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Full text of "History of the 11th Indiana battery : connected with an outline history of the army of the Cumberland during the War of the Rebellion, 1861-65"

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ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 




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History of the 11th Indiana 

BATTERY 






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CONNECTED WITH AN OUTLINE HISTORY OF THE 



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DURING THE 



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1861=1865. 



-♦♦♦♦- 



BY JOHN OTTO, 

Late Senior 1st Lieutenant, 11th Indiana Battery, 
AUBURN, IND., 1891. 



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W. D. Page, Printer and Publishes. 

FORT WAYNE, IND. 
1884 



INTRODUCTION. 

— ♦♦♦ — 

'TpHE undersigned having delivered, on the first Reunion of the nth 
Indiana Battery, a sketch of the Batten' and its doings during the 
war of the rebellion, has on a later reunion been made historian of the 
Association, with the charge of preparing a history as full and correct as 
can be made. As the writer has for his guidance only his short diary notes 
and some sketches, and remarks from some old comrades, it must not be 
expected that a history may be prepared from this material which excludes 
criticism, is free from error, and full and correct in every way. The writer 
can only relate such things as came under his immediate observation and 
from his own standpoint. Others may have seen the same occurences 
from their standpoint, producing a different view, and may therefore differ 
from the writer in some of its details, but he will, to the best of his abilitv, 
try to be impartial and true in all the details of the work. The origin of 
any information embodied in this work not originating from himselff will 
be duly credited to the source of information. 

Hoping this work will meet the approval of the comrades of the old 
nth Indiana Battery, is the wish of the 

Writer. 






V 




PART I. 

♦♦♦ 
CHAPTER I. 

URING September, 1861, a number of the 
the most loyal and best citizens of Fort 
Wayne prevailed upon Mr. Arnold Suter- 
meister to enlist and organize a Battery 
of Field Artillery, pledging their moral 
and financial aid. Mr. S. having been 
acquainted with the fact that the writer 
had been in the Prussian artillery ser- 
vice, enlisted his services in the cause, and agreeing, both 
went to work enlisting men for a Battery. But the work was 
a slow one. The country in and around Fort Wayne had 
already contributed a large number of men to the 9th, 12th, 
30th and 44th regiments. There was also a recruiting office 
for the regular service of the United States in the city, and 
others were recruiting for a Cavalry organization. We tried 
hard for a while, but we were convinced that, as it takes 151 
men for a Battery, we must make some other arrangements 
to be successful. So Mr. S, made arrangements with Mr. 
Greene, who enlisted men for the Cavalry service, and the 
two squads were thrown together for the organization of the 
Battery. On the 17th of December, 1861, seventy men were 
taken to Indianapolis for muster, and the Battery organized 
as the nth Indian Battery, and the following officers were 
elected . For Captain, Arnold Sutermeister ; Senior First 
Lieutenant, Henry Tons ; Junior First Lieutenant, Win. 
Greene. The next day, the writer, John Otto, was commis- 
sioned by Governor O.P. Morton, as Senior Second Lieuten- 
ant. The Battery during its stay at Indianapolis was en- 
camped at "Camp Morton," the camp for the Artillery, 
where a number of other Batteries were already organizing. 



History of the 



Lieutenants Tons and Greene were sent back to Fort Wayne 
on recruiting service, to bring the number up to its required 
standard. In the meantime Captain S. drilled the men on 
foot drill, while Lieut. Otto drilled them on the guns. Three 
miles south of camp we had a high wall of earth thrown up 
to stop the balls in practicing target firing. With this and 
drilling, and occasional visits to the city, January, 1862, 
passed. For our dwellings in camp, we had, for the officers,, 
wall tents; and for the men, Sibley tents with a little tin 
stove in the center. It is true, there was a good deal of 
grumbling at first at the accommodations of our quarters; 
but had we known what was in store for us later in the war, 
we would have been perfectly satisfied. At any rate we 
had a dry place to rest our wearied bodies, a bed of straw 
and a blanket for cover; later on, many a time, we had none 
of these even. W T e received a full supply of light bread, 
good meat, and vegetables of every kind; later on we had to- 
do without those luxuries. 



iith Indiana Battery. 



CHAPTER II. 




N FEBRUARY 6th, 1862, we received 
our first order. It was to strike tents 
and proceed to Louisville, Ky., to re- 
ceive our armament. Our camp equip- 
ments were loaded on the trains, which 
we also boarded, and about 8 o'clock 
p. m. found our backs turned to God's 
country and friends; many of us were 
not to see them any more. On the 7th, 
a. m., we arrived at Louisville, and were 
assigned quarters at Camp Gilbert. Here Lieut. H. M. 
Williams, who had been commissioned by Governor Morton 
as Junior Second Lieutenant, joined us with a number of 
recruits. 

At that time a large army, mostly new troops, were sent to 
Louisville, to form, what was known later as the Army of 
the Ohio, or 14th Army Corps. One of the best organizers 
of raw troops, a disciplinarian of the first water — Don Carlos 
Buell— who was a graduate of West Point, and who had been 
in the regular army ever since his school days, was to be the 
commander of this army. He was a soldier out and out r 
and was proud of his calling. With such a leader for drill- 
master, with a clear head for organizing raw troops and a 
stern disciplinarian, it was not to be wondered at that an 
army of raw troops were transformed in so short a time into 
an army that later in the war could cope even with General ^ 
Longstreet's invincible veterans of the rebel army. He took 
particular pains in organizing that vast army that was drawn 
together there into Brigades and Divisions and selected 
commanders for these, who, with but very few exceptions, 
proved to be what was expected of them. 



io History of the 



To fit up such a large army (from 6o,000 to 70,000) and 
organize it, took time and a vast amount of material, so 
that we could not get our armament before the 24th of the 
month. It consisted of four 4^ inch Rodman guns, (solid 
projectile, 36 pounds), battery wagon, forge, fourteen trans- 
portation wagons for ammunition and quartermaster stores, 
about ninety mules, with outfit for the transportation 
wagons, and about sixty horses with outfit for draft as well 
as riding horses. The magnitude of such an outfit will 
readily be understood, as, when on the 28th of that month 
we embarked for Nashville, Tenn., on one of the Ohio river 
steamboats it was crammed full from stern to bow; the 
horses and mules were packed like sardines in a box, and in 
this condition the poor animals had to hold out until the 5th 
of March, in the forenoon, when we disembarked at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 

On March 1st, we passed Evansville, Ind., on the Ohio 
river; on the 3d, at 3 p. m., we left the Ohio river at Smith- 
land and steamed up the Cumberland river. The next day 
we passed Fort Donelson and Clarksville and arrived at 
Nashville at 6 o'clock p. m. on the 4th. As there had been 
a heavy fog during the nights of the 3d and 4th, we had to 
lay by until the next morning, when the rising of the fog 
would permit us to resume our journey. 

As the disembarking was taking place on the 5th, Lieut. 
Otto, with an escort, was ordered to report the Battery to 
General Wood, to whose command the Battery was assign- 
ed, and who was encamped with his command on the 
Charlotte pike, three miles west of Nashville. On the 6th 
the Battery moved from the river to its assigned place. In 
this camp we stayed until all the forces under General Buell 
had arrived and were ready for their forward movement to 
Savannah and Shiloh, as premeditated between General 
Halleck, commander of the forces of the Army of the Mis 
sissippi, with headquarters at St. Louis, and General Buell 
to co-operate with the army of the former, which was en- 
camped then at Pittsburgh Landing, on the Tennessee river. 



PREFACE. 

♦♦♦ 

RECRUITING, ENLISTING, ORGANIZING. 

ATAHE year 1861 was a remarkable one in the history of the United States. 
"■*■ The firing upon Fort Sumter developed two giants who were to battle 
for the coming four year for supremacy; one to sacrifice his life, wealth, 
home and everything upon the altar of a slave empire, and the other to 
resist in breaking to pieces the government inaugurated by our forefathers 
and established by them as a refuge to the persecuted of the old world, and 
in which everyone was alike before the law. Two giants, indeed. The 
forces brought to battle for these two principles were of gigantic numbers - 
millions on each side fought for their principles — and for some time it ap- 
peared as if slavery should predominate, and the Stars and Stripes be 
expelled from a large portion of the country over which it had waved for 
nearly a century. Everywhere in the whole land, north and south, recruit- 
ing offices were opened for the enlistment of soldiers, camps established for 
the muster, for drill and discipline, from which the full organizations were 
sent to the seat of war. In Fort Wayne, Allen County, Indiana, one of 
these camps was established, and there during the summer of 1861, the 
old qth, and 12th, and 30th and 44th Indiana Infantry regiments were 
-organized and sent on to their destinations. 



iith Indiana Battery, ii 

On March 30th, General Wood's Division, to which we 
were assigned, left Nashville as the last column of the Army 
of the Ohio, for Pittsburgh Landing. The first Division 
under General Thomas, the second under General Nelson, 
and the fifth under General Crittenden, had preceded Gen- 
eral Wood's 6th Division. The army, after crossing Duck 
river, at Columbia, Tenn., where it was delayed somewhat 
on account of the rebels having destroyed the bridge across 
the river, moved rapidly forward, General Nelson arriving 
at Savannah, Tenn., on the 5th of April. The same day our 
Division, being the last, arrived at Waynesboro, about 
twenty miles from Savannah. The next morning we started 
very early, and being on the march but a short time, heard 
heavy cannonading in the direction we were marching. It 
was Sunday and a beautiful day ; all along the pike road 
people would come, dressed in Sunday attire, and cheer us 
and the old flag. As soon as the firing in our front began, 
the troops were ordered to double quick; but soon the pike 
road gave out and then our trouble began. The soil in this 
part of the country is of a quicksandy "disposition," and 
before we thought of it, one of our pieces, with horses and 
drivers, were down to their bellies in the mire ; and as bad 
luck never comes singly, it began to rain, which made it 
nearly impossible for us to keep on the move. During the 
night from the 7th to 8th, we "stuck in the mud," and had 
to camp on the road, as each side of the road was swampy, 
we having no place to lie down, the rain continuing all night. 
My diary says: "Never forget the 7th, 8th and 9th of April, 
1862." 

As our Division came to Savannah on the evening of the 
6th, of course we were left behind. On the 8th we managed 
to get out of the holes we got into the night before, and 
marching from 9 a. m. to 4 p. m. we succeeded in making 
three miles. During the night it rained again, and the next 
morning we gathered around fires to dry our wet clothes. 
At 11 a. m. we commenced our march again, and by 7 p. m. 
had again made about three miles. The roads we encoun- 



12 History of the 



tered were just horrible; the men and animals -were nearly 
worn out, and we concluded to hold a day of rest on the 
ioth. Being about out of provisions, we sent out a detail 
of foragers who brought in hams, turkeys, chickens, etc., 
so that in starting out on the nth we felt that we could 
"make it." We left camp at 8 a. m., marched and worked 
all day in the rain till 12 o'clock at night, and did not get 
further from our last camping place than three miles. On 
the 1 2th we made from 9 a. m. till 7 p. m., two miles. As- 
the bad roads had become an established fact, the Captain 
sent an Orderly to headquarters with the notice, that, as it 
would be utterly impossible to "make" Savannah, we would 
aim at a canal boat landing, called Cerro Gordo, and would 
wait there for a boat to be sent us to take us aboard. On 
the 9th we came within one mile of this "landing," but the 
descent to it was so steep that we concluded to await day- 
light for it. The next day we took the prolong ropes, letting 
the guns and wagons down the steep incline to the landing. 
As we were left alone on the 7th, we had not only to con- 
tend with the bad roads, but it was reported that Bush- 
whackers had been noticed in the neighborhood, and so we 
had to look out for them, too. On the marches we sent out 
a picket line ahead, and coming into camp we posted a 
picket guard around it. On the ioth a quartermaster's 
train caught up with us, which had one wagon loaded with 
muskets, of which a number were distributed to our men for 
guard duty. This we continued till the 15th, when in the 
evening a boat arrived, on which we loaded our Battery, 
which we accomplished by midnight. On the morning of 
the 1 6th we arrived at Pittsburgh Landing and commenced 
disembarking. On the 17th we moved to our assigned 
place, near Shiloh meeting house, in camp. 



iith Indiana Batteky 



13 



CHAPTER III 




HOSE that have visited a battle field, 
after a battle, will agree with me, that 
such a place is not a pleasant summer 
resort, and especially as it was in this 
instance, as it had been raining more or 
less ever since the 7th of April. The 
stench arising from the killed and very 
shallow buried men and animals was awful. It seems to me 
that I can smell it yet after a period of thirty years. For a 
time there were burying parties out day and night to put 
the camps and surroundings in a health}- state. After the 
army was reorganized again, ammunition and subsistence 
replenished, it was put in motion again towards Corinth, 
Miss. It was a slow movement, as we had to contend for 
every foot of ground with the rebels. On the 29th of April 
the whole army commenced its forward movement, and on 
the 18th of May we arrived in front of Corinth, a distance 
of fifteen miles in twenty-one days. With the army General 
Halleck had for his disposition he could have annihilated 
the rebel army opposing him in less than a week; but his 
standing order to his Division Commanders from Shiloh to 
Corinth was: "Do not bring on a general engagement." 
From l he 18th to the 30th of May, Corinth was nearly sur- 
rounded by our troops, but no assault was ordered. 
Although there were picket skirmishes every day, and the 
men could hardly be held back, still the order was : "No 
general engagement." On the 30th, early in the morning, 
lots of explosions were heard in the direction of Corinth, 
and the pickets advancing to find out the cause, found the 
town deserted and the rebels on their way to Hollow 
Springs. Of course we took possession of the empty nest 



14 History of the 



and rested on our laurels. Since we came in front of Corinth,, 
we changed camp and positions for our guns several times, 
the purpose of which always has been a mystery to me, for 
in all those changes the distance from the old to the new 
was not more than half a mile; of course it gave the boys 
some needed excercise, In one of the camps which con- 
tained a strip of woods and south of this an open field,, 
the boys had lots of fun. Mule races, foot races, and horse 
shoe pitching, especially the latter, were freely indulged in 
whenever the weather permitted. 

On the first of June, the paymaster made his first advent 
with us and every body felt happy. We had not received a. 
penny from the government since our muster in. Six 
months of pay were due us and were paid us, and it would 
be no use in denying that the boys were glad, for the most 
of them had forgotten what money looked like. The most 
of this money was sent home by the boys by an agent whom 
Governor Morton had sent to the troops of the state and 
promptly delivered to the families of the boys. 

As there was no use for so large an army here and no- 
enemy in front, an order from the War Department was issued 
to the effect that Halleck with his Army of the Mississippi 
would take care of General Beauregard and his rebel army,, 
and General Buell with the Army of the Ohio, move eastward 
toward Chattanooga, Tenn. On the nth of June, we left 
Corinth for Eastport, Tenn., passed Iuka on the 13th and 
arrived at Tuscumbia, Ala., on the 16th. The roads on this 
march were in pretty good condition, so that we had no 
trouble with our heavy guns. At Tuscumbia we were en- 
camped until the 25th, when we took up our line of march 
for Athens, Ala. On the 28th we arrived at Elk river, which 
we had to ford. The river flowed very rapidly, and the 
bridge across it had been destroyed ; in fording, Comrades 
Lomont and Blase took an involuntary bath, but no injury 
was done to the bathers; probably there was need of the batm 

We arrived at Athens on the 29th, and our first camp was 
on the .fair grounds; our second was about a mile or two- 



iith Indiana Battery. 15 

from the city, near a nice grove, with good water, where we 
had an enjoyable time. As we stayed there till the 20th of 
July, we had our gun carriages cleaned and painted again, 
and our harness and other things put in good condition. 
We left Athens on the 21st for Huntsville, Ala., where we 
arrived the next day. Huntsville was a quiet and romantic 
place, surrounded by hills, the soil of a limestone nature 
and splendid water. In the upper town, a large spring of 
ice-cold water emerged from the rocks, driving a mill not 
ten feet from its fountain. Here we camped till the 4th 
of August when we left by railroad for Stevenson, Ala. 
Previous to our departure, one of the mule team drivers 
reconnoitered as to where he could make a satisfactory 
exchange with his mule team. In the night he started out 
and in the early morning, just while loading the animals on 
the train, he appeared with the best mule team I ever saw- 
They were put out of sight in the further end of a box car, 
but when we came to Stevenson, were very nearly suffocated. 
The day was hot and no ventilation in the car, but the tear- 
ing off of the boards and half a dozen pails of cool water 
revived them again ; that driver could not be induced to 
exchange that team for the best team in the army. We 
arrived at Stevenson on the evening of the fourth ; the 
headquarters of General Buell remaining at Huntsville. 
When leaving Corinth, our Battery was attached to General 
McCook's division. 

South of Stevenson, about one mile, an earthwork was 
thrown up — a so-called fort — into which, when it was done, 
our guns were moved. The fort commanded the approaches 
from the Tennessee river south and east ; although numer- 
ous rumors came that the rebels on the south and east side 
of the river would attack us in our position at Stevenson, 
nothing happened, and I don't think a shot ever was fired 
from that tort during the whole war. 

On the 9th of August the writer was ordered to proceed 
to Huntsville, with five men, to receive a number of needed 
horses for the Battery. On the 10th the horses were put on 



16 History of the 



board the cars and shipped to Stevenson, arriving there in 
the evening. On the 12th Headquarters arrived from Hunts- 
ville. One day it was reported at the Provost Marshal's 
office, that at a place about seven miles west of Stevenson, 
suspicious looking men were seen, and it was supposed that 
bushwackers had their assembling place at the house of a 
.man named Farrier. The writer was ordered to proceed to 
said place, with an escort of fifteen men, and arrest the in- 
dividual named. The arrest was promptly made on the 17th 
and the prisoner delivered to the Provost Marshal, at 
Stevenson. I suppose he proved himself innocent as usual. 
These southern conspirators were always innocent. As there 
were some unusual movements going on in our front in the 
rebel army under General Bragg, the troops were ordered 
to be on the alert and to be ready to move at a moment's 
notice. On the 21st we received orders to get ready to 
move. About noon General Buell arrived here and pro- 
ceeded to Battle Creek; during the night he returned, and 
on the 22d left for Nashville, Tenn., on the train. General 
Bragg, of the rebel army in our front, was trying to give 
Buell the slip. He only left a light picket line in our front, 
and with the bulk of his army went on a chase with Buell's 
troops following to take possession of Louisville and capture 
the city and the stores laid up there for our army. Two 
sections of Simonson's 5th Indiana Battery relieved us in 
the fort, and on the 23d we commenced loading our Bat- 
tery on a train. About 6 p. m. we started on the Nashville 
road. The next morning, some four miles from the Cum- 
berland Tunnel, our train was cut in two and two trains 
made out of it. The rise of the road was about 100 feet to 
the mile, so that it was impossible for one engine to pull it. 
About 9 a. m. we moved through the tunnel. The scenery 
on the north side of the tunnel is grand, indeed, to say the 
least. About 10 a. m. we arrived at Dechard, the foot of 
the mountain, where the two sections of the train were re- 
united again. The train rolled on .through Tullahoma and 
other stations on the road, and arrived at Murfreesboro 



iith Indiana Battery. 17 

about 5 p. m. At 7 p. m., having arrived at Nashville, we 
unloaded our train and camped for the night at the depot. 
We lost four horses killed on this run and two so disabled 
that they were worthless for further use. The next day we 
brought our guns upon Capital Hill, where in time a regular 
fortified place was made — our guns commanding the ap- 
proaches of the city by the river and roads, to the east and 
north. The animals and wagons were taken north of the 
Capital in the bottoms, where large stable accommodations 
were to be had. During the night from 25th to 26th, the 
cannoniers slept on the pavements of the Capital, without 
tents or any other shelter, just rolled in their blankets. As 
the nights were getting quite cool already, sleeping in such 
an elevated position, where the wind had free play, we were 
quite stiff the next morning, and it took considerable exer- 
cise to get motion into our limbs again. On looking around 
for better sleeping accommodations the next day, we found 
west of the Capital and close to it, an empty fire engine 
house, of which we took immediate possession ; but this 
proved not much of an improvement, as the windows were 
all broken, the doors removed and the whole affair in a 
rather deplorable condition — but we had a cover over our 
heads at any rate. 

