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Full text of "History of Benton County, Iowa. From materials in the public archives, the Iowa Historical society's collection, the newspapers, and data of personal interviews"

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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 

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v< /. 

From Materials in the Public Archives, the Iowa 

Historic;:! Society'b Collection, the Newspapers and data ot 

pcrsoTial inteiviews; also containing sketches of repre- 

sentative men. 

Compiled under the eLlirorial supervision of Mr. Lutlier B. 
Hill, General Historian, and a corps of local editors. 


VOL. I. 

li« ri'()V 

3 3 '-h ^/ a 


C H I C A G (J 




]>ent()n roTinty is a rci)res<'ulritive section of a representative 
]\iis.sissip])i valley state— )-ieli in material and intellectual wealth, 
fertile of soil and individujii I'esources. It was almost equally 
sclti.'d by mtii and women ffom the New E)igland and the old 
-Middle states and from the eominonwealths of the old-time ^diddle 
West, sueh as Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. The result v;as that 
(^ronom.y. hospiiMlity and an ambition both to be well educated and 
\vi:-ll-to-d(,t. Wfi-'j early and finlll^' implanted in the character of the 
j'.riji'jn county settler, and these are still strong traits in the 
farmer, liusiness man and })rofissional i-epresentalive of today. 

1)1 attcmptinu' ;i d<diuc;.lion of the country and the people 
in."luded in the politi'-al term. T>rnton county, the editors and the 
imblishei's h:\\e endeavored to e-ive a due me»>d of credit t<> both 
the ]>i()]ieer and his des'-endants of two and sometimes three gener- 
al imis. all of wli()7ii have liad their historical ydace in making Iowa 
;in(1 pjeijton couuLy sdlid, ;deit. intelligent and progres.sive ty]>es of 
the hiu-hest Ameri'-an devv'l.ij.iyient. To tlie real, home-loving 
American, it is sulTicicnt pi-aise of iJcntun county to say that witiiin 
her liorders one may li)id cumfm-t of life ami full appreciation of 
industry, honesty and intelligent and educated effort. Nothing 
cjiii ]vie)-e fci-rihly illu^t!'at( aud prove tliir, statenient than, the 
hi.-tory now }mt forlli. 

in tlie ])re{).\i-aiion of the liisioi'y of T>ent':;n county, the C07u- 
pilcj-s ;:nd publishers were ( euiieou.sly and intelligently assisted by 
leading citizens, iu evei'y tield of activity, and as space forbids a 
iM'-ntion of th(' man>' indivldi:als who thus contributed to the 
suitjcct matter both of histories and biogi-a]diies. thanks are hereby 
tendered in general terms, but in niost cordial spirit. 

iii - I v' 




Location and Form — Chief Topographic and Geolog- 
ical Features — Great Iowa Ice Field — Broken ajs^d Pic- 
TLRESQiE Features — Pictureisque Benton County — Evi- 
dences OF Prehistoric aFan — Dralnage of the County — The 
Iowa River — The Cedai: River — Pi;airie Creek — Water Supply 
OP Benton County— Belle Platne Artesian Area — Belle 
Plaine's "Jumbo" — lU ilding Materl\ls — Clavs and Coal — 
Timber and Gro\es. 1-22 



Benton County, Louisiana Purchase — Why Black Hawk 
JoiNEL* the British — Keokuk, Diplomat and Orator— Indian- 
Treaties— Half-Breed Tract — Directly Concerning Benton 
County — Neutral Ground Betv.'een Indian Foes — Results of 
THE Black Hav^k War — The Black Hawk Purchase— Keokuk's 
Reserve and Death — Whites ox the Heels of Indians— Rov- 
ing Indian Bands — Birth of Civil GovERNiiENT — Sud-Dutsion of 
Counties — Fixing the Territorial Capital — Iowa Becomes A 
State -i>!:NT<)N, Oxi: (>y Nlvetv-ninI': Counties. 23-37 



Organization of Townships — Gk-owth in Property — Ac- 
tual Values of Property — 190S (One-Fourth Cash Value) — 
l.S'.ir) (Oxe-Half Cash Value)— L^S5 (One-Half Cash Value) 
—1875 (One-Half Cash \\u-ue)— 1805 (Cash Value)~Tn- 


PuoGiu'.ss ix Agricultire — Agricui.tural Societies— The Pat- 
rons or llisi5ANi)RV. 38-51 





FiKST IClection in Hknton Col'N'jv— First Contlstko Elec- 
tion — Exciting Election of ]855 — Kailkoad Politics — Mid-Wak 
Election — Since Civil AVar Times — Counti' JJoS'J'Kk, 1S4(M87S — 
Sl'pekvisok.s (TowNsmi* SYyTE:M) — Supervjsokh (Countv System) 
— Officers and Eleotioxs, 1878-11)09 —Old-Time County Offi- 
cials. 52-G8 

.1 ■ CHAPTER V. . ■ 


County Bolndarjes FixEr" — Act for the Organization of 
P>enton County —First County Election — Nortjiport, the 
County Seat — Attempted Occupation of Court House — North- 
port, Eeciiristened Vinton — Move to Change County' Seat 
— Trot'p.i.e AViTir Second Coi'rt House — Civil Courts Estae- 
LisiiED — Heavy Burdens of County Judge — Fire AVipes out 
Court House and School — Corner Stone op New Court Hoi'Si: 
Ijaid--House AYar-ming in Detail — Changes in County Govern- 
ment — A Court House op WniCH to be Proud — Corner-Stone op 
1856 Court House — The Court House of the Present — Strong- 



FiR.-^T Ben-jon County "Stayer"- -First Native White 
Child — I-'irst Funeral ls the County — Settlers of 18-11-1850 
— No Permanent Old Settlei?s Soc[lty-— I'irst Land Entries 
— Towns and Cities of Benton County- -Posi'OFFiC):s in Ben- 
ton County — Professor T. F. Tobin on Early Times — Judge G. 
i\I. Gilchrist on "The Pioneer" — Rkminiscences of I. Yan 
^Metre — ''Slope" Pulitics — Early Settlers of the Townsihps. 


Building of the First IvEal P.Rf!>Gi> -Daily Stage Communi- 


CATION' — Steamboat Era. 1S5S-1S(J0 — Doings op the Stea.mer 
'• Export" — Becomes the "Black Hawk" — Last Trips of the 
•'!'.i,ACK Hawk" — Early State Boaos in Benton County — Rail- 


—Benton Coijnty's Northern Koad — Iron Horse Trots Into 
Vl\ton--]^.ranch AVest From Vinton. . ■ 125-131} 



The Old Traer Bank Book — James C. Traer— Banks as Poli- 
tical Centers — Belle Pl.une Banks — Vinton's Oldest Bank, 
Farmers-' National-— The IIaleerts, SiiELLSJiUiio Bankers — Citi- 
zen's Bank, Belle Plaine— Corn Belt Savings Bank, Belle 
]^L.AJNE — Farmers' National Bank,, Vinton — State Bank op Vin- 
ton — ViNTOxN Savings Bank — Peoples' Saving Bank, Vinton — 
Peoples Savings Bank, Shellsburg — Benton County Savings 
Bank, Norvn'ay - A'j'kins Savings Bank — Urbana Savings T'Jank — 
FAr.?.H::RS Saving Bank, Valford — First National Bank, Nor- 
vrAY — Mt. x\rBURN Savlxcs J-Jani: — Luzerne Savings ]'>ank — 
Present Condition op Banks. 134-143 



"Vinton ILvgle" V>ors — V^'hen the "Eagle" Screkcued — 
The "Vinton Eagle" Sai utes — Berkakd TvIi-rpih' Copies in — 
Early CJL\i;\CTEKS or THr: "Eagle" — "Benton County Demo- 
crat" — Van AIetum: vs. Drum mond— "Enery Othpr Daily 
Union," Belle J'laine — J>ell]: Plalne "De.uocrat-Herald" — 
"Peopi.e's Journal," Vinton --Vinton's First De:mocr.vtic Edi- 
tor— "The Review" of Vinton — "I^jenton County Times" — 
"Western Telephone Jolrxal," Vjnton-— "Garrison Independ- 
ent ' '— ' ' '1' HE SiiELLSi; I KG Cali . ' '-- -TiioMAS A. Carver — Van 
lIoRNE "AFeteor"-— Van UcIv-ne "Enterprise" — "^M'ount Au- 
Bii^x Njavs" — Dkpunct Newspapers. H4-160 

First School House— Forestalled Henry CtEOrgf- — Benton 


CoUxVTY Sciioor, System — First Teachers' Institute — School 
'l'o^\•^•SHIP — City and Village .Schools — Ki;kal Independent 
Districts — Irving Institute — Bi.airstown Academy ant> Schools 
— TiLFORD Collegiate Academy, Vinton— John S. Tilford— Key. 


ViNTON Public Schools— Belle Plaine Schools. 101-175 



Capt.un Thomas Drummond — Professor Samuel Bacon, 
First Princit'al — College Formally Opened at Vinton — Two 
Wjngs Added — "Tom" Drummond Again — "Yes; It Is AVorth It 
All" — Trustees to be Remembered — Present Organization of 
the College — Music Department— Industrial Training — Oph- 





First Grand Union Rally — First to Enlist in the County 
— Officers of Pioneer Company — Parker's Grove and Hickory 
Gkove — "Boys in Blue" Had 'j'O be Uniformed — Company G, 
Fifth Iowa Volunteers — Company D, Eit^tiTH Ixfantry— 
Grand Home Reception — Benton Coi'nty Bo^■s in the Eigjith — 
Co:.;pany D, Twelfth Infantry — Co.-^ipanies G and E, Tv.-enty- 
eighth Infantry— Company A's Roster— Company' D— Com- 
pany II. Eighteenth Infantry— Company- K. Fortieth Infantry 
— Forty-seventh Infantry — Fifth Veteran Cavalry' — Sixtpi 
Cavalry' — Seventh Cavalry' — Ninth Cavalry — Union Support 
AT Home — Sum-nlvry vp War Matters — Grand Celebration July 
4, 1861 — "Knights of the Golden Circle," by Jacob Springer — 
Soldiers of Sixty-one, by A. 11. Brown — Company G, I. N. G. — 
Spanish-Ameiucan War — Reception to Calvin P. Titus — Veter- 
ans Association and G. A. R. — Living Civil War Veterans — 
Vinton's G. A. R. Post. 187-25o 




Pioneer — The I'astoral IiOster — SiiEr.L.sBL'Ro ^NrETiioniST Ciilrcii 
First ]\l. E. ChurcH; Belle Elaine — Blairsto\vn M. E. CHrucfi 
Van JIoRNE Methodist Church — 1?ev. Tho:»[as C. Golden— Other 
]\L E. Churches — Vinton's New School Presbvtertan Cni'Rcn 
— Old School Presevterlvns — Pi;L;sByTERjAX Chl'rch oe- Vinton 
— ]-Jev. Stephen Phelps — United PRESByTEKLVN Church, Vin- 
ton — Shellsrurg Presbyterian Church — Pleasant Eill Pkes- 
i',vTEK[A N' Church — Blairsto \vn I'f.esbyteri ax Chl'rcei— G-vrri- 


Cedar Papids Baptist Association — Shellsburg Baptist Church 
— FiR.yr Baptist Church. A^inton— Garrison German J^japtist 
Chircii — Und'ed ]5i;ethren SociETiES— Dr. W. B. Wagner-- 
F[i;.-'j' J)isciPLEs' Chirch— Ml. Auburn Christian Church — 
Harrison Townshh' C^hristian Church — Disciples' (Christian) 
Church, Vinton — First Ser.mon in Belle Plaine — St. Mich-u^.l^s 
Catholic Church, Norway — St. I\1ary's Catholic Church, Vin- 
ton- -Other Catholic Churches — Belle Plaine Congregation- 
al Church — Li'theran and }'',vangelical Churchf^s— Benton 
County Sunday School Association. 254-2S0 



Benton Colnty Created .Judicially---First District Court 
Term A "Fizzle'' — Colrt Really Held — I'irsy Judicial Acts — 


Eeverich Eludes the Eaw — At Last, in the Court House — Ad- 



Colnty — The Iowa Protection Company — Jidge Carleton to 
THE JxE.scuE — Court Agaln Held- -Bill "Uncle" AVay 
—Scapegrace Berry Wax — Fajcew ell to Uncle Tom Way — ^Eist 
OF District Judges — County Judge as Czar — First County 
CouiM' Session — County J edges P>uild C')irt House — Circiht 
Court E.stablished and Abolish!:d — Beading Memi^ers of the 
Bar — Govi'^iiNOK Buren R. Sher.^lvn — William C. Conneli., — 


IIox. William P. Whipple — 0. L. Coopkk — J. J. Mosnat — Fiend- 
ish Murder in Kane Township — Some Later Crimes in "Hell's 
Acre"— The Novak Case. 281-305 



A Contest por He.vrts — jMission of the Frontier Doctor — 
Vinton's First Phisicians — First P>ELiiE Plain e Physician — Dr. 
jMarion Mereuitti — Dr. C. C. Griffin— Dr. Stephen 'M. Coon — 
Dr. Charles B. Chenoweth — Benton County Medical Society 
— Iowa Union ^Iedical Society. 306-310 



Increase jn Population — Passing op the Red Cedar—Rath- 
er "Shady" First Settler — Pioneers of Vinton — Looking for 
THE County Seat — Vinton's (Fremont's) First Real ForRxn — 
Frl-mont Becomes Vinton — "Vinton Eagle" Items 1856-9^ — 
jMunjcipal Officers 1869-19] — Official. Endorsement of Good 
Men— A'iNTON 's Fire Department — AVater AYorks — Electric 
Light Plant — Free Public Lirrary — The Telephone Companies 
— "Booster" Club of Vinton— V/orld's Largest Corn-Canning 
Factory — Great Expecta.tions Not Realized — Minne Estema 
Park — The ]\Lvsoxs of Vinton — The Odd Fellows — Knights of 
Pvthias — iloDERN AYood:v[en of America — The Ei'worth I;E,vgue. 

.■:..■'.": ' ■ 

uiv-,. ■ s--\> ■ CHAPTER XVIL 


James F. Young, -Miller— -Elijah IjVans, Early Officiai. — 
Marion Evans, Ex-I\Iayoc — Cyrenius T. Whipple, Wealth v 
Land Owsy.k — AV. F. AVilll\ms. Banker and City Promoter — 
-JOHN' Knapp and His Li'ci-cy Number — Cornelius Ellis. Pioneer 


RiDGF, Leadpng Banker— C. 0. IlAifRiNGiON. Early Banker — 
l^'iRST TO AFarrv in A'ixton — L ,U TiOfZKux, Skttler of '54 — 



XAKiAxs ix Retirement — Levi S. Miller, Vetekan Business .Man 
— Palmek Bhotiikks, Old Die cggjsts— John 0. Bills, Pioneer 
Jeweler — Dean op Insitk.vnce 'Men — "Ralyea" Stands ror: 
"Hotel" — Cami'bell, the Contractor — W. AV. Means, Old City 
^fARSHAL. 336-34G 



Blslness Rtart — The Ivail};oad Plat— Bad Business Out- 
come — Early (jROwtii of B];i,Lic Plaine— First Foundries — 
Chicago and Northwestern Plants — Corporation of Belle 
]*LAiNE — The Fire Department — 'J'he Great Fire of 1894 — Lk^iit 
AND Power Plant — Artesl\n A\ati:r AVorks— The Telephone 
Service — Public Library — The I^elle Plaine Oi'Era Hoi'Se — 
llr.RRiNG Cottaoe— The Baitfv House — Four IjEading Estaelisiu 


Plaine--}vnights oe Pvthias— -The ''Grand Army" Post — Le- 
gion (tp Honor — ^[v)r>i:RN ^A"ooD^;EN of AMEiJiCA — Impijoved Order 
OF Jii.o Men^ — Bohemian Socji:TiEs---'RAiLROAD Unions— T^'ood- 


Nobles and C. C. C. o47-3G0 


'f ... 

lij.AiRSTOv.N Founded — First Religious Services— St-pport- 


'J^DWN IN 1S62— The Town in 1868— Champion of the South 
Slope — Blairstov/n As A Corporation — Electric Light and 
Power Plant — Blairstown j^i.evators — Lodges of Blairstown 
— AViiv Shellsburg? — A Stage Station — First Landlord — Can- 
tonwine's Place — First Shellsburg Church— ^Gets A Eailko\d 


timct — Shellsburg's First Mayor — -Thi: First Bank — Farmers' 
Mutual Telephone Company— iVrASONS of Sheij.sburg — Inde- 
pendent Ok-dei: of Odd Fellows— The G. A. P. Post — Knights 





l''ii:ST Owners of Gaki:i>()n — The Gaj:k)son of Today — Ele- 
vators AND Tile FArTOi;Y — TELEfiioxj'; Co.Mt'ANiLs — .Modern 

^V00DAIE^ AND OdD 1"'}:Er,0'iVS ~"\'iI.i,AGE of XoRWAY — OSMAN Tl't- 

TivE, Founder op Xorv.'ay — Pjoneer Settlers — Farmers' Eleva- 
tor Co-MPANY — Norway Lodges. 374- 37S 



Village of Van IIokne — Two Flourishing Institutions — 
Farmers Co-opj::rative Company — Van ITokne Grals and Live 
Stock Co.mpany — The Local Panks — Electric Light and Power 
Company — Van Horne's Telephone Companies — Lodges at 
Van IIorne — Prosperous, Compurtatle-[;OOking Keystone— 
Ki:ystonl P>ANf;s — Keystone ]\rER(,'ANTiLi; Co:.ipany — Secret So- 

AVoRTHY Retired Pioneers. 379-3S5 



jMarysville Becomes Urpana — Interes'jtng Old-Timer — 
Uri'.ana's oMost Stjrrlng Event — ]\Iount Auburn — Cedar Town- 
ship Pioneer — Xewhall — First Xewhall IVFeuchant — Atkins — 
■\Valford — Vatkins — FoirNDERs of Watihns. 3S6-39j. 



• Twenty Townships in LSfiO — A Settler of 1S4o — Benton 
'J'ow NsiHi', '40 — L\>h;s Rice and I]i;ENi-.zER Berry- — Settler.s of 
]K)'2 — (}a!;riiiei; Introdfces Horses- -Big Gt.'OVE Township 

PkjNEERS --.)01L\ ]*. ClllNN ANI-* El. IAS 1 )OAN — TlIE HaNNAS OF 

P>i(; Crovk — Helped Organi/j: Tih: T!)WN"ship — I'\)L".\t^i:r of 
TowN'-;iiH' StTiooLs— The Aped P'a.milv, T)4- -Typical '•Semi- 
Dlgiipt" - SiH'iTs, Fathi!; a\'i> Sox— -Lki ce Township Pio- 
neers — Settlers of 185S — Canto.x Tijwnsihp I*io.veek AVoman 


— First Klkctk^n' in Townsiui'-— Mr. and ]\Ir.--. David iriTi:, 1850 
— lIousKKKss For Fifteen 3.[ii.k.s- -Srn;i.LSiu:K(j, Oxk Log Cabin 
— Krecteo ^r.vxY OF the ]''ikst BriEDiNos — Noted llouTicr.ii- 
TrR(ST — ^lii. ANi> Mrs. AVai.ker, 185fi — L!\i;o on Farm Fiftv-rix 
Years — John liiCKART, 1855 — Cedar Township ]*ionfers--First 
Settlers of Eden TowNsiin'-— T^'u^st l^os'j'. master — Sp:tteers of 
1858 — Pioneer Fri'it Raiser — They Came in 1854 — Jomx A. 
J^iELiNG. 1855 — Other Settlers of the Fifties — Eldorado's 
First Settler — Emanuel liAKER, 1855 — These Came in 1856 
— First House in Fremont Township— Additions in 1854 and 
1855 — Alexander Johnson. ls5a — Pioneers of Harrison Town- 
ship — Early Settlers of Homer Township — Founder of Re- 


Township — John Schild, 1852 — Early Settlers in Jackson 
Township — Jamls W. Athey, 1850 — A Kane Township Veteran 
— "IjOne Tree" Farm — Conrad Tatge. 1852 — Rhesa Conley. 
1S50--Poia; Township ]*(oni-:ri;s — TjfE Urysons and Rlmingtons 
— Settlers of the Early ]-'iftif,s — Eaely Comers lo Taylor 
Township^ -xV Union Township Pioneer. 392-416 

'*--• y ,.,»■ V ; 

•• is 

• ^ -f'.. ■, 


T\pic;il L;ike Scene in l>i'iitoii County ■ 1 

.Sec1i()Ti (,f l',i)\vl(l< r-.'^tri'wn Field 6;in Well at BoIIl- Phuui^ 14 

Prcsojit l)fiit(iii Coiiiily Court House 40 

Court IIons<' of 1S5G 82 

Beiiloii Couiily -Tail 86 

Benton ('diinly Hoitil- n<\u- \'inton 88 

James C. Triicr 135 

Interior Views "Vinton Eade" Office 146 
'■Vinlo]i Ka-le" I'lant '147 
]X B. Pyne • . - . 151 
'I'ilforrl Colleiriate Academy ' * ■ 168 

Uic-h School! iuil ding ', 173 

Iowa Colleire for the Blind (before addiriLr \vings) 179 

Cajilain TliOinas Draniiiiond 181 

:\rain P.uildin-, luwn Collece for the Blind 185 

Bipe Orj^an. Vinton :Mcthodist Chureh -258 

First, Vinton 265 
First P>ai>tist Church. A^ in ton ' 272 

Novak and Jiis Steanislii]-! Ticket (opposite) 303 
Vintun L').)kJnL:- AVest fruiii the High S.-liuol ■ 312 

Washinctun Street Louk'intr South, Vinton 313 

Old Vniidcji Brid,R-e Foot of ^lain Street, Vinton . 317 

Jay Street Viaduct. Vinton . 318 

Roek Island Depot. Vinton 325 

Free I'uMic Library. Vinton 321) 

Youn-'s Old Fl.n!'- ^I'ill. Vint. ai ' -037 

^fain Street. Belle Plaine 348 

Chicau-o .V: Xorthwestern Depot. Belle I'lainc 350 

".hunbo" Well in Action. P.elle Plaine • '- 353 

The Ilerrinir Cotta-c. P,cllc ITaine ,- 355 

Main Stri-t and Ili'-ili S.-hooL lilairstown • 363 

Soldiers* Momnnent, Blair.-lown . 367 

Peai-1 Street and lliLili Schcol. Shellsbar;r - ' •• 370 

Carrison Publie- ScIuxjI 375 

George L. Pahiier's "Senn-Dugout" . • . 399 



\-Titnlture. 4G BcTtion coiiiity — Lofntion and form, 1; 

\h(.-!ii-' (iiui'T- K.. ?^1 topoijraphy and frcnln^jy, 3; Tom an 

Ml.'^rt.' Charles F., S23 ice field, 4; brokci) and pictnrei5que 

Ai'lcii. Joscpli Sr., 540 features, 5; pie-Iiistoric man, 7; 

\'\.-v ' V. r>., Tfi3 draiiuiw, 8; rivers and streams, 9; 

\ji,,„ jr 1^ ]-,5 artesian wells, l."^; buildinjr materials, 

\riits'tniiiL'. Xewtoii f'.. 7o] IS; tiinlier and groves. 21: one of 

V.'.cld. William, 565 ninety-nine connties, 37; organizing 

Aihev. .lames W.. 412. 652 act. 70 

Atkins. Savings Bank, 141 Benton County Home. S7, 657 

Atkins. T(nvn of, 3S9 Bent<.n founty jail, S6 

\iii<i. Arthur J., SOI IVnion County Medical Society, 309 

AnM Faniilv. 398 "lienton County Signal," 159 

.\ii:tiii, -Xni'iii' (!., 465 Benton County Sunday Seliool Asbocia- 

.\i:-!in, .Lunes. 465 lion, 280 

An-! in. Bobeit B.. 569 "l>entim County Times," Vinton, 157 

\n~tin Sanuiel B., 592 B.enton County Veteran.s Association, 

" ' ' 246 

Benton fownship. 3'.'>3 
Bergen, 0. C, 820 

i:;.i-oii. Samuel, 1'7 Berry. Robert. 760 

''..ikef, Kin;'nue]. 407 Biokcl, William E., 560 

!V-!1. ,1. 11., S2G Big Grove township — Bioncers of. 396 

I'.niiks. i:;4: present conditioii, 143 I'-ill-. John 0.. 345 

|;.ir — Loading members, 296 Bi.vby Brothers, 595 

ii.iidwoil, Frnnk J., 765 Bivby, Clarence, 595 

r.cT. George. 476 T'ixbv. Cbivton. 505 

I'.Mr! .1. ^\^, S91 Bixby. \rallace. 664 

ii.trry. F.iieiHzer, 395 '•'I'lnck Hawk" (sfeamboal ). 114, 127 

IJ.isrv. Mifhael, S22 Black TTawk purchase, 30 

!*;-.uingardner. William. 502 l'>la< k Hawk war. 24, 30 

!;-atiy. dohii ^i.. 455 l'.|;iIrs(o\vn — Academy and schools, 166; 

iielle" I'lnine — Banks. 136; Citizens il. E. church. 262: founded, 361; first 

i'auk. 13-^; Corn Belt Savings Bank, religious services, 362; town in 1862 

l.'^'t: s,-]ioois. 174; business start. 247; and 1S68, 364: as a corporation, 3C5: 

i :r-i AT. r. chTirch. 262: serm.on, elevators, 360; lodges, 366 

-':r,; Congregational church. 27S: B.lairstown Bresbytcrian church. 26! 

I liireil Kvan-jelical church. 279: B,lns-om, Ciiarles' A.. 432 

i.^ilroad p]-;t, 34S; early growth. 349; J'due, John '^L. 535 

r;:>t f.-uiidrie^. 350: Cliicago S' North- B.ogLis. V\'i]liani C, 6S9 mi. ,. 

v>.'.-tern plants, 350; corporation his- BiooiIp. V.. 405 

tory, 351; great fire of 189-{, 352; Bois. n, William. 484 

aricsian water works, 354; Herring I'.ook, John, S79 

< Milage, Belle Blaine, 354: Henry. J. Honnigarden, Okke 0.. S56 . 

(* 355; TTeiuv, F. H., 355; secret 15o\ve, Romanzo E., 447 , ' 

societies. 356;" Tappan & Crawford Bow en, T. W.. 398 

fb-v;iior. 356; Palmer brothers. Belle B.oyden. J. IT.. 785 

IMaine, 350; B.idle Plaine Broom Com- Brandt, John D., 714 

I'.iny. 35ri: Bohemian societies. 359; Bridges, 125 

'.ii! unions, 359 F.rown, A. IT.. 149 

i:-'!.' r-laine "Bemoi-nit Herald," 152 B.rown, Ehvyn F., 29S, 458 

5"-<!!.-r, David. 407, 553 Urown, James, 814 

itell.T. M B.. 554 r.rubaker. Joseph S., 345, 478 




Bruce town^liip — Early settlers, 117; 

hnw nruiipd. IIS: piouecrs of, 400 
]5ryson, ^V'. G., t>27 
Urvsoii faii'.ilv, 414 
TUkM, AUvn J.. 549 
lliiild, Joseph L.. 40.3 
r.untcii. .Jaiiios W., oOO 
I?urloi-h, If. S.. 200 
Ihixtcii, ^L. A., ,570 

Calkins, David, 407 

Cainpbpl], Samuel M.. ?-46, 4f2 

CuTit'^u towushij) — Piiiii' er wonr.ui, 401 ; eloctioii. 402 
Cantwell, Paul Sr., 456 
Carle-ton. Jame.=J, 2S9, 292 
Carver, Thoirias A.. loS 
Case, Ni-lson B., 402, 404. .5f)2 
Cedar Valley Land Company. 641 
Cedar Bapids Bapti?t ion. 270 
Cedar tov, ii.^hip — Pioneers, 404 
Chenowoth, Charles B.. .309, 692 
Chenowethi T. X.. 406 . ■ 

Chinn, .John P., 397 
Churches (see religious history) 
Civil War, 1S7: Union supp-Tt at home, 

2.33; suiuuiary of war luatters. 23-1:; 

grand celeliratiun. .Julv 4. ISAl, 23G; 

"Knighl.v of the Golden Circle-," (by 

Jaeoh Springer), 239; Soldiers of 

Sixty-one (by A, H. 

living veterans. 247 
Clifton, John. 711 
Clime, John C. S32 
Coburn, John P., 770 
Cokelv, Jonathan. 4S9 
Coh'ord, T.. n., .510 
College for the BUnd. Vinton. 176 
C(dlins. Thomas, 411 
Cidlins, ?^Iartin J., G45 
Company C, I. X. (',., 242 
Conlev. Andrew, 409. 
Conley, Cliarles, 409 
Conlev, Rhcsa, 413 
Connell, \V. C. 1^-. 
Conner. W. Iv, Tul 
Cook, Stephen M., 209. 
CoojH-r. O. L.. 290 
Corldn. .Jerome. 7G9 
Correli. Paul. 342. 433 
Comity court house — fir^-t. 74; 

77; second, 7S: present. S4 
County government, changes in. 
County officials (lS4fi to 39 10), 59 
County school system, 1R2 
County seat — Northport, 73: moving of, 

74 ' 

-Organi/alion of, 2:^1: fust dis- 
conrt. 2-2; first judicial acts, 
second session of district court. 

Brown), 240; 







cdunty judges build court house, 294: 
circuit court, 295 

Cox, George M., 64S 

Cr;iwfojd, James F., 407 

Crime — I irsl convicii'.u for, 287; the 
Brody outlaws, 2SS: fiendish murder 
in Kane township. 299; some later 
crimes in "Hell's Acre," 201; the 
famous Xovak case, 303 

Culp. John B., 65S 

Culver, James S., 701 

Cummin gs, Walter E., 612 

DaTiskin, George M. 390 

iJavis, Kenry, 803 

Davis. Henrv J., 047 

Davis', Loui-a B.. S93 

Deklotz. .John, 606 

Deklotz, Lewis, 010 

Delfs, Carl, ?7G 

Derrick, Elmer E., 590 

Dickson. David D., 597 

Dilling. John A., 400, S04 

Ditzler, E. J., 384 

Do:in, Elias, 396, 397 

Docrzuj^.n, ^^'i]lianl J., 8Sl 

Donald. Jackson. 727;au, P. .J., 646 

Dorsoy. Bcal, 393 

Douglass. Sauuiel; 108 

Downs Brothers, 406 

Down.s, Ilobert X., .561 

Downs, lArary M., 561 

Drexler. .Joseph. 277, 716 

Drummond, Thomas, 147, 177, ISO 

Dutt.m, 0. B., 377 

Eaton. George D., 176, 179 

Eaton, Eliza W., 461 

Eaton, Josiah, 461 

Eden township — First settlers, 405; 

pioneer fruit raiser. 406 
Edmond, Sanuiel M., 499 
Edward?, A. T.. 620 
Edwards, ffamilton B., 67 i 
Egglesion. Levi C, 691 . 
Eldorado township — Kiist settlers. 407 
Elliott, C. W.. 62S 
Elliott. J. A., G5G 
Ell)'=, Cornelius. 341, 421 
KHis. W. C. 342. 422 
Ellsworth. W. O., 406 P 

Evans. Edward if.. 67 
Evans. Elijah. 338 
Evans. Marion, 339 
"Every Other Daily Union," Belle 

Plaino, J 51 



ment of, 290: first countv court. 294 

Fa-an. Bobert. COS 

Farringlon. Screno S.. 152, 


l-'irst Disciples' church 



chuioh), 275 


INDEX ^ XVii , -^ ^ 


First oloflions, 'j2, 72 Harper fiiniily, 410 

First I'lnicral, 01 IFurwood, James, 848 

Fir-t land <Mitric'S. 02 TTarrinston, C. 0., 342, 527 

!'ir-i ^f-tlu'ilist oliurdi, Viiiion, 2."k) flarri.son Township Christian church, 27."; "t ^ ^ 

Fi:-i native v.-hite ciuld. 90 Ilayward, Horacv^, 5S6 ' '"7-- j 

First pormanont setth^r, S9 TToinricii, Christian A., 443 ■"^"^ I 

Fir-t post offices, 98 ITciurich.;iv, 552 I 

Fir-t Sfhoo] house, 161 TIenklo, flcnry C, 453 I 

First Tc-.ichors' I'lsfitute, 1G3 ' Ilonkle, Merritt C, 747 | 

Fir<t towns and litit.-s, 95 Herring, C>eorp;e, 362 I 

Fish. E. TL. 825 Ilfven.-r, H. S., 156 I 

Fl.-vhner, John 0., 748 IliJl, Clydo S., 523 I 

Forrester, Asa 15.. 623 Hill. James ]\T., 520 I 

F...svt]i, John S., 294 Hite. David, 402 . ,. < 

Fr.MMont— Town of. 75 Ililf, Jacob. S19 "' I 

Fremont townslup--First sotllers, 408 [lito, John W., 532 :; 

Frit/. L., G13 Hoiran, John, 278 | 

Frost. Hanic] 11., F54 Homer township — First .settlers, 410 ' | 

Frv, J. H., 731 Horridr-e. Coorge, 342. 425 [ 

Fry. U. 8., 44r> ' Hou,L;-hton. .Tohn A., 409, 702 I 

Fry. AVilliain. 403, 6S0 ' Houixhton. Vrilliam A., 705 I 

I'ry, \V. E., 776 Hiimphicy, Coorge, 707 j 

HuTtiphrey, Hugh, 409. 792 5 

,, , r • n i>io Huniplirev, Joseph, 409 I 

(.ardemann. Fonis C., 643 i .. - i > - 

Carriher, Joseph, 306 I 

( iarrisoii— Fariii('r.s ' Saving.- ISaiik. 141; Inninn, O.-vilk, 574 " 1 

iV'oplc's vSavinirs Bank, 142; Prcsby- Towa Canninfr Company, 425 ] 

i<ri:iii clnucli, 269: Ccrman Haptist, Iowa Protection Company, 2S8 } 

-7;'.: i)ast and present, 374: iiiius Iowa, township — First seitlcrs, 121 | 

tries and telophoue compnnies, 375; Tiidiaris. Ifist of, 34 j 

secret societies, 375 Indiiin treaties, 28 | 

'■(;;'.;risor. Independent,"' 157 Iowa TFnion "NFedical Society, 310 1 

<;ii.l>iii-,. A.. 4i)S Trviriir Institute. 165 ' \ 

Cilehrisl. (';,.•(, I -c- :\r.. 101, 293. 295. 429 ' | 

<;iU-iirist. Jiiiiics Y.. 523 Jaeksop. towrishi}> — I'^irsf, settlors, 411 j 

IJdrnore. Jolm, svO Jewiv), William, 441 j 

<;n)rl,>ii. Tho!iias C, 263 Johnson, Alevander. 409 I 

i:.,(M.v,er. Jo,epii J., 604 Jolin.-oii. David K.. 409, 799 f 

«;'-"de!l. Charles .M., 6.^5 Johir^or. David :\L, 734 \ 

'.Iraveidiorst, Ida M., 705 ^ Johnsou, Coorge, 482 • 

'■.ritPin, C. C, ;:0S, 854 ' . ''■ •• Johnsi;n, J.ames, 896 | 

•■r^inirn. H!i, SOI Jolinson family, 414 > 

t ;,•.,.. Vi.-M.-i<, 7J5 Jones, J. W..*598 i 

'■!■.. to. M- nrv F., 525 Jnacs, Mi1l;ird \V.. 835 \ 

'ir.n'owaM, William J., 493 '• t 

<.nimi, (F, 411 ... .. ^ „,„ \ 

Kalilor, James,, 6.32 ; 

Kane tow.Tship — Early settler'^, 120: 

H;i;ren. Fred, P03 pioneers of, 412; origin of name, 412 

Hali'lireed tract, 29 Kearns, Hiram W.,* 764 

Hamann, Fred, 719 Kearns family, 416 

ll.-nifnrd, Rush R.. 808 Keith, Samuel E.. 344. 528 

llanna, Alexander H., 397. 836 Kellop,ir, Ah.nzo S.. 686 •..• rtt '.'ftS 

iiamia, John W., S41 Kellopir, Cora W., 723 

iia-ina. William H.. S42 4:(j Kelfe.-'i', Cuv. 244, 339, 723 

Hauiien, William M., 884 Kelly. 'charl'es, S47 •' -''• ' ' ' 

lian^en, Thouias. 883 Kelly. John, 449 

ii;<rder, Henry, 787 Kelly, "\U(d>ael, 416, 477 •■ 

'':*rper. .M.-.K-irder. 410 Kenyon, Ainry, 401 

".trp.r. f'h;M-e->s S., 78^ Kecd'oak, the Indian chief. 26. 31 

H.irji.'r. .1. ^'•,■iIson, 762 Kerr, Steward J.. 8'2 

'■arpr-r, Robert A., 343, 834 Kevstoue. St. Johii "s Cerunm Lutheran 



church, 279; present town, 3S2; banks, 
382; ilerca-ilile Company, 3S3; .seciet 
societies, 3 S3 

Kirk, KicLard, 516 

Ki;k Dry (iuods Comj):.ny, 516. 

KIu^s, Frederick H., 670 

Knapp, George K-, 111, 340 

Kn;ipp, John', 111, 340 

Knapp, S. A., 1S4, 257 

Knupp, L. C., bS2 

Kuuth, A\'i]liaiiu, 483 

KoLsto, Iver C, 5S3 

Kolito, L. A., 503 

Ko<>pnj;in, 0. A., 659 

Kramer, Emma K., C17 

Kramer, Henry C, G14 

Kroehiike, Herman D., bS5 

Kroelinke, John P., 4G3 

Kruse, H. G., 157 

Kueii, Mathias, 570 

Kuhn, Henry, 651 

Kuim, Ptter, 406 

Lamb, Henry J., 3SS, Sll 

L;fKue, Chambers C, 734 

Latiiie, Eliza S., 737 

Le iioy towjiship — Fir.-t settlers, IIG 

Locriard, J'nink, 473 

Little, Alexander H., 7 73 

Loekhart, tSamuel M., S9 

Loizeaux, J. J., 343, 638 

Loizcaiix, Leou S., C3S 

Loup. CorueliiH P., dS'j 

Lon</, Delia S., 590 

Long, William J., £13 

Lorenz. JoYin, 728 

Lormor, Frank, 7S2 

Lormrjr famiiy, 404 

Lov\c, Frank, 5S4 

Loue, Frederick, 407 

Luzerne — German Ltithcran church, 27;'; 

past and present, 3Si 
Lj'inan, Frederick, 144 

Maa^', Alatfiias. G94 
McCaridiess, Tiiornas B., 496 
^rcCi'lley, Eiiseiie \V., 6S3 
McCune, Tlionms F.. 156, 470 
McElroVj George D., 535 
McFlroy, Hays IF, 534 
.Mc'hauahan family, 408 
.NfcLnu'-rhlin, Tlioma?, fcS6 
^Fc.Millaii. Robert F.. 711 
Mali, William A., 776 
ilarieita, John E., 25S, 2G0, 345, 434 
Martin. David E., 474 
ifear.s, W. W., 346 
Merise, John P., 732 
>b;redilh, .Vlarion, SOS. 450 
Meredith. Snrali L., 450 
Methodism, 255 
Meyer, Jlcnry J., 744 

Meyer, William L., 560 

-Miller, Henry Sr., 887 

Miller, John A., 574 

iNUller, Levi S., 344 

Miller, William, 624 

Mitchell, James, 284, 285 

Mitchell, J;im.-s R., 400 

Mocllor, John D., 513 

Morrow, E. H.. 3S9, 543 

Mosnat, J. J., 299 

Mount Auburn — Savings Bank, 143; 

Christian churcli, 275; early history, 

"]\[ount Auburn l\*i\vs," 150 
Murphy, Beriiard, 147 
Myers, G. M., 152 

Xarber, Homer, 678 

Xell, Jacob, 857 

Xewhali — Town of, 3S9 

Newspapers ("see Press) 

Nichols, Clarence, 780 

>^ichols, John ])., 779 

Noble, Andrew L., 693 

Noble, C. A., 151 

Noble, Isbaad, 415, 602 

Noble, Jan)es'A., 60f? 

Northport — The county seat, 73; re- 
christened Vinton, 74 

Norway — Lenton County Saviiigs Bank, 
141; First National "Bank, 142; St. 
Michael's Catholic church, 276; vil- 
l;ige, 37G: founder, 376; societies, 37S 

Novak, Frank A., 303 

Novak, John, S02 

Palmer, George L.. 399, 504 

I'almer, H. N., 344 

I'almer, Walter S., 897 

Palmer, T. S., 344 

Parker, John, 394 

I'aizybok, Snmuel F., 542 

Patrons of Hir-bandry, 50 

People's Savings Ba'ik of Shellsburg, 

People's Savings Bank of N'intou, 5-' 

I'help;., Stephen, 266 

PliVsicians — The cotintrj- doctor, 

first physician of Vinton and 1 

Piaine, 308 
Pickart, John H., 761 
Pickering, Isaac. 441 
Pleasa.'it Hill I'resbyteriau church, 
Pohlmnnn, Henry, 517 
Pohlmann, Jacob. 793 
Pol!: township — Early pioneers. 124 
Population, 44 
I'ress, 3 44 

Property valuations, 39 
Pyne, D. B., 150 
Pyiio, .Tohu F., 155 
1'. ^1. Coder Po.-.t, G. A. R., Vinton, 


:i06 : 





r.tL.lrkt", Henry A., 536 

i;...,l.k.'. UtloL., 060 

U.iJrk.;. \A'illi;iin A., CC6 

l';.i!r')ads— Cedar Rupids & St. Paul Co., 
IHO; iiuiliugion, Cedar Rapids & 
.Minnesota Railroad completed, 13J; 
ri'ters N'inton, 132; Shellsharg branch 
132; Rock lildud road, 132; Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul, 133 

R.iil-hack, John, S17 

Railsl'ack, Samuel E., 818 

R::!vea, Frank R., 2-16 

K:ilVea, L., 245 

Itiiveuscroft, J. K., SSG 

Ravenscroft, J. T., 551 

Rav, Frank G., 424 

Rei'-ss, George, 725 ■ 

Roisscr, Ifenry, 445 

Religious Idstory, 254 

F;cnungtou family, 414 

Rice, James, 395 

Rice, Moses W., 400 

Ri.-hart, Joliu, 404, 554 

Rieke, CiiarlcS, 750 

itife, A. K., 7S6 

i;i!. V, William A., 781 

K..liCTt.^on, Andrew, 411, 749 

IJiiliinvcin, G'-A'Cge Vv'., 5SU 

l>',^v, Wi'lliam G., 7G6 

Rosenberg. Daniel S, Gil 

Royee, RuJetick, 819 

llo/ema, Jolm IL, 433 

Sacs and Foxes, 31, 32 

Si. Clair, Archibald, 515 

Si. Clair Rrothors, 40 i 

Si. ("laii, .rohn_ ^I.. 775 

St. Clair, William M., 794 ' 

S.inder^. David A., 642 ['' 

Sanders, John B., 405, 037 

SaviiL'o, Thomas E., 11 

S;-hiM, AndroY/ W., 411, 663 

S'hiid, Jolui. 53S 

Scl-ild. lli'nry J., 541 

.^•'iiiirni, Kenry, 658 

."'iMiluiU/:, Ferdinand, 724 

S.h'nidt, Olto B., 875 

.■^*-lii:oor, Xicliolas, 605 

S.-hool districts, 164 

S-hroeder, Plenry, 700 ^ 

Scliroeder, John -11., 780 

S.-i,wab, Henry, 831 

S,-..i;.,n. James, 832 

N.-lk. Chri.stian. S79 

S.-lk. Jolm. 8G9 " 

S.di.'ok. James L., 402 

Shane, John, 293 

sii.llsburg— Tiie ihxlbcrls, bankers, 
People's Savings Bank, 141; ]M 
.list church, 261; j're:-'byterian cl 
-!.'.7: i'.aptist church, 270; oriij' 
name, 367; present town, 3GS; 


i o r 


chn-rch, 369; first railroad, 360; a 
village, 371; first bank, 372; secret 
societies, 372 
"Shellsburg Call," 158 
Slierman, Buren R., 297 
Shuck, dam^esD.. 502 
Siiutts, Rewis E., 399, 707 
t)hults, Peter, 399, 706 
SJack, Elarvey, 152 ■...' ' ' •' 

Smith, Spencer, 492 
Smytlie, Williams, 234, 287, 292 
Spanish-American War, 243 
Spanish-American War Veterans, 245 
Spencer, Charles II., 415 
Spencer, Victor G.. 415, 635 
Springer, Jacob, 110, 182, 239, 874 
Squatter "defined/' 112 
Stage IJne.s, 125 

Stale Bank of Vinton, 433 
Slate roads, J 28 

Steamboats— "Export," 12G; "Black 
Hawk," 127 

Stewart, William A., 408 

Stickney, David H., 798 

Slickney, George E., 799 ■ •■' 

Sticknev, William W., 797 

Stocked, Eleazer W., 412, 752 

Stookcy, Charles F., 591 

Struve, Carl, 648 

Struve, John. 495 

Stuck-onhruck, flerman P., S45 

Summers, J. C, 371 

Sweet, Ciiarles A., 441 ' 

Sweet, Sidney S., 436 

Tannehil], G.'orgc \Y., ISO, 466 

TannehiU, Jennie G., 466 

Tatge, August V., 413, 738 

Tatge. Conrad, 413 

Tajlor township — Early settlers, 415 

Thompson, Edward C, 737 

Tliomp:>on, Frank L., 860 

Thompson., James M., 861 

Thompson, John, 713 

Thompson, Samuel, 871 

Thompson, V'. L., 457 

Thompson, William, 408 

Tieuemann, Fred, 517 

Tilson, David, 412 

Til.-^on, Everett, 412, 579 

Tilford, John S., 169 

Tilford Collegiate Academy, Vinton, 168 

Titus, Calvin' P., 245 

Tobin, M. J., 298, 303 

Tobin, llnmias. 169 

Tobin, T. F., 171 

Town, Wellington, 767 

Tov.nships— Organization of, 39; order 

of creation. 392 
Tra.r, James C, 135, 145. 679 
Traev, Jiunrs F., 134, C79 
Traer, William M., 157 

^-"f . INDEX 

Trojovsky. Ch.rlos. S33 ^-into„ Cannin- Cnmanv. ?.?^1 

..""'f- ^- ^'- ^'"^ "Vinton Eacle," 144 ' 

J.U.I., OsHKH, 37G Vi„tnn Pul^lic Lihrarv. ,-^2S 

lwo.00,,,1. Ciiarl,.,., 410 Vint.n "llovjow." 150 

1- • , ,. • ^intoii Savin;:^ P>aiik. 140 

L Mi.)n lownslup — First settler^ l:'-""- 

Urbaiia— -Savings I'.ank. 14:2; fo\ind-Hi Vv'a;:iier. \V. D., 274 

a« "IT(>osi(>r I'.iint." 3"^G: Afarvsvilii- Wairmd — I'arnuT.s' Savincrs Bank 14"- 
bec'!?nos Urbana, SSG: its most stir- t"-'ii "f- 389 '"~ 

riiii,' events. 3S7 \Va]k(M-, V. X.. 404 

Unny, Jonathan L., 541 Walker, Fn-d. 85S 

; "\\'allace. Bruce, 7?.1 

Van Deiiscn. M. B., 400 Wallace, Elmer E.. 693 

Vaiiiiike. If. W.. 413 W;.lla.e, Orr A., 51 9 

\'aiHl7)a'. John P.. .«6? ^\'allcr. AVilliani IT.. 810 

Van Horn. "Walter B.. 344, 469 ^^'a!te^, Josci.]]. S55 

Van Horne — ^fetliodist cluirch, :?fi3: Walter, Peter. 57G 

Evaiip;e]i,-a]- A'^sociatioii, 279; Gcv- \Valtlior, Frederick Jr., 55S 
man Lutheran church, 279; its WaHher, Frederick 0.. 557 
podfather, 379; FaruT^r.s' Co-operative ^^'andseliucider. Chavles,- S24 
. Company, 3S0; Craiu c^ Li\-e .^toek ^\'ard, F. Mario-u, SOS 
Company. 3,S0; lianl;s. 3S] : li,::ri!l. Warner. Peter, 669 
power and t^leplione eompanic?, 381; V.'atkins — Town of, 390 
societies, 3S2 Way, Thoinas, 90, 2S2. 2S3. 291. 292 

V.-m ITorjie. Wil]ia7n C. 379 "Welii tnnu. Aupust, 545 

\ ai! Tlorne "Eiitei priso, " ' 159 Vrehnoari. Uenrv. 3^.5, .526 

Van Ifnriie "?.[et<-or, " 15S ^^'eic;in^•ln. Christian A., 022 

\'aii .Metre. Isaac, 105. 150, 151 AA'eiclmi;;;;. Frank, 631 

Vannico, A. Y.. 39S Weiciunan. John. Vo? 

Vani^kikf. X<dieniiah, 410, 619 Welton. JTenry E.. 720 
■\'anSkike. "\^'i]liain N.. 410. 619 Werner. Henry. 742 

Viiiton— Oldest ]>;.tik. 137; FarnuMs' '•Western T.'iephone Joun;ai,"* 157 

Xational Bank, 139; ."^latc Bank, 140: W!iip].](\ Cyi cuius T., 339, 721 

Viruon Saving's T;ank. 140;'s "^'^'iiipp:,., :\!i!o E.. S9l 

Saviues Bank. 140: pnMic schools'. U'liip-plr., S. T.. 6?S 

172: Xew School I'rcsl.yteriau church Whipple. ^\■i':I!anl P.. 29S. 339. 419 

264; Presbyterian clnircii. 26]': 'Wlritii-. U. B., S^2 

United Prcsbyte'-ini! cliurch, 2G7 ; \^'i!kie-on. C!iarlc>^, us Baptist "churcii. 271; United A\'iliiaiu,s. -B/aii T.. 617 •. - 

Brethren cluirch, 273; Christian \\'illiani.s. Stc(dien D., 61S 

church. 276: St. :\rary's Catholic Wi]]iam>:. W. P.. 340 

church. 277; increase in popiijafiou. ^\'i1son. Adam TT., 4.'=:fi 

311: first selil'T. 3 13; piot:cers. 31); V'il- -i!, TIenry ^L, G7. C?9 

I"ri uii.ut becomes Vinton, 316; inu;ii- ^^"iI-o;J. Ja7ncs X., 773 ' ' ' " 

ci;.;i] ofrieers (lSG9l9!n). :>\u : f},,. Wycknil. j;iij;ih. 415 loenl and water works. 327; 
olcctric li-lit p!:int and free public 

library, :;2.-^: t.-h'phone companies ^ """^^ -^nhn, 34; 

:;29: secret socicti,-, ?,?.-2: Booster '>.'""!.^'- -'"''"i D.. f 

( iub. \';nto!i. 330; v-orhl's larj^est \""'i'-'. Jam.'s F.. 336 

corn cantiiiii: fiictory. 331; Viufnu liobert X. 423 
Pearl I'.utron f;irfnry, n.-^il; Minne 

Estenui Pa.rk, Vinton, 332; Epworth 7„,,>ir' M-,,k li --7 

E.a,LU.e. Vinton. .335; lo:,din^' citizens, ^""•~- ■^'•"'^- ^'- '"'^ ,-> 

■-' f' 

Vo" i- 


CllAl'TEPi I. 


By Pkufessor Tho.mas E. Swagk, FopvM.grj.y Assistant 
State Geoluoist of Iowa. 

Location and Form— Chief Topographic and . Geolog- 
iCAE Feati-kks— Great Iov.a Ice Field— Broken and Pic- 
Ti-KESQUE Features— PiCTL-KESQLE Benton County— Evi- 
dences OF PiiKiiisTORic :\Ian-- Drainage of the County— The 
Iowa KivER--TiiE Cedar JJivei;— Pk-^irie C*;EEii— Water SrrruY 
OF Benton County— Belle 1'lalne Artesl^n Area— Belle 
I^lalve's "Ju^!Bo"— Building .Materlvls— Clays and Coal — 
Tlmeek and Groves. 

The physical characterstics of l^entuii rounly. as of any other 
.v.-tioii of the Uiiitfd States. hifL'e]>- dettM'Diino its history iu a 
material sense--thr nature aiui progress of its agrieulturc. its 
standard crops, its value as a livestock eoimtry. the location of its 
towns and cities, the variety if its nianufaetnres and, to a great 
extent, the very charaet(M- of its people. A simple and clear delin- 
eation of them indii'ates the rnv maierial from which have evolved 
I>n.>perous and advanced communities. A consideration of this 
topic has therefore V)een made introductory to tiie human history 
of the county. N.atural liist«'ry. in its --very foruE is the real l)as:s 
of human or political history. 

Location and Form. 

S\ t'n. 

B.nt(m <-(mnty is located in the east-central portion of Iowa. 
\v\ni: across the middle line of the state from north to soutlu while 
iis eastern bonier is alnnit seventy-two miles from the :Mississippi 
river. Its extreme soiithwestein portion is cat hy the channel of 


Vol. I— 1 r. ;' ■ , 


tlif lowji river, and tlic nnrtlu'rn pari is crossod (iiau'nnall\ 1),\' tln' 
valley of the Cedar. The county is rectangular in form, thirty 
miles in a north and south direction and twenty-four miles in width 
emhrjii'inLT an area ^li' 7'20 s(juai\'^ miles. It emljraees twenty eon- 
Lrressional. as well as tv/en1\' ei\"il to'.s-nships ; fifteen of the latter 
ai'e of the usual size, whih' the other five — (.'echir. Harrison, l^olk. 
Taylor and Benton — whicli are located towards the northeast cor- 
ner, are more o)' less irregular in si/.c and form, owing to the fact 
that their houndaries are in })art determined by the winding chan- 
nel of the Cfnlar river. 

I^enton county is ])re-eniinent!y an agricultural region. The 



lfe-v»ai«;,SAa^aBLfe" '-af ^•- 

T'ii'jcAi. L.vKi; scr.Nt: i.\ j;k.\tiin coi xtv 

« Ih 

larger por'tion of this hea.uiifril area lies within thi> section covered. 
})y the lowan ice sheet of 1 Meistojiceue time. 1'|ie di-ifl of this age 
lias furnished a soil that is .'-nrixi.-scd in depth, fertility and pi'o- 
ductiveness. Th.e l)eautiful hoTries of the peo]de. the large and 
commodious farm l)uih]iugs. the herds of higli grade cattle, hogs 
and horses, evide-uce the j)ros]V'rity which springs from a prorhic- 
tive soih 

Benton count \' lies outside of the main area of the Coal ^feas- 


ures of Iowa, and eonsequcutly the history of the early exploitations 
(»f tltat iiunera] did not involve this particular jjortion of the state. 
X(> valuable iisincral deposits of any kind liave attracted the practi- 
<'al sUidciits of geology to this region. The problems of the 
superficial deposits did not ap]ieal to WDvki.-rs in tlic science of 
geology until recent years; h^nce, the chroni(.'lers of early ex[)lor- 
ations in Iowa rarely give to the county even passing notice. 

The pioneer geologist, Dr. D. D. Owen, does not mention the 
coiinly by name in his report oi' 1S52. but he might well liave re- 
fcri-ed to her billowy surface when he thus described the rural 
bi'auty of a portion of the state : '' Undulating praines interspersed 
^\■ith ope)i groves of timber and watered \vith pebbly or rocky- 
l!cih](.'d streams, pure aijd transjiarent ; hills of moderate height 
and gentle slope; here and there, especially toward the heads of 
the streams, small lakes as ch^ar as the rivers, some skirted with 
timbei' and some Avith banks for)ned l)y the greensward of the open 
prairies; these are the ordinary features of the pastoral land- 

Sc.ipc." ' . ■ . 

Chief Topogkaphic axd (Geological Featl'kes. 

Tlie county as a whole embraces topographic phenomena of 
exceeding inteiest. for the reason that the surface features over 
'ine portion of the area have been developed through the destructive 
processes of erosion, while those ()\er another part of the region have 
iieon moulded by the'eonstriictive auency of ice. 

Tlie entire surfa<-e of tie,' cuuntx' is driLt-eu\-ered, with the ex- 
ci [ilioji of small areas of f!u\;;d deposits along the flood plains of 
Ihc tiU'giU' streams. The di'il't ni' tlif coiinty ha.-; been derived from 
two diil'erent ice slieets. wliid). in time, are separated by an excced- 
i!e:i\- lung intei-val. The two topographic areas mentioned above 
are coincidtMJt willi tlie areas over which the drift of these respective 
ice sheets are spread oul at Ihc- surface. The older portion of the 
rci^ion, that o\cv Vvhich the ujipcrmost till is of Kansan age, em- 
braces a little mo)'e than the .south half of Iowa towijship, the south 
part of Leroy and a small area near the south side of the township 
"f Saint Clair. 

'I'he histoiy of this ancient surface is one of long continued 
exp.isure to the processes of weatliering and the agents of erosion, 
it is recorded in the chemical and physical changes that have been 
a'-eomplished in the superficial poi'tion of the drift. It is re\ealed 
ill the deeply carved and thoroughly dissected divides. It is re- 


rtectt'd ill tlie doptli of the stream ehaniiels and in the great Avidth 
of their flood jthdns. Jn fit-neral, it is cle])ieted in every feature of 
the hviid.sea])e. \\hi«-]i is typi<-al of a water-seidptured rei^iou 
approaehing tlie conditions of topographic maturity. 

Tlie area over which tlie later, or lowan, drift wa.s spn-jid 
emhi'.u'os the nii">st iti the county, wilh the exroplion of the older 
portion outlined above. That the to])O.L;r;iphy of this area was im- 
pressed upon it 1»>' the ii-e is shown by the g,'entle curves and slight 
inctpialiti* s in tlie surface; by tlie s^-nnt developuKut of definite 
strenia channels and the abscuce of any widely extending series 
of sf'condai-y branches; by the pi-esencc of innuniei';d)le swales or 
saucerdike depressions whirh lie between low, rounded elevations, 
and which have not yet Ijeen obliterated either by filling or by drain 
age, or by bofli of these means e<wibined. The above are glacial 
phenomena, and ihey clearly testify to the recent retreat of the iee 
manth' a.nd to the extreme topograjdiie youthfulness of this portion 
of the county. 

_, , Gkeat T(.m*AX Ice Field. ■ i 

it wjis these two forces — the wearing away of the water, and 
the bcjning and dejio.Nition of drift by the ice sIkh'In — that deter- 
mined the characteristies of the t-opograi)hy of Benton county. The 
limits of (he southern extension of tlie lowan ice sheet are indicated 
by a sinoiis line of irregular elevations extending acrciss tlie stnitli- 
eru part of the county, and r(.)ughly corresponding to tlie route of 
the Chicago & Northwestern liailv\ay, or perhaps more properly, 
Praii-Ie creek. The area in T-5enton count\' that was covered by the 
lowan ice sh.eet incbides mos( of |li;it ]:)ortion lying to tlie north of 
tlie liordering line of hills mi-nlioued. its physical featni'es being an 
initlulnlinL'- predrie o\-er which gentle swells and swales 
alternate i)i almost endless succci^sion. 

'i'iie portion of Benton county over vdiich tlie superfieial drift 
is of Kansan age embraces about forty sqnare miles in its extreme 
south and southweslern portions, its northei-n border being approxi- 
mately aliont five miles from the elumnel of the Iowa river. As 
wouhl be expeeted fi-om its p)-oxim.ity to the' rivei', the Kansan plain 
is here deeply crash'd and t rem bed by an intricate system of 
stream cliannels so thai no larire undissected u]dand areas are left 
in this portii'U of the i-ount\', 'Jdie wairon roads have in many places 
no relali'U] to the section lines, but follow the channels of the streams, 
or wind in a zigzag manner along tin- to])s of the narrow diviiles. 


From these rid-es the traveler looks off on cither side over an al- 
most endless series of hills and ravines. The tops of the elevations 
v\<>^ sixtv to ei-'hty feet alvnc the deeper valleys. The slopes are 
.Miit*' steep. The hottoni of the smallei- runnels n\\^. open and then- 
sides ar.' sharply an.iruhir. testifying- to the aetivity of erosion at 
the present time. 

Broken and Pictukksque Fe.\tures. 

Although the balk of tlie area of Benton county, which was 
covered bv the lowan iee sheet,, is gt-nerally an undulating prairie, 
sclitarv bmvhlers of light colored granite ar. not infrequent, hieing 
,„r,.l nunu-rous in Iowa, Kane, and Leroy towasliips^ near the souih- 
WL-stern border of the L.wan drift ^rea, where the country is quite 
broken; and in the northeastern portion of the county, near Cedar 
rWvr. In tli" e;>st-ccntral portion of Monroe townsliip, m the north- 
r-ast (piarter of Big Grove townsV-ip, and so on. to the northeast 
...rner of Florenee township, is a broken chain of hills or ''island 
areas." eovered bv deep deposits of loess devoid of bowlders. 
The hill top., stand about forty feet above the i-avines and some 
sixlv above the prairie surfae(>. All geological indications point 
to the exi)lanation tliat the ice ^,hich moved over tliai ])art!cidar 
ana was so thin that it failed lo cmipletely overilow these island 
a,-.>as. When the early settlers came to Benton county they found 
tluse elevated areas covered with forests, and groves of native 
inuber still remain on some of the steeper hillsides. The pres- 
ence of such a woodland area within its borders, in the midst 
u\- the t.-eeless prairie, suggested for Big Grove township its 


Tn the northeastern portion of the county, in the proximity 
nf the C<^dar river and its larger tributaries, there is an area 
over whicli the present topouraphy has been largely determined 
Itv tlie a-encv of wind. The surface is liere quite broken. The 
liiils in manv places are crowned with tine-grained materials. 
and rise to a heiuht of iifty to sixty feet above the lower hinds. 
This region is embraced in the Towan drift plain, but its surface 
is niodilied by exceptional erosion, and by the presence of abun- deposits laid doxni by the v.inds. In many places numerous 
hirge, grav. granite bowblers. are scattered quite thickly over 
lli<'"h,^un- "lands and on the thinks of the hills. Bowlder-stre^^-ll 
li-lds are m-.rc cnnspicious top..uraphic features over this por- 
tion of (he lowan drift i>lain than at any -ther points in the 


c-(nmty. These large granite masses ajipeni- iiicon'jrruous anioiig 
the trees th;it still cover the steei>er slopes. 'J'ht- timber grovi-sof 
white r)al; and vvd i);ik. of cIim. liii-l<oi'\-. liiis^wond. ;tnd hu'iter- 


'*.'jr =»,->,?wrai>i;- 

:v yj^^'^^'\'^Wy^'\' 


y'^— i^AS^----" :e^i^:i[l,i:?.;:'i :a---- ■' u,f, <i'ar;^'rt;-yt-arffVi)'^7..C-' 


7nit. seem to thrive not a wliit less; porfectly over this portion 
of the Towan plain than on the clay ridg»'s over tlie ronglu'V 
ix.rlion of the Karsan. 


TliP area embi'at cd htdwien the in nd of tlv^ Cedar rivci" 
and the abandoned valley of .^and Prairie is ])re-eminently the 
seenir portion of the eoniity. h^or pnrposes of tillace the land 
cannot be rompared with the deep, black soil of the wiile prairie 
that surrounds it at some distan'-(- on m-ei-y side. The steep 
hills!o]tes and sand covt'red crests sliould ne\-ec be defor.ested. 
noi- shoidd the plow of the too enterjir-isini;' farmer be ;dlowed to 
convert these nnifoi-m slopes into anLrnlar ti'i'ncli(^s and rain 
washed irulleys. Tf tlie more ilensely wooded jiortion of this 
area, so coM\-enient to thi' towns of Vinton. Shcllsbui'j- and I'r- 


bauji, could be preserved as a picnic ground or public park, 
accessible to all for purposes of pleasure and recreation and for 
tlie Ifeuelicent iniineuee ^v}nch objects of natural beauty so grac- 
ious!}' aifoi-d, it would pi'ove a constant source of satisfaction 
and cnjoynnMit to the cnlighteui'd people of iJeuton county. 


Tt is also within this picturesque area that many evidences 
of pre-liistoric man arc found, chieliy in the foi'm of circular 
mounds aiul oblong earthworks. Numerous stoiie hatchets, Hint 
arrowlif-ads. scrapo's and otlser iuij>Iements of early mail have been 
found o\'t/r tlie reuion b>' Thomas Carver, of Slu'llsl>urg. and by 
other enthusiastic collectors. N<.ar the noi'tlnvest corner of sec- 
tion 15, of Benton townsliip. there is a glacial laK'e that covers 
an area (»!' three and one-half to four acres, ami which formerl\' 
was (sf much l;)rL;er si/e. It is surrounded by low, foi-cst-cl;td 
bilk. ;!ik1 i-; situat''(l one Innidr^'d feci al)0ve the flood ])lain of 
tlie Cedar river and twenty rod.-^ .s(Uilh of tlie blufi' that l)or!hTs 
the valley. About three-fourths of a mile southwest of Ihis lake 
there are a number of moun<!s composed of rather fine-graiiail 
sand, and disposed in a line along the crest of a divide that is 
bordered on either side by a d"e]) ravine. Another group consisting 
of ten or twelve circular moiuids arranged about an oblong ridge 
si.\- or seven rods in length, occurs a short distance To the south- 
cast of the lake mentioned above. Excavations in these mouiuls 
have furnished a f ev>' poorly preserved fragments of bones. 
The mounds are probably tunudi where men of a departed race, 
with, -.i keen sense of the beauliiui willnd. bu.ili tlie g.ravcs of 
their fathers beside the quiet waterc of this charming lakelet, 
and ovei'looking the valley of the river where ]iicturesque bluffs 
of woodland and scarped dills of limestone nuike beautiful its 
bordering banks. 

North of Urbana, in Polk township, the level surface of the 
Towan drift plain sti'erches ludu-oken up to the northern border 
of Benton county. South of the Cedar river there is a nigged 
area lying between that stream and the main line of the old 
Burlington. Cedar Papids ;ind Northern railroad, embracing a 
part of Taylor township, tiie whole of Benton and the northern 
portion of Canton. The to]is of the sand or loess crowned hills 
rise fifty feet aliove the marshes, basins oi* valleys that lie between 


thciii. In many of these clrposits the hioss contains fossils. A 
good exposure of such a fossil lieariug bed may be seen in tlic 
east-central part of section 34, lienton towiiship. 

Drainage or the CoUxVtv. 

Th'!' chief topographic features of the land of Benton countv 
have been described, with the geological and other natural causes 
by which they were developed. In noting the causes for its 
general drainage, it is evident that the main determining inliu- 
euee is the comparative altitude of different points, or, in popular 
parlance, the "slope of the laud." Observations taken in the 
northern sections give the altitude of ^Mount Auburn at 863 feel 
above sea le^■el, and Mnton as SOS feet. In the southern part of 
the county, Keystone has an elevation of 883 feet and Atkins, 
of 841; Belle Plaine of 824, and Norvray of 792. Without going 
into further details, it may be irjferred that the slo]>e in the north- 
ern part of the county is toward the southeast and in the south- 
em paj't, almost dvw east. And if the most conclusive proof 
were to be given, it would be the general directions of the streams 
which drain the surface. 

Two master streams, the Cedar river aiid the Iowa, control 
the drainage of Benton L-ouniy. The northeastern and the 
southwestern portions of the county are pretty well dissected 
by stream channels, and conseciuently have a fairly thorough sur- 
face drainage. Over a huge portion of the inter\ening area, 
however, marshes are not infi-equent. ]\Iany of the sloughs have 
not yet been converted into corn fields, nor have all of the swales 
been })roj)erly tiled and put under the plow. 

These inarshes are the contracted remnants of once larger 
glacial lakes. They represent the last stages in the pa.ssing of 
tfiese lakes i'vom which the watej- has been banished by the devel- 
.opment of slight drainage, by the shrinlcing of the ground water, 
by filling with material borne by the winds and wa.shed by the 
i-ains from ihe bounding slopes, and by the accumulation of the 
imperfectly deeomposed remains of moisture lo\ino' plants which 
for many generations tlo\irished around the shallow margin of 
these prairie pools. 

Some of the marshes still furnish congenial conditions for 
the growth of cat-tails and i-ushes. Tlic me'st of them, however 
support a luxuriant irrowth {>( swamp graxs and sedges. DuriuL;' 
the summer months the uniiormlv i-ieli m'een e.ilor of thes<- "-rassv 


patches is broken only v/liere a solitary water licmlock spreads 
aloft its delicate umbels or a swamp milkweed \iniolds its pur- 
ple flowers. Su.-h areas are usually left by the fa:-mer for native 
meadow, or fenced and utilized for purposes of pasturage. 

The Iowa River. 

The Iowa river receives the run-ofi: fi-om an aiea of about 
seventy-five square miles in the southwest corner of the county. 
It enters Benton from Tama county about tlie middle of the west 
side of section 31 of Iowa township. It cuts across the southwest 
corner of this section aud enters Iowa county about the middle of 
the south side of the same section. After passing south for a 
distance of one-fourth of a mile, the cliannel bends northward 
and once more enters Iowa tov.iisliip near the southwest corner 
of section 32. It meanders near the south side of this section 
for one-half mile, then bending further southward it again leaves 
r^.^)iton comity and returns no more to its border.-:. 

Along this portion of its course tiie river flows in a channel 
of pre-Kansan age, which was probably carved in the indurated 
rocks before the advent of the Ghicial epoch. Weils that have 
been put down over the flood plain of the Iowa river, in Benton 
county, show that th.e pre-glaciai channel was more than two 
hundred feet deeper than the bed of the present streatn. The 
width of the ancient Vfdley has not been definitely ascertained.' 
but well borings would indicate that it was probably not less tha)i 
five or six miles. The waters of the present river flow in a 
l)road flood plain nearly two miles in width. The valley is bor- 
drrod by biu^s of Kansiui drift ttiat stand sixty to eighty feet 
above the bed of tlu^ strvam. At nou.' of the nnmcrous mean- 
ders of tlio river has tlic curieut cut away the bordering hills to 
such an extent as to expose the indurated I'ocks which formed the 
lianks of the pre-glacial valley. 

Tlie only tributary to the Iowa -river whose waters are large- 
ly collected from Benton co\uity is vSt*>in creek. This stream 
i-ises ill the ill drained swales of the lowan drift plain near the 
southern boi-der of Kaiu^ township. It tiows in a southea.sterly 
direction across lov/a t<»wns]ii]). crossing the county line near 
the southwest corner of section 3(1. It drains a few square miles 
along the south side of the township of Kane, and the greater 
portion of the surfai-e of Iowa lownsliip. 


Tnr; Ceo ah River. 

TJ.'p Cedar river enters I'entoii county, from Black Hawk, 
near the nortliwest corner of section 6. township S6 nortli. ranire 
10 west. It Hows for about two miles in a dii-ection a little south 
of e;:st and then bends iiear]y clue south for a distance of three 
inile.s. Along this portion of its journey the waters are bomided 
for nuieh of the distance by abrupt ledges of limestone. Near 
the middle of the west side of section ?1 of Harrison township 
the river bends westward, debouchint^^ in a broad, drift Imrdered 
valley, one and one-half to two miles iu width, which it fullows 
down to the city of Vinton. 

Tiiis broad vjdk-y continues toward the southeast from Yin- 
ton, past the town of Shellsburg; and beyond the limits of the 
county. It is bordered on tlie north by rather aljruptly sli)piu^' 
hills, Init on the south the bed of the channel merges by a gentle 
gradient into the undulations of the lowan plain. Instead of fol- 
lowing tlie dirc'-t eourse in the channel ;dready fonn^-d, the 
bed of which is only a iew feet higlier than its o^^^l tloed plain, 
the Cedar river swings northward at Vinton and continues to 
finw in that direction up to the southeast corner of section 0, of 
"■j'aylor township. It then changes to a southeasterly trend for 
t\vo and one-half miles, when it again bends to the northeast for 
one mile, and then, with a sv.'iug to the southeast and east, it 
reaches the old town of Benton City, about the middle of the 
west side of section 20. Benton to\mship. At this point once 
more an opportunity was presented for the Cedar river to ap- 
propriate an old pre-glacial chamiel. ATith inexplicable perver- 
sity, it again tuins a-side from the ready foimed waterway ar.d 
cluwsing the longer course and more dit^cnlt route, it swings in a 
bi-oad curve two and one-half miles fartlier north, carving a new 
clumnel one huudivd and tweiity-fivc to one Imndred a:,d fifty 
feet in depth ni the hard limestones of the Cedar Valley stage. 
The river leaves the county near the middle of the east side of 
sections 13 of Benton townshi]). It again meets the pre-glacial 
channel not far from the town of Palo, a short distance east of the 
Benton county line. By the erratic course which it follows from 
Vintoji to Palo the river traverses a journey of eighteen miles to 
shorten the distance to its r.iouth by one-half that number of 
miles. It carves a channel to a depth of more than one hundred 


ftet ill hard limestones, in order to avoid the shallow cutting and 
ready erosiou that would have been required by the more direct 

Pkaikie Crkek. ^ 

Prairie (-r.-el: drains a hirger area iu Benton county than any tributary to the Cedar river. It rises in the of 
Ixaiio and llonvr townships. Jt flows a little east uf south for 
a dozen miles, in a direction nc;,rly pai-allel with the ehantid 
of Salt ereek. which lies ten miles to the westward. an<l with th.> 
valley of Stein ereelc nearer al liand. However, instead of con- 
tinuity: parallel with those streams and renderine- tribute to tlu' 
lo'A-a river, its channel bends abruptly towards the east" near the 
northwest corner of seeticn 1G. of Leroy township. It swiny^ 
two mih^s to the southward as it .-rosses neai- the middle of Saint 
Clair tou-nshi]\ and as'ain ben<ls an oiual distance to the north 
as it passes ;icross the township of Florcnee. From the elbow 
i!! Leroy township the chanru-l of Pi'airie creek maintains a trend 
tliat ispracti.-ally parallel with the valley of the Iowa river up 
to ihe point where it leaves the eounty, near tlie southeast cor- 
ner of section 12 of the latter township. Its waters meet those 
,,r the Cedar river about a dozen miles furtlicr eastward, in Linn 
cniint>-. Prairie creek has a longer flow in Benton county than 
a!u- othei' stream, traversinu' a distance of over forty miles. It 
em'braces in its bosin the larger portion of Kane township, the 
sonthern part of Big Grove, the corner of Iowa, prac- 
ti'^ally the whole of Union and Saint Clair, the larger portion 
o]' Ler(»y and FloreTice and the southern pai-t of Fremont and 
Fldorado townships. It. dr;iins an area of more than one hun- 
dred and eight.v square miles. 

