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JUL 241890 

I L L U S T R AT K D . 

l'Hn-,\|iF.r,l'HIA .^ND CHICAGO: 










■^ 7 



IN presenting the history of Eeaver county to its pati'ons, a few state- 
ments are here sul)mitte(l, that may enable the I'eader to judge 
more intelligently of the work as a whole. 

1. Those who were the prime movers in the settlement of the 
county having all paid the linal debt of mortality, and in rare instances, 
only, left any record of the acts of their lifetime, great difficulty was 
experienced in obtaining such information as would justly celebrate 
their merits. The neglect to preserve the eai'ly newspapers, the great 
conservators of local history and jiublic morals, has been keenly felt. 
True, tlie kind generosity of Daniel Reisingei', of Beaver, has put at 
the command of tiie general iiistorian of the work, the l)roken files 
of the Bcaivr Aiyns from 1827, tiirough the period of the Civil War. 
For the courtesy thus sliown, the value of wiiich will be manifested in 
the following pages, the publishers are authorized to extend to Mr. 
Reisinger, with their hearty endorsement, tiie earnest thanks of the 
general historian. 

2. The history of tb.e county, eml)i'acing the subject matter from 
Chapter I to XXV, inclusive, except Chapter II, was prepared by 
Prof. J. Fraise Eichard, aided in some of the work by liis son. Levy 
•S. Richard. Chapter II was prepared by Maj. Thomas Henry, of 
Fallston. The intention has been to preserve, as far as possible, the 
facts of local history, and to give, whenever possible, the names of 
the leaders in all general movements, with the dates of the transactions, 
which will make the work valuable for reference purposes. 


3. Tlie hiogi-aphical sketches were prepared chiefly from notes 
collected by the solicitors, and a copy of each biograpliy was mailed to 
the subject, or his immediate representative, for correction, before 
printing. They have lieen arranged alphabetic;) Ih' under the respect- 
ive divisions of the county, in the latter part of tlie volume. This 
arrangement has been adopteil as the best means of affortling conven- 
ience of reference, and relieving the narrative portion of tedious digres- 
sion. The large number of these sketches has necessitated as brief 
treatment as the circumstances would warrant, and no pains liave been 
spared to make accurate this department, which will increase in value 
and interest with the lapse of years. 

4. The publishers are desired to acknowledge tlie favors and kind 
cooperation of the following : The press of the county, the county 
officials and their assistants ; Hon. Daniel Agnew, whose recollection 
of the early members of the bar, as well as of otlier inipiniaiit matters 
fast fading out, was invaluable; Hons. M. S. Qua}^ W. S. Shallen- 
berger, and Oscai' L. Jackson, all of whom rendered special aid ; Dr. 
John C. Levis, Rev. W. G. Taylor, Frank S. Eeader, Jolm M. 
Buchanan, Jacob Weyand, Michael Weyand, Samuel B. Wilson, 
liobert Harsha, Ira F. Mansfield and John M. Scott, who gave special 
aid by furnishing valuable books, papers aiul memoranda ; Dr. W. H. 
Egle, State librarian; the pastors and leading officials of various 
churches in the county; the recording and presiding officers of various 
societies, and, in a word, to ail who have, in any manner, conti'ibuted 
to tlie furtherance of the enterjn'ise. 




Introductory. —ITirst Settlers Alonjf the 
Delaware— Williaiu Penn— His Early Dilli- 
culties—DissiMisidiis in the Colony— Penn's 
Second Visit tn tin- Province— Accession 
of Governiii- Kcitli — French and Indian 
War- I'ninklinV Mission to England— The 
BoundarN I.ini- StniLinle for Indepen- 
dence— Cnnvi-ntion of nsT— C'onstitntion 
of 1790— Wliiskv 1 iisurrectiou— Stone Coal 
— Conveuticm (.1 is:j7— Pennsylvania in the 
Warof till- lielR'llion _.. 11-511 

CHAPTER I— PnvsiCAi, Features.— Lo- 
cation — Boundaries-Drainage— Raccoon 
and Lake— View of the County by Town- 
ships — Geological Features — Climate — 
Vegetation t)0-«6 

CHAPTERII.— Early Struggles of the 
Ohio and Big Beaver REf;iONS.~Map of 
1731— Indians of the Ohio Valley -The 
Walking Purchase— Early Indian Names 
—The French Claim to the (_>hio Valley — 
The Claim of the English— The Ohi<i Com- 
pany—Expedition of Celeron -Treaties 
with the Indians— Journey of Christian 
Frederick Post — Indian Council at Salt 
Spring-Siege of Fort Pitt— Defeat of the 
Indians at Bushy Kun 67-80 

CHAPTER III.— Pioneers and Pioneer 

Settlements.— Causes of Migration- 
Character of the Early Si'ttlers— Primi- 
tive Cabins and their Surroundings- 
Means of Defense— Fort Mcintosh— First 
Settlers — Lists of Taxables — Mortuary 
List 83-118 

CHAPTER IV —Organization and Ad- 
MiNiSTR.iTiON.- Erection and Bounda- 
ries—The County Seat -Legal Organiza- 
tion-F'irst Prothonotary and Register 
and Recorder— First Grand Jury— First 
Constables— I'irst Innkeepei-s— Justice 
Districts and Early Justices— First Deed 
and Will— First Township Officers— Pub- 
lic Buildings— Official Roster 121-143 

CHAPTER v.— IXTERNAL Affairs.— Land 
Titles— Ivniy Roads and Tiirn|iikes 
Teams and Teamsters— Canals— Hailmads 
— Disastrous Floods— Early Mail I'aiili- 
ties- Population by Decades 143-15+ 

CHAPTERVI. -Bench AND rtAR.—Dignity 
of the Law— Character of Earl>' I!en<h 
and Bar— Sketches of Resident Juilges 
Associate Judges— Prominent Attorneys 
— EarlyAttorney Fees- (Celebrated Causes 
—Associations— ^List of Attorneys 155-lii;i 


CH.\PTER VII. -MEDICAL.-Importance 
erf Popular Education— Healthfulness of 
Beaver County— Epidemic Diseases- 
Sketches of Prominent Physicians— Medi- 
cal Society— List of Physicians iy4-217 

CH.VPTEH VIIL — Educational and 

Religious.— Necessity of Education- 
Primitive Schools— The Comninn School 
System of l.s;i4— Te.\t Books Teachers' 
Conventions Early Teaeliers County 
Superinlendency- Tcaclieis' Instilutes— 
Colleges— Mora\'i;iii Missicnariis l'r<-sby- 
tcrians— Episcopal iaiis--.\| el lioilists- Luth- 
erans— Baptisis Inited Bri'iiiiiMi— Catho- 
lics— German jaithci-aiis i;\ angelical As- 
sociation— Methodist I 'lotestants— Re- 
formed Presbyterians— Church of God- 
Christian Church— Colored Churches .318;233 

CHAPTER IX. — Popular Agitations 
and Philanthropic: Reforms.— Centri- 
fugal and Centripetal Forces— Radicalism 
and Conservatism -Politics— Temperance 
— Slavery- .\nti-Masonic Excitement — 
The Famine in Ireland- Visit of Kossuth— 
Bible Society— Sunday-School Associa- 
tion 23.1-357 

CHAPTER X.— The Industries of the 
County. — Mineral Resources -Oil — Natu- 
ral Gas— Agriculture and Agricultural 
Societies- Manufacturing 358-267 

CHAPTER XI.— The Press —The Art Pre- 
servative —First Newspaper in .\nieiica— 
The Amu-^—Benvrr Itfinililiiaii—nraver 
River Guzittr—DcmDcmlii- ]Viilrhmnn— 
The Auriira-Tlic Sldr—ainlu miil Star— 
Beaver TimeK — FalMnn mid ]Sri{ilitiin 
(iaziMe — Bearer VaUeij Xeitv — The TH- 
Imnc 268-284 

CHAPTER XII.— Military.— War of 1813— 
Roster of Troops— The Mexican War- 
Texas Admitted as a State— Declaration 
of War and the Raising of Troops— David 
A . Mitchel I , 38.5-3«4 

CH.VPTBR XIII.— Military (Continued). 
—The Conflict of l»l)l-li5-"The People's 
Meeting"— The Meeting of April Sii — 
The Home Guards— The Jackson Grays 
— Lovalty of the Ladies-- Military 
Officers— Regiments Represcnteil by Bea- 
ver County Men— Roster ofTroops. "n-^-i^n 


cation and Origin -Laying out of the 
Town in I7!t3— Owners of Outlots— Sale of 




Lot.^ in IsiH) -Saiiiiii-I .loliiiston — Bra\iT 
>ra<k' the t'oiint,\' Si'iil Incorinn-atiun 
I tn roll -ill AdminstraliiMi Iliisiuoss I 'oicli- 
tioii in IfCiT—Kihicatioii—Liaiiks — Water 
Works — Ceinetcrit'S — Secret Societies— 
Cluirclies— Public Schools— Postmasters— 
I'opulation 37-1-40:! 

CMAPTEUXV.— Bkaver Falls HoKDUiiH. 
Location and Importance— General liroad- 
licad's I.anilcil Interest— Clianse of Name 
— Itiisinrss Coniiition in 1841— OUl Brigh- 
ton Laid nut— liiCOrporatiou- Postmas- 
ters — Education — Churches— Societies — 
Manutacturing— Banks, etc.— Street Kail- 
w a.v 4M-442 

CHAPTER XVL-New Brighton Bor- 
()Ui!H.— Location — Early History— Bank 
of the Unitcil States— Business Condition 
in ISiT— Building Operations— Education- 
Incorporation — Postmasters— Societies — 
Mainifaeturing- Banks— Water Works- 
Churches 443-168 

CHAPTER XVII.-Fallston Borough.— 
Location -Early Indian Trials- The First 
Settler— Location of the Townsends— 
JIaniifaclurers -Education— Postmasters 

- Ini;o rpo ration 471-475 

CHA1>TEI!X\1 II. -KoiHEsTER Borough. 

— Location -- Railroad Facilities — Early 
Names-Harris' r)eseri|ition of P'airport- 
Im-ornoi-ation — Busines.s in 1841— Boat 
Ituildiiiu- Early Citizens- Manufacturing 
and Business -•Vetivity— Hotels— Banks- 
lias Companies — Cemeteries — Orphans' 
Home— Public Schools- Borough OHicials 
—Postmasters— Churches— Societies.. . .47fi-5U2 

CH-\PTEB XIX. — Bridgewater Bor- 
ough. — Location — Origin of Sharon - 
Maior Kohert Darragh — Aaron Uurr's 
lioat Building -Sharon in 1837— In 1841 — 
Incori-ioration of Bridgewater — La.ving 
Out of tlie Town— Beaver Pouit— Bridge- 
water in 1841— Manufacturers - Hotels— 
Schools— Societies— Churches .503-513 

CHAPTER XX. — PHiLLii'.siiURG Bou- 
OUGH.— Location— Site Sold to Count de 
Leon -Named New Philadcipliia -Disso- 
lution of the Society- Incnrporafion — 
llusiness Condition in 1841 Soldiers' Or- 
phan ScluJol- Manufactures — Societies — 
Churches — Schools- Postmjisters — Popu- 
lation 514-525 

cll.VI"ri)U .V.XI. BoRuuGHSoK Freedom, 
ST- Clair -vnd Baden.— Frtri/niyi— Loca- 
tion— Founding of the Town— Boat Build- 
ing — Tncoriioration — Condition in 1841— 
Present Business Interest's- Postma.stei-s 

— Education — Societies — Churches — .S7. 
Clair -Location — Incorporation - -Postof- 
flce — Church — Baden — Lf)cation— Desta'ip- 
tion—Postofflce— School and Churches , 526-533 

CHAPTER XXII.— Boroughs of Dar- 
lington AND Glasgow.— /)ar(iny(im— 
Location--Settlement— Laying out ot the 
Town Derivalionof Name llusiness In- 
terests-Incorporation I'ostotlice and 
Postmasters Oreersburg Acailemy- So- 
cietit-s -Churches (ila.-<f!<iir Location — 
Laying out ol the Town (irtirge Dawson 
—First Houses— lueorijoration. etc. — 
Schools and Churches— Societies— Mis- 
cellaneous 534-549 

CHAPTER XXIIL— South Side Town- 
ships. — Origin of Beaver County— Erec- 
tion of Townships— Hanover Township- 
Frankfort Springs- Harsha\ille— Kendall 

— Greene Ti^wnship — Georgetown- 
Hookstown — Mill Creek I'resbyterian 
Church— Raccoon Township—" Eudolpha 
Hall"— Moon Township — Hopewell Town- 
ship-Independence Township 550-578 

CHAPTER XXIV.-West Side Town- 
ships.— Brighton Township — Tiorough 
Township — Vanporl— Industry Township 
—Village of Industr.v— Ohio Township- 
Smith's Ferry— South Beaver Township— 
Chippewa Township — Patterson Town- 
ship—Big Beaver Township— Homewood 
New Galilee Borough— Darlington Town- 
ship—White Township 579-592 

CHAPTER XXV.— East Side Townships. 
—Economy Township— Harmony Town- 
ship— Legionville— New Sewicklcy Town- 
ship— Pula,ski Town.ship— North .■'ewick- 
ley Township— Marion Township- Frank- 
lin Township 593-1108 

CHAPTER XXVI.— Biographies. -Tl' 

Side 609-745 

CHAPTER XXVII.— Biographies.— £ 

Side 7-15-823 


South Side 824-90S 


.Mtorneys Admitted, 1804 IW 

Phillipsburgh Soldiers' Orphan School .510 and 89S 

Beaver Natural History Museum •">80 





' Aguew, Daniel +"> 

Bradfoni, B. R li^Jil 

Buchanan, John M 2811 

I Buchanan, Joseph K H!) 

Chamberlin, B. B 10!) 

• Cooper, H 399 

' Cunningham, J. H 379 

Dravo, John F 379 

Elder, Matthew 36!) 

Emerson, J. E 33!) 

Kry,H. C 429 

fMlliland, William, Sr 469 

Harbison, Robert 479 

Harrah, J. R 389 

■ Harrold, Simon 571 

' Hartman, H W 329 

Henry, William 309 

hetchie, Tobias 499 

Hice, Henry 16!) 

Hoopes, Edward 139 

Hurst, A. C 349 

■ Jolly, A. J 359 

■Jolly,A.M sm 

.Tolly, J. K .opposite 604 

Keitl'er, Jacob 489 



' Lacock, Abner. ... 

- Lacock, A, P 

' Lawrence, Milton 

'Littell, J. S 

• Mansfield, I. F 

- Marks, James 41!) 

^ Marijuis, D. S ..439 

■ Myer.s,H. M 249 

Nicholson, Thomas 189 

' Quay, M. S 119 

Reeves, H.T 139 

■-Rose, Walter A 459 

'•Scott, John .339 

Shall. iih.-i-er.W. S 369 

Speiui', Ivhvard 517 

Stuwe, Edwin H 179 

■- Strobridge, Turner 44!) 

' Taylor, W. G 299 

'- Thomson, A. R 19!) 

Townsend, R 31!) 

Wallace, Joseph 2m 

' Whan, Wiliiam opposite 5SS 

Wilson, S. li 6:i 

■- Wisener Mark, Sr i>fi3 


Outline Map of Beaver County 9 

View of Fort Mcintosh 82 


$POE P.O. 



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18ft (I 


FiEST Setti.ers aloni; the Dei.awake — William Penn — IIis Eakly 
DiFFicuLTiES — Dissensions in the Colony — Penn's Second Visit 
TO the Province — Accession of Goveknok Keith — French and 
Indian Wak — Feanklin's Mission to England — The Boundaev 
LiNE — Struggle for Independence — Convention of 1787 ^Con- 
stitution OF 1790 — Whisky Insurrection — Stone Coal — Con- 
vention of 1837 — Pennsylvania in the Wae of the Eebellion. 

THE region •which is now known as Pennsylvania Avas, prior to the 
coming of Europeans, a vast forest, inhabited by its native Indians. 
The uncertain traditions which tliese people have preserved of them- 
selves have often been recorded, and tlieir sad history since the advent 
of the wliite man, who practically assumed that the}' liad no rights 
which Christians were l)ound to respect, is well known. 

Early in the seventeentli century the region watered by the Dela- 
ware river was visitetl b\' Dutch traders. Such was their success that 
posts were established and trade was kept up during some years. They 
did 7iot seek to establish colonies for the cultivation of the soil, but 
limited themselves to the profitable exchange of commodities with the 

They were followed by the Swedes, who established settlements 
along the river, and brought hither the habits of industry and thrift 
in which they had been reared at home. Between the Swedes and the 
Dutch arose conflicts of authority and hostilities which finally resulted 
in the subjugation of the former. Tiie Dutch were in turn dispossessed 
by the diplomacy and arms of the aggressive English, who became 
masters of tlie territory along the Delaware in 1664. 

William Penn became a trustee, and finally a part owner, of West 
jSTew Jersey, which was colonized by Quakers in 1675. To his father, 
Admiral Penn, was due, at his death, the sum of sixteen thousand 
pounds, for services rendered the English government. The son 
petitioned to Charles II. to grant him, in licjuidatiou of this debt, a 



tract of land in Aiiicfica, lyiiiy iiortli of Maryland, bouiuled east by 
the Delaware river, on the west limited as Maryland, and nortlnvaril 
to extend as far as i)lantal)le. 

The eliarter of King Charles II. was dated A])im1 2, It'iSl, and other 
grants to lands sonth from the territoi'v originally conveyed were })ro- 
cured in ItiSi. Not being in readiness to go to hisi>rovince during the 
first year, he dispatched three ship-loads of settlers, and with them 
sent his cousin, "William Markhani, to take formal possession of the 
country' and act as de]iuty-governor. It is hardly necessary to say that 
these settlers were of the then pi'oscribed sect of Quakers. 

Having made the necessary preparations and settled his affairs in 
England, Penn embarked on the shij) "Welcome," in August, 1(182, 
in company with a hundred planters, and set his prow toward the new 
world. He arrived at New Castle in October, and on the site of Phil- 
adelphia in November of that year. 

The arrival of Markham and Penn, with their colonists, on the 
west bank of the Delawai'e was the inauguration of a new regime 
there; that of the people who had never before enjoyed such a measure 
of self government. 

By reason of ignorance of the geography of this country the 
language of royal grants was often ambiguous, and sometimes the 
descriptions covered tei'ritory that had been pi'eviously granted. 
Conflicts of claims then arose that were sometimes ditiicult of settle- 
ment. Soon after his arrival Penn learned of such a conflict in the 
claims of himself and Lord Baltimore, ami he visited the latter to 
adjust the matter if possible. In this he was not successful. Subse- 
quent attempts to negotiate also failed, and finally Penn proposed to 
pay Lord Baltimore for territory which he had already jnirchased from 
the crown. This Lord Baltimore refused, and soon afterward made 
forcible entry on the lands claimed, and drove off those who had ])ur- 
chased from Penn. The latter also learned that secret and ex-parte 
representations of the case had been made to the lords of the com- 
mittee of plantations in England, and he decided to return and defend 
his imperiled interests. 

He accordingly empowered the provincial council, of. which 
Thomas Lloyd was |)resident, to act in his stead; commissioned 
Nicholas Moore, Wilham Welch, William Wood, Kobert Turner and 
John Eckley provincial judges for two years; appointed Thomas Lloyd, 
James Claypole and Robert Turner to sign land patents and warrants, 
and William Clark as justice of the peace for all the counties, and on 


the fith of June, liiS-t, sailed fur Englaiul, u'here his efforts were suc- 
cessful, though the houn(hii-y Hue was not definitely fixed till 176(3. 

In his absence the affairs of his province exhibitetl the great need 
of his strong guiding hand to check abuses and direct the course of 
legislation in ])r()iier channels. 

lie had labored to ])lace the government in the fjands of the 
]ieople, an idea most attractive in the alistract, and one which, were 
the entire ]io]iulati(>n wise and just, would result fortunately; yet, in 
practice, he found to his sorrow the results most vexatious. The pro- 
prietor had not long been g(jne before troubles arose between the two 
houses of the legislature relative to promulgating the laws as not being 
in accordance with the reijuirements of the charter. Nicholas Moore» 
the cliief justice, was impeached for irregularities in im[)osing fines and 
in other ways abusing his high trust. But though formally arraigned 
and directed to desist from exercising his functions, he successfully 
resisted the proceedings, and a final judgment was never obtained. 
Patrick Robinson, clerk of the court, for refusing to produce the 
records in the trial of Moore, was voted a jniblic enemy. These 
troubles in the government were the occasion of much grief to Penn, 
who wrote, naming a number of the most influential men in the 
colony, and beseeching them to unite in an endeavor to check further 
irregularities, declaring that they disgraced the province, "that their 
conduct had struck Imck hundreds, and was ten thousand jiounds out 
of his way, and one hundred thousand pounds out of the counti'v." 

In the latter part of the year 168G, seeing that the whole council 
was too unwieldy a body to exercise executive power, Penn determined 
to contract the nunilter, and accordingly appointed Thomas Lloyd, 
Nicholas Moore, James Clay pole, Robert Turner and John Eckley, 
any three of whom should constitute a quorum, to be commissioners 
of state to act for the proprietor. In place of Moore and Claypole, 
Arthur Cook and Jolm Simcock were ajijiointed. They were to com- 
pel the attendance of the council; see that tlie two houses admit of no 
parley; to abrogate all laws except the fundamentals; to dismiss the 
assembly and call anew one; and finally he solemnly admonishes them: 
"Be most just, as in the sight of the all-seeing, all-searching God." In 
a letter to these commissioners, he says : " Three things occur to me 
eminently: First that you be watchful that none abuse the king, etc.; 
secondly, that you get the custom act revived as being the equalest 
and least offensive way to support the government ; thirdly, that you 
retrieve the dignity of courts and sessions." 


Thomas Lloyd acted as president of tlie council aftci' the depai'- 
ture of Tenn. At his own recjuest he was relieved, and Samuel Car- 
penter was appointed in his jilace, with Thomas Ellis as alternate. 

July 27, 1688, Fenn commissioned Jt>hn Tjlackwell, who was at 
that time in New England, and who possessed his esteem and con- 
fidence, to l)e lieutenant-governor. 

With the commission, the proprietor sent full instructions, chiefly 
by way of caution, the last one being: "Rule the meek meekly ; and 
those that will not be ruled, rule with authority." Though Lloyd had 
been relieved of power, he still remained in the council, probably 
because neithei' of the persons designated was willing to serve. ILiving 
seen the evils of a many-headed executive, he had recommended the 
appointment of one person to exercise executive authority. It was in 
conformity with this advice that Blackwell was appointed. He met 
the assembly in March, 1689; but either his conceptions of business 
were arbitrary and imperious, or the assembly had become accustomed 
to great latitude and lax discipline; for the business had not proceeded 
far before the several branches of the government were at variance. 
Lloyd refused to give up the great seal, alleging that it had been given 
liim for life. The governor, arbitrarily and without warrant of law, 
impi'isoned officers of high rank, denied the validity of all laws passed 
by the assembly previous to his administration, and set on foot a pro- 
ject for organizing and equipping the militia, under the plea of 
threatened hostility of France. The assembly atteni])ted to arrest his 
ju'oceedings, but he shrewdly evaded |heir intents i)y organizing a 
party among the memljers, who persistently absented themselves. His 
reign was short, for in Jannaiy, IGOO, he left the colony and sailed 
away for England, whereupon the government again devolved upon 
the council, Thomas Lloyd, president. Penn had a high estimation of 
the talents and integrity of Blackwell, and adds, '" He is in England 
and Ireland of great repute for ability, integrity and virtue." 

Penn's favor at court during the reign of James II. caused him to 
be susi)ected of disloyalty to the government when "William and Mary 
had come to the throne. He was three times arraigned before the 
lords of the council, but^ was each time acquitted. He organized a 
large })arty of settlers for his colony, but a great accusation comj)eIk'd 
him to abandon the vo^'age, and induced him to go into i-etirement for 
two or three years. 

His personal grievances in England were the least which he suf- 
fered. For lack of guiding influence, bitter dissensions had sprung up 


in his colony, wlm-h threatened thelnss of all Desinng to secure 
peace he had commissioned Thomas Lloyd, deputy-governor ot the 
province, and William ^[arkham, deputy-governor of the lower counties. 
Penns o-rief on account of tliis division is disclosed m a letter to a 
friend in the province : " I left it to them to choose either the govern- 
ment of the council, five commissi..ners or a deputy. What could be 
tenderer « Now I perceive Thomas Llovd is chosen by the three upper, 
but not the three lower counties, and sitsdnwn with tliis broken choice 
This has grieved and wounded me and mine, I fear to the hazard ot 
all! - * * for else the governor of New York IS like to have all, 

if he has it not already." , . 

But the troul)lesof Penn in America were not conhned to civU 
affairs His religious society Avas torn with dissension. George Keith, 
a man of considerable power in argumentation, but of over-weaning 
self-conceit, attacked the Friends for the laxity of their discipline, and 
drew off some followers. So venomous did he liecome that on the tOth 
of April, l<i!»2, a testimony of denial was drawn up against liim at a 
meeting <.f ministers, wherein he and his conduct were publicly dis^ 
owned. This was confirmed at the next yearly meeting. lie drew off 
laro-e numbers and set up an independent society, who termed them- 
selves Christian (,)uakers. Keith appealed from this action of the 
\merican church to the vearlv meeting in London, but was so intem- 
perate in speech that the action of the American church was con- 
firmed. ^ 

Penn was silenced and thrown into retirement in Lughuid. ft can 
be readily seen what an excellent opportunity these troubles in America, 
the separation in the government, and the schism in the church gave 
his enemies to attack him. They repi^.'sented that he had neglected 
his coUmv bv remaining in England and meddling with matters in which 

he had no business; that the colony in consequence had iallen into 
o-reat disorder, and that he should be deprived of his proprietary rights. 
These complaints had so much weight witli William and Mary, that, on 
the 21st of October, 1692, thev commissioned Benjamin Fletcher, gov- 
ernor of New York, to take the province and territories under his gov- 
ernment. There was another motive operating at tliis time, more potent 
than those mentioned above, to induce the king and queen to P^t the 
government of Pennsylvania under the governor of New 1 ork. The 
French and Indians 'from the north were threatening the English. 
Already the expense for defense had become burdensome to New 
York. ■ It was believed that to ask aid f<n- the common defense trom 

16 IllSldla dl' IIEAVKK ('(ilNTV. 

Ponn, with Jiis peace [)i'inci|)le.s, would he IVuitless, l)ut tliat tlirougli 
the inrtiience of Governor Fletcher, as executive, au apjiropiMation 
might be secured. 

Through the kind offices of Lords Tlochester, I\anelagli, Sidney and 
Soniers, the Duke of Buckingham and Sii- John Trenciiard, the king- 
was asked to hear the case of William Penn, against whom no charge 
was proven, and who would two years before have gone to his colony 
liad he not su|)posed tiiat he would have been thought togoindeliance 
of the government. Iving AVilliniu iinswercd th;it ^Vllli;lnl Penn was 
his old acquaintance as well as theirs, that he might follow his busi- 
ness as freely as ever, and that he had nothing to say to him. Penn 
was accordingly icinstated in his government l)y letters patent dated 
on the 20th of August, ltj'.t4. whereupon he commissioned William 
Mark ham lieutenant-govei'uor. 

Free from harassing persecutions at last, and in favor at court, 
Penn determined to remove with his family to Pennsylvania, and now 
with the expectation of living and dying here. Accordingly in July, 
1699, he set sail, and, on account of adverse winds, was thi'ee months 
tossed about u])on the ocean. Great joy was everywhere manifested 
throughout the [)rovince at the arrival of the proprietor and his faniily, 
fondly believing that he had now come to stay. He met the assemblj^ 
soon after landing, but, it being an inclement season, he imly detained 
them long enough to pass two measures aimed against piracy and illicit 
trade, exaggerated reports of which, having been s])read broadcast 
through the kingdom, had caused him great uneasiness and vexation. 

In February, 1701, he met the most renowned and ]iowerful of 
the Indians chieftains, from the Potomac to the Onondagas of the 
Five Nations, and entered into a formal treaty of active fi'iendship 
with them. 

Several sessions of the legislature were heUl in whii-h great har- 
mony prevailed, and much attention was given to revising and recom- 
])osing the constitution. l!ut in the midst of their labors for the 
improvement of the organic law, intelligence was brought to Penn 
that a bill iiad been introduced in the House of Lords for reducing all 
the pi'oprietarv governments in America to regal ones, under pretense 
of advancing the prerogative of the crown, and the national advantage. 
Such of the owners of land in Pennsylvania as happened to be in 
England i-emonstrated against action u]!on the bill until Penn could 
return and be heard, and wrote to him urging his immediate coming 
hither. Though much to his disappointment and sorrow, he determined 


to go immediatelv thither. lie promptly called a session of the 
assL^nblv, ami in his message to the two houses said, "* * " review 
ao'ain your laws, propose new ones, and you will lind me ready to 
complv with whatsoever may render us happy, l)y a nearer union 
of our interests." The assembly i-eturned a suitable resj.onse, and 
then proceeded to draw up twenty -one articles. The first related 
to the appointment of a lieutenant-goverimr. I'enn proposed that 
the assembly should choose one. But this they declined, i.reterrnig 
that he should api^oint one. Little troulile was experienced in settling 
everything broached, e.xcept the union of the province and lower 
counties. Tenn used his best endeavors to reconcile them to the 
union, but without avail. The new constitution was adopted on the 
2Sth of October, 17nl. The instrument provided for the union, but 
hi a supplementary article, evidently granted with great reluctance, it 
was provided that" the province and the territories might be separated 
at any time within three years. As his last act before leaving, he pre- 
sented the city of Philadelphia, now grown to be a considei'able place, 
and always an object of his affectionate regard, Avith a charter of 
privileges." As his deputy, he appointed Andrew Hamilton, one of the 
pr..i)rietors of East New" Jersey, and sometime governor of both East 
and West Jersey ; and for secretary of the province and clerk of the 
council, he selected James Logan, a man of singular urbanity and 
strength of mind, and withal a scholar. 

Penn set sail for Europe on the 1st of Noyeml)er, l.Ul. Soon 
after his arrival, on the ISth of January, 1702, King William died, and 
Anne of Denmark succeeded him. 

Governor Hamilton's administration continued only till Decem- 
ber, 1702, when he died. He was earnest in his endeavors to induce 
the' territories to unitc^ with the proviiuH-, they having as yet not 
accepted the new charter, alleging that they had three years in which 
to make their decision, but without success. He also organized a mdi- 
tary force, of which George Lowtlier was commander, for the safety 

of the colony. 

The executive authority now devolved upon the council, of which 
Edward Shippen was president. Oontlict of authority, and contention 
over the due interpretation of some provisions of the new charter, 
prevented the accomi)lisliment of much, by way of legislation, in the 
assembly which convened in 17i»:'.; though in this body it was finally 
determined that the lower ccmnties should thereafter act separately m 
a legislative capacity. The separation proved final, the two bodies 

never again meeting in common. 


Tlioiigh the l)ill to govern tlie American colonies by regal autlior- 
Jty failed, yet the clamor of tiiose opposed to the in-oin-ietarv gover- 
nors was so strong, that an act was tinallv i)assed requiring the 
selection of deputies to have the royal assent. Hence, in choo^ng a 
successor to Hamilton, he was obliged to consider the queen's wishes. 
John Evans, a man of'ts, of Welsh extraction, only twenty-si.\ 
years old, a member of the queen's household, and not a Quaker, nor 
even of exemplary morals, was appointed, who arrived in the colony 
in December, 1703. He was accompanied by William Penn, Jr., who 
was elected a member of tlie council, the nuniber having been increased 
by authority of the governor, probably with a, view to his election. 

The first care of Evans was to unite the province and lower coun- 
ties, though the final separation had been agreetl to. He presented 
the matter so well that the lower counties, from which the dilticulty 
had always come, were willing to return to a firm union. ]!ut now 
the provincial assembly, having l)ecome impatient of the obstacles 
thrown in the way of legislation by the delegates from these counties, 
was unwilling to receive them. They henceforward remained sepai-ate 
in a legislative capacity, though still a ].art of Pennsylvania, under the 
claim of Penn, and ruled by the same governor, and thus thev con- 
tinued until the 20th of September, 177(!, when a constitution was 
adopted, and they were proclaimetl a sei)arate state under the name of 
Delaware. During two years of the government of Evans, there was 
ceaseless discord between the council, headed by the governor and Sec- 
retary Logan on the one side, and the assembly led by David Lloyd, 
its speaker, on the other, and little legislation was efi'ected. 

In conjunction with the legislature of the lower counties, Evans 
was instrumental in having a law i^assed for the imposition of a tax on 
the tonnage of the river, and the erection of a fort near the town of 
New Castle for compeUing obedience. This was in direct violation of 
the fundamental compact, and vexatious to commerce. It was at length 
forcibly resisted, and its imposition abandoned. His administration 
was anything but efficient or peaceful, a series of contentions, of 
charges and counter-charges, havipg been kept up between the leaders 
of the two factions, Lloyd and Logan, which he was powerless to 
propei-ly direct or control. lie was reheved in 1709. 

The experience with Governor Evans led the proprietoi' to select a 
more sedate character in his successor. After considering the candi- 
dature of his son for a time the founder finally selected Charles Gookin, 
who was reputed to be a man of wisdom and prudence, though, as was 



afterward learned to the sorrow of the colony, he was subject to fits 
of derangement, which toward the close of his tei-m were exhibited in 
the inost extravagant acts lie had scarcely arrived in the colony 
before charges were prepared against the late governor, and he was 
asked to institute criminal proceedings, which he declined. This was the 
occasion of a renewal of contentions between the governor and his 
council and the assembly, which continued during the greater ])art of 
his administration. In the midst of them, Logan, who was at the 
head of the council, having demanded a trial of the charges against 
him, and failed to secure one, sailed for Europe, where he presented 
the difficulties experienced in administering the government so strongly, 
that renii was seriously inclined to sell his interest in the colony. He 
had already greatly crippled his estate by expenses he had incurred 
in making costly presents to the natives, and in settling his colony, for 
which he had received small return. In the year 1707, he liad become 
involved in a suit in cliancery with the executors. of his former steward, 
in the course of which he was confined in the Old Bailey during this 
and a part of tiic following year, when he was obliged to mortgage 
his colony in the sum of £6.600 to relieve himself. Foreseeing 
the great consequence it would be to the crown to buy the rights 
of the ])roprietors of the several English colonies in America before 
they would grow too powerful, negotiations had been entered into early 
in the reign of William and Mary for their purchase, especially the 
'•fine province of Mr. Penn." Borne down by these troubles and by 
debts and litigations at home, Penn seriously entertained the proposi- 
tion to sell in 1712, and offered it for ,-£20.(KJU. The sum of £'12,000 
was offered on the part of the crown, wiiich was agreed upon, but 
before the necessary papers were executed, he Avas stricken down with 
apoplexy, by which he was incapacitated for transacting any business, 
and a stay was put to further proceedings until tiie cpieen should order 
an act of parliament for consummating the purchase. 

A year before the death of Penn, the lunacy of Governor Gookin 
having become troublesome, he was succeeded in the government by 
Sir AVilliam Keith, a Scotchman, who hatl served as surveyor of cus- 
toms to the English government, in which capacity he had visited 
Pennsylvania previously, and knew something of its condition. He 
was a man of dignifietl and commanding bearing, endowed with cun- 
ning, of an accommotlating policy, full of faithful promises, and usually 
founil upon the stronger side. Hence, upon his arrival in the colony, 
he did not summon the assemblv immediate! v, assigning as a reason in 



Ins first niessao-e that lie did not vvisli to inconvenience tl,e countrv 
members by culling- them in harvest time. The disposition tlms mani- 
tested to favor the people, and his advocacy of pop.dar .'i-vhts on sev- 
eral occasions in opposition to the claims of the i)ropri..toi°oave -reat 
satisfaction to the i)o])ular branch of the legislature, which manifested 
Its appreciation of his conduct by voting hi,n liberal salaries, which 
luid often been withheld from his less accommodating predecessors. 
By his artful and insinuating policy, he in.luced the assembly to pass 
two acts which hail previously met with uncompromising opposition — 
one to estabhsii a court of equity, with himself as chancellor, the want 
ot which had been seriously felt; and another for organizino- the 
mi itia Though the soil was fruitful an.l produce was plentiful, vet, for 
ack of good markets, and on account of the meagerness of the circu- 
ating medium, prices were very low, the toil ami sweat of the hus- 
bandman being little rewarded, and the taxes and payments on land 
Avere met with great difficulty. Accordinglv. arrangements were 
made for the api.ointment of inspectors of provisions, who from a 
conscientious discharge of duty, sooncaused the Pennsylvania brands 
ot .est i)rodnctsto be much sought for, and to command ready sale at 
liiglicst prices in the West Indies, whither most of the surplus'produce 
Mas exported. A provision was also made for the issue of a limited 
<""Munt of paper money, on the establishment of ample securities 
which tended to raise the yalue of the products of the s.^il and of 
manufactures, and encourage industry. 

Though Governor Keith, during the earl v part of his term inir- 
-sued a pacific policy, yet the interminable quarrels which had been 
kept up between the assembly and council during ].revious administra- 
tions, at length broke out with more virulence than ever, and he who 
in the first flush of power had declared '■ that he should pass no laws 
nor transact anytiiing of moment relating to the public affairs, with- 
out the advice and approbation of tUe council," took it upon himself 
Ijnally to act in.lependently of the council, and even went so far as to 
<Iisniissthe able and trust,.! representative of the proprietary interests, 
James Logan, president of the council and secretary of th^ pr.n'ince 
from the duties of his high office, and even refused the request of 
Hannah Penn. the real governor of the province, to re-instate him. 
Ihis unwarrantable conduct cost him his dismissal from office in July 

ri)on the recommendation of Springett Penn. who was now the 
prospective heir to Pennsylvania, Patrick Gordon was aj-pointed and 



coiitiniiea lientenant-govcrnor in place of Keith, and arrived m the 
colon V an.l assumed authority in July, 1726. He had served in the 
arniv', and in his tirst adtlress to the assembly, which he met in August, 
he said that as he had l>een a, soldier, he knew nothing of the crooked 
ways of professed i)oliticians, and must I'ely on a straightforward 
manner of transacting tiie duties devolving upon him. George 1. died 
in June, 1727, and the assembly at its meeting in October prepared 
and forwarded a congratulatory address to his successor. George II. 
By the decision of the court in chancery in 1727, Hannah Penn's 
authoritv over the colony was at an end. the ]n-oprietary interest 
having descended to John, IJichard and Thomas Penn, the only sur- 
viving^ sons of William Penn, Sr. This period, from the death of 
Penn°in 1718, to 1727, one of the most prosperous in the history of the 
colony, was familiarly known as the " Reign of Hannah and theP.oys." 
In 17.32 Thomas Penn, the youngest son, and two years later, John 
Penn, the eldest, and the only American born, arrived in the ])rovince, 
and were received with every mark of respect and satisfaction. 8oon 
after the arrival of the latter, news was brought that Lord Baltimore 
had made application to have the provinces transferred to his colony. 
A vigorous ju-otest was nuide against this by Quakers m England, 
headed bv Itichard Penn; but lest this protest might prove inetfectual, 
John Penn very soon went to England to defend the proprietary rights 
at court, and never again rctui-ned, he having died a bachelor in 1716. 
In Amnist, r7S(i, Governor (iordou died, deejdy lamented as an honest, 
uprigld. and straightforwaril executive, a character which he expressed 
the hope he would be able to maintain when he assumed authority. 
His term had been one of prosperity, and the colony had grown rap- 
idly in nundjers, trade, commerce and nuinufactures, ship-buildmg 
especially having assumed extensive proportions. 

James Logan was president of the council, and in effect governor 
during the two years which elapsed between the death of Goi'doii ami 
the arrival of his successor. During this period troubles broke out on 
the Maryland border, west of the Sus(iuehanna. The <piestion of 
boundar'v was involved in these ditticulties, but the troubles were (pielled 
bv an order of the king and council. 

George Thomas, a ])lanter from the West Indies, was ajipointed 
Governor in 1737, but did not arrive in the colony till the following year. 
His intercourse with the assembly was not at tirst harmonious, but 
became more so on his relinquishment of the coercive policy which 
he at first a(lo])ted. After the death of John Penn, the eldest of the 


proprietors, he retired from the duties of his office because of declin- 
ing healtli. 

Anthony Pahiiei' was ])resi(leiit of the c(.uncil at the time of the 
withdrawal of Tiiomns, and became acting-governor. He continued at 
the head of the government about two veai's. He was a wealthy 
retired merchant from the West Indies, and had come into the colony 

in 170S. -^ 

On the 28(1 of November, 1748, James Hamilton arrived in the 
colony fi-om England, bearing the commission of lieutenant-governor. 
He was born in America, son of Andrew Hamilton, who had lor many 
years been speaker of the assembly. The Indians west of the Susque- 
hanna had complained that settlers had come u])on their best lands, and 
were ac(piiring titles to them, whereas the proprietors had never pur- 
chased these lands of them and had no claim to them. The first care of 
Hamilton was to settle these disputes, and allavtlie rising excitement of 
the natives. Eichard Peters, secretary of the colony, a man of great pru- 
dence and ability, was sentin company with the Indian inter])reter, Con- 
rad Weiser, to remove the intruders. It was firmh- and fearlessly done 
the settlers giving up their tracts and the cabins \vhicli they had built' 
and accepting lands on the east side of the river. The haVdship \xns, 
mmany cases, great, but when thev were in actual need the secretary 
gave money and placed them on lands of his own, having secured a 
tract of two millions of acres. 

But these trouijles were of small consequence compared with those 
that were threatening from the The French were determined to 
occupy the whole territory drained by the Mississippi, including that 
on tlie Ohio, by force of arms, and a body of one hundred and fifty men, 
of which Washington was second in command, was sent to the suj.port 
of the settlers there; but the French having the Allegheny river at 
flootl-tide on which to move, and Washington, without means of trans- 
portation, having a rugged and mountainous country to overcome, the 
former first reached the pointof destination. Oonti'acoeur, tiie French 
c.mmamler, with 1,UU0 men and field jiieces on a fleet of si.xty boats 
and 300 canoes, dropped down the Allegheny and easily seized the fort 
then being constructed by the Ohio Company at its moutli, and pro- 
ceeded to erect there an elaborate work which he called Fort Du (,)uesne 
after the governor-general. Informed of this ])roceeding, Wash'inoton 
pushed forward, and finding that a detachment of the French wa°s in 
his immediate neighborhood, he made a forced march by night, and 
coming upon them unawares killed and captured the entire party' save 



one. Ten of the French, including their connnander, Jmnonville, were 
kdled, a-:d twent^^-one made prisoners. Col. Fry, the commander of 
the Americans, died at Will's Creek, where the command devolved on 
Wasliington. Though reinforcements had been dispatched from the 
several colonies in response to the urgent appeals of Washington, none 
reaclKMl him but one company of 100 men under Cajrt. Mackay from 
South Carolina. Knowing that he war. confronting a vastly superior 
force of the French, well supplied with artillery, he threw up works at 
a noint called the Great Meadows, whicli he characterizes as a"charm- 
ino- field for an encounter," naming his hastily built fortification Fort 
Necessitv. Stung by the loss of their leader, the French came out in 
strong force and soon invested the place. Unfortunately one part of 
Was lington's position was easily commanded by the artillery of the 
French, which they were not slow in taking advantage of. The action 
opened on the 3d of July, and was continued until late at night. A 
capitulation was proposed by the French commander, which Washing- 
ton reluctantly accepted, seeing all hopes of reenforcements reaching 
him cut off, and on the 4th of July marched out with the honors of war, 
and fell back to Fort Cumberland. 

Governor Hamilton had strongly recommended, before hostilities 
opened, that the assembly should provide for defense and establish a 
line of blockJiouses along the frontier. But the assembly, while will- 
ing to vote money for buying peace from the Indians, and contrilni- 
tions to the British crown, from which ]n-otection was claimed, was 
unwilling to contribute directly for even defensive warfare. In a 
single year £8,000 were voted tro Indian gratuities. The proprietors 
wei-e appealed to to aid in bearing this burden. But, while they were 
willing to contribute liberally for defense, they would give nothing for 
Indian gratuities. They sent to the colony cannons to the value of 

In Feln-uary 175?.,. John Penn, grandson of the founder, son of 
Richard, arrived in the colony, and as a mark of res])ect was immedi- 
ately chosen a member of the council, and made its president. In con- 
sequence of the defeat of Washington at Fort Necessity, Governor 
Hamilton convened the assembly in extra session on tlie Oth of August, 
at which money was freely voteil ; but owing to tlie instructions given 
by the proprietors to their deinity -governor not to sign any money bill 
that did not place the whole of the interest at tlieir disjjosal, the action 
of the assembly was abortive. 

Fiiuling himself in a false position by the repugnant instructions 

2i nisroRY of beaver coctntt. 

of the proprietors, Governor Haniiltoii liad uivcn notice in 1753, that 
at the end of twelve niontiis from its reception, lie would resign. 
Accordingly, in October, 1754-, he was succeeded b}^ Robert Hunter 
Morris, son of Lewis Morris, chief justice of New York and New 
Jersey, and governor of New Jersey. Tiie son was bred a lawyer, and 
was for twenty-si.x years a counselloi-, and, for twenty, chief justice of 
New Jerse}'. The assembly, at its first session, voted a money bill for 
£4:0,000, but not having the prtjviso recpiired by the propi'ietors, 
it was vetoed. Determined to push military operations, the IJrit- 
ish o-Qvernment had called earlv in the vear foi' tlii'ee thousand vol- 
unteers from I'ennsylvania, with subsistence, camp e(|uipage and 
transportation, and had sent two regiments of the line, under General 
Eraddock, from Cork, Ii'eland. Landing at Alexandria, Ya., he 
marched to Frederick, Mtl., where, finding no su|tplies of trans])orta- 
tion, he halted. The assembl\' of Pennsylvania had voted to l)orrow 
£5,000, on its own account, for the use of the crown in j)rosecuting 
the campaign, and had sent Franklin, who was then postmaster- 
general for the colonies, to Braddock to aid in prosecuting the expe- 
dition. Finding that the army was stopped for lack of transjiortation, 
Franklin returned into Penns^dvania, and by his commanding influ- 
ence, soon secured the necessary wagons and beasts of burden. 

Braddock had formed extravagant plans for his campaign. He 
would march forward and reduce Fort Du Quesne, thence proceed 
against Fort Niagara, which, having conquered, he would close a 
season of triumphs by the capture of Fort Frontignac. But this is 
not the first time in warfare that the result of a campaign has failed 
to realize the ))romises of the manifesto. Accustomed to the disci])line 
of military establishments in old, long-settled countries, Bi-addock had 
little conception of making war in a wilderness with only Indian trails 
to move upon, and against wily savages. Washington had advised to 
push forwartl witii pack-horses, and l)y raj>idity of movement forestall 
ample preparation. But Braddock had but one way of soldiering, and 
where roads did not exist for wagons he stopped to fell theforest and con- 
struct bridges over streams. The French, who were kej)t ad vised of every 
movement, made ample preparations to receive him. In the meantime 
Washington fell sick ; but intent on being up for the battle, he hastened 
forward as soon as sufficiently recovered, and only joined the army on 
the day before the fatal engagement. He had never seen much of the 
pomp and circumstance of war. and, when on the morning of the 9th 
of July, the army of Braddock marched on across the Monongahela, 


with ""iv colors Hvino- aiid iiiartiaJ music awakcniiiii' the echoes of the 
forest, he was accustomed in after years to speak of it as the "most 
mag-niticent spectacle" that he had ever beheld. But the gay pageant 
was destined to be of short duration; for the army had only marched 
a little distance before it fell into an ambuscade skillfully laid liy tlie 
French and Indians, and the forest resounded with the uneai-thly 
whoop of the Indians, and the continuous roar of musketry. The 
advance was checked and thrown into confusion by the French from 
their \v('ll-chosen position, and every tree upon the flanks of the long 
di'awn out line concealed a murderous foe, who with unerring aini 
jiicked off the officers. A resolute defense was made and the Ijattle 
raged witli great fury for three houi-s ; but the fire of the English was 
ineffectual because directed against an invisible foe. Finally, the 
mounted officers having all fallen, killed or wounded, except "Washing- 
ton, the survivors, heini;- left without leadei's, were seized with a ]»aiiic, 
and " they ran," says Washington, " before the French and Indians 
like sheep before dogs." 

Governor MoriMs made an earnest apjieiil to the assemblv for 
money to ward off the impending enemy and protect the settlei's, in 
response to which the assembly voted £50,000; Init having no exemp- 
tion of the proi)rietor's estates, it was rejected by the governoi-, in 
accordance with his original instructions. Expeditions undertaken 
against Nova Scoti;i and at Crown Point were more fortunate than 
that before Du Quesne, and the assembly voted £15,000 in Ijills of 
credit to aid in defraying the expense. The proprietors sent £5,0U0 as 
a gratuity, not as any part of expense that could of right be claimed 
of them. 

In this pressing emergency, while the governor and assembly were 
waging a fruitless war of words over mone\^ bills, the pen of Franklin 
was busy in infusing a wholesome sentiment in the minds of the 
people. In a pamiihlet that he issued, which he put in the familiar 
form of a dialogue, he answered the objectirms whicli had l)een urged 
to a legalized militia, and willing to show his tievotion by deeds as 
well as words, he accepted the command upon the frontier. Bv his 
exertions a respectable force was raised, and, though in the dead of 
winter, he commenced the erection of a line of forts and block-houses 
along the whole range of the Kittatinny hills, from the Delaware to 
the Potomac, and had them comj)leted and gari'isoned with a bodv 
sufficient to withstand any foi'ce not provided with artillery. In the 
spring he turned over the commanil to Col. Clapham, and returning ta 


Pliihi(k']pliia took his seat in the assembly. Tlie governor now 
dechired war against the Indians, who had established their head- 
quarters thirty miles above Harris' Ferry, on the Susquehanna, and 
were bus\' in their work of robbery and devastation, having secured 
the greater portion of the crops of the previous season of the settlers 
whom they had killed or driven out. The peace party strongly 
objected to the course of the governor, and voluntarily going among 
the Indians induced them to bury the hatchet. The assembly which 
met in May, 1756, prepared a bill with the old clause for taxing the 
proprietors, as any other citizens, which the governor was forbidden to 
approve by his instructions, " and the two parties were sharpening 
their wits for another wrangle over it," when Governor Morris was 
superseded by William Denny, who ai'rived in the colon}- and assumed 
authority on the 2()th of August, 1750. He was joyfulh' and cordially 
received, escorted through the streets by the regiments of I'ranklin 
and Duclu", and royally feasted at the State House. 

But the promise of efficient legislation was broken by an exhibi- 
tion of the new governor's instructions, which provided that every bill 
for the emission of money must place the proceeds at the joint disposal 
of the governor and assembly ; paper currency could not be issued in 
excess of £'40,OuO, nor could existing issues be confirmed unless pro- 
prietary rents were jmid in sterling money ; proprietary lands were 
permitted to be taxed which had been actually' leased, provided that 
the taxes were paid out of the rents, but the tax could not become a 
lien upon the land. In the first assembly, the contention became as 
acrimonious as ever. 

The finances of the colon}', on account of the rejieated failures of 
the money bills, were in a deplorable condition. Military operations 
could not be carried on, and vigorous campaigns prosecuted, without 
ready money. According!}', in the first meeting of the assembly after 
the arrival of the new governor, a bill was passed levying £100,000 
on all property alike, real and personal, private and j)roprie- 
tarv. This Governor Denny vetoed. Seeing that money must be 
liad, the assembly finally passed a bill exempting the proprietary 
estates, but deternined to lay their grievances before the crown. To 
this end, two commissioners were appointed, Isaac Norris and Benja- 
min Franklin, to jiroceed to England and beg the interference of the 
royal government in their behalf. Failing health and business engage- 
ments of Norris ])revented his acce])tance, and Franklin proceeded 
idone. He had so often defended the assembly in public, and in draw- 
ing remonstrances, that tlie whole subject was at his fingers' ends. 




Fraiikiin, upon Ids arrival in En^'laiul, presented the grievances 
before the |)i'oprietors, and, that lie might get his case before the royal 
advisers and tlie Britisli pid)lic, wrote frequent articles for the press, 
and issued a pamphlet entitled " Historical Review of the Constitution 
and Government of Pennsylvania." The dispute was adroitly man 
aged by Franklin before the privy council, and was finally decided 
substantially in the interest of the assembly. It was provided that the 
proprietors' estates should be taxed, but that their located unculti- 
vated lands should be assessed as low as the lowest uncultivated 
lands of the settlers; that bills issued by the assembly should be receiv- 
able in payment of quit-rents, and that the deputy governor should 
have a voice in disposing of the revenues. Thus was a vexed question 
of long standing finally put to rest. So successfully had Franklin 
managed this controversy that the colonies of Massachusetts, Mary- 
land and Georgia appointed him their agent in England. 

In October, 1759, James Hamilton was again appointed governor, 
in place of Governor Denny, who had by stress of circumstances tran- 
scended his instructions. The British government, considering that 
the colonies had borne more than their pro]iortionate expense in carry- 
ing on the war against tlie French and Indians, voted £200,000 for 
five years, to be divided among the colonies, the share falling to Penn- 
sylvania l)eing £2fi,000. 

The boumlary line between Alarvland and Pennsylvania had lono- 
been in dispute, and had occasioned serious disturbances among the set- 
tlers in the lifetime of Penn, and repeatedly since. It was not 
definitely settled until 1760, when a beginning was made of a final 
adjustment, though so intricate were the conditions that the work was 
prosecuted for seven years by a large force of surveyoi's, as men 
and pioneers. Finally, the proprietors, Thomas and Richard Penn, and 
Frederick, Lord Baltimore, entered into an agreement for the execut- 
ing of the survey, and John Lukens and Archibald McLean on the 
part of the Penns, and Thomas Garnett and Jonathan Hall on the part 
of Lord Baltimore, were appointed with a suitable corps of assistants 
to lay off the lines. After these surveyors had been three years at 
work, the proprietors in England, thinking that there was not enough 
energy and pr'actical and scientific knowledge manifested by these sur- 
veyors, appointed Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, two mathema- 
ticians and surveyors, to proceed to America to take charge of the 
work. They brought with them the most perfect and best constructed 
instruments known to science, arriving in Philadelphia on the 15th of 



November, 1763, and, assisted by some of the old survej'ors, entered 
upon their work. I)}' the -ith of June, 1760, they had I'eached tlie 
sunnnil of the Little Allegheny, when the Indians began to be trouble- 
some. They looked with an evil eye on the mathematical and astro- 
nomical instruments, and felt a secret dread and fear of the conse- 
<|uences of the frequent and long-continued jjeering into the heavens. 
The Six Kations were understood to be inimical to the further progi'ess 
of the survey. But thrtnigh the influence of Sir AVilliam Johnson a 
treaty was concluded, ])ruviding foi' the prosecution of the work 
unmolested, and a numbei- of chieftains was sent to accompany the 
surveying jjaity. IMason and Dixon now had with them thirty 
surveyors, fifteen axnien, and fifteen Indians of consequence. Again 
the attitude of the Indians gave cause of fear, and, on the 29th of 
September, twenty-six of the surveyors abandoned the expedition and 
returned to Philadelphia. Having reached a point two hundred and 
twenty-four miles from the Delaware, and within thirty-six miles of 
the western limit of the state, in the bottom of a dee]), dark valley 
they came upon a well-worn Indian path, and here the Indians gave 
notice that it was the will of the Six Nations that this survey proceed 
no further. There was no questioning this authority, and no means at 
command for resisting, and accordingly the party broke up and 
returned to Philadelj)liia. And this was the end of the labors of 
Mason and Dixon upon this l)i)undar}\ The line was marked by stones 
which were (juarried and engraved in England, on one side having the 
arms of Penn, and on the opposite those of Lord Paltimore. These 
stones were tirndy set every five miles. At the end of each intermed- 
iate mile a smaller stone was placed, having on one sid*; engraved the 
letter P., and on the opposite the letter M. The remainder of the line 
was finished and marked in 1782-84: by other surveyors. A vista was 
cut through the forest eight yards in width the whole distance. In 
1819 the stone at the northeast corner of Maryland having been 
removed, a re-survey of the line was ordered, and surveyors were 
appointed by the three states of Pennsylvania, Delaware and Mary- 
land, who called to their aid James D. Graham. Some few errors were 
discovered in the old survey, but in the main it was found to be 

John Penn, one son of Richard, and grandson of the founder, had 
come to the colon}' in 1753, and having acted as presitlent of the 
cuncil,"was, in 1763, commissioned governor in place of Hamilton. 

A ditfercncc havinc,' arisen between the o-nvernoi- and assemblv on 


the vexed question ut' levying- money, tlie asseiuljly passed a series of 
I'esolutions advocating tliat tlie " ]io\vers of government ought to be 
sepai'ated from the ]io\ver attending the immense proprietary property, 
and lodged in the hands of the king." After an interval of fifty days 
— that time for reflection and discussion might be given — the assembly 
again convened, and adopted a petition praying the king to assume the 
direct government of the province, though this policy was strongly 
opposed by some of the ablest members, as Isaac Norris and Jolm 
Dickinson. The Quaker element was generally in favor of the change. 
The great struggle for the independence of the colonies of the 
British crown was now close at hand, and the first sounds of the con- 
troversy were beginning to l)e heard. Sir William Keith, that enter- 
prising governor whose head seemed to have been full of new ]irojects, 
as early as 1739 had proposed to lay a uniform tax on stamped i)a])er 
in all the colonies, to realize funds for the common defense. Acting 
upon this hint, Grenville, the British Minister, notified the colonists in 
1763 of his purpose to im])ose such a tax. Against this they remon- 
strated. Instead of this, a tax on impoi'ts, to be paid in coin, was 
adopted. This was even more distasteful. The assembly of Bhode 
Island, in October, 1705, submitted a paper to all the colonial assem 
blies, with a view to uniting in a common y)etition to the king against 
parliamentary taxation. This was favorably acted on by the assembly 
of Pennsylvania, and Franklin was a])pointed agent to represent their 
cause before the British parliament. The stamp act had been passed 
on the 22d of March, 1705. Its passage excited l)itter opposition, and 
a resolution, asserting that the colonial assemblies had the exclusive 
right to levy taxes, was passed ])y the Virginia assembly, and concurred 
in by all the others. The Massachusetts assembly proposed a meeting of 
delegates in i^ew York on the second Tuesday of October, 1765, to con- 
fer upon the subject. The Pennsylvania assembly adopted the sug- 
gestion, and appointed Messrs. Fox, Morton, Bryan and Dickinson as 
delegates. This congress met according to the call and adopted a 
respectful petition to the king, and a memorial to parliament, which 
were signed by all the members and forwarded for presentation by the 
colonial agents in England. The stamp act was to go into effect on 
the 1st of November. On the last day of October, the newspapers 
were dressed in mourning, and suspended publication. The publishers 
agreed not to use the stamped paper. The people, as with one mind, 
determined to dress in homespun, resoh^ed not to use imported goods, 
and to stimulate the production of wool the colonists covenanted not to 


eat lamb for the space of one year. 'I'lie result of this |ioliey was soon 
felt 1)\' JJi-itish iiianufacturers, who became clamoi'ous for repeal of the 
obnoxious measure, and it was accordingly repealed on the ISth of 
March, 1766. 

Determined in some form to draw a revenue from the colonies, an 
act was passed in 1767 to la}' a duty on tea, paper, printers' colors and 
glass. Tlie assembly of Pennsylvania jmssed a resolution on the 20tli of 
February, 1768, instructing its agent in London to urge its repeal, and 
at the session in May received and entered upon its minutes a circular 
letter from the Massachusetts assembly, setting forth the grounds on 
which objection to the act should be urged. This circular occasioned 
hostile feeling among the ministry, and the secretary for foreign affairs 
wrote to Governor Penn to urge the assembly to take no notice of it; 
but if they approved its sentiments, to prorogue their sittings. This 
letter was transmitted to the assembly, and soon after one from the 
Virginia assemljl)- was presented, iirging union of all the colonies in 
opposing the several schemes of taxation. This recommendation was 
adopted, and committees ajipointed to draw a ]>etiti()n to the king and 
to each (jf the houses of jiarliament. To lead pulilic sentiment, and 
have it well grounded in the arguments used against taxation, John 
Dickinson, one of the alilest of the Pcnnsvlvania legislators, at this time 
published a number of articles purporting to come from a plain farmer, 
under the title of " Farmer's Letters," which became popular, the idea 
that they were the work of one in huml)le life helping to swell the 
tide of popularity. They were republished in all the colonies, and 
xerted a commanding influence. Alarmed at the iinanimityof feelings 
against the proposed schemes, and supposing that it was the amount 
of the tax that gave offense, parliament reduced the rate of 1769 to 
one-sixth of the original sum, and in 1770 abolished it altogether, except 
threepence a pound on tea. But it was the principle and not the 
amount that was objected to, and at the next session of the assembly in 
Pennsylvania, their agent in London was directed to urge its repeal alto- 

Ilichard Penn, son of the founder, died in 1771, whereupon Gover- 
nor John Penn returned to England, leaving the president of the coun- 
cil, James Hamilton, at the head of the government. John Penn, eld- 
est son of Pichard, succeeded to the proprietary interests of his father, 
which he held in conjunction with his uncle, Thomas, and in October of 
the same year, Pichard, the second son, was commissioned governor. 
He held the office Ijut about two years, and in that time won the confi- 



dence and esteem of the people, and so much attached was lie to the 
popular cause, that upon his return to England, in 1775, he was intrusted 
bv congress with the last petition of the colonies ever presented to the 
kino'. In August, 1773, John Penn returned with the commission of 
governor, sujiersediug his brother Richard. 

To encourage the sale of tea in the colonies, and establish the prin- 
ciple of taxation, the expoit tluty was removed. The colonies took the 
alarm. At a j)uijlic meeting called in Philadelphia to consider the sub- 
ject, on the 18th of October, 1773, resolutions were adojited in which 
it was declared: "That the dis)iosal of their own property is the 
inherent right of fi-eenien ; that tliere can be no property in that which 
another can, of right, take from us without our consent; that the claim 
of pai'liament to tax America is, in other words, a claim of I'ight to 
levv contriijutions on us at pleasure." The East India Company now 
made preparations for sending lai-ge importations of tea into the 
colonies. The ships destined for Philadelphia and New York, ou 
approaching port, and being advised of the exasperated state of public 
feeling, returned to England wdth their cargoes. Those sent to Boston 
came into the harbor ; but at night a jiarty disguised as Mohawk 
Indians boarded the vessels, and breaking open the packages, emptied 
three hundred. chests into the sea. The ministry, on being apprised of 
this act, closed the port of Boston, and subverted the colonial charter. 
Early in the .year, committees of correspondence had been established 
in all the colonies by means of which the temper and feeling in each 
were well understood by the others, and concert of action was secured. 
The hard conditions imposed on the tow^n of Boston and the colony of 
Massachussetts Bay, aroused the sympathy of all ; '' for," they ai'gued, 
" we know not how soon tlie heavy liand of oppression may be felt by 
any of us." 

At a meeting held in Philadelphia on the 18th of June, 177-t, at 
which nearly eight thousand people were convened, it was decided 
that a continental congress ought to be hekl, and appointed a com- 
mittee of correspondence to communicate with similar committees in 
the several counties of Pennsylvania, and in the several colonies. 
On the 15th of July, 1774, delegates from all the counties, summoned 
by this committee, assembled in Philadelphia, and declared that there 
existed an absolutenecessity for a colonial congress. They accordingly 
recommended that the assembly a[)point delegates to such a congress, 
to represent Pennsylvania, and Jose])li Galloway, Samuel Rhoads, 
George Ross, Edward Biddle, John Dickinson, Charles Humphries and 
Thomas Mifflin were appointed. 


On the 4tli of September', 1774, tlje first continental cong-ress as- 
sembled in Philadelphia. Peyton Randolph, of Virginia, was called 
to preside, and Charles Thomson, of Pennsylvania was appointed 
secretary. It was resolved that no more goods be imported from Eng- 
land, and that, unless a pacification was efifected previously, no more 
colonial ])i'oduce of the soil be exported thither after September 10. 
1775. A declaration of rights was adopted, and addresses to the king, 
the ])eo])le of Great Britain ;ind of British America were agreed to, 
after which the congress adjourned to meet again on the 10th of Miiy, 

In January, 1775, another meeting of the county delegates was 
lield in Philadelphia, at whicli the action of the colonial congress was 
approved, and, while a restoration of harmony with the mother coun- 
try was desired, yet if the arbitrary acts of parliament were persisted 
in, they would at every hazard defend the "rights and liberties of 
America." The delegates appointed to represent the colony in the 
second congress were Mifflin, Humphries, Biddle, Dickinson, Morton, 
Franklin, Wilson and Willing. 

The government of Great Britain had determined with a strong 
hand to compel obedience to its behests. On the 19th of April, 1775, 
was fought the battle of Lexington, a blow that was felt alike through 
all the colonies. The cause of one was the cause of all. A public 
meeting was held in Philadelphia, at which it was resolved to (organ- 
ize military companies in all the counties. The assembly heartily sec- 
onded these views, and engaged to provide for the pay of the militia 
wliile in service. Tlie second congress, which met in May, provided 
for organizing a Continental armj', fixing the quota for Pennsylvania 
at 4.300 men. The assemlily adopted the recommendation of con- 
gress, provided for arming, disciplining and paying the militia, recom- 
mended the organizing of minutemen for service in an emergency, made 
appropriations for the defense of the city, and offei'e<l a premium on 
the production of saltpetre. Complications hourly thickened. Ticon- 
deroga was captured oii the 10th of Ma3% and the battle of Bunker 
Hill was fought on the 17th of June. On the 15th of June George 
Washington was appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental 
army, supported by four major-generals and eight brigadiers. 

The royal governors were now an incumbrance greatly in the way 
of the popular movement, as were also the assemblies where they 
refused to represent the popular will. Accordingly, Congress recom- 
mended that the sev(?ral colonies should adopt sucii government as 


should " best: coiul Lieu to the happiness and safety of their constitu- 
ents in particular and America in general." This meant that each col- 
ony should set up a government for itself, independent of the crown. 
Accordingly, a public meeting was held in I'hiladelpliia, at which it 
was resolved that the present assemblj' is "not competent to the pres- 
ent exigencies of aflfaii's," and that a new form of government ought 
to be adopted as recommended bj^ congress. The city committee of 
correspondence called on the county committees to secure the election 
of delegates to a colonial meeting for the purpose of considering this 
subject. On the 18th of June, the meeting was held in Philadelphia, 
and was organized by electing Thomas McKean president. It resolved 
to call a convention to frame a new constitution, provided the legal 
forms to be observeil, and issued an address to the people. 

The convention for framing a new constitution for the colon}' met, 
on the 15th of July, and was organized liy electing Franklin president 
and on the 2Sth of Sejttember completed its laliors, having framed a 
new oi-ganic law and made all necessary provisions for putting it into 
operation. In the meantime the old i)roprietary assembly adjournetl 
on the 14th of June to the l^Oth of August. But a (|uorum failed to 
ap])ear, and an adjournment was had to the 23d of September, when 
some routine business was attended to, chiefly providing for the pay- 
ment of salaries and necessary bills, and on the 2Sth of Se|itember, 
after a stormy existence of nearly a century, this assembly, the 
creature of Penn, adjourned, never to meet again. With the ending 
of the assembl}' , ended the power of Governor Penn. 

The titles of the proprietors to landed estates were suspended by 
tlie action of the convention, and on the 27tli of November, 1779, the 
legislature passed an act vesting these estates in the commonwealth, 
but paying the proprietors a gratuity of £130,000, "in remembrance 
of the enterprising spirit of the founder.'" This act did not touch the 
private estates of the proprietors, nor the tenths of manors. The Brit- 
ish government, in 1790, in consideration of the fact that it had been 
unable to vindicate its authority over the colony and afford protection 
to the proprietors inthe enjoyment of their chartered, rights voted 
an annuity of £4,000 to the heirs and descendants of Penn. This 
annuity was regularly paid until within a few years, when, on the pay- 
ment of a rountl sum to the heirs by the British government, the annu- 
ity was discontinued. 

The convention which framed the constitution a})pointed a com- 
mittee of safety, consisting of twenty-live members, to whom was 


intrusted the gom-nraent of the colony until the proposed constitution 
should be framed and put in operation. Tiiomas Ritteniiouse was 
chosen president of this body, who was consequently in effect o-qv- 
ernor. The new constitution, which was unanimously adopted on°the 
28th of September, was to talce effect fron; its passage. It provided 
or an assembly to be elected annually ; a supreme executive council of 
twe ve members to be elected for a term of three years ; assemblvmen 
to be eligible but four years out of seven, and councilmen but 
one term in seven years. Members of congress were chosen by the 
assembly. The constitution could not be changed for seven years. It 
provided Un- the election of censors everv seven years, who were to 
decide whether there was a demand for its revision. If so, they were 
to call a convention for the purpose. On the (Ith of August, 177G, 
Thomas Wharton, Jr., was chosen president of the council o'f safety. 

The struggle of the parent country was now fullv inaugurated 
Parliament had resolved upon a vigorous campaign, tJ strike heavy 
and rapid blows, and quickly end the war. The lirst campaign had 
been conducted in Massachusetts, and bv the efficient conduct of 
Washmgton, General Howe, the leader of the British. \vas compelled 
to capitulate and withdraw to Halifax in March, 1770. On the 2Sth 
of June Sir Henry Clinton, with a strong detachment, in conjunction 
with Sir Peter Parker, of the navy, made a combined land and naval 
attack upon the defenses of Charleston harbor, where he was met by 
General William Moultrie, with the Carolina militia, and after a 
severe battle, in which the IJritish fleet was roughly handled, Clin- 
on withdrew and returned to New York, whither the main 'body, 
of the British army, under General Howe, had come, and where 
Admiral Howe, with a large fleet directly from England, joined tliem. 
This formi(la])le power led by the best talent in the British army 
Washington could muster no adequate force to oppose, and he was 
obliged to witlulraw from Long Island, from New York, from Harlem, 
from White Plains, to cross into New Jersey, and abandon position 
after position until he had readied the right bank of the Delaware on 
Pennsylvania soil. A heavy detachment under Cornwallis followed, 
and would have crossed the Delaware in i)ursuit, but, adviseil to a 
cautious policy by Howe, he waited for ice to form on the waters of 
the Delaware before passing over. The fall of Philadelphia now 
seemed imminent. Washington had not sufficient force to face the 
whole power of the British army. On the 2d of December, the 
supreme council ordered all places of !)usiness in the citv to be closed 


the scliools dismissed, and advised pi'eparation for reinovmo- the 
women and children and valuables. On the I'itli the congress, which 
was in session here, adjourned to meet in Baltimore, taking with them 
all papers and public records, and leaving a committee, of wiuch 
Robert Morris was chairnum, to act in conjunction with Washington 
for the safety of the place. General Putnam was dispatched on the 
same day with a detachment of soldiers to take command in the city. 
Washington, who had, from the opening of the campaign before 
New York, been obliged for the most part to act upon the defensive, 
formed the plan to suddenly turn upon his ])ursuers and offer battle. 
Accordingly, on the night of the 25th of December, taking a picked 
body of men, he moved up several miles to Taylorsville, where he 
crossed the river, though at flood tide and filled with floating ice, and 
moving down to Trenton, where a detacliment of the British army was 
posted, made a bold and vigorous attack. Taken by surprise, though 
now after sunrise, the battle was soon decided in favor of the Ameri- 
cans. The victory had a great stategic value. The British had 
intended to push forward and occupy Philadelphia at once, which, 
being now virtually the capital of the new nation, had it been captured 
at tliis junctui'e, would have given them tlie occasion for claiming a 
triumphal ending of the war. J!ut this advantage, though gained by 
a detachment small i)i numliers yet great in courage, caused the com- 
mander of a powerful anil well-appointed army to give u[)all intention 
of attempting to ca])ture the Pennsylvania metropolis in this cam- 
paign, and retiring into winter cantonments upon the Raritan to await 
the settled weather of the spring for an entirely new cast of operations. 
Washington, emboldened by his success, led all his forces into New 
Jersey, and pushing past Trenton, where Corivwallis, the royal leader, 
had brought his main bod}' by a forced march, under cover of dark- 
ness, attacked the British reserves at Princeton. But now the enemy 
had become wary and vigilant, and, summoned by the booming of 
cannon, Coruwallis hastened back to the relief of his hard-pressed 
columns. Washington, finding that the enemy's whole army was 
within easy call, and knowing that he had ^lo hope of success with his 
weak army, withdrew. He now went into winter quarters at Morris- 
town, and by constant vigilance was able to gather marauding parties 
of the British who ventured far away from their works. 

Putnam commenced fortifications at a point below Philadelphia 
upon the Delaware, and at commanding ]iositions upon the outskirts 
and on being summoned to the army was succeeded by General Irvine, 


and he by Genenil Gates. On the 4tli of ^Fairli, 1 777, tlie two Iiotise 
of the leii-islatiire, elected uiKler tiie new coiistitiiti(jn, aissembled. and 
in joint convention chose Tlionias Wharton, Jr., iiresiilent, and George 
Br3'an, vice-president. Penn had expressed the idea tliat power was 
preserved the better l)y due formality and ceremony, and, accord ini;ly 
this event was celebrated with much pomj). the result being declared in 
a loud v(jice froni the courthouse, amid the shouts of the gathered 
throngs, and the booming of the captured cannon brought from the 
field of Trenton. The title bestowed upon the new chief officer of the 
state was fitted by its length and liigh-sounding epithets to ins]>ire the 
multitude with awe and reverence: " His Excellency, Thomas Whart on- 
Junior, E.squire, President of the Supreme Executive Council of Penn- 
sylvania, Captain General and Commander-in-Chief in and over the 

Early in A]n'il great activity was observed among the shipping in 
New York harbor, and Washington communicated to congress his 
opinion that I^liiladelphia was the object against which the blow 
would be aimed. This announcement of probalde pei-il induced the 
council to issue a proclanuition urging enlistments, and congress 
oi'dered the opening of a camp for drilling recruits in Pennsylvania, 
and Benedict Arnold, who was at this time a trusted general, was 
aj)i)ointed to the command of it. Somany new vessels and transports of 
all classes had been discovered to have come into New York harbor, 
probably forwarded from England, that Washington sent General 
Mifflin, on the lOth of June, to congress, bearing a letter in which he 
expressed the settled conviction that the enemy meditated an immedi- 
ate descent upon some part of Pennsylvania. General Mifflin pro- 
ceeded to examine the defensive w'orks of the city which had been 
• begun on the previous advance of the British, and recommended such 
changes and new works as seemed best adapted for its ])rotection. 
The preparations for defense were vigorouslv prosecuted. The militia 
were called out and placed in two camps, one at Chester and the other 
at Downington. Fire-ships W'ere held in readiness to be used against 
vessels attempting the asceet of the river. 

Lord Howe, being determined not to move until ample prepara- 
tions were completed, allowed the greater part of the summer to wear 
away before he advanced. Finally, having embarked his force on a 
fleet of transports, he sailed southward. Washington promptlv made 
a corresponding march overland, passing through Philadel]ihia on the 
24th of August. Howe, suspecting that pre[)arati()ns would I)e made 


for impeding tl>e passage of the Delaware, sailed past its inoutl. and 
movini- up the Chesapeake instea.l, debarked fifty-four mdes from 
Philadelphia, and commenced the march nortlnvar.l. Great activity 
was nou- manifested in the city. The waterspouts were melted to 
furnish hullets, fair hands were busied in rolling cartridges, powertui 
chevaux-de-f rise were planted to impede the navigation of the riveis 
and tiie last division of the militia of the city, which had been divided 
into three classes, was caile.l out. Washington, who bad crossed the 
Brandvwine, soon confronted the advance of Howe, and brisk skir- 
mishing at once opened. Seeing that he was likely to have the right 
of his position at Red Clay Creek, where he had intended to give bat- 
tle, turned by the largely superior force of the enemy, under cover or 
darkness on the night of the 8th of September, he withdrew across 
the Brandvwine at Chad's Ford, and p..sting Armstrong with the 
militia upon the left, at Pyle's Ford, where the banks were rugged 
andi.reciiV.tous, and Sullivan, who was second in command, upon the 
rio-ht at Brinton's Ford, under cover of forest, he himself took post 
wi^h three divisions, Sterling's, Stephen's and his own, m front of the 
main avenue of approach at Chad's. Discovering the strong position 
^vhich the American army occupied, the British general began a move- 
ment to turn it by a Hank movement. Washington, always on the 
alert, promptly divined the enemy's intentions, and ordered (Teneral 
Sullivan to counteract the movement by flanking the Hankers, while he 
held his immediate command ready to attack the mam force wlule m 
confusion. The plan was ruined, however, by Sullivan's failure to 
obev orders, and Washington had no alternative but to remain m po- 
sition and make the best disposition that time would permit. His 
main V^odv with the force of Sullivan took position along the brow of 
the hill on which stands the Birmingham meeting-house, and the bat- 
tle opened and was pushe.l with vigor the whole day. Overborne by 
numbers, and weakened by losses, Washington was obliged to retire, 
leaving the eneinv in possession of the Held. 

Cono-ress remaine.l in Philadelphia while these military opera- 
tions were going on at its very doors; but on the 18th of September 
adiourned to meet at Lancaster, though subsequently, on the .Oth, 
removed across the Susquehanna to York, where it remained m session 
till after the evacuation in the following summer. The council 
remained until two days before the fall of the city, when, having dis- 
patched the records of the loan oltice and the more valuable papers to 
Easton, it adjourned to Lancaster. On the 26th tlie British army 


entereclthe city. Deborah Logan in lier memoir savs : "Tliearmy 
marclied iii and toolc jiossession of the city in tlie' morning. We 
were upstaii's and saw tiiem pass the State House. They looked \vell, 
clean and well-clad, and the contrast between them and onro\vn iioor^ 
bare-footed, ragged troops was very great, and caused a feelino- of 
despair. * * * * Early in the afternoon Lord Cornwallis' suite 
arrived and took possession of my mother's house." 

The army of Washington, after being recruited and i)ut in lio-lit 
marching order, was led to Germantown, where on the m.,rning of the 
3d of October, the enemy was met. A Jieavy fog that morning liad 
obscured friend and foe alike, occasioning confusion in the ranks^ and 
tiiough the opening promised well, and some progress was made, yet 
the enemy was too strong to be moved, and the American leader was 
forced to retire to his camp at White Marsh. Though tJie river had 
now I)een opened and the city was thorougiily fortified for resisting 
attack, yet Howe felt not quite easy in having the American army 
quartered in so close striking distance, and accordingly, on the 4th of 
December, with nearly his entire army, moved out. intending to take 
Washington at White JMarsh, sixteen miles away, by surprise, and by 
rapidity of action gain an easy victory. But b/ the heroism and fidel- 
ity of Lydia Darrah, wjio, as she had often done before, passed the 
guards to go to the mill for flour, the news of the coming of Howe was 
communicated to Washington, wiio was prepared to receive him. 
Finding that he could eifect nothing, Howe returned to the city, having 
hail tiie wearisome march at this wintry season without effect. 

Washington now crossed the Schuylkill, and went into winter 
quarters at Valley Forge. The cold of 'that winter was intense : the 
troops, half-clad and indifferently fed, suffered severely, tlie \mnts of 
their naked feet in frost and snow being often tinted with patriot 
blood. Grown impatient of the small results from the immensely 
expensive campaigns carried on across the ocean, the ministry relieved 
Lord Howe, and appointed Sir Henry Clinton to the chief command. 
The^commissioners whom congress had sent to France early in the 
fall of 1770, Franklin, Dean and Lee, had been inisy in making intei'est 
for the united colonies at the French court, and so successful were they 
that arms and ammunition and loans of money were procured from 
time to time. Finally, a convention was concluded, by wiiich France 
agreed to use the royal army and navy as faithful allies of the ximeri- 
cans against the English. Accordingly, a fleet of four powerful 
frigates and twelve sliips were dispatched under commaml of tlie 


Count D'Estaing to shut up the British tieet in the Delaware. The 
plan was ino-enious. i)articuhxrly worthy of the long head of Franklin. 
But. by some means, intelligence of the sailing of the French tieet 
reached the English cabinet, who immediately ordered the evacuation 
of the Delaware, whereupon the Admiral weighed anchor and sailed 
away with his entire fleet to New York, and D'Estaing, upon his arrival 
at the mouth of the Delaware, found that the bird had flown. 

Clinton evacuated Philadelphia, and moved across New Jersey in 
the direction of New York. AVashington closely followed, and came up 
with the enemy on the plains of Monmouth, on the 2Sth of June, 1778, 
where a sanguinary battle was fought which lasted the whole day, 
resulting in the triumph of tiie American arms, and Pennsylvania was 
rid of British troops. 

The enemy was no sooner well away from the city than congress 
returned from New York and resumed its sittings in its former quarters, 
June 24, 1778, and on the following da.y the colonial legislature returned 
from Lancaster. General Arnold, who was disabled by a wound 
received at Saratoga, from field duty, was given command in tlie city, 
and marched in with a regiment on the day following the evacuation. 
On the 23d of May, 1778, President Wharton died suddenly of quinsy, 
while in attendance upon the council at Lancaster, when George Bryan, 
the vice-president, became the acting president. Bryan was a philan- 
thropist in deed as well as in word. Up to this time African slavery had 
been tolerated in the colony. In his message of the 9th of November, 
he said : " This or some better scheme would tend to abrogate slavery, 
the opprobrium of America, from among us. * * * In divesting 
the state of slaves, you will equally serve the cause of humanity and 
policy, and offer to God one of the most proper and best returns of 
gratitude for His great deliverance of us and our posterity from thral- 
dom ; you will also set your character for justice and benevolence in 
the true point of view to Europe, who are astonished to see a people 
eager for liberty holding negroes in bondage." He perfected a bill for 
the extinguishment of claims to slaves, which was jmssed by the 
assembly ,°March 1, 1780, by a vote of thirty -four to eighteen, provid- 
ing that no child of slave parents born after that date should be a slave, 
bift a servant till the age of twenty-eight years, when all claim for 
service should end. Thus l)y simple enactment, resolutely pressed l)y 
Bryan, was slavery forever rooted out of Pennsylvania. 

At the election held for president, the choice fell upon Joseph 
Reed, with George Bryan vice-president, subsequently Matthew Smith. 


and liiially William Moore. Reed wasan erudite lawyer, and iuid lield 
tlie position of private secretary to Wasliington, and sul)sequently 
adjutant-general of the army. He was inaugurated on the 1st of 
December, 1778. AViJliani Moore was elected president to succeed 
Joseph Heed, fi'om November 14, 1781, but held the office less than 
one year, the term (,f three years for which he Jiad been a councilman 
having expired, which was the- limit of service. James Potter was 
chosen vice-president. In the state election of 1782, contested with 
great violence, John Dickinson was chosen pi-esident, and James 
Ewing vice-president. On tlie 12th of March, 1783, intelligence was 
hrst received of the signing of the preliminary treatv in which independ- 
ence was acknowledged, and on the 11th of April" congress sent forth 
the joyful proclamation or.leringa cessation of hostilities. The soldiers 
of Burgoyne, who had been confined in the pi'ison-camp at Lancaster, 
were put upon the march for New York, passing through Philadelphia 
on the way. Everywhere was joy unspeakable. The obstructions 
were removed from the Delaware, and the white wings of commerce 
again came fluttering on every breeze. 

In Se])tember, 1785, after a long absence in the service of his 
country abroad, perfecting treaties, and otherwise establishing just 
relations with other nations, the venerable Benjamin Franklim then 
nearly eighty years old, feeling the infirmities of age coming upon him, 
asked to be relieved of the duties of minister at the court of France^ 
and returned to Philadelphia. Soon after his arrival he was elected 
president of the council. Charles Biddle was elected vice-president. 
In May, 1787, a convention to frame a constitution for the United 
States met in Philadelphia. The delegation from Pennsylvania was 
Benjamin Franklin, Robert Morris, Thomas MifHin, George Clymer, 
Thomas Fitzsimons, Jared Ingersoll, James Wilson and Gouverneur 
Morris. Upon the completion of their work, the instrument was sub- 
mitted to the several states for adoption. A convention was called in 
Pennsylvania, which met on the 21st of November, and though 
encountering resolute ojiposition, it was finally ado])ted on the 12th of 
December. On the following day the convention, the supreme council, 
and officers of the state and city government, moved in procession to 
the old court house, Avhere the adoption of the constitution Avas form- 
ally proclaimed amitlst the booming of cannon and the rin<Wno- of 
bells. ' '^ ° 

On the 5th of November, 1788, Thomas Mifflin was elected presi- 
dent, and George Ross vice-president. The constitution of the state. 


framed in and adapted to tlie exigencies of an emergency, was ill suited 
to the aeeds of the state in its relations to the new nation. Accord- 
ingly, a convention assembled for the ])urpose of preparing a new con. 
stitntion in November, 1789. which was finally adopted on Sep- 
tember 2, 1790. IJy the provisions of this instrument, the executive 
council was abohshed, and the executive duties were vested in the 
hands of a governor. Legislation was intrusted to an assembly and a 
senate. The judicial system was continued, antl the terms of the judges 
extended through good behavior. 

The whisk}- insurrection in .some of the western counties of the 
state, which occurred in 179-1, excited, by its lawlessness and wide 
extent, general interest. An act of congress, of March 3, 1791, laid a 
tax on distilled spirits of four pence per gallon. The then counties of 
Washington, Westmoreland, Allegheny and Fayette, comjirising the 
southwestern quarter of the state, were almost exclusively engaged in 
the production of grain. Being far removed from any market, the 
product of their farms brought them scarcely any returns. The con- 
sequence was that a large proportion of the surplus grain was turned 
into distilled spirits, and nearlv every other farmer was a distiller. 
This tax was seen to bear heavily u])on them, from whicli a non-pro- 
ducer of spirits was relieved. A rash determination was formed to 
resist its collection, and a belief entertained, if all were united in resist- 
ing, it would be taken off. Frequent altercations occurred between 
the persons appointed United States collectors and these resisting 
citizens. As an example, on the 5th of September, 1791, a pai'ty in dis- 
guise set upon Robert Johnson, a collector for Alleghen}'^ and Wash- 
ington, tarred and feathered him, cut off his hair, took awaj^ his horse, 
and left him in this j)light to i)roceed. Writs for the arrest of the 
perpetrators were issued, but none dared to venture into the territory 
to serve them. On May 8, 1792, the law was modified, and the tax re- 
duced. In September, 1792, President Washington issued his proclama- 
tion commanding all persons to submit to the law, and to forbear from 
further opposition. But these measures had no effect, and the insur- 
gents began to organize for forcible resistance. One Maj. Macfarlane. 
while in command of a party of insurrectionists, was killed in an 
encounter with United States soldiers at the house of Gen. Neville. 
The feeling now ran very high, and it was hardly safe for anv ])erson 
to breathe a whisper against the insurgents throughout all this district. 
One Bradford had, of liis own notion, issued a, circular letter to the 
colonels of regiments to assemble with their commands at Braddock's 

44 insT(.iKY nr beavp:r county. 

field on tlie 1st of August, where tliey appointed officers and moved on 
to Pittsburgh. Alter iiaving Inirned a barn, and made some noisy 
demonstrations, they were induced liy some cool heads to return. 
These turbulent proceedings coming to the ear.s of the state and 
national authorities at Philadelphia, measures wei'e concerted to 
prompth^ and effectually check them. Gov. Mifflin appointed Chief 
Justice McKean, and Gen. William Irvine to proceed to the disaffected 
district, ascertain the facts, and try to bring the leaders to justice. 
Pr'esident Washington issued a proclamation commanding all persons 
in arms to disperse to their homes "'on or before the 1st of September, 
proximo,''' and called out the militia of four states — Pennsylvania, New 
Jersey, Maryland and Virginia — to the number of thirteen thousand 
men, to enforce his commands. The quota of Pennsylvania was four 
thousand five hundred infantry, five hunilred cavahy, two hundred 
artillery, and Gov. MifHin took command in person. Gov. Eichard 
Howell, of New Jersey, Gov. Thomas S. Lee, of Maryland, and Gen. 
Daniel Morgan, of Virginia, commanded the forces from their states, 
and Gov. Henry Lee, of Virginia, was placed in chief command. 
President Washington, accompanied by Gen. Knox, secretary of war, 
Alexander Hamilton, secretary of the treasury, and Richard Peters, 
of the Uniteil States District Couit, set out on the 1st of October for the 
seat of the disturbance. On Friday the President reached Harrisburg, 
and on Saturday Carlisle, whither the army had preceded him. In 
the meantime a committee, consisting of James Ross, Jasper Yeates 
and William Bradford, was appointed by President Washington to 
proceed to the disaffected district, and endeavor to persuade misguided 
citizens to return to their allegiance. 

A meeting of 260 delegates from the four counties was held at 
Parkinson's Ferry on the 14th of August, at which the state of their 
cause was considered, resolutions adopted, and a committee of sixty, 
one from each county was appointed, and a sub-committee, of twelve 
was named to confer with the United States commissioners, McKean 
and Irvine. These conferences with the state and national committees 
were successful in arranging preliminary conditions of settlement. On 
the 2d of October, the committee of safety of the insurgents met at 
Parkinson's Ferry, and having learned that a well-oi-ganized army, 
with AVashington at its head, was marching westward for enforcing- 
obedience -to the laws, appointed a committee of two, William Findley 
and David Reddick, to meet the President, and assure him that the 
disaffected were disposed to return to their duty. They met Abashing- 



ton at Cai'lisle, and several conferences were liel<l,ancl assurances given 
of implicit obedience ; l)Ut tlie President said that as tiie troops had 
been called out, the orders for the march would not be countermanded. 
The President proceeded forward on the lltli of October to Chambers- 
burg, reached Williamsport on the 13th and Fort Cumljerlantl on the 
14th, where he reviewetl theA'irginia and j\Iar\land foi'ces, and arrived 
at Bedford on tlie VJth. Keniaining a few days, and being satisfied 
that the sentiment of the people had changed, he returned toPhiladel- 
])hia, arriving on the 28th, leaving Gen. Lee to meet the commissioners 
and make such conditions of pacification as should seem just. Another 
meeting of the committee of safety was held at Parkinson's Ferry on the 
24th, at which assurances of abandonment of opposition to the laws 
were received, and the same committee, with the addition of Thomas 
Morton and Ephraim Douglass, wasdii*ected t(j return to headquarters 
and give assurance of this disposition. They did not reach Bedford 
until after the departure of Washington. But at Uniontown they 
met Gen. Lee, with whom it was agreed that the citizens of tiiese four 
counties should subscribe to an oath to su])port the constitution and obey 
the laws. Justices of the peace issued notices that books were opened 
for suljscribing to the oath, and Gen. Lee issued a judicious address 
urging I'eady obedience. Seeing that all requirements were being 
faithfully cai'ried out, an order was issued the 17th of November for 
the return of the army and its disl)andment. A nundier of arrests 
were nuuleand trials and convictions were had, Initall were ultimately 

AVith the exception of a slight ebullition at tlie pi'cjspect of a war 
with France in 1797, and a resistance to the operation of the "home- 
stead tax" in Lehigh, Berks and Northampton counties, when the 
militia, was called out, the remainder of the term of Gov. Mifflin passed 
in comparative quiet. By an act of the legislature of the 3d of Ajn-il, 
1799, the ca])italof the state was removed to Lancaster, and soon after 
the capital of the United States to Washington, the house on Ninth 
street, which liad been built for tlie residence of the President of the 
United States, passing to the use of the University of Pennsylvania. 

During the administrations of Thomas McKean, who was elected 
governor in 1799, and Simon Snyder in 1808, little beyond heated 
political contests marked the even tenor of the government, until the 
breaking-out of the troubles which eventuated in the war of 1812. 
Pennsylvania promptly seconded the national government, the message 
of (tov. Snyder on the occasion ringing like a silver clarion. Tiie 



national call for one hundred thousand men required fourteen thousand 
from this state, but so great was the enthusiasm, that several times 
this number tendered their services. The state force was oreanized in 
two divisions, to the command of the first of which Maj. Gen. Isaac 
Morrell was appointed, and to the second Maj. Gen. Adamson Tan- 
nehill. Gunboats and ])rivateers were built in the harbor of Erie and 
on the Delaware, and the defenses upon the latter were put in order, 
and suitable armaments provided. The act which created most alarm 
to Pennsylvania was one of vandalism scarcely matched in the annals 
of warfare. In August, 1814, Gen. Eoss, with six thousand men in a 
flotilla of sixty sails, moved up Chesapeake Bay, tired the capitol. 
President's house and the various offices of cabinet ministers, ami tliese 
costly and substantial buildings, the national library and all the records 
of the government from its foundation wei'e utterly destroyed. Shortly 
aftei'ward, Poss appeared before I'altimore witii the design of multi- 
plying his l)arbarisms, but he was met by a force hastily collected 
under (tcu. Samuel Smith, a Pennsylvania veteran of the revolution, 
and in the brief engagement which ensued Iloss was killed. In the 
severe battle with the corps of Gen. Strieker, the British lost some 
three hundred men. The fleet in the meantime opened a tierce bom- 
bardment of Fort McHenry, and during the day and ensuing night 
1,500 bombshells were thrown, Init all to no purpose, the gallant 
defense of Maj. Armistead proving successful. It was during this 
awful night that Maj. Key, who was a prisoner on boai'd the fleet, 
wrote the song of the Star Spangled Banner, wliicii became the national 
lyric. It was in the administration of Gov. Snyder in February. 1810, 
that an act was passed making Ilarrisburg the seat of government, and 
a commission raised for ei'ecting public buildings, the sessions of the 
legislature Ijeing held in the court house at IIarrisl)Ui'g li'om 1812 to 

Tlie atlministrations of William Findley. elected in 1817, Joseph 
lleistei", in 1820, and John Andi-ew Schuiz, in 1823, followed witliout 
marked events. Parties became very warm in their discussions and in 
tlieir management of political campaigns. The charters for the forty 
banks which had been jiassed in a tit of frenzy over the veto of Gov. 
Snyder set a, Hood of })aper money afloat. The jiublic improvements, 
pi'incipally in opening lines of canal, wei'e pi-osecuted, and vast debts 
incurred. These lines of conveyances were vitally needful to move tiie 
immense products and vast resources of the state. 

Previous to the year 1820, little use was made of stone coal. 


Judge Obediah Gore, a Ijlacksniitli, used it u])oh his t'oi'ge as early as 
1769, and found the heat stronger and moi-e enduring tlian that pro- 
duced by charcoal. In 1791, Phillip Ginter, of Carbon county, a 
hunter by profession, having on one occasion been out all day without 
discovering any game, was returning at night discouraged and worn 
out, across the Mauch Chunlc mountain when, in the gathering shades 
he stumbled upon something which seemed to have a glistening 
appearance, that he was induced to pick u|i and carry iiome. This 
specimen was taken to Philadelphia, where an analysis showed it to 
be a good quality of anthracite coal. But, though coal was knoAvn to 
exist, no one knew li((\v to use it. In 1812, Col. George Shoemaker, 
of Schuylkill county, took nine Avagon loads to Philadelphia. But he 
was looked upon as an impostor for attempting to sell wortliless stone 
for coal. He finally sold two loads for the cost of transportation, the 
remaining seven proving a complete loss. In 1812, White & Hazard, 
manufacturers of wii-e at the Falls of Schuylkill, induced an applica- 
tion to be made to the legislature to incor]">orate a company for the 
improvement of the Schuylkill, urging as an inducement the importance 
it would have for transporting coal; whereupon, the senator from that 
district, in his place, with an air of knowledge, asserted that''thei'e 
was nij coal there, that there was a kintl of JiUirl- stone which was called 
coal, but that it would not i)urn." 

White k Hazard procured a cart-load ot Lehigii coal tliat cost 
them $1 a bushel, which was all wasted in a vain attem])t to make it 
ignite. Another cart-loatl was obtained, and a> whole night spent in 
endeavoring to make a fire in the furnace, when the hands shut the 
furnace door and left the mill in despair. "Fortunately one of them 
left his jacket in tiie mill, and returning for it in about half an hour, 
noticed that the door was red hot, and upon opening it, was surprised 
at finding the whole furnace at a glowino: white heat. The other 
liands were summoned, and four separate parcels of iron were heated 
and rolled by the same fire before it required renewing. The furnace 
was i-eplenished, and as letting it alone had succeeded so well, it was 
concluded to try it again, and the experiment was repeated with the 
same result. The Lehigh N;ivigation Company and the Lehigh Coal 
Company were incorporated in 1818, wliich companies became the basis 
of the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company, inc(ir])(_)rated in 1822. 
In 1820. coal was sent to Philadelphia Ijy artificial navigation, but 
three hnndi'ed and sixty-five tons glutted the market." In 1825, there 
were brouu'lit Ijv tiie Schuvliall ^\\q. thousand thi'ee hundred and 


seveiitv-eii^iit tons. In 182*!. l)y tlie Scliuylkill. sixteen tlionsnnd two 
hun(ln>(l and sixty-five tons, anil by the J^ehigh tiiirty-one thousand 
two hunih'ed and eighty tons. The stage of water being insutticieiit, 
dams and shiiees were constructed near JMaueli Cluink, in 1810, by 
which the navigation was improved. Tlie coal boats used were great 
square arks, sixteen to eighteen feet wide, and twenty to twenty-five 
feet long. At first, two of these were joined together by hinges, to 
allow them to yield uj) and down in passing over the dams. Finally 
as the boatmen became skilled in the navigation, several were joined, 
attaining a length of one hundred and eighty feet. 

After reacliing Philadelphia, these boats were taken to ])ieces, the 
plank sold and the liinges sent back for constructing others. Such 
were the crude methods adopted in the early days for bringing coal to 
a market. In 1827, a railroad was commenced, which was completed 
in three months, nine miles in length. This, with the exception of one 
at Ciuincy, Mass., of foui' miles, built in 1826, was the first constructed 
in the United States. The descent was one hundred feet per mile, and 
the coal descended by gravity in a half hour, and the cars were drawn 
back by mules, wliich rode down with the coal. I'ituminous coal Avas 
discovered and its qualities utili/.ed not much earlier than the anthra- 
cite. A tract of coal land was taken up in Clearfield county in 178,'). 
by Mr. S. Boyd, and in ISOi he sent an ark down the Susquehanna to 

During the administrations of George Wolf, elected in 1829, and 
Joseph IJitncr, elected in 1835, a measure of great beneficence to tiie 
state was ])assed ami brought into a good degree of successful oper- 
ation — nothing less than a broad system of public education. Schools 
bad been early established in Philadelphia, and parochial schools in the 
more ])opulous portions of the? state from the time of early settle, 
ment. In 17-i9, through the inflnence of Dr. Franklin, a charter was 
obtained for a "'college, academy, and charity school of Pennsylvania," 
and from this time to the beginning of the present century, the friends 
of education were earnest in establishing colleges, the colonial govern- 
ment, and afterward the legislature, making liberal grants from the 
revenues accruing from the sale of lands for their su()port. the univer. 
sitv of Pennsylvania being chartered in 1752, Dickinson college in 1783, 
Fianklin and ^Marshall college in 1787, and Jefferson college in 1802. 
Commencing near the beginning of this century, and continuing for 
over a period of thirty years, vigorous exertions were put forth to 
establish countv ac-ademies. Charters were granted for these institu- 


tions ;it the county seats of forty-one counties, and ap]iro]iriations 
were made of money, varyiiii;- fi'om two thousand to six tiiousand 
dollars, and in several instances of quite extensive land grants. In 
1809, an act was passed for the education of the ''poor, gratis." The 
assessors in their annual rounds were to make a record of all such as 
were indigent, and pay for their education in the most convenient 
schools. But few were found among the spirited inhabitants of the 
commonwealth willing to admit that they were so ])0(ir as to be 
objects of charity. 

By the act of April 1, 1834, a, general system of education by 
common schools was established. Unfortunately it was complex and 
unwieldy. At the next session an attempt was made to rejieal it, and 
sui)stitute the old law of 18li9, for eilucating the "poor, gratis," the 
repeal having been carried in the Senate. But through the appeals of 
Thaddeus Stevens, a mati always in tlie van in every movement for the 
elevation of mankind, this was defeated. At the next session, 1836, 
an entirely new liill, discarding the olijectionable features of the old 
one, was prepared by Dr George Smith, of Delaware county, and 
adopted, and from this time forward it has been in efficient operation. 
In 1854, the system was improved by engrafting upon it the featui'e of 
the county superintendency, and in 1859 by providing for the establish- 
ment of twelve normal schools in as many districts into which the 
state was divided, for the professional training of teachers. 

In 1837, a convention assembled in Harrisburg, and subsequently 
in Philadelphia, for revising the constitution, which revision was 
adopted by a vote of the people. One of the chief objects of tlie 
change was the breaking up of what was knoAvn as "omnibus legis- 
lation." each bill being required to have but one distinct subject, to be 
definitely stated in the title. Much of the patronage of the governor 
was taken from him, and he was allowed but two terms of three years 
in any nine years. The senator's term was fixed at three years. The 
terms of supreme court judges were limited to fifteen vears, common 
pleas judges to ten, and associate judges to five. A step backward 
was taken in limiting suffrage to white male citizens twenty-one years 
old, it having ]ireviously been extended to citizens irres)iective of color. 
Amemlments could bi- pi-opcised once in five years, and if adopted b\' 
two successive legislatvires, and approved by a vote of the people, 
they became a part of the organic law. 

At the opening of the gubernatorial tei-m of David li. Porter, 
who was chosen in Octobei", 1838, a civil commotion occurred known as 


the Buckshot War. \Yhich at one time thi'eatened a sanguinary i-esiilt. 
Fraud in the election returns was alleged, and finally the opposing 
factions armed for tlie maintenance of their claims. Some of them 
Avere supplied with hucl-nhot cartridges, hence the name which was 
given to the contest. It ended without bloodshed. 

Francis R. Shunk was chosen governor in 1845, and dui'ing his 
term of office the war with Mexico occuri-ed. Two volunteer regi- 
ments, one under command of Col. Wynkoop, and the. other under 
Col. Koberts, subsequently Col. J<jhn W. Geary, were sent to the field, 
while the services of a much larger number were offered, but could not 
be received. Toward the close of his first term, having been reduced 
by sickness, and feeling his end approaching, Gov. Shunk, resigned, 
and was succeeded b\^ the Speaker of the Senate, William F. Johnston^ 
who was duly chosen at the next annual election. During the admin- 
istrations of William Bigler. elected in 1851, James Pollock, in 1854, 
and William F. Packer, in 1857, httle beyond the ortlinary course of 
events marked the history of the state. The lines of public works 
undertaken at the ex])ense of the state were completed. Their 
had been enormous, and a debt was ])iled up against it of over forty 
million dollars. These works, vastly expensive, were still to o])erate 
aiul Iceep in re])air, and the revenues therefrom failing to meet expec- 
tations, it was determined in the administi'ation of Gov. Pollock to sell 
them to the h.ighest bidder, the Pennsylvania Railroad Company ]>ur- 
chasing them for the sum of seven million five hundred thousand 

In the administration of Gov. Packer, petroleum was first dis- 
covered in quantities in this country by boring into the bowels of the 
earth. From the earliest settlement of the country it was known to 
exist, and it hiid i>een gathered in small (juantities and utili/.ed for 
various purposes. 

In 1859, Mr. E. L. Drake, at first representing a conii)any in Xew 
York, commenced drilling near a spot where there were surface indi- 
cations; and when the company would give him no more money, he 
strained his own resources and Ins credit with his friends almost to the 
breaking point, and when about to give uj) in despaii' iiiially struck a 
powerful current of ]mre oil. From this time forward, the teri'itory down 
the valley of Oil Creek and up all its trilnitaries was rapidly actpiired 
and developed for oil land. In some places th(^ oil was sent u]) with 
immense force, at the rate of thousands of barrels each day, and great 
trouble was experienced in bringing it under control and storing it. 


In some eases, the force of the gas was so powiTfiil nii l)eing arciden- 
tally tired, as to defy all approacii for iiKiiiy days, and lighted np the 
forests at night with billows of light. 

Tije oil lias been found in })a3'ing ciuantities in IMeKean, Warren, 
Forest, Ci'awford, Venango, Clarion, Butler and Armstrong counties, 
chiefly along the upper waters of the Allegheny r'iver and its tribu- 
tary, the Oil creek. Its transportation has come to be effecteil by 
forcing it through great pipe lines, which extend to the great lakes 
and the seaboard. Its production has grown to be enonnons. Since 
1859, a grand total of more than three hundred millions of barrels 
liave been produced m the Pennsylvania oil fields. 

In the fall of ISOO, Andrew G. Curtin was elected governor of 
Pennsylvania, and Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States. 
The war of the great rebellion followed, and in tlie spring of 1861, 
Pennsylvania was called on for sixteen regiments; her quota of the 
75,000 volunteers that were summoned by proclamation of the Presi- 

Instead of sixteen, twenty-five regiments were organized for the 
three months' service from Pennsvlvania. Judging from the threaten 
ingattitude assumed by the rebels across the Potomac that the soutliern 
frontier would be constantly menaced. Gov. Curtin sought permission 
to organize a select corps, to consist of thirteen regiments of infantry, 
one of cavalry, and one of artillery, and to be known as the Pennsyl- 
vania reserve corps, which the legislature, in special session, grantetl. 
This corps of fifteen thousand men was speedily raised, and the inten- 
tion of the state authorities was to keep this body permanently within 
the limits of the commonwealth for defense. But at the time of the 
first Bull Run disaster in July, 1861, the national government found 
itself without troops to even defend the capital, the time of the three 
months' men being now, about to expire, and at its urgent call this tine 
body was sent forward and never again returned for the execution (if 
the duty for which it was formed, having borne the brunt of the Hglit- 
ing on manv a hai'd-fought field during the three vears of its service. 

In addition to the volunteer troops furnislied in response to the 
several calls of the President, upon the occasion of the reliel invasion 
of Maryland in September, 1862, Gov. Curtin called fifty thousand men 
for the emergency, and though the time was very brief, twenty-five 
thousand came, were organized under command of Gen. John F. 
Reynolds, and were marched to the border. lUit the battle of Antietam, 
fought on the 1 7th of Septemijer, caused the enemy to beat a hast\' retreat 


and the border was relieved, when the enieroency troops were disbanded 
and returned to their liomes. On the 19th of October, Gen. J. E. B. 
Stewart, of the rebel army, with 1,S00 horsemen under command of 
Hampton, Lee and Jones, crossed the Potomac and made directly for 
Chambersburg, arriving after dark. Not waiting for morning to attack, 
he sent in a Hag of truce demanding the surrender of the town. There 
were two hundred and seventy-live union soldiers in hospital, wliom he 
paroled. During the night, the troopers were busy picking up horses — 
swapping horses ])erhaps it should be called — and the morning saw them 
early on the move. The rear guard gave notice before leaving to remove 
all families from the neighborhood of the pui)lic buildings, as they 
intended to tire them. There was a large amount of fixed ammunition 
ill tliem, which had been captured from Longstreet's train, besides 
government stores of shoes, clothing and muskets. At 11 o'clock the 
station house, roundhouse, railroad machine shops ami warehouses 
were fired and consigned to destruction. The fire department was 
promptly out; but it was dangerous toaii])roach the burning buildings 
on account of the ammunition, and all perished. 

The year 1S62 was one of intense excitement and activity. From 
about the 1st of May, 1801, to the end of 18(32, there were recruited in 
the state of Pennsylvania one hundred and eleven regiments, including 
eleven of cavahy and three of artillery, for three years' service ; 
twenty-five regiments for three months; seventeen for nine months; 
fifteen of drafted militia, and twenty-five called out for the emergency; 
an aggregate of one hundred and ninet3--three regiments — a grand 
total of over two hundred thousand men — a great army in itself. 

In June, 1863, Gen. Tlobert E. Lee, with his entire army of North- 
ern Virginia, invaded Pennsylvania. The Army of the Potomac, under 
Gen. Josejih Hooker, followed. The latter was superseded on the 2>itli 
of June by Gen. George G. Meade. The vanguards of the army met a 
mile or so out of Gettysburg on the Chambersburg pike on the morn 
ing of the 1st of July. Hill's corps of the rebel army was held in 
check by the sturdy fighting of a small division of cavalry under Gen. 
Buford until 10 o'clock, when Gen. Beynolds came to his relief with the 
first corps. While bringing his forces into action, Reynolds was killed, 
and tlie command devolved on Gen. Abner Doubleday, and the fighting 
became terrible, the union forces beino' oreativ outnumbered. At 2 
o'clock in the afternoon, the eleventh corps. Gen. O. O. Howard, came 
to the support of the first. I3ut now the corps of Ewell had joined 
hands with Hill, and a full two-thirds of the entire rebel army was on 


the iiekl. op|i(>sed hy only the two weak union corps, in an inferior 
position. A sturdy tiglit was however maintaineil until 5 o'clock, 
when the union forces withdrew thi'ougii tlie town, and took position 
upon rising ground covering tiie Ilaltiniore pike. During the night the 
entire union army came uj). witli tlie exception of the sixth corps, and 
took position, and at 2 o'clock in tiie morning (-ren. Meade and staff 
came on the field. During tiie morning hours, and until -t o'clock in 
the afternoon, the two armies were getting into position for the desper- 
ate strtiggle. The third corps. -Gen. Sickles, occupied tiie extreme left, 
his corps abutting on the Little Round Top at the Devil's Den, and 
reaching, en echelon, through the rugged ground to the Peach Orchard, 
and thence along the Emmitsburg pike, where it joined tlie second corps, 
Gen. Hancock, reaching over Cemetery Hill, the eleventh corps, Gen. 
Howard, the tirst, Gen. Doubleday. and the twelfth, Gen. Slocura, 
reaching across Gulp's Hill — the wliole crescent shape. To this forma- 
tion the rebel arm\" conformed. Longstreet opposite the union left. Hill 
op]iosite the center, and Ewell o})posite the union right. At 4- r. ii. 
the battle was opened by Longstreet. on the extreme left of Sickles, 
and the fighting became terrific, the i-eliels making strenuous efforts to 
gain Little liound Top. But at the opportune moment a part of the 
fifth corps. Gen. Svkes, was brought upon that key position, and it 
was saved to the union side. Tlie shuigliter in fi'ont of Round Top at 
the wheat-field and the Peach Orchard was fearful. The third corps 
was driven back from its advanced jiosition. and its commander. Gen. 
Sickles, was wounded, losing a leg. In a more contracted position, the 
union line was made secure, where it rested for the night. Just at 
dusk, the Louisiana Tigers, some 1.800 men. made a desperate charge 
on C'enietery Hill, emerging suddenly from a hillock just back of the 
town. The struggle was desperate, but the Tigers being weakened by 
the fire of the artiller\',, and by the infantiy crouching behind the stone 
wall, the onset was checked, and Cari-oH's brigade, of the second corps, 
coming to the rescue, tiiev were finallv beaten back, terriblv decimated. 
At about the same time, a portion of Ewell's corps made an advance on 
the extreme union right, at a point where tlie troops had been with- 
drawn to send to the support of Sickles, and, unoi)posed, gamed the 
extremity of Gulp's Hill, ])usliing through nearly to the Baltimore pike, 
in dangerous proximity to the reserve ai'tillery and trains, and even the 
headquarters of the union commander. But in their attempt to roll 
up the union right tliey were met by Green's brigade of the twelfth 
■corps, and liy desjierate figiiting their further jn-ogress was stayetl. 


Tims ended the battle of the second day. Tiie union left ;ind right 
had been sorely jammed and pnshed back. 

At 4 o'clock on the morninii- of the 3d of .luly, Gen. Geary, wiio 
had been ordcrd away to the support of Sickles, having returned during 
the night and taken a position on the right of Gi'een, opened the battle 
for the recovery of his lost bi'eastworks on the right of Gulp's Hill. 
Until 10 o'clock the battle raged with unabated fury. The heat was 
intolerable, and the sulpliurous vai)or liung like a pall over the com- 
batants, shutting out the light of day. The lighting was in the nndst 
of the forest, and the echoes resounded with fearful distinctness. The 
twelfth corps was supported by poilions of the sixth, which had now 
come up. At length the enemy, weakened and finding themselves- 
overborne on all sides, gave way, and the union breastworks were 
reoccupied and the union right made entirely secure. Comparative 
quiet now reigned on either side until 2 o'clock in the afternoon, in 
the meantime both sides bringing up fresh troops and repairing dam- 
ages. The rebel leader having brought liis best available artdlerv in 
upon his right center, suddenly opened with one hundred and tifty 
|)ieces a concentric tire upon the devoted union left center, where stood 
the troo[>s of Hancock-, Doubleday and Sickles. The shock was ter- 
rible, liarely has such a cannonade been known on any field. For 
nearly two hours it was continueil. Thiidcing that the union line had 
been bi'oken and denu)raliz('d by this tire. Longstreet brought out a 
fi-esh coi'psof some fourteen thousand men. under Pickett, anil chai'ged 
fidl upon the point which had been the mark for the cannonade. As- 
soon as this charging column came into view, the union artillerv 
opened ui)on it from right ami left and center, and rent it with fearful 
ell'ect. When come within musket range, the union troops, who had 
been crouching behind slight pits and a low stone wall, poured in a 
nu:)st murderous fire. Still the rebels pushed forward with a bold face, 
and actually crossed the union lines and had their hands on the union 
guns. Ihit the slaughter was too terrible to withstand. The killed 
and wounded lay scattered over all the plain. ]\[any wei-e gathered 
in as prisoners. Finally the remnant staggered back, and the battle 
of Gettysburg was at an end. 

So soon as indications pointed to a possible invasion of the Xorth 
by the rebel army under Gen. Lee. the state of Pennsylvania was 
organized in two military departments, that of the Sus<piehanna. to 
the command of which Darius X. Courli was assigned, with head- 
quarters at llarrisburg, and that of the Moiiongahela, under W. T. H. 
Brooks, with headquarters at Pittsburgh. Urgent calls for the militia 


were iiiiule, and large iiuiiiljei'sin regiments, in c<impanies, in scpiadrons, 
came promptly at the call to the number of ovei' thirty-six thousand 
men, who were organized for a period of ninety days. Fortifications 
were thrown up to cover Ilarrisburg and Pittsburgii, and the troops 
were moved to threatened points. But before they could l)e Ijrought 
into action, the great decisive conflict had been fought, and the enemy 
driven from northern soil. Four regiments under Gen. lirooks were 
moved into Ohio to aid in arresting a. raid un<lerta,iven by John Morgan, 
who with two thousand horse and foui' guns had crossed the Ohio- 
river for a diversion in favor of Lee. 

In the beginning of July, 18<')-f, Gen. Early invaded I\[aryla,n(l, and 
made his way to the tiireshold of "Washington. Fearing another 
invasion of the state, Gov. Curtin Ciilled for volunteers to serve for one 
hundi'cil (lays. Gen. Couch was still at the head of the depar'tment of 
the Sus(]uehanna, and six regiments and six companies were organized, 
but as fast as organized they were called to the front, the last regiment 
leaving the state on the 29th of .luly. On the evening of this day, 
Gens. IVfcCausland, Jiradley Johnson and Ilarry Gilmore. with three 
thousand mounted men and six guns, crossed the Potomac, and made 
their way to Chambersburg. Another column of three thousand, 
under Vaughn and Jackson advanced to Hagerstown, and a third to 
Leitersbui'g. Averell, with a small force, was at Hagerstown, but find- 
ing himself over-matched, withdrew through Greencastle to Mount 
Hope. Lieut. McLean, with fifty men in front of McCausland, 
gallantly kept his face to the foe, and checked the advance at every 
favorable point. On being apprised of their coming, the public stores 
at Chambersburg were moved northward. At six a. m. McCausland 
opened his batteries upon the town, but, lintling it unjirotected, took 
possession. Kinging the court house bell to call the })eople together, 
Capt. Fitzhngh read an order to the assembly, signed by Gen. Jubal 
Earlv, directing thecommand to proceed to Chaml)ersl)nrg and demand 
one hundred thousand dollai's in gold, or fiveiiundred thousand dollars 
in greenbacks, and if not paid, to burn the town. While this ]>arley 
was in ju-ogress, hats, caps, b(;ots, \va,tches, clothing and valuables were 
unceremoniously ajjpropriated, and purses demanded at the point of 
the ijayonet. As money was not in hand to meet so unexpected a 
draft, the torch was lighted. In less than a quarter of an hour fi-om the 
time the first match was applied, the whole business j)art of the town was 
in flames. Burning parties were sent into each quartei- of the town, 
which made thorough worlc. With the exception of a few houses U])on 


the outskirts, tlie wliole was laid in ruins. Tletiring- i'a))idly,tlie entu'e 
rebel rommand I'ocrossod the Potomac before any adequate force could 
be iiuthert'd to check its iiroijress. 

Tlic wiiole iuinil)er of soldiers recruited under the various calls 
for troops from the state of Pennsylvania was three hundred and sixty- 
six thousand. 

In May, 1861, the Society of the Cincinnati of Pennsylvania, an 
<)r<;-anization of the officei's of the KevolutionaiT war and their ilescend- 
ants, donated five hundred dollars toward arming and equipping troops. 

By order of the legishiture the sum was devoted to procuring flags 
for the regiments, and each organization tha^ went forth was provided 
with one emblazoned with the arms of the commonwealth. These 
flag's, seamed and battle-stained, were returned at the close of the war, 
and are now preserved in a room devoted to the pur])ose in the state 
capitol — precious emblems of the daring and suffering of that great 
army that went forth to uphold and maintain the integrity of the 

When the war was over, the state undertook the charge of pro- 
viding for all soldiers' orphans in schools located in ditferent parts of 
the territory, furnished food, clothing, instruction and cai'e, until they 
should be grown to manhood and womanhood. The number thus 
o-athered and cared for has been some seven thousand five lumdred 
annually, for a period of nineteen years, at an average annual expense 
of some six hundred thousand dollars. 

At the election in ISOG, John W. Geary, a veteran general of the 
late war, was chosen governor. Durinof his administration, settlements 
were made with the general government, extraordinarv debts incurred 
during the war were paid, and a large reduction of the old debt of 
f-iO, 000,000 inherited from the construction of the canals, was made. 
A convention for a revision of the constitution was ordered by Act 
of April 11, 1872. This convention assembled inHarrisburg November 
13, and adjourned to meet in Philadelphia, where it convened on the 
7th of January, 1873, and the instrument framed was adopted on the 
ISth of December, 1873. By its provisions the number of senators 
was increased from thirty-three to fifty, and representatives from 100 
to 201, subject to further increase in proportion to increase of popular 
tion ; biennial, in place of annual sessions ; making the term of supreme 
court judges twenty-one in place of fifteen years; remanding- a large 
class of legislation to the action of the courts; making the term of 
governor four years in place of three, and |)r()iiibitings]iecial legislation, 
were some of the changes provided for. 


111 .laiuKii'v, 1873. John F. ilartranft beciiine^'overnor, and at the 
election in 1S7S, Henry F. Hoyt was chosen governor, both soldiers of 
the late war. In the summer of 1877, by concert of action of the 
emjiloyes on the several lines of railway in the state, trains were sto|)ped 
and travel and trailic were interrupted for several days together. At 
Pittsburgh, ccjuHictsoccurred between the railroad men and the militia, 
and ii vast amount of property was destroyed. The opposition to tiie 
local militai'v was too powerful to be conti'olled, and the national 
government was a.p})ealed to for aid. A force of regulars was prom])tly 
ordered out, and the rioters finally quelled. Unfortunately, Governor 
Hartranft was absent from the state at the time of the trouljles. 

At the election in 18S2 Eobert E. Fattison was chosen governor 
The legislature which met at the oj)ening of 1883, having adjourned 
after a session of 1.5() days, without passing a congressional apportion- 
ment bill, as was I'equired, was immediately reconvened in extra session 
by the governor, and remained in session until near the close of the 
year, from June 1 to December 5, without comingto an agreement upon 
a bill, and linally adjourned without having passed one. This pro- 
tracted sitting is in marked contrast to the session of that early assem- 
bly in which an entire constitution and laws of the province were 
framed and adopted in the space of three days. 

Novemijer 2, ISSfi. James A. Beaver was elected y-overnor. 



Location — Boundaries — Drainage — Raccoon and Lake — View of the 
County by To\vnships — GKoi.or.iCAi, Features — Climate — Yegk- 


BEA^'ER county is located in the western part of tlie state along 
the Ohio line. At the date of its formation, March 12, 1800, its 
boundaries were: North bv Mercer county, east l)y Butler, south- 
east by Allegheny, south by Washington, and west by the states of 
Yirginia and Ohio. Then its tlimensions were: Length ?A miles 
breadth 19, area 646 square miles, or 413,440 acres. 

Since the formation of Lawrence county the northern boundary 
has been changed to Lawrence, and since the exigencies of war divided 
Yirginia, one of Beaver county's western neighbors is known as "West 
Yirginia, or the "Pan Handle." Its area has been reduced to 452 
square miles, with an acreage of 289,280. 

The drainage of the county is of the most perfect character. With 
the Ohio, Za Belle Hiviere, " the beautiful river, "' and its trii)utaries, no 
more complete system could be conceived. With two mighty arms, 
the Ohio reaches out at right angles at Pittsburgh into different regions 
of the state, and collects both clear and muddy water, filled with rich 
materials, and, with generous intent, hastens to bear them with 
valuable accessions at every ])oint to the bosom of the mighty Father 
of Waters, who distributes them generously on his pathway to the sea. 
Ai)Out once every two decades this Ijeautiful river feels strong enough 
to become majestic, and to remind man of his dependence upon the 
kindly offices of the ever on-flowing stream. Such periods become 
seasons of as much terror, as the shallow current in summer and 
autumnbecomestiie occasion of serious complaint by those who depend 
upon the deposits of the carboniferous age for light and heat during the 
appi'oaching winter. 


ijkavp:r c'orNTY. 61 

Tlie (Jliio is not a, seltisli sti-eaiii. Froiii tlic " south side" Haceooii 
•creek, named in lionor of tin' t-nnnini;- animal u-jio at an eai-lv date 
infested tlie b;inks of the stream, poiii's a volume of water that is not to 
be despised. It is n stream which attracted the attention of the Father 
of His f'onntry in 177<' l)ecause of the fertile lands which it drains. 
Farther down. Mill creek, with its sevei'al branches, makes a yeiiei"(jus 

Dn the noi'tli side. P)ig Beaver river, burdened witli histoi'ic asso- 
ciations an<l fieighted with menioi-ies that sluill yet touch theelocjuent 
pen of some descrii)tive muse, contributes liberally what has been 
bestowed by the Coneijuenissing and Slippery Kock, Neshannock and 
Otter creek, Shenango and ]\Iahoning rivers. All the northwestern 
portion of the state, and a portion even of the Buckeye state, are laid 
under contribution to swell the donation to the beautiful Ohio, each 
.spring and rivulet and creek and I'iver being content to do the best 
it can in the premises. A volume would not suffice to recount the 
incidents, natural and historic, connected with Big Beaver. Indian 
legendis. the adventures of white peo])le. the business ventures and suc- 
cesses, the thi'iving villages and towns built up, the efforts at locomo- 
tion l)y both water and rail — these would be interesting and enter- 

But Big Beaver justly implies a Little Beaver somewhei'e. Hav- 
ing conceded to its larger sister the right to select good territory for 
drainage and to make the first contribution to the Ohio, Little Beaver 
comes in with a generous supply of water obtained frr^m the north and 
northwest part of Beaver county, and with apparent partiality for the 
Keystone state, enters the Ohio just at the state line; Little Beaver, 
too, has many friends who willingly assist in the generous benefactions 
the same receives, and send them on their wa\' rejoicing. 

The surface of the county is generally undulating, bordering on 
the hilly. Along the two main rivei'S, high hills lift their heads to sur- 
vey the activity in the waters rushing along at their bases, and to 
afford the n^ost enclninting landscaj)e views to be witnessed anywhere. 
What was said by Jetfersorf concerning the views at Plarper's Ferry, 
— " To witness the grand sights liere presented is well worth a trip 
across the ocean " — may be applied with equal propriety to the scenery 
along the Ohio and Big Beaver. 

Thomas F. Gordon published, at Philadelphia, in 1832, T/ie Gazette 

of I'friiis;/]i-i(ni(i, in which he gave the following statistical table. 




