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Ji^wtfmtt CoOese tfbtwcp 




BRIGHT LEGACY 

Odc half the income firom tkb heguj^ whkh 
ceiTcd in 1880 under the will of 



WM re- 



JONATHAN BROWN BRIGHT 
of Waltluun, MuMtchiuetti, it to be expended for books 
for the Coll^ Libnrf. The other half of the income 
Is devoted to scholnrshiM in Hanmrd UniTenltj for the 
benefit of detcendnnte of 

HBNRT BRIGHT, JR., 
who died at Watertown, MaMachneetts, in 1686. In the 
abience of mch deecendaats, other penons are eligible 
to the •ehoianhipf. The will reqoiree that thb annoonco- 
ment ehali be mado in ererjr book added to the Library 
•ader its provisions. 




THE 



HISTORY Of NORWAY: 



COBftPXHBING A 



MINUTE ACCOUKT OF ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, TOWN 
OFFICERS, TUB ANNUAL EXPENDITURES OF TUB TOWN, WITH 

OTUBR STATISTICAL MATTERS: 



INTERSPERSED WITH 



HISTORICAL SKETCHES, 



NARRATIVE AND ANECDOTE, AND OCCASIONAL REMARI{;S 

DY THE AUTHOR. 



BY DAVID NOYES. 


• 

NORWAY: 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOR. 

1852; 



OS lHoH.ZS.6 








GEORGE W. MXLLETT, PRINTER, 

ADVERTISER PREBS^ 

NORWAY VILLAGE. 



PREFACE. 



I suppose I must write a preface before I enter one stvp 
on my work, auid tell why I am going to write a book, jukI 
what I am going to write about. The why is because many 
of our good citizens wish for such a work ; but the what is 
more than I can tell, as I may feel very differently to-mor- 
row from what I do to-day ; and therefore I am unable to tell 
in what kind of a channel my ideas tnay take a notion to flow. 
Sut first, I intend to give as minute an account of the early' 
settlement of the town as tlio best data in my possession will 
enable me to do ; and also of the expenditures of the town 
for the benefit of its inhabitants ; the immigration of new 
settlers since the commencement of the settlement ; the acci- 
dents, and remarkable incidents, that have taken place ; histor- 
ical sketches, naiTative and anecdote, occasionally interspersed 
with just such ideas as happen to run in my noddle while 
writing. I shall not attempt to tell a good story, or to ci*ack 
a good joke, for the sake of producing a good hearty laugh ; 
for such things always hit somewhere ; but I am bound to 
get along without running against anybody, if I can help it. 
J intend to tell the tfnith as far as I tell any thing : I shall 
'' naught extenuate, nor set down aught in malice," and intend 
to wholly avoid bringing any ^'railing accusation" against 
any one. I humbly acknowledge the many kindnesses re- 
ceived from different individuals in furnishing me with facts 



17 PRE'PACE. 

;and materials, as they were able, for the commenoement and 
prosecution of the work; among which persons aro first, 
Samuel Ames, (he has almost been my standing register 
about the first settlement,*) and also Benjamin Flint, Aaron 
Wilkins, Darius Holt, Nathaniel Bennett, Joel Frost, John 
Pike, Daniel Knight, Jr., and Daniel Stevens ; and among 
the females are the widow Olive Stevens, Mrs. Ruth Lovejoy, 
Mrs. Mary Stevens, the wife of Jonas Stevens, and Mrs. 
Mary Ordway, the wife of Amos Ordway ; — as they were tho 
children of the very first settlers^ and were old enough to 
retain their early impressions about matters and things of 
those early times. Mrs. Mercy A. Whitman has my warmest 
jthanks for her carefully-preserved record of the deaths in the 
town since 1820. The town authorities are kindly thanked 
for the use of the Selectmen's books ; and the town Clerk for 
Ills records since 1843, and the same to tho Treasurer. 

The several religious societies will accept my thanks for 
their aid generously furnished me, and with my warm thanks, 
.a warmer wish, that our Heavenly Father may always con- 
:^inue to smile propitiously on them, and fit them, more than 
£ver^ for the full enjoyment of a blessed immortality. 

To the officers of the Militia (I can 't find any now, but I 
have found tho old books) I present my thanks for tho old 
records ; and all the o$cers of the Militia are entitled to 
jnuch praise for the correctness with which the books have 
been kept. To be sure, we all desire to see the time " when 
men shall learn war no more," but perhaps it may be well to 
keep the " tools ready " for fear they may be wanted. 

And this scrawl I am going to call my preface to the fol- 
lowing work, which I shall humbly inscribe to the good 
citizens of Norway, hoping it will afford them as much pleas^ 
nre in reading, as it has afforded me labor in writing. It i? 
possible that some things are noted which some may not de- 
sire ; and that other things aro omitted which some would 
like to see ; but I can 't help that j I never bargained to suit 



PKEPACE. V 

everybody. Doubtless there are some mistakes in regard to 
dates, but instead of wondering at a few mistakes, it should 
be a gi*eater wonder that there are not more ; for on an ex- 
amination of the work, it will be readily seen that I have, 
had a great many ^' irons in the fire" at the same time. 
Many of the new immigrants probably came into the town 
some montllSj and possibly a year before they are named, as 
I name tliem when they appear on the tax-books. Many of 
the old settlers' sons, perhaps, do not appear in the year when 
they arrived at 21 yeara of age, as many of them, possibly, 
Went oJF to work, out of town, for a year and perhaps several 
years ; and in some instances they may be classed among the 
new immigrants ; but I hope such trivial matters will give no- 
unpleasant feelings to any one, or in any degree detract from 
the merits or usefulness of the work. The town has kindly 
afforded me a shelter and a home for neai^ly half a century ; 
so long, that it seems to me that I have become a ^' part and 
parcel " of the same : and should it ever be so ordained, in 
Providence, that I should leavo the place, I know I should 
feel a " longing for the flesh-pots '' of old Norway, for " with 
all thy faults I love thee stilt" 

The citizens of Norway will! please to accept my thanks 
for the many favors received during a long series of years, 
and should you be pleased to liberally patronize the present 
work, it win greatly serve to* smooth the down-hill of life, 
which I am fast descending, and will be productive of the 
lasting gratitude of 

Your most obedient and hu)nl)le servant, 

DAVID NOYES. 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 



Tub town of Norway is made up of tho following tractor 
or grants of land, viz : tlie tract of land formerly known as 
Rustficld, purchased by Henry Bust, of Salem, Massachu-* 
setts, of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in Deeemberi 
1787, estimated at six thousand acres ; the Lee Grant, esti^ 
mated at six thousand acres exclusive of water ; the Gummingd 
Gore, containing about three thousand and six hundred acres ; 
and three tiers of lots taken from the easterly side of tlie 
town of Watcrford, viz : a strip one mile and a half wide^ 
and seven miles long, estimated to contain six thousand seven 
hundred and twenty acres; and another tract called the 
" Gore," or ** Bust's Gore-," lying south of the Waterford 
three tiers, and bordering on the northerly line of Otisiield| 
containing about seventeen hundred acres more or less, making 
in tho whole a trifle over twenty-four thousand acres ; but ai 
tlu&t time it was rather a custom to make quite liberal meas-^ 

■ 

ure in eastern lands, therefore we may safely calculate the 
quantity to be, at least, twenty-five thousand acres, or more. 
The Waterford three tiers, and the " Bust Gore," last de- 
scribed, lying south of the three tiers, form the westerly side 
of the town, making the whole length eight miles and one 
hundred and thirty-eight rods. The Lee Grant lies in the 
northeast comer of the town^ the Cummings Gore between 
the Lee Grant and the northerly part of the Waterford three 



8 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

I 

tiers, and that part called BHstfield lies south of the Lee 
Grant and the Oummings Gore, being the southerly part of 
what is now called the town of Norway. 

The Cummings Gore proper, or what is now known as the 
Cummings Gore, did not extend south any farther than the 
southerly line of the old Major Cummings farm, now owned 
by Amos T. Holt ; but there is a gore of land lying south of 
the Cummings Gore, extending from the southerly line of the 
Cummings Gore proper about two hundred and eighty rods 
on the Leo line to the northerly line of Rustficld, and about 
one hundred and ninety rods on the easterly lino of the Wa- 
terford three tiers, and 6ne mile and a half east and west, 
ifhich was at first in dispute between Ilenry Rust, the pro- 
prietor of Rustficld, and Jonathan Cummings, the proprietor 
of the Cummings Gore ; but by an arrangement between the 
parties the land was held by the said Cummings. I have 
been thus minute in pointing out the difierent tracts and pieces 
of land now composing the to^vn of Norway, in order that 
the reader, and those interested in the firat settlement, may 
the better krtow where the early settlers commenced operations 
when they came into the wilderness to found a home for 
themselves and posterity. 

1786. — This year five individuals, viz : Joseph Stevens, 
Jonas Stevens, Jeremiah Ilobbs, Amos Ilobbs, and George 
Lessley, from the town of Gray, came into the place, and 
felled trees on the tract called Rustficld, excepting Jeremiah 
Hdbbs, who c6nimcnced on the lot easterly of Avhere the 
Congregational meeting-house now stands, and then supposed 
to bo wiiliin the limits of Avhat was afterwards called Rust- 
field ; George Lessky commenced on what has since b^en 
known as the Isdiah Hall farm, now owned and occupied by 
William Frost, 3d, and brothers ; Amos Hobbs commenced 
on the farm where his youngest son, Amos Hobbs, now lives j 
Joseph Stevens commc^nccd ^vhcro his youngest son, Simon 
Stevens, now lives; and Jonas Stevens commenced on tho 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 9 

pljico now owned by Amos F. Noycs and Lorenzo D. 
Hobbs. 

During the first summer and fall, these hardy pioneers of 
the wilderness made what preparations they were able to 
make, in order to move their families the ensuing spring and 
summer ; and from such accounts as the writer can gather, 
Joseph Stevens built a small frame liouse early in the spring 
of 1787, sixteen feet by twenty ; he split out pine rift clap- 
boards, and clapboarded on the studs, and long-shingled the 
roof, built a stone fire-place high enough on which to lay a 
wooden mantle-piece, and after a short 'time topped out the 
chimney by what used to be called catting : that is, by laying 
up split sticks, cob-house fashion, in clay mortar, mixed with 
straw, chopped fine, to make it adhere more strongly to the 
sticks. After getting fairly into their new settlement the 
other four built themselves houses of the same size and con- 
struction. They split out basswood plank and hewed them 
for a floor, and each one brought a board from a mill in Paris, 
on Stony brook, called Jackson's Mill, to make an outside 
door. Some of them had a board window which they could 
take down in fair weather, and put up in foul, cold weather ; 
and some of them say the most stylish had a paper window 
made of white paper well coated with oil, perhaps goose oil. 
At the time these fii-st settlei-s were falling trees, Samuel 
Ames (now living in Norway Village — then living in Pai'is, 
and tending the first grist-mill built in that town, on Stony 
brook — and he says he ground the first grist in that mill,) 
came over to what was afterwards called Rustfield, and went 
up the pond, called the great Pennessewassee, and visited 
them while falling their first trees. Previous to moving into 
the wilderness, these first settlers moved the principal part of 
their families into what is now called Pai-is, (incorporated in 
1798) and into Shepherdsfield, now Hebron and Oxford, that 
they might be nearer their contemplated place of location. 

1787. — In the spring of this year, either the last of April 



10 HISTORY OP NOR\yAY. 

or first of May, Joseph Stevens moved his family, consisting 
of himself, his wife and four children, Daniel, Jonas, Amy 
and Aphia, (Jonas did not come in at that time, he remaining 
at Gray with his grandfather) into his new habitation. They 
came from their temporary abode to the foot of the pond, and 
then proceeded up the pond in a boat to nearly opposite where 
he had built his rude habitation ; but it being cloudy, and 
night coming on sooner than they expected, and having by 
accident got their tinder and fire-works wet, they were unable 
to strike a light ; and having no other guide than a spotteil 
line, they were compelled to take up their first night's lodg- 
ing in the woods by the warmest side of a large tree ; and in 
the morning they cheerfully proceeded to their future home. 
The writer hoa often heard Mrs. Stevens, Atmt Betty ^ as wo 
used to call her, say that she had a grand night's sleep, and 
. felt very thankful when they reached tlieir camp, or house. 

Georgo Lessley moved in the next day after Joseph Ste- 
vens, and moved into Stevens' house ; and in a few weeks 
aft;er, say the first of June, Amos Hobbs moved into the 
same house, making only three families in one house, sixteen 
feet by twenty. When Amos Hobbs moved in, they came to 
the foot of the pond at the westerly end of what we now 
know as Ames' point, about one hundred rods westerly of 
the mill, on the northerly side of the stream, where they ex- 
pected Joseph Stevens would meet them with a boat ; but it 
being very windy, he did not dare to venture the voyage ; 
and after waiting awhile, Mr. Hobbs went round by the 
southerly end of the pond up to Mr. Stevens', and they then 
came down with the boat, took the family aboard, and pro- 
>ceeded to their habitation, where they all arrived in safety. 
I have lately heard a description of their stop on the point, 
while waiting for the boat nearly half a day, from Mrs. Jonas 
Stevens, who was the oldest child of Amos Hobbs' family, 
and «he said that was the first time she ever saw her motlier 
ery« She then had an infant in her arms, born the March 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 11 

previous, (tlio infant was Robinson Hobbs) and the mosqui- 
toes and black flies were so numerous that it seemed as though 
they should be devoured. In the intermediate time between 
the moving in of Joseph Stevens and Amos Hobbs, Jonas 
Stevens, in the fore part of May, came in with his family in 
about the same manner ; and Jeremiah Ilobbs moved his 
family in September following. 

Perhaps I may as well here mention how the first settlers 
became acquainted with the place, previous to their making a 
settlement. After the close of the revolutionary war, many 
old, middle-aged, and young men found themselves poor, and 
in rather a poor situation to support their families, and with 
little or nothing to purchase a farm, or even a piece of land 
wherewith to make a peimanent home for themselves and 
families. A Mr. James Stinchfield, and Jonas Stevens, (who 
had been a soldier through nearly all the war) and some oth- 
ers, came into the place on a hunting excursion around the 
great Pennessewassee pond, and other ponds and streams in 
the vicinity ; and seeing the beautiful growth of wood and 
timber, and the indications of a fertile soil, came to the con- 
clusion that, with the smiles of Providence, they could locate 
themselves in this place, then a howling wilderness, and thus 
secure a permanent home for themselves and families ; and it 
appears by subsequent events that their manly exertions were 
ultimately crowned with signal success. 

During the first two years of the early settlement there 
was no mill in the place, and the settlers were obliged to go 
to Paris to Jackson's mill on Stony brook, which was but a 
poor, rude apology for a^mill, or to what is now called Otis- 
field to what has since been called Bay's mill, where they 
sometimes in the winter went on snow-shoes, with a bushel or 
two on a hand-sled. But to remedy this inconvenience, they 
took a piece of a large hardwood log, about two feet long, and 
dug out a cavity in one end with what they used for a tapping j 
iron, (an article for tapping maple trees for the purpose of 



12 HISTORY OP NORWAY. 

making maple sugar) and then buiiit out the cavity as smooth 
as possible, and in this pounded their corn into what they 
called samp or hominy ; from that material they made what 
the boys and girls of. that day called samp porridge, and ate 
it in various ways, and considered it very good, too. 

In the spring after first moving in, Jeremiah Hobbs, who^ 
had a large family of children, say eight in number, had the 
misfortune to lose his only cow, which they calculated would 
do much towards the support of his family. ^Fhis was a se-* 
rious loss at that time, and in such circumstances ; and either 
that spring or the next, Mr. Lessley met with a similar mis- 
fortune ; but Mrs. Lessley, like a true woman, preserved the- 
calf by feeding it with gruel, and a little milk obtained fi-om 
her few, but friendly neighbors. Amos Ilobbs also met with 
a serious loss about this time ; he had obttiined half a bushel 
of com, which lie cuvric<l to the Stony brook mill, and had 
to leave it ; when he went for it, the meal, bag and all, was 
gone — probably to feed some other hungry family. This,, 
although very trivial^' was a severe loss to him and family in- 
such a time of privation, and almost starvation. Before the 
new crop of grain could be got oiF to make bread of, Mra. 
Lessley Bhelled out wheat by hand and boiled it for food for 
herself and fiimily. Let the mothers of the present day 
render thanks to a kind Providence, that they are not reduced 
to such straits to feed their families^ 

In the summer of 1787, William Parsons, John Parsons, 
and Benjamin Herring, and also Dudley Pike, came into 
Rustfield, and felled trees in order for a settlement, commenc- 
ing on the farms where they afterwaxds lived luid died. Tho 
writer has good reason to believe, from Sufficient authority, 
that William Parsons and John Parsons came into Rustfield 
the first of June, 1786, and looked out their respective lots, 
and actually conimenced falling trees on the third day of 
June ; the first tree cut down was a large hemlock on John 
Parsons' lot, and the roots of that tree are said to be still ift 



niSTORY OF NORWAY. 13 

their primitive place — ^at least they were till since his death, 
which took place December 6, 1847, aged 85 years. A short 
time before his death, his son, George W. Parsons, was 
ploughing in the field where the old stump had stood from 
the time the first tree in the place was felled, and the old 
gentleman, seeing that the old roots were about to be tora 
from their bed, entreated his sou to spare them while he re- 
mained on the earth, arid they were accordingly sacredly pre- 
served. They felled but a small opening in 1786, enlarged 
it the next year, and moved their families as follows. 

1788.; — This year Dudley Pil^e moved his fiirnily into 
Rustfield, March 2G, and had scarcely got into his humble 
habitation, when the three other pioneers, William Parsons, 
John Parsons, and Benjamin Herring, arrived at his house, 
that is, at night on the 27th of March ; and the road not 
being quite as good as at this itime, they put up with him for 
the night, and the next day proceeded to their own habita- 
tions, which were nothing but humble log houses. About 
this time, Lemuel Shed and a Mr. Jonathan Stickney com- 
menced on two adjoining lots on the Watcrford plantation, 
which is now the Watcrford three tiers ; Stickney on the 
farm where Benjamin Flint now lives, and Shed where John 
S. Shed now lives, which is on the Watcrford three tiers, and 
now on the old County rojid leading from Swift's Corner to 
Watcrford. Shed camped with Stickney on the Flint farm. 

Lemuel Shed was a soldier through about all the revolu- 
tionary war, and was, as he has often told the writer, one of 
Washington's life-guards ; and previous to the taking of Bur- 
goyne, he was sent from Washington's head-quarters with an 
express to General Gates. He had to pass through a portion 
•of country thickly infested with torics, and run many risks 
and hair-breadth escapes ; finally he had to leap from his 
horse and abandon him, and make his escape the test way he 
could — which he did by taking shelter behind a sheet of water 
which fell over a cataiact, leaving an open space behind the 



14 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

water ; and after remaining until the searcli for him was 
over, pursued his way on foot, and delivered his message ac- 
cording, to orders ; and it is possible that the subsequent 
important victory might, in some measure, depend on the 
advices carried by this faithful soldier. 

Previous to the building of the mills, Samuel Ames built 
him a camp, about on the spot where the mill-sbed now 
stands, which served for a shelter while at work on the mill. 
This was the first shelter, or camp, built in what is now Nor- 
way Village ; it was built by putting down in the ground 
three posts of a proper height, and cutting off a birch trcQ 
at the same height for the fourth post, and covered with bai*k« 

On the 17th day of October, 1787, Sarah Stevens, tho 
daughter of Jonas Stevens, was born. She wtui the. first 
white child bom in the place, and the eighth child of thct 
family, and is now the wife of Jonathan Edwards, of Otis^ 
field. The first male child bom in the place, was Joseph 
Stevens, the son of Joseph Stevens, who was born May 31st, 

1788. Ebene2;er Hobbs^ the son of Amos Hobbs, was tho 
Tiext child bom in the place ; he was bom August 24th, 

1789. Nathan Noble came into tho place probably in tho 
spring, this year, and had a child bom the same yeai*, which 
died in infancy. 

Nathaniel Stevens felled trees in the same year that his 
brothers, Joseph and Jonas, moved into the place, and moved 
his family in 1788. His lot was westerly of Jeremiah Ilobbs' 
lot, and his first habitation was about northwesterly of whera 
tho meeting-house now stands. Soon after he moved in, he 
had the misfortune to get his leg broken while falling treesj. 
and his wife and three small children were left in a very des-% 
titute condition ; as the few new settlers had scarcely enoughi 
for their own families, and provisions had to be brought traai. 
a considerable distance, even if these new settlers had the^> 
wherewith to pay for the same. Mi^s. Stevens about thift 
time was reduced to such necessity for fi)od, that she felt 



HISTORY OP NOllWAY. 16 

herself justified in digging up a few potatoes from the liills 
where they had been recently planted by her neighbor, Mr. 
Jeremiah Hobbs, in order to feed her hungry childi*en. Al* 
though Mr. Stevens was so unfortunate, he was not forsakeh 
by his few neighbors, who generously turned out and felled 
trees for him, and assisted in taking care of the little crop he 
had put into the ground ; and although Mrs. Stevens dug up 
her neighbor's potatoes, let no one think amiss of her moral 
character on that account, as all her neighbors can not speak 
otherwise than weU of her through a long life. 

In 1789, Capt. Hcmy Rust, the proprietor of Rustfield, 
commenced building a grist and saw-mill on the same site 
now improved for sunilar mills at the upper end of Norway 
Village. The grist-mill was completed in October, 1789, 
(the saw and grist-mills were raised in June) and Samuel 
Ames ground the first grist ever ground in the place, and 
continued to tend the same mill for more than forty years^ 
and probably for forty-five years, after. 

Thomas Cowen, who came from Paris, tended the saw- 
mill, under the superintendence of Mr. Ames, after it was 
ready to run, about two or tliree years. He built a little hut 
nearly opposite the saw-mill, and when he left the mill he 
went on to a piece of land, now owned by H. G. Cole, north 
of the old Peter Buck farm, and subsequently removed to 
Paris. Beuben Hubbard afterwards built the two story house 
now standing on the place. 

While Capt. Bust was building the mills, he employed the 
new settlers on his plantation to work for him as much as 
they wished, allowing them half a dollar per day towards 
their land, which he sold to them for half a dollar per acre ; 
thus every day's work paid for an acre of land. As a land- 
holder, Oapt. Bust performed many acts of kindness to the 
settlers on his land, not only by selling his land very cheap, 
but in trying to add otherwise to their comforts and conve- 
niences. Among other things, he brought down from Salem 



16 HISTORY OP NORWAY. 

quite a lot of small six-squared windows of six by eight 
glass, which ho distributed among the settlera, a window or 
two to each ; and this wasf a valuable present to them, as this 
was the first glass known in the place. 

Peter Everett came into the place in this year, and com- 
menced on the east end of the Esquire Eastman farm, and 
supposed that it was on the Rust Grant at the time of build- 
ing a small frame house, where he lived a few years ; and 
after Bust and Cummings settled the question of title to that 
tract of land, and it being held by Cummings, Mr. Rust gavo 
Mr. Everett a lot of land lying west of William Parsons' lot, 
where he moved his house, and lived till his death, which 
took place March 27, 1821. When Mr. Everett lived on the 
Esquire Eastman lot, his wife kept a little school for the in- 
f truction of the small children in the neigliborhood. This 
school she kept in lier own house, and was the fii*st school of 
any description ever kept in the place. 

This year Darius Holt and Nathan Foster came down — 
Holt from Andover, and Foster f5w)m Tewksbury, Mass. — ^to 
work for Jonathan Cummings, the proprietor of the Cum- 
mings Gore, and commenced where his son Jonathan Cum- 
iniiigs afterwards lived and died. They were here at the 
raising of the mills in June, 1789. Nathan Foster after- 
wards purchased the tier of lots north of the Cummings farm, 
and afterwards lived and died on the same. Darius Holt 
afterwards bargained for the seventh tier of lots on the Cum- 
mings Gore, and built a small frame house where Daniel 
Town now lives, and the house buUt by Holt makes a part of 
said Town's house. Mr. Holt lived at what was afterwards 
called Fuller's Comer about four years, and then moved into 
Waterford plantation, near Lemuel Shed's lot. 

This year Amos Upton came down from Reading, Mass., 
and felled trees on the lot south of Fuller's Comer, and 
moved his family in Sept., 1790. Nathan Noble moved his 
family into Amos Hobbs' house in the spring of 1789, and 



HISTOEY OF NORWAY. 17 

bttSlt a small fi*amo house whore he afterwards lived, in the 
course of the summer following. Benjamin Witt came down 
-with Capt. Bust subsequent to the erection of the mills, and 
iros the first blacksmith that ever hammered iron in what is 
now called Norway. 

Fhinehas Whitney, about this time, commenced on the hill 
westerly ef Lemuel Shed, on the Waterford plantation, and 
came &om Harvard, Mass. He was a soldier in the revolu- 
tionary war, and was in the battle of Bunker Hill, and Amos 
I^pton was likewise in that memorable battle ; they were both 
pensioners, and also Lemuel Shed, Darius Holt, Jonas Ste^ 
vcns, Samuel Ames, Daniel Knight, Stephen Curtis, Joseph 
Gammon, James Packard, Joel Stevens, John Needham, and 
Jacob Frost. 

Mr. Ames moved into Rustfield the year before the mills 
were built, and commenced on a piece of land where Ephraim 
Briggs jiow lives, and raised corn one year on that place ; lie 
afterwards sold out to a Moses Twitchell, ond^ailerwards lived 
near the mill which he tended. When ho moved in from 
Paris, as his oldest daughter says, he hod three children, and 
I the way he conveyed his family would look rather picturesque 
at the present day. He procured a steady horse, and put a 
sack, like a pair of panniers, across the saddle ; he then put 
the two youngest, one in each end, with the oldest on the 
horse's back, holding it on in the rough places, and led the 
horse himself; his wife traveled on foot, carrying some neces- 
sary articles in her hands ; and thus they ascended what ik 
how called Pike's hill to their new habitation. JMr. Ameik 
built the first house in Norway Village — ^a iframo ihouse^ 
dghteen feet by thirty-six ; some twenty-five years ago .the 
Ihonse was moved up about one mile. north of the Village, ^and 
is now occupied by Elijah Jordan. 'Thb next house built in 
the Village was near the site of LeVi Whitman's hous6, &ni4 
built by William Gardner, who afterwards commenced on thd 

JLeib Gxmt above Nathaniel Bennett's. In 1790 Daniel 

-2 



18 HISTORY OF NORWAT. 

Knight moved from Paris, and went into the house with Wil- 
liam Gardner, and lived with him a short time ; he thcu 
returned to Paris, remained one winter, and then eame back 
again, and commenced on the place now owned by Alanson 
M. Dunham, where he lived about four years ; then he sold 
out his betterments to Jeremiah Witham, from New Glouces- 
ter, and began on land on the southerly end of North pond. 
Isaac Cummings soon bought out Mr. Gardner, and moved on 
the same lot, and afterwards sold his betterments to Josiah 
Bartlett, about 1802. The farm has had many different 
owners, and is now owned by Joshua Biohardson, Esq., of 
Portland. 

Jonathan Cummings, the proprietor of Cummings Grore, in 
order to forward a beginning for a farm for his son, Amos 
Cummings, hired a few acres of trees felled on the thinl tier 
of lots on said Gore, (the same now owned by Thomas Mel- 
zeard,) and hired Daniel Knight and Isaac Cummings to fall 
the first trees that were cut down on that farm ; and he paid 
to each of them a new axe and a cow-bell, (he was a black- 
smith, and made such things himself,) both articles being very 
necessary to the new settlers — ^the axe to cut down the forest, 
and the bell to put on the old cow so. that the boys could find 
her in the woods, as. they had no pastures until tliey got them 
cleared and fenced. Mr. Kpight is stiU living, aged 02. 

In 179Q Anthojiy Bennett and Nathaniel Bennett, twin 
brothers, came from New Gloucester, and felled trees on tlie 
lots where they afterwaixk continued to live — Anthony till 
the time of his death, and Nathaniel i& still living on his fii*st 
premises. This year, or the year bofoi*e, Joshua Smith camo 
into Bustfield, from New Gloucester, and commenced on the 
place now owned by Jacob Bradbury, and formerly by his 
father, Joseph Bradbury, who purchased of Smith. The 
year after Mr. Smith felled his first trees, he brought about 
one bushel of the seed-ends and eyes of potatoes from New 
Gloucester on his back> and planted them on burnt gvoundi 



niSTORY OF NORWAY. 19 

and i*aiscd fifty bushels of potatoes from the same. I bclievo 
the account, having heard it from his own mouth. 

Anthony Bennett moved his family into Bustfield in 1791, 
and Nathaniel in 1793. About this time Elisha Gummings 
purchased the lot east of Benjamin Witt's £urm, and began 
on it, and about five years after sold the east half of the 
same to John Bird, who commenced making a farm, and con- 
tinues to live on it at this time. Zebedee Perry came in this 
year from' Paris, and commenced on the lot south of Nathan 
Noble's lot When he moved from Paris he had one child, 
John Perry, who lives on the old homestead farm, but has 
crecited buildings on a different part of the lot. 

This year was made memorable to the settlers on account 
of the first death in the place. This was a female child of 
Nathaniel Stevens, aged about five years. During this year, 
also, another very sudden death occurred. Mr. Daniel Gary 
had commenced on the Lee Grant, near wher^ Alanson M. 
Dunham now lives, or where Jacob Tubbs afterwards pur- 
clioscd. Uo had been at work for Gapt Rust, and was re- 
turning home in the evening, and arriving at the outlet of 
the pond, near where the Grockctt bridge now stands, expected 
to find a boat on the south side of the stream ; but some per- 
son crossed over the stream during tlie day, and had left the 
boat on the other side, and he feeling anxious to i*each home, 
attempted to swim over, and when more 'than half across, 
sank and drowned, unknown to any person. The next day 
Jonas Stevens went down the pond in his boat to mill, and 
picked up a hat on the water near the outlet of the pond, and 
taking it down to the mill, the hat was shown to Mr. Ames, 
who at once know it to be Gary's hat. Mr. Ames with some 
others immediately returned with Mr. Stevens, and soon 
found the body, which was brought down to the mill, and 
thence to Gapt. Bust's house on the hill^ (then occupied in 
part by Benjamin Witt) and in due time was properly in- 
terred. 



20 HISTOKY »0F NOitWAT. 

Benjamin Witt after living awhile at, or near the mills, 
pui*chased ihe lot on which Joseph Small aftcrwaixls lived, 
and erected ihe bam now standing on the farm ; and after 
living there a few years, purchased a lot east of Nathaniel 
Bennett's lot, and commenced a &rm where he afterwards 
lived and died ; and his son Benjamin Witt still lives on the 
same farm. 

This year Peter Buck, who had a short time before come 
from Worcester, Mass., to Paris, moved into Rustfield, about 
half a mile north of the mill ; and he was the first shoe- 
maker in the place. The same farm, or the southerly half 
of the same, is now<occupied by his son, Austin Buck. James 
Kettle was the first trader that ever kept goods for sale, as a 
fitore-keeper, in the place, and kept his goods in Samuel 
Ames' house — ^that is, in one room ^f the same. He was 
^called a very honest, fair trader, which is a pretty good enco- 
mium on his character ^as a man. And while speaking of 
ti*aders, I will continue the subject through the infantile years 
of the settlement. William Reed was the next trader, (wo 
^d not have merchants in those days) and commenced trade 
in a little house, formerly called the saw-mill house, which 
stood about south of, or opposite the saw-mill, and near whero 
Cowen's cabin once stood. He traded here a few years, and 
probably commenced, about 1792. After some years he built 
a two-story store, where he traded for many years. William 
Hobbs, ;the second son of Jeremiah Hobbs, was the third 
trader in the town. He commenced near his father's farm, a 
little east of the Congregational meeting-house, where he 
.continued to .trade occasionally till his death, which occurred 
in Feb., 1848. Bailey Bodwell, who came from Methuen, 
Mobs., buUt the first two-story house in what is now Norway 
Village, viz., the house lately occupied by Ichabod Bartlett, 
Esq. ; and also put up the first clothier's works in the place 
•on the privilege now occupied by H. G. Cole as a clothier's 
•and carding establisliment. He ixlso built the first saw-xnill 



HISTOM OF NORWAY. 21 

at the Steep Falls, and the first clothier's works at that place* 
The irst tannery set up in; this place was the Rust tan-yard^ 
and was put in operation by William Reed, under Capt. Rustr 
Jacob Frost, Jr., afterwards superintended the yard, and a 
few years later Joseph Shackley succeeded him, and lived in 
the tan-yard house for many years. The house now owned 
by John Deering was the. third two-story house erected in the- 
Village, about 1803, and mov^ into by John Ordway, the 
builder, in 1804. There was a two-story house built about 
the same time where Esquire Whitney's house now stands, 
known as the Smith house, it I)eing built by one Samuel 
Smith, but was many ycai-s after pulled down by Ibcreafio 
Robinson-, who built the house now occupied by William C* 
Whitney, Esq. The next two-story house, in the oi-der of 
building, was Luther Farrar's, Esq. — ^now occupied by Levi 
Whitman, Esq.-— built in 1806. Capt. Henry Rust, Jr., 
built a large two-story house about the same time ; also Levi 
Bartlett built the two-story house in which he afterwards- 
lived till his death, wliich took place in the summev of 1818 ; 
his two youngest children also died in a few days aftier. Li^ 
1807, William Beed built die two-story house now occupied 
by E. F. Seal. A part of the Elm House was built for a 
store by Joshua Smith, in 1806, and afterwards an addition 
was made to it in order to make a dwelling house and store 
m the same building. I have rather run along a little ante- 
cedent to the time, in regard to the erection of some particu* 
lar buildings in the Village, in order that people may under- 
stand the progress of things in their early stages. 

Job Eastman came fi^m the Pigwacket region, either from 
Fryeburg, or vicinity, about 1792, in the spring.; and moved 
in with Jonatbon Gummings^ Jr., the son of the proprietor of 
CummingB Gore, and lived in. liis- house for several years. Ho 
afterwards commenced on the lot on which Peter Everett first 
commenced, though not in the same place. Job Eastman was 
a brother to Jonathan Cummings' wife, the proprietor of the 



2i2 inS!rORT OF NORWAY. 

Cummings Gore ; and in consideration of his services in tlio 
Gummings affairs, he had the promise of a lot of land ; but he 
never having any oliildren, when his deed was given, it was 
only during the hfe of himself and his wife ; and although he 
had no children to inherit the fruit of his labor, he still thought 
the thing was not exactly right, and others, who knew the 
chx^umstances, thought just so. Job Eastman taught the first 
man's school in the place, in 1798, in Jonathan Cummings' 
house. Abigail Symonds, a sister to Lemuel Shed's wife, kept 
the next woman's school, after Mrs. Everett, and kept it in 
Cummings' bam^ Thus it seems that our first teachers had 
rather humble places in which '* to teach the young idea hoW 
to shoot." 

About the lost of June, 1792, Benjamin Flint came from 
Beading, Mass., and purchased a lot on the Waterford plantar 
tion, (since known as the Peter Town farm, and now o^vncd by 
Ansel Town, and the west part of the same lot recently owned 
by James Smith,) and felled trees on the same. The next 
spring he came down to work on his lot, and on the 18th of 
June, 1793, exchanged lots with Jonathan Stickney, who had 
five or six years before commenced on a lot near Lemuel Shed. 
Jonathan Ilolman had begun on the lot east of the Peter Town 
form previous to Flint's purchase ; he lived there a few years, 
and then sold to Asa Lovejoy, and soon went to Canada. 

The first marriage in the place was Nathan Foster and Mir-' 
iam Hobbs, the second daughter of Jeremiah Hobbs, which 
took place the 17th of May, 1791 ; the couple were united by 
Nathan Merrill, of Gray, a Baptist preacher. The next mar- 
riage in the place was probably Benjamin Witt and Betsey 
Parsons, a sister to William and John Parsons. The next 
marriage was between Joel Stevens and Olive Hobbs, the old- 
est daughter of Jeremiah Hobbs. This marriage was on the 
16th day of June, 1794, and in July following Benjamin 
Flint was married to Elizabeth Foster, a sister to Nathan Fos^ 
ter. These two last marriages were solemnized also by Nathan 



HISTORY OP NORWAY. 28 

Merrill, and tli^ parties were published in Gray ; and afterwards 
some publishments were posted up in the grist-mill as the most 
public and conspicuous place in the plantation. Leiauel Shed 
was married in Bridgton, by the Bey. Mr. Church, about 1791, 
and Jolm Parsons was maiTicd to hi^ second wife about the 
6aino time, but wos probably mai-ricd iu New Gloucester. 

Joel Stevens moved into Kustfield in the spring of 1798> 
tod had buried his first wife, by whom ho had two children, a 
few years before, and had his second wife when he moved in^ 
by whom he also had two children. He buried his second 
wife in the following October, 'and in the next June married his 
third wife, Olive Hobbs, by whom he had fifteen more childrenv 
He died in April, 1850, at the advanced age of 94 years, and 
l»is widow is still Uving in this town. 

In June, 1T93, Benjamin Fuller and Silas Meriam came 
doAvn from Middleton, Mass., and purchased land on Cumming's 
Gore, north of what has since been called Fuller's Comer, and 
felled trees tlicmselves, and hired a considbrablo of an opening 
felled, and had it bui*nt over the ensuing August They came 
down again in the fall, cleared a part of their burnt piece, and 
sowed winter rye, and then returned again to Middelton. When 
they came down in the fall, Mr. Fuller drove a yoke of oxen 
and a horse, with a common ox cart, and moved Asa Casd 
and &mily, consisting of his wife, two daughters, and Bebekah 
Curtis, an adopted daughter, with their household stuff— such 
as they could bring. To be sure, such a conveyance was not 
quite as comfortable as the cars would be at the present day, 
but it did pretty well for that time. Mr. Case went to work 
xm the lot adjoining Benjamin Flint's on the north, on the Wa^^ 
terford plantation. Fuller agreed with Amos Upton, (who 
was a kind of carpenter, and also partly a blacksmith) to erect 
a house and barn for him, early in the spring and sununer of 
1794, with the intention of moving his family to his new home. 

Early in the spring of 1794, Silas Meriam and Aaron Wil- 
Uns, (who was a young man living with Mr. Fuller) and Jo« 



24 HISTORY OF NoaiwAr. 

seph Dale, a young man hired by Fuller and Meriam for tho 
season, started from Middleten and went to Salen, with their 
tools and baggage. They took poaaage aboard a wood-sloop, 
and arrived in Portland after a stormy, bad voyage ; and then 
from Portland traveled on foot to Gummings- Grant, with their 
packs on .their backs, where they arrived about the 10th ef 
April. They tarried one sight in Portland, and staid on board 
the sloop. During the night there waa a considerable fall of 
snow ; and when tlicy aciived at tlieir future residonoo they 
found a foot or two of snow, and the few settlerB^ engaged in 
making maple dugar. Li a few days, however, the snow dis- 
appeared, and they commenced iheir clearing ; sowed giain, 
and planted com^ potatoes, beans, &c. 

In Juno Mr. Fuller moved liis family down. Ho came with 
an ox-wagon, oneyoko of oxen, and two horses; and having 
arrived at what is now Norway Village, ho wont up to hi»uew 
home, and Aaron Wilkins went down with another yoke of* 
oxen and helped drive the team around the pond, up to their 
new habitation. This was probably the first wagon that ever 
came into the town above the Village, and Mr. Wilkins says it 
was with much difSculty that they got through to Fuller's* 
bouse. At that time there had not beea any road located in; 
the place ; but the settlers had, from necessity, cleared out tho 
trees, so as to be able to get from one to another, and that was- 
about all that had been done in regard to any road. 
. I said that Mr. Fuller moved his-fiunily to his house ; but 
Mr. Upton had not yet erected the house as Fuller expected ; 
therefoie he wcoft ihtO' Mr. Upton's house, and there remained, 
till late in tho M. After Fuller's arrival, Mr. Upton com- 
menced in good earnest about the buildings. They w^nt into* 
the woods and cut timber, and erected! a bam ih season to^putr 
in his grain, and a house as fast as they could. FuSiea: pro- 
cured boards at Rust's milT^ and rafted them up to the head of 
the pond, and then hauled them up to where tliey were to be* 
used. Tho barn was thirty-two feet by fi%, and the house 



HISTORY OF NOBWAY. 25 

twenty feet by tliirty-etglit, and a story onil a half liigb—- die 
largest estabBshment in the Gummingg Gore; they got the 
house so as to move into it, in November. Mr. Fuller, proba- 
bly, was in the best pecuniary circumstances of any new set- 
tler who had moved into the place ; and he wa& a very ener- 
getic, working kind of a man, and remained so till old ago 
disabled him from labor. He made three very good farms, and 
ei*ected three sets of good buildings for that day, and probably 
paid as large an amount of tax as almost any farmer in the 
town ; he was addicted to no particularly bad habits, but still, 
from the mutability of this world's affiiirs, he died on our poor 
Cum in 1850. He probably rests as quietly in his grave m 
though he had died possessed of milUons ; and could with pix>- 
priety adopt the words of Watts : — 

** Princes,, this clay most be your bed. 

In spite of all your towers ; 
The li»II, the wise, the reverend head 

Must lie as low as ours." 

Joseph Dale, who came down to work iTor Fuller and Mer* 
lam, in a year or two bouhgt a lialf lot easterly of where Ben- 
jamin Flint first began, viz., the east half of lot No. 14, in the 
5th Range on the Waterford plantation, and soon after manned 
Fhebe Martin, of Andover, Mass., and moved on to his land. 
John Pike, a brother to Dudley Pike, came into Rustfield either 
in 1794, or the year previous, and commenced on the lot east 
of Dudley Pike's ; he lived tliero for more than forty years, 
and then moved to Oxford, where he afterwards died. He was 
a very large, athletic man, of stentorian voice, and was often 
employed as master-carter, or superintendent in moving build*- 
ings, and the way he would sing out to tlie men was not in a 
very low tone. It was often the case that the new settlers did 
not get their first bam on the spot that suited them after they 
Iiad made considerable progi*ess in clearing up their farms* 
Hence the repeated calls for moving their first barns and other 
buildings. 



26 HISTORY 0^ NORWAYi 

Benjamin Il6wo began on tho lot south of Joel StevOns' lot) 
as early as 1794, and occupied it a few years, and ytos suc« 
ceedcd by Eliplialot Watson and bis son Ebonezcr Watson ; 
they lived there a few years, and then sold out to Jeremiah 
Hobbs, the oldest Hon of Amos Hobbs. Ebenezer Jenkins, 
who maihied a sister to the Pikes, came into Bustfield about 
this tikne, or a little aft(^r, and commenced a little south of where 
Nathaniel Millett now lives ; and Jonathan Woodman likewise 
commenced where Jacob Parsons now lives, soon after the samo 
period ; and probably some others in different parts of the town, 
of wliich the writer has not been able to ascertain the particulars. 

In 1794 the first school-house in the place was built, on 
Amos Hobbs' land, on the road leading from the centre of 
Norway by William Parsons'. Job Eastman taught tho first 
school in that house, and Abigail Symonds kept tho first wo^ 
man's school in t)io sambv 

This year John Henley came from Massachusetts, and com« 
menced on the lot south of Amos Upton's, in the Cumminga 
Gore,, ^nd built a small frame house on the west side of the 
road. Henley was rather ti large-sized man, and very moder- 
ate in his movements ; but tlicro were few men who could com- 
pete with him in using an axe. He and Darius Holt, soon 
after he came into tho place, together felled twelve acres of 
trees of heavy growth in one week, for Mr. Fuller, and, as 
they have told the writer, finished the piece by the middle 
of the afternoon on Saturday. Mr. Holt says he felled ten 
acres for Jonathan Cummings, alone, in nine and a half days. 
About this time John Millett and Solomon Millett began on 
their respective lots, which are situated southerly of William 
Parsons' lot. They had previously worked for William Parsons 
for a considerable space of time, and were brothers to Parsons' 
wife. Their brother, Nathaniel Millett, being younger, did not 
^me into Rustfield quite so early as his brothers, but in a very 
few yeara after, and located hiinsclf whci*o ho now resides* 

While writing concerning thd Parsons and Millett £unilieS| 



HISTORY OF NORWAti 27 

it brings to Inind the number of smart, healthy cliildren be^ 
longing to them in former times. The writer taught the 
school in that school district in the winter of 1809-10, and had 
thirty-five scholai-s who bore the name of Millett or Parsons. 
l?ho noted cold Friday occurred in Februi-y, while in this 
school ; and the severe cold prevented mort3 than half of the 
usual number from getting to thd school-housd, and more than 
half who did get there were more or less froisen, and some of 
them badly. And wliile writing of these families, I can not 
withhold the tribute of gratitude which I ot>'0 to old Dcacoil 
Parsons and wife. Slit) was a motlicr, not only to her own 
children, but to all around her. My health at that time was 
very feeble, and Mrs. Parsons nursed me with a mother's care* 
During the last toontli, the old Deacon used to harness his old 
mare and caiiry Yne to school, and at night would contrive to 
get me home again. He provided the fuel for the school, and 
would go in the afternoon to cut and split wood ; when cold 
he would enter the school-houso to get warm and smoke his 
pipe, and at night carry the master and his girls home. Blessed 
days were those. Ho was, in my humble opinion, a sincere^ 
p!rtictic4il christian. He never fiiiled to offer up the morning 
and evening prayer, and to read a portion of the Holy Bible* 
His family government was firm, but very mild ; and perhaps 
no family at that day conducted with more propriety and sobti* 
ety than his. In the summer and fall of 1807 the wiutei' 
worked, probably six months or more, on his new house, and 
had an excellent opportunity to know his finn, but mild gov-J« 
emment. I must relate one little anecdote in regard to hia 
management of his boys — ^and he had a lot of them. One day 
Joshua and Solomon, boys about ten and twelve years of age^ 
happened about the house, and were rather full of noisy playj ' 
like other boys of that age ; Mrs-. Parsons getting rather ofut 
of patience with the boys, and the Deacon happening to cOmJb 
in at the time, she said to him, '^ Mr. Parsons, Joshua and 
Solomon want a good whipping ns much as ever two boys did.'' 



28 HISTORY OP NORWAY. 

The Deacon listened to her with attention, and. then called out, 
"Josh." The boy responded, "Sir 7" "Come here." 
The bo J promptly came forward. " Your mother says you 
want to be whipped — do you 7" "No sir." "Well, then, 
go about your work." He then called out, "Sol." "Sir 7" 
" Come here." He immediately came fonYard. "Your mother 
says you want to be whipped — do you7 " "No sir." "Then, 
go along to your work." And then turning to his wife, said, 
** Wliy, mother, the boys say thoy don't wiuit to bo whipped, 
and I guess they 41 do well enough without it" The boys* 
knew better than to take, any advantage of their father's len- 
ity. But there ! I have run off the tnick a little to &r, L 
confess ; but I will try to keep on better for the future. 

Jacob Tubbs came into the place in 1796, and commenced 
on tlie Lee Grant ; although that grant was not lotted out till 
about 1810 — it being a condition in the original grant tliat the 
traet should be exempt' from taxation till a£ter a certain lapse' 
of time ; therefore it was not put in the market for sale while 
it was not liable to taxation. For this reason, that part of the^ 
town was not settled till long after the other parts had made^- 
considerable progress in settlements. Mr. Tubbs, however^ 
had the good fortune to piirchase two hundred acres-, selected 
tp liis own mind, and he made an excellent choice. The other 
few settlers on the Lee Grant wore what were termed squat- 
ters, and occupied without any title. 
, Isaac Cobb and Asa Dunham came into Rustfield in 1795:. 
Dunham purchased the lot where Rufus Bartlett afterwardd< 
lived till his death ; and Cobb moved into Dunham's house, 
and lived ,with him till the next spring, when he moved ia 
with Zebedee Perry ; he soon after purchased the lot south, 
of Perry's,, on which he built a small house, where he lived 
about four years, and sold out to Daniel Hobbs, the oldest 
son of Jeremiah Hobbs ; he then purchased where he after- 
wards lived till his death^ which took place in May, 1825» 
Levi Bartlett came to Rustfield about this time, and set up 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 29 

Uic blacksmith business ; he built a large shop, irith a trip- 
hammer, and carried on the business, on a large scale for 
those days, till his death in August, 1818. William Work 
was married to Betsey Stevens, the oldest daughter of Jonas 
Stevens, in 1795. In 1796, Benjamin Flint built his bam, 
which was the first barn erected westerly of Fuller's Comer, 
lie had used a log liovel previous to that time, as also did the 
other settlers ; the most of the houses were also built of logs, 
and the roofs covered with spmce bark, fi&stened on with long 
spmices laid across it, and confined with withes. When Ben- 
jamin Flint moved his wife home, two years before building 
his bam, he borrowed a cart of Mr. Fuller to carry a few 
household goods from Nathan Foster's, and he says that was 
the first cart ever driven west of Fuller's Comer, and much 
difficulty was experienced in getting it back again. 

In 1794, there was a State tax laid on Bustfield, and the 
following is a copy of the assessment, as made by tlie assess-* 
ors, verbatim et literatim ; .and this tax will show who were 
ilie inhabitants of Eustficld at that eai*ly poi'iod : 

THE COPPY OP AN BXECUTIOK* 

£ 8. d. 
Tax, - 6 11 8 

Travel, - 
Coppy, • 
Scrv., 



1 


8 


4 





2 








1 


4 


1 


11 


8 



Sum total, 7 8 4 

Rtistjieldj November th 7, 1794. 

Assessed the sum of seven pounds, three shillings and four 

pence upon the polls and estates, to be collected by the 5 day 

of December next. 

BENJAMIN WITT, ) 
NATHAN NOBLE, ) Assessors. 
WILLIAM PABSONS, ) 



80 



HISTORY OP NORWAY. 



Henrv Rast, 
Joel Slovens, 
Joseph Stevens, 
John Pike, 
Samuel Ames, 
Jonas Stevens, 
William Stevens, 
Samuel Perkins, 
Amos Hobbs, 
Nathaniel Bennett, 
Anthony Dennett, 
George Lessley, 
Benjamin Howe, 
Asa Dunham, 
Benjamin Witt, 
Peter Buck, 
Thomas Cowen, 
Zebedee Perry, 
John Cushman, 
Nathan Nohle, 
Benjamin Herring, 
Ebenezer Whitmarsh, 
Joshua Smith, 
John Parsons, 
James Stinchfield, 
David Gotham, 
John Millett, 
Solomon Millett, 
Nathaniel Millett, 
Benjamin Stinchdeld, 
William Nash, 
Moses Twitchell, 
William Parsons, 
Dudley Pike, 
Daniel Trickky, 



PoUt. 



lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
.lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
lOj 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 



lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
]0d 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 
lOd 







RoalEitate. | 


PanonalEft. 


Sum Total. 


£ 


s. 


d. 


qrs 


£ 


8. 


d. 


qrs 


£ 


s. 


d. 


qrs 





10 





2 





1 


9 


3 


1 


1 





1 





3 











1 


a 


3 





5 


G 


3 





3 


9 








2 


3 











10 








2 


10 








1 


U 


1 





5 


5 


1 





3 





2 








6 


2 





5 


1 


a 





1 


8 


1 








11 


3 





3 


6 











8 


1 








7 


1 





2 


1 


1 





1 


9 


3 








3 


1 





2 


11 








1 


3 


3 





1 





1 





3 


2 








1 


7 


2 








5 


1 





2 


11 








1 


7 


2 








5 


1 





2 


11 








3 


9 


2 





1 


4 


2 





5 


6 











U 


3 

















2 


4 


3 








7 


3 








3 


1 





1 


9 








3 


5 


1 








8 


3 





5 














7 


3 








6 


2 





2 


1 











G 


2 








2 


2 





1 


7 











8 











5 


2 





1 


11 


2 








7 




















1 


5 








1 


10 


2 





2 


1 


3 





5 


G 


1 





3 


7 








3 


5 


1 





G 


10 


1 








U 














3 





2 


G 


3 





1 


8 











8 


I 





3 


2 


1 





4 


3 


2 





2 


4 


3 





7 


6 


1 





9 


7 


3 

















2 


7 


a 





1 


5 


3 








9 


2 





3 


1 


1 





2 


3 


2 





1 


9. 


