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Full text of "The history of Anderson County, Kansas, from its first settlement to the Fourth of July, 1876."

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An2 jo 

M. L. 




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833 01103 1215 



^ Anderson County, 

K A :n' S A s , 


OF JULY, 1876. 




KAUFFMAN & ILER, Garnett Plaindealhk, 


Eutered according to act of Congress, in the year 1877, l)y 

In the office of tlie Librarian of Congress, Washington. 1), C. 



On the 13th day of May, A. D. 1876, there was 
a meeting of citizens of Anderson county at the 
county hall in Garnett (commonly known as the 
"old settlers' meeting"), for the purpose of taking 
the necessary steps to prepare, compile and publish 
a full and complete history of the county from its 
earliest settlement to the 4th day of July, 1876. 

At this meeting a committee of sixteen per- 
sons, selected from different parts of the County, was 
appointed, and instructed to collect all matters and 
items of interest in their respective localities, and re- 
port at a future meeting. The following are the 
names of the gentlemen appointed : W. A. John- 
son, S. Kauffman, A. Simons, J. W. Vaughn, John 
Moler, B. M. Lingo, J. H. Wolken, Zar Bennett, 
A. G. West, T. J. Day, M. E. Osborn, Wm. Denny, 
C. E. Dewey, Preston Bowen, J. Y. Campbell, I. 
P. Sutton. 

This committee organized by thb election of Solo- 
mon Kauffman, chairman, and Charles E. Dewe}-, 
secretar}', and adjourned to meet on the following 
Saturday, May 20, to receive reports from the sev- 
eral members thereof. 

At the adjourned meeting of the committee, May 
20, an executive committee was appointed, con- 
sisting of W. A. Johnson, A. Simons, J. Y. Camp- 
bell, Dr. Preston Bowen, Charles E. Dewey and 
Solomon Kauffman, who were instructed by the 


original committee to receive the reports of members 
of the historical committee, and to collect from all 
available sources all facts and matters of interest 
necessary to form the basis of the history, to write 
up, compile and prepare the same for publication, 
delegating to the executive committee full authority 
to select from their number, or outside of the com- 
mittee, a suitable person or persons as historians to 
write up and prepare the same for publication, and 
to publish the history in book or pamphlet form. 

The committee organized by the election of W. 
A. Johnson, chairman, and Solomon Kauffman, 
secretary, and proceeded to appoint the necessary 
committees, and to apportion the work among them. 

At a subsequent meeting of the executive com- 
mittee (June 24), W. A. Johnson was selected as 
the historian, to compile and write up from the ma- 
terial furnished, and from the records and other 
sources, and complete the history, the committee to 
give every assistance in their power in the collec- 
tion of material for the same. 

The manuscript being prepared and ready fo4- 
publication, a meeting of the executive committee 
was called (January 27, 1877), to provide for its 
publication. There being no funds in the hands of 
the committee, the following proposition, presented 
by the firm of Kauffman & Her, was accepted : 

"That if the executive committee will turn over to Kautt- 
mau & Her a subscrii)tion list of 125 hooks, at $1.25 per 
copy, that they will publish 500 copies of the history, of the 
style heretofore agreed upon, cloth bindino', and of the 
manuscript prepared by W. A. Johnson, and supposed to 
make about 2.50 pa<>"es, and will sell the same at $1.25 per 
copy, witliout any further expense to the said committee.*" 

W. A. Johnson, Chairman. 
Solomon Kauffman, Secretar3^ 


Anderson county is located in the second tier of 
counties west from Missouri, tifty miles south of the 
Kansas river, and seventy miles north of the Indian 
Territorv. It is twenty-four miles square, contains 
live hundred and seventy-six square miles, and is 
well supplied with water by the follo\N'ing streams : 
North Pottowatomie, tiowinn- across the northern 
portion, with the following tributaries in the north 
and west : Sac creek, lanthe creek, Kenoma creek, 
Elm creek, Thomas creek and Cherry creek : Cedar 
creek and South Pottowatomie, rising in the cen- 
tral portion, flowing north into the North Pottowato- 
mie : Suirar creek with its numerous branches, in the 
eastern portion, flowing east into Linn county; the 
Little Osage river, with its numerous tributaries, in 
the southeast, flowing southeast through Bourbon 
countv : Deer and Indian creeks, flowing south 
through Allen county. These are all streams of 
pure, living water, abounding with fine tish. Along 
most of these streams abundance of good timber is 
found, consistino- of black walnut, burr oak, red oak, 
hickory, elm, hackberrv, svcamore, hard and soft 
maple, basswood, Cottonwood, wild cherry, locust 


and mulberry. The alluvium or bottom prairies are 
found along all of these streams, being as tine quality 
of land as can be found in the State, the soil be- 
ing from two to live feet deep. The general sur- 
face of the country is a gentle, rolling prairie, with a 
few steep hills or bluffs, interspersed with many 
beautiful mounds and high ridges. The soil is of 
fine quality, and is admirably adapted to the grow- 
ing of the cereals, fruit, hemp, flax, tobacco, pota- 
toes, castor beans, broom corn and every variety of 
products commonly grown in this latitude. 

A superior quality of sand stone, for building pur- 
poses, is found in the western and central parts of 
the county. Limestone is found in most portions. 
A fair quality of stone coal is found in the north- 
western and southeastern portions. 

Bottom land, lo per cent. : upland, 90 per cent. ; 
timber, 6 per cent. ; prairie, 94 per cent. ; average 
width of bottom, about two miles. 

A more specific description of the different por- 
tions of the county will be found in the chapters re- 
lating to the different townships. 


CHAPTp:k I. 


History of the First Settleiiiont by the Pottowatoiuie 
Imliaus in 1837 — Their Removal in 1854— First Settle- 
ment by Whites in 18o4, 17 



Organization of the Territory — The several Eleotious 
in 185.5-6 — Organization of Anderson County. - ^i 



Appointment of County Officers — Loeatino- First 
County Road — Locating- Permanent County Seat — 
First Term of District Court — Organization of Potto- 
watomie Rifle Company — They Break up Gate's Court 
at Shermanville, 29 



Xoted Settlers of 185.5— Election of Delegates to To- 
peka Constitutional Convention — Election on Adop- 
tion of Constitution — Election of State Officers under 
Topeka Constitution — Noted Settlers of 1856— Terri- 
tory Overrun with Border Ruffians— The Probate 
Judge, County Commissioners and Sheriff Flee the 
Country — John Brown Avitli his Company Marching- 
to the Rescue of Lawrence— United States Troops 
Sent to Pottowatomie, ------ 35 





Orjifauization of I'ottt>\vat()iiiie (riiards — Colebnition of 
Fourth of July, IH06 — Strtig<>le between Free State 
Men and Border Ruffians— Battle of :Middle Creek- 
How a Ivuffian Lost his Nose — lin'id on Pottowatoniie 
— Battle of Osawatoniie — (ireat Suftei-in«< ainon": 
Settlers. _._----- 4.) 



Arrival of C. E. Dewey and Party from Ohio— First 
Settlement on South Pottowatoniie — Death of Bear — 
Survey of (lovernment Land — Location of Kansas 
City, or lanthe,Townsite — Selection of Garnett Town- 
site — Arrival of Louisville Colony, with Machinery 
for Steam Mill — Prominent Settlers of (iarnett in 
1858-9. - ' - - - - ' - - - - 56 



Mass Meetiuy at Hyatt — First Meetinii' in (iarnett — 
County Officers Appointed — Election of Delegates 
to Lecompton Constitutional Convention — Free State 
Convention at Sac and Fox Agency — Celebration of 
the Fourth of July at (xreeley — Dividing the ('ounty 
intoMunicii)al Townships — Free State Conventionsat 
Simons" and at Hyatt — First Election for County 
Officers — \^)te of the I'recincts, except Shannon, 
thrown out by Prol)ate Judge — Letter Giving 
Reasons for Same — Free State Convention at (Grass- 
hopper Falls — Sickness in the Fall of 1857. - - 67 




(^inimissioners to Attend Voting- Precincts— Election 
under Leconipton Constitution— Resignation of 
(bounty Otficers— Appointment of Agent to Contest 
Claim— Election of Delegates to LeavenAvortli Con- 
stitutional Convention— Election of County Otficers 
—Election on Leavenworth Constitution— Jurisdic- 
tion of Probate Courts— Troubles in West Part of 
the County— Contract to Erect Public Buildins's- 
Vote on Leconipton Constitution, _ . . ^8 



Convention at (3ttumwa— Election of Members of Ter- 
ritorial Legislature— J]stablishing Mail Routes in 
Southern Kansas— Free State Men Called on to De- 
fend Settlers in the Border Counties — Posse fronj 
Coftey County Arrests Settlers of Anderson County — 
Burning- of Painter's and P'ox's Cabin by a Mob— 
Marais des Cygne Massacre — John Brown's Parallels 
— Liberation of Slaves — Squatters' Court Organized 
in Anderson, Linn and other (bounties- P'irst Meet- 
ing- of the Republicans of Anderson County, - 97 



Attempt to Poison Banta — Trial of Theodore Royer for 
Horse Stealing- — His Suspicious Disappearance — Mar- 
riage of Leon Phillips and Sarah Potter — His Death — 
Her Arrest for Murder — Examination, Escape, Re- 
turn, Re-arrest and Trial — Murder of James Lo wry — 
Trial of his Murderers — Conviction of Ford — His Par- 
don by the Governor — Trial and Acquittal of Tuste- 
son and Knouft" — Murder of Mrs. Adaline Duren — 
Capture and Execution of the Murderer, - - 112 





First Tax Levy — Valuation on First Assessment — Ap- 
pointment of County Superintendent of Public In- 
struction — Location of Territorial Roads — Election of 
Delegates to the Wyandotte Constitutional Conven- 
tion — Adoption of the Constitution — Organization of 
Political Parties— Election of State and County Offi- 
cers—Drouth of 1860, &c., 123 



Severity of the Winters of 1865-6 and 1866-7, and Mild- 
ness of those of 1857-8 and 1858-9 — Prairie Fires— Sac 
and Fox Indians, - - 136 



Bright Prospects of 1858-9 — Organization of Railroad 
Companies — Gloomy Forebodings of 1860 — Relief 
Committees — Organization of Volunteer Companies 
— Hardships Endured by the Women of the County — 
Organization of New Party, Called " Farmers' and 
Mechanics' Union Association" — Election in 1861, 139 



Successive State Senators — Members of the House of 
Representatives — Judges of the District Court — 
County Officers, 149 




Shooting of Tipsword — DroAv^ning of Lester Dart — 
Christian Feuerborn Killed by Indians — Josiah Kel- 
lerman, his A\^ife and two Children Burned to Death 
in a Prairie Fire — James A. Town and Son Drowned 
in Pottowatomie Creek — Levi L. Hayden frozen to 
Death, &c., 162 



Various Bond Propositions to Aid Railroad Compan- 
ies to Build Railroads — The Orders for Submission 
and the Result of the Elections thereon, - - 160 



Contest over Townsite — Removal of J. Y. Campbell, 
Probate Judge — Appointment of Charles Hidden — 
Pre-emption of Townsite — Public Buildings — Busi- 
ness Houses — Business Men — Successive City Officers 
and Postmasters, - - 169 




The Garnett Plaindealer, the First Paper in the County 
— Garnett Courant, Established in 1868— Garnett 
Journal, Established in 1873— Organization of Ander- 
son County Fair Association— Organization of the 
Paola & Fall River Railway Company— Charitable 
Societies — Postofflces and Postmasters, - - 188 




Spanish Fevor among" Cattle — Locusts, or Grasshop- 
pers — Synopsis of the Seasons, - - - - 194 



Religious Zeal of the Early Settlers — Churches— Educa- 
tional Interests — Formation of School Districts — 
Building School Houses — Value of School Buildings, 
&c., ' - - 201 



Names of Prominent Men, and Incidents, - - 205 



Murder of Allen G. Poteet — Escape of his Murderer — 
Murder of James Jackson by D. R. Pattee — Murder 
of James Day by David Stewart — Murder of A\^illiam 
Hamilton by John AV". Chamberlain — Trial of Dr. 
Medlicott for the Murder of I. M. Ruth, - - 222 



Names of Soldiers who Served in the Army for the Sup- 
pression of the Rebellion — Names of the Heroic 
Dead who Sacriticed their Lives in the cause of their 
Country, 229 



Trials of Felonies, less than Murder, - . - 239 




Organization — Settlement— Prominent Men — Electiou.s 
— Successive Otticers. -..-._ 245 



Organization — Settlement — Towns — Elections — Suc- 
cessive Otiicers, -.--_.. 2oo 



IJoiiiularies — Organization — Streams — Soil — Timber- 
Prominent Settlers from 18o5 to 1860 — First School — 
First Marriage — First Deaths— Successive Otficers, 259 



Early Settlements — Boundaries — Organization^OtH- 
cers, etc., - __-.--- 263 



Organization — Streams — Timber — Settlement — Succes- 
sive Officers, - - . . - - - 27-4 



Organization — Prominent Settlers — First School Dis- 
trict—First Church Building— Mount Carmel College 
— Successive Officers. ------ 279 




Houuclaries — Org'anization — Prominent Settlers — Elba 
Town Company — Successive Officers, - - 281 



Urg-anization — Streams — First Election — Town of Col- 
ony — Ohio and Indiana Colony — ^Snccessive Officers, 283 



Boundaries — Soil — Streams — Timber — Coal — Early Set- 
tlers— First Election — Successive Officers, - - 286 



Organization — First Settlement — Soil — Streams — Suc- 
cessive Officers, - 288 


On the 24th of June, 1876, I was selected bv the histori- 
cal committee to write out and prepare for publication a 
history of the county from its tirst settlement to the pres- 
ent time. 1 accepted the appointment, and at once en- 
tered upon the work of collecting the incidents connected 
with the settlement of the territory now embraced within 
the limits of Anderson county. The settlement of this 
portion of the Territory followed so closely on the pass- 
age by Congress of the Kansas-Nebraska bill, with the re- 
peal of the Missouri compromise, that many incidents of 
the early struggles of this section have undergone Con- 
gressional investigations, and have consequently already 
passed into our national history. 

In order to give a full and complete history of the tirst 
settlement of the county, I commenced with the settle- 
ment of the Pottowatomie Indians, in 1837, and their nu- 
merous settlements along the Pottowatomies since, with 
their removal, and the first white settlements, in 1854, and 
have carefully written up the many thrilling adventures 
and hardships encountered by the bold and hardy pioneers 
who left their homes in civilized communities and took up 
their line of march in covered wagons, across the path- 
less prairies and through the wild jungles that lay in their 
course, until their arrival at their new and romantic set- 
tlements, where they intended to make their future homes, 
and to help open up the wild prairies and beautiful valleys 
and establish freedom, and make it a civilized community 
and a desirable country for future generations. The bitter 
controversy between contending parties in the tirst settle- 
ment of the Territory — one intent upon establishing a 
government for the new State recognizing and sustaining 
the institution of slavery ; the other contending for a gov- 
ernment recognizing the freedom of all mankind, as free 
and equal under the law — has been touched upon. I have 
also given the first settlements in the different portions of 
the county ; the selection of townsites, their settlement 


iiiid i)i'()»i,ress, or docline. as the lacts required : the locit- 
tion and settlement of ditterent colonies, with a l)rief 
sketch of the more noted settlers prior to 1860; the many 
elections in Territorial days: mass meetings, i)olitical con- 
ventions, railroad meetings, oi-ganization of railread com- 
panies, locating- roads and postotRces. location of county 
seats, tirst term of court, and the manner in which busi- 
ness was conducted in the courts for sevei'al years ; dividing' 
the county into municiijal townships and school districts, 
the building: of school houses, church organizations and 
building" church editices, giving names of the successive 
state senators, representatives, judges of the district court 
and county otficers, from the organization of the county 
to the present time, with dates of election or appointment, 
and the time served by each; a brief stateuu-nt of the 
organization of each township, its setthunents and suc- 
(•essive township otticers ; also, a synopsis of seasons, 
crops, visitation of locusts or grasshoppers, Spanish fever 
aniong cattle, and the full particulars of all the murders 
and murder trials in the county. 1 have carefully i)re- 
pared a list of the names of the brave men wiio served in 
the army for the suppression of the rebellion, giving the 
company and regiment in which each served ; also the 
nauH's of the iieroic dead who sacriticed their lives in the 
service of their country. 

I have endeavored to furnish a true and impartial his- 
tory of the county from its tirst settlement to the present, 
and in as brief a uumner as possible to do justice to all. In 
the preparation of this history, I (tollected the facts from 
the imperfect and partial records of the county, and de- 
tached papers in the county otUces. from tiles of old new's- 
papers, old letters, and fn)ui the recollection of numy of 
the early settlers, as well as my own recollection. 

The design of this history is to preserve for the i)eople 
of Anderson county an imperishable record of its ( arly 
history, now existing only in the memory of its earliest 
settlers and in scattereil and detached papers and records, 
which are now fast wasting away. 

I have tried to avoid partiality or favor to any particular 
person or place. VVhat I have written has been with a de- 
sire to present the facts, and I now present these matters 
to the public for their candid perusal and unbiased judg- 
ment, hoping that it will meet the api)roval of my fellow 
citizens who have helped contribute to the transactions 
that uo to make up this histcu-v. W. A. JOIINSOX. 




History of the Fif-st Settlement hy the Pottowat- 
o»iie Indians y in iSjy — Thei?- Removal, in 18^4. — 
Fi?-st Settlenient by Whites, in iSj^. 

In 1837 the United States removed the Pottowat- 
omie Indians of Indiana to a tract of country on the 
Osage river, sufficient in extent and in every way 
adapted to their habits and necessities. When thev 
arrived on the Osage, or Marais des Cygne, river 
a reservation of ten miles square had been set off 
near Osawatomie, as a missionary reserve for the 
various Indian tribes settled on the Osage river. The 
earlv maps of Kansas Territory show the location of 
this reservation. The Pottowatomie Indians had 
their principal village at what is now known as Dutch 
Henry crossing of the Pottowatomie, a stream that 
waters the entire northern portion of Anderson 


county, which received its name from the Pottowat- 
omie tribe, on their first arrival in the Territory. 

Soon after they were located here they began to 
extend their settlement south and west, along the 
several tributaries of the Pottowatomie. In 1S3S 
they made some improvements on the present town- 
site of Greeley ; and in the neighborhood above they 
built some bark shanties, put some small pieces of 
land in cultivation, and planted some peach trees. 
This was the first settlement of any kind in the ter- 
ritorial limits of what now constitutes Anderson 

The Pottovvatomies remained in this locality until 
the spring of 1854, when they were removed to that 
portion of country known as Pottowatomie county, 
where they owned a large tract of land. These In- 
dians had numerous missionaries of the Baptist and 
Methodist denominations stationed among them. 

When the first whites settled in Anderson county, 
in the spring of 1854, ^^*^y found some of the Indian 
cabins, and old fields that they had cultivated. Some 
of their peach trees remained on the creek for sev- 
eral years afterward. 

In the early part of May, 1854, ^'""^ ^^'^^ white 
settlements were commenced on the Pottowatomie, 
in the neighborhood where the town of Greeley is 
now situated. Valentine Gerth and Francis Myer 
were the first white settlers in the territory now in- 
cluded in Anderson county. They came from Mis- 
souri, and settled on the present townsite of Greeley, 


early in May, and planted a crop of corn, on an old 
Indian field, and raised a fair crop therefrom. They 
were young men, without families. Henry Harmon 
came with his family, and setded near the junction 
of the Pottowatomies, north of the present town of 
Greeley. He came a few days later than Gerth and 
Myer. Oliver P. Ran setded in the Sutton valley 
the same spring. During the summer and fall fol- 
lowing a few more settlers came and made settle- 
ment in the same neighborhood, among whom were 
Henderson Rice, J. S. Waitman,W. D. West, Thos. 
Totton, i\nderson Cassel and Dr. Rufus Gilpatrick. 

In the winter of 1854 ^"<^ ^^55 ^ number of Ger- 
mans from St. Louis, Mo., came to the Territory 
and located on the South Pottowatomie, above Gree- 
ley — took claims, and built several cabins of poles. 
These cabins extended as far up the stream as the 
timber was desirable — they selected the most desir- 
able timber claims on the creek. They returned to 
St. Louis early in the spring of 1855, but, on account 
of the troubles in the Territory, they never came 
back ; and the settlers who came in the spring and 
summer of 1855 moved into their cabins and occu- 
pied their claims. 

In the spring of 1854, after the Indians had re- 
moved from the Pottowatomie, the territorv now 
embraced within the limits of Anderson county was 
entirely uninhabited ; not a human being resided 
within an}^ portion of its territory ; it was one vast 
unoccupied space. Not a single road entered its 


territorial domain to guide the loneh' emigrant in 
search of a home, or to direct his weary footsteps 
over the prairies, or to disclose to him the places to 
cross the streams. The Indians, their missionaries, 
their traders, and the general loafers around Indian 
camps, had all gone. Everything about their for- 
mer abode was dismal, and a gloomy solitude per- 
vaded the former homes of the noble red men of the 

The prairie had put on its green vesture, the trees 
were just putting forth their foliage, the beautiful 
landscapes were clothed in their habiliments of 
green, the breezes were freighted with the fragrance 
of the numerous wild flowers — all combined to make 
it a most desirable location ; and when the emigrant 
in search of a new home came in sight of these beau- 
tiful scenes, he exclaimed, I have found the place 
where I will make my future home ; here will I set- 
tle, erect my dwelling house, make a farm, call my 
family around me — will help build up a prosperous 
country. We find everything in nature here to make 
being happy and life desirable. 

J. G. Whittier, in his poem entitled "The Kansas 
Emigrants," has most beautifully described the feel- 
ings and sentiments of the early emigrants : 


\V(^ cross tlie pniiric us ol" old 

Tlic j)ilo-i-iins crossed tlic sea. 
To make tlio West, as tlicy.tlu' Kast. 

Tho lioiiiestoad of tli(> free! 


"We <i"o Id rear a wall of men 

On I'^rccdoiii's soiitlicrii line. 
And i)lant beside tlie rottoii In-c 

'llie nijiired XoiMlieiii pine I 

^Ve"^e l]<t\\ inji' rroin our nali\(' liills 

As our free rivers (io\\ ; 
"I'lie l)lessin<r of our iiiolli<'i--Ianil 

Is on us as we ^^o. 

\\'(> ^"o {<> i)lanl lior eonuuon si-liools 

On distant i)rairie swells. 
And ji^ive tlie Sahliatlis ol" tlie wild 

Tiie music of licr hells. 

l'pi)earinii\ like tlie Ark of old. 

'I'lie I>il)le in oui" van. 
We <ro to test the truth of (iod 

Aj<"ainst the fraud of man. 

>»o i)ause. nor rest, save where the streams 

'I'hat U'i'd the Kansas run. 
Save whero oui" Pilj^i'im "Oiifalon 

Shall th»ut the settinji' ■■<"ii I 

\V'e"ll tread tlw prairie as of old 

Our fathers sailed the sea, 
And make the West, as they the Kast, 

'I'lie homestead of the frc^e I 


Organization of the Territory — The Several 
Elections in iSjj-6 — Organization of Anderson 
County^ 'January 7, iS^6. 

The bill omanizina" the Territories oi Nebraska 
and Kansas passed Congress May 24, 1854, "^^^ ^'^'^'^ 
signed by Franklin Pierce, President, on the 30th of 
the same month. 

On the 29th day of June President Pierce com- 
missioned Andrew H. Reeder as Governor, and 
Daniel Woodson as Secretary of the Territory- of 
Kansas. Reeder qualified as Governor on the yth 
of July, b}' taking the oath of office before Peter V. 
Daniels, one of the Justices of the* United States 
Supreme Court, in Washington, D. C. 

On the 7th of October Gov. Reeder arrived in 
Kansas, and established the executive office at Fort 

On November 8 the Territory was divided into 
sixteen election districts by the Governor. The ter- 
ritory which is now included in Anderson county 
was in the Fifth district, which had four voting pre- 
cincts, as follows : Bull Creek, Pottowatomie Creek, 
Big Sugar Creek and Little Sugar Creek. The 
Pottowatomie precinct was located at the house of 


Henry Sherman, near what is known as Dutch 
Henry crossing of the Pottowatomie, in Frankhn 

The tirst election ever held in the Territory was 
on the 29th of November, 1854. This was an elec- 
tion for a delegate to Congress. At this election 
there were 63 Pro-Slavery and 4 Free State votes 
cast at the Pottowatomie precinct. The following 
persons of Anderson county voted at this election : 
Henderson Rice, J. S. Waitman, W. D. West and 
Thomas Totton. 

On the 22d da}' of January, 1855, Gov. Reeder 
issued precepts to certain persons to take a census 
of the Territory. The census of this district was 
taken by C. W. Babcock. The following were the 
names returned from Anderson count}' : Francis 
Myer, Valentine Gerth and John C. Clark. 

On the 28th of February Gov. Reeder issued a 
proclamation calling an election for members of a 
Territorial I^egislature to be held March 30, 1855. 
The following persons were elected from the Fifth 
district : A. M. Coffev and David Lykins, as coun- 
cilmen, and Allen Wilkerson and H. W. Yonger as 
members of the House of Representatives. The 
following persons voted, at this election, from An- 
derson county : A. Cassel, V. Gerth and Henry 
Harmon. This election was held at the house of 
Henry Sherman. There were at this time about 50 
legal votes in the precinct, and the poll-book re- 
turned to the Governor showed 199 Pro-Slavery 


votes from the precinct. Most of the legal voters 
did not attend the polls, considering the election a 
farce. A majority of those who did vote were resi- 
dent voters of Missouri, who returned homeward on 
the ne.\'t day. Thev came on horseback, in wagons 
and carriages, well supplied with w^hisky, bowie- 
knives, shot-guns and revolvers. The motley crowd 
was composed of perhaps the most heterogeneous 
mass of living humanity that could be collected in 
any country. Some came for political purposes — to 
make Kansas a slave State : some, to drive out the 
"cursed Yankees,'* whom they regarded as negro 
thieves ; some, for the love of adventure : and some 
with the intention of taking a claim ; but far the 
greater number came with the promise of all the 
land they needed, and plenty of whisky and bacon 
on the journey. 

This election for councilmen and representatives 
was carried overwhelmingly by the Pro-Sla^'ery 
partv, and placed the political power of the Terri- 
tory in the hands of our Missouri neighbors. 

The Legislature thus elected convened at Pawnee 
City, on the Kansas river, about one hundred mileis 
west from the Missouri border. It was immediately 
adjourned, over the Governor's veto, to the Shawnee 
Manuel Labor School Mission, three miles west of 
Westport, Mo., and there passed the tirst code of 
laws for the Territory, commonly known as the 
" bogus laws." 

On the ist day of October, 1855, an election was 



held for the election of a delegate to Congress. There 
were only nine votes polled at the Pottowatomie pre- 
cinct. At this election Andrew H. Reeder and J. 
H. Whitfield were the candidates. Whitfield re- 
ceived the entire vote at Pottowatomie precinct. The 
Free State men did not participate in this election. 
The only person voting from i\nderson countv at 
this election was Geo. Wilson. Samuel Mack was 
one of the judges of the election, but refused to vote, 
deeming the election a farce, and an outrage on the 
Free State men of the Territory, as all the elections 
had been carried by fraud of the most outrageous 

The Territorial Legislature of 1855 defined the 
boundaries of the countv. Up to that time there had 
been no countv lines established, and elections had 
been held by districts established by the Governor. 

The boundary of Anderson county was established 
as follows : Beginning at the southeast corner of 
Franklin countv, at the northeast corner of section 
22, township 19, range 21 ; thence south 24 miles, 
to the southeast corner of section 15, township 23, 
range 21 ; thence west 24 miles, to the southwest 
corner of section 14, township 23, range 17 ; thence 
north 24 miles, to the northwest corner of section 23, 
township 19, range 17 : thence east 24 miles, to the 
place of beginning ; containing an area of 576 square 
miles. The territory so bounded and designated was 
then named Anderson county, in respect of one Jos. 
, C. Anderson, speaker pro tem. of the House of the 


"bogus" Legislature, aii(,l member from the Sixth, 
or Fort Scott, district. Anderson was a young law- 
yer, lived in Lexington, Mo., and was a handy tool 
tor the Pr()-Slaver\- party, and always ready to do 
their dirty work. 

The Territorial Lemslature having defined the 
boundaries of the several counties, it then provided 
the manner for the organization of counties, and for 
the election of county officers. 

At this session of the Legislature it elected Geo. 
Wilson, in joint session, as probate judge of Ander- 
son county. Wilson was then a citizen of St. Louis, 
Mo., and a pliant tool of the slave power. On the 
27th day of August, 1855,' Daniel Woodson, Secre- 
tary, and acting Governor of Kansas Territory, com- 
missioned George Wilson probate judge of Anderson 
county, for a term of two years. On the ist day of 
September, 1855, Geo. Wilson took and subscribed 
the followino" oath of office : 
"United States of Ami'i-ica. 'I'crrilory of Kuiisas, 8fl. 

"1. (ioorjic Wilson, do solonnily swear, upon the Holy 
E\;uiii('Iists of Aluiijiiity (iod. that I will support the con- 
stitution of the United States, and that I will sui)port and 
sustain the i)rovisi()ns of an act cut it led ' An act to orj^an- 
i/.c the 'rcrrilorics oj" Xehraska and Kansas,' and the pi-o- 
visions of tlu' law of the United States, coninionly known 
as the fujiitive slave law, and faithfully and impartially, to 
the hest of my ahility. demean myself in the discharjic of 
iii\ duties in tlie othce of pi'ohaie jud<J"e. so hel[) nu' (iod. 

'•(iEOlUiE WiLSOX. 

''Sworn and siil)sci-ilied before me. this 1st thxy of Sep- 
tember, 185.'). Daxikl Woodsox. 

"Actiny (iovernoi-." 


Wilson was the first officer commissioned for the 
county. A few days after he received his commis- 
sion and quahfied he started for the county, and ar- 
rived at Henry Sherman's house, in FrankHn county, 
on the loth of September, where he remained until 
the 15th, when he set out for the house of Francis 
Myer, near w^here the town of Greeley is now situ- 
ated. Wilson had designated Francis Myer' s house 
as the temporary county seat of Anderson county. 
He had notified William R. True and John C. Clark", 
who had been appointed county commissioners, and 
A. V. Cummings, who had been appointed as sheriff, 
to meet with him at Francis Myer's on the 15th of 
September, for the purpose of organizing the county ; 
but both Tnie and Clark, and also Cummings, re- 
fused to accept the appointment, and Wilson had to 
defer his attempt to organize the county. He made 
several attempts to have the persons so appointed 
qualify, but they refused. Cummings was a resi- 
dent of Bourbon county, and never had been a citi- 
zen of Anderson. After Wilson had failed to a'Ct 
the commissioners, or either of them, to qualify, on 
the 30th day of October he made a personal appeal 
to Wilson Shannon, who had, in the meantime, been 
appointed Governor, for assistance to organize the 
county ; and Shannon thereupon commissioned 
Francis Myer and F. P. Brown as count}' commis- 
sioners, and Henderson Rice as sheriff. 

On the 2d day of January, 1856, Francis M^-er 
took and subscribed the following oath of office : 


''I'nitcd States of AiiKM-ica, Territory of Kansas, set. 

"I. Francis Myer, do solemnly swear. ti])on the Holy 
Kvanii'elists of Alniiulity (Jod. thai 1 will support tlie eon- 
slitiition of the I'nited States, and that ! will support and 
sustain the provisions of an aet entitled ' An act to oryan- 
i/e the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas,' and the ])i'o- 
visious of the law of the I'nited States, eoininonly known 
as the fuji-itive slaves law, and faithfully and impartially, 
and to the best of ui;, ability, demean myself in the dis- 
cliarii'e of n)y duties in the otliee of commissioner of the 
county of An(h'rson. Francis Mikr. 

"Subscribed and sworn to before me, this 2d day of Jan- 
uary. l«.5(j, GeORGK WiIjSON, 

'Mud^-e of Pi'obate." 
Januar}- 7, 1856, George Wilson, probate judge, 
and Francis Myer, met in session at Francis Myer's 
house, the temporary county seat, George Wilson as 
president of the board of commissioners, and Fran- 
cis Myer as member, for the purpose of organizing 
the probate and coiumissioners' court, which they 
did in a very irregular manner, F. P. Brown, the 
other person who had been commissioned as com- 
missioner, and Henderson Rice, who had been com- 
missioned as sheriff, were neither present, and 
neither of them accepted the commission so tendered 
them. The organization of Anderson count}' dates 
from the 7th day of January, 1856. The business 
of the probate and commissioners' court was con- 
ducted for some years thereafter in a very loose and 
careless manner. 


A^-pointnicnt of County Officers — Locating First 
Count Y Road — Locating Permanent County Seat 
— First Term of District Court — Organizing 
Pottozuatomie Rifle Company — They break up 
Cato's Courts at Shcrmanville. 

On the 12th day of January, 1856, the second ses- 
sion of the probate and commissioners' court was 
lield at Francis Mj^er's. Present, Goerge Wilson, 
probate judge, and Francis Myer, member. A peti- 
tion was presented, asking the appointment of David 
McCammon as sheriff of Anderson county, where- 
upon they appointed David McCammon as sheriff. 

Januar}' 18 David McCammon quaHlied as sheriff 
by giving bond and taking the oath prescribed b}' 
the law of 1855, and was the first sheriff of the 

January 18 the probate and commissioners' court 
held its third session, at the house of Francis Myer. 
Present, George Wilson, president, and Francis 
Myer, member. At this meeting J. S. Waitman was 
appointed to the office of commissioner. Waitman 
qualified and entered upon the duties of his office on 
the same day. This was the first time a full board 
of commissioners had existed in the county. The 



board, as then constituted, consisted of the probate 
judge as president, and two county commissioners 
as members, and was designated in law^ as the " board 
of commissioners," but styled in the record of their 
proceedings the "probate and commissioners' 

January i8, 1856, C. IL Price was appointed jus- 
tice of the peace for the county, and was commis- 
sioned by George Wilson, probate judge. Price 
qualified on the 15th day of March, by subscribing 
the oath prescribed by the law of 1855, '^"<^ ^''^^ the 
first "justice of the peace in the county. 

On the i8th day of Januar}- the commissioners 
appointed C. H. Price treasurer, and on the same 
day he was commissioned as treasurer of the county 
by/George Wilson, probate judge. Price qualified 
as treasurer by giving bond and subscribing the oath 
required by the law of 1855, and w'as also the first 
treasurer of Anderson county. 

February 4 the probate and commissioners' 
court held its session at the house of David McCam- 
mon. I^resent, Francis M^^er and John S. Wait- | 
man, commissioners, and David McCammon, sheriff ; 
George Wilson, probate judge, absent. At this 
meeting Thomas Totton was appointed clerk of the 
probate and commissioners' court. 

A petition, signed by Richard Golding and others, 
praying for the location of a road from Shermanville, 
in Franklin county, to Cofachique, in Allen county, 
was presented, which the commissioners took under 


consideration and adjourned to the 9th of March, 
when fliey again met at Francis Myer's. Present, 
George Wilson, probate judge, Francis Myer and J. 
S. Waitman, *members. The petition of Richard 
Golding, for the location of a road from Sherman- 
ville, to pass through the county seat of Anderson 
county ; from thence to Hampden and Cofachique, 
the county seat of Allen county, was considered, 
and David McCammon, James Townsley and Sam- 
uel Mack were appointed commissioners thereon, to 
locate the road as prayed for, to be 70 feet wide. 
This was the tirst road located in the county. 

February 11, George Wilson, probate judge, is- 
sued a notice to Zack Schutte, commandino- him to 
desist from copimitting trespass on school lands — 
section 36, township 19, range 20. The notice was 
addressed to David McCammon, as sheriff, and was 
served on Schutte the same day. February 11, 
George Wilson, as judge of probate, issued a notice 
of the same kind to John Waitman, for the same 

February 18, 1856, a petition was presented to the 
commissioners, praying for the permanent location 
of the county seat of Anderson county, signed bv 
the following persons : A. McConnell, John H. 
Wolken, John H. Rockers, James McGue, T. Bran 
Le Van, L. Phillips, Chris. Whitkop, David McCam- 
mon, Thos. Totton, Darius Frankenberger, William 
Rogers, Patrick Tyler, I. B.- Tenbrook, Ephraim 
Reynolds, Dr. Charles Muchelberry and Fred. Toch- 


terman. On consideration whereof the commission- 
ers appointed David McCammon, James Townsley 
and Thomas Totton commissioners to locate the 
county seat of Anderson county, with positive in- 
structions that the same should be located within 
three miles of the geographical center of the county. 
Febi-uary 28, 1856, the commissioners appointed 
to locate the county seat made the following report : 

"Wr Iiavc viewed. Iiiid oul and located, and do rei)ort 
lor public ii'ood to tlie county of Anderson at lar<ie, and 
luive examined as to water, rock, timber, and also a duo 
n^gard to the situation, the extent of population, and qual- 
ity of the land, and the convenience of the inhabitants, 
and as little as may be to the prejudice of any i)erson or 
persons, we have located it as follows: Northeast quarter 
of section ol, township 20, range 20, and soutlieast (juarter 
of section .'^1. townsliip 20, rang'e 20,'' 

March i the report of the commissioners to locate 
county seat was accepted by the court, and the 
county seat was then located at the point selected ; 
and this point was called Shannon, where all the 
county business was transacted from that tiine until 
the 5th day of April, 1859. 

March i, 1856, the board of commissioners al- 
lowed the first accounts against the county, as fol- 
lows : Francis Myer, $18.00 ; John Waitman, $15.00 ; 
George Wilson, $102.95 ; D. McCammon, $18.00; 
in full of all demands up to February 18, 1856, for 
services as board of commissioners and sheriff of 
the county. 

March 6 William Rogers was commissioned justice 



of the peace by the Governor. Rogers quahfied as 
justice March 17. by subscribing to the oath pre- 
scribed by the law of 1855. 

March 6, John Rogers was commissioned bv the 
Governor as constable, and he qualilied as consta- 
ble on the 17th of the same month. 

Thomas Totton was, on the 29th of February, 
commissioned as clerk of the county, by the Gov- 

April 19, 1856, Anderson Cassel was commissioned 
by the Governor as coroner of Anderson county, 
and qualified by taking the oath of office May 19, 
1856. He was the first coroner of the county. 

The Territorial Legislature in 1855, in the act de- 
fining the boundaries of counties, attached the 
county of Coffey to Anderson county for civil and 
military purposes. 

On the 28th day of January, 1857, the following 

order appears on the record of Anderson county : 

"It is ordered by the county coinmissioners that tlie fol- 
lowing- appointments, made by his excellency. John W. 
(xeary. is approved by the court of Anderson county, for 
the organization of Coti'ey county: John "NVoolmau. as 
probate judge ; Richard Burr and ^Sanuiel J^osbue, as county 
commissioners; Turner Losbue, as constable; and John 
B. Scott, as justice of the peace." 

The above persons were commissioned on the 
8th day of January, 1857. 

On the fourth Monday in Api-il, 1856, the first 
term of the district court was held in the county, by 
Sterhng G. Cato, one of the United States district 



judges. The court convened at the house of Francis 
Myer, on tlie claim then owned by him, near the 
present site oi Greeley, but more particularly de- 
scribed as the southeast quarter of section 19, town- 
ship 19, range 21 . The following persons were on the 
grand jury: C. E. Dewey, J. S. Waitman, H. 
Britten, J. Vanderman, C H. Price, Patrick Tyler, 
Wm. Rogers, Joshua Griffith, D. Frankenberger, 
I. B. Tenbrook, Samuel Mack and A. Wilkerson. J. 
S. Waitman was foreman. 

There is no record of the proceedings of this court 
to be found. It was in session for an entire week, 
and the bills of indictment that were found were 
carried away by the court. Cato brought his own 
clerk and prosecuting attorne}' with him. No ci^'il 
business was transacted at the term of the court, 
and no arrest was ever made on any of the indict- 
ments found. 

The Pottowatomie rifle company was organized in 
the fall of 1855. This company had its drill ground 
on the Pottowatomie, between Dutch Henry crossing 
and the present site of Greeley. John Brown, jr., 
w^as elected captain of the company. Its members 
were Anderson and Franklin county men. Jacob 
Benjamin, James Townsley, Allen Jaqua, Frank 
Ayres, D. G. Watt, Samuel Mack, A. Bondi, H. 
H. WilHams, W. Ayres, Milton Kilbourne, Dr. Gil- 
patrick and others were members from Anderson 

The presence of this company broke up Cato's 


court at Shermanville, in the spring of 1856, a few 
da^'S after his court had adjourned in Anderson 
county. Cato left in such haste that he did not take 
time to adjourn his court, or notify the jury that was 
out at the time, of his intention to close his court; 
and this was the last court that Cato attempted to 
hold in this part of the Territory, 



\oted Settlers of 18 jj — Election of Delegates 
to Topeka Constitutional Convention — Election for 
Adoption of Constitution — Election of State Offi- 
cers under Topeka Constitution — ]\oted Settlers of 
i8j6 — Territory Overrun with Border Ruffians — 
The Probate fudge. County Commissioners and 
Sheriff Flee the County — fohn Brown with his 
Company Marching to the Rescue of Lawrence — 
United States Troops sent to Pottozuatomie. 

In the spring and summer of 1855 a number of 
settlers with their families located in the territory 
now included in Anderson county. The following 
are among the prominent settlers of that year : Da- 


rius Frankenberger, M. M. Minkler, C. E. Dewey, 
H. II. Williams, Ephraim Reynolds, James Sutton, 
Benjamin Davis, J. II. Wolken, J. H. Rockers, H. 
M. Rumley, Samuel Mack, John McDaniel, Zach- 
arias Schutte, Charles Backer, James Townsley, C. 
H. Price, Jesse Sutton, Henderson Rice. 

An election for delegates to a convention to frame, 
a constitution for a State government, known as the 
Topeka constitutional convention, was held on the 
9th of October, 1855. There were 49 votes polled 
at the Pottowatomie precinct for delegates ; these 
were all Free State votes, as there was no opposi- 
tion ticket run at this election. The Fifth district 
elected seven delegates, as follows: J. M. Arthur, 
O. C. Brown, Hamilton Smith, Richard Knight, 
Fred. Brown, W. T. Morris and William Turner. 

December 15, 1855, at an election held for the 
adoption or rejection of the Topeka constitution, at 
the Pottowatomie precinct the following persons of 
Anderson count}' voted : Ephraim Reynolds, Sam- 
uel Anderson, Darius Frankenberger, I. B. Ten- 
brook, W. L. Frankenberger, James Townsley, 
John McDaniel, James Sutton, Samuel Mack, C. E. 
Dewey, M. M. Minkler, Benj. Dunn, Alex. Purdue 
and H. H. Williams. There were 39 votes for the 
adoption of the constitution and 3 against. On the 
proposition in the constitution, for the expulsion of 
negroes and mulattoes, there were 25 votes for and 
18 against. 

January 15, 1856, at an election for State officers 


under the Topeka constitution, the following per- 
sons voted at Pottowatomie precinct: D. Franken- 
berger, \V. L. Frankenberger, M. M. Minkler, 
Alex. Purdue, H. H. Williams, Joseph Moslv, Eph- 
raim Reynolds, J. T. Barker, James Sutton, Law- 
rence Brady, D. C. Davenport, C. E. Dewey, Benj. 
Davis, J. H. Wolken, J. H. Rockers, H. M. Rum- 
ley. A. C. Austin and Samuel Mack. Also, John 
Brown, jr., Fred. Brown and Owen Brown, sons, and 
Henrv Thompson, son-in-law, of old John Brown, 
voted at this precinct. The poll book and tally list 
of this election are signed bv Frederick Brown, S. 
B. Moore and Wm. Partridge, as judges ; and H. H. 
Williams and Ephraim Reynolds, as clerks. 

Several emigrants came and located in Anderson 
countv in the spring of 1856. Among the more 
prominent settlers of that year were W. C. McDow. 
A. Simons, Samuel Anderson, Jacob Benjamin, A. 
Bondi, James Y. Campbell, John S. Robinson, 
Solomon Kauffman, C. W. Peckham, William G. 
Hill, R. D. Chase, Samuel McDaniel, G. W. Yan- 
dall, Wilham Tull, A. G. West, C. G. Ellis, Rezin 
Porter, Jno. Kirkland,Wm. Dennis, J. F.Wadsworth, 
H.Cavender, Frederick Tochterman,W. G. Nichols. 
• From May, 1856, to January, 1857, no business 
of any official character was transacted by the pro- 
bate judge, the county commissioners, or the sheriff 
of this county. 

On the 28th day of January, 1857, we find the 
following record : 


•• Ily onli'i' i)f I 111' hoard of coiiiily coimiiissioncrs in and 
fur the county ol" Anderson. Iliat in constMiiicncc of insur- 
rcction llii-oiiiiliout Kansas 'I'ci-ritory, more i)ai-ticidarly 
contincd lo the counties of Fi-anklin and Anderson, tluit 
llie piohale and couiniissioners" court were unable to liold 
tiieir i-e^iuiai- or adjourned court, in and for tiie count \ of 
Anderson, and lias been ordered by board of couiniission- 
ers this day lobe ent<'red on the county coinuiissioners' 
(locket. 'I'lioAiAS ToTToN. Clerk." 

Francis Mver and John S. Waitman were radical 
Pro-Slavery men, and appointed to the office of 
county commissioner on account of their loyalty to 
the slave power. Judge Geo. Wilson had been 
elected by the bogus Legislature as a ht tool to 
cany out the designs of the Border Ruffians, and 
was elected because of his peculiar fitness for that 
purpose. And when the difficulties of 1856 culmi- 
nated, these officers were in full sympathy with, and 
took an active and leading part on the behalf of, the 
Missouri Ruffians that overrun this county at that 
time ; they believed that African slaver}^ was a divine 
institution — and that whoever denied its divine ori- 
gin and right were infidels and not entitled to the 
respect of law or decency. During the exciting 
time of the suiumer and fall of 1856 many of the 
Free State settlers on the Pottowatomie creeks had 
been notified to leave the country, and in many cases 
were notified that if they did not leave in a given 
time they would be visited by these ruffians and 
dealt with according to their code. 

In April, 1856, Major Buford arrived in Kansas 



with a large body of men from Georgia, Alabama 
and South Carolina. This body of armed men 
came for the avowed purpose of driving all Free 
State men out of the Territory and dedicating Kan- 
sas irrevocably to slavery. About this time the 
*' Herald of Freedom" sa3's : 

'• Ivausas is atiiiiu invaded by aniicd ruffians ; tliey jiatlicr 
in V)y tons, and tifties, and liundrcds. Shannon lias rc<i- 
uiarly cnrcdied tliom as militia. conunissitnuMl tlicii- (ifficers. 
&r.: at any niomcnt tlicy may fommcncf their work of 

During the summer and fall of 1856 the southern 
portion of Kansas, and all along her borders, a semi- 
barbarous class of rutiians overrun the country, and 
assumed the guardianship of the slave interests ; and 
ever\' possible obstacle was thrown in the way to re- 
tard Northern immigration. The immigrants were 
driven back ; they were tarred and feathered ; their 
claims were seized ; their cabins were burned ; and 
thev were often ordered bv committees of Southern 
men, or the Missouri rabble, to leave the Territor}' 
immediately, under the penalty of death. These 
ruffians were often urged to deeds of most outrage- 
ous barbarity by the fierce harangues of the leading 
spirits and stump-orators of the Slave States. As 
an illustration of this sentiment, as proclaimed by 
the radical leaders of the South, we give the follow- 
ing from the speech of General Stringfellow, deliv- 
ered at St. Jo., Mo., then a prominent citizen of that 
State : 


'•I tell vou to mark everv scoundrel amon<4' \()u who is 


llic least tiiiiitctl with Aholitioiiisui. or Fi-ct'-soilisiii. and cx- 
iciininalc liiin; ncitlM'i- jrivc nor take (|iiai't('r tVoin llio 
(1 — (1 rascals. To llios(> who havo (Hialiiis of conscience 
as to xiolalint;- law. Stale oi- iialional, say. 1 lie time has 
come when such iiiiposil ion nitisl he disrejiarded. As your 
riiihts and property are endan^'red. I advise one and all 
to enter every election disti'ict in Ivansas, in (h'tiance of 
.Ileeder and his niyrnudons, and \'o(e at the point of the 
howie-knife and re\-oiver. Neither take nor yi ve (juarter, 
as the cause (h'niands it. It is enouu'li that the slave hold- 
in<^' interest wills it. from winch there is no appeal." 

This sentiment was reiterated by every Pi"o-Sla- 
very paper on the border ; and declared by every 
stump orator in the field throughout the Border 
Ruffian dominion. 

On the 2 1st of May, 1856, General Atchison, the 
great Border Ruffian, a U. S. Senator, ex-Vice 
President of the United States, together with Col. 
Titus, of Florida, Major Bufoi;d, of Georgia, and 
General Stringfellow, of Missouri, entered Lawrence 
and sacked the town, burned the Free State hotel, and 
destroyed the "Herald of Freedom" and "Free 
State" printing presses. They were there from the 
slave States, under the pretense of enforcing the 
law and making aiTests. 

The Ruffians assumed to be the masters of the 
whole Territory ; declared their own lo3'alty and 
conquest, and assutued to be the protectors of the 
Governor and the defenders of the boirus laws. 
They extolled the greatness of their power, and af- 
fected to deride the disloyalty of the handful of 
Free State men who appeared under the banners of 



freedom to resist their invasion. The armies of the 
ruffians seemed, indeed, as numerous as a cloud of 
summer locusts, who darken the day, flap their wings, 
and, after a short flight, tumble weary and breath- 
less to the ground; like them, sunk after a feeble 
effort, and were vanquished by their own cowardice, 
and withdrew from the scene of action to boast of 
their deeds of crime and infamy. 