Tliroughout the whole of the eastward flowing portion of 
its euurse in Benton county the bed of Prairie ereek follows par- 
allel with, and only one to two Tuiles distant. from, tlie divide that 
separates its basin from that of the Iowa river. Its attluents 
from the south are short, insignificant branches, none of which 
are of sufficient consequence to merit a nam<^ From the north 
it receives tribute from AYeasel, Buffalo and ^hu\ creeks, the 
hitter being more than a dozen miles in length. Prairie creek i;s a 
typical rcq-resentative of a class of streams in Iowa that have devel- 
oped r.iisymmetrical basins, the ,-liannel of the master stream 
Iviiiu- verv clo.M' \u the south side of tlie are;; wllleh it drains. 


Of the other streams that ovvc alle^ianoe to the Cedar rivf^r. 
ami which flow f(ir tlie gTcatri- portion of tlicir courses in Bi.-iit<in 
(MtDTity, the lar^ftvi are l>lo'-, I'rairii' and Bear oreeks oji the 
iinrtli. and ^FikI. ik-ar, Pratt, Ilinkle and Rock cr<H-ks on the 
sonth. Tiiesc are generally simple, consequent waterways- witli- 
nut any (Oinjilex scrip's oi" secondary branches. They range in 
length from ten to fifteen or eighteen miles. They are all 
prairie streams. Their begiimings can be traced back to the swales 
aTid mar.shy meadows of the lowan drift ]:)lain. Out fi-oiii tliese 
])o,i'gy sloughs the water slowly filters, fonning perennial springs. 
These unfailing fountains ff<>d the larger streams with a con- 
stant supply of ch'ar, pure water. 

For some distance from its source the water follows lazily 
along sliallow. 'grassy depressions that are bordered by no erosion 
foi'med banks. After a fev; miles, each stream becomes estab- 
lished in a v.idf, ]):irtialiy driftfiried valley that was formed prior 
to th(^ advent of the Kansan glacier, and v.hich neitiit^- that ice 
sli-'ct nor the su])seciuent Jowan succeeded in completely obliter- 
ating. Fven here, hov/ever. tlie Ix-d of each of the ])resent streams 
lies but a few feet below the general level of the region through 
whi(di it flows. Along this portion of their courses there is ex- 
posed at rare intervals ledges of indurrited i-oek. Such outcrop- 
pings are exceedingly infrequent, liowever. and ai'e limited to 
the no7-th half of the county, with the exce})tion of a small area 
adjaeent to tlie town of Slicllsburg. 

Watior Supply of Bentox (!orxTv ,.„ .• , 

. ! .-1; 

Almost evn-ywhere in tlie county sh;dlo^v wells find iri the 
(.Ifii'i a bountiiul suppl\' of pure N\ateT" at a d'\|)th r;iTi'.':iri2 irr.wi 
twent\'-iiM' to sevenlyfive feet. 'J'lie Cedar j'ive]- and the lowa 
furnish an abundaiit aiid perm:inejit water sui)ply to the regions 
through which tliey flow. The larger lribut;iries of the Uiajor 
streams have their sources in. the bogg>- spi'ings over the lowan 
plain, and their ))erennial flow sup[dies stock water of the finest 
ki'ul to the fai-ms over large areas. The to^vn of Vinton obtains 
its watei' from two deep wells which {u'Letrate the Saint Petei- 
a!id llie uiiderlyini: sandstones. One of thi'se wt'lLs has a de])th 
of 1.172 feet, and the other l.j'ST feet beutw the surface. 


'""'■ . . ,. . ,St of \'. !|.' T^ 


Belle Plalxk Arteslvx Arka. 

Tlu- soiithwrstorii portion of the county is cinbrac-od in tlie 
i'.cllr Plaitu- artesian hnsin. 'JMie (lowinu- wells of this basin de- 
rive tlioii' water fnnu tlie porou-s -gravels that here imderlio the 
Kansan drift, at a varylni: dej^fh of from ninety to throe hundred 
feet. A inunhci- of sueh wells o.-eur in Towa township, and a 
few are fonnd in Kane and Leroy. Tliose artesian wells furnish 
an ideal supply of water foi- farm purposes. Tlie water carries 
such a hi-h p'en-enta.ue of minerals, lu^tahly calcium and mag- 
nesium srdphate. that it is not suit ;i hie for drinkiiirr or culinary 
purposes. It possesses no vnlunhle medicinal properties. It eon- 
tains such (luantities of inerustiin:- and corrodine- salts that it is 
unsuitable for use in sb'am pipes and boilers. Some yenrs a-j-^ 
the rhica^'o. Milwaukee ami Saint Paul railway e<mipany put 
up a round house and other lar-e l)uildinL-:s at the town of Van 
ITorne. On account of the ])ipe eonsumiuu and incrustin.ii mm- 
ei-als in the water at this place, the works luive beeu ahiuuloned 
iiiid the liuihiin.LTs are now unused. 

The so-called Belle Plaiue area of artesian wells is one^ of 
the most famous <:eolo<;ieal reidons of that nature in the praine 
state's of the west, and has l-een i::ade the suliject of many re- 
ports, both popuhir ami careless, expert and seientifie. AYithout 
beinu nn(bdv teehnieal. we shall brietly describe this interi'stii.-; 
s,"clion .d' th- county. The facts, as a whole, are taken fi-oni the 
very complete and valuable re])ort made by II. Jl :ib>snat to tlie 
Town OeoloLrieal Survey, in ]S99. 

Ab.ait forty nules east of the oeo-iaj.hic;d center of the stale 
ci' b>\\a. i> an area, about om Ituudred square miles in extent. 
occupyin- a portion of the valley of ihe loua river, aud uearly 
Jill of the valley o! Salt creek, a tributary of tlie river from the 
noi-ih. This area is apparently like the adjacent eonulry, but 
hy drillin-- to a depth of 110 to 'M]0 feet uumenms artesian wells 
have been found. Xon-tlowin,2: artesian \vells were seeured in 
tile hii:h. roliiuLT land to the uortheast of Belle Plaine, as early as 
T^S2; four years later a stroncr flow was struck in the city itself 
ami later, in IS^^H. the famous "Jumbo" v/as allowed to break 
loose. 'iMuis, for historical reasons, this has beeu called the P>elle 
Plaine artesian area. The exiiloration of the basiu has not altered 
tlie of the as Belle I'laiue is still approxi- 
mately its center.. In general, the width of the area is about six 
miles, .\bout three ami onedialf miles stmtheast of Belle Plaine 







: r ; ^i^f 





the wi'ltli diiiiinisln^s to about three itiihv;. and from this jtoint 
it i-api'lly im-reases to twelve inih'\s, which v,-idtli it iiiaintaius as 
far soutli as the area has bt*eii exi>h)red. The lieKl, as far as ex- 
l)lored. exti nds from nort^l^^■e^t to s(»nthwest. From Viniug to 
La(hira, a distance of twenty mijex. diaironally ei-(^ssin(; tlie jires- 
ent valley of the Iowa ri\'er. 

The Delh' Plaine artesian aiva is on" of tla^ most important 
of its Idnd iri u'aeial drift of Iowa, emtjraein-^- ahont or.e-tenth of 
ihe whole numher of artesi;)n wells so far di'iiled in ylaeial di'ift 
in tlie state. 

The wells are most numerous iu the ilood-})bdn of the Jowa 
river, particularly in the Salt creek vfdley and westward of it. 
and the water supplyintr all of these mcHs comes from the sanu 
water-hearinir biyer. makinL' vei-y ajiparcnt the reasonableness of 
Professor Norton's definition of the word ";;i'tcsian."' The very 
cas(' thei-e supposed actually oeeui'red to the previously llovvin<_r 
wells in tlie l^elle Plaine- ar"<!. Avhen "dundio'' broke loose; tlmt 
is. the otlar v/ells ccasid flov.'in.i;- and became "deej> wells." 
"d ep boiiufis,'' etc. After 'MujuIh)'' was controlled, the wells 
whii-h had stopped tlowin^r bs-uan to fl(~'vr afrain. 

As remark'crl ;d>o\e. the l^elle Plaine artesian area wa.s dis- 
covered about ]S^'2. in the elevated, roliin;.'; country two to i'our 
miles of l>el!o Plaine. 'J'he water in the first wells 
di'illcd rose to within lwenly-fi\-c or fifty U'vi of the surface. 
They were wholly in blue ehiy. and so were easily drilled and not 
expensive. It was noticed tliat the Avatcr had a peculiar niinerad 
taste; that if hdt a red sidiment and sTaiii; and. after a time, it 
was observed that the water ra})idly coi'rodeil iron pij)e ; but rio 
one took the trouble td have fhi^ water analyzed. The supply 
(;f water w<is inexhaustible and eonstanl. Live stuck liked the 
water after beconnn.L' acciistomcrl to tb.e taste. It, therefore, made 
a c^ood water for stock, and was used for that purpose only, 
heint,' p)inuped usuall\" l)y windniills. 

^ ' •' Belle Plaixe's ''Jlmbo." 

'Mliltou Bros., of BostoJi." sa\-s .Mr. Mosnat, "needed an 
unlimited supydy of water for their creamery at Belle Plaine. In 
A])riK 1SS6, a 2-inch well \sas dialled whi:-h i)roved a pleasant 
surprise. At a deptli of 215 feet, after ])assing tluxiuijh blue 
clay, water was struck which rose from the well curb with a pres- 
sure of more than thirty-five pounds j)er square inch, or to a 


liciirlit of about sevtiity-scven feet fi-(mi the surfare. This \y('ll 
was I<)r'a}(nl at the eastern cd^'e of Belle Plaiiie. Immediately 
other wv'lis Avere drilled. The flow varied Avith tlie ele- 
vatioi! oi' the snrfae(\ ihe water in all tlie wells rising to the same 
hea.d. almut 1)15 feet A. T. A well was'di'iiled on top of a hill 
in the nnrtiiern part of Bell(> Blaine, at an elevaiiiHi of 918 feet 
A. 'i . This well, of eonrse. did not flow, l)ut it was a nuieh more 
reliable indicator of the head than the strong flowing wells. The 
head of water rose tt> within three feet of the surfaee, showing 
the head to he. at that time. 91") feet. 

■'Shortly after the last luentioned well was eompleted. the 
most famous of all Iowa artesian wells was drilled. This well, 
for its brief day. atlr;i'-ted a popular notiee almost as wide as 
the Chni'leston earthiptake. whieh oeeiu'red al>out three days 
later, and with whi'-h the outburst of water from this well was 
eonneeted by a roman<'in'_r iicwspaj)er reporter. Professor 
Ch.ambi-rlin remarked that tlie only similitude of seismic disturb- 
ance, as the cause of this w(dl. was in the nioral faeulties of said 
repoi'ter. Kenewed geyser activity in Yellowstone park, a seism ie 
movement on the op|)osite ln'mis[)here, the Charleston earthqr.ake 
and this runaway well at Belle Blaine, were at once connected as 
faetoi's in a connnon (tistnrbance of the earth's crust. A relation 
between the fii-st tlu'ee niay liave b(>en possiljle. but eounectins 
the well with them was as ridicidous as m.any of the theories 
advanced as to the source of the watei' supply. 

'■'j'he notoriety of 'Jiuubo'. of Belle Blaine, was strictly that 
of a meirilpcr <^f the criminal class, and began with his resistance 
to control, mid lasted only nntil his final imprisonment. The ac- 
et>un1s of the v.'ell gi\iM) in newspapers were in many instanf-es 
most sensational, theii- extravaganee inci-easing directly as the 
s({uare of the di>tajiec from Belle riainc. Europeaji papers 
I^ublislu'd ai-eounts of the water si>ordina' hr.ndi'cds of feet iiito 
th.e air. with, a ro;u' that could lie heard for miles, and even pic- 
tured p<Mjple being rescued by boats from the third and fourth 
stories of houses. 

■ '.."As Brofessor Chamberlin n-marks, the rec(U'd lacks detail, 
and possible ]>recision. But inaccurate as the record no doubt 
is. it is th«' most careful that has been kept, and satisfactorily 
shows the <-:eo]ogieal sti'ucture wliii li will lie considered under 
that heading. This well is a t\'pical well on low ground. The 
elevation of the curb is 811 fei't A. T. A loeal history of the well 
is entitled: 'A complete Hi.^tor_\- of tlu^ Jund-'O Artesi;ui AVell 


of Belle Phiine. Inwa, Known as the Eighth Womlor of the 
Work!.* seeond edition, by A. C. Huston. 

''J'rofessor Norton's aecouin of the history of 'Jumbo' is 
iieeurate. and is j^dven ))elou- with some additional facts. The 
seventh well •Jiiiiiho.' was drilled on lower ground than any of 
the others, and readied the \sater-hearing stratum of sand and 
gravel at 193 feet. (A. T. 813.) 1 he beginning of the trouble 
hiy in the faet that the driller attempted to use the force of the 
tlow in reaming out tlie two-inch )»ore, which he had put do\\-u for 
want of a larger drill, to three inches, the dimension specified in 
the rontract. This task the water speedily accomplished in the 
unindnrated clays and sands, l-u!. not stopping there, went on 
and soon enlarged the bore to ovei- three feet in diameter. "When 
the di-ilhn- saw the result of his inexcusable carelessness-, v.-hieb 
result he ought to have foreseen, he hastily decamped and wa.s 
not licard of until the popular excitement liad subsided. 

'"J'lie force of the water ^vas sufficient to throw out two- 
bushel sacks filled wdth saufl. Through this three foot shaft the 
water boiled up in a fountain liw feet in height — the press reports 
giving several hundred feet as th(^ height of this fountain, were 
exags^erated— flooding streets and lawns, and covering them v/itb 
.s;ui<l. It was estimated that fro^n 500 to 1.000 carloads of sand 
were dis<-harged from the well. The quantity vs-as certainly so 
great that only with the greatest effort could the ditches be kept 
(.pen tn earry oil' the Vvater. (Iravel and small pebbles of the 
drift, i-epicsenting a great variety of nortliern rocks, were thrown 


"The writer has a flint bowlder weighing two and one-fourth 
[Kpunds which was tlirowu out by "Jumbo.' Tliere may ha\'C 
bicn others even larger. It is not neces.sary to suppose that fliese 
larger slone.s came from the botloju of the well, as bowlders arc 
.MM-a.siunally encountert-d in di-illir'g tlirough tlte till sheets. 
l'iec(>s of fossil wood, some of tliua two or three feet long and 
four or five inches tliick. were tlu'oMU out. These, no doubt, came 
from the forest bed which represents the Aftonian interglacial 
staLre betv/een the Kan.san and sub-Aftonian till sheets. Small 
boys, of which the writer was one. put fossil wood, pebbles and 
s.Tiid into bottles and sold them to visitors to the well during the 
few days of its fame. 

"llie maxinmm tlow of wati'r was variously estimated at 5,- 
noM.ijiH) to 9.000.0(10 gallons per day. oO.OOO to 50,000 gallons 

\'c)l. 1—2 


per minute. Two Aveeks after the well was drilled Proi'^-or 
Chamberlin. of the University of Chicago. ealfulaTt-d its dis- 
charge at 3,000,000 gallons per day; 2,000 gallou.s per niinuto. 
The enormous flow rapidly drew down the head until the other 
wells ceased flowing. 

"The attempt to case and control the well contijiued from 
August 2G, 1SS6. the date when the \'."ater was stniek, to Oc-toter 
26, ]SS7, when the task was successfully accomplished. Dr.rine 
. this time the well, 193 feet deep, devoured, as the local historian 
recounts, 163 feet of IS-inch i^'ipe. 77 feet of 16-inch pipe. 60 
feet of 5-ineh pipe, an iron cone 3 feet in diameter and 24 feet 
long, 40 carloads of stone, 130 barrels of cement, and an inesti- 
mable amount of sand and clay. 

"After Jiuubo broke away, the head of ^^■ater in the other 
wells fell rapidly until those on ^lain street-elevation. S48 and ■^46 
feet A. T. — ceased to flow on August 30th ; four days after 
Jumbo began his e.scapade. The head diminished 67 feet in f*;ur 
days, an average of almost 17 feet per day. By September Trh 
the vv-atei- liad dropped to 83S.5 feet A. T.. a fall of 1.3 feet per 
day. From that time until September 20th the head diminisk-id 
at an average of 3 inches per da\'. or to 835 feet A. T. The Lrad 
remained at this point for about 3 day.s— 24 feet above Jumb:> — 
and then began to rise until, on November 22d, it was \nthiji 5 
inches of the surface at I\Iain street, or an averagt- rise of .6 i-y<i 
per day. The well was tlien closed for the winter. About 1S:?C' 
well No. SS was allowed to break away by careless drilling, and 
a second Jumbo oceuri'cd. This one did not act just like the f.rst 
one. Instead of coming out in one stream, the water flowed frr-ni 
every goplier hole over sev( ral acres. It probably spread out in 
an underlying bed of sand. This \\ell again drevs- down the hr?-;-.! 
Little was done to shut n off. It was allowed to run until it h:;.d 
choked itself up, and all the oilier wells had again ceased tioAving.'' 

^^ , ,1 ^ BUJLWNG jAI.vrERIALS. 

The foundation of the rii'h soil frum which springs the agri- 
cullural wealth of Benton county is composed of limestones and 
shales. Although these form the basic supplies of the chemicid 
constituents of the soil, their out-crops are fo\uui only in the 
northern and no)-tlicastern jioi'tion of the county and have be^.-n 
iitili/.ed. economically, to a comparatively small extent. The ex- 
posures of limestone in section 36, Cedar township, and section 


G. Tiiylor to\\'nsliip. fin-nished tlu' best quality of building stone 
t'lUind in tlK' f-ounty. The roclc is yellow, very hard and fine 
ir!'.:ir)i-d. and the ledge ontcrops almost eontinuoasly nt the base 
of a blntl' for nearly a mile. Severn 1 quarries have been operated 
in this loeality, but laek of shippiTig fac-ilities is a serious draw- 
\nv-k. At several points near A'inton deposits have also been 
worked, but. as a rule, the material h»^re has been found suitable 
only for rough nuisonry. Tn the vicinity of Shellsburg the lime- 
, -stone beds have jilso ])rodueed a grade of stone used in cellars and 
foundations. Blocks of the limestone quarried from deposits on the 
CVduV river, in tlie noT-tliern part of the county, may be seen in 
the juers of the Mount Auburn-Brandon bridge; and limestone 
beds have also been worked to some extent near Garrison. In 
nearly all the supply has been for local demands. 

Lime has been manufactured to some extent from limestone 
beds in Taylor and Jack.son townships, kilns in the latter town- 
ship having been operated near Garrison. At various places in 
the state, especially in its eastern sections, stone which is similar 
to tliat found near Garrison has been manufactured into lime on 
a large scale. 

^Materials suitable for permanent road building are abundant, 
and fortunately located. o-\er the courty. The numerous rock ex- 
posures in the townsliips (»f Cedar. Harrison. Polk. Benton, Taylor, 
Jackso?! and Canton, would furnish an unlimited supply of stone, 
wlii'-h. when crushed, wovdd mi.ake an excellent macadam. These. 
oiiicro])s are so readily act-pssiblc from all portions of the area 
thai no lone hauls would be required to cover all of the main lines 
of travel with this material. Along tlie north bank of Pratt creek, 
in Cedar townshij). is a b-nl in wliich the rock frag'ments ^■^e so 
small that. M'ithout cmshin'_r. they are ready to be taken out and 
ap])li('d to the roads. While no exposures of indurated rocks 
<»i-cur in the townships of Bruce, ]\ronroe. Homer, Big Grove and 
Bd'MK yet such deposits are encountered but a short distance 
h('\<'n<l their borders. 

In th? southern portion of tlie county, where the rocks are 
burifd deepl.N' with the drift, there are occa.sional beds of gravel 
whi<-ii furnish a cheap and very satisfactory material for road- 
making purposes. Gravel beds out-crop in Saint Ch'.ir, Florence. 
Iddorado. Canton. Taylor and Iowa to\niships. being near the sur- 
t;if.' and easily worked. Thoy have been used v.ith excellent 
r<'sidts on the wr.Lron road between sections 25 and 36. hi Florence 


towiishij). uiid also on tiie road crossing tlu- iniddlt* of section 24, 
of the t<>^\-nship of Iowa. 

Abnudanee of sand, well adapted for use in mortar, cement 
or plastci-. occurs at a number of plai-es in the county. Large 
(|uantiti«'s are annually tn!;cn from the Hood plain of the Cedar 
river, and th'' larger of its triljutaiy streams. At Vinton the 
supply for Imilding purposes is drawn almost exclusively from 
tlie rive7'\s bed v.ithin its limits. Hills of sand of requisite purity 
and quality for general ]>urposes occur in T'olk", Taylor, Harrison, 
Iowa and Leroy tom)s}ii})S. The sand used at Shellsburg is taken 
from the channel of IJear erx'ek close at hand. Tiie beds of the 
Iowa ri\'er and of Prairie creek contain a large am;Ount of com- 
mon, clean sand, whi^-h supplies tht' demand of a large area in 
the southern portion of the county. 

Clays and C'oal. 

Clays snilabh' f'lr tin- mamifacturt' of common l)riclc and 
draifi tile are widely di-lril)ute(] ovcj \h<' area iiiidru- discu.^sion. 
The only deposits utilized arc the loess and alluvium. For the 
production of the ch':'apcr grades of conujion (day iroods these 
beds fui-nish a supply of raw material that is excellent in qualdy. 
inexhauslibh: in ([uanti^.w and inexpi'iisiv.'ly worked. The coirimon 
kinds of clay wares fi'om day have been produced on a small scale at 
Vinton. ShelLsburg. Cai'i-isuu, Norway, IJclle Plaine and Newh:d!. 
but probably at no time has the total output of brick antl tile in 
Benton, coimty exceeded ;r50.000 annually. The only considerable 
factm-y now in operation is that at Can-ison. the clay being taken 
from th*.* tiood plain of IJinkle creel;. ]n this cas;-. as at other 
points, the output is solely for local <-onsun!ption. 

Altln'Ugh it is inij'itssible to find aii\- deposits of coal that 
would be ('f eonnuercial importance, in l:ienton cou)it\-. about ten 
years ago a shaft Avas sunlc by a ])rospector in section 14 of P>entou 
township, on the south baidc of the Cedar I'ivei- at a point locally 

J known as Barr's Blutf. It is rei)0rtcd by local authorities that 
a little coal was actually found at a dej>th of soiiu^ thirty feet; 
but the enterprise was soon abandoned. Of coui-se there is no 

, possibility of tindinu' seams of workable coal in strata of Devonian 


Timber and Groves. 

Til!' vnrioHS kinds of onk. hickory, niciple, v,-alnul. aah, bass- 
wood, olm. cottomvood. willow and liaelcborry tlourishtr'd in the 
rich soil of Benton county. 

•'('t'(kir Timber," tl:.' tinibci- skirt'nL: the Cedar river, 
especially on the north and east, in Volk, Harrison. Taylor and 
Benton townships. 

•'J^i:r Grove," a lar^re crove of several thonsand acres, in 
township 84. raup' H, Bi,!,-- Grove township. 

•'Scotch Grove." in northeast part of township S2, ran£re 9. 
Florence, and extends into Linn county. 

"Parker's Grove." on sections 2G, 27, :^3 and 31, town.<hip 
84, rano-e 9 (Canton). 

"I're's Grove," on Prairie creek, in sections 14 and 18. town- 
slii]) 82, ran^jre 9 (Floivncc tov\-nshi]i). 

"Daj-nell's Grove," on Prairi^ creek, in sections 20 and 21, 
township 82. range 9. 

'•Cne's Grove," on sections IC and 17, tovmship 82, ranee 9. 
"Buckeye Grove." extends for several miles on the \vest side 
of liuckcye creek, in Iowa, tovviiship 82. range 12. 

"Van I\retre's Grove," on seriion 32. township 83. range 11 
(rnion township). 

"Lest Grove," sections 31 and 32. townshi]> 84. range 9 
(Canton lownship). 

"Crab Apple Grove," sections 31 and 32, to\vnship 83, range 
9 (Fremont township). 

"^A-;ld Cat Grove," .section 8, township 84, range 9 (Can- 
ton township), a contiimation of "Cedar ''J'imlter.' ' 

••!;(nnjd Grove," section 12, tov.nsliip 84. range 11 (Big Gro\e 

"Gariison's Grove," in .sections 19, 29 and 3i). township 85, 
range 11 (Jackson township). 

"School Grove." on sections 15. IG, 17 and 22. township 85, 
range 11. 

"Helm's Grove." on sd-tion Pk ti>wnship 85, range 11. 
"Yankee Grove." on s.-ctions 15 and 22. townshij) 85, range 
12 (Monroe townsliij>). 

"Brush Grove," on section 31. township SG, range 12 (Bruce 

"Spencer's Grove," on sections 2. 3, and 11. township 80. range 
9 (Polk township). 


T}ie soiithv.-cst lias but little timber, except in Iowa town- 
ship and aloug Prairie creek, where there are some small forest 
areas. Added to this amount, nearly every iarmer in Uio coiintv 
has planted a grove of cotton-v,-ood. silver-leaf maple, or other 
fast-growing wood, whi<-li lias reached a sufficient size to be ex- 
tensively used for the ordinary purposes of fencing and fuel. 
The broad prairies of the county are thus dotted over with culti- 
vated groves, -which not only beautify and adorn the surface of 
the county, but form an attractive feature to travelers and emi- 
grants seeking a home in the state, and add very material! v to 
the real -wealth of the county. 

•d !• 

Hi I' 

1 1 . . ;•■ 



Benton County, Louisiana Purchase— AYhy Black Hawk 
Joined the British— Keokuk, Diplo-Mat and Orator— Indian 
'j^i-KATiES- Half-Bkeed Tract— Directly Concerning Benton 
(^;,j,^- XT Y— Neutral Ground Between Indian Foes— Results op 
the Black IIA^VK ^YAR— The Black Hawk Purchase— Keokuk 's 
Reserve and Death— Wjhtes on the Heels of Indians— Rov- 
ing Indian Bands— Birth of Civil Government- Sub-Division of 
Counties— Fixing the Territorial Capital — Iowa Becomes A 
St atk— Benton, One of Ninety-nine Counties. 

It is uiidoubtodly intprostinii- to the historical student to de- 
finitely tvacp the ooyeniinental owuership of any special fragment 
(.f the eartli's surface, irrespective of its eoniparative values 
among the forces which count for progress in civilization. But 
there Is always a question as to the real worth of such literature, 
an.-l Ihe great majority- of readers— tlie public of the author- 
would vote to virtually commence the historical narrative with 
tlie actual advent of humankind to the segmcjit of the earth under 
considrration. This chapter will therefoi-e deal, in a somewhat 
cursory manner, of the great government domains which irichided 
P>enton county within their bounds prior to the coming of white 
s.ttlers to its fertile and pleasant prairies in 1839, seven years 
after llie close of the Black Hawk war, which was the signal for 
the hrst permanent intiux to the southeastern section of the pres- 
ent state. 

In 1788 the French-Canadian traders, headed by Julien Du- 
l)nque, conuueneed to work the lead mines and buy fure of the Sacs 
and ]'\ixe.s. Sioux and 'Winnebagoes. Potawattamies and lowas, 
bringing back in their small boats from St. Louis merchandise 
and supplies for both themselves and the Red men. The chief field 
of their activities included the territory C)f Iowa now included Anth- 
in DuluKiue, Clayton and Lee counties, but they came merely as 
traders and pioneer exploiters of the country, and it was not until 
some twenty-three years ;ifter the death of Dubuque that, really 
pernunient settlement conuueneed in the state. 



Benton County, Lol:isi-vxa Purchase. 

Tlie Loiiisiaji:) Purohnse. whicli included tlie prc>;eiit Iowa 
and JJcntun county (territorially considered), was made in 1803. 
and in Novemhcr oi" the fol'<'\\in£r year the United States govern- 
ment entered into its iirst treaty witli the Sac and Fox IndiaJis. 
who were so long among the leading lords of the soil embracing 
the llawkeye state of today and its special political division whicli 
is treated in this cha])ter. In fact, until 3 843 much the larger 
portion of Penton county was in nominal possession of these 
tribes. But in 1804 their claim to the western lands Wcis so obscure 
that, the national guverninent obtai n.-d fi'om the Sacs and Foxes 
their title to this portion of the territory of the future .states. In 
1808 a military post was established on the side of the Missis- 
sippi river on Indian lands, named Fort ]\Iadison (lee county), and 
as this was in violation of treaty sti[»ulations it led, four years after, 
to the formal enrollment of the Indians on the side of the British 
in thv w;ir of 1812. Ijj fact, tliey al tacked Fort Madison so vig- 
orously and>ite)itly that in 1813 it was abandoned by it.s 
.small garrison, and in 1815 various treaties were concluded with 
the Sacs and Foxes confirmatory of the original agreement of 

This epoch in the history of Iowa, while it was successively 
attached (for governjjient puri)Oses) to the District of the Territory 
of Louisiana and the Territory of Missouri, has so direct a bearing 
lipou the final departure of the Sacs and Foxes and the consequent 
permanent settlemeiit of the state, that it is entered into somewhat 
at length. 

The most powerful native ally of the British in the war of 
181:2 was Black l!;iwk. the able and brave chieftain of the Sac 
and Fox Indians. But with all his skill and courage he was'unable 
to lead all the membei-s of tliese tribes against the United States. 
Keokuk, the Watchful Fox, persisted in rouainino- neutral and 
carried with him a considerable following. So tliat throughout 
the contiict the Indians on Iowa soil weiv divided into the War 
and the Peace parties. 
U\u'- !-. . ., ■ ■■' - '--•■• •" '■■■ ■ 

h'j:t< • ' Why Bi.ACK II.\wk JorNEu the British. 

Still. Pdack Hawk was the determining force, and, convinced 
that he and his tribe (he was a Sac") had been gro.s.sly deceived 
he entered into the conflict with all the furv ami ahilitv of his 


uature. lie liiniself relates tiic eirciunstaiices which led to his 
ilecisioi), as follows: "Several of the chiefs and head men of the 
S;ics and F'.'Xes wei-e c;dled upon to y:o to Washing-ton to see 
their Great Father. On their retnrn, they related what had been 
said and done. Tlie\' said the (4reat Father wished tJiein, in tlie event 
ol" a v,;ir t-ikinL;; ])liice witli En;;iand, not to intcrfeje on either 
side, bnt to remain nentr;il. lie did not want onr help, but wished 
us to hunt and support our families, and live in peace. He said 
that ]>ritis!i traders would not. be permitletl to come on the I^Iiss- 
i.^si{>i)i to furnish, ns w'lih piods. but tliat we should be supplied 
with an Ainei'ican trader. Our chiefs then told bim that the British 
ti-adcrs always gave thern credit in the fall for guns. j)0wder and 
goods, to enable its to hunt and clothe our families. He repeated 
that the traders at Foi'l .Madison would have plenty of goods; that 
we should go there in the fall and he woidd supx)ly us on credit, 
as the P.ritish traders had done." 

l^lack Hawk seems to have ai'ce])ted this proposition, and 
he and Ids jieople wei'c very much iileasef.!. Acting in good faith, 
tiii-y fitted out foi- their win1ei-'s hunt, and went to ]"\>rt ]\Iadison 
in higii s])ii'its to receive from the trader their ontfii of suj)plies. 
Hut after \vaiting some time, they were told by tlie tj'ader that he 
woultl not trust them. It was in vain that they pleaded the promise 
of th.eir Great Father at AVashington. The trader was inexorable; 
and. disappointed and crestfallen, they turned sadly toward their 
own village. "Fev/ of ns," says Black Hawk," slept tliat night; 
all wa:; gloorii and discontent. In the morning, a canoe was seen 
aseeiiding the river; it soon arrived, bearing an express," who 
brought inlelligence that a British tra.der had landed at Rock 
Island with two boats loaded ^vith goods, and requested us to 
eoiiii- up innnediately. because ho l.ud good news for us, and a 
variety of pi'cseiits. The express preseiited us with to!)acco. pipes 
aiul wampum. The ne\vt< ran through our camp like tire on a 
prairie. Our lodges were soon tak'-n down, and all started for 
Rock Island. Here ended all hopes of our remaining at peace, 
h;i\ lug been forced into tlie war by being deceived.'' 

He joined the British, who tlattered him, styled him "Gen. 
Black' Hawk," decked him with medals, excited his jealousies» 
against the American^, and armed his band; but he met with de- 
feat and dissappointment, and soon abandoned the service and 
came fiome. ' ■ • 

l>lack Hawk says he was informed, after he had gone to tlie 
war tiiai the nation, which had been reduced to so small a body 


of ligliting men, were unable to defend theniKelves in ease tl;^- 
Americans should attaek them, and lertvinp all the old men and 
women and ehildren belongiiig- to the warriors who had joined 
the British on their hands to provide for. a council w^as held, and 
it was agreed that Quash-qua-me (the Lance) and other chiefs, 
together with the old m^'U. wometi and ehihiren, ajid such others 
as chose to accompany thejn, should go to St. Louis and place 
themselves under the American chief stationed tliere. Thev ac- 
cordingly went down, and were received as the "friendly band" 
of tlie Sacs and Foxes, and were pi-ovided for and sent up the 
Missouri river. 

Keokuk, Diplomat A^T) Orator. 

On Black Hawk's return from the Britisli army, he says 
Keokuk was introduced to him as the war chief of the braves then 
in the village. He inquired liow lie had become chief, and was 
informed that their spies had seen a large armed force going 
toward Peoria, and iV^irs were entertained of an att^ick uj-on the 
A-illage; whereupon a council was held, which concluded to leave 
the village and cros.s over to the west side of the ^Mississippi. 
Keolaik had been standing at the door of the lodge where tlie 
council was held, nol being allowed to entei- on account of never 
havnig killed an enemy, where he remairipd until Wa-co-me came 
out. Keokuk asked permission to speak in the council, 
which AVa-co-me obtained for liim. Keokuk llieu addressed 
the chiefs; he remonstrated against the desertion of their 
village, their o\m liomes and the graves of their fathers, an.d of- 
IVrred 1(,' defend lite village. The council consented that he should 
l-'e their war chief, lie njar.shaled his brave.s, sent out spies, and 
advanced on the trail leadijig to Peoria, but returned without see- 
ing ihe enemv. The Americans did not disturb the village, and al] 
were satisfied wilh the appointment of Keokuk. 

Keokuk, like l^.lack Hawk, was a descendant of the Sac branch 
of tile nation, and was born on Kock river, in 1780. He was of 
a pacific disposition, but possessed the elements of true courage, 
ami couhl fight, whm occasion required, with a cool judgment 
and heroic energy, [n his first battle, he encountered and killed 
a Siou.-c, which plac-cd him in the tniik of warriors, and lie was 
liciior.d with a ])ublic feasl by his ti'ibe in comniemoration of the 


Keokuk has been deseiibetl as an orator, entitled to rank with 
the most gifted of his race. In person, he was tall and of portly 
bearing; in his public speeehes, he disjilayed a eouniiaiidiug at- 
titude and graceful gestures; he spoke rapidly, but his enuneiatiou 
was elear, distinet and forcible; lie culled his figures from the 
s1n)-es of nature and based his argunuMits on sldjful logic. Un- 
i'ortuuately for the reputation of Keokuk, as an orator among 
white people, he was never able to ol)tain an interpreter who could 
claim even a slight acquaintance with plillosophy. AViLh one ex- 
ception only, his interpreters were unacquainted with the elements 
of their mother-tongue. Of this serioiis hindrance to his fame. 
Keokuk was well av/are, and retained Frank Laljershure, who had 
received a rudimentary education in the French and English lan- 
guages, until the latter broke down by dissipation and died. But 
during the meridian of his career among the white people he was 
compelled to submit his speeches for translation to uneducated 
men. whose range of thought fell below tlie flights of a gifted 
nnnd, a.nd the fine imagery drcnvn from nature was beyond their 
power of reproduction. lie had suflicient knowledge of the 
English language to make liini sensible of this bad rendering of 
his thoughts, and often a feeling of mortification at the bungling 
eiTort.s was depicted on his countenance while sjieaking. The 
j)roper j^lace to form a correct estimate of his ability as an orator 
was in the Indian council, where he addressed himself exclusively 
to thirsc who understood his language, and witness the electrical 
etfc^-t of his eloquence upon Ins audience. 

Keokuk seems to have possessed a more solier judg)nent. and 
to have had a more intelligent view of the great strength and re- 
sourcvs of the I'nited States, than Jiis noted and restless contemp- 
orary. Black Hawk. He knew from the fii-st that the reckless war 
M-hJch i^lad: ll.awk and his l)and had determined to carry on could 
result in nothing but defeat ai)d disastei", and used every argument 
against it. 


I] ' • • '• ' t. 

The large ninnljer of warriors whom he had dissuaded from 
follow im: IMack Hawk became, however, greatly excited with the 
wv.v spirit after Stillman's dcft>at, and but for the sigmd ta.ct dis- 
j)layed by Keokuk' on that oee;isi'»n would have forced him to submit 
tM theii- wishes in joinimj the re.'^t of the warriors in the lield. A 
w;ir-(i;iiiee \v;is lield. and Iveokuk took ])a;'t in it. seeming to be 


moved with ttio current of the rising- storm. When the dance wa5 
oNt-r h.' ealh'd thr, council to prej)are for war. Jle made a spf-r>e}'x, 
in whirli he admitted the ju.stice of th.'ir compJaiiits airaiiist th- 
Americans. To sr-ek redress wa« a nobK- asi-,iratio}i of tlieir nature. 
'J"he l)!ood of tjieir brethren had ijccn shed by the white man. and 
the s])irits of their braves, shiin in batth', calh,] h)udiy for x^n- 

''1 am your chief." he said, "and it is my duty to lead you 
to ])a1tle. if. after fully consideriiig' tli.- nuitter. you arc determiW 
to p-i,. ]>jit before }-ou decide on takino- tliis imjiortant step, it is 
\ns.' to inquire into the dianccs oi' .success." He then portravc'I 
to them the .irreai j)ower of tlie Tjiited States, against whom thry 
would have to contend. th;it thoii- chance of .success was utteriV 
liopcless. "But," said he, "if you determine to go upon the wur- 
* path, I v/ill agree to lead you, on one condition, viz: that before 
we go. we kill all our old men and our wives and children, to save 
- 1 them from a. lingering death by st.arvation, and that every one oz 
us dcLciiriinr to leave our homes on tlie other side of the Mi>>-"?- 

Tin's was a strong but trutliful j^i.-ture of the pmspect before 
tlk-i]i. and was presented in such a foiciWe light a.s to cool their 
ardor, and cause them to abandon the rash undertaking. 

liut duri.ui^r the war of ]S:]L^ it is now considered certain th?.t 
small l»ands of Indians, from tl.'e west side of the :\rississiiipi. madr 
,t ineursiuns into the white settlements, in the lead mining region, 
and committed some murders and depredations. 

■ ^' ' " ' ' TnpIAX TlcEATIES. 

When peace was declared between the United States aii^] 

England. Black Hawk was required to iua!;e peace with the fonu-r. 

. , and entered into a treaty at i\)rtage des Sioux. Sept(Muber 14, Isl^' 

i; I>ut did, not "touch the goose-quill to it until May 13. ISIG. vrhen 

he .suinked the pipe of peace with the great white chief." at Sr. 

Louis. 'J'iiis treaty was a renewal of the treaty of 1S04, but Black 

, Hawk de.lai-ed lie had been dereived ; tliat he did not know tha- 

I;, In- signing the treaty lie was givin- away his village. This weighed: 

iq)on his miiul. already soured by i)revions disapi-ointment'^nd 

the iiresistible encroachments of the white; au'l when, a few years 

, later, he and ills peojde were driven from their ])Ossessions b'v ihe 

milltaiy. he determined to return to llie home of his fathers". 

iM.llowing the conclusion of thi' war wifli (ireat lirJtain. i:> 


l^l^), vnrinus trrnties \v<Te made with t!u' Sacs. Foxes. lowas and 
Sioux. estaMishiuir pi'iWi' hetwt'on the hcstile tribes and the L'nitod 
States; iv-affii-minu: the treaty of 1S(')4 and draM-ing- a sharp line 
between the Sa<s who fonglit nndir Rlaek Hawk and those who 
hail remained neutral under ]\"')kuK:. The result of tlie ennfliet. 
as far as tlie Indians was conce'.'ned, ^vas to ronlirin the ])osition of 
the Sacs and Foxes as the luost powerful combination of Indian 
tribes in what aie now Hliiniis and Iowa. 

llALF-F.REEi-) Tract. v f ,,. .,■ , , 

^Vith^n the succeedinir dmade there was eonsiderable inter- 
maiTying' between trad'U-s an-l arsny men and Sae and Fox women, 
and even from the time of Ibdjuijue the custoni had been more or 
less in vopue. The result was a eonsiderable class of half-breeds 
in southeastern Iowa, for wliii-h j)rovision was made by the United 
States in August. I'^'i^, the treaty with those tribes reserving for 
tliis class a triangular piei e <>f laud, containing nearly ]L'i),0'JO 
acres lying between tlie ^Missis.^ij'pi and Des ]\toincs rivers a?id in- 
cluded within the present limits of Lee county. Those who 
occui)ied the Tialf Ureed 'I'i'act had the right to the use of the soil, 
but could not convey it. In .]a!nuir\'. 1S34. however, by a<-t of 
coTigress tie h:d.f breeds accpiired the land in fee simyde. which 
caused an eudiess amount '>f trouble and p!'*)pert\' complications, 
the difficidties being unsettled foi- several yeai's. But the details 
of these complications do not specially concern lientou county. 

DiK-KCTr.Y C(-)nci:kxixg Ijfa'ton' Cotxty. i -.., 

In the year iollowing tlie session (»f the Half Bi'eed Tr.'.ct, 
iiowever. a.n Indian treai\ v\-as ratified •which directly couct'riied 
the tribal i-ehitii-ns of the Kedmen \vhn letaiiied title to the soil of 
lu'iilou ceunl\' until l.s4.'?. On Auuust 1!). IS"-'."), the 0!iil'>pe\\ as. 
Sacs and Foxes. .Meiionioiiees. Winnebagoes and a portion of the Ot- 
lawas ami rotawattamies met at Urairie dn ("hien (since 1 81!) the 
l.resent loua had been politic;dl\' attached, lir^t. to Arkansas, and 
later to the sl;ite of Missouri K At the towu namr^d. which is now in 
the state of Wiscousin. thevc trib<\s. throiiLih their i-epresentatives. 
met William Clark and Lewis Cass, and the agreement 
in the articles of the treat\' which chicll\" concerns this histoi"y was 
made between theiu ;ind the Sioux, Sacs and Foxes. In order to 
insure peace between tlu•.^e powerful conteiuling tribes it was agreed 


that tlie Tnited Statt's icoveriimcnl should run a dividing: linf' b^- 
twoeii thi'ir respfctivL' hutdinir ^n-ouiicK, as foUows: C<>iHinen('in£f at 
tlio ijiouth of the [.'{ipcr Iowa rivej- on the west bank of the ]\U5^s- 
j.ssijipi and aw^'endinu- said Iow;i river to. its west fork; thence up 
the fork to its source; thence erossinu' the fork of lied Cedai- river 
in a <iin'ct line to tin- second or upper fork of the Des ?ii.oines 
river; thence in a direet line to the knver fork of the Calumet 
river, and down that i-iver to its junction with the ^Missouii river. 

Xel'tral GivorND Between Indlvx Foes. 

Instead of settling- the ditriculties between th'esc hereditary 
enemies, the running of the line seemed to be tlie si^-nal for fierce)' 
quarrels than ever, as each was continually allegiufr that, the other 
had crossed the demarkation into tlie tribal hunting grounds. In 
1830 the confederate tribes of the Sacs and Foxes v.-ere induced 
to cech' to the United States a strip of country twei-dy miles wide 
soutJi of ihe line m-'utioned, and the Sioux, a sU'ip of the same 
dimensions, north oi' it. This was called Neutral Ground and re- 
mained open to all tljese tribes untiJ it was occupied as a AVinuc- 
bago reservation in 1841. - " '. ' 

Kesul'is op the Be.vck Hawk War. 

Til'' ineidenls of the Black Hawk war pertain rather to 
the history uf Illinois than to that of Iowa, but the residts of it were 
vital [o the progress oi Iowa and Benton county as the domain of the 
white settlers and progressive citi/.ens. In September. 1832. at the 
close of the WHV. the ^A'ir^leIla'-:•oes ceded to the United States all their 
lands .^;isL of tlie ^Mississippi river and the government i-ranted them 
iIjc Niiihal (Jmund. wiii'-}!. as stated, afterward Iji^came their regu- 
lai- res. i'vation. The national i;o\enim( nt also made othi-r eonces- 
sions. eoveriiig a period of twcrits -seven years, auti embracing an 
annual tribal allowance and airricultural and educational privileges. 

The Pjlack Hawk I^lrchase. 

• r>ut Xho all-important treaty to lowans was that of Se{)tember 

21st ol' Ihat yt>ar. which resulted in tlie Bla<-k H;:v,-k 

.. The fii'tre hadrr of tlie war and his tv/o sons were in irons, as 

prisoners of war, but Keokuk and some thirty other chiefs and 

warriors of the Sae and Fox nation were present at the council, 


which was held on the future site of Davenpiu't and presided over. 
vn the part of the ir(nennnent. In' Geucral Wiuileld Seott and 
Governor lieynolds. of Illinois. By this treaty tlie Saes and Foxes 
eeded to the United States a fifty-mile strip of land on the eastern 
liorder of Iowa, from the northern V)inn)dary of .Missouri (to v.liieh 
state the jiresent Hawk Eye domain was still attaehed) to the 
mouth of the Uppei* Iowa river. It is not necessary to describe in 
detail the terms of the consideration on the part of the govern- 
ment. It is snl^leient to know that the Saes and Poxes were satisfied 
and in June, 1833. peacefully vacated the ceded territory and tluit 
the tide of white immigration immedialely connnenced to flow 
from across the ^Nlissis.sippi. ■ 

Keokuk's Reserve and De-Vjii. 

l\v the terins of the treaty, out of the Black Hawk 
was reserved for the Sacs and Poxes four-hundred square miles of 
land ^i^uated on the Iowa river, luid iueludiug v.itliin its linrits 
Keokuk's village on tho right hank of that rivei-. This tract was 
known as " Koekuk's Reserve,'' rnu] was occupied by the Indians 
until lSo'6, when by a treaty mncli^ in September between thf^m 
and Governor Dodge of Wisconsin territory, it was eeded to the 
United States. The council Avas held ori the banks of the Mississippi, 
aboA-e Davenport, and v/as the largest assemblage of the kind ever 
held by the Sacs and l-'oxes to treat for the sale of lands. About oiu' 
thousand of their chiefs and braves were present, and Keokuk was 
their leading spirit and principal sj^eal^er on the occasion. By the 
terms of the treaty, the Sacs and Poxes were removed to another 
r.scrvatioii on tir.' Des ^^foines river, -.viiere an agenc\- Vv-as estab- 
lished for theju at what is jjov.' the town n/^ Agency City. 

'i'he Indians at this agoiu:'y became idle and listless in tlic 
aliseiKM' of their natural and \ton1ed excitements, and many of 
llicm ]>lunged into dissipation. Keokuk himself iiecame dissipated 
in the later years of his life, and it has been report(^d that \w died 
of delirium tremens after his removal with his tribe to Kansas. 

Sacs and Foxes Lkave the County. ;,. (,,.-,».. .,. 

In 1838 the exodus of the Sacs and Po.xes fi-oni Benton couni.v 
had its beginning in the treaty with them whi<-h was 
ratified on P\^l)ruary 21st of that year, tlie cediul tract embracing 
I.'J.jO.OOO acres directly west of the Black Hawk Purchase and of 


the saiiu- Iciiutii. Tlie yAwe of IhikI was twenty-five miles in the 
middle and ran otl' to a point at both ends, and in Denton eounty 
its west line crossed the Cedar rivtn- near the west Hue of Bentou 
towjishij;) and inchuled wliat would be .very nearly one tier of 
easterrumist townships. Tu\vnslii}« bG. range 9, was iueluded in 
the cession, and the earliest setllei-s in lienton county, of 1839-iO. 
w(;re very near the Indian line. Two years pridr to this formal 
tliT'OM-ing' open of Indian lands to white settlement in Benton 
county, the territory of ^Viscousin had been organized and Iowa 
had Ijeen politically attaclied to it, until the latter was created 
on the 4th of Jidy in the same year signalized by the 
of the Sacs and Foxes from the eastern border of Benton county. 
The Iowa territory of that day. however, embraced that part of 
old Wisconsin lying we.->t of the ^Mississippi river and Jiortli of 
2Iissouri. , •■ ■- 

Whites ox the Heels of Ixdi.vns. 

The last treaty by whiciL the Sacs and Foxes relinquished 
all tlaur hinds west of the ^lississij^pi (and therefore, in Benton 
county) was made at tln^ir agency (Agency City) October 11. 
1842, and ratified :\Iarch 23. 1843. By it.s terms tliey were to 
be removed from the coujitry at the expiration of three years, 
and all \\ ho remaiiied at that tiine were to depart at their own 
expense. Bart of them %\'ere removed to their reservation in 
Kansas in the fall of 1845. and at that time were to depart at 
their own expense. In the jiieantime the white settlers had been 
streaming into the ceded territory, theii* entry into it at the 
earliest possible moment ;ifter the da\'.n of IMay 1, 1843. being 
attendevl by all the excitei.M'.'nt.s and violence of an '"Oiclahoma 

Tliese times have bixMi- so well tle.scribed b\ Judge Xf^urse 
in his L-cntennial address that his language is here reproduced: 
''In obetUence to our progressive ami aggressive spirit, the 
(lovernnient of the Fniti'd Sta.tes made another treaty with the 
Sae and I'ox Indians, on the llth day of August. 1842. foi' the 
remaiinng ].ortion of llicir land in. Iowa. Tin- treaty ]u-ovided 
that the Indians shoukl rrlaiii posse.s.sion of all the lands thus 
ceded until Ma_\- ]. lS4:i. and should o^-cupy that portion of the 
ceded territory west of a liiu' lunning noiHi and si'uth through 
Redroek. uidil Ortobtr 11, lb45. These tribes, at this time, 
hatl their prin(ij)al village at Ot-tum-ua-no, now called Ottumwa. 


As soon ;is it hrcaiiic known that the treaty liad been eoncluded, 
llii'i-c was a rush of iuiini,L;ration to Iowa, and a u'reat number of 
teiiipora.ry settU'iuents were made near the Indjau boimdavy. wait- 
iTiLT for the 1st day of 'Siixy. As the day a])proaehed, hundreds of 
raiiiilies eneamped ahjiitr tlie line, and their tents and wagons 
Liave thi' seene the appearance of a military ex]:)edition. The 
<(tunlr,\ ]ie\()nd had been thoroiiuhly ex])lored, bnt the United 
States militarx authorities had prevented any settlement or even 
the making out of ehums by any monuments whatever. 

"To aid them in making out their elaims when the hour 
should arrive, the s<'ttlers had placed ]jiles of dry wood on tlie 
I'isi'ig ground. a1 con\-enient distances, ami a short time before 
1\velve o'clock of the night of the 30th of .April these were lighted, 
aiid when the midnight hour aT rived, it was announced by the 
discharge of firearms. Tlie night \\"as dark, but this army of 
occupatiou ]' I'essed forward, toi'ch in hand, with axe and hatehot. 
blazing lines with all maiujer of ciirves and angles. \Yhe7i day- 
liuht came and revealeil tlic I'Onfusion of thes(.' w(.)nderfnl surveys, 
inimerous disputes arose. settle(_l generally by comi)romiRe, but 
sojiutimes tjy violence. ]-'>etueen midnight of the 30th of April 
and sundown of the 1st t)f ^lay. over one thousand families had 
settled on their new {)urc}iase. 

■■AVhilc tliis scene was transpiring, tlie retreating Indians 
were (iiactiug one more im})T'esslv(> and melancholy. The winter 
of 1S42-43 was one of umisual st'\erit>". and the Tiulian prophet, 
who had disapj)!-oved of the treat\-. attributed the severity of the 
wintej' to the anger of the Great Spij'it. because they had sold 
their countr>. ^lany religious rites were performed to atone for 
the o-iiia'. AVin'U the time for leaving Ot-tum-\v'a-no arrived, a 
soh'uin silence jiervaded tlie Indian camp, and the faces of their 
stoutest men wei-e bathed in tears; and when their cavalcade was 
pii! in motion, toward the settiuu' sun. there was a spontaneous 
outburst of IVainie grief from tlie entire i)rut-es>;ion. 

"The Indians remained the appointed time beyond the line 
luiuiing north aiul south through l?edrock. 'J'lie government 
established a tradinti' post and juilitary encampment at tlie Rac- 
eeon Foi'k (d' th.e l)es ^loines river, then and for many years 
luiown as Foi't l>es Moim-s. Here the red man lingered initil the 
11th of ()<-tober. 184."). when the same seeru- that we have Itefore 
de.serilicd was re-enaeted. and the wave of immigration swept over 
tlie I'einaiiuler of the 'New Purchase.' The lands thus occupied 

Ve.l. 1—3 


and claimed by the settlers still belonged in fee to the general 
government. The snrveys were not eompleted nntil some time 
after the Indian title was extinguished. After their surve\-. the 
lands were publicly proclaimed or advertised for sale at public 
auction. Under the laws of the United States, a preemption or 
exclusive right to purcliase public lands could not be acquired until 
after the lands had thus been publicly offered and not sold for 
want of bidders. Then, and not until then, an occupant making 
improvemeuts in good J^iith might acquire h right over others to 
enter the land at the niinimum price of .$].25 per acre. 
'Claim laws' were unkiiown to the United States statutes. They 
. , originated in the 'eternal fitness of things,' and were enforced, 

probably, as belonging to that class of natural rights not enumer- 
ated in the constitution, and not impaired or disparaged by its 
* . enumeralion. 

"The settlers organized in ever\' settlement prior to the 
public land sales, a])poiuted officers, and adopted their own rides 
and regulations. Each man's claim duly a.^cerlained and 
recorded l)y tlie secretary. It was the duty of all to attend the 
sales The secretary bid off the lands of each settler at $1.25 
per acre. The othei-s Avere there, to see. first, that he did his duty 
and bid in the land, and, secondly, to see that no one else bid. 
This, of cou)-se. sometiines led to trouble, but it saved the excite- 
■. nient of competition, and gave formality and degree of order and 

; ' regularity to the proceedings they would not otherwise have at- 

tained. As far as practicable, the territorial legislature recogni/;ed 
I ,, the validity of these 'claims' upon the public lands, and in 1839 

■ . passed an act Iciralizing their sale and making their transfer a 

valid consideration to support a promise to pay for the same. 
The Supreme Territorial Court held this law to be valid. The 
opinion not only contains a decision of the question involved, but 
also contains much valuable erudition upon tliat '.spirit of Anglo- 
I Saxon liberty' which the Iowa settlers unquestionably inherited in 

I., a direct line of descent from the said Anglo-Saxons. But the 

early settler ^\•as not always able to pay even this dollar and twenty- 
five cents per acre for his land." 

Roving Bands. 

Pari of the nation of Sacs and Foxfs were removed to their 
reservaticai in Kansa.'^ during the fall of 1845, and of the 
remainder followed in the succeeding .spring. This wa.s virtually 


tlir final cliapler in the history of the Tk'nton conuty Indians, 
Mltli'HiLih old si'tthn's recall small roving hands as late as ISo-i. 
In this con lection, the foUovvinc fon the aiithovity of a pioneer) 
is a]i|)ropriate: "Although the Indians eedcd a portion of the coun- 
ty to the United States in 1837 and the remainder in 1843 they roved 
over the counti'y as late as 1854. They had a favorite camj^ing place 
on the east side of the Cedar river, near ]Mr. Thomas AYay's. The 
spot was chosen partly, perhaps. h(?causc 'TInele Tom' always had 
a good supply of firewater. They came here every year and spent 
several days in celebrating some of their mystic rites, religious 
dances. et<-. I'pon one occasion. James Kice gave them a fine 
pu}ipy. which they sacrificed to the Great Spirit with muc-h cere- 
mony, holding a war dance as a part of the exercises. Tlie 
Tndiai]s v.cre many times accused of committing depredations of 
which they were not guilfy. They were very convenient scape- 
goats for horse thieves. Berry Way. Uncle Tom's renegade son, 
used to steal and run ofi' their pomes during their annual encamp- 
ment near his fatiier's house. Stealing tlieru duritig the night, 
lierry would always be at home the next mornijig, and when the 
Keds entered complaint, he was on hand to assist them in efforts 
to discover the missing animals, but aU^ays sent them, on the 
wrong trail. ^ 1755084 

'.'•i^'iw Way and another young i:i;ni. well knoAvu thieves of 
Benton cininty, made a tri]:) through Bhidc Hawk coiuity in ^March, > • 
i84G, sio])ping all night at a loggin.g cabin, built by Cedar John- 
son a year or two before near Big Creole and theii occupied by 
-lames Newell. The next moiaiing they proceeded up the river 
to tlie vicinity of the Turlcey Foot Forks; spent that night with 
\'>'i'j Wave, a prominent AViriUcbago cljl^rf. and to ro(}uite his hosjii- 
lality. stole two valuable horses frc'm hijii before daylight. About . •- 
twenty of Biu' AVave's liarid ]Hirsued them, and found them at a ;.. 
singing School near Center Point. They threatened to shoot the 
trio, but the settlers interfered and persuaded the Indians it would 
be best to pl.-u-e the thieves under arrest and let the law take its .\[ 

eourse. The scoundrels were accordingly confined in jail at 
-Marion, but soon after escaped." 

• ■J' ' ■.' ■ . ^ M -b ■• < .1. ; .^i , . ''■■ 

BiUTii OF Civil Government. 

Thi' leal conception of Iowa as a distinct political body occur- 
ri'd in September. 1834, when the territoi-ia.l legislatur-' of ^Michigan 
>-reated two counties on the west side of the A[i.ssissi])pi river called 

i »' 

••. »''./ 


Dubiunie and Dcs M(»iiH'S ^ind scjjaratcd by a line drawji \\\ard 
from the foot of Rock Jslaiul. Tln-se counties were partially or- 
jianized l)y the aj/|)ointnient of a chief justice and two associates 
for each division. On the first of October, 1885, General George 
W. Jones (long a citizen of ])ubuque') was elected a delegate to 
congress from this section of ^Michigan territory, and in .-\i)ril, 
1836, through his efforts the territory of Wisconsin was created. 
Tlie census taken that ye;ir indicated that its counties of Dubuque 
and Des ]\Ioincs had a population of 10,531. In the first terri- 
torial legislature of Wisconsin, v.hich assenil)led at Belmont (pres- 
ent state of AVisconsin) October 25. J836, each of the Iowa coun- 
ties was represented by three members in the upper house, wliile 
Dubuque had five and Des ^foines county, seven, in the lower 

. , Sub-DjvisjOx\ op Countirs. , 

At the fii'st session, Des ^loines county vras divided into Des 
M.nnes, Lee, Yrxi Buren, Henry, ^luscatine and Cook (subse- 
quently changed to Scott), and at the second session the territory 
embraced in the original ]3ubuque county v/as divided into Dubu- 
que, CliJN'ton, Fayette, Delaware, Buchanan,, Jackson, Jones, Linn, 
Clinton and Cedar. ifost of these original counties were not or- 
ganized until the creation of the territorial govern)nent of Iowa, 
the congressional act ^\•hich pi-ovided for it going into effect Jidy 
3, 1838. 

Fixing the Territoktal Capital. 

Shortly befor.; tlie assembling of the second Wisconsin legis- 
lature at Bui-lington. in XovemiK'r, 1837, a convention was held in 
that place memorializing congi-ess to take such action, and in the 
same month of the following yeai- Burlinirton was also the scene 
of the convening of the first territorial legislatiu'e of Iowa. At 
that time its vast area v/as bounded on the north b\- British Amer- 
ica, south by the state of ^Missouri, east by the ^lississippi river 
and west by the ]\rissouri and White Earth rivers, and. with the 
exception of the narrow strip known as the Black Hawk Purchase. 
v>-as in undisputed possession of the Indians. At the first session 
of the legislature Xapoleon, in Johnson county, was desiirnated as 
the t(-"mporary seat of govei'nment. Iowa City, a few miles a])()ve, 
on the Iowa river, being sul)sc(iuently i)l:itted for the permanent 


capital. The new (.'ajiital of the territory was occupied in April, 
1841, tlie third regular sessiuu eonveuiug therein d\iring December. 
Ivwn City reniaijifd the capital untii IS.")?, wIkmi (then under the 
statf government) it wa.s removed to Dcs ]\loines. 

Iowa Becomes A State. 

In 1844 tlie proposition to erect the territory of Iowa into a 
state was carried by vote of tiie people. tJie con.stitutional conven- 
tion convening at Iowa City on the 7th of October. It also agreed 
upon boundary lines for the new state, including a large part of 
tlie present stale of ^Linncsota, and excluding the tract now em- 
braced in Lyon, Osecola. Sioux and piirts of Dickinson, O'Brien, 
Plymouth and Woodbury. 'J'ho state boundaries were I'ejected by 
eoiigi'ess and tlic peojile, in tu)'n rejected the proposed congress- 
ion. d bounds, at -du election held in A})ril, 1845. The constitution 
fdso having been rejected Viy pMjndai- vote, another convejition 
w;is lield at ]o\va City May 4, bS4(i, and ngned to a constitution 
witli provisions for state boundaries identic;!] with the present 
limits and in harmony with a statehood bill then i)ending in con- 
gress. The constitution ^\■as adojited by the peo])le, ratified by 
congress and, under it. Iowa w;is ndmitted into the union December 
28, ISJt). , 

Bexton, One of Ninetv-xixe Counties - j 

Since 1S57 there have been ninety-nine counties in the state 
(*f Iowa, but their organizatioTi bas ondy ])een uriiform since 1871. 
iientori county v/a.s originally constituted December 21, 1837. and 
was lutmed in bono)- of Thomas Hart Benton, United States sen- 
atoi- from ]\Iis^ouri. who had materially aided in the pas.sage of 
the l)ili erecting Wisconsin territory. Its original territory in- 
eluded the area betv.-een its present northern and southern bounds 
extended to the ^Missouri river, and it was temporarily attached to 
the eount>' of Jackson. That was before there was a single settler 
within its present limts. In 1840( the year after its first settler 
located) it v.;i.s similarly- attached to Linn county, and re-esi;dv 
lished with its present bmuularies re])ruary 17. 184-"k At this 
I)oint in the gent-ral narratixc, the authoi- may tittingly enter into 
details regarding the development of Benton county in every line 
and field. 



Ohgaxizatjon or ToNvxsnir.s — Growth ix Puopektv — Ac- 
tual Values of 1'roperty — 1908 (Oxe-Fol:rtii Cash Value) — 
1895 (0xE-H.\LF CAsn Value)— 18S5 (One-1Lu.f Cash Value.;^ 
— 1875 (Oxe-IIale Cash Value)— 18G5 (Cash Value) — E^- 
crease in Population — Population of Tov/ns and 'J'ownshjp--; — 
Progress in x\gricultlre — Agricl'ltural Societies— -The Pat- 
rons of Husbandry. 

Following tlie corning of the first settlers to eastern Benton 
county in 1839-4.0, tlie innnigration was very small and uncertain 
for a decade. During that period New York, Pennsylvania and 
Ohio fnrnishpd the bulk of the early and real pioneers. In 1847. 
the year after the orgasiizatiou of the connty, the population had 
reached oiily 312 and by 1850, 672. The period from 1850 to ISoO. 
however, was of unusual development and growth i]) population. 
Good state roads were established through the county, stage line-s 
developed, the Cedar river utilized for transportation purposes and 
a sturd>- agitation was progressing o^er the biiiidiTig of j"ailrnad> 
into tlie county. In fa't. all iudicatiuns Avere favorable to a sub- 
stantial deveUrpiiien) of the county into a pi'osperous and pleasant 
eomnn.inity for thrifty and intelligent people, closely bound T'- 
gether and placed in intimate eomnuinication with tln^. more devel- 
oped outside world of business and commerce. After 1850 all 
states avni their contributions to s\vell the ]ieiinanent citizenship 
of P.enton county. It numbered 1.250 inhabitants in 1852; 2.623. 
in 1851; G.247 in 185ij. and 8.4'!6 in 1860. The period covered 
b\- the Civil told the same sad story everywliere ; f)e'»ple botii 
iiortli and south were nc)t migrating to ucav locatioiis. but were fight- 
ing ('U bloody battlefields, or remaining at home to uphold their 
families, or coudn-ct the neecssai-y institutions of their oommunitie>;. 



Okganizatio2s of TowxsHipy. 

It is i>ro.suined lliat the board of county coinTuiss-ioiiers for 
18-17-8 created several civil towiisbijis. although there is no record 
to that effect. There is an entry in April. 1817, that John Koyal 
and in'oryi' ('an'onwioe wire ;'i>i)oi!jt'(l suj'ervisors of Canton 
townshij). and tlu-y wen- directed to ■*0}:)en and work all legal hud- 
out roa^is in said township.'' Anderson Anisjs was appointed snp- 
(,'rvisor in township 8*i north, range 9 west; David Jewell in town- 
ship 85, range 9, and Thomas Way on a certain road '■eonnnencing 
at the corner of Harrison's field and running to Edward's ford 
aeros^^ the Cedar river." Prior to 1851. Polk, Harrison and Tay- 
lor townsliips were added to those then in existence. Cue town- 
slap (changed, in 1862. to Florence) was oi-ganized in January, 
1855, and in A])ril, 1856. Jackson, Eden, Bruce and Big Grove 
townsliips were created. Various attemi)ts have been made to 
(ii\ide Taylor tnwnship. making Vinton township eo-extensive with 
the corporate limits of the city; b\it, to date, all such efforts liave 
failvd. For inany years tliC coujity has embraced twenty congres- 
sional and civil township.-, as follows; Polk, Harrison, Cedar, 
Bruce, Monroe. Jackson. Taylo;-, BeiJto)i, Can/ion, Eden, Big Grove, 
Homer, Kane. Fnion, Eldorado, I-'remont. Floi-enee, St. Clair, Le 
Roy and Iowa.. The township -^ivcrnment consists of three trustees 
and a clerk. 

Growth ix Pkopekty. 

The gi'aud total of the tax ass'^ssmeut of Benton county is 
$;J24,949.8i, ui which amouiit >;:lo8.87:loL' is credited tu the state 
and county, .$118,281.66 to the schools, and >;o5.;]9-1.69 to corpora- 
tions. It is also of interest to learn of the tax last named, the 
railroads i>a\' tlic following: Chicago (Jc North-Weslern, .sn,87-!.- 
49; Chicago, liock Island & Par-ific .^7. 825. 75; and Chicago, Mil- 
waukee &. St. Paul, $7,005.28. 

Actual Yalie.s of Pkofektv. 

1865 ■ $ 3,495,308 

1875 11.557.214 

1885 15,777.840 

1895 "'■'•' • 14,244.248 

1908 39,677.792 






■m. J-' 

I ^ 

■ ».. ^ ^ ■; if 1- 

i X'; 

11 If r w ? ? 

{i ._. 

«: :. 

PKK.-KX'r i'.i:nt<>x r»nxT^' coukt jioupl- 



mOS (Oxe-Foui;t>i Cash V.aj.ue: 


r— 1 

Land Ex Corp 





$ 7251 

$ 369012 

$ 406190! 

$ 782453 

Helle Flaine 



























■ 100833 

Mt. Anbnrn 


















Van Homo 











Le Ftoy 



























' 53456 






• fa'-ksnn 














81 203 1 







Hi',' Crove 



65630 j 




^ i U -.1 

' ■' . J 







En ion 




















St. Clair 





Assfsst'd Valiif 


$ 686891 

$ 9868281 

$2946696! I$991 9448 

Cash valne 



394731 2 i 




1895 (Onk Half C^asij Vali-ej 

TowTflships - I'jand. Personal. Lots. 

Polk $ 277,015 $ -15,752 $ 

Itarrison 145,950 2G;278 

Cedar 285,352 59,012 12,850'-e 210,387 33,465 

Monroe " 263,390 37,208 

Jackson 253,093 45,79/ 

Taylor 268,235 42,412 

Benton 95,808 22,268 

Canton 234,406 35,630 1,692 

Eden 266,470 35,633 

Big Grove 265,896 41,849 300 

Homer 259,661 33,702 

Kane 260,034 34,096 

Union ' 260,930 36,731 

Eldorado 265.045 74,700 lo,261 

Frciuout 256,793 50,802 7,304 

Eloren<-e ' 265,358 61.621 6.550 

St. Clair 267,719 03,434 4,830 

Le Rov 217.674 56,929 4,804 

Iowa * 204.427 50,274 2,/ 38 

Vinton 50 335,449 425,291 

B. Plaine . 19,786 84,401 212,100 

Gnrrison 2,053 36.246 36,105 

Shellshurg 4,875 30,199 30,248 

Van Home 3,270 39,447 34,402 

Blairstown 44,(13;) 54,21o 

Kev.<iono 3,406 25,488 29,670 

Nonvav 6,253 53,520 27,968 

Urbana 130^ 12, 917 13,99 5 

Ass(.-ss-d value ?^63,47 6 $ 1.518.325 :i^ 74 0.323 

'cT^T^iUrp' $9,726,952 .$3,036,050 $1,480,646 

1885 (<')>:t.: TT-\[.v Cash Value) 
















$ 07.701 

$ 7,331 














. 95.882 


331,825 ■ 


217,956 i 

- 69.962 ; 




Big Grove 







St. Clair 

Le Hoy 



B. Piaine 



Van Home 

















Assessed value 
Cash vahie 

$ 5,239,540 




3 3,993 














$3,637,888 $1,660,872 

1875 (One Half Cash Value) 



















liruce ■ 



]\ Ion roe 











Benton • 

■ , . 










Ijiic Grove , 
























St. Clair 




Le Koy 











B. Piaine 











Assessed valne 





Cash value 




!, 9 10,578 




18G5 (Cash Vall'e) 






$ 1.37.253 

$ 31,367 

$ 490 

Bi^ Orovo 

$ 135.570 


$ 751 





VhiVi ijce 




lo .Vn 

. • 102.780 









. 100 




















Le Roy 















Bt. Clair 
















In 1805 the population of lienloii county was 11.245. an in- 
crease of less than three thousand o^er that of 1860. From that 
time on the tale is told in the^- table : 

1870 22.454 1890 24.178 

1875 22.807 1895 24.244 

1880 24,888 1900 25.177 

1885 23,902 1905 24 J 17 

In ]hi<- with the iuciease of population, the increase of tiixaole 
propert.v in a county is a conflnsive ]'>roof of its material develop- 
ment. But 'in the consideration of such fiorures it nuist always he 
rememltered that the assessed valuation is not the cash value 
of the proiK'rty. In the UL-'ures iriven l^elow. the valuations for 
1855 and 1865 are on the full cash basis; those for 1875. 1885 and 
1895. one-half tlie cash value, and for 1908, one-fourth. 

It is evident from the eondition ()f the asse.s.sors' book of 1855 
tiiat a mor<' or less futile attempt was i.-iade in that year to cullect 
the desired fiirures from its couTitrymen and to\msmen. At that 
time till' L^jvenuii'-nt (iwued i!:<)<t of tJit- land, which it sold i'or 


1865 (Cash Value) 

Bi^ Ortive 


Flort uco 

Knijc . " 








Le Koy 



Harrison < 

St. Clair . ,,, : 






$ 137,253 

.$ 31,367 

$ 490 

•t 135.57b 


$ 751 









































17/, 000 






Total 2,496,053 $736,351 $262,899 

, . . „ . IxCRf'-ARE IX POPl'LATIOX. 

T]i 1865 the popnlation of Benton eonnty Avas 11,245. an in- 
crease of less than three tliousand o\er that of 1860. From that 
time on the tale is told in the followiny table: 

1870 22.454 1890 24.178 

" ' ' 1875 22.807 1895 24.244 

ISSO 24.888 1900 25,177 

1885 23,902 1905 24,117 

In line with the increase of popidation. the increase of taxable 

; pro])erty in a eonnty is a conelnsive ]">roof of its nmterial dcveloi'- 
ment. Bnt 'in tlie. consideration of sneh fii^nres it mnst always he 

■ remembered tlmt the assessed valuation is not the cash value 
of tlir property. In the figures piven ])e]o\v, t)ie \'alnations for 
1855 and 1865 are on the full cash basis; tliose for 1875. 1885 and 

/ 1895, one-half the cash value, and for 1908, one-fourth. 

V. . It is evident fi'om the eondition of the assessors' liook of 1855 
tiiat a mor*' or less futile attempt was made m that year to collect 
tlie desired fitrures from its countrymen and towmsinen. At that 
time the fovernm^'nt owned, most of the land, wliidi it sold I'or 


$1.2') ])(■!• ariT. anil the towns in the eouiit\- were conKned to Viu- 
ton. Ik'nlon ('ity. ]\Iarysville (l'rl)ana) and otlier.s of even less 
iniportanre. So far as the recoiJ of as.s(.\s.sHnuits is decipherable, 
the statisti'-s for that year appear as follows: 






$ 6.9r)() 










]->Kmi. Tayhjr. liiu drove 




Cue (Frcnioiit. Fh>renee) 



linu-e. Canton 









. ' . 

liO Rov. St. Chiir 







Omitting' T'liion and Eldorado townships entii-ely. the t<)tal for 
land assessments was $1,008,103; for personal properly, $297,526,- 
and !ot^ ftown properly). $44.0>1. A.ssnniiiii,' that the fi^'ures foi 
Die two townships nanied wonld in aliout the saine as for Leroy and 
St. Clair, dire-dly to the south. The total assessed and cash value 
of Benton county proi)ert\- in ls55 was as follows-: Band, 
$1,181,001); ])ersonal. $301.0110; and lots. $14,000. 


