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Full text of "The history of the 39th U. S. Infantry during the World War"

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VHAT follows is a modest at- 
tempt to set forth in a crude way 
\the part the THIRTY-NINTH 
INFANTRY played in the World War. 
Numerous photographs and sketches are 
reproduced with the hope that they will 
recall to mind in after years many of the 
lighter as well as the more serious expe- 
riences undergone. All sketches are by 
Lieutenant Carlos Harrison, Thirty- 
ninth Infantry. Photographs of our 
troops in action and on the march were 
made by the Eighth Field Signal Bat- 
talion and are published by permission of 
the Signal Corps. 

Robert B. Cole, 

Major, Thirty-ninth Infantry 

• Barnard Eberlin, 

Captain, Thirty-ninth Infantry 

Editors 



M138803 



COPYRIGHTED IN NINE- 
TEEN HUNDREDNINETEEN 
by COL. FRANK C. BOLLES, U. S. A. 
COMMANDING THE THIRTY- 
NINTH INFANTRY IN ACTION 
DURING THE WORLD WAR 





National and Regimental Colors 




THE TEX FOLLOWING CHAPTERS 

BRIEFLY DESCRIBE THE EFFORTS OF 

THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY 

IN THE WORLD WAR 



First Edition 




The Thirty-ninth in the 
United States 

THE Thirty-ninth Regiment of Infantry is not an old organ- 
ization — its history does not go back to the days of the Civil 
or Spanish-American Wars. Its fame, glory and reputa- 
tion was solely made by the officers and men who had been as- 
sociated with the Regiment since its birth during the World 
War. In fact the Thirty-ninth Infantry is just a little over two 
years old, having been officially organized on June i, 1917, at 
the State Fair Grounds, Syracuse, New York. In compliance 
with instructions from the War Department, the Thirtieth U. S. 
Infantry was divided into three parts; one remaining with the 
parent organization, and the other two forming skeletons for the 
Thirty-eighth and the Thirty-ninth Regiments respectively. 
Colonel A. P. Buffington, of the Thirtieth, retained command of 
the three organizations until regimental commanders were desig- 
nated for the two new regiments. In the middle of July Colonel 
William C. Bennett became Regimental Commander of the 
Thirty-ninth Infantry. The Regiment was at first comprised 
of only a few officers and men, consequently its early days were 
devoted to organization. As recruits arrived, the strength of the 
Thirty-ninth increased to an average of three officers and sixty 
men per company, and preliminary training was commenced and 
continued throughout the summer months. 

On October 27th, the Regiment entrained for Camp Greene, 
near Charlotte, N. C, arriving there on October 30th. After 
getting settled, training was immediately resumed, although the 
shortage of officers and men retarded the progress materially. At 
the close of the Second Officers' Training Camps a full quota of 
officers was assigned to the Regiment, but the enlisted personnel 
still remained far below the authorized strength. 

1 1 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IX THE WORLD WAR 

In December, 1917, the War Department directed this Regi- 
ment to become a part of the Seventh Infantry Brigade, Fourth 
Division, which was then in the process of organization at Camp 
Greene. Little did we realize then what an important part the 
Thirty-ninth Infantry was to play in the Great War, not only as 
a unit of the Ivy Division, but acting independently as well. 
However, the wonderful spirit of pride in the organization and 
determination to succeed w T as evidenced by all ranks from the 
start, and with such a spirit the Regiment was carried through its 
hard period of organization and training, and its subsequent 
glorious career at the battle front. 

The early period of training was handicapped in numerous 
ways. The winter of 191 7- 19 18 at Camp Greene was one of the 
coldest on record in that section of the country. The officers and 
men lived in tents, and the camp was practically a sea of sticky 
mud throughout the winter and spring. In consequence, little 
could be accomplished in the way of training, except indoor 
instruction. 

Specialists' schools were established throughout the Division, 
and instructors from the American and Allied armies conducted 
courses in the special w r eapons used in this war. Officers and 
non-commissioned officers attended these schools, and later in- 
structed their own units in the various specialties. Several 
officers were also sent to the Infantry School of Arms, at Fort 
Sill, Oklahoma, where extensive courses in infantry arms were 
taught, and the successful graduates of this school later became 
instructors in the Division and Regimental schools. However, 
the Regiment remained far below the authorized strength until 
early in March, 191 8, when troops from almost every National 
Army camp in the country arrived and were assigned to the 
Regiment; when we sailed overseas the Thirty-ninth was com- 
posed of men from every State in the Union. 

On April 9, 1918, Colonel Frank C. Bolles arrived from the 
Hawaiian Islands and assumed command of the Regiment. The 
usual spirit, energy and force, which are so characteristic of the 
Colonel, were immediately taken up by all ranks, and the mold 
of the Thirty-ninth was cast. The result is now known to all — 
our Regiment is the Army's finest. 

The persistent rumors which had been in circulation for some 
time — that the Fourth Division was to sail overseas — began to 
materialize in the middle part of April, when steps were taken to 
prepare the Regiment for the big journey, and towards the latter 

12 



THE THIRTY- NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

part of the month the glad news had been made known that move- 
ment orders were actually received. On April 26th and 27th the 
Regiment entrained for Camp Mills, L. I., N. Y., arriving there 
at the end of a thirty hour journey. On April 29th an ad- 
vance party of officers and non-commissioned officers from the 
Regiment sailed from Hoboken, some as our advance agents, 
who met us on our arrival in France; others to attend various 
specialists' schools, who rejoined us a few months later. 

During our stay at Camp Mills we received replacements, 
eliminating men who were for physical or other reasons unfit for 
overseas service; drew new clothing and equipment, and made 
final preparations for the trip across. The officers and men were 
granted permission to visit New York, and many of them saw 
that great city for the last time for many months to come — and 
some forever. 

At six o'clock in the evening of May 8th, "I" Company and 
the Supply Company sailed from Hoboken on board the Es- 
pagne, and exactly two days later the remainder of the Regiment 
cleared the same port, Regimental Headquarters, Headquar- 
ters Company and Machine Gun Company aboard the Duca 
D'Aosta, First and Second Battalions on the Dante Alghieri, and 
the Third Battalion (less "I" Company) on the Lenope. An 
interesting fact of this trip of the Duca D'Aosta was that it was 
an Italian boat, in charge of the U. S. Navy, fitted out by Eng- 
lish contractors, transporting American troops, with an infantry 
colonel (Colonel Bolles) in command of troops of an artillery 
regiment. The Sixteenth Field Artillery which accompanied 
us on this trip proved to be very pleasant companions, and the 
cordial relationship then established ripened into mutual ad- 
miration and friendship between the two regiments. It was this 
same regiment which was to give us such gallant support in the 
actions in which both regiments took part later. 

As the ships silently left their berths, the troops stayed below 
decks, undoubtedly occupied with mingled feelings and thoughts 
of the past, present, but more than anything else — the future. 
They were off towards the Great Adventure, and as the dark, 
sinister hulls gained speed, moving quietly over the waters east- 
ward, the first phase of the existence of the Thirty-ninth Infantry 
came to a close, and henceforth we became a part of the now 
famous American Expeditionary Forces. 

13 




xv\ r 



Chaptkp. II 




Our Early Days in France 

WE were very fortunate in having had excellent weather 
during our entire trip across the Atlantic, and sea-sick- 
ness was confined to but a few men. Life aboard ship 
was far from strenuous, in fact it was a vacation for us, who had 
spent months in intensive training under very trying conditions, 
and were to spend many more under actual battle conditions in 
France. Lifeboat and fire drills were held daily, and occasion- 
ally several times per day. Every officer and man was assigned 
to a lifeboat or a liferaft, and when the signal for either boat or 
fire drill was given, every one would go by the most direct route 
to his proper station. Some of our men took turns as assistants 
to the officers on watch and proved to be considerable help 
to the ship's tired crew. Within a few days every one was well 
accustomed to the routine life aboard our transports. 

From the time we cleared New York harbor each of us 
found a new and inseparable companion in the form of a life 
preserver, which we wore all day and kept close at hand during 
our sleep. No lights of any sort were allowed to be shown on 
ship at night, hence all port holes, doors., etc., were carefully 
closed or screened, and smoking on decks at night was prohibited. 
All these precautions were absolutely necessary, for we were 
crossing a huge body of water infested with enemy submarines, 
and all ranks realized that their first objective was France. 

The great convoy of transports, artfully camouflaged, made 
a wonderful sight during the day on account of the various 
formations assumed from time to time, and a very impressive ap- 
pearance in the darkness of the night. Hour after hour, and day 
after day, on we went towards our, then as yet unknown, destina- 
tion. We did not know whether we were to land in England or 
in France, but happy we were at the fact that each hour was 
bringing us closer to the battlefields. 

IS 



THE THIRTY- NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



When we entered what was known as the "Danger Zone" 
we were required to wear our life preservers at all times, and not 
to undress when retiring. Very soon after we entered this zone 
the U. S. Cruiser West Virginia, which convoyed us thus far, 
was relieved by a few American destroyers. Upon the appear- 
ance of these small but powerful and speedy boats a feeling of 
relief permeated all ranks, and many a soldier on board the 
transports, who in the quietness of his home town had doubts as 
to the necessity of a large and powerful navy, had now all such 
doubts removed. The performances of these "Sea Dogs" demon- 
started to us one of the many important duties, and the won- 
derful efficiency of our Navy. Later on several more of these 
destroyers met us, and we then entered on the final stage of our 
journey. 

The entire voyage was quite uneventful, and it proved a 
pleasant disappointment to us not to have encountered enemy 
submarines. A little after midnight on May 22nd, the troops 
aboard the Duca D'Aosta experienced a submarine scare. When 
the alarm was given the monotony of the boat drills was well re- 
warded by the magnificent manner in which every one went to 
his post quietly but quickly. There was no noise or confusion, 
each man knew his job and was prepared for it, but the alarm 
proved to be unfounded, and the doughboys went back to sleep. 
However, the discussions overheard the following day were very 
amusing, and some of the men's imaginations went so far as to 
believe that they had actually seen the submarine plunge into the 
deep for the last time, crew and all. 

Our exultations reached the climax when friendly balloons 
and aeroplanes welcomed us and when we caught the first 
glimpse of the shores of France. Our dangerous journey across 
the Atlantic was nearing its end — and we were at last to set foot 
on the native soil of Lafayette. 

All vessels transporting the Thirty-ninth Infantry arrived at 
Brest on May 23rd, except the fast Espagne, which had already 
docked at Bordeaux on May 18th. Our arrival in France was 
saddened by the death of Private First Class James L. Cannon, 
of "B" Company, aboard the Dante Alghieri on May 24th, by 
cause of pneumonia, and at this early stage of our stay in France 
we laid him to rest in Brest. 

After spending two days in a rest camp near Pontanezan 
Barracks (on the outskirts of Brest), the Regiment (less "I" 
Company and the Supply Company), entrained for Calais. 

16 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



GETTING "OVER THERE" - 




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17 



THE THIRTY -XI NTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

During this journey a German aeroplane dropped two bombs 
near one of our trains. Fortunately none of our troops suffered 
casualties from this raid. Sergeant Stanley Norozny, of the 
Machine Gun Company, however, has a pleasant recollection 
of this affair, for a fragment of an anti-aircraft shell came 
through the roof of his car and penetrated his mess kit. 

We arrived at Calais early in the morning on May 28th, and 
marched to an English rest camp on the outskirts of the city, 
where we were cordially and comfortably received by the British 
authorities. At this camp we turned in to the Quartermaster 
surplus clothing, and personal property was placed in barrack 
bags for storage. As we were to be brigaded with the British, 
our own rifles and bayonets were exchanged for British Lee- 
Enfield rifles and British bayonets. We also went through lach- 
rymatory gas chambers and tested out our new British gas masks, 
which each man had carefully fitted to him by old war veterans. 

At Calais we were afforded an opportunity to see the effects 
of war, and of a modern war such as this one. Many buildings 
were ruined by aeroplane bombs, and it being a favorite city for 
air raids, not a few enemy bombing planes came over at nights 
and raided the city and vicinity. The anti-aircraft guns were 
kept quite busy, and did excellent work. It was pathetic to see 
women and children desert their homes at dusk for cellars and 
dugouts where they would remain overnight. Others would be 
seen standing in the doorways of their homes, watching the skies 
carefully and with anxious ears alert to detect any signs of 
approaching hostile aircraft. While we were now in the war 
zone and still many miles from the front, we nevertheless felt the 
presence of the enemy. 

In the afternoon of May 29th the Regiment marched a few 
miles from the rest camp at Calais to Fontinettes Station, where 
it entrained. This march, while short in distance, was neverthe- 
less one which is very memorable to us. At that time we had no 
transport of our own, and the men had to carry all equipment 
on their person. The packs contained two blankets, over- 
coat, slicker, shelter-half, tent pole and pins, underwear, extra 
O. D. shirt, socks, bed sack, mess kit, bacon and condiment cans, 
toilet articles, intrenching tool, and extra pair of shoes. In 
addition to this heavy pack, each man carried his rifle, bayonet, 
gas mask, steel helmet, cartridge belt, 200 rounds of ammunition, 
and canteen filled with water. Although burdened with this 
extremely heavy load, the march discipline was excellent. 

18 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

After a three-hour journey, we detrained at Samer, where we 
were welcomed by a British military band, and had coffee served 
to us. Several units which remained at Samer overnight ex- 
perienced another night air raid, which again brought home the 
grim realities of war. However, there were no casualties incurred. 

From Samer another difficult march was made to our new 
training area. Regimental Headquarters was established in 
Doudeauville, and the battalions were billeted in the nearby 
villages. 

"I" Company and the Supply Company entrained at Bor- 
deaux on May 24th, and three days later reached Le Havre. 
Here the Supply Company turned in much of the regimental 
equipment it had brought from the United States. After five 
days' stay in Le Havre, the two companies proceeded by rail to 
Samer, where they rejoined the Regiment on June 3rd. 

In this area we received from the British — animals, trans- 
port, machine guns, automatic rifles, and ammunition. Assisted 
by a staff of British officers and non-commissioned officers, our 
training started. We sent officers and N. C. O.'s to American 
and British schools to specialize in various subjects, and every 
one got down to hard work with but one end in view, and that was 
to make of himself as an efficient part of the Army as possible. 
On account of the activity of enemy aircraft in this vicinity, it 
was necessary to do our training at such places as would afford 
concealment from observation. The general state of apprehen- 
sion in the Allied world that the Germans would break through 
to Paris, and the possibility that the Thirty-ninth Infantry might 
be called on at any time to take part in the defense, keyed up the 
training. 



'9 



THE THIRTY- NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



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20 




Training in France 

AFTER nine days' stay in the Doudeauville area we re- 
placed the British equipment (except animals, transport, 
and gas masks) with American, including the favorite 
Springfield rifle. After a march of two and a half days, the First 
and Second Battalions entrained at Maresquel, and the re- 
mainder of the Regiment at Hesdin — for the Chateau-Thierry 
front to assist in the resistance of the threatened drive on Paris. 
The movement from the Doudeauville area commenced on June 
9th and was completed on June 15th, when the entire Regiment 
went into camp in the woods near Acy-en-Multien. 

Here the Seventh Infantry Brigade was attached for training 
and defense to the Fourth French Infantry Division. Intensive 
training was at once resumed. Specialists' schools were estab- 
lished, and for the first time our men were given an opportunity 
to fire their rifles on a range. As there was no range available, 
we at first used tin cans tied to stakes for targets, but in a short 
time we constructed an excellent range which the Engineers laid 
out, and fired on ranges up to 500 yards. Despite the fact that 
our men were mostly recruits and had no preliminary instruction 
in firing, the marksmanship and enthusiasm displayed by them in 
this work was very gratifying to all, and the results obtained were 
surprising to our own and the French officers. We also sent de- 
tachments of officers and men for a short tour of observation and 
instruction with the Second Division and also with the French 
in the trenches. 

Our training schedule was interrupted from time to time by 
the so-called "alerts," which meant that the Regiment was 
marched to, and took up position in, the French trenches near 
the front, some twelve miles from our training area. The 
Thirty-ninth Infantry sector extended from the Collinance- 
Mareuil road, exclusive, to the cross-roads 500 meters east of 

21 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

the Autheuil Church, exclusive, with Regimental Headquarters 
at La Grange-aux-Bois. 

In the midst of these preparations the Regiment celebrated, 
in historic fashion, Independence Day. The Thirty-ninth 
Infantry was designated as one of the two Regiments in the Di- 
vision to select a battalion to be sent to Paris to take part in the 
Independence Day parade participated in by various units of 
the Army at that city. This provisional battalion, composed of 
representatives of all units in the Regiment, under command of 
Major Winton, made a most creditable showing and was given 
a royal reception by the French people in their capital. When 
these troops returned to the Regiment they found that their com- 
rades had been sent to the "alert" positions in the trenches dur- 
ing their absence. Therefore, instead of marching from the 
train to their camp, they pushed on many miles beyond to take 
their place in line. 

On the night of July 6th all units, except the Third Battalion, 
marched back to camp at Acy-en-Multien, while the Third Bat- 
talion remained in the trenches until July 7th, and then returned 
to the same camp. During the Regiment's period of training in 
the trenches it was subjected to enemy shell fire. Wagoner 
John Lopes, of the Supply Company, has the distinction of being 
the first member of the Thirty-ninth Infantry to be wounded in 
action. While driving his team near Thury-en-Valois, on July 
7th, he was struck in the nose by a fragment of a shell. 

The appreciation of our Allies was evidenced by the follow- 
ing communication sent on July 14th by the Commanding Gen- 
eral, Second French Army Corps, to our Brigade Commander: 
"I feel sure that the fine American Army, which has already 
shown on the battlefields such brilliant military qualities, will 
contribute to hasten the day of the final victory. I feel especially 
proud to have under my command the Seventh Brigade, U. S. A., 
whose fine battalion I admired last 4th of July; and I beg you, 
General, to transmit to your officers and troops the wishes which 
I express for their success and for the greatness of the United 
States." 



22 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



LE GENERAL PHILIPOT 

le 4 juillet 1918. 
Mon cher General : 

Permettez-moi de m'associer a vous en ce jour ou vous fetez l'inde- 
pendance des Etats-Unis. 

Mon coeur de Frangais bat a l'unisson du votre: n'est-ce pas aussi 
pour notre independance que nous combattons depuis quatre ans, n'est ce 
pas pour nous aider dans cette besogne sacree que vous etes accourus pour 
partager notre sort? 

C'est pourquoi j'unis dans une meme pensee et dans une meme 
affection nos deux pays luttant pour le meme ideal de justice et de 
liberte. 

Veuillez agreer, mon cher General, l'expression des vrpux ardents 
que je forme pour la gloire et le succes de votre belle brigade et de son 
chef et celle de mes sentiments de haute consideration. 

Philipot, 
Commandant le 2 me Corps d'Armee. 

Note: — An appropriate reply was at once sent by the Commanding 
General, Seventh Infantry Brigade. — B. A. P. 



(To Brig. Gen. Poore). 
(Translation) 

GENERAL PHILIPOT 

My dear General : 

Permit me to join you on this day when you celebrate the Inde- 
pendence of the United States. 

My French heart beats in unison with yours; is it not for our in- 
dependence that we have fought for four years? Is it not to help us in 
this sacred cause that you have come to share our fortunes? 

That is why I unite in the same thought and in the same affection 
our two countries fighting for the same ideals of Justice and Liberty. 

Please accept, my dear General, the expression of my sincere wishes 
for the glory and success of your splendid Brigade and for its chief, and 
my sentiments of high consideration. 

Philipot, 
Commanding Second Army Corps- 

23 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



HEADQUARTERS 

SEVENTH INFANTRY BRIGADE 

AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

France, 14th July, 1918. 

My dear General Philipot: 

Permit me to extend to you, on behalf of the officers and men of the 
Seventh Infantry Brigade, our felicitations and best wishes on the occa- 
sion of your national holiday. 

It is fitting that France and the United States, the greatest republics 
in the world, should be engaged and united in an effort to maintain for 
mankind Liberty and Independence. 

We regard it an honor to serve under your command, and we hope 
we shall not be found wanting in any duty we may be called upon to 
perform. 

With the hope that your beautiful country will soon be rid of the 
presence of an enemy, I remain, 

Sincerely yours, 

B. A. Poore. 

To 

General Philipot, 

Commanding Second French Army Corps. 



24 




IS 



CHAPTh'.U. IV 




Advance Towards the Vesle River 

ABOUT 8 130 o'clock in the evening of July 15th, after a very 
hard day on the target range, orders were received to move 
" up to the second line (French) positions. The Regiment 
moved forward, going into camp at ha Villeneuve-sous-T hury 
and Thury-en-Valois, with Regimental Headquarters at ha 
Grange-aux-Bois Ferme. This was the same area occupied by 
the Regiment when previously ordered to the "alert" position. 
During the entire day units of the Second Division Artillery had 
been passing Acy on their way to the Soissons front. It was 
evident to all that the Regiment was soon to see action. 

On the following day the regimental, battalion and company 
commanders, the first two accompanied by their staffs, were 
ordered to Autheuil-en-V alois (Headquarters of the Thirty- 
third French Division) to make a reconnaissance of the front 
line. The night of July 16th was spent by battalion and com- 
pany commanders in reconnoitering the sectors assigned their 
units. The Second Battalion was assigned the area of Troesnes 
and Silly-la-Poterie. That night "F" and "G" Companies went 
into position, "F" Company at Silly-la-Poterie and "G" Com- 
pany at hes Heureux Ferme. The night following, July 17th, 
the Regiment completed the relief of the Ninth and Eleventh 
French Infantry Regiments. The sector occupied extended from 
the Ourcq River north, along the eastern edge of Troesnes, across 
the Savieres River, to the heights west of the river at Faverolles, 
exclusive. Each battalion placed two companies in the front 
line and two in support. The Second Battalion was on the right 
between the Ourcq and Savieres Rivers, with "E" Company on 
the east edge of Troesnes, its right on the river; "H" Company 
on left of "E," with its left prolonging the line into the quarry 
marked "Garr." "F" Company was in the Savieres valley in 
support of "H", and "G" Company was in the Ourcq valley in 

25 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

support of "E." The Thirty-ninth Machine Gun Company was 
assigned to the Second Battalion. The Third Battalion with 
one company of the Eleventh M. G. Battalion, occupied the 
center of the regimental sector from the west bank of the Savieres 
River in prolongation of the Second Battalion line. "M" and 
"K" Companies were in the front line with "I" and "L" Com- 
panies in support. 

The First Battalion and one company of the Eleventh M. G. 
Battalion held, as its sector, from Bucket Bridge on the right 
to Oigny Road, inclusive. "A" and "B" Companies occupied 
the front line, supported by "C" and "D" Companies on the 
reverse slope of the hill 200 yards to the rear. The relief was 
made with great difficulty due to the darkness of the night. 
Owing to the blinding rain the men were compelled to hold on 
to one another while following the French guides up to the posts 
in the trenches. 

With the occupation of the new position as yet incomplete, 
orders were received during the night to attack early the next 
morning. The attack was to be made in conjunction with the 
French for the purpose of capturing the Buisson de Cresnes im- 
mediately to the front. In the plan of attack, the French were 
to advance north across the Ourcq River to Noroy, and east from 
Faverolles across the Savieres River, so as to complete a "pincer" 
movement between Ancienville and Noroy. The zero hour for 
the French attack was 4:35 a. m., while the Thirty-ninth was to 
attack on orders expected approximately one hour later. The 
mission of the Thirty-ninth was to mop up the Buisson de Cresnes 
and consolidate its eastern edge. 

At 4:35 o'clock the next morning the French laid down a 
heavy artillery barrage. The men of the Thirty-ninth, who had 
never before been in a front line trench, listened to the incessant 
whistling of shells over their heads, and impatiently awaited 
orders to go over the top. The lines in this sector were, at most, 
only four or five hundred yards apart. The Germans promptly 
replied to the French bombardment with so severe a counter 
barrage of artillery and trench mortars that communication 
became very difficult. It was only by exposing themselves to 
what seemed certain death that runners maintained liaison be- 
tween the different units. Not until the afternoon did this enemy 
barrage slacken, and in the attack, as is often the case, the ex- 
ecution was far different from the original plan. The French 
cautiously refused to allow all three battalions to go forward, 

26 



THE THIRTY -NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

despite numerous protests from the Regimental Commander. 
On the left the First Battalion was ordered to attack at eight 
o'clock, while the Third Battalion did not move forward until 
one o'clock. On the right, the Second Battalion had to wait 
until late in the afternoon before it started its attack. 

Peculiar and unexpected difficulties confronted the First 
Battalion. In its immediate front was the Savieres River, a 
narrow but deep stream with a quicksand and soft mud bottom. 
The banks on either side were marshy. A few men waded 
through, but practically the entire battalion moved forward in a 
thin line and crossed on logs which had been thrown across the 
stream. The movement was a success because of its surprise to 
the enemy. The Germans' main resistance was facing the 
Ourcq River and not the Savieres, and was directed on the south- 
ern, not the western, edge of the Buisson de Cresnes. A German 
sergeant captured later in the day stated that the Germans did 
not think the Americans would be reckless enough to attack over 
the swampy Savieres, and had the greater part of their machine 
guns directed on the Ourcq River. 

While ascending the hill beyond the river the Regiment 
captured its first machine gun. German machine gunners, 
camouflaged in a wood pile, opened fire on the left flank of "A" 
Company. Sergeant Robert D. Winters discovered the nest, 
rushed it, throwing a hand grenade. The wood pile fell over, 
disclosing the startled gunners, who before they could throw up 
their hands were riddled with bullets. 

Another machine gun met in the day's advance was in a 
miniature glass house with sliding windows, built in the top of a 
tree. The gunner was quiet, waiting for the front line to pass so 
that he might open fire from the rear. One-half of a company 
had passed the tree without noticing the gun, when it was dis- 
covered by Private Fritz Carlson of "A" Company, who calmly 
placed his rifle to his shoulder, rested against a tree and fired; the 
enemy gunner pitched forward, headlong to the ground. 

The First Battalion had orders to clear the left or northern 
half of the Buisson de Cresnes. After moving out in the morn- 
ing the battalion had encountered heavy rifle and machine gun 
fire. This resistance came principally from the right flank at 
the southern edge of the woods, where the enemy had prepared 
for an attack from the south. As the Third Battalion was not to 
come up until later, two platoons from "B" and "C" Companies 
were thrown in to support "A" Company and cover its right 

27 



THE T H I R T Y - X I X T H INFANTRY IX THE WORLD WAR 




28 



THE THIRTY- XI NTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

flank. The First Battalion then charged the hill, and after two 
hours' hard fighting had captured one hundred men and several 
trench mortars and machine guns. Position for the night was 
taken up on the eastern edge of the Buisson de Cresnes. A part 
of the battalion occupied a large German Field Hospital which 
had been elaborately fitted up with furniture captured in the 
nearby towns. 

At nine o'clock "K" Company crossed the Savieres River, 
the other companies of the Third Battalion remaining in posi- 
tion. At two o'clock that afternoon the battalion moved for- 
ward with "K" Company on the right and "M" Company on the 
left of the front line. "I" and "L" Companies were in support. 
Later "I" Company took position in the front line on the right. 
Moving forward, the hill directly to the front was taken and 
nine machine guns captured. The battalion continued the ad- 
vance until the eastern edge of the Buisson de Cresnes (the regi- 
mental objective) was reached. Here the position was con- 
solidated. 

Not until 3 145 o'clock in the afternoon was the Second Battal- 
ion sent forward. During the entire morning the enemy had 
kept up an incessant rifle, machine gun and artillery fire, to which 
the battalion replied with rifles and machine guns. One machine 
gun nest that had been causing a great deal of annoyance was 
captured at noon by a skillfully led patrol from "E" Company 
under the command of Corporal Mark Reed. Captain Norton 
with "H" Company put up a stiff fight in the quarry where he 
was stationed. After jumping off, however, all opposition was 
overcome and the advance pushed forward. 

The "pincer" movement which the French had to effect was 
uncompleted in the afternoon; no French troops were even ap- 
proaching Noroy from the south. Early in the afternoon, when 
the Germans had stiffened their resistance, the French expected 
a counter attack in force and sent a request to Colonel Bolles for 
assistance in the vicinity of Noroy. At three o'clock Colonel 
Bolles sent word forward that a glorious Allied victory had been 
won all along the line, and ordered the Second Battalion to 
move forward on the right, while the Third Battalion, with the 
First Battalion in support, was ordered to capture Noroy. Lieut. 
Colonel Peck ordered "I" Company to advance on Noroy, the 
remainder of the battalion following in support. Advancing 
through heavy enemy artillery fire the assaulting troops entered 
the village, driving the Germans before them. Not until the 

29 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

eastern edge of the town was reached was there hand-to-hand 
lighting. Here the Germans made a determined stand, but were 
finally routed after both sides had suffered many casualties. "I" 
Company took up position in Noroy. U K" Company, together 
with "L" and "M" Companies, moved up to a support position in 
the northeastern edge of the Buisson de Cresnes. The fall of 
Noroy closed the gap between the French units on the right and 
left, and, in connection with the cleaning up of the Buisson de 
Cresnes, culminated the French plans for this date. 

The troops remained in these positions during the night of 
July 18-19. At one o'clock on the morning of the 19th 
orders were received from the French to resume the attack at 
four o'clock. The following objectives were assigned the Regi- 
ment: First objective, 1 1/2 kilometers from the line of de- 
parture, direction of attack along a line ten degrees east of north; 
second objective, along road Chouy-la-Sucrerie; third objective, 
ridge, 1 kilometer southeast of the Chouy-la-Sucrerie road, cov- 
ering a front of 1 1/4 kilometers. For this attack one battalion 
from the Twentieth French Infantry was assigned to the Thirty- 
ninth and acted under orders from Colonel Bolles. 

In accordance with the French order, Colonel Bolles ordered 
the Second Battalion and the Thirty-ninth Machine Gun Com- 
pany, under command of Major Mitchell, to attack on a front of 
550 yards, the right following the Ourcq River. The Third Bat- 
talion with "A" Company, Eleventh Machine Gun Battalion and 
detachment of one-pounders, Lieut. Colonel Peck commanding, 
was ordered to attack on a 550-yard front from the left of the 
Second Battalion. The battalion objectives were the same as the 
regimental objectives, outlined above. In the capture of the 
third objective one battalion was to be in the front line with the 
other two arranged in depth. The First Battalion, "C" Com- 
pany, Eleventh Machine Gun Battalion and a detachment of 
Stokes Mortars, under command of Major Terrell, constituted 
the reserve, and was ordered to march 600 yards in rear of the 
center of the first line. Headquarters Company (less detach- 
ments) remained with Regimental Headquarters. No advance 
was to be made beyond the third objective except upon additional 
orders from the Regimental Commander. The Second Battal- 
ion was designated as the base battalion; the rate of march, no 
yards in three minutes; the direction of march, 45 minutes south 
of east. The axis of liaison was to be along the Troesnes-Noroy 
road ; all trains were to be left until further orders. Regimental 

30 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

Headquarters was to be at Troesnes before the capture of the 
first objective, thereafter at Noroy. The zero hour was 4 a. m. 
Great difficulty was experienced in getting the order dis- 
tributed to the troops in sufficient time for the beginning of 
the movement. Despite this the attack was begun as directed. 
It was discovered later, however, that the French troops on the 
left which were to attack at the same hour had not received their 
orders in time to enable them to follow the barrage. In conse- 
quence of this the French order for the attack was delayed one 
hour. Unfortunately, this information did not reach us in time 
to stop our movement. The French barrage which was scheduled 
to start at four o'clock did not actually begin until one hour later. 
As a result of this delay our line, which had already begun the 
advance, was caught in the barrage and suffered many casualties. 
It was apparent to the troops that something had gone wrong, 
and that the fire from which they suffered was their own artillery. 
Although this was only their second experience in battle, their 
morale was unshaken, and the advance continued as soon as the 
barrage passed. 