Townships, etc. ^'''^ '° 


Beavei-, North 23080 

Beaver, Biej , 172SO 

Beaver, Little 25000 

Beaver, South ' 1T930 

Beaver, IJorouah 

Brighton......'. 17280 

Chippewa l.iSOO 


Greene 23GS0 


Hanover" 24900 

Hopewell 22400 

Moon 23080 

Ohio 19840 

Shenango 37120 

Sewiekle\ . New 

Sewicklev, North 47300 



Son.. j^y^ 






Loam. Lime 932 





do 702 


1 243 



do 1379 





do 13r,l 





Alluvial 420 





Loam, Lime 













Loam 124.5 









Loam, Lime 1090 






















Loam. Lime 












Loam, Lime 






15340 24200 


The geological features of the county are comparatively simple. 
The Ohio river makes, near the center of tiie county, a great sharp 
bend to the west at almost right angles. At the apex of this angle 
enters Big Beaver, after cutting a long straight gorge througii nearly 
horizontal Pottsville conglomerate massive sand-rock strata, which 
support an upland of lower productive coal measures, the most valuable 
layers of which are the Freeport and Kittanning coal Ijeds, the fer- 
riferous limestone and the Clarion fire-clay. 

All the hill-tops north of the Ohio are of the barren measures. South 
of the river, six hundred feet of the same formation exist. In a few 
of the highest hill-tops near the AVashington county line, fragments of 
the Pittsburgh coal beds yet remain. At Freedom, on the Ohio, 
appears, above water level, tiie outcrop of ferriferous lime-stone which 
extends d;;wn the Ohio ami up the Big Beaver to tlie county lines ; 
also up the Conequenissing creek three miles. At Darlington, the 
middle Kittanning coal is about twenty feet thick, a ]iortion of the 
roof sliiile htiving been converted into n good quality of cannel coal. 
Prior to the discovery of petroleum in 1859, oil was maiuit'aclured from 
these shales. To the keen eye of Hon. Ira F. Mansfield, they revealed 
a large number of most beautiful ))lant forms, and even animal fossils. 

The northwestern corner of the county is covered with glacial 
drift, the great terminal moraine passing north of New Galilee along 
the highland north of Little Beaver. It is maintained bv scientific 


investigat(^i's that (Uiriiii;- the existence of the Cincinnati ice-dam, the 
drift materials were swept into the deep siaclc-water pools of the Ohio 
and Beaver valleys, evidences of the deposit having been jireserved in 
four lines of gravel, sand, and brick-clay terraces, at heights of 30, 80, 
125 and 215 feet above the river bet! at New Brighton. The same 
marks may be seen, but not so perfectly, in the gravel beds adjoining 
the railroad curve at Rochester. 

The climate is subject to great extremes of heat and cold, drouth 
and rain. In another pai-t of this work (Chapter V.), an account is given 
of the periodical floods that hav(? inundated the two valleys. Equal 
extremes in the matter of snow-falls liave occuri'ed. The winter of 
1799 was reiuai-kahle in this resjiect. Snow began to fall <m Fritlay 
evening and continued without interruption until Monda-y morning, 
when a depth of tliree fget was reached. Deer and other wild animals 
died from starvation. 

Januai'v 19, iJSlO, was the coldest day in the recollection of the 
oldest inhabitant. Many cattle were frozen to death. 

February -i, 1817, was the deepest snow ]ii'i'iod in the recollection 
of wiiite inhabitants. It attained a depth of three and one-half to four 
feet. Teams were driven at will through fields, all roads and fences 
being concealed. AVild bii'ds and animals perished in vast numbers. 

The summer of 1854 was noted for its droutli ; the winter of 
1855-56 for its deep snow and cold weather. Tlie winter of 1875-76 
was remai'kably warm, the mercury on New Year's day being about 
70 degi'ees. 

Tlie year 1795 was remarkalile for the swarms of locusts. They 
remained for six weeks. They made their appearance again in 1812, 
1829, ISttfJ, 1^63 and 1880, every seventeen years. 

In 180G, Thomas Ashe, an intelligent Englishmen, made extensive 
li'avels through the United States. He passed down the Ohio, and 
made observations as to its plants, which he subsequently published in 
London. He grouped these plants into four classes: Medicinal, escu- 
lent, ornamental, and useful. 

1. Med/'cinal — Knotgrass, lobelia, Jamestown weed, mallow, pleu- 
risy root, Virginia snake root, gentian, ginseng and tobacco. 

2. Esculent — Jerusalem artichoke, ])otatoes, Indian millet, wild 
oat, wild pea, lupine, wild hop, wild plum, crab apple, red mulberry, 
persimmon, sugar maple, scaly-bark hickory, pecan, black walnut, 
white walnut, chestnut, hazel, chin(piapin, grape, strawberry, whortle- 


berry, raspberrj^ blackberry, dewberry, maize, round potato. j)unipkiii 
and squash. The tomato was then unknown. 

3. 0)'namentiil — Phme tree. po])lar, aspen, linilcn. maple, horse 
chestniit, catalpa. unihrcila. laurel, sassalVas. locust, (lo^'-wooil. snow- 
drop, red-bud, lu)]ly, liawtiiorn, ever<^reen, elder, papaw, myrtle, ivy. 
honeysuckle, jasmine, iiloe, sumac, poke. elm. and iont;' moss. 

-t. Usef^d for fabrics, etc. — Reed, lienip. Ilax, ])ine. arlxu- vita\ 
jnni|)er. cypi'ess, cedar, oak (black, wliite. red, willow, chestnut, black- 
jack, ground and live), biivli, beech, ash, elm, hickory, willow, and 
sweet gum. 

It will be discovered that he omitted some impoi-tant vegetables 
of the latter dav, whose names will readily suo'^est themselves to the 
intelligent i-eader. 

A careful survey of this region will convijice the reflecting mind 
that Beaver county presents many strong inducements for its inhabi- 
tants to remain, and, obe3'ing the natural laws of physical being, enjoy 
tlu> i)rospects of a hapity old age. 

• '-^<^ 




Map of IT'Jl — Lndians of tiik Ohio Valley — Tmc Walking Purchase 
— Early Indian Names — The French Claim to the Ohio Valley 
• — The Claim of the English — The Ohio Company — Expedition 
OF Celeron — Treaties with the Indians — Journey of Christian 
Frederick Post — Indian Council at Salt Spring — Siege of Fort 
Pitt — Defeat of the Indians at Bushy Run. 

IN 1721, a very innocent looking map was published in London, 
Eiig., combining and exliil)iting the results of the French explo- 
rations in America. Harmless in a])i)earance as it was it ulti- 
mately, by its claims and pretensions, inaugurated a contest, involving 
the supreme question, whether the Norman or Saxon should con- 
trol the destiny of this country; for the nation or power that could 
seize and hold the valley of the Mississippi, was master of the con- 
inent, and no man in a later day was more keenly alive to this fact 
than Aaron Burr. The publication purported to be a map of Louis- 
iana, upon which the Ohio and Missouri were properly placed, and 
the Mississippi occupietl the center, described l)v the striking meta- 
phor as having its head in the lakes, its feet in the gulf, and with either 
arm grasping the AUegiieny and Rocky mountains. LTpon the ridges 
of these mountains, as marking his domain, the Frenchman proposed 
to erect the g(jd Terminus, never to be thrown down, and including a 
scope of country that in the life-time of men now living, will contain 
one hundred million of people. 

At tlie time of tiie publicati(jn of this maj). the valley of tlie 
Upper Ohio was but spai'sely settled by Indians ; I'emnants of the 
Allegewi and Massawama, were scattered up and down the river, aiul 
a number of Shawanese had settled on Montour's Island in 1698, having 
diverged from the main body of the tribe in its migration fi'om South 
Carolina to the Susquehanna. The country was well watered and 



pleasant. The streams swarmecl with tish and lur-l)earing animals 
while immense herds of elk, deer and biitfalo traversed the forest and 
roamed over the plains and meadows. The range of this last animal 
extended from the eastern end of Lake Ei'ie to the Ohio, and as far 
south as the Tennessee. Small game was exceedingly adundant, and 
the country afterward became the paradise of the Indian hunter. 

Between the years 1727-44, many Indians had reached the Ohio, 
from the eastern aiid centi'al parts of Pennsylvania. The Shawanese 
were quietly living at tlie mouth of Yellow Breeches ci-eek. For some 
offense, real or fancied, they were ])eremptorily oi'dereil to vacate their 
village and hunting-grounds hy the Iroquois or Six Nations Indians, 
and return toward the Ohio from whence they came. They did not 
wait for a second order. They crossed the mountains and descending 
the Conemaugh and Kiskiminitas, some of tlieni huilt villages along 
these str'eams, but the main body came to the Ohio, some settling at 
Tarentum, others at Beaver creek, and in three towns between the latter 
place and where Pittsburgh now stands. The Asswikales, a remnant of 
a tribe from South Carolina, who lived near, came with tiieni. and 
settled in a small village at the mouth of Sewickley creek. 

Ill 1735 the celebrated purchase, known as the "Walking Pur- 
chase," was consummated. The Delaware Indians, living between 
Tohiccon creek and the Lehigh, having been deprived or rather 
ciieated of their lands by the subtilty of this purchase, made frequent 
and loud complaints. To appease them they were invited to attend a 
great council in Philadelphia, in 1742. They attended under Sassoonan, 
their chief. The chiefs of tiie Six Nations were also present. The Dela- 
wares, through their speaker, " The Beaver," stated their grievances, 
and clainu'd tliat William Penn had guaranteed to them theii' hunting- 
grounds forever. At the request of the governor, Canassatego. •' The 
AVord," the su|n'eme councillor of the Six Nations, responded in a 
sjieech of great harshness, anil, without allowing them time to think 
about it, onlered them at once to remove from the lanil, and leave the 
council; assisting in the latter by taking Sassoonan by his long hair, 
and leading him to the council door, rudely thrust him forth, remain- 
ing at the door until the rest of the trembling Delawares followed. 
This stoical Indian philosopher returned to the council, and resumed 
his s])eecli as if nothing had happened. Tlie Delawares turned their 
faces to the setting sun, and coming to the Ohio, some settled at Kittan- 
ning, previously settled by some of this tribe; but the great mass of 
them located alou"- the Benver and Mahoning; their villages on the 


latter stream extending to the Salt (Spring, near Youngstown, Ohio. 
Tlie tract of land on which tliese Indians settled had been generously 
given to them by the Wyandots, and was bounded by the Beaver, 
Mahoning, Cuyahoga, Sandusky, the Hocking and the Ohio, With 
these Delaware Indians came three famous brothers : Amockwi or 
''The Beaver," Shingass and Peasquetuman, and they raised their 
lodge-pole upon the present site of the town of Beaver. The Dela- 
ware name of the place was Saucon, but on a map attached to Peter 
Kalm's Travels, published in Sweden in 1756, the i)lace is marked 
'• Shingoe's Town," and this name is retained on the "Historical Map 
of Pennsylvania." The place was known to the French as Chiningue, 
and somewhat later it was called Mcintosh. 

Heckewekler, in his Indian JVames, delines Saucon, " where a 
smaller stream empties into a larger one" — "the outlet of tlie Big 
Beaver into the Ohio; a jioint well known to all Indians; to warriors 
of different and most distant trii)es; their rendezvous in the French 
wars; their tiioroughfare and place of ti'ansit; a jioint of observation, 
ami the scene of frequent contests and ijloodslied, was the best known 
of the many Saucons in the Indian countr3\" 

Amockwi, or as he was more frequently called " King Beaver," 
was the chief councillor of the Delawares on the Ohio; and Shingass 
was the chief warrioi'. From the time Beaver settled at Saucon, he 
appears to have attended every treaty with the whites; his last 
appearance being at Lancaster in 17fi2. Pi'ior to this year he had 
moved to the Muskingum with his tribe. At the Lancaster treaty he 
made a marked impression in the following words: " I want to 
acknowledge I know nothing of land att'airs on the Delaware, and I 
have no concern with lands on that river. We know nothing of Teed- 
yuscung's claim to them. 1 have no claim myself, nor any of my 
people. As to what you and Teedyuscung have done, if j'ou are 
]ileased with it, so am I. As for my part I want to say nothing about 
land affairs. What I have at heart, and what I came down about, is 
to conlirm our friendship and make a lasting peace, so that our 
children and grand-children may live together in everlasting peace, 
after we are dead." He returned to the Muskingum, where he died a 
few years after, and was buried with great ceremony and lamentation, 
near where the Tuscarawas trail crossed that stream. 

Of Shingass, IleckeweldcM' says: "Were his war exploits all on 
record, they would form an interesting document, tliough a shflching 
one! The settlements along the frontier felt his strong arm suffi- 


cientlv ; that he was a bloody wai'i'ior ; ci'uel, his treatment, and 
relentless, his hwy. His person was small, but in point of courage, 
activity, and savage prowess, he was said to have never been excelled 
by any one." He was the same Indian that, after Braddock's defeat, 
in which he participated on the side of the French, led his band aci'oss 
the country, into the Cumberland Valley, and raided it from one end 
to the other; killing and scalping every one in liis pathway. He 
attacked Reading and Bethlehem, and threatened to destroy Easton on 
the Delaware. This raid createtl more consternation throughout the 
province tiiiin even the defeat of Braddock. Shingass returned to the 
Ohio with one hundred captives, and many horses loaded with i>lunder. 
The deceit and fraud of the ''Walking ))ui'chase" had been amply 

Beaver creek, being a great Indian thoroughfare, had received 
many names. It was known as the Aniockwi-sipu, the Chiniugue- 
Kaskaskia-sipu, Kuskusky and Canniangj}', Conequenissing. In some 
of the old records it is mentioned as the Conequenissing, or the Beaver. 
The word Conequenissing is a corruption of Gu-nack-que-ni-sink, signi- 
fying " a long way straight," a very appropriate description of the 
Beaver, but altogether inapplicable to the stream now known by that 
name. In the Iroquois language the Beaver was called " Onguia- 
arha," the Niagria. or the River of the Neutrals. Conrad Weiser, 
who was at Logstown in 1748, mentions in his journal that ten war- 
riors came to town, by water, from Niagria. That ]>art of the country 
on the Beaver, between the Neshannock and Mahoning, was called by 
the Iroquois, " Teyconnotlarago," the Meeting of the Waters. Mahon- 
ing is a corruption of Maliunink, "where there is a lick;" while 
Neshannock signifies " two or both creeks." Chiningue Shenango, or 
Chenango, tlilferent spelling of a Tuscaroi'a word, is said to mean 
" beautiful flowing water." Kaskaskia and Cushcushkung were two 
large Indian towns. The first located on the ^Mahoning, about six 
miles from its mouth, near the present site of Edenburg, iii Lawi'ence 
county. It was a central point, and trails diverged from it in all direc- 
tions. The second was situated on the east side of the Beavci'. near 
Moravia. Here lived Bakanke, the chief of the wolf tribe of the l)ela- 
■wai'es, with Glickhiccon, "the foremost sight on a gun-barrel," as his 
chief councillor. It was to this town that the Moravian Indians inider 
the lead of Zeisberger, passing up the Beaver, came in May, 1770, and 
where they intended to build their settlement. They, however, soon 
crossed to the /re-'it side of the Beaver, and Iniilt a town aliout a mile 


below the luoiitli o( the Mahoning, calling it Languntoutenvink, or 
the Town of Peace. 

The policy of the Frencii in dealing with the Indians was to 
quietly seciu'e their trade, rather than settle on or colonize their hunt- 
ing-grounds. In coni])liance with this policy, the authorities at 
Montreal ap])ointed Joncaire, or John Coeur, a French officer, to take 
charge of the Oliio, from its source to the mouth of the Wabash. He 
was on the Ohio as early as 1727, and came annually thereaftei', bring- 
ino- with hiui other Frenchmen, includins' a blacksmith, to mend the 
guns and tonuthawks of the Indians, gratis ; and on his I'eturn he fre- 
quently carried the leading chiefs with him to Montreal. He had been 
adopted as a son into the Seneca Nation, and was known among them 
as Kahicktodo. He gained great influence over them by his courage, 
his affability ;uid kindness, and, as was said, to the culture of the 
Frenchman he added the fluent eloquence of an Iroquois warrior. 

The French claim to the territory jilaeed in charge of Joncaire, 
was based on the well-known principle tliaf. the discoverer of a river 
was entitled to all lands watered by it or its tributaries ; and France 
having succeeded to all the i-ights of Spain, in the ownership of the 
month of the Mississippi, jiroposed to enforce the docthne to its full 
extent. The Englisli, while confessing the fact of discovery, sought to 
avoid the effect of it, by strenuously urging that a great part of the 
territory thus claimed was in possession of inde))endent nations of 
Indians, who luul formed themselves into a powerful confederacy, and 
were in firm league and fi'iendship with the English, and under the 
protection of the crown. 

The easy, quiet and pacific policy of the French in dealing with the 
( )hio Indians was by a simple act changed into intense activity and energy. 
This sudden change was caused bv an English land grant. As earlv as 
174:8, if not earlier, George Croghan had a trading-house at Saucon ; 
and as long as there was no attempt at colonizing the territory, Croghan, 
Le Tort, Lowry and Cartlidge with Joncaire, La Force and other French 
and English trailers, got along well together. Croghan was an Irish- 
man, from Dublin, very illiterate, but of great force of character. He 
had been in the Indian ti-ade many years, and was ]3erfectly familiar 
with all the peculiar phases of Indian character. After the defeat of 
Braddock, he became dei)uty to Sir William Johnston, in the manage- 
ment of Indian affairs f)n the Ohio. The most of this trade was in the 
hands of the Pennsylvaiiians, ;ind as they had a shorter carriage, they 
were enabled to undersell the Frencii, and iiy this means were gradually 


weakening the French iiiHuence over the Indians on tlie ()liio. wliicii 
created great jealonsy at Montreal ; and tlie liist niutterings of the old 
French war were heard on territory now included in Beaver county. 

In November, 1747, despite the cliill and siu'ly Ijlasts of the season, 
ten Indian warriors left Logstown, and took u]) their silent march 
througli the gloom of the forest, for Philadelphiii, and I'eaclied that 
place in the latter part of the month. Their leatler aiid sj^eaker was 
Canackquasy, who was a son of the Indian queen Alliqui])])i, and l>oth 
were firm friends of the English. The queen lived on the southeast of 
the Ohio, not far, ])erhiq)s, from the present railway station bearing her 
name. Chartiers in early days was known as Alliquippi's creek. She 
held the same mysterious sway ovei' the Ohio Indians as that exercised by 
Queen Catherine Montour over the Indians of Tioga Point and Seneca 
Lake. She was present with her husband, AUeniykoppy, or Great Hill, 
at the departure of William Penn in 1701, at New Castle, Delaware, 
Avhen she presented Canackquasy, then a child, in order that he might 
receive Penn's blessing. In 1753 she was living at the mouth of the 
Youghiogiieny, where Washington jiaid her- a visit, but she afterwards 
removed to liaysto'wu, now Bedford, where she died in December 

Canackquasy, in his interview with the governor, informed him of 
the true state of affairs on the Ohio, and the real designs of the French 
were set forth. This was the fii-st official notice the Pennsylvania 
authorities had of the intention of the French to unite Canada and 
Louisiana, by way of the Ohio river. These Indians were su})plied ^vith 
arms and ammunition, and a considerable present given them. 

The Virginians, seeing the great profit in the Indian tratle, ])ro- 
posed to embark in the enterprise. In 1748, Thomas Lee, of 'N'irginia, 
formed the design of makino' settlements on the wild lands west of the 
Allegheny mountains. A conqiany was formed, and a land grant of 
five hundred thousand acres was ])rocured from tlie king of England, 
to l)e selected along the Ohio, between the Monongahela and Kanawha. 
It was known as the " Ohio Company." Two hundred thousand acres 
were to be selected immecHately, on condition that the C(jnqiany, at its 
own expense, seat one hundred families on tiie land in seven years. 

The Pennsylvanians, alarmed at tiie threatened destruction of a 
profitable trade, prcjiared a large ])reseiit of goods, including powder 
and leail, and placetl it in charge of Com-ad Weiser, with instructions 
that he deliver it to the Indians at Logstown. Weiser assumed the 
task, and with the assistance of Croghan and his }>ack-horses, reached 


Lo"-sto\vii, Auo'ust 27, 1T4S, ami was received witli <;'reat joy Ijv the 
many hundred hulians present, consisting of Mohawks, Senecas, Oneidas, 
Delawares, Shawanese and Wyandots. S])eeches were made on behalf 
of the proyince, by Weiser and Anch'ew Monte )ur, and respondeil to by 
the Indian oratoi's at great length. The present was delivered nnd 
divided, and the Indians departed wonderfully pleased. 

Uut the French in the meantime were not inactive. In 174'.* an 
expedition was fitted out at Montreal, under Captain Elainyille de Cel- 
eron, with a force of two liuiKb'cd and forty-six, composed of soldiere, 
Canadians and Indians, with ordeis to descend the Ohio, and take 
possession of the country in the name of the French king. As tliis 
force passed Oswego in tiieir canoes, Sir William Johnston disjiatched 
a runner to Goyernor Hamilton, and informed him of the French design. 
Hamilton at once sent Croghan and Andrew Montoui' to the Oliio ; the 
former went directly to Beaver creek, and the latter making a toiu' of 
observation to Lake Erie, afterward joined Croghan at the princi])al 
Indian town. Tlie French expedition reached Wai'ren on the Alle- 
gheny, July 2'.>, and here Celeron (Salarone) buried a leaden plate, and 
made a. record of it. Passing down the Allegheny, toucliing at several 
points and passing where Pittsburg now stands, without mention, Cel- 
eron came to Allicpiip])i's Town. August 7, and tlie record says "all the 
inhabitants tied in alai'm to Chiningue, except three Iroipiois and an old 
wonnin, wlu.> was regai'ded as a (pieen, and devoted to the English ; this 
place is one of the most lieautil'ul I have seen up to the |)resent time, 
on the Peautiful river. I ilecam])ed and ])assed the night three leagues 
lower down." The Fi'ench league was two and one-half miles. Cel- 
eron says: " As I was oidy two leagues froin Chiningue, I ordered 
the detachment to brush themselves uj) as well as possible, so 
as to give them a l)etter apjiearance; and I arranged everything 
for repairing to the village in good order, as I considered this one of 
the most considerable villages of the Beautiful river." Celeron 
reached the village near the mouth of Beaver creek, on the Sth of 
August, and called it Chiningue. because of its ])roximity to the stream 
of that name. Some hostile demonstration being made to his landing^ 
he fixetl his camp securely near the village and made it a])pear as 
strong as possible. These ])recautions ])revented an attack from the 
Indians, which they had fully I'esoived to make. The viUage, by esti- 
mate of Bonnechamjis, Avho was the mathenuitician and sailing-master 
of the ex]iedition, consisted of eighty large caljins, built of stpiared logs, 
and ha<l stone chimneys: and were (^^cnpied by Irocpiois, Shawanese and 


L()U])s tVdiii the Sault St. Lonis and Lake of the Two Mountains (near 
Montreal), with IS'ipissings, Ottawasaml Abenakis. On first approach- 
ing tlie village Celeron discovered three French flags and an English one; 
the latter perhaps flying over the tratling-house of Croghan, as he was 
present in the town. It may have been the fii'st English flag that 
floated in tlie valley of the Ohio. At five o'clock in the evening, the 
chiefs ^vith thirty or forty braves approached the camp and signaled for 
a parley. A short conference was held, in -which the Indians with 
great subtilty and cunning, excuseil their condnct and desired Celeron 
to remain until tlie great cliiefs of the village should arrive. The 
Indians retired to tlic village, and passetl the night in singing and danc- 
ing, keeping their men, however, on tiie alert. Before day-break of 
the 9th, Joncaire informed Celeron that eighty warriors were on the 
point of arriving, and that the resolution to attack the camp liad been 
taken in the village. He gained this information from a squaw, an 
acquaintance of his. The men were instructed to keep themselves 
in readiness, and tlie officers so placed as to assist and encourage each 
other in the discharge of their duty. After waiting two hours, to see 
how the resolution of the Indians woukl be carried out, Celeron became 
impatient and dispatched Joncaire to tell them that he knew the reso- 
lution they b;id taken ; and if they did not hasten and put in execution 
what they had planned, he would go and attack them. A short time 
after the return of Joncau'e the Indians filed before the camp, and 
made the accustomed salutation for peace. The ground was prepared 
and ]:)reparations made for a council. It lasted three days ; as each 
trilje had to be adch-essed in its own language. The council ended 
with not the most reassuring result to the French ; they buried no- 
plate nor did they attach the arms of the French king to tiie trees, as 
they liad done in other places. Celeron having found several English 
traders at different points along the rivere, as well as at Chiningue, 
directed them to retire, and sent the following letter to Governor James 
Hamilton, of the province of rennsylvania. dated August 6. 1749 : 

Sir; — Having beeu seat with a detaclimeiit into these quarters lij Monsieur the 
Marquis de la Gallissoniere, Commandant-General of New Prance, to reconcile among 
themselves certain savage nations, who are ever at variance on account of the war just 
terminated, I have been much surprised to find some traders of your government in a 
ciua'ry to whicli the English never had any pretensions. Those with whom I first fell 
in witli. and by wh')m I write you, I have treated with all mildness possible, although I 
would Uave been justilied in treating them as interlopers and men without design, their 
enterprise being contrary to the preliminaries of peace, signed five mouths ago. I hope, 
sir. you will carefully proliibit for tlie future this trade, which is contrary to treaties; 

liKAVKK C'OrXTY. (5 

and give notice to 3'our traders that thuy will expose themselves to great risks in return- 
ing to these countries; and thej' must impute only to themselves the misfortunes tliey 
may meet with. I know our conimandant-general would be very sorry to have recourse 
to violence, hut he has orders not to permit foreign traders in his government. 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, sir, your bumble and obedient servant, 

Cel- RON. 

The detachment left Chiuingue or Beaver on the nionnng of 
August 12, 1749, iind, embarking in tlieir canoes, passed on down the 
Ohio. The Iroquois and Abentikis of the expedition refused to go 
fartlier, it being the boundary of their nation. In the following year, 
Celeron was in command at Detroit, and jinblicly boasted that he would 
build two forts, one at Logstown and the other at Chiuingue 

The Onondaga council of that strange and powerful confederacy 
known as the Six Nations were not unconcerned sj)ectators of scenes 
and movements unfolding on the Ohio. TIh'v lioldly claimed that the 
territory extending ir<m\ Connecticut river to Onguiaarhti l)elonged to 
them, and that IJeaver creek was the western door of their " Long- 
House." In this council were chiefs tind councilors who. for subtle 
and iJi-ofound policy, were not surjwsscd by either French or English. 
When these movements began, they at once jjlaced some of their lead- 
ing chiefs and warriors in Western Pennsylvania. Ttmacharrison, or 
"The Half King," and ilonakatoocha, or 8carrooyady, or "Great 
Arrow," were placed at Logstown; Kachwuckdanionty, or " Tlie r>elt 
of Wampum," at IJeaver; Ctmagackreesera, or "Broken Kettle." at 
Kaskaskia : tmd Guviishuta, or " The Bi"- Cross." at Venango, all tidmir- 
able points for observation iind communication. 

" The Half King" was a Mohawk, living at Logstown, but litiving 
a hunting-cabin on Little Beaver. He accompiinied AVashington to 
Venango in the winter of 1753. The value and importance of this Ind- 
ian may be judged from the zealous efforts of the French ofticers, on 
that occasion, to shake liis friendship for the English, in which they 
completely failed. He died and was buried at Ilarrisburg in 17r)l. 
" The Belt of Wampum." ;ind " Great Arrow." p'articijjated in Brad- 
dock's defeat, and fought with great spirit and bravery. The first was 
a Seneca Indian. ;mtl the most famous warrior of the Six Nations, a 
reputation not easily acquireil timong those Romans of Aiu erica, as 
they were fitly styled by Volney. After the battle, chagrined at^ the 
treatment he and his warriors had received from liraddock, he gathered 
his peo]ile together and retired to the Juniata. " Great Arrow " was 
an Oneida Indian ; he was both a warrior and councilor, and became 
the successor of " Hal r King," on the death of the latter. After the 


battle lie made a journev to Philadelphia, and in the state house he 
spoke with great animation and vehemence to a large concourse of 
peo])le, urging bold, bloody and decisive war. It was a spectacle, 
indeed, of a jirovince of 300,000 of a population, with 30,000 cajiable of 
bearing arms, leaning, and leaning confidently, u]X)n this Indian as a 
pillar of strength, and earnestly looking to him I'oi' advice and guidance 
in their dire distress. He made a journey to Onondaga, at the request 
of the governor, to remind the Six Nation of their treaty stipulations, 
and enlist them in the English interest. lie was inloinied by those 
wily councilors that he was too late ; that half of I!radd<>ek's army had 
thrown down their guns, without tiring- a shot ; that the Shawanese and 
Delawares on the Ohio wei'e then wholly in the Fi'ench interest ; that 
the Six Nations were themselves divided, the French having many 
adherents among them, and that it Avould be very im])olitic for them to 
take sides with the Englisli in such an emergency. 

On Monday, May 18, 1751, George Croghan, with many merchants 
and traders, reached Logstown with a large present for the Indians, 
from the province of Pennsylvania. He was received by the great 
concourse of Iiulians in the most complaisant manner. Two days later 
Joncaire and another French officer, with forty warriors of the Six 
Nations, arrived at Logstown, from the head of the Ohio, in canoes. 
This was the first official meeting of the French and English represent- 
atives on the Ohio. They both came Avitli gifts in their hands, to solicit 
and enlist the red man in the interest of their nations. Joncaire at 
once proceeded to business, calling a cf)uncil, and demanding of the 
Indians that they discharge the English traders, and forbid them to come 
among them again. One of the Iiulians, in severe and liaisli language, 
informed him that the land belonged to the Indians, and not to the 
French, and that they would trade exclusively with the English, as the 
French demanded an exorbitant pi-ice fen- their goods. Croghan, having 
the largest present, had gained a temporary advantage over the F'rench- 
nian. Joncaire droppetl down the river to lieaver creek, where he 
addressed the following letter to Governor Hamilton : 

De Chiningue. June 6. 1751. 
MoNSiEUU: The Marquis de la .lonquiere, goveruor of Ihe whole of New Fiauce, 
having honored me with his orders, to watch that tlie English should make no treaty 
ill the continent of Belle Riviere, I have directed the traders cjf the L'overnorto withdraw. 
You are not ignorant, sir, tliat all the lands of this continent liave always helonged to 
the King of France, and that the English have no right to come there to trade. My 
general has ordered me to apprise j'ou of what I have done, in order that you may not 
pretend ignorance of the reasons of it, and he has given me this order witli so much the 


more reason, siucr it is now two years since IMonsieur Celeron, by order of M. Gallisso- 
niere. then connuanilant-gencral, warned many Englisli traders, wlio were treating with 
the .savages of Belle Kiviere, against what they were doing, and the}' promised him not 
to return again to treat on Iheir lands, as M. de Celeron wrote to you, lest anything might 

In the siiinnier of 1752, Colonel Joshua Fi-y, Luneford Lomax and 
James Patton. on the ])art of Virginia ;ind Christopiier Gt'ust, of the 
Ohio Coiiipatiy, lifought a large quantity of merchandise to the Ohio, 
and held a treaty with the Indians at Logstown. At this treaty the 
Inilians granted the Virginians the privilege of settling a. fixed trtide, and 
gave them permission to erect two forts. The Ohio company built a 
stone stoi'ehouse on the southeast side of the ()hio, near the town of 
Alliquippi, and goods as well as arms and ammunition were stored in it, 
and they were committed to the care of Geust, Trent and Montour, to 
distribute to the Indians, as occasion and beliavaor should require. The 
company hiteuded to erect a fort on the same side of the river, about 
two miles below Daundaga, " The Forks," the present site of Pitts- 
burgh. Wiishington, in a letter dated May 3, 1T54-, speaks of this stone 
house as still sttinding, and that it would serve as a receptacle for arms 
and ammunition. The tretity with the Virginians was concluded June 
13, 1752. 

In January, 1753, a liirge French force left Montreal and were dis- 
embarking to take possession of the Ohio Vtilley. " Great Arrow " 
having been aii]>oiiited by the Logstown council, visited the command- 
ant of these troops ;it Lake Erie, and asked him why he came with such 
an army, and warned him of the consequences of entering ujxm the 
the lands of the Si.\ Nations. The Frenchman replied: "Child, to make 
my children i>n the (.)hi() quite easy aljoiit this matter, I declare to you 
that I am determined to go down the Ohio, to the very mouth of it, and 
legions of devils shall not prcxeiit inc. 1 am commanded to build fom" 
strong houses, viz: at Weningo, Moliongialo Forks, Logstown and 
Heavei' ('reek, and this I will do. I will desceiul the < )hio smoothly to 
Moliong alo. and build a house there, and make it very strong. After 
this I shall become heavier, and by niyown weight be carried down the 
stream to Kuskusky or Canniangoy." How well this line was chosen, 
for the ])tn'])ose of controlling the western country, may be judged from 
the fact that to-day nine-tenths of the trtivel and traffic, east and west 
in the United States, ])asses Itetween Pittsburgh and Lake Erie. 

The journey of Washington to Venango ; the surrender of Ensign 
Ward : the death of Joinonville ; the capitiihition at Fort Necessity, and 


the defeat of liraddock. are themes familiar to all. The eifect of this last 
revei"se was to embolden the Frencli and consolidate their power. The 
Indians in the EngUsh interest disappeared, and the tribes near and far 
became the allies of the French. So crushing was this defeat that no 
Englishman|\entured near " The Forks " for several yeai-s ; the dead 
remained unburied. food for wolves and \iiltures. It is true Armstrong 
attacked Kittanning, titty miles above, and psu'tiaUy destroyetl the 
town: liut the venture was almost as disastrous to him as it was to the 
Indians. Tiie Delawares on the Ohio, however, after this all removed 
to Beaver creek. The only man that conkl be prevailed upon to carry a 
messaae to the western Indians was an honest, unassuming German, a 
Moravian minister, Christian Frederick Post. He left rhiladel])hia 
Julv 15. 1758, ami reached Cushcushkung Atigust 12. and was met by 
Shingass and King Beaver, who showed him a large house in which to 
lodge. The town consisted of ninetv houses, and two hundreil able 
warriors. A coimcil was ap})ointed at Simeon : and Post, in company 
with twenty-hve horeenien, an<l fifteen on foot, reached the place 
August 20. The Indians of the town, consisting of one hundred and 
twenty warrioi-s. were much disturbed at his coming, aiul receiveil him 
in a rough and hai"sh manner. They surrounded him with drawn knives, 
running against him with their naked breasts, then- faces distorted with 
rage, and informed him he had not long to live. In his journal he 
makes his observations and comments on Indian character, and the 
ideas and sentiments prevailing with them. They regarded themselves 
the wisest, most discreet and prudent people in the world : that there 
was not a prouder or more conceited people : that their ingenious and 
cmining methods in council, with their sarcasms, to delay, to pinch and 
squeeze the heart, were nuirvelous. The white people in their eyes 
were nothing at all ; that they could overpower both French and 
English, whenever they ])leased. Through theu" conjuring craft, they 
can do what they please, and nothing can withstand them. In their 
wav of fighting, they first shoot the officers and commnders, taking 
aim, and cai-e to have the first shot ; by this means, theu" enemies were 
half dead before the, battle really begins ; that if their con jm"ers. in time 
of battle, run along their ranks, no bullet can hurt them. 

Post made a second journey to Beaver creek in the fall of this year, 
and reached Saucon in time to save the life of Henry Osteu. a sergeant, 
who was doomed to the stcdce. In November. 175S, Fort Du Quesne 
fell into the hands of the Enghsh, uniler General Forbes; some of the 
French passed Saucon in canoes down the Ohio, but the great body of 


theni came to P>euver creek, ami passiiin' n|> that strtnnii, retireil to 
Kaskaskia, on tlie Mahoning-, wliere tiicy iniiit magazines an(i stored 
tliera witli arms and ammunition. 

In 17<i<). Teedyuscuno', tlie yi-eat Delawai'e cliief, living in the 
Wyoming valley, in comjiany with his two sons and many otiier Ind- 
ians, came to Saucon. and, ])assing up tlie lieaver, called a great council 
of the western Indians, at the Salt sjiring, near Youngstown. Fifteen 
hundred warrioi-s attended. The real ])ur|)ose of the council does not 
clearly a]i])eai'. Called so neai' tlie French magazines, it may have 
been the germ of Pontiac's conspiracy. Teedyuscung was a very able 
man, and ]>layed a consfticuous, thougii subtle, ])ai't in the French war. 
Tlie Iro(juois were exceedingly jealous of him, while tlie Delawares of 
the Beaver regarded iiim with great suspicion. He was a. large, lusty, 
raw-boned man, haughty and im])erious, and veiy desirous of respect 
and command. To his other abilities, he added the rare accom])lish- 
ment of lieing able to drink three quarts or a gallon of rum in a. day, 
without losing his head. 

In 1T<I2, Christian Frederick Post was again in the western country 
f(jr the purpose of conducting the Delaware Indians from tlie Tuscara- 
was to the treaty at Lancaster. Restarted eastward with Beaver, Shin- 
g-ass and many other Indians, and were accompanied by many ca-ptiv^es. 
both nude and female. They reached Saucon July 1. and found 
Koquethaeehlon, or White Eyes, the solitary inhabitant of the place. 
Post declares that White Eyes was the cleverest Indian he had ever 
met, and that he thus lived alone to oblige those that passed that way. 
He was at Saucon as late as 1778, when acting as a guide to Mcintosh, 
in his march to the Tuscarawas, and he died on the route. Post and his 
comj)any crossed the river (the Ohio ?). and encam]ied for the night on 
a high mountain. White Eyes and Killbuck jiiined the ]iarty the next 
morning, and Logstown was reached about noon, and from thence to 
Fort Pitt and Lancaster. Post says Killbuck was a great captain and 
a conjurer. 

Put the t-oiuicil that he had called was bearing its fi'uit, and the 
cons])iracv of Pontiac and Guyashata. was soon made manifest. On 
the 27th of ]\Iay, 1703, a)i Indian trader named Calhoun was visited at 
midnight, in liis cabin on the Tuscarawas, l)y Shingass and his warriors, 
and earnestly begged to depart, as they did not wish to see him killed 
before their eyes. He was informed that the Ottawas and Ojibwas had 
taken the hatchet, and the Shawanese and Delawares were about to 
.start on the wai'-path. Calhoun and thii'tecn men in his cinplox' lost 


no time in taking then" departure. They, however, fell into an anilms- 
cade at tlienioiith of tlie T>eaver ; a volley of nnisket-halls sliowered ii])on 
them; eleven fell dead, and Calhoun and two others made their escape. 
In a few weeks the ti'ails leading to Ivaskaskia, Saucon and Fort Pitt 
swarmed with warriors, and early in the morning of June 22 the latter 
place was assaulted witli gre;it fury. The settlers tied in alarm, and 
fourteen liuiidicd of them I'etii'ed as far as Shippensburg. Tliesiegeat 
Fort Pitt was kei)t u]) many days, and an incessant tire of musketry 
and fiery arrows fell upon it. Jiouquet hurried to its succor, hut he 
was com])elle(h before reaching that point, to measure strength with 
these stern and vindictive savages; yet he overthrew them in a great 
battle at ijushy Run, and tliis great Indian wave rolled bade westward, 
broken, (lisa])pointed and sullen, and coming to the Beaver, their ancient 
rendezvous, tiiese Indians encamped for a breathing sjtell on the beau- 
tiful ])lain where Beaver now stands, but finally retired to the solitudes 
of the forest west of the Muskingum. To carry out this expedition, 
Pontiac issued notes and bills, made of I)ark. on which an otter was 
carved, tlie totem or insignia of his nation, and all these, unlike some 
modern financiers, he afterward fully and I'cligiously I'etleemed. In 
October of this year, a band of Iroquois surrounded the cabin of Tee- 
dyuscung, at midnight, and setting fire to it, the unsusjiecting chief and 
veteran passetl away in the flames. 

Tlie contest between F' ranee and England, for the possession of 
America, was terminated this year by the celebrated Treaty of Paris. 
By its terms and stipulations England gained undisj)uted jiossession of 
the territory extending from the Atlantic to the Mississippi, and frcnn 
Hudson's Bay to the Gulf of Mexico. It was perha])s the largest I'eal 
estate transaction recorded in history. It was in contemplating this 
vast change and acquisition of territory, that I)aniel Webster, standing 
upon the fortress at Quebec listening to the reveille, was seized with the 
inspiration that he afterwards uttered in the Senate, in these words: 
" On this question of princii)le. while actual suffering was yet far off, 
they (the colonists) raised tlieir flag against a power to which, for ])ur- 
poses of foreign conquest and subjugation, Borne, in the height of her 
glory, is not to be compared ; a power which has dotted over the sur- 
face of the whole globe, with her possessions and military posts ; whose 
morning drum-beat, following the sun, and kee]nng company with the 
hours, circles the earth daily with one continuous and unbroken strain 
of the martial airs of England."' 



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Causes of Migkation — Character of the Early Settlers — Primitive 
Cabins and their Surroundin(;s — Means of Defense — Fort Mc- 
Intosh — First Settlers — Lists f)F Taxables — Mortuary List. 

TIDES are of several kiiuls. The aij^uatic pulse of old ocean, 
impelled by the attractive power of both sun and moon, beats 
every six hours. The vital tide, causetl jirimarily by the inclination of 
the earth's axis twenty-three and a lialf degrees toward tlie phme of its 
orbit, the daily rotation of tlie eartli ujjon said axis, and the 
revoluti( )n of t he planet around a central orb — the sun — ebbs and flows 
twice a year. The vertical rays of the sun, the harbingers of light and 
heat, move to and fro across the tropical belt like a faitliful soldier 
upon his beat. Their northward niovenient, beginning at the winter 
solstice (21st December), reaching the equator at the vernrd equinox 
(21st March), and ceasing at the summer solstice (21st June), is always 
preceded l)y an active stream of animal and vegetable life wliicli reaches 
far toward the polar I'cgion. TJie reti'ograde movement presents sim- 
ilar phenomena. The migration of plants nud animals, or more strictly 
speaking, the life and death of plants, which do not vohmtarilv change 
their habitat, and the migration of animals to escape death, may all l)e 
clearly underst(.iod when the sun is accepted as the great fountain of life. 

Still anothei' tide may be considered, dependent largely ujxin the 
existence of the other two — we mean the " tide in the aifairs of men." 
Man has, since tlie dawn of historic life, been disj)osed to face and to fol- 
low the setting sun. While the earth ui)on its axis rotates from west to 
east, man inclines to roam from east to west. His movements have, since 
the flrst people began to leave the cradle of tlie race, been along the par- 
allels and not along the meridians, conforming somewhat to isothermal 

This migratory movement has resulted from various causes : 

1. Curiosity to see new flelds and scenes in(hice<l many to leave 
their native districts, and encountcu' the liardsliips and discoinfoi'ts of 
unexplored and undeveloped regions. 

6 83 


2. A desire of wealth has actiiatiMl a hii-gechiss. Man's Eldorado 
has always lui'od him on, iiiidcr the inspiration that lie " never is bnt 
always to lie blest. "' 

3. A simple wish to im)irove his physical surronnding's, to pass 
from a condition of ])enury to one of competence and comfort. 

4. Persecntion, for ])olitical, social and I'eligions sentiments held, 
has transferred large masses from the (jld world to the new. As a rule 
these classes became the active and reliable factors in the regions which 
they colonized. 

5. " A desire to tlee the wrath to come " has operated latterly to 
oive us manv of the convicts and other malcontents of the old world. 

The second, third and fourth causes have ojierated most largely in 
the settlement of Beaver county. 

If the comparison may be permitted, it will be noted that when a 
herd of cattle is jiermitted to enter through a gate into new pasture 
grouiuls, some Ijegin at once neai' thte opening to satisfy the cravings of 
hunger, while others move onward and outward in search of some- 
thing a little better and rarer than that c(»nsumeil l)y the common hei'd. 
Koaming is the result. 

Should anyone be offended at the illustration, he may be the better 
pleased if he is reminded that the same ])rinci])le holds when a nundier 
of jiersons are admitted to an orchard or a bei-ry ])atch. Those who 
commence at once usually accumulate, while those who roam as mere 
adventurers secure Init limited possessions. 

The first immigrants located on the Atlantic coast, and became per- 
manent settlers. Their descendants in many cases, and new ari-ivals 
pushed farther to the west, under the imconscious opei'ation of the old 
])rinciple that "westward the course of empire takes its way." The 
movements to Western Pennsylvania were along the military road to 
Fort Pitt and the two streams forming the Ohio. Westmoreland 
county,then an empire in itself, was first settled. Positions of defense and 
security were first chosen. As the settlements grew, the new reci'uits 
pushed out farther and farther along the watei'-coui-ses and into the regions 
of good springs. The south side of the Ohio was freer from the incur- 
sions of the Indians, and afforded better land titles. It is not strange, 
therefore, that the " South Side " of Beaver county should be occu])ied 
sooner than any othei'. The movement was down along the Ohio from 
the direction of what are now Allegheny and Washington counties. 

As a rule the early settlers of Beaver county were the sturdy, 
industrious and iiatriotic Scotch-Irish, whose ancestors had come from 


the north of Ireland on account of persecution, to seek a quiet lionie 
on the new continent. Tliey were not, as would appear from the 
charge of Sherman Day in his '" Historical Collections of Pennsylvania," 
"a pertinacious and ]>ngnacious race," Inxt, in the language of Judge 
George Chambers, "men wlio laid broad and deep the foundations of a 
great province, and who, with a master's hand, erected a structure of 
government that was stable, ca.[)a-cious and elevated ; whose prosperity 
and greatness command ailmiration, and which by jjublic accord, con- 
stitutes the great key -stone of the ])olitical arch of the American 
Union." \Tribute,p. 17.] 

Tliey were nearly all Presbyterian in their faith ; hence the rapid- 
ity with which Presbyterian congregations were organized in the 
jiioneer settlements. The three divisions, Presbyterians, Associate and 
Associate-Reformed (the latter two now comltined into the United 
Presbyterian), had almost a monopoly of religious instruction among 
the ])rimitive inhabitants. Sid(^ by side stood church and sc1k)o1, the 
two potent factors of an enligiitened and ])rogressive civih/.ation. 

Settlements occur in gi'ou])s for social l)enetits and mutual ])ro- 
tection. The early settlers were ]»aitial to supplies of good water. 
Si>i'ings, thei'efore, afforded strong inducements to locate, watercourses 
determined the lines of cabins erected, and likewise the directions of the 
first roads. Along these they built theii- i)lain log-cabins with cla])- 
board njof held down by heavy weight poles; door-way filled u]) with 
a quilt, or possibly a jilaindoor swinging on wooden hinges, and opened 
by means of a leather string that lifted a wooden latch; an outside 
chimney made of stone or sticks and j)lastered with mud, the inside of 
the chimney being so wide-thi'oated ;is to receive long wooden back- 
logs, around which the winter flajnes lapped their fiei\v tongues to 
attract the attention of, and give warmth to. the new occu])ant of the 
humble home. In these i>lain cabins, on the round joists overhead, 
were fastened two little wooden forks in which rested the trusty rifle or 
musket with fiint lock, while near it were the accompanying pouch and 
])owderhorn. The table outfit wassimjile. Pewter plates, iron knives 
and forks with bone handles, cups and saucers of colored ware, 
spoons made of pewter or gernian silver — these assisted the 
new family to eat the frugal meal that was pre]mred in the fire-place 
by means of skillets, Ijaker's and iJutcli ovens. Such was the interior 
of the house occupied by the new comers. 

On the exterior was wildness. Forest trees were so close that, 
falling, their branches could easily ilestroy the cabin. The hooting of 


owls, the screaming ol' wildcats ami catamounts, the howling of wolves, 
the barking of foxes, and the yells of Indians were not alwa^'s pleasing 
to the ear. The uncertainty that attended the attacks of the red man 
was a source of constant dread. 

And yet with all the dangers attending those i)ioneer settlements, 
there were springs of happiness not reached by modern so-called 
fashionable society. Common dangers and hardships, the absence of 
false classes or castes in society, and common aims, developetl a genuine 
fellowship ami sincere friendship that compensated for other losses. 
The oneness of sympathy enabled them to enjoy one another's society ; 
hence the log-rollings, the raisings, the quiltings, the hustings and the 
evening socials were sources and occasions of real enjoyment, the 
memory of which is pVecious to the ])ioneer. 

Eetracing our steps, it may be proper to give, in addition to the 
trusty ritle that always found a jilace in every pioneer cabin, some of 
the means by which the first settlers defended themselves against the 
bloody attacks of the Indians, other than the voluntary companies or 
associations for self protection; these means were block-houses and forts. 

Block-houses were built at convenient places as rallying points for 
neighborhoods. In them families were sheltered, and by them men 
defended these families against assault by the lurking foe. 

In 171'3 there was built, at the Sewicldey bottom, on the north side 
of the Ohio, a block-house which belonged to John Wolf, father of John 
Wolf who removed to the vicinity of Beaver in 1795 or 1790. Another 
stood betAveen PhiUipsburg and the Logstown bottom, perhaps near 
the present site of Woodlawn. It is not known who built it; but it was 
occupied in 1791 liy Jonathan Hill, and in 179-t by Isaac Lawrence. 
About twf) miles from it ran Broadliead's trail, on tlie (ilade I'oad as it 
was sometimes called. 

Another block-house stood on tlie east bank of Big Beaver, two 
miles from its moutli, at tiie present town of New Brighton. It was 
built in 1780 by Colonel Josiah Ilarmar while his troops lay at Fort 
Mcintosh. While still an ensign, Lieutenant McDowell was in com- 
]nand in 1787-88, and asa lieutenant in 1789-90. Ilehad aiioiit a dozen 
men. ^IcDowell was succeeded by Captain Stevenson wlio remained 
till A])ril, 179o. Between the occii])ancv by McDowell an<l Stevenson 
a ])arty of traders, among whom were William Wilson and John Ilill- 
nnm, were tliere March 9, 1791, when Captain Samuel lii'ady, Fi'ancis 
Maguire and others killed the Indians at Fallston. 

The next block- house stood on the left bank of Raccoon creek, two 


niiles tVoiu the mouth. It was erected in 1TS5 Ity the Bakers when 
they returned from their captivity and re-settled on Eaccoon. It stood 
near Avliere their cabin was l)urned in 177i. Here the families of John 
Braden, Charles Bruce, Josej)!! Carr and others asseml)led in times of 

Four miles below the mouth of Eaccoon, on the south side of the 
Ohio, stood the block-house of Michael Chrislow, erected as early as 
179n, and perhaps earlier. Chrislow was an excellent woodsman, and 
stood high in the estimation of Ca|itaiii Bi'ady and the Foes, Avho fre- 
quently visited him. 

On the sight of (4eoi'(2'etown, Benoni Dawson erecte(i a liloclc-house 
as early as 1786. It fell into disuse when, in .17'.>2, his son Tliomas 
Dawson erected one on tlie opjwsite side near the jjresent Smith Hotel. 

Levi Dungan had erected a ])lock-house near his home in the vicinity 
of Frankfort, on tlie old state road leading from Georgetown to Wash- 
ington, about twelve miles from the former ]ilace. About five miles 
east of Dungan's block-house, stood Tliomas Dillow's. a foitress which 
was (juite famous in its day as a place of refuge for the ])eople of the 
neighl)oi-hood. Whentliese were l)uiit is not known, l)ut it must have 
•occurred as early as 178(t. 

Fcjrt Mcintosh was built in tlie year 1778 on tiie north bank of the 
Oiii(), about half a mile below the mouth of Big Beaver on the i)resent 
site (jf Beaver, (xeneral Mclntosli,* by whom it was constructed and 

* Lachlin Mcintosh (or Lach'n Mcintosh as he himself wrote it) was born near Inver- 
ness, Scotland, in the year 1727. He came, in 1736, with his father and General Ogle- 
thorpe, to Georgia. His father being taken prisoner and sent to St. Augustine, Lachlin 
was, at the age of thirteen, left to maternal care. His early educational advantages were 
limited, bvit diligent application compensated for this loss. Having spent some lime as a 
clerk in Charleston, he returned to his friends on the Altamaha, married and engaged in 
the duties of land surveyor. He also studied military tactics, and when the revolution 
broke out he took sides with his adopted country. He was first appointed colonel, and 
then brigadier-general, which position he lield till the close of the war. In 1784 he was 
elected to Congress, and in 178.T was chosen one of the commissioners to treat with the 
Southern Indians. 

In the early part of 1777 a duel was fought between him and Button Guinnett, a 
signer of the declaration of independence, and a rival by whom he was persecuted. 
Guinnett was jealous of Mcintosh's rising power, and did everything to nrresl it. Jlcln- 
tosh finally denounced him as a "scoundrel." A duel was the residt. Both were 
•wounded in the thigh. Mcintosh recovered, but Guinnett died. Mcintosh was. at the 
instance of Guinnett's friends, tried for murder, but was accjuitted. 

The local agitation jiroduced by this tragedy threatened the existence of the repub- 
lican party in the state. To allay this feeling, consented to accept an appoint- 
ment at the North tendered him by General Washington. He was appointed command- 
er-in-chief of the AVestern Department, with headquarters at Pittsburgh {or Fort Pitt as 
it was then called). During Ids .stay at Fort Pitt he built Fort Mcintosh, and projected 
the campaign against Detroit. Having completed Fort l\IcIntosli, he marched toward 
the Sandusky towns in Ohio with one thousand men. When he reached the Tuscarawas, 
the .season was so far gone tliat further advance was deemed unwise. There he binlt a 
fort which, in honor of the president of congress, he called Fort Laurens. Supplying it 


after Avhom it was named, s;iys in a letter from Fort Pitt, December 29, 
1778: " I erected a good strong fort, for the reception and security of 
prisoners and stores, upon the Indian side of the Oliio, below Beaver 
creek, with barracks for a regiment." 

The best description of the fort is that given by Arthur Lee, one 
of the commissioners wlio visited the place in December, 178-i, to make 
a treaty with the Indians. He says: "It is biiilt of well hewn logs, 
with four bastions ; its figure is an irregular square [mathematicians 
would call it a trapezoid. Ed.], the face to the river being longer than the 
side to the land. It is about equal to a square of iifty yards. It is well 
Ituilt. and strong against musketrv." 

It contained within its enclosure, marks of which are yet visible 
on the banks of the river, about one half-acre of ground. The greater 
portion of this space is now in the street, while the remainder, which 
contained tlie officers' C(uarters, lies in a lot owned by Senator M. S. 

Supplies of water were I'cached by an underground passage to the 
river. In addition, a large spring in the hills north of the fort, and 
since used as a public water su]iply for Beaver, was then available. 
Supplies of provisions came fi-oni For-t Pitt, eithei" down the I'iver, or 
across the country, by what is known as the Eroadiiead road to the 
opposite side from which they were crossed by ferry. 

Considerable criticism was made both as to the necessity and the 
construction of tliis fort. Colonel Daniel Broadhead, the successor of 
General Mcintosh, as commander of the Western Department, in a 
letter to Major-General Armstrong, dated April 16, 1779, relative to an 
incursion into Indian territory to capture Detroit, one of Mcintosh's 
pet schemes, says : " General Mcintosh was more ambitious. He 
swore that nothing less than Detroit was his object, and he would have 
it in the winter season. In vain was the nakedness of the men — the 
scanty sujiplies worn out — starved horses — leanness of the cattle, and 
total want of forage — difficulty, under such circumstances, of .suj)])ort- 

with a garrison of one hundi-ed and fifty men, under the command of Colonel John Gib- 
son, he returned ^\-ith the remainder to Fort Pitt, destitute of the laurels with which he 
expected his Indian expedition to crown him. 

He returned to Georgia in ITTi), iind participated in the siege of Savannah. lie 
was made a prisoner at Charleston. After being released, he went with his family to 
Virginia, and remained until the close of the war. Returning to Georsria, he found his 
property wasted and liimself reduced to want. In this condition he lived at Savannah 
until the time of his deatli, wliich occurred 30th February, 1806, in his eightieth year. 

In youth, Mcintosh was considered the handsomest man in Georgia. The follow- 
ing was Washington's estimate of him : "Old and inactive — supposed to be hon- 
est and brave. Not much known in the Union, and therefore wotdd not obtain much 
confidence, or command much respect either in the community or the army," 


illy posts at so great distaiK-e in the enemies" cciuntry, and other consid- 
erations urged. * * * And it was owing to the General's determin- 
ation to take Detroit, tliat the very romantic hidhliny. called Fort 3lc7n- 
tosh, was bnilt by tiie liaiids of hnmh'eds wlio wonkl ratlier have fought 
than wrought." [J'ena. Arch. Vol. XI L p. 110.'] 

Again, in a letter to Gen. Washington dated June 5, 1789, he says 
of it: "There is neither meadow, garden, pasture nor spring water con- 
venient to that post." 

In July, 17S0, thirty AVyandot Indians crossed the Ohio five miles, 
below Fort Mcintosh, and killed four out of five men who were reaping 
in a field, taking the fifth a prisoner. Captain Mclntyre's com])any 
from the fort pursued and attacked the Indians, killing and wounding 
many, and recapturing the ]irisoner. They also seciu-ed several canoes 
containing guns, blankets, tomahawks, paint bags, etc., etc. 

In the autumn of 1781, Brig. General AVilliam Irvine relieved 
Colonel Broadhead in command of the department. On the 23d of 
September, 1783, he gives written instructions to AVilliam Lee and John 
McClure " to take immediate charge of the fort, iaiildings and public 
property now remaining at the post of Mcintosh for and in behalf of 
the state of Pennsylvania, (except twij pieces of iron cannon and some 
water casks, tiie ])roperty of the United States), and three thousand 
acres of land reserved for the use of said State.". He gives them direc- 
tions to take entire control of tiie j)roperty, t(_) cultivate a certain amount 
of land, and to protect the timber which belonged to tlie tract. Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Josiaii Ilarmar seems to have been in command in 1785^ 
a montlily return of the troo])s under his control being dated February 
8th. In a letter accompanying the report, he urged the supreme exec- 
utive council to a]i])oint some one to take charge of the fort upon 
his leaving it. On the 27tli of April the council " ordered that General 
Neville be authorized, u]ion his return to Washington county, to- 
place some fit person in the possession of the liuildings at Fort Mcin- 
tosh, with directions to keep them and the jiublic timber upon the 
adjoining lands in a state of as much preservation as possible." {^Col. 
Rec. Vol.XIV.p.US.'] 

Fort Mcintosh was a.handoneil in the winter of 1700-91, and never 
subsequently occujiied. Its houses antl fortifications were used there- 
after only as a shelter for spies, rangers and hunters. In 1795 it had 
reached such a state of decay that the roofs of the several buildings 
had given way, and but one wing, the western, was still standing. 
Joim AVolf and Smiuicl .lohiiston. whiicame in tiie summer of that vear 


to liiiild houses upon the Beaver Coiniuons, erected poh's to uiatcli the 
height of the logs in this wing, and covered them witii l)i-usii to jn'otect 
them against the niglit dews. Under tliis temporary shelter they 
slept at night. 

A very interesting question, and one that excites a warm discus- 
sion is: Wlio was the first permanent settler in Beaver county '. For a 
long time Geoi'ge Baker, ^vhose family Avas captured l)y the Indians on 
Kaccoon creek was supposed to have been the fii-st. Later and fui'ther 
investigations show that Levi Dungan was a resident of the county at 
an earlier date. A brief account of him and his family is in ordei'. 

Levi Dungan was born and reared on a fai'm about nine miles 
from Philadelphia. liucks county, adjoining, is well supjjlied with 
Dungans, the original membei"s of whom were pioneer settlers and 
some of them quite prominent citizens. In the s]iring of 1772, Levi 
located a tract of one thousand acres purchased from a man named 
Stephens, on the head w;iters of King's creek, in what is now Hanover 
township, on the edge of which tract the village of Frankfort is located, 
lie Ijrought Avith him a slave by the name of Lynn, and began at the 
spring which subseiiuently fed Stejihenson's steam mill, an impi-ove- 
ment which consisted in buikling a cal)in, clearing some land and jjlaut- 
ing it with corn, ])otatoes and other vegetables. In the autumn of the 
same year he returned to Philadelphia to get iiis family. His wife was 
JVIary Davis, a small wonuui of AVelsh tlescent who had been reared in 
the family of the celebrated Dr. Benjamin Rush. AVhether she was a 
relative of the doctor is not known; but she had read his medical 
books, and brouoht some of them with her to the new count r v. 

In the year 1789, Mary Dungan journeyed on horsetiack to Phila- 
(lel|)hia in company with some of her neighbors who went mainly to 
secure supplies of salt for the new country, their roads lieing mere 
paths through forests infested by hostile Indians. Mrs. Dungan took 
with her the money necessary to enter the tract of land selected and 
"blazed" out in 1772, and returned in safety, bringing her patents for 
the land dated September 1, 17S'.i. 

One of Dimgan's near neighbors, for a time was ilr. Blazier. He 
settled on a farm about two miles south of Dungan's. Such was the 
beginning of a pioneer settlement in Beaver county. There were no 
mills, no shops, no stores, no churches, no physicians, none of the con- 
veniences of civilized life. ]Mr. Dungan erected the first horse mill in 
the county. C'ajjtain John Braden stated subse(piently that when he 
was a bov he had yone with his father from the mouth of Rac- 


coon creek to this mill, ;i distance of aljout twenty miles, and luul 
not seen any trace of a I'oad. 

Another neighbor at a later date was William l^anofit, who was 
distant about six miles. On one occasion he and a neighbor by the 
name of Isaac Wiseman were down on King's creek to get some corn 
ground. ( )n their return home they were fired n]ion by Indians. 
Wiseman was killed, Langfit was badly womided through the body, 
but falling forward, he clasped his horse around the neck. The 
animal ran to the home of Levi Dungan where the wounded man was 
taken in entirely unconscious. The nearest regular surgeon was at 
Fort Du Quesne, twenty-five miles distant, the way to wliich, if any 
messenger had been available, was guarded by liostile Indians. Mrs. 
Dungan's medical knowledge was now put to a practical test. Having 
examined the body carefully, she discovered that it was perforated with 
bullets, and exhausted by the loss of blood. Tearing a silk handker- 
chief into stri]is, and improvising a probe, she drew the stri])s through 
the wounds, and by the use of lint and bandages staunched tlie flow of 
I)1o(.k1. Then knowledge was ]iower. 

Another dittieulty was encountered. The patient in his weakness 
could take no nourishment. This emergency was met by allowing the 
wounded man to share with her infant child the noui'ishment afforded 
by her own breast. Langtit I'ecovered. and to the day of his death 
accorded to his deliverer a homage closely ajiproaching worshi]). He 
died ill Hanover township, August 23, 1831, aged 95 years. Mr. Dun- 
gan lived to be SO years old. 

The second family that contests with the Dungans for the honor 
of being the first settlers of the county is, as has been stated, that of 
George Baker. He was born three miles east of Strasburg, Germany, 
in 1730-35, and came to America in 1750. Landing on the eastern 
coast, he married within the first three months a small, handsome and 
intelligent English girl. Her wedding dress, the finest quality of silk, 
a piece of which, more than 135 years old, is now in the ]K)ssession of 
George Baker, of New Sheffield, was purchased in England. With his 
newly wedded wife, Mr. Baker began his western journey, and finally 
located in what is now Moon townshij), building a block-house on Rac- 
coon creek It is thought the settlement occuri-ed in 1771, two years 
later than that of Dungan. For a number of years he and his family 
lived peaceably amid the dangers and difficulties surrounding them. 
Finally, amid the darkness of night, being restless he sprang from his 
bed and opened the strongly barred door of the eiihin. No sooner was 


this doiK" tliaii a tall, fierce Indian s])ranjj;- iijinii liim with a lai'ge knife. 
Wresting it from tlie Indian, he thrust the blade through the heart of 
the savage, and despatched him ; but he was immediately seized by a 
number of warriors and overpowere(h Ransacldng the house, and lay- 
ing hold of ^Irs. Baker and her three children, they had decided to 
destroy all at one fell blow, when the recollection of Baker's daring act 
struck awe into their hearts. Im]>re.ssed with his warlike cjualities, 
they decided to spare her on account of her relationship to this newly 
acquired warrior, l>ut to slaughter the jioor. innocent children. The 
sobbing of the mother and the intercessions of the father touched 
their savage hearts, and they concluded to s]>a)'e even the children, pro- 
vided their parents woukl carry them in their enfoix-ed marches. This 
condition was acce})ted. Tlie father took two and the mother one. 
Submissively the captives followed to their Indian ])rison on Lake Erie, 
and finally l)ecame great favorites of their dusky masters, and were 
given the liberties of the camp. Gaining by degrees the full confidence 
of the Indians, they ultimately took advantage of a favoral)le oppor- 
tunity to escape, and returned to their old home in Moon townshij), 
where lie lived many years. Ilis death occurred the 17th day of 
April. 1>S(I2. 

Another of the early settlers whose history is fraught with great 
interest was (ieorge Foulkes. On the second Sunday in March. ITSd, a 
party of Indians attacked a sugar camp on Eaccoon creek. They 
killed five men and took three boys and three girls prisonei-s. Among- 
the latter were George Foulkes, aged eleven years, and his sister, Eliza- 
beth, aged nine. A brother, aged eighteen, was killed and scalped. 
Among the prisoners, too, was a lad by the name of Samuel Whitaker. 
Thomas Dillow was taken in June following in com])any with his 
father and mother, both of whom were cruelly slaughtered. 

Elizabeth Foulkes grew up anujug the Indians, and subsequently 
married Samuel Wiiitaker, a fellow captive, and then located on the 
Sanilusky river, in Oiiio. George was ]irisoner eleven years, during 
which time he became so thoroughly acquainted with Indian character 
as to be fully (|ualitied for the hazardous and importiint work he sub- 
sequently ])erfoi'med — that of an Indian scout. lie was the sjtecial 
friend and [lartner of Captain Sanmcl Ih'ady. (_)n his i-eturn from 
captivity he married Miss Catherine Uilery. who lived on the Ohio 
river. After peace was restored, they removed to a farm (^17'Jt!-!t7) 
about four miles from Darlington, where he died about 1840. His 
descendants have been honest citizens of the countv. 


About the year 1779 Imliaiis came to Kaccooij creek where Will- 
iam Amierson, grandfather of Davitl Anderson of later years, was 
engaged in building a calf ])en, Mud shot him through the left breast. 
Stunned for the moment, and insensiljle to his surroundings, he finally 
recovered sufficiently to start on a direct line for Heeler's block-house,, 
distant several miles, bleeiling co])i()Usly en, rouU\ Meantime, his wife 
hearing the report, started with her infant child into tlie corntields 
which surrounded the house, to make her escajie. The savages mounted 
the fence and looked for her, but did not discover her. She had lain 
down in the high grass with hei- child. It fell aslee]>; and her small 
dog, usually disposed to bark, appreciated the gravity of the position 
and remained jierfectly quiet. She saw the Intiians near her several 
times, but was not discovered. Under cover of nightfall she repaired 
to the fortress where she found her husband much enfeebled from the 
loss of blood. In running to the fortress, his shirt became so saturated 
with blood that he was forced to remove it. A silk handkerchief was 
used upon the wound with the desired effect. Mr. Anderson recovered^ 
and with his heroic wife lived to a good old age, leaving a, numerous 
and respectable ])rogeny to revere their memory. 

The Indians tired the cabin and carried off two boys, step brothers. 
They remained with the Indians for five years or more. Logan returned 
to Fort Mcintosh, and, subsequently marrying in Beaver, went west ta 
grow up with the country. The other, unwilling to leave, married a 
half-breed French woman near Detroit, and had two sons who became 
' chiefs among the Indians. 

The Poes, Andrew and Adam, were conspicuous men in the early 
settlement of the south side. The fierce encounter of the former with 
Bitr-Foot, the giant Indian cliief, and another Indian on the banks of 
the river, is so Avell known tliiit the particulars need not be recounted 
here. When it is remendjered tiiat Big-Focjt is said to have been seven 
feet in height and pro])ortionately formed, it can not seem otherwise 
than strange that Andrew was delighted with the pros]iect of measur- 
ing strength with such an Ajax of the forest. But iiiniself a nu'ghty 
man of valor became out of thectmtest terribly wounded, from which 
he never fully recovered. In conversatitm with his neighbors, he often 
passed through the memoiy of the fight, his dilated pu[)il, quivering- 
and contracted muscles and foaming saliva indicating to the by-stander 
the vividness with which the tragic scenes were recalled to the 
pioneer's mind. 

lie lived idiout a mile from Ilookstown until IS-'n, when he died 


uj>\var(ls of eighty yeai'sof age. His ln'otiiei' Adam, younger by about 
five years than Andrew, removed to Ohio about 182(», and lived there 
until 1S4-0 when he was taken to a great Harrison mass meeting at 
Massillon, to see the old general. He was taken ill and died within 
two weeks. He \vas ninety -five years of age. Many descendants of 
the Poes are yet living in and around Georgetown and scattered 
throughout the west. A daughtei' of Adam is still living at Congress, 
Ohio, ninety-seven years of age. 

Though not a ])ermanent settler, Ca})tain Samuel Brady deserves 
a bi'ief notice. He was liorn at Shi])]>enslnirg, Cumljerland County, Fa., 
in 175(5. When the Revolution broke out. Samuel joined a vohmteer 
company. He was offered a commission, but his father objected on 
account of his youthfulness, suggesting very wisely : " First let him 
learn the tluties of a soldier, and then he will better know how to act 
as an officer." He did learn. 

His brother and father were both cruelly murdered by the In- 
dians in 1778-79. This prompted him to swear vengeance against the 
whole Indian race. How faithfully he kept his vow is attested by the 
acts with which he ]>unished them in Beaver county and the West. 
As a scout and an Indian fighter he could not be excelled. He knew 
the enemy thoroughly, and was a tower of strength and confidence to 
the defenseless settlers of the Ohio and Beaver regions. 

In the Bench and Bar chapter mention is made of the fact that 
William Foulkes is supposed to liave been the first permanent settler 
north of the Ohio river, within the limits of the county. Within five 
or six years, that is by 1797-98, the region was quite fully filled up. 

It is not known to the Avriter who was the first settler noi'th of the 
Ohio ami east of the Big Beavei'. That region was settled, however, 
about the same time as the district to the west of it, that is from 179-t 
to 18(10. The tiifficidty in securing laud titles on the '•Intlian side of 
the river,'" as the north was called, prevented settlements being made 
as early as on the south side. 

As showing who were eai'Iy residents of the county, we luive 
secured the lists of taxables in the three great regions of the county. 
(1) the South mle, (2) the JS^orth .iide west of Big Beaver, and (3) 
the North side east of Big Beaver. The lists on the south side are 
for the yeai' 18()2. The townshi]) did not exist at that date, it seems, 
its teri'itory being included in other townships. 



Anderson, William 
Applegate, Obadiah 
Applegate, David 
Allison, Samuel 
Adams, William 
Brierly, Kobert 
Bell, Hugh 
Boyd, John 
Bacer, James 
Beel, George 
Beel, David 
Brown, Henry 
Burdoo, Nathaniel 
Blair, Robert 
Bell, William 
Carolhers, James (county 

Carolhers, William 
Carothers, Samuel 
Cameron, William 
Carson, Alexander 
Closs, Michael 
Campbell, John 
Counkle, Henry 
Chambers, James 
Calhoon, Johnston 
Coleman, John 
Cain, John 
Dungan, Levi 
Dungan, Isaiah 
Doak, Kobert 
Ewing, James 
Ewing, James Jr. 
Ferrell, James 
Glasgow, Samuel 
Gordon, David Sr. 
Gordon, David 
Gilliland, John 
Gilliland, James 
Harper, Samuel 

Leejier, John 
Laughlin, William (hatter) 
Laughlin, Samuel 
Hanian, James 
Leeper, Robert (tanner) 



Hammon, William 
Hartford, .lames 
Hartford, William 
Henderson, Robert 
Harvut, Jonathan 
Harsey, Andrew 
Hayes, James 
Hutton, John 
Hutchinson. John 
Hackathorn, Jacob 
Hackathorn, Daniel 
Hoge, John 
Irvin, John 
Jarrard, Samuel 
Jenkins, Joseph 
.lamison, William 
Jenkins, William 
Kennedy, Robert 
Karr, David 
Laughlin, William 
Leeper, James 
Langfit, William 
Laughlin, Alexander 
Lewis, Stephen 

Law, (widow) 

Lance, Peter 
McCauley, Andrew 
McCauley, John 
McCollough, Alexander 
McC'ollough. George 
^leCaskey, Matthew 

Martin, (widow) 

Miller, James 
Miller, Hugh 
Murray, Charles 
Miller, Col. Robert 
Moore, Thomas 
McDowell, Matthew 
Alorlatt, Joseph 
McCready, Katherine 

Single Freemen. 

Woods, AVilliam 
Anderson. Robert 
Swearingen, Samuel 
Scott, William 
Hutchinson, James, 

McCready, Hugh 
McHarg, William 
Miller, James Sr. 
Miller, James Jr. 
McCarty, George 
Neilson, Matthew 
Neilson, .James 
Patton, David (from Va.) 
Parks, Thomas 
Peekard. John 
Pepper, Edward 
Ralston, Archibald 
Ramsey, John 
Ramsey, William 
Russell, Henry 
Reed, James 
Reed, James Sr. 
Ritchie. John 
Reed, John 
Reed, Alexander 
Swearingen, Samuel 
Swearingen, Thomas 
Sheever, Andrew 
Stephens, Isaac 
Scott, Catron 
Singleton, Henrj' 
Scott, Rev. George 
Skillen. Mary 
Stephens, Thomas 
Taylor, John 
Tarbit, Nathaniel 
Vinage, Adam 
Wallace, Robert 
AVoods. Archibald 
Whitehill, George 
Whitehill. James 
Wilson, William 
Wilson, Andrew 
Willoviffhbv. Charles 

Henderson, IMaltliew 
Langfit, William 
Langfit, John 
McCready, Daniel 
Hershey, John 



Single Freemen — Continued. 

Ilarsha, Tliomas Law, Allen 

Wilson, John Marlatt, Joseph 

McHai's, Robert Wallace, Hezekiah 

Law, John Park, Thomas 

Ewing, James, assessor ; Patton, David, and Leeper, James, assistants. 


McCauley, George 
Bell, Thomas 
Whitehill, John 
Murray, Joseph 

Ater, Aaron 
Allison, Jolin 
Anderson, Thomas 
Ater, Tliomas 
Ashcraft, Edward 
Agnew, Robert 
Barnes, Thomas 
Bryan, Henry 
Beer, Robert 
•Bonam, Malachi 
Beals, John 
Brunton, John 
Baker, John 
Baker, Anthonj- 
Baker, George Sr. 
Baker, Michael 
Baker, Henry 
Baker, George Jr. 
Burke. Charles 
Braden's Heirs, 
Bousnian's Heirs, 
Brown's Heirs, 
Cooly, Jos. (chair maker) 
Oooley, William 
■Cassidy, William (tailor) 

Oonnelly, (widow) 

Cliftord, John 
Crunk, John 
Chambers, William 
■Cox, Josiali 
•Cooper, Matthias 
Cooper, Jolin 
■Crawford, George 
Crawford, James 
Dodge, John 
DoweU. Nero 
Enslow, John 
Eager, Joseph 
Ellison, Samuel 
Feigley, Jonas 
J"eigley, Zachariah 

Wdsou, Saml. 

French, Robert 
Funkhouzer, Abraham 
Finney, Robert 
Gibb, Ale.xander 
Guthrie, John 
Guthrie, John Jr. 
Hood, Robert 
Hart, Micliael 
Hart, John Jr. 
Hart, John Sr 
Hutchinson, Jas. 
Johnson, James 
Justice, Isaac 
Justice. Putnam 
Jordan, James 
Jordan, Jolin 
Johnson. Andrew 
Knox, James 
Kerr, Joseph 
Lowrj', James 
Lowry, Robert 
Leonard. Nalhan 
Lenox, Charles 
McGee, William 
McGee, John 
McCormick, James 
McLaughlin, James 
McHenry, John 
McHenry, George 
McCollough, James 
McCoy, David 
McClelland, George 
McClelland, James 
!Myers, Jacob 
Miller, Jacob 
Montgomery, Hugh 
McConaughcy, Thomas 
Moore, Thomas 
McDonald, William 
McClelland, Francis 
Nelson, Robert 
assessor, a int. of val. 147.11 

Norton. Jacob 
Nichol, Samuel 
Parkinson, William 
Patton. David 
Parkinson, John 
Ramsey, John 
Reddick, Jolin 
Riddle, Geors^e 
Rutherford, John 
Rambeau, AVilliam 
Reed, David 
Rabb, Andrew 
Rainey, John 
Scott, David _ 
Scott, James ^ 
Sturgeon, John 
Smith, John 
Short, Hugh 
Studam, Zachariah 
Stoops, Edward 
Stoops, William 
Showalter, Josiah 
Speers, Alexander 
Simms, Charles 
Steelman, John 
Thompson, William 
Twiford, James 
Thompson, Wm. ( 
Veasey, Elisha 
Veasey, Elijah 
Vance, Wiliani 
Vigle, Daniel Jr. 
Vigle, John 
Vigle, Daniel Sr. 
Wallace, William 
White, John 
White, Thomas 
Wilson, Samuel 
Winkle, John 

tax |167 



This extended to the Ohio river, emlirai'in^ wliat in isil was called Greene township. 

Auderson, Rev. Jolm D. 

30 acre.5 valued at |9G 
1 horse " " 30 

1 cow " " 13 

Total $138 

Tax 43 

Alspagh, Henry 

Anderson, James 

Anderson, Benj. 

Brady, James 

Bevers, William 

Boyd, Jolin 

Bever, John (Georgetown) 

Bryan, John 

Body, Peter 

Blackmore. Dawson 

Connor, William 

Caldwell, Joseph, Esq. 

Cunningham, Thos. 

Carnagey, Wm. (Georgetown; 

Crail. John 

Craig, James 

Conley, Nicholas 

Campbell, William 

Calhoon, John 

Calhoon, Samuel 

Chrisler, Michael 

Cook, John 

Cooney, Neil (on Wra. 
Laughlin's laud) 

Chrisler, Samuel 

Dawson, Thomas 

Dawson, Benoni Sr. 

354 acres, .")0 cleared, with 
shingled house. $1,050 

Gristmill 450 

Two horses 60 

Four cattle 48 

One j'oke oxen. 30 

Total $1,638 

Davidson, Robert 

Davis, David 

Ducomb, Philip (tavern ke'pr) 

Dungan, Robert 

Davis, Jonas 

Ewing, Ale.\auder 

Elliott, Elias 

Eaton, James 

Eaton, John 

Faulkner, James (on land 

of Geo. McElheny) 
Foster, Thos. (wheelwright) 
Frazier, Wm. 
Gilmore, John 
Gordon, Chris, (hatter) 
Glendy, William 
Goe, Samuel 
Gray, Alexander 
Gray, Robert 
Gordon, Charles 
Hartlc, Michael 
Harslia, William 
Hayle, Hugh 
Hook, Matthias 

(founder of Hookstown) 
Hall, James (distiller, of 

Hook. Henry 
Hood. Robert 
Hutton, Joseph 
Ingle, Henry 
Imbrie. James 
Ingles, James 
Kayris, Frederick 
Kain, .John Sr. 
Kain, John Jr. 
Kain, George 
Kennedy, Samuel 
Kerr, David 
Kimberh-. Wollaston 
Latham, William 
Little, John 

(now spelled Littell) 
Little, Wiu. Esq. 
Laughlin, Thomas 
Laughlin, Samuel 
Laughlin, William 

(owned a gri,stmill, a 

sawmill and a distillery; 

also 300 acres). 
Laughlin, Roliert 
( had 400 acres of land 

and a distillery) 

Laughlin, Jaiues (tanner) 
Lyon, Samuel 

(innkeejier, Georgetown) 
McCormick, James 
Morri.son, Wm. 

(tavern keeper) 
McElbcuy, George 

(farmer and distiller) 
Moore, Jolm 
McCollough, John 
Moore, Thomas 

(widow, in Georgetown) 
Matthew, James 
Morrison, John 
McCollough, .Tames 
McCoy, Alexander 

Monteith, (widow) 

McCallister, David 
Mercer, John 
Matthews, Thomas 
McCaskey, Daniel 

(at month of Mill creek) 
Neilson, James 
NeiLson, Samuel 
Neilson, John 
Nash, Joshua 
Potts, Jonas 
Peak. George (distiller) 
Patton, David 
Poe, Andrew (457 acres — 

95 cleared) 
Potts, Thomas (on David 

Kerr's land) 
Parks, Robert 
Reed, William 

Riley, (widow) 

Rainey, John 

Ritchie, John (on Hook's 

Reeves, Manasseh 
Russell, Wm. (on Charles 

Reed, William) on Arthur 

Garner's land) 
Smith, Thomas 
Shannon, Robert (on C 

Sim's land) 


Stanford, James 
Stanford, John 

Swaney, (widow) 

Searight, Samuel 
Shane, Timothy 
Swearengen, Wm. 
Todd, James 


Taylor, Sarah 
Todd, Joliu 
Thompson, Danitl 
Thompson, Benjamin 
Thomas, Enos 
Thompson, John 
Thompson, James 

Single Fkeemen. 


Thompson, Arcliibald 

Vance, Wm. 

Whitalier. Samuel (hatter, 

Wilson, Samuel 
Wilkinson, Enos (joiner, 


Brady. John 
('rail, Edward 
DarragU, Robert 
J>awson, George 
Davidson, James (George 

Gray, Andrew 
Imrie, David 

Lyons, Abram (George- Moore, Thomas 

town) Patton, Robert 

McClure, Andrew (Cald- Parks, Samuel 

well's Mill) Reed, John 

McCoy, Nathaniel Swaney, Thomas 

McKissock, Andrew Swaney, James 

McBride, Isaac Smith, Penny 

McCoy, John (George- Wilhrow, John 

town) Wilson, Henry 

This valuation was cei'tified 17th March, 1802, by John lirvan, 
Benoni Dawson, and John McCollough. Tliey reconunendetl David 
Kerr as tax collector, the amount being $168.55. 
BEAVER TOWNSHIP— 1803-1806. 

Adams, David 

Aikin, John Sr. 

Beer, Joshua 

Adams, John 

Aikin. Samuel 

Barr, Stophel 

Aiken, John 

Bruce, John 

Bell, Ephraim 

Adams, Alex. s 

Blair, Samuel 

Bell, Isaac 

Ackles. Arthur 

Blair. Joshua 

Bell, John 

Alford, Martha 

Baker. Henry (farmer) s 

Blackmore, Mary 

Applegale, William 

Baker. William 

Blackmore, Thos. s 

Altman, George 

Boyd, Robert 

Blackmore, Mary (Ohio 

Adams, Dr. Samuel (Up- 

Baker, Daniel 


per Falls) 

Burton, Thomas 

Bigsby, Benjamin 

Andrews, Samuel s 

Bo wen, Samuel 

Bevington, Thomas 

Anderson, William 

Browster, Robert 


Btvington, John s 

Anderson, Alexander 

Browster, John 


Bowles, Thomas 

Alcorn, James s 

Beaeoni, William 

Bevinnton, Henry 

Aughenbaugh, Philip 

Btatty, Thomas 

Burns, James 

Andrew, Robert 

Beatty, Jonathan 


Beer, John (innkeeper) 

AUi-son, Isabella 

Beatty, William 


Baird, John 

Alexander, John 

Baird, George 


Byland, Aaron 

Alexander, James 


Beaver, .John (sawmill) 

Arbuckle, Joseph 

Britton, Jeremiah 

Brown, Alexander 

Atchinson, David 

Baker, Robert 

Bevard, Robert 

Amnion, George 

Brook.s, Matthew 

Barns, John 

Amnion, Jacob 

Boies, John 

Black, John 

Aikin, James 

Boies, James 

Bowl, James 

Aikin, John 

Butcher, John 

Bradley. John s 






Bowl. Siimuel 
Barcla.v. George 
Bresbinc, Samuel 
Bowl, Daniel 

Bowl, Thomas 

Bradshaw, Robert 

Book, Jacob 

Beam, Samuel (blacksmith) 

Boyd, Joseph 

Boyd, William s 

Boyd, Andrew s 

Beal, George 
Boies, David s 

Baird, Absalom 

Baird, Closes (Ohio twp.) 

Barns, Henry 

Barnett, Robert s 

Barns, Peter 

Barnett, John s 

Barger, George 

Barnett, John s 

Buckmaster, Wilson 

Brochard, Christopher 

Bannon, Jeremiah 

Bell, Simeon 

Bryan, Nicholas 

Campbell, John (Ohio twp) 

Campbell, David 

Cros.s, John (Ohio twp.) 

Chapman, .Joseph s 

Chapman. James 

Cannon, John 

Cannon, James 

Chapman. Thomas 

Crawford, Robert 

Crawford, .James 

Crawford, John s 

Carothers, James (sur- 

Carothers, Samuel (inn- 

Cawtield, Arthur 

Cochran, Joseph s 

Cochran, George s 

Cocliran, Alexander 

Creatis, I). Ambrose (Ohio 

Chapman, Luke 
Chapman, Samuel s 
Coulter, Jonathan, Esq. 
Clarke, David ^ 

Clark, Robert 

Cooper, David 

Clark, Thomas s 

Cory, Elnathan (distiller) 
Cory, Levi s 

Cunningham. Archibald 

Cunningham, Hugh (inn- 

Clark, David (Beaver Dam 

Copper, Alex. 

Copper, Nathaniel 

Copper, Jlichael 

Carey, Nathan 

Chatley, Francis 

Carey, John (joiner) 

Carson, William 

Cunningham, Benjamin 

Cunningham, Sam'l 

Clark, John 

Coulter, Jonathan, Esq., 

Clark, Walter 

Clark, Charles 

Coon, George (tanner) 

Caughe)', Siunuel 

Cort, Frederick 

Caughey, William 

Cunning, Robert — 

Calvin, Stephen 

Cameron, William 

Cameron, Mary 

Chew, Edward 

Coulson, Jehu 

Clark, John (Georgetown) 

(lalhoon, Sarah 

Calhoon, Samuel 8 

Cloud, Thomas 

Cotton, John 

Cotton, James (Ohio twp) 

(Ihrcstloe, Michael 

Campbell, Corneliu.s 

Cairns, William 

Calhoun, David 
Carnaghan, Mary 
Caldw'ell, William 
Caldwell, Robert 
Colman, John 
Cook, William 
Conner, Jacob 
Conner, John 
Coggswell, William 
Cabbison, Archibald 
Drennan. David Esq., 

(Ohio township) 
Drennan, James (Ohio 

Dillon, Matthew 
Dougherty, Edward 
Davidson, Mary 
Davidson, Charles s 
Davidson, James s 
Datridson, John 
Davidson, William 
Davidson, R. William 
Davidson, Andrew 
Davidson, Robert 
Davidson, Thomas 
Douthett, .Joseph [Douth- 

Demell, Benjamin 
Dobbins, John 
Dobbins, Leonard (distil- 
Dilworth, John 
Duff, David 
Duff, William .s 
Dawson, Benjamin (Ferry 

opposite Georgetown) 
Dawson, AVilliam 
Dilworth, Joseph 
Dilworth, George 
Duff, Alexander 
Duncan, William (Ohio 

Dunn, William (Ohio 

Deveney, Alexander 
Dunlop, Thomas 
Dicke}', Robert 
Dickey, John s 




Dickey. Alex 

Dunniug, John 

Dawson, Nicholas 

Dehaven, William (distil- 

Donahey, George 

Dehaveu, Abram 

Driscoll, Daniel 

Dawson, Thomas 

Dawson, ]>enoni 

Dawson, Michael 

Davis, William (black- 

Davis, David 

Dawson, Thomas (tanner) 

Earl, .John 

Earl, Edward 

Evans, Thomas s 

Elliott, Thomas 

Evans, Eli (nailer) 

Edgar. Robert 

English, Thomas 

English, Andrew s 

Ewing, Samuel 

Elder, John 

Estep, Nathan (carpenter) 

Esp_v, William .sawmill) 

Falkner, .John 

Firestone, Matthias 

Fulks, .Jacob s 

Franks, .John 

Freed, .John 

Fanata, Daniel 

Frew, James 

Fulks, George 

Fanata. James 

Fields, Samuel 

Fullerton, Alex. 

Fowler. James 

I-'ullerton, James 

Fowler, Robert 

Frew, John 

Fulks, William 

Findley, Henry 

Findley, Thomas s 

Findley. David s 

Fulton, John s 

Fox. Ronham 

Forbes, William 
Frew, Alexander (wheel- 
Gutlin, Eunion 
Graham, James (joiner) 
Gordon, John s 
Grove, Joseph 
Guynn, Thomas 
Guynn, John 
Galley, John 
Galley, AVilliam 
Groscost, Alex, 
(ireer. George s 
Goodwin, Samuel 
Guthrie, John (carpenter) 
Guin, John 
Grove, Wendell 
Greer, Guion (distiller) 
Gaston, Hugh 
Gillmore, Joseph 
Groscost, Daniel 
Groscost, John 
Gibson, James 
Garvin, Hugh 
Groscost, Jacob 
Garrel, .James 
Green, Charles 
Gulky, Franci.s 
Graham. Hugh 
Grant. .Jonathan 
Gibson. Henry 
Hunt, George 
Hyatt, [Hight] Anthony 
HufE.'Stator, James 
Hannah, Thomas 
Holmau, Martin 
Hutson, Isaac 
Hutson, AVilliam 
Hoge, William 
Hill, Jonathan 
Hill, John 
Hillis, Thomas 
Harvey, James 
Hannah, Allen (carpenter) 
Hannah, Jean 
Homes. Saml (blacksmith) 
Hunter, .John (innkeeper) 
Hunter, David 

Hartshorn. Jonathan 
Hartshorn, Joshua s 
Hartshorn, Thomas 
Hatfield, Margaret 
Ilenning, Conrad 
Hannah, Alex, (carpenter) 
Hampton, Moses 
Hunter, Robert (farmer) 
Hudson, Matthew 
Hughes, John 
Hughes, Thomas 
Hines, Jacob 
Hooper, John 
Hughes, Rev. Thomas 
Ilalliday, Hezekiali 
Harbison, Robert 
Harbison, jNIatthew 
Hamilton, Thomas 
Hampton, Moses 
Herron, Robert 
Hart, (innkeeper) 
Hayes, David, Esq. (atty.) 
Hays, Adam (blacksmith) 
Hayes, John 
Hemphill, Joseph 
Henry, AVilliam s 

Harmon, Conrad 
Hunt, William 
Heath, Richard 
Hamilton, James 
Ilackathorn, .John 
Hendrickson, Cornelius 
Ilynor, Saml 
Hendrickson, Thomas 
Henry, James 
' Hamilton. Thomas (near 

State Hue) 
Hamilton. William 
Hoops, Townsend, Wilson 

& Co 
Hoops, Josejih (sawmill) 
Hoops, Adam 
Hatcher, William 
Hoop, James 
Hale, Nathan (mill) 
Hayncs, Daniel 
Hyatt [Hight], Thomas 
Ilackathorn. Henry 




Hackatliorn, Jacob 
Hunter, Margaret 
HerroD, James 
Hyatt [night], Peter 
Hook, Daniel 
Hammill, Joliu 
Hill, Elizabeth 
Hall, Kobert 
Hagert}', Hugh (store) 
Houck, John 
Harris, Prudence 
Inraan, Henry 
Indledo, William 
Ingles, Henr3- 
Johnson, Edward s 

Johnson, Andrew 
Jolinson, David s 

Jones, William s 

Justice, AVilliam s 

Johnson, Robert 
Jackson, Thomas 
Johnson, Francis 
Johnson, William 
Johnson, James 
Johnston, Ilance 
Jackson, Hugh 
Johnson, Charles 
Johnson, James 

(Little Beaver) 
Johnson, Andrew 
Johnson, Abraham 
Johnson, James s 

Johnson, Curtis 
Johnson, John (store) 
James, Benjamin 
Johnson, Robert 

(Georgetown roadi 
.Johnson, Samuel 

Johnson, Robert Jr. 
Jones, John 

Jones, William (shoemkr.) 
Jones, David s 

Jackson, Thomas 
Johnson, James 

Johnson,. Samuel Sr. 
Jackman, William 

Justice, Jacob 
Justice, David 
Jamison, Samuel 
Killdoo [Caldoo or Kiddo] 

George William 
Kirk, William (innkeeper) 
Kelso, [Kelsey] John 

Kelson, John Jr. s 
King, John s 
King, Patrick (blacksmith) 
King, Thomas 
Kimberl}', Nathaniel 

Kinney. Peter 
Kirkendall [or Kuyken- 

dall], Henry 
Kirkendall, Christopher 
Keel, Peter 
Kuhn, George (tanner) 
Kuykendall, [Kirkendall] 

Kuykendall, Ezekiel 
Kirkpatrick, Daniel 
Kennedy, James 

(grist and saw-mill) 
Kenne<ly, Thomas 

Kennedy, Dennis 
Kunkle, George 

.'(house burnt) 
Kunkle, Lawrence 
Kunkle, Michael 
Kable, Solomon 
Lewis, John (l)lacksmith) 
Lewis, Thomas 
Leslie, George 
Lambright, John 
Lowry, William 
Lutzenhiser, .Jacob 
Lutzeidiiser, Peter 
Laughlin, Alexander 
Latta. William 
Latta. Andrew 
Lutzenhiser, Henry 
Lowry, Michael 
Lozier, Boston 
Lozier, Peter 

Lozier, Nicholas 
Lindsey, George 
Lusk, Robert 
Luke, Thomas 
Leland, Thomas s 
Light, .John 
Lawrence, John. E.sq. 

Lutton, Charles 
Lyons, James (merchant) 
Lacock, Abner(innkeei)er) 
Louther, .lohn 
Lyons, Jacob 
Louthan, Moses 
Lout ban, James s 
Leland, James 
Leland, William 
Mozier, Samuel 

Jlozier. Jacob 
Matthews, John 
McCoy, James 
Morrison, .James 
JfcKinzie, John 
McCready, William 
McGuire, Archibald 
Marshall, Hugh 
i\IcClelland, Robert 
McGittcgen, Charles 
Jliller, Joseph 
Miller, John 
McKim, James 
McNutt [McNitt], Joseph 
Means, John 
McNitt, William 
McNitt, Robert 

(powder maker) 
Moore, .John 
McCready, John (joiner) 
McKean, .John 
JlcConaughe}', Stephen 

^Morrow, Benjamin 
Mclutire, William 
Mullen, James 
IMuUen, Thomas 
Jlayno, John 
McEwen, .James 




McDowell, James s 
McCarler, Daniel 
Mason, Philip 

McOready, Stewart 
Mc Cready, Hugh 
Moore, Robert 
Marcus, Samuel 
Marshall. John 
Moore, Andrew 
McGehan, [McKean] .John 
Montgomery, Hugh 
McKinlcy, James 
McKniglit, William 
McKnight, Robert 
Murphy, William 
Marshall, Joseph 
Martin, Christopher 
McKibben, .James 
Mclvean. George (tanner) 
Martin, J>aniel Sr. 
Martin, William 
McCoy, Thomas 
McMinn, Robert 
Mercer, William 
McGehan, Briee 

McKeag, Mary 
McCollough, Prudence 
Mitchell, Oliver 
McCanley, John 
Martin. Eleanor 
Mitchell, George 
>IcClure, Denny 

Mclvinzie, Joseph 
McNairy, David 
May, Michael s 
Martin, John 
McClure, John 
McClure, Sanmel 
McCottery, Samuel 
Jloore, Samuel 
Moore, Josejih 
Mosman, John 
McCunnel, James 
McConnel, James Sr. 
Martin, Edward 

Milligan, John 
:McElroy, Matthew 
^Matthews, William 
Matthews, George 
Morrison, Francis 
Mercy, Ctesar 
Moore, John (Ohio river) 
Myler, Elias 
Mason, George 
McKinley, James 
McGatfick, Benjamin 
IMcCo}', Catherine 
McCaskey, William 
McLaughlin, Neal 
McGehou, Brice 
McGehon, .John s 
Nixon, .John 
Niblock, William 
Noble, Thomas s 
Nixon, William 
Nevill, Edward s 
Nevill, Sarah 
Nevill, Thomas 
Oliver, Allen (distillery) 
Parks, James 
Parks, Samuel s 
Powers, Abraham 

Powers. .James s 
Powers, John 
Powers, Abraham 
Powers, Samuel 
Phillips, William 
Pedau, Robert 
Plummer, William, Esq. 
Pugh, Evan 
Pugh, John 
Pounds, Samuel 
Parshall, Samuel 
Porter, Francis 
Potter, David 
Powell, Eleazer 
Parsons, Matthias 
Porter, Thomas s 
Patterson, Thomas 
Partridge, John 
Phillis, Charles 
Phillis, Jacob 

Quigley, James 
Robinson, James 
Robinson, William 
liogers, George 
Rush, Jacob s 
Rusell, James 
Russell, Thomas 
Rainey, Charles 

RalclilT, John 
lieed, John (distillery) 
Rogers, Thomas 
liogers, Jeremiah 
Robb, Alexander 
Robb. Sam'l 
liamsey, Margaret 
Reed, Ruel 
Ross, Thomas 
Realy, Robert 
Rowe, .James 
Reed, Alexander 
Reed, William 

Rail, Noble 
Sharp, John 
Sample, Wm. 
Servers, Jacob 
Sharpless, Benj. 

Stevenson. Thomas 
Stockman. John (sawmill) 
Summ^rland, .John 
Summcrland, William 
Sample, Robert s 

Stevenson, William 
Satton. Thomas 
Sutton, John 
Sprott. Thomas 
Sample, James 
Severs. John 
Slieppard, Benjamin 
Stephenson, .Joseph 
Stevenson, James 
Sprott, John, Esq. 

Smith, Joseph 
Scott, James 





Shoiise, John 

Small, Boston (farmer) 

Smith, Thomas 

Smith, John 

Sprott, Samuel 

Smart, James (blind) 

Stough, Henry s 

Shough, John 

Shields, James (distillery) 

Stough, Jacob 

Snyder, Abraham 

Snyder, Jiichacl 

Simerel, John 

Sampson, John 

Smith, John 

Shaner, Slatthias 

Small, John 

Small, Jacob (blacksmith) 

Starrett, Samuel 

Shaner, David 

Small, John (blacksmith) 

Scott, Wra. (tanner) 

Stevens, Amos 

Sherer, Timothj' 

Shivers, John 

Stevens, John 

Sample, Caldwell 

Smith, Jesse (saw-mill) 

Thompson, Joseph 

Thomas, Elam 
Taylor, John • 
Thomas, .lohn 
Thatcher, John 
Townseud, David 

Townsend, Benjamin 

John Sharp, assessor 

Arbuckle, Samuel 
Atchinson, David 
Arbuckle, Joseph 
Boies, David 
Bail, George 
Beatty, Benjamin 
Buchanan, John 
Bell, James 

Townsend, Joseph (store) 

Townsend, Sharpless & 
Pugh, grist and saw- 

Tedrow, Peter 

Taylor, .Jean 

Taylor, Thomas 

Thompson, Samuel 

Thompson, William 

Todd, Samuel 

Trover, George 

Tremains, ,Iobn 

Turk, .Jacob 

Ulry, Henry 

Vanhorn, Barnet 

Wiley, Samuel 

(grist and sawmill) 

Wiley, Robert 

Wilson, William 

Woods, Hugh 

White, Hugh s 

Wliite, John s 

Williams, William 

Wells, .Joseph 

Wellington, Abraham 

Willis, Geoi-ge 

Wilson, James 

Welch, James 

Wilson, William 

(Ijittle Beaver) 

Wil.sou, Alexander 

Walker, Andrew 

AVoodruff, Joab 

White, Joseph s(distillery) 

AVhite, Joseph Sr. 

Whitaker, James (hatter) 

Waruock, Mary 

Welsh, Felix 
Samuel Caughey, James Boies, 


Baird, Joseph 
Beem, Samuel 
Coulter, .Jonathan, Esq. 
Caldwell, Robert 
Dickey, .John 
Evans, Thomas 
Greer, Guioii 
Hannah, John s 

Wilson, .Jo.sepb s 
Wilson, .John (di.stillery 
Wilson, James, 

(State line) 
Wilson, Thomas 
White, John 
Watson, William 
Wallace, Patrick 
Wilson, Rcbert 
Willis, Martin 
Witherspoon, David 
Walton, Richard 
Williams, Thomas 
Watson, David (tanyard) 
Watson, Robert 
Wilson, James (merchant) 
Watt, John 
Wolf, .John 
Walton, Thomas 
Wiseley, Andrew s 
Wilson, David 
Watson, Jo.seph 
Wiley, William 
Walters, David 
Withrow, David 
Watson, James 
Wilson, John, (Mile Run; 
Wright, Alexander 
AVilliams, Euion 

(grist and sawmill) 
Young, John 
Young, Ephriiim s 
Young, Peter 
Young, James 
Young, William 
Young, Philip 

assistants. March iU, 1802. 

Hemphill, .Joseph 
Henry, William 
Hayes, David 
Hart, Jesse 
Hoops, Joseph 
Holdship, George 
Johnson, Samuel 

Had seven and one-half 




acres, a horse-ferry, and 
one slave — all valued, 

if-MT 00 
A horse and four 

cows 30 00 

Occupation 50 00 

|327 00 

Jones, Levi (tailor) 

Irwin, Joseph 

Light, John 

Lawrence, J. Esq., (brewery) 

Lyon. .lames 
Lacoek, Abiier 
Lawrence, Samuel 
McDowell, James s 
McClure. Denny 
McKinley, Robert 
Pearson, Matthias 
Porter, .Varon 
Keno, Francis 
Raily, John 
Rhodes, Joseph 

Small. John 
Sprott, .Tames 
Small, Jacob 
Sprolt, Samuel 
Shannon, William s 
Watson, David (lanyard)' 
Watson, David Jr. s 
Wilson, James s 
Watts, John 
AValton. Gabriel 
Wier, Hugh 


The territoiy embraced all that part of the count}' lying east of 
Big Beaver river and north of the Ohio from the Allegheny line to 

the north line of the present county limits. 

Atkinson, Alexander 
Allibone, Benjamin 
Altmau, .Vndrew 
Allen, George 
Allen, Daniel 
Allen, Ananias 
Allen, John 
Akins, James 
Aikin, Jolui s 

Aikin, William 
Aikin. Alex. s 
Brannon, Jlichael 
Biers, Ebenezer 
Black, John 
Black, William 
Borlan, John 
Biggs, Benjamin 
Bell, James (Ohio) 
Bayard. Thomas 
Book, Peter 
Boston. Michael 
Brandeberry, Jacob 
Bond, Hugh 
Bell, Jesse 
Bell, Aaron 
Brown, Abraham 
Barclay, Thomas 

Boyle, John 
Custard, John 
Clark, JIark 
Clark, JIark s 
Clark, John s 
Clark, Wm. s 

Carl, Elijah 
Cross, Noah 
Conley, John 
Crowl. John 
Caldwell. James 
Caldwell. Sam'l 
Carpenter, Robert 
Conner. William 
Cunningham, AVm. 
Cunningham, Baruett s 
Daugherty, William 
Daugherty. Edward 
Dunbar, Sanuiel s 
Dougherty. John 
Doty. Timothy 
Dobbs, Charles 
Davis. Basil 
Eaton, Samuel 
Elliott, William 
Foster. John 
Frampton. John 

Flower, James 
Flower, James s 
French, AVm. 
Fra/.er, Henry 
Flauts, Tobias 
Francis, Robert 
Foster, Wm. 
Foster. James 
Freed, James 
Fuukhouser, Jacob 
Gardner. Wm. 
Gordon. John 
Grant, Peter 
Graham, .lames 
Gongaway, Joseph 
Gallagher, Louis 
Hart, Madison 

Hart, • (widow) 

Hendrickson. Wm. 
Haines, Benjamin s 
Hall, Jonathan 
Hazen, Nathaniel s 
Hazen. Isaac 
Hanen, Abel 
Hanen, Joseph 
llouk, Philip 
Henry, William 




Hill, Isaac 
nines, John 
nines, Peter, 
Hunter, Ephraim 
Hunter, Wm. 
Jones, James, 
.Tones, E/.ekiel 
Jones, Daniel 
Jones, Oliver 
Jones, Thomas 
Kester, Noah 
Kester, John 
Kester, Arnold 
Kennedy, James 
Kennedy, Matthew 
Kester, Paul 
Kirkendall, Henry 
Kirkcnilall, Wm. s 
Kirkendall, Daniel 
Kelley, ^Matthew 
Kelley, Majimey 
Kester, .Tames 
Kikendall, Lewis 
Kikendall, John s 
Kikendall, Abraham 
Kikendall, Sam'l 
Lawrence, Daniel 
Lawrence. Isaac 
Lawrence, Henry 
Lawrence, Philip s 

Lawrence, (widow) 

Lovejoy, (widow) 

McGuire, .Tames 
Mitchell, Robert 
Merriman, Earl 
McCo}', Alexander 
McCrary, James 
McCoUom, Moses 
Morton, William 
Morton, John 
McGregor, Duncan 
Miller, Peter (blacksmith) 
Miller, Conrod 
Main, Philip 
JIcKinley, Robert 
Mcintosh, Andrew 
McLean, John 
JIurray, ilatthew 
Miller, Peter 
Nye, Andrew 
Noble, Thomas s 
Orr, William 
Oliver, .loscph 
Oldham, Edward 
Petlit, Nath.aniel 
Piersol, Sampson 
Picrsol, Jacob 
Power, Richard 
Power, Sam'l s 
Peppard, Jonathan 
Reno, Francis Rev. 
Reno, Robert 
Runj'an, Stephen 
Runyan, Abner 
Robinson, Joseph 
Ramsey, Samuel 
Robinson, .Tohn s 
Rough, Jacob 
Robinson, Joseph 
Robinson, John 
Shepherd, Gabriel 

Showalter, Christopher 
Simmons, Thomas 
Swager, Henry 
Starr, Noble 
Starr, John 
Smith, John 
Stewart, Lewis 
Sloan, Thomas 
Smiley, Hugh 
Smith, Aaron 
Stewart, John 
Semple, William 
Sprott, .Tames 
Thompson, Moses 
Tucker, Allen 
Thomas, William 
Traver, I^eonard 
Vangordon, Jacob 
Wolf, Adam 
Woods, Robert 
Woods, William 
Waller, Richard 
"Wade, Samuel 
Will, William 
Wolf, John 
Warner, Arnold 
AVarner, Jacob 
Wilson, Andrew 
Wilson, Hugh 
Welch, Valentine 
White, Robert 
White, Samuel 
White, .Tames 
Welch, William s 
Wilson, John 
Walker, Robert 
William, Enon ' 

Yoho, Jacob 

Litton, Sarah 
Leet, Jonathan 
Lukens, Thomas 
Lesley, Samuel 
McQuiston, John 
Magaw, James 
Moore, James 

Ananias Allen, assessor ; Jonathan Peppard, Stephen Runyan, assistants. 

In the foregoing townsliip was embraced the tract of 8,5(50 acres 
belonging to Benjamin Chew, of Phihidelphia, and generally known 
as the " Chew Tract." 


In December, 1S37, the townsliip was sidxlivided into Shenango 




and Slipperyrock. The territory was, in 1849, detaclied and joined 
to Lawrence county. These inhabitants all dwelt east of Big Beaven 
and north of the territory given as Sewickley Townsliip in the fore" 
going list. 

Aiken, Robert 
Applegate, AYilliam 
Black, Samuel 
Black, John 
Bell, John 
Book, Jacob 
Butcher, John 
Chambers, Alexander 
Cairns, William 
Cook, Rev. Alexander 
Cunningham, Benjamin 
Cunningham, William 
Copper, Jcseph 
Cubbison, Archibald 
Conner, Jacob 
Conner, John 
Caniday, Dennis 
Copper, Alexander 
Copper, Ralph 
Clines, Henry s 
Caniday, Miller 
Englisli, Samuel 
English, Andrew 
Frew, James 
Frew, Alexander s 
Fisher, George 
Fulton, John 
Frew, John 
Frew. Alexander Jr. 
Gastin, Hugh s 
Heth, Richard M. 

Houck, John 
Harpsh, George 
Hendrickson, Cornelius 
Johnson, James 
Jack, Andrew 
Johnson, David 
Jackson, Samuel 
Jackson, William 
*Kuj-kendall, Benjamin 
*Kuykendall, Ezekiel 
Keldoo, George 
Lotton, Charles 
Lewi.s, Jehu 
Martin, William 
Morrow, Thomas 
McComb, AVilliam 
Miller, John 
McCandless, James 
Mackey, John 
Moore, William 
Miller, John Jr. 
Martin, John 
Moore, John 
McClure, Samuel 
Morrow, Charles 
Morrison, Francis 
McKee, James 
JIatthewson, .John 
McClelland, Thomas s 
Mercer, C'jcsar 
Parks, William s 

Pollock, Samuel 

Pol lock, 'Dr. Joseph (saw 

Pollock, James 
Eigby, Seth 
Stewart, John C. 
Stewart, Robert 
Siftin, Edward 
Stewart, Samuel 
Springer, Samuel (black 

Sharp, Paul 
Sample, Robert 
Squire, James 
Squire, William 
Squire, Nathaniel 
Stickle, Samuel 
Scott, William 
Stewart, James 
Scott, .lohn 
Templeton, Thomas 

Tiltou, John 
Tyndall, William 
Taylor, Samuel 
Townsend, Josh 
Vigall, Abraham 
Vance, James 
Wilkinson, William 
Whaun, Samuel 
Wilson, James 
YouuLS Robert 

The following is a mortuary list of aged persons and persons of 
pi'ominence in various parts of tlie count3^ The facts were gathered 
from imperfect files of newspapers, and hence do not reijresent all 
the years fully. It is the best that could be done under the 

1817. 23 December, George McKee, aged 47 years. 

1819. Aug\ist, John Small, aged 72 years. 

1821. 29 October, David Hays, aged .53 years and 7 days. 

^Probably Kirkendall, as in Sewickley. 




/■^ ./(^^C^i-^i^i 




1833. 16 July. Tliomas Hunter, born 11 Februiiry, 1784. 
1825. 10 .\ugiist, Edward Waggoner, aged 50 years. 

1838. William Wray, aged 85 years. * 

182!). 18 December, Isabella Wray, aged 85 years. 

1830. 37 August, Elizabeth, wife of Gen. Samuel Power, aged .52 years. 

1831. 10 May, in ISeaver, Mrs. Catherine Reisinger, aged 71 years. 33 August, in 
Hanover township, William Langfltt, aged 95 years — an old revolutionary veteran. 7 
September, in North Beaver township, Jeremiah Bannon, a revolutiouaiy veteran, aged 
84 years. 16 October, James S. Stevenson, deceased was an ex-member of Congress, 
and liad in a long public career made many warm political friends, and as many enemies 
on account of his partisan.ship. 30 October, at residence of son-in-law, He/.ekiah 
Wallace, in Hanover township, Alexander McCuIlough, aged 86 years. He was a native 
of Scotland, and came to this country in 178C, settling in Hanover township where he 
resided to the time of his death. He was, during all this residence in the township, a 
Christian man, and took a prominent part in the organization of the Mill Creek congre- 
gation, of which he was a ruling elder for overforty years. 15 December, in Jloon town- 
ship, Henry Alcorn, aged 90 years. 13 August, at his residence, in Ohio township, 
David Drennan, one of the associate judges of Beaver coiuity, about 70 years of age. 

1833. 31 January, in New Sewickley township, James Moore, an old revolutionary 
soldier, aged 80 years. 4 March, in Little Beaver township, Daniel Campbell, aged 85 
years. He came to America about the comm'!ncen\ent of the Revolutionary War. in 
which he participated for American independence. He was a lineal descendant of John, 
Duke of Argyle, 8 April, William Leet, born 4 August, 17.58. 3 May, Susanna, wife 
of William Leet, born 23 July, 1764. 

1834. 29 Jlarch, in Moon township, John Boyd. 1 April, in North Beaver town 
ship, William Mevay, aged 73 years. 4 April, in Brighton township, John Light, Sr., 
ged 80 years. 12 April, in South Beaver township, Mrs. Prudence McMillen, aged 77 
years. 20 JEay, Hon. Jos. Hemphill, aged 62 years, 5 months. 24 June, in Economy, 
Frederick Rapp, aged 50 years. 3 September, Jane, wife of Felix Mulvanon, Sr., born 
in County Antrim, Ireland, aged 64 years. 26 December, in North Beaver township, 
Henry Dinsmore, aged 77 years. 

1835. 11 April, in Little Beaver township, Jonathan Hartshorn, aged 77 years. 9 
■October, in Beaver, Thomas Hoops, aged 70 j'ears. 

1836. 28 February, in North Beaver township, Robert Lusk, aged 75 years. 5 
March, in North Beaver town.ship, Joseph Wilson, aged 70 years. 11 April, in North 
Sewickley township, James Caldwell, aged 80 years. 37 April, in Green township, Mat- 
thias Hook, the founder of Hook.stown, aged 89 years, 36 June, near Hookstown, John 
Thompson, aged 77 years. He had been an earnest temperance reformer, and also a 
ruling elder in the Jlill Creek Presbyterian church. 13 August, Rev. Francis Reno, born 
7 February, 1759, ordained a minister of the Protestant Episcopal church, 8 October, 
1793. 10 October in Ohio township, Mary Hartan, aged 95 years. 39 October, in Ohio 
township, James Hartan, husband of preceding, aged 95 years. 

1837. 6 March, David Johnson, aged 90 i^ears. He was the first prothonotary of 
Beaver county. 31 May, in Bridgewater, Mrs. Mary Reno, aged 79 years. 9 December, 
in Beaver, David Boies aged 60 years. He was a resident of the county over forty 
years, and had been a prominent and worthy citizen. 

1838. 3 April, in Raccoon township, John Crail, aged 93 years and 4 months. He 
was one of tlie earliest settlers of Allegheny county, but removed to Beaver county about 
forty years prior to his death. He was an active and devoted' member of the M. E. 
church. 16 May, in Big Beaver township, Samuel Bowan, a revolutionary soldier, aged 


100 years and 3 months. 23 December, in New Sewickley township, Ilugli Jackson, 
aged TO years. 

18;i9. Oclolier, in Borougli township. Feli.x Mulvanon, Sr., a.^ed 75 years. He 
was born in county Aulrini. Ireland. 3 December, in Xew Brighton, Dr. Wm. 3IcCul- 
lough, formerly of Georgetown, aged 71 years. 

1!S40. 13 January, James Agnew, M.D.. aged G3 years. 31 jAIarch, in Little Beaver 
township, Enoch Marvin, aged 60 years. He was a great wool grower. His amiable 
disposition and benevolence endeared him to all the people, and his liberality and public 
spirit were displayed on all proper occasions. His means were never withheld from a 
laudable unilertaking, or to relieve the distress of his neighbors. 30 June, in Hopewell 
townshi]!, David Jl'Crtllistcr, Sr., aged 72 years. He had l)een a resident of the coimty 
for nearly tifty years, and sustained a high character for virtue and integrity. 12 July, 
in North Sewickley township, JIatthew Kennedy, aged 75 years. He had long been a 
resident of tlie county, and bore an exemplary character. 22 August, in Beaver, Gen. 
Samuel Power, aged 06 years. He was one of the earliest settlers in the county, 
having lived in it about forty years. He was prominently identilicd with its publicenter- 
prise, and bore a reputation for probity and integrity. 10 December, in New Brighton, 
Joseph Hoops, aged 71 years. 

1841, 16 April, James W. Hemphill, born 24 July, 1801. 1 May, near Freedom, 
Mrs. Hannah, wife of Gen. Abner Lacock, aged 70 years. 5 June, in Freedom, Dr. 
William Schraid, aged 63 years. 13 December, in Borough townsliip, James ilcCreery, 
aged 73 years. 

1>*42. 23 February, in Chewton, George Lightner, aged 94 years. 8 !March, in 
North Beaver township. Mrs. Estlier Leonard, aged 81 years. 2 October, William 
Vicary, aged 71 years. 

1843. 31 January, John Boles, aged 55 years. 21 Februar_v, in North Sewickley 
township, Mrs. Hebecca Runyan, aged 86 years. 7 April, in North Beaver township. 
Rev. James Wright, aged 60 years. For thirty-eight years he was a zealous minister to 
the Westfield Presbj'terian congregation. 2 June, in Green township, Robert JIcHarg, 
aged 02 years. 20 September, in Raccoon township, John Kerr, aged 84 years. 12 
October, in Freedom, Robert Hall, aged 71 years. 10 November, in North Beaver town- 
ship, Henry Weyand, aged 50 years. 34 November, in Freedom, James Freedom, aged 
73 yeans. 2 December, in Hanover, Andrew McC'auHey, aged 90 yeai's. Deceased had 
been a resident for nearly 50 years. 

1844. 2 April, in Rochester township. Hugh McLean, aged 60 years. 6 April, in 
New Brighton, Nathaniel Coburn, an aged soldier of the Revohition. 10 April, in Rac- 
coon township, Arthur Campbell, aged 50 years. He had held many olHces in the 
county, being county commissioner at time of death. 26 May, in Little Beaver town- 
ship. Gen. John A. Scroggs, aged 68 years. He came from Cumberland county aT>out 
thirty years priorto his death and purchased the farm on which he subsequently lived and 
died. He was a prominent official, both of state and church, and an exemplar}' citizen. 
28 August, in Chippewa township, Jeremiah Britton, aged 70 years. 30 September, in 
Clarksville, Johnson County, Ark., Rev. Wm. JIclA'an, aged 55 years. He was an 
Englishman by birth, and after coming to this country, served for a time as pa.stor of 
the Beaver Presbyterian church. 

1845. 27 February, in North Beaver township, JIartin Shaffer, aged 77 years. 14 
March, in Beaver county, John Walker, aged 81 years. He was born in Ireland, but 
came witli his parents to America at an early age. He was a devoted member of the 
Presbyterian church. 3 .Tune, in Shenango township, Sebastian Jleshamer, aged 90 
years. He served during the whole of tlie Revolution. 29 Julv, in North Beaver town 



ship, Mrs. Hannah Shearer, aged 80 years. 2 -Inly, in Beaver, William Clarke, aged 75- 
years. lie was born in Chadsford, Del., but early removed to Oanonsljurg, Washington 
county, "where, in 1798, he was appointed by Gov. MitHin a ju.stice of the peace. After 
the organization of Beaver county he removed to Beaver in 1804, wheie lie lived till the 
time of his death, holding the office of justice for a period of thirty-six years. He was a 
member of the Presbyterian church in Beaver from its organization, and died in its faith. 
24 August, in Beaver, Mrs. Jane Hemphill, widow of Judge Hemphill, aged 78 years. 
She was born near Mercersburg, Franklin county. Pa., and removed witli her brother 
the late David Beaver, about 1797, and was married in 1800. 17 September, 
in Borougli township, James Ueed, aged 100 years, 1 month and 4 days. He was a 
rcfolutionary veteran. 29 October, in Chippewa township, Thomas Warner, aged 74 
years. 4 November, in Beaver, Mrs. Margaret Eakin, consort of David Eakin, aged 73 
years. 20 December, in Ohio township, John Hunter, aged 88 years. For nearly half 
a century he was a respected resident of Beaver county. 

1846. 80 January, in North Sewickley township, Andrew .Jackson, aged 79 years. 
9 April, in Hopewell townsbip. Rev. Andrew McDonald, aged 08 years. He graduated 
at Jefferson College 27 October. 1803. After .studying theology under Rev. John' 
McMillen, D. D., he was licensed to preach in 1806. and was installed pastor of the Mt. 
Carmel and Sharon congregations (then known as White Oak Flats and Flaugherty) 24 
August, 1809, continuing in this relation for 13 years with great success; but owing to 
mental derangement, the connections were severed. A few months prior to his death, 
however, he recovered his reason, and was able to write a letter to his family, mente snna. 
18 April, in North Sewickley town,ship, Abner Runyon, aged 70 years. 24 April, in 
North Sewickley township, Mrs. Prudence Wilsou, aged 78 years. 5 May, in Green 
township, George Heckathorn, aged 95 years. 1.") June, in Slippery Rock township. Rev. 
Alexander Murray, aged 72 years. 12 July, Elizabeth, relict of Edward Waggoner, 
aged 73 years. 13 July, in Moon township, James Todd, Sr., aged 86 years. 18 August, 
Dr. Milo Adams, born 31 January, 1791. 30 August, in Chippewa township, Thomas 
Stratton, a revolutionary soldier, aged 88 years. 26 September, in Hopewell township,. 
John Spaulding, aged 78 years. He was a native of Scotland; but at the time of liis 
death he had been a resident of Beaver county nearly twenty-eiglit years. He 
was a member of the Associate Reformed church, and a man of sterling merit. 
3 October, James McCown, aged 77 years; and three hours later, his wife, jNIargaret 
McCown, aged 69 years. 20 October, in Brighton township, William Gibson, aged 79 
years. 16 November, Archibald Stewart, aged 47 years, 11 months. 

1847. 28 January, in Big Beaver townshiii, Capt. Alexander Wright, aged 88 
years. 28 January, in Big Beaver township, Jonathan Beatty, aged 76 years. 31 
January, in Brighton township, Mrs. Mary Kennedy, aged 60 years. 19 February, in 
Hanover town.ship, jNIrs. Margaret Moore, aged 84 years. 27 JIarch, in Old Brighton, 
Mrs. Margaret Baker, aged 80 years. She was an exemplary member of the Presbyterian 
church. 6 August, in Big Beaver townsliip, Joseph S. Line, aged 88 years, 6 months 
and 21 days. He entered the revolutionary army at the age of 17, and served at Lexing- 
ton, Bunker Hill, Brandywine, Germantown, Monmouth, Trenton, (lowpens, and at the 
surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown. lie was held a prisoner in New York by the 
British for fifteen months. He married in 1787, and lived happily with his wife for 52 
years. In 1823 he removed to his residence in Big Beaver township. 15 August, in 
Green township. Rev. George Scott, aged 88 years. He was the faithful pa.stor of the 
Mill Creek congregation for over forty years. 15 August, in Rochester, Atlas E. Lacock, 
aged .54 3'ears. 16 August, in North Beaver township, John Coleman, aged 99 years. 
He was a revolutionary soldier, and was buried with military honors. 31 August, James 


Eakin, aged (it years. 11 September, in North Sewicklcy township, James ICaster, and 
on 27 July, Ruth, his wife, both aged 72 years. 25 September, in Brighton township, 
Andrew Watterson, aged 72 years. 20 December, in North Beaver township, James 
Pullertou, Sr., aged 73 years. 

IS-llS. 23 January, in Beaver, Jlrs. Jane Allison, wife of James Allison, aged 72 
years. She liad Ijeen a resident of the borough nearly fifty years. 22 Feliruary, in 
Borough townsliip, ^Irs. Jane Kelley, aged 81 years. Slie had been, during life, a 
faithful member of the Presbyterian church. 20 February, in North Beaver township, 
James AUsworth, aged 88 years. He was a native of Franlilin county, but had lived in 
Beaver count}' during the forty-four years preceding his death. For sixty-four years he 
had been a member of the Presbyterian church. 20 March, in Chippewa township, 
William Niblock, aged 82 years. 19 Jlarch, in Little Beaver township. JIajor Jolin 
Sharp, aged 75 years. 15 August, James Logan, aged 74 years, 5 mouths. 

1849. 13 March, in Perry township, Andrew Elliott, aged 71 years. 14 April, in 
Little Beaver township, Thomas Moore, aged 71 years. 11 May, in South Beaver town- 
ship, George Barclay, aged 94 years. He had been an honorable and respected resident 
of the county for over half a centurj'. 2 May, in Brighton township, Sauuiel Law, aged 
77 years. 26 Jlay, in Shenango township, Capt. .lames Cubbison, aged 07 years. 4 
Jul_y, in Moon township, Adam Stone, aged 75 years. 13 July, in Perry township, John 
Swick, a revolutionary soldier, aged 87 years. 20 July, Thomas Henry, born 10 May, 
1781. 3 August, in Bridgewater, Gen. John Mitchell, aged 69 years. He was a native 
of Cumberland county, but early removed to Center county, of which he was twice 
elected sheriff. He also served two terms in Congress. In 1842, he removed to Beaver 
county, and was appointed superintendent of the Erie E.xtension Canal. Honest and 
industrious, he died poor, but left to his children 

" That aood fame 
Without which Glory's but a taxei-n sons." 

12 August, in Big Beaver township. James Powers, aged 70 years. 

1850. 17 February, in Green township, .Joseph McFerran, aged 80 years. He was 
both a civil and religious officer for many j'ears. 23 JIarch, in Green township, Mrs, 
Elizabeth ^IcFerran, widow of preceding, aged 83 years. 24 March, in South Beaver 
township, Andrew John.ston, aged 88 years. He had resided on his farm in that town- 
ship for fifty-thi'ee years. 13 May, in Beaver, James M. Power. 30 May, in Franklin 
township, William McQuiston, aged 70 j'ears. 14 July, Agnes S., relict of William 
Clarke, aged 74 years. 1 August, Mary, wife of William Vicary, born 5 December, 1783. 
10 August, David Somers, aged 57 years, 10 months. 20 August, in North Sewickley 
township, William Clark, aged 74 years. 29 August, Sarah, wife of David Brotherton, 
aged 50 years, 10 months. 14 September, in Georgetown, Thomas Foster, aged 70 years, 
21 October, in New Brighton, Mrs. Ellen Hoops, aged 82 years. 