The population of the towns and townships of Benton eonuty, 
as shown hv tlie census is a.s follows: 

Male Female Total . ?, 

B.elle Blaine. AYard Xo. 1 527 52 ( 1.054 

B.elh' Phnn.\ Ward Xo. 2 ' '•.■■•- ■ 807 841 1.648 

Belle Blaine. Ward No. 3 ■ ' 293 327 620 

Benton Township 205 213 478 

Biiir Grove Township . "^52 313 OOo 

Bniee Township 305 245 550 

Canton Township, e.xcln^ive of Shellsbun/ 298 269 567 

Shellsbur- 284 281 565 

Cedar Township 536 466 1.002 

Eden Township •-:. i',,,: ', 331 263 o94 

Eldonido Townshii) 448 395 843 

Florence Townshii). exclusive of Xorwa\- 408 347 7r>5 

Norwav 260 283 543 

Fremont Townsbip 455 38d 840 



Harrison Townsliip 

Homer To^^'nsllip 

Iowa Townsliip. cx'-hisive of I^flle T'laino and 

flat-kson Townsliip. exeliisive of (larri.snn 

Kane Townshii;. cxdnsive of Keystone 

Leroy Tp., exelnsive of P>lairsto\s-n and Luzei'iie 

Luzerne • ■ ' 

^lonroe To\oiship 

Polk Township, exdnsivL' of Urbana 
Urban a 

St. Clair Township 
Tavlor To\\nship, exclusive of Yinlnn 
Yiiiton. Ward No. ] 
Yinton, Ward No. 2 
Yiuioii, Ward No. 3 > . . 

Yinton, AYard No. 4 

Uiiiop. Townshi]i. exrlusivt- of Vhu Hor-ne 
Yan Home 


























lie 343 



















31 G 
























12350 11767 24117 

Progress in Agkjcultukl:. 

The opening chapter of this work presents, from a scientihc 
autliority, the natural reasons for the unsurpassed fertility of the 
soil of Benton county and its advantages as a thoroughly drained 
and watered country. Both its natuj'al and itvS industrial resources 
ai-e there depicted, and its preeniinence noted as an agrie-altural 
srctii'u of the state. 

For sf-vpral years after the deparluie of most of the Indians 
fri>m Bento^ county, in 1845-6. tlierr was little land within its 
limits wliich could not be bought for the old Government price 
of a dollar and a quarter an acre, and as late as the closing period 
of the war from six to eight dollars per acre wa.s a fair price. None 
of the pioneers of '55 and few of '65 ever expected to see the day 
when they, or their sons, or grandsons, woukl be "holding out" 
for even more than $100 jier acre. But that very day arrived some 
years ago. The wonderful tra.nsfm^mation of prices, tlie tre- 
niPUflous leap in vabus. wa.s bronuht a!>out by the dcvelopinent of 
ti-ans])..rtation faciliiii's and the consc(]uent extension of markct.s 


f(ir the fanners, livestock iiu'ii, dairyuien and all othens engaged in 
any form of agrieidtnre. l''ertil<' soil and ability to raise fine 
oro]>s are of litth* [practical advantage as long as the markets for 
sndi [ii''>diu-e arc f(jntiacled. * 

Tlio advantages possessed by the pioneer farmer of Benton 
eounty over tlif^ pioneer agrieidtnrist of the east are (piaintly de- 
scribed by J. Van ^detre, one of the old-timers of Uiiion township, 
whose land in the '50s was in the vicinity of Van ^b-tre's Grove 
(Pickaway), in the southwestern jmrt of that township. Th(^ 
subjoined extract, is taken from thi' semi-centennial edition of the 
yi)ito>i Eagh:, published in 1905: "Fifty years ago, what was 
pioneering on the rich prairies of Bejitojj county? AVe old fcUows 
wlio entered land and settled upO!i it to make honu's, are fond of 
impressing \ipon the yoinnrer generation that su<')i fortitude and 
pluck as we exhibited i7i taking this step has seldoni been equalled. 
If a fev.' of us happen to meet, with a pipe or cigar in mouth, we 
cock our feet on a stove, lean back in uur chairs, and regale each 
other with stories of the struggles and hardships of the time, until 
the lisiericr stands in av/e of th'' lieroic spirit who Vv'orked sra-li 
wonders. l^ut in fact what vas j^ioneering in a country, soil rich 
aiid ready for the plow, markets aiid points from which to secure 
supplies Anthin fifty or n hundred miles, but a change, vnth most 
of us, from landless homes, mere renters, in countries v%]iere homes 
had to be hewn out of forests! AVlmt was it but a yjleasaut adven- 
ture full of novelt>' and cxciteni'-'nt to the late-landless now in full of th.e virgin soil I VTiat was it but an inspiration 
which brightened every prosj^ect in life! Why. the pioneer as he 
ht'ld his plow, or Avith gun on shoulder, went out in search of a 
suppl>' of game, coidd hear tb.e whistle of the steam engiric 
and see th.e siooke of tlie locomotivf- bearing a train of cars across 
the state. 

''Th(^ ? ailway cars v/cre j:)i'aciically on the heels of the pioneers 
of ToA\a. They had severe trials, nnndi sufr'erijig and a measure of 
]^rivations; they had difficulties to surmount and hard labor to 
|)erfoi'm midfr those difficulties, but they would have had to be 
mentally blind if they did not discern the fact that a brief span of 
years woidd see them end. Certainly they conld not have expeeted 
even with all the lavish ])repai'ations that nature had made for them 
in fi'i-tih" soil and in a climate ideal for the production of the 
necessaries of life, that they should br- ;i1)|r- to make homes, such 
as tliey and theij- fathers before them m-vcr had. without under- 
L-'oing a degree of hardship. sufferinL^ and ]trivation. They did 


well, but tliey scarcely could have douc otlicrwisc. Thoy had 
ovorythin;^' at hand which if used witli reasonable dilij,'cnce. must 
insure llieir iuateri;d. social, and political sueeess. 

"Ma.ssachusetts had had in successful operation a conunon 
school system that had been coi)ied by Ohio and other states and 
that could be easily ad.ipted to the conditions of Iowa and under 
the most favorabh^ circumstances. That law was put into oper- 
ation here at an earl;> day enabiiuLr the settlers to secure an edu<'a- 
tion for their ehildi'en ])raetically without cost to themselves. If 
there were Init two or three fajnilies in a township, they could 
build school houses and hire tea-hei-s to instruct their three or four 
children, now residents bearing .so lar^e a part of the burden that 
the little left for the settlers to pay was never felt by them. There 
was no excuse for tlh:- children o-rowinjjf up in iLrnorance. I know 
how it is: The professional orators and political declaimers speak- 
ing before annual meetings of old settlers, cover them all over v/ith 
fulsome eulogies of the old fellovvs fo)- having braved dangers and 
with miiifis little less than insirlred. laid broad and deep the 
foundation uiKni which our magnifu-ent state is builded. And 
we old fellows lean forward with our elbows on our knc.s and take 
it all in while the dim eyes brighten and sparkle and tlie wrinkled 
forms swell to bursting with self-ajiiU'eciation. And we old 
fellows nod assent and Icfin over and whisper in each other's ears 
'AYe did it. ^Ye did it.' 

"I do not wish to be understood a.s belittling either the hard- 
ships sufTered and th.e difiiculties overcome by the ecirl\- settlers. 
iu)r their exeelleueies as hojrie-nud<ers and state builders, but when 
we read of tlic sufi'erings and achir-vements of the pioneers who 
first settled oti thi.': continent (»r even of the dirlieulti'-s of those in 
the older wevt( th stiies. Ohio, for in^tajice, whose nearest market 
or source of supj^ly was over tliC mountains to lialtinujre. hundreds 
of miles awa\. with la])d to |,o cleared of timber before a plow or 
even a hoe eould be put in it to any purpose and surrounded not 
only by blood-tliirsty India.ns. but by various species of ferocious 
wdd animals--Iowa i)ione(ring takes on the form of a holiday 
picnic. We were but a few years without postoftice facilities. 
which jiul us witliin easy conununication v/ith our friends 'back 
east,' and ])ut a little lon-er withoud railways and telegrai-hs. They 
lived all their lives befoi-e the postoftice was established nor dreameil 
that such a thino- as a railway ear woidd ever come to supplant the 
wagon as a meaiis of transportation. We had houses to live in 
and acres of laml nn<ler cultivation in two or three vears. Thev 


wore h;ipi)y if after many \ears of [»Grsisteiit toil thoy could close 
their (l('i-linin_ir years in a (•toiifortable heaved log house and have 
forty or tifl\' i'.cres of more or less stunii)y Ifind. under the plow." 

Agkicl:ltl:ka!. Societies. 

Ik-ntoii county has had various agricultural organizations 
since 1851), the society now in existence having been incorporated 
in 1888. The fii-st meeting, for pni-poses of organization, was held 
at Xniiton June 13. 1S57. wlien AY. F. Kirkpatrick was made chair- 
man and J( .scph Dysart. sec.-retary. A comnuttee of six was 
apf)ointed to draw up a constitution and l>y-laws; hut this move- 
UKMit came to naught. In June. 185;.', however, the Benton 
County Agricultural and Z\lechanieal Society was organized, with 
A. II. Shutis as secretary, and grounds were procured near the 
Blind Asylum grounds. Yinton. and fitted up for the first fair, 
held October loth and 11th of lliat year. It is reported that the 
i!it;st crcdilablt' dis])iays were made in the livestock dcjjartmeiit 
devoted to ho!-;;es and cattle, and i)i the cxliibit embracing sewing, 
cooking an.;! other fenude accomplishments of the day. On the 
1m~1 da\ cf the fair permanent ofticei's were elected, as follows: 
I. X. Chenowcth. president: J. F. Traer. "\Y. C. AViley, vice presi- 
dents; J. 11. Slnitts. secretary: and Y\^ A. Guinn. treasurer. This 
society went out of exist 'Mice in Alardi, 1871, its grounds passing 
to T^rofessor Thomas Tobin to be used as the site of the Til ford 
Collegiate Academy. 

Not long after the deatli of the L^cnton County Agricultural 
and ^lechanieal Society \\as formed tlie Yinton Driving Park 
Associiition. which, in turn, t;-ave way to the TJenton Coiiutv Ag'ri- 
tultural Association, in ^lay. 1872. The ea])ital stO'.k of tlie 
latter was .^lO.Oi)!). and its ofiicers at the first annual meeting held 
in January, ^>'i■]. wi^re as follows: Dr. J. C. Traer. president; 
J. A. McDaniel and James Rice, vice presidents; John F. Pyne, 
sc'-retary: and Paul Correll. treasurer. 

On Mar. h If). 1S88. the Benton County Agricultural Society 
was incorporated by J. Y'. Keith, Frank Wat.son, T. Alitchell, TT. B. 
Kclle.x'. Ira S'-ovill". O. Y'. Spears, I. ]\I. Carn, S. Robinson and S. 
Wliile. The preliminary meeting was held at the court house in 
N'intrn, and the first ot^leers of the society were T. C. Black, 
president: J. P>. F. Bunton. vice president; Frank AYatson, treas- 
urer, and .Vracl Thompson, secretary; Tl. B. Kelley. Joseph Sheelev, 
I. .Mitchell. James Austin. D. .Mcorn and J. W. Keith, directors. 

Vol. 1—4 


Mr. ]^)]ack served as president for ten eoiitiur.ous years, and ^V. II. 
Ilannu Iins been at the head of its affairs for the five. Until 
the niceiin'j; of December 14, 1900, I\Ir. Tlionipson had held the 
seeretaryship for fifteen years. T)ie direetors then elected for 
three-year terms wtre Koy Cameron, Albert Gilehrist and A. C. 
Austin. The i)Ooks show i)i^^ lueniliersliip of the society to be 170. 
but there is some complaint tliat the active membersliii) falls 
considera})ly below those fijxures. 

The grounds of the society co)nprise twenty-five acres adjoin- 
ing the city of Vinton on the south, and were originally purchased 
of J. S. Tilfoi'd. Tho imi^rovemeiits comprise a good race course, 
^vith grandstand and amphithc-atej-; a hoi-se l)arn of one hundred 
stalls; a couvenient ofi'ice building, aiid lialisi iji vrhich are displayed 
products of the farm and various works of art. 

The Patrons of Hlsbandrv. 

There is not a flourishing agricnl'nral community in Benton 
county which, fails to i^upport its loc;U grange, but for mar^y years 
the political and business features of the Patrons of Husbandry 
have been conspicuous — for their absence. As elsewliei'e in the 
west, the order was most flourishing for several years after its 
establishment. The organization was introduced into Iowa in 
1S70. and the first granges organi/cd were Producers No. 40. of 
Blaii'stown. and Expaiision Grange, of ikdle Plaine. An especial- 
ly flourisliing store \^'as oi'ganized in IS74, at the latter city, under 
the name of the Patrons' Joint Sicjck Company, but aftf^r a few 
years the enormous shrinkage in values placed a quiet\is on this 
enterprise, ns it did on so niariy Vtn-^iness venture.^. 

In J871, Plow Handle Cirangi^ v\as (U'ganized at Vinton, with 
W. P. Peynohls as ma,';tcr. nud in 1.-^72 Lojic Ti'ce and Homer 
Granges ^\■ere iristiluted in Home]- tov,nshi]). wWli E. Ilaat and P. 
Van P)yke as respecti^'c masters. Eden. Canton and Bnice town- 
ships fi41 into the grange column in February, 1S73. with the 
following local organizations: Eden Center, J. ^I. Hill, master; 
Canto7i Center. XathaTiiel Dice, master; and IHruce Grange. T. J. 
Sloan, master. In 1^72 James ^rcDanii'l. of Big Grove, was made 
comity deputy of the order, and in Vno following year a county 
council was formed. 

A ch'se observer of conditions in the early '70s thus notes a 
bright chapter in the history of the Patrons of Husltaudry : '"The 
order reached the summit of its growtli and usefulness in 1S74. and 


(lurnisx tlie wintiT of tliat year proved efticrtcious means of 
collecting and forwarding supplies to tlie d<^stitute population on 
(hf frontieis c)f Nebraska and ],)aki>Udi, crops had been 
devoured by grasshoppers. The peopb^ of l^cnton county, iii 
common with tlie whole of central and eastern Iowa, collected of 
their abundance, bolli of food and clothing, to preserve the lives 
of the settlers beyond the ^lississippi river; and a very hirge part 
of the present prosperity of westei-n Nebraska and southern Daho- 
laii (s]->eaking from the vievpoin.t of an observer of 1S78) is due 
to the generous sentiment for brothers in distress manifested by 
the farmers of Lnva during the winter of 1874-5. If the part taken 
by the Patrons of Husbandry during that winter were all that the 
order had ever accomplislied. its mis.sion would be fully approved 
at the fnial settlement of accounts of the humaji race." 

Since the declination of the Patrons of Husbandry as a 
].oliti<;il and business agency, its missiou as ;i social and educationai 
force has beeji emphasized. Not onl>' ha.s it accomplished much 
in the line of the scicntitic aiid labor-saving development ot agri- 
culture, but its members have been bi'ought togetlicr socially ajid 
fraternally, and the necessary tedium of farm life has been relieved 
throuirli dozens of avenues. 

•' . • • ■■•!■ i" 



FiKST Election in Henton Cot-ntv — First (Jonte^ted r2LHC- 
TJON — Exciting Election of — Railroad Politics — r^IiDAYAK 
Election — Since Civil War 'J'lmes — Cocnty Kostek. 1S4('-1>7<— 
SrPERVisoKs (Township Syste.m) — Sl-eervisohs (County Sy-'-em'' 
Officers and Elections, LsyS-lOin) — Old-'J'lme County Orn- 


Considpred politically, Benton eonnty c-oniposcs the forty-ninth 
assembly distrii't of Tova ; is, with Tama county, a portion o: toe 
forty-fiftli senatorial district of tlie state; with Tnnia and ^farshall 
comities, it is included in the seventeenth judicial district, and in 
the fiftli congressional district, wi^h Tama. Marsliall. Linu. J:nc-s. 
Grundy and Cedar. It luis an average Repu1)r!can HKijorizy of 
ahout seven hundred, and has long- heeu placed, as whole, in the 
columns of tiiat party. 

First Elt:ction ln Benton County. 

. ' . The first election in Ikniton county, held at Parker's Grove, in 

April. 1846, has already been noted. Over that initial perforn.a!i'.-f- 

of the voters of the county, which was ail incluibn! in or.e pre.-in*-t. 

, .. Beal Dorscy, Steduian Pfnu-osc ;ind !;yni;iu 1). l>o)(iwc]i presided a.s. 

i. judges and ]')avid S. Pi-ilt. and -IoIju Pioyal as clei'ks. The vor- on 

,,,, constaliles seems t(i l.ave l)rought f>nt the full politicni strenc'b of 

the county, MS votes havin-j- U-m cast for the different candid.ue?. 

and 142 for justices of the peace. At the regular election in A-.^'^.ist 

of the same year, tlu'ce voting ],recincts were in use. and it appears 

that soon after the precincts were erected into townships. The 

,,f 5 highest number of votes cast at this election, KM. was for co-inty 

{, , , commissioners, hilack Hawk county, then aitadicd to l>nton. r.-- 

ured in the election as Black Hawk precinct. As is (luite narnral. 

these early votei-s failed to show the interest in the October eFvtion 



fo)' state offic-ers which they bad evinced over tlie alTairs of the 
eouiity; and, besides, thi-ce elections in one year was douVitk^ss <iuite 
a strait! on their j)olitical enthusiMsiii. At all c\onts only 41 \otes 
were east in llii' entire c^nnty for governor. 

First Contested Ej.e(;tiox i . 

The first contested election in thi> county oc-enrred in 1S4T. In 
A]>ril of that year a special eleetiuJi v^as hold for prosccntiin^ at- 
torney, district, clerk and schuol laud eouiniissioner. On the face 
of the returns Stephen Ilolconib was elected prosecuting attorney 
over James Mitchell by 21 t<> TO votes; but Mr. :\litchell went behind 
the returns to such effect that on the loth of Mny his conte^lti(in was 
sustained by the Justices' court in the following (verbatim) de- 
cision : 

\Yi\ Tile Undt'rsigned Justes of The peac(' of Benton Co.. state 
of Iowa after examiniuij: All the Te>^tiin'.»uy perdused Before us on 
A case of the contesting' of alectun of Stephen Holcomb by James 
Mitehel do find that the said Mitchd is duly aleeted this the LS-day 
of :\Iay, 1847. 


li. W. Ilaynes, J. P.. (L. S.) 
• L. D. Bordwell, J. P.. (L. S.) 
Chai-les Canton wine, J. P. (L. S.) 

From the evidence "perdused" it appears that the contest 
liinged on the five votes from l^lack Hawk precincts, which were 
solid for Mitchell. These votes had not been j-eceived whoi the can- 
vass of returns was comph->ted on the fill) of M;iy. But as it wasaf- 
tei'ward decided that the '■aiivass shoub! be re-opened uml the bal- 
lots froi;; Black Hawk counted for ^Ir. :\.!it.-h"ll, the contestant went 
into ol'iice with a majority of three votes. 

". • Exciting Election op 1855. '■• '•"' ■ 

For some years before the Civil war the Whig-s and Democrats 
of Benton couTity were considerably disorganized ovci- such mat- 
tens of pure county concern as tlie building of railroads. In 
August, 1855, accordirig to the Vinton Enyle, the Democrats were 
in the ascendancy. In that \ear the popular and able Samuel l^oug- 
lass was ;i candidate foi- the countx' judgesliip against 'SL P. Adams. 



Wliig, and J. F. Filkin.s, Deiuoerat, was rumiiug agaiust C. II. 
Joliuson for recorder and ti-i'asiirer. ]\iorr interest attadied to 
these two oJii.'L'S than any others, and the vote cast was as fol- 
lows : 





ity Judge 


ec. and Treas. 



















































Taylor 134 112 159 87 

Total 336 282 367 263 

Raili;oad Politics. 

AVhile the routes of the first railroads to enter Benton county 
were in douhl. the politics of the comity largely hinged on this 
question. aii<l resulted for sevei'al yeai's before the war in rather 
n bitter feeling ltet\\eeu tlie northern and soutliern townships. 
Jacob Springer, who was so long a leading politician of the "south 
slope." has this to say of the politics of these times: 

"In the spring of 1S58 the 'south slope' became much 
agitated over tlie question of where the Cedar Rapids and ^Missouri 
River Rnilroad running across the county should be located. This 
road, whieli was afterward absorbed by tlie Chicago ami NnrLli- 
wesiern, ^^as organizeil by S(^me enterprising men of Cedar Raji- 
ids and Mai'shalltown. intending to get the road located running 
from Cedar Rapids, following Prairie creek up through the south 
part of tbe county and striking Iowa river at what is now iJelle 
Plaine. and following the Iowa river to ]\Iarshalltown. It was 
necessary in ordtu* to enable tlie eojnpany to liuild the road to get 
tlu^ legislature to transfer to the company th(' land grant which 
was fo7'mei-]y eiven by the State to the Air Line Railroad which 
was to run thi-oueh Benton (^ounty near where the '^^ihvaukee now 
runs. Tlie Air Line, in failing to bnild the I'oad fixed l)y tlir State 
had forfeitiMi tlir land irrant which tlien reverted to the State. 


The business men and politicians of tlie north part of the county 
(so reported) had arranyetl to have both ttie Senators and Rep- 
rest/ntatives noniinatt-'d and elected from the north part of the 
county with the understan.ding that they would vote and use their 
iiilhiorice in the lei;islature to prevent tiie transfer of the land 
i,n'ant. to the new company unless the company would pledge itaelf 
to build the road by way of Vinton. The agitation in the south 
part of the county finally culminated in calling a convention of 
th'» eight southern tosvnshi])s to meet at Hickory Grove, now Blairs- 
lown. At the time fixed all of the eight townships were fully rep- 
I'esented. Aftei- an all day confevence it was finally unanimously 
decided to send a full delegation to the Republican County Con- 
veution to be held at Vinton, itnd insist upon the nomination of 
James ]McQuin for representative, conceding the senator to the 
no?"th part of tlie county. ''J'he north part of the county 
treat(Ml the south part fairly by iiominating for repre- 
seu1ati\e James ^NIcQuin, who ^v^^s elected. The controversy 
was then trausferi-ed to the legislature at Des Moini's and 
teriiiinated. in the road being located in the south part of the 
county. Ever after the Hickory (.li'ove convention the eiglit town- 
shijjs were naiued the "south slope." which soon became somewhat 
of a factor in IJenton county polities. 

"In the winter of '59 and 'GO the question of the loeation of 
the Cedar Rapids and Missouri River Railroad wtis finally settled 
and located tln-ougii the south tier of tov/nships. So soon as that 
i'iu-t liccame generally known the country for two or three miles 
on eacli side of the railrocul was soon settled. The most of tlie set- 
tl.'rs had entei'ed the land in 1855 and 185G. In Florence there 
had beer, ((uile a mii;il)ej' of Xoi'vvegia.ns. Irish and Germans. St. 
Clair was settled mainly by Americans. A.fter ISGO many Gernuins 
eamt' in and settled in St. Clair townshjji. In l^eroy and Iowa 
about the same cojulitions existed. Kane hu-gely Germans. Un- 
ion mainly Irish. Eldorado and Fremojit considerably mixed. 
After the railroad was built and the towns of Norway, Blairs- 
towji and Belle Plaine were located the people began to take much 
more interest in the public alfairs of the county. Each township 
soon brouirlit out its 'local leadei-s. ' James IMcQuin, D. B. 
Ramage and >M. L. Harper, of Florence; W. Kelley, A. G. Ilan- 
uith and Jacob Sprinoer. of St. Clair; Ba.ssett, Morris and Dean, of 
I^dairstown: Stocker and Snow, of Kane; Judge Smith, of Union; 
Mi-Grauahan. Youel and Andei-son. of Fremout. The abfive named 


persons desired no oflire, consequent iy worked in harmon}-. In 
time they bee.) me quitt- influenticil in ]^..mtou county politics." 

For a numher of years Jiidyc Douulass was the a.-kncwledged 
leader of liis party in ]>entou county, and for a tiine seemed to 
carry everythin-' before him. The brilliant and ac;.trres^ive Tom 
Drinnmond then appeared upon the scene, and had almost grasped 

; , his scepter and transferred the leadership to the Kepublicau party, 

at the breaking out of the Civil war. The effect of that conflict 
upon county politics was to mort^ tirmly entrench the Republicans, 
although even during thai period of a strong prevailing Union 

; . sentiment thei'e were stiong Democratic partisans. In the sum- 
mer of 1863 lodges of the so called Knights of the Golden Circle 
were organized in Benton county, with the design of encouraging 

; , • a sentiment of disloyalty against the government, bnt the organi- 
zation of counter societies by the Republicans, known as Loyal 

, , Leagues, effectually squelched all such attempts. 

: , : !. .; I\Li)-Wak EleCTJON. 

At this point it may be of interest to note the voting strenirth 
of lienton county, at the mid-v/ar period. On the 1:3th of October. 
.^ . 1863, a general election was held for governor, lieutenant governor, 
judge of the supreme c(airt, member of the board of education. 
.,.,. senator for the thirly-secojid district. r(>presentative for the thirt\'- 
. ■ . eighth district, county judge, treasurer and recorder, sheriff, sur- 
; ^_. veyor. c(Minty school superintendent, coroner, and propositions re- 
garding poor farm and restraining swine and sheep. The twenty 
townships—I'olk. Harrison. Cedar. ]W\wi\ Monroe. Jackson. Taylor. 
Benton. Canton. ]']drn. IMg Grove, Home!-. Kane. Union. Fhlorado. 
Fremont. I'lorence, St. Clair, Le Roy and Towa — cast the following 
vote : 

Governor— \Y)l}iam M. Stone. 1,0l>4; J. M. Tuttle. GfiG ; Le 
,., . Grand Byington 1 ; total 1,681. 

Lieutenant Governor—Enoch W. Eastman. 1,031; J. F. Dun- 
combe, GiS; total 1679. 
,.,,„." Judge Supreme Court — L F. Dillon. 1.031; Charle.s Mason, 

, 651 ; total 1,682. 

Senator— Wm. B. King. 1,032; Andrew Hale, G.IO ; total 1.682. 
Repi-esentative-Alexander Ivunyon. LfM.") ; W. C. Smith. 62!t; 
total 1.674. 


Judge— Hiu-en K. Sherman, 1,040; A. L. Kimball, 644; total 

Recorder iiiid Tivasurer — James II. Sluitls, 9;IS ; Stephen Chop- 
in. 732; total 1,670. 

^Sheriff— Ezra Bigelow. OliS; A. II. SeLern, 80; G. W. Iiid--e, 
r>M': iut-A 1,6S2. 

Surveyor— J. ^1. Kellar, 605; P. B. Sniitli, 898; C. S. Bennett. 
142; total 1.645. 

County Sehool Superintendent— L. M. Holt, 1,021; J. Shell- 
enberj^er, 648; total 1,679. 

Coroner — Closes Denmau. 1.043; "William Robbins, 642; total, 

Poor Farm— For, 861 ; 517 ; total 1,377. 

Re.straining Swine and Sheep — For, 1,072;, 381; total. 

It appears also that t)ie soldiers of the state, in the field and 
liospitaLs, 272 ballots for ie])resentative of the thirty-eighth 
distriet, of whieh Alex.uidor Kunyon reecived 232 ajul Vrjiliam 
C. Smitli 4i) voles. The state eaMvassiny boaid certified to the above 
November 25, 1863. 

The gejieral election held Novemljer 8, 18G4, v/as for president, 
vice president, congressman from the fourth district, secretary of 
state and othei' officers, .judge and di.strict attorney of the eiglith 
district arid county recorder. The vote for .judge of the 
district in P>enton count>' \\-as a.s follov.s: Charles II. Couklin , 
1.167; James D. Teniplin, 125; George D. Templiu, 366; total, 
1 .558. 

District Attorney— C. R. Scott. 1.172; J. R. Shecan. 1.000; 
total 1,272. 

District Court Clerk— James Chapin, 1.160: A. Clark, J; 
James T. Sargent. 4; total. 1.1G5. , ,,- , ^.' 

County Recorder — Milton P. Adams, 1,16G. 

In the Oetoijer election during the last year of tlie war for 
governor, lieutenant governo!-. supreme judge, .superintendent of 
juiltlic schools, congressional rcp)-(\sentative and county otlieers. 
Bedton count>- gave William M. Stone a majority of 531 for gov- 
ernor and P>enj. F. Gue, 633, for lieutenant governor. The follow- 
ing \otes were cast for county oft'ieers : 

County dudge — Buren R. Slierman. 1.35-^. 

County Treasurer — dames II. Slio.tts, 1.318; l^lijali Evans, 1. 

l-Jecord-r — Frt^dk. Lyman. 1.314. 

Sheriff — l-'zi'a Bigelow, 1.337; J. l\nai)p, 2. 


Coimty Superinteiulent — Amos N. Dean, 1,357. 
Coroner — Ekltr II. Cuwell, 1,293; Geoi-ge V. Jones, 5; E. 
Smith, 3 ; A. Taylor, IG. 

Survt-yor — Peter B. Smitli, 1,303; S. II. Lee, 7. 

Since Civil War TniES. 

Since wnr times there ]iave been "ups" and "do^\1ls'^t^:>r 
both parlie.s, but a general analysis of the vote east in Benton 
county since 1901 will give a fair idea of general political condi- 
tions. In that year the county gave Roosevelt 3,609 votes for pres- 
ident, and I'arker, the Deinoeratic standard bearer, 2.057. In 1906. 
the first election for govei'nor under the new law, Cummins, the 
Republican candidate, received 2,-123 and Porter, Dei.aocrat, 2,9SO; 
while i)i 1908 the county agcdn return-^d to the Republican column, 
both guberuatorially and presidentially — -Carroll receiving 3,020 to 
2,151 votes east for White, and Taft, 3,180, against 2,11S for 
Bryan. In 190o, AV. P. Vv'liipple polled 2,819 votes in Bentvn 
county as a Repubhcan candidate for the forty-fifth senatorial 
district, and his op])onent, W. J. Gninn, 2,189. The official canvass 
of the votes cast at the general election of Noveml'.cr 3, 1908 shows 
the following Republican majorities in tlie county: Presidential 
electors 761; governor. 570; lieutenant governor, 671; sec- 
retary of state, 696; auditor of stale. 671; treasurer of state, 707: 
aliorney general, GSd; superinteudeni of ])ul)lic instruction. 703: 
judges of supreme court, 699, 681 and 698; derk of superior court. 
G71; railroad commissi(Uier, 692; member of congress, 719; state 
i-eprcsentative, 150; count\- auditor. 955; clerk, 139; sheriff, 1,0U: 
attorney, 306 ; surveyor, 676; coroner. 178; and county .supervise jrs. 
178 and 108. In the c0unt\- there was no oppositioii to the Repiil- 
lican can.didates for treasurer and )'ect)rd.'r. who received 3279 av. I 
3256 votes, respectively, which was a little above the average parry 
vote. The voting strength of the county, at tliis election, was from 
5,300 to 5.500. the larger vote lieing generally east for the 
county ofiices, especially for sheriif and attorney. A general analy- 
sis of these figures indicates, as stated at tlie commencement of this 
artieh\ an average Repubhean majority in the county of abou: 
seven h.uudred, out of an average total vote of some 5,100. 


CouxTY Roster ]54G— 1878. 

It is impossible to give a complete list of the officers of Ben- 
ton county, as there is no record of the election in 1848 and from 
1852 to 18G3 tht' records ar-' not in exi'^tence. But from the best 
accessible sources of information a list has been compiled wliich 
will be found fairly complete. 

County commissioners. 1816 (April to August), Edwin B. 
Spencer. Stedman Penrose and Sanuiel K. Parker; 181G-7. Sam- 
uel M. Eockhart, Charles Cantonwine and E. P. North; 1817-8, 
Sarnufd :\1. Enclchart, E. F. Nortli and Tiiomas Way; 1818-9, Sam- 
uel M. Eoekbart, Thomas Way and L. F. North ; 1819-50, Samuel :\I. 
Eockhart, Thomas Way and E. F. North; 1850-1, Samuel M. Eock- 
hart. E. F. North and James Rice. 

Commissioners' clerk. David S. Pratt, 1846-8; Elias R. 
Keyes. 1848-9; W. R. Johnson, 1849-50; James T. Beckett, 1850-1; 
Ceo. W. Vardaman, 1851. (Oftice abolished in 1851.) 

County surveyors. 1. D. Simison., April to A^ugiist, 1846; 
Francis Riu-aud. 1846-7; I. D. Simison, 18-17-51; Newell Colby, re- 
sitrned :\ray 1, 1856; Wesley Whipple, 1856; Peter B. Smith, 
1862-7: Jamr-s A. Brown, 1868-77; G. AY. Smith. 1877. 

School fund commissioners. Jolm Royal, 1847-8; l-llias PI. 
Keyes. 1848-50: James F. Beckett. 1850-2; Irwin D. Simison ; 
J a col) S. Hunt, 1855. (Office abolished in 1858.) 

Cnerks of courts. Wm. J. B.'rry. 1846; J. R. Pratt, 1846-/ ; 
Irwin n. Simison, 1847-50; C. W. Buffum. 1850-1; G. W. Yarda- 
u)an. 1851-2: James C. Traer. 1852-4; DaviJ Robb, 1854, resigned 
A()ril 21, 1^56: W. C Stanberry, 1856; James Chapin. 1856-66; II. Sherman. 1867-74; II. E. Warner, 1875. 

Sbr-rin's. Jobn Rnyah' April to August. 1846; James DowTis. 
1846-7; John Royal. 1847-9; Cyrus C. Charles, 1849-52; AVilliaiu 
Remington, 1853-7; Elmer Howard. 1857-9; A. E. Selx-ru, 1860-3; 
Ezra Pd^jeb.w. 1861-7; Henry ^L Wilson. 1868-73; Peter S. Smith, 


Prosecuting attorn-ys. James ^.litchell. 1846-7; Samuel 
Lockhart, 1847-8; Jnim Alexander. 1848-50; I. :\1. Preston; Nor- 
man W. Isbol; James Harlan. 1852: John Alexander, 1854; Edwin 
Humphrey ville. 1856-8. 

Reeordei-s. Irwin D. Simison. 1846 (Ai)ril to August): Ee.s- 
ter Vr. Haves. 1846-7. 


Treasurers and Collectors. Beal JJorsey, 1846 (April to 
Auj:ust);,S. L. ^Torsc, ] 840-7. 

Treasurers and Recorders. David S. Pratt, 1847-9; Joseph 
Rouse, 1S49; James Jolnrson, ] 849-53; James Chapin, 1853; W. K. 
Johnson, 3853; .1. W. Filkins. 1855; Alexander Rnnvon, Jaines H. 

Treasurers. James II. S;hntts. 18G5-G; S. A. Marine, ] 870-73; 
Othniel Jlorne. 1874-7; Philip M. Coder, 1878. 

Recorders. Milton P. Adams. 18G5; Fr.'deriek livrnan, ISC^S- 
9; Philip M. Coder, 1809-72; James W. Smoek, 1873. " 

Auditors. Edward M. Evans, 1870. 

Superintendents of schools. J. Dysart, 1858; L. T^F. Holt, 
1864-5; Amos N. Dean, 18G6-9; 11. M. Iloon, 18'(0-73; S. T. Short- 
ress, 1874-5; :\riss Salina Blackburn, 187G. 

Judjj:es of probate. Joii.'dhan R. J'ratt, April to Ausrnst. 
1846; James :\r. Denison. 1846-7; James I\riteliell. :\rarch to August. 
1847; David S. Pratt, 1847-9; John Alexander, 1849-51 (office 
abolished 1851 ). ■ 

County .iiida-es. John S. h'orsyth. 1851-5; Samuel Douglas. 
1855-9; John Treanor, 18G0-G1; John McCartney, 18G2; Buren R. 
Shernijin, 18G4-7; George :^i. Gilchrist, 1868-9; J. L. (ieddes, June. 
1869-70 (office abolished). 

District judtie.':. .la)n»\s P. Carleton, 1847-8 and 1851-3; V/il- 
liam Smyth. 1854-G; Isaac Cook, 1857-8; AVilli;!m L. :\riller, 1859- 
61; Xorman W. Jsbel, 18.G2-3; James Bart. 1864; C. II. Conklin, 
1865; N. M. Hubbard. 1866; James .AL Rothro.-k, 1867-75; Jolni 
Shane, 1876. 

Circuit judirfs. William l]. .Miller, 1869-70; Geo. R. Stnible. 
1871, rcsio-ned; ^V;!liam J. Ilacidoi-k. 1871, Jolni AbdCejin, 1872. 

' ■• "' St'pervisors (Township SysteaO- 

For 1861. James McQuiii. chairman; Jam'\H Rice, Jaeob 
Springer, M. Giiinn. Sinnuel :\Ii.^kinim, W. F. Kirkpatrick. Jolm 
Slattery. Wm. C. Sjnith, J. "SJ. Inman. John F. For.syth. Joab Aus- 
tin, .1. R. Christie, B. R. Dwigans, E. W. Stor-ker. D. A. Rol)inson, 
S. (r. Liverniorc, ]\rarlin ^rickey, Stoughton Lainoree. George L. 
Palmer. George Treanor. 

For 1862. Jaines ATcQuin. chairman; IT; Gwin, W. F. Kirk- 
patrick. AV. C. Siuitli. Jo;d) Austin, B. R. Dwigans. D. A. Robin- 
son, S. (!. Livcrmore. Stomditon Lamoi'cc. J. M. Iinnan, Jacob 
Siiringer. James Rice, William Helm, AVilliain Wallace, George 


Treanor. Saiiiuol Miskiiiim, •J<ili!i Slatter\', Martin ^lickey, Joliii 
KiifFconi. and C. W. Stockcr. 

For ]8G:3. ■]ani«"< McQuin, t-liainnan ; Jacob Sprinj^^er, J. 0. 
Burnett, 11. Giiinn. Siinpsoii ^Vells. D. A. Kol)i.ii.son. ?>I. ;\Iickey, 

E. W. Sloi-kcr. .J. M. Iniiian. S. Misk-inim. John Hufi'am, W. C. 
Sniilli. James R'n-i', John Shittory. Joseph Dysarl. V/m. Ilchn, 
cor <.'C Treanor, Kiis.seli Howe, Thomas CJillctt and William Wal- 

For 1SG4. James ^R-Qnin. cliairman; Jacol) Sprin^^ier, George 
I'x-i-izcn. John L. Jinrke. Dou-lass W. .Michael Smith. AV. 

F. Kirkpatrick. James Kice. K. W. Stoeker, Dickson .lolni.son, .S. 
P>. Cornin.u-. Jolui Treanor, \V. (J. Sjnilh. J. M. Inman, T. Gilletl, 
S. T. Wells. 1. (r. Hiirn>-1t. 1). A. Koiiiiismi. 11. Guinu. K. Bowe. 

For ]8()o. -lames ]\r( C^uin. chairman; W. C- Smith. W^. F. 
Kii-k]iatri<-k. John Knapp. Henry A. S)i;dYer. W. S. Snow. II. Shel- 
don, Alex. Kunyon, D. A. Robinson. Alexander Johnson, John 
Treanor, 1). W. ^larsh, James Rice. Jacob Springer, George Ber- 
gen, M. Smith, E. W. Stockcr. .). !>. liurke, S. B. Corning. 

For 18(J6. JariK^s AfcQnin, chairman; John Treanor. rlacol) 
S]>ringer, George IHeru'cn. D. Johnson. Jame.s Rice, 'SI. Smith. J. L. 
linrke. X. llawlcy. A. Heaman, William Wallace. W. C. Smith, W. 
S. Snow, 11. Sheldon, D. A. Robin.soji. Alex Johnson. W. F. Kirk- 
patrick, J(Jn') Knapp, Alex Rimyon. 11. A. ShatTei. 

For 18()7. James ^b-Quin. cliairmnn ; "\V. F. Kirkpatrick, 
Amos Dean, Jolni Knapp, E. Trueblood. W. C. Rogue, C. L. Sum- 
mers, S. ]\lcGranahan. Isaac X. Chenoweth, Thomas Lewis, Thomas 
Ryan. John Treanor, AV. AVallace, D. Joluison, J. Rice, J. Springer, 
George Beri,'en. .]. L. Burke, A. TieomHii. X\ Ilawley. 

For 1868. J;'mcs M( Quin. chairman; Jacob Springer. E. (5. 
Brown, d. ]j. Col)b. J. M. Van Metre. Sanuii>l :\, Xclson llaw- 
lcy, John B. Reeve, Jam.'^s Rii-e, George Buehau, David MeNie, A. 
J. AVyckoff, Amos Dean, C. L. Sunnn^n-.s, S. I\[cGranahan. W. F. 
K'irkpatrick. W. C. Po<-rue, Thomas Lewis, John Knapp, I. X. 

For 18tJ0. E. G. Brown, chairman; D. L. AYebb, J. Black- 
man. J. ^I. liniiaii. AA'. A. Tainier, C. L. Summers, AA^. AA^ Hamilton, 
D. B. Ramsdell. A. W. Burnison. David Landon. A. D. Ryan, 
David AlcXie. J. 1^. Cobb. S. :\Iahin, James Rice, J. B. Reeve, Jacob 
Sprimzer. A. J. W^yclcoff. Georg(> Buchan, X. Hawley. 

For 1870. E. (';. Brown, chairman; Amos Dean. John L. 
Burke, David :^rcXie, L. Brooks. H. T. Elliott, A. II. lleldenbrand. 


.J. T. JIaveiiseroft J. K. Chrislir. .J. T. Austin. ^L Smyth, S. M. 
Diukkiii, v.. M. Sumincis. J. :\I. Imiiaii. I). ]j. "Webh, I). U. I{anis<K-lK 
A. W. liuniisou. AV. A. TiiniKT, AV. \V. Ilainilton, J. Hhu-kinaii. 

Sri'iiRVisoKS (CoiwTV System). 

Vol- 1871. James ^leQuiji, chairman; Ibaar N. Chetiowt'th. 
Joiin l\i)aj)p. 

l^'or ]S7-!. Same. 

F(»r 1873. John Ktiapp. cliairjiiaii; I. N. Cheuowcth, E. \V. 

FoT 1874. Jolm Knajjp. chaii'maii; 1. N. Chenowoth. 11. 
Oil i 11)1. 

For 1875. I. N. Cheiio\vi't}i. eliairman; II. CTuiim, Nelson 

For 187G. i. X. Chcnoweth, eliairmau; N. llawJey, IT. Giiinn. 

For 1877. N. IJa-wley, chairman; A. A. Went/.. AVilliam F. 

For 1878. A. A. AVcnt/, eliairinau ; V7. F. Atkinson, N. Havr- 

Officers and Elections 1878— 3909. 

1878. Distriet (luiihtli) .Indt^e, .Jolm Shane; district attor- 
ney, I\riIo ]\ Smitli : elei'k of the conrt. AraJ Thom]>son ; county 
I'ecoi'der .lames W. Siiuxk; county supervisor, Geor.fre ]M. Greg'E:; 
jail proposition and tax defeated — fo}' 1.325 and airainst F555. 

1879. State senator. John I). Nichols; representative, Jacob 
K. AVauniei-; county auditor. Edwaid M. Evans; county treasurer, 
Pl)ili]) AT. Cttder; sheriff. Peter S. Smith; county saperinteiideut. 
Salina liiackliurn; coumy sa})ei-visor, John L. A'ouel ; surveyor. 
Geoi\ue W. Smith; coroner. W. F. Kirkpatrick. 

18S0. Fin- presidential election llenton coiuity t-ast 9, '210 votes 
and for distriet elector 42,444. Various state officers except gov- 
ei'nor were elected, those mcn-e closely connected Avith Benton coun- 
ty 1»cii!ir as follows: ("ii'cuit .indue (ei.^hth district). Christian 
lledi^es; clerk of district and circuit courts, Arad Thompson; re- 
cortler, James W. Siiiock ; supervisor, Nehemiah Van Skike ; sur- 
veyor, liii'am Lijie; nuijoritics aLrainst the constitutional conven- 
ti(m and llu' con.stitinional amendment. 

1881. Elcvlion for '.^rNrrnor and lieutenant .governor, jud.tre 
of the slate supreme coiu't. sui>crinlc!ident of |)uhlic instniction. 


and rf])rcs('nt;itive for forty-sixlli coiiort'ssii^iial disli-jct. Comity 
iifticcrs elected: County auditor. Edwai'd M. Kvaiis; trcasiirt-r (to 
fill \acancy). I']lilm D. St»'diiiaii ; shcriiV. Poirr L. Smitli ; ciniiitN' 
siipcriideiulcnt, Salina. I>lark1>urt) ; siirwyor, Ilii'ain Li[)r; super- 
visors, Cyrus Maliohii; corono'. Win. F. Ivii'kpalrii'i^ ; majority of 
0-10 for ]>roposjtioii to Imild a jail and l(Ks-2 for api)ropriati'>n of 
s\va)np land fund. 

1SS2. Jok'ction for various state ofliccrs oxeept ji:ov(-rnor, 
juduv, clerk and repoi-ter of state su])i'eine eonrt and eon.L'ressioinil 
representative from fifth district. Followinii wrre eJeeted for other 
ofliees: Judge (eig'hth) district court, James 1). Giffin ; district 
attorney. IMilton Rumley : clei]< district and circuit courts, Arad 
1'hompson ; recorder, James \V. Smock; comniissioner, Joh.n L. 

18.^3. OTd)ernatorial electioji ; also for another judge of the 
supTcme court and superintendent of jiublie instruction. ]\[ajorl- 
tie.s: State senator. John Ridc-r; representative, Crcorgo C. Scrim- 
geour. J'Jected: County auditcu-, (Teorge K. Kna])p; trea.surer. 
Kiihu D. Stedman ; sheriff, Irviri .Mitchell; supcrintenderu of 
scjiools, (?\liss) S. rUaekman ; surveyoi-, Hiram Lipe ; coroner. AViri. 
F. Kirkpatrick ; siipervisor, Xehemiali Van Skila'. 

18S4. Pi'esidential election year; also for state ofticcrs except 
go\'(-rnor and lieutenant goverjior; congressional representative 
tifth district. Majoritie.-^ for aniendments 1, 2. 3 and 4 of the state 
constitution and f(U- .1. 11. Kothrock as judge of ilie state supreme 
court and Chri^tiaJi C. nedges. judge circuit court of eighth dis- 
trict. County ofricers elected: Recorder, (^eorge A. Freeman; 
clerk of the district and circuit courts, xVrad Thom])son ; super- 
\ isor, llugli St. Clair. 

18So. Election for govei')n)r. jiidge of state supremo coiu't. 
superintendent of jndilic instrui-tioii etc. Count.v olhcers eh-eted: 
Auditor, Oeoi'ge R. Kjiap{): treasurer. Elihu J). Stedman : sherilT. 
John W. Barr ; county superintendoit of .schools, Charles P>. Ma- 
rine; supervisor, John L. Youel; coroner, AVm. F. Kii-kpatrick ; 
surveyor, Tliram Ijipe. 

1886. f]lection for various state ofiicers excei)t governoi'; 
for congressional representative and clerk and reporter of state 
supreme court, ]Ion. George ^1. Cilchrist had a majority for the 
disti'ict judgeship and the follijwiiif'- county officers were elected : 
Supervisor, C 11. Krime; recorder. George A. hh-eeman ; attorney, 
(^tcorge W. Ihindiam. 

18S7. Eh'rtjou for governor, lieutenant governor, judge of 


tlu' supi-t'iiic court. suix'i'iiiU'iKlcnt of public itistmctioii and con- 
«.'r('ssional representative. County ol'ticcrs elected: Auditor, S. 
P. Van Dike: treasiu-er, E. J>. SUmIukid ; sheriil;', John VV. IJarr: 
superiutend''iit of sehools. Charles B. ]\IjirneJ'; supervisor. John 
Youui:; eorouiT. \V. V. Kiikpatrielc ; siii-veyoi-. (leorj^e ^Y. Kitlue. 

Ji?S8. Presidental election;') for various state olTicers ex- 
cept irovernor (and ineludiun- raili-oad conunissioner) ; .jud<:i:e of state 
supreme court aU'J representative for conyress. Comity olTi<-ers 
elected: Jieeordei', David D. Johnson; attorney. John T. Christie; 
supervisor. Join !-'. St;\nlcy. 

188!>. Election for trovernor, lieutenant governor, .judii'e of 
the supi'eme court, snpei-in't-ndent of pul)lic instruction, railroad 
eonnnissioner. .judge of the district court ( Hon. C ^Y. Gih'hi-ist in 
a majority), senatoi' from the foi'ty-tiflh district (J. J. ]\ros!uit 
ill a small ma,iorit,v) and rcpresentati\e foi- fort\ -ninth district (E. 
A. ]\ritehell in a hea\-y nKijoi'ity) . County oftieers elected: Auditor, 
IS. P. Yan Dike; treasurer, Alex. Runyon ; sherifi', John A. ]']lliott; 
survex'or, II. Eipe; snperiidendent of schools, E. K. ]\Ic(T0trg; cor- 
onei-, J). 1). ifaples ; sapervis(>r. (!. IL Krime. 

1890. Election for various officers except governor, etc. ^la- 
jority of LM86 in county ajiainst revision of slate constitution. 
County ofti'-ers elected; Recorder, D. D. Johnson; clerk of dis- 
trict court. John IVf. Lehr; attorney, Cato Sells; supervisor, Joseph 

1891. Electi<)n for fjoyerrjor, lieutenant trovernor. representa- 
tive forty-ninth di-<trict etc. County otfieers elected; Treasurer, 
Alex. l\un\o!i; sherifi'. J. C. Downs; superintcndt^nt of .schools. E. 
K. I\lc(Jogg:; supervisor J. S. Stanley; surveyor, C. S. l>ennett: t-or- 
oner, (J. IMcCoi-kle. 

' 1892. Presidential elcc[i(;n; also for various stide ofllcers ex- 
cept g-overnor, congrfssionrd representative from the tifth district 
judge of the seventeenth judicial district and cierk of disti'ict 
court. County officers elected: A\iditor, II. IT. P>u<-k; i'ec(u-der, E. 
I\r. Evans; attorney. Cato Sells; supervisor. C Y\'. Fer-ris. 

IS':)'-]. ( Juhei-natorial election; also for judge of tlie supreme 
court, superintendent of ])uhlic instruction, railroad commissiont'r. 
representative of the forty-ninth district, seruitor of the forty-fifth 
district etc. County otfiecrs elected: Treasurer. Janu's O. ^lallory: 
sheriff. Jaiiie.s >[. Elson; c()unty supcr'ijjtendeid of sch<»()ls, A. AV. 
\Yhile: c:ironer. (i. M. r^lesliit ; supervisor. K. F. Sndth. 

IS'.lf. Election for statt> ot'iirei's ex.-e|»t <.'0\cruor etc.. judges 
of the suj)erioi- aiul sui)reme couit. clerk' and recorder of the su- 

IIIST()I?Y OF ]ii:.\TOX COUX^J'Y 65 

])r'cmt> cimrl, repivsentative from fifth coni^ressioiial district ami 
jiulue of the seventeeuth judii-ial district. County ofticers elected: 
Auditoi', TT. II. Kiu-k : cleric of the district court. John Lorenz, Jr.; 
attorney. C. F. Stookey ; recorder. E. 3.1. Evans; sheriff, S. H. ^Nlet- 
ealf; supervisor. John T. Sloan. ^Majority of 300 propo- 
sition to levy thrci-mill ta.\ for county poor house. 

1895. Election for uDverncir, iJeuttnant govei'nor, judge of 
state supreme court, superintendent of puhlic instruction, railroad 
commissioner and representative from forty-ninth district. County 
officers elected: Treasurer, James G. ^^lallorv ; sheriff, Samuel If. 
IMctcalf; superintendent of schools, Antlmr White; supervisor. 
]Morgan S. Pratt; coroner, C. B. Clicnoweth; surveyor, lliram Lipe. 
Fropo.sition to borrow money to ere<.'t new court house defeated 
by 2,885 to 1.014 votes. 

1s9(k l-*residerjtial election; also for various state oftL/ers 
except goveruoi". etc. County officers elected: Auditoi', W. II. 
IJickel ; cler-k of district court. R. F. ]Mos,sman ; recorder, J.. E. 
\Vl:ipjtie; attoi'D.ey, M. J. Tobin ; supervisor, K. F. Sndth. 

18'07. Election for governor, lieutenajit govcj-nor, etc. Coun- 
ty oflicerx elected: Treasiuvr, C'hai-les AY. Brubaker; sheriff, Peter 
IT. Theissen ; superintendent of schools, Aaron K. Rife; supervisor, 
Jolin F. Schloeman : coroner. J. E. Cox: sm^veyor, AVilliani Beru- 
storf. l-'roposition to build a county houie defeated by 1,730 to 

1898. Election for various other st<tte oi'ticers thaji goverjior 
eti-. Elected: Clerk of the district coui't, B. F. Mossman; audi- 
tor, AV. II. Bickel: r^'eorder, I). S. l\oscnberg; attorney, ^I. J. 
Tobin; siijiervisor. Jiio. N. Kerr; surveytu", Ijlev>ellyn Smith. 

litOO. Presiclcutia'l cleclidti; -ilso for se(-retnry. auditor, treas- 
urer an<l attorney general of tiie state, raih'oad connnissioner, 
judge of stif)reine CMurt and renre-'Mitative frOin tlie fiftli coil- 
grcssi(.»nal district. Ofticers clccled: Clerk of flisfrict court, A. 
Ix .Mien; recoi-der, 1). S. Rosenl^erg; aiulitor. W. 0. Brand; at- 
torney, L. .). Kii'kland: su])i'rvisor. llueh Ilum])hi'cy. The con- 
stitution amondment carried hy a vote of 2,'i80 to l,7r)C and the 
(■oust itvdioti convention by 2.540 to 2.132. 

1 !'()!. Election for governor and various other state ofticers, 
slate senator from the forty-fifth district and re])r<\sentative from 
the forty-ninth. ('(Muity otbeers elected: Treasurer. .J. C. Pintrel; 
shej-ift". W. C. Youel ; superintendent of schools, C. R. Lowe; sur- 
veyor. L. Smith ; coroner, A. J. Bryant; supervisor, -lohn N. Kerr. 

\V,1. T— 5 


1902. Elee-lion of various state otTieers other tlian irovernor, 
etc. County offi(rers elected : Clerk of district court, A. B. Al- 
ien ; auditor. W. 0. Rj'and; recorder, George H. Thoiupson ; su- 
pervisor, J. r. Cobiirn. 

1003. Election for governor, etc. County officers elected: 
Treasurer, John C. riugvl ; sherift'. W. C. You'i-l ; superintendent of 
schools, C. K. Lowe; surveyor, L. A. Dickinson; co-oner. A. J. 
Bryant ; supervisor. TI. Tlumphrey. 

1901: — Presidential election ; also for secretary, auditor, 
treasurer and attorney g -neral of the state, railroad commissioner, 
judge of the supreme court and reprcsentati\'e from the iifth con- 
gressional district. C<ninty officer.s elected; Auditor AY. 0. 
Brand; clerk district court. A. B. Allen; treasurer, John C. Pin- 
gel; sheriff, AY. C. Youel; recoi'dcr. George II. Thoinj)son ; superin- 
tendent of schools, C. P. Lowe; coroner. A. J. Bryant; surveyor. 
L. A. Dickinson; attorney. L. J. Kirkland. On the constitntioual 
ainendinent, 222G votes v/ere cast for. and 2382 against ; on the conrt 
tlie coui't house propoK^itioji (for diicd taxation of five milLs) 2D30 
for. and 2,647 against. 

By proper legi.^lative action the projiosed nniendment to ;-"- 
ticle XII (section IG'i. providing for uniform hieiniial electi"n> 
of state officers was submitted to the elcctoi-s at tlie fall eleehon 
of 1904 and adopted, li ]U'0vided for the election of a frovern'T. 
lieutenant governor, seeretary of state, auditor, treasurer, atti'^r- 
noy general. tM"o .^ud^■cs of thi' .^utn-emc court — the successors of 
.judges of the district court whose terms of oftice expired Dereni- 
l)cr 31, 1!)()G — tmd six state senators v.'ho would otlierwise be chosen 
in 1905, as well as memliei-s of the liousc of representatives. 
terms of the .iudecs of the suprejue coui't v.'hich v.'ould otlierwis--* 
ex[>ii'e on DeciMnbrr 3,lsl of odd numbered .veal's, and all oth-vr 
elccrive slate, comity and tovvnshifi ofiii'crs -wliose terms of om c 
woiibl otlici-wise expire in Jauua)-.v . lOOIi. and iricmbers of the 
general assembl.v whose successors would otherwise be chosen in 
lOO-"). were extended one year until theii- successors could qualify. 
Th(^ terms of senators whose successors would otherAnse be chosen 
in 19f)7 were extended one .\'ear. The general assembl.v was to 
provide which of the .iiulLrcs of the state .supreme court was to 
serve a.s chief .iustice. 
! I90G-7 — Gub'n'natorial electiou. County ofiicei-s: Audit-r. 

A. H. Turner; clerk. P. Cr. Bryner; treasurer. John C. Pinsrel : 
reecrder, George II. Thompson; sherii^, W. C. Youel; attorney. 


Clarence Nichols; siiperintendejit of .scliools, C. R. Lowe; coroner, 
Dr. A. J. IJryant. 

l!'07-3 — Election for congressniaii. County officers: Audi- 
tor, A. IT. Turner; clerk. F. G. Bryiier; treasurer. J. N. Wilson; 
recorder. J. A. Ridenour; .sheriff, A. B. Blair; attorney, Clarence 
Nichols; coron"!-, Levi AV. Latham; .superintendent of schools, J. 
"\V. Jones. 

190S-9 — Gubernatorial election. Coimty officers: Auditor. 
1']. E. Strait; clerk of district court, P. 0. Christianson ; treasurer, 
J. N. ^Yilson ; recorder, J. A. iLidenour; sheriff. A. B. Blair; at- 
torney, E. F. Brown; superinteiideut of s'-hools, J. ^Y. Jones; 
eoruner. S. IT. I^utes ; surveyor, IT. Lipe. 

Oi.t'-Tn.'t: CouxTY Officials. ' 

Comuiencing m IST-S. V. S. Smith of Vinton .served as sheriff 
of Benton county for several terms. He is one of the old-timers, 
couiiufr from ]\lontQ:"oni(-ry county. New York, in ]S5o. to Linn coun- 
ty. Io\va. lie first engaged in foi-ming and stnclc-dealing, and 
gradually approached the s]n'ievalt\ of the county through the 
olHces of asse.ssor of the town of K<:irti (eleven years), town clerk 
(nine years), and justice of tlie peace (eleven year-s). Alto- 
gether, he v,as an ofn<e iii>lde!' in Benten cnnnty about foi'ty years. 

Captain Henry 3il. Y\'ilson. who scr\-ed three tcrjus as sheriff of 
Benton county after the war. re(•ei^■ed his military title as com- 
mander of Company D. Twenty-eii^iit]i Iowa ^'olunteeT• Infantry. 
The main business of his life was that of agriculture and the rais- 
ing of stock. In Aj-jril. 1855. he came to Vintcm with his parents 
from Scott county Indiana, beiuii' tfioii fouiieen years of age. lie 
was thej-efoi-e not f[ui1e of aire wlien lie enlei-ed the raiiks of the 
Tvv-enty-eielith, but liefori^ it started for the fi-ont he was elected 
orderly sergeant. Thi-oughout the war he ])articipated in twenty- 
three engagements, v/hich included tlie l)attles of ?Jagnolia Hill 
a7id Chamjnou Hill, the siege of Vicksburg and the actions at 
Pleasant Hill, AYincliester and Cedar Creek. He was succes.sively 
promoted to be lieutenant nud caj^tain and upon his return to his 
home in section W. Taylor townshi]\ near Vinton, took up his 
interrupted fai'miuir operations. In ISr.i) he romnieuced his first 
term as slierilf of Benton c(uu'ty and was reelected in 1870 and 
1872. He married Miss C. L. Clim-. a member of one of the best- 
known picmeer families in the eounty. 

Edward ^1. lOvans. n Ijrave soldier of the Tw.-nt v-eiL'hth Rciii- 




uient was. after the wai-. retained in offii/e for many yeai's, as 
auditor of the county, as city trrasurer and in other (•a})a(.-ities. lit; 
was a native c^f Linn rounty. Iowa, born July L'S, ]84o; was brouuld 
to I>enton eouiity in his infancy and in his boyhood learned the 
trade of a hainess maker. As a member of Com])any D, Twenty- 
eJLihth inv.a VoIiUiti (■!• lnfantr>-. lu' partiei])at('d in tlie .sieiie of 
VieksburiT. was in the Red River Campaign with General Banks, 
and served with Sheridan in tlio Slienandoah Valley, being later 
severe'y wounded in the battle of Cedar Creek, after having been 
in the service three yc-u's. lie served contiiniously as county 
auditor from 1869 to 1879. 

;,VV , 1 . , I 

. t I t'U. :!.•.••>: '. II 

I '<■ v.'-'i \i' 1 i: 

.; ..• J 


County Organizations i.v Detail. 

County Boundaries Fixelv— Act for thf, Organjzatiox of 
Benton County — First County Election — Nortiipokt, the 
County Seat— Attempted Occupation of Court House — North- 

— Troi'bee With Second Court House — Civil Courts Est.vb- 
LisiiED — Heavy Burdens of County Judge — Fire Wipes out 
Court IIouse and School — Corner Stone cf Xe\v Court House 
T;Ain — House Warming ix Ijktail — Ciiaxofs ix Couxty Govern- 
-ment — A Court PIouse of Which to bk Proitd— Corxer-Stone op 
ISofi Court House — The Court House of the Present — Strong- 
hold F(,)R I. AW ]^ia:AKKRS — l^KOVIStON FOi; THE PoOR. 

Tlir civil D7-p:;!nizatinji of a coiinly mux well be called its 
skeleton; the fraTnework of the whole Ijody. When the county 
trovernnient takes forni ; ^\■hen its civil divisions eonujience to take 
shape and the trusted and substantial ivpresentatives of its pop- 
ulace are placed in ofiL-e to conserve tlie interests of the public, 
their associates at large — tlien the con\iction takes root that the 
licst form of nioilern development, or American civilization, is 
well Duder v.ay. 

County Boundaries Fixed. 

rvs is customary in the formation of counties in the United 
States, Benton's linuits were deJinecl before provision was made 
for the oi-uanizatii-in of its civil eovernment in tliat special terri- 
tory. Its present boundaries were estafilished by legislative act 
of February 17. 1S43. and were described as follows: "P>egiu- 
ning at the northwest corner (d" Limi county, thence west to range 
^'■^ west, thence south on said line to the corner of townships 81 
and S2. ranges 1:^ and H west, tlienee east to the S(mthwest corner 



of Linn county, tlionee nurth to the place of Ijeginning. " Tliose 
defined boundcirirs reducei! the length of Benton county from two 
hundred -find ihii'ly-tonr to Iwrnty-four niiles. and from sovct. 
thou.snnd square miles to seven Inuidred and twenty, as it had 
heretofore comprised all the country west of Linn county to the 
^Missouri i-ivcr. Tan^a eonuly wa.s established at tlie same time, 
aiid both, witli the ten-itory west, were continued attached to 
Liiui county for judicial, political and revenue purposes. I>ut 
there was no need of civil governmont for the territorial ]->enton 
county, as described above; for tlie Sacs and Foxes were still 
the title holders of every jicre of its land. But when it became 
generally known that, by the tre;!ty of 1S38, they had vacated a 
strip virtually corresponding to the five easternmost to-wnships. 
the pioneer eye was turned toward this section, and in the follow- 
ing year permanejit settlements commenced and continued to ])e 
confined to the count r\ near the Cedar river for some time. In 
1848 the Indian title was i-oinph'tely extinguished in Benton 
county, and it! January, 1S4-6, a few months after the bulk of the 
Sacs and Foxes were removed to Kansas, a civil organization was 
created under the following legislative act : 

Act for the Orgaxizatiox of Bentox County. 

SECTION I. Be it enaded by the Council and House of 
Representatives of the Territory of Iowa that the county of Ben- 
ton be and the same is hereby organized from and after the 1st 
day of 3Iarch next, and tlie inliabitanls of said county shall be 
entitled to all the rights and privileges to which, by law, the in- 
habit ants of other 03-ganized counties of this Tei-ritory are en- 
tilled; and said (ounty shall conslitnte a yrdvi ef the Th.ird .huli- 
eial Di.strict of this Territory. 

SEC. TI. That there shall be a special election held on the 
first ^londay in the montii of April next, at which time tlie county 
officers for said county shall be elected, and also .such number of 
Justices of the Peace and Constal)]es for said county as nuiy be 
ordererl by Ihe Clerk of the District Court fro- said county. 

SEC. III. That it shall be the duty of the clerk of the Dis- 
trict Court in and for .■-aid county to give at least ten days' 
previous notice of thi^ time and place of holding such spa-ial 
election in said rounty, grant certificates of election, and in all 
respects discharire tlie duties re(|uired by law to be perfornied by 
Clerks of tlie Bo;ir<ls of County Commissioners, in relation to 
elections, until a Clerk of the Board of County Comi.ssioners may 
be ejected and riualilied. 


SEC. IV. That it shall be the duty of the Clerk of the Dis- 
trict Court ID .said eoimty to discharge all the duties, required 
by law to be performed by Sheritfs, in rolatiou to eleetions, until 
a Sheriff for .said county may be elected and qualiiied. 

SF.C. V. That the county otiicers, Justice of the Peace and 
Constables elected untlci- the j)rovisions of this act. shall hold 
their offices until the first Alonday in xVugast, 1846, and until 
their sueee&sors are elected and qualified. 

SEC. YI. That the Clerk of the District Court in and for 
said county of Benton may be appoi))ted and qualified at any time 
after the passage of this act. 

SEC. VII. That all actions at law or equity in the District 
Court for the county of Liun, commenced prior to the organization 
of said county of Benton, when the parties or either of them reside 
in said county of Benton, shall be prosecuted to final judgment, 
order or decree, as fully and effectually as if this act had not 
been passed. 

SEC. VIIJ. That it shall be the duty of all Justiccr> of the 
Peace residing ^\•ithin said county of Benton to return all books 
and papers in their liands, pertaining t(.> said oi'fice, to the next 
nearest Justice of the Peace who may be elected and qualified 
in and for said county under the provisions of this act; and all 
suits at law or other official business which may be in the hands 
of such Justice of the Peace, and unfinished, shall be prosecuted 
aiul completed by the Justice of the Peace to whom such business 
or paoi-rs may liave been returned, as aforesaid. 

SEC. IX. That the judicial authorities of Linn County shall 
have cognizance of all crimes or violations of the criminal la\ss 
of this Territory comnutted v.ithin the limits of said county of 
Benton prior to the 1st day of March next; Provided, prosecutions 
be commenced under the judicial authorities of said Linn County 
prior to the said 1st day of ]\rarch next. 

SEC. X. That th.e said county of Benton shall have cogni- 
zance and jurisdiction of all erinies or viohitions of the crimijial 
laws of this Territory committed prior to tlie 1st day of ilarch 
next, in cases wlierc prosecutions shall not have been commenced 
under 1hi> judii-ial authorities of Linn County. 

SEC. XI. That the county of Tama and the counties lying 
west of said vounty of Tama, by ami the same, are hereby attached 
to the county of Benton, for election, rc\-ein)e and judicial pur- 

SEC. XII. That the Clerk of the District Court in and 
for the county of Benton may keep his Oifice at any place within 
said county, until the county scat thereof may be located. 

SEC. XIII. That Joseph A. Secrest, of Jones County, Ly- 
man Dillon, of Dubmiue County, and Joseph A. Downing, of 
Cedar County, l^e and they are herel)y ap[)ointed Commissioners 
lO locate and estal)lish the countv seat of the county of Benton. 


SEC. XIV. That said Coinini.s.sioiiers. or a raajority of them, 
shall meet at the office ol' tho Ch:!rk of the J)istriet Court of 
tlie eoiuity of B'-iitMii, on i\v: iutst iMoiulay of May next, or at 
such other time, not exceeding thirty days thereafter, as a major- 
ity of them may agree. 

SEC. XV. Said Com'.nissiom'i-s sliall fir.-st take and sul)^':ribe 
to the following oath, to ^vit : "We do solemnly swear (or af- 
firm) that wc have no pei'sonal interest, eithei- directly or indi- 
rectly, in the location of the seat of justice of the county of Ben- 
ton, and that we will faithfully and impartially locate the same, 
acc<.rding to the best interest,s of said county, taking into consid- 
eration the future as well as the present population of said 
county;'" v.-hich oath slinll be administered by the Clerk of the 
District Court, or any otlier oflicei- authorized by law to administer 
oaths witliin the county of Benton ; and the officer administering 
said oatli shall certify and file the same in the office of the C'lerk 
of tho District Court of said county, whose duty it shall be to 
record the same. 

SEC. XVI. Said Counuissio}iers, when met and qualified 
under the provisions of this act, shall proceed h) locate the seat 
of Jus-tii.e of said county of Benton ; and as soon as they shallhave 
come t>. a deter)ninalion, the same shall be committed to v/riting. 
signed by the said Commissioners and filed with the Clerk of tlie 
Dtririct Court of sale; i-ouuty. whose duty it shall be to record the 
same and forever keep it on filo in his office; and the place thus des- 
ignated shall ])e the serd. of justice of said county. 

SEC. XYil. Said Connnissioncrs shall each l)e entitled to 
receive the sum of $2 per day wliile necessarily employed in the 
said location, ajid the sum oi'^2 for every twenty miles' travel to 
and from the couidy seat, wliich shall be paid by said Benton 
County out of tlie first funds arising from the sale of lots in sucli 
seat of justice. 

SEC. XVITI. The county of bi]ack Ilavvk is hereby attachr-d 
to srod county of ]\u!to]i for cle-lion, judicial and revenm^ pur- 

SEC. XIX. This act to take effect and be in force from and 
after its passage. 

ArPuovf:rj — Jaiuiary 17, 1846. 

;i < 

First County Election. 

> The first election in Benton county, under the above act, was 
held at Parker's Grove, in the .southern part of Cantim townsliij). 
ill April 184G, and resulted in the casting of the following ballots 
for the candidates named: Coannissioner.s— Edwin B. Spencer. 
85. S.Miniel M. T>o<-kharl. 22. Stedman Penrose, 3;"), and Samuel K. 
l^irker. Mo: sheritT— rl-.lin Poyal, oik and Lewis W. Bry.son. 22; 


i-ojiniiissioniTs' cltrk — David S. Pratt, 42. Irwin D. Simisoji. 24, 
JaIn<^s Downs. 11. Jonathan R. Pratt. 5. and D. S. Pratt, 3; cor- 
oner— Fieldinir P»ryson, 41 ; surxcyor — Irwin 1). Siniison, 20, 
David 8. Pratt, TO. Francis J. Piiiand. IH, Jonathan R. Pratt, 2, 
Beal Dorscy. 35. and Jonathan Pratl, 1 ; coJlt-ctor and treasurer — 
Beal'y, 3."). and Lewis AY. Hryson. 6; a.ssessor — Isaac Ons- 
tott. 27, and l^ricc Kendri<'k. 2S ; inspector of wei^^'hts and meas- 
ures — David S. Pratt, 39; jnduc of probate — Jonathan R. Pratt, 
37. anil Jai)ies ]\I. Denison, 14: justices of tlie peace — Ficldini? 
Jiryson. 39, Irwin D. Siniison, 21. Steplien floh-omb, 21, Charles 
Cantonwine. 30, Jonathan R. Pratt, 5, Oilman Clark, 14, Stedman 
I'cninsc. 7. Gf'orLre Miller, ]. Stephen Ilolcoinb, 1. and George 
Canlonwine. 1 ; constables — Price Kendrick, 49, Samuel Stephens, 
28, Saimu 1 L. 3b)rse. 2S. Beal Dor.sey, 3S, George Cantonwiue, 2, 
L. D. Bordweli, 2, and V. M. Gray. 1. 

The county officers thus eh-cted could only serve until the 
iH-'j^da}' elect io]i on the tirst Mcmday of Auirust, which resulted 
in tlie choice of th<- follov/inp: : County conunissioners— Sauiuel 
?^]. Lockliart, Loyal Fuller X(n-tli and Charles Cantonwinc; clerk 
of connnissioners' court, David S. Pratt; sheriff. James Downs; 
coroner, Tliomas Way; recorder, Lester W. Hayes; treasurer, S. 
L. MoTse : a.sstssoT', Price Kendrick. and .judge of probate, James 
De ill soli. 


Tlu^ orp:anic act provided for and named three special com- 
missioners to establish tlie county seat and (also under its pro- 
visions'; they met on the first Alonday of May. 1840. and located 
it on the nortlieast ([uarter of section 21, township 85 north, range 
P' west, calling' Ih.e place XfU'tliport and ordering the county sur- 
A'cyor to 'Jiii't' the necessai-y c!;nin cai'riers and stake drivers" for 
tlic piii-po.M' of cariwimr into effect the plat \\hich he had submit- 

The town was laid out early in the summer of that year and 
la lei in the year a hcv/n lo'j coui't house, two stories in height and 
twent\' by t\vi'nt.v-foui' feet in dimensions, the upper floor being 
divided into three rooms, was erected — in tlio way of the times 
and. (JMuiillc^s, in acccrd with the dimensions of tb.e c(nnity poclo-t- 


Attempted Occupation' op Colk'I' House. 

