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Sarbacb College Libcars 

FkOM THE IIE<j['R!iT 11 









•♦ Let the dead Past bury its dead?" 
Nay : rather let the Present wed 
The Good that has been done and said 
To Future Good :— a work sublime. 
"When "Footprints on the sands of time" 
Find each its fitting counterpart 
In working hand and faithful heart. 




C- yo 3S. 2z>s 

4^- '^ ' ' ^ tf -fegrr-/-^ 

J^ 1831, the Chowan Association being in session with 
the church at Cashie, it was, on motion, 

Resolved, That Bro. Meredith be requested to publish the proceedings of 
this Association from its origin to the present time, connected with such ad- 
ditional facts as can be obtained, and as shall, in his judgment, render the 
whole a concise and serviceable history. ^ 

This was never done. 

In 1843, the Clerks of the forty-two churches compos- 
ing the Chowan Association were requested to prepare a 
history of their respective churches, and transmit to the 
Clerk, by mail, Murfreesboro, without delay, so that our 
churches may preserve in, durable form, the materials of 
their history, as the Clerk will transmit each to Rev. D. 
Benedict, who will issue an improved edition of the 
** History of the Baptists," in the course of a few months. 
This was never done. 

In 1846, it was 

Resolved, That — brethren be appointed a Committee of Publication to 
superintend the compilation of a history of Chowan Association, its printing, 
binding and distribution. 

This was never done. In 1880, it was moved 

That Bro. J. A. Delke be requested to write a history of this Association, 
which, after completion, shall be submitted to a committee of inspection and 
revision ; and that Bro. Delke be paid fifty dollars for his services. 

This I now propose to do. 


. Murfreesboro, R C, Sept. Uih, 1880. 



Introductory Remarks ^ „ 6 


Organization „ 9 

Constituting: Churches 10 

Constitution 11 

Rules of Decorum ^ 14 

Address to President Jefferson « IG 

President Jefferson's Reply.^ 18 


General Meeting of Correspondence^ 20 

Corresponding Associations^ 21 

Societies of Cooperation^ ^ ^ 21 

Minutes ^ ^ 21 

Finances^ 24 


Annual Sessions 27 

Date and Place of Sessions..... 29 

Official Digest - 30 

Introductory Sermons. - 31 

List of Churches, Location, &c 33 


Union Meetings ^ 37 

Ordination of Ministers.. 40 

List of Ministers ^ 42 

Sunday Schools 44 

Temperance.. - m. - 4(S 


SECTION v.— Education. 


Wake Forest College.^ 49 

Chowan Baptist Female Institute « ^ 62 

Beynoldson Institute.^ 60 


Nortl) Carolina Baptist State Convention 69 

Home Missions 66 

Foreign Missions 89 

Periodicals 72 

Bible Union 74 


Special Resolutions 75 

Queries and Answers 79 

Address to President Van Buren 83 

The Late Civil War 84 

Colored Members 86 


Rules of Government 88 

Declaration of Principles.. 90 


Biographical Sketches m 96 

Wolves in Sheep's Clothing 108 


Concluding Remarks 109 



As early as 1695, individual Baptists were found in 
North Carolina, under the tolerant rule of that wise and 
godly Quaker, John Archdale, made ruler of all the set- 
tlements in both Carolinas. There was, however, no 
church organization till 1727, when the first church was 
organized at a place called Perquimans, on Chowan river, 
within the present territory of Chowan Association. 

In 1742, a church was constituted on Kehukee creek 
in Halifax county, 120 miles North-west of Newbern, the 
church, as usual, taking the name of the water course ; 
which church was destined to become the mother of such 
a numerous and distinguished offspring. Other churches 
were soon formed, and, in 1752, there were sixteen 
churches holding what were called " yearly meetings." 

Most of the first Baptists in North Carolina came from 
Virginia. They were, at first, called General Baptists, by 
some, Free- will Baptists, holding views strictly Arminian. 

In a few years, more orthodox principles were intro- 
duced by John Gano, and those apostles of the new 
Reformation, Miller and VanHorn, and soon the little 
leaven had leavened the whole lump, and they called 
themselves Regular Baptists. 

In 1765, the reformed churches convened at Kehukee 
in Halifax county, and regularly organized the Kehukee 

In 1790, the number of churches having increased to 

sixty-one, with a membership of five thousand, scattered 
over a wide territory in North Carolina and Virginia, it 
was agreed to divide by the State line, leaving in North 
Carolina forty-two churches, in Virginia, nineteen; these 
last taking the name Virginia Portsmouth Association. 

In 1793, it was deemed advisable to effect another di- 
vision, making Tar river the dividing line, the churches 
on the sonth of this river being known as Neuse Associa- 

In 1805, eighteen churches were dismissed by the Ke- 
hukee Association ; all lying on the east side of Roanoke 
river, to form a new body, which received the name, 
Chowan Association, to the history of which your atten- 
tion is now invited. 

In 1842, resolutions looking to an amicable adjustment 
of the unpleasant relations of the two bodies were passed, 
and a committee of six appointed to effect a reconcilia- 
tion. The resolutions, sent as an olive branch of peace, 
were contemptuously " cast neck and heeh (quite a classsic 
phrasel) under the table, at least were passed by unno- 

Note, — That there was little, if any, accriraony at the time of separation, 
between the seceding churches and the parent body, the Kehukee Associa- 
tion, will appear from these two facts. The Abstract of Principles, enter- 
tained by the Kehukee Association, which were taken from the Philadelphia 
Association, were adopted as a Confession of Faith by the Chowan Associa- 
tion, — the difference then, if ajjy, must have been, not in faith, but in works. 
Again, for a period of twenty-one years, the two bodies maintained a regular 
and friendly correspondence by letter and delegates, and no want of harmony 
was evidenced in the transactions of either body. But in 1827, the Kehukee 
Association failed in sending letter and delegates to Chowan Association, on 
Ae plea that the latter had embraced Arminian doctrines. 



Thus rudely repulsed, our fathers, in the spirit of Abra- 
ham, said : " Let there be no strife between us," accepted 
the situation, and went on their way, " trusting the conse- 
quences to God." Here are the consequences in figures : 
In 1806, Kehukee Association numbered 1786 members. 

" " Chowan ** 



" 1841, Kehukee " 



" " Chowan " 



" 1880, Kehukee " 



" " Chowan " 











Chowan Association was organized at Salem M. H,, on 
Newbiggin creek, Pasquotank county, N, C, A. D. 1806, 
May 16, 17, 18. Introductory sermon was preached by 
Elder John Wall, from the text, " Peace be unto you." 

Delegates were in attendance from 18 churches, repre- 
senting the counties of Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Curri- 
tuck, Gates, Hertford, Pasquotank, Perquimans ; to which 
have since been added Dare, Martin, Northampton, Tyr- 
rell, Washington, and, for a short time, Halifax. See 
page 2. 

After the reading of the letters and enrolling the dele- 
gates, 35 in number, of whom 8 were Elders, the Associa- 
tion was organized by the appointment of Bro. George 
Outlaw, Moderator, Elder Lemuel Burkitt, Clerk, Elder 
James Ross, Assistant Clerk. 

The following resolution was unanimously adopted : 
Resolved, That this Association be known by the name 
of the North Carolina Chowan Baptist Association. 

A Constitution aad Kules of Decorum were adopted. 
See p. 11. 

Col. John Hamilton presented to the body an address 
to His Excellency, Thomas Jefferson, President of the 
United States, expressive of the sense which this Associa- 
tion and other churches of the Baptist connection have of 

10 History of Chowan Baptist Association. 

the full enjoyment of their religious liberties under his 
administration. See page 16. 

On Lord's day, Elders Burkitt, Poindexter, and Spivey 
preached to a numerous audience. 

Thus closed the first session of Chowan Association. 

Constituting Churches. 

Name. County. Constituted. 

Ahoskie, Hertford, 1804. 

Ballard's Bridge, Chowan, 1781. 

Bertie (now Sandy Run),...Bertie, 1750.* 

Bethel Perquimans, 1806. 

Bethelehem, Pasquotank, 1806. 

Camden, Camden,.... 1757. 

Cashie,' Bertie, 1778.* 

Cowenjock, Currituck, 1780. 

Knob's Crook, Pasquotank, 1786. 

Meherrin, Hertford, 1773(74*.) 

Middle Swamp, Gates, 1806. 

Outlaw's Chappel, Bertie, 

Powell's Point, Currituck, 1801. 

Ross' M. H., Bertie, 1804. 

Salem, Pasquotank, 1790. 

Sawyer's Creek,. Camden, 1790. 

Wiccacon (Coleraine),... Bertie, 1789. 

fYeopim, Chowan, 1775. 

18 Churches. Aggregate Membership, 1844. 

'Benedict puts the date of constitution of Bertie 1773 ; Casbie, 1771 ; 
Meherrin, 1794. 
lOriglnany spelled Tawplm. 


The four churches, Bethel, Bethlehem, Middle Swamp 
and Powell's Point, having been recently constituted, 
were received by petition, and assisted in the completion 
of the organization. 

Two of these churches, Camden and Sandy Run 
(Bertie), were constituent members of Kehukee Associa- 
tion in 1765. 


Art, 1, The Association shall be composed of members 
chosen by the different churches in our union, according 
to the discretion of the churches ; and the delegates thus 
chosen, and producing letters from their respective 
churches, signifying their appointment, shall be entitled 
to seats. 

Art. 2, In the letters from the different churches shall 
be expressed their full number in membership, those bap- 
tized, received by letter, dismissed by letter, excommuni- 
cated, dead, and restored, since the last Association. 

Art. 3. The members thus chosen and convened shall 
be denominated the North Carolina Chowan Baptist As- 
sociation ; being composed of sundry churches on the east 
and west sides of Chowan river : bounded on the north by 
Virginia, on the east by the Atlantic, on the south and 
west by Albemarle Sound and Roanoke river. 

Art. 4. The Association, when convened, shall be gov- 
erned and ruled by a proper Decorum, which Decorum 
this Association has adopted and annexed to this Consti- 

Art. 5. The Association shall have a Moderator and 
Clerk, who shall be chosen by the suffrage of the mem- 

12 HiBTOKT OP Chowan Baptist AssociATfd'^ 

bers present, and shall hold their office during the session, 
and may be eligible at the next, if appointed thereto. 

Art. 6. New churches inay be admitted into this union, 
on petition by letter and delegates ; and upon examina- 
tion (if found to be orthodox and orderly) shall be re- 
ceived by the Moderator giving the delegates the right I 
of fellowship. 

Art. 7. Every church in this union shall be entitled , 
to representation in the Association, but shall have only ' 
two members from each church. 

Art. 8. Every query presented to the Association shall 
have the name of some member fixed to the same; and 
it shall be twice read, and before it be debated, the Mod- 
erator shall put it to vote, and if there be a majority for 
its being debated, it shall be taken into consideration and 
be deliberated; but if there be a majority against it, it 
shall be withdrawn. 

Art. 9. Every motion made in due order, and sec- 
onded, shall come under the consideration of the Asso* 
ciation, unless withdrawn by the person who made it. 

Art. 10. The Association shall furnish the churches 
with a number of printed Minutes of the Association, 
from time to time, proportionable to the moneys contrib- 
uted from each church to the support of the Asaociatioa 

Art. 11. We think it necessary to have an Associatioa 
Fund, for defraying the expenses of the same: for the 
raising and supporting of which we think it the duty of 
each church in the union to contribute voluntarily such 
sums as they may think proper, and send by the hands 

Constitution. 13 

of their delegates to the Association. And those moneys 
thus contributed by the churches shall be deposited in 
the hands of a Treasurer by the Association appointed; 
who shall be accountable to the Association for all moneys 
by him received and paid oat according to the direction 
of the Association. 

Art. 12. The Minutes shall be regularly filed by the 
Clerk of the Association, and kept for the use of the As- 

Art. 13. The Minutes of the Association shall be read 
and corrected, if need be, and be signed by the Modera- 
tor and Clerk, before the Association rises. 

Art. 14. Amendments to this pian or form of govern- 
ment may be made by a majority of the union, when they 
shall deem it necessary. 

Art. 15. The Association shall have power — 

1. To provide for the general union of the churches. 

2. To give the churches all necessary advice in mat- 
ters of difficulty. 

3. To preserve inviolably a chain of communion 

I among the churches. 
4. To enquire into the cause why the churches fail 
to represent themselves, at any time, in the As- 
6. To appropriate those moneys by the churches con- 
tributed for an Association Fund to any purpose 
they may think proper. 
6. To appoint any member or members, by and with 
their consent, to transact any business they shall 
see necessary. 
7. To withdraw from any church in the union that 

14 History of Chowan Baptist Association. 

shall violate the rules of the AESociation, or da-' 
viate from the orthodox principles of religioD 
after due measures are taken to reclaim such a 
church or churches, and they remaiu incorrigible. 

8. To admit any of the distant brethren in the min- 
istry as assistants, who may be present at the 
time of tbeir sitting. 

9. To adjourn tliemsolvea to any future time and 
place thoy may think most convenient to the 
churches, provided it bo holden, interchangeably, 
one year on the east of Chowan river, and the 
next year on the west side. 

In 1811, the 5th article was expunged, and the follow- 
ing adopted in its place, which shall be considered the 
5th and 6th articles of the constitution : 

Art. 5. The Association shall have a Moderator, who 
shall be chosen by the suffrage of the members present, 
but only hold his ofdce during the session, and may be 
eligible to the same appointment at any future meeting. 

Art. 6. The Association shall have a Clerk, appointed 
by the suffrage of the members present in session ; he 
may hold his office during the pleasure of the Associa- 
tion : Provided, always, that he may have liberty to resign 
when circumstances may render it necessary. 

Rdles of Decorum. 

1. Tlie Association shall he opened and closed by prayer. 

2. A Moderator and Clerk shall be chosen according 
to the rules prescribed in tlie Constitution. 

3. Only one person shall speak at a time, who shall 


Rules of Decorum. 

arise from his seat and address the Moderator, wbil 

4. The person thus speaking shall not be interrupted 
in his speech by any except the Moderator, till he has 
done speaking. 

5. He shall strictly adhere to the subject, and in no 
wise reflect on the person who spoke before, so as to make 
remarks on his sHps, failings or imperfections, but shall 
fairly state the case and matter as nearly as he can, so as 
to convey bis light or ideas. 

6. No person sbail abruptly break off, and absent him- 
self from the business of the Association, without liberty 
obtained from it. 

7. No person shall riseand speak more than three times 
to one subject, without liberty from the Association. 

8. No person shall have liberty to be whispering or 
laughing, or pass between the person speaking and the 
Moderator, in time of a public speech. 

9. No member of the Association shall address another 
member in any other terms or appellations but tho title 
of Brother. 

10. The Moderator shall not interrupt any member in, 
nor prohibit him from speaking, until he give his light 
on the Bubject, except he break the rules of this Decorum, 

11. The names of the several members shall be enrolled 
by the Clerk, and called over as often as the Association 

12. When the committees are to he appointed, the 
Moderator shall be entitled to the first nomination, and if 
the nomination be not satisfactory, then any other mem- 
ber may nominate. 

16 HrniOBT OF Chowah Baptist Association. 

13, The Moderator shall not be entitled to a vote in the 
decision of any matter, except the Association be eqoally 

14 The Moderator shall have eqnal liberty of speech, 
provided he nominate another member to fill his seat 
during the time he makes his speech. 

15. Any member who shall knowingly and willingly 
break the mles of this Association, shall be reproved by 
the Association, at their discretion. 

Address to ths Presidsnt of the United States, 

1806, May 20. 

To the President of the United States: 

Sir : — Under Divine protection, the Ministers and Mes- 
sengers of the several Baptist churches of the North Caro- 
lina Chowan Association, held at Salem, on Newbiggin 
creek, in Pasquotank county, in the District of Edenton, 
and State of North Carolina, having met by appointment 
to offer up the sacrifices of a broken and contrite heart 
to the great Author of their Being, for the unbounded 
display of goodness and of tender mercies bestowed upon 
the children of men ; and while rendering adoration, 
prayer and thanksgiving, with deep humility for the 
great and unspeakable gift which brought life and im- 
mortality to light through the gospel, they feel a pro- 
found sense of the bounty received by the hands of the 
Supreme towards the several churches in our connection 
by the overpowering of the Spirit upon them ; not only 
in effecting a great increase in numbers, but in the sub- 
stantial interest of the churches, being supported and 
strengthened by a very great and uncommon measure of 

Address to the President. 



Christian love, union and harmony among the Brethren. 
While we have great cause of thankfulness for all these 
bounties and mercies, we have felt the deepest gratitude 
fo be due for the civil and religious liberties we enjoy 
under the administration of the government over which 
you, Sir, at present preside: for which liberties our 
fathers have, in times past, suffered at the stake and have 
bled and died. 

The sense of contrast between the present msment and 
a lata period when we were feelingly alarmed at the 
threatened invasion upon the general toleration of a free 
conscience in the worship of the God of our Fathers ; 
we have now great reason to shout with loud acclama- 
tions of joy and praise that we now live under our own 
vine and under our own fig-tree in peace. And while 
we pray that the sons of liberty may be long held at the 
helm of government, to rule and govern these United 
States, we feel the strongest emotions to be thankful that 
under your patronage and administration, there is none 
shall make us afraid. 

Living under a government of our own choice where 
the rights of men feel an equal and impartial distribu- 
tion, how much ought we to rejoice at the envied happi- 
ness and freedom of our fellow-citizens throughout these 
States unrivalled and unequalled by any nation on this 
terrestrial globe, and in the midst of national wealth, 
prosperity and peace, added to extent of empire under 
the wise policy of your administration, we feel no danger 
of your violating your trust or attempting to endanger 
the happiness of the people who have chosen you as their 
Chief and Head, And while our prayers and praises are 

18 History op Chowan Baptist Association. 

due to the Sovereign Rulei^ of the Universe, who has 
made you an instrument in his hands to give such bless- 
ings to such a people, we pray that the God of Battles 
may be your sun and shield ; that he may give you grace 
and glory; and that he may withhold no good thing from 
you. And may we devoutly be permitted to add oar 
prayers to the great Disposer of events, if it is His will, 
that that life devoted to public good from the commence- 
ment of our glorious Revolution to the present day, may 
be prolonged with blessings to yourself and common 

Signed by order of the Association. 