It was about this time that the Pottowatomie 
affair happened. In the neighborhood of Dutch 
Henry crossing of the Pottowatomie lived a Mr. 
Allen Wilkerson, a member of the bogus Legisla- 
ture. He and William Sherman, Doyle and a 

few other Pro-Slavery men in the neighborhood 
had always been violent and bad men. Immedi- 
ately after sacking Lawrence, these men concluded 
that war had begun, and the Free State people must 
be driven from the country. Violent party men, of 
violent disposition and reckless character, covetous 
of the claims of the Free State men, commenced 
the work of persecution. Several Free State men 
were ordered to leave by letter and verbally. One 
man, named Morse, was seized and abused, and 
threatened with death if he did not leave. Morse 
was a merchant, and had a small store ; kept such 
articles as are usually kept in a country store. On 
the morning of the 21st of May he had sold some 
powder and lead to John Brown, jr's., men, when 
they were on the road to Lawrence. These men 

said thev would learn him to sell ammunition to Free 



State men. A cabin was burned at the same time. 
Five of these Pro- Slavery men. Wilkerson, Sherman, 
Doyle and his two sons, were taken out one night 
and killed. This act was never fully justified by 
the Free State men. The government had refused 
to give protection to the Free State settlers, and it 
seemed to be the only wa}' for the Free State men 
to protect themselves. Lynch law was the terrible 
alternative to which the Free State men were driven, 
because of the guerrilla warfare to which they were 

About this time Francis Myer, John S. Waitman, 
David McCammon and George Wilson, having been 
aiders and abettors in the Pro-Slavery atrocities, 
fearing that they would meet the same fate, fled the 
country. Wilson returned again in the winter of 
1857, but the two commissioners and sheriff never 
returned ; so it became necessary to select other 
commissioners and another sheriff. 

At the time the Border Ruthans were marching 
against the Free State men of Lawrence, John 
Brown, jr., with his Pottowatomie company, started 
to their assistance, but before he could reach there 
he learned that Lawrence had been sacked and 
burned, and was notified that his presence could do 
no possible good. He halted and went into camp 
on Ottawa creek, near Prairie City, where he re- 
mained for a few da3's. He had in his company about 
20 Anderson county men ; and while he was in 
camp on Liberty mound, near Prairie City, the 


news of the killing of Wilkerson, Sherman and 
the Do3'les was received. 

Soon after the Pottowatomie tragedy the govern- 
ment ordered a company' of dragoons to the neigh- 
borhood. They camped for several weeks at a 
spring northeast of Greeley, near the residence of 
Samuel Staley. They also were stationed in 
Franklin county, near the line, for some time. This 
company was recruited in South CaroHna, and its 
Captain, DeSaucer, was a hot-headed advocate of 
Southern institutions. He made frequent efforts to 
capture obnoxious Free State men, especially James 
Townsley. Whenever one of these night incursions 
was to be made by De Saucer's men, notice would 
be given to some of the citizens by one or two of 
his men, who were in S3^mpath3^ with the Free State 
cause, so that they might guard against approach- 
ing danger, and as a consequence thereof not a single 
arrest was made during the time the company re- 
mained in the neighborhood. This same DeSaucer 
tigured in the first movement on Forts Moultrie and 
Sumter, showing the sagacit}' of the administration 
in sending him to crush freedom in Kansas. De 
Saucer, when talking, had the negro pronunciation 
of the South so perfectly that you had to see him to 
discern that it was not a Southern negro talking. 

In the spring of 1856, a company of Maj. Bu- 
ford's Georgians was camped in the timber near the 
present residence of Mrs. White, on the line of 
Franklin count}^ They were taking all the cattle 



and horses tliat they could find that belonged to the 
Free State men. One morning Wilber D. West was 
ridiniT alonj*' near Greeley, when he met one of Bu- 
ford's men, who rode up to him and asked if he was 
a Pro-Slavery man, which he answered in the nega- 
tive, whereupon the Georgian told him to dismount, 
drawing his revolver, which order West could but 
obey, when the Pro-Slavery man led his horse 
quietly away. He had not gone far before he met 
Hardy Warren and I. P. Sutton in a two-horse 
wagon, going in the direction of the Pro-Slavery 
camp. On meeting them the first salutation was: 
"Are you Free State men?" Mr. Warren said: 
"I am a Free State man." Then the Georgian 
rode a short distance, to where John Waitman was, 
and had a short consultation with him ( a notorious 
Border Rufiian ), came on, and overtaking Warren 
and Sutton demanded their horses and wagon, which 
Warren told him he could not have. Then the 
Rufiian drew his revolver, and at the same time an- 
other of his party emerged from the brush, which 
rendered resistance vain, and the only alternative 
was to give up the horses, which were driven to the 
camp, when Warren informed him that the mare 
would be useless to him, being heavy with foal, 
when the Rufiian turned to Sutton, who was a lad, 
and said: "You may take the d — d old mare," 
and let him ride her home, but kept the horse and 
wagon, and detained Warren a prisoner for several 


When the Border Ruffians carried Hardy Warren 

■ and I. P. Sutton to their camp, Captain Wood, who 
was then in command of a compan}- of United States 
soldiers stationed" in the neighborhood, was present. 

h Warren asked him if he was a United States officer, 
and Captain Wood informed him that he was. 

jl Warren then appealed to him for protection ; told 
him that the Ruffians were robbing him and Sutton, 
and demanded protection as an American citizen 
against such outrage. Captain Wood smiled, turned 
around and quietly walked away. 

The troops were kept on the Pottowatomie dur- 
ing most of the summer, and saw such outrages as 
these committed against the Free State settlers daily, 
and refused to give them any protection, but if a 

I Free State man would interfere with a Pro-Slavery 
man the troops were at once brought to his assist- 
ance. The administration sent onl}^ such tools of 
the "slave power" to the Territory as sustained the 

■ Pro-Slavery party in Kansas, and intimidated the 
friends of freedom. 


Organization of Pottowatoniic Guards — Celebra- 
tion of Fourth of Jidy, /Sjd — Struggle betzveen 
Free State Men and Border Ruffians — Battle of 
Middle Creek — Hozu a Ruffian Lost his Nose — Raid 
on Pottoivatoniie — Robbing Schutte — Battle of Osa- 
xvatoniie — Great Suffi'ering among Settlers. 

In the summer of 1856 the Free State settlers on 
the Pottovvatomies, in order to protect the settle- 
ments against the invasions of the Border Ruffians, 
who were then making frequent raids in the southern 
part of the Territory, robbing the settlers and driv- 
ing their families from their claims, met at the house 
of W. L. Frankenberger, on the South Pottowato- 
mie, organized a military company, and named it 
the "Pottowatomie Guards," and elected Samuel 
Anderson captain of the company, which had its 
drill-ground and place of meeting at the cabin of W. 
L. Frankenberger. The Pottowatomie guards had 
about 30 men able for action. The company in- 
cluded all the able-bodied men on the Pottowatomie 
above Greeley. 

This company participated in many of the expe- 
ditions against the Border Rutlians in 1856-7-8, and 
did valuable service in protecting the settlers against 


the depredations of raiding parties from the Slave 
States. The invasions from Missouri were so frequent 
in the summer and fall of 1856, that it was unsafe 
for settlers to remain at home over night with their 
families ; and for several months the families in the 
settlement would collect together at night time on 
the Potto watomie at Frankenberger's claim, and the 
women and children would take quarters in the 
cabin, while the men would keep guard over them. 
Such was the state of the country for man}- months, 
that the men would, part of the time, work on their 
claims during the day with their rifles and revolvers 
within their reach, and stand guard at night or be 
on the march to the defense of some settlement 
against the approach of the Ruffians. 

Notwithstanding the man}- troubles and hardships 
the settlers encountered they did not forget that the 
early struggles of the fathers of our country pur- 
chased our freedom and established a free govern- 
ment ; and on the Fourth of July, 1856, the few 
settlers on the Pottowatomie assembled at the cabin 
of W. L. Frankenberger, about two miles east of 
Garnett, and there had a good old-fashioned cele- 
bration. C. E. Dewey read the Declaration of In- 
dependence, H. H.Williams, Capt. Samuel Anderson 
and J. Y. Campbell delivered orations, and the ladies 
sang some patriotic songs to enliven the occasion. 
These patriotic people were conscious that justice 
was on their side, which made them fearless in main- 
taining the right, and asserting that all men are en- 


dowed with the inalienable right to "life, liberty 
and the pursuit of happiness ;" that the primary ob- 
ject and ulterior design of our federal government 
was to secure these rights to all persons within its 
jurisdiction. This was the first celebration of the 
national birthday in Anderson county. 

Although the country was but sparsely settled, 
and the audience small, a more enthusiastic and pat- 
riotic gathering never assembled in any State. In a 
new and wild country these people were like the 
Pilfjrim Fathers, who came to make for themselves 
and children homes in a free land, to lay the found- 
ation for a great and prosperous commonwealth, 
and to make this a country of refuge for the op- 
pressed of all nations. They performed the work 
with a christian fortitude that was commendable, 
and which was finally crowned with the desired 
success. I 

In the month of August, 1856, the struggle be- 
tween the contending parties was rapidly approach- 
ing a crisis. It was evident that the Ruffian power 
was fast encircling the friends of freedom in all the 
southern portion of the Territory ; it was concentra- 
ting all its forces ; block-houses were erected, and 
well supplied with provisions ; and Gihon, pri- 
vate secretary of Gov. Geary, says in his work on 
'•' Geary and Kansas:" 

" TIic Pi'o-Slavcry iiuiraiiders south of tlie Kansas river 
liad <"slal)lisli('(l and fortifii'd. at tlic town of Franklin, a 
fort, llirown up earthworks near ( )sa\vatoniie. and anotlier 


at AVashing'ton creek, 12 miles from LaAvrenco, and one at 
Titus' house, near Lecompton." 

From these strongholds they made sallies, to cap- 
ture horses and cattle, intercept mails, rob travelers, 
plunder stores and dwellings, burn houses and de- 
stroy crops. 

The fort near Osawatomie was garrisoned by Pro- 
Slavery men from Georgia ; and in consequence of 
outrages committed in the neighborhood, and at the 
solicitation of the settlers, was attacked by a com- 
pany composed of Free State men, who were set- 
tlers from Douglas, Franklin and Anderson counties, 
on the 5th of August, 1856. This attack on the 
Georgian party was, by agreement, to have occurred 
on the night previous, but the Lawrence party lost 
their way on the prairie, which caused delay. The 
signal was to have been given of their approach by 
the firing of the prairie south of Stanton, on the 
north side of the river, to the Free State men 
who rendezvoused on the prairie, on the claim 
then occupied by David Baldwin. From this place 
they could see across the valley and the divide be- 
tween the Pottowatomie and Marais des Cygnes 
rivers. The Free State men looked in vain for the 
sign ; no fire illuminated the north ; the Free State 
men from the Pottowatomie, who had volunteered 
to rout this Georgian encampment, returned home- 
ward, not knowing the cause of failure. A few 
hours after, intelligence reached the Pottowatomie 
company that the attack would be made that night ; 



and they again set out for the enemy's camp. On 
the approach of the Free State men the camp was 
abandoned. The Georgians made a precipitate 
flight, ere the Free State men reached the place, 
leaving a large amount of commissary stores and 
other property. Several barrels of bacon and flour 
were loaded into wagons, and then the building was 
burned, with its contents. The Georgians never 
returned to this neighborhood, but retreated to their 
fort at Washington creek, where they remained un- 
til the 15th, when they were again put to flight by 
Gen. Lane and his forces from Lawrence. 

The Anderson county men in this attack were 
under the command of Dr. Rufus Gilpatrick. Law- 
rence Brady and others of Anderson county were 
in Osawatomie during the day preceding the attack, 
when a Georgian slapped Brady in the face. Such 
and similar insults were given to our Free State men 
w^ienever they met the Pro-Slavery men where the}' 
had the advantage. 

August 25, 1856, acting Governor Woodson is- 
sued a proclamation declaring the Territory in a 
state of insurrection and rebellion, and calling out 
the militia. This was the darkest hour, for the 
Free State men, that Kansas had ever known, and 
hundreds of them left the Territory. The southern 
division of the Pro-Slavery militia was under Gen- 
eral Coffey. About this time a force of Ruffians 
marched from Missouri and camped on Middle 
creek, near what is known as Potato mound, then 


known as Battle mound. They numbered about 
200 strong, remaining in camp several da\'S, waiting 
for reinforcements from Missouri, preparatory to a 
general movement against the Free State settlements 
along the Pottowatomies. 

On the 27th of August they took Geo. Partridge 
from his bed, sick, and carried him a prisoner to 
their camp. On the same day thev burned the 
houses of Kilbourne and Cochran, near Greeley. 
Dr. Rufus Gilpatrick was out on Middle creek to 
visit a patient, and discovered the encampment of 
the Pro-Slavery forces, and reported the same to 
the Free State men on the Pottowatomie. Then 
Capt. Stewart, of Lawrence, with his company, and 
Capt. Samuel Anderson, with the Pottowatomie 
guards, and Capt. Cline, with his company, set out 
for the enemv's camp on Middle creek. Capt. John 
Brow^n, with his company, accompanied them until 
near the enemy's camp, w'here he received the in- 
telligence that a party of raiders was moving up the 
Pottowatomie, near Greeley, and then he, with his 
company, w^ent in pursuit of the marauding parties. 
Brown returned to the main force soon after the 
rout of the enemv and capture of their camp. The 
forces of the Free State men did not number more 
than 100 men. 

On the morning of August 28, 1856, the Free 
State men came in sight of the enemy's camp, when 
they were put in order for battle, and moved steadily 
forward to the attack. The enemv were busily 


engaged in preparing their breakfast and did not 
discover the Free State men until they were within 
a short distance of the catnp, when a sudden rush 
was made, taking them entirely by surprise, and 
they became panic-stricken, and man}^ of them fled 
in confusion ; some of them so precipitately that they 
left their horses behind. The rout was complete ; 
the men fled in such confusion that their commanders 
could not bring them to a stand, nor even check 
their stampede, until they had reached the interior 
of Missouri. The}' reported that they had been at- 
tacked by 10,000 Jayhawkers, armed with Sharp's 
rifles, and many cannons. The Free State forces 
here rescued Geo. Partridge, who had been taken 
prisoner by the enemy on the preceding day. 

The following amusing incident occurred at the 
Middle creek affair: A. Simons, of Anderson 
county, was in the advance guard. When near the 
enemy's camp a Border Ruffian came dashing along. 
On his near approach Simons brought his gun to 
bear on him, and cried out at the top of his voice, 
"Halt!" But the Ruffian paid no attention to the 
Pottowatomie volunteer. At that moment bang 
went Simons' gun, and down fell the Ruffian, crying 
and hallooing, and on inspection his face was found 
to be covered with blood ; but on closer examination 
it was ascertained that his only injury consisted in 
the loss of his nose. It was said of him that he re- 
turned in a few days after to his Missouri home, a 
wiser and better man, but not quite so handsome. 


In the battle of Middle creek, the Free State forces 
captured about fifteen prisoners, who were kept 
over night, then duly admonished by John Brown as 
to their fate, and released. It is believed that they 
never again visited Kansas during her troubles. One 
Pro-Slavery man, named Cline, was severely 
wounded and soon after died. A large amount of 
commissaries and other property was captured, and 
destroyed for want of transportation. 

The raiding party that came from the Pro-Slavery 
camp on the morning of the battle of Middle creek, 
near Greele3^ robbed Zacharia Schutte, and threat- 
ened to visit Dr. Gilpatrick and hang him, and left 
Schutte with that intention, but learned the fate of 
the Middle creek camp, before they reached Gil- 
patrick' s, and made rapid flight to reach their com- 
rades in Missouri, 

The day after the fight on Middle creek, the battle 
of Osawatomie took place, from which old John 
Brown received the name of "Osawatomie Brown." 
Many of those who took part in the Middle creek 
fight did not participate in the battle of Osawatomie. 
Not knowing that an enemy was so near at hand, 
many had left for Lawrence. This circumstance 
accounts for the small numbers who were engaged 
with Brown, against the forces of Gen. Reid, whose 
force was between 300 and 400 men, with one piece 
of artillery. Dr. Updegraff had a small force under 
his charge, and those who had joined Brown at 
Middle creek composed his whole force, between 



thirty and forty men. The fight histed about three 
hours. Brown retreated toward the timber, superior 
forces compelling him to abandon the unequal 
conflict. In crossing the river Geo. Partridge, who 
was released as a prisoner from the Ruffian camp 
on the day before, was shot and killed. Otljers re- 
ceived various wounds, but the Ruffians, from the 
best accounts that could be gathered, lost over thirty 
men killed, and many wounded. 

Frederick Brown, son of John Brown, was killed 
on the public road, near the house of the Rev. J. S. 
Adair, about one hour before the battle commenced, 
in the morning. He was shot dead by the Rev. 
Martin White, who boasted of his exploits the next 
winter, while a member of the Legislature. Mr. 
Cutler, of Douglas county, was also shot and left 
for dead, at the same time and place. Mr. Garri- 
son was also killed by the Ruffians, early in the 
morning, before the tight commenced. 

The remains of Geo. Partridge, Fred. Brown and 
Garrison were deposited in a cemetery which the 
citizens pf Osawatomie set apart for this special pur- 
pose, and we are sony to know that to this day the 
unwarranted neglect and want of an adequate pat- 
riotic zeal for liberty has allowed the hallowed rest- 
ing place of these early martyrs for human freedom to 
remain without a proper and merited tablet to mark 
the deposit of their remains for the last twenty years. 

In Judge Han way's reminiscences of Pottowat- 
omie township, of Franklin county, he says : 


*"'Aft(M- the (lifflcultics passed throuiili in the months of 
May anil June, 1856," to which he had l)efoi-e referred, " \v(- 
were much annoyed from tlie hick of almost every article 
of consumption, for everything" had to come through by 
the way of Westport, from Kansas City. It became at 
limes a serious question with the Free State settlers how 
to supply our wants. The roads to Missouri were block- 
aik'd l)y tiie Pro-Slavery party : Free State men were fre- 
quently rol)bed and their teams taken from them on the 
j)ul)lic hi<ih way. Flour, bacon and other necessary articles 
of consumi)tion became scarce, and brought high tigures. 
Occasionally a team from Kansas City, Avith these articles, 
would i)ay us a visit, l)ut this did not supply our wants. 

'' Xecessitv. it is said, knows no law ; and it was amusinii' 
to witness how tlie most tender-hearted and conscientious 
among us adopted that proverb. Toward the close of the 
summer many of the Free State men, in council assembled, 
concluded that as the enemy would not sell or permit us 
to obtain provisions, that, rather than sutfer, they would 
live on beef, by 'pressing' it. Many of the most obnox- 
ious Pro-Slavery men had large herds grazing on the prai- 
ries, and therefrom, under the circumstances, they had no 
scruples of conscience in reference to killing a beef Avhen 
needed. These cattle owners were not long before they 
advocated the opening of the roads to Kansas C-ity ; at 
least this class of men were permitted to trade in Kansas 
City and haul provisions to the settlers. The tine-spun 
theories of ethics did not enter into the programme of '56 ; 
Free State men were compelled to adapt themselves to sur- 
rounding circumstances^ and retaliation is so natural in 
man that we have often been surprised that they Avere so 
moderate in their proceedings." 


Arrival of C. E. Dewey and Party from Ohio — 
First Settlement on South Pottozvatomie — Death of 
Baer — Survey of Government Land — Location 
Kansas City Tozunsite — Selection of Garnett Tozun- 
site by Dr. G. W. Cooper and Geo. A. Dunn — 
Arrival of Louisville Colony., with Steaju Mill — 
Prominent Settlers of Garnett in i8j8-g. 

In the spring of 1855 Charies E. Dewey, with 
several other parties, made the first settlement on 
the South Pottowatomie above Greeley. C. E. 
Dewey, with his wife and little girl of seven summers, 
Daniel Baer, with his wife and little boy, three years 
of age, left Sandusky county, O., on the 13th day of 
April, 1855, for Kansas Territory. They were joined 
by H. H. Williams and four other young men, at Cin- 
cinnati. They came by steamer down the Ohio 
river, thence up the Mississippi and Missouri rivers 
to Kansas City, Missouri, arriving there April 31, 1 
1855. Dewey with his party, consisting of ten per- 
sons, started from Kansas City for the Pottowatomie 
on the first day of May, and the same day reached \ 
Ottawa Jones', a station named for the Ottawa tribe 
of Indians. On the morning of May 2, 1855, the 
partv, leaving their women and children at Jones', 


set out for the "Eldorado," across the wild and 
trackless prairies to the south, for the Partridge set- 
tlement, on the Pottowatomie river. In the after- 
noon of the same day thev reached the Pottowato- 
mie, a short distance above Dutch Henry crossing, 
where the^- found Wilber D. West chopping timber 
on a claim he had taken. Passing over the bluff to 
the south, they came to the habitation of David 
Baldwin, who had squatted there in 1854; then 
south about one mile thev found Waltman Partridnfe 
and his family, who had settled in 1854. '^^^ P^rty 
here stopped during the night. The next morning 
the party engaged George Partridge to guide them 
up the South Pottowatomie, across the open prairie, 
without any road ; passing by the present towmsite 
of Greeley, where there was one or two cabins. 
Still pursuing their journey, about two miles further 
up the stream they passed the cabin of Charles 
Baecker, who had just selected a claim and built a 
cabin of poles thereon. The party still traveled up 
the south side of the stream until they came to w^hat 
is now known as the Judy neighborhood. 

Dewe}^ selected his claim on the land now owned 
b}' William Neal, and drove his claim stake. H. H. 
Williams took the claim on the land that is now the 
Isaac Hiner farm. Daniel Baer selected the claim 
on which P. x\. Paul now^ lives. None of the other 
parties located in Anderson county. They all re- 
turned to Partridge's that night, and the next day re- 
turned to Jones' for their families. 


Oil the loth day of May Dewey and his party 
unloaded their goods in a pole cabin, 10 feet by 14 
feet, roofless and floorless, on the northwest corner 
of what is now James Adams' farm, near the bank 
of the stream. That was the first settlement on the 
South Pottowatomie above the Schutte farm. 

Dewey, Baer and Williams cleared off three or 
four acres of brush land and planted it in corn, 
which produced a good crop. The corn was de- 
stroyed by a prairie fire in the fall before it was 

H. H. Williams was taken sick on the 5th of Jul}-, 
and was unable to work until the next winter. Baer 
was taken sick in August, from which he never re- 
covered. He died in September and was buried on 
the high bluff on the north side of the Pottowatomie, 
just above Dutch Henry crossing. He had buried 
his child soon after their arrival on the Pottowatomie. 
Mrs. Baer and Mrs. Dewey lay sick during the 
month of September. Dewey's little girl died on 
the i8th of the same month. The whole colony 
was sick during the fall. Dewey was the only one 
that was able to attend to the affairs about the cabin. 
There were no other settlers to care for or to give 
aid to the sick ; no doctor in the country ; none 
nearer than Osawatomie. Dewey, having educated 
himself for a physician, and having been engaged 
in the practice, and anticipating the necessities of a 
new countr}', supplied himself with a small amount 
of such medicines as would be required, which en- 



abled him to administer to the sick of his family and 
those who came with him ; and he was often called 
to attend the sick further down the stream. 

In the following winter the government lands in 
Anderson county were surveyed, and Dewev found 
his claim not a desirable one, because of the lines 
separating his timber from the prairie. He jumped 
the claim made by one Card, a government surveyor, 
and built a frame house on it, and pre-empted it in 
the spring of 1856, where he lived until he went into 
the army during the rebellion, when he traded it to 
Henry Denman, who still lives upon it. 

In the summer of 1855 Patrick Tyler with his 
family squatted on the farm now owned by Judge 
Wm. Spriggs ; and John Prior, in the fall following, 
settled on the claim now the farm of Emery Wilson. 
H. M. Rumley settled still further up the creek in 
the same year. In the spring of 1856 Samuel Mc- 
Daniel came to the Pottowatomie, and bought the 
claim of Patrick Tyler, who went further up the 
stream and located another claim. 

In the fall of 1855 and winter and spring of 1856 
the government surv^ey of the public lands was made, 
under the supervision of John Calhoun, surveyor 
general of the Territory of Kansas and Nebraska. 

On the first day of May, 1856, Dr. G. W. Cooper 
arrived at Kansas City, Missouri. He had started 
a few days prior thereto from his home in Louis- 
ville, Kentuckv, to explore the southern portion of 
the Territory of Kansas, for the purpose of select- 


ing a site for a town and locating a colony thereat. 
At the time Cooper arrived at Kansas City, Major 
Buford landed with a large body of men from Mis- 
sissippi, Alabama and South Carolina, for the pur- 
pose of making Kansas a slave State. Kansas Ter- 
ritory was then under the rule of the Pro-Slavery 
party, and it was dangerous for a Free State man to 
enter the Territory, unles^ he had a voucher from 
some of the leading Pro-Slavery men. So Cooper, 
to avoid trouble, applied to General McClain, at 
Wyandotte, for a letter of recommendation, that i 
would protect him while among the Pro-Slavery 
men, McClain being a leading man in that party. 
He gave Cooper the necessary recommendation to 
all good and tnie men in the Territor}-. Cooper, 
thus armed, set out on his voyage. He traveled in 
a southwest direction for a few days, returning 
through Anderson county about the last of May, and 
afterwards selected and laid out a town on lanthe 
creek, and called it Kansas Cit}', afterwards known 
as lanthe. This was the first townsite selected in the 
county. After selecting the townsite and platting 
the same, he returned to Wyandotte, to General 
McClain' s office. lanthe, or Kansas City, was a 
paper town, located on the west half of section 27 
and east half of section 28, township 19, range 18, 
and was afterwards pre-empted by John Murphy, 
John L. Clemens, Stephen B. Shotwell and Alex- 
ander Casseda3\ The three latter were from Louis- 
ville, Ky., and the former from Virginia. John 



Murphy made a claim on lanthe creek on i6o acres 
of land, and made some improvements, and moved 
on the same. The entire tract of land claimed as 
the townsite of lanthe or Kansas Citv, except the 
claim of John Murph}-, was pre-empted bv one 
movable log-cabin, which was moved from one quar- 
ter to another until the several claims were pre- 
empted. The cabin and proprietors have long since 
"gone where the woodbine twineth." 

Cooper, at Wyandotte, met George A. Dunn, 
who had surveyed most of the lands in Anderson 
county, and was recently frdVn that region of coun- 
try. When Cooper made known to Dunn his mis- 
sion to Kansas, he proposed to go with him to the 
Pottowatomie, in Anderson count}', and select 
a townsite near the center of the county, for a 
county seat, and, after agreeing upon a plan and the 
share each was to have, they together set out for the 
Pottowatomie country, and arrived in this county 
some time in the summer or fall thereafter. They 
went to the geographical center of the county and 
examined the surrounding country, but failing to 
find a desirable site for a town, Dunn suggested that 
there was a beautiful site about six miles from the 
center, on section 30, township 20, range 20, with a 
fine spring of w^ater. So they came down the Pot- 
towatomie to Samuel McDaniel's, near the present 
site of Garnett, stopped a few days with him, ex- 
amined the proposed townsite, and laid out a town 
on section 30, tow^nship 20, range 20, and returned 


to Wyandotte : and Cooper, in a few days, returned 
to Louisville, and afterwards organized a town com- 
pany consisting of W. A. Garnett, R. B. Hall, G. 
W. Cooper, Geo. A. Dunn and Theodore Harris. 
The company, so organized, proceeded to the elec- 
tion of officers, as follows : W. A. Garnett, presi- 
dent ; R. R. Hall, vice president; and Theo. Har- 
ris, secretary. The town was then named Garnett, 
in honor of W. A. Garnett, a man of wealth and 
influence in Louisville, Ky. The company at once 
made arrangements for sending a colony from 
Louisville to the new town, and purchased the 
necessary machinery for a first-class flouring and 
saw mill ; but not being able to send the colony that 
summer, the mill was not sent until the summer of 


In March, 1857, Cooper again came to Kansas, 

and on the loth of May he had the townsite again 
surveyed, staked out and platted, and then returned 
to Louisville for the colony, mill and machinery. 
On his arrival at Louisville he had a lithographed 
plat of the town made ; and the town compan}' then 
elected new offlcers, as follows : R. B. Hall, presi- 
dent ; Geo. A. Dunn, vice president ; and Theo. 
Harris, secretary. 

When Cooper was in Garnett in the spring of 
1857 ^^^' employed men and had a double log house 
built, on Fourth avenue, east of Main street, in 
which Dr. Preston Bowen opened a store in the sum- 
mer of the same year, which was the first store in 


the town. During the spring and summer of 1857 
several emigrants settled in Garnett, before the 
Louisville colony arrived, among whom were Dr. 
Thos. Lindsa}', John G. Lindsa}', Wm. Smith, W. 
S. Smith and Thos. Owen. 

Cooper and Hall, about the middle of Jul}', with a 
portion of the colony, started for Kansas, and ar- 
rived in Anderson count}' about the 25th of the same 

On the first day of August Robert B. Hall, as 
president ; Geo. A. Dunn, G. W. Cooper and Theo- 
dore Harris, as associates, filed a plat of the town of 
Garnett in the office of the probate court of the 
county, with a petition setting forth that the town of 
Garnett was regularly laid out and surveyed on or 
about the loth day of May, A. D. 1857, covering 
the south half of section 30, township 20, range 20. 
About this time a store house was built and occupied 
by a merchant, and the company on this improve- 
ment claimed the right under act of Congress to 
pre-empt the above described lands for a townsite ; 
and on the 8th day of September, 1857, the same 
was pre-empted by George Wilson, probate judge 
of Anderson county, in trust for the occupants of 
the town of Garnett. 

August 7, 1857, William C. Hall, Isaac N. Locke 
and Joseph Barclay, associates of the town of Troy, 
presented for filing in the office of the probate court 
their petition and plat, showing the survey of the 
town of Troy, and claiming the north half of section 


30, township 20, range 20, as a tovvnsite, under the 
pre-emption act of Congress, which petition was 
granted, and a record made of the same ; and on 
the 8th day of September, 1857, the land above de- 
scribed was pre-empted by Geo. Wilson, probate 
I'udge, for the use and benetit of the occupants of 
the town of Troy. 

In August, 1857, the Louisville colony arrived on 
the townsite of Garnett, with the machinery for 
a flouring and.saw mill, and at once commenced the 
work of getting up the mill, and preparing to build 
themselves dwellings. The following persons com- 
posed the colony : Charles Hidden and family, F. 
G. Bruns and family, W. C. Hall, R. B. Hall, 
Theodore Harris, G. W. Cooper and family, Mrs. 
Adeline Duren and family, John Lambdin and fam- 
ily, and M. T. Williams and family. 

There are but four persons of the Louisville col- 
ony now living in this county ; these are F. G. Bruns 
and wife, and G. W. Cooper and Mary L. Cooper. 
F. G. Bruns was a young man ; had not been mar- 


ried but a few months before coming to Kansas. 
He arrived here on the loth of August ; his wife I 
came soon after — as soon as he could prepare a 
house for her accommodation. He built the first 
frame house in Garnett, where he still resides. He 
was an active, energetic young man ; was of valu- 
able service to the town and county ; has held sev- 
eral prominent positions in the town since. On the 
13th day of March, 1858, was born unto him two 


children, named, respectively, Charles GarnettBruns 
and Mary Bruns. These were the first births in the 
town. Charles Garnett Bruns is now 18 years old ; 
a boy of excellent habits, and respected by all. 
Mary Bruns died at the age of nine weeks, and hers 
was the first death in Garnett. Bruns has built 
several buildings in the town, opened the first cabi- 
net shop, and by industry and rigid economy has 
from time to time added to his business until he now, 
in connection with O. Fabricius, is carrying on one 
of the most extensive furniture factories and stores in 
this part of the State. 

In the month of December, 1857, the tow^n com- 
panies of Garnett and Troy were consolidated, un- 
der the name and style of the "Town Company of 

On the 9th day of February, 1859, ^^^ Territor- 
ial Legislature parsed an act to incorporate the town 
company of Garnett, with the following incorpora- 
tors : R. B. Hall, Theodore Harris, J. Y. Camp- 
bell, James Locke, D. W. Houston and W. C. Hall, 
with the usual powers of bodies corporate. The 
company so incorporated met at Garnett on the 9th 
day of April, 1859, '^"^^ elected its officers as fol- 
lows : R. B. Hall, president, and Theodore Har- 
ris, secretary. The town so organized issued to its 
members certificates of stock in the following form : 

"Town of (raruett. Kansas Territory. 

•• Tliis is to cf rtify that — is entitled to one 

sliare, No. — , in tlie town of (iarnett, K. T., transfer- 


able ])('rs()iia]l\ or by altoriK'v. ujx)!! tlic l)()()ks of tlio com- 
pany, upon tlic siiiTcndci- of this (•crtilicutc. It is agreed 
hetween the stoeklioUlers and orijiinal i)re-eniptors of (iar- 
nctl, thai' tins eertilieate does .not entith' the hohler to any 
interest in the grounds and h)ts tliat have been set ai)ait 
for ])ublic puri)oses. l)uilt on. sold or given away i)revious 
tt) Deeeniber. IHA?. 

" In witness whereof the said coiiipau) have caused their 

president and secretary to attix their names, this day 

of . 1«5— . M. B. IIai.i.. President. 

"Theodohk Harris, J^ecretary." 

At the head of this certificate is the motto of the 
State of Kentucky. 

Several houses were erected on tiie townsite of 
Garnett in 1857. The flouring and saw mill was " 
put in operation during the fall of that year. 

In 1858 and 1859 '^ number of prominent settlers 
located in Garnett, among whom were D. W. Hous- 
ton, Hiram Tefft, Rev. J. R. Slentz, C. P. Alvey, 
Dr. G. W. Walgamott, S. J. Crawford, W. A. 
Johnson, G. W. Her, J. G. Smith, J. C. Johns6n, J 
Hugh Quinn, Gifford McAfee, James McLaughlin, 
Jared Graham, William McLaughlin, Robert Mc- 
Laughlin, Martin Setter, John B. Stitt, J- T. Pur- 
cell, Elias Norris, Ephraim Coy. Charles Norris, 
John Johnson, N. A. Porter, Wm. Tefft, John Tefft, 
John S. Stowe and others. 

Dr. Cooper selected and laid out the town of 
Valley City, near the junction of the Pottowatomies, 
in the spring of 1857. Drs. Cooper and Lind- 
say surveyed and staked it out, and Cooper had a 
lithographed plat of it made ; but there were 


never an}- town improvements made on the town- 
site. It had, like many of the Kansas towns of that 
day, existence only on paper. Townsites became 
so numerous in the early days of the countrv that it 
became necessary for the Legislature to prevent the 
location of so many townsites, and in 1859 ^^ ^^'^^ ^ 
bill before it, providing that each alternate section 
should be reserved for agricultural purposes, and 
making it unlawful for more than half of the land 
to be occupied for town and city purposes. 


J/ass Mectino; at Hyatt — First Mectins; in Gar- 
nctt — County Oj^ccrs Appointed — Flection of Dele- 
gates to Lecompton Constitutional Convention — 
Free State Convention at Sac and Fox Agency — 
Celebration of ph of "July at Greeley — Dividing 
County into Municipal Tozvnships — Free State Con- 
ventions at Simons' and Hyatt — First Flection for 
County Officers — Vote of all the Precincts, except 
Shannon, thrown out by Probate fudge — Letter 
Giving Reason for Same — Free State Convention 
at Grasshopper Falls — Sickness in the fall ofiSjy. 

In May, 1857, a mass meeting was held at H3-att. 


D. H. Jackniim was elected president, and C. J. 
Farley, secretary. The object of the meeting was 
to discuss the question of electing delegates to the 
Lecompton convention, to frame a State constitution. 
W. F. M. Arny, William Spriggs, D. B. Jackman 
and some others of the more radical Free State men 
took strong ground against going into an election or 
doing any act that would recognize the organiza- 
tion of the county under the bogus laws. Dr. J. G. 
Blunt, Dr. Rufus Gilpatrick, James Hanway and 
some others took a more conservative view, and 
w^ere in favor of electing delegates and county offi- 
cers, believing the Free State men to be in the ma- 
jority ; but the majority of the meeting was opposed 
to the proposition, and passed resolutions against 
going into an election. 

On the i8th of May, 1857, a mass meeting was 
held on the townsite of Garnett, at the store of Dr. 
P. Bowen. The meeting had been called by Capt. 
Samuel Anderson and others, for the purpose of 
considering the subject of electing county officers 
at the following October election. The meeting 
elected James Hanway as president, and B. F. 
Ridgew^ay, secretary. Speeches were made by Drs. 
Gilpatrick, Blunt and Lindsay, and Capt. Anderson 
and James Hanway, all favoring an election. The 
meeting passed resolutions that it w^as advisable to 
elect county officers at the October election. This 
was the tlrst meeting held on the tow^nsite of Gar- 


nett, and perhaps the most harmonious meeting e\er 
held in the county. 

In Ma}-, 1857, Thomas Hill was commissioned, by 
the Governor, sheriff of Anderson county. He 
qualified and entered on the duties of his office, and 
continued so to act until after the October election 
in the same year. He was appointed to fill the va- 
cancy caused by the removal of David McCammon 
from the Territory. Hill was not a resident of the 
count}', but lived in Franklin county all the time 
that he acted as sheriff. In the early settlement of 
the Territor}' it was the general understanding of the 
settlers that the northern boundary of the county was 
three miles further north than it proved to be when 
surveyed and established. At the time of the or- 
ganization of the county the government survey had 
not been made. 

May 25, 1857, John McDaniel and Darius Frank- 
enberger were appointed county commissioners, to 
fill the vacancies caused b}^ the removal of Francis 
M3er and J. S. Waitman from the Territory, and 
they qualified on the same day, and on the same day 
Capt. Samuel Anderson was appointed as justice of 
the peace. 

The county commissioners, on the 20th of July, 
established three voting precincts, and appointed 
judges of election for each precinct. First precinct, 
Greeley ; Samuel Mack, W. C. McDow and J. H. 
Wolken, judges for the October election. Second 
precinct, Shannon ; Benjamin Davis, Wilson Ander- 


son and John Barker, judges. Third precinct, at 
Beni'aniin L. x^dington's, on North Pottovvatomie ; 
Benj. L. Adington, Rezin Porter and Christian 
Feuerborn, judges. 

The election for delegates to a convention to 
frame a State convStitution, commonly known as the 
Lecompton constitutional convention, was held on 
the 15th day of June, 1857 ; and at this election Dr. 
Rufus Gilpatrick and J. V. Campbell received 32 
votes each in this county, and both were elected as 
delegates. This was the tirst election held in the 
county. Gilpatrick and Campbell both went to the 
convention at Lecompton, and on the loth day of 
August the convention passed a resolution declaring 
both entitled to seats ; but neither of them quahhed 
or took a seat in the convention. 

On the 20th of July A. Simons was appointed 
county clerk, and Samuel Anderson, probate judge. 

On the tirst day of August Henry Williams was 
appointed justice of the peace. 

On the loth day of September, 1857, a Free State 
convention was held at the Sac and Fox Agency, for 
the nomination of candidates to the Territorial Le^r- 
islature from the nineteen disfranchised counties, 
and it nominated, as such candidates, Samuel J. 
Stewart, Christopher Columbia and John Curtis. 

On the Fourth of Juh', 1857, a celebration was 
held in the grove north of Greeley, where C. E. 
Dewey, J. Y. Campbell and others delivered ora- 
tions, and patriotic songs and toasts by the patri- 


Otic people, appropriately commemorated freedom's 
birth. It was a season of refreshment, where all 
the hardships of 1776, as well as those of their own 
days in the Territory, were rehearsed. Manv of 
them had passed through trying scenes and strug- 
gles to pro\'ide homes for themseh'es and families. 
A stream of emiijration from the north had beijun 
to flow into the Territory, which brightened their- 
hopes and kindled the anticipation that their success 
was near at hand. 

June I. 1857, George Wilson was commissioned 
notary public, and qualitied before Judge Cato, at 

February 16, John Anderson was commissioned 

September 21, a voting precinct was established 
at Hyatt, and Isaac Pilcher, B. D. Benedict and 
A. Mc Arthur were appointed judges ; also, a pre- 
cinct was established at Cresco, and C. H. James, 
Daniel Long and John Eaton were appointed as 
judges for the October election. 

October 7, 1857, the board of county commis- 
sioners divided the county into municipal townships, 
and established their boundaries, and named them 
as follows : Walker, Monroe, Jackson, Reeder, 
Madison, Washington, Geary, Harrison, Clay and 
Franklin. The townships of Madison, Geary, Clay 
and Franklin were never organized, and the terri- 
tory embraced in their limits has since been included 
in other townships. 


November 25, 1857, B. F. Ridgeway was ap- 
pointed county surveyor, by tbe board of county 

November 16, M. T. Williams was appointed 
county clerk by the board of count}^ commissioners. 

A mass meeting of the citizens of Anderson 
countv was held in the timber near the residence of 
A. Simons, on the 15th of August, 1857. Wm. 
Puett was elected chairman, and J. G. Reese, sec- 
retary. The meeting was addressed by Dr. J. G. 
Blunt, who stated the object of the meeting ; also, 
W. F. M. Arny, Dr. Rufus Gilpatrick, D. B. 
Jackman and William Spriggs made addresses. 
A committee of nine was appointed to report candi- 
dates for county offices ; also, for representatives to 
the Territorial Legislature, on motion of Dr. Gil- 
patrick ; and on the adoption of this motion. Judge 
Arny and others withdrew from the meeting a short 
distance, across a ravine, and organized another 
meeting. Arny and his friends were opposed to the 
meeting doing any act that would recognize the bo- 
gus laws, or yield obedience thereto. The commit- 
tee reported the names for candidates, as follows : 
Samuel Anderson, for probate judge ; G. K. Cook, 
for slieriff : James Fitten, for coroner; A. Simons, 
for clerk ; Isaac Hiner, for treasurer ; William Puett, 
for assessor : B. F. Ridgeway, for surveyor ; for 
justices of the peace, James Sutton, Samuel Mack, 
William Smith and Rezin Porter ; for constables, 
John Anderson, Oliver Rand, William H. Ambrose 


and Benjamin Clark. The following persons were 
chosen delegates to the district convention, to be 
held at the house of Mr. Grant : James Hanway, 
James Snodgrass, W. O. Cloud, Samuel Anderson, 
Dr. Thos. Lindsay, Isaac Hiner, John B. Stitt, Da- 
rius Frankenberger and W. L. Webster. John B. 
Stitt was nominated as a candidate for representa- 
tive to the Territorial Legislature. The following 
gentlemen were appointed to confer with other 
county delegations of this district, in regard to the 
nomination of candidates for representatives : Sam- 
uel Anderson, Dr. Lindsay, D. Frankenberger, 
John Pr3or and G. A. Cook. 

Arny and his friends organized their meeting by 
electing Isaac Hull, chairman, and S. P. Hand, sec- 
retary, when speeches were made b}^ Arny, D. 
B. Jackman and Wm. Spriggs against going into an 
election under the bogus laws. The meeting adop- 
ted a long series of resolutions, among which were 
the following : 

•• Hesolvcd. . That we will use all legal nieaii8 to resist 
ever}' attempt to force upon us a Territorial government, 
and taxation to sustain such government, Avhicli is in vio- 
lation of the constitution of the United States and the or- 
ganic act ; therefore, 

•^lesolved. That Ave will use all legal means to resist 
every attempt to force upon us a Territorial government, 
and taxation to sustain such government. Mhich is in vio- 
lation both of the constitution of the United States and 
the organic act of the Territory."' 

Then follow several resolutions, censuring the 

74 niSTORV OF 

Territorial Legislature, at its prcxious session, for lo- 
cating tlie countv seat and providing for llie erec- 
tion of county buildings, without first submitting the 
matter to a vote of the people : and declaring that 
the meeting repudiated such acts, as tending to the 
disturbance of the peace of the county, as follows : 

'' Whereas. The new appoi-tioiniieiit iuid atlenipt under 
it to (listVanchisc nineteen counties (of wliicli we are one), 
gives us just I'eason to Itelieve the future will he. as tlie 
past, whicli has heen marked by injustice, and a (h'ternii- 
nation on tlie jtart of those who profess lo act under the 
so-called Territorial laws, to depri\<' us of a full and fail- 
representation ; therefore. 

"Kesolved, That a connuittee of ti\ e persons he ajjpoin- 
ted by the chairman, to obtain an expression of the citi- 
zens of that portion of Kansas, and to obtain, if deemed 
practical, a nomination of a person to fully rei)resen1 the 
nineteen disfranchised counties in the Territorial Lejiisla- 

The chairman appointed on this committee, 13. B. 
Jackman, Richard Mills, Solomon Kauffman, J. A. 
Harvev and B. L. Adin^jton. 

On the 25th of August, 1857, the following re- 
quest for a Free State convention was issued in An- 
derson county : 

''At a mass con\('nti(»n of the Free State party of An- 
derson county, the undersig-ned were chosen a committee 
to confer with the citizens of the other counties compris- 
ing the Tenth council district, to take sncli steps as nun- 
be necessary for the holding of a convention for delibera- 
tion and council. The apixtrtioniuent, as made, is not to 
be changed. We are associ:|,ted with Linn. Lykins and 
P"'ranklin counties, together Mith a large i)ortion of South- 


cm Kansas. No district cominittee, rfSifulaiiy eleftetl. is 
autliorized to call a convention. By the express wish of 
the people, in convention assembled, we assume the re- 
sponsibility. We ask you to waive all seeming iiu'eifular- 
ity in our call, and to meet in Osawatomie on Monday, 
September 15. at ten o'clock a. m.. for the purpose of nonii- 
natinji" a suitable person to represent the Tenth district in 
the next Territorial Legislature, if the best interests of the 
party require ; also to transact such other business as the 
committee may (h?em necessary. 

"David B. Jackman, 
••Richard Mills, 
••J. A. TIakvey, 
'•Solomon Kaukfman, 
*• B. L. Adinuton, 

•• County Committee." 
On the 15th day of September, 1857. a Free State 
convention was held at Hyatt, for the nomination of 
candidates for county officers. Isaac Hull was elec- 
ted president, and S. W. Kilbourne, secretary, ^y. 

F. M. Arny addressed the meeting, and the follow- 
ing nominations were made : For probate judge, 
Solomon Kauffman : county commissiohers, James 
C. Hauser and Ephraim Coy: county clerk, C. J. 
Farley : sheriff, C. E. Dewey ; treasurer, William 

G. Nichols ; surveyor, B. F. Ridgeway ; coroner, 
Dr. Kerr ; assessor, Jeremiah Brown : justices of the 
peace, D. B. Jackman, Greeley; Dr. Thos. Lind- 
say, Garnett ; B. L. Adington, North Pottowatomie, 
and R. D. Chase, Cresco : constables, Samuel Kil- 
bourne, Jesse McDaniel, A. D. Jones, and Jacob 
R. Shields. The following resolutions were passed 
by the convention : 


*• U'lKM-cas, The cxanipleof our lorcfatliiM-s has taiiiilit iii^ 
t(» resiist every atteinpl wiiicli may bo made to distVancliise 
us as citizens : and whereas, the system of distrietiii<i- and 
apportionment lor mend )ers to the Territorial Leo-ishitureof 
Kansas shows an iin(|uestional)le deterndnation to dei)ri\ c 
us of our ri.uhts as citizens, in tliat it provides no represen- 
tation in either brancii of tlie lA-yishiture for nineteen 
counties, includinji- nearly half tlie poi)ulation of the Ter- 
i-itor\ . thus placing- us in the position of the patriots of the 
revolution who were taxed and refused representation: 
and whereas, the course [)ursued l)y the constitutional con- 
vention at its session at Lecomi)ton last week, in regrard to 
the members elect to represent this county in that conven- 
tion indicates that we are not to i)e allowed a rei)resentative 
in that body, or a voicre in regard to its action : therefore. 

'• Resolved. That we. the citizens of Anderson county, 
approve the course pursued by the two deleg'ates from our 
county in tlieir demand for tlie return of their certiticates 
from the constitutional convention, which we consider to 
be a denial of our right to be represented, and illeg'al. on the 
grounds that this and other counties are not represented. 

"Resolved. That we will nuike one more effort to be 
represented in the Territorial Legislature, in proportion 
to our poi)ulation. 

"Resolved. That John McDaniel, of South Pottowato- 
mie, and J. B. Stitt, of (ireeley, be candidates, as regular 
delegates, in the Territorial Legislatui-e." 

On the 5th day of October, 1857, the first elec- 
tion was held in the county for county officers. Onh' 
four precincts made returns of this election to the 
count}' commissioners. The following is the vote 
had at this election : 



Canvass ok thk Elkction of Octohkk 5, 18.o7. 

(AN 1)1 DA'I'KS. 



Delegate to ('oujiiTss — 
' M. J. I'arrolt. 
E. Kansoni. 

( 'ouncilniau — 

11. r>. Slaiiditurd. 

Ui'prescntativt's — 

John Curtis. - 
Sanuu'l Stewart. 
V. C'ohnultia, 
Joliii McDanicl. 
-lohii 15. Stitt, 

Probate Jiuljif — 

Solomon Kaiitriiiaii. 
S. Anderson. 

County ( 'onuuissioners — 
James 11. Ilauser. - 
Epliraim Coy. - 
D. Fraid<enl»er<ier, 
John McDaniel. 