The first t<ini of tlie district t-ourt was lifld at the house of 
Tddinas ^Vay. alxuit two miles northeast of the ])r'jseijt court liuusf. 
in ^VuuMist. lS4t;. t)i«' loi,'' cabin oP that citizen heinu considerctl th'- 
h^-st ill Ihi' couMty. The second tcnn in 1847 was also held in iiis 
house, and on September JS, 18-1-S, an attempt was made to occupy 
the loLT court house at Vinton. The attempt seems to have been 
ii dismal failure. At the time th.ere were no mof, and no floor — 
nothinir but the loir \valls — lejt an attempt was made with true 
western bravery. A seat was provided for the .iud^e in one coi-nei- 
of the "lower story" by pdacing a piece of board across the 
corner in the crevices between tlie loo-s, and upon the onset of a 
shower, other pieces wei-e tlirust into the chinks over his head to 
protect it from the rain. Cou7't was opened, liut soon adjourned 
to the cabin of William. Davis on section 15. the ^-rand jury oc- 
cupying a blacksnnth shop in the vicinity. 

NoRTOPOirr Rkchhistexed Vixtox. 

At the time this first and last court was ''held" in Benton 
couuty's first "temple of justice.' the tov,-n of NortliixTt had been 
I'cehr-istened Yi?iton. in honor of I'lynii "Sainton, ;■ membe)- of 
con*ires.s from CHiio. The record of tlie oriuinal to-.^n plat wa.< not 
made a part of the <ounty archives until February ]2. 1848. when 
tlie county eomn!i.ssiin'!ers of ilu;t year — Samuel M. Lockwood. 
hoyal h\ North and Thomas ^Vay — filed the plat under the name 
of \'inton. Xor1li]>oi't. whicli tln'refoi'e never had a leoal e.\is- 
lencr'. as far as the county reco]-d:s show, is iticl-.uled in the limitr^ 
of flie present cit\' (.>f A'intou. 


Diirine: the snnnner and fall of 1848 Chauncey Leverich, 
John Alexander and others intei'ested in i">roperty lying nearer tlie 
river, wiiere the ])resent busines.s j)ortion of Yinton now stands, 
determined t<i maf-c an attempt to uiove the coun1\- seat. An elec- 
ticn was thercfoi-e ordered for Api-il 2. 184P. and each of the fol- 
lov.'iu!.' locations received fiftx-seveii votes: Southeast quarter 
of northeast (luarter of section -k township 85 north, range 10 
west, and lots 5. C^_ 7 and 8. of wi'.^t one-half of section IR. town- 
ship 85 ?i(:>r1h, range 10 west. The location on section :'. as d.- 


scribed, was on the property of Tliomas AVay, a local political 
power, wliose iiousc across the river, tlirce miles northeast of the 
present city, had so w<'ll .servei.l the district court of the county— 
standint,' for several years as its virtual court house. 

Anolh<M- election for the l<H-;ition of the seat of justice was 
held in Au.u'ust. at v.duch the pi'esent site was selected, then lyin^jr 
without the town limits. In Xovemher following-, James Leverich, 
who had purchased the claim of Chauncey (the county commission- 
er), laid out a town on section Ki. as described, and called it Fre- 
ruont, in honor of General John C. Fremont, and this became the 
capital of Benton eor.nt>'. But owing to the fact that tliei'e wa.s 
another town of the same name in the state the name was changed 
to Vinton by a leaislative act apjtroved January 21. 1u'53. 

Thoi'Ble AYith Skcoxo Conrr Hotse. 

Again came trouble with the second court house, which was a 
small two slory frame building that stood on the southeast corner of 
the present ]niblic sijuai'e. It is said that the frame was raised 
and roofed, and the walls sided up. before the towrx of Fremont 
was i)latled: some of Ihe old settlers go farther, and insist that 
the skeh'ton of the court house was put together before the result 
of tlie county seat fight was known, as an inducement by the Lev- 
erich faction to bring the location to their choice. But when the 
county ^.'•at was once lixej, the court house stood for several yeai-s 
as a real slceleton of a 1)ui!dinir. without lloors. doors or windows. 
In 1S51-2 a floor was laid in the lower story, and doors and win- 
dows placed, so that it cnuKl be used a'^ a district court room; the 
ui>per stoi-\' was divided into ivro rooms, in one of which the county 
oftieej's v.-ere installed; and a flight of rough stairs on the outside 
of the building connected the two stories. 

'''"■ ■' Civil Courts Established. 

Altogether, the year ISol a['pe;n-s to inark an epocli in the 
civil government of T^-nto)i county. From 1848 to 1851 the eruls 
of .iuNti<e had been almost entirely coidrolled by Vigilantes, Reg- 
ulators :uid (^ther e\-judiei;iry organizations often presided over 
by Judfi- Lyn''h. Ti;ere is no recoj-d of an\' attera])t to hold coui't 
in l>enton county fi-tMu t)ie fall of 1848 until Afiril 18r>l, and. on 
:iccf»\uit of the abseiu-e of the district jiubje, it was not opened nn- 


til June 4tli. Tlit^ lower tloor of the FroDioiit eoiirt house had been 
put iu ordiM- for this s[ieeial oeeruSif'U. 

'J'he re-ostablishnicnt of tlie court in June and the election 
in the foHowing August, mark the coinm'--neenicnt of a new era in 
the county. By legishitive act approved Feliruary T), 1S51. the 
board of county coniinissioners was abolished and the ofiice of 
county judire created, the first incumbent of that bench to be 
elected in the succeediiiir August. Tlie new functionai'y was in- 
vested with the functions of tlie abolislicd conunissiijuersliip and 
these customarily attat-hc'l to th.' probate judgeship. 

As Benton comity had now been organized five year.^. it will 
be interesting to compnre the votes east at the first- election which 
marked the abolishment of the board of comity conmiis;.sioners aiid 
the ej'catiun of the powerful county judgeship: For county judge 
— John 8. Fors>'th, 75, and D. S. Baker, 46; treasurer and re- 
corder — J. P. Cline, 36, James Johnson, 76, and A\'illiam Cline, 
8; sheriff— AYilliam RiMnington. 39, and C C Charles. 76: super- 
visor of roads — L. F. North, 2'2. James Kice. 62. Sa.mvicl Osborn.. 
28. and James Downs, 1 ; coroner- — 11. 3Ialian, 57, and I^. D. f^ord- 
well, 22; disti-ict clerk — G. AY. VandiMiian, 78, and J. F. Beckett. 
19; pi'osecuting attorney- AYilHam Cline. 3. John Alexander. 2. 
J. E. A'andaman. 5, and J. J. ISandei-s. 5; county sur\t'yor — 1. D. 
Simison, 56, and John JSiiavryer, 36. 

TTeavv Bl'koexs of CorxTV JroGE. 

. The authority of tlic courts of P>enton count\' lias n^i-A'cr been 
(|nestioncd since 1851. ])iif the n(n\ c<nn!ty juilge wtio assumed of- 
fice undfM- 1h'' election of Aiiiiust was certainly saddh.d \".itli un- 
usual and heavy responsibilities. Th.- foji.jving wcU (b'Scrlbi's his 
]-)i-e(ncainent and the jiblc way in whifli lie carried through his 
task: "Fi-on assumini;- the duties of county judge, 'yjv. Forsyth 
discovered tliat the linanees oP tlir> county were in a deplorable 
condition. It was floodtvl with v.-arrants. which had l)ecn i.s.sued 
witliout much regard to expense. 

"bbit no sooner liad the afl'aij-s of the count\' l)ce:an to assujue 
<leiinile sha])e under his s]v'ilfu! and enertretie manageineiit than 
tiie county oi'ticials were startled by the hirge numbei- of v\-arrants 
that were ])resented for ytaAnnent. As tb.ere was no pr()of that a 
simrle warrant had bien iih'irally issued, they wei'c ])a,id and c-an- 
celed as ra'pidly as the ri'soun'cs of tlte county woubl j>ermit. Tlie 
reveniu>. Iiowever. was very small, and tiie constant drain kept the 


I'dunty. as a civil oriranizatidii, in very straiulitt'iicd cii-ciuiistaiK-cs 
for sevoi-al vi-ars; and it was not nntil about 1S.")4 that its fiiian- 
fial affairs comnienecd to taiifribly improve. It is to he remarked. 
to the credit of Jud.tre Forsyth and his sueccssoi'. Judu'c Douyh^s, 
that lienton connt\' o\\es nnirh of its sid>se(iueat ]:»i'OS[)erity to 
their (nieriretie and al)Ie efforts to brin^' hrjaneial order out of 
ehaos and to permanently establish tlie reign of law and order.'' 

Fun: AVjpes out Coi'kt TIol'se and Sckooi^. 

Bui l!i<^ troulile with th<' old Fi-emo]it court liouse was ])y 
no means at an end. and perha{)s it was well, after all. tliat a tire 
should h:\vv Avijied it out conipk'tely befnre it was ri'aliy occupied 
as a coni}>leted stni<-ture. Durin>:; the sunnner of LS52 it is said 
that the first st(n-y \vas occn{)ied for a time as a store, the goods 
beinj^- put in by a 'Mr. ({j-een of Cedar Kajjids and disposed of by 
IvusscU .[ones, the hical salesnuiu. In tlie fall and winter follow- 
ing;- (.!e(irire I'arish tauiiht school therein— th;,^ lirst in I'h'emont — 
hilt in February. 185:^). before the term was closed, the coui't 
house v.-as Inirne*!. One day. after school, snrae one took the ashes 
and coals from the stove and threw thc.m in the yai'd. Unfortu- 
nately there were some shavings left under the building by the 
workmen, and during the night a heaA.v wind arose and produced 
the neressary comViination for the conllagration. That night tlie 
county treasurer, dames Johnson, and Dr. J. C. Traer. di>triet 
elei'k, were slecpinrr in the oftice in the second story. 

The story of how they s<ived the eounty records, with the as- 
si.stance of T. S. Palmer, the merchant across the street, was de- 
scribed by the latter, mtu'e thati fifty years afterward, in the fol- 
lowing wcu'ds : ''I was in juy store on. Jt'lferson sireet. opposite, 
when a'Odut mid.uight I was awakened by Johjison banging ai the 
door. s;;yiug the crmrt house was on tire. I dressed as j-apidly as 
ftossible and fouiul the Ijuildiiii: all on fire on the first tlocir. The 
court i-oom was above as well as all tlie books and records of the 
county. The only entrance to the coui't room was an outside stairs 
on the entl of the huildinir. The wind coming from the west, 
drove the smoke over the stairs. To get upstairs we had to pass 
thi'(Uigh a dense body of hot smoke. It was impossible to carr.\- 
the hooks and ])apers down these stairs. AVe f(mnd a long s'-ant- 
ling ;nid raising one end to an ui'|ier wiutlow. we slid the bcjolcs 
and ]iapei's down this .ioist to tic eround. lu way all tlie 
records were .saved. Ik-fore this was done, llie ilames had burst 


out from bt'low, enveloping: tlx' whole .side of the huildiu.i,'. Tlien 
the point was how the men v.ere to «^et out safely. The stairs were 
ehoked with hot smoke and flames had eaptured the side. Jolinson 
chose the stairs, and fell to the ground before getting down. The 
peo[)le below rushed in and dragged him out and saved him. Dr. 
Traer got on to the seantling to slide down, but in doing so threw 
the scantling off the upper ^vindow. Init fortunately for nv\ it 
caught on the lower window, so I shoved my feet out first, droj^ping 
through the flame. I lit on the plank and dropped to the ground. 
We were all injured. Imt Johnson fared the worst. He never re- 
covered, but died aliout three montlis after — a true friend and a 
grand, good man. Ti-aer and myself took violent colds, which 
lasted several months, but we saved the records of Kenton Count.w 
If Traer and Jolnison had not been sleeping in the court room 
that night, all would have been lost. These are the bare facts in 
the above case, and. although true,- we never got credit for the risk 
we ran." 

Corner Stoxe of Xe\\- Court House Laid. 

In the fall foliowjng the tire, the county isMied bonds to 
build a $7,000 court house on the site of the old, and in Xovember. 
185;>, E. K. Downing entered into a contract to erect it. but the 
latter made so little i-)iogress that liis contract was annulled. John 
Tyler \\-as a more dependal)le contractor, and he actually com- 
menced v.-ork on the foundation in the spring of 1856. The corner 
stone was laid July lotli, under tlie auspices of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, and to the tune of the Marion brass band and addre.s,scs 
by ^[essrs. Eva)is and TJoot. A more detailed acc()uiu of the 
])roreedi)igs (and perliaps ])i-esented with more apjiropi'iate dig- 
nity) appeared in the Entjlr. as follows: 

"The corner stone of our court house was laid on Saturday by 
our ?tIasoni<- fraternity with the usual ceremonie.s on sucli oc- 
casions. The procession formed at the Odd Fellows' hall at 2 
o'clock p. m., and ma relied to Crow's hall, where it was joined by 
the citizens Lrenerally. a large number of wliom were in attendance 
from the siirroTinding country. From there they proceeded to 
tlie noi-theast corner of the court house site, where the corner stone 
was in re.idiness to receive such deposits as the 'fraternity or any 
of the eiti/ens chose to make, which were placed in the proper 
[)bun' and the corner stone was thcni [>laced upon the corner, under 
the direction of the master of the lodge, with the ceremonies ap- 


])r()priat(' td the occasion. The Msscinblaj^'e was then addressed 
])}■ 'Shssvs. E\'an.s and Jiuot. exijlnnaioi y of the ends and aims of 
Masoni-y. when the proet-ssion. after tlie appropriate exercises, was 
dismissed hy the ebunt> jiul.ue. 'J'ho oeea-sion was of great in- 
terest to the citizens of Vinton and of Benton county generally. 
Tt is an indication of tiie i^rowing" importance of tlu.' county; and. 
as a manifestation of the interest felt in the impi'ovement of our 
youne iind frrowin^r city, was espe( ially to who have been 
identified with tlie welfare of tlic t(;\vn of ^'inton from its early 
infancy, and who have ■watclied with aii anxious eye its ir rowing 
impoi'taiice. Among tlie croud we noticed a lai'ge number of 
strangers, who. no doubt, went a\\ay with enlarged views of the 
future ))rogress cf oui' villaL''e arul county. We also noticed among 
the crowd a number of the X'ei'y ohh-sl inliabitants of the eount.v. 
among wliom was our venejalile neighbor, ]Mr. S^arjders. whose gray 
hairs bes[)enk foi' him a place among the first oi- pioneers of tiiis 
region, and v/iio no douhl has passed over the spot where Vinton 
now stand.s. .\'ears ago. little exjierting to see a city spiing up iij 
so short a space of time, that could turn out its hundreds to sec 
and a.ssist in laying a corner stone of the first pei'manent co-art 
house ever erei-ted in Benton county. I'rominerit amojiir others we 
might mention were the names of Tili'ord. Jones. AYelil». Foisyth 
and Evans, and if last certainly not least, our old friend Bill 
Stanbei'ry. who. Avith his l)road. fal fai e. was thf vt^ry ]:»ersonifi- 
i-atiou of the good himior which we b.-lieve invarinbl}' prevailed 
during the occasion. Th<' afi'air was alsii graced hy a. hirge ninnlier 
of the ladies of t!ic town aiul the x'icinity. ^vh.o. b;. their smiles 
ami presence, are ah\a.\'s ready to lend their aid to every good 
and 7r"ble \\orlc. The oce;!siori was ab-^o <'nlivened by t!i'' fine bras* 
baui'i. wbii'h dispensed strains of tlieir soulsti.i'rinu' mu^ie at inter- 
vals d.uriiea the jc'iform.Uiet.-. In slior!, the whole affair ])assed 
oif M-ry finely, and no doubi will be an oceasioji long rcinembered 
by those who participated." 

1- inn] f:.. 

New Court Tlocsr, "W.vrmkd. " 

The first fiooi- was fiin'shed before the end of Ihi' year. ;uid 
the iippcr story was so far advanced thai on Christmas "eve, or 
to Ite more precise. Decem.hei' 2ord. tlie court liouse was dedicated 
by a graml Indi and supjiet. <riven by citizens of \"inton to everv- 
o:ie in the c<,uiilv. The bill of fare is iriven as oyster soup, orna- 
m.enteil (old dishes, boiled dishes and hot reliefs. c<.>ld and hot 


sidi- tlishi-s. cold relislu's. buiValo and elk meat, wild turkey and 
prairie ehieken. ([uail and pastry, nuts, confeetiouery and de.sort 
jreneraiiy. 'I'iie court room was used as the daneirm hall and 
Cedar Rapids. Waierloo. Pickaway and Benton City all sent del- 
ei,Mtions of way dancers. The <^'edar IJapids eontiuirent was e.s- 
pecially in evidence, and did mudi to upliold the name of the af- 
fair a.s a ''house waiiuiug. "' 

PIoL'SK Wakmjng in ])f;tail. 

A de.scription of this famous alfair in the early )iist<.ry of Hen- 
ton county is preserved in tlje tiles of th<' Tint on EaqJf. from the 
lively pen of I. Van [Metre: 

''On the 23rd, of December. 1836, two sleis^h loads of people 
fipjieared at l^ickaway from Cedar Rapids. There were Mr. and 
^[rs. ^lelntosh, John and Mrs. Grave.s. .Mr. Kellogir, a merchant, 
and .some one else whose name I do not recall. They vrere on their 
way to Vinton to attend the dedicatory ball in the new couj-I hoiise. 
They had ciune that round about way for a short visit and to ^et 
some of my older bi'others to uo with tliem. Brother Henry tells 
the story, 

"When the Cedar J^apids party arrived, the hallway was 
packed full of dressed ho-s. We liad been butcheri}i<,' and there 
were twelve or fifteen i>f llie ])orkei>;. bi^r ones. AVe vnu-ked all 
nie:ht euttinu' up and salting d(»\vii this pile of pork. v<\\<\ the next 
day joined the j)arty for \'int(in. The road was but poorly opened 
tlie travel in that direetioii beinu- lie;ht. and the snow that winter 
always plentiful and ready to drift on the smallest provocation, 
which, to tell the truth, it larely lacked. We trot tln'ouirh it 
v.-ilhmit Jmti'e serious accident tluin tlie loss of one horse, which 
liti'i a leir bidlcen v.iiile iiomiderinu' in a -snow bank. 

"The court house was not linisjied ; tliei-e v.-as no fire in it 
a.nd the weathei- was seNerely cold. Tliere was no tire arid there 
was a string of people constantly goin^- to and from the court 
house to the Fremont House aei'oss the street, kept b_\- a denial old 
soul, prince of bonifaces. Ru.ssell Jones, with a heart as bit: as 
the court house itself. It was cold, but younc; blood is hot and 
tlie Lrreat crowd .irathered thert^ from Benton and adj(>ininti eoun- 
ties were there to have a Lfood time. They did not propose to be 
frightened out of that while there- were \\ai'm tii-es and a hearty 
welcome at the Fremont. Fncle liu.ssell Jones was happy. "It 


is L'okl, boys. Wrap up well. Take something to keep you warm 
while eros-siiiir the street. Duirt be al'i-aid of it; it is a good 
aj'ti(.-le. ' Over and over this kindly in.junrtion was r^peat-.^d and 
always accepted as the right thing to do, coming from so sage an 
authority. r^Ieauwhile the dancing went on. There were always 
enough to till the floor. While some danced, others visited the 
Fremont House and heard rn<.ie Kussell say, 'Wrap up boys' be- 
fore they went out. 'It is cold. Take something warm for the 
stonuich's sake; it will keep you Avaiiu vrhile you dance.' Uncle 
Kussell need not have troubled himself to insist on the boys, men 
too, on taking something to keep tliem Warm. They were very 
regular about it at the close of each set aud grew livelier until 
night gave way to morning and tiaylight and sunlight, iu fact, 
did appear. 

"A delegation from farther do^^"ll the creek, James Bryan. S. 
A. Lee. J. S. Sterling and others, with iheir -wives, arrived at 
Vinton late in tlie night. IMr. Graham, who kept a hotel and the 
]»()stotlicc at Jvcdmond, just over the lint- in Tama county, and 
Benjamin Twogood, a few miles north, of Iiechnond in the same 
county, with their wives and others, were there. 'Mt. Tv,-ogood 
rarely mi.ssed anything going in the vray of amusement between 
Toledo and I\rr.rion. They had no c-liildren, v/ere well fixed for 
the time, liked company and liked to go. They were on hand 
e^rly. The young ])eople and ULOst of the older ones of Vinton 
^\•ere there, and Judge Douglass t!ie hap[nest of them all. 

As finally completed the court house cost about $13.(Hi(-, and 
was a substantial two-story lu'iek slructure. sorne forty by sixty 
feet. The surrounding grounds of the I'ulilic square were eventu- 
ally oriuimenled v/ith shrubs, evergreens and other trees, and 
became a fa\nrite gatliering plnce for Viutonile.s. Tlic first 
story wfis occu]iied by the different county offices and record 
vaidts, and the second by court and jury rooms. 

Changes j.v Col'xty Government. 

By act of tlie general assembly of Iowa, approved ]March 26. 
ISnO. the count\' jud'je .system, by which the atTairs of the govern- 
ment had been virtually vested in one man elected for a term of 
four yeai's. was al»olished in favor of a rather cumbersone county 
legi.shitnre. or bonrd of suiJcrvisoi-s. consisting of a repres-i-ntative 
from Ciich of the tv/enty civil townsinps. The act went into efrect 
Jul>' 4th and the electinn for membei-.s of tl;e new boar'd ^'.■as in the 
Vol. 1— fi 



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'I II 





ti ^ :;>?;5 


foIIowiTii;- Ortober. resulting as follows: .lames I\[i-QiiiD, Cue 
townshij) : Jajii^s Rice. T-5.'iiton ; J. ]\1. Iniiuui. Eden; G. L. Palmer, 
iJiir (IiiAC; II. Ciuinii. Joua: S. G. Livei'more. Fremont; S. 
]\[iskimin. [Monroe; G. Ti-i-aiior, iJiuu-c; i>. Lamosee; LeRoy ; E. W. 
StofK'er. Kane: A\'. F. Kitl\})atrick. Taylor; ^railin ]\rickey. Union; 
n. II. Dwiv-in-,. Canton: -lolm Siatlerx". T'olk ; J. Austin, Cedar; 
•T. K. Christie, -jarkson: J. S. Forsyth, llarrisuu; D. A. Ko])insou, 
Eldorado; AV. C. Saiitii, Homer; and Jarol) Springer. St. Clair. 
In -lanuar.w isGl. the board eheted Mr. ^IcQiiin as ehaii'man and 
deternn'ned the long-ternj 'two .xt'ars) and the short-term (one 
year) mendxTs. The supervisors' system was thus placed in 
full working (n'der. 

Tlie abo\(' named system, after bwiug placed on tri;d fur ten 
years, was rejdaeed by the county supervisorship in the fall of 
FS70. The October election of tluit year was in pursuance of the 
legislative r"'t of April 14th of that yeac. by ^\•hich three supervisors 
were to be elected, to s-rve ]-es|)ecti\-eh'. one, two and three years; 
after the tivst election one was to be diosen annually for a terra of 
three years. Althouirh tlie law provided that the numbei" of 
snjKU'visors might lie inovased to hve </r seven, by ])opular vote, 
tliree is the ]>revai]ing nuuibei-. wilh tliree trustees from each 

The yea;- before the establishment of the present supervisory 
system for llie county, tiu- oj'lice (S eouni\ .judtre had been abol- 
islied by the establishmeni <d' the cireiut court. The office named 
ceased to exist daiuiarx 1. lS(i!h Itut tlie ituiunbent of the oftlce 
was made ex officio c(iunty anditoi- ('thus newly created). The 
auditor was made clert; of the l)oard of .supervisors, and was 
re<|uired b> perfoi-ju all llie duties in relation to the school furid 
and school lands until that lime performed by the clerk of the 
dis^i-iet court. The clerk of the district court and the county 
recorder were eligible to the ofiice of auditor and the election of 
that officer was fixed in the odd-nujnbefed years. On the first of 
January. 18C9. Georue M. Gilchrist was county .judge and there- 
fore became, ex olfieio. tla^ tirst auditoi- of l>enton county; but he 
resigned in the same month and \\ as succeeded by J. Ij. Geddes. 
At the eh"-tiorj in Octol)er. l.sbO. Edward M. Evans was chosen 
county amlitor. aiid entered ti[)on the duties of his ot^h-e in 
•Januai'v, 1S70. .. ..-, .■, ., ..i: .. , .. > - 


A Court op Which to be Proud. 

The fads in the case fully j\isti!'\ Die ]>vide eviiieed by tlie 
people, especially the tax-payers, of Ijentoii L-onuty in the present 
court house. There is no county iu the west of ecpial population 
and. wealth which can sliov; a niort; substantially or tastefully 
constructed house for the accommodation of its government ; but 
this is not the main cause of citizen pride." Although the court 
house cu.-;t more than $105,000 tiiC ooii.nt\' issued no bonds for 
future generations to liquidate; but the people who assumed tlv;^ 
responsibility of erecting it voted an annual tax of five mills to 
meet the expenses of evection, decorating, furnishing, heating ami 
placing the building in a complete state for occupancy. There 
were not a few Doubting Thomases, v.Jio prophesied all kinds of 
public rebelliuns. but, as a v/hole, the unique proposition in 
county financing was enthusiastically suiq»orted by payers. 
So the fine court house of today stands, unsaddled by debt; whicli 
is the chif^f reason why tlie citizens of l>ent('n county are proud 
of it. And well they max be; and well would it be if more 
western counties would go and do likewise. 

Corner Stoxe of 185() Uouirr House. 

Y^ork upon the foundation of the n^vr rourt horisp vras com- 
menced in the s]U'ing of lOOa, and in -July tlie corner stoiie of thi} 
1856 st.m*'tu)-e v;as unojirlhed. Sui'roundr'd by a curious crowd of 
citizens it was carri^-d into the auditor's oifire and the mortar 
removed from the box containing the artirlcs depo.sited nearly a 
half century })revions. l)i it wei'c found an article printed in 
the Vinioii Eagle of dune 11, lS5(i: a i'opy of the Nfir Yorl- Trihnnr 
of dune 7. 1856; a ^lasoni-- text book; a .silver half dollar of 1846; 
a silver dime of 1853; a Mexican coin of ]830; an ambrotype 
of ^laiio)! Evans; aiid such miscellaneous articles as scissors, 
]Kirt of a key, a nail, bullet and btuie button. A certain article 
which several wags of the county had insisted, for years, would be 
found in the corner stone, failed of materialization; these jokers, 
at the e.Npense of the official sobi'iety of the county, had persisted 
that a bottle of whiskey had been deposited in the corner stone, 
with the other articles placed therein fiity >ears before. 


The CoiTHT House op the Present. 

The corner stone of the new court house was laid October 14, 
1905, oji tlie site of the one unearthed, the ceremonies alteiidinf;^ it 
being under the auspices of the Masonic order. Tlie parade 
through the city was participated in by various fraternal organi- 
zations, the Old Battlers' Society, city and county officers, Clonipany 
(r.. of the Illinois National Guard, and citizens generally. Judge 
(r. AY. Burjdiain Mas president of the tlay, and addi'osses were de- 
livered l)y Hun. Cato Sells and Hon. W. P. AVhippJe. In Junt, 
190(.!, as (lie court house was approaching completion, Paul Gorrell 
maiJe a splendid doiuition to its con)pIeteness and atti-activeness 
in the sliape of a line tower clock, with, four primary dials outside 
and eight secondar\' dials placed in the court room, corridor and 
county otiices. The b<.'il, whidi \veiglied lifteen hundred pounds, 
was pitched it] B tiat, its tone being renjarkably rich and pene- 
trating. At night the tower dials are lisdated by electricity. I'p- 
on the secondary dials are engrased '"This clock jiresented by 
Pan! Correll.'" and tlie same inscription is cast in the bell. 

As it stands today, tlie court b.ouse is a stately and beautiful 
building, two stories and bast>ment. 112 by 77 feet in dimensions 
on the ground. Its main body is of P>uckeye gray sandstone and 
the tower stands ir2 feet above the substantial foundation of ce- 
)i!erd. reinforced by j'ock, and the basement story of Kettle river 
sanJstoni'. lu the basement are large fire ]>roof vrailts for the 
county records and other oflleial valuables; in the second story 
are the county ot^^^iees and in the third, the court and jury rooms. 
The coiui^.y sa])erintendent of schools is also in ili" basi'ment story. 
in v.liich is fu.rther installed a neat and comfortable '"'rest room." 
At the to the main coi-ridor to the court liouse is a lai'ge 
tablet ou which is the following silfexplanatory ijiscrijilion : 
" 1905-6- -Coin\ty Commis.sioner.s: John P. Coburn, chairman; 
Hugh Hnmi)hrey. AViliis AV. l^almer. C. A. Bell, M. S. Detweilc)-, 
archi1(^-ts. J. A. .Murpliy, superintendent. George Rickma]i & 
Sons Co. builders." • , .. 

• • ■ Stkoxgiiolo for L.vw Breskers. 

Since the firm establishment of judii-ird authority in Benton 
coniity. its citizens have had little need of a jail, altliough the oc- 
currence of scattere<l t'i'imcs has brought periodical panic to the 
law-aud-ordor ehuuenl over the absence of a "strtJUghold " for of- 



ffuders tli'.' laws, "i'lio first rcrordL-d ai/tion of tlie euiinty 
autliorities relative to the ere'-tion of a jtiil \\a.s on tJit; 15th of 
Oetoln-.r, ]861. but the recoiniiieudation of James Eice, made iii the 
following Jamiary. to provide a similar struetuve to the one he 
had visited at ludependenee, was laid on the table. 

^^N.. ...-^^ 

- "^^M y.;i^^''i^ 

-■ ■ ?*; -s 'JS-3i***«S06«tS? -91 V -aS* ■ 


Thfreafter. for many years, the snV)jeet was in the state of 
intio< nous dcsnctud*' desi-rihi-d by Clpvehmd in i'<'latiun to cfrtain 
national affairs. Bnt in 1S7S. with the apprehension of Fr.^d Al- 
h-i's. a fariner of Kane townsliip. foi- the murder of his nnde. Carl, 
fou' >'ear ]>revious. and th"' reenrr-nee of various erimes in the 
vi''iiii1>' of old Tiento;! City and Rhellsburi.T. the subject of a 
snbslaiilial connly jail was revived,. The so e;d!rd ''Keypt" of 
Trenton county, tlie limliered rraion near those ])r,iuts wln'r-li had 


hai'hort'd the hov<v tliievt's niid dcsperiKlocs of tliirty years before, 
a,£raiii became active with rrijiiiiuils and i'uniislif^d the propelling 
fo!-t-e \\]:ic!i b'd t(i the (ijial erti'linn of the present eounty jail, 
really a .sul)stantial buildintr. Now that the jail is iu existejiee. it 
is little used, and at the present v»-riti]ig (1910) is witiiout a 

Pkovision fou the Poor. 

To the g'reat eredit of the good people of Benton eounty. the 
fjuestion of providing for the Avorth.\ poor has been quite a dif- 
ferent matter. The supervi.v(!rs considered iMwious pieces of 
property for the }>oor farm, bid finally decided in favor of the 
lands owned ])y Kobert Gilchrist and ^l. P. Adams, two Ijiin- 
ilri'd acres in sfi-tions 27. '2-1 an.d 22, a short distance southeast 
of Vinton. Tlic j)Ufchasc \v;;s con-liidcd for .i'.^i.TOO. in xScptcm- 
b''r. lSn4, anil i)i the following ^car a two stoi-y addition was 
made to the (Jih-hri^t house which airead.v sb)od n])0n the prop- 
erly. Since tliat time the ])uor ,>f iSentcm count.v have licen well 
])rovided for; es])eciall.^• sin:e the cumplction of the County Home 
in 1902. 

The buih.ling. v.diicli was ei'ccted at a cost (-f twenty tVous- 
and dollars, was located dii'ci'tly south of the old site. The gen- 
eial coniractors v.eri' Palmer ]^)rothers of l^e]]e l^laine. Thr 
bnijding i.^ of plain. simpl( but ap]U'<')[)riate colonial .st.vle. two 
siories over a nine-foot basement, and it.^ di;nensions are ninety- 
eiglit liy sixt.\'-six fi^et. The l)ody of the structure is of brick; 
tlie basemen 1. Anamosa and P^edford limestone. On the first 
thnif are tht> a! Iministraiion and living I'oojns of tlie steward and 
his family, a diinng room for men and woire.'n.. and two dorma- 
t^ries. Dnrn.iatories ai'c also i'ound on the second tioor. The heating. 
ve)itilation and ligliting facilities are all modern; and. on a small 
se-ale. the Count.v IPune of Benton county is a worthy mate to its 
eoui't house. 





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hi >i»^ Ir-l".-? li^-:? »;? 

CHAPTER VI. s , . : 


FinsT Benton County "Stayer"— First Native ^YHlTE 
Child— FiKST Funer.vl in the County— Settlers of 1841-1850 
—No Permanent Old Settlers Society— Land Entries 
—Towns xnd Cities of ]?enton County— Postoffices in Ben- 
ton County— Professor T. F. Tobin on Early Times-Judge G. 
SI OiLCiiRisT ON "The Pioneer' —Reminiscences of L \an 
Mltre-"Slope" Politics— Early Settleks of the TovrNSHiPS. 

The natural explanation for tho far-t that the settle:-^ 
of tlip eounix- located in or n.nir the pv.^sent eastern townships is 
that alrcadv criven— that th." Indians had moved out of that 
strip a.-cordin- to treaty with the government. Earl>- in lSo9 
two voun- men located on st-etion 24, townsliip 84. range 9 (Can- 
ten i' buiit thereon probably thp first cabin erected by a white man 
in the countv. and brolc- a little tract of virgin prairie land. Not 
lop..- afterward James can.e and did likewise. But with the 
fomin- of Samuel M. Lockhart and his family, m the spring o. 
.he vear named, Benton county commenced to number men ot 
,,cM-s."vL-ran.'0 and diaracter; or, iti otlicr words, '^^staycrs.' wlio 
came to mak.- homes and found communilies and cities. 

First Benton County -'Stayer." ,f ,. . 

^rr Lockhart was an Adams county (Oliio) man, born May 
17 1S12. and was therefore in the vigor of his earl>- manhood 
wh.-u h.- made his claim, erected his e-aliin and installed his fam- 
ily on what is now .section 24 of ]^^]k tov.niship, jnst northeast 
,.f Crbana He made .such other improvements a.s enabled him 
to raise somo eorn and v.-etables durin- tlP- first season of his 
stay but he had no neighbors for some m.-nths, although he was 
smm" followed into tlie county by Samuel P. Parker, who settled 

89 i, 


on st'ction '21. township S4 (Cnnton), and gave his name to the 
Grovt' so \v»'ll known in that locality. Somewhat latei* in 1>39 
Thomas \V;i\' setth-d near rjorkhail. aJid siill latiT aceessions to 
tht^ ncighborliood were received in the persons of James Downs 
and Thomas and Price Kendriek. In a i"ew years (jnite a hamlt-i 
arose under the name of "Eousiei- Point/' which was platted 
as IMarysville in 1S47 and finally became Urbana. ]\lr. Loekhart 
l)ec'ame one of the prominent men of the county, holdinf^ sn.-h 
oftice.s as connty corumissionor, prosecuting attorney and fore- 
man of the first jury of the district court. '.Mr. Parlrer was a typ- 
ical Indiana frontiei'sjuan, and a fearless trap[)cr and huut'-r. 
Although (luiclc to resent what he considei'ed a wrong, he was a 
kindly soid and both his whit(^ and red fi-iejuls were sorr\' to see 
hiju leave the count\'. beiiiL;- dc(-j,ly pained at the iiMtin'e of his 
death. In 1S47 he sold his claim to Jerry Hull, and mowd to 
Jasper county, where lie erecled a sawmill. In the following 
year, howtn-er. he returned t') I'enton county to collect .'^onie out- 
standing acciumts. and st-irted for his }icw home. The last nielit 
hefo]"e he reached his destJnaiion he stupp'-d at a huicly farm hi'U>". 
where he was nuii-<leiTd and r(Jjbed. 

Thomas AVay. who has been mentioTied as o]ie of Locl\hari's 
neighbors, also liecanie one of the most ]H)pular iwn in the couii- 
t\-. a)id held a juunber of public otlices. Tie was hospitable, al- 
mosi to a fault. Ills ambitions to have the county seat located 
on \hc farm which he b()Ught at a later d;iy near \'intorj lias al- 
ready been desc'j-ibed. "Uncle Tom," as lie was generally call- 
ed, moved to California during the irold excitement of 1S49. 

Stedman PenroM'. another seltlei' of lS:5it. came from lUi'-ks 
counl.w PennsN-Jvania. ajid siltiedin Canton township, about a mile 
east of the present town of Shellsliurg, lie. too, v^•as a 
California '4!>ei", and died in th:; gold diggings of the coast in 

:-■ I ^- First Native White Child. ' " ' "'"" 


Oilman Cbu-lc s<'{tled not far from the Penrose place, and his 
dangliti-r. Snsan Clark, was the first whitv- ( hild l)orn in ihe 

Among the settlers of P'^on. who remained to see the county 
devrlop into the t\\'entieth century type, was tliat sturdy old 
iai'mei- and citi/eu. llutrl! Prody. who settb-d not far froTu rb.e 
Po''!;liiir1 f;irm. and ibd uai ]>ass away until St^ptemlier IS. 1 P0>) 


— his uiiiul boiriL' a treasury of reminiscouoes from wlii<-h llie Old 
Settlers' So'-icty often drew \vitli })leasui-e and profit. 

Jae('b J'nnsali settled in the eoiiiity in 1840. but moved away 
after two or three yeai's. About the same time A. D. Stepliens, 
J. AV. I'Mlkins and -Joseph Remingto)! loeated near Shellsliur.':, 
-Mr. Filkiijs acquiring c-ODsiderablc prominenee in eounty affairs. 

The Fjkst Flnkral ix the County. 

It is also said that in 1840 Keuben Huskirk settled in the 
eastern ])art of the eoiuUy. near the line, nearly due cast from 
Vinton. There is some di.spnte as to AvLether his i-esitlenee was 
in Benton or Linn coiuity. his laud piobalily lying in eaeh. ^Ir. 
Bnskii-k died O'-tober 10. FS42. and as there was no lumber with 
whii-h t<» make a eoffjn a few tender-hearted settlers felled a linn 
tree, cut a log of suit;d)le leu'^th. split it aud hol]o^ved out the 
halves, and in this rud'? sepiilelire incased tlieir friend for bui-ial. 
Five i7ien and tliree v.-omen attended tlie funeral of what is gener- 
ally aecejited as tlie first dcreased resitlcut of Benton eovnity: and 
the \\of)den blocks inscribed with the name and dates of birth 
and decease of Ileuben Buskirk were placed at the head and feet 
of the <le])aried with as naieii neig!ibori\ love and i\-vei'ence as 
tlnMigh thry had bee]) of )-i<-h polished riiarble. 

SETn.E!?.s or 1841-1850. 

Among the leading settlers of 1841 were Lo\al F. Nortli and 
Abner B. Rr-en,-er. Air. North's claim vras in section 2, in the 
nort.hesterji jiai-f of C.-mton township. al»o\'e the present site of 
Sill llsl)urg. :)ni\ at the oi'iranization of the county he was appoint- 
ed a judge of election, fn IS.j] he was appointed postmaster of 
Bo{ato liill poslofficc. which was establislied at his liouse, but as 
Airs. Nort'i desired a more digiiiiied and euphonious name, in 1852 
it was i-haiigeil to ]:iettlah — and s<^ appears in the county maps 
of thai pei-iod. Air. Nortli died Ueeember IS, 1802. After re- 
mainiiiLT in tlu- couiily foi' two years. IMi-. Spencer returned to 
the east for a slay of five and after his relocation in Benton 
count\ f about ihe tiuic of its organization') inade it liis permau- 
enf residciict- until his death Nov(!ii!)rr 14. 1870. 

Otlici- rally s(>ttlers, np to 1850. inay be mentioned as fol- 
lows: F. Br>siin. .loscj,]i Brysnn. AViiiiani Alitchell. Jesse B>rody. 
Ju.siah Ifiliii and .los. pli ( '. Kouse. 181:*.: S. R. Bilci-, Ceorge Mc- 


Coy and Ati'Ii'cw D. Stevt-ns, 1844 — tlie last named locating on 
the Iowa river, u few miles cast of the present city of Belle Plaine; 
J. R. I'rat!, David S. Pr;! it, L. W. Hayes. James Leveridi and 
Stephen Holeonib, 1845 : A. II. Johnson, David Jewell, John Ren- 
frew, and Hyrt-iinns Guinn, 1816; Dani.^l Ilan-is. John S. Epperson. 
Elijah Evans and Chnrhs N. Moljerly. 1847; C. C. Charles, J. 
S. Forsythe. 1848; James Rice and Jiichard X. Van Ciief, 1849; 
Rnssfdl Jones. 1850. Hyicanns Guinn made the fu*st elaini in 
Iowa township, lalt r moved to Canton township, became a wealthy 
fanner and d'fd in 1801. lu 1840 James Rice purchased the 
claim made i*y Brudy in ^I'aylor townshij), and uP-til a com- 
parati\i'ly recent dale livs'd in tlie' log- cabin which he erected 
v.hen lie first came to the e-upity. ]\[r. Yaii Clief entered laud 
in t)ie northwest corner of Big G'l-ove township, in 18411; platted 
tile towii of rieneva in 1855. and later moved to Guthi-ie county, 
lowa. where he died in 1803. 

IVIost of the earl.'\' settlers of Bent'iu cniinty fix ujvon the early 
fifties as marhin^j: th'' virtual division betMxn-n the old. or pi-imi- 
livf-. and the ]iev.-. or advancetl era of its history. Judge G. 'SI. 
Gilchrist, in his address of 1904 delivered before the old settlers' 
reunion held at Shellsbuig. presents the following^ sharp etchinir 
nl' tiies*' eaily eonditions leading ui> to tiic line of demarkation: 
"I lielieve Samuel Locldiart the first permanent settler in 
the borders of owv county, but in tlie sajiie year Samuel Parker and 
Oilman Clark made hoir.i-s soinewhere hereabouts. These very 
first si'Hlers must Jiave Im^i-u Icie by the suffr;ince of the Indians; 
foi- only six years before Ihey v^-ere on the war path takinj; wliite 
sealps. Indians vrere evei-y./liere. The o)ily playmates of the 
. hiid'.-eri wei-e liidian boys and >;irls. Xo one could then acquire 
title to tile lioiiH- he occu]")ieii. for tlie land survey "as beo-nn in 
1815 ai'd not completed foj- two years. The two counties created 
])y Mic};i'_'an were now divided by Wisconsin into twenty-tv.o, 
and P>cnton wa.s .one of them. At the first election held at Park- 
er's Gro\'e. oidy twenty-nine votes were east: at the next, with 
two volino- ]>la'-es — one at the Grove and the other at ^larysville 
— not twice as niany votes were cast. Outside of parts of Polk. 
P>entoii, Ca.ntoii, and Ta.ylor tovaisliips. fe\v land entries v/ere 
ni;i(!e until abnut tifty-two to fifty-tive. As a matter of course. 
l!ici-.' was III, market for farm pi-oduels and live stock, except to 
the inuniurant. Schools and ehurches eoubl n<'t exist mueli before 
the fifties because the\' were so f<'\\" and sc.itli'teil. " ; ir 


No Permanent Old Settlers Society. 

The jmiiual reunions of the old sottler^i of Benton eoiinty arc 
uccasltijis of the heartiest M)eiabiliiy and furnish nnieli valuabltf 
and interesting infor^nation eonnertiiig the past \vitli the {)res- 
ent. The presiding'- officei-s, however, are only temporary — chosen 
from year to year — and there is no permanent organization known 
as the Ohd Setthn's' Society, as is the case in niany utlier counties 
.of ti'e west, and not a few, of juwa. 

Tlie so-called Old Settlers' Society was; formed June 15, 
1887. its tirst president being ^Aliltoji 1 mickey, of Shellsburg, and 
its secretary. C. T. ]lort<»n, who is no\\' a residenl of Texas. 

Fjrst Land Entries. j. - 

The early 'oHs in Trenton county saw a marked increase of th<^ 
town |)opulati()ii. the main historical iiderest afterward cejjtering 
in the villages an-i ciiies wiiich wer- Foiiuded ainj developed. L* 
a general way. the pioneers of tli : different tovoisliips are indicated 
by those a\1io made the original entries, although, in some cases, 
setlleinent did n(*t immediately follow entry of land. 

r.KXTox T(>v,-NS}Jii> (85-9) : (icorge AY. Biice, jiart of seetion 
1. Mi:y G. 184G: Ihmh Hrawdy. duTic 2G. 184G ; Edwin li. Spencer, 
part OL section 7. No\em})er 1, ]8-i5; (■harlc.^ C'antonwine, part of 
s*'ciioii 31, Decemlier 10. 1845. 

PoKK Towx.-^iiip (8G-9') : Abncr Spencci-, part of sections -J. 
10 ;cml 11, S('p1c),]licr 27. 1848; .M.-dinda Eo.-kh;irt, southwest (ju;n'- 
ler of iiorthwcsl ijunrtcr of .sci/tioti 24. May 1. 184G; Barney H. 
Springer, south liali of the southeast ((uarter of sr-ction 20. June 
15, 181G; doseph licmingtou, we<t half of the nortlicast <[uai"t;'r of 
.section 34, A]iril 7. 1846; William ^Mitchell, part of section 34. dune 
19. 1840: .];icob Kcniington. October 3. 184G; Caleb S. llendrys, 
southeast ((uai'ter of the noi'theast quarter of section 30, No\'ember 
3. 1845; Sai.'uud M. Loekhart. west half of the northwest quarter of 
scctimi 30. November 17, 1845. ?,,„, - •, . 

CaxT'ix Ti)\vx.-;i!jp (84-9") : D.-miel Ousleil, p.-irt of sectiou 3. 
April 20. 1810; (Miarles A. Belnap. part of sceti'.n 11. :\ray 13. 1840; 
Loyal F. North, part of section 12, February 7. 1840; Stedman 
Penro!<e. Edward Karlsback. paid of section 12, Deeember 30. 1845. 


iiisTOK'Y OF i;j:xtox county 

Fi.oRKScE TowNsiiii' (S2-9): .]ohn I've, pari of section 14. 
Api-il 1. 1S4G: Ilit-aiu UsIi-t. }>art of sc-licjii IS. Fcbiuary 14. 1-4.;: 
Wiljiaiii 'i'hoinas. paj-f of s'-elion 2:1. Frl)niai-v 11). 164(;. " 

Txwjui 'r..\vx>iii[' iS5-lO, : Wijlia;,! A. Bryson. part of seru-;.!! 

I. -hino 21). F<4t;; Sainu-l Moj-s.-. pai'l of s.-rtion Id. .Maivli 10. ]-4.':;: 
-roI)Ti K.'nslunr. Siiiuuel K. I'ark-er. Jo.sepji ]{. and Gideon 
1>. \Vliit(,% entfjivd hi lS4iJ. 

Uk; (;k..>vk Township (84-11 i : llar.s Ilan.-,o7i, jKirt of stvf:..M 

II. April 11. 184S. 

.].\rK>ox Tn\v\s)i!j' rs:^-n ) ; AViiliain Holmes, part of serti-n 
!•>• 'fiiii'.' 2t.. 1S4S; Sarali Iian-is. pait of section Ti. October 11. 
1S4S: ]':!.ene/.er :\Iu]lir,i>-lc, part of s'-cli.^n 2!'. June 2b". 1S4S. 

Ki>K>; Towxsjiir (^4-li>) : Klias Doaii. part of se<-tioi. 7 M-^v 
ol. 184!). , • ■ ; '• 

I.kKov Towxsiiii' (82-11) : CJcrge Tilter, part of section 2^ 
Oct < )}).-■]■ 24. 18o0. 

n.vKiMsox Towx^iiif f><C>-]i)^ : AViHiam IJendri.-kson, north- 
r;;st quarte]- of section 2n. -hinc 1:!. lS4ii. 

:\!oNK(,i; To\\-s>nir i8r)-12) : Orenville ('. Rladcr. part ..f 
.si-riion IT). .Iu!ie oO. l8ol. 

r)w.\ Tn;vxsffiF i's2-12^: I[>-rcanus Guinn. pail .;f sectir-n 
2(. S..pi,.nil>er :-;. is:,!; Samuel Y...inan>. part of seefion 21, S^p- 
teniitcr !;>, is.ll. 

. rxi,)x TowxsHM. (83-11!: Sarah Ann :\lalMn-er. pail of 
sertion :;2, 0.-tM]>er 27, ISol. — 

Ckd.vk To\vxsnii> .'Sfl-ll): Jolni Koux. .suutlioast rp^arter of 
th.' southeast (oiarier of se.-iion 2.'), July 1(1, ISr.l ; S^feplien Kir. J. 
pai't of section 2o. AuLMist 2, isr)2. 

J^T. Clmu TowxsHii- (82-10^ : AVillia.n T. Scoft. ],art of s,-- 
li-'ii 2f). Ort(ilicr p^, I8r,2. 


Fremont TowNSnii^ (83-0) : Edward Connolly, pari of sd.'- 
tion 3i', :^Iaivli 12. 1853. 

Kane Township (S3-12j : Li-vi .Mar.-h. \r,\\\ of section 32. 
l^^eptenib'T 20. 1853. -. ,. 

Brlte Townshfp (86-12) : Lewis ^L C<irlisle, ])ar1s of seetions 
31 and 32. .June 29. lSr,3. 

IFoMKR Township (8-1-12;: l>enjaiiii!i Kinikle. part of sec- 
tion 20. OetoluT 23, 1S54. 

Elpokauo Town^iiu' 1 83-10): .Jaiues S. Easley. part of see- 
tioii 2G. September S. 1854. Xearl\- all of this township was 
eutored in tlie fall of 185i. 

'J'owNr; ANP Cities vf IViintox Copntv. 

The [troi^re-^sive ])la1tin,L', and foundin.Lr of the to^vns and cities 
of Ik'Uton county is .set forth in the fuliowinu facts, ajid is really 
supplejnent;iry to the foreL^iiim' list, whi'-li indii-ated the establish- 
iniMit of tile laiwh'd interests of various pioneers outride the centers 
of more urban ]M)pul;ition. 

]\rarysvil]p (Crbana). located on the north t\veJity acres of 
the west half of ihf" northeast (|u-u1i'r of section 34. lomi^hij. 8f). 
ran.rre 0. v.-as laid oi;t IVLay '\ 1847. by F. J. Ri^'aiul. county .sur- 
veyor; Joseph Remington, proprietor. Plat recorded May 10. 
1^17. at 8 o'rlock A. ?•[. Tliis is Uv oldest town in the county, au'! 
vvas v,•^'l! iOHAvn to th;' curly setlh-i-s as •'lloosicr Poirjt." 

^■i^;{(Ml io'-ated ]>y tie- < oiniuissioners to locate tlie couuty 
seat, 184'I. on the noi-tljoast ipiarler of .section 21. town.ship 85. 
ran^e 10. and lu.nied Noi-thport b\- tlr ■ tii-sl bnai-d of county ••o\a- 
mis.sioners. and ordered to be surveyed in Jnl>'. 1840: bi;t a new 
bo;ird ^vas elected in Auizust. and the record was delayed until 
F(4u-uary 12. 1843. when it was i-eccu-ded b>- Irwin D. Siiai.son. 
<'0unt>' surveyor. The plat was .si.^iu'd by Samuel ^l. Lockhart. 
l>oyal F. Xortli and Thomas ^Vay. county connnissioners. and 
]>>' them named Vinton, in honor of a uuMuber of conu'ress from 
Ohio wlio was anxious to f-erpetuate liis name in way. The 
town }la^ no existence now. and its territoi-y is included in tlie lim- 
its of th" present city of Yinto]i. 



Fremont, local od on lots 5, (i, aiid 7, of the west half of soL-ri.^u 
K;. township 85, range 10. "whirli point being- voted for at the 
Au>,'ust eleetion. ]t!40. by a )najority. to l)e the scat of JiLstic^ of 
l>eijton County." Surveyed l)y Irwin D. Simison. county suj-- 
veyor. November 24, bSi!'; ,J;mM'.s l.evcrie-li. jM'ojirietor. Plat 
reeoi-ded Novemlr.i- 2!*, 1840. The name of this town was chansred 
to Vinton by act of the General Assembly of Iowa, approved in 
January, JSo'4. ■ : 

She]l.-,l»nrg. on the southwest quarter of S(K-tioi\ 11 and partiv 
on the northwest quarter of section 14. townsliip 84. ranLTr f : 
surveyed by K. Vl. Drur\', deputy county surveyor. June ]6. 1^54: 
Jacob Cantonwiue, Christiana Ca.ufonv.-ine, Emanuel S. Fluke 
and ]\[ary Fluke. ]>roprietors. 

Crand Gidf. o)i the .southwest quarter of the soutlieast quarier 
of si'(;tiou 17, townsliip ,^5, rangv 10; suvveyed A]iri! 17. 1.^^54. b-" 
II. Vi. Drury. deputy courity surveyor; John Alexcuider and N.'.ti-.v 
AlexaiKh'r. j>roprictors. Now a j.-art f>f the city of Vinton. 

Ceueva. on the northwest iiuarter of the suuth\ve;st qur.r'c-r 
and t)ie .southwest quarter of the ii'iri]|\M-sl, quarter of seetioi? o. 
lowusliip 84-. range 11: surveyed hy We-Jey AVh;])p]e; R. N. Va!i 
("lief and Susanna Vaii Clief. propi-ietors. Plat filed for record 
March 20. 1855. 

Wilmington, located on sectioii 4. tovrnshi]) ^'>. range 0: .N^r- 
\K'\i:^\ by Vresley Whi|U)]e. Noveinhcr 1*. 1855; Lewis Peri-y. E'i^a 
Heri-y. Conrad Biukhart and Sarah Pdukhart. -proprietors. F'kt 
filed for record. 185S. 

li'ving. on the northwest qiuirter of the- iiorthwest (piart'T 
of seciion 6. township 82. rani;e 12. (>rtober 10. 1855: Samuel Ybx- 
ton. pi-o])rietor. 

l'>en[oii City, hieated on seetio'i 20, lownsliip 85. I'anue 9. south 
of ihe liver: surveyed by Josei»Ji Owen; John Royal, Catherine 
lio\;d. John d'raliam and Lueinda G!"tham. pro])rietors. Plat filed 
for I'reoi-d June 10. 1850. This v/as tlicn a thrivina' little tovm. 
Joliu <ii-aham built a hcilel there in 1855-G. It Avas probably sf.r- 
veyed as early as ls54-5. ])i'. S. F. "Warner loeated there in 1555. 
W. C. Slanliei-ry a<lver1ised in AuQiist. 1S55, at Benton City, "ihe 
largest and best-selected stock of goods ever otfered foj- sale in Bt"ri- 
ton rounty.'" Trenton City Lodge A. V. & A. .M. instituted F. 
1). (Jftobi-r ;n. 1855, and eharteiv-il .lune 4. 185(;. but was removed 
to Shell.d)ur-- prior to 18(14. '\\w line of tli." P.. C. P. i: N. K. P. 
was tirst located to pass throrcjh or ueai- the town, but the lo.a- 


tion N\;is nftC'i'Wiir*! chaii'^ei.l. The glory of the town long siuce de- 
parted, and it no longer exists save in hislory. 
/... Eden, sonth half of the sonthwrst quarter of the sonthwe.-^t 

((Hurler of seetion 1. and part of seetion \'l. township 84, range 10; 
siirve.'v'ed i)v Xewell f'olby January 19. 1S56. 

(Tuinnville. ]);!yt of tii<' northeast quai'ter of seetion 30, tov.^l- 
sliip 82, raniiv 12; sarvexed by Wesley Whipple, October 30-31, 
1850, John E. S. O'liinn and Caroline Guinu, proprietors. Plat 
filed for record Xoveniber 8, 1856. 

l^rooklyn, in Benton and l^la<-k Hawk eouutie^s; surve>'ed 
.Api-il 3. 1S5G, by X. Colby: H. X. lirooks, proprietor, l^lat tiled 
fo)' record IMareh 13. 1857. Derunel. 

Williamsliurg. on section 11. tovniship SG, range 10; surveyed 
by Y\'esley Whipple. .March 20. 1857; Y»^illiam L. Jones, Abigail 
Jones. L. AY. ljr_\ .son and .Mary A. Bryson. pro{)rietor.s. Plat filed 
for record ]March 31. 1857. 

YVest YijitoD. on tlic soutlnvest quarter of the southeast quar- 
ter of section 17, lowijshi]) ^'^^ lariire 10; surveyed by W^esley 
Wlu[>ple. ^fareh 25. 1857: Edwin Iliunphreyville, I. C. Rhodabeck. 
llariiiah 11 Stoughton and W'illiani Stoughton, p>roprietors. Plat 
filed for record ]March"30. 1857. Xow a part of Yinton City. 

Manatheka. pads of sections 2o and 35. to\mship 86, range 
9 )Kar (^rary:^vi!le> : surveyed by Yv'esley Whifiple. ^Mareh 31. 
1857; AYilliitm K'cniington. Elizalniii Peniington. John FergM- 
son, 2\aj)X'y Fergus' <n. Theo<lore Stevens and Lucy Stevens, pro- 
prietors. Plat til-d I'.r record April 4. 1857. 

Belle Plaine. on the east half of and northwe.^t (juarter of 
the sonlhxvest (piarter of section 20, township 82, range 12. embrac- 
iiig thi>-ty acres: laid out in Tvlarel!. 18()2; John I. Blair, pro- 
j>i-ictor; 0. F. Kirl-.y, snrv(n-or. PJat filed for record May 12. 

Blairstovni. on the southwest quarter of seetion 13, and the 
southeast quarter of section 14. township 82. range 11; surveyed 
by G. F. Kirby. in the spring of 1862; John I. Blair, proprietor. 
I'lat filed for record May 12. 1802. 

Norway (now Florence), on tlie northeast f|narter of tlie 
northwest quai-lt-r of sectifin 20. townsliip 82, range 0; surveyed 
June 10. 1863 by P. }*. Smith, county .surveyor; Orniond Tuttle 
and Helen Sophia Tuttle. proprietors. Plat filed for record July 
21, 1863. 

Luzerne, on tlie northeast qinirter of the northeast f[uarter 

\'oi. r— 7 


of soction 24, townshij. S2. i-angc 12. ;ind partly on section 10; B. 
B. Hunt, survt-yor; Isaac B. Howe au<l Hannali R. Howe, proprie- 
tors. Plat tiled for record April 17, ]8<)S. 

IVFonnt Anburn, on the south lialf of seetioii 14, to\niship S6. 
range 11; suj-veyed by V. F. Raochill; .Miltim vS. Hall. Sarah A. 
Hall. Thomas D. Fewis and 3Iary A. Lewis, proprietois. Plat 
filed i'or recoi-d June 19, 187F 

Benton, on sections 2S aijd 20. townshij) 85, range 11: sur- 
veyed by C. G. Johnson in A])ril. ]873; Jonathan Barkdoll and 
Susan Barkdoll, proprietors. Plat filed for record July 22. l87o. 

^Vatkins, on tlie southwest corner of section 28 and the north- 
A\'est corner of section 2G, township 82, range 10; surveyed b.v 
Hiram Lipe in May, 1874; Charles C. Turner and Eliza Turner, 
iiroin-ietors. Plat liFd for record August 16. ]874. ,, ,^ t' 


The first postoffice in l^enton county was establislied at Vinton 
(Xorthport) on October 1. 184^. Vvith Stephen Holcomb as post- 
master. This was aboid tln're months after the couut.v seat had 
bceji ordered to be surveyed, and it remained the only postotnee 
m the county for about two years. In January, 1848, the general 
assembly of Iowa asked foi- the establishment of a mail route 
fT'oiii Tipton, Cedar count \-, via Pioneer C'rove and IMarion. to 
A'iuton; also of another route from Cedar Jtapids. via Vinton, to 
the falls of the Cedar river, Black Hawk county. Tlie p<'>stoffice 
at ^larysville was established September 2], FS48, and John S. 
Foi'syth appointed postmaster, aiul Potato Hill (already noted; 
October 20, 1851. vilh Loyal F. North, j.ostina.ster. Prior ro ISBO 
the ft^)ll(iwing ot"tlces wei'c established which no lonirer appeal* in the 
giu'de; in fact, some had little existence except on paper, and. 
with the exception of Benton City, none really flourished or had 
the making of towns in them: — I'urk, established Oetobei- 81. 
1858, Lewis W. P)ryson, po.simaster: Benton City established Janu- 
a7-\' 81, 1854. William C. Sta.nberry, postmaster; Taylor's Crove. es- 
tablished January 81. 1854. Ceorge T. Hen<lri'ks. postmaster (dis- 
continued August 2(). 1808; ; Linwood. estal)b^^hed August 30. 
1850. Anson T. Wilkins. postmaster (discontinued ^lay U*, 1803" ; 
Pickaw:i>'. established September L 1857. Isaac T. Van Metre, 
postmaster; Willijji_ms, esta])lislie(l June p), 1858, Johji Tann-n- 
postmaster (discontinued ^larch 28, 1805) ; Unity, established 


June 1!). 1S5S; and noimn-al, cstalilishecl Xoveiuber l^^ 185S, J. 
Emrick Flickini:t'r. postmaslcr (clisi-outiiiuecl ^luy 24, lSG4j. from X'iutun. tin' t'staMishni'.-r.t of postoffii-i-s in the 
chief towns and cities of Benton county of today occurred as fol- 
lows: Belie Plaine. established as Guiunvillc. February 29. ]S.36. 
John E. S. (luinn. i)ostiiuisteri cliajuied to its present name Auaust 
G, 1S62) ; Shellsl)U!->r. established Xovembei- 24. 1S56. David Kobb. 
postmaster; Blairstov/n. established July 21, ISGl, Leonard E- 
AYati-ous, postmaster ; and Garrison, established December 12. 1873, 
with Edward ^L Lewis, postmaster.. I'rbana was established 
Xo\ember 27, Ls57 (William V\". Bartliolomew, postmaster) : ]Mt. 
Aid)urn. Februaiy 16. ISiJo; Florence (X'orway). October 2, 1S66, 
(William F. Atkinson, postmaster) ; Lu/erne. Aui^ust 2, 1870 (John 
Anson, postmaster) ; and Walkins. December 15. 1873 (Charh^s G. 
Turnei-. postmaster), while Atkins. Yisn Ilorne and Keystone were 
supplied witli postal facilities in the early eighties, about the time 
of the coming of the Chicago, Milwaukee &: St. 'Paul railroad into 
the county. 

Pkoflssok Tubln" ox Eai:ly Times. 

The followinir extracts are taken from T*i-ofessor T. F. Tobin's 
address, delivered at the Old Settlers I'eanion.. held at Shellsburg, 
June \G. 1904: 

"Early in lb39 Geoi'i^e Wright and Jolui Smith located in 
township 24. range 9. Tlie\' were young men of adventurous 
spirit, who as the .scouts of civiJi/ation }>eni'trated far beyond the 
firing line of forest and field, built a cabin and broke some {)riiirie. 
'i'his was pi'obably the first cabin built by v.'hite men in Benton 
County. Soon after or al)Out the same time James Scott came and 
erected his hiunble y-ioneer home. The same year a little later Sam- 
uel Lockhart anil his family settled in the part (;f tlie 
county on section 24, township S. ran:^a' 9. Others came in slowly 
and soon after we iind that James Downs. Thos. \Yay. Price Kend- 
rick and Tliomas Kend)'ii-k locaterl in the neighborhood of Lock- 
hart's home and tliis little settU-ment was called Iloosier's Point. 

" 'I'his is tilt' spot where some right yeai-s biter a town was laid 
out and called Marysville. ]^y'i\\ Dorsey alst) in 1839 and 
Charles llinkiex- alou',' ab'uit 1840. Samuel K. i'arker located in 
townsliij) 84. range H. and tin- place i.s now called Parker's Cirove. 
Many of these names aiv well known today in Benton county and 
ai'c an honor to it. 


"Jacob Bonsai settled here in ]S40. Afttr two or three yeai-s 
residence he moved av.ay. Giliaau Clark located here in the so.pje 
year, 1840. about a mile and a half east of the present sit>:' <•! 
Shells])urir. Stedman Penrose, A. D. Stevens. J. :\r. Filkins and 
Joseph liemin.f!:ton came in the same year. 

"The first death in the eoimly was that of Kenben Biiskirk, 
October 10, 1S42. It is tuld tliat tliere was no lumber with whi.-h 
to make a coffin and the few settlers felled a linn tree and cut •.:■:" 
a of suit<ible length and split it in two pieces. One halt of 
this was placed in the grave and o]) il was placed the body of the 
deceased. Blofks were placed at his head and feet and the othvr 
half laid over him and the grave filled up. Tliere were five men 
and three women at the funeral. 

"In April, 1842. Lyman Boardwell came to the eouuty and 
purchased the i.-laim and improvements of "Wright and Smiin. 
Avhere he lived until 1S49. wlien he renioved to the location on 
which he afterward lived for many yeai's. It would be a pleasure 
to mention the names of all tho.-^,-' who eame iji tlie early yeai-s. but 
of the many important facts of Benton eounty early history. 
that is out of the question This paper can be but a bi-ief outLiie 
"For eight or ten years the population increased very slowly, 
bid tlie spirit of extension was uiion tlie people ar;d from out i:-e 
settled east, fi'om homes where thci'c was more of eomfort and of 
case, from the enduring friendships of a lifetime, came the hardy 
and adventurous pioneer to sut)due the forest and mal^e the prairie 
blo.ssom as a rose. 

"Many whose names are familiar to you and some of whom t^re 
possibly present today, came lietv.een the years of 1843 and 1^5^' 
and I give a few of them as T have gleaned them from vari -us 
sources ; Ilyreanus Guinn, Hugh Brody, F. P>ryhOn. Stephrii 
Brody, Joseph Bryson and dtsse Brudy in 1848; S. R. Pri-e. 
George .AK-Coy. D. G. Harris in 1^44; J. R. Pra1t. Ciiauneey Lever- 
ich. Stephen Hoh-omb in 1845: A. II. Johnson and David Jevrel in 
1840; George Sander. John p]pperson. H. T. Eppeivm, E".i;a 
Ev.ius. Charles Molierly in 1847; J. S. Forsyth in 1848; J. S. 
in 1851. 

"If my information is correct, the first white child 
b(u-n in Benton county was William Penrose, son of 
Stedman Penrose, and was born :\rarch 20, l.'^52. The next 
was :\lary North, dauuliler of Eoy:d Ne.rth. born in June. l>-i:>. 
The tinrd was Lucinda Bordwelh d;iught<r of L^inan Bordweli. 
born in Julv. 18 M. The iir>t mari-iage was that of Charles IIi::k- 


ley and ]\Iary Helms, by Perry OUiphant in 1859. The marriage 
license wa.s obtained in ^Marion. The first marriage licenses after 
the ory:auizalion oi' the et>unty was issued by David Pratt, deputy 
elerk of the district court, to Joseph Onslott and Miss L'-na Patch, 
and tlu-y were married -luni' 20. 18-17. by Lyman F>o;-d\\ell, justice 
of the peace. The first death was that of CJhrislian Kensinger, 
Mrs. liordwell's father. Avho came to the county in the fall of 
]843 and died May 5, iS-li. The first school house erected in 
Benton eonnty wa.s built of logs on section 28, town.ship 8G, range 
9, and was known to the early settlers as the Johnson school house. 

''It wa.s built in 1845-46 and the school in the county was 
tanght in this building i]i 1846-7 b\' a man j^amed 'J'. J. Iiigaud. 
Mr. Rigaud lived in a log cabin near what A\'as more recently 
known as AYilmington. He died there in 1848. 

"The first election was held at Parkers Grove, according to 
ti'adition. and that Beal Dorsey, Stednnui Penrose, and Lyman 
]^)0rdwcll were t)ie judges and j])avid S. Pratt and John Royal 
were clerl:s, but there is no record of this. The first election re- 
corded was held oji the first ^Monday in ^\pri], 1846. The candidates 
for the county connuissioners were Edwin B. Spencer, Stedmau 
Penrose and Samuel K. Parker. Jolm Royal was elected sheriff. 
Some of the other ofricers eh.'cted AVere Irwin Siniison, recorder; 
Bt;al Dorsey, collector and treasurer; ej. R. Pratt, judge of prohate 
court; Isaac Oustott, assessor. All the otlicers elected took the oath 
of otBce and entered upon their duties during April. 

"It was at this time that the first county seat was located. There 
is considerable obscurity about this part of our histo}"y, but it 
seems tliat it was the intention of tlie commissioners to call the 
eou.Mty si^-ii Xorthport aud to loeate it on ^eciion 21, tov^■nsllip 
85, range 11." 

Judge G. ^L GiLCiiHi.^T ox "The Pioneer." 

■ "It was ordy al»out t\venty-four years before Shellsburg was 
platted that Ghieago was but a haudet with Only four families 
residing there permaneritl\' ; only aljout twenty-one' years before 
the fii'st white woman became a permanent resident of centi'al 
Iowa, tlie jirst school house wa.s erected by the miners of Du- 
bu([rie. the first J. P. \\as counuissioijcd and tlie first postofTice 

"In tile same >'ear the treaty with the Indians of the Black- 
Haw!; war became eifective and opened up to sctilement the eastern 


pnrt of Iowa. Wf stand ntnv voi'v neai' the wcstiTii border of this 
stri}) for I urn advised it is almost identical with ]\)lk. Bentou. Caii- 
ton, Fremont and Floreuee towiishiri;^. Yon nnist stop and think be- 
fore you can believe tliat no eluireh or Sunday sdiool existed in th*^ 
state nntil about eiirhteen years liffore the tiitir I li;i\-e mentioneii: 
that no neAvspajiei- was published until about sixtin-n yeai'S before. 
It was about this time that the state v>as divided into tvro eounti'-s 
by the le<;'islative body of Miehip:an. One was all that pari of th-^ 
state south of a line drawn west from Rock Island, railed De^ 
Moines, and the other was the remainder of the .state ealled Du- 
buque. As late as December, IS;")."), there vv-as no operated railway :u 
the state. The only means of transp.jrtation was the old slaire eoa<;-h 
remembered .so well by some of you. ov tie-" farm \va.uon. Some oi' 
you. I doubt not. have made trips to the river theij to Iowa City arid 
then to Cedar Raju'ds with loads of wheat, oats and pork. JiU'l 
broug-ht baek loads of merehandise. It was in IS");'), July, that I 
first came into the country, traveling- all the way from Davenpor- 
in the ThouLih it was jiiorc tlian a year afler your town, 
liere, was laid out. can't remember that it made any impre.ssioii 
upon me. I do not remember any houses e\rei)t tliat of IMr. 
^Y}lite; nor can T recall, that 1 sau- any of the stakes markine 
.street and lot lines. B'.it if I found nothing in your town that 
was impressive I did tind unich that was e.xpressive in the diiuier 
Ml'. While furnished us. for my waist belt required len.Lrthenine 
when I rose from the table . * * '•' * * * 

''I have always thought well of the old pioneci's tha.t I have- 
kuowu. especially those of them whi^ came from Indiana ; first be- 
causf they (^ame from that .ureat state and secoiidly because T 
lielieved that, as a rule. Ihey ar' not only honest nicn but L'-Ov. -. 
citizens. One thiuL:. however, raised a doubt in my mirid. the fact 
that one i>f these aetpiired the name of ' Honest .liViui. ' Oiie of the 
maxims of the law is that the mention of one is the exclusion of 
the others. I hav<- not been al)le to ^et around the thoufrht that 
the calliiTi: of 07ie by a name indii-atiuu- tliat he. at least, was hones^ 
impliedly excluded all of yoiu Xor does traditional local history 
aid nu- any in my doubt for it says that '}l(mest John' and his 
friend owui-d the laiul on which Vinton was tirsl kdd out and de- 
sired to secure tlie county seat here; that they could iiot do th'N 
except by securim: the cons(>nt of all the residiMits. The plan de- 
vised was that lioth a petiti<m and remontrance should be prepared 
and both be presenled to each voter. That seemed fair and honest. 
.so 'Honest Johir tool: one paper and Ins friend the other and on 


one or the other secured every uaine. Unfortunately, the heading 
of the one and all the names appeared on the other. History does 
not say A\-}iieh but the county seat was located as we have now. 

"J ])elieve Sanuiel Loekhart vras the first permanent settler in 
tlie boi'ders of our county but in the same year Samuel J^arlier 
and Uilman Clark made homes somcv.-here hereabouts. These very 
first, settlers must have been here by sulfrance of the Indians, 
for only six years before the\' were on the warpath taking white 

"Indians were every whei'e. The only playmates of the chil- 
dren v.-ere Indian bo\s and girls. No one could then ac(iuire title 
to the home he occupied, for tlie land survey was liegun in 1SI5 
and not completed for two years. The two counties created by 
^Michigan were now divided by Wisconsin into twenty-two and 
Boiton vras one of them. At the first election held at I'arker's 
Grove. Oiily twenty-nine votes were cast; at the next with two 
Voting ]:)laees. one, the Grove, the other, ^larysville. not twice as 
many votes were cast. 

