Sons of Veterans No. 137 296 

Sons of Veterans No. 107 300 

Songs, Some Old 335 

Streams 7, 8 

Statistics 10, 11 

Stock Driving 36 

St. Mary*s Catholic Church 395 

Street Commissioners, Winchester 185 

Groveport 210, 216 

Slaughter Houses 38 

Surveys 10, 11 

Sharp's Mill 32. 41 

Graveyard 436 

Stevenson's Graveyard 468 

Superintendents of Union Grove Cemetery. 476 

Secretaries " " 476 


Table of Contents V 

Taxable Property 18, 19, 20, 21 

Tax Payers 44 

Taverns 39 

Tanneries 36 


by Google 

INDEX. 618 


Tax Collectors 420 

Taylor's Mills 32 

Teachers in Madison Township 94, 104 

Teachers in Groveport 133 

Winchester 125 

Telegraph 174 

Telephone 179 

Temperance 315 

Woman's Crusade 316 

Murphy Movement 318 

Washington Movement 315 

W. C. T. U 320 

Theories of Colonization 23 

Timber 8 

Titles to Land 9 

Indians 9 

Times, The Winchester 170 

Tolls on Canal 69 

Town Hall, Groveport 213, 217 

Townships, How Numbered 10 

Trustees of Madison Township 81 

Treasurers of Madison Township 82 

of Section No. 16 116 

Board of Education, Winchester 123 

Groveport 136 

Groveport 215 

Winchester 183 

Trustees of Section No. 16 115 

Union Grove Cemetery 476 

Traction Lines 259 

Columbus, Winchester and Lancaster 260 

Columbus and Lancaster 260 

Scioto Valley 262 

Truro Presbyterian Church 367 

Graveyard 468 

School Section 87, 91 

Tussing Graveyard 476 

•33 H M T 


by Google 

514 INDEX. 



Union Grove Road 240 

Union Grove Cemetery 474 

Superintendents 47G 

Secretaries 476^ 

Trustees 47(V 

Dedication 476 

United Brethren Church, Winchester 356 

Groveport 360 

Uniform Rank K. of P 407 

Union , The Christian, Church 395- 

Church, Middletown 397 

Union Sunday School 360, 386 


Valuations 18, 19, 20, 21, 47, 98, 100 

Vandemark Graveyard 496 

Violet Township School Section 87, 88, 89, 91 

Violet Guards 266 

Vocal Society, Winchester 150 


War Times 264 

Walnut Creek and Groveport Turnpike 240 

Washington Temperance Movement 315 

Walnut Chapter, R. A. M 405 

Wages 414, 417 

Werts Grove 206. 208 

Welton's Graveyard 489 

Wilson's Coach Line 250 

Winchester Mills 35 

Times, The 17$.. 

Bank, The 178 

Winchester , Canal 51 , 161 

Map of Opposite page 162 

Original Plat 162 

Dove's Addition 163 

Dixon's Addition 163 

Miller's Addition 163 


by Google 

INDEX. 515 

Winchester, Canal — Concluded. page 

Kramer's Addition 163 

Will's Addition 163 

Trine's Addition '. 163 

Lehman's Addition 164 

Buildings in 1832 164 

Elections 14 , 15 

Statistics , 13 

Population 13 

Precinct 14, 19, 20 

Incorporation of 181 

Mayors of 182 

Clerks of 182 

Treasurers of 183 

Marshals of 183 

Councilmen of 183 

City Solicitors of 184 

Street Commissioners of 185 

Board of Health of , 184 

Fires in 186 

Protectors 188 

Schools 122 

Enumeration 17 

M. E. Church 353 

Reformed Church 378 

Wolves 419 

Woolen Mills 35, 51 

Woman's Crusade 316 

Relief Corps 299 

W. C. T. U 320 

Whims Graveyard 497 


Zimmer 252 

Precinct 14, 19, 20 


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Digitized b/