Geo. Outlaw, Moderator. 
Lemuel Burkitt, Clerk. 

May 20th, 1806. 

The original answer to the aforesaid address failing to 
come to hand, the President was pleased to send forward 
a duplicate of the answer, in a letter to the Moderator, of 
which the following is a copy: 

Washington, June 24, 1806. 

Sir: — I have duly received the Address signed by 
yourself on behalf of the Ministers and Messengers of the 
several Baptist churches of the North Carolina Chowan 
Association held at Sal«m, and I proffer my thanks for 
the favorable sentiments which it expresses towards my- 
self personally. 

The happiness which our country enjoys in the pur- 
suits of peace and industry ought to endear that cause to 
all its citizens, and to kindle their hearts with gratitude 

The Reply of the President. 19 

to the Being under whose providence these blessings are 
held. We owe to Him especial thanks for the right we 
enjoy to worship Him, every one in his own way, and 
that we have been singled out, to prove by experience, 
the innocence of freedom in religious opinions and exer- 
cises, the power of reason to maintain itself against error, 
and the comfort of living under laws which assure us 
that, in these things, '^ There is none who shall make us 

I am peculiarly gratified by the confidence you express 
that no attempt will ever be made by me to violate the 
trust reposed in me by my fellow-citizens or to endanger 
their happiness. In this confidence you shall never be 
disappointed. My heart never felt a wish unfriendly to 
the general good of my fellow- citizens. 

Be so kind as to present my thanks to the churches of 
your Association, and to assure them of my prayers for 
the continuance of every blessing to them now and here- 
after ; and accept yourself my salutations and assurances 
of great respect and consideration. 

Th. Jefferson. 

Mr. Oeorge Ouilaw. 

In 1811 a committee, appointed the previous 
prepare an address inviting the Associations ia t 
to come together in a general meeting of correspondence, 
reported that they had discharged the daty assigned 
them — that printed copies of the address had been sent 
to many and perhaps all the Associations in the State ; 
and that a large majority of them had appointed dele- 
gales to meet in convention at the Falls of Tar River, ia 
June next, to organize such a meeting. J 

In 1812, the Minutes of the Baptist General ConvenJ 
tion of North Carolina being read in the Association, 
produced sensations truly pleasing; whereupon Brethren 
M. Ross, Spivey, Dossey and Outlaw were appointed Mes- 
sengers to the General Meeting of Correspondence, to 
meet in Raleigh, in July ; also ordered that our Treasurer 
refund the money advanced by our delegates to the Gen- 
eral Convention; and also send $5 to the General Meeting 
of Coirespondence, as the bounty of this Association. 
Messengers and contributions were sent, yearly, to thia 
body till 1821, when it was agreed to suspend corresponds 
ence for this year ; and it was not renewed, i 

No record has been preserved of the business done at 
these meetings, the general object having been specified : 
"for the purpose of disseminating and acquiring infor- 
mation upon religious topics; of promoting the cause of 

eof ■ 



God and of brotherly love." After some disagreement 
as to the partial and contracted plan proposed, it was 
warmly recommended to admit freely, and upon equal 
grounds, all the Baptist Associations in the State ; and it 
was ao constituted. 

Corresponding Associations. 
ViTginia — Portsmouth, Meherrin, Ketockton. 
Maryland — Maryland Baptist Union. 
North fiaroHna — Concord, Kehukee, Neuse, Tar River. 

Societies op Coopkbation. 

Baptist Board of Foreign Missions. 

Baptist General Tract Society. 

Am. Baptist Publication and Sunday School Society. 

S. W. Baptist Publication Society. 

North Carolina Baptist Bible Society. 

North Carolina Baptist State Historical Society, 

American and Foreign Bible Society. 


A record of the transactions of the Association has been 
published every year in the form of Minutes, prepared 
by the Clerk, the churches sending up money to pay him 
for his services and the expense of their publication. 
These seventy-five Minutes were collected by Dr. S. J. 
Wbeeler, for many years Clerk of the body, and bound 
in two volumes, the only successful effort made towards 
securing a history of Chowan Association. These volumes 
were this year, 1880, given to the body as a present from j 
Biater Lucinda B. Wheeler, wife of our deceased brothei 

22 HisTOBY OF Chowak Baptist Association. 

She, too, had passed over the river before the presentation 
of this valnable work. 

The Minutes, at first, as now, contained a brief record 
of the transactions of the session : Organization by elec- 
tion of Moderator and Clerk ; Invitation to Visitors from 
Sister Associations ; Reading of Letters firom Churches ; 
Reception of New Churches ; Resolutions ; Queries ; Ap- 
pointment of Representatives to Corresponding Bodies ; 
Acj closing with a Circular Letter, being in general a 
dissertation on Apostacy, Backsliding, Christian Patience, 
Sanctification, Practical Religion, State of the Churches, 
Ac, Ac 

In 1831, the Circular Letter was dispensed with, and a 
Committee on the State of Religion was, I fancy, some 
improvement Both these and the former papers were 
prepared with much care, sometimes filling fourteen or 
fifteen pages of the Minutes. Prominent lay brethren as 
will as ministers were appointed to write them. 

To this committee were added, from year to year, com- 
mittees on Itineracy, Publications, Periodicals, Temper- 
ance, Sunday Schools, North Carolina Baptist State Con- 
vention, Home Missions^ Foreign ]^(issions, Indian Mis- 
sions, Education, i^c, 4&o«, th^ principal business of the 
body being accompli9h<^t throu)(h rt>(H>rts of committees 
appointed at previous mMon. 

The Church I^etti^n Ih^Jur thnjiicutly so long, as well 
as very ditKcuU to Ih^ Tt^\\, \\n\^\\\\\^\ 90 much time, espe- 
cially as the numln^r of ^hur\'h<)<i iucrca;^, the Associa- 
tion in 1S6(> onic^rtK) \Up V\ptk to (Viruish the churches 
with blanks to bo t\\\^\ with ^Utivtiv^ to take the place 
of the usual lett«r»> «u J on lht» vhiU of the churches the 



give the blanks to the committees on Sabbath 
Schools and Finance, previously announced by the Mod- 
rator. By this arraogement, business is facilitated and 
much confusion avoided. 

In 1856, was priuted in the minutes, the first table of 
benevolent effort in Chowan Association.* 

Forty-seven churches contributed — 

Foreign," $ 278 19 

Foreign Missions, '. 809 85 

Bible Cause 850 00 

Education, 528 12 

Aid to other Churches, 4 75 

82,470 91 

The Minutes of 1831 contained the first List of Minis- 
ters, ordained and licensed — 21 and 11. 

The Minutes of 18GG contained the first List of Churches, 
Pastors, Days of Service : 26 pastors to 49 churches ; only 
iuio, Edenton and Murfreesboro, having preaching every 
Sunday; few, more than one. 

In the early days of the Association a Circular Letter 
was appended to the Minutes of each annual session, from 
1806 to 1831, except when occasionally they were omitted, 
and their place filled by Reports on the State of Religion, 
Itinerancy, Protracted Meetings, or Biographical Sketches 
of Deceased Ministers and Laymen. 

These papers were prepared by brethren appointed at 
the previous session, and though, doubtless, some of them 

*In 1847, 43 churches sent up a contribution tor the ConventloQ of 
1832.33; Home MiBsIone, t400; Bible Society, 4240.53 ; in all 4972.86. 

24 HiSTOEY OF Chowan Baptist Association. 

seemed to many a little prosy, they were well worthy 
hearing ; and the discussions they, no doubt, elicited we 
entertaining and instructive, especially as there was then 
but little general business claiming their attentioo. The 
length of these papers varied from one to fourteen pages 
of the printed midutes. 

The subjects treated were hardly ever of a doctrinal ot , 
polemic character, but of an expository and didactivo 
nature — many of them good sermons. 

In the occasional Reports on the State of Religion, as 
well as the Digest of Church Letters found in a few of 
the minutes, there was litUe variety — rejoicing in the 
outpouriug of the Spirit in one section, while in another 
there was lamentation over the declension of vital godli- 
ness, and consequent lukewarmness. 

In the Minutes of 1875, are found two Circular Letters, 
one on Temperanceand the other on General Benevolence^ 


The finances of Chowan Association were transacted, 
for eight years in English currency, and were conSned 
mainly to the printing and other expenses of the annual 
Minutes, the contributions from the churches making a 
yearly average of jei4.6s. 

In 1SI4, the first contribution made in United States 
currency was $35. The amounts sent up, each year, varied 
but little till 1840, although the number of churches bad 
largely increased. In 1880, the Minute Fund was $127.60; 
and for the 75 years of its history, the aggregate amount 
is $5,883.10; annual average, $78.44. 

Public collections were first ordered to be taken In 


Finances. 2£ 

1819; if taken, there is no record of the amount The 
order waa repeated in 1833, and again in 1836, and 
"large, respectable, and attentive congregationa" report- 
ed — but no collection. In 1839, Elder Trotman was ap- 
pointed to preach, at the next session, on Benevolent 
Effort, and a collection for the Convention ordered to be 
taken. Ero. Trotman preached ; no collection reported 

The first benevolent effort made was in 1812, $5 sent 
to General Meeting of Correspondence. Other contribu- 
tions to the same body were made yearly, amounting to 
$39.50, till 1812, when the correspondence ceased. 

The first public collection taken was in 1841, which, 
with $6 from Salem, $6 from Elizabeth City, and 25 cents 
given by a sister next day, amounted to $54.20. 

These public collections, taken after the Missionary 
Sermon, have been continued, with an occasional omis- 
sion, amounting, from 1841 to 1880, to $3,344 — an annual 
average of $83.60. 

Gbnbkal Summary. 

^Contributions to General Meeting of Correspondence f 39-So 

linute Fund for 75 years, annual average-. _ $78.44. 5.883.II 

'Public Collections, 1841 to l83o, annual average 33.60, 3,344.00 

Contribotiona not including Ihe above 522,675.72 

liregalar colleclion not given in tables 3i90S.59 

Total for seventy-five years (335,847.^ 

The annual average would be $3, 144.64, 

But ts nearly all the collections and conliibutions have been made in the 
last forty years, the annual average would be nearly $6,000. 

The largest annual amount is, in 1874 $21,461.65. 

The last annual amount is, in 1B80 __ 17,390.52. 

No account is given, previous to 1S6S, of Church Expenses, nor till 1S73 

26 History op Chowan Baptist Association. 

of Pastors' Salaries. From 1868 to 1872, four years, Church Expenses and 

Pastors* Salaries amount to _ $35,845.62 

An annual total average of $8,961.40 

•• ** church ** of 193.38, ranging from $7 to $1,200. 
From 1872 to 1880, nine years. Church Expenses, ranging from 

$160 to $1,400, amounted to 29,130.41 

An annual total average of $3,236.71 

*• church '* of 70.00 

During the same period. Pastors' Salaries, ranging from $10 to 

$1,000, amounted to 75.455-47 

An annual total average of $81383.94 

" church •* of 167.35 

(irand total Church Expenses and Pastors' Salaries for 13 years. .$140,431.50 
Average per year $10,802.42. 

It may be well to state that the large amounts reported 
are not in Confederate currency. 

Of the sum total, $54,845 were contributed for Educa- 
tional purposes alone, and, no doubt, much more that is 
not reported. 

The average contributions are estimated, not to expose 
the little that has been done, but to shame us to an in- 
crease of effort in the Master's cause. 

Amount lost in Confederate money, $1,563.25. 


Annual Shssions. 

Since the organization of the Association, its sessions 
have been held alternately ou the eastern and western 
sides of Chowan river, except that the session of 1864, ia 
consequence of the war, was held with the church at 

In 1831 a resolution was passed, providing for the 
division of the Association into tliree districts, embracing, 
I suppose, the territories of the three Union Meetings; 
but this project, before any definite action was taken, was 
rescinded in the session of 1833. 

In 1843 a committee, previously appointed, reported : 
We consider it inexpedient to divide the Association, 
until the wish of the churches be ascertained, and the 
churches were requested to signify the same, in their 
letters to the next session. 

In 1844 of forty-two churches, twenty-eight expressed 
their opposition to a division, five were in favor, the re- 
maining nine were not represented, or failed to express 
an opinion. 

In former times, and for many years, the sessions of 
the body began on Friday, sometimes on Thursday, and 
closed on Sunday. 

In.l832 it was resolved, that in order to prevent, as 
. mach as possible, unnecessary travel on Sunday, that this 

History of Chowan Baptist Association. 

Association ehall commence its sessions, ia future, onl 
Friday and close on Monday. 

In 1856 it was determined to hold the sessions on J 
Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday. 

Attempts have also frequently been made to have the 
meetings earlier or later in the year, but for good reasons 
the month of May seems most suitable. In former years 
three sermons were preached on Lord's day, services be- 
ginning at 9 or 9:30 A. M. Sunday was the " big day," 
now it is Wednesday. Many have long been anxious to 
return to the former custom, having Sunday included, as 
also to divide the Association into East and West Chowan 
Associations, hut neither proposition can obtain a hearing, , 

Such a division, however, as that suggested, would I 
nearly equal, and a judicious arrangement, thus: 

East Chowan. West Chowan, 
Camden 3 Churches, Bertie ISOburcheStl 



Washington .. 

Chowan 6 

Currituck 4 

Dare 1 

Galea 5 

Pasquotank... 4 

Perquimans.. 6 " 36 " 

Tyrrell 3 


Membership 5,308 5,802 

Contributions about the same. Number of miniaten 
nearly equal. There would also be an equal proportion 
of the old churches in the two divisions. The number 
of Sunday schoola nearly equal. 


Annual Sessions. 

Daub and I^^oe op Sessions of Associations. 

Ballard's Bridge,.. 

i 1887. 


i 1S40. 


Camden U.H.,. 

CaBhle,— . 

f ims. 
■ 118S4. 


■ 1827. 
^ 1867. 

Connaritsa, - {1R73' 

Coweniock,...»» - 1834. 

Coleralne, (Wiccacon),.. 


Oieat Fork, 

Elizabeth City,- 




Middle Swamp, {1802' 

Sessione of tlie Kehukee Association were held with :— 


Mt. Carmel 

Mt, Tabor, 

Outlaw's Chapel,.. 

Piney Grove, , 

Fleaaatit Grove,..., 

( 1847. 



Powell's Point... 
Ramoth Gilead,.. 


Sandy Cross,.. 
Sandy Bun,. ... 

Sawyer's Creek,.. 


1. 1876, 


f 18OB. 
\ 163S. 


Sandy Run,.. 

1783. II Teopim, „.... 

I79EI. And General Conference, 
17S4. II 

These 75 sessions of the As.sociation have heea held 
with only 35 of tie 86 churches, Wiccacon and Coleraine 
being the same, as are also Smith's -Church and Mt. Oar- 

30 History of Chowan Baptist Association. 

mel, 46 Ministers preached the 75 Introiiuctory Ser- 
mons. Geo. M, Thompson preached 5; Martiu Ross, Q- ' 
H. Trotman, 4 each ; Aaron Spivey, James Wright, Joba 
Harrell, Reuben Lawrence, James Ross, John Mitcliell, J 
3 each ; R. B. Jones, T. J. Ki,Bpp, B. B. Williams, R. R. ( 
Overby, T. W. Babb, 2 each; and 34 others 1 each. 

Official Digest. 

Clerks. No of years, 

Lemuel Burkett, 2 

Aaron Spivey, 6 

John Hamilton, 1 

Rich'd Poindexter,... 1 

Thos, Meredith, 1 

James Wright, , 16 

J. G. Hall 5 

John Peellee I 

J. L. Grimes,... 1 

S. J. Wheeler, 2» 

John Mitchell, 2 

W. C. Parker. 12 

Moderators, JVo. of years. 

George Outlaw, 13 

Aaron Spiyey, 3 

ThoB. Brownrigg, 4 

Martin Ross, 2 

James Ross, 3 

James Wright, 2 

Thos. Jordan, 2 

John Harrell, 1 

Issac Baxter, 4 

G. C. Moore, 36 

R. B. Jones, 1 

R. R, Overhy, 1 

T.D.Boone, 2 

W. H. Manning, 1 

Seven of the Moderators were Ministers, and the other 
seven were Laymen. Only the last threeare living. Six 
of the Clerks were Ministers, and the other six were Lay- 
men. Only the last two are now living. 

The Moderator receives no salary. The Clerk receives ! 
pay for transcribing the Minutes, and attending to the 1 
printing and distributing the same. 

In the original Constitution provision was made for a 
TreaBurer and his duties defined. In 1835, a series of 
rules adopted for the government of the Association, 

Annual Sessions. 


makes no mention of a Treasurer, the duties of this 
officer beiug, for many years, discharged by the Clerk. 
Of late years, it has been thought better to have a special 
officer to manage the financial departiuent. In 186!l, 
Bro. W. W. Mitchell was elected Treasurer, and continued 
to discharge the duties of the office faithfully till 1879, 
when, not being able to attend, Bro. J. S. Mitchell was 
chosen to fill this important office. The Treasurer has 
no salary. The Clerk's salary has varied from $15 to $25 
per annum. 

lisT OF THE Ministers who preached Introductory Sem- 


John Wall, 1 

Martin Rob3, 4 

jHiaeB BosE. 3 

James Nowell, 1 

Aaron Spivey, 3 

Hich'd Poinnextor, 1 
Jnmes Wrig^ht, 3 
Jolni Brice, 1 

NntliiinLel Pniden, 1 
Luther Rice, 1 

Johu Rowe. 1 

JohnH»rrcll, 3 

Jere. Etheridi^, 1 
W. H. Jordan, 1 

Keuben Lawrence, 3 
G. M. ThompBon, 6 
or the texU, 24 wer 
New Testament, O: 
csxsvll : 5, 1). 

Thomas Meredith 
Q. H. Trotraaii, 
A. M. Craig, 
Henry Speight, 
Kvaii Forljes, 
John Nowell. 
Thomiis Waff, 
n. SanOerlin. 
J, G. Bariiley, 
M.It. Forey, 
Aaron Jones, 
W. P. Brilton, Jr., 
W. M Wingate, 
J. B. Taylor, : 

L, M. Carter, 
J. L. Prlchard, 

T. H. Pritcliarii, 1 

— . —. Weatherin. 1 

W. W. Koiie, 1 

T. J. Knapp, 2 

B. B. Wlliiarag, ■> 

R. B. Jones, 2 

R. R. Overby, 2 

John Mltclieil, 3 

J M. C. Lnke, I 

J. D. Hutham, I 

R. R, Savage, 1 

T. W. Babb, 2 

A. D. Cohen, 1 

O, C. Horton, 1 

T. G. Wood, 1 

J. P. Lee, 1 

B Feleeted from tlie Old Testament, 51 (rom the 
dy two persona used the same test—P^lmi 

HisTOBY OF Chow AH Baptist Association. 