C. E. l)<'\vev. 
(t. a. Cook". 

County Treasurer — 

\V. (t. Nichols, - 
T. Fitten. - 
Isaac I liner. - 

Recorder — 

C. J. Farley. - 
A. Simons. 

Surveyor — 

*B. F. Hi(l<-e\yay. 
Justices of the Peace — 

D. B. Jackman. 
T. Lindsay, 

H. AVillianis, - 
15. L. Adinjiton, 
R. D. Chase, - 
James Sutton. - 
Samuel ^lack. 
AV. Smith, - 














































67 I 195 
































The ••Herald ot" Freedom.'" speaking of the Oc- 
tober election, 1H57, in Anderson county, says: 

••A(liii.ul<>ii.;5() loO: ('r»'sc().;>r) to 1 : Hyatt. 60 to 0: Sliaii- 
iion. 6H to 1; llif whole vote for llic Free Stale ticket is 
•.'."i7. to '2 for Itaiisoiii. or i;50 to 1. for freedom. ()f course 
Ilie wliole ticket was elected. it is i'e})orted at Lecouiptou 
that 1 he entire vote, save such as was cast at Shannon, will 
tie rejected.'* 

I'll is vote was not canvassed until the 26th of 
November, 1857. On the canvass of the vote the 
probate judge threw out all the returns except the 
Shannon precinct, and made the following order on 
his record : 

•'Shannon, the County Seat of .Vnderson County. Terri- 
tory of Kansas, the •26lli day of November, A. I). 1857: 
That all the above preeinets, except Shannon, have been 
thrown out. by ordei' of tiie jud<i"e of the probate, in and 
foi- Anderson county. Kansas Territory. 

■• (Jkoi^oI': Wilson. 
•• Jud'i'e of the Pi'obate in and for the County of Anderson. 

Kansas 'i'erritory."" 

And on the 28th day of November, 1857. the fur- 
ther order in the matter appears on the record of 
the proceedings of the count}' commissioners : 

••'['lie boai-d of county coinniissioners met tliis *28th day 
of Xoveniber. 1857, (ieorge Wilson as president, and .John 
McDaniel as associate (a called meet inu). beijiu' present, 
(jleorj^c Wilson. Judoe of probate in and for the county of 
Anderson. K. T.. decided that the Shannon precinct shall 
stand accordinu' to the jioll book of Octobei" 5, 1857. 

•• M. 'l\ 

" ( lerk of the Coni't." 

Judge Wilson wrote Govern<jr Stanton the follow- 


ing letter in explanation of his action in rejecting the 
votes cast at the precincts of Hyatt, Adington, 
Cresco and Groelev : 

•■ Shiiinidii. tlic (■((Uiily <i';il of Aiulcr^oii county, Iv. T.. 

■• Dcccinhcr 1. A. I). IS.".?. 

••To his lidiiorahlc cxcrllcncy. F. 1*. SiaiUon. Sccrctarx 
ot the Territory of Kiinsas. and actiiiil" (iovcrnor: Hcla- 
tivc to all of the pri-chicts. cxcrptinj:' Shannon: First, in 
Pfizard to the precinct of (ireeiey (or Blunt ), is not pro]jerly 
authenticated hy the jud<i"es. nor tiie clerks at the foot 
<>fther(dl. Hei:ard> tlic precinct of I lyal t . every species 
of fraud was practiced at tlie poll>. Also, in Adinjiton 
the same species of frautl w as practiced. IJoljin^on's pre- 
cinct, it is believed, a jireat nunil)er of illciial votes were 
sent there. These are my reason- for throwini:' these pre- 
cincts out. I sustain tlie precinct of Shannon, as it i.s tlie 
only lejj-al precinct in the county : altlioiiiih it is undecided 
whether the election was held on the county seat or Sam- 
uel McDanieFs, as it was held within the yard, or t)n tlu' 
line, a few feet from the section stone: and there is i)ut 
one difference in tiie footiniis at this ijrecinct, and that is 
hut one vote in the footin^T. which 1 ha\'e corrected, as you 
will see on tlie poll hooks. Therefore I have c(_)nie to the 
decision of allowinii' hut one ]irecini't . of Shannon. a> the 
<»nly leoal one in the county. Therefore I call u])on your 
excellency. a> judiic of the i)roltate, in and for the county of 
Anderson, to issue the commissit.ns for the respective ofH- 
cers as was elected in llii- jirecinct of Sliannon. the county 
seat of Anderson county, Kansas Territory. That there 
v.a> no division of the county into the different jirecincts 
properly authenticated, until two days after the election, 
Tlie board of county commissioners laid it ofi'into precincts 
without sendinji' any returns to the secretary, which ^\ as 
contrar\' to law. l{es])ectfull\ . your ob't. serv"t.. . 

••(ii:(). Wii-sox.'" 

This action of the probate judge gave the election 


to the following persons : Probate judge, Samuel 
Anderson ; sheriff, G. A. Cook : recorder, A. Si- 
mons ; treasurer, Isaac Miner ; county commission- 
ers, D. Frankenberger and John McDaniel ; sur- 
veyor, B. F. Ridgeway. Acting Governor Stanton 
issued commissions to all the persons so declared 
elected, bearing date November 28, 1857, and they 
all qualified under said commissions. G. A. Cook, 
A. Simons and D. Frankenberger refused to take 
the oath to support and sustain the law of Congress, 
commonly known as the "fugitive slave law." 
They took the oath with this omission. The other 
officers elect took the oath as prescribed by the laws 
of 1855. 

At the October election, 1857, councilmen and 
members of the House of Representatives in the 
Territorial Legislature were elected. Anderson, 
Franklin, Lykins and Linn counties constituted one 
council district, and elected one councilman from 
the district. Anderson county was one of the nine- 
teen counties that had but three members in the 
House of Representatives. At this election Samuel 
Stewart, C. Columbia and John Curtis were elec- 
ted to the House. This was called one of the nine- 
teen disfranchised counties. 

The members elected at this election composed 
the tirst Free State Legislature of the Territory. 

On the 29th of August, 1857, a Free State con- 
vention was held at Grasshopper Falls. G. W. Smith, 
of Lawrence, was elected permanent president, and 



the following delegates from Anderson county were 
present and participated in the convention : Solomon 
Kauffman, C. E. Dewey, D. B. Jackman, W. F. 
M. x\rny and Rufus Gilpatrick. This conven- 
tion was called to consider the question of most vi- 
tal importance to the people of the Territor}' — 
whether the government of the Territorv should be 
controlled by bona fide citizens thereof. This con- 
vention passed resolutions in favor of going into the 
election in October and electing officers. 

On the 22d of December, 1857, W. L. Webster 
was ^.ippointed superintendent of public buildings in 
Anderson county : and on the 23d of the same 
month M. Puett was appointed by the board of 
county commissioners assessor of the count^^ and 
was the first assessor of the county. 

In the fall of 1857 there was much sickness in 

Kansas. In the " Herald of Freedom" we find the 

following article : 

"It has been reported tliat iniieli sickness has been ex- 
perienced on Pottowatomie creek the past season. Mr. 
Arny informs us tliat at one time he had at his liouse 
twenty-six sick persons, whom lie took to his liome to 
nurse; most of tlu>m younji' )uen, who settled in the tim- 
ber and had been usino- creek water. Of this number 
three have since died ; and the remainder have recovered 
and o;one to their usual occupations." 

On the 5th of October, 1857, D. B. Jackman, 

Henry Williams, B. L. Adington, Dr. Thos. Lind- 

sav, R. D. Chase, Samuel Mack and James Sutton 

were elected justices of the peace ; and on the 23d 



of December, of the same 3'ear, Daniel Fraker was 
appointed coroner by the board of county commis- 

The Territorial Legislature in 1857 provided for 
the otiice of recorder by land districts. Anderson 
county was located in what was known as the Paw- 
nee land district ; and George A. Reynolds was ap- 
pointed land district recorder of the Pawnee ( or 
Lecompton ) district. The law provided for putting 
on record in the office any deed, mortgage, or 
other instrument affecting titles to real estate ; that 
the instruments would have the same binding effect, 
when tiled in said office, as if recorded in the county 
where the land was situated. The result of es- 
tablishing this office at Lecompton was that most of 
the instruments affecting real estate, for three or 
four years, were recorded in this office ; and when 
Quantrell made his raid on Lawrence, on the 21st of 
August, 1863, the records of this office being in 
Lawrence, were destroyed ; and there are many 
pieces of land in this county, the titles of which 
were recorded in this office, and no record or 
transcript of the same can be found. 

The "Herald of Freedom" of September 19,1857, 
has the following under the head of "Mail Routes 
in Southern Kansas :" 

''All towns and localities that desire mail fat-ilities are 
reqnested to communicate witli W. F. M. Arny, Hyatt, 
Kansas, previous to the 25th day of October, and to fur- 
nish him all necessary information with regard to routes 


(le?iired. and location of offices;. In accordance with his 
appointment by the railroad and mail route convention, 
held at Hyatt, Kansas, and Butler, Missouri, he expects to 
start to Washington City about the tirst of November, and 
will attend to any business during- his sojourn there that 
may be placed in his hands, so that the present irregulari- 
ties in the mails and routes may, if possible, be corrected." 


Commissioners to Attend Voting Precincts — 
Election Under the Lecompton Constitution — Res- 
ignation of County Officers — Appointment of 
Agent to contest claim — Election of Delegates to 
Leavenvjo rth Co n stitu tio nal Co n ventio n — Electio n 
of County Officers — Election on Leavenworth Con- 
stitution — 'Jurisdiction of Probate fudge — Troubles 
in Western part of county — Contract to Erect Pub- 
lie Buildings — l^ote on Lecompton Constitution. 

There was much dissatisfaction among the peo- 
ple over the action of the probate court in throwing 
out the votes of three townships, and declaring the 
persons who received the highest number of votes 
at Shannon precinct elected, and there was dissatis- 


faction with the acts of the count}' commissioners, 
who, on the 30th of November, 1857, entered into 
a contract with Dr. Preston Bowen to build a jail 
and court house at Shannon, and made an order ap- 
propriating $1,000 for that purpose. 

On the i8th day of January, 1858, the board of 
county commissioners, in order to ascertain the wish 
of the people, submitted the matter to a vote, under 
the following order : 

'' It ii^ ordered by tlie board that a si)ecial coinniissioner 
be appointed to at lend to the (deetion I0 l)e behl on the 
'2(5tli inst.. in eacli i)recinct, for the purpose of ascertaining 
tlie will of the peoi)le on the buildiii"- i)ropositions : for or 
against the resignation of county officers; and also, to as- 
certain tlie w ill of the people as to the proi)riety of pro- 
ceeding with the i)resent proposed county building."' 

The following named persons were appointed as 
special commissioners to attend the several voting 
precincts : W. L. Webster, Central City precinct ; 
D. D. Judy, Pottowatomie precinct; Wm. Bayles, 
Shannon precinct ; James Y. Campbell, Hyatt pre- 
cinct ; Luther Fitch, Adington's precinct. 

January 29, 1858, the returns of the election held 
on the 26th of January were canvassed, and the 
board made the following record of the canvass : 

" Upon counting tlie returns made b\ the commissioners 
a])i)ointed to take the vote on tlie resignation of the county 
otticers and i)ublic building, it was found that .5H votes were 
cast for the resignation of otRcers and 2.') against ; for the 
erection of i)ublic buildings. 28; against, 70." 

After the canvass of the vote the county officers 
made out their resignation, as follows : 


" Wlioreas. Tlic officers of Aiulerson i-oimty. luiv- 
\i\^' learned that tliere was dissJatisfaetiou J!iiioii<i' tiie 
|)eople of said eouiity in regard to their retaining- the offi- 
i-es to wiiieli they were coinniissioned. on aceount 
of the disfrancliiseinenl of a majority of the vo- 
ters at the October election: and whereas, the board of 
idunty connnissioners. al their rejiular term on the 18th 
dav of Januarv. I808. ijassed an order subinittiiiii' the mjit- 
ter to a vote <»f the people al the election for counciliuen 
on the 26th day of January. I808 ; and whereas, a majority 
<if the votes polled on that day were in favor of the pres- 
ent officers resiiiiiinii' their comniiss;ions : 

" IJesolved. That we will immediately turn over to the 
(iovernor of the Territory our resionations, (o tak(! effect 
from and after the tliird Monday in March. 1858. 

"Sami'ki. Anderson. 

•• Darh s Frankknbkrxikr. 

••John McDanikl. 

•Mt. a, Cook. 

"• A. Simons."" 

On the 2ist dav of December, 1857, an election 
was held for State otiicers and members of the State 
Legislature, under the Lecompton constitution. 
The vote of Anderson and Franklin counties, for 
Governor, was as follows : G. W. Smith, Free 
State, 577 : F. Z. Marshall, Pro-Slavery, 3 ; con- 
stitution, with slavery, i ; constitution, without sla- 
very, 10. 

In the apportionnient, under the constitution, the 
counties of Anderson, Franklin and Lvkins consti- 
tuted the Ninth senatorial district, and were entitled 
to one senator, and elected H. H. Williams to that 
office. The counties of Anderson and Franklin 

86 iiisTOKV or' 

constituted the Fifteenth representative district, en- 
titled to one representative, and elected Perry Ful- 

On the 4th day of January, 1858, a second elec- 
tion was held in the Territory, under the act of Con- 
gress of the 17th of December, 1857, on the adop- 
tion of the Lecompton constitution. There were 
177 votes cast in Anderson county, against, and none 

On the 29th of January, 1858, the board of county 
commissioners rescinded the order and contract it 
made on the 30th of November, 1857, appropriating 
$1,000 for the erection of county building. 

In the early settlement of the county a German 
family by the name of Schutte settled on the south 
branch of the Pottowatomie, near Greeley. They 
made their settlement before the public lands were 
surveyed by the government, and when the survey 
was made and the land divided into sections it was 
ascertained that Schutte had settled on section 1,6, 
which, under the organic act, was set apart for com- 
mon schools. The countv commissioners were no- 
tified by J. Y. Campbell and others that Schutte w^as 
living on a school section, and requested to com- 
mence proceedings to recover the same. On the 
nth day of March, 1858, the commissioners made 
the follow^ing order in the premises : 

'•At a spocial uicetinji' of tlic bo^rd of county coiinnis- 
sioiicrs of Anderson county, and Territory of Kansas, for 
tlie i)urj)ose of appointing an a<»cnt for the aforesaid ci)unty 


to pro!<(MMito the claiin of tlic county in the land ofticc 
!\oain><t Zat'harias Scliiittc. sen., and Zai-liarias Sclmtte, jr., 
and to take such other step.^ as nuiy in Ins opinion be nec- 
essary to secure the county in the lejjcal possession of the 
oast lialf of section No. 86. lownshij) 19, range 20." 

And the board then appointed James Y. Camp- 
-bell as agent to represent the county in the contest 
for the lands : and under the appointment as such 
agent a large number of witnesses were taken to the 
land office at Lecompton to carry on the contest, but 
to no avail, as the county had no interest in the land, 
and could claim no right adverse to the settlers, as 
the land was not set apart for the county, but for the 
common schools. The contest cost the count}' about 
four hundred dollars. It was a mistake of the com- 
missioners that the tax payers had to meet, and at a 
time when the assessment roll was small. A few 
such mistakes as this, made about this time by the 
commissioners, caused the orders of the county for 
nine or ten years to be hawked about and sold 
at from 40 to 50 cents on the dollar, and dull sale at 
that price ; and merchants were reluctant to take 
them even for goods. 

On the 9th da}^ of March, 1858, an elecdon for 
three delegates to a constitutional convention to 
frame a State consdtution and State government, 
w^as held. W. F. M. Arny, William Spriggs and 
W. L. Webster were elected as such delegates. The 
convendon assembled at 9 o'clock a. m.,on the 13th 
of March, 1858, at Minneola, and elected James H. 


Lane as president, and then adjourned to Leaven- 
worth to reassemble on the 25th of March. 

On the reassembHng ot the convention and the 
appointment of committees. General Lane resigned 
his position as president of the convention, and Mar- 
tin F. Conway was elected. This was known as 
the Leavenworth constitutional convention. 

On the 1 2th dav of February, 1858, the Territo- 
rial Legislature passed an act relating to the election 
and duties of county officers. This law^ provided 
for the election of a township board in each town- 
ship, composed of three supervisors, with a clerk and 
treasurer. The countv board of countv commission- 
ers was changed to a board of supervisors, and con- 
sisted of the chairmen of the board of supervisors 
from each township, a majority of which constituted 
a quorum. The law provided for an election on the 
fourth Monday of March, 1858, for probate judge, 
sheriff, county surveyor, register of deeds, county 
clerk and county attorney. 

At this election the following county officers were- 
chosen : Probate judge, J. Y. Campbell ; sheriff, 
G. A. Cook ; register of deeds, M. Puett ; surveyor, 
B. F. Ridgeway ; county attorney, John B. Stitt : 
and county clerk, B. L. Adington. 

The following persons constituted the first board 
of supei'visors : James E. White, Rezin Porter, 
John McDaniel, A. McArthur and Solomon Kauff- 
man. The first meeting was on June 2, 1858. At 
this meeting the board organized by the election of 


James E. White as chairman, and Benjamin Ading- 
ton as clerk. The members of this board of super- 
visors were from Walker, Monroe, Jackson, Reeder 
and Washington townships, being the only organ- 
ized townships in the county. 

On the i8th of May, 1858, an election was held 
for the adoption or rejection Df the Leavenworth 
constitution, and for the election of State officers 
and members of the Legislature. There were only 
six votes against the adoption of the constitution in 
this county. Anderson county was designated as 
the Twenty-eighth representative district, and was 
entitled to two representatives, and also constituted / 
the Seventeenth senatorial district, and was entitled 
to one senator. At this election John R. Eaton and 
John T. Lanter were elected members of the house, 
and James G. Blunt as senator. William Spriggs 
was elected as judge of the Fourth judicial district. 

The Territorial Legislature, in 1855, attempted to 
confer civil and criminal jurisdiction on the probate 
court, concurrent with the district court. After this 
the probate judges throughout the Territory held 
reoular terms of court, with the same officers and 
juries as provided for in the district courts. On the 
first Monday in September, 1858, the probate court 
of Anderson county held its regular term at Shan- 
non. This term of the court was presided over by 
Judge J. Y. Campbell, in which he had both grand 
and petit juries. The following are the names of 
the petit jurors : Wm. G. Nichots, T. G. Headly, 



G. W. Vandall, Wm. G. Hill, James Fulsom, EH 
P. Biiugus, D. Frankenberger, John H. Pattie, Wm. 
Davis, Jesse Sutton and C. J. Auckenvald. The 
follo\vin<,f are the names of the grand jurors : Paul 
Ross, Thomas Maloy, W. O. Cloud, Preston 
Bowen, John Tefft, A. D. Jones, C. W. Ballard, C. 

Chamberlain, Taylor, Benjamin Griffin, F. M. 

Glasscock, Wm. Rison, J. L. Bockover, Wm. Lam- 
bert, W. N. Bradwell, Hiram Tefft, Henry Alder- 
man, Wilson AndersQn and J. S. Robinson. The 
probate judge delivered a written charge to the 
jury, laying down the law that should govern them 
in the discharge of their duty, and delivered an 
address on the state of the country, which was 
about three hours in length This term of the court 
continued for several days, and several indictments 
were found, yet we are unable to tind any record or 
papers of the same. 

The district court sat in the county a short time 
after this, and decided that the act conferring civil 
and criminal jurisdiction on the probate court was 
in violation of the organic act, organizing the Ter- 
ritories of Nebraska and Kansas ; that the proceed- 
ings of the probate court under said act were void. 

Before this time man}' amusing cases had been 
tried in the probate court, and some ridiculous de- 
cisions made ; but they were all set aside by the 
federal judges, who held the law under which the 
probate judges had made the decisions unorganic. 

The second term of the district court in the 



caunty was held by Joseph Williams (one of the 
federal judges appointed by James Buchanan ), about 
the first of October, 1858. The following are the 
names of the petit jurors : Isaac Hull, W. D. West, 
John Kirkland, Henry Feuerborn, Benj. McClachey, 
James Sutton, James W. Culton, Leander Putnam, 
Thomas Bayles, Charles Norris and B. P. Brown. 
The following are the names of the persons who 
served on the grand jury: W. C. Howard, D. B. 
Swallow, Isaac Hiner, O. P. Rand, Samuel Hayden, 
A. Cassell, Benj. Lawellen, John R. Lambdin,John 
Eaton, A. W. Jones, George Simons, W. Smith, 
Joseph Benadum, Philip Engle, S. W. Arrant, W. 
McClure and H. South. This term of the court 
lasted one week. The grand jury returned a 
number of indictments, and the records of its pro- 
ceedings, being very meager, showing only the 
indictments and arrests, are the first records of a 
court to be found in the county. 

A short time before this there had been much 
trouble on the head waters of the Pottowatomie, 
along the line of Coffe}' and Anderson counties, 
where some of the better class of citizens settled, 
and some still live ; also, there was a class who re- 
spected no law but their own code ; and the result 
was a people's court, organized to determine the 
rights of men. They would neither respect the 
law nor its officers, hence the grand jury, in Octo- 
ber, 1858, found indictments against most of them, 
and caused them to be arrested. They gave bail. 



but were never tried, as the indictments were nearly 
all quashed at the April term of the district court, 
1859. ^^^^ federal judges seemed to be prejudiced 
against all enactments of the Legislature after the 
laws of 1855 had been repealed : and it was an im- 
possibiHtv to prepare an indictment that would be 
sustained by these judges. There was never a man 
punished in this part of the Territory by the decis- 
ion of any of the federal judges. 

No civil cases were tried in the district court of 
the county until the spring term, 1859. ^^^^ ^^'^^ 
original case commenced in the court was the case 
of Tobias Lankard against Hendrick Bowton, David 
P. Bethurem, David B. Shaner, David F. Tabler, 
L. L. Hayden, George Lincoln, Ezekiel Bull and Al- 
bert V. Poindexter. The petition was filed Septem- 
ber 27, 1858. Lane and Christian w^ere the attor- 
neys for the plaintiff ; Houston, Williams, Sims and 
Lowry were the attorneys for the defendants. This 
Wc^s an action of trespass, to recover damages for 
personal injuries, &c. The difficulty grew out of 
the troubles on the western border of the county, 
where the people undertook to redress their own 
grievances without the aid of the judicial branch 
of the government. A number of civil cases grew 
out of these troubles, as well as criminal prosecu- 
tions, but, to the credit of the county, the persons 
who created and promoted the troubles have left the 
country, and their places are filled w^ith industrious 
and honest citizens, and that is now one of the most 


desirable portions of the county, containing some of 
the finest farms in the State, and some of the most 
successful farmers. 
L On the 14th day of June, 1858, the board of su- 
pervisors of the countv entered into a contract with 
Dr. Preston Bowen for the erection of a jail and 
court house, at his own expense, and he obligated 
himself to have the building ready for occupancy on 
or before the first day of June, 1859. "^^ ^^^'^^ time 
Shannon was the county seat, and Dr. Bowen was 
the sole proprietor of the townsite. He soon after 
commenced the construction of the jail, and had it 
about completed in the fall of 1858, and commenced 
work on the court house during the same winter : 
but in the spring of 1859 ^^^^ Legislature provided 
for the location of the county seat of Anderson 
county by a vote of the people, and upon a vote of 
the people, in the same spring, the county seat was 
moved from the town of Shannon to Garnett, and 
the Doctor's contract failed. The county at on«e 
time had possession of the jail for the purpose of 
confining its prisoners. The old jail still stands, a 
short distance south of the residence of Dr. Bowen, 

Land is used by him for an out-house. 
On the 3d day of June, 1858, J. W. Denver, Gov- 
ernor of Kansas Territory, issued his proclamation, 
calling an election under the act of Congress of May, 
1858, commonly known as the English bill, for the 
adoption or rejection of the Lecompton constitution : 
said election to be held on the 2d day of August. 


irrsTORv OF 

Solomon Kauffman, C. C. Hoskins and Wm. H, 
Hamilton were appointed judg-es for Cresco pre- 
cinct; John n. Best, B. P. Brown and B, L. Ad- 
ini^ton, tor Ading-ton precinct; Isaac Pilcher, A. 
McArthur and B. D. Benedict, for Hyatt precinct ; 
John T. Barker, James Y. Campbell and Preston 
Bowen, for Shannon precinct; W. C. McDow, D. 
B. Jackman and J. W. Culton, for Walker precinct. 

The vote was as follows : For — Hyatt, o : Shan- 
non, 3 ; Cresco, i ; Adington, o; Walker, o; total, 
4. Against — Hyatt, 55 ; Shannon, 109 ; Cresco, 40 : 
Adington. 32 ; Walker, 70 ; total, 306. 

In the spring of 1858, about the time J. Y. Camp- 
bell was elected probate judge of the county, a dis- 
pute arose between him and Judge Anderson on the 
question of the jurisdiction of the probate court in 
criminal cases. Aitev considerable examination of 
authorities, neither of the judges was clear in the 
premises, and agreed to submit the question for de- 
cision to Dr. Bowen, and to be governed by his de- 
cision. The Doctor seated himself on a dr}' goods 
box, and the question was stated and argued by 
Campbell and Anderson : upon consideration of 
which, and being ad\'ised in the premises, the Doc- 
tor read the statute of 1855, conferring criminal 
jurisdiction on probate courts, concurrent with dis- 
trict courts, and decided that in his judgment the 
enactment was \'alid ; that he could see no reason 
why the probate court did not have criminal as well 
as civil jurisdiction, as provided in the law. This 



opinion was satisfactor}' to both old and new judges. 
During the time that Samuel x^nderson was pn*- 
bate judge there were several amusing trials in the 
probate court, and many ridiculous decisions made. 
As an illustration of the manner of conductinir busi- 
ness in his court, we give the following,' wherein the 
Territory of Kansas was plaintiff and Zacharias 
Schutte, sen., was defendant. Schutte had been in- 
dicted for trespass on school lands, and was arraigned 
on the indictment, and plead " Not guilty." His 
case was then submitted to a jur}-, under the instruc- 
tions of the judge, which returned a verdict of 
"Guilt}' ;" whereupon the judge proceeded to pro- 
nounce sentence against Schutte ; and after deliver- 
ing an amusing lecture to Schutte, on morals and 
Christianity, assessed a tine against him of $700. 
and that he be committed to jail until the tine and 
costs should be paid. At this most outrageous line 
Schutte became indignant, and defied the judge to 
enforce the judgment ; whereupon the following 
coloquy ensued : Schutte rising to his feet addressed 
the Judge : "Shudge, you vants my moneys — ■ 
von old humbug-maker ; I vant no trial mit you ; I 
vants to be tried mit der Governor. You bes von 
humbug. Now, Shudge, I vish you'd bring home 
my log-chain, vat you stole." At this expression 
the Judge turned to his clerk and ordered a fine to 
be entered against Schutte of $200, for contempt of 
court. At this Schutte became more furious, and 
said: ''Tish m}- moneys you vants, you d — d old 

96 irrsTOKVOF 

fool ! n (U'st humbug in dis United States I 

Bring home my log-chain vat you stole I" And the 
Judge assessed another tine of $200, and the same 
was repeated, until the tines in the aggregate for con- 
tempt amounted to $1 ,400, but wSchutte finally walked 
quietlv away, defying the court to enforce its orders^ 
threatening the Judge with an appeal to the Gover- 
nor in that event. The Judge, outwitted by Schutte, 
never tried to enforce his judgment. 

About the same time another interesting case was 
tried in the same court. Thomas J. Owen was 
plaintiff, and Dr. John Ramsey was defendant,. 
The action was for damages, because of the shoot- 
ing of a tine mare by Ramsey. A jury was em- 
panneled, and Alex. Mc Arthur called as witness for 
plaintiff, and the Judge proceeded to swear the wit- 
ness, as follows : '^ Mr. McArthur, stand up. Mr. 
Mc Arthur, you are a man of influence, that should 
be an example to those around you ; you have been 
called as a witness in this case. You are to be 
sworn to tell the truth, the whole tnith, and nothing 
but the truth. And now, Mr. McArthur, I desire to 
sa}'^ that if you don't swear to the truth I will prose- 
cute 3'ou for perjury, so help me God I Mr. 
McArthur, proceed and tell all you know about the 
case." As the last sentence escaped his mouth, he 
quietly settled back in his chair and was soon sound 
asleep, while the case proceeded. 

Many cases of about the same st\de could be 
given, to prove the business of the court was con- 



ducted without order or dignity, some of which may 
be noticed hereafter in this work. 





Convcntioi at Ottumtva — Election of Monbers 
of Territorial Legislature — Establishing Mail 
Routes in Southern Kansas — Free State Men called 
on to Defend Settlers in the Border Counties — Posse 
f-oni Coffey County arrest Settlers of Anderson 
County — Burning of Painter" s and Eox's Cabins 
by a Mob — Mara is des Cvgnes Massacre — John 
Brozvn s Parallels — Liberation of Slaves — Squat- 
ters" Court Oro-anized in Anderson, Linn and other 
Counties — First meeting of the Republicans of An- 
derson County. 

In September, 1858, a Free State convention was 
held at Ottumwa, in Coffey county, for the nomina- 
tion of candidates for members of the Territorial 
Legislature from the counties of Richardson, 
Davis, Wise, Breckenridge, Weller, Madison, 
Butler, Hunter, Greenwood, Bourbon, Godfrey, 
Allen, McGee, Woodson, Coffey, Anderson and 


Franklin, commonly known as the nineteen dis- 
franchised counties, entitled to three representatives. 
L. U. I^ailey, T. R. Roberts and William Springs 
were nominated by the convention. 

On the 4th of October, 1858, an election was 
held for members to the Territorial Legislature. At 
this election L. D. Bailey, T. R. Roberts and Wm. 
Spriggs were elected to represent these counties. 
William Spriggs was the tirst person from Anderson 
county who held a seat in the Legislature of the 

On the nth day of January, 1858, a mail route was 
established from Leavenworth to Humboldt, and 
service commenced on the route on the 24th ot 
April following, via Prairie City, Ohio City, Fair- 
view, Hyatt, Carlyle and Cofachique. The route 
was staked out from Ohio City to Fairview by Wil- 
liam Spriggs and others, in the latter part of ^Llrch. 
There was at the time a road leading from Fairview 
to Hyatt, via the Adington crossing of the Pottowato- 
mie, passing on the west side of Cedar creek until 
near Hyatt, where Cedar was crossed. A few da}s 
before the mail service commenced on the route. 
Dr. John W. Scott and others staked out the route 
from Carlyle to Hyatt. The mail was carried on 
this route by Zach. Squires ; was at first onh* once 
a week, on a small mule, but soon after tri-weekly, 
in a two-horse hack. Squires also acted as express- 
man, there being no express line along the route, 
and seldom charged the people along the line for 



small packages, and other articles, and was accom- 
modating and of good service to the settlers. 

In 1859 ^^^ route was changed from the west side 
of Cedar, via Garnett, and in the spring of that year 
a postotiice was established at Garnett, and Dr. 
Thomas Lindsay was appointed postmaster. The 
first mail received in the town of Garnett was in 
May, 1859 — consisting of about twentv-five letters 
and fifty papers. 

On the 31st of March, 1858, the following mail 
routes were let in Southern Kansas : No. 15007, 
from Butler, Missouri, by Moneka. Hyatt, Hamp- 
den, Burlington, Ottumwa, California, Florence, 
Emporia, to Council Grove : 150 miles; No. 15016, 
from Osawatomie to Walker ( now Greeley ) ; No. 
15026, from Shermanville, bv Cedar Bluff, to Cof- 

On the 19th of December, 1857, notice was sent 
bv Capt. James Montgomery to the Free State men 
of Anderson county, to raise all the men with arms 
they could and proceed to the Free State camp on 
Sugar creek, west of Mound City, for the purpose 
of defending the homes and property of the Free 
State men, which were threatened by an army of 
Border Ruffians then in Bourbon county, near Fort 
Scott. That day and night were spent in gathering 
up recruits ; and early next morning about fifteen 
men started from Reeder township for the Free 
State camp, and among the number were John S. 
Robinson, Solomon Kauffman, Samuel H. Hill, Wm. 


G. Hill, David S. Eaton and Wm. G. Eaton ( the 
names of the others we have forgotten), together 
with a number of Free State men from Pottowato- 
mie. They found a hirge number of the Free State 
men in camp near Danford's mill. General James 
TI. Lane, Montgomery and Wm. A. Phillips (now 
a member of Congress) were the leaders. They 
then marched to Fort Scott and returned, and \^'ere 
disbanded and admonished to quietl}', in small 
squads, return to their homes, bearing the impres- 
sion that nearly tlie entire command was still in 
camp, which had the desired effect, as the Border 
Ruffians soon departed for their homes in Missouri. 
The party from Reeder township returned on Christ- 
mas day. 

On the 5th of June, 1858, Charles Edwards, with 
a posse of men from Coffey county, came to Cresco 
to arrest Milan Grout, T. W. Painter, Christian Fox 
and Robert Crocker, on the charge of being horse 
thieves. They took Painter and Fox to Central 
City where the mob, headed by Edwards, of Coffey 
county, and Peter Walters, of Anderson county, un- 
dertook to give the prisoners a sham trial. The au- 
thorities at Garnett were notified, and on the next 
day (Sunda}') the sheriff, G. A. Cook, went to 
Central City : and the few law-abiding citizens of 
Reeder who were present succeeded in putting the 
prisoners into his hands, when he started with them 
to Garnett ; but before he had gone far the mob inter- 
fered and took the prisoners from him and put them 


under guard in the west part of a building then un- 
finished , and since used as a store and hotel by 
Stephen and Oliver Marsh. That night runners were 
sent out, and by noon of the next day about 200 
men had collected at Central Cit3\ A 3'oung law- 
yer by the name of Mitchell was passing through 
the place, observed the excitement, and inquired the 
cause ; and as the mob was about to organize a court 
to condemn and hang the prisoners, he mounted a 
store box and made a short speech in favor of law 
and order, and moved that the prisoners be turned 
o\er to the ci\'il authorities, which motion carried by 
four majority. The prisoners were then put into a 
wagon and guarded by a number of the law-abiding- 
men, with their muskets, and taken before Henr}- 
I Williams, J. P., for examination. No testimony was 
offered against the prisoners, except a statement of 
Edwards, which he claimed to have received from a 
horse thief whom they had hanged a week previous 
on the Neosho river. The circumstances of the 
lianging of the horse thief in Coffey count}' were 
that some horses had been stolen, and Edwards' 
mob had taken three men and huno- two of the num- 
ber till dead, and the other till nearl}' dead, and then 
let him down with the promise not to take his life if 
he would p'ive the names of those connected with 
them ; and in order to save his life he gave the names 
of about fortv persons in different parts of Kansas 
and Missouri ; then thev again hung him till dead. 
This was the only testimony offered ; and the justice 


released the prisoners, it then being after lo o'clock 
at night, on the yth of June, 1858. 

On the same night, a part of the mob la}- near the 
house of Mr. Grout, who was a justice of the peace, 
and absent from home on business, who returned 
well armed, so that they did not molest him. The 
other division of the mob went and set tire to the 
cabins of Painter and Fox, burning their clothing 
and provisions, leaving them penniless, and against 
whom there was not a shadow of suspicion. Grout 
had just come to Cresco with a stock of goods. 
Crocker had just come into the neighborhood, and 
w^as but little known. Painter remained in the 
neighborhood, built him another house, and contin- 
ued to improve his claim, and has outlived most of 
his accusers ; and still, with his family, resides on 
the same piece of land, respected by his neighbors 
and acquaintances. 

On the 19th day of May, 1858, Dr. John Hamil- 
ton, with twenty or thirty Pro-Slavery men from the 
neighborhood of West Point, Missouri, armed with 
muskets, revolvers and Bowie-knives, reached the 
Trading Post, in Linn county, and began the work 
of arresting Free State settlers. After arresting 
several they placed them in a w^agon and started 
toward the line of Missouri. When thev had ffone 
about three miles from the Tradintr Post others of 
their number came up with other Free State prison- 
ers. Here the prisoners were ordered to form in 
line, a few yards to the front, with their faces 


toward a ravine, which the prisoners did, and then 
Hamilton gave the order to hre on the prisoners, who 
were unarmed and unwarned ol the butchery that 
awaited them. The murderous command was 
obeyed, and ii\-e tell dead, and five wounded, and 
one slightly wounded, who was soon after shot 
through the head and killed. The others feigned 
that they were dead. The Ruttiajis robbed their 
bodies and rode awav, leaxino" them all for dead. 
The names of the murdered men were: Wm. Still- 
well, Patrick Ross, William Colpetzer, Michael 
Robinson and John F. Campbell. llie wounded 
were Wm. Hargrave, Asa Hargra\'e, Rev. B. L. 
Reed, Amos Hall and Charles Snyder. Col. Mont- 
gomer}' and others, with a part\' of men, pursued 
the murderers to the border of Missouri, near West 
Point, but returned without accomplishing anything. 
This was one of the most outrageous, dastardly mur- 
ders that e\'er took place on the soil of Kansas. This 
butchery was not noticed by the administration. 
Two of these Ruffians had been members of the 
Lecompton constitutional convention, to wit : Hamil- 
ton and Brockett. They sought to attest their de- 
votion to slavery by murdering Free State settlers in 
cold blood, in expectation that the Lecompton con- 
stitution would be passed by Congress, and enforced 
by the hireling legions of the administration. These 
men formed the plan for renewing the disturbances 
in Southern Kansas, for the purpose of securing to 
their Missouri friends the cabins of the Free State 



settlers, thereby preventing the stream of emignition 
from the North to Kansas, and facilitating the con- 
quest of the Territory to slavery. 

The following poem was written by John G. 
Whittier, in September, 1858 : 


A l)lusli at; of roses 

Where rose never jiTcw ! 
(ireat drops on tlie bunch-grass. 

But not of the dew ! 
A taint in the sweet air 

For wihl bees to slum! 
A stain that sliall never 

Hleach out in the sun I 

Haek, steed of the prairies ! 

Sweet song-bird, tiy back ! 
Wheel hither, bahl vulture t 

Gray wolf call thy pack I 
The foul human vultures 

Have feasted and tied ; 
The wolves of the Border 

Have crept from the dead. 

In the homes of their rearing. 

Yet warm with their lives. 
Ye Avait the dead onh . 

I'oor children and wives I 
I'ut out the red forge-tire. 

The smith shall not come: 
Unyoke the brown oxen. 

'IMie ploughuian lies dumb. 

Wind slow from tiie Swan's Marsh. 

dreary death-train, 
With pressed lips as bloodless 

.\s lips of the slain I 


Kiss down the youuii' eyelids. 

Sniootli down the gray hairs: 
Let tears queneli the curses 

That burn through your prayers. 

From the hearths of their cabins. 

Tlie tields of their corn. 
Unwarned and unweaponed. 

The victims were torn, — 
By the wliirhvind of murder 

Swooped up and swej)! on 
To the k)w reedy fen-hinds. 

The Marsli of the Swan. 

Witli a vain plea for nun'cy 

No stout knee was crooked : 
In tlie mouths of the rities 

Right manly they looked. 
How paled the May sunshine. 

Green Marais de Cygne. 
When the death-smoke blew over 

Thy lonely ravine ! 

Strong: man of the prairies, 

Mourn bitter and Avild ! 
Wail, desolate woman I 

Weep, fatherless (iliild ! 
But the grain of God spring:s u]» 

From ashes beneath. 
And the crown of His harA'est 

Is life out of death. 

Not in vain on the dial 

Tli(^ shade moves along 
To point the great contrasts 

Of right and of w'rong ; 



Fr(M' lioiiH's aiul IVi'c nltars 

And fi<'l»ls of ripe food : 
Tlic reeds of tlie Swan's Mai-sli. 

Whose bloom is of Idood. 

( )ii llie liiil<'ls of Kansas 

'I'liat hlood shall not dry ; 
Tleucefoi-th I he I5ad Anfi'cl 

Shall liannk'.ss j^o by : 
Ilencefoi-th to the suusel. 

UucluH-ked on her way. 
Shall liberty follow 

The march of the day. 

Soon after the Marais des Cvgnes murder, John 
Brown went to Missouri and forcibly liberated 
eleven slaves and brought them to Pottowatomie, 
near Greelev, where he remained in a cabin for 
about Qne month ; and while camped near Greeley 
he wrote his parallels. Althougli dated at "Trading- 
Post," ' it was written in this camp on the Pottowato- 
mie, in i\nderson county : 


" Trai)in<j Post. Kansas, January. 1859. 

'■ Gkntlemen : You will greatly oblijic a humlde friend 
by allowinji' the use of your eolunnis. while I brietl\ state 
two jiarallels, in my poor wa}'. 

"Xol one year a<i(). eleven quiet citizens of this neiji'h- 
boiliood. viz: William Robertson, William ('olpetzer, 
Anu)s Hall, Austin Hall. .John Ciinipbell. Asa Snyder. 
Thos. Stillwell, William Ihu\iirave, Asa liargrave. Patrick 
ivoss and 15. L. Ueed, were <<athered up from their work 
and their homes, by an armed force, under one Hamilton, 
and, williout trial or opportuiuty to speak in their own ch'- 
fense, were formed in line, and all but one shot — live killed 
and live wounded; one fell unharmed, ])relendin<i to be 


(lead. The only criiiic cliarji'cd :i<iiiiust tlicui was tlial <»f 
Ix'inii" FrtM' State men. Xow I iiujiiire what action lias, 
ever siuee the oetnirrem-e. in the least been taken, by either 
tiie President of the United States, the (Tovevnor of Mis- 
souri, tlie (iovernoV of Kansas, oi- any of their tools, or anv 
Pro-Slavery or administration men. to ferret out and pnnish 
the perpetrators of this crime ? Xom' for tlie other paral- 
lel : On Sunday. December 19. a ne<i:ro nian called Jim.- 
came over to tlie Osajfe settleiiK'nt jVom Missouri, and 
stated that he. together with his wife, two children and 
anotlier ne<iro num. were to be sold within a day or two, 
and begii'ed foi- hell) to<i"etaway. On ]\I()nday (the follow- 
ing') night two small companies wei'c ma(h' up to go to 
Missouri and foi'cibly liberate the tive slaves, togetlier 
with other slaves. One of these com])anies I assumed to 
direct. We proceeded to the ])lace, surrounded the building, 
liberated the slaves, and also took certain property suj)- 
posed to belong to the estate ; we, however, learned, before 
leaving, that a portion of the articles we had taken belonged 
to a man living on the plantation as a tenant, and Avas sup- 
l)osed to have no interest in the estate. We ])romptly re- 
stored to hiu) all we had taken. We then \\-ent to am)ther 
plantation, where we found tive more slaves, took some 
IM'operty and two white men. We moved all slowly aAvay 
into the Teri'itory for some distanc»\ and then sent the 
white men back, telling them to follow us as soon as they 
chose to do so. The other company freed one slave, took 
some ]u'opiM-ty. and. as I am inforuu'd. killed one white 
man (the master), who fought against the liberation. 

•• Xow for the com])arison : Eleven persons are forcibly 
restored to their natural, individual rights, with but one 
uum killed, and all "hell is stirred from beneath." It is cur- 
rently reported that the (Governor of Missouri has made a 
rcijuisitionupon the (ioveriu)r of Kansas for the delivery of 
alLsuch as were (;onoerued in the last named 'dreadful out- 
rage ;" the marshal of Kansas is said to be collecting a posse 
of Missourians (not Kansans) at West Point, in Missouri, a 


iittlf town jilHiiit tell miles dislaut, to enforce tlie law. All 
l'ro-Klav('r\ . con.sorvativc I^'ree State aiHldousih-faced men, 
and administration tools, are tilled with holy horror. 

•'('onsidei- the t\V(» cases, and llu' action of tlie adminis- 
tration party. Respectfully yours. 

•'John Bhown." 

This bold transaction on the part of Brown pro- 
duced considerable excitement thrbughout the Ter- 
ritor^' and the whole country. The Governor of 
Missouri offered a reward of three thousand dol- 
lars for the arrest of all those who had participated 
in the matter. The President of the United States 
also offered a reward for the body of John Brown, 
and John Brown, as a compliment to Buchanan, 
offered a small reward for the bod}' of the Presi- 
dent. After remaining in camp about one month 
he proceeded with the eleven liberated slaves 
through Northern Kansas, Nebraska and Iowa, and 
arrived safe with them in Canada in the following 
spring. This party increased one by the birth of 
a child while in camp near Greeley. The child was 
named Capt. John Brown. This wa^ Brown's final 
departure from the Territory. 

In the first settlement of the county came a class 
of men who had been reared on the frontier, and 
had kept in advance of civilization, and had gener- 
ally made their living by speculating in claims on 
government lands. These men would settle along 
the streams in the neighborhood of the finest bodies 
of timber and finest bottom lands ; and the first thing 
after settling they would go over the most desirable 


tracts of land and drive down a stake, and write the 
name of some person as having selected the land for 
a claim, and in this way take all the most desirable 
and valuable pieces of land, and when a stranger 
came in search of a tract of government land to set- 
tle upon, these speculators would inform him that 
all the claims worth settling upon had been taken, 
but that here was the agent of a man who had selec- 
ted a claim, and that the claim was for sale, as the 
claimant had a chance to get another claim by going 
to the Verdigris or Fall rivers, as that was the near- 
est that claims could be taken. The stranger, sup- 
posing that the claim had been honestly selected, 
and thinking it better to purchase than to go fur- 
ther into the Territory, would thus be compelled to 
pav from one hundred to two thousand dollars. The 
purchaser would erect a cabin, and then start for 
his family, and on his return would often tind that his 
claim had been sold again, and the second pur- 
chaser occupying it with his family ; and that the 
speculator, with his gold in his pocket, had gone to 
other fields of profit for further speculation. These 
claims were a source of perplexing contest in the 
United States land office, and at the end of the con- 
test both parties would have expended as costs more 
money than the claim was worth. Whoever suc- 
ceeded in the suit had to borrow funds of some 
speculator to pre-empt the land, giving a mortgage 
on the land for the same, paying an enormous in- 
terest for the money, and at the end of the year the 


speculator j^ot the land tor the morti(a<,^e : and the 
land cost the speculator about one dollar per acre. 
The setder had the gratificadon of havin<r been the 
owner of a quarter-section of land for one or two 
years, and of having put two years" improvements 
and hard labor on the land to pay for money to pre- 
empt the same, and to pay costs in a contest in the 
United States land office. Kansas has been no ex- 
ception to such controversies and luxuries, common 
to most new countries. 

In November, 1858, a Free State squatters" court 
was organized in the counties of Linn, Anderson 
and Bourbon, for the trial of contested land claims, 
&c. In order to inspire terror, the judge of this 
court was called "Old Brown,"" although Capt. John 
Brown was in Iowa at the time. Dr. Rufus Gilpat- 
rick was elected judge of the court. The witnesses 
in this court were sworn on Dr. Gunn"s "Family 
Physician,"' as no Bible could be found in the neigh- 
borhood. None of the cases tried by this tribunal 
were ever appealed, as it was generally believed that 
it was a court from which no appeal would lie. Ma- 
jor Abbott and Rev. Stewart ( commonly known as 
the fighting preacher), went around with this court 
to enforce the orders and decrees made at its ses- 
sions. The action of the court was entirely satis- 
f actor}' to most of the settlers. 

On the i6th of Januar}^ 1859, ex-Governor 
Epaphroditus Ransom and 116 citizens of Fort Scott 
petitioned the Governor to establish martial law in 


Linn. Bourbon, Allen and Anderson counties. 
The tirst meeting the Republicans of the county 
e\-er held was at Osawatomie, on the i8th day of 
May, 1859. They met in an old blacksmith shop, 
north of the Osage Valley House. Thev met for 
tlie purpose of electing delegates to the Osawatomie 
convention, for the. organization of the Republican 
party. The meeting organized by electing W. A. 
Johnson, chairman, and Alanson Simons, secretary. 
The following gentlemen were present. Dr. Rufus 
Gilpatrick, Dr. J. G. Blunt, Henry Nugent, D. G. 
Watt, John T. Lanter. Jacob Benjamin, George S. 
King, William Spriggs, G. A. Cook, A. Simons, S. 
J. Crawford. B. F. Ridgewa}', W. A. Johnson and 
W. F. M. Arnv. This meeting appointed Dr. 
Rufus Gilpatrick and Geo. S. King as delegates to 
represent Anderson county in the Osawatomie con- 
vention. Both Gilpatrick and King were present 
and participated in the proceedings of the Osavs'ato- 
mie convention, when the Republican party of the 
Territory was first organized. Dr. Gilpatrick was 
on the committee on resolutions, and one ot the 
most acti\'e members of "the convention. 


Attempt to Poison Bantu — Trial of Theodore 
Rover for Horse Stealing — His Suspicious Disap- 
pearance — Marriage of Lou. Phillips and Sarah 
Potter — His Death — Her Arrest for Murder — Ex- 
amination., Escape., Return, Re-arrest and Trial — 
Murder of "James Eozvry — Trial of his murder- 
ers — Conviction of Eord — His Pardon by the Gov- 
ernor — Trial and Acquittal of Tusteso)i and Knouff 
— Murder of Mrs. Ada line Duren — Capture and 
Execution of the Murderer. 

In 1857 a family named Banta settled on the 
South Pottowatomie, about tliree miles northeast of 
Garnett. The members of the family were Henry 
H. Banta, his wife Mar\^ O. Banta, and their three 
children. They came from Wisconsin, and were 
formerly from New York to that State. Banta 
was then a young man, yigorous and athletic. He 
was possessed of a considerable sum of money. He 
built a house on his claim, and commenced opening 
a farm, where he expected to make a home for him- 
self and family. His wife was possessed of beauty 
and personal attraction. There settled in the neigh- 
borhood, about the same time, a man named Jere- 
miah Brown, from Kentuck}', possessing neither 


beauty nor talent, money nor personal attraction, but 
was a sort of uncouth, daring character, represent- 
ing himself to be a widower. The young wife of 
Banta. from unaccountable reasons, became attached 
to Brown, and rumors of their undue familiarity be- 
. gan to circulate in the neighborhood. About that 
time Banta was taken ill, and lingered for a long 
time. It was suspicioned that he was suffering from 
the effects of poison, and. from the conduct of 
Brown and Mrs. Banta, it was belieyed that they 
had in this manner attempted to dispose of him. 
The suspicion grew so strong, and the sentiment so. 
increased against Brown, that he left the county in 
the nifjht time : and Mrs. Banta soon after left for 
California, where she soon after married another 
man. She left Banta in a helpless condition. He 
lingered for many months, and partially recoyered, 
with his lower extremities partially paralyzed, which 
rendered him unable to perform manual labor. 
Banta afterwards married a widow lady named Po- 
teet, and now resides in the city of Garnett, almost 
a helpless inyalid. 