1 





4 


10 


3 








8 


1 

















1 


G 


1 








5 


2 

















1 


3 


2 








7 


2 








4 








1 


9 


2 











3 








4 








1 


11 


3 








7 


1 








6 


3 





2 











4 





1 





3 


11 


2 








8 


a 





S 


10 








1 





1 





5 


5 


1 









11 





























11 








7 


4 





1 



It appears that the Lee Grant was not liable to taxation 
until 1807, and I have not been able to ascertain whether 
Gummings Gore paid any tax at this time or not, but it is 
probable that the few inhabitants did pay in some shape or 
other. It thus appears that in Rustfleld there were thirty- 
two taxable polls, and three other persons taxed for property; 
but as yet we have no account of any highway tax, except 
what was done voluntarily. In 1796 the first road in the 
place was laid out by a Court's Committee from Cumberland 



mSTOllY OP NORWAY. 81 

County, to which we then belonged. The road in question 
commenced at the north line of the town, and ran about 
south, twentjr-five deg. east, over Gummings hill, thenco 
southeasterly to Jeremiah Hobbs' lot, thence southerly by 
Esquire Eastman's and Deacon William Parsons', around 
Horse hill, and over the Graigie hill to Graigie's mills in He- 
bron- — ^now Oxford. Horse hill received its name from the 
following circumstance : In June, 178T, when Deacon Wil- 
liam Parsons, his brother, John Parsons, and Benjamin 
Herring, came into the place to fall trees, they h^ two 
horses to bring their provisions ; and thqre being no pasture, 
they turned the animals out in the wood@. Ope night they 
were alarmed by a bear, or some other wild beast, and ran 
off in a fright ; they could not be fouixd while the men re^ 
mained at their work. ^ Late in the fall they were discovered 
on tliis hill in a very poor condition. Hence the name of 
Horse hill. This was the way that the first settlers wended 
their way to Portland with their surplus produce. They 
generally went with their ox-teams, in Uie winter, through 
deep snows and poor roads, and often returned home them- 
selves to lodge the first night. 

Previous to thia time there was but one horse in the Gum- 
mings Gore, aftd that an old white-faced mare, own^d by 
Amos Upton ; and she was used by all the neighbors to go to 
mill. Th^y used to lash the bags on to the saddle, a huge, 
coarse thing inade for that purpose, and let the old mare plod 
her way along the little pathway. Aaron Wilkins says (and 
he knew all about it) she would crook around the trees and 
rocks very carefully, so as to avoid hitting the bags against 
them. Before they had any other practicable conveyance to 
Portland, Francis Upton, the oldest son of Amos Upton, 
went to Portland with the old maro, and carried a small hog 
to market, having it laid across the pack saddle, and st]*ongly 
hushed on with cords ; he went on foot himself, leading or 
driving the old mare, and only reached Dudley Pike's thoi 



82 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

first day, and put up there ihsd night. In 1790, Dudlej 
Piko obtained one .ox, and Jolm Parsons one other. They 
put tliem together, and worked them alternately, helping 
tlieir neighbors with them when .they could. The next year 
iliey purchased two more, and tibien had each of them a yoke. 
That was the way they did up things in those early days. 

Joshua Crockett, formerly of Gorham, moved to Hebron, 
on the Craigie hill, and lived a few years, and in 1796 
moved into Bustfield. He livod awhile in the Rust house on 
tlie hill, and then went upon the Crockett farm, where he 
lived till his death. Samuel Perkins had, sometime before 
this, begun on.a lot between Crockett's and Anthony Ben- 
nett's ; in a few years Crockett and Bennett bought Perkins 
out, and divided the lot between them. Silas Barker had^ 
previous to this time, commenced on lot No. 14 in the 13th 
Bange of the iWaterford plantation ; he did something on the 
land, and soon .«old out ix> John Upton, a cousin to Amoa 
Upton ; after a few years Upton sold out to a Mr. Pingree. 
This year, Joel Frost, bom in Tewksbury, Mass., came into 
the iWaterford plantation, in June ; he felled trees immedi- 
ately, and commenced for a farm where he and his second 
;son, William JTrost, now live. His lot lies east of where 
Darius Holt then lived, and was lot No. 15 in the 9th Bango 
^of ihe Waterford plantation. 

About this time the subject of having the town incorpor- 
ated was called up, and, as is almost .always the i^afle, there 
"were different opinions. They had a plantation .meeting in 
the Waterford plantation, to see if .they would jconsent to 
have the three tiers of lots set off to help make aip the town 
oF:^Norway, and after much discussion, on the question, it wad 
decided in the affirmative. The same year the inhabitlELnts of 
Bustfield and Cummings Gore, and a few squatters vOn the 
Lee^ Grant, also had a similar meeting, to consult .on .the ex-* 
pediency of an incorporation; and finally«determined,infiivor 
i)f . the measure. This primary jneeting was held in .Samuel 



lUSTORY OF NORWAY. 



88 



Ames^ house, near the mills ; and measures were accordingly 
taken to bring about the thing in its proper time. The meet- 
ing took place Sept. 29th, 1796. 

In order to show who were in Rustfield previous to the in- 
corporation of the town, I shall have recourse to a tax bill 
committed to Joseph Stevens as Collector for the year 1796, 
for a State tax, which amounted to thirty-eight dollars and 
foui'teen cents. A poll tax in this bill was twenty-eight 
cents ; and the highest tax en real estate was eighty-£Dur 
cents to William Parsons, and the lowest waa one cent to 
John Gushmon. The highest .tax on personal estate was 
fifty-four cents to Benjamin Herring, and the lowest was 
notliing to Thomas Gowen, and one cent to Levi Bartlott 
There were a few who were taxed for a poll only. A plant- 
ation tax was assessed the same year, and for about the same 
sum ; although the poll tax was only twenty-five cents, yet 
the tax on Jthe several estates was .the same as the State tax. 

The following are the names of the peraone tazed| with the enm total of their 
reapeotlve taxee: 



William Parsons, 


$1,83 


Nathaniel Millett, 


$ ,&i 


John Parsons, 


1,55 


David Gorham, 


,•^7 


Dudley Pike, 


1,50 


Ebenezer Whitmorsh, 


,05 


Thomas Cowen, 


,32 


William Nash, 


,48 


Samnel Ames^ grist-mill. 


1,50 


Benjamin Stincbfield, 


,41 


John Pike, 


1,20 


Joshua Smith, 


,00 


John Millett, 


1,20 


Anthony Bennett, 


1,71 


Solomon Millett, 


,60 


Peter Buck, 


,68 


Moses Twitrh^U, 


,61 


Thomas Hill, 


,30 


John Gush man, 


.20 


Elisha Cummings, 


,30 


Joshua Crockett and Mr.Slusl, 1,58 


Samuel Perkins, 


,53 


Nathan Noble, 


1,14 


Reuben Hubbard, 


,67 


Amos Uobbs, 


,06 


lames Stinehfield, 


,62 


John Eaton, saw-mill. 


1,15 


Levi Bartlett, 


,70 


Benjamin Herring, 


1,53 


Samuel Pearse, 


,33 


Benjamin Howe, 


,64 


Isaac Cobb, 


,33 


Joseph Stevens, 


1,58 


Henry Rust, 


,84 


Joel Stevens, 


1,18 


Zekiel Roberson, 


,38 


Jonas Stevens, 


,88 


Piphraliam Briggs, 


.40 


M^'illiam Stevens, 


,59 


Gimion Shcrtleef, ' 


.28 


Benjamin Witt, 


.04 


David Woodman, 


,28 


Goorffc Lessley, 
Asa Dunham, 


1,06 


Jonathan Woodman, 


,28 


,41 


Joseph Eveleth, 


,28 


2ebedee Pervjr, 


,55 


Thomas Furlong, 


.28 


Whfle sum thirty-eight do 


illars fourteen cents. 


$38,14 



34 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

The following settlers were on the Cummings land previous 
to the incorporation of the town, viz : — Jeremiah IlobbH, 
Nathaniel Stevens, Job Eastman, Jonathan Cummings, Na- 
than Foster, John Ilenlcy, Amos Upton, Benjamhi Fuller, 
Silas Meriam, Francis Upton, the son of Amos Upton, who- 
had now become of age, and Aaron Wilkins, about, or quite 
of age. On the Waterford three tiera were Joseph Dale, 
Jonathan Stickney, Joel Frost, Darius Holt, Lemuel Shed, 
Phinchas Whitney, Jabcz Chubb, Benjamin Flint, Asa Ca*3Cy 
and Silas Barker. On the Lee Grant were Daniel Knight, 
William Gardner, Isaac Cummings, Joshua Pool, William 
Dunlap, and Jacob Tubbs. Perhaps there might possibly 
have been a few more settlers within the limits of the several 
tracts of land which afterwards made up the town of Norway. 

It appears from an old order, on Jo&eph Stevens, as a Col- 
lector, that Joshua Smith and Levi Bartlett were assessor 
of Rustfield at some period previous to the incorporatioi) of 
the town. 



ACT OF INCORPORATION. 
An Act to incorporate several tracts, or grants, of land situ- 
, ate in the County of Cumberland, into a town by the namo- 

of Norway : 

Sbct. l.-^Be it enacted, by the Senate and House of Rep- 
resentative, in General Court assembled, and by the author- 
ity of the same. That one tract, or grant, of land, known by 
the name of Rustfield ; another by Lee's Grant ; a third by 
Cummings' Grant; 'together with the three tiera of lots, 
which formed a part of the plantation of Waterford, lying 
next to, and adjoining the easterly side of said plantation — 
the outlines of the said town of Norway being as follows, 
viz: — ^Beginning at a certain birch- tree, standing on the 
westerly side line of Paris, and on lot number thirteen, well 
marked, thence running northerly, one thousand one hundred 
and sixty rods, by said Paris line, to a spruce tree, marked ^ 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 36 

ihcncc south, sovcnty-six degrees west, one thousand and four 
rods, to a cedar tree, standmg on the easterly side line of 
Cummings' Grant ; thence north, twenty-five degrees west, 
fifty-five rods, to the northeasterly corner of said Cummings' 
Grant; thence soutli, sixty-five degi'ees west, four hundred 
mul eighty rods, to tho easterly side line of said plantation, 
(of Waterford ;) thence north, twenty-five degrees west, on 
said easterly line of said plantation, about three hundred and 
thirty rods, tq the northccosterly corner of the plantation 
aforesaid ; thence south, sixty-five degrees west, on the north- 
erly side lino of said })lantation, crossing three tiers of lots 
to the dividing line between the third and fourth tiers of lots, 
frtm the aforesaid easterly side line of said plantation ; thence 
South, twenty-five degrees east, on said dividing line, by the 
town of Waterford, as incorporated, to the soutlierly side lino 
of said plantation ; thence north, sixty-five degrees east, on 
sai^l southerly side line of said plantation, crossing the ends 
of tlie aforcflaid three tiers of lots, about t]n*ce hundred and 
tliirty rods to tho southcjisterly corner of said plantation ; 
(the hist-named disttuice ought to bo four hundred and eighty 
rods;) thence south, twenty-five degrees east, by Phillips' 
Gore (so called) six hundred and twenty-four rods, to He- 
bron line ; thence north, fifty-four degrees east, by Hebron 
line, about one thousand and seventy-four rods, to a tree 
standing on the westerly side line of Paris, marked ; tlicnco 
northerly by said Paris about nine hundred and seventy rods 
to the first bound ; together with the inhabitants thereon, be, 
and hereby are incorporated into a town by the name of Nor- 
way ; and the said town of Norway is hereby invested with 
all the powers, privileges and immunities which other towns 
in this Commonwealth do, or may enjoy. Provided, never- 
theless, that Waterford, as incorporated, exclusive of the 
before-mentioned three eastern tiers of lots, are and shall be 
entitled to four-fifths of all public lots lying within the afore- 
said three tiers of lots. Provided, also, that no taxes of any 



S6 msTCKS OF :kobway. 

kind be kid «on aiay part -of the land • contained within the 
bounds of Lee's Grant until the expiration of ten years from 
tlie passing of this act. 

Sect. 2. — Be it further enacted, hj the authority afore* 
said, that Enoch Perley, Esq., be, and he is hereby empow- 
^ed to issue his warrant, directed to some suitable inhabitant 
of the said town of Norway, requiring him to notify and 
warn the inhabitants thereof, 4;o meet at some convenient time 
und place for the purpose of choosing all such oiBcers as 
towns, are by law required to choose in the months of March 
^r April, annually. 

Iliis act passed March 9, 1797. 



<5ontle reader, wo liave now got into Norway ; — ^not the 
beciutiful Norway of the present day, but Norway in its in- 
fancy. I have conducted you through a long journey, and 
mostly through a dreary wilderness. We have wandered, 
not quite so long a time as the children of Israel did in 
reaching the promised land, but for the space of almost ten 
years after females first showed themselves in the plantation, 
which was in the spring of 1787. Our ancestors, the first 
settlers, waded, not through seas of blood, like some mighty 
conquerors, but. through mud and water, thick forests, burnt 
trees, and black logs, oftentimes sufiering hunger and hard- 
ships. They were thinly scattered about in small clearings 
dotted here and there with little huts, log houses and log 
hovels, many of them surrounded with large families of 
j^ung children, many times poorly clad, and poorly fed. 
Yet think not that '* they were of all men," and women^ 
*^ the most miserable ; " for if we may believe the testimony 
of the few who are still living, we shall find that they had 
their comforts and consolations as much, or more, than at the 
present, day. As a general thing, they were like a band of 
brothers, and stood by each other in times of need; and by 
dint of patient industry and perseverance, they finally 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 8T 

achieved a. glorious victory over the dark wilOerncsS) causing 
it to bud and blossom as the rose. The soiL proved fertile 
and productive, and under the guidance and smiles of Provi- 
dence, they laid foundations for happy, happy, homes* They 
could, with heartfelt gratitude, adopt the words of the Bsalmist r 

*' He sends the showers of blessings down 

To cheer the plains below, 
He makes the grass the mountains crowns. 

And corn in vallies gtow.'' 

I have not been, able to learn precisely on what day the 
firat annual meeting was held for tho choice of town officers, 
nor with certainty at what, place ; but it is believed by the 
oldest settlers now. living, that it was held at the house of Job 
Eastman, May 8rd, 1797, and the following persons were 
chosen Selectmen and Afisessors for that year, viz : Job East- 
man, Benjamin Witt, and. Joseph Stevens ; Joshua Smith, 
Town Clerk ; Job Eastman, Town Treasurer ; and Ebeiitezeiv 
Whitmarsh, Constable and Collector oi Taxes. 

In oi^der to show who wero the inhabitants of tlib town.at*. 
the time of its incorporation,.! here give the names as stand-r 
ing on the first valuation, and assessment of tho firsU tax 
after the organization of the town : 



PEBSOKS' NAMEt. 

Ame» Samueli* 
Bennett Anthony, 
Bennett Nathaniel,. 
Buck Peter, 
Bartlctt Levi, 
Bartlett Capt«., 
Case Asa, 

Cummings Jonathan,. 
Crockett Joshua, 
Cowen Thomas, 
Chubb Jabez, 
Cnmmings Elisha, 
Dunham Asa, 
Dale Joseph, 



]E*ERSOiEYS' NAMBS. 

Dunlap William, 
Eastmnn Job, 
Fuller Benjamin, 
Frost Joel; 
Gorham David^. 
Hobbs Jeremiah, 
Hohbs Amos, 
Hubbard Reuben, 
Herring Benjamin, 
Holt Darius, 
Hen 1^ John, 
Hill Thomas, 
Lessley George, 
Lovcjoy Asa, 



*The name of Samuel Ames has ttood ot the head of all our valunlioDS, 
tax lists, and lisiii of voters, probably every year since the incorporation oC 
the town. At all events, I have never seen one otherwise. 



88 



HISTORY OF NORWAT. 



PERSONS' NAMES. 

Milieu John, 
Millkt Suiomon) 
Milieu Nathaniel, 
Meiiam Silas 
Noble Nathan, 
Nash William, 
Parsons Williaoi, 
Parsons John, 
Pike Dudley, 
Pike John, 
Perry Zebedee^ 
Perkins Samuel, 
Host llenr^, 
Howe Uenjaroin, 
Robinson Ezekiel, 
Stevens Jonas, 
Stevens Joseph^ 
Stevens Joel, 
Stevens Nathaniel, 
Stevens William, 
Shed Lemuel, 
Shirtlef Simeon, 
Saunders Jonathan, 
Smith Joshua, 
Stinchfteld James, 
Siinchfield Benjamin, 



FBR80NS' NAB1E8. 

Upton Amos, 
Tipton Francis, 
Witt Benjamin, 
Whitmarsh KItenezer, 
Whitney Phiuehas, 
Whitney Jonathan, 
Work William, 
Foster Nathan, 
Flint Benjamin, 

Curtis 

Beals William, 
Brigffs Kphraim, 

])ird 

Woodman Jonathan, 
Young Nathaniel, 
Yates William, 

Tuhbs 

Furlong Thomas, 
Knight Daniel, 
Willmm Jurcmiah, 

Itichardsou 

Webster Simon^ 
Cobh ls:i:ic, 
Crooker Culvin,. 
Crooker Ebenezer,. 
William Reed. 



Making seventy-nine taxable residents, and aa polls yreT& 
then taxable at sixteen years of age, there were eighty-six 
polls taxed, as some of the boys had reached the age of six- 
teen years. 

The non-resident proprietor of land were assessed, 

• $ .89,94 
The settlers were assessed, - - 945,49' 



Total assessment, ... |^1035,43*' 

A poll tax in this assessment was one dollar and sixty cents,. 

and the assessment probably included tlie State^ County, and 

town tax, though the book does not positively show the £ict. 

There was a highway tax assessed the same year for the 

8um of - - - - $342,49,8 

The non-residents pajring - . - 17,78,4 



The residents the remaining 



$324,71,4 



A poll tax was $1,5G. In 1798, a money tax, inqludtftg; 



IIISTOUV OF NOinVAY. 39 

State, County, and town, was assessed, amounting to $296,73; 
a jwll tiix was $1,00, and the number of polls 95. A high- 
way tax the same year amounted to $498,93, and a poll tax 
was $2,50. In 1799 it appears that a State tax for $41,02 
was assessed ; a poll tax was thirteen cents, and there were 
107 polls. The total valuation of the real and personal es- 
tate in the town amounted to the sum of $21,119. I find a 
.small remnant of a tax, which was called a minister tax, in 
which a poll paid seventeen cents ; and another fragment, 
which was probably a town tax, in which a poll paid sixty 
cents. From what can be gleaned up, it appeal's that the 
iaxes for the year were about as follows : 

Sbvte tux, - - $ 41,02 

Minister Uix, (nearly) - 52,00 

Town tax, (money) - 200,00 

do. do. (highway) - 360,00 

Making a total of - - $G43,02 

In 1800 it appears there were 115 taxable polls in the town ; 
the amount of money tax not 4iscertained, but estimated the 
«ame as last year, $296,73. Highway tax $611,02. 

In 1798 Joshua Smith was chosen Town Clerk; Job East- 
man, Treasurer ; Job Eastman, Benjamin Witt, and Joseph 
Stevens, Selectmen; Ebcnezer Whitmarsh, Collector. In 

1799, Job Eastman, Clerk ; Job Eastman, Treasurer ; Job 
Eastman, Joshua Smith, and Benjamin Witt, Selectmen. In 

1800, Job Eastman, Clerk; Job Euslmau, Treasurer; Job 
Eastman, Anthony Bennett, and Jonathan Woodman, Select- 
men ; Ebenezer Whitmarsh, Collector. Soon after the in- 
corporation of the town. Job Eastman was appointed a Jus- 
tice of the Peace, and acted in that capacity for the space of 
forty-eight years. 

During the summer and fall of 1799, John Parsons built 
him a new one-stoiy house, 30 feet by 36 ; he had nearly 
completed the fiuisliing of it in January following, and had 
moved his family into the same. One evening, as one of the 



40 HISTORY OP NORWAY. 

joiners was working at the bench, he cut his finger badly, and 
went into the room where the family lived to bind u|^ his 
wound ; in jumping across the bench he knocked over the 
candle, and not observing it while doing up his finger^ the 
house was wrapped in flames almost instantaneously, as there 
was a large quantity of shavings on the floor. This was a 
sad loss. Mr. Parsons wont courageously to work, and by 
the help of his kind neighbors, rebuilt the house, and got 
into it before spring work commenced. 

The following persons came into the town from the time of 
incorporation up to, and Avithin, the year 1800, viz : Cad F. 
Jones, in 1797; Edward Wells, and his son Edward Wells, 
Jr., John Richardson, Jr., James French, Joseph Small, Da- 
vid Morso, John Upton, Ebcnezer Cobb, Josiah Bartlctt, 
Nathaniel Bancroft, Joshua Pool, Barzilla Dwelly, Richard 
Blake ; Daniel Ilobbs, a son of Jeremiah Hobbs, and Amos 
Upton, Jr., a son of Amos Upton, had become of ago, and 
-were taxable citizens in 1798. In 1799, there is the addi- 
tion of Amos Blanchard, Darius Wilkins, John Upton, Moses 
Abbott, Samuel Godding, William White, David Upton, Jo- 
seph Martin, and probably some others came in, in order to 
make arrangements for a settlement as soon as convenient. 
In 1800, there were Added, Tilden Bartlctt, Bufus Bartlett, 
Jacob Bancroft, Stephen Curtis, Jacob Frost, Edmund Mer- 
rill, Jacob Parsons, Alfred Barrett, Ward Noyes, Bailey 
Bodw^ll, Samuel Andrews. At this time there were fifty- 
^Ven' houses ULiid forty-seven bams in the town. 

This ydar the Militia was organized in Norway, and the* 
first ofliccrs were Jonathan Cummings, Captain, Anthony 
Bennett, Lieutenant, William Reed, Ensign. 

In 1801, the town officers were as follows : Job Eastman, 
Clerk ; Job Eastmian, Treasurer ; Job Eastman, Jonathan 
Woodman, and Cad F. Jones, Selectmen; William Hobbs, 
Collector. 

Highway tax $720,68 ; money tax, of all kinds, $1696^* 



mSTfORt OF NORWAY. 41 

64 ; number of polls 129 ; poll ta* on the highway $2,00. 
This year, or last, Joseplt Rust built a grist-mill at the Steep 
Falls, and it appears that he was taxed for the Bust property* 
by the valuation. 

Pi-evious to 1800, Amos Upton had built a large one-story 
house, and in January of that year Ward Noyes moved from 
Ando^^er, Mass., into Mr. Upton's Iiouse, and lived there 
until the next fall. In July tliere was a terrific tempest of 
lightning, thunder, rain and wind. The house was struck 
by lightning at the easterly end of the ridge-pole ; the elec- 
tric fluid ran down the rafter and other timbers, and wont 
almost over the whole house. Seven persons were knocked 
down by the shock, and Ward Noyes was insensible for a 
long time ; probably he never would have recovei'ed had it 
not been for the application of cold water, which by Mr. Up- 
ton's direction was poured upon him by pai&fuU — ^he having, 
a short time previous, seen in a newspapef an account of its 
efficacy. Large spaces of thick forest were prostrated by 
this wind, and considerable damago dono olliorwiso. 

The first post-oflice in Norway was established in 1800, 
and William Ilced appointed post-master. lie remamcd in 
office about forty years, and was a vigilant, faithful officer ; 
he also contmued to keep a store of goods, and traded largely 
for that day, for many years. He engaged extensively in 
farming, and in all kinds of business was a very energetic, 
pei-severing man. 

While speaking of the establishment of the firet post-office 
and first post-master, I will give an acccmnt of the mail at 
that time, tlie first mail-carrier, &c. Jacob Howe, grandr^ 
father of Jeremiah Howe of Norway Village, was the first 
mail-carrier, and rodo on horseback with the mail-bag, and 
a large pair of saddle-bags, in which he carried a few news- 
papers. He came from Portland, through Gray, New Glou-* 
ccster, Poland, Hebron, to Norway, and then to Watcrford, 
Bridgton, Raymond, Standish; Gorham, to Portland again, 



iJ 



42 HISTORY OF KORWAY. 

onco a week ; and the time of his arrival at this, and other 
places, depended on circumstances, the state of the weather, 
and tlie situation of the roads. The newspapers were mostly 
the ohl Porthmd Gazette and Etistern Argus ; for there were 
at that early day two political parties, though not many third 
]7artieSy or "one idea^' parties. The carrier had an enor- 
mous tin horn, or trumpet, which he sounded just before his 
ai-rival at the respective post-offices, and also in neighborhoods 
where a man or two took a newspaper ; then the boys and 
girls would run out to get '* father's paper," and soon all the 
neighbors learned the news. Mr. Howe carried the mail sev- 
eral years, and was succeeded by a Mr. Smith; after a few 
years, Joshua Pool, of this town, succeeded Smith, and Wil- 
liam Sawin succeeded Pool — all of them carrying the mail 
and newspapers in the same way. About 1 81 2, a Mr. lirown, 
of Waterford, bcc«T«me a mail-conti'actor, and ventured to con- 
vcy the mail in a ono-horae wagon, (one-horse wagons cauio 
into being about that time,) and once in a while would carry 
a passenger or two to Portland, or some other place. James 
Longley succeeded Mr. Brown, and the mail-route was so 
altered that a mail ran direct from Portland to Norway Vil- 
lage and Paris Hill. Longley hml the hardihood to run a 
pair of horses and double-sleigh in winter, and a four-wheeled 
carriage in summer, though his patronage in the way of 
passengers was rather small. However, by perseverance and 
attention, Longley in a few years built up a pretty good busi- 
ness, and was finally succeeded by John B. Stowell. He 
owned the line for a few years, and was succeeded by G. G. 
Waterhouse, who owned the line, and most of the time han- 
dled the reins himself, until the railroad went into operation, 
when he was transferred to the cars as conductor on a passen- 
ger train. I must be permitted to say a word about Water- 
house, as a stage-driver ; (not intending, in the least, to speak 
disparagingly of his predeccssoi-s.) He was ever attentive: 
•to the wants and comfort of his passcngei's, and very correct 



IIJSTOUY 01' NORWAY. 48 

in doing tlic thousand errands intrusted to his care. IIo 
finally raised the character of the line to an eminent pitch, 
and before the conveyance by cars took place, it was not un- 
common to see three, or more, four-horse coaches come into 
Norway Village, all loaded to overflowing — bringing some- 
times sixty passengers. 

About December, 1819, a company of sixteen individuals 
got up a two-horse stage to run from Norway Village to 
Bethel, and finally to Lancaster, New Hampshire. We en- 
countered much opposition at first in regard to the mail, but 
at length made it a popular and profitable line, till superseded 
by the i*ailroad. Anthony Bennett, tlio son of Capt. Anthony 
Bennett, was one of the company, and vfus the driver for sev- 
eral yeai*s, and raised the character of the line, as business 
on the route increased, so much, that the company sold out 
the concern without any loss or trouble ; which was doing 
jM'etty well for so wild a project, as it was called at the be- 
ginning. Orren Hobbs, a grandson of Jeremiah Hobbs, drove 
pomo on this route, and on tlio Portland route in Watcrliouso' s 
employ ; afterwards he was on the route from Portland to 
Augusta. For a few years previous to tlio commencement of 
railroad conveyance, A. A. Latham drove a four-horse coach 
from Norway to Bethel and Shelbunie, on the Lancaster 
route, and he was considered a very gentlemanly driver. 
Both Hobbs and Latham have been transferred to the cars ub 
conduGtoi*s, which shows pretty clearly how they w ere es- 
teemed as drivers of coaches for public conveyance. 

After Mr. Reed retired from the post-office, G. J. Ordway, 
(a son of Amos Ordway, who mamed, for a second wife, 
Mary Ames, tlie oldest daughter of Samuel Ames, the first 
miller in Rustfield,) was apix)inted post-master, and kept the 
office a few ycai*s ; he was succeeded by Asa Thayer, who a 
few years before came from Paris to Norway ; and in 1849, 
Elliot Smith, the present incumbent, succeeded to the office. 
Elliot Smith is the youngest son of Joshua Smith, and tW 



44 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

only one living: I ask pardon for getting so for ahead, aa 
to dates ; but £ thought the reader would better underatand 
the matter in regard to our post-office and mail concenib, if 
it was related altogether — therofore I have made this digress- 
ion ; but I will now return back to 1801. 

In 1801, Amos Upton built a grist-mill on a brook about 
three-fourths of a mile westerly of Fuller's Comer. It was 
leather a rudely constructed thing, as he did almost all the work 
himself, even to the makiiig of the mill-stones. His oldest 
son, Francis Upton, afterwai*ds owned said mill, and tended it 
for many years. In the drought of summer there was not 
sufficient water to grind ; but at other times it did considerable 
business, and was a great convenience to the settlers in the 
northwest part of tlio town. Amos Upton, Jr., anotheri son 
of Amos Upton, succeeded his bix)thor Francis ; he built a 
fiew mill on die same stream, a little above the old one^* and 
did considerable business in gi-inding. Jonatlian Swift,. some 
twenty-five years ago, succeeded AmoB^ Upton, Jr., and after- 
wards built a new mill, which is still in* operation. 

This year, Phinehas Whitney, on theWaterford three- tiers, 
had the misfortune to lose his house by fire. It was a log 
house, to be sure ; but it was all' he had. It was quite a dis- 
tressing circumstance to him and his family, who were in 
rather poor circumstances before the loss. Mr. Whitney was 
a soldier through all the revolutionary war. He was in the 
battle of Bunker Hill, and I have oft^en heard him tell the 
story of that memorable contest. He said that just as he had 
put his last charge into his gun, the British forces had about 
reacheil their rude brcostwork ; a British officer mounted the 
embankment, and cried out to his soldiers to '^ rush on, as the 
fort was their own ; '' Whitney then took deliberate aim at 
him, and, to use his own language, " let him have it," and he 
fell into the entrenchment. He then clubbed his musket, and 
cIear(Hl his way the best he could, and finally made good his 
retreat. 



ailSTORY OP NORWAY. 45 

Jacob Fi*osi, vrlw moved from Tevrksbuiy, Mass., into Nor- 
way, in 1800, was also in the battle of Bunker Hill. He 
was severely wounded in the hip by a musket ball, and taken 
prisoner. Afterwards he was carried to Halifax, where he was 
immured in a filthy prison, and his wound poorly attended 
10—41110 ball never being cxtitictod; he remained there several 
months, and suffered almost everything but death. While 
yet very lame, he, with three fdlow-prisoners, planned a way 
to escape, by removing a stone, and digging out under the 
wall of their prison. This they effected without discovery ; 
but, sad to relate, one of their number was too largo to get 
thiY)ugh tlie opening, and after using every possible exertion, 
he had to be pushed back into his cell, and left to his lonely 
and miserable fate. Frost and the other two made their way 
to die nearest thicket, or woods, and as soon as daylight began 
to appear, they concealed themselves as best they could, where 
they lay till darkness again covered their flight. Mr. Frost 
was still too lame to mako much headway, but his companions 
in suffering proved true and faithful friends, and did not leave 
him, but helped him along-^-oftentimes carrying him on their 
backs. Frost was concealed under a large tree turned up by 
the roots, and a quantity of old leaves thrown over him, dur-^ 
ing the first day. In the morning they were missed ; pursuit 
and search were immediately made for them, and while he 
was under the old tree, some soldiers came along on the trail 
of the fugitives, and sat down to rest themselves, and talked 
over the matter of the escape of the prisoners, on the same 
log under which he lay concealed. Kind reader, can yott 
imagine how the poor lame soldier felt while his pursuers were 
sitting on the log and discussing the subject? Don't you 
think his heart went pit-a-pat 7 However, as a kind Provi- 
<lenco ordered it, the fugitives were not discovered, and as 
soon as night spread its sable mantle over tlie earth, they 
groped their way along as fast as possible ; they suffered very 
much from hunger, having no food but a few dry crusts, which 



46 HISTORY OP NORWAY. 

tlicy had saved from their souity daily allowance while they 
were preparing the way to escape. After their old, mouldy 
crusts were gone, they were almost driven to despemtion ; and 
one night they carefully appixMiched a house in hopes of iuid- 
ing something to appease their hunger; but after a long 
search they could find nothing for food, except an old shoe, 
which they tore to pieces and chewed the leather ; and Mr. 
Frost has said that was the sweetest morael he ever ate. Oc- 
casionally they could steal a hen from some farm-yard or 
baiii ; but then they had to eat it raw, lest they should Ix) 
discovered by the smoke of their fire if they attempted to 
cook it. Thus they wandei*ed many nights, and concealed 
themselves many days, until they had left a long distance be- 
tween them and their loathsome prison ; and they then begtm 
to venture out cautiously in the daytime. One day, being 
sorely oppressed witli hunger, they ventured up to a house, 
and rapped at the door ; a woman came to the door, and they 
asked her for something to eat. She eyed them closely, then 
bade them enter, and hastily set food before them ; she told 
them to eat what they would, take some to carry with them, 
arid hasten away as soon as possible ; for if her husband 
should come in he probably would secure them if he could. 
What a heavenly trait there is in woman ! Her heart is al- 
ways touched with sympathy for the distressed. They prob- 
ably oftener act from the impulse ot the moment than the 
stronger sex ; but that they possess more tender feelings of 
benevolence to the suffering, can hardly be doubted by any 
one who lias carefully studied human nature. After filling 
their stomaclis and pockets, they stole away as carefully as 
they came. After a long and hungry wandering, they finally 
completed their escape. Mr.- Frost reached his native town, 
and afterwards emigrated to the town of Norway, where he 
lived to a good old age. He like to have died, however, with 
the bullet in his hip ; he often, in former times, told the 
writer that it never had been extracted; but it was finally 



IirSTORY OP NORWAY. 47 

removed a few years before his death. He was a little lame, 
and had a stiffness in his hip till he died, January 28th, 1839,; 
aged 84 years. 

Previous to 1802, 1 find the following increase of new set- 
tlei-fl, viz: Josiah Blanchard, John Bancroft, Jolin Case, 
Euocli Merrill, Enoch Merrill, Jr., Daniel Merrill, Alexan- 
der Mills, Amos Cummings, (son of the proprietor of Cum- 
mings Gore) William Bartlctt, Daniel Holt, William Hobbs, 
second son of Jeremiah Hobbs, James Packaid, Jonathan 
Pottle, Timothy Stone, Joseph Stone, Paul Twombly, Wil- 
liam Twombly, John Hix, Asa Hix, Daniel Davis, Johnllor, 
Samuel Pingree, Joseph Gallison, Samuel Smith, John Ord- 
way, Samuel Watson, Benjamin Tucker, Dr. Heath, and 
probably a few more, that have not come to the knowledge of 
the writer. 

Town officers for 1802 — Job Eastman, Clerk ; Job East- 
man, Treasurer ; Job Eastman, Cad F. Jones, and Jonathan 
Woodman, Selectmen. 

Stiito tax, |77,83 ; Town and County tax, $1845,60 ; 
number of polls IGO ; number of houses 65, barns 55. It 
may be understood that they did not tax log houses and barns, 
and this accounts for the small number of houses in propor- 
tion to the polls. I have not been able to find any highway 
tax for this year ; but it probably was about the same as the 
money tax, and blended with it, as the whole sum is large. 

This year, William Hobbs, (second son of Jeremiah Hobbs) 
commenced trade ; his shop was valued at $20 — stock in 
trade $50. Benjamin Tucker, born in Canton, Mass., came 
from Worcester, Mass., to this town, the same year, and set 
up the saddle and harness-making business — the first in the 
town. Ho engaged in the business successfully for many 
yeitw, and his oldest son, Benjjimin Tucker, Jr., continues it 
to very good advantage. ' 

I find a Dr. Heath on the valuation this year, but he was, 
not the first doctor in the place. Dr. Shannon was the first,. 



48 niSIOBT OF VORWAT. 

yiho stayed but a short time, and was succeeded by Dr. Bar- 
rett, vrho soon gave place to Dr. Heath. About 1803, he 
vfViS succeeded by Dr. Swett, who loft in 1805 ; and in the 
faM of that year Dr. Moses Ayer came lato the town, and 
continued to practice till about 1524, and was generally es- 
Ifiemed as a very good physician. He then removed to 
SangerviUe, but in the latter part of his life was subject to 
iinsanity, and died in the insane hospital a few years since. 
Dr. Asa Danforth come into Norway about 1821, and r^nains 
here at the present time ; he has had an extensive practice. 
Dr. Jonathan S. Millett, (a son of John Millett) was bom in 
tliis town. After studying his profession, and trying some 
< other places, he settled do^na in his native town about 1825, 
;and has over had a largo pnictice. Dr. Danforth and Dr. 
3Iillett, at the present day, and for many years past, proba- 
ibly stand as high in tlio estimation of the community as any 
imedical characters in this section of the country. Dr. Jesse 
Howe has recently settled in this town, and so far appears to 
be successful. He is a grandson of our first mail-carrier. I 
had almost forgotten to mention one other physician and sur- 
geon, Dr. French, who resided in the town a year or more 
4ibout 1825. He performed a critical operation on a cliild of 
the writer, for. blindness, caused by cataracts in both eyes, 
nnd was successful in restoring the child's sight in a great 
measure. He also amputated .a Jeg for Phinehas Whitney, 
the old soldier, >when he was seycnty-five years of age ; the 
old gentleman idid well, and livod five or six years after, en- 
joyii^g g^ health for so old a peinon. I speak well of the 
surgeon's skill, but no further. Dr. Thomas Itobci*ts, a stu- 
dent of Dr. Millett, partially located himself in the upper 
part of Norway, after completing his studies, about 1831 ; ho 
practiced a few years with very good success, and much to 
the satisfaction «of liis employers. He then removed to Bum- 
ford, where he tstill continues his practice, and lias the repu- 
tation of a good physician. Dr. Naiuiniel Grant partiallj^ 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 49 

eettlod in tliis town about the time Dr. Roberts left ; after a 
short practiee he removed to Wakefield, N. H. He married 
the only daughter of William Hobbs. Dr. Leander Tripp also 
settled in the upper part of the town, near Swift's Comer, about 
1840, and remained there a few years, not having a very ex- 
tensive praotioa There was also a Thompsonian practitioner, / 
of the name of Oarsley, from about 1846 to 1848, but much 
need not be said of him. In short, no town has more reason 
to be satisfied with its physicians than the town of Norway 
for the last forty years, and we hope to be as fortunate for the 
next forty. 

Joel Frost had the misfortune to have his bam burnt on the 
fourth day of May, this year. It was caused by fire flying 
from a felled piece, which Ward Noyes, his nearest neighbor, 
was burning. Mr. Frost had been assisting him in setting the 
piece on fire, and they thought there was no danger; but the 
wind shifted suddenly, and fire was blown among the litter at 
the side of the barn, enveloping it in flames in a few minuteSt 
Tills was a serious loss to Mr, Frost, as , the bam was nearly 
new, and largo for that day ; and much difficulty aidd expense 
attended the transportation of boards from Bust's mill at that 
time, owing to the newness and roughness of the road. This 
year Benjamin Flint built a good house, having lived till this 
time in one of logs. 

In the fall of 1802, we had the first regimental muster, 

probably, that took place in the County of Oxford — ^at all 

events, the first in this regiment. The place of parade was on 

the spot which I shall now call the bumt. district, about where 

Anthony Jiennett's buildings stood, and just west of the little 

bowling-«»lley. The land was then new, and not much cleared, 

but had had the trees and bushes cut down and bumt over a . 

short time before. This muster was a great day among the 

other days of tliat time. The citizens of the place turned out 

voluntarily, and cleared oiT the logs and wood remaining on 

the ground ; they pulled and knocked up the small stumps, and 

4 



50 . niSTORT 09 NORWAT. 

levdlod tho inequalities of the ground as well as they could for 
this important occasion. Martial music at that day, in tliis 
place^ was an enlivening affiur, as we had but little of it; and 
in order to be well prepared for the occasion, John Bennett, a 
younger brother of Anthony and Nathaniel Bennett, then quite 
ar young man, went down to New Gloucester and obtained a 
pewter fife^ and on the evening before the muster, delighted 
the boys and girls, and even older ones, by playing a few tunes 
as a kind of pi*eludo to the much-Iongod-for, coming day. 
•' The officers of the regiment were as follows : — Levi Hub- 
bard, of Paris, Colonel ; Mark Andrews, of Buckfield, William 
Livermorej of Liv^rmore, M sjors ; William C. Whitney, of 
Hebron, Adjutant. The Companies were from Buckfield| 
Bumford, Francis Keyes, Captain, Hebron, Paris, Otisfield, 
' — ^ Mores; Captain, Norway, Jonatlian Cummingg, Captain. 



Six'Qompanies in all ; — a pretty formidable military force, and 
anried with muskets of every color, length, and caliber; some 
with bayonets, and more without ; but the greater part would 
bum powder, which some of them had learned the smell of at 
Bunker Hill^ Saratoga, Torktown, and other places, during our 
fevoluitioiiaary^ struggle. The officers of the several companies, 
at- le^t the captains, were armed' with a sword &nd al spontoon ; 
nltid tlie uiiiformi was a ti*i^comered (k)ckod-liat, dbcp blue coat, 
faced with bright red broadcloth, the facing turned out about 
foul' inched on each sidid of the front, buff or yellow vest and 
p'adta for the field officers, a^d white or cream-colored vest and 
pianta foi^ the company officers ;• and they looked grand, I tell ' 
^li-'wedpecially those who bore a shining epaulette on one or 
both shoulders. 

' Oh the oj^posite side of the street^ about wliere the post-office 
aibd Beal's block now stand. Ensign Beed had a lot of boards* 
pilbd along by the side of the fence ; and these served nicely 
for the ^^ shanty fixings,'' where Some of the goo<i dames sold 
cakes, pies, maple sugar, (candy- was hardly bom then) and; 
othor Uttle refreshniento.;; whili^ men o^d; boys: 9old 8iUtUio> 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 01 

« 

liquor, such as good old '' wliite-faoe and molasses/' knoTrn ) 
then by the sober cognomen of black strap, with a little old 
Holland and Cogniac for the use of the officers and other gen- 
tlemen of distinction — ^but all good enough. Not fault was 
found either with the cakes, liquor, soldiers, or offic^B — ^in fact, 
everything l^med propitious, oxccpti;Qg that in the afternoon 
the wind blew rather strong, and the dirt and iu^i becoming 
pretty thoroughly stirred up by the horses' hoofs, and being 
rather dark colored from recent burning, the buQ* and white 
pants looked tremendously"^for many of them appeared as if 
they were putting on mourning for the wash-tub. 

The regiment performed many maneuvers and evolutions 
laid down by old ^^ Steuben," and other military tactitians*. 
Both soldiers and officers received tho hearty applause and ap- 
probation of all the lookenH)n, and that was '' glpry enough 
for one day." The. place felt proud Qf the pirade, the soldiera 
felt proud of their officers, and the officers felt proud of their 
soldiers, but much more so of themselves. In short, it was a 
day of high exultation with all, as it seemed to revive up, and 
rekindle the patriotic feeh'ngs which had pervaded the bosoms^ 
of many old soldiers through the long war that h$A achieved, 
our National Independence. 

The concourse of people was immensely large, and fortunateljr 
no accident occurred to mar the enjoyments and festivities of 
the day. The regiment, although afterwards curtailed of a 
part of its territory, continued to increase in numbers and 
^' military graces," until it embraced within its limits ten com- 
panies of infantry, one of artillery, one of riflemen, one of 
cavalry, and two of light infantry. But those days of military 
parade and glory have passed away, and are DOw numberec) 
among the things tliat are not ; and probably a liko fate awaits 
7iiany of the things of the present day« 

Adjutant William 0. Whitney is still amongst tlio living 
pnd resides in this town. He came into tbi^ new country, to 
S^bicon^ wt^en a young man, and has paased through mucht 



5^2 HISTORY OV NORWAY. 

hard labor and toil, and many offices of honor and profit, (the 
office of Councillor to the Oovemor several years, and sheriff 
of tlie County of Oxford for many years more,) and has aocu- 
mulatcd a krge share of this world's goods, which, according 
to the course of nature, he must, in a few years at most, leare 
to others. Thus we are all passing away, like the rippling 
waters of a stream, every day carrying us nearer to the ocean 
of Eternity. 

This train of thought about old by-gone things brings freshly 
to my mind another of the old worthies of the revolution, and 
of the first settlement of this town, Samuel Ames. He was 
the drummer at this famous muster, and the first man that beat 
» rfnm in the town of Norway. He woa the firet Biiller, and 
made abouf; the first wagons that were built in the town; and 
he was first in many other things pertaining to those old-fiish- 
ioned times. He was 98 years old Feb. 25, 1852, but up to 
that time, and after, retained his physical and mental fiunilties 
in a remarkable manner. I have spent days with him, taking 
notes of events that occurred in the early settlement of this 
town, prior to my personal knowledge of ihe place and people. 
He was very clear on all subjects which ever came witliin his 
notice, and particularly so in regard to dates. It makes my 
heart feel sad to be so often called upon to part with these 
standard settlers. Since his last birth-day, while discoursing 
with him about '' old things," he, with a smile on his counte- 
nance, observed to me that he delighted to help me to every 
thing within his recollection, but added he, '' I feel a presenti* 
ment that I shall not live to see the book." And it seems liis 
presentiment was verified, for he departed this life March 18, 
1852, much lamented. 

In 1803, Town officers as follows: Joseph Rust, Clerk; 
Job Eastman, Treasurer ; Benjamin Witt, Nathan Noble, 
and Timothy Stone, Selectmen. 



niSTORT Of KORWAT. 6S 

Stoto tax, - - - - $ 77,88 

Town voted- to vaise for schools, - 800,0Q 

Town charges, - - - 20,00 

Total, .... $897,88 

Number of Polls 162. Highway tax same year, $803,18; 
Can not find any County tax for this year. At another 
meeting held at the house of Joseph Stevens some time thi» 
year, the town voted to raise $150 to repair the pond bridge,, 
so called, near Rufus Bartlett's. 

This year, Henry Rust, Jr., a son of Henry Rust, the 
proprietor of Rustfield, became an inhabitant of the town ; 
also Samuel Fingree, Stephen Pingi*eo, Jr., Elijah Flint, 
Charles Kinsman, and some others. Besides the addition 
made by tiew-comers> several of the sons of the early settlers 
had now become of age, and were many of them beginning 
to make settlements, for themselves. William Lessley and 
Amasa Lessley had become of age, and now lived on the 
same farm on which their father, Qeorge Lessley, began ; he 
being one of the firat five settlers who camo into Rustfield, 
and died in 1800, as I find the estate taxed to his widow in 
1801. Joel Stevens, Jr., the oldest son of Joel Stevens, 
about this time, or previous, began on a lot on the Waterford 
three tiers ; he raised com one year, and then sold out to the 
Fingrees. Mr. Stevens lived in the town many years, and 
in many places, and died in Otisfiold, 1847. Daniel Davis, 
John Caw, Morton Curtis, Noah Curtis, Levi Frank, George 
Doughty, and Thomas Wood, were new-comers into the town. 
Among the sons of the old settlers, besides those already 
named, were Amos Upton, Jr., Daniel Stevens, Jonas Ste- 
vens, Frye Lovejoy, Micah Upton, Daniel Knight, Jr., and 
probably some others. 

The military alBSiirs underwent some change this year. 
Capt. JonaUian Cummings was prompted to a Major in the 
regiment, and Anthony Bennett promoted &om a Lieutenant, 
to Captain, and Ward Noyes chosen Lieutenant. 



54 HISTORY OP NORWAY. 

This year, David Frost, an old gentleman, and John Frost, 
his oldest son, and three other sons, Bobeii;, Peter, and WiU 
liam, moved into Norway, upon Fi*ost's hill, so called ; also 
Samuel Andrews and Moses Gummon commenced farms in 
the same neighborhood. They came from Gorham, Maine. 
Daniel Young, this year, came from New • Gloucester, and 
«et up the hatting business with Joseph Gallison. I find 
William Bartlett on the books this year ; he moved here from 
Hebron, where he had lived two or three years, but originally 
came from Plymouth, Mass. He had a fiimily of several 
children, the oldest of whom y^ma Esther Bartlett, well known 
for many years as a tailoress. She and her sister Emily 
plied their needles with diligence for many years, and during 
the last years of their parents' lives, who lived to a very ml- 
vanced age, they manifested the most filial alTection towards 
them, always doing all in their power to render their old age 
comfortable and happy. An example worthy of imitation by 
all future sons and daughters. Amos Town, from Andover, 
Mass., came into Norway this year, und felled trees on the 
Cummings Gore, in order to settle permanently in the place. 

Town officers for 1804 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Job East' 
man, Treasurer ; Benjamin Witt, Nathan Noble, and Timothy 
Stone, Selectmen ; Jonathan Swett, Collector. It appears 
that Ebcnezer Whitmarah was mostly Collector of taxes from 
the incorporation of the town up to 1804 ; and the bills wero 
this year taken from Swett and given to Whitmarsh, and he 
was succeeded by Aaron Witkins, who collected the taxes for 
one year. 

At a legal meeting of the inhabitants of the town of Nor-^ 

way, held at the house of Maj. Jonathan Cummings, in said 

. town, March 6, 1804, the following sums of money were 

voted to be raised, viz : Voted to raise nine hundred dollars 

to be laid out in repairing the highways, 0900,00 

Voted to raise fob the Support of schools, 850,00 

Voted to raise to defray town charges, 120,00 



niSTOBY OF NqnwAY. 65 

' Voted to raiso to purchase Weights and Metusures, 75, 00 
Voted for the support of the poor, 150,00 

$1595,00 
State tax, $77,83. County tax missing. Number of 
polls 169 ; number of scholars 820. Total value of rateable 
property in the town of Norway, as taken by the assessors in 
the year of our Lord 1804, $40,977. 

I came from Massachusetts into the town of Norway, Feb. 
12th, 1804, and must be pardoned if I give a short descrip* ) 
tion of the appearance of the place at that early day. There 
cwcre three two-story buildings in the Village, viz : tlie Reed 
store, which has lately been remodelled, and an addition put 
to it, by Robert Noyes, the old house recently occupied by 
Ichabod Bartlett, Esq., and the old Samuel Smith house, 
which formerly stood where William C. Whitney's house now 
stands. There were a few other houses in the Village, but 
mostly small and poor. There were six more two-story houses 
in other parts of the town, viz : Nathaniel Bennett's, Dudley 
Pike's, the Rust house on tlie hill, Amos Ilobbs', Joel Bte- 
.Vens', and Jonathan Cummings ; and theliouse in the Village 
now owned by John Dcoring was in progress of building^ by 
John Ordway. I think that about that time, or sooii after, 
Capt. Henry Rust brought a chaise into the Village, from 
Salem ; and there was no other wheeled carriage in the town, 
excispt a very few ox-carts and ox-Wagons, which were scarce 
articles at that time. There was not such a thing as a cart 
or wagon west of Fuller's Corner, and not a one-horse wagon 
jn the town before 1809. The vehicles for winter conveyance 
;Vere about of the same character as those for summer. The 
farmers who were able had a double market sleigh or sled, 
and, generally a one-horse pung, as they used to call them ; 
they were usually made by setting the studs into the top- 
pieces, and betiding on the runners, which wei'e made of a 
straight, tough leverwood or beech, and a seat to lay acirosd / 



66 HISTORY OF irORWAT. 

yfhen the ladies rode to a meeting or a party. Lt the svin* 
mer, or fall, when the ladies rode, it was on horse-back, either 
alone, or behind their husband or beau ; and if behind, often 
on a pillion, if they had one, Nov, girls, do n't laugh ; for 
I have seen as pretty girls ride in this , manner as I ever saw 
. in my life, as old as I am. 