'"Outside of parts of Folk, ijcnton, Canton and Taylor town- 
ships few laud entries were made until about fifty-two to fifty-five. 
As a mt'.tler of course there was no laarket for farm products and 
live stock except to the immigrant. Schools and churches could 
not cxi.'jf nmcli before the fifties because you were so few and scat- 
tered. The railroad and telegraph did not come until 1SG9. I 
doubt not the first settlers look upcai these early days as their 
liappiest, notwithstanding the privations they endured. Is it not 
true that we are in great measure creatures of our circumstances; 
that our actual needs are few and cnir othei'S are largely bounded 
by OU1- cnviroujnent :' 

"These first frontiersinen were but llie advance guard of the 
army of sturdy, strenuous, intelligent citizens of the more eastern 
pa.rts invading the wilderness l)eiwecn them and the Pacific ocean. 
At one time the Puritan settlers of Massachusetts Bay. as the>' 
thought. in-o])er investigation determined tl'.at population would 
never be vei-y ilense be\ond tlie territory immediately about Boston 
and that a. little way w.-st from thei'e the country never would be 
worth anything. We know tluit tlie\' were, like some of us today, 
.judging that of whirh they h;id no adequate knowledge. Not longer 
ago than the beginnings of civilized life in this community 
you were tauglit west of the ^lissouri river was 
tiie great American de.sert. On the maj) we studied and in 
the imagination of the people the western bordei- of Iowa was the 


limit of our aurii-ultunil l;inds aiul bryoiul lay a great waste 
that lit-rc and tliriv nii'^dit, possil)l_\-, be nsod for oi-a/ino' purposes. 
.S<unc be^.in to wonder wliat we'd do with our ever imreasiuo' p,jp. 
Illation; how in time, we'd i'crd them. Let us see. for a iiKjinent 
what tile fai-ts are as we know tliem or can reasonably beiie\e 

"Whose was the influence, intelliuenee and energy that 
In-onght aliout the wonderful changes we have seen in our national 
condition ; that laid the foundations for our schools, colleges, 
churches and the law abiding instinct of our ))eopIe and that so 
Well put in practice the Golden Rnle ? It was the early pioneers. 
Coiinti(\s atid conninmities have their childhood, as do 
men and women their formative time. The first settlers 
in a county, state or country, usaally leave their im- 
press upon its i)eople following them. There is no great difference 
in climate or soil htetween North and South America. Doth are 
in the new world now; whatever there v.-as of civilization in either 
a1 disr(,very was for.nd in the suuthern parts. Both of the Ameri- 
cas have their temperate, tj-0]iical and frigid /on(>s. In the on(^ 
the frigid '/-0)iii' is in the north while it is in the south in the other. 
In all other respects how g)-ea1 the diffo'ence. In one the people 
are progressive energetic, intelligent, lav.- abifling and happy, 
eommanding everywhere respe.t and influence. In the other the 
people ai-e generally iniprogressive. slothful, ignorant and evei- 
ready to set aside law and disi'upf ,u(n-ei-nnient aiul witliout res- 
pect or infiuence as natioiis anywhere. Hut for the aegis of the 
Monroe doctrine, enunciated and maintained l)y the United States. 
it is more than pos.sible many of tliese sta.tes of the south part of 
the contineni w(~>uM nnw be colonies oi' dej>endencies of some of the 
old world powers. In the one the i)ioneer settlements \\ei'e made 
by those of tlie Anglo Saxon race, while in the other they wo'e made 
by th(;se of another blood. Some one, aslced when the training of 
a cliild should begin, answei-ed 'a hundred years hefoi-e it was 
born.' i ; > : 1 •. ' .. ' 

"Why did he an.swer so? Because tlie eliaracteristics of the 
ancestor will inhere in the child and more or mould its life. 
Changing circumstances may modify but not wl.'oUy eradii-ate 
these. The austere Puritan lover of ivligious and p.ersonal lib- 
ei-ty w;.s the pioneer at Massachusetts Bay. lie left 

his home to enjoy such liberty yet he denied it to tliose 
who followed him into the wilderness for the same 
cause, and cruelly persecuted and })unished all who dared 


to differ with him. But there were many of the qualities in him 
that ai'C so essential to nation builders. Tlie cavalier of Virginia, 
in his comini;, (•are<l little for relif;i()us liberts' and less, it may 
he for religion itself. From these two sources more than any 
where else has come the steady stream of immigrants who tirst 
opened up the Ol^io valley, the:: that of the ^Dssissippi and all 
that is west of it. This mingling and their changing circumstances 
moditied the characteristics of each class, smo')thed down and 
rounded off the rouglmess of the one and addled strength and 
steadfastness to the other, but left untouched or intensilied those 
of our race which make us, and those akin to us in blood, v.orld 
leaders. Our Benton county pioneers are their descendants. Their 
training as citizens began in ^Massachusetts, Virginia and other 
Atlantic states long ago. 

''The future of our country that some of you fought for. 
that some of your sons or husl^ands died for and that all of us. 
lioth north and south, love so well, depends upon our children. Our 
day for shaping and moulding her destiny is abnost gone. God 
grjuit that it may continue to iucre;ise in all that makes a nation 
great ujitil time .shall be no more." 


I. Van Metre, so well known to all old si.'tilei's of Benton coun.- 
ty, contributed generously to the Viitfun Eagle's jal)ilee edition of 
1005, and the following is quoted fi'um his articles: 

"I did not get iido Bentun p.r'ti! late in the spring of 1850, 
when the sJouLdis were at their besl. liaving been left beliiad to 
Jn-ing up the rear. I nuide the trip on horseback. 1 remember tlie 
ride well. Colemarrs Grove was on the road seven miles from 
Cedar Ra[)ids. and there was no Iniman }ia])itation for fifteen 
miles. It was a State road running from Cedar Rapids to Toledo, 
and was traveled ])y a lai-ge share of tlie ])opulation of tlie west, 
wlio did their trading, both buying and selling, at Cedar Rapids 
— chielly buying. The preceding winter tlie fall of snow had been 
exceedingly heavy and the sloughs were at this sjiring season cor- 
respondingly full of water, and th( unid was deep and stilf. The 
amount of travel on tlie road goiu.: and coming was great and tlie 
sloiurhs were liadly cut u[). I do not think it an exaggeration to 
state that the roatls over many of these sloughs were a (piarter 


to a liali'-niilo width; the sod worn out f^iitirely in phK-es. eviden-rr^.- 
bt'iii-; fre([iient where teams had been swamped, mired, and where 
the plucky teamste)-s had carried th.-ii' ](,;ids to the opposite b;ink. 
There were waicoM tracks which iudicated that some enterprisiDir 
selil.'is had endeavored to head tiie sloughs. Ilaviuir liad a trrviri 
deal of trouble gettiiiy over some of them myself, I concluded t-.. 
folh^w one of these ti-aeks. I think it was more than half a mile 
— it seems so, at least — where the traek turned into the slougli to 
cross. It seemed ^ell ui) toward the liead of the swail, and i-.s 
appearanee i>romised an easy passage. I turned my horse s head 
to follow the eourse taken by the \nse man wlu) liad found a way 
to beat a slough. 1 .soon leai'iied souiething. Hoth mv eves and 
the aetion of my horse awakened me to a realization of the fa.:-t 
that neither the team.ster nor myself had mastered the slough prob- 
lem. I saw. a hundred or so feet ahead of me, where the old gra^ 
had been tramp(Hl into the mud for yai-ds around and where there 
was every api)earanee of horses having been struggling in tli-^ 
)nnd. I got out on the same side I had started in, and in time lT": 
to the other side farther down. 

"It was nearly sundown v.dien I reaehed a cabin oeeupied by 
Thomas Keenan and, family, i in-piired the distance t.. :\rr. Vau 
^Metre's. There were several young men besides tlie old gentlemaii: 
neai' tlie door of tlie eabin were several women and a !>irl or tv.-.> 
and mnnbers of snjall children. There were a few cows and cattle 
in thi^ staltle yard and .some ducks and eJiiekens. Mr. Keenan anu 
some of the others ansvrered niy question: 'It is two miles, and 
the sloughs are bad.' A young fellow volunteered the a.ssertior: 
that I could not get through there that night, and Mr. Keeuu- 
said: 'Get ot^! your horse ;)!id slay Ihe niglil.' ] j)rotested, but 
he paid no attention to my protests. 'Take ihc lad's horsey he 
said, and the horse was taken. I was ushered into the house and 
had my supper. The cabin was probably sixteen feet square and 
very low. The family had had su})])er auti were outside, except ai: 
elderly lady, who. I afterwards learned was :\Irs. Keenan. and a 
younger woman. AVhile I ate, I had a good oppoi-tuniiy to make 
a survey of tlie surronndiugs. There were tln-ee beds in one side 
of tlie rooju. Very (lose togcTher; the ta])le stood neai- the door, and 
the .stove was in tin- corner nearest to it. A miscellaneous as.sorr- 
m»>nt of articles fillcil the other corner. The food was plain, but 
good, and I ate hcartly. The friendliness shown in every act and 
the hospitable ui--ing to eat iiiori' were little l(>ss e(Ve<-tivc in sharj - 


eniiig the api^etitf tlinn the strenuou'; (Uiy's work J liad doue in 
hravinjr t^v^nlty-five miles of early-da_\- loua slouirlis in wet spriiie- 

"Tlie family retired early. Li'iviiig me the bed in tlie soutbwfst 
coniei-. which, like the others, was curtained. 1 was tired and 
shn^Iiy. and rememhcr nothin^;' of wliat follov/cd until ealletl fur 
breakfast. I had supposed that uiosl of the j)eople I had seen the 
eveninfr before were \'isitors, and was surprised to find them all 
seated at the tal)le. As I recall tlie faees now, there were 'Sir. 
Keenan. ^like Smith. ]\lr. .AreCormick and ilr. Cummins, sons-in- 
law of ^Ir. Keenan. ]Mike and Con Keenan. and myself. There 
wei-e also ]Mrs. Keenan and two of the other ladies, if I remember 
riii'htly. It was homelilce and free, and I did full justice to the 
substantial and jialateable food. 

"A surprise was awaitine- me at the end of the meal. I had 
not ol)served th.e previous e\'enin^ that in the eoi'iier filled witli 
miscellaneous arti<-l(>s stood a ladder very ui»ri_£rlit. Neither had 
it occurred to me that there was cin>' i-oom upstairs for anyt)ody 
to sleep. At the close of the meal old lady Keenan arose, and. go- 
ing to the ladder, called. 'Ciiiider. coom to breakfast.' Sucli 
a gettin' downstairse I never did see. The little fellows followim.- 
Kalie TZeenan — I think that is tlu- nami:\ a miss of tv.-elve or thir- 
teen years, perhaps — simply rolled down that ladder. 

''Il seems that the sons-in-law and their wives, each pair 
of wliom had t\\'o or three chilili-en. were slayine temporarily un- 
der the home roof while building houses of their own. I think I am 
not at all out of the way in my count, which footed up eiL'hteen 
of us sleepiii^jT under that roof tlie.t night. The iiamcs of the sev- 
ei-al persons 1 as--ertainefl biter, and it is possii)!-,- tliat 1 raay liave 
gotten tiiem mixed, but other\\ise the statement is simple truth. 

■"The incident strilN'inLdy illusti-jites a phase oi' tin? early ]>ion- 
<\'i' life — its free-handed, open-!ieaited, kindly hospitality Tlie wel- 
come to the tolal stranger; not a grudging admission to shelter, 
hut a fatherly order froiu old gentleman Iveenan. '(Jet of¥ your 
hcu-se and slay llie inuht : the slonuhs are bail and you ma\" meet 
witli troid)li\' And this wln-n \\\o liouse was full to overliowing. 
and T was ])ut tuo mile.s from \uy destination. Hospitality! IIow 
little ])eop1e in eetier-al luiow of lln^ siLMiifK-ance of the word I - i. 




"The Ijirjjest gathcriiiL!- of peo])]e for ;i good time and a stroke 
of business lielcl during the early chiys on the southei-n slope was 
held iu tJie winter of ]b-")7-8, I tiiink it was, at the home of the 
Andt'rsOTis, al)uut a miJi' soulli oJ' where l>lair^1(nvn now stands. 
Along in the years of "oT-S, and, iu faet, for several years, there 
was a strong disposition upon the part of the people of the Slope 
and eertai)! to^nlships in Jowa and two or three t(nviiships in 
Tama County, to set up a 7iew eouuty. The people iu .South J^en- 
ton thought it unreasonable and unjust that Vinton, away to the 
noi'lh of tlie eouuty, should be the eomUy seat, and the action of 
Judge Sanuiel Douglass in building a court house and tliat of Tom 
Drnmmond iu securing tlie locrition of the College for the Blind 
there, had pniL-tic;dly eut off all prospect of the removjil of the 
county seat to a more central point; so the active brtiius of tlie 
.ambitious people of thv southern section conceived tlie idea of a 
new county. The matter was broached to some of the principal 
men of thr northern townsl;i}>s of Iowa County, those lying north 
of the Iowa Kiver, which lh;it stream, then poorly bridged, cut 
off from I\l;trengo, their county seat. ^Lirengo, like Vinton, is in 
the north of tlie county, and Williamsburg, furtliei- south, had al- 
ways had an ambition to lie made the county scat. The people 
down that vay favored ihe new seheme. Then over in Tama the 
people of two tnwusliijfs favoi'cd it. The luen ^vho did the figuring 
in the interest of the new jmnx'ment calculated that these three, 
or rather four, ititerests — that is, the Tama corner township in- 
terest, and thr^ north and south Iowa County interest — could cou- 
tT'o) a majority of the votei.s of tlie two counties if tlie ques 
tion were fairly submitted to them, 'i'he matter was earnestly 
diseussed and quietly agitated b\- the people in the several di- 
visions named, and there were enthusiastic individuals who believed 
that the project was not only feasible, but certain of consumma- 

"I called it a. meeting, but it was a party, and yet it had the 
elements of a meeting,' in it. Anderson's was what was known as 
Stonecyfcr's (Jrove. and was well located for the county seat of 
the new euunty. a<-cordin!^' to the best judgin,ent of the people who 
lived in the immediate vicinity. 1 would not attempt ti) give a list 
of the biu: incii whn a1ten<lcd that [larty. You may be sure that 
And\' Stein was there. Andy was aiwa\"s aroinid when any inter- 
est of the Sliipe was to l>e foi'warded or any interest of the county 


was to In' protccletl. lie lived at the foot of the l)hift's, not far 
fi-niu the ]n\\a county liiir, and a frw niik'S southeast of wliere 
I'xdltj l*l;;!iii' now stands. -Jake Spriuiirr was there, then and vxcv 
sine*'. Chief Mo<nil over in St. Clair. I'at Kelley and Milce Smith 
and two or (hi'ee of tlie Van .M'dres were tlioi-e. Snow and E. W. 
StO'-kei\ of Kane township, and the '^I'wouoods. (Jraliams, and 
numerous others from over i)i Tama. There were I'epresentatives 
from all the territory to be alTeeted by the cliange, large repre.s- 
entations of men. women and ehildren. 

Bitter Olt;>ide — JoLr.Y Lwside. 

"lla\'ing returned to Cedar Rapids and begun the study of 
law. I remained tliere after the family bad moved out ou the far)n, 
Init by fi-equent \isits home I kept in toueh with the peo])le of Van 
>\rctre'.s Gru\'e. oi- Piekawa^'. as tlu^ j^laee was named in honor of the 
county from ^vhich the family had eojne when moving from Ohio. 
A j/Ostoftiee was established at l-'icka'way in 1?<7}H. and John E. Van 
^I'etre was appointed postmastm-. It was the halfway sto{)ping 
plaee for tlie hack line betA\'ei'n Cedar l^apids and 'J'oledo, a 
visiting jjlaee for Ohionns and other of the family ae(iuaintanee.s 
at Cedar liapids. I was sto)->])ing witli the family of 1,^. ]\I. 'Slc- 
Intosh in Cedar Rapids, in whose law oiViee I was eontiiniing 
my studie.s after my brother. Ezra's deatii. 

"On ^Monday morning ^le. suggested that we go out to Piek- 
away for a day or two. 1 think it was the first day of Deeember. 
ISof), though it niay have been a week earlier. The weather had 
been moderate. l>ut da.m|). but this morning was ]'easonably fair, 
an'! not at all eold V,':' irsil ^; two-seated open bugi:\' or wagon. 
sueli as we!"e eonunon in tliose days, and a good team. Tiiere were 
.Mr. and .Mrs. Melntosh and little boy, ^Irs. John Craves and my- 
self. The I'oa.fls were not bad as they usually- were in the spring 
time, but neit any too good. We sto].]v:'d te. water the team at ^Ind 
Creek, eiiiht iriiles from h<mie. AVhile I was watering the li(U\ses it 
began to snow. Before we reached home the ground was covered 
an inch oi' two deej-* witli tlie beautiful. It eontimied to snow 
throuuh the niulit and was still at it in the morniuL;-. and the wind 
was busy pilin.LT it in drifts. 

"N"t withstanding appearances to the cfuitrai-y. we insisted 
on thinkinir that it would not be mmdi of a storm. P>!()ther Henry 
who had an errand at kk ^V. StO'-kei-'s two miles west, hiti-hed up 
a team and took in a coujile of girls, relatives of the family, who 


were sta.v iu^ there, aiK.l .Airs. Jc»hii (Jraves. and went up to ^Ir. 
Stoeker's. They intended to return with(jut further delay than 
was neeess;ir\' to wai'ni up. but tlie storm ixvew so fieree and the 
.snow-drift so Ini^h that the\- wei-e chliged to stay over night, 
KvfU then the uh'U did not dare to venture uut with the ladies 
until tlic\' had broken a tr.ick' thi' fidl tv.o uu'les. All were safely 
!;aek by (.'v^'iiinu: ot tlie seeond day. 

"I nientio}! this as an iustanee of the lei-riiie eharai-tei- of the 
snow storms uf those days, and beeause these mountainous .snow 
drift.-: rendered doubly s'nere tlie too severe v.eather. vafjtly in- 
creasing^ tile ditfieulties of earinf,' for stoek and attendiiie to otlier 
iieeessar\' lai)ors. Think of a snow storm in these later years 
which would deter people from makiu,'.!: a drive of two inilesl We 
don't ha\'(' tli'Mii. 

'"liUt (lur Cedar i{ai)ids party. From two days v.e e.\tended 
our visit to ten. when ^Ir. AFelntosh having- pressing professional 
Inisimss awaiting him, had to go. My 1)rother Tayloi' hitehed four 
horses to a Itobsled with a wagon bo.K on it, made all preparations 
to keep warm, and he and Air. A[rTntosh started out to break a 
traek to Cs'dar Rapids. Tliey had a very hard time of it. but 
reat-hed tlu-ir destination that niglit. Tliey returned the ue.xt day. 
bringing an additional eonveyanee v^■ith them, and the follovring 
day reached Cedar Rapids with the ladies. 

"That is an incident e-onunon enough in those times. It was 
rough and severe out.side, lint indoors tlnre were .jolly tim'-s for 
two weeks." 

Jacob Sprixger. 

'"One of the most pi-ominenl eharaelcrs in Denton eount\" for 
llu- past fit'ty years is the Hon. Joeob Springer, of St. Clair town- 
ship, lie is now living: in retirement at the home of his daughter. 
Mrs. .Jaliiv Uowers. uf that ti'wnship. lie came to this c-ountry in 
^f<o'2. whih' in the \'ery [»rime of his young life. He and his g\>od 
wife (now in tlu^ heavenly liome) settled in St. Clair township 
when there wasn't a neighbor for miles and built up a prosperous 
home. It seemed to them th.'ii. a.nd they (iften remarked it for 
several years, that they would not live to .see the day even when 
their own to\\nshij> would l)e si.ttled. Mrs. S]>ringer. though now 
dead f(»i- se\-.M-;d \■ear,^. li\ed to see the almost full development 


of the county. From a laud bare of liomes it beeame dotted all 
about them with ha[ipy homes and sfhoul houses. 

"]\rr. Springer, in his active life, was a natural leader of men. 
He possessed great organi/iug and executive ability. Hardly a 
movement, either civil ui pulitiiral. was .suLrgested but he was calh-d 
into tlic eouneil.s and liis advi<-e songlit. He was ])orn in Fayette 
county, Pennsylvania. January 21, 1824. On the 11th day of 
]\lareh, 1845, was married to Eliza J. ^leCormick. They rai.sed 
five children to manhood ami womanhood, three girls and two boys, 
one of which. Eugene B., enlisted in Company H, xSecond Iowa 
Cavalry, in September, 1864, and died in the service in July, 1865; 
the balance of the children are now living. 

"In 1852, Springer and family emigrated to Iowa, leaving 
I'ennsylvania on June 2d. They came oveiland b\' teani. There 
were no railroads at that time west of Chicago; crossed the ^lissi.s- 
sippi at ]\[uscatine on a horse ferryJ)oat. East of Iowa City they 
passed two squadrons of United States troops in charge of the ihis- 
(piakie liidians, taking them back to the reservation. The follow- 
ing sunnncr four hundred of them k-it tiie re.serva.tion and returned 
and are now living near Tanui Cit\- oi\ land purchased with their 
own mor,ey, derived from the sale of tlicir la)i<ls which the govern- 
ment purdiased from them in Iowa. Springer and family arrived 
in Iowa City on the 5th da\' of July and stopped over there tv,-o 
days. They arrived in what is now known as St. Clair township on 
July 9th. Mr. Springer p'Ut up a tent and lived in it until a log 
cabin could l)e built, into Avhich the family moved before it was 
finished." 1 .. -■ \.-,. i; - , • 


The following was written originally for the semi-eentennial 
edition of the Vii>to)i Eof/U by George R. Knapp of Vinton: 

"?tly fathi-r, John Knapp. first visited Iowa in 1850. He had 
fought through the war with .Mexico from I'alo Alto to the peace 
of Guadalou}) Hidalcro, with General Taylor and his ever-victo- 
rious army, as well as one c;unpaign against the Sioux Indians in 
the Xnrthwest. He served with the fi.mous First Mississippi nndm- 
Colonel Jefferson Davis, afterward president of the Southern Con- 
federacy. This regiment sailed from Xew Orleans with twelve 


InuKlrctl men and laustercd out there at the end of the war one 
hundred and thirty only. The ten hundred and seventy eomradts 
Were dead, every man, warrior and cliief. 'I'here had been no 
sick leaves, no discharges, no prisoners.. IMy father had been 
wounded at ^Monterey, and ids health had been ruined, like that 
of all his eonirades. 

Daxgkrous Cracks. 

''After his first visit to Iowa, IMr. Knapp went to Philadelphia 
and engaged in business, but found his health unequal to city life. 
so that lie returned to Iowa in 1856 and settled with his family 
near Reniinfilon's Ferry in Oedar township. There was a small 
loir caliin on the place erected by some squatter's. This one 

had big cracks in the floor. AVlien my uncle took me out 
of the wagon and {)ut me down on the floor I was afraid to move 
lest I woidd fall through, and never know whore I 'v/as at.' Hovr- 
ever. there were so many things to frighten a boy, gliost stories 
and boars a.nd panthers occassionally. and Indians. 

"The Indians who visited us were all friendly, but .just :u^ 
g(^od to children a-s any. So it haiq)ened that I soon got so 
used to all the scares that 1 was not afraid of any of them. I do 
not think this was anything unusual. ]->oi'der children get a good 
nerve about the first thing. Indeed. I was fully grown before I 
had any idea what people meant ^^•hon they said they were ner- 

The Squatter "Defined." * '"' 

"Perhaps I should explaiii, for the in.stTuelion of some of the 
y(.>uiiger readers, what a squatter was. The S(tuatters were people, 
mostly Americans, who were forever keeping on the border of 
••ivilization, pushing the vrild beasts and the Indians ever 
v\-ard before the nmz/.les of thcii' rifles. They generally bought n-"* 
land, luiilt their calnns on any lami that suited them, sta.ving until 
tix' settliTs came, cultivating a little land and fishing and hunt- 
ing. They cut all the timber they wanted wherever it suited theia. 
cariuLT not a whit who owned it. Their cabins were warm in winter 
riiivl cool in summer, and thc.\' made a good living after their fash- 
ion with little exertion. They were nearly all very ig- 
norant and s[>uer^titious. but kindhcarted and helpful, though not 
particularly' honest. 

"Did thf .settlers buv land which llicv had irtqtrovei] of the irov- 


ernment, and come and drive the squatters off and take their iin- 
[.rovements? No, not on your life. That is, not at that, stage of the 
uajne. That may have happened to some belated sr|iiatters, but 
the great l)ody of them mn'er suffered thus. There were plenty 
of hogs among the settlers that vere not above taking anything 
from anybody, but they had noticed that otlu'i' hogs of their t.vpe 
who had robbed squatters suddenly found tliemselves out of busi- 
ness entirely and in the hands of the eoioner, or in erpiivalent 
cireumstanees. It Avas easy to steal from tlie Indians, but there 
were fev; people indeed who wanted the eonti'aet of robbing squat- 

"I rememl)er that a man bought some timber, and in that 
timber he found a big pile of rails. One night, in a cabin, he said 
to the host: 'I bought that timber, and I suppose that big pile 
of rails is mine. They will coim- mighty handy to use in fencing 
in the S]n'i]ig.' dust then a man who had been quietly snioldng 
said, "You let them rails alone I' and not another word. That 
was enough, though ; the st-ttlei- never moved a rail. AVhat law 
there ^^■as could not be usi-d againsi the squatters, for they could 
prove anything whatever by all tlie other squatters in the neigh- 

"The squatters were ahvitys telling ghost stories, even locating 
the places where they could be seen nightly in wholesale lots. 
These .stories aroused my curiosity so much that I felt tliat 1 ought 
by all means to see some ghosts m>'self ; and that nevei" haviiig seen 
a single one. placed me far behind the times. So one night, not 
knowing aiiy better. I pasted off to a lonely path in the woods 
where I had been told the ghosts were the thickest, and hiding 
whci-e I had good vievi' of the path, I waited and waited, never see- 
ing a yhost. until my motiier got frightened a.t my ab.senee and 
called me man\' times. I did not answer for fear of scaring away 
the liliosis. I jinally went home very wann under the collar at the 
disobligimr gliosts. '' 


"An old srjuatter. Davy Allen, eamc in one day and said he 
was going west: it was getting entirely too eivilized. ^!y iiiother 
dill not see it in that way and was not slow in saying so. 

Vol. I— S 


" 'Well.' said Allen, "it is so to me. ^'ou folks have put 
iron hinges and latelies on your doors, and have built a ehimney 
and h.iv<- the house all to yourselves — beds seven feel long and all 
that. X()-\v when we first landed here the beds were only four 
ftot lon^', so that grown folks' legs stuck out about {v«-o feet, and 
the ehi(:kens roosted on them. That was satisi'aetory for a whole 
year, but no longer. You see. the second year there were two or 
more roosters, and they always got to fighting at 3:29 in the morn- 
ing and woke up the family, to say nothing of seratehiug their 
legs. They couldn't starid such destruction, I tell you, so they 
fired the chiukL-ns out and lengthened the beds. Besides all that 
thei-e have been too many ehanges in this part of the country. 
Now, when I first came lierc. that big hill over there was nothing 
but a hole in the ground, ' 

"Allen had a big fajuily, but he got them all in a wagon one 
day and turned the heads of the oxen westward,. and we never saw 
any of them again. The whole family was killed and scalped by 
the SiOux Indians, save one \-oung man who was in the ariny. 

First Tkip OF "Br.ACK ^IA^VK." 

"In the fall of 1858 the steamer Black Hawk made its first 
trip up the Cedar river from Cedar Rapids to Waterloo. The 
boat would always whistle for Remington's Ferry for the reason 
that it could not nin under tlie cable, vrliicii had to be lo\\'ered to 
allow the boat to pass over it. This boat was about a h\mdred and 
fifty feet long and with good beam, and carried heavy loads of 
freight. U. would run over the api'on attached to the bow. I 
used 1o .see iur.u with brooms swee})ing back the water to Iceep the 
boai, irom sv.amping. There was a great deal niore \\atcr in the 
river tiien than no-w, so tha.t it was possible to run such a boat. 
The chaiuu'l of the river l>cgan to fill soon after the farms wei-e 
cultivated, and has continued to fill ever since, .so that no large 
craft can be now floated sa\e during very high water. 

Hard Times. . . , 

"Soon hard times Mere upon us. In 1857 the wheat crop 
failed entirely, being drowned out 1)\' excessive rains. However, 
we raised a little soft coiai, and there was no bread but straight. 
])oor .iolnm\"cake for a solid, and nevt'r to be foi'gotten year, until 


the wlif'fit crop of 185S could be rjiised and luilled. To make 
matters worse, tliere was tlic irreatest iimiiu-ial panic tliis country 
ever cxpcriciictd that same \car. G(»ld was about the only money 
one could be sure of. ^Liuy found their pnper money wortliless. 
Then on top of all this, we U'-arly all were sick with chills and 
fever from drinking: surface water from slouirhs and shallow wells. 
There had been no time to dig deep wells in a comnmnity sti'ugirliug 
to raise and s«ve crops enough to keej) off stai'vation. The squat- 
ters had .some cattle and horses, and being generally lawless, 
allowed them to feed on the ci-ops of the settlers, on unfeneed land, 
so tliat all spare time Wcis devoted to fencing. Sometimes whole 
families Avere sick in bed with ague, .so that none v.'ere able to eare 
for the little stock there was. We finally dug deep wells and 
between and quinine we got rid of the ague. I believe many 
people, too, become innnune to ague. The stjuatters were not so 
much afflieted with it. and I have never seen an Indian with it, nor 
have I evei' heard of anv of them haviuti it. 

Satisf.^ctor^' Subsckiption Price. 

"The yi)ilo)t EdJiU would get into our neighborhood that 
summer wdienever some daring settler would swim Pratt creek and 
-Mud creek and a lot of sloughs and get i)ack with his life an.d the 
\\et j.apers. The EivjU. $:',.50 i)ei' year then, I believe, and as 
nobody paid for it. the price was .satisfactory. Ilanford and Ilolt 
n.sed to send out elegantly i^rintcd duns once in a while. These 
aroused the mei-riment of Ihc settlers, as there was frequently not 
enouidi cash in the wlioh' neiL^-hborhood to p-iy one bill. 

"A good c(AV could then ht- bouuht for .^-S.OO, and a g"od man 
could be hired for about th^ same price ])er month. 

"The bravest of the settlers looked blue in those dreadful days, 
and the Momen shed many homesick tears. Some of them had been 
well raised in the east, and Avere nearly overcome by the wildness 
and hardships of the west. However, most of them vrere young and 
hlled with tlie joy of life, v.-hieh even the desolation and home- 
sickness could not wholly quench. 


A Song for E\t-:rythixg. 

"One would hear m the stillrifsr- of the saddest nights some 
hoMutiful soprano — 

"There's a land that is fairer than day, 
And by faitli we may see it afar." 
"No storms ever break on that beantifid shore, 
While the years of eteraity roll." 

Or some strong tenoi- on the trail at night, wlio had left his swp-:- 
heurt in the east, while he eanie foi-th to eonquer the wilderness — - 

"Her form was like the dew drop, . ■ 

Her neck was like the swan's. 
Her face it was the fairest that ere the sun sh'jne on." 

"There was another speeial Providence in tl'.osc days, the 
border minstrel. 

"How sweetly from the minstrel's throat 

The lender l)a|];id rang; 
And how the banjo's ciuivering note 

Came throbbing as he saTig ! 

"And yet. tho^ with his licjuid song. 

It ne'er shall speak again. 
Its tender strains shall eeho long 

Within the souls of men." 

"There was plenty of wild gatiK". too. I do nol know how we 
could have lived throuirh the tiist years without it. Tliere were 
great tloeks of wild pigeons and duf^ks and p:<:'i'^e and brants, ns 
well as piiniated grouse. Quails v.-ere less plmliful than no-.v. 
and so were rabbits. Tlie wolves liad kept the rabbit.s do\m. 

E.\r;f.v Settlers of the TowNsiirps. 

"The first settler in Le IJoy {(.wnslrlp was -1. W. Athey. wh-^ 
entered land a mih^ soutli of tin* site of Blairstown in lS5:-». A 
character in Lt^ Koy for many years was Isaiah Morris, who carnt^ 
the same vear Mr. Ath.ey did, in 1853. He lived for years in the yil- 


lage of Blairstowni and was justii-e of the peace- He was a mau of 
miic'li iuLclligviu-e and took a sincere interest in the welfare of the 
village and in promoting good eitizensliip. He moved to Jopliu, 
Missouri, some years since. James Bryan came in 1S55 and set up 
a blacksmith sliop near the site of Blairstown, the first in this 
vicinity, although a German, 1 forget his name, opened a. shop 
shortly after a little further up Prairie Creek. Mr. Bryan ac- 
cumulated consideral)le pro])erly and was one of the leading citi- 
zens in Blairstown. He had a dauirhter. and, 1 presume, other 
children. One daughter resides at Dcnis(m, wife of George liich- 

''Isaac Burnett and family came in the same year, 1855. ^Iv. 
Burnett was a ncjihew of Judge Burnett of tlie supreme court of 
Ohio, and came here from Cincinnati. He was a well-read, culti- 
vated gentleman, hut his early training did not especially fit him 
for the ]-ough-arid-tujnble life of a pioneer. He had an unusually 
fi'ie family, two boys and several daughters. One of the boys, I 
tliinl:, died in the army ; the other 1 have lost ti'ack of, as 1 have 
of all the girls exce])t Kitty, the eldest daughter. She was a most 
lovely and lovenble girl, and no doubt was a delight to her husband. 
Dr. Basil Wel)ster, and a continual benediction upon his house- 

' TOWxsnnMTiSTorjTEs;. 

Bv BuLCi- M. B. Van Dt-^rx. 

"Thougli not one of the first settlers of Bruce town.ship, my 
acfpiaintancc with its people, history, etc.. dates to the 15th of May, 
185S. Ha\'iug driven overland from northern Ohio in company 
witli a neighbor. Mr. 'SI. AYoodley and son, who had sold out and 
were coming wt\vt with their families that spring. The spring and 
sununer of that year were very wet and the roads, especially in 
Illinois and Iowa, were very l)a<l. AVe were four weeks on the roiid. 
Tlirce brothers of Air. "Woodley come out the spring liefore. 
Two of th'MH. Abram and Jacol), had settled in Bruce township. 

"It was at Jacob "Woodley 's, near Bnice Center, that we land- 
ed, ]\Iay 15._ 1^.5s. The country at that time was one almost liound- i)iairic. So vast in extent that it was the su]ntosition of the 


I)eoplo for many years that it would iK-ver be settled up. If I mis- 
take not, there were at thai lime twelve families in the township, 
•■omin^' mostly I'vum Ohio and "i'urk -State and settlintr upar the 
tindjer alont: the ereek and around jjiiish (Jiuve, some in little 
1<»;^' cabins, some in dnir-outs or holes in the u:)-onnd. 

'"One man. Mr. Fisk, had Imilt a house. ]2xls. of boards 
hauled from Benton City, twenty-live miles away. X. S. AVarnei- 
had ventured a few miles awa\- into the prairie and lived with his 
family in a loi: cabin Hx8 feet, tniilt over a hole in the ground about 
three feet deep. :\rr. J>rown and Mr. ^arlisle settled in Brush. 
Grove. They were ainong the first in tlie tov>-nship. 

How The To\\x.^:;hif \V.\s X.\:\ikd. 

"Georoe Bnchan, Sr.. a Scotchman cominL;' from Ohio in 
about '55. was one of the lirst to locate in tlie township, and wlio 
had the honor of giving to i1 ihe name Bruce, after the noted Scotch 
orator. Ifoljcrt Brme. who was a personal friend of ]\Ir. Buclian 
bei'ore his lea\ing tiie motliei- country. 

"'After arriving here I at oiice hired out for the season to 
•ludge Treanor at $12.00 per month, working for m>- board throiigli 
the winter. The second season my salaiw v/as increased to -$15.00 
per mouth. That was under -James BuchanaiFs administration, 
which accounts for the extra vauant waires fai-m hands were trettiug 
a1 that time. 

"There are but few remaining at the present time of the old 
settlers of 'bS. Mv. and ]M)'s. Ja'-ob Woodley are still living on the 
same farm they setiled on in lS5i;. Mrs. George Treanor. now liv- 
ing with her daughter. iMiN. Andevsr.n. :\lrs. f.'eo- B.ird'.an. witli 
her son on hei- f;!rm ; Mrs. C. V. Yoinig at Bruce Center. A few 
families that came in the early sixties are still in the neighborhood. 
These old lirst sertlers who arc living have livr-d to see Xhi- most 
marvelous changes ever wrought in any coiuitry. We have lived 
to see land increase in value from .-^^4.00 to $100.00 per acre. Also 
to see those log cabins and dim-outs replaced h\ the finest palatial 
homes to be seen in any farminu: cOiuitry on earth. 

• . AYnoLp: To\\xsiii!' A XFiGHnfjRJioon. • 

"To say that those fir>t settlers weir a social peojiie comes 
far .short of exjufssinir the wliole mea.ninir. Tlie whole town.ship 
was one neigliborliood and it ','.as iiot in tVeip.ienl that Ihev would 


all gather together at some one's cabin of a winter afternoon 
and evening. And say ! John Perkins never forgot to take liis 
liddle. a'ld sneJi nevrr-tu-be-forgotlen music and tripping or th.c 
'light fantastic' on those puncheon tloors ! Sometimes a blizzard 
would come along and the whoh:* company would be co}nperic-d to 
stay al! nigljl. There was al\'.a\s lots of room aiid no rheumatism 
in those days. . ,..■... 


'"J'he wheat crop, which was about all the crop raised in those 
days, was a good crop in '57 and 'oS. but o\ving to excessive rains 
and sultry weathc]' it !)ligh1cd and was a failure. The nearest 
market was Iowa City, when anything would sell for mone\'. The 
Koek Island Kaih'oad liad been built to that point the year before, 
so there was a marlcet 75 miles away. A company of five of us 
with about twcuTy-five lm>>htds apiece started on the 5th of July 
for Iowa City. Camping out wherevo- night overtook us, we 
reached there tin- third night, and on account of a very heavy rain 
we had to stay there two nights. We disposed of our wheat at 41 
cents a bushel and loaded ba<:k with lumber and building material. 
AVe reached home the evening of the eighth day. We often had to 
'double' and son^etimes 'tribble' teams to get tla-ough the .sloughs. 
It was an e.xperien^e not to be forgotten. 

"Another little experience lingers in my memory, and is a trip 
to Vinton on the 7th of January. '50, with a grist of \\-heat to ex- 
change for flour and to bring groceries and also several bunches 
of green oak shingles. On retiuming 1 had to cross Rock Creeic at 
a ffjrdijig jilaee. It was not ['lozcn o\'er sulii'-if nt to bear a t'-.ii;'. 
The ice gave way aiid I was stuek. One of my horses got down 
and I \vas oblJL'red to jJu.nge into thre(^ feet of water to save tlie 
li0)se. It was a cool proposition. I had to carry my load out, get 
jny sled out and load up again. HaJ fe>ur miles to go plodding 
through tlie deep snow and no ti'ack. Only n(»w and then eould I 
see a nuirlv made the da\- before. 1 rode aiul walked as I could stand 
it, boots full of water. I reached home about with both feet 
frozen solid to the ankle joint. I })ut them in eold water till the 
frost was out. Then came the expcrienee that one sehloni forL'cts. 
No doubt but there are many of the old pioneers that could re- 
late similar experieiiees. 'Sir. Burnett made his home with. Dr. 
\Vel)ster for several years before his death, wliieh oecurred about 
th- lOth of Xovemb'-r. ll'dl. 


"Perry AVood came in lSo6 ; he was a brother-in-law of James 
I^ryan. For several years he was mayor of lUairstown, and is fair- 
ly' prospcroiis. h.-iviiiir the a{)j)ear;iriie of oiv on whom the eares of 
life rest lightly. 

"S. TI. Lf-e and J. S. Sterling eanu- irj ]85f). Mrs. Sterling 
was a more than ordinarily attractive lady and Ihinirs looked nice 
abont theii- home. ]\Ir. Sterling is now living in Blairstown at 
the ripe oM age of 82 years. The Lees had no children, at lea.^t 
not while 1 was in the county. Some old settlers could tell some 
good stories on I\Ir. Lee. but my memory is not sufficiently .sure 
to warraiit me to play the role. 

"0. J. Simmons and Thomas and Hiram Miner came in 1S56. 
Mr. Simmons and Hiram ^Finer are here yet. Mr. ^Nfiner lives 
on a fann two miles south of town. Another old settler still here 
is Joseph Haines, who came in ]S55. He had two sons on faiins 
near Blairstowii and one living in tlie village. 

''Over in Kane to\ni.ship. which had jjo name at the time I 
write of, not yet having be(>n organized, the early settlers, like 
thnsi^ of Le Koy and Lnva tov.nships. were neighboj's at Pickaway. 
A. M. Drake was the tirst man 1o build a house in Kane township. 
It was built on S. W. one-quarter section 30. township 84, rani-e 
12. in the spring of 18.14. He did iiot enjoy it very lons", for in 
about a year he died. A yar (U- tv\-o later his v/idow mari-ied Henry 
Van Dyke. I think he was a son of old ^Tr. Van Dyke, who livt-i 
over the Tama line. Old Mr. Van Dyke and a J. V. Heni-y were 
great readers and frequently stopjied at our house to enjoy my 
father's library, which was an unusually good one for the time. 
Mr. Van D\ke took an active part in Kane township and county 
))r»lifics for years. 

'"The second house l)uill in the townshij) was that of E. AV, 
Stoi'ker. built on X. W. onediali section 86. Air. Stoeker still ov.-rs 
the land, allhough for several years a resident of iJlairstown. Air. 
Stocl'.er. a (piiet. ])lain man. making no display, has always be^-n 
one of the n^ost successful and influential men on the Southern 
Slope. He celebrated his eightieth birthday a few years ago at 
which a number of his old cronies, men and women, wej-e present. 
He cnntimics to enjoy fairly good health, and. with his v.-ife. lives 
contented at lUairstown. He has one son and two daughters liv- 
ing. The eldest, AFi-s. (xcore-e Kirk, recently widowed, lives in 
Blairstown; the other dauuhter lives with her hus!)and on the 
ho)ne fai-m, and Jacob, the son. on one of his f.ather's farms in 
I'nion townshij). 


"Soloiaaii Snow, who came to Kane with ]\Ir. Stoeker. was a 
man of mnc-h fjreater pretensions, lie had enjoyed some advan- 
tages and was well informed and ambitious for place, but this he 
never secured. lie died a few years since, after underiroins: an 
operation at Cedar Falls, where he was tenqjoraril}' staying for 
that purpose. 

"This township was organized in 1857, E. AV. Stoeker having 
been appointed commissioner to attend to the matter b}' Judge 
Douglass. "Sir. Stoeker said that Judge Douglass probably thought 
he was a Democrat, from his rough exterior. There were 
ten votes cast at the first election, held in August of 
that year. There were others early in the township. 
The Harrisons and Sheets, who lived two miles west of Stoeker; and 
John and Cy Caholm. who made their home with ^Ir. Sheets, vrho 
was their brolher-in-law, but A\'ere gen'^rally working for some of 
the other settlers. Both of the Caholms nuide cpiite a success for 
a, v/liile ill the profession of law and in business incidental to it, 
but I do not know what their final outcome was. 

"Andy Stein was the first settler in Iowa township. He was 
l)robably one of the first settlers west of the ^Mississippi ; a hunter, 
a trapper, an Indian tradei'. After a varied experience in these 
several vocations, he settled in Iowa township. In what year I do 
not know, but I think that it was in 1859. His house was open to 
all comers ; his hospitability was unstinted. He vs-as a man of large 
intellect and shrewd, but had enjoyed but little education. In 
some way he picked up a remarkable knowledge of the law, and 
knew the 'Code of Iowa' prar-tically by heart. He v\-as successful 
in securing justice for the county, and it was through his un- 
wearied efl'orts that he, more th^ui aiiy other, secured the injunction 
restrai.ning the issue of the $200,000 railroad bonds and thus saved 
the people of the county hund'-eds of thousands of dollars. I'he 
bonds were to luive drawn ten per cent i^iterest, and it is 
enough for the people of l^enton to see what a load the taxpayers 
of to-day would have hanging over them except for the earnest 
efforts of this neglected and forgotten old settler. He made sev- 
eral efforts to obtain from the county the amount of expenses in- 
curred and some renumeration for the labor i:iven to this end, but 
to no purpose. Finally, tlirough the efforts of Jacob Springer, an 
appropriation of $100 was made hivx by the board of supervisors 
for a bridire more or less imaginary. An a})propriate nionument 
to the mcnioi'v of Andv Stein is due from the t-ountv for haviuL: 


saved it from practie-ally l^anknipU-y. or the people a million or 
more dollars in taxi\-^. 

"A t"amil\' of Uuinus si'ttleil eiirly and hiid out a town. Gaiun- 
vilie. a feu miles otV in the Iowa valley, near where Belle I'lciine 
now stands. The ^.-hief one amontr them was }lyr(-anus, a tall, fine- 
looking fellow witli tl'.e air arjt-l breeding of n [rentlemau. A ]\Ir. 
Trueblood was quite a man amonu; the early settlers. Two of his 
daughters live south of P>elle Plaine. Squire Dan Coder, leading 
Democrat. His sou. I^hil. was county treasui'er after his return 
from the army, and the G. A. K. at Vinton is named in honor of his 
memory. Jolui Travis, another. His son. Jeff, keeps a livery in 
Helle Plaine. 1^.. F. Kelley, a capitalist, father-in-law of Doe. 
Worth, well known in Vinton, Avho blo.ssomed out as an attorney, 
became so much the terror of delinquent debtors that he gained 
the name of 'I'rairie Wolf.' 

"A little later many others eame to ttie township named. In 
Union the i^.arrys might well In- iiamed; some of tlie sons art:- jraiong 
the best people of the count.v. In lov.a there were 'Mr. Hutton. who 
came over from West Irving in Tam;i and v\-as one of the founders 
of Belie Plaine; !Seth Price, for years a leading business mati and 
Pepublican politician. In Le Poy were John Kellar, who came 
froin Johnson Coinity ^vith the Howards, of whom there were 
several, and who left many descendants. S(iuire Lunone, a man 
of prominence and successful in business. Forty years, fifty years. 
is a lung while to keep in memoiy names and events, and it is more 
than likely that there are erroi's of omission, if not of commission. 
in the narrative. 

"As near as I ca7i recall the general undei'slaiuling of the farts 
at the time, Thomas Keeijaii. Pafick Kelliy. .Andy Pyan and John 
Rirb.v were the lirst perTuanent settlers in I'nion township; they 
came, entered land and l>uill (-abins in }>^7i4. Others caine v/ith 
Ihem. the Burkes, the Cunniiins a.nd some v.-liose names I do not 
recall. They were pooi-. tliough .some of them luid teams and a few 
head of cattle, which they had accunnilated in a .vear or two's resi- 
dence in Illinois. Thomas Keenaij. ti> all outward apjiearanee. had 
more propert.\' than any of the others. 

"John Kirby was the largi-st landholder, havintr 400 acres. ]Mr. 
Kirby claimed to i)e the riuhtfnl ownei- of C'astle Kirby and a s^n-eat 
estate thereto belonging aia.l appertaining. His face bore inarks of 
having gone throuirh serious broils, but he wa.s widely read and 
hiij-ljl,\' intelli'jeiit. His rhildieii Were esperialix' bricrht. Ht' hist 
his bov. which Lri'ie\-ed him grea11,N': one of his (huuihters. one of 


a pair of twius, also died. The other twin married Jerry Lynch 
and some years after his death married tlie h'.te John Shane. The 
two other g'wls married two brothers named Early, inlilliyent and 
thrifty yonnt: feUows, now wealthy men in Chicago. T believe 
that Mrs. Shane, too. rt-sides in Chicago. One of ]\Ir. Keenau's 
daughters was married to Mii:-hael Smith, wlio was one of the best 
informed men in the township and had a very creditable knowl- 
edge of busines,s acquired as deputy clerk of Cook eoimty. 
Illinois. lie was for years a leading man in the township. Another 
married a IMr. Cunnuins — I can't recall his name, but he was a man 
of Ijusiness and nuide a success of life. 1 mention these two. al- 
though I do not see any reasoji to leave out the daughtei', who mar- 
ried ]Mr. AFcCormick. or the other children. Only that I cannot give 
a family history of all the early settlers. 

"Patri<-k Kelley I have already montioned; the gt-nial old 
soul should have a biography of himself alone. His children v.-ho 
are all playing important parts in the busy life of their several 
communities, might have one written by a hand com})etent to do 
the venerable pioneer justice. 

"Some of the early comers were able to enter only a forty- 
acri^ tract. One of the Burkes was one of those, I think it was Tim. 
It is worth recording, as he became one of the wealthier farmers in 
this section of the county. Others followed in 1855-6-7. Among 
those added to the Irish settlement was ]*.Ir. Tomey. Considering 
the opportunities they most of trie women were good cooks 
and fairly good housekeej^ers. but ]Mrs. Tomey was a model for any 
honse oi- coimtry. The Tomey cabin was always a picture of neat- 
ness f*nd order. There was an air of refinement and. cultivated 
taste in and about the house v.hich indicated early fa\'orabie as- 
sociation and environment. They had a son and daughter, John and 
M;ii'y, tine i-liildi-rn. but I do not know to ^vllat extent fortune smiled 
upon or ncglet-ted them, aftor they passed from under the parr-ntal 

'*For several years there but one Rcpnl.ilican vote cast 
in Union township. I regret tlie fact that the n.ame of the fore- 
sighted gentleman who cast it has slipj^ed my memory. The or- 
ganization of 1he township v,-as effected. I think, in 1859, though 
that is a ntatter of record: but [.rior to the organi/atinn the vot- 
ing was done at the polls in Ee ]\oy tov.-nsliip. 


Polk Towxsirip. 

"Polk townsliip is one of tin- vnrly p-iouoer settlements that is 
deservin^ir of speeial mention. Settlemeiits wei-c formed there 
in the early forties. The n'osl we ean do is to mention a lev.- 
Oi the early pione^-rs who are still alivf and live in the township 
at this time. Many of the early i)ioneers who snlTored the 
privations of that day. have irone to their lon^- reward and their 
bodies are at rest in the Urbana cemetery and the headstones tell 
the tale of their early settlemejit. 

"AYe have but a few of ilie early pioneer families, among whom 
are the following: A. Y. 'J\-iylor eame to Polk township vrith his 
parents in 1853 when he was nine years old. lie is still h.ale and 
hearty. A. A. Fetherkile was born in tlie township in the early 
fifties. His parents eame to the toM-nshij> in the early fifties. Three 
Mossman families settled in tlie towjiship in 1854. Ilngh, Franeis 
and William, and some of their descendants ajo stiil living in tluU 
township and Yinton. Ihtyh was the fathei- of James and B. F. 
]\[ossman, who are still in the county. Franeis has no de- 
seendants living in lov\a. William was the father of Mrs. J. L. 
Tinkham, who is living in A'inton. and A. P. Mossman. who is stiil 
living in tliat tov.nship. John Bryson .-ind ^^'ife, who are still liv- 
ing, settled in the township ijj 1848. Henry Todd, who is still 
living, also settled in the township in 1848. IMrs. Sarah J. Fulton 
setthd with her husband in the tov.-nship m 1855. Sam Pn'oJy, who 
is still living, was bom in the townsliip and is ])ast sixty ycar-s old. 
He is of tlie same family as Stephen. AVilliam. Jolni, Alex, and 
Henry, and all of them are still living in the towiiship. Mrs. ]Ma- 
linda Pockhart llouser. who is now 58 year.-; oM, was b-.ri] in the 
township and is still living there. John Ro\ise. who is still living, 
settled in the township in 1348." 



Rlildino of the Fikst Heal Bridge — Daily Stage Co.mmuxi- 
CATiox — Steamboat Era, 185S-1860— Doixgs of the Steamer 
" Export"- -I^jECO-Me.s the "])Lack I-jawk" — Last Trips op the 
"Black Hawk" — Early State Koaps in I^ex'tox County — Rail- 


• — Bextox CorxTv's Xoriherx Road — Irox Horse Trots Ixto 
ViXTOX — I'kaxch Wp's'i' From Yixtox. 

The i-<)ii'4iletiui'i of the first In'idye across the Cedar river, at 
Viiilou, June 27, 1857. and the abandonment of the old ferry, whieh 
had been used for five years, marked the first slep in really sub- 
stantial proji'ri^ss toward iriving' tlie people of Benton fop.nty fair 
means of connnnuieation with their neigh1)ors and transportation 
for tiicir <.roods and farn.i i)rodncts. It eost $8,000, and was a toll 
bridge, but the charges were no higlier than tlie usual ferr\- rates, 
and the villagvi-s proudly j-reened their l"eathers, as— "ours is, a1 
the present time, we l)elieve, the only bridge now completed across 
the Cedar above Cetiar R<ipids." 



It is true that the Icijisl.-iture had ]u-u\ ided for state roads as 
early as 1^47, and had also dechired tiie Red Cedar river a naviga- 
ble stream \vorthy of being improved by eonfrress; but the iniprove- 
mont, both e)f roadways and \\aterways, liad been largely conllned to 
suggestions of what should be done. But the building of a sub- 
stantial bi'idgv brought practical men to tlie front, who had well 
defined ideas about steam! h cits and stag(^s and also those who were 
bef(U'e their times in the building of railroads. That $8,000 bridge 
was a ])lain notice Vip.ton and lienton county were in tiie race 
for western development aiul waiited t(^ get in toucli with every- 


thiiii]: that was iroing on. The first crossing of a team was safely 
made on .Saturday, June 27, 187)7. 

In November, 1856", a eonstruction company was oi-<raiiiz(>d ei'>m- 
posed of J. C. Traer. J. E. Palmer, J. W. Fiikins, John ^lason. J. S. 
lIuTit and others, and in tlie following- Jamuiry a license was 
</raiited to tjie X'inton Bridire Company (.Mr. Traer, pre.sidei]!) 
to ercci the hridire at tlie north end of Main sti'eet. As cumpleted, 
it was 4()2 feet long, the su}»erstincturc resting on eight piers, each 
composed of sixteen piles driven twelve feet into the bed of the 
rivei'. There was a clear i-)assa'ie-way of sixteen feet. but. as 
became forcibly evident, due allowance had not been made for am- 
bitious captains with cabined steamboats. The structure remained 
a toll bridge until 1862. vrhen it was sold to the county. One of 
its spans was swept aA\;iy l)y higli water in 1SG5, and" soon after- 
ward it M'as taken down. 

Daily St.\ge Co^[.ML'xicATfox. 

Since the spring of 1855, Vinton had enjoyed daily stage com- 
iruniication with Oedar Kapids and in Janiuu'y. 1856, the AYestern 
Stage Company put on a daily line of fourdiorsf^ coaches between 
Io\\a City and Cedar Falls via Vinton. A line was also run be- 
tween Cedar Rapids and Cedar Falls 1)V John AVeare. Jr.. these 
means (J' connriuni'-ation and transportation forestalling her rail- 
roads of the later days. The Western Stage Coi]]pan>' disposed of 
its ronte in July 1S61, about the time that the Cedar Rapids and 
^Mi.ssouri River Railroad (now Chicago and Northwestern) was 
comj)leted through the southei-n part of the county, ^ia Blairs- 
t(i\M) and I>el]>:- Rlaine. 

By 1862 Vinton and the i-oinuy liad oulgi-o\vn the s\-stem of 
toll l)ridge.s— arivlhing that iui]>eded fi-ce communication witli the 
outer \\()rld and ^n'nei'ai pro<ji'ess of the commnnit.\' was to be re- 
moved. Timer the agitati(^n for a free bridge acripss the Cedar 
river, which i-esulted in the {jurchase of the toll affair by the county. 
during the later part of 1862. aiid throwing it open to the public 
tratl'ic — ^''free, gratis, for nothing." The A\ooden bridge of 18G7. 
the ends of which rested on wooden al)utnumt.s luade of piles, be- 
canu' so decayed and unsafe by the spring of J 876 that an iron 
structure was completed in thai by the Clinton Bridge Com- 
j>any at a cost of $20,000. Its abulnient.s were of course constructed 
of stone. .Six years before the liurlington, Cedar Rapids and Min- 
nt^sota Road had built its 1.500 ft. bridire over the Cedar river — 


the largest which spanned that stream — and trains had biaii rnn- 
ning for a nnniber of years throuudi the northern part of the 
connty over what is now the Chii'-ai!:o. Rdek Isl;ind and ]'aciiie s\'s- 

Bnl before tlie railroads came to stay llie steamboats Jiad to 
liave tlieir little day on Cedar river. 

" ' The Steamboat Eka, 185S-1860. 

The shallowness of Cedar river so limited tlie usefulness of 
steamboat navi.tration that the excitcm(Mit and trials of that i)eriod 
covered less than two years of time. The "'Black Hav/k" (alias 
"Expo)'t''), which was the iirst and oidy representative of this 

means of transportation, drew ei'^'hteen inches of wati^r except 

during the low stages of snmnaer and autumn, when she "stuck," 
or was laid up until a heavy rain came. 

Doings of the Steamer '"Export." . • . 

The steamer '"ExpoT-t." which was built at Cedar liapids b>' F. 
SmiHi and C'>m]iany, in the summer and fall of 1S5S. was one hun- 
dred feet \n length, nineteeii feet beam, and two and a half 
feet hold. The engine was sixty horse-power, three feet stroke and 
nine inch cylinders; the lioiler twelve feet long, and the side wheels 
twelve feet in diameter. While the boat was in process of building 
notice was served on the Vinton Bridu:e Company, requiring that 
eor})oration either to construct a suitable draw or abate the bridge 
which was claimed to obstruct navigatioii. in violation of the legis- 
lative pronuneiamento Avhieh declared \h'- lied Cedar river a luiv- 
igal)le stream. 

The "Export" arrived at \'int<in Octoi)er 2, 1S58. at high 
noon on lier trial trip to AVatei'loo. Sh<' Avas received at the bank 
landing by a delegation of citizens and a slmuting crowd of school 
children, \\hile a loud-moutlied In-ass, cannon, also in the foreground, 
added emphasis to the importance of the occasion. The ordinance 
was not quite eijual to its duties, as it shed one of its r-ings, "vrhieh 
struck ^Iv. A. K. Webb, causing ([uite a serious injury---" but "we 
are happy to learn he is ra|ndl\' recovering." An anvil salute also 
was a feature of the reception. After discharging a portion of her 
sixty-ton cari/o. the ''E\i)oi't" |u-oceeded on her way to Waterloo 
without further incident. As she had no cabin above deck, at this 
time, she had no trouble in pa.ssing; uniler the Vinton bridge. 


Becomes the "I^eack Hawk." 

Hefort; the se;«son elosod tlie "Export" made four rouiifl tnp^ 
between Cedar Rapids and Waterloo, via Vinton, hut in the sprintr 
of 1S59 shi- rliariired ownei-ship. \vas overhauled, repainted and 
ehristenec] "P,laek Hawk." A eabin was also built above deck. The 
first trip of that season began at Ccnhir Ra])ids .Mareh 16th. -.nrh 
J. J. Snouft'er, master and eler'k; \V. D. Watruns, mate; Thomas 
Stanley, engineer, and AV. Vance, pilot. Captain Snoutfer. an- 
ticipating trouble with the Vinton Bridge Company on aecount of 
the "Black Hawks 's" new c;ibin. had shipj)ed an extra force of 
men and pi'ovided them with ropes and tackle, with orders to tear 
douTi the bridge in case he could not pass under it. Under ih-i 
.circumstances, that corporation Iniew that the ]^_'d Cedar river wa? 
being obstructed, in violation of law, and Captain .SuoutTer and 
his men vrere not obliged to adopt violent measures. Instead, the 
"Black Hawk" triumphantly passed through one of the spans 
of t})e bridge which had been raised hy its owners. As there w-ere 
several cargoes of goods aM'aiting shipment from Vinton, the boat 
did not visit Waterloo until tlie accumulation liad been removed. 

The Benton Cuintfij Dtinocrat notes the arrival of the steamer 
thus, in its issue of :\hnvh IfJth: "Tiie new steamer 'Black 
Hawk' arrived at our irlmrf on Thursday, mornincr with 
freight and passengers from Cedar Rapids. She retunird 
the same day with one thousand sacks of corn. Ilor triDs 
will not be extended above Vinton until the large amount of grain 
in .store is shipped off. Caj,tain Snouffer commands the 'Black 
Hawk.' and under his majiajrement the boat will lose no time. 
Furllier improvements will be made on the landing as 
soon as the weather will peiinit." Two young men were left 
behind in Vinton on this trip and the Oemocrat truly sympathizes 
with them: "How they are to get to Cedar Rapids, they 
await the return of the boat is a rpiestion yet to be decided, as the 
roads are in .such bad condition that no kind of vehicle can be go: 
throu-h." A little illustnd ioj) of the drawbacks of these times, 
which wi're not really pionecj- either ! • . -, • ■ .) • 

IjAst Trips of ti[e "Black Hawk." 

The first three trips of the "Black Hawk'' appeared most 
encouraging. She brought to Vinton fortv tons of freij,dit and took 


iiway. in prodiu-r. al)oiit four IniiHlrcd. DuriTur the season of 1859 
she made twenty-nine round trips, one of Cnptain Suoutler's eon- 
signiueut.s l)einii' forty barrels of \vhisl;ey for ]^artit'S m AVaterloo, • 
whieli cost six dolhirs pei- barrel (h'livered. But the uncertainties 
of the trafiic induced the o\viu-rs of the '"lUaek Ifawk" to sell it in 
tlie fa)!, and a pi'i'iod was })ul 1o steaiuboating on the Cedai', as a 
eonnnerrial f;i<-tor, in the spring of 18G0. The steamboat passed 
Vinton on her first trip of that season, on Tuesday, March 13th, 
returninjj; on tht- fojlowinu' eveninp;. Thursday morning she left 
for Cedar Kapids with a small load of grain, as the river was very 
low, and it was strded by lln^ D( imx rat "she v.-ill not probably eome 
u]-) again nntil we have r-ain to raise the river.'' The season of 1860 
settled the fate oi the ■"Black llawk," as it was a sueeession of 
gi'oundings and lay-npf^. 

The bo;it was taken to the lower AFissi^sipid and, during the 
Civil war, weid to pieces by running into an obstruction near ^Nlem- 
phis, Tennessee. 

Earlv Statk T»(>a[)s ix Bentox County. 

Section 5 of "An act for laying out and establishing certain 
roads therein named." appi-oved l"el»ruary 18. 1847, appointed 
dames Leyerich, of Biiui count)'. Charles Caidonwine, of Benton, 
and AVilliam Hunt, of Bh\ck Hawk county, commissioners to lay 
out and cstabiisji a State !(jad. bcLiinning at Cedar Rapids; thence 
to or near the house of Mi-. Straw n. in Linn county; thence to the 
county seat of fk-nton ; thence to the Falls of the Cedar. 

By act ap])i-oved-Februaiy 2o. 1S4T, E. B. Spencer, Samuel ^l. 
Locldutrt, and Y\'illiani l;.!ls. were apy-jiiited <-onunissione]^ to 
estnbiisli a Stale i-oad ir.mi the county seal of Benton county to 
Quas(}uelon. IVuchanan county. 

Section 10 of "An ad to lo'-ate and establish certain roads." 
a[)proved February o. 18.")1, appointed -lames Allenworth, of Linn, 
dolm Alexander, oi Benton, and David S. Pratt, of Black Hawk, 
to locate and establish a State i-oad from Center Point to ^farys- 
\ille, lienton count.v; llienci- 1)y the resi<lenee of James Mrden to 
the P>ig Y'oods, via dohu 11. .Alessinger "s. to T-iice's old trading 

Section 20. of the same act. appointed \Yilliam AVilliams, of 
Muscatine, Isaac Cook, of Linn, ;ind dohn Royal, of 15enton. to 
locate a State road from Cedar Rapids, via Fremont (Vinton), in 
Benton to Fort Clarke. 

Vol. I--0 


Sectidu 45 appointed Ramncl C. Trowbrid.ue. of .lohn-on. 
Andrew B. Stephens, of Henton. and C. C. SJo.'uin. of Iowa .-oiinty. 
to loeate a Stale road from ]\rarenLro to Foii Clarke. 

Section 30 of "An act in relation to eerlain State roads th^-r-^in 
named." apju-oved Jamiary :>'J. 185:-!. appointed Ceovi^re w. V.^r-ss. 
of :\Iai'shall.- David F. Bruner. of Tanja. and A. D. Stephens, of 
Beniun. to locate a State road from A. D. Stepliens' to the soT^th- 
east eorner of Hardin county. 

Section 49, of the same act, appointed E. A. Brown, of 
Hawk, Jolm Blunt, of Chielcasaw. and AY. (". Stanberry. of Ikat-'n. 
to locate a State road from J'^remont to Waterloo; thence to John H. 
:\ressing-er\s. in Bremer count .\- ; thence to llradford. in Chi/k- 
asaw couiity. 

Section 1 of '"An act to establish certain State roads.'' £^,;>- 
proved Jannary 24. ISoo. appoiiilcd dames T^. Kelsey ajid Thoraas 
B. Stone, of Linn, and Harrison Bristol, of Benton, to loeato a 
State road from Cedar Rapids via Bear Creek :\Iill Yinton and 
Waterloo, to Cedar Falls. 

Section J2. the same act. appointed Andrew Stein, of Benton. 
John Ptoss and David Briiner, of Tama, to locate a State road from 
Cedar Kapids to Toledo. 

Section 0. of "An act in relation to State roads."' approved 
Januaiy 28. 1857. appoint<u.l (Yv^-sley) Whipple, of Benton. Jar.ies 
Barclay of Black Hawk, and Thomas B. Talbot, of Fayette, to 
locate a State road from Yinton, via Barclay. Fairljank and L:-n. 
to West Union. 

Section 12, of the same act. appointed F. A. Mor.^an. of Kt-n- 
knk, ]\Iartin l->allard. of Iowa, and S. P. Pri<-,\ of Benton, to lo.-ate 
a Strife road fj'om Siizourney. via Millersiuu'i.:-. Genoa BlufTs and 
Kosta. to Yinton. 

^ •' ' ■' ., ., -. ■■■. 


When the "Black Hawk'" was taken uiY the Cedar i-iver sur- 
veys had ah-eady been made by the ("edar Hai)ids and Missouri 
River Railroad and construction liad comnnnenced thrciug-h the 
sonthern townsln'ps of Benton county toward Council Blutis. by 
way of Blairstown and Belle Plaine. 

It was the belief in the late tiftics. Yititon would obtain 
railway service tin-duuh the Cedar valley liranch of the Cliica£r>». 
Iowa and Xebc;iska Railroad and in April. 1857. by a vote of iloS 


to 167, tlio citiziciis; of the county authorized a subscription of $150, 
0(^0 in stock of tlic conipaiiy to forwat'd the (enterprise. In paynieut 
the county was to issue t\vi-iity-\eai' bonds, Ijcai'ing ten pei- eent in- 
terest. Tint l)ef()re the ])i,)nds could b'' prf'pared A. D. Stei)hens, a 
li'ood cons(jrvat)ve citizen wiiu foiesjiw 1]ie magnitude of the pro- 
p')sed fuiaiici.d burden, iiled a petition in the district court at lo'wa 
City for a Avrit of injunction restraining' the county from issuing 
tliem. lie was successful, and saved the county from assuming 
the payment, in twenty yeais of $150,000 in principal and $300,- 
(H)0 in interest. Diu'ing the pi-evious year (1856) tlie proposition 
to issue $250,000 in Ijonds to aid that e7iterprise met with such 
public opposition that Jndue J)onalass withdrew his order calling 
for a special elei-tion to vote upon it. 

First 1^\ilico.\d for Soitii Slopf:. 

Tlie oi'iginal surveys of the Cedar Tfciinds and ^Missouri River 
Kaih'oad Company were from Ce(hir Ka])ids to Sioux City, via Vin- 
ton, but. as stated, the line \vas finally constructed to Council 
Bluffs, via Blairstov>n and V^<'Ui:' l*laine. and was held to be some- 
what of a victory for the South Sloi'>e. 

Bf:xtox CorN'iv's N'oirriiERX IvOad. 

In 1SG5 the Cedar Kapids and St. I'aid Compciny was oi-gauized 
<it Cedar Kajiids, and agreed to build a line through Benton county 
by way of A'inton for the sum of $75,000 and swamp lands valued at 
$15,000. Three yeai's afterward the franchise of the company, and 
a small anjc-riut of uradin^' I'oi' a road be;.!, became the j)i'0perty of 
tiie liurlington. Cedar Ha})ids and Minnesota Railroad, the office/'s 
of which were: George (ireeu. president; Charles ^lasou, vice 
president; B. i\r. Green, secretary; and J. AV. Traer. general agent. 
I'nder this management woi'k was puslied to such good purpose 
that in November, lbtj9. the tirst train ai-rived at Shellsburg. from 
Cedar Rapids, and on tlie li'th of the foll(v»\-ing month Vinton cele- 
brated the event in a series of (piite elaborate functions. 

Thr Vi)itoii Eiu/Jc fi. recasts tlie grand celebration in the follow- 
inir. pulilislied O-tolt-r 21). ^><GU -. ""W^e learn from good authority 
Ihat the railroad brid>:e at the Cedar river crossing will he com- 
pleted by thi^ first of next weelc. and that a montli will ])robably 
show us the ii'on horse in ^'inton." Then comes a lettei* from TTon. 


J. AY. Traer, written from Cedar Rapids. lie was a's.sistnnt sup- 
erintendent of the so('(_>nd divi.sion of the road, covering Benton 
and Linn conntie.s, and wi.slicd to j>i\e the people of Viutcui some 
idea of liie magnitude of the pi-o.jeet — and did so in detail — expand- 
ing esj)eeially on the 1.500 feet bridge over the Cedar, river, the 
larg(>st ov(>r tliat stream. A. Si)au!diii;,, of A'iulon. had charge of 
the tieing. ''AYith reasonably fair weather.'' lu' writes. '"1 feel 
strong eonfideru-e that we will greet you with the snort of the iron on the first of VJeeember. I may here .say that two of our 
engines. 1he 'James F. Ely' and the 'William Greene.' have arrived, 
and Ave ar<? using the 'Ely' in eunstniction. They are from the 
well knovni llim-kley and AYilliams works. Boston, and our engin- 
eer pronounce them splendid with Messer and Ellingberg in ihe 
cab and Capt. Ed. Colter as eonductor on the train with his gentle- 
manly assistant, ^lartin. a1 ^the brakes, we fetd tliat we can invite 
our fi'iends s0(^n to a pleasant and sa.J'<' ride.'' 

In NovtMiiber tlie uood jx'ople of Shellsburg eelebi-.ded the ar- 
rival of the excursion train from Cedar Ixapids in the hall used 
by the r\rason.s and Odd Fellows. Two hundred aTid fifty good eit- 
izens and citixenesses were in the bancjuet room, and the Burli^i^r- 
ton. Cedar Kapids and .Minnesota was toasted and re-toasted. Hon. 
d. AV. 'i'raer iiivited all to ihe A'intou celebration, and all assured 
him of their presence. 

Iron Trots into Yintox. 

The progress of tlie la^t two mil>''< of track building into Vin- 
ton is thus described by the Eanh : "One week ac^o yesterdriy 
(Deeeinber Till) the track l;<yers on the P>. C. 1\. &, Al. 1\. R. had 
readied a point about two miles from town, just east of the Poi'r 
Farm. The geutu-al impression then was that the track would be 
bud to. the dei^ot •rroiuids in tlie corpoiation limits by Friday even- 
ing last. Some delays and bad weather were experienced which 
}>rfvented this and again oy.stei- bets were i-eiu^Aved as to the exact 
time when we shoidd be numbered ame)ng the railroad towns of 

"AUmday morning we triulged down to Mud Creek, hearing 
that the track pi-ogressed a few rod.s west of tlie bridge at that 
point. AVhen we arrived at the ground we were at some loss to 


know how jiiany hands the company employed, for citizens of all 
ajie.s antl sizes were getting' in tlu- way in iianu-nse numbers — it 
set-med jls throuyh the whole town had taken a loafing day to see the 
trar-klaying. Monday night the track was at the cut north of 
Simti's residence. Tuesday noon the work on the main track wa.s 
eompkttid so far as to allow the construction to liack down west 
of Young and Utley's elevator, and at 12:30 1*. I\[. (December 
14lh) the first regular train came into Vinton, consisting of an 
engine and eleven cars. A great many of our citizens were on the 
grou.nd. but no formal })nblii- demonstration was attempted, as it 
was known that morning that a regnilar train would be up as soon 
as the last spike was driven. We doubt not. however. tluU the grat- 
ification of tliose j>resent \\as just as hearty as though it had been 
given expression, and it was certainly a glad day to those of us 
who realize what it means to S(^c a locomotive standing in the streets 
of Vinton — it means triumph over difticulties. '' 

The banquet and formal cdeln-ation took place at the College 
for the Blind, the toa.sts and sj»eeches being givcTi in the nuisie hall 
of that institution. Leading professional and business men were 
})resent from Cedar Rapids. Biairstowji. Belle Plaine Shellsburg. 
"Waterloo. Independence. Toledo, and Cedar Falls — one hundred 
and fifty in all accomodated liy tlircc fars loaned by the Chicago 
and Xorthwestern. Hon. .Janes Chapin, senator from ]3enton 
county; Capt. S. L. Dows, of Cedar Hapids; lion. J. \V. Traer. of 
Vinton and oth-^rs vrere prominent ainonu' the speech makers — and 
early in the morning of Deceml)er 22d the festivities became history. 
The first regular train from Vinton to Dysart. Tama county, started 
from the forniei- cilv at 11 :30 a. m.. December the ^Otli. 

' ■ Branch VrEs;v Fhom Vinton. .■ ,. 

The Buriiiieton. Cedar Rapids and ^Minnesota Raih'oad made 
tlie survey for a bi-anch road west from Shellsburg. through the 
central pait of tlse county. Canton, Big Grove and 
Ilomei- townshi])s voting a tivc per cent tax to aid in its cou- 
sti'ui-tion. It has since been h.ld that this move was a "bluff" — 
and that it woi-ked to a (-harm. At all events it so stirred Vinton 
to activity that she voted a bomis of $20,000 to have the branch 
road start from her. • The aiudimt was paid and the road built in 
l''^72. It \'>;is fiircclosed in ls7"> aiid the following year w<,is pur- 


chased by the Burlinirtoii, Cedar Rapids and Xorthern Railroad ar.d 
is now a part of the Rork Island system. A substantial passenger 
depot was completed at Vinton in February, 1900. 

Cjucago, ^Milwaukee and St. Pacl R.ulkoaij. 