1851. 27 April, in Ohio township, George ^lason, a,gcd 77 j-ears. 21 Jlay, in Ohio 
township, Jlrs. Catherine Mason, widow of preceding, aged 79 years. 8 July, Jlary. 
wife of Samuel Schley, aged 70 years. 20 September, Thomas Scott, born in Ireland, 
12 May, 1795. 

1852. 10 January, in New Brigliton, Lsaac Wilson, an early settler of the coVinty, 
aged 84 years. 10 March, in Slipperyrock township, Hon. James Henry, one of the 
associate judges of Lawrence county, aged 63 years. He was born in Westmoreland 
county, and in 1797 removed to what was afterwards Beaver county. Subsequently, 
however, he made Lawrence county his home. 25 March, Esther, wife of John Wolf, 
aged 70 years 8 months. 29 July, in Moon township. Daniel Weigle, a resident for 
over fifty-five years of the township in which be died, aged 75 years. 19 Sejitember, 


James Jackson, aged 70 years. 31 October, in Brighton township, ITajor James Kennedy, 
aged TO years. 11 November, in Ilookstown, Mrs. Anne, wife of Rev. Geo. Scott, 
aged 79 years. 

185;-!. 14 March, in P.eavcr, Hon. John Dickey. lie represented the county credit- 
ably in the State Senate; was elected to Congress two successive terms; and atthe time of 
his death was marshal of the western district of Pennsylvania. 7 April, in Economy 
township, John Minis, aged G9 years 5 April in New Brighton, Mrs. Parmela Town- 
send, aged 83 3'ears. 29 July, in Beaver, James Lyon, aged 78 years. He was born in 
Westmoreland county in the first year of the Revolutionary War. When he was six years 
old, the Delaware Indians made an a.ssault upon his father's house, killing the father and 
carrying James and an elder In'other away as prisoners. (See sketch elsewliere.) At 
fourteen years of age Mr. Lyon took .service with the prothonotary of Allegheny 
county, writing in his office for several years. On 26 July, 1800, Mr. Lyon located in 
Beaver, and wasaresident until the time of his death. He brought with him a stock of 
merchandise, and continued in the mercantile business for about thirtj'-tive years, grad- 
ually acciuiring a competence. In 1821 Mr. Lyon was elected sheriff, and subsequently 
occupied other official positions, all of which he honored. He died at a good old age, 
leaving a worthy example to his race. (> September, Ann Catherine, wife of David 
Jolinson, aged 89 years. 

1854. 21 March, in Bridgewater, Mrs. Esther Small, aged 73 years. 24 October, 
David Porter, born in 1794. 31 October, in Bridgewater, Col. David Boies, aged 49 

1856. 25 January, in North Scwickley township, Mrs. Mary Kenned}', aged 90 
years. 25 February, in Frankfort, Ruth Roberts, aged 72 years. 25 April, in Inde- 
pendence township, John McConnell, aged 81 years. 1 August, in Brighton township. 
Col. Henrj' Small, aged ti2 years. 28 September, Mrs. Mary Reisinger, aged 59 years. 
3 October, in New Castle, Dr. Joseph Pollock, aged 68 years. 3 October, in Economy 
townsliip, Mrs. Mary Minis, aged 74 years. 26 December, in Inde|iendcnce township, 
Peter Shields, aged 76 years. 29 DeceTnber, aged 84 years, Mr. John Staid, one of the 
oldest members of the Harmony Society. 

1857. 31 January, in Brighton township, Johtf Wolf, aged 80 years. 6 April, in 
Beaver, James Wilson, aged S3 years. He was the father of S. B. and Marmaduke Wil- 
son. 11 April, in Raccoon township, Archibald Harvey, aged 70 years. 13 May, in 
Brighton township, Samuel Cross, aged 70 years. 8 June, near Darlington, Robert 
McMinn, aged 92 years. 28 June, near Darlington, Robert Dilworth, Sr., aged 71 years. 
6 September, in North Bridgewater, William McMillin, a .soldier of 1812, aged 77 years. 
15 September, Mary Braden, aged 76. She had been a consistent member of the M. E. 
church. 21 September, in Sewickley township, David Shields, aeed 77 years. 

1858. 10 April — tombstone inscription : "General William JIarks, born in Ches- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, in 1778. With his parents he cros.?cd the mountains in 1783, 
and endured all tlie perils and hardships of an early pioneer life. For thirty years he 
served his country in various offices ; for twelve years he was Speaker of the Senate of 
Pennsylvania, for si.x years a member of the Senate of the United States. In every rela- 
tion of life he was above reproach. The friend of all — the benefactor of the poor — a 
peacemaker, he left the world without an enemy, and, followed by the tears and bless- 
ings of many, died in Beaver, 10 April, 1858. Long a member and elder of the A. R. 
Presbyterian church, he died in the full hope of the everlasting Gospel, and welcomed 
the grave as the gate of Heaven." 12 April, in Green township, Richard McClurc, aged 
82 years. 22 June, in Brighton township, Jacob Noss, aged 85 years. 15 September, 


in Pittsbiirgb, Dr. Tliomes Fry, aged 78 years. lie was formerly of Georgetown, Pa. 
26 October, Sarah H., wife of Thomas Henry, born 30 August, 1T86. 

1859. 16 April, Xaac}', relict of David Porter, aged .51 years. 12 Jlay, James, 
son of General Samuel Power, born 5 October, 1810. 10 September, in Vanport, Elea- 
nor M. , daugliter of Felix Mulvanon, Sr., born in County Antrim in April, 1802. 14 
November, John Mulvanon, born in County Antrim, Ireland, aged 67 years. 

1860. 4 February, John II. Shannon, born 11 October, 1784. (See sljetch in chap- 
ter on Bench and Bar.) 4 August, Dr. Richard Butler Barker, born 23 November, 18( 3. 

8 August, Mrs. Jlary, relict of Archibald Stewart, aged 66 years. 18 December, John 
Carothers, born 11 March, 1793. 

181)1. 7 February, in Vanport, Adam Mulvanon, aged 66 years. He was born in 
County Antrim, Ireland. 

1862. 16 January, in Beaver, Mrs. Sarah Anderson, aged 71 years. 10 April, in 
Rochester, John Reno, aged 77 years. He was the son of Rev. Francis Reno, and had 
been one of the early settlers of the county. 11 September, Lieut. Wm. J. Marks, 
aged 47 years. He died from a wound received on the battlefield in defense of his 

1863. 15 January, Jolin Hurst, aged 80 year.s. 16 January, Hannah "\Vray, born 

9 August, 1789. 6 February, in Beaver, Jlrs. Dorcas C. wife of James Allison, aged 62 
years. 13 Fel>ruary, in Pulaski township, Samuel Ba.xter, aged 67 years. 14 April, in 
Rochester, Mrs. Sarah Bloss, aged 75 years. 15 April, in Rochester, Mrs. Delilah Pol- 
lock, aged 94 years. 25 July, in Marion town.shi]), Joseph Phillis, aged 76 years. 30 
July, in Beaver, Mrs. Hannah Shannon, aged 80 years. 2 September, Jlrs. Elizabelli 
Dunlap, aged 88 years. She was for about forty-five years a member of the Presb}'- 
terian Church. 

1864. 19 April, in South Beaver towu.ship, George C. Bradshaw, late treasurer of 
Beaver county, aged 34 years. 25 May, in Chippewa township, John Braden, Sr., aged 
84 years. 21 June, in Big Beaver township, John Irabrie, aged 71 years. 11 September, 
Nancy, wife of Wm. Scott, aged 64 years. 17 September, Lieut. Jolm D. Stokes, 
born 13 April, 1820. AVas lieutenant Company F., 140 Pennsylvania Volunteers ; 
wounded at Gettysburg, and died from effects of wound. 9 December, in Brighton 
township, at residence of his lirother in-law, Joseph AVray, Samuel J. Uea, a well-known 
Ilarrisburg correspondtnt. 29 December, in Chippewa townsliip, Andrew Welsh, 
aged 71 years. 

1865. 1 P^bruary. in Bridgewater. ilrs. 3Iargaret E. Ankeuy, aged 74 years. 5 
March, in New Brighton, Thomas Devinney, coroner of the county, aged 62 years. He 
had been for forty years a prominent member of the j\[. E. church 23 April, Mrs. Jane, 
wife of John Small Sr. , aged 79 years. 2 May, Charlotta, wife of John Shane, aged 
79 years. 29 September, Thomas Cunningham, born 21 February. 1811. 20 April, in 
Vanport. Feli.x Mulvanon, Jr., born in County Antrim. Ireland, in 1809. 

1866. 12 January, in Brighton township, Richard Ayres, aged 92 years. ■ 9 Janu- 
ary, in Beaver, James McCullough, aged 80 years. 12 February, in Freedom, Mrs. 
Isabella Hall, aged 90 years. Her husband, Robert Hall, having died some twenty 
years previous, she lived with her daughter and son-in-law. She was married in 1795, 
at the age of 18, and was the mother of twelve children, six of whom survived her. At 
the time of her deatli her progeny consisted, in addition to those already mentioned, of 
forty-seven grandchildren, thirty-four great-grandchildren, and two great-great grand- 
cliildren. She was a pious woman, having been a member of the Church of Christ for over 
si.xty years. 23 March. Mrs. Marj' Ann, relict of Dr. Wm. McCullough, aged 90 years. 
25 March, in Bridgewater, Mrs. Mary Proudly, aged 60 years. 17 September, in Industry 


township, George Engle, aged 77 years. 14 November, in Beaver, Samuel Bess, aged 
76 years. 27 November, Wm. Scott, aged 71 years. 

1S67. 27 January, Peter Small, aged 72 years. 28 January, at rniouville, Mr.s. 
Sarah A. Welsh, aged 93 years. She had been a resident of the county for fifty-five 
years. 31 January, in South Beaver town.ihip, Mrs. Jane Johnston, aged about 100 
years. 6 February, in Beaver, Capt. John May, aged 65 years. 2 February, in Roch- 
ester, Jane, wife of Ovid Pinuey, aged 76 years. 4 April, in Moon township, John 
Douds, aged H9 years. 5 May, in Beaver, Mrs. Catherine, wife of Rev. Jo.shua Monroe, 
aged 80 years. 13 May. in Independence township, Mrs., mother of Thomas 
Standish, Esq., aged 103 years. 24 JIny, in l{oches1er, Sylvester Dunham, Esq., aged 
74 years. 4 June, in Beaver, Hon. Benjamin Adams siged 81 years. He was an old and 
worthy citizen. As a public officer, he was highly esteemed for his impartiality. As 
a Christian, he was loved and prized for his positive, uncompromising religious influ- 
ence, and for his benevolence, which always responded to a worthy cause. He was 
proverbial for his veracity and honesty in the transaction of business. 24 June, Jolm 
Small. Sr., aged 81 years 8 months. 24, in New Brighton, Mrs. Lydia T. Men- 
denball, aged 89 years. For nearl}' .seventy years she lived in that region, being all the 
time a consistent member of the Society of Friends. 1 C)ctober, in New Brighton, 
Robert Townsend, aged 77 years. 

1868. 1 March, Rev. Win. Stevens, aged 80 years. 3 March, in Oliio township, 
Thomas Hunter, aged 68 years. 23 May, in Darlington. Robert Dunlap, aged 70 years. 
10 June, near Frankfort Springs, Wm. Hice, aged 76 years. 24 September, John 
Shane, aged 85 years. 29 September, Margaret, wife of Satuuel Black, aged 70 years 

9 Oionths. She was a native of County Antrim, Ireland. 6 October, Samuel Black, 
a native of County Antrim, Ireland, aged 77 years. 

1869. 7 January, in South Beaver town.ship, William McClinton. aged 79 years. 
8 March, in Beaver, William Dunlap, aged 79 years. 7 March, in Bridgewaler, Dr. S. 
Smith, aged 66 years. 6 March, at Brush Creek, Mrs. Jlargaret Edwards, aged 85 years. 
3 April, Sarah, wife of David Bosie, aged 83 years. 19 April, in Bridgewater, John 
Moffett, aged 89 years. 12 July, in Moon township, Daniel Springer, aged 78 years. 17 
August, in Beaver, John Shively, aged 74 years. 23 August, in Brighton township, 
Jennetta Anderson, relict of the late Josiah Laird, aged 80 years. 29 August, in Indus- 
try, flenry Engle, aged 83 years. 13 August, in Hookstown, James Trimble, aged 89 
years. He became a resident of Beaver county in 1817. 17 November, in Jloon town- 
ship, William Elliott, aged 82 years. l.T November, in Raccoon township, John Cavit, 
aged SOyears. 18 December, in Beaver, Mrs. Elizabeth Workman, aged S3 years. 

1870. 3 January, in Beaver Falls, Isaac Warren, aged 79 years, l.'i January, in 
Bridgewater. Samuel Alli.son, aged 72 years. ,— January, in Chippewa township, 
James Kennedy, e.xsheriff of Beaver county, aged 67 years. 1 February, in Darling- 
ton, James Caughey, aged 90 years 6 months. He served in the War of 1812. and was a 
higbly respected citizen. 13 March, in Raccoon township. Henry Ewiug, aged 86 years. 

10 JIarch, in Darlington, John McClymonds, aged 92 years. He was born in Lancaster 
county, June 3, 1778, and removed to Beaver about 1865, where he spent two years. 
With some friends he visited the men engaged by Aaron Burr in making boats for his 

-conspiracy, near the present town of Sharon. From Beaver Mr. ^McClynuinds removed 
to Darlington, where he spent the remainder of his life. 5 June, in Rocliesler, Lewis 
Reno, aged 79 years. He was the son of Rev. Francis Reno. 20 Seiitember, in 
Beaver, Jacob Jones, aged 98 years. 29 November in Beaver, Mrs. Margaret Geyer, 
aged 83 years. 


1871. 31 May, Sarah Cliffonl, born 23 Jlay, 1T88. 28 July, James Ramsey, 
born 14 February, 1799. 

1873. 13 January, Geo. B. Swager, aged 84 years. 21 February, in Big Beaver town- 
ship, Mrs. Margaret Wallace, relict of Robert Wallace, aged 73 years. 23 February, in 
Industry, Charles H. Hayes, aged 76 years. 11 April, in Bridgewater, Mrs. Margaret 
Ueed, aged 81 years and 6 months. 3 June, in Franklin township, Ferdinand Auten- 
reith. aged 76 years. 21 July, in Bridgewater, Major Robert Darragh, aged 96 years 
and a months. He was born in Darraghtown, County of Fermanagh. Ireland, 23 
February, 1776. While quite young he came to this country and settled in Beaver 
county, where he passed the remainder of his life. In 1803 he married Jtiss Deborah, 
davighter of John Hart, of New Jersey, with whom he lived over sixty years, until her 
death. Major Darragh tilled many positions of honor and credit, and, in everj' case, 
tilled them well. His title of Jlajor was obtained from militia service. He was also the 
representative of the state senatorial district in which he lived for a number of years. 
In his religious views the Major was an active member of the M. E. church, and he 
labored earnestly and unceasingly for the advancement of the cause of the Jlaster. 4 
August, in Brighton township, William Giver, aged 81 years. In August, 1873, AYm. 
Graham, of Homewood, reached liis 97th birthday, thus being at the time the oldest man 
in the county. 7 October, in North Sewickley township. Smith IfcDaniel, aged 78 
years. 9 October, in Beaver, Henr}' Stuck, aged 8.5 years. 24 December, in Raccoon 
township, Jacob Fronk, aged 70 years. 28 December, in Brighton township, Joseph 
Wray Sr., aged 89 years. 30 December, in Green township, James Mood}', aged 80 
vears. 28 December, in Beaver, Joseph May, aged 90 years. 

1873. 9 May, in Bridgewater, Ann McClure, aged 94 years. 19 May, in Raccoon 
township, James Christy, Sr., aged 73 years. 11 May, in North Sewickley township, 
Christiana C. Tuts, aged 75 years and 9 months. 11 June, in Rochester, George Lehmer, 
aged 91 years. 13 June, in Rochester, Mrs. Maria C. Speyerer, widow of Capt. F. C. 
Speyerer, aged 80 years. 22 September, in Bridgewater, Henry Briggs, aged 84 years. 
31 September, in Fallston, Capt. J. P. Johnston, aged 70 years. 14 October, in Raccoon 
township. S. M. Crail, aged 7.") years. 

1874. 34 March, David Brothertou. aged 74 years. 

1876. 4 June. David Hall, born IS July, 1793. 

1877. 30 September, Mahlon T. Stokes, born 3 March, 1793. 

1878. 4 January, Sarah, wife of Rev. Wm. Stevens, aged 85 years. 

1880. 18 ilay, Isabella Donehoo, aged 80 years. 33 August, Sarah JlcCabe, born 
6 October, 1799. 29 September, Martha, relict of Henry Small, aged 80 years and 6 

1883. , Patrick M. JIulvanon, son of Felix J[ulvai>ou, Sr., born in County 

Antrim, Ireland, in 1804. 

1884. 16 ^[arch, David Marquis, aged 91 years. 

1885. 30 March, Jacob Kuhn, aged 85 years. 

1886. 30 March, Mary, wife of David Somers, aged 93 years and 4 months. 



— First Prothonotary and Register and Recorder — First Grand 
Jury— First Constables — First Innkeepers — Justice Districts 
and Early Justices — First Deed and Will — First Township 
Officers — Public Buildings — Official Roster. 

BEAVER county was erected March 12, 1800, from parts of Alle- 
gheny and Washington counties, the greater portion from the 
former. The act erecting it gave the following boundaries : '' Begin- 
ning at the mouth of Big Sewickley creek, on the Ohio river; thence 
up the said creek to the west line of Alexander's district depreciation 
lands ; thence northerly along the said line, and continuing the same 
course to the north line of the first donation district to the western 
boundary of the state ; thence southerly along the said boundary 
across the Ohio river, at a point in the said boundary, from which 
a line to be run at a right angle easterly will strike AVhite's mill 
on Raccoon creek, and from such point along the said easterly 
line to the said mill, leaving the said mill in the county of Beaver ; 
thence on a straight hue to the mouth of Big Sewickley creek, the 
place of beginning." 

Jonathan Coulter, Joseph Hemphill and Denny McClure were 
designated to erect the necessary public buildings, and Beavertown 
was fixed upon as the county seat. matters wei-e all specified 
in the act of assembly forming the new county. 

The county was organized for judicial purjioses April 2, 1803 ; but 
the first court (Hdnot commence until the (ith of February, 18t>4, being 
held in tlie house of Abner Lacock on Tliird street, a portion of which 
still remains and is used as a barber shop. I'^or many years John Clark 
conducted it as a hotel. 

lion. Jesse Moore was resident judge of tlie sixtli cii-cuit, embrac- 
ing the counties of Beaver, Butler, Crawford, Mercer and Eric. His 
associates were Abner Lacock, John II. Reddick and Joseph Cald- 
well. Mr. Lacock resigning, his place was taken by David Drennan 



February 5, 1805. At tlie February term of court, 180-1, were admitted 
the following distinguisiied attorneys, some of whom subsecjuently 
achieved a merited state reputation : Alexander Addison, Tiiomas 
fyoUins, Steele Semple, A. W. Foster, J. Bannister Gibson, Sampson 
S. King, Obediah Jennings, William Wilkins. Henry Ilaslet, James 
Allison, Jr., John Simonson, David Eeddick, Parker Campbell, David 
Hayes, C. S. Sam])le, Thomas (1. Johnston, Henr^^ Baldwin, Isaac Kerr, 
James ]\[ountain, Robert ^Mooi'e and William Avers. [Foi- further infor- 
mation concerning these gentlemen, see chajiter on Jjencli and I5ar.] 

It was exceedingly fortunate that so higlily educated and compe- 
tent a man as David Joiiiisou was secured to open the record books of 
the new county. Through tlie influence of some of tlie leading attor- 
neys, he was induced to leave his educational work in AVashington 
county and come to Beaver. Tiie eai'ly records of the county show 
his skill and intelligence. An examination of the official roster will 
•show that he was the first prothonotary and first register and recorder, 
the two positions being then combined in one person. Tiie increase of 
business necessarily divorced them. 

In the other offices were the following incumbents: First sheriff', 
William Henry,* brother of Judge Thomas Henry ; fii'st treasurer, 
Guion Greer; first prosecuting attornej^, James Allison, .Ir. ; first 
coroner, Ezekiel Jones. 

Tiie first grand in(|uest (jury) at the February session of 1804 
embraced tlie following gentlemen: Jolm Lawrence (foreman), David 
Drennan, Robert White, Samuel Arbuckle, Guion Greer, Thomas 
Evans, George Holdship, James McDowell, Joseph Mitchell, 
Joseph Iloopes, Nathan Stockman, Joiin IJaird, John Christ- 
mas, John Beaver. John Boyd. Escj., John Sharj), Mattliew Brooks, 
David Townsend and William Orr. 

The list of constables appointed at the sani'^ 'session was : George 
l]ail, borough of Beaver; Samuel Allison, First Moon township; 
Thomas Dawson, Second Moon; Archibald Woods, Hanover ; Robert 
Johnson, South Beaver; Conrad Ilenning, Little Beaver; Thomas 
Lewis, Big Beaver; Andrew WilsoirK North Sewickley ; Richard 
Waller, New Sewickley. 

*The commissions for couuty officers at the orsrauization of the county were 
issued by Governor Thomas JIcKian, countersigned by his secretary, F. M. Thompson. 
The bond of William Ilenry, slieriff, was placed at !fir),000, and was signed by David 
Drennan, .John Lawrence, .James Alexander. .lames Moore and Guion Greer. John 
Hannah and Samuel Arl)uckle were sureties for Ezekiel .Tones, coroner, in the sum <if 
$1,250 The tirst otfieials, it seems, were to be protected by heavy bonds. 

t Excused by the court on account of illness. 


At the February session tlie following were recommended to 
keep public houses of refreshment in the county : Joseph Hemphill, 
borough of Beaver; Robert (4raham, Moon township; Allen Tucker, 
Sewickley; William Moore and 'riuimas Porter, Moon. 

At the May session the list was consideralily extended, these being- 
added : John Boies, Ilugli Cunningham and Thomas Ross, Soutii 
Beaver townsliip ; John Ib'adley, George McClelland, Nathaniel Black- 
more, Isaac Lawrence and Daniel AVeigle, Moon township ; Jolm Smur, 
George Greer and Jacob IMosser, Little P>eaver townshiii : Mattison 
Hart, New Sewickley townslu]); Jonathan Harvut and Jonathan 
Guthrie, Hanover townshi)); Samuel Johnson. Benjamin Beatty and 
Abner Lacock, borough of ]5eaver. 

On the loth of August, 1803, John McCullough, James Boies and 
James Alexander, commissioners, in comjJiance with an act of the 
general assembly, laid out the county into districts for justices as fol- 
lows: The First and Second districts were located south of the 
Ohio river — First with 210 inhabitants, and David Scott, justice ; 
Second, 291 inhabitants, with Samuel Glasgow and William Little, 
justices; the Tliird disti'ict embraced half of the covmty west of Big 
Beaver river and north of the Ohio — population 433, with John Law- 
rence and Jonathan Coulter, justices ; the Fourth district, the north 
half, west of Big Beaver — inhabitants 24-6, with John Sprott, justice ; 
the Fifth district, north of the Connoquenessing and east of Big- 
Beaver — po]mlation 116, with William Conner and Sampson Piersol, 
justices; Sixth district, all south of No. 5 to the southern line of the 
•county — po])ulation 113, with no justice ap])oiiited. Total ]to])uhition 

The following- were early justices in the county, as will be seen 
from the dates of their commissions: 

John B)Ovd, ci^mmission from (Governor Thomas Mclvean, dated 
at Lancaster, Pa., April 2, 1801. for District No. 2, took oath before 
David Johnsiin. May 7, 1801,— William Ilarsha, District No. 2, April 
2, 1804; George iloldshi]), District No. 3, April 2, 1804; Martin Hol- 
man. District No. 4, April 2, lso4 ; William Leet, District No. C, April 
2, 1804; William Clarke, District No. 3, April 1, 1805 ; David Potter, 
District No. 4, April 1. 1805; William Forbes, District No. 4, April 
1, 1805; John Watts. District No. 3, April 1, 1806; Samuel Johnston, 
District No. 3, July 4, 1806; John lohnston. District No. 4* Ajiril 1, 
1807; Thomas Foster, District No. 2, July 4, 1S07; David Joiinson, 
District No. 3, April 1, 1806; David Patton. Jr., District No. 1, Sep- 


teinber 30, ISOS ; Jacob Woodruff, District No. 4, September 30, ISOS ; 
ThoBis Henry, District No. 3, December 24, 1808 ; Thomas Wilson, 
District No. 6, March 29, 1808; AVilliam Lowry, District No. 4, March 
31,1809; Michael Baker, District No. 1, March 31, 1S09; Daniel 
Christy, District No. 1, April 8, 1809 ; Samuel Jackson, District No. 3, 
December 21. 1809 ; Nicholas Venemon, District No. 5, April 5, 1810; 
John Clark, District No. 4, June T, 1810. Samuel Glasgow, Hanover 
township, commission by Gov. Thomas McKean, P'ebruary 23, 1801, 
recorded November 30,' 1810,— Stanton Shoals, District No. 6, April 
1, 1811 ; James Cochran, District No. 4, August 27, 1812 ; David 
Findley, District No. 3, March 18, 1813 ; William Ileno, District No. 6, 
September 8, 1813; James Logan, District No. 3. December 15, 1814; 
Thomas Taylor, District No. 3, March 8, 1815; Charles S. Reno, Dis- 
trict No. 3, May 10, 1815 ; John Edgar, District No. 4, May 9, 1815 ; 
John A. Scroggs, District No. 4, Sejitember 25. 1815 ; John Harshe, 
District No. 2,°January 26, 1816 ; James Lake, District No. 2, Jan- 
uary 26, 1816; David Gordon, District No. 2, January 26, 1816; James 
Bell, District No. 6, April 22, 1816. 

The first deed on record is a conveyance to Joseph Pentecost and 
his wife Mary, on the 19th of August, 1803, of lot No. 74 in " Mcintosh 
at the mouth of Big Beaver creek formerly in Allegheny county, but 
now in Beaver county," to Wilson, Porter and Fulton, merchants or 
traders in Beaver. The consideration was one hundred and fifty dol- 
lars, a moderate price for a lot on 3d street, with a frontage of one 
hundred and twentv feet and depth of three hundred feet. Pentecost 
had obtained it from Andrew Johnston of the County Fermanagh in 
the kingdom of Ireland. February 13, 1799. The instrument was 
recorded November IS, 1803. 

The first will recorded in the county is one made March IS, 1803, 
by George Riddle. The witnesses to the instrument were Absalom 
S(5verns, Ezekiel Jones and Jacob Myers. The executors designated 
were Mary Riddle and George Brown. With great complacency the 
testator avers that weak in body but sound in mind, he commends his 
soul to God, but his body to be assigned to dust; and after his just 
debts are paid, his estate is to be left to his wife until the voungest 
child attains legal age. 

The justices mentioned in a preceding part of this chapter were 
appointed bv the governor of the state. The ensuing is the list of 
townsiiip ottfcers elected from 1805 to 1809, inclusive. On their efforts 
their several territories depended the etticiency of the county 




At tlie May session, 1S05, the following township officers were 
represented as filling their places: 

South 1>kavek : Condahh — AViUiaui Mercer; Sitpernkor/i — 
Thonias McCoy and Hugh Graham ; Overseers of Poor — -Heniy Kirli- 
endall and Benjamin Sharpless; Auditors — John Martin, Thomas 
Kennedy, Samuel Johnston and Francis Porter; ^1^ >/>/'« /wr.y — Isaac 
l>ell and Thomas Hamilton. 

North Bkavkk : Constohle — William Espy ; Si/jwrtusors — Edward 
"Wright and William Carson; Overseers — William Ritchie and Ben- 
jamin Wells; Auditors — George Baird and Thomas Leonard; 
Appraisers — James Hope and James Fullerton. 

Lrrn.E Beaver: Constable — Henry Ulery ; Stqjervisors — Thomas 
Stewart and Thomas Russel ; Overseers — Robert Bevard and David 
Clark; Auditors — John Levain, Conrad Hennery and William David- 
son ; Appraisers — George JMcKain and James MoElhenny. 

Big Bkavek : Constable — Hugh Woods; Supervisors — Alexander 
Wright, Isaac Ilutson ; Overseers — Peter Young, David Clark ; Audi- 
tors — James Ilufstetter, Hugh Marshall, Robert Crawford, John 

First Moon: Constable — James Jordan; Supervisors — John 
Baker, James McClelland; Overseers — Alexander Culberson, Daniel 
Weigle; Auditors — David Scott, George Bruce, Jonas Feigiey, Daniel 
Christy; Appraisers — William McGee, William Thompson. 

North Sewickley : Constable — William Thomas; Supervisors — 
William Henry, John Morton ; Overseers — Abner Runyan, Jesse BeU; 
Auditors — James Jones, William French, Jonathan Peppard, James 
Kennedy ; Aptpraisers — Andrew Altman, Lewis Gallagher. 

Shenango: Constable — A. Chambers; Supervisors — William 
Cairns, Josejili Pollock; Overseers — Thomas Morrow, Benjamin Cun- 
nigham : Auditors — Samuel Whaun. William Martin, William Wil- 
kinson, Thomas McClelland. 

New Sewicki.ey : Constable — William Woods; Supervisors — 
John Cheney. James Moore; Overseers — John Conley, William 
Woods; Auditors — Williani Leet, Isaac L. Montou, Robert Mitchell, 
Ebenezer Byers. 

Hanover: Coustahle — William Wilson; Supervisors — William 
Ilarman, Johnston Calhoon; Overseers — James Ferl, David Beel; 
Auditors — Thomas Stephens, John Boyd, Hugh Miller, David 
Patton ; Ap>p)ra.isers — Henry Singleton, John Ramsey. 

Second Moon: Constable — John Tliom])son ; Supervisors — Ben- 


oni Diiwson, James Craig; Overseers — Thomas Dawson, Samuel 
Swiglit; Auditors — Jolin Cain, Michael Baker, Itobert J.aughlin, 
James Eaton; Appraisers — John Nelson, Andrew Poe. 

Borough of Bkaver: Constahle — Thomas Hewey ; Sxi^p)ervisors — 
Tiionias Evans, Jolm Uannaii ; Auditors — James Allison, Esq., James 
Lyon, John B. Gibson, Esq., William Clarke, Esq. 
, 1806. 

Ohio : Constable — Alexander Reed ; Supervisors — Hugh Graham, 
John Suiall, Sr. ; Overseers <tf Poor — Jacob Lyon, John Wolfe, Sr. 

Soijth Beavee : Chnstahle — Thomas McCoy ; Supervisor's — John 
Snuise, Moses Louthan ; Overseers of Poor — Tliomas Tayloi', Jonatlian 

Bk; Beaver : ConstahJes — Joab Woodruff, Thomas Beatty ; Sujier- 
visors — Joseph Chapman, John Stockman; Overseers — Saniuel 
Bowen, Robert Clark, John Lewis; Aiuh'fors — William Lowry, John 
Kelso, Caldwell Sample, Daniel Kirkpatrick; Ajpraiscrs — Hugh 
Marshall, Charles M. Getting. 

North Beaver: Constables — John Miller, James McGowen ; 
Supervisors — James Poole, Hugh McKibbe; Overseers — George 
Baird, Richard Sherer; Auditors — John Hunter, John Clark. 

Little Beaver: Constables — Henry IJlery, John Mullen; Super- 
visors — John Sharp, Brice McGehan ; Overseers — John Reed, Samuel 
Sprote; Auditors — John Johnston, Hugh Flegarty, Andrew Wilson, 
William Scott; Appraisers — John Wilson, Benjamin Shippen. 

Borough of Beaver: Co7istables — Jesse Hart, W^dliam Roades; 
Supervisors — Aaron Mendenhall, David LLiyes; Overseers — Jona- 
than Mendenhall, Joseph Hemphill, James Alexander; Auditors — 
James La w^rence, James Alexander, Matthew Steene, Joseph Hemphill. 

Hanover : Constables — James Ewing, James Hayes ; Supervisors — 
Andrew McCalea, Thomas Parks; Overseers — Hugh McCredy, John 
Richmond ; Auditors — David Patton, James Whethill, Samuel Harper, 
William Laughlin; Appraisers — James Hartford, Joseph McCredy. 

First Moon: Constables — Samuel Wilson, George Baker. 

Second Moon: Constable — John Thompson: Superrisors — 
Benoni Dawson, James Craig; Overseers — ilatthias Hook, James 
Eaton; Aaditors — Jolm Rainey. John Stanford. Benjamin Anderson, 
Samuel Searight. 

New Sewicklet: Constable — Joseph Irwin. 

Upper Sewicki.ev: ConstaMes — Nathaniel Hazen, John llazen^ 
deputy; Su/tervisors — John Moi'ton, William Heni'v. 


SiiENANGo: ('onstaUcs — John Fulton. Andrew McClure; Si/jier- 
visors — William Carnes, Samuel Taylor. 


Big Beavee : Constahle — Ali. Powers; Svj^crmm/;^ — Thomas 
Bealy, William Lowry ; AuiJitors — Stephen McConaghey, James 
Hufstetter, William Espy, Thomas Clarke ; Orerscers of Poor — Thomas 
Hanna, Daniel Kirkpatrick ; Aj)j»'ai.scr.'< — Robert Boyd, John Freed. 

Ohio : Co/isfob/e — Charles Phillis ; iSi/ji('?'Vhwrs — Hugh CTraha-m, 
John Hunter; Auditors — David Drennan, James Kennedy, Thomas. 
Hunter, Benjamin Sharpless ; Overseers — Jacob Lyon, Thomas Wal- 
ton; Ap2)raisers — John Wolf, Neal M'Lauglilin. 

FiKST Moon: Constahle — William Thompson; Sujjervisors — 
Jonas Figley, John Baker; Auditors — Samuel Law, John lluther 
ford, Alexander Walker, Robei't TJobertson ; Overseers — James Hutch- 
inson, Joseph Kerr. 

Second Moon: Constable — JolmCrail; jSnjM-misors — JohnEngles, 
John Thompson; Auilitors — James Anderson, ]V[icha«l Baker, Isaac 
Barnes, Samuel Seariglit ; Overseers — Andrew Poe, Robert Parks; 
Appraisers — Samuel Christho, Elias Elliott. 

Sooth Beaver : Consfalile — Thomas McCoy ; Supervisors — Rob- 
ert Newton, William Fulks; Auditors — William Clarke, David 
Hayes, Thomas Llenry; Overseers — James Gonel, James AVelsh ; 
Appraisers — James Corlin, Samuel Johnson. 

North Beaver : Constahle — Edward Wright ; Sujjervisors — Rob- 
ert Lusk, William Wilson; And/tors — Samuel Poak, Thomas Leon- 
ard, James McGo wan, Richard Slierer; Overseers — William Cannon, 
William Woods ; Appn/isers — Hugh McKibben, Leonard Dobbin. 

Little Beaver : Constcdde — Andrew Moore; Superviso)'s — John 
Sharp Brice McGeehan ; Orerseers — James IJcjice, William Stephenson 

Borough OF Bkaver: Constable — JohnSteen; Supervisors — R. 
Moore, D. Hayes; Auditors — W. (!lark, D. ILiyes, T. Henry; Over- 
seers — S. Coulter, J. Hemphill ; Ajpraisers — James Conlon, S. Johnson. 

Hanovkr: C<uistid>lr — Thomas ]\[oore; Sujiervisors — Samuel Ca- 
rothers, William Lougidin; Auditors — John Whitehill, Samuel Har- 
per, David Patton, Wni. Ramsay; Overseers — Wm. Langflt, James 
Chambers; Appraisers — Obadiah Applegate, Isaac Stephens. 

North Sewickley: Constable — Michael Nye; Supe/'viso/'s — 
John Morton, Jacob Yoho. 

South (New) Sewickley: Constahle — Robert ]\Iitchell ; Sujier- 
visors— IsdidiC L. Morelove, Wm. Leet; Auditors — John Irwin, Noble 

128 HISTORY OF beavp:r county. 

Stairs, Joseph Oliver, Thomas Coffieki ; Overseers — Alexander Atkin- 
son, James Bell. 

Shenango: Constable — John Fi-ew. 


Ohio: Cmutahle — Henr}" Ku^'kendall : Sxtpervisors — Samuel Ew- 
ing, James Johnson ; Auditors — James Kennedy. John Pugh, John 
Shivers, David Finday ; Overseers — Jacob L\'on, Hugh Montgomery; 
Appraisers — James Cotton, Thomas Erannan. 

South Beaver : Constahle — Robert Johnston ; Supervisoi's — Thom- 
as Ross, "William Fullv ; Anditors — John Martin, Joseph Hoopes, 
Samuel Johnston, N. Stockman; Overseers — Thomas Stratton, James 

Little Beaver : Constahle — Joseph Smith ; Supervisors — E. Carey, 
John Sharp; Auditors — J. Johnson, J. Sprott, Matthew Hart, William 
Scott; Overseers — John Hannah, George Dihvorth; Appraisers — John 
Hughes, Brice McGeehan. 

Big Beaver: Constahle — David Clark; Supervisors — Thomas 
Beatty, William Espy ; ^li/r/^Vw.s- — John Moore, Robert Boyd, David 
Clark; Overseers — Daniel Kirkpatrick, Joseph Chapman. 

North Beaver: Constahle — Da\id Titball; Supervisors — William 
Wilson, AVilliam Moorehead; Auditors — William Woods, John Nes- 
bitt, Richard Sherer, James Hope; Overseers — James Fullerton, James 
McGowan ; Appraisers — Leonard Dobbins, Ed. Wright. 

Sh ENANGO : Con stahle — Samuel Sj^ringer ; Supervisors — William 
Cairn, Thomas Keldoc. 

North Sewickley : Constahle — ■ Ezekiel Jones. 

New Sewickley : Constahle — David Moore ; Supervisor's — • John 
Irwin, Isaac Morton; Auditors — Thomas Lukens, William Reno, A. 
Atkinson, Noble Stairs; Overseers — Joseph Irwin, Tobias Plants. 

First Moox : Constahle — Robert Hood ; Supervisors — James 
McClelland, Robt. Graham ; Auditors — Samuel Kennedy. David 
Smith, Michael Baker, Wade Barnes ; Overseers — Wm. Connor, 
Edward Crail ; Appraisers — James Ewing, David Gordon. 

Second Moon : Constahle — Noah Potts ; Supervisors — Thos. Daw- 
son, Samuel Wilson. 

Hanover: Constahle — James Hayes; Supervisors — John Reed, 
Joseph Jenkins; Auditors — John AVhitehill, Wm. Ramsay, David 
Patton, John Boyd; Overseers — Wm. Wilson, James Gilleland ; 
Appraisers — James Ewing, David Gordon. 

Borough of Beaver: Constahle — Wm. Shannon; Supervisors — 

C*£2i<^/Zt-/Q /V< 




Kobert Darragh, Thomas Henry; Aniliturs — James [,yoii, George 
Holdship, Samuel Lawrence. 


Hanover: Consfnh/i': James IIa3'es; Sujk'i-r/.^of-s — Joseph Jen- 
kins, Eobt. Wi-iglit ; Audltoi's — James Dungan, Jose])h McCready, 
David Gordon, Jolmson Calhoon ; Ovi't'scprs — James Ewing, John 
Koberts ; Appraisers — Robt. Leeper, Wm. Leathern. 

First JNIuon : Consfaljle — Robert Hood; Sujierviso/s — James 
McGleUand, Robert Graliam ; Auditors — David Ration, David Scott, 
Samuel Law, Samuel Graham ; Orerseers — James Hutchinson, David 

Second Moon: Coiistahli' — Nathaniel Rlackmore ; Siq>cr visors — 
Samuel Wilson, Thomas Dawson ; ^1 uditors — Samuel Kennedy, David 
Smith, AVm. Little, Samuel Searight ; Overseers — John Nelson, 
Mathias Hooke ; Ajjpraisers- — Andrew Roe, James Eaton. 

North Be.wer: GonstaUe — James Scott; Siqjervisors — David 
Justice, James Hope; Auditors — Joseph (!arson, Benjamin Wells, 
Hugh McKibben, Wm. Woods; Overseers — Leonard Dobbin, James 
Alworth ; Ajpraisers — Thomas Leonard, Wm. Carson. 

South Beaver: Constable — John Steen ; Sujjervisors — Samuel 
Jackson, Isaac AVarrick; Auditors — Samuel Johnson, Noble Rayl, 
John Martin. Joseph Hoopes ; Overseers — Thomas Stratton. AVm. De 

Big Beaver: Constable — AVm. Lowry ; Supervixors — Alex. 
Wright, John Moore. 

LiTfLE Beavee : Constcd)le — Brice McGeehan ; Supervisors — 
Joseph Dilworth, Samuel Sjirott ; Auditors — John Beer, Andrew 
Moore, Mattison Hart, John Sprott ; Overseers — Elnathan Coney, 
John Sever; Appraisers — David Clark, David lN)tter. 

BEAVfiR BoR(iU(;ii : Constahle — Hugh AVilson : Sup>ervisors — Jos- 
eph Hemphill, Thomas Henry. 

Shenango: Constahle — Samuel Taylor. 

Ohio: Constable — Rhilip Mason ; S'uj>ervisors — Samuel Ewing, 
James Johnson; Overseers — Jacob Lyon, Robert Herron; Appraisers 
— James Cotton, Thomas Brannon. 

North Sewickley : Constahle — Ezekiel Jones. 

New Sewicki.ey: Constahle — David Mooi'e ; Supervisors — Isaac 
Morton, Jno. Irwin ; Auditors — Wm. Renno, Thomas Caulfield, Noble 
Stairs, Wm. Boke ; Overseers — James Moore, AA^m. Garner. 

In a previous part of this chapter reference was made to the 


ai)|)ointment of tliree commissioners for tlie location of the county 
buildings. The locations selected were two of the reserved squai-es. 
'i'he first building erected was the jail. It stood on the square imme- 
diately south of the present law ortice of 8. B. AVilson, Esq. The sec- 
ond story was fitted u]) for a courtroom, and was used for that pur- 
|)ose until 1810. In 1810 the first courthouse was completed. It 
stood on the same lot as the present one, but east toward the old jail. 
In 1840 an eastern wing was built to the structure. In November, 1848, 
the county commissioners re])oi'ted that they had, to meet a public neces- 
sity, erected certain new public offices at the west side of the court- 
house for the purpose of preserving the official records. The contract 
was let to Messrs. Dickson ct Miller, of Allegheny, for $2,175. Thomas 
Benn V, William Leaf and Ellis How were appointed committee to view 
the building and report. This they did January 18, 1849, dechu'ing the 
" work done in strict conformity to contract." 

The present beautiful courthouse was dedicated May 1, 1877, lion. 
Daniel Agnew delivering the address on the occasion. The contract 
was given July 1, 1875, to William M. Keyser, contractor; and the 
building completed February 28, 1877 at a cost of $129,655.50. The 
ai'chitect was Thomas Boyd, who ix-ceived .$2,580.11 additional as his 

The present jail and sherill"s I'esidence was built by Timothy B. 
White, the contract being made June 23, 1856, and the iiuilding c(jm- 
pleted in 1858 or 1850. The cost of the building was $28,852.95. The 
architect was J. AV. Kerr, who received $1,013.85 additional for his 
lal)or. In 1882-3 the jail was remodeled by John B. Cochran & Co., 
assisted by Simon Ilarrold, architect, at an aggregate expense of 

The county treasury has been i"ol)bed twice — first, during the 
administration of M. R. Adams, 15th November, 1866. The amount 
is not known. Next, in the autumn of 1881, during office of W. F. 
Dawson ; amount, $17,000. 

The erection of a county poorhouse was agitated as early as 1831, 
a meeting at the courthouse having been called for that purpose. In 
1844 a, vote was taken to delude the same question. The result stood ; 
J^o/\ 1,533 ; tfi/, 2,366. The vote against the measure was largely 
in that poi'tion subsequently detached to form Lawrence county. At 
the general election held (October 14, 1851, the question was again sub- 
mitted to vote, the success being better than in 1844. The vote stood : 
1*0/', 1,855 votes ; <uj(iuisf, 1,738. 

liEAVElf COUNTY. 133 

The first structure was erected in 1853. It was a one-story frame, 
16x32 feet; it was torn down in 1855. The second was a frame also, 
two stories in height, 32x4-8 feet, built in 1859. It is now used for 
general home ])ur|)Oses, the kitchen and dining-room being in it. The 
main building of brick, i-txlOO feet, two stories liigli, was built in 
1870 at a cost of 18,0(in. Oati)uildings and washliouses were erected 
in 1885. 

The stewards, from tlie iirst, have been the following : Henry 
Engels, Industry township, 1S53-"5J:; Anthony Douthai'd, Darlington 
township, lS5rl— '58 ; James Erittain, Chippewa township. 185S-'63 ; 
WiTi. Slirodes, Moon township. 1863-77; Stei)hen Minor, Moon town- 
ship, 1877-"S5 ; J. W. Jack, Industry township, 1885. 

It has been seiwed by the following physicians : Drs. George 
Allison, I>eaver, 1853-'55 ; Ramsey Miller, Raccoon township, lS55-'57 ; 
Smith Cunningham, Beaver, lS57-*63; James Elliott, Moon, 1863-'67; 
Pressley Kerr, Raccoon, 1867-84 ; John Bryan, Moon, 1884-85; J. II. 
Ramsey, Bridgewater, 1885. 

The farm embraces 130 acres l)Ought of George Stone at §50 per 
acre. The location is a good one. 

The iirst person received was John ^rui'phy of New Brighton, 
April 14, 1853, then in his 21st year. He is still an inmate of the 
home. In thirty-four j^ears 218 deaths have occurred. 

Beaver county has furnished two United States Se)uito/\s, viz : Gen, 
Abner Lacock, and Col. M. S. Quay, 1888-1894. 

Meinhers ()f Cvngress: Abner Lacock; Janies Allison, 1823-'25 ; 
Thomas Henry, 1837-43; John Dickey, 1843-45, 1847-4:9; John 
Allison ; William S. Shallenberger. 

Resaleiit Judges: Jesse Moore, 1804; Samuel Roberts, "William 
Wilkins, C?harles Shalei', .John liredin, Daniel Agnew, 1852-'62 ; L. L. 
McGuffin.B. B. Chamberlin, A. W. Acheson,"IIenry Ilice, 1874; John 
J. Wickham, 1884. 

Associate Judges : Abnei" Lacock, John II. Reddick, Joseph Cald- 
well, David Drennan, Thomas Henry, Josepli Hemphill, John Nesbitt, 
Benjamin Adams, J(jiin Carothers, Josepli Irvin, AVilliam Cairns, John 
Scott, M. Lawrence, Agnew Duff, Joseph C. Wilson, Robt. Rotter. 

Sherlfs : William Henry, 1803-6; Jonathan Coulter, 1806-9, 
1812-'15 ;"samuel J^)\ver, 1809-'12 ; William Cairns, 1815-'18, 1833-36 ; 
James Lyon, 1818-'21; Thomas Henry, 1821-24; John Dickey, 

* Prior to tlie passage of the act of April 9, 1874, Beaver county was joined with 

Washington in ;i juilioial distriot. Since that time it has constituted a district in itself. 


1S24~'27 ; David Porter, 182r-'30 ; J. A. Sholes, 1830-'3;:! : .Mattliew T. 
Kennedy. lS36-'39: David Somers, 1S39-42; Milo Adams. lS42-'4.5; 
James Kennedy, Jr., 1S4.')-"4S; Ilobert Wallace, 1S4S-'.")1 ; (ieorge 
Robinson, 1851-'54 ; James Darragli. 18.")4-'.")T ; William W. 
Irwin, 1857- (30; John IJoberts, 1800- «!3 ; Joseph Sedlie. 18ti3-'t)6; 
J. 8. Little (now written Littell), 186(J-'(!9 ; John Graebing, 1869-72; 
Chamberlin White, 1872-'75 ; J. P. Martin, 1875-78 ; Mark Wisener, 
1878-81; Henry E. Cook, 1881-'84; John D. Irons, 1884-'S7. 

Treasurers: Guion Greer, 1803-'07 ; John Lawrence, 1807-'09; 
Robert Moore, 1809-11 ; James Allison, 1811-15 ; James Alexan- 
der, 1815-17; James Dennis, * 1817-20 ; David Hays, 1820-22; 
Samuel McClure, 1822-24; Joseph Hemphill, 18l'4-''28; Thomas 
Henry, 1828-'32; Benjamin Adams, 1832-34; John English, 1834-'35 ; 
David Porter, 1835-'36 ; Henderson C. Hall, 1836-'38 ; John Barclay, 
1838-39, lS43-'4:5 ; Dr. Oliver Cuningham, 1839-41 ; David Eakin, 
184:l-"43 ; Dr. Smith Guningham, 1845-47 ; Alfred R. Moore, 1847-49 ; 
Moses B. Welsh, 1849-51 ; Lawrence Whitesell, 1851-'53; Richard H. 
Agnew, 1853-'55 ; H. B. Anderson, 1855-'57 ; William Henry, 
1857-59; John S. Darragh, 1859-61 ; George C. Bradshaw, 18til-'63 ; 
John Caughey, 1863-65; M. R. Adams, 1865-67; Elijah Barnes, 
1867-69 ; Eben Allison. 1S;69-'71 ; C. P. Wallace, 1871-'73 ; James H. 
Mann, 1873-75; John R. Eakin, 1875-78; Wm. E. Dawson, 1878-81; 
John McGown, 1881-'84; John F. Miner, 1884-'87. 

Prothonotiiries: David Johnson, lS03-'09; Samuel Lawrence, 
1809-'15; Thomas Henry, 1815-21; John Dickey, 1821-24; John 
Clark, 1824r-'30 ; James Logan, 1830-'36 ; John A. "Scroggs, 1836-'39 ; 
Samuel W. Sprott, 1839 ; Milton Lawrence, 1839-48 ; John Collins, 
1848-54; A. R. Thompson, 1854-'56; M. S. Quay, 1856-61; Michael 
Weyand, 1861-'67 ; John Caughey, 1867-73 ; Oscar A. Small, 1873-'79 ; 
Stephen P. Stone, 1879-85 ; Dan. II. Stone, 1885-88. 

Refjisters and liecm-ders : David Johnson, 1803-36 ; T. ^L John- 
son, 1836-39; Samuel McClure,* 1839; T. M. Johnson, 1839-48; 
William McCallister, 1848-'54 ; S B. Wilson, 1854-'60; Alfred R. 
Moore, 1860-66 ; Darius Singleton, 1866-'72 ; 11. M. Donehoo, 1872-78 ; 
Wm. H. Ricker, 1878-'S4. 

Clerks of Court : William McCallister. 1839-42 : W. K. Boden, 
1842-'57; A. G. McCreery, 1857-63; John A. Frazier, 1863-69; 
John C. Hart, 1869-78; Chas. A. Griffin, 1878-84; John M. Scott, 

* Samuel McClure was appointed in February, 1839. and was succeeded in the 
same year by the election of T. JI. Johnson. 


Commissiovers: Jonathan Coulter, 18u3-0-t; Joseph Hempliill, 
1804-05; Denny McClure, 1805-00; John McCulIough, 1806-07; 
Sanuiel Lawrence, 1807-'0S ; William Harsha, 1808-09 ; James Ken- 
nedy, 1809-'10; Williani Cairns, 1810-11; Thomas Kennedy, 1811-12; 
John Sharp, 1812-13 ; John Martin 1813-1-1 ; James Dennis, 181J^'15 ; 
John Roberts, 1815-'lt> ; John Morton. 1816-17 ; John A. Scroggs, 
1817-'18: Thomas Kennedy, 18ls-'lii ; David Christy, 1819-20; 
David Boies, 1820-21 ; (xeorge Dilworth, 1821-22; Alexander Thomp- 
son, 1822-23; David Eakin, 1823-24; James Logan, 1824-"25 ; Daniel 
Christy, 1825-'26 ; David Eakin. 1826-'27 ; John Sharp, 1827-'28 ; 
Daniel Christy, 1828-29 ; Benjamm Adams, 1829-'30 ; John Bryan, 
1830-31; Sampson Piersal, 1831-32; Joseph Vera, 1832-33; John 
Harsha. 1833-'34 ; Solomon Bennett, 1834-'35. ; David Somers, 1835-'36 ; 
James Scott, 1836-37 ; Jas. D. Eakin, 1837-38; AVm. Rayl, 1838-'39 ; 
James Mackall, 1839- 4(i ; Joseph ]\[oi-ehead, 1840-41; James Harper, 
1841-'42 ; John Hull. 1842-43; Thomas Cairns, 1843-'44; Arthur 
Campbell, 1844-45; Samuel Hamilton, Wm. Carothers, 1845-'46 ; 
David Warnock, 1846-47; Robert IVIcFerren, 1847-'48 ; Samuel B. 
Wilson, 1848-'49: Archibald McMillan, 1849-'50 ; Robert Potter,*. 
1850-'51 ; W. C. Plants, f 1851-52 ; James A. Sholes, 1852-'53 ; James 
C. Ritchey, 1853-'54 ; David Kennedy, 1854-'55; William P. Phillips, 
1855-'56;" Philip Cooper, 1856-'57 ; Hugh Sutherland, 1857-58 ; Abner 
Morton, lS58-'59 ; William Shi'odes, 1859-'60 ; Samuel Lawrence, 
1860-61; James Wilson, 1861-62; Daniel B. Short, 1862-63; Wil- 
liam Barnes, 1863-'64; John H. Beighley, 1864-'65 ; Joseph Irons, 
1865-66; John Wilson, 1866-67; James AVarnock, 1867-'68 ; Wil- 
liam Ewing, 1868-69; David W.Scott, 1869-'70; Joseph Brittain,- 
1870-'71 ; Samuel Torrence, 1871-72; II. J. Marshall, 1872-73; 
Daniel Neely, 1873 -'74; David Patten, lS74-'75. 

G. W. Shroads, John C. Calhoun and Andrew Carothers, were 
elected in 1875, for the term of three years each; Samuel Nelson, Levi 
Fish, J. C. Ritchie, 1878-'81; Daniel Ileisinger, Robert A. Smith, 
1881-84; David Johnson, John C. Boyle, W. H. Partington, 1884-87; 

D'lxtrlrt Attormys: James Allison, 1803-"(-)9 ; J. R. Shannon, 
1809-'24; U. P. Fetterman, 1824-27; II. M. Watts, 1827-30; Williain 
B.Clark, 1830-'33, 1836-'39; Simeon Meredith, 1833-'36 ; Thomas 

*Appointed by .Judge .Idlin Breedin to till vacancy caused by death of Robert Mc- 

f In September, 1853, \V. C. Plants left the county. His vacancy was supplied by 
the choice of .Moses Welsh, the act being done by J. A. Sholes, J. C. Ritchie and the 
Court of Quarter Sessions. 


Cunningham, 1839-'45; Lewis Taylor, 1845-'48; B. B. Chamberlin, 
1848-'49; Richard P. Roberts, 1849-53; Joseph Wilson, 1853-'56; 
Moses B. Welsh, 18."iC-r>l ; John B. Young, 1801-62; James S. Rutan, 
1862-'68; Joseph R. llarragh, 1868-71; J. M. McCreery, 1871-74; 
J. M. Ilnchanan, 1874-80; Alfred S. Uoore. 18S0-'S3 : James Rankin 
Martin, L8s;3-'86. 

Coroners: Ezekiel Jones, 1S04; Sainuel Power. 1807 ; James Con- 
lin, 1818-22; James Moore, 1S22-34; James Mackall, 1834-'36 ; AVil- 
liam Hales, 1836-39; David Marquis, 1839-42; John Sutherland, 
1842-'45 ; James H. Douds, 1845-'46 ; William Shrodes, 1846-'47 ; Jacob 
J. Noss, 1847-'50; James A. Sholes, 1850-51; Thomas W. Ayres, 
1851-53; Eli Reed, lS53-'o6, 1860-63; John B. Early, lS56-'57; 
Nathan P. Couch, 1857-'60; Thomas Devinney, 1863-'65; Thomas 
McCoy, 1865-'68 ; William Barnes, 1868-'69 ; Daniel Corbus, 1869-'75 ; 
R. F. Mcllvaine, 1875-'78; Joseph IT. Reed, 1S78-'S1; Wm. Raymer, 
1881-84; Henry C. AVatson, 1884-'87. 

Cottnty Survfii/ors: James Carothers, 1800-'15 ; Hugh McCullough, 
1815-'24; William Law, 1824-27; Henry Davis. 1827-'3(); John 
Bryan, 1830-35; John Martin. lS35-'3"6; AViliiam McCallister, 
1836-39; J. A. Vezey, 1839-'42; William Minis. Jr., 1842-'45 ; Samson 
S. Nye, 1845-50; A. Wynn, 1850-53, 1856-'59. 1862-'71; Hugh Cun- 
ning, 1853-'56; James Harper, 1859-'()2; Samuel A. Dickey. 18(;9-''71 ; 
D. M. Daugherty, lS71-'74; James Harper, 1874-"77; James J. Power, 
1877-83; James Harper, 1883-86. 

Couuft/ SujM'r'nifendenU : Thomas Nicholson, 1855; George 
Cope, 1855-56; S. 11. Piersol, 1856-'57; R. Is'. Avery, 18o7-'58; 
Thomas Carothers, 1858-63; J. I. Reed, 186:!- 67; James Wliitliam, 
1867-69; G. M. Fields, 1869-'72; M. L. Knight, 1872-75; Benjamin 
Franklin, 1875-81 ; J. S. Briggs, 1881-'84 ; re-elected iA- May 1884. but 
resigned September 1, 1881; J. M. Reed, appointed to fill out 
unexj)iretl term, and elected May, 1887. All the supei'intendents 
except Thomas Nicholson and J. I. Reed are still li\ing. 

I'oorhouse Directors: Joseph Dauthett. Plnli|) Cooper, David 
Shanor, 1832; David Shanor, 1853-55; Robert Potter, 1855-56; 
William Barnes, 18o6-'57; James Sterling. 1857-'58; Henry Goehr- 
ing, 1858-'59, 1861-62; Samuel Mooi'liead, 1859-'60; John AVhite, 
1860-'61; Samuel AVdson, 1 862-63 ; John K. Potter, 1863-'64; Samuel 
McManamy, 1864-'65, 1867-68, 1873-74; Sainuel (iibson, 1865- 66, 
1871-'72; John Potter, 1866-67; John Sleutz, 1868-69; Robert 
•Cooper, 1869-70; Hiram Peed. 1S70-"71: John White. 1872-73; 


Samuel AValton, 18T4-'75 ; Samuel IJoots, William M. Heed, lS75-'7»), 
lS7()-77; Thomas Ramsey, 1877-78; AVilliam M. Reed, 1878-'79; 
Samuel Boots, Socrates A. Dickey, lS7!)-'80; Joseph W. Appleton, 
18SO-'81; 1883-84; Robert S.Newton, 1881-'82; Philip V. Cooper, 
1882-81:; Thomas Reece, 1884-'8C; Samuel Gibson, 188f!-'S7. 

Trustees of Acarlemii : Joseph Hemphill, Samuel Johnston, James 
Alexander, John L;i\vr(!nce, Cluion Greer, -lonathan Coulter, Robert 
Moore, James Allison, Samuel Power, James Dennis, James Lyon, 
Samuel Lawrence, David Hayes, William McLean, Thomas Henry, 
Samuel McClure, Abner Lacock, .lohn R. Shannon, Robert Darragh, 
James Logan, Milo Adams, -lames Potter, Daniel Agnew, Smith Cun- 
ningham, Atlas E. Lacock, Hiram Stowe, Oliver Cunningiiam, .Fohn 
Barclay, B. B. Cliamberlin, Hugli Sutherland, Daniel Agnew, I!. (J. 
Critclilow, A. T. Shallenljerger, John L Stokes, Charles AVeaver, Ben- 
jamin AVilde, Isaac Cook, Joseph Irvin, James P)arnes, John Mulva- 
non, Thomas McCreerv, Joim A. A[c(4ill, T. J. Power, Thomas Cun- 
ningham, John Pugli, Oliver Cunningham, James D. Ray. Joshua 
Monroe, AVilliam AlcCallister, David IMinis, Daniel Agnew, Robeit 
Dilworth, Smith (Umningham. Hugh Anderson, Stephen Todd, Wil- 
liam Allison, Oliver Cunning-ham, John Barclay, James Allison, ILioh 
Andei'son, J. II. Dickson, J. II. Whisle, R. G. McGregor, AVilliam 
Davidson, C. B. McClay, John Murray, ]\I. T. Kennedy, Samuel Moor- 
head, D. S. ]\Iarquis, John B. A'oung, J. A. ]McGill, D. A. Cunningham, 
David Ramsey, Thomas Allison, A. T. Shallenberger, D. II. A. 
McLean, James Allison, Henry Ilice, D. A. Cunningham, AVilliam 
Oi'r, A. R. JMoore, J. C. AVilson, A. T. Shallenberger, Rev. D. P. Low- 
ar3% John Murra}', David Stanton, S. J. Cross, John Barclay, Samuel 
Magaw, Richey Eakin, D. P. Lowray, J. M. Smith, B. C. Critcidow, 
M. Darragh, John Murray, Henry Ilice, D. McKmney Jr , Samuel 
Moorhead, R. S. Imbrie, P. S. Grim, J. R. Ilarrah, John Caughey, D. 
L. Dempsey, J. M. Pessender, James Scroggs, II. R. IVIoor'e, D. Sin- 
gleton, D. J. Satterfield, A. G. Wallace, AV. (L Taylor. 

Aiiditors: James McDowell, Hugh McCidlough, James Davidson, 
David Findlev, James Davidson, John G. Johnston, Stewart Boyd, 
Josiah Laird, William Johnston, Andi-ew Jenkins, ]\tatthew Kennedy, 
Joseph Niblock, John Shane, John Keelin, P. G. \'icary, P. L. Gi-im, 
P. L. Grim, David Wliite, AV. H. Frazier, Rezin R. (4amble, William 
C. Hunter, Findlev Anderson, James Allison Jr., John Chiistmas, 
Joseph Pollock, Stephen Ruiiyon, Daniel Christy, James Eakin, James 
Freed, Adam Poe, James Scott, Ilenrv Davis, David (lordon, Ai-chi- 


l)alcl Harvey, Thomas Xicholson, Koljert McFerren, John B. Early, J. 
C. Wilson, J. C. liichey, William Barnes, James M. Pander, Samuel 
Mitchell, James Morrison, John Stewart, John Bryan, John Clark, 
Stewart Kowan, John Morton, James Leslie. Hugh McCuUough, John 
G. Johnston, James Davidson, John Hull, William Jlorton, James 
Henry, J. S. Allswortli, Itobert Dunlap, William T. Davidson, Henry 
Brj'^an, Charles McCurdy, Samuel Bigger, Thomas Eussell, Thomas 
Boggs, John R. Eakin, Thomas C. Cochran, William Cheney, James 
McClure, J. H. Cooper, G. K. Shannon, llalpli Covert, Charles A. 
Hoon, II. Cooper, J. E. Ilarton, David E. McCallister, James Whit- 
ham, William Thomas, James II. Christv, Smith Curtis, C. C. Kii;:"s, 
F. Anderson, A. L. Mclvibben, James I. Douds, Hugh J. Marshall, J. 
F. McMillen, W. II. Lukens, W. C. Hunter, A. P. Sickman, J. F. Cul- 
bertson, Hugh Davis, C. C. Ilazen. 

State Senators: From ISdl to 1817 the district consisted of the 
counties of Allegheny, Beaver and Butler. The Senators were; 
1801-5, Thomas Morton; 1805-8, James Martin; 1808-9, Abner 
Lacock, of Beaver; 1809-11, Francis McClure; 1S11-'13, Thomas 
Baird ; 1813-'17, Walter Lowrie. 

From 1817 to 1823, the district consisted of Allegheny, Beaver, 
Butler and Armstrong counties. 181 7-'19, Walter Lowrie; 1819-"21, 
Samuel Power ; 1821-23, William Marks. 

From 1823 to 1831 the district known as the Twenty-lirst, com- 
])rised Allegheny, Beaver and Butler counties again. 1823-25, Wil- 
liam Marks, Jr. ; 1825-27, Samuel Powers ; 1827-29, Moses Sullivan ; 
1829-'31, John Brown. 

From 1831 to 1835 the district was known as the Twenty-fifth, 
the counties remaining the same. 1831-33, Moses Sullivan. 

Frcjm 1835 to 1838 the district was known as the Twenty-first, 
and comprised Beaver and Butler counties. lS35-'37, John Dickey. 

Vyow\ 183s until 1845 the district was known as the Twentieth, 
and from 1S45 until 184s, as the Twenty-fifth, each time comprising 
Beaver and Mercer counties. 1838-41, John J. Pearson, of Mercer; 
1842-'1844,WiIliam Stewait; lS45-'47, liobert Darragli, of Beaver. 

From 1848 until 1851, the district was known as the Twenty- 
fifth, comprising Mercer, Beaver and Lawrence counties. 1848-'50, 
David Sankey. 

P'rom 1851 until ISCiO, the district was known as the Twenty -firet, 
and consisted of Butler, Beaver and Lawrence counties. 1851-52, 
William Hoslea, elected from Allegheny and Butler counties in 1849; 


lS52-'53, Archibald Eobertson ; ISo-Jr-'SC, John Ferguson; 1S57-59, 
John R. Harris. 

From 1860 until 1804, the district was numljered Twentv-tifth. 
and com]3rised Beaver and Eutler counties. 1860-'G2, D. L. Imbrie; 
ISeS-'til, Charles McCandless. 

From 1804 until 1873, the district was known as the Twentv-sixth, 
and comprised AVashington and Beaver counties. 18ti4-'(i6, William 
Hopkins; 1807-09, Alexander W. Taylor; ls7(i-'72, James S. Rutan. 

From 1873 until 1870, the district still known as the Twenty- 
sixth comprised Beaver, Butler and Washington counties. 1873-7.5, 
James S. Rutan. 

Since 1870, the district is known as the Forty-sixth, and includes 
Beaver and Washington counties. 1x70-78, George V. Lawrence; 
1879-80, George V. Lawrence; 1S81-82, George V. Lawrence; 
1883-'84 and 1S8.5-'8G, F. FI. Agnew; 1887-88, Jos. R. McLain. 

Represi'idaiiwii: Fi'om Is(i2 to 18(is, Allegiieny, Beaver and Butler 
counties were joined, and sent tiiree representatives as follows: 
1802-3, Samuel EwaJt, John McMasters and Abner Lacock ; 1803-'4, 
George Robinson. .lohn McBride and Joiin Wilson; 1804-'."> George 
Robinson, Aljner Lacock and Jacob Alechling; 1805- 0. Jacob Mech- 
ling, Abner Lacock and Francis ilcClure; lS00-'7, Jacob Mechling, 
Abner Lacock and Francis McGhire: 1807- '8, Jacob Mechling, Abner 
Lacock and Francis McClure. 

From 1808 to 1829, Beaver sent Ijut one representative, and acted 
independently. 1808- 9-'l<i- 11-M2-'13- 14, John Lawrence; 1S14-'15, 
Tiioinas Henry; 1815- 10-'17- 18, John Clarke; 1818-'19, George 
Cochran ; 1819-'20-'21-'22, James Stockman ; ls22-'23-'24-'25, Samuel 
Lawrence; lS2.5-"2r,, ,Iohii A. Scroggs; ]820-'27-'28-'29, John R. 

From ls29 to 18.")1, Beaver county sent two representatives. 
lS29-'30-"31, Samuel Power and Robert Moore; 1831-32, Samuel 
Power and John R. Sliannon; 1832-'33, Abner Lacock and Benjamin 
Adams; 1833-34, Abner Lacock and John Clarke; 1834-'35, Abner 
Lacock and Joseph Pollock; 1835-30, John Clarke and John Harslie ; 
1836-37-38, John Ilarshe and William Morton. 

In 1839 there was no regular session, the time of assemblv liavinn- 
been changed by the constitution of 1838, from December to January. 
1838- 39-40, James Sprott and AVilliam Morton ; ls41, Matthew T. 
Kennedy and James Sprott; 1842 and 1843. Mattiiew T. Kennedy and 
John Ferguson; 1844, Solomon Bennett and Thomas Nicholson ; 1845, 


Thomas Nicholson and J. T. Cunningham ; ISifi, Robert McOlellantT 
and Thomas Nicholson; 1847 and IS-iS, John Allison and John Shai'i); 
1849 and 1850, John Sharp and William Smith. 

From 1851 until 1858, Beaver, Butler and Lawrence cotinties were 
joined, and sent thi-ee representatives. 1851, Thomas Dungan, Daniel 
H. B. Brewer and Samuel Hamilton; 1852, Thomas Dungan, Samuel 
Hamilton and J. R. Harris ; 1853, John R. Harris, Brown B. Cham- 
berlain and Jolm D. Rauey ; 1854 and 1855, B. B. Chamberlain, Wil- 
liam Stewart and R. B. McCombs ; 1856, De Lorma hnbrie, Alexander 
W. Crawford and Robert B. McCombs; 1857, De Lorma Imbrie, 
George P. Shaw ami A. W. Crawford. 

From 1858 until 1865, Beaver and Lawrence counties were joined, 
sending two representatives. 1858, De Lorma Imbrie and George P. 
Shaw : 1859 and 1860, Joseph H. Wilson and James F. Bryson ; 1861,, 
Jose})h II. Wilson and John W. IJlanchard ; 1862, William Henry and 
John AV. Blanchard ; 1863 and 1864, William Henry and Isaiah White. 

From 1865 until 1872, Washington and Beaver counties were 
joined, sending three representatives. 1865, R. R. Reed, James R. 
Kelly and Matthew S. Quay; 1866 and 1867, J. R. Day, John Ewing 
and ]\Iatthew S. Quay; 18<iS, John Ewing, J. R. Day and Thomas 
Nicholson ; 1S6'J, II. J. Vankirk, A. J. Buffington and Thomas Nich- 
olson ; 1870, H. J. Vankirk, A. J. Buffington and Wm. C. Sherlock;. 
1871, D. M. Leatherman, AVilliam A. Micke}^ and Wm. C. Sherlock. 

From 1872 until 1874, Beaver, Butler and Washington counties 
were joined, sending four representatives. 1872, G. W. Fleeger, Joseph 
Lusk, D. M. Leatherman and Wm. A. Mickey; 1873, Samuel J. Cross, 
William S. Waldron, David McKee and J. Allison; 1874, Samuel J. 
Cross, David McKee, A. L. Campbell and J. Allison. 

Since 1874, Beaver county has acted independent!}', sending two 
representatives, each serving two years. 1875-''76, Joseph Graff and 
C. I. Wendt; lS77-'78, John Caugliey and Gilbert L. Eberhart; 
1879-'S0, John Caughey and Thomas Bradford; 188 1-' 82, Ira F. Mans- 
field and Edward Spencer; 1883-84. A. R. Thompson and J. E. 
McCabe; lS85-"86, R. L. Sterling and W. II. Marshall; 1887-88, Har- 
ford P. Brown and John F. Dravo. 



Land Titles — Eakly Roads and Turnpikes — Teams andTeamsters — • 
Canals — Railroads — Disastkous Floods — Early Mail Facil- 
rriKs — Population uy Decades. 

THE lands in Pennsylvania, tli(>ni;li ndniinally owned by tlie Penn 
propi'ietarysliip, weresnliject to certain reasonable claims by the 
Indian tribes occnpyino' tlieni. These Indian claims conkl not be 
ignored. The cnmnKunvcaltli, pursuing the ])o]icy inaugurated by 
William Penn, decided to secure its Indian titles Ijy purchase. 

In ])ursuance of this purpose a treaty, made in Octoljei", 1784, at 
Fort Stanwi.x; nrnw Rome), New York, with the Six Nations, sectired 
the extinguishment of all their title to the lands included within the 
following boundaries: " Beginning at the south side of the Ohio river 
where the western boundary of the State of Pennsylvania crosses the 
said river, near Shingho's old town, at the mouth of Beaver creelc, and 
thence bv a due north line to the end of the fortv-second and the beain- 
ning of the forty-third degrees of north latitude, to the east side of 
the east branch of the River Susquehanna, and thence by the bounds 
of the purchase of ITOS,* to the place of beginning." 

But there were rival claims among the Indians ; consequently, in 
January, 1785, by the treaty at Fort Mcintosh with the chiefs of the 
Delawares and the Wyandottes, a purchase from them released their 
title to all the lands included within the same boundaries. This relieved 
all difficulty so fai' as Indian titles were concerned. 

Another difficulty, however, existed. The commonwealth, as the 

sole proprietor of its lands, antici]iating tlie results of these pui'chases,, 

decided by an act of ^larch 12, 1'S'^. to appropriate a large ])art of the 

purchases of 178-4 and 1785 for a double purpose : 

* The treaty of .~)tli Novemlier, t7(is, nuide also at. Fort Stanwix, lietnccn the Penns 
and the Six Xalions. extiniiuishid llie liuliuii title to that porlion of tlie state lyiiij; on 
the east side of a boundary bi-irinning at tlic intersection of the north slate line and the 
north braneh of the Susquehanna river, and nmninfj eircuitously along the west branch 
of that river to the Ohio (Allegheny) at Kittanning: thence along that river to tlie inter- 
section of the west line and the main Ohio. Fnaii this point, the line ran southward 
and eastward by the western and southern boundaries of the state, to the east side of the 
Allegheny mountains. 



Firnt — To redeem tlie certificates of depreciation issued to officers 
and soldiers of tlie Pennsylvania line |nirsuant to the act of December 
18, 17S0, which provided that the certificates siiould be equal to gold 
or silver, in payment of unlocated lands, if the holder desired to make 
such a purchase. 

Second — To fulfill a solemn promise of the state, contained in a 
resolution of March 7. 1780, (juaranteeinfj to the officers and soldiers 
of the Pennsylvania line certain ilonations of land, according to their 
rank in the service. 

These promises of the state, made at that dark period of the I'evo- 
lution, when enlistments were expiring and the eneniv were overrun- 
ning her territory, secured valiant men to defend her soil and perpetu- 
ate her honor. Slie was ilisposed to keep her promises. In liannony 
with lier pledges, this territory was, by the act of March 12, 1783, sep- 
arated by a due west line running from MoguUnightiton creek, on the 
AUeyhenv I'iver, above Kittannino-, to the western bonndarv of the 
state. This line runs about seven or eight miles south of the ])resent 
city of New Ciistle. 

Lanil l3'ing south of this line was devoted to theredeni]ition of the 
depreciation certificates, and became known as "Depreciation Lands."' 
The state reserved from this section two tracts of 3,OiiO acres each ; one 
at the mouth of the Allegheny river, the site of the city of Allegheny; 
the other at and including lioth sides of the mouth of Big Beaver 
river. The second tract embraced the site of Fort Mcintosh, or the 
present town of Beaver. 

The land lying north of the heretofore described line was set apait 
for donations to the soldiers of the Pennsylvania line, and is known as 
" Donation Lands." 

The " Depreciation Lanils" were finally surveyed ami sub-divided. 
The territoiw was cut into five ]n-incipal districts, extending from the 
Ohio northward, and numl)ering from west to east; District IS'o. 1, 
assigned to Alexander MeClean. dej)uty surveyor, lay along tlie 
western boundary of the state; No. 2 was assigned to Daniel 

Leet and Eichie ; No. 3 was assigned to William Alexander, 

Samuel Nicholson, Ephraim Douglass and Samuel Jones, aiul is 
usually Iciiown as Braden's district; No. 1 was assigned to James 
Cunningham: and No. 5 to Joshua Elder antl John IMorris. 

Other obstacles had to be overc(nTie. Unimpaired titles to lands 
were difficult to secure. Many daring spirits had, before Indian diffi- 
culties and claims were fully adjusted, crossed tiie Allegheny mountains 


and located upon lands lying in this region. The hostilities of the Indians 
prevented their complying with the terms which would complete their 
titles. They were compelled to abandon their improvements and 
retire beyond the river. In consequence, very perplexing questions 
finally arose as to the rightful ownership of the lands they had claimed. 

The difficulties thus started were increased greatly by the opera- 
tions of large land companies, organized to secure valuable tracts in the 
new territory. The most conspicuous of these com]5anies were the 
North American Land Company, the Pennsylvania Population Com- 
pany, and the Holland Land Company. The last two secui'ed immense 
tracts of land in this region, the terms of the purcliase being those stip- 
ulated in the law — the payment of seven pounds ten shillings ])er 
hundred acres, and the niakin<;-. or caaisiny to be made, of a lej-'al settle- 
ment on eacii tract covered by a warrant. 

To induce settlements on their lanils. they ])roposed to grant, in fee 
simple, to every settler complying with tiie ])rovisions of the law, one 
hundred and fifty acres, while they W((uld modestly take two hundi'ed 
and fifty acres as their lion's share. This plan prevented the accomplish- 
ment of the purposes of the companies. Settlers preferred to take 
their own chances, and hence began to make improvements for them- 
selves, on four-hundred-acre tracts — sometimes on lands claimed 
by these companies. The inevitable result was suits of ejectment 
against those encroaching upon the lands to which no i)erfect title had 
yet been secured. Fruitless and expensive litigation was the bane of 
the region, preventing rapid and permanent improvements and com- 
pelling the free migration to Ohio and other portions of the North- 
Avest territory just opening up to settlers. 

The laying out of roads early attracted the attention of set- 
tlers. At first these were simply blazed paths, winding hither and 
thither to accommodate the people. As the settlements were more 
dense these paths became wideneil so that conveyances could pass with- 
out difficulty. 

One of the earliest roads in the county was the military highway 
known as the Bnxidhead road, cut from Fort Pitt througii the country 
on the " South Side," to supply provisions and other stores for Fort 
Mcintosh. Its line is distinctly traceable yet. 

At the first court in Beaver, Felnuary, 1804, seven petitions were 
presented for the establishing of roads, the majority of which, on 
account of irregularity in foi'm, or on account of remonstrances filed, 
were rejected. One, under the latter class, was a petition for a road 


from Beaver town to Youngstown. The viewers, Henry Alery, John 
Sharpe, James Boies, John Savers, Thomas Hannah and Eobert Clarke, 
reported at the May session, but the court reserved decision until 
August, when the petition was refused. 

The records show persistence in tliese petitions. Sul)sequentlj^ 
they were more successful. State and county I'oads were established, 
■which necessitated the erection of l)ridges. At first these were )>lain 
wooden structures. In course of time they were supplanteil l)y iron 
structures of great strength and beauty — all of which indicates the 
march of ]irogress. 

A jieculiar form of roadway in the early day was that known as 
the turnpike — sometimes corduroyed with timber and branches, some- 
times made of plank, and sometimes of sand, gravel or stone. Two 
important institutions — adjuncts — were required to complete this 
thoroughfare, the toll-gate and the inn. The latter was the merry 
place at which the heart of the weary traveler was made glad as he 
enjoyed the rich fare of the table, the tempting drink of the bar, the 
strains of enchanting music in the evening, and the companionship of 
others wending their weary way along the same track. The six-horse 
team, each animal wearing heavy howson and strongly built harness ; 
the lead horse guided with a line held firmly by the teamster, sitting on 
one of the rear pair of aninuils, drew a large conestoga wagon, with 
crescent-shaped box, filled to its utmost capacity with househeld goods 
or merchandise. Drivers of these teams requii'ed the stimulus of good 
entertainment ; and this they received at the country inns, which were 
planted every mile or two along tliese turnpikes. 

The memory of those good old days is vividly recalled in the fol- 
lowing stanzas : 


We hear no more the clanking hoof. 

And the stage-coach rattling by; 
For the steam-king rules the traveled world, 

And the old pike's left to die. 
The grass creeps o'er the tlintv path. 

And the stealthy daisies steal 
Where once the stage-horse, day by day, 

Lifted his iron heel. 

No more the weary sta.ger dreads 

Tlie toil of the coming morn; 
No longer the bustling landlord runs 

At the sound of the echoing horn; 


For the dust lies still upnu the road, 

And bright-eyed children play 
Where once the clattering hoof and wheel 

Hattled along the waj'. 

No more we hear the cracking whip. 

Or the strong wheel's rumbling sound ; 
And ah ! the water drives us on, 

And an iron horse is found ! 
The coach stands rusting in the yard, 

And the horse has sought the plough; 
We have spanned the world witli an iron rail, 

And the steam-king rules us now ! 

The old turnpike is a pike no more; 

Wide open stands the gate ; 
We have made us a road for our horses to stride, 

Which we ride at a tlying rate; 
We have filled the valleys and leveled the hills, 

And tunnelled the mountain side ; 
And round the rough crag's dizzy verge 

Fearlessly now we ride ! 

On — on — on — with a haughty front ! 

A puff, a shriek and a bound ; 
While the tardy echoes wake too late 

To liabl)le back the sound. 
And the old pike road is lefl alone. 

And the stagers seek the plough ; ' 

We have circled the world with an iron rail, 

And the steam-king rules us now. 

A second means of internal conmierce was the canal. In April, 
1831, John Dickey, superintendent of tiie Beaver division of the Penn- 
sylvania canal, announces that lie will receive proposals at his office, 
in Beaver, until July 2(ith, for making u canal or slack water naviga- 
tion the whole distance from the mouth of Big Beaver to New Castle. 
On the 2!»th of the same month, a meeting was called b_y Thomas 
Henr\% Abner Lacock, Charles Shaler, Jonathan Sloane and John 
Dickey, to be held at the Beaver courthouse the 7th of June to open 
books for stock in the Pennsylvania & Ohio canal. 

Prior to these steps, however. General Samuel Power had suc- 
■ceeded, against much opposition, in securing the passage of a bill 
making a])propriations for the canal by the Pennsylvania legislature, 
of which he was a member. For his faithful services in their behalf, 
he was justly entitled to, and received, the gratitude of Beaver county 


The canal thus begun was completed in process of time, and for 
many years was a means of life and genuine thrift to Beaver valley. 
It served its ]iurpose until more rapid means of communication, pre- 
dicted by those wise-seeing pioneers,* Abner Lacock, Dr. Joseph Pol- 
lock, M. T. C. Gould and others, made its existence unprofitable and 
unnecessary, and then peacefully departed to the realm of by-gone 
enterprises. The Harmony Society finally became the owner of its 
franchises from the lower end of Xew Brighton to the mouth of the 
Connoquenessing creek. Xow, instead of the tardy canal boat on only 
one side of Big Beaver, propelled by horses whose stinuilus was the 
whip and the not too excessively religious commands of the driver, may 
be heard on both sides the shrill and sonorous shrieks of the iron horse as 
he plunges along, drawing his immense burden of life and property. 
Truly, who dares lament the demise of the old canal ? 

About 1S36, another canal, the Sandy A: Beaver, was projected, 
and one or two small boats succeedeil in reaching the Ohio at the 
mouth of Little Beaver, near Glasgow. It failed to realize the antici- 
pations of its projectors and "died a-bornin." 

The first intimation of active interest in railroad matters is shown 
by the fact that a meeting was hehl at the courthouse in Beaver, 
February 12, 1S35, to appoint a committee to cooperate with citizens 
in Ohio, relative to the construction of a railroad from Conneaut, Ohio, 
to the mouth of Big Beaver, the charter of which had been recently 
granted by the legislature of Ohio. The officers on the occasion wei'e : 
President — Hon. Thomas Henry; vice-presidents — Ovid Pinne\% Dr. 
Jolin Winter; secretaries — W. H. Denny, J. P. Johnston. 

The proposed road was indorsed heartily, and a committee of 
cooperation appointed. 

For many years, there was in contemplation the building of a road 
occupying the line of the present Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne ct Chicago 
railway. Finally, on the 21th of February, 1818, was incorporated by 
act of the Ohio Legislature, the Ohio Division of the Ohio <k Penn- 
sylvania Eailroad Company. On the 11th of the ensuing April the 

* General Lacock predicted sixty years ago that steam cars would run in front of 
his residence at Freedom, so rapidly tliat tbcir passengers could not count his fence posts. 
Dr. Pollock wrote in 1831 : "If, in the progress of improvements, experience should give 
a preference to railroads over canals, our situations afford equal facilities for each 
(which is very probable); the advantages of our situation would in no degree be lessened. 
Suppose such communication perfected (and the time is not distant when such an 
Improvement can be no longer postponed), we will ilien have our selection to take 
advantage of the communication already noticed, or embark ourselves and our traiBc at 
our own doors to be transported with all the facilities and dispatch incident to modern 
locomotion. " 


Pennsylvania legislature acquiesced in the charter. On the 4th of 
July, 1849, ground was first bi'oken near the village of Palestine, 
Columbiana county, Ohio. On tiiat occasion, "the birthday of that 
great work," Solomon W. Eoberts, chief engineer, delivered an acklress 
detailing tiie history and advantages of the enterprise. The contract 
for building the road through Beaver county was let April 24, 1850. 
The first train from Pittsburgh to Pochester was run July 19, 1851 ;■ 
and the fii'st e.xcursion train, beyond tlie liiuits of the county toward 
Alliance, came from Pittsljurgh tiie L'Md of the following October. 

Tlie ne.xt railroad to be constructed was the Cleveland & Pitts- 
burgh. ]'>eaver county, through its commissioners, invested $100,000 in 
this enterprise in June, 185:;?, the date of the beginning of its con- 
struction. On the 14th of Septembei', 185S, Samuel Foljauibe, sec- 
retary of the company, issued a circular from Cleveland, announcing 
that the second installment of stock foi' the consti-uction of the Beaver 
extension would re(piire to be ])ai(l in by the 1st of the ensuing 
November. This road, entering Beavt^r county at Glasgow, follows the 
north bank of the Ohio, and joins the P., Ft. W. & ( '. road at Kocliester, 
and uses its track to Pittsburgh. The road seems to have done a good 
business from the tii'st; for in .Inly. Is5."i. it declared a dividend of 
seven per cent. 

The next to be constructed is what is now known as tiie Ei'ie & 
Pittsburgh Railway. As early as June IS, 1851, a meeting was held 
at New Castle for the purjHjse of deliberating on and devising the 
most efficient means for the early commencement and final completion 
of the Pittsburgh & Erie Railroad. The road, however, was not oper- 
ated by this name, but under tlie designation of New Castle & Beaver 
Viilley Railroad Company was chartered in 18()2, and in October of 
the following year was opened lor tralKc. In 18fi5. it was leased for a 
period of ninety -nine yeai's Ijy the P., Ft. W. & C. R. R. Co., and is 
now operated in connection with their I'oad, known as the Erie tt Pitts- 

The present board of directors comjirises A. L. Crawford, ]ires- 
ident; Pi. W. Cunningham. William Patterson, W. L. Scott, of Erie, 
William Harl)augh aiul John L. ('ra\vford. chosen in ])lace of William 
Crawford. The route extending from llomewood to Wam]iiiiu is 
called the New Brighton iV New Castle road. 

The Pittsbui'gh, Marion i^; (liicaiio Railmad Company was organ- 
ized and incorporated March •".. 1852, under the title of the "Dar- 
lington Cannel Coal Com[)any." The subscribers to its capital stock 


wei'e John White, Matthew Elder, John McCowen, WilUam R. Ster- 
ling. Edwin ]\Iorse, Thompson & Ta.iigert. D. H. WaUace. "W. A. N. 
Eakin, Martin Atchison, George AValter, James McGowan, Thomas J. 
McGowan, Thomas F. Ekler, James M. Hartford. T). P. Hartford, 
Samuel Eakin. "William Eakin and James AV. Burns. The corporators 
iind tirst board of tlirectors were John White, president; Matthew 
Elder, John McCowen. Martin Atchison and Edwin Morse. 

The road continued under this management three years, when Mr. 
M. B. Fetterman, of Pittsburgh, became president. Troubles arose in 
the management, the purpose of the road was changed from a mere 
local coal road to a line competing with the great trunk lines running 
from New York to Chicago, the projiertv was mortgaged, foreclosed, 
and finally operated by the Economy Society for a number of years, 
until, in 1882, it passed into the present management. The present 
■officers are John Holly, president; C. DeClark, general manager; 
G. W. Dickson, superintendent, and H. T. Hanna, general freight 
and pa.ssenger agent. 

The Pittsburgh & Lake Erie is a comparatively new road travers- 
ing tlie west bank of the Ohio and Big Beaver rivers through Beaver 
county. Ai'ticles of association under the general laws of Penn- 
sylvania were granted to the company, May 11. 1875, and a charter 
^■ranted one week later. The route began in Pittsburgh. 

In A])ril, 1S77, the Youngstown »fc Pittsburgh road was chartered. 
It represented the Ohio portion of the system fi-om the state line to 
Youngstown. The same year the capital stock was increased to 
$2,000,(»0i'. In 1S7S. the Youngstown eV- Pittsburgh (Ohio organi- 
zation) was consolidated. On the 21st of Septeml)er of this year, the 
first locomotive crossed the Ohio River bridge. Tiiis magnificent iron 
structure, let it be noted, is between Phillipsburg and Beaver. It is 
2,550 feet long, and 90 feet above low water. 

The Ohio river has been noted for its occasional sprees. Tiien the 
heautifiil river is converted into the majestic, and carries destruction 
and tei'ror along its course. The first of these great swells of which 
we have any reliable account is the " Punkin Flood"' of isiu. At 
Pittsburgh the water measured thirty -two feet. 

The next was that of 1832, when the depth was thirty-five feet. 
It occurred Friday and Saturday, February 10 and 11. The water 
at the mouth of the Big Beaver is said to have been deeper than 
was ever known l)efore. Bridgewater. Sharon and Fallston were all 
inundated, as well as tlie buiklings up and down the river. Stephen 


Stone estimated his loss at the Point at !?10,n(»0. General Lacock's 
valuable library was destroyeil, the water I'eaciiing the ceiling of his 
residence. David ^[inis and II. J. Wasson were heavy sufferers, tiie 
latter losing his house, which was carrieil otf. At Sharon, the fcnindry 
of Darragh & Stow was torn a.way. At Fallston, the scythe factory 
of D. S. Stone was destroyed. 

Another severe flood occurred in 1852, whose depth reached thirty- 
one feet and nine inches. On the 18tli of March, 1865, occurred another 
of the same depth. The cause was the disajipeai-ance of snow by rain 
along tlie Allegheny. Trains wei'e sto]iped on the Fort Wayne road. 
On Monday, the l'2th of August, 1S61, a rise in Big Beaver swej't 
away the C. tt P. railroad bridge at Rochester, desti'oying even the 
piers. The loss of property at New Brighton and Fallston was above 
$10,01 >0. 

The greatest Hood of all was that of Februarv 5, (> and 7, 1881. 
Jesse Smith, at Smith's Ferry, kept a record in his hotel register. 
February 5, watei' was nine feet. February 6, rained all niglit, 
water twenty-five feet and rising twelve inclies per hour. February 
7, river four feet in the house, and three feet and ten inches higlier 
than in 1852, fifteen inches higher than in 1832, and five feet higher 
than in 1810. 

The rush in Big Beaver swejit away the Fallston In-idge, which, 
lodging against the old wooden bridge at Bridgewater, carried it down. 
Both swept against tiie railroad liridge of the G. & P. line, and the 
three then crashed against the P. it L. E. P. K. bridge, tearing out a 
number of tiie iron spans. 

The ])resent rajiid mail facihties and cheajt ])ostage are very unlike 
those of pioneer times. Tiien envelopes were not used; hut foolsca]^ or 
other paper served botii for the message and wrajtper. Tlie sheet was 
folded with a clear side exposed, on which was ])l;iced the super- 
scription. Tlie message was sealed by means of red wafers. Tlie 
rates of postage were as follows: Single letters by land conveyed not 
over -fO miles, S cents; 40 to 90 miles, lo cents; 90 to 150 miles, 127|- 
cents; 150 to 300 miles, 17 cents; 800 to 500 miles, 20 cents; over 500 
miles, 25 cents. 

It may not generally be known that slavery at one time existed 
within the limits of Beaver county. Such was the case. In 1800 there 
were four slaves; in 1810 there were eight; in 1820 there were five; in 
1830 none, all having been liberated by law. 

Of these early slaves, James Nicholson, a farmer in ISig Beaver, 


ouikhI three, viz: Pompey Frazier, Tamar Frazier and Bett}' Mathers. 
Mr. and Mrs. Nicholson, by deed dated May <!, 1S19, conveyed to 
these tliree "servants" the I'ann on which they resided, the deed, how- 
ever, to take no eifect as long as the testators lived. Ten years after 
the date of the deed i\[r. Niciiolson died. Shortly after. Tamar, one 
of the "servants, '" also died. Ponipcy ;iiul I'etty continued to reside 
witli ^[rs. Nicholson until she died, after which they became complete 
possessors of the farm. Pompey died without offspring; but Betty, 
having married a man named Henry Jord;in, in IS-fo, had several sons, 
and daughters. Betty, wIk) died in ISTi', sold the land referi'ed to^ 
and upon it has since been built the greater part of New Galilee. 

Levi Dungan, one of the first settlers in the Frankfort vicinity, 
brought with him from Philadelphia two slaves, Fortune and Lunn. 
both of whom remained in his service until they died. 

Isaac Hall, a colored man, bought at auction in Baltimore, in l.sUi. 
by Captain John Ossman, was brought to this county and remained a 
slave for his jnirchaser until he died. 

Henry and Henley AVebster, two slaves of John Roberts, of Han- 
over townshi]!, came with him from Fautjuier county, Va., in 1S20, and 
remained with their master for nuiny years. 

As showini;- the e-rowth of Beaver countv, the aii-ofreo-ate iiopu- 
lation by decades is given, commencing with the census of ISdU : 

The population in 1800 was 5,776; 1810, 12,168; 1820, 15,340; 1830, 
24,183; 1840, 29,368; 1850, 26,fiS9; 1S60, 20,140; 1870, 3t;.14S; ISSO. 
39,603. The large decrease from lS4o to 18.M* is attributable to the 
detachment of a large part of its territory to form Lawrence county, 
in 1849. 




Dignity of thk Law — Ciiakacter <>v Early Bench and Bar — Sketches 
OF Resident Judges — Associate Judges — Prominent Attorneys — 
Early^ Attorney' Fees — Cf;lef.ratkd Causes — Associations' — List 
OF Attorneys. ' 

A LEAI)I]S"<i position lius always been given in the occupations of 

i^\ man to what ai'e known as tiie learneil jirofessions : tlieologv, 

hiw and medicine. Tiie first two deal with man as amenable to law 

anil g-overnment; the lattei' with man as to his ])hysica,l ])redica,ments. 

Law is defined, y>y high authority, to he a i-ule of action, protect- 
ing and encouriiging the good, ami restraining and pum'shing the evil. 
Its origin, then, is found in strict right and justice. Its purpose, prop- 
erly apprehended, is the pi'otection and amelioration of human society. 
The fi-equent perversions witnessed in its a[ipIication to practical life 
are not chargeable to the science itself, l>ut to the ignorance or corrupt 
hearts of its exponents. Divorced from the inordinate desire of petty 
pelf or selfish fame, its advocates are true conservators of private and 
])ublic morals. Those who desire to attain elevated positions in the 
temple of justice are reminded by the Goddess of Justice to remove the 
shoes from their feet, as the interim' is l}()ly and sacred, and not to Ije 
defiled by unregenerate humanity. 

The law has always been regarded as affording a superior field, 
not only for the social and financial standing of its members in 
their chosen calling, but for preferment and advancement in other 
departments to which it may be considered contributory. Hence sta- 
tistics show clearly that a large per cent of those given ])ositions in 
legislative or executive work has been selected from the legal ranks. 
Too fi'cfpiently, however, young attorneys make the mistake of enteiing 
political lil'e Ijefore tliey have l)ecome imliued with the true cluiracter 
of the law, or accumulated sufficient means to lead independent lives. 
The i-esult is a low degree of statesmanship, which manifests itself in 
all forms of ti'ickery and demagogy. Justice Stanley Matthews 
refused all political offices until he had accumulated wealth sufficient 



to meet his demands in life. Tiie n^sult was a life-long position in the 
highest court of the nation. 

The early court and bai* of Beavei* county was represented by 
men of no ordinarj' ability. " There were giants in those da3's." Manr 
of them were itinerant l)arristers, their residences being in Pittsbui-gh, 
Washington. Butlei', jMercer and "\Ieadvilie. Their influence on tiie 
bar of the new count}' was good. Men of learning and ability, they 
stimulated others to put forth their best efforts for growth and success. 
The effect was visible, in due time, in bTiilding up in I'eaver county a 
bar that would not suffer by comparison with that of any other county 
in Western Pennsylvania. 

At the iirst court held in Peaver in February, 18u4, the president 
judge was lion. ,lesse Moore. His district was No. 6, embracing the 
counties of Beaver, Butler, Crawford, Mercer and p]rie. 

Hon. Jesse Moore was a native of Montgomery county, Pennsyl- 
vania. While practicing law at Sunbury, Pennsylvania, he was 
appointed judge of the Sixth district, his commission bearing date 
April 5, 181)8. He removed at once to Meadville, to assume the duties 
of the new position, which he discharged efficiently. He died Decem- 
ber 21, 1824, in the fifty-ninth year of his age. He was well educated, 
a diligent student and a good lawyer. He was upright and impartial 
in his decisions, and sustained, at all times, the honor and dignity of 
his profession. 

The next judge was Hon. Samuel Poberts. lie was born in Phil- 
adelphia, Se])tember S, lTt)3, and was educated and read law in the 
same city, lie was admitted to the l)ar in ITl'o. The same year he 
married Maria Heath, of Yoi-k. and soon afterwai'd removed 
to Lancaster and thence to Sunbui-y. He was ap])ointed from 
that place as judge. He was a y-ood hiwyer and an exein|ilai'y man. 
He gained the resj)ect of the bar. but was somewhat indulgent to 
attorneys, thus sacriticing the vim and dispatch of the court. He died 
in Pittsburgh, Deceml)er 13, 1S2(). 

Judge William AVilkins was a]>])ointed by (Governor William 
Findlay as the successor of Judge Roberts. Thea])])ointment occurred 
only a few hours prior to the expiration of Findlay's term, a special 
messenger having j^een dis])atclied to Ilarrisburgh to make announce- 
ment of Roberts' death. The messenser arrived just in time, having 
been favored along the line with fresh horses to facilitate his speed. 

William AYilkins was born December 20. 1779. He was educated 
at Dickinson colletre, and read law with Judge Watt, of Carlisle. Ilis- 


father liaving- removed to Pittsburgh in IT.^G, he was admitted to the 
bar in that cit}' in ISOl. He was a})pointed president judge December 
18, 1820, and resigned May 25, 1824, when he was appointed judge of 
the district court of Western Penns^'lvania. In 182S he was elected 
member of congress, but resigned the place because lie was unable, 
financially, to sacrifice the judgeship for congressional honors. In 1831 
he was elected to the United States senate for six years. He resigned 
his judicial office to accept. In ISSi he was appointed minister to 
Russia. This position and the rise in real estate enabled him to pay 
his pressing debts and to save some money. 

He was again elected to congress in 184:2, and in 1S4J-, a vacancy 
occurring in Tyler's cal^inet, he was appointed secretary of war. In 
1855 he was elected to the state senate for one term. During the war 
of the rebellion he was intensely loyal thougii a Democrat. He died 
June 2?), lSr>5, in his 86th year. 

Judge Charles Shaler, successor of Judge Wilkins, was born in 
Connecticut in 1788, and was educated at Yale. His fathei" was one of 
the commissionei's to lay off the Western Keservc in (_)hio, and liought 
a large tract of land near Ravenna, now called ShaJersville. (Toing to 
Ivavenna to superintend these lands, he was admitted to the bar there 
in 18(>'.t, and afterward was admitted at Tittsburgh in 1813. He was 
recorder of the JMayor's court fi-om isls to 1821. He was com- 
missioned common pleas judge June 5, 1S24-. He occu])ied the place 
until May 4, 183.5. when he resigned. May <>, 1841, he was ciiosen 
assistant judge of the district court, and held the position three years. 
In 1853 President Pierce a])pointed him United States ilistrict attorney 
for the western district of Pennsylvania. 

In early life he was a Federalist, but for the last fifty years a strong- 
Democrat. He had fine legal abilities; was a close stutlent, an early 
riser, had a fiery tem])er, but was the soul of honor. Though he had 
a lucrative jiractice, he did not become wealthy. His generosity was 
active. He died at Newark, N. J., ]\Iarch 5. 1S09, in his eighty-fii-st 

Hon. .Iiihn liredin, for twenty years president judge of the Seven- 
teenth judicial district, died May 21, 1857. His home was at Butler, 
Pennsylvania, and it has been said of him that he was "an able and 
upright judge, who lai)ored earnestly to discharge the duties of his high 
station." All the counties in his district had recommended him ta 
the Democratic state convention for nomination for the HU])reme bench. 

A meeting of the bench and bar at Peaver occurred May 24, 1851, 




to take appropriate action on liis death. The chairman chosen was 
Hon. James f'arothers, and Tiiomas Cimningliam fulfilled the duties of 
-secretary. A committee of five, consisting of William J>. Clarke, Dan- 
iel Agnew, John Allison, 1!. J!. Ohamberlin and K. B. Eoberts reported 
a series of resolutions, of which the following are given: 

Resolved, That in this attlictive dispensation of Divine Providence, tlie bench, 
tlie bar and the people of this district have to deplore the loss of a distinguished 
judge of great judicial experience, of talents of a high order of extensive legal learning, 
and unbending integrit}-. 

Resoleed, That .Judge Bredin, whose loss we sodeeply deplore, possessed in an emi- 
nent degree the entire confidence of all classes and parties of the people, not only in 
this district, but through the state; all respected him for those sterling qualities which 
he possessed, whicli did honor to the state and gave dignity to the bench. 

Resolved, That Judge Bredin, as a man, was truly patriotic in all his views and 
feelings; a fast, lirm friend of the institutions of our country; and in the high judicial 
position which he so long and so honorably held gave evidence not only of legal learn- 
ing and abilities of high order, but of strict, stern and determined purpose in the dis- 
charge of all his official duties. Whilst doing e([ual justice to all, he was kind, com'teous 
and gentlemanly in all his various relations with the bench, the bar and the people of 
the district, 

Hon, Daniel Aguew is ;i Ponn.sylvanian otilv l)V ;idoption and life- 
long residence. He \v;is Ikh'ii in Ti-ent<>n, X. .1,, January 5, 1809. 

Daniel Agnew was educated at tlie Western University, in Pitts- 
burgh, and studietl hiw under Henry Baldwin ;ind W. W. i''etterm;ui, 
two di.stinguished attorneys of that city. In the .s])ring of 1829 he 
was admitted to tlie bar, and at once opened an office in tiie city. His 
success not satisfying his expectations, he repaired to Beaver in the 
.summer of the same year, and soon Imilt tiji a lucrative practice from 
which it was impossible as a young tittorney to break away. Mr. 
Agnew gave special attention, in his practice, to the matter of land 
titles, and soon acquired both reput;ition and ])atronage in that line. 
His recent publication, "Settlements and Land Titles of Northwest 
Pennsylvania," is the legitimate outgrowtli of that study and priictice. 

He was an active and efficient member of the constitutional con- 
vention in 1837, and drew up the amendment offered by his coadjutor, 
■John Dickey, known as the Dickey amendment, regulating the appoint- 
ment and tenure of the judiciary. In June, 1851, he was a])pointed 
president judge of the Seventeenth district, embracing Beaver, JJut- 
ler, Lawrence and Mercer counties. In the following October the 
peojJe ratified the choice by electing him for a term of ten years. h\ 
18<I1 he was reelected without o})position. 

During the war of the rebellion, .ludge Agnew rendered efficient 

The subscribers, practicing attorneys in the Fifth Circuit, desire that they 
may be admitted attorneys of the Court of Beaver County. 

^^a^ c::^ ^^^i^c, 


-f- ^. 








FAC SIMILE OF AUTOGRAPHS of attorneys as signed to tlqe 
application and admitted in the Court of Commor\ Pleas of Beaver County 
at tine February Term, 1 804. 



service to the Government. He was chairman of tlie committee of 
public safety. He wrote a car-eful and elaborate address on the 
•• National Constitution in Its Adaptation to a State of War," Avhicli 
became a standard for Secretary Stanton and other prominent public 
men. Its publication led to his unsought nominaticm and election by 
the liepublicans. as judge of the supi-eine court of the state, in 1863, 
to be the successor of Chief Justice Lowrie. 

In his new position on the supreme bench, he had ample oppor- 
tunity not only to test, ])ractically, the sentiments he had held and 
inculcated as a private individual, but, what was n^ore important, to 
throw his judicial influence in favor of the state, whose war governor, 
A. G. Curtin, had been under some restraint by the divided opinions, 
auil. in some cases, anti-union sentiments, of the chief bench. In 1873 
he became chief justice of the state, and held the position until January, 
1879. In permitting him to retire from the bench in that yeai-, the 
state lost from its supreme court one of the strongest members and 
best judicial minds that body ever possessed. 

rolitically. Judge Agnew began with the National Ilepublican 
party, being a supporter of the Henry Clay theory of tariff protec- 
tion versus free trade. In 1832-'33 he joined the Whig i^arty just 
formed, and remained with it till its dissolution, in 1854. He violently 
opposed the Know-Nothing movement, in 1854, and two years later 
assisted in the organization of the Republican party, with which he has 
since been identified. The degree of Doctor of Laws has been con- 
ferred upon him. first by Wasliington College and next by Dickinson. 
Though rapidly approaching his eighth decade, he still retains a quick 
and elastic step, and the clear and active use of his faculties. While 
the law has been his special field of labor, his tongue and pen have beea 
ready and eloquent upon literary, political and historical subjects. 

Hon. L. L. McGuffin, the successor of Judge Agnew, in 1863 was'. 
a resident of New Castle. He was originally a cabinet maker, but 
finally studied law in Mercer, Pa. AVhen his term expired, he failed 
of reelection in 1871. He returned to his practice of the law. ■ Mr. 
Mc(4uffin was active in the division of Beaver and Mercer counties, and 
the formation of Lawrence, wiiich made his home the county seat of 
the new county. He died at New Castle some ten yeai-s ago, a worthy- 

Hon. Brown B. Chamberlin was l)orn in Frelighsburg, Missisquoi 
county, Canada East (now (^)ueb(r). May '22, 1810. His jjarents, Di-. 
John B. Chamberlin and Mercy Chamberlin, were natives of liichniond, 
■ 10 


Berkshire county, Mass. At, the breaking out of the war of 1812, his 
parents left the British dominions, and went to Auburn, N. Y., whei-e 
they remained for some time. IJrown's first attendance at school was 
at Graham and Lewiston, N. Y. He also attentled common school and 
academy at Buffalo and Lewiston. lie began the study of law with 
lion. Bates t'roheaml II. 8. Stone, and tinished in the office of Fillmore 
&; Hall, Buffalo, lS38-'34. The senior mem her of the lattei- firm was 
Millard Fillmore, snbsecjuently President of tlie United States. Mr. 
Chamljerlin was admitted to the United States su])reme court at 
Albany, in ls3.j. In 1S36 he came to Beaver county, and was admitted 
to ]iractice June 5, 1S37. This lie continued until ISs". when he 

From 1S.'->S to ISld he was editor of several papers at Fallston and 
Xew Brighton. In 1853- olr-"55, he represented Beaver county in the 
legislature, being chairman, during the last year, of the judiciary com- 
mittee. In 18G6 he was ajipointed judge of the Twenty-seventh 
judicial district (Washington and Beaver counties), but failed of election 
in the autumn of 1800. Politically he has been Anti-Mason, Whig and 
Reiniblican. At present he lives retired at New Bi'igiiton, taking no part 
in politics. He was reared a Presbyterian, but is now an Episcopalian. 
He was never married. 

Hon. A. W. Acheson was the successor of Judge ("hamlterlin in 
1866. He was a])pointetl from AVashington county, where his family 
have always occupied a jn-ominent jiositioii and influence. Wiien 
W^ashington and Beaver counties were judicially divorceil in 1874. he 
remained judge in Washington county, and Henry Hice was chosen in 

Hon. Henry II ice was admitted to tlie bar in 1859. He is a native 
of the •• South Side," and one of the enterpi'ising business men of 
Beaver county. He married a daughter of Judge Agnew. His term 
as president judge began in 1874-, the first under the operation of the 
judiciary act of A])ril 9 of that year, by which Beaver county was made 
a judicial district by itself. For a number of years he has been the 
legal adviser of the Harmony Society, as well as the leader in many of 
the pujjiic movements of the day. [For further details see sketcii in 
the biographical department]. 

Hon. John .1. Wickham, president judge since the ex})iration of 
Judge Hice's term, in issl, was born in Ireland. May 11, 1S44-. He 
came to America with his parents in 1S5(I, and located with them in 
Beaver county. His education was acquired in the jiublic schools and 



Beaver acadeiw. In lS(iT he l)egim the study of law with S. P. Wil- 
son, Esq., the Gamaliel of ]>eaver county, and was admitted to the bar 
March 15, 1869. lie first oi)ened an office in Des Moines, Iowa. After 
five months he returned to Beaver county, where he built uj) a large 
and successful practice, wliich he licld until his election to the ]iositi()n 
of president judge. 

Tlie associate judges of the early times were not ])i'actieal attor- 
neys. They were men of strong minds and positive convictions, and 
as a rule characterized by the ])ossession of more tlum a modicum of 
good sense. On the Ijencli they represented the plebeians — the honest 
yeomanry of the land. 

As will be seen by reference to the otKcial roster of the county in 
the chapter on organization and administration, the following gentle- 
men served as associate judges: Abner Lacock, John H. Reddick, 
Jose])h Caldwell, Thomas Henry, Josei)h Hemphill, John Nesbitt, 
Benjamin Adams, David Drennan, John t!arothers, Joseph Irvin, Will- 
iam Cairns, John Scott, Milton Lawrence, Agnew DutT, Josejdi C. 
Wilson and Robert Potter. Of this number, Lacock, Reddick and 
Caldwell were mendjers of the first court, held in February, 1804. 
Lacock [concerning whom a full sketch will be found elsewhere] hav- 
ing resigned, David Drennan, of Ohio township, was chosen in his 
stead, Fel.)ruary, 180.5. Judge Caldwell having died, his place was not 
supplied, the law, meantime, liiidting the number of associates to two. 
This condition requii'ed Reddick and Drennan to act together until the 
early ]iart of 1830, when the former died, and Thomas Henry [see 
sketch] was comndssioned May 19 of same year to fill Ins place. 
Judge Drennan died in 18?.l. and the vacancy was filled by the com- 
ndssioningof Joseph Hemphill by the governor, August 19. 

Judge Reddick was eccentric, and skejiticai in his religious con- 
victions. It is said that he stipulated in his will that he should be 
buried directly on the state line separating Pennsylvania from Yir- 
ffinia. In conformitv therewith, his boilv was interred on the site he 
selected, his head resting on West N'irginia soil, his face toward the 
rising sun, and his feet extending into Pennsylvania. A heavy vault 
of cut stone encloses his grave to ])rotect it from the "ghoulish glee" 
of medical colleges. This strange bui-ial-jilace is in a dense wood on 
the "South Side," on what was foi'uierly the Bartholomew place. 

David Drennan was a large land owner in Ohi(^ townshi[). For 
some years he was the assessor. He hekl various ]iublic positions. Pie 
died at his residence, in Ohiotownshiii, August !■_', 1831, at u]iwards of 


sevent}' years of age. Of his successor, Joseph Hemphill, one of the 
early settlers of Beaver, the Argus of September 2d said: " We 
are well pleased with the appointment of Mr. Hemphill, who is a thor- 
ough and decided anti-Jacksonian, and who, we believe, will make a 
erood officer." He was an extensive land owner, and held many official 
positions, which he filled with credit. He died May 20, 1834, aged 
sixty-two years and five months. 

John Nesbit was a resident of North Beaver township, where his 
father, Francis Nesbit, a native of Cumberland county, located in 
April, 1802, on Hickory Creek, south of Mt. Jackson. John was the 
eldest of five sons and two daughters. The family were useful and 
influential in the community. 

Benjamin Adams was a prominent man in Beaver county history. 
In 1829 he was chosen commissioner, and in 1S32 treasurer of the 
county. He was impartial in his work, and proverbial for his veracity 
and honesty in business. He died in Beaver, June 4, 1867, aged 
eighty-one years. 

John Carothers was born March 11, 1793, and died December 
18, 1860. . . . Joseph Irvin was trustee of the academy in 1850. 

William Cairns was probably the son of William Cairns, the 
first settler of Shenango township. The original William located there 
in 1796, having come thither from Westmoreland county, and, remotely, 
from Ireland. His daughter Kachel was the first white child born in 
the township. For two years after their settlement Mrs. Cairns was 
the only white woman within the boundary of the township. Mr. 
Cairns became popular, and was chosen constable and justice of the 
peace, holding the latter office more than forty years. He was sheriff 
of Beavej- county in 1815-18. He was a progressive farmer, and intro- 
duced agricultural implements as they appeared. He died in 1854, at 
the age of ninety. 

Dr. Milton Lawrence was one of the prominent ])hysicians and 
politicians of the county. He Avas a resident of Iloopestown and the 
father of Dr. Joseph Lawrence, who died in the summer of 1887. Dr. 
Milton Lawrence was prothonotary of the county for a number of 
terms, and discharged the duties of that office, and every otliei- lie was 
called upon to fill, with credit to liimself and profit to his constituents. 

Robert Potter, a worthy citizen of Raccoon township, whose biog- 
raphy occurs elsewhere; Agnew Dulf, a popular man, as shown by his 
reelection to the office, and Joseph C. Wilson, the last associate judge 
on the bench, all aided creditably in discharging the onerous duties of 
the position. 


in the records of the court at Beaver is tlie original, of which the 
following paper is a copy: 

The subscribers, practicing attorneys in tbe Fifth Circuit, desire that tliey may be 
admitted attorneys of tlie court of Beaver county: Alex. Addison, Thos. Collins, Steel 
Semple, A. W. Foster, .John B. Gibson, Sam. Y. King, Obadiah Jennings, Wm, Wilkins, 
H. Haslet, James Allison, Jr. John Simonsou, David Keddick, Parker C^ampbell, David 
Hayes, C. S. Semple, Thos. G. Johnston, Henry Baldwin, Isaac Kerr, James Mountain, 
R. Moore, Wm. Ay res. 

This insti'ument was dated February C, ISO-i. At the same time, 
William C. Larwiil presented certificates of being a practicing attorney 
in the states of Maryland and Ohio, which were adjudged satisfactory 
evidence of his legal standing; and he too was adtnitted. 

Alexaniler Addison was born in Scotland, in 1759, educated at 
Edinburgii, and authorized to. preach. In early life he came to Penn- 
sylvania, and for a time jireached at "Washington; l)ut having read law, 
he was admitted to the bar in 1787. He was a man of great learning, 
and thorougldy imbued witii a love for the highest good of society. 
This j)hilanthropic aspect of his character is exhibited in his letters, 
essays, lectures, public addresses and charges to juries. Patriotic and 
conscientious, he was not tlie man to cater to sham sentimentality. 
He was a Federalist in politics; a warm supporter of the adminis- 
trations of Washington and Adams. His bold and fearless course in 
su])pnrting the government during the whisky troubles secured for 
him many bitter personal enemies, among whom were H. H. Bracken- 

As .soon as Jefferson's administration was inaugurated, John B. C. 
Lucas was appointed associate judge of Allegheny county, July 17, 
1800. He was a Frenchman, and bitterly hostile to his chief, Judge 
Addison. He did everything in his power to annoy and harass him. 
He sometimes charged juries contrary to the instructions of his chief. 
When Judge Addison reminded the jury that they need not heed the 
instructions of his associate, the latter took occasion to attempt his 
impeachment. The plan failed in the courts, as a legal farce, but was 
taken to the legislature, where the house ordered the impeachment, 
and the senate convicted him. The charges were two: 1. When Lucas 
charged the petit jury, Judge Addison told them the}^ need not regard 
what was said, as it had no relevancy to the case; 2. I're venting Lucas 
from giving the cliarge as indicated. 

Partisan feeling prevailed, and the sentite passed sentence Janu- 
ary 27, 1803, removing him as president judge from the Fifth Jiulicial 
District, and declaring him forever disqualified for holding a judicial 


oiRce in the state. This unjust sentence, which slioiiid have been 
revoked long ago, still stands upon the records as a blot upon the 
character of one of the best jurists in Western Pennsylvania, awaiting 
the courage of some Keystone Thomas 11. Benton to move an 
expunction act. Public sentiment has long since done so. 

From this blow Judge Addison never recovered. He died in 
Pittsburgh, November 27, 1807. 

Died in Beaver, June 17, 1814, in the eighty-tliird year of his age, James Allison, 
LL.D. James Allison, Esq., long filled a wide space in this community. He was born 
in Cecil county, Maryland, on the 4th of October, 1773. Col. James Allison, his father, 
was one of the early settlers of tlie West. He removed from Maryland, in 1773. With his 
family and company he wintered at the "Forks of Yough," as the confluence of the 
Youghiogheny and Monongahela was then called. He made his first settlement in 1774, 
in the territory which in 1781 became Washington county, and was familiar with all the 
privations, hardships, adventures and perils of a frontier cr border life. Col. Alli- 
son was a man of great moral worth, comliiniug true personal courage, so necessary in 
those trying times, with the ennobling Christian virtues. Of Scotch descent, and a Pres- 
byterian, he was one of the late Dr. McMillin's first ruling elders. Immediately after 
the revolutionary war, and for several years, he represented Washington county in the 
state legislature, taking an active part in procuring the abolishment of slavery, and voting 
for the final act of 1788. A certificate of membership, under its seal, in tlie incorporated 
society for the abolilion of slavery in this state, dated at Philadelphia, in 1793, is still 
preserved in the family. During a long life he was honored and venerated by his fellow 
citizens. At his death, which took place at the ripe age of seventy seven, he was an 
associate judge of the courts, a jiost which he had held for many }'ears. 

James Allison, Jr., was the eldest of seven sons. When at the age of seventeen 
his father conceived the thought of educating him for the bar, and he became one of the 
number who formed the first Latin grammar class west of the Alleghenies, taught by 
the late David Johnson, Esq., of Beaver, whose school was opened in 1788-'89. He con- 
tinued with Mr. John.son until he had acquired a good education in the common branches, 
and a competent knowledge of the Jjatin and Greek languages. Indian depredations in 
1793-'93 becoming so frequent and bold that all able to bear arms were called into service 
to protect the settlements, he left his studies to serve a term at the block-house opposite 
Yellow creek. After that he entered upon the study of the law in the office of his 
uncle, David Bradford, Esq., a distinguished lawj'er and orator of Washington, and, 
after practicing in Washington a few years, removed to Beaver in 1808. Here he 
commenced the practice of his profession. He practiced also in the counties of Craw- 
ford, Mercer and Butler, until 1833, when he was elected to congress, and was reelected 
in 1824. A distaste for political life, a great love of home and a desire to be with his fam- 
ily, induced him to resign his seat in congress before he entered on the duties of the 
second term. In politics, he was of the Wasbingtonian school; later in life giving his 
support to those measures with which the national Republican and Whig parties were 
identified, and which he earnestly contended were the offspring of the pure principles 
of the fathers of 1776. Since his return from congress, in 1830, he lias seldom been 
absent from his own family circle, unless it was when on a visit to his " old homestead " 
in W^ashington county. A few years ago the Jefferson College at Cannonsburg con- 
ferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Laws, an honor well deserved, Init which his 
native modesty and retiring disposition withheld so much from public notice tliat it 
might almost be said to be concealed. 


Mr. Allison had the advantage of au early and strict religious education, which 
throughout his long and useful career, exerted its influence upon his principles and his 
conduct; but he did not make a profession of faith until late in life. The death of his 
son William in 1S4-1 — his partner in bu.siuess, and who well filled his place, relieving him 
of much of his labor — was a severe stroke upon him ; but the loss of his wife, in 184S. who 
for more than half a century had journeyed the rugged pathway with him, sharing its 
pleasures and its toils, prostrated him. After that time he withdrew very much from 
societj' , retiring into the privacy of his own family, and has been as one who had lost all 
his associates, and was waiting only to (ill out his appointed time. Though belonging 
to a family of remarkable longevity, his father being seventy-seven when he died, and 
his grandmother over one hundred, yet he did not wish to survive the loss of his facul- 
ties and the bodily strength to serve himself. 

As a lawyer he was sound and well versed in every branch, including the now 
but little studied science of special pleading, whose rules he knew well how to handle 
with skill and danger to his adversary. This was the result of severe study before and 
after his admission to the bar. Possessing a profound knowledge of his profession, a 
clear mind and discriminating judgment, he took high rank with these men of the past 
generation whose names have descended to us as prodigies at the bar. Some of us can 
well remember that, even in the evening of his days, he wi.s an opponent greatly to be 
feared by all, and an over-match for many. But these qualities of intellect were more 
than equaled by those of the heart. Emphatically a genlleman of the olden school, he 
bore himself with great courtesy to his fellow members, and with marked respect to the 
court. Kind and encouraging to the younger members of the profession, his assistance 
to their early efforts is remembered with gratitude. But all these personal qualities, as 
well as those of his intellect, were far surpassed by that higher and nobler trait— his 
stern, unbending integrity — which shone brightly throughout his life and won for him 
the title which he bore when the writer tirsi heard him named and before he knew him, 
of the " honest lawyer." A strong proof of the reality of this character is found in the 
fact that, though for years enjoying a large practice, he accumulated no extraordinary 
wealth. Whilst he had enough to raise a nunierovis family in comfort, affording them 
the solid advantages of education, and some slight assistance in their early beginnings, 
he possessed merely what made declining ye.ars comfortable, and yet offered to those 
he has left behind no temptation to a career of idleness or prodigality. His life offers an 
example all worthy of imitation, proving how clearly happiness, honor and solid com- 
fort follow a course of virtue, usefulness and good conduct.* 

Thomas Collins was a Pittsburgh attorncv, \vi](j suijsuqiiently 
removed to Butler county, where he died. He was connected with 
Beaver county courts tni many occasions, whei'e he was recognized as 
a good scholar and a man of marlied ability. Two of his daughters 
became the wives of Judges McClure and McCandless, respectivel}'. 

Steel Senij^le was a noted attorney of Pittsburgh. He was gen- 
erally considered a man of stupendous genius, and although addicted 
to the use of intoxicating drinks, wliich impaired to some extent his 
abilities, was recognized liy his contemjwraries as a prodigy of elo- 
quence and learning. 

* Extract from a tribute by Daniel Agnew in the Argvs of June 21, 1854. 


Alexander AV. Foster was a prominent and able lawyer,* formerly 
located at Greensburg. His nephew. lion. Henry D. Foster, was at 
one time member of congress fi'oin that district. He removed to Pitts- 
burgh, where he became famous for his success in matters pertaining to 
real estate, and where he ultimately died. 

Obadiah Jennings came from Wasliington to practice in Ueaver 
county. He was a man of average ability. . . . John Simonson 
also came from Washington. He was respected for his ability and 
character. . . . David Reddiclc was an early attorney of admitted 
power, but his practice was materially affected b\' his atlieistic belief, 
to which he never hesitated to give utterance. 

Parker Campbell was a resident of "Wasliington county. He was 
one of the finest attorneys in the west, being particularly eloquent and 
forcible in his address to the jury. He continued to practice in Beaver 
until his deatli in 1823. . . . David Hays, an attorney of moder- 
ate attainments, resided in Beaver until his death, which occurred on 
his farm in Xorth Beaver township, October 29, 1821, in tiie fifty-fourth 
year of his age. He was a plain man of limited education, but of good 
standing in the community. He was a brother-in-law of Judge J(Keph 
Hemphill, the latter having married his sister. 

Henry Baldwin came originally fi'om New. England. His early 
professional studies were prosecuted in the office of Alex. J. Dallas in 
Philadelphia. At an early date he came to Pittsburgh and practiced 
there a number of years. He possessed fine natural abilities, was 
thoroughly educated, and was a lawyer of the first rank. About 
1818-20 he was elected to congress from the Allegheny district, where 
he became prominent as an advocate of domestic manufactures and 
high tariff, engaging in many of the discussions on the floor of the 
house. He was engaged in the iron business, in which he failed, owing 
to the depression produced by the war of 1812. He took a prominent 
part in the presidential election of 1S2S, being an ardent Jackson sup- 
porter. Upon the hitter's election Mr. Baldwin applied for the secre- 
taryship of the treasur}', l)ut was appointed instead one of the 
judges of the United States supreme court. While on the bench he 
published a volume of reports, containing his own decisions in the cir- 
cuit of Pennsylvania and New Jersey. As a jurist Judge Baldwin 
was admitted to have few superiors. His career in politics was equally 

* In 1804 he and Roger Alden were the principals in the only duel ever fought in 
Crawford county. The meeting took place on the liank of French creek, about a mile 
and a half below Jleadville, and Maj. Alden was wounded in the encounter. 

kA/^7^^^^ A/^< 



brilliant to that on the bench. In business he was less foi'tunate, meet- 
ing with numerous reverses. I'ersoiiall y he was a remarkable example of 
well-developed manhood, standing six feet, and he impressed himself 
upon his audience. The last years of his life were passed in Mead- 
ville, Pa. lie died in 181-t, while attending court in Philadelphia. 