The first fire in the Village took place about this time ; 
I the building was a potash — ^loss not very distressing. There 
was one other potash in the town, first put up by Maj. Jona- 
than Cummings, and after a few years purcliasod by Benjamin 
Fuller, and moved up to Fuller's Comer. Fuller used to 
take ashes of the inhabitants in that part of the town, and 
pay them in molasses, salt-fish, salt, &;c., which he received 
in excliange for his potash. It helped make business for Mr. 
Fuller, and he was a business man at that day. 

In 1805, Town officers as follows : Job Eastman, Clerk ; 
Job Eastman, Treasurer ; Henry Rust, Jr., Nathan Noble, 
and Aaron Wilkins, Selectmen ; Aaron Wilkins, Collector. 

Valuation of taxable property, $41,717. Number of pollsy 

187 ; houses 80 ; bams 79. Town voted to raise money aa 

follows: Forscbools, - - ^ $400,00 

For support of poor, and town charges, * 200,00 

To pay Collector, - - - 24,00 

$624,00 

State tax, - - - - $77,8a 

Overlaid to pay Collector, - - , 2,98' 

, 180,26 

I can not determine the exact amount of lfighwiQ>y tax, bvk 
think it to be about $800. 

The following persons became inhabitants of the town pre- 
vious to the taking of this valuation ; Ebenezer Jenkins, 
Moses Ayer, Luther Farrar, Josiah !^arrar, James Flint, 
Elijah Flint, Moses Holt, D*aniel Holt, Jesse Howe, John 
Nocdliam, Stephen Pingree, Ilczekiah Pingreo, Solomon 



HISTORY OF NORWAT. / G7 

lloot, Joseph H. Root, Joseph Shockley, John Thomas, John 
Shaw, Eliphalct Watson, Ebenezer Watson, Asa Rkker, Joii- 
athan Shed, John Bennett, Thomas Seal. The followhig 
persons, sons of the older settlers, had now become of age^ 
and were taxed for their own polb, and property, if they had 
acquired any, and many of them were beginning to make 
farms for themselves : Asa Lorcjoy, Jr., John Pike, Jr,, 
Enoch Lovejoy, Enoch Knight, James Buck, Jared M. Buck, 
Stephen Bartlett, and probably some others, both of new im- 
migrants, and those arriving at the age of twenty-one years. 
I must say a word about some of the new immigrants into 
the place. Moses Ayer I have already spoken of as one of 
our doctors. Luther Farrar was of the legal profession, (a 
lawyer, as the common phrase is,) and as a lawyer his char- 
acter was (I was almost on the point of saying) spotless ; and 
if any should say that he was not a great man^ I think there 
are none to say that he was not a good man. Ever bland 
and courteous in his deportment and intercourse with all, he 
was emphatically a peacemaker among his fellow-men. Ho 
never encouraged any frivolous, dirty litigation, but endeav- 
ored to bring about an amicable adjustment of such difficulties 
as ought to be settled without resort to legal process. Ho 
mamed Mercy A. Whiting, from New Ipswich, N. H. She 
came here in the fall of 1806, and the probability is that he 
came some time in 1804. His health while here was rather 
delicate, and his debility finally terminated in consumption, of 
which he died, much lamented, early in the spring of 1812. 
He had an extensive run of business, and built the house and 
o£Sce now occupied by Levi Whitman, who became a partner 
in business with Mr. Farrar a few months before his death ; 
and finally succeeded him in almost everything — that is, in 
business, property, (partly by purchase,) and wife — as after a 
few years he married Mr. Farrar's widow, who was, and still 
is, a very amiable and capable woman ; and what I consider 
as another item of importance, Mr. Whitman has always pur- 



68 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

Bucd the same peaceful course aa hb predecessor, by discoiui' 
tenaacing all frivolous and mean litigation. Durjng Mr. 
Farrar'a lifetime, another attorney by the name of Adams 
mode an attempt to settle here ; but the soil did not at. that 
time prove strong enough to bear two lawyers, and he retired. 
In 1882 and '83, William A. Evans made a short stand in 
Norway, as an attorney, and did some business for the time 
he was here, but finding the feed rather short, sought a better 
field. Moses B. Baitlctt, an attoi*ney from Bethel, and WiU 
liam W. Virgin, an attoiney from Rumford, came into Norway 
Village three yeai's or more ago ; they are doing a decent 
business, and bid very fair to become useful and eminent 
gentlemen, of the legal profession. I do not feel disposed to 
eulogize living characters too strongly, lest it might excite 
feelings of vanity in the subjects, and of envy in the minds 
of oUicrs ; but I will add one word in regard to Mr. Virgin, 
who has commenced one very important suit since coming 
here, land it has had a happy termination in his marriage with 
a daughter of H. (}. Cole, Esq. Mr. Bartlett married a lady 
from Brunswick before coming to Norway. 

Josiah Farrar, a brother to Luther Farrar, was a clothier; 
he stayed here a f^w years only, and then went to Waterford. 
Daniel |Iolt and Moses Holt were blacksmiths, and worked in 
the Village. , Moses died many years ago. Daniel was always 
a persevering mechanic, till old age abated his activity. Ho 
still lives in the Village, enjoying a competence — t^e fruit 
of an industrious life. John Shaw put in operation at the 
Steep Falls a carding-machine, the first in the town or vicinity. 
He was succeeded by Samuel Eatcliff, in the same maehine, a 
few years after. Carding and clothier's work, at that period, 
and for twenty or thirty years after, were almost indispensable 
to the inhabitants. Pew people wore any finer cloth than 
that made in their own families ; and, in fact, gentlemen were 
prottd to appeal* dressed in a suit of clothes spun and woven 
by their own wives and daughters, l^he spinning- wheel aiid 



HISTORY OP NORWAY. 50 

the loom made cheering music in almost every house. Gen- 
tlemen in broadcloth, and ladies in silk were rather rare 
articles, and appeared but seldom in this '* down east" coun- 
try at that early period. Joseph Shackley undei^took the 
management of Rust's tan-yard, where he continued to tan 
and curry hides for many yeai's, and did wellj too, in the old 
fashioned way. • 

This year, the first saw-mill in the Village was destroyed 
by fire, in March, but was rebuilt during the summer fol- 
lowing. William Beal had tended the saw-mill for several 
years previ6u8, and continued to for four or five years after. 

The County of Oxford was organized this year, it having 
lierctofore formed a part of Cumberland County. Joseph 
Ilust, of Norway, was chosen Register of Deeds for said 
County, and served in that office till his death, which took 
place in the spring of 1815. He was an excellent Register, 
as the books will now show on examination. In order to 
avoid mistakes as to dates, among such a multiplicity of items 
to bo noticed, I shall here give a list of such persons belong- 
ing, or having belonged to the town, as have served as officers 
of die County since its organization : 

Joseph Rust, Register of Deeds, served ten years. 1807 ; 
Henry Rust, County Treasurer, and served till his decease in 
1820, thirteen years. 1815 ; Levi Whitman, County Attor- 
ney, and served till 1863, eighteen years. 1820 ; Henry 
Rust, Jr., County Treasurer, and served till 1829, ten years. 
1888 ; David NoyeS, County Commissioner, and again in 
1841, served two years. 1838 ; Henry W. Millett, Sheriff, 
«nd again in 1841, served two yeai*s. 1842 ; Jonathan B. 
Smitli, County Commissioner, and served till 1846, four years. 
Jonadian Swift has been Senator in the State Legislature 
two years. 

I will now return back to the old tmck, and bdgin again 
with 1806. Tl«5 name of the town Clerk has how become 
,s>tei*e^pyed, and Vill rentain so for forty years. 



60 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

In 1806, Job Eaatman, Clerk ; Henry Rust, Treasurer; 
Joseph Rust, Anthony Bennett, and Aai'on Wilkins, Selectk 
men ; James French, Collector of taxes. 

Money tax, embracing State, County, and town, $816,11» 
Poll tax in the assessment, $1. Hi^&way tax, as assessed, 
$1016,68. Poll tax m the same, $2. Number of polls, 
181 ; scholars, 898. 

The following persons moved into town previous to the 
taking of the valuation for this year : John Wagg^ a Baptist 
minister, Ephraim Twombly , Willis Sampson, Aaron Shackley, 
Jonathan Pollard, Benjamin Peabody, Edward Oaks, Thomaa 
Judkins, Moses Houghton, Stephen Greenleaf, Holmes Doten, 
Thomas George. The following became of age, and were 
taxed in their own names : Anjier Tubbs, James Packai^d, Jr., 
Zcphaniah Frost, Frederick Coburn, who> came from Massa- 
chusetts in 18Gft with Ward Noyes, and was an apprentice at 
the carpenter and joiner business, Daniel Cummings, John 
Gummings. 

There was a total eclipse of the sun on the 16th day of 
June, and it was so dark that a few stars were visible ; birds 
acted as though they were retiring for night, and all things 
appeared gloomy and dark. 

Town officers in 1807 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Henry Rust,. 

Treasurer ; Aai-on Wilkins, William Parsons, and Cad F.. 

Jones, Selectmen ; James French, Collector of tiuxes. 

State tax for 1807, - - - ^107,8a 

County tax, - - - * - 89,54- 

Town tax, -^ - - - 750,0ft 

Deficiency of highway tax for 1806, - 37,4.3. 

Overlayings, - - - 29,89' 

Total amount of Collector's bills, - $1014,19' 

Highway tax, $1208,65. Poll tax on highway, $2, and ib 
money tax, $1,50. Number of polls, 184 ; scholars, 407» 

New immigrants into the town this year : Joseph Brad- 
bury, Isaac Lovejoy, Daniel Smith, Jonathan Shed, Jr., 



niSTORY OF NORWAY. 61 

Elijali Jordan, John GlifTord^ Francis Batcher, David Major, 
Increase Bobinson. Those arriving at twenty-one years of 
age, and taxed in their own names, were : James French, Jr., 
Jeremiah Hobbs, Jr., Jeremiah Hobbs, Sd, Benjamin Her- 
ring, Jr., Enoch Holt, William Pike, Joseph Stevens, Jr., 
Charles Stevens, Charles Tubbs, John Woodbridge, Cliarles 
Young, Alexander lUU. 

In May, this year, a shocking accident happened. Joel 
Stevens, Jr., and William Stevens, sons of Joel Stevens, and 
Francis Batcher, a hired man, went to a brook between the 
Mad pond and the Sand pond for the purpose of catching 
suckers, a kind of fish very plenty in that brook in the spring 
season. There was a large, high rock near the fishing-place, 
against which fishing-parties were in the habit of building 
fires, and there had been built a kind of camp for a shelter 
when not fishing. After fishing awhile, they laid down in the 
camp in front of the fire, when suddenly the rock split asun- 
der, ond a largo portion of it fell upon the camp, crushing it 
down upon them ; and William Stevens was so crushed by 
the weight of the rock, that he was carried home in a shock** 
ing condition, and lived about three days, suffering the most 
excruciating pain till his death. Joel Stevens was so con- 
fined down by parts of the camp falling on him, that he could 
not get out till Butcher, who fortunately was not confined, 
took their axe and chopped off the poles, and thus liberated 
him ; although considerably bruised, ho was not dangerously 
hurt. William Stevens was a very amiable, sprightly young 
man, and his sudden death was deeply lamented, not by his 
family only, but by all around him. A funeral sermon was 
preached by Noah Cresey, who came here as a preacher a few 
weeks previous, from the following text : ^' For man also 
knoweth not his time : as the fishes, that are taken in au 
evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the snare ; sa 
are the sons of men snared in an evil time, when it falletb 
suddenly upon them.'' — Ecclesiastes, ix., 12, I shall nev&r 



62 niSTOBY OF NORWAY. 

forget the fervor and solemnity of that discourse, and I then 
set it down in my mind that he wtis a man vrho could cut 
without patterns. But I shall speak more of him when I 
take up the religious affairs of the town. 

The school-house in district No. 1, or Gapt. Jones' district, 
was built in 1806 ; one in the Village in 1805 ; one in the 
Parsons district prior to 1800, time not exactly known ; one 
In the Bennett district about 1807, and one at Fuller's Cor- 
oier about the same time. 

A saw-mill was built by Jonathan Cummings on the outlet 
<of the little Pennessewassee pond ^ as early as 1804, and in 
1806 it was taken to pieces and moved down the stream a few 
rods ; but it never did a great business, and rotted down 
many years ago. 

In the spring or summer of this year, (1807) a flagrant 
outrage was committed by a British armed ship-of-theolino 
•on the United States frigate Chesapeake, from which tho 
British commander took three seamen, under the pretence 
that they were British subjects. Our government was highly 
incensed at the proceeding, and by way of putting the nation 
in a posture of defence, ordered a draft of one hundred thou- 
:8and militia. Capt. Anthony Bennett was ordered to mako 
the requisite draft from his company ; but he, thinking a 
sufficient number would volunteer their services, beat up for 
volunteers ; when, behold ! every man, with the exception of 
dne^ turned out, and he stood in no enviable position alone, 
where the ranks stood a few minutes before. Thus tho reader 
•oan see that the Maine boys were ready to resist tho right of 
search at that early day. The Captain finally had to mako 
the draft of. the requisite number, but happily, the drafted 
soldiers were never called for. I will here add that Capt. 
Anthony Bentiett performed his last military services in tho 
fall of this year. He was a carpenter and mill-wright, and 
Was at work on a mill at Citiigie's Mills, in Hebron, (now 
Ox&rd) when the staging gave away, and he fell upon hi& 



mSTOBY OF NOKWAY. 65 

broad axe, cutting his thigh in a shocking mannsr ; the in- ' 
flammation of the T?ound produced a mortification nrhibh caused 
his death October 28th. The soldiers lost a higMy-respected 
officer, and the town a highly-respected and useful citizen. 

In 1808, .town officera as follows : Job Eastman, Clerk ; 
Henry Rust, Treasurer ; Aaron Wilkins, Joshua Smith, and 
Cad F. Jones, Selectmen ; James French, Collector of taxes. 
Valuation of taxable property, $50,540.* Number of 
polls 193. 

State tax, . - . - $109,§3 

County tax, - - . - 96,62 

Sum voted hj the town, - - 630,00 

Deficiency ot highway tax in 1807, - 31,36 

Overlayings, - - . 87,71 

Overlayings in County tax, - - 4,86 

r 

Total money tax, - - - $909,78 

Jt appears by an old book that a tax bill for $i02,54 wa« 
committed to James French, dated Jan. 11, 1809, to be paid 
into the town timsury on or before the firat day of March 
next ; — ^thus making the whole money tax $1012,82, Ilighr 
way tax for same year, $1009,39. 

The following persons cami^ into town previous to this last 
valuation : Philip Abbot, WilBam Cox, Josiah Cbvel, John 
Haynes, Ephraim Packard^ Stephen Sanborn, Daniel l^own. 
The following are such as arrived to the age of twenty-onit:| 
Bobinson Ilobbs, Iloyt Fingrce,. Jacob llussell, Ebenczci 
Sancrofb. 

In the winter of this year a very sudden death occurred in 
the northwest school-district. At noon-time the boys, as is 
often the case, were playing goal, or " goold,*' as boys call it, 
and a Francis Major, a boy about fourteen years of ago, 
8tai*ted to go round, and Abial Holt, a boy on the other side, 
pursued him ; the snow-crust bore them very well, but Fran- 
cis slumped through very suddenly, and pitched forwai*d on. 
the crust ; he sprang agaiHi upon his &et, and instantly fell. 



64 HISTORT 07 NOBWAT. 

• 

on the snow a corpse. The writer was standing with the 
teacher, Mr. Thomas Wood, before the schooUhonse door, 
watching the game, and ran to him in two minutes from the 
time he fell, and there was no pulse to be felt, or any sign of 
life to be discerned. It was supposed by the doctor that the 
siidden jerk of the neck, as he fell, broke the pith, or spine, 
of the neck, which produced instant death. 

Town officers for 1809: Job Eastman, Clerk ; Henry Rust, 
Treasurer ; Joshua Smith, Gad F. Jones, and Nathan Noble, 
Selectmen ; Joseph Bradbury, Collector and Constable. 

At the annual meeting in March, the town voted to raise 

for the highway, ^ . . |1000,00 

In August an additional sum of - 150,00 

Subsequently a third tax of - - 190,00 

Total, . . - . $1840,00 

Money tax, including State, County, and town taxes, with 
overlaying, &c., $911,17. Value of taxable property, $50,- 
756. Number of polls 212 ; scholars 410. 
' The following persons came into towuiprevious to the taking 
of this valuation : Nathaniel Abbott, Timothy Abbott, Isaao 
Abbott, Isaiah Hall, Daniel Leighton, John Manchester, Ab- 
ner Stubbs, William Twombly, Jr., John Fifield, Samuel 
Nlite, Paul Lombard. The following became of age before 
this valuation was taken : William Foye, John Herring, 
Peter Everett, Jr., Amos Noble, John B. Everett, Henry 
Rust, 8d. 

This year the town of Norway sent its first Representative 
to the Legislature of Massachusetts, viz., Luther Forrar, Esq. 

Town officers for 1810 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Aaron Wil- 

kins. Treasurer ; Aaron Wilkins, Cad F. Jones, Solomon 

Millett, Selectmen ; Joseph Bradbury, Collector and Constat 

bio. Luther Farrar, Esq., Representative. 

Money tax, for State and town, - $898,46 

County tax not found, supposed, - 76,72 

Total, - . - - $975,18 



HISTOBT OV NORWAY. 65 

Highway tax, $1X)00. Number of polls 202 ; scholars 421. 
Number of inhabitants in .the town 1010, by the census. 

New immigrants : fieuben Brackett, George Bridgham, 
Thomas Crocker, Calvin Crocker, Daniel Cummings, Hum- 
phrey Cleaves, JBenjamin Eastman, Abiathar Eastman, Uriah 
Holt, Samuel Hall, Daniel Watson. The following becamo 
tof age previous to the taking of this valuation : David Noyes, 
Jacob French, Isaac F. Lovejoy, Thomas Pool, John Perry, 
Joseph Stevens, 8d, Amos Young. 

In September, this year, Benjamin Peabody's house was 
burnt in the night, about eleven .oVslock. The fire caught, as 
.was supposed, in tlie catting, or .topping out, of the chimney. 



CHURCH HISTORY. 

UNIYERSALIST DENOMINATION. 

I have as yet said nothing about the religious affairs of the 
plantations, or town, since its incorporation. But we are not 
to suppose that afiairs of a religious nature were wholly neg- 
leoted. By the laws of Massachusetts, at that time, towns 
having a certain number of inhabitants were obliged to havQ 
a certain quantum of preaching in each year ; and no other 
than the standing order, (as it was sometimes called) or 
^orthodox, or otherwise, the Congregational order, was considr 
ered as coining within the meaning of the law ; therefore all 
taxable persons were under the liability of being assessed for 
the support of preaching, whetlier the doctrine preached coin* 
cided withtheir particular religious sentiments or Aot. Hence, 
some little difficulties arose in regard to raising money to hire 
preaching. Under these circumstances, whether the law made 
the provision or not, the time soon arrived when it was no 
uncommon thing for individuals possessing religious sentiments 
different from the faith sanctioned by the State, to form them- 
selves into regular societies, and draw their tax back from the 
itown treasury, in order to apply it to the support of preach- 
ing adapted to their own sentiments. The following extracts 

5 



tf 



66 HISTOBT OV NORVAT. 

from the old Society record will show t^e stated of thingg io 
early days. Extract from the recoidbere follOiTB : 

November 20/A, 1798. 

Whereas it is oontomplated, as a ipitter of publick utility 
and advantage, to have the Doctrinc^of the Grace of God dis- 
pensed among mankind for their mutual comfort and edification, 
that they thereby understand the nature and character of their 
Creator God, may be lied' to put their trust in him at all times, 
and thereby feel their hearts incliqed to love him, and one 
another, and not only view in prospect, but know in reality 
how good and pleasant it is for Brethren to dwell together in 
unity — ^where all discord will cease, and party spirit Gome to 
an end. It is likewise contemplate to invite Brother Thomas 
Bams (who is a man of sobriety, and sustains a good moral 
character, whom we conceive to- have a good degr^ of under- 
standing in the Doctrine of the. Grace of God, and favoured 
with a gift to dispense the same- to Ids fellow-men) to move 
hia family into these parte, where it is conceived he would be 
of* groat use in the regulation of societies, whoge decorum, and 
good deportment would greatly adorn our pro£^pn. It is' 
furthermore considered expedient (lest we should bring a bur- 
den 6a hiiii iand his family unable to support) to assist him 
in pr6curing a place where his family may be comfortably 
Situated. 

We, therefore, who have hereunto subscribed, agree to be- 
Btoit lijpon him,, of freedom, and choice, the sum affixed to our 
names ; in case^he move his family into these parte for the 
purpose as abone— 

PARIS. NOBWAT. 



JiCvi Hubbard, Ten dolliirs. 
Daniel Staples, Ten dollars. 



Nathaniel Bennett, five dollars. 
Benj. Witt, five dollars. 
Levi Bartlett, five dollars. 
Anthony. Bennett, five dollars. 
Benj. Herring, five dollars. 
A true Copy from the original, 

Attest,, aOSEPa RUST, Clerk. 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 6T 

Wo, the subscribers, Inhabitants of Nor\ray and the adja- 
cent Towns, believing it to be the right aa well as the duty 
of men to join in society, and publickly, at stated times and 
seasons unite in the worship of the onlj liying and true God, 
and as some of us have made voluntarj provision for the sup- 
port of a publick Teacher of piety, religion and morality ; wo 
do agree to establish an annual meeting, and also to appoint 
other Society meetings as shall be thought proper by the sub* 
scribers for the purpose of choosing a publick teacher, or 
teachers, a Clerk and Committee, and other officers as shall 
bo thought necessary by the subscriber for the peace and 
good order of the society ; we also agree that at such society 
meetings subscriptions shall be opened for the purpose of de- 
fraying the expenses of the society, such as the Buildingy or 
Hiring a convenient place for publick worship, for the support 
of publick tea<;hers and other expenses, which may arise 
according to the vote of the society, which subscription shall 
be disposed of by tho vote of the society ; each subscriber 
having an equal right to vote in this, and all other matters 
that pertain to the regulations of this society ; and we do 
agree as Disciples of Jesus Christ to live in peace among our- 
selves ; Claiming no right to exercise authority over the con- 
sciences of each other in spiritual matters, but henceforth 
stand fast in the liberty -wherewith Christ hath made us free. 
And furthermore we agree that this Society composed of the 
following subscribers shall bear the appellation of the firat 
Beligious society in Norway, and subscribe ourselves '^ Chris- 
tian Independents" believing in the doctrine of the Salvation 
of cUl men by Jesus Christ 

March 2rf, 1799, 

Daniel Staples, Moris Shannon, Levi Bartlett, 

Levi liubbard, Samuel Ames, William White, 

William Babb, Anthony Bennett, Nathaniel Young, 

Elisha Cummings, Benjamin Herring, Joseph Rust, 

Iteiy. Witt, Nathaniel Bennett, Josiah Bisco. 

A true copy from the original. 

Attest, JOSEPH RUST, Clerk- 



68 HISTORT Of KOBWAT. 

The following receipt will show that Thomas Barnes liad 
really become a regular preacher in this society. 

Nomay, April 12/A, A. 75., 1800. 
Then settled with the Committee of the religious society 
in Norway, and received full compensation for my serrices as 
a preacher of the Gospel in that society for the year 1799. 
Signed Byrne, Thomas Barnbs. 

A true Copy from the original, 

Attest, JOSEPH RUST, Clerk. 
In 1801, I find the names on the record to be nineteen in 
number. It appears that this society erected a meeting-house 
in 1801, and probably covered the outside, and completed it 
in the course of the ensuing year. I find the following to 
prove its erection : 

Notification. — ^The Universalists, or the Christian Inde- 
pendent society of the towns of Paris and Norway are hereby 
Notified that their annual meeting will be held on Monday 
the tenth day of May next at the Meeting-house in Norway 
at 2 o'clock P. M., for the following purposes viz : 
1st, To choose a Moderator for said Meeting. 
2d, To choose a Clerk for the society for the ensuing year. 
8d, > To choose a Committee to transact the necessary busi- 
ness of the society. 

4th, To choose a Committee especially for the purpose of 
giving Certificates to those of the society, who may apply for 
the same, in order to obtain the money that they may be 
obliged to pay as Minister tax to any town Corporation, or 
: other society, who may presume to exercise authority over them. 
5th, To choose a Collector, and Treasurer for the society, 
and to transact any other business thought proper when met. 

Per order of the Committee. 
Norway, ^6th April, 1802. 

JOSEPH RUST, Society Clerk. 
A trub record. Attest, Joseph Rust, Clerk. 

When called to act on the fourth article, Anthony Bennett, 



HISTORY OP NORWAY, 09 

Josoi)h Host, Levi Bartlctt, vrcre chosen as said committee. 

In order to show the use of such a committee, I here insert 

an old document on the subject : 

We, the subscribers, Thomas Barnes, publick teacher of a 

society in the religious sect, or denomination called Univer- 

^ salists in the town of Norway, and Anthony Bennett and 

Joseph llust Committee of said society do hereby certify that 

Benjamin Tucker doth belong to said Society, and that he 

frequently and usually, when able, attends with us in our 

stated meetings for religious worship. 

I Thomas Barnes, 

Joseph Rust, 
Norway^ January Vlth^ 1803. Anthony Bennett. 

On the back of the foregoing certificate are the following 

endorsements : 

Norway^ Sept. 14/A, 1803* 

Sir, please to pay Mr. Thomas Bams sixtj^three cents it 

being Benjamin Tucker's proportion of Minister tax for the- 

year 1802. BENJAmN WITT, ) Selectmen 

NATHAN NOBLE, \ of Norway. 

• To Job Eastman, Esq., Tovm Treasurer. 

To Mr. WilKam Ilobbs Collector of the town of Norway, 

please to pay the contents of the underwritten order, and this 

riiall be received in the Treasury the same as cosh. 

Job Eastman, Treasurer. 

N. B. — The certificate was duly backed over by Tucker. 

The Baptist denomination laboi'cd under the same embar* 

rassments, as the following certificate will show : 

This certifies to whom it may concern, that John Parsons 

of Norway joined the Baptist Church of Christ in Paris in 

the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-six, and has, 

and, docs now attend publick woi-ahip with us. 

James Hooper, Minister. 

John Willis, } ^ ... 

PariSf June the 6, A. D., 1801. 



70 IIIBTORY OF NORWAY. 

It appears by the record, April 21, 1804, that tlie society 
Uumbored thiity-six. 

The meeting-house built in the Village was the first in the 
town, and as some (who ought to know) say, was the first 
Universalist church erected in the District of Maine. In 
1805, the Universalist Society of Paris and Norway was in-^ 
corporated by an act of the Legislature of Massachusetts; 
During several successive years things went along with the 
usual progress of matters, like all other societies. Mr. Barnes 
continued to preach with them, with occasionally some other 
preachers, and among others Sebastian Streeter. In 1822, 
there were forty paying members, (and such are, in all soci-^ 
cties, the best members.) Nov. 22, 1828, the society, having 
it in contemplation to build a new house, voted to sell the old 
one. Nov. 28, 1828, they voted to build a new house, and 
chose the following committee to superintend the building of 
the same : Nathaniel Bennett Elijah Hall, Asa Danfortli, 
Asa Barton, and Joshua Crockett Benjamin B. Murray 
became the preacher in this society a short time previous to 
building the new house, and continued till some time in the 
year 1882. The new house was finished and dedicated in 
1829. In 1388, the Bev. Henry Hawkins was invited to 
preach to the society, and continued its teacher and preacher 
for a short time. In 1837, Rev. Luke P. Rand was called 
by the society to become its religious teacher, and remained 
till some time in 1840. In 1838, there was a great revival 
in the society, and an addition of twenfy-six members was 
made, wliich was almost four times the number of its first 
founders. Soon after the withdrawal of Mr. Rand, tlie Rev. 
T. J. Teimey was invited to become the teacher of the soci- 
ety, and remained till 1846. In 1849, Rev. J. L. Stevens 
was called to become the pastor of the society, and continues 
with it up to the present time. In 1851, the society remod- 
elled and rededicated their house, and put into it an elegant 
organ. As a religious society it appears flourisliing. The 
paying members now number fifty-eight. 






HISTORY OJf NORWAY. 71 

Since the first organization of the society, very many of 
the old members have bid adieu to all sublunar things, and 
passed to the spirit land, '' from whose bourne no traveler 
returns ; " but their places seemed to be filled with others, 
(with many additions) who are springing up after them. 
May the society, and its teachers, ever enjoy the smiles and 
guidance of that Seing, '^ whose right it is to rule." 



OOKaREaATIOirAL DEirOMIirATipK. 

I now proceed to give some account of the Congregational 
church and society in Norway, as that was the next in order 
pf organization, except what was done to fulfil the require* 
monts of the law, before any society was formed. 

It seems, by the best authority within my reach, that Mr. 
Oould, some years afterwards settled in Bethel, was the first 
minister that was hired to preach in the town ; and it being 
summer-time, he preached in Jeremiah Hobbs' barn — length 
of time unknown. A minister by the name of Chapman^ 
who probably rosicbid in Bethel, used sometimes to pass through 
the town, and preached a few times ; and occasionally a mis* 
sionary made a visit, and ministered to the people. Mr. 
fTathan Merrill, of Gray, a Baptist preacher, sometimes vis- 
ited the settlement, even before its incorporation, and generally 
preached when he came here ; he likewise solemnized severul 
of the first man^ages in the place. 

A minister by the name of Stoddard, about 1801 or 1802, 
preached for a considerable time, and the people were so well 
satisfied, that they came to the conclusion to settle him ; but 
some things derogatory to his character as a preacher coming 
to light, they finally dismissed him from any further duty— 
as they believed him to be a wolf in sheep^s clothing, who 
might devour some of the lambs. Mr. Stoddard was proba- 
bly mtty^ if not good ; and thinking (rightly too) that Gapt. 
Jonathan Gummings exerted considerable influence adverse to 
his settlement in the town as a minister of the gospel, on 



72 HISTORY or NORWAY. 

preaching what be termed his farewell aermon, he paid rather 
a sarcastic compliment to Cummings. He pretended to have 
had a remarkable dream, and obtained the latest news front 
the infernal regions. Beelzebub, the Prince of Devils, had 
hastily summoned a grand council of his co-workers in evil, 
to consult on the furtherance of his nefarious designs. He 
stated to his compeers that he had received intelligence that 
the town of Norway, on this earthly ball, was about to settle 
a ministejT of the gospel, and that there must be some plan 
contrived to prevent such a terrible obstacle to his ownunile 
and reign in poor Norway. After much elaborate discussion, 
his Satanic Majesty ordered his best and ileetest horse to be 
brought up, while he was making hasty preparations for his> 
journey. In the meantime, some one of hi» sago counselors 
inquired of him if there was not some person in Norway who^ 
could bo furnished with an agency to do the business for him,., 
and save the journey. Ho began to deliberate on the subject,, 
and suddenly exclaimed, '^ yes I there is Jonathan Cum- 
mings ; I had at first forgotten that he was there ; he can dO' 
the business just as well as I can, so you may put up my 
horse again." And it seems he was not mistaken in his- 
agent, for ho has done the business just as well as his master 
could, had he come on purpose. 

On the 6th of October, 1802, the Congregational Churck 
was organized, and the following are the ^ ^Articles of Faith :" 

1st. — ^We believe that there is one God, who is the Creator, 
Lord, Governor and Judge, both of angels and men, and the' 
Sovereign Lord of providence and grace, and who is etenial,, 
self-existent, almighty, Infinite in knowledge, wisdom, love,, 
goodness and holiness. 

2d. — ^We believe that in the unity of the Godhead there' 
are three persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost ,- 
that these three are equal in power and glory, and that equal 
honour belongs to them. 

8J.— We believe that God made man in his own image in 



HISTORY OF NORWAY, T5 

moral rectitude ; that man fell by eating the forbidden fruity 
involving his whole posterity with himself in sin and ruin ; 
that all, who, by natural generation, are bom of fleshy ore 
depraved and children of death ; that no one without being 
born again, can enter into the kingdom of God. 

4th. — ^We believe that as God reserves falkn angels to the 
Judgment of the groat day, so ho might justly have left all 
mankind to everlasting death ; but in the riches of his sov- 
ereign love he gave his son to be bom and die for them ; 
raised him from the dead for their justification and salvation, 
and by his spirit keeps all, who truly believe, to eternal life 
in heaven. 

5th. — ^We believe the scriptures of the old and new testa- 
ment to bo the word of God ; and a revelation from him of 
his will and fimn^s dtUy^ and that it is a perfect mle both of 
faith and practice, teaching the true knowledge of God, the 
redemption of man by Jesus Christ, the justification of be* 
lievers by his righteousness, and the renovation of the elect 
by Ills Spirit. 

6th. — We believe that the Lord Jesus Christ requires the 
first day of the week to be sanctified as the Lord^s day ; that 
he has appointed his ministers to preach his word and to ad- 
minister christian ordinances, particularly baptism to believers 
iuid their seed, and the Lord's supper to Christ's family, as 
the memorial of his death, and that he requires secret, family, 
nnd publick worship of God, the singing of his praises, and 
the reading of his word, with the keeping of all his moral 
commands. 

7tli. — ^We believe that God does all things by Jesus Christ 
according to his eternal counsels and decrees, and requires 
inankind to do all acts of obedience, and worship in Christ's 
name and Avitli the assistance of his gi*ace, going always to 
God through Christ, and by the holy spirit. 

8th. — ^We believe that Christ, who is exalted at the right 
liand of the Father, and governs the world as head over all 



"li. HMTOBY OF KOBWAT. 

things to the church, will at the hist day descend from hessfen 
in glory with the holy angels, Vrill raise the dead, and jadge 
the world in righteousness, condemning the wicked according 
to their works to eternal death) and giving to the righteeaa 
eternal life in the kingdom, and blessed presence of 6od« 

Covenant. — In presence of the Holy (Jod, and in the be-* 
lief of the glorious truths of his word, we avouch the Lord 
Jehovah, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost to be our God, and do 
.^solemnly covenant with him, and promise, in dependence on 
his grace, to believe, worship, and obey him in all things, at 
;all times, according to his word ; making the scriptures ilie 
•supreme rule of our faith and practice ; honouring him in all 
his ordinances ; doing every duty in the name of Christ; re- 
lying on the grace of his spirit, and walking with his saints 
as joint members of Christ's body, keeping the unity of the 
spirit in the bond of peace, hoping in the Lord Jesus Christ| 
and waiting for his coming unto eternal life. Amen. 

The names of those who signed the Covenant : 

Joanna Upton, Amos Upton, 
Lydia Frost, Jacob Frost, 

Kachael Stone, Joseph Stone, 
Miriam Foster, Nathan Foster, 
Lydia Stone, Timothy Stone, 

Joanna Jones, Chad Wallader F. Joncdi 

Mary Bancroft, John Ilor, 
Huldah Case, Enoch Merrill, 

Benjamin Flint, 
Jonathan Gumey, 
Norway, October 6, 1802. 
The foregoihg confession of faith and covenant were assent- 
ed to, and signed by the subscribers, ^hose naines are above 
written, whom we declare to be a regular Churck of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, denominated the Church of Christ in Norway. 
Bone with the approbation, and in the presence of us Mis^ 

sionaries and Pastors of Churches. 

Enoch Hale, of West Hampton, 
Sbth Payson, of Binge, 
Jonathan Grant, of Hawley« 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 76 

October 6, 1802. The church being formed^ chose Timo- 
thy Stone Deacon, Moderator and Clerk. 

Enoch Halb, ) Missionaries. 
Jonathan Grant, ) ^'^«***«'^'^'«*' 

It appears that the church records were to be kept in the 
house of Amos Upton, who had previous to ibis time built 
himself a lai*go house for that day, ftnd for many years it was 
used as a place for religious meetings. He was a zealous 
professor, and spent much time in fitting his house with seats 
to accommodate those who attended meeting on the Sabbath. . 
On Saturday afternoon he would bring in blocks and planks, 
or boards, and arrange seats in his long kitchen, in prejmra* 
tion for meeting the next day. Mr. Joseph Martin was a 
good singer, and understood the rules of church psalmody well 
for that early day. Occasionally a missionary would come 
along, and stop iand preach a few Sabbaths with the church 
and people ; and sometimes a minister was hired/ to preach a 
Sabbath or two, or a month, and once or twice for three months. 

In 1803, Juno 24, 1 find there was a town order given to 
Timothy Stone, for money paid by him to Rev. Enoch Whip- 
ple, for preaching two Sabbaths, $10,00. And the same 
year, an order to Nathan Noble, for money paid by him to 
Rev. Mn Smith, for preaching one Sabbath, $5,00. In 
1805, there was an order given to Joseph Stevens, for money 
paid Mr. Spaulding, for preaching eight Sabbaths, at $6,50 
per Sabbath, $44,00 ; and another town order was given for 
boarding the said Spaulding, and horse, $16,00. 

Thus it appears that we were not entirely destitute of the 
preached word ; and when there wos no minister, the people 
assembled in Mr. Upton's house, and held what used to be 
called a Deacon's meeting ; there would be a sermon read, 
(the writer has read many in our Sabbath meetings,) and 
prayers ofiered up by some of the more gifted members of the 
church, and sii^ging, good enough. There were many good 
singers of the Wd sc/wol method of singing, and uncle Jo 



76 HiSTomr of norwat. 

Martin (a» yre used to call him) would give vs the pitch of 
the tone with his pitch-pipe, and we could Hiako first-nvto 
church melody of such tunes as Old Hundred, St. Martins, 
Wells, &c. 

In the summer-time, when there was a minister, the meet- 
ings were often, and usuallj, held ki* some bam — ^perhaps i» 
Jeremiah Ho])bs', or Esquire Eastman's — and the elderly 
people with the ladies generally occupied the lower part of 
the bam, while the boys and younger portion of the assembly 
ascended to the scaffolds. In such humble pkces of worship, 
the little swallows would twitter the pi*aises of Almighty God 
over our heads, while an attentive audience would eagerly 
listen to the words of tmth which flowed from the mouth of 
the speaker. 

Thus things went along till the early part of the spring of 
1807, when Noah Orescy came to Norway, and was employed 
to preach by the Congregational order. lie gave almost uni- 
versal satisfaction to all hearera, especially to those of his- 
own denomination ; but an attempt to settle him proved abor- 
tive, on account of there being many Universalists, Baptists^ 
and some few Methodists, who w'ere just beginning to appeal" 
amongst us as a religious sect. 

In 1808, Maj. Jonathan Cumming», though not a profe^or 
of any particular order of religion, undertook, on his own 
i*esponsibility, to buikl a Congregational meeting-house, on^ 
the same site now occupied for a similar house. The building, 
ing was large — ^forty-eight feet by sixty, and thirty feet posts. 
It was raised early in July, and nearly finished in that and 
the succeeding year. 

The attempt to settle Mr. Crcsoy having failed, only served 
to stimulate the church and society, and they then applied to 
the Legislature for an act of incorporation. They finally 
obtained their request, as will be seen by the following act : 

An Act to incorporate a religious society in the town of 
Norway : 



HISTOBY OP NORWAY. 77 

8sCT. 1. — Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep- 
resentatives' in General Court assembled, and bj the authoriiy 
of 'the^ame; That the following persons, viz., Joseph Brad- 
bury, Job Eastman, Joel Stevens, Cad W. F. Jones, John 
Uor, Benjamin Fuller, James Flint, Joshua Crockett, Jona- 
than Bottle, Darius Wilkins, Eliphalot Watson, Silas Mcriam, 
John Pike, Aaron Wilkins, Amos Hobbs, Amos Town, Increase 
B.obinson, Asa Nojes, Enoch Holt, William Lessley, Ward 
Noyes, John Needham, Stephen Pingree, Jr., Micah Upton, 
Jonathan Gumey, Joseph Martin, Benjamin Flint, Bx)binson 
Hobbs, Enoch Merrill, Joel Frost, Thomas Wood, Jeremiah 
Hobbs, Jeremiah Hobbs, Jr., Daniel Hobbs, Jeremiah Hobbs, 
•Sd, Jonas Stevens, Jr., John Case, Daniel Holt, Jacob Bus- 
sell, Frye Lovejoy, Ephraim Twombly, Francis Butcher, 
Dustin Patch, Zephaniah Frost, Philip Abbott, John Ordway, 
Jacob Frost, Daniel Town, Amos Upton, Amos Upton, Jr., 
Jonathan Shed, Jonathan Cummings, Luther Farrar, William 
Hobbs, Benjamin Peabody, Amasa Lessley, Joseph Stevens, 
Jr., Moses Ayer, Elijah Flint, Amos Cummings, Jonas Ste- 
vens, Nathan Noble, Ebenezer Watson, Stephen Bartlett, 
Timothy Stone, Nathan Foster, Isaac Lovejoy, Ebenezer 
Bancroft, together with their families and estates with them, 
be and they are hereby incorporated into a Society by the 
name of the Congregational Society in Norway, with all the 
power, privileges and immunities to which other Religious 
Societies are entitled by the Constitution and laws of this 
Commonwealth. 

Sect. 2. — Be it further enacted that any Justice of the 
Peace in the County of Oxford is hereby authorized and eni- 
powered to issue his warrant directed to some suitable inhab-^ 
itant of said town of Norway requiring him to notify and 
warn the members of said Congregational Society to meet at 
such convenient time and place, as shall be expressed in said 
Wammt for the purpose of choosing such officers as Parishes 



78 HISTORY 07 NORWAT. 

are by lav empowered to choose at their annual meetings in 
the months of March or April. 

In the House of Bopresentatiyes Feb. 25, 1809. Thia 
Bill having had three seyeral readings passed to be enacted. 

Timothy Biqelow, Speaker. 

In Senate Feb. 28, 1809. This Bill haying had two sey- 
eral readings passed to be enacted. 

H. G. Otis, President. 

Approyed March 1, 1809^ Levi Lincoln. 

Secretary's Office^ March 7, 1809. 
True Copy. Attest Wm. Tudor, 

Sec, of Commofiwealih. 

The first annual meeting of the society Bnder their act of 
incorporation, was called oxi the tenth day of April, 1809, 
and measures were taken to giye Mr. Cresey a call to become 
tlieir pastor and teacher, and to be ordained oyer the church 
and society at some suitable time. Jjx accordance with tliis 
resolution, the following Committee waa choeen to carry this 
matter into effect : Job Eastman, Nathan Noble, Joseph Ste- 
yens, and John Hor. They forthwith addressed to him the 
following Call : 

To Mr. Noah Cresey, Candidate for the Gospel Ministry. 
Dear Sir: — The church and people of the Congregational 
Society in the town of Norway, being united in their desires, 
to haye you continue with them to preach and administer to 
them the ordinances of the Gospel, and as a manifestation of 
their attachment to you as their teacher and instructor in di« 
yino truth, their approbation of your walk and conyersation, 
their thanks for your loye and labour with them in the Gospel 
hitherto — ^Haye at a legal meeting held on the tenth day of 
April Inst, by said society, unanimously yoted to renew their 
inyitation for you to settle, and be ordained as Pastor and 
Minister oyer said church and society. And for your encour- 
agement to settle and labour with tliem in the Gospel, do 
agree and engage to pay you two hundred and sixty-six doU 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 75) 

lars mi. skty-sovcn cents as your salary for tlio first year ; 
And odd sixteen dollars and sixty-seven cents yearly, until 
the sum amounts to three hundred and thirty-three dollar^ 
and thirty-four cents to be your stated salary, so long as you 
shall labour with the church and society in preaching the 
Gospel, and administering the ordinances thereof ta their sat- 
is&ction as a teacher, and you be satisfied in them as a people 
under your care and charge. And for your further encour- 
agement, do Agree to pay you three hundred dollars as a 
settlement, to be paid in labour and materials for erecting; 
buildings for yourself in said town of Norway as you may 
want. And may God direct you in the path of duty, and 
grant you all noeded aid and assistance whereby you may bo 
enabled to came unto the church under your care and charge 
from time to time in tlie fullness of the blessing of the Gospel 

of peace. Job Eastman, 1 Committee 

Nathan Noble, I of the 
Joseph Stevens, ' Congregational 
John IIor, J Society. 

Norway, AprU 18, 1809. 

A true record. JOB EASTMAJT, Clerk. 

yAftor taking a short time for consideration of the subject, 
'Hr. Gxfi&ejr returned the following answer to the aforesaid 
Call : 

To flie Congregational church and society in. Norway : — 
Bretiueien and Eriends, OS you have renewed, your invita- 
tion expitessing as you have formerly done^ a dfisire to have 
me beoome your Pastor and teacher, I now proceed to com- 
municaj;eimy aoswer to the same. 

The IGlospel is at once the most glorious and important 
object, which ever engorged the attention of man. It origi- 
nated inih.0 Jove and compassion of God: and is now in 
bpeitktioojin the woifld for the merciful purpoaa of destroying 
sin, of ireclaiming fallen men, and guiding them to Heaven 
.^aud eternal hapjiiuQaa. From the instruQtm of this Gospcl| 



80 DISTORT OF NORWAY. 

which has been ordered to be preached in the world, repulta 
that important roLition, whicli BubBists between a minister and 
people. Iq forming a connexion of this nature, serious great 
and interesting consequences approach in view. Though this 
connexion may dissolve, yet the consequences resulting from 
it remain eternal. A Minister should not choose to take the 
charge, and moral instruction of a people for any other pur^- 
pose tlian to advance the Glory of God, and to seek the 
salvation and happiness of immortal souls. And a people in 
settling a Gospel minister should be actuated by the sincere 
and laudable motives of gaining spiritual knowledge, and pro- 
moting their future peace and wdl&re. 

You have invited me to an important situation, to take upon 
me a solemn charge, to engage in a work, in which the Glory 
40f God, the prosperity of Zion, and your own salvation aro 
deeply concerned. Here my thoughts extend beyond tho 
grave and biing into view the interesting realities of eternity. 
I c^hrink from the sacred and solemn task. This is a great 
resolution to form, it is a weighty trust to devolve on a mortal. 
After much serious consideration upon your situation, and the 
sincere attachment, which you have manifested to me, in an- 
swer to your invitation as an incorporated society I cordially 
consent to become your Pastor and teacher ; praying that the 
Lord would make mo a faithful embassodour of Jesus Christ ; 
that he would grant his blessing to our expeeted union, and 
make it a means of promoting his glory and our eternal 
salvation. Noah Crbsey. 

A true record. Attest JOB EASTMAN, Clerk. 

In the njeantimo^ M^j- Cummings was pushing tlie building 
of the ipeeting-h<we along rapidly. The time fixed for Mr. 
Cresey's ordination was the twentieth day of Sept., 1809, 
The affiiirs of the church and society were going along very 
prosperously, and bpith minister and people indulged pleasing 
janticipatio^s in ro^rd to their future prospects. 

It will be recollected that the society was to give Mr. Cresey 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 81 

m 

J 

$300 as a settlement, to be paid in materials and labor towards 
erecting buildings ; and in the summer of 1809 he erected a 
house on the hill above the meeting-house. It was raised in 
August. 

In old times, in this town, it was a custom at the raising 
of buildings, when the frame was completely up, to have what 
was called a name for the frame, which was always cither a 
poetic couplet, or several verses, according to the taste or 
inclination of the person giving the name. The ceremony 
of naming a frame was as follows : The hands on the frame 
paraded either on the ridge-pole, or front plate, and the two 
pcreons who were to bo tho speakers were stationed, one at 
each end ; a bottle of good liquor was sent up by the owner, 
and after it had passed from one end of the frame to the 
other, one of the speakers sung out, "Here's a fine frame, 
that deserves a good name, and what shall we call it ? " The 
other speaker then gave tlie name, and when through, tho 
first cried out, "Will that do?" Those on the ground 
answered, " yes ! " Tho hands on tho frame then gave 
three rousing cheers, which were responded to by three more 
from those on tho ground ; tlien one closing cheer from tho 
frame, and the bottle of liquor was thrown from the frame by 
the person who gave the name. The circumstance of raising 
a house for a favorite minister called forth the following poetic 
effusion for a name from one of the boys — D. Noyes. 

It 's customary in this town 

Our buildings for to name— 
I Ml thank you all who are standing round 

To listen to the same. 

And since the task I undertake, 

A name for to compose, 
Don't censure me if I mistake, 

And do myself expose. 

According to the owner's will 
We 've raised this stately frame ; 



82 HI8T0RT 07 VORWAT. 

May loTe and' friendship ever fiU| 
And peaca adorn the same. 

Long life and health may he enjoy, 
And sweet oontentment find ; 

And in God*s woilc find full esApbf 
To exercise his mind. 

« 

As the good shepherd guards hisk shoep^ 
In danger them protects, 

So may this man his fulluwers keop, 
Through life their steps direct. 

The sacred desic long may he fill» 
With honor and applause ^ 

May he he fired with Heav'nly zeal 
To aid Religion's cause. 

A pattern of true piety 

I hope this man will stand ; 
And instrumental may he be 
" In saving fallen man. 

In days of old, the Isiaelites 
Were through the wilderness 

I^d by a cloud, and fire by night,, 
Safe to the land of rest. 

A fire by night, and cloud by day^ 
Instead of, may he stand, 

- To gM^ manlcind in the right way 
Safe to the Heavenly land. 

May good success his works attend,, 
And wisdom him direct. 

The way of truth may he defend,. 
And error's ways reject. 

And may the aged quickly break 
Off fiom their vicious ways, 

The young their vanity forsake 
Now in their youthful days^ 



BISTORT OF NORWAY. 83 

And if he with some maiden fair " 

In wedlock's bonds shall join, "^ 

May joy attend the happy pair-— 
May they much comfort find. 

In peace and plenty may they live 

While they on earth shall dwell ; 
In virtuous actions may. they strive 

Each other to excel. 

Easy and calmly may they sail 

O'er life's tempestuous sea, 
And wafted by each gentle galo 

In peace and harmony. 

Through life may he act well his part. 

With honor quit the stage, 
Possessed of a virtuous heart. 

And crowned with good old age. 

And since this stately frame we 've raised. 

We '11 gay and cheerful be ; 
With civil mirth we '11 end the day 

In peace and harmony. 

The good West-India round this frame 

In plenty shall appear, 
With cheerful hearts we 'II drink the same, 

Our spirits for to cheer. 

I hope in peace we all shall part 

When we have spent the day : ^ ' 
Here 's health to all with all my heart«-r' 

So I no more will say. 

So much for raising. Now for ordination. 

At a legal meeting of the Congregational society, holden on 
We<lhcsday, Aug. 80th, voted to choose a Committee to agree 
with some person to entertain the Council appointed to ordain 
Mr. Noah Crcsey to the Pastoral care of the Congregational 
church and people of Norway. Chose Messrs. Joseph Ste- 
vens, Nathan Noble, and Amos Hobhs. 



84 HISTORY OP NOEWAY. 

Voted that Mr. Benjamin Eastman be President of the 
singing on the ordination day, and that Joseph Martin, Amos 
Gummings, and William Hobbs be a Committee to assist and 
advise "with the President for the good regulation of singing 
on said daj. Voted that the foregoing Committee advise with 
Mr. Cresey and agree upon auch measures as shall be thought 
proper, and requisite with respect to waiting upon the Council 
to the Meeting-house &c. Also voted that Mr. Ephniim 
Twombly bo Marshal of the day, and Jeremiah Ilobbs 8d and 
Ebonezer Watson be assistant Marshals to prevent disorderly 
conduct at the Meeting-house by tlironging the doors, crowd- 
ing, or any indecent or irregular behaviour. 

A true record. Attest JOB EASTMAN, Clerk. 

Thus the reader can plainly perceive that the ordination 
was viewed as a great and important affair. And truly it 
wns at that day. It was a day of solemn, serious considera- 
tion to the religious portion of the community, and a day of 
hilarity -to the younger portion. 