H 2 









Hertford Co., 







Dropped In 1862. 
fKehukee Atso. 

BBllard'i Bridge, 

ChowBD " 



{ met With thb 
1. church in 1873. 


Paaquotank, " 







Changed to Sandy 
Run. 1825. 




fDl^solTed IS17. 


Pasquotank, " 



\ Restored 1836. 
( Dropped 1830. 


Hertford " 



Brantlj's Grove, 

Hertford " 







f Member orisln- 





\ al K. Agao. 
l Drop'd 1813. 





f Received Into 





\ KehukeeAuo. 
I in 1778. 

Cedar Branch, 




Chappel'B HUl, 







/First called WIc 


B-Ttie " 



Conoco nary, 




Dropped 1858. 

Cool Spring, 

Oales " 




Northampton " 



Co wen Jock, 





List op Chdbches. 33 ^H 











Dudley's Grove, 

Hertford Co., 



Called Spence'B ^H 
M.H. 11111851. ^H 

Oldch. dropp'd. ^H 
New ch. recog- ^^H 
nlzed 1834. ^H 


Camden " 




Chowan *' 




Northampton " 



Yasser's till 1847. ^H 

Ellaabeth City, 

Patqnoiank " 



Free Chapel, 

Washington " 







Gates " 



(■Joined PortB- 

-J mouth Associa- 
l tion 1872. 

Great Fork, 



Great Hope. 
_, Green's X Roads, 

FerqnimanB " 



Bertie " 



K Gum Neck, 



Dropped 1872. 
(Represented 2, 

1 HftmUtoD, 









Northampton " 




Perqniraans " 



Holly Gisve, 

Bertie " 



Jacob's Pillar, 



KDob's Crook, 

Pasquotank " 



Dropped 1811. 

Lawrence's X Roads, 




Little AlllEator, 




/Changed Mount 
\ Zlon 1848. 


Chowan " 



lbra< Hill, 




f Received Into K. 

J Abb, 17&4. Be- 

_. Heherrln, 

Hertford " 




HdnUdle Swaiop, 




WHt. Carmel, 

NortliamptoD " 

1823 1823lSmith'BCh. tUl '48. 

34 HiSTOEY OF Chowan Baptist Association. 








Mt. Lebanon, 

Washington Co., 



Mt. Pleasant, 



MC. Tubor, 




-Mt. Zion, 




Little Allgiitor till 






New Hope. 





Korth Baiikg, 



[)roppeil 1832. 

Outlaw'8 Chapel, 



Dropped 1825. 

Pliiey Grove, 




Pleasant Orove, 

Hertforil " 



fDlsnilsMby let- 

Pleasant Plains, 




i ter 1S70. Col- 
[ ored. 


WasblnKton " 




Northampton " 



Pinvdll's Point, 

Currituck " 












Ramoth Gllead, 

Pasquotank " 












Dissolved 1817. 

Rouiioke laUnd, 

Dare " 



Kob rt'H Chapel, 

Northampton " 

J 848 










Rai'i- M. H., 







Sandy Cross, 




1825. Uem. orlg. 

Sandy Run, 




K. Ass. K. Au. 
met here In 1784. 

Sawyer's Creek, 




Received Into K, 
Asao. 1790. 

List ov Choechks. 












Shady Grove. 

Currituck Co., 











Smith's Cbnrcb, 

Northampton " 



/Changed to Ht. 
"i Carmel 1848. 

Sound Side. 




/Dropped 1853; 
1, Restored 1869. 
gtorad'42; clian- 

Spence'B U. H.. 





Vas8er'« M. H., 



Propped 1808. 
Now Blam. 


Oiowan " 



Watery Swamp, 



Last report 1867. 
(Joined Tar Riv- 




i et Association 
i 1879. 

WhlU) Oak, 




WhitcTllIe GroTC, 

Perquimans " 



f Received Into K 
Ass. 1700; chan- 


Hertford " 



ged to Coleraine 

1 1838. 

Win ton. 





Perqidmans " 



fKehukee Aeeo. 


Cbowan " 



{ met with this 
I church In 1785. 

These are eigbty-siz churches that have, since its or- 
ganization in 1806, cpmposed Chowan Association. 

36 History of Chowan Baptist Association. 

Cashie church, when constituted, was located one mile 
east of Windsor, its present location. 

Enok's Crook (the stream from which it took its name 
being now called Knob's Creek) was within two miles of 
Elizabeth City. 

Meherrin, sometimes known as Parker's, is situated 
nearly one mile soiirth west of Murfreesboro. 

Wiccacon church was located fouc miles firom Cole- 


■Union Meetings. 
The existence of Union Meetings antedates that of 
Chowan Association. As early as 1802 four of these or- 
ganizations are mentioned in the History of Kehukee 
Association. Two of them were embraced entirely with- 
in the present Ihnits of th« Chowan Association, as was 
also the third, except two- churches in Pitt county ; while 
the fourth contained only one church, Quankie, Halifax 
Leounty, which was a member of this Association only 
\foT a short time. 

One of these Union Meetings lay on the east side of 

Ihowan river, and embraced seven churches in four 

munties; Cowinjock, Curretuck county; Camden and 

"Sawyer's Creek, Camden county; Ballard'a Bridge and 

Yeopim, Chowan county ; Flatty Creek and Knob's 

Crook, Perquimans county. 

The second, called Bertiu Union Meeting, was com- 
posed of: Bertie, Connaritsa, Cashie and Wiccacon, 
Bertie county ; Meherrin, Hertford county. 

The third numbered two churches in Martin county, 
[two in Pitt and one in Washington, all, I believe now 

One church in Nash and four churches in Halifax con- 
Itituted the fourth, called Swift Creek Union Meeting. 

A few of the churches, it is said, did not join in these 
Dnion Meetings which were attended with great bless-' 

38 History of Cho-wan Baptist Association. 

inga. At some of them four thousand people wodM 
tend, with fifteen or sixteen ministers — more than 
have at these meetings now. Many were sometimes con* 
verted. In later years these meetings haveassnmed moi 
of a business character, 'bringing in works to enliven 01 
faith — the work of Missions, Sunday Schools, &c. 

At present the territory of the Association is dividi 
into three districts: One west of Chowan river, deno] 
inated the Bertie Union Meeting, consists of the Bap( 
churches in the counties of Bertie, Hertford, Northai 
ton, one church in Martin, Cedar Branch, and one 
Washington, Plymouth. 

Camden and Currituck Union Meeting, composed 
the Baptist churches in Camden and Currituck counties, 
and one church, Salem, in Pasquotank county. 

Yeopim Union Meeting, composed of the Baptist 
cliurclies in the counties of Chowan, Gates, Pasqnotank 
(except Sa)em), and Perquimans. 

Attempts have been recently made to consolidate tbeee 
last two Union Meetings into one ; but, as yet, no definite 
action has been taken. 

There was also, for several yeara, u fourth Union Meet- 
ing, called Washington and Tyrrell, mentioned in the 
minutes, in connection with the others, from 1 834 to 18&0. 
Nothing is said of its dissolution, nor is it again 
in the minutes. 

Recently,since our last Association.Scuppernong Union 
Meeting was organized, embracing Mt. Zion, Sound Side, 
and Sharon, in Tyrrell county, and Mt. Pleasant, in 
Washington county. 

In 1812, Bethel cbatch requested in her letter that all. 

Union Mbktisgs. 


i the Union Meetings be under the direction of the Asso- 
ciation. This request was, very properly, referred to the 
churches, and no response was given. 

These Union Meetings holding their sessions on the 

fifth Sundays and Saturdays and Fridays preceding, have, 

in late years, acted in concert with the State Mission 

Bocrd and Education Board, their Executive Committees 

receiving the money sent up by the cburehes for Home 

Mission work, and disbursing it according to their judg- 

ment in supplying preaching in destitute portions of their 

H'Dvn territory, or aiding the State Board in other locali- 

Hties. Contributions to Education and Foreign Missions 

Ksre transmitted to the Education Board and Foreign Mis- 

Raion Board. 

^F They have also labored in establishing and fostering 

Sunday Schools ; and for many years did a noble work in 

Oolportage, distributing Bibles, Hymn-Books, Tracts, and 

general religious literature. In this labor they were en- 

l:couraged and aided by Bible, Tracf and Publication So- 

[cdeties. Is it not desirable und imperative that this labor 

■ 1)6 resumed and prosecuted to even better success with 

§^the increased facilities at present available? 

The public collections taken on Sundays, after the Mis- 
tuonary Sermon, are equally divided between Home and 
Foreign Missions, and Education. 

The importance and interest attached to these meet- 
Ejngs maybe estimated by the vast, and in general, orderly 
BTowds that attend their sessions, giving to these gather- 
tiDgS) not unfrequently.the appearance of Associations. 

One advantage to the churches arising from these meet- 
pngs ia, that many of them, either in consequence of in- 

40 History of Chowan Baptist Association. 


Accessibility from so large a territory &s the ABSocial 
or inability to iucur the expense of entertaining so large 
a number of delegates, can, with the assistance of their 
neighbors, accommodate the smaller number of delegates 
to these bodies. Visitors seldom, if ever, suffer for vaot 
of attention. 

Other Associationa have Missionary Unions, Ministers 
and Deacons' Meetings, Sunday School Institutes, all 
auxiliary iu some way, to the more comprehensive and 
extended work of the District and General Associatioi 
or Conventions. 

Ministerial Ordination. 

Different plans have been adopted, from time to time, 
for the examination and ordination of candidates for the 
ministry. These, after trial, have been found to be inef- 
ficient, impracticable, or, in some way, unsatisfactory. 
Partialities of churches and individuals have, sometimes, 
injudiciously put in the sacred office persons either in-, 
competent or having no field of labor which circan-i 
stances rendered available. 

In 1825, the committee, appointed to submit the m< 
scriptural and prudent process for advancing candidatM 
to the ministry, suggested that this be assigned astlUi 
subject for the next Circular Letter, and that the churchti 
be advised to observe all poaaibte care in this important, 
matter. A committee of 6ve was appointed to write tha 
Utter. At the next session the committee reported 
prepared, and was discharged. 

In 1S32 a committee of nine was appointed to alt«adi 
to the examiDation and ordination of candidates for 


Union Mbbtihqs. 




mioistry, three to be selected from each Union Meeting, 
three of the nine being necessary to perform the duty. 
Elders Ross, Lawrence, Delk — Meredith, Thompson, Eth- 
eridge — Hall, Doxey and Forbes constituted the com- 

In 1833, Resolved, That the committee on ordinations, 
appointed last year, be discharged, and that this Associa- 
tion deeply regrets the evils resulting from injudicious 
ordinations and earnestly recommend the churches to 
cause bauds to be laid on no man until some Providence 
shall arise to demand such a measure. 

In 1834, Resolved, That this Association recommend to 
the churches, that whenever they wish one of their num- 
ber ordained, they send him up to the Association for ex- 
amination and ordination. 

In 1836, Resolved, That some suitable person he chosen 
to examine such candidates for ordination as the churches 
may send up for ordination. 

This plan was pursued for several years, and the can- 
didate being examined before the body, and the exami- 
nation satisfactory, was ordained by a presbytery before 
the Association or before his own church, if requested. 
Difficulties, however, having arisen, and objections being 
urged to the plan, it was finally abandoned, and the or- 
dination of ministers remanded to the churches, when 
-and where only it properly belongs. 

In 1867, it waB agreed that the ordination of candidates 
for the ministry can be consummated only by a pres- 
bytery of two or more Elders called by the church of 
which the candidate is a member. 

In 1876, the ckurcb at Koanoke Island having re- 

42 HiSTOET OP Chowan Baptist Association. 

quested thia AssociatioD to send a presbytery to ordi 
one of their members, we suggest to them that it is com- 
petent for the church to call a presbytery for that pur- 
pose, and that it is the only properly authorized body to 
do so. 

In 1877, Eesolved, That a conamittee of six beappoin' 
three on the east and three on the west side of Chowan 
river, from which committee the churches of the Associ- 
ation he requested to select the presbytery in every case 
of ministerial ordination. This, after discussion, was 
voted down. 

In 1878, Resolved, That the churches be advised to ex- 
ercise much prayerful caution in calling men to ordioft- 
tion, and that they also call in some of our wisest aod 
most experienced men to aid them in deciding on cases 
which come before them. 


Last Action. 

In 1880, the church at Yeopira having requested of 
Association the ordination of Bro. Thomas Bonner, the 
Association informed said church, by a committee, that 
the ordination of Bro. Bonner is a matter over wbicb 
this body has no jurisdiction whatever, but that it be- 
longs entirely to the church where he holds bis member- 
ship, and that they alone are the proper authority to calli 
a presbytery for this purpose. 


List on Minibtebs. 

Barber, B. F. 
Bark1«7. J. G. 
Battle, AmoB J. 
Baiemore, Stephen 
■eavlnx, WUIUm 
Bell, Joihiu 

Beny, Abner 
Best. E. A. 
BElllngs, T. 
Bogart, C. P. 
Boone, Jesae B. 
Brad Ford, 0«on{« 


List of Ministbbs. 43 ^H 

List of MiniStebs — Continued. ^| 

Bray, Jolia 

Hariiaon, Trezevant 

Newborn. W, J. 

Briclchouse, L. C. 

Hanson, William L. 

Nixon. Barnabas 

Brigga, Wella 

H«yea, William 

Noweil, John 

Britton, Wm. P. 

Hendrey, Robert 

No well, John 

Bunch, Ephmlnl 

HendriekeoQ, C. R. 

Bunch. Jeieujiuh 

Hog-ard, J. N. 

Overby, R. R. 

Buiford, A. W. 

Hoiganl, Thorn aa 

Overton. W. C. 

BurklU, Lemuel 

Hooper, Wlillam 



Horron, 0. C. 

Parker, Heraey B. 

Cobb, Hardy 

Howell, Edward 

Patrick, Selby 

Cobb, Needham B. 

Hultiam, J. D. 

Peed, H. G. 

Cohen, A. D. 


Pen.ler, I. W. 

Corbell. Malachl 

Johnson. G. W. 

Pendietoi., Lemuel J. 

Cra[g, Andrew M. 

Jonea, Aaron 

Pcttijohn, Jiib 

Crumple r, John 

Jonea, M. 

Phillipa. J.H. 


Jones, M W. 

Pierce. Edwards 

DanlelB, J. A. 

Jonea, R. B. 

Pii>in(l, Mills 

Delbrid^e, B. W, 

Jordan. E. 

Pitman, Thomas 

Delk, Jamea 

Jordan, John 

Polndester. Richard 

iI>elon, Natban 

Jonlan, Pritchard 

Potter, William 

Doasoy, WJlllani 

Jordan, Win. HUl 

Powell, Jesse 

l>oxey. William 

Jordan, W. P. 

Prichard. John L. 

Duke, David 


Pritchard, T. H. 


Keland, H. 

Pritchard, W. D. 

Elwell, J. D. 

King, B. F. 

Pruden. Nathaniel 

Etherldge, D. V. 

Knapp, T. J. 


Etheridpe. Jeremiah 

Knight, W. B. 

Rascoe. Jacob D. 

B the ridge, Thomaa 

Kone, W. W. 

Rayner, Amoa 


Repiton, A. Paul 

Farnaworth, B. F, 

Land, Robt. H. 

Rhodes, M. C. 

Fitcber, W. L. 

Lanadeil. J. J. 

Roberta, D. J. 

Fleetwood. J, C. 

Lassiter, R. 

Rochelle, J. J. 

■Forbes, Evan 

Laurence. Reuben 

Rooke. T. J. 

Forey, M. R. 

Leary. Weat 

Ro>8, James 

Foreter, Joseph 

Leary, William 

Ross, Martin 


Lte, Jobn P. 

Rowe, John 

Gardner, 8. E. 

Luke, J. M. C. 

Rutland, James 

Qilltam, Moses 



OillliaDd, D. 

Maget, Wm. L. 

Saaderlin, Dosaey 

Goodman, D. 

Markuin, Thomas 

Sanderlin, Lemuel 

Goodwin, J. M. 

Miitthews, J. R. 

Savage, R. R. 

1 Gwaitney, L. R. 

McDonald, W. B. 

Sliaw, John A. 

■ ° 

McDowell, A. 

Shaw. William A. 

■ Hall, James Q. 

Meredith, Thomas 

Simpson, Q. T. 

K Hancock. Everett 

Mitchell, John 

Skinner, Thoa. B. 

K Hardee, W. H. 

Mizeli, M L. 

Speight, Henry 

^■Harrell, Amos 

HorrU, HUary 


■ Barren, David 


Speight, T. T. 

■HaneU. Jobn 

Nash, James 

Spivey, Aaron 

44 History op Chowak Baptist AesocSiram^ 

' MiinsTER9 — Continued, 

Spive^, Aaron J. 
Spivev, Hpnry 
Stokelcy, J. D. 

Tntuni, Samuel 
Thorn pson, G. M, 
Thorn. Levi 
T-oIman. Q. H. 
Tru« blood, B. 
Tuttle, J. F. 
Twine, Abram 
In all 170 Hlnteters not iDCludlng I.icentlatea. 

Sunday Schools. 


Wftff. ThomoB 
Wall, John 
Weatherly, H. T. 
Webb, Ji'hn B. 
Welsh, Mites 

Weymouth, Thofl. 
Wheeler, JpBse 
White, Henry 
Wh;tc. Hnrvey J. 
White. William 
Wllllamg, B, B. 
(VllllaniB. Geo. 
Wood. Thos. O. 
Worrell. S. W. 
Wright, Jumes 

We find in the Minutes n 
till 1830, when the followinj 

' mention of Sunday Scbw 
reaolutiou was passed : 

Resolved, That we recommend to the churches to or- 
ganize and support Sunday Schools for the moral ancl- 
religious education of the rising generation. J 

Nest year the request was repeated, and BourishiQ^I 
ecbools were reported at Bethel, Edenton, Elizabeth City 
and Salem. No statistics given. 