At four o'clock the Third Battalion with "I" and "L" 
Companies in the front line, "K" and "M" Companies in 
support, advanced from Noroy without artillery preparation 
and captured a battery of enemy artillery in the gulch to the 
northeast of the town. Later the battalion was caught in the 
French barrage and suffered casualties. Nevertheless, as soon as 
the barrage passed, the troops moved forward until held up by 
machine gun nests in a wheat field to the front. Two nests were 
directly in front, one on the left flank and two on the right flank. 
Those in front and on the left flank were wiped out by rifle fire, 
and the two on the right were destroyed by a platoon from "L" 
Company. This platoon, led by Lieutenant Notrand, charged 
across the open field with fixed bayonets and cleaned out the nest, 
killing the machine gunners at their guns. The wheat field was 
a net work of signal wires, which when disturbed invariably 
brought on an intense enemy machine gun fire. Having cleared 
out the machine gun nests the advance was continued until the 
Chouy-La Sucrerie road was crossed. Here positions were 
established on the final objective as shown on the map. 

The advance of the Second Battalion was over very difficult 
terrain — marshes, hills, woods and the winding valley of the 
Ourcq. "E" Company was on the right and "H" Company on 
the left of the assault line, with "G" Company on the right and 

3i 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

a F" Company on the left in support. The Germans began a 
heavy shelling of the area adjacent to the road running south of 
Noroy as soon as the assault line reached it. a H" Company, 
nearest the river, advanced through dense woods and was unable 
to keep abreast of "E" Company, which continued the advance 
into a swamp, followed by "G" Company. Very soon it was 
found necessary to move the two companies out of the swamp. 
They were suffering from German machine gun fire from the 
front, and our artillery fire from the rear. Lieutenant Gluck- 
man led "E" Company (less one platoon) well to the front and 
silenced three machine gun nests. 

Major Mitchell, the Battalion Commander, with a platoon 
from "E" Company, supported by Sergeant Curran's machine 
gun section and "G" Company, and with such other men as he 
had gathered together while waiting in the swamp, pushed on to 
a point nearly south of Chouy. While making this advance, the 
platoon from "E" Company led by Lieutenant Davidson silenced 
four machine guns in the woods and field to the front. West of 
an old mill, Moulin de Croutes, much machine gun fire was en- 
countered. At about the same time a line of Germans advanced 
over the ridge east of the Moulin de Croutes. When fire was 
opened on them they retreated down the valley of the Ourcq and 
surrendered to the French. As the advance continued the Ger- 
mans retreated with their machine guns to the shelter of the 
mill, a massive stone tower. Efforts were made to obtain artil- 
lery fire on the tower, and the lines were drawn back slightly for 
this purpose. In the meantime automatic rifle teams from "G" 
Company worked around to the rear of the mill to intercept the 
Germans when they should be driven out by the bombardment. 
The artillery failed to respond and the Second Battalion con- 
tinued the advance with the Third Battalion. On reaching the 
mill it was found that the Germans had slipped out and sur- 
rendered to the French in the valley. The Second Battalion 
halted on the third objective and consolidated its position in 
support of the Third Battalion. 

On the left of the Third Battalion, with "C" and "D" Com- 
panies in the front line, "B" Company in support and "A" Com- 
pany in reserve, the First Battalion moved forward. Clearing 
the edge of the Buisson de Cresnes at four o'clock, the advance 
was continued to the road running north from Noroy, where it 
was held up for one hour by our barrage. Bearing to the left the 
battalion continued the forward movement until a wheat field on 

32 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




33 



THE THIRTY- N IN TH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



the top of a hill was reached. Here it was temporarily halted 
by heavy enemy machine gun and artillery fire, until the machine 
guns could be wiped out. In cleaning up the machine gun nests 
a number of casualties were suffered. Moving forward, after 
silencing the machine guns, the battalion advanced through the 
artillery fire, reaching Chouy late in the afternoon. "B," "C" 
and "D" Companies remained in the village for the night, "A" 
Company taking up a position in rear of the bluff to the south of 
the town. 

During the night of July I9th-20th the Regiment was relieved 
and returned to the Buisson de Borny for a rest. The march back 
was made through the Buisson de Cresnes to Chateau Silly, La 
Poterie, Silly-la-Poterie, through La Ferte-Milon, arriving at 
Buisson de Borny Monday morning. Tuesday, Regimental 
Headquarters was established at St. Quentin. Wednesday night 
orders were received to march again and to be in reserve positions 
on a general line from St. Croix to Crissoles at eight o'clock the 
next morning. At one o'clock the Regiment started via St. 
Quentin, Dammar J, Neuilly St. Front, Latilly, reaching our 
destination at the designated hour. While passing Neuilly a 
German aviator flew over and after a game fight set fire to three 
French observation balloons. 

With the other units of the Seventh Infantry Brigade, the 
Thirty-ninth was assigned as a reserve of the VI Army. On 
July 22nd the Seventh Brigade was placed at the disposal of the 
Commanding General Fourth Division. For the first time the 
Fourth Division was now going into battle under its own com- 
mander. As the Germans were pushed back to the north and 
east, our advance was made via Brecy, Artois Ferme, Beuvardes, 
Four a Verre to the Foret de Fere. A day and night were spent 
near Artois Ferme. Here the troops were camped in a wooded 
area and were very much crowded. This stay here will be re- 
membered by all on account of the numerous false "gas alarms" 
given. The Regiment remained in the Foret de Fere until 
August 1st, taking up and strongly consolidating a position on 
the northern edge of the woods as reserve to the Forty-second 
(Rainbow) Division. While here the Regiment was subjected 
to heavy hostile artillery fire and suffered many casualties. 

On August 1 st the Forty-seventh Infantry of our Division, 
which was also supporting the Forty-second Division, advanced 
in full view and captured Sergy ; the Forty-second Division also 
advanced, capturing Cierges. At eight o'clock that night the 

34 



THE THIRTY- XI NTH IX FAN TRY IX THE WORLD WAR 

Regiment was taking up new positions in the Foret de Fere, pre- 
paratory to the advance the next day. The First Battalion was in 
column of twos, the platoons ready to move, when a bombing 
plane came over. Flying almost on a line with the column, the 
aviator dropped a string of bombs so rapidly that the separate 
explosions could not be distinguished. The resulting scene of 
death and horror was worse than battle. Every company in the 
battalion was hit, the total casualties amounting to 27 killed and 
94 wounded. 

Apparently the success of the enemy aviator was altogether 
accidental. He was searching for a battery of artillery which 
had done much damage during the day, and hovered for more 
than two hours over the woods, dropping bombs wherever he 
had reason to believe the artillery might be concealed. 



35 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

2 me Corps d'Armee. 
Etat-Major, ler Bureau No. 2972 C. 

Au Q. G., le 23 juillet 1918. 
ORDRE No. 262. 
La 7 me Brigade Americaine cesse de faire partie du 2 me Corps 
d'armee. 

Le General tient a luf exprimer ses remerciments pour l'aide precieuse 
qu'elle lui a apportee et a lui adresser au nom de tous, ses meilleurs voeux 
pour la poursuite de sa glorieuse carriere. 

Le General et les troupes du 2 me Corps n'oublieront pas le bel 
entrain et la bravoure de leurs camarades americains au cours de la 
bataille ; ils saluent les officiers et les soldats tombes au Buisson de Cresnes 
et a Noroy. 

Les fatigues et les dangers courus en commun ont fait de nos allies 
d'hier des compagnons d'armes et le souvenir de la Brigade Poore 
doit rester au 2 me Corps. 

Le General Commandant le 2 me Corps d' Armee. 
Philipot 
P. A. 
Le Chef d' Etat-Major 
Rousseau 

( Translation) 

Second Army Corps, 
General Staff, First Bureau, No. 2972 C. 
Headquarters, July 23, 1918. 

ORDER NO. 262 
The Seventh American Brigade ceases to be a part of the Second 
Army Corps. 

The General wishes to extend to it his thanks for the timely help 
it brought him and addresses to it his best wishes in the pursuit of its 
glorious career. 

The General and the troops of the Second Army Corps will not for- 
get the fine spirit and bravery of their American comrades in the course 
of battle; they salute the officers and soldiers who fell at Buisson de 
Cresnes and at Noroy. 

The hardships and dangers suffered in common have made of our 
Allies of yesterday comrades in arms, and the memory of General Poore 's 
Brigade will abide with the Second Corps. 

The General Commanding the Second Army Corps. 
Philipot 
Official: 
The Adjutant General, 
Rousseau 

36 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Grand Quartier General 
Des Armees du Nord et du Nord-Est 
Etat-Major 
Bureau de Personnel 
(Decorations) 

ORDRE NO. 10.887 "D" (EXTRAIT) 
Apres approbation du General commandant en chef les forces 
expeditionnaires americaines en France, le General commandant en 
chef les armees francaises du Nord et du Nord-Est cite a l'ordre du 
Corps d'Armee: 



39 eme Regiment d'Infanterie Americaine: 
"Affecte a une division franchise pour tenir le secteur, a ete appele 
a prendre part a la bataille le 18 juillet, 1918, des le lendemain de 
son arrivee. Sous le commandement du colonel Bolles a fait preuve 
en recevant le bapteme du feu, d'une vaillance admirable. A enleve le 
Buisson de Cresnes et le village de Noroy; s'est empare d'une batterie 
ennemie, d'un grand nombre de minenwerfer et de mitrailleuses, et a 
fait plus de 100 prisonniers." 



Au Grand Quartier General, le 25 octobre IQ18. 
Pour extrait conforme: Le General Commandant en Chef, 

Le Lieutenant-Colonel, Signe-' Petain 

Chef du Bureau du Personnel. 



37 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



(Translation) 

General Headquarters 
of the Armies of the North and the Northeast 
Adjutant 
Personnel Bureau 
(Decorations) 

ORDER NO. 10,887 "D" (EXTRACT) 
On the approval of the Commander-in-Chief of the American Ex- 
peditionary Forces in France, the Commanding General-in-Chief of the 
French Armies of the North and the Northeast cites an order of the 
Army Corps: 



The Thirty-ninth Regiment of Infantry, U. S. 

Attached to the Division to hold the sector, was called on to take 
part in the battle of the day after its arrival. Under the command of 
Colonel Bolles gave proof in receiving its baptism of fire of admirable 
bravery. Took the thicket of Cresnes and the village of Noroy; cap- 
tured an enemy battery, a great number of Minenwerfers and machine 
guns, and made more than a hundred prisoners. 

General Tanant, 
Commanding the Thirty-third Division. 



To General Headquarters, 25 October, iqi8. 
Commanding General-in-Chief , 

Signed: Petain. 
For Extract Copies 

Lieutenant-Colonel, Chief of Personnel Bureau. 



38 



THE THIRTY- NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



2 me Corps d'Armee 
Etat-Major. 

Au. Q. G., le 19 juillet 1918. 

ORDRE DU CORPS D'ARMEE NO. 260. 
Le General en Chef adresse aux troupes toutes ses felicitations pour 
le beau succes du a l'endurance et a la bravoure de tous. Je suis 
heureux de vous les transmettre et fier de vous commander. 

Philipot 
A la J erne Brigade , U. S. 

(Translation) 
Second Army Corps, 
Adjutant. 

Headquarters, July 19, 1918. 

ARMY CORPS ORDER NO. 260 

The General-in-Chief addresses to the troops his felicitations for 
the great success due to the endurance and bravery of all. I am happy 
to transmit these to you and glad to command you. 

Philipot 
To the Seventh Brigade, U. S. 



39 



THE THIRTY- NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



'** -&P- 




Major Ralph Slate Major Fred W. Hackett 

First Lieutenant Archibald R. Gordon 



40 




Capture of St. Thibaut 



ON the night of August 2d-3<i the Fourth Division took over 
a sector in the front line relieving the Rainbow Division. 
The Thirty-ninth Infantry was assigned the sector extend- 
ing from Fereline Chateau along the northwestern edge of the 
Foret de Nesles to Hill 191. The Second and Third Battalions 
with the Thirty-ninth Machine Gun Company and "A" Com- 
pany of the Eleventh M. G. Battalion were in the front line. The 
First Battalion was in support. 

The enemy had begun falling back from the south of the 
Vesle. Pursuit was made both trying and difficult by reason of 
the oblique line of march through the dense forest. The ad- 
vance was continued to the northern edge of the Bois de Dole, 
where it was arrested by heavy enemy machine gun fire. Later 
the Germans withdrew to more protected positions. 

Orders were received in the evening to organize strong ad- 
vance guards for pursuit. The Thirty-ninth Infantry (less First 
Battalion), Companies "A" and "C," Eleventh M. G. Battalion 
and "A" Company Fourth Engineers formed the advance guard 
for the Seventh Brigade with Colonel Bolles as advance guard 
commander. The advance was ordered to be made via Cherry- 
Chartreuve, St. Thibaut, Bazoches, Haut Maison, and Bevies, 
and to establish a bridgehead in advance of the line Vauxcere — 
Blancy les Fimes. In heavy rain and pitch darkness the advance 
guard marched out in single file at 10 p. m. (August 3rd) via the 
Montbain Ferme road, Colonel Bolles leading. "E" Company 
constituted the advance party, the Second Battalion the support, 
the remainder of the Regiment (less the First Battalion) the 
reserve. The First Battalion marched with the main body. When 
the head of the column approached the Vesle valley the Germans 
shelled the woods and road heavily, compelling a halt. As the 
shelling did not let up, the advance was not continued and by 

4i 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



midnight the men fell out along the road and snatched what rest 
they could under the circumstances. 

On the following morning (August 4th), when it was found 
that the enemy artillery fire still blocked the advance, Colonel 
Bolles decided to go forward via the road from Cherry-Char- 
treuve to St. Thibaut. The same formation as on the previous 
day was ordered, but in the counter march, necessitated by the 
change in route, a gap developed in the center of the Second Bat- 
talion, into which the Third Battalion moved. "K" and "L" 
Companies were sent forward to reinforce "H" and "F" Com- 
panies. 

Every advantage of terrain was with the enemy in the attempt 
to cross the Vesle at Bazoches. The approach to the Vesle val- 
ley was through a gulch about two hundred yards wide; this 
gulch and the entire valley was commanded by enemy obser- 
vation from the hills north of the Vesle. The Germans had taken 
up position in strongly entrenched lines at Bazoches on the right 
bank of the river, and taking advantage of the natural protection 
of the high cliffs on either side of the Vesle, machine guns had 
been so placed as to command both St. Thibaut and Bazoches. 
Hostile artillery and minenwerfers were directed on St. Thibaut 
and back areas, and kept up an incessant fire. Under such ad- 
verse circumstances the capture of the village of St. Thibaut was 
both difficult and costly. 

At eight o'clock in the morning "H" Company, the advance 
party, entered the village. After advancing to the northern edge 
there was a deluge of machine gun and artillery fire on both the 
village and the area to the rear. The support was quickly de- 
ployed and ordered to dig in. "R" company took position on the 
right of the road about a half kilometer from the town, "F" and 
"L" Companies 200 yards further back to the right and left of 
the road respectively. "H" Company in the meantime was meet- 
ing with spirited resistance in the northern outskirts of the town. 
Learning from a prisoner that the Vesle was very strongly held 
and that the Germans were in intrenched positions beyond the 
river, Colonel Bolles directed Major Mitchell, in command of 
the support, to go slowly. Major Mitchell then went forward to 
the village to make a personal reconnaisance. German intrench- 
ments were visible on the hill and numerous machine guns were 
reported in the vicinity of Bazoches. Colonel Bolles also went 
personally into St. Thibaut and established his P. C. there. Be- 
fore noon Captain Slate had with great difficulty brought up a 

42 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 







Soissons — Scale 1 140,000 

Map Legend: 

— — Principal Highway 

Secondary Roads 

Standard Gauge Railway 



9 * i* j* i* «f 



43 



THE THIRTY- XI NTH IX FAX TRY IX THE WORLD WAR 



part of "I" Company and had taken up a position west of the 
town. Later during the day Captain Eddy brought up his ma- 
chine guns, Lieutenant Plumley his Stokes Mortars, and Lieuten- 
ant Volmrich the one-pounder section. The following morning 
one of the one-pounders and one Stokes Mortar was destroyed 
by enemy trench mortar fire. 

Now after a stubborn fight St. Thibaat was in the possession 
of the Thirty-ninth Infantry. However, under direct observa- 
tion of the enemy, and with his command of all approaches, it 
was impossible to advance in force across the river. Numerous 
patrols were pushed forward and six patrols from "H" Company 
were successful in crossing the Vesle by 10:30 o'clock on the 
morning of August 4th. These men were the first troops of the 
Fourth Division to cross the Vesle River. 

During the night "F" Company and the remainder of "I" 
Company were brought up and ordered to take up position on the 
left of the town. "L" and "M" Companies had been moved to the 
high ground (Montague de Fere) one kilometer southwest of St. 
Thibaut. During the day of August 4th and the night of August 
4th-5th the area occupied in and around St. Thibaut was sub- 
jected to a heavy hostile artillery, minenwerfer and machine gun 
fire. 

Early in the morning of August 5th orders were received to 
attack at five o'clock, the attack to be supported by artillery fire. 
Major Winton was ordered to advance with "F," "H," "I," and 
"K" Companies. No sooner, however, did the artillery prepara- 
tion begin than the enemy replied with a counter barrage, cov- 
ering accurately the area between the front line and the river. 
"H" and "F" Companies were unable to advance. Captain Slate 
moved "I" Company to the left and by advancing through dense 
barbed wire entanglements succeeded in reaching the river bank, 
where the company dug in; the right resting near the de- 
molished bridge, the left extending to La Maladerie Ferme. 
While advancing through the w r ire entanglements Captain Slate 
was wounded, but refused to be evacuated, and led his men for- 
ward to the river. Sergeant John W. Norton, commanding the 
fourth platoon, was also wounded during this advance, having 
his right leg shot off. Despite the seriousness of his wounds 
Sergeant Norton refused to be carried to the rear and directed 
the movement of his platoon until it reached the river bank. For 
the heroism displayed in this action he was awarded the Dis- 
tinguished Service Cross. 

44 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

At nine o'clock the enemy shelling had practically ceased. Re- 
ports were also received that the French on the left had the night 
before given up their attempt to cross the Vesle, but that the 
Fifty-eight Infantry on the right had that morning succeeded in 
crossing. On receipt of this information Colonel Bolles ordered 
Major Mitchell to bring "G" Company up from the gulch and to 
have men from "I" Company, already on the bank of the Vesle, 
infiltrate across the river and intrench on the reverse slope of the 
hill. Replacements were to be sent forward from"G" Company 
for all the men "I" Company succeeded in getting across. 
Thirty-eight men from "G," "H" and "I" Companies (the 
greater portion from "I" Company) had succeeded in crossing 
by the ruined bridge, when at u 115 o'clock our barrage lifted. 
The enemy immediately came from under cover and concen- 
trated machine gun and rifle fire on the crossing, making it im- 
possible to get more men over the river. Enemy snipers did 
effective work along the sunken road west of the town, where in- 
numerable unsuccessful attempts were made to come up with 
bridge timber and reinforcements for the firing line. At this time 
Major Mitchell, who was directing the crossing of the Vesle, was 
seriously wounded by a sniper; despite his wounds he remained 
the balance of the day, working indefatigably to effect an 
advance. 

A short while before noon "F" Company moved forward 
from its position in the eastern edge of the town, but was forced 
by the intensity of the hostile fire to take cover behind the rail- 
road bank. So accurately was this area covered by machine gun 
fire that further advance was impossible. It was here that 
Lieutenant D. S. Grant was mortally wounded while attempting 
to cross the track. 

About noon efforts were made to bring other troops forward. 
"G," "H" and "L" Companies attempted the advance, but were 
held up by enemy artillery and machine gun fire. "H" Com- 
pany, at the cost of many casualties, succeeded in getting the sec- 
ond platoon under the command of Lieutenant Eddy to the rail- 
road embankment. 

Later in the afternoon it was decided to make another attempt 
at crossing. A signal rocket for a barrage was fired. The artil- 
lery responded, but as the barrage lasted only a few minutes, 
there was not sufficient time for the troops to move forward by 
infiltration. The enemy, however, replied with a heavy bombard- 

45 



THE THIRTY -XI NTH IX FAX TRY IX THE WORLD WAR 




Upper: Brigadier General Benjamin A. Poore near Marieul en Dole. 
Lower: Colonel Bolles' car "wounded" in the Vesle fighting. 



4 6 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

ment. At five o'clock an enemy aviator flew over, locating the 
lines. 

At half past five o'clock a number of machine guns from the 
Tenth and Eleventh Machine Gun Battalions, and the Thirty- 
Ninth Machine Gun Company laid down a barrage on the enemy 
positions. Immediately the Germans replied with all their artil- 
lery, minenwerfers and machine guns, sweeping the woods, town 
and valley. Following this German troops in column of fours, 
commanded by a mounted officer, were seen coming down the hill 
to the northwest of the Vesle. As they reached the lowlands, 
just west of Bazoches, combat formations were taken up. An 
attack in force was expected, but did not materialize. 

That evening all troops were ordered withdrawn from the vil- 
lage and valley to allow the artillery to put down an annihilating 
barrage on the German positions. "K" and "L" Companies were 
left forward for outposts during the night. While leading a patrol 
from "M" Company across the Vesle, Lieutenant Wood en- 
countered a patrol, double the strength of his, under the com- 
mand of a German officer. A fight ensued in which the officer 
and a number of his men were killed, others being captured. 
Lieutenant Wood and his patrol returned safely during the night. 
On the morning of August 6th artillery preparation began and 
continued until late in the afternoon. The Commanding General 
had ordered Bazoches and Haute Maison, as well as any possible 
emplacements east, north and south of those towns "wiped off the 
map." In the afternoon, after several hours of terrific shelling of 
these areas, engineers were sent forward to throw a bridge across 
the river. They were met by an accurate and deadly hostile fire, 
and were forced to abandon their attempt. Just before night the 
First Battalion received orders to cross the river to the right of 
St. Thibaut. Under cover of woods on the hill south of the vil- 
lage the Battalion formed in column of companies, "D," "B," 
"A" and U C" following each other at two hundred yards, each 
company in line of combat groups. 

A smoke barrage had been thrown in the valley to screen the 
movement , but as the movement was delayed two hours, this was 
of little benefit. The advance was only partly successful. Three 
platoons of "D" Company reached the river and remained there 
until the regiment was relieved. "B" Company and the remain- 
ing platoon of "D" Company advanced as far as the railroad 
bank. About nine o'clock "A" Company reached the river, but 
during the night withdrew to the railroad. "C" Company also 

47 



THE T H I RT Y^N I N TH _ INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

advanced as far as the railroad embankment. During the night 
engineers cut telegraph poles, bound them together, and threw 
them across the river for a foot bridge. On these men from "D" 
Company crossed and engaged the enemy. Corporal Marcheck 
was killed in this fighting. The last of these detachments re- 
turned on August 7th, when the Regiment was relieved by the 
Forty-seventh Infantry. All companies moved back before dawn 
on the 8th with the exception of three platoons of "A" Company, 
which were left in the sunken road at the bottom of the hill to the 
northeast of the village. At ten o'clock orders were received 
to move back. By this time the enemy was sweeping the hillside 
with machine gun and trench mortar fire, but by infiltration the 
platoons succeeded in withdrawing, in full view of the enemy, 
without casualties. 

While the infantry had been undergoing the hardships of 
battle, the Medical Detachment, undergoing the same hardships, 
were experiencing great difficulty in evacuating the wounded. 
As there were no dugouts or sheltered places, dressing stations 
were established in the village of St. Thibaut and a shed four 
kilometers to the south at Ferme de Filles. It was impossible 
for ambulances to come nearer than one and one-half kilometers 
to St. Thibaut. In spite of these trying circumstances, the hostile 
fire, and the large number of casualties, the Regimental Medical 
Detachment succeeded in evacuating the wounded promptly. The 
spirit and bravery of the members of this detachment, in the per- 
formance of their duty, elicited from the soldiers the greatest 
praise and gratitude, and bound them to the Regiment with the 
strongest of human ties. 

On the morning of August 7th the Regiment moved back to 
the Foret de Dole as support to the Forty-seventh Infantry. 
Regimental Headquarters was established at Ferme des Dames. 
Here the Regiment remained until the division was relieved on 
August nth. Each night the Germans bombarded the Foret de 
Dole heavily, sending over a large number of gas shells. After 
the relief of the division, the Commanding General reviewed its 
record in a General Order, a copy of which follows. 



48 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



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49 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

HEADQUARTERS FOURTH DIVISION 
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

GENERAL ORDERS NO. 46. 

France, August 14, 1918. 
Officers and Men of the Fourth Division: 

After twenty-seven days of marching and fighting, our Division has 
been withdrawn from the front for a hard-earned and well-deserved rest, 
and for the first time during that period it is now possible to suitably 
record our achievements. 

With our training period still unfinished, our infantry and machine 
guns were rushed into line on the night of July 17th- 18th to take part in 
Marshal Foch's now famous drive from the Marne. Under the able 
commanders of the One Hundred and Sixty-fourth Division, Seventh 
Army Corps, VI French Army, and side by side with our gallant Allies, 
battalions of the Eighth Brigade drove the enemy from Haute-Vesnes, 
St. Gengoulph, Chezy, Chevillon, Priez and Courchamps, with such 
pluck and vigor that over four hundred prisoners, eighteen guns and 
many mortars and machine guns fell into the hands of General Gauchel, 
who commended our troops for "splendid dash." At the end of two 
days fighting, the One Hundred and Sixty-fourth Division was the most 
advanced in the VI Army. 

Further north, our Thirty-ninth Infantry, under its own Colonel, 
took over a sector at night and was later cited in orders of the Thirty- 
third French Division for "magnificent ardour" and for the capture of 
the woods of Cresnes, the village of Noroy, an enemy battery, and a 
great number of trench mortars and machine guns, as well as over one 
hundred prisoners, including two officers. On July 23rd our troops 
were withdrawn and concentrated to resume a status of training, but 
under a sudden change of orders, were immediately marched to join the 
First Corps, U. S., and placed in second line behind the Forty-second 
Division, U. S., on the Ourcq. Here two battalions of the Forty-seventh 
Infantry suffered heavy losses when pushed up to reinforce a portion 
of the front line. On August 3rd, the Division passed through to the 
front, and operating for the first time under its commanders, continued 
the drive as far as the Vesle River. Here the enemy had established 
himself in force and successfully resisted further Allied advance. 

The Ivy Division, baptized in full battle, has been christened a 
fighting unit. It has been tried out and has stood the test. With no 
preliminary experience in front sector, it took its full share in the greatest 
attack that has yet been launched by the Allied forces. No soldiers 
have ever been called upon to stand a more gruelling grind upon their 

50 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



fortitude, endurance and morale than has been imposed upon the men of 
this Division by the fighting in the valley of the Vesle. 

The Division Commander desires to express, in equal measure, his 
appreciation of the splendid co-operation of all branches : 

To the Engineers, who under heavy fire and with heavy losses con- 
structed bridges over the Vesle and, under shelling, maintained roads 
that made supply possible. 

To the Signal Corps, who labored day and night to maintain oui 
lines of communication. 

To the Medical Service, whose units were pushed forward to the 
firing line, working without rest to alleviate the sufferings of the 
wounded ; and 

To our Chaplains, with their faithful parties, who carefully buried 
our dead. 

He desires to commend in no less degree the personnel of the Trains, 
who, from the opening of the campaign, have not failed on a single oc- 
casion to furnish the combatant elements with food and ammunition, 
and the Military Police, who, by intelligent traffic regulation, made it 
possible to supply a Division in a congested area over devious and dif- 
ficult roads. 

The Division Commander is justly proud to command officers and 
men who have measured up to the highest standards of Americanism. 

We mourn our dead. For the living, there is the work of tomorrow. 

By Command of Major General Cameron : 

C. A. Bach, ,' 

Lieut. Colonel, General Staff, 
Chief of Staff. 
Official: 

Howard J. Savage, 

Capt. A.G.D., N.A., Acting Adjutant. 



51 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




Captain Richard G. Plumley Captain Robert W. Norton. 

Captain William K. Dickson 



52 




Capture of Cuisy and Septsarges 

AFTER a two days' rest the Fourth Division moved by rail to 
the training area north of Chaumont, going into billets 
L at St. Blin. The Division now became a part of the Amer- 
ican First Army. Here replacements were received to fill the 
gaps caused by casualties in the Vesle fighting. Another problem 
now presented itself, none the less difficult because there was to 
be no fighting — a problem of reconstruction and rapid reorgan- 
ization. 

Training schedules were resumed, but with added interest, 
the result of experience gained in battle, and knowledge of what 
was needed to solve the problems of the future. Particular em- 
phasis was placed upon the essentials of control and discipline of 
smaller units, and upon target practise. Every one had come to 
realize to the fullest the value of the rifle in combat. Ranges al- 
ready constructed were in constant daily use; while under the in- 
struction of the more experienced, the replacements were making 
excellent progress. One month in a rest area was usually allowed 
to complete the work of reconstruction and training. At this 
time, however, events were moving rapidly, and when orders 
were received to move on August 31st the Regiment was in 
splendid condition for active service. On the 1st of September 
a move by trucks was made to Marats la Grande, where another 
week was spent in training. While here, on Sunday, September 
8th, the Regiment was assembled and Memorial Services held 
for our comrades who had fallen in battle. 

Another move by trucks was made on September 9th, the 
Regiment bivouacking at Bois de Behole, as part of the corps re- 
serve in the St. Mihiel operation. The Thirty-ninth was not 
actively engaged in the front lines, but during the night of Sep- 
tember 1 2th- 1 3th was ordered forward to close a gap in the lines. 
The advance was made under the greatest difficulties; the night 

53 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



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THE THIRTY -NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




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55 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

was as black as pitch, the rain fell in torrents, and the only road 
that could be used was blocked by French artillery and transpor- 
tation moving forward. After having marched approximately 
eleven miles in seven and one-half hours under these trying cir- 
cumstances the Regiment reached its destination, Hill 376, west 
of Les Eparges, at 6:35 o'clock in the morning, September 13th. 
Before arriving the gap had been closed and the Regiment went 
into bivouac in the woods in the vicinity of Hill 378, closely sup- 
porting the first lines. While in this position the men were under 
constant shell fire. As a result of the success of the assaulting 
troops the Thirty-ninth was not ordered into action. On the 
morning of September 14th the Regiment returned to its canton- 
ment east of Houdainville. Here training was resumed and con- 
tinued until September 19th, when a move was made to the 
vicinity of Lemmes. 