In the fall of 1857 and the early part of 1858 a 
class of men came into the Territory for the pur- 
pose of speculating, haying no respect for any one ; 
and, in order to procure stock in trade, commenced 
borrowing horses in the absence of the owners. One 
of this class, in the winter of 1858, made his head- 
quarters on the North Pottowatomie, near the claim 
of Rezin Porter. His name was Theodore Royer. 



He was a young man, about 25 years of age, born 
in Ohio. Earlv in the spring of 1858 he commenced 
to gather in his stock of horses. He went to 
the house of Samuel McCush, near the town of 
Berea, and found ahorse that suited him, and in the 
darkness of the night he haltered and quietly rode 
him away. On the next morning McCush discoyered 
that his horse had been stolen, and soon learned that 
Royerhad been seen in possession of him. McCush 
then went before D. D. Judy, a justice of the peace, 
and procured a warrant for the arrest of Royer. G. 
A. Cook, sheriff, pursued Royer to the town of Bur- 
lington, arrested and brought him back to Anderson 
county for trial. Royer had a preliminary examina- 
tion before D. D. Judy, J. P., who held him in a 
recognizance to appear for trial at the next term ol 
the court haying criminal jurisdiction. Royer was 
committed to the jail of the county, being unable to 
giye bail. The sheriff kept him under guard for 
some time at his farm ; but the county commission- 
ers ordered the sheriff to haye the prisoner kept at 
Shannon, the county seat. So\ Samuel McDaniel 
was made deputy sheriff, and Royer was turned 
oyer to him, at his home near Shannon, vyhere Mc- 
Daniel placed Royer in irons. A certain class of men 
had been clamorous for the hanging of Royer ; and 
one morning soon after the prisoner was put in McDan- 
iel's care it was discoyered that Royer was missing. 
The circumstances were strong that the clamorous 
persons were guilty of his murder. The remains of 


Rover were never found, but there was no doubt 
that he had been hung and his remains sunk in the 
river. The people of the county never justified 
this outrageous mobbing of a prisoner, and it was 
regarded as a high-handed outrage against the law 
of the land. 

In the trial of Rover, before Justice Judy, quite a 
lively and amusing discussion occurred between D. 
W. Houston, who had been appointed to prosecute, 
and Samuel Anderson, counsel for defendant, on a 
motion to set aside the writ, for the reason that the 
warrant commanded the bodv of Rover to be 
brought before the justice, " dead or alive." An- 
derson, somewhat intoxicated, with the' warrant in 
his hand, addressed the court, reading the warrant 
to the words, " bring him forthwith, dead or alive ;" 
then, in a loud voice, said: ''Great Jewhilikins I 
who ever heard of such a warrant — to bring a man 
dead or alive I If this man had been dead and buried 
three davs, the officer must dig him up and bring liis 
stinking carcass before this right honorable court, to 
answer the charge of horse stealing.'' Houston re- 
plied to the argument in an amusing st3'le. 

In the years 1859 '"-^^^^ i860 there lived a family 
on the North Pottowatomie named Alderman, con- 
sisting of Alderman and his wife. In the winter of 
1859 '^"'^^ i860 a voung woman named Sarah Potter 
came to live with Alderman's family. She was a 
large, healthy, fine-looking lady. There lived, also, 
in the neifdiborhood a voung man, bv the name of 


Leon Phillips. Me was an industrious young man, 
of <»-ood character, and had considerable property. 
Durine- the winter, through the influence of Alder- 
man and wife, a marriage was effected between 
Phillips and Sarah Potter. Phillips and his young 
wife lived within a half mile of Alderman's, after 
their marriage, the families visiting back and tortli, 
and to all appearances the newly married couple 
were enjoying a high degree of marital happiness. 
Scarcely six weeks had elapsed until Philhps was 
taken severely sick, and some days afterward doc- 
tors were called, but Phillips hngered only a few 
days and died, but before his death the conduct of 
liis wife was such as to create suspicion against her. 
A few hours before his death she insisted that he 
should make a will, which he did, willing one-half 
of his property to his brother in Europe and tlie 
other half to his wife. The morning after the death 
of Phillips, and before he had been deposited in his 
irrave, his wife sent Alderman to consult with 
counsel to know whether or not the will could be 
set aside. In about three days after his burial her 
conduct had been so suspicious that the entire neigh- 
borhood believed that Phillips had come to his death 
by foul means : and a complaint was made before 
M. G. Carr, J. P., who thereupon empanneled a cor- 
oner's jury, and had the body taken up and exam- 
ined b}' Drs. Blunt and Lindsay, who gave it as their 
opinion that Phillips came to his death by arsenic 
poison. The coroner's jury returned a verdict in 


accordance with the opinion of the physicians, and 
that Sarah Phillips, Henry x\lderman and Hannah 
Alderman were guilty of the murder of Phillips. 
The\' were arrested and brought before Justice Hid- 
den for examination on the charge. The State was 
represented by W. A. Johnson, county attorney, as- 
sisted by W. Spriggs and D. W. Houston, and the 
defense by J. B. Stitt, S. J. Crawford, T. A. Shinn, 
R. B. Mitchell and Byron P. x\yres. On the pre- 
liminary examination Alderman and wife were dis- 
charged, but Sarah Phillips was committed to an- 
swer the charge of murder in the tirst degree. 
There beinu" no iail in the county, and none in this 
part of the Territory, she was kept in charge of the 
sheriff, under the orders of the county commission- 
ers, at the Garnett House. For two or three months 
she was allowed to receiye and entertain her friends 
at the hotel : but one eyening after supper, when all 
^yas quiet, a buggy was driven into town, and about 
II o'clock at night it was discovered that the pris- 
oner had made her escape, and no trace of her could 
be found. The grand jury that met at the next term 
of court foimd an indictment against her for the 
murder of Phillips. 

In 1862 she returned to Kansas, but in the mean- 
time she had been in Cincinnati, Ohio, and had mar- 
ried again. She was again arrested, and made a 
second escape, but was retaken before she got out 
of the county. At the September term of the court 
she had employed Wilson Shannon and G. W. 


Smith io (k'fend her : and at their instance the case 
was removed to I)oui>ias county tor trial. She was 
tried in Lawrence in the fall of 1862. The jur}' 
failed to agree, there being nine for conviction and 
three for acquittal. She was never again brought to 
trial : being admitted to bail, she fled tlie country. 

The cost of this trial to the county was over three 
thousand dollars. There was no doubt of the guilt of 
the prisoner, but owing to many of the witnesses be- 
ing absent, in the armv, she escaped the deserved 
punishment of the law. 

In the early settlement of the eastern part of the 
county, on Sugar creek, near where U.K. Robin- 
son now lives, settled a young man by the name of 
James Lowry. He was an industrious young man, 
with a wife and three children, and had opened a 
small farm, built a small stone house, and made 
other improvements. On the 15th of October, 1861, 
Lowr\' came in from his work in his field, went to 
his stable and took out his horse to dri\'e up his cat- 
tle from the prairie, and just as he attempted to 
mount he received a shot in the back, which pene- 
trated the spinal chord, causing death in a few hours. 
The shot was fired by some cowardly assassin from 
behind a stone wall. He escaped through the bnish and 
timber, and no one saw who tired it. The dastardly 
assassination caused i^reat excitement throuirhout 
the countr%'. The i^rand iury that convened in the 
spring of 1862, on investigating the matter, found an 
indictment against Nelson Tusteson, William Ford, 


E. .\V. Knouff and Luther Bacon tor murder in the 
tirst degree. The accused were soon after arrested 
and confined in the Paola jail until the special term 
of the district court in July, 1862. The defendants 
employed D. P. Lowe, W. Sprig-gs, J. G. Lindsay, 
Judge Hall and Samuel Stinson. The State was 
represented hy S. A. Riggs, Wilson Shannon and 
W. A. Johnson. The case came on for trial at the 
July term, 1862. and defendants asked for separate 
trials. William ^ord was tirst put on trial, occupy- 
ing two weeks, Avhich resulted in a verdict of "guiltv 
of murder in the tirst degree." He was then sen- 
tenced to be executed bv hani»^ino' bv the neck till 
dead, on the 5th of September, following. His 
case was carried to the Supreme Court, and before the 
court passed upon the case Governor Robinson par- 
doned him, which was one of his last official acts ; 
and there were man\- surmises as to whv the Gov- 
ernor pardoned him. The State entered a nolle 
prosequi as to Bacon, to use him as a witness. 
Knouff was put on trial at the close of Ford's trial, 
but the jurv failed to agree. Knouff and Tus- 
teson asked for a removal of the case from Ander- 
son county, which was granted, and the case re- 
moved to Franklin county for trial, and was tried 
there in 1863, and Knouff and Tusteson acquitted, 
on account of so many of the witnesses being absent 
in the arm v. 

x\ widow lady named Adaline Duren settled in 
Garnett in the summer of 1857. with her two chil- 


(Iren, Junius and Mary L. She uas one of -the 
Louisville colony, was about forty-tive years of age, 
quiet, industrious and highly respected. She sup- 
ported herself and children by her own industry and 
econom\'. She resided on Fifth avenue, between 
Oak and Walnut streets, in the house now occupied 
and owned bv Mrs. S. J. Hamilton. One evening 
in August, 1864, Dr. Derby was to lecture on the 
science of phrenology, and most of the people of 
the town (it being a pleasant e\ening) had gone to 
hear the lecture. Her son Junius was absent in Illi- 
nois, and her daughter, Mary, at the lecture : she was 
left alone, sitting bv the bureau, reading. After the 
conclusion of the lecture Mary returned and found 
the lamp burning, and saw the book she left her 
mother readin<i h'inir on the floor, and the doors 
open ; and on the floor near by was a pool of blood, 
but saw not her mother. She at once gave the 
alarm : and in a short time search was made and the 
body found at the northwest corner of the house. 
She was lying on her back, terribly mutilated, her 
skull broken on the left side, also near the top of 
the head, arid her head was almost severed from 
the body. On examination prints of a bloody hand 
were found in several places. A coroner's jury was 
empanneled and medical witnesses called, who ex- 
amined the body, and found that she had been out- 
raged as well as horribly mutilated. The whole 
community was startled at this horrible murder and 
outrage, and every one who could render any assist- 


ance turned out to find who was the perpetrator. The 
citizens early next morning met at Moler's Hall and 
organized for the purpose of finding the assassin. 
Two or three persons were brought in and ques- 
tioned, but nothing elicited that gave any clue to the 
murder. In the afternoon some bloody clothing be- 
longing to a negro named Warren, who was work- 
ing for D. W. Houston, was found. Warren was 
brought before the committee in Moler's Hall, and 
examined in regard to the matter. He then told 
many different stories concerning the bloody clothing, 
which were unsatisfactory : and on examination 
blood was found on his lesfs and shoes : and tindin<»' 
no sufficient excuse for the same, he confessed the 
crime, and gave a detailed account of the affair. 
He said he went to Mrs. Duren's house, where she 
was sitting" by the bureau readincr : that he had an 
ax in his hand, and stepped into the door, before 
she had time to get up, and struck her a blow on the 
head and knocked her out of the chair, on the floor, 
senseless, and then outraged her person ; then he 
got up and stood there a few moments, and she be- 
came conscious, and got up and went out at the west 
door, when he went out at the front door and went 
around and met her at the north end of the house, 
and struck her another blow with the ax and 
knocked her down, and then with the blade of the 
ax struck her on the neck, entirely seyering the bone. 
He outraged her twice after this, then threw the ax 
oyer the fence, and went to his room and to bed. 


After this confession the committee decided that in- 
asmuch as there was no jail in the count}', and no 
probability of the matter being heard by a court soon, 
and there being no doubt as to his guilt, and the 
countr\- beinu" in a state of war. that Warren should 
be taken out and hanged by the neck till dead. He 
\vas kept under guard until i o'clock p. m. on the 
following day, when he was taken to the scaffolding 
at the jail, then in process of construction, and pub- 
licly executed b\- hanging, in the presence of the 
largest number of persons that had ever assembled 
in Garnett. It was the work of a mob, but the state 
of the countr}', the enormity of the crime, and there 
being no doubt as to the guilt, w^ere such that the 
execution was justified by the entire people. 

This county has been as free from scenes of mob 
violence as any county of its age ; but this outrage 
was more than the people could bear, when in the 
midst of a struggle that threatened the liberty of a 
nation, and an invadinp" arm^' of rebels, under Gen- 
eral Price, sixty thousand strong, within a few miles 
of our border, which soon after we had to meet on 
the bloody field of carnage within twenty-five miles 
of the spot where this crime was committed. Had 
the country been at peace, our citizens would not 
have consented to the hanging ; and it can onl\- be 
justified on the ground that three-fourths of all the 
able-bodied men were absent in the service of their 
country, and their wives, mothers and dau<diters 
were at home, almost without protection, and at the 


same time many characters of Warren's kind were 
roaming about the country. It was a time when we 
could not fight the enemy and protect our families 
from such assassins, and guard our mothers, wives 
and dauirhters ao'ainst their fiendish outrai^es. We 
recoii'nize the fact that mob violence is terrible at 
any time : but this was its sternest phase, and a part 
of the history of our county, and we cannot now 
avoid u'ivinsi" it. 


I^irst Tax Levy — J 'aluation on First Assessment 
— Appointment of County Superintendent of Publie 
Instruction — Location of Territorial Roads — Elec- 
tion of Delegates to the Wyandotte Constitutional 
Convention — Adoption of the Constitution — Organ- 
ization of Political Parties — Election of State and 
County OJicers — Drouth of 1S60, etc. 

At a meeting of the board of supervisors on the 
25th dav of September, 1858, the following order 
was made and entered on the journal : 

"l?\()i-(U'r i»f tilt' l)oar(l. the clerk of tlu^ coiintv honrd 



of >iii)('r\ i>ors oi' Aiulci'soii coiiiily is licrcby ant liorizcd to 
coiTcct any iiiislakcs that may he discovered by said elei'k 
ill the proceediiijis of said board, and also to(bi all diitio 
recjuired of liini by law. bet ween this and the next iiieetin^' 
of said board." 

At thi.s meeting the first tax levy for county pur- 
poses was made : Six mills on the dollar on all the 
taxable property, as shown by tlie tax roll of 1858, 
for county purposes : two and one-hall mills for 
school purposes : and one and one-half mills for 
road purposes. The aggregate valuation of taxable 
property in the county in 1858 was as follows : Mon- 
roe township, $69,568.50: Walker township, $36,- 
888.00: Reeder township, ^"^26,355.00 : Jackson 
township, $24,737.00 ; Washington township, $20,- 
610.00; total, $178,158.50. 

This was the tirst assessment made in the count\', 
that is of record. There had been assessments 
made prior to this, but were not recorded. 

On the i6th of November, 1858, the board of 
county supervisors recommended John R. Slentz to 
the Governor as a suitable person to fill the othce of 
county superintendent of public instruction, and re- 
quested his appointment. On the 20th da}- of No- 
vember, 1858, the Governor commissioned him as 
superintendent of public instruction for Anderson 
county. He qualified, and was the first county su- 
perintendent. He was a minister of the gospel, and 
a christian gentleman, and made an efficient super- 

At the November session of the board of super- 


Visors petitions were presented for the location of 
live Territorial roads. One petition, signed bv W. 
F. M. Arny and twenty-tive others, for a road from 
a point on the Missouri line, east of Moneka, Kan- 
sas : thence west through the counties of Linn, An- 
derson, Coffey, Madison, Breckenridge and Wise, 
on mail route No. 15007. The board appointed 
James R, Eaton as commissioner to meet with com- 
missioners of other counties at Moneka on the third 
Monday in January, 1859, ^'^ locate the road. A 
petition signed by W. F. M. Arny and twentv- 
five others, for the location of a road from Law- 
rence to Humboldt, through Prairie Citv, Ohio Citv. 
P'airview and Hvatt, on mail route No. 15034. The 
hoard appointed Leander Putnam to meet with com- 
missioners of other counties on the third Monday in 
January, 1859, ^^ locate said road. A petition of 
W. F. M. Arny and twentv-li\e others, asking- for a 
road from Osawatomie, Lykins county, to Neosho 
CitA', throu<>"h Anderson and Coffey counties, on 
mail route No. 15023. The board appointed Darius 
Frankenberger as commissioner to" meet with com- 
missioners of other counties, on the third Monday 
of Januar3% 1859, ^^ Osawatomie, to locate the road. 
A petition signed by W. F. M. Arny and twenty- 
tive others, for a road from the Sac and Fox Agency 
to Cresco, to intersect the road from Jefferson City 
to Council Grove, on mail route No. 15007, and the 
road from Osawatomie to Neosho City, on mail 
route No. 15023. The board appointed as commis- 

126 irrsTOKV or 

siotuT A. W\C()l"t'. to nu'et with commissioners of 
other counties at vSac ami Fox Aoenc}',on the third 
Monchiv in January. 1859, ^*^ locate the road. And 
a ]ietition ol" W. F, M. Arny and twenty-tive others, 
tor a road t'rom the Osawatomie road, at Hyatt, to 
Le Rov. llie board appointed Charles Hidden as 
commissioner to meet uith commissioners from other 
counties at Hvatt, on the third Monday of Tanuarv. 
1859, ^^' locate the road asked for- The board, af- 
ter appointing" the commissioners, made the follow- 
ini;" order : 

•• III rcfci'ciicc h> 1 lie above petitions, it \s or(h'rc'(l that 
^\ licrr roads lia\(' ah'cady bccji located on any of the above 
specilicd routes that the coiiiiiiissioners l)e directed to 
a(b)itt tiieni."' 

All these roads were asked for by Aniy in the in- 
terest of the town of Hyatt, \\'ith a \iew of taking 
all the principal roads through Hyatt and around 
Garnett, as these towns were rixals for the county 
seat. The old maps of the Territory show all these 
roads as centering at Hyatt, and not one as passing 
through Garnett (^r Shannon, 

xArny was an acti\'e \yorker, and up to that time 
had succeeded in getting three mail routes through 
Hyatt, while Garnett had not eyen a postotiice, 
Arny managed to get the line of trayel from Osa- 
watomie to Hyatt along the meanderings of South 
Pottowatomie, passing Garnett about two miles on 
the south, and the trayel from Lawrence to Cofa- 
chique and Humboldt, by Fairvew\ crossing the 



Pottovvatomie at Adiiii^totrs crossing, near the resi- . 
dence now ol Wm. Rebstock, passing on the west 
yide of CecUir and crossing that stream west ot 

On the fourth Monday in March, 1859, ^I'l "-'lec- 
tion was held in each townsliip for the election of 
township officers, at which election a new board of 
supervisors was elected, and J. F. Wadsworth, John 
L. Adington, C. W. Fraker, James R. Eaton and 
Jolin B. Dildy were elected chairmen of the township 
boards, and constituted the supervisors of the county. 
On the loth day of May, 1859, ^1^*^}' organized bv 
electing J. F. Wadsworth chairman ; and on the 
same day Ozark township was organized, and G. 
W. Sands was elected chairman of the township 
board of super\'isors, and consequently became one 
of the countv board of supervisors. 

On the fourth Monday' in March, 1859, '^'^ election 
was held at the voting precincts in the Territory on 
the proposition of forming a constitution and State 
government for the State of Kansas. Of the one 
hundred and eightv-tive votes cast in the county only 
seven were against the proposition. 

On the first Tuesday of June, 1859, '^" election 
was held for the election of a delegate to a conven- 
tion to frame a State constitution. W. F. M. Arny 
and J. G. Blunt were the candidates. Blunt received 
98 votes, and Arnv received 93 votes, and Blunt was 
declared duly elected. 

On the first Tuesday of July, 1859, the delegates 


Ii8 HIST()K\' OF 

elected assembled at Wvandotte to frame the con- 
stitution, aftei-wards known as the Wyandotte con- 

On the fourth day of October. 1859, an election 
was held for the ratification or rejection of this con- 
stitution. Of the three hundred and forty-six vf)tes 
cast in the count\' at this election two hundred and 
sixtv were in favor of the adoption, and eighty-six 
airainst : and there were two hundred and six votes 
in favor of the homestead exemption clause in the 
constitution, and one hundred and nine against. 

The struggle between the friends of freedom and 
the friends of slaxervfrom 1855 to 1858 was conduc- 
ted with an utter disre<fard of the constitution of the 
United States and the Nebraska and Kansas bill, on 
the part of the Pro-Sla\'ery men. including the 
national administration. The friends of freedom. 
b\' uniting their efforts with ail classes of persons 
opposed to sla\ery, had now a complete victory over 
their opposers in the l\"rritor\' : and it had now be- 
come necessary to organize the political parties, 
preparatory to the national election that would take 
place in i860 — the great struggle that was to deter- 
mine the 'Mrrepressible conflict" between freedoni 
and slavery - 

On the 2 2(1 of August, 1859, '^ Republican mass 
convention was held at Garnett, at which con\'en- 
tion the Republican party of the county was organ- 
ized, by the election of S, S. Tipton as temporar\' 
chairman, and B. F. Ridgewa\-. secretarw James 



G. Blunt was elected permanent president, and C. 
J. Farley, secretary. This convention passed reso- 
lutions indorsing the Osawatomie platform of May 
18, 1859, ^""^ nominated candidates for county offi- 
cers and members to the Territorial Legislature, as 
follows : For representative to the Legislature. Dr. 
Thomas Lindsay : superintendent of public instruc- 
tion, Rufus Gilpatrick : probate judge, J. Y. Camp- 
bell : register of deeds, C. J. Farley ; county attor- 
ney, W. A. Johnson ; sheriff, G. A. Cook; county 
clerk, A. Simons : county treasurer, H. Cavender : 
coroner, Stephen Marsh ; surveyor, B. F. Ridge- 
wa}'. A central committee of nine was appointed, 
as follows : Wm. Spriggs, D. W. Houston, J. G. 
Blunt, W. A. Johnson, W. F. M. Arny, J. B. 
Lowry, S. S. Tipton, Henry Williams and J. B. 

On the — day of August, 1859, ^ Democratic 
mass convention was held in Garnett. This conven- 
tion passed resolutions indorsing the national Dem- 
ocratic platform, and nominated candidates for 
county officers and members to the Territorial Leff- 
islature : For representative to the Legislature, Sam- 
uel Anderson : no nomination for superintendent of 
public instruction, but resolved to support Rev. J. 
R. Slentz : probate judge, J. R. Shields ; register of 
deeds, M, Puett : county attorney, B. D. Benedict; 
county clerk, M. G. Carr ; sheriff, L. A. Jones ; 
treasurer, W. Smith ; surveyor, G. W. Cooper ; 
coroner, J. R. Means. 



It was not known which of tlie parties had the 
greater strength in the county. Both parties entered 
the campaign sanguine of success in the election. 

The elecdon was held on the 8th day of Novem- 
ber, and resulted in the success of the entire Re- 
publican ticket. 

On the first Tuesday of December, 1859, '^" t?^'-'^- 
tion was held for State officers, members of the 
Legislature, judges and other officers, under the 
Wyandotte constitution. There were two hundred 
and forty-nine votes cast in the county at this elec- 
tion, and the following persons were elected : So- 
lon (). Thacher, judge of the district court of the 
Fourth judicial district ; William Spriggs and P. P. 
Elder, senators of the Tenth senatorial district, com- 
posed of the counties of Franklin, Anderson and 
Allen : W. W. H. Lawrence, Jacob A. Marcells, W. 
F. M. Arny, S. J. Crawford, B. L. G. Stone and 
N. B. Blanton, representatives from the district 
composed of Franklin, Anderson and Allen coun- 
ties ; Rufus Gilpatrick, superintendent of public in- 
struction ; James Y. Campbell, probate judge : 
Alanson Simons, clerk of the district court. 

S. O. Thacher was the first judge of the Fourth 
judicial district. His rulings were clear, and gener- 
ally satisfactory. He was judge until 1864, when 
he resigned and Hon. David P. Lowe was appoin- 
ted to fill the vacancy. 

B. L. G. Stone, one of the persons elected to the 
House from this district, removed from the Terri- 



tory in the summer of i860, and Dr. John W. Scott 
was elected to till the vacancy. 

The year of 1859 ^^''"^^ ^ remarkably prosperous 
one. The immigration was heavier that year than 
it had ever been before, the population being almost 
as large in the county in the fall of that year as it 
has ever been since. There were heavy rains dur- 
ing the spring, so that travel was often impeded for 
several days at a time. On the lirst of June the 
rain had been so heavy that the North Pottowato- 
mic overflowed its banks and bottoms, so that the 
settlers in many places had to remove to the hills for 
safety : some places the overflow being so sudden 
the}" had to climb upon the tops of their cabins and 
remain until the waters subsided. The rainy season 
closed about the last of July, and a dry fall followed 
it. There was no rain or snow during the winter 

The next spring was dry, and then came the ter- 
rible drouth of i860. We had no rain of any con- 
sequence until the following October. This was the 
most oppressive and discouraging 3'ear in the history 
of Kansas. In July strong winds blew from the 
southwest, dry, and of scorching heat, so that vege- 
tation dried up before their breath : the earth became 
so dry and hot that the surface cracked open in 
many places for rods, so that the feet of horses or 
cattle would go to the depth of several inches into 
the cracked earth. For several months the Potto- 
watomie and other streams did not flow. About the 




first ol" June of that year a regular panic seized the 
people, and more than half of the population of the 
county left the Territory — nearly all that could get 
away did so, many of them to return no more. 

The census vyas taken in i860, by L. A. Jones, which 
shows 466 families residing in the county, with an 
aggregate population of 2,398, or an ayerage of 
about tiye persons to the family. Jones reported 
great suffering and distress on account of the drouth ; 
that one family of ten children subsisted for ty^o 
weeks on wild plums and the milk from one cow, 
haying nothing else to eat. 

The Legislature in i860 passed an act abolishing 
the board of superyisors, and proyiding for a board 
of county commissioners, and for dividing the 
county into three districts, one commissioner, who 
should reside therein, to be elected by the yoters of 
the county. On the 12th of March, i860, the board 
of supervisors divided the county into commission- 
ers" districts : and on the fourth Monday in March 
an election was held for county commissioners and 
county assessor ; and Richard Robinson, Preston 
Bowen and Mathew Porter were elected commis- 
sioners, and John T. Lanter, county assessor. The 
commissioners met on the 2d day of April, and or- 
ganized by electing Preston Bowen chairman. This 
board did its dut}- faithfully and efficiently. 

November 6, i860, an election was held for mem- 
bers to the Territorial Lemslature, county commis- 
sioners, superintendent of public instruction and 


county assessor. Rufus Gilpatrick was cliosen rep- 
resentative ; Ricliard Robinson, T. G. Headlev and 
Mathew Porter, commissioners ; Samuel Anderson, 
superintendent ot public instruction ; and Solomon 
Kauttman, countv assessor. Kaultman received 
192 VDtes and John T. Hall received 172 votes ; and 
Hall claimed the election, because of 42 votes cast 
at Hvatt precinct lor Samuel Hall, and contested 
the election before the probate court, which deci- 
ded that John T. Hall was duly elected, and granted 
him a certificate of election to the otfice. 

The act of Conj^ress admittina" Kansas into the 
Union became a law on tlie 31st day of January, 
1861, and the judges and county otficers elected in 
1859, '-i"*^*-'!' the Wvandotte constitution, entered 
upon the duties of their respective offices. For the 
first time, then, in the history of Kansas, was the 
judiciary selected by the people. 

The Territorial Legislature that was in session at 
the date of the admission of the State, adjourned on 
the 2d day of February, 1861, and the Legislature 
elected under the constitution convened at Topeka 
on the 26th of March, 1861. 

On the 4th of June, 1861, an act was passed pro- 
viding for a district attorney in each judicial district. 
S. A. Riggs was elected attorney for the Fourth ju- 
dicial district, in June, 1861. 

William Spriggs was the first State senator froni 
the county. W. F. M. Arny and S.J. Crawford 



were the tirst representatives from tlie county tf) 
the wState Le^ishiture. 

Hon. S. J. Craw torcl returned from the Legishi- 
ture on Mav lo. and proceeded to enhst a company 
of \()lunteers for the Second Kansas regiment. He 
raised a company of ninety men in one day, and 
within three days thereafter Iiis company was on the 
march to the front. Crawford was selected as cap- 
tain of the company, and after ti\'e months' service 
it was mustered out and reorganized. The com- 
pany did good service, and was in several engage- 
ments. The principal one was the battle of Wil- 
son's Creek, on the loth of August. 1861, where 
several of its members were killed and wounded. 
It was the first company that went from Anderson 
count\- to take part in the great struggle for the 

Hon. W. F. M. Arny returned at the close of the 
session of the Legislature, having* irained some no- 
torietv while there. Sol. Miller, in publishin<>; a 
sketch of the Legislature in the "White Cloud 
Chief,"" says : 

••Ml". Arny is one of the ri'prcsciUat i\ rs from tlic An- 
derson district, lie \v;is l)orn on tlic peak of IV'inu'ritl'c. 
in a \('ry dry season, and 1 lie sootlisaycrs who were ])r('S(>iu 
npon llii' uiclanclioly occ^nsion predicted tliat wlierever he 
weiU drouth wonld folh>w. Snch iias l)een his ex])erience 
in Kansas. His name ori<i'iiially was ' \ai-y." and il issiiji- 
)iose(l to have siiiiiitied that •nary* thinji' would ui'ow 
wliere lie cast his lot. Thus Kansas lias recently experi- 
enced tlie calaniit\ of 'narv' corn, •narv' bean. •nar\" 


■\vlioal. • nary ' urass >c(m1. • iiar\ " clotliiiii:' tor \ ()luutcci'>. 
rtc. IJy some lueaiis tlic letters eoiiiposiuji- his name liave 
heroine transposed, and he i> now caUed "Arny." Hi> pa- 
rents found t»reat dirticiilly in decidin<i- upon a name for 
him: tliey liad so many froiu whicli to choose, and there 
A\ ere so numy letters in the ali)liahet that h)oked well in a 
name. The\ tinally liit ujion a phin to set lie the (piestion : 
the old man resolvt-d to fashion all tin- letters of the alpha- 
het of ])otter"s clay, then to throw them anainst the side 
of the house, and as many as stuck to the wall. tho>e let- 
ters >hould form the initials of his name ; l)Ut those that 
fell otf >hould he di>car(h'd. lie carrieil out his desij^n. it 
was a <i"ood <hiy for the hu^iness. and nearly all of the let- 
ters stuck.*" 

Arnv hiU'iiii'" i>'ainecl such iiotorietv while in the 

Legishiture. soon feceived an appointment under 

Lincohi's administration, as an Indian a^ent in New 

Mexico. He left Kansas in the summer of 1861 for 

' his held of labor, where he has since remained, ha\- 

ing- been appointed Secretary of New Mexico. He 

has received the title of Governor, ha\ing- acted as 

Go\'ernor in the absence of the Governor for many 




Srvcr//Y i>t the \V/ liters of iS$$-6 and 1856-7, 
and M/ldiic^s 0/ those 0/ iS^'/-HaiJ(/ 1858-9 — Prai- 
ric Fires — Sac and Fox /iid/aiis. 

Thk winters of 1855-6 and 1856-7 were sea- 
sons of almost unparalleled severity, which caused 
man^' to suppose that it was a characteristic ol this 
country : which, however, was a mistaken idea, as 
shown bv the winters of 1857-8 and 1858-9, which 
were mild and pleasant. The "Leavenworth Jour- 
nal"" of January 15, 1858, says: 

•• I'jissiiia- lliroiiiili the country a few (hiys .since, we ^\<'l■l■ 
plcascil to sec tlic roads tilled with sunimer birds, whose 
iiiiy piiiuia^'e and >\veet notes indicated anything' 1mi( win- 
ter. "" 

No countr\' could exceed the beauty and mildness 
of the winters of 1858 and 1859 : the brilliancy by 
dav, bright moonlio-ht nights, and prairie fires had 
the appearance of September in Illinois or Wiscon- 
sin . The streams were not frozen over during either of 
the latter winters, nor was the ground covered with 
snow. Reference is made to these four winters, to 
show the o-reat difference of seasons in this climate. 
Since that time the seasons have been tnore uniform, 
none being so extreme as those referred to. 

In the earh' da\s of Kansas there were some ter- 



rible prairie tires, caused by burning the heavy coats 
of dry grass, and high winds, carrying the tire with 
great rapidity, often blowing the tire across any 
stream in its wav. When the wind was blowin<r 
heavily the rapidity was frightful, outstripping the 
fleetest horse, doing great damage. Yet the ap- 
pearance of these tires on a calm night was most 
gorgeous, as they lighted up the country for miles 
around. No grander and more beautiful scene 
could be presented. x\ painter that could transfer 
to canvas the enchanting panorama of a prairie on 
tire would be entitled to have his name registered in 
the roll of fame for above our most gifted mortals. 

When the white settlers came to this county the 
Sac and Fox tribes of Indians were located on a res- 
ervation in Franklin and Osage counties, where 
they remained for about ten or twelve years. Rov- 
inir bands of these Indians often wandered into dif- 
ferent parts of this count3^ hunting and tishing ; and 
some times two to three hundred of them, wnth their 
squaws and ponies, would winter in this count}', 
along the streams, and often became very annoying 
in setting tire to prairies to drive game out, and in 
that way often burning the fences and crops of the 
settlers. And at times they would engage in steal- 
ing and driving away the stock of the settlers, and 
keep it hidden until a reward was offered for its re- 
turn. They would go begging from house to house, 
and if one was fed by the settler the whole party 
must be fed or there would be trouble. These 


Indians obtained wliisky when tliey could iind it. 
Rezin Porter, on North Pottowatomie, kept 
whiskv to sell in 1857 and 1858, and the Indians, in 
passing through, made it a point to camp near his 
house. In the fall of 1857 a party of them went 
into camp near Porter's, went to his house and de- 
manded whiskv, which Mrs. Porter, in the absence 
of her husband, refused. So they attempted to 
break into the house, and, failing at the door, which 
she had fastened, one attempted to enter through a 
window, when she filled his face and bosom with a 
shovel full of live coals from the tire place, which 
caused him to retreat, veiling, with his shirt on tire, 
and the others followed him. 

In the winter of i860 these Indians gave a "war 
dance" in Garnett, which was novel to our people, 
who came in large numbers from the country to 
watness it. It took place at the crossing of Pine 
street and Sixth avenue. Four of the braves had each 
nail kegs, covered with opossum skins. Seated on the 
ground, with sticks thev commenced beating their 
nail kegs, and sung their songs, which furnished the 
music for the occasion. The squaws seated them- 
selves in a circle, and the braves entered the circle 
and proceeded to perform the most amusing e\'olu- 
tions, interspersed by short speeches in their dialect, 
and, with sticks, bludgeons and tomahawks, thev 
showed how they killed and scalped their victims, 
and drank their blood. It was a fair illustration of 


their savage cruelty- The}- also danced the "green 
corn"' dance, and the "snake" dance. 


Bright Prospects iu iS^S-g — Organization of 
Railroad Couipanx — Gloom x Forebodings of iS6o 
— Relief Coniuiittees — Organization of Volunteer 
Companies — Hardships Endured hv the Women of 
the Coiintv — Organization of Nexv Party^ Called 
" Farmers' a)id jMechanics' Union Assoeiation^ — 
Election of iS6i. 

In the din of politics, mind struggling with mind, 
one to establish on Kansas soil the best institutions 
known to the civilized world, and the other endeav- 
oring to establish and perpetuate a curse the most 
oppressive known to man, we had given but little at- 
tention to the industrial resources of the country un- 
til the spring of 1858. when there was a lull in the 
storm, and hope inspired in the minds of watching 
millions. Then immigration in great numbers from 
the free States set in. The Pro-Slavery men of the 
slave States gave up their cherished idea of estab- 



lishing slavery in Kansas, and became so disgusted 
with their ill-success that they did not spend any 
more money or blood for the cause of the South. 
The result of the election for county officers and 
members to the Legislature, and the vote on the 
Lecompton constitution, satisfied them that the 
friends of freedom could not be thwarted in their 
desiirns bv force or fraud. The result was a health v 
immigration and great increase in the population of 
the country. The filHng up of Kansas with the 
champions of freedom w^as the most glorious achieve- 
ment which the historian of the country is able to re- 
cord ; a new exhibition of popular power, and a 
guaranty to free institutions : it was the power of 
freedom crushing; the wicked institution of slaverv. 
It was the first throe in that great struggle that made 
every American citizen a freeman. 

After the elections of 1857 and 1858 the Free 
State Legislature convened, and passed some whole- 
some laws, and repealed the laws of 1855, known 
as tlie "bogus laws." Business began to prosper: 
the settlers commenced improving their claims and 
the country presented a livelier appearance ; all 
doubts as to success were removed, and a new era 
for Kansas set in. 

About this time tw^o railroad enterprises were or- 
ganized : The Leavenworth, Lawrence & Fort 
Gibson railroad companv, now Leavenworth, Law- 
rence & Galveston railroad company ; and the Jef- 
ferson City & Neosho Valley railroad compan}-. The 


former was organized on the 8th dav of December, 
1857. John B. Chapman was elected president: J. 

C. Green, Adam Fisher, F. P. Witcher, M. H. 
Mann, James Darrah, Hudson Burris and H. C. 
Justice, directors ; H. Allen, secretary : L. L. Todd, 
treasurer, and John C. McCartv, chief engineer. 
The charter of the company was granted on the 
1 2th of February, 1858, with John B. Chapman, 
Hudson Burris, H. C. Justice, F. P. Witcher, Mil- 
ton H. Hann, Henry J. Adams, G. A. Reynolds, E. 

D. Ladd, John Speer, L. F. Hollingsvyorth, S. B. 
Prentiss, G. W. Deitzler, H. G. Blake, Robert B. 
Mitchell. John Mathias, Darius Rogers, J. M. Black. 
R. B. Jourdan and W. Douran as charter members, 
\yith a capital stock of two million dollars. The 
charter authorized the company to locate its road 
from the city of Leayenworth, on the Missouri 
riyer, on the most conyenient route, yia Lawrence, 
Minneola, Osaije City, and dovyn the Neosho riyer, 
through the Osage nation, to Fort Gibson, on the 
Arkansas riyer. In the summer of 1858 the com- 
pany made a preliminary suryey to the fourth stan- 
dard parallel, one mile south of Garnett : in 1859 it 
made a preliminary suryey for its road to Osage 
City, ten miles south of Humboldt. John B. Chap- 
man was re-elected president, for several terms. In 
1863 this road received a land grant from Congress 
for tYtvy alternate section, designated by odd num- 
bers, for ten sections on each side of the road ; but 
where any of the land had been sold prior to the 



fixing of the line of the road, then in h'eu of the 
amount so sold the company was to receive from 
the public lands of the United States an equal 
amount from the nearest tiers of sections, in alter- 
nate sections, provided such lands should not be lo- 
cated more tlian twenty miles from the road. The 
lands so granted were to be devoted exclusively to the 
construction of the road. And in 1866 the Legisla- 
ture appropriated one hundred and twenty-tive thou- 
sand acres of the tive hundred thousand acres given 
the State under the law of Congress of 1841, for 
internal improvements, to aid in the construction of 
this road. The counties along the line of the road 
voted municipal bonds to aid in its construction, as 
follows : Douglas county, ip 300.000 ; Franklin 
countv, $200,000: Anderson county, $200,000: Al- 
len county, $150,000: Montgomery county, $200,- 

The work of construction on this road commenced 
in 1867, and the road was built and in operation to 
Ottawa the following winter, and completed to Gar- 
nett in March, 1870. and to Coffevville in 1871. It 
is a hrst-class road, furnished with excellent engines 
and rolling stock. For the first five years the road 
paid but little more than running expenses : but the 
business of the country has so improved that the 
road is now doing a good and pa\'ing business. 

A railroad convention was held at Hvatt on the 
27th day of July, 1858, to take preliminary meas- 
ures to organize a railroad companv, to be stvled 


tiie Jefferson City & Neosho Valley railroad com- 
pany : and it was organized at Hyatt on the — day 
of October, 1858, with A. Wattles, J. O. Wattles, 
G. W. Deitzler, W. F. M. Arny, G. W. Brown, 
W. H. Ela, B. F. Allen, R. Gilpatrick, J. L. Coy, 
P. B. Plumb and John T. Cox as directors. The 
board of directors elected W. F. M. Arny president. 
The company went to work in October, soon after 
the organization, to make a preliminary survey from 
tlie State line to the Neosho river, and had the plat 
and profile all made. The company spent much 
time and money in trying to get land grants to aid 
in the construction of the road, but failure to secure 
the same proved fatal to the enterprise. 

During the tirst live years of the early settlement 
of the Territory it required the greater portion of 
the time of the settlers to defend the border against 
the frequent raids made by Pro-Slavery men from 
the slave States, consequently but little improvements 
had been made ; so when the drouth of i860 came 
it was like a blight, the people being without money, 
and depending on the productions of the soil for 
sustenance. They had no surplus of grain or other 
necessaries of life to tide them over the season. As 
soon as it was ascertained that the crops were a 
failure, steps were taken to secure aid from 
the States to supply the necessities of the people. 
Committees for this purpose were appointed in al- 
most ever}- county in the Territory, and the citizens 
of our sister States responded nobly to the cry for 



assistance, bv donations of such articles as would 
keep the people froni starvation. But although a 
lar<ije amount of provisions was sent to the Terri- 
torv, but little was received in Anderson count}-. 
The struij^i^les and drouth of i860 reduced the pop- 
ulation to about one thousand in Anderson county : 
and those who remained were reduced almost to 
a state of pauperism. 

At the outbreak of the rebellion our people were 
in this destitute condition : our men were accustomed 
to the hardships of a soldier's life, but to go to the 
defense of the country and leave their families in 
such circumstances was distressing : but when the 
call came for volunteers they responded nobly ; a 
whole company volunteered in one day, and was on 
the march to the front in three days thereafter. An- 
derson county was represented in almost every regi- 
ment of Kansas troops ; about three-fourths of her 
able-bodied men entered the army for the cause of 
the Union. 

The year 1861 was a fruitful one for Kansas. 
Fine crops were raised, and in many instances the 
crops were planted. culti\ated and harvested bv our 
brave and patriotic women, while their husbands 
and fathers were fighting the battles of their country-. 
Most nobly did our women till the soil and support 
their families, and 'gave up their husbands to the 
service of the country, many of them to fill bloodv 
graxes in" Southern climes. The names of the he- 


roic dead who lell in the defense of the country will 
be given in another portion of this book. 

In October, 1861, a new political organization was 
made in Anderson county, known as the " Farmers' 
and Mechanics' Union Association." headed by J. 
Y. Campbell, Samuel Anderson, J. B. Lowry, W. 
H. McClure, W. G. Nichols and some others. The 
object of this organization was set forth in their 

This party was clamorous for reform. Their con- 
\ention assembled on the 17th day of October and 
made the following nominations : For State sena- 
tor, Alexander Stewart (then of Tola, now of Le- 
Roy ) : for rjpresentatiyes, J. B. Lowry and W. H. 
McClure : for probate judge, Samuel Anderson ; for 
treasurer. J. Y. Campbell : for sheriff, John Ander- 
son ; for register of deeds, M. Puett ; for county 
clerk, N. A. Porter; for clerk of district court, N. 
A. Porter. 

The Republicans held their conyention on the 
loth of the same month, and nominated for repre- 
sentatiyes, John T. Lanter and Mathew Porter ; pro- 
bate judge, B. F. Ridgewa}' : treasurer, H. Cayen- 
der : sheriff, Zach. Norris ; register of deeds, Wes- 
ley Spindler : county clerk, A. Mc Arthur ; and clerk 
of the district court, A. Simons. 

The canyass was conducted on the part of the 

new organization by J. Y. Campbell and Alex. 

Stewart : on the part of the Republicans the can\-ass 

was made by G. W. Her, B. F. Ridgeway and W. 

19 ' 



A. Johnson. The campaign was one oi the most 
bitter e\'er had in the county. The Repubhcans 
elected their senator, J. G. Reese, treasurer, county 
clerk and clerk of the district court. The opposi- 
tion elected two representatives, probate judo-e, sher- 
it'l' and reifister of deeds. 


Successive State Senators — Members of the 
House of Representatives — yndges of the District 
Court — County Officers . 


lHt>l. Williinii Si)ri<i<is : IH^f), I). \\ . Houston : ISHJ). K. S. 
Niccolls: ISTo. AV. A. .loliiison. 


Under Territorial ji'overnnienl — IHoy. William S])n<i;:s : 
1M60, Thomas Lindsay : 1S61. IJiifus (iilpatrick. 

I'ndei- State government — 1861. S. J. Crawford and W. 
i''. M. Arn\ : 1S(>2. .1. B. Lowry and W . 11. McCliii-e." 

In 1862 the Legislature made a reapportionment, 
into representative and senatorial districts, dividing- 
Anderson county into two representative districts, 
numbers Fifty-six and FiftN-seven. The townships 



at Walker and Monroe constituted the Fiftv-sixth. 
and the remainder of the count\- the Fifty-seventh 
representative district. 

1863. Isaac lliiicr, Fift\ -sixtli : .lacksoii Means. Fifty- 
scvt'iitli : 1S(U. Henderson ("avender. Fifty-sixtli : IJ. M. 
LinjiO. Filt\ -seventh : 18fi.o. Henderson (avender. Fiftv- 
sixth: A. (i. West. Fifty-seventh: 18(ifi. Henderson ('av- 
ender. FiftA-sixth : ,1. \V. Stew art. Fifty-seventli : l«fi7. 
Tliomas Lindsay. Fifty-sixtli ; Wni. X. Hanby. Fiftv- 
Ncventh : 1M8S. Tlionias (i. Headh-y. Fifty-sixth ; \Vni. X. 
Hanl)y. Fifty-seventh: DStjy. Jolm liuterl)aiijih. Fift>- 
sixtli : ( luirles (irejij:-. Fifty-seventli : 1870. John (i. Lind- 
say. Fifty-sixtli :. I. H. Whitford. Fifty-seventh : l«71. -loliii 
(i. Lindsay. Fifty-sixth ; Thomas Tlionipson. Fifty-seventh. 

The Legislature of 187 1 made a new apportion- 
ment of the State into representative districts, hv 
which .Vnderson county only formed one district, 
and had but one representative. 

1872, J. }L Whitford: 1S78. .lolm T. Lanter : lS7-t. James 
K. Wliite: 187.0. H. C. Ifeppert : is7ti, L. K. Kirk. 


The Legislatui'c in 1855 di^■ided the Territory into 
judicial districts, placing Anderson county in the 
Second district, and in 1856 Sterling G. Cato was 

In 1858 the Legislature redistricted the Territory, 
and Anderson county was made part of the Third 
district, and Joseph Williams was the judge. 

Under the Wyandotte constitution Anderson 
county was made part of the Fourth district. 

1861. S. (). Tliaeher : 186f. Tliaclier resigned, and I). P. 
Lowe was ap])ointed To till the vacancy: 1865. I). >L N al- 


The Legislature in 1867 created the Seventh ju- 
dicial district, and made Anderson county a part of 

1SB7. William Sijriii-o-s : ls;i-<. .Idlm l*.(i()()ilin. 

In 1869 this county was again changed bick to 
the Fourth district. 

ISfilt. (). A. Bjis»*t'tl : 1H72. (). A. UasscU. 


1S6H. A. Simons: iHiiO, A. Simon.-: lS(ii. A.Simons; \>>i].]. 
Cliiirles Hidden : lS(v). ('. K. Dewey : lSf57. G. M. Evcriine : 
isfiy, Solomon Kautfuian: 1«71. (i. M. Evcriine: 1S73,,J. A. 

r.eil : 1S7.J. .1. A. I'.eli. 


IS.of), Francis Myer and .1. S. Waitman: r">.')7, Darius 
Frankenheriz'er and .loini ^IcDaniel. 

The Legislature in 1858 changed the count^• board 

to a board of super\'isors, of one member from each 


Supervisors — ISoS. J. K. While, chairman: Solomon 
Kaun'man. IJe/in Porter, .folin ^NIcDaniel and Alexander 
M<-Art]iur: is.".!». ,1. l\ Wadswortii. chairman: ('. W. Fra- 
ker. -lohn L. Adiniilon, .1. K. Faton. .1. 15. Dilday iUid (i. 
VV. Sands. 

The Legislature in i860 changed the board from 
a board of supervisors to a board of count v commis- 
sioners, consisting of three members. 

1H()0. Preston IJowen, chairman ; IJichard Hohinson and 
J\latlie\v Porter: 1«()1. Matliew Poiter. chairman: IJichard 
Uobinson and T. (t. Headley : 1862. T. (i. Headley. chair- 
man : .lohn Moler and A. ( assel : VHiV,]. T. (i. Ileadlex. 
chairman: D. L. Dull" and Anderson Cassel ; IStU. Dr. 
William Snnth. chairman: II. P. Ilalland (Jeoriic Holt: 

A N 1) E R S O N CO U N T V . 