In 1836, we have the first printed report, made by Dr. 
8. J. Wheeler, in which we find the statement that Sab- 
bath Schools are the nurseries of the church. John Wea- 
]Ay said he wouhl be satisfied with the progress Metho* 
disra would make, if the young children of the inflnen- 
tiul classes could have Methodist norses. 

In 18^17, the report strongly urged the importance and 
practicability of establishing and maintaining Sunday 
Schools in all the churches. 

In 1838, it was ordered that the churches, in their As- 
sociatioiial letters, record the Dumber of TeacUera aod 

SuNDAT Schools. 


Scholars iu Sunday Schools. No statiatiea were appended 
to the Minutes till 1848, when there were reported 9 
Schools, 82 Teachers, 559 Scholars and 325 vols, in Li- 
braries. From 185G to 1863 the Minutes coulaioed no 
Sunday School statistics in the general table. 

In 1868, there was inserted a special table for Sunday 
Schools, embracing many items of interest. In this year, 
out of 45 churches, 40 report 47 schools, 2,156 scholars. 
From that time till now, 1880, a period of 13 years, there 
have been recorded 1,529 conversions. 

Contributions, first reported in 1872, have in 9 years 
amounted to $3,309.44. 

In the report for 1878, we find the following: — The 
plan of raising funds by organizing the children into 
Missionary Societies, and making them "Little Leaders" 
in the work, has proven a wonderful success, and infused 
much interest in the work. 

Two years previous the Inlernational Series of Bible 
Lessons was introduced, and adopted in most of th« 

The State Board has done a great and noble work in 
this department of christian labor; and many individu- 
als have given their influence and means in pushing for- 
ward this important enterprise with an energy and zeal 
worthy the plaudit, " Well done, good and faithful ser- 

Last Eepobt, 1880. 
Of 70 churches, 55 report 77 schools, 106 conversions. 
i Contributions $578.73. 

Bethel reports 5 schools ; Ballard's Bridge, 4 ; Berea, 

46 History of Chowan Baptist Associatioit. 

Sbiloh aud Cool Spring, each 3 ; eleven churches, each 23 
thirty-aeven, each 1 school. 

Twenty schooJs are evergreen — 12 months. 

There were, no doubt, several schools not reported, 1 
some of the 15 churches not reporting schools wei 
represented at this session. 

Let us thauk God for the signal favor shown in tbU 
portion of the work of the church, and take courage. 


Though incidentally alluded to in one or more of the 
Circular Letters, and also as the cause of diSicullies in 
churches, no action was taken on the subject of Temper-; 
ance, or rather /jifeniperance, until in 1830, when we fil 
in the minutes the following; 

Whereas, The practice of drinking ardent spirits hi 
long been too prevalent in our communities ; 

iicnolved, That the churches he requested to strive 
suppress this practice, as far as possible. 

In 1831, Besolved, That the churches composing thi» 
Association be recommended to constitute Temperance 
Societies on the Total Abstinence Principle. 

In 1832, the church at North Banks was dropped froi 
the Association, in consequence of serious disordeia trai 
able to the use of ardent spirits. 

In 1836, some of the churches had formed Temperani 
Societies, others had not. The recommendation was re- 
newed, and ministers urged to preach sermons and de- 
liver lectures on the subject. 

In 1837, it was decided that we have no right to baj a 
man shall not make ardent spirits. All that we can do. 



ice m 


ia to make an effort by mild means to prevent the im- 
proper use of this fiend. 

Resolved, therejore, Tiiat the churches be requested to 
adopt resolatiooa like the following: 

Reiolved, That if a member of a Baptist church shall 
have been known to be drunk, for the first offence he 
sh^U be expelled, and not restored unless he make a posi- 
tive promise to abstain from the u e of ardent spirits en- 
tirely. Furthermore, that we consider a person drunk 
when, unJer the influence of ardent spirits, he says or 
does things which he would not do otherwise. 

In 1811, Resolved, That we form a General Temperance 
(Society, to be called the Chowan Temperance Union, to 
hold its annual meetings with the Association. 

In 1846, Resolved, That every member of the churches 
of this Association be requested to discontinue any prac- 
tice which may tend to intemperance of any kind. 

In 1860, Resolved, That this Association disapproves 
the sale or use of ardent spirits as a beverage, in any 
^quantity, at any time or place, and especially by Baptists. 

In 1874, Resolved, Tliat this Association withdraw fel- 
lowship from those members that visit and drink habitu- 
ally at tippling shops. 

Last Action. 

In 1880, Resolved, That it is imperative that the preach- 
ers of this Association use their best endeavors iu their 
ubiic and private ministrations to induce all the mem- 
ors of their charges to foster temperance as one of the 
>blessed fruits of the Spirit. 

These and similar resolutions have been passed sine* 
1836, when the first Report on Temperance was submit- 
The attempt has been made to discontinue the cona- 
fnittee on this subject, as its discussion often consumes 

48 History of Chowan Baptist Association. 

much time, and intemperate remarks are freqaently made ; 
but some fear that its omission would be construed unfa- 
vorably, as indicating, if not approbation of the evil, at 
least, weakness of opposition. 

I copy one Report on Temperance, as a model report, 
on this or on any other subject, made in 1876 : 

" Temperance is one of the cardinal virtues of the chfis- 
tian religion, and should be cultivated by all church- 
members and churches, both on account of the blessings 
resulting from its practice, and because of the evils flow- 
ing from its opposite — the vice. Intemperance. 

** We would recommend to the churches a prayerful and 
earnest practice of this virtue, and a careful effort to shun 
the very appearance of its opposite vice." 


Closely allied with religious iuatruction, is the im- 

r provfement of the mind ; and for maoyjeara the Chowan 
Association lias fostered, not only in her own bordera, 
but outside her territory, institutions of leartiiog, both for 
males and females. 

■ III 1827, a commniiicatiftn of Columbian College, Dis- 

rtrict of Colunibia, is appended to the minutes, advising 

' ttie brethren to give their aid either by contributions in 
money or by sending their sons to that College to be 
educated, there being, as yet, no similar institutiou in 
our State. 

In 1828, a statement of the Trustees of Columbian Col- 
lege appears in the minutes, setting forth the completion 

I of the subscription of $50,000 and the election of Dr 

pChapin to the Presidency. 

f In 1837, the general agent reports secured $11,000 of 
the $15,000 needed, and the question is asked; "Will it 
be thought too mucti for us in North Carolina to attempt 
to raise ?2,000?" (I). Wbether ever raised or not, is not 
reported, I suppose not; for before this another object 
claimed their atteniion. 

tVAKB Forest Institute — Wake Forest Colleqb, 
Wake County, North Carolina. 
Wake Forest College, first styled Wake Forest Manual 
Abor Institute, and, after a short time, when this chi- 

50 History of Chowan Baptist Association. 

merical bubble burst, simply as Wake Forest Institute, is 
the offspring of the North Carolina Baptist State Con- 
vention. It may also be justly claimed as the foster 
child of Chowan Association. Though not located within 
her limits, this institution, from its earliest existence to 
the present, has received liberal contributions in pupils 
and funds from Chowan Association. 

During the first year of its history, 1834, the Associa- 
tion passed this resolution : 

"Resolved, That this body highly approves the prin- 
ciples, plans and objects of Wnke Forest Institute." 

This was not all : in response to the urgent appeals of its 
Principal, Elder Samuel Wait, many boys from Chowan 
Association went up to till the fields and to study in the 
Academic groves of Wake Forest Institute. 

In 1836, Bro. J. J. Finch, as chairman of a committee 
on Wake Forest Institute, urged its claims on the Baptists. 

In 1838, Bro. C. W. Skinner presented a long report, 
closing with this resolution : 

" Resolved, That it is expedient to open, at this meeting, 
a subscription for the relief of Wake Forest Institute." 

After the reception of the report, Bro. Wilcox, the 
agent, received subscriptions amounting to $2,000. 

Since then the sessions of the Association have been 
regularly attended by President, Professor or Agent of 
Wake Forest Institute or Wake Forest College, their 
presence and participation adding largely to the interest 
of the meetings, awakening and directing the zeal of the 
brethren, not only in the cause of education, but also in 
the general business that claimed the attention of the body. 



From 1836 till now, a committee on Wake Forest Col- 
lege has constituted a regular item in the business of the 

Some of these annual reports bear the name of T. H. 
Pritiibard, now the worthy President of his Alma Mater. 
■In the report for 1855, he saj's: 

" Endow Wake Forest College, and like Oxford of 
Koglaud, it will be a temple of light, learning and piety 
to glorify God and bless humanity." 

Other of these reports were prepared by the lamented 
K. B. Jones and W. M. Wingate, and we all remember 
the fervid zeal with which each iu his peculiar way, 

■essed the claims of every good and noble enterprise. 

Nearly all the agents that have helped to make Wake 
iForest I Jollege what it is, have been selected from Chowan 

Iu 1854, the sum of $4,000 was subscribed to the en- 
dowment of Wake Forest College, after an animated dis- 
QQEsion on the annual report. 

In 1874, Renolved, That we endow a Professorship in 
^ake Forest College, to be called the Chowan Chair. 

This is not yet completed, but soon will be, I hope. 

In 1880, the churches, througli their ministers, pledged 
|1,000 to complete the Wingate Memorial Building. 

Dr. Samuel Wait, Dr. William Hooper, Prof. J. B. 
White, Prof. William H. Owen (during a short interreg- 
u), Dr. W. M. Wingate, Dr. T. H. Prit^hard, have suc- 
MBsively presided over the interests of this institution. 

The untiring labors and generous liberality of ita 
Ariends, the living and the dead, have, at last, relieved 

HisToay of Chowan Baptist Association. 

the College from pecuniary embarrassmonts, erected t 
ditional tasteful and commodious buildiiige, improved 
the grounds, and prosecuted the endowment to a poiot 
encouragiag to its many friends. 

Chowan Baptist Female Institotb, MuBFitEESBoa 
North Cabolina. 
In 1848, Chowan Association, being in session with the 
Ramoth Gilead cliurcli, received a communication from 
the Bertie Union Meeting, relative to the establishment 
of a Female High School, and the following resolution 
was a 



Whereas, Tlie Bertie Union Meeting has proposed the-^ 
establislimeiit of a Female School of high order, to be 
under the patronage of this Association, and to be lo- 
cated at some proper place within our borders; and, 
whereas, the Trustees appointed by said Union Meetins 
hove sent out an agent to takesubs^iptions tonccnmplish 
that object; and, whereas, that agent has nearly $1,000, 
the greater portion of which has been subscribed on con- 
dition of locating the school in the town of Murfreesbnro, 
North Carolina; and, whereas, the establishment of such 
a school is justly regarded as having an important bear- 
ing on our denominational interests; therefore, 

Ilesotved, That this Association most cordially approTi 
the enterprise, and recommends it to the liberal suppi 
of our brethren and friends. 

Resolved, That as only a few trustees have been ap- 
pointed to manage and control the, 
we now appoint trustees to compose a full Board, w bo 
shall have power to adopt such measures as they c 
think requisite for the school. . 

Resolved, That the Board be instructed to obtain i 
Act of Incorporation from the next Legislature. The * 
foliowiug persons were then elected trustees : G. G. Moore, 



ri ap- 
,, who 

tin u^l 

Eddoation, 63 

A. J. Perry, J. W. Barnes, of the Bertie Union Meeting; 
3. L. Tirrell, W. Stalliuga, W. Riddick, of Yeopim Union 
Meeting ; J. Carver, W. P. Forbes, J. E. Morgan, of Cam- 
den and Currituck Union Meeting; J. T. Halsey, E. P. 
Melsou, J. W. Beasley, of Wasbington and Tyrrell Union 

In 1849, the Committee on Education reported tliat the 
trustees appointed had purchased the old Academy lot in 
Wurfreesboro for $1,225, and had fitted it up for imme- 
3 use. They had selected Rev. A. McDowell as Prin- 
nipal, who called to his aid the requisite assi.stants. 

The Institute was formally opened October llth, 1848, 
with 11 students, the number soon increasing to 47, The 
■chool was soon subjected to a severe trial, by the occur- 
rence of small-pox in the'town in April, 1849, which in- 
duced the Principal to suspend the exercises of the school 
lid subsequently to resign bis connection with the Insti- 

The exercises of the school were resumed May 1st, un- 
Jer the direction of Rev, M. R. Fory, Principal, pro. lem. 
The number of pupils increasing, the limited accomino- 
tiona proved insufficient to accommodate all that applied, 
nd a few friends uniting with several of the trustees, or- 
janiited a joint-stock company, for the purpose of erect- 
ing a large and tasteful edifice to meet the demands for 
nple accommodation. 

In 1851, the company purchased a new site for the In- 
ititule, and contracted for the erection of the new edifice, 

November 3, 1852, the building was completed and oe- 

Ihe entire cost of premises, buildings and oat- 

St was $34,002.09, and ths Institute entered on this new 

54 HisTOEY OF Chowan Baptist Association. 

departure witli bright auspices and the cooGdeat ho] 
of ita many friends for a brilliant future. 

Tbe Portsmoutb (Va.) Association cordially united with 
□9 in sustaining the Institute by patronage and funds, 
one church having contributed more than $1,OUO. This 
friendly sympathy and hearty cooperation still coDtinaes, 
extemling beyond the Portsmouth into other Assncis- 
tions of the Stale. Of the thouEands of pupils that have 
attended the school during the thirty-three years of its 
existence, one-third, if not more, have been from Vir- 
ginia; and of the one hundred and five graduates fifty- 
one were from Virginia, showing that North Carolina 
and Virginia are sisters in education as well as in com> 

In 1854, M. R. Forey retired and was eacceeded by Rev. 
Wm. Hooper, D. D., LL. D. During this year 160 stu- 
dents were in attendance, the largest number present at 
any one time during its existence. 

In 1860, the Board of Trustees agreed to admit th« 
daughters of all regular Baptist Ministers to all the lite- 
rary advantages of the Institution free of charge for tui- 

During the progress of tbe late civil war, the Institute 
did not, as did most of the schools, suspend operations, 
yet its numbers were necessarily diminished, especially 
in the panic caused by the fall of Roanoke Island, when 
the boarding pupils were promptly called te theirhomea, 
the exercises, however, being continued with the day- 
scholars. The boarders soon returned, and when the wir 
ended, 81 were in attendance. 

In 1862, Dr. Hooper having tendered his resignation 




BB President, Dr. McDowell who had returned to the In- 
stitution in 1855, as Professor of Mathematics and Natu- 
ral science, was elected President, which office he well 
filled until his death on the 27th of May, 1881, having 
fguided the Institute through the dangers that beset her 
progress, with a zeal and an unfaltering trust in Provi- 
e, and a sacrilice of personal interests for the glory 
■«f God and the good of humanity, entitling him to our 
ihighest admiration and warmest gratitude. 

In 1868, a joiut-stock company was formed consisting 
F W. W. Mitchell, Dr. A. J. Askew, W. Dunning, W. 
Etiddick, L. T. Spiers, Rev. John Mitchell, M. R. Gregory, 
Edwin Ferebee, W. T. Tayloe, who assumed all the debts 
of the Institute, paying such as were immediately presB- 
ing, having paid, up to May, 1869, $8,876.58, leaving a 
balance of about $3,000. 

The Company proposed to restore the property to the 
Association, on their refunding to the Company the 
amount expended by them. It is a singular coincidence 
tbat Chowan Baptist Female Institute and Chowan Rey- 
ztoldsoQ Male Institute passed out of the possession of 
Chowan Association about the same time, and for the 
same cause — inability or unwillingness to pay the debts 
of their children. The Institute, however, continued to 
prosper under the new regime, having in 1874 one hun- 
dred and ten boarding pupils, and in 1876 graduating 
ittie largest class, twenty, at any one time of its history. 
It was, also, a singular fact that, of these ten were from 
iJorth Carolina and ten from Virgina. 

In 1878, the stockholders submit the following: 

66 History op Chowan Baptist Association. 


The Stockholders of Chowan Baptist Female Institute 
beg leave to submit the following statemeut and proposi- 
tion to the Chowan and Portsmouth Associations. 

The Trustees of Chowan Female Collegiate Institute, 
at their semi-annual meeting, February 15tli, 1867, finding 
themselves embarrassed by a large debt, created in the 
founding of the Institution, and increased by interest to 
an amount which precluded the hope of being able at 
that time to pay it by voluntary contributions, and being 
pressed by some of the creditors for immediate payment, 
resolved to transfer the Institute, with all of its appurte- 
nances, to a joint stockcompany, if such a company could 
be formed, upon condition of their assuming the debts, 
and binding themselves to restore the Institute to the 
two Associrttioiis, whenever the money expended by them 
in paying debts and adding improvemeuts should be re* J 
funded to them. ■ 

Mr, Willie Riddick, the largest creditor, being presea^l 
generously proposed, if the money could be raised ia> 
short time, to compromise bis claims at a discount of 50 
per cent., provided the other creditors would do the same, 
whereupon a committee was appointed to ascertain if 
the other creditors would consent to the same terms of 

Both committees were successful, and the company was 
organized on the 8th of January. 1868, under charter 
bearing date 28th of December, 1867. Tlie property was 
transferred to the company, and they paid, in accordance 
with the proposed terms of compromise, all the debta 
acknowledged to be valid, amounting in stock to $10,500. 
Cash advance by W. W. Mitchell, for whict\ he holds the 
note of the company, $1,000. 

The company have received nothing in the form of 
dividends or interest on their stock, but have devoted the 
entire income of the Institute to repairs and improve- 
ments. From this source they have made large addi- 
tions to the appliances of instruction, thoroughly repaired 
the entire premises, which had greatly depreciated during 

sthe war, conducted ten years for the benefit of the de- 
■Jiom illation, with more than the former efficiency, and 
.added buildings and other permanent improvement to 
^he value of $4,900. 

They think the denomination ought to share this be- 

jvolent work with them, and espei;ially that the deuom- 
jnation ought to own and control the Institution. They, 
itherefore, propose that an earnest effort be made as soon 

practicable, to raise the sum necessary to redeem it, 
/and restore it to its original and appropriate owners. All 
pthey ask is the money expended by them in the payment 
debts, with simple interest thereon ; and to raise tUia 
sum they promise to contribute liberally themselves. 