A great excitement prevailed during these days at Nash- 
ville. The troops of General Buell's army were coming in 
on the south and leaving by train and on foot on the east 
side for Louisville, Ky., our troops trying their best to beat 
Bragg's rebel army in the chase for Louisville. The rebels 
were anticipating a great haul at Louisville in the shape of 
clothing, ammunition, provisions, etc., cut off our commu- 
nication and invest Ohio and Indiana. But Buell's army 
arrived at Louisville first and put a stop to the rebel advance. 
As it is not in the province of this work to give a history of 
the Kentucky campaign, as our Battery was left at Nash- 
ville with General Negley's troops, to protect the city, we 
will not follow the fortunes and misfortunes of either army 



18 History of the 



there and confine our narrative to our surroundings at 
Nashville. 

For the protection of Nashville, as it was of the greatest 
importance as a strategic center, Generals Negley and Pal- 
mer's Divisions, with Negley in command, was left. As 
soon as Buell's troops encountered Bragg's rebel troops, we 
found in our front an antagonist also. General Brecken- 
ridge, who had opposed our army from Shiloh to Corinth, 
and then given General Halleck the slip, had left the army 
of the Mississippi with his army and was now co-operating 
with General Bragg for the possession of Louisville and 
Nashville. But General B. had not troops enough to suc- 
cessfully close in upon us; he invested the vicinity of Nash- 
ville to harass our troops in their foraging expeditions and 
probably bye and bye starve us out, as Bragg was between us 
and our supplies. Off and on our pickets and expeditions 
had skirmishes with guerrillas as well as the regular rebel 
troops, one about five miles west of Nashville, on the 26th 
of September; and one on the 6th of October, between the 
escort of a forage train with guerrillas. On the nights of 
October, 6th and 7th, Negley ordered Palmer, with the 
artillery and 400 infantry, and Col. John F. Miller, with 
about 2400 men, to surprise a rebel camp at Lavergne. The 
attempt was successful; after an engagement of half an hour 
the rebels were in full retreat on the road to Murfreesboro, 
with a loss of 80 killed and wounded and 175 prisoners. 
The enemy also lost three pieces of artillery and the regi- 
mental colors of the 32d Alabama, also a number of 
muskets, commissary stores, etc. 

Since we arrived here our time was divided in gun drill, 
guard mount, forage expeditions, etc. Only two events of 
extraordinary occurrence happened. The first was, that 
some of the boys spied the storage of some particularly 
good kinds of liquors in the basement of the Capital; of 
course the boys effected an entrance and regaled themselves. 
On account of this expedition the Sergeant of the Guard 
lost his chevrons, and himself and the guards were put under 



i ith Indiana Battery. 19 

arrest. The second occurrence happened just a little before 
Christmas. A couple of the boys had found out that Gov- 
ernor Johnson had a lot of No. 1 turkey gobblers, and 
thinking a couple of them in their own pots would not be a 
bad Christmas dinner they divided with the Governor. Of 
course an investigation was made, but nothing found — not 
even a feather. I think it was a very bad trick of the boys 
to steal some of the Governor's turkeys; if they had divided 
with the officers, their guilt would not have been so aggra- 
vated. 

During the last part of October and forepart of Novem- 
ber, we were kept at our post a great deal, as General Breck- 
enridge, whose army had been considerably re-enforced, in- 
tended to attack Nashville, knowing that the post was not a 
very strong one. On November 6th a body of 8000 cavalry 
and Infantry under Generals Roger Hanson and Forrest, 
obtained permission from General B. to make the attack. 
Hanson's troops appeared on the Charlotte, Franklin and 
Nolansville pike roads from the south, while Forest with 
1000 cavalry appeared on the Murfreesboro pike at the 
lunatic asylum, six miles from Nashville, at 6 o'clock a. m. 
They drove in our pickets of cavalry and infantry and were 
just ready to make the assault when they received a per- 
emptory order from General B. to return to their camps. 

The first arrival of re-enforcements to Nashville came on 
the 17th of November, and on the 19th General Rosecrans, 
the Commander of the Army of the Ohio, now, by order of 
the War Department, the Army of the Cumberland, who 
had succeeded General Buell, arrived. General Bragg had 
been driven back in Kentucky and was gathering and re- 
organizing his troops at Murfreesboro, Tenn. For the next 
few days the Union troops arrived pretty lively and took up 
their camps around Nashville; the broken communications 
were reopened again, and our "hard times" had an end for 
a while. 

It was generally conceded that the army of the Cumber- 
land would go here into their winterquarters, as General 



2o History of the 



Bragg's army, after being driven out of Kentucky, made pre- 
paration to go into winterquarters at Murfreesboro. 

On November 22d, Lieut. H. M. Williams was detached 
from the Battery to serve as aid de-camp on the Division 
Staff of General Van Cleve. 

Lieut. Green, who, about the middle of May had obtained,, 
because of sickness, a leave of absence, reported to the 
Battery again on the nth of July, but managed in some way 
to leave us again the next day on recruiting service. When 
General Bragg set out for Louisville, all recruiting officers 
and recruits were sent forward from Indiana and Ohio to 
aid in putting a stop to Bragg's intentions. On the 6th of 
December, Lieut. Greene, with some recruits, reported to< 
the Battery again after an absence of seven months. 

As during this whole first campaign we had dragged our 
heavy guns around and fired only two shots out of them,, 
and having now secured for them a lofty position in front 
the Capital, at Nashville, we applied for a lighter Battery, 
and were promised the granting of our request as soon as 
arrangements could be made. 

As we had seen no paymaster since leaving Corinth, and 
being out of change, we felt very happy when, on the 2d of 
December we were paid off for another four months. 



iith Indiana Battery 



21 




PART II. 

♦♦♦ 
CHAPTER IV. 

S we had the promise from headquar- 
ters for a light battery, we procured 
a couple of light guns from the Ord- 
nance Department, on which in the 
meantime we could drill the men in 
the field gun drill. We found two 20 
pound Parrott guns, but without imple- 
ments. These guns we took to Capi- 
tal Hill, and for implements we ran- 
sacked the arsenal but could find nothing. At last we set 
to work to make such implements as we could and which an- 
swered the purpose very well. From now until we received 
our new battery the cannoniers were drilled every day in 
the field gun drill, so that they were quite proficient when 
we received our new battery. General Bragg, believing 
that the army of the Cumberland had gone into winterquar- 
ters around Nashville, had sent his Cavalry, under Generals 
Morgan and Forrest, to break up and destroy our commu- 
nications between Nashville and Louisville. General Rose- 
crans, on finding this out, took advantage of this absence of 
Bragg's Cavalry, and ordered an advance on Bragg's lines 
near Murfreesboro. The advance started on the 26th of 
December, and on the 30th both armies were in line of battle 
.at Stone river. The 31st saw one of the bloodiest fights in 
the annals of the war of the rebellion. On the evening the 
battle was a "drawn one," both sides losing heavily but not 
whipped. On January 1st, 1863, both commanders organ- 
ized and readjusted their lines, and on the 2d the fight com- 
menced again, but was stiJl without result in the evening. 



22 History of the 



On the 3d a final attack was made by the rebels under 
Breckenridge, but his columns were so cut up that they 
gave up the fight and retreated beyond Duck river. The 
union army followed and took possession of Murfreesboro 
and went then and there into winterquarters. During the 
fight on the 31st of December and 1st of January, General 
Wheeler, who was still with Bragg with his cavalry, annoy- 
ed the rear of our troops considerably and appeared very 
near Nashville. At Lavergne they captured an ammunition 
train and the escorting soldiers. 

On January 18th, a fleet of 30 steamboats, escorted by 
two gunboats, arrived at the levee at Nashville, with pro- 
visions for "man and beast," Commissary and Quartermas- 
ter stores and troops; among the latter two Batters, the 20th 
Indiana and the 20th Ohio. As we had been kept very 
short on rations since our arrival here, every heart was 
gladdened by the arrival. On the 28th another fleet arrived 
with twenty-three steamboats and five gunboats. February 
7th a fleet arrived with forty-two transports. 

February 14th we received an order for our new battery 
and to turn over our old battery to Co. E., Ohio Artillery. 
We were to receive from the 20th Indiana their battery and 
outfit, which consisted of four 12 pound Napolean guns and 
two 3 inch Rodman guns (rifled,) with caissons, battery 
wagon and forge. On the 15th we turned over to the Quar- 
termaster Department, ten mule teams and wagons. 

On the 21st of February we started for the front. 
As it had rained a great deal and the roads being cut up 
terribly, we had quite a time on our march. On No. 4 cais- 
son the tongue or pole, and the stock of the forge broke, 
and we had to leave these with the battery wagon on the 
road till the artificers could repair them. As it had rained 
all day again we were as wet as rats when we arrived at 
Lavergue at 4 p. m. The next morning we sent three dou- 
ble teams back after the caisson, battery wagon, forge and 
ambulance, the latter having also been left. They arrived 
about noon. To-day, being Washington's Birthday, a salute 



iith Indiana Battery. 23 

of thirty-four guns were fired from the fort at Lavergne. 
On the 23d we proceeded to Murfreesboro, where we arriv- 
ed at 2 p. m. 

Col. Barnett, who was Chief of Artillery of the Division 
to which we were assigned, received us there and took us to 
our camp, about two miles south of Murfreesboro. 

The Division to which we were assigned was the nth 
Division of the Army of the Cumberland, of the right 
wing, 20th Army Corps, Major General A. McD. McCook 
commanding. The Division was in command of Brigadier 
General R. H. Sheridan, which consisted of the following 
Brigades : 

35th Brigade, Co!. Laipold commanding: 44th Ills., 73d 
Ills., 2d Missouri, 15th Mo. Artillery, 2d Ills. Battery, 
(Houghtlings. ) 

36th Brigade, Col. Moore commanding: 85th Ills., 86th 
Ills., 125th Ills., 52d Ohio. Artillery, 1st Mo. Battery, "a," 
(Hiscocks.) 

37th Brigade, Gen. Lytle, commanding: 36th Ills., 88th 
111., 21st Mich., 24th Wis. Artillery, nth Ind. Battery, 
(Sutermeister. ) 

For some days we followed the regular routine of camp 
life — policing camp, guard duty, gun drill, mounted drill, 
and picket duty. Whenever our brigade went on picket, 
one section of our battery (two guns) accompanied it. 



24 



History of the 



CHAPTER V. 




ARCH 4th, General Gilbert, at Franklin, 
ordered Col. Coburn, with detachments of 
)Jt Infantry, Cavalry and Artillery, near 3000 
strong, with a wagon train of 100 wagons 
for foraging, at the same time to recon- 
noitre the enemy's front towards Colum- 
bia, Tenn. Coburn's command was to 
meet some twelve miles south of Franklin 
a force moving from Murfreesboro toward Columbia; these 
commands were to co-operate and determine the position 
of the enemy. Unknown to Gilbert, VanDorn on assuming 
command at Columbia, in February, determined to establish 
outposts and picket lines within sight of Franklin and 
Triune, and to move his headquarters north of Duck river, 
to Springhill. Coburn's Cavalry struck the enemy only 
three miles from town, in line of battle. After a sharp 
conflict the enemy retreated to Springhill. Coburn notified 
Gilbert of the large force in front, but Gilbert ordered him 
to advance. Van Dorn had 10,000 men. In the fight that 
ensued Coburn was surrounded and captured. His loss was 
40 killed, 150 wounded and 2,200 prisoners. The regiment 
in charge of the train with artillery and cavalry moved off 
rapidly to Franklin. To get even with the enemy a move 
on a larger scale was immediately made, Sheridan's and 
Johnson's Divisions of McCook's Corps participating. On 
the 4th, at 1:30 o'clock a. m., we were ordered to move at 
5:00 a. m., but it was 8:00 a. m. before the column was in 
motion. About five miles from Murfreesbore the whole of 
Sheridan's Division came together; Johnson's Division was 
also on the move. A large forage train accompanied the 
expedition. We marched till after 8:00 o'clock p. in., and 
stopped for the night without unhitching. My rest that 



iith Indiana Battery. 25 

night was upon a big stone. Lieutenant Tons, with his sec- 
tion, was out on picket. The next morning we resumed our 
march, and about 8:00 a. m. entered Eaglesville, a little vil- 
lage, where our cavalry the afternoon before had struck a 
rebel camp and captured tents, provisions, wagons and 
about 150 prisoners. We marched on in the direction of 
Franklin, and between 9:00 a. m. and 4:00 p. m. heard heavy- 
cannonading in that direction. Here we tarried at a cross- 
roads to find out the cause and probable result of the firing. 
Lieutenant Greene's (2d ) section was sent out on picket 
with the infantry. Reveille was sounded the next morning 
at 3:00 o'clock as we expected the rebels to attack us. At 
7:00 a. m. we took up our march on the Nashville pike up 
to within five miles of the Nolensville Pike. Here we went 
into camp. The writer, with his section, (3d) was put out 
on picket. The foragers brought in lots of four legged 
rebels and forage. On the 7th the Second Brigade, with 
one section of artillery, went back in the direction of 
Eaglesville to reconnoitre, but by noon they returned again; 
immediately after we resumed our march in the direction of 
Nashville, passed Triune, where we found General Thomas' 
Division stationed. At Triune we left the pike and took 
the direction to Franklin; we marched about four miles in 
this direction and then encamped. An awful thunder- 
shower came up that night and the gun tarpaulins which we 
had appropriated for shelter were blown away, and we got 
a thorough soaking. On the 8th we resumed our march, 
and by 2:00 p. m. went into camp near Franklin. On the 
9th we crossed the river on pontoons into Franklin. There 
we stayed until 2:00 p. m., when we resumed the march on 
the Columbia Pike and encamped for the night this side of 
Springhill. It rained very hard over night again till the 
next morning at 9:00 a. m. At 10:00 we moved forward 
again through Springhill, to within four or five miles of 
Columbia, where the rebels had fortified themselves in a 
strong position. A little artillery skirmish took place here 
on the afternoon of the 10th, also on the forenoon of the 



26 History of the 



nth, but about 2:00 p. m. the rebels left their position and 
retreated across Duck river. On the 12th we took up our 
march back again and went into camp for the night north of 
Franklin. The next day found us on the march to Mur- 
freesboro a^ain. The first six miles the road was verv bad, 
after that we had pike; at noon we held a short rest and 
encamped about one and a half miles west of Triune. The 
14th we marched to Eaglesville and from there to our old. 
camp at Murfreesboro, where we arrived about 6:00 p. m. 



tith Indiana Battery. 



2 7 r 



CHAPTER VI. 




"OR the next few days we dried everything 
and cleaned up the accumulations of the 
late expedition, and on the 1 8th we moved 
our camp from near Shelbyville pike to 
near Salem pike (Camp Schafer). On the 
same day we were paid off again, by Pay- 
master Major Henry, for another four 
months. 

On the 20th we had "review" before General Sheridan ; 
on the 2 1st we were chased out of our nests early in the 
morning; there was picket-firing in our front. We got the 
battery ready to move. A section of Houghtling's Second 
Illinois Battery was ordered out and exchanged several 
rounds with Van Dorn's Cavalry, which had attacked our 
pickets. In the afternoon the whole Division, except those 
on picket, had review before General Sheridan. To-day, 
Thomas Devlin, who was our second Bugler, died in the 
hospital. On the next day we brought the corpse from the 
hospital into camp, and on the 24th buried him near the 
camp in a suitable place with military honors. On the 23d 
we passed in review before General Rosecrans to his entire 
satisfaction. On the 25th Lieutenant Tons resigned his 
commission, which was accepted for the good of the service. 
As there were now only two Section Commanders left, and 
one section mostly always on picket, double duty devolved 
upon the one left in camp. On the 27th Lieutenant Tons 
left for home. Lieutenant Greene reported sick which left 
only the writer for duty in the battery. During the whole 
time of our stay in this camp, picket or other duty not pre- 
venting it, we had to keep our men and horses in good 
shape, drill twice a day, in the forenoon foot drill and in the. 



.28 History of the 



afternoon mounted drill, so that there was not much time 
for idleness. On April 3d the three Batteries of the Divi- 
sion had inspection before Colonel Barnett, Chief of 
Artillery of the Division. On the 7th we were paid off again 
to the 1st of March. 

In the night of the 9th, 1:00 a. m., we received orders to 
be ready to move at 5:30 a. m., scouts brought in news of a 
rebel movement. Orders were countermanded in the morn- 
ing. Cannonading was heard off our right. On the 10th 
the writer, with the third section, went on picket. In the 
night from the nth to the 12th of April, a shot was fired 
on the picket line and the picket camp became immediately 
alarmed; the darkness was so dense that it took up • quite a 
while to hitch up our horses (the horses were always har- 
nessed at night at picket). Not hearing a report from the 
picket line, the Colonel commanding the brigade sent out 
for information. It appeared that a guard saw something 
move in his front, and after ordering it to "halt," which 
command was not heeded, he fired. The next morning, on 
investigation, a dead mule was found in front of the picket 
firing. Captain S. visited us in the picket camp and inspect- 
ed the horses. The battery had received a number of new 
horses, and the poorest of the old ones were exchanged for 
new ones. In the evening our new horses came and we sent 
back the condemned ones. 

On the 13th we tried our new applications on mounted 
drill and found them all O. K. On the 15th, at 3:00 p. m., 
we were relieved from picket duty and arrived at our camp 
at 5:00 p. m. On the 17th Sergeant McKinley was sent on 
recruiting service to Fort Wayne. On the 23d Captain S. ? 
with first and second sections, went on extra picket guard 
and returned again on the 24th. On the 25th we received 
those much abused "dog or pup" tents, as the boys called 
them. On the 30th we had mounted inspection again. 
From the 5th to the 10th of May the writer was with the 
third section on picket guard again. On the 10th we were 
relieved at 9:00 a. m., and proceeded to camp. This day. 



iith Indiana Battery 29 



Sunday, we had the first religious services in the brigade; 
they were held in the camp of the 24th Wisconsin. 