James Mountain was an eminent attoriiey of Pittsburgh, who 
practiced to souie extent in Beaver courts. He was moderately well 
educated, and was a very pleasing speaker. He died early, leaving a 
son, Algernon S., who subsequently became a noted attorney in the 
same city. 

William Ayrcs was a resident of liutlei' county. As a lawyer he 
was alile and witty. He took an active part in the suits of Butler county 
for ejectment. He was elected a member of the constitutional refo'rm 
convention of 1S37, and sat in its deliberations Imtli in Hai-rislmi'g and 
Pittsburgh. Personally he was a large, tine-looking man, a bachelor ; 
temperate antl modest. He lived to an old age. 

"Gen. Robert Moore, attorney and counselor at law, ilied Friday 
morning, January 11-, Is:-)!, aged fifty- four years," is the notice a]ipear- 
ing in the Argiii< of January 21, ISMl. (Tcnei'al Moore became a resi- 
dent of Beaver in 1803. He was an exem])lary citizen, filling several 
important trusts with honor to himself and credit to the public. "As 
a public servant he was vigilant, able and successful; as an attorney he 
was learned, faithful and honest; as a citizen, he was upright, sociable 
and esteemed; as a neighbor he was obliging, attentive and much 
beloved ; as a husband and parent he was kind, affectionate and indul- 
gent; and last, though not least, the latter years of his life were those 
of the Christian, and his death was the death of the righteous." 

He was a member of the Methodist Episcoi)al church. At a meet- 
ing of the bar, of which James Allison was chairman, and William 
Clarke, secretary, api)ro])riate resoluti<ins of respect ami I'ondolence 
were passed and recorded. 

John Bannister Gibson, LL.D., late chief justice of I'ennsylvania, 
was born in Shearman's Valley, Pa., Nov. 8, 1780, the son of 
Lieut. Col. George Gibson, a revolutionary officer who fell in St. 
Clair's unfortunate ex|)edition against the Indians, in 1791. He 
graduated from Dickinson college, and having studied law under 
Thcmias Duncan, was admitted to the Cumberland county bar in 1803. 
He first opened an office in Carlisle, l)Ut removed to Beaver, and was 
admitted to practice in the courts of the new county at the February 
session, 1801. He subsecpu'iitly removed to Ilagerstown, but returned 


soon after to Carlisle. In isjii he was elected a member of the state 
assembly, and reelected for several sessions. In July, 1813, he was ap- 
pointed president judge of the eleventh judicial district, and three 
years later an associate judge of the supreme court. In 1827 he was 
appointed l)y the governor successor of Chief Justice Tilghman, 
deceased. At the adoption of the new constitution, in 1838. he was. 
reappointed to the position, and continued to occupy it until it became 
elective in 1851. The same year, however, he was elected an associate 
justice of the supreme court, which in)sition he hekl till he was attaclvcd 
by his final illness. lie died in l'hihnlcli)hia May 3, 1853. The fol- 
lowing beautiful triliute was paid to him by Judge Jeremiah S. Black: 

lu tlie various knowledge 
Which forms tlie perfect SCHOLAR 
He hiui no superior. 
Independent, upright and able, 
He had all the highest qualities of a great JUDGE. 
In the difficult science of Juri.eprudence, 
He mastered every Department, 
Discussed almost every question, and 
Touched no subject which he did not adorn. 
He won in earlj' manhood. 
And retained to the close of a long life, 
The .\FFECTioN of his brethren on the Bench, 
The KESPBCT of tlie bar. 
And the confidence of the people. 

John Iv. Shannon was born in "Washington county, Pa.,. 
October 11, 1781. His early education was received in the common 
scIkjoIs. and after (piitting them he engaged in the study of law. In 
the ]n-actice of the latter he was not eminent, altliough fairly success- 
ful, lie was I'espected chiefly for tlie ]nd)lic spirit he manifested. 
Politically he was a strong Democrat, ami took an active part in the 
councils of that t)arty. lie was instrumental in securing the iippropria- 
tion for tlie Erie division of the Pennsylvania canal. He removed from 
Beaver to Erie shortly before the war, where he died February 1, 1860. 
He never married. 

Sylvester Dunham was a native of New England. Upon his com- 
mencing the practice of law in Beaver he manifested great ainlity as 
a public speaker, and was greatly in demand for political addresses. 
Later in life he became intemperate, and died in Kochester May 21, 
1867, aged seventy-four. Personally he was well formed, had a 
splendid voice, and was very eccentric. One" peculiarity of his was 
that he never read books, confining all his reading to newspapers. In 
politics he was a Whig. 


W. B. Clarke* was born in Beaver al)out tlie year 1S04. While 
younojhe attended Beaver academy, under I )a vid Johnson, l)nt afterward 
o-raduated from Jefferson colleue, at C'annonsburo-. He was admitted 
to the ijar in 1S27, having read law with Robert Moore. In 1830 he was 
appointed deputy attorney -general for Beaver county. In jiolitics he 
Avas at first a "Wliio-, Init in later yearschanged to a Democrat. Dnring 
the wai", however, he su|)ported the union cause. His jiractice iiaving 
declined, he I'cmoved shortly after its termination to Pittsburgh, where 
he lives with liis daughtei", Mrs. Arthurs. He is a man of tine address, 
but nevei' ari-ived at distinction in his jii'ofession. 

Simon Mereilith was originally from the eastern part of the state. 
He had little education, but became somewhat successful as a lawyer. 

Isaac .Leet came froui AVashington county, and I'emained until 
about 1840 in Beaver. He was a nephew of Robert Moore, and was an 
attorney of excellent attainments. He served at one time as member 
of congress from Washington county. 

Henry M. Watts, a Pittsburgh attorney, practiced for a time at 
Beaver, where in 1829 he succeeded W. N. Fetterman as deputy attor- 
ney general. He was a lawyer of extensive attainments, and was. 
employed l)y the seceders from the Harmony Society, being instru- 
mental in effecting the compromise laetween it and the seceding members 
in 1S32. For many years he resided in Pliiladel])hia, and at one time 
represented this country as minister in a foreign coni't. 

X. P. Fetterman was boi'u in the northwestern ])art of Pennsyl- 
vania, February 4, 1804. Iiaving actpdretl his preliminary education 
he studietl law in the ottice of his elder brotiier, Washingtcjn W. Fet- 
terman, and was admitted to the bar August 14, lS2a. Subsequently 
he removed to Bedfoi'il, Pa., where after a short residence he 
was elected to the legislature for a period of three successive years. 
In 1880 he returned to J>eavei', at winch ])hice he residetl until 1849, 
when he i-emoved to Pittsl)urgh. June 2C>. 183o, he formed a law part- 
nership with S.Meredith. He was a- leading mend)er at the bar in the 
counties of Beaver, Butler, Mercer and Lawrence, his strong comj)eti- 
tors l)eing Judge Agnew and John ,\. Pearson, subsecpiently judge at 
Harrisburg. In 1849 he established a law partnershij) in Pittsburgh 
with his nephew. G. L. B. Fetterman, which became a strong and lead- 
ing firm. 

Prior to the war Mr. Fetterman was a strong memi)er of thedem- 

*Heisthegrandfatherof Nina Van Zandt who is reputed to have married, by pio.xy, 

August Spies, executed as an anarcliisi in Chicago^ IS'ovenilier 11, 18S7. 


ocratic ])arty, ami took a {)roiniiient part in its campaigns. He l)ecanie, 
however, a strong sui)porter of the union cause during the rebellii m. and 
gave two sons as members of the One Hundred and First Pennsylvania 
vohmteers. He was married December 2S, 1S2S, to Miss Anna M. 
Dillon, of Bedford, from wiiicli union spi-ang eight children. He was 
a fine orator, an indefatigal)le worker, and a skillful attoi'ney. He died 
in 1877. 

Colonel Richai'd P. Roberts was born near Frankfort Springs, 
Pa., in June, 1820. He was educated at an academy in Frank- 
fort taught by Rev. James Sloan and Thomas Nicholson. He 
read law under N. P. Fetterman at Beaver; was married May 1, 1851, 
to Miss Caroline Henry, daughter of Hon. Thomas Henry. Fie 
had three children, of whom the only surviving one is a daughter, 
Emma R., now the wife of Mr. Isaac Harter, of Canton, Ohio. He 
was an attorney of great ability, and a citizen of sterling worth. He 
espoused the cause of the union with great fervor during the war of 
the rebellion. He was the gallant colonel of the One Hundred and 
Fortieth regiment Pennsylvania volunteers, which he was leading when 
he was killed on the 2d of July. 18fi;>, in the terrific battle of Gettys- 

At a meeting of the bench and bar of Beaver county, held Julv 
10, 1863, presided over by Judge Daniel Agnew, with I). L. Imbrie 
and J. S. Rutan as secretaries, a committee on resolutions, consisting 
of "William n. Clai'ke, Thomas Cunningham and B. B. Chamberlin, 
made an elaborate i'e}ioi't, from which the following extract isniatle: 

Jicsuli'id, That ia all the relatious of life, whether pviblio or priviite, social or 
official, as a gentleman of sterling integrity and .abilit}'. Colonel Hoherts has secured 
for himself the contidence and esteem of his fellow citizens, and held a high position as 
a brave, eloquent, energetic, generous and kind-hearted man. 

Isaac Jones Avas born in Halifax, Dauphin county, about the year 
181)0. When a boy he went to Ilarrisburg, and served an apj)rentice- 
ship as a hatter. For a time he conducted the same business in Hali- 
fax, but, unable to endure the trade, he followed clerking and teaching 
for a time. In 1830 he removed to Lewisburg, Union county, where 
he spent much time in teaching writing, surveying, (lerinan, etc. He 
took out a notary's commission, studied law undei- James IJnn, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1833. In 1837 he moved his family to 
Beaver, wiiere he engaged in the practice of his ]>rofession until his 
<leath, which occurred in March, 1852. He was the only member of 
the Beaver bar who was master of the German language. He had 
eight cliildren, all of whom except two are yet living. They were 


named respectively, Jacob C, Thomas "W., Louisa B. (deceased), Anna 
Mary, James Linn (deceased), Isaac, E]iliraim ]^. and John I; the 
third tlie wife of I. N. Atkins, Esq. 

William Allison was l)orn January 3, ISIO, in Boaver. Ilavine- 
studied the ordinary Eng'lish In'ani'hes. lie was placed under the guid- 
ance, in Latin, of David Johnson, once the preceptor of some of J'enn- 
sylvania"s prominent sons. "Witii additional ]n'eparation under tlie 
supervision of I'rof. John Scott, A. M., subsequently of the Oxford, 
Ohio, college, he entei'ed Washington college in 1823, at the age of 
tliii-teen, and carried off one of the honors in 1828, the date of his 
graduation. Shortly afterward he commenced the study of hnv in his 
father's office, and was, after a rigoi'ons examiiuition, admitted to prac- 
tice December 4, 1833. He died July 23, 1844, in the thirty-fif th year 
of his age. 

At a meeting of the bar, held shortly after his death, and pre- 
sided over l)y N. P. Fetterman, with W. B. Clarke, Esq., as seci-etary, 
Daniel Aguew offered a sei'ies of resolutions, the first of which reads 
as follows: 

Resoleed, That it is witli the deepest emotions of sorrow we liave received the 
painful intelligence of the death of VVillinm Allison, Esq.. a member of the Bar of this 
place. Cut off in the early prime of his manliood, while pursuing a career of useful- 
ness, beneficial to his fellow men and honorable to himself, bis loss will be most 
severely felt by all, and by none more acutely than by his professional brethren, from 
whose midst lie has been taken. We who knew him best, who were daily accu.stomed 
to observe his unswerving integrity, to watch his scrupulous regard for all that was 
truthful, upriglit, honorable and just, and to applaud his gentlemanly deportment, so 
constantly marked by professional courtesy and kindness to all, deeply feel the atHictive 
dispensation which has deprived the bar of one of its purest members, and society of a 
useful citizen. 

Hon. Thomas Cunningham died in Beaver, September 29, 1865. 
He came from Ohio, studied law under John It. Shamnni, Esq., and 
became one of the prominent attorneys of Beaver county. He was at 
one time its district attorney. He was appointed one of the supreme 
judges of Kansas, entered into discharge of his duties there, but, pre- 
ferring to practice, resigned his position and resumed his l)usiness before 
the bar. He was one of the Democratic electors in 18.5C, a delegate to- 
the Charleston convention in 1860, and oiu' of the electors at large in 
1864. Up to the breaking out of the rebellion lie was the leader of 
the democracy in Beaver county; Init being a Douglas Democrat, 
he joined with the Union ])arty during the war and sustained the 
federal government. In his death the bar lost an ackni>wledo-ed 
leailer, and the state an honest and worthy citizen. 


On Friday, Se})teniber 29, 1865, the bench and bar held a meeting 
to p:iy api)ropriate honors to his memory. Of tills asseml)lage B. B. 
■Chamberlin was chairman, and A. Frazier secretary. A committee, 
consisting of "W. B. Clarke, Henr\- Ilice and Joiin B. Young, ]ii'epared 
a series of resolutions, from which two excerpts are made: 

Resolved, That in the death of our friend, .Judge Cunningham, the legal profession 
has lost a member eminent for his great legal learning and unsurpassed abilil_y. His 
sterling and unbending integrity, his energy and faithfulness in the discharge of every 
•duty, whether public or private, and his manly virtues, rendered him an object of respect 
and admiration, not only at home and amongst hisinimediate friends and acquaintances, 
but throughout the state. 

Resolved, That in his firm and manly support of the principles of human liberty and 
right in his untiring and eloquent efforts to sustain the national authoiities in their 
determination to maintain our free iustiuuions and the integrity of the republic, he took 
a hiiih, manly and independent position which endeared him to the great mass of the 
people, and established for him a brilliant reputation as a patriot and statesman, of 
which he and his friends had just reason to feel proud. 

Hon. Jiilm Allison, tlic son of James Allison, was liorn In l]eaver, 
August 5, 1812. In ins native town he received a common-school edu- 
cation. His early aml)ltion was to become a military hero. Failing 
to get an appointment Xo West Point, he was apjirenticed to the hatting 
Hrm of ^IcKee <t (xraham, of Pittsburgh, with which he remained 
until 1833, when he established a business for hini.self at Beaver. In 
March, 1839, he removed to Marietta, Ohio, where he j)rosecuted the 
same business till 18-13, when, returning to Beaver, at the instance of 
his father and brother he l>egan the study of law. The death of his 
brother William prevented an expected jiartnership In tlie ])ractice of 
ills profession. He continued tiie study, however, tindci' his father, 
und was admitted to tiie bar In 1S40. 

In tlie same year he was elected to the assenilily by the Whigs, 
and was reelected one year later, and again in 1849. In It he took 
hlo-h rank as a forcible debater. In 18.Jt) he was elected to the United 
States congress ; two years later he was defeated for a second term by a 
■small majority, but wms rcC'lccted triumphantly in ls.-i4. He was Ijltterly 
opposeil. In his career as mitlonal legislator, to the extension of slavery. 
He was one of the organizers of the republlciin })arty, and re|)resented 
Pennsylvania on the conimittt'e on pl;itfoi-m, at the convention In 
Piltsbnrgii, Fel)ruary 22, 1856. In the following May he was chosen 
chairman of the state repul)llcan central committee. In 18()U he was 
a delegate to the national convention at Ciiicago. and was instructed 
to vote for W. II. Seward. 

In 1857, he engaged for a tinn^ in the lumbering business at 


Keokuk, Io\Ya, but the financial depression compelled him to return to 
his native state. In 1801 lie entered the Union service as paymaster, 
in which capacity he continueti until the close of the war. After leav- 
ino- the armv, he resided for a time in Mercer countv, cultivating- the 
.soil. He took an active part in the cam])aign of 1808, and on A\m\ 1, 
1809, was appointed by President Grant register of the treasury. 
He was man-icd in 1830, to Miss L. A. Adams, daughter of Dv. 
Milo Adams. 

Samuel Kingston, a Pittsburgh attoi'uey, was admitted A])ril 8, 
1822. He was Imrned to death in the great Pittsburgh fii'e of April 
10, 181.->. . . . Walter- H. Lowrie, also a Pittsburgli lawyer, was 
admitted June .">, 1832. He was the son of Mattliew B. Lowrie, judge 
■of the district coui't of Allegheny county, and was judge of the 
sujireme couit of Pennsylvania, elected in 1857. After his commission 
expired, Mr. Lowrie was elected judge nf the common pleas c<jurt of 
Crawford C(junty: he died in Meadville. 

ilatthew 8. Lowry, a Butlei' countv attorney, was admitted to 
pi'actice Decendjer 2, 1834. He was a son of United States Senator 
Lowry. and dicil eai'ly in lUitler county. ... V. Lancaster, an 
Ohio lawyer, was atlniitted to practice in IJeaYer county courts, Sep- 
tember 0, 1843, and remained but a short time in the county. 

James C. Marshall, an Erie attorney, was admitteil August 28, 
1828. He practiced in Erie more than fifty years, and had occasional 
business in Beaver county. He died but a shoi't time (some three 
years) ago. 

A. S. Mountain, a Pittsliui-gh lawyer, was admitted in Beaver, 
August 28, 1828. He was prominent in Allegheny county legal circles, 
but was intemperate, and died in 1829. His father was N. W. Moun- 
tain, also a Pittsburgh lawyer. . . . Simon Meredith, for some ten 
years a Beaver county attorney, was admitted October 28, 1830. From 
this county he removed to Pittsburgh. ... J. D. Mahon, origi- 
nally of Oai'lisle, ]'a.. was admitted to practice in Beaver county, 
Se])tend)er 4, 1834. He resided for some years in Pittsburgh, where 
he mai'ried a Miss H-ving and where he died. His ])ractiee reached into 
Beaver county occasionally. 

Jose]ih B. Musser was a resident of Beaver a sliort time, where 
he was admittetl to ])ractice July 11, 1843. He departed from the 
county ovei' thirty years ago. . . . Joseph Pentecost was a Wash- 
ington county lawyei', and was admitted to the lieaver county courts, 
May 8, 1804. He died nearly sixty years ago. 



The Purviances — quite a distinguished family by this name was 
famous in the legal circles of Beaver and adjoining counties. John, the 
father, was a Butler county attorney, and was admitted to pi-uctice in 
Beaver county, January 6, 1SU8. Samuel A., the elder son, was a law- 
yer practicing in Butler and Allegheny counties, and was admitted to 
the Beaver county bar Octoljer 2S. 1828. He was elected to tiie con- 
stitutional convention of 18?.T-'38, and held several important offices in 
Butler county. The last fifteen years of his life were passed in Pitts- 
burgh. John N., the younger s(jn, was admittetl to practice in Beaver 
county, Septembei- 2, 1851. He was at one time auditor-general of the 
state, and pi-acticed in Butler county up to his death, which occurred 
but a few years ago. 

E. Pentland, a Pittsburgh lawyer, was admitted to Beaver courts, 
April 11, 1831. He was the son-in-law of Abner Lacock, Esq., of Bea- 
ver. He was city recorder of Pittsbui'gh for a number of years, and 
resided there until his death. 

Horatio N. Roberts came to Beaver in 1831, and was admitted to 
practice September 5 of the same year. He was killed at Clinton, 
Allegheny county, in June, 1840, as he was visiting a Miss Morgan of 
that place. A stray rifle shot struck him, causing instant death. 

George Shaib was atlmitted to the Beaver countv courts Aug-ust 
29,1827; . . . Thomas L. Shiekls was admitted September 5, 1S31. 
He was a Pittsburgh attorney, and the son of David Shields, Esq.. a 
large land owner of Sewicklev, Alleiihenv countv. . . . Chai-les 
C. Sullivan, a Butler county attorney, was admitted in Beaver, June ."i, 
1832. He was state senator IVdin 15utler county about lS4ti-'l:l. and 
died in tlie same county. . . . James H. Stewart, a Bittsbui'gli 
lawyer, was admitted April 8, 1833, to the Beaver courts. His father- 
in-law was E. Pentland; his father was recorder of deeds in Alle- 
gheny county, and his grandfather was Abner Lacock, of Beaver. 

George Watson, a Pittsburgh attorney, familiarly known as 
"Lawyer Cake,'' — a title given because his mother sold cakes — was 
admitted in Beaver, July 25, 182:'.. lie has been dead more than foily 
years. . . . John II. Waugh, a Pittsburgh and AVashington (Penn- 
sylvania) attorney, was admitted in Beaver, October 27, 1828. 

John B. Wallace, a member of the Philadelphia and Crawford 
county bars, was admitted to Beaver county courts, Januar\' 13, 1839. 

John Williamson, a Pittsburgh lawyer, was admitted to ])ractice 
before Beaver courts, June 5, 1843 . . . Joseph H. Wilson, a 
native of Beaver countv, was admitted .June 5, 1850. His father was 

C^/^^iUui^ iJ't. ^Z^^^ 


Tliomas Wilson, Esq. Joseph was at one time a member of the state 
senate from BeaA'er county. At the hrealvin^' out of tlie rebellion he 
offered his services, and was commissioned as colonel. He took sick 
on the Peninsula untler McClellan, and died of typhoid fever. 

Hugh AV. Weir was admitted in Beaver, March S, 1852. lie is 
now practicing- in I'ittsburgh. . . . AToses B. Welsh, a native of 
Beaver county, was admitted ^[arcli l-t, 1S.>3. From Beaver, Mr. 
Welsh removed to New Castle, Lawrence county. ... J. W. F. 
White, originally a citizen of Washington, Pa., where for a number of 
years he edited the Wasliington Hejiorter, came to Pittsburgh, and was 
admitted to practice in Beaver county% March 19, 18;")!). He was 
elected judge of Court No. 2, in Pittsburgh — a position to which he 
lias since been I'ei'lected. 

George AV. Smith, a Butler ct)unty attorney, was admitted in Bea- 
ver. June 3, 1838. He subsequently removed to Kansas during the 
border troubles, and became prominent in that state. . . . S. W. 
Sample was admitted to practice at the bar of Beaver county, March 
7, 18?)8. . . . Gustavus A. Scroggs was at one time a member of 
the bar of Beaver county, where he was admitted to practice June 4, 
1845. His father, John A. Scroggs, was pi'othonotary of the county 
about 183()-'39. Gustavus removed to Buffalo, N. Y., shortly after his 
admission, and died there m 188.5. He had accumulated considerable 
wealth before his death. 

Edmund Snowden, son of John M. Snowden, of Pittsburgh, was 
admitted in Beavei', September 13, 1854. He was a prominent attor- 
ney in Pittsljurgh. . . . Bradford E. Todd, son of Rev. William 
Todd, at one time instructor in the Beaver Academy, was admitted 
to tlie Beaver county bar, September 8, 1841. He remained in Beaver 
only a few years, when he removed to Pittsburgh, and continued his 
practice there. . . . Alexander AV. Thompson, a physician and 
lawyer of IIo[)ewell townsliij), Beaver county, was admitted September 
9, 1869. He was prothonotary of the countv in 1854-'55, and was 
chosen member of the assemlily in 1884. 

Charles \'on lionliorst, a Pittsburgh attorney, was admitted to 
practice l)efoi'e Beaver county courts, July 23, 1824. He claimed to 
be a German nobleman of high rank. His son, Sidney F. A"on Bon- 
horst, was a prominent musician of Pittsburgh, and was at one time 
one of its aldermen rosejih Weigley was admitted to prac- 
tice in Beaver county, July 7, 1S(I4. , . . fUiarles AVilkins, a Pitts- 
burgh lawyer, was admitted November 8, 1808. He was a brother of 


Hon. William Wilkins, once United States senator. . . . James 
Wills was admitted to practice in Beaver county. July 4. 1S12. 

Warren 8. Dungan was born at Frankfort Springs. Beaver county, 
Pa., September 12, 1822. He was educated at Frankford academy, 
and commenced his professional studies in the law office of Col. 
Calvin Miller, of Bamola, Miss. He subsequently spent a year in the 
office of Roberts & May, in Beaver, at which place he was admitted to 
the bar, March 12, 1856. He immediately went to Cliariton, Iowa, 
and commenced the practice of his profession, where he still con- 
tinues. Being an active Eepublican, Col. Dungan was elected to the 
state senate in 1861, for a term of four years; but after serving in the 
regular winter session of 1861-'62, and in an extra session called to pro- 
vide a method of taking the votes of Iowa soldiers in the field, he 
resigned, enlisted in the army as a private soldier, recruited a company, 
of which he was unanimously chosen captain, and took the field. At 
the organization of the Thirty -fourth Iowa Infantry, he was com- 
missioned lieutenant-colonel of that regiment, and was afterwards 
breveted colonel United States Volunteers for gallant conduct in 
the vicinity of Mobile, Alabama. 

In 1872 he was chosen delegate to the republican national con- 
vention that nominated General Grant for a second term; and in the 
following election was a presidential elector. He was elected to the 
Iowa legislatui-e in the fall of 1879, and reelected to the next regular 
session of the house. In the Xineteeenth general assembly, he was 
chairman of the judiciary committee of the house. Being a j)rominent 
member and elder of the Presbyterian chm'ch. Col. Dungan was 
twice chosen as a delegate to the general assembly of that church, 
which met in 1875, at Toledo, Ohio, and in 1SS5 at Cincinnati, Ohio. 
He was elected state senator in Iowa at the fall election of 1887. 

James S. Putan was born in Carroll county, Ohio. May 29, 1838, 
being the son of Alexander A. Rutan, an influential farmer. His edu- 
cation was obtained in Richmond college, Ohio, and at Beaver 
academy. Having taught school for a year, he studied law in the 
office of the lamented Colonel R. P. Roberts, and was .subsequently admit- 
ted to the bar. He began his practice at Beaver, where he continued 
till September, 1861, when he entered the anuy as first lieutenant of 
a company in the One Hundred and First Pennsylvania regiment, and 
served till August, 1862, when, owing to ill health, he was discharged. 
Returning home, he was elected district attorney of Beaver count}', 
which ])Osition he held six years. In 1868 he was chosen as the repre- 


seiitative of the state to cany the electoral count to tlie national 
capital. In 1809 he was elected to the state senate, and was speaker 
of that body in 1872. On May 2, 18('i5, he was married to a daugh- 
ter of Eev. Dr. Cox, of Beaver, Pa. At present he resides in Pitts- 

Attorneys did not accumulate wealth ra})idly in the prinutive days. 
Fees were small, and paid often in other ways than by jmssing over 
gold and silver, as will be attested l)y the following note found by the 
author of this history in the papers of AVilliam Clarke, long a justice 
of the peace in Beaver: 

Three months after date, I promise to pay David Hayes, or order, two dollars in 
merchantable wheat, rye or other trade, as will suit said David, for attending to a of 
habeas corpus in which Charles Take, imprisoned, was discharged. 

July 4, 1811. Job Mase. 

The following case shows that, while J. Bannister Gibson did not 
make either money or reputation in Jieaver, he was not wholly without 

Elias Milor ) Issue summons wherefore with force and arm. he, the said 

w. r James !Magaw, on the said Elias Milor an assault did make at the 

James Magaw. ) county aforesaid, and him did there beat, wound and evilly treat 

and other wrongs to him did, to the great damage of the said Elias and against the peace. 

Elias Milor. 
To David Johnson, Proth: 

The bearer says he has not money about him to pay for the writ, but if you don't 
think proper to trust him, I will be accountable for the price of it. 

(Signed) John B. Gibson. 

"Whether the future chief justice was compelled to pay the price 
of the writ is not known; but it is a matter of record that the said Elias 
Milor, a resident of Ohio township, did within a year or two — viz., 
April 20, ISOfi — commit suicide by hanging himself near the fence of 
Thomas Nevil. in said township. A coroner's jury, summoned by 
David Drennan, and consisting of Samuel Johnston, John Cotton, Will- 
iam Foulkes, Thomas Hamilton, Alexander Reed, Oliver Mitchell, 
George Foulkes, Noble Rayl, William Duncan, Samuel Robb, David 
Calhoon and David Findley, found verdict in harmony with the fore- 
going; fact. 

The first trial for murder in the county originated thus: William 
Foulkes, who is reported to have been the first ]iermanent white settler 
in the county north of the Ohio river, lived in what is now Ohio town- 
ship between what was known as the Salem meeting-house and the Lit- 
tle Beaver. lie located in 1791, and had made an improvement ])rior 
to April 11, 1792, on a tract which at that time was granted by war- 

184 lllslci|;i- (IF liK.W Kl{ CCirXTV. 

I'iLiit, :iii(l subjc'cl lo ;\11 tlic pri'dicanients iiieiitiinied in llii> cli;i[)tei' on 
internal affairs undci' the head of land titles, lie was somewhat noted. 
He hrou^-lit tiie lirst suit in tiie Febrnai'v tei'ni of court, 1S(I4. in an 
action for slantler. 

On Wedne.sday, Sc|)tenii)ei- liM, Is^T. William 1!. Ii-ish, dei)uty 
United States marshal, accompanied by Eunion Williams, George 
lioldship and James Hamilton, went to eject a number of actual 
settlers, among whom was AVilliani Foulkes, who had occupied his 
land nearly seventeen years and had paid the price required by law. 
His im}n'ovements — eighty acres cleared, fenced and cultivated, a two- 
story house and a double barn — were valuable. After ejecting, under 
recent decisions of the supreme court of the United States, all those 
against whom writs were held the party proceeded to the house of 
foulkes to execute a writ of haherJ facias pofisci'ts/oncni in the case 
of the Pennsylvania l^opulation Company r.y. William Foulkes. 
Eunion Williams was the agent of the Pennsylvania Population Com- 
pany in Peaver county, James Hamilton an active and zealous par- 
tisan of the company and a settler under them ; George Holdship 
was a justice of the peace, and summoned by Irish as an assistant. 
The marshal and his party had reached the lane leading to the house 
of Foulkes, when the\' were fired upon by persons concealed in a 
thicket of brushes on the roadside. Three or four reports of guns 
were heard, and James Hamilton called out," Sheriff, I am gone!" 
and instantly fell from his horse to the ground, and expired in a few 
minutes. The marshal laid Hamilton on his back on the ground, a7id, 
placing his hat over his face, got on horseback and rode back in com- 
pany with the survivors with all speed to Greersburg, and made oath 
as to the facts before John Johnston, Esq. 

On the 29th of September, 1807, William Foulkes, on oath of Eun- 
ion Williams, was taken before William Clarke, justice of the peace, on 
wan-ant charging that he thought his life in danger from Foulkes, who, 
it a{>pears, had said that, if Williams should come to his house to dis- 
possess him, he would break one of his legs or thighs. Sevei-al gentle- 
men who were present offered to go bail ff)r Foulkes, among whom was 
Abner Lacock. Justice Clarke fixed the Ijail at $2,000, and Lacock 
was accepted as bail for that amount. 

At the court of (piartcr sessions, November 4, Pobert Mooi'e, Esq., 
moved to have Foulkes and iiisbail discharged from their I'ecognizance. 
This was opposed by James Allison, attorney for the Population Com- 
pany, and the matter was postponed by the court. On Saturday morn- 


iiig at tivo <i'rl(irk, the couil liavinn' inljunrned to Ik'iuphiirs tavern to 
receive tlie verdict of a jury then sitting, the cour't was again opened 
by Judges Roberts and Jleddick, and at that untimely hour, without 
the knowledge of Judges Caldwell and Drennan, Foulkes and his bail. 
w(?re called to enter into a new recognizance, or forfeit and pay $2,000. 

At this strange })roceeding all the inhabitants stood amazed; the 
absent judges appeared and protested with such tirniness as to compel 
the other judges to vield on condition that Foulkes should enter into a 
new recognizance before a justice of the peace. 

On Tluirsilay, November 5, 1807, the coui't couvene<l with Judges 
Roberts and hisassociates, Reddick, Drennan and Caldwell, on thebench, 
to try tiie case of The Commonwealth against Natliaiiiel Eakin, 
charged with the murder of James Hamilton. The grand jury which 
]iresented the indictment had J)r. Saiimel Adams as foreman. The 
])etit juiv consisted of Jolin Reed, Roliert Darragh, JJavid Kerr, 
Joseph McCready, Joshua Hartshorn. Hugh McCready, Thomas Har- 
vey, James Elliott, Nathaniel lilackmore, Abraham Tyon. Matthias 
Hook and Dawson Rlackmore. 

The counsel for the ])rosecution consisted of James Allison, deputy 
commonwealth attorney, aided by John Himonson and David Hayes. 
The defense was conducted by Parker CaHipl)ell, Robert Moore and 
James Mountain. The witnesses for the commonwealth included George 
Holdship, Isaac Bell, Sarah Lemington, Nathan Ravi, Robert Colvin, 
Alexander Anderson, John Anderson, George Stewart, Benjamin 
James and Noble Rayl. Those for the defense were James Hamil- 
ton, Delilah Johnson, William Cameron, Isaac Clark, John Aikin, 
James McCollough, Nancy Cameron, Peter Barnes, James Calhouji and 
Thomas Find ley. 

Nathaniel Eakin, a resident (jf South Beaver township, "a yeo- 
man, being moved and seduced by the instigation of the devil," was 
charged with killing Hamilton with a gun (valued at $2.00) loaded with 
gunpowder and a leaden bullet, hitting him on the left thigii below the 
groin and producing a mortal wound from which he instantly died. 

AVitnesses were called on the part of the prosecution, some of 
whom proved that the prisoner had used threats in 18(t() to the effect 
that if the marshal should come to dispossess any of the actual set- 
tlers, he would turn out with his gun, that blood would be spilt, and 
that he had no <loubt but that there would be civil war. It was also 
proved that the evening preceding tlu; day the marshal came, at a late 
hour, he was conversing with a voung man of the neighborhood rela- 


tive to the marshaFs coming out, and tlie blacking of faces at the end 
of Foulkes' hme. It was further shown that he was at Foulkes' on 
Monday, with his gun. 

On the part of the prisoner it was proved that inuuediately before 
the guns were fired, he was standing in FouUces' peacli orchard, and 
that immediately after he was standing in the same place. The dis- 
tance was so gi'eat, it was held, the prisoner could not liavebeen one of 
the persons who fired. It was also proven that the gun of the prisoner 
was in Foulkes' house at the time the guns were fired. Foulkes was 
called as a witness on the part of the prisoner. In the course of his 
examination he declared that it was his intention to oppose the mar- 
shal; that he was in his own house when the guns were fired, and was 
resolved not to give possession but with liis life. Mv. Mountain 
reminded iiim that he was not bound to criminate liimself. The presi- 
dent judge said he was doing that as fast as possible. The charge of the 
court was imjiressive, and somewhat severe against the prisoner. The 
jury, after a few minutes' consultation, returned a verdict " not guilty." 

Omitting many murder trials, the principals in which were never 
executed, we give the general account of the only criminal ever exe- 
cuted in Beaver county. On the 21st of March, 1862, Eli F. Sheets, of 
South Beaver township, a young man twenty years of age, shot John Ans- 
ley, of the same neighborhootl, twice tiirough the head, thrice through 
the back and once through the right arm, producing instant death. 
William Iv. Boden was foreman of the grand jury that found the bill 
of indictment. The case came uj) for trial at the June term of court, 
1862, but was continued to the September term. The district attorney 
was John B. Young. The counsel for the defendant embraced K P. 
Fetterman, S. B. Wilson and Henry Ilice. Tlie petit jury, John 
Stevenson, John Ilesson, Henry Schramm. Anthony Barrett, .Joseph 
Boots, Samuel Nelson, James C. Ferguson, William Gill, Benjamin 
Hall, John Cochran and James H. Dungan. The verdict of the jury 
was " Guilty of murder in the first degre(>." It was rendered Se])- 
tember 18. The next day, N. P. Fetterman moved for a new ti'ial 
on the following grounds: 

1. Two horse-shoes not given in evitlence were, without the 
knowledge or consent of the defendant, sent out with the jury when 
they retired to form verdict. 2. Verdict not sustained by law and 
evidence. 3. The discovery of new and material evidence. 4. James 
C. Ferguson, juror, while in the box was asleep. 

The motion for new trial was overruled bv the court. Judge 


Daniel Agnew presiding. The prisoner was sentenced to 1)0 lianged. 
On the 22d of October, the convict, through the assistance of the turn- 
key, Daniel Dunbarington, escaju-d from the jail. Sheriff John Rolv 
erts offered a reward of $500 for his a,i)preliension, and sent desci'iptive 
circulars everywhere. Dunbarington was arrested and confined in jail. 
Thomas Cunninghani and others frightened him by asserting that he 
would be compelled to share the fate of the prisoner whom he had per- 
mitted to escape. lie linally infoiMued the sheriff, that he could go to 
the place of Slieets' He escorted the sheriff, assisted by a 
posse, to the house of Mrs. Dr. R. B. Barker, near the river's bank, 
where he was foimd concealed under a bed. He was rearrested, and 
finally executed on Friday, April 10, 1863. 

On the 20th of April, 1876, was chartered the " Law Association 
of Beaver County," whose purpose was thus expressed: 

(1) To advance learning in tlic law and to provide and maintain a library. (2) 
To promote integrity and decorum in the legal profe.ssion, and to take measures for the 
e.xclusion from the bar of unworthy members thereof. (3) To use all proper means for 
enforcing obedience to the law bj' those concerned in the administration of the business 
of our judicial tribunals and the ollicers having charge of our public records. (4) To 
enforce among our members courtesy and the observance of proper professional rules. 
(5) To make efforts to improve the law and its administration and to protect it from 
dangerous innovations. (6) To guard the bar and judicial tribunals, their officers and 
members, from the invasion of their rights and privileges, and to maintain their proper 
influence. (7) To promote kind and useful intercourse among those concerned in the 
administration of justice. (S) To m.aintain the character and influence of the bar of 
Beaver county. 

The minimum terms of initiation were fixed thus: (1) Two-thirds 
vote of charter members (2) The jniyment of ten dollars. The 
names of charter members are Brown B. Chamberlin, Samuel Jlagaw, 
Joseph LedHe, J. II. Ilarrah, Frank Wilson, G. L. Eberhart, Alfred S. 
Moore, F. 11. Agnew, S. B. Wilson, AV. S. Morlan, E. P,. Daugherty, J. 
J, Wickhani, Thomas Ilenry, 11. R. Moore, James K. Piersol, John M. 
Buchanan, O. A. Smtill. X. C. "Shwt'm tind W. S. Moore. 

A fee bill w;ts established and published which, it is jn'oper to 
state, does designate " merchantable whetit, rye or other trade '" as an 
acceptable legal tender for services rendered. 

In the spring of 1887, the bar of the county rendered " The Mer- 
chant of Venice " with fine effect at Bridgewater and Beaver Falls. 
This success prom])ted the forming in June of the same year of the 
Beaver Dramatic Association for rendering other Shakspearean plays 
in the future. The officers chosen were — President, J. II. Cunning- 



liain; vice-president, J. ISliai'p Wilson ; recording secretary, Miss Maine 
Stone; corresponding secretary, W. TI. S. Thompson, Esq. 

Following is a list of attorneys admitted to practice in the courts 
of Beaver county from its organization to the present time, witii dates 
of admission. Many of them were non-ri sidents of the county. Of 
man}', character or biogra])hical sketches will be found in this chai)ter 
under the part relating to the Bench or the Bar; and of many of the 
living representatives fuller accounts will be noticed in the biographical 
portion of the volume. 

Addison, Alexander, 6 Feb., 1804. 
Allison, James, 6 Feb., 1804. 
Ayers, William, 6 Feb., 1804. 
Agnew, Daniel, 24 August, 1839. 
Alli.son. William, 4 Dec, 1833. 
Alexander, .Tames, 6 June, 1837. 
Ayers, Jonathan, 4 Dec. 1844. 
Allison, John, 26 Nov., 1845. 
Alden, T. Fox, 10 June, 1847. 
Appleton, Geo. E., 23 March, 1849. 
Adams, Capt. Samuel, 8 June, 1853. 
Austin. Walter F., 14 June, 1869. 
Agnew, Franklin H., 2 Sept., 1872. 
Ambler, J. A., 6 .June, 1876. 
Acheson, Marcus W , 8 April, 1878. 
Baldwin, Henry, fi Feb., 1804. 
Blockson, Fisher A., 11 May, 1805. 
Burke, Robert, 38 August, 1826. 
Beall, Thomas E., 10 Sept., 1835. 
Buchanan. James W., 11 July, 1843. 
Boyd, J K., 28 Nov., 1843. " 
Barton, John, 4 June, 1845. 
Budd, — ., 10 March, 1846. 
Bradford, Charles S., 15 Jan., 1848. 
Black. Samuel W., U.Ian., 18.50. 
Brady, Jasper E., 19 March, 18.50. 
Bliss, James G., 14 Sept., 1853. 
Bakewell, William, 5 June, 1865. 
Brady, Freeman, Jr., 5 June, 1865. 
Braden, J. D., 5 June, 1865. 
Buchanan, John M., 2 Sept., 1872. 
Bowman, C. O., 12 June, 1874. 
Barrett, .James A., 6 Dec, 1875. 
Bigger, Ellis N., 2 June, 1879. 
Black, Samuel James, 9 Oct., 1882. 
Campbell, Parker, 6 Feb., 1804. 
Campbell, Henry, 7 August, 1815. 
Craff, James S., 9 April, 1821: 

Clarke, William B.. 21 3Iay, 1827. 
Chew, Joseph T., 12 April, 1830. 
Cunningham, Thomas, 4 jNIarch, 1835. 
Chamberlin, B. B., 5 June, 1837. 
Cunningham, Nathaniel, 7 March, 1838. 
Cunningham, James M., 5 JIarch, 1839. 
Cormyn, Bernard, 11 July, 1843. 
Callan, James, 29 Nov., 1843. 
Cossett, David C, 10 June, 1847. 
Cormyn, Paul, 8 July, 1847. 
Conwaj', James, 6 Sept., 1848. 
Clarke, Joseph B,, 9 June, 1849. 
Coyle, John, 8 3Iay, 1850. 
Caughey, Silas W. W., 14 March, 1853. 
Cuthbertson. John. 35 Nov., 1853. 
Cochran, John T., 2S Dec, 1853. 
Cunning, Hugh, 10 March, 18.56. 
Cunningham, .Joseph H., 1 May, 1861. 
Crumrine, Boyd, 5 June, 1866. 
Cameron, James, 16 June, 1868. 
Cochran, George R., 18 Jan., 1871. 
Cunningham, James H., 31 July, 1872. 
Clarke, Albert H., 6 June, 1873. 
Carnahan, Robert B., 8 April, 1878. 
Coulter, J. D., 11 March, 1879. 
Campbell, .James O., " Registered." 
Cope, Roger, 5 Dec, 1881. 
Cornelius, Charles E., 5 Oct.. 1885. 
Crown, Joseph, 21 Nov., 1885. 
Cuthbertson, Wm. B., 6 June, 1887. 
Dunlap, .Tames, 6 Nov., 1805. 
Douglass, Samuel, 7 August, 1811. 
Dunham, Sylvester, 2 .June, 1817. 
Dallas, Trevanion B., 10 Jan., 182.5. 
Denney, William II., 1 April, 18-35. 
Dickey, Oliver J., 26 Nov., 1,845. 
Dana, Samuel W., 3 June, 18.56. 
Daugherty, Edward B., 4 June, 1860. 






Davenport, Samuel, 24 Feb., 1S()4. 
Davis, Jacob S., 18 Nov., ISOit. 
Dunlap, Joseph F., 25 Jlarch, 1872. 
Dalzell, John. 18 Feb., 18H4. 
Eyster, Christian S., 1 July, 1858. 
Swing, Thomas, 27 April, 1865. 
Eberhart, Gilbert L., 14 June, 1870. 
Eakin, John, 6 June, 1873. 
Emery, J. A., 16 March, 1881. 
Poster. Alexander W., 6 Feb., 1804. 
Findlay, Kobert, 24 Sept., ISIO. 
Foster, Samuel B., 26 March. 1811. 
Forward, Walter, n April. 1821. 
Fetterman, W. W.,12 April, 1824. 
Fettermau, N. P., 6 June, 18;il. 
Foster, John B., 1 June, 1840. 
Flanegan, F. C, 23 Nov., 1853. 
Forward. Ross, 3 Sept., 1866. 
Gibson, John Bannister, Feb.. 1804. 
Gilmore, John, 7 Jlay, 1804. 
Gorniley, Samuel, 24, 182!). 
Grimshaw, AVilliam. 10 Sept., 1835. 
Gaither, Samuel, s March, 1852. 
Gibson, Robert 51 , 5 June, 1866. 
Geyer, Stephen II., 8 April, 1878. 
Grim, Louis Edward. 2 Jan., 1882. 
Hayes, David, 6 Feb., 1804. 
Hazlett, Henry, 6 Feb., 1804. 
Hopkins, John H., 21 Oct., 1822. 
Horton, V. B., 11 April. 1831. 
Hicko.x, Silas II., 7 March, 1833. 
Henry, Evan J., 3 .Sept., 1839. 
Henry, Thomas J., 9 :March, 1844. 
Heidelberg. E., 3 Sept., 1849. 
Hampton, John It., 7 June, 1858. 
Hasbrouck, Cicero, 27 Jan., 1857. 
Hice, Henry, 6 June, 1859. 
Harper, Joseph P., 10 Sept., 1860. 
Harrah, Joseph R., 27 March, 1866. 
Hart, George S., 5 June, 1860. 
Henry, Thomas, 8 March, 1867. 
Hart, Alphonso, 6 March, 1.S68. 
Herron, D. S., 27 March, 1870. 
Hazen, Aaron L., 5 June, 1870. 
Hayes, JohnB., 4 Sept., 1871. 
Houseman, Moses 11., 8 April, 1878. 
Henry, Thomas M., 15 May, 1882. 
Imbrie, De Lorma, 25 Nov., 18.53. 

Imbrie, Addison JI., 2 Sept., 1878. 
Jennings. Obadiah, 6 Feb., 1804. 
Johnston. Thomas U.. 6 Feb., 1804. 
Jones, Lsaac, 5 June, 1837. 
Johnston, James W., 36 Jan., 1857. 
Johnston, Smith N., ISMarch, 1869. 
Jackson, Oscar L., 9 Nov., 1869. 
Johnston. Lawrence, 13 June, 1885. 
Kerr, Isaac, 6 Feb., 1801. 
King, Sampson S., 6 Feb.. 1804. 
Kingston, Samuel, 8 April, 1822. 
Kaine, Daniel, 20 Nov., 1855. 
Kurtz, David B.. 19 March, 1866. 
Kuhn, E. P., 27 March, 1868. 
Larwell, William C, 6 Feb., 1804. 
Leet, Isaac. 28 August, 1826. 
Lowrie, Walter H., 15 June, 1832. 
Lowry, Matthew S., 2 Dec , 1834. 
Loomis, A. W.. 29 May, 1843. 
Lancaster, C, 6 Sept., 1843. 
Large, John R., 8 Nov., 1850. 
Lamberton, Henry W., 26 Jan., 18.53. 
Long, Odell S., 5 June, 1862. 
Little, L. W., 5 June, 1866. 
Ledlie, Joseph, 11 Nov., 1867. 
Leibiuick, J. J., 8 Sept., 1868. 
Leister, Cornelius R., 13 Sept., 1873. 
Leonard. David H., 14 Sept., 1864. 
Lowrie, James A., 16 March, 1874. 
Laird. Frank H., 18 June, 1883. 
Moore. Robert, 6 Feb., 1804. 
Mountain, James, 6 Eel)., 1804. 
Marshall, John. 2 August. 1808. 
Marshall, James C. 28 August, 1828. 
Mountain, A. S , 28 August, 1838. 
Meredith, Simon, 28 Oct., 1830. 
Mahon, J. D., 4 Sept., 1834. 
Musser, Joseph B., 11 July, 1843. 
Maxwell, William, 15 March, 1850. 
Magaw, Samuel, 4 June, 1855. 
Marshall. Thomas M., 29 Nov., 1855. 
Morlan, AVilliam S., 14 Sept., 1857. 
Marshall, Kennedy. 21 Nov., 1859. 
Mason, Samuel R.. 4 Jan., 1865. 
Montgomery, William, 5 June, 1866. 
Morris, D. S., 20 JIarch. 1867. 
Moore, Henry R., 18 Nov., 1869. 
Moore. A. S., 4 Sept., 1871. 




Martin, W. C, 1 Sept., 1873. 
Moorhead. John W., T June, 1875. 
Jloore. Winfield S., 1") March, 1876. 
Marshall, A. P., 28 April. 1876. 

Mueller. John H., , 1872. 

M'Connell, John G., 8 April, 1878. 
Martin, James Hankin, 6 Feb.. 1882. 
Mellon, William Joseph, lo May, 1882. 
Moreland. William C, 18 Feb., 1884. 
M'Donakl, John, 8 Jan., 1808. 
M'Liuighlin, William, 12 Jan., 1829. 
JNI'Luuifhlin, James, 13 Jan., 1829. 
M'Candless, Wilson. 6 Dec, 1831. 
M'Clowry, John X., 11 March, 1846. 

M'Guflin, L. 1,., 

M'Neill, .John, 2 Sept., 1S61. 
M'Elrath, Archibald, 18 Oct., 18")3. 
M'Combs, John C, 12 June, 1866. 
M'Creery, James H.. 27 April, 1870, 
M'Conaghey, John G., 9 June, 1875. 
M'Coy, Ale-xander W., 10 June. 1878. 
M'Kenna. Cliarles Francis, 16 Jlay, 1882. 
M'Combs, HobertB., 26 June. 1886. 
Nicholson, Thomas C, 20 March, 1861. 
Otis, W. C. S., 5 June, 1865. 

Oliphant, E. P., , 

Pentecost, Joseph, 8 May, 1804. 
Pickens, Israel, 8 Nov., 1804. 
Picknoll, Hugh, 8 August, 1810. 
Purviance, Samuel A , 28 Oct., 1828. 
Pentland, E., 11 April, 1831. 
Purviance, John N.. 2 Sept., IS.")]. 
Power, Samuel A.. 2 August. 1859. 
Piersol, Benj. K., 10 Sept., 1862. 
Patterson. David T., 5 June, 1866. 
Pusey, William B.. Jr., 27 April, 1870. 
Piersol, James K., 13 June, 1870. 
Patterson, George E., 3 Nov , 1879. 
Pier, William S., 18 Feb., 1884. 
Quay, Matthew S., 13 Oct., 1854. 
Keddick, David, 6 Feb., 1804. 
Hoberts, Horatio N.. 5 Sept., 1831. 
l{ol)ert.s, Hichard P., 15 March, 1848. 
Uutan, James Smith, 16 Jan., 1861. 
Kuple, Charles S., 5 June, 1866, 
Heed, Bernard M., 17 May. 1868. 
Iteeves, Wilbur A., 2 March, 1875. 
Reed, John F., 14 Sept.. 1877. 

Sample, C. S., 6 Feb.. 1804. 
Semple, Steel, 6 Feb., 1804. 
Simonson, John, 6 Feb., 1804. 
Shannon, John H., 3 Oct., 1808. 
Shaw, George, 29 August, 1827. 
Shields, Thomas L.. 5 Sept., 1831. 
Sullivan, Charles C, 5 June, 1832. 
Stewart, James II., 8 April, 1833. 
Smith, George W., 3 June, 1833. 
Sample, S. N, 7 March, 1838. 
Scroggs, Gustavus A., 4 June, 1845. 
Stowe, Edwin II., 14 March, 1850. 
Snowden, Edmund, 13 Sept., 1854. 
Sweitzer, J. B., 12 June, 1859. 
Selden, George S., 31 Nov., 1860. 
Schoyer, Solomon, 31 Oct., 1861. 
Shinn, Thorlon A., 5 June, 1865. 
Sabmeck, J. J., 8 Sept., 1868. 
Stoner, James^ 15 March, 1869. 
Stevenson, John H., 29 Dec, 1869. 
Small, Oscar A., 10 Oct., 1872. 
Sterrett. James P., 8 April, 1878. 
Shiras, George, Jr., 8 April, 1878, 
Slagle, Jacob F., 18 Feb., 1884. 
Todd, Bradford E., 8 Sept., 1841. 
Taylor, Lewis, 4 Sept., 1843. 
Thomson, Alex. R., 14 Sept., 1857. 
Taylor, Alexander W., 9 Sept., 1869. 
Thomson, W. H. S., 5 Dec, 1881. 
Twiford, Daniel M., Reg. 1 Sept., 1882. 
Von Bonhorst, Charles, 23 August, 1824. 
Veou, J. H., 3 Sept 1866, 
Vo.sler, John W., 5 June, 1876. 
Wilkins, William, 6 Feb., 1804, 
Weigley, Joseph, 7 August, 1804. 
White, John, 2 August, 1808. 
Wilkins, Charles, 2 Nov., 1808. 

Watts, Henry M., 

AVills, James, 4 August, 1812. 
Walker, A. S.. 22 August, 1822. 
Watson, George, 25 August, 1823. 
Waugh, John A., 27 Oct., 1828. 
Wallace. John B., 13 Jan., 1829. 
Williamson, John, 5 June, 1843. 
Wilson, Joseph II., 5 June, 1850. 
Wilson, Samuel B., 18 Nov., 1850. 
Weir, Hugh W., 8 March, 1852. 
Williams Thomas, 6 June, 1852. 




Welsh, Moses B., 14 March, 1853. 
AVhite, J. W. F., 1!) March, 1859. 
Way, Andrew, 4 May, 1864. 
Wilson, Frank, 27 March, 1866. 
Wilson, David S., 5 June, 1866. 
Whitsell. Jacob, 6 Sept., 1867. 
Wilson, John S., 10 Sept., 1867. 

Young, John B. 

Wickham, John J., 15 March, 1869. 
Wintcrnil/., B. A., 18 Sept., 1874. 
Wynn, Addison, 15 Jul)', 1875. 
Wood, Uobert, 10 Sept., 1877. 
Wilson, George S., 4 March, 1878. 
Watson, David T., 8 April, 1878. 
Wallace, William D., 7 June, 1886. 
26 Jan., 1858. 

CHAPTER \^ir. 



County — Ei'iukmic Diseases — -Skktches ok Prominent Piiysi- 
t'lANS — Medical Societv — List or I'hysicians. 

'^ ~Y'7~ NOW tlivsclf,"' is tlie foniuihi in which the (J reck iihnd cdiu'hcd 
r\ thoqiiintessence of humiui kiiowledi^'e coiicei'iiiii^i;' man. " Do 
thyself no liai'iii," is the in junction witli wiiich an ins])ire(l apostle deterred 
a la\\-;d)idin,ii' otKciai from inHictinj:- upoii himself bodily injurv. " Tiie 
proper stiid\ ol mankind is man,"" exchiinis En<;iand's great jioct, who 
"lisped in numhcrs." •• M<nx sdim hi xana rr>/y;^>/v'"" ("A strong mind 
in it sound bodv'"), sang the Latin hard of Mantua. ^'Natura est vera 
■ined'icatri.1-'' ("Natui-c is the true physician""). 

Tiiese maxims, which ai'e the civam of human thought on the sub- 
ject, indicate the jirogressive ti'end of enlightene(l sentiment relative to 
tiie perfectal)ility of human beings. That man is accountable I'oi' the 
develo])ment and ju'eservation of his ])hysieal organization is clearly 
indicated by the coi'tainty and severity with -whicii the penalties of vio- 
lated piivsical law are inflicted. At evei'y tui'ii in the pathway of life 
stand clierul)im witii Haming swords to deter, ])erchance to ])unisli, those 
who would cori'u])! or desti-oy iiuman hap])iness. The teachings of 
revelation, interpreled bv tiic eiecti-ic hght of modern science, jirove 
conclusively that •• the | physiologically | wicked shall not live out half 
their da\'s."" The fundauK^ntal truth: " Whatsoever a man soweth, that 
shall he also I'ea]),'" draw n bv inspiration from the domain of physical 
nature, is emphasi/cd by every ache and pain, by every blighted con- 
stitution, bv everv fiagile step, by every bleared countenance seen on 
the great ocean of humanity. 

The remedy for physical weakness and milia])piness lies in the edu- 
cation of the |)eople. Old anil young need to be taught the inevitable 
connection between cause and effect, and the impartiality with w-hich 
Dame Nature ])unish(>s those who buin false tire upon her ;iltars. Ignor- 



aiice of liyo-ienic laws neithei- expin)its nor (wcuses any «>ii<' liniii the 
pains tliat invarial)ly accompany tlicii- violation. The wag wiio had 
tried lioth allopathy and iionieo])athy, and jii'oposed to estahlisii a new 
school of practice to he called S(!nseo]iath\\ expressed himself in the 
following stanzas: 

T;ike the open air — 

The more you take tlie better; 
FoIUjw nature's laws 

To the very letter. 

Let tlie doctors go 

To the Bay of Biscay; 
Let alone what they give, 

The brandy and the whisky. 

Freely exercise, 

Keep your spirits cheerful; 
Let no dread of sickness 

Make 3'ou over-fc;irful. 

Eat the simplest food, 

Drink the pure cold water; 
Then you will be well, 

Or, at least, you ought 'er. 

Beaver county is, all things considered, a remarkably healthful 
region. AVhether from climatic conditions, or inherently strong con- 
stitutions; whether from strict observ^ance of the laws of health, or 
from skillful medical ])ractice, is not material; but the fact remains, as 
will be evinced by the mortuary list in this volume, as well as In' the 
records of tombstones, that Beaver coiuity has produced more cases of 
longevity than almost any other eipial teri-itory or jiojiulation in tlie 

The Ohio river, affording by its drainage a certain ])i'otection 
against disease, has been the thoroughfare along which certain contagi- 
ous diseases have crejit from the infected districts on the lower Missis- 
sippi. Notably was the scourge by cholera of lS.3-f. The disease 
began in July. The first case was that of Samuel IIoo])er, who bi'f)nght 
it from Louisville on the steamboat Byron. He died shortly after 
reaching Freedom. The next was that of Captain Ephraiin Knowles, 
of the steamboat Eclipse. The boat was run ashoi'e near the mouth 
of jjig Beaver, and medical aid summoned, but in vain. The victim 
died in five hours after taking ill. 

In August it raged with great destruction in Fallston. Dr. E. K. 
Chamberlain was in charge of the ])atieiits. The village was nearly 


depopulated during- tlu> scourge, only ten families having i-emained. 
Fi'om a report made August S, by Di: Ciiamberlaiu, the following 
deaths occuiTed from cholera asphyxia under his observjition: James 
Mcllrov, Marv Smith, Marv Worcester. Eobert JMcCreai-v, Doujrlas 
Mellroy, Mrs. Baxter, Thomas Sloane, Richard Baxter and John 
Collier. These all died in tiie village. Two others died elsewheVe, 
viz: William Fowler, at New Castle, and James Alexander, at Hemy 
Small's, near Beaver. Several deaths not mentioned in the forecroinsr 
list occurred in the county: Mre. Yenatta, Mrs. Dean, Mi's. Gormle^', 
John Murphy. Alexander iVluri)hy, James Fowler and James Court- 

Early in the spring of 1849 the cholera began to creej) up along 
the Mississippi and Ohio rivere, scourging all the large cities and towns 
in its path. The fii-st cases in Beaver county were those of Aaron 
Dout, of Yanport, recently returned from New Orleans, and James 
Hart, of Bochester, engineer on the steamer Beaver. Tlic Argvs of 
Mav 16 reported them as recovering. On the 9th of July, Itobert 
McFerran, county commissioner, living near HookstoAvn, died, aged 
fifty veal's. Emanuel B. Schly, of Beaver, was attacked in the harvest 
field, and died July 11. aged about forty. On the same day two men 
died at Baden — John Watterhouse and a Mr. Hill. About the same 
time a Mr. Dunbar died on the steamboat Genessee, and was buried 
at Georgetown. Ilichard and James Partington, brothers, and the 
father and uncle, respectively, of the present county commissioner, were 
victims of the epidemic, their deaths occurring on the 9th and 16th of 
September, just one week apart. 

The attacks of cholera in 1851-52 were slight. In 1851, John 
Anderson, a shoemaker, twenty-three years of age, died beyond 
Brady's Run. On the 4th of July, 1852, Michael Waterhouse, a river 
man, died at Baden; James McKee, of Freedom, was severely attacked, 
but recovered. Dr. D. S. Marquis was the attending jjhysician in both 

In March, 1845, broke out a disease which was currently known as 
the •• Ilookstown fever,"' because of its severe prevalence in the region 
of tiiat village. Its origin ma}' be traced to Anderson & Shillito's mill 
(afterward called Bock's mill\ on Raccoon creek, two miles from Inde- 
pandence. The mill and distillery connected with it ])roduced the 
disease whose first victim was Matthew Anderson. He recovered. 
Following him were Benjamin Anderson. George Shillito iliiisband of 
Mrs. Elizabeth Shillito, now of Beaver, born April 11, 1803), John 


Anderson and wife, Alice Marv Sliillito. Mrs. Elizabeth Shillito, IJenja- 
min, John and llo])ert Sliillito. The last one dietl. From the mill tlie 
disease spread, finally reachino- Hookstnwn. It created such a panic in 
the place that even Dr. Robinson, preaclier at tiie Mill Creek chui'ch, 
was afraid to come to town to liiirv the deaxh lieferi'ini^' to its out- 
break in Hookstown and iMimediati! vicinity, Dr. Frank D. Kerr, resi- 
dent physician at lloukstowii, in a pcrsimal letter, dated June IT, 1S87, 

This epidemic commeuced about tlie middle of June, 1X4."), and lasted about seven 
montlis in Hookstown, causing unprecedented distress and alarm because of its virulence 
and fatality. There was a period of inculiation or developing of llie disease of about 
two weeks. The disease then set in slowly and stealthily; the sufferer felt uneasy all tlie 
lime, and wanted to be in some other place or other position than the one in which he 
existed; he felt as tliough he simply existed without any purpose of his existence. He 
was an.xious about himself and about his friends. He ached behind his ears and in the 
back of his neck. Constipation of the bowels was a marked feature in some cases, 
whilst in othei' cases the opposite was the condition. Where there was constipation the 
stools were light; where there was diarrhcea the stools were as black as tar, and patients 
thus affected were subject to alarming hemorrhages. David Kerr, in his illness, was 
constipated in the bowels all the time. He was so low in the fever he was at one time 
thought to be dead, in the third week. Thomas Wright was troubled with a persistent 
diarrhcea, with black stools and hemorrhages, and at the end of the second week was 
thought at one time to have died, he being so reduced with the disease. These both are 
living to-day. After several days there was headache in the back of the head, with 
chills, thirst, loss of appetite, brownish-coated tongue, which eventually became black 
as the disease advanced. In some cases the was slow and feeble; in others, it was 
frequent and irregular. There was a sensation of great weight in the chest and abdo- 
men. In the case of Mr. Kerr, he desired a knife with which to "remove an anvil, 
tongs and hammer," and other blacksmith tools from his chest. Mr. Wright felt as 
though he was sat upon by as many men as could use him for a seal, and they were no 
" light weights," either. 

Mr. William Miller's experience was, that he was laid ujion the floor whilst Israel 
Palmer, an old colored man (dead lately), tramjied upon him from head to foot, and 
Israel pressed down well willi his head against the ceiling. This sensation of weight 
was extremely distressing to the patieiils. The urine was small in quantity, high colored 
and, most of the time, caused great pain in voiding. The use of the catheter was at 
times necessary. The lips became parched and sore, the tongue dry and black; and after 
the second week, or in less time, there was mental confusion and delirium, ringing in 
the ears, pinched appearance of features, with hectic flush on the cheeks and bleeding at 
the nose. The temperature of the body varied, being highest in the evening. Active 
symptoms in some cases lasted thirty or forty daj's, and ultimate recovery did not take 
place until a lapse of .six or seven months, in many cases. 

When death was caused by the fever, it generally occurred about the third week 
of the disease. There were three hundred and fifty inhabitants in Hookstown, and 
every family in the village was attacked Ijy the disease, save three, which escaped with- 
out having any case amongst them. There were, in all. eighty-six cases of the disease. 
Eight deaths occurred from the fever directly, whilst a number of deaths were ha.stened 
by it, but attributed to other causes as being more immediate. 

198 msroHY of hkavek corNTY. 

The followiug are the names of those who died from the disease: Dr. Samuel 
Wallace, Dr. Alexander Coburn. Mrs. Sarah Miller, Mrs. Martha Witherspoon, Mrs. 
Althea Cross. Miss Isabella Eaton, Mr. William Freasure, Mr. Samuel Carrothers. No 
prevailing disease similar to this has ever visited Beaver countj*. 

Tilt' tiiird physician of the place, Dr. "William Smith, was also 
talvcn ill. hut recovered. Dr. D. S. Manjuis, now of Rochester, formed 
a ))artiiei'siiip with Dr. Smith in liis ilhiess, and continued to jjractice at 
Hookstown for three \'ears. 

It is much to be regretted that some record was not Icejrt of all tiie 
early physicians. The old iKnvspaper files have assisted in recalling 
some of these pioneers in the medical ranks. In some cases brief 
sketches are given. 

Dr. Geo. W. Allison was Itorn in Washington, Pa., in Ai)i'il, 1803, 
being the third son (jf Hon. James Allison. He graduated from AVash- 
ington college and began the stixdy of medicine under Di'. i\Iilo Adams, 
of Beaver, to which place he had removed when ([uite young. In 1828 
lie attended a course of lectures in the medical dejjartment of the Uni- 
versity of Maryland. The year following he commenced the pi'actice 
of his profession in Beaver, at which place he continued until his tleath. 
In his practice he was conscientious, honest and successful. In 1841 he 
married Sarah, daughter of James Lyon, Esq., with -whom he lived 
hap]tily. Dr. Allison was considered a physician of great skill, and rep- 
resented his, county in the State Medical Society, of which he was at 
one time vice-president. He died December 7. 1803, being sixty -one 
years of age. 

Dr. Smith Cunningiiam was born in Lancaster county. Pa., January 
10, 1804. In 1813. he removed witli his father's family to Ohio. 
While in his minority, he left home to achieve his own fortune. After 
accpiiring a liberal education, he began his medical studies under direc- 
tion of Dr. James Speer, of Pittsburgh. After completing his profes- 
sional ])reparation and traveling somewhat extensively, he located at 
Petersbiii'g, Ohio, in 1829. He remained there Init a .short time, when 
he located in Beaver, in which place he practiced, all told, over a third 
of a century, a hirge portion of the time with Di". Oliver Cunningham. 
He was one of the founders and a ])rominent meml)er of the Beaver 
County Medical Society, and repr<'seiited it in several meetings of the 
State Medical Society, at one of which he was chosen president of the 

In his practice Dr. Cunningham achieved success. As a citizen he 
was generous, patriotic and public-spirited; a man of highly-cixltivated 



/i i? -?v'«. Q^ 6'-'''' 


mind, refined taste and rare c(jnversational powers, he always 
inii)arted to tlie social circle in which he moved a hieh de£rree of 
l)leasure and profit by liis general and varied intelligence and his 
pleasing and genial manners. In tlie room and at tlie liedside of his 
patients, he always gave comfort by his kindly manner and clieerful 
and instructive conversation. He died October 25, 1863, beiTig sixty 
years of age. 

Dr. James Cochran was born August l*i, 1780, in Adams county, 
wiiere he s])ent his early years in a course of education }>repai"itory to 
the study of medicine. Having completed his professional preparation, 
he settled in the year 18n(), at Caimonsburg, where he]>racticed several 
years. In 1S(>8 he followed the tide of migration westwai'd to J'eaver 
county, wliicli was tlien little better than a wilderness. The difficulty 
of riding in a new country and a gi'owing distaste for his jirofession 
induced him to I'elinquish its practice and engage in other more con- 
genial pursuits. He acquired such a competence as enabled him to 
retire frtnu business a,bout ten years prior to his death. 

He was for a long time a justice of the jieace, and was noted for 
the fact that he discouraged litigation at all times. He was an early 
friend and patron of Greersburg academy, and bestowed upon the Free 
Churcli of Darlino'ton, of which he was a member, the grounds on which 
their house stands. He died in Darlington. Auiiust Ifi, 18.51, Ijeinc 
seventy-one years of age. 

Dr. Bernard Dustin was lioi'u in New Hampshire, March 16, 1781. 
He studied medicine in Utica, N. Y., and after completing his work 
there started westward, arriving in Darlington, Beaver county July 1, 
1807, wliere he commenced the practice of his chosen profession. 
Being the only pliysician in the comnmnity, he soon built up an exten- 
sive and lucrative practice. His charges were moderate, his forbearance 
with the ])oor very marked, and he rarely resorted to legal stejis for the 
collection of his debts. He accuuudated considerable property, and 
lived a life of usefulness and iuHuence for good. He died in Darlington. 
February 21, ISU. 

Dr. William H. 11. t'haiul)erlin was born in Liteiitield, Conn., June 
22, 1810. After umcii effort he succeeded in securing an elementary 
education, and subse(|uently, in 1831, graduated from the College of 
Physicians and iSui'geons of New York city. In the same year lie 
removed to New I'.rigiiton, where he formed a- partnership with his 
brother, ])i'. E. K. ('Iiamliei'lin, which continued until the latter went 


to Cincinnati, 0., in 1S42. Dr. William H. H. Chamberlin died Docem- 
ber 21, IS-tT, in New Brighton, of t_v])lms fever. 

Dr. E. K. Chaml)erlin, hrotlier of preceding, at one time a resident 
of New Brighton, dieil in the winter of 1852-53, while on his way from 
Panama to San Francisco. In 1842 he had removed from Beaver county 
to Cincinnati. At the breaking out of the Mexican war he enlisted as 
a surgeon of Ohio troops, and ^vas assigned to duty in Taylor's army. 
So pojiular did he Ijecome, Ijy his kindness and humane acts, that he 
was jxtpularly known as "Old Medicine." lie was afterward in the 
survey of the Mexican linuiulary. Subsequently he took up his abode 
in California, where he \\ as elected to the state senate, of which body 
he was chosen president. 

Dr. Samuel Wallace, a native of Beaver county, graduated from 
Jefferson Medical College, and commenced the practice of his profession 
in Ilookstown, where he was cut off in early manhood Ijy an attack of 
congestive fever. He died September 27, 1845, aged thirty-two yeara. 
His loss was keenly felt. 

Dr. Alexander Young Coburn tlicd in Ilookstown, of congestive 
fever, in November, 1845, aged twenty five years. His co-partner, Dr. 
Samuel Wallace, having been removed Ijut a few weeks before by the 
same fatal malady, Dr. Coburn undertook to attend to a large portion 
of a deeply afflicted community; and to his exertions and exposure 
while in discharge of his professional duties his early death may be 
attributed. While endeavoring to save the lives of others he lost his 
own. He was a young man of good character. 

Dr. Milo Adams was born in Westmoreland county, and in early 
life moved with his father. Dr. Samuel Adams, to the falls of Big 
Beaver. He studied medicine with Dr. Phillip Mowry, formerly of 
Pittsburgh, and commenced jiracticing at the age of twenty-one. On 
November 15, 1831, he associated himself with Dr. E. Adams Wilson. 
He was at one time sheriff of the county, and was for manj^ years a 
prominent memljer of the Methodist Protestant church. He died in its 
faith, August 18, 184fi, at his residence in Sluu'on. 

Dr. Samuel Adams was born in Westmoi'eland county in 1761. 
He removed when quite a young man to Beaver county, of which he 
was a long-time resident, beloved and respected by all, and in Chippewa 
township he died March 6, 1831, being seventy years of age. 

Dr. James Dawson died in Ohioville, September 21, 1847, aged 
forty-two years. Ten days previous to his death he suffered the ampu- 
tation of his leg, and never recovered from the exhaustion incident 


to tlie operation. lie left a wife and six childi'en to mourn his loss. 

Dr. Charles Weaver died in New I'rio'hton, January 27, 18.52, aged 
thirty-six years. . . . Dr. Robert T. Hunter, formerly of Beaver, died 
at Mt. Jackson, April 2, 1849, aged thirty years. . . . Dr. II. Hard, 
a graduate of the Reformed "Medical College of '\^estern Pennsylvania, 
tendered his services through the ^4; y/v^? of March 14, 1834, to "the 
inhabitants of East Brighton as iihysician, siu'geon and accouclunir. 
He made no use of metallic minerals, mercury, zinc, etc., as internal 

Dr. J. P. Scroggs, " late of Clint(jn, Allegheny Co., a graduate of 
the Ohio Medical College, of Cincinnati, is taken into partnership by 
Dr. J. Clark, of Ohioville," according to the Argus of Octoljer 1, 
1834. . . . Dr. David Stanton is announced February 13, 1852, as 
a physician and surgeon of NeAV Brighton. . . . Dr. Milton Law- 
rence was a politician and physician of Ilookstown some tifty years ago. 
He served as prothonotarj' and associate judge, and was quite noted as 
a physician. . . . Dr. J. J. Ikert announces himself as a practicing 
physician and surgeon to the people of Rochester in 1834. . . . Dr. 
R. S. Bronson was a practicing i)hysician in Bridgewater, May 12, 
1852. . . . Dr. J. A. Blanchard, a homeopathic physician announces 
himself to the peojileof Bridgewater ApHl 14, 1852. . . . Dr. C. T. 
Sell, of Rochester, first pul)lislied a card otfering his services as physician 
to the public March 6, 1850. . . . Dr. A. L. S. Morand, late assistant 
hospital surgeon United States army, aimounces himself ready to cure 
the ills of flesh in Freedom, January 4, 1805. . . . Dr. T. L. Harper, 
formerly of New Castle, removed to Beaver, and practiced there in 
April, 1850. . . . Dr. R. C. Tuttlepracticedas an Indian ])hysiciau at 
New Brighton in Xovember, 1850. . . . Dr. W. J. Wilson made his 
fii'st appearance in New Brighton, as a practicing ])liysician, August 29, 
1849. . . . Dr. Joseph Cam])l)ell ju-acticed in Hookstown and vicinity 
after July 3, 1819, when his name first appeared to the public. 

Dr. I. Christopher Muller, homeopathic ])hysician, Bridgewater, 
announces, October 5, 1838, that his "doses are small, agreeable and 
palatable; and that he ins])ects patient's \\'ater as a basis of successful 
prognosis of the case." 

Dr. M. Wilson ap])eared in Greersburg as early as August 23, 1814, 
"practicing medicine and selling same." . . . Dr. A. P. Dutcher 
appears in the Argus as an author of articles on his specialties of physi- 
ology and phrenology, in ls43. He was a resident of New Brighton, 
and was a prominent member of the Beaver County Medical Society, 


being at one time its president. . . . Dr. R. C. "Wier, of Phillipsburg, 
announces in a card published June 6, 18-I-9, his intention of remaining 
in that locality for several years. He adopts the laudable motto of 
"No cure, no pay." 

Beaver Vonntij Med'ical Soelefij. — The (organization of this society 

is tluis descril)ed in its, minutes: 

BEAVKit. November 23, 1855. 
Pursuant to a call made through the county papers, a number of physicians met 
at the ottice of O. & S. Cunningham, for the ptirpose of organizing a Heaver county 
medical society . After the usual preliminaries the society was permanently organized by 
the election of the following officers: President, O. Cunningham; vice-presidents, George 
W. Allison and Joseph Linnenbrink; recording secretary, David Minis Jr.; corre- 
sponding secretar}', David Stanton; treasurer, Smith Cunningham; censors, George W. 
Allison, David Stanton and David Minis Jr. 

A committee on constitution was appointed, consisting of Doctors S. 
Cunningham, Dickson and Stanton, which, on December 29, 1855, 
reported and had ado})ted the present constitution of the society. 

The first meetings of the society were held in the hotels of the 
county, and alternated with more or less regularity between Beaver, 
jS'ew Brighton, Eochester and Economy. The first delegates from this 
society to the state medical convention \vere Doctors O. Cunningham 
and D. S. Marquis; to the national medical convention, the first dele- 
gate was Dr. David Stanton. 

Following will be found a list of the successive officers of the 
society, with mention of important events in its history: Second officers: 
President. Geo. W. Allison; vice-presidents, D. S. Marquis and John 
E. Miller; recording secretary, D. ]\Iinus Jr.; C()rres])onding seci-etary, 
Wm. Stanton; treasurer, S. Cunningham. Tlnnl (fficerfc President, 
Joseph Linnenbrinlv; vice-presidents, John R. Miller and Isaac Minis; 
recording secretary, D. Minis Jr.; corresponding secretary, D. Stanton; 
treasurer, S. Cunningham. Fourth officers, elected January fo, 1S61: 
President, D. S. Marquis; vice-])residcnts, Joseph Linnenbrink and Dr. 
Hezles; secretary, 1). Stanton; treasurer, S. Cunningiiam. Juf/h 
offi-cers, elected January 9. 1862: I^-esident, Geo. AV. Allison; vice- 
presidents, P. M. Iverr and A. P. Dutcher; secretary, Isaac Winans; 
treasiu'er, S. Cunningham. Si.rf/t officers, elected January 8, 1863: 
President, A. P. Dutcher; vice-presidents, S. P. Cummings and D. S. 
Marquis; secretary, Isaac Winans; treasurer, S. Cunningham. Seventh 
officers, elected January li, 1S61: President, W. W. Simpson; vice- 
presidents, P. M. Kerr and Thomas Donehoo; secretary, Isaac Winans; 
treasurer, D. S. Manpiis. EUjhth officers, elected January 12, 1865: 
President, S. P. Cummings; vice-presidents, D. McKinney and E. S. 


Winans; secretary, Isaac AYinans; treasurer, I). !S. JNIarquis. JV/'iit/i 
officers, elected January 12, 18(50: President, S. M. Eoss; vice-presi- 
dents, I. E. Jackson and A. L. S. Morand; secretary, Isaac Winans; 
treasurer, Benjamin Feiclit. Te/i//i ajjicrrs, elected January 10, 1867: 
President, David Stanton; vice-presidents, "W. J. Langfitt and L. M. 
Cummins; secretary, J. E. Jackson; treasurer, Benjamin Feicht. 
Eleventh officers, elected January 9, 1868: President, W. J. Langtitt; 
vice-presidents, Isaac Winans and T. G. McPherson; secretaiy, J. E. 
Jackson; treasurer, Benjamin Feielit. Ticelfth officers, elected January 
14, 1869: President, 1). JMcKinney; vice-presidents, W. C. Sluirlock 
and J. S. Elliot; secretary, J. E. Jackson; treasurer, Benjamin Feiclit. 
Thirteenth officers, elected January 13, 1870: President, James E. 
Jackson; vice-presidents, T. G. McPherson and I). S. Marquis; secre- 
tary, D. Stanton; treasurer, Isaac AVinans. Fourteenth officers, elected 
Jiinuary 12, 1871: President. G. W. Langfitt; vice-])resi(lents, D. S. 
Maripiis and G. Y. Boal; secretary, I). Stanton; treasure!', Isaac Win- 
ans. Fifteenth officers, elected January 11, 1872: President, B. F. 
Feicht; vice-presidents, D. S. Marquis and Charles Foerstige; secre- 
tary, J. S. Elliot; ti'easurer, Isaac Winans. Sixteenth officers, elected 
January 9, 1873; President, Charles Foerstige; vice-presidents, D. 
McKinney and G. Y. Boal; secretary and treasurer, Isaac Winans. 
Secenteenth officers, elected January 8, 187-t: President, D. S. Marquis; 
viceqn'esidents, Jose])li Lawrence and Joseph Langfitt; secretary and 
ti'easurer, Isaac Winans. Eighteenth officers, elected April S, 1875: 
President, W. J. Langtitt; vice-presidents, D. McKinney and G. Y. 
Boal; secretary and treasurer, Isaac Winans. Nineteenth officers, elected 
January 13, 1876: President, J. S. Elliot; vice-j)residents, I). S. Mar- 
quis and Benjamin Feicht; secretary and treasurer, Isaac Winans. 
Twentieth officers, elected January 11, 1877: President, D. McKinney; 
vice-presidents, G. Y. Boal and J. C. Temple; secretary, Isaac Winans; 
treasurer, D. S. Marquis; delegate to American Medical Association, 
W. J. Langfitt. Tcenty-first efficers, elected January 9, 1879: Presi- 
dent, W. J. Langtitt; vice-president, II. S. McConnel; secretary, S. A. 
Craig; treasurer, D. S. Marquis; delegates to state medical society, H. 
S. McConnel and Dr. Ban-. Ttcenty-second officers, elected January 8, 
1880 : President, H. S. McConnell ; vice-president, J. 11. Wilson; secre- 
tary, S. A. Craig; treasurer, D. S. Marquis. Twenty-thinl officers, 
elected January 13, 1881: President, J. C. Temple; vice-presidents, B. 
Feicht and G. Y. Boal; secretary, J. H. Wilson; treasurer, D. S. Marquis.* 

* On October l:), tlie constitution was amended so as to allow the society to meet 
monthly instead of quarterly, as heretofore. 



Ticenty fourth officers, elected Januai-y 12. 1882: President. W. H. 
Grim: vice-presidents, C. T. Gale and "W. S. Eamsey: secretary. Theo. 
P. Simpson; treasurer, D. S. Marquis. Ticeniy-jiflh officers, elected 
January 11, 1883: President, S. A. Craig: vice-presidents, J. H. Wil- 
son and Theixlore P. Simpson ; secretary. "VT. S. Ramsey: treasurer, D. 
S. Marquis. Tventy-sieth officers, elected January 10, 1884: President, 
J. H. Wilson; vice-presidents, "W". C. Simpson and H. S. McConnel; 
secretary, J. K. White; treasurer. D. S. Marquis. Tirentt/seventh offi- 
cers, elected January 10, 1885: President, Theodore P. Simpson; vice- 
presidents.W. H. Grim and Joseph D. McCarter; secretary. T. C. Gale; 
treasurer, D. S. Marquis. Twenty-eighth officers, elected January 14, 
1886: President, W. C. Simpson; vice-presidents. C. T. Gale and W. 
J, Langfitt; secretary, C. E. Jackson; treasurer. D. S. ilarquis. Ticenty- 
ninth officers, elected January 13, 1887: President. D. S. Marquis; 
vice-presidents. H. S. McConnel and J. K. White; secretary. J. D. 
McCarter : treasurer. T. P. Simpson : censors : J, H. Wilson, W. C. 
Simpson and G. Y. Boal; auditoi-s: J. K. White and C. E. Jack- 
son; intelligence committee: T. P. Simpson. W. C. Simpson. H. S. 
McConnel, J. H. Wilson and W. J. Langfitt; delegates to state medi- 
cal society: D. S. Mai-quis and T. P. Simpson. 

Following is a list of all the membere of the society up to 1884, 
with dates of their admission: 

Oliver Cunningham. . 

Xov. 2:3, 


David S . Marquis . . . 



Smith Cunningham. . 



Isaac Winans 



David Minis .Jr 



Geo. W. Allison .... 



David Stanton 



Joseph Linnen brink. 


Joseph H. Dickson.. 



Wm. Stanton 

• April 10, 


John R. Miller 

July 10, 


David Elder 

Jan. 13, 


P. B. Young 

April 12, 


P. M. Kerr 

Jan. 10. 


W. J. Langlitt 

.July 11, 


A. P. Dutcber 

Julv 11. 


S. P. Cummins 

Julv 10 


S. M. Ross 



W. W. Simpson 


Thomas Donehoo . . . 


I. S. AVinans 


D. McKinnev 


A. M. Anderson . . Jan. 14, 

J. E. Jackson Oct. 13, 

Frank F. Davis July 13, 

A. C. Barlow Oct. 12, 

Benjamin Feicht .... " 

A. L. S. Morand 

G. W. Lsingfitt Feb. S, 

O. S. Cunningham.. 

.1. M. Cummings April 12, 

W. L. Morrow May 10, 

J.S.Elliot June 14, 

W. C. Shurlock Jan. 10, 

T. G. McPherson. . . . 

A. W. Acheson July 11. 

Hiram Xye Xov. 14, 

G. T. Boal July 9, 

Charles Foerstige March 11, 

Joseph Lawrence.... April 10, 

E. A. Hepburn Sept. 11, 

James Temple July 13, 

John Venn Oct. 11. 

H. S. McConnel 









Stephen A. Craig... July 11, 1878. W.C.Simpson luly 14, 1881. 

JamesA. Barr Jan.!), 1879. C. T. Gale 

James McPheters . . . " " W. II. Grim " " 

J.H.Wilson April 10, " W. S. Ramsey 

W. J. Riggs ()ct. 9, " James Scroggs, Jr... " " 

T. P. Simpson Jan. 13, 1881. J. K. White Oct. 13, 

Tlie present member.s of the society are as follows : 

G. Y. Boal, C. T. Gale, S. A. Craig, 

W. H. Grim, B. Feicht, W. J. Langfitt, 

D. S. Marquis, J. D. JlcCarter, B. A. Vance, 

H. S. McConnell, J. K. White, W. C. Simpson, 

J. H. Wilson, J.B. Crombie, T.P.Simpson, 

U. S. Strouss, C. E. Jackson, G. Warburton, 

H. M. Sheelenberger. 

The following is a list of physicians in Beaver county, who have 
registered in the office of the county prothonotary, in the order of 
record. The law requires a number of facts to be stated. In the fol- 
lowing list, the order })ursued is, the name of the ])hysician, date of 
registration, place of nativity, residence, degrees, (1) medical, (2) other, 
place of continuous ]iractice since 1S71, and. if deceased, date of death. 

Joseph Lawrence, June 30, 1881; Ilookstowni, Beaver county'. Pa.; 
Beaver; M. D. from University Pennsylvania, March li, 1872; Beaver 
county, died April 8, 1887, in Pittsburgh. 

AVilliam J. Ptiggs, Jnly 1, 1881; AVashington county. Pa.; M. D. 
from Jetierson JMedical College, Philadelphia, March, 1872; served as 
Assistant Surgeon in United States Navy; removed to Allegheny, 
April. 1882. 

Jefferson 11. Wilson, July 11, ISSl; Beavei-, Pa.; Beaver; M. D. 
from Bellevue Hos}Mtal Medical College, New York, 1876; certificate 
from Medical Board, Philadelphia Hospital, 1873-74; Beaver county, 
since 187*5. 

Christian I. Wendt, July 15, 1881; Pittsburgh, Pa.; New Brighton, 
Pa.; M. D. from St. Louis College Homeopathic Physicians and Sur- 
geons, March 1, 1871. 

Joseph W. Miller, August 18, 1871; Finleyville, Washington 
county. Pa.; Beaver, Pa.; M. D. from Jefferson -Medical College, Phila- 
delphia, March 9, 1867; A. B. from Jefferson College. Pennsylvania, 
August 29, 1861; Allegheny county, Mercer county, Beiiver county, 
since 1873. 

John N. Calhoun, July 26, 18S1; Georgetown, Beaver county; 


Roclipster, Pa.; M. D. from "Western Ueserve College, Cleveland, Ohio, 
March 6, 1S76; Fairfield, Ohio, 1874-75, Elkton, 187(5-81, Itochester, Pa. 

E. A. Moon, July 28, 1881; Eensselaer county. X. Y.; Beaver Falls, 
Pa., Beaver county, since autumn 1845. 

J. Hob. Lockhart, July 30. 1881; Hanover township, Beaver county; 
Freedom, Pa.; M. D. from Cincinnati College Medicine and Surgery, 
June 30, 1870; Fi'eedom, Beaver county. 

James Scroggs. Jr., August 1, 1881; Franklin township, Allegheny 
county; Beaver, Pa.; M. I), from Cincinnati College Medicine and Sur- 
gery, June 23, 1872; Beaver count}' since June 23, 1872. 

H. H. Dandson, August 2, 1881; Beaver county; New Scottsville, 
Hopewell township; M. D. from Western Reserve Medical College, 
Cleveland, Ohio, July 1, 1876; New Scottsville since July 1, 1876. 

David C. Jordan, August 2. 1881; Allegheny county; New Brighton, 
Pa.; M. D. from Eclectic Medical Institute, Cincinnati, Ohio. January 
26, 1875; "Westmoreland count}' up to 1880; since, in New Brighton. 

D. H. Hillman. April 3, 1882; Ohio: Rochester. Pa.; M. D. from 
Kentucky School of Medicine, June 28, 1881; certificate by Dean Jeffei- 
son Medical College, Philadelphia, indorsing diploma, March 29, 1882. 

P. D. Liscomb, August 9, 1881; iiurtland, Vt.; Beaver Falls, Pa.; 
M. D. from Homeopathic College, Cleveland. Ohio. September. 1867. 

John C. Levis. August 13, 1881; Butler county. Pa.; Bridgewater, 
Pa.; M. D. from Medical Department "Western Reserve College. Cleve- 
land, Ohio, 1851-2; Beavei- county, for twenty-tive years. exce]>t four 
years service as Surgeon U. S. A.; died July 5i6. 1886. in Bridgewater. 

George S. Boyd, August 13, 1881; Beaver county. Pa.; Beaver 
Falls, Pa.; M. D. from Cleveland Homeo])athic College. February. 1880; 
Beaver Falls, since April 12, 188(i. 

William Curtis Simpson, August 17. 1881; Wyandotte. Ohio; New 
Brighton. Pa.; M. D. from Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New 
York, March 1. 1873; New Brighton, since April 1, ls7;i 

AV. H. Gi'im. August 17, 1881; New Sewickley township, Beaver 
count}-; Beaver Falls, Pa.; M. D. from Jefferson Medical College, 
Philadelphia. March 12. 1869; M. D. on ISIedical Staff United States 
army and navy; Beaver Falls, since autumn, 1869. 

Theodore Parker Simpson, August 17, 1881; New Brighton, Pa.; 
Beaver Falls, Pa.; M. D. from Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New 
York, March 1, 1877; Beaver Falls, since June, 1877. 

David Stewart Marquis. August 18, 1S81; Beaver. Pa.; Rochester, 
Pa.; M. D. fi-om Ohio Medical College, March 0, 1845; Beaver countv. 

'-^ y. ujtt^zc 


James Craig Temple, August IS, ISSl; Beaver county; Phillips- 
burg, Pa.; M. I), from Eclectic Medical Institute, Cincinnati, Oliio, 
Mav 7, 1878; studied surgery in Mansfield, Ohio, attended Medical 
Department Western Reserve College, and graduated fi'om Western 
Eeserve University with dijiloma indorsed by Faculty Medical Depart- 
ment, March 28, 1883; Phillipslmrg, since July, 1878. 

Hiram S. McConnell. August 19, 1881; Freedom, Pa.; Kew 
Brighton, Pa.; M. D. from Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New 
York, March 1, 1875; New Brighton, since March, 1875. 

Matilda Fishier, August 10, 1881; Germany; Rochester township; 
Beaver Falls and Bolesville, Rochester township. 

J. S. Elliott, August 20, 1881; Trumbull county, Ohio; Beaver 
Falls. Pa.; attended Starling Medical College, Columlius, Ohio; 
Beaver county, since spring of 1852. 

C. T. Gale, August 2o, 1881; Washington county. Ohio; New 
Brighton, Pa.; M. D. from Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 
March 12, 1878; Parkersburg, W. Va., Missouri, Beaver county, since 
December, 1S8(>. 

James G. Thompson, August 22, 1881; Allegheny City, New 
Brighton, Pa.; M. D. from Hahnemann ]\[edical College, Philadel])hia, 
March 2, 1872; Allegheny county. Pa.; Columbiana county, Ohio; Bea- 
ver coimty, since April 1, 1881. 

Thomas G. Boyd, August 28, 1881; Marion county, Ohio; Black 
Hawk, Pa. 

William S. Ramsey, August 25, 1881; Frankfort Springs, Beaver 
county, Bridgewater, Pa.; Western Reserve College, f-leveland, Ohio, 
September 21, 1877; Allegheny county; Beaver county, from June, 
1879 to April, 1885; Middleton, Allegheny county, since. 

A. J. Pyle, August 2*;, 1881; Salem county, N. J.; New Galilee, 
Pa.; Greensburg, Westmoreland county, Lawrence county. Armstrong 
county, since in Beaver county, in all, over thirty years. 

Ferguson Elliott, August 2C>, 1881; Washington county, Pa.; Ohio 
township. Beaver county: Butler county, 1848-75, Beaver county 

Henry A. Burns, August 29. 1881; Washington county. Pa.; Frank- 
fort Springs, Beaver county; M. D. from Medical Dej^artment Univer- 
sity, city of New York, February. 1880; Frankfort Springs, since 
April, 1880. 

S. James Ilindman, August 29, 1881; Brooke county, W. Ya.; 
I'rankfort Si)rings, l^i.; M. D. from College Physicians and Surgeons, 


Baltimore, Md.. March 1, 1881; Frankfort Springs since June 1, 1881. 

Samuel T. Hamilton. August L^9, 1881; Calcutta, Ohio; George- 
town. Pa.: Western Reserve College. Department Medicine. 18i9-50. 

WiDiam D. McFheeters, August 29, 1881; Hanover township, 
Beaver county: Huokstown, Beaver county; "Western Reserve College, 
Cleveland, Ohio, February 1, 1S70; llookstown, since April IT, 1872. 

John Bryan, August 29, 1881; Washington county, Pa., January 1, 
1828: Moon townshi]), Beaver county: M. D. from Homeopathic Col- 
lege, Cleveland, Ohio, February', 1860; Beaver county, since Februarv, 

William Raymer, August 29. 1881; New Brighton. Pa.; Beaver 
Falls, Pa.; M. D. from Homeopathic College, Cleveland, Ohio, Febru- 
ary, 1878; Beaver Falls, since graduation. 

T. G. McPherson, August 31, 1881: Allegheny county. Pa.; Beaver 
Falls, Pa.; M. D. from Cleveland Med icaf College, 1863-04; Baden, 
Beaver county, Allegheny county, Enon Valley, Lawrence county, 
Charleston, W. Ya.; Beaver Falls, since October, 1866. 

Stephen A. Craig, August 31, 1881; Freedom, Pa.; Freedom, Pa.; 
M. D. from Cincinnati College Medicine and Surgery, June 20, 1877; 
Freedom since. 

G. M. Xippert. September 2, 1881: Giirs, France: New Brighton, 
Pa.; M. D. from Homeopathic Medical College, St. Louis, March 3, 1873. 

James H. Ramsey, September 3, 1881; Beaver county, Pa.; Bridge- 
water, Pa.: Western Reserve College, Februarv, 1871; Beaver county 
since: physician to County Home. 

William A. Sawyer, September 3, 1881: Washington county. Pa.; 
Darlington, Pa.: University Wooster, Cleveland. Ohio. February 29, 
1872; Beaver county since. 

David K. Noss, September 0, 1881; Beaver county; Glasgow, Bea- 
ver county; Western Reserve College, Cleveland, ()hio. February, 
1880; Beaver county since. 

Benjamin Alexander Vance, September 7, 1881; Columbiana 
county, Ohio; Darlington, Pa.: M. D. from Miami Medical College, 
Cincinnati, Ohio, March, 1879; Darlington since. 

AVilliam A. McGeehorn, September 8, 1881; Beaver county, New 
Galilee, Pa.; University Wooster, Cleveland, Ohio, February 27, 1873. 

James K. AVhite, September S, 1881; Allegheny county; New 
Brighton, Pa.: University St. Louis, March 1, 1877; attended Cleveland 
Medical College, 1875-6; Washington county, 1877-80; Beaver county 


Ulysses S. Strouss, September 12, 1881; Beaver county; Fairview, 
Ohio township; M. D. from Medical Department "Western Reserve Col- 
lege, Cleveland, Ohio. February, 1ST3: Beaver county since graduation; 
now lives in Beaver, Pa. 

Solomon Frease, September 22, 1881; Somerset county. Pa.; New 
Brighton, Pa.; M. D. from Eclectic Medical College, Cincinnati, Ohio, 
February, 1854; New Brighton since 187Y. 

George Y. Boal. Se])tember 28, 1881: Venango county. Pa.; Baden, 
Beaver county; M. D. from Cincinnati College of Medicine and Sur- 
gery, July, 1870; Baden, since 186fi. 

Henderson J. Neely, October 10, 1881; Allegheny county; Union- 
ville. Pa.; M. D. from Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, March 
13, 1881; Penn township, Butler county, since May, 1881. 

James Thomas Sawyer, October 11, 1881; Darlington, Pa.; Dar- 
lington; University AVooster, Cleveland, Ohio, March 11, 1881; Dar- 
lington, since graduation. 

David McKinney, Jr., October 14, 1881; Center county, Pa.; New 
Brighton, Pa., M. D. from Jefferst)n Medical College, Philadelphia, 
spring of 1800. 

John S. Boyd, November 7, 1881; Beaver county; New Sheffield, 
Beaver county; M. D. from Homeopathic Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio, 
February 11, 1874. 

A. M. Anderson, November 10, 1881; Beaver county; Hookstown; 
"Washington county and Beaver coi;nty. 

Franklin D. Kerr, November 22, 1881; Hookstown, Pa.; Hooks- 
town; "Western Reserve College, Cleveland, Ohio, 1878; Green town- 
ship, since 1878. 

Alfred S. McCaskey, November 28, 1881; New Lisbon. Ohio; New 
Galilee, Pa,; M. D. Eclectic Medical Institute. Ciiuiniiati. Ohio, June 
7, 1881; New Galilee since March Ki. 1881. 

John D. Coffin, December 2, 1881; Newbury port, ^fass.; Home- 
wood, Pa. 

Judson M. Hazen. December 7, 1881: North Sewickley township, 
Beaver county; North Sewickley township; "Western Reserve College, 
Cleveland, Ohio, Fcbrnary 7, 1871. 

"William J.innenlirink, December 24, 1881; Beaver county; "Wall 
Rose, Beaver county; M. D. from ]\Iedical Department, Hudson Col- 
lege, February 29, 1873; Beaver county, since 1873. 

Jaines Scrojigs, Sr., March 11, 1882: "Washington countv. Pa.; Bea- 
ver. Pa.; l^nivei-sity of Ohio, Cincinnati, 1848; Pennsylvania, various 
parts, for over thirty-live years. 


Aaron T. Shallenberger, March l-t, 1S82; Mt. Pleasant, Pa.; Eoch- 
ester, Pa.; M. D. from Jeffei'son Medical College, Philadelphia, March 
24:, 1846; Rochester. 

James Barnes, March 14, 1882; Ohio townsliip, Peaver country; 
Bridgewater, Pa.; Washington University, Baltimore, Md., March, 
1849; attended Jefferson College. Bridgewater, since 18.")0. 

Horace M. Shallenberger, ]\[arch 14, 1882; Rochester, Pa.; Roches- 
ter; M. D. fi'om Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 1876; Roches- 
ter since. 

Walter A. Rose, March l.">. 1882; St. Thomas, Ontai'io; Rochester, 
Pa.; University of Buffalo, JS^. Y., February 26, 1867; Rochester and sur- 
rounding towns. 

Cyrus McConnell, March 20, 1882; Washington county. Pa.; Serv- 
ice, Pa.; Beaver count}', since 1868. 

P. M. Kerr, March 20, 1882; Beaver county: Rochester township; 
had practiced twenty-two years before registration; has since died. 

James B. Sliaw, March 20, 1882; Beaver county; Service, I5eaver 
county; Pennsylvania, in various ]>arts, since 1868. 

Luther Marcpiis. March 29, 1882; Washington county. Pa.; Van- 
port, Pa.; Commissariat Hospital Steward at Washington, D. C, Septem- 
ber 20, 1864; discharged October 21, 186.5; Pensylvania, since 1872. 

R. Stoinfield, March 29, 1882; Kossen, Europe; Xew Brighton, Pa.; 
Pennsylvania, various parts, since 1854. 

Richard J. Brittain. March 30, 1882; Beaver county; New Galilee, 
Pa.; M. I), from Jefferson Medical College. Philadel))l)ia, March 10, 

James Uptegraft, March 31, 1882; Allegheny county. Pa.: Bridge- 
water, Pa.; practiced since 1866. 

Joseph Scroggs, Aprill, 1882; Allegheny county Pa.; Beaver, Pa.; 
M. D. from Medical Department University of Pennsylvania, March 
12, 1877; Beaver county, since. 

James S. Louthan, April 29, 1882; Beaver county; Fairview, Pa.; 
M. D. from Medical Department Western Reserve College, Cleveland, 
Ohio, March 15, 1882; diploma indorsed by Secretary of University 
Pennsylvania, March 29, 1882. 

Joseph S. Howe, May 4, 1882; Allegheny county. Pa.; Industrv, 
Beaver county; M. D. from Philadel]iliia University of Medicine, 
Februai'v 25, 1868; Allegheny, Armstrong and Beaver counties. 

Mays S. Davis, May 2o, 1882, Moon township, Beaver county, 
Shippingport, Pa.; M. D. from Rush Medical College. Chicago, Febru- 


ary 21, 1882; certiiieate from Jefferson Medical f'ollege, Pliil;i(l('l|iliia, 
May 8, 1882. 

Henry C. AVatson, May 23, 1882; Alleglieny county. Pa.; Beaver- 
Falls, Pa.; M. I), from Medical Department Western Peserve Univer- 
sity, Cleveland, Ohio, March 1,"), 1S82; indorsed by iSecretaiy Medical 
Department University, of Pennsylvania, April 20, 1882. 

Silas E. Post, May 31, 1882; Washington, Pa.; New Brighton, Pa.: 
M. U. from Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, March, 1882. 

Geo. H. Smith, -Tune (>, 1882; Mercer county. Pa.; Ilochester, Pa. 
M. D. from Homeopathic Hosj)ital, Cleveland, Ohio, March 8, 1882; 
indorsed by Dean Hahnemann Medical College, Philadeliihla, March 
20, 1882. 

Alva L. Chapman, Se]itember 12, 1882; Ligonier, AVestmoreland 
county: Homewood, Pa.; M. D. from College of Ph\'sicians and Sur- 
geons, lialtimore, Md., March 4, 1879; practiced Ajjril, isT'.t — August, 

Ed. S. Franks. Se]itember 30, 1882; Manchester, England; Beaver 
Falls, Pa.; American University, Pennsylvania, April 27, 18(18; had 
practiced thirty-five years up to registration. 

AVilliam F. Sawhill, October 2(i, 1882; I'laysville, Washington 
county; Beaver Falls, Pa.; M. D. from Jefferson Medical College, Phil- 
adelphia, March 30, 1882. 

Archibald B. Tem])le, Api'il 7, 1883; Beaver county; Phillii)sl)nrg; 
M. D. from Medical Department Western Kesei've University, Cleve- 
land, Ohio, February 28, 1883; indorsed by Faculty Medical ['Uiver- 
sity, of Pennsylvania, JMarch 28, 1883. 

Joseph D. McCarter, Ma\' 11, 1883; Beaver county; Cliipi)e\va 
township, Beaver county; M. D. from Jefferson Medical College, Phila- 
delphia, April 2, 1883: has since removed to Beaver Falls, Pa. 

Granville Warburton, May 23, 1883; Canada; Phillipsburg, Pa.; 
M. I), from Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New York, Mai'ch 14, 
1883; indorsed bj' Dean Jeffer.son Medical College, Philadelphia, ]\Ia,y 
19, 1883. 

L. Brown ]\[eans, July G, 1883; Allegheny county. Pa.; Sewickley, 
Pa.; M. D. from Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, April 2, 1883. 

James E. Montgomery, August 6, 1883; Butler county. Pa.; Indus- 
try township, Beaver county; M. D. from Jefferson Medical College, 
Piiiladelphia. March 12, 1879. 

A. S. Moon, March 15, 1884; Ilookstown, Beaver county; Beaver 
Falls, Pa.; Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, February 27, 


1884; indorsed b}' Secretary Medical University, of Pennsylvania, March 
10, 1884. 

Samuel D. Sturgeon, Marcli 17, 1884; Noblestown, Allegheny 
county, Pa.; Beaver Falls, I^a.; M. D. from Medical Department West- 
ern Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, February 27, 1884. 

David Mowry, April 19, 1884; near Dayton, Oliio; New Brighton, 
Pa.; Vanderbilt University, Tennessee, March, 1884 ; was Professor 
of Anatomy in Meharry Medical College, Nashville, Tenn., 1880-84. 

John B. Crombie,"july L>2. 1884; Allegheny City; New Slieliield, 
Pa.; University of Maryland, March 15, 1883; indorsed Ijy .Tetferson 
Medical College. Philadelphia, May 22. 1884. 

Andrew B. Mercer, November 25, 1884; Hancock county, W. A"a.; 
Phillipsburg, Pa.; University of Michigan, June 26, 1884; indorsed by 
Dean Jefferson Medical (College, Philadel})hia. Octol)er 2(). 1884. 

H. C. Iseman, Februuiy 26, 1885; Westmoreland county. Pa.; 
Beaver, Pa.; had practiced up to registration more than ten years. 

F. AV. Johnson, April 14, 1885: Uam]iton, A'a.; Rochester, Pa.; 
had practiced in Philadelphia. 

Charles Elmer Jackson, May 2, 1885; Failston, Beaver county; 
Beaver, Pa.; M. D. from Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New York, 
March 9, 1885; indorsed by Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 
April 24, 1885. 

Samuel H. Anderson, May 4, 1885; near St. Louis, Mo.; Beaver, 
Pa.; M. D. from Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New York, March 
9, 1885; indorsed b}' Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, April 24, 

Samuel Logan AlcCulhnigh, May 18, 1885; Washington county, 
Pa.; Frankfort Springs, Pa.; University of City of New Yoi-k, July, 
1883; indorsed b}^ Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, September, 
1, 1883. 

Marshall Hartshorn, Octol^er 24, 1885; Darlington township, Bea- 
ver county; Bridgewater, Pa.; Beaver county. 

J. McGinnis Baiph, November 12, 1885; Butler county. Pa.; Bea- 
ver Falls, Pa.; M. D. from College of Medicine and Surgery, Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, June 21, 1877. 

John J. AVickham, November 12, 1885; Rochester, Pa.; Rochester; 
M. D. from Ohio Aledical College, March 25, 1885. 

Ferdinand Venn, Sr., March 6, 1886; Drieburg, Germany; Bridge- 
water, Pa.; was educated in Berlin; practiced in Pittsburgh; retired. 

John S. Jackson. A]iril 13, 1886; No)'th Sewickley, Beaver county; 


North Sewickle^-; Baltimore University, March -i, 1SS6; indorsed by 
Medical Chir. College, Philadelphia. 

Samuel H. Matherson, April 15, 1885; llimover townsiiip, Beaver 
county; Hookstown, Pa.; Medical College, Cleveland, Ohio, 1850-51; 
Butler county, 1851-70; Oakland county, Mich.; 1870-82; authorized 
by special order of court to practice in Beaver county. 

Henry J. Coyle, April 16, 1886; Pulaski township, Beaver county; 
Pulaski township; M. D. from .Totferson ]\re<lical College, Philadelphia; 
April 2, 1886. 

William 'Henry Craig, April 22, 1886; Freedom, Beaver county; 
Freedom; M. D. from College of Medicine and Surgery, Baltimore, 
Md., March 16, 1886; indorsed by Dean Medical Chir. College, Phila- 
delphia, March IS, 1886. 

George Purucke/, April 30, 18^6; Allegheny county. Pa.; Beaver 
Falls, Pa.; M. I), from College of Pliysicians and Surgeons, Baltimore, 
Md. ; March 15, 1886; indorsed by Medical Chir. College, Philadel- 
phia, March IS, 18>;6. 

Charles L. Campbell, May 4. 1886; Cross Creek township, Wash- 
ington county. Pa.; Frankfort, Pa.; M. D. from Jefferson Medical 
College, Philadelphia, April 2, 1886. 

Everett W. Sheets, May 12, 1886; East Palestine, CloJumbiana 
county, Ohio; Beaver Falls, Pa.; M. D. from Jefferson Medical College, 
Philadelphia, April 2, 1885. 

Kobert James Marshall, October 7, 1886; Big Beaver township, 
Beaver county; Ohioville, Pa.: AVestern Peserve University, Cleve- 
land, Ohio, Marcii 3, 1886; indorsed by Dean West, Pennsylvania 
Medical College; Darlington, with Dr. W. A. Sawyer. 

George W. J>eane, Februar}^ 16, 1887; Wellsville, Oiiio; Beaver 
Falls, Pa.; M. D. from Bellevue Hospital Metlical College, New York, 
March 14, 1883; Pittsburgh, after graduation. 

CHAPTER A' [11. 


Necessity of Educatioi? — Primitive Schools — The Common - School 
System of 1834 — Text Books^Teachees' Conventions — Early 
. Teachers — County Sdi'eeintendency — Teachers' Institutes — 
Colleges — Moravian Missionaries — Presbyterians — Episcopal- 
ians — Methodists — Lutherans — Baptists — United Brethren — 
Catholics — German Lltherans — Evangelical Association — 
Metikidist Protestants — Reformed , Presbyterians — Church of 
God — Christian Churcu^-Colored Churches. 

"TTXE must educate or we must perish, is a saying tliat has met the 
V V a])pi"oval of intelligent citizens everywhere. Schools well 
su|)poi'te(l and properly conducted are the cheap defense of nations. 
IIap])y is the land whose Hiarks show that the school-master is abroad. 
The education of the whole man, body, soul and spirit, is the panacea 
for most of the ills that afflict the cpnimonwealth. 

This truth was recognized- by the early inhabitants of Beaver 
county. The three structures that received their early care were a 
caliin for the family, a cabin for the church and a cabin for the school. 
In immy cases one structure answered all pur})oses for a time ; then 
the same answered for school and church. As time advanced the style 
of architecture improved, anti the equipments and conveniences were 
greatly multi])lied. Time and space forbid our drawing a picture of 
the old log school-house with wide-throated chimney, puncheon floor, 
slab seats and desks, greased j)aper for windows; occupied by a master 
with brawn}' muscle, his principal occupation being making pens out of 
(piills, " doing Av/w;.y," a[)plying the rod which stood ready in the corner ; 
the pupils, the hearty boys and girls of the neighborhood, dressed in 
plainest homespun, ;ind carrying their corn bread in little ijaskets, to 
be eaten at the noon hour; the textbooks consisting of Dillworth's or 
Webster's spelling book, the Bible, the Catechism, the English reader, 
the Columbian orator, the arithmetics of (4ough or Jess, or perchance 



Daboll's or Pike's, Murray's, or Kirkliain's graniinar. Those days, 
however, produced strong men and women. The graduates of those 
log colleges mastered their lessons well, and bequeathed rich legacies 
to posterity. Let their memories be revered for what tiiey did botli for 
tiiemselves and for future generations. 

Tlie order of advance was first the private pay school ; then the 
public pay school ; then tlie academy or seminai-y, and histly the public 
free school. It toolc time, and nujney, and patience, and more — earnest 
t-ffort to reacii the last. Oppositiim had to be encountered. Those 
not liberally educated themselves were averse to being taxed for the 
education of others. The efforts of General Lacock, Dr. Pollock and 
others of like character were required to convince the people that the 
public-school sj'stem was not only the best, but the cheapest for all 
classes. It equalized the Inirdens of society, and was the true safe- 
guard of republican institutions. Progress, of course, was made 
slowly. The victory, however, was won at last; and school-houses of 
an improved character, occupied with better furniture and more intelli- 
gent and efficient teachers, sprang up in every neighborhood. 

Fortunately we have lieen al)le to find a few reports in the public 
press to show liow these results were reached. The act of the assem- 
bly establishing the free schools of the commonwealth was approved 
by the governor Ajiril 1, 1834. Under its provisions the first election 
for school directors in each district was held on the third Friday of 
September following; and on the first Tuesday of November was 
appointed a joint meeting in each county of a delegate from the several 
boards of school dii-ectors and the county commissioners, for the pur- 
pose of deciding whether <ir not a tax should be levied for the support 
of schools. 

In conformity with the act aforesaid, there was held at Beaver on 
the first Tuesday of November, 1834, a joint meeting of the delegates 
from the several districts of the county and the county commissioners. 
The delegates were William Morton, North Sewickley ; James 
Mackall, Green; Andrew Calhoun, Big Beaver; David Gordon, Han- 
over ; James Irons, Hopewell ; Robert Nevins, Moon ; William Sheerer, 
Ohio; Thomas Billinum, Little Beaver ; John K. Fostei-, North Beaver; 
Samuel Kennedy, Raccoon ; John Douglass, South Beaver ; James Alli- 
son, Borough ; James Scott, Ghippewa, ; Enos Hill, Economy ; Thomas 
Alford, Shenango; John Piersol, New Sewickley ; Archibald Robinson, 

The county commissioners at the time were Solomon Bennett, 


David Somers and James Scott. William Morton \v;is chosen chair- 
man, and Riciiard II. Agnew secretary. 

It was (1) moved by John K. Foster and seconded l)y John Doug- 
lass, "that a tax be assessed and levied according to tlie provisions of 
the act of assembly." Carried ; and (2) Moved by James Allison, and 
seconded bv John Douglass, that the sum of $3,727.26 be fixed, and 
that the commissioners be requested tcj assess and fix that amount. 
This was carried too. Thus began the common-school system in the 

School systems are not self-e.xecuting. They neeil to be put into 
operation by intelligent and efficient agents. "We give a list of school 
inspectors for Beaver county, appointed by the court at December 
term, 1834: Borough fovmi^hij) — Daniel Agnew, Hiram S. Stow; 
Moon — Joseph Phillis, William Elliott; Ilojiewell — David Scott, 

Thomas Bryan; Hanover — John Ilarshe, Patton; Green — Dr. 

M. Lawrence, William McHorg, Jr.; Olilo — Dr. John Clark, George 
Dawson; Br'xjldon — William Scott, Robert Potter ; Borough of Fall - 
ston — Dr. E. K. Chamberlin, A. W. Townsend; CliippevKi — Captain 
W. B. Osmon, Joseph Xiblock ; Sonth Beavr — John Martin, Esq., 
John McNickle; Little Beaver — Rev. George Scott, Dr. Joseph Fra- 
zier; Big Beaver — Rev. David Imbrie, Richard D. Hudson ; North 
Beaver — Rev. James A¥ right, William AUsworth ; Shenango — Rev. 
Robert Semple, Rev. A. Murray; North SeivicUeg — Dr. Robert Cun- 
ningham, J. A. Benson ; Economy — John Hull, William Knox ; Neio 
y&t02cA'% ^-Edward Hoops, Matthew Cliamplain. 

Now came the time for opposition. There were then as now some 
who insisted that the present order of things was good enough, and that 
any change is likely to be fraught with dire consequences. 

In Ohio township a public meeting was called Feltruar}' 19, 1835, 
at which William Rayl was chairman, to consider the question : " Is 
the old system of education in this commonwealth preferable to the 
new ? " George Dawson was appointed foreman to lead the affirmative 
and Christopher Bowen the negative. All favorable to the two sides, 
respectively, were requested to stand up. The affirmative had but Mr. 
Dawson, and the negative had seven su])porters. Owing to the inequal- 
ity of the forces, tlie discussion was postponed. 

In South Beaver a public meeting was held Februar}' 15, 1835, to 
consider school matters. James Johnston was chosen chairman, and 
George McElhenny and Dr. James Young secretaries. Mr. John 
Douglass, being called upon to state the object of the meeting, made 


some telling remarks on the benetits of a general system of public 
education, and then read a conjoint letter from the representatives in 
the assembly. General Abner Lacock and Dr. Jose]ih Pollock. From 
it the following significant extracts are taken : " In the first place we 
express our great satisfaction in learning that our fellow citizens of 
South Beaver township have been and are alive to the great, the 
im])ortant subject of general education. We are proud to repre- 
sent a people who liave patriotism enough, and sufficient regard 
for the weal and the character of posterity, to subject themselves to 
some inconvenience and some additional and i)erhaps, in some cases, 
unequal burdens for the benefit of the poor in this age, and of all 
classes, in all time to come. The present school law is no doubt in 
some parts imperfect, as all systems may Ite expected to be ; but will the 
people of Pennsylvania without trial, without giving time to repeal or 
modify its oljjectionable provisions, demand that it shall be totally 
repealed and abolished ^ "Will they at once Ijlast the wishes and hopes 
of universal education '. AVill they conij)el iis, their representatives, to 
disregard the voice that calls to us from the graves of our fathers — the 
solemn, the inqjerlnus recpiisitions of the Constitution which Ave have 
sworn to support * What says the constitution '. ' The legislature 
SHALL, AS SOON as Conveniently may be, jirovide by law for the cv/r/ZV/.v/'- 
merit of sehoolx tJiroiu/hinit the state, in such manner that the ]ioor may 
be taught oEATis.' ' They shall — as soon.' Is forty-five years too soon 'i 
We think not. We are willing, nay anxious, that the school law of last 
session may be amended, not destroyed. . . . Without objecting to 
what Jias been done for the encouragement of a liberal or classical edu- 
cation, we only ask that something effectual may at length be done to 
secure to the poor of this and succeeding ages the benefits of a common 
education ! Is this unreasonable ? Surely not." 

The meeting adopted a series of ringing resolutions indorsing the 
common-school system. One of them reads thus : " We view with 
sentiments of abhoi-rence and disgust the efforts of those opposed to a 
system of general education; and consider their attempts at its sub- 
version as a conspiracy against our social interest — a disgrace to patri- 
otism, and an outrage on suffering humanity — equally 0])posed to 
sound morals, and the dictates of the Christian religion." 

It may be of some interest to know what text-books were used in 
the olden times. Tiiose used in IS-tl were as follows : Cobb's Speller, 
First, Second and Third Readers and Sequel; Western Calculator; 
Village and Parley's Geographies ; Hale's Prem. History of the United 


States; Elementary Speller; Uniteil States Spelling Eook ; English 
Eeader ; Kirkham's Grammar ; Frost's History ; Missouri Harmonist ; 
Emerst)n's Headers and Huntingdon's Geography and Atlas. 

Tli(> lirst regular county teachers' association of which any record 
was found was called by S. L. Coulter and Hugh Anderson, to meet at 
the Academy Hall in licaver. Novemlier '.>, 1.S44. It was jireliminary 
to the formation of a regular organization. Dr. A. P. Dutclier, of 
New Brighton, delivered an address. 

At the next meeting hekl in Beaver, January 4, 1S4.'), with ^Yilliam 
Reed as secretary, the following text-books were ado[)ted and recom- 
mended for use : Davies' Aiithmetics ; Mitchell's Geographies ; Ros- 
well C. Smith's (irammar: Cobb's Xew Speller; "Willard's United 
States History, and Parley's Commom School History. 

How long this organization maintained its vitality does not ajjjiear. 
It was transient, however, for on the fith of April, 18.50, a meeting of 
teachers was held in theijublic school-house in llocliester to organize a 
county teachers' association. H. B. Anderson was chosen chairman, 
and J. McGowan secretary. Two things were done : 1. A temporary 
organization was effected. 2. Tlie Pennsylvairia 7eac/ie):s^ ^lagazine, 
published by IJev. J. J. Buchanan, was commended as a valuable auxil- 
iary in the cause of education, and urged upon teachers. 

On tlie 20tli of April following, the association' met at Beaver 
academy and formed a ))ornianent organization with appropriate con- 
stitution and b_y-laws. The election of officers resulted as follows : 
President, P. L. Grim ; vice-president, H. ]!. Anderson ; recording 
secretary, J. McGowan; corresponding secretary, Z. Bliss; treasurer, 
J. McElrath; executive committee, W. Y. ibown, A. H. Lackey, J. P. 
Reed, P. L. Grim and J. G. Bliss. 

The next report of a meeting represents the society in a session at 
New Brighton, January 10, 1852, as taking advance grounds. Its 
members discussed with considerable ardor tlie two following proposi- 
tions : 

(1) Itesoleed, That uii I'ducalion that dues tiol cinbrace the full developmeut of 
the moral as well as the physk-al and intellectual powers, is unworthy of the support of 
a Christian community. 

(2) Itesolred, That the Bible should be read daily in all our schools, and the 
pupils instructed in the general principles of Christianity. 

It is to be regretted tiiat no record has been kejit of the early 
teachers in the county — those faithful workers whose sacrifices joined 
hand in iiand with the early land picmeers and early preachers. From 


various sources a few facts have been gathered relative to some of 

David Johnson, as will be seen by reference to the sketcli of 
Beaver borough, was one of the earliest teachers in the county, and 
probably one of the most highly educated in his time. His im))ress 
was made upon Beaver academy, and througii it upon many of the 
leading citizens of the community. He died in J3eaver, March 6, 1837, 
ageil ninetv vears. His dust slumbers in the old Beaver g-ravevard, 
but his memory remains green in the lives of those whom he instructed. 
In the same cha})ter already referred to occurs a brief account of one 
of the early and faithful lady teachers, Helen Catlett. 

Eev. Thomas E. Hughes, the projector of Greersburg academy, 
was a pioneer teacher in Beaver county. His molding stamp was left 
upon that institution of learning which has turned out many prominent 
men and women, among wlioni was Dr. W. H. iMcGuffey, the author of 
the most i)opular series of readers ever published in America. 

On the south side, Eev. George Scott, of the Mill Creek church, 
was a teacher in various capacities, who influenced and fashioned public 
sentiment upon religious, educational and reformatory (piestions. 
John Harshe, subsequently a public official of note, was as early as 
ISIO a prominent guide of the young in his region round nbout the 
present village of Harshaville. In the same vicinity lived anil taught 
an Englishmen by the name of Mulholland, who was considered a 
superior instructor. Mrs. Elizabeth Shillito. of Beaver, now in her 
eiglity-fifth year, has in her possession a picture of four liirds executed 
by Mr. Mulholland witli his skillful goose-quill pen, and presented to 
her as a prize for good spelling, on Christmas day, 1S12. James Pollock, 
a year or two later, performed pedagogical duties also in the same field. 

In what was Little Beaver township, John Boyles taught as early 
as 1800. In ISOS Joshua Hartshorn, a popular bachelor, taught in the 
southwest part of the township. He taught the alphabet by means of 
sticks — one cut in the shape of '• d " would, by changing it in various 
ways, represent b, p, and (j. He was succeeded by Joshua Newell and 
Sampson Dilworth. 

Richard Johnston was one of the first teachers in Big Beaver. 
Eol)ert Grandyand Robert Laughlin were teachers in 1815-20 in what 
is now Wayne township, Lawrence county, then a ])art of Beavei-. 

In 1805 an Irishman, named John Kerr, taught near the present 
Beaver county line, in Perry townshij). He, too, was then a Beaver 
pedagogue. He was a good-heai'ted man, but not ]M)])ular. His pro- 


miiu-iiitioii was faulty. In the same re<,n()ii, Andi-ew Elliott tanght, 
about 1S12. in a iiouse built on land owned by himself. The location 
was decided by choosing between two sites, the successful one to have 
the most children. Robert Ailcen decided the matter by jiromising to 
send live to the Elliott ])lace. Children were then dressed in blue lin- 
sey, and were known as the "Eight-tract IMues." Samuel Sterrett, 
(known as " Master Sterrett,") an Irishman, James II. Van Gorder and 
John nines were also early teacliers in that ])art of the county. 

In North r>eaver, three ])romiiient teachers, about lSor>-7, were 
James Leslie, Peter Boss and Tliomas iMc^Fillan. 

Shenango townshi]) was represented in its ])riniitive days by Cor- 
nelius Stafford, an Englisinnan, who seems to have taught all over 
Beaver county. He was quick-tempered, and noted for the omission 
of the letter "h" in ])rononucing words. Other teachers in those early 
days (1805-1.")) wei'e John Gibson, James Leslie, James McCallaherand 
William Arnold. 

In Slippery rock, Jehu Lewis, a Virginian, taught l)etween ISOS 
and 1812, about three miles from the present town oi Princeton. "Will- 
iam Wigton taught as early as 1815. 

In what is now Pattei-son township two quaker ladies, Mary 
Townsend and Mary Reeves, taught successfully as early as 1806. In 
1839 Lemuel G. Olnistead. A. M., was princijial of what was called the 
lirighton Institute. In 1850, S. A. Curtis was of the New 
Brighton Female Seminary. Both these gent liMuen are represented as 
having been efficient instructors. 

One of the efficient steps in })romoting educational progress, not 
only in the county but in the state, was the establishment of county 
supei'vision in 1^54. It is in harmony with the sound doctrine that all 
enterprises, business, social, educational or governnuMital. need direc- 
tion — a governing ])ower. The peo|)le iiave seen these benetits, and 
would lie unwilling now to sacrihce or imjiair the system. 