Their reasons for submitting this proposition are: 

1. The Institution needs all its income to keep the 

B remises in repair, and to furnish the additional appli- 
Dces demanded by the progress of the age. 

2. It is not right that a few individuals ihould bear 
e whole expense of a public Institution in the support 

ibf which all are equally interested. 

3. It is not good policy, nor is it creditable to the two 
Lssociiitions, to allow an Institution founded by them to 
emain subject to the contingency of passing entirely be- 
■ond their control, 

4. This contingency exists, and becomes yearly more 
Smminent by the death of the original stockholders, and 
'he passing of the stock into the hands of those who may 

eel no interest in the work of the denomination. 

5. The property is worth much more than the sum 
lecessary to redeem it. 

In 1879, the committee present the following: 

The committee appointed to suggest a plan to meet the 
iroposition submitted by the stockholders of Chowan 
Saptist Female Institute at your last session, submit the 
, Committee met at Cbowan Baptist Female Institute 

58 History of Chowan Baptist Association. 

June 25th, 1878. After various plans were submitted 
and discussed, the stockholders then present made the 
following proposition : That they will donate the stock 
held by them to the Baptist denomination, on condition 
that they receive a certificate entitling thep to keep one 
indigent young lady at Chowan Baptist Female Institute 
perpetually, free of charge for literary tuition, for each 
one thousand dollars of stock donated. The present in- 
<lebtedness of the Institute is to be paid with debts now 
due to it. 

The stockholders present contributed stock as follows : 
W. W. Mitchell, $4,000 ; M. R. Gregory, $1,000 ; J. W. 
Mitchell, $500; L. T. Spiers, $250; J.W.Barnes, $250; 
A. McDowell, $500; Annie S. Askew, $500; John Mitchell, 
$1,000. All bearing interest from February 12th, 1869. 

The following stockholders relinquish their stock on 
condition that they receive one hundred dollars annually 
in tuition at Chowan Baptist Female Institute until their 
stock, without interest, shall have been absorbed, viz : W. 
T. Brown, $500; Wiley Riddick, $340. 

The above includes all the stock except $1,500 belong- 
ing to the estates of James Mitchell and W. S. Tayloe, 
deceased. The present liabilities of the institution, aris- 
ing from current expenses^ are about $4,000 ; the assets in 
bonds and accounts, about $16,000. 

The motion to receive the report was discussed by 
Elders McDowell, Bailey and Savage, and carried. 

In connection with this subject. Elder Cohen offered 
the following resolutions: * • 

Resolved, That we appreciate the noble generosity of 
the stockholders of Chowan Baptist Female Institute in 
sustaining the institute for so many years, and for their 
recent act of unprecedented liberality in donating their 
jBtock to the Baptist denomination. 

Resolved, That while we cordially acquiesce in their 

Education. 59 

proposal to give the Institute to the Baptist denomina- 
tion instead of to the Chowan and Portsmouth Associa- 
tions, we shall always feel the same lively interest in its 
prosperity and success, and we cordially commend it to 
the liberal support of the Baptists and to the friends of 
female education everywhere. 

Resolved, That we appoint nin« brethren as Trustees, to 
receive and conduct the Institution in the future; the 
Trustees to have power to fill vacancies between the ses- 
sions of the Chowan Association. 

Resolved, That all vacancies shall be filled from persons 
nominated by this body at its annual sessions. 

The resolutions were discussed by Elders McDowell, 
Hufham, Overby, Ho^gard and brethren L. Tayloe and 
B. B. Gillam. 

Pending the discussion the hou;* of adjournment hav- 
ing arrived, the order of business was suspended for the 
further consideration of the resolutions, which, after be- 
ing discussed by Elders Hufham, Babb, B. Gillam and L. 
Tayloe, were adopted by a rising vote. 

In 1880, this resolution, offered by Elder A. McDowell, 
was adopted : 

Resolved, That we recommend the Trustees of Chowan 
Baptist Female Institute to take active measures to raise 
as soon as possible, in cash, in real estate, in bequests, or 
other donations of present or prospective value, a perma- 
nent fund o£ at least one hundred thousand dollars, the 
income of which shall be used to furnish literary tuition 
free to indigent young ladies of promising talents, to 
assist in sustaining a large and able faculty, improving 
the grounds and building, in increasing the Library and 
Cabinet, and adding such other appliances as may be 
deemed necessary to the completeness and efficiency of 
the Institute. 

60 HisTOEY OP Chowam Baptist Association, 

It would be impossible to form a correct estimate 

the amount of good that has accrued to the deoomin 
tion and to society from this Institution. From time to 
time, in its history, God has heen pleased, in His good 
providence, to answer the prayers and labors of Uia 
people, by the gracious visitation of His Holy Spirit, and 
many daughters have been born unto the Lord. Hun- 
dreds of pupils have thus returned to different localities 
ill this and other States, to be tiie Plicebes of the churches, 
and the Dorcases of the coraniunities in which they re- 
sided. Many teachers, also, have gone ont from its walls, 
some of whom have risen to prominence in their profes- 
sion. Every Commencement witnesses the happy re- 
anion of numbers of those who have studied iu the 
walls and promenaded in the lawns of their loved Alms 
Mater. Its pupil? havH come not only from North GarCK 
lina and Virginia, but also from South Carolina, All 
bama, Mississippi, Illinois, Georgia, Texas, Marylaai 
New York and the District of Columbia. 

Reynoldson Male Institute, Gates County, Now 
In 1851, the following resolution was passed: 

Resolved, That theGhowan Association establish a Male 
Acndemy within her bounds, and that the proposed Id- 
etitution be auxiliary to Wake Forest College. 

Brethren S. F. Bond, Pritchard, Sawyer, J. W. Powell 
and I. P. Freeman were appointed a committee to nomi- 
nate a Board of Trustees for the Male Academy, to ma- 





tare a plan of operations, aud to receive proposals for 
locating the Seminary.' 

In 1852, a Board of Trustees uumberiug 13 was ap- 
pointed, empowered to fill vacancies — five oonalituting a 

In 1853, after a report from the committee on Chowan 
•ale Seminary, the Association sanctioned the acts of the 
■ostees at a meeting held at Piney Grove, in electing 
I following persons members of the Board; Jolm 
lley, Dr. W. H. Lee, J. D. Goodman, Edward Howell, 
H. Land and E. D. B. Howell. 

The summit of the rising ground in front of Piney 

'Grove Church was chosen aa the site of the Institute. 

The name Reynoldson was prefixed, to express the love 

and esteem held for tliat pious and devoted man of God, 

whose christian labors with us bad been so signally 

n the conversion of souls. 

Soon, a large, commodious and handsome building was 

erected, nicely finished, and furnished with more than 

tiie usual academic outfit. A small, hut choice selection 

of Cbemical and Pbilosopbical apparatus was secured at 

cost of $600. A lartfe, convenient, and comfortable 

lotel was built, diid suitably furnished for the accommo- 

,tion of teachers and pupils. 

A store was also opened, and a post office establi.shed, 
lainly in the interest of the school. Mr. J. D. Good- 
tan, near by, also made extensive arrangements for the 
lommodation of boarders. A spring of good mineral 
,ter was discovered but a short distance from the prem- 
I, and properly fitted for use, soon becoming a popular 
irt for the surrounding people. 

History of Chowan Baptist AssociATiaN. 

Some few, possesaed of visionary imaginations, alrea< 
foresaw in Rejnoldson the nucleus of a large and thri^ 
ing city, and land adjacent went up to fabulous price 
but there were no purchasers. 

The location, in many respects, was a fortunate one, 
combining healthfulness; good water; a eomraunity of 
citizens of moral and industrious habits, hospitable and 
generous ; a Baptist church, of which most of the adj* 
cent residents were members; a skilled and successfq 
physician within a mile; and the absence of the i 
temptations to idleness and vice incident to schools ij 
towns and villages. 

With the high expectations and best wishes of its maaJS 
and liberal friends, in September, 18.55, the school i 
opened under the auspices of James A. Deike, a graduate 
of the University of North Carolina. Circumstance* 
soon required the employment of an additional teacher, 
and the principal called to bis aid Mr. Charles Rawls, of 
Nansemond county, Virginia, who proved an efficieol 
and popular adjunct. After the first year, Mr. Geor| 
Morgan, of Gates county, was added to the corps of ll^ 
structioD,a faithful and competent instructor. 

In 1856, the committee on Chowan lleynoldson 6 
nary congratulates its friends on the prosperity that al> 
tended the Institution, but deprecates the attempt to con- 
vert it into a college, recommending that it continue an- 
der the name and style of Chowan Reynoldson Seminary^ 

In 1857, tlie school was reported as languishing, in t 
wise attributable to the want of proper management g 
to any inefficiency of its faculty; to the contrary, 
committee cheerfully bear testimony to the emtnoi 

Education. 63 

ability and distinguished qualifications of the Board of 
Instructors. The lamentable condition of the Seminary 
was attributed to mismanagement in the boarding de- 
partment, this not being under the control of trustees or 
teachers, and, also, that the Seminary was in debt $2,500. 
At the close of this year, the Principal and Assistant re- 
tired, and Joseph D. Boushall, of Camden county, and 
Mr. C. S. Ellis, of Wilmington, were elected conjoint Prin- 
cipals. The prospects of the school not justifying the 
employment of both, the latter retired, and the school 
was continued by Mr. Boushall, of whose fitness for the 
position we judge by a resolution passed at the session of 
1860 : 

Resolved, That the services of our worthy brother Bou- 
shall, Principal of Reynoldson Institute, deserve the 
highest commendation of this body, and the gratitude of 
every true Baptist. 

The difficulty in the boarding department was soon 
satisfactorily adjusted, and the pressing debt was, by cash 
and bonds, reduced to $512. 

In 1861, Mr. James M. Taylor, of Gates county, and 
also a graduate of Wake Forest College, associated him- 
self with Mr. Boushall, and these became sole proprie- 
tors of the boarding department. Under their able and 
efficient management the school prospered, till at the call 
of their country they exchanged the quiet and peace of 
the school-room for the turmoil and strife of the battle- 
field. On May 3rd, 1863, in the battle of Chancellors- 
ville, where so many of our brave officers and privates 
sealed with their blood their devotion to their country. 

64 History op Chowan Baptist Association. 

J. D. Boushall, while bravely leading his company, whose 
Captain had fallen, was stricken down, horribly mangled 
by an exploded shell. 

In 1866, Rev. C. T. Bailey was elected principal and, 
with the assistance of Bro. Taylor, reestablished the 
school. Bro. Bailey remained but one session, however, 
and resigned to take charge of the church in Edenton, to 
which he had been called. 

In 1869, Reynoldson Institute became the property of 
Bro. Willie Riddick, from whom it was purchased by 
Bro. Julius F. Howell, the first student entered when the 
school was organized in 1855. The school thus passed 
out of the possession of the Association, and was kept as 
a private enterprise by Bro. Howell, and since his re- 
moval west, by Bro. Thomas E. Waflf, the present pro- 
prietor and Principal. The students from this scliool, at- 
tending Wake Forest College, bear testimony to the 
ability of their instructor in preparing pupils for a 
thorough Collegiate course. 

Of the many students that have attended Reynoldson 
Institute since its organization in 1855, not e few have 
made and are destined to make impressions for good, es- 
pecially in Chowan Association, both as Ministers and 
Laymen. Of its teachers, Rawls, Boushall and Taylor 
have passed over the River, but they still live in the 
memories of their associates, pupils and patrons. 


North Carolina Baptist State Convention. 

This organization may, to a very great extent, be con- 
sidered the ofiFsping of the Chowan Association. 

In 1826, it was resolved that Brethren Ross, Jordan,. 
Meredith, Newborn and Hall be appointed a committee 
to correspond with the Associations of the State, with the 
view of forming a State Convention. Some preliminary 
meetings were held within our territory, but the organi- 
zation was not effected till in 1829, at Greenville, Pitt 

In 1830, Resolved, That we cordially approve of the 
formation of the Baptist State Convention recently or- 
ganized at Greenville, and respectfully recommend to the 
churches that they patronize its objects, according to their 

Previous to this, as early as 1812, the Association con- 
ferred by delegates with the North Carolina Baptist Gen- 
eral Meeting of Correspondence held in Raleigh, send- 
ing that year and the next, a contribution of $5. 

In 1838, Resolved, That this Association become aux- 
iliary to the Baptist State Convention, and that the Treas- 
lyer be directed to pay into their hands any surplus funds 
in the treasury. 

In 1841, a declension of interest is reported, said to be 
chargeable to the indiflFerence of the Pastors. 

66 History of Chowan Baptist Association. 

In 1843, the congregations were recommended to form 
** a cent a week " societies for the beneiSt of the State 

In 1844, Minutes of the Conveiition show a decline. 
Last year, the whole amount of funds sent up by the 
churches from all the State was $627 — about two cents to 
each member ! (Now, I believe it is two and a-half cents ! !) 

In 1851, was formed the Chowan Missionary Commit- 
tee, consisting of eight members, three of whom shall con- 
stitute a quorum, to hold quarterly meetings, select and 
employ ministers for destitute places, to pay all mission- 
aries thus selected and employed, to inform the Board of 
the North Carolina Baptist State Convention of the same, 
and to pay over to the Convention all moneys not ex- 
pended in sustaining the gospel in our bounds. 

In 1872, Resolved, That we heartily endorse the ap- 
pointment by the Convention of the North Carolina Bap- 
tist Church Extension Society. 

Last Report — 1880. 

The State Mission Board is prosecuting its work with 
commendable activity. Contributions to Foreign Mis- 
sions have decreased. The Education Board is doing 
glorious work for the State. The Sunday School Board 
deserves all praise, an increasing interest being mani- 
fested in this department. (See section IV, Sunday Schools, 

page 44). 

Home Missions. 

Among the various objects that claim the prayers, con- 
tributions and labors of God's servants. Home Missions 
is of prime importance. It is the fountain whence radi- 

Home Missions. 67 

ate the streams that make the wilderness and the solitary 
place glad, and having performed their mission, return 
in showers of grace, after many days. A church that 
does nothing or little for Home Missions, will be found 
equally indifferent about the Foreign field, and vice versa- 
After the organization of the Association, but little was 
said or done about missions of any kind ; and this may 
account for the amicable relations sustained with the 
Kehukee Association, for several years. 

In 1820, at Edenton, was established the Chowan Bap^ 
tist Missionary Society of which we find little said, till 
in 1826, a resolution was passed to appoint a committee 
to consider and report upon the best means for reviving 
and sustaining the Missionary Society. The next year, 
the committee reported " nothing done," and were dis- 

In 1832, Resolvedy That Bro. Hall be requested to pre- 
pare a statistical statement of the progress of Baptists ia 
the United States. 

Of what was done there is no record. Also,. 

Eesolvedy That Bro. Spivey be requested to prepare a 
short review of the History of Missions, Foreign and 

At the next session, the request is renewed and noth- 
ing more is heard of it. 

In 1833, Resolved, That Brethren Harrell, Trotraan and 
Etheridge be appointed to travel and preach the gospel 
among the churches of this ^Association, subject to the 
direction of an Executive Committee appointed by this 

68 HiSTOEY OF Chowan Baptist As80ciation. 

Resolved, furiha; That a committee of five be appoiiti 
to direct tlie labors of our Itinerant Preachers, and 
secure adequate funds; to meet once in three mont 
and report to the Associfttion. 

In 1S33, Resolved, That it is deemed expedient to mi: 
by voluntary contributions, a fund for the purpose of 
supplying destitute churches and neigbborhoode, within 
the bounds of the Association, with occasional preaching. 

Resolvei), further, That the churches be requesled to give 
attention to this matter, and to furnish to the next meet- 
ing of this body such donations for the objects specified 
as they may think proper. 

Resolved, also, That a committee of six be appoin 
two in each Union Meeting, to hold the funds, to secui 
the services of ministers, to assign them iheir flelds i 
labor, &c. Brethren Baxter and Shaw, Mere<)ilh aoi 
Jordan, Carter and Deike constitute this committee. 

In 1836, Resolved, That instead of the itineracy, as 
heretofore practiced, it he recommended to have a Society, 
called the Chowan Baptist Plome Missionary dociety, 
holding its sessions as it may deem proper, its ohjetla b«- 
ing to supply with preaching destitute sections, and that 
the churches be recommended to form Auxiliary " ' 

The Society was at once constituted, and one hundred 
dollars raised from those present. 

In \8i2, Jiesolved, That this Association employ son]_ 
one to travel and preach, from Plymouth to Little AlU 
gator, once in two monllis. 

Ill ISii, Risolvsd, That Elder Nixon be appointed I 
preach, as missionary, in Washington, Tyrrell and Cui 
rituck counties. 

His salary, fifty dollars, was pledged. 

In 1846, Beaolved, That a committee be appointed i 


Foreign Miagiosa. 69 

jem [iloy two suitable miniBters, one to labor in the eastern, 
e other in tlie western parts of tlie Association, making 
|rrangemen(a with the charches for their support. 

Tlie contributions were not sufficient for the labor per- 
Iformed, and in 1853 the iiidebtedueas of the Home Mia- 
lion Board was $403.82. Contributions from thirty-five 
oburuhes and from individuals amounted to $418,73, and 
fte next year to $363.35. 

In 1860, the Union meetings assumed the direction of 
Home Missions, acting in cooperation with tlie State 
Jlission Board, and subsequently with the Domestic Mia- 
Board of the Southern Baptist Convention. 

In 1870, it was agreed that the Union Meetings be 
requested to occupy destitute fields within the bounds of 
the Pamlico Association, From time to time Brethren 
Battle, Waff, Speight, Trotman, Twine, Delbridge, Wwbb, 
Etheridge, Hoggard, Harrell, Hancock and Williams 
labored as missionaries. 

The result, though not what it should be, is nevertbe- 

s encouraging.and the churches, we hope, will ere long 
awake to a proper sense of their obligations in this di- 

FoEBiQN Missions, 

In 1813, the attention of the Association was called to 
the ckims of India. 

Rev. Mr, Judsou and Rev. Mr. Rice, who were sent by 
the Presbyterians as Missionaries to that country, had, 
on their arrival, been baptized in the river Ganges, by the 
Gnglish pioneer Missionary, Dr. Carey, which awakened 
A spirit of inquiry concerning the peculiar sentiments of 

VO History of Chowan Baptist Association. 

the Baptists. Bro. Rice soon returned to this country for 
«,id, and travelled and preached in Chowan Association. 