The 2 1 st we received orders to pack all surplus clothing 
of the men in boxes and send them to Nashville for storage. 
In the evening- we were ordered to hold ourselves in readi- 
ness to move. The writer was ordered to take the surplus 
clothing to Nashville. On the 25th, Mr. C. L. Vallanding- 
ham, the great apostle of peace and rebel sympathiser, went 
through here on the way to Dixie. Lieutenant Greene 
resigned his commission on the 27th, which was accepted 
on the 29th; he found the field service too much for him. 
The writer, with first section and 1st brigade, went on out- 
post picket. The 3d of June brought us an order to prepare 
seven days rations and pack them in knapsacks and haver- 
sacks. On the 4th the rebels attacked our outposts; they 
had two cannons with them, out of which they fired a few 
shots but did no harm. We soon had them on the retreat 
again. It seemed as if they had attacked our whole line ; 
there was firing at our left ( Shelby ville pike) and our right 
(Triune). In the afternoon our outpost brigade took a bet- 
ter position a little to the rear. In the afternoon Captain 
S. came to the outpost with the other two sections, also the 
second brigade with Hiscock's Missouri Baltery. On the 
5th, in the morning, the Division formed in line pf battle, 
but no attack was made by the rebels. On the 8th the 
second brigade relieved us and we returned to camp. On 
the 10th we had brigade drill. On the 20th, first Ser- 
geant Scott, with the second section, went on outpost 
picket. The 23d we received orders to move on the 
24th, in the morning at 5:00 o'clock, with twelve days 
rations on hand. The 25th of June we left camp at 7:00 a. 
m., and as usual on such occasions it commenced to rain, 
and kept it up the whole day. At about 1 1 :oo a. m. we had 
a little skirmish with the rebels. At noon we met General 
Granger's corps. About 3:00 p. m. we took the road to 
Liberty Gap. The rain kept up the whole night and in con- 
sequence the road was very bad. On the 26th we resumed 



3° 



History of the 



our march and came to within four miles of Manchester 
pike; there were terrible thundershowers during the whole 
day. Johnson's Division took Liberty Gap yesterday. By 
10:00 a. m. we marched through the Gap and took the road 
from Manchester pike to Wartrace; had skirmishes with the 
rebels occasionally and came to within six miles of Man- 
chester. Our troops captured Shelbyville yesterday. 

To facilitate a better understanding of these movements, 
I will here reproduce the order given to Major General 
McCook from General Rosecrans as to his part in the move- 
ment : 

"Major General McCook's Corps to advance on the Shel- 
byville road, turn to the left, move two Divisions by Millers- 
burg, and advancing on the Wartrace road sieze and hold 
Liberty Gap. The third Division to advance on Foster- 
ville and cover the crossing of General Granger's command 
from the Middleton road, and then move by Christiania to 
join the rest of the corps." 

As will be seen by this, the latter part of this order was 
the route laid out for the third Division, General Sheridan's 
command, of which we were a part. The crossing of Gen- 
eral Granger's Corps with our Division took place on the 
24th; after this we took the road to Liberty Gap, and in the 
evening encamped within a mile from Christiania; on the 
27th we arrived at the Manchester pike. By 10:00 a. m. we 
marched through the Gap and then took the road to War- 
trace. Then we marched to within four miles of Wartrace 
and took the road to Manchester, and arrived in the eve- 
ning within six miles of this town. On the 28th we marched 
to within one mile of Manchester and stayed thereuntil 
the 30th. On this day, as the rebels had left the town the 
night before, we followed them and came within six miles 
of Tullahoma. During this whole march it rained con- 
stantly, and of course, the road was not in the least dusty. 

General Bragg's position around Tullahoma was a natur- 
ally strong one. His line extended from Horse Mountain 
on the east to Duck river on the west. To strengthen the 



iith Indiana Battery. 31 



naturally strong position, a line of earthworks had been 
thrown up during the last three months which were covered 
by a line of abattis ; but all of this was work done for 
naught. After the union troops arrived before Tullahoma, 
where General Bragg had his headquarters, they commenced 
to feel for the rebel army. Finding the works very strong, 
General Rosecrans determined to break the line of rail- 
roads in the rear of Bragg' s army. General Wilder, with 
his brigade of mounted Infantry started on the 28th, by 
way of Hillsboro, to burn Elk river bridge and destroy the 
railroad between Dechard and Cowan station. General John 
Beatly, with his brigade, was sent on a similar errand and 
both commands succeeded in accomplishing what they were 
expected to do. On July 1st, General Thomas was informed 
by a citizen, that the rebels were evacuating Tullahoma and 
pursuit was made at once. 

Our Division started on the 2d of July, at 4:00 a. m., and 
arriving at Rock Creek ford, found Elk river so swollen 
with the heavy rains of last week, as to be barely fordable. 
A rope was stretched from shore to shore for the infantry to 
hold on to in crossing, and by evening the command was in 
camp on the south side. Davis' Division had also crossed. 
On the morning of the 3d we resumed the chase and had 
several skirmishes with the rebel rearguard. About 8:00 a. 
m. we came through Winchester and there captured a party 
of rebels who were in hiding in one of the houses; also 
captured a rebel flag. We pursued the rebels to Cowan 
Station, at the foot of the Cumberland mountains, where 
we went into camp. On the 4th our battery fired a salute 
of thirty-four guns amid a heavy shower. 



32 



History of the 



CHAPTER VII. 




ENERAL ROSECRANS expected Bragg 
to give battle at Tullahoma; to leave his 
strong entrenchments without some resist- 
ence must have had another cause. That 
a battle must be fought was evident, and 
of course, the further the base of Rose- 
crans the better was the chance for 
Bragg. On the /th we received official 
notice of the capture of Vicksburg; also 
of the defeat of Lee's army at Gettysburg. These two 
victories with our little victory, so far, had a great bearing 
with us in the second part of our Chicamauga campaign. 

As related in the last chapter, we arrived at Cowan station 
on the 3d, in the evening. To follow Bragg immediately 
was out of the question, as our base of supplies was too far 
off. The railroad and destroyed bridges had to be rebuilt, 
a new base established and a supply of ammunition and 
provisions laid in. In the meantime we sent out forage 
teams to gather what could be had; clean up guns and wash 
and oil harness, and get the horses in good trim again. As 
our stay here would probably be of a week's duration, the 
men were ordered to build booths for themselves and sheds 
for the horses, for the sun was very hot. On the 18th the 
construction train arrived. On the evening of the 25th 
order was received by the different battery commanders of 
the Division, for each to send one section, (two guns) under 
protection of an infantry force across the mountain, Col- 
onel Larabee of one of the Illinois regiments in command, 
The writer, with the 3d section of the nth Indiana Battery 
from 3a Brigade was sent. On the 26th, at t;:oo a. m., our 
section was ready to move ; after 6 o'clock one section of 



iith Indiana Battery. 33 



Hiscock's Battery arrived and eventually the infantry, and 
we began our march across the mountain. The road was 
very bad; in places very muddy; in others very stong and 
broken. Lieutenant Shuler's section of Hiscock's Battery 
got "stuck in the mud" a number of times, which caused 
quite a delay in our march. By 10:00 a. m. we arrived at 
Tantalon station, on the summit of the mountain where we 
rested our horses for a short time, and then commenced our 
descent of the mountain, which was accomplished without 
accident. We arrived at Anderson station, on the Nash- 
ville and Chattanooga railroad after 6:00 p. m. We selected 
a place for our station near the road and near the residence 
of a Mr. Tanner, who tried all his persuavive powers on 
Col. Larabee to move further on to a high knoll, one mile 
south; but the place we pickec 7 out was good enough for us 
and we stayed where we were, under protest of course. On 
the 27th, Lieutenant Shuler, with his section and one regi- 
ment of Infantry, marched to Stevenson, Ala. As it had 
been the custom, so we practiced here loo and sent out a 
team to forage. It brought back oats and potatoes, but 
only a small quantity, as the rebels had left but very little 
behind them. On the 30th the rest of our battery went 
through here, enroute for Stevenson, with some Infantry 
and wagons. 

August 1st, General Thomas and Sheridan came through 
here with their staffs and headquarter trains. On the 3d, 
Lieutenant Williams, with horses for the Battery, also pass- 
ed through here. In the afternoon we were paid off again 
by Major Henry for four months. 

On the 6th, the posts stationed at Tantalon and Anderson 
getting relieved, struck out the next morning for their 
respective commands at Stevenson; we arrived at our bat- 
tery camp at 1 :00. On the 8th, the 24th Wisconsin and 21st 
Michigan, with our Battery, started for Bridgeport, Ala. 
Our Battery took position as follows: 

First section at the right and second section at the left of 
the railroad bridge, over the Tennessee river; the third sec 



34 History of the 



tion some distance to the right of the first section. The 
river here forms an island, the main stream flowing between 
Bridgeport and the island, the smaller arm on the e^st of 
the island. On this island the rebel pickets were stationed 
yet; over the smaller arm also a railroad bridge crossed, 
behind which the rebels had a blockhouse for their guards. 
On the 1 2th, the writer and Lieutenant Williams, the latter 
having been relieved from duty as A. D. C, with General 
Van Cleve, rode over to Stevenson to be mustered out as 
second Lieutenant and mustered in as first. This duty per- 
formed they came back to Bridgeport in the evening again 
feeling a mile bigger over their advance. On the 13th, first 
Sergeant Scott and Quartermaster Sergeant Ehlers went 
through the performance of being installed as second 
Lieutenants. In the night of the 14th the rebel pickets 
left the island and set the bridge on fire which connected 
the island with the main land on the east. The first section 
gave them a few farewells in the shape of shells. From 
the 16th to the 20th several flags of truce came in from the 
rebels in front, the import of which, of course, was none of 
our business. 



iith Indiana Battery. 



35 



CHAPTER VIII. 




HATTANOOGA being the objective 
point of our campaign as the cen- 
ter of future operations and the 
gateway of the south, two plans 
only were admissible to bring it into 
our possession. The first, over a 
rough mountainous country, where it 
would be almost impossible to trans- 
port by wagons enough to maintain 
the army, and then probably by a 
long seige and great loss of life gain 
possession. This route lay through Sequatchee valley and 
over Walling's ridge, to the north of Chattanooga. The 
second plan was to cross the Tennessee river at various 
points and move to the south and threaten the communica- 
tion lines of Bragg. The second was the most hazardious 
one, but in case of success the shortest for the accomplish- 
ment of the object. Rosecrans decided in favor of the 
second. On the 29th of August the engineer corps arrived 
here to superintend the construction of the pontoon bridges, 
and Gen'l Sheridan was nearly the whole day consulting 
with them. Up to the 31st, forty-one pontoons had arrived 
•at Bridgeport. Where the crossing was to be made the 
river was very shallow over half the width, and over that 
part a bridge was constructed out of trestles connected with 
planks, and for the balance the pontoon bridge was used. 
On the 2d of September, at noon, the bridge was done and 
our Division crossed at I o'clock p. m. A pontoon bridge 
also was laid over the small arm of the river and our( Ly tie's) 
brigade was the first over. Our route took us through "Hog 
Jaw" valley, across Racoon mountain to Trenton, and on 



7. 









li 



36 History of the 



the 4th, in the afternoon, we encamped one mile from it in 
the fairgrounds. On the 6th we ascended Lookout Moun- 
tain. We kept on this mountain, crossing from one 
spur to another, until the nth when we descended into 
Alpine valley. This mountain march cost us several good 
horses; the heat and dust was, to say the least, terrible, and 
water very scarce, To mislead Bragg as to our movement 
south, Rosecrans ordered General Crittenden to move 
through Sequatchee valley, appear at the north of Chatta- 
nooga, and threaten the town. As this kept Braggs atten- 
tion for a while, there was hardly any resistence offered by 
the rebels at any ot the crossings of the river. But as 
Bragg found out the real intention of Rosecrans, to save 
his line of communication, he left Chattanooga and opposed 
the movements in his rear. General Negley was at that 
time in Steven's Gap with his division, and had it not been 
for the tardiness of some of Bragg's corps and division 
commanders in executing the orders given by Bragg, Gen- 
eral Negley's troops would have received the best whipping 
they ever got. But Negley got out of the way and took 
"feeling" with General Baird, who was at Dug Gap. This 
on the gth of September. On the same day a mounted in- 
fantry regiment, which had been sent on Lookout Moun- 
tain to observe what was going on in the rebel camp, saw 
the rebels evacuating Chattanooga. This regiment, 92d 111. 
Inf., entered the town as the rear guard of the rebels left it. 
On the 10th General Bragg's army was located at Lafayette, 
Ga. 

As soon as Chattanooga was evacuated by the enemy and 
taken possession of by our troops, the army was ordered to 
concentrate on to Crittenden's corps, who at this time had 
taken possession of Rossville, Dalton, and the roads around 
Lookout point. On the 13th our corps left Alpine valley 
and remounted the mountains, again on the 14th, and travel- 
ing on and taking different directions, descended the moun- 
tain on the 17th, in the evening, at Steven's Gap, into 
McCorning's Cove. Here during the night, being in the 



tith Indiana Battery. 37 



vicinity of the enemy, we formed a line of battle. The de- 
scent from the mountain at Steven's Gap was very steep 
and we had to keep on the lockchains on the carriages and 
wagons, and at one point in the road we had to let them 
down by the prolong ropes. 

At 5 o'clock in the morning, on the 18th, we continued our 
line of march about three or four miles and then "formed 
line of battle." In the evening at 8 o'clock we continued 
our march and marched ail night until 3 o'clock in the 
morning on the 19th. About 9 a. m. we resumed our march, 
heavy cannonading going on in our front all the time. At 
3 p. m. we were ordered to "double quick" to near Crawfish 
Springs, the infantry receiving ammunition as they went, and 
in a few minutes they were, with a hurrah, in action. We 
took several positions with our Battery, but came not in 
conflict with the rebels. The ground here was very un- 
favorable for artillery, only here and there a small open 
space where we could plant our guns, but had no view in 
front. As night came on we took position at Lee & Gor- 
don's mills, awaiting what was to come on the morrow. 



38 



History of the 



CHAPTER IX. 




HE battle of Chicamauga was one of the 
fiercest contested battles in the army of 
Cumbertand. Even the southern "brave" 
there, had to admit against their former 
boasting, that "a Yankee could fight as 
well as a Southerner." Had not General 
Longstreet, on the 19th, arrived with his 
20,000 veterans, reinforcing Bragg, his 
army would have been in a bad "fix" fight- 
ing the army of the Cumberland. If on 
the 19th, Bragg had been better informed of ihe positions 
of our isolated corps and divisions, and his division com- 
manders had been more energetic and not so lax in obeying 
his orders, he could have done great harm to our army, 
divided as it were, but since it was consolidated again, 
even with Longstreet's reinforcements, their success was 
doubtful. 

On the 20th, in the morning, our division left Lee & Gor- 
don's mill and took up their position in line of battle at 
Widow Glenn's house, where Rosecrans had his headquarters. 
In front of our position was a cleared field, east of that 
woods. Had we been allowed to keep this position, when 
Longstreet attacked, it would have proven a sorry attack for 
him. On the morning of the 20th a heavy fog prevailed so 
that we could not see twenty paces ahead. About 8 a. m. 
the firing commenced at our extreme left, at General 
Thomas' corps, and successively came down the line. On 
the left of our division was General Wood's division, and 
just at the crisis, his division, by some blunder of somebody 
was ordered away and the gap left open. Longstreet 
coming to attack Wood's division, found the "gap," and to 



iith Indiana Batteky 



39 



prevent him breaking our army in two, our division was 
thrown against him. In the excitement of this move, Long- 
street having about three times our number, our division 
was overrun and badly cut up. The ground being unfavor- 
able for the manouvring of the artillery, our battery got 
divided and each section commander selected a position for 
his own section and began operations. The writer with the 
first section started into the first open field, unlimbered and 
began throwing shells at the enemy; but as our troops soon 
got between us and the enemy we had to cease firing. Here 
James E. Webster, No. 2 of No. I gun, was killed instantly 
by a minnie ball, shot through the heart. The second sec- 
tion got in such a position that it could not do much execu- 
tion, and therefore had but comparatively light losses. Cor- 
poral Chas. Dudley, severely wounded, fell into the rebel 
hands and died in prison ; A. J. Cothrill slightly wounded. 
The third section, commanded by Lieutenant Williams, got 
into a regular "hornet's nest" and sustained the greatest 
losses. 

The following is a sketch of this section during the fight 
from the pen of Lieutenant Williams : 

Remarks of Henry M. Williams, First Lieutenant, Commanding 
TJiird Section Rodman guns : 

Comrades : — To the faithful and interesting history of the 
Batter\% by Lieutenant Otto, I am requested to add some- 
thing especially covering the part taken by the third section, 
under my command, at the battle of Chicamauga, on the 
memorable 20th of September, 1893. 

As an introduction, I can not do better than to read to vou 
the remarks of the famous General Longstreet, one of the 
ablest of all of the rebel Generals, ( probabiy second only 
to General Lee,) in a recent interview on the subject of the 
battle of Chicamauga. General Longstreet's troops, fresh 
from Virginia, were posted directly opposite our corps on 
the morning of the 20th. We also were under able Gen- 
erals, General Phil. Sheridan commanding our division and 



/ 






40 History of the 



General Lytle, of Cincinnati, our brigade. It was probably 
owing to the death of General Lytle that our guns were 
lost, as in the confusion following his death, the order for 
retreat was not given us at all. The sudden departure of 
our infantry support, first on the left and then on the right, 
being our first intimation that our position could not be 
held. This was a fatal omission for us as the enemy were 
by that time close upon us, not 200 feet distant, and it was 
then to late, with no cover from the infantry against so 
heavy a fire to limber up and save the guns. 

General Longstreet on Chicamauga: "I moved my troops 
into position for the assault with great care. I massed five 
brigades in column by brigades, at half distance, and sent 
them forward under Hood. In other words, Hood had my 
whole force, with the exception of Buckner's reserves, 
against the federal position. I felt great interest in our 
winning the battle of Chicamauga. I had promised Gen- 
eral Lee that I would do my share toward gaining a victory 
here, and I never remember to have taken greater chances 
in a battle than in directing this charge against Rosecrans. 
He and I had graduated in the same class at Westf?oint, and 
were friends in our boyhood and early army life. He was a 
good soldier and a -good man. I have read in his report, as 
well as in the stories of this battle, that have been written 
from time to time, that my success in breaking his lines and 
driving McCook and Crittenden from the field, is attributed 
to Wood's action in withdrawing his two brigades from the 
federal line about the time I started forward to the assault. 
The success of my attack on Rosecrans did not, by any 
means, depend upon Wood's mistake. The number of our 
men and the peculiar formation of the force T sent against 
the federal line in this battle could, and would have carried 
any position, except a strongly fortified one. The action of 
his subordinates and the movement of Wood in and out of 
the line may have made the victory easier; but Rosecrans' 
line could never have withstood the force of the assault I 
sent against it that day, no matter how well his plans had 



iith Indiana Battery 41 

been observed or his orders obeyed. No line of battle out- 
side of fortifications ever yet successfully resisted the 
charge of troops in such numbers and formation. Our as- 
saulting column was five brigades deep, each within easy 
supporting distance. Hood led them with great spirit and 
gallantry. If one brigade faltered another was there to 
take its place. I have been a soldier all my life; served in 
the Mexican war as well as the late war, and I never yet saw 
a body of soldiers not protected by fortifications, that could 
stand the onset of troops in formation such as Hood led 
against Rosecrans' lines that September Sunday." 

General Longstreet also honored himself in thus paying 
noble tribute to the worth of his gallant opponent, Rose- 
crans. 

From the "History of the Army of the Cumberland, by 
General Henry M. Cist, I quote as follows : "Just at this 
time the order of battle on the enemy's line had reached 
Longstreet's command, who using this gap (vacated by 
Wood), ordered his troops, formed in heavy columns, to ad- 
vance. Into this gap poured Steward's, Hood's, Kershaw's, 
Johnson's and Hindman's divisions, dashing impetiously 
forward, with Preston's division as support. On finding the 
rebel troops pressing through the space vacated by Wood, 
McCook ordered Lytle and Walworth to change front and 
return to assist in repelling the enemy. The tide of battle 
then struck Lytle and Walworth, who contended nobly 
against the overpowering enemy on their immediate front. 
The rebel troops swarming in turned the left of these 
brigades, and they were compelled to withdraw to escape 
being surrounded. At this point the gallant Lytle was kill- 
ed. Here our army lost several thousand prisoners, forty 
guns and a number of wagon trains." 