By a series of night marches via Vignieville, Montzieville 
and Bethelainville the Regiment moved from Lemmes to Esnes 
— a part of the Meuse-Argonne front. Here forces were being 
concentrated for the greatest single effort of any American 
army; here the Allied forces were preparing for the greatest of 
all offensives of the war. An offensive which before it was com- 
pleted extended from the North Sea to the Swiss Border, and 
which before its end was to see the great German military ma- 
chine wrecked and ruined. The Fourth Division was assigned 
a sector west of Bethincourt. The advance was to be made from 
the line Hill Le Mort Homme — Hill 304, passing just east of 
Malancourt and Montfaucon, skirting Septsarges and Nantillois, 
thence inclining to the right to its final objective (the army ob- 
jective), a line through Brieulles and the northern edge of the 
Bois de Foret. The Seventh Brigade was placed in the front 
line with the Eighth Brigade in reserve. The Thirty-ninth 
Infantry, Company "A" Eleventh M. G. Battalion and two 
platoons "B" Company Fourth Engineers occupied the left of 
the brigade sector up to and including a line through Bois 
Eponge to the northern edge of Bois Camard. The Forty-seventh 
Infantry was on the right of the brigade sector. At midnight, Sep- 
tember 25th, the Regiment entered the trenches at Esnes and 
marched three kilometers up communication trenches to the 
front line on Hill 304. 

At 2:30 o'clock on the morning of September 26th our artil- 
lery commenced a bombardment, remarkable for its intensity 
and accuracy. The enemy positions w T hich had been fortified 

56 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




Upper: Evacuating wounded at Esnes. 

Lower: Looking west from Bois de Septsarges towards Nantillois. 



57 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

and strengthened during a period of two years were pounded 
beyond recognition. Under the protection of the barrage the 
Third Battalion, commanded by Major Terrell, took up a position 
in "No Man's Land" with "I" and "M" Companies in the as- 
sault line; "K" and "L" Companies in support. "F" Company 
was ordered to mop up for the assaulting battalion. The First 
Battalion, under command of Major Winton, was placed in sup- 
port with "A" and "B" Companies in the front line, "C" and "D" 
in support, and took up position in the front line trenches. The 
Second Battalion, Major Baylor in command, was in reserve on 
Hill 304. 

At 5 130 o'clock in the morning the line moved forward be- 
hind a rolling barrage. A dense fog obscured the movement of 
troops and caused great difficulty in maintaining lines of direc- 
tion and contact with adjacent troops. Despite these drawbacks 
the assault was made with irresistible energy and determination. 
Hundreds of prisoners were captured, many machine and much 
heavy ordnance taken. 

According to the plan of attack, the Third Battalion was to 
lead the advance to Cuisy, the intermediate objective. Here the 
barrage was to rest for thirty minutes to allow the First Battalion 
to "leap frog" the Third and carry on the fight. In the dense 
fog the First Battalion had moved to the left and had come up 
against Montfaucon Hill, east of the village. This position was 
protected by a mass of barbed wire entanglements and strongly 
held by machine guns. The third and fourth platoons of "A" 
Company moved forward through a communication trench on 
the right, flanked the hill and captured more than one hundred 
prisoners. 

At Montfaucon Hill Colonel Bolles and Lieutenant Johnson 
came up looking for the Third Battalion. Thinking that it had 
gone forward, Colonel Bolles ordered the two platoons from "A" 
Company to advance, and moved past Cuisy to Septsarges. In 
advancing the Colonel had reestablished liaison with the Third 
Battalion and directed that the advance be continued. Arriving 
at Septsarges Colonel Bolles established his headquarters there. 
No sooner, however, had he done this than a number of Germans 
surrounded the place. Fortunately, Lieutenant Gordon with "L" 
Company arrived at this time and routed the enemy. 

After the two platoons from "A" Company had advanced 
from Montfaucon Hill the Germans came out of their dugouts 
and manned the trenches with machine guns. Lieutenant Haney 

58 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

then led a platoon from each of "C" and "D" Companies around 
the right and flanked the hill again. The second flanking move- 
ment was more difficult and more costly than the first. In the 
fighting "A" Company lost all platoon leaders, all of Head- 
quarters platoon except one man, and all but six sergeants. How- 
ever, when the advance was continued at three o'clock a large pile 
of disabled German machine guns was left on the field. And, 
although at great cost, our Regiment had made possible the 
capture of Montfaucon. 

At the intermediate objective just south of Cuisy the Third 
Battalion halted, as ordered, for the First Battalion to come up 
and make the relief. While waiting for the arrival of the First 
the Third Battalion filtered into the town of Cuisy and 
cleaned it up, capturing more than six hundred prisoners, one 
battery of 77's and innumerable machine guns. In advancing 
over the hill south of Septsarges the left flank was temporarily 
held up by heavy machine gun and minenwerfer fire from Hill 
315 in the northern edge of the Bois de Montfaucon. At the same 
time the Germans attempted a counter attack from the direction 
of these woods. The second and fourth platoons of "I" Com- 
pany with one platoon from "K" Company met the counter at- 
tack and broke it up. Just after the Germans had been driven 
back, a patrol from "I" Company led by Lieutenant Hammond 
•captured fifteen prisoners, and recaptured three men of the First 
Battalion who had fallen into the hands of the Germans. Before 
advancing it was necessary to set up machine guns from the 
Eleventh M. G. Battalion to neutralize the minenwerfer and ma- 
chine gun fire from Hill 315 and Fay el Ferme. 

Due to the dense fog and opposition encountered on its ex- 
posed left flank the relief battalion did not arrive. The necessity 
for continuing the attack movement was so great that the Reg- 
imental Commander directed the Third Battalion, despite its 
losses and fatigue, to move forward as the assault battalion. The 
advance was continued through the valley just west of Septsarges. 
Here German machine gun resistance was very strong, the first 
platoon of "I" Company being practically annihilated. Troops 
from "I" and "K" Companies immediately pushed forward and 
after bitter fighting wiped out the machine gun nests that were 
holding up the forward movement. After clearing the valley of 
machine guns the battalion advanced to the corps objective (the 
ridge running east and west one kilometer north of Septsarges) 
and consolidated the position. "K" Company and one platoon from 

59 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




Upper: Battered buildings in Montfaucon. 

Lower: Barbed wire entanglements on Montfaucon Hil 



60 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

the Eleventh Machine Gun Battalion went into position facing 
west to protect the left flank. While here "K" Company sup- 
ported by "I" met and repulsed three strong counter attacks 
made from the Ravin des Cailloux. 

The halt on the corps objective was made in compliance 
with a previous Division order. This order required that the 
attack be pushed vigorously, "regardless of the advance of the 
Divisions on its (Fourth Division) right and left, to the corps 
objective, where it will halt and await (if necessary) the arrival, 
at the corps objective of either the right or center division of 
the V Corps." The halt for more than one hour at the corps ob- 
jective led the enemy to believe that the force of the attack had 
spent itself, and encouraged him to stiffen his resistance. A 
German battery of six pieces of horse-drawn artillery was dis- 
tinctly seen moving towards our lines at a distance of 2,500 yards. 
Rifle and machine gun fire did not serve to arrest the movement. 
Position under cover was taken 2,000 yards to the front and a 
heavy fire opened. The Regiment suffered a number of casualties. 
While leading his troops forward late in the afternoon Major 
Winton was wounded and the command of the First Battalion 
fell to Lieutenant Haney.\ The battalions took up position for 
the night as shown on map. 

During the day several air battles had taken place between 
the American and German planes, two machines on each side| 
having been brought down in flames. In the end, however, our 
aviators gained the supremacy and forced the Germans to seek 
their own lines. 

Early in the morning of the 27th, with the Third Battalion in 
the front line, the First Battalion in support and the Second in 
reserve, the advance was continued. "L," "I," "K" and "M" 
Companies were in the assault line. Troops from the Eleventh 
Machine Gun Battalion took position on the left to protect that 
flank. Lieutenant Simpson of this organization was killed while 1 " 
trying to advance his guns. Soon after the advance began the j 
left flank and left rear were entirely exposed, and a heavy ma 1 
chine gun and artillery fire was put down on the lines from the 
left, left rear and front. On the right front, from woods and 
emplacements, a withering machine gun fire was poured into the 
advancing lines. In spite of this veritable torrent of death, the 
movement continued until the road running east and west from 
Nantillois was reached. 

At this point the machine gun barrage became so intense that 

61 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




Upper: Bringing back Boche captured near Cuisy. 
Lower: Ration dump at Cuisy. 



62 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

the advance could not be pushed over the bald hill (Hill 266) 
to the front. The Third Battalion had advanced to a position 
beyond the Nantillois road and had begun to dig in along the 
road and to the north of it. The First Battalion followed in sup- 
port, took up a position in the rear with some elements crowding 
into the Third Battalion. This presented a very vulnerable 
target to the Germans, who evidently had direct observation. At 
this time Colonel Bolles directed that the line be thinned out 
from front to rear. Before this operation could be consummated 
the German artillery on the left flank opened a direct fire with 
high explosive shells, causing heavy casualties in the line not yet 
stabilized. This withering fire had a very disastrous effect on 
the elements of the line on the left flank, and resulted in some of 
them retiring to more protected positions. The other elements of 
the line took up the retiring movement, which resulted in crowd- 
ing many men into the small valley just south of the Nantillois 
road. Here they were subjected to a heavy German artillery fire, 
and a number of soldiers were killed. In a short time the greater 
part of the two battalions had evacuated this position so dearly 
won. 

Lieutenant Haney, with great presence of mind, and utter 
disregard of danger, endeavored to reform the line on the ex- 
posed position, but without avail. The receding troops continued 
to fall back until halted on the reverse slope of Hill 295. Here 
positions were taken for the night. Notwithstanding this retire- 
ment on the part of many elements, Lieutenant Haney succeeded 
in holding a portion of his company, together with other bolder 
spirits, in the position which was being evacuated. A portion of 
the Eleventh Machine Gun Battalion also maintained its position 
on the hill until eight o'clock in the evening. At this time the Reg- 
imental Commander ordered the forward troops to join the 
Regiment. During the day Colonel Bolles had worked side by 
side with Lieutenant Haney in effecting a reorganization. By 
exposing himself to the same dangers as the men, he had inspired 
them with his indomitable will to fight to the finish. For his 
"personal example of courage and fearlessness" in this action 
Colonel Bolles was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross. 
Lieutenant Haney was also awarded the same decoration for the 
gallant part he had played in the day's fighting. 

Brigadier General Poore, noticing the retirement, took his 
position in the front line, steadied the troops and established the 
line immediately to the left of Colonel Bolles and Lieutenant 

63 




Lieutenant Colonel William E. Holliday 




THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

Haney. For his exceptionably able grasp of the situation and 
his prompt and fearless action, he was later awarded the Dis- 
tinguished Service Cross. 

Early in the day's fighting Lieutenant Colonel Holliday was 
killed while gallantly and fearlessly assisting in the advance. 
Colonel Holliday had been wounded in the leg by a machine gun 
bullet, and while receiving first aid treatment on the field so that 
he might continue the advance with the troops was mortally 
wounded at the base of the skull. 

Throughout the day, probably the most severe in the history 
of the Regiment, the work of General Poore, Colonel Bolles and 
Lieutenant Haney stood out preeminent and contributed more to 
the maintainance of the morale and fighting spirit of the men 
than any other factor. 

Notwithstanding the ill fortunes of the day before, the Reg- 
iment went over the top again at seven o'clock on the morning of 
the 28th. The Second Battalion, which the previous day had been 
the Brigade reserve, led the attack with "F" and "H" Companies 
in the assault line. "F" Company on the right was supported by 
"E;" "H" on the left was supported by "G." The assaulting 
line was reinforced by one company from the Eleventh Machine 
Gun Battalion. The Third Battalion was in support of the Sec- 
ond, the First being Brigade reserve. Although the Germans 
opened with a curtain of machine gun fire, and followed it with a 
heavy fire of high explosives the line continued its advance to the 
railroad bank south of Nantillois. Here the Regiment waited to 
establish contact with the Seventy-ninth Division on the left. A 
joint attack on Nantillois by a platoon from a H" Company and 
one from "M" Company, Three Hundred and Fifteenth Infan- 
try, forced the enemy to withdraw to the shelter of the Bois de 
Fay. The attack was then pushed beyond the village of Nantil- 
lois to a small knoll. Under the shelter of this knoll the line was 
reorganized and moved to the right oblique to get back in the Di- 
vision sector, the Regiment having moved to the left to assist the 
Seventy-ninth Division in its attack on Nantillois. Returning to 
the sector the advance was resumed and continued to the southern 
edge of the Bois de Fay, where it was held up by heavy machine 
gun fire. Strong patrols, however, were pushed two kilometers 
to the front and forced the enemy to evacuate the woods. Here 
Colonel Bolles was wounded and forced to retire, the command of 
the Regiment falling to Major Terrell. Colonel Bolles had 
molded the Regiment into an aggressive fighting organization, 

65 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

and it continued to fight with his do or die spirit after he had been 
evacuated. His presence on the front line, however, was much 
missed by all who had become accustomed to seeing him where 
the fighting was the fiercest, and where by his indifference to 
personal safety he inspired his subordinates with a fearlessness 
and a determination to go forward. 

The Seventy-ninth Division not having advanced as far as the 
Fourth, the Thirty-ninth Infantry was subjected to heavy flank 
fire on the left. In spite of this the Regiment clung tenaciously to 
its position and for two hours endured a terrific bombardment 
from 77's across the Meuse. Finally orders were received to with- 
draw to a position south-east of the Nantillois — Brieulles road. 
A detachment from "F," "G" and "H" Companies under com- 
mand of Captain Norton remained in the forward position at the 
south-eastern edge of the woods until nine o'clock, at which time 
it rejoined the Regiment. It was here that Colonel J. K. Parsons 
took command. 

On the night of September 28th-29th the Seventh Brigade 
was relieved by the Eighth, and on the following morning the 
Thirty-ninth took up position in the Bois de Septsarges as Divi- 
sion reserve. While here the Regiment was subjected to heavy 
artillery fire and much annoyance from enemy aviators. On 
October ist five planes made an attack in which two sergeants and 
several privates were killed. Anti-aircraft, machine gun and 
rifle fire was opened on the hostile planes and this was successful 
in bringing down four out of the five. 

In the fighting on the 26th, 27th and 28th the Regiment had 
advanced eleven kilometers on a front ranging from one to two 
kilometers, the first five being one mass of barbed wire. In the 
advance of September 26th the Regiment succeeded in pene- 
trating the enemy line deeper than other troops engaged. Be- 
cause of the flanking fire from the left for the greater part of the 
time the casualties had been heavy. More than one hundred 
men and officers had been killed and over five hundred wounded. 
In the three days fighting the Regiment had captured nearly two 
thousand prisoners, thirty cannon of all calibre, and numerous 
machine guns, minenwerfer and trench mortars. 

Corporal James O. Kelly of "A" Company who was wounded 
and captured during the fighting around Montfaucon Hill on 
September 26th gives the following account of his experiences: 

"We went over the top and drove the Germans in a dugout, 
taking about one hundred prisoners. I brought back twenty of 

66 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




Upper: Advancing from Bois de Septsarges to Nantillois. 

Lower: Crossing Nantillois road. Lieutenant Colonel Holliday was killed here, 
just north of the road on September 27th. 



67 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

them to Colonel Bolles. He told me to go back and get some 
more; that there were lots of them up there. As I was going 
back I met Lieutenant Haney with the rest of the prisoners. He 
told me to go to First Sergeant Keller, who had been wounded, 
and give him first aid. I had found Sergeant Keller and was 
giving him first aid treatment when I was hit in the thigh by a 
machine gun bullet. 

"The next thing I remember is seeing about fifteen Germans 
around us. We were carried back to the dugout in which we had 
captured our prisoners. Sergeant Keller was placed on a stretcher 
and two of our men, who had been captured, were made to carry 
it. A German helped me to get along. We traveled until 
three o'clock in the afternoon, when we reached their first aid sta- 
tion. Here our wounds were dressed and we were each given a 
'shot' in the chest to prevent lock-jaw. We stayed in this dugout 
all night. 

"At two o'clock on the morning of the 27th the Americans 
opened a barrage, which was very severe and lasted for more 
than two hours. When the barrage stopped the Germans re- 
treated, leaving us with several of their wounded. Two first aid 
men were left to care for us. We remained there until five 
o'clock in the afternoon, when members of the Three Hundred 
and Thirteenth Infantry (Seventy-ninth Division) came near 
where we were. The boys came over and were about to throw 
a grenade at us, until I told them we were from the Fourth Di- 
vision. Sergeant Keller and I stayed there until September 28th. 
Early that morning Sergeant Keller died from gas and wounds 
in the head. I was taken to the American first aid station later 
in the morning. From there I was sent to the field hospital, 
and later to a base hospital. I rejoined 'A' Company at Schuld, 
Germany, on the 27th of December." 

Corporal John Carman of "M" Company, who was also 
wounded and captured on the 26th, and who later escaped from 
a German prison hospital, tells the following narrative: 

"On the 26th of September I was out with a patrol of four 
privates on the left flank of the Regiment. About five o'clock 
the Germans started a counter attack. I was wounded by a 
machine gun bullet, and as our ammunition was exhausted all 
five of us crawled in a shell hole. On account of the heavy Ger- 
man machine gun fire we were forced to stay under cover. 

"Toward evening the Germans worked their way around to 
the rear of us, and we were surrounded and captured. Being 

68 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

the only wounded one, I was taken to a field hospital, and be- 
came separated from the other members of my patrol. I stayed 
in the hospital over night and had my wounds dressed. I was 
questioned by the Germans about my regiment and division, but 
refused to give them any information. When they found out 
that I wouldn't tell anything, one of them got out a book about 
ten inches thick. He opened it and started telling me about the 
different units of our army. He said that the Fourth Division 
was the best body of troops they had fought against. He told 
me that Colonel Bolles commanded the Thirty-ninth Infantry. 
He stated that the book was full of such information, and that 
he could tell me what troops of my division were in the fight and 
where they were fighting. 

"The next morning I tried to get away and got about forty 
yards from the hospital, when I was discovered and carried back. 
From here I was taken to a railroad station about six miles away, 
put aboard a hospital train and carried to Eissen. We remained 
there until about four o'clock the next day. From Eissen I was 
taken ten kilometers further to Limberg and placed in a large 
prison hospital. There were about 2,500 prisoners here, the 
greater part of them French. I remained at this place until the 
4th of October. During my stay I talked with a number of 
prisoners. All stated that they were treated as well as conditions 
would allow. An American Lieutenant told me that when he 
first arrived there were sufficient medical supplies, but that they 
had been used up, and now nothing could be done but dress the 
wounds. We suffered most from lack of food. All that we got 
was thin soup with an occasional piece of black bread. As soon 
as the Red Cross located us we received boxes of food from them 
regularly. When I became able to walk I was given a pair of 
crutches and allowed to go out of the hospital. The only guards 
were those at the front door. A short distance from the hospital 
was a canteen to which Americans were allowed to go. On 
account of the numerous escapes, none of the French prisoners 
except officers were allowed to leave the hospital. 

"On the 4th of October I decided that it was time for me to 
leave. About eight o'clock in the evening I went to the canteen. 
Behind the canteen there was a large hill covered with pines. I 
went from the canteen to the hill, left my crutches there and went 
over the hill, where I found a railroad track. Following this, I 
finally found some French troops and stayed with them two days, 
when I was sent to the Eighty-fifth Division at Toul." 

5 9 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

HEADQUARTERS FIFTH ARMY CORPS 
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

France, September 16, 1918. 
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 17 

1. The following telegram from the Commander-in-Chief, Amer- 
ican Expeditionary Force, is published to the command : 

September 15th, 1918. 
Major General George H. Cameron, 
Commanding General, Fifth Corps, 
Please extend to the officers and men of the Fifth Corps my sincere 
congratulations for the part they have taken in the first battle of the 
American Army. Our successes have thrilled our countrymen and evoked 
the enthusiasm of all Allies. Will you convey to the command my cordial 
appreciation of their work. I am proud of the accomplishment. 

Pershing 
Official: By Command of Major General Cameron: 

Harry C. Kaefrixg, Brigadier General, Chief of Staff 

Adjutant General. W. B. Burtt, 

HEADQUARTERS FIFTH ARMY CORPS 
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

France, September 17, 1918. 
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 18 
1. The following telegram of the Commanding General, First 
Army is published to the command : 

September 15, 1918. 
Commanding General, 
Fifth Corps, 
Number 105 Sec. G. S. The Army Commander directs that the 
following message from the President of the United States be trans- 
mitted to you for transmission to all troops of your command : 
"Washington, September 14th. To General John J. Pershing, American 
Expeditionary Forces, France. — Accept my warmest congratulations on 
the brilliant achievements of the Army under your command. The boys 
have done what we expected of them and have done it in the way we 
most admire. We are deeply proud of them and of their achievements. 
Please convey to all concerned my grateful and affectionate thanks. 
(Signed) Woodrow Wilson." 

Drum 
Official: By Co?nmand of Major General Cameron: 

Harry C. Kaefring, W. B. Burtt, 

Adjutant General. Brigadier General, Chief of Staff. 

70 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

(For Official Circulation Only) (G.O. 238) 

GENERAL HEADQUARTERS 

AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

GENERAL ORDERS NO. 238 

France, December 26th, 1918. 

It is with soldierly pride that I record in General Orders a tribute to 
the taking of the St. Mihiel salient by the First Army. 

On September 12th, 1918, you delivered the first concerted offensive 
operation of the American Expeditionary Forces upon difficult terrain 
against this redoubtable position, immovably held for four years, which 
crumpled before your ably executed advance. Within twenty-four hours 
of the commencement of the attack the salient had ceased to exist and 
you were threatening Metz. 

Your divisions, which had never been tried in the exacting conditions 
of major offensive operations, worthily emulated those of more arduous 
experience and earned their right to participate in the more difficult task 
to come. Your staff and auxiliary services, which labored so untiringly 
and so enthusiastically, deserve equal commendation, and we are indebted 
to the willing cooperation of veteran French divisions and of auxiliary 
units which the Allied commands put at our disposal. 

Not only did you straighten out a dangerous salient, capture 16,000 
prisoners and 443 guns, and liberate 240 square miles of French territory, 
but you demonstrated the fitness for battle of a unified American Army. 

We appreciate the loyal training and effort of the First Army. In 
the name of our country, I offer our hearty and unmeasured thanks to 
these splendid Americans of the First, Fourth, and Fifth Corps, and of 
the First, Second, Fourth, Fifth, Twenty-sixth, Forty-second, Eighty- 
second, Eighty-ninth and Ninetieth Divisions, which were engaged, and 
of the Third, Thirty-fifth, Seventy-eighth, Eightieth and Ninety-first 
Divisions which were in reserve. 

This order will be read to all organizations at the first assembly 
formation after its receipt. 

By Command of General Pershing: 
James W. McAndrew, Chief of Staff. 
Official : 

Robert C. Davis, Adjutant General. 



71 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



( For Official Circulation Only ) ( G.O. 1 43 ) 

GENERAL HEADQUARTERS 
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

France, August 28th, 1918. 

GENERAL ORDERS NO. 143 

It fills me with pride to record in General Orders a tribute to the 
service and achievements of the First and Third Corps, comprising the 
First, Second, Third, Fourth, Twenty-sixth, Twenty-eighth, Thirty- 
second, and Forty-second Divisions of the American Expeditionary 
Forces. 

You came to the battlefield at the crucial hour of the Allied cause. 
For almost four years the most formidable army the world has as yet 
seen had pressed its invasion of France, and stood threatening its capital. 
At no time had that army been more powerful or menacing than when 
on July 15th it struck again to destroy in one great battle the brave men 
opposed to it and to enforce its brutal will upon the world and civilization. 

Three days later, in conjunction with our Allies, you counterattacked. 
The Allied Armies gained a brilliant victory that marks the turning point 
of the war. You did more than give our brave Allies the support to 
which as a nation our faith was pledged. You proved that our altruism, 
our pacific spirit, our sense of justice have not blunted our virility or our 
courage. You have shown that American initiative and energy are as 
fit for the test of war as for the pursuits of peace. You have justly won 
the unstinted praise of our Allies and the eternal gratitude of our country. 

We have paid for our success in the lives of many of our brave com- 
rades. We shall cherish their memory always, and claim for our history 
and literature their bravery, achievement and sacrifice. 

This order will be read to all organizations at the first assembly 
formation after its receipt. 

John J. Pershing, 

General, Commander-in-Chief. 
Official : 

Robert C. Davis, Adjutant General. 



72 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



HEADQUARTERS 

THIRD ARMY CORPS 

AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

France, October 5th, 1918. 

GENERAL ORDERS NO. 29 

2. The Corps Commander, in General Orders, cites the gallant 
conduct of the Fourth Division, especially the Seventh and Eighth In- 
fantry Brigades in the seizure, against great difficulties, of the Bois de 
Fay and the holding of it against repeated and determined counter at- 
tacks between September 26th and October 5th. You are there. Stay 
there. 

By Command of Major General Bullard: 
A. W. Bjornstad, 

Brigadier General, G. S., Chief of Staff. 
Official : 

David O'Keefe, Adjutant General. 



73 




Advance Through Bois de Fay and 
Bois de Malaumont 

AS a part of the Division reserve ten disagreeable days were 
spent in the Bois de Septsarges. The Germans bombarded 
" the woods regularly and caused a number of casualties. On 
October 5th a high explosive shell made a direct hit on "I" Com- 
pany's kitchen, killing one man and wounding several. Cook 
Albert Bergonzie was killed instantly; Cook John Shoemaker 
lost a leg, and Lieutenant Slagel and Sergeant Harvey F. Parker 
were wounded. The kitchen was in a clearing near the area 
occupied by the Eleventh Machine Gun Battalion. When the 
shell exploded twelve men from this organization were wounded. 

While the Seventh Brigade was in reserve the Eighth 
Brigade had been ordered to capture the Bois de Fay, Bois de 
Malaumont and Bois de Foret, and thus outflank Brieulles-sur- 
Meuse. The attack of the Eighth Brigade had advanced to the 
northern edge of the Bois de Fay when the Seventh Brigade was 
ordered to relieve the Eighth and continue the attack. 

On the afternoon of October 9th the Third Battalion, com- 
manded by Captain Wood, moved forward under the cover of 
fog and occupied a position in the northern edge of the 
Bois de Fay, directly south of the Fond de Ville aux Bois. 
"K" Company was on the right and "M" Company on the left of 
the assault line; "I" Company supporting "K," and "L" Com- 
pany supporting "M." The attack was to be made through the 
Bois de Malaumont, penetrating to the north and establishing the 
line on Hill 299. At five o'clock the attack was to begin, but at this 
hour a German barrage was accurately dropped on the forward 
and support positions of the assault battalion. This combined 
with the terrific fire from machine guns east of the Bois de 
Malaumont made it impossible for the movement to progress. 
The Battalion remained here for the night, but suffered a large 

75 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

number of casualties. The First and Second Battalions were 
ordered to move at seven o'clock under cover of a smoke screen 
and occupy positions in the Bois de Fay to support the attack. 
The smoke screen was put down before the designated hour, how- 
ever,and the Germans began a heavy bombardment with 77's, 88's 
and 155's of the entire zone between the Bois de Fay, Bois de 
Brieulles and Bois de Septsarges. Shells were dropped at the 
rate of twenty per minute on the southern edge of the Bois de 
Fay, and made it inadvisable for the troops to move forward. 
Both Battalions remained in their positions in the Bois de 
Septsarges until after midnight. 

Early the next morning the Second Battalion was ordered to 
make the attack with the First Battalion in support. The two 
battalions moved forward to the northern edge of the Bois de Fay 
arriving there a little before daylight. Only one path led 
through the woods to the front; this was strewn with the dead of 
both sides. In one spot lay more than sixty men and in another 
place over two hundred. Not only was the march up gruesome, 
but very difficult on account of the thick grow T th of underbrush 
and the innumerable trees the Germans had felled across the 
path. To further impede the progress of the advancing troops 
the underbrush and trees had been bound together with a mass 
of barbed wire. 

Arriving at the northern edge of the forest the Second 
Battalion took up position preparatory for the attack with "H" 
Company on the left supported by "F;" and "G" Company on 
the right supported by "E." The First Battalion moved up in 
support position. At seven o'clock, October 10th, the attack began, 
and in spite of spirited resistance the lines moved forward. A 
few minutes after the advance started, Captain Norton, who com- 
manded the battalion, had his pipe shot out of his mouth by a 
German sniper. Early in the day Colonel Parsons and his entire 
staff were gassed. Captain Plumley, the Regimental Adjutant, 
although badly gassed refused to be evacuated, and remained in 
action with the troops until disabled by temporary blindness the 
follow morning. For his heroism he was awarded the Dis- 
tinguished Service Cross. To supply Field Officers General 
Poore sent forward Lieutenant Colonel Middleton of the Forty- 
seventh Infantry and Major Waltz of the Eleventh Machine Gun 
Battalion. 

The trails through the Bois de Malaumont were entirely 
blocked by fallen trees, and the underbrush, wired together with 

76 



THE THIRTY- NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




Dun-sur-Meuse — Scale I : 20,000 



.dT/r 



^Principal Highway 
-Secondary Roads 



11 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

barbed wire, was so dense as to make forward movement prac- 
tically impossible. The Second Battalion, however, infiltrated as 
far as the Gunel — Brieulles Road, pushing the attack forward 
through the Bois de Peut de Faux, where obstructions of fallen 
trees and wired undergrowth were again encountered. The 
northern edge of the forest was reached at half past one o'clock. 
In advancing the units became mixed, and a halt was made in 
order to reorganize the line. While halted here Sergeant Thomas 
Norton brought up a one-pounder and put out of action an enemy 
machine gun that was giving much annoyance to the right flank. 
At 5 130 o'clock in the afternoon reconnaissance in force in the 
Bois de Foret was begun. The Germans, however, opened up 
with such a withering machine gun fire that heavy casualties 
were incurred and the reconnoitering parties withdrawn. A 
flanking movement was directed in order to capture the trenches 
southeast of the Bois de Foret. With a platoon of thirty men, 
Lieutenant James Edmunds rushed the German position and in 
the hand to hand fighting which followed cleared the several 
trenches in that locality. He then started forward in the Bois 
de Foret to break up the German resistance in the southern edge 
of the woods. Heavy machine gun fire from Cunel and from the 
southern edge of the Bois de la Pultiere, however, caused the 
flanking party to seek shelter in the recently captured trenches. 
The battalion took position for the night in the northern edge of 
the Bois Peut de Faux. From eight to eleven o'clock enemy 
flares made the night as bright as day, and an incessant machine 
gun fire was kept up to prevent another attempt on their posi- 
tions. Before daylight Lieutenant Edmunds and the remainder 
of his party filtered back into our lines, bringing all the dead and 
wounded. 