In 1815, the committee to whom was referred the ex- 
amination of the Letter and Minutes of the General Mis- 
sionary Convention of the Baptist Denomination of the 
United States of America for Foreign Missions, made a 
report to the satisfaction of the Association, and suitable 
measures were adopted. What these were we know not. 

In 1818, a correspondence was ordered to be opened 
with the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions at Philadel- 
phia, and the churches were requested each to pay $1 
annually to aiil the Board in defraying the expenses of 
publishing its Annual Report. 

In 1829, it was resolved not to renew correspondence 
with the Kehukee Association, in consequence of their op- 
position to Missions and other benevolent objects of the 

In 1832, the church at Spence's Meeting House being 
unfavorably disposed towards the benevolent institutions 
of the age, was declared to be no longer a member of 
Chowan Association, yet such of the members as were 
true were advised to seek admission into any other 
churches in this body. 

In 1834, Resolved, That it be recommended to the 
churches that the first Monday evening in each month 
be set apart for prayer, with special reference to Missions 
in Burmah. 

In 1836, it was resolved to make every effort for the 
spread of the gospel in Foreign lands, as well as to ad- 
vance Domestic Missions. 

Foreign Missions. 71 

In 1838, Resolved, That the Pastors of churches be 
requested to present' the subject of Foreign Missions to 
their respective charges, and solicit contributions. 

In 1847, it is stated that the recent separation of North- 
ern and Southern Baptists, giving rise to the formation 
of the Southern Baptist Convention, the opening of the 
door for missionary labor in the immense empire of 
China, and the fact that one of our own brethren has 
recently consecrated himself to the foreign field, have 
given an impetus to the spirit of missions in this State 
hitherto unknown, the contributions last year for Foreign 
Missions being more than double the amount contributed 
to the same cause any previous year. 

In 1849, there seems, from the silence of the churches 
on the subject, a sudden declension in zeal. 

In 1851, the Association resolved to support a Mis- 
sion in the foreign field. 

In 1852, the outlook is reported as encouraging — the 
gates of China are open ; Burmah is prospectively acces- 
sible; the thunders of the Vatican are disregarded. 

In 1856, the agent of Foreign Missions reports a com- 
mendable spirit of liberality in the churches visited. 

In 1858, Resolved^ That devout gratitude is due to God 
for his blessings on our in the field of Foreign Mis- 

In 1867, the contributions from the churches show no 
abatement of interest in Foreign Missions. 

The largest contributions recorded is that of 1878, 
$678.39, six cents to each member!! one church giving 

72 History of Chowan Baptist Association. 


The members q| the Association, from year to year, 
have shown their appreciation of religious literature by 
earnestly commending the periodicals published in the 
interests of Baptist principles: 

In 1820, The Christian Watchman, Boston ; 1828, Re- 
ligious Herald, Richmond ; 1831, Christian Index, Phil- 
adelphia ; 1832, North Carolina Baptist Interpreter, Eden- 
ton, and Baptist Repository, New York; 1835, Biblical 
Recorder, Newbern ; 1840, Christian Review. 

In 1837, Resolved^ That to give permanency to the Bib- 
lical Recorder, every friend to the same shall feel himself 
an agent to obtain one subscriber, at least. 

In 1838, Resolved^ That the Association has heard with 
deep regret, that the Millennial Harbinger, a paper pub- 
lished by Alexander Campbell, has been circulated in 
this Association ; that we do most earnestly request all 
our brethren that they set their faces sternly against the 
circulation of this paper, or the promulgation of the 
doctrines of Campbellism among us in any way. 

In 1840, the Christian Review was highly recom- 
mended as a journal competent to prevent the prevalence 
of discordant doctrines, being designed for circulation 
through the entire limit^s of our denomination. 

In 1848, recommended to the churches: Baptist Guar- 
dian, in the Sunday school interest: Southern Missionary 
Journal; Baptist Preacher, all published in Richmond. 

In 1851, after the death of Brother Meredith, the 
Biblical Recorder was put in the charge of Bro. T. W. 
Tobey, until a successor should be appointed by the bap- 
tist State Convention. The Association, after passing 



[ resolutions expressive of their regret at the loss of so 
I and efficient a co-laborer, and of sympathy for Sister 
f_ Meredith in her sore bereavement, passed this resolution : 

Resolved, That we hope that the North Carolina Baptist 
State Convention, in selecting its future editor, will retain 
the present incumbent. Elder T. W, Tobey. 

Resolved, That this Association heartily approves the 
course pursued by Brethren McDaniel and Hendrickson 
in diaconlinuing the Intelligencer and Messenger, believ- 
ing that the union and harinony of our churches are 
best promoted by the existence of only one Baptist paper 
in the State, 

In 1854, The Home and Foreign Journal was welcomed 

;as an accession in behalf of Missions. 

In 1855, were added The American Baptist Memorial 
and the Southern Baptist Review. 

In 1860, Bro, Potter was welcomed with his Family- 
Visitor, specially a literary paper. 

In 1861, Elder J, J. James, who had been editor of the 
Biblical Recorder since January, 1854, transferred hfs en- 
tire interest to Elder J. D, Haf ham, who became sole 
.editor and proprietor. 

In 1867, the Committee on Periodicals stated: 

As a like courtesy has been extended to the Recorder 
in the Portsmouth Association of Virginia, we would 
recommend, next to the Recorder, the Religious Herald, 
of Richmond, as a paper worthy of our support. 

In 1868-69, were added the Sunday School Banner^ 
IChild'a Delight, and Baptist Teacher — Sunday school 

74 History of Chowan Baptist Association. 

Bible Union. 

In 1856, a report was submitted setting forth the ob- 
jects and claims of the American Bible Union. More 
than forty scholars, representing nine religious denomi- 
nations, were employed in the work and were rapidly 
progressing in the work of revision. All the New and 
portions of the Old Testament were revised. 

In 1857, again highly commended. 

In 1858, the Union reported prosperous, out of debt, 
and rapidly nearing the completion of their work. 

In 1859, the work* progressing encouragingly. 

In 1861, Resolved, That the present condition of affairs 
renders cooperation on the part of this Association with 
the American Bible Union, impolitic, unfeasible, impos- 
sible, and this body hereby deprecates any further agency 
in our bounds for the purpose of aiding such undertak- 
ings. We furthermore advise those owing subscriptions 
to the Bible Union to withhold the same until affairs 
shall have changed their present aspect. 

Resolved, That in so doing we intend no reflection on 
the piety or character of the agent, Bro. Bogart, whose 
conduct entitles him to our confidence and respect. 

Last Action. 

In 1877, the Association declines allowing Elder Rock- 
well the opportunity of presenting the claims of the 
American Bible Union. 


Special Resolutions. 

In 1833, Resolved^ That we highly approve the objects, 
principles and publications of the Baptist General Tract 
Society^ and recommend the churches to form auxiliary 
societies, receive and circulate tracts, and make their pas- 
tors life members. 

In 1836, this resolution was repeated. 

In 1837, ordered the formation of a Tract Depository, 
and earnestly recommend the Baptist Manual, one of the 
publications of the Tract Society — price 50 cents. 

In 1833, Resolvedf That this Association strongly disap- 
proves the action (rather want of action) of those churches 
that allow their ministers or private members to attend 
places of popular amusement. 

In 1834, Resolved, That the- churches be advised not to 
admit into their pulpits any stranger not properly recom- 

Opinion of Protracted Meetings. 

Your committee, to whom was referred the subject of 
protracted meetings, respectfully report: 

That, in their opinion, such meetings are desirable, 
and that important good has resulted and will continue 
to result from them. 

Your committee, therefore, urge their adoption * * * 
and that the time and place be appointed by the respec- 
tive Union Meetings. 

In 1835, Resolved, That a Ministers and Deacons' Meet- 
ing be appointed with the church at Piney Grove, Friday 
before 5th Sunday in July. 

76 HiaroRT of Chowan Baptist Associahok, 

We do not know what was accomplished. The met 
ing was discootinued in 1839, 

Difficulties about Masonky. 

After commenting on the degeneracy of modern timet 
the following resolutions were passed : 

Resolved, That it is well calculated to woum 
ings of many of our brethren, and is Hkely to prove the 
cause of much strife and confusion in the churches, we 
d© affectionately advise ministers and hrethren belonging 
to this Association, by no means, to connect themselves 
with the Masonic Fraternity. 

Resolved Juiiher, That with unabated regard for those 
brethren who have heretofore connected tliemselvea with 
the Masonic Fraternity, we do most earnestly and affec- 
tionately advise them to discontinue visiting the Lodge. 

Chubch Difficulties. 

In 1839, it was resolved, that six lay bretliren, two froi 
each Union Meeting, be appointed a standing committee 
for the purpose of settling difficulties between ministers, 
and ministers and churches. That after due notice has 
been given to all parties concerned in any difficulty, and 
a full and impartial investigation of all the attendant 
circumstances has been made, if then two-thirds of the 
committee shall decide against any parties, the committee 
shall notify the churches to which the ministers belong, 
and the ministers shall be suspended from tbe exercises 
of the ministry by their churches until the next meeting 
of the Association, under pain of the displeasure of tbia« 
body. The Moderator, ex-Q§lcio, shall be the chairman 
the stadiug committee. 

These resolutions substantially were repeated in 1840, 
and the committee, called the Executive Committee, was 



ad ■ 



10. I 

Chdkch Difficulties. 77 

renewed every year till 1848, when it was discontinued, 
having made no report at any time. 

In 1842, Resolved, That this Association approbate the 
■design of forming a Baptist State Historical Society, 
fN. C.), at the next session of the North Carolina Baptist 
State Convention. 

In the same year, our brethren are affectionately ad- 
vised to absiain from the use of tobacco, and apply monies 
formerly expended for that useless weed to purposes of 
christian beuevoleuce. 

In 1843, the Baptist Publication and Sunday School 
Society was organized by brethren from almost every 
State in our Union, and arrangements were made for es- 
tablishing a Depository for its publications, which office 
was located at Elizabeth City, and styled Chowan Bap- 
tist Book Depository, Dr. C. Lillybridge, agent. 

It was also resolved to establish a Book Depository at 
Murfreesboro, that colporteurs be employed, and that con- 
tributions to this purpose be secured. 

In May, 1844, was founded the Chowan Baptist Bible 
Society. The Society adopted the Constitution of the 
North Carolina Baptist Bihle Society. The Association 
also cordially endorsed the principles and designs of the 
American and Foreign Bible Society. Collection §41.70. 

In 1849, Resolved, That we heartily recommend the 
Southern Baptist Publication Society to the prayers and 
liberal support of all Southern Baptists, 

In 1850, it was ordered that, hereafter, standing com- 
mittees be appointed the year previous to that in which 
they are to report. 

78 History op Chowan Kaptist AgsociATiON; 

In 1856, Resolved, That those alone can be recognized 
as members of this body who are in good standing in the 
churches which certify in their letters their appointment 
as delegates — except in churches where the membership 
is composed entirely of colored members, in which case 
the delegates may be white persons of good standing in 
churches contiguous to such colored churches. 

In 1858, Resolved, That we recommend the Southern 
Publishing House, Nashville, Tenn., also the Southern 
Publication Society, Charleston, S. C. 

In 1861, the following recommendation to the churches 
was passed : That in granting letters of dismission, they 
be limited to twelve months, and churches receiving let- 
ters of dismission, to give immediate information to the 
churches that granted them. 

In 1870, on motion, it was agreed that Dr. Mell's sys- 
tem of parliamentary practice be adopted for the govern- 
ment of this body. 

Also, Resolved, That this body is not a court of judi- 
cature to settle disputed cases of church discipline; that 
the proper plan for adjusting all such diflSculties, when 
the church cannot do it herself, is for the church to call 
in counsel from neighboring churches, before bringing 
them or allowing them to be brought here for considera- 

In 1872, Resolved, That this body appoint a committee 
consisting of one member from each church, to be styled 
the Education Board of Chowan Association, to raise by 
contribution and subscription a Beneficiary Fund to de- 
fray the expenses of one indigent student or more, at 
Chowan Baptist Female Institute, and report fo this body 
a plan of operation. 

A committee of 56 was appointed, ei^^ht years have 

Queries and Answers. '7^9 

passed, and no report has yet been presented. Another 
committee appointed in 1879 made a report in 1880, 
which resulted in the project of raising an eildowment of 
$100,000. See section on Chowan Baptist Female Insti- 
tute, page 52. 

Queries and Answers. 

1806, Query, Is water baptism legal when administered 
by an unbaptized person ; or by one who holds with in- 
fantbaptism ? 

Answer. Whatever may have been the practice of some 
in extraordinary cases, and in such cases may be approved 
of; yet, in common cases, we think such a baptism not 

1806, Query. What shall a church do when her mem- 
bers voluntarily fix up and send their children to balls, 
dancing schools, &c., or sufi^er it to be done by others ? 

Answer. It is our opinion that it is a crime for members 
so to do; and members thus offending ought to be dealt 
with by the church, the same as for other oflFences. 

1808, Query. What shall a church do with members 
who move away from the church to which they belong 
without letters of dismission, and at such a distance that 
the church can have no connection with them ? 

Answer. Such disorderly persons have forfeited their 

1815, Query. Is not a member acting disorderly who 
obtains a letter of dismission and retains the same twelve 
or eighteen months ? 

Answer. Disorderly, and ought to be dealt with by the 

80 History of Chowan Baptist Association. 

1818, Qaery. Is it consistent with the Christian religi< 
for a professor thereof to be engaged in purchasing nO' 
groes with a view to sell them to speculators? 

Answer, We believe such a practice to be at open war 
with the spirit of the gospel, aud shocking to all the ten- 
der feelings of our natures ; we therefore answer, No. 

1822, Qaery. If a member of a Baptist church who is 
also a member of a Masonic society continues to visit his 
lodge, and still maintains and supports a moral character, 
shall that be a sufficient cause for his brethren in the 
church to withdraw their fellowship from him? 

Answer. It is our opinion that our brethren, and tl 
ministry in particular, would do well to so highly appre- 
ciate the importance of maintaining Christian Union and 
brotherly love as to forbear being initiated into said 
societies, and, if already initiated, to quit visiting their 

1831, Qaery. Should members of our churches wh< 
purchase lottery tickela be regarded as proper subjects 
church discipline? 

Answer. Unanimously affirmative. 

1837, Query. Is it consistent with the spirit of the Goa- 
pel for a member of a (Christian church to keep a grog- 
shop, for the purpose of retailing spirits by the small 

Answer. No. 

Query. Is it consistent with the spirit of the Gospel f« 
a member of a Christian church to fish on the Sabbath 

Answer. No. 

1838, Query. Would a Baptist church be justified in 



Qdekies and AsawERS. 


■offering or giving up their house of worship to the use 
of any pedobaptist church except on special occasions? 

ATimoer. That the churches be advised never to give up 
the entire control of their meeting houses for any length 
of time, except for a protracted meeting, or for an ordi- 
nary preaching occasion. 

i9, Query. Is it consistent with the Gospel that a 
ijTother go to law with a brother? 
Ansiver. No. 

1842, Query. Whatshallbedone with tnembersof Anti- 
Missionary Baptist churches who may present themselves 
for membership in our churchea? 

Answer. If the church be satisfied with the standing 
and character of such applicant, he shall be received 
without relation of experience ^or re-baptism. 

1S44, Query. Is it consistent conduct in a professor of 
religion to be engaged in fishing with seins, nets or sim- 
ilar implements, on the Lord's day ? 
Answer. No. 

1846, Query. Upon whom did the government of the 
churches devolve in the days of primitive Christianity? 
Answer, The churches being independent bodies, the 
[Overnment of each one rested with itself. 

1848, Query. Does this Association hold that the right 
} direct the ordination of ministers in the church of 
IPhrist belongs to this body or to the several churches? 

Answer. The right to call to ordination belongs to the 
fchurches, but the arrangement by which ministers are 
mrdained through the intervention of the Association is 
oth scriptural and conducive to the purity and good 
■der of the churches. 

82 History op Chowan Baptist Assocxatiok. 

1850, Query. Can a member of the church rightly claim 
the erasure of his name from the church rolls and there- 
by absolve himself from the authority of the church? 

Answer. No. Yet we would urge the churches to a 
course of tenderness and forbearance marked by sound 

Query, What are the requisites to membership in this 
Association ? 

Answer. Membership in good standing in a church in 
connection with this body, and the appointment so cer- 
tified in the Associational Letter. 

1854, Query. Is it consistent in a Christian to manufac- 
ture or sell ardent spirits, or to drink them is a beverage? 

Answer. Inconsistent. 

18G3, Query 1. Should a church hold in fellowship a 
member who, to prevent going into the service of his 
country, has sought protection from the enemy? 

Query 2. Or one who has deserted the Southern Army, 
(after having been sworn in), and joined the enemy? 

Query 3. Should a church fail to discipline her mem- 
bers because of close proximity to the enemy? 

Query 4. Should a church hold in fellowship colored 
members who have run ofiFfrom their owners for Yankee 
freedom or protection ? 

Queries 1 and 2 answered in the negative, without de- 

Query 3 Answered. We should not, but we would recom- 
mend the churches to use Christian prudence in the ad- 
ministration of that discipline. 

Query 4 answered in the negative. 

Query 5. Should a church hold in fellowship a member 

Memorial to the President; 85 

who has encouraged, sympathized with or given aid and 
comfort to the enemy, whether that enemy be the regular 
forces of the United States, or that infamous band of un- 
principled persons commonly known as buffaloes? 

Answered in the negative. 

1867, Query. When a church refuses to hear a minority 
or accord it an opportunity to set forth its grievances, 
what is the duty of said minority? 

Answei\ The minority so aggrieved has the liberty to 
call on the Association for the appointment of discreet 
Elders before whom the diflSculty may be laid. 

1867. Query. What ought a church to do with a mem- 
ber who, having the ability, refuses to give anything to 
defray the expenses of his church ? 

Answer. Such member should be excommunicated. 

Memorial to the President of the United States. 

During the session of the Association, 1841, at Conna- 
ritsa, Bertie county, a memorial was addressed to Martin 
Van Buren, Esq., on the imprisonment, confiscation of 
property, and insulting treatment of Rev. J. G. Oncken 
and family, " all for no other cause than preaching the 
Gospel of Jesus Christ." 