As the direct result of the establishment of county supervi- 
sion, sprang u}) the second gi'eat agency of etlucational rei'oi'm, the 
Annual Teachers' Institute. Everywhere its value is recognized as an 
agency in stimulating educational enthusiasm and fostering a profes- 
sional s])irit. "While much has l)een done, much renuiins to be done to 
place the teacher's calling where it rightfully belongs — an honored and 
Avell-])aid profession whose ranks are filled with good men and women 
who have chosen teaching as their life work. 

Superadded to these humbler agencies, the influence of the acade- 


mies and colleges in the county, sketches of which are given under the 
boroughs to which they l)elong, must be recognized as stimulating a 
desire for the higher planes of learning and usefulness. Tiie three 
active ones of tliis class at jiresent iire Darlington Academy, Beaver 
Female College and Geneva College — all deserving and popular insti- 

Tlie lirst effort toward the establishment of religious worsliip, or 
the fonnding of religious congregations within the limits of the county, 
was made by the Monivian missionaries in 1770, a Ijody of men sent 
out by the United ])it't]n*en churcli to christianizx' the Indians in 
Western Pennsylvania and Ohio. George H. Loskiel has given a his- 
tory of their movements, and his work is referred to for fuller particu- 
lars than can be furnished in this sketch. 

Witii sixteen canoes, the congregation of Lawunakhannek, broken 
up A]jril 17, 1770, descended the Ohio past Pittsburgh to the mouth of 
the Big Beaver river. Proceeding up the stream to the falls, they were 
compelled to unload, and transport l)oth canoes and goods by land to 
their destination. After wearisome and distressing traveling, they 
finally located near New Castle and formed a settlement which was called 
Languntoutenuenk, or Freidenstadt, the " Town of Peace." The Indi- 
ans were actively engaged on tlieir plantations, and dwelt in l)ark huts. 
A large hut was built for religious meetings. Here the first congrega- 
tion was established, and on the 12th of June, 1770, the first baptism 
was performed, it being that of the wife of tlie blind Indian Chief, 

The white men who were the leaders in this missionary Avork were 
Rev. David Zeisl)erger and Rev. John Ettwein. They were ably 
assisted Ijy the Rev. Jolin lleckewelder, whose interesting narrative is 
a source of valuable and reliable information. He gives the rules of 
the congregation, Avliicii we take great pleasure in transcribing. They 
show that those early Indians were placed under sahitary restraints, 
which might be imposed at tiie present day with valuable results upon 
wliite con<);re";ations: 

(1) We will know of no other God, nor worship any other but Him who has cre- 
ated us, and redeemed us with His most precious l)lood. 

(2) We will rest from all labor on Sundays, and attend the usual meetings on that 
day for divine service. 

(H) We will honor father and mother, and support them in age and distress. 
(4) No one shall be permitted to dwell with us, without the consent of our teachers. 
(")) No thieves, murderers, drunkards, adulterers, and whoremongers shall be 
suffered among us . 


(6) No one that attendeth dances, sacrifices, or heathenisli festivals, can live among 

(7) No one using Trcltnppieh (or viitchcrafl) in hunting shall be sutfered among us. 

(8) We will renounce all .luggles, lies, and deceits of Satan. 

(9) We will be obedient to our teachers, and to the helpers (national assistants) who 
are appointed to see that good order be kept, both in and out of town . 

(10) We will not be idle and lazy, nor tell lies on one another, nor strike each other 
We will live peaceably together. 

(11) Whoever does any harm to another's cattle, goods or elTects, etc., shall pay 
the damages. 

(12) A man shall have only one wife, love her and provide for her and the chil- 
dren. Likewise a woman shall have but one husband, and be obedient to him; she shall 
also take care of the children, and be cleanly in all things. 

(18) We will not permit any rum or spirituous liquor to be brought into our towns. 
If strangers or ti'aders happen to bring any, the helpers (national assistants) are to take 
it into their pos.session, and take care not to deliver it to them until they set off again. 

(14) None of the inhabitants shall run in debt with traders, nor receive goods on 
commission for traders, without the consent of the national assistants . 

(15) No one is to go on a journey or long lumt, without informing the minister or 
steward of it. 

(16) Young people are not to marry without the consent of their parents, and taking 
their advice. 

(17) If the stewards or helpers apply to the inhabitants for assistance, in doing 
work for the benefit of the place, such as building meeting and school houses, clearing 
and fencing lands, etc., they are to be obedient. 

(18) All necessary contributions for the public ought cheerfully to be attended to. 

The foregoing were all adopted prior to the Revolution. Six years 
afterward, however (that is, during the war), wlien some of the Dela- 
ware concluded to join in the conflict, these rules were passed : 

(19) No man inclining to war, which is the shedding of blood, can remain among 

(30) Whosoever purchases goods or articles of warriors, knowing at the time that 
such have been stolen or plundered, must leave us. We look upon this as giving encour- 
agement to murder and theft. Heckewelder's Narrative, pp. l.l2-l..'Jf. 

The earlv settlers of Beaver county being almost exclusively Scotch 
and Scotch-Irish, the prevailing religious sentiment was necessarily 
Presbyterian. Hence we are justified in expecting Presbyterianism to 
be the first phase of religious faith introduced into the new county. 
The oldest congregation in the county is the one known as the Mill 
Creek Presbyterian Church, the records of which carry us back to 1785 
clearly. It is not im])robal)le that some of its members were residents 
and professed Christians ten or twelve years earlier. Its history is 
given elsewhere, as also the history of other congregations of that 

The two original denominations, which in 1S5S united to form the 


United Presl)yterian Church, were the Associate and the Associate 
Reformed. These two organizations, it seems, were second to occupy 
the field, and began operations almost simultaneously. Their history 
is found in connection with the United Presbyterian Church, whose 
congregations, in the main, have absorbed the former. Eudolpha Hall, 
or Service Theological Seminary, will be found described in connection 
with the Service church. 

Episcopalianism was first introduced into Beaver county about 
1799, b\'^ Rev. Francis Reno, who was the first Episcopal clergyman 
west of the Alleghenv mountains. He was born near Richmond. Va., 
February 7., 1757, and died in Rochester, Pa., August 12, 1S3B, in his 
eightieth year. He was ordained in Philadelphia by Bishop White in 
1791, and located near what is now Rochester in 1799. He preached 
all over the county, in log cabins, barns, groves, etc., as occasion pre- 
sented; and for a long time did nuich of the marrying except that done 
by justices of the ])eace. He left eleven children : John, Elizabeth, 
Charles S., Lewis, William, Henry, Jane, Thomas, Francis, Susanna 
and Jesse, to advocate his faith. 

Individual E])iscopal congregations will lie found elsewhere 

Methodism, usually an aggressive organization, was slow to secure 
a foothold in the county. Its introduction dates to about 1822-25, 
when Beaver and Sharon were first made preaching points. By refer- 
ence to the sketches of the congregations at Beaver, Bridgewater and 
New Brighton, it will be seen that some controversy exists as to the 
.senioritv of congreoations. 

One difficulty has been experienced in giving the history' of Meth- 
odist congregations: absence of complete records, such as are found in 
Presbyterian and United Presbyterian churches. Frequent changes of 
preachers in ]\[ethodist congregations have had the etfect to beget care- 
lessness in keeping records, and indifference on the part of many preach- 
ers as to the gathering up of material for historic sketches. 

Lutheranism is of comparatively recent origin. The sketches of 
churches in the vai'ious boroughs and villages will show the order of 

Baptist churches had some difficulty in securing a strong foothold. 
Several of them died, and left no traces of their work. Rochester, 
Beaver Falls and New Brighton have each good congregations that 
have " come to stay." 

The United Brethi'en have made a number of ineffectual attempts 
to establisii their plea. 


Catholicism secured a foothold in about 1835, when the little con- 
gregation in Beaver was organized. Since then churches have sprung 
up in manul'acturing and mining centers of the county. 

Several German Lutlieran congregations have been established and 
are now in flourishing condition. The same remark may be made rela- 
tive to the Evangelical asscjciatiou. Its work, however, began quite 

Two congregations of Methodist Protestants represent the strength 
of that organization, one eacli at Beaver Falls and New Brighton. 

The establishment of Geneva College by the Eeformed Presby- 
terian denomination led to the organization of one or two congrega- 
tions, the origin of which does date far back. 

The Church of God has one congregation at New Brighton, the 
history of which is given in connection with that borough. 

The Christian Church, with its plea for the Bible only as the 
basis of Christian union and success, lias but one congregation, Beaver 
Falls. Its introduction, too, is recent. 

There is a number of colored churches in the county, at Bridge- 
water and New Brighton, etc. 

The people of the county certainly have opportunities to worship 
God witiiout let or hindi-ance, this vast array of denominations being 
sufficiently numerous to meet the demands of all shades of belief. 



Centrifugal and Centripetal Forces — Radicalism and Conservatism 
' — Politics — Temperance — Slavery — Anti-Masonic Excitement — 
The Fajiine in Ireland — Visit of Kossuth — Bible Society — 
Sunday-school Association. 

THE analogy existing between the forces of mattei' and. those of 
mind is accepted by all true pliilosophers. He who fashioned the 
piiysical universe is the same Being who created the elements and laws 
<jf the spiritual universe. The acceptance of the doctrine that analo- 
gous laws obtain in Ixrth realms is the key-note to their proper inter- 
pretation and comprehension. 

The two great counter-forces in nature are the centrifugal and the 
centri})etal. The foi'mer is destructive in its character. Under the law 
that a body in motion tends to move in a direct line, it would hurl the 
planets of both solar and stellar systems into utter ruin. But an oppos- 
ing force, the centripetal, intervenes. It would draw them all to a 
common center and interfere with all progress. Asa result of these 
opposites. the planets move in elli]itical orbits, affording us the inimita- 
i)ie harmony of the splieres, and demonstrating that " order is Heaven's 
fii'st law." 

In human society two kindred forces e.xist. We may go further 
and assert that in every human lieing they exist. These forces are 
radicalism and conservatism. Radicalism, dissatisfied witii the present 
order of things, is iconoclastic in its motives and methods. It blazes 
out new patlis, rushes into new and unex})ected Avilds. and carries the 
war into the enemy's country. It lives a quarter of a century in 
advance of its time, and holds aloft the torches by which the plodding 
masses may be guided. It is restless and imjjatient, and may be harshly 
censorious. It burns the bridges behind, and decides never to look 
back to witness the destruction produced. 

In the plodding ranks are to be found the great majority of inan- 



kind — the conservatives. If it be true that the voice of the jieople is 
the voice of God, then the 3nasses are riglit. EnHghtened and given 
proper time to reflect, tliey are right. Conservatism cries out " 810}) I 
Don't be so fast." It dislikes to be jostled out of its easy pace. 
Present comfort and gratitication are its sources of lia])piness. It says, 
in effect, " Let us eat, di'ink and ])e merry, for to-niornjw we die." 

The conflict between these opposites results in the general harmony 
of society. The growth of either force presages the destiny of the 
community. Ilaihcahsm is the bulls of finance; conservatism the bears. 
Radicalism operated the underground raih-oad. nuule the raid on Har- 
per s FeiTv. originated temperance, educational, social, rehgious and 
poHtical reforms. Conservatism puuishetl John Ih'own, opposed reforms 
and resisted the onward march of events. 

In the b'ght of this presentation of the two forces of society, we 
are prepared to understand what Paul meant by saying, '' When I 
would do good evil is always present Avith me." He studied his own 
nature, and found this irrepressible conflict. It exists everywhere. 


Politics is the science of government. TJie true politician, then, is 
one who studies the subject of government, and endeavors to apply, 
wisely, the principles which he has learned. 

A wide diffei-ence exists between true statemanship and partisan 
demagogism. The former implies the careful study of history, law, 
political economy, government and statistics as well as the current of 
events as unfolded in periodical literature; the latter is usually the syn- 
onym of hasty and imperfect information absorbed from the gossip of 
the street and daily newspaper, and perverted for pernicious jmrposes. 
The latter is the bane of modern political life, and the standing menace 
to the republic. 

Every careful observer has noticed the marked difference in the 
methods of conducting political campaigns at the present time and fifty 
years ago. This difl'erence consists in several particulars: 

1. Then the stump orator furnished both the information and the 
inspiration for the people. People attended mass meetings to be 
instructed upon questions of government. Now, congressional reports 
and the tlaily press furnish the information, and the speaker iinds his 
audience as tlioroughly posted as himself. lie im])arts very little 

2. Telegraphs and telephones spread the sjjeeches and actions of 


public men before the people almost instantly, and give an opjiortu- 
nity for tlie great jury to malce up their minds as to tlie questions at 

3. Party ])latforms perfoi'm a nion; important function now, ami 
the explanatory letters less than formerly. 

4. Organization is a more important fact(n- now. The registra- 
tion of votes, the challenging of suspicious ones, tlie emjiloying of pro- 
fessional workers to cari-y elections — all these agencies are compara- 
tively modei'u. 

Party s])irit has liada, tii-m f()(.>tliol(l in Beaver county. Tlie con- 
flicts between the federalists and the anti-federalists, the national 
republicans and democrats, the whigs and democrats, and the repulj- 
licans and democrats of modern days Jiave been occasionally quite 
flerce. At times special issues gave intensity to the struggles; as for 
instance, in 1S2S and later anti-masonry was so bitter as to curd the milk 
of human kindness. The spirit of it may be seen by reference to the 
Hanover meeting in another part of this chapter. In 18.54 the body 
politic was greatly agitated by know-nothingism with its ominous ques- 
tion: "Have yoii seen Sam?" The action of the abolitionists had a 
tendency to disconcert both of tiie great parties, and to intensifv the 
rancor of partisan feeling. 

During Jackson's administration, 1829-37, his fi-iends espoused his 
cause warmly, and his opponents fought him Avith equal bitterness. 
Tickets were labeled anti-Jackson, to siiow the convictions of their sup- 
porters. A feeling of a caustic ciiaracter existed between CTcneral 
Jackson anil General Abner Lacock in consequence of the condemna- 
tory report made by the latter on the former's conduct in the Seminole 
war. It is said that Jackson threatened to cut Lacock's eai's off. It 
was never done, though ample opportunity, it is churned, was afforded. 

In the autumn of 1829, the convention wiiich met to nominate can- 
didates for the genei'al assembly, and whicii finally selected Moses Sul- 
livan for tlie state senate, and Abner Lacock and liobert Moore for the 
state assembly, wishing to determine the exact position of tlieii- candi- 
dates upon the great and burning questions of the day, appointed a 
committee consisting of Sylvester Dunham, Thomas Henry and John 
Clarke to secure from tliem their "unltiased sentiments on the e-i-eat 
question that has divided the Southern, Xorthern and Western states 
respecting carrying on a general system of internal improvements, and 
atfoi'ding protection to domestic manufactures." The replv, dated 
September 2, 1829, and signed by Lacock and Moore, contained the 
following quite novel and suggestive remarks: 


On the subject of internal impiovenients aud the protection of domestic manufact- 
ures, we think there should be but one opinion entertained among us, and that should be 
favorable to the policy — and those who manifest adverse sentiments must found them 
in error, or be influenced by personal motives hostile to our primary interests. 

A nation is but an enlarged family or community, associated for the general ben- 
elit, and the same policy that vpould be beneficial in our families will apply with equal or 
greater force to a nation. Every family among us, governed by a wise policy, manufact- 
ures all their common wearing apparel, and purchasesas few foreign articles as possil)le; 
thus keeping out of debt, maintaining their independence; and this course should be pur- 
sued liy the United States. A nation who [which] has the raw material and will not 
manufacture not only the articles of the first necessity, but those of ornament and luxury, 
within the compass of their mechanical skill, but depends on foreign nations for their sup- 
ply — that nation will soon find itself involved in debt, with constant complaints of the 
scarcity of money, frequent bankruptcies and much distress among her citizens, followed 
ultimately, perhaps, by a total loss of her independence. 

Intimatelj' connected with this subject, and forming a part of what is emphatic- 
ally called tlie Atitp.ricnii System, are increased facilities of intercourse, by means of 
roads and canals. These, practicall}' speaking, overcome space, and bring distant sec- 
tions of our country in close and intimate connection. By them the nmtual wants of 
society are supplied, prejudices destroyed, good feelings, charitable seniiments and mu- 
tual friendship, with wealth, comfort and national prosperity produced, cherished and 

Repeal the Tariff of 1823, and check the progress of internal improvement, and in 
effect we cancel the Declaration of Independence, and shall revert back to a state of colonial 
dependence on Great Britain. She will enjoy (without the expense of governing us) all 
our trade, receive all our money, and place her as to the United States in a better condi- 
tion than before the Revolution. "We siiall be allowed to enjoy a nominal but not an 
actual independence. 

These, gentlemen, are our uubia.sed but decided opinions on tlie general subject; 
and we firmly believe that the future prosperitj- and liappiness of not only Pennsylvania, 
but the Union, depends upon the maintenance and vigorous prosecution of this system. 
And when we find this protective system in danger from secret enemies at home orabroad, 
■we feel it a duty we owe to you, gentlemen, to ourselves and to the public, to declare 
our entire conviction tliat however we may esteem men [who hold different sentiments] 
for their private virtues, still they are unworthy of public confidence as statesmen. 

In Sejiteiuber, 1831, the anti-Jackson and nationtil republican com- 
mittee of Beaver county, signed by Oliver Cunningham, Abner Lacock, 
David Eakin, Rol)ert Ilerron and William McCallister, ]niblishod an 
address to the i^eople, urging them to support, in the ensuing October 
election, John Clarke, Esq., of North Beaver, and William McCune, of 
IMoon, for the legislature, rather than Samuel Power and John R. Shan- 
non, who were ardent su])])orters of Jackson. McCune became alarmed 
at the ])rospects, and withdrew, whei\ Thomas Foster, of Georgetown^ 
was substituted. Tiie result of the heated fight was the election of 
Power and Shannon, the vote standing: Power, 1,178: Shannon. 1,175: 
Clarke. 873, and Foster, 751. 

The ])i'esidential camj)aign of 184o was oiu^ of the most exciting 



this couiiti'v ever passed thi'ou^'li. It -was designated the "Log Cabin" 
campaign, the "Hard Cider" campaign, etc., to sliow the^rustic feature 
of the chief's earl\'^ life, and to touch the popular heart. 

As a specimen of the campaign songs of those early days, we 
reproduce one of this i)eriod. It is entitled 


Good morning, Mattj' Van, 
I hope I find you hearty, 
I have a word or two to say 
About the next election day 
And our little party, 

Jlatty V-A-N. 

Our Arao.s, like a rat, 
Has left a ship that's sinking. 
And now with Rives & Blair goes snacks, 
But they will all have to make tracks, 
By the 4th of ]\[arch, I'm thinking, 
Malt_v Van. 

The British Tory "Whigs, 
With Harrison and Tyler. 
Will keep that ball a rolling o'er, 
Much faster than it rolled before. 
Until they burst your biler, 
Matty Van. 

We office holders love 
Fine dinners & good trimmings, 
But the Whigs have got the longest poles. 
The warmest hearts and biggest souls. 
They'll knock down all the 'simmons, 
Matty Van. 

They say in Indiana, 
Your case is no go, sir, 
They've got but one Van Buren man. 
They'll keep from turning if they can. 
And make of him a show, .sir, 
Matty Van. 

In old Virginia, too, 
Where once you lived in clover. 
The things began to look quite blue, 
They'll go for Tip & Tyler, too, 
I fear you are done over, 

JIatty Van. 

Ohio and Kentuck, 
Will go for Tip and Ty. sir. 
And it fs just as sure as fate. 
They'll beat you in your native state. 
And that will cost you die, sir, 
JMatty Van . 

We thought that all you did 
To our party would no harm be, 
But you woke up the wrong passage. 
And got the wrong sow by the ear, 
With Poinsett's standing army. 
Malty Van. 

You area cunning man, 
Who knows you that will doubt, sir. 
You thought that you were very .sly, 
But the dear people say j'ou lie. 
And they will turn you out, sir, 
Matty Van . 

It was a dirty trick, 
You can't deny the fact, sir. 
But we think it was bad policy, 
To sign a bill you did not see, 
And then deny the act. sir, 
Jlatty Van, 

The Devil is to pay. 
We see the storm a brewing. 
The Army & Sub-Treasury Bill, 
You'll find will be a bitter pill, 
And be the party's ruin, 

3Iatty Van. 

Your measures and their fruits, 
The people cannot stomach, [true, 

Your Imttles fought with blood-hounds 
And negro suffrage will not do. 
On this side the Potomac, 

Matty Van. 


MATTY VAN— Continued. 

We think about next IMarch, Ami neillier will tliey take, 

Your friends will bc' uneasy, The Guunil's iyisic dixit, 

They'll be en(|uiring all about, Kor he that follows in liis wake 

If your anxious mother knows you're out Going in & out just like a snake, 
And that's the way they'll tease you. No way that you can flx it, 

ilatty Van. Malty Van. 

The Tennesseeans, too, Down in the state of Maine, 

Will make the breach still wider, 'Tis true as line and plummit. 

They say they'll have no more to do. They put their finger on their nose, 

With such a slippery elm as you. Crying, here she goes, and there she goes. 
But go in for hard cider. But judge, you cannot come it. 

and Tippecanoe. !Matty Van. 

Now Matty Van, adieu,' 
We leave you to your fate, sir, 
You're going off all in a trice. 
To follow after Billy Price, 

And Samuel Swartwout too, sir. 
Matty, Adieu. 

Harrison's majority over Van Eiiren in Beavfer county was 1,-1:33. 
Tlie president elect passed Beaver, going up the Ohio river onlFriday, 
January 2<7,jl6il, en^roui&'tor WiMiingUm. A delegtition ot 343 men 
from Pittslrtirgh went bh^ tli'e steamer " Fnlton " to Wheeling, and 
escorted liim on the steainer",Bep Frankhn " to their city, where he 
was gx-eeted by thousand^ of people-' lie -remained a,t the Pittsburgh 
liotel until Mondtiy, wlien lie left for Hrownsvillo, on the stetimbotit 
'• Lo^'allumna," and thence Itv stage along the national road to the seat 
of government. 

The campaign of IS-tl: between James Knox Polk'and Henry Clay 
was a vigorous one. Both leaders had been long in public life, and 
"were po}mlar Avith their own people. The people of the country, con- 
vinced that 

Dallas and Polk, 

Will make a good yoke, 

accorded the ]ialni of victory to the democratic candidates. 

On ^Mondav, ^March 27, 1848, Henry Cla}' reached Beaver Point 
on the Steamer "Monongahela" (Captain Stone). He was escorted at 
once to the mansion of Stephen and Sherlock Stone, wliere he was 
received with a ne;it little address by Major Joshua Logan. The response 
was V)rief but touching. He paid a high coinpliment to Beaver county, 
declaring he had long ktiown it through representatives in congress. 
Said lie: "I remember well Abner Lacock, who stood shoulder to 




shoulder with me iind others before and (Uii-ing the late war with Great 
Britain, than whom Pennsylvania has never produced a better and 
very few abler men." 

The campaign of 184S, while not so exciting as that of 1840, had 
in it the halo of military glory. Cass was popular because (jf his suc- 
cess in the^war of 1812. General Zachary Taylor had but recently 
returned from his successful campaigns in Mexico, and was envelojjed 
with the glory that encircles the martial hero. The whigs were suc- 
cessful, and Taylor and Fillmore went to Washington, to fill their 
respective offices. 

In August, 1819, President Taylor and Governor Johnston nuidea 
trip to Western Pennsylvania, examining the condition and resources 
of the state as they passed along. From the Allegheny county line, 
which they reachetl Tuesday, August 21, they were escorted to Econ- 
omy, whei'e they were liospital)]y entertained by the society. After 
dinner, the }:)rocession, uiidei' I he guidance of Maj. Joshua Logan, 
was then formed and moved along in good order through Rochester, 
over the bridge and thi'ough IJridgewater to Shepherd's Point hotel, 
which had been selected as the place of lodging. The committee of 
reception was in waiting, as were also representatives from all parts of 
the county without distinction of jmrty, to do ap])ro])riate honors to 
the state and national executives. A lengthy imt appropriate address 
of welcome was delivered by U. P. Fetterman, Esq., who exjiatiated 
in eloquent terms upon the growth and general prosperity of the region 
visited, and paid a glowing tribute to the military achievements of 
'•Old Uonu'li and Ready." In rcsjiunse President Taylor said: 

I cannot liiul woixls adi-qiiate to express my lieartft-lt gratitude for tbe kind and 
cordial reception given me by tlie citizens of Beaver county. I have come here to meet 
tlie people in a plain and social way, without ostentation, as befits the Presideni of this 
great repnblic; and lo examine and become acquainted, in detail, with tlieir agricult- 
ural, ci)m[ucrcial and manufacturing resources. The subject is one of great importance 
to the wliole Union, and especially to the state of Pennsylvania; and .so far as is proper 
in the Executive to interfere, I shall co-operate with the Xalional Legislature in all 
measures best calculated to develop and su.stain her prosperity. 

So far as internal improvements are concerned, I am .strongly in favor of a sys- 
tem by which we shall have good harbors and navigable rivers ; and will do everything 
proper to produce a result so desirable, In regard to my military service.', I can only 
say that forty years of my life have been spent in the service of my country, principally 
in the field; and it cannot therefore be expected that I should possess the same facility in 
addres.-ing such a large and respectable audience as many of your citizens doubtless do. 
The credit is due for the success of the operations in Jlexico to the officers and soldiers, 
1) ith re^'tdars and volunteers, more than lo myself; but glorious as those victories were, 
they have left many a pang behind The wife who loses a husband — the parent 


who loses a cbild — finds but poor consolation in the fact that a victory was achieved. 
We arc a nation of soldiers, from Maine to Texas; and the great thing to ho 
feared Is that we may encourage too much a warlike spirit at the expense of the Arts of 
Peace. Peace is the true policy of the country, and although we cannot but sympathi/e 
with the struggling nations of Europe, we should remember the axiom of Washington, 
and avoid all "entangling alliances;" still, if war comes, as it sometimes must, I am in 
favor of carrying it on with all the force and vigor we possess. 

In the Argus of July 25, 1855, appears an address to the citizens 
of Beaver county signed by several hundred prominent gentlemen, 
designating the 29th of August as a time for tlie selection of county 
oflttcial candidates. It is the date of the organization of the republiciin 
party in tiie county. The signers ?ay : "Believing that the recent 
and continued aggressions of slavery have rendered necessary the dis- 
bandment of all existing ])olitical organizations, and a close and inti- 
uiate union of those who think resistance to eacli and every aggression 
of slavery paramount to every other political issue, earnestly invite all 
Avho are in favor of resistance to each and every aggression of slavery, 
and in favor of freedom and free labor, and of the restoration of free- 
dom to the territories of Kansas and Nebraska," to engage in such 
measures as will accomplish the purposes sought. 

The campaign of 1860 was, like the one of 1840, an animated one. 
The democratic party had two candidates: John C. Breckenridge rep- 
resenting t)ne wing, and Stephen A. Douglas the other. Abraham 
Lincoln was the standard-bearei' of the republican party. John Bell 
re|)resented a conservative, compromise iiarty. Mr. Lincoln was electetl. 
The issues and divisions of the campaign were carried into the opening 
of the civil war that ensued, and must be recognized to understruid 
])roi)erly that fearful conflict. 

President Lincoln passed through Rochester on the ti'ain at 4 p.m. 
of Thursday, Februai-y 14, 1801. Long before the arrival of the train 
the depot and platforms were crowded with persons of both sexes and 
of all ages, anxious to see the celebrated " rail splitter" and first repub- 
lican president. Music, flags and cannon announced the interest of the 
people in the occasion. 

At length the sjiecial train arrived, and tarried twenty minutes. 
Mr. Lincoln, in res])onse to the cheers and repeated calls of the multi- 
tude, appeareil on the ])latforin of the rear car, and iiowed i-ecognition 
to the assembled tiirong. He declared that he had no sj)eecii to make 
to them, but was -"/; roKte for Washington, where he woidd have some- 
thing to say to all, (in the 4th of March. At tiiis jioint a voice cried : 
" What will vou do with the secessionists then V Turning in the direc- 


tion of the voice, ^Ii". Lincoln said, "My friend, that is a matter wliich 
I have under very grave consideration." 

An amusing incident occurred at the time, which illustrates a 
peculiar ])hase of western character. Mr. Henry Dillon, now a resident 
of Beaver Falls, a very enthusiastic republican, and a man whose height 
is about six feet and four inches, cried out to Mr. Lincoln : " Mr. Presi- 
dent, I am taller than you are." " Let us see about that,'" responded 
"Old Abe," reaching out his hand to Mr. Dillon, who in a moment was 
by his side. Turning their backs to each other, Mr. Lincoln said, " Now, 
stand fail' and no clieating." Then i-eaching his hand up and patting 
Mr. Dillon's bald head, Mr. Lincoln said, "All, my friend, I can lick 
salt from your heatl I" to which sally the crowd responded with vocif- 
erous cheering. 

Shortlj' after the nomination of (Teneral Garfield, in 18S0, to the 
presidency, he was passing through the county. The train stopping at 
Beaver Falls, he appeared on the platform of the rear car, clad in a 
lono- linen duster ami felt hat. No arrangements had l)een made to 
I'eceive him. He stood gazing at the audience m silence, when an 
impudent urchin broke the monotony by exclaiming: "For God's 
sake, take him in. He'll never be President, anyhow." The (General 
smiled, which called out three rousing cheers for the presidential candi- 
date. The train departed, relieving both parties of a painful embar- 

Within eighteen months from the occurrence of this humorous 
incident, two sad events occurred near the same place. As the result 
of the assassin's aim. President Garfield died September 19, 1881. 
Earlj' on Saturday morning, on the 24:th of the same month, his body, 
accompanied by a special train of relatives and distinguished friends 
and officials, passed through Rochester and Beaver on the C. & P. R. 
R., en route for Cleveland, to be buried. Simultaneously a special train 
of newspaper reporters was passing over the P. & L. E. R. R., to reach 
Cleveland in time to make necessary arrangements to report the pro- 
ceedings of the funeral. 

The fast train came dashing over the iron bridge across the Ohio, 
and, running at the rate of fifty or sixty miles per hour, struck a hand- 
car on the bridge across Brad\''s run. It contained nine men, car])en- 
ters, who had just left Beaver station and expected to reach their 
destination before the train appeared. In this they miscalculated. 
In the mist of the morning, the car was hurled from the track, and six 
men killed instantly, viz : Richard D. Brown, of Beaver ; Stephen 


Foster and James Carney, of Ilomewood ; George \:m Kirk, of Kia- 
sola ; James Robinson, foreman, of West Bridgewater. and James 
Ikldwin, of Phillipsburg. Three men, by leaping anil catciiingon the 
trestle or falling to the i-oclcy surface thirty feet below, were saved, 
viz: M. D. Erwin, of Beaver (since killed in autumn of 1SS7, at 
AUeghenv, by a train on the P. Ft. "W. ct ('. 11. K.), andAViiliamL. 
Graham and Jerome Peterson, of West Bridgewater. 

The railroad company paid the families of the victims $l,(l()0 each, 
and the newspapers of the East made hberal contributions also for their 


The question of temperance, whicii of late years lias assumed 
such an importance, i-eceived the attention of Bea\-er county's citizens 
more than fifty-tive years ago.* According to a previous announce- 
ment, a meeting was held at the courthouse. January 4, 1833, to 
discuss the subject and to take measures for the organization of a 
county temperance society. lion. Tiiomas Henry was chosen presitlent, 
Edward Wright, vice-president, and John Clarke, secretary. A com- 
mittee, consisting of Dr. Joseph Pollock, Benjamin Adams and John 
Clarke, was appointed to draft resolutions to be])resented to a meeting 
held the following evening. Of this assemblage lion. John Bredin was 
chairman, Hon. Thomas Henry, vice-president, and Enoch Marvin and 
John Clarke, secretaries. The committee reported as follows : 

Whereas, The common and excessive use of ardent spirits and other intoxicating 
drinks has prevailed to an alarming extent, in our free and happy country, threatening 
corruption of the morals, destruction of the peace, and prostration of Ihe physical ener- 
gies of the people ; and 

W/iere(is, A continuance of this state of things has a direct and inevitable lending 
to anarchy and confusion in the state, by vitiating the people, the source of its power, 
incapaciatinji man for the true discharge of all his duties to his God, his country, his 
family and himself, and sinking him in the scale of created beings, from the eminence 
of the first rank, to a level of tlic most brutish of God's creation; 

Therefore, liesulred , 

1. That in the opinion of this meeting it is the high and imperious duty of every 
citizen, by precept and example, to discountenance and discourage the improper and 
e.xcessive use of all intoxicating drinks. 

2. That, whereas, in the opinion of this meeting, the temperate, conunon and pro- 
miscuous use of such drinks are the common and ordinary means by whicli temperate men 
become intemperate, the sober learn to become drunken, the high-minded, intelligent and 
respectable become debased, stupid and disreputable: therefore such means as shall be 

*As early as Januarj' 3, 1S81 record is found of a temperance society, at a meeting 
of which, held at the Mill Creek meeting-house on the dale mentioned, an able and stir- 
ring ai'peal for total abstinence was maile by Kev. George Scott. 


found most effectual to check the cause alluded to must have a direct tendency to arrest 
the evil of intemperance and lessen all the ills of life, with which it is justly chargeable. 

3. That in the opinion of this meeting the organization of temperance societies, by 
uniting the energies of its friends, and demonstrating the practicability and utility of 
total abstinence, enlisting public o]nuion against intemperance, and all means by which 
it is etigetidered and perpetuated, have done much, and are calculated to do much more, 
to remedy existing evils and prevent their prevalence in all time to come. 

4. As the sense of this meeting, a county teraperancesociety ought to be organized 
in this place, and that a committee of five persons, viz: Dr. Joseph Pollock, Rev. AV. 
Maclean, William Morton, Benjamin Adams and John Clarke, be now appointed to draft 
a constitution and bj'-laws for its government, to report to a public meeting to be held 
in this place on Wednesday evening of the next September court. 

Short and ;ip]ii'0]iriate aildi'esses were then made bj' Hon. Wilh'ara 
Wilkins and Walter Forward, of Pittslturgh. Other meetings speedily 
followed, one announced to lie held at the residence of Widow Law- 
rence, of South Beaver towiishij), April 24, 1833 ; another, the one 
mentioned above, in September, at which the constitution of the Beaver 
County Temperance Society was adopted, and organization perfected; 
and manv others in different parts of the county. The next record 
found of the county society is dated November 2!>, 1S37, at which time 
a meeting was held at the Presbyterian church, in Beaver, with lion. 
John ISTesbit, president, and William Allison, secretary. Among the 
various items of business transacted was the ])assing of the following 
resolution, which demonstrates that the tem])erance cause, even in its 
early days, enlisted the co-operation of prominent men in the county : 

Resolved. That the following committee for the ditferent districts in this county be 
appointed to visit respective di-stricts for the purpose of reviving and encouraging 
temperance societies, where they already exist, and of establishing them whereverprac- 
ticable where they do not exist, to-wit : 

For Beaver City — Revs. J. D. Ray, Sloaiie, Thorne and Scott, of Darlington. 

For Darlington^ Rev. A. O. Patterson and William B. Clarke, Esq. 

For Ohio township —Rev. J. Ray and B. B. Chamberlin, Esq. 

For Little Beaver township — Rev. J. Wright and Hon. J. Ncsbit. 

For Shenaugo and Xorth Sewickley townships — Rev. A. Williams, John Winter, 
Rev. ilurray, Mr. Bloss, and Mr. Ethan A. Stewart. 

For South Beaver — Rev. Z. H. Costin and William Allison, Esq. 

For New Sewickley — Rev, Jackson and Milo A. Townsend. 

For North Beaver — Rev. Dilworth, Rev. A. O. Patterson and Jas. Patterson, Esq. 

For Economy — Rev. Henderson, Rev. J. Ray and Richard H. Agnew. 

For Moon — Rev. Mr. Hamlet and Rev. Sloane. 

For Hopewell — Dr. Andrew Harshe and Rev. Thorne. 

For Greene— Rev. J. D. Ray, Mr. Elliott and Rev. Williams. 

For Raccoon — Rev. Scott, Rev. Adderly. 

For Hanover — William JlcIIarg, Henry H. Singleton, Rev. Costin, and J. L. Nye. 

For Big Beaver — Rev. i\[r. Imbrie and John Carothers, Es(i. 

For Chippewa — John Winter, Enoch Marven and C. C., Esqs. 


Perhaps the first sokition offered to the vexing ([uestion of intem- 
perance was found in the crusacU' of total abstinence, inaugurated at 
the earliest period of the agitation. The following circular, addressed 
to the " Total Abstinence Temperance societies " of Beaver county, 
October 22, 184.5, will explain the condition of the movemt'iit in the 
county at that time : 

At a meeting of the Total Abstinence Temperance Society of Bridgewater and 
vicinity, lield ou tlie SOtli iust., it was 

Besolced, That for tlie purpose of effecting a more united action in tlie temperance 
reformation, a county temperance society be organized, composed of one or more dele- 
gates from each society, to meet in the borough of Beaver, on the evening of the first 
Monday of each court, the first meeting to be held in the Methodist church on the 17th 
of November next. 

The undersigned delegates appointed under the above resolution, would respect- 
fully submit the proposition to the several societies for their immediate action. 

Among the objects to be accomplished are the collection of statistical facts — the 
progress or declension of the cause in the county — the dissemination of information, 
and above all to bring to the cause that strength ever attendant on union. 

(Signed) Joshua Logan, 

.J.\CKS0N Slo.\n, 
o. cunningiia^[, 
James Porteu, 
S. B. Wii.soN. 

When prohibition became a phase of the temperance work, it found 
many ardent supporters. In 1854 the people of Pennsylvania were 
permitted to vote on a prohibitory law. It lacked but about 5,000 
votes of being carried. The Argus of September 20, 1854, intlorsed 
the measure in the following words : 

" It is undoubtedly the policy of wisdom for the temperance men 
to make an energetic effort at the present time, as the question has not 
yet assumed so deep a political hue as to be a test of party oi'tliodoxy. 
* * * Then let there be such action taken immediately as will bring 
to the polls every friend of prohibition in the county." The October 
election showed the vote in Bea-ver county to stand 1,1)55 for prohibi- 
tion, to 1,089 against, thus making a majority in its favor of 866. 


In the heated and at times violent discussions growing out of fhe 
troublesome question of African slavery, Beaver county took a promi- 
nent part. Thoitgh at first the sentiment in favor of abolition was weak 
and in much disfaA'or,* the most opjirobrious epithets being hurled at 

* Illustrative of the intense feeling exhibited by the prominent Southerners, is the 
following incident concerning Hon. James JI. Mason, senator from Virginia, and the 
Mason of Mason and Slidell fame: 


one who was suspected guilty of the lieinous crime of being an"ah()li- 
tionist," yet tliis did not deter men from avowing tlieir opposition to 
slavery, and from declaring the practice to he a crime against humanity 
and against God. These opinions, at the beginning expressed only in 
private, soon acquired believers in sufficient number to warrant their 
pubhc proclamation. Meetings tliroughout the county were held, in 
which the questions, Ijearing on slavery were discussed, sometimes with 
great hesitancy and moderation, at others with fraid^ness and decision. 
A gathering of the ktter class was Iield on the 28th of January, 
1836, at the academy, in Darhngton, according to an announcement 
made jireviously in tlie county papers, of which meeting Colonel James 
Sprott was chosen chairman, and Dr. Josepli Frazier secretary. A 
committee on j-esolutions was appointed, which reported the following: 

Resolved, 1. That the right of free discussion is the birthright of men — guaran- 
teed to every American citizen b}' the constitutiou of his country — consequently, it can- 
not be talien from Inm, or abridged by any power wliatsoever. 

f. That as the United States mail and postofRce were established for the good of 
the wliole nation, therefore the abolitionists have the same right as any other body of 
men to the use of it. Let them be dealt with according to lntr, but let the right remain 

3. That we view with alarm the impunity with which officers high in trust have 
violated the law of our country, in wresting from innocent citizens riglits which are 
secured to them by government — thus undermining the security and confidence of the 
people in our republican iustitutions. 

4. That every man who joins a mob is a traitor to his country, and by so doing 
lends his influence to the introduction of anarchy and the demolition of our federal con- 

5. That aliweholders are agitators, and i/tfjV doctrines incendiary, producing mobs, 
lawless violence, destruction of property by lire, judgment and death without trial by 
jury, and alarm by offering rewards for the abduction of American citizens who liave 
broken no law and are convicted of no crime. 

6. That cliarges made against alwlitionists by the President of the United States 
and governors of different states are entirely unsupported Ijy evidence, consequently we 
look upon the abolitionists as an innocent, injured and persecuted class of citizens, and 
feel called upon to aid in maintaining their rights, and vindicating their character before 
the 'nation and tlie world. 

7. That as liberty and slavery cannot exist in the same country, without the de- 
struction of the one or the other, we therefore feel called upon as friends of lil)erty to 
give our united testimony in her favor, and also to embody our influence against oppres- 
sion by forming an Anti-Slavery Society. 

He had been appointed administrator of tlie Chew estate, a few montlis before the 
War. and, in company with Edward lloopes, Esq., of New Brighton, w'as driving out 
along the slippery rock, when they became belated and were forced to seek quarters for 
the night in tlie nearest farmhouse. Their h ndlord, James Stewart, was an ardent abo- 
litionist, and his house was a station of the U. G. K. R. Colonel Mason did not liecome 
aware of this until he had departeil in the iiKirning, and when informed of the fact 
remarked to his companion; " If 1 had known that it was an abolition den, I would 
not have lieen caught tliere." 


An aiiti-slaverv constitution with a lengthy preamljle, and eight 
articles, was then adojjted. The following otficers were elected for the 
ensuing year : President, Ilev. David Inibrie; vice-presidents, Dr. 
Joseph Frazier and Dr. James Cochran; secretary. Rev. George Scott; 
treasurer, Col. James Sprott; and board of managei-s, William Adair, 
Joseph Taylor, James Cook, Thomas Silliman, John Steel, Robert Rus- 
sel antl "William Scott. 

Altliougli no further report of this })articular oi'ganization has been 
found, the agitation continued with increasing excitement. The ])as- 
safl'e of the fuijitive slave law, in 1S50, rendered more violent than ever 
before the discussions upon slavery. On the 0th of December, 18.50, a 
meeting was called at New ]!righton to express the ])opular sentiment 
relative to the new law. Joseph M. Alexander was called to the chair; 
Charles Coale was elected secretary, and a committee, consisting of Dr. 
Isaac Winans, T. B. White, Dr. Charles Weaver and James Ervin was 
appointed to ilraft appropriate resolutions. They reported as follows: 

Whereas, At the late session of congress, a law was passed, makinp It obligatory 
on all citizens to assist in restoring the fugitive slave to his master, wo. a few of the citi- 
zens of Beaver county. Pa., deem it our duty to peaceabl}- assemble and declare the fol- 
lowing sentiments: 

RenolTcd, That we believe in the self-evident truths set forth in the Declaration of 
Independence, that " all men are born free and equal, and endowed with certain inal- 
ienable rights, amongst which are life, liberty and the pursuits of happiness." 

Resolved, That the first being true, this government, which derives all its authority 
from the governed, has no power to enslave a humau being guilty of no crime. 

liesidfed. That therefore all laws enslaving a portion of the humau family, who 
have no voice in making them, is coutr.ary to the principles of this government. 

Resolved, That any law that makes it obligatory upon us to enslave a human 
being, is not binding on us, and we will treat all such laws with contempt, as we cannot 
become instrumental in enforcing them. 

Resolved, That we will hold up to public contempt any man that will accept the 
office of commissioner, marshal or deputy marshal, or in any way aid in the return of 
fugitives from slavery. 

At the saiue meeting it was decided to send the following petition: 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the United Slates : 

We, the undersigned, citizens of Beaver county, Penn., believing the Fugitive 
Slave Bill 'o be unjust, and in violation of the constitution, do ask its immediate 

A most e.xciting case tinder the operation of tiie fugitive slave tict 
was the return to bondage of Richard Gardner, alias Richartl Wood- 
son, a resident of Reaver. Formerly, the said Gardner had been a 
slave belonging to Rhoda R. R^'ers. of Louisville, Ky., l)ut had in some 
luanner arrived on free soil, and for over two j'ears ]irevious to his 


BEAVKR t'orNTV. 251 

arrest had lieen ])reacliing to a congregation of colored Methodists, in 
the vicinity of Heaver. He liad a wife and two children, ami was just 
on the ])oint of occupying a new liouse which he lia.d recently erected 
on a lot purchased for the purpose, when he was arrested March 14, 
18d1, under tiie authority of a warrant issued by J. V,. Sweitzer, com- 
missioner of the Western District of Pennsylvania, dated Pittsburgh, 
March 11, 1S51, anil addressed to P>enjaniin S. Rust, agent for his 

His wife liad been in the hal.)it of sending him to one of the hotels, 
near the steamboat landing, for linen which she laundried. Under the 
pretense that the hoarders there had washing for her to do, Gardner was 
decoyed to the place, and suddenly seized l)y the agent, who, with the 
assistance of one or two residents of l>eaver, manacled and carried him 
into a small boat, which was rowed out upon the river and anchoi-ed 
until the arrival of the steamer " Nelson." He was then placed aboard 
it, taken to Pittsburgh, given a trial before Judge Thomas Irwin, w^ho 
ordered him to be surrendered to his mistress, and at last returned to 
captivity. A fund was at once raised by the peo]ile of Beaver and 
vicinity to buy Gardner's freedom. Over !?(!00 was required to secure 
his release, and he returned to Peavei' on tlie 9th of April, 18.51.* 

Anotlier ])liase of the slavery question was shown in a meeting of 
citizens of the county, held at the M. E. church, Peaver, Novend)er 30, 
18S7, of which assuml)ly Enoch Marvin was chosen chairman, and L. 
P. Williams secretary. The pur])ose was the organization of the Pea- 
ver county colonization society', whose aim was to l)e, as set forth in its 
preliminary announcement, '" to aiil the Pennsylvania Colonization 
Society in its benevolent attenqit to benefit the colored race, and es]ie- 
cially to aid in diffusing its publications, anil ol)taining for it pecuniary 
aid." A constitution was adopted, and the following officers were 
elected for the ensuing year: James Allison, ])resident; Enoch Marvin, 
Esq., Rev. A. O. Patterson and lion. J. Xesbit, vice-presidents; L. B. 
Williams, secretary; William Allison, treasurer; Rev. Z. H. Costin, S. 
Todd, David Minis, P. 15. Chamberlin, J. R. Shannon, A. Logan, T. 
M. Johnston, H. Stow and Rev. .1. Munroe, managers. 

A N'TI- >r AS0^' IC F L'R( >R. 

Jt is curious to a reader of present political discussions to veiiect 

* About the year 1876, after an extended tour in Ohio preacliing and conducting 
religious exercises. Gardner decided to return to Rochester. lie concluded to steal a ride 
over the P. F. W. it C. K. U., which he did by sitting on the trucks under the car, 
but when he reached the station he was .so badly crushed that even his physician, Dr. 
Levis, could do nothing for him, and he soon died. 


hoAV easily the sentiment of public indignation was aroused in former 
days. An example is found in the movement against the Masonic order 
incited by the alleged abduction and murder of Wilham Morgan, com- 
mitted, it was supposed, by its members. In this movement Beaver 
county for a time participated. A meeting of citizens of Hanover and 
Greene townships, opposed to Free Masonry, was held at the house of 
Thomas McGuire, in Hanover township, August 15, 1829. John Lee- 
per was ap]3ointed chairman and John Harshe. secretary. A committee 
consisting of Rev. George Scott, Hugh Miller, William Harshe, William 
R. Hammond and Major James Harper, appointed to draft resolutions, 
reported as follows: 

Resolved, That we view with disgust and indignation any attempt to violate or invade 
in any manner, however plausible it may be pretented, our civil or religious liberties, 
which, we consider, is completely done in a most dangerous and hidden way by Masonic 
institutions, if we can put credit in the accounts given it by men of lirst-rate character in 
our country who formerly have passed as full members through the principal degrees of 
Free Masonry and have seceded therefrom; and we fully approve of the proceedings of 
the Anti-Masonic convention which met in Harrisburg in June last. 

Resolved, That we lament the abduction and assassination of Capt. AVm. Morgan 
by lawless banditti of Free Masons, and that the conduct of Free Jlasons in regard to 
Morgan's case, as well as the attestations of seceding Free Masons, fully prove the truth 
of Morgan's publications; therefore, 

Renolved, That we will not vote for a Free Mason, knowing him to be such, for any 
civil office, unless he renounces membership. 

Resolred.thaX we recommend to the citizens of the different townships in the county 
to meet in their several townships and express their sentiments on tliis subject and 
correspond with us. 

Resolved, That Matthew Nelson, William Harshe and Major Harper be a standing 
committee to correspond willi other townships in the county on this subject. 

Resolved, That if there should be an Anti-Masonic press set up in Beaver, we will 
give it all the encouragemsn' in our power. 

ke:lief for Ireland. 

The great famine in Ireland, in 184-7, caused generous hearts and 
liberal hands to respond in all parts of our country to the cry for aid 
that arose in that suffering land. In this response Beaver county was 
not last. A pul)lic meeting was hold February 2H, tlie same year, in the 
courthouse, witli John B. Siiannon as chairnum, tmd Benjamin Wilde, 
H. Small, Edward Hoopes and Joshua Logan, secretaries. A committee, 
consisting of Hon. John Dickey, Dr. B. B. Barker, John Collins, 
Edward Hoopes, William Henry, John Irons and John Mulvannon, was 
appointed to draft resolutions expressive of the sense of the meeting. 
Their report revealed, briefly, the suffering condition of the Irisli people 
in their native land, and appealed in elocpient terms to all classes of 


citizens to contribnte liberally for their relief. A central committee to 
supervise the contributions from Beaver county was aj.pointed, consist- 
ing of Hon. Thomas Henry, Benjamin Wilde, Hon. John Dickey, Dr. 
R. B. Barker and Edward Hoo]ies. 

This met at Beaver on the 24tli, and appointed Hon. Tiiomas 
Henry chairman, and Benjamin "Wilde secretary. 

The following named gentlemen were appointed sub-committees 
for the several election districts in the county, for the purpose of 
receiving subscriptions of breadstuff s and money — to be forwarded 
under the direction of the central committee, to an eastei'u port, for 
sliipment to Ireland: 

Ilo/-oui//i — David Minis, Hugh Anderson, Joseph French, Patrick 
Mulvannon, J. R. Blaine, William Davidson. 

BrhjlitDn Toumship — James D. Eakin, Richey Eakin, Wm. Edgar, 
James Potter, Jas. Jackson, Jr , Henry Small. 

Ohio — George Dawson, James Harper, Benoni Dawson, Benjamin 
Todd, Jr., Thos. Hunter, John Henderson. 

South Beaver — .lames J>adders, Esq., Miijor John McMillen, James 
Cook, Jos. Lawrence, Andrew McCloy, Wm. Barclay. 

Darlington — M. Elder, Samuel Dunlap, Wm. Eakin, Tliomas 
McKinley, Col. Robert McMinn, H. Veon. 

Little Beaver — James T. Robinson, William Adaii', Archibald 
Reed, Thomas Dungan, Esq., George JMcTvean, Wm. Tayloi-. 

North Beaver — John Clarke, Capt. AVilliam Chambers, Dr. R. 
McClelland, Maj. E. Wright, John Ferguson, Esq., David Forbes, Col. 
Jas. Miller, Jacob Bear. 

Big Beaver — Robert Wallace, Andrew Calhoun, Hugh ilcCready, 
Samuel Jackson, Esq., John Davidson, P. M.. Wm. H. Powers. 

Chiji/ieiea — Robert Doutliitt, .Tohn White, Jr., Joseph Niblock, 
John Duff, Wnr. Scott, Wm. Bredin. 

Patterson — Hon. J<ihii Carothers, James Patterson, and Archd)ald 
Robertson, Esqs. 

FaUston — James Carothers, James Duncan, Hugh McCollough, 
Esq., Samuel Edgar. 

Rochester — Jose[)li Irwin. Esq.. J. II. Whistler, Lewis Reno, David 

Neio Brighton and District — John C. Rainbow, AVm. AVilde, 
Gawin Dunlap, Dr. Wm. II. ('iiand)erlin, .lames Wallace, B. R. 

'North SeuncHei/ — Solomon Bennett, Es(]., David Kennedy, D. 
Main, Esq., Cull)ertson ('low, .lames .Jackson, .James Wilson. 


Wiii//ie — Alexander Akin, Robert Meluinl, Win. (4astoii, ('apt. 
Jolm Mothei'al, Capt. Wm. Wilson, lienjaniin Cunningham. 

SJu'iiango — Ur. Josepii Pollock, Charles J\k'Kee, .John C. Ault, 
Esq., James Cubbison, A. Newell, James Warnock, Esq. 

Slljjperyroch — James Henry, John Armstrong, Esq., James Frew, 
Major Jacob Ilouk, Da\'i(l Kanisey, Thomas Alford. 

Perrij — AVm. Morton, Esq., Wra. Morrison, Esq.. Kubcrt White, 
Mark R. Clark-, William Piice, Alexander Fombell. 

Marion — Itobert Greer, Esq., Thos. Wilson, Jr.. Thomas M(jffat, 
Joseph Piiillis, Wni. ]\recklem. Thomas B. Elliott. 

Wew tSewit'kiet/ — David Shanor, Esq.. Robert Boggs, Robert Mc- 
Cauley, Peter White, James Boren, John Feazel. 

Econoimj Township — Wm. Dunlap, Esq., Wm. Minis, Jr., David 
White, John Minis, Samuel Downey, John Nealy, Esq. 

Economy Borough — R. L. Baker, John Shreiber, Jacol) Ilenrici. 

Freedom Borough and District — Martin Fisiiei-, Esq., Thomas G. 
Kerr, Esq., John (Trahani, James McConnell, Joseph Smith, Philip G. 

PhiUipslnirg — Francis Le Gonllon, Dr. Acker, O. P. Shiras, Jacob 
Wagner, F. Speyerer. 

Moon — Wm. Elliott, Esq., Isaac Campbell, John T^ouds, Roliert 
Nevin, Major Thomas W^. Ayres, Robert Alcorn. 

Tlojjewell — Henry Reed, Major Robert Scott, Robert Richey, 
James McCallister, Jas. Irons, Alexander Thompson, Jr., Daniel Christy, 
Esq., John Holmes, Esq. 

Franli-fort — James Cameron, Joseph Jfillei', Esq., James Morrison, 
James Sterling, John Roberts, W. R. P'oster, Wm. Carothers, Esq. 

McGu ire's — Samuel Patton, Esq., Maj. James Harper, Samuel 
Bigger, David LittoU, Israel Beabout, James McKinley. 

(Ireene — David Ramsey, Esq., Robert McFerran, Esq., Col. James 
Bryan, Jas. Mackall, Samuel Reed, Joseph McCready, Samuel 
McLaughlin, John Sterling. 

Raccoon — Wm. Littell, Robert ifoffit, John Potter, Bobei't Potts, 
Col. A. McCoy. 

Hiram Stow, Es(j., was then appointed treasurer of the funds. 

A ministerial address to the people of the county was published by 
Revei'ends B. C. Critchlow, Jacob Mori'is, Isaac M. Cook and D. L. 
Dempsey. Contributions, however small, wei'e sought from all classes, 
and an urgent appeal made for immediate action. The response was a 
lil)eral one. Tiiere were shi])jK'd from the county 4,?i(i().V bushels of corn. 


145 barrels of flour, 10 barrels of wheat, ISJ bushels of wheat, 1 barrel 
of barley; in addition to which 140 barrels of kiln-dried corn meal were 
purchased and shipped from Pittsburgh. 


The sympathy which Beaver county, in comnum with the whole 
country, felt toward the distinguished Hungarian patriot, Louis Kos- 
suth, in his heroic efforts to secure freedom for liis native land, was 
manifested on the occasion (if the hitter's visit to this country in 1852. 
A meeting for the pur])ose of appointing delegates t(j gi'eet him u])on 
his arrival at Pittsliurgh, and to convey to him, l)oth in words anil in the 
more substantial testimonial of pecuniary assistance, assurance of the 
deep intei'est the county felt in his liehalf, and encouragement and aid 
to further efforts toward liis country's freedom, was held at the court- 
house in IJeaver, Fi'iday evening, .lanuaiy 0, 1852, with Joshua Logan 
in the chair, Ovid Finney, David liamsey, V. F. Sj)eyerer, and Dr. T. 
J. Chandler, vice-presidents, and Joseph 11. Wilson and "William Den- 
linger, secretaries. Vigorous resoliitions, condemning the Taction of 
Austria in endeavoring to crush Hungary, and proffering the latter 
country symjiathy and aid on the princi])les of national justice and inde- 
jiendence, Avere unanimously passed, and a committee, consisting of 
Ovid Pinney, Benjamin Wilde, Joseph IL Wilson, Willian: L. Dickinson, 
D]-. T. J. OhaniUer, J. J. Anderson, D. P. AVoi-k, Mattison Darragh and 
Charles Fiathowski was appointed to secni-e funds to assist Hungary's 
noble struggle for civil and religious liberty. 

A delegation, comprising 121 of the most distinguished citizens of 
the county, proceeded to Pittsburgh and conveyed the resolutions above 
mentioned to Kossuth; also through Mr. G. C. Speyerer, treasurer of 
the Beaver county Kossuth fund, presented to him the county's con- 
tribution, which amounted to S200, receiving in reply a very neat and 
approjiriate expression of thanks. 


T/ie Bi-'dver Counfij BUiJe Soc'ietij was organized January 6, 1840, 
by a meeting held in the Nf. E. church in Beaver, of which liev. A. O. 
Patterson was chairman, and Eev. A. Williams secretary. A constitu- 
tion was ado])ted wiiicii announces the oltject of the society to be the 
disti'ibution of the sacred Scriptures without note or comment in the 
county. The election for hrst officers resulted as follows: President, 
Hon. Thomas Ileniy; vice-presidents. Judge Benjamin Adams, Eobert 
Darragh and Samuel Todd; reconling secretary, Joim P. Foster; cor- 


responding secretary, Ilev. A. Williams; treasurer, James Allison, Jr. 
The treasurer's first annual i-eport, made in January, 1841, showed the 
I'eceipts of the society to be §84.36, and the ex{)enditures, $43.86; thus 
leaving a balance of $40.50. At the same date, the following officers 
•n'ei'e chosen for the year 1841 : President, Hev. J. Monroe; recording 
secretary, J. P>. Foster; corresponding secretary, Joshua Logan; treas- 
urer, Samuel Todd. The next officers recorded are those of 1845, who 
were — president, Ilev. ~R. Hopkins; vice-presidents, Hon. Thomas Henry, 
Rev. William Stewart and Ilev. A. Bowere; secretary, Joshua Logan; 
treasurer, Andrew Stewart. No furtlier notice is found of this society. 
Its successor, bearing the same name, was organized at the United 
Presbyterian church in Beaver, Monday evening, A])ril 2, 1866. The 
first officer's consisted of — president, Rev. James M. Smith; vice-presi- 
dent, Joseph C. Wilson, Esq.; secretary, John R. Slentz ; treasurer, 
Robert Imbrie; executive committee consisting of t^'O members from 
each church, — Presbyterian, Rev. D. P.Lovvary and Hon. Henry Hice; 
United Presbyterian, Joseph Anderson and John R. Slentz; Methodist, 
Rev. R. T. Taylor and Rev. James S. Bracken; Episcojjal, Rev. J. T. 
Prothren and Thomas Franklin; Ba]itist, James Porter and John Wea- 
ver ; Protestant IVfethodist, Rev. William Reeves and George Alex- 
ander ; Reformed Presbyterian, Samuel Gibson and Isaac Shane ; 
Lutheran. Rev. Henry Reck. 

A constitution, embracing thirteen sections, was adopted. 

T/ie Beaver Covhiy Sinulai/school Associdfion was organized at 
Beaver May 2, 1867. Mr. J. E. Gilbert, of Buffalo, X. Y., editor of the 
Sundav-schooi Standard, was present and delivered an address on the 
historv of the Sunday-school movement. A constitution was adopted, 
and a ])ermanent oi"g;inization, with the following officers, was effected: 
President. John F. Dravo; recording secretary, Geoi-ge M. F. Fields; 
cori'es|)on(lingsecretai'y. Rev. D. P. Lowary; treasurer, Walter Dunla]). 

Tiie successor of this association was organized in Kew Brighton, 
in 1874, bv representatives fi-om thirteen Sunday-schools, embracing 
the minister, superintendent and one delegate from each school, with a 
purpose of mutual instruction, exchange of views, and discussion of new 
and successful features in the work. 

The officers at present are I. F. Mansfield, president ; F. S. Reader 
and M. B. Sloan, secretaries; D. Singleton, ti'casurer. In the year 
closing April 30, 1887, there were enrolled in the society's books 84 
schools, witli over 200 delegates to tiie annual convention. The con- 
dition of the society is excellent, the work proceeding with harmony 


and satisfaction. It is estimated tiiat twenty-one per cent of the 
count}' population attend Sunday-scliool; and of tlie members of the 
sciiools represented in the association, over 300 united witla the churcli 
durino- the last year. 



MiNEKAL Resources — Oil — Natural Gas — Agricultuke and Agei- 
cv. LTUK AL Societies — M anufactu EiNt;. 

IT is a doetn'iu' of jxilitical economy tliat there are tliree great sources 
of wealth: 

Firnf: Tliose materials whicli are (hig from the earth in the foi'm 
of ores, rock, oils, gases, etc. Seomd : Tliose which grow from the 
the eartli in the form of herbs, shrubs aiul trees. Third : Those which 
are made, by the 'industry and ingenuity of man, from tliese two 

The mineral resources of the county have always been acknowl- 
edged to be good. To say nothing of the quarries of stone, coal in 
abundance aWd of the best quality has been dug. The Cannelton coal 
mines, near Darlington, were opened in 1838, and iiave been in o})era- 
tion continuousl\' ever since. The shi])uients for the past twenty-two 
years have averaged 1."),<i(hi tons ]ier aiiiiuni. finding a market with the 
gas companies along the northern lakes aiul New York state. The 
basis is local and avei'ages nine feet in thickness. The slate under the 
coal IS noted for its well preserved fossil animals and ]ilants. Hon. I. 
F. ]\Ianstield, miner of cannel and bituminous coals, has discoveretl and 
described in the Pennsylvania (xefjlogical reports over -KJO distinct 

.Superior (|uality of oil liasbeen found in vai'ious])arts of the county. 
In ISdi;, Thomas Ashe, an English gentleman, traveled extensively in 
the Tnited States "with the sol(> view of e.xamininii- this interestine: 
country." He desceniled the Oiiio, stoi)ping at various points in Beaver 
county. At C-ieorgetown he nuule a series of e-xpei'iments. which he 
subsequently published at Eondon in three volumes. He thus recoi'iis 
his observations : '■ (Tcorgetown is a small but rtourishing place, just 
above tiie mouth of Mill creelc. It is ])leasantly situated on a very high 
bank. ■■■' * * 





'• Nearly opposite Georgetown, and a- few yards from the shore, a 
spring rises from the bottom of the river, which produces an oil nearly 
similar to Seneca oil. I conjecture that this must proceed from a long 
bed of mineral coal in tlie vicinity of the spring." He took a gourd 
full of tliis water covered with oil, and submitted it to the best tests at 
his commaiul, and decided that oil in vast quantities would some time 
be discovei'ed. For a time the inhabitants immersed woolen blankets 
in th(5 water, thus saturated with oil, and ringing them, secured from 
two to tlirec gallons of oil per da\', which was worth from one to two 
dollars per gallon. The prophecies of Ashe were fully vei'itied. About 
the opening of t!ie late war. borings for oil in the region of Smith's 
ferry and (Tlasgow revealed immense siijijilies of crude oil. such as Ashe 
attempted to analyze. 

The lieaver division of the great Pennsylvania oil lieid, embracing 
Smith's ferry, Oiiiovilie and Slipperyrock. commenced producing in 
December, 1860, oil at a distance of 18U feet. Tlie products for the 
various years were as follows: 

1801, 2(»,0(X» barrels; 1862,30.000: 1863, 20,000; 1864,15,000; 
1865, 20,000; 1866,25,000; 1867,20,000; 1868,20,000; 186'.t, 20,000 ; 
1870, 20,000; 1871,20,000; 1872,25,000; 1873,30,000; 1874,30,000; 
1875,35,000; 1876,35,000; 1877,62,000; 1878,92,000; 1879,82,000; 
1880, 1(13,000; 1881, 100,000; 1882, 80,000— total, 904,000 barrels. 

The products of the years subsequent to 1882, as well as the prod- 
ucts of other fiekls like those of Economy, Shannopin.etc , we are unable 
to give. They W(;uld have been, doubtless, very satisfactory, showing 
that this source of wealth exists in abundance in the county. 

The discovery, within the last few years, of natural gas in various 
})arts of the county, Baden, New Sheffield. Woodlawn, etc., has greatly 
increased the means of furnishing clieap heating and illumination for 
domestic and manufacturing purposes. In the procuring of this gas, 
as well as in its manifold ap|ilications to economic purposes, extensive 
outlays of labor and capital have been employed, producing new thrift 

Not only is Beaver county given to mining, but to the less exciting 
but no less honorable pursuits of farming. Her toilers in the field have 
been an integral p;irt of her population, disposed to keep pace with the 
steady march of events. Improvements in farming have characterized 
iier])('ople. Within the memory <.if some still living has tlie wooden 
mold-board given way to the left-handed Oliver chilletl ])low, or even 
the steam plow. The transition from the clumsy hand sickle that cut 


twenty-five dozen of wlieat ]>or day to that of tlie oi'dinary cradle 
whicli, skillt'ulh' lianiUed, would cut one hundred dozen, was no greater 
than that from the cradle to the seli-hindiuo- reaper that economizes 
both time and lalior. From the ninil)le Hail tn the improved steam 
thresher is a ciiange of great niagnilude to he made in less than h;df a 
century. The fertilizing and underdraining of soil are comparatively 
modern practices, whose necessity is being appreciated more and more 
by the progressive farmei'. Farm journals and other species of litera- 
ture adapted especially to the needs of this worthy class of citizens are 
taking their rightful place among tiie agencies that will enrich and 
beautify rural homes. 

As showing the line of progress in agricultural knowledge, a few 
miscellaneous facts may be stated : John Martin, oi South Beaver 
to\vnslii[). announced through the papers in 1831 that he had pui'chased 
the right to sell Joel Duey's ])atent threshing-nnichine. He sold town- 
ship and indiviilual rights, and ap])ende(l a certificate liy [)rominent citi- 
zens to the effect that they had seen the machine in operation and that 
it had threshed twenty-six dozen of damp wheat in less than an hour, 
thi'owing the grain out of the straw. 

It is claimed by A. 1!. AVolf, aged seventy-three years, that the first 
reaping nnichine in the county was employed on the farm of his father, 
John AVolf, in 1S50. It was known as the Ilussey reaper. It was, at 
the time, regarded with much curiosity aiul no small anujunt of suspi- 
cion. 1)ei no- considered an innovatiou on thecuri'ent method of cuttiu"' 

liiiliemian oats swindling is, byname, a modern ])ractice; and yet 
the princi|)le has been in existence since the first settlement of the 
country. People, even the honest yeomanry of the land, are often 
swindled. For a time they are bitter in their denunciation of all 
schemes that look towai'd the improvement of their lauds, or im])le- 
ments or products. AVliile frauds are sometimes perpetrated at the 
e.xpense of the unsus])ecting, stock dealers, fruit-tree agents, booksellei-s, 
etc., have all been im|i()rtant factors in the general improvement of 
society. They have been benefactors whose memory should be held in 
grateful regard. The cure for the ills to which farmers will ever be 
subject is to be fouinl in intelligence. The county paper, the fai'ui jour- 
nal, scientific bocjks, literary and other associations will serve as pro- 
tection. The ])eople ofteu perish for lack of knowledge. 

In lS.'5t>. the Jfont.s multicauJin, a sjjecies of Chinese mnlberi'v. 
was introduced iuto Heavei' countv. Silkworms and silkoft!u> linest 


quality were to be I'aised. A " boom '' in real estate began. An excite- 
ment akin to that ]irodaced l)_v modern coal oil or stock speculation 
seized the jjeople. Lantl was sold at fabulous prices, laid out in lots, 
and the plant was extensively set. The result was a failure to realize 
wliat was expected. Lots bought at enormous pi'ices Avere sold by the 
siieriff at a mere nominal sum. The wealth of Croesus which some 
fondly hoped to possess Avas never realized, but was supplanted by 
poverty and mortification instead. Combined with the financial crash 
of 1837, the Moras nmlticaulis scheme produced pressing times to 1841. 
The sheriff monopolized the public press with notices of forced sales. 
David Somers coined money in this manner. William Henry, in the 
Argils of February 3, ISil, saiil : " Our columns are monopolized to 
a great extent by the shei-iff, with his sales and Jiens, to the exclusion 
of almost ever^'thing in the way of news. It affords us no pleasure to 
have our columns thus tilled, exhibiting as it does the pressure that 
j'et prevails among the people, and which must continue, to some 
extent, until the heavy debt lianging over us is liquidated." 

Sheriff sales are usually accepted by editors and officials as fat 
things; but an honest editor could not rejoice over the misfortunes of 
the masses. 


The organization of the Beaver County Agricultural Society was 
due to a general agitation of the subject, carried on in the county 
papers for a perioil of nearly ten years before decisive action was 
taken. The first meeting called for the purpose of discussing the mat- 
ter was foreshadowed in the Argus dated February 28, 1844, in which 
the following announcement appeared : 

A(;iticri,TUR.\L Meeting. 

Tlie farmers of Beaver county are requested to meet at the courthouse, in Beaver, 
ou Monday evening, 4th day of March next (court week) for the purpose of forming an 
agricultural society for Beaver county. Farmer. 

Whether the meeting was well attended, or what action was taken, 
does not appear, as the files of the paper do not contain the next issue. 

The subject was not dropjted, liowever, as the following from the 
Argus, dated May 22, 1844, will ])rove : 

A meeting of the Beaver County Agricidtural Society will be held at the court- 
house, in Beaver, on Monday evening, the 'Sd da}' of June ne.xt, at which time a consti- 
tution will be submitted, and an election for officers held . The township committees 
appointed for obtaining subscribers will be expected to report May 20. 

264 HISTORY OF heavkr county. 

In the same issue of tlic ])ai)er appears the foUowing : 

The adjourned meeting at the couitlioiise was organized by the appointment of the 

following officers : 

t'hainnan, William Morton, Esq. 
I Thomas Disg.^k. 

Vice-presidents, ]J^--^;--^; 

[Tiio.MAS Nicholson. 

o . ■ \ RohertMcFerrin. 
Secretane.s, -^ j^^^,,^ ,j, jjo,,^^,,,,^,^,. 

Treasurer, David Minis. 

The constitution submitted by the committee, of which Col. Adam Hau.sman was 
chairman, was adopted. It consisted of nine articles, defining the duties of officers and 
rights of members. 

Meeting adjourned to meet in November next. 

No further notice of tiie al)ove meeting ever appeared. However, 
in 1845, the following announcement was made in the county pa])ers: 


In accordance wMth a public notice given in the newspapers, a meeting of the Bea- 
ver County Agricultural Society was held at the courthouse in Beaver, on Tuesday 
evening, March 18. for the purpose of electing officers for the society, pro tern., until 
the annual meeting on the first Wednesday in November ne.\t. 

The meeting was organized by appointing William Morton president, and Adam 
Bausman secretary. 

On motion of D. Minis, the society proceeded to the election of officers, whereupon 
.John Wolf was unanimously elected president; A. Bausman, recording secretary; Kob- 
ert MeFerren, Esq,, corresponding secretary; David Minis, treasuier. 

The following gentlemen were duly elected vice-presidents of the society, and 
together with the above named officers will compose the executive committee : 

Hugh Anderson, Borough township; Jamas Sterling, James Harper, Hanover; 
Ovid Finney, Joseph Irwin, Rochester; John Sutherland, Brighton; Hon. John Nes- 
bit, John ClarUe, North Beaver; James T. Robinson, Samuel Jack.son, Little Beaver; 
William Jlorton, Joseph Jlorton, Perry; Jon. L. Leet, Evan Townsend, Culbertson 
Clow, North Sewickley; Thomas Cairns, Slienango; Thos. Thorniley, Fallston; A. W. 
Townsend, New Brighton; R. L. Baker, John Neely, Esq., Economy; Philip Vieary, 
David Slianer, Henry Wolf and B. R. Bradford, New Sewickley; David Scott, Jr., 
Hopewell; D. Minesiuger. Greene; Hon. John Carothers, Patterson; William Elliott, 
Esq., Moon; Samp. Kerr, Raccoon; George Dawson, James Scott, Thomas Moore, 
Samuel Duncan, Ohio; John McMillen, Matthew Elder, South Beaver; Azariah Ininan, 
Joseph Niblock, Chippewa; Thomas Alford, Slipperyrock ; Robert Wallace, John 
Imbrie, Big Beaver; Joseph Phillis, Marion; Benj. Cunningham, AVayne. 

On motion, liesolved. That the proceedings of this meeting be published in the news. 

papers of the county. 

AVilliam AIoron, President. 
A. Bausman, Secretary. 

Although the publication of ihe al>ove notice would seem to indi- 
cate considerable vitality on Ihc p;irt of this society, yet its duration 
was short. .lust what was accom])lished hy this organization heyond 


the stimulus it gave to tlie efforts of its inemljers toward a jiermanent 
agricultural society, is not known. Its direct results never manifested 
themselves; and no further record of its existence has been found. 
But it is evident that public sentiment was aroused, and that the citi- 
zens of the county were fully aware of the benefits to be derived from 
such co-operation. Ts^otices appeared quite frequently in the papers 
that serve to demonstrate tlie truth of tiiis statement. 

In the ,l/Y/"s of February 20, lS5o, is a communication signed 
" Flnmen Pomonalis," ui-ging in very strong terms the formation of an 
Aji'riculturai. Iloi'ticultui'nl and Pomological Societv. 

On December 20, 1852, Mr. Michael Weyaiul. present editor of 
the Beaver Times, came out in tlie Aiyus with a,n editorial in whicli 
the subject was again revived in very em[)hatic language, and in the 
same issue of the paper appeared a. call from an unknown cori-espond- 
ent for a meeting to organize such a society. 

All these many expressions of public interest were not in vain; 
their fruit was about to be gathered. A meeting was held at the 
courthouse Wednesday evening, January 20, 1853, which was to effect 
the tinal organization of the long-wished-for society. Of this meeting- 
Judge Joseph Irwin was chairman. Thomas McKee and Thomas 
McKinley were vice presidents, and the secretary was William Henry. 
At a previous meeting a committee on constitution had been appointed. 
Their report, which was now adopted without amendment, embraced 
eleven articles in the constitution and nine in the bj'-laws. It pro- 
vided that the name should be Beaver Countij Agricultural Society, 
and designated that the ]3urpose of this organization should be "to 
encourage and foster among the population of Beaver county the spirit 
of improvement in agriculture, horticulture and the mechanic arts." 
The first exhibition held liy the new society occurred September 20 
and 21, 1853, under the management of Hugh Anderson, president and 
superintendent, and William K. Boden. secretary. Annual exhibitions 
were held every year thereafter, excepting in 1862, when, owing to 
the excitement of the war and the financial depression of the country, 
it was deemed best to have none. 

A charter was granted to this society by the court, on motion of 
James G. Bliss, Esq., September 8, 1856. 

Following is a list of the officers, ]);ist iind jiresent, of the organiza- 
tion, as complete as could be obtained : 

1862, President, J. C. Wilson ; recording secretary, A. G. McCreary ; 
treasurer, Williiim K. lioden. 


1863, President, Andrew Curothers; recording secretary, A. G. 
McCreary ; treasurer, William K. Boden, 

1864:, President, Eobert Nelson ; recoi-ding secretary, J. P. Young 
treasurer, J. C. Wilson. 

1865, President, Pobert H. Barchw ; recording secretary, J. L. 
Anderson ; corresponding secretary, De Lorma Indirie ; treasurer, J. 
C. Wilson. 

1866, President, William Shrodes; recording secretary, William 
S. Barclay; corresponding secretary, De Lorma Imbrie ; treasurer, J. 
C. Wilsoii. 

1867, President, Hugh Anderson ; recording secretary, J. R. Ilar- 
ragh ; corresponding secretary, Joseph Ledlie; treasurer, J. C. Wilson. 

1869, President, Hugh Anderson ; recording secretary, PI, li. 
Moore ; cori-esponding secretary, Dr. D. McKinney ; treasurer, James 

1870, President, James Darragh ; recording secretary, II. li. Moore; 
corresponding secretary, W. S. Barclay ; treasurer, I. N. Atkins. 

1871, President, James Darragh ; recording secretary, Thomas O. 
Anshutz ; corresponding secretary', W. S. Barclay ; treasurer, I. N. 

1872, President, James Darragh ; recording secretary, Thomas O. 
Anshutz ; corresponding secretary', W. S. Barclay ; treasurer, I. N. 

1873, President, James Darragh; recording secretary, B. M. Ewing ; 
corresponding secretary, James Cameron ; treasurer, li. II. Cooper. 

1874, President, D. M. Donehoo ; recording secretary, II. R. 
Moore; corresponding secretary, James Camei'on ; treasui'er, R H. 

1875, President, William II. ilarshall ; recording secretary, II. R. 
Moore; corresponding secretary, ; treasurer, R. II Cooper. 

1876, President, James Darragh ; recording secretary, W. J. David- 
son; corresponding secretary, ; treasurer, Milton Reeil. 

1877, President, D. O. C. Patterson ; recording secretary, A. W. 
McCoy ; corresponding secretary, ; treasurer, ]\Iilton Reed. 

1878, President, Nicholas Todd, recording secretary, John Grae- 
bing, Jr.; corresponding secretary, ; treasurer, Jos. Ledlie. 

1879, President, Dr. D. McKinney; recording secretary, John 
Graebmg, Jr.; corresponding secretary ,^ ; treasurer, Joseph Ledlie. 

1880, President, James Darragh ; recording secretary, John C. 
Hart; corresponding secretary, J. W. Hankins ; treasurer, J. R. Eakin. 

1881, I'resident, W. H. Marshall ; recording secretary, Milton 


Reed; corresiionding secretary, William I'atton ; treasurer, Edward J. 

1882, President. P. McLaughlin ; recording secretary, Samuel 
Moody ; corresponding secretary, Jolm W. Ilankins ; treasurer. E. J. 

1883, President, P. McLaughlin; recording secretary, Samuel 
Moody ; coi-responding secretary, John W. Ilankins ; tre:isnrer, E. J. 

1SS4, President, Geo. E. Smith ; recording secretary, J. G. Mitchell ; 
corresponding secretary, ; treasurer, Henry Martsolf. 

188.5. President, Geo. E. Smith ; recording secretary, J. G. Mitchell ; 
corresponding secretary, J. P. Edgar; treasurer, J. IL Martsolf. 

1886, Pi'esident, George E. Smith; recording secretary, Edward S. 
Weyand ; correspor.ding secretary, John P. Edgar; treasurer, John A. 

1887, "President, George E. Sn;itli ; recording secretary, Edward S. 
Wevand ; corres])onding secretary, Joiin P. Edgar; treasurer. Jolm A. 


Beaver county lias, by vii'tue of its location, l)een given largely to 
manufacturing pursuits. The excellent water power affordetl l)y the 
Big Beaver and its tributaries early attracted the attention of men 
skilled in this important branch of human intlustry. Sawmills, flouring 
mills, cotton factories, woolen mills, distilleries, furniture estaljlish- 
ments, bucket and tub factories, tanneries, gun shops, cutlery establish- 
ments, steel works, agricultural works, car shops, glass factoi'ies, pottery 
and tile works, etc., s]irang up as if controlled by the magical power of 
Aladdin's lamp. When to the natural power of water was added that 
of steam generated by coal or natural gas, the influence was almost 
incalculable. Shielded by the protective policy of a government which 
seeks not only the development of its own inherent resources, but the 
employment of its immense stock of brain and muscle, furnaces and 
workshops and factories pre-empted the eligible sites on hillside and 
in ravine, and began to supply the world with the most perfect products 
to be found anywhere. The sand, the clay, the crude iron ore, the 
rough lumber, the unpolished rock, went forth as the embodiment of 
trained muscle and skilled intellect to bless and make happy humanity 
throughout the world. 

It is not our purpose to speak of these establishments in detail 
here. They will be found described in connection with the several 
boroughs and townships in other portions of tins work. 



The Aet Preservative— First Newspaper- in America — The Argus 
— Beaver Republican — Beaver River Gazette — Democratic 
Watchman — The Aurora — The Star— Globe and Star — Beaver 
Times — The Fallston and Brichiton Gazette — Beaver Valley 
News — The Tribune. 

ONE of the ricli legacies from the 15th century is tiie art of print- 
ing. True, the germ of the art existed in Egypt tliirty centuries 
before, when its people engraved raised characters and symbols upon 
tiles and cylinders which were subsequently impressed upon soft clay 
tablets that were baked and hardened. By means of these hieroglyph- 
ics, the annals of one of the oldest and wisest peoples of antiquity were 
imperfectly preserved from the destroying effects of the ruthless tyrant 

Who is to be accredited with the honor of inventing wooden types 
is not definitely settled; but John Gutenberg, of Mentz, is regarded 
as the first to cut type from metal. Shortly afterward he cut matrices 
in which movable types were cast. Though a man of some means, he 
soon became bankrupt by his numerous experiments, and was induced 
to associate with him a wealthy citizen named John Faust. Subse- 
quently, Peter Schaeffer, a scribe, was taken into this primitive printing 
company. About 1455, the firm issued the famous "Mazarine Bible." 

Gutenberg died in 146T, penniless and unhonored: but ])osterity, 
richly rewarded, will yet do him honor. His labors were not in vain. 
This highly -useful and revolutionary art spread, and was introducetl 
into the various cities of Europe, as follows: Paris, 1470; I'lorence, 
1471; Antwerp, 1470; Geneva, 1478; AHenna. 1482; Stockholm. 1483; 
Copenhagen, 1493; Cracow, Munich and Amsterdam, 1500; iulinlmrgh, 
1507; and Dublin, 1551. 

In 1630 the fii'st printing-press in the American colonies was set 
up in Cambridge, Mass. It was procured b}' subscription from Anistei'- 



dam, Rev. Jesse Glover acting as agent, and was donated to Harvard 
college with a font of type of forty-nine pounds. The first impression 
from this pioneer press was the "Freeman's Oath." In 1()C>S Avas 
printed, on this press, the first edition of "Elliott's Indian Bible," 
which was set wholly by an Indian, and required three years to go 
tlirough tlie press. Tiiis was the tii-st Bible printed in America. 

The first newspajier in America, entitled "Public Occurrences, 
Both Forreign and Domestick," was issued in Boston, Thursday, Sep- 
tember 25, 1690, by Benjamin Harris, the printing being done by R. 
Pierce. A copy is still preserved in the colonial state paper office in 
London. It is printed on the first tiiree sides of a folded sheet, two 
columns to a page, and each page about seven inches by eleven in size. 

In his announcement, the publisher said : " It is designed that the 
countrey shall l)e furnished once a. moneth (or if anv Glut of occur- 
rences happen oftener) with an Account of such considerable things as 
have arrived unto our Notion. 

"In order here unto, the Publisher will take what ]iains he can to 
obtain a Faitiiful Relation of all such things; and will ]«irticularly 
make himself beholden to such Persons in Boston wIkiui ho Icnows to 
have been foi- their own use the diligent oliservers of such matters. 

"That which is herein proposed is, First, That Memorable Occur- 
rents of Divine Providence may not be neglected ov forgotten, as they 
too often are. Secondly, That people eveiywhere mav better under- 
staiul the Cii'cumstances of Publique Afi'airs, both abroad and at home; 
which may nut only direct their thoughts at all times. Init at some 
times also assist their Business and Neg(jtiations. Thirdly, Tliat some- 
thing may be done towards tiie Curing nr at least the charming of that 
Spirit of Lying, wliich prevails among us, wherefore nothing shall be 
entered, but what we have reason to believe is true, re]iairing to the 
best fountains foi' our Information. And when there appears to be any 
material mistake in auytliing that is collected, it shall be corrected in 
the next.' 

This pioneer paper, projected on so lol'ty a plane, was not destined 
to live. The legislative autiiorities, four days after its issue, spoke of 
it as a pamphlet issueil contrary to law and containing "reflections of 
a very high nature." In their jealousy for the common Aveal they 
positively forbade "anything in jtrint without license first obtained 
from those appointed by the government to grant the same." Thus 
the first attempt to establish a journal in America "died a bornin." 
Many subsecjuent attempts have met a similar fate. 


Tlii^ first relij^ious newspaper in America is supposed to have been 
"Tlie Herald of Gospel Liberty," started by Elias Smitli at Purtsnioutli, 
N. H., September 1, 1808. 

In 1886 the number of publications in the ITnited States and 
territories was as follows: Daily, 1,200; Tri-Weekly, Iti; Semi-Weekl}', 
152; Weekly, 10,979; Bi- Weekly, 50; Semi-Monthly, 186; Monthly, 1,401; 
Bi-Monthly, :VA\ Quarterly, 93; Miscellaneous, 7; total in ITnited States, 
14,207; total in Canada, 701; Grand total in United States and Can- 
ada, 14,908. 

From these statistics, it will be seen that the mission of Benjamin 
Harris was not wholly in vain. Tliougli his work was short-lived, the 
faithful historian has rescued his name fi'om oblivion, and made it more 
enduring than though it had been engraven in bronze. 

In the following pages will be found a brief sketch of the varioiis 
journalistic efforts in Beaver count\^ Though all did not live, yet their 
efforts were not lost. Newspapers, like leaves, have their time to fall; 
but not, it may be, until they have achieved their destiny. 

Tiie first ])aper publishetl in Beaver county was T/ie Minerva. It 
began on the 13tli of February, 1808, in the town of Beaver, under the 
editorial management of John Berry. The oldest number seen by the 
writer is marked Vol. I, No. 29, dated Saturda}', August 27, 1808. 
Joseph Israel also appears to liave had some connection with the paper 
in its early days, ])robal)l_v in the capacity of publisher. How long the 
Minervd continued is not known. 

The borough records of Beaver for 1810 show that John Berry 
])resented against the council a claim for jiublishing three ordinances, 
three squares, §3.00; proposals for building a market house, one square, 
$1.00.— total, $4.00. This bill is dated 9th of January, 1810, and is 
endorsed: "Held under advisement."' Whether Berry was at that 
date publishing the Jliiterva, or whether h6 had launched another paper 
on the stormy sea of journalism, is not revealed. One thing is certain; 
the tardiness of his debtors to pay a just claim for services rendered 
was not calculated to inspire him with brilliant prospects of becoming 
suddenly wealthy. AY ere it not that printers are unlike other mortals 
in that they can subsist on fame, and good wishes, and frequent criti- 
cisms, and complimentaries, with possibly a rare specimen turnip or 
cabbage head presented as a foundation forajniff, funerals would have 
been more frequent. As a rule, however, they have little need of 
money. They can publish a ])aper of general interest and benefit for 
the notoriety' they secure; and hence the frequent ai)peals they make 


for subscribers to bring in wood, or potatoes, or onions, or oleomarga- 
rine instead of butter, wbicb can always be sold for cash, are not 
intended to be taken in earnest. They are just squiljs to fill up space. 

From tiie fact tliat the paper was the same in size, tyj)e and gen- 
eral make-uj) as the C'rms or Beaver Gazette, it would seem mere than 
probable that it continued till that paper was started, and hence is the 
legitimate jiredecessor of tiie Argns. If this be true, the Anjus can 
date its birth in ISOS, and is thus the fourth oldest paper west of the 
Allegheny mountains, its only seniors being the Commercial Gazette of 
Pittsburgh and the papers in Greensburg. 

In September, 1811, Joseph AV^. White ventured to start tlie ^Vestern 
Cabinet. Whether his constitutional advisers were incompetent or 
unwilling to succor this new plant until its existence was fully assured 
is not announceil in anything tiiat has survived the lapse of time. 
After a brief existence the Cahinet was dissolved and its spirit peace- 
fully departed to the "sweet by and by." 

The acme of journalistic entei'[)rise was reached when in May, 1813, 
the stormy periotl of the second war witli Grea^t Uritain, James Logan 
projected the Crlsig, and liis l)iT)ther, Antlrew Logan, the Bearer Ga- 
zette. These fraternal rivals continued their Kilkenny cat tiglit for a 
month, when (June, 1813,) tiieir interests wei'e consolidated under the 
firm of A. & J. Logan, and called the Crisis and Beaver Gazette. 

With varying fortunes this consoiidaiion continued till September, 
1818. A few numbers of the paper of this period are still in existence. 
Curtis & Bliss have in the ^1?y/'\'s office a copy called The Crisis or 
Beaver Gazette, Vol. II, No. 65, dated Beaver, Saturday, September 5, 
18 II. From tiiis it appears that the consolidated sheet began June 12, 
1813. It was four-column folio, lu-J by 1(\ inches; price $2 per yeai". 

On the 1st of September, 1818, the Western A/yas, the legitimate 
successor of the Crisis and Gazette, was begun by James Logan. In 
the issue of that date he says : "As we have been disappointed in get- 
ting our jn'ess in operation, and the public manifesting a great desire 
for the commencement of the publication of our paper, we have not 
been able as yet to issue proposals for a subscription to the Argtis ; we 
have, therefore, sent on the first numljer to the patrons of the Beaver 
Gazette, and if any feel a disposition to wnthdi-aw their patronage they 
can signify the same by a line sent to the editor ; otherwise we expect 
they will consider theniselves subscribers." 

In 1824 the Argus passed from the ownership of James Logan to 
tiiat of Tiiomas Ileniy, who had just closed his work as sheriff of the 


county. He was one of Beaver's '' men of mark," liavin(j-occn])ie(l tlie 
position of borough councilman, treasurer, assessor and constable, county 
sheriff, prothonotary, associate judge and treasurer, and representati\'e 
in both the state and national legislatures. 

During the ownership of the Aryiis by Tlionuis Henry, his son 
William was a workman and assistant. On the 21st of January. 1831, 
the jKiper was transferred in both its business and editorial management 
to William. In retiring Thomas said : "In making this change it is 
confidently anticipated the public will sustain no loss. Although he 
(William) is quite a youth, he possesses sucli a firmness and sobriety of 
character, combined with close application to business, as will, it is 
believed, be a sure guarantee to his sujtporters that he will issue a sober 
and respectable paper." 

Judge Henry was right. William Henry did jtublish a good journal. 
He was a vigorous writer who dared to ex})ress his convictions fear- 
lessly on evei-y jiublic question. Every problem having a moral side to 
it found in him an earnest and conscientious student. During the 
period of his connection with the paper it gave forth no uncertain sound 
on any ]niblic issue. A worthy successoi-, Michael Wevand, ])ronounces 
him, all things considered, tiie ablest newspaper man in AVestei-n IVnn- 
sj'lvania dui'ing his times. 

In the Aiyiis of April 9, 1S.3I^, occurs the following notice : " Mar- 
ried—On Thursday evening, 18th of April, 1833, by Eev. W. ilaclean, 
William Henry, editor of the Argus, to Miss Eliza S. Hamilton, of 
Sharon, Beaver county." Appended to this statement is the following : 
" In the absence of the editor, who is enjoying similar luxuries, the 
printer's devil takes it upon himself to acknowledge, with the above 
marriage notice, the receipt of a splendid slice of wedding cake, for 
which he i-eturns his thanks, and hopes that the parties maj', through 
lite, fully enjoy the new world upon which they have entered." 

In commencing Vol. XV., January 16, 1839, Mr. Henry said : "It 
has been our aim to endeavor to sti'engthen and maintain the moral 
and political character of the county ; to guard lier interests and assei-t 
her rights at all times fearlessly and faithfully." Owing to the delin- 
quencies of many non-productive subscribers, the editoi' confesses to 
have "suffere<l embarrassments and ]ierplexities " which conqielled him 
to continue, as he began eight years })revious, "to act as editor, com- 
positor, pressman and devil." 

On the 2d of August, 1843. the paper was enlarged, and the name 
changed from Western Argus to that of Beaver Argus. The editor 


said : '' We have long been disposed to drop the ' "Western ' pai't of our 
liead and make it more local and appi'opriate to our position ; for it is 
a disputed question whether we are in the AVest or in the East, the 
armory crmimissioners placing us precisely on the dividing line of these 
geographical divisions. So far as the })aper is known abroad, it is the 
Beaver AnjuH, and as we go Beaver first before all the AVest or all the 
woi'ld. all the Bedcers will iloubtless agree that it is a more appropriate 

In the issue of June 2G, ISyO, two changes are announced. 1. A. 
G. Henry, brother of William, is associated as a partner. 2. The })rice 
of the paper is retluceil from !t>2 to !t^l.50 per year, payable in advance. 
This jiartnership continued till November 26, 1851, when Michael 
AVeyand liouglit the interest of AVilliara Henry. The firm name became 
M. AYeyand and A. (t. Henry. In June, 1853, the iiame of the paper 
was again changed from Bea/oer Aryus to Beaoer Countii Anjiitt. 

The next change in tlie management occurred June 28, 185-1, when 
Jacob AVeyand bought A. G. Henry's interest, and the pa,j)er continued 
under the business and editorial management of the two brothers, 
Michael and Jacob AVeyand. The issue of June 28, 1854, contained 
the first allusion to the Know-Nothings, an organization which, for a 
time, crea,ted consternation in the ranks of both Democrats and Whigs. 
Of the efficient work done by these knights of the quill for the cause 
of human freedom and true government, the peo])le of Beaver county 
Icnow full well. Both wielded then, and do yet, caustic ])ens that dash 
off vigorous English whose meaning is always clear as crystal. 

On the 16th of December, 1857, Jacob sold to his brother Michael 
all interest in the Argus, and retired from the editorial ranks for a time. 
Michael continued to preside gracefully over the destinies of the paper 
till the dark days of secession and rebellion began to dawn, when 
(December, 1859,) he sold out to Samuel Davenport, l)y whom the jKiper 
was conducted till January 1, 1862, when T. C. Nicholson assumed edi- 
toriiil charge. 

In the issue of Wednesday, September 17, 1862 (the day of the 
Antietam battle), occurs the following paragraph : " The editor of the 
paper, T. C. Nicliolson, enlisted in ('a]>tain Dari'aglfs company of three 
years' men [he was given the position of fifth sergeant — II.], and is now 
with his regiment. The acting etlitors, Ilutan and Anderson, both vol- 
unteered under the late call of the governor, and left for Harrisburg on 
Monday. AVe are, therefore, left without sufficient force to carry on 
the ])a]3er j^roperly. We hope our readers will bear with us a short time 


till tliey return. We will trif and do the best we can under the circum- 
stances — ' angels can do no more.' The country seems to require all 
ahle-hodied men, and the next call may leave the Argus without even 


In the issue of February 11, 1863, D. L. Im I )rie announces the pur- 
chase by him of the interest of T. C. Nicholson, and assumption of 
editorial control. By him it was managed till November 9, 186:1:, Avhen 
I). W. Scott, Jr., assumed business and editorial management of the 
paper. In the issue of August 31, 1864, Mr. Imbrie makes this frank 
acknowledgment: "We are coinpelled to issue a half sheet this week. 
Mr. John Tallon, one of our hands, volunteered last week, and we are 
left "without sufficient force t(j issue a full sheet." Failures based on 
such loyalty are always pardonable. 

When Mr. Scott, a woi'thy young man, took tlie editorial chaii", he 
issued a salutatory so full of good sense that we give an extract : "There 
is a temptation for an editor to abuse the power tiiat lies in his pen. It 
is so easy to do lirilliant tilting in the editorial lists by slashing away at 
both the oifending anil the ofl'ended. Abuse is the easiest, as coui'tesy 
is the most difficult kind of writing to make readable; and. as it is a 
relief for the smooth-faced gaml)ler to vent, before he sleeps, his ])ent 
up malice on his wife ; so a heart naturally ill-willed makes a bile-si)igot 
of a pen — relieved when the venom is spit, no matter upon what. But 
there is so seldom good cause to l>e ill-natured in print that it would be 
safe always when I'eading ill-natured remarks to smell ' the rat ' of a 
bad heart near by." 

At the close of 186i Mr. Hcott sold his interest to M. S. Quay and 
J. S. Itutan, who, with the opening of 1865, became its proprietors and 
editors. On the 6th of April, 1865, Mr. Scott died of consumption in 
Hopewell township. He had been a student, for a time, of Beaver 
academy, and subse(|uently of Jefferson college, of which he was 
a graduate. His intention was to enter the Christian ministry, but fail- 
ing health induced him to enter the field of journaUsm, with the hope 
that it would be conducive to his recovery. Not so, however. 

Messi-s. (^Liay and Kutan advanced the subscription price from $1.50 
to $2 per year, payable in advance. On the isth of October, 1865, Mr. 
llutan bought Mr. Quay's interest, and took ]\Ir. J. L. Anderson as an 
associate, the firm name being J. S. Butan it Co. This lirni contiiuied 
till July, 1866, when Jacob Weyand again became sole proprietoi' and 
editor of the paper. In Novend)er, 1868, Colonel M. S. C^uay estab- 
lished tin; Iiiidleal, which became a spirited competitor with the time- 


honored Argus. With genuine ])lucl<: and enterprise ls\\\ Weyand 
greatly enlai'ged his jiaper, and pusiied its claims to ]iatronage, increas- 
ing its circulation. In this capacity he continued till the fall of 1S73, 
when the RadicaK under the management ol' James S. Kutan, by whom 
it had been purchased the previous year from Mr. Quay, was consoli- 
dated with the Argus under the name Argus and Radical. The 
consolidated pa])er was pultlished under the firm name of The Beaver 
Printing Company, of whicli Mr. J. Weyand became the business man- 
ager, and James S. Rutan pohtical editor. 

In December, 1879, kSmith Cui'tis, who had been associated with 
Mr. liutau as manager and editor of the Radiral, bought Mr. Kutan's 
half interest in the Radical mid Argus, and W. I. Heed bought Mr. 
Weyand's interest, Curtis becoming political editor and Reed business 
manager. September 1, 1885, W. F. Bliss and brother Ijonght Mr. 
Reed's interest, and the paj^er still continues under the management of 
Curtis & Bliss. 

The Rochester Daily Argus, a scion of the Wcckl y Argus, xewtwvQA 
to take its place on the turbulent waters of journalism in tlie month of 
May, 1883. It has doubled its size in four ycai's, and demonstrated its 
right to life, liberty and the pursuit of ha]i]iiness. Its destinies are 
guided by Curtis & Bliss, tlie pro]irietors of the old Argus, Howard 
Bliss being business manager, and ('has. R. Fraidc h.ical recording angel. 

A few general observations relative to tlie Argus mav not l)e 

1. While it has been Protean iji form and chanieleoii in color, it 
has always maintained a. vigorous ami consistent advocacv of the prin- 
ples of government as understootl by the ])arty to which it belonged. 

2. It has done more, ])erliaps, to mold piililic sentiment in Beaver 
county ill the direction of protection to home industries, and of 
unswerving loyalty to the state and general government than any other 
agency in the county. It has been the text-book in jiolitics and gen- 
eral economy for a wide and long-continued constituency. > 

3. It has numbered in its ranks as editors and contributors some of 
the brightest minds, not only of the county but of the state. 

4. Its pages from the first to the present embrace, sulistantially, 
the history of the state and national govei-nnient for three-cpiartiM-s of 
a century. 

That the pa|irr may, with iis huiuh'ed eyes for seeing the good 
tilings of life ratlier than the evil, cc^iitinue to behold the roots of things, 
in short, i)e a radical Argus, is the heartiest wish of its numerous friends. 


Tlie Bearer RepiiUlenn is tlie title of a tive-column four-page 
sheet, piihlislied b\' Logan A: Englisli. Tlie first numher seen is Iso. 1, 
of ^^^l. IV, Ijearing tlate June 3, 1S:50. From this it would seem to 
have ccjmmenced in June, lS::^(i. It was an advocate of the Jacksonian 
Democracv. In the issue of ]\Iay 5, 1881, Vol. iv, Ko. 48, A. Logan is 
editor and ])i'opriet6r. It floats the name of Andrew Jackson as the 
L)emocratic-Iiepublican candidate for the presidency. 

The Beaver River Gazette^ Vol. I, No. 5, bears date !March i;j, 
1834. It starteil as a six-column four-page sheet, at two dollars per 
year, the {tilots and proprietors being Dr. E. P.. I^arker and E. ('. Flee- 
son. In their preliminary announcement they declare that their 
" course in politics shall be decidedly Democratic." 

An attempt was made by the managers of the River Gazette to 
secure the RepuhJivaii. I'nder date of March 13, 1834, they intimate 
this as follows: "On the Tith inst. Mr. Logan entered into a written 
contract with Barker and Fleeson for the sale of the Repuhlican estab- 
lishment, wliioli he had for some time previous been anxious to dispose 
Q^ -A -X- ■::- 'Wijy he witiidrew from his contract we cannot guess, 
unless it be that some of his advisers thought the Rejp%iblican would not 
suit them in other hands." 

What became of these two partners in tlie Kilkenny cat fight is 
not revealed in either copy seen. We soon iind a new competitor for 
pubhc favor, known as the 

Democratv- Watchinan. This is tlie title of a four-page, six-cohimn 
paper, whose prospectus was datet! April 25, 1835. It was published 
in Beaver, every Friday, by J. Leeson, at two dollars per year, payalJe 
half-yearly in advance. It was gotten up in neat order; the copy 
seen. No. 14, of Vol. I. dated Septeinl)er 18, 1835, supported Martin 
Van Buren, of New York, anil Richard ;\1. Johnson, of Kentucky, for 
president and vice-president, respectively. For governor, it advocated 
George Wolf. Its county ticket embraced Samuel Power and Milo 
Adams, for the assembly; Samuel Jackson for commissioner; James 
Jackson for auditor; and James Ray and Elihu T. Pugli as trustees of 
Beaver academy. 

Like its predecessors and successors, the WatchnKHi had to yield to 
the mevitalile. Its departure reminds an unsympathetic world that 
newspai)ers, like persons, are remembered only for what they have 
done. ' "■ 

About the same time with tiie Watrlmiaii, a new weekly, called 
the Aurora, was iliscovered to the gaze of the political world, by James 



Logan & Co. The copy we li;ive been permitted to see is No. 22, of 
V(j1. Ill, (lilted September 13, 1838. From this it will be seen to have 
broken througii tiie cold darkness in tiie early part of (March) 1835. It, 
too, espoused the cause of primitive and unadulterated democracy'. Its 
flashes occurred from Beaver at the i-ite of t w<( dollars per annum, ])ay- 
able half-yearly in advance. 

The Star, or the Western Star, as it was then designatetl, was founded 
by Wasliington Biglerand William Denlinger in tlie autumn of 1813. 
It was started as a four-page, six-column sheet, neatly printeil and ably 
edited. Mr. Bigler was the youngest of three brothers, the othei' two, 
William ;ind .lolin, having been elected on the same day as governors 
of Pennsylvania and California, respectively. The suljscription price 
was !B2.()t> pel- annum in advance, or $2.50 if paid within the yeai'. It 
was a strong advocate of the principles of the Ueniocratic partv. In 
the oldest copy seen b}' the writer. No. 31, Vol. I, dated July 17, 1844, 
occurs a j)oem from which a single stanza is extracted. It expresses 
tlie sentiments of the party during the exciting Polk-Clay campaign : 


Our flag is there, our flag is tliere; 

Ildw swells our hearts to see it wave: 
It sweeps o'er freemen's moulii'ring boues, 

liiit frowns upon the traitor's grave. 
That Hag was raised in freedom's cause, 

When hearts and hands did well agree, 
We swear we will defend our laws, 

In spite of British Whiggery. 

Then let our tlag, then let our Hag, 

Upon the breeze triumphant play; 
We go for true Democracy — 

Let Whiggies worship Henry Clay. 

For the facts contained in the subsequent portion of this sketch of 
the Star, and tlie changes through which it passed, the writer is indebted 
to the courtesy of Dr. Robert S. Kennedy, late proprietor and editor, 
and to S. B. Wilson, Esq. 

Finally Mr. Bigler retired from the ])aper, leaving Mr. Denlin<'er 
m sole control. The latter continued the ]iublication for a number of 
years, when he was succeeded by Dr. 11. B. Barker and P. B. Conn, the 
latter now of the Steubenville Jlcrald. 

At this stage a conflict of authority arises. According to S. B. 
Wilson. Esq., the interest of Dr. Parker w;is secured by David P. 
Work. The next change was the sab' of the paper to Samuel Gaither 



iiiul A. C. Cdnley. Gaitlior retiriii;L:\ \l. Gi-coor McGregor Ijeciiiiie an 
associate of Coriley under the name of Conleyaml McGregor. Accord- 
ing to Dr. Kennedy's investigations, the Star passed from the iiandsof 
Barker and Conn directly to Joim Irons, wlio was in time succeeded by 
II. (Tfegoi' McGregoi'. From McGregor, according to tlie same 
autiiority, it passed tiiroiigli tiie hands of Samuel Gaithei- to A. C. and 
N. C I'arclay, who jiublished it for several years, and were succeeded 
bv O. S., now of A\'heelini;', AV. Ya. 

After the lapse of a few years. Mr. Long r'etired and Mr. R. 
Gregor McGregor again assumed charge in connection with S. li. Alex- 
ander. These gentlemen discontinucHl the publication; and after a short 
interval a Democratic pa]ier of the most radical tvpe called T/w Zoca/, 
and published by J. H. Odell, late of Omaha, Nebraslca, was founded 
as a successor to the •S'to/-, and pushed with great vigor. Mr, Odell was 
of an aggressive disjwsition, and engendered much opposition fi'om 
those whom he antagonized. He was indicted several times for crimi- 
nal libel and simdar offenses, and once, at least, served a short sentence 
in jail. Finalh', Mr. Odell sold his paper to Thompson Burton, now of 
Xew York city, and li. W. Williams, who published it under the firm 
name of Burton and AYilliams. Later the ])ublication was continued Ijy 
Mr. IJurton alone. Subsequently^ he sold to a Mr. Schwart/,. by whom, 
after a lirief ]ieriod, it was permitted to enter a state of iiniociKiiis 

John liigler, now of ('olonido, next revived the St((r as a successor 
to the Local, and continued the same for a time, when it fell into the 
tender hands of E. 15. AVilliams, who changed the title to that of The 
Conservafire. After a time it fell into a state of sus|>en(l('(l animation, 
from which, after the lapse of a considei'able ])eriod. it was aroused by 
the tender administrations of R. L. Treiberand ]\L .1. AVhite. After a 
short time Mr. White withdi'ew, leaving the management of the ])aj)er 
in the hands of Mi'. Ti'eiber alone for several yeai's. Untler his super- 
vision it entered a second time into a comatose state. 

About the year 187ti John S. IIoopes,of New Brighton, began the 
jmblication of the Beaver County Post as a successor to the Deinorrat. 
After a few months, he transferred all right and title to the Post to 
J. ]\r. Bhillis and M. J. White, who conducted it for less than a year, 
and ])ermitted it to depart in peace antl seek a home among its nuniei-ous 

On the first of Octoljer, ls77. The Comuioner was fouiuled by W. 
S. KciukmIv as a successor to the Poxt. Two vears later the name was 


again changed to Tht Star. Five years later (1884) Mr. Kennedy sold 
an interest in the pajier to C. F. AVhisler. For nearly a year the pub- 
lication was conducted by the tirni of Kennedy and AVhisler. At the 
end of this perioil, the paper was jiublished for ten weeks by C. F. 
Wliisler and L. W. Reed, after which Air. Kennedy I'esumed sole control 
and puldished the Star alone until September, 1887, when he sold it to 
John A. Mellon, of Beaver Falls, who consolidated the Star with the 
liMver Falls Gloh', and now continues the publicati(.)n in Tleaver' as 
The Glohe a)id Star. Thus the celestial and the terrestrial have been 
brought into close union; and the future histoi-ian will chronicle the 
results upon the destiny of Heaver count_v. 

The Globe and Star. — The Glohe was started at Beaver Falls in 
August, 1875, as a weekly i)a]>ei', its outfit consisting of material col- 
lected from various sources. It soon acquired a large circulation, and 
built up a good job ])rinting business. In September, 1887, its pro- 
prietor, ]\Ir. Mellon, bought out the Star of Beaver, and the two 
papers were consolidated under tlie title of Glohe and Star, becoming 
the Democratic paper of the county. Tlie pa,per, published weekly 
at Beaver, is edited by G. W. Penn, fnrmerly connected with similar 
woi-k in both New Castle and Beaver Falls. 

The Beaver Times. — This paper, a thirty-six column, four-page 
sheet, began its career on the first of Aj)ril, 1874, under the business 
and editorial manngement (if Aiichael Weyand, the Nestor of the 
Beaver county [iress, and one of the oldest active Bepublican editors of 
"Western Pennsylvania. It started. ai)out the time of the consolidation 
ot X\\Q Radical \\\i\\ the ^\r</ax. witli its present size, at the subscription 
price of 82.00 per year. 

It is su])plied witli the equipments of a well-regulated office, and 
does the work of a general Itook and jolj office. [For fuller information 
concerning its editor, reference is made to the article on the Anjus, and 
to the biographical sketch m another part of this volume.] 

The Fallston ami Brigldon Gazette, devoted to literature, morality, 
])olitics, news, agriculture, etc., was a four-])age, six-column sheet, pub- 
lished and edited by E. Iv. Chamber! in and N. P. Fetterman, at Fall- 
ston. The issue before us is No. 27, of Vol. I, bearing date February 
10, 1836; price, two dollars per year. The Democratic tendency of 
the ])aper can be inferi'ed from the fact that the names of Martin Van- 
Buren and Richard M. Johnson were placed in a conspicuous place for 
the positions of president and vice-president. 

In the paper, James Patterscm, P. M., advertises a list of uncalled- 


for letters at Brighton, and Dr. E. K. Chamberlin does the same at 

Ma\' 27, 1887, tlie paper appears with tiie same name as above, 
excepting that "And Beaver Falls General Advertiser" is appended; 
and Dr. John Winter has mounted the editorial trijwjd. Fi'om tiie 
issue of the above date we gather a number of interesting facts per- 
taining to the county. 

The Beaver Valley JVeim was established ]\[ay 22, 1874, in New 
Brighton, by David Critchlow and Frank S. Reader, the first number 
of tlie weekly being issued on that day, with Mr. Critchlow as business 
manager, and Mr. Reader, as editor. On the first of January, 1877, Mr. 
Critchlow sold his half-interest to the junior partner, who became sole 
proprietor of the paper. The weekly is a four-page, nine-column sheet. 
February 5, 1883, the daily edition was established, being a four-page, 
seven-column paper. The JVews is an independent Republican ])aper. 

What is now known as 77ie Trilmne, originated under the name of 
the Beaver Coniifi/ Enterprise during the year 1875, under the proprie- 
torship and editorsliip of John T. Porter. After a precarious existence 
of about one year tiie Enterjyrijie was purch;ised by Roberts & Van- 
Ilorn, Avho, like their predecessor, held tiie ownershi]i but about one 
year and then sold to Colonel Jacob Weyand, a veteran ex-editor, who, 
after owning the paper for about six months, sold a one-half interest to 
John H. Telford, a practical printer from Pittsburgh. Messrs. Weyand 
& Telford continued in jiartnershi]) for about one year, when the 
former sold out to Mr. Telford, who, since January 1, 1882, has suc- 
cessfully conducted the business, having more than doubled the mechan- 
ical facilities of the office, and is now ])ul>lisliing, in connection with 
the weekly Trilnme, a vigorous and healthy daily. 





War of 1812 — Roster of Troops — Thk Mexican War-^Texas Admit- 
ted AS A State — Deci.aratiox of War and the Raising of 
Troops — David A. Mrn 111:1.1,. 

THE war of 1812-15 found in Beaver county an earnest supporter 
in General Abner Lacock. His speeches in congress advocated a 
vigorous prosecution of the contest for the maintenance of Americ;in 
rigiits and Iionor. Tiie resj)onse from Beaver was in accord witli liis 
sentiments. Tiioronghly aroused, iier people have always indicated 
tiieir sympathy witii the government of tlieir fatiiers, and made cor- 
responding sacrifices for its maintenance. 

Tiie first two years of the war did not call out any troops from 
the county; but when the lake frontier was threatenetl in 181-1, her 
sons responded nol)ly, as will l)e seen by tiie roster of troops appended. 
These militiamen went to Erie. 

Major Samuel Bowers was inspector of the second brigade, six- 
teenth division of militia in the march to Meadville, under orders of 
the governor dated September 5, 1812. llis salary was $.")0 per month. 
His account against the state, covering pay, rations and forage for a 
period of 22 days, amounted to $57.20. A second account was a state- 
ment of the expedition against Erie, January and February, 1814, the 
bill for services, etc., aggregating $273.32. 

The pay to soldiers in the campaign against Erie in 1814 Wiis not 
sufficient to inflate them with the expectation of becoming suddenly 
wealthy. It ran thus : Captain, $40 per month; lieutenant, $30; 
ensign, $20; sergeant, $12; corporal, $11; and private, $10. 

Two regiments of militia were represented, the 138th and the 26th. 
All the companies except two belonged to the former. Appended is 
the roster of troops in the war, as obtained ])ersonally from. the records 
in the Auditor-General's office at ilari'isburg : 

Captain Duvid Knowles' company, liJStli regiment, Peunsjivania militia, coramandfd 


by Lieut.-Col. TJolicrt Miller, iiuder order of Major-General Mead, dated .Tanuary 1, 
1814, service comnienciiig January 12 aud ending February 22, 1814 : Captain, David 
Knovrles; lieutenant, James Withrow; ensign, William Cannon; sergeants, William 
Hunter, Alexander Johnson, Samuel Cross, Samuel Blackmore; corporals, George 
Crowe, Ethan Thomas, Joseph Wilson, David Anderson; privates, Anders-on, David; 
Anderson, James; Blackmore, Samuel; Brittain, Jeremiah; Bevington, Samuel; Cline, 
John; Cline, Joseph; Cannon, William; Calvin, Robert; Crowl, George; Cross, Samuel; 
Cunningham. James; Crowe, Henry; Cotton, James; Donald, Stacy; Dearinger, Joseph; 
Dickson, John; Eakin, William; Gibson, Samuel; Graham, Hugh; Grosscost, David; 
Gurrol, James; Hamilton, James; Henry, James; Hull, Gairham; Johnson, John; John- 
son, James; Johnson, Alexander; Johnson, Fergus; Kennedy, Thomas; Jjowry, Hugh; 
Louthan, George: Loutban, Moses; Moore, Thomas; McConnel, John; Mier, George; 
Mitchell, Hugh; Martin, William; McCague, Daniel; McGuffiee, Andrew; Moore, William; 
Martin, John; Phezzle, George; Porter, David; Pumphrey, William; Reed, Samuel; 
Ramsey, David; Ilayl, William; Sheerer, William; Stratton, Daniel; Seabrook, Archi- 
bald; Smith, Jesse; Thompson, Thomas; Wilson, Joseph; Wilson, James; Wolf, John; 
Wolf, Isaac; AV right, Richard. 

Captain David Clark's company of the same regiment, and for the same period, 
was recruited in the portion north of the (.)liio and west of the Big Beaver rivers, head- 
quarters at Darlington : Captain. David Clark; lieutenant. James Dunlap; ensign, 
Archibald Stewart; sergeants, James Davidson, John McCandles, John Imbre, Andrew 
Reed; corporals, David Tidball, Francis Johnson. John Edgar. John Curr}-; privates, 
Asa, Adams; AUsworth, Benj.; Aughenbaugh, P. ;Boal. Daniel; Bond, Jas;, Beer, John; 
Boies, David; Clelland, John; Carson. John; Cannon, Michael; Campbell, Matthew; 
Crum, Isaac; Courtney, Jacob; Chambers, John; Caldwell, William ;Cooglar, Benjamin; 
Dixon, William; Duff, William; Dunlap, John; Elder, John; Pilland, Thomas; Hog, 
William; Ilatlield, Adam; Hannah, Samuel; Hughes, John; Hunter, James; Hope, 
Adam; Hopper, Robert; Kagler. Henry; liOsier, Stophel; Losier, Peter: Lanphlin. 
James; Leslie, James; Leslie, George; Morrison, James; McMinn, Thomas; Malone, 
Emley; Miller, Samuel; Jloore, William, Sr.. McCoUough, James; McCready, Hugh; 
Moore. Andrew; Moore. William; Miller. Robert; McCready, Daniel; McCarler, James; 
McCaskey. William: Marquis. James: Marquis, Robert: McCaskey, Jobn;!Moore, John; 
McKibben, James; McKeeban, John; Marshall, J.; Nesbit, Francis; Parks, Samuel; 
Pitcher, Mitchell; Ruggle, Jacob; Reed, William; Reed, Robert; Reeve, Archibald: Ross, 
James; Ru.ssel, Robert; Reed, John; Shingledecker. Michael; Swaggers, George; Stacey, 
John, Stephenson, D.; Suman, John; Stinginger, George: Stephen.son, John; Severs, 
Charles; Sample. John; Truesdale. James; Vance, John; Woods. Andrew: \Vhitp. John; 
White, Nicholas; White, Nathaniel: Wickershaw, Adam; Wilson, William; AVarncr, 
Henry; Witherspoon. John; Young. Phillip: Young, William. 

Captain Wilson Caldoo's (since Kildoo or Kiddoo) company, recruited cast of Big 
Beaver and mainly in Sbenango, Slipperyrook and North Sewickley townships, now 
I^awrence county: Captain, AVilson Caldoo; lieutenant, Alexander Clemens; ensign, 
Robert Catty; sergeants, Thomas Caldoo, David Sadder, William McMurray, Thomas 
Walton; corporals, John Tidball, Adam Marshinner, John Whan, William McKim; 
privates, Brown, John;Blair, Samuel; Brittain, ,Iobn; Baldwin, Samuel; Custard, Joseph; 
Clark, David; Connor, John; Carothers, William; Cline, Henry; Davidson, Patrick; 
Davidson, Andrew; Egbert, Isaac; Foster, Thomas; Flynn. Thomas; Frew, James; Fox. 
Michael; Grass. Robert; Harris. Samuel; Henry. .Tames; Thomas. Hannah: Jackson, 
William; Jackson, James; Jolley, Levan; Joseph, Patrick: Lackey, Robert; Moore, 
John; McKey, Wm; Miller, Wm; Jlattocks. Wm; ]Miller. John; Jlller. AVm.; :McDowell. 

bb:aver county. 287 

William; Newton, Sabine; Pollock, Samuel; IJegley, Setli; Robinson, .To.sepli; Seward, 
Abner; StacUman. James; Sample, Sumnel; Vingder, Elias; Wilson. William; White, 
John; Whaun, Ephraim; Wright, Samuel; AVard, William; AVall, Jesse; Wallace, John; 
Wallace, Samuel. 

Captain Robert Lieper's company, 138th regiment. It was recruited on the "South 
Side." Captain, Robert Lieper; lieutenant, John Warnick; ensign, Joseph Calhoun; 
sergeants, David Wilson, Henry Davis, Noah Potts, Erastus Rudd; corporals, Joseph 
Brown, Aaron Sutton, Thomas Barnes, Thomas Potts; privates. Allen, Solomon; Apple- 
gate. David; Bruntou, Thomas; Barnes. Thomas; Brown. George; Butler, George; 
Beals, William; Creegthon, John; Grain, Adonijah; Douglas, Nathaniel; Ferguson, 
Hans; Grimes, James; Gilliland. John; Hamilton, James; Hannah. Alex.; Hovington, 
Zenas; Henr}-. Ha}-*; Hamilton, James; Latter. William; Lewis. John; Liper, William, 
McElheny, Robert; McCray, James; McHenry, Charles; McCune, William; Moore, 
Robert; McCure. Thomas; Nelson, John; Odell, John; Parkinson, James; Patterson, 
Guy; Reed, William; Reed, Alex.; Richmond, John; Seeley, Samuel; Stone, Jackson; 
Smith, Jr. John; Smilh, John; Shane. Cornelius; Santel, Alpha; Smith, James; Shive- 
ly, Jacob; Thomasburg, John; Veasey, Elisha; Vincent, Thomas; Wilhrow, Thomas; 
Wsiod, Silas; WiLson, James. 

The roll of this company is certified b}' William McCune, lieutenant; and yet 
no record exists of his promotion from private to lieutenant. In the receipt roll for the 
period from February 23 to March 23, he is reported as lieutenant. 

Captain William Calhoun's comiiany, 138th regiment. Recruited on the " South 
Side"; Captain, William Calhoun; lietitenant, Thomas Hartford; ensign, Benjamin 
Laughlin; .sergeants, Thomas Sevane}', Daniel Heckathorn, Adam Gibb, Robt. Neilson, 
Patrick Caughey; corporals, Jonathan Grimstaw, Andrew Hayes. William McCullough, 
James Allison; privates, Allison, James; Bear, Charles; Butler, Abiah; Baker, George; 
Carson, William; Clear, George: Cunnington, Clifford; Caughey, Patrick; Douglass, 
John; Decker, Daidel; Farrat, William; Foush, Michael; Ford, Eli; Hodge, William; 
Hall, James; Hartford, Thomas; Hight, Aaron; Hamilton, John; Jamison, William; 
Justice, Joseph; Kinners, James; Lockhart, Hiram; Lockhart, Allen; Laughlin, Wil- 
son; Laird, AVilliam; I^aird, John; Laughlin. Benjaunn; Langtit, James; Mercer, Not- 
tingham; McCaulej', Hugh; Miller, Samuel; JlcCuUough, Wm.; Jlyers, George; Neil- 
son, Robert; Neilson, William; Patten, Robert; Patten, James; Patten, William; Skil- 
len. Hugh; Sevauey, John; Snyder, Jacob S ; Shafer, Anthony; Sands, Andrew; 
Swaney, Thomas; Swany, Thomas; Thomp.son, Benj.; Thompson. James; Woods, 
William; Weitzell, Henry; Willoughby, Charles; Wilson, Wm. 

It will be seen that Thomas Hartford was promoted from private to be lieutenant: 
Patrick Caughey to be sergeant, and James Allison to be corporal, after the first month's 

Captain Thomas Henry's company, 138th regiment, recruited in and around Beaver. 
Service began January 12, 1814, and contiiuied until about 31st of March: Captain, 
Thomas Henry; lieutenant, Samuel Ramsey; ensign, James MclMilton: sergeants, Wm. 
Joseph, David Warnock, John Minnis, Gasper Snooks; corporals, Ahiman Stibes, John 
Bell, Solomon !Mains, .John Shanks; privates, Alexander, John; Alexander, William; 
Bennet, Robert; Bennet, Solomon: Borin, James; Bond, Hugh; Bradley, John; Beam, 
.lacob; Beggs, John; Caldwell, John; Craig, Archibald; Champion, George: Champion, 
Joseph; Davis, Samuel; Davis, John; Daugherty, Edward ; Dunbar, Samuel: Davidson, 
John; Daugherty, Daniel; Everhart, John; Embrie, Robert; Freed, Jacob; Ferguson, 
Robert; Ferguson, James; Feree, John; Feree, Jesse; Gardner, William; Gardner, 
Thomas; Grim, Michael; Graham, Wm.; Imbrie, Robert; King, John; Kennedy', Mat- 

288 in.sTOKY OF heavek county. 

thew; Lacock, Atlas E.; Maratta, Caleb; McConanghey, Edward; McGarvey, James; 
Moor, James; McMillan, John; Oldtrain, Absalom; Ridcllc, James; Riddle, James, Jr.; 
Reno, Benj.; Reno, Lewis; Ramsey, Samuel; Smith, William; Sloan, James; Small. 
Thomas; Scott, Isaac; Scott, John; Stairs, John; Slairs, Rol)ert; Thompson, John: 
Trash, Rufus; Wolf, John. 