During the night plans were made for a general attack along 
the entire front. 

At twenty-eight minutes past seven on the morning of October 
1 ith, following closely behind a well-placed barrage, the Second 
Battalion moved forward and in spite of the terrific machine gun 
fire and heavy casualties advanced steadily. Two minutes later 
the entire front line rushed with a yell, that could be heard above 
the din of battle, taking the German position in the Bois de Foret 
with the bayonet. The fighting was fierce, but lasted only a few 
seconds. In that short time, however, two German officers, a 
number of soldiers, many minenwerfers and a great number of 
machine guns were captured. On the left, Lieutenant Dickson 

78 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

of the Thirty-ninth Machine Gun Company, moved forward 
with the attacking elements in order to be able to set his guns as 
soon as the line was established. Getting ahead of the line, Lieu- 
tenant Dickson with several of his liaison agents succeeded in 
passing unharmed through machine gun fire, cut an enemy ma- 
chine gun company in two, capturing twenty-five prisoners and 
routing the remainder. The Germans abandoned their guns, 
which were of the light type. "H" Company on the left flank, 
pressing closely on Lieutenant Dickson, relieved him of his 
prisoners, mopped up the trenches dug during the night, and 
advanced to the northern edge of the Bois de Foret. Being 
slightly ahead of the line, the company halted and waited for the 
remainder of the Battalion to come up. 

Reaching the northern edge of the Bois de Foret an attempt 
was made to establish liaison with the Eightieth Division on the 
left, but Lieutenant Dickson, who commanded the liaison group 
(Machine Gun Company and "L" Company) , was unable to gain 
contact. At three o'clock in the afternoon a heavy counter attack 
from the Bois de la Pultiere was repulsed by the Thirty-ninth 
Machine Gun Company. Twice during the afternoon the Ger- 
mans made attempts to infiltrate our positions, but were driven off 
with heavy losses. 

While the Second Battalion was establishing its line in the 
northern edge of the Bois de Foret, the First Battalion executed 
a right turn and established a north and south line in the Bois de 
Foret northwest of Brieulles to resist counter attacks from the 
east. Later in the afternoon this line was relieved by the Second 
Battalion Forty-seventh Infantry; the First Battalion then mov- 
ing up to reinforce the Second. Elements of the Eleventh Ma- 
chine Gun Battalion, under command of Lieutenant Flynn, also 
reinforced the front lines. During the day the machine gunners 
kept up a constant fire on Hill 299 and the German positions on 
both flanks. The advance rested on the nth with the lines 
established in the northern edge of the Bois de Foret. During 
the night several patrols were sent out and succeeded in penetrat- 
ing beyond Hill 299. 

On the morning of October 12th "L" Company, One Hun- 
dred and Thirty-second Infantry, Thirty-third Division, under 
command of Captain Wise, reported as reinforcement and was 
used to strengthen the left flank of the Second Battalion. A patrol 
of fifteen men from this company crawled across "No Man's 
Land" to a small clump of woods between the forest and Hill 

79 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




Upper: Crossing an open field in the advance on Nantillois. 
Lower: Machine Gunners advancing towards Nantillois. 



80 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

299, and remained there in observation during the day. At eleven 
o'clock in the morning a counter attack from the Bois de la Pul- 
tiere was repulsed with ease. Later an enemy movement in force 
from the woods west of Hill 299 was observed moving in a gen- 
eral northeasterly direction. Machine guns played upon the 
troops incessantly and inflicted heavy losses. Twice during the 
day the enemy in force was seen on the ridge east of Hill 299. On 
both occasions he was put to rout by the machine guns under 
command of Lieutenant Flynn. At 12:30 o'clock in the afternoon 
a heavy artillery barrage was dropped on the front lines, causing 
a withdrawal to the southern edge of the forest. The barrage 
lasted two hours and cost the Regiment three hundred casualties. 
As soon as the barrage lifted the troops moved forward again and 
occupied the position on the northern edge of the Bois de Foret. 

At three o'clock forty men from the Third Battalion, under 
command of Lieutenant de Graft, were sent to fill a gap which 
had occurred in the line held by the Second Battalion Forty-sev- 
enth Infantry. At the same time patrols were sent out to recon- 
noiter the Bois de Foret to its eastern edge. These returned 
within three hours, reporting that the woods to the east were held 
in force by the Germans. The remainder of the day was marked 
by continuous machine gun fire from Cunel, the Bois de la Pul- 
tiere and emplacements in the vicinity of Hill 299. 

In the counter attacks attempted in the morning a number of 
Germans took cover in gravel pits on the southern slope of Hill 
299. Sergeant Thompson of "H" Company discovered this, and 
crawled forward in "No Man's Land," taking a seat with his back 
against a tree. As soon as a German showed his head in an attempt 
to rejoin his company, Sergeant Thompson picked him off. Re- 
maining at his post until darkness fell, the Sergeant "sniped" 
more than a half hundred Boches. 

Communication could be maintained only by means of run- 
ners and that at a great sacrifice of life. With his P. C. in the 
Bois de Malaumont, Major Waltz was attempting to get a mes- 
sage through to the front line in the Bois de Foret. After two 
runners had been wounded in the attempt, Private James (Jim- 
mie) Wilson of "H" Company volunteered. He succeeded in 
making the return trip safely, but was killed by shell fire the day 
following. Thirteen other runners were wounded in the Bois de 
Malaumont near Major Waltz's P. C. . Private Joe Smith of 
Company "C" was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for 
gallantry in action in these woods. 

81 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

On the night of the 12th outposts were established five hun- 
dred yards north of the northern edge of the Bois de Foret. At 
nine o'clock it was reported that the enemy was attempting to in- 
filtrate the position. The outposts were drawn back to the front 
line and a rocket fired over "No Man's Land." By the light of 
the rocket several figures were seen approaching from the 
direction of Hill 299. Machine gun fire was opened and con- 
tinued for twenty-five minutes. A second rocket was fired, but no 
enemy could be seen. The outpost line was then reestablished to 
the north and towards the Bois de la Pultiere, being withdrawn 
again at dawn. During the night a few shells fell in the area, but 
caused no casualties. Slight casualties were caused by intermit- 
tent machine gun fire from the north, east and west. Early in the 
morning of the 13th the Germans attempted a counter attack 
from the east through the Bois de Foret. Machine gunners from 
the Eleventh Machine Gun Battalion, under command of Lieu- 
tenant Arnett, repulsed it by fire from two Hotchkiss and one 
captured gun. On the night of the 12th, the front line was the 
same as on the night of the nth. 

In both the Bois de Foret and Bois de Malaumont the Ger- 
mans had elaborate arrangements for comfort and pleasure. 
Shacks had been erected with dugouts nearby; board walks con- 
nected the buildings with each other and with the dugouts. Both 
the buildings and dugouts were lighted by electricity. Moving 
picture shows and beer gardens were also found. 

The Thirty-ninth Infantry was now in a deep salient at the 
Army objective, and as ordered was determined to "stay there." 
But "staying there" became costly and was a severe test of nerve 
and morale. 

Machine gun, minenwerfer and shell fire came from the left 
flank, front, and right flank. At night gas shells flooded the whole 
area, the valleys being covered by a dense gas fog. Under these 
conditions the Regiment "stayed" until relieved on the morning 
of October 13th. Early on this date troops from the Fourth In- 
fantry, Third Division, took over the position. The Regiment 
then returned to the Bois de Septsarges, where another week was 
spent in trench digging and organizing a defensive position. 

In the gruelling fighting of October 10th, nth and 12th the 
Regiment had again lost more than one hundred killed and five 
hundred wounded and missing. An indication of the fierceness 
with which the enemy fought is the fact that in this last advance 
of six kilometers only two hundred prisoners, including four 

82 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




Upper: Shell fire on Hill 299. 

Lower: Returning from Bois de Ogons after being relieved by the 58th Infantry. 



83 



THE THIRTY- NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

officers, were taken. The captured material included a large 
number of machine guns, and cannon of various calibre. 

The Thirty-ninth had now been in the Meuse-Argonne 
operation for seventeen days, six days of that time (September 
26th, 27th, 28th, and October 10th, nth, and 12th) occupying 
the front line and making vigorous assaults. An advance of 
eleven kilometers was made in the September fighting, and three 
kilometers in October, a total advance of fourteen kilometers 
against a most stubborn and determined enemy resistance. On 
the 26th of September the Regiment penetrated the enemy line 
deeper than any other troops engaged, and on the same day had 
made possible the capture of the important town of Montfau- 
con. These successes had not been achieved, however, without 
heavy losses. In the six days' engagements the Regiment lost 
1,187 m wounded and 292 in killed. Though depleted in num- 
bers, the spirit and morale of the troops was never higher. Those 
who had come through the fighting unscathed were filled with a 
determination to vindicate their comrades who had so bravely 
made the supreme sacrifice. 

In the evening of October 18th the Regiment left the Bois 
de Septsarges for Raulecourt, marching via Bois de Hesse, Bois 
de Sivry, Autrecourt, Issoncourt and Lerouville. Arriving at 
Raulecourt on October 26th, ten days were spent in delousing, re- 
equipping, and work on the target range. At four o'clock on 
the morning of November 6th the Regiment marched to Jouy, 
where it embussed for Bier court. Remaining there for two days 
a move was made by bus to Vignot. On the day following, 
November 10th, the regiment moved to the Bois de la Belle 
Ozieres near Heudicourt, preparatory to participation in the 
next great American drive which was to begin on November 
1 2th, in the St. Mihiel sector, in the direction of Briey. The 
signing of the armistice on the nth, however, ended the fighting 
career of the Thirty-ninth Infantry in the World War. 

On the evening of the 12th the troops bivouacked in a field to 
the west of the Bois de la Belle Ozieres. The following day a 
move was made by march to Commercy, where the Regiment 
went into billets. 



84 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

HEADQUARTERS FOURTH DIVISION 
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

France, 28th October, 1918. 

GENERAL ORDERS NO. 71. 

Now that the Fourth Division has been withdrawn from what may 
be termed the first phase of the Argonnc, it is appropriate to review its 
achievements. 

From September 26th to October 13th, 1918, the Fourth Division, 
as a part of the Third Corps, First American Army, took part in the 
attack on the enemy positions between the Argonne Forest and the Meuse. 

These positions were of exceptional strength, having been in existence 
practically since the beginning of the war, and their natural features had 
been strengthened with all the skill and ingenuity which the German 
Army, with years of experience behind it, could bring to the task. 

On the first day the Division penetrated these defenses to a depth of 
about seven kilometers. In the days following, its lines were advanced 
six kilometers, in the face of strong resistance on the part of the enemy. 
All ground won was held under the most trying and difficult circum- 
stances ; under fire of all kinds, both from the front and the flanks ; the 
Fourth Division being at all times in advance of the other divisions of 
the First Army. 

During the period when the Division was engaged, it had opposed to 
it, all or parts of seven German Divisions, two being rated as among the 
best in the German Army. Of these, the Twenty-eighth Division is 
known as the Kaiser's Favorite. 

The Division captured 2,731 prisoners, of whom 71 were officers; 
47 field guns of calibre up to 150 mm.; and many minenwerfer and 
machine guns, as well as a great quantity of small arms and ammunition. 

It is with deep pride and satisfaction that the Division Commander 
publishes these results. They have been gained in the face of the most 
determined resistance and at great cost. No men have borne themselves 
more gallantly than the men of this Division. No Division in France 
has more cause to be proud of its achievements. Where all have done so 
well, it is impossible to single out units or individuals for special com- 
mendation, infantry, artillery, engineers, machine guns, signal corps, 
medical service, trains, military police, by splendid team work and single 
hearted devotion to duty, have all contributed their share to the success 
we have won. 

We mourn our dead. Those of us who remain pledge ourselves 
anew for effort and sacrifice, proud of our privilege of representing the 
American people in the struggle for world freedom. 

85 



THE THIRTY- NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

With pride, born of past achievements, the members of "Ivy" Divi- 
sion look forward to sharing in the great and final victory of our 
Armies — a victory that cannot long be delayed. 

This order will be read to each organization at the first assembly 
after its receipt. 

By Command of Brigadier General Poore; 

C. A. Bach, 
Colonel, General Staff, Chief of Staff. 
Official: 

Lon. S. Haymens, 

Captain, A. G. D., Adjutant. 



86 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



(For Official Circulation Only) (G. O. 203) 



GENERAL HEADQUARTERS 
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

France, November 12, 1918. 

GENERAL ORDERS No. 203. 

The enemy has capitulated. It is fitting that I address myself in 
thanks directly to the officers and soldiers of the American Expeditionary 
Forces who by their heroic efforts have made possible this glorious result. 
Our armies, hurriedly raised and hastily trained, met a veteran enemy, 
and by courage, discipline and skill always defeated him. Without 
complaint you have endured incessant toil, privation and danger. You 
have seen many of your comrades make the supreme sacrifice that free- 
dom may live. I thank you for the patience and courage with which 
you have endured. I congratulate you upon the splendid fruits of 
victory which your heroism and the blood of our gallant dead are now 
presenting to our nation. Your deeds will live forever on the most 
glorious pages of American history. 

Those things you have done. There remains now a harder task 
which will test your soldierly qualities to the utmost. Succeed in this 
and little note will be taken and few praises will be sung; fail, and the 
light of your glorious achievements of the past will sadly be dimmed. 
But you will not fail. Every natural tendency may urge towards re- 
laxation in discipline, in conduct, in appearance, in everything that marks 
the soldier. Yet you will remember that each officer and each soldier is 
the representative in Europe of his people and that his brilliant deeds of 
yesterday permit no action of today to pass unnoticed by friend or by foe. 
You will meet this test as gallantly as you have met the tests of the 
battlefield. Sustained by your high ideals and inspired by the heroic 
part you have played, you will carry back to our people the proud con- 
sciousness of the new Americanism borne of sacrifice. Whether you 
stand on hostile territory or on the friendly soil of France, you will so 
bear yourself in discipline, appearance and respect for all civil rights that 
you will confirm for all time the pride and love which every American 
feels for your uniform and for you. 

John J. Pershing, 
General, Commander-in-Chief ~ 

Official : 

Robert C. Davis, Adjutant General. 



87 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



(For Official Circulation Only) (G. O. 204) 

GENERAL HEADQUARTERS 
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

France, November 13, 1918. 

GENERAL ORDERS NO. 204. 

The following communication from the Commander-in-Chief of the 
Allied Armies is published to the command : 

G. Q. G. A., le 12 novembre 1918. 
Officiers, Sous-Officiers, Soldats des Armees Alliees: 

Apres avoir resoliiment arrete l'ennemi, vous l'avez, pendant des 
mois, avec une foi et une energie inlassables, attaque sans repit. 

Vous avez gagne la plus grande bataille de l'histoire et sauve la 
cause la plus sacree: la Liberte du Monde. 

Soyez fiers ! 

D'une gloire immortelle vouz avez pare vos drapeaux. 

La posterite vous garde sa reconnaissance. 

Le Marechal de France, 

Commandant en Chef les Armees Alliees'- 
F. Foch. 

By Command of General Pershing: 

James W. McAndrew, Chief of Staff. 

Official : 

Robert C. Davis, Adjutant General. 



88 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

(Translation) 

(For Official Circulation Only) (G. O. 204) 

GENERAL HEADQUARTERS 
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

France, November 13, 1918. 

GENERAL ORDERS NO. 204. 

The following communication from the Commander-in-Chief of the 
Allied Armies is published to the command : 

General Headquarters, 12 November, 1918. 
Officers, N on-Commissioned Officers, and Soldiers of the Allied Armies: 

After resolutely stopping the enemy, you have during months, with 
courage and energy, unfailing attacked without falling back. 

You have won the greatest war of history and saved the most sacred 
cause: the Liberty of the World. 

Rejoice! 

You have immortal glory for your flags. 

Posterity will keep your rememberances. 

The Marshal of France, 
Commander-in-Chief of The Allied Armies. 
F. Foch. 

By Command of General Pershing: 

James W. McAndrews, Chief of Staff. 

Official : 

Robert C. Davis, Adjutant General. 



8 9 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

(For Official Circulation Only) (G. O. 232) 

GENERAL HEADQUARTERS 
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

France, December 19, 1918- 

GENERAL ORDERS NO. 232. 

It is with a sense of gratitude for its splendid accomplishment, which 
will live through all history, that I record in General Orders a tribute 
to the victory of the First Army in Meuse-Argonne Battle. 

Tested and strengthened by the reduction of the St. Mihiel salient,, 
for more than six weeks you battered against the pivot of the enemy 
lines on the Western front. 

It was a position of imposing natural strength, stretching on both 
sides of the Meuse River from the bitterly contested hills of Verdun to 
the almost impenetrable forests of the Argonne; a position, moreover, 
fortified by four years of labor designed to render it impregnable; a 
position held with the fullest resources of the enemy. That position you 
broke utterly, and thereby hastened the collapse of the enemy's military 
power. 

Soldiers of all of the divisions engaged under the First, Third and 
Fifth American Corps and the Second Colonial and Seventeenth Corps — 
the First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Twenty-sixth, Twenty-eighth, 
Twenty-ninth, Thirty-second, Thirty-third, Thirty-seventh, Forty- 
second, Seventy-seventh, Seventy-eighth, Seventy-ninth, Eightieth, Eighty- 
first, Eighty-second, Eighty-ninth, Ninetieth and Ninety-first American 
Divisions, the Eighteenth and Twenty-six French Divisions, and the 
Tenth and Fifteenth French Colonial Divisions — you will be long re- 
membered for the stubborn persistance of your progress, your storming 
of obstinately defended machine gun nests, your penetration, yard by 
yard, of woods and ravines, your heroic resistance in the face of counter- 
attacks supported by powerful artillery fire. For more than a month, 
from the initial attack of September 26th, you fought your way slowly 
through the Argonne, through the woods and. over the hills west of the 
Meuse ; you slowly enlarged your hold on the Cotes de Meuse to the east 
and then on the first of November, your attack forced the enemy into 
flight. Pressing his retreat, you cleared the entire left bank of the Meuse 
south of Sedan, and then stormed the heights on the right bank and 
drove him into the plain beyond. 

Soldiers of all Army and Corps troops engaged, to you no less credit 
is due ; your steadfast adherance to duty and your dogged determination 
in the face of all obstacles made possible the heroic deeds cited above. 

9 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

The achievement of the First Army, which is scarcely to be equalled 
in American history, must remain a source of proud satisfaction to the 
troops who participated in the last campaign of the war. The American 
people will remember it as the realization of the hitherto potential 
strength of the American contribution towards the cause to which they 
had sworn allegiance. There can be no greater reward for a soldier or 
for a soldier's memory. 

This order will be read to all organizations at the first assembly 
formation after its receipt. 

John J. Pershing, 
General, Commander-in-Chief ' , 

American Expeditionary Forces. 
Official : 

Robert C. Davis, Adjutant General. 



91 



THE THIRTY- NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Roster of 
Men Killed in Action 



Aisne-Marne Offensive: Vicinity ofNoroy, Troesnes and Chouy- 
sur-Ourcq — July iSth to July 2.1st, 1918. 



Machine Gun Co. 

♦2nd Lieut. Strickland, P. S. 
Private Brekke, John 
Private Jenkins, Mack M. 

Company "B" 

Private Borofski, Roman 
Private DiBernardino. G. 
Private Fitzgerald, Thomas 
Private Gonyea, Frank 
Private Podlesney, Mike 

Company "C" 

Sergeant Mann, Walter T. 
Mechanic Akes, Harve 
Private Olsin, Erric J. 

Company "D" 

Private Palmer, Basil 

Company "E" 

Corporal Bunte, Bernard L. 
*Corporal Fowler, Almon N. 
Corporal Bolin, Howard 
Private 1/c Howell, Jas. E. 



Company "F" 

*2nd Lieutenant Weller E. C. 
Sergeant Larsen, Peter 
Corporal Singer, Mike 
Corporal Thomas, L. C. 
Private Shaffer, Albert L. 

Company "H" 

Sergeant Wagstaff, Israel 
Corporal Shannon, G. M. 
Private Dodds, Harvey W. 
Private Fair, Harry W. 
Private Gecas, Waclowas 
Private Henderson, D. L. 
Private Loesser, Alexander 
Private Rowe, John R. 
Private Perry, Vithia I. 
Private Wild, Fred 

Company "I" 

Sergeant Friedman, A. 
Sergeant Grier, John M. 
Corporal Brown, C. E. 
Corporal Racine, Joseph 
Mechanic Patarino, John M. 
Private Black, Simon 



Private Craig, Mood 
Private Palmbi, Mariana 
Private Patete, Alexander 
Private 1/c Schreiber, F. C. 
Private Temple, John 

Company "K" 

Mechanic Wright, Ralph W. 
Private Lilley, Charles C. 
Private Pedranti, C. 
Private Skeeter, Jasper 
Private Shuze, Gustave H. 
Private Wilie, Frank 
Private Wells, Lester 

Company "L" 

Sergeant Haley, Daniel 
Corporal Oepen, Ralph. 
Private Bogsted, Christ 
Private Graham, Howard 
Private Hoxie, Sylvanus H. 

Company "M" 

Corporal Davies, Owen 
Corporal Foster, Clifton R. 



Air Raid at Foret de Fere: Vesle River and Vicinity of St. 
Thibaut — August istto 12th, 1918 

Headquarters Co. 



Sergeant Kinsey, Maurice 
Corporal Holloway, Isaac E. 
Musician Bennett, Edwin R. 
Private Kahl, James C. 
Private Lagergren, William 
Private Lawson, William 
Private McNutt, Gilbert 
Private Petrosky, John 

♦Private Liford, Arthur W. 

♦Private Malooly, Nicholas 

*Died of wounds. 



Machine Gun Co. 

Private McKie, Don A. 

Company "A" 

Sergeant Winters, Robert D. 
Sergeant Greenfield, J. A. 
Corporal Sullivan, James 
Private Anderson, Eddie 
Private Friesenhahn, R. P. 
Private Harrington, T. A. 
Private Jurewicz, Joseph A. 



94 



Private Peters, Henry A. 
Private Thompson, W. G. 

Company "B" 

Private 1/c Murray, John 
Private Boudreau, Emil 
Private Franks, Tommy 

Company "C" 

2nd Lieutenant Kelly, J. F. 
Sergeant Whalen, Thomas 



THE THIRTY- NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Corporal Jameson, A. 
Corporal Kelly, Patrick 
Corporal Volpe, Valentine 
Private Anderson, C. M. 
Private Alsace, Ora Jio 
Private 1/c Bucler, C. 
Private Crowe, Elmer 
Private 1/c DiLoreto, E. 
Private Dennis, Rover C. 
Private 1/c Hoskins, Nedd 
Private Lettiere, Daniel 
Private Melvin, Trueman 
Private Rattenburry, H. 
Private 1/c Smith, C. F. 
Private Stonestreet, Charles 
Private 1/c Wachowaik, J.C. 
Private 1/c Zalabak, W. 

Company "D" 

Corporal Marchec, Frank 
Bugler Mondress, Harry 
Private Cohen, Daniel 
Private Crawford, Lewis 
Private Crowder, John 
Private Ferguson, Ralph 
Private Ferris, Sidney 
Private Roebuck, James 
*Private Schroeder, Derwin 
Private Weekley, Ralph R. 

Company "E" 

1st Lieut. Davidson, P. E. 
Sergeant Reed, Mark 
Sergeant Jones, Frank 
Corporal Arruppe, Sefferino 
Corporal Drew, Frank E. 
Corporal Lawton, Harry 
Corporal Lubby, Harry 
Private Gregorie, Eugene L. 
Private Gustas, Anton 
Private Johnson, Olo 
Private Kessel, Snowden 
Private 1/c Morrissey, D. P. 
Private Morrissey, John P. 
Private Myhre, Willie 
Private Peetz, Fred 



Company "F" 

2nd Lieutenant Grant, D. S. 
Corporal Priejeff, Z. 
Private Aspender, L. 
Private Boness, George 
Private Burnor, Nelson 
Private Bute, Lloyd C. 
Private Byrne, J. J. 
Private Ewell, Frank B. 
Private Gignac, Eugene C. 
Private Johnson, Charles 

*Private Kapschull, W. M. 
Private Lewis, Carl D. 
Private Miline, Archie 
Private Mjelde, Obert J. 

*Private Moore, Allie P. 
Private Morrison, James 
Private Morrison, John M. 
Private Moss, Theodore C. 

*Private Murphy, F. D. 
Private Olskevitch, Michael 
Private 1/c Priejeff, Zosmo 
Private Putnam, George 
Private Shutt, Henry 
Private Surface, Harry C. 
Private Swan, Ernest 
Private Wright, William A. 

Company "G" 

2nd Lieutenant Kelly, J. A. 
Sergeant Murphy, John A. 
Sergeant Pooley, Mark A. 
Corporal Gere, James 
Corporal White, R. G. 
Mechanic Roy, Harry 
Private Antrillo, Joseph 
Private Cheerington, J. N. 
Private Demel, Adolph 
Private Duncan, Benton 
Private Edwards, Prentice 
Private Hill, George 
Private Thoman, Henry 
Private Safford, Paul 



Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 



Haley, Clarence 
Hertter, Harry J. 
Marvin, Elbert 
Manos, Mike 
Parades, Antone 
Rooney, Joseph 
Saley, Leon 
Shaefer, William 
Szyjka, Walter 



Company "I" 

2nd Lieut. Funderberg, C. 
Sergeant Garnett, Walter H. 
Corporal Masterson, B. W. 
Private Buchanan, Clyde E. 
Private DeDionigi, Michele 
Private Dunn, John M. 
Private Mann, Thomas 
Private Miller, Arthur 
Private Peterson, Harry 
Private Steeniske, Andreas 

Company "K" 

*lst Lieutenant Seipel, A. V. 
Private Lewis, Austin 
Private Emerson, Harold 

Company "L" 

Corporal Taylor, James F. 
Private Runge, Charles 

Company "M" 

*lst Lieut. Schmidt, T. D. 
Corporal Bressett, Clinton 
Corporal Taylor, Gui 
Corporal Weathers, John 
Mechanic Gray, S. 
Private Bayko, Sedor P. 
Private Cook, Travis D. 
Private Fish, Arthur G. 
Private Reano, Joseph 
Private Thompson, Walter 



Company "H" Medical Detachm't. 



Corporal Harding, Jesse C. 
Private Antrovus, Rome 



Private 1/c Ische, A. H. 
Private O'Connel, P. J. 



Verdun Sector: Meuse-Argonne; Argonne Forest; Vicinity of 

Cuisy, Bois de Septsarges, Bois de Fay, Bois De 

Malaumont and Bois de Foret 

September 26th to October i%th, 1918 

Lieut. Col. Holliday, W. E. 

Headquarters Co. 



Supply Company 

Corporal Mercer, Stephen 
Private Loop, Omer 



*Died of wounds. 



Sergeant Grace, Joseph 
Sergeant Young, Harold O. 

95 



Corporal Gill, John I. 
Private Huff, Claude A. 
Private Thorson, W. R. 
Private Stevenson, Elmer 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Machine Gun Co. Company "B" 



1st Lieutenant Martin, R. A. 
Corporal Buma, Raymond 
Corporal Hogan, Charles 
Corporal Pennings, Alfred 

*Corporal Sullivan, William 
Mechanic Gorgen, Peter 
Private Allen, William 
Private Brown, Waldo R. 
Private Call, William D. 

*Private Case, Sylvester 
Private Crowl, Stephen 
Private Cyr, Thomas D. 
Private 1/c McElfresh, R. F. 
Private 1/c Evans, John E. 
Private Fantanella, C. D. 
Private Hassett, Thomas J. 
Private Huffman, John M. 
Private Hyder, William F. 
Private Jones, Charles C. 
Private Kuhlmier, Raymond 
Private Meyers, Harry 
Private Moon, James 
Private Olson, Fred 
Private Robinson, James 
Private Sanford, Leo 
Private Wilson, Otis 
Private Wiseheart, Oral 
Private 1/c Wotruba A. J. 

Company "A" 

Corporal Alkire, Milford 
Corporal Brating, Einar 

*Corporal Crow, Glenn 
Corporal Rauben, Daniel 
Bugler Able, Manuel 
Bugler Crider, Charles C. 
Private Andreas, Roland 
Private Antonio, Alfred 
Private Chezum, Richard 
Private Davis, James 
Private Dilworth, Joseph 
Private Dovson, Elmer T. 
Private Farrel, Patrick 
Private Fosnaugh, Cecil 
Private Farina, Salvatore 

*Private Gross, August A. 
Private Hanna, Rover C. 
Private Massera, Angelo 
Private Mazzello, Pasquale 
Private Milburn, Ralph 
Private Sarina, Savatore 
Private Swirski, Joseph 

fPrivate Taitas, George 
Private Trhlik, August 
Private Urys, John F. 
Private Welch, William A. 
Private W T ren, William T. 
Private Yenner, Jacob A. 

*Died of wounds. 
fMissing in action. 



Sergeant Ambos, Hyman L. 
Sergeant Morehart, W. A. 

tCorporal Bronkhorst, John 
Corporal Haynel, Simon E. 
Corporal Tipil, Charles J. 
Bugler Mazzalo, Phillip 
Private Anderson, Pete 

fPrivate Barkley, Joseph 
Private Bauman, Walter F. 
Private Basel, Ferdinand 
Private Buckmier, George 
Private Chambers, William 
Private Chatterton, C. 
Private Crumpley, Sam 
Private Clatworthy, George 
Private Eisenberg, David 
Private Guenther, Frank E. 
Private Holtz, Henry F. 
Private Huntley, Thomas 
Private 1/c Kane, John 
Private 1/c Jerrells, Hennen 
Private Mangion, T. K. 
Private McKinney, Samuel 
Private Nowlin, James 
Private Paetz, Louis 
Private Ried, James 
Private Sannes, Edward M. 
Private Stockton, L. W. 
Private Swackhammer, J.W. 
Private 1/c Warren, L. 
Private Wholt, Arthur O. 

Company "C" 

Sergeant Zell, Lottie A. 
Corporal Raszeja, Frank 
Corporal Reber, George W. 
Corporal Robinson, A. E. 
Private Adams, Grover C. 
Private Baker, Alvin 
fPrivate Beack, Albert 
Private 1/c Borski, John F. 
Private Christoph, E. E. 
Private Conty, James 
Private 1/c Davis, Amy A. 
Private Dennis, William 
Private Gourley, Charles O. 
Private Kautz, Daniel A. 
Private Martin, Edward 
Private Sotello, Santiago 

Company "D" 

*2nd Lieutenant Moore, E. L. 
2nd Lieutenant Stacker, R. C. 
Sergeant Collier, Orien 
Comoral Gedda, Peter 
Corporal Kozokiecz, W. 
Corporal Riley, Michael 
Corporal Weinberg, A. D. 
Bugler Young, Marshall E. 
Private Ackerman, L. W. 