The long-anticipated day arrived ; the large meeting-house 
was filled to overflowing ; the services were solemn and de- 
vout ; the singing first-rate ; the conduct of the crowded 
audience was very orderly -and still ; and finally, everything 
went off in grand style, and every face beamed with the 
expression of delight. 

After the religious services of the day were over, many of 
the young people repaired to the new hall of Mr. William 
Hobbs, a few rods from the meeting-house, and 'Gripped the 
light, fantastic toe " to the music of Thomas Wood's fiddle — 
who, by the way, was a first-rate violin-player, both for sacred 
and convivial music. 

The society then numbered about seventy, and additions 
continued to be made for several years following ; although 
there was once in a while a loss by withdrawal or by death. 

On the 28d day of October, 1809, the committee appointed 
by said society for the purpose of regulating singing on days 



HISTORY OP NORWAY. 85 

• 

of divine worship, made choice of Benjamin Eastman, fii-st 
chorister, Joseph Martin, second, Thomas Wood, third, and 
Amos Gummings, fourth. 

From 1809 to 1813, and after, the afiaii^ of the society 
moved along in a broad and smooth channel, with scarce an 
obstacle to cause the smallest ripple. It was in die zenith of 
its glory, and it is a pUj/ it could not Lave sustained its ele- 
vated position ; but the love of some began to wax cold, and 
things did not seem so flattering as at first. Nov. 1, 1819, 
agreeable to an adjournment, tlie society met, and heard the 
report of the committee chosen to consult the llev. Noali 
Crescy with respect to his preaching for the future — a part 
of the time with the society in Norway, and the other pai-t in 
Paris, as should be agreed upon by the two societies ; the 
report was as follows : That the Rev. Noah Cresey did not 
see cause to give a direct answer. They then tried the vote 
to see if the society would raise money to pay the Rev. Noah 
Cresey*s salary the ensuing year, which vote was in the neg- 
ative. The society tlien votCMl that their former committee, 
viz., Joseph Bradbury, Jonathan Gummings, and Deacon 
John Ilor, should inform Mr. Grcsey the result of said 
meeting. — Extract from the record. 

It fully appears by the records that no serious cause for 
any misunderstanding existed between Mr. Gresey and the 
church and society ; but as the society, from various causes, 
liad greatly diminished, the remaining members thought the 
burden rather heavy, and possibly some few were willing to 
have a change. 

Soon after the oixlination of Mr. Gresey, aa early as May 
18, 1810, the church chose John Hor a deacon, in conjunc- 
tion with Timothy Stone, who wjis chosen at the organization 
of the church. On the 20th of May, the following additions 
were made to the church, viz., Daniel Watson, and Polly, his 
wife, Abiathar Eastman, and Susan, his wife, Polly Watson, 
wife of Ebenezer Watson, and Sophia Cresey, wife of Noah 



86 HI6T0BT OV KOBVATi 

Gresey. May 19, 1811, the following were added : Lttthel* ' 
Farrar, and Mercy A. Farrari his wife, Tabathy Bradburyi 
wife of Joseph Bradbury, Betsey Flint, wife of James Flinty 
and Joel Frost. Job Eastman, and Sarah, his wife, were at 
the same time received into full fellowship, on a letter of 
recommendation from the church in Fryeburg. Twenty-one 
members were added to the church, from the settlement of 
Mr. Gresey, up to May 24, 1816 ; and at that date, Jona-' 
than Gumey and Benjamin Herring, Jr., were chosen deacons 
in the church. Sixteen members more were added previous 
to Dec. .7, 1819, on which day, according to a previous ar-' 
rangement made between Mr. Gresey and the church and 
society, an ecclesiastical council met at the house of Mr. Gre*3 
sey, for the purpose of sundering the relation between him 
and the church and society over which he had long been 
settled. 

On the 29th of Nov., the church and society chose Joseph 
Bradbury, Jonathan Gummings, and Deacon John Hor, a 
committee to appear before the council, which was to convene 
on the 7th of December. The Council met as arranged, and 
was composed of the following members : From Bridgton, 
Rev. Nathaniel Ghurch, Brother Ezra Gould, delegate ; Wa-« 
terford. Rev. Lincoln Ripley, Deacon Ephraim Ghamberlain, 
delegate ; Bethel, Rev. Henry Sewul, Deacon Samuel Bai-ker^ 
delegate; Otisfield^ Rev. I. G. Merrill^ Deacon Elias Han- 
cock, delegate. Gouncil chose Rev. Nathaniel Church, 
Moderator^ and Rev. I. G.^ Merrill, Scribe; and after dud 
deliberation and hearing a full statement of both sides of the 
question, closed a long report as follows : 

^' Happy in finding nothing alleged against the character 
of the Rev. Noah Gresey, as a reason for his dismission, and 
as we know nothing ol the kind ourselves. We cordially 
recommend him to the Christian charity and fellowship of 
Crod's people wherever in Divine Providence he may 1x5 called. 
We now humbly, and with fervency commend our Rev* 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 87 

Brother, and ihid church and Bociety to God, and to the word 
of his grace, which is able to build yott up and to give jou 
ofti inheritance among all them that are eanctified." 

Voted unanimously to accept this report. 
Signed in behalf of the Council, 

Nathaniel Ohurgh, Moderator 
Isaiah G. Merrill, Scribe. 

Thus wo see very strong, if not the strongest, religious 
ties sundered without the imputation of a single &ult ; so we 
must conclude that the occurrence happened from no other 
cause than that the '' love of many waxed cold." And while 
writings the message which St John was commanded to write 
to the church of Ephesus bears so strongly upon my mind 
that I must quote the latter port of it : '' Nevertheless, I 
have somewhat against thee, because thou hast left thy first 
love. Bemember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and 
repent, and do the first work ; or else I will come unto thee 
quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, 
except thou repent." 

I have thus touched on the most important events up to 
the time of Mr. Gresey's dismissal ; but I must, in justice to 
him, and my own feelings, say a few irords about him in an* 
other sphere, than as a preacher. Previous to his coming into 
the town, our schools, and all ciducational affairs, were at a 
low ebb. Our school teachers were picked up wherever they 
could bo found, and many of them wore very limited in their 
literary acquirements* The first settlers had found hard work 
to get along with their families, and erect comfortable build* 
ings, and in most cases were unable to incur much expense in 
educating their children ; although they felt anxious to do all 
in their power, still there seemed to be something wanting to 
produce the desired efiect. But Mr. Cresey seemed to bo 
ilistrumental, under Providence, in greatly improving our 
affairs in regard to education. He went into our town schools 
as a teacher, winter after winter ; he taught five days and a 



83 * HI8T0BT OF NORWAY. 

half in a week, and wrote Lis two sermons in the evenings, 
and on Saturday afternoon. As soon as he got into his house, 
he took many schokrs there, and instructed them in all the. 
diiferent branches of education usually taught in our first 
academies, and particularly such branches as were necessary 
to fit them for teachers. In fact, he seemed to infuse a real 
thirst after knowledge into the minds of all who were within 
reach of the influence of his exertions. It was but a few 
years after he came amongst us bcforo we hod good tcachei'S 
of our own to instruct all our own schools, and as many more 
to send into the neighboring towns. Ho thus gave a strong 
and lasting impulse to education, the effects of which were 
felt for many yeara, and, in some degree, to the present day. 
Our school laws were not very definite at that day, but not« 
withstiinding, ho visited all our schools with a fatherly care, 
and his influcnco was as great and as useful as though tho 
town had paid him fifteen or twenty dollars per year. The 
writer received much of his education under the instruction 
of Mr. Cresey, and will ever retain a lively sense of his 
kindness, and of his assiduity in imparting instruction in every 
desired branch of study. The following persons studied more 
or less under his tuition — about the same time and subse- 
quently : Dr. John Grovcr, Bethel, Rev. Asa Cummings, 
Portland, Jacob French, deceased. Rev. Josiah Haugton, 

_ t 

Hon, T. J. Carter, Levi Stowell, Esq., Rev. Sylvanus Cobb, 
Samuel Cobb, Esq., Samuel Hilbourn, and S. B. Hilbourn, 
of Minot, and many others belonging to Norway, and from 
other towns. 

Immediately after the dismissal of Mr. Cresey, the church 
and society began to concert measures to supply preaching. 
August 4, 1820, I find Robert Page, Jr., (a candidate for 
settlement in the ministry,) was chosen as Moderator, in. a 
church-meeting ; he continued to preach with them a few 
months — ^the time not exactly known. 

August 10, 1821, 1 find, at a regular meeting of the Con- 



HISTORY OP NORWAY. 89 

grcgational Church, the Rev. Joseph Walker was chosen 
Moderator. This sho^TS about the time Mr. Walker began 
his ministerial labora in Norway ; and it appears on the lOtb 
of Nov., 1821, the church and societj^ voted to give him a 
call to settle with them, in connection with the Congregational 
Society in Paris, and to preach one-half of tlie time, alter- 
nately, in each place. The call was formally given on the 
12th of Nov., and an answer in the affirmative returned Nov. 
27th. But the records do not say when the ordination took 
place, nor where. 

The membera of the society at this time numbered about 
seventy ; and the number admitted into the church from the 
dismissal of Mr. Crcsey up to the close of Mr. Walker^* 
labors, appears to be sixteen; and it seems that his labors 
closed about the beginning of the year 1826, as I find that 
on July 6; 1826, '^ at a regular meeting of the church, voted 
that 11. A. Merrill be requested to take the records, and act 
OS Scribe of the church." 

"Sept. 6, 1826. After preparatory lecture, 18 active 
members present. Voted, unanimously, to adopt as their 
Creed and Covenant^ the printed copy adopted by many of 
the Congregational Churches in this County. 

Attest H. A. Merrill." 

I find in the Society records of Sept. 19, 1826—" Met 
agreeable to adjournment. Voted, 1st, to give the llev. 
Henry A. Merrill an invitation to settle over the Congi*ega- 
tional Church and Society in Norway for five years from the 
second of April last past." 

Chose, by the church, Joseph Bradbury, Deacon Benjamin 
Herring, and Joel Frost, a committee to extend a Call to Mr. 
Mcn'ill to settle. 

It appeal's the said committee performed the duty devolving 
on them, and received an answer in the affirmative ; and the 
same Committee were appointed to wait on the Council to be 
convened at the dwelling-house of William Hobbs, on Tuesday 



90 BISTORT OT NORWAY. 

the first day of November, for the installation of the Revi 
Henry A. Merrill over the Congregational church and society 
in Norway. 

I find no definite record of the time when Mr. Morrill 
closed his ministerial labors, but it was, probably, about the 
ei^d of the year 1834. Near the commencement of Mr. Mer- 
rilPs ministration, or soon after, there seemed to be a great 
awakening, and nineteen (all females but three) were added 
to the church ; and during the remainder of his labors, up- 
wards of thirty more — some of them by recommendation, but 
mostly by profession. Some severe cases of discipline oc- 
currod, as is almost always the case in all churches and 
families. On the 16th of Nov., 1884, I find a committee 
was chosen to settle with Mr. Merrill, and confer with liim in 
calling a council for his dismission. 

The next thing, above common-place afilurs, is a '^ meeting 
of the Church at tlio dwelling-house of Williain Ilobbs, Sept. 
15, 1886. Voted to raise a standing Committee to examine 
Candidates for admission into the Church. Chose Rev. 
Charles Soule, Dea. John Hor, Dea. Benj. Herring, and 
Joel Frost" 

Thus it appears that Bev. Charles Soule had commenced 
his labors as a preacher previous to this time; and was in- 
stalled June 7th, 1887, under a contract for five years. The 
records are rather meagre during this time, but from personal 
knowledge, I am convinced that affairs moved along about in 
their ordinary channel ; nothing very remarkable ocourring 
either in the church or society, excepting the taking down of 
the old meeting-house, built by Maj. Jonathan Cummings, in 
1808-09, and building a new house on the same site. The 
new house is much smaller than was the old one, and is very 
htttidsomely finished ; it Vould accommodate the society as 
well as any other house, if they chose to be so accommodated. 

At a legal meeting of the Congregational society, held ou 
the 2d day of July, 1845, they proceeded as follows i 



mftTORt 0? !I0UWA¥. 91 

Ist, Choso Dudley Woodbridge, Moderator. 

2d, Chose Simon Stevens, Clerk, James ]^int, Jacob 
Bradbury, and Amos T. Holt, Assessors, and Simon Noble) 
Treasurer. 

8d, Voted that the arrearage of interest on the ministerial 
fund up lo May, or June, last, be paid to Rev. Mr. Soule. 
Voted that the assessors get up a subscription to hire the 
Rev. Charles Packard to preach six ireeks, alternately, at 
the Congregational meeting-house at the center of the town, 
and in the Village. Voted that the Clerk write in behalf ot 
the Society to the Rev. Mr. Packard, when the money shall 
have been raised to pay him. 

At this meeting it appears th&t twenty members were add- 
ed to the BoCif^ty* 

On the 17th of Feb., 1846, I jBnd it "vptcd that the 
Congregational Church aild Society in Norway give the Revi 
Charles Packard a call to becettie thehr Pastor for the term 
of five yeard." 

It appoard by a subsequent irecord, undel* date of April 7, 
1846, that the committee extended an invitation to Mr. Pack-» 
ord to settle over the church atid society for five years, and 
received an answer in the affirmative ; the first Wednesday in 
May, following) was fixed on as the day of ordination. 

Mr. Packard continued to labor with the church and society 
till the spring of 1850, and was succeeded by the Rev. H. 
W. Strong, who is the present pastor and teacher. During 
Mr. Packard's ministry, fourteen members were added to the 
church, and four more since Mr. Strong commenced preaching 
in the place* The whole number of members of the churchy 
of both sexes, at this time, is one hundred and five. 

The much-laraontcd Luther Farrar, Esq., previous to his 
lleath in 1812, bequeathed $20 to the Congregational church, 
for tho express purpose of purchasing suitable vessels fott 
their Communion Service ; which sum was promptly paid 
T)ver, oiid appropriated for the purpose intended by the donor. 



92 niSTORT OF.NORWAT. 

It appears tbat a Sabbath School Society, in the Gongro' 
gational church, was organized May 11, 1822, and continued 
in operation, during the summer season, until the 12th of 
May, 1882, when it underwent a now organization, and be* 
came an auxiliary to the Sabbath School Union. A Tract 
Society was also organized Nov. 29th, 1827, for the gratuitous 
distribution of religious tracts among the families of the town. 

There is a small '^ ministerial fund" belonging to the Con- 
gregational society, which accrued from the sale of land 
granted for that purpose by the State, when a part of Massa- 
chusetts. It produces only $11 per annum at tliis time. 



BAPTIST DENOMIVATZON. 

The Baptist church and society claim the next notice in 
point of time ; , and though their number is not so large as 
those ak'cady noticed, yet in this town they have always 
mahitaincd a very steady and consistent course. Not being 
in possession of the records of the society, I shall avail my- 
self of the Minutes of the Oxford Baptist Association, so far 
as relates to the Baptist church in Noi*way ; they were fur- 
nished me by Elder Beubcn Milner. 

'^ A small church was constituted, consisting of ten mem- 
bers, in 1806. The original membera were dismissed from 
the church in Paris in order to form a church in Nonvay. 
For several years Baptist Ministers visited the place with 
little success, as this was one of the strong-holds of eri*our, 
and the pure gospel was disregarded by a majority of the 
people ; yet the gospel has pi*ovod the power of God to the 
salvation of many souls. 

Pastors. — The first pastor wad John Wagg, who was 
ordained October, 1806, and oiBciated until 1809, with small 
success. Elder John Ilaynes was chosen Pastor in 1827, 
and resigned in 1886. During this period a considerable 
number were added to the Church. Reuben Milner was 
received as Pastor the same year, and continued till Mai*ch, 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 93 

1845, Tvlicn Joseph B. Mitchell, a hcentiato frOm Boston^ 
preached for the church one year, and tlien was dismissed. 
Since that time B. Milner has supplied the church most of 
the time till the present. 

Places op worship. — Previous to 1829 the church had 
no regular place of worship. They now began to feel that it 
was time to open a public sanctuary. Towai-ds accomplishing 
this object Mr. John Bust (a son of the old pi*oprietor of 
Bustfield) a worthy member of the church, made the first 
sacrifice by the gift of a lot of land, on which to build a 
mccting-houso. The church encouraged by tliis act of pious 
interest, pui'chascd the niccting-house owned by the Univcr- 
salists, and moved it to the spot given by Brother Bust, and 
it now remains their place of worship. 

Officers of tub church — Clerks. — ^The first was Bufus 
Bartlett, who continued to serve the church till increasing 
infiimities disabled him from further service, and Brother 
Asa Thayer was chosen in his place. Deacons, — Brother 
"William Paraons was the first Deacon, and fulfilled his oiBco 
to the satisfaction of the church ; he was succeeded by Martin 
Stetson, tlieir present Deacon. 

Bbvivals. — In June, 1840, we had a powerful revival of 
religion in the town. Eight were baptized and added to the 
church. Since that time we have had no additions, and the 
greater number of our aged members are dead, so the church 
at present is very small ; yet the church still hopes and prays, 
' Lord revive thy work.' '' 

In behalf of the church, Beuben Milner. 

The present number of members in the church is thirty- 
eight ; and there probably are more who consider themselves 
OS belonging to that society, and render pecuniary assistance 
in supporting their preachers. 

The writer was personally acquainted with John Wagg, their 
first settled minister, and has heard him preach many times, 
both in houses and barns. He told the writer that in his 



94 HISTORY 09 NORWAY. 

younger days he was very illiterate, and awfully profane; and 
that when he was married he could not read, or write a word. 
But about that time his heart being touched with a lively 
sense of his wickedness, and believing that a gracious God 
had given him a new heart, and blotted out his sins from the 
book of remembrance, he felt a strong desire to read the word 
of God, in which he believed was contained the words of eter- 
nal life ; and by turning his attention to reading, by the heip 
of his wife, he soon became quite a proficient in reading the 
Bible and hymn-book. In process of time he devoted him- 
self to the ministry ; and among other places which he visited 
was Norway. Preaching of any kind, at that time, was rather 
a scarce article, and his meetings were well attended, not by 
the Baptist order only, but by very many of other denomina- 
tions, as well as by those professing no particular creed. As 
H preacher, his voice and manner were grave and solemn, and 
his deportment and discourses seemed to produce a religious 
impression on his audience ; and had he possessed such liter- 
ary attainments as many ministers of the present day, the 
preachers would have been scarce who could so firmly rivet 
the attention of an assembly as he. Under his ministration, 
quite a number of members were added to the church ; but, 
alas ! very many of the old members now sleep in the silent 
grave. Towards the latter part of his ministry, there seemed 
to be a certain indefinable something that caused a coldness 
between him and the church, which resulted in his dismission. 



MBTKODIST DENOMXirArXOK. 

I now proceed to say something about the religious denom- 
ination called Methodists. But my heart and courage almost 
fail me, lest I should not be able to do them justice, as I 
have not a scrap of any record to refer to ; but should I fail, 
they will have this consolation, that '^ the Lord seeth not aa 
man seeth ; for man looketh on the outward appearance, hxkt 
God looketh on the heart." 






mSTORY OF NORWAY. 95 

About tho first preacher of this order, in the town,' was a 
Mr. Parker, who preached occasionally in the Village, and in 
some other parts of the town, about 1812-18 ; and sometimes 
other ministers came along and preached, without having any 
stated times or places for their labors. Thus things pro- 
gressed for sovoral years. Benjamin Stevens, tho oldest son 
of Jonas Stevens, (one of the first settlers in Rustfield) used 
^metimes to come from Otisfield, where he then lived, and 
preach and exhort among the brethren of this order. Aa 
early as 1815, and for some time after, Edward Whittle and 
William Yates, of Greenwood, often, afterwards, known as 
Pather Whittle, and Father Tates, used to come and preach 
and exhort among the brethren ; and many converts to their 
faith were made under their humble teachings. In a few 
years, such a field was opened that the Methodist Conference 
appointed regular circuit preachers to preach at stated timea 
and places in Norway, which helped to make up a regulax 
circuit, in which they were to confine their ministerial labors. 
Tho i*o]igious afiaira of this denomination wont along in suck 
manner for many years, but gathering strength and numbers 
yearly. 

The writer can well remember the by-gone days, when the 
few preachers and exhorters who occasionally came amongst 
us were looked upon with coldness, if not with disrespect, by 
somo other denominations of professed Christians ; but it seems 
that, like Uio children of Israel when in tho land of Egypt, 
the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied ; and 
they soon became so numerous as to have their regular preach-^ 
ers, who were located in a circuit embracing one or more 
towns, according to the numbers of their order ; and it seems 
that it is a regulation of their order to appoint, at their 
yearly conference, each circuit preacher to his particular field 
of labor, where they often remain two years, if the pretwher 
and people desire such continuances 



i 



96 HISTORY 07 NORWAY. 

Previous to 1887, the Methodists had no house, other than 
school-houses or dwelling-houses, in which to hold their meet- 
ings ; and sometimes, in warm weather, in some ham, or 
- groYO. But many were the anxious desires to have a meeting- 
house (like other denominations) in which they could meet 
for the public worship of God. Pride, convenience, and 
piety, are all'powerful stimulants to action, especially if the 
object to be obtained be a laudable one ; and surely no on^ 
can 4oubt tlie laudableness of their exertions to provide a 
house for public worship. Accordingly, in 1887, they erected 
an elegant and convenient house of worship about midway be- 
tween the Village proper, and the Steep Falls. The next 
year, tlie Methodists in the upper part of Norway, and some 
in the southwesterly part of Greenwood, erected another house 
of worship about three-fourths of a mile west of Swift's Cor- 
ner, where they have preaching nearly all* the time, that is^ 
on the Sabbath. They have likewise built a small, snug 
house and bam near Noble's Comer, for' the accommodation 
of their minister, who is appointed for that circuit, from time 
to time, by the officers of their yearly conference. The 
meeting-house in the upper part of the town was dedicated 
June 10, 1889. In consequence of a Methodist meeting- 
house being built at South Paris, they do not have constant 
preaching in their house in the Village, as their number is 
small there in comparison with the upper part of the town. 
According to the best information obtained on the subject, 
the Class in the Village and vicinity numbers about tliirty or 
forty, and in the upper part of the town probably between 
seventy-five and one hundred. Thus wo see that from a 
small beginning they have gi*own to a largo and respectable 
religious church and society, in point of numbers and Chris- 
tian Graces ; and may both preachers and hearers always 
remember, *'that Paul may plantj andApolloa may water, 
but God giveth the increase.'* 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 97 



MILITARY HISTORY. 



As I have now disposed of the religious a&irs of the town, 
(which has been a serious matter with me, so far as writing 
is concerned, and ought to be with all in practice,) I shall 
now devote a small space to the military history ; — as the 
scicnoe of arms was considered of great importance by our 
forefathera, and by many who are now upon the stage of 
action. And it is all right that it should have been so con-> 
sidered ; for, under the the guidance of Divine Providence, 
it was the powerful instrument which achieved our Indepen- 
dence, and gave us a rank among the nations of^ the civilized 
M'orld. Without it, our glorious Declaration of Independence 
must have fallen ingloriously to the ground, and would have 
become a by- word and a reproach to us as a people ; and long 
before this it would have been among the things which are 
forgotten. i 

Early in the winter of 1807, William Reed, who was tho 
first Ensign chosen in the company at its organization, ob- 
taincd his discharge, and at the May inspection, Amos Town 
was chosen to supply his place. After the lamented death of 
Capt. Anthony Bennett, in the spring of 1808 Ward Noyes 
was chosen Captain, Amos Town, Lieutenant, and Ephraim 
Twombly, Ensign. The company of militia at that time 
numbered about 120 in all ; for sick soldiers were scarce then, 
and a regimental surgeon hardly had to black a piece of 
paper by giving a certificate for inability to perform military 
duty. Beside the militia company, there was a company of 
cavalry raised in the regiment, and the town of Norway fur-^ 
nished several privates and non-commissioned ofiicera in that 
company, and one commissioned officer, viz., Lieut. Nathaniel 
Bennett, a twin brother to Capt. Anthony Bennett.; In tho 
winter of 1808-9, Capt. Waixi Noyes, with tho consent and 
approbation of his company, petitioned the General Court and 
Governor of Massachusetts, to have the company divided, and 

7 



98 HISTORY OP NORWAY. 

form a new company. lie obtained the prayer of said peti- 
tion, as appeal's by General Orders, Head Quarters, Boston^ 
March' 27, 1809. This division left tho companies about 
equal in numbers, but the south company was without officei*s, 
all the commissioned officers falling within the north company. 
June 27, 1809, the south company met according to regi- 
mental orders, and made choice of Bailey Bodwell, Captain, 
William Twombly, Lieutenant, and Daniel Holt, Ensign. In 
the winter of 1809-10, Capt. Ward Noyes resigned his com- 
mission, and obtained his discharge. On the 7th of May^ 
1811, Lieutenant Amos Town was elected Captain, and En- 
sign Ephraim Twombly, Lieutenant; on the 28d of August, 
William Parsons, Jr., was elected Ensign. 

Pursuant to order from tho Commander-in-chief of tho 

■ 

militia of tho Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Captains 
Amos Town, of tho north company, and Bailey BodwoU, of 
the south company, made drafts from their respective compa- 
nies as follows : From Capt. Town's company, privates- 
Benjamin French, John Hobbs, JOsiah Hill, Jr., Cad F.' 
Jone^, Enoch Merrill, Jr., Benjamin Peabody. From Capt. 
BodAvell's coinpany — ^Jared Buck, drummer, Moses Houghton, 
Daniel Noble, Enoch Knight, Jeremiah Fanner, Nathan Coy, 
William Corson, Samuel Jordan. This (Jetachment, however, 
was not called for,' but were ordered to hold themselves in 
readiness to march at the shortest warning. On the 18th of 
June, 1812, Congress declared war against Great Britain, 
and this declardtion caused the minute-men to buniish up 
their arms, and put their shooting apparatus in tho best order 
pddsiblo.' • ' 

In the fall of 1812, Capt. Bailey Bodwell undertook to 
raise a company of volunteers to serve one year in the wai* ; 
and late in th6 season obtained a full company fi;om this and 
neighboring towns. ' After completing tho complement of 
men, they chose Bailey Bodwell for their Captain, William 
Twombly, Lieutenant, and William Rcedj Jr., and Gustavua 



lIISTORir OF NOUWAY. 99 

A. Go3S, of Paris, second and tbiixl Lieutenants ; thpy finally 
marched to Burlington early in the winter. Bodwell, on 
account of some improper conduct, left the army and returned 
home, some time in. the summer of 1813; but the company 
generally served out their year, and then mostly returned 
home. Seth Pike, a son of Dudley Pike, died in this cam- 
paign, as also did Jacob Tubbs, Jr., a son of Jacob Tubbs. 
Joseph Dale came home sick, and never recovered ; he died 
in a few months, leaving a family of nine children to the caro 
of his widow, with little or nothing for their support. 

It appeal's by the record that Lieut. William Twombly ob- 
tained Ids discharge in the summer of 1813 ; and on the 11th 
of September, William Parsons, Jr., was promoted to Lieu- 
tenant, and Cad F. Jones waa elected Ensign. The company 
then had 70 privates, exclusive of commissioned officers and 
Sergeants ; and tlio south company numbered nearly as many 
more, altogether making quite a formidable military force. 

Sometime in the summer of 181G, Capt. Amos Town was 
promoted to the rank of Major, and subsequently to Colonel 
of the regiment ; and as a natural consequence, by regimental 
order, the company met and elected Lieut. William Parsons, 
Jr., for Captain, Ensign Cad F. Jones, for Lieutenant, and 
John Whitmarsh, Ensign. 

On the 10th of Oct., 1815, a Court Martial convened at 
Paris, for the trial of Capt. Bailey Bodwell, on several 
charges exhibited against him by Enoch Knight, and fourteen 
othera. After heai-ing all the testimony and arguments, pro 
and C071, the Court decided that Capt. Bailey Bodwell be re- 
moved from office, and disqualified for holding any militaiy 
office under the Commonwealth for one year. 

Li the meantime, Ensign Daniel Holt had resigned his 
commission ; and according to regimental order's, the south 
company met in the Village, their usual place of parade, on 
the 28d of March, 1816, and made choice of Henry Kust, 
Jr»; Captain, John MiUett, Jr., Lieutenant, and Isaac Ben^ 



100 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

nctt, Ensign ; all of whom accepted, as military offices, at 
that period, were considered matters of high importance. 

At the May inspection, in 1818, the company, then com- 
manded by Henry Rust, Jr., ^^ after inspection, the reading 
of the law, and partaking of some refreshment, was marched 
to the ground selected for the purpose, and attended to target- 
firing. The judges appointed for that purpose, awarded the 
first prize, $5, to Mr. E. F. Beal for the best shot; the sec- 
ond, $8, to Mr. Stephen Greenleaf ; and the third, ||2, to 
Mr. Malachi Bai-tlett." 

Perhaps some of the great guns among the modem peace 
societies, and other modern reformers, may turn up their noses 
and sneer at such historical matter as this ; but they ought to 
remember that our forefather, and even many who are now 
upon the stage, have seen the times when a good militaiy 
foi*ce, well equipped, with twenty-four ball oirtridges in their 
1)oxes, was a much more solid argument against an invading 
foe, and made a far deeper impression, especially if used, 
than all their paper manifestoes. But still we should all 
rejoice to see the time an*ive, *' when men shall beat their 
swords into plow-shares, and their spears into pruning-hooks, 
and learn war no more ; " but the present aspect of things 
does not look much like such a conclusion. 

I ought to have stated, in the proper place, that in the fiiU 
of 1814, early in October, the militia in this vicinity was 
called to Portland to aid in defending that place against an 
expected attack from a naval squadron of Great Britain, which 
hovered ai-ound our shores. Most of the soldiers marched 
off in high spirits, but some felt quite unwell Happily, they 
did not come in contact with the enemy ; and a few days after 
their arrival in Portland, a detachment was made from the 
whole — probably about one-sixth part — and the rest returned 
home, very well satisfied with going a soldiering. The drafted 
men served about one month, or a little more. 

On the 27th of Aug., 1818, the north company was called 



HISTORY OF NOUWAY. 101 

out for a choice of officers, as Capt. William Pai*sons, Jr., 
had just been promoted to a Major, (and in regular rotation 
afterwards to Brigadier Genernl.) The company promoted 
Lieut. Gad F. Jones ito Captain, Ensign John Whitmarsh tu 
Lieutenant, and elected David Noyes, Ensign. Previous to 
the May inspection, in 1820, Capt. Jones had resigned, and 
the company on that day proceeded to make choice as follows : 
John Whitmai'sh, Captain, David Noyes, Lieutenant, and 
Thompson Ilall, Ensign. Previous to May 12, 1821, Capt. 
Henry Rust, Jr., had retired from office ; and according to 
orders, the south comptiny met for the purpose of electing a 
Captain, and filling other vacancies; John Millett, Jr., was 
promoted to Captain, Isaac Bennett to Lieutenant, and Amos 
Millett elected Ensign. Previous to the lOdi of April, 1823, 
Ensign Amos Millett was selected as one of the Aids of Gen. 
William Parsons, Jr., and on that day the comiMiny elected 
John Richards (now John Lee) as Ensign. Previous to 
April 9, 1823, Ensign Thompson Hall waa appointed Brigade 
Lispector, and in consequence the north comixiuy met on that 
day, and elected Jeremiah Foster as Ensign. May, 6, 1823, 
the south company made choice of Ensign John Richards for 
Lieutenant, and Malachi Bartlett for Ensign. About this 
time, Henry W. Millett was promoted to the office of Major 
of the battalion of cavalry in this brigade. Capt. John 
Whitmai'sh having retired from his command in the north 
company, said company met on the 2d of October, 1824, and 
elected Lieut. David Noyes, Captain, Ensign Jeremiah Fos- 
ter, Lieutenant, and Nathan Foster, Jr., Ensign. Previous 
to Oct. 25th, 1824, Capt. John Millett, Jr., having been 
promoted to a Major, (and subsequently to Colonel) the south 
company met on that day, and chose Lieut. John Richards, 
Captain, Henry C. Reed, Lieutenant; and the following July 
Thomas J. Cox was chosen Ensign in the same company. 
Prior to the 8th of April, 1826, having reaped a large har- 
vest of military glory, and resigned his commission, Capt. 



102 Histout op KonwAt. 

David Noyes took leave of liis company, vrliicli met on tlint 
(lay, and promoted Lieut. Jeremiah Foster to Captain, and 
elected Benjamin F. Hall, Lieutenant, and William Needham, 
Ensign, (Ensimi Nathan Foster, Jr., being removed fi*om us 
by death on tne 19tli of January previous.) After the resign 
nation of Capt. Jeremiah Foster, the company, on the 22d 
of Aug., 1828, promoted Lieut. B. F. Hall to Captain, Wil- 
liam Needham to Lieutenant, and elected Ansel Town^ 
Ensign. It appears that after the resignation of Capt. John 
llichards, in process of time the other two commissioned offi- 
cers also resigned their commissions, and Aug. 11) 1830, the 
south company elected Joseph Bennett, Captain, Hiram Mil- 
lett, Lieutenant, and William Hayes^ Ensign. Li 1831^ 
Capt. B. F. Hall retired, and Ensign Ansel To\m was chosen 
Captain, and William Stevens, Ensign ; and on the 24th of 
Oct., 1882, William Stevens was promoted to Lieutenant, and 
Henly L. Noyes was elected Ensign. Prior to Sept. 18th, 
1 832 j Capt. Joseph Bennett having been promoted to the 
rank of Major, tlie south company on that day promoted Himm 
Millett to Captain, William Hayes, to Lieutenant, and elected 
Cephas Sampson Ensign. On the 20th of April, 1886, Capt» 
XL Millett and Lieut. Wm. Hayes having resigned ilicir oilices^ 
the south company met, and Ensign Cephas Sampson was 
elected Captain, WiUiam Noble, Lieutenant, and Alanson M. 
Dunham, Ensign. They continued to serve the company for 
several years, till Capt. Sampson resigned, bnd was succeeded 
by Lieut. William Noble, and Ensign Dunham was promoted 
to Lieutenant ; after a while they both resigned their com- 
missions. Since that time several aboi-tivo attempts have been 
made to elect officers. David Sanborn was the last Captain 
elected in this company. He has never called the company 
out since he was commissioned, and he informs the writer that 
he has obtained his discharge. Previous to the first Tuesday 
in May, 1835, Capt. Ansel Town, of the north company, was 
promoted to the rank of Major^ and Lieut. William Stcvenl^ 



HISTORY OF NOttWAY. 103 

Vrad rsiiscd to Captain, Ucnry L. Noycs to Lieutenant, and 
Amos F. Noyes was elected Ensign. Prior to May, 1886, 
Henry L. Noyes resigned his commission on account of lame- 
ness, and Amos F. Koycs succeeded him as Lieutenant; 
Alva Uobbs was chosen Ensign. Sometime in the summer 
of 1886, Amos F. Noycs was promoted to Captain, Alva 
llobbs to Lieutenant, and Washington Fi*cnch was elected 
Ensign. At the time of tho Madawaska war, Capt. Amos 
F. Noycs, Lieut Alva Ilobbs, and Ensign Washington French 
were detailed as officers to march to Augusta, where they 
gained bloodless laurels witli the rest of the officers and sol^ 
diers in that campaign, and received tho pi*aise, from tho 
soldiers under their command, of being strict in discipline, 
but attentive to tho wants and comforts of those under them. 
After this war, Capt. A. F. Noyes was promoted to Lieu- 
tenant Colonel, Alva Hobbs to Captain, Washington French 
to Lieutenant, and James French elected Ensign. In 1842, 
Capt. A. Hobbs having resigned, Washington French was 
promoted to Captain, James French to Lieutenant, and Henry 
Upton elected Ensign. Tho next and last chango cleval^d 
James French to tho office of Captain, Henry Upton, Liou- 
tennnt, and Ebenezcr Crowell, Ensign. 

Tho last-namiiMl board of officei*s in the north company, and 
Capt. David Satibom in the south company, were the last of 
the Militai-y Hci*oes in the town of Norway — os tho militia 
system in the State has now become defunct. Thus we see 
the end of an institution which all must acknowledge wa^ 
formerly of the gi'catest utility and itbportance to the State 
and nation, but which, like all sublunary things, has faded 
away, and become obsolete. And probably many of the in- 
stitutions and associations ot the present day ai'e doomed to 
the same inglorious fate. Therefore, let none exult in a 
momentary triumph ; but remember the prophetic deplaratiori 
of one of our fmest poets, who says : 

** Princes and lords may flourish, or may faJe : 
A bl'calh can tUake ihent) as a breath has mhde.'' 



104 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

I shall now, after humbly asking leave, go back to the old 
track, where I left off to take up the i^oligious and military 
af&iirs, and commence with 1811 ; but before entering upon 
the affairs of that year, I will mention a few items ^vhicli 
escaped my recollection at the proper time and place. 

Samuel Ames, our venerable miller, had a child, aged six- 
teen months, drowned in the mill-pond in 1802. 

In 1806, William Reed, Esq., our first post-master, had a 
sprightly little boy, aged three or four years, killed in the 
Village in a very sudden manner. liis workmen had taken 
off the short cart-body for some cause, and left it standing on 
one end, by propping it up. Seveml little childi-en, playing 
in the street, happened to get ai*ound this cart-body, and 
probably endeavored to climb upon it, when it fell upon this 
little boy, and killed him almost instantaneously. Thus were 
the fond hopes of the parents blasted in a moment. It was 
their oldest child. 

In 1808, Daniel Town came to Norway, from Andover, 
Mass., and set up the blacksmith business at Fuller's Comer. 
He continued the work for many years, and was succeeded, 
in another shop, by his son-in-law, P. D. Judkins, who, two 
or three years ago, sold out his stand to E. R. Merrill, and 
went to farming. Town was the first blacksmith in the upper 
part of Norway, and at that time the inhabitants thought it a 
great convenience. Stephen Latliam, about the same time, 
had a little shop near the Comer, for making nails> Wrought 
nails were then in vogue, and were worth one shilling per 
pound. He made most of his nails from refuse iron, such as 
old horse-shoes, ox-shoes, and other old affairs, which famiei'S 
could pick up. Maj. Cummings, while building the meeting- 
house, purchased his nail-rods in Portland, hauled them to 
Norway, and Mr. Latham made the nails ; and some of us 
frequently had to go to Latham's shop to get nails to use 
about the house. Cut nails, above the size of shingle and 
clapboard nails, were hardly in use at that period. 



HISTORY OP NOIWAT. 105 

The want of a Btoro was considerably felt in the upper part 
of the town. In 1807, Deacon John Hor put up a framo for 
a small store on a comer of his land, near Fuller's Corner ; 
in 1808, William Lessley moved it across the road, partly 
finished it, and sold out to Uriah Holt, Esq. ; he fitted up the 
building, and Aaron Wilkins commenced trade in 1810, and 
traded tliere about three ycai*s. The store then stood unoc* 
cupied until May^ 1817, when William Pingree went into it ; 
he traded about one year, and sold out to Jonathan Swift and 
Ansel Field. In about two years after, Swift bought out 
Field, and hns been in tirade in that place most of the time 
since, lie, however, let his store to William Pingree in 
1827, who occupied it about two years. He has sometimes 
had a partner, but at present the trade is conducted by his 
only son, Newton Swift. There has been a largo quantity 
of goods sold at that Corner. Another store has recently 
been put up there by E. II. Merrill. I have thus run along 
with tlie story of the little place, just to show its beginning 
and progress. 

Town officers for 1811: Job Eastman, Clerk; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer; Nathan Noble, Solomon Millctt, Henry 
llust. Selectmen ; William Hobbs, Collector. Joshua Smith, 
Representative. 

Total valuation, $48,204. Number of polls 224. 

Money tax. For schools, . - - $600,00 

Support of poor, and town charges, - 140,00 

State tax, - - - . - 77,83 

County tax, - - - - 115,42 

Total, .... $932,75 

Highway tax on common roads, - $1244,93 

For a new County road to Waterford, through 

the Hall neighborhood, - - 804,41 

Total highway tax, - - - $1549,8+ 

The traders, as they were then called, stood on the valua* 
tion, for store and goods, as follows : 



106 HlSTOat 0» KORWAt, 

William B«ed, - - - |110,00 ■■ 

Joekuu Smith, - - - 00,00 

Oux and Robinson, - <■ 200,00 

William Ilobba, - - 45,00 

Aaron Wilkina, - - 100,00' 

Value of stores and goods, - $576,00 

This year was marked by very small additions to the popU^ 

lutioUk The new immigitints were — Jtunes Small, James 

JUckford, John Small, John Thurston. Those living in tlie 

town, and becoming of age : EWnezor Ilobbs, Samuel Pikoj 

James Crockett^ 

Town officers for' 1812: Job Eastman, Clerk; Joshua 

Smithy Treasurer; Nathan Noble, Solomon Millett, Uriah 

Holt, Selectmen; William Ilobbs, Collector. Joshua Smith, 

Iloprescntative. 

. Money tax. Schools, *• - f 000,00 

Poor, and town expenses, - - 1<J0,00 

State tax^ ... * 138,66 

County tax, - ' - - - 118,82 

Extra County tax, - . - 118,32 

' ' • '. i - 

Total, - - - - $1105,80 

.Ilighway tax, including extra roads, $1856,Y3. Numte 
of polls, 242. 

New immigrants : Edmund Bickford, George W. Cummittgs, 
Erye H, Eastman, Josiah Hill, Jr., Lemuel Lovejoy, William 
Noyes, Brackett Marston, William Pierce, Nathaniel Shaw, 
John Shed, Joel Town, Levi Whitman, Daniel II. Warren, 
Hose^ White. Those arriving of age : Rufiis Bartlett, Jr., 
Bci^amin French, Israel Millett, llobert Pike, Job Pcn*y, 
Melvin . Pool, Asa Pool, Nathaniel Stevens. There was a 
large accession this year, but the readel* must not conclude 
that the town retained all the additions tioticed— as many of 
the young men, and some old and middle-aged, yearly left 
the place, either by removal to other placesj or by deathi 

ToAvn officers for 1813: Job Eastman, Clerk; Joshua 



IIIStORY OF NORWAY. 107 

Binitli, ^Treasurer ; Natlian Noble, Uriah Holt, Joshua Crock- 
ett, Selectmen ; Jacob French, Collector. Levi Whitman, 
Esq., Representative. 

Amount of valuation, $51,408. Number of polls, 280 ; 
number of scholars over four years and umter twenty-one, 488* 

Highway tax. Towh voted, $1000. 

Money tax. Schools, - - $500,00 

Poor, and town expenses, - • 100,00 

State tax, - - - - 188,66 

County tax, - - - - 118,32 

TotJil, - - - . $850,98 

New immigrants since the hist valuatioii : Joseph CliflTord, 
Elijah Ilall, Jeremiah Henley, James Munroe, Bela Noyes, 
Charles Newell, Abner Pingree, Moses Roberts, Samuel 
L6rd, Andrew Gould, John Haynes, Stephen P. Watson^ 
"William Morrell, Asa Noyes, Levi Pmnk, Joseph Dolley, 
Josiah Hill, Artemaa Rawson. Those who resided in town 
tind hml become t^ixablc : Joshua Crockett, Jr., Peter Frost, 
'William Frost, John Necdham, Jr., William Pingree, tienry 
R. Parsons, Amod Stevens. 

In the course of 1812, the "Lee Grant,^' so called, was 
purchased by Edward Little, JEsq., and this year was taxed to 
him ; it wad also lotted out, and offered for sale< This had 
bech much desired by many young men in town for Several 
years. 

Near tlie cloie of this year, or early in Jan., 1814, a very 
remarkable incident took place, in the disappearance of a 
young man, a son of Benjamin Witt, the first blacksitoith in 
Rustfield. On Thursday morning Mr. W^itt killed a cotiplo 
of hogs for the market, and about noon started for Portland, 
leaving his soh, who had assisted him in butchering, to Sec to 
the cattle, fee, in his absencci Li the afternoon, the weather 
being stormy, Mrs. Witt noticed that the cattle were not i)ut 
Up in the barn, but coiicluded that her son had ^one to school ; 
tixG therefore gave herself no uneasiness until the other chil- 



( 



108 HISTORY OP NORWAY. 

clrcn returned fi*om school, and she learned that he had not 
been tliere. They sent to several of the neighbors to inquire 
for him, but could learn nothing. The next day diligent 
search was made, but no tnico of him found ; and the search 
was continued for several days by many men, sometimes, 
probably, neai^ly one hundred, but without success. Mr. 
Witt reached home on Saturday night, with a heavy heart, 
having heard the sad news on his way. There were eight or 
ten inches of snow on the ground, which lay very still and 
level, and every track was followed to its termination, but 
nothing led to the least discovery of his whereabouts ; and 
no intelligence has ever been gained of him to the present 
day. Mr. Witt was one of the volunteers in Gapt. BodwelVs 
company, which marched one year before to Burlington ; ho 
took his two oldest sons with him as soldiers in that campaign, 
and had returned in safety but a few days before this wonder- 
ful disappearance of his son. To add to the stmngeness of 
tlie thing, he went away with his old clothes on, which ho 
wore about the butchering, leaving a new suit in his chest, 
and also a considerable lot of change. Some almost harbored 
the idea that he was murdered ; but the dead make no revela* 
tions, nor have the living, on this subject. ^ 

Town officers for 1814: Job Eastman, Clerk; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer ; Nathan Noble, Uriah Holt, Joshua Crock- 
ett. Selectmen ; Jacob French, Collector. Levi Whitman, 
£sq., Representative. 
Highway tax, $1200. 

Schools, . - . . $500,00 

Poor, and town expenses, - - 180.00 

State tax, .... 188,66 

County tax, - . . . 118,82 

Total money tax, - - - $886,98 

There is a little obscurity about matters this year, and I 
shall only add as new-comers — Philip He»^lton, Jonuthan 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 109 

Hall, Icliabod Lcigliton, Adam Bradbury, a son of Joseph 
Bradbury, and Alvin Boyden. 

Town officers for 1815 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer ; Nathan Noble, Uriah Holt, Aaron Wil- 
kins. Selectmen; Jeremiah Hobbs, Jr., Collector. Levi 
Wliitman, Est]., lleprcseutative. 

Valuation, $60,217. Number of polls 245: Highway 

tax, as assessed, $1255,24. 

State tax, . - - . $218,71 

Town and Comity lax, by the bills, - 922,06 

Total money taxj - - - $1141,37 

There was quite an accession to the population this year ; 
but it is possible that some of them came in 1814, as the old 
pa])ci*s of that year were rather lean. Immigmnts : James 
D. Sawyer, Allan Bartlett, Josiah Smith, William Cordwell, 
William Corson, Charles Cleaves, John Davis, David S. Hall, 
Thompson Hall, Abram Jordan, John Jordan, Nathan Morse, 
Ephraim Crockett, Sanmel Shackley, Isaao Smith, John 
Twitchell, Peter Town. Old settlei*s' sons as follows : Simeon 
Noble, Joshua Perry, Jonathan Stevens, Nathaniel P. Shed, 
Natlianiel Young, Jr., Samuel Crockett, John Hobbs, John 
Witt. The opening of the " Lee Grant " for settlement con- 
tributed some towards an increase of population ; the wholo 
tmct began to be dotted with openings and houses, (some of 
tlicm log-1\ouses) and other beginnings towards making farms. 

Towards the latter jMU't of February, the news of peace 
reached us, and joyful news it was. The Treaty of Ghent 
was ratified by our government Feb. 17, and our jollification 
and rejoicing occurred about the 20th. In 1814, I left my 
school to make ball-cai*tridges for the soldiere when they 
marched to Poiiland, but now I left it rather early in the 
afternoon to help the boys, and even tlie men of all classes, 
make preparations for their evening rejoicing. Several of tho 
larger houses were handsomely illuminated, and the delightful 



110 niSTOBY OF NORWAY. 

word, " PBACB," exhibited in many a "window. The hoya 
had a little homo-made ai-tillery-pieco, and although gunpow- 
der was very dear, there was a plenty furnished ; erackei'S 
and squibs were also added to help along ; and to cap the 
climax, uncle Nat Bennett happened to have a tar-barrel, 
with a few gallons of tar in it, which was sent for, mounted 
on a hand-sled, set on fire, and drawn through our beautiful 
street, amidst the popping of ci'ackcra and squibs, the roar of 
the boys' aitillery, and tlio loud huzzas of boys of "larger 
growth.*' And though there might have been some divereity 
of opinion in regai*d to the policy of the war, one thing is 
ceiiain, that hero in the country, and in the sea-ports, all 
were united in hailing with joy the news of peace. But per- 
haps some of my young readers will ask for wliat cause this 
war was declared by our government? I will tell them as 
well as I can. At that time, and for several yeai*s previous, 
Europe was convulsed with war, and .England stood almost 
alone in resisting the power of France, which, under the lead 
of the gi*eat Napoleon, was fast climbing towards the pinnacle 
of military glory — that is, to universal rule in Europe. 
England of course wanted, and probably needed, all her sea- 
men — as her naval force was her main instrument both of 
defence and attack. Under a long-cherished, though false- 
founded, notion that she had a right to take her own native 
subjects, in wliatever land or ship they might be found, she 
had long made a practice of seai'ching our merchant-vessels, 
and sometimes armed vessels, to find British-bom subjects ; 
and oftentimes woubl make mistakes, and imp}*ess American- 
honi seamen. Tliis iv&sumption of the right of seai*ch was a 
crying sin in the sight of our people and government ; and, 
among a multitude of other grievances, this caused the war 
of 1812. An exemption from unreasonable searches and 
seizures is guaranteed to the people of the United States, and 
of this State, in the strongest constitutional manner ; and 
therefore ought to be forever maintained at all hazards. Tho 



niSTOIlY OF NOEWAT^ 111 

British government haa siuoe tho war quietly yielded the right 
of search. 

This year (1815) seems fraught with many incidents of 
interest to myself, and douhtless was to many others. In tlio 
spring I left the Village school, wlicre I had been cmploycil 
for five successive wintci-s in tho town school, and during the 
intermediate summers had been engaged in a private school, 
or what now-a-days would be termed a high school. About 
the close of the winter school, soAXie friend, Capt. Rust, Esquire 
Heed, Mr. Bartlctt, or some other person, would get up a 
subscription paper, and go round to get enough subscribed ta 
support a scliool through the following summer— averaging 
the expense in proportion to the number of scholars wliich 
each subscriber should send. The number of pupils in the 
winter was generally from eighty to ninety, and in summer 
about forty. Thus I spent many of my happiest years in 
Norway Village, teaxjhing the ''young idea ho3X to shoot." 
After the close of the winter whool, wo used to have a splen- 
did school exhibition. Tho scholars were iiot permitted to 
devote any of their school hours in preparation for the exhi- 
bition ; that was done by evening study and reliearsals ; and 
ftfter the close of the teim I always gave them one week to. 
prepare for tho occasion. The parents erected a stage in the 
meeting-house, and the ladies furnished their best carpets to 
cover it, and their best bed-dresses for curtains ; and any 
nrticlos wanted from the stores were always proffered for our 
use. Good music was furnished to enliven the scene, and we 
never failed of having a crowded audience. Our excellent 
superintendent of schools, the Rev. Noah Cresey, always 
honored us with his presence ; and good old Esquire Eastman, 
with some other jirivilegcd old characters, were ever furnished 
with a seat upon the stage. The scholars, each one ambitious 
to excel in his parts, and feeling such perfect confidence in- 
their good memory and action, were never known, when on 
the stage, to make a failure. The parents sat, their counte- 



112 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

naiices beaming with satisfuction, witnessing these early 
developments of the oratorieal faculties of their offspring. 
Many of our speakers wei*o very young, and ns an illustration 
of how we " went it" in those days, I will give a little piece 
of original bombastic egotism, spoken at one of our earliest 
performances by Henry C, Beed, son of William Reed, Esq. 