H;ill rc.^iaiKMl, und S. W. Arriiiil iippoiiitcd to lill v;ic;iiic\ : 
iSii!). William Siiiitli, cluiii-iiiaii : Matlicw roiicr and IJicli- 
•Avd IJ()l)iiis(»u : lSti«. II. Cavciulcr. rhaiiiiiau : .1. W. Low r\ 
and Iiciibcu Low r\ : 1«70. (i. W . Her, chairnian : .L 15. 
Lowrv and d. \V. N'aiiylin : d. 15. Low ry died in 1S71. and 
('. 11. Lowrv appointed to till \acancy : Isy-J. ,hdin Mac-k- 
iin. cliainiiani 11. (axcndcr and 15. >L Liniio: 1H74. ('. IL 
Lowrv. cliairnian : <;. W. Snnlli and II. ( a vcndci- ; (i. \V. 
Smith resigned and M. K. ( )sl)orn w as ap])oint('d to lill \ a- 
cancy : XovtMuhi'i'. ls7o. M. .1. Tni-rt'll elected to lill iinex- 
pifed term of Snnlli: II. ('aveiider resij^ned. an<l W.S. 
\ reoland was ai)pointed to till \ acancy : lS7ti. ( ". 11. Low fv. 
rliHirnian : W. S. \'reeland and M. .1. 'rinrell. 

coiNTV <'i,i;i:ks. 
1S,')H. Tliomas Totton. apjxiinted : 1S.">7. A. Simons; re- 
signed, and ('. 'i\ Williams ai)pointe(l : 1K.")S. 15. L. Adin<i- 
lon: l.S(50. A. Simons; lKt5-_\ A. McArtlinr: INC.-I. d. F. 
Walker : ISlirt. d. II. William-; IxtvS. d. II. Williams: 1S70. 
K. A. Ldwards; l«7-\ K. A. I'ldwai-ds; IS74. K. A. I':d- 
wards ; is7t!. d. W. dollra. 

iM;<ti:.\Ti': .hixmos. 

IS."),"), (ieorii'e Wilson, elected Ity Leu'islal lire : 1S,')S. Sam- 
uel Anderson, from daniiary 1 to dune I. and wa> >uc- 
(■e<'ded by d. Y. ('am]d)ell. w lio served until llie 7tii day of 
( )ctol)er. ISfil, w lien lie was ousted from the ottice hy 
procoedinii's had before S. (). 'Idiaclier. jud^c, on ai»|»lica- 
tionof ('has. Hidden, who served until -laniiary. IStiJ ; ISii'J. 
Samuel Anderson: 1S();t. Samiiid A)i(lerson : ISti.'). d. Y. 
Campi.eii: 1K71. M. A. Pa.i;-e ; 1S7.".. d. M. Craiu'. 

( '(> r XT ^■ 'r u !■; .\ s i ■ i{ i-: n s . 
l«ati. V. H. Trice. ai)pointed : ISnK. Isaac Iliner: I«i"i9. W. 
L. W(d)ster : \H>]0. Henderson ( 'avendei- : ISti'J. Henderson 
Cavender: l^<6f, T. (L Ileadley; ISHH. T. ( L Headley : IstJH, 
A. (i. West. a])pointe(l to lill short term from daniiary 1 
to duly 1 : IStis. A. Simons: 1K70. A. Simons; l,s7-_'. L. S. 
Hunt : 1«74. K. S. Hunt. 



Hi;(iISTi;i{S »)l" DKKDS. 

1S')7. A. Simons. :i|)i)<>inlc(l : IHoS. Niadisoii I'uoii : 
IKtiO. ('. .1. l'';iflt>y, wlio (lied in l-SBl. and M. I'lictt clfctcd 
t(. till viicancy: lHf>4. d. F. Walker: l.Srtti. d, II. William^- : 
lSf)S. d. II. Williams: 1«70. Samuel ( "rum : lH7-_'. Samuel 
{'rum: 1S74. W. H. Mclleii : 1S7(). W. I. Sutton. 


1S5H. David McCammon ; l«o7. Thos. Hill : resiiiiied. and 
(i. A. ("ooU. ai)i)ointed : 1S;>S. (i. A. ("ook: IKBO. (.. A. 
("ook : lSf52. dolm Anderson, who resiuiied in IfStio. and A. 
Simons api)oinled : lH(>ti, EliasNorris: IStW, Klias Xorris : 
1870. (i. A. ('(»ok : l.S7'2. Kdward I{a\ n : 1S74. Kdward i{a\ ii : 
lS7(i. d. n. Shields. 

COIN T \ A 1 ■('( » i: N K V S, 

ISnS. d. i?. Slitt : l«tiO. W. A. dohnson. 

The Legislature in i86i abolished the office of 

count}' attorney, and provided tor a district attornex' 

for each judicial district, and in June, iS6i, S. A. 

Riggs was elected attorney for this district. In 1861. 

th'e Legislature abolished the office of district attor- 

ne}', and provided for county attorneys. 

ISfU. M. A. Page : l«(i.5, W. A. dohnson was elected, hut 
V(!fnsed to (|nality, and M. A. Pajre appointed : 18(iti. M. A. 
Page ; 18t57. dolui ii. Lindsay : 1871. dolin S. Wilson : 1S7;1 
dolm d. Hotl'man : 187ii, Abram Herijcn. 


18f)7. H. F. Ilidgeway. appointed : 1858. P,. F. IJidp'way : 
1862. daekson Means: 1864. lluiiii Smith : 18(>ti. .liimes N. 
Smith : 1870, II. W. Gailey. 1872. H. W. (iailex : 1874. IJ. W. 
(i alley : 187ti. W. W. (Jailey. 


1858, J. It. Slentz. ai)pointed : 18e;i. Hufus (.ilpatrick : 
18ti:5. ('. H. Snnth: ]8(i.5, (". T. ( "hapin : 18(?7. ('. T. Chapin: 

ANDii:RS{)x c()u:xTV. 151 

isiJ!). ^V. A. Walker, w lio dii-d in ISfit). :iii(i 1'. \V. I'.alil was 
appdintcd : 1S71. 'riioina- I'xtw Ics : Ih7o. Ainos Ifici-: IsTa, 
L. n. Osl.orii. 

< •( » t " N T ^ ASS i :ss< > ns. 
In 1857 William Put-tt was appointed In' the board 
of county commissioners. In the winter of 1858 the 
Legislature made a change in the law, bv which the 
otiice of county assessor was abolished, and in i860 
the Legislature again proxided for the office of 
county assessor. John T. Lanter was elected in 
March, i860. John T. Hall was elected in Novem- 
ber, i860, and resigned in Mav, 1861. Tulv8, 1861, 
I>. P. Brown was appointed to fill the vacancy 
caused bv the resignation of John T. Hall. 

IKtil. .lolni Honi : ISIW. (;c(.i--c \V. Arrcll : istu. A. W. 
lMiiHij)s: isti"). (Irovixr W . Arrcll: iscti. W. 15. Kdwarifs; 
1«(>7. ('. 15. Smith. 

In 1868 the Legislature, by a change in the tax 

laws, abolished the office of county assessor and 

provided that the assessments should be made by 

the township trustees. 


Arr/(ini/s atid Misfortunes — Shooting of Tips- 
icord — DroivningofLi'sterDart — C liristimi Fciivr- 
born Killed h\ Indians — yosid/i Kel/ennan, /lis 
Wife and txvo ( 'Jiildren Burned to J)eath in a 
Prairie Fire — fames A. Toivn and Son Droxvned 
in Pottoivaloniie Creek — Levi L. Hayden Frozeii 
to Death, ete. 

A SAD affair (occurred on the North Pottowatoniit'. 
north of Garnett. on the loth da}^ of May, 1858. 
Two neighbors, WilHam Lambert and W. A. Tips- 
word, were hunting turkeys in the timber on the creek 
in the earl\- morning, neither knowing that the other 
was near him, each calhng turkeys and ci-awhng 
through the brush, expecting to see his game, when 
in an instant Lambert, through the underbrush, dis- 
covered a dark object near the creek bank, and, 
supposing it to be a turkey, at once drew up his gun 
and hred. He lieard the noise of the object, and 
supposed it to be the fall of the turkey. He reloaded 
his rifle and proceeded to the spot for his game, but 
the lifeless form of Tipsword, lying on his face, met 
his bewildered view. The ball had penetrated his 
body in a vital part, causing instant death. They 
were both quiet, hard-working men,, near neighbors 


and good friends. The affair cast a gloom of mel- 
ancholy upon Lambert, from which he never recov- 
ered. He left Anderson county in a few vears there- 
after, for Colorado, but has since returned to Kan- 
sas, and now resides in Atchison county. He origi- 
nally settled on the farm now owned b}- Henrv 

In August, 1858, a man by the name of Lester 
Dart, living on the north side of Pottowatomie, while 
going to Greeley to attend the election on the Le- 
compton constitution, as submitted under the En<>-- 
lish bill, attempted to cross the Pottowatomie, and 
was drowned. Dart left a wife and one child to 
mourn his sad and premature demise. 

In i860 a man by the name of George Enoch, li\'- 
ing on the north branch of Sugar creek, came to 
Garnett in company with his wife and child. Thev 
came in a wagon, drawn b}- a pair of oxen. In the 
evening, when he was on his way home, near the 
Simons crossing of the Pottowatomie, the oxen be- 
came ungovernable, run over a bank, and threw 
him out of the wagon, breaking his neck, producing 
instant death. His wife and child escaped with but 
little injurv. 

Christian Feuerborn, one of the earlv settlers 
of the North Pottowatomie, as hereinbefore men- 
tioned, left the Territory in 1858. He took his wife 
and children back to Illinois and left them, while he 
went to Nevada Territory in search of a jrolden for- 

tune, expecting, when he had accumulated the ex- 



pecteil fortune, to return with his family to Kansas 
and make his future home on the valuable tract of 
land that he left on the Pottowatomie, there to enjo}' 
the accumulations of his labors, and enjoy the so- 
ciety and pleasures of his interesting family ; but in 
the spring of 1862, after he had secured a large 
amount of propert\' and money in his Eldorado 
abode, a partv of Indians made a raid on his house 
and he was massacred by them in a most cruel and 
barbarous manner. His family was never able to 
recover any of his Ne\ada property. His widow 
afterwards married Julius Fisher, an industrious 
German, and returned with her husband and chil- 
dren to Kansas, and now resides on the same tract 
of land selected b^■ her former husband in 1856. 

In 1857 a man by the name of Josiah Kellerman 
settled on Pottowatomie creek, in the western por- 
tion of the count\'. He was a farmer hv occupa- 
tion, and an industrious man. He resided tliere un- 
til the fall of 1862, and had in the meantime im- 
proved a good farm. His famih- at that time con- 
sisted of himself, a wife and li\e children. In Oc- 
tober he started to move with his family and effects 
to Douolas county, Kansas. He loaded his house- 
hold goods into a two-horse wagon, in which his' 
wife and two youngest children were to ride, while 
Kellerman and the three older children were to drive 
the loose stock. The weather was dr^', and the 
wind was blovvino- a furious oale. The\' started 
about 8 o'clock in the morning, and traveled about 


six miles, when they discovered a prairie fire coming 
from tlie southwest. When first discovered it was 
some distance away, and several streams intervened 
between them and the fire. The wind blew with 
such violence that it drove the tire across the streams 
that were in its course, without checking its progress 
the least. When Kellerman discovered that the fire 
was going to overtake them, he and the children at 
once drove the stock on to a strip of plowed ground 
near by, and called to his wife to drive the wagon 
on. She turned off the road to drive on the plowed 
ground, but had not gone but a few rods before the 
wagon wheels got fast in some old ruts, and the 
team stopped. Kellerman, observing the condition 
of the wagon and team, and the rapid approach of 
the fire, at once started to the relief of his wife and 
children, but before he could reach them the fire 
had overtaken them and the wagon and contents 
were enveloped in flames. He made every effort 
possible to save his wife and children, but he could 
not relieve them from the devourinij element. His 
wife, two children and himself all perished in the 
flames. The bodies of the children were entirel}* 
burnt up. The body of Mrs. Kellerman was so 
burned that but a small portion of the charred and 
blackened remains was ever found. Kellerman 
was so badly burned that he died about two hours 
afterwards. The horses were also burned to death. 
The three older children had got (m the plowed 
ground just as the fire overtook the wagon. . The}- 


were compelled to stand there and see father, mother 
and brothers perish, without being able to render 
them any assistance. This was one of the saddest 
and most heart-rendini:^ affairs that has ever occurred 
in the county. 

A very sad accident occurred in April, 1871. R. 
T. Stokes was constructing a wind mill in Garnett, 
and in the rear of the building a large derrick had 
been set up, for the. purpose of hoisting heavy tim- 
bers on the top of the building. One evening after 
the workmen had gone home, and it had become 
quite dark, a number of the boys of the town v\'ere 
climbing up the ropes on the derrick. When some 
four or live of the boys were on the ropes, the fast- 
ening at the top of the derrick gave way, and let it 
fall. The main timber of the derrick fell on a boy 
In' tlie name of Peter Tefft, a lad about fifteen years 
of ao'e. The fall of timber crushed his skull, from 
which he died in a few hours. He was the youngest 
child of John Tefft, an old and respected citizen. 

On the 27th day of March, 187 1, a family by the 
name of Town, living east of Garnett, consisting of 
James A. Town, his wife and an adopted son, about 
ten years of a^e, left their home about noon to ijo 
to Middle creek, in Franklin county. They were 
traveling in a two-horse wagon. When they came 
to the Pottowatomie, the stream had taken a rise, and 
being unacquainted with it they did not suppose that 
it was unsafe to attempt to cross. They drove in, 
but before they got far into the water the wagon be- 


oMii to float, and the wagon body became detached 
and floated down stream. Mr. Town and son were 
thrown into the water, and soon disappeared from 
view. The wife remained in the wagon body, and 
was rescued, while Mr. Town and her adopted son 
were drowned. 

The next day after Mr. Town and his son were 
drowned a man, whose name is unknown, who had 
been working on the raih'oad, while in a state of in- 
toxication went down along the railroad, and fell 
into Lake Joy and was drowned. He had been 
drowned several days before his bodv was disco\- 

In the summer of 1872 a boy bv the name of Hi- 
ram Dart, about eighteen years of age, was with 
«^)ther boys in the Pottowatomie, above the Farrah 
mill dam, bathing. He became strangled, and 
drowned before help could reach him. 

John Hall, an old and respected citizen, li\ing on 
the Osage, in the southeast portion of the county, in 
1874 ^^ '^^ <^iS&i"^^' 'I \y<-'\\ on his farm : was down in 
the well, and while a tub was being hoisted from the 
well a pick fell from the tub, striking him on the 
head, killing him instantly. 

Coleman Payne, living near the head of the South 
Pottowatomie, in Rich township, in 1874 ^^'^"^ '" '^^ 
coal bank, digging coal, when the bank slid in, bury- 
ing him beneath the earth, killing him. 

Henry Feuerborn, an old citizen of Putnam town- 
ship, and one of the early settlers of the county. 


while hauling hav, in the fall of 1875, '^"^^ driving 
over a piece of stony ground, the wagon struck 
a stone, upsetting it, precipitating him among the 
stones with such violence that he was seriously in- 
jured, from the effects of which he died in a few 

Levi L. Havden, oae of the early settlers of Reeder 
township, living on the western border of the county, 
in the autumn of i860, with several other persons, 
left his home to i;o w^est on a buffalo and wolf hunt. 
They went to the Arkansas river, near where the 
town of Wichita is now situated, and there arranged 
their camp for the winter. In the latter part of No- 
vember he went out from camp to set bait for wolves. 
It was a snowy, stormy day, and he soon became 
bewildered and wandered around over the prairies 
for a long time. Not returning to the camp, his 
party became alarmed as to his safety, and went in 
search of him. He was found on the third day af- 
terwards, sitting on a log, with his feet frozen to the 
ice. His comrades took him to camp, but he was 
so badly frozen that his feet and hands sloughed off, 
and, after suffering the most terrible pain, he died. 

In November, 187 1, A. J. Walker, living on the 
head of Deer creek, in Rich township, bought an 
Indian cow and calf. He took them home in the 
morning. After dark that evening he went to the 
stable to feed and take care of his stock. He re- 
mained absent for some time, until his wife became 
alarmed, when she went in search of him. She 


found him lying in the yard, dead. He had been 
hooked by the cow on the inside of the thigh, sever- 
ing the femoral artery, producing instant death. 

IiT the spring of 1876 a boy 12 or 13 vears of age, 
hv the name of Follice, livinjr on the Osaii'e, in 
the southeast corner of the county, fell from a wagon 
load of corn. The force of the fall cru.shed his 
skull, causing death in a few moments. 

Several families by the name of Lankard settled 
on Pottowatomie creek, in the west part of the count}', 
in the spring of 1857. Daniel Lankard with his. 
familv still resides there. In September, 1864, Mrs. 
Lankard, with a span of young horses, drove to a 
well some distance from the house for a barrel of 
water, taking three of the children with her. The 
neck voke became detached, the pole dropped to 
the ground, and the horses became frightened. Mrs. 
Lankard was thrown forward, and kicked by the 
liorses, and otherwise bruised, from the effects of 
which she died. 


Various /h)iid Propositions to aid Railroad Com- 
panies to Build Railroads — The Orders for Snh- 
nn'ssioii, and the Results of the Elections Thereon. 

In the development and y'rowth of this county the 
people were animated by a desire to have all the fa- 
cilities for commerce and easy and speedy means of 
travel and transportation that are enjoyed by older 
and more wealthy communities, and in order to se- 
cure such facilities have adopted the system of aid- 
ing railroad companies in the construction of their 
roads by voting and issuing municipal bonds of the 
county. The question of voting and issuing bonds 
to aid in the building of railroads has been a source 
of grave consideration, and .much discussion, strife 
and ill feeling has grown out of the various railroad 
schemes that have been presented to the people of 
the county from time to time, for their approval or 

The first proposition was submitted to a vote on 
the 15th day of August, 1865, to subscribe one hun- 
dred and twenty-tive thousand dollars to the capital 
stock of the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Fort Gib- 
son railroad company, and issue the bonds of the 
county in payment therof . with the following result : 


Monroe township — 162 for, i against ; Walker 
township — 55 for, 23 against ; Washington township 
— 15 for, 6 against: Jackson township — 24 for, 5 
against : Reader township — 3 for, 43 against ; Ozark 
township — 9 for, i against : total — 268 for, 79 
against : majority for the bonds, 189. 

On the 2d day of December, 1867, the county 
commissioners made an order for the submission of 
the following proposition : 

'• Shall the county of Anderson subscribe one hundred 
and twenty-tive thousand dolhars additional, in full paid- 
up stock, to the capital stock of the Leavenworth, Law- 
I'ence & Galveston railroad company, and issue the bonds 
(if the county in jjayment thereof?" 

With a proviso that said railroad company should 
have its road completed to the southern line of the - 
county by the 15th of October, 1868 ; and in case 
the road was not completed by that time the bonds 
should not be issued. The proposition was submit- 
ted at a special election on the 23d day of Decem- 
ber, 1867, with the following result: 

Monroe township — 247 for, 14 against ; Walker 
township — 47 for, 39 against ; Vess precinct — 28 for, 
I against : Jackson township — 48 for, 8 against : 
Reeder township — o for, 117 against; Ozark town- 
ship — 8 for, 23 against ; Washington township — 43 
for, 2 against ; total — 421 for, 204 against ; majority 
for the bonds, 217. 

On the canvass of the vote the board of commis- 
sioners made the following order : 

•• There being 421 votes for the bonds, and 204 votes against 



the builds, it is lici-fliy declared tliat Anderson county 
.subscribe one hundred and twenty-tive tliousand dollars ad- 
ditional to the cai)ital slock ofthe Leavenworth, Lawrence 
& (ralveston railroad company, and issue the bonds of the 
county therefor. 111)011 completion of said road to (ilarnett. 
in said county : Provided. Said road is completed and in 
ji'ood runninji" order on or before the 15th dav of October. 

On the 30th day of Janu'ir}', 1869, the board of 

county commissioners made the following order in 

relation to voting- aid to the railroad : 

'• Be it ordered. l)y the board of county commissioners 
of Anderson county. Kansas, that a sjjecial election be 
licld in said county of Anderson on -the 6th day of April. 
1869, and that at said election tlie qualitied voters of said 
county shall tlien and there vote 'for' or * ajiainst ' the 
proposition for said county to subscribe one hundred and 
seventy-tive thousand dollars to the cajiital stock of the 
following' railroad companies, and on the conditions fol- 
lowing, to wit : That said county of Anderson shall 
subscribe seventy-tive thousand dolhars to the capital stock 
ofthe Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston railroad corn- 
pan}' ; said stock to be subscribed and tlie bonds of said 
c mnty issued in payment therefor, on condition that said 
railroad comi)any shall tirst construct a continuous line 
of railway from tiu- city of Lawrence to tlie town of Gar- 
nett. and have ^aid road fully equipjied with all necessary 
rolling' stock for the accommodation of the business of said 
road : Provided. That said company shall have its road 
(umstriicted and in oiieration to the town of Garnett by 
the fourth of July. 1869, and shall erect and maintain their 
depot within one hundred and sixty rods of the public 
square of the town of Garnett : And provided further. 
That said railroad (romi)any shall release said county from 
any claim that said company may have against said county 
by reason of an election held in said county on the 28d 


of December. 1867 : and the said railroad company shall 
receive the said seveuty-tive thousand dollars in honds in 
lien of the bonds voted on said 2;3d day of December, 

•'And further, that the said county of Anderson shall 
subscribe the remainder of said one hundred and seventy- 
live thousand dollars to the capital stock of the Missouri 
Itiver, Ft. Scott & (rulf railroad com])any, or any other 
railroad company that will build said road; said stock to 
be subscribed on condition that said railroad company 
shall tirst construct a continuous line of railway from 
Kansas City, Missouri, via (Jlatha, Paola and Greeley, to 
the town of Gai-nett, and have said road fully eqiripped 
with all necessary railway stock to accommodate the busi- 
ness of sai<l road : And i)rovided further. That said 
railroad company shall erect and maintain their depot 
within one hundred and sixty rods of the public sqitare in 
the town of (rarnett : and further, that said railroad eom- 
l)any shall have their road built and in operation to the 
town of Garnett on or before the tirst day of January, 1870. 

" Said stock not to be subscribed to either of said rail- 
road companies or the bonds to issue in payment therefor 
until the company has constructed its road as aforesaid, 
and in the time specitied herein : the bonds to be issued in 
payment of said stock to run thirty years from the date 
thereof, bearing interest thereon at the rate of seven per 
cent, per annum, payable annually, on the tirst day of 

April 13, 1869, the board of count}- commission- 
ers canvassed the vote of said special election* with 
the following result : 

Monroe township — 298 for, 43 against ; Walker 
township — 87 for, 50 against ; Washington town- 
ship — 35 for, 14 against ; Reeder township — i for, 
115 against: Ozark township — 13 for, 35 against; 


Jackson township — 48 for, 30 against ; total — 479 for, 
287 against; majority for the bonds, 192. 

'• Tlicrtnipou it is lu'rcby ordered that the bouds as afore- 
said be issued to said railroad companies, aceordiiiji" to 
tlie conditions upon whicli said propositions were sub- 

August II, 1869, the board of county commis- 
sioners in special session made the following order : 

" Ordered, by the board, that a special election be held 
in the several votinji' precincts in the county of Anilerson. 
on Monday. September 13. 1869, whereat shall be submit- 
ted to the (lualitied electors of said county for adoption or 
rejection: Shall the county of Anderst)n subscribe twi> 
hundred thousand dollars to the capital stock of the Leav- 
enworth, Lawrence & Galveston railroad company, and 
issue the bonds of the county in payment therefor? Said 
bonds payable thirty years after their date, bearino; in- 
terest at the rate of seven per cent, per annum, payable 
annually. Said bonds to bear date of January the 1st. 
1870. and to be issued and delivered to said railroad com- 
pan\- on the 1st day of -January. A. D. 1870. and before 
that tiuie if the railroad com[)any shall on or before that 
Jime have its line of railway completed to the town of 
Garnett. in said count v ; and if said line of railway shall 
not be completed thus far l)y that time, then said bonds to 
be issued and delivered when said line of railway is com- 
l)leted to the town of (rarnett, in said county : Provided. 
The county of Anderson be released from all propositions 
or votes taken to subscribe stock or issue bonds to said 
railway company. Electors desiring to vote on the above 
])roposition shall have their tickets written or printed as 
above, and shall add thereto for or against the subscription 
of stock to the Leavenworth. Lawrence & Galveston rail- 
road company, as the elector may desire to vote. 


"Shall the countv of Anderson subscribe one hundred 


and twcnty-tivc tliousaiul dollai-s to the fapital stock of 
rlic I'aola & Fall Uivcv i-ailroad coinpaiiy. the Ixnids oftiic 
rouiity to be issued iu payiiit'iit thci-cof:' Said honds to 
Ix' iiayabk' thirty yoai's after date, and to ])ear interest at 
the rate of seven per rent. ]>er aunuiii. payable aiinualiy. 
and to be issued and delivered to said railroad eoni])any 
oil or befV>re the first day of January. 1S71 : l*rovi«hMl. Said 
railroad eonipany shall, on or before that tiute, construct a 
line of ralhvay from Paola, in Miami county. Kansas, via 
<rreeley. iu x\nderson county, to the town of (^arnett. in 
Anderson (-(mnty. and the county of Anderson be released 
from all obligations on acc(tunt of a vote takeii April 6. 
]S()i). to subscribe stock to said railroad com]Ktny."" * * 

On the 17th day of September, 1869, the boai'd 
of county commissioners met and canvassed the 
vote of the special election of September 13, with 
the followino' result : 

On the proposition to subscribe stock to the Lea\ - 
enworth, Lawrence & Galveston railroad company: 
Jackson township — 23 for, 40 against ; Ozark town- 
ship — 7 for, ^2 against : Walker township — -104 for, 
j;2 against ; Washington township — 28 for, 6 against : 
Monroe township — 389 for, 16 against : Reeder 
township — o for, 246 against : whole number of 
votes, 923 ; for the bonds, 551 ; against, 372 : major- 
ity for the bonds, 149. 

On the proposition for the bonds to the Paola & 
Fall River railroad : Jackson township — 28 for, 35 
against ; Ozark township — 9 for, 30 against ; Walker 
township — no for, 22 against: Washington town- 
ship — 28 for, 6 against ; Monroe township — 388 for, 
16 against ; Reeder township — 3 for, 243 against ; 


1 66 nrsTORV of 

whole number of votes cast, 918 : for the proposi- 
tion, 566: against the proposition, 352 : majority for 
the bonds, 214. 

■'The above ])r()i>()siti(>ns liuvhi^ eucli received a ma- 
jority of all the vote,s cast, we hereby declare that the 
count V coinniissioners of said couuty are authorized to 
:«iu1)scvil>e stock to said railroad comi)anies aceordiiiji' to 
the ])roi>ositioiis hereinbefore vecoiuh'd oil the journal of 
».aid board." 

The bonds of Anderson county, to the amount of 
two hundred thousand dollars, were issued to the 
Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston railroad com- 
pany on the 5th day of November, 1869, and de- 
livered to James F. Joy, to be delivered to the rail- 
road companv when the road should be completed 
to Garnett. On the 8th day of July, 1870, M. R. 
I^aldwin, superintendent of the L., L. & G. railroad 
company, certified that the road was completed to 
Garnett on the first day of March, 1870 ; and there- 
upon the board made an order on James F. Joy to 
deliver said bonds to the railroad company. 

August II, 187 1, the board of county commis- 
sioners, at a special meeting, made the following 
order : 

" Shall till" county couunisyioners of Anderson count \. 
Kansas, subscribe one hunch-ed and sixty t]u)usand dollar- 
To the capital stock of tlu^ Paola & Fall lliver rail\va> 
(•onii)any. and issue the bonds of the county in payment 
1 hrrefor ? Said bonds to be due and payable in thirty year,-~ 
tVoin the date thereof, .with interest coupons attached, 
drawing- interest at the rate of seven ])er cent, per annum. 
Said interest t(» be paid semi-annually, on the tirst da> s of 


-l;uui:\r_v aiul Jul\ of each year. < )iic luiii(lr<nl tlioiisaiul 
■Idilai's of tin' said bonds to he (lelivcrcd wlicn the 
I'aola it Fall River railway coinpaiiy shall construct and 
• •oni]»l('t(' the liradinii' and masonry work upon tlicir line 
from the city of Paola, in Miami c(ninty. to the city of 
(runiett, in Andei-son county; and sixty tliousand dolhirs 
of said boiuls to he delivered when the Paola «\: Fall lJi\-er 
i-ailway shall have completed the "'radinii' and masonry 
work to tlie western line of Anderson county : Provided. 
Iiowever, Tliat no bonds shall be deli\-ered until the Paola 
jVc Fall liiver railway com[)any shall <iive jiood and sutti- 
•ient jiuarantees for the immediate and entire completion 
of the work by resp(»nsible parties, for ituttinu' thereon the 
iron and the necessary rollinji' stock, without any ad- 
ditional franciiise from the county, and makiny the Paola 
it Fall River railway in all i-es](ects a tirst-class railroad, 
with full e(iuii)ments for the transportation of freif^ht and 
j)asspn*fers : And jtrovided further. That sufficient jiiiar- 
autees shall be iiiven for the establislnuent and mainten- 
ance of depots at n(tt less than three places in Anderson 
(•ouuty — one of which shall be in the town of (ireeley, and 
line in the city of (iarnett. and one between (iarnett and 
where the said railway shall intersect the western liin- of 
Anderson county, and to be nut less than eiii'ht uiiles from 
the city of (iarnett." 

On the 15th dav of September, 187 1, the board 
of county commissioners met and canvassed the 
vote of the special election, with the following re- 
sult : 

Rich township — 21 for, 53 against; Ozark town- 
ship — 15 for, 25 against ; Washington township — 27 
for, 20 against ; Monroe township — 453 for, 30 
against ; Lincoln township — 24 for, 6 against ; 
Reeder township — i for, 73 against ; Walker town- 


ship — 96 for, 29 against ; Jackson township — .33 for. 
21 against: Putnam township — 15 for, 26 against: 
whole number of votes cast, 968 ; for the proposi- 
tion, 685 : against the proposition, 283 ; majority for 
the subscription of stock and issue of bonds, 402. 

The raih'oad indebtedness of the count}^ to aid 
railroad companies in the construction of their roads 
is as follows : Two hundred thousand dollars issued 
to the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston railroad 
company: dated Januar}^ i, 1870, payable thirty 
vears after the date thereof, bearing interest at the 
rate of seven per cent, per annum ; interest payable 

There is now one hundred and sixty thousand 
dollars of the bonds of Anderson count}^ in posses- 
sion of the Treasurer of State, issued to the Paola 
& Fall River railway company, dated April i, 1874, 
payable thirt}" years after the date of issue thereof, 
bearing interest at the rate of seven per cent, per 
annum : interest payable semi-annually from their 
delivery. These bonds are in escrow, to be deliv- 
ered when all the conditions on which they were 
\oted have been complied with. The legality of 
the issue of these bonds has been questioned, and a 
suit is now pending in court for the return of the 
bonds to the board of county commissioners, and 
tor their cancellation. 


Garnctt — Contest Over the Tozvnstte — Removal 
of y. T. Cainfhell, Probate Judge — Appointment 
of Charles Hidden — Pre-emption of the Townsite — 
Ptiblic Buildings — Business Houses — Business Men 
— Successive City Officers and Postmasters. 

In the fall of 1859 ^^^^ Commissioner of the Gen- 
eral Land Office made an order cancelling the entry 
of the towns of Garnett and Troy. As soon as the 
papers were forwarded from the Lecompton land 
office to the General Land Office at Washington, 
the commissioner discovered that a whole section 
had been pre-empted for town purposes, and was 
in violation of the act of Congress of 1844. The 
cancellation of these pre-emptions left the occupants 
of the two townsites residing on government land, 
with town improvements. Dr. John B. Chapman 
entered upon the south half of the old Garnett town- 
site, and claimed it under the pre-emption law of 
1841 ; and W. A. Johnson settled the north half of 
the old townsite of Troy, and claimed it under 
the same act ; and both Chapman and John- 
son established their right to pre-empt the land 
claimed b}^ them. 

On the 4th day of April, i860, the persons resid- 


ing on the north half of the south half and the south 
half of the north half of section 30, township 20, 
range 20 (that being the north half of the former 
townsite of Garnett and the south half of the former 
tovvnsite of Troy), associated themselves together 
as a town company, under the name of "The Town 
Company of Garnett," with a capital stock of $8,000, 
divided into two hundred shares of forty dollars 
each, for the purpose of o*btaining a title to the lands 
included in the townsite. 

On the 9th day of April, i860, a certiticate of in- 
corporation was made and filed with the Secretary 
of the Territory, as follows : 

'' This i.s to ccrtily tliut we, the uiidersiii-iit'd persons. 
have this day associated ourselves tociether and or<ianized 
ourselves into a town coini)any. under the iieneral incor- 
poration act of the Territory, to be styled 'The Town 
Coui])an\- of (larnett,' Avith a (•ai)ital stock of eiiilit thou- 
sand dollars, for the purpose of ()l)taining'. hy pre-enqjlion 
or otherwise, the title to the north half of the south half 
and the south half of the north ludf of section .SO. town- 
shij) 20, of range 20. and to improve the same. 

••1). ^V. HOUSTOX. 
''B. T). B?:nedict. 
"J. G. Smith. 
"C. P. At.vkv. 
"G. W. Il>EK. 

"M. J. Alkike. 

"B. F. KiDGEWAY." 

This was acknowledged before Charles Hidden, a 
justice of the peace, and the certificate was duly filed 
in the oftice of the Secretary of the Territor}" on 
the 14th day of May, i860. 


The compan}^ so organized, opened books for 
the subscription of stock. The following are the 
stockholders of the company, and the number of 
shares held b}' each : H. Cavender, C.J. Farley, 
J. B. Stitt, C. Hidden, A. Simons, J. L. Kercheval, 
G. A. Cook, J. C. Johnson, William Lampman, J. 
G. Smith, A.W. Ross,W. A. Johnson, H. Tefft, L. F. 
Busenbark, M. J. Alkire, Chris. Bowman, J. H. 
Howard, D. W. Houston, B. D. Benedict, Martin 
Setter, George W. Her, J. Q.. Tefft, John Johnston, 
Henry Neal, T. Lindsay, C. P. Alvey, B. F. Ridge- 
wa}', John Tefft, John S. Stowe, Harvey Springer, 
H^ugh Quinn, four shares each ; D. Frankenberger, 
J. R. Slentz, R. McLaughhn, Wm. McLaughhn, 
Robert Beck, J. Graham, F. G. Bruns, Joseph 
Wilhite, D. Bowman, George Tefft, John Parson, 
J. M. Alvey, S. J. Crawford, Junius Duran, Gifxord 
McAfee, James McLaughlin, S. B. Miller, Joseph 
Embry, A. McAfee, William Tefft, A. Rudd, 
Miram Pennock, N. Porter, Samuel Isaac, John 
Parker, three shares each : and G. W. Arrell, one 

The stockholders proceeded to elect the following 
persons as directors : D. W. Houston, J. G. Smith, 
C. P. Alvey, G. W. Her, B. D. Benedict, G. A. 
Cook, W. A. Johnson and Thomas Lindsay ; and 
the directors so chosen elected D. W. Houston, 
president: B. D. Benedict, vice president; J. G. 
Smith, secretary; and C. P. Alvey, treasurer. 

The company proceeded to have the townsite sur- 


veyed and laid off in streets, alleys, blocks and lots ; 
and caused a plat to be made, duly signed and ac- 
knowledged by the president, and filed for record 
in the office of the register of deeds of the county. 
The company then made application to J. Y. Camp- 
bell, probate judge of the county, requesting him to 
pre-empt the townsite for the use and benefit of the 
occuJDants thereof, for their several use and benefit, 
according to their respective interests. 

Judge Campbell, being the agent and attorney of 
the old Louisville Town Company, refused to do so. 

On the refusal of the probate judge to pre-empt 
the townsite as requested b}' the company, theA' 
petitioned him to grant an order declaring them a 
municipal corporation. 

Although the petition was signed bv more than 
two-thirds of the legal electors of the town, the 
Judge refused to make the order. The citizens held 
a mass meeting and appointed a committee, consis- 
ting of G. A. Cook, A. Simons and B. F. Ridge- 
way, to confer with the Judge, and ask him to grant 
the incorporation, but he still refused. The meet- 
ing then appointed a committee of fifteen to consult 
with him on the matter, but he still was obstinate 
and refused to grant the incorporation. Then the 
citizens applied to the Territorial Legislature, at its 
session in 1861, for a charter of incorporation ; and 
the House passed a bill in the early part of the ses- 
sion incorporating the town of Garnett. As soon 
as Judge Campbell learned that the effort was being 


made to have the town incorporated by the Legis- 
lature, he went before the Council and succeeded in 
defeating the measure before that body. So, at the 
close of the session of the Legislature in the winter 
of 1861, the citizens on the townsite were left in un- 
certaint}' as to the title of their possessions. 

Judge Campbell having been elected under the 
Wyandotte constitution, was to enter upon the duties 
of the office, under the State organization, for a 
term of two ve^irs. 

Matters began to assume a serious aspect ; there 
were about tive hundred inhabitants residing on land 
to which thev were justly and equitably entitled to 
have a clear title, but were kept out of it by the ac- 
tion of the probate judge. Thus matters remained 
until September, 1861, when the citizens requested 
1). W. Houston and W. A. Johnson to investigate 
the matter and see what steps could be legally taken 
to secure the rights of the citizens to their homes ; 
and on examination of the county records it was 
discovered that Campbell had not qualified as pro- 
bate judge in all respects according to law, so they 
procured certificates and affidavits of that fact and 
presented the matter to Governor Robinson, with a 
request for the appointment of Charles Hidden to 
the office of probate judge. The Governor, after 
examining the whole case, was satisfied that a \a- 
cancy existed, and commissioned Charles Hidden as 
probate judge for the county. 

The commission came late in the evening, and 


Hidden qualified that night, and next morning called 
on Campbell for the books and papers belonging to 
the office, which he refused to deliver up, so that 
it became necessary to get them by legal proceed- 
ings. Application was made to Judge S. O. Thacher 
for an order for the recovery of the books and rec- 
ords of the office. Campbell was duly notified of 
the application, and appeared at Lawrence and 
strenuously resisted the application : but, on a full 
hearing. Judge Thacher granted the order, and ad- 
dressed it to G. A. Cook, sheriff of Anderson 
county, directing him to seize the property and 
books belonging to the office and deliver the same 
to Charles Hidden, probate judge. From the judg- 
ment and order of Thacher, Campbell appealed to 
Thomas Ewing, chief justice of the Supreme Court, 

On receiving the order Sheriff Cook proceeded to 
execute the same ; but on entering the office found 
nothing but the seal of the court and an empt}^ desk. 
The seal had been left on the table by mistake. 
Cook notihed Campbell of his business, and seized 
the seal ; Campbell forbade him taking it, claiming 
it to be private property, whereupon Cook made an 
impression with the seal, which showed it to be the 
seal of the probate court, and took the seal, together 
with the desk, and delivered them to Hidden. 

On the yth day of October, 1861, Charles Hid- 
den, probate judge of Anderson county, by an or- 
der duly made, declared the town of Garnett a 
municipal corporation, in pursuance of the provis- 


ions of a law of Kansas, entitled, "-An act for the 
incorporation of towns and villages,"" approved 
Februarv i, 18 SO. in the name and stvle of the "In- 
habitants of the Town of Garnett," and at the same 
time appointed as trustees of the town, G. W. Her, 
Thomas Lindsay, G. A. Cook, B. F. Ridgewav 
and William McLaughlin. The trustees thus ap- 
pointed met and qualified on the same evening, and 
organized by selecting G. W. Her chairman, and G. 
W. Arrell as secretary. On the 17th day of Octo- 
ber, 1861, the chairman of the board of trustees 
pre-empted the townsite, in trust for the several use 
and benetit' of the occupants thereof. 

At the January term of the Supreme Court, 1862. 
the appeal taken by Judge Campbell was argued 
before Chief Justice Ev^ing, by Nelson Cobb for 
Campbell, and W. A. Johnson for Hidden. The 
Chief Justice took the case under consideration for 
about two weeks, and finally affirmed the order 
made bv Judge Thacher, which put at rest the pro- 
bate judgeship of Anderson county, and the title to 
the townsite. 

Durincf the two years that the title of the townsite 
was kept in a state of uncertainty by the obstinacy 
of the probate judge, very little improvement was 
made and but few setders located in the town. Then 
came the rebelHon, that kept all improvements from 
progressing for several years, until the close of the 

In 1858 the old Garnett town company built a 

ryb HISTORY of 

school house on the northwest corner of Seventh 
avenue and Oak street, and donated it to school 
district No. 2. This was the first public building in 
the town. It was used for all public meetings and 
for court pui'j^oses for three or four years. In 1862 
the district sold the building to H. Cavender for 
$300, and built a two-story frame building on the 
corner of Third avenue and Cedar street, at a cost 
of $3,500. In 1874 t^^ district built a brick school 
house, with stone basement, on the southwest cor- 
ner of Third avenue and Pine street, at a cost of 
$30,000. This is one of the best school houses in 
this part of the State. 

In 1864 a stone building was built on the public 
square, two stories high, for a jail and jailer's resi- 
dence, at a cost of $3,000. 

F. G. Bruns opened a furniture store on the cor- 
ner of Sixth avenue and Cedar street in 1857, and 
has continued in the business to the present time, 
now in partnership - with O. FabriciuS;, on Fifth 

Martin Setter established a boot and shoe shop on 
Sixth avenue in 1858, and has remained in the busi- 
ness since, and is now on Fifth avenue. 

Thos. J. Owen opened a saloon on Pine street in 
the spring of 1859. 

J. T. Purcell started a harness and saddle shop 
on the northeast corner of Fifth avenue and Pine 
street in 1858, and is now carrying on his business 


on Fifth avenue, on the south side of the pubhc 

G. W. Her and J. G. Smith opened a dry goods 
store on the southeast corner of Seventh avenue and 
Pine street in the summer of 1859, '^"^ continued 
till 1861, and sold to W. O. Cloud, who continued 
the business until 1866, when he removed the build- 
ing to Fifth avenue, on the south side of the public 
square, where he continued his business for a few 
years, until declining health compelled him to retire 
to private life. He died in 1868. 

C. P. Alvey opened a dry goods store in May, 
1859, ^^ Sixth avenue, in the house now occupied 
by L. Kolb as a residence. In i860 he removed 
into a two-story frame building on the northwest 
corner of Fourth avenue and Pine street, which he 
used as a dwelling and store until 1867, when he 
moved his store into his new stone building on the 
southwest corner of Fourth avenue and Oak street, 
where he continued his business until 1869. 

G. W. Her and W. J. Bayles formed a partner- 
ship in 1866, and opened a store as general mer- 
chants on Fifth avenue, on the south side of the 
public square, which was the hrst store building 
erected on the pubHc square, where they continued 
their business for several years. 

The Garnett House, on the southwest corner of 

Fourth avenue and Walnut street, was built in 1858 

by D. W. Houston, and opened as a hotel by Hiram 

Tefft in the fall of the same year. It was the first 



hotel in the town. There have been several addi- 
tions built to the building since. 

Bruns' Hall, a two-story frame building on the 
southwest corner of Sixth avenue and Cedar street, 
was the first hall in the town. It was built in i860, 
and was used for public purposes and for a court 
room ; and the Masons and Odd Fellows occupied 
it for several years, where both societies were or- 
ganized. It is now partitioned into small rooms, 
and occupied by George Vines as a dwelling. 

John S. Stowe opened the first meat market, in 

John Porter built a two-story frame dwelling on 
Fourth avenue, north side of the public square, in 
1859 ; the house now owned by E. S. Niccolls. 

Wilham Lambert started a blacksmith shop in the 
spring of 1859. 

Harvey Springer opened a wagon shop in 1859, 
and is still engaged in the same business. 

H. C. Moler built a two-story frame building on 
the northwest corner of Seventh avenue and Pine 
street, in 1863, and opened a dry goods and grocery 
store, and continued to do business there until 1867, 
when he removed his building to the northwest cor- 
ner of Fifth avenue and Oak street ; but soon after 
sold it, and it is now owned by W. H. Lott. 

C. P. Alvey built a two-story stone building on 
the southwest corner of Fourth avenue and Oak 
street in 1866. This was the first stone business 
house erected in the town. The second story was 


used for several years for a court room and public 
meetings ; but has been partitioned into rooms and 
occupied as offices. 

C. E. Dewey built a two-story frame house on the 
southwest corner of Seventh avenue and Main street 
in 1866, and opened a boarding house the same fall, 
which he has occupied until the present. 

L. Kolb opened a saloon on Sixth avenue in i860, 
and has been engaged in that business and in keep- 
ing restaurant ever since. 

John Dunn opened a drug store on the northeast 
corner of Fourth avenue and Pine street in 1865, 
and sold it to C. P. Alve}', who sold it to B. F. 
Pattee and D. R. Pattee in 1866, who remained in 
that business for four or live years. 

L. F. Busenbark opened a stove and tin shop on 
the northeast corner of Seventh avenue and Pine 
street in i860. 

Isaac Morley started a blacksmith shop on Fourth 
avenue in 1859, ^^^ continued it until 1861. 

A. L. Osborn opened a blacksmith shop in 1863. 

The Eagle mill was built by C. E. Wolfley andW. 
S. Vreeland in 1867, on Sixth avenue. It was a 
saw and flouring mill combined, and one of the best 
mills in Southern Kansas. It is now owned and 
operated by J. M. Stevenson & Co. 

M. B. Taylor built a two-story frame building on 
the northwest corner of Fourth avenue and Oak 
street in 1867, and opened a drug store therein. 


known as the "City Drug Store." The postoffice 
was kept in this building for several years. 

Isco Sutton opened a dr}' goods and grocer}- store 
on the southeast corner of Fifth avenue and Main 
street in 1867. 

The count V built a two-sto^y stone and brick 
buildinir for a court house on Oak street in 1868, 
where the count}' offices and records have been 
kept ever since the spring of 1869. 

E. I. Meeker opened a grocery store on Fifth 
avenue in 1868 : and afterwards removed his store 
to Oak street, and entered into partnership with M. 
L. White, and added dry goods to their stock. . 

L. Kolb built a one-story stone house on the north- 
west corner of Sixth avenue and Main street in 
1868, and opened a saloon therein. The house is 
now occupied for the same purpose by Jacob Askins. 

G. W. Osborn built a livery stable on Fifth av- 
enue in 1868, which is now operated by J. J. War- 

The Galveston House, on Seventh avenue, a two- 
story frame, w^as built by Riley Spriggs in 1868, and 
was destroyed by fire in 1871. 

John Ricketts opened the first lumber yard in the 
town in 1868. 

William Groll opened a grocery store on Fifth 
avenue, on the south side of the public square, in 
1868, and still continues the business, having added 
dry goods to his stock. 

Bruns & Fabricius built a one-story brick house 


for a furniture store and factory in 1868, and opened 
a store in it the same fall. 

H. C. Moler built a one-story brick house on 
Fifth avenue in 1868, and opened a grocery store 

Mrs. S.J. HamHton built a two-story stone house 
on Fifth avenue, on the south side of the public 
square, in 1869, and Mrs. S. J. Ross opened a gro- 
cery store in it the same year. 

J. W. Rice built a two-story brick house on 
Fourth avenue, west of the cit\' drug store, in 1869, 
and the postoffice was kept in this building for four 
or live vears. 

W. Huff built a two-story frame house on Fourth 
avenue, north of the public square, in 1869, and 
opened a jewelry, store in it the same year. 

W. H. Carson opened a dry goods store on the 
southwest corner of Fourth avenue and Oak street, 
in the Alvey building, in 1869, and afterwards 
formed a copartnership with Elias Norris. 

The Barber block, a two-story brick, on Fifth 
avenue, south of the public square, was built in 1869 
by F. G. and A. G. Barber. The Barber brothers 
opened a large dry goods store in the block the same 
year. In August, 1872, A. G. Barber withdrew, 
and F. G. Barber has carried on the business suc- 
cessfully ever since, in the same place. 

A. F. Royer & Co. opened a hardware store on 
Fifth avenue in 1869, and afterward sold to Elmer 


Golden and P. G. Noel, and they sold to Chas. W. 
De Wolf, who still continues the business. 

Knouff , Wittich & Grouse opened a grocery store 
on Fifth avenue and Main street, in the year 1869, and 
dealt in grain. This was the first grain store in the 
town, Knouff afterwards withdrew from the firm, 
and the business has since that time been carried 
on in the name of Wittich & Grouse. They added 
dry goods to their stock on the withdrawal of 

William Hamilton opened a boot and shoe store 
on Fifth avenue in 1869, and continued in that line 
of business until his death in December, 1875, and 
the business has been continued since his death by 
his widow, Mrs. S.J. Hamilton. 

Mrs. A. Lafert}^ opened a milliner}' store on Fifth 
avenue, south of the public square, in 1869. 

Brunswick Hall, on Fifth avenue, a two-story 
frame building, was built by John D. Gill in 1869, 
where he opened a saloon in 1870. 

J. P. Crane started a lumber yard on the north- 
west corner of Seventh avenue and Oak street in 
November, 1869. 

A. S. Meriam & Co. opened a lumber yard on 
Oak street in 1869. 

Edwards & Son opened a lumber yard on Main 
street in 1870. 

P. G. Noel opened a dry goods store on Oak 
street in 1869, and sold to Edgar Barnes. 

Elmer Golden opened a hardware store on Oak 


Street in 1869, and afterward formed a partnership 
with P. G. Noel in the store room now' occupied by 
C. W. De Wolf. 

The St. James Hotel, a three-story frame build- 
ing on Oak street, was built by G. A. Smith and L. 
H. Gordon in 1870, and opened in the same year, 
and is still occupied as such bv the same parties. 

A two-story brick and stone block was built on 
Oak street, extending from the southwest corner of 
Fifth avenue to the St. James Hotel, in 1870, bv 
John R. Foster & Co., E. I. Meeker, D. A. Perrin 
and Stouch & Vreeland. This block contains live 
business rooms below, and four halls above. The 
Stouch & Vreeland hall is the largest and finest in 
the city. 