Private Baltus, Walter 
Private Berg, Fred 
Private Basarexski, Felikas 
Private Campbell, Edward 
Private Corccorrello, L. 
Private Czerna, Joseph 
Private Downey, Leo 
Private Herbert, Charles J. 
Private Kennedy, Harold G. 
Private Kent, William 
Private Kirzinger, Mathew 
Private Lowery, Edward 
Private Opgenhaffen, H. C. 
Private Wiebell, Otto 
Private Yates, Thomas B. 

Company "E" 

2nd Lieut. Edmond, J. A. 
Sergeant Gaynor, Frank 
Private Atwater, William 

fPrivate Allison, Johnny 
Private Brown, Joseph C. 
Private Constantino, Cesare 
Private Carney, M. F. 
Private Gauthier, Arthur 
Private Ifallo, Maetteo 
Private 1/c Ingber, Sam'l S. 
Private Lebond, Edmon 
Private Jensen, Theodore P. 
Private Keumerle, Fred L. 
Private Kulfsky, Morris 
Private Kurloff, Morris 

*Private 1/c McNew, F. G. 
Private Morlock, Oliver E. 
Private Nebbelin, Ralph 
Private Olson, Alfred A. 
Private Ruff sky, Morris 
Private Schneider, W. J. 
Private Shaff, Norris 
Private Shussman, Gregory 
Private Simmons, Ernest 
Private Thompson, Floyd 

fPrivate Voll, William H. 
Private Wright, Edgar 
Private Zunker, Herman 

Company "F" 

Sergeant Calbots, Benjamin 
Sergeant Hickman, Clyde 
Sergeant Jones, R. W. 
Mechanic Kosso, Peter 
Private 1/c Brinkman, W. F. 
Private Dobry, Charles 
Private Foye, Sidney T. 
Private Holojian, Paul B. 
Private Huges, Louis 
Private Koellen, Emanuel 
Private Mayette, Luke J. 
Private Petroski, John 
Private Plant, Ernest 
Private Poulos, George 
Private Sobatta, Charles A. 



96 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Private Spencer, Theron M. 
Private Toombs, Perry 
♦Private Wemberly, J. H. 

Company "G" 

Corporal Hill, George 
Corporal Ouhl, Jacob 
Private Carey, Daniel P. 
Private Fornaciari, August 
Private Freer, Ralph 
Private 1/c Hake, WalterA. 
Private Kelly, George 
Private Mallot, Peter A. 
Private 1/c Murray, Henry 
Private Overholt, Lester 
Private Pinnecker, Walter 
Private Smith, George 
Private Strong, Robert 
Private Umbenhauer E. D. 

Company "H" 

2nd. Lt. Montgomery, G. D. 
Sergeant Dallman, Emil 
Sergeant Engleman, W. F. 
Private Barnes, William 
Private Burkey, Ralph 
Private Burns, Jesse O. 
Private Elbus, George J. 
Private Dearhardt, G. R. 
Private Koenig, Christ 
Private Lopario, Francesco 
Private Michel, Howard 
Private Phillips, William H. 
Private Schultz, Arthur 
Private 1/c Wilson, James 

Company "I" 

2nd Lieut. Graham, W. S. 
Corporal Clemmons, R. R. 
Corporal Gilbert, E. A. 
Corporal Goaltz, Herman 
Cook Bergonzi, Albert W. 
Private Attwood, George C. 
Private Bideau, Adelord 
Private Blakesly, Eli 



Private Blough, Forest F. 
Private Bourdeau, Joseph J. 
Private Broszys, John 
Private Byrne, James J. 
Private Canavan, C. E. 

♦Private Donner, August 
Private Gill, Edward 
Private Hanson, Eldridge 
Private Hanson, LeRoy 
Private Idehar, Frank F. 
Private Kreuger, Willie A. 
Private Mason, Alf. 
Private Nagle, John 
Private Oats, Stephen 
Private Obrien, Joe 

♦Private Peterson, Harry A. 
Private 1/c Proszcz, John 
Private Scheriger, Arnold 
Private Smith, Walter 
Private Thorsdon, John C. 

Company "K" 

1st Lt. Parnell, George D. 
Sergeant Roberts, Joseph B. 
Corporal Jansen, John 
Private Bolea, Raffalle 
Private Brenden, Henry O. 
Private 1/c Brown, Walter 
Private Cage, Robert 
Private Cook, Henry A. 
Private Crosby, Thomas H. 
Private 1/c Fedouk, Philip 
Private Gowan, Herbert 
Private 1/c Murmane, Hugh 
Private Ransdell, Edward E. 
Private Toto, Giovanni 
Private Wasney, Joseph B. 
Private Zimmerman, Paul 

Company "L" 

Sergeant McKee, John 
Sergeant Paul, Ora E. 
Corporal Hendricks, Joseph 
Corporal Looman, Walter 
Corporal MaGrane, F. J. 



Corporal Upton, LeRoy 
Private Boman, Carl 
Private Briganski, John 
Private Brown, John E. 
Private Dooley, James E. 
Private Frederick, John C. 
Private Gallagher, Patrick J. 
Private Heard, Ross P. 
Private Hutton, John T. 
Private Kiser, William C. 
Private Miller, Morris 
Private Moon, Allen 
Private Pettigrew, Luther A. 
Private Pierce, Charles 
Private 1/c Schroeder, J. L. 
Private Stadig, Bertel G. 
Private Whelar, Marli E. 

Company "iM" 

2nd Lt. Hodge, William G. 
1st Sgt. Larman, Walter H. 
Bugler Goddard, Ralph 
Corporal Stewart, Paul L. 
Corporal Wood, Charles 
Private Abramowitz, A. H. 
Private 1/c Brizanski, J. J. 
Private Collins, Julius F. 

♦Private Draper, Austin 
Private Funkhauser, John F. 
Private Jones, Jesse B. 
Private Ledregerber, Wm. 
Private Mitchell, Corbet 
Private Miller, Samuel 
Private Moore, George H. 
Private Mulligan, Robert 
Private Parry, William 
Private Puplinski, Claude 
Private Rains, Hyiam D. 
Private Reagan, Daniel 
Private Shager, Stephen F. 

i'Private Snow, Fred M. 
Private Turner, Pally 

Medical Detachm't. 

Private Kimball, Paul C. 



*Died of wounds. 
fMissing in action. 



97 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

Wounded in Action — Aisne-Marne Offensive: Vicinity of 

Noroy, Troesnes and Chouy-sur-Ourcq 

July iSth to July 21st, 19 18 



Major Clement, Joseph T. 
Captain Fisher, John T. 
Captain Norton, R. W. 
1st Lt. GilHn, George H. 
1st Lt. Leo, Carl 
1st Lt. Lynch, Joseph A. 
2nd. Lt. Cohn, Herbert L. 
2nd Lt. Davis, Walter B. 
2nd Lt. Emmons, Albert W. 

Headquarters Co. 

Corporal Pepper, Joe 
Private Bollard, Driard 
Private Chapman, J. M. 
Private Jackson, John J. 
Private Dudre, Charles E. 

Machine Gun Co. 

Sergeant May, Charles F. 
Private 1/c Ferrick, T. M. 
Private Howard, Victor H. 
Private Robertson, Victor 

Supply Company 

Cook Rydicki, Varney 
Cook Williams, Burt 
Wagoner Lopes, John 

Company "A" 

Corporal Cidado, August 
Bugler Krider, Charles E. 
Private Ballard, Dillard 
Private Boze, Earl 
Private Ford, Charles 
Private Wadmausse, Max 

Company "B" 

Sergeant Lane, Mercer J. 
Sergeant Mather, Albert 
Corporal Cotton, George C. 
Corporal Kopinski, Joseph 
Corporal Richards, Thomas 
Mechanic Pace, Fred 
Private Adams, Frank 
Private Allred, Mell 
Private Baker, Harry 
Private Broom, Lonnie 
Private Capabiango 
Private Chidsey, John 
Private Cohen, Samuel 
Private Covey, Leo 
Private Cziakowski, Walter 



Private Emmet, Adolph 
Private Luker, Ray 
Private Nix, Clyde 
Private Thompson, Jasper 
Private Vogt, George 
Private Zimmerman, A. 

Company "C" 

Corporal Krueger, George 
Corporal Sears, Frasier L. 
Corporal Tunontuil, Samuel 
Private Barnes, Frank W. 
Private Burlson, Henry 
Private 1/c Campion, Oscar 
Private Keltner, Thomas L. 
Private 1/c Late, Herman 
Private 1/c Morell, Frank 
Private 1/c Saebert, Oscar L. 
Private Wilson, Sam 
Private Zakrawske, Julius 

Company "D" 

Corporal Drohm, Oscar 
Corporal Hennan, Arthur 
Corporal Pool, Adam 
Private Bordes, Fred 
Private Grones, Earl 
Private Ockerson, Arthur 
Private Prichard, Edward 

Company "E" 

Corporal Blane, Edmund 
Private Antonetti, Morg 
Private Brown, Webster 
Private Collobby, William 
Private Craven, John B. 
Private Migloid, Frank 
Private Olson, Oscar M. 
Private Scott, Grier 
Private Wood, George F. 

Company "F" 

Private Black, James L. 
Private Carrol, Marcy 
Private Dunham, Charles F. 
Private Fabioni, Lugi 
Private Ferlick, John 
Private Gleason, John 
Private Hyrok, Joseph 
Private McCloskey, Leo 
Private Morrelle, Fortynoto 
Private Shores, Frank 
Private Timothy, David 



Company U G"* 

Sergeant Barry, Michael J. 
Sergeant Carrington, E. 
Corporal Reynolds, Francis 
Private Berg, Hans 
Private Bonnen, William 
Private Carey 
Private Cook, Thomas 
Private DeRusha, Charles 
Private Dishno, Henry 
Private Dixon, George 
Private Erickson, George 
Private Evanson, Leonard O. 
Private Felder, Charles 
Private Ferguson, Robert 
Private Fitzsimmons, John 
Private Gray, Charles 
Private Hannel, Jacob 
Private Hetrick, Robert C. 
Private Harting 
Private Heikland, John 
Private Henstis, John 
Private Horton, Mellard 
Private Johnson, Thomas 
Private Kluess, Henry C. 
Private Luedka, James F. 
Private Love, George H. 
Private Marciukus, Joseph 
Private Milewski, Roman 
Private Monk, Will C. 
Private Murry, Joe 
Private Nogorg, Mirom 
Private Nellimorem, Joy C. 
Private Nelson, Francis G. 
Private Palmerton, Herbert 
Private Perry, Thomas H. 
Private Podel, Max 
Private Rockwell, Guy 
Private Robynor, James 
Private Rosenfield, Morris E. 
Private Stafford, Paul S. 
Private Smith, Fred L. 
Private Spoin, Floyd 
Private Streit 
Private Stuhlman, Wilson 
Private Sutton, Floyd 
Private Taylor, William L. 
Private Tomi, Albert 
Private Tracy, Martin J. 
Private Verberg, John 
Private Vickers, Frederick 
Private Walls, Earl 
Private Welch, George E. 
Private Wright, George. 



*Includes men wounded between August 1st to 12th, 1918. 



IOO 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Company "H" 

Sergeant Lindberg, Oscar 
Corporal Devine, LaVerne 
Private Ackerman, Walter 
Private Booth, Phillip 
Private Denzler, Percy R. 
Private Eledge, Corbit 
Private Gottwald 
Private Hoistington, Willis 
Private Kenney, Richard A. 
Private Rocesa, Gerard 
Private McLaughlin, Joseph 
Private Naumchik, John 
Private Peterson, Clark 
Private Robinson, James 
Private Sinclair, Fred 
Private Soners, Treon B. 
Private Shirley, Raymond 
Private Skaggs, Fred 
Private Tarch, William 
Private Trace, Earl J. 

Company "I" 

Private Allen, Walter 
Private Aszuisik, John F. 
Private Bennett, Fred L. 
Private Biango, Angelo 
Private Boldin, William J. 
Private Clipton, Joseph 
Private Collins, Joseph 
Private Cooper, Charles E. 
Private Coote, Harry 



Private Doherty, Hugh 
Private Domingo, John 
Private Embree, Charles F. 
Private Derakas, Marinos 
Private Grier, William O. 
Private Hoar, Edgar E. 
Private Kazis, George 
Private Meir, Walter 
Private Parent, Arthur 
Private Placek, Rudolph 
Private Vogregrsong, C. W. 

Company "K" 

1st Sergeant Butler, T. 
Sergeant Lavelle, George D. 
Corporal Fitzpatrick, T. 
Corporal Laforvitz, Moses 
Mechanic Wright, T. W. 
Private Casta, Anton C. 
Private Eaton, Fred H. 
Private Hichey, Edward 
Private Hines, Reuben 
Private Kupervvitz, W. 
Private Luley, Charles C. 
Private Monroe, Seymoure 
Private Pedronti, C. 
Private Reese, Elmer G. 
Private Robinson, Martin 
Private Robinson, Frank 
Private Schuertpeter, Emil 
Private Schultz, Gus H. 
Private Settles, William 



Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 



Sketers, Jasper 
Stranch, B. F. 
Schwertweger, E. 
Tracasso, Tony 
Willis, G. W. 
Wyatt, W. H. 
Wylie, Frank 
Wells, Lester 
Whalen, Phillip 



Company "L" 

Corporal Aleidr, Arthur 
Corporal Leideke, Eni 
Corporal Parks, Clarence 

Company "M" 

Sergeant Lehr, Herbert 
Corporal Kaevney, Richard 
Private Davis, Owen 
Private Delgino, Antonio 
Private Dow, Vernon 
Private Fauster, Clifford 
Private Finley, Jefferson 
Private Lanberger, Oluf 
Private Latho, Frank 
Private Marzonalla, Stychon 
Private Mayes, Jeff E. 
Private Norton, Anthony T. 
Private Partington, George 
Private Porter, James 
Private Sparmon, George 
Private VanHee, Herman J. 



Wounded in Action — Air Raid at Foret de Fere: Vesle River 

and Vicinity of St. Thibaut 

August ist to 12th, 1918 



Major Mitchell, M. C. 
Captain Baylor, C. A., Jr. 
*Captain Chapman, H. H. 
Captain Eddy, Manton S. 
Captain Rausseau, V. P. 
Captain Slate, Ralph 
1st Lieut. Crabtree, H. L. 
1st Lieut. Edwards 
1st Lieut. Holtslaw 
1st Lieut. Lowry, James R. 
1st Lieut. Pence, Charles W. 
1st Lieut. Schmidt, T. D. 
1st Lieut. Seiple, A. V. 
1st Lieut. Volmrich, A. F. 
2nd Lieut. Carton, W. J. 
2nd Lieut. Cohn, II. L. 
2nd Lieut. Curry, John L. 
2nd Lieut. Gaston, H. B. 
2nd Lieut. Kennedy, A. J. 
2nd Lieut. Ludlam, C. A. 

* Died of Wounds. 



2nd Lieut. McCauley, A. B. 
2nd Lieut. Winters, John F. 
2nd Lieut. Mankey, R. L. 

Headquarters Co. 

Sergeant Major Rogers, C. 
Asst. B. M. Berry, Oliver K. 
Sergeant Brown, John W. 
Sergeant Cleveland, C. H. 
Sergeant Peterson, John 
Sergeant Schwab, C. H. 
Corporal Baldwin, C. H. 
Corporal Bollsworth, W. 
Corporal Bryand, Cyrus G. 
Corporal Durgin, Leslie S. 
Corporal Hughes, David 
Corporal Norris, Walter G. 
Corporal Richardson, O. A. 
Musician Bilardo, John 

IOI 



Musician Tilken, Charles 
Mechanic Baumgartner, F. J. 
Private Augerinos, Peter 
Private Banks, Charles F. 
Private Beech, Dallas O. 
Private Boska, Edward 
Private Briner, Maurice 
Private Borkers, Stanley 
Private Dugan, James 
Private Durrant, Harold 
Private Elliot, William 
Private Ercanbrack, Albert 
Private Griffiths, C. W. 
Private Harrigan, George 
Private Heinbockel, George 
Private Kurtz, Anton O. 
Private Lesir, James 
Private Meckler, John 
Private Mick, Max 
Private Miller, Romeo 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Private McParten, Michael 
Private Olpers, Raymond G. 
Private O'Niel, Herbert 
Private Petchet, Otto 
Private Prentice, William 
Private Rooney, William 
Private Rudinish, John E. 
Private Runge 
Private Sherburn, Edward 
Private Skelly, William J. 
Private Sorenson, Paul T. 
Private Turner, George A. 
Private Wajtalik, Stanley 
Private Weiture, William 
Private Williamson, L. L. 
Private Wilson, Clyde 

Machine Gun Co. 

Sergeant Kroll, Bernhard 
Corporal Deaton, Harold C. 
Private Doran, Joseph M. 
Private Hoge, Archibald 
Private Manezurousky, P. 
Private McCormic, A. L. 
Private 1/c Robertson, V. 
Private Schronck, John W. 
Private Stutthin, Elmer E. 

Company "A" 

1st Sergeant Agnar, John 
Sergeant Skelly, William J. 
Sergeant Smith, Thomas D. 
Corporal Baldwin, Ora A. 
Corporal Chambers, Thomas 
Corporal Graffe, Werner 
Corporal Guse, Richard 
Corporal Palmer, Charles A. 
Corporal Richardson, E. L. 
Corporal Stark, Frank C. 
Corporal Sullivan, James H. 
Corporal Zanella, Louis 
Mechanic Baumgartaner, G. 
Private Allen, Fred J. 
Private Alpers, Raymond G. 
Private Augeines, Peter 
Private Bartkus, Joseph 
Private Baske, Edward W. 
Private Belles, Joseph 
Private Bradford, Fred J. 
Private Brooks, Albert 
Private Clayton, Jepthia L. 
Private Danelski, Joseph 
Private Dettloff, Frank A. 
Private Dolback, David J. 
Private Durgin, Leslie S. 
Private Garezyuski, Stanley 
Private Hoover, Sherman 
Private Johnson, John O. 
Private Lemkuil, Ray 
Private Lisie, James 



Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 



Martin, Ben 
Miggett, John 
Moore, Clyde J. 
Peters, Henry A. 
Rudimski, John E. 
Schmell, Jacob 
Skully, John M. 
Williamson, L. W, 
Werting, John D. 
Weitner, William 
Young, Francis 



Company "B" 

Sergeant O'Conner, Bernard 
Corporal Clapp, Norman 
Corporal Hehr, Fred 
Mechanic Manseur, Frank 
Mechanic Taylor, Max 
Bugler Fournier, Ernest 
Private Abel, Dan 
Private Aurand, Edward B. 
Private Biederbeck, Harley 
Private Buckley, W. D. 
Private Conroy, Sherman 
Private Morgan, James G. 
Private Panzones, Spera 
Private Pendell, Sylvest 
Private Phillips, Alonzo 
Private Setha, Frank 
Private Smith, Joseph 

Company "C" 

Corporal Burno, John F. 
Corporal Mitchelf, C. H. 
Corporal Wilczorsky, F. 
Bugler Boucher, Ernest 
Private Beshaw, Joseph 
Private Blow, Rupert 
Private Blau, Alvin 
Private Bois, Dilndonne 
Private Birmingham, W. J. 
Private DeGainer, Arthur 
Private 1/c Dilon, Michael 
Private Derabossi, Gusceipe 
Private Fieso, Umbert 
Private Foust, Paul E. 
Private 1/c Herring, F. H. 
Private 1/c Humes, C. V. 
Private Jacobs, Elmer 
Private Levassal, Howard 
Private Loschiavo, August 
Private Miller, William 
Private Molino, Emanuel 
Private Neheim, Albert O. 
Private Ogen, Heibert 
Private Poper, Frank M. 
Private Ponn, John 
Private Paulson, Henry 
Private Reily, Frank H. 
Private Robrigues, Joe 
Private Rogland, W. R. 



Private Spraggins, Doro 
Private Szwedas, John A. 
Private Urnosky, Brunes 
Private Walls, Joe W. 
Private Weisman, Elmer J. 
Private Whalen, George 

Company "D" 

Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 



Auezak, Stanley 
Billitz, Frank 
Borggorm, John 
Bregger, Peter 
Briggs, Aubry 
Bekker, Peter 
Cizek, Charles W. 
Coamaya, C. W. 
Drake, Chester 
Edmonson, Ralph D. 
Friedman, Fred 
Gioeomozzi, A. 
Hart, Jesse 
Helms, Hally O. 
Jackson, Adil W. 
Jones, Horey 
Kasberg, Edward 
Kellogg, H. B. 
Meiteinger, Pier 
Rosh, Charles R. 
VonAlmen, C. C 
Wells, Thomas A. 



Company "E" 

Sergeant Connan, William 
Sergeant Garrett, Leslie 
Sergeant Jacques, Claud 
Sergeant Pridgen, Robert R. 
Corporal Carrol, Ollie 
Corporal Davis, Walter 
Corporal Frederick, W. V. 
Corporal Nichols, Frank 
Corporal Varno, Frank 
Bugler VanOsdel, George 
Mechanic McFarr, W. E. 
Private Bolin, John D. 
Private Brendel, David 
Private Champutmer, E. 
Private Champutmer, Leon 
Private Constantino, Nicola 
Private Driscoll, Terrance 
Private Endaley, C. W. 
Private Farell, Joseph 
Private Giarmetti, Antonio 
Private Glodneey, Horace 
Private Grefario, Francisco 
Private Greiner, Clarence 
Private Grosens, Jacob 
Private Hoalon, Neal 
Private Hopkins, Amos 
Private Isaac, Jim 
Private Imperi, Eggieii 
Private Knuth, Joseph 



1 02 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Private Kealey, James 
Private Kelly, Richard 
Private Nox, Floyd 
Private Krigg, George 
Private Lauer, Frederick 
Private Legera, Pasquale 
Private Mason, Richard F. 
Private McCase, George 
Private Nebbio, Raffaele 
Private Neier, Cole 
Private Pavitt, Perry R. 
Private Peznaitis, Charles 
Private Rizzulo, Joseph 
Private Russin, Arthur 
Private Saunders, Chester 
Private Schnicht, Alfred M. 
Private Schrincht, George 
Private Sherwood, C. A. 
Private Tighe, Edward 
Private Trent, Oddis 
Private Van De More, John 
Private Verrille, Leondrel 
Private Waliloski, August 

Company "F" 

1st Sergeant Ryan, Michael 
Sergeant Johnson, S. W. 
Sergeant Soffner, Ray 
Sergeant Stuber, William 
Corporal Davis, Walter 
Corporal Day, George 
Corporal Fredericks, Edwin 
Corporal Henry, Franklin 
Corporal Jones, Harry 
Corporal Stork, Charles J. 
Corporal Thomas, Harry 
Corporal Zeal, John 
Bugler Crestino, John 
Cook Malone, Pearl 
Cook McNulty, Frank 
Mechanic Peterson, H. F. 
Private Adams, Carol E. 
Private Adams, Oliver 
Private Allison, Johnny 
Private Becker, William 
Private Bjornsen, Adolph 
Private Boragno, Giovani 
Private Baylick, William 
Private Castell, Arthur 
Private Cowell, Herbert 
Private Corrigan, Arthur 
Private Clayton, George 
Private Coddington, W. F. 
Private Cologgi, Egreino 
Private Cotrsuns, Sorofin 
Private Church, Emery 
Private Davis, Lawrence J. 
Private Delmasso, Joseph 
Private Divartolomeo, D. 
Private Earhart, Lee 
Private Garrett, Forest W. 



Private Groves, Lewis 
Private Helman, John 
Private Hogan, Thomas 
Private Hopkins, Walter E. 
Private Jones, Edward 
Private Kay, James W. 
Private Klain, Edward 
Private Kloek, Edward 
Private List, Clarence 
Private Laspinoso, Vito 
Private Lunn, John 
Private Mahoney, James B. 
Private Mahoney, Daniel J. 
Private Manders, Warren 
Private Martin, Charles T. 
Private McCullough, James 
Private McCreary, James 
Private McGinsey, Jack 
Private Menitt, Roy 
Private Moore, Allie 
Private Mork, James 
Private Murray, Joseph 
Private Musik, James L. 
Private Niedecken, George 
Private Noll, Fred R. 
Private Parsons, Edward 
Private Peterson, Johonnas 
Private Peterson, William 
Private Piper, Edward 
Private Quinn, Edward 
Private Shockling, William 
Private Skretos, Louis 
Private Smith, Charles 
Private Smith, Stanley H. 
Private Stegmeyer, Herman 
Private St. Rock, William 
Private Tomeo, Antonio 
Private Udager, Thomas 
Private Wigtel, Andrew 
Private Witherspoon, S. 
Private White, Mancel 
Private Whitley, John 

Company "H" 

Sergeant Creter, Charles L. 
Sergeant Libertz, Joseph 
Sergeant Lunberg, Oscar 
Sergeant Mahon, Louis 
Sergeant Sessions, Thomas 
Sergeant Wilson, William 
Corporal Alley, Charles 
Corporal Coad, William B. 
Corporal Dolan, James J. 
Corporal Headled, Roy L. 
Corporal McLaughlin, E. F. 
Corporal Seger, Fred 
Corporal Spatro, Walter 
Private Blessing, Charles 
Private Borburek 
Private Breen, Charles 
Private Bucci, Eltore 



Private Cogswell, James 
Private Downey, Edsell B. 
Private Folso, Sempson 
Private Graefenecker, L. 
Private Haug, Adolph 
Private Knipp, Charles C. 
Private McMillan, W. T. 
Private Nickolson, Walter 
Private Nickolson, Lewis 
Private Pedregon, Thomas 
Private Pennington, W. 
Private Reback 
Private Simpson, William 
Private Woods, Charles J. 

Company "I" 

Sergeant Norton, John 
Private Clore, Bernard 
Private DelFranco, Joseph 
Private Dohlby, Crisp J. 
Private Ghio, Anton 
Private Kawalski, John 
Private Kreuger, Wilbur 
Private Laugerby, Frank M. 
Private Nolan, Vernon P. 
Private O'Connor, Arthur 
Private Ostrea, John 
Private Richlefew, Surfell 
Private Romano, Micke 
Private Ross, Geny 
Private Savage, Ezra 
Private Schwartz, Henry 
Private Sleinkiste, Andrew 
Private Sullivan, Joseph J. 
Private Smith, Willie 
Private Sobille, John 
Private Spella, Sam 
Private Spotto, Vincenzo 
Private Stanley, Walter 
Private Swain, Fred 
Private Travis, James 
Private Umschueider, W. 
Private Vesterby, C. M. 
Private Wandle, Fred 
Private Wavghop, Clyde B. 
Private Whitney, James H. 
Private Zithuss, Antonio 
Private Zockerdoff, John 

Company "K" 

Mess Sergt. Ratcliffe, C. G. 
Corporal Corey, Rosy S. 
Corporal Soginski, Stanley 
Corporal Sheldon, Albert 
Private Stork, Walter J. 
Private Kelley, Henry B. 
Private Arena, Louis 
Private Doglish, James J. 
Private Emerson, Harold H. 
Private Hammond, H. E. 



IO3 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Private Kapanke, Fred W. 
Private Kemper, R. C. 
Private Lewis, Austin 
Private Newbauer, Emil 
Private Percherc, A. 
Private Pfoff, Frank 
Private Poteet, Harry 
Private Robinson, John H. 
Private Taylor, Oscar V. 
Private Telia, Frank 
Private Tonnell, Charles W. 
Private Turner, Edward W. 
Private Tracasso, Tony 
Private Whaltes, David 

Company "L" 

Sergeant Roach, Edgar 
Corporal Cockran, Charles 
Mechanic Slowry, William 



Private 1/c Asch, Herman 
Private Burgess, Walter 
Private Guiliano, Nicholas 
Private Grahousky, Harry 
Private Grote, William 
Private Manfredi, Anthon 
Private McMillian, Gordan 
Private McVea, Willard 
Private Parrish, Paul 
Private Payton, Jasper 
Private Polesimi, Alfonso 
Private Rossi, Jack 
Private Sealise, Francisco 

Company "M" 

Sergeant Dolton, Will J. 
Sergeant Donahue, W. E. 
Sergeant Hans, Walter E. 
Sergeant Jones, Harry 



Corporal Babola, Frank 
Corporal Kroner, Arthur 
Corporal Long, Albert J. 
Private Anderson, James 
Private Ctalonce, Vito 
Private Chestnut, Ralph 
Private Cooley, LeRoy 
Private Cozachuck, Hames 
Private Dean, Chester H. 
Private Olsen, Charles 
Private Parter, Clement 
Private Peatriea, Geonanne 
Private Shields, Earl 
Private Sheriff, Martin 
Private Shotwell, Frank C. 
Private Stefano, Donto 
Private Tustano, Antonio 
Private Weathers, John L. 
Private West, William 
Private Zimmerman, J. C. 



Wounded in Action — -Verdun Sector: Meuse-Argonne — Vicinity 

of Cuisy, Bois de Septsarges, Bois de Fay, Bois de 

Malaumont and Bois de Foret 

September 26th to October iHth, 1918 



Colonel Bolles, Frank C. 

Colonel Parsons, James K. 

Major Winton, Roy W. 
*Captain Plumley, R. G. 

Captain Slate, Ralph 

1st Lieut. Arthur, Joseph N. 
*lst Lieut. Bradley, C. L. 

1st Lieut. Campbell, E. F. 

1st Lieut. Campbell, J. R. 

1st Lieut. Cain, William R. 
*lst Lieut. Eddy, John R. 

1st Lieut. Fallingim, Henry 

1st Lieut. Storey, W. A. 
*lst Lieut. Trenholm, D. DeS. 

1st Lieut. Vandemoer, H. M. 
*lst Lieut. Wood, Charles H. 

2nd Lieut. Baer, Sanford 

2nd Lieut. Bradford, F. S. 

2nd Lieut. Bond, Edward G. 

2nd Lieut. Cohn, Herbert L. 

2nd Lieut. Edmond, J. A. 

2nd Lieut. Fisher, Carl 

2nd Lieut. Galloway, R. N. 

2nd Lieut. Harrison, L. B. 

2nd Lieut. Hartnett, C. 

2nd Lieut. Jacobson, A. S. 
*2nd Lieut. Johnson, R. 

2nd Lieut. Kaminski, T. 
*2nd Lieut. Weber, Leigh 

2nd Lieut. McClelland, Q. J. 

2nd Lieut. Mitchell, John J. 

2nd Lieut. Murray, A. D. 

* Gassed. 



2nd Lt. Mutzebaugh, R. R. 
2nd Lieut. Peace, Alfred N. 
2nd Lieut. Schlegal, Ivan G. 
2nd Lieut. Sinnott, T. G. 

Headquarters Co. 