It was into this gap that the nth Indiana Battery was 
ordered in the greatest haste with Lytle's brigade, to at- 
tempt to stay the furious onslaught of the enemy. The 
third section of the battery advanced into the woods with 
the infantry, and here our active work began. The enemy 



42 History of the 



being at very short range, the gunners were ordered to use 
only cannister, and after the exhaustion of the cannister 
shells were used, although the distance was too short to do 
good execution. But all was going well and we were con- 
gratulating ourselves upon the effective work, which was 
being accomplished, when suddenly and to our great amaze- 
ment, the infantry to the left of us retired (we know now 
that they were ordered to retreat, but did not know it then) 
and the enemv not having far to come, were soon taking 
the places of our infantry, almost touching elbows, so to 
say. Lieutenant Williams quickly dismounted from his 
horse, turned one gun upon them, and as the result of a 
few entiling shots, we had the pleasure to see the enemy re- 
treating even more quickly than they had advanced. Ex- 
pecting now our own infantry to resume their former posi- 
tion, the gun was turned back to the front, when to our 
further surprise, our infantry on the right was seen to be 
in full retreat. It was now evident that the movement was 
general and we also must retire, without an order if not 
with one if we would save our guns. The result proved that 
it was now to late for this; the enemy being close upon us 
and with no infantry as support against a galling fire, rapid- 
ly cutting down men and horses, the guns were lost. After 
giving the command to retreat and whilst remounting his 
horse, Lieutenant Williams was shot through the right 
wrist. Corporal May walking by his side, kindly offered to 
apply a bandage to check the flow of blood; but while pre- 
paring to undertake his good Samaritan work, he was mor- 
tally wounded. Through the loss of blood I lost my horse, 
which Corporal Vordermark in the kindnessof his heart 
attempted to capture for me, but was himself captured by 
the rebels and spent a year in Libby prison in consequence; 
a very expensive horse hunting experience. A year in 
prison for a moment of kindness, is hard work, it must be 
admitted, but comrades will risk it for each other, say what 
we may. It shall be my constant charge in the future in 
civil life, to watch Jno. Vordermark when he rides on horse- 



iith Indiana Battery. 43 



back, and if he faints and falls off from loss of blood, or 
from too much blood, as is more likely, if I can't catch the 
horse, I shall at least catch John and assure him there is no 
enemy around — no Libby prison near. 

How I got off that battlefield I can't tell will have to 
refer you to Edward Shell. Shell is responsible for getting 
me off with his own horse (Shell was our Blacksmith) not 
with the one Vordermark didn't catch. 

The loss in the third section was very heavy, about 60 per 
cent, in killed, wounded and prisoners— one of the exam- 
ples of the extra heavy losses which helped to make the 
average loss of the entire army at Chicamauga about 30 per 
cent. — a large average. 

Thus it was that forty guns were captured (thirty-eight 
besides our own two beloved Rodmans) on this eventful 
day, by the interpid and dashing Longstreet. Such is fate. 
And yet we cannot but regret that in our case a better fate 
had not prevented some one from blundering, and that we 
might have been informed of the order of retreat at least 
as early as the infantry, although even earlier is the well 
defined rule in caring for the artillery. How many lives 
were uselessly sacrificed by only the grosser blunders of the 
late war, it is impossible to estimate. But comrades, 
though our right wing of the army of the Cumberland was 
driven back — routed we may say — by Longstreet's impetious 
onslaught, ls)t yet, the battle of Chicamauga was not a de- 
feat in its results. It is an old saying, that "Bragg is a 
good dog, but Holdfast is better;" and as- at the battle of 
Stoneriver, some of us engaged there found this well ex- 
amplified (General Bragg there also being opposed to our 
Rosecrans, and the victory remaining with us although our 
right wing was badly routed,) so at Chicamauga, the well 
trained soldiers of the Union army under "Thomas the firm" 
and "Steedman the fiery," proved to be the better dog. 
General Bragg exhausted himself in fruitless charges, but 
Chattanooga, the objective point of the campaign, was 
captured and retained. 



44 



History of the 



I quote from General Cist : "All things considered, the 
battle of Chicamauga, for the forces engaged, was the 
hardest fought and the bloodiest battle of the rebellion. 
Hindman, who fought our right at Horse Shoe Ridge, says 
in his official report, that he had "never known federal 
troops to fight so well," and "never saw confederate soldiers 
fight better." On page 215 he says, "Taking all the sur- 
roundings into consideration, the campaign from the western 
slopes of the Cumberland mountain, ending in the battle of 
Chicamauga, was the most brilliant one of the war, made 
as it was in the face of the strong column of the enemy, 
whose business it was to watch every movement, and so far 
as possible to retard and cripple the advance of the union 
army. Rosecrans, with his masterly manouvering, in every 
instance deceived his opponent down to the withdrawal of 
Bragg from Chattanooga. 

Henry M.. Williams. 



iith Indiana Battery. 



45 



CHAPTER X. 




IEUTENANT OTTO, with the first sec- 
tion, when he saw the infantry retreat- 
ing, waited not for the order "to re- 
treat," but had his guns limbered up 
and retreated to the next hill in his 
rear. By limbering up one of the guns 
the horses got so excited that it was 
impossible for the cannoneers to "limber up." When the 
limber stopped the men would take the gun forward, trying 
to put the trail of the gun on the limber hook, but just at 
that moment the horses would start again. Repeated trials 
failed and so we came to the end of the field, where it went 
down a decline into the road. On this bank or declivity 
stood a sapling about six inches thick, and the men in their 
endeavor to limber up had not seen this tree and all at once 
the gun hung suspended, the tree catching between the 
wheel and cheek of the trail. It was impossible for the 
men to lift the gun off this tree. Some of the infantry 
passing to the rear, saw the predicament we were in, came 
to our help, took hold of the gun, and with the exclamation 
of "get along Liza Jane," pushed the gun back, got free of 
the tree and limbered up, not any too soon however, as the 
whiz, whiz from the front showed us the rebels not over I ;o 
yards off. The hill in our rear was climbed in a hurry and 
on top we unlimbered again, but the rebels did not follow 
us any further and molest us any more; probably they had 
as much of our iron and lead as they cared for at present. 
During the next hour General Sheridan reorganized the re- 
treating forces and marched them then on the Dry Valley 
road to Rossville and reported to General Thomas. The 
second section with whom Captain S. was, also retreated in 
time to be safe. 



46 History of the 



Our new line of battle was formed from Rossville south, 
covering the road into Chattanooga, between 8 and 9 in the 
evening. 

Losses on the 2oth of September. 

First Section — James E. Webster, killed. 

Second Section — Corporal Chas. Dudley, severely wound- 
ed and taken prisoner; died in prison. A. J. Cothrell and 
Adolph Lamont slightly wounded. 

Third Section— Sergeant Pfunder, killed; Corporel May, 
killed; James M. R. Snyder and Henry Blase severely 
wounded and left on the battlefield. 

Not severely wounded — Lieutenant H. M. Williams, Cor- 
porals Krieg and Drevves. Privates Hahn, Eger, Philip, 
Miller, Jeff. Thompson, Adam Phillabaum, Kirchner and 
Bowers. 

Captured— John Vodermark and the two Rodman guns. 

On the 2 1st we awaited the rebels on our new line of bat- 
tle. During the night we had gathered rails, piled them up 
in front of us and thrown some dirt against it — better than 
nothing at all — but we waited in vain, the enemy did not 
make its' appearance; even in Thomas' front the firing 
slackened. During the afternoon and evening caissons, 
ammunition wagons, and other transportation wagons were 
sent to Chattanooga. At midnight the troops commenced 
the evacuation of their lines to take up positions north of 
Chattanooga creek, a slow flowing stream with steep mirery 
banks. The right of our army was posted on the north of 
the confluence of this creek with the Tennessee river— right 
below Lookout point. Our battery was the farthest to the 
right, right close on Tennessee river. As soon as the troops 
got their positions pointed out, they at once began to use 
their shovels to throw up rifle pits and breastworks. The 
line extended from the right on Tennessee river, opposite 
Moccassin point, in a curve to Orchard Knob, and from 
there to a place on the Tennessee river above Chattanooga. 
On the morning of the 22nd, about 8 a. m., the new line was 



iith Indiana Battery. 47 



established. The same morning, after the fog rose, the 
pickets stationed yet on the Rossville line, saw the rebels 
approaching cautiously; when they came to our abandoned 
breastworks of the 21st, they felt surprised that they were 
not welcomed in the usual way. Our pickets retreated 
slowly, followed by the enemy, and arrived about 3 p. m. 
on the south side of Chattanooga creek, where they then 
received their welcome. The firing lasted till dark. A fort 
had been in process of construction here that commanded 
the approaches from Chattanooga valley into the town- 
The bridge which connected the north with the south side of 
Chattanooga creek, and which was of considerable length, 
was in line with this work, and made the approach of the 
enemy on this road to the town very dangerous. On the 
24th the enemy made an attack on this fort, but were hand- 
somely repulsed. We worked the whole night on our 
breastworks to strengthen them. In the last couple of days 
the whole line of defence was so strengthened, that all 
things considered, we felt safe enough. This first line built 
was from now used only as a picket line, and other interior 
lines were in course of construction. On the 25th, in the 
morning, we moved further towards the town, on a little 
elevation, where we built breastworks, one for each section. 

For several nights the enemy had attacked our lines some- 
where; also on the night of the 25th and 26? h. The attack- 
ing party were South Carolineans, who attacked our center; 
cur troops took quite a number of them prisoners. 

On the 28th we put up camp in the rear of our breast- 
works. On the 2d of October the writer with his section 
went on picket. 

As the road to Stevenson, where our supplies were, was 
very mountainous and rough, it was impossible to get enough 
forage and provisions here; therefore, all the horses and 
mules that were not necessarily needed here were ordered 
to be sent to Stevenson; all of ours, except twenty-three, 
were sent. 



48 History of the 



There was also a fort in process of erection at Orchard 
Knob, which was to be used against Mission Ridge. In the 
night of the 4th and 5th the enemy managed to haul guns 
up the road towards Point Lookout. On the 5th they com- 
menced firing with these guns (we counted fourteen) into 
our line; but they dared not depress these guns enough 
and therefore the projectiles went far over our heads doing 
us no damage. They fired about 100 rounds, but our side 
did not respond; the distance we had to haul our ammuni- 
tion was to great to throw it away without possible result. 
On the 7th, the writer with first section was relieved from 
picket. On the 8th, the iotn Indiana Battery fired a few 
shots at Lookout Point, to see whether it could reach it from 
its position or not; some proved to be very good shots. On 
the 7th, a rebel signal officer established himself on Look- 
out Point; the battery before mentioneb! were ordered to 
send some messengers up to him, ordering him to leave. 
On the 10th, twentieth and twenty-first corps were consoli- 
dated, and called henceforth the fourth army corps. On 
the 15th, the first section with Lieutenant Otto went on 
picket again; on the 19th, he was ordered by General Bran- 
non, Chief of Artillery of the Army of the Cumberland, 
to take command of the 20th Ohio Battery and assumed 
the same on the 18th. After the writer took command of 
the 20th Ohio Battery, the nth Indiana Battery moved their 
guns and quarters over on to Moccassin Point, preparatory 
to the final dislodgement of the enemy from Lookout moun- 
tain and Mission Ridge. 



iith Indiana Battery 



49 



CHAPTER XL 




SHORT sketch of the doings of the 
the 20th Ohio Battery, in command 
of First Lieutenant Otto, from Octo- 
ber 18th to December 18th, 1863. 

This battery came to Nashville in 
January, 1863, a splendid organization; 
but the officers of it were jealous of 
each other and intrigued against each 
other, which proved very disasterous to the welfare of the 
battery. On the Chicamauga campaign the Captain had 
every officer under arrest, a time when there should have 
been only harmony and unity between them. At the battle 
of Chicamauga, this officer, having to see to every detail 
and having to manage the whole battery himself, without 
any help, became so excited that he did not know what to 
do, and was therefore requested to resign, and Lieutenant 
Otto, of the nth Indiana Battery, put in command provi- 
sionally. After being in charge of the battery a few days 
he was apprised of the fact that the same old trickery and 
conspiracy was to be enacted against him. He therefore 
assembled the command and made a few practical remarks 
in regard to being appointed as commander of this battery. 
He stated to them, that under all circumstances he would 
obey the orders of his superiors and expected that his orders, 
so long as in command here, would also be obeyed. He 
would allow no interference with his duties either from 
officers or men and would keep strict discipline. He stated 
that he was long enough in the service to know what his 
duties were; when the time came for his relieve here he 
would go back to his own battery. This helped; from that 
time everything went well, and in a short time the writer 



50 History of the 



had the command in good shape. The guns of the battery 
were put into Fort Negley and every day the gun squads 
were relieved. 

During October and the forepart of November prepara- 
tions were in process for the reopening of our "cracker 
line" and the clearing of our front from the enemy. An 
order from the War Department, of October 16th, created 
the Departments ot Ohio, Cumberland and Tennessee, "the 
Military Division of the Mississippi," under the command 
of Major General U. S. Grant. By the same order Rose- 
crans was relieved and Thomas put in command of the De- 
partment of the Cumberland. One of Grant's first orders 
to Thomas was: "Hold Chattanooga at all hazards." To 
which Thomas replied: "We will hold the town till we 
starve !" Grant arrived at Stevenson on the 24th of Octo- 
ber, several days before General Hooker, with the nth 
corps, and Geary's Division of the 12th, from the Army of 
the Potomac, had arrived, and the reopening of our "cracker 
line" was near at hand. By November 1st the Wauhatchee 
valley was cleared of the enemy. The boats could now 
come to Brown's Ferry from Bridgeport. From Brown's to 
Kelley's Ferry and from there to Chattanooga being only a 
few miles and out of range of the enemy's guns. 

Sherman, with the 15th army corps, arrived at Chatta- 
nooga on the 15th of November. On the 21st the first 
movement for the clearing of our front was to come off. 
Sherman was to move to the north of Chattanooga, cross the 
Tennessee river opposite the mouth of Chicamauga creek, 
and carry the heights on the north end of Mission Ridge. 
Thomas to operate in the center and Hooker on the right. 

On the 20th, a section of the 10th Indiana Battery report- 
ed to me and I was ordered to report with my command to 
General Wood on the 21st, in the morning; there we were 
formed in line of battle on the north of Fort Wood. 

Owing to the high water in the river the movements were 
delayed two days. Sherman crossed his troops over the 
river and got into his position. On the 25th he began his 



iith Indiana Battery. 51 



operations. On the 24th, in the afternoon and evening, 
Hooker drove the enemy from Lookout mountain and the 
next day our whole army made a combined attack, stormed 
and took the enemy's rifle pits at the foot of Mission Ridge, 
and after a little rest commenced the storming of the rebel 
citadel — Mission Ridge. It was a grand sight when our 
columns stormed the heights ; the whole ridge ablaze with 
guns and muskets. Out of their last riflepits near the top of 
the ridge the enemy stoned our men as they came up. As 
there was no halting of our troops, the rebels began to re- 
treat and the ridge was ours. As we found out afterward, 
our artillery from Fort Wood had done a great deal of dam- 
age on Mission Ridge; a number of horses had been killed 
and wagons destroyed. Hooker and Sherman followed the 
rebels for some distance, but cold, rain and snow setting in, 
they returned to Chattanooga and went into winter quarters 
within a couple of miles from the town. 

The trophies captured from the enemy in this fight were 
hauled to town on the 27th, among which were twenty-five 
guns and caissons and ten or twelve guns without caissons. 

On the 29th we held our common Sunday inspection. 
After inspection Captain Sutermeister, of the nth Indiana 
Battery, came over and told me if I would go to Indiana 
on recruiting service during the winter he would apply for 
my relieve from my present command. As I had not been 
home since December 17, 1861, of course I accepted the pro- 
position. 

The men of the 20th battery tried to persuade me to stay 
with them — they would procure from their Governor the 
Captain's commission forthwith if I would say "yes;" but I 
declined, telling them that as I went out with the nth 
Indiana Battery men, I was in duty bound to stay with them 
and go back home with them at the discharge of the bat- 
tery, if not killed. I would not take any Captain's commis- 
sion and leave my own cammand. 

On December 1st I turned over to Lieutenant Nitschelm, 
of the 20th Ohio Battery, my charge, got my marching 



52 History of the 



orders from the Department for Indiana, and reported to 
the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana for orders on 
the 7th of December. On the 8th I arrived at Fort Wayne, 
procured an office and established myself as recruiting 
officer for the nth Indiana Battery. Sergeant Cook Gil- 
lock, who was sent with me, I sent to DeKalb County for 
duty. 



iith Indiana Battery. 



53 



PART III. 



CHAPTER XII, 




burial. 



ROM December 10, 1863, till April 13, 
1864, the writer enlisted nineteen re- 
cruits for the battery, and had them 
mustered in at Indianapolis. Sergeant 
Gillock had no luck at all; not a single 
man did he enlist. 

During his stay at Fort Wayne, the 
writer attended two funerals of officers 
who died at the front and were sent 
to their homes at Fcrt Wayne for 
The first was Captain Aveline, whose body came on 
the 12th, and was buried on the 14th of December, 1863; 
the second was Lieutenant Scott, of our own battery, who 
died on the 5th of January, 1864, and was buried on the 
9th. 

On March 28th, a number of the boys who had re-enlist- 
ed, arrived at Fort Wayne on veteran furlough, and of 
course, we had a good time together. The latter part of 
February Captain S. also was here on furlough for a short 
time. 

As the time was near at hand to commence preparation 
for a new campaign, all recruiting officers were ordered to 
bring their business to an end. 

On the nth the writer received his orders to report at In- 
dianapolis. On the 14th he left Fort Wayne and arrived at 
Indianapolis the next morning. Sergeant Gillock was there 
also. A settlement with the Adjutant General for commuta- 
tion, and lodging, and subsistence for the recruits was made 
during the next three days. On the 18th we left Indian- 
apolis for the front with a large box of "goodies" for the 



54 History of the 



boys from their friends at home. On the 22d, 6 a. m.. we 
arrived at Chattanooga, Sergeant Rank awaiting us at the 
depot. 

After a few days rest we settled down to business again. 
The battery had just received their new guns: Four 20 
pound Parrott guns and two 24 pound Howitzers. On the 
28th we received the ammunition for those guns and the 
harness for the horses; but the horses had not come yet. 
On the 29th our veterans came back. 

While waiting for the horses, the ammunition was packed 
in the caissons and limbers and everything got in readiness. 

On resignation of Lieutenant Williams, on account of the 
wound received at Chicamauga, Mr. John H. Jacobs, of Fort 
Wayne, was commissioned and mustered into the service to 
fill the vacancy of Lieutenant Williams as First Lieutenant; 
and the vacancy caused by the death of Second Lieutenant 
Scott was filled by the promotion of First Sergeant John 
McKinley for Second Lieutenant. 

On May 7th the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Army corps went 
through here enroute for Ringgold. On the 8th and gth we 
received our outfit of horses. Everything being in readiness 
now — the men rested, the number brought up to its standard 
again, we were ready for another campaign. 



tith Indiana Battery. 



DO 



CHAPTER XIII, 




ARLY in the morning of the ioth of May, 
the battery left Chattanooga on its third 
campaign. 