John R. Foster & Co. started a bank on Fifth 
avenue, south of the public square, in x\pril, 1870. 
In 1872 "The Anderson County Savings Bank" was 
organized, with a capital stock of fifty thousand 
dollars. The tirst board of directors of the bank 
were W. H. Conover, E. I. Meeker, Thomas W. 
Foster, William Spriggs, Isaac Knouff, John R. 
Foster, A. Bergen, J. P. Crane and W. F. Smith. 
W. H. Conover was elected president, and John R. 
Foster, cashier. 

Joseph Coe and R. C. Marsh opened a grocery 
store on Fifth avenue in 1870. 

A. Kunkler opened a hardware store on Fifth 
avenue, south of the public square. May 10, 187 1, 
and remains in that business at the same place. 


]^. Kolb built a stone building, two-stories high, 
on Fifth avenue, south of the public square, in 1872, 
and opened a saloon therein. 

"The Citizens Bank of Garnett" was incorpora- 
ted on the 3d day of August, 1872, with a capital 
stock of one hundred thousand dollars. A. G. 
Barber, J. T. Lanter, Milton Mills, A. Simons, W. 
H.Lott, J. Q. Hutchinson and Joseph Slutz composed 
the hrst board of directors. John T. Lanter was 
elected president, and A. G. Barber, cashier. The 
bank is situated on the northwest corner of Fifth 
avenue and Oak street. 

O. E. Skinner opened a drug store on Fifth 
avenue in 1872, and sold it to W. R. Judson, jr., the 
same year, who continued in the business until 1876, 
when he sold it to Dr. G.J. Rogers and Jonathan 

The Novelty mill was built by W. S. Vreeland in 
1873. It was a first-class mill. In 1875 Vreeland 
sold the mill to D. W. Houston, who removed it to 

J. A. Gailey built a two-story stone house on 
Fourth avenue in 1870, and opened a drug store in 
it in 1872. 

George Patton and O. W. Wyatt opened a gro- 
cery store on Oak street on the 15th of February, 

J. H. Stewart opened a grocery store on Oak 
street in 1874, '^^^^ continued there until 1876 ; then 


removed to the south side of the pubhc square, where 
he continues his business. 

The Garnett cheese factory was put in operation 
by M. M. Minkler and J. C. Wooster in 1874. 

The above are some of the business men of Gar- 
nett : but various other business men and houses in 
the town, for want of space and time, are omitted. 

The following are the attorne3's that have had 
offices in the town : Sam'l Anderson, D. W. Hous- 
ton, W. A. Johnson, J. B. Stitt, Wm. Spriggs, J. G. 
Lindsay, B. D. Benedict, S. J. Crawford, A. W. 
Hazelrigg, Thornton A. Shinn, B. F. Ridgeway, A. 
Simons, M. A. Page, James F. Walker, J. J. Hoff- 
man, W. L. Pierce, H. W. Masters, Ellsworth, 

L. K. Kirk, R. E. Heller, A. Bergen, B. S. Wil- 
kins, H. L. Poplin and Milton Mills. 

Physicians : Thomas Lindsav, G. W. Cooper, 
Preston Bowen, J. Fitzgerald, John Buterbaugh, W. 
A. Walker, J. H. Whitford, O. E. French, J. W. 
Mackey, N. C. McMorris, G. J. Rogers, W. S. 
Lindsa}-, H. G. Wilcox. 

Successive city officers : On the 7th day of Oc- 
tober, 1861, G. W. Her, Thos. Lindsay, B. F. 
Ridgeway, G. A. Cook and William McLaughlin 
were appointed trustees, and they elected G. W. 
Her, chairman, and G. W. Arrell, clerk. February 
4, 1862, G. W. Arrell was appointed to fill the va- 
cancy' caused by the absence of G. A. Cook from 
the city. October 23, 1863, C. Hidden, G. A. 
Cook and 'SI. Puett were elected to fill vacancies 


occasioned by the enlistment of Thomas Lindsay 
and William McLaughlin in the army, and the re- 
moval of B. F. Ridgeway from the city. 

April 6, 1863, at the regular election for trustees, 
G. W. Her, G.W. Arrell. J. Graham, A. L. Osborn 
and C. Hidden were elected. 

April 3, 1865, at the annual election of city offi- 
cers, D. W. Houston, J. F. Walker, H. Cavender, 
H. Capper and J. T. Lanter were elected trustees. 

April, 1866, D. W. Houston, J. T. Lanter, T. G. 
Headlev, H. Cavender and G. W. Her were 
elected trustees. 

April I, 1867, D. W. Houston, T. G. Headley, 
G. W. Her, M. A. Page and J. T. Lanter were elec- 
ted trustees. 

April 6, 1868, as trustees, G. W. Her, J. T. Lan- 
ter, G. M. Everhne, W. S. Vreeland and J. G. 
Lindsay were elected. 

In 1869 the Legislature passed an act for the in- 
corporation of cities of the third class, which provided 
that all towns in the State of Kansas could become 
incorporated as cities of the third class, provided 
a majority of the legal voters of the town voted to 
accept the provisions of the law. On the 26th of 
Februar}', 1870, at a special election for the purpose 
of changing the municipal government to that of a 
city of the third class, there were 81 votes in favor 
of the proposition and one vote against it. 

April 4, 1870, at the annual election for city offi- 
cers, L. K. Kirk was elected mayor ; Joseph Coe, 


E. S. Hunt, John Cox, C. T. Chapin and C. P. Al- 
vey, councilmen. J. Q. Hutchinson was chosen 
clerk, and resigned, and F. G. Barber was selected 
for the remainder of the term. 

April 3, 1 87 1, John R. Foster was elected mayor ; 
A. F. Royer, A. Simons, J. S. Wilson, J. E. Tay- 
lor and F. G. Bruns, councilmen ; and John R. 
Whitney was chosen clerk. 

April I, 1872, J. P. Crane was elected mayor; 
A. F. Royer, Otto Fabricius, Solomon Kauffman, 
John Ricketts and J. C. W. Pearce, councilmen ; J. 
J. Hoffman, police judge. S. N. Williams was 
chosen clerk. 

April 7, 1873, J. P. Crane was re-elected mayor; 
John Ricketts, M. A. Crouse, Wm. BailHe, R. C. 
Marsh and J. Lamson, councilmen; B. S. Wilkins, 
police judge. G. M. Everline was chosen clerk. 

April 6, 1874, John T. Lanter was elected mayor ; 
Wesley Huff, Samuel Crum, James Watson, Solo- 
mon Kauffman and A. B. White, councilmen ; and 
M. A. Page, police judge. Thomas Bowles was se- 
lected clerk. 

April I, 1875, E. I. Meeker was elected mayor; 
W. §. Vreeland, J. M. Stevenson, J. P. Crane, L. 
PI. Gordon and W. H. Lott, councilmen ; J. M. 
Craig, police judge. J. Q. Whitford was chosen 

April 3, 1876, L. H. Gordon was elected mayor; 
W. H. Lott, J. M. Stevenson, W. S. Vreeland, O. 
W. Wyatt and F. G. Bruns, councilmen ; George 


L. Will, police judge. J. Q. Whitford was chosen 

Successive postmasters : 1858, Thomas Lindsay ; 
i860, C. P. Alve}' ; 1866, Isco Sutton : 1867, M. B. 
Taylor; 1869, J. W. Rice. 


" The Garnett Plaindealc?-,'' the J^irst Pafei' 
711 the County — ^'■Garnett Couraiit,"'' Established in 
1868 — '■''Garnett 'Journal^'' Established in j8*]j — 
Organization of Anderson County Fair Assoeia- 
tion — Organization of the Paola & Fall River 
Raihuay Company — Charitable Soeicties — Post- 
offices and Postmasters. 


The "Garnett Plaindealer" was established by 
I. E. Olney in January, 1865. It was a seven- 
column weekly paper, and the first newspaper pub- 
lished in the county. It ^vas edited and pubhshed 
by Mr. Olney until his death, in the fall of 1866, 
after which it was conducted b}- Mrs. Olney, and 
edited at short intervals by William Duncan, Geo. 


W. Cooper and Adrian Reynolds, until the spring 
of 1870, when it was purchased by L. J. Perry, 
who sold the old press and material, and put in a 
new Washington hand press and a Liberty job press, 
with new type, etc. Mr. Perry subsequently sold 
out to John S. Wilson, who published it for about 
two years, and sold it to W. R. Spooner, who added 
new material, enlarged the paper to eight columns, 
and conducted it in an able manner until the latter 
part of September, 1874, ^^'hen he sold to Kauffman 
& Her, who have since owned the paper. S. H. 
Dodge has edited it since that time. The "Plain- 
dealer," eince 1869, has been Republican in politics, 
and has continually labored for the improvement of 
the county and to promote the best interests of its 

The "Garnett Courant" was established by W. 
H. Johnson in 1868. It was a seven-column weekly 
paper, and was published only a short time, when. 
its proprietor removed to Council Grove, in Morris 
county, Kansas. 

"The Garnett Journal'' was established in Janu- 
ary, 1873, by G. W. Cooper. It is a weekly, 
seven-column paper, an advocate of no political 

The Anderson County Fair Association was or- 
ganiz^ed on the 15th day of November, 1873, as a 
joint stock company, with a capital stock of live 
thousand dollars. The following are the names of 
the charter members: Thomas Gowdy, J. E. 



White, John Moler, W. W. Kirkpatrick, J. S. Kirk- 
patrick and H- C. Reppert. The following named 
gentlemen constituted the first board of directors : 
J. Q. Bowdell, J. M. Jones, John Moler, G. W. 
Flint, R. T. Stokes, J. E. White, A. E. Rogers, C, 
S. Elder, R. H. Cunningham, W, A. Johnson, D. 
D. Judv, J. S- Kirkpatrick and M, E. Osborn. 
The association purchased forty acres of land one 
mile southwest of Garnett, and have commenced 
improving the grounds and erecting permanent 
buildings for the exhibition of all kinds of products, 
stock, &c. The association has held two fairs on 
the new fair grounds. The present officers of the 
association are J. E. White, president ; W. W. Kirk- 
patrick, secretary ; John R. Foster, treasurer ; 
Thomas Gowdy, A. T. Cook, Edward Rayn, W. 
H. Conover, A. C. Messenger, Robert Mundell, G. 
W. Her and L P. Sutton, directors. 

The first fair held in the county was in 1863. 

On the 15th day of March, 1870, a meeting was 
held in Garnett, at which the Paola & Fall River 
railway company was organized, with the following 
gentlemen as directors : Wm. Crowell, H. S. Camp- 
bell, H. H. WiUiams and S. R. Smith, of Miami 
county ; James Han way, of Franklin county : W. H. 
McClure, WilHam Spriggs, G. W. Her, E. S. Nic- 
colls and E. S. Hunt, of Anderson county; and N. 
S. Goss, of Woodson county. A certificate of in- 
corporation was prepared and filed with the Secre- 
tary of State, incorporating the company. 


This charter was signed by H. H. WilHams, S. 
R. Smith, William Spriggs, E. S. Niccolls and G. 
AV. Her, 

The board of directors, on the 21st of March, 
1870, qualified, and organized by electing William 
Spriggs, president: H. H. Williams, vice president: 
E. S. Niccolls, secretary, and G. W. Her, treasurer. 

The directors opened a book immediateh' for 
the subscription of stock, and soon procured the 
necessary amount of stock to be subscribed to pro- 
ceed with the business of the corporation. 

On the 14th day of September, 1871, a proposi- 
tion was submitted to the voters of Anderson county, 
to aid in the construction of the road by issuing one 
hundred and sixty thousand dollars of countv bonds. 
Six hundred and fifty-five votes were cast in favor 
of, and two hundred and eighty-three against, the 
proposition. The city of Garnett also voted fifteen 
thousand dollars of the bonds of the city to aid in 
construction of the road. Osawatomie township, 
in Miami county, voted twenty thousand dollars 
bonds, and Pottowatomie township, Frankhn county, 
voted twenty thousand dollars to the enterprise. 
The company had the line of road surveyed and 
located from Paola to Garnett in the fall of 1870. 

On the 25th day of August, 1873. the executive 
committee of the company met at Garnett and en- 
tered into a contract with M. S. Hall, an old rail- 
road contractor, to complete the road along its 
entire fine. Hall commenced the grading and 



masonry Avork at Paola in the latter part of 187J, 
and had the principal part of the grading and ma- 
sonry work, done to Garnett by the first of Decem- 
ber of that year ; but failing to raise the necessary 
money to pay his hands, he had to suspend opera- 
tions, after creating a debt of about tifty thousand 

The company then sought other contractors, and 
in March, 1874, tittered into a contract with C. H. 
Dillingham & Co., of N. Y., to complete the road. 
Dillingham & Co. put men on the work of construc- 
tion, but about the first of June of that year failed 
tinancially, and suspended work. 

In October, 1874, ^^^ company contracted with 
Cutler & Davis to complete the grading and masonry 
from Garnett to Le Roy, which they completed on 
the i8th day of December, following, which tinished 
the grading and masonry on the line from Paola to 
]^e Roy, a distance of sixty miles. 

The road still remains in this untinished condition. 

The company has labored earnestly for the com- 
pletion of the road, but the panic in money matters 
in 1873, and the active opposition of some leading 
men along the line, who are believed to be in the 
interest of other and rival roads and towns, have 
prevented its success. 


Delphian Lodge, No. 44, A. F. & A. M., of Gar- 
nett, was instituted in 1864, under a dispensation 
from the Grand Lodge of the State of Kansas, to 



W. C. McDow, J. T. Lanter, C. T. Chapin, M. A. 
Page, J. W. Stewart, I. E. Halloway, E. W. Robert- 
son and Benjamin Lawellin. The first officers of 
the lodge were : W. C. McDow, W. I\I. ; M. A. 
Page, S. W. ; E. W. Robertson, J. W. 

Zion Chapter, R. A. M., No. 24, was chartered 
in 1872, with the following members : W. H. 
Makeaney, J. T. Lanter, B. Pritchard, W. A. Gil- 
ham, J. f. B. Routh, E. L. Hawk, E. S. Niccolls, 
J. Falls, E. S. Doll. Officers: W. H. Makeaney, 
H. P. ; J. T. Lanter, K. ; B. Pritchard, S. 

Faith Chapter, No. 55, Eastern Star, was institu- 
ted May 25, 1876, with fort3'-three members. Offi- 
cers : Mrs. Ally Osborn, W. M. : Benjamin Pritch- 
ard, W. P. ; Mrs. Delia Hubbard, x\ssociate M. : 
E. S. Hunt, treasurer; G. A. Cook, secretary. 

Garnett Lodge, No. 16, L O. O. F., was instituted 
December 27, 1865, with the following charter mem- 
bers : L E. Olney, D. D. Judy, J. W., Stewart, A. 
M. MuHin, P. T. Mathews and G. W. Her. First 
officers: L E. Olney, N. G. ; C. P. Alvey, V. G. ; 
G. W. Arrell, secretary; G. W. Cooper, treasurer. 

Wildey Encampment, No. 11, was organized in 
1869, with a membership of 19, with the following 
officers: J. L. Kercheval, C. P.; G. W. Her, H. 
P. ; M. B. Taylor, S. W. ; Jacob Schull, J. W. ; E. 
S. Niccolls, Scribe; F. G. Bruns, treasurer. 

Rebekah Degree Lodge, No. 11, was instituted 
July II, 1874, with sixteen charter members. Offi- 
cers : M. A. Page, N. G. ; Mrs. M. J. Kauffman, 


V. G. ; C. E. Dewey, secretary ; Mrs. E. G. Mc- 
Donald, treasurer. 


Greeley, D. W. Smith ; Garnett, J. W. Rice ; 
Central City, J. M. Aldridge ; Ozark, Mrs. J. Hall ; 
Mineral Point, T. L. Harford ; Emerald, Terrance 
McGrath ; Rich, B. F. Reiber : Colony, J. M. Ford ; 
Welda, J. M. Kauble ; Sugar Valley, J. T. Weeden ; 
Cherry Mound, J. M. Hill; Elizabethtown, J. B. 


Spanish Fever Among the Cattle — Locusts, or 
Grasshoppers — Synopsis oj" the Seasons. 

During the early settlement of the count}', Texas 
cattle were driven annually through the country ; 
and, after the}' had passed, a terrible disease would 
break out among the native cattle, in most cases 
proving fatal. It was called Spanish fever. Its cause 
was made a matter of investigation by cattle raisers 
and scientific men, but no satisfactory conclusion 
was attained. The disease was the cause of much 


legislation, and vexatious law-suits. The county 
suffered severely from its destruction of native cat- 
tle. Committees were organized by the people to 
prevent Texas cattle from being driven through the 
county, but often the cattle would be driven through 
before the committees would have knowledge of 
their being in the neighborhood. 

The disease made its first appearance in the 
county in 1857, and continued annually until 1861, 
when Texas cattle were not driven through the coun- 
try, because of the war, until 1866, when they were 
acj'ain driven through and the disease as before 
appeared. Since the building of railroads, and cattle 
are shipped over them, but little trouble has resulted 
to the native cattle by the disease. 

The locusts, commonly called grasshoppers, have 
for some years past, in the frontier States, been, in 
localities, very destructive to crops and vegetation. 
Having visited Kansas several times, it is just that 
some account of their visitations be given, in brief, 
in this volume. 

The first account we have of their appearance in 
Kansas, is from Father John Shoemaker, of Osage 
Mission. He says : " They came down in August, 
1854, ^^^'^ ^ ^^^^ °^ snow.'' The}^ deposited their 
eggs in the earth, which hatched out in the spring 
of 1855, destroyed all the crops and grass in the 
vicinity of Osage Mission, and in their flight north- 
ward in July the}' came down in the northeast part 
of Anderson county, stopped two or three days. 


destro3'ed all the young crops in that vicinity, and 
again took their flight. Their next appearance was 
in September, i860. The " Conservative" of Ma}- 
21, 1861, says : 

" Jiulye Lanibdin, who is just from Butler county, states 
that the reports of damage done by grasshoppers are not 
exaggerated. The insects have traveled a belt of country 
about six miles wide, devouring every g-reen thing ; young- 
tields of wheat have been completely destroyed by their 
ravages — not one blade remaining. Early corn and vege- 
tables, and the foliage of trees, have suffered with equal 
severity. The evil seems to be on the increase, with no 
nieans of prevention." 

They departed for the northwest about the middle 
of June. 

Again they came in September, 1866, reaching 
the northwestern part of the State about the first of 
the month. The "Wyandotte Gazette" of the 5th 
of that month says : 

"Between Topeka and AVamego they till the air like 
snow-flakes in a winter storm." 

They reached Anderson count}' on the loth day 
of September, in vast swarms, destroying every ves- 
tige of vegetation in their course. They deposited 
their eggs all over the face of the earth. The w^in- 
ter following was wet and cold, with frequent thaws, 
which damaged their eggs so that but comparatively 
few hatched out in the following spring. They did 
but little damage in the spring of 1867. They took 
their flight to the northwest about the middle of 
June, to visit the place of their ancestors, to propa- 


gate their species and increase their numbers for a 
future invasion. 

In 1874 the}' made their appearance in this county 
on the 22d day of August, in numbers innumerable. 
They came from the northwest, at first Hke flakes 
of snow in the winter time, and then in clouds, 
destroying all vegetation, remaining and depositing 
their eggs in vast numbers. By reason of the dry 
summer season, much of the crops matured early. 
The secretar}^ of the Anderson County Fair Asso- 
ciation, in his report to the State Board of Agricul- 
ture, says : 

"More than half tlie corn had been cut and saved, but 
the balance standing has been materially injured. The 
fruit is reported as being entirely safe from their depre- 
dations. They are diminishing, and have deposited but 
few eggs ; in some portions of the county, none."' 

In October the State Board of Agriculture ad- 
dressed a circular letter to the di*fferent county 
societies, asking for a statement of estimated desti- 
tution of the counties in consequence of the ravages 
of grasshoppers. The secretary of the Anderson 
County Fair Association, in answer to the question 
whether there would be a surplus of breadstuff and 
meat, says : 

" We think there is enough provision for the people of 
the county. No person need suffer except through care- 
lessness or want of work." 

Under the head of remarks, he adds : 

" Corn, and feed of that kind, is high, but hay plenty, 
and the fall favorable for stock. Our stock of cattle and 


hogs is light. Some work can be liad, though at not very 
higl> i)rioo.s. We tliink tliere will not be much scarcity, 
and probably no suffering this winter for want of provis- 

The winter was dr}' and remarkably favorable to 
the preservation of the eggs of the grasshoppers. 
They commenced hatching about the first of 
April, in vast numbers, along the timber and low 
lands, emerging in such numbers as to devour every 
irreen thing in about two-thirds of the county- In 
some places they drifted up two or three inches 
deep, and remained for weeks, in many places pro- 
ducing a sickening odor, and the people in many 
places, because of them, had to keep the doors of 
the houses closed all the time. The tame grasses, 
as well as the wheat, corn, oats and garden vege- 
tables, were destroyed by them, and fruit trees'were 
in many cases badly damaged. They commenced 
their departure' on the loth day of June, and by the 
1 6th of the month had principall}^ disappeared to the 
northwest, to again visit the land of their fathers to 
recruit a large army. 

Each time they appear with greater numbers than 
on the preceding one. Their first invasions were 
in small, detached divisions, in different portions of 
the country : but the latter inroads have covered hun- 
dreds of miles in breadth. Should they continue to 
return, increasing in the same proportion, for a few 
years, with that of the last twenty 3'ears, it will be 
difficult to subsist them west of the Mississippi river, 


and they will probably visit the fertile helds of Illi- 
nois, Michigan and other States further east. 


1854 • Beautiful spring and mild summer, but 
rather dry ; fair crop of corn raised for the amount 

1855 : Severe and cold winter ; pleasant spring : 
warm summer ; good crops of all kinds : prairie 
grass luxuriant. 

1856: Cold winter : early spring: dry summer; 
short crops ; fine growth of prairie grass. 

1857 : Mild winter; early spring; warm summer, 
with but little rain : fair crops. 

1858 : Warni, wet winter ; spring early ; good crops 
of all kinds ; extraordinary growth of prairie grass ; 
heavy rains. 

1859 • Winter warm and dry ; early spring ; rainy 
summer ; heavy rains in June ; high rise of water, 
the streams being' the hicrhest since the settlement of 
the countr}* ; great damage done by the overflow of 
the bottoms along the streams ; fine crop of corn 
raised ; luxuriant growth of prairie grass. 

i860 : Cold winter ; early spring ; dry summer ; 
but htde rain from August, 1859, ^o October, i860 ; 
streams dry ; crops almost an entire failure ; grass 
too short to mow for hay. 

1 86 1 : Mild winter ; pleasant spring and summer, 
and abundance of rain ; good crops of all kinds. 

1862 : Cold winter ; early spring : summer dry ; 


crops poor ; chinch bugs made first appearance, do- 
ing great damage to corn and spring wheat. 

1863 r Mild winter ; wet spring and summer ; good 
crops ; a frost in August did some damage. 

1864: Severe winter; pleasant spring and sum- 
mer ; fair average crops. 

1865 : Mild winter ; earh' spring : rainy season ; 
high water ; good crops. 

1866 : Warm and wet winter and spring ; summer 
wet ; average crops. 

1867 : Cold winter ; pleasant spring : warm sum- 
mer ; good crops. 

1868 : Mild winter ; dr}' spring and summer : 
short crop, being seriouslv injured by chinch bugs. 

1869 : Mild winter ; wet spring and summer : high 
waters ; good crops. 

1870 : Cold winter ; early spring.; mild summer ; 
poor crops. 

1871 : Cold winter ; early spring ; mild summer ; 
average crops. 

1872 : Mild winter and spring : wet summer ; high 
water; good crops. 

1873 : Cold winter : heavy snow ; early spring ; 
warm summer ; average crops. 

1874 • Mild winter : dry spring and summer ; 
crops seriously injured by chinch bugs and dr}^ 

1875 • Cold winter ; early spring ; wet summer 
and fall ; finest crops that had been produced for 
several years. 


Religions Zeal of the Early Settlers — Churches 
— Educational Interests — Eormation of School Dis- 
tricts — Building School Houses — Value of School 
Buildings, etc. 

The earlv settlers of Anderson county, like the 
Pilgrim Fathers, were imbued with a religious zeal ; 
for no sooner was a small settlement made in any 
locality than a religious society was organized and 
preparations made for religious services, notwith- 
standing the Territory was overrun by ruffians and 
semi-barbarians, intent on establishing slavery in 
Kansas. The settlers would, each Sabbath, meet 
for divine worship in their rude cabins, or in the 
beautiful groves, "God's first temples," in the sum- 
mer time. The many church edifices in the county 
attest their steadfast devotion to the cardinal prin- 
ciples of true faith handed down to them from the 
primitive days of the church. 

"Saint Boniface" Catholic church, in Putnam 
township, on the North Pottowatomie, was the first 
church building erected in the county, in 1858. Un- 
der the charge of Father Albert Heinmann, in 1871 
this society built a college building in the same 
neighborhood, and called it "Mount Carmel," and 


has maintained a fine school therein for the educa- 
tion of the youth. 

The United Brethren denomination have an or- 
ganization and church building in the town of Gree- 
ley. The building was commenced in 1859. 

The Methodist Episcopal church has a good sub- 
stantial church building at Garnett ; also a large 

The United Presbyterians, in i860, erected a good 
and substantial church edifice in Garnett. The 
membership of this church, at Garnett, is the 
strongest in the county, and also the largest in the 

The First Baptist churcii in Garnett was organ- 
ized in i860, and has a new church edifice, with a 
good membership. 

The First Presbyterian church in Garnett was or- 
ganized in 1868, and in 1870 built a neat, substan- 
tial building, and has a good living membership. 

In 187 1 the Catholics of Garnett erected a neat 
stone church building, and have a respectable mem- 
bership in their organization. 

The Catholics have a large membership and good 
church building at Emerald. Also, on the North 
Pottowatomie, near the west line of the county, they 
have a small church. 

The Christian church of Garnett have a neat lit- 
tle church building, and a small membership. The 
building was erected in 1872. 

The African Methodist Episcopal church of Gar- 


nett have a small stone church building, called 
Quinn Chapel, erected in 1874. The membership 
is small. 

The Second Baptist church of Garnett (colored) 
have a small church building and small membership. 

The Presbyterians have a good church and build- 
ing at Central City. 

The Free Methodists have a church orefanization 
in the county, but no church building ; and there 
are other church denominations in the county that 
have no buildings for worship. They usually hold 
their services in the school houses in their vicinit}^ 
or in private dwellings of their people. 

The education of the youth received the early at- 
tention of the settlers in the county. The formation 
of school districts and the erection of school houses 
were first attended to, after necessaries for susten- 
ance were procured. As soon as children enough 
in number could be collected in the neighborhood 
to commence a school, a school house was built and 
a teacher employed to instruct them. The people 
regarded the common schools as the palladium of 
liberty, which the schools and school houses of the 
county attest. The facilities for an education are 
far greater in the county than in many of the States 
who have the age of half a century. Eighteen 
years ago not a school house in the county, which 
now can boast of sixt3'-two good substantial school 
houses, of the value of sixty-two thousand dollars, 
with furniture of the value of forty thousand dollars. 


as shown by the report of the superintendent of 
public instruction for 1875, with sixty-five school 
districts organized. 

John R. Slentz was the first superintendent of 
public instruction of Anderson county, appointed b}- 
Hugh S. Walsh, Secretar}^ and acting Governor, 
on the i6th day of December, 1858. 

The first school district was organized soon after, 
in Putnam township, and Alexander Garrett, James 
Farrah and Wm. Puett were elected the first school 

The following- districts were also formed the same 
year: No. 2. Officers: Wm. Smith, Chas. Hid- 
den and D. W. Houston. No. 3. Officers : C. W. 
Fraker, Wm. L. Webster and D. D. Judy. No. 4. 
Officers: James E. White, Richard Robinson and 
Isaac Hiner. No. 5. Otficers : Wm. Rison, Wm. 
Lampman and Geo. W. Simons. No. 6. Officers : 
Rufus Gilpatrick, J. T. Lanter and B. F. Smith. 
No. 7. Officers: Francis A. Hart, A. W.Jones and 
John B. Dilday. No. 8. Officers: Henry Williams, 
Anson Rudd and Wm. Agnew. No. 9. Officers : 
James Farrah, Benoni Brown and Thos. G. Head- 
ley. No. 10. Officers: Stephen Marsh, C. C. 
Haskins and Oliver Marsh. No. 11. Officers: Wm. 
Dennis, Wm. R. Vanscoyoc and Jeptha Lawellin. 

Six districts were organized in 1859, ^^^'^ ^^ i860, 
two in 1861, one in 1862, one in 1863, four in 1864, 
one in 1865, three in 1866, one in 1867, one in 1868, 
two in 1869, eight in 1870, eight in 187 1, two in 


1872, seven in 1873, four in 1874, ^"^ O"^ i" 1875, 
making 65 in all. 

The number of children of school age in 1858 
was 435 ; in 1876, 2,096. 

The amount of State and county school funds dis- 
bursed among the several districts in 1858 was 
$297.55: in 1876. $3,379.82. 


Prominent Men of Anderson Conniy. 

Dr. Rufus Gilpatrick came to the Territory of 
Kansas in the spring of 1855, and settled in the 
northeastern part of the county. He was one of the 
most active and energetic men of the Territory. He 
was a physician by profession, a Republican in poli- 
tics, an active leader in the Free State cause ; a man 
of sound judgment, large experience, and well-in- 
formed in political tactics ; was often consulted as 
to the best means of securing the rights of Free State 
men against the Pro-Slavery party. He was always 
ready when needed to defend the cause of free- 
dom, and did \'aluable service in behalf of his 


country. He was an object of hatred to the Pro- 
Slavery party : and when a marauding party of the 
Rutfians visited Kansas, in this portion of the coun- 
try, it would make an effort to capture him, but he 
always succeeded in evading them. He tilled prom- 
inent positions in the county and Territory, He 
was one of the delegates from the county to the 
convention that assembled at Osawatomie on the 
i8th day of May, 1859, that organized the Republi- 
can party in the Territory ; was on the committee on 
platform, and took an active part in preparing the 
same, and in the debates of that body. He was 
elected superintendent of public instruction of the 
county in 1859 • was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in i860, and was in the Legislature at the 
time Kansas was admitted into the Union. He was 
as earnest a worker in the Legislature as this county 
has ever had. He was the author of the resolution 
for the appointment of a ''committee to investigate 
the claims issued under 'A.n act to provide for the 
adjustment and payment of claims,' and supplemen- 
tal thereto, passed February 7, 1859, '^"'^^ to inquire 
what attempts, if any, have been made to foist a 
portion of said claims as a debt on the Territory, 
and to inquire what attempt has been made to- es- 
tablish banking institutions upon said claims, so 
attempted to be foisted upon the Territory, and to 
inquire into all matters connected with or growing 
out of said claims under said act, with full power to 
send for persons and papers," &c. He was made 


chairman of the committee, and the report that he 
made on the matter to the House proves that he was 
able to cope witli the most difficult questions. It is 
one of the most complete investigations and reports 
that could be made, which developed one of the 
most stupendous frauds that was ever attempted to be 
put into operation against the public, and to force 
upon the Territory and new State to pay, which was 
refuted by the sagacity of such men as Gilpatrick. 
He returned from the Legislature, after the admis- 
sion of Kansas as a State, and resumed his duties as 
superintendent of public instruction. At the out- 
break of the rebellion he entered the service as a 
secret detective on the border (a most difficult and 
hazardous service), and continued in this service 
until the 25th dav of April, 1863, when, at the 
battle of Webber's Falls, in the Indian Territory, he 
went outside the lines to attend some wounded rebel 
soldiers, and, while dressing their wounds, a squad 
of rebel§ rode up and called him out and shot him 
dead. His bod}' fell, pierced by a dozen bullets. 
He was buried at Fort Gibson. In his death the 
army lost a brave soldier, and the country a true 

Among the noted settlers in the northeastern por- 
tion of the county, of 1855, was W. C. McDow, of 
Mississippi. He settled near Greeley, on the farm 
now owned bv Reuben Lowa-v- He was anti-slaver^• 
in pohtics. He was, in 1856, appointed justice of 
the peace, and elected to that office for a number of 


years thereafter. He was a preacher, and held the 
lirst quarterl}' meeting in the county, in the fall of 
1856. He has lived a consistent christian life, re- 
spected in his neighborhood. 

Among the early settlers of the county Alanson 
Simons is worthy of notice. He came from the State 
of Ohio, and settled on the Pottowatomie, two miles 
east of Garnett, in May, 1856, and was a reliable 
Free State man. He took an active part in that 
cause in the early struggles in the Territory. He 
was a member of the Pottowatomie guards, and did 
valuable service therein. He selected a claim, im- 
proved and pre-empted it, and has made of it a fine 
and valuable farm. No man in the county has been 
more highly and repeatedly honored than he, which 
is shown by the number of positions of trust which 
he has held. He discharged the duties of these 
offices with satisfaction to the people and credit to 
himself. He went into the army in 1862, and served 
until the close of the war. He now resides on his 
farm, deservedly enjo3^ing the fruits of his labors. 

On the 15th of March, 1857, a colony of about 
fifty persons left Scipio, Jennings county, Indiana, 
for Southern Kansas. William Spriggs, George S. 
King, Sarah Spriggs, J. M. Johnson, Benjamin 
Spriggs, Tobias May, Morgan Heflin, James Spriggs, 
Riley Spriggs and B. P. Brown, and each of their 
families, and J. C. Johnson, Hiram Spriggs and A. 
Heflin belonged to the colony. On the 20th day of 
April following the colony arrived in Anderson 


count}^ and settled in the neighborhood of Scipio. 
They at once selected claims and commenced erec- 
ting cabins, breaking prairie and opening farms. 
By the first of September they had some ten houses 
built, and families liying in them. William Spriggs 
and Morgan Heflin opened a store at a little town 
selected by them, called Fairvie\v, where they kept 
such articles as were most needed by the colonists. 

During that spring a number of settlers located in 
the neighborhood, among whom were Leander Put- 
nam, Cornelius Anderson, H. Cavender, John H. 
Best, Jackson Reed, Nathaniel Cottle, B. F. King, 
Thomas G. Headley, Rev. Hugh Reed, Chester 
Cummings, G. W. FHnt, A. D. Jones, B. L. Ad- 
ington and John S. Jones. On the arrival of the 
colony they found Rezin Porter, James Black, Jack- 
son Black, Mrs. Totton, E. P. Bangus, G. W. Yan- 
dall, WiUiam Tull, William Puett,John H. Wolken, 
Henry Feuerborn and Christian Feuerborn. The 
colony settled in what is now Putnam township. In 
the summer of 1858 the colony laid out a town and 
called it Scipio, which never had any existence ex- 
cept on paper. The neighborhood where the col- 
ony settled is one of the most beautiful and well- 
improved portions of the county. 

William Spriggs was the leading man of the col- 
ony. He was a lawyer by profession, had been an 
Old Line Whig, was a radical Republican when he 
came to the Territory, and has held many responsi- 
ble positions and offices. He was elected delegate 


to the constitutional convention, known as the Leav- 
enworth convention, and served with distinction in 
that body. He was elected judge of the Fourth 
judicial district in October, 1858. He was elected 
to the Territorial Legislature, where he did good 
service on the judiciary corrimittee. 

The White Cloud Chief , pubHshed by Sol. Miller, 
in its issue of March 4, 1859, ^" speaking of the 
Legislature that had just adjourned, speaks in the 
following complimentary terms of the Hon. W. 
Spriggs, of Anderson county : 

" Among the members Avortli}" of thanks from their con- 
stituents, and from the citizens of the Territory generally, 
r would mention Lewis and Larzelere, of Donii>han 
county ; A^ail, of Marshall county, and Spriggs, of Anderson 
county. * * * * Lewis and Spriggs, of the 
judiciary committee, worked faitlifully and earnestly in 
committee room and in the House, and no two others of 
that body did half so much to perfect the business in a 
manner satisfactorially to all. * * * a few 

more such men as I have mentioned, and Kansas would 
have a Legislature not far in the rear of the Eastern States." 

In December, 1859, he was elected senator from 
this district, under the Wyandotte constitution, and 
was in the first Legislature of the State ; was a mem- 
ber of the court of impeachinent that tried Gov. 
Charles Robinson for high crimes and misdemean- 
ors in office. In 1862 he was elected Treasurer of 
State, and re-elected in 1864, which ofiice he filled 
with entire satisfaction to the people, and credit to 
himself and the State. In March, 1867, he was ap- 
pointed judge of the Seventh judicial district, and 


served in that capacity until January, 1868. He has 
been one of the most active men that ever came to 
the State. He was one of the projectors of the 
Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston railroad ; 
spent more money and time that was never repaid 
in procuring it than any other man. He paid for 
the surv^ey of the road from Lawrence to Garnett 
out of his own money, and has never received any- 
thing for his time and money. He was one of the 
originators of the Paola & Fall River railroad, and 
has given his time and money to secure its construc- 
tion, with some prospect of success. While he 
is entitled to more credit for the improvements in 
the county than any other man, he has received 
more abuse and condemnation than all other men in 
the county ; but, to his credit, the abuse came from 
a class of persons always opposed to public enter- 
prise and improvement : a class of chronic grum- 
blers and defunct politicians. His labors will re- 
dound to the benetit of the country, and his name 
be honored long after his traducers have been for- 

Henderson Cavender, another prominent settler 
near Scipio, came to the county in 1857. He has 
held several prominent positions. He was twice 
elected county treasurer ; three times to the Legis- 
lature : and three times as county commissioner. 
He has held other positions. He was an active, 
energetic man, and entitled to great credit for his 
labors in behalf of the county. He, like many 


Others, made somii mistakes in judgment, which 
embarrassed him financially. He sold his property 
and removed to Johnson county, Kansas, and now 
resides at Shawnee Mission. 

Thomas G. Headley was a noted settler, near 
Scipio, of 1857. He was twice elected county 
treasurer, twice county commissioner, and once a 
member of the Legislature. He never acquired 
much property, his liberality and charitv being too 
great for him to become wealth}-. He died, in Gar- 
nett, in 1870, a good citizen, highl}' respected, a 
member of both fraternities, the Masons and Odd 

Leander Putnam is among the noted settlers in the 
Scipio neighborhood of 1857. He has been elected 
to many offices of his township. He was elected 
justice of the peace in 1859, ^"^ held that ofiice for 
several years. He has been elected trustee and as- 
sessor several times. Is a good, quiet, respectable 

Dr. Thomas Lindsay located in Garnett in 1857. 
He came from Iowa, is a native of Ohio, had been 
engaged in his profession several years prior to his 
coming to Kansas. He was a prominent Free State 
man, participated in most of the political discussions 
during the early settlement, and has since held sev- 
eral prominent positions. In 1859 ^^ ^'^^ elected to 
the House of Representatives, and was an earnest 
worker in that body. In 1862 he was commissioned 
surgeon in the Twelfth regiment of Kansas volun- 


teers, and served as such until the close of the war, 
when he returned and was again elected to the Leg- 
islature in 1866. He was a member of the Legisla- 
ture when Pomeroy and Ross were elected to the 
United States Senate, He is now enjoying a large 
practice in his profession, having principall}' retired 
from political life. 

G. A. Cook, of Sandusk}' county, Ohio, in March, 
1857. settled three miles northeast of Garnett, took 
a claim and opened a tine farm. In 1857 he was 
appointed sheriff, and subsequently was elected and 
held the office until January, 1861. In 1862 he 
was elected justice of the peace, and held that office 
until January, 1870, w^hen he again resumed the 
duties of sheriff, having been elected to that office 
in November, 1869. He was again elected justice 
of the peace in 1873, which position he still occu- 
pies. He has been a faithful officer. He was a re- 
liable Free State man of public spirit, and ready at 
all times to assist public enterprises. 

Samuel S. Tipton came to the county in 1857 : 
settled in the west part of the county, at the place 
known as Mineral Point. He was one of the most 
prominent Free State men in the western part of the 
county. He took an active part in most of the po- 
litical meetings in the county. He was the president 
of the convention that organized the Republican 
party in the count}-. He brought with him to Kan- 
sas a lot of forty-live thoroughbred cattle, and was 
considered for a number of years the first cattle 



man in the State. He has dealt extensively in blooded 
cattle, and remains in that lucrative business. 

William Dennis came to the county in 1857, from 
Indiana. He has been a prominent man in his town- 
ship, a radical Republican, and leader in his party. 
He has been elected justice of the peace and trustee 
several times, tilling the offices with satisfaction to 

James G. Blunt settled on a claim northwest of 
Greeley, in the forks of Pottowatomie, in the winter 
of 1856. He came from Ohio ; was a doctor by 
profession : a Republican in politics. He practiced 
his profession until the breaking out of the rebel- 
lion. In 1859 ^^ ^^^^ ^ member of the Wyandotte 
constitutional convention, and participated in most 
of the debates in that body. In 1861 he entered 
the army as lieutenant colonel, was soon thereafter 
promoted to the rank of brigadier general, and for 
meritorious sei-vice, in 1863, was promoted to major 
general. He was the only officer of that rank from 
Kansas. He distinguished himself as a soldier in many 
important battles during the rebellion. He was a 
good officer. After the close of the war he removed 
with his family to Leavenworth, where he now re- 
sides. His name is familiar in national history as 
General Blunt, and will live as long as our nation's 
history of the rebellion exists. 

D. W. Houston, of Pennsylvania, came to Kan- 
sas in 1858 ; a lawyer, a Republican, an active man 
in politics. He succeeded in his practice of the 


law, had a good practice in this and other counties, 
and did much to develop the county. He entered 
the army in 1861 as a first lieutenant in the Seventh 
Kansas cavalry volunteers : was soon promoted to 
captain, and then to Heutenant colonel; but faihng 
liealth compelled him to resign in 1864, when he 
was elected to the State Senate. In 1869 he was 
appointed United States marshal for the district of 
Kansas, and soon thereafter his familv remo\ed to 
Leavenworth, where he now resides. 

Preston Bowen came to Garnett in 1857, from the 
State of Illinois. He was a ph^-sician, a Democrat 
in politics, and has been a prominent man in the 
county. He opened the first dry goods store in the 
county, in May, 1857, in a log cabin in Garnett. 
He soon thereafter removed his store to Shannon, 
where the count}' seat then was located. He has 
been elected county commissioner twice, and made 
an efficient officer. He still resides on his farm, on 
the old townsite of Shannon. 

A. G. West settled on the Osage, a small stream 
in the southeastern part of the county, in 1857. He 
was from Ohio, a Free State man, a Republican, 
and participated in the many difficulties of the early 
settlement of the county. He was one of Mont- 
gomery's men. Has held several prominent posi- 
tions. He was once treasurer of the county, and 
brouirht order out of chaos. He served as an 
efficient member, one term, in the Legislature. He 

2l6 . • HISTORY OF 

is a successful farmer, and owns one of the finest 
farms in the county. 

Joseph Price, a native of North Carolina, came 
from Illinois to the southern part of the county in 
1858. He was one of the proprietors of Elizabeth- 
town, a prominent man, and held several township 

Thomas J. Day was the first settler on Deer 
creek. He came there in 1855. He was one of 
the first commissioners of Allen county ; and was 
one of the proprietors of Elizabeth town. He is a 
practical farmer, a good citizen, and owns a good 
farm in the southern part of the county, where he 

Among the earh' settlers in the western portion 
of the county none deserv-es mention more than 
Solomon Kauffman, who came to the county in 
May, 1856, and settled on a quarter-section of land, 
built a cabin and made other improvements, and 
finally pre-empted it. He came from Iowa to Kan- 
sas, when a young man, full of energy and resolute 
in purpose. He took an active part in the affairs 
and difficulties in the county and Territory. When 
serious troubles arose in the summer of 1856, he 
enlisted in the Free State volunteer service, under 
Gen. J. H. Lane, and afterwards joined the Free 
State militia, under Captain Samuel Walker, of Law^- 
rence, and served in his company until the close of 
the troubles, in December, 1856. He was present 
at Topeka at the meeting of the Free State Legisla- 



ture, on the Fourth of July, 1856, when that body 
was dispersed by United States soldiers. He was 
there to aid the Free State men in whatever reso- 
lutions the wisdom of that body should decide upon. 
He was a delegate to the Free State convention at 
Grasshopper Falls, in 1857, and participated in its 
deliberations. He was nominated for probate judge 
of Anderson county, in 1857, and received a major- 
ity of all the votes cast in the county. In 1858 he 
was elected chairman of the board of supervisors of 
Reeder township, and was the first chairman of the 
board after the organization of the township. In 
1861 he was elected county assessor. When the 
news of the surrender of Fort Sumter reached 
Kansas, the loyal men began to prepare for the con- 
flict. The settlers in the vincinity of Cresco and 
Central City met at the house of Mr. Kauffman, and 
at once organized a company of militia. Kauffman 
was elected captain, and was commissioned by the 
Governor. J. R. Eaton was elected first lieutenant, 
and H. N. F. Reed second lieutenant. The com- 
pany numbered forty-five rank and file, and met 
ever}'^ Saturday for company drill. In August, 1861 , 
when it was apparent that troops were needed in 
active service, he bade farewell to his company of 
militia and volunteered as a private soldier in the 
Third regiment of Kansas volunteers, commanded 
by Col. James Montgomery. He served as a private 
soldier until the nth day of September, 1862, when 
he was promoted to the rank of first lieutenant, 


and assigned to L compan}-. Third regiment, In- 
dian brigade, commanded by Col. Wm. A. Phillips, 
and on the 28th of Ma}-, 1863, he was promoted to 
the rank of captain, and placed in command of a 
battery at Fort Gibson, in the Indian Territory-, in 
which capacity he serv^ed to the close of the war, 
and was mustered out of the service \^'ith his com- 
pany on the 31st of May, 1865. Soon after his re- 
turn he married Miss M. J. Patton and returned to 
his farm, where he remained until the fall of 1868, 
when he was elected clerk of the district court, and 
made a first-class officer in that position for two 
years, and then went into the real estate business,, 
which he continues to this date. He was a brave 
soldier, a good officer, and is an active and respec- 
ted citizen. 

John T. Lanter came to Kansas in the spring of 
1857, and settled in the northeast part of the county, 
tw^o miles from the town of Greeley. He was a na- 
tive of Indiana. He came to Kansas a young man, 
about twenty-one 3'ears old. Pie settled on govern- 
ment land, made impro\'ements and pre-empted a 
quarter-section. He married Elizabeth Baldwin, a 
daughter of Rev. David Baldwin. Lanter was a 
Republican in politics, and took an active part in all 
the earl}' political controversies of the county and 
the Territory. In 1858 he was elected clerk of 
Walker township, and was the first clerk of the 
tow^nship. In May, 1858, he was elected to the 
House of Representatives, under the Leavenworth 


constitution. He was a delegate to the Ottumwa 
convention, in September, 1858. This convention 
represented what were known as the nineteen dis- 
franchised counties. He was the author of the cele- 
brated Ottumwa resolutions. Was elected coynty 
assessor in i860, and was elected engrossing clerk 
of the Territorial Legislature in the winter of 1861 
— the last Territorial Legislature. Was appointed 
deputy United States assessor in 1862, which posi- 
tion he lilled until his district was abolished in 1867. 
Was commissioned as assistant provost marshal in 
1863, with the rank of lieutenant, and was on duty 
along the border of Kansas for about eighteen 
months. This was a most difficult and dan^rerous 
service. Was in the battle of Westport, Missouri, 
on the 23d of October, 1864, and in the heat of the 
battle, where the tight was the hottest. In 1872 he 
was elected to the House of Representatives, in which 
body he made an efficient member, and was one of the 
number that assisted to defeat Pomeroy in his corrupt 
attempt to buy his way to the United States Senate. 
In 1873 he was appointed by the Governor one of 
the trustees of the insane asylum, and in 1876 was 
appointed one of the trustees of the charitable insti- 
tutions of the State, which position he yet holds. He 
has tilled all the several public positions in which he 
has been called to act with fidelity and to the entire 
satisfaction of the public. He is now the president 
of the Citizens Bank of Garnett, and is one of the 
principal stockholders. 