Respected audience, here behold 

An orator full six years old, 

Who at some future day will ruisiB 

Our nation's fame above all praise ; 

And if to Congress I should go, 

'T will save our nation's overthrow ; 

For on that floor my voice shall thunder, 

More eloquent than Troup, or Grundy. 

If grumbling critics, with sarcastic 

Tone, should even hint that I 'm bombastic, 

A prettier method of haranguing 

] Ml teach them all by dint of banging ;•— 

For know, you grumbling set, that I . 

Am very nearly four feet high ; 

Besides, T always keep a cudgel 

For those who of my talents judge ill ; 

So if you wish to 'scape a drubbing. 

Good gentlefolks, pray please to curb in, 

For 1 no love nor favor '11 show 

To such a grumbling, carping crew. 

In literatuie I do profess 

To be quite good, if not the l)est ; 

I write, and read, and also spell. 

And many things too much to tell. 

The liatin non intelligo^ 

Likewise the Greek I do not know ; 

13ut English grammar is my hobby, 

I mount more oft than papa's nobby, 

Bui lest your patience I should tire, 

I 'II stifle my poetic Are ; 

Then I, the wonder of this age. 

Will make my bow, and quit the stage. 

And, as the papers say of new actors when they make their 



IIlSTOllY OF NOllWAY. 118 

debtU on tlio stage, ''lie met with unbounded applause.'' 
While in this school my health was rather feeble, and some- 
times I found it necessary to leave the school for an hour or 
two ; and when this occurred, I selected certain scholars to 
teach particular branches ; and on returning to the school- 
room after resting, everything would be "all right." Such 
was the good feeling subsisting between teacher, scholars and 
parents, that there never was a word of fault found on that, 
or any other account, though I sometimes left for half a day 
or more at a time. But there ! I wo n't say another word 
about my old scholars.- In a few weeks after leaving the 
school, I commenced on a new lot of land, and had to prepai'e 
myself to cut down the trees, and pile up the black logs. 

Town officers for 1816 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer ; Nathan Noble, Aaron Wilkins, William 
Hobbs, Selectmen; Moses Ayer, Collector. Levi Whitman, 
Esq., Representative. 

Valuation, ^62,732. Number of polls 264; number of 
scholai's C19. 

Highway tax, |;1640,28. 

Town tax, - - - - ^766,59 

State tax, .... 182,67 

County tax, .... 236,64 

Total money tax, - - - |1175,90 

New Immigmnts : Enoch Crocker, John Bust, Thomas 
Clark, Benjamin Joseph, William M. Loyejoy, John March, 
Jeremiah Mitchell, Edward Mitchell, John Phipps, James 
Vamey, Joel Town, Dudley Woodbridge. Old settlers' sons : 
Lemuel Bartlett, Flavel Bartlett, Thomas Briggs, Cyrus 
Cobb, Ebenezer Cobb, Jr., Nathan Foster, Jr., Samuel B, 
Gurnqy, John Lovejoy, John Noyes, Nathan Noble, Jr., 
Nathaniel Pike, Samuel Tubbs, John Millett, Jr. 

This year was noted for its cold summer, and not only cold, 
but extremely dry. The spring was unusually cold and back- 

8 



114 HI8T0RT OF NORWAY. 

ward ; there were snow-Bqaallfl on the 7th, 8th, and 9th days 
of June, and on the' 7th, plowed ground actual! j froze in many 
places. 

The spring of 1815 was also very cold and backward; On 
the 18th day of May a snow-storm commenced, and the next 
morning the snow was eighteen inches deep on an average. 
The funeral of Charles Stevens, the oldest son of Nathaniel 
Stevens, took place on the 19th, and people had hard work to 
get to the funeral with sleighs, on account of the snow ; but 
the sun shining out warm, carried it off very suddenly. 

On the 7th of June, Mr. James Flint, and Jeremiah Sta- 
ples, a young man living with him, and Mr. Joshua Toung, 
of Qreenwood, set out with a large raft of mill-logs from the 
shore of the pond against the writer's farm, intending to take 
them down the pond to the mill. The morning was still, but 
by the time they had reached the middle of the pond, squalls 
began to rise, and soon the wind blow a gale. Their raft 
parted its fastenings and went to pieces ; Mr. Flint succeeded 
in getting astraddle of a large log, and Young and Staples 
were lucky enough to do the same thing, both of them on one 
log. Thus, in this perilous situation, they floated down the 
pond, with the waves breaking over them, and running feath- 
er-white, for the distance of two miles. When they reached 
the shore, many men, who had in some way learned their 
situation, but could do nothing to help them, were there to 
assist and welcome them to terrafirma. They were so chilled 
and benumbed that they could hardly stand ; and it might 
truly be considered as a wonderful escape from drowning. 

About this year, or a little previous, Mr. Jabez Chubb was 
drowned in Crooked river, between Norway and Waterford, 
while driving logs, in the spring season. He was an early 
settler in the town, and married a daughter of Mr. Phinehas 
Whitney, the old soldier. 

The crops in 1816 were^ very much injured by the cold and 
drought, and an early frost almost destroyed the corn. The 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 115 

writer this year planted tlic first com on his new farm, on & 
piece of burnt ground by the side of the pond ; and when tho 
early frost came, the fog from the pond went over the com, 
and saved it from injury in a great degree ; and he probably 
had more sound com than all north of the center of the 
town. Seed corn towards spring was worth $8 or more pei* 
bushel ; and Maj. Jonathan Gummings, who then owned the 
Phillips Academy half-township in Greenwood, bought four 
bushels of seed com of the writer to furnish the poor settlers, 
in part, on his new settlement. This waa a praiseworthy act 
of benevolence. 

Owing to the great drought, in the fall, the fires made 
dreadful ravages, and hundreds, even thousands, of acres of 
forest and woodland were destroyed. Many buildings were 
in imminent danger, yet only one in this town was burnt ; 
that was a bam belonging to Mr. Samuel Fingree, with all 
his crops, with which it was well filled. 

Benjamin Joseph, mentioned among tho new immigrants, 
did not come here in 1816, but as early as 1807. He was a 
full-blooded West India negro, from Cuba. When a boy. Dr. 
Stephen Cummings, of Portland, brought him to that city ; 
but thinking it would be far better for him to be brought up 
in the country, he let his brother, Maj. Jonathan Gummings, 
liave him, not as a slave, but as a servant Here he was well- 
treated, well-fed, clothed and schooled, and when he became 
tweniy-one years of age, had his time and eamings for him- 
self ; he was accordingly taxed after becoming of age. His 
native simplicity, and mild disposition, made him rather a 
favorite in the family and neighborhood as long as he resided 
in the place. He afterwards went to Portland, where he still 
resides, and has a family. Ho is the only colored person who 
has lived in tho town during tho last half century. 

Town ofiicers for 1817: Job Eastman, Glerk; Joahua 
Smith, Treasurer; Nathan Noble, Aaron Wilkins, William 



116 HISTORY OF NOEWAY. 

Hobbs, Selectmen ; James Crockett, Collector. No Repre* 
BcntatiTO chosen. 

Valuation, $49,889. JTumber of polls 262 ; number of 
scholars 558. 

Highway tax, by the bills, $1207,85. 

Town tax', - - - - $1172,62 

State tax, - - - - 182,67 

'County tax, - - - 177,48 

Total money tox, - - - $1582,77 

New immigrants : Israel Dresser, Benjamin Richards, Jer- 
-emiah Staples, Jonathan Swift. Old settlers' sons, arriving 
at I twenty-one years of age: Clement Bartlett, Sylvanus 
Sartlett; John Merrill, Daniel Witt. 
. . The spring and early part of summer were noted on account 
of the great scarcity of provisions of almost all kinds, owing 
to the short crops of the year previous. Many families were 
often destitute of bread for many days together ; potatpes were 
nearly as scarce, and meat not much more plenty. I.saw the 
-widows Dale pay $2,50 for one bushel of rye to feed her 
fatherless children. Flour was worth here in Norway $16 
per barrel ; > pork from 17 to 20 cents per pound, and scarce 
.at that; and the war having so recently closed, all store arti- 
^cles were proportionately high. 

But Providence did not always frovm upon us, for this 
jrear the harvest waa abundant— perhaps never better. Al- 
though pressed by pinching want, people put a great deal of 
jeed into the ground, and everything seemed to grow with 
^eat luxuriance. There were hundreds of acres which were 
iburnt.over the fall before, and this spring ihe small stuff was 
picked up, and rye sown, with a scanty allowance of seed, 
Bay, one peck sometimes, and at most, a half bushel to the 
acre; and .the crop was abundant, often twenty to twenty-five 
bushels per acre. Thus the labors of husbandmen seemed i» 
be blessed in the time of their greatest npcd. 



HISTORY Ot NORWAY. 117 

IWn officers for 1818: Job Eafltman, Clprk; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer; Aaron Wilkins, Uriah Holt, Henry Riisty 
Jr., Selectmen; James Crockett, Collector. No Representor 
tive chosen. 

Valuation, $49,403. Number of polls 269 ; number of 
scholars 556. 

Highway tax, by the bills, |1651,92. 

aWntox, . - - . |898,79 

State tax, - - - .. 176,67 

County tax, - - - ,- 88,00 

Total money tax, - - - $1163,46 

New immigrants : William Churchill, Samuel Davis, Mai'- 
tin Girts, Sanmcl Howe, Henry McKenney, Matthew Lassell, 
Seneca Landers, Samuel Martin, Samuel Perry, Andrew 
liichardson, Elijah Whiting, William Yates, James Eastman, 
Ansel Field. Old settlera' sons : Baker Ames, Benjamin 
Flint, Jr., Consider Hill, Stephen Jenkins, Solomon Millett, 
Jr., Henry W..Millott, Bola Noyos, Jr., Evi Nccdham, Wil-' 
liam Shed, Silas Shed, William. Young, Ezra F. Beal, Lewis 
Crockett, Solomon Crockett, Henry Pike. 

This year, on the 23d day of June, Lemuel Shed was killed ' 
\^hile assisting in raising a house for his oldest son, N. P. 
Shed. The accident happened in the following manner : Tho 
house was to bo a story and a half high; the west end had 
been raised and' leaned out against two timbers to hold it uj) 
>vhilo they mised the middle band ; Mr^ Shed had prepared 
himself to hold one of the posts, and Capt. Ward Noyes the 
other ; they stood with their backs towards the end that was 
raised. The hands had just taken hold of the timber to raise 
it up, when there came a strong gust of wind and blew the 
end over upon them ; the other men seeing the timber falling, 
made their escape from under it ; but the beam struck Mr. 
Shed on his head, crushing it against the post he was about 
to hold, and dashing it to pieces in a shocking manner, even" 



118 HISTORY OF NORWAY, 

driving some of the bones into the timbers. He ttos killed in 
an instant. It also struck Capt. Noyes on his thigh and 
knee, breaking his leg very badly. The w'ifo and only daugh- 
ter of Mr. Shed were both present to see his son's house 
raised ; but instead of witnessing that pleasing sight, they 
beheld the instantaneous death of a beloved husband and fa^ 
ther. Thus suddenly perished tlio good and faithful old 
soldier, ivho had braved the dangers of a seven years' war. 
Capt. Noyes, after a long confinement, finally recovered, and 
continued to follow the carpenter's business until his death, 
which took place April 28d, 1822. He was a very indus- 
trious, persevering man, and probably framed and raised more 
buildings than any other man in the town ; as he came here 
ill 1800, just as people were beginning to erect frame build- 
ings, lie left a family of nine children. 

Town officers for 1819: Job Eastman, Clerk; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer ; Uriah Holt, Henry llust, Jr., Jonathan 
Woodman, Selectmen ; James Crockett, Collector. No Bep- 
iresentative chosen. 

Valuation, $50,496. Number of polls 250 ; number pf 
scholars 550. 

Highway tax, $2118,14. 

Town tax, .... $1060,83 

Second assessment, ... 79,96 

State tax, . . * . 122,67 

County tax, - - - 204,48 

Total money tax, ... $1467,94 

Now immigi*ants : Thomas Davis, James Coraon, Joseph 
Gammon, Oliver Ilalo, Hatovil Hall, Charles McKenney, 
William Lord, Ebenezer Lord, Grcorge Lord, Mai'tin Stetson, 
William Yates, Jr. Old settlers' sons : Ichabod Bartlett, 
Jeremiah Foster, George French, Reuben Knight, Simon 
Noble, Charles Pike, Levi Shed, Nathaniel Twombly, Ben- 
jamin Witt, Jr., Jabcz Chubb, ISdmund Frost. 



HISTORY OF NORWAY, 119 

Town officers for 1820: Job Eastman, Clerk; Joehua 
Smith, Treasurer ; Uriali Holt, Henry Bust, Jr., Jonathan 
Woodman, Selectmen ; James Crockett, Collector. . . . 

By measures adopted during the preceding year, Maine was 
6e])arated from Massachusetts, and erected into a separate 
State. Aaron Wilkins, Esq., was chosen as a delegate from 
Norway to form the Constitution, and Henry Bust, Jr., was 
chosen Bepresentative to the first Legislature, which met in 
Jan,, 1821. 

Valuation, $76,671. Number of polls 250 ; number of 
scholars 526. 

Highway tax on common town roads, $1049,74 

" " on County, or extra roads, 623^81 

Total highway tax, - - - $1573,55 

Town tax, - . - - $960,01 

Slate tax, ..... 122,67 

County tax, - . - - 233,79 

Total money tax, - - - $1816,47 

New immigrants — ^very small number : Ambrose Parris, 
John II. Band, Horatio Q. Cole. Old settlers' sons : Amos^ 
Millett, Levi Noyes, Willianx Pool, David Smith, John S. 
Shed, William Foster, Amos Hobbs, Jr., Simon Stevens, 
David Noble. 

By an old list of voters who voted on the question of sepa* 
ration from Massachusetts, I find the whole number 199. 

In the little sketch of the religious afiairs of the town, I 
said something of Maj. Jonathan Cummiugs, who built the 
Congregational meeting-house. He was a son of the propri- 
etor of the Cummings Gore, and probably came into the 
plantation under the most favorable circumstances of any early 
settler. Ho was naturally of an obliging, kind disposition^ 
and very cheerful and social in his every-day deportment, 
\vhich caused him to become a favorite with all who became 
acquainted with him. From the early settlement of the town 



120 BISTORT OF NORWAY. 

up to nearly the time of his death, there probably was no man 
in the place who could exercise so great an influence as Maj. 
Cummings. He was thought to be rich, and probably waa, 
during part of his life. About 1806, he purchased the half- 
township, now in Greenwood, belonging to the '' Phillips 
Academy," and gave back a mortgage to secure the payment 
of the purchase-money. He sold many lots of land, on which 
the purchasers commenced clearing and building, and he re- 
ceived large quantities of lumber, and a great amount of 
labor towards these lands, while building the meeting-house ; 
he likewise employed much help about farming, which he 
carried on largely. He built a saw-mill on the outlet of the 
little Pennessewasseo pond, which did but little business ; he 
also built mills in the Academy half-township, wliich produced 
small profit at that early stage of the settlement of Green- 
wood. Thus things ran along for many years, without any 
apparent interruption, and the settlement in Greenwood was^ 
progressing rapidly, as he was very accommodating in receiv- 
ing almost any commodity in payment for land. Some paid 
up in full for their lots, and some had the precaution to insist 
on his getting an acquittance of their particular lots from the 
Trul^tees of the Academy, who hold the mortgage ; and, to 
accomplish this, ho mortgaged his own fai*m to them to keep 
their security good. Ho was, in the first place, to givo 
$4500 for the land ; and in a few years he sold enough to 
have paid up the sum, with interest; but, from the multi- 
plicity of his concerns, he applied his receipts to other 
purposes, while his debt to the Trustees was fast accumulating. 
Any calculating man can discover that interest money is the 
^* worm that never dies ; " and, with him, it ate out all hope 
of ever being able to extricate himself from his pecuniary 
embarrassments. About 1819 his afiairs were approaching a 
crisis, and by the spring of 1820 his difficulties so harassed 
his mind that it seems he could not bear up under the burden. 
Near the first of May he was di'iven to such despemtion thai 



IIIBTORY OB* KOBAVAY. 121 

lio took his razor and repaired to liis barn very early one 
morning, and applied it to his throat, partly severing tho 
windpipe and some large veins ; he would have shortly ex- 
pired had he not been discovered by his wife, who, having 
occasion to pass by the barn, saw him weltering in his own 
blood. She took a handkerchief from her neck and boubd 
up his wound, and called*, for help. A surgeon was summoned 
with all j)ossiblc dispatch, and the wound dressed in so careful 
a manner, that in a few weeks he was restored' to> tolerable 
bodily health, and seemed to have become very sensible of tho 
awfid deed which he came so near executing. lie conversed 
freely with his friends about the sad affair, and expressed a 
firm determination never to yield to such wrong impulses for 
the future, llis proud spirit was humbled, and he seemed to 
acquiesce, and submit to come down from- the high position 
he had occupied. All pitied him ; and, in fact, almost for- 
gave liini for the nish act lie had committed. His creditors 
felt for him ; they even offered to lend a helping hand to keep 
him up ; but all human strength seemed unequal to the task 
of sustaining his good ' resolutions, and about tlie middle of 
July he put a period to his earthly troubles by cutting tho 
jugular vein on the right side of the neck with his jack-knife. 
Some time in the forenoon he left the house, telling his wife 
he was going to the field where his men were mowing ; but 
he went into the nuracry a few rods from the house and com- 
luitted the fatjil deed. Tho writer summoned a coroner's 
jury, and assisted in taking up the body ; and never, never 
did he behold so horrid a spectacle as that. Thi8 wound was 
below, and a little behind the point of the right jaw, two and 
a half inches deep, and five-eighths of an inch wide — ^just tlie 
width of tho knife. After the wound was given, ho shut up 
the knife, and still held it in his hand when found. The ver- 
dict of the jury was, that he put an end to his life in a stato 
of partial derangement. He fell in the full strength and 
pride of manhood, aged forty- two years. Thus the high hopes 



122 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

of his interesting family were prostrated, as it were, in a mo« 
ment. He occupies a little space in our grave-yard, and that 
is the only spot of ground, of all the Gummings land in Nor- 
way, that is now retained by any of the descendants. Thus 
we may see the instability of all earthly possessions. But I 
will write no more, for the tears of pity drop at the sad recol- 
lection of his untimely end. 

Without leave, I will revert back to the winter of 1816. 
In January, or thereabout, the school-house in district No. 5 
was burnt in the night, and many books were destroyed with 
the building. This was the firat school-house built in the 
town, or rather plantation, as it was built before the town was 
incorporated. Another house was erected on the same spot 
the ensuing summer, which gave place to a new one in 1851. 
The school-house in district No. 1, in the northwest comer 
of the town, was also burnt in Jan., 1819, and rebuilt in the 
ensuing summer. 

I have traced things up along to the time when Maine be- 
came a State, and our town was commencing a new era ; but 
as yet have said nothing about our public-houses ; and lest 
the reader should be fatigued and wish to put up, or take a 
little refreshment, I will now give some account of them. 
Joseph Stevens^ one of the very first settlers, kept the first 
tavern in the town, and it was a good one for that early day« 
He began to put up '^ strangers and travelers and others " as 
early as 1800, but had no license until the County of Oxford 
was organized. He afterwards had a license until he gavid up 
the business, a short time before the organization of the State. 
About 1806, a Dr. Case came into Norway Village and 
stopped a year or more, (he did not act the physician much 
while here,) and opened a tavern in the old Samuel Smith 
house, on the site now occupied by William C, Whitney's 
house ; but there was not sufficient head to make it go, and ho 
emigrated elsewhere. About 1812, Joshua Smith, Esq., 
opened a public-house in the Village, and did a good business 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 128 

till about 1843, when he died, aged 78 years. James Bick- 
ford attempted to keep a public-house in the old Samuel 
Smith house, about 1818, but made rather a failure, and quit 
the business. In 1807-^, William Hobbs built a large house 
at the center of the town, and opened a tavern in 1809 ; he 
coutinueil it until noaily 1820, but the travel was dicn small 
through that pai't of the town. About 1821, Ilezckiah Pin- 
grce opened a public-house at Fuller's Corner, in North 
Norway, but the business was rather small, and he aoon ' 
abandoned it After the building of the new County road 
from Bethel to Norway, which was made passable in 1828^ 
the writer put up travelers as occasion required, and on the 
1st of Jan., 1824, he received a license from the town au- 
thorities for keeping a public-house, and continued the business 
until April, 1851, when the railroad rendered it unnecessary 
for the public accommodation. Innholders' licenses, from the 
organization of the State, were for many years $6,25,' in-* 
eluding the Clerk's fee, amounting to 60 or 75 cents per 
year, which wns paid into the treasury. Increase B-obinson^ 
after building his new and comtnodious house, on the site of 
the old Samuel Smith house, oi^ned a tavern ; but at tliat 
time the Village did not seem to require two public-houseisr, 
and he continued the business but a few years. William Reed 
likewise tried a public-house a short time, about 1820. About 
1830, Ezra F. Beal fitted up a public-house neal* tile Center 
of the Village, and kept it a few ycai-s ; an<l, on i-cmoving to 
Portland, leased the house to Anthony Bennett, (son of Capt. 
Anthony Bennett,) who, in a few years, was succeeded byhib 
brother. Col. Joseph Bennett. In process of time, Mr. Beal 
sold the stand to Titus 0. Brown, who previously had kept a 
tavern at Qray Cbrner for many years, and he and his son- 
in-law, Mr. Amos Puringt6h, managed the house till about 
1842, when Anthony BciihcJtt purchased the stand ; he soon 
after made additions to the hbuse and stable, and fitted up a 
iarge and commodious establishment, which he occupied until 



124 HtdTORt Olr NORWAY. 

Sept. 23, 1851, when all his buildings and most of his furni- 
ture were destroyed by fire. But I shall speak of this hereafter. 
In 1844, William Hayes fitted up a house at the Corner, one 
mile and three-fourths west of the Village, and entertained 
strangers and travelers four or five years. About 1846, a 
company of gentlemen purchased the old tavern-stand so long 
occupied by Joshua Smith, Esq. ; they added a third story io 
the house, and finished the whole in an elegant and convenient 
styles When completed, JameS' N. Hall opened a public^ 
house, known' as the ^' Elm House," and managed it a year 
OF more ; he was succeeded by S. T. Dutton, who kept the 
house about a year and a half, when Otis True assumed the 
management of the establishment, which he yet continues^ - 
This is the only public-house in the town at this time. 

Town officers for 1821 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer; Uriah Holt, Henry Rust, Jonathan 
Woodman, Selectmen; James Crockett, Collector. Norway 
and Hebron were classed together, and a Mr. Greenwood, of 
Hebron, was Representative. 

Valuation, $77,188. NumbcB of polls 262 ; number of 

scholars 591. 

Highway tax, - - - $1009,48 

Tax on County roads, - - 504,02 

Total highway tax, - - . $1513,45 

Money tax, town, County, and State, $1385,74. 
New immigrants : Stephen Cummings, Isaac Clark, RobeH 
Frost, Benjamin Furliong, Thomas Goss, Samuel Jonlan, Ben- 
jamin Jordan, Henry C. Lawrence, John Morse, Abbcrdeau . 
Pmtt, William Rich, John Pike, Jr., Paul Twombly, William 
Shackley, William Totherly, Zachariah Weston, John Weston, 
Amos Downing, John Hix. Old settlera' sons : Jacob 
Bradbury, Nathaniel Bodwell, Nathaniel Cobb, George Frost, 
Daniel Herring, Darius Holt, Jr., Joseph Lombard, Na- 
thaniel Millctt, Jr., Nathan Noble, Jr., Israel Pike, Sylvanus 
Bartlett. 



niSTORY OF NOBWAY. 126 

In the summer of tliis year, or a previous year, Betsey 
Gammon fell down the cellar-stairs in Benjamin Fuller's 
house, and was instantly killed, her neck being broken by the 
fall. She was living at Mr. Fuller's. 

In the winter of 1821, during the first session of the first 
liCgislaturo of the State of Maine, the '^ Rust Gore," so 
called, wits annexed to Norway. As before noticed, it lies 
south of tlie Watcrford three tiers, and probably contains 
about 1800 acres. By this annexation, five or six families 
were added to the town, viz. : John Pike, Jr., Benjamin Jor- 
dan, William Frost, Robert Frost, Zachariah Weston. They 
had long desired the annexation ; and it was owing to an over- 
sight in draughting the fii*st act of incorjtoration, that the 
Gore was omitted. 

Town officers for 1822 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer ; Uriah Holt, Nathan Noble, William Par- 
fifons, Jr., Selectmen ; James Crockett, Collector. Norway 
classed with Greenwood — Uriah Holt, Bepresentatiye. 

Valuation, $77,211. Number of polls 276; number of 

scholars 620. 

Highway tax, common roads, - $1800,00 , 

Overlaid in assessing, - - 42,08 

Extra road tax, with overlayings, - 528,95 

2d " " '* - 622,34: 



Total road tax. 


. 


$2393,8T 


For schools, - 


. 


|!G00,06 


Poor, and town expenses. 


- 


200,00 


County tax, - 


- 


838,68 


State tax. 


- 


177,72 


Overlaid in assessment, 


«. " 


25,68 


Delinquency of highway tax for 1821, 


66,97 



Total money tax, - - - $1899,05 

The extra road tax this year was large, in consequence of 
making a new County road half the length of the town, which 
opened a great thoroughfare from the valley of the Connecticut 



126 BISTORT OF KORWAT. 

river to Portland, and was very much traveled until super^ 
seded by the railroad. Manj wore much opposed to the road 
at first, but it proved of groat utility to Norway Village, and 
to the public travel. 

New iromigrante : Benjamin Barrows, B^uben Chandler, 
John S. French, David H. Gamble, Reuben Hill, John Mc^ 
AUister, Joseph York, Amos Downing, Dr. Asa Danforth« 
Old settlers' sons : Archelaus Fuller, Edmund Merrill, Jr., 
Zenas Pool, Moses Amos, Joel Parsons, Nathan Bradbury, 
Nathan Millett. 

In Dec, 1822/ Bela Noyes, Jr., (now Bela Noyes) waa 
visited with a severe calamity, by having his house burnt. 
He was then unmarried, (but approximating very nearly 
towards that blissful state,) and was finishing his house in 
order to found a home for a family. A young man, Daniel 
Major, who had lived several years, previous to this time, with 
the writer, was at work on the inside of the house, in which 
he and Mr. Noyes lodged, and cooked their food. On the 
evening previous to the fire, they went to bed at the usual 
hour, and about midnight were alarmed by the crackling of 
flames. They sprang suddenly from their bed, and on opening 
the door of the room where the fire cpmmcnocd, it burst upon 
them with such violence that they were obliged to make their 
escape in the quickest way possible. Mr. Noyes broke tlirough 
a panel door, without stopping to open it, and then went out- 
of-doors through a window, bursting out the sash and glass. 
They escaped with nothing on but their shirts, and in the 
midst of a clear, coU December night, in this nude condition, 
they remained on the spot to save the bam fi*om destruction, 
as the wind drove the flames and sparks directly upon it for 
more than one hour ; finally, by the aid of a few neighbors 
who came to their assistance, they saved the bam and its con- 
tents. This fire caused quite a loss to Mr. Noyes ; though 
the amount of property was not great, compared with many 
other losses of this kind, yet it swept oS* his Utile all — ^tho 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 127 

earnings of several years of hard labor. Daniel Major had 
his chest in the house, containing his clothes, tools, pocket- 
book, &;c., with about ^60 in money, and $200 in notes, and 
lost eyerything but his shirt in which he escaped from tho 
flames. The notes were against such men as made no objcor 
tion to paying him honorably, when called upon ; but still it 
was rather a severe loss to him, as he was a poor orphan boy, 
and had no father's house for a shelter in his misfortune. 
' Town officers for 1828 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer ; Uriah Holt, James Flint, Elijah Hal), 
Selectmen; James Crockett, Collector. Uriah Holt, Repre- 
sentative. 

Valuation, $79,015. Number of polls 290 ; number of 
scholars 631. 

Highway tax, common roads, - $1880,46 

Extra road tax, - - - 889,98 



Total, • - . . $2170,89 

Schools, .... $600,00 . 

Poor, and town expenses, - - 200,00 

County tax, - - .- - 260,18 

State tax, - . - . 177,72 

Overlaid in the assessment, - - 44,49 

Delinquency of highway tax for 1822, 74,29 

Total money tax, - - - $1356,68 

Now immigrants : Ephraim Brown, Abbot Holt, Lewis 
Hutchinson, Abijali Ingalls, Jacob Kimball, John B. Swift, 
John Wolcot Old settlers' sons : Josiah Blanchard, Jr., 
Ephraim Briggs, Jr., Edmund Frost, George French, Nehe- 
miah D. Frank, Daniel Hobbs, Jr., Cyprian Hobbs, William 
Hor, Nathan Hor, Levi Lovejoy, Stephen Lovejoy, Samuel 
Merrill, Levi Millctt, Andrew Mills, Solomon Noble, John 
Bichardson, Jr., Elliot Smith, Job E. Stevens, Daniel Wat- 
son, Jr., John Andrews. 

This year, in the spring, or in June, James French (son 
of James French, the early settler) had thfi misfortune to 



128 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

have his bouse burnt, together with considerable other prop- 
erty. The house was built by his father in 1806. 

In July, »this year, a saw-mill built by Maj. Elijah Hall, 
and his son, Thompson Hall, in 1810, was burnt, and much 
lumber lying about theimill was also destroyed. The accident 
was caused by a fire running in the woods, it being extremely 
dry at that time. The owners rebuilt the mill, and about 
1880 sold it to Isaiah Hall and Darius Holt, Jr. In 1886, 
or thereabeut, it was again burnt, and a second .time rebuilt 
by Mr. Hall and others ; and in 1844 was burnt a third time. 
The last two burnings were caused by fire from stoves «scd 
for warming the mill. While sawing shingles on the day the 
mill was last burnt, Edward G. Hall, a son of Isaiah Hall, 
by some accident hiul most of the fingers of his right hand 
cut off witli the circular saw ] and while liis wound was being 
dressed, in a house, the mill took fire and wos destroyed in 
spite of all efforts to save it. A year or two subsequent, 
Dudley B. Holt, a grandson of old Mr. Darius Holt, rebuilt 
the mill again — the fourth building ; it is now owned by David 
P. StowelJ, Esq., of Paris. This succession df saw-mills 
have been built on the same stream on which Amos Upton 
erected a grist-mill soon after the town was settled ; but his 
mill was a mile from the saw-mill, up the stream. 

In Sept., 1828, a very jnortal sickness prevailed in tho 
northwest part of the town, and to some extent in other parts. 
The (disorder was something like the dysentery, accompanied 
with high fever, and baified the skill of the physicians in mo^ 
cases. Thirteen persons died in . one little neighborhood in 
throb weeks, Infancy and ago alike fell before tho destroyer. 

Town officers for 1824: Job Eastman, Clerk; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer ; William Hobbs, Simeon Noble, Job East- 
man, Selectmen ; James Crockett, Collector. Frederick 
Coburn, of Greenwood, Representative. , 

Valuation, |75,495. Number vof polls 268 ; number of 
scholars 571. 



HISTORY OP NORWAY. 129 



Iliglmny tax, common roads, 

Extra roads, - - - 


$1226,02 
1170,19 


Total, - . . . 


$2396,21 


Schools, - - . . 
Poor, aud town charges. 


$550,00 
250,00 


County tax, - 

State tax, - _ _ . 

Overlaid, - _ - . 


182,18 

198,85 

41,89 


Deficiency of highways for 1823, 


81,27 



Total money tax, - - - $1308,69 

Now immigi-ants: Thomas Morcy, Abial Pratt, Thomas 
Pollard, James Smith, Timothy Smith, Enoch Whitney. 
Old scttlera* sons : Andi-ew Case, Amos Foster, William Hall, 
Silas Meriam, Jr., William Needham, Jonathan B. Smith, 
Dresser Stevens, Ezra Twombly. 

Previous to this valuation, probably in 1823, Job E. Ste- 
vens Lad put up a little store at the Corner, since known as 
Ford's Corner, Frost's Corner, &c. This was the first build- . 
ing erected at that place ; the next was a blacksmith's shop, 
built by William Foster in 1829 ; and wo may very fairly 
call him and Stevens the first founders of that little settle- 
ment. Mr. Foster hammered out a good many dollars in that 
shop, and has been succeeded by several others ; Wm. Hayes 
aiow works in the same shop. John B. Ford, from Gray, 
succeeded Stevens in the store, and did a good business ; and 
many others have tried trade at the Corner with various 
success. 

Town oflScers for 1825 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer ; Uriah Holt, William Hobbs, Levi Whit- 
man, Selectmen ; James Crockett, Collector. Uriali Holt, 
llcprcsentativc. 

Valuation, $99,453. Number of polls 267 ; number of 
scholars 635. 

Highway tax, 1741,41. 

9 



180 HISTORY OF KORWAT. 



Schools, 


|550,00 


Poor, and tovn ohargos, 


800,00 


Countjtax, .... 


208,21 


Statotax, .... 


198,85 


Overlaid in assewtment, 


67,14 


Deficiency of highway tax for 1824, - 


50,08 



Total money tax, - - - $1364,28 

No additions to the population worth naming. 

Nothing very remarkable occurred this year, excepting the 
destruction of Elijah Flint's bam, in April, from a singular 
cause. Mrs. Flint was about to set a goose on some eggs, 
I and carried some ashes to the bam to put under the nest ; 
i there happened to be a little too much fire in the ashes, and 
the bam was soon in flames. We have read the old story of 
geese once saving ancient Rome, but we never heard of their 
burning buildings before this occurrence. 

Town officers for 1826 : Job Eastman, Clork ; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer ; Uriah Holt, William Hobbs, Levi Whit- 
man, Selectmen; James Crockett, Collector. Uriah Holt, 
Representative. 

Valuation, $99,826. Number of polls 265 ; number of 
scholars 624. 

Highway tox, $1721,57. 

Schools, - - - - ' $550,00 

Poor, and town charges, - - 850,00 

County tax, - . - - 210,58 

State tax, - - - - 220,10 

OverlayingB, and deficiency of highway, 89,12 

Total money tax, - - - $1420,85 

New immigrants : John Ayer, Charles Gammon, Benjamin 
Herrick, Walter B. Drew, Daniel Lufkin, John Marston, 
John Rice, David Woodman, Eli Whitney, Asa Johnson, 
Joseph Durgin, Dr. J. S. Millett Old settlers' sons : Sam- 
uel Bird, Samuel Cobb, Elijah Flint, Jr., Iliram Millctt, 



HISTORY OP NORWAY, 131 

David Wilkins, David Young, Daniel Pottle, William Eowc, 
Henry C. Beed, Joseph Bennett. 

In May, this year, William Pierce, who lived on the north- 
westerly comer lot of the Cnmmings Gore, was fatally injured 
by tlie fall of a tree upon him, while at work falling trees. 
Tho injury wi^s principally across the small of his back — as 
his lower extremities were entirely helpless until his death. 
He lived about a fortnight, and died June 3d, aO^er much suf- 
fering, aged 40. He left a ^ife and six children bereft of a 
kind husband and father. He was a very upright, industrious 
man, and sot a good example for his family, and that example 
has been well followed, llis widow and second son uow live 
on tho same fai*m, which ranks among the best in that part 
of the town. 

Town officers for 1827: Job Eastman, Clerk; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer ; Uriah Holt, William Hobbs, David Noycs, 
Selectmen ; James Crockett, Collector. Uriah Holt, Repre- 
sentative. 

Valuation, ^101,037. Number of polls 256 ; number of 

scholars 610. 

Highway tax, common roads, - $1212,61 

Extra roads, - • * 992,12. 



Total Ughvaj tax, - - - 


$2204,78 


Schools, . . , - 


|550,00 


Poor, and town charges, 


425,00 


County tax, - - , - 


234,90 


State tax, - - - , 


220,16 


Overlaid in assessment. 


25,32 


Delinquency of highway tax for 1826, 


47,30 



Total money tax, - - - $1502,67 

Now immigrants : Asa Barton, Hiram Barrows, Samuel 

Brown, Rev. John Hayncs, Ira Johnson, Thomas McKin^ 

nee, Elias II. Leighton, Widow Betsey Latham, Rev. Henry 

A, Merrill, George Morrell, Amos Ordway, J. Y. Webster, 



182 1IIST611Y OF NOtfWAY. 

Joel Parkhurst, iToshna Bicker. Old setiicrs' boos : Junes 
Bennett, William Bcal, Jr., William Merrill, Benjamin Tca- 
body, Jr., Joseph Saunders, Zachariah Weston, Jr. 

Town Officers for 1828 : Job Eastmnn, Clerk ; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer ; Uriah Holt, David Noyes, Ena P. Beal, 
Selectmen ; James'Orockett, Collector. Paul Wentworth, of 
-Greenwood, Representative. 

Valuation, $106,090. Number of polls 258 ; number of 

scholars 637. 

Highway tax, common roads, ^ )$1 207,52 

Extra road tax, - • - 1524,69 

Total highway tax, - - $2732,21 

State tax, ^ - . - $220,15 

County tax, - -• - - 284,90 

Schools, .... 550,00 

Poor, and towti expenses, - - 450,00 

^Overlaid in tlie assessments, - -^ 69,64 

^Delinquency of highway for 1827, • 44,11 

'Total money tAX, - - - $1568,80- 

•New immigrants : Daniel BuIIen, Joseph Cushman, Bo»- 

Vell Oummings, Luther Gillson, John Gumey, Rev. Bcnjamiu 

B^' Murray, Amos Work, Cyrus S. Cushman, James D. Suf- 

Tord. Old settlers' sons : Moses Bradbury, William Frosty 

Jr., Levi Oorham, Simeon Herring, Chai-les HiU, Joseph 

Holt, Isaac Hall, Henry Noble, Jacob Parsons, Jr., Mark P. 

Smith, Samuel Flinty John Beal, Joseph DoDy, Jr. 

Towu oflScers for 1829 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Joshua 

Smith, Treasurer ; David Noyes, Thompson Hall, Nathan 

Noble, Jr., Selectmen ; James Crockett, Collector. Uriah 

Holt, Repr^entative. 

Valuation, ^106,258L Number of pojlls 271 ; number <^ 

scholars 600. 

Highway tax, common roadS; «- 4^1248,26 

Extra roads, ... 941,91 

Total highway tax, r - ^ ^2190,17 



HISTORY OF NOBWAT. 13S 

State tax, ^ - . . $220,15 

County tax, - - - - 260,98 

Schoob, - - - - 650,00 

Pooi:, and town charges, - - 600,00 

Building bridge, overjayings, &c.^ - 152,71 

Total money tax, - - - $1088,84 

New immigrants : Nathaniel K. Emery, Seba Gammon, 
William IJ. Goodnow, John Howard, Edmund Millett, Willian^ 
P. Phelps, Eben Rich, Jonathan Sawyer, Joseph Woodman, 
Harvey Wade. Old settlers' sons : Stephen Cummings, Jr., 
Andrew Case, Thomas J. Everett, Benjamin F. Hall, Joel 
Millett, Thomas J. Needham, Isaac Parsons, John Saunders, 
Ira Hobbft. 

This year, on thq 7th of May, Solomon Millett, one of the 
old settlers, lost his bam by fire. He had a cow sick wUh 
the horn distemper, and carried ;to the barn a kettle with some 
live coaU in it in order to smoke the cow's head — producing 
a smoke by burning pieces of old shoes and woolen rags. Ho 
stepped out of the barn, leaving the kettle under the cow's 
nose ; by some means the fire extended beyond the kettle, and 
the barn was almostjnstantly in flames. He lostjfour oxen, 
eight cows, four three years old cattle, and two valuable 
liorses, with several ;tons of hay and considerable grain ; the 
young stock was fortunately in pasture. This was a severe 
loss; but many citizens cheerfully lent a helping hand, in 
labor and materials, towards erecting anoilier large and com- 
modious bam, though but a trifle in comparison with his loss. 
Mr. Millett had always been a very laborious, prudent man, 
and by industry had accumulated a competence of this world's 
goods ; and for this reason his loss was not so distressing t(j^ 
him or his family as it would have been had he been in poor 
circumstances. 

On the 18th of April, this year, l4evi Frank, senior, aged 
63 years, was killed by filling itntp^ a. cellar, w hilc moving a 
bouse for Jolm Parsons^ Jr, The house stood on the farm 



1&4 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

where Jacob Tubbs first purchased, on the Lee Grant, and 
was built by said Tubbs, Mr. Tubbs now sleeps in the silent 
graye, and his farm has had several proprietors, and is now 
owned by Joshua Richardson, Esq., of Portland, and improved 
by his son, Thomas H. Richardson ; it is one of the best 
farms in tlio town. Joshua Richardson has also recently pur- 
chased the fSum above Natlianiel Bennett's, where William 
Gardner first commenced on the Lee Grant, as early as 1790< 
tt is now a fine fiirm. It has had many different o^vnors, but 
19 now occupied by Williani P. Richardson, a bo]\ of the owner. 

Town ofiicers for 1880 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Joshua 
Bmith, Treasurer; David Noyes, Thompson Hall, Nathan 
Koble, Selectmen ; James Crockett, Collector. William Par* 
sons, Jr., Representative. 

Valuation, $107,915. Number of polls 274 ; number of 

scholars 620. 

Highway tax, common roads, - $1562,80 

Extra road tax, - - - 619,73 



Total highway tax, ... 


$2082,58 


State tax, - - ^ . 


$220,15 


Countytax, - - i * 
Schools, . . - - 


260,98 


700,00 


Poor, and town charges, •» 


650,00 


Overlaid in assessment. 


79,87 


Delinquency of highway, 


9,19 


Supplement added after assessment, 


13,90 



Total money tax, - - - $1884,15 

Now immigrants : Ephraim Barrows, Hchvard Decoster^ 
Joseph Mitchell, Ethiel Stevens, Isaac Titcomb, Rodney Tit* 
comb, John C. Walker, Jeremiah Woodward, Dr. Nathaniel 
Grant, Zachariah Wardwell. Old settlers' sons : John Bird, 
Jr., William Cox, Jr., Amos Downing, Jr., William Everett, 
Silas Fuller, Samuel Foster, Woodward W. Latham, Amos 
Meriam, Seth Morse, Alonzo Morse, Wai*d Noyes, William 



UISTOHY OF NORWAY. 185 

Stevens, Moses A. Stevens, John Tucker, Ansel Town, 
James Tubbs. 

In August, this year, John Parsons, Jr., lost his bam, well 
filled with hay, by its being struck with lightning, and set on 
fire. He then owned, and lived on the fiirm first purchased 
by Jacob Tubbs. The loss was considerable, especially iu 
hay. His grain, fortunately, was still in the field. 

One other thing, happening this year, may be worthy of 
note. There probably was a greater addition made to Norway 
Village, in the way of buildings, than in any other year since 
the settlement of the town. The three brick buildings in the 
central part of the Village were built this year, and many 
others of various kinds and for various uses, making the whole 
number thirty. 

In April, this year, Benjamin Witt, had his house burnt 
in the daytime — cause unknown. It was a large house, two 
dtories in front, and one on the back side, and was decently 
finished. He lost considerable household stuff, as the fire 
dprcad so itipidly tlicro was little time to save tlio contents df 
the house. 

Town officers for 1831 : 'Job Eastman, Clerk ; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer; Uriah Holt, Ichabod Bartlett, Nathan 
Noble, Selectmen ; James Crockett, Collector. William Par- 
sons, Jr., Representative. 

Valuation, $109,236. Number of polls 268 ; number of 

scholars 651. 

Highway tax, common roads, * $1569,96 

Extra roads, * - - 310,51 

Total highway tax, - * - ^1880,4T 

State tax, . *. i. - $250,86 

County tax, - - - . 818,60 

Schools, . . . u 675,00 

Poor, and town charges, - * 700,00 

!For building river bridge, ^ * 400,00 

Overlayings, delinquency o^ highway, 24,50 



186 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

Supplement, - - - 6,89 



Total money tax, - - - $2875,85 

New immigrants : Thomas Austin, Matthias Furlong, Ed- 
mund Phinney, William Gaines, David P. Hannaford, Na- 
thaniel Libbey, Alexander 11. Piper, Thomas Roberts, David 
Cilley. Old settlers' sons : Samuel Andrews, Jr., Rufus F. 
Real, Charles Frost, Stephen Greenleaf, Jr., Alva Hobbs, 
Charles Tubbs, Abner Downing. 

This year, the citizens of Norway and vicinity celebrated 
the anniversary of our National Independence at Norway 
Village, In this celebi*ation there was no political , party 
known, and no political feelings were indulged — ovt hud — 
whatever individuals might think. Ezra F. Real had, a short 
time before this, opened liis new tavern, and furnished the 
dinner with the requisite trimmings — such as liquors, punch, 
wine, and beer. He did the tiling up handsomely, and no 
fault found, nor was there occasion for any. 

The procession, after being formed, moved to the meeting- 
house, where the throne of gi'ace was addressed by the Rev. 
R. R. Murray, the Declaration, of Independence read by 
David Noycs, and an oration pronounced by Dr. J. S. Mil- 
lett. The oration was chaste, classic, and eloquent, free from 
anything pointedly political, and appeared to bo delivered with 
good feeling ; it was received wuth equal good feeling by a 
crowded audience. After the cloth w^as removed, the follow- 
ing thirteen regular toasts were drank amidst the roar of 
cannon, and the cheering strains of excellent music. 

l.—Tha ith of Jvhj—n\Q birth-day of our Nation's 
Independence. May tliat spirit, which animated the Patriots 
of '76 to burst the bonds of tyi'anny and oppression, never 
cease to glow with increasing ardor in the bosoms of their 
offspring to the latest posterity. 

2. — Tlie ConstittUioii of the United States — Framed by 
the Heroes and Sages of tlie Revolution — may it long remain 
a memento of their virtue, humanity, and patriotism. 



J UISTOUY OF NORWAT* 18T 

8. — Tlie Unhn of the States — DistractiodM to tho brain, 
aud palsy to the arm, that vrould sover the weakest tie that 
binds us together. 

4. — The yeomanry of Maine — A free government needs 
no other support than an enlightened community. 

5. — AgridtUttrey Cotnmcrce^ Manvfa^tiires, and the Me- 
chanic Arts — Tho &ur grand pillara which support the fabric 
of our National Independence. 

6. — Our Nartfieastem Boundary — Let Justice mark the 
line, and Yankee bravery establish it 

7. — T/w memory of Washington — " First in peace, first 
hi war, first in the hearts of his countrymen." 

** He burst the fetters of our land, 

He taught us to be free ; 
He raised the dignity of man, 

He bade a Nation be." 

And it was so. 

8. — GknkhaTi Lapayktte— An herald proofaf/ns before 
him, that ho is tho man that Freemen AoYif^lxt to lienor. 

9. — T/ic Heroes of the /Jerotoio/i— Although most of 
them have withdrawn from tho festivities of tlds day, yet 
their achievements are fresh in our memories. 

10. — American Independence — The center of tho great 
Solar System of civil and religious liberty. May its effui- 
gcnco dispel the darkness of deS])otism and bigotry, and light 
the flame of liberty throughout tho universe. 

11. — Poland, and all other Nations stniggling for 
liberty — May God speedily break tho rod of the oppressor, 
and let tlie oppressed go free. 

12. — Our Sc/ioolSf Academies , and Colleges — Tho safe- 
guards of our liberties. 

18. — Our mothers and sisters , our wives and sweet- 
hearts — The nearest, dcaicst, and most beloved objects of our 
aflections ; may tliey instil into tho minds of our oITspring, 
and youth, the love of virtue, liberty, and independence. 



188 HISTORY OP NORWAY. 

There were seyeral yolunteer sentiments offered, after tbo 
regular toasts ; but by a previous arrangement, everything of 
the kind was penned down, and passed the ordeal of the com- 
mittee on toasts ; and if free fi*om any obnoxious sentiments, 
was passed to the toast-master and given to the company. 
Thus everything went along in the utmost harmony, with 
nothing to jar^ or to mar^ the good feelings that seemed to 
pervade the crowded tables. The writer happening to be 
toast-moster at this grand celebration, has the original toasts 
in his possession, and thought it might amuse some readers to 
peruse such old, by-gone things. He finds inscribed on the 
old paper the following motto : " Then Men felt free?'* 

Town officers for 1832 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; ^Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer ; David Noyes, Ichabod Bartlett, Nathan 
Noble, Selectmen; James Crockett, Collector. Ichabod 
Bartlett, lleprcsentativo. 

Valuation, $115,697. Number of polls 278 ; numboi- of 

scholars 657. 

Highway tax, common roads, - $1567,15 

Extra roads, . - - - 620,29 



TotaJ highway tax, - - - 

State tax, - - - - 
GouAt^taz, - - - - 
Schoou, - - - . 
Poor, and town charges, 
Overlajings, and delinquency of highway, 


$208^,44 

$250,86 

12T,70 

675,00 

500,00 

82,62 



Total money tax, - - - $1586,18 

New immigrants : Samuel Diibn, Joseph C. Green, James 
Hill, Asa Holt, Jonathan Martin, Anthony Martin, Ransom 
Ripley, Joseph S. Rounds, John M. Wilson, William C. 
Whitney, Lee Mixer, Asia Ford. Old settlers's sons : Rufiid 
[Griggs, Solomon Downing, Alpha B. Everett, Charles Gam-> 
mon^ Orin Hobbs^ Richard n. Houghton, Charles Parsonsj 
John l^uckcn 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 189 

Town of&cers for 1833 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Joshua 
Smitli, Treasurer ; Uriah Holt, Jonatlian Swift, Elliot Smith, 
Selectmen; James Crockett, Collector. Ichabod Sartlett, 
Representative. 

Valuation, $116,374. Number of polls 802 ; number of 
scholars 657. 

Highway tax, $2610,26. 

State tax, . • . - $250,80 

County tax, - - - - 191,55 

Schools, - - - - 675,00 

Poor, and town charges, - - 500,00 

Ovcrlayhigs, and delinquency of highway, 74,58 

Total money tax, - - - $1691,99 

New immigrants: Micah Allen, Austin Buck, Bufus 
Chadboum, Richard Evans, William A. Evans, Columbus 
Iloldcn, Perry D^ Judkins, Emery Livcrmore, Thomas Mar- 
tin, John I^artin, Levi Roberts, William Stanley, Hiram 
Stevens, John Tuttle, Ephraim Whitcomb, Augustus Wilkins, 
Isaac Wotlierbee. Old scttlei*s' sons : Lyman Bird, James 
Downing, William Frost, 8d, Simeon Frost, James French, 
jr., Stephen Hall, Pleaman Holt, William W. Hobbs, Wilson 
Hill, Cyrus Lord, Noah Meriam, Henry MeiTill, Eli Merrill, 
Daniel L. Millett, Moses Parsons, Moses A. Stevens, Cephas 
Sampson. 

Town officers for 1834: Job Eastman, Clerk: Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer; Jonathan Swift, Elliot Smith, John Mil- 
lett, jr., Selectmen ; Henry W. Millett, Collector. Ichabod 
Bartlett, Representative. 

Valuation, $119,570. Number of polls 809 ; number of 
scholars 687 ; number of voters 365. 

Highway tax, $2017,70. 