On account of teams being ahead of 
us and heavy rains setting in, our march 
was considerably detained. Early in the 
afternoon we arrived at Ringgold and 
went into camp there over night. Heavy 
rains that night nearly drowned us. At 
7 a. m., on the nth, we resumed our march, but under diffi- 
culties. Little Chickamauga creek, which we had to ford 
several times, was very much swollen and the shores very 
muddy; so with this difficulty and new horses that did not 
pull together yet, we had considerable trouble, We arrived 
at Tunnel Hill about n a. m., and at 4 p. m. we went into 
position. On the 12th we bombarded from our position at 
Tunnel Hill Rocky Face Ridge, where the rebels had some 
breastworks thrown up and succeeded in dislodging them. 
The First section was then ordered further south and took 
up a position on a knoll to fire at a battery at Buzzard 
Roost; we fired one round every five minutes, and expended 
until evening 26 rounds. The next morning early we re- 
sumed our firing till about 6:30 o'clock, when it was discov- 
ered that the enemy had left their works. The enemy here 
had a very strong position and it would have been impossi- 
ble to drive him out of these positions if it had not been 
for General Sherman, who commanded our army in this 
campaign, to commence his "flanking manouvres; the 
enemy, to keep their communications in tact, had to evacu- 
ate their positions, Our troops kept on the heels of the 
rebels, followed them through Dalton to Resacca, where 



56 



History of the 



they had another line of breastworks thrown up, behind 
which they made another stand. In the excitement follow- 
ing the rebels, our battery got no orders to move and we 
stayed where we were that day; but the next day, the 14th, 
we followed the army without orders and arrived at Dalton 
in the afternoon. Here we found Colonel Laipold, of John- 
son's division, in command, and we concluded to attach 
ourselves to his brigade till orders came for us to do other- 
wise; but in the evening late a courier arrived with orders 
for the battery, and on the 15th early we took up our march 
to Resacca. On the road there we met a number of ambul- 
ances with wounded soldiers going to the rear, and other 
signs of deadly conflicts — cannon and musket firing, etc. 
We arrived at Resacca in the evening and reported to Gen- 
eral Thomas, who gave us the order to take a certain posi- 
tion in the early morning. About midnight, from the 15th 
to the 1 6th, the enemy made several attempts at our lines 
in heavy force with artillery and musket uproars, but were 
repulsed in every instance. When ready the next morning 
early to take our position against the enemy's works, they 
were found vacated. During the night, General Johnson, 
who commanded the opposing rebel army, being the suc- 
cessor to Bragg, covered his retreat by attacking our lines. 
We captured from the enemy four field-pieces, two siege 
guns, a number of prisoners, and a large quantity of corn 
and meal at Resacca, where we arrived at 1 p. m. on the 
16th. Here, the rebels after crossing the Oostanaula river, 
had the railroad and wagon road bridges destroyed, and we 
had to wait for the pontoon train to throw pontoon bridges 
over the river before we could cross. On the 17th, in the 
early morning, the bridges were ready, and at 7 a. m. we 
crossed and followed up the rebels again. Heavy thunder- 
showers delayed our march somewhat. We came through 
Calhoun about 5 p. m., and about 9 p. m. went into camp 
about two miles this side of Adairsville. During the whole 
night the rebels were busy with their railroad trains, which 
we could hear very distinctly going and coming. On the 



iith Indiana Battery. 57 



18th we were ready to move at 3:30 p. m, but again were 
greatly delayed on the road. At 1 p. m. we arrived at 
Adairsville, where we rested until 4 p. m. From there we 
marched till about 9 p. m., and going into camp about five 
or six miles from Kingston, Ga. By 8 a. m. on the 19th we 
left our camp and took up the march to Kingston, where 
we arrived at 1 p. m., just on the heels of the rebels. We 
followed them up in line of battle, but they retreated over 
Etowah river and burned the bridge after them. As we 
could not follow on account of the destroyed bridge, we 
sent a few complimentaries after them in the shape of shells 
out of our guns. At Kingston we remained till the 23d. We 
occupied a beautiful camping place and enjoyed it very 
much. On the 18th our troops captured Rome, Ga., with 
engines and a large amount of provisions. On the 21st we 
received orders to prepare ourselves with twenty days forage 
and provisions. On the 22d Lieutenant McKinley was sent 
to Chattanooga for horses. 

Before going any further in our narrative, it may be well 
for the better understanding of the later movements of the 
two armies, to know the composition and disposition of the 
same at the starting out on the campaign of 1864. 

In October, 1863, General Grant was put in command of 
the millitary division of the Mississippi, and General Sher- 
man succeeded him in the command of the department of 
the army of the Tennessee. In the spring of 1864, Congress 
had created the office of Lieutenant General, and General 
Grant was the officer on whom the grade was conferred. 
General Sherman succeeded him as the commander of the 
military division of the Mississippi, and General McPherson 
as the commander of the department of the Mississippi, 
having two corps under his command, viz: The 15th corps 
of three divisions, General John A. Logan, commander; and 
the 16th army corps, of two divisions, General Greenville 
M. Dodge, commanding. This department constituted the 
right wing of General Sherman's army. 



58 History of the 



The department of the Ohio, commanded by General 
John M. Scofield, consisting of two divisions from the 9th 
army corps, General John G. Parks, commanding; and the 
23d army corps, General George L. Hartsuff, commanding, 
constituted the left wing of the army. 

The army of the Cumberland, Major General George H. 
Thomas commanding, consisted of the 4th, 14th and 20th 
army corps, commanded respectively by Generals O. O. 
Howard, John M. Palmer and Joseph Hooker. 

The confederate army was commanded by General 
Joseph E. Johnson, who had succeeded General Bragg, and 
who was, in military circles announced as second only to 
Lee. 

The army of the Cumberland confronted the rebel army 
in front of Rocky Face Ridge, Buzzard Roost and Mill 
Creek. 

The army of the Ohio joined onto the left of the army of 
the Cumberland (4th corps) toward Catoosa springs; 
McCook's division of cavalry covering Varnell station on 
the East Tennessee Railroad. The army of the Tennessee 
joining on Hooker's (20th corps) right, at Lee & Gordon's 
mill, diverging from Hooker's line toward Slip Gap and 
Villanow. General Garrard Kilpatrick on the extreme 
right with their cavalry. Sherman entered the campaign 
with an effective force of 100,000 men and 254 guns. Of 
these the army of the Cumberland had 60,000 men and 130 
guns; the army of the Tennessee, 25,000 men and 96 guns; 
and the army of the Ohio 14,000 men and 28 guns. 

Johnston's confederate army was reported at an effective 
strength of 75,000 men. 

The confederate army consisted of the corps of Polk 
(right), Hood (center) and Hardee (left); with Wheeler's 
and Forrest's cavalry, and three brigades of mounted in- 
fantry. 

We have seen that Sherman's first flanking manouvres 
were executed by the right wing (McPherson's) with 
Garrard's cavalry. When the rebels made their next stand 



iith Indiana Battery 59 

at Resacca, the same wing was sent around the left of the 
rebel army, but their base at Resacca with the Oostanaula 
river at their back, and the topography of the country at 
the west and southwest of Resacca was such that the 
movements of our right wing naturally were slow. We 
have seen that on the night of the 15th and 16th, General 
Johnson getting pressed very hard by the Union army, left 
his position at Resacca and fell across the Oostanaula river. 
On his retreat from here into his next intrenchments, he 
divided his army to mislead Sherman and through this pro- 
bably would get the advantage over one of the isolated 
corps of the union army. He very nearly succeeded in his 
scheme, had his subordinate officers been on the alert; but 
at the time when they began their assault on the union line 
the union army was united again. Johnston sent Polk's corps 
by way of Adairsville to Kingston and Hood's and Hardee's 
corps to Rome. General Sherman supposed Johnston 
would cross the Etowah river at Kingston and Rome; but 
Johnston conferring with his staff of engineers, came to the 
conclusion that the country around Cassville possessed the 
topography for him to make a stand and offer battle to the 
union army. On the 19th the rebels threw up a strong line 
of intrenchments, as Johnston had issued orders that he had 
retreated far enough for strategic purposes, and would offer 
battle here and decide the fate of the two armies. 

On the 23d, at 6 a. m., our battery, with the rest of the 
troops, left Kingston and crossed, about four miles south of 
Kingston, the Etowah river. As soon as the union army went 
into position against Johnston's forces here, Hood and Polk 
protested against the proposed stand, and Johnston not 
willing to go into battle under protest of his subordinates, 
ordered the retirement of the rebel army through Carters- 
ville and there crossing the Etowah river, concluded to 
make Allatoona and Pumpkin Vine creeks to cover his front 
and entrench lines across the Dallas and Marietta, and 
Burnt Hickory to Ackworth roads. The topography of the 
country is very rugged and hilly, so Johnston could not 



6o History of the 



fail to find most anywhere a good position for entrench- 
ments. 

On the 23d, crossing Etowah river, we marched to Euhar- 
ly, about eight miles from Kingston, and went into camp 
about 1 p. m.; on the 24th we came through Stilesboro, and 
in the afternoon passed Burnt Hickory ridge, eight miles 
this side of Dallas. For the last two days we marched un- 
der difficulties, the rebels taking every opportunity to im- 
pede our forward movement. 

On the 25th, we marched with General Williams' 1st 
division, 20th army corps, on the road to Dallas; but we 
were hemmed in considerably and did on this day consider- 
ably marching and counter-marching. In the evening we 
were about four miles from Dallas. There was a good deal 
of fighting going on along the whole line, and the enemy 
pressed closer and closer. The 26th, we remained in the 
position of the 25th. On the 27th, we left our position at 6 
a. m., marched about eight miles in a roundabout way and 
went into position about two miles north-east of Dallas, at 
New Hope church. Here the rebels showed a very strong 
front, cannonading and sharp-shooting went on incessantly 
during the whole day on both sides of the contending lines. 
In our immediate front heavy musket firing continued until 
midnight. During the night we built breastworks for our 
guns, as without them we were in danger *from sharp- 
shooters every moment. The next morning, after the fog 
had risen, we commenced firing again. By 6 a. m. there 
was heavy cannonading and musketry firing on our right 
and left. The rebels attacked the 5th Indiana (Simonson's) 
Battery but were repulsed with heavy loss. During the after- 
noon the firing quieted down somewhat. On this afternoon 
we cut out timber for a breastwork for No. 1 and 2 guns, 
each separate, at a right angle from our present position 
and during the night we put them up, and early in the morn- 
ing on the 29th, we moved our guns into them. During the 
whole day every thing was remarkably quiet, on the whole 
line until in the evening when the rebels along the whole 



iith Indiana Battery. 6i 

line made assaults. On our left they commenced about 10 
p . m., and immediately after in our front; we opened with 
all our guns and they fell back. Between u and 12 p. m., 
they made a second assault and were repulsed again; some 
of our infantry, after this second assault, halloed over to 

the rebels, "come over here again you rebels 

and we'll knock out of you again." On our extreme 

right the firing was kept up till 2 or 3 a. m. The 30th passed 
off very quietly, but we anticipated another night attack; on 
this day Henry Bowers was wounded. On the 31st, between 
10 and 11 a. m., the enemy opened on us with their guns in 
front of us, but the first section, having a very good posi- 
tion, quieted them with twenty-six rounds out of their Parrott 
guns and exploded for them a limber or caission chest; in 
the afternoon they again became unruly and we sent twenty- 
three more messengers of peace over to them. On June 1st, 
the guns in our front behaved very admirably, but at our 
right and left there was considerable cannonading; nothing 
of any consequence occurred in our immediate front. The 
first section sent over in the rebel line a few case shot, but 
everything kept quiet. On the 3d of June, Sergeant Ballard 
and Private Gardner of the first section were wounded by 
sharp-shooters (Sergeant Ballard died of this wound later in 
the hospital at Chattanooga). These sharp-shooters for 
the last couple of days began to become a nuisance; we did 
not dare to show our heads unless a whiz was heard the 
next second. On the 4th, our battery was relieved from its 
position by Battery H, 1st 111. Artillery. 



62 



History of the 



CHAPTER XIV. 




S SOON as our army was well entrenched 
in their positions against the enemy's 
line, and a less number therefore could 
successfully hold the entrenchments, 
Sherman extended his line on his left 
wing toward Allatoona. The army of the 
Ohio already covered the direct road to 
that place, and he had only to extend his 
lines by that flank to reopen communica- 
tion with the railroad again. Johnston was aware of such 
a movement and therefore guarded Sherman's movements 
very closely. 

On the 29th of May, McPherson was ordered to drop out 
of his line the next day, and during the afternoon and eve- 
ning movements of troops were going on. Johnston rightly 
judged the withdrawal of troops from there. The assault 
of the rebels on the night of the 29th was to feel the front 
of McPherson; as it proved, McPherson was there yet. Also 
the attacks of the enemy during the next two days were 
made for the same purpose; but Sherman was not foiled in 
his purpose by the action of Johnston. Troops were re- 
lieved out of their positions here and there and directed to 
extend the left wing, and this was the reason why we were 
relived of our position on June 4th. During the night of 
the 4th to 5th, we encamped near Thomas' headquarters, 
and I read in my diary: "Since many nights the first night 
again when I had a good sleep." The 5th, at night, the 
rebels left their position. On the 5th, at 10 a. m., we com- 
menced our march toward Ackworth and about 2 p. m. went 
into camp near that place. 



iith Indiana Battery. 63 

The commander of the confederate army anticipating the 
necessity of retreating to a new line, had such a line or lines 
prepared always before hand. His chief engineer, Colonel 
Prestman was always on the lookout for a new position to 
be ready, when the former position had to be given up. He 
was aided in this work by the Georgia militia anc negros. 
The new line into which Johnston retired was about six 
miles in the rear of New Hope church, from near Powder 
Springs to Lost mountain, Pine and Kenesaw mountains. 

On the 1st of June, Stoneman, with his cavalry, had taken 
possession of Allatoona and the pass, and the repairs of the 
railroad from Kingston to the Etowah river were immedi- 
ately begun. On the 2d, Schofield, with the 23d corps, 
were in motion, crossing the Allatoona road with that from 
Burnt Hickory to Marietta. Of course the rebels contested 
every foot of the ground; but Schofield pressed on. Near 
the crossing of Allatoona creek with the Ackworth road, 
Schofield came upon the intrenched line of the enemy 
again. 

On the 6th our Battery moved about two and a half miles, 
and as there was no immediate forward movement on hand 
we took the horses to a pasture close by, which treat they 
greatly enjoyed. 

I have forgotten to state that on the 28th of May, Lieu- 
tenant McKinley, who had been sent from Kingston to 
Chattanooga for horses, arrived with horses and mail. 

On the 7th of June our ammunition and forage wagons 
arrived, and the former were transferred into our limber and 
caisson chests immediately. 

During the whole time of our fighting at Dallas, New 
Hope church, etc., there was hardly a day without rain, and 
the roads, especially in the valleys, were in a bad condition, 
and it took considerable flesh off of our animals to move 
the battery and the train. Up to the 9th, inclusive, we had 
our animals in pasture every day and it did them much 
good. 



64 History of the 



On the ioth, at 7 a. m., we moved forward again and 
arrived at Big Shanty between 3 and 4 p. m. Here our 
troops were in line of battle about one-half mile in front of 
us but no immediate attack was expected. On the 12th, the 
construction train arrived here, and as the whistle sounded 
the boys took up the sound on the whole line. On the 13th, 
railroad trains arrived with provisions, forage and ammuti- 
tion. 

The line of defence, into which the enemy had retreated, 
was in a line from Brush mountain, a few miles south-east 
of Big Shanty, to Lost mountain, near east of Marietta and 
south-west of Big Shanty, with a salient or detached work 
at Pine Mountain. This whole line was to cover Marietta, 
a depot of the confederate army on the Chattanooga and 
Atlanta Railroad. The right wing of the enemy was at 
Brush mountain. Between this and Kenesaw mountain the 
railroad and wagon road had their beds. These two points, 
naturally strong positions, were fortified in such a way that 
they were made impregnable, as will be seen later on when 
Sherman assaulted these positions with his best troops and 
failed. The Union army in following Johnston developed 
his line, first crowding him off from Pine mountain, and our 
right, steadily crowding the rebel left, and secured Lost 
mountain also. The rebels successively fell back from one 
position into another with their left and center, that their 
line in the latter part of June was in a line south from Brush 
mountain, across Kenesaw and along Noses creek, their left 
refused to Olley's creek. But from Sherman's base of 
supplies, Big Shanty, it proved a very hazardious undertak- 
ing to supply his army with rations on account of the inces- 
sant rains which had nearly drowned the country; the 
streams, during other seasons dry beds, were full and over- 
flowing, making seas of mud out of the valleys, so that it 
proved nearly an impossiblity to supply the troops with 
their needed hardtack. Meat on the hoof was transported 
to the different commands and killed and- distributed. The 
intention of Sherman was to crowd with his right around 



iith Indiana Battery. 65 



the rebel left and get across the railroad south of Marietta, 
but the roads, in the condition they were, made it impossible 
for him to stretch out his right still further. When Sherman 
had invested Johnston's lines, on the 13th of June, he sent 
a dispatch to General F. P. Blair, who was at Kingston with 
two divisions of the army of the Tennessee, to come up 
forthwith as he (Sherman) was going into Marietta on the 
15th. But it proved two very long days. 

On the 14th of June the left of the army of the Cumber- 
land were straddling the railroad at Big Shanty, their front 
toward Brush mountain, and their left covering Pine moun- 
tain, pressing the rebel lines east in the direction of Kene- 
saw mountain. As the army was reversed in the lines 
around Marietta, McPherson now was on the left wing and 
Schofield on the right. As the positions were made secure 
by breastworks, the troops were stretched more and more 
toward the right. On the 16th we moved about two miles 
to the right with our battery. This day, Captain Simonson, 
of the 5th Indiana Battery was killed at Pine mountain, On 
On the 19th, we moved our position again near Kenesaw 
mountain. The next day, the 20th, in the early afternoon, 
the first section was ordered into action against a battery on 
Kenesaw mountain. In this action, Lieutenant Otto was 
wounded by a piece of shell, striking the belt plate 
and abdomen below. Some of the boys carried him to a 
tobacco shed near by and summoned a physician, but when 
that worthy saw the rent the piece of iron had made, he 
gave the Lieutenant a drink of whiskey and left him, pro- 
bably he thought to die. Not long after, the stretcher men 
came and took all the wounded into a log house a little to 
the rear of our position. This room by evening got pretty 
well crowded with wounded soldiers. That this was not a 
very safe place is shown, as it was struck several times dur- 
ing the firing in the afternoon by cannon balls. T n the 
evening all the wounded were taken to the 1st brigade, 2nd 
division, 4th corps field hospital. I will give here a little 
hospital experience as far as I can recollect. When we 



66 History of the 



arrived at the hospital, twigs from the trees were gathered 
and put on the ground in the tent, on this a blanket was 
stretched and a bed for the wounded was ready. Each of 
us got a cup of coffee that night and laid down to rest. In 
the morning the same diet was given us with the addition of 
a hardtack; at noon a little soup and at evening again a 
cup of coffee and a cracker. This was our diet as long as 
I remained there. During the first forenoon, cots were 
made for the inhabitants; four crutches with poles across, 
some twigs on top of those, covered by a blanket — all that 
could be expected in a field hospital. I was not wounded 
seriously, the belt plate taking the force off from the piece 
of iron, causing only a severe and painful contusion; after 
the swelling went down somewhat, I was able to be up and 
bathed my hurt with cold water which kept out inflamma- 
tion. But there were others who did not get off so easy; 
amputations were necessary in many instances. The 
patient was laid on a table and the knife and saw set in 
operation. The groans and shrieks ot those so treated were 
almost unbearable and several died under the hands of the 
manipulators. As soon as I was able I went outside the 
hospital under the trees in the shade and fresh air as much 
as possible. 