The rhicago, ^lilwaukee & St. Paul Railroad surveyed a line 
through Benton county in 188], via Shellsburg, and the townships 
through wliich it was expected to run again voted a tax for its con- 
struction. Jn 1882 the road was run through the tier of townships 
further .south. Fremont, Eldorado, T'nion and Kane, with New- 
hall. A'an llorne and Keystone as its stations. 

The Kansas City di\nsion of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. 
Paul Railroftd passes through the extrc.-me southeastern corner of 
the county, having "Walford as its station. 

In all pi-oliabi'iity the next link in the chain of communication 
binding tiie various tionri.slnng towijs and cities of Benton county 
will be an interurban line or system connecting Vinton with the 
South Slope. Several attemjils to efVect this have fallen through 
within the past few years. On June IH. 1902. articles of incorpora- 
tion were fih^d of the Vinton, Belle Plaine and Independence 
Interurl>an T'oinjian}'. TliC' iilan v\-as to touch eithci- Urbana or 
P>randon on th.e north, and Van Ilorne and Keystone, on the way 
south to In'lle Plaine. The iiicor])orators were ]\Iatt Gaasch. Georcre 
-McElroy a)id John Loron/. of \'iuton, and Arthur R. and Charles 
S. Jones, of Chii-ago. ^luch the same scheme was revived in ^Vlarch. 
1905: when the Iowa Valley Interurban Railway Company was in- 
corpora.ted by the following Belle Plaine citizens: George W. Voss. 
pi-esidcnt : Thomas F. ]\nu'-py. vi^e president; AV. A. .M-ill, treas- 
urer: and 11. R. Alosnat. se.-reun-y and, manager. The survey was 
made ],\- Prof. F. C. French, of tlie Iowa State College, the capital 
stock of the comj.iany \\a> \oted at $100,000, and the enterprii-e 
promised to materialize. Vmt the fear that tiie county was not sutri- 
ciently f)oj)iilated to Mippv>rt su^-h an enteri)rise got the upper hand 
of those who couhl plainly- s' e the ad\antages of a north and south 
line of transportation. lUit it is liomnl to come; and the time is 
not far in the future. 



I By jA.\iKS F. Tk.vkr. ^"' 

The Old Traer Bank Book — Jamp:s C. Tpaer — Baxks as Poli- 
tical Centers — I^elle ]*j.aixe Banks — Vjxton's Oldest Bank, 
Farmers" National — The Haij^erts. Shellsburg Bankers — Citi- 
zen's Bank, Belize Blaine— Corn Belt Savings Bank, Belle 
Plajne — Farmers' National ]1\xk, Vinton — State Bank ok Vin- 
ton — Vlxton Savings J:)AXK — Peoples' Savixg Bank, Vixton — 
Peoi'Les Savings Bank, Shellsburg — Bextox County Savings 
Bank, Norway— Atkins Savings Baxk — Urbana Savings Bank- 
Farmers Saving I>ank, Walford — First National Bank, Nor- 
way — ]Mt. Auburn Savings Bank — Luzerne Savings Bank — 
Presi:nt Condition oi- Banks. 

The fii'.st records of banking in I'.eijtou eoiinly are still iu exis- 
tence between the well-vroru leatlier covers of an old-fashioned day- 
book which is usually deposited in the safe of the Vinton Saving's 
Bank and jealously guarded by the son of the late Dv. J. C. Traer, 
who opened his private institution to thr public on the 31st of Jan- 
uary. ]8.jG. Vrith George and William Greene, of Cedar Rapids, as 
pai'tners. he then established the private bank which he conducted, 
with different associates, until 1882. 

The Old Traicr Baxk Book. 

Tlie tirst part of thi.s pioneer business book covers the period 
from July 5th to Christraas of 1855. and relates to Dr. Traer 's 
general store whieh he sold to Thomas S. Palmer at the latter date. 
A week afterward, as .'Stated, lie embarked in the pioneer banking 
venture of Benton eounty and, as shown by his entries of January 
•Slst, laiuiehed into tlie tinancial world under the following auspiees: 

J. C. Traer. , . . ■- , . 

By paid expenses $ 27.07 

Interest by Cash .15 

Bills l^tyable ■ " ' $1574.20 




By Febriiar\- (j. IbniJ, tlic cash oi) hand of the new bank had 
i-eachod the total of .f'?83s. and lje)iti^.n county finances were fairly 
under way. 

Tin- hist entry iji the old Ti-.u-r bank liook is dated Oetober 15. 
1.S5U (AVechu'sda.x ^ and after it, is made the annotation with per- 
hap.s an air of satisfaction, if not of pride: "J- C. Traer tocky 
elected Iiepnl»li<.-an candidate fo)- deleg-ate to the constitutional con- 
vention, to meet tlie third ^londay in January, 1857, to revL^e the 
.state constitution."' From the oriianization of the Republican 
party in that year until his death July ], ]89S. Dr. Traer was a 
stalwart Kepublican, and, as snc/i, served in the eorLslitutional con- 
vention noted, and as ])Ostrnaster. idderuian and ]na>"or of the citv 
of Vinton. 

James C. Traer. 

James 0. Traer was born in Ivnux counly. Ohio, on the 7rh 
of Sei)temi)ei-, 3 825; receivt;u a common school education and 

mastered the tanner's trade 
before he moved to West-Lib- 
erty. ]\Iuseatine county, Iowa, 
in 1845. Tliere he commenced 
to read' medicine with Dr. 
Hcni-y ^Tercdith. and in 18-18 
lo(;ited in ('otlar }\apid..s. His 
marriaire to ^Miss 3Iarcia "W. 
Ferguson occ-iirred in tliat 
place .\'o\i'inbvi- 4. 184h. aiul 
his ad\cni to Vinton dates 
fi-om An-us! li). 1851. He 
practir.'d medicine iioth in 
Cedar li'apids and Vinton, be- 
iuLT. in fact, the first resident 
physician in the latter place, 
rpojj comini^" to Vinton he 
pui'chased a sinall frame build- 
ing for a family re.sideuce. but 
in 1855 built the brick house in 
which he lived for the remainder of his life, and whic-h at the time 
of its (-rection was consider.'d (juite imposiiiL:-. In 1858. two years 
after the estaltlishmenl of ihe bank, he was admitted to tlie bar. 


dropprnl his inedicfil ))i-;icti<T. jiiui rontiiiiied in this line of profes- 
sional Avoi-k. in (-onncrtion with iiis Ijiisincss iiiul bankint: activities, 
until failing health forced him to rdiie. For many years he also 
operatt-d a fine stock farm south of Vinton. He Avas a eitizen of 
stronp- and Innsest eharactei-, and assisted in buildin^^ up the eity 
and eonnty in a variety of ways, and his dr-ath at Vinton in 1898 
was the cause for wide-spread and sincere mournin.u'. The eldest 
of his eicrht children, "Williajo ^L Traer, is said to have been the 
first white child born in \'inton (Tday 2J, ISoL'). and was associated 
Vv'ith him in the ba.nking business for many years, lie is now a res- 
ident of Cliieago. James F. Traer, the seventh child in order of 
Itirth., has been cashier of the A'inton Savings Bank siiu^e its orsan- 
i/.ation in 1000. 

Banks A>^ PoTJTJCA.L (■'ext?:rs. 

Later in the year 1856. after the estalilishmcnt of the Traer 
bank, S. 11. AYatson and Judge Sa)nuel Dinv.cias opened a private 
bank in Vinton, and around tliese financial institutions gathered 
much of the early political activity of tlie eount>'— the bank founded 
by ^Messrs Traer and Greene being of a Kepubliean complexion and 
that of tliH later comer, l^emocratic. AVhat was known as the AVat- 
son ])ank was organized into a natiojud iiistitution in later years, 
and at th*^ expii'ati(m of its charter was dissolved and continued as 
a pi'ivate concern by y\r. AValsnn. For many years these were the 
only two banks in the city of A'inton. l^ut in 1SG9, with the com- 
ing of the railroad. })anks were founded at l)otli Belle Plaine and 
lUairstown. Tliat at Blairstnwn was founded by A. F. Allen as a 
private institiitioii. and he is still e.t rite head of its affairs. It was 
condiu'ted as a private concern foi- eli'vcn years. ;is the l>enton 
County Bank for two deeades, and for the p;ist nine years as the 
Benton County State Bank. It is tlie only institution of the kind 
at, Blaii-stown. and is cnnsiih'red one of the most solid banks in the 


' - '1' .... 

T>elle PlaiTio seemed to aptjcal to outsider's as a desirable place 
for new ban];s. after the eouUiy had been [ilaced in railroad eom- 
mnnication. In -hdy, ISHf). S. L. Hardwell, a Vcrmonter. established 
a private institution wtijch afterward bei'ame the Bank of Ik'lle 
Blaine, and in 1S!)l' was iiationaliziHl as the Ciii/ens" I>arik of HcUo 


PlaiiK', with E. E. Hughes as {(resident. Cliarles A. Blossom has 
licld the ])i'esiden(.-y since June. ISHT. and conducts the institution 
under strict ly modern nvelliods. In 1870 S. M. Sweet also founded 
a private hank at l->elle Plaine, and continued to actively develop 
it until Jiis death in 1901). It v/as ur^i-anized as the First National 
Hank of Belle Fiainc in 1612. with T). AV. Tiead as president. Both 
-Mr. Keed and his brother, L. T., were potent factors in the progress 
of tlie bank, the former being elected ])resident and the latter 
cashier in 1877. Upon the dcMtli (»f L. T. Sweet in 1900, G. K. 
Ahrens, who had been connci-led with the bank since 1S91. suc- 
ceeded him as ca.shier, and became president after the decease of S. 
S. Sweet in :\Iay. 1909. 

The third existent bank in Belle Plaine is tlie Corn Belt Sav- 
ings Bank, which o])ened for business IMay 5. 190(3, with W. J. 
(ruinn (the present incumbent) as presidt^it. 

YiNTOx's Oldest B.\.NK. 

The oldest bank at Yinton is the Farmers' National, an out- 
growth of the old P^aj-mers' Loan and Trust Company, founded in 
187o. In the \\inter of 1874.-5 George Horridge, the Ellises and 
others became indentified with the institution, and assumed the 
active management in the latter year. Professor S. A. Knapp. an 
educator and clergyman of roiiarkablc executive ability, who had 
served as principal of the College for the Blind for six years, v/as 
president of the Farmers' I^oau and Trust Company from its or- 
ganization until 1878. when he v.-as succeeded by ^Jr. Horridge. In 
1897 the Farmers' Loan and Trust Ctmipaiiy liquidated and thr- 
s;i;;ie manageincnl organized the t;irm<'rs' Xational Bank, of v.^liich 
^Ir. Horridge is still president. 

The State liaiii; of A'ijiton. which was or-ganized by Paul Cor- 
rell and others in 1891, retains virtually the original management. 
with ^h: Correll as presideiit and AValter S. Goodhue, cashier. 

j, „„ ,. TlFE H.M.HERTS. ShELI.PB['KG BaXKKR.S. 

One of the first banks in the county was oi'gam'zed at Shells- 
burg in 1888, f)y Perry AF. Hall)crt. and the business was continued 
by liim and his sons. David K. and Ailjert N.. until its transfer to 
the People's Savings Bank of Shellsburg in 190(j. ^Iv. Halbert 
was an Ohio farmer during his earlier \'cars; came to Benton countx- 
isi -lune, Is. )'.',, ami for thiriy-li\-e ye.ii's was a {irosjterous farmer 


ill Caiitou township. After disposing of their banking biisines-s 
the Ilalljerts moved to Cedar Rapids. The president of the People's 
Savings Bank at Shellsburg is now J. M. P.eatty. with Ch.H'ies F. 
Stookey as Adce president. 

The Benton Connty Savings B;mk of Norway is alsu an oM 
iTistitntion, as bajiks are reckoned in tl'.is jiart of tlu- state, being 
founded in 1881. The Atkins Savings Bank was organized as early 
as 1804. The First National of Norway eomniem-ed ])usiuess in 
1904; the Urbana Savings liaiik was founded in 1902; tlie Farmers' 
Savings Bank of Garrison in 1004 and the People's Savings Bank 
in 19U9; the Farmers' Savings Bank of Walford opened for busi- 
ness in 1002 and the ^Nlonnt Auburn Savings Bank i)i 1906; and 
thei'e is also the Bu/enip Savings Bank of eompai'ativply reeenr 

A iiiore detailed history of tlie iiistitntions na7ned above will 
be found in suereedirig pages, with statenii-nts as to thr-ir present 
financial status. , . . , . 


As already stated, t]i<' Citizens' Bank of Belle Blaine was 
founded as a ])rivate institution 1)\' S. L. PardwcU, a Vermont man. 
in 18()9. It was aftei'ward conducted as tin' Bank of Belle Plaine 
by IIuttoTi and ^Eaholni. and upon the dissolution of tlieir partner- 
ship the business was talx'en over by the Citizens' National Bank, 
which connin'nred business in June. ]^!!2, witli E. E. Hughes as 
president. .1. J. ^losnat vice president, and Charles A. Mosnat cash- 
iei'. The ea.pital remains at the oiiLrinal tigure of fifty thousand 
dollars. In Jinie. 1897. Ciirirles- A. i;'>losso7ii became prtsideni and 
S. P. Van Dike cashier, no ehanue l)"ing made iji the vice presidency 
until the death of ^Fr. Mosnnt in 190:k S. Wertheim then was 
chosen vice pi'esident and is still in oilice. In 1907 J. T-^. ^Miller 
became cashier and W. 0. Brand assistant. The surplus and un- 
divided profits of the Citizens' Bank amount to .t'">0,000 and the 
dejtosits \o $275,000. . • ' 

In 1870 S. S. Sweet came from tlie east and established a 
pi-ivate l)ank at Belle Plaine. the bnsiiu^s.> being organized as a 
national institution, under the name of th.e First National Bank, 
in 1872. In that year the eoncei-n was nationalized, with a capital 
stock of fifty thousand dollai-s and H. AV. Bead as }-)resident and 
S. S. Sweet as cashief. In 187.' .Mi-. Kead was suceeeiled by W. A. 
Scott, and J. A. Durand assuined the presidency two years later. 


S. 8. Sweet assumed the )ielin in .l;iim;iry, 1877, with his In-otiier 
L. T. Sweet, as cashier. 'J'Jiere v>as iiu furthei' ehange in the (.•liirial 
maiia^rineut until 1^*01, v.lien U. I>. Ahrcn.< was eliosen ca.<hifT- to 
siK-eeed ]j. T. Sweet, deceased. ]\lr. Ahrens liad then been with tiie 
bank for ten yeai's. was thoroughly faniiliar \\!th the afTairs of 
Ihf biiik, and it w;i> (juitc loi^Ical tha! In- sh.ould be ijronioted to 
the presidency u})on the retirement of S. S. Sweet in January. 190!'. 
'i'he founder of the business died in the following ]\Iay. The pres- 
ent oftieers are: G. I\. Ahrens, pi-esident; F. K. Zaiesky, vice pres- 
ident and C. A. Sweet (son of S. S.) cashier. The bank has a cap- 
ital ol $tiO.00O, surplus and undi^'ided x'»i"<'fils of $60,000 and de- 
j.osits of .$4l'5,000. . : • . 

CoKX Belt S-Wixgs Pjaxk. Belle Plaine. 

The Corn Belt Savin,i;-s Bank of Belle Plaine opened for busi- 
ness May 5. 1900, with a capital of ,*f;^r>,000 fas at ]U'esent'i and 
eigiity-fiA-e stockhohui-s. AV. J. Cuinii is still j)resident. with .1. 
II. Irwin as vice president and J. W. Van Nice cashier. The bank 
has a surf)lus of Jf^S.oOO and average deposits of -id-lO.OOO. 

Farmers' Natioxal Bank ok Vix'J'Ox. 

The Fai'mers' National T^a.nk of A^inton is the suceessor of thi^ 
old h\Trniers' Loan iS: Trust Company, whic}> was organized ;it 
Vinton in 1873. The headquarters of the institutio]j at first wei-e 
in Cedar Rapids, but were moved to Vinton in Oetol)er. 1S74. Dur- 
ing 1he \vinter of lS74-7o George ITorridge. Cornelius and AV. C. 
l-'llis. (n-e>!ge Kn.ix ;i!(d eth.ers be-, .me identified with the insti- 
tuli'in. Tliey bous-'ht tlie ju'eseid Isank })uiiding and assumed the 
ae1i\e managemoit of the business in August, 1875. Air. Knapp 
was i)residerit until 1878. when he j-etired. and George Ilorridge 
sueceeded him. A^iee President Kephart also retired about 1878. 
and \V. C. Fdlis has been vice pi-esident for more than twenty-live 
yeai-s. In 1897 the Farmers' Loan i.'v- Trust Com}>any went ]nto 
voluntary lifpudatioiu the business was transferi'ed and the same 
officers oi-ganized the Farmers' National Bank. The ottleei's are 
as follows: Georire IlorridLi-e. lu'csident: AV. C. Fliis, vice president ; 
C. 0. Marrincton. cashier ; and George D. ,A](d^li'oy. assistant 
cashier. George Knox and <';eor<j:e AT. Gilchrist are also on the 
board of directors. Throughout the career of these institutions 
tliere has nevei- bccu a death of an ofticer while an re-tive iiicundnnt 


t'f his oftiif. The Fanners' National iJaiik lias a caiiital of $65,000,' 
and its sun,li!s is $20,000. 

State I'ank of Vjntox. 

The Slate l'>aiik of Vinton, was orii'ani/.»*d fifteen years airo 
hy Paul Correll and "Walter S. (^oodhiie. with fifty stockholders 
in Vinton and ^•il•inity ;ind a csii^ital slock of $05,000; tlu' last 
statement issued by the bank shows $65,000 capital and $20,000 
surplus. The baidc erected and owns the now with a front- 
ai:e of twcn1\'-one feet, and uristairs rooms used for office purposes. 
Mes.srs. Correll and Goodhue continue as president and cashier. 
The 1)oard of directors comprises the followine: eentlemen : Paul 
Correll. Walter S. (loodhue. C. C. Griffin. M. J. Tobin. B. :\Iurphy. 
Frank (}. Pay. A. IP Abraham. 

ViNTOx S.wjxGS Rank. 

The \'i]iton SaviTiti's I>ank \vas or.t:anized in P)00, opem'ni:' its 
d(-(M-s July 21sr of that ye;ir. The first etficcrs of the institution 
were: AV. C. I'^llis. president: Cato Sells, vice president; J. F. 
Traer. cashier- -the present officers beiuLi' tlie same, with the ex- 
cei)lioii of thi_> vice jiresidc-nl. C. C. Griffin. The career of the banlv 
)i:is I)e«Mi un.ifoi-iiily pi-ospemus. and it has con.stantly carried on a 
L'ond business, 'fhe capital stoclc is $20,000 and the surplus $75,000. 
with total deposits of nearly $500,000. Phe Imildini:- is located on 
Jefferson street, opposite the court bouse, aiid the iiistitution is 
the only exclusive savings bank: in the county. Tlie bauk is inter- 
ested in ih<' irrowth and jiroLi' of tfie e(iini!)unit\'. di'rivinir il> 
sources of investment lare-ely throuji'h real estate loans. The enter- 
pi-i<e is represented by business men in treiod standirar, and its 
afi'aii's aie couducte<l in a manner 1o inspii'e the public confidence 
ami secure the support of the most sultslantial citizens of the coin- 


Peoples' Savings P.vxk, Vinto.v. 

TIk' People's Savings P;uiU- of Vinlon was or;^ani'/ed in the 
smnmiM- of P)00 with a capital of $5().')()(i. I'liey own and occupy 
the buiMiui; occupied for nuuiy yeai's by the AV.dson bank. A. S. 


CJiadbnuinc was thr tirst pn'sident, jtiid Joliii Lorenz <-;ishier. The 
{)r(\si'iit ()t'li<-(.rs Mi'i' John V<niii.<:. jjresidt-nt ; .John Loren/. vice presi- 
d<^nt ; and A. B. Allen, cashiei-. 

['koples' Savings Bank. Shellsiu'kg. 

The l*eii])l.-*s Savinirs Bank of Shellshui-;^ ori»rinated. as stated, 
in the f.iivale husinrss established by j'erry M. Tlai-t.u'rt in 1888. 
On the tirst of Autnist. H'Of!. it ;v;;s transferred to the newly organ- 
ized Peoples' Savin;_'s Banlc. \\ith J. ^I. Beatty as president. Chaiies 
F. Stookey vice iiresifjcnt. and A. K. Tiife cashier — ofiicers which 
siilJ the executive inauau'einent. The other directors are 
J. G. Carrier, J. AV. ryicCJijjtock. S. E. Railsback and AY. \Y. Hat- 
field. P.eside.s eondi'.cliuL;' a creueral savings bank business, the 
nianag(^7nent has a safety deposit dejiartinent v.hicli is well patron- 
ized. Tn August. 1909. the deposits of the bank amounted to 
$101,530. The capital stock is $25,000. 

Benton Cointv Savings Bank. 

The P>"nlon County Savings Bank of Norway was organized 
in 1881, with the followiug officers: T. 11. Brown, pr':^sident ; J. 
J. ]\lessenger. vice president: and Tlionias Atkinson, cashier. 11. 
L. rthoff is now ]>resident and -1. 11. Pickai-t, cashier. The last 
report made to the auditor of .state .shows a capital stock of $15,000: 
surplus and undivided profits of $18,000 and deposits of $143,000. 

Atkins Savings Bank. 

1 he Atiuiis Savinas Banl: was omaniziHl in 1894, and in 
iJecembei', P'OO. was offi.-cred as follows: .l.nmes P>eatt>. president; 
George liindcrkneclit. vice ].resident : AY. A. I'awcett. cashier, and 
George Rinderkut-cht. a.-;sistant cashier. Its capital stock is 
$15.00r); surjilus and undivided profits $18,500, and dejiosits 

'■ '■'"'• ' G.\RKisoN Banks. 

(Jarrison has two iiood banks — the Fanners Savings and the 
People's Savinu^s. The former suceeeded the earlier Bank of 
Garrison in April. 1!)04. when it was iiieoi-porated as the Farmers 
Savings Bank by AY. .1. Price. J. If. Brandt, ^^l. J. Collin.s, J. AY. 



Il;iiiiiM, ('. .]. IIai-\V()(>d Jind 11. CAVIiilc lis ori<;in;il capital of 
.i?20.()(l(i was iiK-n-asra in -liuit'. l!»0!l. t,. .i^2r,.00(). Thr two-story 
hiiildiii;.': still oi-ciinicd as baiikiiiLr h<'a(l(|iiai't(M's was rn-rtt'd l>y ti)c 
I>aTik of (farrisoji in 1808. 'I'lu- first olficri-s of the Fanners 
S>a\inL;s P)ank Mere .1. W. llanna. ]n'<'sid('nt ; 11. (\ AVhite. virc 
}'.!-('sid(-ni. and I). 1). .John.son, raisliic.". 'I'lU-re has l!:M"ii no rlianfri- 
in this )nana_;cni(nii. with the cxceplioji ot the casliici'ship. whirli is 
now hi'ld l)y M. J. Collins. Tiic Peo})le"s Saving's Bajik of Garrison 
(•(nnim'ni'Cil hnsincss in Anpist. lOO'J. and presents the following' 
financial statns: Capital stock. irlO.OOO; deposits. ^';42.000. Its 
officers are as folU)w.-^: A. II. AA'ilson. pi-csident ; ILnry Kir'-hncr. 
vice president; A. J. Doiald, cash.ier; and Jolni Wilson, assi.-tant 

Ukhaxa S.vvi-Vgs B.vnk. . 

Thi; Fi'liana Sa\ini:s r>ank wa.s ury:ani/.ed in An.ii'nsl. 11^02. 
witli S. W. Whiteis as jii-c^ifl.-nt, T. 11. Keinci- as \ire president and 
F. A. Firynei- as easliicr. The capital slock of twelve tlionsarsd 
dollars was subscrihcd foi* by forty hnsin(.'.ss men and farmers of 
the locality. II. E. Oneal. who was latei- elerted vice president, 
acted as president for a time after .Mr. AVliiteis' death, tlie ti)ue 
fixed for the clioice of his permanent sncccssoi- Ixdiig' in January. 

imo. . 


The Farmers' Savin^.s Yliutk of AValford. orirani/.ed in May, 
in02, staiied bu:-incss in September of that year, and has now 
nndivided pi'ofits of .f2.r)0fi. willi a. cai-ital of ,-f;T).f)()0 and llie 
follo\\in!:i officers: -T. II. "Weston, president; If. liiuriphj-ey, vice 
president; and B. VV. Humphrey, (^a.shier. 

■ ' ■ >' .^ 'i 
P'lRST Ban'K' of Xorway. 

The h^irst Xaliimal Bank of Xorway was ojtened for business 
•lune 20. 11)01, with C. P. Christianson as president, d'orire A. 
Doebcl vice president, and -1. T. Smilli cashier. The presimt 
manaucmcnl c(msists of \)v. C. K. Simpson. |)i-esident ; dacob 
HolTci'd. vice president; and Jolni T. Smitli. casliier. The bank a capital of $25,000; surphrs. $10,000; unilivid(>d i)rofits. $l.."iO0; 
and deposit.s. $210,000. 


^It. Aciu'KX Savings Baxk. 

Till' Mt. Auliui'Ji Siivii]<iN Bank was orj^'aiiizi'fl Aiiuust 1. lOOn. 
and i]i AuL-nst. IIM):!. had a siu'phis and midividcd })r()iit.s of $3,700 
and de})»)sits of $l')1.0()i). witli a cajyita] stock of $15,000. Its 
olTicia-s art' as foJlov.s: I). K. M;;(i<iv. i^ix-.-Jdciit. ; C. E. Dorsey, vi'.-.; 
pivsidoiil : and 1\ L. Liijiton, rasliifi'. 

LuzERXt; Savixgs Baxk. 

TlstTe is also a saviiiiis bank in l^uzerne. of whidi A. F. Fatp' 
is f.residenl and r^fartiii Studt cashier. 

Pkesext Coxditiox of Baxi:s. 

The prt'SHiit financial standinu' of Ik^nton county banks 
shown in the followins table. 

Xanie of Bank 

Atkins Savinsrs 
Benton ' Co. State 
Benton Co. Savings 
Citizens' National 
Corn Belt Savin irs 

fjocatiou {Capital 

Belle Piaine 
l-'>el]e Plaijie 

Farmers ' 
F'wsi National 
i-"ir.>1 National 
(ierman State 

Savin.^s ! Garrison 

Savin irs 
Savin ITS 

I Van Ilorne 
iliellc l^lainc 
i Norway 
I Keystone 

^ii. .\ubnrn Savinirsj^Ft. Auburn 
Ncwhall Savin.<rs jNewhall 
i'coplf^s' Savinizs iVinton 
Pe(>])}cs' Saving's iShellsburt,' 
Peo{)les' Savinizs UJarrison 
State Bank IVinlon 

I'rbana Savinprs Trbana 

\'inton Savinirs j Vinton 

AVatlans Savings IWatkins 
A"an ll.>T'n<' SavinLCs'^'an Tlonic 
Lnzcrnc Sa.vinus -laizei'iie 

] 5000 1 

50000 j 
3 5000 ! 
25000 i 
85000 1 
10000 1 

Surplus & 1 Deposits 

Profits I 
ri 8835^63]$ 
7454.97 1 





1925!). 38 1 


404.97 j 




8547. 55| 





26111 6.3r> 


98857. 3>^ 



I Tola 

1$64 1000 .$303427.1 8;$4S64925.33 



By Berxakd MrnPHY. 

"VixTON- Eagf.e" P.okx — AVuKX" THE ''Ea(;le" Screeched — 
The "Vix-jox Eagle" Sali'tes — pEkXAKD Mikphv Co.mijs ix — 
Early CiiARACTEUs of the '* Eagle" — "Bextox Cotxty Demo- 
crat" — Vax ]\rETRE v.-^. Dkt.aimoxi) — "EVERY Other 13ail\" 
rxiox'," Belle Pl.vixe — 1>elll Plaixe "Democrat-11erat,d" — 
"T'eople's Joi'rxal," Vixton" — A'iNTox's F[r>t De.mocratjc Edi- 
tor — ''The REVIE^v" of Vlntox — "Bextox Couxty Times" — 
''AVe^terx Tei,ephox'e Jolrxal.'" Ytxtox — ''Gakrisox Ixdepex^d- 
EX'j-''-— "The Shellsburg Call'" — Tiio.\L\fe A. Carver — Yax 
llOuXE '"Meteor" — Yax Borne "•IOxtekprise"— ■■T^Iolxt Au- 


AA'hcji tJie Press t-nlerod tlu' i)i'iiii'rr .-irc-na of Benton tunnty 
;i!l the cori-Jitioiis of tlie < oinimuHly v.-ei'e in the uiifoiTued sta^e of 
th'' raw, infantile })eri')d. Tlu^ eounty u'l'vernnient wa'^ liardly 
out of its swadling' clothes, ami Yinton. l>entM!i City, ^irai'ysville. 
Shi^lsljurg. fJeneva and le.-s lust\' infants were irying to grow and 
nuiking considerable noise about it. 

"VixTox Eagle" Borx. 

When the T'ress of li* iiton connty entei't^d the fight for i> 
and development in the foj-ia '>f the little six-colinnn quarto laiown 
heneefortli as tlie Vinlnn Ea<ih (tii'st number January 10. 1855). 
Bcllf Plainc was yet unboriL the cduntN' itself liad been organized 
but eight years and ni<-ans uf coniniuPii'-atiKn with the outer Avorld 
Wen- yet virtually non-existt-ni. It is true there were a few good 
roads in the eounty; l)ul tin- riv<'r fcvvy at Yinton had been in 
<>[)rra1i.)n h ss thasi thr''i- years, whih- tlie stacre line, the toll bridge 
and the steaiTiboat on tht* Upper Cedar were in the future — re- 
spectively, one. two and three years in the distance of time. 

Vol. T— to 


When the "Eagle" Screech ed. 

It will thus be seen that the pres.s of the county had strenuous 
work cut out for it as a promoter of infant connnunities; but it 
was equal to the t<"!sk : and in this connection it is io be remembered 
that for over a decade all tlie jiard work fell upon the Eagle, whioh 
notwiilistandinir, flew sturdily and cheerfully alonp', with an occa- 
sional screech (especially during election times) to maintain its 

TiiE "VixTON Eagle" Sali-tek. 

The Vinton EagJt vras first independent in politics, and ^^'as 
issued by Frederick Lyman (editor) and Stanley C. Foster. ^Ir. 
Lyman's salutatory carries the followin;?: "After realizing in- 
numerable unexpected, vexatious delays of time. ar;d a consequent 
Avaste of money: after shiftintr from pillar to post for want of 
better winter quarters, liable at every turn to be <-ut loose and 
turned adrift from our tenipnrary moorin<:rs. we have at last been 
successful in secui-ing", three-fourths of a mile from toAm. an 
excellent, thoug-li temporary halting place, by wliicb arrangement 
we have actually stolen time sufticient to 'catch breath,' and, by 
close applicatioii durinsr the hours of daylight (our office is trans- 
formed into a church and lodge-room eveninu-s), succeeded in. 
presenting to the public tliis but imperfect specimen of an 
Efiglf. We shall more than fulfill all former promises emViodied 
in our prospectus, by excluding from our columns either Demo- 
cratic. Whig or Abolition lies and bombast." The last sentence 
clearly indicates the desire of the editor to live up to the motto of 
his paper: "Independent in everything.'' 

In August of the Eagle's first year a Dejiiocratic victory was 
recorded in the county, the vote for county judge being six hundred 
and nineteen. The second volume conunenced with Lyman and 
Traer (J. ^., the merchant and banker), but the firm was dis- 
solved in F«-bru;'.ry of that year (1856). when W. AY. Hanford 
purchased Air. Lynu^n's interest and assumed both editorial and 
busines.s control. 

With the withdrawal of Air. Traer in AugiJ>t. the finn became 
Ilanford and Lyman, and on February 4. 1857, tliey disposed of 
the Kagh: to AYilliam Stouirhton and Joseph Dysart, the latter of 
whom became state senator and lieutenant govei-nor. 



'•-^1 f ;a 


I 1 


' '"^Wil-l 


- ^. 

\ V." 


!i^ » :iw.*.. u;«>rVi;i4 W"****^' 







On the 20lh of the following June, ^ii\ Stoughton dropped out 
jiinl \s-as succeeclt'd ])>' Tlionuis Diuinmond, so brilliant and popular 
as a legislator, an editor, an offirer and a man. and al^o long to r-^ 
rcmenibered as the founder of th-: College for the Blind at Vint';'!!. 
The partiiersliip eontijuied until O'-tohor 10. ISGO. when Mr. Ilaii- 
foi'(,l Iiei-ajne sole proprietor and -Toseph D\'srirl political e(!iTor. 
The former continued in conlrol until ^la\' 9, ISGlS, when the rrni 
became U. 11. Frost and Company, with Mr. llanford as >il<^"it 
partner, but in IMareh of the following year tlie style v.;is ehangrid 
to llanfortl and Frost. In October. 18tiS. A. C. Hflt was ass'-v 
eiated w-itli ^Ir. llanford as llanford and llult. and two years 
thereafter the former became sole owner. 

'■^ 53 S C ' .rt 

■■■: *•)* ? I i 

viXTOX i:aclf, ri;AXT. 

Bernard '^^^RP^v Come;^ Tx. 

On -lannary 4. 1871, J. W. Hi-h ])urehas>'d a half interest. ?,rid 
llanford and Kii-h conduetcd tlie p;iper until Anmist 3. ISTo. wh-n 
B<'rnard ^furphy. wlio liad si'tvcd his npprenticeshij) in the Ei:^'- 
ofiiee, bought 'Slv. llanford 's intercvt. and liich and ^ifurphy c:r.:ie 


into existence. For twelve yejirs the pai)er was operated uudcr 
that .st\le. and on Oftol>or 11. 18S7. ]\lr. Miir]>}iy beeanio its sole 
e<iitor and j>rOj)rirtur, ainl. as hu lia.s boi'ii at tli*^ hehn ever since, is 
tlie acknowledged dean of the ncwspapei" fraternity of iienton 

Bernard .Murpliy is a native of ^Massachusetts, but has been 
a resident of loAva since 1861. In 1867 lie began his career in the 
newspaper business as an apprentice in tlie Vinton Eagle ot^ee. 
where he served for tln-ee years. p'or three yeai-s afterward he 
was a journeyman on the loirn Sfatt UiaisUr at Des ]\Ioiues and 
llie Jiocl,;/ MoKiifain Xcivs at Denver. In 1874, with llanford 
and Rich, then publishers of the Vinion Eagle, lie started tlie 
Tiacr Cliijjjer. 'Sir. ^Ii>rp)iy bc-anK^ the owner of the C'lipiicr in 
the following- year, in August. 1876. bei;oiaiug identified with the 
Eagle. lie has therefore been its eontroUing fure^ f(.r thirty- 
thrri- years and. thorough his fVn-elliought, eonipleti^ files of the 
puliliration have been preserxetl since the first day of its issue in 
•January. 1855. lie has always maintained it as a straight Repub- 
liean journal. It is a semi-v.eekly six-eolumn quailo. anrl in its 
news features undertakes to cover the count.v. It also carries a 
strong editorial page, and its mechanical efjuipnient is up-to-date 
in every respeet. Outside of liis profession. ^Ir. ^Murphy has 
taken more or less interest in ])ublie and party alTairs, and held 
the ofiice of state printer from 1^»U1 to IMOG. 

Early Chak actf.ks op the "Eagle." 

Charles AYilkiiLSon, an old-time lawyei- and journalist, con- 
tri))uled an intere-sting artii-le to the semi-c(^nten7iial edition of 
the Vinion Engh: ()f ,lan\iary 10. 190-3. in v, hich he meulions 
several wh.o prominent in its history. In the summer of 1867. 
v,hen lie first came in t'>ue]i with the .paper, it was owned by 
llanford and Frost (D. H.'. and in October. 1S68. the latter sold 
his interest to Andrew C. Holt. ]\lr. AYilkinson had been stud.viug 
lav.', surveying on the Iowa Central railroad, and doing other things 
recjuired of a young westerner \\'ho wishes to "get along." when 
the new firm oil'ered him an editorial po.sition. which he eagerly ac- 
cepted. At that time Mr. .M!irt)hy was in the last year of his 
ap|>?-entieeship in the Eagh ofliee. later going to the loua State 
Ilegister. "In the publication of tht; Eagle,'' says ]\Ir. "Wilkinson, 
"^\r. llanford looked after the bookkcepinir and lartrer matters of 
linanre, while Mr. Holt su])ervist'd the meelianieal department and 
S'jliciti'd liusiness. Thouuii as unlike as ]»ossible in ])ersoi)al aj)- 


jjoarain-e and dispi-.sition, they formed a model eonibiuation. Mr. 
llanford was metliodical and possessed t'xcelJent business judir- 
meiit, wliile Mr. ii"!t, tli(.)uyb af^pari^jitly a vcr\' (piiot, reserved 
man, ]iad a rt'iiuiikalili- ability tn uvf next to j)i'Oj)le and make 

"AVhe!i I came t<> it. tlie pa]ier was an (Muht-column folio, 
printed on a Wasiiington hand press, wbich used to call forth 
strong lantruage on the part of T. P>. Moore, who pulled oft' the 
weekly edition. In the spring or sunnuer of 18C9 the owners 
bought and inst;dl"(.i a <Jcorge P. Taylor power press, then a nini.' 
days' \\'onder in the eonJitry oftites. and at the sairtc time enlarged 
to nine eohnnns to the page, givijig it a new dress of type. For 
years afterwa]-d.-> the paper \vas admitted to be the handsomest in 
the Cedar \"a!ley in t \]-)ographi<-nl appearance. It is hardly r.ce- 
e.ssary to add th;it it was "all honv' ]>i'int.' 

"Xot \ery lone aftei- m>' entrani^e into Henton county journal- 
ism Mr. A. 11. l>rown, a one-ai-med veteran of the 13th Iowa, and 
his l>rotiier Ceoree. started the Peoph's Jourital, as a Republican 
comjjetitor. .Mi-, lirijwn had bc^n a popular school teacher in 
Ceda)- towu.ship. and as he had besides a host of army friends, the 
presence of his [);i[i'i- became something of a thorn in tlie flesh — to 
the Eof/h . "["lie Jvii.nial vras not only a competiloi- in busines.s. 
but as there wei'c two Republican factions, it gathered the support 
of those politicians wlio had not been satisfied with the course of the 
Eniilc .JonrnaJism, iii those days, was intensely local and pei*- 
sonal. and it took the least effort to batter your opponent by 
iiolding him up to ridicule and contempt, and many were the dius 
and sarcasms launched at each other. It was a common thing fcir 
the doni'nal to j-cJ"cr !o th-.' Eoijl' as Thr liuzzard. an e]ul:het tliat 
really dee[>ly \vor,nded Mr. llanford 'who was vei-y sensitive. 

"The late Judfe S^hnm^ was the colonel cif Tjiov/n's regiment, 
naturaliy took an interest iri liis siiccess. and was supposed to oi- 
casionnlly furnish an editorial. lie therefore becnme the target 
for a good man\- sarc-istic referenees. It was one of the ironies 
of fate that some years afterward (.'o'. Shane and I l)eeame part- 
ners in tlie ownei-sliii' of that samr- Jou)-)ial. 

"A. II. Brown )iio\-ed to Nebraska in 187"2. and was in the 
newsjiaper l)usiness there for some >'ears. I believe he is now a 
resident of Centr;il City wliere two of his .sons publi.slt a paper on 
whicii Mr. l>i-own doe.-, editoi-ial work. Ceorge Krown is a pros- 
perous bitnk'ei- at Neljraska. Soon after retiring from 


the Eagle, Judge Frost bought the BcUc Plain Union, which he 
conducted for a number of years, removing tiience to some western 
-State, whei'c h- died not h>iig Mgo. I reiiiember of deeply offending 
Jiini by alluding to liis paper as th<; 'Onion.' Mr. was a man 
of iiiu' education, high principles and a strong writer, huX the 
harn,li'-a]) of deafness, and a retiring disposition, kej"*! him from 
making accjuaintani'cs ea.sily. 

"In the fall of 1870, Mr. Ilanford purchased the interest of 
-Mr. Holt, the latter buying into the Mnson- Cilij Fupiihlican. A 
few months after Mr. Ilanford sold a half interest to Mr. J. W. 
Rich, and lie assumed the editorial direi:tion, wliich closed my con- 
ncction with the paper. ]\rr. liich proved to be an able and 
painstaking editor, and wielded a strong unfluence. 

"A. C. Holt was subsequently associated with me in the 
Proplr's JounuiL but the progress of consuuiption forced him 
1o i-etire. After fighting as brave a battle as was ever waged by 
any soldii-r, he succnmb'-d to the disease, dying in California. In 
January. 187C, Wallace W. Ilanford also answered the firud sum- 
mojis. IJe was a man of just and honorable life. So have passed 
away my first employers, men beloved and respected" 

I. y<\\\ ]\Ietr(' has this to say of AV'iUiam Stoughtou, who be- 
came editor and part proprietor of the Eagh in 1857: "An 
educatcci man and the best writer in the village;. One of that sort 
of men who have talent and capacity for fine work, but who are 
eternally getting sour on somelxKly ; the disoj'untled disposition. 
Beneath those unfortunate (.lisguises, he was a fine-spirited and 
most (.-ompanionalile gentleman. Stoughton did not know or had 
fo)-got that pcojdc rarel\- judge you (•.\'ee})t from M'hat is easily 
obsirvablr on 1 he surface. They never seek' under (he disa.grcva- 
l)!c outside for the beauty and riches undei'neath. Stougliton 
oneht to jia\e been (Uie of the foremost m-Mi in the histoiw of 

"Bextox CorxTY Demockat" ; •! ., ., 

The D<)it(in Counlg l)i inocrat had a troulilous exi-stenee of 
more than thi'ce years, its first number being dated Oetober 2. 185G, 
and its last. Oetober 20. IS.-)!). At first 1). il Pyne was the i>ub- 
lishei' and Nathan Bass, politieal editor-, it being generally under- 
stood that vSanuiel Doimlas. then and foi' several years thereafter, 
eoiinty judge, and a denioi-j-at of intinenee. was the power behind 



tlic ve 



But t 
of the 

le juf 

t \V() 


fiji;i!i\- in-avitated to the Eagle; only 
idicil subscribers on paper actually 
cashed in ; the Democrat col- 
lapsed in the early winter and 
revived th'^ fullowiu!,' sj^rin^r: 
was sold by .Mi'. I'yne to Jamci 
Fowler and Henry Price, and. 
on ]\ray 21, 1859, to John Alex- 
ander and 1. Van ]\letre. Under 
th;it luanageinent it was con- 
ducted with ability, not to .say 
b)-illiancy (editorially speak- 
ing) ; but it wa.s the .sony of 
the d\-in^ svran, for. although 
.Ml-. l\vne le-entered the busi- 
ness and worked hard to revive 
it. tlie pai)er was forced 'to 
suspend after the Octol>er 
election, wliich went a.train.^t 
llie Democrats. 

D. B. pvxj:. 

VaX ]\rETKE vs. DKUM.MONi). 

Tlie most exriting local event in the campaiG-n was the fistic 
encounter wliich o.-curred between Editor Van ]\letre and Editor 
Torn Drummond. tlie daslnnir >()urig Republican and pride of the 
Eagle. It is said that although on his last financial leg.s tlie 
Donif)crati'' clsampion gut rather tlie best of that kind of an 
Hr.Tament. albeit Drtuijjiifjnd bceame so gallant an offli-er in tlie 
Civil \v;\v. The files of the defunct journal have for years re- 
posed pcacefuJly with tliose of its old-time enemy, still "alive and 

'"Every Other ]3.ui,y rxio.v.'' Beeee Platxe. 

The Belle Plaine Errrg Other Daibj L'uiou. of which C A. 
X'o])le was editor and proprietor, from November, 1907, until his 
deatli in 19] 0. had its origin in the Jielle I'laine Tra)i.<;cripf. v.-liii-h 
was established about the middle of DecemlHU". 1866, by N. C. 
Weiting. It was a folio, seven columns, and Kepublicau in poli- 
tics. On February 14. 1867. .Mr. AVeiting sold the office to W. AY. 
Yarhan aiul AYilliaia Nixon, and a fe^\■ months thereafter the 

IlISTOrjY 01' ]M':XTON COUNTY 153 

paper passed into the po-vsessidii of S. S. Farringtou, wlio materi- 
ally improved it. On Mareh 4, ISGl), .Mr. Farrington di.sposed of 
the Traii.scripL to D. li. Frost, whose cojnifetioji with tlie Vinfon 
Eagle has already been noted. Jt was .Mi. Frost who changed the 
name of the pai)er to the Jhlle I'lainc Vuion. Oeorge K. Leo was 
one of its »'a7] and iible.t editors. xVlexcUider Calvert also con- 
trolled it for some seven years, he being followetl l)y 11. Roy 
Mosnat and ^Ir. Noble. 

Bf:LLE Plaixf. "Demockat-IIekald.'' 

The Dcinooat-lleralr] was founded in 18SS by G. Isl. Myers. 
It began as a weekly ajid \\'as then known as the BcUc I'laine 
llr.rabl. MY. ]\Iyers was both editor and publisher. He Vv'as an 
able and fm-eefnl writer and the BfJI< Plainc Herald was not Avith- 
out intluence in th.e political affairs of Benton county. Editor 
^lyeis was also a su'-ee.ssfid bu'-nness man and his newspaper grew 
very ra})iclly in cir\'ulatio)i throughout Benton, Poweshiek and 
Tama counties. But most unfortunately for the new publication 
when but a litile more tium two years old. his entire plant was 
destroyed by hre. He intmediately went to work euergetiL-aliy to 
replace the material tluis destroyed, and in this undertaking was 
remarkably successf id ; but just when fairly getting his newspaper 
back on its feet again. 'the great fire of ]894 broke out, sweeping 
away the entii'e business sertion of Belle Plaine, taking the Her- 
ald along in the general saerifire. This was a great finanrial blow 
to Editor ^Myers, from which he never fully recovered, and though 
successful in getting a new plant established and in operation, he 
was haudicapiK'd b\' his re])eated financial lo.sses which made it 
nei/essary for him lo sell tiie papfi-. It was bought by C. X. 
Whitacre. of California, who conducted the destinies of the Herald 
for the next two years. i . i ; i -,,,.. . 

IMr. AYhitacre was also an able writer, but very caustic and 
aggressive in ]iolitical matters and very bitter in his personal at- 
tacks on all political ()])poncnts. The consequence was that lie lost 
the patronage of a number of the more active business nun of 
the city and the venture soon cea.sed to l)c remunerative. He then 
Sold to (_'. Y. ^Yalz. of Illiiidis. v lio took possession about June 1. 
1808. He ai^^ain sold to llar\cy Slack. lh«^ present editor and jvab- 
lisher. who lo<ik pcssessicin ()ctol»er 1st of the same year. In ^^lay. 
1901, Editor Slack consummated a deal v.htueby he became the 
o\yner of the Dilli I'lii'nn !)( mocraf alse. and the two pa.pers wei-e 
consolidatf'd into (.ne. 


Since that tinu; the publicatiuij has borne the iiatiie of the 
Ptnicraf-IJirahl. During the yeai- following thc> uuiun of tiie 
two I'.apt-rs, Dv. .!as. A. Williams became associated with Mr'. 
Shield ill the work' of editing and i)ul)li.shing the |);i)>er. At the 
close of the year D'-. AVilliams relin(iiiislied his interest and Air. 
Slari; continued as sole editor ami pnblishtn- until October l(j. 
1908, when AY. P. Haley took a financial interest and since that time 
has remained a member of the llrm of Slack & Jlale\-; the present 
pnl)lishei-s (d* the i>aper. The D( uincrat-JJ < raid is decidedly 
democratic politically, and its influence in local i)olitics is fully 
recognized. For the last eight years the publication has- been 
the official paper of the city and its circulation has steadily in- 
creased. In Afay, 1893, the paper was changed from a weekly to 
a semi- weekly and so remains. 

Seren'o S. Farkixgton. 

' Sereno S. P'ari'iugton, a leading old-time editor of the county. 
was a native of Crawford county, Ohio, bor)i June 25, 1840. His 
fathei- died when he was an infant of two months, the oldest of the 
cight children in the fauiily being only thirteen years old. After 
doirig what he coidd to assist tlie family mdil he was si.vteeu years 
of age, yo\uig Fai-ringtoJi left his home, near 13ucyrus, Ohio, and 
came to Springilale. Cedar county, Io^\•a, where he obtained work 
in the luirsery of <-i". T. A\'ood. lie )-eTnained thus employed luitil 
Novcmbei". 1857. when he went to Alarshall county to visit relatives. 
I>u1 in the following jnonth he decided to remain, and connnence 
his aj)i)reidiceship as a ]U'inter in the E.rjjrcss oflicc at Alarietta. 
then the county seat oP Alarsh.all couidx. AVith tlie discjntiunance 
of tlie A'.rprr .v.s- in Xovember, 1851). Air. Fai'rington next entered 
the office of the Mnrinijo ('Hi:f)i, and finished his li'ade in March. 
1800. with the Morris'j)! (Illinois) S'cy/////^/. AYlnle thus engaged 
he cast his first vote for Abraham Lincoln, and in dnne. 1861, the 
n)on1h after the outbreak of the Civil war. moved to Oes Aloines. 
where he entered the lUgistir office. In August he h-ft his ease to 
enlist in Company- 1. Thiity-ninth Illinois Y()lnnte(>i- Infantry, in 
which he served until the close of the war. He then i-eturned to 
Oes Al(»ines and ^\•oI•ked in the Hcuislcr office nntil Se|)tember. 
18(37. when he came to l^elle Plaine and bouelit the 7 ranscript of 
Dickson and Cami)l)ell. In Fel)ruar\-, 18(!!). lu' sold his business 
to D. H. Frost and in October, 1874. fouiided Ihe firlh Flu'nn 
h'f'i-ii ir. 


Danjkl II. Phust. 

As n')te<! in tin* liistory of llir pcess. Daniel Jl. Frost bought 
the Traii.'icripf of S. ^. FiirrinL'-lon iji Fchruary. ISOO. and elianged 
its name to the Bflh I'hihic [')iio)}. .Mr. Frosl wuh an old and 
able jo'inialist and \\r'.s in liie late s-.-venties the veteran of his 
profes.sion in Ik-nton couiity. He also Jield the office of po^tmastel' 
at Belle Plaine for about ten yeais. He graduated from Hamilton 
Collef,'e. Clinton. Xew York. During tht' earlier years of his man- 
hood he engaged in farming, bul in 1S51 sold his land in StoeK'- 
bridge. and moved to Oneida, also in ^Madison count)-, Xew York. 
where in October of that year he csiablishcd tlu- T (If graph, the 
first newspaper pnblislu'd in tlia.t tov,-n. He was the juDuecr advo- 
cate of ''free .soil'" j)rinci{)K's in that ciingre.ssional distj'ict, and 
vigorou.sly sui)portcd th.c widely known (ieirit Smith in iiis 
race for con^rress. !Mr. Frost continued the publication of the 
0)tcl{ia 'I'elrfirapJi until ISo-l. and in tiie following year took pai't 
in the organization of the liej)nbli!;u; par-ty as a member of it< convention h.eld in York state. In 1S56 he moved to tlie 
territory of Minnesota and engaged in the millirifr business, also 
servi)ig as justice of th.e peace and securing his admission to the 
bar. In 11^58 he was elected to the state senate of ^Minnesota, serv- 
ing in the fii-st Kepidtlican legislature of that state. He was also 
po.stmaster at X^orthfield. froni ISGI to ISHo. He estaltlished the 
Soi'tlifirld TiicfjrapJi in the former yeai\ and in I8G1 was also 
elected judge of pi-obate for Ki'-e comity. ^Finnesota. He was re- 
elected in 1863, and was at diiterent .times a membei' of the State 
Xormal Board and board of trust(-es of the deaf, dunil) and ])lind 
as.s'lum of ]\Iinne.sota. 

]\rr. Fro>t located at Vi;!to7i in 1SG5. when h'^ pureliased a 
half i)iterest ia the Earjh (if Vr. Y\^. Hanford. then sole proprietoi". 
and acted as its editor until October. ISfiS. when he sold his in- 
terest to A. C. Holi. In the following Febi-uai-y. he bomrlit th<^ 
Belle J'lainr Transcript of S. S. Farrington. and. as stated changed 
its name to the Brlle Plaiiic Union. He was first appointed 
master of Belle Blaine in December, ^^~'l. and i)i -Januai-y. 1877. 
was re-a])p<»inted foi- a term of four year^. 

" People's JofRX.M,." VixTOx - 

Mention lias already been made of the People's Journal, 
which first ap})eare<1 as a di.stinct publication December 19. ]8()8. 
altho'aL'h tliere were two ephemeral ventures whicli may be called 


its predecessors. Early in the spriny of 1605 Frank and \Veed 
eoinmenced tiio })iiblieatic]i oi' the Vx ulun ('niintij Xctvs at ^'inton, 
l)ut they I'aihnl to iiial;e ;i >uiccs.s ol il anti the ol'iice jjjissed into 
the hands of James Wood, trustee of thi-ir l)ankru])t cduvrn. 

In the spi'inj:': of ISGS. IJariison UcT-ry, who had rriurned 
frn-ii }'i!;e's Peak with soiue others of th*' Viiilon cohuiy. eauKht the 
h'lrislative fever of tlie hottest kind and. to further Ids ambitions, 
revived tlie Xews as a demoeratie papi )■ under the name of the 
Siandanl. ^fr. Berr_\- was nominated witliout diftii-ulty. hut 
failed of au election, althouy'h ho afUi'ward became a member of 
the Kansas legislature and cut quite a figure iu the politics of that 

J. F. I'yne. as i)ublisher. editor aiid what uat, floated the 
Siaiiilard along- for altout six months longer, when it was sold 
to Alfred II. and George Brown, wlio. as stated, began the pub- 
lication of the JonrnaJ. Tliex' made thr paper a republican sheet, 
and thus put a period to tlie second dcmoiTatic newspaper of Ben- 
t(jn ciirinty. It lUtidi' its ai>i)earani'>' as an eight-coliunn folio, 
and in 1871 was changec^l lo a six-column quai'to and a semi- 
weekly. During the succeeding two years it was managed and 
edited most of the time by A. II. Brown, a (jvil wdv sukiier with 
an empt\- sleeve and a luely pen. On April 1, 187"_\ he .sold the 
f)aj)er and ]>lant to ('. K. Wilkinson and ('om]>an\', and moved 
temp(u-ai'ily to Nebraska. Tlie I'ioj>J( '.s Joiii-nal coiitiuucd to ap- 
pear tuidei- various ausjnces and conditions mitil 1881, when it was 
purchased by Rich <.*c -MuJ'phy. pro(irieto7's of the Eaglr and dis- 
continued. / 

Vinton's Fn^•^;T Dlmockattc Editok. 

Johji F. Pyne. whose n;ime has bi'(Mi mentioned in conne.'tion 
with the I>( iiloii CoiDilji Detnocriit and the Stiuidard. v.-as the first 
ami mtjst prominent democratic edit(u- of Vint<»n. He was 
born in the town of 0\id. Seneca count\'. New York', and wa.s the 
oldest of seven sons in a family of twelve children. Al the aire 
of four years the family moved to liostoo, whei'e he atli'uded tlie 
tirst school (Ui Ooi'ii Hill. Six years later the family retiu'ued to 
.\'ew York state where he learned tlie e()rdwainer 's trade with his 
fatiier and liought tlie liome for the family tliat his father had 
rented foi- a number of years. At the a^e of sixteen years ht> wa.s 
an expert wfU'kman. .\t nineleen years lie was graduated from the 
OiMMila Sein.iiKii'X' and tauuhl S'-liool fi)i- foo.i' iiainl hs at t'.ventv 


(lull;trs a nioiit]!. Tie read law with Uichard Tlionias, in Ca/.e- 
nmia. and at tw^nty-onc went to Susviuflianna. Pennsylvania, and 
cngaired as bnoklcoepor and salcsnmn witli i>. X. Lenlnnni in an 
extensive ironeral store. At twenty-r'our he. married Miss Ruth 
Ann Sti-iut,diani. oJ' AVindsor. New Yoi-k. and on Aiay 5. 1S55. 
settled in Vinton where he has sinee j'esided. 

In 18o(j ]\[r. Pyiip eoinmeneed tlie pnblieatiou of the H< ntnu 
Counfii Di inocraf. and later the Siandanl. In ]<S7G he bcea-nie 
publisher of the liotton Couitiy Il/iaUI. a few yeai's later selling: 
the j)roi)ert>" of J. P. AVallaee. ]\[r. Pyne \\:js intimately acquainted 
with Messrs. ],yman and Fost'-r. the founders of the Kagh:, in 1855, 
and with all of its editors sinee. He is believed to be the only liv- 
ing' ^Mason that assisted at tlie c-eremony of hiying the corner stone 
of the old eourt house in ^'inton in Aj'ril. 1S56. 

'riiK '^Kkvifw" of A'iM'(JX. 

The yiiiio)} J,'(vicii\ a we^el-dy of independent action published 
iiy ]]. Iv. Alien and 11. S. Il«n'ener. had its ineej)tion in tlio B( ulax 
f 'nil h III III raid, \\'iiich was eslalilislnd t-y -1. 1-'\ Pyne and Sons. 
July 2. ]S78. Those who }la^'e ever knowii Mr. Pyne and his 
faniil.N' need rn't be inl'orni(>d that its politics were straiirht Demo- 
cratic and rcmairu'd so undei' his man;i*:rciiicnt. It was an eight- 
coliunn fdli'i \veekly. and for some years was tlie only paper of its 
jioliti'-al faith in lienton comit.w In IS'-^^ the P^ues withdrt'w 
a!id the' joni'na! coiitinued to ap])''ai" lui'ler its oi'iu;inal name until 
1S!»4, when (ieorii-e AVeber. its pulilisher, ehaimed it to the Iicvicir. 
Frank and Edward (rerberieh (as (ierberieh Brothers '>. Rin' 
Dickinscn and others, issued the p;![M'r until PSHf). Pii tliat yi'ar 
Mr. nici.;iM-:!>n s/'ld his interest !o A. I-. Fiude. \\ho retrained the 
siW'ie for about a year*, when he dispu-ed oi' it to .hunes ]■]. \A'hi|)ple. 
'J'lie I,'/ I'u tr rem;iine<J un<]er th.e buNimxss and editorial naanairement 
of AVhipple and (.ierberieh until l!;i)7. when Alessrs. Allen and 
Ilevener came into control. 

• . .. ■. '"Pextox CorxTV Ti.mks.'' "' '"■ " '■ 

The r,ctdo)i Countu Tunrs. eilited antl publislied hy II. (!. 
Krnse. is the oftieinl paper and oriiaii of the Demoeratic party in 
the county. It w:is istablishetl in ls8S l)y J. II. Allen and Dr. A. 
I). Griffin, the form( ]• aetintr as ediioi'. The plant was moved te 
A'inton from A'an llorne. v/here Ah'. Allen had previously founded 
a paper, vacating' the tield in order to cstablisli himself in the news- 


pajni- IjiisijK'ss at tlu' i-ounty seat. Si'voral years later Dr. Griffin 
n-tired and .Mr. AlU-n cujitinned the puhlii-atioii of the p;;per until 
1 !>():}. wJieii he sold it to E. T. ^Tatth.'-ws. Two year.s later 'Mr. 
Mattlunvs disposed of the })r,siness to C. IL Plattenburf,', who. in 
turn s,.id to II. (',. Krnse in the fall of 10(17. The Times i.s au all 
honie-j)rint weekly paper, oaeh issue eojitainiug from eieht to twelve 
paires of loeal and eounty matter. Its eireulation is about three 
thousand, and few eounty }Hihlieati(ins in the state ean boast a 
large)". It was amoufr the first newsi>apers in Iowa to add a 
Mertreijthaler linotype maehine to its meehanieal e(piipment. Under 
its presi'iit nianagenn-nt tli'^ Tiuks has fcained steadily in eireula- 
tion. \olum(? of business and infiuenee. and is generally recognized 
as a ])otent factor in shaping the policies of the eounty and cit.v. 

"Westekx ThLEPiujxt: Jotk-val." Vixtox. 

The Wisfeni Tfhplioia Joio'nnl. which is the official organ of 
the])endent telepjhone associations arid companies of Iowa. 
South Dakota. Nebraska and mueli of the teri'itory designated as 
the .Middlewestern slates, is issued from Vinton, its plant and 
building being neat ;uk1 up>-to-date. Its business i.s incorporated, 
with A. 11. Ellis as president and treasuj-er and ^Villiam M. Traer 
as vice president and secretary. The JoUDial was established in 
1902, aiul let its printinL- until the fail of 1 *)().'). when it installed a 
small plant which lias since been increased to the jn'oportions and 
stanilard of the mod'-rii prii.ter\'. In 11)08 a substantial one 
stor\' bi'ick building was erected, which virtuall\' c(.\ers a site 
represented by a fi-ontage of forty-two feet and a ileptli of one 
hundred and twenty-four. 

■'(r.\Kt;l>OX IXiiKl'K.XDEXT." 

The diirr'stjii ] ndt^ [x luli nl was (-.-tal^lislied in October. ISftS. 
by lieni'y liidge. who was succeeded, as editors and proprietors, by 
L. E. Dcutremont. I. E. Coffee. \V. F. Reed and F. M. Spring.steen. 
The last n;ime(l took possession in May. lOOo. and runs ;ui inde- 
pendi'Ut wei-kly, leaniiiLr toward Rcj^ribliranisni. 

''The SuEELsiu kg C.vle." 

The Sdfurdiiij M().-)iiii(i Call, of Shellsburg, was founded Octo- 
l)iT 11, 1SS4. by Thomas A. Car\-er. who established it as a six-col- 
uMui folio and afterwai'd inn-ra^ed it to a ipiarto. He continued as 


its editor and {n'oprictur until larly in the .s])rin;j: (»t" 18S(). wluMi lie 
dis])i)s('d of tilt' establislnnt-nt to Carrie 'J', liorton. Ju July of the 
same year Chacles F. S^too'ccy and V. ('. Sinnniers pur'-liased the 
business ani] eonduete(l it unfi! AuLiust. ISSS. w lieu the finn was 
dissolvtd liy mutual consent. ?dr. Sunuiu'fs relirinu'. Mr. S^tookey 
eontinuefl as editor and {)ro[)ri(tor of the paper until Septemher, 
]!)(};). and it was durinir his able eonduet th;d the name was ehanged 
to 77/( SliiUs])iirfj Call. At the date mentioned the business was 
taken o\'ei- by J. E. Albertson. and ]Mr. Stookey returned to the 
praetiee of tl)e law and continued his dealiuL's in western lands. 
He had already served as eoinity attorne\' and is reeoLrnized as a 
lawyei'. an eilitor and a busiiu\ss man of ability. lie is also one 
of the old-timers of SbclLsbui'.u'. at and ;iround which were nuide 
some of the earliest settlements of the county. 

Thomas A. Cvkvek. 

Thomas A. (';irver. founder of the Call, is a Linn county man. 
born A'pj'il 'J4, isGO. and his fatlier. Tiioma.s 1).. was a Civil war 
soldier of the Twentieth Iowa wh.o died at New Orh'ans in the of 1864. wliile yet in the service. The son was (Hlucated in 
th(^ schools of Shell>burir. a.nd learned the ]>rin1('r's trade in the 
office of the Sin Hsburc/ Ixcviird. Mr. Carx'er not vn\y fouiuled the 
(\iU lint the \V( -^IfDi PotiHrii Juurunl. the latter being- removed to 
Cedar Rapids. 

Van TIukxe ''^Meteor." 

X'ot lonir after the Chicapo, Milwaukee and St. Faul road had 
b'-eii piit P>enton count\". Van liorne. Keystone and othei' 
enteri»i'isinir strdions al<>ri'_: the line commenced to aLi'itate tin- 
desii-abiliiy of nt'wspa})ers. Tiie ])eople of the former town de- 
cided that they wanteci one so promptly that the Count shot into 
the sk\' of joui-nalism in I)ecend)er. 1882. AViliiam G. Waters ]nit 
it forth, but after a time sold the paper to K. K. Allen, now part 
pi'oprietor of the Viiilo)! Hci-ltiv. 

Van IIORNE " KXTERrRISE. " : ,. 

The \'an Hornr Enfi rprisr ne.\t appeared. April IT. 180], ami 
when it came into the hands u\' AV. II. Wheehn- of IMairstown it 
was ehang'ed to the Hrnton Coi'ii(;j lli ( ord, whieli is now edited and 
ov/ned by H. -T. Tireuer. The publication embraces a Keystone 


ilepartiiK'iit, known as the Kajsloitc Courier, \vhich has a local 
editor wlio "gets all the news." 

"j^rurxT Aim HN Npjws." 

'i'he Ml. Aiihiini V/fr.s- w;!s fu'.mded in .!ini". 1000, by .John 
iiills, bnt was sold to 11. B. Lizci-, id* the Lo J.'orfc Cily I'ruf/rcs-i- 
Ii< cirir. Idle paper has since been printed in that city, altiiough 
the office of jmblication is maintained at ]\It. .Aidjui'n. with E. L. 
JOsher as associate editor and IMiss Ada Call as local re[)orter. 

''Benton Cotntv Signal. " 

The J>< iiton Cuuntij Sig)ial was fonuded at Norway. b\' W. JJ. 
llolnnan. of Center Point, in Septend)er. lOOO. In 1002 d. E. 
Friis j)urchased tlic ]dant of Mr. Iloffnum a]id in 1.909 sold the 
business to John 'J'. Sinith, cashier of the First National liank of 
Norway. The f'^i'jNal is independent in everything. 

^ . Defi;nct NE\'.\PEi?s;. 

On the whole Blaii'stown has not proven a newspaper to\ni of 
sid'stantial fi'uits. all hough various joui'ualisti'- attempts wei/e 
made eai'ly and continued to a coniparati\td\' late date. ' lis first 
\n\]>r'V v,as the Jlinild. issued by W. II. Whech'r .March 1. 1S69. 
and pi'inted i'or some time at the oliicc of the l^ioph 's Jouinal. 
\'in1on. It ap{>eaicd also tliat tlie Jnnnx/l mamiu'ement controlled 
the cditoriid poliiy of tho iJlairstown |)ublication to sucdi i\]i extent 
as to insist u})on the insertion ot' mattej- into tlie If c raid whirh was 
in direi-t (»pi)ositi(in to .Mr. AAdH't-h-r "s views. This so 
offmsi'/c in tlie isialt-^r ot tlie rar.did.acy of e.\ ■( iovern(tr Stone for 
corsgress that Mr. Wheelej' remo\'ed fi'otu Hlairstown and tlie 
Hi raid , suspended publication. 

In danuary. 187G, the I nd' pi ndi nl was ostablished by S. P. 
Gi'over, who soon after transferred it to E. J I. fiarnes. ]Mr. liarnes 
failed, J. P. Wallace bought the tottering enterprise and for a 
number of years made x\ live newspaper of the I i\d< prmdcul . 

Among other early journals which ai'c iu)w d(?funct. as far 
as Benton county is coneerned. is the hnca Fiiu Slock Gazelle, a 
monthl\' whiidi was founded by ('. I\. Wilkinson and Comitany in 
duly. 1.^74. ;ind about two years afterward was sold and removed 
fi-om Vinton to Cedjir Kajiids. the p,ul)lication being even then in a 
tiourishine' condition. 



FiiJST School House — Foi;E^TALLF:D Hexky George — Kexton 
ro[XTY Scjioor. System — First Teachers' Ixstitute— School 
TowNsHH' — City .\nd \'iLi-A(,E .Schooi,s — Klral Ixdepexdext 
Districts — licvixo TxsTrrLTE--J>LAiRSTOwx Academy axd Schools 


Thomas Tolix axd ^YjEE — Prcf. T. F. Tdlix axd the Present— 
YixTOx Pi'HLic Schools — Belle Pi.alve Schools. 

Tlie first collection of scltlei's in Benton county which can be 
(liirniliod as a connnunit}' was that wlii'-h gathered on tlie northeast 
cornel- of section 34 anfi Yicinity. Pi)]k township, in the early '40s 
and became known as " Hoosiei- Point.'' In 1845 the Lockharts, 
the Peniintrtons. the Kendrn-'K-,. .tames Dowjis, Thomas Way. Bar- 
ney D. Sprini^e]-, Y^m. :\litt.hell, Caleb S. Hendrys and a few oth^^rs, 
uot toirether and airreed that a school house must be built. In 
those days both th<- buihliuir and tlu- condin-t of sm-h establishments 
were purely on the suhscripliou basis. 

' • • ' ' .' First Schooe Hocse. .,. . 

in 1S4G the loir house wa-. eon)]deted v/liich was to give tlie 
lirst dozen or su of Benton <ounty eliiidren tliei)" true start in life. 
It stood on seclion 25 (si.uthwest eoiiier) and the tirst little class 
wliieh irathered within its rude^ walls was taught by Franeis James 
Pig'aud, who is described as ;!!i i-ducated man who "wrote a magni- 
hcent hand — " the hit lei- iju-diheatiou la rue} \- determining the 
'•lassification ''educated man." ^Ir. Kiaaud lived in a little log 
eabiu near the site of a town named \YilmingtoiL whi'di was laid 
oat on si-etion 4. about a mi!"' <if rhe present Frb;ina in 
1S58. This pioneer schoolmaster died in 1S4S. He v\-as also the 
county surveyor, and as such laid <ntt iFarysville. the itrst town iu 
the cotuity. in 1S47. His seliool was loiated about half a mile to 

161 ... 

Vol. I— 11 


tlu' northeast, ;md a df.scrijitiou of the loir liouse in wliicli he taiiyht 
will apply to evei-y scliool hiiildiiip; of that |)erioil and i'ov ten 
yc'ars afterward. 

In one end of llie h)g house was a eliinin''y made of nmd and 
sticks of wood, with eartlien lu-arth inside and firephiee wide 
enoui^h and dee]-) pnout;h to t^nihiaee a fonr-foot back log', with 
smaller wood to match. In sunnner it was sometimes tilled with 
plants and flowers; adapted to a conservatory. For \vindows part 
of a log was cut out on cilhei side, the opening being covered with 
greased paper. AViiling liencln-s were made of wide planks; 
likewise seats and flooring. 


The iiecessity foj- schools was generally recognized by the early 
settlers of Benton county, who. in fact, craved more edu<-ntion for 
theii- children than their limit(;d njean.s could supply. Tiike other 
home-l)uilders tliey also ol)ji.N.-ted to the schemes of non-resident 
land owners to piu'chase })roj)erty and then hold on to it for a rise,; 
relying upon the hard and faitiiful labors of bona fide settlers to 
bring about su'-h an increase in values. Botli to discourage this 
kind of spccvdatioii and to assist them in the luiilding of school 
houses the assessors fixed upoji the plan of placing a.n especially 
high value upon such tracts of land, taxing it about as high as 
ini}) roved property. It is said that sevei'al of the touaiships of 
l-)enton county were among the first in Iowa to adopt this policy, 
which was a forestalling of one of Henry George's pet theories to 
"tax land S})eculators out of existence." The stor\' is told tiiat 
one non-residont easterner, who lield several tracts in Kane town- 
ship, came west in 1S57 to investigate the high rate of taxation. He 
iinaily comi)]ained to a. resident of tlie township that he had paid 
enough taxes 1<^ build two or three school liouses. The settler 
thereupon posted liim as to the method pursued in organizing school 
districts, and added that "sometimes the jteople t-hanged their 
minus after the tax was levied and boi-rowed the money back." 

. •:. ., ,.• Bexton" CorxTV School System. .t-, i, 

The schools in lUniton county were first systematized under 
the general legislative act of .Mai'ch 20. ISnS, by which each civil 
tov.-nsliip was made a school district, the oftii-e of county superin- 
tendent was created and aj)[)ropriations were made in aid of 


tcai'hcrs' in.stitules. X^arioiis iiuiirovenienti; liave been made upon 
till' oi\uanic law. As it iu)\v ap{)lies. Benton county is divided into 
teu si'liool townships, ten rural indc'iM^ndt'ut district tov.nships and 
twelve independent i-ity. town oi- villaire i-orporations, each governed 
\iy its board of directors. Srliooi orfii-e)'s may be of either sex and 
\vomeii may vote tor issuinu' b^uids lur school purposes, or for in- 
creasini;!: tax lev\'. . No member of tlie board may receive 
tion for any vo)-k done for tlie district in any capacity. The 
si-henie of education provides that the effect of stimulants, poisons 
and narcotics and vocal nuisic shall be taught in every school, and 
that the Bible shall not be exchuled. As a means of beautif^'ing 
tiio school grounds and eTicouragi)ig tree t-idture in a prairie state, 
the regidation is also in force that each corporation shall cause 
twelve trees to be set out and pioteeted on each school house site. 
ConijiulsorN' atteiidaiK-e is a part of tlie Iowa school la^\^ and library 
funds are created by withholding from the semi-annual apportion- 
ment from five to fifteen cents for each pupil residing in the school 
corporation. As tlie residt of the sad experience of comparatively 
recent years the doors of all scliool buildings in the cities and tov\'ns 
of Benton count>'. and all other sections of the state, are required 
to open outward. 

Fn^'ST Tkaciikrs' Insttti-te. 