Sgt. Maj. Franklin, D. B. 
Sgt. Maj. Sutherland, L. 
Sergeant Adney, C. D. 
Sergeant Henry, Leland 
Sergeant Howard, Henry 
Sergeant Huddleston, W. A. 
Sergeant Jewell, A. R. 
Sergeant Lane, Walter E. 
Sergeant Pepper, Joe 
Sergeant Seenctre, E. N. 
Sergeant Smith, Ralph N. 
Corporal Allen, Willis 
Corporal Bishop, Charles B. 
Corporal Brooklins, John B. 
Corporal Campbell, C. C. 
Corporal Coleman, Walter 
Corporal Crum, Frank J. 
Corporal Doney, James 
Corporal Dufore, Arthur C. 
Corporal Ferguson, Floyd 
Corporal Goodney, Anthony 
Corporal Holverson, Harry 
Corporal House, Robert D. 
Corporal Iavene, Godrid 
Corporal Oberlin, F. 

IO4 



Corporal Opel, O. P. 
Corporal Schoenbauer, J. C. 
Bugler Andre, Charles F. 
Bugler Martin, Gerome 
Private Anderson, C. C. 
Private Antoni, Alfred 
Private Archer, Oliver 
Private Bandoes, Vincent A. 
Private Barbarie, Carlo 
Private Capps, Raymond 
Private Carr, Charles H. 
Private Caroll, F. A. 
Private Esunis 
Private Folliard, William 
Private Gemiginam, N. 
Private Gorney, John 
Private Haggerty, Dan J. 
Private Heckland, Harold 
Private Holt, Limerick 
Private Lamsey, Joseph A. 
Private Lovenouse, Kagriner 
Private Loitsas, George 
Private Langlois, Ovila J. 
Private Merritt, R. L. 
Private McLeese, S. L. 
Private Novock, William 
Private Ohum, Frank J. 
Private Olson, Carl 
Private Owen, Edgar 
Private Perry, Walter C. 
Private Pulirim, Nick 
Private Raymond. Tony 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Private Redigre, John 
Private Rodder, Louis E. 
Private Romerman, Addison 
Private Ruthedge, Robert 
Private Sobotino, Granocco 
Private Sorg, Harrison 
Private Spenander, John C. 
Private Stout, James W. 
Private Swearinger, Iwen 
Private Trisier, Peter B. 
Private Thurman, Allen G. 
Private Todd, Ralph S. 
Private Torino, Salbatoe 
Private Trainor 
Private Turner, George A. 
Private Underwood, T. W. 
Private Vain, Lawrence 
Private Wahl, H. G. 
Private Wait, H. D. 
Private Wallingford, A. M. 
Private Wasserman, C. 
Private Weidenbar, Robert 
Private Young, Thomas B. 

Machine Gun Co. 

1st Sergeant Jarrett, Milton 
Sergeant Beard, Tyra 
Sergeant Booker, Marvin O. 
Sergeant Hall, Roy 
Sergeant Hofing, Charles 
Sergeant Newman, Fred F. 
Sergeant Yando, Edward 
Corporal Allen, Wilson 
Corporal Brand, George 
Corporal McAlster, R. V. 
Bugler Strano, James 
Private 1/c Anderson, W. E. 
Private Berghins, John 
Private Brennen, Daniel 
Private Bullinger, Louis N. 
Private Case, Sylvester 
Private Clark, Joseph 
Private Clemmons, W. 
Private Coffin, Robert E. 
Private Cok, Peter 
Private Conley, Okey D. 
Private Dewar, Duncan 
Private Ellett, Jesse J. 
Private Ferrick, Timothy N. 
Private Govern, Fred J. 
Private 1/c Hanson, Henry 
Private Hedrick, Ward T. 
Private 1/c Jenkins, W. 
Private 1/c Johnson, A. E. 
Private Johnson, C. E. 
Private Kendel, John 
Private Kobes, John 
Private Koberski, Walter 
Private McLaughlin, F. 
Private Mides, John W. 
Private Miller, John W. 



Private 1/c Olszewski, Dan 
Private Peterson, Harry 
Private Pollitt, Doila 
Private Roupe, James F. 
Private Richka, Frank 
Private 1/c Robinson, V. 
Private Semington, Albert 
Private Schuse, Daniel 
Private Schmitt, William 
Private Smith, Fred J. 
Private Smith, Orville 
Private Snead, Ralph L. 
Private Specht, Edward 
Private Stever, Nieniel 
Private Stellaney, Frank 
Private Strickland, Milton 
Private Canner, Grover 
Private Taylor, James B. 
Private Thunick, Homer 
Private VanBerger 
Private Walker, Henry P. 
Private Williams, George 
Private Wiseman, Emory 
Private Withers, John 
Private Wolfe, William 
Private Woodruff, James 
Private Wright, Alta 
Private Wroblewski, E. 
Private Garrison, Guy 



Supply Company 

Wagoner Hansen, Emil 
Wagoner Wright. C. D. 

Company "A" 

Sergeant Heddleston, W. N. 
Sergeant Howard, Harry 
Sergeant Seereiter, E. M. 
Sergeant Smith, Ralph M. 
Corporal Allen, Uhlis 
Corporal Bard, Harold D. 
Corporal Beker, Charles M. 
Corporal Crow, Glen 
Corporal Fergusen, Loyd E. 
Corporal Frost, Thomas 
Corporal Ioven, Gabriel 
Corporal Leonard, R. J. 
Corporal Lovett, George B. 
Corporal Parr, Albert 
Corporal Pepper, Joe 
Corporal Richmond, Guy A 
Corporal Shaughnessy, D. 
Corporal Susearaer, Joseph 
Mechanic Lighture, Robert 
Mechanic Orsi, Lugi 
Bugler Martin, Jerome 
Private Abbal, Arthur L. 
Private Abbott, Clyde W. 
Private Aliva, Leo 



Private Anderson, C. L. 
Private Bandols, Vincent A. 
Private Bothoff, William 
Private Bradford, Edgar W. 
Private Bradford, Walter L. 
Private Bram, George F. 
Private Campbell, Clyde C. 
Private Canevora, Louis 
Private Casper, Nicholas 
Private Carr, Charles 
Private Castello, C. J. 
Private Chezum, Richard 
Private Clayton, Jepthia 
Private Coleman, Walter 
Private Dontas, Disprinzo 
Private Davis, Ottis A. 
Private Engley, Morris 
Private Evans, Roy H. 
Private Eustice, Richard 
Private Frost, Howard L. 
Private Gebile, Charles C. 
Private Geurimani, N. 
Private Gladding, E. J. 
Private Goodney, A. J. 
Private Grismer, Carl P. 
Private Grivette, John 
Private Gross, August 
Private Gushma, George 
Private Guissandi, Vincent 
Private Halverson, Harry 
Private Harvey, George W. 
Private Hause, Ribert 
Private Henderson, T. A. 
Private Henry, Willa 
Private Hoggstrom, Carl S. 
Private Houck, George P. 
Private Peffery, Oscar 
Private Kelly, James O. 
Private Klein, Casper 
Private Lane, Walter E. 
Private Lesie, James 
Private Lillis, Thurman 
Private Lytsas, George 
Private Lucas, Charles 
Private Lutz, Paul 
Private Mazzelo, Pasquale 
Private McDaniel, Ralph 
Private Palmer, Ephriam 
Private Redinger, John 
Private Ritchlin, A. J. 
Private Ronilard, Randal 
Private Rutlidge, Robert 
Private Sabotino, Giarrocco 
Private Schwartz, Jack O. 
Private Scdj, Frank 
Private Soloman, Joseph 
Private Steger, Herman 
Private Vain, Lawrence 
Private Wallingford, Henry 
Private Wokiechowski, F. 
Private Wuchtre, Albert 



I05 



THE THIRTY- NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Company "B" 

1st Sergeant Preisler, W. S. 
Sergeant Cullman, Edward 
Sergeant Parker, A. E. 
Corporal Birch, Robert 
Corporal Durling, Albert 
Corporal Durkin, John 
Corporal Emerson, Arthur 
Corporal Franks, John J. 
Corporal Gallagher, M. 
Corporal King, Henry J. 
Corporal Kopinski, Joseph 
Corporal McDonald, W. 
Corporal Richards, Thomas 
Corporal Thomas, G. A. 
Corporal VanVenRoy, C. 
Corporal Vogt, George 
Mechanic Pace, Fred 
Mechanic Anderson, F. E. 
Private Adkinsons, W. J. 
Private Awe, Arthur 
Private Baxter, James 
Private Belzung, Leo 
Private Billieau, Orlean 
Private Beager, Clarence 
Private Boney, Adam 
Private Bregger, Ernest 
Private Brizzie, Leo 
Private Brown, Henry 
Private Caldwell, Basil 
Private Chambers, William 
Private Collier, Oran 
Private Ciofi, Alfred 
Private Crumley, Norman 
Private Currj-, Thomas E. 
Private Crumpley, Sam 
Private Diforma, Gustino 
Private Diskin, John 
Private Eisenberg, David 
Private Griffin, Paul 
Private Hahn, Otto 
Private Hortie, William 
Private Jensen, Theodore 
Private Jerrels, Hennen 
Private Kirby, Gillous 
Private Krupszak, Mike 
Private Landers, Arthur 
Private Leary, Edward J. 
Private Litwinowich, L. C. 
Private Maculatis, Nick 
Private Marty, Herman P. 
Private Manary, Sidney 
Private McKinney, Samuel 
Private Mullins, Thomas 
Private Neese, Lyle 
Private North, Everet 
Private O'Neil, William J. 
Private Ostapchaks, Dennis 
Private Palermo, Dominick 
Private Raymond, Tony 
Private Riggert, Herman 



Private Roberts, Charles E. 
Private Rosson, Heber R. 
Private Seavy, Charles F. 
Private Smith, William 
Private Stankowski, Waclo 
Private Targazewski, W. 
Private Thierry, George W. 
Private Trafton, Joseph 
Private Verele, Eindreia 
Private Wertman, R. H. 
Private Weisle, Edward 
Private Wolf, Russel 
Private Zellinski, Bert 
Private Zimmerman, W. 
Private Watkins, Richard 

Company "C" 

Sergeant McCurty, Harry 
Sergeant Shopiro, Joseph 
Corporal Gerdisen, Frank 
Corporal Loftus, Daniel 
Corporal Saegert, Oscar 
Corporal Therstall, Oscar 
Private Adams, Henry O. 
Private Avelia, Sabolins 
Private Alesh, Frank 
Private Anthon, Peter 
Private Barton, John J. 
Private Bell, William S. 
Private Boughman, David 
Private Buick, James B. 
Private Cameronesi, Vincent 
Private Christoph, Elmer V. 
Private Crossby, Ralph J. 
Private Cunningham, M. 
Private Davis, Ben H. 
Private Deceasary, Agapito 
Private Deschenes, E. 
Private Disney, Oscar B. 
Private Duchsler, George W. 
Private Edman, Herman 
Private Fennell, Charles N. 
Private Flannigan, T. J. 
Private Gregone, Ernest 
Private Gostopon, Carl 
Private Hergiton, Paul 
Private Himedough, George 
Private Jacobs, Mmis 
Private Johnson, Karl A. 
Private Katz, Joseph 
Private Kuntz, Arthur A. 
Private Kurth, Walter A. 
Private Kyle, Eben L. 
Private Lachiro, August 
Private Lilly, Burr 
Private Litterall, Elmer V. 
Private 1/c McCuilough, F. 
Private McGilvra, Donald 
Private Monaco, Paul 
Private 1/c Moyer, Byron 
Private 1/c Myers, Harrison 

1 06 



Private 1/c Neyton, John 
Private Nickerson, Jessor 
Private Noel, Seymore 
Private 1/c Palmer, Oscar 
Private Paulosk, Adam 
Private Peterson, August C. 
Private Peterson, Peter W. 
Private Porto, Dominick 
Private Pucci, Erico 
Private 1/c Rodrigues, Joe 
Private Shubert, Arthur 
Private Schroder, George 
Private Shions, Gus 
Private Sochiavs, David H. 
Private Slamer, Kasiner 
Private Southern, Samuel 
Private Smith, Owen 
Private Spitz, Robert A. 
Private Stannett, Frank V. 
Private Sugal, Samuel 
Private Tate, Herman 
Private Turner, Grover C. 
Private Wade, Ora C. 
Private Walls, Joe 
Private Wavinak, Casimer 
Private White, John 
Private Williams, Dwight 
Private Wilson, Charles B. 
Private Wood, Jesse 
Private 1/c Wright, James 
Private 1/c Zolaback, Wm. 
Private Zolious, Asomis R. 

Company "D" 

1st Sergeant Moore, S. J. 
Sergeant Hardin, Ralph E. 
Sergeant Hartin, William D, 
Sergeant Hoggerty, A. F. 
Sergeant Manthee, John J. 
Corporal Alley, Joseph 
Corporal Bowen, Reaser 
Corporal Campell, Silas 
Corporal Carey, Norman J. 
Corporal Harman, John C. 
Corporal Hayne, Edgar J. 
Corporal Henry, Clarence B. 
Corporal Henry, Clarence P. 
Corporal Mooris, Frank L. 
Corporal Wagner, Albert G. 
Mechanic Falconi, Silnico 
Mechanic Flood, Edward 
Mechanic Stevenson, Donald 
Private Akolois, Joseph 
Private All red, Amos L. 
Private Andreysick, Stanley 
Private Baldwin, Frank 
Private Barrington, Roy W. 
Private Blair, Frank E. 
Private Bouler, Henry J. 
Private Brown, Joseph C. 
Private Byrd, Joseph W. 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Private Burkett, William 
Private Carlson, Tura 
Private Cizek, Charles W. 
Private Cracker, Meril W. 
Private Cudiroftus, George 
Private Cummings, Fred 
Private Cusila, Guisseppe 
Private Dean, Curtis 
Private Dean, George 
Private August, Eikman 
Private 1/c Edwards, Chas. 
Private Frally, 
Private Frendla, John L. 
Private George, Ben W. 
Private George, John L. 
Private Gier, Chaucy N. 
Private Gobetz, Jakor 
Private Henderson, Robert J. 
Private Hensley, William S. 
Private Hoffeins, Charles 
Private Jelm, John A. 
Private Kizak, William 
Private Kihea, George 
Private 1/c Koechel, H. J. 
Private 1/c Lemar, Frank 
Private Larrin, John 
Private Lauretta, Tony 
Private Leppis, N. B. 
Private Logawaskas, Wm. 
Private Love, Andrew 
Private Michm, Orville 
Private McGowan, Charles 
Private McGuaine, Marshall 
Private Mettyger, Willam 
Private 1/c Nillan, Fred 
Private Norton, Dewitt 
Private O'Connor, Dennis 
Private O'Dell, Charley 
Private Oliv, Samuel F. 
Private O'Kotis, Joseph 
Private Personius, Harry 
Private Pontusco, Anthony 
Private Powell, Thomas 
Private Pessel, Ernest 
Private Rogers, Michael 
Private Resendes, Fantana 
Private Rice, Augustus A. 
Private Roach, Ben T. 
Private Roach, Charles R. 
Private Rossetti, Rocco 
Private Scheible, George J. 
Private Schwager, Jean W. 
Private 1/c Snyder, Julian 
Private 1/c Smith, Nicolas C. 
Private Saule, Courtney 
Private 1/c Sous, Robert 
Private Swanson, Gus 
Private Swartz, Sterling 
Private Treola, Anthony 
Private 1/c Turner, Chas. 
Private Vieriny, Alfred F. 
Private Warken, Herman T. 



Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 



Waif rain, Edwin J 
Weese, Lyle D. 
Whelan, Earl F. 
Whitcomb, Louis 
Wolform, Louis 
Wormell, Edwin J. 
Wright, Henry J. 
Zebronsky, Pete 
Zuich, Isador. 



Company "E" 

Sergeant Nagre, Gus 
Corporal Ferrick, John 
Corporal Frederick, Anton 
Corporal Klein, George 
Corporal LeCroix, Louis 
Corporal Price, Edward J. N. 
Corporal Sittler, Frank 
Corporal Tiberis, Phillip 
Bugler Kussner, Joseph 
Private Adams, James A. 
Private Apolintz, John 
Private Bell, Sidney 
Private Bertalis, Anton 
Private Belieaux, Joseph 
Private Block, Shaff 
Private Caspero, William 
Private Chrisefski, Tony 
Private Confer, Claude 
Private Craig, Charles 
Private Clary, William J. 
Private Delberti, Frank 
Private Delehanty, Mathies 
Private Eldbridge, James 
Private Fanis, Ray 
Private Feni, Gabriel 
Private Fitzgerald, Mark J. 
Private Flatrty, Bartholmew 
Private Fowler, Richard L. 
Private Gagnos, Stainslas 
Private Glynn, Joseph 
Private Gronermever, Wm. 
Private Graneer, George F. 
Private Hoffman, Jack 
Private Hanns, Edward J. 
Private Hevenor, Everett 
Private Hitt, Fred 
Private Howath, Michael 
Private Hooks, Shuther 
Private Isenstat, Ciral 
Private Jeisey, Albert 
Private Jones, George 
Private Jordon, Edward M. 
Private Knenerle, Fred S. 
Private Kengon, Ferrell, R. 
Private Kindt, Henry A. 
Private Kleveland, Bert R. 
Private Laison, Elmer 
Private Lebland, Edward 
Private Lewis, Pearl 
Private Lieberman, Hayman 



Private Madvey, Stanley 
Private Maynard, Arthur 
Private McCarthy, Chas. J. 
Private Moples, John 
Private McGrath, Michael 
Private Montsinger, Wm. E. 
Private Morey, Lin A. 
Private Meyers, Paul V. 
Private Nelton, James D. 
Private Newington, Roy E. 
Private North, John W. 
Private Olson, Jerker 
Private Olson, Terfl 
Private O'Malley, E. G. 
Private Opolling, John 
Private Owen, George 
Private Palmer, Albert H. 
Private Parlinski, Joseph 
Private Peterson, Harry 
Private Phillips, Tiberis 
Private Pochanic, Charles 
Private Porter, Loyd T. 
Private Pristas, Joe 
Private Rankins, Perry 
Private Reading, Tames 
Private Richard, Efein 
Private Seisinger, Joseph 
Private Shipman, Joe 
Private Stadig, Bertie 
Private Street, Harry R. 
Private Strong, William 
Private Smith, Edward 
Private Smith, George 
Private Snyder, Charles 
Private Speropoulos, Wm. 
Private Tersey, Al. 
Private Thompson, Andrew 
Private Wosoloski, Peter 
Private Williams, Llewelina 
Private Yarber, Frank 
Private Zunker, Herman 

Company "F" 

1st Sgt. Haines, Mark H. 
Sergeant Ferrizzl, Guileppe 
Sergeant Fish, Floyd, 
Corporal Andet, Joseph 
Corporal Brinkman, William 
Corporal Elsey, Everatt 
Corporal Hines, Jack 
Corporal Waluki, Walter 
Private Albert, Joseph 
Private Baswell, Lester L. 
Private Battighein, Frank 
Private Boley, Henry 
Private Borbesen, Silvio 
Private Becker, Ernest 
Private Calatenti, Peter 
Private Colett, Sherman 
Private Carrode, Ghio 
Private DeDonda, Donitt 



IO7 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Private Ford, Everett 
Private Keefe, J. O. 
Private 1/c Kinkle, Harry G. 
Private Klein, William 
Privatte Kaldo, Joseph 
Private Lay, William 
Private Littlefield, Raymond 
Private Mahoney, James 
Private Matt, Stephen 
Private Naussmon, John 
Private Nenadal, Joseph 
Private Orr, Hannible 
Private O'Rourke, John J. 
Private Palmer, Albert H. 
Private Parrish, Estele 
Private Partinori, Paul 
Private Paulson, George 
Private Pierce, Jesse B. 
Private Root, Frank E. 
Private Shea, George 
Private Terta, Amiello 
Private Terrizzi, Guiseppi 
Private Tillos, Truman 
Private Vallom, James 
Private Walsh, Robert E. 
Private Weidneroot, Robt. F. 
Private Wooley, William 
Private York, Marion A. 

Company "G" 

1st Sgt. Bradley, Andrew 
Sergeant Brasser, Peter 
Sergeant Clayton, Edgar 
Sergeant Sickles, Frank 
Sergeant Warmley, Floyd 
Sergeant Williams, August 
Corporal Auhl, Jacob F. 
Corporal Burns, John J. 
Corporal Parish, Harry A. 
Corporal Runge, John 
Corporal Arthur, W. F. 
Private Blamer, Paul W. 
Private Bluses, William 
Private Bouchard, Fredi J. 
Private Brown, Ray H. 
Private Burril, Carl E. 
Private Carlson, John W. 
Private Carlson Raymond 
Private Carrington, Ed. 
Private Chain, Marion 
Private Costello, Eugene Y. 
Private Cressey, Frederick 
Private Croni, Vigilio 
Private Divine, Stephen A. 
Private Dovgosz, Sebastian 
Private Drew, Walter J. 
Private Dumis, George 
Private Elmer, Lewis 
Private Fadorwitch, Joe 



Private Ferguson, Robert 
Private Flynn, John Y. 
Private Garzolonui, Thomas 
Private Guenner, Louis B. 
Private Grayson, Roy 
Private Griffith, Robert 
Private Hains, Samuel 
Private Hand, William 
Private Heard, George 
Private Hoke, Walter E. 
Private Hill, Clarence 
Private Hocking, Roy 
Private Hofland, John 
Private Holland, John 
Private Irwin, Earl 
Private Ingle, Bernard 
Private Kaminski, Alex 
Private Kaporelous, Dennis 
Private Kussel, August 
Private Ladima, Joe 
Private Lail, Richard 
Private Lavimer, Isaac 
Private Leach, Harry 
Private McGrath, John L. 
Private Mick, Walter E. 
Private Miller, V. 
Private Mooney, Patrick 
Private Murry, Henry 
Private Palmer, Herbert 
Private Pahl, Louis 
Private Peterson, Harry 
Private Pruscka, Bartolo 
Private Pugh, Charles W. 
Private Reed, Arthur 
Private Rodney, William 
Private Schmitz, C. H. 
Private Sherbert, Albert H. 
Private Shinkle, Albert W. 
Private Slack, Allen E. 
Private Smith, Fred E. 
Private Smith, George 
Private Smith, Michael J. 
Private Smith, Morris R. 
Private Southerland, Ed. J. 
Private Strickman, Frank K. 
Private Strong, Robert 
Private Stork, John P. 
Private Suide, Harvey S. 
Private Talarack, Dominico 
Private Tompkins, E. H. 
Private Vaughn, Dennis 
Private Wagner, Walter A. 
Private Warvell, A. J. 
Private Webber, Harold A. 
Private Welch, George 
Private Wilson, George 
Private Wright, Albert 
Private Wright Robert L. 
Private Woodward, F. 
Private Wolds, Tory 

1 08 



Company "H" 

Sergeant Brodeur, Clifford 
Sergeant Debenko, Harry 
Sergeant Powers, Patrick J. 
Sergeant Randall, Thomas 
Sergeant Stewart, Henry A. 
Corporal Atkinson, Shirley 
Corporal Coffey, Charles L. 
Corporal Grannath, Geo. 
Corporal Jones, Glenn F. 
Corporal Miller, H. H. 
Corporal Mizzell, Louis W. 
Corporal Moon, Walter 
Corporal Nease, William 
Corporal Wood, Henel J. 
Cook Davidson, Frank 
Private Ackerman, Walter 
Private Alitto, Giovanni 
Private Arnold, Horace 
Private Arsenoult, Lariy 
Private Beechy, David 
Private Benzig, Joe 
Private Bergstrom, Emil 
Private Brown, Loyd E. 
Private Chece, Pasquale 
Private Clinton, Joseph 
Private Kruser, James 
Private Cutes, Charles L. 
Private Delehanty, M. E. 
Private Gallo, Pdio 
Private Gearhart, Gotlieb 
Private Girard, Alphons, J. 
Private Gorham, Louis A. 
Private Hart, Stephen T. 
Private Hutchinson, W. 
Private Henry, Joe 
Private Hoenski, John 
Private Inman, John 
Private James, John C. 
Private James, Oliver 
Private Kampfman, F. J. 
Private Kimball, W. D. 
Private Kempf, Frank J. 
Private Puckman, Harold 
Private Landen.Arthur 
Private Laurette, Pasquale 
Private Lisney, Ole 
Private Loggia, Angelo 
Private Long, Harrison 
Private Merems, Hyman 
Private Mears, Willie L. 
Private Miller, Joseph 
Private Mitchell, Harvey 
Private Moour, Walter 
Private Morinana, G. 
Private Otto, Anthony J. 
Private Pappel, Charles 
Private Peeletier, Vergil J. 
Private Penaligan, W. J. 
Private Pfiffer, Charles J. 
Private Palander, Henry 
Private Pfiffer, Frank 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Private Radford, John P. 
Private Relham, E. H. 
Private Relham, Howard 
Private Ross, Frederick L. 
Private Sager, Albert E. 
Private Schultz, Charles 
Private Sewards, Weltham 
Prilvate Simpson, William 
Private Sommers, Neon B. 
Private Stell, Jesse 
Private Stevens, Alvin W. 
Private Sulton, Harley F. 
Private Van Pelt, Abram 
Private Van Vyke, Nelson 
Private Wells, Harold 
Private Wilson, James 
Private Wetzell, Buford O. 
Private Whalalen, J. J. 
Private Wertz, John H. 
Private Yonkers, Benjamin 
Private York, Lester 

Company "I" 

Sergeant Babcock, Ray P. 
Sergeant Codish, Robert R. 
Sergeant Comfort, Edward 
Sergeant Corfman, Edward 
Sergeant Egan, Thomas E. 
Sergeant Embtree, C. E. 
Sergeant Heard, Arnold G. 
Sergeant Howie, Florin E. 
Sergeant Gorden, Archer 
Sergeant Seifert, W. E. 
Corporal Bergman, R. 
Corporal Law, Kenneth 
Corporal Lillemo, Conrad 
Corporal Parker, Henry F. 
Corporal Polach, Melton 
Mechanic Joachin 
Bugler Skinner, Arthur N. 
Bugler Warga, Vincent 
Private Anderson, Albert 
Private Andette, John 
Private Andrionick, Tony 
Private Apolines, John 
Private Bagdon, Herman J. 
Private Bennett, Fred J. 
Private Blango, Angelo 
Private Brown, Bruce D. 
Private Burmeister, Walter 
Private Butler, J. 
Private Cardano, Vincenzo 
Private Close, Robert 
Private Confant, Roy R. 
Private Conolly, John 
Private DeBreno, Antonio 
Private Denton, Stoney 
Private Detaico, Frank 
Private Bonner, August A. 
Private Doyle, Frank J. 
Private Duan, William M. 
Private Dugan, Andrew 



Private Esman, Louis 
Private Fabrick, Edwan^ 3 
Private Frederick, Philip 
Private Gawin, James 
Private Geltz, William 
Private Guarnova, P. 
Private Grubbs, Olve J. 
Private Garland, Floyd 
Private Gellespi, John W. 
Private Grier, William C. 
Private Grudor, Charles J. 
Private Horshell, M. 
Private Jazeneuleiski, F. 
Private Julian, Cecil E. 
Private Johnson, Walter E. 
Private Krkly, Frank C. 
Private Kilepo, Walter M. 
Private Kimball, H. L. 
Private Kramer, Paul 
Private Krueger, M. F. 
Private Klump, George 
Private Langston, Folwag 
Private Lease, Ray 
Private Lensinger, Joe 
Private Lewis, Jesse 
Private Lipiko, Stanley 
Private Makers, Herschel L. 
Private Marino, Louis D. 
Private McNamarra, M. 
Private Meyers, Leo 
Private Milesku, Frank 
Private Mikulunka, R. 
Private Mogles, Milus 
Private Mongers, M. E. 
Private Motak, Zenon 
Private Muttson, Harry N. 
Private Newton, Tull 
Private Nidoy, Frank R. 
Private Nolan, Vernon 
Private Nemuck, Frank 
Private Oatis, Stephen H. 
Private O'Connor, A. H. 
Private O'Sozuxik, John L. 
Private Packonsi, Alve 
Private Palidino, Frank 
Private Parent, Arthur 
Private Pearl, Thomas 
Private Permising, Leo A. 
Private Price, Arthur E. 
Private Price, John E. 
Private Ricklefen. Sefeld 
Private Russe, John 
Private Sanders, Henry D. 
Private Schulze, Paul G. 
Private Schumacher, J. B. 
Private Sefeld, Racklefen 
Private Snow 7 , Alfred 
Private Shulgr, Paul G. 
Private Shumocker, John 
Private Staffel, Willie F. 
Private Stone, Merril T. 
Private Staney, Donald J. 
Private Sommers, Jacob 



Private Tomasyrski, EL 
Priva* Thomas, CmI WZ- 
Prfvaft Wigham, James S. 
Private Waughop, Clyde 
Private Yarber, Frank 
Private Zeblesky, Joseph 
Private Zuzishous, Vincent 

Company "K" 

Sergeant Roberts, Joseph B- 
Sergeant Roberts, James 
Sergeant Capolanis, G. L. 
Corporal Carsow, Felix 
Corporal Coloni, Harold 
Corporal Daniels, James T» 
Corporal Delonne, L. E. 
Corporal Gibbs, Julius 
Corporal Harrison, George 
Corporal Jasen, John 
Corporal Kalvalege, A. C. 
Corporal Knudsen, Ole 
Corporal Murphy, Patrick 
Corporal Nelson, Duglas 
Corporal Saunders, C. O. 
Corporal Strom, H. A. 
Corporal Svggas, Charles 
Corporal Zigmond, L. 
Bugler Colbridge, G. 
Private Alsip, W. S. 
Private Attansasio, Jimmy 
Private Bochny, Albert 
Private Barauschucke, E. 
Private Bissonelle, E. W. 
Private Berry, Ralph W. 
Private Bissenotte, E. W. 
Private Blowen, O. 
Private Boles, Raefel 
Private Brennan, H. O. 
Private Bronson, Otto 
Private Brown, Walter T. 
Private Barnick, Phillip E- 
Private Burden, Henry O. 
Private Byrngel, Wordban 
Private Bush, Claude 
Private Christianson, A. K. 
Private Christianson, V. T- 
Private Chaskati, Caso 
Private Collini, Frank A. 
Private Cook, Harry A. 
Private Coye, Robert N. 
Private Cummins, Roy E. 
Private Crosby, Thomas 
Private Chaski, Eran 
Private Cunningham, Fred 
Private Edwald, Alex. L. 
Private Edwald, Orel L. 
Private Enea, Peter 
Private Fischer, Alois 
Private Foltz, Said 
Private Foss, Clarence 
Private Fracasso, Tony 
Private Goldschmidt, Ike 