On the 22d the hospital moved further to the right to be 
near the division to which it belonged, as this had moved two 
miles further to the right. On the 26th all the slightly wound- 
ed in hospital who could walk were taken to Big Shanty 
to make room for others, as there was a general assault to 
be made on the Kenesaw lines the next day. On the 27th, 
6 a. m., all the artillery, of the Cumberland and Tennessee 
armies opened on the rebel lines in front for fifteen minutes, 
after which the assault of the infantry was made, in four 
columns, but none of the columns gained the main breast- 
works of the enemy. The slaughter was great but the gain 
was nothing of any importance. The enemy was too well 
established in its fortifications. On the right in front 
of Schofield's and Hooker's line some strategic points 



iith Indiana Battery. 67 

were captured from the enemy. On the 28th the 
hospital got so crowded that I resolved to go to the battery. 
I sent notice to Captain S. to send a wagon over after me, 
which he did, and I left the hospital in the hope never to 
enter one again. Of course I was not able to perform duty, 
but I was with my own "family" anyway. When on the 
march I spread my blanket in one of the wagons, ambulance 
we had none, and traveled along. 

Almost every day the position of the troops and the bat- 
tery were changed, and by this time we were quite well 
versed in building breastworks and fortifications. 

As it was clear now in Sherman's mind that with direct 
assaults against Johnston's position at the Kenesaw, nothing 
could be gained, and as the rains had somewhat ceased and 
roads dried up so that the supplies of the army could be car- 
riedby wagons, he reverted to his old plan again to move by 
the right around Johnston's left, determined to get him out of 
his impregnable position on Kenesaw. It was ascertained 
from some of Schofield's advanced positions, that already 
on the 29th moving trains on the road across the Chattahoo- 
che river could be heard, and Johnston, no doubt, prepared 
himself already to evacuate Kenesaw. The whole army be- 
gan stretching out their lines toward the left; Garrard's 
cavalry on the left to cover the rail and wagon roads to 
Marietta. During the night of the 2d of July, the rebels 
evacuated their works on the Kenesaw, with our advance 
again on their heels pressing them hard. At 8 a. m. we 
were on the march to Marietta, where we arrived about 10. 
Since we had left New Hope church, we received our orders 
directly from General Thomas, and consequently were 
always near his headquarters on the march. When we ar- 
rived at Marietta, Thomas established his headquarters in 
town, and we were left here with him. The rebels had 
made another stand about five miles from Marietta, south. 
On the 4th enough firing was done there to make believe 
a battle was raging again; but it is my belief that Johnston 
made this stand only to get all his "duds" over the river; 



68 History of the 



and true enough, on the morning of the 5th his lines 'were 
vacated. 

On the 6th we took up our march to the front and arrived 
within one and a half miles of the Chattahoochee river, 
where we went into camp. Quite a number of prisoners 
were taken here (300) and were taken to the rear. 



tith Indiana Battery. 



69 



CHAPTER XV. 




NE branch of the service, without which 
General Sherman would or could not 
have been successful, I have hitherto neg- 
lected to mention. It was the railway 
repair service, under the management of 

Colonel Wright, a civil engineer, with a corps of 2000 men. 

I cannot give a better description of this particular branch 

of service than is given in Jacob D. Cox's History of the 

Atlanta Campaign. Page 62, he says: 

"The efficiency and skill of this branch of the service was 
beyond praise. The ordinary wooden bridges of the rail- 
way were reconstructed where destroyed, of a standard pat- 
tern or truss, of which the parts were interchangeable, and 
the prepared timbers were kept in stock at safe points in 
the rear. By this means a bridge could be renewed as by 
magic, and perhaps nothing produced a more moral effect 
upon the enemy than hearing the whistle of the locomotive 
in the rear of our lines within a few hours after they had 
received reports that the railway had been broken so 
thoroughly as to cause us great delays. But the triumph of 
energy and mechanical skill came when, as at the Chatta- 
hoochee, great trestle bridges, hundreds of feet long, and 
nearly a hundred high, were flung across a chasm with as little 
delay or trouble as an ordinary pioneer corps would make 
in bridging a petty stream. The construction corps and 
the railway transportation department, under Colonel An- 
derson, worked in complete accord, and at no time during 
the campaign was there the slightest anxiety about sup- 
plies, whilst a reduction of the ration was very rare." The 
comrades are all acquainted with the workings of the signal 



70 History of the 



corps, with their flags waving from any commanding hill or 
tree top. The key of their code was changed occasionally 
to prevent the enemy from reading their dispatches. 

As stated before, Johnston on the 5th of July, in the 
night, evacuated his entrenched lines (at Nickajack valley) 
and fell into those prepared for him at Chattahoochee river. 
This position was to guard the fords and ferries leading to 
Atlanta; but our cavalry with the right and left wing had 
already taken possession of some of the ferries across that 
stream. Garrard with his men had occupied Roswell, about 
twenty miles up the river, and Stoneman had taken posses- 
sion of Turner's ferry, about eight miles down stream from 
the railway bridge crossing, and at both places preparations 
were made by the troops to cross the river in force. When 
we came into our present position, one and a half miles 
from the railroad bridge, a work was thrown up for our bat- 
tery, and on the 9th we moved our four 20 pound Parrots 
into it, and began to shell the rebel position in our front. 
During the night the rebels vacated their position on the 
north of the bridge and fell across the Chattahoochee, 
burning bridges and ferry boats. On the nth we moved 
forward to the river. At night a fort was constructed at 
the bridge head, into which, the next day, we moved the first 
section and began firing at the rebel works on the opposite 
side of the river. For several days we kept up our fire 
every day. On the 16th the 18th Indiana battery went into 
a fort on our left. On the 17th our first section and the 18th 
battery opened a slo'w fire at the rebel's position, but the 
latter, who only had light guns could not do much execu- 
tion, and a rebel battery in front of them made it quite warm 
for them. They had four of their men wounded and consid- 
erable damage done to their works. Also one man of our 
section from No. 2 gun (Sam. Kelker) was slightly wounded 
on the head. On the 18th we resumed our fire again; toward 
evening a rebel wagon train was sighted, which we shelled. 
This made their sharpshooters mad and they went for us, 
but done us no damage; our fire was kept up till the 2it, 



iith Indiana Battery. 71 

when it was found that our front was clear, the rebels hav- 
ing left. 

Sherman, during these days, had his headquarters at 
Vining's station, about five miles from the railroad crossing 
over the Chattahoochee. Near this station was a hill from 
which Atlanta and the rebel camps could be discovered, and 
the outlook on this hill discovered on the 9th quite a com- 
motion in the rebel camps. 

Schofield had made a reconnoisance of the river between 
Pace's ferry, (a little above the crossing of the railroad 
bridge) and Roswell, for suitable fords and ferries, and on 
the 8th, in the afternoon, effected a crossing near the mouth 
of Soap creek, about six or seven miles above Pace's ferry. 
Very little resistence by the enemy was made. A few 
cavalrymen, with one piece of artillery only opposed the 
movement from a ridge in the immediate front of the mouth 
of the creek. A single cannon-shot was fired, but before 
another shot could be fired at the crossing columns, the gun 
was in our hands and the few cavalrymen galloped away to 
convey the news to their command. 

Before dark on this day, at this place, a bridge was com- 
pleted and a second one under construction. The fortify- 
ing of the hill south of the crossing was immediately begun 
and a trestle bridge built at the side of the one burnt. 

McPherson on the right, at Turner's ferry, was ordered to 
keep up a lively front at this crossing to prohibit Johnston 
sending reinforcements to the right of his line. 

On the 1 2th Thomas was ordered to build a pontoon bridge 
at Power's ferry during the night. 

On the 13th McPherson was ordered to join the left and 
only Blair's corps was left at our right to await the return 
of Stoneman from his raid, destroying bridges and boats at 
Campbelltown and Landtown, and then also report to the 
left. 

Having his whole army over or at the crossings of the 
Chattahoochee, Sherman ordered Schofield to move by way 
of Cross Kevs toward Decatur. McPherson on the left of 



72 History of the 



this with Garrard's cavalry on his flank cutting and destroy- 
ing" the railroads between Decatur and Stone mountain. 
Thomas crossing at Pace's and Philip's ferries, marched 
toward Atlanta, his left to reach Buckhead, and with his 
line from east to west, facing south, march on to Atlanta. 
Schofield and McPherson reaching the line of the Georgia 
railroad to turn south also, and envelop the city from the 
east to the southeast. Thomas in his position had in his front 
Peachtree creek, with a wooded, uneven country. Johnston 
had posted his lines about two miles south of Peachtree 
creek from the west, leaning against the railroad near Mont- 
gomery chapel, to a place called Peyton's Plantation, and 
from there running south to the Georgia railroad, on the 
east of Atlanta. But at this point Johnston's work with the 
army was done. At Richmond it was thought that a more 
dashing and daring commander would better the condition 
of the rebel army and retrieve its losses. Hood was the 
one selected, and how well he done his work, or failed to do 
it, the future campaign will disclose. 

Johnston had been very cautious in all his movements 
from Ringgold to the Chattahoochee river, and not a single 
weak point was found in his lines, and in all his retreat never 
lost anything of much consequence. Now aggressive 
movements could be expected from his successor, and an 
end of the campaign could be foreseen. As Thomas work- 
ed his army soutward, crossing Peachtree creek on the 19th, 
it was attacked on the 20th by Hood's army in such an im- 
petious manner that he, Hood, lost that day over 6000 killed, 
wounded and prisoners; two corps of the army of the Cum- 
berland, Howard's to the left and Hooker in the center, 
were attacked by the enemy, and after a fearful slaughter 
the enemy were repulsed and fell back. 

The two corps on the extreme left, Schofield's and 
McPherson's, on this day came down on the Georgia rail- 
road and country roads, pressing Wheeler with his cavalry 
so hard that he sent couriers to Hood for support, or else 
would be driven into the fortifications of Atlanta. Cleburne 



iith Indiana Battery 73 

from Hardee's corps was ordered to the'support of Wheeler, 
but that weakened the already weakened lines by the 
day's battle, that it cast a cloud on the army contending 
with Thomas. 

On the 2 1st the union armies were drawn closer around 
the fortifications of Atlanta, and intrenched themselves 
from the west of Atlanta around the north to the south- 
east. 

Hood also was not idle. He retired from the Peachtree 
intrenchments during the night of the 20th, and on the 
north some advanced lines of the fortifications of Atlanta 
were laid out, and the troops, negro and citizens, were set 
to work on them. A similar line was laid out on the south 
of Atlanta in front of McPherson's lines. These lines were 
completed during the night of the 21st, and occupied by 
the enemies troops, except Hardee's corps, of four divi- 
sions, which was to be employed elsewhere. 

Hood was certain that his army in the fortifications in 
Atlanty would by and by be starved out; at present he only 
had two lines, viz : The Atlanta and Westpoint and the 
Macon and Western, but they would soon be in the hands 
of the union armies and then he would be cut off from all 
communications outside. He determined, with Hardee's 
corps, to get in the rear of McPherson, roll him upon Scho- 
field and then with the rest of his army drive the army of 
the Cumberland from their position and drive the whole 
union army northward. Such was the plan, how far he suc- 
ceeded we shall see. 

Hardee was withdrawn from his line two and one-half 
miles north of Atlanta, marched through the city and out 
at the south of it, took a road leading along Entrenchment 
creek, which he crossed at Cobb's mill, then turned north- 
east toward Decatur to within about two miles of that 
place. Wheeler's cavalry was to help him. As soon as day- 
light set in the union army discovered the entrenchments in 
front of Thomas and Schofield vacated, and a general ad- 
vance ordered. As they came within close proximity of 



74 History of the 



the rebel works they selected their positions and intrench- 
ed; batteries were put in positions and Atlanta invested 
from Thomas' right covering the Chattanooga railroad to 
McPherson's position on the south-east of Atlanta. 
McPherson had also been drawn closer in on the fortifica- 
tions in his front from the position he held the day before. 
About noon on the 22d the attack commenced. As the 
country was heavily wooded and broken, nothing could be 
seen or heard that an enemy was going to strike the rear of 
McPherson. Walker and Bates' divisions were in the ad- 
vance of the rebels, and Dodge's corps, of McPherson's 
army, was struck first. As soon as the firing commenced 
the corps and division commanders immediately went to the 
front of their commands and assisted in the fight. McPher- 
son went from corps to corps in his command to see that 
everything was in good shape for the fight. As he left 
Dodge's corps for Blair's corps he ran full into the skirmish 
line of Cleburne's advancing division. They called to him 
to surrender, but he wheeled about to gallop away when a 
volley was fired at him and he fell mortally wounded. No 
one was with him but an orderly, who was also shot and 
captured. 

The battle raged with terrible carnage for more than two 
hours, our men often fighting on both sides of their in- 
trenchments; but at last the assault was repulsed in spite of 
the repeated attacks of the rebel generals, who only increas- 
ed their loss without seriously imperilling the position of 
McPherson's army, which after the killing of McPherson, 
was commanded by John A. Logan. As night came on 
Hardee withdrew his troops to the ridge between Entrench- 
ment and Sugar creek. 

Here we might ask : Where was the cavalry of Garrard? 
Why were they absent from the left flank, enabling Hardee 
to approach the rear of McPherson without warning? The 
reason for the absence of Garrard was this: Sherman had 
received repeated warnings from Grant that the enemy was 
expecting to reinforce Hood by the Augusta railroad. On 



iith Indiana Battery. 75 



account of this warning Sherman had sent Garrard east- 
ward on the road to Covington to burn bridges, and destroy 
the railroad track. This was Garrard's work during his ab- 
sence from the left wing. 

a The losses of this battle were as follows: 

Union Army — 3521 killed, wounded and missing, with ten 
pieces of artillery. 

Confederate Army — 1000 dead delivered to flag of truce 
from one division in front of Blair's corps; 422 were buried in 
front of Dodge's corps; 700 in front of Logan's corps, and 
Blair estimated the number in front of his other divisions 
as many as those delivered under the flag of truce, making 
a total of 3200. 

2000 prisoners were taken of whom one-half were wound- 
ed; with these data, no ingenuity of figuring can reduce 
the enemies total loss below the 10,000, at which Logan put 
it. 

On the 2 1st our battery was ordered out of its breast- 
works at the Chattahoochee, where it had been left with 
some infantry to guard the crossing there, and early on the 
22d it was on the move toward Atlanta, crossing the stream 
at Pace's ferry. We were about midway between Atlanta 
and the crossing, (the distance from the crossing to Atlanta 
is nine miles) when the firing at the east end of the city 
commenced. We, with the other troops were halted on 
the road, where we were for about two hours, to await the 
results of the fighting, and here we were informed of the 
death of General McPherson. Toward evening we resum- 
ed our march and went into camp about two and one-half 
miles north of Atlanta, our guns were put in position about 
one-half mile further south, and threw up intrenchments. 
Our position was about one-half mile east of the Chatta- 
nooga-Atlanta Railroad. 

a Cox's History of the Atlanta Campaign. 



76 



History of the 



CHAPTER XVI. 




HERMAN having done all the damage 
on the Augusta railroad to the east 
towards Richmond that it was possi- 
ble for him to do, and not intending 
to hazard his communications by go- 
ing by the way of the east of Atlanta 
to the south of it in his purpose to de- 
stroy the last line of railroad left for 
Hood, he recalled the left wing of his 
army, moved it around the army of 
the Cumberland and extended his 
lines on the right of the army of the Cumberland, from the 
Chattanooga raiiroaci to Ezra church and trying from there 
to straddle the Atlanta and Westpoint railroad. Hood, de- 
termining the purpose of Sherman, did not like the idea so 
awfully well to get cooped up in Atlanta and therefore pre- 
pared for another slaughter. 

By July 25th, the railroad was repaired and trains were 
running to Thomas' camps; Col. Wright having rebuilt the 
bridge over the Chattahoochee river in six days. On the 
27th, the movements from the extreme left of the army to 
the extreme right by the army of the Tennessee com 
menced by successive corps, making Schofield for the time 
being the left wing. On the same day the cavalry from 
both wings were ordered on an expedition to destroy the 
Macon railroad. On the morning of the 28th, the last corps 
of the army of the Tennessee was in its position at Ezra 
church began intrenching as soon as in position. Being 
made cautious during the reign of Hood, Sherman ordered 
a division of 14th corps somewhat in the rear of the extreme 
right of Blair. 



iith Indiana Battery. 77 

Hood suffered so severely from his last attacks on 
Sherman, that his troops lost the relish for attacking 
Sherman's intrenchments. Hood selected for this 
assault General S. D, Lee's corps with two divisions of 
Stewart's corps in reserve. The enemy advanced with his 
usual bravery, but were repulsed; they were reformed and 
another advance made, but with no better results. Then 
Stewart moved his reserves to the assistance of Lee, and 
the general officers being determined on success, that to 
encourage their troops, they exposed themselves so much 
that Stewart, Loring, Brown and Johnson were ail wounded 
and disabled (on the 22d, the rebels in their fight had al- 
ready lost their General Walker). In the last attacks 
part of the enemy refused to advance against the union 
troops any more, and by night the enemy acknowledged 
themselves beaten and retreated. The carnage was awful 
in front of the union lines; it was estimated at over 5000. 

Several days afterward some of our pickets asked the 
rebel picket, "Well, Johnny, how many of you are left?" 
The Johnny replied, "O, about enough for another killing." 

Even Jefferson Davis was appalled at the results of these 
attacks and wrote Hood a letter on the 5th of August, 
"the loss consequent upon attacking Sherman in his in- 
trenchments requires you to avoid that if possible." All 
Hood's assaults were failures, and Johnston's policy of war- 
fare was quickly vindicated. 

On the 23d the battery was put in position as stated be- 
fore. In the evening we commenced firing into Atlanta, 
about two miles distant, every five minutes we threw in a 
shell; near midnight a fire broke out in Atlanta, caused by 
our shells. The 24th we continued our firing during the 
whole day and night. Of course we were not to fire with- 
out any opposition, and the enemy answered our fire with 
cannon and the sharpshooters were alert in our front as 
elsewhere. On this day Corporal Clossen was wounded by 
a spent ball in the breast, and a wheel horse of No. 1 gun 
had its leg broken by a cannon ball, which ball rolled into 



78 History of the 



our cook department and carried havoc among the dishes. 
During the whole night heavy cannonading was going on 
and many shells bursted in our neighborhood without doing 
any damage to us. We kept up our firing into Atlanta 
with occasional changes against some rebel works in our 
front. 

On the 25th George Rank was wounded by a piece of 
flange from a shell, which struck his hand and smashed the 
bones of the lower arm, so that his arm had to be amputat- 
ed at the elbow. A little to the left of our front the rebels 
had a fort; one of the guns in there had molested us a good 
deal and this day we succeeded in stopping its molestation. 
One of our guns got the range of that gun and was 
ready to fire as soon as the embrasure for that gun in the 
fort would open. The embrasure opening our gun was fired 
and struck the muzzle of the gun in the fort. That was 
the last of the gun annoying us; the embrasure was walled 
up with sand bags immediately. 

On the 30th the pickets in front of our battery surprised 
the rebel pickets opposite and captured 104 of them, and 
established themselves in their breastworks; the rebels 
opened with cannister on them, but they held the line. Our 
men had about fifty wounded and a few killed. Very live- 
ly artillery fire was kept up from both sides the rest of the 
day. 

The cavalry on its expedition toward Macon had destroy- 
ed a great deal of railroad, but were not as successful as it 
might have been, and General Sherman rated the usefulness 
of his cavalry rather low. 