Captain Armstrong Drennan'.s company, 1st Battalion 26th Regiment. Service 
from February l(i to March 22, 1814. Formed from all parts of the countrj- north of 
Ohio; Captain, Armstrong Drennan; lieutenant, Jacob Cline; ensign, Stephen Clark; 
sergeants, John Johnston, James Fowler, Robert Johnston, Michael Kyc, corporals, 
David Drennan. James Hamilton, John JlcConnel, George Sanford; privates, Andcr.son, 
Robert; Aughenbaugli, George; Adams, David; Adam, Alexander; Aughenbaugh, 
John; Allsworth, John S.; Bridgeman, John; Bales, Charles; Boggs, Robert; Boylen, 
Aaron; Cox, John; Courtney, Nicholas; Cheney, John; Cobren,John; Cannon, Joshua; 
Coleman, John; Cook, Benjamin; Cook, John; Downing, Samuel; Dickson, Matthew; 
Daugherty, Edward; Douglass. John; Daw.son, Thomas; Early, William; Freed, Peter; 
Graham, Christopher; Graham, Frederick; Hamilton, Hugh; Harkin, William; Har- 
binson, James; Hageman, Stephen; Herron. William; Hamill, John; Inman, Basil; 
Jackson, James; Justice, John; Jackson. Matthew; Justice, Ross; Justice, Matthew; 
Lippy, William; Lippy, Joseph; Murphy. John; INtcFarland. John; McFarland, Rol)t. ; 
McClelland, William; Jliller. James; Marshall, John; McCarter. Daniel; McCready, 
John; McCollough, James; McCollougb, William; McCaskcy. Andrew; McCalla.John; 
McGowen, Robert; McCaughty, Robert; McMinn, RobL'rt; Nihlock, Joseph; NiclioLson, 
Francis; Ness, William; Ne-bit, John; Pierce, John; Powell, Samuel; Percival, Jacob; 
Pedan, James; Pedan, Hugh; Rayl, Nathaniel; Robinson, Joseph; Regal, Abraham; 
Reed, Joseph; Smith, George; Scott, William; Sleut, Philip; Sheerer, John; Swagers, 
John; Sterret, George; Steen, Matthew T. ; Stewart, George; Vankirk, William; 
Vauata, James; Vanata, Thomas; Welsh, Andrew; W^ebster, Samuel; Wiley, William; 
Warnock, James; Wallace, Benjamin; Wells, .John; AVhittenberger, Adam; Whitten- 
berger, George; Wile.y. John. 

Captain Robert Imbrie's company, being 2d Company, 1st Battalion, 20th regi- 
ment, Pennsylvania Militia; commanded by Major Andrew Jenkins; served at Erie from 
15 February to 23 March, 1814; Captain, Robert Imbrie; lieutenant, James Henry; 
ensign, James Veasey; .sergeants; A. M'Kinnon, William Moore, John M'Cormick: cor- 
porals, William Roland, James Ferrel, John M'Coy, William Hammond; privates, 
Anderson, Thomas; Bottomfelt, Samuel; Bolliner, Simon; Bell, John, Jr. ; Bell, John; 
Bower, Samuel; Boyd, William; Boyd. Andrew; Brown. John; Cristler. George; Ca.ston, 
William; CaUloo, Jarae^; Clark, James; Cochran, James; Cyphey, David; Dermon, John; 
Daugherty, Richard; Daugherty, George; Eckles, Thomas; Eckles, John; Fisner, John; 
Fowler, Archibald; Fegans, John; Holmes, Joseph; Hutchinson, William; Hickey, John; 
Harvey, James; Hawk, John; Hawk, Jonathan; Hawk. Benjamin; Hinds, John; Harper, 
David; Imbrie, James; Irvin, James: Junkins, Samuel; Johnson, John; Jack, Thomas; 
Laughlin, Samuel; Little, William; Little, James; Leonard, Hull, Jladisou, Samuel; 
Matthews, Duncan; McDowell, John; McDevit, Henry; Miller, Joseph; Mauon, James; 
McMurray, James; Miller, Moses; Moore, James; McNeal, James; McBride, Samuel; 
McGowan, Ebenezer; Melony, Henry; Newton, John; Naymen, Daniel; Parks. Thomas; 
Park, David; Pollock, James; Pollock, Samuel; Roger, Jacob; Reed, Matthew; Scott, 
Thomas; Semple, Robert; Sharp. John: Shaffer. .Jacob; Summerwcll, John; Smith, 
Andrew; Simpson. William; Shaffer, Peter; Scott, George; Smith, Benjamin; Slater, 
Jacob; Vancokle, Richard; White, Samuel. 

a c-^t'O^-?^ a-'PT^: 


This company, it is claimed, rendezvoused at Darlington (then Greersburg). Cap- 
tain Koliert Imlirie, it will be noted, had been a private in Captain Thomas Henij's com- 
pany. He was the brother of Jolin and .Tames Imbre. both of whom were in the war of 
1812. John was the father of DeLorma Imbrie, now a resident of Beaver. 

:MK.\ir.\x A\AR. 

Texas, otu' of the ui'igiiial states of tlie new-fledged repiifilic of 
Mexico, liad. in ISSfi, declared lief independence of the mother re})ul>- 
hc. Such independence was fecogiiizetl in 1S37 by tlie govei'iiinent of 
the United States. In 1843-4-1, at the suggestion of President Tyler, 
she became a cjtndichite for tidmission into the Federal repiil>lic. The 
(jnestion of her admission afl'orded the principal issne in tiie spirited 
political campaign of 1844, in which James K. Pollc was elected presi- 
dent over Henry Clay. 

The final admission of Texas (July 4, 1845.) as a sister state of 
the great repidjlic was distasteful to Mexico. Repeated aggressions 
upon the territory and pro])erty of United States citizens had been 
made by Mexicans. For the consequent damage, the Federal govern- 
ment demtinded six millions of dollars. Two days after the inaugura- 
tion of President Pollc, General Almonte, the Mexican minister at 
"Washington, requested and received his passport to return to his own 
nation, thus severing diplomatic relations between the two only repub- 
lics on the American continent. The ])resitlent (jf Mexico, Ilerrera, 
issued a ])roclamiition to the effect that the tinncxiition of Texas in no 
wise interfered witi; Mexican rights, and fiiat his government would 
maintain its claims by force of arms. Both countries prepared for war. 
General Zachary Ttiylor w;is ordered by President Polk to go with his 
troops to Texas, and take a position as near the Rio Grande its prudence 
would wiirrant. His force, Icnown as the "Army of Occupation," was 
small, but miller liis skillful management defeated the Mexicans in 
several engagements on Texan soil, and finally invaded undispiiteil 
Mexican territory. In a reconnoitering expedition, sent out under 
Captain Thornton, Lieutenant Mason was killed on the 24th of April, 
1846; the first hlood shed in the irar with Mexico. 

Thougii hostilities had tictuiilly existed for some time, it was not 
until the 1.3tli of May, 1847. that congress, then in session, declared, 
that '• by act of the Repuljlic of Mexico, a state of war exists between 
that government and the Unitetl States." The ])resident w;is author- 
ized to accept fifty thousiind volunteers, and ten million dollars were 
appropriated for prosecuting the contest. 


Upon tlie necessity and results of the war. political parties wei-e 
tiivided. the Democrats, as a nde, favoring it, aniltlie Whigs ojiposing. 
Beaver county then was largely Whig in sentiment. The townships 
which a few years later were detached to aid in forming the new 
county of Lawrence, were the str(jngholds of that decaying party. 
From them no such response could be expected as was received during 
the war of 1S12, when her sons poured forth, company after company, 
to drive the British from Amei'ican soil. 

No companies or other organizations went from Beaver county to 
Mexico. A few individuals enlisted in companies formed at Pittsburgh 
and elsewhere, and aitled heroicallv in defending- the flag of their 
country on the bloody field of carnage. One of these cases will be 
given somewhat in detad, because of the interest attached to it. The 
facts, as obtained from Mrs. Dr. Nancy H. Dickson, a sister of tiic soldiej- 
in question, are substantially as follows: 

David A. Mitchell, son of General John Mitchell, was born at Bellefonte, Centre 
county, Pa., January 20, 1818. He enlisted from Beaver county in Company K., 
Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. His company, known as the " Blues," was com- 
manded by Captain Alexander Hays, and the refriment by Colonel Wynkoop, Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Samuel Black, a Pittsburgh attorney, being in charge during much of its term 
of service. David was mustered into the United States service at Pittsburgh, December 
25, 1846, and went at once with his command to Mexico. In the capture of Vera Cruz, 
he was wounded in the ankle, but went on toward Mexico with his regiment. Many of the 
soldiers were afHicted with diarrhcea, and were compelled to be left at Perote in the ho.s- 
pital. David, one of the victims of this terrible army affliction, was discharged from the 
.service, and with others was started homeward. Having no ambulances, they started 
for the coast on foot, and reached .Jalapa, but could go no farther. Owing to the lack 
of accommodations there, they returned to Perote where David died .Tune 0, 1847. 

The day prior to his death he wrote to his father a letter which, however, was not 
received till the following November, when it arrived, enclo.sed in one from the surgeon 
of the regiment. Dr. I{e3'nolds. Nothing further concerning him could reasonably be 
expected until the war was over and the soldiers returned. 

In June, 1848, General Mitchell, then superintendent of the Beaver division of the 
canal on which David had had contracts for work, and along which both were well- 
known, received a letter from an inkeeper at Conneautville, saying that his .son David 
was at the inn. The general did not accredit the story, and wrote for particulars. In 
reply came a letter signed "Your son, D. A. Mitchell." It pronounced the death in 
Mexico a mistake, and stated further that he (David) was ashamed to return to his 
father's house in consequence of recent hard drinking, — a practice to which he was 
known to be addicted. The handwriting so thoroughly resembled David's that there 
could not be anj' mistake in the matter. 

The father was convinced that his lost bo}- was yet alive. Though not given to 
weeping, he sat down and shed tears of joy. That evening, he and his daughter 
Nancy (now Mrs. Dr. Dickson), left on the canal boat for Conneautviile, Dr. Dickson 
accompanying. When they reached the place, they learned that the supposed son had 
gone to Linesville, leaving his board bill vinsettled. Paying this (a point in which the 


innkeeper was deeply interested, and wliicli made liim believe tliat the personage was 
David), tlie general proceeded witli hi.s party in a carriage through a pouring rain across 
the country, seven or eight miles, to Linesville, where his son David had left some of his 
receipts and account books. These had been carefuUj' .scanned and studied b_y tlie sup" 
posed son as affording a clue to the contractor's system of penmanship. The Linesville 
innkeeper pronounced his guest the veritable David Jlitchell, and said he was lying 
asleep on a settee. Going to the room and shaking him, tlie general said: ''My son, 
wake up." Looking up, the sleeper said : " Father, is it you ? " 

In her aocouut of this meeting Mrs. Dickson says ; " That [question] was enough 
for father ; but he would not let me see him. The man did not want to see me until he 
was shaved and bad his clean clothes on. Father got a buggy and drove him to the 
canal. We had to wait till night for the boat. They fixed him up and put him to bed ; 
and when father went out to buj- him some clothes, I went in. He looked like Dave, 
but his hair was lighter and thinner, and his beard black— Dave's was red. He had 
moles on his cheek like David's. On his hand be bad a scar exactly like Dave's, where he 
had cut his hand when a boy. He kept his mouth covered (some one had told him his 
mouth was not like David's). He said it was sore — he was salivated. I took the 
handkerchief off and made him open his mouth, I was so frightened; I knew it was not 
Dave's teeth nor mouth. I ran down stairs and screamed for father. He and the Doctor 
came, and father was very angry, saying I must not go near him again until I could 
treat liim as my brother, and never say again that he was not David. The Doctor said 
it was David. 

" I saw him on the boat, and I did try to believe it was mj' brotlier. I was afraid to 
speak of it to any one. Father was devoted to him, and I was kept busy working and 
waiting on him. Mattison Darragh and .some other friends of David sat up with him. 
He was sicli in bed ; I think he had delirium tremens. Sir. Darragh told the next day 
that he was not David, and that gave me some confidence." 

Strange to say, nearly every mark on David Mitchell was found to have its counter- 
part on this impostor. When Nancy suggested to him one day that her brother's hair 
was not so thin and light, he replied : " If your hair had been combed with cannon balls, 
it would be thin too." He gave out that his teeth had all been extracted in Mexico, and 
a Mexican's teeth inserted. So completely did he succeed in deceiving the people that 
the majority at first decided him to be the ab.sent son. It was for several weeks the 
absorbing topic of conversation in the community. At length the Mexican soldiers began 
to return to their homes, passing up the Ohio in boats. Some fears were entertained tliat 
violence would be used by them upon this man, should they learn what kind of a role he 
was playing. He was now stopping at the National hotel in Beaver, having been taken 
thither by General Mitchell. Colonel Black, commander of the 1st regiment, went up to 
take a look at the man. Wlten he came down he was heard to remark : " David Mitchel' 
had an honest countenance ; that man has the countenance of a sheep-thief." 

One soldier who .saw Mitchell die was in the company. He went before a magistrate 
and made an affidavit that he was a witness of Mitchell's death. On the next boat that 
came was a man who then had on the trousers which Mitchell wore at the time of his 
death. These facts became convincing. The man was arrested and placed in jail ; but 
no criminal action was brought against bini. and he was released and induced to tiee the 

The name of the impostor was Samuel H. Davitt. He was about ten years older 
than .Mitcliell, and was a shrewd, intelligent man — a teacher by profes.sion. AVlien he 
first appeared in Bridgewater at the hotel afterwards known as the " Bed Onion," he rep- 
resented himself as Richard John Lee, of Washington county. He was passionately 


fond of toddy ; and hence when he passed along the canal and was so frequently 
accosted as David Mitchell, he deemed it a favorable time to live sumptuously on the 
reputation of the deceased contractor and soldier. He succeeded admirably until over- 
whelming evidence of the imposture laid bare his claims, and compelled his flight. His 
subsequent career is unknown. 

In tlie old gravevard at Beaver is buried ;i soldier of the INFexican 
war, who died on the boat coming up tlie river. lie was interred with 
the honors of war. His name was William Thomas, a member of 
Captain Joseph IlilFs company (D), 1st Pennsylvania volunteers. His 
company roll, at Harrisburg represent him as mustered in January 4, 
1848, and deceased July 12, 184-8, " from disease contracted in service." 

Some time after the funeral a comrade came to Beavei and enlisted 
the people of the borough in taking up a subscription to raise funds for 
the erection of a suitable slab. Tlie necessary funds were secured, and 
a stone whose top is broken off obliquely, to indicate the premature death 
of the soldier, was erected. On it is this inscription: "William 
Thomas, native of Philadelphia, and a member of 1st Penn. Vols., died 
on his return from Mexico, and buried here with militaiy honors in 
August [mistake : should be July — ^Ed.], 1848."' 


MILITARY— Continued. 

The Conflict OF lS(!l-"65 — "The People's Meeting" — The Meeting 
OF Ai'RiL 23 — The Home Guards — The Jackson Grays — Loyalty 
OF the Ladies — Military Officers — Regiments Represented by 
Bbavee County Men — Roster of Troops. 

THE American contliet from ISfil to 18t;.5 was, on the iiekl (jf liattle, 
an attempt to settle by arms a controversy wliicli bad existed for 
more than two centuries, and wbicii luid h'itherto resulted in com- 

The contest called out live millions of soldiers, sacrificed half a. 
million of lives, and incurred a debt, direct and indirect, of six billions 
of dollars. The irrepressible conflict had to be decided. It was de- 
cided by every unconditional surrender from Fort Donelson to Appo- 
mattox. At the beginning of the war there existed a want of 
appreciation of the magnitude of the struggle that had been inaugu- 
rated. Both sections underestimated and falsely estimated their adver- 
saries. The government considered the struggle as l)Ut a "breakfast 
job," and toyed witli the matter by calling out 75,000 men _/(*/■ three 
■months. The confederates were sanguine that their o|)i)onents could 
finally be defeated, and were deadly in earnest from the l)eginiiing of 
the conflict. A year or two of mutual death struggle began U> correct 
these false notions. 

Before the firing on Fort Sumter, and even befoi-e the inauguration 
of Mr. Lincoln, evidences of strong feeling and intense interest existed 
in Beaver county. On the -ith of February, ISlU, a convention called 
"The People's Meeting" was held at the coui'thouse in Beaver. It 
was i)i'ol)a,bly the most exciting meeting of any kind ever held in the 
county, and but for the i-esti'aining sentiments of cool-headed men, might 
have been easily converted into a scene of indiscriminate bloodshed. 

The purpose, it seems, was to secure in advance an expression of 
sentiment from the people of the county relative to the scenes that had 



been ti'anspiring at Wasliington and in the South since the presidential 
election of the preceding November. The policy of the outgoing- 
administration was either to be commended or condemned. Its friends, 
it claimsd, would endeavor to have passed at the "People's 
Meeting" a series of resolutions opposed to the coercion of the seceding 
states. This is indicated in the sut)joined note from Colonel M. S. (^uay 
to a Itepubliean at Yanpoi-t. which was pulilished in the Sfo/- of 
Febi'uarv 7: 

Dii.vR Siu; Turn out to the meeting at one o'clock this afleriiooii if you possilily can, 
and bring every Republican from Vanport with you if possible. They intend passing 
Looofoco resolutions, and sending thera out to the state as the expiession of the peopleof 
Beaver county. It should be prevented if possible. 

Great activity was manifested by the advocates of the two parties 
to secure a large attendance of their adherents. The Democrats had 
the advaiitage in that they secured the organization of the meeting, 
they having had the president, all the vice-])residents l)ut two, and both 
the secretaries. Hon. Joseph Irwin was chairman; James AVallace, 
Henry Alcorn, Thomas Conway, Boston Grove, Ephraim Jones, Levi 
Barnes, Jacob Wagner, John Graham, William Leaf, William F. 
Latferty. Hobert Ivussell, Elwooil Thomas and David Stanton — the last 
two Republicans — \vere vice-presidents, and Robert Potter and X. C. 
Barclay were secretaries. 

Lewis TaA'lor and N. P. Fetterman, both Democrats, had been 
selected to address the meeting. These being l)oth absent, S. B. Wilson, 
Esq., was chosen to perform tiiat duty, which he did in his usual forcil)le 

The R(>publicans having meantime assembled in vast nundjers, 
Richard P. Roberts, one of their number, was loudly called to make 
a speech, and responded in an address of an hour and a half. 

A series (^f resolutions was i-ead by S. B. AVilson, Esq., and voted 
upon, against the ])rotests of the Republicans. They were anti coercion 
anti-abolition, anti-war, etc. After they were passed the Democratic 
officials withdrew, leaving tlie Rejiublicans to reorganize, and pass a 
series of resolutions, which are thus rejiorted in the Aiyv.s: 

liesoloed. That it is the duty of the Federal government to protect the Federal prop- 
erty, and execute the Federal laws, and for these purposes to employ all means at its 

Resolved, That the imposition of the institution of slavery upon the people of a 
territory against their will, or without consent, whether by congres.sional legislation, or 
constitutional enactment, is in direct conflict with the spirit and purpose of a republican 
form of government. 


ResoUed, That any statute of any state which conflicts with the constitution or laws 
of the United States should be repealed. 

Resolved. That we are opposed to any interference with the institution of slavery in 
the states where it now exists, or by which it may hereafter be legalized, either by the 
federal congress or by the free states, or by illeg-al individual enterprise, such as was 
exemplified in the murderous fray of John Brown against Virginia. 

Resolved, That the thanks of the nation are due to our President, James Buchanan, 
for the promptness with which he extricated Iiimself from the ruinous policy into which 
he had been misled by traitors; for purging his cabinet of their presence, and for sur- 
rounding himself by su^h patriotic and competent advisers as Holt, Scott, Dix and 
Stanton, in whose statesmanship and fidelity to the Union all parties can confide. 

lii'sohed. That, since the purchase of Florida and Louisiana territories by the gov- 
ernment of the United States was to secure unmolested commerce in the Gulf, atd the 
free navigation of the Mississippi and its tributaries as transits to the ocean, and .since 
their maintenance as territories and states has been .secured onlj' by the lavish expendi- 
ture of the blood and treasure of the whole nation, the recent revolutionary acts of 
levying war, and l)y coercion seizing and holding the forts and arsenals, hospitals and 
treasury of the United States, forcibly driving the United States troops from the other 
pi'operty of the United States, dishonoring the national flag in the eyes of the world, is 
trea.sonable in character and in violation of the equality, fraternity and common rights 
of all the .states, and thus imposes the patriotic duty of the people of all the states, as 
citizens of the United Stales, to rally to the common of our common Union and 
the con.stitution. 

The records of the period n,re not complete; but in the Wi'f^fen) 
Star of A\)v\\ 26, IStU, thirteen days after the tiring on Fort Sumter, 
we tiiid an account of the great meeting iield at P.eaver. on tlie 22d of 
A])ril. to meet tlie imperative demands of tlie hour. The meeting was 
oi'gauized bv electing the folio wino- officers: 

President — Hon. Daniel Agnew. Vice presidents — Hon. Joseph Irvin, Hon. Will- 
iam Cairns, Major Thomas McC'reery. Jloses Doak, Dr. John McCarrolI, Archibald 
Robertson, Isaac Covert, Daniel Dawson, liobert Douthett, Moses Hesdrickson, Hon. 
John Scott, Andrew Watterson, B Wilde, Dr. M. Lawrence, John (Jraebing, IJobert 
Wallace, William D. Eakin, Major R. Darragh, Major David Warnock, Thomas 
McClure, Thornton Shinn, Dr. Parmer. Secretaiies — Henry Hice. P. L Grim, W. B. 
Lemon, S. Davenport, J. Trimble. 

A committee of seven, namely, B. H. ( 'handierlin, Jno. Allison, Thos. 
:\rc('lure, II. P. Roberts, S. B. Wilson, Archibald Kobertson and P. L. 
Grim, was appointed to prejiare business for the meeting, and then 
adjourned. On reassembling, David Critchiow sang that patriotic and 
soul-stiiTing song, the Marseillaise hymn, after which the committee 
su!)mitt(Hl the following report, which was unanimously adopted : 

WFrETiF;AS, The government under which we live, and which has secured to our 
fathers and to us the rights guaranteed by the constitution adopted by the patriots of 
the revolution, under the genial protection of which the American people have enjoyed 
a greater amount of happiness and a higlier degree of personal liberty and pros-jerily 


than has ever been vouchsafed to any nation upon earth, is now assailed by an organized 
band of traitors, who threaten its destruction and the subversion of the constitution; 
and whereas, an army of rebels from the Southern states is now marching upon the 
national capital for the purpose of usurping the powers of government, it therefore 
becomes the duty of every citizen who loves his country, and whose heart beats with 
patriotic emotion, to manifest his patriotism by promptly uniiing with our fellow-citizens 
of other states and communities, in sustaining the constitution and laws of our country, 
and in every legal and constitutional manner vindicate the authority and majesty of the 
government, either by taking up arms in its defense, or by aiding such of our patriotic 
citizens who may volunteer to serve in the armies of the Republic: therefore 

Resolved, That a general county committee of safety composed of one hundred 
men be appointed, for the purpose of considering the duties devolving upon all loyal 
citizens, in any emergency that may arise during the civil war now raging between the 
constituted authorities of the nation and the aggressive and rebellious states; and that 
also the organization of local committees be recommended In dlffer'Mit localities of the 

Resolred, Tliat a home military orgauization be recommended in every locality of 
tlie county, and that in view of the emergencies now arising, all encouragement l)e 
extended to the formation of volimteer corps, to act on requisition of the general and 
state authorities. 

Resolved, That a committee of si.\ persons be appointed In each election district of 
the county to see that the families of our noble, brave and patriotic citizens who may 
volunteer to serve our common country be properly cared for and protected during the 
absence of their natural protectors, and that we unitedly pledge our sacred honors and 
fortunes to enable said committee to carry this resolution into effect. 

Resolred, That the president of this meeting appoint and announce the above com- 
mittees at his earliest convenience. 

IIoii. Thomas Cuniiiiigliaiii was then, on motion of Iv. J'. Kobei'ts, 
called ti])on to acUli'ess the meeting, and responded in a most aijle, elo- 
quent and ])ati'iotic speech, tracing the progress of treason and rebellion 
in the South from its rise to the present time, showing this scheme for 
the dissolution and destruction of the government had long been cher- 
ished by the leading men of that section now most active in waging 
this fratricidal and unholy war; that all pretexts of inequality in the 
national territories, running away of slaves, the election of Abraham 
liincoln to the presidency, etc., were but miserable subterf tiges by which 
they sought to cover up their wicked purpose; that in furtherance of 
their traitorous scheme they iirsl bi<)k(j up the Democratic party, by 
their actions at the Clharleston convention in 1860, and thus deliber- 
ately and intentionally brottght about the very state of things they now 
coni|)laiii of and assign as the cause foi- and the justilitNition of their 
attiick up(jn the government. And, in closing a s|)eech rf])lete with 
patriotism and ilevotit>n to his country, he urged u[)on all the necessity 
and diitv of responding pi-()iii|)tl\' to tin' c;iU of their country in this 
her hour of ilanoer. 






a. i'. Roberts, Esq., was then called upon and lirielly res[)onded in 
a stirring and patriotic appeal to all to put forth their efforts now to 
crush out treason, and to rally to the defense of our glorious flag. lie 
also announced that a committee from the Harmony Society at Econ- 
omy were in attendance, with an offer of means necessary for the 
defense of their country. 

Rev. Dr. McClain, Rev. 8. K. Kane, Rev. S. Patterson, Rev. B. C. 
Critchlow, Eev. D. A. Cunningham, and Rev. J. M. Smith being called 
for, each addressed the meeting in brief but fervent and patriotic 
speeches, deprecating ttie necessity for war, but asserting that the war 
now forced upon us must Ije met in the true spirit of holy and devoted 
patriotism; that oui' position in tlie present struggle was in accordance 
with the true principles of religion and humanity, and that relying 
upon the God of battles, we must surely succeed in su]5pressing treason 
and rebellion. 

S. B. Wilson, Esq., was then called upon and addressed the meet- 
ing. Hon. John Allison, and Cajitain Kagarice, a soldier of the Mexi- 
can war, and Thornton Sliinn, Esq., late of Kansas, each made a few 
pertinent, patriotic and soul-stii'ring remarks. 

Names of the committee t)f one hundred ap[)ointed in pursuance of 
the first of the above resolutions : 

Hon. Tlionuis Cunuinghani, 
R. P. Roberts, 
B. B. Chainberliu, 
Edward Hoops, 
William Henry. 
Dr. .Tames E. .Taek.son, 
Dr. .John Murray, 
.James Arbuckle, 
Dr. D. S. Marquis, 
Hon. .Joseph Irvin. 
Captain G. Pendleton, 
Thomas G. Kerr, 
Henry Bryan, < 

George Shiras, 
Thornton Shinn, 
George Neely. 
Samuel Ilendrickson, 
Henry Gochring, 
John Chaney, 
Elwduil Thomas. 
William Wallace, 
i>. C. Clow, 
Hugh Bennett 

William Barclay, 
Robert Graham, 
Captain D. Dawson, 
Captain Samuel Smith, 
Hon. William C'airns, 
.John Wilson, 
Andrew Walterson, 
.Jesse Carotliers, 
Archibald Robertson, 
Thomas B. Wells, 
Hon. .John Scott, 
.Joseph Wallace, 
William M. Reed, 
Benjamin Butler, 
.Jo.seph Nevin. 
Philip Cooper, 
.James Smith, 
J)avid Ivennedy, 
Dr. M. Jjawrence, 
Charles Calhoun, 
Andrew R. Jliller, 
Jtobert Patton. 
Dr. .John .Metlarnill. 

Samuel Davenport, 
Rev. D. A. Cunningham, 
Thomas McCreerj', 
General .J. H. Wilson, 
William 15. Clarke, 
H. B. Beisel, 
Silas Merrick, 
.Jason Hanna, 
George W. Glass, 
Hon. .John Allison, 
Matthew Gilliland, 
George S. Barker, 
Benjamin Wilde, 
James Wilson, 
M. T. Kennedy, 
George W. Fulton, 
Isaac Covert, 
Sylvester Hunter, 
Rev. B. C. Critchlow, 
John Stiles, 
Robert Jackson, 
Lewis Reno, 
William D. Johnston, 

302 ' iiistdky of beaver county. 

Committee of One IIundkkd — Continueu. 

George Hartzell, William 11. Frazier, Agnew Duff, 

E. N. Boots, Francis Le Qoullon, James Duncan, 

Henry Metz, Jacob Shaffer, Andrew Jackson, 

Francis S. Wilson, Rev. M'Abee, R. D. Cooper, 

George M. Young, Rev. D. H. A. McLean, William K. Boden, 

Robert Shannon, Dr. S. Cunningham, Captain Charles Stone, 

David Dunlap, P. L. Grim, Rev. R. T. Taylor, 

Robert Douthitt. Hiram Stowe, Ricbey Eakin, 

John White, James Darragh, Joseph C. Wilson, 

Rev. S. Patterson, John Roberts, Robert McCreery. 

District committee apjiointed by the chairman in jun-siiance with 
the third resolution above : 

RocJiester Boro. and Toionship — Joseph Irvin, G. C. Speyerer, John II. AYhisler, 
William Porter, Robert Jackson, Gilbert Pendleton, James A. Sholes, A. P. Lacock, 
William Wallace. 

Bndgewater — Thomas Campbell, Samuel Davidson, James Arbuekle, Thomas 
Allison, James Pqrter, J. Murray, Rev, William F. Lauck, Samuel Moorhead. 

Borough Tp. — Dr. S. Cunningham, Thomas M'Creery, Daniel Thurston, Jonathan 
M'Kinzie, James Darragh, Hugh B. Anderson, Isaac N. Atkins, M. Weyand 

Dirliiiglon Tp. — Dr. Ross, Martin White, John A. Frazier, John Cain, Robert A. 
Cochran, J. P. Martin. 

Chippeton Ip — John McCarter, Joseph Brittain, James Kennedy, Robert Dunlap, 
Thomas White. Jonathan Rhodes, Robert Douthett. 

Patterson Tp. — lesse Williams, Archibald Robertson, John R. Iloopes, William 
Carothers, John Sims. 

Eiyiniiiny Tp. — George Neely, Patterson Jlitchell, Samuel McManamy, William 
Mars, Jacob Breiteustein, John II. Beighley, Robert Gray (big). 

Pulaski Tp. — James Wallace, Ephraim Smith, John Baxter, Henry Phillis, Thomas 
Ferguson, Thomas Hays. 

Marion Tp. — Nicholas Boots, George Hartzell, Joseph Phillis, Austin Thomas, 
George Scheene. 

Fi-anklin Tp. — Henry Jletz, Alexander Fombell. Conrad Fisher, .lohn II. Wilson, 
Francis S. Wilson, James W. Pander. 

Fallston Boro. — David Johnston, William Henry, K. D, Cooper, Dr. James E. 
Jackson, James Duncan, Samuel Kennedy. 

Raccoon Tp. — Robert Moflit, James Smith, R. R. Gamble, Alexander Ewing, 
Samuel Kennedy, James Hall. 

Freedom Boro. and Dist. — W. W. Kerr, Jonathan Paul, Ileni-y Bryan, Thomas H. 
Cooper, Erasmus Gripp, Charles H. Bentel, I-Jobert McCaskey, James Stoops, Charles 
Haller, W. Brown. 

New Semckley Tp. — Henry Goehring, George Geyer, George Rouser, Abraham 
Hunter, George Teets, Edward Reeder, John Cheney, Samuel Piersol. 

Neic Brighton Boro. — Hon. John Allison, Isaac Covert, William Kennedy, II. B. 
Beisel, Benjamin Wilde, Edward Hoops, M. T. Kennedy, Sylvester Hunter. 

PhiUipsbnrg — Francis Le GouUon, G. Trompeter. John j\I. Shrodes, Lawrence F. 
Schaffer, Joseph Bentel, Peter Markey. 

Sovth Bearer Tp. — Jlichael Conkle, Sr., Joseph McMillin, Robert Graham. E.sq., 
Reuben Watt, Dixon Reed, Peter Crowl, Thomas F. Elder. 


Big Beaver— ^Y. H. Powers, Dr. llazlep, Thomas McClure, Robert Wallace, Will- 
iam H. Foster, Samuel Blair, George Young, Fergus jMcClelland. 

North Sewickley — Hugh Bennett, Hugh Wallace. James J. Hazen, S. C. Clow, Ben- 
jamin Whisler, James Warnock, Thomas Kamsey, Alexander Caven. 

Industry — John Wilson, Samuel Iloyt, Dr. J. P. Curamings, John Michaels, Hon. 
William Cairns, Richard Walton, J. M. Phillis, Joseph Ewing. 

Oreene Tp. — Charles Calhoun, Dr. M. Lawrence, James H. Trimble, James Bryan, 
David Kerr, Jr., James Mackall, Samuel McGlaughlin, James Cameron, John Vance, 
Samuel Leeper, Jackson Swearengen. 

Frankfort Dist. — Dr. Bingham, Dr. John McCarroll, R. A. Cooley, Captain S. 
Swearengen, Samuel Bigger, Moses Doak. 

McGuire's Dist. — John A. Gibb, Robert Ilarsha, Henry Keifer, Joseph K. Bucha- 
nan, Eli Ramsey, George Littell. 

Ohio Tp. — Captain D. Dawson, R. Laughlin, James Scroggs, Matthew Johnston, S. 
B. Briggs, William Ravi. John Ilendenson, Robert McGafflck. 

Hopewell — Robert Duncan. Robert C. Scott, James Irons, G. K. Shannon, Thomas 
McKee, John R.McCune, William A. Thomson, James Jordan. 

Independence Tp. — James Sterling, Henry Reed, Dr. A. R. Thomson, William 
Reed, Alexander Gibb, Benjamin Butler, William M'Coy, Thomas Standish. 

Moon Tp.—D. B. Short, John Davis, Daniel Figley, Mile Reed, Hill Douds, Robert 
Cooper, Henry Alcorn, William McBriar. 

Brighton Tp. — Andrew Watterson, George Barclay, William Scott, Jr., Richey 
Eakin, Jesse Carothers, Robert Gilmore. 

This committee of safety became the great medimn of helping on 
enhstments, and aiding in the caring for the families of those who went 
into the service. At a meeting of the committee in Beaver, May lY, 1861, 
it was moved by W. B. Clarke that each member of the committee of 
safety take the following oath or athrmation, to be administered by 
competent authority : " You ;ind each of you do swear liy Almighty 
God, the searcher of all hearts (or affirm) that you will support tlie 
constitution of the United States, and the constitution of Penns\'l- 
vania. and that you will mainttiin, su])port and defend the government 
of tiie United States against treason and rebellion." 

In addition to the regular companies sent to the field, the roster of 
which is given in a subsetjiieiit ])ortion of tiiis chapter, a number of 
Home Guards was enlisted in various ]iarts of the county for such 
service as the exigencies of war miglit demand. As early as May 17, 
1861, the. following companies were reported: 

Galilee — Capt. William If. Power, 60 men. Economy town- 
shi]i — Ca|)t. James Conway, Ol men. riiiilipsburgh — Cajit. Andrew 
Simon. 60 men. North Sewickley townshij) — Capt. J. J. Hazen, 50 men. 
South Beaver — Capt. A. J. Lawrence, 45 men. Eaccoon — Capt. Jas. 
Sinitli, 45 men. Most of the men, however, were without arms. Tin's 
number of Home Guards, all wearing the blue when on drill, was sub- 
sequently greatly increased. 


Another organization was formed in and around Beaver, known as 
the Jaclison Grays. From taste or for some other reason, its members 
wore the gray miiform. 

It would be improper to omit the mention of the loyal ladies who, 
in all parts of the county, aided in suppressing the rebellion. Aid 
societies were establislied for procuring and sending forward supplies 
to the field. Mention is made of one of tliese societies in Ohio town- 
ship of which Mrs. Daniel Dawson was president, and Mrs. S. W. W. 
Coughey was secretary, that had forwarded to the army in December, 
1861, a box of supplies amounting to $128.62. This was just one of 
numerous instances of a similar kind. The aid through the sanitaiy 
commission ; through faithful services as nurses in hospital and camp ; 
through letters, delicacies, words of encouragement in various ways; 
and through heroic endurance at home while loved ones were far away 
on weary marches or engaged in deadly conflict, can never be fully 
estimated nor adequately repaid. The loyal ladies of the country were 
an important factor in crushing the rebellion. 

The following classified list of military officers in Beaver county, 
taken from the Beaver Argus of July 24, 1867, is said to be a complete 
list of those who went from tiie county as commissioned officers during 
the war of the reliellion : 


John S. Littell, 76tli Reg't. M. S. Quay, 134th Reg't. 

Jos. II. Wilsou, 101st " R. P. Roberts, 140th '• 

J. Q. Anderson, 17th Cavalry. 


John S. Littell, 76tli Reg't. J. Q. Anderson, 17th Cavalry. 

Alex. W. Taylor, 101st " Jason R. Ilanna, 6th Jlilitia, 1863. 


T. J. Hamilton. 100th Reg't. Thomas Henry, 140th Reg't. 

Bavid Critchlow, " " J. Q. Anderson, 17 Cavalry. 

Alex. W. Taylor, 101st " Geo. M. Irwin, 5th .Vrtillery. 


David Stanton, 1st Pa. Cavalry. Wra. B. Hezlep, 80th Rog't. 

David Minis Jr., 48th Reg't. J. M. Cummins, 114th 

W. C. Shurlock, 51st Reg't. 


W. B. Hezlep, 3d Cavalry. Presley M. Kerr, 121st Reg't. 

John C. Levis, 85th Reg't. Francis F. Davis, " 

W. C. Shurlock, 100th " Francis F. Davis, lG8th " 

P. B. Younsr, 136th Res;'t. 



List op Militaky Okficeus — Continued. 


John Cuthbertson, 
Jacol) Winans, 
Milo K. Adams, 
Joseph M. Reed, 
Abner Lacock, 
Samuel Miller, 
John L. Moore, 
Alex. M. Gilkey, 
Jason K. Hanna, 
Chas. W. Taylor, 
George Weaver, 
John S. Little, 
David Critchlow, 
Wm. K. Shurlock, 
T. J. Hamilton. 
Alvin M. Reed, 
Wm. F. Lyon, 
Moses B. Welsh, 
Wm. Lowrey, 
Charles W. May, 
W. F. Daveson, 
Thos. B. Dawson, 
David M. Ramsy, 
Alex. W. Taylor. 
J. Adams Vera, 
John W. Hague, 

David Jones, 

Co. H. 9th Res. 

" F, 

1 0th 

" K, 

" C, 63d Ucg't. 

" K, 

" C, 
•■ D, 



James Conway, 
R. P. Roberts, 
Thomas Henry, 
Marcus Orraond, 
Samuel Campbell, 
Samuel S. Kerr, 
James Darragh, 
Wm. MeCallister, 
1). M. Donehoo, 
J. <4- Anderson, 
P. A. English, 
Henry M. Donehoo, 
Geo. M. Irwin, 
Charles D. Rhodes, 
George S. Barker, 

Samuel R. Patterson, 

" C, 101st " S. M. Lawrence, 

" F, '■ •■ 

" " " " Robert Gilmore. 


" George S. Barkei 




134th •• .lames S. Rutan, 



102d Reg't, Marcus Ormond, 

R. S. Morton, 17th Cavalry. 


Co. H, 139th Reg't. 
'• F, 140th •' 

" H, •■ " 

A, 17th Cav'ry. 

■ B, '• 

' B, .5th Artil'y. 

' C. 56th 90 days" 

E, 56th 90 days' 

n,56tli 90 days' 

I, ,56th 90 days' 
• C, 6th Militia, 

F, 14th Militia, 


140tli Resr't. 

John F. Price, 

Co. H, 

9th Res. 

liobert Darragh, 

Co. C, 

63d Re, 

Jacob S. Winans, 

" " 


]\Iilo M. Boyle, 

" " 

C. K. Chamberlin, 

" " 


Jas. S. Wilson. 

" " 

" ' 

M. S. Quay, 

" F. 

10th " 

Robert F. Mcllvaine, 

" K, 

76th ' 

John L. Moore, 


David Critchlow, 

" »-", 

100th ■ 

E. P. Stewart, 

" " 


Jas. Calhoun, 

•■ D, 


Abner Lacock, 

" " 


Alvin M. Reed, 

.. .. 

George E. Lehmer, 

" " 


John C. Hurst, 

.. .. 


M. Hartshorn, 

" K, 


James S. Rutan, 

" F, 

101st • 

John L. Moore, 

" " 


Wm. F. Dawson, 

" " 

" ' 

Wm. J. Carson, 

" " 


Wm. B. Dawson, 

" " 


G. Y. Edwards, 

" " 

" " 

David M. Ramsey, 

,< ■< 

(( ( 

James S. Powers, 

" B, 

6 id Reg't. 

Wm. H. Sutherland, 

" " 


Joseph Schonlon, 

" 0, 


James B. Kirk, 

" H 


Henry Hurst, 

" " 


R. G. Warden, 

" 0, 

105th ' 



List of Militaky Okficehs — Continued. 

Samuel R. Patterson, 
Hugh Barnes, 
James II. Mountain, 
James Conway. 
John I). Stokes, 
Andrew jV[. Purdy, 
Darius Singleton, 
Austin Miller, 
John B. Vance, 
Addison Lance, 
Wm. McCallister, 
Thomas C. Nicholson, 
Louis R. Darragh, 
.J. Q. Anderson, 
.Tohn Sweny, 

Co. E, 134th Reg't. 
" I, " " 

■' H, 139th" 
" F, 140th " 


.lames Potter, 
B. S., 
Samuel Lawrence, 
John F. PiAc, 

.T. B. Parkinson. 

James McChire, 

" " " Charles A. Griffin, 

I, " '■ 

John F. Price, 

A, 17thCav. J. A. Schonlon, 

Ohas. C. Townsend, 
William H. Powers, 

Gilbert L. Eberhart, 


1st Pa. Cavalry. Wm. S. Shallenberger, 
100th Reg't. John S. Bryan, 

Jason R. Hanna, .'iGth, 90 days' Militia. 


8th Reserves. David M. Ranisy, 
John Reeves, .'56th Reg't, 90 days' Militia. 


Co. A. 17th Cav. 

" II, .")th Art'y. 

" C, o6th, 90 
days' Militia. 

■• E, .56th, 90 
days' Militia. 

" H, 56th, 90 
days' Militia. 

" H, 56th, 90 
days' Militia. 

" C, 6th Mili- 
tia, 1862. 

" F, 14th Mili- 
tia, 1862. 

140th Reg't. 

101.9t Reg't. 

Samuels. Taylor, 

Co. H, 

101st Reg't. 

D. G. Bruce, 

Co. A. 

17th Cav. 

John S. Anderson, 

" E, 

134th " 

Thomas Fish, 

" B, 

5th Art'y. 

James H. Calkins, 

•• " 


Edmund R. Boots, 

" ■' 

" " 

James H. Mountain, 

" I, 

" " 

Samuel Lawrence, 

■' H, 

<< ,, 

Oliver P. Swisher, 

■■ " 


Wm. Uhhj. 

" " 

.. ., 

Thomas Henry, 

.. p 

UOtli •' 

Wm. II. Bruce, 

" c. 

Ind. Bat. 

Alex. H. Calvert, 

" '• 


Frank A. Merrick, 

" F, 

" " 

Andrew M. Purdy, 

" ■' 


C. K. Chamberlin, 

" II, 

9th Res. 

Carman M. Nelson, 

" " 


D. Riley Hawkins, 

'■ ■' 

" •■ 

Samuel Campl)ell, 

'■ H 

, " 

Alfred T. Cairns, 

" F, 

10th " 

John B. Vance, 

" •' 


Thomas L. Darragli, 

" " 


Samuel S. Kerr, 

,, ., 

" " 

George E. Lehmer, 

.. .. 

., .. 

W. M. Ijawrence, 

,. ,, 

" " 

Wm. J. Carson. 

" K, 

.. « 

G. A. Shallenberger, 

" 1, 


G. L. Edwards, 

Co. K. 

10th Reg't. 

T. C. Nicholson, 

*' " 

" " 

Jas. S. Powers, 

" B, 

63d Reg't. 

Louis R. Darragh, 

" " 

,1 (( 

Charles W. Taylor, 

" c. 

" " 

W. A. McMilen, 

■' " 


George Weaver, 

" " 

" " 

B. F. Townsend, 

" B, 

14th Cav. 

Geo. W. Kettenburg, 

" " 

.. .< 

Ebeu Allison, 

" A, 

15th " 

Robert F. Mcllvaine, 

" K, 

76th " 

John Sweny, 

" ■' 

17th " 

Silas F. Vera, 

" B, 

77th " 

P. A. English, 

" " 


John F. Price, 

" E, 

" '■ 

B. S. Ramsy, 

*' " 


Alex. B. Langley, 

" •' 

83d ■■ 



Aaron Sullivan. 

■■ " 

92d '• 

Ralph Covert, 

Co. C, 56tb, 90 

David Critclilow, 

" c, 

lOOtb •■ 

days' Militia. 

James Caugbey, 

" n, 


H. C. Patterson. 

" E, netb, !)() 

Daniel Frazier, 

" " 


days' Militia. 

Alvin M. Reed, 

.. .. 


H. W. Nelson, 

" H, 56th, 90 

Robert J. Doutbett. 

" " 


days' Militia. 

William F. Dawson. 

., p^ 

101st ■■ 

D. D. Jobn,ston, 

■• I, .56th, 90 

James A. Johnston, 


days' Militia. 

David M. Raras}'. 


C. Hoidette, 

" C, 6th Mili- 

Joseph F. AVarrick, 


tia, 1862, 

B. W. Smith. 

.. ,. 


S. H. Darragh, 

" F, t4tb Mili- 

Samuel Lawrence. 

" a, 


tia, 1863. 

James B. Kirk. 

" II, 


No attempt i.s iiiailc in this clia})ter to g'ive a sketch of the cam- 
paigns in which the troops from Eeaver county participated. It is 
sufficient to say she sent forth a large number of brave men for the 
various arms of tlie service, and tliat most of them operated in the 
eastern armies. The engagements will api>ear in the table of remarks 
appended to each company whose roster is presented, it being the desire 
to give as much of the history of the ])rivate soldier as ])ossiijle. 

Other troojis went from tiic county which are not reported in this 
volume. They were blended witli organizations from other counties 
and portions of the state, and hence could not be distinguished in the 

The following regiments were re]>resented by Beaver county men. 

The 3sth Ilegiinent, itth Reserves, thi-ee years, was organized at 
Camp Wright, near Pittsburgh, under Colonel Conrad F. Jackson. It 
<)])erated with the army of the Potomac. Only one company, II, was 
fi'om Beaver county. 

The 39th Regiment, loth Reserves, three years, was organized at 
Camp Wilkins. near Pittsburgh, under Colonel John S. McCalmont. 
It operated with the army of the Potomac. Two companies, F and K, 
went from Beaver. 

The <i3d Regiment, three years, was organized at Pittsburgh, under 
Colonel Alexander Hays. Com])any C was from Beaver. The regi- 
ment operated with the army of the Potomttc. 

The 7Sth Regiment, three years, was organized at Camp Orr, near 
Kittanning, Pa., under Colonel Willi;nn Sirwell. It served in the army 
of the Cumberland. Company (i, from I Jeaver county, was assigned 
in March, 1805. 

The 100th Regiment, three vears, was organized bv C'olonel Daniel 


Leasure, near Washington, D. C. It operated in tlie South and with 
the annv of the Potomac. Company D was from Beaver county. 

The lOlst Regiment, three years, was organized at Cam]) Fremont, 
near Pittsburgh, under CJolonel Joseph 11. Wilson. It served with the 
army of the Potomac. Companies F and H went from Beaver county. 

The 134th Regiment, nine months, was organized at Cam^) Curtin 
by (Jokjnel Matthew S. Quay. It served with the army of the 
Potomac. Two companies, E and I, went from Beaver count}'. 

The 139tli Regiment, three years, was organized at Camp Howe, 
near Pittsburgli, under Colonel Frederick II. Collier. It served with 
the army of the Potcmiac. 

The MOth Regiment, three years, was organized at Camp Curtin 
by ( -olonel Richard P. Roberts. Three companies, F, II and I, were 
from Beaver county. 

The 102d Regiment, 17th Cavalry, three years, was organized at 
(Vunp Simmo7is, near Ilarrisburgh, under Colonel Josiah Kellogg. It 
served with the arm}' of the Potonuic. Comi)any A was from Beaver 



Commissioned and Non-Comnissioned Officeks. 

John Cutliljertson, captain, May 24, '01; wounded at Charles Citj- Cross Koads, 
.Tune 30, 1862; resigned Dec. 8, 1802. 

.Jacob S. Winans, captain. May 24, 'til; promoted from 1st sergeant to 1st lieu- 
tenant; to captain, February 28, 1863; to brevet major, March 13, 1865; mustered out 
with company Ma}' 12, 1864. 

John F. Price, 1st lieutenant, May 24, '61; resigned November 8, 1861. 

C. K. Chamberlin, 1st lieutenant. May 24, 1861; promoted from 1st sergeant to 
2d lieutenant July 3, '61; to 1st lieutenant Decembers, 1862; to brevet captain March 
13, '65; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

D. Riley Hawkins, 2d lieutenant, May 24, '61; promoted 1st sergeant Nov. 8, '61; 
to 2d lieutenant May 2, '63; to brevet 1st lieutenant JMarch 13, 1805; mustered out 
with company May 12, 1804. 

Thomas J. Marshall, 1st sergeant, July 9, '01; promoted to 1st sergeant November 
8, '61; to 3d lieutenant May 2, '63; to brevet 1st lieutenant March 13, 1865; mustered 
out with company May 12, '64. 

Joseph M. Devinney, sergeant. May 24, '61; trans, to 44th regiment P. V., Sept. 1, '61. 

Henry Lloyd, sergeant. May 24, '61; transferred to Vet. Reserve Corps, Nov. 15, '63. 

H. W. Blanchard, sergeant, May 24, '61; mustered out with company. May 12, '64. 

John Mitchell, sergeant, May 24, '61; promoted from corporal to sergeant Novem- 
ber 9, '61 ; mustered out with company May. 12, '64. 

* The date immediately following each name in following roster indicates time of 
of muster into .service. 


iseavkk countv. 311 

Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers — Continued. 

Jesse M. Corbus, sergeant, May 24, '61; promoted from corporal to sergeant No- 
vember 9, 1861; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

William Asbton, sergeant. May 24, '61; promoted from corporal to sergeant, No- 
vember IT), 1863; mustered out with company May 13, '64. 

William I{. King, corporal. May 24, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Nov. 25, '62. 

Matthew H. Fulton, corporal, May 24, '61; discharged December 21, 1862, for 
wounds received at Gaines Mill, June 27. '62. 

James B. Andrews, corporal, May 24, '(il ; discharged April 7, '63, for wounds 
received in action. 

George E. Smith, corporal, Jlay 24, '61; discharged March 2.5, '63, for wounds 
received in action. 

Irvin Campbell, corporal, Sept. 26, '61; trans, to 190th Kegiment P. V., May 3, '64. 

Wm. C. Flemming, corporal, May 24, '61; died at Camp Pierpont, Va., Oct 18, '61. 

Dennis Vanlier, corporal, May 24, '61; killed at Antietam, September 17, '62. 

Samuel Forns. corporal. May 24, '61; deserted Nov. 2, '62. 

Marcus ('. Rose, corporal, Jlay 24, '61; mustered out with company May 12, 1864. 

Edward Dorian, July 24, '61; promoted to corporal September 17, 1862; mustered 
out with company May 12, 1864. 

Jos. Culhbertson, May 24, '61; promoted to corporal March 1. 1863; mustered out 
with company May 12, '64. 

Wm. C. Thompson, corporal. IVIay 24, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

William Broad, corporal, Alay 24, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 


Ackleson, Mitchell, Jul}- 19, '61 ; mustered out with compan}' May 12, '64. 

Allison. James, J\ily 19, '61; mustered out with company Jlay 12, '64. 

Butler, .Jo.seph, .luly 19, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

Bennet, William, May 24, '61; mustered out with comjiany. May 12, '64. 

Blanter, Christian, May 24, '61; mustered out with company. May 12, '64. 

Burke, William, July 19. '61; mustered out with company. May 12, '64. 

Butler, .John B., July 29, '61; killed at Gaines Mill, June 27, '62. 

Broad, Moses, May 24, '61; killed at Bristoe Station, Va. , December 23,' 63, by 
railroad accident. 

Bealty, Walter L.. May 24, '61; killed at Antietam, September 17, '62. 

Crawford, James P., May 27, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

Conkle. George, July 16, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

Craig, Walter G., Feb. 13, '64; trans, to 190th Regiment P. V., May 3, '64. 

Conkle, Thomas, July 16, '61; deserted Nov. 2, '62. 

Davis, Edward K., May 24. '62; wounded at Dranesville, Dec. 20, '61; discharged 
on surgeon's certificate — date unknown. 

Dimond, Thomas, May 24, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 20, '63. 

Dunner, ijcster. May 24, '61; transferred to gunboat .service January 20, '62. 

Dinnwiddie, Jas. L., July 19, '61; deserted April 13, '6.3. 

Eberhart, Andrew E., June 26, '63; transferred to lOOtli Regiment P. V., May 3, 64. 

Early, Henry C, May 24, '61; discharged for wounds April 7, '63. 

Fankhouser, JIad'n, May 24, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

Fowler, William, May 24, '61; mustered out with company Jlay 12, '64. 

Fleming, Robert. May 24, '61 ; discharged on surgeon's certificate, November 27, '62. 

312 history of ijeaver county. 

List of Privates — Continued. 

Fridiger. John, September 8, '62; transferred to 190th Regiment P. V.,May 3, '64. 

Fairraan, Robert, May 24, '61 ; trausferred to gunboat service .January 20, '62. 

Gardner, Jeremiah. July 16, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

Glass, John F., May 24, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

Gallaher, James W., July 19. '61; killed at Gaines' Mill, June 27, '62. 

Hays, Henry A., May 24 '61; mustered out with company May 12, 1864. 

Hummel, David, July ;S, '61; mustered out with company May 12, 1864. 

llobougli, Jos. v., January 1, '64; transferred to 190th Regiment P. V., May 3, '64. 

Hawli, John B., September 6, '62; transferred to 190th Regiment P. V.,May 3, '64. 

Hawk, Lewis T.. July 19, '61 ; discharged on surgeon's certificate November 2.5, '61. 

King, Jonathan, .July ."), 61; mustered out with company Mav 12, '64. 

Kirker, Lorenzo C, July 14, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

ICirker, William, July 24, '61 ; discharged on surgeon's certificate December 23, '61. 

Kelso, George, July 19, '61; discharged for wounds April 7, '63. 

Jjloyd, Joseph, May 24, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

I,.aw, James R., July 19, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

Leslie, 'William, .July 18, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

Lardin, William M.,July 13, '61 ; discharged on surgeon's certificate Sept. 22, '62. 

Lanig, John, May 24, 61; wounded and captured at G.iines' Mills. June 27, '62; 
died at Richmond — date unknown. 

I.,emmon, Robert W., May 24, '61 ; killed at Antietam. September 17, 1862. 

Laporte, Leondias, July 19, '61; died of wounds received at Bull Run, August 30, '62. 

Lytic, Robert S., Aug. 26, '62; transferred to 190lh Regiment P. V., May 3, '64. 

McFerren, Miller h., May 24, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

McCamist, Prussia, July 24, '61 ; mustered out with company May 12, 1864. 

Musser, Jacob J., July 19, '61; mustered out with company May 12, 1864. . 

Martin, George F., July 19, '61; discharged on surgeon's ccrtiticate June 22, '62. 

Marquis, Albert S., May 34, '61; transferred Jo Veteran Reserve Corps Sept.1.5, 63. 

McClain, Samuel, Sept. 26, '61; transferred to 190th Regiment P.V.,May3, '64. 

Murphy, John, May 24, '61; captured June 30, 1862; died at Richmond, Va. 

McClain, Andrew, Sept. 26, '61; killed at Antietam Sept. 17, '62. 

Martin, Wm. M., July 19, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate — date unknown. 

Matherry, Edwin, May 24, '63; died Jan. 2, '63, of wounds received at Fredericks- 
burg, Dec. 13, '62. 

Nye, Tobias, July 19, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 10, '62. 

Newell, Silas B., May 24, '61; died Dec. 33, '61, of wounds received at Dranesville 
Dec. 20,'61. 

Ness, Robert, .Inly 9, '61; died of wounds received at South Mountain Sept 14, '62. 

Osburn. Edward, July 16, '61; discharged Nov. 28, '63, for wounds received in action. 

O'Neill, John, Feb. 13, '64; transferred to lOOlh Regiment P. V., May 3. '64. 

Palmer, Henry, May 24, '61; prisoner Nov. 28, '63; absent at muster out. 

Parris, William, July •'), '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

Price, George A., July 19, '61; killed at Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, '62. 

Rheinhard, Chas., May 24, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

Robeson, James C, May 24, '61; mustered out with company May 12. '64. 

Reddy, Lewis, May 24, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

Ramsey, Robert, Jlay 24, '61; mustered out with company, May 13, '64. 

Richards, Samuel I)., Jul3' 8, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 21. '62. 

Reed, WUliam L., Sept. 26, '61; transferred to lOOth Regiment P. V.,May 3, '64. 

beavek (jcunty. 313 

List of Privates — Continued, 

Reed. James C, February 13, '64; transferred to mOth Kegimeut 1'. V., May 3, '64. 

Sliowalters, Stanley. :May 24, '61; captured at Bristoe Station, Va., Oct. 15, '6:!, 
absent at muster out. 

Sweeny, William, July 14, '61; mustered out with company May 11, '64. 

Smith, John W. D., May 2i, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 24, '61. 

Stanyard, John J., February 13, '64; transferred to 190th Regiment P. V., May 3, '64. 

Todd, Cornelius, July 2. '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

Townsend, Alfred, Jlay 24, '61; discharged November 25, '62, to accept commission 
in United States army. 

Thamer, Pauiel F., August 26, '62; transferred to 190th Regiment P. V.,May 3, 64. 

Vanlier, Joseph, July 9, '61; mustered cut with company May 12, '64. 

Vaneman, Scott, July 5, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

Veon, Samuel, July 5, '61; discliarged January 3, 1.S63, for wounds received at 
Charles City Cross Roads, June 30, '62. 

Vangorder, Alex., July 14, '61; discharged on surgeon's certilicate Nov. 25, '61. 

White, Isaiah, July 14, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

Wimer, Joseph, Jul}' 2, '61 ; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 

Welch. Archibald, July 9, '61; discharged for wounds received at Gaines' Mill, June 
37, '62. 

Wright, James, August 26. '62; transferred to 190th Regiment P. V., May 3, '64. 

Walters, Ale.xander, July 3, '61; died at Alexandria, Va., Dec. 10,' 62; grave 1,523. 

Webb, Francis, Aug. 26, '61; died at Windmill Point. Va., February 7, '63. 

Wragg, Francis, July 14, '61; liilled at Gaines' Mill, June 27, '62. 

Zeigler, Isaac, July 19, '61; mustered out with company May 12, '64. 


Officers and Noncommissioned Officers. 

Milo R. Adams, captain, June 29, '61; discharged Dec. 25, '62, for wounds received 
at Charles City Cross Roads June 30, '62. 

Abner Lacock, captain, June 29, '61; promoted from sergeant to 2d lieutenant 
August 1, 1862; to 1st lieutenant March 13, '65; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Matthew S. Quay, 1st lieutenant, June 39, '61 ; promoted to assistant commissary- 
general of Pennsylvania July 5, 1861. 

John L. Moore, 1st lieutenant, June '29, '61; transferred to Co. K. October 30, '61 

Ephraim P. Stewart, 1st lieutenant. June 29, '61; promoted from 1st .sergeant to 
1st lieutenant October 14, '61; resigned August 20, '62. 

Joseph M. Reed, 1st lieutenant, June 29, '61; promoted from corporal to lieu- 
tenant August 20, '62; dismissed May 6, '63. 

George E. Lehman, 1st lieutenant, June 29, '61; promoted from 1st sergeant to 2d 
lieutenant May 6, '63; to 1st lieutenant March 1. '64; mustered out with company 
June 11, '64. 

Alfred P. Cairns, 2d lieutenant, June 29, '61; resigned November 19, '61. 

Thomas L. Darragh, 2d lieutenant, June 29, '61; promoted from sergeant to 2d 
lieutenant Noveml)er 19, '61; Resigned August 20, '62. 

Rufus D. Cole, 1st sergeant, June 19. '61; transferred to 191st Regiment P. V., 
June 1, 1864; veteran. 

Jas. M. Moorberger. sergeant, June 19, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Jas. McKee, sergeant, June 19, '61 ; mustered out with company June 1 1 , '64. 

314 histoky of hkavkk county. 

Officehs and Non-Commissioned Officehs — Continued. 

William OlcoU. sergeant, .lune 1!), 'I!l; transferred to llllst Uegiment P. V., June 1, 
'64; veteran. 

Harrin .J, Chandler, sergeant, .lune I'.t, 'til ; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 
13, '63. 

Thomas S. Wray, corporal, .lune 19, '01; wounded at Wilderness Jlay 8, '64; died 
at Fortress Monroe, Va. ; date unknown. 

James Atkinson, corporal, .June It), '61; mustered out with company .lune 11, '64. 

George McCaskey, corporal, .June 19, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Alexander Dawson, corporal, June 19, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

William D. Ileno, corporal, June 19, '61 ; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Thomas G. Evans, corporal, June 19, '61 ; discharged Feb. 14, 1868, for wounds 
received at Gaines' Mill, June 27, '63. 

George Bean, corporal, June 19, '61; discharged Oct. 30, '62, for wounds received 
at Gaines' Jlill, June 27, '62. 

Ilobert II. Brown, corporal, June 19, lil; discharged on surgeon's certificate- — 
date unknown. 


Ambresl, .John, .June 19, '61; mu.stered out with company June 11, '64. 
Anderson, Fran's M., June 19, '61; discharged on surgeon's ccrtiBcate.March 5, '63. 
Anderson, John W.,June 19, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 30, '62. 
Beuchler, Frederick. June 19, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 
IJlaine, David U., June 19, '01; mustered out with company June 11, '64 
Brown, James, June 19, '01; mustered out with company June 11, 64. 
Brown, Eli B., June 19, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 
Beighley, Jas. P. K., June 3, '61; promoted to principal musician Sept. 1, '63. 
Beaner, James W., June 19, '61; trans, to 191st Regiment P. V.,Juue 1, 64; veteran. 
Baker, George, Sept. 8, '02; transferred to 191st I{cgiment P. V., June 1, 64; veteran. 
Batto, Daniel, Sept. 22, '62; transferred to 191st Regiment P. V.,June 1, '64; veteran. 
Benlz, Lewis, Dec. 8, '63; transferred to 191st Uegiment P. 'V.,June 1, '64; veteran. 
Bevingtou, Mason, .June 19, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 16. '61. 
Bryan, George P., June 19, '61; killed at Gaines' Mill, June 27, '02. 
Cross, John W., .June 19, '61 ; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 
Campbell, Robert, June 19, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 
Carr, William C, Sept. 8, '62; transferred to 191st Uegiment P. V., June 1, '64. 
Casselton, Guj', March 23, '64; transferred to 191st Regiment P. V., June 1, '64. 
Cazc)', George W., June 19, '61 ; discharged January 11, '63, for wounds received at 
Antietam Sept. 17, 1862. 

Dawson, BenoniC, June 19, '61; mu.stered out with company June 11, '64. 
Douds, Edward II., June 19, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Jan. 8, '03. 
Donovan, John, June 19. '01; discharged Jan. 17, '03, for wounds received in action. 
Kdgar, Lemuel G., June 19, '01; transferred to 191st Uegiment P. V., June 1, '64. 
Edgar, Joseph F., June 19, '01; transferred to 191st Uegiment P. V., June 1, '64. 
Evans, Martin S., June 19, '61; transferred to Veteran Ueserve Corps Sept. 1, '68. 
Elliott, Sylvester, June 19, '61; killed at Bull Run Aug. 30, '62. 
Edgar, .John, Nov. 2, '61; killed at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, '62. 
Fish, AVallace W., June 19, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 
Gull, Casper, June 19, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 
Graham, \V., June 19, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. '63. 

beaver cointv. 315 

List of Privates — Continhei). 

Gull, Henry, June 19, '61; wounded at Fredericksburg Dee. lo, '62; died at Rich- 
mond, Va.. Dec 19, '62. 

Gniy. Robert, June 19, '61; deserted July 1, '63. 

Hamilton. Wm. L., June 19, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Hays, Joseph G., June 19, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Hendrickson, H., Sept. 8. '63; transferred to 191st Regiment P V., June 1, '64. 

Hutchison, Chas., June 19, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate — date unknown. 

Hamilton, Samuel, June 19, '61; discharged April 37, '63, for wounds received at 
.FredericksJjurg, Dec. 13, '62. 

Henry, James H. , Nov. 2, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 34, '63. 

Hawley, Thomas, June 19, '81; killed at Charles City Cross Roads June 30, '62. 

Holland, Christ B., June 19, '61; killed at Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, '62. 

Handy, Chauncey, June 19, '61; died Sept. 26, '63; buried at Alexandria, Va. 

Holder, Ralph B., June 19, '61; killed at Bull Run Ang. 39, 'm. 

Inezour, Arthur, Sept. 8, '63; transferred to 191st Regiment P. V., June 1, '64. 

Jordon, James D., Sept. 8, '63; transferred to 191st Regiment P. V., June 1, '64. 

Jack, Robert, June 19, '61; transferred to 191st Regiment P. V., June 1, '64. 

Jones, John J., June 19, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate October 15, '63. 

Kettlewood, Wm., Sept. 10, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 20, '64. 

Merkle, Wash., June 19, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Moorhead, Jas. H., April 18, '63; wounded at Wilderness May 8, '64; transferred 
to 191st Regiment P. V.. June 1, '64. 

Might, David, June 19, '61; killed at Bull Run Aug. 30, '63. 

McConnel, Clark, June 19, '61; nuistered out with company June 11, '64. 

McGahey, James P., June 19, '61; wounded at Wilderness May 8, 64; mustered 
out with corapan}' June 11, 63. 

McAfee, John, March 13, '63; transferred to 191st Regiment P. V., Junel, '64. 

Mc William, .James, June 19, '61; transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps Sept. 1, '63. 

McLaren, John P., June 19, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Sept. 18, '63. 

McMillen, Hugh, June 19, '61; killed at Bull Run Aug. 30, '62, 

Neville, Jason, June 19, '61; trans, to 191st Regiment P. V., June 1, '64; veteran. 

Neville, Edward, June 19, '61; trans, to Veteran Reserve Corp.s — date unknown. 

Neville, Ira, June 19, '61; transferred to 191st Regiment P. V., June 1, '64; veteran. 

Purvis, John, Sept. 6, '63; traus. to 191st Regiment P. V., June 1, '64; veteran. 

Phillis, James M., June 19. '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Jan. 17, '63. 

Pfierfer. William H,, Sept. S, '63; wounded at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, '63; dis 
charged on surgeon's certificate March 9, '63. 

Page, John, July 12, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Jan. 6, '62. 

Ramsay, (/'ochran, June 19, '61; mustered out with company June 1 1, '64. 

Reehl, .Tolin, .June 19, '61; transferred to 191st Regiment P. V., June 1, '64. 

Reehl, Robert, March 23, '64; transferred to 191st Heginient P. V., June 1, '64. 

R'W, Andrew, June 19, '61 ; discharged on surgeon's certificate June 13, '63, for 
wounds received at Gaines' Mill, June 37, '63. 

Reno, Hiram S.. June 19, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate May 15, '63. 

llobinson, John \V'., Tuue 19, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Jan. 9, '63. 

Ramsay, William, June 19, '61; killed at Charles City Cross Roads June 30, '63. 

Rowe, James J., June 19, '61; killed at Gaines' I\lill, June 27, '63. 

Swager, Socrates J , June 19, '61; mustered out with conqnuy June II, '64. 

Swager. William. June 19, '61; mustered out with company June 11. '(i4. 


List ok Puivates — Continued. 

Sutherland, D. It., June 19, '61; uiustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Scott, James, June 19, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Smart. John, June 19, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Swain, Jolin J., June 19, '61; transferred to 191st Uegiraent P. V., June 1, '64, by 
sentence of general court martial. 

Smith, Jacob, Aus;. 22, '63; transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps Sept. 1, 'O;!. 

Stewart, Joseph, June 19, '61; discharged Oct. 6, 1862, for wounds received at 
Charles City Cross Roads June 30, '62. 

Scott, Theodore W.. June 19, '61; killed at Charles City Cross Roads, June 30, '62. 

Todd, James A., Jime 19, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Todd, Wilbur F., Dec. 14, '63; transferred to 191st Regiment P. V., June 11, '64. 

Uselton, Samuel V., June 19, '61; transferred to 191st Regiment P, V., Jiuic 11, 
'64; veteran. 

Wasin, George A., private, June 19. '61; mustered out with company J>me 11, '64. 

Wilson, John P., June 19, '61; mustered out with companv June II, '64. 

Ward, Patrick, June 19, '61; trans, to 191st Regiment P. V., June 11, 64 ; veteran. 

VV'aterhouse, J. W., June 19. '61; trans, to western gunboat service Feb. 29, 64. 

Wilson, James L., June 19, '61; killed at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, '62. 

Warnock, Daniel C, June 19, '61; killed at Bull Run Aug. 29, '63. 

Wray, John, June 19, '61; killed at Gaines' Mill, June 27, '62, 

Officers and Non-commissioned Officers. 

Samuel Miller, captain, June 20, '01; died of wounds received at Charles City 
Cross Roads June 30, '62. 

A. M. Gilkey, captain, June 20. '61; promoted from corporal to 2d lieutenant, 
Aug. 1, '62, mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Marshall Hartshorn, 1st lieutenant, June 27, '61; resigned Oct. 21, '61. 

John L. ]\Ioore. 1st lieutenant, June 29, '61; promoted from 3d lieutenant of Com- 
pany F. to 1st lieutenant of Company K., Oct. 30, '61; wounded at Gaines' Mill, 
June 27, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate .Ian. 21, '63. 

Wm. J. Carson, 1st lieutenant, .lune 20, '61; promoted from 2d lieutenant to 1st 
lieutenant, Aug. 1, '62, discharged on surgeon's certificate June 20, '63. 

G. Y. Edwards, 1st lieutenant, .lune 20, '61; promoted from sergeant to 2d 
lieutenant. May 16. '63. to 1st lieutenant Feb. 6, '64; mu.stcred out with compan}- June 
11, 1864. 

Thos J. McCarter, 2nd lieutenant, June 20, '61; resigned Sept. 30. '61. 

.lohn F. Powers, 1st sergeant, June 20, '61 ; musteied out with compan\' .lune 1 1 , '64. 

James A. .Anderson, 1st sergeant, June 20, '61; wounded at Gaine's Mill June 27, 
'62; discharged Sept. 8, '62. 

Thomas J. Bartram, .sergeant, June, 20. '61; wounded by guerrillas Feb. 13, '64; 
absent in hospital at muster out. 

Richard L. Hudson, sergeant, June 20, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

James McGeehon, sergeant, June 30, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Samuel T. Parks, sergeant, June 20, '61; wounded at Wilderness, May 6, '64; 
absent at muster out, in hospital. 

Milton R. Young, sergeant, June 20, '61; captured at Fredricksburg, Dec. 13, '52; 
died at Richmond, Va. Dec. 2,'), '62. 


OfI'ICeus and Non Commissioned Officers — Conttnied. 

Stephen A. Lowry, sergeant. .Tune 20, '61; deserted Sept. 15, '63. 

George D. Andrews, corporal, .lune 20, '61; wounded in action, May 15, '64 
absent in hospital at muster out. 

William Shannon, corporal, .Tune 20. '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64, 

Robert Miller, corporal, .Tunc 20, '61; discharged on surgeon's certiticate Sept. 
30, '61. 

.James McClelland, corporal, .Tune 20, '61; wounded at Charles City Cross Roads, 
•Tune 30, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Oct. 27, '62. 

,Tacob Kagarise, corporal, .Tune 20, '61; transferred to Company C, 5tli Ignited 
States Artillery, Nov. 20, '62. 

Samuel Elder, corporal, .June 20. '61; trans, to veteran reserve corps, .Tuly 1, '63. 

.Tames "W. Reed, corporal, .June 20, '61; transferred to 191st regiment Pa. Vols. 
June 1, '64; veteran. 

'William H. Anderson, corporal, .lune 20, '61; transferred to Itllst regiment. Pa. 
Vols. June 1, '64; veteran. 

Richard W. Baker, corporal, June 20, '61; transferred to 191st regiment, Pa. 
Vols. June 1, '64; veteran. 

Charles W. Crawford, corporal, June 20, '61; killed at Gaines' Mill June 27, '62. 

.Ton. P. McCready. musician, June 20, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate 
Jan. 20, '63. 

Robert J. Cready, musician. June 20, '61; discharged by order of Secretary of 
War, Aug. 31, '63. 


Allen Charles, .Tune 20, 61; transferred to veteran reserve corps Oct. 10, '63. 

Anderson James A.. June 20, '61; transferred to 191st regiment, P. V., June 1, 
'64; veteran. 

Anderson, Albert, June 20. '61 ; transferred to 191st regiment, P. V., Junel, 04. 

Bannon, Michael, private, June 20, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Barnes, Husrh, June 20, '61; discharged on surgeon's certiticate Jlay 5, '62. 

Bartram, George W., June 20, '61; transferred to Company C, 5th United States 
Artillery, Nov. 20, '62. 

Barber, William, Feb. 35, '63; discharged on surgeon's certificate Nov. 14. '63. 

BusIj, William, Sept. 1, '61; transferred to veteran reserve corps Feb. 11, '64. 

Barnes, Hugh G., June 20, '61; trans, to 191st regiment. P. V., June 1, '64; veteran. 

Bartram, And. J., Feb. 35, '62; transferred to 191st regiment, P. V., .Tune 1, '64. 

Bussinger, Daniel W., June 20, '61; trans, to 191st reg. P. V., June 1. '64; veteran. 

Boyd, John, July 10, '61; killed at Bull Run Aug. 30, '62. 

Calvin. Peter Y., June 20, '61; mustered out with company June 1 1, '64. 

(Jourtuey, M. W., June 30, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Jan. 16, '63. 

Davis, Thomas, July 10, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Davidson, Robert, July 5, 61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Diinaldson, Tlenry, Feb. 27, '64; transferred to 191st regiment, P. V., June 1, '(i4. 

Fosnaught, Joseph, July 6, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Fosnaught, Barney, Dec. 26, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 29, '(il. 

Fry, R3ub3n H , June 30, '61; trans, to 191st regiment, P. V., June 1, 64; veteran. 

Furguson. Clark, June 20, '61; died April 2, '63. 

Gilkey, Francis W., June 20, '61; wounded at Fre<lericksl)urg, Dec. 13, '62; dis- 
charged on surgeon's certificate June 29, '63. 


List ok Puivates — Continued. 

Hudson, Ralph E., June 20, '61; mustered out with company June 11,. 04. 

Hoon, Thomas J., February 25, '63; discharged on surgeons certificate June 18, '62. 

Hum, George, Dec. 27, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Nov; 20, '62. 

Hum, Levi, Dec. 27, '61; trans, to Battery C, oth United States Artillery, Nov. 20, '62. 

Hovvills, Daaiel II., July 10, '61 ; wounded at Gaines' Mill, June 27, 1862; discharged 
on surgeon's certificate Sept. 12, '62. 

Huston, John, Feb. 27, '64; transferred to Itllst regiment, P. V., June 1, '64. 

Imbrie, David, February 26, '62; wounded at Gaines' Mill, June 27, '62; discharged 
on surgeon's certificate Nov. 27, '62. 

Imbrie, Jeremiah R., June 20, '61; discharged February 11, 1864, by order of 
Secretary of War, to accept promotion. 

Irvin, James, June 20, '61; killed at Mechanicsville June 26, 1802. 

Johnston, John A., June 20, '61; wounded at Gaines' Mill June 27, '62; discharged 
on surgeon's certificate Jan. 6, '63. 

Laughlin, Hugh. June 20, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Lowry, Peter Y., June 20, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 12, '61. 

Lightner, William, June 20, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate March 27, '62. 

Lightner. Josiah, Oct. 27, '61; wounded at Gaines' .Alill, June 27,62; discharged 
on surgeon's certificate Jan. 31, '63. 

Lambiight, Samuel, Feb. 25, '62; transferred to I'Jlst regiment, P. V., June 1,'64. 

Lightner, George, Oct. 27, '61 ; deserted Aug. 80, '62. 

Marshall, Robert, June 20, '61; mustered out with company June 11. '64. 

Jlarks, Alfred, June 20, '61; mustered out with company June 11. '64. 

Morris, George W., June 20, '01; mustered cut with company June 11, '04. 

Miller, Boney, June 20, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 12, '61. 

Miller,, June 20, '01; discharged on surgeon's certificate Nov. 24, '62. 

Miller, Andrew J., Feb. 10, '62; transferred to 191st regiment, P. V., June 1. '64. 

Miller, Edward, June 20, '01; trans, to 191st regiment, P. V., June 1. '64; veteran. 

Mer.shimer, Samuel, G., June 20, '01; killed at Bull Run August 29, '02. 

Mc Adams, Franklin, June 20, '61; mu.stcred out with company June 11, '64. 

McCowiu, Thompson, June 20, '61; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

McKinney, John E., June 20, '61; mustered out with corayany June 11, '64. 

Mc Williams, Jos., June 20, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate August 4, '61. 

McAnlis, James F., June 20. '61; transferred to Battery G, oth United States Ar- 
tillery, Nov. 20, '62. 

McKeogh, James, Oct. 27, '61; wounded at Gaines' Mill, June 27, '62; discharged 
on surgeon's certificate Oct. 11, '62. 

McCluren, John D., June 20, '61 ; trans, to 191st regiment, P.V , June 1.'64; veteran. 

McMullen, John, March 4, '02; transferred to 191st regiment, P. V., June 1, '64. 

McMillen, Joseph, November 2, '63; transferred to 191st regiment, P. V., June 1.'64. 

McClaren, Robert, Nov. 20, '61; killed at Bull Run, Aug 30, '62. 

McClure, Josephus. Nov. 20, '61; killed at Gaines' Mill, June 27, '62. 

Nicely, Stephen. Feb. 3, '02; transferred to 191st regiment, P. V., Junel, '64. 

Newgen, John, July 21, '61; prisoner; died at Richmond, Va., Aug. '62. 

Parks, Darius W., June 20, '01; wounded at Wilderness May 8, '04; mustered out 
with company June 11. '04. 

Park. James, June 20. '01; mustered out with company June 11. '64. 

Parret, Richard S., June 20, '01; mustered out with company June 11, '64. 

Peirce, Caleb. June 20, '61, mustered out with company June 11, '64. 




BEAVER rorxTY. 321 

List dk Puivatks. — Continued. 

Powell, William. June 20, '01: mustered out with eompany June 11, '64. 

Powers, James C, March 22, '02; transferred to llllst regiment P. V., June 1. 'M. 

Park, George W., Jan. l.i, '64; transferred to ISIlst regiment, P. V., June 1, '04. 

Perry, Robert, June 20, '61; accidentallj' killed while on duty, Sept. 10, '01, 

Reed, Wm. II. H , Jan. 4, '04; transferred to Itllst regiment, P. V.,June 1, '64. 

Keed. John W., Jan. 4, '64; transferred to 191st regiment, P. V., June 1, '64. 

Swank, Emanuel, Juue20 '61; mustered outwith company June 11, '64. 

Swank, Benjamin, Oct. 37, '01; discharged on surgeon's certificate May 5, '62. 

Shannon, Curtis R. , June 20. '01; wounded at Gaines' Mill June 27,' 62; discharged 
on surgeon's certificate Jan. 10, '63. 

Schultz, William, March 0, '62; transferred to Battery C, Oth United States Ar- 
tillery, Nov. 20, '62. 

Swaggers, Emery, June 20, '(il ; transferred to 2d United Stales Artillery Oct. 11, '62. 

Streiby, Samuel M., June '20, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec; 12, '61. 

Vankirk, Archibald, June 20, '61; mustered out with compan_v June 11, '64. 

Vankirk. Arthur, March 20, "62; captured at Charles C'ity Cross Roads, June 30, 
'62; died at Richmond, Va., — date unknown. 

Wallace Wm. B., Sept. 2, '63; transferred to IDlst regiment, P. V., June 1, '64. 

Weeby, William, June 20, '61; died, date unknown, of wounds received at AVilder- 
ncss. May, '04: veteran. 

Young, John 'SI., deserted May 10. '63. 


Officers aku Non-Co.mmissioned Officeks. 

.Jason U. Hanna, captain, Aug. 1, '61; resigned June 15, '02. 

Charles W. Taylor, captain. Aug. 1, '01; promoted from 2d lieuleiiant to captain 
July 26,'62; discharged .same day. 

George W. Gray, captain, Sept. 12, '61; promoted from 1st lieutenant company I to 
captiin July 20, '62; resigned Nov. 10, '02. 

George Weaver, captain. Aug 1, '01; promoted to 1st sergeant ]\Iarch 2, '02; to 2d 
lieutenant June 10, '62; to captain Feb. 27, '63; mustered out with company Aug. 1, "64. 

Joseph A. Shonlaw, 1st lieutenant, Aug. 1, '01; resigned Feb. 12, '62. 

James S. Wilson, 1st lieutenant, Aug. 1, '61; promoted to 1st lieutenant Sept. 1, 
'63; wounded in action; mustered out Sept !l, 04. 

' R)bert Darragh, 1st lieutenant, Aug. 23, 'til: promoted from corporal to sergeant 
March 14, '62, to 1st lieutenant June 16; discharged Jan; 1, '03. 

Geo. W. Kettenburg, 2d lieutenant, August 23, '01; promoted to 1st sergeant 
Feb. 27, 't3; to 2d lieutenant. May 19, '03: mustered out with eompany Aug. 1, '64. 

Henry Kelley, 1st sergeant, August 23, '61 ; promoted to corporal March 12, '62; 
to sergeant June, '02; to 1st sergeant Sept. 12, '63; wounded at Wilderness, Va., May 5, 
'64 ; absent at muster out. 

Henry Hurst, 1st sergeant, Aug. 23, '(il; killed at Fair Oaks, Va., May 31, '62. 

David H. Gibson, Aug. 1, '61; promoted to sergeant Sept. 1, '63; mustered out witP 
company Aug, 1, '64. 

Henry Kettenburg, Aug, 23, '61 ; proiuoti'd to sergeant Sept. 1, '63; mustered out 
with company Aug. 1, '04. 

322 ■ history of beaver county. 

Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers — Continued. 

Richard G. "Warden, sergeaut, Jan. 4, '64; wounded at Wilderness May 6, '64; trans- 
ferred to Company C, 99th regiment. Pa. Vol.; veteran. 

Milo 51. Boyle, sergeant, Aug. 23, '6i; killed at Chancellorsville, Va., j\Iay 3, '63. 

Frank L. Graham, sergeant, Aug. 23, '01; promoted to corporal June 16, '62; to 
sergeant May 19, '63; died August 15, '63, of wounds received in action; buried in Mili- 
tary Asylum cemetery, D. C. 

John Bush, sergeant, Aug. 1, '61; prisoner from 5[ay 10 to Nov. 30, '64; mustered 
out Dec. 6, '64. 

Matthew Shope, sergeant, Jan. 4, '64; promoted to corporal May 19, '62; to sergeaut 
May 29, '63; died — date unknown; veteran. 

David Lessig, corporal, August 23, '(51 ; mustered out with company Aug. 1, '64. 

James II. Temple, corporal, Aug. 1, '61; mustered out with company Aug. 1. 64. 

Samuel L. Fridiger, Aug. 23, '01; promoted to corporal March 14, '62; wounded at 
"Wilderness, Va., May 7, '64; absent at muster out. 

Samuel Hart, Aug. 1, '61; promoted to corporal Sept. 18, '63; wounded at Peters- 
burg, Va., June 22, '64; absent at muster out. 

Josiah Kapple, Aug. 23, '61; promoted to corporal Sept. 18, '63; wounded at 
"Wilderness, Va., May 5, '04; absent at muster out. 

George Warden, corporal, Jan. 4, '64; wounded at Wilderness, Va., May 5, '64; 
transferred to Company C, 99th regiment. Pa. Vol.; veteran. 

Daniel Stone, corporal, Aug. 1, '61; discharged — date unknown. 

John Stone, corporal, Aug. 1, '61; killed at Bull Hun, Va., Aug. 29, '62; buried 
in National cemetery, Arlington, Va. , block 2, section E, row 15, grave 63. 

Wm. II. Patterson, corporal, xVug. 1, '01; died July 9, '02. 

Charles Cross, musician, Dec. 25, '03; transferred to Company C, 99th regiment, Pa. 
Vols.; veteran, 

Andrew Stedham, musician, Dec. 25, '63; transferred to Company C, Oiith regiment, 
Pa. Vols.; veteran. 


Ashbaugh, John, July 17. '03; discharged; transferred to Company C, 99th regiment 

Pa. Vols. 

Aleman, Henry, Aug. 1, '01; discharged on surgeon's certificate Nov. 19, '01. 

Alexander, Jos. B., Aug. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Jan. 28, '63. 

Allison, Robert, Aug. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Oct. 20, '62. 

Andrew, Thomas, , Aug. 1, '01; discharged on surgeon's certificate Sept. 25, '62. 

Brown, George A., July 16, '03; discharged; wounded July 10, '04; transferred to 
Company C, 99th regiment. Pa. Vols. 

Bush, Levi, Sept. 7, '03; discharged; trans, to Company C, 99th regiment. Pa. Vols. 

Brooks, Charles L , Sept. 9, '63; discharged; tran.sf erred t o company C, il9th regi- 
ment. Pa. Vols. 

Boo.ser, Daniel, Aug. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate March 8, '62. 

Broad, Esau, Aug. 1, '61 ; discharged on surgeon's certificate April 14, '02. 

Brooks. Thomas, Aug. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate July 6, '62. 

Bliss, William, Aug. 1, '61; died Sept. 29, '62; buried in Military A.sylum cemetery, 
D. C. 

Broad, Louis, Aug. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate March 25, '63. 

Bammer, John, Sept. 9, '03; deserted; captured at Spottsylvania C. H., May 12, '64. 

Brown, Samuel, August 1, '01; transferred to veteran reserve corps, Nov. 11, '03. 

beavee county. 323 

List of Privates — Continued. 

Cannon, James, Aug. 23, '01; mustered out with company Aug. 1, '64. 

Cole, Garrison, Aug. 33, '61 ; mustered out with company Aug. 1, 64. 

Castler, George, Aug. 1, '61; wounded June 16, '64; absent at musterout. 

Childs, William, Aug. 1, '61; wounded at Spottsylvauia, C. H., May 13, '64; absent 
at muster out, 

Carnerry, Craig, July 13, '63; drafted; trans, to Company C, 99tb regiment, Pa. Vols. 

Church, John C, July 11, '63; drafted; trans, to Company C, 99th reg. Pa. Vols. 

Chapman, Luke, Aug. 1, '61; died Oct. 20, 1862. 

Craver, .John, Aug. '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Oct. 29, '62. 

Depew, Samuel, Aug. 1, '61; mustered out with company Aug. 1, '64. 

Diamond, Thomas, Aug. 1, '61; died Jan. 23, '63. 

Davis, Henry E., Aug. 1,'61; died at Annapolis, Md., June 11, '64. 

Davis, Richard T., Aug. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Nov. 7, '62. 

Davis, Joseph, August 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Jlarch 8, '63. 

Day. James, Sept. 8, '63; drafted; trans, to Company C, 99th reigment, Pa. Vols. 

Devanny. James, July 16, '63; drafted; captured June 22, '64; transferred to 
Company C, 99th regiment, Pa. Vols. 

Douds, Robert C, Aug. 1, '61; transferred to veteran reserve corps, Nov. 11, 63. 

Eicher, Andrew, July 16, '63; drafted; trans, to Company C, 99th reg. Pa. Vols. 

Early, James, Aug. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Nov. 19, '61. 

EcoH. Asa B., Aug. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate — date unknown. 

Felter, William H., Feb. 27, '64; trans, to Company C, 99th regiment. Pa. Vols. 

Funkhouser, George D., Jan. 4, '64; trans, to Company C, 99th reg. Pa. Vols.; vet. 

Frink, Orrin A., Aug. 1, '61; deserted July 3, '62. 

Garner, Tliomas, Aug. 1,'61; mustered out with company Aug. 1, '64. 

Garbenstine, Wm., Aug. 1, '61; mustered out with company Aug. 1, '64. 

Graham, George W., Aug. 1, '61; absent, sick atmusler out. 

Gibson, George, Aug. 1, '61; discharged July 21, '62. 

Glass, David A., Aug. 1, '61; discharged Dec. 29, '62. 

Hess, Henr3', Aug. 1, '61; mustered out with company Aug. 1, '64. 

Hunter, George W., Aug. 23, '61 ; absent, sick at muster out. 

Harrison, Samuel Sr., .Inly 10, '63; wounded May 26, '64; transferred to Company 
C, 99tL regiment. Pa. Vols. 

Hayden, Miles, Feb. 34, '64; transferred to C^ompanyC. 99th regiment, Pa. Vols. 

Hager, John, July 16, '63; drafted; trans, to Company C, 99th regiment Pa. Vols. 

Hager, Ami, July 16, '63; drafted; trans, to Company C, 99th regiment. Pa. Vols. 

Hileman. Lee, Sept. 16, '63; drafted; trans, to Company C,99tli regiment Pa. Vols. 

Hamma, William, .Ian. 4, '64; transferred to Company C, 99th regiment. Pa. Vols. 

Hamma, Henry, Jan. 4, '64; wounded at Spottsylvania C. H., May 13, '64; trans- 
ferred to Company C, 99th regiment. Pa. Vols. ; veteran. 

Hoops, Joseph M., Aug. 1, '61; killed in action June 33, '64. 

Hays, James H., Aug. 1, '61; killed at Fair Oaks, Va., May, 31, '62. 

Hughes, Benjamin, Sept. 9, '61; di.scIiargedon surgeon's certificate Nov. 19, '61. 

Hayles, David, Sept. 9, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 13, '61. 

Harrison, Samuel Jr., Aug. 1. '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate April 14, '62. 

Hunter. Robert, Aug. 1, '61; captured; trans, to Company C, 99th reg. Pa. Vols. 

Isaman, John, July 18, '63; drafted; tn^ns. to Company C, 99th regiment. Pa. Vols. 

Jacobs, Peter, Sept. 5, '63; drafted; died Dec. 6, '63. 

Kiddie, David, July 11, '63; drafted; trans, to Company C, 99th reg. Pa. Vols. 


List of Prh'ates — CoNTiNUEn, 

Keys, John C. F., Sept. 8, '63; drafted; died Dec. 6, ]«()3; Imiied iu ililitaiy 
Asylum cemetery, D. C. 

Kidd, Benj. F., Aug. ], '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Nov. 29. '62. 

Long, Alexander, Aug. 1, '61; mustered out with compan_y Aug. 1, '04. 

Lanniug, William, Aug. 23, '61; wounded at AVilderness, Va., May 7, '64; absent at 
muster out. 

Lowrie, Augustus, Aug. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Nov. 1. '62. 

Marquis, Edwin, July 34, '63; drafted; trans, to Company (', 99th rcg. Pa. Vols. 

Miller, Dauiel. July 7, '63; drafted; died Jan. IS, "64. 

Miller Charles W., Aug 1, '61; killed in action June 20, 1864. 

Mitchell, Thomas, Ang. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Aug. 4. '68. 
Maratto, Hinds, Aug. 1, '61; discharged on .surgeon's certificate Feb. 5, '62. 

Miller, John F., Aug. 1, '61; trans, to United States signal corps Jan. 12, '64. 

Merry man, William, Aug. 1, '61: trans, to veteran reserve corps Feb. 10, '64. 

Molter, Jonas C, Aug. 29, '62- trans, to veteran reserve corps Nov. 1, '64. 

M'Dauiel, Ba.xter. Aug. 1, '61; mustered out with company Aug. 1, '64. 

M'Laughlin, S. C, Sept. 9, '61; absent, sick at muster out. 

Nelson, Joseph, Aug. 1, '61; mustered out with company Aug 1, '64. 

Osborn, Joseph R., Jan. 4, '64; trans, to Company C, 99th reg. Pa. Vols.; veteran. 

Preston, Robert, Aug. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. !■"), '62. 

Reno, Charles, Aug. 1, '61; mustered out with company Aug. 1, '64. 

Rouse, Frederick, Aug. 1, '61; mustered out with company Aug. 1. '64. 

Riggle, Abraham J., July 27. '63; drafted, trans, to Company C, 99th reg. Pa. Vols. 

Reed, Samuel C, Aug. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 19, '62. 

Reed, Benjamin P., Aug. 1, '61; prisoner May 12 to Nov. 30, '64;discharged Dec. 6, '64. 

Smith. Jacob, Aug. 1, '61; mustered out with company, Aug. 1, '64. 

Shiffhoer, Henry, Aug, 1, '61; wounded May 31, '62; absent at muster out. 

Sanuit, George. Aug. 1, '61; wounded at Spottsylvania C. H., May 12, '64 ; ab.sent 
at muster out. 

Sarver, Daniel, Aug. 22, '62; trans, to Company C, 99th regiment, Pa. Vols. 

Shagel, David, July 18, '63; drafted; wounded at Wilderness, Va., May 6, '64; 
transferred to Company C, 99th regiment. Pa. Vols. 

Stitt, Emery E., July 17, '63; drafted; trans, to Company C, 99th reg.. Pa. Vols. 

Smith, John, July 11, '63; drafted; trans, to Company C, 99th rcg.. Pa. Vols. 

Smith, William C, July 17, '63; drafted; trans, to Company C, 99th reg.. Pa. Vols. 

Stokes, George, Feb. 29, '64; trans, to Company C, 99th reg. Pa. Vols.; Vet. 

Scott, Hugh, Aug. 1, '61; died December 13, '62. 

Shupe, John. July 16, '63; drafted; died in Philadelphia, Pa.. July 16, '64. 

Shultz, John, Aug. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate. July 15, '62. 

Shook, John, Aug. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate, Dec, '62. 

Sampson, Thomas, Aug. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate April, 3, '62. 

Stedham, John, Aug. 1, '61; captured May 3!. '64; transferred to Company C, 99th 
regiment. Pa. Vols. 

Thompson, John, Aug. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate March 10, '62. 

Till, Robert, Aug. 1, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Oct. 20. '62. 

Van Pelt, Charles W., Sept. 9, '63; drafted; killed at Spottsylvania C. H., May 
12, '64; buried in Wilderness burj'ing ground. 

Vogle, John, Aug. 1, '61; prisoner Jlay 12 to Oct. 30, '64; mustered out Dec. 6, '64. 

Wilson, Thomas F., Feb. 29, 64; trans, to Company C, 99th regiment. Pa. Vols. 


List of Privates — Continued. 

Wilson. John A. L.. March 25, '64; transferred to Company C. 99th reg. Pa. Vol. 
Walker, Ale.xander, Sept. 9, '63; drafted; trans, to Company C, 99th reg. Pa. Vols. 
Wilson. William B., Aug. 1, '61; discharged ou surgeon's certificate Oct 20, '62. 
Watteson. John. Aug. 1, 1861; discharged on surgeon's certificate April 30, 63. 
Woods, John. Aug. 1, '61; transferred to veteran reserve corps. Nov. 11, '63. 


Officers ajjd NoIj-Commissioned Officers. 

David S. Cook, captain, March 2, '6.5; mustered out with company Sept 11, '65. 

Isaac Reno. 1st lieutenant, March 2, '65; resigned May 27, '65. 

James Cowden, 1st Ucutenant, March 2, '65; promoted from 2d lieutenant July 1, 
'65 ; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 

Benjamin Craven, 2d lieutenant, Feb. 27, '65; promoted from 1st sergeant July 
1, '65: mustered out with company Sept. 11. '65. 

Forbes J. Wylie, 1st sergeant, Feb. 37, '65; promoted to sergeant March 2, '65; 
to 1st sergeant July 1, '65 ; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 

Alex. S. Anderson, sergeant. Fell. 27, '65; promoted to corporal j\Iarch 2, '65 ; to ser- 
geant JIarch 3, '65; nuistered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 

William J. Woods, March 13, '65; promoted to sergeant March, 27, '65; mustered 
out with company Sept, 11, '65. 

Samuel White, sergeant, Feb. 27. '65; promoted to corporal ilarch 2, '65; to sergeant 
July 1, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 

J. W. Strawbridge, sergeant, Feb. 27, '65; promoted to corporal March 2, '65; to 
sergeant A>ig. 12, '65; mastered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 

William A. Tait. sergeant. Feb. 27. '65; discharged by general order Aug. 11, '65. 

John G. liranyan, Feb. 27, '65; promoted to corporal March 2, '65; mustered out 
with company Sept. 11, '65. 

Lewis F. Denimler, Feb. 27, '65; promoted to corporal Jlarch 2, '65; mustered out 
with company Sept. 11, '65. 

Wm. F. Brannan. Feb. 27, '65; promoted to corporal March 2, '65; mustered out 
with company Sept. 11, '65. 

Samuel M. Brown, Feb. 25. '65; promoted to corporal March 2, '65; absent, sick 
at muster out. 

James Holton. Feb. 27, '65; promoted to corporal Jlay 27, 1865; mustered out 
with company Sept. 11, '65. 

Robert Savage, Feb. 27, '65; promoted to corporal .July 1, '65; mustered out with 
company Sept. 11, '65. 

Joseph Frazier, Feb. 27, '65; promoted to corporal July 1, '65; mustered out 
■with compau}' Sept. 11, '65. 

John 0. Ashton, Feb. 27, '65; promoted to corporal Aug. 12, '65; mustered out 
with companj' Sept. 11, '65. 

James n. Smith, corporal, Feb. 27, '65: discharged by general order May 17, '65. 

David M. Clark, musician, Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept., '65. 

Edwin Ayers, musician, Feb. 27, '65; discharged by general order Aug. 7, '65. 


Ashton, Stephen M., Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Aley, Isaiah, Feb. 27, '65; discharged by general order Sept. 18, '65. 


List of Privates — CoNTrauED. 

Anderson. David M., Feb. 27, '6.5; discharged by general order Sept. 9, '65. 
Anderson, John, Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Alcorn, Henry II., Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11. '65. 
Anderson, William, Feb. 14, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Armstrong, B. H., Feb. 27, '65; discharged by general order June 8, '65. 
Arnold, Cyrus, Feb. 27, '65; discharged by general order June 12, '65 
Bollner, H. P., Feb. 27, '65; absent, sick at muster out. 
Banford, Thomas, Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Blume, Christopher, Feb 27, '65; discharged by general order Sept, 9, '65. 
Barr, Henry, Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Burford, Andrew J., Feb. 14, '65; discharged by general order May 20, '65. 
Bown, George H., Feb. 27, '65; discharged by general order June 2, '65. 
Bennet, Lemuel, Feb. 27, '05; died at Nashville, Tenn., July 31, '05. 
Byres, William, Feb. 27, '65; died at Nashville. Tenn., Aug. 25, '05. 
Cronan, Dennis K., Feb. 25, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '05. 
Cams, William, .•\pril 3, '05; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Christman, Frederick, March 17, '05; discharged by general order May 31, '65. 
Craven, James, Feb. 27, '65; discharged by general order June 12, '65. 
Crawford, William N., Feb. 37, '65; died at Nashville, Tenn., April 15, '65. 
Cissnia, James A., March 4, '65; died at Nashville, Tenn., April 22, '65. 
Davis, Calvin, Feb. 27, '65; absent, sick at muster out. 
Dow, Franklin K., Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '05. 
Deffenbaugh, H. N., ]March 2, '05; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Dougherty, Jno. W., March 6, '05; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Drake, John T., March 2, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Evans, John, Feb. 27. '65; discharged by general order Jlay 23, '65. 
Fees, John C, Feb. 27, '65; absent, sick at muster out. 
Frazier, John T., Feb. 27, '05; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '05. 
Filbert, John, Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Foster, Richard L., Feb. 8, '65; absent, by sentence of general court martial at mus- 
ter out. 

Fleming, Joseph J., March 23, '05; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Feazel, John, Feb. 27, '65; discharged by general order May 21, '65. 
Feazel, George W., Feb; 37, '65; discharged by general order July 20, '65. 
Frazier, John, Feb. 27, '65; discharged by general order June 8, '65. 
Forbes, J. W., March 15, '65; not on muster-out roll. 
Hardman, David, Feb. 35, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '05. 
Hamilton, John, Feb. 38, '05; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Hosey, James, Feb. 26. '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '05. 
Hoffman, John D., March 18, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Horn, Simon. Feb. 8, '05; discharged by general order May 19. '65. 
Irwin, William, Feb. 28, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '05. 
James, William, Feb. 27, '65, mu-itered out with company Sept. 11, '05. 
Kirk, Frank D., Feb. 27, '05; mustered our with company Sept. 11, '05. 
Kirk, George, Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Knox, Alexander, Feb. 37, '05; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Linder, Edgar, Feb. 25, '05; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '05. 
Luce, John, Feb. 37, '75; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Lynch, George, Feb. 35, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '05. 

beaver county. 327 

IjIST op Privates — Continued. 

Lloyd, Joseph J., Feb. 25, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Lynch, James, Feb. 25, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Libengood, Henry, March 4, '65; discharged by general order June 3, '65. 
Laffln, Michael, Feb. 27. '65; discharged on surgeon's certificate June 8, '65. 
Mars, Benjamin, Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Mars, George, Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11,65. 
Merchant. Frederick, Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sep. 11, '65. 
Moses, Adam, Feb, 15, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Meaner, George W., Feb. 27, '65; discharged b}- general order May 27, '65. 
Milligan, John, March 15, '65; died at Nashville, Tenn., June 2, '65. 
McClure, Robert S., Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
McKee, Thomas, Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
McCouah_y, William J., Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with, '65. 
McGown, John S , Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65 
McGown, Lawrence J., Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
McClure, JohnH., April 3, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Xickerson, Jacob, Feb. 27, '65; discharged by general order June 12, '65. 
Peters, Robert, Feb. 27, '65; de.serted March 8, '65. 

Rudisill, William, Feb. 25, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Sims, William B., Feb. 28, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Smith, William, Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11 '65. 
Shields, Samuel, Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Swartzlander, Levi, March 21, 65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Sample, Sidney, March 18, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
ShuU, Alfred L., March 22, '65; mustered out witli company Sept. 11, 65. 
Swagger, Jesse B., April 3, '65; discharged by order Sept. 9, '65. 
Suedeker, Albert E., Feb. 27, '65; discharged by general order May 23, '65. 
Stuchell, William A., March 4, '65; discharged by general order May 23, '65. 
Smith, Daniel, Feb. 27, '65; discharged by general order May 27, '65. 
Shafer, Lewis C, Sept. 13, '64; discharged by general order June 19, 65. 
Shafer, Israel, Sept. 13, '64; discharged by general order June 19, '65. 
Smith, William A., Sept. 13, '64; discharged b^' general order June 19, '65. 
Tliompson, John L., Feb 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Taylor, Thomas, Feb .27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Thompson, Calvin G., Feb 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Thompson, John, Feb. 20, '65; discharged by general order June 2 '65. 
Vogel, Philip, March 7, '65; mustered out with company Sept, 11, "65. 
Wise, Christopher C, Feb. 28, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Walters, Joseph, Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Walker, Andrew M., Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept 11, '65. 
Wilson, John, March 2, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 
Wise, John M., Feb. 27, '65 ; discharged by eneral order May 25, '65. 
Zediker, Levi, Feb. 27, '65; mustered out with company Sept. 11, '65. 


Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers. 
William C. Shurlock, captain, Aug. 31, '61; resigned Dec. 16, 1861. 


Officers and Non-Commissioned Officeks — Continued. 

Thomas J. Hamilton, captain, A\ig. 81, '61; promoted from 1st lieutenant to 
captain Dec. 10, '61; to major May 21, '64. 

John L. Johnston, captain, Aug. iil.'Gl; promoted to sergeant May l.'i, '63; to 
gd lieutenant June 24, '64; to captain Jan. 27, '6.5; prisoner July 30 to Aug. 23, '64; 
wounded at Cedar Creek, Va., October li), '04; mustered out with ccmipany July 24, 
'65; veteran. 

James M. Calhoun, 1st lieutenant, Aug. 31, '61; promoted from 1st .sergeant 
Dec. 10, '61; resigned IMarch 1, '64. 

William F. Lyon, 1st lieutenant, Sept. 9, '61; promoted to sergeant Nov. 1,5, '62; 
to 1st lieutenant May 22, '64; commissioned captain June 15, 64; not mustered: 
resigned Dec. 12, '64; veteran. 

John C. Hart, 1st lieutenant, Aug. 31, '61; promoted to sergeant May 15, '63; to 
l8t lieutenant, Jan. 28, '65; wounded at Petersburg, Va. , JIarch 25, '65; mustered 
out with company July 24, '65: veteran. 

James K. Caughey, 2d lieutenant, Aug. 31, '61; resigned Dec. 16, '61. 

Daniel Frazier, 2d lieutenant. Sept 5, '61 ; promoted to corjioral Nov. '61 ; to 2d 
lieutenant Dec. IT. '61; resigned July 12, '62. 

Alvin 51. Reed, Sept. 13, '01; promoted to 2d lieutenant June 14, '62; wounded 
in action Nov. 18, '63; commissioned ist lieutenant March 10. '64. 

Robert J. Douthitt, 2d lieutenant, Aug. 31, '61; captain May 2, '64; not mus- 
tered; resigned June 14, '64; promoted to- corporal May 16, '63; to sergeant Nov. 1, 
'63; to 2d lieutenant IVIarch 13, 'G5; -wounded in action Nov. '16, '63; mustered out 
with company .Tuly 24, '65; veteran. 

Thorap.son Baker, Dec. 26, '61; promoted to 1st sergeant ;\[arch IT. '05; mustered 
out with companj' July 24, '65; veteran. 

Ship'n X. Douthitt; 1st sergeant, Aug. 28, '61 ; mustered out Aug. 30, '64; expiration 
of term. 

AVm. H. Huffman, sergeant, Sept. 13, '61; pri.'-oiier Aug. 21, '04, to Feb. '65; mus- 
tered out with company July 24, '65; veteran. 

Robert D. Dawson, sergeant, Sept. 13, '61; musten-d out with c(mipany July 24, '65; 

Parkhurst Sburlock, sergeant, Dec. 20, '01; promoted from corporal 51ar(h IT, '65; 
mustered out with company July 24, '65 veteran . 

William S. Dillon, Sept. 16, '61; promoted from corporal Feb. 1, '65; mustered 
out with company July 24, '65; veteran. 

John S, Heilman, .sergeant. Sept. 16. '(!1; killed at Boydton plank road, Va , Oct. 
2T, '64; buried in Poplar Grove National cemetery, l\'tersburg, division D, section D, 
grave 2; veteran. 

.'Andrew Cole, sergeant, Aug. 2N, '01; not on musler-out roll. 

Samuel S. McClure, sergeant, Aug. 28, '61; not on musler-out roll. 

Joseph F. Herron, corporal, Dec. 26, '61; mustered out with company July 24, '65; 

Robert S. Foster, corporal, Feb. 2T, '64; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Joseph Wible, corporal, Aug. 28, '61; mustered out with company July 24, '65; 

Joseph A. Courtney, Aug, 31, '61; promoted to corporal .March IT, 65; mustered 
out with company July 24, '65; veteran. 

John B. Rayl, corporal, Sept. 13, '61; discharged ; date unknown; re-enlisted Feb. 
26, '64 ; promoted to corporal March IT, '65 ; nuistered out with company. 


Ofp'iceus and NoN-CoMJiissro?JF.D Okficeks — Continued. 

Francis Eiiton, forporal, Sept. 16. 'lil ; mustered out with compaii}' July 24. '6!j; 

Wni. J. I)avid.son, corporal, Sept. 1<>. '(il ; promottd to corporal .luly 1. 'G.T; mus- 
tered out witli company July 24, '().''); veteran. 

John Clarke, corporal. Marcli iill, 'lU; |iromoteil to corporal July 1, '(i."i: nuistered out 
with compau}' July 24, '65. 

William IT, Duiilap, coriioral, Auff. 28, '61; mustered out Aua;. :!0, 1864; e.x- 
piration of term. 

John Harvey, corporal, Aug. 28, '61 ; mustered out Aug, 80, '64; expiration of term. 

George S. Dunlap, corporal, .\ug. 28, '61 ; captured at Weldon railroad, Va., 
Aug. 19, '64; died at Salisljury. N. ('..Jan. 27, '65; death record bears name John S. 
Dunlap; veteran. 

Samuel C. Stratton. corporal, Dec. 26, '61; captured .-it Cold llarlior, Va., June 
2, '64; died at Florence, S. C, Jan. 27, '65; veteran. 

John M. .McConnell. corporal, Sept. 16, 1861; kilUil at Weldon r;iilroad, Ya., Aug. 
19, '64; veteran. 

Henry JIcElhany, cor|ioral, Aug. 2S, '01; not on muster out roll. 

Joseph F. Edgar, corporal, Aug. 28, '61; not cm muster-out roll. 

George S. Veon, corporal, Aug. 28. '61; not on muster-out roll, 

William F. Grant, corporal, Aug. 28, '61; not on nuister-out roll. 

Jo.'seph Veon, corporal, August 28, '01; not on muster-out roll, 

Julius L. Crans, corporal, Aug. 28, '61; not on nnister-o\it roll. 

John T. Harve}', musician, Sept. \'.i, '61; mustered out with company .luly 24, '6.">; 

Alonzo F. Thomas, musician. Sept, I'.i. '61; not on nuislcr-out roll. 


Bowers, Joseph M., Feb. 29, '64; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Bradshaw, Marion, Feb. 27, '64; mustered out with cumpati}' July 24, '65. 

Beer, HeiuT, Feb. 18, '65; substitute; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Banghart, William, JIarch 6, '65; substitute; discharged by general order June 27, '65. 

B:ill, William, Jan. -U. '65; substitute; killed at Petersburg, Va,, March 25, '65. 

Boll, Frank, Jan. 19. '65; substitute; discharged June ;iO, '65. 

Babel, Joseph, Aug. 21, '61; not on muster-out roll. 

Boyd, William D. Aug. 21, '61; not on muster out roll. 

Brown, William B., Aug. 21, '61 ; not on muster nut roll. 

Cearfass, Adam L., Aug. 28, '61; mustered out with com|)auy July 24, '65; veteran. 

Cozad, William J., Dec. 28, '65; alxent; sic'k at muster-out; veteran 

Courlney, John C, Fell. 27, (14; W(iUiKled at AVildcrness, Va., Jlny 6, '(!4; d's- 
charged .\pril 1, '65. 

Cearfass, Andrew, Aug. 28, '61; died in Ltiwrence comity. Pa., Jan. 27, '65; veteran. 

Cearfass, George W., Dec. 28, '68; died June 10 of wounds received; tit Spottsyl- 
vania C. II., Va , .May 12, '64; buried in National cemeteiy, .\.rIington veteran. 

Crowd, John, Feb. 12, '64; killed at Wehlon railroad, Va., Aug. 19, '64; liuricd in 
Poplar Grove cemetery, Petersburg, division A, .section A, grave 9. 

Co,\, Frederick, not on nmster-out roll; burial record, Jos, F. C!ox, died Louisville, 
Ky., Aug. 17, '63; buried in National cemetery, section B, range 16, grave 2. 

Cook, Thomas, .Vug. 28, '61; not on muster out roll. 


List of Privates — Continued. 

Coddie, John Sept. 5, '61; not on muster-out roll; veteran. 

Culberson, Kobert, Sept. 13, '61; not on muster-out roll. 

Cook, .Joseph, ; not on niu.ster-out roll. 

Dawson, George B., Feb. 20, '64; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Duncan, John J., Feb. 20, '64; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Dillon, Daniel, Feb. 22, '64; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Dougherty, Joseph. Feb 1, '65; .substitute; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Devinney, Thomas, Jan. 11, '65; drafted; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Dawson, Samuel B., Aug. 28, '61; mustered out August 30, 1864; expiration of term. 

Dawson, James M., Feb. 26, '64; missing in action at Spottsyhauia, C. H., Va., 
May 12, 1864. 

Dawson, Benjamin, Feb. 22, '64; died at Washington, D. C, June 6, of wounds 
received in action ^lay 2S, '64. 

Daugherty, Frank, Feb. 2'!", '64; died at Washington, D. C, July 28, '64; buried in 
National cemetery, Arlington, Va. 

Dunlap, Thomas A., Sept. 16, '61; not onmusler-out roll. 

Karly, Theodore F., Feb. 27, '64; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Early, James H., Feb. 20, '65; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Eakin, Nathaniel, Feb. 26. '64; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Early, Henry C, Aug. 31, '61; mustered out with company July 24, '65; veteran- 
Elder, Robert B.,Sepf. 13, '61; died at Beaufort, S. C; date unknown. 

Edward, James, March 11, '65; substitute; deserted May 5, '65. 

Foster, James F., Feb. 27, '04; died Oct. 6 of wounds received at Poplar Spring 
church, Va., October 2, 1864. 

Felger, Gotleib, Feb. 14, '65; substitute; deserted June 30, '65. 

Finkhouser, Jo.seph C, Sept. 13, '61; not on mu.ster-out roll. 

Grove, Richard A., Aug. 31, '61; mustered out with company July 24, '65; veteran. 

Grant, John, March 1, '65; substitute; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Goss, Abraham, Jan. 11, '65; drafted; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Garling, George W., Feb. 22, '65; drafted; mustered outwith company July 24, 65. 

Gallagher, James, Sept. 13, '61; not on muster out roll. 

Harvey. AVilliamF., Jan. 8, '64; mustered out with company July 24, '05. 

Hughey, Anna's C, Feb. 27, '64; mustered out witli company July 24, '65. 

Heilman, James L , Feb. 16, '04; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Hornbaker, John H., Feb. 22, '65; drafted; muslere<l out with company July 24, '65. 

Ilollinger, John, Fel). 22, '65; drafted; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Hall, John, Feb. 11, '65; .substitute; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Helfenberger, John, March2, '65; .substitute; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Ilardiraon, Joseph, March 6, '65; substitute; discharged by general order July 6, '65. 

Hannah, John B., Feb. 27, '64; discharged on surgeon's certificate June 4, '65. 

Ilerron, William, Feb 27, '64; died at Washington, D. ('.. April 19, '('>5; buried in 
National cemetery, Arlington, Va. 

Henderson, James, Feb. lo, '64; captured at Petersburg, Va., Jul}' 30, 64; died Aug. 
30, 64; b\iried in National cemetery, division 1, section B, grave 132. 

Howard, Smith, Jan. 30, '65: substitute; killed at Petersburg, Va., March 25, '05. 

Henry, David, Aug. 14, '62; killed at Cold Harbor, Va., June 2, '04; buried in Na- 
tional cemetery, Louisville, Ky. 

Hanna, Andrew, Aug. 28, '61; not on muster-out roll. 

beavee county. 333 

List ok Pkivates — Continued. 

Hamilton, Robert, Sept. 5, '61; uot ou muster-out roll. 

Jacksou, Ira R., Feb. '30, '64; died March i4, '64: buried iu Xational cemetery, Louis 
ville, Ivy., section IS, row 8, grave 5S. 

Johnson, Robert J., Sept. 5, '61; noton muster-out roll. 

Kessicker, 'William, Jan. 11, '65; drafted; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Kaughman, Samue!, Jan. 11, '65; drafted; mustered out with company July '24, '65. 

Kelly. William, Aug. 28, '61; absent; sick at muster-out; veteran. 

Kenard, Daniel, Aug. 38, '61; discharged by special order March 10, '65; veteran. 

Kelly, John, March 10, '65; substitute; de.serted May 6, '65. 

King, James, March 11. '65; substitute; deserted May 5, '65. 

Kennedy, Joseph F., Aug. iSl, '61; not on muster-out roll. 

Knowles. Archibald. Aug. 28, '61; noton muster-out roll. 

Keifer, John, Sept. 16, '61; not on muster-out roll. 

Lyon, Harrison, Sept. 0, '61; mustered out witli company July 24, '65; veteran. 

Lyon, Jacob J., Feb. 26, '64; killed at Petersburg, Va., March 25, '65. 

Lyon, James F., Sept. 16, '61; not on muster-out roll. 

Martin, James M., Aug. 31, '61; discharged; date unknown; refnlisted Feb. 24, '64, 
mustered out with company July 24, 65. 

Minner, Robert, Feb. 24, '64; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Miller, John, March 8, '65; substitute; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Miller, William H., Dec. 22, '64; drafted; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Miller, John A., July 19, '64; drafted; mustered <mt with company July '24, '65. 

Mahew. .lames, April 8. '64; killed at Morth Anna river, Va. , May 25, '64. 

Martin, Patrick, March 9, '65; deserted May 5, '65. 

Maloney, Richard, Sept. 13. '61; not on muster-out roll. 

Mortle}', William, Sept. 5. 'fil; not on muster-out roll. 

Mallon, Henry, Sept. 5, '61; not on muster-out roll . 

McCuUougli, James M., Aug. 31, '61; mustered out with company July 24, '65; 
veteran . 

McCoy. Jo-seph F , Sept. 16, '61; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

McKinley, Thomas J., Feb. 26, '64; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

jMcKean, James J., Mar. 6, '65; substitute; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

McLain. John M., March 31, '64; killed at Cold Harbor, Va., June 2, '64. 

McCarnie, Cicero, private. Sept. 16, '61; noton muster-out roll. 

McGeehan, John, Sept. 13, '61; noton muster-out roll. 

McKinley, William H., Sept. 16, '61; not on muster-out roll. 

Nippert, Philip, March 6, '65; substitute; mustered out with company July 24. '65. 

Nippert, Henry C, Mar. 6, '65; substitute; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Parr, James, March 4, '65; substitute; wounded at Petersburg, Va., March 25, '65; 
absent, sick at mu.ster out. 

Powell, Elijah. Feb. 27, '64; mustered out with company July '24, '65. 

Peters, Chambers, March 31, '64; killed at Cold Harbor, Va., June 2, '64. 

Powell, Thomas J., Aug. 28, '(il; died Oct. 7, 1862; buried in Military Asylum 
■cemetery, D. C. 

Pennell, Walter, Aug. 28, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 2, '61. 
. Pearson, William, Sept. 5, '61; not on muster-o\it roll. 

Polin, Robert, Oct. 8, '62; noton muster-out roll. 

Quirk, James, March 8, '65; substitute; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

334 history of beaver cocnty. 

List ok Privates — Continued. 

Quinn, James, Oct,-8, '62; not on muster-out loll. 

Roe, Uriah, Feb. 25. '64; mustered out with compan}- July i, '65. 

Roberts, Jacob F., April 8, '64; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Reed, Andrew, Oct. 8, '62; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Rcece, Arthur, January 11, '65; drafted; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Rowe, Hezekiah J., Jlarch 1, '65; substitute; mustered out with comp'y July 24, '65. 

Rogers, William B., March (i, '65; deserted June 30, '65. 

Reno, JohnB., Aug. 28, '61; not on muster-out roll. 

Reed, John D., Aug. 28, '61; not on muster-out roll. 

Reed, Cunningham, Aug. 28. '61; not on muster-out roll. 

Reed, Samuel, Feb. 27, '64; not on muster-out roll. 

Reed, William A., Feb. 27, '64; not on muster out roll. 

Sweitzer, Charles, Feb. 1, '65; substitute; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Shaffer, Lewis, Feb. 6, '65; substitute; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Shaffer, George, Feb. 22, '65; drafted; absent, sick at muster-out. 

Smith, Jacob, Feb. 8, '65; substitute; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Stevens. Jacob, Feb. 4, '65; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Steven.=, Manford, June HO, '64; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Stevens, James W., April 8, '64; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Scott, Robert, Feb. 27, '64; mustered out with comijany July 24, 65. 

Shoff, John G., Jan. 11, '65; drafted; discharged by general order June 20, '65. 

Slmrlock, Robert J.. Aug. 28, '61; mustered out Aug. 30, '64; expiration of term. 

Smith, William F. L.. Feb. 27, '64; killed at Weldon railroad, Va., August 19, '64. 

Snyder, William M., March 31, '64; died at Alexandria, Va., Aug. 7, '64. 

Stoops, John, March 4, '64; died July 26, '64; buried in Alexandria, Va. ; grave 2,337. 

Scott, John, Aug. 28, '61; not on muster-out roll . 

Stephenson, William, Sept. 13, '61; not on muster uut roll. 

Smith, Lewis B.. Sept. 16. '61; not on muster-out roll. 

Sampson, Harrison, Dec. 26, '61; not on mu.ster out roll. 

Smith. William, Aug. 11, '64; not ou muster-out roll. 

Sayer, Abraham, Feb. 26, '64; not on muster out roll. 

Toy, William, Sept 16, '61; discharged; date unknown; rePnlisted Februar}' 27, '64 
mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Tidball, George P., Aug. 31, '61; discharged; date unknown; reOnlisted ilarch 2, 
'64; mustered out with company July 34, '65. 

Tolson, Joseph. Feb. 28, '65; drafted; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Torr, William. March 6, '65; substitute; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Taylor, John, Feb. 32, '65; drafted; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Trump. Isaiah, Aug. 31, '61; not on muster-out mil. 

Vankirk, George W., Dec. 38, '61; mustered out Dec. 28, '64; expiration of term. 

Vaukirk, William, December 38, '61; mustered out Dec. 38, '64; expiration of term. 

VVilherite, Shannon, Jan. 11, '65; drafted; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Watt, George R., Feb. 27, '64; drafted; mustered out with company July 24, '65. 

Wilson, Alvin S., Feb. 23, '64; wounded at Petersburg, Va . ^larch 35, '65; dis- 
charged by general order July 28, '65. 

AVylie, Henry, Sept. 3, 61; mustered out with company, July 24, 65; veteran. 

Watt. Thomas, Aug. 28, '61 ; mustered out with company July 24, 65; veteran. 

Welsh, Philip C, March 4, '65; discharged by general order June6, '65. 

beaver county. 335 

List of Piuvates — Continued. 

Wilson, Robert, Sept. l.S, '(31; mustered out Aug. 30, '64; expiration of term. 

West, Harry, Aug. 28, '61; not on muster-out roll. 

White. William H., Aug. 28, '61; not on muster-out roll. 

Webb, .Joseph. Sept. 13, '61; not on muster-out roll. 

West, .lames, Dec. 26, '61; not on muster-out roll. 

Wait. Alfred, Oct. 8, '62; not on muster-out roll. 

Yoiuig. TorrenceF., Feb. 27, '64; mustered out with compan}- .July 24, '65. 

Young, .Tames W., Feb. 27, '64; mustered out with company .July 24, '65. 


Commissioned and N(in-Commissioned Officers. 

.J. Adams Vera, Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Sam'l R. Patterson, 1st lieut., Aug 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

John S. Anderson. 2nd lieutenant, Aug. 14, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate 
Feb. 3, '63. 

Jas. H. Calkins, 2nd lieutenant, Aug. 14. '62; promoted from corporal to sergeant, 
Nov. 28, '62; to 2nd lieutenant, April 16, '63; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Wm. A. McGahey, 1st sergeant, Aug. 14, '62; promoted from corporal to sergeant, 
Aug 26, '62; to 1st sergeant, Nov. 27, '62; missing at Frederick.sburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62. 

Aug. Tomllnson, .sergeant, Aug. 14, '62; mustered out willi company May 26, '63. 

Jacob B. Parkinson, sergeant, Aug. 14, '(i2; promoted fr(nu corporal Nov. 28, '62; 
mustered otit with company May 26, '63. 

Wm. W. French, sergeant, Aug. 14, '62; promoted to corporal, Nov. 28. '62; to 
sergeant, April 16, '63; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Geo. W. Lockhart, sergeant, Aug. 14, '62; promoted from corporal, ()ct. 10, '62; 
missing at Chancellorsville, Va. , May 3, '63. 

Harry C. Patterson, .sergeant, Aug. 14, '62; pi-omoted to quartermaster sergeant 
Aug. 20, '62. 

George W. Hays, sergeant. Aug. 14, '62; died at Point Lookout, Md., Jan. 2. '63. 

George Loomis, Aug. 14, '62; promoteil to corporal, Feb. '.I, '63; mustered out with 
company, Alay 20, '63. 

James Osborn, Aug. 14, '62; promoted to corporal, Feb. !t, '63; mustered out with 
company May 26. '63. 

James Arbiickle, corporal, Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Oliver W. Croxton, Aug. 14, '62; promoted to corporal, Feb. 3, '63; mustered 
out with company May 26, '63. 

Harrison Punkard, corporal, Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company Jlay 26, '63. 

William Flugga, Aug. 14, '62; promoted to corporal, Jan. 0. '63; mustered out with 
company May 26, '63. 

Robert H. Aley, Aug. 14. 't)2; promoted to corporal. May 1, '63; mustered out with 
company May 26, '63. 

Thomas Kelle}', Aug. 14, '62; promoted to corporal Oct. Ill, '62; mustered out with 
company May 26, '63. 

George F. Lukens, corporal, Aug. 14, '<i2; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 
20, '62. 

George W. Moore, corporal, Aug. 14, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 
20, '62. 

Os. J. Funkliouser, musician, Aug. 14, '62; mustered outwith company May 26, '63. 



Andrews, JoliD, Aug. 14, '62; wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '63; mus- 
tered out with company May 26, '63. 