Statotax, ... - $250,86 

County tax, - - ^ . 255,45 

Schools, . . - . 675, OQ 

Poor, and town charges, - - 800,00 



140 HISTORY OP NORWAY. 

Overiayings, delinquency liighway, supplement^ 97,01; 

Total money tax, - - - |1578,81 

Now immigiivnts : Joel Barrows, Titus 0. Brown, Goi'dner 
Ghadboum, Sampson Dunham, William Favor, Jotham Good- 
now, John Harmon, George Kimball, Joseph Morse, William 
H. H. McGillfry, Sumner Shed, Joshua B. Stuart, Benjamia 
Sturteviint, Daniel Thurston, David Whitcomb, Elbanan 
Winchester, Jonathan Wlutohouse, James Yoatten. Old set- 
tlers' sons : Himm Stetson, Samuel Andrews, jr., Samuel 
Beal, Asa Hix, jr., Cliandler F. MiUett, Henry L. Noyes, 
Simeon W. Pierce, Francis A. Heed, Lorenzo D. Shackley, 
William Witt. 

About tho foro part of May, this year, Plcaman Holt had 
a bam burnt, about 12 o'clock at night, with some hay, kCy 
in it. This fire was boliovcd to bo tho work of an incendiary, 
but the thing was slu*ouded in so much mystery tliat the facts^ 
were never proved. 

Town officers for 1835: Job Eastman, Clerk; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer ; Jonathan Swift, John Millett, jr., Henry 
W. Millett, Selectmen ; Jacob Bradbury, Collector. William 
Pai*sons, jr., Roprcscntativo. 

Valuation, $129,949. Number of polls 300 ; number of 
scholars 003. 

Highway tax, $2345,18. 

State tax, - ^ - - $250,86 

County tax, - - - - 255,4S 

Schools, .... 675,00 

Poor, and town charges, - - 850,00 

Overlayings, delinquency highway, supplement, 42,44 . 

Total money tax, - - - f 1573,7S 

New immigrants : Dwight Avery, Pinkney Burnham^ 
Ballard, Frederick Coultman, Isaiah Daily, Lyman 



Daniels, Jonas Eastman, Scth Philpot, Edmund Foster, Rich- 
ard Garland, Eljcnczcr Holmes, liinim llanis, Augustus 



IIIBTOIIY OF NORWAY. 141 

llaiTis, Timothy JonUn, Charles Pcnlcy} John Pierce, Asa 
Thayer, WiUiam Wilkins, Loren II. Wrisley, Azel Tuttle, 
David R, Holden. Old settlers' sons : Benjamin Bird, Cad 
J. Blancliard, John Frost, jr., Amos T. Holt, John Hill, Na- 
IImui Morse, jr., William W. D. S. Millett, Ebenesser J. Pottle, 
Mark S. Bicliardson, Uriah Upton, Ainos F. Noyes, Wash- 
ington Frencli, Williiun Noble. 

On tlio 27th of April, 1835, Mr, David Whitcomb, for- 
merly of Waterford, was killed at IlalFs saw-mill, by logs 
Tolling upon him. He was about 65 years of age, and liad 
lived in Norway but a short time. Ephraim Whitcomb, a 
blacksmith, was his son, {ind came to Norway in 1833 ; ho 
lias resided in town most of the time since, but died in Paris 
in 1851, of hemoh*hage of the lungs. 

Town officers for 1836 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer ; John Millett, jr., Simon Stevens, Cyrus 
Cobb, Selectmen; Joseph Bennett, Collector. Henry W. 
Millett, Representative. 

Valuation, $127,607. Number of polls 806 ; number of 
scholars 664. 

Highway tax, #2547,76. 

County tax, . - - - $351,25 

Schools, . - - - 675,00 

Poor, and town charges, - - 850,00 

Additional sum afterwards raised for town charges, 200,00 
Overlayings, delinquency highway, supplement, 66,8T 

Total money tax, - - - |1648,12 

Now immigrants : David M. Brown, William W. Berry^ 
Elbridge G. Fuller, Jeremiah Howe, William Hall, jr.> 
I'rancis Holden, Benjamin Holden, Addison A. Latham, John 
Martin, John Millett, 3d, Ilezekiah McLitier, Richard Mc- 
Intier, William Pratt, Samuel Pierce, James Yates, Richard 
Lombard. Old settlers' sons : Asa Packard, Ebenezer Ban- 
ci-ofli, jr., Samuel Crockett, Perlcy French, David 0. Ilolt^ 
Jeremiah/ W. Hobbs, Seth Pike, William Pingree, jr., (Jyo»^ 



142 HI8T0BT OF NORWAY. 

▼ille L. Beed, James Shacklej, Daniel G. Town, Jacob Tnbbs, 
Kimball Holt, Nathaniel Andrews. 

On the 5th day of Feb., this year, Nathan Foster, one of 
tho early settlors, died in a very sudden manner. He went 
to Iiis bam about 9 o'clock, A. M., carrying with him some 
potatoes for his calves ; in a short time after, he was wanted, 
and when sent for, was found dead in his barn-yard. He 
had sometimes been subject to faint spells, and the probability 
is, that he was taken in one of his fainting fits, fell upon tlio 
icy yard, and was stunned by the fall, or died in a fit. Ho 
left a large family to mourn his sudden exit 

Town officers for 1837 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Joshua 
Smith, Treasurer ; Simon Stevens, Gyrus Cobb, Jonathan B. 
Smith, Selectmen ; James Crockett, Collector. Jonathan B. 
Smith, llepresentativo. 

Valuation, |128,719. Number of polls 822 ; number of 
scholars 723. 

Highway tax, $3094,17. 

County tax, - - - • |383,17 

Schools, ... - 675,0a 

Overlaid in the assessment, - n 46,13 

Delinquency of highway, - - 28,70 

Supplement, ... 34,6S 

Total money tax, - - - 11162,60 

New immigrants : Titus 0. Brown, jr., Ebenezer Crowell, 
John Deering, Timothy H. Hutchinson, Edwin F. Hutcliin- 
son, Ebenezer N. Holmes, Erastus Hilboum, Richard M. 
Jordan, Peter Knight, Asa McAllister, John McAllister, 
George J, Ordway, Timothy Smith, Rev. Charles Soule, 
Jolm B. Stowell, Samuel Stowell, €>jrrus S. Thayer, William 
Verrill, Silas W. Bumpus, Rev. Reuben Milner. Old set- 
tlers' iom : George W. Cox, Luther P. Foster, Timothy J. 
Frost, James S. Greenleaf, Samuel Hill, Eben C. Shackley, 
Francis Upton, jr., David F. Young, Joel S. Frost, George 
W. Everett. \ 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 143 

This year, a town census was taken on account of tlie sur- 
plus revenue. The inhabitants, of all ages, numbered 1791. 
The first instalment was loaned in sums of $25 to $50 ; the 
second instalment was loaned in smaller sums of $10 ; and 
after the legislature passed an act giving towns the power to 
distribute the money, the town, or a large part of it, was 
anxious for the distribution, and it accordingly took place — 
the sum averaging $2 per head, besides the expense. It was 
quite an unnatural measure for government to distribute money 
to the people, while the government is supported by the 
people. 

On the 4th of July, this year, Bradley Foster, aged 18 
years, was drowned. There was a sort of celebration in the 
adjoining town of Greenwood, and he, with other boys, went 
to participate in the recreations of the day. A company of 
boys resorted to a mill-pond for the purpose of bathing, and 
by some mishap he got into too deep water, and drowned be- 
fore he could bo rescued. He was the son of Nathan Foster, 
jr., and grandson of Nathan Foster, sen. Ilis father died on 
the 19th of Jan., this same year, and his grandfather was 
found dead in his barn-yard on the 5th of Feb., 1836. The 
mother of the unfortunate boy still remains a widow, and 
resides in the city of Lowell, as also do several of her 
children. 

Town oflScers for 1838 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Henry Rust, 
Treasurer ; Simon Stevens, Jonathan B. Smith, John Whit- 
marsh, Selectmen ; James Crockett, Collector. Elliot Smith, 
llepresentative. 

Valuation, $115,924. Number of polls 325 ; number of 
scholars 726. 

Highway tax, .$2092,49. 

County tax, - - - - •# 383,17 

Schools, - - . - 675,00 

Poor, and town charges, - - 1000,00 

For building town-house, - - 500, OQi 



144 HISTORY 0? KORWAY. 

OverUjings, delioqnency highway, supplement, 126,81 

Total money tax, - - - $2684,98 

Now immigrants : Daniel H. Blake, Salmon Cnshman, 
Alonzo Curtis, Gilman Davis, Walter B. Drew, Charles 
Gardner, Timothy Hodgdon, Lorenzo Hathaway, John Howe, 
Jacob Hcrrick, James Haskell, Josiah Libby, Lewis Mixer, 
Ward Mclntier, Samuel Partridge, Joseph Richardson, Bct. 
Luke P. Rand, Stephen Rowe, David Sanborn, George W. 
Smith, Daniel B. Sawyer, Dr. Leander S. Tripp, Amos Pu- 
rington, Ephraim Brown, jr. Old settlers' sons : John 
Bancroft, Amos W. Briggs, William Briggs, Joshua Frost, 
John Gallison, William Hill, William Knight, Henry Love- 
joy, Solomon L Millett, Nathan K Noble, George W. Parsons, 
Moses A. Young, Daniel H. Buck, Simon P. Everett 

This year, the town built a suitable house in which to hold 
town-meetings, and for other town business. After the erec- 
tion of the £!ongregational meeting-house by Maj. Jonathan 
Cummings,lfae town-meetings were held in that building; but 
they made rather dirty work in the house, and some £stult was 
"" found — probably not without reason ; 90 the town concluded 
to build a house Tor its especial use. There was some excite- 
ment on the question of a place for the house ; but the 
committee chosen for the purpose of selecting a central and 
convenient spot, selected the site now occupied, on the land of 
David Noyes, and he gave the land free to the town for so 
long a time as the house sliall be used exclusively for the 
transaction of town business. 

Tpwn officers for 1889 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Henry Rust, 
Treasurer ; Simon Stevens, John Whitmarsh, Henry C. Reed, 
Selectmen; James Crockett, Collector. Elliot Smith, Rep- 
resentative. 

Valuation, $114,908. Number of polls 818 ; number of 
scholars 717. 

Highway tax, $2218,99. 



niSTORY OP NORWAY. 145 

County tox, .... $ 348,62 

Schools, .... 675,00 

Poor, and town charges, - - 1000,00 • 

Overkyings, delinquency highway, supplement, 89,12 

Total money tax, - - - $2112,74 

Now immigrants : William Bisbcc, Alva York, Caleb * 
Cushman, Alvan Clifford, Henry Clifford, James F. Carter, 
John CoflSn^ Alvan Dinsmore, Ara S. Fuller, Isaac Farring- 
ton, Mark S. Grover, Saunders Kimball, Magnus llidlon, 
Moses Swan, Samuel Whitney. Old settlers' sons : David 
Andrews, Asaph Bird, Henry L. Crockett, Hiram Everett, 
David Frost, William Lord, Jr., James Lassell, Leonard 
Young, Jacob F. Holt. 

On the 15th day of June, this year, John S. Shed's house 
was burnt ; cause of the fu*e unknown. Mr. Shed was ab- 
sent, about one mile distant, and did not get home in time to 
do anything towards saving the contents of the house. The 
house was 28 feet by 36, the outside well finished, and a con- 
siderable part of the inside ; it was rather a haixl loss for the 
owner. His father, who was killed in 1818, in raising N. i?^ 
Shed's house, built the house in 1806, on the farm where he 
first began in 1788. 

Town officers for 1840 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Henry Rust, 
Treasurer ; Simon Stevens, Henry C. Reed, Solomon Noble, 
Selectmen; James Crockett, Collector. Simon Stevens, 
Representative. 

Valuation, $116,887. .Number of polls 321 ; number of 

scholars 713 ; number of inhabitants, by the. census, 1786. 

Highway tax, common roads, - $1881,84 

Extra roads, - - - 628,11 

Total highway tax, .- - - $2409,95 

State tax, - - - - $487,60 

County tax, - - - - 196,18. 

Schools, .... 675,00' 

Pooi;, and town charges, - - 2500,00- 

10 



146 mSTORT OF NORWAY. 

OverlajingB in aasessment, - - 112,95 

Delinquency of highvrajr, and supplement, 55,78 

Total money tex,. - - - |4027,46 

Now I hope our good citizens, and others, yfoxCt be startled 
at our enormous tax for this year^ as the town then purchased 
a farm for its poor, which cost $1110, with several hundreds 
of dollars additional for repairs of buildings, furniture, stock, 
and fanning implements ; besides all this, the town incurred 
considei*ablo expense in 1839 in fitting out tlio soldiers for the 
Madawaska war, which left the treasuiy rather low at the 
commencement of 1840. 

New immigrants : Depleura Bisbee, Benjamin Cummings, 
Archibald B. Ward, Charles Cushman, William Coleman, 
Thomas Ellis, Jonathan Merrow, Ilorsloy Shed, Winslow 
Bamsdale, Beuel Shaw, Theodore Yenill, Joshua II. Whit- 
ney, John Davis. Old settlers' sons : Daniel Bancroft, 
Ephraim S. Crockett, Samuel P. Frost, Kobert Hall, Brad- 
bury C. A. Pingree, Amos Upton, Jr., Joseph Eastman, 
Lewis H. Hobbs, Perez B. Latham. 

In December, this year, there was a small fire in the Vil- 
lage. Daniel Holt's blacksmith shop was burnt in the night 
time, and his coal-house adjoining, or very near, was also 
burnt; the wind being westerly, no other buildings were 
injured. Loss not very great, or distressing, but yet it caused 
considerable loss and inconveniience to the owner. 

Early in the fall, 1840, widow Estlier Millett lost her barn 
and its contents by fire. The cause of tlie fire ought to be a 
caution to. all bays^ and 9non, too, about discharging guns in 
or about their buildings. One of her boys seeing a squirrel 
on the bam, running along under the eaves, got liis gun and 
shot thd poor little animal ; and probably some part of the 
wad passed through a crack between the boards, and was uh- 
noticed at the time, but shortly after the brm was discovered 
in flames* Mrs. Millett, in May, 1826^ lost her husband^ in 



HISTORY OP NORWAY; 147 

tlic full vigor of manhood, aged 40 yeai*s, and had with un- 
common fortitude and industry encountered all the hardships 
and inconveniences of a widowed life ; she had nobly suc- 
ceeded in keeping her family and; farm; together, and finished 
a new house which was partly built when her husband died ; 
yet she was not exempted from this heavy loss. The next 
year she replaced the old bam by a much larger and better 
one, and is still living on the same farm, in good circum- 
stances. 

To^vn officers for 1841 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Elliot Smithy 
Treasurer ; Kenry C. Reed, Solomon Noble, Ichabod Bart- 
Ictt, Selectmen. Simon Stevens, Representative. 

Valuation,. |114,4!?3. Numbly of polls 310 ; number of 

scholars 723. 

IBghway tax, common roads, - $2818,35 

Extra roadsj - - - 1262,16 



Total highif^y tax, ^ . ^ 


$3580,61 


Stato tax, - . . -. 


#720,91 


County tax, - - -. , 


282,08 


Schools, - . _ . 


750,00 


Poor, and town cLqrgcs, 


1600,00 


Ovcrkyings, . _ - 


70,1 » 


delinquency of highway. 


28,79 


. Supplement added after assessment, 


06,07 



Total money tax, - - - |3398,04 

On the 12th day of Sept., tho town voted to raise money 
for making the new County road from Ford's Corner to Otis- 
field line — the road to be let out in small sections to the lowest 
bidder ; and the sum was accordingly assessed, amounting to 
^1262,16. This made a large addition to the already heavy 
money tax, making the whole for this year $4660,20. Tho 
road was made that fall, and has proved a very useful one. 

New immigrants : Isaac Abbott, Ephraim H. Bit)wn, Jamca 
IIale> Richaid Jackson, Noah Joidan, Aruna Judkins, Peau 



148 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

A. Kilgofe, William Kelley, Alexander Libby, Joseph Tur- 
iier, Eugene Upton, Simeon Walton, Nathan Hathaway, 
ifoses Hanscum, James N. Hall. Old settlers' sons : Joseph 
K. Ames, Benjamin G. Ban'ows, IIii*am W. Dcering, Henry 
Upton, Jonathan G. Noble. 

The first new immigrant mentioned this year is Isaae Ab- 
bott. I speak of him here because I find his name on the 
tax list, but I hope his tax was abated. He came into the 
town in 1808, and has lived here mostly since, but a part of 
the time in Oxford. He has been a very unfortunate man, 
and is deserving the sympathy of all who possess the proper 
feelings of humanity. His| father, with a large family, emi- 
grated from Andover, Mass., to East Andover, (as it was 
then called) in Maine, probably about 1800. The place was 
then new, with but few settlera. About the winter of 1804, 
a family wished to move from East Andovor to Errol, N. H., 
on the west side of Umbagog lake ; and Iss^ic Abbptt, then a 
very active, vigorous young man, went to drive an ox-team, 
among others, for the conveyance of the household goods and 
family. There was little, or no rpad through Letter B town- 
ship, and they had to cross Umbagog lake with their teams. 
On their return homo, they found the water had risen over 
the ice ; they were overtaken by a violent storm and cold 
squalls, which completely hid the poor track; they were 
almost lost in the storm, and the whole company came very 
near perjshing on the lake. They finally unyoked their oxen, 
and succeeded in getting out to a settlement with their lives 
spared. Mr. Abbott was frozen in a shocking manner, having 
both feotj nearly, or quite, to his ancles, frozen hard ; and 
traveled for several miles, after his feet were hard as ice, by 
holding to the tail of a gentle ox. He was conveyed home, 
and after intense pain and sufiering, had both feet ainputated 
at the ancles ; but the thing was probably not very skillfully 
done ; he suflFered a long time, and finally, before jiis legs 
could be healed up, he underwent a second amputation of both 



HISTORY OP NORWAT. 14ft 

legs about eight inclios below tho knees. Afber tlie h&t am- 
putation, bis stumps healed up sound, and he ever since ha3. 
Ayalked on his knees, and baa, wonderful to reUte, performed 
much hard labor. A few years aftei^ his legs were amputated 
the last time, he married a daughter of Asa Lovejoy, (one of 
tho early settlers on the Watcrford three tiers,) and hq3. 
brought up a family of SQveral children. 

I ought to have noticed, in the account of 1840, that Baker 
Ames had a SQU, John Ames, drowned in tlie mill-pond, above 
tho Village mills ; he went upon the ice to play, with other 
boys, and broke through, and before help could bo procured, 
sauk to rise no more. lie was drowned Dec. 4, 1840, aged 
iiino years. 

There have been several very narrow escapes from drowning 
iu tho pond, by venturing upon ice when not strong enough to, 
be safe. About 1833, on thanksgiving day, Ephraim S. 
• Crockett, a son of Ephraim Crockett, who lives ojx the east 
side of tho pond, nearly oi)iK)sito tlio writer's farm, thinking 
to have a fine tiniQ-skatjpg oa the ice, crossed tlie head of tho 
j>ond to D. Noyea', and Claudius A. Noyes, then about twelve 
years of age, went with him. to participate, in the amusement 
of skating. They skated awhile, and growing more venture- 
some, went near the middle of the pond, when Crockett broke 
in, and could not get upon the ice again, as when he attempted 
to spring ijipon it, it would break, without jissigting him from 
tho water. In this dilemma, C. A. N(»yos, although but a 
small boy, told him to hold upon the edge of the ice, and he 
would soon help him ; he then skated quickly to the shore, 
and took a long, slim pole from a fence, and going, within the 
length of the pole, to the other boy, he laid hijjaself! dowQ on 
the ice, and reached him the small end, which he* grasped 
tightly, aud giving a smart spring, was pulled out of the 
water, and drawn to where tho ice was strong enough to bear 
them. They had had skating enough for one thanksgiving. 
James Bennett; al>Qut the same year, broke through the ico 



150 HIST0R7 OF KORWAT. 

>vhilo skating, and being alone, came very near dro^ming. 
lie kept tiying to spring upon tbd ice, -which continued breaks 
lug, until it was broken to a place strong enough to hold him 
up, when he succeeded in getting from die water, but was 
nearly chilled to death. He says that was a sufficiency of 
skatmg for him. 

To^vn officers for 1842 : Job Eastman, Clerk ; Elliot Smith, 
Treasurer ; Henry C. Reed, Solomon Noble, Ichabod Bart- 
Ictt, Selectmen. Bcnjamiu Tucker, Jr., llcprescntative. 

Valuation, $154,018. Number of polls 800 ; number oif 
scholars 690. 
Highway tax, $2615,38. 

^tatetax, - - - . $720,91 

County tax, - - - - 814,43 

Schools, ... - 750,00 

Poor, and town charges, - - 600,00 

Ovorlayings, - - - 79,99 

Delin<^ueucy of highway, and supplement, 50,13 

Total monciy tax, - - - $2515,46 

New immigrants : Elias Adamft, Nathaniel G. Bacon, Isaac 
Bolster, Alfi-ed P. Bumell, Henry R. Cushmj^, Caileb Her- 
Bcy, Jjicob Ilcrrick, James M. Lewis, Bartlo Perry, Gardner 
Howe, William Stowell, lElias Stowcll, Rev. Titnothy J. Tcn- 
^loy, Foster Wentworth. Old settlers' sons : Steadman 
Bennett, Joshua B. Crockett, Calvin L. Herring, Samuel 
Lord, 2d, Edwin Morse, Edward H. L. Morse, Israel D. Mil- 
Ictt, David B. Noycs. 

This year, on the 18th day of March, Col. John Millctt'a 
liouse was burnt, and but little saVed from it. It was a good 
farm-house, and the loss large. Origin of the fire unknown. 

ToAvn officers for 1843: Simon Stevens, Clerk; Elliot 
Smith, Treasurer ; Jonathan Swift, John Parsons, Jr., Ben- 
jamin Tucker, Jr., Selectmen; George J. Ordway, Collector. 
Classed with Oxford, and John J. Perry, of Oxford, Repro* 
scntative. 



HISTORY OP NORWAY. 161 

Valuation, $150,312. Number of polls 847 ; number of 

isoliolars 713. 

Highway tax, $8610,01. 

State tax, - . - . $720,91 

County tax, - - ^ - 262,02 

Schools, .... 750,00 

Poor, and town cbai-ges, - - 800,00 

To build bridge pier, »• - 60,00 

O vcrlayings, dehnqfeoncy highway, supplement, 134,84 

Total money tax, u *. . $2717,77 

New immigrants ; William Andrews, Solomon Cloudman, 
Adna 0. Dcuison, Moses G. Dow, Samuel Favor, Elhanan 
Vf. Fylcr, Thomas Iliggins, Nathaniel 0. Hicks, Darius 
Holt, 8d, E/^'kicl Jackson, William Ilutchins, John Wood- 
man, Edmund S. Dean. Old settleirs' sons :• Ebenezer Ban- 
ci-oft, Jr., licvi Bartlett, William Suck, Churchill Cobb, 
Nathan M. Crockett, Eliab Frost, Cornelius Hobbs, Lyman 
Hobbs, Ora Hix, Solomon S. Hall, Jeremiah Hall, Stephen 
Hall, William Merrill, Benjamin Miu*ston, Claudius A. Noycs, 
Simon Stevens, 2d, Oren Tubbs, William Upton, Daniel M. 
Young. 

This year will ever be memorable in the annals of Norway, 
on account of the destruction of Esquire Eastman's dwelling 
house by fire, and the records of the town from the time of 
its incorporation. It is supposed, but not certainly known, 
that die fire communicated to the house from ashes in the 
wood^house. When the fire was discovered, the inmates had 
not a moment to spare, but made their escape by tlie back 
door, which had not been used for the winter. They got out 
with nothing on them but their night-clothes. Esquire East^ 
man was then about 93 years old, quite unwell, and could 
hardly walk in the liouso ; the snow was four feet deep from 
tlie door to the road, with a fence to bo got over in the way. 
Mi*s. Eastman, with almost superhuman strength, dragged 
iiim through snow licja-ly up to hfer arms, put him over tho- 



152 niSTOBY OF NORWAT. 

fence, and got Iiim into the barn-yard, as mnch from the wind 
as possible, and then wrapped him ina oovorlet, which she 
had fortunately dmggcd from the bed with her husband. Ann 
A. Shaw, a gmnddaughtor of Mis. Eastman, about fifteen 
years of age, escaped in the same nude condition as the others, 
and rendered her grandmother all the assistance in her power. 
They were exposed to the severe cold for a considerable time. 
The fire was at length discovered from Mr. William Hobbs'-^ 
the alarm being given by old Mi*s. Richardson— when his boys 
hastened to the scene of distress. As soon as they arrived at 
the burning house, one of them ran home, hastened back with 
a horse and sleigh, and carried the family to Mr. Hobbs' in a 
piteous condition. Mrs. Eastman's feet were shockingly 
frozen ; and as soon as the frost was out, they were a com- 
plete blister nearly to her ancles, excepting the upper parts. 
The girl was considerably frozen, but nothing compared to 
Mi*s. 'Eastman. Esquire Eastman was very much chilled, 
but his wife had wrapped him in the coverlet so closely that 
he got frozen but a little. For more than a month Mrs. East- 
man was unable to walk, or stand ; but by good care she at 
length entirely recovered, and has, till recently, been able, 
and willing, to perform much labor for an old lady. But on 
the evening of Feb. 13, 1852, she met with another affliction : 
she accidentally fell upon the floor and injured her hip, so 
that she is entirely confined to her bed. How long her lame- 
ness will continue is uncertain, but the writer hopes not long. 
The name and services of Job Eastman, for many^ many 
years, were as familiar as household words to almost every 
man, woman, and child, in the town of Norway. After the 
incorporation of the town, Joshua Smith was town Clerk dur- 
ing two years, and in 1803, Joseph Rust was Clerk one year ; 
Job Eastman filled the ofiice all the other years until 1843. 
He was first Selectman, and town Treasurer, for nine years 
after the town was incorporate.! ; and was an acting Justice 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 153 

of the Peace from 1797 until his death, which took place 
Feb. 28, 1845, at the age of 96 years. 

Mark S. Richardson and wife, with one young child, and 
his mother, lived in the west end of Esquire Eastman's house 
at the time of the fire. They escaped by the front-door with 
much less danger and difficulty than the Eastman family. 

In the spring of this year, there was a remarkable freshet, 
which flooded many cellars, and carried off many bridges. 
Ephraim Brown then owned the old grist-mill at the Steep 
Falls, below the Village, and it was swept away by the flood ; 
his peg manufactory, also, shaix)d the fate of the mill. 

liy a request to the Selectmen, there was a special town- 
meeting called on the Saturday previous to the first Monday 
in May, for the puri>os0 of instructing the town authorities in 
regard to licensing suitable persons to sell spirituous liquors 
for medicinal and mechanical purposes. The meeting was 
rather thin, but the Selectmen were instructed to license no 
person, except the town Clerk and to^vn Treasurer, to sell for 
the above purposes ; and the profits, after paying the expense 
of selling, to go into the town treasury for supporting the 
poor. What the profits amounted to, is as yet unknown to 
the town, as no report has been made. 

A very melancholy affair happened in this town on the 
evening of the 6th of October, 1843. Mr. Dresser Stevens, 
next-door-neighbor to the writer, as is very common among 
furmcra, made a husking for the evening, and invited his 
neighbors to assist him. In the course of the evening, some 
i-ather rude joking was indulged in by a portion of the com- 
pany at the expense of a youngster named Hiram Totherly, 
and his making rather a tart reply irritated the feelmgs of a 
few present, which caused hard words between the parties. 
At the close of the husking, Ebcnczer Ilobbs made an assault 
on Totherly, and they soon closed in with each other, and 
both fell on the floor in the squabble; Totherly, with his 
jack-knife, stabbed Hobbs in many places, and a wound just 



over the colkr-bonOi proved mortal. The -idfiray tbolc place 
about cloven o'clock on Friday nigkt, and be died near five 
o'clock Saturday morning. Tothcrly was immediately arrcst- 
<cd, and the next day committed to jail. At the following May 
term of the Supreme Judicial €ourt, he had his trial, but was 
not convicted, the jury not agreeing. The first indictment 
by the grnnd jury was for murder ; but at the October term 
the case was put to the grand jury a second time, and a bill 
'^vas found against him for manslaugliter. Tlio next spring 
flic had a second trial, was convicted of manskughter, and 
«entenced by the Court to one year's imprisontnent in the 
County jail. After the expiration of his imprisonment, he 
went to Portland, and finally enlisted as a soldier in the Mex- 
ican war, where he was wounded, and died in a hospital. 
But I forbear to enlarge upon the subject, lest it should open 
afresh the deeply-wounded feelings of relatives and otliers. 
The mild sentence of the Court very plainly shows tlmt tliey 
did not think all tlio blame ought to be attributed to him. 
Doth the youngstera were about eighteen years of age at the 
time of this sad tragedy. 

Town officers for 1844 : Simon Stevens, Clerk ; James 
Crockett, Treasurer; Jonathan Swift, William Pai-sons, Jr., 
Mark P. Smith, Selectmen; Georgo J. Oi-dway, Collector. 
Jonathan Swift, llopresentativo. 

Valuation, $153,173. Number of polls 321 ; number of 
scholars 667. 

Highway tax, $2039,06. 

State tax, . - '- - $.540,68 

County tax, -; - . - 874^20 

Schools, - - - .. 750,00 

Poor, and town charges, - - 900,00 

Overlayings, delinquency highway, supplement, 119,78 

Total money tax, - - - $2684,72 

New immigrants : Noble Blossom, James Blossom, Iiu 
Berry, Levi T. Boothby, America Briggs, John A. Bolst6r, 



HISTORY OF NORWAT> 155 

]]0DJamiil Robbins, Thomas G. Brooks, James Do^^, Peter B. 
Frost, Samuel Favor, Joseph Honiford, Edward Higgins, 
Robert Noyes, .William D. Faine, Beuben S. Ri<5h, Amos 
Thurlow, Daniel Whitehouse, Charles Walton, Oron Wilbur. 
Old settlors' sons : David R. Everett, Joseph Hor, Henry H. 
llobbs, Lorenzo D. Ilobbs, George W. Knight, Newton SAvift* 

In the fall of this year, Richard W. Houghton's house, 
near the Steep Falls, was burnt; origin of the fire unknown. 
*A.lso, on the night of the 19tli of Nov., Ilolden's mills, on 
Crooked river, were burnt ; origin of the fire unknown, but 
thought by many to bo the work of an incendiary. 

Town officers for 1845 : Siinon Stevens, Clerk; James 
Crockett, Treasurer ; William Parsons, Jr., Mark P. Smith, 
Ilcnry W. Millett, Selectmen; George J. Ordway, Collector. 
•Mark P. Steith, Representative. 

Valuation, $105,701. Number of polls 380 ; nuiAber of 
sdiolars 664. 

llighway tax, |1 592,29. 

State tax, - . . - P8(V33 

County tax, - - - - 822,68 

Schools, - . - . 750,00 

Poor, and town charges, - - 700,00 

Overlayings, delinquency highway, supplement, 90,10 

Total money tax, - - - $2352,00 

New immignints : Jairus Bryant, Zachary Carey, Aaron 
Xvluuidler, Joki Davis, Johnson Edwards, William Evans, 
William Howe, David McAllister, Samuel L. Preble, John 
l*culey, Joshua Richardson, David RoWe, Benjamin Wade, 
J)aniel Stone, Moses Town. Old settlerfe' sohs : Edmund 
Ames, Albion Buck, Cyrus Cobb, iJ'r., Robert I. Frost, Sam- 
uel Lord, Jr., Orren F. Millett, Ebenezer Marston, Prescott L. 
Pike, Daniel Pike, Otis Stevens, Francis H. Whitman, 
George P. Whitney. 

This year seems rather remarkable for the record of many 
ilcaths of the early settlers of this town. Among those who 



15G HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

died ^6Yc Deacon William Paroons, aged 85 years, Benjamin 
HeiTing, ^^ Josiali Hill, 80, Job Eoatman, 95, Mib. Asa 
Hix, 64, Mrs. Peter Town, 60, Mrs. Joseph. Bradbury, 79^ 
Daniel Watson, 83, John Frost, 77, Joshua Crockett, son of 
Joshua Gjrockett, the old settler, 64, Mrs. Mary Hall, 51 ; 
and many others. 

Town oiBcers for 1846 : Simon Stevens, Clerk ; Jamesi 
Crockett, Treasurer ; Mark P. Smith, Henry W.; Millett, 
Simeon Noble, Selectmen; Henry W. Millett,, Collector* 
Isaac A. Thaiyer, Oxford, lleprcsentativo. 

Valuation, $172,036. Number of polla 820 j number of 
scholars 714. 

Highway tax, $2355,24. 

State tax, - . - . $052,44 

County tax, - - - . 822,65 

Schools, . . - . 750,00 

Poor, and town charges, - - 500,00 

Overlayings, delinquency highway, supplement, 129,64, 

Total money tax, - - - $2o54,T5 

New immigrants : Levi B. Abbott, Jamf, s Corson, Eb^nezer 
Carsley, Alva B. Davis, Ebcnezer P, Fi:tz, Jameson Gammoa,. 
Edwin Plummer, Reuben Penloy, Ar^Bel Ross, Amoa SrnilJv 
Joseph Tuttle, Joshua Weeks. Old settlcra' sona: Cyrus 
W. Buck, Mahalon Crockett, Milton W. Hobbs, Oliver A. 
Hall, Samuel S. Millett, John H. Millett, William Marston, 
Stephen Merrill, Osgood P'erry, John I. Kke, Jonathan G. 
Town, Albion Hall. 

Town officers for 1847 : Simon Stevens, Clerk ; Ebcncicr 
C. Shackley, Treasurer ; Henry W. Millett, Henry C. Reed, 
Solomon Noble, Relectmen ; Henry W. Millett, Collector. 
Simeon Noble, Ptcpresentative. 

Valuation, $182,089. Number of polls 827 ; number of 
scholars 668. 

Highway tax, common raids, - $1 042,54 

Exti-a roads, -. . - 1042,54 

Totnl hinrlnvnv tfiv, - - . ^208/^08 



HISTORY OF NOJtWAY. 15T 

State tax, - - . . P26,22, 

County tax, - - - - $322,65 

Schools, .... 750,00' 

Poor, and town charges, - - 900,00 

Overlayings and supplement, - - 60,19 

Total money tax, - - - $2849,00 

Now immigrants : Thomas Blake, Jatrus S. Ghipmany 
Charles Callahan, Sumner Frost, John S. French, Edwin W. 
Howe, Ebenezer P. Hinds, Charles Kendall, Clark Knight^ 
James H. Merrill, Franklin Manning, Rev. Charles Packard, 
Horace Paine, Clemens Randal, Jonathan Richards, Levi 
Thayer, Thomas Thorn. Old settlers' sons : George L. Real, 
James H. Cox, Barzilla S. Cobb, David B. Crockett, David 
W. Frost, Osgood French, William H. Fostw, Daniel Holt, 
3d, Isaac Jordan, Levi W. Pingree, Lewis Shackley, George 
Wilkins. 

On the 12th of April, this year, Joseph York, Jr., a young 
man employed in the saw-mill at the Steep Falls, received a 
death-blow, by accident. Ho was assisting in phvcing a log 
upon the mill-camago, and by some means a handspike was 
wrenched from his grasp, one end of which struck him upon 
the right side of the abdomen, producing mortal injury inter- 
nally. He survived the accident from Monday afternoon till 
Thursday morning. 

On the morning of tho 18th of November, this year, Cyrus 
Cobb, Esq., met an untimely death by a fall in his baan. Ho 
went to his barn for the purpose of feeding his cattle, and 
went up over the beams to throw down hay, when a board 
gave way and precipitated him into the barn-floor, killing him 
instantly, as was supposed, his neck being broken by the fall. 
This was a severe loss to his family, and also to the commu- 
nity, as he was a very industrious and useful man. Tho 
family still feel as though their loss was irrei)ai'able. He was 
the son of Ebenezer Cobb, who was among the early settlers, 
^f this town, and lived on the old homestead of his father. 



158 BISTORT OF KORWAT. 

Town officers for 1848 : Simon Stevens, Clerk ; Ebenezcr 

C. Sliacklcy, Treasurer ; Henry W. Millett, Henry 0. llecd, 
Solomon Noble, Selectmen ; Samuel Favor, Collector. Ben- 
jamin Richards, Oxford, Representative. 

Valuation, ^198,575. Number of polls 863 ; numbei: of 
scholars 752. 

Highway tax, $1042,41. 

State tax, -.-.,.$ 652,44 
County tax, ... - 876,43 

Scliools, . . - . 750,00 

Poor, building roads, and other towixchai'gG^, 2700,00 
Overlayings and supplement, - 5^,88 

Total money tax, - - . $4581,25 

New immigrants : Elbridge G. Allen^ James M. Abbott,. 
James C. Bennett, Philander Barnes^ Hosea B. Bisbee, Charles 

D. Bisbee, William Blake, Moses B. Bartlett, D. H. Blake, 
Cyrus W. Brown, William M. Cushman, Job Cushman, Bc- 
saleel Cushman, Leander Dorman, Albert B. Davis, Luke 
Fletcher, Jonathan Fairbanks, Charles L. Francis, Freeman 
Higgins, Danforth Jordan, Joseph Judkins, Charles P. Kim- 
ball, Joseph A. Kendall, Amos T. Murphy, Bansom Morton, 
James P. Morton, John W. Noble, Charles Newhall, Peter 
0. Putnam, Isaac Pressoy, Asa H. Phinney, Edwin F. Quinby, 
Alfred Raymond, Alfred Shattuck, Oi^samus Smiley, Isniel 
Swett, George W. Seavems, John G. Swett, Jonathan M. 
Smiley, William Stone, Otis True, Ephraim H. Wood, John 
Walton, William Walton, G. B. Wentworth, Joseph Whitman, 
George J. Wardwell, Joseph Wilson. Old settlers' sons : 
Joseph BuUen, Isaac Bai-tlett, Benjamin Dale, Levi Fi'ost, 
William P. French, Jonathan Holt, Cornelius W. Hobbs, 
Lewis Lovejoy, Theodore L. Lassell, Coleman F. Lord, Hiram 
Lovejoy, Ceylon Watson. 

This year there was a great accession to the number of new 
immigrants, in conseqence of the railroad operations ] and if 
they can all get a good living, and make money, or other 



HISTORY OP NORWAY. 159 

property-, we bid them welcome ; but the old settlers havol 
always found it necessary to attend closely te some regular 
business, and I guess the new ones will find the same course, 
eventually, for their permanent interest. 

Town officers for 1849 : Simon Stevens, Clerk ; Ebenczer 
0. Shiwkley, Ti-cjusurer ; Mark P. Smith, Henry W. Millctt, 
Solomon Noble, Selectmen j Ansel KosSj Collector. Henry 
C. Reed, Representative. 

Valuation, $200,982. Number of polls 369 ;. mumber of 
scholars 742. 

Highway tax, $1245,55. 

State tax, . - - ., |. 652,44 

County tax, - - - -. 484,91 

Schools, ... - T50,00 

Poor, and town charges, - - 1150,00 

Ovcrlayinga and supplement, - 153,55 

Total money tax, - - - $3190,90 

New immigrants : James Anderson, A. A. Adams, G. H. 
IJarnard, David N. Cushman, Rev. E. K. Colby, S. 'J\ Dut- 
ton, David P. Flood, Eli Grover, L. D. Foster, William 
Hutchins, Benson Hawkins, Abner Jackson, John Johnson, 
William W. KimbaH; George Kimball, Joseph Lovejoy, Jon- 
athan Ryerson, Thomas Richardson, George W. Stevens, 
Samuel Sumner, Joshua B. Stuart, G. E. Shattuck, Clark 
P. True, Charles Thompson, John F. True, George Hum- 
phrey, Henry B. Upton, William W. Virgin. Old settlei-s' 
sons : John D. Seal, Josiah Danforth, George A. Frost, Jon- 
athan S. Millett, 2d, Edwin Millett, Washiagton Noyes, Noah 
Pike, Henry S. Small, Edwin Stetson, Ezra Shackley, Wil- 
liam B. Upton; 

Early in the morning of March 31, 1849j the store of 
Moses A. Young was discovered to be on fire. The store waa 
saved, but the goods (a small stock) were considerably injured 
by fire, smoke, and water. The origin of the fire yet remaini 
unknown. 



160 HISTORY OP NORWAY. 

On the 2l8t of June, this year, Uriah Holt, Esq., died. 
His sickness was very shoii;, about four or five days ; his dis- 
order was gravel, combined with other complaints. His family 
felt their loss severely, as well as the neighborhood and town. 
He had been in tovfn office much, from the time he came into 
Norway, and was a very correct man in any business which 
he undertook. I must be pardoned if I indulge my own feel- 
ings a little in regard to his death. We had been associated 
much in business fi*om 1811 up to the time of his death, and 
many times on important affairs ; and, whether owing to his 
disiKwition, or mine, or both, we never had the first word of 
disagreement in any of our business. I was with him through 
the most of his last sickness, and with a heavy heart performed 
the last sad offices duo to an old friend. His wife, Hannah 
Holt, who had been a youthful companion of my own wife, 
previous to the marriage of either, died of consumption, Feb. 
4th, 1885. 

Almost everybody, in this vicinity, knows that old Uriah 
Holt and old David Noyes have been practical surveyors for 
many years ; and from thk circumstance, we were much to- 
gether in such business. We have traversed the woods in 
company through many wearisome days, and passed many 
dreary nights in the forest, with no other bed than some hem- 
lock or fir boughs, and no other shelter than the heavens, 
except in rainy weather, when we used to erect a little camp, 
covered with spruce bark, which we could build in a few min* 
utes. At one time, in 1835, we were in the woods, and saw 
no living person, except rtwo Indians, and our own assistants, 
for sixty days ; tand if .those were not times to '^ try men's* 
souls," they were to try their "stomachs," when the grub' 
fell short ; and once, in particular, we had to pinch down to a. 
small pittance, at only morning and night, for two days, and 
on the third day ate nothing till afternoon. By that time wo 
had excellent appetites, and the food tasted good without many 
trimmings to make it relish. 



HISTORY OP NORWAY, IGl 

At the annual meeting on the 5tli of Marcli; 1849, the 
town enacted, or, leather, passed a vote to adopt a code of by- 
laws, in regaixl to a bowling-saloon, and ball-playing in tbe 
street, and afterwards applied to the County Commissioners to 
ratify, or sanction, said by-laws. By these by-laws, the game 
of ball wna not allowed to be played in any street, or public 
place, witliin ten rods of any house, store, or shop, nor, to be 
thrown by any person, a snow-ball, brick-bat, stone, or other 
thing liable to injure any person or property, under a penalty 
of one dollar for each and every oflfence ; and no person al- 
lowed to keep any place for playing at bowls, or other noisy 
^amc, within half a mile of any dwelling-house, mecting- 
liouse, or school-house, or within eighty rods of any public 
highway, under a penalty of five dollars, and any person 
playing at any such games in such places waa liable to a 
penalty of two dollars. The Selectmen were clothed with 
power iio appoint a police-officer, under the imposing title of 
'* Inspector of Police," to carry out the provisions of said 
by-laws. 

The thing, like oAer new notions, caused some little excite- 
ment among the boys and men, when the snow got off in the 
spring, and they began to hunt up their balls ; and a notice 
in the Village paper, warning persons not to visit particular 
places, was rather hard speUing and reading for some ; but 
liappily, the threatened little storm has mostly blown over, 
and our atmosphere has nearly resumed its accustomod seren- 
ity. The bowling-saloon still stands, just south of where 
Benison's stable was burned, at the time of the calamitous 
fire last fall ; and, wonderful to relate, the poor little thing 
seems to stand as a monument of sparing mercy, for it must 
have had a shower of fire over it during the conflagration. 
It has been open but little since the fire. 

A careful observaticm, at different times, and in different 

places, will convince any reasonable person that severe i^estraint 

is generally a weak preventative of common and civil recrea- 

11 



162 BISTORT 09 NORWAT. 

tion among almost all classes of the community ; and tho 
more stringent the law, the more strong the inclinatioato tasto 
the "forbidden fruit." For "still, still man's heart will 
draw the secret sigh for pleasures unenjoyed." Mankind are 
80 constituted that something recreative and gratifying to the 
sense, (or reason, if you please so tq call it,) in some shape 
or other, will be sought for by every human being, while 
physical and mental fiicultiea are capable of enjoyment. For, 
as a great poet says — 

** Behold the child, by nature's kindly law, 
Pleaaud with a rattle, tickled with a straw. 
Some livelier plaything gives bis youth delight, 
A little louder, but as empty (juite. 
Scarfs, garters, gold, amuse his riper stage. 
And beads and prayer-books are the toys of age. 
Pleased with thtt bauble still, as that before. 
Till tired he sleeps, and life's poor play is o'er." 

No individual lias a right to expect that the views and feelings 
of all others should exactly coincide with his own ; therefore 
it is not acting with candor to be too tenacious of our own 
opinions and practice, or too illiberal and censorious in regard 
to. the opinions and practice of others, who do not tally exactly 
with us in all things. For ^^ whatsoever ye would that men 
should do unto you, do y(^ even so unto them." And this is 
tk Divine injunction, which all are bound to follow. Such 
illiberal, censorious persons do not seem to. be very deeply 
imbued witk the spirit of our Heavenly Father ; for "He 
maketh his sun to shine on the evil and on the good, and 
sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust." 

Now, to further illustrate the bearing and effects of tho 
illiberal, overbearing, down-treading feelings and views mani- 
fested by a certain portion of mankind in regard to the feelings 
and views of other portions of the human family, the writer 
will relate a little anecdote of an affair which once took place 

in the town of . In the dining-hall of % fashionable 

hotel, a splendid table was. spread, for regaling the appetites 



UISTORY OF NORWAY. 1G3 

of tlio numerous guests ; — there was one dish, in particular, 
containing a rare and choice delicaey. A certain gentleman, 
who counted himself as one of the '' upper ten," after carving 
up this choice dish, took the pepper, and gave the whole a 
most liberal sprinkling, observing, at the same time, '' Gen- 
tlemen, I suppose you all like pepper ; I am very fond of it 
myself" A little French gentleman, though not at all lacking 
in good manners, and good breeding, but wishing to impress a 
useful lesson upon the mind of this assuming gentleman, 
thereupon drew from his pocket a capacious snuff-box, and 
gave the same delicate dish a thorough sprinkling of good old 
maccaboy, and says, " Gentlemen, I suppose you are all fond 
of snuff; I like it very much myself." You can easily judge 
what were the feelings of the disappointed guests, in conse- 
iqucnce of this improper assumption by one of their number, 
thus to endeavor to prepare the wbole dish to suit his own 
particular palate, without regard to the tastes of others. 

The effects are about the same where one, or a few, set out 
to regulate and restrain decent and common amusements in 
the community. For we all very well know that one likes to 
fiddle, another to dance, another to sing, another to thump 
the piano, another to play ball, another cards, dice, or back- 
gammon, another seeks amusement in the bowling-saloon, 
some drive fast horses and crack elegant whips, some fish, 
some hunt, others read frivolous, and even obscene tales and 
novels, while others choose useful and instructive books and 
periodicals, &c., &;c. Now all these tilings, although not 
productive of any positive good, are nevertheless better than 
worse, and more corrupting amusements ; and if there ai*e 
any who prefer no amusement at all, it is nobody's business ; 
and they, like all othera, ought to have the privilege of self- 
gratification (avoiding all excess) in their own way, provided 
they do not infringe on the rights and enjoyments of othci'S. 
Shis, is a wide world — wide enough for all to get along pretty 



164 HISTORY OP NORWAY, 

comfortably, proyided each one 'will avoid miming against 
Ilia neighbor. 

, << In faith and hope the world will disagree, 

But all mankind's concern is charity." 

It haa, of late years, become very fashionable for many, 
especially from crowded cities, to make excursions into yarious 
A of the coantry-sometimes on business, sometimes for 
pleasure, and occasionally for both — and they often wish to 
stop for a few days, or a few weeks, for the purpose of relax- 
ation from business, and to enjoy the social amusements of 
the place ; to yiew the beauties of lakes, ponds and riyers, 
of mountain, hill, dale, &;c. We think our town, and Vil- 
lage, by due attention to the wishes and wants of visitors, may 
be made a ycry attractive and agreeable stopping-place for 
such persons ; and who, among our citizens, can indulge in 
any other feelings than a desire for the up-building and pros- 
perity of the place. We need not caution strangers, and 
others, not to visit us, or particular places in our town. It 
savors rather too strongly of the old Connecticut " blue-laws " 
for this enlightened age. 

Such persons as delight in rural sights and sounds, whether 
strangers or residents, I would invite to take a ramble up the 
side of the " Pike Hill," and seat themselves, on a summer 
forenoon, under some refreshing shade, ayd listen to the con- 
tinual hum of business and pleasure proceeding from the busy 
multitude below, and around*. Hark ! hear the busy clip, 
clip, clip, clip, of the saw-mill, the buzz of circular saws, 
turning-lathes, &c., the monotonous rumble of the grist-mill, 
in its various departments, the click of tlie mason's trowel, 
attended with the well-known cry of " mort, more mort," the 
clipping and hammering of stone by the stone-cutters, the 
lively clap of the joiner's hammer, the heavy thump of the 
carpenter's mallet, the clink of' the blacksmith, (not forging 
fetters for serfs and slaves, but agiicultural implements for a 



niSTOKY OF NORWAY. 1G5 

frcc yeomanry, who ivo nH be fettered,) and, in short, almost 
every sound attendant on the prosecution of almost every 
mechanical business ; all intermingled with the rattling of 
carriages, from a gig to a six-horso coach, or wagon, and oc- 
casionally the loud, rough voice of the teamster to his oxen, 

" Wliile down ihe rough slopo Iho ponderous wagon lings," 

heavily loaded with rough gi*anite for the foundations of nu- 
merous buildings in progress of erection ; intci-spersed witli 
all these, occasionally you will hear the sweet notes of the 
piano, and other musiail instruments ; nnd the noise also of 

** The playful children juat let loose from school ; " 

the tinkle of the tea, dinner, school, and factory-bell, and the 
beautifully toned church-bell ; and to crown the whole, some- 
times, (when they used to roll) the low rumble of the famous 
bowling-saloon, which serves as a fine thorough-bass to the 
varied concert. And now let mo ask, who, among the lovcrn 
of iniral scenery, but must bo delighted with such enchanting 
sights Of id sounds ? 

The writer is no advocate for the bowling-saloon, or any 
other vain amusement, when carried to the least excess ; ho 
never rolled a ball in the saloon, and hardly in any other 
place ; but think.s we all ought to live and conduct in such a 
manner, that, when we are young, wo may consider that w<i 
matj one day be old ; and when wo arc old, we ought also to 
consider that we have once been young. 

We have in this town very many persons, of both scxc», 
possessing great intellectual and physical powers, exercising 
their minds, or bodies, or both, in laudable and useful em- 
ployments ; and some few idlers, loafoi*s, and gossips, (would 
to God we had less) which seems to bo the common lot of 
almost all places, of any note, or business. But perhaps it 
would be well for those who are so anxious to root out one 



166 HISTORT OF KORWAT. 

particular evil, to remembor the parable of the tares and tbe 
"wheat, and to act with candor and moderation, '^ lest while ye 
gather up the tares, ye root up also the wheat with them.-' 
Por the command to the servants was, to ^' let both grow to- 
gether until the harvest ; and in the time of harvest, I will 
say to the reapers, gather ye together first the tares, and bind 
them in bundles to bum them ; but gather the wheat into my 
barn." But a word of candid advice to the lovers of pleasure 
and amusements I know will be received with good feelings ; 
and 'that advice is, to be '^ temperate in all things." 

Town officers for 1850 : Simon Stevens, Clerk ; Ebenezcr 
0. Shackley, Treasurer; Mark P. Smith, William Hall, 
Ichabod Bartlett, Selectmen; Jonathan Blake, Collector. 
E. B. Ilolmcs, Oxford, llepresentative. 

Valuation, $200,594. Number of polls 400 ; number of 
scholar 770 ; whole number of inha1)itants, 1)y census, 10G2. 

Highway tax, |1531),54. 