The movement of the army of the Tennessee to the right 
was followed by the army of the Ohio, which moved to the 
right of the former on the 1st of August, and on the 2d 
intrenched his army on Utoy creek, and the refused wing of 
the army of the Tennessee was moved forward into line. 
Our line continually being moved toward the railroad, our 
men on the 6th discovered the well intrenched lines of the 
rebels and intrenched also. Our extreme right had been 



iith Indiana Battery. 79 



extended to Willis' mill, on the southern fork of Utoy 
creek. The 4th and 20th corps had advanced their skirmish 
lines, and the whole union army was about as close to the 
rebel fortifications as safely could be done, and Sherman de- 
termined to try the effect of heavier ordnance against the 
main fortifications and the city. 

On the 9th of August, Lieutenant Otto was ordered to 
take three <\ l / z inch Rodman rifle guns, which had just ar- 
rived from Nashville, in charge and move with them to the 
left of the 4th corps, about two miles east of the present 
position of the battery, behind breastworks which were in 
construction, lay platforms and get ready with them to fire 
into Atlanta. By noon of the next day the fourth of these 
guns arrived and we had our first battery again with which 
we started out on our first, on the Shiloh campaign, in 1862. 
These guns were manned by the first, second and fifth gun 
squads, the other squads attending to the Parrott guns in 
their old position. In the afternoon, ammunition having 
arrived, we got ready to commence our fire in the evening. 
The fourth of these guns, as we had only three embrasures 
built, was put in a battery a little to the right of our Parrott 
guns. During the night we fired out of these three guns, 
one round every five minutes, 260 rounds. About 9 p. m., 
these shells exploding, caused another big fire in the city, 
and as soon as this was noticed the infantry started a hurrah 
all along the line. During the night of the nth we fired 
241 rounds, and till noon of the 12th another 217 rounds, all 
the ammunition we had, except twenty-four rounds, which 
we kept for an emergency. 

During the night of the 12th, two of our Parrott guns 
bursted on account of incessant firing. 

We, having no ammunition, rested that night. Toward 
evening we received another supply and commenced firing 
again and sent 185 rounds into the city. During that night, 
all the artillery around Atlanta directed their fire into the city 
and by midnight another conrlagation started in the doomed 
city. On the 14th we expended 238 rounds and on the 



8o History of the 



15th, 316 rounds. There was a little fort in our front, about 
one mile distance from our position, and in this work the 
rebels hac 7 a light six pounder with which they fired once 
in a while toward our line but could not reach us, On this 
day I told CorporalKeller of No. 1 squad to silence that gun; 
the second shot went right through the embrasure, struck 
the limber chest and exploding it killed and wounded three 
of the rebels. Immediately after this embrasure was also 
walled up with sand bags. From the 16th and 17th we ex- 
pended 216 rounds, Early on the 17th I received an order 
to expend all ammunition on hand and be ready to move 
the next morning at 3 o'clock. About 4 a. m., on the 18th, 
the rebels opened with their cannon at our line; we had 
only four rounds left, which we sent into the fort. In the 
afternoon we received another supply and went to work to 
play quids. Until 7 a. m., on the 19th, we had another 188 
rounds expended. The next night we expended 226 rounds. 
By this time our guns were in such a condition that they 
were unsafe for further use. During the day we received 
two new 20 pound Parrott guns, and at 10 p. m. 294 rounds 
of ammunition for them. Till noon on the 21st we expend- 
ed all the 4^ inch ammunition on hand, 338 rounds. On 
the 22d we began firing out of the new Parrott guns, and 
sent, till next morning, 252 rounds into the rebel lines. 
During the 23d the other two 20 pounders were sent to our 
position and the 4^ inch guns returned. On the 24 we ex- 
pended yet 24 rounds, all the ammunition we had. After 
this I was ordered to take invoice and turn the four Parrott 
guns over to Battery K, 5th United States Artillery, which 
was complied with at 8 o'clock p. m. 

In our position here, from the 10th to the 24th of August, 
we had expended, with three gun squads, 3,010 rounds of 
ammunition in twelve days and nights. As during all this 
time we had had not much rest, a cessation of work was 
very thankfully received. 

On the 25th, in the morning, Lieutenant Otto, with the 
camp and the Rodman guns were ordered into the old posi- 



iith Indiana Battery. 8i 

tion across the Chattahoochee river. Captain S. went with 
the section of howitzers along with the army to Jonesboro. 
This actually ended the Atlanta campaign. 

How much ammunition our battery had expended during 
the late campaign, from Turner Hill to Atlanta I am unable 
to state, as I had no recourse to the campaign returns, and 
all I have stated is taken from my diary in closer connec- 
tion with my section of the battery. 



82 



History of the 




CHAPTER XVII. 

ENERAL SHERMAN kept extending 
his right till it covered Camp creek, 
southwest of Eastpoint, at which place 
the railroads forked. Up to this point 
the Atlanta and Westpoint, and Macon 
and Western railroads, run on a single 
track from Atlanta; Sherman's lines 
at Camp creek were within a mile of the Atlanta and West- 
point railroad, On the same day that Camp creek was 
reached, August 18th, General Kilpatrick, the great cavalry 
leader, was sent with a large division of cavalry to make a 
last break in the railroad from Atlanta south, crossing both 
roads, one at Fairburn and the other at Jonesboro, and do- 
ing- considerably damage to both; but Hood sent Jackson 
after him who spoiled Kilpatrick's fun. He went clear 
around Atlanta and done some splendid fighting, but no 
permanent break in the railroads were make. From the 
18th demonstrations were made all along the line, and on 
the right were pushed, on the 2ist, close to the forts in front 
of Eastpoint. 

Sherman being convinced now that with small expedi- 
tions to the south of Atlanta he could not interrupt the 
communications of Hood permanently, he concluded to re- 
sume his plan of a week ago; to intrench the 20th corps at 
the Chattahooche bridge and swing all the rest of his army 
to the south of Atlanta. 

Since the 14th the greater part of the rebel cavalry under 
Wheeler were operating on the railroad north of the Chat- 
tahoochee, but he was eventually driven off by General 
Steedman from Chattanooga, whence he marched into East 
Tennessee. 



iith Indiana Battery. 83 

As we have seen before, Sherman began his movement on 
the 25th. In the evening of the 27th, all the army, except 
the 20th corps, was between Atlanta and Sandtown. Hood, 
through his cavalry, watched the movements of our army 
very closely, and he jumped at the conclusion, that 
Wheeler's expedition had been successful and that Sher- 
man was retreating across the Chattahoochee, short of 
rations. To this conviction he adhered until it was too late 
to make new combinations to keep Sherman off from the 
railroad. On the 29th a great deal of the railroad was 
thoroughly destroyed, the ties burned, the rails twisted so 
that they could not be used again. On the 30th the whole 
army was between the railroads. The 23d corps 
had some skirmishes with the rebel cavalry, but no serious 
righting took place. As Hood's illusion of the flying enemy 
w r as dispelled, he ordered Hardee's and Lee's corps to 
Jonesboro to attack the union forces next day. About 3 p. 
m., on the 31st, Hardee moved against the army of the 
Tennessee. The attack was fierce, but had no weight nor 
persistency compared with former attacks; the rebels were 
repulsed in all their attacks and retired, leaving over 400 
dead on the field. At Rough and Ready station, on the 
Macon railroad, Stanley's and Schofield's corps discovered 
an intrenched line of the enemy; this was carried by a 
charge and a number of prisoners taken. A train of cars 
at this instance, coming from Atlanta, hearing the noise of 
battle, moved back to Atlanta and brought the news there 
that Sherman's infantry were moving northward, which re- 
port carried consternation all over the city. On the 31st 
of August Sherman held the railroad from Rough and 
Ready to near Jonesboro, with Hardee and Lee in posses- 
sion there; he knew also that in a short time he would have 
the whole rebel army before him. He therefore sent orders 
to Slocum directing him to be active in front of his position 
at the Chattahoochee and to enter Atlanta if possible. In 
the afternoon of this day, Sherman meeting Howard near 
Rough and Ready, was informed of the disappearance of 



^4 History of the 



Lee's corps and that Hardee alone was in front. -He at 
once ordered the concentration of the army of the Cumber- 
land, to capture, if possible, the isolated corps of Hardee. 
General Govan, on the right of Hardee, with nearly his 
whole brigade and two batteries, were captured, but dark- 
ness set in and put an end to further operations on Hardee 
that night. Over 300 of the enemy's dead were left on the 
field, and 865, with General Govan, surrendered, and the 
next day nearly a thousand, including wounded, left in the 
liospital by Hardee, were added to the list of captured. 

Hood in ordering Lee's corps back to Atlanta from Jones- 
lDoro had found out his mistake; now it was too late to save 
anything which had not been removed, and large trains of 
ordnance stores and other stores, numbering over eighty cars 
and six locomotives were destroyed by fire. The ordnance 
contained a large amount of loaded shells, the explosion of 
which could easily be heard at the Chattahoochee, and in 
the early morning of the 2d our troops took possession of 
the city, and the mayor of the city surrendered it to Colonel 
Coburn, who commanded the 2d brigade of 3d division, 20th 
corps. 

During that night Hardee, in front of Jonesboro, also 
'evacuated his lines, and on September 2d Hood assembled 
ihis army at Lovejoy station, about eight miles south of 
Jonesboro; Sherman following Hood's army developed it 
ithere by sharp skirmishing. 

As Atlanta was now definitely ours, Sherman ordered the 
withdrawal of the army from Lovejoy station to the vicini- 
ty of Atlanta; the army of the Cumberland occupying the 
•city, the army of the Tennessee encamped at Eastpoint, and 
•the army of the Ohio at Decatur. The cavalry covered the 
flanks and rear. 

In this position, the armies remained for a short time for 
rest and for the preparation of a new campaign. 

On the 5th of September, Captain Sutermeister, with the 
3d section of the battery, arrived at Atlanta and went into 
camp in the city; on the 10th the other pari of the battery, 



tith Indiana Battery. 85 



which had been left at the Chattahoochee river in charge of 
Lieutenant Otto, were ordered to report to Captain S., at 
Atlanta, and the battery was once more united after an in- 
termission of just one month. From now till September 
26th, we rested on our laurels in the camp at Atlanta; Gen- 
eral Sherman preparing for and laying out his "March to 
the Sea." 

General Thomas, with the army of the Cumberland, was 
ordered back to Chattanooga to take care of Hood, while 
Sherman with the other troops was to take the route to the 
"Sea" by way of Savannah. On the 27th we embarked our 
battery on the train enroute for Chattanooga, and arrived 
there on the morning of the 29th. Here we moved our bat- 
tery into Fort Milotzky, south of Cameron hill, a position 
that commanded the Tennessee river and Chattanooga val- 
ley. The day before we left Atlanta we were paid off for 
eight months, and not thinking it judicious, to be bothered 
with "so much money," we sent Lieutenant Jacobs to the 
rear, to Louisville, with our surplus money to send from 
there to our families and friends at home. 

All our duty during the whole month of October consist- 
ed of a little gun drill, guard mounting, inspection and' 
cleaning and repairing the harness, getting ready to turn 
everything over in good shape, when the time should come, 
and — bumming. On November 1st we turned over our bat- 
tery (guns and implements anc 7 ammunition) to a company- 
of heavy artillery, who had just arrived from the norths 
One little incident may find record here which shows the 
"importance" which new troops assume. We had our head- 
quarters in a roomy house within the fort (the former resi- 
dence of the owner, a Mr. Milotzky) and our successor, 
after having taken charge of the fort, demanded the quar- 
ters also. As we had no tents or anything else for shelter 
at that time, we refused to comply with his demand point 
blank, until he would produce orders from headquarters. 
The young captain got quite provoked at our refusal,, 
buckled on his sword and went straight to headquarters and 



86 History of the 



complained about our impudence in not complying with his 
request. Gen. Brannon, the chief of artillery, asked the young 
captain whether he had any tents, and answering in the 
affirmative, the General told him to use them and not mind 
our quarters; that we had camped out without tents for six 
long months, and the quarters were ours till ordered to 
vacate them. The young captain after this did not bother 
us any more about our quarters, but he felt very much hurt. 
We expected our orders for "discharge" during Novem- 
ber, but when they came it was two days too late. We re- 
ceived them on the 29th of November, and on the 28th 
Hood had cut the railroad track at Tullahoma. When 
would our release come now ? 



iith Indiana Battery. 



S7 



CHAPTER XVIII, 




HE Rebel General, Hood, after getting 
relieved of Atlanta, and getting whipped 
at Jonesboro, after gathering up what 
was left of his army, had a plan too. He 
would cut our communications north of 
Atlanta, and if followed by Sherman to 
draw him on to the Tennessee river and 
thus transfer the seat of war again into 
Tennesse. On October 3d the main 
body of his forces were at Lost Moun- 
tain, north of Marietta, and Stewart's corps was sent to de- 
stroy and capture Alatoona and the bridge over Etowah 
river. Stewart captured the small posts at Ackworth and 
Big Shanty, and sent French's division, with twelve pieces 
of artillery, against the rocky gorges of Alatoona. The 
garrison of Alatoona was a very small one, and with the re- 
inforcements brought in just the nick of time, by General 
Corse, from Rome, amounted to almost 2000 men. The 
fight was a fierce one, but he failed in his purpose. As 
Sherman's army was following Hood up, these assaults had 
to be made quick and if not successful at once had to 
be given up. 

Hood in part succeeded in his plan, but his success was 
very small; a few small garrisons captured and a few small 
bridges destroyed, which were rebuilt again in a day. But 
Sherman was not foolish enough in following Hood to 
vacate Atlanta. He left for the protection of the captured 
city and the bridgehead at the Chattahooche river, one of 
his corps, Sherman following up Hood to near Chattanooga, 
where Hood turned southward again, on the 16th, on to 



S8 History of the 



Gadsden, Ala. Here he met General Beauregard, and with 
him he planned future operations. 

Sherman's army went -back to Atlanta where he finished 
his preparations for the "March to the Sea." 

Hood's and Beauregard's plan was to attack with their 
combined forces Thomas' forces at Murfreesboro and Nash- 
ville, and if possible annihilate his army, but at any rate 
drive him out of Tennessee. As we have seen before, he 
cut Thomas' communication with Chattanooga at Tulla- 
homa on the 28th. For the next few days all available 
troops from Chattanooga were ordered to concentrate at 
Murfreesboro and Nashville, which was very strongly forti- 
fied. The union front stretched from Murfreesboro to 
Triune and Franklin. It took General Thomas some time 
to gather forces enough together to fight a successful bat- 
tle. The rebel forces attacked Franklin and Triune in the 
forepart of December and crowded the union forces from 
there on to Nashville. On the 18th, 19th and 20th of De- 
cember, General Thomas attacked and whipped the rebel 
army in front of Nashville and drove them back over the 
Duck river again. The losses in this fight to the rebel 
army were enormous, and Hood never revived again from 
the shock. 

On December 31st the first train left Chattanooga for 
Nashville, and on the 31st we left there for home. We 
were "shipped" in box cars without any stoves in them, and 
as the weather was very cold we suffered greatly till we ar- 
rived at Nashville. We were detained a great deal on the 
road so that we did not arrive at Nashville till the after- 
noon on the 1st of January, 1865. On the 2d, 4 p. m., we 
succeeded in getting on a train for Louisville, arriving there 
on the 3d, in the afternoon. At 9 o'clock in the evening 
we stepped on Indiana soil again, which event was celebrat- 
ed by three rousing cheers. 

The next morning, at 4 a. m., found us at Indianapolis, 
where we reported to the Adjutant General of the State, 
turned over our camp utensils, etc., made out our mustering 



iith Indiana Battery 89 

out rolls, and on the 7th of January were discharged and 
resumed civil life again. On the 9th the men were paid off 
and all left for home, sweet home. But not all the boys 
that went out with us came home with us again; a number 
of them were laid down to rest in the southern soil, crown- 
ed with the undying laurels of loyalty to their country and 
the flag. Another number, the veterns who re-enlisted, and 
those who enlisted in '62, '63 and '64, were transferred to 
the 7th and 18th Indiana batteries. To the 7th, 22 non- 
commissioned officers and privates; to the 18th, 65 non- 
commissioned officers and privates, who were discharged at 
the end of the war, in July, 1865. 

Comrades of the nth Indiana Battery, I have come to 
the end. Is it worth while to preserve the accounts of our 
organization and deliver them to our children ? Have we 
done our duty in maintaining the country and its flag 
against destruction ? I say emphatically '"yes." 

Statistics of the Battery. 

Enlisted and mustered December 17th, 1861,.. 70 

" " during 1862, 106 

1863 and 1864. . 58 
Died from sickness and wounds and killed in 

battle 31 

Deserted 3 



9 o 



History of the 



REMINISCENCES OF 




OHN McINTOSH, No. 3 gun, 2d section, 
nth Indiana Battery, enlisted Febru- 
ary 28th, 1862, at Fort Wayne, Indiana, 
with the following named persons : 

Hiram Congleton, L. J. Riley, Peter 
Gressley, Louis Gardner, James McNal- 
ly, Samuel Daugherty and Val. Seits, 
by Lieutenant Greene, and were mus- 
tered in at Indianapolis, March 3d, 
1862, left Indianapolis for Jeffersonville 
on the 3d, and arrived there on the 4th 
and crossed over to Louisville, Ky. Here we were put un- 
der guard for the first time in our lives. On the 5th we left 
Louisville for Nashville per boat down the Ohio and up 
the Cumberland rivers, and arrived at Nashville on the 8th, 
in the evening, and found the battery encamped at the 
Charlotte Pike, where the boys gave us a grand reception. 
The next day we drew our uniforms and donned the 
"blue," and were ready to obey our officers. As Lieutenant 
Otto has given our history the balance of the time * I want 
to add a few things of my own recollection. 

On the March to Shiloh, Christian Ouk had one of his 
feet smashed by one of the ammunition wagons; I was de- 
tailed^to take him back to the hospital, and arriving there 
we took each other by the hand and I started back to 
camp. I was young and had been in service but a short 
time, and of course every object I saw on the way back 
was a rebel; it was getting late and I was in a hurry. Look- 



*Referring to the historical sketch of the battery read by Lieu- 
tenant Otto at the first reunion, at Fort Wayne, Ind., October 4, 1883. 



iith Indiana Battery. 91 



ing ahead I saw two men in the road, and of course I 
thought they must be rebels; I had to pass them, and I got 
ready for them, revolver in hand; but when I came close to 
them I recognized Bob McKee and Eph. Goodwill, loaded 
with "Bob," you know what this was. This was the first 
time I got ready to fight rebels, but not the last. As we 
passed through Columbia, Tenn., I shall ever remember 
the words of an old darkey, who stood in the street patting 
his hands together and crying out: "Bress the Lord, bfess 
the Lord, the Yanks am hea; bress the Lord, youns all look 
like weens do." All you comrades remember, that while 
being on this march, we had some very hard times. After 
crossing Indian creek one of our guns got mired and we 
could not extract it that night. It had been raining hard 
in the afternoon and evening, and to make a dry resting 
place, Sam Daugherty and I went to a fence and laid rails 
down on the ground and covered them with our blankets, 
then laid rails from the top of the fence down to the ground 
for a roof with our oilcloths as a cover — so we had a very 
good bed to sleep considering the circumstances. During 
the latter part of the night I woke up and found Sam in 
the act of setting fire to our bed. I don't know where he 
got the fire from, but he had it. I spoke to him and found 
him asleep — what could have happened if I had not woke 
up I do not pretend to figure out. 