Broolis, James W.; mustered out witli compau}- May 26, '63. 

Broad, Aaron., Aug. 14, '62; mustered out witli company Alay 26, '63. 

Boswcll, Tliomas, Aug. 14, '62; mustered out witli company, May 26, '63. 

Boswell, Joseph, Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Bestwick, Isaac, Aug 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Beuchler, William, Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Broad, James, Aug 14, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate, Jan. 20, '68. 

Chapman, Sam'l S., Aug. 14, '62; wounded at Chancellorsville, Va., Jlay 3, '63; 
mustered out witli company May 26, '63. 

Camp, J. H., Jr., Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Carson, Enoch P., Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company Maj' 26, '63. 

Caugliey, James W., Aug, 14, '62; mustered out with company JIa}' 26, '68. 

Campbell, James T., A>ig. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Carney, Garett, Aug. 14, '62; died at Washington, I). C, Sept. 18, '62; Iniried in 
Military Asyhmi cemetery. 

Duck, Albert A., Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Dawson, Scroggs L., Aug. 14, 62; wounded at C;hancellor,sville, Va., May 3, '63; 
m\istered out with company May 26, '63. 

Freed, George W., Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Fish, Thomas, Aug. 14. '63; uuistered out wilh company May 26, '63. 

Fountain, Peter, Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '(i3. 

French, Robert M., Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 36, '63. 

Ferree, Francis L., , Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with compary May 26, '63. 

Graham, John W., Aug. 14, 62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Gibson, Levi, Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 36, '63. 

Grant, John, Aug. 14, '63; missed in action at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '03. 

Griffin. Willet, Aug. 14, 62; mustered out with company May 36, '63. 

Graham, Sam'l C, Aug. 14, '62; wouuded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62; 
mustered out with compan}' ilay 26, '63. 

Gallagher, Joseph, Aug. 14, '62; discliargcd on surgeon's certilicate, Feb. 4, '63. 

Harton, James M., Aug. 14, '62; nnistered out with company May 26, '63. 

Hays, Samuel, Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Hunter, Wm. M., Aug. 14, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 19, '68. 

Hollenbaugh, J. L., Aug. 14, '63; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 6, '63. 

Hollenbaugh, W. T., Aug. 14, '62; deserted Nov. 18, 62. 

Kennedy, James T., Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Keusley, Adam, Aug. 14, '63; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

King, William R., Aug. 14, .'62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 6, '62. 

Lias, Feli.x, Aug. 14, '62; wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62; mu,stered 
out with company May 26, 63. 

Larimore, Wm. C. , Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Large, Christ. C, Aug. 14, '63; mustered out with company !May 36, '63. 

Loomis, Chamb'n, Aug. 14, '62; died at Frederick, Md., Dec. 21, 62; buried in 
National cemetery, Antietam, section 26, lot E, grave 488. 

Marquis, Porter S., Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company 5Iay 26, '63. 

Morton, William, Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Marshall, James, Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 


liisT OF Privates — Continued. 

Jlitchell, Robert, Aug. 14, '(52; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

JIahatfie, Chamb'n, Aug. 14, '62; discharged on surgcou'.s certificate Feb. 17, '63. 

Muntz, Henry, Aug. 14, '62; wounded at Fredericlisburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62; dis- 
charged on surgeon's certificate, April 18, '63. 

Metschan, John, Aug. 14, '62; died at Point Looliout, Md., .Jan. 30, 63, of wounds 
received at Frederick-sburg, Va., Dec. 13, '63. 

Jlagaw, Wesle}', Aug. 14, '62; died at Washington, D. C, Felj. 16, '63, of wouuds 
received at Fredericlisburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62. 

McCasliey, Wm. R., Aug. 14. '62; mustered out with company Jlay 36, '63. 

McLaiu. Hiram, Aug. 14, '62 mustered; out with company May 26, '63. 

McCabe, Robert A., Aug. 14, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate .Jan. 9, '63. 

3[cCrear}'. Alfred S., Aug. 14, '62; di.scharged on surgeon's certificate March;31, '63. 

]\[cC'lellan, William, Aug. 14. '63; discharged on surgeon's certificate .Jan. 7, '63. 

Newman, Casper, Aug. 14, '63; mustered out with company May 26, 63. 

Pettit, John F., Aug. 14, '62; wounded at Fredrickslmrg, Va., Dec. 13, '62;\rau.s- 
tered out with company Ma_y 36, '63. 

Read, William J., Aug. 14, '63; mustered out with company May 36, '63. 

Raricks, John, Aug. 14, '63; mustered out with company Mav 26, '63. 

Rapp, Christ, Aug. 14, '63; discharged on .surgeon's certificate Jlarch 27, '63. 

Ross, Samuel, Aug. 14, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate .Jan. 14, '63. 

Shaffer, John, Aug. 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Sweasy, Wm. H., Aug, 14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Stevens, Marcus, Aug. 14, '63; mustered out witli company May 36, '63. 

Smith, William F., Aug. 14, '63; wounded at Fredrickslmrg Va., Dec. 13, '63; 
mustered out with company May 36, '63. 

Sager, Lewis, Sr., Aug. 14, '63; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 4, '63. 

Sager, Lewis, Jr., Aug. 14, '63; discharged on surgeon's certificate March 16, '63. 

Scroggs, Elijah N., Aug. 14, '63; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 19, 63. 

Smith, Stonis, Aug. 14, '63; discharged on surgeon's certificate April 3, '63. 

Todd, Samuel L., Aug. 14. '63; mustered out with company May 36, '63. 

West, Ansel G., Aug. 14, '63; mustered out with company May 36, '63. 

Wallace, Wm. H., Aug. 14, '63: mustered out with company May 36, '63. 

Willard, John G., Aug. 14, '63; mustered out with company May 36, '63. 

COMPANY I, l.'>4rn rkgiment, v. v. nine months' service. 


John W. Hague, captain, Sept. 1, '62; wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 18, 
'63; mustered out with company May 36, '63. 

Hugh Barnes. 1st lieutenant, Aug. 32, '62; killed at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '63. 
James H. Mountain, 1st lieutenant, Sept. 1, '62; promoted from 3d lieutenant Dec. 

13, '63; mustered out with company Maj' 26, '63. 

Oliver P. Swisher, 3d lieutenant, Aug. 19, '62; jiromoted from 1st .sergeant Dec. 

14, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

John C. McCleary, 1st sergeant, Aug. 19, '62; promoted from corporal to sergeant 
Jan. 1, '63; to sergeant March 1, '63; mu.stered out with company May 26, '63. 

Thomas J. McCarter, 1st sergeant, Aug. 19, '63; promoted from sergeant Jan. 1, 
'63; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 17, '63. 


Officebs and Non-Commissioned Officers — Continued. 

John B. Rowe, sergeant, Aug. 19, '62; promoted from corporal Jan. IT, '63; 
mustei-L'd out with company May 26, '63. 

William Ilites, sergeant, Aug. li), '62; promoted from corporal March 1,'03; mustered 
out with company Maj' 26, '63. 

Isaac Murdock, sergeant, Aug. 19, '62; discharged April 16. '03, for wounds re- 
ceived at Fredericksburg, ^'a., Dec. 13, '62. 

Samuel Howe, sergeant, Aug. 19. '02; discharged on surgeon's certificate. Jan. 10, '03. 
J. T. W. MoCuue, sergeant, Aug. 22, '02: discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 
9, '63. 

John A. Urabarger, Aug. 2i, '02; promoted to corporal ^March 1, '03; mustered out 
with company May 26, '63. 

Joseph McJIillen, corporal, Aug. 19, '62; wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 
11, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

A. M. Cunningham, corporal, Aug. 19, '62; wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 
13, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

William Dickson, Aug. 22, '62; promoted to corporal Jan. 26, 03; mustered out with 
company >[ay 20, '63. 

Thomas lloward, corporal, Aug. 19, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Robert iM(;Clure, corporal, Aug. 19, '62; mustered out with company Jlay 26, '03. 

William Brooks, Aug. 19, '02; promoted to corporal Jan. 20, '03; mustered out with 
company May 26, '63. 

William McGeehon, corporal. Aug. 19, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate j\Iarch 
27, '63. 


Adams, Samuel C, Aug. 19. '02; discharged on surgeon's certificate Jan. 5, '63. 

Bowers, Robert, Aug. 19, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Boyd, Alexander S., Aug. 19, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Boyd, Joseph M., Aug. 19, '62; wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62; 
mustered out with company Maj' 26, ' 63. 

Benson, Samuel, Aug. 19, '02, captured at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '02; 
mustered out with companj' .May 26. '63. 

Brown, Richard R., Aug. 19, '02; wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62; 
mustered out with company May 20, '63. 

Babel, Amos W., Aug. 19, '02; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Best, William C, Aug. 19, '62; died near Falmouth, Va., Dec. 30, '62. 

Carothers, Robert, Aug. 19, '62 ; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Cook, Benj, F., Aug.l9,'02; mustered out with company Afay 20, '63. 

Camp, Christian, Aug. 19, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Cory, Eleathan A., Aug. 22, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Nov. 13, '02. 

Collins, Francis M., Aug. 19, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 23, '63. 

Carrol, Patrick, Aug 19, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 4, '63. 

Duncan, Edward, Aug. 19, '02; mustered out with company May 20, *63. 

Dillworth, John C, Aug. 19, '62; wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62; 
mustered out with company May 26, '03. 

Dunlap, Joseph F., Aug. 22, '62; wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62; 
mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Dillon, j\[iller, Aug. 22. '62; mustered out with company Slay 26, '63. 

Dillworth. Calvin J., Aug 22, '62; di.scliarged on surgeon's certificate April 10, '63. 



List of Privates — Continued. 

Davidson, Reed A., Aug. 19, '02; died at Washington, D. C, Jan. 14, '63, of wounds 
received at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62. 

Davidson, Josepli A., Aug. 19, '62; liilled at Fredericlisburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62. 

Degarimo, Jolinston, Aug. 19, '62; died at WasliiDgton,D. C.Jau. 5, '63, of wounds 
received at Fredericlisburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62; buried in Militarj' Asylum cemetery. 

Edwards, Joseph B., Aug. 32, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Fields, John B , Aug. 19, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Fullis, William, Aug. 19, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Furgeson, Robert K., Aug. 19, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Feasel, George, Aug. 22, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Feasel, Albert, Aug; 32, '62; killed at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62. 

Huston, Jeremiah, Aug. 19. '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 4, '63. 

luman, Thomas B., Aug. 22, '62; mu.stered out with company May 26, '63. 

Inman, Nelson, Aug. 22, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Jones, Lewis, Aug. 22, '63; mustered out with companj- May 26, '63. 

Johnston, William L., Aug. 19, '63; wounded at Chancellorsville, Va., ]May 3, '63; 
absent, in hospital, at nuister out. 

Johnston, James M., Aug. 19, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Johnston, Lycu's J., Aug. 19, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Jenkins, Noah, Aug. 19, '62; killed at Fredericksburg, Va. , Dec.13, '62. 

Kirkpatrick, Mit'l, Aug. 19, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Lusk, James H., Aug. 23, '62; wounded at Frederick.sburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62; 
absent, in hospital, at muster out. 

Lambright, Jacob, Aug. 19, '62; mustered nut with company May 26. '63. 

Leslie, George C, Aug. 22, '62; discharged ou stirgeou's certificate Jan. 16, '63. 

Leslie, George W., Aug. 22, '63; discharged April 9, '63, for wounds received at 
Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '63. 

Minuer, James, Aug. 19, '63; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Martin, John, Aug. 19, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Miller, William B., AUg. 33, '63; discharged March29, 1863, for wounds received at 
Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '63. 

Minner, Samuel, Aug. 19, '63; died near Falmouth, Va., Dec. 10, '62. 

Miller, Henry V., Aug. 19, '63; died near FalmoiUh, Va.,Dec. 3. '62. 

Miller, Robert, Aug. 19, '63; killed at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '63. 

Mitchell, William, Aug. 23, '62; died at Acquia Creek, Va., Jan. 31, '63. 

McCuue, James A., Aug. 22, '63; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

McGeehon, Stew't R., Aug. 19, '62; wounded at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, '63; 
mustered out with company. May 26, '63. 

McClure, James L.. Aug. 19. '62; mustered out with company May 26, ■()3. 

McCready, Edwin, Aug. 19, '62; mustered out with company May 36, 63. 
McMillen, Ralston, August 19, '63; mustered out with company May 36, '63. 
McMillen, Matt. II., August 19, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 
McAuliss, Wm. W., August 19, '63; mustered out with company May 36, '63. 
JtcNutt, Smith, August 19, '62; missing in action at Fredericksburg, Va.,Dec. 13, '62. 
]\IcGinnis, Alviu G., Aug. 19. '63; discharged April 21, '63, for wounds received 
at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62. 

McKim, Samuel, Aug. 19, '(i2; died Dec. 17, of wounds received at Fredericksburg, 
Va., Dec. 13, '62. 


List of Prfvates — Continued. 

Powell, George W., Aug. 19, '62; mu.stcred out with company May 26, '63. 

Reed, Joseph G., Aug. 22, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Royl, Thomas, Aug. 19, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate March 28, '63. 

Ramsey, John, Aug. 19, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate March 28, '63. 

Reed, James M., Aug. 22, '62; died near Falmouth, Va., Dec. 1, '62. 

Snyder, PhineasL., Aug. 19, '62; missing in action at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec, 
13, '62. 

Swisher, John B., Aug. 22, '62; died at Frederick, Md., Xov. 13, '62. 

Sinitli, William P., Aug. 19, '62; died at Sharpsburg, Md., Oct. 22, '62. 

White, William, Aug. 19, '62; mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Whitenbarger, Ilir. , Aug. 19, '62; wounded at Fredericksburg, Va. , Dec. 13, '62 
mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Williams, Thos. D., Aug. 19, '62; wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62 
mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Woods, William J., Aug. 22, '62; wounded at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, '63 
mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Young, Walter A., Aug. 19, '62; wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, '62 
mustered out with company May 26, '63. 

Young, Henry II., Aug. 19. '62; mustered out with company May 26. '63. 

Young, .\ddison D., Aug. 22, '62; mustered out with company Ma)' 26, '63. 

cosiPANY H, 139th regiment p. v., three years' service. 
Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers. 

John A. Donald, captain, Sept. 1, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate. July 
25, '63. 

James J. Conway, captain, Sept. 1, '62; promoted from 1st lieutenant, July 21, '63; 
wounded at Cold Harbor, Va., June 2, '64; mustered out with company June 21, '65. 

John J. Beuitz, 1st lieutenant, Sept. 1, '62; promoted from 1st sergeant to 2d lieu- 
tenant, April 25, '63; to 1st lieutenant July 23, '63; discharged Sept. 18, '64. 

Jack.son Boggs, 1st lieutenant, Sept. 1, '62; wounded at Salem Heights, May 3, 
63; and at Spottsylvania C. H., Va., May 12, '64; promoted from sergeant, Nov. 24 
64; mustered out with company, June 21, '65. 

James Fulton, 2d lieueuant, Sept. 1, '62; discharged JIarch 5, '63. 

Abraham Brown, 1st sergeant, Sept. 1, '62; promoted to corporal, June 12,63; to 
.sergeant Sept. 10, '64; to 1st sergeant, March 11, '65; mustered out with company 
June 21, '65. 

S. E. Holesinger, sergeant, Sept. 1, '62; promoted to corporal July 4, ' 63; to ser- 
geant, Oct. 16, '64; wounded at Wilderness, Va., May 5, '64; mustered out with com- 
pany, June 21, '65. 

Ozias Reno, sergeant, Sept. 1, '62; promoted to corporal, March 12, '64; to sergeant, 
Sept. 19, '64; mustered out with company, June 21, '65. 

George W. Painter, sergeant, Sept. 1, '62; wounded at Wilderness, Va.,May5, 
'64; discharged April 19. '65. 

William II. McDonald, sergeant, Sept. 1, '62; tran.sferred to veteran reserve corps, 
July 9, '63; discharged by general order, June 29, '65. 

Patrick Finn, sergeant, Sept.l, '62; killed at Salem Heights, Va., May 3, '63. 

John Richards, sergeant, Sept. 1, '62; killed at Fort Stevens, D. C, July 11, '64. 

George Bentle, sergeant, Sept. 1, '62; killed at Flint's Hill, Va., Sept. 21, 64. 

beaver county. 343 

Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers — Continued. 

Henry Holland, sergeant, Sept. 1, '62; wounded at Wilderness, Va., May 5, and 
captured May 8, '64; died at Wilmington, N. C, date unknown; buried in National 
cemetery, grave 994. 

Peter Kremple, corporal, Sept. 1, '62; promoted to corporal Dec 15, 63; wounded 
at Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, 64; mustered out with company June 21, '65. 

William D. Boots, Sept. 1, '62; promoted to corporal Sept. 10, 64; mustered out 
with company June 21, '65. 

William C. Holesinger, Sept 1, '6'^; promoted to corporal Oct. 19, '64; wounded 
at Spottsylvania C. H. May 12, '64, and at Petersburg, Va.. April 2, '65; discharged by 
general order June 16, '65. 

William Vea/.y, Sept. 1, '62; promoted to corporal Nov. 1, '64; mustered out with 
company June 21, '65. 

George Anderson, corporal. Sept 1, '62; wounded at Winchester, Va., Sept. 19, 
'64; promoted to corporal Jan 1, '64; mustered out with company June 21, '65. 

William J. Allen, corporal, Sept. 1, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate 
March 22, '63. 

Thomas JlcKee, corporal. Sept 1, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Jan. 4, 63. 

Frank Hays, corporal, Sept. 1, '62; killed at Spottsylvania C. H. Va., May 12, 64; 
buried in burial grounds Wildernee.s. 

Robert L. Richards, corporal, Sept. 1, '62; killed at Wilderness, Va., May 5, '64. 

.Joseph F. McDonald, musician, Sept. 1, '62; mustered out with company June 
31, '65. 

Lewis McDonald, musician, Sept. 1, '62; mustered out with company June 21. '65. 


Briggs. Sabinas, Sept. 1, '62; wounded at Opequan, Va., Sept. 19, '64; mustered out 
with company June 21, '65. 

Baker Anthony, Sept. 1, '62; wounded at Wilderness, Va., May 5, and captured 
May 8, '64; discharged by general order, June 19, '65. 

Boyd, Charles, Sept. 1, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate date unknown. 

Boggs, Jo-seph, Sept. 1, '62; wounded at Salem Heights, Va., May 3, '63, and at 
Wilderness, Jlay 6, '64; discharged Dec. 29. '64. 

Brant, Jacob, Sept. 1, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Jan. 26, '63. 

Brown. John A., Sept. 1, '62; deserted Sept. 1, '62. 

Coleman, William, Sept. 1, '62; discharged on writ of habeas corpus, date unknown. 

Craig, James. Sept. 1, '62; killed at Wilderness, Va., May 6, '64. 

Cottam, Horace B., Sept. 1, '62; died at Stafford C. H., Va., Dec. 3, '62. 

Carter, William, Sept. 1, '62; captured at Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, '63; died at 
Andersonville, Ga., May 14, '64, grave 45, 

Coats, Samuel B., Sept. 1, '62; wounded at Wilderness, Va., May 5, and captured 
May8, '64; died at Andersonville, Ga., Oct. 1, 64, grave 10,131. 

Cottam, James L., Sept. 1, '62; deserted Sept. 1, '62. 

Conley, .lames. Sept. 1, '62; drowned — date unknown. 

Downs, William. Sept. 1, 62; wounded at Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, '64; trans- 
ferred to Company A, 18th regiment, veteran reserve corps, Jan. 28, '65; discharged 
by general order June 28, '65. 

Davis, John, Sept. 1, '62; wounded at Wilderness, Va., May 5, '64; transferred to 
veteran reserve corps, Jan. 28, '65; discharged by general order June 29, '63. 

Ford, William, Feb. 29, '64; trans, to Co. I, 93d regiment Pa. Vols. June 21, '65. 


List of Privates — Continued. 

Fraser, William, Sept. 1, '62; deserted Sept. 1, '02. 

Gordon, Smith M., Sept. 1, '62; discharged by general order May 24, '6o. 

Grow, Lewis, March 4, '64; transferred to Company I 93d regiment Pa. Vol., 
June 21, '65. 

Gordon, John, Sept. 1, '62; killed at Salem Heights, \a., May 3, '63. 

Gross, Samuel, Dec. 12, '63; killed at Opequau, Va., Sept. 19, 04. 

Gallaher, Philip, Sept. 1, 'G2; deserted Oct. 10, '62. 

Hill David, Sept. 1, '62; mustered out with compauy June 21, '0.5. 

Holesinger, John E., Sept. 1, '62; mustered out with company June 21, '65. 

Harvey, Samuel, Sept. 1, '62; mustered out with company June 21, '65. 

Harvey. Daniel, Sept 1, '62; mustered out with company June 21, 65. 

Harvey, George H., Sept. 1, '62; wounded at Spottsylvania, C. H,, Va., May 9, 
'64; niu.stered out with company June 21, '65. 

Hays, James, Sept. 1, '62; captured at Spottsylvania, C. H., Va., May 18, '64. 

Hart, Thomas, Sept. 1, '62; captured at Spottsylvania, C. H., Va., May 18, '64. 

Hoch, Frederick, Sept. 1, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate, Dec. 18, '63. 

Hannah, James, Sept. 1, '62; discharged on writ of habeas corpus — date unknown. 

Headling, Jeffry, Aug. 1, '64; wounded at l^edar Creek, Va., Oct. 19, '64; trans- 
ferred to company I, 11th regiment veteran reserve corjjs, date unknown; discharged by 
general order Aug. 10, '65. 

Holesinger, Thos. D., Sept. 1, '62; wounded at Wilderness, Va., May 5, '64; 
transferred to veteran reserve corps, date unknown; di-schargcd by general order, 
July 10, '63. 

Hemphill, James M., Feb. 20, '65; transferred to Compauy I, 93d regiment Pa. 
Vols. June 21, '65. 

Harger, Michael, Dec. 14, '63 ; killed at Spottsylvania C. H., Va., May 12, '64. 

Hill, Alfred, Sept. 1, '62; died at StalTord C. H., Va., Nov. 26, '62. 

Hendrickson, Samuel, Sept 1, '62; deserted Dee. 16, '62. 

Keller, Henry, Aug. 15, '64; died at Alexandria, Va., June 21, '65; grave 3,246. 

Kenly, Michael, Sept. 1, '02; discharged on surgeon's certificate, Jan. 4, '63. 

Kelley, Robert, Sept. 1, '62; deserted Sept. 1, '02. 

Knight, Thomas, Sept. 1, '62; deserted July 16, '63. 

Logan, Thomas W., Sept. 1, '62; mustered out with company June 21, '65. 

Lambert, Charles, Sept. 1, '62; died at Harper's Ferry, Va., March 20, '64. 

Logan, James, Sept. 1, '62; died at Downsville, Md. Oct. 13, '62; buried in National 
cemetery, Antietam, .section 26, lot D, grave 40s. 

;Muntz, Gottlieb, Feb. 24, '64; wounded at Wilderness, Va., May 5, '64; trans, to 
Company I, 93d regiment. Pa. Vols, June 21, '65. 

Merriman. Samuel, Feb. 20, '04; trans, to Company I, 93d reg. P. V., June 21, '65. 

Murphy, Patrick, Sept. 1, '62; killed at Petersburg, Va.. June 18, '64. 

McCloskey, J. R. S., Sept. 1. '62; mu.stered out with company, June 21, '65. 

McPherson, Marsh, Sept. 1, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate, Jan. 14, '63. 

McKee, Thomas F., Feb. 29, '64; trans, to Company I, 93d reg. P. V., June 21, '65. 

McKinzy, Rienza, Sept. 1, '62; deserted Sept. 3, '62. 

Pierce, John C, Sept. 1, '62; wounded at Opequan, Va., Sept. 19, '64; mustered out 
with company June 21, 1865. 

Richards, William, Sept. 1, '62; wounded at Cold lIarl)or. Va., June3, '04; mus- 
tered out with company June 21, '65. 

Rush, Calvin, Sept. 1, '62; killed at Spottsylvania C. H., Va., May 9, '64. 


List of Pjhvates — Contikued. 

Rentz, Joseph, Sept. 1, '63; deserted July 16, '63. 

Schnell, Sam'l, Sept. 1, '63; mustered out with company June 31, '65. 

Smith, William H., Sept. 1, '62; mu-stered oiit with company June 31, '65. 

Schruni, Harrison, Sept. 1, '63; mustered out with company, June 21, '65. 

Schrum, Jackson, Sept. 1, '63; discharged on surgeon's certificate, March 2, '63. 

Schrum, Jackson, Dec. 13, '63; discharged — date unknown — for wounds received 
at Opequan, Va., Sept. 19, '64. 

Severance, Clark, Sept. 1, '63; captured at Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, '63; died at 
Danville, Va., date unknown; burial record — C. Severn, died at Andersonville, Ga., 
May 19, '64, grave 1,216. 

Shettenger, John, Sept. 1, '63; died at White Oak Church, Va., March 33, '63. 

Smith, Frederick, Sept 1, '62; deserted Oct. 16, '62. 

Swank, Joseph, Sept. 1, '62; deserted Sept. 1, '62. 

Trap, John L., Sept. 1, '63; killed at Salem Heights, Va., May 3, '63. 

Tilstan, William, Feb. 39. '64; died at Brandy Station, Va., April 30, '64; buried 
in National Cemetery, Culpeper C. H. block 1, section A, row 3. grave 90. 

Turner, Benj., Sept. 1, '62; deserted Sept. 12. '62. 

Thorn, Levi, Sept. 1, '63; deserted Oct. 16, '63. 

Utley, George, Sept. 1. '62; captured Jlay 8, '64; died at Andersonville, Ga., date 

Wordeu, William S., Feb 29, '64; trans, to Company I, 93d reg. P. V., June 21, '65. 

Worden, Sylvester, Feb. 29, '64; wounded at Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, '64; trans, 
to Company I, 93d regiment, P. V., June 21, '65. 

William, Henry, Sept. 1, '62; deserted Sept. 1, '62. 

Walker, Robert, Sept. 1, '62; deserted Oct. 16, '63. 

Wickerly, Fred'k, Sept. 1, '63; deserted Nov. 17, '63. 

Woods. Villiam, Sept. 1, '63; deserted July 19, '63. 

AVelsh, James, Sept. 1, '63; deserted June 30, '63. 

Young, John, Sept. 1, '63; discharged on surgeon's certificate, Jan. 18, '63. 

Young, William, Sept. 1, '63; deserted Sept. 1, '62. 

Yeager, Frederick, Sept. 1, 62; deserted Sept. 1, '63. 

company f, lioth regiment, p. v., three years' service. 
Officers and Non-Co.mmissioned Officers. 

Richard P. Roberts, captain, Aug. 21, '62; promoted to colonel Sept, 12, '63. 

Thomas Henry, captain, Aug. 31, '62; wounded at Culpeper C. H., Va., May '64; 
promoted from 2d lieutenant Sept. 34, '63; to major. May 1, '65. 

John I). Stokes, 1st lieutenant, Aug. 21, '62; di.scharged Jan. 5, '64 for wounds 
received at Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, '63. 

Andrew M. Purdy, 1st lieutenant, Aug. 21, '62; promoted from sergeant to 3d lieu- 
tenant March 1, '63; to 1st lieutenant March 3, '64; killed at Petersburg, Va. , June 17, '64. 

Alex. H. Calvert, 3d lieutenant Aug. 31, '63; promoted from sergeant Sept. 15, '63; 
resigned Feb. 7, '63. 

Carman M. Nelson, 3d lieutenant, Aug. 21, '63; promoted from corporal to sergeant 
March 1, 1863; to 2d lieutenant Dec. 10, '64; wounded at Spott-sylvania C. H., Va,, JLay 
12, '64; mustered out with companj' Jlay 31, '65. 

Joseph P. Harrah, 1st .sergeant, Aug. 21, '62; promoted from sergeant July 3, '63; ' 
mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

346 histoky of beaver county. 

Ofpiceks and Non-Commissioned Officers — Contintjed. 

W. S. Slialleubergpr, 1st sergeant, Aug. 21, '62; promoted to adjutant Sept. 12, '63. 

John E. Harsha, sergeant, Aug. 21, '62; promoted from sergeant March 1, '63; 
killed at Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, '63. 

Darius Singleton, sergeant, Aug. 21, '63; promoted from corporal Sept. 16, '62; 
commissioned 1st lieutenant Oct. 10, 11^64; not mustered; wounded at Spottsylvania 
C. H., Va., May 12, '64; absent, sicli at muster out. 

Jos. W. Appleton, sergeant, Aug. 21, '63; promoted from corporal; wounded at 
Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, '63; mustered out with company. May 31, '65. 

Joseph R. Dunlap, sergeant, Aug 21, '62; promoted from corporal, wounded and 
captured ; discharged by general order May 20, '65. 

Robert Kiddle, sergeant, Aug. 31, '62; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, '63; 
transferred to V. R. C. March 5, '64. 

Thomas O. Anshutz, sergeant, Aug. 21, '62; promoted to sergeant-major May 15,'65. 

John Henderson, sergeant, Aug. 21, '62; promoted from corporal July 3, '63; killed 
at Po River, Va., May 10, '64. 

Thomas J. Kerr, sergeant, Feb. 29. '64; trans, to 53d regiment P. V. May 30, '65. 
mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Andrew G. White, Aug. 21, '62; promoted to corporal March 1, '63; discharged 
by general order May 31, '65. 

James A. Lockhart, Aug. 21, '62; promoted to corporal Feb. 16, '84; 

A. M. McCaskey. Aug. 21, '62; promoted to corporal Feb. 16, '84; mustered out 
with company May 31, '65. 

Thomas Clark, Aug. 31, '63; promoted to corporal; mustered out with company 
May 31, '65. 

Madison Risinger, Aug. 31, '62 ; promoted to corporal July 1, '64; mu.stered out 
with company May 31, '65. 

Ruel W. Strock, Aug. 31, '63; promoted to corporal; prisoner from July 2 to Sep- 
tember 23, 1863; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Joseph O. Schcley, Aug. 31, '63; promoted to corporal May 16, '65; prisoner from 
July 2 to December 27, '63; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Seth W. Strock, Aug. 31, '62 ; promoted to corporal Sept. 3, '62 ; discharged 
January 4, '64. 

A. B. McKinzie, corporal, Aug. 31, '62; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 
'63: transferred to the V. R. C, Feb. 15, '64. 

John B. Clark, corporal, Aug. 21, '62; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 
•63; transferred to V. R. C. Feb. 15, '64. 

George R. Boden, corporal, Aug. 21, '62 ; wounded; transferred to 7th company, 
2d battalion, V. R. C, Sept. 1, '63; discharged June 29, '65. 

Ira Kirker, corporal, Feb. 2, '64; transferred to V. R. C. Jan. 10, '65. 

Andrew J. Diamond, corporal, Feb. 5, '64 ; wounded at Petersburg, Va., June 1, 
'64; transferred to Company D 53d regiment P. V., date unknown; discharged by gen- 
eral order Aug. 1, '65. 

Frank N. Johnston, Aug. 21, '63; promoted to corporal July 3, '63; killed at 
Spottsylvania C. II., Va., May 13, '64. 

John B. Douds, Aug. 31, '63; promoted to corporal Feb. 10, '64; killed at Spottsyl- 
vania C. H., Va., May 13, '64. 

Thomas M. Anderson, musician, Aug. 31, '62; mustered out with company May 
81, '65. 

Taylor M. Stokes, musician, Aug. 21, '63 ; discharged Dec. 6, '63. 



Anderson, James, Aug. 21, '62 ; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Anderson, John, Aug. 21, '62 ; killed at Spottsylvania C. H., Va., May 13, '64. 

Baker, Jacob A., Aug. 21, '62 ; discharged by general order May 30, '65. 

Bell, George, Aug. 21, '62 ; captured at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2. '63; prisoner from 
Aug. 16, '64, to JIarch 3, '65; discharged by general order June 9, '65. 

Buckley, Benjamin, Aug. 21, '62; mustered out witli company May 31, '65. 

Barnes, Lewis O., Aug. 21, '62 ; discharged on surgeon's certificate March 20, '63. 

Brown, Harvey, Aug. 21, '62 ; discharged on surgeon's certificate, Feb. 11, '63. 

Bonewell, Benjamin A., Aug., 21, '62; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, '63; 
discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 26, '63. 

Bruce, William H., Aug. 21, '62; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, '63; trans- 
ferred to Ind. Bat. C, Pa. Art., Dec. 17, '63. 

Bruce, William, Aug. 21, '62; transferred to Company D, 11th regiment Vet. Res. 
Corps. March 15, '64; discharged by general order July 7, '65. 

Baker, Joseph, Aug. 31, '62; killed at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, '63. 

Bell, John S., Aug. 21, '62; killed at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, '63. 

Brooks, p:iiR., March 27, '65; trans, to Company D, 53d reg. P. V., May 30, '65. 

Coulter, Samuel C, Feb. 29, '64; captured; transferred to Company D, 53d regiment 
P. v., date unknown. 

Cunningham, J. H., Feb. 20, '64; wounded and captured at Cold Harbor, Va., 
June 1, '64; transferred to Company D, .53d regiment, date unknown. 

Cooper, Robert H., Aug. 21, '62; transferred to Ind. Bat. C, Pa. Art. Dec. 17, '63. 

Cooper, Wm. J., Aug. 21, '62; tran.sferred to Ind. Bat. C. Pa. Art. Dec. 17, '63. 

Carsow, James A., Aug 21, '62; killed at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, '63. 

Cook, Frederick C, Aug. 21, '62; killed at Spottsylvania C. H., Va., May 12, '64. 

Cooper, George W., Feb. 27, '64; killed at Spottsylvania C. H.,Va., May 12, '64. 

Crawford, Daniel, Feb. 9, '64; died May 30, of wounds received at Wilderness, 
Va. , May, '64; buried in National cemetery, Arlington. 

Dinsmorc, Samuel M., Aug. 21, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Doak, William, Aug. 31, '62; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, '63; absent, 
sick at muster out. 

Davis, Jonathan I., Aug. 21, '62; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, '63; trans- 
ferred to Vet. Res, Corps. May 1, '64; veteran. 

Douglass, John, Aug. 31, '62; transferred to 95th company 3d liattalion, V. R. C;, 
Dec. 6, '63; discharged Aug. 31, '65, expiration of term. 

Dinsmore, Wm. H., Aug. 31, '63; died at York. Pa., Aug. 18, of wounds received 
at Gettysburg, July 3, '63. 

Ewing, John S., Aug. 31, '63; mustered out with company Maj' 31, ,65. 

Edwards, Henry, Aug. 31, '62; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, '63, discharged 
on certificate of surgeon, October 25. '64. 

Eckles. Arlliur, Felj. 25, '64; transferred to Company D, 53d regiment Pa. Vols. 
May 30, '()5. 

Graham, .loseph, Aug. 31, '63; mustered out with companj-. May 31, '65. 

Grim, Fr.ancisM., Feb. 37, '64; wounded with loss of leg. at Spottsylvania C. H., 
Va., May 13, 1864; discharged on surgeon's certificate March 16, '65. 

Grim, Thomas D., Feb. 27, '64; trans, to Company D, 53d reg. P. V., May 30, '65. 

GlUen, Robert N., Aug. 21, '62; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, '63, and at 
Wilderness, Va. , May, 1864 ; transferred to Company A, 18th regiment Vet. Res. Corps, 
Feb. 11, '65 ; dischaged by general order June 28, '65. 

348 history of beavee county. 

List op Privates — Continued. 

Greeulee, Alvin L., Aug. 21, '63; died Aug. 3 of wounds received at Gettysburg, 
Pa., July 2, '63. 

Hays, James T., Aug. 21, '62; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., and at Spottsylvaiiia 
C. H, Va.; mustered out with company May 31, '6.5. 

Hunter, Abel, Aug. 21, '62; wounded at AVilderness, Va., Jlay '64; absent, sick, at 
muster out. 

Hoak, Philip, Aug. 21, '62; killedat Tolopotomy, Va., May 31, '64. 

Hoyt, George M., Aug. 21, '62; died at Potomac Creek, Va., April 2.5, '63. 

Ilartsough, Amos, ilarch 31, '64; wounded at Wilderness, Va., May, '64, and died 
Washington, I). C, June 2.5, '64 ; buried in National cemetery, Arlington. 

Irwin, Seth W., Aug. 21, '62'; mustered out with company May 31, '0.5. 

Johnston, Samuel L., Aug. 31, '62: wounded at Cold Harbor, Va., June 1, '64 ; 
promoted to lieutenant 29th reg. U. S. C. T., Aug. 18, '64; mustered out Nov. 6, '65. 

Kerr, Hugh M., Aug. 21, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '6.5. 

Kerr, iVdam H., Aug. 21, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Knox, James W., Feb. 37, '64; wounded at Wilderness, Va. , Jlay, 64 ; discharged 
April 7, '65. 

Kripe, William, Aug. 21, '62; captured; drowned May 3, '65. 

Lockhart, James R., Feb. 27, '64; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, '63; dis- 
charged on surgeon's certiticate Dec. 2S, '63. 

May, Martin W., Aug. 21, '62; mustered out with company May 31. '65. 

Moore, Madi.s()n, Aug. 21, '62; wounded at Chancellorsville. Va., May 3, '63 ; mus- 
tered out with company May 31, '65. 

Moore, John E;, Aug. 21, '63; mustered out with company May 31, 65. 

Minesinger, J. W., Aug. 31, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

]\Iiller, Harrison, > Aug. 31, '63; wounded at Gettysburg. Pa., July 3, '63; dis- 
charged by general order June 5, '65. 

Jliller. Vincent, Feb. 8, '64; transferred to 53d regiment P. V., Jlay 30, '65. 

Mason, Michael, Feb. 25, '64; trans, to Company D, 53d reg. P. V., May 30, '65. 

McGullougb, John, Aug. 31, '65; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa.. July 3, '63; prisoner 
from July 3 to Sept. 3, '63; wounded at C!uld Harl)or, Va., June 1, '64; mustered out 
with company May 31, '65. 

McCuUough, Andrew, Aug. 31. '63; wounded at Gettysburg. Pa., -^Ta\y 2, '63; 
mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

McCreery, James L., Aug. 31, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate ]\Iareli 2, '63. 

McClain, William, Aug. 21, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate May 37, '63. 

McCabe, William .1. Aug. 21, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 3, '63. 

McFarland, Joseph, Aug. 21, '63; discharged on surgeon's certificate June 30, '63. 

JIcManamy, John. Aug. 21, '62; killed at Spnttsylvania C. H.. Va., May 12, '64. 

McDaaiels, Smith. .Tan. 38, '64; wounded at Spolt-iylvauia C. H., Va., May 13, '64; 
discharged on snrgeon's certiticate Dec. 6, '64. 

McClaskey, Robert H., Feb. 37, '64; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, '63, and 
at Wilderness, Va. , May, '64; captured; transferred to Company D, 53d regiment Pa. 
Vols., May 30, '65. 

Nevin, George M., Aug. 31. '62; died, July 11, of wounds received at Spottsyl- 
vania C. H., Va.. May 12, '64. 

Neville, Enocli, March 27, '65; transferred to Company I), 53d regiment Pa. Vols., 
date unknown; discharged by general order Aug. 18. '65. 

Pyle, William, Aug. 21, '63; mustered out with company May 31. '65. 



List of Privates — Continued. 

Robinson, Andrew. Aug. 21, '63; mustered out with coniiiany May 31, '65. 

Ryan, George, Aug. 21, '62; wounded al Getty.shurg, Pa., July 2, '63, and at Spott- 
sjivania C. H., Va., May 12. '64; mustered out wilb company May 31, '65. 

Reed. John S , Aug. 21, '62; transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps, Sept 1. '63 

Stephens, Henry, Aug. 21. '62 ; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Stone. Adam, Aug. 21. '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate April 11, '63. 

Sliort, Johu H., Aug. 21, '62; wounded at Spottsylvauia C. H., Va., May 12, 64; 
discharged on surgeon's certificate Nov, 4, '64. 

Shivelay, Christian, Aug; 21. '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate July 15, '64. 

Swearinger, William, Aug. 21, '62; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa. .July 2. '63; pro- 
moted to 1st lieutenant 32d regiment, U. S. C. T., March 3, '64; to captain July 10, 
'65; mustered out Aug. 22, '65. 

Small, Tliomas, Aug. 21. '62; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa . July 2 '63; trans, 
ferred to Company A, ISth reg. Vet. Res. Corps., Feb. 11, '65; discharged liy general 
order June 28, '65. 

Small, John P., Aug. 21. '62; died Aug. 11. of wounds received at Gettysburg, 
Pa., July 2, 'b3. 

Sloan. Edwin K., Aug. 21, '62; killed at Spott,sylvania C. H., Va.. May 12. '64. 

Swearinger. Louis, Aug. 21, '62; killed at Gettysburg, Pa.. July 2, '63. 

Strain, Enoch, Aug. 21. 62; deserted July 11, '63. 

Taylor, Alvin M., Aug. 21, '62; woumied and captured at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 
'63; mustered out with company Ma}' 31, '65. 

Tiiompson, John G., Feb. 9, '64; wounded at Wilderness, Va.. May, '64; transferred 
to Company D, .53d reg. P. V., May 30, '65; discharged' by gcneial order July 6, '65 

Wagner. Lewis J., Aug. 21, '62; wounded at Bristoe Station, Va., Oct. 14, '63, 
and at the Wilderness, May. '64; mustered out witli company May 31, '65. 

Wilson, >Iichael, Aug. 21, '62; wounded at Spottsylvauia C. IL. Va.. Jlay 12, '64; 
mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Weaver. David II., Aug. 21. '62; wounded at Chancellorsville. Va., May 3, '63; 
transferred to Company G, ISih regiment. Vet. Res. Corps. , date unknown; discharged 
by general order June 20, '65. 

Walton, Richard. Aug. 21, '62; wounded at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, '63; 
died at Washington. D. C, June 19, '63. 

White, Ale.xander, Aug. 21. '62; died at Alexandria, Va., June 13. of wounds 
received at Po River, May 10, '64. 

Wbite. .lolin S., Aug. 21, '62; died at Alexandria, Va., June 12, of wounds 
received at Po Rivr, May 10, '64. 

Wilson. James, Aug. 21, '62; died at Phihidtlphia, I'a., July 20, '63. 


Officehs .\Nn Non-Commissioned Officers. 

Marcus, Ormond, captain, Aug. 22, '62; promoted to chaplain Oct. 23, '63. 

Sanuiel Campbell, captain, Aug. 22, '62; promoted from 2d lieutenant ISov. 1, '62; 
wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., Jidy 2, '63; discharged Sept. 18, '64. 

Samuel Kerr, captain, Aug. 22, '62; promoted from 1st sergeant to 2d lieutenant 
Nov. 6, '63; to captain, Dec. 10, '64; brevet-major April 7, '65; died May 3 of wounds 
received at Faimville, Va., April 7, '65. 

Austin. .Miller, 1st lieutenant, Aug. 22, '62; resigned Aug. 12, 63. 

352 history of beaver county. 

Officehs and Non-Commissioned Officers — Continteu. 

Jobu B. Vance, 1st lieutenant, Aug. 22, '62; promoted from sergeant to 2d lieutenant 
Nov. 1, '62; to 1st lieutenant Nov. 6, '63; wounded at Spottsyivania C. H. May 12, '64; 
discharged by special order Sept. 28, '64. 

Addison Lance, 1st lieutenant, Aug. 22, '62; promoted from 1st sergeant Dec. 11, '64; 
vfounded at Spottsyivania C. II., Va., May 12, '64; mustered out with company Mav 
31, -60. 

Walter M. Lawrence, 2d lieutenant, Aug. 22, '62; promoted from sergeant Dec. 11, 
'64; mustered out with company May 31, '6!). 

William Thornburg, 1st sergeant, Aug. 22, '62; promoted from sergeant; mustered 
out with company. May 31, 6.5. 

Arthur Shields, 1st sergeant, Aug. 22, '62; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., .luly 2, '63; 
transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps, Oct. 21, '64. 

Joseph Moody, sergeant, Aug. 22, '62; promoted from corporal Dec. 24, '64; absent 
at muster out. 

U. M. Galbraith, sergeant, Aug. 22, '62; promoted from corporal; muslcred out with 
company May 31, '6.5. 

.lohn C. Kobb, sergeant, Aug. 22, '62; promoted from corporal Feb. 25, '6,5; mustered 
out with company May 31, '65. 

.lohu Mickle, sergeant, Aug. 22, '63; trans, to Veteran Reserve Corp, Nov 15, '64. 
William Ewing, .sergeant, Aug, 22, '62; discharge, date unknown. 
T. N. Thornburg, sergeant, Aug 22, '62; died July 7th of wounds received at Get 
tysburg, Pa., July 2, '63. 

J. M. D. Mitchell, sergeant, Aug. 22, '62; killed at Spottsyivania C. 11., Va., May 
12, '64; buried in Burial Grounds, Wilderness. 

Gibson Hoods, Aug. 22, '62; promoted to corporal Oct. 24, '64; mustered out with 
company May 31, '65. 

John Purdy, Aug. 22, '62; promoted to corporal Oct. 24, '64; mustered out with 
company May 31, '65. 

Joseph Calhoun, Aug. 22, '62: promoted to corporal Dec. 24, '64; mustered out with 
company May 31, '65. 

Charles M. McCoy, Aug. 22, '62; promoted to corporal Dec. 24, '64; mustered 
out with company Jlay 31, '65. 

James Finegan, Aug. 22, '62; jiromoted to corporal Dec. 24, '64; mustered out with 
company May 31, '65. 

Geo. Summerville, Aug. 22, '62; promoted to corporal Feb. 25, '6f ; mustdcd out 
with company Jlay 31, '65. 

John W. Stevens, Aug. 22, '62; promoted to corporal Feb. 25, '65; nuistered 
out with company May 31, '65. 

George Fo.x, corporal, Aug. 22, '62; missing in action at Spottsyivania C. H., Va., 
May 12, '64. 

Thomas J. Miller, corporal, Aug. 22, '62; transferred to 51st company 2d battalion 
Veteran Reserve Corps, Oct. 20, 64; discharged August 21, 65; expiration of teim. 
Alexander Greer, corporal, Aug. 22, '62; killed at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, '63. 
Richard M. Crouse, corporal, Aug. 22, '62; died Dec. 14, '64. 

Jolin S. Byran, musician, Aug 22, '62; promoted to principal musician Nov. 1, '63. 
Timothy Shane, musician, Aug. 22. '02; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 
Richard Shane, musician, Aug. 22, '62; discharged by general order July 1, '65. 
Frank I). Kerr, musician, Aug. 22. '62; promoted to 1st lieutenant, 1st regiment, 
Potomac Home Brigade, Md. Cavalry, Ajiril 14, '64; mustered out June 28, '65. 



Adams, Hugli Q., Aug. 23. '62; discharged by general order June 12, 65. 

Adams, John G., Aug. 22, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Aug 27. '63. 

Babb, James B., Aug. 22. 62; discharged on general order June 22 '65. 

Bryerly, Thomas, Aug. 22, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Brunton, Wm. A., Aug. 22, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate date unknown. 

Beal, James A., Aug. 22, '62; missing in actional Bristoe Station, Va., Oct. 14, '63, 

Byers, Samuel W. E..JIarch 24, '64; wounded at Spottsylvania C. H.,Va., May 12, 
'64; transferred to Company E, 9th regiment veteran reserve corps; discharged l)y general 
order July 12, '65. 

Boyd, James II., starch 24, '64; absent on detached service at muster out. 

Blackmore, John, March 22, '64; killed .at Gettysburg, Pa.. July 2, '63. 

Berlin, .Johnston. Aug. 22, '62; killed at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, '63. 

Barnes, Samuel W., Aug. 22, '62; died August 2 of wounds received at Gettysburg, 
Pa., July 2, '63. 

Chapman, Samuel, Aug. 22, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Cowan, William G., Aug. 23. '6^; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Cameron. Jame.«, Aug. 22, '62; wounded at North Anna River. Va., May 23. "64; 
transferred to Company G, 6th regiment veteran reserve corps, date unknown; dis- 
charged by general order July 14, '65. 

Calhoun, William, Aug. 22, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65 

Carothers, William M., Aug. 23, '62; transferred to 2d battalion veteran reseive 
corps jNIarch 5. '65; discharged by general order June 29, '65. 

Crisvvell, John. Aug. 22, '62; transferred to Company H, 3d regiment veteran reserve 
corps March 31, '64; discharged by general order July 8, '65. 

Crooks, .lames, Aug. 23, '62; transferred to Ind. Battery C, Fenn.'^ylvania artil- 
lery, date unknown. 

Custer, William O., Aug. 23, '63; discharged on surgeon's certificate March 27, '63. 

Cameron, Christ J , Aug. 33, '63; discharged on surgeon's ceitificate June 23, '63. 

Carothers. And. J., Aug. 33, '63; promoted to hospital steward U. S. A. Feb 12, '64. 

Coffey. David B., Feb. 39, '64; discharged April 17. '65. 

Cain, George W., Feb. 39, '64; discharged on surgeon's ceitifieate Jan 18, '(i5. 

Campbell, Stewart, Aug. 32, '63; died May 39; burial record, June 13, '64, of 
wounds received in action; buritd in National ccmetciy, Arlington, Va. 

Coulin, William, Aug. 22, '62; died July 21 of wounds received at Gettysburg, 
Pa., July 2, '63. 

Dornan, James, Aug. 22, '62; discharged by general order May 15, '65. 

Dever, Shaffer, Feb. 33, '64; trans, to Company G, 53d reg. Pa. Vols., May 30, '65. 

Ewing, Alexander, Aug. 32, '63; died May 35, '64, of wounds received in action. 

Ewing, Henry, Aug. 22, '63; died July 21 of wounds received at Gettysburg, Fa. , 
July 2, '63. 

Flanegan, Alex., Aug. 22, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Foster, Thomas J., Feb. 20, '64; discharged on surgeon's certificate Sept. 29, '64. 
Fleegel, Jacob R., Aug. 22, '62; died Sept. 20; burial record Oct. 7, '64, of wounds 
received at Deep Bottom, Va., Aug. 16, '64; burieil at Philadelphia, Pa. 

Funkhouscr, Abin, March 1, '64; killed at Farmville, Va , April 7, '65. 

Green, John M., Aug. 22, 62; mustered out with conqmny May 31 . '65. 

Gibb, John C, Aug. 22, '62; died Aug. 4 of wounds received at Getty.sburg, Pa., 
July 2, '63. 

Hood, James, Aug. 22, '62; absent, sick, at nuister out. 

354 history of beaver county. 

List of Phivates — Contini'kd. 

Hall. John, Aug. 22, '62; mustered out with company Jlay 31, '63. 

Hall, William J3., Aug. 22, '02; transferred to :!7th company 2d battalion veteraD 
reserve corps; discharged by general order June 28, '65. 

Hall, Robert, Feb. 22, '64; discharged by general order. lune 30, '63. 

Hamilton, Frank, Feb. 17. '64; trans, to Company G, 53d reg. Pa. Vols., May 30, '65. 

Hughs, Thomas, Feb. 29, '64; discharged by general order June 5, '65. 

Herron, Wm. W., Aug, 22, '62; killed at Spottsylvania C. H., Va., May 12, '64; 
buried in burial grounds. Wilderness. 

Hutchinson, Kobt., Feb. 25, '64; died at City Point. Va., Aug. 8, '64. 

Inman. Ezekiel, Aug. 22, '62; discharged b)' general order Jlay 27, '65. 

Kennedy, William, Aug. 22, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Kevan, Samuel, March 81. '64; discharged by general order May 30, '65. 

Keifer, David, Aug. 22. 62; killed at f^irmville, Va., April 7, '65. 

Keifer, Henry H., Feb. 22. '64; died July 14, '64, of wounds received in action. 

Laughlin, Robert, Aug. 22, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Lathan, Wilson W., Aug. 22, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Lawrence, Jos. W., Aug. 22, '62; promoted to hospital steward Sept. 27, '62. 

Lockhart, Silas D., Feb. 27, '64; tran.sferred to Company G 53d regiment Pa. Vols., 
May 30, '65. 

Lutton. James M.. Feb. 2U. '64; discharged on surgeon's certificate 3Iay 6, '65. 

Martin, William, Aug. 22, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Melvin, James H., Aug. 22, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Moore, Thomas E., August 22, '62; absent, sick, at muster out. 

Miller, Andrew li., Aug. 22, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Minesinger, D. M., Aug 22, '62; transferred to Independent Battery Company Pa. 
Artillery, July 21, '64. 

Miller, Samuel W., Aug. 22, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate May 23, '68. 

Moore, John H., Aug. 22, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 9, '63. 

Minesinger, Samuel, Feb. 22, '64; transferred to Company G, 53d regiment Pa. 
Vols., May 30, '65. 

Morrison, William, March 31, '64; transferred to Company H, 53d regiment Pa. 
Vols., May 30, '65. 

Mahoney, John, March 24, '64; transfened to Company G, 53d regiment Pa. Vols., 
May 30. '65. 

Miller, James, Aug. 22. '62; died Oct. 26, 64, buried in Cypress Hill cemetery, L. L 

Moore, Thomas, Feb. 23, '62; died at City Point, Va., Jan. 1, '65. 

Metts, William, March 28, '64; killed at Peter.sburg, Va., June 18, '64. 

Miller, Gabriel, Feb. 26, '64; not accounted for. 

McKibban, Ale.x., Aug. 22. '63; absent, sick at muster out. 

McCready, Thos. 8., Aug. 22, '63; discharged on surgeon's certificate JIarch 14, '63. 

McHenry, Wash'u, .Vug. 22. '63; missed in action at Gettysburg, Pa., .July 2, '63. 

■McClure, James M., Mar. 22, '64; transferred to 109tli C'ompany, 2d battalion Vet- 
eran Reserve Corps Jan. 1, '65; discharged by general order Sept. 19, '65. 

McCreary, William, Aug. 22, '62; died May 18. '64, of wounds received in action. 

Phillips, James M., Aug. 22, '62; wounded at Gettysburg. Pa., July 2. '63; absent at 
muster out. 

Parks, William J., Aug. 22, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate June 30, '63. 

Parkinson, Wm., Feb. 27, '64; trans, to Comp'y G, 53d reg. Pa. Vols. May 30, '65. 

Ramsey, Wm. A., Aug. 22, '62; transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps July 1, '63. 

beaver county. 355 

List op Privates — Continued. 

Robb, John A., August 22, '62: dischargeil on surgeon's certificate: date unlinown. 

Sliingles, Geo. >[., Aug. 22, '62; woiuided in action Jlay, '64, absent at muster out. 

Swearinger, Sam'l, Aug. 22, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Swearinger. Jos., Aug. 22, '62; absent on detached service at muster out. 

Smart, James P., Aug. 22, '62; wounded at Spottsylvania C. H., Ya., May 12, '64; 
trans, to Veteran Reserve Corps, date unlinown, discharged by general order July 3, '65. 

Scott, David G., Aug. 22, '62; vi'ounded at Hatcher's Run, Va., Dec. 9, '64; discharged 
by general order Aug. 14, '65. 

Shannon, Alex. W.. Aug. 22, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 23, '63. 

Smith, Samuel, Mar. 31, '64; discliarged by special order Oct. 12, 64. 

Standish, Garret, Feb. 22, '64; trans, to Company G. 53d reg. Pa. Vols. May 30, '65. 

Summerville, John, Feb. 22, '64; trans, to Comp'y G, 53d reg. Pa. Vols. May 30, '65. 

Standish, Alfred W., Feb. 8, '65; discharged by general order July 17, '65. 

Savage, Robert G., Aug. 22. '62; killed at Spottsylvania C. H., Va., IMay 12, '64. 

Strouss, James M., Aug. 22, (12; died Jan. 24. '65 of vrounds received at Hatcher's 
Run, Va., Dec. 9, '64. 

Swaney, Heze'li \V., Aug. 22, ■02;liillcd at Spottsylvania C. H., Va., May 12, '64. 

Torrence, Samuel, Feb. 22, '64; wovmded in action with loss of arm; discharged on 
.surgeon's certificate Jan. 12, '65. 

Taggart. James A., Aug. 22, '62; killed at Gettysburg, Pa. July 2. '63. 

Thornburg, Thos. F., Oct. 20. '63; died Dec. 10 of wounds received in action. 

Uncaper, Wm. H., Aug. 22, '62; died at Baltimore, Jld.. Aug. 12, '63; buried in 
National cemetery. Louden Park. 

Whims, Jasper, Aug. 22. '62; discharged — date unknown. 

Whims, Newton, Aug. 22, '62; promoted to 2d lieutenant 23d reg. U. S. C. T. Oct. 
24, '64. 

Whims, Jo.shua, Aug. 22, '62; wounded at Hatcher's Run. Va., Dec. 9, 64, dis 
charged on surgeon's certificate May 20, '65. 

Woodrough, Frank, Feb. 22, '64; trans, to Comp'y H, 53d reg. P. V., RIay30, '65. 

Wherry, William, Mar. 24, '64; discharged by general order June 2, 65. 

Whitchill, David R., Aug. 22, '62; killed at Hatcher's Run, Va., Dec. 9, '64. 

Yolt(m, William. Aug. 22, '62; discharged by surgeon's certificate — date unknown. 

Yolton, John, Mar. 29, '64; discharged by general order May 15, '65. 


Officeus ani) Non-Co.mmissioned Officers. 

James Darragh, captain. Aug. 25, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate March 
28, '63. 

Wm. McCalli.ster, captain, Aug. 25, '62; promoted from lieutenant Aiiril 11, '63; 
wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, '63; mustered out with company Jlay 31, '65. 

Thos. C. Nicholson, 1st lieutenant, Aug. 25, '62; promoted from sergeant to 2d 
lieutenant Dec. 19, '62; to 1st lieutenant April 11, '63; discharged on surgeon's cer- 
tificate Dec. 13, '63. 

Louis R. Darragh, 1st lieutenant, Aug. 25, '62; promoted from 1st sergeant to 2d 
lieutenant April 20, '63; to 1st lieutenant Jan. 2. '64; wounded at Petersburg, Va., 
June 17, '64; absent on detached .service at muster out. 

6. A. Shallenberger, 2d lieutenant. Aug. 25, '62; promoted to captain and A. Q. 
M. U. S. Vols., Nov. 26, 62; mustered out Nov. S, '65. 



Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers — Continued. 

.James H. Springer, 1st sergeant, Aug. 25, '62; promoted from sergeant April 19, 
'65; captured at Gettysburg, Pa., ,Iuly 1, '63; wounded at Petersburg .June, '64, and 
at Farmville, Va., April 7, '65; discharged by general order .June 5, '65. 

David W. .Scott, 1st sergeant, Aug. 25, '62; promoted from sergeant April 20, '63; 
wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., .July 2, '63; dischargeci on surgeon's certificate Feb. 20, '65. 

Wm. A. McMillen, 1st sergeant, Aug. 25, '02; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., 
July 2, '63; promoted from corporal to sergeant Sept. 18, '63; to 1st sergeant .July 1, 
'64; to 2d lieutenant Co. E, April 18, '65. 

Wm. C. Smith, 1st sergeant, Aug. 25, '62; promoted from sergeant March 11, '64; 
killed at Spottsylvania C. H., Va., May 12, '64. 

liobert Dickey, sergeant, Aug. 25, '62; promoted to corporal Sept. 18, "62; to ser- 
geant Sept. 1, '64; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

.John E. Harton, sergeant. Aug. 25, '62; promoted from corporal Sept. 1, '64 
mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Robert AV. Ander.son, sergeant, Aug. 25, '62; promoted to corporal April 20, '63, 
to sergeant .Jan. 1, '65; absent on detached service at muster out. 

Benj. F. Welsh, sergeant, Aug. 25, '62; promoted from corporal April 21, 63; 
transferred to Co. B, IHth reg. Veteran Reserve Cor|is Sept. 19tli, '64; discharged by 
general order July 13, '65. 

.John D. Irons, sergeant, Aug. 25, '62; promoted to corporal July 1, '64; to ser- 
geant April 19, '65; mustered out with company May 31, '05. 

James H. Dowds, corporal, i^-Ug. 25, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

William Ussleton, Aug. 25. '02; promoted to corporal .Jan. 1, '65, mustered out 
with company May 31, '65. 

.Jacob Seafler, Aug. 25, '62; promoted to corporal Jan. 1, '65, mustered out with 
company May 31, '65. 

Samuel Reed. Aug. 25, '62; promoted to corporal Jan. 1, '65, mustered out with 
company IMay 31, '65. 

Christian Jlolter, Aug. 25, '02; promoted to corporal April 19, '65; discharged by 
general order June 3, '65. 

Joseph T. Johnston, Aug. 25, '62; promoted to corporal April 19, '65; mustered 
out with company :May 31, '65. 

J. Dickson Craig, Aug. 25, '62; promoted to corporal April 19, '05: mustered out 
with company May 31, '65. 

liobert Ramsay, corporal, Aug. 25, '02 ; discharged on surgeon's certificate 
March 3, '03. 

Thomas B. Hunter, corporal, Aug. 25, '62; wounded at Petersburg. Va., June, '64; 
discharged on surgeon's certificate Dec. 20, '64. 

D. E. McCallister, Aug. 25, '62; promoted to corporal July 1, '63; trans, to Co. A, 
18th regiment Vet. Res. Corps Dec. 20, '64; discharged by general order June 28, '65. 

A. W. McClintock, corporal, Feb. 19, '64; wounded at Farmville, Va., April 7, '65; 
discharged by general order June 19, '65. 

William M. Agnew, corporal, Aug. 25, '62; captured at Gettysburg, Pa., July, 
'63; died at Richmond, Va. , Sept. 13, '63; buried in National Cemetery, section C, 
division 1, grave 192; burial record Sept. 15, '63, at Salisbury, N. C. 

Samuel Erwin, Aug. 25, '62; promoted to corporal Dec. 10, '63; killed at Spottsyl- 
vania C. H., Va., May 12, "64. 

Wash. D. Tallon, musician, Aug. 25, 02; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

beavee gountv. 357 

Officers akd Non-Commissioned Officers — Continued. 

Henry 0. Johnson, Aug. 25, '62; promoted to musician May '63; mustered out 
with company Jlay 31, '05. 

Henry R. Moore, musician, Aug. 25, '63; discharged on surgeon's certiticate March 
13, '63. 


Baker, Robert, Aug. 25, '62; captured at Bristoe Station, Va., Oct. U. '63; absent 
at muster out, 

Baldwin, .John, Aug. 25, '63; captured at Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, '63; mustered 
out with company May 31, '65. 

Border, John, Aug. 25, '63; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Brooks, George M., Aug. 25, '62; discharged by general order June 31, '65. 

Brown, Daniel, Aug. 35, '63; discharged on surgeon's certificate Sept. 24, '63. 

Bruce, John T., Aug. 25, '63; transferred to Company E, 19th regiment V. R. C, 
Oct. 29, '63; discharged by general order July 13, '65. 

Bailey. George S., Aug. 25, 't)2; died April 13, '64. 

Black, John, Aug. 25, '62; died at Philadelphia, Pa., July 34, of wounds received 
at Gettysburg, Pa. , July 2, '63. 

Bamford, Joseph. Aug. 25, '62; died at New York Aug. 27, '64; burial recorded 
Oct. 27, '64; buried in Cypress Hill Cemetery, Long Island. 

Brown, Samuel, Aug. 35, '63; died at Falmouth, Va., May 18, '63. 

Brennard, David D., Aug. 35, '62; deserted July 18, '63. 

Coleman, John B., Aug. 25, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Cain, John A., Aug. 35, '63; mastered out with company May 31, '65. 

Champion, Jos. H., Aug. 25, '63; transferred to Company G, 6th regiment V. R. 
C, Aug. 10, '64; discharged by general order July 14, '65. 

Chambers, M. V. B., Aug. 35, '62; tran.sferred to Company C, 22d regiment V. R. 
C, May 15, '05; discharged by general order July 3, '65. 

Camp, John, Jan. 18, '64; died at Washington, D. C, July 3, of wounds received 
at Cold Harbor, Va., June 1, '64. 

Dailey, George, Aug. 35, '62; deserted Dec. 17, '63. 

Dailey, Kelsey, Aug. 35, '62; deserted Dec. 17, '63. 

Ewing, "Wm. H. H., Aug. 25, '62; wounded at Getty.sburg, Pa., July 3, '63; dis- 
charged on surgeon's certificate Dec, 26, '.63. 

Eaton, George, Feb. 3, '64; wounded at Spottsylvania C. H., Va., :May 12, '64; trans- 
ferred to Company H, 53d regiment, May 30, '63. 

Fisher, Jacob, Aug. 25, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Frazier, William, Aug. 26, '62; wounded at Sailor Creek, Va., April 6, '65; absent 
at muster out. 

Faucett, James B., Aug. 25, '62; mustered out with company May 31, 

Furguson, Israel, Aug. 25, '63; killed at Spott.sylvania C. H , Va., 
buried in Burial Grounds, Wilderness. 

Gillin, John S., Aug. 25, '62; wounded at Spottsyvlvania C. H., Va.^ 
absent at muster out. 

Gilmore, Alexander, Aug. 25, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Gilmore, Joseph, Aug. 25, '62; transferred to Company C, 6th regiment V. R. C; 
date unknown; dischared by general order July 7, '65. 

Gibson, William P., Aug. 25, '62; died at East Liverpool, Ohio, Oct. 18, '63. 

Garland, Samuel, Aug. 25, '63; deserted July 7, '63. 








•358 history of beavek county. 

List of Privates — Continued, 

Hammond, James, Aug. 25, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate March 27, '63 

Hammond, Samuel, Aug. 25, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 19, '63. 

Hays, John R., Aug. 25, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Harvey, Daniel, March 31, '64; vfouuded at Spottsylvania C. H., Va., May 12, '64; 
■discharged b}' general order May 13, '65. 

Hamilton, Levi, March 28, '64; transferred to Company IL 53d regiment P. V., 
May 30, '65. 

Hamilton, George, Aug. 25, '62; wounded at Sjiott-sylvania C. H., Va., Jlay 12, '64; 
transferred to V. R. C. Dec. 20, '64. 

Hedding, Joseph, Jan. 30, '64; died at Washington, D. C, Aug. 24, of wounds 
received at Deep Bottom, Va., Aug. 16, '64; buried in National Cemetery, Arlington. 

Johnson, James, Aug. 25, '62; discharged by general order June 28, '65. 

Johnson, Wm. J., Aug. 25, 'b2; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb. 28, '63. 

Johnson, William, Aug. 25, '62; transferred to V. R. 0. Nov. 14, '64. 

Johnson, Marshall T., Aug. 25, '62; captured at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, '63; died 
at Annapolis, Md.. Aug. 26, '63; buried in United States General Hospital Cemetery. 

Jones, James L., Aug. 25, '62; killed at Tolopotomy, Va., May 31, '64. 

Kerr, LeonardC, Aug. 25, '62; wounded at Petersburg. Va.. June, '64; mustered 
out with company May 31, '65. 

Mitchell, John, Aug. 25, '62; mustered out with company ]\Iay 31, '65. 

Maginus, Luther, Aug. 25, '62; promoted to hospital steward United States Army 
Sept. 17, '64. 

Moltcr, Henry, Aug. 25, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate May 16, '63. 

Minor, Isaac, Aug. 25, '62; transferred to V. R. C. Sept. 2, '64. 

Miller, James, Aug. 25, '62; transferred to Ind. Battery C, Pa. Art., Dec. 17, '63. 

Main, Enoch M., Aug. 25, '62; died July 3, '63. 

Miller, Louis, March 2, '64; died at Brandy Station, Va., April 5, '64; buritd in 
National Cemetery, Culpeper C. H., block 1, section A, row 4, grave 112. 

Marks, George, Aug. 25, '62; captured at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, '63; died at 
Richmond, Va. Sept. 10, '63., 

Marshall, Andrew, April 5, '64; deserted — date unknown. 

McCoy, Thomas, Aug. 25, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Jan. 13, '64. 

McCoy, Milo, Aug. 25, '62; killed at Todds' Tavern, Va., May 8, '64. 

McMahon, Edward, Aug. 25, '62; killed at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, '63; buried in 
National Cemetery, section D, grave 83. 

Neville, Lemuel, Aug. 25, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate Aug. 31, '64. 

Orr, James \V., Aug. 25, '62; died of wounds received at Po River, Va., May 10,64. 

Phillips, Theo. C, Aug. 25, '62; captured at Cliancellorsville, Va., May 1, '63; 
wounded and captured at Todds' Tavern. May 8, '64; died at Lynchburg, July 15, '64; 
.buried in Poplar Grove Nat'l Cemetery, Petersburg, division E, section E, grave 155. 

Prilible. William A., Aug. 25, '62; transferred to V. R. G. March 2,'64. 

Rabb, Henry S., Aug. 25, '62; discharged by general order June 5, '65. 

Rambo, Thomas, Aug. 25, 't)2; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Rodenbaugh, Jos., Aug. 25, '62; transferred to Ind. Battery C, Pa. Art. ; Dec. 17, '63. 

Rhodes, Levi, Aug. 25, '62; killed at Deep Bottom, Va., Aug. 14, '64. 

Seely, Ottis, Aug. 25, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Shafer, Daniel, Aug. 25, '62; mustered out with companj' May 31, '65. 

Soutliwick, John F., Aug. 25, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '05. 

Stone, Stephen, Aug. 25, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate March 27, '63. 

PM07Q BY AUff^lCHT'^ 

a //-^ 


List op Privates — Continued. 

Shevlin, Peter, Aug. 25, '62; transferred to Ind. Battery C, Pa. Art., Feb. 15, '64. 

Sliawness, Thomas, Aug. 25, '62;' captured at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, '63; died at 
nichniond.Va., Dec. 9, '63. 

Sbafer, James W., Aug. 35, '62; died at Potomac Creek, Va., June 6, '63. 

Todd. John, Aug. 35, '62; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Todd, William L., Aug. 25, '63; discharged on surgeon's certiticate March 37, '63. 

Welch, William D., Aug. 25, '63; mustered out with company May 31, '65. 

Watson, Eli, Aug. 25, '63; captured -at Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, '63;' died — date 

Wise. James, Aug. 35, '63; wounded at Wilderness, Va., May 5, '64; absent at 
muster out. 

Wise, Patrick, Aug. 35, '62; captured at Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, '63. 

Wise, Leroy A., Aug. 35, '62; mustered out with company May 31. '65. 

Watterson. Andrew, Aug. 25. '62; wounded at Peep Bottom, Ya., Aug. 16, '64; 
discharged on surgeon's certificate May 19, '65. 

Watterson, James, Jan. 18, '64; wounded at Petersburg, Ya., June 19. '64; trans- 
ferred to 53d regiment P. V., May 30, '65. 

Walton, Howell. Aug. 25, '62; died at Falmouth, Ya., Feb. 14, '63. 

Zimmerman, J. W., Aug. 25, '63; transferred to V. R. C, — ^date unknown. 


Officers and Non-Commisioned Officers. 

Daniel M. Donehoo, captain. Sept 18, '63; discharged by special order Dec. 11, '63. 

James Q. Anderson, captain, Sept. 6, '63; promoted from 1st lieutenant Dec. 11, 
'62; to major, June 13, '63. 

Pius A. English, captain, Sept. 6, '63; promoted from 1st sergeant to 3d lieuten- 
ant Dec. 11, '62; to captain, March 33, '62; wounded at Five Porks, Ya., April 1, '65; 
mustered out with Company G, 2d regiment Pro. Cavalry, Aug. 7, '65. 

John Sweeney, 1st lieutenant, Sept. 20. '62; discharged by special order Aug. 15, '63. 

James Potter. 1st lieutenant, Sept. 0, '63; promoted from sergeant March 22, '64; 
killed at Shepherdstown, W. Ya., Aug. 25, '64. 

Brice S. Ramsey, 1st lieutenant, Sept. 6, '63; promoted from sergeant to 2d lieu- 
tenant Dec. 18, '64; to 1st lieutenant !March 10, '65; discharged by general order June 
30, '65. 

David G. Brvice. 2d lieutenant. Sept. 6. '62; promoted to 3d lieutenant March 10, 
'65; mustered out with Company F, 3d regiment Pro. Cavalry Aug. 7. '65. 

John JlcCaskey, 1st sergeant, Sept. 6, '63; promoted to corporal Nov. 1. '63; to 
commissary .sergeant May 1, '64; to quartermaster sergeant Jan. 1, '65; to 1st sergeant 
March 10, '65; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Thomas W. Brooks, quartermaster sergeant, Sept. 6, '63; promoted from corporal 
to sergeant Jan. 1, '63; to quartermaster .sergeant March 10. '65; mustered out with 
company June 16, '65. 

David Dunn, quartermaster sergeant. Sept. G, '63; promoted from corporal Nov. 1, '63, 
to sergeant Nov. 1, 64; to commissary sergeant Jan. 1, '65; to quarterma.ster sergeant — 
date unknown ; died on board United States transport, March 18, '65. 

John D. Joues, commissary sergeant, Sept. 6, '63; promoted to corporal Nov., '63; 
to sergeant .Jan. 1, '65; to commissary sergeant March 18, '65; mustered out with com- 
pany June 16, '65. 

362 histoky of beaver county. 

Officers and Non Commissioned Officers — Continued. 

Jolin P. Ross, commissary sergeant, Sept. 6. '62; promoted to regimental commis- 
sary sergeant Nov. 1, '62. 

Daniel Swearingen. sergeant, Sept. (i, '62; promoted from corporal Nov.], '68; 
mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

.Joseph E. McCabe, sergeant, Sept. 6, '62; promoted from corporal Nov. 1, '63; 
mustered out with compan}' .June 16, '6!i. 

Samuel Cristler, sergeant, Sept. 6, '62; promoted from private. March 1, '65; mus- 
tered out with company .June 16, '65. 

Reed Wallace, sergeant, Sept. 6, '62; promoted to corporal .Jan. 1, '65; to sergeant 
March 1, '65; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Thomas S. Javens, sergeant, Sept. 6, '63; discharged Dec. 18, '62. 

Am'h Ilendrickson, sergeant, Sept. 6, '62; discharged Dec. 10, '63. 

Israel Watterhouse, sergeant, .Jan. 25, '64; promoted to corporal Jan. 1, '65; to 
sergeant March 1, '65; mustered out with Company G,2dreg. Pro. Cavalry Aug. 7, '65. 

Frank M. Donehoo, sergeant, Sept. 6, '62; died at Washington, D. C, Jan. 25, '63; 
buried in Military Asylum Cemetery. 

John A. Wilson, Sept. 18, '62; promoted to corporal Nov. 1, '6-t, mustered out 
with company .June 16, '65. 

John Potts, Sept. 6, '62; promoted to corporal Nov. 1, '64; mustered out with com- 
pany June 16, '65. 

Michael Caler. Sept. 6, '62; promoted to corporal Jan. 1, '65; mustered out with 
company .June 16, '65. 

M. JlcZimmerman, Sept. 3, '64; promoted to corporal JIarch 1, '65; mustered out 
with company June 16, '65. 

David M. liruce, Sept. 6, '62; promoted to corporal March 1, '65; mustered out 
with company June 16, '65. 

John Mowry, Sept. 6, '62; promoted to corporal JIarch 1, '65; mustered out with 
company June 16, '65. 

Abram A. Hartford, Feb. 26, '64; promoted to corporal May 1, '64; wounded 
at Shepherdstown, W. Va., Aug. 25, '64; absent in hcspital at nuister out. 

Jas. M. Lourimore, Oct. 10, '64; promoted to corporal March 1, '65; nmstered out 
with Company G, 2d regiment Pro. Cavalry Aug. 7, '65. 

Milo Cane, corporal, Sept. 6, '62; killed on picket Feb. 0, '63. 

David IJall, corporal, Sept. 6, '62; deserted JIarch 18. '63. 

John JlcCluskey, bugler, Sept. 6, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

William J. Staub, Sept. 6, '62; promoted to bugler March 1, '65; mustered out 
with comjiauy June 16, '65. 

Alex. A, Campbell, blacksmith, Sept. 6, '62; mustered out with company June 
16, '65. 

Lycur. Richardson, Sept. 6, '62; promoted to blacksmith Jan. 2. '63; mustered 
out with company June 16, '65. 

Samuel Robertston, blacksmith, Sept. 6, '64; discharged on surgeon's certificate Jan. 
1, '63. 

Freeman D. Barnes, .saddler, Sept. 6, '63; discharged by general order May 31, '65. 


Anderson, Findley. Sept. 18, '62; mustered out with company June 16. '65. 

Anderson, William, Sept. 6, '63; discharged March 15, '63. 

Bruce, George W.,Sept. 6, '62; mustered out with company Jime 16, '65. 

beaveu county. 3(>s 

List of Privates — Continued. 

Boylaud, Michael. Sept. 3, '64; mustered out with company June 10, '65. 

Beck, William IL, Sept. fi, '64; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Braden, Thomas A., Sept. 6, '62; discharged by general order June 12, '65. 

Brooks, John M., Sept. 6, '62; absent; wounded at muster out. 

Baker, Benjamin, Sept. 6, '63; trsnsfcned to Company C. 6th regiment V. R. C. 
July 20, '64; discharged by general order July 5, '65. 

Bradley, Ojcar A., March 10, '64; absent; wounded at muster out. 

Boyd, Edmundson, Jan. 29, '64; mustered out with C^ompany (i. 2d regiment P. C. 
Aug. 7. '65. 

Blanchard. H. W., Oct. 27, '64; not on muster out roll. 

Craig, George, Aug. 31, '64; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Calhoon, John, Sept. 6, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Campbell, James, Sept, 6. '62; mustered out with company June 16. '65. 

Christy, Thomas S.. Sept. 6, '62: mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Cooper, William C, Sept. 18, '62; mustered out with company June 16, 'G5. 

Collins, Elwood A., Sept. 6, '62; discharged on surgeon s certitieate Dec. 29, '62. 

Corbus, Daniel U. , Oct. 7, '64; mustered out with Company G, 2d regiment P. V., 
Aug. 7, '65. 

Crooks, Nath'l K., Sept. 6. '62; captured; died at Salisbury, N. C , Jan. 8, '65. 

Duck, George W., Sept. 6, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Duck, John H., Sept. 6, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '05. 

Dolby, John, Sept. 18, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Dutrow, Lewis, Aug. 24, '64; mustered out with company, June 16, '65. 

Donehoo, Henry M., Sept. 6, '62; promoted to conimi.ssary sub. Nov. 19, '02; pro- 
moted to captain Company H, Dec. 29, '62; woiuidcd at Five Forks. Va.. April 1, '05; 
in hospital at muster out. 

English, John A , Sept. 6, '62; promoted to reg. commi.ssary sergeant. May 20, '63. 

Evving, George, Sept. 6, '02; died at Gettysburg, Pa., July 6, '63. 

Erwine, Curtis, Sept. 18, '62; deserted Nov. 10, 02. 

Fritz, Frederick, Sept. 3, '64; mustered out with compary June 16, 65. 

Frank, Joseph C, Sept. 6, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Fish, William W., Dec 29. '64; mustered out with Company G. 2d regiment P. C, 
Aug. 7, '65. 

Grove. Jo.seph, Sept. 6, '62; mustered out wth company June 16, '65. 

Gilbert, George, Jan. 29, '64; al)sent at muster out 

Glendeniiig, John, Fel). 25, '64; mustered out with Company G, 2d regiment P. C, 
Aug. 7. '65. 

Gamble, Harvey, Sept. 6, '62; died at Washington, D. C. July 10, '64. 

Hamilton, David, Sept. 6, '62; discharged on surgeon's certitieate March 24, '63. 

Hornor, James, Sept. 29, '62; discharged on surgeon's certitieate Jan. 31, '65. 

Hazell, William, Sept. 6, '62; discharged Fel)ruary 6, '63. 

Ilann, George W., March 25, '04; mustered out with Company G, 2d regiment P. 
C. Aug. 7. '65. 

Hartford, John A., Feb. 20, '('4; nuistered out with Company D.2d regiment P. C, 
Aug. 7, '65. 

Heister, Wm. C, Aug. 23, '64; not on muster-out roll. 
Kriner, Michael, Sept. 6, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 
Knowles, James S., Sept. 18, '62; discharged by general order June, 7, '65. 
Kenard, Joseph, Sept. 6, '02; deserted Oct. 10, '62. 


List of Prr^ates — Continued. 

Lutton, Samuel, Sept. 18, '62; mustered out with company June 16, 'fi.'j. 

Link, Daniel J., Sept. 6, '62; discharged by general order June 20, '65. 

Langfitt, James C, Sept. 6, '62; discharged Jan. 19, '63. 

Lindsey, David G., Sept. 23, '63; drafted; mustered out with Company G, 2d regi- 
ment Provisional Cavalry, Aug. 7, '6.5. 

Livers, Francis D., Sept. 3, '64; died at Wincliester, Va., Dec. 24, '64. 

Morris, John K., Sept. 6, '62; mustered out with company June 16, 65. 

Miller, Godfre}', Sept. 6, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

MofHtt, John G., Sept. 18, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Miller, James. Sept. 18, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Mehaffy, Stewart, Aug. 6, '64; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Marratta, James, Sept. 6, '62; discharged by general order June 6, '65. 

Marlier, Sampson, Sept. 6, '62; di.scharged on surgeon's certificate Marcli 24, '03. 

Minor, Stephen, Sept. 6, '62; discharged Jan. 25, '64. 

Morgan, Calvin, Sept. 6, '62; dischargedby general order. Ma}' 31, '65. 

Miller, Leonard, Sept. 0, '62; killed on picket Feb. 6, '63. 

Martin, John .\., Sept. IS, '62; killed at White House Landing, Va., June 21, '64; 
buried in National Cemetery, Yorktown, section A, grave 39. 

Miller, Michael, Aug. 8, '64; killed at Fisher's Hill, Va. Oct. 1,'64. 

Marquart, Jacob F., Jan. 26, '64; died June 26, of wounds received near White 
House Landing, Va., June 21, '64; buried in National Cemetery, Arlington. 

Mercer, David, Feb 26, '64; died Aug. 13, of wounds received at Newtown, Va., 
Aug. 11, '64; buried in National Cemetery, Winchester, Va., lot 10. 

Matthews, Frank, Oct. 27, '64; not on muster-out roll. 

McBrier, William, Sept. 6, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

McCoy, Hezekiah, Sept. 18, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

McCoy, John, Sept. 18, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

McGonigal, James, Sept. 3, '64; mustered out with company' June 16, '65. 

McDowell, William H., Sept. 1, '64; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

McMahon, Joshua C, Sept. 6, '62; discharged by general order June 22, '65. 

McCullough, John, Sept. 6, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

McCoy, Thomas, Sept. 18, '62; di.scharged Feb. 17, '65. 

McElhaney, Wm., Sept. 6, '62; discharged by general order May 15, '65. 

McGrath, Wm., Sept. 28, '64; not on muster-out roll. 

Nevin, Harper, Sept. 6, '62; nni.stered out with compan}' June 16, '65. 

Noss, William J., Sept. 6, '62; discharged Sept. 8, '63. 

Niblo, David H., Sept. 6, '62; died Aug. 12 of wounds received at Newtown, Va., 
Aug. 11, 1864; buried in National Cemeterj', AVinchester, Va., lot 18. 

Phillips, Potts, Sept. 3, '6i; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Parker, James G., Sept. 1, '64; mustered out with conipanj- June 16, '65. 

Parkinson, John T., Sept. 18, '62; mustered out with company .lime 16, '65. 

Purvis, Ale.x. A., Sept. 6, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate July 26, '64. 

Pauley, George W., Oct. 27, '64; mustered out with Company G, 2d regiment 
Pro. Cavalry Aug. 7, '65. 

Potts, Joseph, Sept. 6, '62; died June 9 of wounds received at Cold Harbor May 
31, '64; buried in National Cemetery, Arlington. Va. 

Peterson, Edward, Oct. 27, '64; not on muster-out roll. 

Russel, Boston S., Sept. 6, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Risinger, Rich'd. W., Sept. 6, '02; discharged on surgeon's certificate Jan. 24, 'fi4. 


List of Privates — Continued. 

Heed, William H., Sept. 6, '62; transferred to V. R. C, Sept. 30, '63. 

Ramsey, Milton G., Feb. 35, '64; captured; died at Salisbury, N. C, Jan. 34, '65. 

Roemer, Nicholas, March 39, '64; captured; died at Salisbury, N. C, Dec. 29, '64. 

Smith. George B. , Sept. 6, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Streit, John, Sept. 18, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Streit, Benjamin, Sept. 18, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Secrist, Abham, Sept. 3, '64; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Simpson, William, Aug. 30, '64; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Staub, Charles, Aug. 8, '64; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Stone, Philip, Aug. 6, '63; discharged by general order June 31, '65. 

Slick, Milton J., Aug. 1, '64; discharged by general order June 8, '65. 

Sands, William, Sept. 6, '63; discharged Feb. 2. '63. 

Stoops, James W., Feb. 37, '64; wounded at Hanover C. H., Va., May 28, '64; 
absent in hospital at muster out. 

Smith, Johu H.. Feb. 37, '64; mustered out with Company G, 3d regiment P. C. 
Aug. 7, '65. 

Stone, David, Sept. 6, '63; captured; died; date unknown. 

Seariglit, Thomas, Feb. 18, '63; died at Acquia Creek, Va., Jan. 10, '63. 

Searight, Harvey, Sept. 6, '63; died at Acquia Creek, Va., Feb. 28, '63. 

Stanton, Michael. Nov. 11. '64; not on muster-out roll. 

Thorn, Jolin, Sept. 18. '63; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Thomas. Henry, Sept. 3. '64; mustered out with company June 16, '05. 

Tuttle. J. Hill, Sept. 6, '63; mustered out with companj" June 16, '65. 

Todd, Thomas, Sept. 6, 'H-i: discharged Nov. 38, '63. 

Wolf. Daniel, Aug. 24, '64; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

White, Arthur W., Sept. 6, '62; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Withrow, Robert, Sept. 18, '63; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Wolf, Jacob, Aug. 10, '64; mustered out with company June 16, '65. 

Wolf, Frederick J., Aug. 10, '64; mustered out with compan}' June 16, '65. 

Wet.sel, Samued J., Aug. 24, '64; mustered out witli company June 16, '65. 

Wilkin.son. Jolin M., Sept. 18, '63; absent in hospital at muster out. 

Whitehill. Wm. W.. Feb. 37, '64; mustered out with Company G, 3d regiment P. 
C, Aug. 7, •65. 

White, Joseph, Sept. 6, '63; captured; died at Richmond. Va , June 33, '64. 

Whitehill, John, Feb. 27, '64; not on muster-out roll. 

Ward. Alexander. Oct. 29, '64; not on muster-out roll. 


Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers. 

Charles W. May, captain, Dec. 30, '61; resigned Jan. 17, '63. 

Wm. F. Dawson, captain Dec. 30, '61; promoted from 2d to 1st lieutenant July 
31, '63; to captain Jan 20, '63; resigned Mar. 1. '63. 

Thomas B. Dawson, captain, Nov. 9. '61; promoted to 1st sergeant Sept. 1, '63; to 
1st lieutenant Jan. 20, '63; to captain Mar. 1, 63; prisoner from Apr. 20 to Dec. '64; 
discharged .Ian. 7, '65, e.vpiration of term. 

James S. Kutan, 1st lieutenant, Nov. 9, '61; discharged July 18, '62. 

David M. Ramsej', 1st lieutenant, Nov. 9, '61; promoted from corporal to sergeant 


Officers and Non-Commissioned Officehs — Coktinukd. 

July 15, '62; to 2d lieiiteuant Jan. 21^, 03; to 1st lieutenant Itarfh 1. 63; commissioned 
captain June 1, '65; not mustered; mustered out with company June 25, '65. 

James A. Johnson, 2d lieutenant, Nov. 19, '61; promoted from sergeant 1o 2(1 lieu- 
tenant July 31, '62; to adjutant lT2d reg. Pa. Vols. Dec. 8, '62. 

Joseph F. Werrick, 2d lieutenant Nov. 9, '61; promoted to 2(1 lieutenanl Jlar, 1, 
63; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, 64; discharged April 5, '65; expiration of 
term . 

Wm. H. Sutherland, 1st sergeant, Nov. 9, '61; prisoner from April 20 to Dec. 13, '64; 
com. 1st lieutenant June 1, '65; not mustered; absent on furlough at m\i.ster out; vet. 

David D. Johnson, 1st sergeant, Nov. 9, '61; disch'd on surgeon's certif. Aug. 4, '62. 

Clark A. Hunter, 1st sergeant, Nov. 9 '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate- 
date unknown. 

Brunton W. Smith, sergeant, Jan. 1, '62; wounded and captured at Plymouth, N. 
C, April 20, '64; commissioned 2d lieutenant June 1, '65; not mustered; absent on fur- 
lougli at muster out; veteran. 

John W. AVynn, sergeant, Nov. 5, '01; prisoner from April 20, '04, to April 21, '05 
discharged Ma.y 31 to date, May 18, '65. 

John Sweane3', sergeant, Dec. 18, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate July 14, '63. 

Wm. S. Moreland, sergeant, Nov. 9, '61; prisoner from April 20 lo Dec. 11, '64; 
mustered out JIarch 8, '05, expiration of term. 

James U. Bruce, sergeant, Dec. 18, '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C. April 20, '64; 
died at Andersonville, Ga., Sept. 10, '64; grave 8363; veteran. 

Jacob E. Wench, sergeant, Nov. 19, '61; deserted April 10, '63. 

James M. Carroll, sergeant, Nov. 9, '01; discharged on surgeon's certificate Aug. 
7, '62. 

Elienezer Springer, corporal, Dec. 18, '61; prisoner from April 20, '64, to Feb. 27, 
'65; discharged by general order June 22, '65; veteran. 

Williamll. Toms, corporal, Jan. 1, '62; prisoner from April 20, '04. to Alarch 1, '05; 
discharged by general order June 28, '05; veteran. 

Henry E. Cook, corporal Nov. 9, '61; prisoner from April 20 to Dec. 13, '04; dis- 
charged March 21, '05, to date Dec. 18, '04, expiration of term. 

William P. Deal, corporal, Nov. 9, '61; prisoner from April 20 to Dec. 13, '04; dis- 
charged JIarch 21, '65, to date Dec. 18, '64, expiration of term. 

A. Wesley Leonard, corporal. Nov. 21, '61; discharged, date unknown. 

Thorn IS McG)ffie, corporal, Nov. 9, '61 ; discharged on surgeon's certificate '63. 

John M. Ramsey, corporal, Nov. 19, '01; discliarged on surgeon's certificate Sept. 
24, '63. 

Thomas Barkley, corporal, Nov. 9, '61; died at Roper's Churcli, Y:\.. .lune 15, '02. 

John S. McCarroll, corporal, Nov. 9, 01; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64. 
died at Florence, S. C, Nov. 24, '04. 

Joseph T. Elder, musician, Dec. 18, '61; prisoner from April '.^0, '04, to ,'\Iiiy 5, '05; 
absent on furlough at muster out; veteran. 

Bernard Bush, musician, Nov. 9, '01; discharged on surgeon's (ertificate, date 

Cyrus C. Leonard, musician, Nov. 21, '01; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64; 
died at Florence, S. C, Mar. 2, '05; veteran. 


Allison, Joseph, Nov. 19, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate, date unknown. 


List of Privates — Continued. 

Arkwright, Sy'n B., Nov, 9, '61; deserted, date unknown. 

Barns, Milo, Dec. 18, '61 ; died — date unknown. 

Brown, Harvey, Nov. 9, '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C. April 20, '64; died at 
Andersonville, Ga., Sept. 20, '64; veteran. 

Chambers, Samuel W., Dec. 18, '61; wounded at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64; 
prisoner from April 20 to Dec. 13, '64; absent on furlough at muster out; veteran. 

('hambers, Benj., Dec. 18, '61; prisoner from April 20 to Dec. 15, '64; absent on 
furlough at muster out; veteran. 

Cassidaj', George, Nov. 21, '61; prisoner from April 20 to Dec. 11, '64; absent on 
furlough at muster out; veteran. 

Coulter, Graham, Nov. 31, '61; prisoner from April 20 to Dee. 13. '64; absent, sick 
at muster out; veteran. 

Calhoun, Nicholas, Nov. 9, '61; |nisoner from April 20, '64, to Feb. 27, '65; mus- 
tered out with company .June 25, '65; veteran. 

Cox, Samuel, Feb. 18, '64; mustered out with company June 25, '65. 

Court, .John, Nov. 9, '61; discharged Aug. 29, for wounds received at Fair Oaks, 
Va., May 31, '62. 

Ca.ssidy, John, Nov. 21, '61; died at Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 10, '62. 

Dailey, Thomas, Nov. 19, '61; prisoner from April 20 to Nov. 6, '64; absent on fur- 
lough at muster out; veteran. 

Devine, Thomas, Dec. 80, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '63. 

Dailey, William, Nov. 9, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate, date unknown. 

Dailey, Daniel, Nov. 9, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '63. 

Eaton, M. Luther, Dec. 18, '61; died at White Oak Swamp, Va., June 33, '62. 

Eakin, John A., Nov. 9, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate July 8, '62. 

Elliott, Martin W., Nov. 9, '61; discharged — date unknown. 

French, William, Nov. 9, '61; discharged '64, expiration of term. 

Grubbs, John, Dec. 30, '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64; died at 
Andersonville, Ga., Sept. 15, '64; veteran. 

Holsworth, Wm., Nov. 9, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate, date unknown. 

Hall, William, Nov. 9, '61; discharged Nov. 17, '64, expiration of term. 

Helm. Samuel, Nov. 9, 61; died at Newport News, Va., April 29, '63. 

Hunter. George A., Nov. 9, 61; died at Suffolk, Va., Oct. 31, '62. 

Johnson, Thomas. Nov. 9, '61; promoted from April 20 to Dec. 9, '64; absent on 
furlough at muster cmt; veteran. 

Leonard, James, Nov. 9, '61; wounded at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64; discharged 
Jan. 26, '65, expiration of term. 

Lester, Cornelius, Nov. 19, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '62. 

Lackey, William, Nov. 19, '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64; died 
at Florence. S. C, Oct. 26, '64. 

Mitchell, Alex., Sept. 19, '64; mustered out with company June 25, '65. 

Morton, Jacob C, Nov. 9, '61; prisoner from April 30, '64, to April, '65 ; discharged 
June 3, to date May 18, '65. 

Moore, Samuel, Nov. 19, '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 30, '64; died at 
Andersonville. Ga., Oct. 24, '64; grave 11,387. 

Mansfield, George, Nov. 19, 61; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64; died 
at Andersonville, Ga., Oct. 19, '64; grave 11,143; veteran. 

Mace, Robert H., Dec. 30, '61; discharged on .surgeon's certificate '63. 

Morgan, Benjamin, Dec. 18, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Oct. 22, '62. 


List ok Pur'ates — Continued. 

Mansfield, James, Nov. 9, '61; prisoner from April 20, 'C4, to Feb. 38, '65; discharged 
Ma3' 8 to date, March 6, '65. 

Marie, Jackson, Nov. 9. '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate March 23, '62. 

Majors, Samuel C, Oct. 19, '61; transferred to Company G Jan. 1, '64; veteran. 

Morgan, Calvin, Dec. 18, '61; tran.sferred to 162d reg. Pa Vols. '64. 

Matthews, Wm. S., Nov. 9, '61; not on muster-out roll. 

McCull, Jackson, Nov. 9, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate March 23, '62. 

McElduff, James, Jan 1, '62; discharged on surgeon's certificate, date unknown. 

McKean. Joseph. Nov. 9, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '62. 

McFadden, Wm., Nov. 9, 61; discharged on surgeon's certificate July 14. '62. 

McKeuzie, Ross, Nov. 9, '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64; died at 
Florence, S. C, Nov. 1, '64; veteran. 

Nash, Thomas S., Nov. 21, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate Jan. 27, '62. 

Porter, John M., Dec. 18, '61; prisoner from April 20, 64, to Feb. 22, '65; mustered 
out with company June 25, '65; veteran. 

Parks, Thomas, Nov. 9, '61; prisoner from April 20. '64, to Feb. 28, '65; ab-sent on 
furlough at muster out; veteran. 

Patterson, Reuben, Nov. 9, '61; not on muster-out roll. 

Rambo, Peter, Dec. 18, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate June 19, '62. 

Risinger, .John, Nov. 9. '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64; died at 
Charleston, S.. C, Sept 25, '64; veteran. 

Swagers, Thomas, Dec. 23, '63; prisoner from April 20 to Dec. 13, '64; mustered 
out with company June 25, '65. 

Smith, Wm., Jan. 1, '62; prisoner from April 20 to Dec. 15, '64; ab,sent on furlough 
at mu.ster out; veteran. 

Swagers, Milton. Dec, 18, '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64; died at 
Andersonville, Ga., Aug. 29, '64; grave 6382; veteran. 

Swagers. Henry, Dec. 30, '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64; died at 
Florence, S. C, Oct. 15, '64; veteran. 

Smith, Wm. B., Dec. 30, '61; died at Portsmouth, Va., date unknown. 

Sheldrak, Joshua, Nov. 9, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '63. 

Sting, Joseph T., Dec. 30, '61; deserted, date unknown. 

Tennis, Samuel, Nov. 9, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate, '63. 

Wallace, Jesse, Dec. 7, 61; prisoner from April 22, '64, to Feb. 20, '65; discharged 
May 22, to date April 6, '65. 

Wynn, Hamlin, Nov. 9, '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64; died at 
Andersonville, Ga., Sept. 4, '64; veteran. 

Young, Edward, Nov. 9, '61; died at New York Sept. 29, '62; buried in Cypress 
Hill cemetery, L. I . 

company h, lolst regiment pennsylvania volrnteers. 

Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers. 

Alex. W. Taylor, captain, Dec. 3, '61; promoted to major Nov. 13. '62. 

William Mays, captain, Nov. 12, '61; promoted from 1st lieutenant Nov. 13, 62; 
wounded at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64; discharged Starch 6. '65, expiration of 

Samuel S. Taylor, 2d lieutenant, Oct. 29, '61; promoted from sergeant Nov. 13, 
'62; discharged Feb. 15, '65. 


^-^S*- f^'^v 



beaver county. ■ 371 

Offickrs and Non-Commissioned Officers — Continued. 

James B. Kirk, 1st lieutenant, Dec. 3, '61; promoted from 2d lieutenant Nov. 13, 
'63; mustered out March 13, '65. 

Eugene K. Fliison, 1st sergeant, Nov. 12, '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C , April 
20, '64; veteran. 

James D. Harris, 1st sergeant. Oct. 29, '61; captured; died at Richmond, Va., '62. 

Alexander Prentice, .sergeant. Oct. 29, '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, 
'64; veteran. 

John McDannel, sergeant, Oct. 29, '61; captured at Plymouth. N. C, April 20. '64: 

Mack .lohnston, sergeant, Nov. 12, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '63. 

James Graham, sergeant, Oct. 39, '61; discharged Nov. IT, '64, expiration of term. 

Edward N. Boots, .sergeant, Oct. 29. '61; promoted to quartermaster-sergeant Nov. 
13, '63. 

John C. Morrow, sergeant, Feb. 21. '02: iiromoted to sergeant-major June, '63. 

Cyrus W. Webb, sergeant, Nov. 13, '61; captured at Plj'mouth, N. C, April 20, 
'64; died at Auder.sonville, Ga., Nov. 23, '64; grave 13,129; veteran. 

John 11. Svvick, corporal, Oct. 29. '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64. 

Ednumd li. Boots, corporal, Oct. 39, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate April 
5, '63. 

Robert Manon, corporal, Oct. 29, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '62 

Addison Sloan, corporal, Oct. 39, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '62. 

Joseph L. Gibson, corporal, Nov. 12, '61; discharged on surgern's ccrtitit ate 'C3. 

Hamilton Creamer, corporal, Oct. 29, '61; died at Plymouth, N. C, '63. 

Byron M. Fisher, corporal, Oct. 39, '61; wounded and captured at Plymouth, N. C, 
April 30, '64; died at Andersonville, Ga., July 13, '64; grave 3.3.58; veteran. 

.John W. Barnes, corporal, Nov. 12. '61; wounded ard cnpiuicd at PiMr.onth, N. 
C, April 20, '64; died at Andersonville, Ga., July 8, '64; grave SO.'il. 

James C. Kelly, corporal, Nov. 12, '61; captured at Plymouth. N. C, April 20, '64; 
■died at Andersonville, Ga., Sept. 1.5, '64; grave 8.H.53: veteran. 

How. S. Morehead. corporal, Oct. 39. 'til; died on board U. S transport Dec. 16, 
'64; veteran. 

Sam'l W. Prentice, corporal, Nov. 12, 61; died at Annapolis, Md., March 16, '05. 

Thomas Robinson, corporal, Oct. 29, '61; not. on muster-out roll. 

William H. Acher, musician, Oct. 39, '61; prisoner from April 20, '64, to Feb. 24, 
"65; discharged by general order June 13, '65; veteran. 

Samuel Myers, musician, Nov. 15. '63; prisoner from April To to Nov. ;W, '64; 
mustered out with com])any June 25, '65. 


Browman, Matthias, Nov. 12, '01; captured at Plymouth, X. ('., April 20, '64; vet. 
Bond, John C, Nov. 12, '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C. April 20. '64. 
Baxter, Elijah, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '63. 
Barnes, Wm. C, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '63. 
Burnet, .John H., Oct. 39, '61; killed at Plymouth, N. C. April 20. '64, veteran. 
Bale, Jeremiah, '61; drowned in Potomac river April 24, '65; veteran. 
Brown, Alouzo, Oct. 27, '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64; died at 
Andersonville, Ga., Sept 10, '64; grave 8,3.56. 

Baird, Thomas S., Nov. 12, '61; transferred to signal corps '64. 


List of Privates— Continued. 

Cole, William, Nov. 12, '61; prisoner from April 20 to Dec. 13, '64; mustered out 
with company June 25, '65; veteran. 

Cole, James B., Oct. 29, '01; pri.soner from April 20, '64, to Feb. 24. '65; discharged 
hy general order June 10, '65: veteran. 

Creese, John, Oct. 29, '61; prisoner from Ajiril 20 to Dec. '64; absent on furlough 
at muster out; veteran. 

Coleman, George H., Dec. 3, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '62. 

Cristy. Daniel, Nov. 12, '61; killed at Fair Oaks, Va., May 31, '62. 

Cavin, Robert. Oct. 29, '61; killed at Fair Oaks, Va., May 31, '62. 

Carter, Francis W., Oct. 29, '61; captured at Plymouth. N. C, April 20. '64; 
died at Florence, S. C, Oct. 14, '64; veteran. 

Callenbaugh, G. H., Oct. 29, '61; died '68. 

Cooper, Kobert F., Dec. 3. '62; not on muster-out roll. 

Dilks. Jonathan J., Nov. 12, '61; prisoner from April 20 to Dec. 12, '64; mustered 
out with company June 25 '65; veteran. 

Dalzell, Robert, Oct. 29, '61; killed at Fair Oaks, Va., May 31, '62. 

Davis. E. Rush, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '63. 

Eckenroth. John, Dec. 13, '64; mustered out with company June 25, '65. 

Flceson, William, Nov. 12, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '63. 

Friday, Soloman D., Oct. 29, '61; captured at Plymouth. N. C, April 20. '64; 
died at Andersouville, Ga., June 17, '64; grave 2099. 

Frida)', Henry J.. Oct. 29, '61; drowned in Potomac river April 24, '65; veteran. 

Fisher, David, '61; killed at Plymouth. N. C, April 20, '64; veteran. 

French. James, Sept. 19, '62; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64; died at 
Andersonville, Ga.. Aug. 25, '64; grave 6890. 

Goddard, John, Nov. 12, '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64; veteran. 

Graham, Thomas. Oct. 29, '61; discharged Aug. 4, '64, expiration of term. 

Garman, Philip, '61; di.scharged on .surgeon's certificate 'f!3. 

Graham, Harrison, '61; di.scharged on surgeon's certificate '63. 

Gear, Alexander, '61; died at Suffolk, Va., '62. 

Hunter, Clark JI.. Feb, 29. '64; nuistered out with company June 25, '65. 

Horner, Joseph, Oct. 29, '61; captured !it Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64. 

Horner, David W., Dec. 21. '6'<; captured ;it Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64. 

Hoover, Joseph, Sept. 30, '62; prisoner frtjm April 20. '64, to April 9. '65; dis- 
charged June 15, to date May 18, '64. 

Hall. James L., Sept. 19. '62; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64. 

Hunter, William H., Oct. 29, '61; prisoner from April 20 to Dec. 13, '64; dis- 
charged April 4, '65, to date Dec. 19, '64. 

Hazin, Matthew J.. Dec. 3, '61; caiilured at Plymoutli, N. C, April 20, '64; died 
at Andersonville. Ga., Aug. 26, '64; grave 7020; veteran. 

Hazen, Julius M., Dec. 3, '61; died at Fortress Monroe, Va., June 4, '62. 

Issara, Wm., Jan. 21, '62; captured at Plymouth. N. C, April 20, '64. 

Johnson, Oliver, Nov. 12, '61: discharged on surgeon's certificate '62. 

Johnson. Wm., '61; di.scharged on surgeon's certificate '62. 

Johnson. George, '61; died at Yorktown, Va., May 3, '62. 

Klepper, William, '61; captured at Fair Oaks, Va., May 31, '62; died at Richmond. 

Kelly, Lewis, Dec. 3, '61; deserted '62. 

Milliron, John, Oct. 29, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate April 5, '63. 


List of Privates — Continued. 


Murraj-, Cung'hani, Oct. 29, '61; cnptiirctl at Plymouth, N. C .\pril 20. '64. 

Matthews. Web. S., Dec. 8, '61; captured at Plymouth. N. C, April 20, '64; veteran. 

May, Levi B., Nov. 12, '01; discliarjied '64, expiration of term. 

Musser, Wm. IL H., Sept. 19, '62; died at Plymouth. N. C, '6:1 

Magaw, Wm. C, '61; died at Portsmouth Grove, K. L, .July 27, '62. 

iMcCleary, Robert. Oct. 29, '61 ; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64; veterau. 

McDannel, Jas. M., Feb. 29, '64; captured at Plyicouth, N. C, April 20, '64. 

McCarthy, John C, Dec. 3, '61; di.scharffcd on suriccon's certificate '62. 

McGill. William. Oct. 29, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '62. 

Mclvean, .John W., Nov. 12, '61; cajitured; died at Andersonville. Ga., .Inly 17, 
'64; yrave:54Sl. 

Nowry. William R.. Dec. 8, '61; prisoner from April 20, '64. to Feb. 20, 'Oo; mu>- 
tered out wiih company .Tune 2,5, '65; veteran. 

Neely, Joliu, Oct. 29, '61; discharged Nov. 17, '64, t,\pirati(U of term. 

Porter. Samuel W., '61; prisoner from April 20 to Dec, '64; ;ibfecut at camp parade, 
Annapolis. Md., at muster out; veteran. 

Porter, David, '64; captured at Plymouth. N. C, April 20, '64; died at Ai'dcrsou- 
ville, Ga., June 28, '64; grave 2590. 

Porter, Hugh Z., Oct 19, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '62. 

Porter, John, '61; discharged on surgeon's cerliticaie '62. 

Patterson, Reuben, Dec. 3, '61; caplurid at Plymculh. N. C, April 20, "64; died 
at Andersonville. Ga., July 27, '64; grave 4049; veteran. 

Powell, Charles, Oct. 29, '61; died near Richnujud, Va., May, '62. 

Rulter. John, Oct. 29, '61; discharged on surgeon's cerlilicatc '02. 

Robertson, John C, Sept. 19, '62; discharged on surg( on's certificate '63. 

Robinson, James, Oct. 29, '61; discharged on i-i;rgK n's cer\ifi( ate '63 

Rutter. William C, Feb. 11, '62; died at Newbern, N. C, Oct. 4, '64; buried in 
National cemetery, plat 7, grave 75. 

Reed, John .\., Dec 3. '61; jirisoner from April 20 to Dec. 10, (U; discharged 
May 15. '65, to date Dec. 17, '64, expiration of t£rm. 

Rui)y, Robert F., Oct. 29, '61; died at Newbern, N. C., May 30, '63; buried in 
National cemetery, plat 7, grave 124. 

Swick, Daniel W., Feb. 29, '64; mustered out with comiiany June 25, '65. 

Sloan, Jackson, Oct. 29, '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64. 

Smith, Russell, Nov. 12, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '62. 

Sand's, Elijah, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '62. 

Thomas, James, Oct. 29, '61; discharged on surgeon's certificate '63. 

Vaudvoort, Cyrus, 61; died at New York, Sept. 8, '62. 

\Vi son, Robert L , Feb. 27, '64: captured at Pljmoulli. N, C, April 20. 64; died at 
Florence. S ('., Oct. 30, '64. 

Wagner, John W., Oct. 29. '61; di'd at SufTolk. Va., Dec. 17, '62 

Young, Philip S., '61; captured at Plymouth, N. C, April 20, '64. 



OuTLOTs — Sale of Lots in 1806 — Samuel Johnston — Beaver made 
THE County Seat — Inookpokation— Borough Administration — Bus- 
iness Condition in 1887 — Education — Banks — Water Works — 
Cemeteries — Sf:cret Societies — Churches — Public Schools — Post- 
masters — Popu lation. 

BEAA'ER, the seat of justice of Beaver county, is situated on an 
alluvial plateau, on tiie north hank of the Ohio river, aliout three- 
fourths of a mile from the mouth of the Big I5eavei'. 

It owes its origin to the fnct that Fort Afclntosh was established 
in 1778 on its site, and thus attracted early attention to tlie hjcality; 
though it is asserted by good authority, that on the jjresent site of 
Beaver, or perhaps'a little lower down the rivec, Hon. M. S. Quay 
informed the wi-iter. on the David Minis proparty, below the site 
of Fort Mcintosh, were found reuinants of tiiese old Frenci) structures. 
There stood in former times a hiKge town, built by tiie F'rench, of 
square logs, with stone chimneys, for the use of the Shawanees, Dela- 
ware and Mingo tribes; and that those Indians abandoned the towns in 
1758, when their allies, the French, deserted Fort DuQuesne. 

The same authority asserts that near the fording of Beavei' river 
(probablv on the site of Bridgew^ater — R.] stood seven houses wiiich 
were deserted and destroyed after Colonel Bouquet defeated Pontiac's 
Indians at Bushy Run [Augusts, 170:^.], when they forsook all their 
settlements in this region. 

By the act of September 28, 17'.U, the governor of the state, 
Thomas Mifflin, was authorized to have surveyed, neai' tiir mouth of 
the Beaver river, an or near where the old French to/r/i xtooil, 2oi) aci'es 
of land in town lots; and also Jdito acres adjoining and on the uijperside 
thereof, as nearly square as might be, in outlots of not less tlian five 
nor more than ten acres each. I'>y the same act 500 acres were granted 



for an academy. The survey of tlie town was made by Daniel Leet 
in November, 1792, the twelve liundred acres being part of what is 
known as the Beaver reservation descril)ed thus in the Act of March 
12, 1783: "And the furtiier (|uantity of tliree thousand acres on the 
Oliio and on both si(k>s of tlie moiitli of Jteaver creek, includinp' Fort 

Under Leet's survey certain k>ts were sokl, and were purchased by 
the following owners: David ]5radford No. 1, 11, 27,42; John II. Eed- 
dick, 2; Absalom Baird. 3, 5, 0, 71, 73, 7<;, 79, 112, 117, 12(», 122; Daniel 
Leet, 4, 1(», 14, 44, 4!», 50, (id, (j7, 08; Craig Kitchie, 8; Hugh Wilson, 9; 
Thomas McNeary, 12; Gab Blackney and J. Maishall, 15; George 
Bryan, 16; Alexander Addison, 17, 31; John Nicholson, 18; Charles 
Morgan, 19; Alexander Wright. 20; D. Bradford and Alex. Addison, 21, 
32, 33, 35, 37, 38, 40, 41, 123; David Acheson, 22; Robert McKiidey, 23, 
8G, 87, (92, 93), 99, 100, KKi, 107; James Heed, 24, 2(i; John Strawbridge, 
25; Daniel Acheson, 28; David Mc Neary, 29; Andrew Swearingen, 30, 
34, 58^63; George Milligan, 36; John Reed, 39; Mat. Irish, 43, 46; 
George Baker, 45, St!; John Fisher, 47, 48, 57; John Wolf, 51, 52; Wd- 
iiam Gny, 54, 55; John McKee, 65, 69, 7tt, 74, 75, 80, 81; Win. Bradford, 
88-91. 94-98, 101-105, 108-111, 113-116, 118, 119, 121. 

In 1806, a second sale of lots, thirty-five in number, Avas matle by 
commissioners ajipointed for that purpose. The names of purchasers 
will indicate who were residents of Beaver at that time. The numbers 
of their lots are omitted: Matthew Steen, Guion Greer, David Johnson, 
.\bner Lacock, Jonathan Coulter, William Clarke, Robert Davidson, 
Robert Moore, James Lyon. James Dennis, James Allison, Joseph Davis, 
James Conlin, Thomas Henry, James Alexander, Joseph Irwin, Jcjhn 
Lawrence, Joseph Hemphill, James IMcCreery. William Henry, Robert 
Darragh, James McDowell, Levi Jones, Stewart Rowan Samuel John- 
ston, Daniel Johnston. 

One of the early settlers of the ])lace was Sauuiel Jolmston. He 
came as early as 1796 and kept a tavern on the bank of the river, near 
Fort Mcintosh. This house all'orded entertainment not only for the 
tratiickers along the river, but for those who canu^ through the countiy 
on the "South Side" along the " Broadhead Road" which liad been 
opened uji many years previous to enable people to reach the fort easily 
by land from the vicinity of Fort Pitt. 

By the act of March 12, 1800, establishing the county of Beaver, the 
town on the site of Mcintosh was designated and fixed as the county 
seat. At that time, the Beaver plateau was covered with a dense 

nrjQ lllSliHn- OF liKAVEK COUNTV. 

gro^vth of shruLs ami saplnigs. presenting no suel. b.Miitiful appear- 

''''''''The n^w'Vovvn was inc-o.poiated March !".>. isn-i. and 
began a legal existence which has been subject to n.any changes since 
An examination of the records of the borough, measurably well 
preserved, has I'evealed some matters of general interest. 

Even as early as 180:^. the question of water supply seems to have 
attracted attention. Public wells were impracticable. A large spring 
near the hill nortii of the town was supposed to be the most avadable 
supplv In the records for this year we tin.l Jac .1. Small presenting a 
bill against the borough for £1 13s. 3(1. for repairing pipes and pumps. 
The officers in 1S04 were— Chairman. Samuel Lawrence; treasurer, 
Thonuis Ilenrv; clerk, Hugh P.cknoU; waterman, Joseph Hemphill. 

Officers in 1805: Chairman. William Clarke: treasurer, James 
Lv.m- clerk, Samuel Lawrence; burgess, Jonathan Conltei-; town 
council, William Clarke, Joseph Hemphill, James Allison, Jr., Thomas 
Evans, John Hannah. . -r. • , 

A special election, at which Joseph Hemphill was inspector. T)avid 
Haves, judge, an.l James Allison, Jr., clerk, was liekl at the courthouse 
to Hll a vacancv m the office of high constable, on the 10th of July; 
William Rhodes was elected, having received a majority of votes 
The following is from the poll-book, the oldest of the kind preserved 
inthecountvT William Henry. Matthew Steen, Ilobert Moore, John 
Everhart, Samuel Johnston. Cuion Greer. DavidJ ohnson. Jonathan 
l:Z. Vohn Light. Abner Lacck, Jacob Small William Shaniuji, 
Janres Wilson, David Hayes, Joseph Hemplnll. David Bote John 
Lawrence, James Allison, Jr.. Robert Darragh. Thomas Harvey, fhomas 
Henry, Samuel Lawrence, Thomas Evans, James Alexander, StesNait 
Rowan, Jonathan Mendenhall. 

It will be noticed that this list embraces the prominent men in the 
subsequent historv of the county. 

Town council in ISOC: Abner Sanmel Johnston ami 
Samuel Lawrence. This partial list, together with an account ot the 
borouo-h's indebtedness to John Lawrence for tw.. and oneJialt days 
service in repairing water works, ^i.:^ is all the recor.l preserved. 

The borough government, in 1807, consisted as follows: Luvgess, 
James Allison, Jr.; council, Davi.l .l"ln>soi, chainnan; John K 
Shannon, clerk; James Lyon, treasurer; A\ iHiam Clarke. Lobut 
Moore Stewart Rowan and John Everhart. Through its burgess, the 


council agreed witli Iliinli Wilson to l)uild a stone house, 11x13 feet, on 
the o-rounil and seven feet in height, at the source of the spring which 
supjjlied the water worlcs; for whieli he was given an order on the 
treasurer for S^5.n(». 

Council in lSi>S: David Hayes, cliaii'nian; Guion Greer, John Berry, 
John Light, James Wilson. Orticers: Jiui'gess, James Allison, Ji'., treas- 
urer, James Lyon; clerk, Jose])]) W. White; high constable, William 

Council in 1809: David Hayes, chairman; John Light, Guion Greer, 
James Wilson, John Berry*. Oificers: James Lyon, treasurer; James 
Allison, Jr., liurgess; Thomas Henry, assessor; Samuel Lawrence and 
Joseph Hemphill, assistaTits. The assistant assessors received the enor- 
mous fee of seventy-five cents per day. 

Council in isid: Rcjbert Moore, chairman; James Wilson, John 
Light, Thomas Henry, Stewart Ilowan, James Allison, Jr. Officers: 
William Clarke, Imrgess; David Boies, treasurer; Robert Hamilton, 
clerk; David Hayes, waterman; James Lyon, assessor; Samuel Law- 
rence and Joseph Hemphill, assistants; Thonuis Heniy, high constable. 

On the 5th of May, Thomas Henry received a warrant on the 
treasurer for $.58. .54 for the erection of market-house. Jolin Berry 
presented a claim against the cnuncil as follows: 

For publishing three oriliuauces, 3 squares, $3.00; proposals for liuilding a market- 
house, 1 square, .fl.OO; total .f4.00. 

January '.>th it was ind:jrs3 1 : " Held unih^r advisement." News- 
papers then did not grow fat upon cor|)orations. 

The election held tiie first Monday in May. 1811, resulted as fol- 
lows: (Council: James Allison, Jr., chairman; James Lyon, Joseph 
Hemphill, Robert Moore, Samuel Johnston. Officers: David Boies, 
treasurer; Hugh Picknoll, clerk ; Thomas HeiiiT, high constable; Will- 
iam Clarke, l)urgess. 

Tiie market-Jiouse was ordered sold by the burgess under tiuthoritv 
of tiie conned. It was a sliort-bved ]iul)lic necessity. 

Council in 1S12: James Alli:-;on, Jr.. chairman; Jonatiian Coulter, 
Joseph Hemphill, James Lyon. Robert Moore. Officers: William 
(Uarke, l)urgess ; David Boies, treasurer; Hugh Picknoll, clerk ; Thomas 
Henry, high constable. 

At a meeting of tin- inhabitants, held March Jo, to determine 

* Was subsequently removed, and Jonathan Coulter, at a special election, was 
chosen his successor. 


the mode by which the bovouoh luiglit l)e elieved from the difficulty 
suffered in procuring a sufficient supply of good water, it was resolved: 
1. To approve the plan of bringing water to the Center Square, and 
disposing of it then as might be deemed best. 2. To appoint James 
Lyon and Stewart Rowan a committee to take subscriptions for secur- 
ing water works, and to report to the council the various sums loaned 

for said purpose. 

The subscriptions were taken in sums varying from $1.00, the low- 
est to $50, the highest, tlie lattei- sum being given by James Lyon. 
He also gave $3.20 as a donation. Jacob Small subscribed $20 in logs 
and blacksmithing. The response was generous. 

On the Sth of April, the council i)asse(l an ordinance authorizmg 
two things: (1) The bringing (h.wn to the public square, in wooden 
pipes, the water flowing from the springs in the reserve lot near John 
Wolf's; and (2) the borrowing of money at six ]ier cent to defray the 
expenses attending the same. 

To meet the demands of the case, the council issued bonds to the 
subscribers to this fund, a sample of which is given : 

We the town council of the borough of Beaver, certify that Samuel Power has 
loaned to' an,l for tlie use of. the borough of Beaver, thirty dollars, to be refunded to ihe 
said Samuel Power or Ijearer, l)y six annual inslallments, with interest, from 7tl. of .July. 
'1812, to which payment the Fond of the said horough is hereliy pledged. Done m coun- 
cil May 8, 1812, Samuel Lawrence, 

^^^^^^'- ^ „, ,,, ,.,. Chairman. 

Hugh Picknoi.i., Town ClciU. 

Council in 181:3 : James Allison. .Ir.. elKiinnan ; James Lyon, J;is. 

Wilson. Samuel Lawrence, David Loits. Officers: William Clarke, 

buro-ess; Hugh ricknoll. clerk; William Y. Smith, high constable. 

''(V.i'incil Tn ISU: Samuel Lawrence, chairman : James Allison. Jr., 

James Lyon, David Boies, James Wilson. Officers : William Clarke, 

burgess;" Thomas Henry, treasur(>v: Hugh Picknoli, clerk ; William \ . 

Smith, high constable. 

By an ordinance passed May 11. members ot the council were voted 
$1 33^ for each day's necessary attendance upon official duty. 

Council in 1S15 : Samuel Power, chairman ; David Boies, James 
Dennis, James Lyon, James Logan Officers : Robert Moore, bur- 
oess- David Hayes, clerk; Thomas Henry, treasurer. 
° \n ordinance was passed November 10, authorizing: (1} Borough 
notes in the aggregate of $500 in denominations, 6i, 12i, 25 and 50 
cents each, to be signed by the treasurer and placed in the hands ot the 
bur-ess, to be put upon the market. (2) The treasurer to procure paper 




and have the notes struck Ijy tlie editor of the Beaver Crisis. (3) The 
highest number of the lowest denomination, and vice versa, be issued. 
On these notes tlie first borougli seal was used, viz: a stamp with a tree 
and a fountain, to represent the two important needs of the town. 

A second ordinance, dated July 17, requires the burgess to charge 
all traveling shows $."> license for two nights' and the intervening day's 

Council in 18H): David Hayes, chairman ; Milo Adams, Samuel 
Power, James Dennis, James Logan. Officers: liobert Moore, bur- 
gess; A. Logan, clerk; Laughlin Kennedy, high constable. 

On the 2tith of August, a contract was made with James Dennis 
to build a market-house for $395, the structure to be completed in work- 
manlike manner by June 1, 1817. 

Council in 1S17: David Hayes, chairman; Thomas Henrj^, John 
Lifi-ht, James Loo-an, Milo Adams. Officers: Samuel Lawrence, Inn- 
gess ; David Boies, high constable. 

Council in 1S18 : David Hayes, chairman; John R. Shannon, 
James Conlin, John IIein})erly, Thomas Hunter. Officers: Samuel 
Lawrence, burgess; Samuel McChu'e, treasurer; David Boies, high 

Council in 1819 supposed to be snuie. No report. James Logan 
was clerk. 

Council in 18'2(J: David Hayes, cliairma.n ; James Logan, Robert 
Hamilton, Milo Adams, David Marquis. Officers: Samuel Lawrence, 
burgess ; ^lilton Lawrence, clerk ; David Boies, high constaUe. 

The records for 1821 are imperfect, showing only two members of 
the council : Milo Adams, chairman, and James Logan. 

The same is true of 1822. David Somers was assessor, and Joseph 
Hemphill and Iloliert Moore, assistants. 

Council in 1823 : Thonuis Henry, James Logan, David Marquis, 
John Barclay, James Lyon. Officers : Joseph Hemphill, burgess; 
David Boies, high constable. The valuation of the borough as reported 
by the clerk was $48,003. 

Council in 1821: James Tjogan, Tlios. Henry, David Marquis, 
John Barclay, David Somers. Officers : Joseph Hemphill, burgess; 
Joseph Vera, high constable; David Boies, assessor; John I'auce, 

Of the council in 1825 Thomas Henry was chairman, and Joseph 
S. Moore, clerk. 


Council in 1826 : James Logan, David Somers, David Marquis, 
John Barclay. Thomas Henry. Joim Chirke, clerk. 

Council in 1827 : Robert Moore, John Light, John Clarke, David 
Somers, Joseph Hemphill. John Tower, clerk. 

Council in 1828 : Samuel Power, James Logan, Thomas McCreery, 
David Somers, Milo Adams. Oihcers : James AUison, Jr., clerk ; 
Joseph Vera, constable. 

Council in 1829-30 : Joseph Hemphill, John Barclay, James Alli- 
son, James Lyon, Thomas Henry. Officers : William Cairns, burgess ; 
Jackson Sloan, high constable. 