Rev. David Baldwin settled on the Pottowatomie, 
north of Greeley, in 1854 • '^'^'^^ ^ Methodist minister 
of the gospel, and a radical Free State man. In 
1856 he and his son David Baldwin, then a mere 
boy, were taken prisoners by Major Buford and his 
Ruffian party. They were taken to Paola, and 
there detained as prisoners for several da3S, without 
any charge against them, only that of being Free 
Stale men. After keeping them under guard and 
subjecting them to all kinds of abuse and insult 
familiar to Border Ruffian characters, they were re- 
leased to return to their home on the Pottowatomie. 
Mr. Baldwin's family consisted of himself, his son 
David, and his daughter Elizabeth. During the time 
that Mr. Baldwin and his son were prisoners in the 
camp of the Ruffians, Miss Elizabeth, then a girl of 
about tw^enty years of age, was left at home alone to 
care for the household affairs, and most bravely and 
heroically did she guard her father's house 
and property in his absence. She remained there 
all alone, and took care of his affairs. She is de- 
serving of as much credit for her devotion to the 
cause of freedom as any other woman in the State, 
and she knows full w^ell the hardships and suffering- 
encountered by the women of Kansas in its earl}- 

H. H. Williams came to the countv in the 
spring of 1855, ^"^ settled on what is now the 
Isaac Hiner farm. He was a native of Ohio, a 
young man, zealous in the Free State cause, and 


participated in most of the early political conven- 
tions in the Territory. He removed to Osawato- 
mie, where he now resides. He was major in the 
Third and Tenth Kansas regiments during the re- 
bellion, and made a good and brave officer. He is 
now a prominent business man in the town where he 

To mention all the names and services of the 
worthy and distinguished men that settled in the 
country prior to i860 would require more space 
than could be expected in a work of this kind ; but 
in addition to those alread}- mentioned reference is 
made to the following gentlemen, who are worth}' 
of special notice : Isaac Hiner, James E. White, D. 
D. Judy, W. L. Webster, Jonathan Masterson, 
Richard Robinson, James Sutton, Isco Sutton, J. B. 
Stitt, Jacob Benjamin, D. W. Smith, William Tull, 
W. H. McClure, J. F. Wads worth, Geo. S. Holt, 
John H. Wolken, Brockholt Tyler, H. K. Robinson, 
Wesley Spindler, J. L. Bockover, Wm. Beeler, 
Wm. Reynolds, Harve}- Springer, Wm. Smith, W. 
S. Smith, James Smith, Zarr Bennett, W. F. M. 
Arn}', Benjamin Griffin, A. Rudd, Henry W^illiams, 
J. T. B. Routh, John R. Kirkland, Richard Sand- 
Hn, B. M. Lingo, J. R. Eaton, J. R. Means, David 
Shields, Stephen Marsh, Mathew Porter, R. H. 
Hall, S. W. Arrant, John L. Hill, J. S. Robinson, 
Wm. C. Howard, Wm. H. Hamilton, Jackson 
Means, Dr. David B. Swallow, Samuel S. Patton, 
John Stigenwalt, A. P. Clark, F. P. Whicher, John 


Horn, Samuel McDaniel, Darius Frankenberger, 
W. L. Frankenberger, Samuel Anderson, J. B. Dil- 
dav, James Black, Jackson Black, John Tefft, Wil- 
liam Tefft, Hiram Tefft, J. W. Lawellin, Thomas 
Newton, E. D. Lampman, A. O. Cooper and M. E. 

The most of the above-named gentlemen have 
been noticed in other portions of this volume, giving 
their official positions held in former years, and lo- 
calities of their settlements, and are referred to here 
as being worthy of further notice, which is omitted 
for want of space. There are many other names 
that should have a place in this volume, but it is im- 
possible to do justice fully to all in the histor}' of 
county. State or nation. 


Murder of Allen G. Potcct — Escape of his mur- 
derer — Murder of yaiiies Jackson by D. R. Pattee 
— -Murder of fames Day by David Stezvart — 
Murder of William Hamiltoii by fohn W. C/i am- 
ber lain — Trial of Dr. Aledlieott for the murder 
of I. M. Ruth. 

In October, 1866, Allen G. Poteet left his home 


in Garnett for Kansas City, in company with Henry 
W. Grayson, to bring a load of g'oods in a two-horse 
wagon. Grayson reported that he intended to re- 
turn to his home in Indiana. Poteet failed to re- 
turn ; two weeks elapsed, and grave suspicions 
arose that he had been murdered. Parties went in 
search of him, and the last trace that could be found 
was that he and Grayson were seen six miles beyond 
Paola, on the Kansas City road. After the search 
had been abandoned, it was supposed that Poteet 
had fled the country, for some cause to them un- 
known. On the day of the election, in November, 
a letter was received stating that a man had been 
found, dead, by an Indian, while hunting, supposed 
to be Poteet, in the eastern part of Johnson county. 
Parties were sent hither at once, and recognized it 
to be the body of Poteet, though mutilated and con- 
siderabl}' decomposed. The body had been drag- 
ijed about bv hog's, and one arm was missino-. The 
bodv had been hidden away in a hollow. Poteet 
had been shot in the back of the head, and it was 
believed that Gravscni had killed him and thus hid- 
den the bodv away, and taken the wagon and team 
beloncjiniT to Poteet, robbing" him of what mone\' he 
had in his pants pocket, not searching his vest 
pocket, which had a part of Poteet's money in it, 
beincj found with the bodv. No trace of the waj^on 
or team could be found. Rewards were offered by 
the count^' for Grayson, or any information that 
would lead to his capture, but nothing has ever been 

2 24 ' HISTORY OF 

heard of him since. It is supposed that Grayson 
took the wagon and team and departed over some 
isolated road in Missouri, and escaped the vigilance 
of the law, after perpetrating the diabolical murder. 

In March, 1870, a difficulty arose between a man 
named James Jackson and William Cardy, in Pattee's 
saloon, in Garnett. when D. R. Pattee ordered them 
out of the house, and closed the door after them. 
Jackson turned and threw a stone against the door, 
knocking one of the panels out, upon which D. R. 
Pattee fired at him, through the opening, with a pis- 
tol, the ball striking Jackson in the back. He fell, 
and was carried awa3% and skillful medical aid called. 
Jackson lingered until about the middle of May, and 
died from the effects of the wound. Pattee was 
tried for the killing of Jackson, found guilty of man- 
slaughter in the second degree, and sentenced to the 
State penitentiary for a term of five years. He was 
pardoned by the Governor, after remaining in the 
penitentiary for about two years. 

About the first of March, 1874, ^ party of men 
from Middle creek, in Linn county, Kansas, came 
over to Greeley, in this county, and after becoming 
considerably intoxicated started for their homes. 
They had not gone far on their way until a quarrel 
ensued between James Day and David Stewart, two 
of the party, being in the same wagon. Stewart 
jumped out of the wagon and started away, and 
Day jumped out and followed him, running about 
two hundred yards. Day caught Stewart. Day 


being a man of great physical strength, and Stew- 
art being of less than ordinary physical ability, there- 
upon drew a pocket knife and stabbed him several 
times, killing him instantly. Stewart was at once 
arrested, and put upon trial for murder in a few days, 
before the popular mind had calmed from the shock ■ 
of the spilling of human blood, and was convicted 
of murder in the second degree, and sentenced to 
the State penitentiar}^ for the period of twelve years. 
It was one of the unfortunate difficulties which arise 
from intemperance. Doubtless had the trial been 
postponed until the minds of the people had become 
quiet, and reason and justice enthroned, Stewart 
would not have been convicted, as he was evidently 
fleeing for the safety of his life. Stewart and Day, 
up to that time, had been on intimate terms, no ill 
feeling between them existing. 

In 1868 a young man by the name of William 
Hamilton, of Ohio, located in Garnett. He was 
affable and energetic, and soon became a popular 
citizen, opened a boot and shoe shop, being a boot 
maker, and soon thereafter opened a boot and shoe 
store, and was doing a good business. In 1870 he 
married Miss Susan J. Chamberlain, a young lady 
highly respected and possessed of considerable 
property, with whom he lived happily until his 
death. In 1875 Jo^" W. Chamberlain, a brother of 
Mrs. Hamilton, visited them and shared their hos- 
pitalities, remaining about two weeks ; then went to 

Texas, and while there wrote several letters to Ham- 


ilton, requesting the loan of money, to which Ham- 
ilton replied that he could not spare it from his busi- 
ness. About the last of November Chamberlain re- 
turned, and visited them again, and Hamilton let 
him have one hundred and fifty dollars. Chamber- 
lain left, telling him that he was going to his home in 
Ohio ; but on the afternoon of December i6, 1875, 
he returned, met Hamilton at the postoffice, and 
conversed in a friendly manner, walking along with 
him to the Citizens Bank, where Hamilton made his 
daily deposits. Chamberlain followed him into the 
bank. As Hamilton approached the counter. Cham- 
berlain drew a revolver and shot him in the back of 
the head, at the base of the brain, killing him in- 
stantlv. Chamberlain was arrested and held for 
trial at the March term of court thereafter. He ob- 
tained a change of venue to Douglas county, where 
he was tried at the June term of tiiat court, 1876, 
found guilty of murder in the second degree, and 
was sentenced to hard labor in the State penitentiary 
for twenty-one years. 

On the 26th of April, 1871, Isaac M. Ruth, of 
Lawrence, died ver}- suddenly, and under ver}- sus- 
picious circumstances. A post mortem examination 
of his body developed the fact that he had come to 
his death by means of poison. The coroner's jury 
returned a-verdict that he died from the effects of 
poison, administered to him by one John J. Medli- 
cott. Medlicott was arrested on a charge of murder, 
and committed to jail to await a trial on such charge, 


at the next term of the district court of Doughis 
county. An information was tiled against him for the 
murder of Ruth. The defendant (Medlicott) tiled 
a petition for a change of venue from the county of 
Douglas, on account of the bias and prejudice of 
the citizens of Douglas county against him. The 
court granted a change of venue, and ordered that 
the cause be removed to Anderson county for trial, 
at a special term of the district court of said county, 
begun on the 9th day of October, 1871. Present: 
O. A. Bassett, judge; G. A. Cook, sheriff: G. M. 
Everline, clerk. On the opening of the court the 
Judge announced that this term of the court had 
been called for the trial of the case of the State of 
Kansas vs. John J. Medlicott. The following gen- 
tlemen appeared as counsel for the State : Thomas 
Fenlon, Esq., of Leavenworth ; John Hutchings, 
Esq., count}' attorney of Douglas county ; Col. C. B. 
Mason, county attorney of Franklin county ; and 
John S. Wilson, county attorney of Anderson 
county. The defendant was represented b}' his 
counsel. Judge S. O. Thacher and W. W. Nevison, 
Esq., of Lawrence, and W. A. Johnson, of Garnett. 
Two days were consumed in the selection of a jury. 
The following is a list of the jurors iinally selected 
and sworn to try the cause : iV. Stevens, J. E. 
White, C. G. Ellis, Sewell Kidder, H. Bevington, 
John Aldridge, J. J. Douglass, Melvin Cottle, John 
Forbes, Robert Burke, Michael Glennen and J. Q. 


Hutchinson. Col. C. B. Mason delivered the open- 
ing address on behalf of the prosecution. 

This case occupied some eighteen days in its trial. 
The jury were kept together in charge of the sheriff 
for twenty-two days. It was one of the most im- 
portant criminal trials that has been tried in the 
State. Most of the leading papers of the country 
had representatives here reporting the proceedings 
of the trial, which were pubHshed each da}' as the 
case progressed. Many eminent scientific witnesses 
were brought here to testify on the trial of the case. 
Prominent among them was Prof. Wormley, profes- 
sor of chemistry and toxicology in the Sterling Med- 
ical College, Columbus, Ohio, and author of "Worm- 
ley on the Micro-Chemistry of Poisons." 

On the morning of the 27th of October the jury, 
after being out over night, returned into court with 
a verdict of guiltv of murder in the first degree, and 
the court thereupon sentenced the defendant to be 
executed by hanging by the neck until dead. The 
defendant's counsel filed exceptions to the ruling 
and judgment of the court, and appealed the case 
to the Supreme Court. On the hearing of the case 
in the Supreme Court it reversed the judgment of the 
district court and a new trial was granted. The 
Supreme Court held that the Ruth letter was improp- 
erly admitted in evidence, there being no evidence 
going to prove that it was written at a time and un- 
der such circumstances as to entitle it to be received 
as the dying declarations of Ruth. 


At the March term. 1872, of the district court in 
Anderson county, the count\' attorney of Doualas 
county appeared and entered a nolle prosequi in the 
case. The Ruth letter hayino- been held not to be 
proper eyidence against the defendant, and it being 
all the eyidence that tended to connect Medlicott 
^yith Ruth's death, Medlicott \yas discharged from 
jail and immediately left the State. 

There were many theories and diyisions among 
the people as to the cause of Ruth's death and the 
ijuilt of Medlicott. The matter is still a mystery, 
and will probably so remain. 


Naiues of the Soldiers of Anderson County zvho 
Served in the War for the Suppression of the Re- 
fiellion — Names of the Heroic Dead, zvho Sacrifieed 
their Lives in the Cause of their Country. 

On the 14th day of April, 1861, the whole nation 
was startled by the announcement that the proud 
ension of the nation was lowered from the flag staff 
of Fort Sumter, and tiie gallant defenders of 


that garrison had been overpowered and com- 
pelled to surrender, after two days' fearful cannon- 
ading, and a rebellious ensign flaunted as the em- 
blem of a new nationality over a national fortress, 
from whence the American flag had been lowered. 
The news, borne by the electric flash throughout 
the land, was astounding and instantaneous, and 
men throughout the loyal States were soon clad in 
full panoply of war. The nation, one day pursuing 
the usual avocations of peace, is the next in full ar- 
mor of war. The citizen retired at night a civilian ; 
he arose in the morn a soldier. 

The first call for volunteers was made on the 15th 
of April, the next day after Fort Sumter had surren- 
dered, and on the 30th of May following the first 
Kansas regiment was mustered into the service and 
on the march to the front, and thus in quick succes- 
sion regiment after regiment was recruited and mus- 
tered into the service, until, in 1863, Kansas had 
sixteen regiments and two batteries of artillery in the 
field. Anderson county was represented by her 
brave and heroic men in each of these regiments 
and batteries. They went forth at the call of the 
country to help suppress the most wicked and stu- 
pendous rebellion that had ever characterized the 
history of a nation, and the gallant sons of Anderson 
county, in whatever conflict they have been engaged, 
have permitted none to eclipse their personal bravery. 

The Adjutant General of the State, in his report 
of the Kansas regiments, says : 


*' The luiiiiht'r of Kansas hci'dcs, dead 14)011 a liKiidrcd 
hattle fields, attests at once the pei-soual coiirajie of. the 
^sokliel•. aiidliis devotion to tlie State and his loyalty to the 
federal I'nioii, who in peace jn-oves his faith by the sweat 
of his l)row. and in war hy the blood of his breast. "" 

The noble and heroic boyy of Anderson county 
who left home and friends and volunteered at their 
country's call, and went forth to lielp suppress the 
rebellion, and imperiled their lives on the many bat- 
tle fields, or in the prison pens of the South, deserve 
to be kindlv remembered bv their survivinjif com- 
rades and the public generally, and their names should 
be perpetuated in the history of the country, and 
their services and sacrifices dul}- and highl}^ appre- 

We here append the names of the brave boys of 
the county who served in the arm}- during the rebel- 
lion : 

James (J. IJlunt. lieutenant cdIoiu'I. Third regiment Kan- 
sas volunteers ; promoted t(» briuadiei-yeneral, April, lH<i2, 
and afterwards to major jjeiieral. 


Company E — Samuel J. Crawford, captain; John (J. 
Lindsay, tirst lienteuant; Samuel K. Cross, second lieu- 
tenant ; Henry Niioent. ensign; John -Johnston, orderly 
serjicant ; David Wright, IJ. II. 1*. Siiodurass, Zach. Xor- 
ris, Ilugh (^uinn, sergeants; James F. Walker, James L. 
Kercheval, James L. Wilson, corporals ; Henry Neal, Rob- 
ert Beck, George Bacon, musicians; Charles Ballanee. 
Thomas H. liallard, John Campbell, Thomas Dykes, David 
S. Eaton, Edward Farrah. Jacob Fields, James K. Herd, 
Albert fJohnson, (ieorge Johnson, K/A-a Kirkland, William 
Kline, John Xorris, Charles Paul, James Paul, Albert 


Williams, Samuel Winkleplcck. privates. 


C()mi)aiiy A — Sainiiel J. Crawford (i)r()m<>te(l to colonel 
of Second Kansas colored). .Joim -Johnston (promoted to 
major), captains; Samuel K. Cross, tirst lieutenant ; Henry 
Nugent, orderly ser^^^eant : Henry S. Shannon, (piartei-- 
master sergeant ; Hugh (^uinn (promoted to captain in 
Second Arkansas cavalry). James L. Wilson, Ezra Homine, 
John P. Hiner. sergeants; Abisha Stowell, Charles T. 
Williams, James A. (ioocli, Kdward Wilson, corporals: 
Barnett Ashburn, Thomas IJallard, John W. Ballard. 
Stephen M. Bockover, John A. Bockover. Jacob L. Bock- 
over, Abram S. Burch, John Campbell, Jacob Fields. 

Albert ^auisoery, i iieopnoiis MniTii^:Marnn v.ii.Maiiey 
William H. H. Stanwood, James B. Tenbrook, William B 
V^ess, Valentine Weinheimer, Samuel Winklepleck, William 
Blizzard. (i(M)rge A. Cami)bell. William H. Channell. pri- 

Company C — Leaventine Blummer. John Plumiiier. ^tri- 


Company K^ — Jeremiah C. Johnson, tirst lieutenant: 
Alexander KiKsli, secoiul lieutenant: August Bondi, ser- 
geant; John W. Pattee, William »!. Wade, George Lewis, 
corporals ; Freeman F. Austin. Jacob F. M. Frank. James 
B. Frank, John (ieith. William B. Lewis. Hobert Mc- 
Laughlin, Thomas Wade. John P.. Maness. John B. Stitt. 
Kdward Wade, privates. 



Coiupaiiy G — D. W. Houston, first lieutenant (in-oiuoted 
to captain of company H, and aftevAvard to lieutenant col- 
onel); Zacli. Xoi-ris, first lieutenant ; William Tett't, quar- 
termaster sergeant; Joseph Y. Alexander, William B. 
Springer, Miles Morris, Ephraim Reynolds, George W. 
Arrell. sergeants ; James M. Tefft, Xoah V. Ness, James F. 
JIamby, corporals; William X. Flamby, jr., musician; 
Isaac Morley, farrier; Bernard Setter, saddler; Hiram 
Driggs, Jesse Hari)er, William N. Hamby, sen., William 
Lampman, John W. Minton, Thomas Newton, George H. 
T. Spring(>r. Plia Teft't, Marcus L. Underwood, AVilliam 
Williams, John W. Young. Alfred W. Jones, John Norris, 
David Ruckel, James W. Springer, Joseph Wilhite, Daniel 
(). Kief, Martin Ueda, Elijah Pruett, William F. R. Paul, 
Abner B. (ilover, Dorsey McAfee, John Pangborn, Henry 
Poteet, Joseph (). Smith, Jesse Stephenson, Martin Setter, 
John t^J. Tefl^"!, Melvin Cottle, privates. 


Jolm Buterbaugh, assistant surgeon. 

Company F — George G. Price, sergeant; George W. 
Mathews, corporal ; James M. Day, John H. Day, Abram 
liosa, xVndrew llichards. Squire Rosa, David AVitt, i)ri- 


( Miarles T. Cooper, regimental commissary. 

Company C — Thomas McKniglit, sergeant; Benjamin 
F. Ayres (promoted to first lieutenant), Josejih Mundell, 
Samuel Mundell, privates. 

Company D — Henry M. Anderson, Virgil M. Hollomou, 
Charles S. McCoon, James Rumley, Thomas J. Rumley, 
Henry Wiggins, privates. 

Company F — Conrad B. Alder, private. 

Company H — H. N. F. Reed, second lieutenant (after- 
wards promoted to captain of company I) ; David Hester, 
orderly sergeant (afterwards promoted to first lieutenant 


of (•(>in]>any (') ; Jacob H. Shiolds. William H. Nicliolf!. 
E(l\\ anl liiilson, Henry Strickland, Cyrus H. Lowry. Al- 
fred Brown, William P, Aldrid^c, Cliarlcs A. Hankin, 
Jame.s K. Eaton, sergoants ; Daniel Harmon, William U. 
Hill, Thos. Means, Jesse Sutton, John Aldridjie, corporals ; 
James M. Aldridjii'. William Cooper, Ottawa Sutton, Ked- 
inyton J. Shields, Travis Farmer, William Starr. Julian S. 
White, Herbert Brown, AVilliam (t. Eaton, John J.Martin, 
Patrick B. Redinjiton. William Skinner. Eliliue Wilson, 


Company C — Charles Brown, serjicant ([)rom(ited to 
lirst lieutenant. April 1,1863); Thomas Spencer, Joim E. 
Blunt (promoted to lirst lieutenant in 1862), corporals ; 
Perry Kirkland, musician; Christian Barham, Henry Bar- 
liam, Abner Heflin, Samuel Stronji', Eli Barham, Marcus 
M. ^'inton, P^dward C lioss. James H. Farraii, THoiuas R. 
Ea<j;g', A. R. (xarrett, Solomon Kauft'man (promoted to 
lirst lieutenant, September 11, 1862, and to captain, May 28, 
1863), Joseph Kiesler, John A. Kirkland. Joseph Kinji-, 
A. Reynolds. Nathaniel Sprijijrs. Malichi Tyler. [)rivates. 

Company H — Thomas R. Morris, James L. Morris, Hi- 
ram Vess. privates. 

Company I — Harry AV. Stubblelield, sergeant ; John Jil- 
lison. Thomas D. Masterson. John Martin. John ^Ic I). 
Martin. Mark Perkins, (reorge H. Sater, privates. 


David H. ,[ohnson, hospital steward. 

Company F — J, G. Reese, John (x. Lindsay, captains; 
George W. Sinions, lirst lieutenant ; Marvin H. Payne, 
second lieutenant ; John Horn, orderly sergeant ; David C. 
Lowe. Francis McShane, William L. Frankenberger. quar- 
termaster sergeants; Samuel H. Furgeson. P^ber L. Hay- 
wood, David A. AV'hipp. Thomas S. Kelley, David D. Judy, 
Lloyd Sparr, sergeants ; James L. Kercheval, George Bar- 
ker, William R, Borrer, Frank Fenhouse, AVilliam F. Hiatt. 


(Miri^ftian Rcbstock, P'rank Minor, Allen G. Poteet, Wil- 
liam K. Ingram, Bcnjaniin F. AV'ebb. Hiram Sprijiys, ^yil- 
liam MfCrrew. James Rogers. Wilbei" I). West, corporals ; 
.Fonathan Bigelow, farrier; Win. Bendall, John Sullivan, 
buglers; William Ayass, Henry Ayass, Charles Ashburn, 
Enoch W. Barker, John Burns, John Bingamon, 
Nathan W. Barker, Charles W. Backer, Jackson 
Black, Allen W. Bingamon, Chester Cummings, John 
Campbell. Robert W. Corker, (ieorge W. Carlyle, Charles 
E. Dewey, Hewitt Dixon, Henry V. Dart, Charles Drake, 
John B. Dilday, Levi Daniel, John H. Feuerborn. Joshua 
(h-itiith, Jolm Hall, Ishum C. Hudnall, Robert Hart, Ira E. 
Hollomon, John H. Hydorn, Thomas Hunt, Isaac Hull, 
Joseph M. Hiner, Homer Johnson, Cyrus K. Johnson, 
Richard A. Jones, Frederick Tochterman. Robert H. 
^£oore, John R. Montgomery, Abram R. Munuiw, Archi- 
bald McCxrew, William A. Majors, Georg-e Manlove, Ad- 
dison Morris, Manly M. Minkler, James J. Mason, Ad- 
donijah Maness. John P. Oswold, Elisha J. Peters, David 
S. Peters, Charles Pritchard, Henry Paul, John Pickett, 
Alexander Rush (promoted to captain in the Second Kan- 
sas colored), AV^illiam Rebstock, John H. Smith, John H. 
Sliultz, John Zeitzler, Samuel S. Stailey, James E. Tanks- 
ley, William \"ess, John Winklepleck, Henry A\^estmier, 
J)auiel W. Wright. Charles W. Young-, Isaac N, Beeler, 
Ernestes P. (rilpatrick (promoted to tirst lieutenant), Wil- 
liam D. Hamilton, Chester C. Johnson, Isaac Norton, 
Henry Putnam, James Paul, James Rogers, Thomas J. 
Shultz, Thomas Severns, John Severns, John Sutton, John 
Taylor, Martin McGrew, privates. 


Thomas Lindsay, assistant surgeon. 

Company G — Alexander McArthur, tirst lieutenant ; 
Frank H. Crum, orderly sergeant; William McLaughlin, 
sergeant ; William M. Agiiew, V^. M. Hollomon, William 
Q. Wickersham, Robert AYhitson, corj^orals ; AVilson An- 


d('i"8on. William Biiuillc. .loscpli L. p]!it()n, James ('. Kelso, 
Ezra Kesselring'. Julius ^[atliews. Samuel T. Niehols. 
David n. Pattee, IJeiijaniin F. Pattee, Francis M. Pettit. 
Louis (i. Pajiain. (ieoi'tJfe A. Shields. William I). Whitsoii. 
Williaiu J. Williams, privates. 


f'ompaiiy ^1 — AV. A. Joliiisoii. (•a])taiii : .lereiuiah ('. 
Johnson, commissary serjicant ; Charles I'aul, sergeant ; 
Calvin (t. Chaftee, Thomas Dykes, Ellas U, Johnson, James 
Moore, Hugh McNulty, William E. South, Thomas S. Ty- 
ler, privates ; Charles W. Warren, musician. 


Company II — II. W. Stubbletield, captain. 

Company L — Jesse Baker. Henry C. Dennison, Heniy 
Gadbery, Jackson Gadbery. Daniel W. Hc>over, Isaac 
Johnson, Martin V. Kimmel. William T. Kimmel, Hanson 
Mundell. William F. Priest. II. L. Poplin. Charles Sump- 
tion, John T. Smith. Jaines South. I. P. Sutton, flacob C. 
Sutton. Andrew South, Nathan White, William A. Ward, 

W. G. Nichols, John G. McCiue, John Pangborn. James 
Townsley, John R. Sutton. Thomas Tovtiisley. [)rivates. 


G. W. Walg'amott. surgeon; J. II. Montgomery, adju- 
tant : George W. Sands, captain company E. 


Ernestes P. Crilpatrick and Alanson Simons, tirst lieuten- 


B. P. Brown, private. 


William C. C-askey. David Moyer, Thomas Salkeld, J. 
M. Stigenwalt, A. J. Stigenwalt. |)rivates. 

When the wicked rebelHon had been suppressed, 


and the brave men had been in the service, man}- of 
them for more than three 3-ears, and encountered all 
the hardships incident to a soldier's life on the 
march, in camp or in the din of battle, in 
the prison pen or the hospital, the survivors of these 
hardships returned to their homes and families to en- 
jo^• the blessings of peace. But on their return 
manv sad hearts ached for the loss of a dear hus- 
band, father, brother or son that had gone away in 
the full strength and \'igor of manhood, but had 
fallen in the cause of his country and is now sleeping 
in a bloody and unknown grave, leaving his deeds of 
valor and his sufferings to be told by surviving 
comrades, and his memory to be perpetuated in his- 
tory, and his service and sufferings to be apprecia- 
ted by all loyal and liberty-loving people of the na- 

The followino- are the names of the heroic dead 
who sacrificed their lives in the cause of their 
country : 

Albert Saiilf^bery, private coiiipany A, Second Kansas. 

Sergeant If. FI. P. Snodjirass and corporal Albert John- 
son, company E, Second Kansas. 

Corporals William J. Wade and (ieorge Lewis, and ])ri- 
vates Freenian V. Austin, .lacob F. Frank. James 1>. 
Frank. John Gerth. William IJ. Lewis and Robert McLauu'h- 
lin, company K, Fifth Kansas. 

Sergeant F]phraim Reynolds, corporals Xcndi \'. Vess and 
James F. Ihunby, Isaac Morley, farrier, and JohnC^. Teft"t. 
])rivate. company Ct, Seventh Kansas. 

Sergeant (Tcorge G. Frice, and David Witt, i)rivate. 
company F. P^ighth Kansas. 


Sei'jicantrt Jacob R. 81iiekls, William II. Nichols and 
llcnrv Strickland, and pi-ivates Rcdinjiton .1. Shields, Wil- 
liam Starr, Julian S. White, William Skinner. Samuel 
Mundell and David V. Bethurem, (-ompany II, Ninth Kan- 

Corporal Thomas S])encer, and i)rivates Nathaniel 
Sprijij^s, Edward ('. lloss, Malichi Tyler and James H. 
Karrali, (company (', Tenth Kansas. 

Corporal Benjamin F. Webb, and privates Nathan W, 
Barker, Charles W. Backer, Robert W. Crocker, Charles 
Drake, Frederick Tochterman, Isaac Hull. James J. Mason. 
.Vthlonijah Maness, John II. Smith, John Winklei)leck. 
Henry Westmier, David W. Wrijiht, Charles W. Youni>- 
and Isaac N. Beeler, comi)any F, Eleventh Kansas. 

()r(h'rly Serjeant Frank II. Crum, and privates Francis 
-M. Pettit and William I), Whitson, company (i, Twelfth 

James Moore, i)rivate, company M, Fifteenth Kansas. 

Alexander Rush, captain of company II, Second Kansas 

Ilujih Quinn, captain. Second Arkansas cavalry. 

B. P. Brown, private. First Kansas battery. 

William (t. Nichols and Thomas Townsley, privales. 
Sixteenth Kansas. 

Anderson county had four hundred and twenty 
volunteers in the service during the rebelHon, and 
out of that number tifty-six were killed and died of 
disease while in the service. 


Triah of Felonies^ etc. 

Brockholt's store in Canton was broken 
open in the fall of 1861, and a lot of goods were 
stolen. In January, 1862, a search was made for 
the stolen goods at the house of a man by the name 
of J. G. Smythe, living on the Pottowatomie, two 
miles north of Central City, and about twelve miles 
distant from Tyler's store. Smythe was a man who 
had never been suspected of the commission of 
crime ; had always been regarded as an honest man 
and a worthy christian : but in the search the stolen 
goods were found in his house. He had on his per- 
son some of the goods at the time. The announce- 
ment was astoundingto every person within Smythe's 
acquaintance. He was arrested and had a prelimi- 
nary examination before Wm. Dennis, J. P. The 
justice found him guilty on the examination, and 
bound him over for his appearance at the next term of 
the district court to answer for the larceny. At the 
March term of the court, 1862, the grand jury found 
an indictment against him. He was put on trial and 
found guilty, and sentenced to the penitentiar}' for 
a term of one year. It was always a question of 
grave doubt whether he was guilty of the theft, but 



the goods were found in his possession and he wa.s 
never able to give a satisfactory account of the man- 
ner in which he got thetn. He chiimed to have 
purchased them from a man who was traveling in 
a two-horse wagon. It is believed by many persons 
that the store was robbed by a man named Baggs, 
who was formerly in Tyler's emplo^^ment. Smythe 
only remained in prison about two months, when he 
was pardoned by the Governor. The case being 
surrounded by such grave doubts, and Smythe' s gen- 
eral character being so good, m(;st of the citizens 
signed a petition for his pardon. Smythe was the 
tirst person ever convicted of a felony in the county. 

In the winter of 1863 a man by the name of Louis 
Perrier, a half-breed Indian, living on the Neosho 
river near the present town of Erie, stole a fine mare 
from W. J. Bayles. He was pursued to his home 
and arrested, brought back to Garnett, and put on 
trial at the March term of court, in 1864, found 
guilty, and sent to the penitentiary for a term of five 

George S. Holt's store, in Mount Gilead, was 
broken open in the spring of 1863. After consider- 
able investigation it was ascertained that a lot of 
goods such as Holt had lost were in the possession 
of a colored man by the name of Douglas, at Osa- 
watomie. A search warrant was issued, and when 
the officer searched his house a large amount of 
the goods were found in his possession. He was 
arrested and brought to Mount Gilead for exam- 


ination. He had his trial before D. W. Smith, J. P., 
admitted his guilt, and implicated other parties with 
being participants in the crime. They were arrested 
and tried, but there being no other evidence against 
them they were discharged. Douglass was commit- 
ted to jail to answer the crime of larceny and bur- 
glary, but was permitted to volunteer in the army, 
and went into the service, and consequently was 
never tried or punished for the crime. 

In the summer of 1867, when Van Amburgh's 
show was in Garnett, a difficulty arose between some 
showmen and Manuel Denny, when a young man by 
the name of Peter Sells, one of the employes of the 
show, rushed upon Denny with a large tent pin, 
with an iron band around the top, and struck Denny 
over the head, knocking him insensible. Sells was 
arrested on a charge of an assault with intent to 
kill, and committed to jail to await his trial. He 
was tried at the September term of the court in 1867, 
and found guilty and sentenced to the penitentiary 
for a term of one year. Sells was a young man, 
about twenty-two years of age, and a stranger here. 

A most unfortunate occurrence took place in the 
spring of 1868. Isaac Bulson and H. M. Anderson 
were near neighbors, Anderson living on Bulson's 
farm. Bulson's horse got into Anderson's corn, 
when Anderson tied the horse up. Bulson sent his 
little boys over to Anderson's for the horse, and 
Anderson sent the boys away without it, and 
told them to tell their father to come over himself. 


Bulson went over to get the horse, and when he 
was untying it Anderson came out, when a 
fight took place between them, and in the fight Bul- 
son took out his knife and stabbed Anderson in two 
or three places. Bulson was arrested on a charge 
of an assault with intent to kill, was bound over to 
court, was tried, convicted and sent to the peniten- 
tiary for one year. He was pardoned before the 
expiration of his term. At the time of the trial of 
this case there was strong prejudice against Bulson, 
on account of some suits that he had been engaged 
in in the courts of this county, just previous to this 

In the summer of 1869 John Martin stole a horse 
from C. E. Dewey, and took it to Ottawa and sold it. 
He was arrested for the larcen}-, bound over to 
court, and in the September following he was tried 
in the district court, found guilty, and sentenced to 
the penitentiary for a term of five years. 

In the summer of 1872 Henry Knox broke into 
the dwelling house of J. P. Crane, in the night time. 
Crane woke up and heard foot-steps in his kitchen, 
got up and went into the kitchen, when he met the 
burglar. Knox at once attacked Crane, but the lat- 
ter proved of too great strength for him, so he beat 
a hasty retreat through one of the back windows and 
fled. In the scuffle he lost his hat, and in getting 
through the window got considerably cut by the 
broken glass. It was so dark that Crane was un- 
able to recognize the man. In the scuffle he bit 


Crane on the arm so as lo leave visible prints of his 
teeth for several da3's. The next day the officers got 
track of him, and followed him to La Cygne ; ar- 
rested him on a charge of burglary, and brought him 
back. He was tried and convicted, and sent to the 
penitentiary for a term of seven years. Knox was 
a stranger in this county ; he lived at Paola. 

In 1874 ^ young man by the name of William Ma- 
lone was arrested for the larceny of some cattle be- 
longing to Alexander Seber. Malone was tried at the 
September term of the district court, 1874, found 
guilty, and sent to the penitentiary for a term of four 

At the March term of the district court, 1876, 
Michael Amy was tried for an assault with intent to 
commit a rape on the person of Myra Hull. Amy 
was found guilty and sentenced to the penitentiary 
for a period of four years. Amy is a man about 
fifty 3'ears of age ; the girl alleged to have been as- 
saulted was about twelve or thirteen years old. 

In the year 1874 William Dennj'^'s house was en- 
tered and a lot of clothing stolen. The burglars 
fled south. The}' were pursued down the Neosho 
river to near lola, and were overtaken, arrested and 
brought to Garnett, under the charge of burglary 
and larceny. The men's names were William Flem- 
ing and Paul. Fleming was tried at the March 

term, 1875, found guilty of burglary in the third de- 
gree and larceny, and sent to the penitentiary for a 
term of three years. The Governor afterward, on 


petition, commuted his sentence to two 3'ears. Paul 
was taken from the officers b}' the United States 
marshal, before his trial, and taken before the U. 
S. courts. 

In the spring of 1875 Washington Waterman 
stole a horse from George A. Smith and took it to 
Wichita, and sold it. Waterman was afterwards ar- 
rested at Humboldt, and committed to jail. At the 
September term of the court he plead guilty to the 
charge of larcen}', and was sentenced to the peni- 
tentiary for two years. He is an old man and a 
hardened criminal. 

Since the organization of the county, twenty 
years ago, there has been one conviction of mur- 
der in the first degree, and the convict sentenced to 
death : but the execution was prevented by a pardon 
from the Governor. Two convictions of murder in 
the second degree, and the convicts sentenced to the 
penitentiar}', one for twelve years and the other 
twenty-one years. One conviction for manslaugh- 
ter in the second degree, and the convict sentenced 
to the penitentiary for five years. There have been 
ten convictions for various other felonies of a lower 
grade. There have been fourteen convictions for 
felonies in the aggregate, thirteen of whom have 
served a term in the State's prison at hard labor. 
A great number of others have been charged, and 
some trials had, but these are the only convictions. 
Several cases of misdemeanors have been tried and 
convictions had, principally growing out of viola- 


tions of the dram shop laws, petit hirceny, assaults 
and batteries, disturbing- the peace, &c. After a 
careful examination of the calendar of criminal cases 
in the courts of the county, it is a pleasure to be 
able to say that the county has had fewer criminal 
cases on its docket than an}- other county in the 
State that has been organized as long, while the 
law has been as rigjdh' enforced in this as in any 
other county. 


Walker Tozvns/iip — Its Organization — Settlt'- 
ment — Tozuns — Prominent Men — Elections — Suc- 
cessive Tozvnship Officers. 

Wai.ker township was established by the board 
of county commissioners on the 7th day of October. 
1857, with the following boundaries : Beginning at 
the northeast corner of the county, at the northeast 
corner of section 22, in township 19, of range 21 : 
thence west along the north line of the county five 
miles, to the northwest corner of section 24, in town- 
ship 19, of range 20 ; thence south nine miles, to the 


fourth standard parallel, at the southwest corner of 
section 36, in township 20, of range 20 ; thence east 
on said parallel five miles, to the east line of the 
county, at the southeast corner of section 34, in 
township 20, of range 21 ; thence north along said 
county line nine miles, to the place of beginning ; con- 
taining an area of 45 square miles. The township 
was named in honor of Robert J. Walker, Gover- 
nor of Kansas Territor}'. The first settlement of 
whites in the county was made in this township, at 
the present town of Greeley, in May, 1854. ^^^ 
settlers were Valentine Gerth, Francis Myer, Henry 
Harmon, Oliver P. Rand, Samuel Mack, J. S. Wait- 
man and Henderson Rice ; and, of these persons, 
Valentine Gerth and O. P. Rand, Mrs.Wm. Tull and 
Mrs. W. F. Priest, daughters of Henry Harmon, are 
still residents of the county ; and they are the only 
persons who came to the count}' as earl}' as 1854 
who still reside in it. About the first of May, 1854, 
V. Gerth and F. Myer came to Kansas Territory 
with an ox team and a few horses and cattle. Thev 
were both unmarried at the time. They came from 
Missouri, and pitched their tent on the present town- 
site of Greeley, it being then an old Indian field, the 
Indians having left during the same spring. Gerth 
and Myer planted about five acres of corn, and in 
October following built them a log cabin on the 
bank of Potto watomie creek, near where the bridge 
now spans the stream. At the time the}' came they 
found Dr. Lykins three miles east of Paola, and 


Henrv Sherman, who had settled among the Potto- 
watomie Indians, at Dutch Henry crossing of Potto- 
watomie creek. These were the only white settlers 
west of Missouri on the line of travel of these bold 

Gerth afterwards selected a claim about one mile 
south of Greeley, and improved and pre-empted it, 
and resided thereon until 1868, when he sold it to 
Rev. Joseph Welsh, and bought unimproved land 
two miles northeast of Greeley, where he has made 
him one of the finest farms in the county. He is a 
native of Saxon}', Germany, and has resided in the 
township ever since its organization, and is doubt- 
less the first white settler in the county. He is a 
worthy citizen, an industrious farmer, and has 
passed manfully through the "time that tried men's 
souls" in this part of the countr}'. 

Francis Myer took a claim north of Greeley, and 
built a log cabin thereon, but, belonging to the Pro- 
Slavery part}', he fled the country in the summer of 
1856, having taken part on the Border Rutflan side. 

Henry Harmon came with his family in 1854, a 
short time after Gerth and Myer, and settled north 
of Greeley, near the junction of the Pottowatomies, 
where he lived with his family until the 20th of Au- 
gust following, when his wife, Eliza Harmon, died, 
which was the first death in the county. She was 
buried near the present residence of Jacob Reese. 
Her funeral was preached by Rev. W. C. McDow. 
After the death of Mrs. Harmon, Mr. Harmon sold 


his claim to C. H. Price, and moved about ten miles 
west, on North Pottowatomie, and took and pre- 
empted another chiim, built him a house, and re- 
sided there until the beginning of the rebellion, when 
he and his only son went into the army, served 
through the war and returned, but soon thereafter 
he died. 

His daughter, Mary Ann, married William Tull, 
an old and respectable citizen, and now resides 
with her familv near Greeley. The other daughter, 
Eliza, married Giles Sandlin, with whom she lived 
for several years on North Pottowatomie, until he 
died ; and she afterwards married W. F. Priest, 
with whom she lives in Greeley. 

Oliver P. Rand came to the Territory in May, 
1854, a single man, and in 1856 married Patsy Sut- 
ton, daughter of James Sutton. This was the first 
marriage in the county. Rand is an industrious 
farmer and worthy citizen, now residing in Reeder 
township, in the western part of the county. 

In the spring of 1855 a large immigration came 
from the border counties of Missouri, and the strug- 
gle soon commenced between the Free State men 
and Border Ruffians. Prominent among the Free 
State men that settled in Walker township that 
spring were Rufus Gilpatrick, W. C. McDow, James 
Sutton, Hardy Warren, Richard Robinson, Jacob 
Benjamin, P. D. Maness, Frederick Weimer, A. 
Bondi, J. F. Wadsworth and many others. Among 
the most active of the Pro-Slavery men were John 



S. Waitman, C. H. Price, David McCammon, Hen- 
derson Rice and J. P. Barnaby. When the Pro- 
Slavery men found they were out-numbered and 
that Kansas was to be free, many of them took an 
early departure for Missouri and other slave States. 

W. C. McDow was commissioned justice of the 
peace in 1856, and was afterward elected by the 
people and served as such for several years. 

In the spring of 1857 a postoffice was established 
at Greeley, and named Walker, and was the first 
postoffice in the county. Jacob Benjamin was ap- 
pointed postmaster. A mail route was established 
in 1857 from Osawatomie, via Walker and Hyatt, to 
Neosho City. In 1858 the postoffice was removed 
to Mount Gilead, one mile west of Greeley, and 
George S. Holt appointed postmaster. The office 
remained there for several years, but has since been 
removed to Greele}^ and the name changed to 
" Greeley" postoffice. 

The townsite of Greeley was selected in the 
spring of 1856 ; surveyed and laid out April 7, 1857. 
On the 2ist day of November, 1857, Jacob Benja- 
min, August Bondi and Fred. Weimer, associates of 
the town company of Greeley, filed their plat of 
said town and a petition in the probate court claim- 
ing the right to pre-empt the townsite ; and on the 
14th day of October following it was pre-empted 
by George Wilson, probate judge, for the benefit of 
the occupants of the townsite. In the spring of 
1857 building and business commenced lively ; but 


for want of better material, most of the houses were 
constructed of logs. In 1857 saw mills were erec- 
ted and good lumber could be obtained for more 
substantial buildings. The first store opened in 
Greeley was by B. F. Smith, in 1857. He kept 
such articles as were generally needed b}' the set- 
tlers. They were sold at high prices, because of 
the freight and risk in getting them by wagons and 
teams from the Missouri river. 

In the 3"ears 1857-8-9 a heavy immigration settled 
on the Pottowatomie, and in 1859 ^'^^^ population of 
the township was as large as it has ever been since. 

During the war improvements were almost entire- 
1}' suspended ; but with the return of peace the pat- 
riotic soldiers that survived the war returned to en- 
jo}' the blessings of a free country, which in its full- 
ness could onl}' be appreciated b}- them. Then 
prosperity blessed the country, and Greeley shared 
its growth, until it now contains three wagon shops, 
three blacksmith shops, one cabinet shop, one hotel, 
one general store, one dry goods store, one tin shop, 
one saw mill, one flouring mill, a commodious 
school house, and a good church edifice, belonging 
to the United Brethren denomination. 

The general desire for making money and specu- 
lation caused the early settlers to lay out townsites 
in various portions of the Territor}' ; and many town- 
sites failed to become the cities anticipated, and are 
now known only in the history of the country. One 
of these towns was organized about the first of Sep- 


tember, 1857, and was known by the name of " Pot- 
towatomie," afterwards called "Mount Gilead." 
The town compan}' was composed of Rufus Gilpat- 
rick, J. G. Blunt, Henry Nugent, Willis Ayres, J. 
F. Wadsworth and others. September 11, 1857, 
Dr. Rufus Gilpatrick, president of the Pottowatomie 
town company, presented a plat of the town of Pot- 
towatomie to John Shannon, a notar}^ public, who 
made a certificate to the same, setting forth that the 
lands covered b}'' the plat were claimed as a town- 
site. On the 2ist day of July, i860, J. G. Blunt, 
secretar}' of the Pottowatomie town company, pre- 
sented for filing in the recorder's office of the county 
a plat and a surve}^ made by N. J. Roscoe, sur- 
veyor, of the townsite. It was laid out as a rival 
town to Greeley, being only one-half mile west of 
that town. The proprietors of Mount Gilead were 
men of energy, and soon succeeded in getting the 
postotfice and most of the business removed from 
Greeley to Mount Gilead ; but time proved that the 
new town was not well located for a prosperous cit}', 
on account of the great depth to water ; so the en- 
terprise was abandoned, and the townsite has since 
been inclosed, in connection with several other ad- 
jacent tracts, by Gen. Blunt, and is now one of the 
finest farms in the county. 

The first saw mill erected in the township was 
located b}' the Mount Gilead town company, on the 
townsite, in the fall of 1857. The Greeley town 
company erected a saw and grist mill on their town- 


site in the spring of 1858, which did a good business 
for six or eight years, and then gave place to a bet- 
ter and larger one. John Robinson and Mc- 
Laughlin in 1867 built a mill in Greeley that is still 
in successful operation. In the spring of 1874 
Chris. Bouck, of Newel, Iowa, a practical miller and 
mill-wright, who had been engaged in that business 
in Iowa for several years, being desirous of locating 
in a better wheat country, came to Greeley, where 
the leading business men gave him some induce- 
ments, which he accepted, and immediately com- 
menced the construction of a lirst-class merchant 
mill ; but meeting unexpected reverses in financial 
matters, was delayed in the completion of the same 
until in the fall of 1875, when he enlisted J. K. Gardner 
and John Weaver, of Albany, N. Y., men of capi- 
tal, to assist him in the enterprise, as partners, and 
Greeley can now boast of a fine merchant mill in 
full operation. 

The first school taught in the township was by T. 
Wadsvvorth, in a cabin on the claim of M. E. Mitch- 
ell, for three months, commencing November, 1856. 
His wages were $30 per month, and board among 
the pupils, twelve in number, some of them living a 
distance of five miles from the school house. This 
was the first school in the county. The next fall 
and winter Allen Jaqua taught a term of four months 
in the same cabin, with an average attendance of 
twenty pupils. 

In the spring of 1857 a Methodist Sabbath school 



was organized by W. C. McDow, near his claim, 
where he acted as superintendent of the school, 
which was well attended. This was the first Sab- 
bath school in the county. 

In the summer of the same year another Sabbath 
school was org'anized, with Richard Robinson as 
superintendent, in Sutton valley. 

In 1859 W. H. McClure, Bishop D. Edwards, 
Henr}' Hamler and others commenced solici- 
tations for means to build a house of worship at 
Greele}', for the United Brethren in Christ. The 
building was commenced and inclosed during the 
summer of i860, but was not finished for several 
3'ears. This was the tirst church building in the 
count}'. A union Sabbath school was organized at 
the same place during the same spring, with W. H. 
McClure as superintendent. The number of pupils 
in this school was about thirty ; and the school thus 
organized, with some degree of success, was kept 
up for fourteen years, when a denominational school 
took its place, under the auspices of the United 
Brethren in Christ, with L. Champe as its superin- 


At tlie March election, 185S, for supervisors, J. E. Wliite 
was elected chairman, and Wesley Spindler and C. W. C al- 
ien, members of the board ; John T. Lanter, clerk, and J. 
F. Wadsworth. treasurer. 

In March, 1869, J. V. AV'adsworth was elected chairman, 
and C. W. Culten and Isco Sutton, members of the board. 


In March, 1859, the justices of the peace elected were 

254 andp:rsox coirxTr. 

}?aniuel Mack. ^y. i\ McDon . Jaiiips Siittuii and .fames D, 

At tlR' t'lcrtiuu in J)(.M('iul)cr. ISoS). under tiie Wyaudotto 
constitution, Jacol) Ik'njamin and James Sutton were elec- 
ted justices of the peace; and their term of office com- 
menced in 1861. 1863. 1). W. Smith and Jolin Macklin 
were elected : 1865. W. H. H. Lowry and James Sutton 
were elected. Lowry resigned in June, 1836, and A. U. 
Mumaw was appointed to till the vacancy. 1867, A. K. 
Mumaw and John Wilson <'l(Mted ; 1869, J. W. Lyon and 
Henry AVilson elected : 1871. J. W. Lyon and Henry Wil- 
son elected. Lyon left the county in 1872, and D. W. 
Smith was appointed to till the vacancy: 1873, William 
Tull and J. T. Weeden elected : 1875. D. AV. Smith and 
Henry Wilson elected. 


1860-1-2. Tsco Sutt(m: 1863. William Beeler ; 1864, Web- 
ster Brown ; 1865-6, Isco Sutton ; 1867-8. Jesse N. Sutton ; 
1869. John ^ox ; 1870-1-2, D. W. Smith ; 1873, S. A. Spring- 
ston : 1874. J. W. Vaughn ; 1875, John Poplin. 


1868-9-70, M. A. Mitchell; 1871-2-3. W. F. Priest : 1874. 
W. H. McPlure : 1875. John Fox. 


1868-9-70-1. M. W. Latham; 1872. J. J. Montgomery; 
1873. J. W. Lvon ; 1874, E. VV^ White ; 1875. J. AV. Vaughn. 


Organization of Monroe Tozanship — Settlements 
— Towns — Elections — Snccessize Officers. 

Monroe township is situated in the central and 
northern portions of the county. Its boundaries 
Avere first estabHshed in October, 1857, containing 
an area of forty-tive square miles, and the first town- 
ship officers were elected in the spring of 185S. The 
North and South Pottowatomie creeks run across 
the township, supplying it with plenty of water and 
timber. The territory north of North Pottowatomie 
was cut off and included in Putnam township, which 
greatly reduces the limits of Monroe. It contains 
some of the finest valley lands in the county, and 
has some of the first settled farms in the county. 