" We believe. Sir, that every friend of humanity, every 
friend of religious liberty must sympathize with this un- 
fortunate yet meritorious subject of German bigotry, and 
doubtless in your own breast, a cord will be found in 

To this and much more of earnest entreaty, a response 
was addressed by John Forsyth, Secretary of State : 

Gentlemen : — It gives me pleasure to state in reply to 

84 History of Chowan Baptist Association. 


your letter, referred to thia Department by the President* 
that inteUigeuce has just been received from our Consul 
at HambiTg, of tiie liberation of the Rev. Mr, Oncken. 
I am, very respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

John Foesyth.; 
To Messrs. G. C. Moore, S. J. Wheeler. 

The Late Civil Wae. 

The demon of war that swept as a besom of destruc- 
tion over our fair and happy land, devastating our fields, 
burning our homes, profaning our churches, closing our 
Bchools, paralysing or cutting off our commerce, filling 
the nation with great weeping and lamentations for those 
who were not, as for those that were, materially impaired, 
though it did not utterly prevent the Home and Foreign 
work of the Associatioa. 

The annual sessions of the body were held as usual, 
save the session of 18G4, which belonged on the east side 
of Chowan river, but was, in consequence of the prox- 
imity of the enemy, held with the church at Buckhorn. 
During the sessions of 1862-'63-'64, nearly half of the 
churches was not represented, and but few of our minis- 
ters present, many being in the army, either as chaplains 
or in some other capacity. Contributions to the varii 
objects felt the pressure of the times in the scarcity 
money and the restraints upon travel, and the inel 
ciency and unrsliahility of the postal service. 

In 18G4, the following resolution shows that tbongl 
persecuted, we were not forsaken, troubled on every side, 
yet not distressed ; perplexed, yet not in despair. Infor* 

lins _ 

The Late Civil Wae, 8& 

■anation of the recent victories with which our arms Lave 
Fbeen blessed having been received, the Association 

Resolved, That our thaniis be recorded as due our 
Heaveuly Father for such evidences of Hia protecting 
care, and that we bow now in solemn prayer and grati- 



Elder A. McDowell led in prayer, in which every heart 
present seemed fervently to unite. 

Queries of 1S63, 1, 3, 4, bear upon this subject, as 'loes / 
also a portion of the article on colored members. 

The Board of Missions of the North Carolina Baptist 
State Convention did a noble work in Army Colportage, 
many souls, through their instrumentality, being con- 
verted, others comforted. 

Soon after the close of the war, the various boards prose- 
cuted their labors with renewed energies, though with 
diminished resources. Communication with our Foreign 

Fields was re-opened, much to the relief of our Mission* 
■ies who had so long subsisted on diminished supplies, 
or having turned to secular labor for that subsistence 
which failed to reach tbem through the usual channel of 

In 186G, of the fifty-three churches only four were not 
represented, and in 1867, the contributions had reached 
tlS.011.23, larger than for any other year save 1874 — 

Yet, notwithstanding God has so signally blessed us 

since the war, our people have been slow to recognize the 

,ct that the Almighty Ruler of nations was chastening 

chosen ones for their good, and that the clouds, to 

86 History op Chowan Baptist Association. 

them so portentous of evil, were big with m«rcy, and 
should break, in blessings on their head. 

Colored Members. 

Until recently, except in the cities and large towns, 
there were but few separate churches for colored mem- 
bers; these generally held their membership in the 
churches of the white, their names being enrolled and 
called by the clerk at the regular church conference. In 
the letters to the Association, the membership was ^re- 
ported — white members — colored members. 

The minutes contain no statement of the colored mem- 
bers till the year 1842, when their number is 781, more 
than 20 per cent, of the white .membership. In 1861, it 
was nearly 50 per cent., and at present is less than 1 per 
cent, the largest number reported at any time being 
3,175; this year, 1880, it is 91. 

In 1852, the church at Pleasant Plains, Hertford county, 
composed of colored members, was received into the As- 
sociation, being represented by white delegates, and so 
continued, till, on motion, at her request, a letter of dis- 
mission was granted the church in 1870. 

In 1863, the Association decided that a church should 
not hold in fellowship colored members who had run off 
from their owners for yankee freedom and protection. 

In 1866, a committee was appointed to report on the 
relation of the colored members of churches to this body, 
who reported as follows : 

We recommend that those who choose to retain their 
membership in our churches be permitted to do so, wiUi 

Colored Members. 87 

the same status as heretofore, and that any who may wish 
to join us be received on the same terms. 

To those who wish to withdraw in order to form 
churches of their own, we advise our churches to grant 
letters of dismission, and to give them assistance and 
sympathy, so far as practicable, in organizing regular 
churches for themselves. 

A letter having been received from L. W. Boone, a col- 
ored minister representing colored Baptists on Roanoke 
Island, it was. 

Resolved, That we approve the formation of churches of 
their own within our borders; and that we assure them 
of our cordial sympathy and hearty cooperation, so long 
as they adhere to Gospel order as understood and prac- 
ticed among ourselves. 

In 1867, a committee appointed to reply to a letter from 
Rev. L. W. Boone, requesting the Association to rescind 
a resolution passed at its session with the church at Mt, 
Tabor, advising the expulsion from our churches of ser- 
vants who had left their masters and gone over'to those 
in arms against us, give it as their opinion that there is 
no reason for rescinding the resolution which was, under 
the circumstances then existing, so clearly justified by 
the Scriptures. 

A few of the colored members still retain their mem- 
bership with some of our churches ; the majority, how- 
ever, have their own churches and Associations. 


Rules for toe Government of the Associatiok, 

Adopted at tbe Session op 1835, at Mkhebbin, 

Hebtfokd County. 

Article 1. At every annual meeting of the Associa- 
tion a Moderator shall be chosen, who shall continue io 
office during the session of the Association, 

Art. 2. The Moderator shall preside over the delibera- 
tions of the Association — preserve order — state clearly 
and propound fairly every question which may be pre- 
sented for consideration, and ascertain and announce the 
decision. He shall open and close every meeting of the 
Association with prayer, — or call upon some other person 
to perform the service, — he shall always rise from his seat 
to take the voice of the Association — he shall tak© no 
part in debate, without first calling some other person to 
the Moderator's chair, — he shall not vote except the As- 
sociation he equally divided, and in that event he shall 
give the casting vote. He shall decide all questions of 
order, and his decision shall be silently submitted to, un- 
less a regular appeal be taken and liis decision be re- 
versed by a majority of the Association, — he shall enforM ■ 
strictly all the rules adopted for the government of t 

Art. 3. A Clerk shall be elected, whose office shall c 
itnue during the pleasure of the Association, — be n 

Rules of Govehnment. 


have the privilege of ohoosiog Assistanta — shall be re- 
apOQsible for oil the papers and documents committed to 
his care— he shall keep a fair and faithful record of all 
the proceedings of the Association, — and at the close of 
each session the record shall be read, and, if necessary, 
be corrected, in the presence of the Association, 

Art. 4. Any member wishing to speak shall rise from 
his seat and respectfully address the Moderator, — he shall 
confine liim^lf closely to the subject under discussion, 
and carefully avoid all indecorous and unkind personal 

Art. 5. No person shall speak more than once on the 
same subject, until all the members who may indicate a 
wish to speak, shall have spoken ; nor shall any member 
speak more than three times on the same subject, without 
leave from the Moderator. 

Art, 6. To prevent unnecessary delay in the decision 
of important questions, it shall be the privilege of any 
member to call for the previous question, and if the call 
be sustained by a majority of the Association, the ques- 
tion shall be taken on the original proposition, to the ex- 
clusion of all amendments and all debate. 

Aet. 7, No subject which shall have been decided, shall 
be again considered during ttie same session, unless a 
member who voted in the majority shall move a recon- 

Art. 8. No member of the Association shall, during 

the progress of business, be permitted to read any book 

or paper, except to obtain or impart information upon 

the Bubject under discussion — nor shall there be any whia- 


90 History of Chowan Baptist Association. 

pering or conversation within the room when the Asso- 
ciation is in session. 

Art. 9. Every original proposition made to the Asso- 
ciation, and every amendment affixed, shall be submitted 
in writing, and being thus submitted and seconded, shall 
be received. 

Art. 10. No member shall, after having taken his seat, 
absent himself — nor shall any committee be in session 
during the session of the Association, withf ut leave. 

Art. 11. A majority of the delegates appointed to the 
Association shall constitute a quorum for business, and 
all questions shall be decided by a vote of the majority 
of the members present. 

Art. 12. Any paper handed into the Association for 
consideration shall bear the name of the person handing 
it in. 

Art. 13. At the opening of every meeting of the Asso- 
ciation, these rules shall be read. 

A Declaration of Religious Principles held by the 
Churches composing the Chowan Association of 
North Carolina, adopted May 19, 1849. 

1. Of the Scriptures, — We believe the Holy Bible was 
written by men divinely inspired, and is a perfect treas- 
ure of heavenly instruction ; that it has God for its aa- 
thor, salvation for its end, and truth, without any mix- 
ture of error, for its matter ; that it reveals the principles 
by which God will judge us ; and therefore is, and shall 
remain to the end of the world, the true centre of Chris- 
tian Union, and the supreme standard by which all ha- 

TQan COTiduct, creeds and opinions should be tried. 2 Tim. 
iii: 16; 2 Peter i : 21. 

2, Of the True God. — That there is one, and only one, 
trae and living God, whose name is Jehovah, the Maker 
and Supreme Ruler of heaven and earth; inexpressibly 
glorious in holiness; worthy of all possible honor, con- 
fidence and love; revealed under the personal and rela- 
tive distinctions of the Father, the Son, and the Holy 
Spirit; equal in every divine perfection, and executing 
■distinct, but harmonious offices in the great work of re- 
demption. Geo. i : 1,17; Isaiah xliv: 6,8; Heb. ii: 10. 

3, Of the Fall of Man. — That man was created in a state 
of holiness, under the law of his Maker, but by voluntary 
transgression fell from that holy and happy state; in 
consequence of which all mankind are now sinners, not 
by constraint, but choice; being by nature utterly void 
of that holiness required by the law of God, wholly given 
to the gratification of the world, of Satan and their own 
sinful passions, and therefore under just condemnation 
to eternal ruin, without defence or excuse. Gen. i: 27; 
Ti: 5; Rom. v: 12; viii: G, 8; Eph. ii: 1. 

4, Of the Way of Salvation. — That the salvation of sin- 
ners is wholly of grace, through the mediatorial office of 
the Son of God, who took upon Him our nature, yet with- 
out sin : honored the law by his personal obedience, and 
made atonement for our sins by His death ; having risen 
from the dead He ia now enthroned in heaven; and unit- 
ing in His wonderful person the tenderest sympathies 
with divine perfections, is every way qualified to be a 
suitable, a compassionate, and an all-sufficient Saviour 

History op Chowan Baptist Associatiow. 

Rom. v:8; iv: 25; Eph. ii: 8, 9; 2 Cor. v: 21; Heb; 
vii: 25. 

5. OJ Justification. — That the great Gospel blessing 
which Christ of Hia fullness bestowa on such as believe in 
Him, is justification ;. that justification consists in the par- 
don of sin, and the promise of eternal life, on principles 
of righteousness; that it ia bestowed, not in considera- 
tion of any works of rigbteousneas which wo have done, 
but solely through His own redemption and righteous- 
ness; that it brings us into a state of most blessed peace ' 
and favor with God, and secures every other blessing I 
needful for time and eternity. Eph. ii : 8. 9; Gal. ii: 16> ^ 
Rom. v: 1. 

6. Of the Fullneis oj Salvaiion. — That the blessings of 
Salvation are made free to all by the Gospel ; that it 19 
the immediate duty of all to accept them by a cordial 
and obedient faith; and that nothing prevents the salva- 
tion of the greatest sinner on earth, except his own vol- 
untary refusal to submit to the Lord Jesus Christ, which 
refusal will subject him to an aggravated condemnation. 
Jolin iii ; 16; Isa. iv: 1; Ezek, xxxiii ; 11 ; Rev.xxii: 17; . 
John v:40. ■ 

7. Of Qraee in Regeneration. — That in order to besaved^ 
we must be regenerated or born again ; that regeneration 
coueists in giving a holy disposition to the mind, and ia 
effected by the power of the Holy Spirit, through the 
instrumentality of the Word of God ; so as to secure our 
voluntary obedience to the Gospel; and that its proper 
evidence ia found in the holy fruit which we bring forth 
to the glory of God. John iii: 3,7, 8; 2 Thes. ii:13; 
Eph. vi : 17. 

Religious Peinciples. '93 

8. i^j God's Purpose of Grace. — That election is the 
gracious purpose of God, accordiag to which He regen- 
erates, sauctifies ami saves sinners; that being perfectly 
consistent with the free-agency of man, it comprehends 
all the means in connection with the end; that it is a 
most glorious display of God's sovereign goodness, being 
infinitely wise, holy and unchangeable ; that it utterly 
excludes boasting, and promotes humility, prayer, praise, 
trust in God and active imitation of his free mercy ; that 
it encourages the use of means in the highest degree ; 
that it is ascertained by its effects in all who believe the 
Gospel; is the foundation of Christian assurance; and 
that, to ascertain it with regard to ourselves, demands 
and deserves our utmost diligence. Deut. vii: 6 ; Eph. i : 
3, 4 ; 1 Peter i : 2 ; Rom. v : 8 ; Eph. ii : 8. 

9. Of the Perseuerance of Saints. — That such only are 
real believers who endure unto the end ; that their perse- 
vering attachment to Christ is the grand mark which 
distinguishes them from superficial professors ; that a 
epeeial providence watches over their welfare; and they 
are kept by the power of God through faith unto salva- 
tion. Luke x: 42; 1 Peter i: 3, 4; Heb. vi; 17, 20. 

10. Harmovy of the Law and Gospel. — That the Law of 
God is the eternal and unchangeahle rule of His moral 
government ; that it is holy, just and good ; and that the 
inability which the Scriptures ascribe to fallen man to 
fulfill its precepts, arises entirely from their love of sin ; 
to deliver them from which, and to restore them through 
a Mediator to unfeigned obedience to the holy law, is the 
great end of the Gospel. Rom. iii: 19,20,21; v. -21; 
Johniii:21;Tit. iii;8. 

9-J HiSTOEY OF Chowan Baptist Association-. 

11. 0/ the Church of Qirisl. — That a church of Christw 

a congregation of baptized believers, aasociated by cove- 
nant in the faith and fellowship of the Gospel; observ- 
ing the ordinances of Christ ; governed by his laws ; and 
exercising the gifts, rights and privileges invested in 
them by Hia word; that its only proper officers are 
bishops or pastors, and deacons, whose qualifications, 
claims and duties are defined in the Epistles to Timothy, 
and Titua. Mat. xxviii: 18, 19, 20; 2 Tim. ii: 2; Tii 
i: 7. 

12. Of Church Independefnce. — That every church is ia- 
dependent in matters of discipline; and that Associations, 
Conventions and Conferences of several ministers or 
churches, are not to impose on the churches, the keeping, 
holding or maintaining any principle or practice contrary 
to the church's judgment. Actsxx; 28; xv: 22. 

13. Of Bnptimn and the Lord's Supper. — That Christian 
baptism is the immersion of a believer in water, in Lho 
name of the Father and iSon and Holy Spirit; to show 
forth in a solemn and beautiful emblem, our faith in^ 
crucified, buried and risen Saviour; and is the answer of 
a good conscience toward God; that it is prerequisite to 
the privilege of a church relation, and to the Lord's Sup- 
per, in which the members of the church, by the use of 
bread and wine, are to commemorate the dying love of 
Christ, and should be preceded by self-examination. Acts 
ii ; 28 ; Mark xvi : 16 ; Rom. vi : i; 1 John v : 3 ; John 
xiv: 15,16,17; Lukexxii; 19,20; 1 Johnxi: 27,28. 

14. Of the Christian Sabbath.— Th&t the first day of the 
week is the Lord's Day or Christian Sabbath, and is to be 
kept sacred to religious purposes, by abstaining from all 


Religious Principles. 95 

secular labor and recreations ; by the devout observance 
of all the means of grace, both private and public ; and 
by preparation for that rest which remaineth for the peo- 
ple of God. Col. ii : 16 ; Acts xv : 21 ; xx : 7 ; John xx : 19. 

15. Of Civil Oovemment — That civil government is of 
divine appointment, for the interest and good order of 
human society ; and that magistrates are to be prayed 
for, conscientiously honored and obeyed, except in things 
opposed to the will of our Lord Jesus Christ, who is the 
only Lord of the conscienca> and the Prince of the kings 
of the earth. 1 Pet. ii: 13, 14; Mat. xxii: 21. 

16. Of the Righteous and the Wicked, — That there is a 
radical and essential diflTerence between the righteous and 
wicked ; that such only as through faith are justified in 
the name of the Lord Jesus, and sanctified by the Spirit 
of our God, are truly righteous in His esteem ; while all 
such as continue in impenitence and unbelief are in His 
sight wicked, and under the curse; and this distinction 
holds among men both in and after death. Mat. iii : 18 ; 
Rom. xiii: 1: iv: 21, 22; John iii: 18; Mat. xxv: 46. 

17. Of the World to Come, — That the end of this world 
is approaching; and at the last day, Christ will descend 
from heaven, and raise the dead from the grave to final 
retribution ; that a solemn separation will then take place ; 
that the wicked will be adjudged to everlasting punish- 
ment, and the righteous to endless joy ; and that this 
judgment will fix forever the final state of men in heaven 
or hell, on principles of righteousness. Mat. xxiv : 30 ; 
2 Cor. v: 10; Mat. xxiv: 26; xxv: 46. 



As one star differetb from another star in glory, so 
there have been in every age of the world, in church and 
in state, brighter lights, representative men, who have 
wielded an influence for go^d or evil over those that 
acknowledge their superiority. 

The Chowan Association has been blessed by the labors 
of many devoted men of God whose praises are in all the 
churches. The limits assigned will not allow the ex- 
tended notices of the lives and labors of these men, as 
given in the Minutes. Only a short space can be devoted 
to those whom we esteem both good and great. 

Great and Good Men. 

Lives of great men all impress us, 

Like the comet's sudden flight ; 
Oft distress us — never bless us, 

Leaving us in denser night. 