State tax, - - - - $ 652,44 

County tax, - - - - 481,03 

Schools, . - . . 750,00 

Poor, roads, and town charges, - 1500,00 

verlayings, delinquency highway, supplement, 118,42 

Total money tax, - - - $3451,89 

Kew immigrants: Hii*am E. Abbott, Francis Bennett, 
Thomas F. Barton, George W. Crockett, Bethael F. Drake, 
Mark H. Dunnell, Isaac A. Denison, George Eveleth, Ste- 
phen Fuller, William Getchell, Oliver Goddard, Ezra Jewell, 
George W. Johnson, Peter Kimball, Otis F. Mixer, Charles 
Mallctt, John H. Moore, George II. Merrill, Ausburn Mer- 
rill, William P. Merrill, Jackson Pillsbury, Charles Pike, 
William A. Parsons,' S. J. Seavey, Zephaniah Starbird, James 
Stanley, George W. Sholes, Franklin Sargent, Samuel Vance, 
Frederick L. Young. Old settlers' sons : Erastus G. Brad- 
bury, Franklin P. Bolster, Osgood N. Bradbury, Sewall 
Crockett, Grovcsnor Crockett, Joseph A. Danforth, Albert 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 167 

(janimon, Elijah Ilobbs, Benjamin G. Holt, Jeremiah Hall, 
pd, Hanson Lord, David F. Noyes, Aaron Noble, John 
Smith, Calvin Shed. 

In December, this year, the grist-mill at the head of the 
Village was burnt. It is supposed the fire took from a defect 
in the stove-funnel. The fire occurred in the night, and the 
destruction of the building, with all its cotaitents, was com- 
plete, OS little was saved fix)m the devouring element. The 
mill was large aiid commodious ; it had four run of stones, 
two bolts, a cleanser, and corn-cracker ; and much inconve- 
nience was experienced by the town until another was built. 
The establishment was owned, by a wealthy company, viz : 
Levi Whitman, Ezra F. Seal, Ebenezer Hobbs, Nathaniel 
Bennett, and John B. Brown, of Portland, and waa built new 
some fifteen years ago. Owing to their pecuniary circum- 
stances, the distress of the ownei^s was not so great as often 
follows the burning of a poor man's buildings. In 1851, the 
Company rebuilt the mill in a very substantiai manner, and 
have calculated a jmrt of it for the manufacture of superfine 
flour, equal to the choicest fancy brands. They have, during 
the winter of 1861-2, purchased western wheat, from which 
they make very nice flour, said to be equal to tSbe best. 

Town officers for 1851 : Simon Stevens, Clerk ; Ebenezer 
C. Shackley, Treasurer; Ichabod Bartlett, William Hall,' 
Ansel Town, Selectmen; Jacob Bradbury, Collector. Lee 
Mixer, lloprcscntativo. 

Valuation, $211,812. Number of polls 484 ; number of 
scholars 800. 

Highway tax, $2110,00. 

State tax, - - ^ - I 656,G4 

County tax, - . . . 404,72 

Schools, .... 950,00 

Poor, and other town charges, - 1000,00 

Overlayings, ... 64,04 

Total money tax, x ^ . $8075,40 



168 mSTORT OV ROBWAT. 

New immigrants : Hecekiah B. Bisbee, Ephraim Bean, 
Ilaney Blake, Smith Bartlett, 0. B. Coffin,* Job B. Crooker, 
Isaac Copps, Edwin Cummings, Benjamin Cobb, Asa Green, 
William Ureen, Ricbard Ilammett, Dr. Jesse Ilowe, Enoch 
Holt, George Jackson, J. H. Kemp, Josiah P. Loyejojr, G. 
W. Mann, William D. Merrill, Aaron D. Mussey, Josiah 
Monroe, R J. Pillsbory, Isaiah Penley, Melvin Pool, William 
T* Raymond, Calvin Richardson, Levi D. Steams^ Rev. H. W. 
Strong, Jonas Stevens, Rev. J. L. Stevens, Michael Welch, 
Thomas Molzcard* Old settlers' sons : William Cushman, 
Ansel II. Cushman, James Crockett, 2d, James S. Crockett, 
Amos French, Jeremiah Foster, 2d, Cyrus S. Cobb, Timothy 
Gorham, Benjamin F. Hall, William C. Hobbs, George A. 
•Noyes, John W. Pingrce, Jr., Albert Small, Jonathan M. 
Shed, Isaac N. Small, Jacob Tubbs, Rollin Town, Alanson 
B. Watson, John II. Witt. 

In March, this year, Joel Parkhurst, while sawing shingles, 
received a severe wound on his left hand from the circular 
saw. The tpdon, or cord, attached to the third finger, was 
cut entirely off, and the finger rendered powerless ; one end 
of the cord protruding from the wound, it was removed with 
scissors. His hand was so injured that many thought it would 
never again be fit for active use ; but it has been in a great 
measure restored by pcrscveriiig in the "cold-water-cure" 
treatment ; even when most inflamed and painful, no dressing 
but water was applied, and that always with comforting efiect. 
In 1880, the same hand was severely wounded by a premature 
explosion, while Mr. parkhurst was engaged blasting rocks^ 
and it has suifercd injuries from roacliinory several times ; 
yet, though not so convenient as an unmaimed hand, it is in 
tolerable repair, and serves quite well its owner, who is thankful 
it has so well endured the various accidents. 

This year, on the night of the 22d of Sept., (or the early 
morning of the 23d,) a great calamity, by fire, befel tlio 
Village, the sad effects of which are felt by the whole tov^n. 



IIISTOUt OF NORTf AT. . 169 

The firo was first discovered in tlio stable of Anthony Bennett, 
'who kept the Railroad House, about midnight. The flames 
spread so rapidly, that Mr. Bennett saved but a small part of 
the contents of the house, as it was large, and contained much 
furniture of various kinds. The conflagration spread from 
building to building, until eighteen, of all kinds, were burnt, 
and one, a wood-house of Mi*s. Young, was pulled down to 
stop the fire. The following persons were the sufierers : 
Joseph Shackley lost his house, barn, and two sheds ; A. C» 
Denison a very large store, stable, and shed ; an extensive 
stock of goods of almost every description was in the store, 
owned by Isaac A. Denison and Joseph A. Kendall, who oc- 
cupied the building ; Anthony Bennett lost house, stable, a 
large wood and carriage shed, five valuable horses, one cow, 
one hog, harnesses and carriages ; part of the horses were 
owned by other persons ; Benjamin Tucker, • Jr., lost house, 
barn, and two large sheds, with a quantity of hay and gmin, 
can*iages, harnesses, &c. ; Henry Rust, Esq., a very large, 
well-finished house, and three largo outbuildings for necessaiy 
uses. There probably was more stuff saved from the last- 
named houses than from Mr. Bennett's, as there was moro 
time for removing the goods. This w;as a sad blow to the 
Village, and even to the whole toAvn, and tenfold more so to 
the owners. It seemed to almost paralyze all Iwsiness for a 
while, and it will require a long lapse of time to fully recover 
from the shock. The origin of this fire is still shrouded in 
mystery ; but scarcely a doubt rests on the mind of any one 
but that it was the work of an incendiary. One individual, 
yea, two, were arrested, and examined before a magistrate 
touching the matter, but, the evidence not being very positive, 
were discharged ; still, public opinion awards a vcrdici of 
guilty, on some person ; but that is not legal proof Buty an 
all-wise Providence, perhaps, will not let justice slumber al- 
ways ; but will yet visit the atrocious wickedness of this deed 
upon the head of the guilty one. 



170 HISTOBY OF NOBWAY. 

On the niglit of the 28th of December a horrible affair 
took place near the middle of this town. A number of yonng 
men met for the purpose of ^^ serenading " a party yrho had 
been recently married. In the midst of the performance, 
some one in the house discharged a gun, loaded with shot and 
peas, at the crowd. The charge principally took effect upon 
the person of a young man named Foster, a son of Capt. Jer- 
emiah Foster, injuring him severely, and it was at the time 
jfoai^ed fatally. lie received from twenty to tliirty shot and 
peas in his face and neck, otie of which lodged in one of his 
.eyes, destroying it entirely ; several took effect in one of his 
liands, breaking the bones, and otherwise injuring it. It is 
reported that some others were struck by the scattering shot, 
but not severely injured. The horrible transactioil has been, 
and is still to come under a judicial investigation. The young 
man has pretty much recovered from his wounds, but with the 
complete loss of his injured eye. Much excitement existed 
at the time, especially against the individual who was supposed 
to have fired the gun. This " serenading " is not very com- 
mendable, but yet it is one of the fashionable follies of the 
present day ;. and a persch of common sense and humane 
feelings can plead no excuse for so wanton and wicked an act 
as firing ;nto an indiscriminate crowd of men and boys. 
,. Town officers tot 1852 : Wm. Wirt Virgin, Clerk ; Ebenezer 
0. Shackley, Treasurer; Simon Stevens, Simeon Noble, Lee 
Mixer, Selectmen; Jonathan Blake, Collector. Asa Dan- 
forth, . Representative. 

, Ya-luation, $208,88T* Number of polls 406 ; number of 
scholars 797 ; voters in March 478 — in September 508, 

Highway tax, as voted by the town, $2200,00. 

State tax, - - - . - $ 656,66 

County tax, - - - - 622,85 

Schools, - - - - 950,00 

Poor, and town charges, - - 1000,00 

Extra road moneys - . - 200,00 

Total money tax, - - - $8829,01 






mSTORY 01? NORWAY. 171 

New immigrants : E. W. CoUis, Jolin Dealy, Edgar Emery, 
Benjamin B. Francis, Samuel Gibson, John G. Kimball, 
Joseph F. Herrick, John J. Hayden, Henry Houghton, Charles 
Jackson, Ezekicl Jackson, Elijah G. Knight, James Lyndes, 
Joseph M. Little, John McGee, Alexander H. Muzzey, Isaac 
Merrill, Francis W. Mallett, Stuart H. Noble, James L^ 
Paine, Thomas Plummer, George L. Plummer, Charles A. 
Radford, £. Bobinson, John W. Baymond, Erostus Bichard- 
son, Franklin Sargent, W. H. Stillson, George Titcomb, 
Marshal Warren, Charles Wolcot, Ephraim F. Wood, Solo- 
mon N. Cloudman, Horace P. McAllister. Old settlers' sons : 
Joseph BuUen, William B. Danforth, William Frost, 4th, 
Elijah H. Hobbs, Darius M. Holt, Aurelius C. Noble, Ben- 
jamin G» Holt, Benjamin Tucker, 8d, Amos Hi Needham, 
Henry A. Bradbury, Servilla A. Bennett, Charles H« Evans, 
Wilson Hill, Jr., Simon Stevens, 2d, Daniel Herring, 
George W. Millett, Edward Morse, Joshua B. Crockett, 
Charles F» Parkhurst. • i 

On the 11th day of May, this year, Daniel H. Witt, a son 
6(f Benjamin Witt, and grandson of Benjamin Witt, the old 
settlor, was suddenly killed on the railroad ; ho lived one 
hour and ten minutes after being run over. He was employed 
as fireman on an engine. 

The following persons, in Norwayj hold commissions as 
Justices of the Peace, and of the Quorum, viz : 

Justices Peace and Quorum — Moses B. Bartlett, Levi 
Whitman, Samuel Cobb, Samuel Gibson,* William E. Good- 
now, David Noyes, Jonathan B. Smith, Jonathan Swift, Wm. 
Wirt Virgin. Justices Peace — ^William Foster, David F. 
Frost, Simeon Noble. 

There have, since the first settlement of this town, been 
many difibreut individuals who have engaged in trade, and 

have prosecuted that business for a long or short time, as 

• 

*Saiiiuul Gibson formerly resided in Denmark, ond is Sheriff of tlie 
County of Oxford. Asa Tlinyer is Deputy Sheriff nt tliis time. 



172 HISTORY 0? NORWAY. 

suited their interest or inclination, with varioos success. I 
here give the names of sucl^ as can be recollected, without 
pretending to ^ye dates as to the time when, or how ^'^^S • 
James Kettle, William Beed, William Hobbs, Joshua Smithy 
Daniel Smith, William Cox, Increase Hobinson, Allan Bart- 
lett, Jacob French, Jeremiah Mitchell, Edward Mitchell, 
Aaron Wilkins, William Pingree, Jonathan Swift, Ansel 
Field, Job E. Stevens, John B. Ford, Samuel Dunn, Jona- 
than Stevens, Asa Barton, Emery Livermore, George J. 
Ordway, Stephen Gumming^, Ichabod Bartlett, Lemuel Bart- 
lett, Anthony Bennett, David Smith, Jonathan B. Smith, 
Lee Mixer, Samuel Houghton, John Tucker, Stephen Green- 
leaf, Jr., William E. Goodnow, William Frost, 8d, William 
Hayes, Otis True, Josephus Harris, Cyrus Thayer, Daniel 
Hubbard, Jotham Goodnow, James N. Hall, Moses G. Dow, 
David B. Holdon, Mosos A. Young, Bailey Bodwoll, Ezra 
Jewell, James Crockett, Henry L. Crockett, Ebenezer C* 
Shackley, Samuel Favor, Adna C. Denison, ClarkP. True, 
Elhanan W. ' Fyler, Isaac A. Dehison, Joseph A. Kendall, 
Fi*anklin Manning, Jeremiah Howe, Edwin W. Howe, Charles 
P. Kimball, M. L. Burr, Charles Tubbs, Orin Tubbs, Nathan 
Noble, 'William Hor,- Newton Swift, David Crockett, Elijah 
R. Merrill, Henry Upton, James H. Merrill, William Foster, 
James French, Jr:, George Frusnch, Asa Noyes, Joseph Ben- 
nett, William Buck, William Howe, Kendall Deering, Henry 
Hemghton, Francis H.Whitman, George A. Frost, George 
W. Knightj Charl9S Penley, James Tubbs, David N. Cushman. 
' In addition to this long list, a large number of females have 
kept milliner's shops, for furnishing articles in the female 
department. 

Among this multiplicity of traders are many who, in their 
day, did a thriving business, and many more who did not lay 
out to do but little. Some continued in business many years'^ 
and others but a short time. Some got rich, and others prob- 
ably did not ; but it takes everybody to do everything, and 



UISTOIiy Ol^" KOIWAY. 178 

men Tvill generally do ^rhat ibej like best if they can. The 
method and character of trade has undergone great changes 
since the early settlements in this town. Formerly it was 
very difficult to sell any articles of produce for cash ; hence 
the farmer was under the necessity of carrying much of his 
surplus produce to Portland in order to get a little money ; 
and then it was quite a trick to get much, say one-half money^ 
at best, for. good staple articles. But at the present day^ 
good staple articles will command cash, if required, at home, 
and but few farmers carry their surplus produce to Portland 
themselves. And we do sincerely hope that the town will 
always be blessed with good, fair, honest traders, rich enough 
and willing to pay the hard-laboring fiumers cash when they 
need it. > 

I will here mention, though a little out of place, that Ste- 
phen Greenleaf, senior, was the first cabinet-maker in Norway 
Yilkge, and in early times was considered a fine workman. 
He has performed the duty of sexton in the Village for many 
yeai*s ; . but is now vergmg toward the grave himself, as he is 
quite aged. 

Gentle reader, I have led you along, year by yeaT) marking 
out the way through piles of old documents, and new scraps 
of memoranda collected with much labor, and have consulted 
both the living and the dead (as I have sometimes visited the 
grave-yard to procure dates of certain matters) to enable me 
to point out things in their true light and under proper dates ; 
and now I shall*proceed to show the piresent situation of things 
'^ about town," that you may be able to make a fair compari- 
son between the situation of the place in 1786, and in 1862, 
comprising a space of 66 years. The great and principal 
business of the town is agriculture, although there is much 
meclianical and other business done at the present day, and 
for that matter, always has been, since its first settlement. 
There are now fourteen school-houses, and the same number 



174 HISTORT OF NORWAT. 

of Bchool-diatricts, containing eight hundred scholars, and one 
academy, of which I shall speak hereafter. At the first- 
named period, this town was a howling wilderness— one 
unbroken forest, destitute of the first mark of civilization : 
now, few towns caa boast of fiedrer fields, or a more pleasant, 
thriving Village. In regard to the business done in the town, 
besides that of farming, (which is the basis of all other busi- 
ness,) I will commence with affitirs at the Steep Falls. 

The stream which furnishes the water-power is the outlet 
of the great Pennessewassee pond, and the whole M\ is about 
sixty-five feet, within a distance of twenty rods, or less. The 
upper privilege is occupied by the paper-mill of Dr. Asa 
Panforth ; . it is built on the most improved plan, and does a 
good business. This establishment uses up 100 tons of ragd, 
175 cords of wood, 150 casks of lime, 12 casks chloride of 
lime, 960 pounds oil of vitriol, and turns out $15,000 worth 
of paper annually. Three men and three girls are employed^ 
George W. Seavoms foreman and superintendent This is a 
very fine privilege for the paper-making business, on account 
of the clearness and softness of the water, which fiur surpasses 
many other privileges improved, for like purposes. The mill 
was put in opeiration in Jan.; 1848, and the paper manufiic^ 
tured in it has already established a high reputation. 
^' On the next fall is a shingle-machine, and an ^ngine-Iatho, 
•owned by Jod Parkhurst, who saws 200 thousand of shingles 
per year, and sometimes more, besides other business. 

On the lower fall is A. 0. Denison's saw-mill, which cuta 
out about 600 thousand of lumber per year. J. B. Orooker 
foreman. 

On the lower fall, also, opposite the saw-mill, is Brown & 
Co.'s iron-foundery, in which i^e numu&ctured, largely, 
stoves, fire-frames, ash, oven, and boiler-mouths, agricultural 
implements, wheel-hubs, and almost anything else made in. 
such establishments, besides a large business in the manufac- 
ture of butt-binges, latcheS; &c. ; they have two engine-lathes. 



HISTORY OP NORWAY* 175 

and are prepared to execute almost any work in wood or iron, 
that is called for ; there are used 150 tons of iron, and 50 
tons of coal per year. Connected with this establishment, is 
a shop for working tin and sheet-iron, and a large store of 
goods of almost all kinds, which are sold to the amount of 
$25,000 per year, exclusive of their castings. J. B. Brown, 
of Portland) principal, or sole owner; Franklin Manning, 
superintendent. Works started in 1847, and yearly increasing. 

A new store has been opened near Brown & Co.'s by Henry 
Houghton, within the past year, not long enough since to. de^ 
termine, with much accuracy, the amount of business ; but 
probably about $6000 to $8000 per year. . 

Adna 0. Denison came from Vermont to Norway in 1842, 
and commenced trade in the store of J. B. Brown, at the 
Steep Falls, (the same store now occupied by Brown & Go.,) 
and in a short time did a great business for a country store. 
He carried on trade on a different scalb from what had previ- 
ously been customary in this section of the country : he bought 
almost every commodity offered, which could bo considered t 
proper article of traffic, and for staple articles paid cash, if 
required ; in this way ho soon drew around him a large amount 
of business. He remained at the Falb about four years, and. 
then moved his quarters to near the center of the Village ^ 
soon after) he purchased Uie stand next door east of Bennett'^ 
tavern, where ho made largo additions, to the building, and 
•erected a stable and other things necessary for his large bu&i^ 
ness; his trade amounted to about $50,Q00 per year. This 
trade was under the name of Denison Sb. True ; afterwards^ 
Denison, True k Kendall ; ai^d at the time of the destructive 
fire, his brother, Isaac A. Denison, and Joseph A. Kendall, 
occupied the store, and w^e, with others, great sufferers. 
Isaac Ai Denison and JosepBi A. KendaH have resumed trader 
«ince the fire, and now occupy the store neax the center bridge ; 
they are doing a good bidsiness, probably at the rate of $30,*- 
000 per year ; and it is; hoped that the trading community 



176 HISTORY OF NOEWAT. 

« 

« 

will not be uninindful of them, as a good run of custom would 
do much to moke them forget their heavy loss. : , 

Jeremiah and Edwin W. Howe are carrying on trade in tho 
brick store near the center of tho Village, built in 1880, and 
«rst occupied by Emery Livermore. Jeremiah Howe com- 
menced trade in this store in July, 1885, and lias continued 
since in the same building. His brother, E, W. Howe, is 
now a partner in the business ; their trade, amounts to some- 
thing like $20,000 per year. Pretty good business for tlie 
old mail-carrier's descendants. They ore grandsons of Jacob 
Howe, who carried the first mail through Norway, and used 
to sound his tin horn, as he approached die post-office, and 
neighborhoods where any one took the old '^ Portland (jazette,'' 
or '^ Eastern Argus ; " and even these papers^ at that day, 
were only in their swaddling-clothes, compared with tho pres- 
ent time. 

. James H. Merrill carries on timle in a store built, a few 
years since, by Oeorge J. Ordway ; he deals in English and 
West India goods, and readynmade clothing ; does a pretty 
good business, amounting, probably, to about $8000 or $10,- 
000 per year, . , 

Ebenezer 0. Shackley toid Samuel Favor trade near the 
head of the .Yillt^e ; they keep a good assortment of articles 
of almost all Icinds, and do a thriving business, probably about 
$10,000 or $15,000 per year; among their stock is a good 
iissortment of joiner's tools and hardware. 
, James Crockett trades at , the head of the Village, and has 
traded there for miany years ; . he never l^ept a large stock of 
goods, but does a steady, snug little business, and probably 
makes as good a living as any of them. He is the town agent 
for selling spirituous liquors for medicinal and mechanical 
purposes! He has long been licensed as a retailer, and is as 
careful and discreet^ in selling the article as the most fastidious 
could wish. When his father, Joshua Crockett, moved into 
the place, he was a small boy, .and has seen the town grow up 



HISTORY OF NORWAY, 177 

to its present state. In 1817, he was ehosen Constable and 
Collector of taxes, and since that time has collected the taxes 
of the town twenty-three years, and been Constable ever 
since, and Coroner for many years, also ; and when the taxes 
were collected, the money was always put in the right place^ 
and that is saying considerable. 

The tanning business is carried on largely in the Village 
by Mark P. Smith. He commenced in 1841 with fifteen 
pits, and has been making additions to his buildings and pits 
erer since ; and at the present time has fifty-six pits. He 
takes in 400 slaughter hides yearly, and tans at least .1700 
hides and 400 calf-skins annually ; he uses 200 cords of barkj 
and l|200 worth of oil and tallow in finishing his leather. 

Ebenezer Hobbs, the' third child bom in Rustfield,has car- 
ried on the blacksmith and plow business for many years ; he 
makes from 50 to 150 plows annually ; and from 1820 up to 
1842, when the old-fashioned plows were used, he made many 
more than that number. He has done a large business in 
ironing carriages and sleighs ; for several years he has had a 
small foundery, and does his own castings ; and the probability 
is, that he has hammered out on his anvil, and cast in his 
foundery, a good many hard dollars — ^and he has worked hard 
to get them. 

While speaking of plows, I will give the history of the first 
one evei* made, or used, in the place ; and that plow was con-^ 
Btructcd for Mr. Dudley Pike. In the spring of 1790, 
Anthony and Nathaniel Bennett came up from New Glouces- 
ter to look out land, in order to purchase and settle on the 
same, and went to Dudley Pike's to stay over night, on their 
arrival in Bustfield. After exploring and selecting their lots, 
they retuiiied to the same hospitable cabin for another night's 
lodging before returning homo. Mr. Pike happened to have 
a set of old plow-irons, and they tarried another day with 
their host, and made a plow for him, which was a very valu- 
able acquisition to bis new farm, and probably did not come 

12 



1T8 HISTOET 07 KORWAT. 

aiDiBB to hia few neighbors. And posterity may set it Jlown, 
that Capt Anthony, and Lieut Nathaniel Bennett, were the^ 
builders of the first plow in Norway. 

Horatio G. Colo cards wool and dresses cloth. He came 
to Norway in 1820, and tended a carding-machine a few years 
for Nathaniel Bennett, near the grist-mill ; he then bought 
the nmchine, and afterwards purchased the priYi]^ where 
Bailey Bodwell first erected clothier's works, and since has 
carried on both branches ; thus ho has had a very good chance 
to "puU the wool over the eyes" of the whole town. He 
cards, or has carded, from 15,000 to 20,000 pouiftds of wool 
annually ; but carding and cloth-dressing are not so fiishion- 
able as they were thirty years ago. Then you could hear the 
tnusio of the spinning-wheel and loom in almost every house, 
and men and women, boys and girls, wero clad in home-spun 
and home-dressed gaimonts. 

We have a few mqn to cut up leather after Mark P. Smith 
tans it. Solomon S^ Hall manufactures 600, or more, pairs, 
of boots and shoes annually. Lee' Mixer has done a large, 
business in the shoe line, probably to the amount of $4000 
per year. , Hawkins k Stearns do about $2500 per year. 
Many others in different parts of the town do much custom 
work, and use a large quantity of leather. Benjamin Tuck- 
er, Jr., aUo helps off the leather ; he works at the harness- 
making and carriage-trimming business, to the amount ot 
||500, annually. 

Thomas H. Eelley, a tailor, cuts up Cole's cloth, and that 
of everybody else, which comes in his way. The amount of 
work done in his shop probably amounts to $2000, or more, 
annually. He makes goad ^/*— otherwise he would do 
miich less. 

An apothecary store i& kept by Robert Noyes in the old 
store first built by William Beed ; but the building has a large 
addition to its former size, and is fitted up in good styles 
Amount of drugs and rnqdicinea sold annually, f 10Q0« JxK 



niSTORT OF NORWAY. 179 

the samo building is a bookstore and bindery, managed by 
Bobert Noyes and George L. Beal ; amount of business about; 
$1000 annually. 

Bulpit & Barnard, formerly of Boston, carry on a large 
business, for a country place, in the cabinet and furniture 
maimfacture. They have very nice machinery for doing much 
of the labor, and can probably sell furniture cheaper, for the 
quality, than any other concern of the kind in this section of 
the country. They turn out about $15^000 worth annually. 

The mills at the head of the Village, owned by the com-t 
pany before spoken of, do a good business ; the grist-mill 
grinds from ten to sixteen thousand bushels per year, and. 
sometimes more ; and the saw-mill cuts out frou^ two to three 
hundred thousand of lumber per year^ There are four other 
saw-mills in the town besides those at the YiUage and the 
Falls, viz : Col. John Millett's, on the outlet of North pond^ 
which cuts out from one hundred to ojie hundred and fi{ty 
thousand annually ; Holden's piill, on Crooked river, which 
saws from two hundred to eight or tet^ hundred thousand per 
year, with a shingle-machine which iganufactures from two 
hundred to six or eight hundred thous&nd of shingles annu-- 
ally. Another saw-mill and shingle-Qiachine stands on the 
Upton brook, and does, considerable business-^-i-amount un-^ 
known to the writer. The latter mill, ns previously stated,, 
has been three times destroyed by fire, and Holden's mill 
once burnt. Jonathan Swift, Esq., has a grist-mill and a 
shingle-machine near the old Upton privilege, which do somo 
business, but the stream being small, does not afford a suffi-^ 
cient supply of water in dry times. Capt. Richard Lombard 
has a saw-mill on the Everett brook, and cuts a large quantity 
of lumber each spring. 

^ In 1847, Charles P. Kimball came into l^Torway Village, 
and commenced the sleigh and carriage-making business. At 
first he had from two to four hands, employed in his shop, and 
\g4i W? iron-work done in other shopp ; but his work, proving; 



180 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

quite satisfactory to purchasers, he gradually increased his 
help from six to fifteen, or more, hands. In the spring of 
1850, he purchased a water-privilege near Mr; Colo's works, 
and erected a largo shop, 100 feet by 82, and thl'oo stories 
liigh ; the lower story is built of split stone, and used for the 
blacksmith shop, where he has all his sleighs and carriages 
ironed under his own direction ; the nyichinery of the estab- 
lishment probably cost more than $2000. He now employs 
about forty hands in all departments of his business, that is, 
on the wood-work, ironing, painting, and trimming. He uses 
a large amount of lumber, iron, coal, leather, paints, oil, and 
varnish, and sells more than one hundred wheel carriages, and 
two or three times that number of sleighs ; besides doing a 
great deal of small jobbing and repairing. His carriages and 
sleighs go into almost every part of the State, and many into 
New Hampsliire and Massachusetts. He has recently estab- 
lished a depository for his carriages in Portland, and has a 
salesman to sell the same as opportunity shall offer. Last 
year he purchased the old stand where William Cox formerly 
traded and lived, and has almost built the store anew, and fit- 
ted it up in a handsome style for the purpose of trade ; and 
a large quantity of articles are wanted by the men in his 
employ, and by other people, who can as well trade with him 
as with any odier person, provided he sells ai*ticles as good 
and as cheap as others. The old Cox house, it wiU be recol- 
lected, was the first two-story building erected in the Village, 
and was occupied by Mr. Cox from 1808 to 1843. While 
trading here, he sold a great amount of goods, and accumu- 
lated a decent property, besides bringing up a large family of 
children ; he now sleeps in the silent tomb. 

Perhaps the reader will wonder what so many folks in the 
Village live on; I will just tell what helps them some about 
living. Maj. Henry W. Millett kills and cuts up from 120 
to 160 head of beef cattle, 40 or 60 round hogs, 3 60 veal 
calves, and from 600 to 1000 sheep and lambs annually, and 



lUSTOllY OP NORWAY. 181 

Icccps his mcat^carriago running sufficiently to supply the 
needy and destitute. And neai* Maj. Millett lives Josiali 
Munroe, a baker, who bakes up the good, little and great 
cakeS) which the children love dearly — even the "children 
of lai'ger gi-owth." He uses from eight to ten baiTcls of 
Hour ])or week, and sometimes more. 

There are a number of blacksmiths in the town, sevei*al of 
whom are in the Village : E. G. Allen, Amos T. Mui'phy, 
llosea B. Bisbee, Joshua B. Stuart, Sumner Hale, William 
Hayes, Dudley Woodbridge, P^ D. Judkius. Amos T. Mur^ 
phy now OAvns the same anviL and bellows used by tho 
first blacksmith in town, Benjamin Witt. The bellows has 
been ncAvly Icatliered several times, but tho anvil is a hard- 
faced old fellow, and stands the blows well yet 

There are three watch-menders and jewelers near the cen- 
tral part of the Village, viz : Simeon Walton, old, honest, 
and experienced — he also rings the bell, and is always very 
exact about tho time ; 0. B. Coffin works in the same shop 
willi Mr. Walton; and William M. Oushman, whoso sign is 
near tho apothecary store. 

Then, for gentlemen^s convenience, there is a barber, Jon- 
athan Blake, who shaves and tonsures in genteel style ; and 
ill a part of his shop sella confectionary, fruit, nuts, &c., 
making a pretty little business of the whole concern. 

Loron H. Wrisley manufactures rifles, fowling-pieces, pis- 
tols, and many other things in his line ; and all work goes 
out of his hands in a highly-finished style. 

Jeremiah Hobbs, C. W. Hobbs, and Alanson B. Watson, 
make pumps and lay aqueducts. 

Thomas Higgins has an establishment at the head of the 
Village for working tin and sheet-iron. 

In short, we liavo mechanics and workmen that can furnish 
almost any ai'ticlc, from a tin whistle to an omnibus, and oven 
to a book, as this book is entirely of home-manufacture. The 
materials for the work, had their origin in Norway ; the TUTiter, 



18S HISTORT Of KORWAT. 

the paper-maker, the printer, and the book-bindersi are all of 
Norway ; and we earnestly hope to find a corresponding lib- 
(Btal patronage in the old town of Norway. 

E. P. Fitss must not be overlooked among the other nseful 
members of our little community ; he is a glazier, painter, 
and paper-hanger of the first order ; his graining on inside 
finishing looks rich and beautiful, and he likes to be called on 
in his business line. 

The town is well supplied with carpenters and house-join- 
ers ; the following are in and about the Village : Enoch L« 
Knight, Granville L. Reed, Richard Evans, J. A. Stnall, 
Lorenzo Hathaway, James S« Greenleaf, Stephen Greenleaf^ 
Jr., Ansel Dinsmore, George Jackson, John Deering, Amos 
Ordway, George W. Sholes, Ephraim II. Bi*own, Otis P« 
Mixer, and George W. Mann, sash, door, and blind-maker ; 
in other parts of the town are. Col. Amos E. Noyes, Henry 
Small, Isaac N. Small, Samuel B. Gumey, Capt. J. Whit-' 
marsh, Clark Knight, Lemuel Lovejoy, Thomas Lovejoy/ 
Capt. Cephas Sampson, Theodore L. Lassell, Eben Marston^ 
and some others who do common work when necessary. 

I have said much about ornamental things, but just now 
peimit me to refer to one very useful and profitable affiiir ; 
that is, Jonathan B. Smith's nursery of fruit trees. He has 
several acres covered with fruit trees, mostly of the apple 
kind, and probably has of all kinds nearly, or quite, half a 
million ; they are mostly budded or engrafted, of all ages and 
sizes, from the little pips of one year old, up to a handsomo 
size for transplanting, and of the best standard kinds of fruit. 
He has raised them on purpose to sell ; and now, gentlemen 
farmers, don't let this fine nursery grow up like a forest, and 
become worthless for want of a ready sale. But to encourage 
you to purchase some of these fine trees, I will tell you a 
little matter-of-fact story about apple trees. In the spring of 
1815, I commenced on a new lot of land where I now live, 
and as soon as I had cleared and prepared land suitable for 



niSTOllY OF NORWAY. 188 

%ucli purposes, I sowed a small bursery ; and when the trees, 
became big enough, transplanted some of them for an orchard, 
and sold the rest ; and have since then raised many thousands 
of trees for sale, and have continued to set more trees every 
few years up to the present year. I have engraft^ all my 
trees except those set within a few years, and raise no fruit 
but that which is engrafted. My orcliard now produces so 
many apples that I sell one hundred barrels yearly, and have 
enough for uome use ; and in fact, in my humble opinion, a 
farmer can not invest his money and labor in any way. on his 
fai*m to so much profit as in the right cultivation of the applet 
No State in tho Union can produce so good apples for ship-* 
ping as Maine ; and if tho wheat crop should continue to fail 
^s, wo can easily raise our flour on apple trees. Z am not a 
partner in Mr. Smith's nursery, but I wish to see our farmers 
Awake to their own interests ; and as apple trees ai*e my hobby 
which I ride every spring, you will pardon my notice of Mr» 
Smith's tree-garden. The writer has set sixty thousand scions 
within the last ten springs, besides liis own, and never made 
a bad failure. 

The printing business in Nonvay commenced on a small 
Bcale as early as 1826. Asa Barton then commenced pub- 
lishing the "Oxford Observer" in this Village, (he had 
previously published a paper of the same title oii Paris Hill,) 
mid from 1828 William P. Phelps was associated with him 
till April, 1829, when William £. Goodnow bought out th6 
interest of Asa Barton, and the paper was published by Good- 
now and Phelps till October, 1830 ; at that time Goodnow 
bought out the interest of Phelps, and published the Observed 
till June, 18S2, when the title of said paper was changed to 
the " Politician," edited by William A. Evans, to conform to 
the high state of political feeling then existing, on the eve of 
^Presidential election. The Politician was continued till 
April, 1833, when the establishment was sold to Horatio Kina 
of Paris, who took it, with tho "'J^efferspniaa" establishment^ 



184 HISTORY OF NORWAT. 

to Portland, and the County was destitute of amy paper till 
June, 1883 ; ajt that time Asa Barton commenced the publi- 
cation of the '^ Oxford Oracle," an independent paper, and 
having issued seven numbers, sold the establishment ; and the 
^^ Oxford Democrat" was then started in Paris by George W. 
Millett, who continued its publication nearly eighteen years. 
In April, 1832, the ^'Journal of the Times," a sn^all, inde- 
pendent, weekly paper, was commenced by William E. Good- 
now, and published about three months, but was then discon^ 
tinned, from the fact of its interfering with the subscription 
list of the Politician. In March, 1830, a smajl, independent 
paper, called the **Vilhige Spy," was commenced by Asa 
Baiion, and in a short time discontinued for want of patronage. 
Asa Barton became an attorney some years before his death. 
The '^Norway Advertiser," an independent family paper, 
was commenced by Im Berry, in March, 1844, and subse- 
quently published by Im Berry and Francis Bluko, Jr. ; and 
after the dissolution of the copartnership, by said Berry alone, 
again. : The paper was then published by Edwin Plummer, 
then by Albert B. Davis and Cyrus W. Brown, then by 
Thomas Witt, and lastly by Mark H. Dunnell; he soon al- 
tered the name to the ** Pine State News," but the pines arc 
become so scarce in this vicinity, that it seemed to be rather 
lonesome, and finally was discontinued in Jan., 1851. In 
July, 1851, a new paper under the old name of the Norway 
Advertiser, printed on a large, handsome sheet, was estab- 
lished by Moses B. Bartlett, Esq. ; it was subsequently 
purchased by George W. Millett, who now owns and publishes 
the same/ and has a handsome patronage. Up to the present 
paper, with the exception of the Politician, the Norway papers 
have been what, in common parlance, are styled neutral pa- 
pers; but within a few months the Advertiser has shed its 
old neutral skin, and appears at this time in a democratic 
garb. This course, in my humble opinion, is about right, for 
I s^liould think an editor and publisher, of any mind and /a/- 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. , 185 

eivls must feel as though ho were in a straight jacket, to^ bo 
all the time catering for a set of nobodjs and nothings, who 
do not belong to any party, but are ready to join any popular 
current which happens to be in the ascendancy. For myself, 
I always wish to be pretty certain about knowing to what 
particular genus every creature which I feed belongs, whether 
it be pig or puppy. I should have liked the paper full as 
well had it come out under whig colors ; but the editor and 
myself shall probably never quarrel about opinions, for ho 
has as good right to enjoy and exercise his a« I have mine ; 
but at all events, these pai)ers of the neuter gender I do n't 
think much of, except they arc, in reality, literary papers. 
They remind me, too much, of the man who pi-aycd, first to 
the Lord, and then to the devil, because he did not know cer- 
tain " into whose hands '' he might hereafter fall. 

Among other impi*ovements in the town and Village, is a 
fii*st-ratc engine for extinguishing fii*es ; altliough ii is desir- 
able to have but little use for it, yet should another calamitous 
fire, like that of last fall, happen, we hope it may be instru^ 
mental in saving much proj)erty from the devouring element* 
The two Village school-districts have become a corporate body 
for the purpose of procuring an engine, and the to^vn very 
liberally voted to pay $500 towards the same; and we fer- 
vently hope that no tax-payer will ever have cause to regret 
tlic appropriation ; it is also hoped that the members of the 
engine company may never gi'ow cold in their attachment to 
the^' Oxford Bear.^'* 

Late in the evening of the 29th of April, 1852, the house 
of Moses B. Bartlett, Esq., was discovered to be on fire. 
The alarm was instantly given, and in a few minutes the en- 
gine company with the " Bear '' were on the ground ; shortly 
aftorwardi the fire was extinguished, and the house saved. 

This was their firat essay in squirting Avater at the ** real 

1 1 1 1 II II I I II i - ---.--. -I 

* The name of the engiue. 



186 HISTORY OP NOEWAt. 

cloment/' And they were sigtially suocessful. May tlicy lobg 
wait for oootlier trial of their skill and prowe88% 

The " Norway Sax Horn Band " has been recently organ- 
ized) and bids fair to become celebrated for '^ discouraing sweet 
music." Such an organization is useful as well as ornamental, 
and was much needed on some occasions. Success attend the 
enterprise^ 

And now, almost last, but not least, is the Academy to be 
noticed. This institution is incorporated under the title of 
^' The Norway Libeml lastitute." The building is large and 
commodious, stands on a very dry and handsome elevatiiHi) 
open to a good, wholesome circulation of pure air, and seems 
every way fitted, under proper management, combined with a 
pi*oper disposition in the students, to be a fine place for tho 
acquisition of useful knowledge. It was opened in 1847) 
under favorable auspices ; in a catalogue for that year, I find 
the teachora wero us foUoAVS : Ebenczer P. IlindS) Principal ; 
Jacob W. Brown, Vice Principal ; John 0. Coolidge, Charles 
H. Nickerson, Silas S. Gifibi*d, Lemuel Bourne, Assistants ; 
Isaiah It. Baker, Teacher of Penmanship ; Miss Mary F. 
Chase, Preceptress ; Miss Mary A. A. Additon, Teacher of 
Music ; Miss Anne N. Deering, Teacher of Drawing and 
Painting. Number male students, 83, female, 01 ; total, 174* 
In 1848-49, the school was under the direction of J. 0» 
Eveleth, Principal ; Walter M. Hatch, Assistant ; and Miss 
Nancy F. Shaw in the female department. In 1850, the 
school was taught by Mark H. Dunnell, Principal ; Thomas 
F. Barton, Warren F. Barnes, Assistants ; and Miss Cath-^ 
orine Woodman in the female depai'tmetit. Such other assist* 
ants were employed as were necessary for the instruction of 
the various branches required to be taught in the institution* 

The institution has no permanent funds for its support, like 
many other, and old^r, Academies, but has to rely on its own 
oavnings to support itself; and it is hoiked that a discerning 
])ublic will pati-onize this self^upportcd school as much| ut 



lIIgTOUV OJj^ NOJttWAl'. 187 

Icsvst, OS tliey would ono which has been endowed with Ainds 
by the State. And while thinking and writing on thia sub- 
ject, I will at once enter my caveat against our Legislature's 
granting land or money to any incorporated literary institution. 
The reasons why they should not, are obvious to my mind, 
find I hope they Avill for the future bo to the members of tho 
Legislature. In the first place, as a general thing, the sons 
and daughters of tlie more opulent class enjoy, by fai*, the 
greatest advantages of such schools — as the poorer classes are 
not able to be at tho expense of sending their children to 
schools of so high a gi*ade ; and, furthermoi*e, the rich are 
abundantly able to provide such schools without the aid of the 
State. I would not bo understood as wishing to throw any 
impediment in the way of the education of our youth ; but 
contrary to that, I would open wide, and wider, the door for 
the education of the poor maws child, as well as the child 
of the rich nian% If the State has anything to bastow for 
the encouragement of education, let it be granted towards tho 
support of our primary schools ; in this way tho benefits will 
reach all classes of the community, ])Oor as well as rich. 
This would be acting a little in imitation of our Heavenly 
Father, '^ who causcth the sun to shine on the evil and on the 
good, and sendeth rain on the just and oh the unjust." In 
fact, I think the best disposition that could be made of a por- 
tion of our State lands, would be to grant it for the purpose 
of raising a fund for aiding our primary schools. Doubtless 
some argue in this way, that our primary schools do not afford 
such advantages as they wish their children to enjoy ; very 
good ; then send them to a higher school, but not at the ex- 
pense of the State. Furthermore, if our primary schools are 
not of so high a grade as some desire, then I say, apply the 
right remedy, and do something in a substantial way to raise 
them to the proper standard. For it must be obvious to every 
reflecting mind, that our primary schools are the great nurse- 
ries, from which are transplanted all those towering geniuses 



188 HISTORY OP NORWAY. 

which ornament our academies, colleges, the learned profess^ 
ions, and halls of legblation, throughout our happj laiul. 
But I must stop this tirade, lest some should think that I am 
arguing the cause of education hcfore our grave legislature ; 
and I fervently hope they Yf'iW be assailed with stronger 
arguments than these on the subject hereafter. 

The present teachera in the Institute are WiUiam D. Put- 
nam, Principal, and Miss Emeline F. Wright, Assistant. It 
is presumed that the advantages for students, male or female, 
at this institution, ai*e equal, at least, to any simikr institu-' 
tiou in this section of the country. 

The town has a small school fund, the interest amounting 
annually to $13,70, which accrued from the sale of some Luid 
gi'anted to the town by the legislature of Massachusetts, prior 
to our separation from that State. At the time of the dis- 
tribution of the surplus revenue, the writer believed it would 
bo good i)olicy lor the town to convert the money into a jkt- 
manent school fund, and expend the interest annually towards 
the support of our primai'y schools ; a few others were of the 
same opinion, but the majority thought otherwise. Probably 
they ma4lo a very prudent calculation, as some are cai-eful to 
see to the spending of all their earnings, lest the next gener- 
ation should not appropriate them to proper purposes. But 
such a fund would have been an hononible monument to have 
'erected ; and would have been productive of much benefit to 
posterity. 

The whole amount of t^ixcs assessed and paid in the town 

since its incorporation is as follows : 

Highway tax, - - - $94,15198 

Money tax, including State and County, 91,398 08 

Total amount of taxes, - - $185,550 06 

Individuals in the town of Norway OAvn about 280 shares 
in the At^antic & St. Lawrence Railroad, which we hope will 
ultimately bo beneficial to the business of the town and Vil- 






IIISTOIIY OF NORWAY. 189 

lagc. E. F. Beal, Esq., is one of tho Dircctora, and lias been 
since its commencement. 

At the first establishment of the post-office in Norway, or 
soon after, the receipts in the office for one quarter amounted 
to 18 3-4 cents, (this was the yery lowest extreme ;) the 
amount of receipts for tho quarter ending Juno 80th, 1861, 
being the last quarter under the old law, was $195,06 1-2 
centd ; and for the quarter ending March 31st, 1862, being 
the last quarter under the new law, $104,73. This is rather 
a wide contrast, but many other things have expanded in nearly 
the same ratio. Th^ receipts in the post-office at North Nor- 
way are unknown to the writer, but probably are rather small 
compai'cd with the Village office ; still it is a great convenienco 
to tho upper part of the town. Daniel Noble is post-master. 



I must begin to think about drawing towards the close of 
this imperfect sketch, but before I do that fully, I must be 
indulged in ttiaking a few comparisons of matters and things, 
although compai*i8ons ai*o said, by some, to bo invidious ; but 
I will try and not hit any one hard if I can help it ; and, 
furthermore, I do not mean comparisons about persons, but 
about things. 

Half a century ago, our beautiful Village consisted of a 
rude corn-mill, a saw-mill, a blacksmith's shop, and one store, 
where was kept for sale, rum, molasses, sugar, (mostly maple 
sugar) a little tea and coiTee, tobacco, salt, salt-fish, and a few 
other groceries ; a little calico, (oftentimes purchased by the 
pattern, say six yards to a pattern in those days) a little India 
cotton shirting and sheeting, a bag of cotton-wool, as it was 
then called, and other little etceteras to make up an assort- 
ment; and was finally a pretty good store for that day. 
There was no school-house in the Village at that time, and 
but two in the whole town. Houses small, poor, few and far 
betAvecn, with here and there a barn ; and most of the new 
farms were dotted with a log house and log hovel, and many 



190 HISTORY OP NORWAY. 

with nothing but a rudo hut to afford nightly shelter to the 
brawny laborer who was I'eclaiming the land from the wilder- 
ness. Beads were few and poor, and tlie vehicles of conyeyanoo 
poorer. The new settlers generally liad largo families of 
half-clad, hungi*y children around them, and everything wore 
the aspect of poverty and want 

I hope no fastidious reader will sneer at the uncouth ap^ 
pearance of our town while she was dressed in this simple and 
homely garb of childliood ; for, oven at that day, diero was 
good promise that impravcmcnt in the circumstances of Ufo^ 
conveniences, manners, and morals, would succeed tliose daya 
and years of poverty and privation. Now some one, perhaps, 
M'ill ask, what were the grounds of hope for improvement in 
that dark time ? I will tell you. There were many liaid 
hands, stout arms, and courageous hearts, not only in the 
fields and woods, but in the houses also ; — ^liearts that did not 
quail at a little hardship. The fathers wielded tlie axe, the 
handspike, the crowbar, shovel and hoe, with all the other 
implements necessary for new farming, and also all the imple* 
ments necessary for the mechanical business of the times ; 
the sons followed in the footsteps of their fathers. The good 
mothers were well acquainted with the dish-kettle, the frying- 
pan, the chum, and cheese-tub, and almost daily and nightly 
furnished sweet music on the spinning-wheel and loom ; the 
fair daughters did the same. And it is not at ajil surprising 
to a careful observer, that such causes should produce a great 
and important change in the lapse of half a century. 

But where, now, lot mo ask, are the first founders of our 
town 7 Where the Busts, tho Cummingses, the Eastman, the 
Stevenscs, the Ilobbsos, tho Bartlotts, the Parsonses, the Witt, 
the Milletts, the Smith, the Woodman, the Pikes, the Her- 
ring, the Noble, the Fuller, the Meriam, the Bennett, the 
Uptons, the Foster, the Holt, the Noyeses, the Sheds, the 
Farrar, tho Beed, tho Crocketts, the venerable Ames, with a 
host of other equally venerable and meritorious names, who 



HISTORY OP NORWAY. 191 

bore the lic&fc and burden of the day in the settlement of this 
town and Village ? Alas ! tliey have gone to that spirit land, 
from whose bourne no traveler returns I Let n& erect a monr 
ument of gratitude in our hearts to perpetuate the remembrance 
of the founders of this our beautiful town, who so nobly bat- 
tled with hardships, toil, and sometimes hunger and cold, ini 
subduing a wilderness, that they might leave to their poster- 
ity a land flowing with milk and honey. And may posterity 
learn wisdom and prudence from their departed ancestors^ 
covering with the mantle of charity their faults and frailties,, 
if any they had, and imitating and multiplying their praise- 
worthy acts. 

Now, let us take a careful view of the advantages, improve- 
ments and conveniences which we enjoy, and see if we, as a 
community, have not a little gi'ound for an honest pride ; and 
cause for great thankfulness for our present situation and 
prospects, when compared with former times. For by the 
long-continued pi-actice of industry and economy, our town 
and Village have made i*apid advances in agricultural improve- 
ments, in buildings, in mechanical business of almost all kinds, 
and in the mercantile line. We have now no less than four- 
teen school-liouses, a splendid academy, five meeting-houses, 
twelve or fifteen stores, ten or more blacksmith's shops, two* 
iron-founderies, seven saw-mills, two grist-mills, clapboard,, 
shingle, and lath-machines, plough manufactory, one larga 
carriage maimfactory, beside several smaller ones, goldsmith's, 
and gunsmith's shops, milliner's and dress-maker's shops, 
(and fine fingers to do up these matters in elegant style,) 
large shoe and boot establishments, besides many other smaller 
establishments for the accommodation of difierent parts of tho 
town, a largo furniture warehouse, a printing-press and weekly 
newspaper, (which, by the way, does up things pretty well,) 
a large paper-mill of tho latest improvement, an cxtensivo 
tannery, apothecary and barber's shops, a bool-bindery, card- 
ing and clothier's mills, and tailors to work u^. the cloth in as. 



192 HISTORY OP NORWAY. * 

gooil as Boston or New York style, two post-offices, three 
attorney's offices, all ably filled, three regularly bred physi- 
cians, all in deservedly high repute, dentists occasionally, (I 
inny almost say continually) and patent medicines almost 
anywhere, a splendid hotel in the Village, with a gentlemanly 
landlord, a baker and butcher to supply the daily wants of 
the hungry, besides many other things necessary and con- 
venient. 

And now, after seeing you all so well provided for, I must 
commit you to the care of a kind Trovidence, and bid you 
adieu, fondly hoping that the next half century will be as 
productive of improvements in the condition of the town as 
the preceding half has been. If any should think that I have 
i*ated things on too low a scale, they must impute it to my 
dull apprehension ; and if too high, the citizens of the to^vn 
must strive to come up to the standard. 



UISTOllY OJf" NOllWAY. lUU 



RECORD 

Of deaths in the town of Norway, from 1820 to 1852, as kept, and kindly Ittrniehed 

by Mrs. MEROY A. WHITMAN. 

1820. 

May 2, Mrs. Mary Cleaves, aged 92 years. June 21, 
Solomon Smith, 23, fits. July 12, Maj. Jonathan Cummings, 
42, suicide. Aug. 23, Judith Ayer, 2, fever ; 25, Capt. 
Henry Rust, 59, consumption ; 30, Edwin P. Reed, 2, dys- 
entery. Sept. 8, Mrs. Whiting, 32 ; 10, Martha C. Tucker, 
8 months; 26, Asa Lovejoy, jr., 47, consumption. Nov. 
20, Child of J. DoUey, 7 months. Dec. 24, Mrs. Tubbs, G8 ; 
26, Miss Martha Davis, 65, fever. 