IO9 



THE T H I R T Y - X I X T H I X F A X T R Y IX THE WORLD WAR 



Private Goverovich, J. A. 
Private Gowan, M. 
Private Gasso, Salvatore 
Private Granath, Geo. W. 
Private Gassick, Stanley 
Private Henderson, Travers 
Private James, Stanley 
Private Johnson, Ernest 
Private Knockunes, E. W. 
Private Kaiver, James 
Private Kratky, Joseph 
Private Kollalke, Erwin 
Private Kurbsky E. 
Private LaCivita, I<ouis 
Private Lee, Walter 
Private Lipschieke, S. 
Private Lewis, Austin 
Private Lyons, Samuel 
Private McDonald, Frank 
Private Miller, J. W. 
Private Morden, John 
Private Mork, Carl B. 
Private Monas, Cevia 
Private Murnane 
Private Naylor, Rowdie 
Private Naso, A. 
Private Newbauer, Emil 
Private Nordean, Moise 
Private Nordean, B. O. 
Private Nordian, John 
Private O'Keef, Patrick H. 
Private Olson, Franz W. 
Private Palen, Coleman 
Private Parakorti, Phillip 
Private Peroutka, Louis J. 
Private Perry, Ralph W. 
Private Ransdell, E. E. 
Private Riccadelli, E. 
Private Reggis, S. 
Private Riss, Donn T. 
Private Robinson, James E. 
Private Row, George 
Private Sauerberg, William 
Private Schnelle, F. H. 
Private Schultz, Robert H. 
Private Seeback, Henry 
Private Shatterly, William 
Private Sizer, Edwin D. 
Private Sairsen, Felix 
Private Smith, Sherman 
Private Stalhl, Emory 
Private Swenson, Hilding 
Private Pato, G. 
Private Thirne, Herman E. 
Private Turner, Carl E. 
Private Turner, Edwood 
Private Turner, C. W. 
Private Turner, George 
Private Turner, James T. 
Private Unger, Charles W. 
Private Wichert, Albert 
Private Wilson, Harold 
Private Wetzrg, Joseph 



Private Whaites, David 
Private Wolsfeld, J. J. 
Private Wozny, J. B. 
Private Zimmerman, Paul 

Company "L" 

1st Sergeant Frey, E. C. 
Sergeant Bleckner, Ronald 
Sergeant Bogentholer, C. A. 
Sergeant Johnson, James R. 
Sergeant Kellog, Kenneth 
Sergeant Kleckner, Ronald 
Sergeant Lackin, John 
Sergeant Rector, Eric 
Sergeant Shuff, George U. 
Sergeant Tirenec, Frank 
Corporal Burkis, Peter 
Corporal Dexterman, Joseph 
Corporal Green, Carl B. 
Corporal Jirence, Frank 
Corporal Liedeke, Eirr 
Corporal Offenbom. Arthur 
Corporal Parks, Clarence 
Corporal Romsdoe, Conrad 
Corporal Vogentholer, C. 
Mechanic Atherson, John 
Mechanic Townsend, V. A. 
Bugler Kononof, Atkin 
Private Aspenleiter, W. 
Private Boger, Meddi 
Private Boggs, Albert 
Private Bolten, Roy 
Private Brown, J. A. 
Private Brown, George 
Private Brosofkey, Samuel 
Private 1/c Buckwalter, G. 
Private Burk, Meddie 
Private Carter, Fred L. 
Private Clark, Lewis L. 
Private Cerruto, Vincent 
Private Chicazpla, Peter 
Private Conrad, Rudolph 
Private Corvell, William 
Private 1/c Cunningham, F. 
Private DeMasso, James 
Private Dennison, Earl 
Private Dodge, Dane D. 
Private Dowbridge, Charles 
Private Doske, Bernard 
Private Earl, Thomas 
Private Eckert, Harold 
Private Exler, Harold 
Private Falkner, Merril 
Private Featherstone, L. C. 
Private Fesemeir, James 
Private Friez, Thomas 
Private Foster, Clyde 
Private Gallagher, Thomas 
Private Gionnette, Dominico 
Private Hammond, Earl 
Private Hanner, Earl 
Private Heller, William 



Private Heifner, James 
Private Heillner, Joseph 
Private Higgins, Nathan 
Private Holms, Benjamin 
Private Hutton, John 
Private Hug, Frederick 
Private Hughes, Willie C. 
Private Jessin, Harold E. 
Private Jorael, Arnold 
Private Kafkalas, George 
Private Cononof, Atkins •,'■ 
Private Lane, Henry 
Private Martin, Charles D. 
Private Mason, Clyde 
Private Mattison, Fred C. 
Private McGovern, Thomas 
Private McPherson, Earl 
Private Merrit, Raymond 
Private Mills, Hersrel 
Private Moore, John H. 
Private Mozinick, Andzie 
Private Neff, Nelson 
Private Noonan, Thomas 
Private 1/c Oleruimi, O. 
Private Patolfi, Tony 
Private Peni, Santo 
Private Pettigren, Luther 
Private Peterson, Hansr 
Private Poutolfi, Tom- 
Private Pruitt, Jesse D. 
Private 1/c Rhein, Benjamin 
Private Redgan, Gilmer 
Private Robertson, Walter 
Private Rossen, Arthur 
Private Spencer, Jesse E. 
Private Smith, O. E. 
Private Smith, Ralph A. 
Private Stanley, James F. 
Private Stenbaugh, Carl 
Private Stewart, Charles W. 
Private Scarantron, E. 
Private Theidious, Andrew 
Private Townsend, V. A. 
Private Tramonpe, Toney 
Private Wheeler, Lamois 
Private Welland, Paul R. 
Private Wills, Williams 
Private Willidtte, Thomas 
Private Yakaitas, Louis 

Company "M" 



Sergeant 
Sergeant 
Sergeant 
Sergeant 
Sergeant 
Sergeant 
Corporal 
Corporal 
Corporal 
Corporal 
Corporal 



Brodeur, Clifford 
Houston, William 
Iians, William 
Lerh, Herbert 
Mahoney, Victor 
Quiams, William 
Barone, D. 
Bressett, Clinton 
Corice, Albert A. 
Draper, Austin 
Erros, Manuel 



IIO 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Corporal Frazier, Robert A. 
Corporal Frazier, John C. 
Corporal Jarvis, Kenneth 
Corporal Kromer, Arthur 
Corporal Mckinna, Peter A. 
Corporal Warren, Roscoe 
Mechanic Kipler, Fred 
Private Atkinson 
Private Baldwin, Leon F. 
Private Bochen, A. A. 
Private Blohn, Louis 
Private Byrn, Walter L. 
Private Carlton, Oran E. 
Private Chevalzcosji, J. 
Private Christian, B. W. 
Private Clarkson, Owen O. 
Private Coiry, James 
Private Conuas, Arthur G. 
Private Dow, Vernon E. 
Private Dunnam, John D. 
Private Dunnean, John 
Private Filepowith, Walter 
Private Fox, Earl A. 
Private Frattolotto, G. 
Private Freeburg, H. A. 



Private Geid, Ralph 
Private Harris, Victor 
Private Haupt, James 
Private Hawboker, V. R. 
Private Henring, Henry 
Private Hohn, Gustave A. 
Private Klembeck, Frank 
Private Lisher, Alain 
Private Mann, Harold 
Private Matson, Helmer 
Private Micelatki, Charles 
Private Moser, Joseph 
Private Mrilka, Charles 
Private Nelson, Stethnan E. 
Private Newman, William 
Private North, Clarence 
Private Oates, John 
Private Omitage, Robert A. 
Private Ovuhall, Charles 
Private Park, Charles 
Private Parry, William 
Private Partington, Geo. 
Private Petkus, Anthony 
Private Phillips, Guy 
Private Piamonte, James 
Private Polly, William 



Private Pendergast, A. 
Private Quiams, William 
Private Richards, Efen 
Private Riger, Harry 
Private Riggs, Joseph N. 
Private Robilard, George 
Private Rotermund, Lewis 
Private Sands, Theophlins 
Private Schussler, Edward 
Private Scott, Edward 
Private Shaw, Dale V. 
Private Shockey, Elmer 
Private Spannam, George 
Private Stefano, Donato 
Private Stillman, Nelson 
Private Sullington, Geo. 
Private Teague, James 
Private Thomas, Walter 
Private Trabaghia, Gaclow 
Private Tuner, Lester 
Private Walker, Walter 
Private Waliser, Carl O. 
Private Warrlow, Edward 
Private Wolf, Fred A. 
Private Yooengdohl, J. 



I I I 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Distinguished Service Cross Croix De Guerre (French) 



Colonel Frank C. Bolles 

Colonel J. K. Parsons 

Captain (now Major) Ralph Slate 

Captain Robert W. Norton 

Captain Richard G. Plumley 

lst Lieutenant William H. Hammond 

1st Lieutenant (now Captain) Mathias W. 

Haney 
2nd Lieutenant (now 1st Lieutenant) Sam- 
uel P. Adkisson 
Regimental Sergeant Major Edward R. 

Lawless, Headquarters Co. 
Regimental Sergeant Major Lee M. Ray, 

Headquarters Co. 
1st Sergeant Ernest R. Potter, Company 

"D" 
Sergeant Arthur I. Clark, Company "C" 
Sergeant Frank B. Gresham, Company 

"G" 
Sergeant Henry Howard, Company "A" 
Sergeant John W. Norton, Company "I" 
Sergeant James Roberts, Company "K" 
Sergeant William A. Shea, Machine Gun 

Company 
Corporal Raymond Buma, Machine Gun 

Company 
Private Charles H. Evans, Company "B" 
Private Paul J. Pappas, Company "M" 
Private Carl Rasmussen, Company "B" 
Private Stephano Riggio, Company "K" 
Private Joe Smith, Company "C" 



Distinguished Service Medal 

Colonel Frank C. Bolles 



Officiers de la Legion 
d'Honneur 



Colonel Frank C. Bolles 



Chevaliers de la Legion 
d'Honneur 

Captain Mathias W. Haney 

Captain Robert W. Norton 

1st Lieutenant William H. Hammond 



Regimental Colors, Thirty-ninth Infantry 

(With Gold Star) 
Colonel Frank C. Bolles (With Gold Star) 
Lieut. Colonel (now Colonel) Robert H. 

Peck (With Palm) 
Major (now Lieut. Colonel) Manton C. 

Mitchell (With Palm) 
Major Henry Terril, Jr. (With Palm) 
Major J. T. Clement (With Silver Star) 
Captain (now Major) Ralph Slate (With 
Bronze Star) (With Gold Star) 
Captain R. W. Norton (With Palms, 2) 
1st Lieutenant (now Captain) Mathias 

W. Haney (With Gold Star and Palm) 
1st Lieutenant Phillip J. Davidson 

(Posthumous) 
1st Lieutenant William H. Hammond 

(With Palm) 
2nd Lieutenant Albert W. Emmons 
2nd Lieutenant (now 1st Lieutenant) 

Archibald R. Gordon, 
2nd Lieutenant D. S. Grant (Posthumous) 
2nd Lieutenant Paul S. Strickland (Post- 
humous) 
Sergeant John Dean, Company "L" 
Sergeant H. Howard (With Gold Star) 
Sergeant T. H. Evans, Company "B" 
Sergeant Frank B. Gresham Company 

"G" (With Gold Star) 
Sergeant Daniel P. Healey, Company "L" 
Sergeant John W. Norton, Company "I" 

(With Gold Star) 
Sergeant Robert Kostelak, Company "M" 
Sergeant G. W. Miller, Company "F" 
Sergeant G. Van Stanwood, Company "E" 
Sergeant R. D. Winters, Company "A" 
Corporal Frank De Luca, Company "I" 
Corporal Mark Reid, Company "E" 
Bugler Arthur Bickstein, Company "H" 

(With Gold Star) 
Private 1/c Peter P. Jones, Medical 

Detachment 
Private Stephano Riggio, Company "I" 

(With Gold Star) 
Private H. J. Fitzsimmons, Company "G" 
Private Paul J. Pappas, Company "M" 
(With Gold Star) 

Croce Di Guerra (Italian) 

Sergeant W. A. Shea, Machine Gun Co. 
Private Paul J. Pappas, Company "M" 
Private Joe Smith, Company "C" 



114 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Colonel Frank C. Bolles 

Major (now Lieutenant Colonel) Manton 

C. Mitchell, 
Major Joseph T. Clement 
Major Fred W. Hackett 
1st Lieutenant Acadia Gluckman 
2nd Lieutenant (now 1st Lieutenant) E. 

F. Campbell 
2nd Lieutenant Herbert A. Cohn 
2nd Lieutenant James B. Edmond 
2nd Lieutenant Robert R. Galloway 
2nd Lieutenant (now 1st Lieutenant) 

Charles W. Pence 
1st Sergeant A. Bradley, Company "G" 
Sergeant Edward Clayton, Company "G" 
Sergeant Percy Fogg, Company "C" 
Sergeant Leslie Garrett, Company "E" 
Sergeant Frank Gaynor, Company "E" 
Sergeant Millard Jackson, Company "A" 
Sergeant Claude Jacques, Company "E" 
Sergeant W. H. Lowney, Company "H" 
Sergeant John Manthe, Company "D" 
Corporal Hylamer Bosell, Company "H" 
Corporal Einar Brateing, Company "A" 



Corporal Joseph Katz, Company "C" 
Corporal Linnie McBride, Company "G" 
Corporal W. J. Monahan, Company "G" 
Corporal M. Slitter, Company "E" 
Corporal Glen Thayer, Machine Gun 

Company 
Bugler Marshall E. Young, Company "D" 
Private 1/c J. Campbell, Company "A" 
Private 1/c Edward Mercier, Medical 

Detachment 
Private Roy W. Baker, Co. "H" 
Private D. A. Benschoter, Company "H" 
Private Verne Dillon, Company "D" 
Private Charles H. Evans, Company "B" 
Private E. J. Higgins, Company "A" 
Private John J. Howard, Company "G" 
Private John G. Hugh, Company "G" 
Private L. G. Leach, Company "H" 
Private Teday Mazot, Company "F" 
Private Harold B. Miles, Company "B" 
Private Ray Nockings, Company "G" 
Private Paul J. Pappas, Company "M" 
Private Charles F. Seavey, Company "B" 



116 




)VEME 



311 



CHAP'I'KU). v 



TMAM 



Marching into Germany 

FOR the purpose of occupying German territory in accord- 
ance with the terms of the Armistice, the Third Army was 
organized as the American Army of Occupation. This 
army was formed of nine of the best combat divisions in the 
American Expeditionary Forces, and naturally the Ivy Division 
was included. 

Now that actual hostilities were at an end, another great test 
of our courage, discipline, determination and stick-to-it-iveness 
awaited us. The gruelling, long march into Germany called for 
all the splendid qualities which characterized our soldiers in 
active campaigning. Every man was determined to show to the 
German population that their armies were defeated by the best 
troops the world had ever known. It devolved upon the veterans 
to set a high standard of march discipline and endurance of 
hardships as an example for the newly received replacements. 
The appearance of the men and transport was to be immaculate 
and beyond criticism at all times. With such ideals fully deter- 
mined on, the regiment commenced its memorable march into 
the enemy country. 

The Thirty-ninth Infanthy (less the 3rd Battalion), equipped 
in heavy marching order, cleared Commercy at 7 o'clock in the 
morning of November 20th. After crossing the Meuse into 
Vignot, the Third Battalion joined the column. The line of 
march led through Boncourt, hiouville, St. Agnant, Apremont, 
Woinville, Buxerulles, Buxieres, into Headicourt, where the en- 
tire regiment bivouacked for the night in a field about one kilo- 
meter outside the town. This march of 22 kilometers was through 
country which had recently been fought over, and in many cases 
the roads were either newly repaired or in the course of repair. 
The country was a mass of barbed wire and trenches, and all the 
towns showed evidence of considerable shelling, particularly St. 
Agnant and Apremont. 

117 



THE THIRTY- NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




Upper: Marching through a French village on the way to Germany. 
Lower: Kitchens and transport on the march. 

118 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

On the morning of November 21st we resumed our march, 
passing through Vigneulles, Hattonville, Billy, St. Maurice, 
Woel, Jonville, Hannonville, Brainville to Conflans, where all 
units except the First Battalion bivouacked for the night. The 
First Battalion continued its march into Labry, where it was bil- 
leted for the night in old French barracks which had been evac- 
uated by the Germans but several days prior to our arrival. The 
distance covered on this day was about 43 kilometers Between 
Woel and Joinville we crossed what was No Mans Land at the 
time the Armistice was signed. We were extended a fine recep- 
tion by the inhabitants of Conflans, which had been occupied by 
the enemy since practically the beginning of the war. It had 
also gained the name of 'Pumping Station" on account of the 
fact that Allied prisoners captured in this sector were sent here 
for their examination. 

Continuing the march the following day (November 22nd), 
we went through Labry, Valleroy, Briey, Averil, Neunhauser. 
The regiment halted for the night as follows: Regimental Head- 
quarters and the special units at Hay nn gen, First and Second Bat- 
talions at Algringen, and the Third Battalion at Kneuttingen. 
The march for this day was about 25 kilometers ,and took us 
through a beautiful country which had escaped destruction dur- 
ing the war. Most of the towns seemed to be prosperous and there 
were a number of manufacturing plants in them. We had passed 
through the famous Briey coal fields toward which the Allied 
attack was about to be launched when stopped by the Armis- 
tice. When we entered the town of Neunhauser, we left France 
behind and entered into Lorraine. All the towns in Lorraine 
through which we marched were gayly decorated in honor of 
the arrival of Allied troops. Banners and signs of welcome were 
very much in evidence, and we were acclaimed as deliverers of 
an oppressed people. Many local citizens' committees welcomed 
us officially, while the women and children dressed in their quaint 
native costumes greeted us affectionately. 

On November 23rd we marched through Otringen, arriving 
shortly after noon at Gross Hettingen, where the entire regiment 
was billeted. During our eight days' stay at this town, we 
bathed, cleaned our equipment, and devoted considerable time 
to close order drill and guard duty. The weather was very 
miserable, as it rained almost continuously during all the eight 
days. 

119 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




Upper: Starting on the day's march from Remich, Luxembourg. 
Lower: Thirty-ninth doughboys crossing the Moselle into Germany. 



I 20 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

On December 2nd we resumed our march, going through 
Ruttgen, Rentgen, Altweis, Mondorf, and were billeted for the 
night as follows. Regimental Headquarters, Headquarters Com- 
pany and the Second Battalion at Welfrange; First Battalion at 
Ellange; Third Battalion, Machine Gun and Supply Companies 
atErpeldange. This day's march of about 17 kilometers carried 
us across the border into Luxembourg, the town of Altweis being 
the first of that little country which we entered. 

December 3rd was a very memorable day. Resuming our 
march early in the morning, we went through Remich, crossed 
the bridge there over the Moselle River, and at 10:35 en ~ 
tered Germany. It was on this day also that the Division 
Commander, Major General Mark L. Hersey, commended our 
regiment for its splendid achievement. He stated that in all 
of his experience he had never before witnessed march discipline 
so nearly approaching perfection as that of our regiment. Pass- 
ing through Nennig, Sinz, Kirf, Meurich, the regiment was bil- 
leted for the night as follows : Regimental Headquarters, Head- 
quarters Company, Machine Gun Company, "I" and "K" Com- 
panies at Saarburg; First Battalion at Trassen; "E" Company at 
Portz; "F", "G", "H" and Supply Companies at Keisen; "L" 
and "M" Companies at Perdenbach. The distance marched was 
approximately 24 kilometers. 

The following day, December 4th, we continued on our way, 
going through Niederleuken, Birbelhausen, Wiltingen, and 
halted for "the night as follows: Regimental Headquarters, 
Headquarters Company and Machine Gun Company at Krett- 
nach; Supply Company, First and Second Battalions at Ober 
Emmel; Third Battalion at Ober Mennig. Distance marched 
on this day approximately 18 kilometers. 

On December 5th our march carried us through Franzen- 
heim, Pluivig, Schondorf, Bonerath, Morscheid and Waldrach, 
where all units, except the Third Battalion, were billeted. The 
Third Battalion stopped for the night at Casel. The day's march 
of about 24 kilometers was a very trying one, as the country was 
exceptionally hilly, and it was necessary for the men to push the 
wagon trains up the many steep hills. 

At this time the Regiment was ordered to send by rail one 
complete battalion to Coblentz for duty. Colonel Bolles designat- 
ed the Second Battalion, under command of Major Hackett, for 
this detail, and Lieut. Colonel Lockett to accompany it as Mili- 
tary Commander of the city. On December 6th the Second Bat- 

121 



THE THIRTY- NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

talion marched to Rwwer-Paulin, where it was inspected by 
Major General Hersey the following day. Early in the morn- 
ing of December 8th, it marched to Trier, where it entrained, 
arriving at Coblentz at 2:15 o'clock in the afternoon. These 
were the first Allied combat troops to enter the city of Coblentz. 
Contrary to the expectations of the civilian population, no cere- 
mony or parade of any sort marked our entry. A number of 
newspaper men who accompanied the Second Battalion from 
Trier, ready to give wide publicity to the important event, found 
it less sensational than they had expected. Our entry into Cob- 
lentz was no more dramatic nor spectacular than the entrance of 
our troops into any other less important places in Germany. The 
troops detrained quickly but quietly, and marched to the Ger- 
man barracks in different parts of the city. By 3:15 p. m., one 
hour after our arrival, we occupied the German barracks, re- 
lieved their sentinels at the bridges, arsenal, railroad yards, and 
took complete possession of the city. 

At first our battalion was the only American military organi- 
zation in Coblentz, and in addition to the regular guard duties, 
did the patrolling along the river front and through the city, 
regulated traffic, and performed military police work. On 
December 16th Third Army Headquarters moved into the city, 
and some of their military police companies relieved us of part 
of our work. About two weeks after our arrival, a battalion of 
the Fifty-eighth Infantry was placed at the disposal of Lieut. 
Col. Lockett. However, despite the help of these additional 
troops, the duties of the Second Battalion were expanded, and the 
situation was by no means relieved. Battalion parades and formal 
guard mounts were held every other day. On the occasion of the 
visits of General Pershing and the Prince of Wales, our men 
were turned out as Guards of Honor for the distinguished visi- 
tors. When the Commander-in-Chief inspected the troops in 
the vicinity of Coblentz, he complimented the Thirty-ninth 
Infantry men for the splendid appearance they made. 

One of the longest and most difficult marches we made was on 
December 6th. We started to march at 7 o'clock in the morning, 
and did not reach our destinations until 10:30 o'clock that night. 
Our route lay through Ruaver, Paulin, Schweich, Hetzerath, 
Clausen, Osann, Maring and Lieser, where all units except "I" 
and "M" Companies remained for the night, while the latter 
proceeded through Cues to Berncastel, and there halted. The 
distance marched this day was about 40 kilometers. 

122 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

The following morning the march was resumed. We went 
through Cues, crossed the Moselle into Berncastel, then through 
Longkamp, and halted for one day and two nights at the follow- 
ing towns: Regimental Headquarters, Headquarters Company, 
Supply Company, and the Third Battalion at Hinzerath; "A" 
and "B" Companies at Cleinich; "C" and "D" Companies and 
Machine Gun Company at Ober Cleinich. Distance marched 
about twenty kilometers. 

On the morning of December 9th the march was resumed, 
Regimental Headquarters, Headquarters Company, Supply 
Company and the Third Battalion halting for the night at Buch- 
enbeuren, while the First Battalion and Machine Gun Company 
were billeted at Wurrich. The distance marched was about 15 
kilometers, but the weather was very unpleasant, being quite 
cold and rainy. 

On December 10th a march of about 26 kilometers was made, 
the First Battalion and Machine Gun Company going through 
Kappel and Kastellaun to Buck, where they were billeted. The 
remaining units marched through Wurrich, Loffelscheid, Blank- 
erath to M aster shaus en, where they halted. The regiment re- 
mained in this area three nights and two days, during which time 
the men took a well earned rest, cleaned their clothes and equip- 
ment, and prepared themselves for the continuation of the march. 

On Friday, December 13th, we marched 35 kilometers in a 
steady downpour of rain. The First Battalion and Machine Gun 
Company passed through Morsdorf to Treis, where they crossed 
the Moselle on a German pontoon bridge, then through 
Pommern and Kail to Illerich, where they halted. The other 
units marched through Blankerath, Alt, Strimmig, Treis, to 
Klotten, where they were billeted. The poor roads in this sec- 
tion of the country were almost washed away by the heavy rains, 
and made the marching exceedingly difficult. In addition, the 
transportation had to be pushed along almost during the entire 
march. 

The following day we marched through Landkern and 
Kaisersech to Monreal, where Regimental Headquarters, Head- 
quarters Company, Supply Company, and the Third Battalion 
were billeted. The First Battalion and Machine Gun Company 
went on through Weiler to Luxem, where they were to halt for 
the night. On arrival at this town, however, we found that it 
was occupied by other troops, and that the billeting facilities 

123 



THE THIRTY- NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

were insufficient to accommodate our men. The First Battalion 
therefore went to Barr, and Machine Gun Company to 
Herresbach. 

On December 15th we proceeded through Dottingen, Breid- 
scheid, Adenau to Leimbach, where the Third Battalion halted. 
Regimental Headquarters was established at Bruck; Headquar- 
ters Company and Machine Gun Company at Liers; Supply 
Company at Nieder Adenau; "A" and "C" Companies at 
Schuld; "B" and "D" Companies at Dumpelfeld. On arrival 
in this area, we were informed that our march was ended, and 
that we were to remain here for some time. The next day, Head- 
quarters Company, "I" and "L" Companies moved to Bruck; 
Supply Company to Dumpelfeld; "B" Company to Insul; "K" 
and "M" Companies to Honningen. On December 17th "I" 
Company moved to Putzfeld. 

When we were finally settled on December 17th, the Regi- 
ment was stationed as follows: Regimental Headquarters, Head- 
quarters Company and "L" Company at Bruck; Machine Gun 
Company at Liers; Supply Company and a D" Company at 
Dumpelfeld; "A" and "C" Companies at Schuld; "B" Company 
at Insul; "I" Company at Putzfeld; "K" and "M" Companies at 
Honningen. 

We feel that we are quite just in stating that our march from 
France into Germany is undoubtedly one of the most wonder- 
ful achievements of the American Army. The officers and men 
who participated in it will long remember and cherish the 
thoughts of this accomplishment. During almost the entire 
march the weather was very inclement. Many of the marches 
were made in continuous rain, and at times the clothing and 
equipment remained wet and damp for days. The roads, which 
were left in terrible condition by the retreating Germans, were 
impassable in some cases, and in many instances we were com- 
pelled to change our routes, making long detours and counter- 
marches. The exhausted animals did their best to haul the 
heavily loaded wagon trains, but the ruined and muddy roads 
and the hilly nature of the country made it impossible for them 
to do it alone. Our troops, carrying their full equipment, and 
themselves very tired, put their shoulders to the wheels and 
pushed the transportation along, making it possible for the trains 
to keep up with us. 

The appearance of the men and transport throughout the 
entire march was beyond the highest expectations. Despite the 

124 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

inclement weather and lack of facilities, the men's clothing were 
kept neat, trim and pressed, and shoes were shined at all times. 
On arrival at our billets at the end of the day's march, the troops 
devoted considerable time in washing and scrubbing their cloth- 
ing and equipment, and in preparing for the march of the fol- 
lowing day. 

Marching at the head of the column, the regimental band 
played as we passed through each town and village, while the 
troops marched at attention. We have no doubt but that the 
determinations and ideals with which we set out on the march 
were fully carried out and the impression we made on the Ger- 
man population was excellent. 

The memory of the strenuous days and nights spent in train- 
ing and in battle, and the great cause for which we had fought 
were ever present in our minds. We had defeated the armies 
of the most militaristic nation in the world, and our regiment 
had played an important part in this, the greatest and bloodiest 
of wars. We had compelled the enemy to beg for peace, and we, 
of the victorious army, were now entering their country. We 
were very proud of our achievements, and the discipline and 
morale of our troops brought forth unlimited praise from many 
sources. 

For a week after our arrival in the Bruck area we rested, 
cleaned our clothing and equipment, and made our billets as 
comfortable as possible. We also received some new clothing 
and shoes, which were particularly needed. It is safe to say that 
there were on an average of forty men per company who made 
the march into Germany with part or all of their soles entirely 
gone — and some men were nearly barefooted. 

On December 27th our Brigade was assembled near Adenau, 
Germany, where Major General Mark L. Hersey presented the 
Distinguished Service Cross to Brig. Gen. B. A. Poore, and the 
Croix de Guerre to Major M. C. Mitchell, Capt. M. W. Haney, 
and Sgt. F. De Luca, of "I" Company, together with several 
awards to officers and men of other units of the Brigade. After 
the presentation ceremonies, the Brigade was reviewed. 

Due to the efforts of Colonel Bolles to secure better quarters 
for the regiment, we moved on December 28th, by marching, 
through Kempenich, where Regimental Headquarters and the 
special units were billeted, the remaining units being bil- 
leted in the vicinity of Kempenich. The following day, Decem- 

125 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

ber 29th, the First Battalion marched to Rieden, and the Third 
Battalion to Weibern. In this area the regiment had plenty of 
billeting accommodations, and comfortably settled down to the 
life incident to the occupation of German territory. 




Five-year-old Tony Schaefer of Kempenich, 
Germany, rendering a salute 



126 



The bravest men in 

the Regiment as 

chosen by their 

comrades 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Headquarters Company 

Sergeant Otto S. Johnson, born too near the Swedish coast to break the 
family's sea-going traditions. Has sailed the seven seas. Collided with a 
typhoon on the Indian Ocean, and was only rescued after two and one-half 
days in an open boat. "The U. S. A. for me" was a decision he made after 
visiting five continents. Just to show that he meant it, when the 39th In- 
fantry got into actions, Johnson's most convincing argument to the Boche 
was the penetrative talk of his one-pounders. 



Machine Gun Company 

Private First Class Charles G. Weir, Belfast to Montana at the age of 
seventeen. Besides baggage he brought plenty of fighting spirit and gales 
of wit. His father and three brothers served the British cause. Two of his 
brothers made the supreme sacrifice in the great war. "Fearless Red Weir" 
is a runner who did faithful work in every battle the organization took part. 
His wit, song and ever joyful mood is very contagious. Happy are his com- 
rades when "Red" Weir is around. 



Supply Company 

Wagoner Dexter Potter. "Well, they're pretty durn bad," he drawled when 
a Boche shell fragment knocked a cup of coffee out of his hand; and then 
continued eating without showing any interest in the gaping shell hole a 
few feet away. The obstacle has not yet been found which can keep Potter 
away from his organization. He has been "very much" present for the last 
twentv months. 



Medical Detachment 

Sergeant Edward S. Mercier, a Troy, New Yorker, has been in all the regi- 
ment's campaigns. He knew that men who needed bandages couldn't come 
after them, and that they needed attention during the "strafe" as much as 
during the lull. One General recognized his efforts, that's why he wears 
the silver star. The "buddies" he has helped, also have a few more cita- 
tions to add. 

128 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




Sergeant Otto S. Johnson 
Wagoner Dexter Potter 



Private (1st Class) Charles G. Weir 
Sergeant Edward S. Mercier 



129 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



"A" Company 

Corporal Jeffery Gibbons, from Quakertown. Any Jerry sentiment that 
Quakers are peaceful was certainly settled adversely in the fiery arguments 
in "No Man's Land." He did not get his warrant in the rush; ever brave, 
faithful and obedient, it required the acid test of action on the Vesle to show 
some one that he was entitled to non-com. chevrons. 