The first white settler in the township was Patrick 
Tyler, in the spring of 1855, on the farm now occu- 
pied by Judge William Spriggs. 

A number of persons settled in the township in 
the year 1855, among whom were C. E. Dewey, H. 
H. Williams, Darius Frankenberger, W. L. Frank- 
enberger, M. M. Minkler, Frank Winkley,John H. 
Rockers, Frederick Rockers, James McGue, Eli P. 
Bawgus, Samuel Anderson, Wilson Anderson, John 
Anderson, John McDaniel. John Rogers, Henry Al- 
derman and Henry Feuerborn. 


This township was celebrated for its to wnsites. In 
the earlv part of 1856 Garnett was laid out. The 
history of its location and progress has been given 
in another chapter in this volume, and will only re- 
ceive a partial notice here. The town of Canton 
was located and laid out in 1857, b}^ B. T\der, on 
section 23, township 20, range 20. It was laid out 
as a rival to Garnett. Some improvements were 
made on its site in 1858-9: but, when the question 
of the county seat was settled in favor of Garnett, 
Canton was soon abandoned and left to the roaminar 
herds, but has since been reduced to tine farms by 
the husbandman. Such was the fate of the once 
noted rendezvous of intemperance and wickedness. 

The town of Shannon was laid out in 1857, by 
Dr. Preston Bo wen. It was named in honor of 
Wilson Shannon, second Governor of Kansas Ter- 
ritory. Some improvements were made on the town- 
site in 1857-8 ; but when the county seat was re- 
moved from Shannon to Garnett, in 1859, ^^ went 
the way of all sublunary things : and the public parks 
and squares are now part of the line farm owned by 
Dr. Bowen. 

Another town of some historical notoriety was 
laid out in 1858, by Dr. G. W. Cooper, adjoining 
the townsite of Garnett on the south, named Man- 
dovi, and covered as much paper as any town in 
Kansas, and it took as much paper to make a deed 
for one of its lots. While this town had no im- 
provements as a town, it had the finest lithographed 


map of any in Kansas, which was equivalent to one 
hundred thousand dollars of buildings for selling 
purposes. In those days all that was necessary to 
sell town lots was to stake out the townsite, get a 
fine lithographic«map, and go into the Eastern States 
with a fine historical sketch of the excellent advan- 
tages of the future city, its proximity to large 
streams and bodies of timber ; beautiful valleys of 
rich soil surrounding it ; and great abundance of 
building stone, for a town of one hundred thousand 
inhabitants, with positive assurance of a railroad, 
within a few months, through its limits. These pa- 
per towns have failed to bring forth the future profit 
so beautifully set forth by the oily tongues of the 
speculators in this species of property. 

In 1856 a number of settlers came into Monroe 
township. Among the more prominent of these are 
Alanson Simons, B. F. Simons, George Simons, 
Charles Simons, Samuel McDaniel, Wm. J. Bayles, 
Thos. Bayles, Marion Fraker, James Y. Campbell, 
Jacob Troy, W. A. Tipsword, Leon Phillips, F. L. 
Majors, W. Beddoes, B. Tyler, John H. Pattie, 
Wm. Tull, G. W. Yandall and Wm. Puett. 

The following are the more prominent among the 
settlers of 1857 : C. W. Fraker, Isaac Hiner, D. D. 
Judy, W. L. Webster, J, L. Bockover, WilHam 
Spriggs, Geo. S. King, Wm. Smith, W. S. Smith, 
G. A. Cook, Jonathan Masterson, Thomas Lind- 
say, C. B. Smith, J. N, Chambers, Nathaniel Cot- 


tie, D. D. Lampman, Harvey Springer and J. M. 

Of the settlers of 1858 the following are the more 
prominent: D. W. Houston, Charles Norris, EHas 
Norris, Wm. McLaughlin, John R. Slentz, E. E. 
Moore, John Parker, Christian Bowman, Norman 
A. Porter, J. G. Smith, H. Tefft, John S. Stowe, 
William Tefft and John Johnston. 

The prominent settlers of 1859 were James Mc- 
Laughhn, Robert McLaughhn, C. P. Alvey, S. J. 
Crawford, Hugh Quinn, J. Graham, Samuel Boyd, 
G. W. Her and Wm. Lampman. 


1858, John McDaniel. chairman; Charles Hidden and 
William Piiett ; 1859, C. W. Fraker, chairman; John H. 
Pattie and Wm. Smith. 


1860-1, Clark B. Smith ; 1863, G. W. Arrell. [There was 
a tie vote between C. B. Smith and G. W. Arrell, which 
was decided by the board in favor of Arrell.] 1864-5, C. B. 
Smith; 1866, J. T. Lanter ; 1867, J. L. Kercheval ; 1868, 
John Pticketts ; 1869-70-1-2, L. M. Earnest ; 1873-4-5-6, 
R. W. Gailey. 


1858^9, C. E. Dewey ; 1869-70-1-2-3, G. M. Everline ; 1874, 
J. M. Craig; 1875-6, George Patton. 


1858, Enoch Barker ; 1859, Thomas Lindsay ; 1868, M. B. 
Taylor ; 1869-70-1-2-3-4-5-6, John liicketts. 


1858, Henry Feuerborn, M. G. Carr, D. D. Judy and 
Wm. J. Bayles'; 1859, Wm. J. Bayles, Charles Hidden, D. 


D. Judy and M. G. Carr ; 1860-1, Isaac Hiuer and Harvey 
.Si)riug-er ; 1863, G. W. Her and G. A. Cook ; 186-4, Joseph 
Williams, to till vacancy caused by the resignation of Iler ; 
1865, G. A. Cook and James McLaughlin ; 1867, G. A. 
Cook and Harvey Syring-er ; 1889, G. A, Cook and J. W. 
Rice, both of whom resigned in the fall of the same year. 
1870, Milton Mills and James Reber were elected to till va- 
cancies ; 1871, Milton Mills and A. M. Thorne ; 1873, G. A. 
Cook and A. M. Thorne: 1875. G. A. Cook and L.H. Gor- 


'Jackson Tozvnship — Its Boundaries — Organiza- 
tion — Streams — Soil — Timber — Prominent Set- 
tlers from 18 j^ to i860 — First School — First Mar- 
riage — First Death — Successive Township Officers. 

Jackson township was established in October, 
1857, with the following boundaries : Commencing 
at the northwest corner of section 19, township 20, 
range 20 ; running thence west six miles ; thence 
north nine miles : thence east six miles ; thence 
south nine miles ; containing fifty-foursquare miles, 
consisting of high, undulating prairie, bottom and 


woodland, the latter bordering on Cedar and North 
Potto watomie creeks, and their tributaries. The 
streams furnish an abundant supply of water to 
every portion of the township. Plenty of good tim- 
ber, and sand and limestone of superior quality are 
found skirtintj the streams. The soil is not sur- 
passed in fertilit}' in the State. The assessor's re- 
turns show that it surpasses any other portion of the 
county in its productiveness. 

The board of county commissioners, on the yth 
day of April, 1870, formed the township of Putnam, 
and made the North Pottowatomie the north line of 
Jackson township, which reduced the township 
about one-third in area. 

The first settlement made in the territory now in 
the township was on the North Pottowatomie, in 
1855. The following are some of the more noted 
settlers of that year: Granville Fagg, B. L. Ading- 
ton, Christian Feuerborn, Rezin Porter, Thomas 
Maloy, James Maloy, John Kirkland, Richard Sand- 
lin, Henry Harmon, Daniel Harmon, Wm. Bundy, 
Geo. Thompson and John Falls. 

In 1856-7, Riley Watkins, John Ramsey, Anson 
Rudd, James Black, Jackson Black, James A. Dor- 
sey, C. W. Ballard, John Tefft, Benjamin Lawel- 
lin, A. Lawellin, Henry Duncan, Wm. Dennis, John 
Hegetschweler, W. R. Vancoyoc, H. Cavender, J. 
H. Best, Tillman Dennis and Leander Putnam. 

The following are the first officers elected in the 
township : Rezin Porter, chairman of board of 


supervisors ; John R. Kirkland and W. E. Beddoes, 
supervisors; J. H. Best, assessor; J. W. Lawellin, 
ckrk ; Henderson Cavender, treasurer ; William 
Dennis, Hiram Tefft, John L. Adington, justices of 
the peace ; W. Tefft and Tillman Dennis, con- 

The first school taught in Jackson township was 
in a cabin on the claim of Benjamin Lawellin, in the 
fall of 1858, by Miss Josephine Ramsey. 

The first religious services were held in the town- 
ship at the house of Benjamin Lawellin, in 1857 ; 
and the first Sabbath school was organized at the 
same place in 1858. 

The first white child born in the township was a 
son of Richard and Sarah SandHn, in the year 1856. 
The first two marriages in the township were solemn- 
ized on the same day. The persons married were 
Giles Sandlin and Eliza Harmon, and Daniel Har- 
mon and Mary Sandlin. There was considerable 
talk as to the legality of the marriages, in the neigh- 
borhood, on the ground that the justice of the 
peace who solemnized them had not received a 
commission from the Governor. Legal gentlemen 
were consulted, who pronounced the marriages le- 
gal under the laws of Kansas. 

The first death in the township was more than 
ordinarily sad. It was the accidental killing of 
Tipsword, an account of which has been given in 
the foregoing pages. 

From 1857 to i860 a number of prominent men 


settled in the township, among whom were G. W. 
FHnt, Thomas Flint, A. D. Jones, James W. Jun- 
kins, Thomas G. Headley, Morgan Heflin, B. F. 
King, B- M. Lingo, B. P. Brown, Dr. Wm. Smith. 
Wm. Hopkins, Robert McLaughlin, Wm. Severns 
and John Hurd. 


1858, Rezhi Porter, chairman of the boartl ; Jolui Kh'k- 
land and W, E. Beddoes ; 1859. John L. Adington. chair- 
man ; T. (i. Headley and Reziu Porter. 


18.58. AVilliam Dennis, Hiram Tefft, John L. Adiugtou 
and Leander Putnam ; 1860-1. William Dennis and Leander 
Putnam ; 1863, John R. Kirkland and G. AV. Flint ; 1864. 
William Dennis, to till vacancy caused by the removal of 
.John R. Kirkland from the township ; 1865, William Den- 
nis and G. W. Flint : 1867, William Dennis and G. A. 
Marshall ; 1868, W'illiam Morton, to till vacancy : 1869, J. 
T. B. Routh and William Horton ; 1871, VV^illiam Dennis 
and William Horton; 1873, William Dennis and AV'illiam 
Hester: 1875, G. A. Marshall and Thomas (xowdy. 


1860, J. T. B. Routh: 1861. J, W. Junkins : 1862, William 
Smith : 1863. T. G. Flint ; 1864, W. R. Vanscoyoc ; 1865, 
B. M. Lingo ; 1866, AVilliam Dennis ; 1867, Samuel Crum : 
1868-9-70-1, AAllliam Dennis ; 1872, J. F. Hunt ; 1873, L. D. 
Baruett: 1874, S. A. Herriman ; 1875. J. W. Lawellin. 


1858-9, J. AV. T.awellin : 1868. J. J. Osborn ; 1869, AVil- 
liam Horton : 1870, J. W. Lawellin : 1871-2, J. AI. Axtell ; 
1S73. D. AV. Hodgin; 1874-5, J. F. Hunt. 


18.58, Henderson Cavender : 1868. AVilliam Severns ; 1869, 


Thomas Severns ; 1870-1. O. B. Brown : 1H72. Jt)liu Shelley ; 
1873, J. M. Hen-iiiiau: 1874. J. F. Doiiylas^s : 1875, C. Mar- 


Reeder Township — Its Early Settlement— ^Boun- 
daries — Organization — Tozvnshi-p Officers^ etc. 

At an adjourned meeting of the board of county 
commissioners of Anderson county on the 7th day 
of October, 1857, the county was divided into mu- 
nicipal townships, and that portion of the county 
commencing at the northeast corner of section 24, 
township 19, range 18 ; running thence west on the 
county hne eight miles to the northwest corner of 
the county ; thence south on the count}' line sixteen 
miles ; thence east eight miles ; thence north on the 
range line between ranges 18 and 19, sixteen miles, 
to the place of beginning, constituted the townships 
of Reeder and Geary, being each eight miles square, 
and at a meeting of the board of county commis- 
sioners in March, 1858, the township of Geary was 
added to that of Reeder. Reeder township was 


named in honor of Andrew H. Reeder, the first 
Governor of the Territory ; contains an area of 128 
square miles, and is watered by North Pottowatomie 
creek and its numerous branches, the largest of 
which are Sac, lanthe, Pomtma, Elm, Cherry and 
Thomas creeks. 

The first white settlers in Reeder township were 
John H. Wolken and family, who came to the 
county in July, 1855, and settled on a claim near 
where Central City was aftei-wards located. He 
built a cabin and made some other improvements, 
but there being no settlement nearer than ten miles, 
and the Indians passing, and frequently stopping at 
their cabin, his family became alarmed, and in Sep- 
tember following he removed with his family some 
twelve miles farther down the creek, and took a 
claim where he still resides. 

About the first of April, 1856, James Carl, Wil- 
liam Dukes and George Hamilton located in the 
township, on one of the central branches of Pottowato- 
mie creek, and soon thereafter were followed by Allen 
Dukes, Casey Dukes, John Bobier and Otis Dagget 
and their families. Mr. Carl and family were for- 
merly from the State of New York. They settled 
and improved the farm now owned b}^ Samuel Earn- 
est. They sold their claim in the spring of 1857 to 
James R. Means, and moved to Middle creek, in 
Franklin county, where they still reside. The Dukes 
and Hamilton came from Missouri, and were Pro- 
Slavery men in sentiment. Mr. Bobier and his son- 


in-law, Mr. Dagget, came from Canada ; were first- 
class citizens, and possessed of considerable prop- 
erty and means. Mr. Bobier settled and improved 
the farm since owned by Jackson Means, while Mr. 
Dagget made some improvements on the farm af- 
terwards owned by Robert S. Peny. About 
this time Thomas J. Owens, with his family, took 
possession of the cabin built and abandoned the pre- 
vious summer by John H. Wolken, where he resided 
until the spring of 1857, when he sold his claim for 
$800 to Messrs. Marsh and Hoskins, and took a 
claim near where Garnett is now located. 

On the last day of April, 1856, a few days 
after Col. Buford landed at Kansas City, Missouri, 
with 300 men, to make Kansas a slave State, Solo- 
mon Kauffman and Joseph J. Ingliss, formerly of 
Pennsylvania, landed at the same place, and on the 
day following passed through Buford's camp at 
Westport, Missouri, and on the 3d day of May ar- 
rived at Lawrence, Kansas. After spending two 
weeks in looking over the Territory, they arrived at 
Mineral Point, on the 17th day of May, where they 
had a fair view of the western half of the county. 
Here they determined to stop, and, after visiting 
some of the settlers, they on the 19th of the same 
month selected their claims clnd commenced im- 
proving them, under very unfavorable circumstances, 
having nothing but their axes and hoes to work with. 
After getting the logs ready for their cabins, Kauff- 
man drove Allen Dukes' breaking team during the 


working days of the week, for the use of his team 
to draw the logs to the place for his cabin on Sun- 
day, that being the onl}- da}' that he could get the 
use of the team. 

This little settlement was isolated on the Pottowat- 
omie, being fifteen miles from it to the nearest house, 
and the nearest postofiice or store was at the Sac 
and Fox Indian agency, a distance of eighteen miles, 
where either Kauffman or Ingliss would make an oc- 
casional trip for their mail, and to learn what was 
going on in the outside world. The news of the 
sacking of Lawrence, on the 21st of May, 1856, was 
not received in this settlement until the week follow- 
ing. It was brought by a Pro-Slavery man named 
Ivey, and was very much exaggerated. He stated 
that all of the houses in Lawrence except three were 
in ashes, when in fact but three houses were 
burned. The killing of Sherman, Doyle and sons 
at Dutch Henr}' crossing of the Pottowatomie was 
not known for many days, and as soon as received 
the Dukes and their connections, all being Pro-Sla- 
very, sold their claims and left for Missouri. , 

In August following Otis Dagget and family left 
the Territory, and Kauffman and Ingliss went to 
Lawrence and enlisted in the Free State cause, 
leaving but two families, Bobier's and Carl's, in the 
neighborhood, with Thomas J. Owens and family 
residing some eight miles to the southeast, on the 
main Pottowatomie creek, isolated and alone, ex- 
cept when visited by the Indians, with whom he 


trafficked, exchanging "firewater" for ponies and 

About the 15th of December, 1856, Kauffman re- 
turned to his claim, and with him came John S. 
Robinson, Charles W. Peckham and William G. 
Hill, who took claims in the same neighborhood, 
and were followed soon after by Robert D. Chase, 
Caveness and their families. 

In the spring of 1857 there was a large immigra- 
tion into this neighborhood, prominent among which 
were David Buffon, Cyrus H. James, James R.. 
Means, Jackson Means, William C. Howard, David 
L. Duff, Rev. Isaac Eaton, John Eaton, Dr. Jacob 
Messic, Dr. D. B. Swallow, S. S. Tipton, James 
Donaldson and their families. 

On the Fourth of July, 1857, the people in the 
western part of the township celebrated the nation's 
birth at Mineral Point, which was the first celebra- 
tion in the township, and on that day those present 
gave the name "Mineral Point" to the mound where 
S. S. Tipton had located. 

A military company was organized for mutual 
protection, the same day. The following is a com- 
plete roll of the company : 

Captahi, J. Alift"; first lieutenaut, Levi L. Ilayden ; sec- 
ond lieutenant, James H. Hadley ; first sergeant, S. S. 
Patton ; second sergeant, David P. Bethureni ; first cor- 
l)oral, Edward Drum ; second corporal, W. W. AVhitaker ; 
<;ommissary, Q. A. Jordou ; quartermaster, S. S. Tipton ; 
privates, Nelson F. Tipton, George Plinde, Isaac Bethu- 
rem, David Sheener, James CaflVey, John Hayes, E. F. 


Boughton, Ezekicl Bull, Benj. Folk, John Folk, Isaac Van 
Camp, John Owen, II. II. Stone, George Linken, Francis 
Keeny, David F. Tabler, Chas. Boggus, E. A7. Parniley, 
Thomas Eunyan, John Groves, Peter Catner, James Hood. 

Among the prominent settlers of this year, south 
and west of Mineral Point, were Levi L. Hayden,- 
David P. Bethurem, D. F. Tabler, A. V. Poindex- 
ter, Daniel Lankard, Tobias Lankard, James H. 
Hadley, Samuel S. Patton, Samuel W. Arrant, T. 
W. Painter, Christopher Fox, Christian Bowman, 
Ezekiel Bull, John Groves, John T. Martin, Asa J. 
Yoder, John C. Kelso and Thomas McElroy. 

In the summer the settlement was thrown into 
great excitement over the disappearance of a noted 
ox. After considerable search the head and hide 
w^ere found in a hollow in the neighborhood, and 
the flesh in a well. The settlers met and organized 
a people's court — A..V. Poindexter, judge; Asa J. 
Yoder, clerk ; and John Eaton, prosecuting attorney ; 
and the parties suspicioned were placed on trial for 
stealing the ox. The farce of a trial was continued 
several days, nearly all the settlers in the immediate 
neighborhood being present. The court decided 
that the accused should pay for the ox and leave the 
Territor}^ The finding of the court was followed 
by forcibl}^ compelling the accused and their fam- 
ilies to leave the neighborhood, leaving good tim- 
bered claims. The parties who were clamorous for 
them to leave soon commenced cutting and hauling 
away the timber, to improve their own claims. 


In after years the accused returned and commenced 
suits against the trespassers ; also a number of crim- 
inal prosecutions, which kept the settlement in con- 
fusion for several 3'^ears, until many of the partici- 
pants left the township, and their places were filled 
with industrious farmers. 

The first death that occurred in the township was 
the wife of John Bobier, who died of consumption, 
contracted before she came to the Territory. She 
was buried July 19, 1857, south of the creek, on the 
farm afterwards owned by Robt. S. Perry. 

The first marriage in the township was that of S. 
S. Patton and Rebecca Tipton, in the winter of 
1857. The}' still reside in the township. 

The first child born in the township was George 
Means, son of Jackson Means, in 1858. 

In the spring of 1857 James B. Lowry, D. H. 
Shields, James S. Duncan and their families located 
in the eastern part of the township. Lowry was a 
lawyer, had been practicing his profession prior to 
leaving Ohio, and continued to practice in this State 
for three or four years. He was a man of sound 
judgment, a fine lawyer, and was elected to the 
House of Representatives of the State in 1861. 

In June, Stephen Marsh, Mrs. Hoskins, C. C. Hos- 
kins, Simpson Lake and others from Iowa settled 
near Central City, in this township. In the follow- 
ing winter John B. Lambdin and his sons put up a 
good saw mill near Central City, and about the same 
time the Cresco town company set up a steam saw 


mill on a branch of the Pottowatomie, near the 
farm now owned by Joel T. Walker, which did good 

On the i6th day of May, 1857, the Cresco town 
company was formed, with John S. Robinson, presi- 
dent ; Wm. C. Howard, treasurer ; and Solomon 
Kauffman, secretary ; and was incorporated by an 
act of the Legislature of February 11, 1858. The 
company claimed, under the pre-emption act, the 
southwest quarter of section 21, and the northwest 
quarter of section 28, township 20, range 18, as a 
townsite. The compan}^ filed a plat of the same in 
the district land office. 

Several buildings were erected the following sum- 
mer. A blacksmith shop was established by Wm. 
C. Howard, and a wagon shop by James C. Kelso ; 
also a postoffice, with Wm. C. Howard as postmas- 
ter, which was the second postoffice established in 
the county. Not being on a regular mail route it 
was supplied by mail from Hyatt, by private con- 
veyance. James C. Kelso succeeded Mr. Howard 
as postmaster in the spring of 1859, ^"^ resigned in 
the autumn following. James R. Means was then 
appointed, and the office was moved to his house, 
some three miles north of Cresco. 

The voting precinct for this part of the county 
was at Cresco, it being centrally located. In the 
spring of 1859 ^^^ inhabitants of the town, and 
many of the settlers in the neighborhood, caught 
the " Pike's Peak" gold fever, and the town was 


abandoned. The voting precinct was moved to 
Central City the same fall, where it still remains. 

The* first store in Central City was established by 
W. S. Eastwood and H. N. F. Reed, in the sum- 
mer of 1858. Stephen Marsh and his son Oliver 
erected a large two-story frame building at Central 
City, the same year, and established a good store, 
consisting of dry goods, groceries, hardware, boots 
and shoes, etc., and it was for several years the best 
mercantile estabHshment in the county. The 
Marshes opened a store in Humboldt in i860, and 
J. S. Johnson succeeded them in Central City. 

The first school district in the township was or- 
ganized in 1859, with James R. Eaton, director: 
James R. Means, treasurer, and Solomon Kauffman, 
clerk. A school was taught the same year, with 
Jackson Means as teacher, using an abandoned log 
cabin, near where Samuel Earnest now resides, for 
a school house. This was the first school taught in 
the township, and was well attended. A school 
was taught in the same cabin the following winter 
by the same teacher, and in the spring of 1861 a 
permanent school house site for this district (No. 
16) was selected one mile farther west, and a better 
t)uilding erected, which was soon after followed by 
a good substantial stone building, since known as 
the Moler school house, and, besides being used for 
school purposes, it has been used ior religious ser- 
vices. Sabbath school and public meetings. The 
Reeder township fair, in the fall of 1871, was held 


at this place, and was equal to our county fairs in 
former years. 

Among the prominent men who settled in this 
township during 1859 were John L. Hill, Mathew 
Porter, H. Facklam, A. O. Cooper, H. R. Hall, 
Robert Burk, James R. Wood, John S. Wood and 
A. L. Osborn, who took claims and made valuable 
improvements. A. L. Osborn established a black- 
smith shop on the Humboldt road, south of where 
Cyrus H. Lowry now resides, and afterwards moved 
to Garnett, where he still carries on the same busi- 

John L. Hill took a claim on Cherr}' creek, and 
commenced improving it, with little or no means. 
Being a shoemaker by trade, he worked at the 
bench evenings, on w^et days, and when he could 
spare the time from his plow. He now owns one of 
the best improved farms in the county, and has lo- 
cated several members of his family on good farms 
near him. Mathew Porter has improved a fine farm 
near Central Cit}', and has been a very successful 
farmer. A. O. Cooper and his sons, William H. 
and Charles T. Cooper, improved fine farms in the 
same neighborhood. 

Prominent among the settlers in i860 were John 
Moler, Peter S. Patton, A. S. Blackstone, Michael 
Williams, Terance McGrath and A. V. Saunders. 
John Moler purchased the claim of 160 acres taken 
and improved by Dr. Messic, and has since pur- 
chased other land, and added to it, and has now one 


of the largest and best improved farms in the county, 
which he has stocked with a tine lot of thorough- 
bred and graded Durham cattle. 

In 1857 a settlement was commenced on lanthe 
creek, in the northwest part of the township. Prom- 
inent among the earl}^ settlers were Dr. D. B. Swal- 
low, Joseph Benedum, Daniel Doolin, William Fitz- 
gerald and Michael Glennen. 

This is known as the Emerald (or Irish) settle- 
ment ; it has a postoffice, and a tine church building, 
erected on an elevated point, where it can be seen 
for many miles. The congregation is Catholic, of 
good membership. 

In 1865 C. H. Lowry established a steam saw 
mill on Pottowatomie creek, where he now resides, 
and continued to operate it for several years. S. W. 
Arrant built a small mill, run by water power, on 
his farm, west of Central City, but it never proved 
successful. A good steam saw mill was established 
in the spring of 1871, on the farm owned by Michael 
WilHams ; was afterwards sold to Smith P. Cornell, 
who subsequent!}' moved it to Cherry creek, where 
it is still operated. 


1858, Solomou Kauftman, cliairmaii ; T, W. Painter and 
Joseph Benedum ; 1859, J. R. Eaton, chairman. 


1860, II. X. F. Reed ; 1861. Jackson Means; 1862-3-4, S. 
^y. Arrant ; 1865-6-7, John S. Johnson ; 1868, John Moler ; 
1869, Jackson Means; 1870, Robert Burk ; 1871, Jackson 
Means ; 1872-3. James Legg ; 1874, H. C. Reppert ; 1875, 
Henrv Facklam. 



1858, Asa J. Yoder ; 1859. ; 1868-9-70, Daniel 

Hitchcock; 1871-2-3, John Aldridge ; 1874. S. A. Baird; 
1875. James McGahey. 


From 1868 to 1875. inclnsive, M. Porter. 


1858, S. W. Arrant. J. R. Eaton, Milan Grout and Ste- 
phen Marsh ; 1860, S. W. Arrant and J. 11. Eaton ; 1861, J. 
E. Eaton and M. Porter ; 1863, H. R. Hall and A. V. Saun- 
ders ; 1865, M. Porter and Daniel Doolin ; 1867, M. Por- 
ter and Jas. McGahey ; 1869. M. Porter and Robert Burk ; 
1871, M. Porter and John H. Reiser ; 1873, J. H. Reiser and 
Benj. Bacon ; 1871, John Aldridge, to till a vacancy ; 1875, 
Thomas McGrath and S. A. Baird. 


Washington Township — Its Organization — 
Streams — Timber — Settlement — Successive Town- 
ship Officers. 

Washington township is situated in the geo- 
graphical center of the county, and contains fift}'- 
six square miles. It is supplied with plenty of tim- 
ber on Cedar and South Potto watomie creeks, which 
furnish abundance of stock water. The township 
was organized in October, 1857. Ilenr}- Williams 
and Francis A. Hart were appointed justices of the 


peace in November, and were the first officers in 
the township. H. M. Rumley and John B. Dilday 
were the first white settlers in the township : they 
located on South Pottowatomie in July, 1855. Eph- 
raim Reynolds came to the settlement in the fall of 
1855. None of these now live in the county. Rum- 
ley and Dilday removed to Missouri, and Reynolds 
died in the army, a brave and good soldier, in de- 
fense of his country. In the summer of 1856 a num- 
ber of settlers located in the township, among whom 
were Miles Morris and Patrick T^der. 

A colonv was formed at Lawrence about the first 
of December, 1856, consisting principally of men 
who enlisted in the Free State cause in 1856. Thad- 
deus Hyatt, of New York, and W. F, M. Arny, of 
Bloomington, Ills., took an active part in organizing 
the colony, Hyatt furnishing the necessary provis- 
ions for the colony, numbering more than eighty 
persons, for the Avinter of 1856-7, which was unusu- 
ally severe, to induce them to settle in Anderson 
count}^ After John W. Geary, Governor, had es- 
tablished a more peaceable state of affairs, com- 
panies of militia were organized, by order of the 
War Department, to maintain the peace in the Ter- 
ritory. Two companies of militia, all Pro-Slavery 
men, were stationed at Lecompton ; and one com- 
pany, all Free State men, was to remain at Law- 
rence. These companies were armed with muskets 
and accoutrements, clothed and fed by the United 
States government. The company recruited at Law- 


rence was organized about the first of October, 1856, 
with Samuel Walker, captain, James A. Harve}', 
first lieutenant, and J. W. Walker, second lieutenant, 
each of whom had seen some service in our border 
troubles ; and James A. Harvey had served through 
the war with Mexico. He was colonel of the Third 
Free State regiment during the troubles of 1856. 
This company numbered eighty-seven men. After 
camping out three weeks, and drilling every day, it 
was supplied with United States uniforms and Sibley 
tents, and went into camp in the timber west of 
Lawrence, near the camp of Maj. Wood's battahon 
of United States infantry, where they performed 
guard duty until the 30th day of November, 1856, 
when they were mustered out of the service by Maj. 
Wood, U.S. A. These eighty men, mostl}' unmar- 
ried, discharged at the beginning of winter, with no 
employment, and no means to support themselves, 
nor to return to their homes in the Slates, were or- 
ganized into a colony by Thaddeus Hyatt, as hereto- 
fore stated, and on the 15th day of December, 1856, 
proceeded to Anderson county ; and on the 
i8th of December selected the north half 
of the southeast quarter and the northeast quar- 
ter of section 10, and the south half of the south- 
east quarter of section 3, township 21, range 19; 
and in a few days thereafter moved their camp 
on to Cedar creek, just west of the townsite 
of Hyatt. The colony spent some ten days in se- 
lecting claims, there being no settlements on Cedar, 


and but three families in the west part of the county 
at that time. The most of the colonists selected 
claims on Cedar and South Pottowatomie creeks. 
The colon^' lived in tents, enduring many hardships, 
until April, 1857, when a majority of them went on 
their claims and commenced improvements. They 
prepared timbers for a hotel, store and blacksmith 
shop, which were erected during the winter on the 
townsite of Hyatt, In the spring of 1857 a saw mill 
was built — the first erected in the county — and in 
the fall a grist mill was attached, which did good 
work for the settlers of the count}'. 

The Hyatt town company- was organized in Feb- 
ruar3% 1857, by electing W. F. M. Arny, president, 
and Cyrus J. Farley, secretary. A plat and survey 
of the townsite was duly filed in the district land 
office at Lecompton, April 21, 1858, claiming the 
land described for a townsite under the pre-emption 
law ; a plat was also filed in the office of the pro- 
bate judge of the county. This town was laid out 
with the view of making it the county seat. 

The first religious services in the township were 
had at the house of H. M. Rumley, in the fall of 
1856, Rev. Terrell officiating. The first birth was 
a son of Jackson Mason, in 1856 ; the next was a 
daughter of J. B. Dilday, in the fall of the same 
year. A cemetery was established near Hyatt in 
the summer of 1857. 

A store was opened by B. F. Allen, at Hyatt, in 
the summer of 1857 ; he kept a general assortment 


of dry goods and groceries. In June a postoffice 
was established,. and W. F. M. Arny was appointed 

School district No. 8 was organized in 1858, and 
Miss Josephine Ramsey taught the first school 
therein the next fall. 

Dr. J. M. Overholts located at Hyatt in the spring 
of 1857. In July of that year there was much sick- 
ness on Cedar and South Pottowatomie creeks, and 
manv deaths ensued, among whom was Col. James 
A. Harvey, the president of the town company of 
Hyatt, an honorable member of the colony. Soon 
thereafter the prospects of the town began to wane. 
Many left the Territory the same fall ; and when 
the gold excitement of Pike's Peak came, in 1859, 
many of the colony left for the new Eldorado ; and 
soon thereafter the town was abandoned, Garnett 
having become the county seat. All that remains ot 
Hyatt now is the story of its rise and fall. 

A postotfice was established at Springfield in Oc- 
tober, 1858, and A. W. Jones appointed postmaster. 

Among the noted settlers that settled on the east 
side of South Pottowatomie in 1857, in the Spring- 
field neighborhood, were A. W. Jones, Richard 
Mills, W. M. Manlove, Wm. Whipps and John 

Some of the more prominent men w^ho still reside 
in the township are Zar Bennett, John Horn, R. H. 
Cunningham, J. Reynolds, J. M. Johnson, Thomas 
Thompson, J. W. One3^ John W. Paul, Dr. Broom- 
hall, A. W. Phillips, Thos. Warden, J. Y. Alexan- 
der, Robert Moore, James S. Smith, T. J. Owens 
and Emery W. Wilson. 


18.58, A. McArtliur, chairman ; Jolm B. Dildav and Rob- 


ert H. Moore ; 1859. John B. Dilday, cliairniaii : Robert 
H. Moore and . 


1860, A. W. Phillips; 1861, Alexander McArthuv ; 1862, 
William Ajiuew ; l)s63-4. John W. Paul; 1866, (no record 
of election) ; 1867-8-9-70, John Horn; 1871, A. AV^ Phil- 
lips ; 1872, \V. B. Hamilton ; 1873-4, Thoinas Thompson ; 
1875, A. W. Phillips. 


1858-9, John Horn : 1868, R. H. Cunningham ; 1869-70, 
Miles Morris; 1871-2-3-4-5, J. Y. Alexander. 


1868, Abner B. Glover; 1869-70-1-2-3-4-5, Junius Reyn- 


1858, Henry Williams, F'rancis A. Hart, William Reyn- 
olds and A. W. Jones ; 1860, John Campbell and Henry 
Williams; 1861, Henrv Williams and William Reynolds: 
1863-5, A. W. Phillips and Miles Morris; 1867, Zach. Nor- 
ris and A. W. Phillips; 1869-71, Zach. Xorris and R. H. 
Cunningham; 1873, R. H. Cunningham and H.J. Morgan; 
1874, John Campbell, to till vacancy. 


Putnam Toivnshi-p — Organization — Prominent 
Settlers — First School District — First Church 
Bziilding — Mozint Carmel College — Successive 
To2V7ishif Officers. 

Putnam township was formed by the county 
commissioners, April 7, 1870, and named in honor 
of Leander Putnam. The township is bounded as 


follows : Commencing at the northwest corner of 
Walker township, on the north line of the county ; 
thence west to the line between ranges i8 and 19 : 
thence south to the southwest corner of township 
19 ; thence east to lanthe creek : thence following 
the main channel of said creek to Pottowatomie 
creek ; thence down the main channel of Pottowat- 
omie creek to a point where it crosses the line of 
Walker township ; thence north to the place of be- 
ginning ; containing 30 square miles. 

The principal part of the lands of Putnam town- 
ship are high, rolling prairie. It has, however, good 
valley lands, and timber along the streams forming 
its southern boundary. It contains some of the 
finest farms in the county. 

The first settlement in this portion of the county 
was made by the Rocker famil3% in 1855, on the 
north side of the Pottowatomie, and during the sum- 
mer of 1856 several others came, among whom were 
Henry Feuerborn, Rezin Porter, Henry Ritter, Eli 
P. Bawgus, William Tull, Geo. W. Yandall, James 
McGue and Mrs. Totton. 

In the spring of 1857 there was a large immigra- 
tion to the township. The Scipio colon3^ spoken of 
in another chapter, came in this year ; as well as 
many others, who are mentioned elsewhere. The 
Saint Boniface church is situated in this township : 
also Mount Carmel college. The first school dis- 
trict in the county was organized in this township in 
December, 1858, with A. Garrett, James Farrah and 
M. Puett as a school board, who erected the first 
school house in the county. The Saint Boniface 
Catholic church was erected in 1858, and was 
the first church building in the county. In 187 1 
the Catholic church organized a college, known as 


"Mount Carmel,'" and erected a fine building, and 
have since maintained a good school therein. 


1870, J. J. Speucer : 1871-2-3-i-o, Leander Putnam. 


1870, G. W. Flint and J. M. Perrine ; 1872, G. W. Flint 
and J. J. Spencer ; 1874, G. W. Flint and F. Lichteig. 


1870. Leander Putnam ; 1871-2-3— 1, A. C. Messenger ; 
1875, A. R. Smith. 


1870-1-2, Melvin Cottle ; 1873-4, J. F. Ricketts ; 1875, J. 


Z, in CO In Townsh i'j> — Bo iin daries — Organ izatio n 
— Prominent Settlers — Elba Tozvn Company — 6*/^^- 
cessive Tozvn skip Officers. 

Lincoln TO^VNSHIP was formed and its bound- 
aries established October 3, 1870, as follows : Com- 
mencing on the east line of Anderson county, at the 
northeast corner of section 3, township 21, range 
21 ; thence west to the northwest corner of section 
4, township 21, range 20; thence south to the line 
dividing ranges 21 and 22 : thence east to the county 
line ; thence north to the place of beginning ; con- 
taining 48 square miles. 

The first settlement in the township was in May, 
1857, by Daniel Elsbury, on North Sugar creek, and 


during the year the following persons also settled in 
the township : John Lawrence, Charles Vanguilder, 
Wm. Taylor, H. K. Robinson, Wesley Spindler, 
Mrs. Fry, Dr. J. W. Swank, M. E. Osborn, Ben- 
jamin Peoples, James D. Ridgeway, B. F. Ridgewa^^ 
S. B. Miller, Mrs. Ashbm-n. Among those of 1858 
were R. H. P. Snodgrass, Riley Lawrence, Geo. 
Enoch, James Lowr}-, David Wright, A. W. Ross, 
Wm. Vess, Blaine A. Vess, Cyrus Morris, PresleN' 
Morris, Adison Morris, Samuel Morris, Anthony 
Holloman and Virgil Hollomon. Prominent settlers 
of 1859 were C. T. Chapin, Samuel McCollum, 
Daniel McCollum, Nelson Tusteson, James Houri- 
gan, Wm. Rebstock and Christian Rebstock. 

The township is watered by . several streams, 
which suppl}' an abundance of good water. Tim- 
ber is rather scarce. It contains numerous beauti- 
ful round mounds, and a great variety of valley 
land : and the soil of the township is about an aver- 
age with other parts of the county. 

The first death in the township was Mrs. Snod- 
grass, in July, 1858. 

Elba town compan}' was organized January 23, 
1858, composed of Harvey Springer, B. F. Ridge- 
way, A. G. Poteet and William Springer. The 
company surveyed and laid out a town on the west 
half of section 8, township 21, range 21, and filed a 
plat thereof with the probate judge of the county, 
and asked that the land so platted be pre-empted as 
a townsite ; but this town never had any existence 
except on paper, and was never pre-empted, the 
company wisely concluding that it was useless to 
spend time and money in attempting to build a town 
on the site. 

The first election in the township was held on the 


day of the general election in November, 1870. 


1870-1-2, M. E. Osborn : 1873, A. E. Rogers : 1874, Ed. 
Stein; 187.5, D. M. Osboru. 


1870-1-2-3-4, B. A. Vess ; 1875, M. E. Osborn. 


1870-1-2-3, Ed. Stein ; 1874, James Knioht ; 187.5, D. Mc- 


1870, David Wright and M. Osborn; 1871-3, D. M. Os- 
born and J. Brown ; 1875, E. L. Peavey and G. W. Smith. 


Ozark Tozvnshi^ — Organization — Streams — 
First Election — Tozun of Colony — Ohio and In- 
diana Colony — Successive Tozvnship Officers. 

On the loth day of May, 1859, Ozark township 
was established by the board of county supervisors, 
bounded as follows : All that portion of the county 
lying south of township 21, being nine miles wide 
and twenty-four miles long. There is a high eleva- 
tion of land running across the township, known as 
the Ozark ridge, which divides the waters of the 
Arkansas and Missouri rivers. Cedar and South 
Potto watomie creeks head in this township, and 
flow toward the Missouri river, and Indian and Deer 
creeks rise in the same township, and flow toward 
the Arkansas river. The lands of this township 


are principally high, undulating prairie, but it has 
some beautiful valley lands along the streams. 

The first settlement was made in the township on 
Deer creek, by Giles Sater, in the fall of 1855. He 
brought two slaves with him, and kept them until 
i860. Thos. J. Day settled on Deer creek in the 
same year. He was one of the first commissioners 
of Allen county. In 1857 he moved into Anderson 
county. Deer creek was thus named by Day, on 
account of the great number of deer on that stream. 
He also gave Indian creek its name, because of find- 
ing a new-made Indian grave on its banks, the grave 
being marked by a stone with a buck carved upon it. 

Among the settlers of 1856-7, on Deer creek, 
were Alexander Martin, Hiram Cable, David Mar- 
tin, W. Stubblefield, J. P. Pitsford, James Buford, 
H. P. Lawrence, Henr}^ Sater, John Williams, Mrs. 
Doroth}' Jones. Among those who settled on In- 
dian creek about the same time were : Mrs. Mar- 
garet Wiggins, John Stiginwalt, J. P. Whicher, Wil- 
liam Denny and A. P. Clark. On the Osage, in 
this township, were A. G. West, John Hall and 
Joseph C. Mills. 

In 1859 Joseph Price, Thos. J. Day and James A. 
Dorsey associated themselves together as a town 
compan}^ and located and laid out Elizabethtown, 
on section 15, township 23, range 19. Soon there- 
after a little store was opened there by W. Stubble- 
field & Co. They procured a postoftice at that 
place in the same vear. 

The first election was held in the township June 

The territory originall}' included in Ozark town- 
ship has been divided into Ozark, Rich and Indian 
Creek townships. 


Among the settlers on Deer creek from 1859 ^o 
1862 are John Jones, John McD. Martin, B. B. Rock- 
wood, Joseph Price, Dr. P. T. Mathews, S. L. Ful- 
lenwider, S. M. McCoon and G. W. Sands. 

In 1870 the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston 
railroad was completed to the south line of the 
county, and a station was located near the north line, 
of the township, called Welda : another station was 
located on section 6, township 22, range 19, called 
Divide ; at which there has since been a town laid 
out, and the name changed to Colony. In the 
spring and summer of 187 1 a colon^^ was organized 
in Ohio and Indiana, under the leadership of some 
energetic men, such as Col. Henry Wilson, of Sid- 
ney, Ohio, Col. N. Bostwick, of Mt. Vernon, Ohio, 
J. J. Fairbanks, of Indianapolis, Ind., and J. G. 
Norton, of Cincinnati, Ohio, and, after examining 
the State of Kansas and Colorado Territor3^ they 
selected the present site in this township, and in 
March, 1872, the colonists began to arrive, and by 
the middle of May about one hundred persons had 
come. After their arrival the colonists elected Col. 
Henry Wilson, president ; J. J. Fairbanks, vice 
president; J. P. Ewing, secretary; and D. W. 
Ream, treasurer. The colonists have improved 
some good farms in the vicinity of the town of Col- 
ony. The town now numbers about eight3'-five in- 
habitants, has one hotel, one store, one blacksmith 
shop, wagon shop, a real estate office andpostoffice. 
It is a healthful and beautiful place,' and has a class 
of good, energetic citizens. J. J. Fairbanks built the 
first dwelling house in the towm in the winter of 
1872. Dr. J. M. Ford has a first-class dr3'-goods 
and grocer}' store in the town, and does a good 
business, being also a good physician. 



1S59. a. W. Sands, chainnan : John Pitcliford and 
llcurv Satev. 


1860. (i. W. Sands ; 1861-2, Jolin Volk ; 1863-4-5-6-7, A, 
<T. West ; 1868, Josepli Price ; 1869, B. B. llockwood ; 1870, 
Joseph Price ; 1871, William Denny: 1872-3, Joseph Price ; 

1874. J. H. (^anipbell; 1875, S. B. Gamble, 


1859, H. p. Lawrence; 1868, Sylvester Durall ; 1870, S. 
\V. Borinji,-; 1871, A. B. VVandall : 1872, E. W, Poineroy : 
1873, E. F. Ewino : 1874. Geo. Mathews ; 1875. F. ('. Ewing-. 


1859. Hiram Cable; 1868, P. T. Mathews; 1869. T. A, 
Wetherman; 1870, Joseph Walker: 1871. S. W. Boring-; 
1872. (xeorge West ; 1873. Alfred Cook ; 1874-5, Thomas J. 


1859. John Williams; 1860, Joseph Price and J. D. Hos- 
ley ; 1863, Joseph Price and F. R. Marsh ; 1864, A. G. West^ 
to' till yacancy : 1865-6-7-8-9, A. G. West and Joseph Price ; 
1871, J. B. Rhodes and E. W. Pomeroy ; 1873, J. B. Rhodes ; 

1875. J. B. Rhodes and J. J. Fairbanks. 


J^/c/i Tozvnship — Boundaries — Soil — Streams — 
Timber — Coal — Early Settlers — First Election — 
Successive Tozvnship Officers. 

Rich township was formed by the county com- 
missioners Julv 29, 1870, bounded as follows : 
Commencing at the northwest corner of township 
22, range 20 ; running south nine miles, to the south 


line of the county ; thence east ten miles, to the 
southeast corner of the county ; thence north nine 
miles : thence west ten miles, to the place of be- 
ginning ; containing ninety square miles. The sur- 
face of the township is generally undulating prairie : 
soil, fertile. There is some good valley land along 
the streams. The township is furnished with abun- 
dance of stock water hv the Osage river. Sugar 
creek. Deer creek and their tributaries. There is 
but little timber, but an abundance of coal in the 
tow^nship. These coal beds furnish fuel for the sur- 
rounding country. The people have adopted the 
herd law, and man}' farms are cultivated without 
fences until hedges can be grown. The greater 
number of the settlers in the township were soldiers 
during the rebellion, and have settled here since the 
war, on homestead land. It contains many good 
farms and enterprising men. 

The first settlement was on the Osage, in 1857, 
bv A. G. West, John Hall, Joseph C. Mills, F. R. 
Marsh, J. D. Hosley, E. D. Hosley, S. F. West, 
and C. G. Ellis. The followincf are some of those 
who settled in the township in later years : Joseph 
Walker, Charles Revnolds, Morgan Ferguson, 
Alex. McNutt, R. C. Ploughe, D. C. Richner, S. 
DaralLJ. Q. Bowdell, David Barton, Samuel Miller, 
Vincent Sisson, J. A. Bell, S. D. Anderson, John 
H. Shawver, Robt. Grav, Pha Tefft, Caleb Frazer 
and Adam Frazer. 

The first election in the township was held at Mc- 
Nutt's school house, August 27, 1870. 


1870, R. C. Ploughe ; 1871. Svlvester Durall ; 1872. James 
A.Bell; 1873. J. M. 81ireves :' 1874. J. B. Ferguson: 1875, 
J. R. McCov. 



IK70-1-2. I). ('. Richuer: 1873-4. W. C. Routzong': 1875, 
J. B. Ferguson. 


1870, Sylvester Diirall : 1871, P. McXall ; 1872. J. C^. Bow- 
dell : 1873, J. B, Fer-iusou ; 1874, J. S. nainilton ; 1875, B, 


1870, J. Q. Bowdell and James Rasbough; 1871, Morg-au 
Ferguson and John Hall ; 1873-5. Samuel Miller and John 
n. Shawvev. 


Indian Creek Township — Organization — First 
Settleuient — Streams — Successive Township Offi- 
cers . 

Indian Creek township was established by the 
board of county commissioners July lo, 1873, and its 
boundaries fixed as follows : Beginning at the south- 
west corner of the county ; running thence east along 
the south line of the county six miles, to the north- 
east corner of section 15, township 23, range 18 ; 
thence north nine miles, to the north line of Ozark 
township, at the northeast corner of section 3, town- 
ship 22, range 18 ; thence west along the south line of 
Reeder township, to the west line of the county, at 
the northwest corner of section 2, township 22, range 
17 ; thence south along the west line of the county, 
to the place of beginning ; containing fifty-four 
square miles. 


The tirst election for township otiicers was at the 
general election in November, 1873. 

The township is composed of high, undulating 
prairie land, of average soil. Cedar creek rises in 
this township and flows northward. Indian creek 
runs across the township, furnishing pleptv of stock 
water. Martin's creek rises in the southeastern 
part of the township and flows southward. This 
township has but little timber. It lies near the Ne- 
osho river, from which it gets most of its timber. 
The township includes some of the finest grazing 
country in the county. 

The first settlement in the township was made 
on Indian creek, in 1857, b}- Mrs. Margaret Wig- 
gins and familv. Soon after her come, John Stigin- 
walt, F. P. Whicher, A. P. Clark, Thomas Stigin- 
walt, and William Dennv. 

Since the war the followino" gentlemen ha\'e set- 
tied in the township : Squire Worrell, E. W. Pome- 
roy* G. O. Howard, Allen W. Fox, C. C. Leach, 
Milton J. Boyd, Geo. W. McDaniel, M. N. Sinnott, 
A. L. Rogers, Richard Cave, Benj. Sharp, D. Morti- 
mer and C. W. Spencer. 


1873-4-.0, :M. X. Siunott. 


lS7o, Joliii xV. Houso; 1S74. A. Halx-ock : ISTo. A. L. 
1 lowers. 


1878-4, Ku-hard Cave ; 187.5. A. W. Fox. 


1873. R. G. Ellsworth: 1874. Ik'ujainin Sliarp : is7.i. ('. 
('. I.eacli and (>. W. Spencer.