The burgess in 18.31 was Jose]ih Hemphill. 

In 1832: William ^hiclean, chairman of council ; William Allison, 
clerk ; Thonuis McCreary, treasurer. 

Burgess in 1833, Jose])h Hemphill ; clerk, James Logan ; high 
constable, James Eakin, Jr. 

Burgess in 1834, Joseph ileiiipliill ; high constable, James D. 

Burgess in 1835, Joseph Conrad ; clei'k, Wilham Allison ; treas- 
urer, John Barclay ; chaiiMuan of council, Daniel Agnew ; constable, 
Joseph French. 

Burgess in 1830, Joseph Conrad; chairman of council. Daniel 
Aernew ; treasurer, John Barclav ; clerk, William Allison; assessor, 
R. H. Agnew ; high constable, Joseph French. 

A subscription for a tire engine, dated Sejit. 23, was taken, 
amounting to $130. The machine was bought for $125. 

Buro-ess in 1837, W. B. Clarke; chairman of council, Daniel 
Agnew ; clerk, William Allison ; treasurer, John Barclay ; constable, 
Joseph French. 

Buro-ess in 1838, W. B. Clarke: treasurer. John Barclay : clerk, 
R. H. Agnew; high constable, James D. Eakin. 

Burgess in 1839, Daniel Agnew: high constable, James D. Eakin; 
assessor, David Somers ; clerk, R. H. Agnew. 

Burgess in 1840, Evan J. Henry ; clerk, John B. Foster; assessor, 
W. B. Clarke; treasurer, James Allison, Jr.; constable, Isaac Jones. 

No records for 1811. Officers doubtless same as foregoing. 

Burgess in 1812. Evan J. Henry; treasurer, James Allison, Jr.; 
clerk, James M. Cunningliam; constable, Adam Gormley. 

Burgess in 1813, James Eakin; treasurer, James Allison. Jr; high 
constable, David Eakin, Ji'. 


Burgess in 1844, James Eakin; treasurer, "\Y. K. Boden; clerk, Will- 
iam Reed; constable, Joliu H. Cainp. 

Burgess in 1845-4(), James Eakin ; constable, Adam (irormley. 

Burgess in 1S4T, James Eakin ; treasurer, James Allison, Jr ; street 
commissioner, Hugh Anderson; constable, A. Gormley. 

Burgess in 1S4S, John Bai'ckiy ; treasurer, Alford TJ. Moore; liigh 
constable, Hugli Anderson. 

Burgess in 1849, John liai'chiy; clerk, Thomas McC'reeiy ; treas- 
urer, S. S. Hamilton; high constable, Hugh Anderson; waterman, 
Joseph Reisinger. 

Burgess in 1850, John II. yiiannon ; liigh constable. S. S. Hamilton; 
assessor, William Reed. 

Burgess in 1851, John li. Shannon; treasure)", Thomas McCi-eery; 
high constable, George Robinson. 

Burgess in 185-2, James Allison, .Ir.; treasurer, Thomas McCreeiy; 
high constable, Oliver Pui'vis. 

Burgess in 185M, James Allison, .Ir,; clerk, D. L. Ind>rie ; treasurer, 
Thomas McCreery ; high constable, J, C. Wilson. 

Burgess in 1854, AVilliani S. Barclay ; treasurer, Thomas McCreery; 
clerk, W, Reed; constal)le, James Laird. 

Ihirgess in 1855, Joseph Strock ; clerk, M. B. AVelsh : ti'easurer, 
Adam Goi-mley ; high constable, William Beacom. 

Chairman of Council in 1856, Dr. Oliver Cunningham; treasurer. 
J. C. Wilson. 

Burgess in 1857, J. C. Weyand;high constable, James 11. Dungan. 

Burgess in 1858, Josepli Sti'ock; treasurer. Dr. O. C^unningham; 
high constable. James II. Dungan. 

Burgess in 185;i, David Ramsey; clerk, Wm. Reed; treasurer. Dr. 
O. Cunningham. 

Burgess in 1860, Samuel Davcn|)ort; clerk, W. S. Barclay; treasurer, 
Dr. O. Cunningham; high constable, J<.ihn J^. Snowden. 

j' CD.N'nrrioN ix 1837. 

In 18o7 the following l)usiness and professional interests were 
repi-esented in the town. Many of the persons, it will be seen, were 
the early settlers of the place, and hence its molding spirits. 

Mi'rclianU — James Lyon. James Allison, Jr., Jolm Barclav, James 
Eakin. Thomas McCreery. Rol)ert McCreery, Thomas Henrv. Abrah;im 
Noss, David iMinis, Benjamin Adams. . . . Bremer — Jose))ii I'. .lohns- 
ton. . . . Stuhlh'vs — Daniel^larquis. .lohn Douds. J. T.Conii. . . . Tan- 


ner — M. T. Stokes. . . . ShoemaJcers — Stephen Todd, "William Fields, 
J. French, William Conn, J. H. Kemp, Michael Kemp. . . . Carpen- 
ters — Jackson Slew, Abraham Sutherland, James Anderson, J. Yarley. 

Plasterers — Andrew Carson, Samuel Carson. . . . Coopers — Henry 
Streek, George Streak. . . . Blacksmiths — David Somers, C. Keisinger, 
Joseph Reisinger, jMorton & Eakin. . . . Tlaiiers — Shively, Allison it 
Wilson. . . . Stone Masons — Morgan it Maxwell. . . . Tallow Chand- 
ler — Daniel Eakin. . . . Innkeepers — John Light, David Porter, Mrs. 
Nancy Moore. 

Physicians — Oliver Cunningham, Smith CLiniiiiigham, W. P>. Par- 
ker, George Allison. . . . Attorneys at Law — James Allison, William 
Allison, Daniel Agnew, J. R. Shannon, AVilham P. Clarke, N. P. Fet- 
termau, II. Roberts, S. Meredith, P. P. Chamberlin, Isaac Jones, 
Thomas Cunningham. . . . Ministers of the Oospel — Rev. A. O. Pat- 
terson and William Maclean, Presbyterian; Callender and Joshua IMun- 
roe, Methodist. . . . Justices of the Peace — William Clarke, David 
Poles, James D. Eakin. . . . Editors — William Henry, Argus; Alexan- 
der Niblaw, Aurora. 

Officials — Thomas Henry, M. C; Penjan\in Adams, associate judge; 
James D. Eakin, county commissioner; R. II. Agnew, clerk of commis- 
sioners; John Parclay, county treasurer; John A. Sci-oggs, prothono- 
tarj'; Tliompson M. Johnson, register and recorder. , 


When Peaver county was organized, David Johnson was invited 
to open its record books. He was at the time, and had been for a 
time previous, engaged in educational work. Py some of his former 
pupils at Cannonsburgh college, James Allison, Robert Moore, Jesse 
Roberts, William Wilkins, Henry l>aldwin, Ephraim Pentland, he was 
given every encouragement to locate in Peaver, lieing promised the 
fees of the several offices filled as well as the patronage of the leading- 
families in a pi'ivate school, which he was expectetl to establish. Many 
of the prominent men and women of the town of Peaver and its vicinity 
owe their educational success to the inspiring guidance of David John- 
son. Accordaig to the testimony of one of the number (T. J. P.) but 
three of his male pupils are still living, and they octogenarians. Their 
names are W. P. Clarke, of Pittsburgh; Thomas J. Power, of Roches- 
ter, and Robert Potter, of the South Side. 

Beaver Academy. This institution began with the establishment 
of the town. In the records of the 14tli of June, 1S06, we find the 



following gentlemen present : Joseph Hemjjhill, Samuel Johnston, 
James Alexander, John Lawrence and Gui(jn Greer. As trustees they 
passed two resohitions : 1. That two hundred and fifty acres be laid 
ofP the west side of tlie academy tract, agreeable to the act of assembly 
in snch case i)rovided [March 21, 1S05], and that Josepli Hemphill 
survey tlie same. 2. That the sales commence the last Monday of the 
ensuing July. 

At this sale, lots were bought by (luion Greer, David Johnson, 
Jonathan Coulter, AVilliam Clarke, Robert Davidson, Robert Moore, 
James Lyon, James Dennis, James Allison, Joseph Davis (Raccoon 
township), James Conlin, Thomas Henry, James Alexander, Joseph 
Irwin, John Lawrence, Abner Lacock, Joseph Hemphill, Samuel 
Johnston, James McCreery, William Henry, William Breaden (tailor), 
Robert Darragh, James AVilson, James McDowell, John Lawrence, Levi 
Jones, Stewart Rowan and Matthew Steen, all subse(piently prominent 
men in the history of the town and county. The lots varied in size 
from five acres and a fraction to ten and a fraction. The price may be 
'inferred from the fact that Matthew Steen paid $16:3 for Ko. 1, con- 
taining 9.47 acres, or $17.22 per acre. , 

On the 24th of August, ISOO, the trustees, Jonathan Coulter, Joseph 
llempliill, Guion Greer, James Ale&ander, John Lawrence and Samuel 
Johnston, appeared before William Clai'ke, J. P., and presented a plat 
of the grounds of the institution sold containing thirty-five lots aggre- 
gating 248 acres and 101 perches. The remainder of the five hundred- 
acre tract was not sold until the 18th of May, 1832. The aggregate 
sales then amounted to !53,(i92.75, David Minis l)uying eight lots at §10 
per acre, amounting to $769.75. 

Xo building operations, it seems, l)egan till 1812. On the 7th of 
March of that year, the trustees contracted with Jonathan Mendenhall 
as principal, and William Smith, Samuel Eakin, John R. Shannon and 
Jacob Small sureties, to have made and delivered 140 thousand brick, 
at $4.50 per thousand ; total, $630. 

On the 20th of July, same year, a contract was made with Persifor 
Ta^dor to do the carpenter woi'k for $350; and on the 27th, with J(jn- 
athan Coulter, to do the stone and l)rick work for $498. Grand total, 

Recourse was linally had to the legislature of the state for authority 
to put the academy upon a, legal i)asis as will Iteseen bv the following 
passed in 1813 : 

An act establishing an academy in the Ijorough of Beaver in the county of Beaver. 


Section 1. Be it enacted by the senate and house of representatives of the com- 
monwealth of Pennsylvania, in general assembly met, and it is bereliy enacted by the 
authority of the same, that there shall be, and hereby is established, in the borough of 
Beaver, in the county of Beaver, an academj' or public school, for the education of youth 
in the useful arts, sciences and literature, by the name and style of " The Beaver Acad- 

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted by the authorilyaforesaid, that the trustees are 
hereby authorized to appropriate one thousand dollars of the money, wliich was raised 
by the sale of one mpiety of the land, granted for the use of an academy or public 
school, in the tovra of Beaver, in addition to the thousand dollars heretofore appropri- 
ated, for the purpose of completing the building alread}' commenced, and the procuring 
of books and other necessary apparatvis ; and they shall have full power and authority 
to loan, or vest in some safe productive stock, all the residue of the money which has 
risen or hereafter shall arise, from the sale of the land aforesaid, and apply the proceeds 
thereof, with the rents, issues, and profits of that molet}' of said tract, which 3'et remains 
unsold until the whole shall be disposed of. to the payment of the teacher, and other 
necessary expenditures in, and about, the institution, saving always the said residue or 
principal, after deducting the two thousand dollars aforesaid, for the support of the 
said institution. 

Tlie excitement connected with the war of 1812-15 doubtless 
retarded building operations, and interfered witii tlie establishment of, 
the school practically; for no records of any meeting occur until Feb- 
ruary' 8, 1815, when (Robert Moore, jiresident, and Stimuel Lawrence, 
secretary) it was resolved: (1) Tht^ a school be opened in the acad- 
demy, February 9, 1815, under the direction of David Johnson for tlie 
purpose of teaching the Latin and Greek languages, English gi-ammar, 
geography, etc. (2) That an Englisli school also be opened in the scliool- 
house, to be tauglit by an usher under the direction of David Johnson. 

At the same meeting Jose])ii liem|)hill, James Allison, Dr. Milo 
Adams, Joseph McFerranand Thomas Henry were appointed toe.xamine 
one James Stockman as to his fitness to become such a siiiioidinate 
teticiier. David Joimson was given SriOO per year for the services of 
himself and the teacher of the English school. 

The old academy building thus erected in 1812 near the site of 
the ju'esent Methodist E]iiscopal church, fulfilled its mission, and was 
torn down. On the 28th of January, 1858, the board purclia.--r(l. fur 
academy ])urposes, the " Porter House " (now ^National hotel), the 
stej) having been recommended by M. T. Kennedy, J. II. Wilson, J. H. 
Dickson, J. A. McGilland and J. Murray, committee ajipointed for 
inspection and report. In 1863, the " Porter House" was sold, and 
the fund approj)riated to the erection of a two-story brick structure, 
David Pamsey being superintendent. The cost, including ])rice of lot, 
was $2,(!15.()S. 


On tlie 10th of December, 18fi7. a committee was appointed to 
take steps for closing tlie scliool permanently, and, if advisable, sell the 
property. Nearly ten years later, viz., February 27, 1877, the school 
property was sold at public auction, there being two bidders. Dr. W. 
G. Taylor and John J. Wickham, Esq. Dr. Taylor was the successful 
man, he obtaining the academy grounds and building for |1,800. The 
whole sum realized from the academy propert}', $6,572.37, was then 
turned over to the public school fund by John Caugiiey, Esq. Thus 
terminaftd the Beaver Academy, one of the potent agencies for good 
in the county. 

It may be pro])er to give a list of some of the officers and insti'uct- 
ors of the academ3\ 

Presidents of the board of tr'ustees: Robert Moore, 1815-32; 
James Allison, 1832-35; Eev. Wm. Maclean, 1835-30; Daniel Agnew, 
1841-13, 1850-52; Dr. Oliver Cunningham, 1843-50; Eev. Isaac M. 
Cook, 1852-54; Thomas Cunningham, 1854^57; Dr. Smith Cunning- 
ham, 1857-60; Eev. D. A. Cunningham, 1860-64; Eev. D. H. A. 
McLean, 1864-67; Eev. D. L. Dempsey, 1867-69, 1879; Eev. Dr. J. 
Mui'ray, 1869-70; Eev. D. P. Lowary, 1870-75; Samuel Moorehead, 
1875-77; Eev. D. J. Satterfield, 1877-79. 

Secretaries: Samuel Lawrence, 1815-32; William Allison, 1832-33; 
James Logan, 1833-35, 1843^5; Eobert Darragh, 1835-36; John Pugh, 
1836-38; Wm. McCallister. 1838-39, 1840-43; David Minis, 1839-40 
Hiram Stow, 1845-49; B. C. Critehlow, 1849-52; Benjamin Wilde, 
1852-54; Thomas J. Power, 1854-57; Dr. J. Murray, 1857-60; John 
E.Young. l860-(;3; Henry Hice, 1863-67; J. C." Wilson, 1867-68; 
John Barclay, 1868-70; (Interregnum from 1870 to 1875); J. E. 
Harrah, 1875-77; D. Singleton, 1877-79. 

Instructors: David Johnson, began February 9, 1815. His con- 
tinuance is not known; Miss Helen M. Catlett was a successful 
instructor in the academy 1826-27; Louis B. Williams, salar\' $400 
first year; afterwai'ds f'SOO, 1834-38. Eev. A. O. Patterson, princi- 
pal, 1838; Eev. Lemuel G. Olmstead, teacher 1837-38. A. C. Mc- 
Clelland, principal, 1839-41, salary $500; Eev. Nathaniel Todd, 1841- 
43, principal at $650. S. L. Coulter, principal, began April 1, 1843, at 
a salary of $500 and continued until 1850. January 19, 1844 the 
institution was opened for the reception of girls. T. M. Hill was 
employed as assistant teacher. Wm. Y. Brown, principal, 1850-51. 
Samuel Jones, chosen principal January S, ls52, and P. L. Grim 
assistant. Jones' resignation was accepted November 17, 1852, and 


Rev. Isaac M. Cook was chosen his successor. Ilis assistants were 
James Huston, A. M., Eev. Chas. E. Maclay, A. M., and Miss Juliet E. 
Dook. Mr. Cook's death in 1853 terminated his connection with the 
academy. Rev. J. A. McGill was principal 1854—58. His assistants 
from time to time were — Natlianiel McCormack, L. Grim, Miss Ellen 
Gillis, Miss M. Elliott, J. L. Bitner, Miss Margaret Warnock, A. G. 
"Wilson, Miss Margaret Ledlie, C. W. Mather, Matthew Duff and Miss 
E. Moon. C. W. Mateer, principal February 1, 1858, to October of 
same year. He was succeeded by Simon B. Mercer, principal ft-om that 
date (October 1858) to 1864. During 1862, he was assisted by S. H. 
Piersoh In October, 1861, Rev. W. W. Lafferty was authorized to 
open the " Female Seminary of Beaver Acaileniy," at a salary of 
$200 per year. Rev. D. II. A. McLean and Rev. I). P. Lowary were 
appointed associate principals August 29, 1864. This relation did not 
continue long, for on the 26th of January, 1865, Frank Agnew was 
chosen principal and M. Gantz,' A. M., associate. In August of the 
same year, Agnew I'esigned and was succee<led by his associate, M 
Gantz. He in turn was followed in July, 1866, by Rev. R. T. Taylor, 
who was em]iloyed for five years, taking the institution on his own 
respoiisil)ilitv, the board guaranteeing nothing. The conti-act seems 
not to have been completed; for Xovember 27, 1868, a contract was 
made with Rev. J. W. Martin, who was to take the institution for one 
year. After six months, the contract was annulled, and the last prin- 
cipal, John W. Scott, D.D., LL.D., was elected February 6, 1870. No 
record of his administration is preserved. 

Beaver College and Musical Institute. On the 28th of December, 
1853, was chartered the "Beaver Female Seminary." Its purpose was 
the founding of " a seminary of learning for the education of female 
youths in the ai-ts, sciences and useful literature, under the auspices and 
patronage of the Pittsburgii annual conference of the Methodist Ejjisco- 
])al chui-ch of the United States." 

The charter members were — Rev. Joshua Munroe, R. P. Roberts, 
Rev. J. Keiss Miller, Iliram Stow, Benjamin Adams, "William Henry, 
John Barclay, David Minis, J. J. Anderson, William Itai'nes, John 
Allison, Rev. "W. G. Taylor. William Anderson, .lolin AVest and L. 

The first board of trustees consisted of Joshua Munroe, R. P. Rob- 
erts, Iliram Stow, William G. Taylor, John Murray, Hugh Anderson, 
Benjamin Adams, George W. Allison and David IMinis. 

Bishop Matthew Simpson was deeply interested in the establish- 



ment of the institution, and is said to have been tlie active agent in 
securing the charter. l)i'. 1). L. l)eni})sey was also an early advocate 
and friend of its establishment; in fact, it is claimed that he was one 
of the first to agitate tlie founding of such a scliool. 

At the beginning of its career as a female college, the Ijuilding 
now designated as the boarding hall constituted the college structure. 
It is a brick edifice, 4(1 by 7-1- feet, three stories above the basement. 
In 1873 the chapel and ])resent class-rooms, jitf()rding an additional 
frontage of 100 feet to the i)uildings, were built. The portion used 
for classroom ])urposes is 4<i feet in de[)tli, and stands three stories 
above the basement. The. cha])el has a depth of 74 feet, and is two 
stories in height. The ground on which these buildings stand emb)-aces 
a plat of two acres, the remainder being given as recreation ground for 

The curriculum embraces the studies usually pursued in similar 
institutions, viz: An English course, Latin scientific course, classical 
course and normal course. In ISfio a musical department was added, 
instruction bemw given in all forms of vocal and instrumental science. 
Since then an art tleparlment has also been added, greatly increasing 
the facilities for acquiring a thoi'ough and complete education. 

The first president of the college was Rev. Sheridan Baker. He 
held the ])osition a year and a half, ami i-etired, leaving the |>osition to 
be occupied by Prof. Saniui'l l)aven])ort. Di-. J)aker is still living 
somewliere in Ohio. 

Prof. Daven])ort occu|)icd the |)resideiitial cliaii' about as long as 
did J)i'. Baker. He was al one time editor of the ,l/v///.v, as will be 
seen by reference to the chapter on the Bi'ess. Soon after the war he 
removed to Indiana, where he died some years ago. 

The third and present president is Bev. B. T. Taylor, T).I)., under 
whose earnest and efficient a<lministration the college has attained its 
present ])opular standing. 

The officers of the college from the first to the present have been 
as folhtws: Presidents of board of trustees, Bev. Joshua Munroe, lion. 
Daniel Agnew, Hon. J. F. Dravo; secretaries. B. P. Bobei-ts, M. Wey- 
and, A. S. Moore, Esq.; treasurers, Hon. Benjamin Adams, Thomas 
McCreery, Bev. K. T. Taylor. 

A Female Sem'inanj was oi'ga.nized under the auspices of the 
United Presl)yterian church. Its managers built the structure now 
know as the Bea^'er House. The ])atronage seems to have Iteen in- 
sulficient to keep it moving successfully. In February, ISfil, the 


manager, Rev. John A. ^[c(Till, made an assignment of the property 
to William A. Laird, who ottered it for })iiblic sale. Owing to the ex- 
citement connected with the im))ending secession movements in the 
South, the property was not sold at the time, but was subsequently 
disposed of to private parties, who discontinued its use for school 


The Bank of Be<ivei\ the first commercial institution in lieaver,. 
was organized under the act of 1814; James Allison, president, and 
Samuel Lawrence, cashier. It was a bank both of issue and deposit, 
and continued business foi' a number of years. About 1818, William 
Koljinson and John McNickle of rittsburgh borrowed a large part of 
its funds. They failed, and a judgment against them was ol)tained, 
but was not realized for many years. 

Owing to the advance of property in what is now Allegheny City, 
Robinson was the first to pay a large projiortion. McNickle, who had 
moved to Covington, Ky., was followed: and through the instrumen- 
tality of E. J. Henry, Esq., wlio had located in Cincinnati, some SIO,- 
800 was recovered. This sum and others recovered enabled tlm bank to 
pay its noteholders the ]iriiHM|ial and a, part of the interest on its stock. 

About 1870, the Ijanking tirm of Thomas McCreery cf- Co., was 
organized. It continued until about 1883, when it suspended indefi- 
nitely. Mr. JMcCreery has since died. 

In 1872 the Beaver Deposit Bank (not incorporated) was estab- 
lished by M. S. Quay, J. S. Rutan, Dr. David McKinney and J. R. 
Harrah. The proprietorship has changed so that at present it con- 
sists of J. R. Ilarrah, S. B. Wilson and Stephen P. Stone. The officers 
are— President, S. B. Wilson; cashier, J. R. Ilarrah; assistant cashier, 
Stephen P. Stone. Its ca]iital stock is $25,000. The bank moved 
into the present brick structure in July, 1887. 


In a-dtlition to what is presentetl under the head of borough ad- 
ministration concerning the early elTorts to supply the town with 
Avater, a brief account* of the jtresent water works is appended. The 
contract for their construction was let September 18, ISSii ; W. S. 
Watson, contractor. They were completed December IS, 1886. 

The source of supply is a filter gallery, sixty feet long, and four 

by five feet in the clear, sunk in the gravel of the ^Ohio river, and 

*Tbese facts were furnished by E. N. Bigger, Esq., a member of the town council- 


four feet below the level of extreme low water The side walls are of 
masonry, and it is arched os'er with brick, laid in hydraulic cement. 
From this g'allerv the water is lifted to the iiuni|). a height of sixteen 
feet, and from thence forced through the force-main to the reservoir on 
the hill l)ack of the town, a distance of 4,550 feet, and an elevation of 
about 18(1 feet above the pump. From the reservoir the water is con- 
ducted over town by distrilniting mains. The pump used is a Worth- 
ington duplex steam |)ump, and the capacity of the works is 200 
gallons per minute. Tlie works are owned by the borough, and the 
water furnishecVto the citizens is fi'eeof any water tax. The cost was 
§5,018.38, exclusive of roservoii's and distriliuting mains. 


Early in tlie history of the town, one of the j)ulilic squares in the 
northwest ])art of the borough began to be used as a place of inter- 
ment. It contains the dust of many of the aged and venerable men 
and women who have lived and died in the community, and represents 
a volume of history. It had become so crowded that the necessity for 
anew burial site was strongly felt in the community. This feeling led 
to the founding of the Beaver Ccmderij. 

In the latter part of Decemlier, 18(i4. a. iiieeting was lield at the 
sheriff's ottice, at which Hiram Stowe, Esq., was chairman, and Henry 
Ilice, secretary. At that meeting M. Darragh,(Teorge Hamilton, John 
Caughey and Rev. I). P. Lowary were appointed to ascertain where 
and on what terms suitable grounds might be secured for the ])urpose. 
In their report at a sul)se(jttent meeting they suggested that academy 
lots Nos. 38 to 44 inc'lusive, agii'reuating about twentv six acres and 
lying immediately west of the iiorough limits, could l>e ]iiu-chasetl foi' 
85,1(00. Their report was accepteil, and the })ropei'ty Ijouglit. At the 
March term. 18<'>5, the court granted a cliarter of incorporation, the 
names of the incor[ioi'ators being as follows: 

SamiU!l B. Freacli, .lolin Miy, I). M, Duielioo, D.iniel Agnew, .]ohn Barclay, 
.Tames Porter, I. N. Atkius, D L. Imbrie, Thomas McCreery. AVilliam Davidson, Sr., 
TbomasStolses, A C. Hurbt, James Darragli, Gtorjif W, Hanjillon, D. II. A. jMcLeaii, 
H. Hice, N. J. Mc(.'oriuifk, ^Villiam Barclay. .1. C. ^Vil.son, Samuel B. Wilson, JI. Dar- 
ragh, Hu'.ili Anderson, William Davidson, .Tr.. .Tolin Sharp, Hiram Stowe, Scndder H. 
Darragh, Robert Darragh, .John Murray, William Co.x, Charles B. Hurst, David Minis, 
Samuel Ecoft, Amelia Blake, William (i. Wolf, James 11. Dunlap. Thomas J. David- 
son, Benjamin .\.dams, R. T. Taylor. William Henry, Johnson Small. Jolin V. !McDon- 
ald and James McConnell. 

The first board of officers elected consisted of Dr. J(jhn Murrav, 


president, Henn' Hice, secretary, and (reorge Hamilton, treasurer. It 
was dedicated with appropriate ceremonies August 15, 1806. 


>St. James Lodge, No. ^57, F. & A. M., was instituted in isTo by 
James Herdman, president of the Dollar Savings Bank of Pittsburgh, 
deputy grand master. Its charter members consisted of S. B. Wilson, 
S. B. French, George W. Hamilton, J. W. Hum and J. Morton Hall. 
In the election of officers, honors were distributed as follows: S. B. 
Wilson, W. M.; S. B. French, S. W.; George Hamilton, J. W.; J. W. 
Hum, treasurer; J. Morton Hall, secretary. The first hall was situated 
in the Quay building, which was burned to ashes in Marcii, 1874. The 
large property, including its records, was all destroyed. The records 
of the original St. James Lodge, established about 1S12, were also 
destroyed— a loss of great signiticance. Of this ancient lodge, James 
Allison, James Lyon, John II. Shannon, Samuel McClure, Junatlian 
Coulter and other leading spirits were members. 

Of that old lodge, the jewels were deposited with ^Irs. Samuel 
McClure for safe keeping. About 1S4;», she entrusted them in the 
kee|)ing of tlie Eochester Lodge, by which they were preserved with 
the old records until the new St. James Lodge was estaljlished. At 
that time they were passed over, and were subsequently destroyed in 
the fire referred to 

The present corps of officers embi-aees — J. M. Buchanan, W. M; 

A. W. McCoy. S. A¥; Fowler, J. W; Edward Allison, secretary; 

Dr. U. S. Sti'ouss, treasurer. 

The time of meeting is the Thursday evening preceding the full 
moon of each montli. Its lodge is a good one, in the Quay building. 
The membership is lifty. 

Occidental Lodge, No. 720, L. O. 0. F., was chartered August 8, 
187U. Its organization to(jk place September 8, 1870, the officers being 
D. Woodruff, D. D. G. M. The charter members were— A. G. White, 
Samuel Johnson, S. J. Johnson. Dr. J. S. McNutt, Albert Paissell, 
J. H. McCreary, James Fogg, David Shumaker, J. S. PiUtan, Dr. David 
McKinney, Hiram Manor, John E. Ilarton, Adam Stone, \\\\\. Dunn, 
.lolm Moore, Madison Moore, Fred Merriman, John F. Dravo, Jona- 
than Dobbs and John Niblo. The Hrst corps of officers end^raced 
A. G. White, N". G; Samuel Johnson, V. G.; J. H. McCreary, secretary; 
Albert Russell, assistant secretary; William Dunn, treasurer. 

In March, 1874. the Quay building was destroyed by fire, by which 


tlie lodge sustained the loss of all its fui'iiiture and regalia, and a part 
ol:' its books. This was a valuable saving, as it preserved the only means 
of ascertaining the financial standing of the mendiers. A new ciiarter 
was obtained, and the invitation of Beaver Lodge, No. 30(>, at Bridge- 
water to use their hall until a new one could be secured, was accejited. 
The Quay l)lock having been rebuilt, a permanent hall was provided, 
which is now in use by the lodge. 

The present corps of officers consists of William J. Bennett, IST. G.; 
David E. Weyand, V. G.; W. F. P'arr, secretary; David May, assistant 
secretary; James Fogg, treasurer. The membership at present (August, 
1887,) is fifty-five, and is in a- prosperous condition. 

/leaver Post, JVo. 473, G. A. li., was organized March li>, iss,"), 
with these charter members — Andrew G. AVhite, Isaac Minor. Henry 
Edwards, John D. Irons, Jolin McCullough, Moses B. Sloan. Sanmcl 
Ilanulton, IIe)irv E. Cook, Darius Singleton, Elliott W. McGinnis, John 
E. Ilarton, Thomas Glark, John Rising, Joseph W. Miller, James Crooks, 
James Fogg. Geo. W. Johnson, Jaeoi) Weyand, Samuel D. Swanev, 
Washington D. Tallon. Marciiis C. Ilarton. C^hristie Craner and James 
IT. Cunningham. 

First Officers: A. G. White, post commander; Samuel Ibuiiihon, 
S. \. C; John E. Ilarton, J. V. C; James Crooks, Q. M.; M. B. Sloan, 
clia plain; J. W. Miller, secretary; Thomas Clark, O. G.; G. W. Johnston, 
Q. M. S.; John Rising, adjutant; James Fogg, S. M. 

Present corps: John E. Ilarton, P.O.; Thomas Clark. S.V.C; 
Isaac ]\nnoi-. J. V. C; Moses B. Sloan, Q. M.; Andrew G. AVhite. sur- 
geon; Darius Singleton, chaplain; James Fogg, O. D.; MarciusC. liar 
ton. O. G.; James Irons, S. M.; John Rising, Q. M S. 

Woman s Christian. Temperance Union was established in Beavei', 
in November, 1881, the organization having been effected in the Pres- 
byterian church by Mrs. Frances L. Swift, state president, Alleghenv. 
Of the sixty-seven members who constituted the organization. Mrs. 
Rev. D. J. Satterfield was chosen president; she has been succeeded by 
Mrs. AY. A. Eadie and Mrs. J. L. Anderson. The secretaries have been 
Miss L. C. Wilson, Miss.E. Allison, and Mrs. A. S. Moore. Mrs. E. M. 
AVilkinson has served as treasurer. For five years these ladies remon- 
strated against the granting of license to a certain hotel in a neighbor- 
ing borough, and finally succeeded in their purpose. The membership 
at ])resent (1887) is fifty-four. The annual ex])enses amount to $52.39. 
The condition of the union is favorable. 

The Young Woman s Christian Temperance Unimi, the outgrowth 


of tlie preceding, was organized in August, 1SS4-. by Mrs. William Pat- 
ten, .state siipei'intendeiit. The original members embraced Misses 
Maggie Gamble, Mattie (Tamljle, Emma Siiaiff'er, Satira Sliaiffer. Car- 
rie Taylor, Julia Taylor, Anna Shaw, Cordelia Griffin, J.ida Patttn'son, 
Eva Patterson, Minnie Ackley, Mary E. Scroggs, Rena Singleton, and 
Mary C. Iiar|)er. Tiie officers are — Presi<lent, Miss Mary C. Harper; 
vice-president. Miss Pena kSingleton; corresponding secretary. Miss. M. 
E. Scroggs; recording secretary, Satira Shaiffer; treasurer, Miss Emma 
Sliaiffer. The purpose of this organization is thus expi-essed by its 
president: " To advance the cause of temperance, by agitation and 
education, through disti'ibution of literature, lectures, etc.; also, to woi'U 
for social purity and kindred reforms." It has about seventy- five mem- 
bers. The annual expenses are §50. The condition of the union is 
represented as good. 


Beaver has al ways been noted for the interest taken in its chui'ches. 
It has become the permanent home of many I'etired and active preach- 
ers; for which as well as other reasons it has become known as the 
'• Saints" Rest." We give below a view of its church history, commenc- 
ing with the jiioneer organization. 

I'n'sJtijterian Church of Beaver. The origin of this congregation 
is involved in doubt. That mend)ei's of the denomination lived in the 
settlement as early as 1796 is vei'v jn'obable, and that tlicy sought the 
means of I'eligious instruction, from the first, is moi-e than likely. No 
traces of an oi'ganization. however, can be found at this early date. 
As earl\' as 1 799, l^eaver Town apju'ars on the reecirds of the Presbytery 
of Ohio, to which the tei-ritory then belonged, as an applicant for miji- 
pUes, and so on for a year. In Ajiril, 1802, the Presbytery of Erie was 
formed, embracing the settlements north and northwest of the Ohio 
and AUegluMiy rivers. The Beaver congregation was included. In 
1808 Erie Presbyteiw was divided, and the ])art including Beaver was 
assigned to the Hartford Presbytery. On the third Sunday of April, 
1810, Rev. James Satterfield preached at Beaver. On the 31st of 
August, 1813, however, the first regular pastor. Rev. Ezekiel Glas- 
gow, was installed. On that occasion the sermon was delivered by 
Rev. Nathan 15. Derrow, and the charge was presented by Rev. Thos. 
E. Hughes. The pastorate of Mr. (ilasgow was brief, as will be 
learned from the epitaph on his tond) in Beaver: "Saere<l to the 
memory of Rev. Ezekiel Glasgow, past(jr <il the congregations of Bea- 


ver ;uul Saleiu, who departed tliis life tlie 23d day of Api'il, 1814, in 
the 2yth year of his age." 

In the early days of the congregation, meetings seem to have 
been held in the gnjve anti at private iiouses till the courthouse was 
conijileted in isld, when it hecanie a place of ]n'eaching for ail denom- 
inations. With tiie exception of sup])lies at irregular times, the con- 
gregation was without a pastor from the death of Mr. Glasgow till the 
first Sunday in May, 1823. when, accoi'ding to the records, "Ilev. Will- 
iam Maclean undertook the pastoral charge of the church and congre- 
gation " At that date tlie mendjerslii]) was tiiirty eight, the ruling 
elders being James Jackson, Andrew Jackson, David Johnson antl 
William Anderson. From the time of his call to the time of his 
installation, which occurred April 6, 1824, the membei'ship was 
increased by various accessions from thirty-eight to ninety. Jn 1831 
the number of communicants is reported to have been 213. During 
the pastorate of Mr. Maclean, which continued till the l2th of Januiiry, 
1836, a house of worship was erected — ])r()baJ)ly in 1825; foi' in i\Iarch, 
1824, an act of the legislature authorized the congregation to erect a 
house of worship on southeast public square, and to enclose a yard not 
exceeding one fourth of an acre. The walls of that house still stand, 
but the structure has undergone many changes. 

In M;iy, 1830, Rev. A. O. Patterson became pastor, and continued 
in that relation till June, 1839. During this period seventy-six addi- 
tions were made to the congregation; and dui'ing this jjei'iod (1837) 
occurred the death of David Johnson, first protlionatory of the county, 
a prominent teacher, and one of the original elders of the congre- 
gation. Fixini June, 1839, to November, 184U, the jxistorate was 
vacant, there l)eing occasional preaching by Rev. D. X. Junkin, Rev. 
James Sattertield and other's. At the latter date. Rev. A. I!. Quay 
began his ])asti>i'al ]ali<ii-s, and with the exceptinn of a few months 
given as agent to tlie general assend)ly's l)oai'd of education in the 
early part of 1842, continued in such labor until February, 1842, when 
he resigned to acce]it a.n appointment from the board of foi'cign mis- 
sions. He labored in different religious and iihilantliro])ic fields till the 
time of his death in Reaver in lS.j(!. For a period of about three yeai's 
and a iudf following the retirement of Mr. Quav, the cliurch was with- 
out a regulai' ])astor. It was a period of " bickering and strife and dis- 
sension, resulting ultimately in permanent division." AVithout attempt- 
ing to chronicle all the events of this controversy, we may state that, 
contraiy to tlie judgment of a ]iart of the eldci'slii]) and nuMiibcrslii]), 


tlie iiiajoritv of the congregation desired the pastoral services of Rev. 
Isaac M. Cook, as opposed to those of Rev. John M. Lowrie. This 
rivalrv liualiy resulted in tUvision of the congregation, four elders and 
eighty-one members being dismissed January 23, 1845, to unite with a 
congreijation about to be organized at Bridtjewater. The retirinir 
elders were James Jaclcson, Jolin Carothers, David Eakin and Jolin 

The Beaver cliuieh shortly after the witlidrawal mentioned con- 
sisted of two elders i^one being Tiionias Henry) ami sixty-nine mem- 
bers. In September following. Rev. H. C. Critchlow, Grier McWill- 
iams and Joshua Logan were addrd to the session, the lirst being 
j)astor and UKxlerator. Mr. Clritchlow continued as pastor till April 5, 
1852, when he resigned to devote his whole time to the church at 
New Brighton, to wliicli he had been giving luilf of his labors. In 
.July, 1852, Rev. W. (1. Taylor was chosen- pastor, and regularly 
installed May 5, 1853. Tins relationship continued till September, 
1856, when at his own rccpicst the ]>astor was released. From 1856 till 
May, 18G2, the eliarge was vacant, e.xcejit the supjily furnished by Rev. 
J. F. Mcl'laren, who preached every other Sunday. September 7, 
1862, Rev. Dr. P. Lowary Jjegan a sup])ly work, and through varying 
successes laboretl as pastor till death removed him from earthly con- 
flicts, March 31, 1873. On the Sunday following this death. Rev. P. 
J. Satterfield, preached, and on May 5th, was regularly employed at 
a salary of $1,000 i)er year. With great acceptance he labored for 
the congregation till he resigned, June 28, 1885. 

Method/M Episcopal Churc/t. From Judge Agnew, M. AVeyand, 
and others the following facts concerning this congregation are 

The tirst effort to establish Methodism in P>(!aA-er county was made 
by Rev. John Swazey, generally known as "Father Swazey," in the 
Coulter House, kept by Jonathan Coulter, once sheritt' of the county. 
This occurred about 1821. The members of the church at that early 
day were ilrs. Robert Moore, Mrs. Katherine Gibbs, Mrs. Mary Somers, 
William Adams, Benjamin Adams, Robert Darragh, Dr. ]\[iIo Adams, 
Joseph Vera, John T. Miller, George Hinds and others. 

The act of the assembly aixthorizing the erection of a church 
edifice on the public stjuare is dated A})ril 10, 1826; and tlie names of 
those empowered to act under it were Benjamin Adams, Robert 
Darragh, Milo Adams, Joseph Vera and John T. Miller. The first 
building was erectetl in 1829-30. It was a brick structure, one [story 


in height, about -iS by 60 feet. It was a plain biiikling as to expense. 
It served tiie purposes of the congregation till 1S71, when the present 
structure, a twci-storv brick 60 by So, was erected at a cost of !fr7,000. 
It was dedicated June 23, 1872, Bishop Matthew Simpson preaching 
the morning disconi'se, and Dr. Newman, chaplain United .States Senate, 
delivering the evening discourse, when the remaining debt of $300 was 

Among the early preachers were Revs. Charles Cook, D.D. (wlio is 
said to have organized the congregation about 1825), Holt, George 
S. Holmes, Samuel Adams, M.D., Josiah Adams, N. Callender and Z. 
H. Coston. From 1838 to Octol)er, 1887, the list is as follows, the 
figures refei'ring to number of years' service: 

Joslnia Monroe. 1; Abner Jackson, 1; Jeremiah Knox, 1; WiUiam 
Stevens, 2; J. M. Brady. 2; Warner Long, 2; D. L. Dempsey, 2; E. G. 
Nicholson, 1; J. W. F. Aukl, 1; Hamilton Cree, 2; George S. Holmes, 
1; Josiah Dillon, 2; Josiah Gil)son, 1; Thomas McCleery, 2; S. M. 
Hickman, 1; :\I. L. Weekly, 2; T. Davidson, 1; H. W. Baker, 1; S. 
Burt, 3; W. H. Locke, 3; J. S. Bracken, 2; James Hollingshead, 1; 
William Lynch, 3; Hiram Miller, 3; I. A. Pearce, 2; E. B. Mansell, 3; 
W. B. Watkins, 3. 

Roman CathoUe Chureh (SS. Peter and Paul) is situated on the 
line between Beaver and Bridgewater. Concerning its history little 
could be ascertained beyond what is found in the following announce- 
ments. Iw ihe l>etii<ieratii'Wiii<']nii(iii o'i ':^iiYi(ni\\)eY IS, 183,), appears 
this appeal: 


Owing to the generosity of an enlightened and liberal Protestant, J. W. Hemp- 
bill, of Bridgewater, giving a lot of ground to build a Catholic church in vicinity, 
we, the undersigned, have offered a subscription and hnjio that the Catholics of Btaver 
county and elsewhere will not lose this favorable opportunity of providing a place of 
divine worship for themselves and their post rity, but will step forward and contribute 
as much as they can afford so as to erect a convenient and respectitble building for that 
purpose . 

We hope our Protestant fellow-citizens will assist us in this charitabh' and Chris- 
tian undertaking. 

H. McGuiRE, 
M. O'Byhne, 

J. C. JIlUPItY. 

Tiie response must liave been (piite generous, for the little frame 
house now used was dedicatetl in due time. Witness the appended: 


The Uoman Catholic Bishop Kendrick, of Philadelphia, will be in Bridgewater 


29lh insl.. to dedicate the new church in that town. There will be a sermon preached 
on that occasion, and a subscription to aid in paying expenses of building the church. 

H. McGuiRE, 

>I. O'Byrnb. y.Buildimi Committee. 

:M. Bl.EAK, I 

J. C. Miiu'iiY, J 
June 20. ISST. 

United Presbyterian Church* of Becwer. This congregation of 
relio-iotts worshipers ^vas organized in 1853, through the efforts of Ivcv. 
J A jMcGill. It was regukirly chartered under the laws of the state 
oil the mtii June, 1868, tlie following names being attached to the 
application: J. C. Wilson, James Crawford, W. Myers, T. S.nith Stokes, 
D L Imbrie, A. M. Mtihan, Jtinies Ramsey, Wdham A\ allace, K. b. 
Imbrie E M. Thomas and II. R. Ilerford. The present brick edifice was 
erected in 1861, at an expense of |3,0(.0. It is a pleasant room, 
favorably situated on Main street. The average pastorate has num- 
bered about five years. 

The foUowino- ministers have served in the pastorate: Rev. J. A. 
McGill. 18.53-60; Rev. I). H. A. McLean, 1861-67; Rev. J. C. Wdson, 
1868-71; Rev. J. A. Wilson, 1872-75; Rev. J. D. Sands, 1876-79; Rev. 
W \ Edie, 1880-87. Tiie last named gentlemen joinetl the Presbyte- 
rians in 1887, and was at once given a charge. Rev. W. S. Harper is at 
present acting as the pastor, and will continue to do so, thoitgh not yet 
reo-ularlv installed. The membership is some two hundred. 1 he 
congreo;tion is in good working condition. Its growth must be grad- 
ual, as a matter of course. 


As detailed in a previous part of this ciiapter, Beaver Academy 
seemed to absorb the greater part of attention on the part of the people 
of the place. 

As early as 1835 the Beaver school district was formed, including 
Beaver, Vanport, Bridgewater and Sharon. The first board of directors 
was chosen in 1835. In 1837 preparations began to be made lor the 
erection of two one-story buildings, wliich was done the foUowmg year. 
Thev were used until replaced by the present large one, which was 
erected, against a most determined opposition, m 1861. The directors 
were requested to resign, but they resi^ectfully declined, and completed 
their building. Now people rise up and call their memory blessed 
because they did therigMthing^under^hed^ ^ 

*Facts furnished by D. A. Nelson, Esq., clerk of the church. 



The ])i)Stoifice \v;is lirst CHlled Beaver Town, whicli name it main- 
tained until 1829, when it was elianged to lieaver The postmasters 
who served Irom the fii'st, with dates of appointment, are eml)raced in 
the following list: 

James .Vlexander, January 1, 1802; Joseph HiiinpLill, July 1, 1803; James Alexan. 
der, April 9, 1804; John C. AVeiser, January 1, 1816; James Alexander, June 11, 1818; 
Andrew Logan, April 34, 1832; Charles Carter, May 28, 1838; Jaraes Lyon, June 1, 1841; 
Elvira D. Carter, December 27, 185.j; Miss Margaret J. Anderson, July 23, 1861; Mrs. 
S. J. MoGafBck, November 1. 1S66; Aliss M. A. McGafflck, January 28, 1867; Mrs. 
S)pliia C. Iliyes. February 12, 1S68; Miss M. A. JIcGafflck, February 15, 186!); Miss 
N. B. Imbric, j\Iarch 19, 1875; Mary E. Imbrie, January 29, 1883; Daniel M. Donehoo, 
Marcli 17, 18S7. 


Tlie ])oj)alation of tlie borough by the census of ISSO was 1278» 
For sketch of tlie celebrated Fort Mcintosh, see page 87, Cha]iter III 



Location and Importance — General Broadhead's Landed Interest — 
Change of Name — Business Condition in IS-il — Old Brighton 
Laid Out — Incorporation — Postmasters — Education — Churches 
— Societies — Manufacturing — Banks — Street Railway. 

THIS thriftv borough, which the editor of " Hazartrs Register " for 
September, 1831, predicted would be, in a few years, the Manchester 
q/" ^»imc«, is comparatively new as a corporation. Its superior loca- 
tion on the west bank of Big Beaver, about four miles from its mouth; 
its superior water-power and railroad facilities; and, withal, the active 
impulse given to its enterprises by its first settlers — which has not been 
sacrificed by their worthy successors — have made it the metrojiolis of 
Beaver county, and the mercantile emporium of Beaver valley. 

As early as the revolutionary war this region attracted the atten- 
tion of those interested in good sites for residences or manufacturing 
purposes. Tlie lands on which the borough is located were patented by 
General Daniel Broadhead, who succeeded General Lachlan Mcintosh 
in command of the Western Department, with headquarters at Fort Pitt. 
This occurred in 1779. A resident for a time of Lancaster in the 
eastern part of the state where water privileges were highly appreci- 
ated, and located afterward at the foi'ks of the Ohio from which he could 
readilv investigate the claims of the various landed interests in his re- 
gion, he was prepared to act intelligently so soon as tiie lands in this 
region were opened up. 

On the 12th of March, 1793, the legislature of Pennsylvania jiassed 
the law opening up for sale and settlement the lands lying north of 
the Ohio and west of the Allegheny rivers. General Broadhead at once 
applied for a Avarrant for two tracts of 400 acres each, embracing the 
" black walnut bottoms," the land upon which the future metropolis 
Avas laid out. He had this tract regularly entered, surveyed and paid 
for, and intended to open a settlement. Before this could be consum- 



mated, the destructive and terrible Indian war in the Northwest broke 
out, preventing all settlements. The lands lay in their wild state until 
the close of the war, which was effected by the treaty of Greenville in 
1795. The ravages of this war and his advancing age prevented the 
general from making personal settlement. 

In August, 1801,* this desirable tract was sold by General Broad- 
head to David Hoopes, a resident of Chester county, Pa., for the use of 
the firm of Messrs. Hoopes, Townsend & Co., who intended, at once, to 
utilize the superior water-jiower afPordetl by the site. At this time 
there were three general divisions of the Falls of Beaver: 

The Vppe?- Falls, owned by Dr. Samuel Adams, an early settler 
and a prominent citizen wiiose descendants were leading spirits in the 
future developments of the county. Few early enterprises were re- 
garded assured without the cooperation of his son, Dr. Milo Adams. 
Dr. Sanuiel Adams owned and managed a sa\\nnill at his site. 

The Middle Falls, owned by David Hoopes, who, with the aid of 
Townsend & Co. as partners in the firm of Hoopes, Townsend & Co., 
erected a sawmill. In a siiort time this was burned down, but a new 
one. Phoenix-like, sprang from its ashes ; afterwards it was increased 
by the addition of a flouring mill, the second of the kind in the valley. 
Not long thereafter the company began the erection of a forge on the 
river a short distance above the mills ; but before the work was com- 
pleted, the whole property came into the possession of Isaac Wilson, 
the transfer being made in 1805. This forge was completed in 1806, 
and began to be operatetl. Mr. Wilson built also a charcoal furnace, 
but, prior to its completion, he had sold a half interest in the entire 
plant to Messrs. Barker & Gregg for $10,000, the sale being consum- 
mated September 13, 1808, and the new firm being known as Isaac 
Wilson & Co. 

Tlie Lower Falls, owned by David Townsend, Benjamin Townsend, 
Evan & John Pugh, and Benjamin Sharpless, an account of which will 
be found in connection with tlie borongiis of Fallston and New Brighton. 

Toward the close of the year 1808 the firm of Wilson, Barker & 
Gregg had completed their blast furnace, and for several years engaged 
actively in making pigs, stoves, hcjllow ware, etc. In April, 1812, 
Messrs. Barker & Gregg purchased from Mr. Wilson the other half 
interest in the plant for $15,000. Some time after 1812 Frederick 
Eapp of the Harmony Society endeavored to purchase this entire plant, 

*Edward Hoopes of New Brighton says : " In 1799 or 1800 David Hoopes located 
as tlie s\iccessor of the constables who bad laid out a town and named it Brighton in 
honor of a town of the same name in Enghuxl. 


with the improvements m;nle, for $.32,00ti, but was unsuccessful. It 
Ciime, liowever, into possession of Oliver Ormsby, of Allegheny county, 
who continued all the business operations briskly under the supervision 
of James Glenn and Colonel John Dickey, until 1818. Owing to the 
general prostration of business, resulting from the war of 1812, these 
works and the consequent growth of the town were much impaired. 

Brighton, as the place was then called, showed none of the evidences 
of thrift which characterize the present active city of Beaver Falls. 
Timber had become comparatively scarce, and so expensive as to prevent 
the making of charcoal at a pi'ice which would justify com])etition with 
the furnaces along the Allegheny river Avhere pine timber was abun- 
dant. At that early period none of the furnaces had begun to use bitu- 
minous coal. Under these circumstances l)usiness was depressed, and 
suspension occurred. 

Tn 1829 .Tames Pattei-son, of Philadel])liia, 1)ut recently fron\ Eng- 
land, was making a tour of "Westei'u Pennsylvania with a view to 
locating for manufacturing j'^^i'poses. Having learned that the 
Brighton ])roperty was in the market, he visited the place to investi- 
gate its claims. The same year he made the purchase of Mr. Ormsby 
of some 1,300 acres, and began at once to rebuild its shattered fortunes. 
The revival of business was insti'umental in circulating vast sums of 
money throughout the country in exchange for wdieat, \vool, etc. A 
coadjutor with Mr. Patterson in giving life to the new town was 
Archibald Robertson, who in 1831 erected a paper mill which ran suc- 
cessfully for a number of years, makingan excellent quality of ])rinting 
and wall paper, and giving employment to a large numljer of hands. 
Finally a part of the mill was burned, which crip]jled its efficiency 
sonrewhat. In 18-19 Mr. Robertson estal)lished another paper mill in 
the up])er portion of the town, which has had a jirosperous existence. 
It is the one which in 1870 was under the management of Messrs. 
Frazier, Metzgef & Co. In this connection we desire to let ]\[r. Patter- 
son tell his own story, which he does in the third person : 

Mr. Patterson had great difficult)- in consummating tlie purchase with Mr. Ormsby 
in consequence of he [sic] and the other owners of General Broadhead's title to the land 
having piled up a bill of |10,000 damages against the General for moneys they had been 
obliged to pay to those in possession, for wood, ores, land, etc., which they held against the 
balance due the General for the original purchase from him, he not having given them 
possession as he was bound to have done. The General's heirs would not make deed with- 
out this balance being paid to them. Mr. Patterson, to avoid law suits and trouble, 
agreed tlnally to pay the balance due the heirs of General Broadhead. Xotwitbstanding 
all this he was destined to contend at law, through many vexatious, costly and damag- 
ing law suits, to make good his titles and become free from his opponents, who were 
many and influential. 


Tlie suits which General Broadhead was compelled to institute in 
the United States district court in Philadelphia in 1812 to maintain 
his rights in certain disputes arismg concerning parts of the two tracts 
sold by him in 1801 to David Hoopes & Co., terminated in his favor, 
and he was empowered to dispossess the occupants of the lands in ques- 
tion. The matter, however, was finally detei'mined until ISfiH or 1866, 
when tlie United States supreme court in banc decided the last of 
them in favor of James Patterson. "These suits," says Mr. Patterson, 
"were costly and most vexatious, and very injurious to tlie best inter- 
ests of the county, and were prosecuted, not by the original settlers or 
claimants, but In' neighboring proprietors, who, while ini]iroving their 
own pi'operties, were tempted to disreganl 'party lines ' in doing so owing 
to the absence and neglect of the owner of the Brighton estate." 

Mr. Patterson seems to iiave expended much of his means and 
energy in ])erfecting his title to the property he had secured. This was, 
as has been intimated, a detriment to the community, the growth and 
prosperity being necessarily impaired. He was natui'ally desirous to 
make the most possilile of his possessions, and consequently was con- 
stantly on the alert for an advantageous disposal of it. AVlien after 
the destruction of the arsenal at Harper's Ferry, in 1861, the project 
of establishing a National Armory somewhere in tlie West was con- 
templated by congress, the claims of Brighton were strongly urged; 
but to no purjiose. Pock Island, 111., being the favoi'ed spot. Con- 
tinues Mr. Patterson in the historical sketch from which we have 
already made sevei-al extracts : " Having failed in his last effort to 
make sale of the Avliole property to the United States Government for 
an armory and foundry for big cannon, Mr. Patterson suiTendered the 
property to the Harmony Society (about 1866), who undertook the 
task of inducing private parties to buy, by retail, l<.)ts for dwellings, 
water lots for mills, etc. They revised tlie ])lot of Brighton, very 
much enlarging it, extending along the Beaver nearly if not quite 
three miles, over ground reiiiai-kal)ly well suited by nature for a, town 
or city, and clianged its name from Brighton to that of Beaver Falls. 
One reason for tiiis change was that the jilace had been known liy the 
name of Beaver Falls in the county in its earliest days; and a,nother 
reason that Xew Brigiiton, having under tlie influences of the canal 
passing through it. and afterwards by llie Ohio & Pennsylvania Ilail- 
road stopping in it. and ])assing througii its streets and much favoi'ing 
it, '^V('\v much largei' than ^Brigiiton,' and people were in tin' liabit of 
dro[)[)ing the '•Netr'' and calling their town ' Brighton," and calling 


Brigliton proper ' Old JJcighton.' This made confusion, and people 
were Avilling to adopt a new name for which tiiei'e could lie no other 
claimant, at least in the county." 

"Harris' General Business Director}' " for 1841 gives the following 
exhibit of the place : 

The two leading mumifacturing interests, it may well be inferred, were those of 
Patterson and Robertson . Patterson's flouring mill was capable of turning out 200 barrels 
of flour per day. The flour was of superior quality, being adjudged in Philadelphia, 
whither it was principally shipped, equal to the best Gencssce brand. During the nari. 
gable season three boats were in demand to supply the necessary quantity of wheat. 
The mill required six hands, and the shops gave employment to sixteen coopers. 

The cotton mill under Jlr. Patterson's direction employed thirty-five hands, and 
yielded 3,000 pounds of yarn per week. 

The steam paper mill owned by .'Vrcliibald Robertson re(|uired four engines. Con- 
nected with it was a staining establishment, which gave employment to ten families. 

The school directors of the town were— Robert Calhoun, .John Baker, Thomas 
D. Wells, James M. Gregg, James Patterson and A. Robertson. 

The various industries were thus represented : 

Laliurers — David Ames, Jeremiah Maid, Emory Maloy. . . . Milhrright — James B. 
Angel. . . . Paper m<(kers — John Baker, James C. Fulton, James Roberts, H. Woods, 
Jessie Zeiglcr. . . . //(;(to;(';)€7'.<i— Luke Bland, Widow Sutlilf. . . . Blacksmiths— DaViA 
Boiles, William J. King. . . . Farmers — John Boiles, Robert McGaughey. 

Engineers — William Carter, Daniel Loomis. . . . Carpenters — Robert Calhoun, 
Joseph Reeves. . . . Calico pn'rater— William Clayton. . . . Clerks— 5. K. Dean, C. H. 
Gould, William Harrison. . . . Coal diggers — Charles Day, Nathan Dillon. 

Machinists— iamca M. Greig and James Wilson. . . . Canal-boat captain — 
George Hemphill. . . . 7anner—3obn R. Hoopes. . . . Foreman Jloxiring mill — H. Hug- 
gins. . . . Sign painter — Samuel Kennedy. . . . Cabinet makers — Horatio Large, 
Henry Sims, Sr., Henry Sims, Jr. . . . Forgemen — John Martin, James Richards. 

Tailors — Ephraim Jlartin, William Wallace. . . . Brick-maker — Robert Jloflitt. 

Teamsters — Joseph Jlahaffee, John Jlurrell — Coopir — Peter W. Maltby. 

Foreman cotton factory — Andrew Nelson. . . . Storekeeper and flour merchant — 
James Patterson. . . . Shoemaker — William B. Platte. . . . Wheat agent — Ira Ransom. 

Paper mill owner — Alexander Robertson. . . . Soap manufacturer — Isaac Warren. 

Saddler— David Whitla. 

IJrigiiton, as it -was usually known in those days to distinguish 
it from " Old Brighton,'' was laid out by James Patterson July 4, 1849, 
and the plan acknowledged before William Eicliardson, J. P., on the 
4th of the ensuing August. The names of the streets commencing 
with the river were — Water, Front and Seconti; those running at an 
angle of forty-five degrees with the foregoing — Tank, Main and Cedar; 
those at right angle with the latter — Factory, Mill, Pace, ]\lulberry, 
Linden and Oak. 

At the September session of court in 1868 application was made 
for incorporation as the '' Borough of Beaver Falls '" under the act of 



April 3, 1S51. Tlie decree wasgranted November 9, ISOS, wliich marks 
the date of the birth of the corporation. Tlie tii-st election was held 
the second Tuesday of January, 1800. Judge of election was James 
Patterson; tiie inspectors, John Sterling and Thomas Noble. 

The first postoffice was known as Brighton, and continued from 
1S18 to April 22, 1857, when it was discontinued. The postmasters 
during this period, with dates of a])pointment\vere — John Dickey, April 
11, 1S18; David Iloopes, May 17, 1821; James Patterson, December 26, 
1832; Archibald Robertson, February 8, 18-13; Matthew 11. Pu)l)ertson, 
December 19, 1850; James B. McfJallan, June 19, 1856. 

Under the name of Beaver Falls the following officers have served: 
Edwarti A. Noble, July S, 1867; Milo A. Townsend, February 11, 1869; 
James L. B Dawson, September i, 1871; Samuel S. McFerran, Decem- 
ber 20, 1876. 


The Ijonnigli of J'eaver Falls made the first annual report of its 
schools in 1S67. The old two-room school-house on Seventh avenue, 
now occupied as a ijarrack l)y the salvation army, was the only building 
owned by the district until 1872, when the Eleventh street or central 
building was erected, containing ten school-rooms and a public hall. 

This promised ample room foi' many years. However, in 1875 it 
became necessary to divide the hall into school-rooms to accommodate 
the increased attendance, twelve rooms being necessary for this purpose. 
In 1880 the eight-ro(jni building on Seventeenth street was erected. 

This served to accommodate the increase untd 1882, when by a vote 
of the peo|)le the boai'd of education was authorized to erect another 
building. Daring the vacation of that year thev built the Fifth street 

DO . • 

school-liouse. In 1S84 all of the ijuiklings were again over-crowded, 
when a class-room for the relief of the granunar department was opened 
in Eleventh sti'eet scliool. Again in 1885 assistant teachers were 
em))loyed in the first pi-imary rooms of Eleventh and Seventeenth 
street schools. 

While this relieved the work of tlie teachers m those rooms to 
some extent, yet the results were not the most satisfactory. In 1886 
it was thought best by the board of education to intr<:)duce half-day 
sessions in S(_)me of the lower primary rooms. During tliat year eight 
rooms were divided into two divisions, one-half attending in the fore- 
noon and the other half in the afternoon. 

At present writing, 1887, two additional rooms have been opened, 
and three rooms have half-dav sessions. 



In no better way pei'haps can tlie rapid gi'owtli of tlie town be 
shown than bv the following tabular statement, showing the enroll- 
ment and number of teachers employed since the organization of the 


No. teachers. 


No. pupils. 



No. teachers. 

No. jnipils 



















1 87i) 



1 364 












1 ,442 

.•• 1,481 














The following prinei]iuls have been in charge of the schools since 
their gradation: 1872-73, Miss Maggie Foulk; 1873-75, Kebecca 
Foi-bes; 1875-77, V. B. Baker; 1877-88, M. L. Knight. 

An act of assembly, a])]iroved June lt>, 1881, provided tlmt all cit- 
ies, boroughs or townships, having a po])ulation of ovei'Hve thousand, 
are entitled to a citv, borough or township superintenileut. 

In accordance with the ]irovisions of this act, Princi])al M. L. 
Knight was elected boi'ough su])eriutendeut in ISSl. lie was rei'lectetl 
in 1S84 and again in 18s7, tilling both of the positions, sujH'i'iiitendcnt 
and principal, of all the schools of the Ijoi'ough. 

The s^'stem of parallel grades in all of the buildings in town is 
one that cannot fail to meet the approval of every thinking man. 
Pupils moving from one ward or from one school to another sutler no 
inconvenience whatever, but may enter the same grade in a building in 
the locality to which they may I'emove. Teachers of these parallel 
grades meet weekly to arrange plans and work for the following week. 
A spirit of emulation is thus encouraged, which serves as a constant 
stimulus to pupils in all grades. 

In 1877 a course of study was adopted b}' the board of education, 
comprising the essential liranches necessary to a good English educa- 
tion, upon the C(.)nip]etion ot which a diploma would be awarded. In 
accordance with this arrangement, the lirst ccjmmeucement e.\ei'i-is(_!s of 
a public high school in Beaver county were held May 20, 1S79, at which 
wasgraduated the first class from tht' hii;h school. Eighty-two gi'adnates 
have been awarded diplomas from this school by the board of education. 

The ])ublic schools of I'eaver Falls are regarded liy all who are 
accpiainted with their .system and llieir \vork as among the very best 
schools of the state. 



Geneva College was founded :it Xoi'tlnvood, Oliio, Ajn-il 2<t, 1848, 
and continued at said place until 1880, when it was concluded by the 
church (Reformed Presbyterian) to change its location to the thrifty 
little city of Beaver Falls. 

The institution was regularv incorporated under the laws of Penn- 
sylvania June 18, 1883. The jmrjiose was thus expressed in the instru- 
ment itself: "The better establishment, maintenance, management 
and control of a school or college wherein will be furnished to young- 
people of l)oth sexes facilities for obtaining thorough instruction in the 
languages, matheniafics, ])olitical, natural, mental and moral science, 
literature, and generally in all de])artments and branches of a higher 
Christian education." 

The list of incorpoi-atoi's inrlu(h.'s ministers, attorneys and business 
men m Allegheny, Pittsburgh. Piiihidcljihia. Beaver Falls and other 
]ioints in Pennsylvania, together with Manslield and Cincinnati. Oliio. 
and points in Kew York, Indiana, Iowa, and Kansas. 

The college edifice is made of stone, and covers a space l<>ii by li)4 
feet. Tt is three stories in height. cap])ed with a. tower and mansard I'oof. 
The location is a desirable one, being an eminence that ovei-looks the 
classic Beaver witli its sprightly American Manchester lying along its 
banks. The institution sustains the usual course of study. 

Ilev. n. II. George, D.D., a graduate of the institution in Ohio, 
class of 1853, has been pi-esident of the faculty since 1872. He is suj)- 
]i(irtcd by an efficient faculty. 


Tlie Fir»t United Preshi/terian Congregation of Beaver Fallt was 
organized on the 26th of July, ISfii), by the Presbytery of Allegheny, 
witli a membership of fifty-one. Its eldership from the oi-ganization to 
the present time has embraced the following members: John Purdy. 
James II. Fife, N. A. Calvin, A. N. Barber. H. A. Moon, James i!ow- 
man, Thomas E. Hennon, J. (!. White, II. P.. Ewing, Prof. E. P. 
Thompson, G. G. Richie and A. W. Glenn. In 1869 its pleasant and 
commodious brick church edifice was erected at a cost of six tliousand 
dollars. Its pastorate was filled from January 1, 1871, to Ajiril 10, 
1883, by Kev. J. I. Fra/.or. From the hitter date to F('l)iaiary 1, 1S8.".. tiie 
congregation relied for its s])iritual nourisliment on sup])ly jjrcaching. 
On February 1, 1885, the jiresent jtastor, Rev. E. N.McEh-ee, l)egan his 
labors, and has continued them with acce]itable success. The congrega- 
tion has an enrollmentof about two hundied mendters. The ;ittendance 


at prayer meetings and public worsliip is good; and the payment of the 
pastor's salary and other congi-egational expenses is promptly attended 
to. An active Sunday-school is supported. 

The Reformed Presbyterian Congregation of Beaver Falls was 
organized, by authority of the Pittsburgh Presbytery of the Pefornied 
Presbyterian church, tlie '24th of November, 1874. Its membership then 
was only twenty-four, with J. D. McAulis, Robert Paisley and John 
Cook as elders, and James Cook, J. B. Maxwell and John Kirker as 
deacons. On the 15th of June, 1875, Rev. R. J. George was installed 
pastor, and has retained the position ever since — a tribute to his 
efficiency. On the 21 st of April, 187<), J. J. Kennedy, William W. Cook 
and John Copeland were elected deacons. On the 11th of October, 
1878, WilHam R. Sterrett and R. J. Bole were chosen elders. On 
the 9tii of January, 1882, another election was held, resulting in 
the choice of William Pearce and R. A. Bole as elders, and D. P. 
White as deacon. On the 11th of January, 1883, the diaconate was 
still further increased by the selection of R. M. Downie, S. W. 
McAulis, C. J. Love and AVilliam T. Anderson. The official board as 
constituted at jiresent (August, 1887.) consists of elders — J. D. 
McAulis, clerk; Robert Paisley, John Cook, AVilliam Pearce, R. J. Bole 
and R. A. Bole. Deacons— D. P. White, R. M. Downie, S. W. McAulis, 
W. T. Anderson and C. J. Love. 

When Hrst organized the congregation purchased a valuable lot 
on Main street, on which it subse(|ucntly erected a tine brick edifice, 
with lecture-room and Suntlay-school rooms in the basement. It has 
justly gained the reputation of being an enterprising and liberal 
congregation. Its memljership is alxnit IfiO, while that of its Sunday- 
schools numbers about 400. It sustains missions at Fetterman, Fallston 
and Beaver Falls, paying a regular salary to a preacher for that pur- 
pose. Valuable aid is derived by the congregation from the ]iresence 
and cooperation of the students and professors of Geneva College, 
located in the borough and associated with the denomination. 

The First Mithodist Protestant Church, began its existence, in 
organized form, on the 2.3d of May, 1869, its charter members consist- 
ing of 11 T. Reeves and wife, Charles Taylor and wife, George Zehler 
and wife, Thomas McCiain and wife, Agnes McClain, Mrs. McClain, 
Sr., Mrs. Catherine ]\IcClain and Mrs. Howe. The church edifice was 
erected in 1870; in 1S74 the ])aison;ige was secured, and in 1SS5 the Sun- 
day-school rooms were added to the increasing onttit of the congrega- 
tion. A constant growth has characterized the congregation, the 


p-esent membership being- 310. The chui'ch has enjoyed the services of 
the following- ministers: Early part of 1S70, Rev. S. F. Crowtlier and 
J. Hodgkinson; September, 1870, to September, 1871. W. J. Sliehan; 
1871-73, J. F. Dyer; 1873-75, G. G. AYestfall; 1875-76, G. B. Dotson;. 
1876-77, E. A. Brindley; 1877-79, M. B. Taylor; 1879-80, J. C. Ber- 
rien; 1880-82, John Gregory; 1882-87, J. C. Berrien. 

Fird- Christian Church, Beaver Falls. In the summer of 1881, 
about ten persons who had been members of the Christian church at 
various points previous to their coming to Beaver Falls began to hold 
religious services at the homes of some of the members. They began 
to urge the organization of a chiirch on the basis of apostolic precept 
aiul example. Keighboring churches, notably those of Allegheny City 
and New Castle, looked to Beaver Falls as a point favorable for Chris- 
tian work. Some effort was made in the early part of 1886 to place the 
enterjirise on a permanent basis. No progi'ess, however, was made 
beyond the fact that occasional i)reaching was supplied, the meetings 
being held in a small room on Seventh avenue. An effort was nuule 
later in the year to locate a ])astor who should devote a ]iai't of his 
time to the work at Beaver Falls. In this work Elder William F. 
Covvden, of Allegheny, and Di-. I. A. Thayer, of New Castle, were 

In October, 1886, Ekler C. G. Brelos, (jf Sharon, was called to 
this field by the missionary board of the lirst district of Western 
Pennsylvania. The erection of a suitable house of worship was at 
once contemplated, and an effort made in that direction by raising sub- 
scri|3tions. A suital)le lot was secured on the corner of Fourteenth 
street and Sixth avenue. The church was chartered according to the 
laws of the state, and the following trustees were elected: Mr. C. A. 
Barker, of New Brighton, and Messrs. W. P. Barnum, George AV. Cas- 
ner, F. H. AValkmayer and John Telfoi'd, of Beaver Falls. The charter 
members number twenty-five. The officers of the church are — AV. H. 
Hamilton, E. B. O. Alexander and George AV. Casner. The preaching 
services are at present conducted in the opera house, the former room 
proving too small for the audiences. A one-story brick edifice, 40 by 
55 feet, in process of erection, is expected to be dedicated about No- 
vember 1, 1887. The church ])i'operty will be valued at about six 
thousand dollars. 

The Baptist Church of Beaver Falls dates its organization from 
1882, when its members were al)0ut thirty in number. The growth has 
been steady to the present time, when it enrolls over 110. In 1884 a 


neat brick meeting-house was erected on Seventeenth street; in 1886 a 
neat chapel for the mission Sunday-school in Barnardstown addition. 
The first clerk of the congregation was S. J. Bennett. About the close 
of 1886, owing to ill-iiealth, he resigned, and William S. Humes became 
his successor. The ti'easurcr is L. McGee; deacons — S. K. Humes, M. 

Book, L. M. Grey and Hockenl)erry. The first preaching was 

done by Revs. M. B. Sloan and S. Huston. In tlie spring of 1884 
the jiresent pastor. Rev. W. H. IMcKinney, began his labors. Under his 
watcliful cai'e the congregation has increased, and has now two inter- 
esting Sunday-schools. 

*S'i^. Mur'ijs Catholic CJivrch was organized m 1872, and the corner- 
stone laid on the 4th day of July, the same year, by Bishop Domenec, 
of Pittsburgh. Tlie fii'st priest was Rev. Julius Kuencer. Following 
him came Rev. John D. Cwickei't, who remained until Xovember 26, 
1876. During his pastorate, service was held but once a month. The 
church was then taken charge of by the Capuchin order of Lawrence- 
vilie, who sent one of their number each month until August 24, 1879, 
when they gave the organization into the hands of the Carmellites of 
Pittsburgh. In this charge the church continued until the advent of 
the i)resent priest, Rev. II. J. Freiling, wiio came on the first Sunday 
in August, 1886. 

The church when first orgaui/.ed had a, hai'd struggle for existence, 
but tlirough the efforts of such men as John Paff, John Ebner, Joseph 
I )aibler, John Anders, John Rebeske and others, it grew steadily in 
numbers and strength until it now embraces about eighty families, and 
possesses property consisting of a neat frame cliurch. a tasteful parson- 
age of brick, and two fine lots centrally located, all of which is valued 
at about $'.t,U(Ki. The service is conducted in German. A school is 
contemplated, and exercises are meanwhile held every Saturday and 
Sunday in German, and catechism by Father Freiling. 

Metlwdist Ephr(t£)(d Church. All effcnls to obtain infoi'ination 
concerning the origin of tli is congregation were ineffectual, the records 
having been destroyed or lost. It was incorporated as the "First ]\feth- 
odist Episcopal Church of Beaver Falls," on the 19th of September, 
1874. Its incorporators were — Henry T. Reeves, Henry M. Myers, 
William II. H. Jones, Fitz K. Briarly, Daniel C. McCann, Frank F. 
Briarly, Thomas Leslie, John Snair and Joseph Sponsler. From the 
minutes of the Pittsburgh annual conference for 1886 the following 
facts are obtained: Number of members, 345; value of church property, 
$12,000; value of parsonage, $3,500; number of pujiils in Sunday- 
school, 200. 


Flrist Presbyterian Church. As usual in the earl}" liistory of 
churches in the i>eaver Valle}', the first services of this congregation 
were lield in the old school-house. May 1, 1866, a union Sabbath- 
school was organized there with thirty scholars. The year following 
a number of Presbyterian families resident in the neighboriiood apj)lied 
to the Presbytery for a permanent church organization in Beaver Falls. 
November 22, 1867, a committee was sent by it, which organized a con- 
gregation consistingof twenty-three members. Of these, Messrs. William 
Frazier, A. C. Thorne and W. W. Parkinson were elected ruling elders. 
Supplies were furnished until the following spring, when the first reg- 
ular pastor, Rev. Albert Dilworth, was located tliere. In the summer 
of ISOy a buikling was placed in erection, and completed in 1S7(>, l)eing 
dedicated April 1-t, the same year. March 11, 1871, the rehitions 
existing between Rev. Dilworth and his congregation were dissolved. 
He was followed by Rev. R. R. McjSulty, who acted as supply until 
January, 1872. On the last Sabbath of that month the present pastor, 
Rev. J. D. Mooi'head, from whom we oijtain these facts, was installed in 
his pastorate. Says he, in his anniversary sermon, delivered Jiimiary 
30, 1887 : " Of the twenty-tliree that formed our original congregation, 
all but four are dead. Coming here fifteen years ago, I found our act- 
ual membership to be 105. Of these, sixty-two are not here, thirty- 
nine have removed elsewhere, tiie dust of twenty-three mingles with 
the dust of the dead." 

The congree'etion now numbers 51() members. Its condition is all 
that could be wished. The building has been enlarged and improved 
until it now ranks, in elegance and comfort, with any in the county. 
Following are the officers of the church, of the Sunday-school, and of 
the various societies connected with the congregation : 

Pastor, Rev. J. D. Moorhead; Elders, T. II. Bracken, M. L. 
Knight, S. D. Hubbard, John Kerr, J. G. Hunter, J. F. Merriman, G. 
W. Wareham, S. C. Gormley, Dr. R. A. Moon. Deacons, Dr. J. W. 
May, G. W. Morrison, J. A. B. Patterson, John Douds. Trustees, S. 
D. IIul)bard, Pres., J. F. Kurtz, Secy., John Reeves, John Corbus, A. 
D. Long, G. W. Morrison; Treas., Dr. J. M. May; Asst Treas., J. F. 
Merriman. Sahbath-schuol Officers — Supt., J. A. B. Patter.son; Ass't. 
Su]it., J. F. Miller; second Ass't. Supt., J. F. Merriman; Secy, and 
Treas., G. W. Morrison; Ass't. Sec. and Treas., Dr. J. M. May. 
Lihrarians — J. W. Forbes, J. B. Parkiiison, W. L. Douds, John Ellis. 
Ladles' llisslonary Society — Pres., Mrs. J. D. Moorhead; Vice-pres., 
Mrs. T. H. Bracken; Sec. Vice-pres , Mrs. J. C. Gray; Sec, Mrs. 


D. C. Benliam; Treas., Mrs. S. B. Wilson. Young Ladies' Mis- 
sionary Society — Pres., Miss Laura kStewart; Yice-pres., Miss Lettie 
Harrison; second Yice-pres., Miss Eva Vanard; Sec, Miss Lulu 
N. Knight ; Treas., Miss Bird Morrison. Sahhath-school Mission- 
ary Society — Pres., Bev. J. D. Moorhead; Yice-pres., J. A. B. Pat- 
terson ; second Yice-pres., J. F. Miller; Treas., G. W. Morrison ; 
Sec, Miss Eva Yanard. 


Harmony Chapter^ No. '206., R. A. M., was organized and char- 
tered in 1870, being one of the oldest societies in the city. Its present 
officers are — John P. Sherwood, H. P.; S. R. Patterson, K.; W. H. 
Elverson, scribe; Phillip Martsolf, treas.; Charles Hosmer, sec. The 
chapter meets on the first Thursday of each month in Masonic hail. 

Beaver Valley Lodge, No. Jf78, F. cfc ^4. M.. was organized and 
chartered in the year 1870. Its present officers ai'e — Ernest Mayer, W. 
M.; H. AY. Nair,"s. W.; Albert D. Long, J. AY.; Rev. J. C. Berrien, sec; 
James Anderton, treas. The lodge meets in Masonic hall, and has a 
membership of sixty. 

Rising Star Encamjiment, No. :Jb%, L 0. 0. K. was organized 
December 10,, 1883. The charter members were — Thomas Thickett, 
AV. S. Ilallam, David Ellis, R. B. (Jlark, AY. A. Stone, H. Medley, H. 
White, Louis Sutter, G. J. Brandt, AV. B. IJaines, C. AY. Reich, S. J. 
Bennett, Thomas Howe, John Lloyd, AY. H. Iloon, C. White, Joseph 
Thickett, D Banard, T. J. Thompson, C. F. Potter and Phillip Scharf. 
The first officers were— H. AA^iite, C. P.; AA". II. Iloon, S. AA^.; John 
Llovd, J. AV.; H. Medley, H. P.; S. J. Bennett, scribe; Thomas 
Thickett, treas.; R. B. Clark, I. S.; Louis Sutter, O. S. The present 
officers are— John Ellis, C. P.; Geo. Smith, S. AY.; C. W. Reich, J. 
AV.; AV. I. Bartley, H. P.; R. B. Clark, scribe; Louis Sutter, treas.; John 
Llovd,- O. G.; R. Bagley, I. G. The encampment meets on the first 
and tiiird Monday evenings of each month in Mechanics' hall. The 
])resent membership is forty-seven. 

Reaver Fulh Lodge, No. 7'.'I,V, /. O. 0. F., was organized March 13, 
1871. Its first officers were— George R. Fox, N. G.; A. P. Brj'con, 
Y. G.; H. C. AA^atson, sec; G. L. Russell, ass't sec; R. S. Newton, 
treas. The present officers are— J. M. Postewate, N. G.; John Mcln- 
tosii, A^. G.; J. C. Sennett, sec; J. M. Maratte, ass't sec; J. S. Knowles, 
treas. The lodge meets every Friday evening in Hanauer's hall, with 
i\ membership of sixty-nine. 



Y'Mey Echo Lodge, Ho. 6'22, I. 0. O. F., was chartered Januarj' 
25, ISOS. Its charter members were — Daniel Bernard, F. Y. Web- 
ster, G. White, G. K. Fox, T. E. Houston, Christ Large, C. Whistler, 
William Kosenberger, William Glenn, William McClain, John Mitchell, 
Thomas Jones, VVdliam Linton, T. Yates, and y. N. McClain. The 
first officers were — Henry Howe, N. G.; Abner Whistler, Y. G.; E. P. 
Yaughn. sec; Thos. McClain, treas. The present officers are — Louis 
Smith, N. G.; William Tinnemeyer, Y. G.; John Lloyd, sec; J. K. 
Hill, treas. The loilge numbers 104 members, and meets every Thurs- 
day evening in Mechanics' hall. 

Beui\'r Valletj Post, No. 16. '4., G. A. li., Dept. of Penna., was 
chartered April 8, 18S0. It was the outgrowth of some meetings held 
about the year ISTs by several old soldiers, who organized themselves 
into a Yeteran Club. Tliis club met in a small stone house, on Eleventh 
street, back of the jn'esent postoffice building. It aroused quite an 
interest among the citizens, and a drum corps was formed of sokliers' 
sons. When the post was oi'gani/.ed, it was mainly through the efforts 
of this veteran club. 

The cliai'ter members were — C'. W. May, William Shannon, David 
Lloyd, S. R. Patterson, Ebenezer S[)ringer, \l. S. Newton, II. C. Wat- 
son, N. II. Pangburn, W. O. Snowden, William Merriman, Fred O. 
Peck, G. C. Hareham. William Nowling, J. P. Parris, II. C. Patterson, 
Joseph K. Prown, O. II. Mathews, Jolin (4. Moffitt, J. C. Sennett, J. W. 
Brann, Phillip Crowe, Jesse M. Corbus and W. P. Edwards. 

The first officers were— C. W. May, P. C; K. S. Newton, S. Y. C; 
J. (!. Bennett, J. Y. C.; J. Shannon, Q. ^L; C. A. McKinzie, adj.; Wm. 
Merriman, chaji. The present officers are — J. W. Braner, P. C; Adam 
Siemon, S. Y. C. II. C. Watson, J. Y. C; William Shannon, Q. M.; 
^V. II. McKinney, chap., A. B. McKmzie, adj., W. II. Nowling, 
O. i).; Thomas Kellv, O. G.; James Douglas, sur.; P. Crowl, sergt.; 
L. C. Kirker, Q. M.; J. P. Parris, I. G.: H. McMuUin, O. G. The post 
meets every other Monday evening in the (t. A. II. hall, Wallace block. 
The present membership is 165. 

Eneamjjinetd No. J4, f'/u'on Veieruii Lc<jio)i. was chartered Decem- 
ber 2, 1885. The charter members wei'c — Noah II. Pangburn, Orvin LI. 
Mathews, Kobert S. Newton, Samuel A. Johnson, James Piper, Henry 
Y. Beegle, Ebenezer Springer, Shipman N. Douthitt, William II. Bi-icker, 
George G. Wareham, Jas. W. Beanei', Hugh McMullen, William 
Mei-riman, Robert Ramsey, William Sliannon, John (t. Lowry. James S. 
Knowles, Adam Siemon, Lewis H. Tanney, John C. Sennett, James 


McClarren, Budman K. Davis. The first officers were — S. H. Douthitt, 
r. C; Noah II. Pangburii, C; John C. Seiinett, 1st lieut.; Ilobert S. New- 
ton, 2d lieut.; "William Shannon, Q. M.; James Piper, adj.; James N. 
McClarren, O. I).; James W. Beaner, chap.; Adam Siemon, O. G.; Lewis 
W. Tanney, 8. M.; Samuel A. Johnson, Q. M. 8.; William Merriman, C. 
B.; Budman K. Davis, S.; George G. Wareham, B. The present officers 
are — John C. Sennett, C. C; Adam Siemon, lieut. C; James W. Beaner, 
maj.; John W. Guliner, O. D.; Noah H. Pangburn, adj.; Wm. Shannon, 
Q. M.; James McGelian, chap.; Jolm C. Hart, (). G.; JohnG. Lowry, 
surg.; J. S. Cunningham, S. M.; James Piper, Q. if. 8.; Hugh McMullen, 
C. B.; Ebenezer Springer, 8.; Andrew Bingham. B. The encainjmicnt 
meets on the first and third Wednesday evenings in Wallace Hall. 
The membership is forty-two. 

Beaver Valley Carnp, JS^o. 71^ Pa. Die. S. V., U. S. A., was char- 
tered August 5, 1885. The charter members were — Jackson Vaughn.- 
Charles Parris, H. M. Crowl, J. H. Kelly, G. O. Weeden, W. A. Shus- 
ter, R. W. Vaughn, W. M. Hamilton, Harry Crooks, F. D. Kelly, 
George Yorhauer, Charles McDanel, J. B. Parris, W. H. Hamilton, W. E. 
Lloyd, Harry Smith, li. L. Sennett, William Welsh and W. F. Piper. 
The first officers were — W. H. Hamilton, capt.; Jackson Vaughn, 1st 
sergt.; W. E. Lloyd, Q. M. 8.; J. B. Parris, 1st lieut.; H. M. Crowl, 
2d lieut. The present officers are — W.E. Lloyd, capt.; W. F. Piper, 1st 
lieiit.; R. C. Howe, 2d lieut.; H. M. Crowl, 1st sergt.; W. H. Hamil- 
ton, Q. M. 8. The camp meets on the second and fourth Tuesday even- 
ings of each month in AVallace Hall. The membershi]) is forty. 

Equitalle Aid Union, No. JiSJf., was chartered February 26, 1884. 
Among the charter members, who nnndier over sixty, were the follow- 
ing : J. W. Clarke, C. I. Bowers, II. M. Myers, W." M. Hamilton, W. 
H. Hamilton. W. A. Crawford, Mrs. W. A.'Crawford, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Shannon. The first officers of the union were — Henry Guppy, 
chanc; C. I. Bower, adv.; C. D. Renoff, pres.; Mrs. J. Hunter, X. P.; A. 
B. McKinzie, sec; C. P. Wallace, treas.; J. T. Reeves, acct.; II. M. 
Myers, chap. Its present officers are — IMrs. AV. A. Ci'awford, ]nvs.; 
Mrs. Frances Chidsley, V. P.; W. A. Crawford, sec; Carrie L. Shan- 
non, treas.; W. S. Hoon. acct.; C. P. Wallace, chap.; Wm. Merriman, 
Sr., sent.; Mrs. J, W. Clarke, aux.; 8. W. Miller, con.; J. W. Clarke, 
adv. The union numbers some forty members, and meets every second 
Monday of each month in the Wallace block. 

The Beaver Falls Turn Verem was oi-ganized August 2, 1871, by 
William Oberhoff, Charles Schneider, Aug, Frieberthauser, Kraemer & 


r>ro., Schneider & Bro. There were eighteen original members. The 
tirst otticei's were — August \'o]k, president, and William Oberhoff, 
secretary. The purpose of tiie organization was educational and social 
improvement. A three-story frame building was erected in 1877 and 
enlarged in 1SS3, in whicii are held classes in music, athletics and 
gymnastics. It cost $2,::!(»U. The present condition of the society is 
prosperous, its mcnibersiiip being eighty. The president is Fr. Birner, 
and the secretaiy, Geo. W. lleyslerniann. 

Mijrfl<' Council, JS'o. 121, ISf. U., was chartered January 5. 1885. 
Its charter niendjers were — T. P. Simpson, Jose])h S. Conor, W. H. 
C'iiandley, .1. A. Millan, H. S. Searles, Thomas Barber. James Waln- 
rigiit, J. A. (Ti-ove, Frank Pierson, A. J. JMarshall, (r. II. Gerljcr. A. O. 
Myers, Jos. AV. Clarke, J. A. Vogel, R. G. Webster, C. H. Miller, J. 
D." -McCarter, George W. Chandley, A. P. Chalfant, E. E. Miller, E. 
Edsall. Tiie tirst (officers were as follows : A. J. Marshall, ex jn-es.; 
W. 11. Chandley, pres.; E. E. Edsall, V.-P.; F. P. Gray, treas.; Thomas 
Barber, sec; James Wainright, fin. sec.; Dr. T. P. Simpson, med. ex.; 
A. G. AVebster, chap. Its present corps of officers consists of — J.W. 
Clarice, pres.; A. G. Webster, V.-P.; Thos. liarber, sec; A. J. Marshall, 
fin. sec: F. P. Gray, treas.; Dr. J. D. McCarter, med. ex.; E. E. Edsall, 
chap. The C(nincil is young and numbers but twenty-tliree. Its meet- 
ings are held at Chalfant's the second Tliuisday of each month. 

Sehnier Grove, JVo. S, U. A. O. I)., was chartered August 22, 
1880. Its charter members were — John Rebeske, Cliinst. W. Reich, M. 
Steinbrecker, sec; John Jung, Justus Scliirk, Frank Borger. The first 
officers were — John Rebeske, N. A.; Christ. W. Reich, W. A.; M. 
Steinbrecker, sec; John Jung, cor. sec; Justus Schirk, J. W.; Henry 
Wagner, treas. The present officers of the order are — 11. Kopmann, 
jST. a.; G. Schneider, W. A.; G. II. Gerber, treas.; M. Steinbrecker, 
sec. The nieml)ershi]i is fifty-two, and the ])lace of meeting is ilechan- 
ics' Hall, every Wednesday evening. 

The Fraiernul Mystic Circle was chartered July 21. ISSti. The 
first mend)ers were — Harry Goldsmith, Christian Schuler. W. A. 
Cline, William M. Rea, Jolm Lloyd, William II. Bai'chiy, Joseph 
Walker, E. W. Sheets, M. I)., W.' E. Lloyd, diaries G." Webster, 
Thomas D. Eldei', William E. Shelldrake, A.B. Evans, John W. Hous- 
ton, T. J. Hamilton, Joseph jirooks, W. F. D. Smart, George C. Faulk, 
J. F. Craighead, I. I. Harvey, William Sloane, Jesse J. Ewing, James 
Home, C. D. Renoff, James F. Merriman, R. E. Zimmerman. W. A. 
Stone, A. R. Leyda, G. LI. Gerber, Dallas Woods. 


The first officers \vere— C. D. Renoff, W. R.; A. E. Lev da, AV. Y. 
R.; A. B. Evans, W. P. R.; W. A. Stone, W. rec; W. E."siiel<lrake, 
W. C; William Sloane, W. T.; W. E. Sheets, W. med. ex.; J. T. Mer- 
riman, "W. chap.; J. Home, W. W.; J. K. Houston, W. M.; J. F. Craig- 
head, W. C. S.; G. E. Faulk, W. ( ). G. The present officers ai-e— A. 
R. Leyda, W. R.; J. K. Houston, W. V.R.; C. I). Renotf, W. V. R.; 
W. A.' Stone, W. rec; W. E. Sheldrake, AV. C; William Sloane. W. T.; 
W. E. Sheets, W. med. ex.; R. E. Zimmei'uum, W. C; S. C. Jolly, W. 
W.; J. D. Elder, W. M.; John Kemp, AV. E. S.; William Rea, ^Y.0. S. 
The circle has a membership of fifty-one, and meets eveiy other 
Tuesday evening of each month in P. M. Hall. 

Beaver Falls Council, No. oil, R. A., was organized April IS, 
ISVO. Its charter members were — Dr. T. P. Simpson, C. J. Calvin, J. I). 
Perrott, C. H. Myers, J. M. May, C. W. Townsend, William Shannon, 

B. B. Todd, George Abel. The first officers were — W. Shannon, regent; 
S. J. Calvin, V.R.; J. D. Perrott, chap.: B. B. Todd, treas.; C. H. 
Myers, guide; George Abel, O. G.; J. M. May, sec; Dr. Simpson, med. 
ex.; C. AV. Townsend, col. Its present officers are — W. Shannon, L. G. 
Townsend, G. AV. Chandley, J. A. B. Patterson, J. G. Hunter, J. F. 
Merrinian, A. B. Chalfant. The council numljers sixty four nieml)ers, 
\\\\o meet in Templars' Hall, on the first and third Tuesday evenings 
of each month. 

MecJianics' Lodge, No. 38, A. O. U. W., was organized Septembei- 
19, IS72. The chai-ter officers were— G. S. Eckey, P. AI. A\^; O. J. Noble, 
M. AV.; C. Cullen. G. F.; F. Banks, overseer; Hai'rison Eckert, rec; 

C. D. Renoff, fin.: James Denning, receiver; John Kelley, guard; N. 
G.Rhineberger, O. AV. The jtresent officers are — Joseph AValker, P. M. 
W.; Perry Graham, J\[. AV.; John Lloyd, rec; C. Cullen, receiver; C. 
AV. May, fin.; Henry Willets. The place of meeting is Mechanics' 

Beawr Falls Coimcll, No. 4S,Jr. O. U. A. M., was ciiarlered 
August 11, 1S84. The first members were — Robert Campbell, A. S. 
Parkinson, M. A. Parkmson, AV. S. McCullough, John AVhite, J. H. 
Mcllwain, F. N. Ruby, M. N. Edgar, AV. D. Emery, C. S. AlcCullJiigh, 
W. S. Shrum, AVilliam McGahey, Jose]ih S. Marquis, J. M. Keefer, 
George Nailer, W. K. Robb, J. D. McCullough, G. A. Culbertson, C. A. 
McKinzie, A. M. Hazel, James Pouell. 

Concord Lodge, No. 75, A. 0. U. W., was organ izeil May 28, 1S74. 
The charter members were — F. L. Banks, S. Mussey, AV. 11. Thomas, H. 
M. Meyers, Robert A. Craighead, H. Guppy, G. S. Ekey, W. Shannon, 


J. E. P.retten, S. J. Calvin, J. M. Denen, W. Jones, I. Beals, Dr. T. G. 
McPherson, G. Ward. The firfst officers were— F. L. Banks, M. W.; C. 
J. Calvin, F.; W. Jones, O.; G. Ekey, P. M. W.; W. Shannon, guard; 
J. M. Denning, rec; I. Beals, fin.; A. P. Br^'son, receiver; S. Mussey, 
I. W.; W. II. Thomas, O. W. The jiresent officers are — F. L. Banks, 
A. P. Bryson, H. Dufford, W. Jones, G. C. Surls, E. Webster, S. S. 
McFarren, J. IT. Sponsler, G. AYard, Dr. C. H. Watson, G. Ekey, I. 
Beals, Dr. T. G. McPherson, W. G. Algeo, C. P. Wallace, A. G. Web- 
ster, J. I]. Parkinson, T. B. Perrott, J. W. Knott, D. H. Jackson, 
P. D. Garrett. The lodge numbers sixty-four members, who meet in 
Mechanics' Hall. 

Zone Rock Lod(/c, No. '22-2, K. of P., was chartered December 7, 
1869. The following names appear on the charter : E. A. Barnes, J. N. 
Hall, C. E. Wate. M. J. Hickey, William Barnes, Daniel Van Ard, John 
McGahey, W. M. Knigiit, ^Y. H. Hoon, Joseph T. Shaneman, Hugh 
White, W. C. Hilman, William Bower, George W. Kendall, J. M. 
Bracken, W. H. Grim, William Davidson, M. W. Elliot. The place of 
meeting is in Mechanics' Hall. 

Mahina Lodge, No. IS, D. of jR., was organized October 2, 1869. 
Its first officers were — Elmer A. Barnes, N. G.; Mrs. V. E. Hickey, V. G.; 
S. J. Risinger, sec; Mrs. Abbie L. Barnes, ass't. sec; Mrs. Howe, treas. 
The place of meeting is in Mechanics' Hall. 

T/ie VatJiolic MafAwl Benefit Assoeiatlon, was organized March 28, 
1885. Among its charter members were — William Patf, Frank Tress, 
Antoine Tress, Joseph Becker, John Aggenan, Andrew Oravetz, 
Jacob Oravetz, Andrew Abind and Andrew Kramer. The first 
officers were — John J. Paif, ]ires.; Albert Sti'ub, V. P.; Adam Patf, rec. 
sec; Leopold J. Hegner, fin. sec Its present officers are — John J. 
Paff, chan.; Adam Paff, pres.; Joseph Schell, Y. P.; Leopold J. Heg- 
ner, rec. sec; Albert Strul), fin. sec. The association meets every other 
Thursday evening in Templars' Hall. 

The Young Merits Chridian Association was first organized some 
ten years ago, at which time a reading-room was opened; but for some 
nnknown reasons the association gradually declined, until it at least 
became extinct. The present association was organized June 29, 1886, 
many of its members having Ijelonged to the old one, but in no other 
way did the two oi'ganizations have any connection with each other. 
The incoi'porators, who formed the first board of managers, were — 
S. D. Hubbard, Robert J. Jamison, J. A. IVIillan, F. F. Brierly, J. F. 
Kurtz, Prof. E. P. Thompson, Dr. H. C. Watson, H. W. Reeves,' Ernest 


Mayer, W. II. Chandley, A. P. Bryson. From this board tlie following 
officers were chosen: F. I'\ Brierly, ])res.; Ernest Mayer, vice-])res.; Pi'of. 
E. P. Thompson, rec. sec; Lyman li. Swett, sec; A. P. Bryson, treas. 
The first membership nmnbered forty. The city council chamber 
was first used by the association, but in three months" time were secured 
and occupied the pi'esent headquarters, consisting of parlor, amusement 
rooms, reading-room (also used as committee room), boys" ])arl()r, dress- 
ing-room, bath-room and gymnasium. A bowIing-alley is soon to be 
opened in the basement. These quartei's are in the Searl block, 
corner Seventh avenue and Thirteenth sti-eet. 

The general work and purpose of the association is tojiromote the 
religious, intellectual, social and physical welfare of young men. In 
the reacling room are taken seventy of the best j)eriodicals. and also is 
maintained a small l)ut valuable library. In connection with the other 
work, it is the intention of the association to organize and maintain 
evening classes in book-keeping, arithmetic, penmanshij) and vocal 
music. In addition to tliis are conducted the regular gospel meetings, 
Bible traming class, and, in winter time, a mock senate, in which par- 
liamentary training is obtained. The present officers are — F. F. Brierly, 
pres.; Ernest Mayer, vice-pres.; E. F. Gallaghei', sec; A. P. Bryson, 
treas. The board of managers is the same as at the beginning. 

The Wo//ian\i- L'liristlan Temperance Union was organized ]\[ai"ch 
15, 1884-, beinu' a revival of the old organization whicli had died several 
years before. The first officers were — Mrs. L. E. Frazer, jires.; Mrs. M. 
B. Alford. vice-pres.; Miss Alice Abel, sec; Mrs. Hunter, treas. The 
union meets in its reading-room on Seventh avenue eveiy second and 
fourth Friday of each month. Connected with it is a library, contain- 
ing books and temperance periodicals, open to members on Monday and 
Friday evenings of each week. The membei'ship is quite large, and 
the influence of the organization is felt throughout the county. It has 
rendered valuable aid to the temperance work throughout the .state. 
The present officers are — Mrs. L. E. Frazer, pres.; Mrs. T. D. Morehead, 
vice-pres.; Mrs. A. A. Ewing, rec. sec; Mrs. M. R. H. George, cor. sec; 
Mrs. M. B. Alford, treas. Connected with the work of the W. C. T. U . is 
a bo3^s' school, organized August 9, 18S-1. This was established with a 
view of reaching the boj's of the street, who had been denied the 
advantages of home training, interesting them in school work, and 
gradually throwing about them such moral and Cl.ristian influences as 
would develop them into true men, worthy and respected citizens. In 
furtherance of this, a room on Seventh avenue. No. 504, was rented, 



furnished with seats, carpet and ai)paratiis, supplied with proiier tem- 
perance hterature, and tlirown open for use. Here every Monday and 
Fridav evenings about tliirty of these urchins assemble, indulge in 
singing, games, and other i)leasant j^astime under the direction of JMiss 
Lizzie Eeed, and imbibe of the moral influences of their surroundings. 
The work, though young, is yet potent for good, and may accomplish 

Stimulated by the examj)]e of their mothers, the young ladies of 
Beaver Falls determined to establish a complimentary society, which 
was organized in 1884 under the title, Youiuj Lndie.<i Christian Temper- 
ance Union. The present officers ai-e — Miss Anna Miller, pres.; Miss 
Penelope Miller, vicepres.; Miss Grace George, sec; Miss Rena Grim, 
treas. Meetings are held on the first Saturday of each month in tlie 
W. C. T. U. room on Seventh avenue. Untler the charge of this 
society is an industrial school for girls, organized in August, 1887. In 
this school the young girls of the place are taken in, given instruction 
in sewing, singing and light litei-ary work, together with gymnastic 
training. The school-room is the W. C. T. U. reading-room, and the 
time of meeting is on Saturtlay afternoons. The girls are placed in 
charge of one of the members of the Y. L. C. T. U., who is chosen each 
month by the society. The present enrollment of the school is forty. 

Beaver Falls Lihrai'D Association. In the autumn of 1884 a prop- 
osition to give a course of ]iopular lectures was presented to a limited 
number of citizens who met in the old reading-room in the engine 
house. It was determined to give si.\ lectures, and the students of 
Geneva College agreed to share one-fourth of the expense for one-fouith 
the net proceeds. The lectures were given, and an adjustment of the 
receipts found $60.86 — one-half the net proceeds — in the treasuiy, 
waiting for use. A resolution was carried tliat this amount ))e devoted 
to the establishment of a ])ublic circulating lilirary in Beaver Falls. 
Accordingly, an organization, under the title of "People's Library 
Association" Avas effected, with Julius F. Kurtz, president, and the 
nucleus of the present librai-y was secured l)y the proceeds of those six 
lectures. Other courses wei-e given, donations of money and books 
were received, until there was at the (_>peuing of 1887 |2o8.72 in the 
treasurv'. This slow accumulation of funds suggested to the managers 
of the association the necessity of devising some additional means of 
replenishing the treasury. As a i-esult. an industrial exposition was 
determined upon, and steps taken to carry out the plan. A magnificent 
disnhiv of home industries was the result of the labors of the commit- 


tees ai-puiuted fur the purpose. The products of ea<'h of the hirge 
manufacturing institutions were arranged in various artistic designs, 
and the success of the exposition was such that, after all its expenses 
had Ijeen jmid. over $700 remained for the association. The officers 
continue the same as at organization. 


Hm-iman Steel Co.. Limited. Foremost among the industries of 
Beaver Falls, hoth in point of size and with regard to the value of its 
products, are the mills of the Ilartman Steel Company, Limited. This 
eompanv was organized in January, 1883, and in March of the same 
year the buildings, which had heen l.egun in October the year previous, 
were occupied, and the wire department placed in operation. The 
orio-inal works have been greatly enlarged from time to tune, and other 
deiwirtments added thereto, until the present buiklmgs of brick and iron 
cover an area of 200,000 square feet, and include the following divisions: 
Merchant steel mill, wire-rod mill, cold die-rolled steel mill, wiremill, gal- 
vanizing department, steel letter and sign department, bale tie depart- 
ment, wire nail factory, wire mat factory, and the steel j.icket fence 

factory. . , 

The motive power is furnished by twenty-four engines, chat reciuire 
thirtv-six steam boilers, and the aggregate daily capacity of all de- 
partments exceeds tiiree hundred net tons, exclusive of products not 
fi<nired on the tonnage basis. Over nine hundred men are required to 
operate this immense establishment, and the w..rks are kept running 
nio-ht and dav. The introduction of natural gas into the company's mills, 
where it is now used as a fuel and as an iUuminant, has greatly facili- 
tated their operation. The gas supply is practically unhinited, and is 
taken from the company's own wells, thereby insuring an abundant 


The ]iroperty of the coiiii)a,ny consists of twenty acres, situated on 
the " Marginal railroad." which is operated by them, and over half of 
this tract is yet available for extensions which are being made as 

occasion demands. , , , , . t, . 

Branch offices are maintained in New Y(nk, Phila.lelphia, Boston, 
St Louis and Chicago. The officers of the company are— H. W. Hart- 
man, chairman; G. H. Wightman, sec; R. A. Franks, treas.; !• (t. 
Tallinan, gen. supt. Connected with this establishment is the Hart- 
man Mills Relief and Benefit Association, composed of operatives of the 
steel works. This organization conducts a coffee house, bath rooms 
and library, for the mutual benefit of its members. 



'^^nyi^Y ^ -^/^ 



Emerson, Sm/fh d- Co., Lhnifed, were organized umler tlio linn 
name of Emerson, Ford & Co., in ISTl. Tliis name was retainetl until 
February, 1ST7, wlien a ciiange in tiie company made tlie new name 
read Emerson, Smith & Co. The Hrm was known by this title until 
July 16, 18S-1-, when a dissolution of partnership occurred, a reorgani- 
zation under the Pennsylvania limited partnership laws, with a capital 
stock paid in, of $250,000, accomplished, and the present title adopted. 
The oificers are — James E. Emerson, chairman; Julius F. Kurtz, vice- 
chairman and treasurer; and Edward L. Hutchinson, secretary. These 
otticers, with the addition of Mr. Joseph B. Smith, constitute the pres- 
ent firm. 

The |)roducts of this company are — circular, mill, band and cross- 
cut saws, of all grades and sizes, and also a general assortment of saw 
tools, and a|)paratus connected with mill saws. Their works cover 
nearly two acres of ground, and are lighted throughout with natural 
gas. The distinction belongs to this company of being the first 
manufacturers of saws in the world to utilize the new fuel, natural gas, 
in tempering. It is claimed by tliem that the gas, which is entirely 
free from sulphur and other base siii)stances, and which gives almost a 
pure liydi'ogen Hame, makes the saws mucli moi-e uniform and tougher, 
in reganl to temper, and renders oxydization impossible. And this 
fact gives the Emer'son, Smith & Co. saws their superiority over those 
of other manufacturers. 

The excellence of their gooils gives the company' a w<jnderful 
market. Europe, North, Central and South Americ;i, Australia, ami in 
fact the whole of the civilized workl, receive shipments from them. 
And the home market is fullv aware of the good qualities of the Emer- 
son saw, for it has compelled the company to establish a branch house 
in New Orleans, and agencies in Jacksonville, Fla., San Francisco, 
Charlotte, N.C, Montgomery, Ala., Little Rock, Ark., Knoxville, Tenn. 
Augusta, Ga , and other cities of pi'ominence. The North is served 
direct from the works. 

Western File Company, Limifeil. The works of this company were 
built in 1S()9 by Davicl Blake and James M. Fessengen. who were the 
founders of the present establishment. Four years later the growth of 
the business made an enlargement necessary, and the cajiacity was 
accordingly doubled. In 187.") the firm was changed to a limited com- 
])any, with James Fessengen, chairman, E. L. Blake, secretary, and 
1". ( ). Shay, treasurer. 

( )n tlic irtth of April, ISSn, tlie entire works were destroyed by lii'e, 


^vitll an almost total loss; hut so great was the energy of the lii-ni tliat 
in eighteen weeks the t'actorv was rebuilt on a much larger scale, and 
was again in active operation. In 1883 a change in the management 
made Hon. Henry Hice chairman, and George W. Morrison secretary 
and treasurer. The works of this company enjoy the distinction of 
being the largest file establishment in the world. They cover an area 
of over two acres, and the buildings consist of the main factory, 350 by 
38 feet, to which are attached three wings, respectively 208 by 50, 165 
by 38, and 218 by 40 feet, a number of small outbuildings and sheds, 
and a tire-proof pattern house, 35 by 1!) feet. The principal structure is 
two stories high, and is ijuilt of brick. In the factory are over one hun- 
dred file-cutting machines, tuiMimgout all sorts of rasps and files of every 
size from one inch up to forty-eight inches in length, to the extent of 
1,200 dozen per dav. "When ininning in full force the company employs 
over 250 men, and their productsai'e shipped to every j^artof the United 
States and Canada, with also considerable export traile. A branch 
house is maintained in Chica":o, and an aiiencv in New Y<n'k. 

Perm Bridge Coiiipaii(j. The works now owned by this corn- 
pan v were organized by T. V,. White & Sons, m 1808. They were 
then located in New Brighton. and were not rejnoved to their ])resent 
site until ten years later. The firm was reorganized and incorporated 
in 1887 as the Penn Bi'itlge Com]mny, which is composetl of the 
following members: S. P. and T. S. AVhite. J. F. Miner, J. F. Mitchell 
and V. Degner. 

The pi'oducts of this com]>any consist of wrought-iron, steel and 
combination bridges, iron sub-structures, buildings, roof-trusses, ])late, 
box and lattice girders, snd general architectural iron work-. When 
first established, in a very small way, its outlook <lid not seem bright; 
but now, aftei" nearly twenty years of constant operation, the magni- 
tude of its ]iroducts is astonishing. It is estimated that the total 
amount iMiilt by these works since theii' start w<.ndd extend, if placed 
end to end, a tiistance of ten miles. 

Two-hundred men are employed, of whom 125 are engaged in the 
factory, which is kept running night and day. and the remaindei' are 
upon the road erecting and fitting in place the briilgesof the company. 

The grounds comprise nearly three acres, all of which is covered by 
one building, in which the bridges are manufactured. From this point 
structures are shipped to several of the eastern states, as far w(;st as 
Nebraska, and even into Central America. 

Beaver Falls Steel Works. These works were estalilisln^d li\- Abel 


Peckler & Co., in 1875, and three years later they passed into theliands 
of the Economy Society, wlio gave them the present title. The prod- 
ucts are tooth and file steel, iron center cast steel, soft steel, center 
cast steel, finished rolling coulters, patent cutlery steel and cast and 
special plow steel. The grounds comprise about four ac'rcs, and the 
works consists of a melting furnace, two trains of rolls and three steel 
liammers, sliears and a full line of general machinery, which latter is 
run by the motive power alforded Ijy two water-wheels and two 
eno-ines. About eiirhtv liands are enii)l(>ved in the establishment, and 
their products are shipped thi'oughout the United States, into Canada 
and occasionally into ilexico. The superintendent, Mr. James M. May, 
has been connected with the enter])rise since its origin, and has filled 
his present position since ISSl. 

Beaver Falls Cnf/er;/ Wo/i's. The wurks owned liy the ]5eaver 
Falls Cutlery Com]mny, were built in 18<>7, and were put in o])eration 
one year later. The originators were the Harmony Society, which, 
through its trustees, Messrs. Ilenrici and Lenz, is now the chief ownei'. 
The ]M-esideut is Henry T. lleeves, while the duties of secretaiy and 
treasurer are discliai'ged by .lohn Reeves. The capital stock of the 
company is $400,000. The grounds a,re two acres in extent, arul the 
buildinti'S are the laro-est in the citv. The w<irks are not imw in opera- 
tion, but the sus])ension is teniptjrary. 

At one time in its history this establislmient tui'iied out over 
l,2ti0 dozen of finished cutlery jiroducts, in the manufactui-e of which 
were employed nearly ?)2n men. Of these 158 were Chinamen, who 
never gave satisfaction. Tlie number was reduced, until, in 1885, there 
were employed 200, all of whom were white. I'.ut owing to the unsat- 
isfactory collection of duties on imported cutlery, and the consequent 
competition with foreign products, the company was com])elled to sus- 
peml operations, which was done i)i 1886. 

7/>/hhar<l d- Co. The axe and hoe works now owned by this com- 
])any were established in 1870, by Jose|ih Graif cV Co.. and were o])er- 
ated by them until 187'.t. when the lii'ui of llubbaixl, Bakewell & Co., 
of Pittsburgh, determined to secure them as a bi'anch to their exten- 
sive works in Allegheny county. Tlie firm is now known as Hubbard 
& Co., and consists of the following membei's: Cliarles W. Hubbard, 
S. A. Tlankin, D. M. Long, Chari.'s J.ockhart, AV. W. Frew and S. D. 
Hubliard,by which latter gentleman the establishment is now conducted. 

The products consist of all grades of axes, from three to six 
pounds in weight, ami every variety of planters' hoes. Twenty-live 


distinct patterns of axes are made, and tlie specialties in hoes are the 
" Phuiters" Eye," " Scovil Pattern," " German Handled " and the " Spout- 
ing and Hilling." In the manufacture of its axes the company uses 
annually over 900 tons of iron and 1S(I tons of steel; and in the hoe 
department, 450 tons of steel are utihzcd. The works are 300 feet 
square, and in them are employed from I2.j to 150 men. The market 
comprises the whole of the United States, Canada and occasionally 
South America. 

KeysUine Portahie Steam, Driller Cotupany^ Lliruted. The steam 
drill manufactured by this company was invented and patented in 
1880 by Mr. E. M. Downie. and a company was siiortly afterwards 
formefl to introiluce it generally to tlie maricet. Wor'ks were secured 
at Fallston. where for six yeai-s the company conducted a pi-osperous 
business. In 1S87 tlie establishment was removed- to Beaver Falls, 
where it now occupies what is claimed by tlie pro])i'ietors to be the 
largest works of tiie kind in tlje United States. The superintendent 
is K. M. Downie, and the chairman of tlie board of directors, II. II. 

//. M.Mijers ijc Coinjiauij, Litaiteil. The business of this firm was 
begun in 1809, under the management of Myers & Armor, who termed 
their factory the "Economy Works." The present limited company 
was formed in 1875, with II. M. Myers, chairman; Joseph M. Morrison, 
sec, and John Reeves, treas. Its products are shovels, spades and 
scoo])s of all kinds. The works cover nearly two acres of ground, and 
give employment to 175 men. The market is extensive, embracing the 
entire United States. 

Beaver Falls Car Works. This estal)lishment began operations in 
1878 under the management of Hon. Henry Ilice, \)ves.\ John Reeves, 
sec; Jacob Henrici, treas., and John Corbus, supt. The products of 
the company were all grades of cars, and, in addition, general repair- 
ing and foundry work were done. January 15, 1880, the works were 
destroyed by fire, with a total loss, save a, little machinery. Que week 
afterward the company rented room in the old (juarters of the 
cutlery works, and began anew in a general machinists' business, in 
which they still continue, und^r the original management. 

BeaverFalls Iron Company was organized in October, 1885, under 
the management of N. E. Whittaker, pres., and E. C. Ewing, sec. The 
works of this company are cpiite extensive, and give employment to 
150 men. The product is exclusively sheet iron, which is shipped to 
all parts of the United States. 


Beaver Falls Glass Company, Lvmited. This company was organ- 
ized January 1, 1887, under the follownng officers: George E. Smith, 
ciuiirman, C. T. Mustin, sec. and treas.; J. 11. <!)linsman, supt. In 
addition to tlie officers named are James M. May, H. W. Reeves, 
V. F. Erierly and George W. Coates, who constitute a hoard of man- 
agers. The huikUng ei'ected hy tiiis company is one of the neatest in the 
city, consisting of two stories and a hasement, 33fi by SO feet. Tlie oven 
in these works is chiinieil to he tlie second hii'gest in the United States. 
The products of tliis estabhsliment consist of all varieties of jn-essed 
glassware, which, although the company is a new one, aresliij)ped to all 
poi'tions of the country. The number of men employed is two hundred. 

Beaver Falls Coi'iperaihv' Glass (Joinpany was organized P^eb- 
ruary 7, 1879, untler the management of John Stoehr, chairanui, 
George K. Brown, sec. antl ti'eas. The present company consists of 
William Schetller, Sr.. chairman; C. ('. Vogely, sec. and treas.; Phillip 
Scharf, foreman. Tlie products are general glass table-ware and 
shop furniture. The comjiany is run u]ion the coiiperative system, the 
workmen sharing the prolits. The company ships its wares to all parts 
of the United States and also to South America, ]iarticularly Brazil. 

Whitla Glass Company, Limited, was organized m June, 1887, 
for the purpose of manufacturing all kinds of general glassware. The 
officers of tlie company are — J. C. "Whitla, ])i'es.; J. P. Stone, sec. and 
treas.; board of directors, Simon Ilarrold, John M. Hughes, F. (1. Tall- 
man, Stephen Stone and C. E. Ilarragh. The works consist of a large 
one-story frame building, in which there is the latest and best improved 
machinery. The market is yet [)rospective, but extensive ]n'eparations 
are being made for a large trade, as 150 men have been emploved. 

Iloaiard Stove Comjmni/. The works now owned i:)y this company 
were formerly controlled by A. F. Wolf, who ojiened a stove found rv 
in 1868, and who, after two losses by fire, concluded tosell, which he did 
in 1883, The present company is under the management of Jacob Ecki, 
general manager, J. D. Perrott, secretary and treasurer, and (lawii 
Ward, travelling rejtresentative. 

Till! i)lant consists of a foundry <''<> bv 120 feet; a mountini>' room. 
60 by 130 feet, over wliicli are the car])entering, pattern and storing 
dejiartments; a two-story warehouse 50 by lOo feet; a cleaning room, 
30 \)y <io feet; an engine and boiler house, 3o by Oo feet; and a iiask shed 
30 by loo feet. The products are all kinds of stoves and ranges, among 
which the "Howard" range, the "Howard" cooking stove and the 
" Howard Franklin" open parlor stove are especially noted. 


Knott, llarl'ci' ib Co. was organized in October, 1883, beginning 
business in New I'rigliton, where tliey purcliased the property of the 
American Grate and Fender Company. They continued there from 
(~)ctober until tlie following ]\[ay, when they moved to tlieir jjresent 
quarters. The products of this company are tire-phice goods, novelties 
and general machinery. Their wares are sold in the AVest, to a great 
extent, and also in Ohio. Virginia and New York. The comjmny has 
a paid up capital of §3U,000. Its officers are — Joseph Wilson, pres.; 
Joseph Knott, sec. and treas., and AV. G. Harker, supt. In addition to 
the officers named above, the iirm comprises F. F. and F. K. Briei'ly. 

Cooperative Foundry AHsoclatlon was organized January 1, 
1872, with officers as follows: A. J. Sennett, pres.; I.. Armor, sec; 
and II. Dufford, treas. The ])roducts are stoves, hollow ware and 
ranges. A foundry department and warehouse, covering two lots are 
also maintained. There are employed by this company twenty-three 
hands, whose products are shipped mostly to places within a radius of 
200 miles; although occasional shipments are made as far west as Chi- 
cago. The present officers are — T. Christian, pres.; II. Miller, sec; F. 
F. Brierly, treas; H. Miller, T. Richards, John ydieibner, II. T. Demp- 
sey and W. II. Paisley, directnrs. The latter gentleman is also man- 
ager. The association has a paid up capital stock of !5;25,O00, and is in 
a prosperous condition. 

./. //. Knott ct- Co. The rtouringmill owned by this company was 
built in 1SS2, on the site of the old I'atterson mill, which burned the 
year before. The meml)ers of tiie Hrm are John II. Knott, Joseph 
Wilson, F. K. Brierly and M. Shaner, tiie miller in charge. The first 
named gentleman is business manager. The company does a general 
milling business, using the Case gi-adual-reduction roller process. The 
capacity of the mills is seventy-Hve barrels per day. The motive power 
is furnished by three turl)ine wheels, tliereby being able to run all the 
year. The market is ]>urely local, the trade being merchant and 

Beaver Falls Planing Mill Company.. Limited, \vas organized 
in 1878 by Simon Harrold, wlui c(jiiducted a general planing business 
until 1877, when the establishment passed into the hands of S. N. 
Douthitt and Simon Ilarrold, who styled themselves the Beaver Falls 
Blaning-mill Com})any. In April, 1886, Ceorge C. Wareham and 
Frank Pearson were admitted into partnershi]), and in September, 1887, 
thecompafiN' became a limited concern, with cfticers as follows: G. C. 
Wareham, chairman; Frank I'eai'son, sec, and S. N. Douthitt, treas. 


A o-eneral lumber and planing mill Inisiness is carried on, employing 
about thirty hands. The trade extends from Pittsburgii to New Castle 
and Youngstown. 

W/hon d' Brmiy. Tlie lirst lime-kiln opened near Beaver Falls 
was built in 1806 by Waddle, Wilson & Co., and was situated a few 
Awards above where the present Fort Wayne Kail Road staticm now is. 
The first switch laid in the city was one from the railroad track to this 
kiln. This same firm purchased the first real estate ever sold under 
the new corporation of Beaver Falls, which was in 1807, and the pui'- 
pose of the purciiase was to secure a site for the planing mill and lum- 
ber-vard which they shortly afterward located. In 1871 the present 
Krni, consisting of Joseph Wilson and F. K. Brierly. was formed, 
being a i-eorganization of tiie old one. The firm now does a general 
planing-mill business, in connection with which is run a lumberyard. 
Its market is quite extensive, shipments being made to immediate and 
distant parts of the state. 

Steam Planing Mill Companij was organized June 25, 1887, 
being the successor of L. F. Pierce, who had managed a private mill 
for some eighteen months previous. The i)roprietors are Hugh C'unning, 
Daniel Cunning and Joseph Figley. The Ijusiness consists in manu- 
facturing sash, doors, Winds, mouldings and siding, and also in dealing in 
all kinds of rough and jilaned lumber, and in general planing mill 
products. The com]«iny enii)loy twelve men, and ship to surrounding 

Beaver Falls Chemical Compaiuj was organized in ISS-f, for the 
])ui'pose of manufacturing general chemical products. Products — sul- 
piiur, muriatic acid, sulphate of soda, ammonia, etc. The comjiany is 
composed of Cleveland men, and the building of its works in Beaver 
Falls was due to the facilities enjoyed in shipjiing, etc. C. A. Grasselli 
is president, and Daniel Baihw general manager. 

Keijstone Chemical Worhs. In February, 1887, Mr. C. C. Beggs 
engaged in the manufacture of silicate of soda, using the rear of the 
Mayer pottery building as his works. The management was intrusted 
to Mr. Abraham Green. The product is used in the manufacture of 
soaps, also in stiffening prints, and in the latter use is much superior to 
lime, as it does not injure the fabi'ic. The establishment, which has 
acquired the appellation of '• Keystone Chemical Works," employs 
seven men, who turn out 250 barrels daily. The ]n'oduct is shipped to 
all parts of the country. 

Maijer PoWiry Compaaij, Limited. This com])any. manufacturers 


of ironstone cliina, iinderglazeil printed ware, and enameled ware, was 
oroanized in ISSl, with Joseph Mayer, chairman; Ernest Mayer, sec- 
retarv and treasurer. The works cover an area 350 by 100 feet, and 
the Iniildings are built of brick — the work-shops being three stories 
hio'h, and the warehouses two stories. In them are employed 100 men, 
whose annual output is valued at ^1()(»,()(I0. The products are general 
potterv ware, witli specialties iis follows: " Lustre Band " and " Sprig " 
ware, and an imitation of coal used in natural gas fires. This latter is 
nuide of jiorous earthenware, which, at a high temperature, is covered 
with a, black glazing. There are in the establishment two biscuit, two 
glost and four decorating kilns. The trade extends throughout the 
United States. 

Beaver Falls Art Tile Company, Limited, was organized Feb. 
ruary 1, 1887, with officers as follows: John Keeves, chairman; F. W. 
"Walker, Jr., sec. and treas., and L. Roden, supt. The purpose was to 
])roduce a superior quality of artistic decorative tile, embracing stove, 
fire-place and mantel tiles. The woi'ks consist of a large brick struct- 
ure, fitted with the best apparatus. The company, though yet young, 
has developed cjuite a market, enibracing nearly every state, and extend- 
ing' even into Canada. 

Beaver Falls Water Compamj was organized in 1870, under the 
management of H. T. Reeves, pres.; George W. Morrison, sec; Thomas 
R. Eennon, treas.; IT. W. Reeves, manager; and John Ramsey, supt. 
Its capital stock is $100,000. The town Avas first supplied with water 
bv a reservoir; afterwards a pump and a cistern were put in at the cut- 
lery works. Now, however, fnur Holly pumps, I'un by water jiower, 
iire required, and in addition two steam punqis have recently been 
located in the upper end of town. The combined capacity is 3,5()O,000 
gallons every twenty -four hours, which amount is pumped into a reser- 
voir, whence the town is su])plicd. No change has been made in the 
corps of officers. 

Beaver Falls Gas Compain/ was organized in 1871, with Hon. 
Henry Ilice, pres.; J. II. (!onway, vice-pres.; Frank S. Reader, sec; 
George S. Barker, treas., and John Reeves, J. M. Fessenden, W. "VV. 
Kyser, James Edgar, and M. Naylor, directors. The company began 
With a capital stock of $75,000, and commenced the manufacture of 
illuminating gas, using first coal and then the water-gas process. The 
two cities of New Brighton and Beaver Falls are piped by it, using in 
the operation over twelve miles of l)iping. The annual output is nearly 
5,000,000 cubic feet, while the works have a daily capacity of 140,000. 

'riyi-^r/ ^/\Ar^^^ 



Tlie present officers are — Ilcnrv Reeves. ])res.; C. M. Merrick, vice- 
pres.; John M. Critclilow, sec; George S. Barker, treas.; II. F. Dillon, 
supt., and Henry Hice, John Reeves. John T. Reeves, Josepii Cently 
and Charles Barder, directors. 

Wag7ie?'''s Brewery was established in ISSO by Henry Wagner, 
and commenced operations in the same yeai-. At first, nothing l^ut ale 
was brewed. Itnt in six months' time beer was added to the products. 
The main building whicli is tiiree stories liigli, isal)rick structure 30 liy 
3U feet in (