"B" Company 

Private William F. Krueger, native son of the Empire State. As Sergeant 
he proved to be a fearless leader in all the engagements of the 39th In- 
fantry. Retired to "private" life when the struggle was over. Besides 
sporting a wound chevron, his countenance is adorned by a smile which 
refuses to come off. 



"C" Company 

Sergeant Arthur I. Clark came over as a "buck," having left his Montana 
homestead in 1917. It was in the 39th's baptism of fire that he earned his 
first step up. The lack of fear which he displayed later in the Argonne 
offensive marked him as a scrapper with few peers. "Courage and leader- 
ship" stands out on his D. S. C, which with a wound chevron is fitting 
testimony of what he did in the big fight. 



"D" Company 

First Sergeant Ernest R. Potter after leaving Tarentum, Pennsylvania, 
served eight years with the Marines. Snap sparkles from his brown eyes ; if 
their asking does not get results, twelve years of service-hardened muscles 
will. Wounded in the Vesle fighting, but refused to go to the rear until 
three German counter attacks had been repulsed. His comrades are as proud 
of their "top kicker's" D. S. C. as he is. 



130 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




Corporal Jeffery Gibbons 
Sergeant Arthur I. Clark 



Private William F. Krueger 
First Sergeant Ernest R. Potter 



131 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



"E" Company 

Sergeant David D. Pollock, a Hoosier from Peru, has been with the 39th 
from the start. One wound didn't jar out any of his desire to close with 
the Hun, so he came back and continued to set an example of aggressiveness 
to his platoon. His efficiency has continued throughout the era of occupa- 
tion. 



"F" Company 

Sergeant William Howard left Pennsylvania to serve his first hitch in the 
army in 1905. Two years spent in quieting the "spies" in the islands. Has 
been in all the engagements with the Regiment, and had his share of miracu- 
lous escapes and jarringly-close calls. He isn't the only man of action in the 
Company, but the rest voted him the "bravest." 



"G" Company 

Sergeant Roman J. Milewski. They knocked out his corporal in the shell- 
splintered Argonne before Milewski was given the chance to show that he 
could handle seven men and a couple of automatic rifles. With both his 
carriers wounded at a critical stage of the fight, he maintained an accurate 
fire on the enemy until his company could get in position to be of assistance, 
thereby outlasting his ammunition. 



"H" Company 

Sergeant Albert S. Thompson. Some one planted a tree in a convenient 
position in "No Man's Land" for Sergeant Thompson. He sat against its 
shell-scarred trunk for two days and put into practical use all the knowledge 
of drift, elevation and windage he had learned during a year in the army. 
Was with "H" Company in all its actions. 



132 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




Sargeant David D. Pollock 
Sergeant Roman J. Milewski 



Sergeant William Howard 
Sergeant Albert S. Thompson 



133 



THE THIRTY- NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



"I" Company 

Corporal Elry B. Scoggins. From the ranks of the Texas Rangers, skilled in 
border warfare with Mexicans and lawbreakers. Distinguished himself as a 
runner under heavy fire on the Ourcq and the Vesle. Again in the Argonne 
he won distinction when he rallied the shattered remnants of a platoon and 
held a front of 250 yards until relieved the day following. Appointed Cor- 
poral after the Vesle fighting. 



"K" Company 

Sergeant James H. Roberts. Soon after the "jump off" on September 26th, 
a sniper got him in the left arm. Though ordered back by his Company 
Commander, Sergeant Roberts remained on duty, directing the attack of his 
platoon for two days, when he was wounded in the left knee. He again 
chose to stick with his badly shattered, but irresistibly successful comrades, 
but was overruled and carried to the rear. His conduct set such an example 
to his men that they were all delighted to see him awarded the D. S. C. 



"L" Company 

Cook Vincent Taragowski, one of our foreign-born heroes. Six feet of 
straight, clean strength. Has been cook since the Company was organized. 
Fed 'em while they fought. German shell fire kept his comrades from get- 
ting a canteen of water, but Taragowski pulled an unused water cart of hot 
coffee up to the men in full view of the astonished Boche. 



"M" Company 

Private Paul J. Pappas entered the army from Ohio. In the Argonne fight- 
ing displayed great coolness and bravery. As the line was withdrawing, 
Private Pappas saw the enemy forming for a counter attack and refused to 
withdraw. Although subjected to a withering machine gun fire, by efficient 
use of his automatic rifle, he held that section of the line for several hours. 



134 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




Corporal Elry B. Scoggins 
Cook Vincent Taragowski 



Sergeant James H. Roberts 
Private Paul J. Pappas 



135 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



Station Lists of Thirty -ninth Infantry from 
March 28th to July 1st, 1919 



Regimental Headquarters 

April 7th Rolandswerth 

April 8th Haus Ernich 

(Near Oberwinter) 

Headquarters Company 

April 7th Rolandswerth 

Machine Gun Company 

April 6th Kripp 

April 9th Rolandseck 

April 11th Rolandswerth 

April 17th Rolandseck 

June 18th _ Bendorf 

June 30th Rolandseck 

Supply Company 

April 4th Neuenahr 

April 8th Unkelbach Cast el 

April 11th Rolandswerth 

"A" Company 

March 31st Oldingen 

April 7th Rolandseck 

May 23rd West Trier 

June 18th Bendorf 

"B" Company 

April 1st Bendorf 

April 8th Rolandseck 

May 23rd 

Half Company West Trier 

Half Company Cues 

June 2nd, Entire Co West Trier 

June 4th Belval-Hutte, 

Luxembourg 

Detachment Dommeldange, 

Luxembourg 
June 12th, Entire Co. ...Belval-Hutte, 

Luxembourg 
June 1 8th Bendorf 

"C" Company 

April 2nd Rolandseck 



May 23rd 

Half Company Bitburg 

Half Company Brum 

May 30th, Entire Co Bitburg 

May 31st West Trier 

June 4th Hallschlag 

June 12th Dommeldange, 

Luxembourg 
June 1 8th Bendorf 

"D" Company 

April 4th Remagen 

April 10th Rolandseck 

May 23rd Bitburg 

"E" Company 

May 5th Lohndorf 

May 14th Oberwinter 

May 22nd Neuenahr 

June 18th 

Half Company Neuenahr 

Half Company Mayen 

"F" Company 

May 5th Lohndorf 

May 14th Unkelbach 

May 22nd Andernach 

"G" Company 

May 5th Lohndorf 

May 14th Chateau 

(Near Oberwinter) 

May 22nd Andernach 

June 18th 

1 Officer and 30 Men Antwerp, 

Belgium 

1 Officer and 30 Men Rotterdam, 

Holland 
Remainder Company Andernach 

"H" Company 

May 5th Ober Breisig 

May 22nd Oberwinter 

One Platoon Bodendorf 



137 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



"I" Company 

April 6th Ahrweiler 

Detachments Geisdorf, 

Fritzdorf, Neuenahr 

April 13th Oberivinter 

May 22nd Kripp 

June 3rd Sinzig 

June 30th Coblentz-Luetzel 



"K" Company 

March 28th Neuenahr 

Detachments Geisdorf, 

Walporzheim, Kreuzberg, 

Reimerzhofen, Marienthal 

April 14th Rolandseck 



May 21st 

Half Company Rolandseck 

Half Company Sinzig 

May 22nd, Entire Co Sinzig 

June 18th Coblentz-Luetzel 

"L" Company 

April 3rd Franken 

April 7th Nieder Breisig 

April 12th Oberwinter 

May 24th May en 

June 19th Coblentz-Neuendorf 

"M" Company 

April 5th Kripp 

April 13th Oberwinter 

M ay 25th May en 

June 4th Coblentz 



138 




CHAPTKkUX 




Occupation of Germany 

IN performing our duties, we were determined to treat our 
defeated enemy with fairness and justice at all times. Hereto- 
fore we had been fighting a violent, armed enemy, one who 
had contested strongly every foot of ground over which we 
advanced. Now we were in their country, peopled only by 
civilians, and mainly old men, women and children. Contrary 
to the methods of occupation of Belgium and Northern France 
by the German Armies, we felt it incumbent on us to be strictly 
guided by the principles of international law, justice, honor and 
humanity. The behavior of our troops towards these people 
was remarkable. There was no fraternization; a state of war 
still existed; and all our dealings with them were of a purely 
businesslike nature. 

Outside of certain restrictions, the Germans were governed by 
their own civil authorities. We established an Office in Charge 
of Civil Affairs, and our Provost and Inferior Courts admin- 
istered justice to those who violated our regulations. 

The civilians in the occupied territory were greatly relieved 
by our presence. They had just reasons to be afraid of the Spar- 
tacist and Bolshevik movements which were rapidly spreading 
over the country. Interior Germany was in a state of turmoil 
and revolution, which meant destruction of government, life 
and property. With our army in their midst, they were safe 
from these evils. 

While the people were at first bitterly disappointed at the 
outcome of the war, they gradually became reconciled to the 
inevitable. The children, with the freedom of youth which 
knows no cares, took a great liking to our troops, and attached 
themselves to our camps. Instilled by the habit of militarism, 
they quickly learned the American salute and were always on the 
job to salute all our officers. One particular youngster whose 

139 



THE 


THIRTY- 


■NINTH 


INFANTRY 


I N 


THE 


WORLD 


WAR 








r » 








-i 






Upper: German civilians watching with interest the arrival of our transport. 
Lower: The doughboys' toilette on the march into Germany. 



I4O 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

photograph appears on a preceding page was especially vigilant 
in this respect and proved to be a great favorite with Colonel 
Bolles. On the whole we found the population in American- 
occupied Germany to be orderly and not unfriendly to us. 

That our administration was just and the behavior of our 
troops beyond any criticism is evidenced by the following com- 
munication sent to Colonel Bolles by the Burgomeister of Kem- 
penich, Germany: 



Kempenich, April 3, 1919. 
His Highness 
Colonel Bolles 

KEMPENICH. 

I will take pleasure before you leave our city to express the deepest 
thanks for your wise and just treatment towards the people and I assure 
you that His Highness has gained the deepest respect. 

It is my sincere desire that the people of Remagen and Rolandseck 
may receive the same just treatment and also that your successor in 
Kempenich may treat us as well as you have done. 

Very respectfully, 

{Signed) Busch. 



While in France we occupied such areas as were necessary 
by cause of military reasons. Nearly all these were in the de- 
vastated regions, and naturally the quarters in our training areas 
were poor. However, we were now in German territory which 
had escaped destruction and all outward effects of war. We 
requisitioned such of their public and private buildings as were 
necessary for our use, and settled ourselves comfortably. New 
clothing and equipment was issued, and life took on a different 
phase from that in or near the lines. 

Besides performing the usual guard duties, we resumed a 
course of training which took in all the phases of our arm. Con- 
siderable time was devoted to infantry drill; target practice was 
held on an excellent range which we constructed near Weibern; 
problems and maneuvers of every nature were conducted fre- 
quently, and we "captured" every town, village, hill and strong 
point in the vicinity; specialists' schools were established; and 
parades and reviews were held occasionally. 

141 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



ARMY OF OCCUPATION - 




TZBSfUL, JEOT 



142 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

The system of education inaugurated throughout the A. E. F. 
was received with great enthusiasm by all ranks. Within the 
regiment schools were conducted for illiterates, and strict attend- 
ance was required of them. Enrollment was voluntary in the 
classes in French, German, Advanced English, History, Geog- 
raphy, Mathematics, and other subjects. This regiment also fur- 
nished one officer and a number of men as instructors and students 
for the Division Educational Center, where extensive courses 
were conducted in various academic and vocational subjects. 
Selected officers and men were sent to the American E. F. Uni- 
versity at Beaunne (Cote D'or), France, and to British and 
French universities. Thus many men were afforded excellent op- 
portunities to improve their education and become better pre- 
pared to resume their civil pursuits. 

A good deal of time was devoted to athletics, in which nearly 
every member of the command participated. Football, basket- 
ball, baseball and track teams were organized and the competi- 
tions evoked great interest among all ranks. The spirit of 
friendly rivalry showed fine results in platoon competitions, the 
selection of the cleanest kitchens, horse shows, and target 
practice. 

Boxing bouts and entertainments were held at frequent inter- 
vals throughout the regimental area. Professional entertainers 
in the service of the Y. M. C. A. and soldiers from our and 
neighboring units presented their specialties before large 
and appreciative audiences in the Y. M. C. A. buildings and 
company mess halls. The ever popular "movies" also helped to 
pass the evening hours pleasantly. 



H3 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




PERSHING LOOKS US OVER- 



\pnpxNG izG&mr ^JoTje^e, zz&ss Ljjxe,-\ 



144 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

OUR Regiment sent about two hundred men weekly to 
Leave Areas in France, where the lucky doughboys 
enjoyed from seven to ten days' sojourn with all expenses 
paid by the Government. Leaves for fourteen days were granted 
to officers and men to visit Great Britain, Italy and France, and 
permission to spend three days in Paris was given to all ranks 
who had the means and desire to go there. This liberal system 
of leaves enabled many to see parts of the Old World other 
than the shell torn and war worn districts; while those who 
had relatives and friends here had an opportunity to visit them. 

On February 3rd, 1919, the Regiment was assembled near 
Weibern, where the Division Commander, Major General 
Mark L. Hersey, decorated the Regimental Colors and Colonel 
Bolles with the Croix de Guerre with Gold Star. These awards 
were made by the French Government for the splendid action of 
the Thirty-ninth Infantry, under command of Colonel Bolles, on 
July 1 8th, 191 8, in capturing the Buisson de Cresnes and the vil- 
lage of Noroy. 

On March 18th, 1919, the Commander-in-Chief, General 
John J. Pershing, inspected and reviewed our division near 
Buchel, and at the same time presented the Distinguished Serv- 
ice Cross to Colonel Bolles and to several other officers and men 
of the Regiment. In order to participate in this ceremony, we 
marched for two days in very inclement w T eather, and bivouacked 
at night. During the entire night and morning preceding the 
review a heavy snowstorm fell, making our camping place, the 
roads, and the inspection field itself practically a sea of mud. 
However 5 despite these obstacles, we presented a magnificent 
appearance, and were highly complimented by the Commander- 
in-Chief, the Army, Corps, Division, Brigade and Regimental 
Commanders. On the night of the 18th we again bivouacked, 
and returned to our billets the following day in motor trucks, 
which Brigadier General Poore personally obtained for us. 



145 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

The following written commendations on the inspection and 
review are quoted: 



AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 
OFFICE OF THE COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF 

France, March 25th, 1919. 
Major General Mark L. Hersey, 
Commanding 4th Division, A. E. F. 
Germany. 

My dear General Hersey: 

It is with deep gratification that I observed the excellent condition of 
the Fourth Division on the occasion of my inspection on March 18th. 
The transportation and the artillery of the Division were in splendid 
shape and the general appearance of the men was equal to the highest 
standards. Throughout the inspection and review, the high morale exist- 
ing in all ranks was evident. 

Arriving in France in May, the Fourth Division was first engaged in 
the Maine counter offensive on July 18th as a part of the French VI 
Army. Detachments aided in the crossing of the Ourcq and on August 
3-4 the Division advanced to the Vesle. In the reduction of the St. Mi- 
hiel salient, it carried its objectives with effectiveness and precision. For 
the open attack of the Meuse-Argonne offensive, the Fourth Division was 
put into the line as the center unit of the Third Corps and by its aggres- 
siveness made a total advance of 13 kilometers despite continued and 
heavy resistance. 

As part of the Third Army, the Division participated in the march 
into Germany and the subsequent occupation of enemy territory. I am 
pleased to mention the excellent conduct of the men in these difficult 
circumstances, for which, as well as for their services in battle, they 
are due the gratitude of the nation. 

I wish to express to each man my own appreciation of the splendid 
work that has been done and the assurance of my continued interest in 
his welfare. 

Most sincerely yours, 

John J. Persuing. 



146 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

HEADQUARTERS FOURTH DIVISION 
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

Memorandum Germany, 25 March, 1919. 

No. 32 

1. With just pride and deep satisfaction, the Division Commander 
publishes the following communication : 

"ARMY OF OCCUPATION" 

THIRD U. S. ARMY, 

OFFICE OF CHIEF OF STAFF, 

Coblentz, Germany, March 19, 1919. 
From: Chief of Staff, Third Army, American E. F. 
To: Commanding General, Fourth Corps, American E. F. 
Subject: Commendation. 

1. The Army Commander directs me to congratulate the Command- 
ing General of the Fourth Corps on the condition and appearance of the 
Fourth Corps troops and the Third and Fourth Divisions during the 
recent inspections by the Commander-in-Chief. 

2. The condition of these troops is the direct reflection of the intel- 
ligent work they have done in training and instruction in spite of adverse 
conditions since the arrival in their present areas. 

By Command of Major General Dickman: 

Malin Craig, 
Brigadier General, U. S. A., Chief of Staff. 

1st Ind. 
Headquarters IV Army Corps, American E. F., March 23, 1919, 
To Commanding General, 4th Division. 

1. Official copy furnished to C. G., 4th Division. 

2. The Corps Commander directs me to inform you -that it gives 
him great pleasure to transmit to you the congratulations of the Army 
Commander and to say that he appreciates the fact that nothing but the 
continuous and energetic efforts of the Division Commander and the loyal 
support of his subordinates could have brought your Division to its 
present high standard of efficiency. 

B. H. Wells, Chief of Staff. 

3. This memorandum will be read to all organizations of the Divi- 
sion and then posted on bulletin boards for three days. 

By Command of Major General Hersey: 

C. A. Bach, 

Colonel, General Staff, Chief of Staff. 
Official: 

Max B. Garber, Lt. Col. 58th Infantry, Acting Adjutant. 

H7 



THE THIRTY- NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



HEADQUARTERS FOURTH DIVISION 
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

Germany, 22 March, 1919. 
General Orders 

No. 17. 

1. It is with pride and gratification that the Division Commander 
publishes the praise accorded the 4th Division by the Commander-in- 
Chief on the occasion of his inspection and review, March 18th. Not 
only did the Commander-in-Chief privately express his complete satisfac- 
tion but publicly, in his address after the review, he complimented the 
Division on the splendid condition of its transport and the personnel on 
its appearance. He stated that the Division was "magnificent" ; that it 
was "second to none in the A. E. F." 

2. To these commendations of the Commander-in-Chief, the Divi- 
sion Commander desires to add his own appreciation, not only of the 
wonderful showing made by the Division at the inspection and review, 
but of the bigger thing behind it — the Divisional spirit that made such a 
showing possible. The superb condition of transport and material and 
the fine appearance of the men on this occasion is merely another mani- 
festation of the same spirit that impelled the Division to be the first to 
cross the Vesle; that kept it in the fighting line for twenty-four con- 
secutive days in the Meuse-Argonne campaign and held its lines farther 
advanced than those of any other American Division. It is the same 
spirit that spoke through an artillery soldier, who, while cleaning the 
wheel of a gun carriage on the morning of March 18th, called out to 
another soldier, "Well, by God, they don't hang anything on this 
Battery." It is the same spirit that made men willing to bivouac in the 
cold and rain; that made them wake up in the morning with a grin 
and again go it. It grips the new man shortly after he joins and stays 
with him long after he has left the Division. It is dauntless, deathless. 
It makes all things possible. For this magnificent Divisional pride, for 
this esprit de corps which, transcending all personal consideration, binds 
men together for a common purpose, the Division Commander thanks 
every officer and man. 

3. This order will be read to all units of the Division and then 
posted on Bulletin Board for three days. 

By Command of Major General Hersey: 

C. A. Bach, 
Colonel, General Staff, Chief of Staff. 
Official: 
Max B. Garber, Lt. Col. 58th Infantry, Acting Adjutant. 



148 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



HEADQUARTERS SEVENTH INFANTRY BRIGADE 
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

Germany, 21st March, 1919. 
From: Commanding General, 7th Infantry Brigade, 
To: C. O., 39th Infantry, 47th Infantry, 11th M. G. Bn. 
Subject: Appearance of Units of the Brigade at the Recent Inspection 
and Review of the 4th Division. 

1. I wish to record my gratification at the results of the inspection 
made on the 18th inst. by the Commander-in-Chief; at the splendid 
appearance of officers, men, equipment and transportation; and at the 
performance of all the units of the Brigade during the formation and 
ceremonies. 

2. These results are especially pleasing in view of the fact that all 
units had marched two days under trying conditions, to reach the field 
where the formation was held; and that all had spent the preceding 
night in bivouac in a violent snowstorm. 

On the morning of the 18th the field was covered with snow, which 
had partly melted at the hour set for the review, and the field was 
slushy and muddy. The day was cold and a strong wind in the faces of 
the men added to their discomforts. 

3. To make so excellent an appearance under these conditions, called 
for a display of good will, discipline, and team-work, that can come only 
from organizations that have been well trained and are imbued with the 
feeling that they have no superiors in the American Expeditionary Forces. 

4. The Commander-in-Chief in his address to the troops left no 
doubt in their minds that he considered the 4th Division second to none 
in his command ; and certain correspondents present, who said they had 
seen all the American Divisions, stated to me that the 7th Brigade was 
the finest they had seen. 

5. I wish to convey to all organizations my pride and satisfaction 
that this Brigade made such a splendid showing; and at the same time 
to remind them that every effort must be made, not only to maintain, 
but to improve the high standard already set, in order that they may 
have firm foundation for the belief that each forms a part of the finest 
Brigade and Division in the American Army. 

6. You will please cause this communication to be read to each 
organization at the first assembly after its receipt. 

B. A. Poore, 
Brigadier General, U. S. A. } Commanding. 



149 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



HEADQUARTERS THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY 
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

Germany, 20 March, 1919. 
Memorandum : 

The following memorandum will be brought to the attention of all 
soldiers of this command : 

"The Regimental Commander takes great pleasure in being able to 
commend the officers and men of this Regiment for the excellent showing 
that was made by them at the recent review. I have heard nothing but 
words of praise in regard to their performances. They have again dem- 
onstrated that they are not only a good fighting regiment, but they are 
equally good at maneuvers and parades. The Brigade Commander felt 
so much gratitude at their performances that he personally secured trucks 
to return them to their billets instead of having them march back. 

It is almost needless for me to say that the regiment will continue 
to build up and preserve their excellent reputation in every respect." 

F. C. Bolles, 
Colonel, 3Qth Infantry, Commanding. 



I50 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



THE. PLAY'S THE! THING — 




151 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



BEGINNING with March 28th our units commenced to 
take over the duties and area of the Forty-second Division 
in the Kreis of Ahrweiler. After moving about for two 
weeks,* the Regiment took station in the towns of Roland swerth, 
Rolandseck, and Oberwtnter* with Regimental Headquarters at 
Haus Ernich, near Oberisointer. This area, situated along the 
left bank of the Rhine, is in one of the most beautiful and historic 
sections of Europe. It is justly termed the Riviera of Germany. 
As most of these towns are summer resorts, the billeting accom- 
modations were the best we had had since our sojourn in Europe. 
The spacious and comfortable hotels afforded our troops such 
luxuries as they had not enjoyed for many months. 

As a further example of the high esteem in which we were 
regarded by the German population, many delegations from the 
Kempenich area visited us after we got settled in our new 
stations. 

As the northern edge of Rolandsiverth marked the boundary 
between the American and British occupied territories, we main- 
tained a barrier guard at that point to examine all passes of 
those entering or leaving our area. It was while engaged in 
this duty, that on April 8th, Corporal Fred Staton of "C" Com- 
pany was hit by a speeding British automobile which did not 
stop, either to show passes, or to ascertain the extent of the 
injuries of the victim of the accident. Corporal Staton, who had 
survived the many dangers of being in action with the Regiment, 
died a short time later in the hospital at Neuenahr. 

A railroad guard was operated at Rolandseck and Remagen 
to enforce travel regulations and prevent the transporting of 
food out of our territory. A strict watch was kept on the Rhine, 
and no water craft was permitted to cross into the neutral zone 
or to land on our side without proper authority. 

After getting settled we resumed training. Excellent prog- 
ress was made in target practice, to which considerable time 
was devoted. Two very good rifle ranges were available for our 
use near Bendorf; one constructed by our troops, and the other 
by the Fifty-second Division during its occupation of this area. 
All our previous activities in athletics, educational and voca- 
tional schools, entertainments and leaves, were continued; 
and every available means used to make our stay in Germany 
as profitable and enjoyable as conditions would permit. 

* See Station Lists, Page 137. 



152 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

On April 28th the Seventh and Eighth Infantry Brigades 
(Less Fifty-ninth Infantry) were assembled near Remagen for 
decoration ceremonies and review. Major General Hersey 
decorated the Regimental Colors with ribbons commemorative 
of our engagements during the war, and presented the Dis- 
tinguished Service Cross to Private Joe Smith, of "C" Company. 

On the 5th of May the regiment was reunited by the return 
of the Second Battalion, which had been on duty at Coblentz and 
Coblentz-Luetzel since December 8th, 1918. "E," "F" and "G" 
Companies took station at Lohndorf, and "H" Company at Ober 
Breisig. 

Great joy was manifested throughout the division when 
orders were received on May 12th relieving us from duty with 
the Third Army and being assigned for an early return home. 
Definite orders were later received for this regiment to com- 
mence its movement by rail to St. Nazaire on May 27th. Within 
a few days after receipt of orders, the many necessary prepar- 
ations were made; animals, transportation and equipment turned 
in; service records, passenger and baggage lists and many other 
reports and records completed; physical and field inspections 
held daily. Every one was in readiness for the move homewards, 
and while waiting for the happy day to come, daylight passes 
were granted liberally to visit for the last time Coblentz, Bonn, 
Cologne, and other places in the vicinity. 

But — 



153 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




154 




On Duty as Army Troops 

ON May 20th, one week before the date set for the com- 
mencement of our movement to St. Nazaire, orders were 
received reassigning the Fourth Division to the Army of 
Occupation. At the same time the four Infantry Regiments 
were detached from the Division and attached to the Third Army 
as Army Troops, relieving Pioneer Infantry Regiments which 
had been ordered to return to the United States. 

While the troops naturally felt disappointed at this new order 
of events, much to their credit and to the credit of the Thirty- 
ninth Infantry, they displayed a wonderful spirit of willingness 
and soldierly qualities which elicited unstinted praise from 
many sources. It is true that the men were very anxious to return 
to their homeland, especially when they had received orders to 
that effect but a few days previously. However, if they were re- 
quired for further duty in the American E. F. before they could 
be spared for return homewards, they were ready and more than 
willing to perform such duties as they were called upon. 

In accordance with orders from Third Army Headquarters, 
Regimental Headquarters and the special units remained at their 
stations, while the remainder of the Regiment moved during 
May 21st to May 25th to the following stations :* First Battalion 
at West Trier, Cues, Bitburg and Prum; Second Battalion at 
Neuenahr, Andernach, Oberwinter and Bodendorf ; Third Bat- 
talion at Kripp, Sinzig and Mayen. The Regiment was thus 
spread over an area of more than 200 kilometers. In some in- 
stances companies had some of their men in one station and the 
remainder in another town many kilometers apart. 

Our duties were numerous. Guard, military police work, 
convoying trains and barges, dismounting and crating field 
artillery pieces, and fatigue, constituted but a few of those per- 

* See Station Lists, Page 137. 

i5S 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



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THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

formed by our men. Upon the completion of the work assigned 
to us at any of our stations, we moved to other places, with the 
result that it was necessary to get out new station lists almost 
every other day. The Thirty-ninth Infantry was- stationed in 
many parts of Germany, Luxembourg; one officer and thirty men 
at Antwerp, Belgium; a similar detachment at Rotterdam, Hol- 
land; and two men at Kaldenkirchen, Germany, on the German- 
Holland frontier. The train convoys carried some of our men 
through many sections of France. In the middle of June, the 
Forty-seventh, Fifty-eight and Fifty-ninth Infantry Regiments 
were returned to the Division, but our Regiment still remained 
on duty as Army Troops. 

There was an excellent reason for this. Whenever the Thirty- 
ninth doughboys were on duty, they not only kept up but even 
strengthened the fine reputation of the Regiment; and were 
highly complimented, by the officers who supervised their work, 
for their excellent discipline, willingness and efficiency. Hence 
when there was still considerable work to be done, the Thirty- 
ninth Infantry was chosen to do it. 

On June 26th our Regiment experienced another disappoint- 
ment when orders were received for the Fourth Division, Less 
the Thirty-ninth Infantry, to prepare at once for transportation 
to Brest, there to embark for the United States. We were to re- 
main and continue our duties as Army Troops. Indications 
pointed to the fact that our Regiment was to be among the last 
units of the American E. F. to return home. Keen as this disap- 
pointment was, and coming as it did at a time when the other 
units of the Ivy Division were under orders to move homewards, 
it is very difficult to find appropriate words to express properly 
the grand spirit which our troops manifested at this time. Real- 
izing the honor of being chosen for the important work assigned 
to it, pride and joy replaced the feelings of disappointment. 
However, in order to release those men whose presence was 
urgently required at home, Colonel Bolles caused the transfer of 
285 men from this organization to the Forty-seventh Infantry. 
These men left the Regiment with mingled feelings of joy and 
sorrow; joy at the bright prospect of being home in the very near 
future, where they were needed for reasons beyond their control, 
and sorrow for finding it necessary to sever themselves from their 
beloved organization. As a matter of fact some of those chosen 
for transfer withdrew their applications, and decided to take 
their chances remaining with the Regiment, hoping that it, too, 
would be homeward bound in but a few weeks. 

157 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 

On that memorable day of June 28th, when Peace Treaty 
was finally signed, the units of the Fourth Division made the 
final preparations for their movement to Brest, and the Thirty- 
ninth was ready to give a hearty send-off to our fellow soldiers 
who were about to leave us. However, on the first of July this 
Regiment received orders to the effect that the Eighth Infantry 
had been ordered to relieve us, and upon completion of the re- 
lief we were to prepare for immediate return to the United 
States. It goes without saying that this news was joyfully re- 
ceived by all ranks, and while we were willing enough to remain 
here for some time if called upon to do so, we were more than 
willing to return home. 

The Fourth of July, 1919, was celebrated in an entirely dif- 
ferent manner than the Independence Day of 1918. The bat- 
talions staged athletic meets in the morning; and pie-eating con- 
tests, wrestling and boxing bouts, concerts and entertainments 
were held in the afternoon and evening. They had games and 
festivals of their own, while the special units got together and 
besides playing baseball and partaking in athletics, held spirited 
competitions of almost every nature conceivable. 

It was not until the latter part of July that the relief of our 
Regiment was completed by the Eighth Infantry. On July 22nd 
we entrained for Brest, and started the beginning of the end of 
our career with the American Expeditionary Forces. Several 
days were spent at Camp Pontanezan awaiting the arrival of our 
transport. While here Colonel Bolles received the French deco- 
ration, Officier de la Legion d'Honneur; and Capt. R. W. Nor- 
ton and others the Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur. On July 
31st we boarded the Leviathan and began the long looked for- 
ward to journey home. 



i S 8 



THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 



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THE THIRTY-NINTH INFANTRY IN THE WORLD WAR 




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