The Teachcis' Association v.hicli was organized at Vinton in 
ISoT held only a few meetings, but on August 29, 1859. the first 
Teacliers' Institute ever held iii the county began its session at that 
place, under authority of the state law. The principal addiTsses 
were delivered b\- I'ruf. 1). F. Wells. Amos T)ean and Dr. J. L. 
h^nos. and an as.sociation wa.s formed with Julius Stevens as presi- 
dent : ^Ii^,s -Jennie Kiddoo nnd -Inmes Irving, vice presidents; A. E. 
.McQnaid. secretary ; and J. Austin, treasurer. As this was the 
organization of what Iims become one of the strongest features of 
the county's e<lucat!onal system the names of those in attendance 
ai-e given, the list fo/-)iiin<: cjuile a complete list of the public school 
teachers in 1859: Salina Blacklnirn. Frances Scott, ^Fary A. 
Rror<ks. Mai-garet C. -lenks. JariC L. Wilson. Flora Wilson, "Mary L. 
Sluitls, Jane Hudson, Anna ^fatthews, Sarah ^[eskinens, ]\[rs. Ann 
iu'(Hl. ^lary Spatford, Ann Brown, ^fargaret Pyne. Salina Heddin, 
Mary Kirkpidrick. Sarah Siinjjson. Ma)-ia Dickinson, Ellen Boyden, 
Mary Ann ^fcCamron. Daniel AVood, Andi-ew 'Martin, Amos Rogers, 
•James TIellai-, A\'. C. Parmctci', L. C'lingham. John F. T*vne, Natlian 


Hi'_-e. X. C. Keys, AY. C. Coniiell, A. C. McQiiaid. (jeortre L. States. 
F. D. Dean, S. Sticiaiey. K. L. Rowe. J. S. P]berhar1. A. Eberbart. 
M. llartwell, G. B. Gill. J. L. Davis, S. Wood. J. Jv. Thornps^>r.. B, 
V. Pa,L;e. Amos X. Dean. Joel J. Long. Sherman Tracy, Syren';> 0. 
Eaton. Jacob Austin, A. J. Dickin.son. S. Rowo and David Martin. 
Fii1y-tv.-(> in all. At tlie second session, also held in Yir-i:n. 
t'ij,dily teachei's u'ere in attendance. The first snperintender.t of 
schools of Benton county was Joseph Dysart. who went into oni- e 
under th<' act of ]\farc)i 20, 1858. 

School Townshii'S. 

The present superintendent. J. W. Jones, lias the cO'-jiTy 
schools well systematized, and is a tireless and skilful worker. 
Under the legal classificatioTi. folhnving are the ten seliool tO'^Ti- 
ships, with number of teachers, attendance and enrollment in each 
township : 

Tov.-nship Teachers 

J'.ig Grove 9 

l^rucc 8 

Eldorado • 8 

Florence 6 

Fremont 11 

Harrison • 6 

Le Roy 7 

]\Ionroe ^ • ' '9 

Taylor 9 

rni(^n 9 
























Total 82 902 ]:U4 

City .nnu Yiij..\ge Schools. 

Belle Plainc 
Mt. Auburn 



pu dance 





■ '%■ 






■ T 




. ^m^^ ' 

-'• 35 




2 ■ 






















Shell sbur<,' 
Van Home 

Total ■•■.::. 70 200S • 2510 

, , . > • IiT:iJAL IXDKI'EXDKXT DISTRICTS. ; ■> , 

There are 87 riu-al indepeniunil districts, whicli have 83 teach- 
ei'.s, "with au attcDdauee of 774 jjiipiLs and au eiirollinent of 1,367. 
One joint district (Irving) i.s under the supervision of Tania coun- 
ty and has an attendance of 12 and an enrollment of 32. 

A sujnnuiry of the above tipures shows that more than 225 
teachers are employed in 15entuii county, and that out of a total en- 
rollment of over 5,200 pupils some 3,700 actually are in attendance. 

Irvint I.vstitute. 

It is worthy of note that it was v.'itliin the present joint 
school district of Irving that tlie first higher institution of learning 
in Benton county was founded— this honor belonging to Kev. A. 
A. Sav\-in, a Baptist minister of great ability who came from 
.Massachusetts. Irving, on the northwest quarter of section 6, 
township 82, range 12, was tiie seventh town to be platted in Ben- 
ton county, October 10, 1855. In 1862 the following citizens 
dotmti'd of tlicir money, laud, materials or labor to the exteut 
named, for the purpose of ej\-(.ting and maintaining a high school: 
Levi :Marsh. !t;l,05n: Gw)rge ^<. Williams, $370; J. :\I. Yount, .$300; 
Andrt-w Hale. $290; S. AV. liutfon. $275; T. G. Arbuthnot, $170; 
:\rartin Smith. $150: Samuel Elites, $120; I. R. Compton, $120; 
Vj. Thompson, $100. Levi ]\larsh, as the largest donor and most 
influential man in the connnunity, v/as appointed by the subscribers 
as tnistee of tlie institute, and ^Ir. Sawin gave bonds to maintain 
a higli school for ten years or refund to those who had donated 
real estate. ., ; .,•,, ■ ' 

In the spring of 1862 the Irving Institute was opened in ]\rarsli 
Hall, but in the following yciir occupied a frame building erected 
l)y Mv. Sawin, The foundiitinn of a bride structure was laid in 
the spi'ing of ISGo. and the future ol the enterprise seemed bi'ight HISTORY OF BENTON COUNTY 

when it \\:is flondod by the sudden death, from .smallpox, of its 
earnest and gifted presid<:'n1. The widow and her brother, Pro- 
fessor Launii A. Sfott, of Veiniont, tii' n assiuiii'd the responsibility 
of earrying out i\Ir. Sawin's contract. Through the energy and 
faithful offnM^s df IMr. iMansh tlie necessary funds were collected for 
the eoMi>)Jciiou of the Institute buildiu.u, a?]d, with the exception of 
a short period in 1SG5. ]\Ir. Scott and ]\Ir.s. Sawin continued the 
school v.ith credit until the expiration of the ten-year contract 
in 187:?. At that tiin«:* Pj-of. J. G. Craven became principal and 
proprietor and. with the assistance of various members of his fam- 
ily, for many years maintained Irving Institute at a uniformly 
high standard. It was l(>ng considered one of the preparat';ry 
schools in tins part of the st;itc. many of its gj-aduates taking 
prominent rank in college and university. 

Jolm G. Craven was one of tlie best known supcrintendrnts 
of that er.i'l\' school of higher eflucatin]i. After graduating fri^m 
^Miami University at Oxford. <")hio. in 1845. he entered the theolo- 
gical seminar_\ at Covington. Kentucky, completed his course thert-- 
in in 1847. and was ordairifd to tlie lUiptist ministr-y in the sanic 
year. For tic^ succeeding tv.c^ily-tive years lie labored as a clergy- 
man in Indiana. Ohio, Minnesotji and Iowa, comijig to Irving, this 
county, in 187'2. To JissuTue charij-e (4 tlie institute. 

Blajr.stowx and Schools. 

The second of the acadeinies to be put in operation in Benton 
eomity was the institution at Blairstown. Its original project ~rs 
and most libi'ral ('onti'ibulors were Rev. Geo. Herring. T'riali Kt-ok. 
Henry :Miller, Caleb Carter. Lsaiah Morris, C. B. C'*anda!l, Henry 
Bell. Amos Dean and Jajnes Brain I'he a<-ademy was rouducr--^d 
under the aus])iees of th.e Evangelical church, its fii-st board of 
trustees, organized eai'ly iji 1868, being Rev. Y\'. J. Ilahn (princi- 
pal). Rev. George Herring and iMesscrs. Uriah Keck, Henry Miiler. 
James Brain and G. P.. Crandall. 

In the spring of USPkS the construction of the building was 
begun on the academy site. comi>rising four acres in the south- 
eastern part of the to\\'n. The two-story structure, 75 by 90 let^t 
in sizr. ^^•as inclosed and roofed during the sunnner. and it 'vas 
compk'ted in the fall, being formally cledicated on the first of 
October. Amos Dean, of Blairstown. made a suitable address on 
tlie Occasion, and Rev. Mr. Shontz. of Tipton, followed vrith appr---- 
priale remarks on "Christian l^ducation. " The llrst tenn of 


the academy o].eiied with a good attendance, under the instruction 
of Rev. W. J. Ilahu. assisted by Lloyd Fording, but the debt which 
had becL' h'tt \\\u,n tlie buiidiirg proved too lieavy for the Evangel- 
ical .Society to bear, and the projierty ])assed into the hands of 
the shei'ifr. Tn 1870 W. S. Shon purchased it at public sale, and 
during the year of liis ownershij) no school was held. In 1872 
Iicv. ^fj'. liaile bought the property in behalf of the lieformed 
l*resbyterian church, and the building was remodeled at a cost of 
$3,000, but in 1876 the classis of that church also found the property 
so uuremunerati\e that it sold the building and grounds to Pro- 
fessor John ]\IeCarty. a higldy educated Irishman who had been 
princ-ijjal of the Vinton public schools for three years. Four 
teacheivs assisted Professor ]\IcCarty (including his wife) and for 
many years, under their management and proprietorship, tlie 
Blairstowii Academy stood remarkably high. 

The following testimonial, unanimously signed, was given in 
1877. but would ai)}ily at any pei-iod of the ^IcCarty administra- 
tion : "'j'lic undesigned, residents of Blairstown and vicinity, 
take plea.sure in giving tlicir testimony to the satisfactory success 
with which }-*rofessor ^NlcCarty and liis excellent wife have con- 
ducted the academy during the past year; and we woidd recommend 
the institution as wortliy the })atronage of such parents as desire 
to give tlu^ir sons arid daughter.s an education to tit them for the 
various spheres of usefulness that lie open before thein in our 
growing country. The patrons and fj'iends of the sc-hool cheer- 
fully accord to Professor and ]\Irs. McCarty the merit of first class 
educators :and we have no liesitancy in sirving that all pupils en- 
trusted to tlieir guardianship will not fail to receive thorough 
i)!sli-uetioii in all branc};Cs of learning they may pur.-^.ue. and 
jH'oper care for their morals.'' 

The attendance at Bhtii-slowu Academy dui'ing tlie winter 
term of lo77-7S was seveuty-six, and during Professor McCarty 's 
l)i"incipalsiiip it considerably exceeded that. The institution re- 
mained under private management until its suspension in 1894, 
when l^rofessor Stevenson was in cliaru'e. 

Blairstown is now accdmodated with fine school facilities 
through its liigh and gi-annncr courses whi'-h are conducted in a 
substantial and modern ])uilditig. t*l-ected in 1004 at a cost of 
$15,000. The attendauce avera.ues 150 pupils. L. 0. \Vorley, the 
principal, is a.ssisted by four teachers. 

The Ixiard of education for the Blairstown school corporation 
in 1910 was as follows: J. II. Pansoiu, pr-esidt'ut : Dr. A. J. Bryant. 



secretary; A. F. Allen, treasurer: other directois. :\I. A. Heek, W. 
lu. Davis, ]\r. F. Rrueli and G. AV. rJoss, Jr. 


In llio late flf1i•^s f-ariicst elTcn-ts were made by leading; citizens 
of Vinton to secure an institntion of learuing in their midst. As 
the Presbytery of Iowa was loolcin-^- for a site for a college, it was 
eonsidfi'ed I'ather a favurablc tijnt' to agitate the project. Cedar 
Kapids. howovej-, best uK-t th^ requirement.s of that body, and 








# = 


^1 «^ 

■" .1: 

1 it " 


Tii,F(M;n cOLi-Lci.vTi; .\c.\i)F.\; \ . vi.viox. 


Parson's Aeademy was located in that city. On ]\Iarcli 1, 1S57, 
articles of incorporation had been tiled by Jolm S. Tilford, N. C. 
Robinson, J. C. Traer. James F. Younii, -lohn Siiane, John AV. 
Filkins. IT. l'>. Clinijan. L. I). lioanlweJl. Russell Jones, AVilliam H. 
Hri.stol and Jt)spph Yoiin<r. for the Vijitoii Collegiate Institute, 
providintr for a capital stock of $10,000. Sixty subscribi-rs jjlaced 
their names to considerably more than tliat amount (on paper), but 
little of a practical nature was accomplished. In September, 1S5S, 
;) meeting of the stockholders v,-as held, when R<^'v. N. C. Robinson 
was president find Joseph Dysart secretary, with A. C. Williams as 
principal. It cippears that a few students were formed into 
classes under th*; half-hearted instruction of the latter, but no 
attempt was m;ide to erect a building, and iiothing furthcj- was 
accomjdished m actual furtherance of such a project until tJie \nu- 
ter of 1S70-1. 

Joiix S. Til FORD. 

Johu S. Tilford. who h;id come to Yinton twenty years before 
as one of its fii-st half dozen settlers, had never eciised to labor for 
the highest iiiterests of his adopted town, and an institution of 
higher education had continued to be one of the ambitions nearest 
his heart. Professor S. A. Knapp. the prijicipal of the College 
for the Blind, which had been located at Yinton. was deeply 
interested in tlie project. Fortunatel\'. also, tlie latter had among 
his eastern acquaintances a liright, earnest and stanch Irishman, 
highly edu<-ated. whom he had first met at Fort Edward Collegiate 
Institute, New York. The eastern friend had made a deep im- 
{Ucs.sion on Professor Knapp, and ^v!len a sji'M-ial turn in one of 
Tilr. Tilford 's ]-)ro})erty investments ])ron)is' xl to ri^sult in th.e dona- 
lion of iirounds for the h)nc-d'.-.>iied institute of learning, the mind 
of the former instinctively turned to Rev. Thomas 1\-)1)in. a Baptist 
clergNTuan of New York since 18G3. This combination of circum- 
stances and men residted in the founding of the Tilford Collegiate 
Academy in T^Tl. ■■■■<•. 

'!»'- ■ '" ■ Rf.v. Thomas Tohin and Wife. 

For soDie time Mi-. Tilfoi-d had hchl a heavy mortuage on the 
grounds of tlie Auricultui-al Society, and in March ai-rangcments 
were eompU'tcd witli the tru-^tecs of that organization by which the 
huul in (Hustion was (h'tnled to Mr. Tobin. on conditiiui that he 


build thereon aud eonduct an academy for a term of at least five 
years. The three-cornered correspondence between ^[r. Tilford. 
I*rofe.ssor Kiiapi.> and Mr. Tobin liad progressed so rii.pidly aial 
satisfactorily that the last named was in Vinton soon after the ink 
had dried on Prof. Knapp's last nrpfent letter to him. ^^ccording 
to *iie mutual aurcement the old *rrounds of the Agricultural So- 
liety were transferred to him, and he promptly invested all his 
private means in tlie enterprise. Within sixty days after he placed 
foot in Vinton the plan for the academy was completed aud tliir- 
teen teams and tweuty-five men were at worlv grading, setting out 
trees, aud preparing the foundation for the building which is now 
the west part of tlie Ladies Hall and originally used as a day school 
only. AVithin live months from the time of beginning work, Pro- 
fessor Tobin had completed and furnished the academy; and he 
had also demonstrated his energy and persuasive powers in another 
directioji, for he had gone to Vermont, married and returned with 
a bright, faithful, edncated wife, who proved his stanch assistant 
for many years thereafter. She was formerly ]\Iiss AUio 0. 
Griswold, of Castelto\ni. that state, and in her collegiate work at 
Vinton attained a high reputation both as an artist and teacher. 
In tlie early yeai*s he also had the valued a.ssistance of his nephew, 
l^rofe.ssor T. F. Tobin. ^\•ho conmeuced his splendid labors for the 
college while he was still a sophomore at Cornell University. 

In Alay, 1S71, the foundation for the first building had been 
completed and mure than fne hundred trees set in the groinuls. 
aiid so rapidl.N' was the work prosecuted tiiat the dedicatory exer- 
cises were held on Saturday evening. July 30, the address being 
delivered by l^rofessor Knapp at Watson's Hall. In the course of 
his ;iddre-.-> he quiited the remark originally made })y tlie president 
of the J''orl ]]dward iN. Y.) Collegiate Seminary when IMr. Tobin 
had graduated therefi'om. to the effect that "he can be dependeel 
upon." The stamp of perfect reliability continued to be elearl\- 
(h-fiued upon his pei-sonality during the thirteen years of his man- 
agement, and the same trait is the strong feature in the able per- 
sonalit\- of the Jiephew, who has been faithfully and successfully 
engaged in the development of the institution for iiKU'e than a 
(|uarter of a century, until now it ranks as one of tlie leading 
Western collegiatt^ aeademies, engaged in educational work pre- 
jiaratnry to uni\ersity eourses. te^U'liing and business life. 


Prof. T. F. Tobis and the Present. 

In 18S4, soon after hi^ 'jTraduation from Cornell, the present, 
head of the institution pin-chased the bnihiing:s. o^rcunds and 
patronaj^e of the Tilford Collegiate Aeadrmy, and situ-e that year 
lie has been its principal ai-d su])erint'nnlrid in every sense of the 
word. Like his energetic and talented uncle, while h(^ has "made 
things move," he has also inspired a stroiig and constant spirit of 
euthusias}u and loyalty among both studcnls and teachers of the 
faculty. The attendance of students from a, distance .soon made it 
nece.ssary to provide boarding facilities. To supply tiiis need a 
large addition was made on the east side ol' the main buih:ling for 
the aecommodation of young ladies, and still of this a stnic- 
ture was erected for young men. in 1S[>2 was completed the fine 
three .story firick building known as College Hall, its location be- 
ing diagonal froisi the original school and its site also donated by 
.1. S. Tilford. ^^ince that ti«,if th(^ progress of the institution has 
been rapid and so substantial that the authorities of the state 
university, some years ago. placed it on tlie list of fully accredited 
schools. Students come from Florida. New Yoi-k, New ^lexico. 
Kansas. Nebraska. North and South Dakota. :\[iunesota, ^[irhigan. 
^lissouri and other states. It has a well selected library of over 
two thousand volumes on the first tloor of College Hail, on which 
is also a well equipped lab(vratory ami the principal's office. ^ The 
<'onunercial school oecupies the entire third floor of the buildine. 
and its counse embraces not only the u.s\u\l brandies taught in busi- colleges but a and normal curriculum for those 
who wish to teach aiiy or all its branches. 

In bJ'ief. the Tilford Collegiate Academy is an institution con- 
ducted for the education of pupils of average means. \v'ho desire 
to become ti-ained and uscf\il members of society. No entrance 
examinations are rcpiiied and students can enter at any time and 
select their own studies. The regular coui-ses, however, are the 
college preparatory, the teaehere'. musical and commercial, each 
presided over by expert educators in their line, under the .superin- 
tendency of l^rofessor Tobin. There aie now two hundred and 
seventy-five students enrolled in all tlie eourses. with the following: 
faoilty: Thomas Fiancis Tobin, A. M.. principal and superin- 
tendent (Cornell College), professc^r of [,sy<-holugy. mathematics 
and didactics; ^liss Emma Louise Stone, dean of women (Oberlin 
College), professor of Latin, modern languages and English litera,- 
tureTFred S. See«,Mniller (Xorthwrsterii ('..liege. University of 


t;hie-aoo), jirofessor of matheniatit-.s, science and economics; Nilas; 
O. Shivcly. principal of Business dAW^i- (North .A[ancfiestcr Husi- 
ncss CoHc-.'. Indiana Tniv^rsity ; . professor of civics and history: 
and .Miss Hlea.nor Ifouts. director of tlic (:on.srrvatorv of :\Iusic 
(Conservatory of ^lusic. Cornell Colic-.-,, t.^achcr of piano, noi-nial 
nnisi,- and choral work. Jn this .-otnicction it niio'lit be added 
that the oryan of the student body is a tastciid and creditable 
publication issued for the first time in lOO!) and entitled -'The 
Greoi and Gold" (from the eolleudate colors^. 

ViXTOx I'vDLu: .Schools. 

The first school in Vinton a^'i-ejnontj Avas taueht in the old 
court house in the fall of 1852 by Cpo)-ue ]>arish: he also was 
teaehiiiu- in the wintei- f-rm of is.:,2-:;. when th.^ <-ourt house burned. 
During the following sunnner .Miss Jennie Chapij] taughi in a little 
brick building on .Main stivet, known as Alexander's oihce. A 
si-houl house was liuilt before the end of that summer, and in the 
fall :drs. Fellows taught the lirst .si hool in it. 

^'inton Ava.s organized as an indej>endent school district or 
corporation in 1S61. its first boai-d me.-tino ])eing lield ojj April 6th. 
witli Jose},h Dysarl as president and AV. AY. IJanford secretary. 
Its bounds wei'e tixed by a connniftee of the board in consultation 
with tlie township district officers. On the 2L>d of tlie board, 
rejii.'d the basements of the New School Presbyterian and Metho- 
dist chuivhes. and on the 4th of th^- following month. E. Bennett. 
r. E. Traer. Fannie Kiddoo. N<dlJ,' Howe and .\rrs. J. F. Youncr 
wmv employed as teachers and took i>os,-.ession of these temporary 
<iuarters. :\lessrs. Adams. YTel.b ;iod AVa^son. members of tl^^^ 
])oard appointed to look out for a s.-hool h,ms<- site, rrported in 
favor of J. S. Tiliord's olfer. and in M;iy it was voted to give him 
an ord.-r on the c<MinTy treasure]- as part i^ayment. The buildimr 
\yas comi^letrd in tti.^ f,-,]] of b^fM am! the board celei)rat-ed New- 
Year's day of IStif) l,y vacali7ig the .-huivh basements for .school 
puri)oses. At the arjnual election in 1872 it was voted to i^sue 
])nn(]s for the erection of a new building in the third ward. 

(bi March ^■^. b^Tfi. the peoph- voted in favor of an issue of 
J|il0.()!io in bonds for the ere.-tion of anotlier s.-hou! building', which 
amount was increased l.y s2.nO() in June. AVhat is now known as 
th.^ AVesi buildijig was then-by .■omi-b'tcd in ]S77. For many 
years it was the high school buildiiur. and was o[)ci!<-d with the 
following c(,ri)s of teachers: 11, M. li,„,n. priie-ipal : .Marv 1). 



W;ifiii>r, ;i>sisi;iiit ; Ali'-f ^l. IJiiiuluiin. ^lis. X. E. Pierre'. ]\[ary E. 
.^^;u■ill(^ A'hi ^'l)T■i'>;. ]\Iattir \'(»ris. ("iat-c I\. Van Horn. Ora ^I. 
K<>tcliuiii. Yri'.niA ?.raivelliis. I'tta A. Pahiier. Miss C. S. Hall and 
:^riss W. A. P>niT. 

^Vllat i^ Ini'iwn as tin E.isl school of \'inlon was destroyed by' 
tir<' Xoveiiil).'!- l'4. I>^n7. and tin' biiildinir which replaced it (com- 
pleted in T)cc(M;il)cr. 18!'S) accomniodates both hi2;h and Lrranimar 
tirades. It is a tine stnu-turc two stories and basement, built of 
brick with cnl-stniie ti'iniminus ; slate roof and dormer windows; 
liard majile Moors: steel ceiJinu-s; ventilated, both direct and indi- 
rect, the circulation of air beins: forced bv a fan in the ba.sement 


<ilP~'> 4*. 


■i^^£?'e?».' . ■- i 

— ^b^ -3-ir. 



. ^^- i=»J^iSii*cit4t^£J 

lIRJil ^(■^00L BLILDIXG. \ INTOX. 

run by a small steam enyine; li'^hted ]>\' electricity, and supplied 
with every otiiei- e(mvenicnce known to the modern school. Tlie 
liuildin^j: and LM-onnds ai-e vahu:"d at $4(1000. On the first floor 
are seven class i-ooms for t!.e 'jrannnar grades, and on the second 
tioor are one class room and four recitation rooms for .the high 
school, with laltoT-atories. lil»raT-y and prin<-ipars ot'fice. 

The pi-csHut attendance at tlie lii<i-h school is about 140, tlie 


^'raiimuir ^^nules c-oiiij^risinir some 260 pupils. ]\ru.sic-. drawing 
iitj(.l manual traiuinii: ai"e iueluded in th'^ curriculum. 

In IfiOT the ^Vesl scliool was rcinoilrh'.] thT'ouy:li(^ut. new heat- 
ing ami \cntilating- apparatus hein:u' installed and tlie structure 
made modern in every rfspcct. ^lorc than 230 pupils are in ut- 
tendamr, tlic total for ll.' iity hcin;.' about 630. Twenty-one 
teaclicrs arc cmidoxed — six in the high seliooh seven in the East 
school, six in the West school and one each for nnisic and dra^\^ng. 

The siii)crintendent of the city schools is A. ^I. ]M. Uonion 
ami the hiirli school [)fincipa!. James Kae. 

The hoard of dii'ectoi-s of the Vinton schools consists of (1910) 
the followinc;: President. S. liobinson ; secret^Try, ]\Iilo R. Whipple; 
treasurer, Oeorge Know; C. AV. Miller. George N. Urice. F. G. 
Bryner and Ueorge D. AlcElro\'. 

; l^f:i.LE Pi-.\iNE Schools. 

Belle I'hunc was platted as a tov.ii in 1S60. and in the winter 
uf 1^(52-3 the lew children wliich had gathered on its site and in 
the vicinity were collected by Mesdames Greene and Pillbeam and 
organized into two small s(diools. The latter was the wife of a 
Alethodist circuit preachm'. 

The school population increased .so i-apidly that Belle Plaine 
"wlfs organized into an inde]>endent district Septeml)cr 4. 1S65. by 
the elei.-tion <jf the following board of directors: Dv. John Stowe, 
pre.sident ; Presley Jlutrou. vice president; I). C. Forbes, treasurer; 
D. G. Twogood. secretary; Peier Ilafer. E. G. Brown and A. Stein- 
a.(de. In Decendici- a room was rented of Air. f)aniels for school 
purp(\sfs. at tliirteen dol!;.i's pci- month, and the boar>l pivscribed 
a.s text liooks — AlcCiufiV-y's Keaders. Pijineo's Grannuar. Ray's 
Ariihi/ictic. and Afonteith's and AleXally's Geography. Air. Ken- 
nedy was employed to terich the school, but was soon given an as- 
sistant ill the ])< rson of .Miss Gupid. (X. B. — This is not a joke.) 

In Alarcli, 1866, a tax levy of ten mills was voted to build a 
brick school house, with str)ne foundation, on the north side of the 
railroad, but the low state of the city purse prevented its actual 
erection until the fall of 1867. Even then Belle Plaine was obliged 
to modify her amlution ft-om a $10,000 school house to one of 
$1,500, ^f^l.()O0 of which had been JKuwowed of Vinton p;irties. In 
1S70 the scliool was L'raded and in 1875 a brandi building was 
erected for the acconuiiodation of the district. 

Ill 1s7:i the Eoncferiow s-hov'.l was erected a1 a cost of -tlO.OOQ; 


tlio prrsciit high sfhoiil huildini: (a largt' twd-slory red brick) in 
18SI. at a cost of $"20, 000, and the Lonirfelhiw and P^nierson sehonls 
(th'TouLrhly niodiTii) in IfJO]. at .tlO.OoO i-adi. 'J^lic liitrh sr-hoo]. 
which is situated just north of the ijcourriphical center of Belle 
Plainc. is attended hy ;djout :]'■]() jninils. the five irraraniar -rrades 
l)cinLr also accojumodated in the huildinii'. The rj()ngfejh)v/ scliool, 
with an attendance of some 20O. is in tlie sonthern part of town, as 
is tlie small two-i-oom school, the Emerson, with 70 scholars. The 
Wliiltier is attended by abont 100. A new high school building is in 

The lielle riaiiie system is under the active manrtgement of 
Warren J. Dean, ^vho is botli superintendent of schools and princi- 
pal of the high school. The eity board of education conisists of 
Dr. J. AVorley. president; 0. IJ. Alncns. secretary; Thomas Law- 
rence, treasurer; S. Wertheim. W. A. Mall. A. A. Cai'lson and Tom 
TI. Milner. 

,t 1.-, 

.. (1,,- :!...■ [.' .. ,! 


■r.^ :^ d...: f 

(1;. •-•■• 

• I .-.I. »1».' 



Bv Georgh ]). Eatox, Sfin:KiXT!:xDi:;xT. 

Captaix Thomas J)i;r.\i:vioxi) — 1*K'.ifi:s,sok Sa-MUKi. P.acux, 
FiiiST Pkixcifal — Go!.lk(;k Eohmallv Oi-kxeu at Vjxtox — Two 
WiXGs Added — "'J'o.m'" OKf-MMoXD Agaix — "Yes; It Is AVdrth It 
All" — Tki's'i F.Ls to i;1'; JiKmiimbkukd — Prks];x'1' Okgaxizati<)X op 



Tile ofticial title of this iiislitutitm, which, eoiidiicted under 
lIiL' ;ius])i(-es of th'' state of Iowa for Dioro than i"ift>'-seveii yenrs. 
lias\<'d a contiiiinais record of useful ;uid l)ei)efieent ad\"anee- 
)ueni. iudii-ates that its object is. priniai'ily. of an educational 
nature. Those of both sexes cU'e adwinced virtually to a uni- 
versity currie\duin. and the\- ;ire also tauuht practical oceiipjstions 
which aie in eep,.!-;,! ileui'rnd. as wt^ll ;is instrumental and vocal 
musie iu all its forms. Some who are v.diolly bereft of proper 
.i;uardi;inship in the early period of their lives thus enjoy twelve 
\ear.s of educ-ation. traini)i<r and well-considered guidance. These 
jidvanta.m's are free to e\<M\v per.son who is blind, or only p:irtly 
allhcted, Tov^vidc:! he is a resident of the state and of suitable scl'.onl 
iiL'e and nientid capacity. If the i^'uardinns oi' fi'iends are able. 
tht'\' are exi)ected to [lay Iraxelinu- e.Kpenses ajui furnish clothing; 
if not, such e.\i>enses are borne by the comity from wliich the pu])il 
conies. This school opens Septi-mber 1st arxl closes the last Frida\' 
in the following ]\Iay. Foi- the suj^port of tlie College for the 
Blind the state ;ip})ro{>riates twenty-t\\o dollars per capita per 
month. duriiiLT nine months of each year, the same a.mount allowetl 
the School for the Deaf at CouTicil Hlutfs. 

Captalx Tii().m.\s l)i-;rAnu)XD. 

The College for the l>lind at \'inton has reached its j)resent 
, • 176 


status only after earnest effort (m tlio part of both tlie state and 
the k)eal nianaLrt-iuent extending', as stated, over more than half a 
century. In October. 1910. it will linve bi^ni located at that point 
fur forty-ei.L!lu years, and the large mural Tablet fronting the main 
(entrance of the ])rinci])id building briefly tells the story of Captain 
Tliomas Drummond's life, to v.-hose efiorts the renioval of tlie in- 
stitution from Iowa Citv i.s due. 


Fifth Cavalry. V. S. A. 
Born Brooks County, Virginia, ^May 9, 1832 

. Edited the Vinton Eagle, 1S57-G0 

^fember Iowa House of Rep?-esentatives, 1858 

State Senator. 18G0 

lie seeui'od the establishment of tliis college. 

Wounded at the Batth' of Five Foi-ks, April 1. 1865 

•■- '' ■ ' Died the following day. 

Professor Bacon, Fir.-<t Puinx'11"al. tti 

Prior to Captain Drunniiond 's introduction of the bill in the 
Idwcr house of the Iowa legislature, which providedfor the removal 
of the Asylum for the Blind from Iowa City to Vinton, the 
institution had passed throuirh neai-Iy six years of trying times. 
In Augu-t. lSr)2. Professor Sanuiel I^acon. who had lost his sight 
at the age of eleven, been edii'-ated in the Institution for the Blind 
at Columbus and at Ken>-on College, and. in his early manhood 
established an institution for the aftlicted at Jackson\'ille. Illinois, 
founded a similar institution for the Instruction of the Blind at 
Keoktik. By ait of the general assembly, ap]>roved January IS, 

Vol. 1—12 


ISoi), it was called the Asyluiu for the Blind and located at Tow a 
City. On t!ie 4th of April it was opened for tlic reception of 
pujiils. fj'oe to all the blind of tlic state. The board of trustees 
retained Professor I'acon as principal, and appointed T. J. 
^rcGitti;?en as teaciic?- of mnsic and ]\lrs. Sarah K. ]^>acon as matron, 
'i'wenty-three pupils were admitted during the first term. In his report the worthy prinei{)al suggested that the name be changed 
to that of Institution for the Instruction of tiic P,lind, whi(di was 
dojie in 1855. when the general assembly made an annual appro- 
[)riation of fifty-five dollaj's per (|uarter for each pupil. This was 
sid)sequently eluuiged to three thousand dollars per annum, witli 
a charge of twenty-five dollars as an admission fee for each 
pupil, which, with the amounts realized from the sale of articles 
man\ifactured l\v tlie scholai's, met the expenses of the instituticni 
during IMr. Bacon's administratieai, which closed in January. JS62. 
The professor was both a good manager and a fine scholar, and 
stones relating to his remarkable mathematical gifts are told by 
'"'Id resicients to tliis day ; and they learned both to thoroughly lo\-e 
and admire his character. 

Collp:ge FoR^[Al;I;y Opened .vt Vixtox. 

liev. Orlando Clarke succeeded Professor Bacon as principal, 
a)id in the follo-sving October (lS62j the state board of trustees 
fonnally opened the iiistitution at Vinton witli tv.-enty-four pupils. 
The huilcling, whi<-h still stands as the central portion of the main 
college structure, is of limestone, o?ie hundred and seventy feet in 
dimensions, three stories and basement. 

In August, 1864. when a new board of trustees was appointed 
1).\- the legislature, iicv. Reed AVili'cinson was elected principal, at 
wliich time s!xt\"-five pupils wore enrolled and each of the three 
de}iartments of music, liieratui'c and the mechanical industries 
was under the in.struction of two teachers; there were also a matron 
and attending ph.x'sician. 

]\rr. "\Yillcinson i'e.signed ux June, 1867, and General James L. 
Geddcs was appointed in his place during the following September. 
A br;ive ofiicer of the Civil war, he was somewhat lacking in 
executive and administrative ability, and at his retirement in 
September, 1800, was succeeded by Professor S. A. Kuai:)p, 



Two AVi.xGs Added. 

In t}\(' siicci'i'diuu- moTiti) tli^' soutli \vii;u- of Ac iiuiin l>uilding 
was compk'tei.1. and in Xoveniber. 1873, the north wintj was fmishod. 
Professor Knapp. who is considered one of the ablest principals 
wJio ever presid<d over- the active aft'air^ of the institution, re- 
signed his position July 1. 1S75, after whicli Rev. Orlando Clarke 
returned to the superintendency. hut died while in office, April 2, 

'■*??'5Srs^,i- ,. 


IOWA cvH.i.i.Gi'; iOti Tiij; blind 

(bEFOKI; ADDING OF wings) 

187G. Jolni ]>. Parinalec. who had been assistant principal, suc- 
ceeded, but resiirned in .July. 1877. and was followed by Rev. 
rvobert Carothers. At that time the institution Irad one hundred 
and thirty-five pu])ils, as against twenty-three wlien it was first 
opened at Yinton. Air. Carothers \\as followed by T. F. ]\[cCune. 
who was sui^crintendent. or principal, for ;i period of thirty years, 
and was followed by I'rofessur J. E. A'ance. who resigned as super- 
intendent of tlie Ijinn county schools in didy. 190G, in oi-der to 
accept his call to the College for the Rli)id. George D. Eaton, 
the present in<-uaibcnt. sucicediM,] ]*s!r. Yaitci- in August, IOCS. 


"Tom" Drimmond Agms. 

In any i-cviow df tin- liisfory of {hv Colh'j^c fui- the Blind the 
name of Tom Drunimond, as ho was afTeetionntcly called by his 
hosts of friends, appeai-s up]> and when his memorial tablet 
was nnveiled ]\lay 2(\ lOOj. tliore were numerous evidences that 
the old-time feeling toward him and his good work was still as 
strong as when he was present in tlie flesh. It was in the early 
'50s that he eame into the west and, a,s a young man, settled at 
Yinton. A natural politician and {uiblic s|)eaker, witty and .vet 
straightforward and practical, he was soon in active demand at all 
Republican gatherings and became one of the most popular and 
trusted men in the count.N'. Synipathetic, as well as soeia.l, he 
enthusiastically espoused tlie cause of the weak aiid unfortunate, 
and his able editorship of tlie Viiifo)i Eagle brought him the promi- 
nence which enabled him to secure election to both houses of the 
state legislature and fornaulate leErislation which resulted in the 
broad and firm establisliment of tlie College for the Blind. He 
had oidy fairly cv)mpleted his task in the state senate. Nchcn he 
joined tlie first company raised for the support of the Union in 
Benton count.v. and went to the front vrith all the enthusiasm of 
his ardent nature and Virginia antecedents. 

"Yes, It Is Wcmiii It All." 

Although of southern birth. Captain Dniraraond was of Abo- 
litionist parentage, and was a soldier of moral con^'^ctions and 
fortitude. In December. 1S61. he was appointed lieutenant 
colonf^l of th; I'oiirlh Il>\^■a C-n'alry; served as such in Arl-'onsas 
and Tennessee, and in Jun.", 1SG2. resigned and vras transferred to 
the Fifth Cavalry operating with the Army of the Potomac. He 
participated in tlie ])attlcs of South ^Mountain and Antietam; was 
made captain duly 17, 1862, and 3, 1S68, provost marshal 
of a cavalry corps, with the rank of colonel. Rejoining his regiment 
at AYiui'hester. Vii-einia, he was in command until the close of the 
Richmond camj)aign in the following Febniary. He was also in 
command between Dinwiddie Court House and the battle of Five 
Forks, l)eing mortally wnundfd at the lattei- engagement. April 1. 
1865. He died at eight o'clock in the morning of the next day, 
dud a few moments Ijcfore his maidy advance into the future life 
the chaplain of his regiment aski'd ]iim if he was williiig to give 
liis life for his (■ountr\'. "^"e-;." lu' answi'-cd with one of his 






r ■% 



bright smili's. \\}iich died calmly on his pale lips— "Yes; it is 
worth it all." 

TkI^STKES 'j'O BE Reme-mbered. 

Among the trustees whose iiaiije.s ari^ inseparably connected 
with [h. pr.t-ress o[ the Colle-e for the Bii]i<I should be gratefully 
mentioned those of Samuel il. Watson, Jacob Springer, .Judge C. 
11. Conklin and Hon. Joseph Dysart. Mr. AVatson came to Vinton 
from West Virginia, when a young man, locating there in 1857, 
organizing the First National Bank of that city and being engaged 
in the bankijig busines.s continuously until his death August 7, 1S95. 
He was a trustee and treasuj'er of the college from ]869 to 188S, 
and it was largely due to his faithfulness to its interests and his 
business ability that it was linanced into a substantial condition. 

Ho-n. Jacob Springer^ who is so widely known throughout 
Benton county, had served as a trustee for twenty-five years when 
he retired June 30. 1898. Not oidy had he given freely of his 
time and means in fui'theraiu-e of the institution, but his home was 
always open to any .>pecialiy sc\-ere cases of suffej-ing or mi.sfortune 
which required a i.nore than usual amount of attention. 

As will appear in tlieir sketches published elsewhere. Judge 
C. II. Conklin and Hon. Joseph Dysart were among the most 
brilliant and prominent pi-ofessional and public men of the countv 
and state. 

Of the teachers early connecttKl with the College for the Blind, 
who afterward attained higli standing in the community, are in- 
stanced ^\. L. V'ard, who is now a leading California lawyer, and 
C. 0. Harrington, who became a state trustee and a prominent 

1'resent Okoaxjzation of TJiE College. 

As at present organized, under the superintendency of 'Mr. 
Eaton, till' College for the Blind embraces the administrative. 
financial supervisory, medical, nursinir. lilerary, nuisical and in- 
dustrial department. 

The literai'y oi- educationad department, provides for the regu- 
lar courses of study covcririg the eight grades of the eonnnon 
bi-anches and the foui- of hiirh school work, and embraces the librarv 
of over six tliousand volumes, divided into point print, for those 
who are blind, and the ink print, for pupils of defective sight. The 
college is well supplied with apparatus for the teaching of physical 
science, and a numl)er of typewriters are also furnished for prac- 
tice and use. 


]\rusic Depakt.mknt. 

tjtriclly speakiiiir, the niusic depart nient fiills iiiKlcr the hc-ad 
of ediu-atioiia], and tlie traijiing and c\ihure in' this line are most 
iuiportant features of tlie earj-ieuluin. Two leaeliers are provided 
for the piano, pipe organ, vocal music and the theory of music ; 
and another instructor teaches tlie smaller instruments, such as the 
violin, flute and other orchestral and band pieces. A high grade 
pipe organ is installed in the assembly room, which is a commodious 
hall, furnished ^vith taste; and the eighteen pianos, twenty-six 
violins and the flutes, clarionets, cornets and other brass and string 
instruments, provide a sufficient supply of means for the grati- 
fication of all musical tastes — and very few of the bUnd pupils 
are not thus iuelined. one hundred of the total one hundred and 
seventy-five being enrolled in the musical department. 

In tln^ connection is also the room set aside for the teaching 
of piano tuning, altliougli this course is a part of the industrial 
division. A competent graduate of the college is in charge of this 
work and his blind pupils have before them for practical demon- 
stration tlie works of a number of instrnments. which are tuned 
and untuned until proficiency in the trade, o)- jnofessiou. is 
attained. In the literary pro])er some one hundred and 
fifty ])upils are enrolled. ■ . 


In the industrial department, which occupies a separate build- 
ing. studeT)1s of both .sex(>s work at cane .seating and rn.'tling. There 
is also a l)ro!>m fa.;toi\v, ii) operation during a portion of tlie year, 
v.hile tlie irrounds give ample opportunity' to indulge in gardening 
during the seasonable monllis. The girl.--- devote tben.iselves more 
e.speeially to fancy work, i-a^g' c^S^K^,*? and bead \v-ork. the sale of 
these articles and of those turned out generally by the industrial 
department, being a considerable source of revenue. 

The operations of the college are ct)nducted by competent help 
and the Idtchen, bakery and laundr_\' are models of neatness and 
system. 'J'he laundry is conducted in a two-story brick building 
and is snj)i>lied with all tlu- latest ma<-hinery and apparatus found 
in the ittttr-opolitan cstablishmetit. 



A neat and convenient hospital building lia,s been completed 
witliin late years for the special .I'-cunnnodation of pmpils who 
\indei-^'o ophthalmia ojicrations. at ilie skillfid hands of the visiting 
sui'geoTi. l)r. L. AV. Dean, of the Iowa University. ]\rary of the 
students have alsu been greatly beiiefited by the daily treatments 
carried out by the trained nurses under his direction. These 
operations and treatments are often beyond the reach of students 
at their hojnes, but constitute a gift which the state gladly accoi-ds 
them. I\lany of the students liave also been fitted -with artificial 
eyes and glasses. All troubles of the eye arc treated under the 
direction of Dr. Dean, while the general health of the institution is 
conserved by Dr. C. C. Grittiji, one of the tru&st friends the college 
has ever had. 


The general assembly of 1908 appropriated twelve thousand 
dollars for the bniMing of a new gymnasium, which, with the funds 
already on liand. will make about fifteen thousand dollars. This 
new gymnjuvium ^\ ill be begun in th.c spring, and it is ex})ected that 
it will be finished by the fall of UJIO. Witli a well equipped 
gymnasium and a comi:>etent dii'cetor of physical training, mudj 
good can be done to improve the jvliysii-al conditio]^ of the blind. 

Pkoff.ssok S. a. Kn.vpp. ;■- 

In the histo]-y of Lav;! ('(lU'jje foi- liie Blind, duo credit 
has b^^eji given to Professor R. A. Kn<ipp for liis fine labors both in 
the line cf instfuctio7) and bu.'iiit^ss which had such an impoi'tant 
bearing on the early developncnt of that institution. After 
leaving the College of the Blind, he organized the Uarmers' Loan 
and Trust Company of ViTiton. which, under his honest and 
able management, became a strong institution. lie became the 
ONNiier of several large farms, and successfully raised considerable 
blooded stock. In conn<'ction villi these interests he also be- 
came managing editor of the Wrsfrni Slock ani/ Farm Jovrnal. 
published at Cedar Rapids. 

Prof(^sso)' Knapp -was a liicrlil>' educated Tuan. of quite varied 
and notcw(u-tiiy accomplishments. Tic was a native of Essex 
county. New York; graduated from l^nion College, Schuectady, 



^ts'ypff;f:^'^ff'iT'^fTf?^^iW^-S!^^?:^'P^'^. '■^'^;H'yi>~*?^'4-'^'.^''-' '" 


jiiid afterward went tu Foii Kilwiirds. wliere for sc\en years lie 
was assoriated uitli Dv. Jviiig in the uianagenieiit of the Fort 
Edwards iiislitute. }lt' then founded and was proprietor of thf 
Kipley Female C'ullego at Poultney. A'erniont, which re- 
niaincd uudt-r his m.-uiam'tjicnt until 18t)t;, v.lien a ehan.Uf of cli- 
mate was advised by his physician. In this search for health he 
came to Vinton, where the fii'st two years of his residence were 
spent as ])rt'acher in tlie Metliodist chiu'ch, after winch he was 
ehos(^n pj-incipal of the Iowa College for the Blind. 

I :, ■■ Professor Thomas F. McCl'ne. ' ■. 

Professor Thomas F. McCune. whose death occurred at Vin- 
ton. XovcuilxH- 6, !li)d7, was for nearly tiiirty years ideutified 
with the College for the Blind, both as teacher and superintendeid. 
His sei'vicc iii the former capacity commenced iu ]877. the year 
after his graduation from college at AVashington, Pennsxlvajiia. and 
lie was head of tlie Colkge for the Blitul from ]88:-5 until his re- 
tirement in July, PMjG. 

pKOf'ESsoK Geokge W. Taxnkhu^l. 

Profe.-isor George W. Tannehill. who died at his home in 
Vinton, ]\iaic-h 23, VMAK was pj-ofessor of matlieuuitics at the State 
College foi- the Bliiid for nearly forty-four >'ears. lie had been 
blind himself from his twenty-second year and devoted his life 
to the cLlucation of those similarly' afflicted, resigning his position 
al- th(- collci'-e <>n],\' al);)ut a montli befoi'c his death. ]'iVeryl)ody 
iu Vinlfui kuew Idm. he,ni)'-ed him, loved hiiD ami woud.ei-ed y[ his 
j'emarkabl.> mental uifts. He at one time sat iu the city council 
and it iicver haai ;r i}i<)7-e ca}>a!)h' oi- industrious meiiihej'. 


CI J AFTER Xil • ■ 


First Gkaxd Union Raj.i.y — Ujhst to Enlist in the County 
— Officers of Pioneer Comf.sny — Parker's Grove and IIigkoky 
Grove — "P>oy.s in Blue" Had to be Uniformed — Company G, 
EiFTii Iowa Yolunteeus — Company I), Eig>itii Infantry — 
(jRAND Home Receition— Benton County Boys in the Eighth — 
Company \). Twelfth Infantry — Companies G and E. Twenty- 
EiraiTii Infantry — Co.mpanv A's Roster — Company D — Co.m- 
PANY 11, Eighteenth Infantry — Company K, Eorth:th Infantry 
— P'orty-seventh Infantry- -Fifth Veteran Cavalry — Sixth 
Cavalry — Sen enth Cavalry- -Ninth ( 'avalr v — Union Support 
at Home — Summary of Vv'ar Matters — Grand Celebration July 
4, 1861 — "Knights of the Golden Circle," by Jacob Springer — 
Soldiers of Slxty-one. by A. JL Brown — Company G, I. N. G. — 
Spanish-American War — J-ieception to Calvin P. Titus — Vf:TER- 
ANS Assoclvtion and G. a. R. — Living Civil War Veterans — 
Vinton's G. A. K. Post. 

There is no period of her history m wliieh Benton county 
takes greater pride than that coverinu' the Civil war. During tliat 
time her population in^Tfased only about 3,U00, in .1865 being 
] 1,245. Notwithstanding this eoniparatively small population on 
whieh to (ii';!w. Tiearly 1.000 men were sent into the fieUl. 

Benton county v.-as re j"^ resented niost exten.sively in the Fifth. 
Eiglith, Twelfth. Thirteenth. Eigliteenth, Twenty-eighth and 
Fortieth infisntry regiments and in the Fifth. Seventh and Ninth 
cavalry. S)ie also contributed quite a quota of troops to the Sec- 
ond, Third, Sixteenth and Thirty-second infantry and the Second 
and Thii'd cavalry, and not a few of her citizens were distributed 
among other commands. 

■ '■■. First Grand Union Raij-y. • .^ .''••. •. 

The first grand rally of the people of Benton county, after 
the firing on P\irt Snniter and Lincoln's prorhimation for 75,000 



jueii, was held at the court house at Viuton, April 19, 1S61. John 
Shano was rhairiaaji of the meeting and ^Y. W. Ilaufurd seeretai-y, 
and while the eonuuitlee (>n resolutions were preparijig their 
reports stirring spe<'<'hes were made by tlie ehairnian, Russell .Jones, 
Col. a. AV. S.'lls^ \y. F. Piekerell and J. S. Hunt. In these days 
it doe.s not a[)pear that there was anything particularly striking 
in the resolutions adopted by the meeting, but the last of them in- 
dicated more particularly tlie practical and earnest spirit of those 
who participated. This was to the efi'eet "Tliat as citizens of 
Vinton, we hereby pledge ourselves to defray tlie expenses neces- 
sar\" in ])r(x-uring uniforms atul an outfit for a volunteer company 
to be raised in Benton county, to protect the Government of tlie 
United States, the Constitution and enforce the laws.'' 

Fjkst to Enlist jx the County. 

"W. C. Connell announced tliat he would hccid the list of this 
first com])any and hr. with. J. S. Hunt and Y\\ A. AValkei', were 
aj)]K)ii]ted a eommitlee to I'eciuit it. On Saturday. A])rii liOth. an 
office was opened for that pui'p<.>se at Connell and Yanatta's 
law oflice and a number eidisted. If any three men were to )>e 
selected as fjiirly i'e{)resenting the lnc;d er;thusiasin and j.atriotisni 
at tin's time, no better could be named than Messrs. Cenrieil. Ya- 
natta and d. ^Y. Ti'aer. On the folKjwing Tue.sda\- after the 
reciuiting offiee \v;is o])ened. anulher enthusicistic mectin;^' was 
held in tlie court house, at which the citizens of tlie county 
pledged themselves to the families of all those who volun- 
teered their service for the Ci\il war. I'hi.s eventually- had tlr- 
effiM-t of easing the minds of would-be volunteers, .ind several 
rjenionites enlisted voy sooii aflt-r the I'esohition w;is [la.^sed. 

ft is |{no\vn tluit the first man to enlist iirthis jiinneer conn^)any 
was AY. C. Coi'un'H. who wa.s closely followed by J. S. Ilriiit. AY. S. 
I^ick'crell, M. Tliompson. Y'. A. AYalker. John I)e!upse_\ and Edwin 
Jenks. Several yoiuig men from \"inton who wished to be at the 
front at the earliest possible date, went to Cedar IiJtpids to enlist, 
believing that a larger city would be jible soonei- to complete its 
([uota of troops. Among these wei'e P. Murdock and (ieorge Rei- 
fenstahl. who enlisted in tlie h"'iist Towa infantr.\'. A few days 
after the court ho\ise meetinir. tiie Itoard of supervisors, in spei-ial 
session, pledged themselves to appropriate five Inuidred dollars to 
aid in the equipment of an\- comj)an\' of volunteei's which the 
c«)untv luighi raise, an.d on ihe l;ist of the moiiih. about two weeks 


at'tor Lincoln 's first call for troops, tlie ladies of Vinton orf^anizetl 
for tlio purixvso of preparin^^ lint and handayes for the use of any 
vohinteers who should require them. 

Offickks of Pioxkek C'omi'anv. 

On May 4th th.e (•om])aiiy- wliich had been r.iised met in the 
court and after taking- ;!ii oath to defentl the Coustitution 
of the Ignited States. (4ected tlie following officers: Captain. Jacob 
!^. lluut ; tir'st lieutenant, ^Villiam C. Connell ; second lieutenant. 
YVilliam F. Pick'erell; third lieutenant. William A. Walker, and 
ensigTi, Jacob ^Metz. The non-eonnnis.sioned ofiicers afterward ap- 
f)ointed were: J. A. ^rcCkn-e. orderly sergeant: Nathan Rice, 
seeoiid, .sergc^ant ; David Barbett. third sergeant; John K. lia>;er. corporal ; IJ. II. Kirkjiatrielv. G. B. stills. Samuel Oberlander. 
cor])orals; Arlce Jenks. fifcr; J. K. i>o.vd, drummer: E. 
White, bass drunnner. ft is but .{ust to add that Mr. Connell. 
wlio had been elected tirst lieutenant of the con){)an.\', was pre- 
vented, from going to the front ]>y t)ie serious illness df hi.s wife. 

In res])fnise to I^resident Ijincoln's second call foi' troops to 
tlic nundier of 85,000. Benton count.v held another grand uniiui 
rally at the court house on the 1st of May. The pi-eamble to the 
resolutions adopt^'d indicates that the second compan.x' was beiug 
forme<l at Vinton and that its citizens were unarnniously in favor 
of the state apiu'o])riation of ^(;.">n(),000 to carr.\- out the pro\isions 
of the ])ro})osed military law whi'-h would require availaUle men 
between eiuhteen and fort.\"-tive to enroll themselves in the state of 

'Parker's Orhvk .\np TIifKOU'V Ckove. 

Outsitle of ^Mnton at this e;ii-ly periotl. Park'cr's flruvc and 
lIickor\' Grove were especially active. At the former place a 
comj'rany of llume Guards was ])i'om])tl.\' raided and at Hickory 
Grove the ladies juade one of the tirst tlaus turned out l).v the 
patriots of the count.v. On ^i;iy oth it was raised, amid an en- 
tluisiastie gathering, and Isiurdi MoiTis i-ead an tn-ifriTud poem 
wliieli he h;id wi'itten for the occasion. A few da.vs aftei'wards 
the citi/eus of Ilar-rison formed a company of ritlemen called tie- 
Harrison IJanirers. whose sjiecial ohj.-ct was to rei)el any invasion of 
tlu' soil of Iowa, and a sijuilai' co>iipany was also organized in 

Ivh'U tO\VUship. -■:..: •.•;,.. 


"BOVS JX BlVe" IfAD TO BE I'NIFOH.MED. the -l.oys in blue" fro)n Henton n,u„lv .ould re.llv 
start Iwr ihe ivuui. considerahie work was still rciuired on the 
part of the ladies, as they did not intend to see their representa- 
t.ves enter the tield o„!y half eiad. On the ]Gth of May the cloth 
tor th. unuonns of the i^.-nton rounty volunteers arrived and 
three days afterward the ladies at Hev. X. C Robinson's 
ehureh and made an-an,ne„,ents t.. manufacture the raw material 
into appropriate L^armeuts. The uniforms having been eompleted 
for the Benton eounty volunteers on the evenin- of Julv S*h 
the i>eople srathered at the Presbyterian ehureh for the purposj 
of biddm- them farew.-ll and Godspeed. Xot onlv were .the 
Inion boys udven t)i<' of enthusiastie and " at^Vetionate 
speeehrs. ])nt eae], was presented with a Xew Testament to take 
with Inm wherever fate should lead. On the following morn- 
nig the .streets were alive with men. women and ehildren who 
were assembled to take a last look at those who were to start 
for the fron'. At about eleven oVloek the volunteers were drawn 
lip m iront uf the Sliields House, and B. R. Sherman, in behalf of 
tlie ladies. }. resented the company with the Stars and Stripes 
Lieutenant Piekerell fittino-ly resjjonded to the pre.sident's speeeh 
HI behalf of tills eompany. Having been equipped with cloth- 
ing. New Te.staments and the T'nion flag, another neeessarv pre- 
sentation remained to be made. This was done by Messrs. Doug- 
las and Sells in the form of impressive revolvers, which were ■ 
received with thanks by Capt. Hunt. Lieutenants Piekerell and 
Overlander. Jud,-e Douglas further donated si.xtv-four pairs of 
shoes, following wbieh the ,-;iptain called the roll of the companv. 
The sevei-a! pers,>ns who failed to report were then and there 
brainled as .owards. The ceremonies concluded, the Benton countv 
volunreers. es<'<u'1ed by tiie Vinton bra.^s band, took up their lim- 
of for the opposite side of the river, where wagons waited 
to conv.'y tliem to lndependen<-e. whence they were to be taken by 
train to Dubiup.e and thence In- boat to Burlington, where the'v 
were imistered into s.-rvi,-,. ns ('om]KUiy (J. Fifth Iowa Vohaiteer.s. 

OoMi'Axv 0. Fifth Iowa Volunteers. 

Oompany O. with others of the Fifth Infantry, were mustered 
into the service of the Ignited States at Burlintrton on the 15th 
of July. l^GL On A.igusi 2nd. they u-ere ordered to Keokuk 


Iowa, from wiiii-li point they wxTe sont into ^fissouri in pur.<uit 
of biish\vhacl:«Ts. Xot tindinir nuu-li •'(loinr--'" in tliis line, after a 
few days they were ordered to St. Louis, and thrnee to Jeffei-son 
City. ^Ii^.souri. and lioonevillc ^^lissoiiri. '1 he\ t'.ien parti'-ipnted 
in the pursuit of tlie rebel army under l^riee to Sl'rin!2;tifld. ^lis- 
.souri, but really did not haw their lirst skirmish witli the enemy 
nijfil the followinji- Fel)r\iary. This oueurred at New Madrid. 
;^^issouri. Later they took i).u-t in the operations at Pittsbur*: 
Landin.iZ. and at Corinth, and upon the evaenation of the latter 
phu-e they followed the Confe.!, -rates to Ixienzi. On September 
19. 18(32. the\' to(»k part in the battle of Lika, where the Fiftli 
regiment especially distiu,y:nished itself, and was highly eompli- 
mented by the commanding general of the Fnion army. The 
regiment was oi-dered to supv»"i"t a battery whieh was threatened 
by a greatl.N- superior foree of the Confederates. It wa.s at cue 
lime captured, bur the Fifth retook it with tei-ri!)le loss to Company 
A, which, out of forty-tlirec men. lost twenty-seven in killed and 
wounded. Conipan> C constantly ui)lield the fortunes of the 
Fifth Infantry, durinu' the jmrsuit of the rebels after the battle 
of Corinth as well as in the expedition againsl Vieksburg. They 
took part in the battle of Chii)ripion Hill and tlie siege of Vieks- 
burg and in Septeinber. after they had been transferred to the 
Seventeenth Army Corps, had the honor of doing their good pai-t 
in the battle of Chiekarnauoa. In this terrible euGagemeut the 
Fifth reu'iment lost thii'ty men , in killed aiul wounded and eiglit 
ofiicers and seventy-six men captured, leaving only sixty-five men 
in the entire command to answer th<^ rollcall on the eveniniT of 
the confliet. The regiment spent the winter of 1868-4 at llunts- 
ville. Alabama, and in April. 18G4. the veterans went honie on a 
furlough, and on I'lseir return, were plaeed on the railroads to 
do u-nnrd duty at Kingston. Coorgia. They pursued the Confed- 
ei-jite cavali-y led by Ceneral Wheeler in his last raid u]Hni the 
rear of Slieruunrs ai-my in June, 1864. Dtu'ing that time they 
traveled north nearly nine hinidied miles and were for three weeks 
without blanket.^ or change of clothing. About the last of July, 
1864. the ncm-veterans of the regim<uit were mustered out of the 
service, leavimr one hundred and eighty men and eleven ofiieers. 
Tlie privates were transferred to the Fifth Iowa Cavalry. iea\-ing 
tlie oftieers without a command: the latter being nuistered out of 
the service September 28. 1864, at General Kilpalriek's lieail- 
quarters. iifteeu miles south of Atlanta. Georgia. 



'I'll.' iiiciiibrrs of Company O. P.ruton coiinly's first fOininan'J. 
^\■('t■t,' as follows : 

*Cai)taii) .lacol) S. Hunt. com. 18(il. rosd, Jamiary ]4. 1862. 

Ca])tai!i AViii. F. Firkcivll. roiu. fij'M lieutenant. ISBl. prnitd. 
captain. January 15. Istii'. taken prisoner at Missionary Kidrre. 
Xovenilier 2."). istio. lion. disd. December 19. 1SG4. 

Second Lieutejiant Sannid Ch-ci-lander. com. ISlil, Janu- 
ary 29, 18G2. 

Second Li<ni tenant Cliarles L. Sunnners, e. as ser!.:eant. June 
24. 18(il. pnntd. to first ser.uvaut. tlinji seeond lieutenant, February 
1. 1882. res<l. Septemlier :1 18G2. 

Second Ivientenant J'Jm V.. Pan,i;-})uin. e. as serireant January 
24. 18(;i. prmtd. to first scru-caiit. then second lieutenant September 
4. 1862. \vd. at fuka. disd. November IS, 1863. 

Serjeant Kdwin Jeid.-s, e. June 24. 18G1. disd. April 26 186*^ 

S,')-,treant Daniel \V. Ai-tist. e. June 24. ISGl. kid. in battle 
Cham])ion Hills. 

Serpeant Jacol) Wet/:, e. June 24. 18G1. disd. December IS. 
18G2. disab. 

Serjeant Uasil U. :\rartiiu e. June 24. 18(il, wd. at luka. 

Ser<reant .AToriran Pratt, e. June 24. 1861, eaptd. at Chatta- 
uof)fi-a . 

Ser.irean.t A. S. Mossman. e. June 24. 1861. wd. at Champion 
Hills, eaptd. at ]\Iissiona(\\- Kidije. 

Sorueant William Graham, e. June 15, 1861, eaptd. at Chatta- 

Ser.^vant A. Cam])bel], e. JuTie 24. 1S61. \sd. at lid^a. trans. 
to Tnv. Corps. , .. . 

Corporal W. S. Kobbins. e. June 24. 1861. 

Corporal Kdw. Cadman. e. June 24. 1861. wd. at Champion 
Hills, ^lisd. October 29, 1862. 

Cor|K.ral Lyiiian II. Stark.s. e. June 24. 1861. 

Cor|)oral Milton Co\. e. June 15. 18til. disd. Februar\- ]:l 

Corporal II. A. Day. e. June 24, 1861, disd. 

•Kfj to roiitra.-tii.ns. Ciiiuil.. capt iireil : oav.. cavuhy; com., coiaiiii.ssioii • 
'iHMtil. iles.Tted : <hsali.. aisahlci ; di'<(l.. (Usdiar-t^d : e., cnUstf-fl ■ cxc-d e\- 
.■lijiiiirc.l: lioii. (lisil.. hoiiuraMy a Nr-iiar-cd : kl(i.. killod: ni. o.. mn^t.-rpd" <>■•: • 
ptisr |.nsnii,>i-: print.!., promut.-a : ic-c. re-oiilist ed : i-csd.. resliriiod • i ra '■.'--. " 
tr;iiisf.MTfi| ; vr-t.. v.M.Taii; wit.. \vr.iii;ilt.,!. . - . i 

Vo{. i . n ' 


Corporal Patrick i)u\vne\'. e. June 15, ISGl, wd. at Cliarapion 
Hills, died at Davenport Deeeinber ]G, 1863. 

Corpora] yiinoii Wood. e. -June 24, 1861, died at Boouville, 
Afo., November 9, 1861. 

Corporal Edward 1). Cox. e. June L5, 1861, captd. at Cbatta- 

Corporal Tbonias ybiekls. c. June 24, 1861, wd. at Tunnel 
Hills, died at Cbattanooga December 14, 1863, wds. 

Corporal Pbilo D. Wilson, e. June 24, ]861. wd. at Champion 
Hills, captd. at Chattanooga. 

^Musician Willi;im ]\Iis];immons, e. June 24, 1861. 

Wagoner John ^lagill, e. November 1861, disd. Octo])er 14, 
1862, disab. 

Brainard, Jaines. e. Jidy 15, 1861. 
Blakely, Edw. C. e. July 15. 1861. 
Baldwin. James E.. e. July ^o. 1861. 
Bain, John E., e. March 11, 1861. 

Binder. Iknijamin E., e. September 6, 1S62, kid. in action at 
Champion Hills. :\ray 16, 1863. 

Cox, Henry E., e. August 15, 1862, captd. at Chattanooga. 
Campbell. Samuel, e. Novem])er 5. 1861, wd. at Vieksburg, 
disd. January 14. 1864. wds. 

Cox, William, e. August 11. 1862. captd. at Chattanooga. 

Cantonwine. David, e. Auuust 15, 1862. ciiptd. at Chatlnuooga. 

Cagley, Jacob, e. August 11. 1862. 

Clark, William P.. e. July 15. 1861. 

Cole. S. W., e. July 15. 1861. trans, to luv. Corps. 

Dermotte, L. E., e. July 15. 1861. captd. at Chattanooga. 

Day. Henry A., e. July 15. 1861. 

Dempsey. John. e. July 15. 1861, trans, to 36 Co. 1st Bat. Inv. 

Ditch, Henry E., e. July 15. 1861. kid. in battle luka. Septem- 
ber 19. 1862. 

Ditch, David E.. e. July 15, 1861. 

Dowhs, Rdbert J., e. July 15. 1861.. wd. at Vieksburg. 

Eisenham. Ni<-holas. e. Jidy 15. 1861. wd. at Chaii5pio]i HilLs. 
Vol. 1—13 


Frazer. Kufus E., e. July 15, 1861, disd. September IS, 1SGl>, 

GiiHspio. Steward, e. July 15, 1S61. kid. at Champion Hills, 
May KJ. 1803. 

Hatfield. ^]. W., e. July 15. 1801. 

Hatfield. Lewis S., e. July 15, 1861, captd. at Helena, Ark. 

]Tenderson. John, e. Jnly 15. 1861. 

Houlenhan, Robert, e. August 27, 1862. 

Holsey. N. Z.. e. 27. 1862, disd. June 11, 1863. 

King, George, e. Septeniber 6, 1862, trans, to Tnv. Corp.s. 
Kabriek, Peter, e. July 15, 1861, died April 3, .1862, at St. 

Lane. Isaac, e. July 15. 1861. 
Lcbscb. John. e. Augtoi 11. 1S62. 

:Mai'tin, A. W., e. August 7, 1802. wd. at Champion Hills, 
died at Carlo. September 19, 1863. 

Matthews. James, e. August 11. 1862. 

:\reehan. Augustus, e. August 27. 1862, wd. at Champion Hills. 

Mount. Wni. M., e. July 15. 1861. 

MrCoy, George B., e. July 15. 1861, captd. at Chattanooga. 

Moosraan. Harrisou, Xovemher 5, 1861. 

]\ Fevers, Emanuel, o. July 21, l-^'Ol. caj-^td. at Chattanooga. 

Moody. James, e. July 21. 180L 

]\riskinnnous. Lewis, e. Juue 24, 1801. 
f_, Jliskimmons. Josei)h, e. June 24. 1861. wd. at luka. 
,- Mi.skirnmons. Jame.s :M., e. September 23. 1862, wd. at luka. 
_.^ ^McLaughlin, Thomas, e. June 24, 1861. 

Xorton. Alexander, e. Juue 24. 186 L 

On.stott. Havid. e. June 24. 1861. 

Portor, Richard, e. June 24, 1861. 

Pratt, :^rilo. e. September 6, 1862. ,• , 


Stewart, Lsaiic 11., e. June 24. 1861, died at I\rt. Vernon, Ind.. 
July, 1862. 

Stowart. AVm.. o. June 24, 1861. 

Strawn, S. H.. o. June 21. 1861. • . ^ 

Strawn. Elijali. e. June 24. 18G1. r 

Seolt, Janie.s C. e. June 24. 1861. " 

Sexton, Thomas, e. June 24. 1861. 

Tiioni])son. ]\rartin. e. June 24, 1861, captd. at Chattanooga. 

Taylor. ,L. D., e. June 24. 1861. 

Van IJorn. Arthur, e. dune 24. 1861, disd. July, 1862, disab. 

Williants, James G.. e. June 24, 1861. died November 16, 1861, 
at Otter\dlle, IVto. 

Waiinian. John. e. .Tune 24. 1861. died September 27, 1862, 
of wd.=:. received at lulva. 

Webb. John C, e. June 24. 1861. 

YNliite. John, c. June 24. 1861. 

Company D, Eighth Infantry. 

]\rentio]i ha.s been made of the or.i^anization of the Harrison 
lianc^-ei'S, on August 3d, after the disa.strous battle of Bull Run, 
this eommand while paradinir the streets of Vinton, was ordered 
to rendezvous at Davenport, as soon as its i-anks were full. Soon 
afterward the Rangers went to that eiiy and were incorporated 
into the Eighth infantry as Coiiipcin\- D. The regiment was or- 
gaiiized in September. Frederick Steele Iteing appointed colonel, 
and James L. Ceddes. a brave Sc(»tchman of Benton county, was 
made lieutenant colonel. Soon afterward the Fifth was ordered 
to St. Louis and thence to Syracuse, where it joined Genei'al Fre- 
mont's ai-my in pursuit of 1^'icc. in southwestern ^Missouri. This 
campaign Avas particularl.\- liard on unexperienced troops such as 
the Eighth I'cgiment. and man\: died from exhaustion and expos- 
ure. The Eighth Iowa lost heavily iji this regard and returned to 
Sedalia. ^Missouri, near the n)iddle of November. 

In Febi-uary. 1862. Colonel Steele was i^romoted to brigadier 
general of volunteers and Lieutenant Colonel Geddes became colo- 
nel of the retriment. In the meaidime the regiment had joined 
General Gi-ant 's forces in Tennessee, jind on the r2th of ]\LTrch. 
1862. enJjarked at St. liouis for Pittsi)urir Landing, arriving five 


days nflcrwards with a loss of thret' ine]i killed and fivo woirad-d. 
u-hilc steiuiiiuf^ up llie Teimessee river. At Shiloh, April 6tli. 
bdth of tin- rt'Liiijient-^ foimlit lioroifrilly for tea (-(juseeutivo hours, 
the Kic'hth hein^' overpowered by tlu- (Micniy ;md captured a.s a 
body. The few who were not made prisoiici-s were iueorpornled 
ill the "Union Brigade" and distini^niished themselves at the 
battle of Corinth. Early in 186:3 the n^yiment was reorganized 
in St. Louis, and left the first week in Api'il to partieipate in the 
sie^-e of Vieksburg un'ler rJr^int. It participated in the terrifir- 
assault on the 22nd and in th< stubborn .siege of thirty days. The 
Eighth was with Sherman in his movements against Jaekson and 
during the operations of this campaign Colonel Geddes commanded 
the brigade. Ki-turning to Vieks})urg. for a period of rest, the 
reginicnt .sulTei-ed the loss of Lieutenant Colonel Ferguson, who 
died of disease at that place. 

Geano Jlo-ME Reception. 

A shoi't wh.ile after its leturn to Vii-ksburg a large portion of 
the comtiiand had reenlisted. and the regiment went home on veter- 
an fnrloudi. Company D arriving at Vinton on ]\rarch 25. 1864. 
Tlie surviving heroes wei-e accorded a grand ovation at tlie court 
house, Mliich was packed to its utmost. Judge C. H. Conklin made 
the address of welcome, which was feelingly re.S];unded to by 
Colonels Geddes and Shaw. ]\rusic was furnislicd by Professor 
Price and hi.s band, and the following song given by 'Mr. Chapin. 
was heartily rendered: 

Roll the drum, fire the gnu, 
I Makf tile welkin rinii'; . , 

Set the bonfires burning. 
For the soldiers returning ,. . 

Home, sweet home. 

r. See, they come ! ^notlurs run. . • . ,,_ 
Wives <ind sweethearis all; 
Oh I how the heart goes throbbing 
To see tlie bluc-co.its Ijolibing 
Home, sv.eet home. 

AVelcome. boys I welcome, boys I . 
Welcome back to vour home ! 



Long have we waited to meet you 
And we are luippy to greet you 
• ■ Ikuue. sweet lionie. 

Kally all. gr(>nt and small. 
Give our b''aM.' bay.-- a cheer. 
Who for the Tuion are lighting. 
And sending the rebels a-kiting, 
lluiue, dismal liome. 

Drop a tear, eomrades dear, • 

For our brothers absent now ; " ' 

Who have gone from lite din of battle, ' ■ 
Wljere the loud cannons rattle, 

Home, lieavenly home. 

Whf^n in peace wars shall eease, • 

■ < And Pr'HHiom take her stand, 

With the Stai'-Sjiangied Banner o'er us. 

We'll sing that happy old cliorus. 

"Home, SAveet home." 
' 'I 

It is said that nearly every township in tlie county contributed 
to the elaborate banquet wliich was served to the returned Union 
boys at the Tremont House, a7id nearly five liandred persons sat 
dow}j to the feast. The last hour of the reuniot! and welcome was 
marred by a sad accident, for by a prtnuature discharge of a cannon 
Alexaiider Shields lost the sight of l)oth eyes. 

At the expiration of their furl-uigh. members of Company 1) 
and others of the F.ighth Infantry again .joined the Union army 
above ]*Iemphis. where the regiment was stationed as provost 
guard during the remainder of 1S6"4 and the first two months of 
1865. On the 2]st of August. US(H, Forrest, the Confederate 
cavalry officer, was repulsed from }.Iemphis. tlie salvation of the 
city being largely cretlitcd to Colojiel Ceddes aiid his brave com- 
mand. The regiment lost forty men in this alfair. and early in 
March. 1865. was ordered to New Orleans. Thence it was sent 
to Uauphin Isla!)d. where i1 soon joineil in the last general cam- 
paii^n of tlie war. tliat against .Mobil". In these operations the 
Eighth distin-guished itself in the assault on Spainsh Fort, where 
it captured .several lumdred prisouei's. 


Bkxton CorxTV Bovs ix the Eightu. 

Benton county soldin-.s were most largely represented in Coiu- 
pMny D. of the Eii^diih infuj-try. as is evident by the following 
roster : 

Cai>tai)i Alexander liarer, e. as sergeant August 1-1. 1861, 
prnitd. first sergeant, theti e^eeond lieutenant, Deeeniber 15, 1861, 
prnitd. first lieutenant Apiil 19, 1863, pnntd. captain November 
15, 1865. 

First Lieutenant daeol) L. Tinkhani. e. as private August 14, 
1861, prnitd. tii-si sergeant April If), 1863, \vd, at ilemphis, August 
21, ISGi, prmtd. first lieutenant November 15. 1865. 