1821. 
Feb. 5, child of Anjier Tubbs, 17 months ; 21, child of 
William Twombly, 5 months. March 17, child of James 
French, jr. ; 27, Mr. Peter Everett, senior ; one of the early 
settlers, and a native of France ; he came to this country 
previous to the revolution ; 27, child of John Case, 17 months. 
Aug. 25, Martha Twombly, 8, dysentery. Sept. 15, Mrs. 
Churchill, 25, consumption. Oct. 29, child of Mr. tiOrd, 8 
weeks. Nov. 7, Emma Stevens, 38, consumption. 

1822. 
Feb. 2, child of John Case, 18 months, fever ; 24, Mrs. 
]3ai*tlett, 43, mortification. March, child of Joseph Small, 
17 months ; 26, Mrs. Sarah Eastman, 71, rheumatic con- 
sumption. April 23, Capt. Ward Noyes, 50, fever. May 7, 
Widow Bartlett, 65, apoplexy. Dec. 10, Joseph Frost, 18, 
scrofula ; 10, child of Joseph Shackley. 

18 23. 
Jan. 2, child of S. Emery, 6 weeks. April 1, cliild of 
Thomas Judkins, 18 months ; 2, child of William Heed, 4 
weeks ; 14, Mrs. Moses Houghton, 42 ; 22, child of J. 
Rowe, 10. July 10, child of Mr. Howe, 7, fever. Aug. 9, 
Mx. Enoch Menill, 80 ; came to Norway in 1802 ; 26, child 

13 



194 HISTORT OF NORVAT. 

of Jonathan Stevens, dysentery ; 27, Martha B. Hall, 4, 
fever ; 27, ehild of Joel Stevens, 1, whooping-cough ; 27, 
child of William Corson. Child of John Merrill. Child of 
E. Bancroft, dysentery. Sept 6, child of N. Morse, lung 
fever. Child of J. Bancroft, dysentery. Sept. 12, Mrs. 
Benjamin Peabody, dysentery ; IS, child of Reuben Hill, 
18 months, dysentery. Three children of Hezekiah Pingree, 
dysentery. Child of E. Merrill, jr., dysentery. Child of 

E. Merrill, dysentery. Child of Mr. Bancroft, dysentery. 
Sept 14, Mrs. Elijah Flint, dysentery ; 20, child of J. Hall, 
1, cough. Child of Mr. Hutchinson, dysentery. Oct. 6, 
child of M. Lassell, dysentery ; 8, child of Simeon Noble, 4, 
dysentery. Child of David Morse, 9, dysentery. Nov., child 
of John Case, fever. 

1824. 
Jan. 2, child of J. Knight, fever ; 28, child of Dca. B. 
Herring, quinsy. Fob. 1, Mr. Stephen Latham, 55, colic ; 
16, Andrew Meriam, 19, decline. April 14, child of Israel 
Millett, fever ; 80, Fatima Millett, 10, quinsy. May 10, Mrs. 
Shed, consumption; 18, child of Aaron Shackley, 7 weeks,, 
fits. June 18, Mrs. Jeremiah Hobbs, 79, lung fever ; she 
was one of the oldest settlers. Aug. 1, child of 0. Pike, 4, 
dysentery. Aaron 0. Hall, 18 months, fever. Aug. 8, C. 

F. Pike, 4, dysentery; 28, Martha Bartlett, 10 montlis, dys- 
entery. Sept. 5, M. E. Greenleaf, 15 months, dysentery ; 
6, Orvella Tucker, 8, canker ; 7, Laura S. Morey, 2 ; 27, 
Catharine Knight, consumption. Oct. 14, William F. Beal| 

15 months. 

1825. 

Jan. 17, child of J. Pike. James Noyes, consumption. 
March 8, child of W. Mitchell, 2, fever; 26, Mrs. H. Noble, 
58, consumption. April 29, child of J. Hobbs, 8 months. 
May 26, Rebekah Downing, 16, fever. July 12, Mrs. H. 
Archer, 84 ; 29, Mrs. Case, 90, dropsy '; she moved into Nor- 
way in 1793, in an ox-cart, from Middleton, Mass. Aug. 2, 



history' OF NORWAY. 195 

child of J. Smith, 1, fever; 15, child of Darius Holt, jr. ; 
27, child of Reuben Hill, 2, dysentery. Sept 8, child of J. 
Shackley, canker ; 6, child of William Lord, 1, dysentery ; 
16, Lydia M, Fuller, fever ; 21, child of William Frost, 4, 
dysentery ; 24, child of J. Pike, 2, dysentery ; 26, child of 
H. Pingrcc, 8 ; 29, Mrs. S. Smith, 47, jaundice. 

1826. 

March 12, Mr. David Frost, 88, influenza. May 9, Mr. 

Eben Cobb, 70, consumption ; 18, Mr. Israel Millett, 40. 

June 8, Mr. William Pierce, 40 ; killed by a tree falling on 

him ; he lived a few days after the accident. Dec. 24, Polly 

Churchill, 3 months. 

1827. 

Jan. 18, Kathan Noble, 65 } injured fatally by the fall 
of a tree. Bravety Marston, 15, colic. Jan. 23, Mrs. 
Saunders, 45, consumption; 27, Lucinda A. Shackley, 18, 
dropsy. March 9, child of J. Hall, 1. May 8, Mrs. Wink- 
Icy, jaundice ; 19, Lydia C. Noble, wife of S. Noble, 22. 
Juno 6, Mrs. E. Whitmarsh, 70 ; 20, Mrs. Whitney, old age ; 
her house was the first building burned in Norway. July 29, 
child of J. Hall, 4 months, quinsy. Aug., Mr. Howard. 
Sept. 3, Mrs. French, 68, consumption ; 8, child of H. Pin- 
gree. Oct. 1, child of D. Holt ; 19, child of M. Upton. 
Nov., child of William Parsons, jr., quinsy. Child of WiU 
liam Hor. Dec. 28, Mrs. Israel Pike, consumption. 

1828. . 
Jan. 12, child of Asa Bai*ton, 5. Child of Mrs. Cushman, 
18 months. March 26, Mrs. Brown, 87, fits. May 12, Ju- 
dith P. Tucker, 4, quinsy ; 23, Olive Latham, 22, consump- 
tion. June 1, Harriet Foster, 8, fits ; 4, child of J. Hall ; 
21, Mrs. Sally Shackley, 42, consumption. Aug. 19, cliild 
of Joseph York, 4, dysentery ; 23, child of Joseph York, 2, 
dysentery. Sept. 2, Sally Greenleaf, 22 ; 4, child of Capt. 
IL Rust, 14 months ;* 6, child of D. Young, 4, quinsy. Oct. 
5, child of J. Bennett, 5, quinsy. Nov. 5, Sarah Rust, 4 8-4, 



196 niST(WlT OF NORWAT. 

quinsy:; 11, Heury Rust, 8, quinsy. Dec. 28, iAiM of J. 

Bradbury. 

1829. 

Jan. 1, Mrs. Witt, m(o of Benj. Witt, 50, consumption; 

17, Hannah Gorham, 20, consumption. March 1, Mrs. Jo- 

siah Blanchard, 48, fever ; 8, John Robinson, 70, dropsy. 

April 18, Levi Frank, 68 ; killed by faUing into a cellar 

"while moving a house. May 14, Mrs. Ruth Cade, 88. June 

26, Jacob Frondi, 40, fever. July 10, child of Nathaniel 

Millett, 2, lung fever. Aug. 2, chiW of Levi Shed, dyscn- 

leiy. Sept. 2, Woodman Bartlett, 8, fever ; 80, child of 

Simon Stevens, 16 months, quinsy. Oct. 20, Mrs. 'John S. 

Shed, SO, consumption. Nov. 19, Harriet Buck, 12, fever; 

26, Mrs. S. Buck, 42, fever ; 28, child of Mrs. Hall, 4 

months. Dec, child of William Lovcjoy. 

1880. 
Jan. 2, child of Hoyt Pingrce, 18 ; 28, child of John 
Witt, 8, quinsy. Feb. 9, David Smith, 80, fever. May 1, 
Mrs. Jordan, 94, old age. Stephen Curtis, palsy and old 
age. May 26, Clarissa Small, 24, consumption ; 27, child 
of Rufus 3artlett, jr., 6 months. June, Mr. Phinehas Whit- 
ney, 80, consumption ; he had a log amputated in 1824. 
July 8, Mr, Thomas Hill, 84 ; he was one of Burgoyne's 
men, and finally adopted the country ho came to figlrt. Child 
of H. Pike, whooping-cough. July 26, George L. Smith, 
15, consumption. Aug. 14, Joseph Stevens, 77, decline ; ho 
moved the first family into Rustfield ; 80, child of C. Cobb, 
dysentery. Sept. 30, Mrs. Churchill, 50, fever. Oct. 15, 
child of William Churchill ; 28, child of Ira Johnson, 14 
months ; 16, Mrs. M. Millett, 88, fever. 

1881. 

March 2, Edmund Merrill, 52, consumption ; 11, child of 

B. B. Murray, 1. May 18, child of John Witt, 8 months. 

June 80, Otis S. Noyes, son of D. Noycs, 16, consumption. 

July 5, child of John M. Wilson, 6, dysentery. Sept 17, 



UISTOttY OF NOftWAY. 11)7 

child of M. Smith, 1 month. Nov. 14, child of J. Shocklcy, 
18 months, meafiles ; 16, Simeon Herring, 23. 

1882. 
ISf arch 20, child of Charles Cleaves, 5, scarlet fever ; 23, 
child of same, 7, same disease ; 28, child of same, 3, samo 
disciiso. April 12, chikl of Dea. B. Herring, 4, samo. Child 
of Mr. Bich, 5, same; Child of same, 3 months, same. 
April 18, son of Dea^ B. Herring, 17, same; 17, child of 
Benjamin Peabody, jr., 3, samo; 20, child of Mr. Rich, 
same ; 21, Henry Herring, 13, same ; 23, child of Bobert 
Frost, 4, same. Child of Mr. Rich, 3, same. May 6, child 
of J. Holt, 2,. same ; 9, child of same, 4, same ; 11, Mi*s. 
BaiTOws, 27, fever ; 19, child of Cyrua Cobb ; 24, child of 
J. Andrews, 1, canker rash. June 11, child of Mr. Tucker, 
2, lung fever ; 19, child of William C. Whitney, 3, canker 
rasii ; 24, child of Gen. William Parsons, 5, lung fever. 
July 14, child of J. Hobbs, 3 months ; 15, William Tother- 
]y, 48; 20, child of James Hill, 2, canker rash; 25, child 
of same, 12, samo. Aug. 11, child of Reuben Hill, 1, samo ; 
10, Mrs. Jero Henley, 35, consumption. Sept. C, child of 
B. Barrows, 5, canker rash ; 16, Algernon Cox, 6, same. 
Oct. 4, child of Dr. J. S. Millett, 1 month ; 2.7, Mrs. John 
Gurney, 32. Nov. 15, Mrs. Frost, 78. 

1838. 

Feb. 9, Jonas Stevens, 84, palsy ; 24, Elizabeth Beal, 12, 

typhus fever ; 27, Mi*s. Joseph Rounds, consumption. April, 

child of E. Merrill, 6. July, child of A. Fuller, 6, canker 

rnsh. Aug. 25, David Stevens, 2 1-2, same. Sept. 28, 

child of If, Holt, same. Oct. 3, child of Mr. Hale. Dec. 

16, child of J. Hobbs, 8. 

1834. 

. Jan. 5, Mrs. Bobbins, 48, fover ; 18, Mrs. Ephraim Briggs, 

dropsy; 24, Mi-s. Twombly, fever. Feb. 1, child of Daniel 

Cummings, 1 ; 14, Eliza Fuller, consumption ; 15, wife of 

William Frost, 41 , fever ; 18, child of same, 2 weeks. March ' 



108 HI8T0BY or NORWAT. 

7, child of A. Fuller, 1. May 17, Charles L. Hobbs, 18^ 
fever ; 26, Capt. John Rust, 72, erysipelas ; 29, Dayid Gor^ 
ham, 72, consumption. June 19, child of Henry Pike, 7. 
Sept Jacob Parsons, 58, consumption. Nor. 22, Mrs. Nan* 
cy Cummings. 

Feb. 4, Hannah tlolt, wife of Uriah Holt, 46, consump^ 
tion ; 25, Mrs. Biggs, 19, same. March 19, wife of Sili» 
Meriam, 55, same ; 28, child of Benjamin Tucker, 6 montlis. 
April 22, David Whitcomb, 65, killed by logs rolling on him 
while at work. June 9, Mi*s. Sally Smith, 87, consumption ; 
18, child of Hirdm Millett, 10 montlis ; 18, Ehnira Hor, 18, 
consumption ; 28, Mrs. Eunice Bartlett, 88, in a fit. July 
11, Mrs. Gammon, 65, suddenly; 25, child of Elliot Smitli, 
10 months ; 28, Mary Crockett, 20, cancer. Aug. 8, Scw^ 
all G. Ordway, 29, consumption ; 27, Mrs. Joseph Morse, 
25, same. Nov. 12, Mrsi Adalino A; Boal, 28, same. Child 
of William Brown, 8 months^ 

1886. 
Jan. 16, child of J. Rounds, 9 months; l7, Louisa Cush- 
man, 27, consumption. Feb^ 5, Nathan Foster, senior, 72^ 
found dead in his bam-yardi March 19, Zachariah Weston^ 
75, decline ; 22, child of Andrew Mills, feveri April 4, Jo-" 
seph Bradbury, 67, erysipelas ; 22, child of Asa Thayer, 1 
month ; 29, child of H. C. Reed, 15 months. May 21, Mrs. 
Alexander Mills, 60, decline; 31, Martha Hobbs, 11, disease 
of the heart. July 80, Mrs. Mary Cushman, 28, dropsy^ 
Aug. 1, "Mrs. Anna French, 40, consumption ; 3, Mrs. Ei 
Itall, 60, same ; 5, Mrs. John Case, 47, cancer ; 11, child 
of Thomas Pool, cough. Sept. 28, wife of Tliomas Chase, 
•28, consumption. Oct. 11, Elizabeth, wife of Benjamin 
Flint, 70, same; 21, wife of Stephen Pingree, senior, 84 j 
same ; 80, Mary Jane Upton, 28, same. . Nov., Maj. Elijah 
Ha^U, 72, cancer. Dec. 20, Mrs. Daniel Knight, 74, con- 
sumption. 



HISTORY OF NOUWAYi 100 

18 87. 

Jan. 8, Col. Amos Town, suddenly ; 10, Nathan Foster^ 

jr., 45, fever* Feb. 6, child of M. Lassell, 6, fever ; 14j 

child of Asa Pool, quinsy. March 10, Sally, wife of David 

Noble, 80, spine complaint; 17, Sally Crockett, 80, dropsy* 

April 14, Jane Bodwell, 27, consumption. June 21, child 

of A. Fuller. July 4, Bradley Foster, 18^ drowned in mill* 

pond in Greenwood; 20, child of Titus 0. Brown, jr., 2 l-2j 

canker rash ; 24, John Brown, 14, same* Aug. 14, child of 

Henry Pike, 18 monUis ; 24, Mr. Carr, a stranger, 60, colic j 

26, child of William Pingrce, 6, canker rash ; 29, Lorenzo 

D. Shackley, 24, consumption. Septi 11, child of M. P» 

Smith, 23 months. Nov. 11, Ann J. Witherbee, 18, canker 

rash ; 80, child of S. Merrill, 4, same* Dec. 5, 6. Golfing 

24, consumption. 

1888. 

March 1, Mrs. Abagail Fuller, 72, influenza ; 29, Martha 

M. Young, 11, fever; 80, child of L. Millett, 8, canker rash. 

April 8, Amos Upton, 06, old ago ; 10^ child of Paul Twom-» 

bly, 1. Child of Jabez Chubb. May 18, child of Dresser 

Stevens ; 28, Cyrus Lord, 26, consumption ; 80, Ephraim 

Barrows, 77, decline. July 15, Archelaus Fuller, 86, colic ; 

80, Dudley Pike, 78, decline. Aug. 9, child of Wm. Hallj 

2 weeks; 16^ child of Dr. L. Tripp, 16 months. Sept. 18, 

child of J. Grcenlcaf, 1 month ; 26, child of E. Flint, 4; 

Mrs. William Frost, 44. Nov. 12, wife of William Hallj 

'82, consumption. Dec. 16, Jonathan Saunders, 62, insanity; 

he attempted to destroy his own liCd several years before, by 

cutting his throat, but did not cut quite deep enough^ and 

most of the time afterwards was a raving maniac: 

1889. 

Jan. 21, Jacob Frost, 84, old age; he was wounded at 

Bunker Hill. Fob. 2, daughter of John Perry, 8, quinsy* 

Child of William Lord, 4 months. Samuel Andrews, 66, 

consumption. Child of William Twombly, 6, Canker rash* 



200 HISTORY OF NORWAY. 

March 10, child of Amos Briggs, 9 months ; 19, Ghloe Cobb, 
78, consumption ; 20, child of Joel Millott, 10 montlis; 81, 
child of J. Stanley, 18 months. April 10, Mrs. John Mil- 
lott, 78, consumption ; 80, wifo of Dudley Piko, 82, dropsy. 
John B. Ford, 88, consumption. May 4, Mrs. L. Houghton, 
37, same. June 8, Amos Hobbs, 77, dropsy— one of the 
first settlers ; 19, Sally Parsons, 21, palsy. July 16, child 
of Jlenry C. B«ed, 5 months. Aug. 6, Sally S. Hale, 11, 
colic; 17,. child of Wm. Beal, 5, dysentery. Child of Dr. 
L. Tripp, 1 month. Sept. 10, Mra. Peter Buck, 80, con- 
sumption ; 16, Mi*s. Zebedee Perry, 81, dropsy. Child of 
Mrs. Town, 2, dysentery. Sept. 19, child of Henry W. Mil- 
lett, 7 months. Child of J. Saunders, 15 months. Oct. 16, 
Edmund Frost, colic. Dec. 22, child of David P. Hanaford, 
18 months ; 29, Josiah Blancliard, 70 ; 80, M. A. McAllis- 
ter, 16, dysentery. 

1840. 

. Jan. 13, Mrs. Thomas Hill, 90, old age March 21, Miss 
Pool, 18, colic; 4, Mrs. II. Giles, 66, consumption; 25, child 
of Simon Stevens, 7. April 24, John Needham, 80, palsy ; 
25, Mrs. Joel Frost, 64, apoplexy. May 18, Elizabeth Whitr- 
man, 42, dropsy. June 27, Mary A. Colins, 22, consump- 
tion. Sept. 22, child of Elliot Smith,. 2 ; 8, Miss Stevens, 
65, consumption. Lovejoy, 16, fever. Oct. 18, Mrs. Pool, 
30, same ; 21, Mrs. Thaddeus Brown, 64, dropsy — she was 
the widow of Capt. Ward Noyes. Nov. 6, David Woodman, 
98 ; 7, Mi-s. H. Shackley, 52, consumption ; 80, Mre. Eben 
Bancroft, 66, same. Dec. 4, John Ames, 9, drowned; 31, 
wife of Joshua Smith, 65, consumption. 

1841. 
Jan. 3, Joel Town, lung fever ; 7, Henry L. Noyes, son 
of D. Noyes, 28, consumption. Feo. 25, Mrs. Chubb, fever. 
March 10, wife of Henry Noble, same ; 21, child of M. P. 
Smith, 8 months. April 10, widow of Joseph Stevens, 83, 
hurt fatally by a fall — tho first woman who camo into Nor- 



HISTORY OP NORWAY. 201. 

way ; 20, child of Moses Ames, 5 months. May 15, wife 
of M. P. Smith, 81, consumption ; 17, Willis Sampson, 65, 
cancer and dropsy. June 2, Josephine Young, 83, consump- 
tion ; 25, wife of Moses Ames, 83, same ; 26, Mr. Francis, 
79, stoppage. Aug. 2, Diana Ames, 9, fits. Sept 14, 
Nancy Jones, consumption ; 24, child of Dr. N. Grant, 1, 
dysentery. Oct. 21, child of E. Brown, 1 month ; 29, child 

of J. Tamer, 2 months. 

1842. 

Feb. 12, Malvina Frank, 5; 18, child of W. Ramsdell, 4, 
canker rash ; 22, child of same, 2, same ; 24, child of Aaron 
Shacklcy, 4, same. March 2, Desire Tubbs, 19, consump- 
tion ; 5, child of Cephas Sampson, 2, canker rash ; 20, child 
of Seba Gammon, same ; 22, child of J. llichardson, scarlet 
fever. April 3, child of Amos Briggs, same ; 21, Mrs. 
Churchill, 76, consumption; 24, child of II. W. Millett, 2; 
29, child of Rev. T. J. Tenney, 15 months, canker rash ; 29, 
Jonathan Hall, 52, aj)oplexy. May 5, child of A. Thayer, 

I, canker rash; 12, child of A. A. Latham, 2 1-2, same;. 
14, child of A. Thayer, 3, ssvme; 31, Sarah Maria Noyes,. 
only daughter of D. Noyes, 18, consumption. June 4, child 
of Wm. Hall, 6, canker rash ; 15, Catherine Tubbs, 9, con- 
sumption. Child of Mr. McAllister, 7, canker rash. , July 

II, Widow Prince, 73, apoplexy. Aug. 11, Asa Pool, 50, 
consumption ; 14, Wm. Lord, Jr., 26, sciatica ; 31, Hannah 
l^ubbs, 16, consumption. Sept. 20, John Pierce, son of 
Wm. Pierce, 24, canker rash ; 22, child of E. L. Knight. 
Wife of Heniy Pike, 43, fever. Mrs. Thompson, 91, old age. 
Oct. 9, Maria P. K. Holt, daughter of Uriah Holt, 18, con- 
sumption; 10, Lydia Frost, 21, dropsy; 23 and 24, two 
children of Reuben Noble, canker rash : 28, wife of Lee 
Mixer, 34, consumption. Benjamin Witt, 77, palsy — the 
first blacksmith. Nov. 6, Peter Buck, 94, old age — the first 
nhoemaker; 24, Mrs. Ruth Rust, 79, jaundice. Son of 
Daniel Town, 10, canker rash. Dec. 13, child of William 
Hall, 3, scalded. Mrs. Serena Frost, 31, fever. 



202 BISTORT OF KORWATi 

184 8. 
Feb. 20, Bichard Morse^ 15, fever. William Hobbs, 63^ 
consumption. Feb. 21, Dorcas Knigbt, 18, same ; 22, child 
of J. Morso, jr., 8 weeks. April 4, Mrs. Bullon, 48, con- 
sumption ; 6, Sarah Bust, IS, erysipelas ; 10, Joel Frost, 
jr., 58, fever. Child of Mr. Smith, 2. May 2 and 8, Jo- 
sephine, 2, Harriet D., 4, children of J. N. Hall, whooping 
cough ; 17, child of Pleaman Holt; 26, Catharine G. Nojes, 
wife of n. L. Noyes, 32, coniiumptiOn. Esther Herring, 
insanity. June 28, widow of Ebon Cobb, 00, consumption. 
July 10, Mrs. Amelia Wilkins, dropsy. Sept. 21, Harriet 
Crockett, 19, fever ; 23, child of John Howe, 14 months. 
Oct. 8, Ebenezer Hobbs, 2d, 17, from wounds received at a 
husking; 26, Joshua Smith, 73, consumption. Nov. 8^ 
Catharine Morse, 11, fever. Dec. 1, John Millett, 76, iu-) ^ 
fluenza ; 7, Mrs. Israel Pike, fever. 

1844. 
Jan. 8, wife of Samuel Ames, 85, influenza. Feb. 11, 
child of Silas Meriam, jr., 8 months. Child of John S. 
Shed, 14 months, Scalded. Feb. 29, Samuel Cutter, 56, ap 
oplexy. March 18, Mrs. Cushman, 47, lung fever ; '4, Mrs. 
Herring, 83. April 16, Thomas J. Everett, 38, brain fever. 
May 16, child of Otis True, 1, scarlotina. July 20, wife of* 
Wm. Parsons, 83 ; 30, Silas Meriam, 76, palsy. Sept. 8, 
Mrs. Sarah Crockett, 77, dropsy ; 13, Theodosia E. Stetson, 
18, consumption. Oct. 7, Mrs. John Swift, 82 ; 25, Martha 
Whitmarsh, 27, consumption; 29, Ephraim Brown, 56. 
Nov. 2, wife of J. N. Hall, consumption. 

1845. 
Jah. 8, D6a. Wm. Parsons, 85, old age ; 18, Mrs. Mary 
Hall, 57, consumption. Feb. 4, Benj. Herring, 84, old age ; 
.23, Josiah Hill, 80, palsy ; 28, Job Eastman, 95, old age. 
April 11, Harriet E. P. Goodnow, 14, diabet^ ; 12, wife of' 
PleaVnan Holt, 34, consumption. June 4, wife of Asa Hicks^ 
64, dropsiy. July 6, Harriet W* Henley, 20, consumption j 



HISTORY 0^ NOllWAY. 208 

20, Catharine Hobba, 17, foVer. Aug. 10, Mnl. Peter Town, 
69, fever ; 20, child of Samuel Foster, 1 ; 24, Mrs. Brad- 
bury, 79, decline. Child of Mr. Jordan, 8. Sept. 15, Hen- 
ry L. Crockett, 28, fever ; 28, Mary M. Phelps, 21, same ; 
•27, wife of J. Bounds, 27, consumption. Oct. 80, Joshua 
Crockett, 54, from obstruction of the swallow and stomach. 
Dec. 16, wife of Henry Noble, fever ; 24, Daniel Watson, 
senior, 83, asthma and consumption ; 29, John Frost, 77. 

1846. 

Jan. 7, wife of L. Hathaway, consumption. Feb., Mrs. 
Mercy Hobbs, same. April 11, Daniel Young, 64, same. 
Child of Mrs. Everett, 2. April 27, Miss Tarbox, 80, jatill- 
dice. Juno 18, wife of H. Kust, 55, consumption ; 28, Mrs. 
Anie Morse, 68, same. Aug. 4, Mrs. Sarah Ruejt, 83 ; 18, 
fchild of D. Cummings. Sept. 1, Mrs. Mercy Woodman, 75, 
consumption ; 22, wife of J. B. Richardson, 29, and twiu 
children. Oct. 6, wife of Lemuel Shed, 88, consUinption ] 
22, Wilson Hill, 19, fever. Nov. 19, wife of S. Grcejnlcaf, 
jr., 88 ; 27, Asa Danforth, jr., 6, fever. Dec. 10, Mi*sj 
Hannah Hill) 45, fever. 

1847. 

Jan. 17, Mrs. Lydia Tubbs, 61, consumption ; 19, Mrsj 
Kebekah Frost, 80 ; she was the widow of Nathaniel Stevens, 
one of the early settlers, whose family was at one time dis-^ 
tressed for want of food. Feb. 17, child of J. Bancroft, 20 
months. March 31, Mrs. Sargeant, 22. April 15, Joseph 
York, jr., 19, hurt in a saw-mill; 16, Helen M. Noyes, 5^ 
.dropsy; 17, William Cox, 73, consumption; 20, widow of* 
Amos Upton, consumption ; 26, Mrs. Nancy Hobbs, 59, con- 
.sumption. May 2, child of Cephas Sampson, 2, croup. 
June 3, son of Andrew Mills, 18, consumption ; 18, Lucy 
Jane Perry, 20, same ; 16, wife of John Frost, 72, fit ; wife* 
of Wm. Loi-d, 50, fever. July 8, Mrs. Mercy Bartlett, 80y 
consumption ; 11, child of Lyman Bird, 2 ; 16, George E. 
Smith, 15 ; 23, wife of Jacob Parsons, suddenly ; 27, Mrs^ 



204 niSTOBT OF NORWAT. 

Esther JordaD, 75, consumption. Sept S, wife of John 
l^Iarch, 77, same ; 10, child of Wm. G. Pierce, 2 ; 80, wifo 
of Aaron Shackloy, 47, cancer. Oct 7, child of Wm. Brown, 
; 8, child of Amos F. Noyes, 8, fever ; 24, wife of Col. 
A. Town, 67, fall, and dropsy. Not. 18, Cyrus Cobb, 54, 
killed by a &1I in his bam ; 25, David Morse, 75, dropsy. 
Doc. 6, John Parsons, 85 ; 7, child of J. S. French, 20 
mouths ; 20, child of M. P. Smith, 9 months. 

1848. 
Jan. 16, Caroline Pike ; 29, £mily Cliandler, 27, con- 
sumption. Feb. 1, Asa Barton, 54, same; 10, Matthias 
Smith, 42, found dead ; 21, James Packard, 89, old age. 
March 5, daughter of Mr. Herrick, 14, dropsy ; 27, Mrs. 
David Gorham, 80, consumption. April 20, Mra. Merrill, 
85. May 30, Jonathan G. Town, 28, brain fever. Juno 11, ' 
wife of Maittbew Tinssell, 58, consumption ; 29, child of E. 
L. Knight, 4 1-2, fever. July 19, llufus Bartlctt, 87, old 
age ; 25, Zephaniah Frost, 68 ; 29, Ann Lassell, 27, con- 
sumption. Sept 4, Joseph Small, 74, same ; 7, wife of Amos 
Hobbs, 89, old age— one of tbe first settlers ; 16, John Case, 
75, cancer. Oct 2, Mrs. John Parsons, 80. Nov. 2, child 
of Mr. Rowe ; 26, William Walton, 45, fever ; 28, William 
Reed, the firat post-master, 78, consumption. Dec. 29, Ellen 

Flint, 17, same. 

1849. 

March 10, child of J. Morse, 10 weeks ; 17, child of James 

Merrill, 2, whooping cough. Timothy Jordan, 82, old age. 

Child of Iliram Millett April, Ezra Stevens, 40, fits ; 26, 

Sophia L. Frost, 13. Susannah Tubbs, 90, non compos 

mentis. May 13, Avidow Ripley, 68, cancer; 26, child of' 

A. P. Bumell, 14 months. June 9, child of Mr. Tucker ; 

21, Uriah Holt, Esq., 73, gravel. July 12, Charles Tubbs, 

68, consumption ; 21, widow Anthony Bennett, 70, same; 

24, wife of Solomon Millett, 70, same ; 27, Rebckah Everett, . 

14, croup; 31, child of Asa S. Pool, 14 mouths. Aug, 25, 



HISTORY OF NORWAY. 206 

Afinio Slmttiick, 2, dysentery ; 21, Frederic Tucker, 2 1-2, 
same ; 24, child of A. Smith, some ; 25, child of J. H. Mer- 
rill, 2 1-4, same ; 28, child of Mr. Stevens. Sept. 3, child 
of F. Manning, same ; 4, Mrs* Ridlon, 50, same ; 5, Mrs. 
Stevens, 31, same ; 6, Gilbert Noble, 21, same ; 10, child of 
E. Amos, 14 months, same; 11, child of P. L. Pike, 11 
months, same ; 12, child of J. Morse, 4, same ; 15, child of 
E. P. Fitz, 19 mouths, samo ; 19, child of Ezra Shackley, 9 
months, same; 20, child of J. H; Morse, 1, same ; 21, child 
of Mr. Raymond, 9 months, same ; 22, Mr. Woodbury, 65, 
same ; 23, child of Thomas Iliggins, same ; 24, child of Mr. 
Holden, 1, same. Child t)f James Merrill, 8, same. Oct. 
11, Mi*s. Ghloe Holt, 80, consumption; 13, Mrs. Mason, 50, 
ilysentery. Child of Mr. Sargent, 2, same. Nov. 5, Aaron 

Chandler, SO, same. 

1850. 

Jan 12, wife of E. J. Pottle, 85, consumption ; 15, wife 
of A. Thayer, 40, fever. Mrs. Clark, fever. William C. 
Brooks, 74, dysentery. Cliild of William Ilall, same. Child 
of Daniel Hobbs, same. Daniel Davis, 24, consumption. 
Feb. 15, Jeremiah Hobbs, 64, same. Joel Stevens, 95, old 
age. Wife of G. W. Seaverns, 25, consumption. Josiah 
Ilill, 30, same. May, Michael Welsh, 9, scrofula. Harriet 
N. Noyes, 30, consumption. Harriet B. Morse. Child of 
Reuben Noblo. July 20, Jonathan Woodman, 78, sudden. 
Child of A. Smith, 13. July 30, wife of Jonathan Pottle, 
82. Aug. 3, wife of James Crockett, 59, diarrhoea ; 10, 
Wm. Churchill, 54, consumption; 12, David Woodman 
Bartlctt, 19, brain fever. Child of J. Hannaford, J, dysen- 
tery. Mrs. Brown, 70, consumption. Aug. 18, cliild of 
Ephraim H. Brown, 2, dysentery ; 24, daughter of John 
Bird, 19, brain fever. Child of Edmund Merrill, 2. Sept. 
3, daughter of Sewall Crockett, 21, fever ; 11, child of Charles 
Parsons, 8, same ; 22, Eli Grover, 34, same ; 25, child of 
Henry Small, 14 months. Oct. 5, wife of L. Hathaway, 34, 



206 inSTORT 07 NORWAT. 

consumption ; 6, child of William Cox, 4 months ; 10, vifo 
of Simeon Walton, 72, fevor ; 18, child of M. P. Smith, 18 
months ; 28, William Beal, 81, old age ; 28, Eunice Ban- 
croft, 28, consumption. Nov. 8, wife of Sewall Crockett, 50, 
foyer ; 14, wife of S. S. Hall, 80, consumption. Child of 
J. Greenleaf, 8 weeks. Nov. 24, wife of D. Pottle, 44, con- 
sumption. Child of Wm. C. Pierce, T, dysentery. Dec. 7, 
child of A. T. Murphy, 1, scalded; 80, Ansel Boss, 30, con- 
sumption. Four children died in the north part of the town; 

names unknown. 

1851. 

Jan. 2, daughter of Horsley Shed, 7, canker rash ; 17, 
Hannah Jordan, 76 ; 15, child of Mr. Grelderman, 1 ; 25, 
Betsey Witt, 48, consumption. April, Mrs. Forbes, 70, 
palsy; 21, Lois T. Cobb, 15, consumption'. May 22, Ann 
M. Woodbridge, 19, same ; 25, Levi Shed, 55, same. Juno, 
daughter of M. Parsons, 15, same; 17, Daniel Watson, 50, , 
same ; 25, wife of Samuel Foster, same. July 14, child of 
J. B. Stuart, 8 montlis ; 26, James Foster, 6, fever. Aug. 
4, child of T. J. Needham, 4, canker raah ; 4, Mrs. Benja- 
min Jordan, 60, consumption'; 28, Mrs. William Frost, 48, 
same ; 27, child of Eev. E. F. Quinby, 4, croup. Child of 
Lewis Shackley, 8 weeks. Sept. 2, Mra. Wentwortb, 72, 
jaundice ; 10, child of W. W. Ilobbs, 4, cholera morbus ; 10, 
wife of H. W. Strong, 87, consumption ; 18, wife of William 
Frost, 8d, 28, same. Oct. 7, child of H. W. Strong, 5 
months ; 24, Abigail Parsons, 54, fits ; 80, wife of Titus 0. 
Brown, 82, congestion of the lungs. Nov. 4, wife of Daniel 
Ilolt, 68, consumption ; 24, child of Clark Knight, 4. Dec. 
25, child of Mahalou Crockett. 

1852. 

Jan. 4, child of Charles Walton, 5, croup ; 14, Elizabeth 

Cobb, 20, consumption. John Richardson, 80, same. Jan. 

27, II. Mclntire, 83, dropsy ; 28, Widow Ellis, 82, consump- 

tion ; 29, child of Reuben Noble, 5, canker rash. Feb, 2, 



HISTORY OP NORWAY. 20T 

A. Dunham, 46, decline. March 1, 1. Merrill, 82, consump- 
tion ; 6, Mrs. Frances Chandler, 58, stoppage ; 8, Mrs. Sarah 
Farwell, 63, consumption ; 18, Samuel Ames, 93, palsy ; 
28, Nancy Morse, 8. April 9, Nathaniel Millett, 80, dropsy 
and apoplexy. Ellen F., 7, 22, Rebecca G., 1 5-6, daugh- 
ters of Dr. Jesse Howe, both congestion of the lungs. May 
11, Daniel Witt, 24, killed on railroad. June 15, Mrs. Ma- 
ry Frost, 68, consumption. William K. Emery, 54, same. 
July 12, wife of John Bird, 76, same ; 21, Clara Sophia, 
daughter of Gen. William Parsons, 17, fever ; 10, wife of A. 

A. Latham, 36 ; 24, wife of Daniel Herring, dropsy ; 29, 
Gen. William Parsons, 66, fever. Aug. 3, wife of William 

B. Upton, 24, consumption; 24, wife of Martin Stetson, 
palsy ; 26, Rev. Edwin F. Quinby, just from California, fe- 
ver. Sept. 29, wife of Otis True, 31, consumption. Oct. 
11, William B. Upton, stoppage of stomach; 19, wife of 
Benjamin Rowe, 82, dropsy ; 25, Ebenezer Bancroft, jr.y 
fever. Wife of John Witt. 



PATRONS. 



As a grateful acknowledgment of iho liberal patronage 
bestowed on the preceding work by the citizens of the to\m 
of Norway, and by many gentlemen of other towns, the writer 
cheerfully embraces the opportunity of publishing a list of its 
patrons at the close of the book, believing that it will bo 
gratifying to future generations to look back, and see the lib- 
erality displayed for the purpose of preserving from oblivion 
the memories and names of those who have patiently and 
perseveringly labored to build up the town to its present 
prosperous condition, from what was formerly a howling wil-- 
demess, and only the abode of savage beasts, and moro 
savage men. 

The reader will probably see, and if not, may plainly 
understand, that the writer has purposely omitted saying 
anything about political parties of any description, or any of 
the prevailing isms of the present day ; as he thinks there will 
be enough of the acrimony and bitterness of party strife go 
down to future generations without making a book record for 
its preservation. Heither ^oga he intend to hide l^mself be- 
hind the oft-resorfed-to-^creen pi belonging to no party, or 
sect; for his political course has always boon distinctly 
marked, and known, and probably will continue the same, 
until ho sees a siifficient reason for changing his opinion. 
Tho present ago is an ago of progress, and (ho hopes) of 
improvement, in the diffusion of knowledge, and in tho ame- 
lioration of the condition of the human family ; and time only 

14 



210 



KAUBS OF PATROK& 



will doYolop wliothor tlio oonflioting oxortionfl of tlio various 
parties and organissations will ultimately tend te promote tlio 
prosperity and happiness, first of our own nation, and then 
of the whole human fiunily. This is a momentous question, 
the consideration of which ought to haye a large place in the 
mind of every considerate and candid person. 



NAMES OF 

William Wirt Virgin, 2 

Moses C. Bartlett, 2 

Edwin W. Howe, 
Dr. Jesse Howe, 
John Deering, 
Adna 0. Dcnison, 
Otis True, 
Levi Whitman, 
Ezekiel 0. Jackson, 
George F. Kimball, 
Thomas F. Beal, 
Joseph A. Small, 
John 0. Kimball, 
James Crockett, , 

Samuel Favor, 
Bobert Pike, Oxford, 
Ebenezer G. Shackley, 
Edmund Ames, 
William Parsons, 
Thomas Higgins, 
Ebenezer Hobbs, 
Thomas G. Benson^ 
Aurelius 0. Noble, 
James H. Merrill, 
GIiandlerF. Millett, Oxford, 
Thomas H. Kelley, 



PATRONS. 

Solomon S. Hall, 
Jeremiah Howe, 
Jeremiah W. Hobbs, 
Asa Thayer, 
Mark ?. Smith, 
Elbridge G. Allen, 
Enoch L. Knight, 
Ceylon Watson, 
Henry Bust, 
Loren H. Wrisley, 
Dudley Pike, 
Aaron Shackley, 
Franklin Manning, 
Granville L. Beed, 
Samuel Crockett, Oxford, 
Ansel Dinsmore, 
Oren Hobbs, Portland, 
William B. Danforih, 
Francis A« Danfbrth, 
Nathaniel Bennett, 
Josiah P. Lovejoy, 
John Beal, 
George W. Seavems, 
Titus 0. Brown, jr., 
John W. Baymond, * 
Francis H. Whitman, . 



NAUES OF PATROHS. 



211 



Isaac A. Denison, 


1 


Lee Mixer, 
Amos T. Murphy, 
Horatio G. Cole, 


1 

1 
2 


Joshua B. Stuart, 


1 


Jonathan Blake, 


1 


Sihis Bates, 


1 



William M, R. Lunt, 1 

John Dealy, 1 

Thomas Pool, 1 
Cliarles Pike, . 1 
William D. Cordwell, Paris, 1 

Isaac Bartlett, 1 

Elliot Smith, 1 

William Needham, 1 

Henry W. Millett, 1 

Cephas Sampson, 1 

Thomas T. Uobbs, 1 

Ebenezer P. Fitz, 1 

Richard Evans, 1 

Samuel Gibson, 1 

Elijah R. Merrill, 1 

Ocorgo H. Bernard, 1 

James 0. Bulpit, 1 

Orovcsnor Crockett, 1 

Ichabod Bartlett, 2 

Otis F. Mixer, 1 

Isaac Bolster, 1 

Moses Ames, 1 

Ephraim H. Brown, 1 

John S. Hutchins, 1 

David McAllister, 1 

Joel Parkhurst, 1 

Dr. Asa Danforth, 2 

James S. Greenleaf, 1 



Greorgo L. Beal, 1 
J.W. B. Welcome, Oxford, 1 

Isaac Bennett, 1 

Benjamin Barrows, 1 

Sewall Crockett, jr., 1 

Alfred P. Bumell, 1 

Zebulon Rowe, 1 

(jeorge W. Mann, 1 
Peter W. Buck, Greenwood, 1 
WilUam C. Whitney, . 1 

Moses A. Young, 1 

Charles S. Mallett, 1 

Samuel Partridge, 1 

Jeremiah H. Hall, 1 

Sumner Hale, 1 

Samuel Cobb, jr., 1 

William Hayes, 1 

Samuel P. Frost, 1 

Ezra F. Beal, 2 

Edwin Stetson, 1 
Stuart H. Noble, Portland, 1 

Charles P. Kimball, <6 

John Woodman, 1 
James L. Shackley, Paris, 1 

Jesse Howe, Sumnci*, 1 

Jonathan B^ Smith, 2 

William P. Witt, 1 

Luther F. Foster, 1 

Daniel Holt, 3d, 1 

William B. Upton, 1 

Simbn Stevens, 2d, 1 

Anthony Bennett, 1 

Nathaniel G. French, 1 

Charles Parsons, 1 

Isaac Farrington, 1 



212 



NAMBS 07 PATB0N8/ 



Washington Noycs, 1 

Boubcn Noble, 1 

Aaron Wilkins, 1 

Theodore L. Lassell, 1 
Kufus Bartlett, Greenwood, 1 

William P. Buck, 1 

James Merrill, ^ 1 

Simon Stevens, 1 

William D. Paine, 1 

Uriah II. Upton, 1 

James Tubba, 1 

Calvin Shed, 1 

William Pingree, 1 

Perry D. Judkins, 1 

Darius M. Holt, 1 

William Frost, jr., 1 

John S. Shed, 1 

Dudley B. Holt, 1 

Simeon Noble, 1 

David B. Crockett, 1 

Horsley Shed, 1 

William Hall, 1 

William Cox, 1 

Augustus Heirick, 1 

Thomas Melzeard, 1 

Amos T. Holt, 2 

Elijah II. Hobbs, 1 

Simeon Frost, 1 

Ansel Town, 1 

Jeremiah Foster, 1 

Luke Fletcher, 1 

George W. Sholes, 1 

John Bird, jr., 1 

George Frost, 1 

Henry C. Reed, 1 



Nathan Millett, 1 

Bev. J. L. Stevens, 1 

Joseph A. Bradbury, 1 

Johnson Frost, 1 

Thomas Witt, 1 

Amos F. Noyes, 1 

John Millett, . 1 

Lorenzo D. Hobbs, . 1 

Charles Penley, 1 

David B. Noyes, 1 

Mohalon Crockett, 1 

Joei Millett, 1 

James Bennett, 1 

David T. Frost, 1 

Henry Pike, 1 

Bodolphus Young, 1 

Dudley Woodbridge, 1 

Thos. Judkins, Greenwood, 1 
Brockett Morston, 1 

Nathaniel Pike, 1 

Ethiel Stevens, Greenwood, 1 
W.Stevens, Cambridge, Ms. 1 
John A. Holmes, Paris, 1 
Addison A. I^tham, 1 

Joseph A. Kendall, 1 

William Frost, 8d, 1 

Elhanon W. Fyler, Minot, 1 
Henry Upton, 1 

Lawson Cobum, Greenwood, 1 
James Hill, 1 

Jacob F. Holt, Pennsylvania, 1 
Benjamin Jordan, 1 

Stephen G. Seavey, 1 

GeorgeP.Whitney,Oxford, 1 
William E. Goodnow, 1 



NAMES OF PATBONS. 



218 



Joseph S. Rouncb, 
Isaac N. Small, 
Eben. Marstoii,TVaterford, 
Bcnj. Marston, '' 
Albion Buck, 
Charles Newhall, 
Ephraim Briggs, 
Jacob Parsons, 
Luther F. Pike, 
Jonathan PotUe, 
Goorgo W. Parsons^ 
William Hall, 2d, 
Solomon Millett, 
Hiram Millett, 
Seba (}ammon, 
Richard Lombard, 
John P. Jordan, 
John Piko, 
William Frost, 
Zachary Carey, 
John Frost, 
Samuel Lord, 
George W; Everett, 
Alpha B. Everett, 
Wilson Hill, 
Osgood Perry, 
Henry Noble, 
William W.D.S.MiUett, 
Jonathan Whitehouse, 
Thomas Hill, 
Benjamin Tucker, jr., 
Alanson B. Watson, 
Nathaniel G. Bacon, 
Charles Jackson, 
Charles L. Francis, 



1 James Smith, 1 

1 Nath. Andreirs, Otisfield, 1 

1 Lewis Crockett, Andover, 1 

1 James N.Hall, 1 

1 Henry R. Webber, Oxford, 1 

1 John Merrill, 1 

1 Dan. Merrill, Methuen, Ms. 1 

1 Samuel W. Saunders, 1 

2 Stephen Merrill, 1 
1 Henry Merrill, 1 
1 John Bancroft, 1 
1 Sumner Frost, 1 
1 Andrew Case, 1 
1 John Co£Sn, 1 
1 Joel Frost, 1 
1 Ebenezer Crowell, 1 
1 William P. French, 1 
1 Elijah FUnt, 1 
1 Amos Upton, 1' 
1 William C. Pierce, 1 
1 Enoch Holt, 1 
1 Jacob Herrick, 1 
1 RoUinTown, 1 
1 Jonathan Swift, 1 
1 John Whitmarsh, 1 
1 Charles Frosty 1 
1 William Frost, 4th, 1 
1 Elijah Jordan, 1 
1 Nathaniel S; Frost, 1 
1 Silas Meriam, 1 
1 Daniel Hobbs^ 1 
1 Bela Noyes, 1 
1 Noah 0. Stevens, 1 
1 David Wilkins, 1 
1 Jacob Tttbbs, 1 



S14 



HAHBS OF PAtROKS. 



William Knight, 
William R. Crockett, 
Katbaa Mone, 
Bphraim S. Crockett, 
Joseph G. Penley, 
Alanaon M. Dunham, 
William P. Richardson, 
Thomas H. Richardson, 
Joseph F. Crockett, 
Bewail J. Crockett, 
Joseph York, 
David M. Brown, 
John Richardson, 
Moses Parsons, 
Hiram Loyejojr, 
Levi Millett, 
Jared M. Bnck^ 
John H. Millett, 
Thomas Briggs, 
Samuel S. Millett, 
Joseph F. Merrill, Oxford, 
Daniel Cummingp, 
Calvin Richardson, 
Benjamin Witt, 
Mrs. Austin Buck, 
Cha's Young, jr. Greenwood, 
Daniel Green, 
Levi Frank, 
James C. Bennett, 
Thomas R. Lovejoy, 
Lemuel Lovejoy, 
John B. Brown, Portland, 
Robert Noyes, 
David S. Andrews, Otisfield, 
Geo. W. Patch, Greenwood, 



S. H. Houghton, Greenwood, 
Eliaa H. Bemis, 
Samuel A.Webb6r,Ozford, 
Ich. B. Yerrill, Greenwood, 
Alexander Crocker, Minot, 
William S. Allen, Oxford, 
William Young, 
William Gallison, Paris, 
William.K Kimball, << 
Joshua B. Crockett, 
Alva B. Davis, 
William W. Hobbs, 
Cornelius W. Hobbs, 
Reuben Favor, Paris, 
John W. Noble, Watcrford, 
Hon. E. Gerry, " 
Benjamin G. Holt, 
Henry H. Hobbs, 
Henry Houghton, 
Dr. J. S. Minett, 
David F. Noyes, 
Bezaleel A. Cushman, 
Rev. H. W. Strong, 
Levi T. Boothby, Paris, 
George J. Ordway, Porthind, 
Thomas J. Cox, Augusta, 
Benjamin Crockett, Oxford, 
Dr. Thos. Roberts, Rumford, 
John Parsons, Paris, 
Ward Noyes, Portland, 
Bowers Barton, Boston, 
Ajalon Godwin, Rumford, 
John Dennett, Paris, 
Wm. H. Sweetser, Boston, 
G. G. Waterhouse, iPorthmd, 



NAMBS OF PATBONS. 



215 



Alva Hobbs, Qreenwood, 
Cha'sH. Crocker, " 
John Noyes, " 

Simon Noble, 
Mrs. Bebekah Ames, 
Asa S. Fool, Portland, 
B. R. Robinson, '' 

Increase Robinson, Skow^^l 
Samuel Cobb, 1 



1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
2 



Sylvanus Cobb, jr., 1 

Fred. Cobom, Greenwood, 1 
Malbory Brown, Waterford, 1 
Daniel Chaplin, '^ 1 
N. Abbott, 2d, Andoyer, Ms. 1 
Thomas Crocker, Faris, 1 
Thomas Ellis, 1 

George W. Millett, 6 

CJiarles F. Farkhurst, 6 



ERRATA. 

• # 

Page 13, bottom lipp, fqt "rataract" read preoipioe. 
" 23, 15th line from bottom, for **MiddeltOD" read Middletoo. 
«« 25,16th " " " " bouhgt " read bonght. 

" 27, 5th line from top, for <<Febrary " read February. 
" 28, 12th " •« " "to far" read too fer. 
" 60, bottom line, for " atereotpyed " read atereotyped. 
" 79, 14th line from top, for "came" read come. 
" 97, 9th " " " " the the " read the. 

" 125, 18th " " " " Greenwood " read Greenwood. 

" 129, bottom line, for " 1741 " read $1741. 

" 146, 2d line from bottom, for " brm " read bam. 

" 158, 2d " " " " conaeqence " read oonaeqaence. 

" 205,7th « " " " J, dyaen- " read 2, dyaen-. 



The printer regreta that theae typographioal errora were not de- 
tected until an hour too late for their correction. They are as 
mortifying to hia eye aa they can be odiooa to that of the reader. 
But, aa the author aaya in hia preface of hia own errora, " instead 
of wondering at a few mistakes, it should be a greater wonder that 
there are not more ; ** for, if the compositor has not had many 
" irons in the fire," he has had perplexities of which readers can 
not know. In the revised and enlarged edition of 1952, the errors, 
doubtless, will he expunged. 



37^ 



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Pieservation photocopying and binding 

by 

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Q 

1996 



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