Lives of good men ever cheer us, 

Like the planet's steady whirl ; 
Lights to steer us — seeming near us. 

Shining, somewhere, on the world. 

Lives of great and good men charm us. 
Like the sun's and moon's clear light ; 

Naught can harm us — or alarm us. 
While they rule the day and night 

The Minutes contain sketches of thirty ministers and 
three laymen. Others were ordered, but not prepared. 


Biographical Sketches. 97 

iisr m:e3m:ori -A.M:. 

Born in Bertie County, 1750— Died, 1805, 

Age, 55. 
He was Pastor of the Concho church until his death, a 
period of twenty years. 


Born in Ireland, Died, 1805, 

Age, — . 
He was Pastor of Wiccacon church until his death. 

Born in Currituck County, 1752 — Died, 1810, 

Age, 58. 
Bro. Etheridge entered the ministry in his 30th year, 
suflfered severe trials from the church-men and mob vio- 
lence. He became Pastor of Sawyer's Creek church and 
occasionally of Knob's Crook, Coin jock and Powell's Point. 
Near the close of his life a cloud obscured his hitherto 
spotless reputation, yet God, in His mercy, prepared a 
way of escape and he died as the righteous man dieth. 

Born in Chowan County, 1750 — Died, 1807, 

Age, 57, 
Bro. Burkitt professed religion at nineteen years of age, 
began to preach in 1771, and in 1773 became Pastor of 

98 History of Chowan Baptist Association. 

Sandy Run church. After thirty-six years of active and 
successful labor, he was attacked in the pulpit with an 
illness which soon terminated his earthly career. 

Born in Gates County, 1781 — Died, 1815, 

Age, 34. 
Bro. Pruden was Pastor of Middle Swamp church, till 
his death. He was much engaged in preaching the Gos- 
pel, and his preaching was acceptable to the people, and 
much blessed. 

Born in Virginia, 1758— Died, 1823, 

Age, 65. 
Bro. Gillam, after conversion and ordination, became 
the Pastor of Outlaw's Chapel. Strange to say, this man, 
though a Baptist preacher, was possessed of considerable 
wealth, yet he obeyed Paul's injunction to the rich — ready 
to distribute as the poor could testify, who had received 
his bounties. 

Born in Pasquotank County, 1757 — Died, 1817, 

Age, 60. 
Bro. Weymouth was ordained in 1811 by the church 
in Elizabeth City. Though never a Pastor, he was busily 
engaged in preaching the gospel to neighboring churches. 

Born in Bertie County, 1763 — Died, 1822, 

Age, 59. 
In 1794, Bro. Spivey was chosen Pastor of Cashie 

Biographical Skbtchbs^ 99* 

church. He was one of the most active pioneers in es- 
tablishing missionary labors in the Association. He 
preached his last sermon at Nense Association. In two 
weeks after reaching his home, be gently passed to his 


Born in Chowan County, Died, y 

Age, 68. 
For many years, Bro. Pettijohn was Pastor of Yeopim 
church. He was remarkable for disciplinary ability. 

Born in Chowan County, 1769 — ^Died, 1826, 

Age, 57. 
Bro. Brownrigg professed religion in his 47th year. 
He was an active, useful, and well-beloved member in 
Ballard's Bridge church. Of him God had made a zeal- 
ous friend, from^ a bitter opposer. 

Born in Martin County, 1762 — Died,, 1827, 

Age,. 65. 
Bro. Ross became Pastor of Skewarkey church in 1796,, 
soon after, of Yeopim, then Bethel, with which last church 
he continued till his death. He was an eminently useful 
laborer in his Master's vineyard. 

Born in Bertie County, 1803 — Died, 1835, 

Age, 32. 
Bro. Carter was an earnest and efficient laborer ia 

100 History of Chowan Baptist Associatiok. 

church and Assoeiational work, desirous of doing good to 
all men, especially the household of faith. 

Born in Perquimans County, 1764 — Died, 183S. 

Age, 72. 
Bro. Blount was a member, successively, of Yeopim, 
Bethel and Eden ton churches, and was Deacon in the 
latter when he died. Having more than filled the three 
€core and ten, he died full of years and full of hope. 

Born in Virginia, 1779 — Died, 1844, 

Age, 65. 
Elder Harrell was Pastor of Middle Swamp church 
twenty-one years. South Quay, eleven years. Founded 
Piney Grove church, aided by Elders Daniel, Delke and 
Bice. Aided in constituting Great Fork church, and be- 
came its Pastor, and so continued till his death. 


Born , 1787— Died, 1843, 

Age, 56. 
Served Gashie church as Pastor twenty-one years, till 
his death. He did, also, much itinerant work — fought a 
good fight 

Born in Chowan County, 1784 — Died, 1849, 

Age, 65. 
Reared in a Quaker family, he was thirty-two years of 
age whan ha professed religion, and united with Ballard's 

Biographical Sketches. 


Bridge chnreh of which he waa chosen Pastor in 18-'i7. 
He was said, by those who knew him beat, to have exem- 
plified in his life Paul's portraiture of charity. 


Born in London, 1803— Died, 1850, 

Age, 47. 

Served, aa Pastor, Salem, Elizabeth City and Suffolk, 

(Va.) cbtirchea. Traveled under the appointment of the 

I Association as Missionary in Washington and Tyrrell 

counties for four years. In 1840 settled in Murfreeshoro, 

taking charge of Mt. Carmel, Potecasi, Kobert'a Chapel, 

Meherrin and Bethlehem churches. He died in Halifax 

county, on his way to the Baptist State Convention. 


Born in Hbrtfokd County, 1821 — Died, 1852, 

Age, 31. 

After teaching school awhile, he was ordained in the 

Association at Mt. Tabor. He was soon called to serve 

Mt. Carmel, Potecasi, Robert's Chapel and Bethlehem, 

A long career of distinguished usefulness was presaged 

by his friends; but God's tboughtsare not as our thoughts, 

and be was taken away early, suddenly. 


Born in Martin Countv, 1768 — Died, 1853, 

Age, 85. 

In his 18th year be was baptized by hia brother, Martin 

Ross. He labored aa an Evangelist in the countiea south 

of Roanoke and Tar rivers. He afterwards settled in 

102 History op Chowan Baptist Association, 

Bertie county, where his works praised him. Having 
passed the unusual limit of fourscore and four years, un- 
able to reach the house of God, he would send for his 
neighbors, and dispense to them the Word of Life. 

Biographical sketches of Elders James Nash, Pritchard, 
Jordan and M. Corbell were ordered, but not published. 

Born in Camden County, 1794 — Died, 1855, 

Age, 61. 
He professed religion in Tennessee and united with the 
Methodists. In 1824, having returned to his native 
county, he was baptized into th« fellowship of Sawyer's 
Creek church, and ordained in the Association 1845. The 
insidious errors of Campbellism were then making rapid 
advances. Against these he was a firm opposer. He was 
Pastor, at different times, of Elizabeth City, Shiloh, Provi- 
dence, Shady Grove, North-west (Va.) and Black Water 
^Va.) churches. 

Born in Camden County, 1799 — Died, 1855, 

Age, 56. 
He was ordained 1841, became Pastor of Shiloh church, 
also preaching for other churches. Owing to the small 
pittance he received, he, like many others, was more fa- 
miliar with the implements of husbandry than with 
books or papers, save the Bible. Yet he preached the 
Oospel, and preached it acceptably. 

Biographical Sketches. 103 

Born in Edenton, 1797 — Died, 1856, 

Age, 59. 

He was ordained in 1842. Though entering the min- 
istry at a late period of his life, he gathered many sheaves 
into the garner. He was, for several years. Pastor of Sa- 
lem church, preaching also to destitute places in Chowan 
and Perquimans, occasionally in Edenton. His last text 
was peculiarly appropriate — " It is finished." 

Born in Hertford Coqnty, 1803 — Died, 1859, 

Age, 56. 

He was baptized at Coleraine by Elder Delke in 1832 
and was ordained in 1835 as Pastor of Coleraine church, 
which station he voluntarily resigned the year before he 
died. He was also Pastor of Ahoskie church for twenty- 
three years, and of Pleasant Grove church for several 
years, also of Bethlehem and Holly Grove. He drew his 
support principally from his farm. 

Born in Halifax County, 1784 — Died, 1859, 

Age, 75. 

Professed religion when 14. Ordained 1823 Pastor of 
Smith's church. He preached also at Vassers, Moody's 
church and fountain's Creek, (Va.) Severely afflicted 
with paralysis for many years, he yet maintained his in- 
tegrity to the last, and died the death of the righteous. 

104 History of Chowan Baptist Association. 

Born in Perquimans County, 1805— Died, 1S62, J 

Age, 57. 

He was ordained 1831. His life, after a youth Doto- 
rious for its wickedness, was spent in doing his Master's 
work, and doing it well. He was ooe of nature's orators, 
commanding attention and respect. In the spring of 
1858 he lost liis eye-sight, but continued to preach, and 
was Pastor of Sandy Cross church when he died, which 
position he had held for twenty-eight years. Many took 
him as their model, but none ever equaled him in force 
of argument, power of delivery and impressiveness o£_ 


Born in Virginia, 1703— Died, 1862, 

Age, 69. 

He was baptized into Mill Swamp church, Vii^ni 
1816, and was ordained by Black Creek church, Virgi 
1823, He spent eight years in Chowan Association i 
three in Tar River Association. He then Iabored| 

Evangelist in North Carolina and Virginia till 

when he resumed his pastoral labors in Chowan Associa-I 
tion. In his early ministry he was blessed by frequent 
and intimate intercourse with Elders Robert T. Daniel 
and James L. Gwaltney. The last ten years of hi? life 
were largely devoted to Colportage in tbo Bertie Union 
Meeting, of which body he was, for many years, 

Biographical KKETCHEa. 

Born in Hertford County, 1839 — Died, 1864, 
Age, 25, 
He was ordained in 1863. He was appointed army 
Missionary by the Baptist Board of Missions, and after- 
wards was made Chaplain of the 13th North Carolina 
Regiment. He was soon afterwards stricken down by 
sickness which closed his earthly life, in the bloom and 
promise of youth. His last words whispered an earnest 
appeal to his unconverted father at home. ^^_ 


■ Born in Virginia, 1807— Died, 1865, ^™ 

" He was baptized by Elder A. M. Craig, in 1843. In 
May, 1852, having been examined before the Association 
and found worthy, he was ordained to the work of the 
ministry. In 1862, he was called to the pastoral care of 
Sandy Run church. In zeal and earnest labors for the 
church, and in neighborhood preaching and prayer- 
i, his life shone brighter and brighter to the end 

BoRS IN Chowan County, 1816 — Died, 1866, 
Age, 50. I 
He was ordained to the ministry in 1850, and was Pas- 
tor of Corinth, Mt. Tabor, Rockyhock, Bethel and Sandy 
Cross churches. He was regiarkable for his practical 
qualities, personal piety and Christian integrity — his own 
ambition being to be esteemed " a good minister of Jesus 
Christ." His last labors were spent in a protracted meet- 

106 HisTOEY OF Chowan Baptist AsaociATioN. 

ing with Sandy Cross. Three days after he meekl 
yielded up his spirit, bright in the faith he had so oU> 
preached toothers. 

Born in Bertie County, 1775 — Died, 
Age, 87. 

He was ordaioed in 1816, and was Pastor of Connr 
ritsa diurch for thirty-five jearSj and of RepubHcan 
twenty yeara. During the last three or four years of his 
life his BQiaisterial labors were confined to a school-bouse 
near his home, where many souls were enabled to find 
peace. Bro. Bazemore attained to the most advanced age 
of all our ministers. 

Born in Pekson County, 1S26— Disd. 1867, 
Age, 41, 
In early life, Bro. Jones volunteered as a aoldier in the 
Mexican war, until discharged on account of loss of 
health. In 1849 lie was received as a beneficiary at 
Wake Forest College, but after two sessions, his healtl 
failing, he went on a mission to Western Carolina, whi 
he was instrumental in erecting a Baptist house of 
ship in each of the counties of Burke, Catawba and Gi 
ton. Was subsequently Pastor of the church in CharloU 
adding much to its strength. In ] 859, with improved 
health, he returned to W^e Forest College, having at 
that time a wife and three children. He preached also 
for two churcfeee. Having graduated in 1861, he ac- 
cepted the pastorate of tUe church at Hertford, which be 




held for six years. His health again failing, lie entered 
upon an agency to endow Wake Forest College. In this, 
as in all his labors, he was eminently suecessfnl. He 
died at Wake Forest College, a true Christian hero. 

BoHN IN Hertford County, 1796 — Died, 1871, 
Age, 75. 
He was ordained in Chowan Association. In 1837, he, 
with others, was dismissed by letter from Connaritsa 
church, to constitute a church at Pleasant Grove, which 
he served as Pastor till 1841. Bro. White was a lover of 
books, he was also a diligent man working at the shoe- 
maker's bench. His ministerial labors were blessed, and 
his death was the death of the righteous. 


Born in Virginia, 1811— Died, 1872; 

Age, 61. 

Bro. Worrell moved to Gatesville in 1837, and was 

chiefly instrumental in organizing a Baptist church and 

building a house of worship in that place. While in 

Gatesville. be was a prosperous merchant. He was 

Pastor of Gatesville, Cool Spring and Middle Swamp 

churches. In 1866 he moved to Baltimore, where he was 

unsuccessful as (!ommission Merchant, Editor and Grocer, 

He then became agent for^ a Life Insurance Company, 

and in that business retrieved his previous losses. His 

last illness, thofgb painful, was borne with Christian 

resignation, and he died in the full hope of a b 

home iu heaven. 

108 History of Chowan Baptist Association, 

Born in Orange County, 1806 — Died, 1874, 

Age, 68. 
Bro. Craig was ordained by Sandy Run church in 1832* 
His praise was in the churches blessed by his labors — 
Sandy Run, Bethlehem, Republican, Mt. Carmel, Caehie — 
having ministered to the last about twenty years with 
fidelity and good success. As an educator, he was faith, 
ful, firm, zealous, indefatigable. Truly can it be said of 
him — the world is better by his having lived in it. A care- 
ful study of the Bible made him a plain, forcible and in- 
structive expounder of its truths. His Christian integ- 
rity, sterling probity, scholarly attainments, and unswerv- 
ing devotion to his Master's cause characterized his use- 
ful life. He died, having kept the faith. 

Wolves in Sheep-Clothino. 

From 1808 to 1872, the names, William Dawes, John 
Salusbury, Jesse Hassel, John Cleaveland, W. J. Newborn, 
James Osborne, John P. Brice and T. R. Lawrence, are 
characterized in the minutes as deceivers, impostors, un- 
worthy of Christian confidence. All these, I think, had 
been zealous laborers in the bounds of Chowan Associa- 
tion. Truly did the sacred writer say: "Many false 
prophets are gone out into the world, and many de- 



A few of our Baptist brethren, and I am glad they are 
few, being occasionally found, who would show us " a 
more excellent way " — a way better than the " good old 
way by ancient worthies trod," it may not be amiss to 
close this history with a few words explanatory of the 
designs, workings and results of Associations, an order of 
institutions that has largely aided the churches in prose- 
cuting the foreign work enjoined on them in the Great 
Commission ; as also by inspiring and properly directing 
a more zealous and eflScient energy in extending and 
strengthening " the things which remain that are ready 
to die." 

There is another class of our brethren also, hopefully 
small, who, not being able to resist the abundant evidence 
of God's blessing on what they are pleased to call our 
unscriptural plans, reluctantly acknowledge them as 
" necessary evils " — as though God would bless evils. 

To these two classes of objectors, and to any others, if 
there be such, I appeal as Christian to Christian. Hear me: 

1. Associations are the creatures of the churches, de- 
signed to maintain a general unanimity, brotherly love, 
christian sympathy ; to effect by consert of action what 
could not be accomplished by individual church effort, 
or if possible of accomplishment in this way, might by 

110 HisTOBY OF Chowan Baptist Association. 

the codperation of others be effected in a shorter time, in 
a more efficient manner, and with a more judicious ex- 
penditure of the funds contributed, and yet violate no 
positive or inferential command of the Bible. If a church 
may appoint a certain number of her members to transact 
matters pertaining to the cause of Christ, then other 
churches in the exercise of the same right may confer 
together as delegates, especially when instructed by their 
churches how to accomplish the proposed work, by devis- 
ing and executing such ways and means as in their judg- 
ment, under the blessing of God, may secure the best re- 

If we compare the little, almost nothing, done by the 
Baptist churches in this State previous to the formation 
of Associations with what has since been accomplished 
through these agencies, we cannot fail to see abundantly 
encouraging evidences of God's blessings on united effort. 
Our Associations, it is true, have sometimes committed 
errors, so have our churches, yet we should not for this 
reason abandon our churches, and rely only on individual 
effort to propagate the gospel. 

2. What is there in the working of our Associations 
contrary to the Scriptures, any more than many things 
that we do in our churches? Not the singing, the pray- 
ing, the preaching assuredly, nor yet the speeches setting 
forth the importance, claims and necessities of Home and 
Foreign Missions, Bible and Tract distribution, Educa- 
tion, Church-Extension, Sunday School, dissemination of 
Religious Literature ; receiving from the churches volun- 
tary contributions with instructions how to be applied, 
and collections from the entire assemblage for any s|>eci- 

CoNCLUsioir. Ill 

fied objects. I'hese moneys, contributions and collections 
are at once dispatched to their destinations, with more 
promptness than it could have been done by the several 
churches, even supposing it would have been done at all. 
Besides, the amounts, sometimes considerable, gathered 
from a mixed multitude, could be secured in no other 
way but by agents, a means even more objectionable to 
these opposers, than Associations even. 

Again, Associations are, not unfrequently, the means of 
great blessing to the churches and communities in which 
they are held, the sessions being sometimes followed by 
a glorious revival of religion. 

Also, the ministers from the various churches meeting 
at the Associations, by the interchange of views in regard 
to the doctrines and practices peculiar to our denomina- 
tion, aid in maintaining and strengthening that unity 
of faith and harmony of labor so essential to the peace 
and prosperity of the churches. Especially are our young 
ministers benefitted by seeking counsel from their elder 
brethren, and profiting by the sermons, addresses, and 
private, social intercourse with the old soldiers of the 
Cross who have borne the burden and heat of the day. 

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