On the day the infantry left us double quick for Shiloh, I 
remember some of the 44th Indiana boys helping to pull 
our guns out of the mud before they left us; our guns 
weighed 1700 pounds a piece, and were drawn by ten 
horses. As we could not follow the infantry in their "dou- 
ble quick," we were left behind without any support what- 
ever. All the small arms we had consisted ot revolvers 
and sabres, and these belonged to the officers. When night 
came and we went into camp, in an enemy's country, our 
officers began to take in the surroundings and concluded 
it was not safe without having out pickets; but a gun weigh- 
ing 1700 pounds was not a very handy thing on a picket 



9 2 History of the 



post. As our officers were consulting each other as to the 
best means of defence, and no doubt trusting in the good 
Lord for help, the wagon train of the 17th and 19th regulars 
went into camp close by, and our officers made arrange- 
ments with the officers in command of the train to put out 
pickets around our camps; they were to furnish a few guards 
and all the °;uns and ammunition. Captain S. called for 
volunteers to go on picket guard, and I remember yet a 
few of the boys names, to-wit : John Koons, Ephr. Good- 
will, Sam Shoaff, Bob McKee, and others I don't recollect. 
Lieutenant Tons was officer of the guard. Sam Shoaff's 
post was on a road north of the camp; we were to march at 
4 a. m. in the morning; the pickets were relieved at 3 
o'clock; but Sam Shoaff was missing. We thought he had 
been captured; but before we left camp Sam turned up all 
right, He was asked where he had been when the pickets 

o 

were relieved; and answered, that he had moved his post 
further out, for said he, I heard a rooster crow, and he 
crowed like he was for the union, and I thought he ought 
to be inside the picket line." Sam was a very thoughtful 
boy, even if he was crosseyed; but at times those eyes would 
lead him into paths of danger. 

At Shiloh I took very sick, and while life lasts I shall never 
forget the kindness shown me by Hiram Congleton, Sam 
Dougherty, James Shaffer and Bob. McKee. Here I drank 
my first glass of lemonade made from oranges and water 
given for glanders and diarrhoea; this prescription was given 
by S. Daugherty and H. Congleton. 

After a while we found ourselves on the right of Pope, 
close to Corinth, where the Jonnies fired balls at us the size 
of hen's eggs. After the evacuation of Corinth, June 1st, 
I was in Corinth, where I saw barrels of sugar, molases, 
beans, tobacco, flour, and all kinds of provisions. I got 
some of the flour and brought it to camp, where we made 
some pretty good buiscuits out of it; at the same time got 
a rebel cap, and have it yet, and expect to keep it as long 
as I live. 



iith Indiana Battery. 93 

At Stevenson, Ala., Henry Newcomer, Sam Cairns and 
myself, were detailed on a scouting expedition. We went 
down on the Tennessee river, and found at a landing rebel 
guards on the opposite side of the river; going down to an 
old house close to the bank of the river I tried to hold a 
conversation with the rebel guards, offering to trade coffee 
for tobacco; but could get no answer. I went back to the 
other boys and we started further down the river, where we 
found a peach orchard and plenty of fine peaches; the next 
thing we found was a timbered island in the river and also 
rebel cavalry. Don't you forget, we did not ask those fel- 
lows to trade with us, but done some sly creeping in those 
woods to the rear; they were too heavy loaded for us three. 
We gathered what information we could obtain by sight 
and returned to the peach orchard, and after taking all we 
could carry, returned to camp and reported what we had 
seen. The next night Newcomer went back to this island 
and was on it; and there he found rebel cavalry camped; he 
wanted me to go along, but I could not as I had another 
trip planned; but Bragg going into Kentucky at this time 
spoiled my plan, as we had to follow him. 

At Nashville Lieutenant Tons commanded the camp of 
the drivers and animals at the fair ground stables. Sergeant 
Stratton was a great smoker and chewer of tobacco, and so 
was Lieutenant Tons. Stratton often called at the Lieuten- 
ant's tent to have a social smoke or pleasant chew out of the 
Lieutenant's store of tobacco. It seems that Stratton's visits 
were too long or too often, so the Lieutenant salted his 
fine cut one day. Stratton said Lieutenant Tons salted his 
tobacco to keep it from spoiling — but the facts are he salted 
it to keep Stratton from using it all up; but it seemed as if 
Stratton liked it all the better for being salted. After that 
the Lieutenant hid his tobacco. The Sergeant will re- 
member this as well as the circus drill en Vinegar hill. 
Comrades, do you remember the fine target gains we had 
in the old stable ? I mean those that caused Tons so much 
trouble. 



94 



History of the 



I remember one day being with a foraging party north- 
east of Nashville; I had charge of the guards that day. We 
filled our wagons with corn in the ear, and when we came 
close to the pike the teams were ordered to hurry up and 
corrall, guards double quick to the front; and here let me 
say, that the nth boys were there in their places, and you 
will mind the wild shooting those fellows on the "other 
side" did; wild shooting never scared the Yankee boys, and 
we got back to camp all right. 

The next time we went south on the pike, to a town, I do 
not remember the name, and the rebels objected to our 
foraging; but we did not listen to their objections and en- 
tered the town, but it cost some of the boys their lives. 
There was a mill there where I got two bushels of rye for 
coffee, and it was put in Eph. Goodwill's wagon. There 
were about fifty wagons along this time and well guarded 
for successful foraging, and besides what we needed, we 
took a good many things that were not strictly "forage," 
such as turkeys, chickens, hogs, sheep, etc. The wagons 
were loaded with flour, bacon, corn, etc., with a good quan- 
tity of the "extras for future use." The boys who were 
along with the train felt cheerful, and made calculations of 
what a glorious time they would have to-morrow; the hard 
times we had had at Nashville were forgotten, and only the 
bright future, with the things we had foraged, was dwelt up- 
on. But, there is many a slip betwixt the cup and the lip. 
The officers of the expedition had seen the boys hiding all 
the "goodies," and they were left in the cold — I mean the 
officers, and so they concluded to have their own "deal." 
The train was stopped and a guard was ordered to search 
the wagons for "contraband." Of course, there was a 
good many "long faces;" but lots of that "contraband" 
was made invisible, so the guards could not find it. Our 
wagons were loaded with corn, and as soon as we smelt the 
"mice" our treasures were hidden under the corn and they 
escaped the lynx eyes of the searchers. I had in Good- 
will's wagon, hid away, my porker and two bushels of rye 



iith Indiana Battery. 95 



for coffee. As the wagon came up to the searchers it was 
halted and inspected, but nothing found, and "pass on" was 
the word. 

Now comrades, can you imagine how fast I wanted to go 
to the camp ? And I was not the only boy that wanted to 
get away from those fellows with the shoulder-straps and 
those with the bayonets. I think it was a very unkind act 
taking those things away from the boys, and some of them 
said things in this connection that would not sound nice in 
a Sabbath School. But we arrived in camp safe and sound, 
and I had my coffee regular for a long time, and if you don't 
believe it ask John Koons. 

At Bridgport, Ala., the 2d section boys presented a sabre 
to Lieutenant C. R. Scott, who took charge of the 2d section 
at this time. While in Lookout Valley, Sam Dougherty, 
myself and some other comrade, were sent out after horses 
one day, and on a plantation we found some that just suited 
us. While we were bridling them, the women were ask- 
ing a blessing on us boys that did not sound very much 
like a blessing, and I must say, that up to this time, that 
blessing has not in the least verified itself. Well, such is 
war. 

I will endeavor now to state the part taken in the Chica- 
mauga battle by No. 3 gun squad, 2d section, commanded 
by Lieutenant C. R. Scott : 

Sergeant, D. Philabaum; Corporal, John Mcintosh; No. 1, 
Well. Clossen; No. 2, W. Hoke; No. 3, Pat. McMahon; No. 
4, A. J. Cathrell; No. 5, Henry Caldwell; No. 6, John Telly, 
(preparing ammunition.) Our position was in the center 
between the 1st and 3d section, in an open field, the ground 
elevated somewhat in front; we were halted about the center 
of the field and prepared for action. For the first rounds 
we fired some spherical case, short fuze; next called for 
double charge of cannister; this stopped the on-coming 
rebels some-what and we felt pretty good over our work. 
My gun was getting warmed up a little, and I said to No. 3, 
Pat, hold the vent tight; when Pat replied, "Be God I'll 



■g6 History of the 



hould it till me thumb comes off;" but the time changed, 
No. 4 was wounded and we were short .one man. Henry 
Caldwell done the work for two men. No. 2 also got 
wounded and so I was left with three men at the gun and 
one at the limber preparing ammunition. The infantry re- 
treated, but we got no orders to retreat and so kept on 
firing. Soon Phil. Sheridan rode past John Hobbs, a cais- 
son driver, and asked, "What battery is that? John replied, 
"nth Indiana. Sheridan then said, as he passed by, "Good 
bye nth battery." This John Hobbs told me in Chatta- 
nooga after the fight. "Limber to the front" was now or- 
dered by the Sergeant, but I knew this meant "turn your 
gun over to the rebels" and also the brave boys that were 
willing to sacrifice their lives rather than give up the old 
gun that had done such good execution for us. I gave the 
command, "Limber to the rear;" this Hiram Jarvis, who 
was lead driver on the limber, obeyed, John Mcintosh and 
H. Caldwell lifted the trail and Well Clossen and Pat 
McMahon took hold of the wheels and limbered up. In 
the excitement the limberchest lid had been left open, 
which I shut on the run. We went over a fence into the 
the edge of a woods and had to drive over logs, then up hill 
we went, following the other troops. 

About half way up the hill I met Captain S., who said to 
me, "Johnny, that's rough." I said yes, and passed on after 
the gun. On top of the hill the troops were reformed and 
we were ordered to unlimber; but the rebels not following 
us the order was countermanded. Here we learned the loss 
of our 3d section. 

From here we were ordered to retreat further into the 
woods, and going down hill the driver struck a tree and 
broke the tongue of the carriage. The Sergeant wanted to 
leave the gun, but we told him to go after the caisson for 
the extra tongue. In the meantime we took the prolonge 
and hitched the horses on this and guided the gun in its 
movement as best we could. We got about half a mile in 
this way when the Sergeant came back with the tongue, 



iith Indiana Battery. 



97 



which we put in, hitched on the horses and followed the 
troops, who had taken the Dry Valley road towards Chatta- 
nooga. Soon we were stopped and held as rear guard that 
night, and rejoined the rest of the battery in the afternoon 
of the 21st. 

Now, I must say, that No. 3 squad done their work well, 
for when we fired those double charges of cannister, we saw 
the rebel ranks open and close to be opened by the next 
shot again. The rebels opened on us with a battery to our 
left, but did us no damage. 

Now comrades, let me say for one who knows, that on 
20th of September, 1863, the minnie balls and shells fell 
faster and thicker around me than at any other time during 
my three years service. The wounded and dead were lay- 
ing thick to the left of our gun where the infantry lines 
were. 

The first day's fight at New Hope church, the 2d section 
went into position on open ground in front of the works of 
Buckskin's (Dilger's) battery, on a hill; the limbers were 
left down the hill. Jack Demorest was No. 5 on No. 3 gun 
and had a long distance to carry ammunition, but he always 
got there on time; but that night he went to the hospital 
and never returned. Dead, but not forgotten. That night 
No. 1 and 3 guns went to the left in a valley; here we work- 
ed all night throwing up breastworks. At daylight the 
rebels opened on us, but it was to their sorrow, for we had 
the pleasure of dismounting a gun apiece. I often think of 
B. McGrady's words at this place, "John fetch Boiler.'" 
Lieutenant Ehlers said, "How is that for high when we 
silenced a four gun battery in our front. John Keller, (ist 
gun) was playing on a battery to the right and had the same 
good luck. 

Sam. Daugherty was very sick, he had the glanders and 
couldn't eat. We camped close to the river. I heard it 
said that clams were like oysters, and I got some and boiled 



98 History of the 



them in an old pan, without salt or pepper, or milk, as the 
cows had not come up yet; but I thought I had as good a 
dish of soup as anybody. But Sam. did not like it, then he 
took a clam but could not eat it, said it was too tough; he 
said, next time try your hand on sole-leather for soup; this 
discouraged me: but Sam. got better, whether it was £he re- 
sult of the clam soup or the thought of having to eat the 
sole-leather soup. I would have cured him at all events 
before I would lose my reputation as a cook. I would buy 
a steer, have the hide tanned, and have soup made out of it 
for him if necessary. 

From the position we had before Kenesaw mountain, 
where Lieutenant Otto was wounded, we moved further to 
the right, and took position in the night, as it was very 
close to the rebel lines. Here it was that our howitzers 
done their hard work, shelling the woods in our front in 
which the rebels swarmed; here the rebel pickets told our 
pickets that they were coming over to get that d — d bat- 
tery that made them so uncomfortable. Here we took part 
in the heavy cannonading against the rebel lines before the 
infantry charged their fortified lines. The next time we 
engaged the rebels just before they crossed the Chattahoo- 
chee river; our battery took position on a hill which gov- 
erned the river bridge and the rebel lines guarding it. To 
tease the rebels, Sam. Kelker and I hoisted our battery flag, 
and the rebels were fools enough to try and shoot it down; 
but they did not do it. They run their own flag up on a 
flagstaff in the fort that No. 3 gun was firing at, and some 
of the boys will remember that we dismounted it the ninth 
shot, with a twenty pound solid shot. 

One afternoon, Sam. Daugherty, Wm. McGrady and my- 
self went out on the picket line, and some of the infantry 
boys gave us their guns. The intrenchments behind which 
the rebs were, were made out of rails, and for awhile we 
made the slivers fly lively; this was our first experience on 
picket as infantrymen. We got back to our fort safe. The 



iith Indiana Battery 



99 



captain wanted to know where we had been, and we told 
him "on picket;" then he said, I will draw some carbines for 
you and send you over the river with the infantry to-mor- 
row, then you will get enough of picketing; we said it was 
all right, but he did not get the guns. 

General Sherman came to our battery the first day we 
occupied our works in front of Atlanta, and told the Captain 
to open on the city at 4 o'clock, and from that time it seem- 
ed almost a continuous battle. We had our ammunition 
in our works, covered with a tarpaulin, and one Sunday two 
Irish bridge builders came to our battery to see the big 
guns, and asked Pat McMahon if they could see one of the 
balls, and Pat answered, "Yes, if yeas have eny tobaccer." 
The tobacco was handed out and Pat slipped it under the 
tarpaulin at the same time handing a ball to the gunner and 
the gun fired off. The discharge of the gun so bewildered 
those two men that they left without getting their tobacco 
back; the boys called to them to wait, but Pat said, "Let 
them go to the devel, I have the baccer,"and he started the 
"plug" around, but it never returned to Pat. 

I recollect one day the rebels tried to silence our battery 
and hit the works nine time; they gave No. 1 gun a very 
close call by burying a shell in the embrasure, also one in 
No.3's embrasure. I aftenvards dug the shell out and made 
a finger ring out of the fuze plug. Well, Clossen was wound- 
ed here. With all their close firing the rebs did not suc- 
ceed in silencing our guns. Standing behind a pine tree in 
rear of No. 3 gun, to observe the results of our shots, one 
day, a rebel shell exploded near by, which explosion affect- 
ed my hearing, but did not do any other damage. Here 
one day Nos. 3 and 4 guns bursted, the one by a shell ex- 
ploding before it left the muzzle of the gun, tearing the 
embrasure all to pieces; the other was damaged through in- 
cessant firing. I can almost hear Andrew Yakey yet hallow- 
ing, thinking he was buried alive — the destruction of the 
embrasure throwing the dirt all over him. One evening 
while we were eating our crackers and drinking our coffee. 



ico History of the 



the rebels opened on us with a 64 pounder, the ball' hitting 
our works and filling L. J. Riley's coffee cup full of dirt. 
Lab was very mad about that and quite a lively duel took 
place for some time between our gun and the rebel gun. 
For the disabled guns we received two new ones and made 
it hot for the rebels. 

Being back at Chattanooga again, I remember how "Sin- 
gle-Eyed Dick, or the Scout of Bull Rapids," passed his 
time; he had a trout line set in the Tennessee river and 
furnished the army with fish — if you don't believe this, ask 
Stratton. 

Our time not having expired when the battery was mus- 
tered out, the following from No. 3 gun were transferred to 
the ;th Indiana Battery: L. J. Riley, L. Gardner, H. Con- 
gleton, J. McNally, P. Gressley, Sam Daugherty and my- 
self. We drew muskets, stood guard and drilled with 
infantry tactics four hours a day. On the 3d of march, 1865, 
we were discharged at Chattanooga, Tenn. Before we left, 
we heard that the railroad was torn up between Murfrees- 
boro and Lavergne. We arrived at Murfreesboro on the 
4th and left on the 5th on foot, but becoming footsore, we 
paid a man $2 apiece to wheel us nine miles on a hand car. 
We left Nashville on the 6th and were paid off at Louisville 
on the 7th. On the 8th we passed over into Indiana again, 
at the same place we crossed three years before, minus only 
one in number. All of our squad that enlisted in 1862, ex- 
cept one, are alive to-day. When we meet at our 
reunions we forget our aches and pains and call each other 
"boys" again, as during '61 to '65 we were boys; now we 
are "the boys," that is, all that wore the blue, honorable 
while life lasts. I will honor and respect the brave officers 
that led us in our battles. 

I might relate many other incidents, some of our hard- 
ships at Chattanooga, but I will close by joining in with 
Lieutenant Otto* in three rousing cheers for Captain Suter- 
meister, and will ask that those cheers include Lieutenants 
Otto, Williams, Jacobs and McKinley. 

John McIntosh, 
Late Corporal, nth Indiana Battery. 
* See foot not epa«e 90. 



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CONTENTS, 



page 

Introduction 3 

Preface 5 

Part I, Chapter 1 — Enlisting andorganizing 7 

Chapter 2 — From Camp Morton to Pittsburg Landing. . 9 
Chapter 3 — Shiloh, Corinth to Nashville, with an out- 
line of Stoneriver fight 13 

Part II, Chapter 4 — Murfreesboro, reorganizing army, 

picket duty, Eaglesville, Triune, Franklin, Springhill, 21 

Chapter 5 — Around Franklin, Tennessee 24 

Chapter 6 — Murfreesboro, Tullahoma, Cowan Station,.. 27 

Chapter 7 — Across Cumberland Mts. to Bridgeport, Ala. 32 

Chapter 8 — Across Tennessee river, up Lookout Mount., 
Alpine, Lee and Gordon's Mill 35 

Chapter 9 — Battle of Chicamauga, Sept. 20, 1863 39 

Chapter 10 — From Chicamauga to Chattanooga 45 

Chapter n — Lieutenant Otto, with 20th Ohio Battery.. 49 
Part III, Chapter 12 — Enlistments, funerals, veteran re- 
enlistments, the new outfit 53 

Chapter 13 — Tunnel Hill, Buzzard Roost, Dalton, Re- 

sacca, Dallas, New Hope church 55 

Chapter 14 — Ackworth, Lost, Pine and Kenesaw Moun- 
tains, Big Shanty, Marietta, Hospital 62 

Chapter 15 — Railway Repair Service. At Chattahooche 
river, crossing the river, closing in onto Atlanta, Vin- 
ing's Station, Peachtree Creek, death of General 
McPherson 69 



Pap"e 

Chapter 16 — Shelling of Atlanta, Ezra church, General 
Hood's policy, movement to the right, Utoy creek, 
Heavy Ordnance, back to the Chattahoochee 76 

Chapter 17 — Eastpoint, Jonesboro, Rough and Ready 
Station, Evacuation of Atlanta, back to Chattanooga, 
Hood's exployds, waiting for our discharge 82 

Chapter 18— Cooped up at Chattanooga, Hood and 
Thomas before Nashville, Hood's "finis," back to 
Tndiana, Muster out 87 

Statistics 89 

Reminiscences of Lieutenant Henry M. Williams ...... 39 

Reminiscences of Corporal John Mcintosh 90 

Muster Roll 101 



&3H