Second iiieuteuani dolui AV. ]Mc<.Tuire. com. September 23, 
1861, resd. December 9, 1861. 

Sergeant John d. Legan. e. August 1-1, 1861, disd. February 
25. 1865, disnb. 

Sei'geant Douglas AV. Marsy, c. August 14, 1861, captain at 
Shiloh, disd. Febi-uary 13. 1863. 

Sergeant IJobt. yi. Forsyth, e. August 14, 1861, disd. February 
1, 1862, disab. 

Sergeant John BroAvji, e. August 14, ISGl, disd. June 9, 1863. 

Sergeant .Moses A. Ames. e. August 14, 1861, captain at Shi- 
loh, died. 

Sergeaiit AV. IT. Ostrander, e. August 14, 1861, trans, to 8Sth 
U. S. col. troops for promotion. 

Sergeant John .^fo)Ugomery, e. August 14, 1861, eaptd. at 
Shiloh, vet. Janu.iry 1. 1864. 

(!o]'poral Sanmel B. Jones, v. August 14, 1861, v.'d. and capld. 
at Shiloh, disd. February 13, 1863. wds. 

Corporal H. C. Arontogomery. e. August 14, 1861, captd. at 
Shiloh. vet. re-e. January 1. 1864, sergeant. 

Corporal K. IT. Kirkpatrick. e. August 14, 1861. wd. and eaptd. 
June 1, 1862. at Keokuk. 

Corporal Je>^<i: L. Biglcy, e. August 14, 1861, wd. at Shiloh, 
and Corinth, sergeant, vcl. January 1. 1864. 

Corporal Chas: Knapp, e. Ang:ust 14, 1861. captd. at Shiloh, 
vet. January 1, 1864. 

Corporal Daniel V. :\la!'shal, e. August 14. 1861. disd. Alareh 
13, 1862, disab. 

Corporal Samuel Smith, e. August 14. 1861, kid. April 6, 1862, 
at battU^ of Shiloh. ■, , ■. .■..-.■-, 


jMnsician Jos. P. Skea, c. August 14, 18G1, vet. January 1, 

Wago!i<r John Dauiels. e. August 14, 18CI, disuoriorably disd. 
Februai-y 1, 1S62. 

Aldcii, ]]. L., vet. Jaiuiary ], 1864. 

Tilakeley, L. :\I., e. Augiist 14, 186], wd. at Sliiloh, kid. at 
Coriuth, October 3, 1S62. 

Hruv.n, C. W., e. Augiist 14. 1863, disd, Febnuiiy, 1862, disab. 

Cbanibers, IMcIIenry, e. August 14, 1861, captd. at Shiloh, vet. 
January 1. 1863. 

Churchill, Henry, e. August 14, 1861, captd. at Shiloh. disd. 
February 16, 1863. 

Dalloway, "W. S.. e. August 14. 1861. eaptd. at Shiloh. disd. 
P^'ebruary 7, 1863. disab. 

Drinkwater. AVm.. e. February ]0, 1864. 

DudgiHUi, Thoma.s, e. August 14, ]861, died December 6. 1862, 
at Sedalia, ^fo. 

Davis, Geo. C, vet. January 1, 1864. 

Detnpsey, Wm., e. August 14, 1861, died December 6. 1862, at 
Sedalia, Mo. 

Forsythe, John E., e. August 14, 1861. captd. at Shiloh, vet. 
January 1, 1864. , 

Cili. Alfred, e. August 14. 1861. captd. a1 Shiloh, vet. January 
1. 1864. 

Gardner, Jno. 11.. e . April 25, 1864. 

Gingery, Daniel, e. August 14. 1861. disd. June 13, 1862. disab. 

Geaton. George, e. August 14. 1861. captd. nt Shiloh. vet. 
January 1, 1864. 

Heath, Jos. Y., e. Auiiust 14. 1861. captd. at Shiloh, vet. Janu- 
ai-y 1, 1864. 

ITolt, Geo. A., e. August 14. 1861, died near Fairfield, Mo., 
November 13, 1861. 

Tlincs. Lewis, e. February 1. 186'4. 

llines. Wiv. E., e. Au.^Tist 14. 1861. vet. January 1, 1864. 

Tlarot'r. Ah'x.. e. Fcbruar\' 22. 1861. tlied at r\lon1gomcrv. Ala.. 


July 24, 1SG5. ,; .. . • o • 

Jlorlon. ('. 'J'., e. Aui^ust M 18G1. 

Ilai'i^T, Daniel M.. o. Fclji-uary 27, '[SbA, died at Vintoa, 
•Inmiaiy 5, 1865. 

lleudrix, ]j. T.. e. .Auj^u'^l' H, 18G1, \\d. a1 Corintl!. vet. Jai:r.- 
ai-y 1, ISG-i. 

Jol!ii>0]i. Jaiiios. f. August l-i. 1861, disd. ]Maj-c-h 16. 1862. 

Kiniljall. Geo. C., v. August U. 1861, captd. at Shiloh, vet. 
Jauuaiy 1. 1864. died at rvlempbis. October 29, 1864. 

■ .AfeCoy. Win., e. Alienist 14. 1861, di«l. 

:\r()ssinan. Thos. J., e. August 14. 1861. disd. April 26, 1862. 

:\liskiiiieu, II. 11.. e. August 14. 1861, captd. cd Shilob, disd. 
September 2. 1864. 

-Muody. Wui., e. Auirust, 1861, captd. at Sbilob, vet. January 
1, 1864. 

:^leeker. T.. e. Augmst 14, 1861. disd. :^ larch Ifl 1862, disab. 

?i[orris(>u. John. e. August ]4. 1>^61, vet. January 1, 1864. 

Miller, doliu Y.. e. August 14. 1861. captd. at Shiloh. traris. 
to Invalid C'or])s. 

:\roorliCfid. T.. e. Angu-^t 14. 1861, c;iptd. at Shiloli, vtt. Janu- 
a)'y 1, 1864. 

.Moody, Absalom, e. August 14. 1861. captd. at Shilob, diei 
December 1. 186:!. ;d Po<-o]ioutas. Tcnn. 

Pratt. A., e. -Pmuary o. 1864. kid. at Tuskegee. Ala.. October 
2:^ 186."). inurdered. 

Parscll. .]ohn P.. e. Au-ust 14. 1861, captd. at Sbiloh. trnr.s. 
to Invalid Corps. 

]?i.-h:H-d. Snmuel M., e. August 14. 1861. captd. at Shiloh. vet. 
January 1. 1864. 

Kevel, James K., e. Febriuiry 27, 1864. 

Steel, John. vet. daunary 1. 1864. April 5. 1866. disab. 

Tliomas. Albcif. e. August 14. 1861, captd. at Shiloh. vet. 
Januar\- 1. 1864. 


Tiukhani. Jar-nb L., c. Avifjnst 14, ISGl. eaptd. at Shiloh. 

V^ood. Vrni.. e. A^^J:;^l'^t M. 1?61. disd. Jaiuiary 15, 1862, disab. 

Coni]iain' B included Iho followiiiL'' men from I'cMlon county: 
Dnnldee, :\lartin. e. ])eceinbei- 12, 18G8, died al Ilck-ua, Ark., 
March 24, 1864. 

iMerritt. Amos, e. Soplember 15, 18(j1, \vd. at ShdoJi. 

Mocxly, Joluj, e. Seplembor 15, 1861, wd. at Sluloli. 

Moody, Kobt. J")., e. Sepl ember 15, 1861, kid. at battle of 
Shiloh. April 6, 1862. 

Myer.-^. Edwaixl li., e. Scptemlier 15. 1861, disd. January 30, 
1862, disab. 

Penrose. Wm.. e. September 15. 1861, kid. April 6, 1862, at 
battle of Shiioli. 

Rice, John. e. Septemb.^r 15. 1S61, captd. at Shiloli. re-e. a;^ 
vet. January 1. 1864. 

Reese, AViu., e. Noveu)bcr 27. 1863, died at Memphis June 26, 
1864. ■ ■ . ;, ', 

White. Tobias I)., e. September 15. 1861. disd. disab. 

In Company F of that reij-imcnt. tlie only representative from 
l^enton counly was Captain John C. Kennan, who was conimissioned 
first lieutenant of Coutpauy J). Scpteiuber 23, 1861; was taken 
l)ri.soner at the baiih- of Shiloh; promoted captain of Com})any F, 
April 18. 1863, an<l hoiiorably discharged November 1. 1861. 

Com])any G inchided ainonu' its officers and privjiles tlie fol- 
lowing froiii Renton county: 

Sergeant John T. llaima. e. September 3. 1861. vet. Jajmary 
1, 1864, disd. for pronnttion March 17, 1864. 

Serjeant J. AY. Hopkins, e. Septemluu- 3, I8til. captd. at Shiloh, 
vet. January 1. 1864. kid. accidentally M;irch 22, 1864. _• , 

Chamberlaiju N. •!.. e. September :b 1861. captd. at Shiloh, vet. 
January 1, 1864. 

Creeidee. Thos. F.. e. September 3. 1861, ca])td. at Shiloh. 

Jones. AYm. E.. e. O'-tober 22. 1864. 

Smith. Sanui'd S.. e. September :!. 1861. disd. Oclol)er. 1862. 

\V\lev. C.. e. ()rti»ber 24, l.sf)4. 



Tuvnly-six men, l.-l], „m...r, ;.,kI privates, wlio ^V(•lv men.bers 
of Company D. Twelfth Kv^iiueiit, from ]?cntoii .-ountv. saw th<'ii- 
fii-st active service at Fort DoueLson, bei.,,- recinitcd late m th.> 
suiiimer of ISi^L and it was one of thn tlnve Jowa rc-iment« eap- 
turecl by the Confederates at Shiloh. The Twelfth and Fourteenth 
were m support of a battery, and haviu- no order.s to fall baeh 
M-ere surrounded by the cneiny. After .several hours of desperate 
fiyhting, in whirh Colonel Woods of the Twelfth was seriouslv 
wounded, it was obliged to sui-render. Sixteen of its men were 
kdled, ninety-seven wounded and foui- hundred captured. Those 
of the Eighth, Twelfth and J'^urteeidh Iowa who were not made 
prisoners of war, \vere organized into the Union Brigade of which 
the ']\velfth formed Companies E and K. 

At the battle of Conntli. tlic Twelfth Iowa lost three killed and 
twenty- five wounded of the eighty men engaged, and in December 
I8(i2, the Union Brigade was discontinued and the survivors of 
the J:ighlh, Twelfth and Fourteenth JoNva regiments, with those 
who had been parolled. as.sembled at Davenport, Iowa, and reor- 
ganized into their former cormnands. Subsequentlv the Eight- 
eenth took part in the siege of Vieksburg. in the battle of Nashville 
and in the pursuit of Hood, as well as in tlie foial expedition 
against .Mobile and the heroic assault on Fort. Durimz 
its entire service the Tuelfth was in twenty-three battles; was 
under tire one liundred and twelve days, and had ninety-five men 
killed in battle. 

. ., , . - ■ ROS-TKR OF Co?.! PA NY D. 

« 1 

Second Lieuteminl J^oljert W. Hilton, e. as first sergeant Sep- 
tember 20, '\S6:i, prmtd. second lieutenant April S. 1SG2. taken 
prisr. battle Shiloh. took oath of allegiance to Confederate states, 
com. ret. 

Sergeant Howard l^mgborn, e. September 24. ISGl. wd. and 
captd. });ittle of Shiloh. vet. Decemi)er 25. .1SG4. 

Seix^'ant A. C. Blood, e. September 20. ISO], formerly private 
Company K. First Infantry, disd. December 18. 18G2. disab. 

Corjioral James U. C(>well. e. Scj)(eml)er 24. 18G1, wd. near 

Blackburn. Jo>. M., e. October 8. 18GU disd. damiary .SO, 18G2. 


Barr, Thas,, e. October 14, 18G1, \vd. at Shiloh. 
Ccwell. Robert C, e. September 25. ISGl, wd. at Shiloh. 

Dubois, Ferdinand, e. October 8, 1>!G1. eaptd. at Shihoh, vet. 
January ], 1864. 

Doolittle, AV. .-\., e. September 28, 1861, disd. July 8, 1862, 

Ellg-en, HarmoTi. e. December 27, 1863. ;■ , 

Gras<^, Harmon, e. September 23. 1861, cai)td. at Shiloh, vet. 
December 25. 1864. 

Gilchrist. W. 1^.. e. September 23. 1861. October 14, 1862. 

Haradon, Henry, e. Septembei- 20. 1861. died January 15. 
1862 at St. Louis. 

Jacques, John L.. e. September 20, 1861, died at St. Louis 
January 12, 1862. 

Johnson, Jlobt. L.. e. October 8. 1861. captd. at Sliiloh, vet. 
Defem])er 25, 1R()4. , 

■ Lee. Jolm S.. e. September 23. 1861, died January 12, 1862, 
at St. Louis. 

Lee. Wm. L., e. September 23, 1861. eaptd. at Shihjh. 

Luther, Daniel, e. September 28. 1861, kid. at battle of Shiloh. 

Lntiier, Jolni. e. September 28. 1861, captd. at battle of Shiloli. 
vet. Deeem])er 25. l'^64. 

Lambert. Jolui 1'.., e. September 25. 1861, vet. Dece7nber 25. 
1864. ) . ■, , ,., .^<., ., 

^ ]\Iinor. 1). W., e. September 28. 1861. captd. at Shiloh, vet. 
December 25, 1864. 

:\ray. John D.. e. September 28. 1861. wd. at Corinth and died 
October 10. 1862. 

I\rather, Tel. e. September 28. 1861. died at Si. Louis, January 
21. 1862. , ,. 

••» Scott. Josiah, e. Septeml)er 28. 1861. captd. at Shiloh, vet. De- 
cember 25. 186)4. ... , ,; . , . ,,,., , . 


TarptMiin^-. .Ijinies M.. o. 0<-to1)ei- 8, 1861, c-aptd. at Shiloli. 

Van Kniiii;i?i, AVni. ?\1., e. Sl(j)trjnbcr L^8, ]8fjl, dis;!. ?\Iarrh 29. 

Com PAXILS O am* E. 

Co)npan\' G. of tiic Tliirtcculii lown Infantry, was raised 
t'utircly in Hcnton conal^', the veglnvni ht-ini;' connnan'lod from 
March, 1SB:^ to Xovcjnher. 180-1. by Colonel John Shane of Vinton. 
p]arly in September, 18G1. ^fr. Shane organized a cavalry company 
of wliich he \Vcis elected captain, with James IT. Shutts, first lieu- 
tenant, and William A. '\Va!l<er. second lieutenant. The ocmpany 
was organized as tlic iJenton Guards; in October left Vinton in 
command of Captain Shan.e for Camp McClellan at Davenport: 
and flierc was incorpoi-ated into llic service as Company G. Thir- Iowa Infantry. Tlic regiment was formally nuistered into 
th(^ service November 2. 1861. Capt;iin Chambers, the mustering 
otticei'. I'ejected a few meti, but the regiment reached Davenport 
with a strenirth of ciglit hniulred and ninety-nine men. and this 
number- was .soon afterward increased, by enlistments, to nine 
liuJidred and eighty-nine. Tlie recriment went into the field with 
Marcelhis ^]. Crockei-. foj-mei'ly of the Second i-egiment as colonel; 
]\rilton ^1. Price, lieuttniant colonel, aiul John Shane, major. 
Wlien the men had been supplied villi clothing and otherwise fully 
equipped, the regiment was oi-dered to Pjcnton l->arracks, ^Missouri. 
where it renadned until Deeemlier 11 th, when it was ordei'cd to 
JeflVrson city, A\-here it f.erformed garrison duty during the winter. 
Ihirinu this time Colonel Crocl^er and his officers ]uit the ])j'ivates 
through :\ ihorougli course of instructions ar'd drill, several ii-^urs 
i)einLr devoted to tln'se matters each day. The result wa,s that in 
March, when the regi)nent itH-eived orders to report to General 
Grant at I^ittsburg Landin-i', tlie Thirleentli Ini'antry wa.s well 
fitted for the practical duties of wai'fare. It arrived at Pitts])ure 
PaiuliuL;- on the 23d of th;it month, and, with tie' Eleventh Iowa, 
and the Eighth an<l EiLrhtecnth Illinois regiments, was eonstituti'd 
I he Ei?'st l^riirade under Ct)lonel Riclmrd Ogleshy. afterward 
(Jovernoi- of lUiiiois. On th" tirst day of tlie ])atlle of Shiloh, the 
i-eg'iment was under fire foi' ten hours, Itotlj Lieutenant Colonel 
Price and ^Major Shane bcini; wounded, and the rei:imeut sulVered 
a total loss of tweiity-foiu' killed, one hundred and thii'ty-Tune 
wounded ;ind nine :nissinir. .\ few d;i\s after this terrible en- 



u'auciiicnl the ;inii\- wjis rt'-oririinizcd, and the Tliirtcruth was 
attached 1<i the Third hriuath". ronnxiscd of the 1-^h'veTith. Thli'- 
teenth. Fifteenth and Sixtcentli Iowa I'eL'iiiieiits. 'Idiis was eoin- 
iiianded l)y ('oh)nel 'M. ^,\. Ci-oekci- and was l^nowii as tlie Idwa 
britiade. About this time Lieutenant Oolouel I'riec r(\si'_;ned and 
.Ab-ijor Shane was }>ro!it()ted to be lieutenant eohmel. iiis eonniiis>ion 
dating' from AT)ril 17. \S&2. Th.e eonnnauil paitieipated in the 
siege of Corinth, nidil the early part of Xoveml)cr, when it joined 
the eauipaigii inider General Oranl Vieksl^urg. Upon 
the promotLon of CoU»nel Oroeker to be bi'ig'adier general. Lieuten- 
ant Ooh)nel Shane wa.s e(;niiuission<'(l i-olonel of the 'I'hirteenth. his 
service as lie<ul of the i-cgiment couunencing Mardi 13, lSti3. and 
continuing until the expiration of his term of enlistment, Xovember 
!•. 1S()4. iHirinu' most of the eami^aiiii! around Vieksliurg. the 
Iowa bri'iade bi-came famons for its remai'lxal)le stayiuii' qualities, 
as Mell as for its eelerity of movement, and acquired the )]ame of 
"C'rocker's Grayliounds. " " It \vas part of Shei'man's arniy of 
obsei'vation, and didy 4. 1S(^>. wIk ii Vi(d<sburg was surrendered 
to 0)-ajit. the Thirteeiitli was skirmishiu'.'' with Johnston's Confi'd- 
erate army at Big l^>la<-k I'iver. In August it eo-operated with a 
portion of the I'nion ua\y in wreekiuii' antl tlismantling gunboats 
whii h had liecn sunk by I'ebel torpedo(^s in Yazoo river. Li 
Seiitcmber it went into quarters at Virl^sbui'ii- and fi'om Februar;.' 
to ^fareh, 1804. -was a portion of (Jeiiera! Slu'rman's fof,-t's in his 
fa)tious raid nn ^leridian. ()u its return from this cjunpaiirn most 
of the iuen reeidisted as veterans, were given a thii-t\' days' 
furlough, and on the Ttli of March staiMed foi- their lo\v:\ hom«.'s. 

Company (} sent a representation oJ' foi"t>'-seven menl>ers. 
w'lio reached Vinton o]] tlie listli. 4'he sami> evenijig a meeting of 
citi/.cns was field at tiie coui1 house for ihc purpose of arraniiing a 
tittim.' welcome to the liO\s who had so \'abanily coiidu'4ed tiiem- 
.•-(■Ives and who liad hail the further courai^c lo reenlist for V\Latevei' 
miuhl hajipen. until the louelusion of the wai'. Ten committees, 
eonqiosed of men and women, \vere selecied to make arrauirements 
for ])oth the I'eception at the court hon^e and the lianquet at 
Ti-emoiit ITouse. As al)-ead\' staled, the surviving members of 
Comjtany D. Light h Infantry, also arrived on veti-ran furlough on 
the 2o1h, so that lioth companies wci'e honored by this entiinsiasl ic 
out[M)nring of the men, women and chihlren of Vinton. 

On tlie IGth of April, the Thirteenta Infantry was reunitt d. 
aiul on the Sth of .)uiu' joinetl Sherman's arm_\' at Aekworth. 
(Jetu-'jia. It tool< pai-t in the eucarrtMnent at ICenesaw ^lountain. 


and was almost continuously uncU-r fin- until .]ul\' 2(itii, wlien it was 
a.ssijrned to a position about three miles from Atlanta. On the 
iMsi, in a splen-lid assault on one of the reh''! for<-cs. the Iowa 
lu'igade. luidcr ('(dunel Shane, lost two liundred and twenty-six 
men in twenty-s(»ven minutes; a^^ain suffering severely on tlie 22d. 
and on th" 2Sth distinu'uishin!.': itself in the successful repulse of a 
Heree assault of the enemy ap-ainst a vital portion of the Union 
lines. It participated in Shennan's march to the sea, and a portion 
of the retriment, undei- Lieutenant Colonel Kennedy, entered 
Colujubiji and lioisted the stars and stripes on the South Carolina 
cai)itol. As a reiiiment it was finally mustered out with all the 
usual honors of wai- accorded to brave men. on July 28 and 29. 

]Major AVilliam A. AValicer, of Vinton, was one of the brave 
soldiers from Benton ( ounty. who lost his life near Atlanta, his 
death in battle occurring: July 22, 3861. lie had been eornmis- 
siojied second lieutenant of Company G, Octobei- 2S. 1861 ; was pro- 
moted captain three days later, and became major of his regiment 
March 13. 1863. The other general oftieers, who went from the 
county, were as follows: Xewell C. Keyes, who became corporal of 
Company C. September 27. 1861. was wounded at Shiloh and eom- 
niis.sioned ([nai-tt^i-master Xoviinliei' 11. 1864; and 'William H. 
linchan. wlio enlisted January 2. 1"^64, was promoted corporal and 
wounded near Atlanta. 
• ' :r. ■ 

; . ' CO.MPAXY 0"S PiO.STER. 

.- ..... , r ' ' I 

Captain Chai-les E. Putnam, e. as corj)oral September 27. 
I'^iil. prmtfl. second lieutenant Octoljor 31. 1801, ]n-r?itd. first lieu- 
tenant April 19. 1862. promtd. captain :\Iareh 13. 1863. Octo- 
ber 22, 1864. 

Captain James E. "White, e. iii 1861. prmtd. first sergeant. 
ju-mt<l. second lieutenant. April 29. 1863. wd. near Atlanta July 
21, 1864. ]»rmtd. lii-st lieutenant October 5. 1864. prmtd. captain 
danuar.\- 1. 1865. 

First Lieutenant James IL Shutts. com. Octol)er 28. 1861. resd. 
A{.ril 18. 1862. 

First Lieutenant Geo. F. Rr)ss. c. as first sergeant September 
27. 1861. prmtd. second lieutenant April 18. 1862, wd. at Corinth, 
prmtd. tii-st lieutenant March 13. 1863, resd. from 2d lieutenant 
April 28. 1863. on account of wds. received at battle of Corinth. 

First Lieutenant John Ridge, e. as corporal September 27. 


1S61, pnntt!. first seru'-t'aiit. pnntd. second lifnitcnaiit ^larch 13, 

1863. pnntd. first lieiiteuaiil AT^ril 29. isn3, wd. ticar Atlanta. Ga.. 
duly 20, and di.-d of wds. a1 Louisville October 4, 1864. 

First Litnit<niant dohn Starkweather, e. as sergeant .September 
27. 1861. priiud. first sergeant, then se<-ond lieutenant October 6, 

1864. jirndd. fii-st lieutenant d;iiuuiry 1. 1865. wd. at Atlanta. 
Second [lieutenant Ilenry X. Palmer, e. as private September 

27, 1861. \\t]. near Atlanta, prmtd. sergeant, com. second lieutenant 
dune 7, le<65, nio. as sergeant. 

Sergeant "Wesley AVln'pjile, e. Septembtn- 27. 1861. died at 
Corinth July 3. 1862. 

Sergeant linbert B. lUirand. e. September 27. 1861. wd. at 
Sliiloh. vet. daiiuary 1. 1864. kid. near Atlanta. July 21, 1864. 

Sergeant A. K". Kennedy, e. Septend)er 27. 1861, disd. July 29, 

Sergeant Frederick Lyman, e. Septembei- 27, 1861. prmtd. 
sergeant major June 15. 1862. wd. at Coriutli. 

Sergeant Kd. P. l\>rs>t'i, e. Septeml)cr 27. 1861. vet. January 
1. 1864. wd. near Atlanta, died at Cdiattanooga Xovember 1. 1864, 
of wds. 

Sergeant Philiji ^Murdoek, e. Septeml^er 27, 1861. vet. Jainiai-y 
1, 1864. 

Sergeant Charles M. ^lartin. e. September 27. 1861. v.'d. at 
Shiloh, died June 7, 1864. 

Sergeant Orzo Small, e. Septembei- 2S. 1861. vet. January 1. 
1864. v,-d.. kid. in battle near Atlanta July 22. 1864. 

Corporal R. Worthen. e. Septeml)er 28. 1861, vet. Jainiary 1. 
1864. eaptd. near Atlanta July 22. 1864. 

Corporal Joln^. II. Gi])e. e. Scptembej' 27. 1861. vet. Jaimary 1. 
1861, eaj'itd. near Atlanta. 

('orporal Jos. L. Copi.oc, e. Septendiei- 27, 1861, trans, for 
promotion to cciptain Co. D. Eighth Louisiana. A. 1). 

Corporal D. D. :\lercliant, e. September 27, 1861, wd. at Shiloh, 
vet. January 1. 1864, kid. in battle near Atlanta, July 21, 1864. 

Corporal Robt. L. Cliugon. c. September 27. 1861. wd. near 

Corp(n-al \\m. II. La Ivue. e. September 27, 1861. 

Corporal Win. And)\u'n. e. Septeml)er 27. 1861, vet. January 1, 
1864, wd. near Atlanta, prmtd. 

Corporal AVm. Wileox. e. Septendier 27, 1861, vet. January 1, 
1864. disd. ^lareh 17, 1865, disab. 


(\)ilMi!;il Oscar Kt-iulall. c. Scj,t('iiil)L'r '21. 1861, wd. at Corinth 
aiul died April 4. 1862. 

AVauniii'!- Saniui-l Williaiiis. c. Scpteiiihcr 27. 1861, died Juno 5. 
1862. at Corintli. Miss. 

Ainl»ui'u. -J. T.. »'. Drccinlun- 22. ISO:',, captd. m-ar Athmta .July 
22. 1864. 

Anld, (ico.. e. SfptiMulu'i' 27, 1861. vet. January 1, 1864. 

r.erkley. Kdwai'd. e. Sejitojuber 27. 1861. disd. C)eLober 22. 
1862. di.sali. 

lirowii. II. J., vet. January 1. 1864. 

lirown. A. }].. e. Sej^tenJier 27. 1861, vet. Jainiary 1. 1864, wd. 
near Allan! a. 

Byso?ll^ Sanniel. e. Scj^tt'niber 27. 18(Jl. vel. January 1. 1864. 
' ■■■ . liarker. Kuel. e. Seitteniber 27. 1861. vet. November 30. 1863. 

Br(JIear. Job. e. September 27. 186J, kid. at battle of Corinth 
Oelober 3. 1862. 

I'.Mwen, TI.. e. S;e])tem1)e]- 27. ]>('<]. disd. O.-tober 22. 1S62. 

lUiek, \V. ^Y.. e. September 28, 1861, vet. January 1, 1864. 
wd. near Atlanta. 

liarnum, \Vm.. e. Sei)tember 27. 1861. 

Black, George AY., e. Se])teni]ier 27. 1861, wd. at Shiloh. trans. 
to AFai-ine liri^ad" A]u-il 12. 1863. 

Ccllin. Wm. II. 11.. e. Alareh 30, 1864. ''■ 

CaTliti. Lewis L.. e. September 27, 1861. vet. Deeemlier 15. 186-'. 
wd. at Fallin- Creek, N. C, :\]a'-ch 21. 1864. 

Ca.ssrll. T. 1\.. e. December I'i. 186:'. disd. .A] ay 2o. 186a. 

Chirk. Alvin. e. Srpi ember 27. IS.-il, disd. August 2. 1>63. 

Cuer. John P. ■ • ' ■ ■ • • . .^ , 

I ',•...''• r iU. u 

Dean. F.. e. September 27. 1861. died Alay 17, 1862. en the 
steamer C.'ity of Memphis. 
>' *r Dean, S. C. e. Se[)tendier 27. 1861. died at Camji Deni.siMi. 0.. 
Alay 12. 1862. 

Da)'t. S. (;.. e. Se})tend)ei' 27. 18(il, vet. December 15. 1863. 

r)a\-. Tlimnas (i.. t-. Scptfuiber 28. 1861, vet. Janiuiry 1. 1864. 
kbi. near Atlanta. Au'.2:ust 25. 1864. 


DciU'th, Jciviniah. •-. Septcnibei' 27. 1861, \vd. at Shiloh, disd. 
Juno 30, 1862. disa. 

Engelduw, S. S.. e. September 27. 1861. disd. Maivh 7, 1862. 

Ferrcll. Edward, e. Septendn-r 27. 1861. vet. January 1, 1864. 
Fawt-ett, Wni. IL, .•. Septend)er 27. 1861. 

Greer. James V.. e. January 19. 1864. kid. in battle of Atlanta 
July 21, 1864. 

Heller. Ju.-l. e. .Sepb-mber 27. 1861. vet. January, 1864. 

Ilayhurst. Elias. e. F(4)ruary 20. 1864. kid. near Atlanta 
Au.crust 11. 1864. 

Hanna. Wm. S.. e. September 27. 1861. \vd. at Shiloh, also at 
Corinth, vet. January 1, 1864. 

Ilanua, John I)., e. Scpternlfer 27. 1861. vet. January 1, 1864. 

llaliock. Iliram. i-. September 27. 1861. vet. January 1. 1864. 
kid. near Atlanta July 22. 1864. 

ITu5i=iOnj,'. James y\.. vet. February 1!). 1864. died at Evan.s- 
ville. Ind.. July 23, 1864. 

Hull, Jos., e. September 27. 1861. \vd. and missing at Corinth, 
.supposed to have been killed. 

Hull. Jerome, e. Septemltei- 27. 1861. vd. January 1. 1S64, wd. 
near Atlanta. 

Hull. Henry, o. Septemb-i- 27. 1361. vet. February 19, 1864. 

Hoover. Benton, e. September 27. 1861. kid. near Atlant-a July 
21, 1864. 

HoAeett. Jos., e. Septemb-M- 27. 1861. wd. at Corinlh. vet. Janu- 
ary 1. 1364. 

Joyce, Jaeob. e. Sejstember 27. 1S61. vet. January 1. 1S64. 
Jaekson. ^Ym. T., e. Septend^er 27, 1861, wd. at Shiloh and disd. 
October 10. 1862. . .) • - ,,t. : 

Lowell. Marion, e. January 29. 1864. died at I'eaufort. N. C. 
March 18, 1865. 

TjaRue, Chambers, e. Sei)teHd)ei- 27. 1861. vel. January 1. 1864, 
wd. at Atlanta, trans, to V. R. C. 

Loi-d. Lewis, e. Dci-embcr 17. 1863. capt<l. near Atlanta, died 
while a pristmer at Andersnuvilb'. Septend)ei' 6. 1864. 

Vol. T— 14 


Lyiu'h, Jeremiah, e. 27. It^Gl, wd. at Vieksbnrg. 
vet. January 1, 1864. 

:\rei:iroy. II. IJ.. e. S^^pteniber 27. 1S(11. disci. April 27, 1S63. 

^FcCasland, Alex., e. .Septetiil)ri' l'7, ISCl. 

.AFarin.', Wju. T!. TT.. e. Sepleml..',- :17, 1861, vet. Deeeml.-j- ]:1. 
]SG8. kid. at Yazoo City. 

:^Iil]ao-e. James, e. September 27. ISGl. died at Corinth Julv 
26. 1862. 

Martin. S. C, e. September 27. 1861. kid. in battle of Shilob 
April 6. 1862. 

Pray, Fxobert J., e. September 27, 1861. wd. near Atlanta. 

Rodabeek. ^Xm. S.. e. September 27, 1861. vet. .January 1. 1864. 

Kitehey. J., e. September 27, 1861, vet. Deeember 15, 1863. \vd. 
near Atlanta. 

Kid-^e, Alfred, e. September 27, 1861, disd. October 22, 1362. 

Koyee. Samuel J., e. Se})lei7il)e!- 2S. 1861. wd. at CorinDi. died 
Xovemher 1, 1862, of wds. 

Rol)erl.s, Jos., e. September 27, 1861, vet. Januarv 1. 1884, kid. 
near Atlanta July 21, 1863. 

Rickets. W. II., e. September 27. 1861. vet. January 1. 1S64. 

Sehoonover. Jo.s. 0., e. Septeniber 27, 1861, wd. at Shiloh, disd 
August 23, 1862. 

Sherman. AY. 1^., e. September 28, 1861. 

Shields, John C. e. Sept(^mber 27. 1861. vet. January 1. 1864. 

Selb:. Ceoree A., e. Dec;i;,ber 17, 1863. wd. at Atlajila, trans. 
f<u- piomr.lion in llie 4lh 1". S. A. 1>. .May 1, '[:^C>'). 

SiiriS. Dwi-lit, e. Scijlember 27, printd. drum ma.ior 
Xovetnbcr 1. Ib62, vet. Jann;iry 1. 1864. 

Shutts-. I.. E.. r. Deeember 2.-). 1863. ' '" • 

Simpson. AY. J., .■. September 27. 1861. 

Smaek. Simon, e. Deeoiiber 16, 1863, died at :\rarietta, Oeor- 
iria. August 12, 1864. 

Smork, 1^. D., e. September 27, 1861. vet. Janiui ry 1. 1864. 

Smoek. Thos. C, e. Septembei- 27. 1S61. wd. at Corinth, disd. 
Xovember 0, 1862. vet. Fel)i'uary 12. 1864, eaptd. near Atlanta. 

Starlmek. John, e. :\lureh 7. 1861. died at Savannah. Georgia. 
January 21, 1865, t ' " ' 


Skinner, Ainasa. e. September 27, 18G1, vet. January 1, 1864, 
wd. near Atlanta. 

Trayer, J. B.. e. September 27. ]8G1, kid. in battle of Corinth, 
October 3. 1SG2. 

Toombs, Daniel, e. September 27, ISGI, vet.' January 1, 1S64. 
Turner, Wm.. e. December 16. ]8G3. 

Volganu)re, J. ]\I., e. Septembei' 27, 1861. vet. January 1, 1864. 

AVallaee, Jus. R.. e. September 27. 1861, wd. near Atlanta. 

\Yalker. S.. e. December 16. 1863, captd. at Clifton, South •.■ 

"Williams, W. C, e. September 27. 1861, died at Jefferson City, 
January 11, 1862. 

Wilson, James, e. September 28, 1861, vet. January 1, 1864. 

The following two Benton men served in Company E of the 
same regiment : 

Captain Borea R. Sherman, e. as sergeant Company G Sep- 
tember 27, 1861. prmtd. second lieutenant February 9, 1862, wd. 
at battle of Shiloli, prmtd. captain, April 17, 1862, resd. April 17, 

Rice, Moses AY., vel. Fcbruai'\- 10. 18G4. wd. at Atlanta, July 
22, 1864. 


Two full c())npanies, A. and D. wcfc organized in Beniou 
coujiiy for the Twenty-eiahlh Infantry — the fonnei- being eom- 
manilcd by Captain W. A. Castun and the latter. l»y Cay.lain 
S. P. Yanatla. The regiment v\(-nt into eamp at Iowa, cit.w vrhere 
it remained several w<'eks, and was nui.stered into ser\ice November 
l(i. 1862, nin.e hundred and fifty-six strong. On the 20th it ar- 1" 
rived at Helena, Arkansa.s. and here incounlercd one of the many 
trials of war in the .shape of mab-iria ;ind small-pox. In the fol- '" 
lowing January, the men wlio were in goixl health pai-tieipated in 
tlie expedition which asi-cjidcd White river, to Duvalls DlutTs. and 
botli during tliat campaiun and for the balance of the winter, at 
Helena, the sulTering frum exposure and cold was very severe. 

In the following Api'il the T\senty-eighth jcuned the \'icks- 
burg cah!paiL''n, and was (irst nndef iitr- a( Tort (iilison. .May ls1. 


whei-e it suffered tin- loss of one man l-cilled and sixteen -\vonnded. 
On tlie IGth till' reLiinieiit fono-ht hravely at the battle of Jackson, 
and earnei_l t!ie folliiwijip: words of praise from the di^,ision t'om- 
mander: "S'-areely isiore than six montlis in tlie serviee, and yet 
no tro')])s ever showed more l)ravery or fou^'ht with more valor.'' 
At tills ent;'a.<rement the regiment lost twenty-two killed, sixty-five 
wounded and thirteen missing, four companies, coming out without 
eommissioned officers. Reaching Vicksburg on the 27th of July, 
the regimi-nt was soon afterward transferred to the Department 
of the Onlf, and in Septeinber the scene of its operations was 
transfei-red to western Louisiana. Tn tlu^ following spring it 
participated in Bank's expedition u[) 1he Ked river, and at the 
battle of Sabine Cross Roads it lost eiuhty offieers and men ; its 
commanding ofHeei' Colojiel Connell lieiug severely wounded and 
captured. In the following July the Twenty-eighth joined Sheia- 
dan's ai'iuy in the Slienandoah Valley and at the famous battle of 
Wiucliesler lost ninety of its le.en. It captured a battei'N-, amuni- 
tion and many prisoners at the battle of Fisher's Hill, and 
afterwaixl fought throughout the hattle of Cedar Creek, in tlie 
Fourth Brigade of Grover's Division. In January, 1865, it was 
ordered to Savannah, (ieorgia. whei-e it performed garrison duly 
for several weeks, and, after the surrendei- of General Johnston, 
was transferred to Savannah, where it was nuistered out July 1, 

AVilliam P. Lathrop was the only general offieer from Benton 
county connected wiih the Twenty-eighth. wIk^ was as.sistant sur- 
geon of his regiment for several months in 1862. The roster of 
companies A and D composed of Benton, county boys folknvs : 

< '^r:-"r,: t.'r _ COMPANY A'?; Ro^TER. 

Ca'ptain Wm. C. Gasl(m, conr October 10. 1862. resd. January 
10, 186:k 

Captain Jas. II. Shutts, com. First Lieutenant, October 10. 
1862, prn^td. captain January 11. 18(i:'! resd. June 9, 1863. 

Cai.lain John E. Palmer, coin, second lieutenant October 10. 
1862. prmtd. first lieutenant :viarch 10. 1863. prmtd captain Juno 
10. 1863. kid. in battle of Opequali. September P), 1864. 

(Captain John W. McGuire, e. as sergeant April 8. 1862 prmtd. 
first sergeant, prmtd. secemd lieritenant ^lay 17, 1863. prmtd. first 
lieulenant JuJie 10. 1>^G3. prmtd. captain September 23. 1864. 

^'iI•st Lieutenant Sanuu-1 TaL'gart. e. as corporal July 28, 1862. 


wcl. at Champion Tlills, printd. sergeant, then second lieutenant 
June ]0, lSr4, pruild. tirst lieutenant Septenilter 23, 1864, wd. at 
battle of Cedar Creek, Vii-ginia. 

Seeond Lieutenant John Logan, e. first sergeant August 1. - 
]StJ2. prnitd. second lieutenant :\rare}i ]0, 1863. kid. battle of Chani- 
piuu Hills, yany 16. 1803. 

Second Lieutenant Abraham Rose, e. as sergeant August S. 
1862, prmtd. seeond lieutenant June 10. 1863. disd. July 14, 1S63 as 
first .sergeant. 

Second Lieutenant Wm. II. ^Nlurlin. e. as private August 8, 

1862, wd. Cedar Creek, Virginia, com. second lieutenant July 18. 
1865, m. 0. as. first sergeant. 

Sergeant Chas. I. Barbour, e. August 8. 1861. disd. July 13, 

1863. disab. 

Sergeant A. V,'. Fi-au.-is. c. August 9. 1861. 

Sergeant Jcs. White, e. August 5. 1861. kid. September 19. 
1861. at battle of Winchester, Virginia. 

Corporal James Lehew, e. August 10, 1861, disd. December 8. 

Corporal E. V. :\rurpliy. e. July 26. L^61. died July 4. 1863. at 

Corporal Geo. ii. llatiield. e. August 11. 1861, disd. Mareli 2, 

Corpoi'al 1-1. Smelser. e. August 4. 1861. 

Corporal "\Vm. L. Parmeter. e. August 8. 1861. wd. at Champ- 
ion ITiUs. 

Corporal A. G. Green, e. 8, 1861. died at ^Memphis, 
Jiuie 30, 1863. 

Corporal A. II. Doaj^e, e. -lidy 31. 1861. v>d. at Cedar Creek. 

Corporal E. Ellysoii. e. July 21, 18fn. died at Helena. Arkan- 
sas. :\Iarch 29. 1863. 

Corporal E. li. Felkei-. v. August 6. 1861. wd. at Cedar Creek. 

Corporal II. M. Worth, e. August 5. 1861. wd. at Champion 
Hills. Winehestci- aiul Cedar Creek. 

^Fusician I'at. 11. Skirtington, e. July 26. 1861. 

:\rusi(ian Wm. P. IMcGuire. e. JuIn 12. 1861. died at Carrol- 
Ion. Louisiana, August 28. 1863. 

Anderson, Johu. e. August 10. 1862. di'^d at St. Louis. June 
23. 1863. 

liuttertield. .lohn. e. Auloi^I 7. 1862. 


Bellor, n. IL. e. August 9, ISfJ'J, \vd. at Champion Hills, eaptd. 
at Opel(nisas. Louisiana, ud. at AViiu-iiester and Cedai' Creek. 

Booth, W. h.. f. Au-usl -1. JS()2, disd. INfay 81, 1S63, disab. 

Bruster. .Snios. N.. e. August 7. 1862, kid. at battle of Champion 
Hills. May IG, 18G:1, 

Bowen "\Vm. 11., e. August 18G2, v/d. at Champion Hills. 

Boweu. David, e. August S, 1862. 

Boyden. John H., e. August 8, 1862, wd. at Champion Hills. 

Burkhead, Geo. W., e. August 12, 1862. 

Barnet. John. e. August 16. 1862. 
-^ Brure. Jos. W., July 30, 1862. 

■ Campbfll. C . .". July 26. 1862. 

Coder, W M.. e. August 1. 1862. wd. at Champion Hills. 
Culp, T,. V. August 8. 1862. kid. at battle of Cedar Creek. 
Virginia. October 19. 1864. 
Culp. C. c. July 26, 1862. 

Hodge, K. S.. c. January 5. 1864. disb. Feln^uary 1. 1865. disab. 

Dure. J. C, e. August 4. 1862. wd. at Port Gibson, disd. De- 
eeinbcr 6, 1863. disrdi. 

Dowus. AViii. {]., e. August 6. 1862. died at Vieksburg. June 
29. 1863. 

Diekey. AV. 11., e. August 9, 1862. died at St. Louis. July 16, 

Elder, Clark, e. August 1, 1862. kid. at Cedar Creek, October 
19, 1864. 

Ellis, Benj. ¥'.. e. Aui?;ust 9. I8(i2, wd. at Cbajupion Hills, died 
at Mempbis, Jn1y 4, 1863. 

Flickiiiger, F. M.. e. July 26. 1862, died at Helena. Arkansas. 
February 27. 1863. 

Fetherkill. Geoi-ge M.. e. August 4, 1862 eaptd. at Opelousas, 

Fineh. E. 1).. c August 9. 1862. 

Fraucis. Jas. R.. e. Auvrust 6. 1S62. 

Francis. W. W.. e. August 14. 1^62. ' ' " 

Gingery, S.. e. February 26. 1864, kid. October 19, 1864. at 
Cedar Creek. Virginia. 


Gingry, "William A., o. Aui^iist 18G2, \vd. at Saljine Cross roads, 

Harris, Jas. B.. e. July 27, .1SG2. wd. at iMrt Gibson, died at 
Trenton Barrac-ks, ni. u. Au,t,'iist 29, 166o. 

IJouls. J:. C.. e. AiiL'Ust 2. di^d. .\nirrst 10. .18(53. disab. 

llouts, A. C, e. August 12. 1S62, eaptd. at Champion Hills, 
w'd. and captd. at Sabine Cross Euads, La. 

Hicks, Wm., e. Aug. 7, 1SG2, disd. February 4, 18G3. 

Hibbard, AVm.. e. August 9. 1862. 

Hull, J., e. August 7, 1862, died at Perkins Landing, La., ^Tay 
16, 186;i 

Heath, ]\L S., c. August 9, 1862. \vd. on steamer ^Mississippi 
River and at Cedar Creek, Va. ' . " . 

Inman. On'ilie, e. August 7, 3 862. 

Jimm.erson, J. B., e. August 8, 1SG2, kid. at Champion Hills, 
^lay 16, 1863. . . 

JaeW>on, Hiram, e. July 26, 1862, died at Ko(^kidc, Augiist 26, 

Jaekson, AYm. ]\L. e. August 3. LS62, died at Helena, Ark., 
Deeember 30, 1862. . . 

Jones, Jas. 31., e. August 10. ]S62. 

Jones, Henry, e. August 8. 1862. , t 

Kiueer, "Wni. e. August 4, 1862. 

Kilpatriek, John M.. e. August 9. 1862. disd. Arareh 31. 3 863, 

Kislimr, Jos. C.. e. August 9. 1^62. died Jaunary 6, 18')3. at 
Helena, Ark. 

'-•■■ ■ .... I;.,,,. • ' 

Lott, Jas. IL, e. August 4, 1862. 

Loi»p. A., e. January 5. 186-1, kid. at Sabim.' Cross Roads, La. 

Luther, Geo., e. August 12, 1862. 

Lloyd. A. G.. e. August 9. 1SG2. \vd. at Champion Hills. 

]\rurj)hy. James ^f., e. Jaiuiaiy r>. 1864, \vd. at Cedar Creek. 
•AFeeker. Lyman, e. July 21, 1862. .,, ., . ,,,. 

}.ri(4<e>\ Joini, e. August 3, 1862. 

.Mossinan, F. H.. e. August 9. 1862. killeil at battle Champion 
Hill., ^l,^v 16, 1863. . ,. - ,. 


Miller, Isaac, e. August 7, 1862, died at Jeffersou Barracks, 
Fcin-uary ]4, 1868. 

:^I<d';room. Thns.. e. Au,!?iisl 7, 1862. disd. March 6, 1863, disab. 

Myers, .Martin, e. Autrust 9, 1862. died at Vicksburg. May 6, 
1863. , 

I'atrick. dos. S.. e. August 7, 1862, died at Davenport. Iowa, 
Noveuiber 18, 1862. 

Rice. h\ F.. e. Jamiary 5, 1864, wd. at Cedar Creek, died at 
:\rartinsburg. Va.. October 28, 1864. 

Kasor, Wm. AY., e. August 9, 1862. ' • 

ReiuingtoTi. AYni.. e. July 28, 1862. ■ ' 

Rucker. C. e. July 1, 1802. 
Hupp. C. 1),. e. July 12. 1862. 
RoRzell. Juo. S.. e. August 8, 1862. 
"' • Koszell, Josi^])]i B.. e. August 8. 1862. ' 

'" Suttoji, }>{'nj., e. August 4, 1862, killed at battle Sabine Cross 
Roads, La.. April 8. 1864. 

Segrist. Fredk., e. August 8. 1862, died at Memphis, April 1, 

Stout, Geo. \V.. e. August 8, 1862. 

Stott, Geo. IF. e. August 9. 1862. 

Segrist, Sa]uuel. e. August 17, 1862, trans, to In v. Corps. 

Terwilliger, Thos.. e. August 8. 1862, died on steamer Nash- 
ville, May 20, 1863. 

Taggart. Geo., e. July 28, 1862. 

Thoui])M>n, AVni.. e. .h\]y 29, 1862. disd. Decembei- 2. 1862. 

Thompson. I. N.. e. August 8. 1862. died a1 Jackson. Miss., 
Julv 20, 1863. 

■■■!■ Yanclcef. R. (4., e. August 8, 1862. ^ ' '' ''^''^ 

i : Wriglitman. 1).. e. July 21. 1862. 

Webb, 11. 0.. e. July 29. 1861. " , ■ ' ' ' " ' 

•: ■: AVhitcraft. Geo.. July 31. 1862. dird at St. Louis, June 20, 1863. 

Whitman, Noah. e. August 6, 1862. 
Cj Woods, N. S., e. August 6, 1862. 
■ " WoodnitV. A. W.. e. Jrdv 26. 1862. dis<1.. :\iarch 31. 1863. di.sab. 


Company 1). , , 

Captain Samuel P. Vanatta, fom. Oc'tol)er 10. 1SG2, resd. 
March 20. 1863. 

Captain John D. Thuiupson, com. liist. lieuteiuail,, October 10, 
1862, prmtd. f-aptain .AFarch 20, 1863, died at Salem. Ind., August 
8. 1863. 

Captain Henry ^1. Wilson, e. as seri^^eant Au.aust 9. 1862. 
prmtd. second lieutenant January 1, 1863, prmtil. first lieutenant 
^rareh 20. 1863. prml^l. captain August *-), 1863. Lieutenant John C. Surnniers, e. as sergeant August 4. 
1862, prmtd. second lieutenant IMareii 20. 3863, prmtd. first lieu- 
tenant August 9. 1863. wd. at Opecjuan. Va.. September JO. 1864. 

Second Lieutenant James \l. Kennedy, com. October 10. 1862, 
rcsd. December 26, 3862. 

Second Lieutenant AYiJliam i'ostlewait. e. as corporal July 28. 

1862. com. secoiul lieutenant Ma>' 26. 1864, ni. o. as first sergeant. 
Sergeant Wm. Gedde.s, e. August 9, 1862, disd. April 11, 1863. 


Sergeant A. AY. ^ilartin, e. August 9, 1862, ea}>td. at Sabine 
Cross Roads, La. 

Sergeant James F. AYisliard, e. August 8, 1862. 

Sergeant Jos. A. Fawcett. e. August 9. 1862, wd. at Yicksburg. 
and died June 20. 1863. 

Sergeant AVm. Lampbaer, e. August 2. 1862, disd. ^Mareh 30. 

1863. disab. 

Sergeant Wni. S. AIcDuft". e. August 9, 1862, wd. at Cedar 
Creek, disd. April 20, 1865, wds. 

Corporal A. StejJienson. e. August 9. 1862, disd. January 31. 
1863. disab. 

Corporal Georg(> W. Ferguson, e. August 28, 1862, wd. Cham- 
pion Hills, died at Meni])lus, June 14. 1863. ' '. . , • ■ < ...... j..., 

Corporal S. Opfelt. e. August 6, 1862. 

Corporal Harrison Stephens, e. August 15, 1862. wd. at Win- 
chester and Cedai- Crei'k. died Haltimore XovemV)er 10. 1864. 

Corporal AVm. St. Clair, e. August 9. 1862, wd. at Champion 
Hills, disd. December IT. 1863, wds. 

Corporal Kd\\-ard ]\!. Evans, e. Au^Mist 14. 1862. wd. at Cedar 
Creek, disd. June 21. 1865, wds. 

Corporal AV. \V. Wilkinson, e. August 5. 1862, wd. Cedar 
Creek, disd. Januai\- 5. 1865, wds. 


Corporal James K. :\Iitch<41. v. Auy:iist 11. 18G3, wd. Cedar 

Cor]i;>ral Ivawreiicf Harding, v. Anjrust 8. 18G2, eaptd. at 
Sabine Cross Roads, La. 

Corporal AVrn. W. ]\lcCo\\ c. August 8. 18G2. 

Corporal II. II. Greenlee. 

Musician J. F. Tryou. o. August 8, 1862. 

Musician J. JenlvS, e. August 8, 1862. 

Wagoner Jos. F. Thompson, e. August 14, 1862. 

■■■ Ashbey, James, e. August 1. 1862, \vd. at Cedar Creek. 

Armstrong. John. e. August 1. ^S'6'2. 

Arrowhood, Nelson, e. xVugust 9, 1862, dictl at Helena, Ark.. 
January 20, 1863. 

Aliardiug, H., e. August 9. 1862. disd. March 3, 1863, disab. 

Brennon. Jno., e. August 5, 1862, wd. at Winchester. 

Barney, Wm.. e. August 12, 1862. 

Burton, 0. B., e. August 8. 18G2. 

Baldwiii. Iliram, e. August 9. 1862, kid. in battle at Sabine 
Cross Roads, l^a.. April S, 1861. 

liurtoJi. Euos E.. e. 8, 1862. died at Alilliken's Be)id, 
La., May 3, 1863. 

Bowe, Daniel F.. e. August 9, 1862, \vd. at Winchester. 

Buttolph. Alfred, e. August 8, 1862, captd. at Sabine Cross 
Road.s, La. 

Bi-ov.n, Wm. H.. e. August 11, 1862, wd. at Cedar Creek. Va. 

Bert. Henry, e. February 25. 1S64. died July 19, 1861. at New 

, Brewer. I)-a E.. e. August 14, 1862. 

Bowe, R. E., e. Fel)ruary 2o, 1864. 

Barton, Joseph N., e. August 8. 1862. wd. at Cedar Creek, disd. 
Januaiy 20. 1865. wds. 

Cai-rier, F. L.. e. January 5. 1864. kid. at Sabine Cros.s Roads, 
La.. April 8. 1864. 

Clai-k. Budd. e. August 9. 1862. wd. at C'-dar (hvek. 

Cai-rier, A. L., e. February 6. ]:^Cii, wd. at ^^'illch'.^stel^ 

Crawfoi-d. Samuel A., e. August 16. 1862. wd. at Champion 
Hills, died at Baker's Creek. :\Iis.s.. .Alay 25, 1863. 

Cottrell, Wm.. e. August 9, 1862. 

Cnllicoit. Th-'uias B,., V. Au'.nist 8. 1862. 


Cottrell. A., e. August H. 1862, died AuLfust 1, 1863. at St. 

C(»ttivll, Ls;:.-ic, V. August V.K 1SG2, died at .Alillikcn's Bend. 
La., Jiuie 3, 1S63. 

Det.weler, Klij;di. e. Aiigust 9. ]SG2. 

Eastman, Ilanuan, e. August. 9. 1S62, July 5, 1863, disab. 

Fee, Jame.s 'M. 

Furnace. Jacob, e. August 1. 1862. \vd. at Cedar Creek. 

Goodwin. Elliott, e. August G. 1862. disd. June 28, 1863, disab. 

llinkle. II. C. c. Augus't 9. ]8G2. disd. April 4. 1883. disab. 

Hampton, Benj. C. e. August 8, 18G2. died at Xev.- Orleans. 
June 22. 18G1. 

HoUingsworth. W. L., e. August 8. 18G2, wd. at Cedar Creek, 
disd. January L'O. 1865. wd.s. 

Hite, Jacob, e. August 9, 18G2. \vd. at Clianipiuji Hills, disd. 
July 4. 18G4, wds. 

Ilite, X.. e. August 9, 1862. 

Ilod-son. Z., e. August ]. 1SG2. 

Holiister. F. E.. e. August 8. 1862, died at Carrolton. La.. Sep- 
tember 9, 1863. 

Hovrard, H.. e. August 4, 1862. 

Haines. Clayton, e. August 14. ]S62. disd. August 16. 1863. 

Honeywell, lien.i.. e. Augu-i 14. 1862. ea]itd. at Champion 
Hills, kid. at Cedar Creek. Or-tobei- ]9. LS64. 

Jones. David, c, August 9. 1SG2. disd. Janua/iy 21. 1863. disab. 

• "1 ■ •• • ■ 
Ivnapp. Yriiliam. e. August 8, 1862. 
Kimball. C. B.. e. 9. 1862. 

Keller. A. S.. e. August 9. 1862. ca])td. a1 Sa.bine Roads. 

Kelly. -Ino. e. AuQiist 9. 1862. 

Luton. J no., e. January T). LSG4. wd. at Windiester. 
Loutzenhizer. John. e. Au2i!.st 9. 18G2. died at Helena. Ark., 
M:\rrh 13. 1863. 


Lock, P. A., e. DecejiibtT 24, 18G3, wd. at AVinelu'strr, dis-i. 
:\ray 23, 1865. wds. 

:\leans. V:. AV., e. I)ecein1)er 13. 18G3. 

Moore, Kniin<.;tt, e. Aui^ust 9, 18U2. dii-d June 10. 3SG3. at 
}]oh'm\, Avh. 

IMeGladi'. Francis, c. August 1, 1S62. 

Maxson. James, e. August 9, 1862, \vd. at Champion Hills, died 10, 1863, at ]\[emphis, wds. 

^Faxson, ^Ym., c. August 9. 1862. 

■ ' Xewell. Geo. W., e. 9. 1S62. 

Xance. Alex., e. August 5, 1862. died April 14. 18G3, at Helena. 

Park. Alfred, e. August 4. 1862, died at iJolton. .Miss.. May 15. 

Prill, James H.. e. August 9. 1S62. 

Prior, Thos., e. August 9. 1862, eptd. at Cedar Creek. 

Peek. Win. ^k, e. August 7, 1862. 

Pa my. Asa. e. August 1, 1862. 
Reggie, Uavid. e. 9. 1862. 

Kailsback. Geo)'ge W.. e. August 9, 1862. died on steamer D. A. 
JiiBuary 14, 1863. 

Race. A7-cliibald, e. xVugust 14. 1862. 

Raliauser. Jacob, e. August 8, 1862. ' . 

Seott. Sam, e. Deeember 18, 186:!. trans, to Y. Fi. C. 

Smith, George S., e. Augu>st 8. 1862. disd. May 9. 1863, dis.ib. 

Shugart. Jos. R.. e. Aug^jst 9. 1862, \vd. at Cl'ampion Hill*, 
kid. at Cedar Creek. October 19, 1864. 

Sunnners. \Ym. H., e. Ausrust 4. 1862, wd. at Champion Hills. 
died May 18. 1863. 

Stewai-t. Franklin P., e. August 14. 1862. died at Yinton 
Sc|)tcniber 21. 1864. 

Tbompsun. John W.. e. August 14, 1862. 

Willett. Elishu. e. August 9. 1862. 

AYilford. Jam<'s H.. e. Au^'ust 1. 1S62. wiL at Champion Hill-, 
died at P.aker's Creek Mav 29. 186:'.. 


Wood. Kli. f. Autcust 4. 1862. died at Memphis April 7, 18G3. 

Wi-i^L'ht, Eii(;s, e. August 1, 1862. disd. June 28, 186:^ disah. 

Wcavrr. L-vi ]■].. e. AiiErust !). 1862. \vd. a.t Champion Hills. 

AVilliaiiis. Ceo. W.. e. Auensl 9. 18G2. 

AVilliaiiis. T. F.. r. AinruHt D. 1862. \vd. at Winchester, disd. 
.Alay 20. l^Go. v/ds. 

Williams, D. C, e. ]6. 1862. wd. at Champion Ilills. 
and died at ^Mempliis. Jime 14. 1863. 

Wri,r;lit, George W.. e. Anarust 5. 1862. 

Win-field. C. e. Aii^rust 1). 1862. 

Wallace, John S.. e. Au-iist 16. 1862, died at Berwick City, 
IjOnisiaTia, Di^ceinher 22. ^^M]\. 

Wolf, p:iias. (>. Decembei' 14. 1863. 

York'. James, e. Auunst 1. 1862. 

Company IF. Eighteenth Infantky. 

The Kiirhteenth was mustered into the service Ar.<]rust 5, 6 and 
7. 1862. with 875 officers and men, and was almost innnediately 
ordered into Mi.ssouri. tn .ioiu General S( liofield's command. Dur- 
iiiiT the followini: \\inte)- i( was station'-d at Springfield, and bore 
a eonspicnous part in tlie battle at that place January 7 and 8. 
1863. Th.' town was defended by a battalion of :Missouri militia 
and the Ei.ehteenth. a.eainst an ai'my 4.000 strong. The regiment 
remained here for a long time, varied by a chase of the rebel Gen- 
eral Shelby into Arkansas, thenec to Fort Smith. 

In the spring of 1864. the regiment was attached to General 
Steele's command, and marched to Camden: on April 13th. was 
in an engagement near ^loscow, tliirty miles from Camden. On 
A[)ril 17t]i. rei-eived seven siicce.-?sive and impetuous cliarges from 
sii{»t:rior ini)nl)ers. and returned to Camden with a of seventy- 
seven mow ;returned to Fort Smith, and until it was mustered out, 
iu:)thing {jarticularly noteworthx' occnried. 

TiiK K().-;tkk ok Company U. 

Captain Jos. Van T^letre. com. August 6. 1862. wd. in action 
and Springfield, m. o. Janmiry 8. and dieil of wds. January 14. 

Captain C. Rhodabeck. e. as sergeant July 5. 1862. prmtd. 
sergeant, majeu'. pi'intd. see()n<l lieuteimnt December 18, 1862 


primtd. first liouteuaut Jjinuary 22. 18G3, promtd, f-aptaiii June, 
1863. honorably discd. January 28. 1865. 

First Lieutenant Jas. A. Kirkpatri;'k. e. as scrir-'ant July 5. 
18tj2. ])riiitd. lirst sei--»'aiit. tlien first licutoiiaiit January 30. 1865. 

Soeuud Lieutenant AVui. H. Wood. coin. Aufrusf 6. 1862. resd. 
XovemtH'r 23. 1862. 

Ser^reant Jolm Jl. Rfcd, e. -July 5. 1862, disd. January 29. 
1863. tlisab. 

Corporal .John C. Geddes. c. -July 5. 1862, disd. January 20, 
1863. disab. 

:\rusician A. A. Opprlt. e. July MK 1862, December 15, 
1862, disab. 

Wa^-oner A. L. Puz/.ell. e. July 7. 1862, eaptd. at Poison 
Spring. Ark. 

Barnhart, Geo. AV., e. July 7, 1862. 
l^ouiriifon. AV. F.. e. July 7. 1862. 

lirannan. Geo., o. July 7. 1S62. disd. January 30, 1863. disab. 
J^erry. AVui.. e. July 7. 1862. 
' Harnes, Frank, c Jidy 21, 1S62. 

Cue. Beu.i. F., .-. July 21. 1862. 

Enochs. Thos. V.. e. July 21. 1862. 

Fisher. Fiezekiah. e. July 21. 1862. wd. disd. June 1. 1863. wds. 

lloyt, Jolm. e. Juh 7, 1862. 
Harris. AVm. S.. c. July 7. 1S62. 

Harris. Geo., e. Jul.v 7, 18fJ2, killed at Springfield. Alo., Jan- 
uary 8. 1863. 

Isb.Jl. Jas. H.. e. July 7. 1862. \vd. at Springfield, Alo. 
... ■: •■ . •' ■ •-" 

Jordan. Hutrh E.. e. Julv 7, 1862. 

r— L;ish. Andrew, c. July 7. 1862. 

Lnug. Geo. AV.. c. July 7. 1862. disd. March 25. 1863. disab. 

Arartin. Osrar W.. c July 7. ^^62. traus. to Y. R. C- 

Alyers. E. H.. e. July 7. l'^62. \vd. disd. at Springfield. Alo.. 
A})ril 13. 1863. 


Morris. A. 1).. e. July T, 1SG2. 

.Morris, E. J., e. June IG,. 1864. ' i 

:\r<'Guirp. I), T., p. July 7, 1862, disd. February 14. 1863, disuh. 

Selioonover. Levi W.. e. ])t-reinber 16, 18G3. 

Selioouover. 0. A., e. July 7, 1862. deserted Auyust 13. 18C2. 

Smith, Jiieob F.. e. July 7. 1862, wd. at Poison Spring. Ark. 

Snyder. Jaekson. e. July 7, 1862, died Januai-y 11. 1863, at 
St. Louis. 

Sanders. Juo. 11.. e. July 7. 1862. disd.. disab. 

Shephard, X., e. -July 7, 1862, died at Springfield, .Mo.. Xovem- 
ber 21. 1862. 

Storrs. C. 11.. e. July 7. 1862. 

AVebb, l>ent(tn. e. July 7. 1862. disd. January 31, 1863, disab. 

C'o-MPAXY K. ]-\)iri'iF.rii Infaxthv. 

The Fortieth Infantry, the h^st of the three years regiments 
to be organized in the state, but not the last to get to the front, 
was nuistered into service 900 strong. Xoveniber IT). 1862. and 
ai'rived at Cohnnbus, Kentuel;y, on the jiight of l)eeejnl)er 18th. 
There it reniaijied until tlie following winter, and in ]\lay. 1863. 
.joined Grant's arni>' besieging Vieksburg. It remained in the 
vicinity of tbe Confederate stronghold unlil its eapitulation. In 
July it pai-ti'.-ipated in General Steele's ex]:»edition against Litth- 
liOek; and afterwards participated in engagements at Okoh)na 
]*rairie d'Anne and J(^]dun's Ferrx . It was nnistered out of the 
ser\ie(' iu August. ls(;,"3, and finally disbaruled at i^aveniiort. lovv'a. 
on tile 16th of that niontii. 

Roster of\xv K. 

Captain George W. Sells, co. X'ovembv'r 15. 1862. resti Xovem- 
ber 28. 1864. 

Fii'st Lif'utt'nant Jacob R. Christie, com. Xoveuiber 16. 1862. 
resd. Sej)tci!il)er 16, 1864. 

Seeoiul Lieutenant Willia.m K. Harding, com. Xovendjcr 1.'). 
1862. disd. :\rarrh 1. 1864. 

Sergeant Luke Feran. e. August 17, 1862. 

Sergeant K. C. Bare. wcL at Jenkin's P^erry. Arkansas, and 
died at Camden September 20. 1862. 


Sei-.v:(';iiil FA'i Truxcl. v. August 21. 1SG2. 

Ser-cjiijt A. W. Kddy. ,^ Au-ust ];i 1862. tnnis. to V H C 
.May G. 1SU4. 

Ser^n-ant II. Kohinsoii. e. Aiii; 21. 1S62. 

Corporal I. If. Frt-n.-h. c. Auuni.^i 1-J. 1862. n-aii.s. to V. R C. 
Aiij^ust ](». 1864. 

Corpora! ^l. McKIn-y. i.-. Aiiirust IT). 1862. 

Corporal A. J. Ffrirn.soii. e. 11. 1862. 

Corporal A.!!. i\ August 20. 1862. 

Corpo!-;.l F. Hull. L-. August 15. 1862. November 24. 
1863, disab. 

Corpoi-al Hiram MiiJtn-, c August 15. 1862. 

Corpojal H. E. Chri.stic-. e. Augu>;t 5. 1862. 

AYagoncr II. A. Buntou. e. Augu.s! 11. 1862, died at Littb- 
Rock. Oetober 22. 1864. 

Aud<i-.<on. ^lai-ioii. e. August Vo. 1862. 
Anderson. Willinm. e. August 13. 1862. 

Atchp.5on. Je^se. e. August 16 .1862. died at I'aducah. Ky.. 
August 28. 1863. 

Adams. Ira Al.. .'. August 16. 1862. died at DuvalFs Bhiff Sep- 
tember 3. 1863. .John W.. c. dauuar\- 5. 1S64, \v<l. at -leiikiu's Ferry. 

Burk. .J..jiii. e. Au-ust 12. 1862. 

Brubak.-r. Elias. e. Septembei- 2(i. 1862. disd. July 15. 1864, 

l^urrett. E. G... h. August 15. 1862. 

i>ald\viu. Joscpli. e. August IC, 1862. disd. July 21. ]^(y.], tlisab. 
, Blaek. James J., e. August 15. 1862. 

Cas.sada\'. ^Yillia)n. 

Daniels. AViJliam. v. Au-ust 12. 1862. 
Daugherty. M. A., e. August 15, 1862. 

Elliott. G. W.. e. January 2. 1864. 

Ferguson. John S.. .■. August 11. 1862. 

Fuller, Alfred, e. 20. 1862. .. ■ ^ '^ 


Gault. John, e. August 15, 18G2. 

Gillehrist, James, e. August 8, 1862, died at St. Louis, October 
i:^. ]SG3. 

Ck)Oii. Elias, e. August 20, 1S(32, died. January 30, 1863. disab. 

Gephavt, Joseph, e. 7. 1862. 

Cillfctt, C. n., e. Au!Tu^t 12. 1S62, di-,d. August 30, 1863. disab. 

Hopkins. D. W.. e. August In, 1862. 

Holiday, A. J., e. January 4. 1864. 

Hagan, .Jauu's, e. Aiigusl 12. IS'32. \s-d. at Jeiikin's Ferry, 

Hodge, George "\V.. e. August 15. 1S62. 

Haines, Henry, e. August 15. 1862. died at lovva City. Xov- 
eniber 24, 1862. 

Harper, E. K., e. August 12. 1862. 

Howe, A. J., e. August 15. 1862, trans, to In v. Coii^s, January 
15, 1864. 

lurnan. George E., e. .lanuaf.s' 5, 1864. 

Johnston. Jolm, e. August 15, 1862. 

Kuhn, Pet^r. e. August 12, 1862. 
Kelley. James, e. August 12. 1862. 

Ketterman, L. J., e. Auuust 16, 1862, died on steamer City of 
^[(-uipliis. October 4, 1863. 

Langham. AV. D., e. :\!arch 30, 1861. 

Lash, .Joseph li.. e. August 10. 1862. died at Little Rock, April 
6, 1864. 

Lee. Isaac, e. August 30. 1862. \\(\. and eaptd. at Jenkin "s 
Ferry. Ark., died :\ray 22. 1864. 

Livingston. Robert, e. Auaiist 15. 1864. 

Livingston. Andy. e. August 8. 1862. 

:\Iil!er, C. E.. e. Janmiry 2, 1864. died August 3, 1864. at Little 

iMorford, Isaac, e. August 8. 1862. died at Helena. Ai'k.. Dec- 
ember, 30, 1863. 

^roHowell, Alex. e. August 22. 1862. died at St. Louis, Novem- 
ber 30. 1863. .1 :• . ^^f■• ' : 

Vol. 1—15 


Parker, Henry E., e. August 15, 18G2. 

Patrick, D., e. August 15, ^^62, wd. ;iiirl ciptd. at Jvnkin's 
FfiTv, died at Cau'deri, .\rk., Ndv, Tii!->fr 24, 18t'ii. 
i'Hltcrson, .James K.. e. August 15, 18fi2. 
Peltoii, 0. Shea. e. August IG, 1S62. 

Kobin.soii, D. K., e. August 15, 1862. 

St. Peters, Alex., e. August 17, 18G2, disd. Deeember 21. 18G3, 

Steele, George H.. e. August 21, 18G2. 

Tlioinpson, Marquis, e. August 15. 1862. 

Thomas, Johu B., e. August 15, 18G2, died at Io\va City. Nov- 
ember 5. 1862. 

Todd, R. :\[.. e. August 5. 18G2, d"sd July 12, 1863. diab. 

Wood. P. J., e. August 8, 1862. 
AVood, AVilliam II., e. August 8. 1862. 


CoMPAxv C (Bkntox County). 

Captain Jolm II. Siiields. com. June 4. 1864. 
Sei-geant Jolui C Porter, e. :\lny 2, 1864. 
Sergeant Jaim-s B. Locke, e. ^lay 21, 1864. 
Sergeant Sili's S. P. Osgood, e. ^lay 21, 1864. 
Corporal Wm. JloJIaday. e. yi-.ry ;';0, 1864. 
Corporal Wni. G. Goodwin, e. ?ilay 21. 1864. 
Corporal Jas. ^\. Tarpenning. e. Vny 21, 1864. , , 
Corpora] John W. Krkman. v. ^lax 21. 1864. 
AFusieian AYm. Wood. ti. ]\iay 21. 1S64. 

Adams, Augustus, e. June 21, 1SG4. 
Andrews. Geo., e. ^lay 24, 1864. 

Barger. Jas. L., e. IMay 21. 1864. 
Barker. Jas. W.. e. May 21. 1864. 
Boles, Irvin S.. e. :\ray 21, 18G4. 
I'.oody. J. K.. <■. Mny 21, 1861. 
Brown, A. P.. r. :\ray 21. 18G4. 
Brown, Geo. T.. e. Miiv 30. 18G4. 


Burnett. I. J., e. INImv 30. 1S61. 
Brain. Jas. e. :^[ay 30, 1864. 

Crawford. Jas. J. e. May 21, 1864. 
Coovet, A. N.. e. ^Jay 21, 18G4. 

Davis. AVm. P., e. .Alay 23. 1861. • ; 

Dobbins. A. X., e. June 4, 1864. 
Dyke, E. B., e. May 21, 1864. 

Elson. A. :\r.. e. May 21. 1864. 
Ervin. Z. B., e. IMay 25. 1864. 

FaAveett, Jno. A., e. IMay 24. 1864. died Sept. 28. 1864, at 

FuUernveider. Yf. IT., e, ^lay 21. 1864. 
Faweett, A. IL, e. ^lay 21. 1864. 

Goodwin. Jno. N.. e. May 21. 1864. 
Good. Jno. AY., e. :\ lay 21. 1864. 
Geddes. John C., e. IMay 24. 1864. 
Greer, John F.. e. May 20. 1864. 

Haines. Alfred, e. :\ray 21, 1864. 
Hanna. A. G., e. "M^y 21, 1864. 

Jones. G. Y'., e. May 21. 1864. 

Ken-ey. S.. e. -May 21. 1864. 
Kpudall. L;iwrcnr.e. e. AFay 21. 1S64. 

K<-rns, Thomas, e. :\ray 30, 1864, died Sept. 22, 1864. at 
Davenport. ; ...■>.■.. ,.,.. \\ •• . , ' ■ .•■ ■ \- .1 

Louderbaeh, H. T., e. :\ray 21, 1864. 

:\raynard. Wni.. e. May 25. 1864. 

:vrorris. Isaiah, e. :\ray 30. 1864. 

Matthe^vs. A. J., p. :\ray 21, 1864. •■•,.: 

Afoody. John, e. :\[ay 21, 1864. •■ i • ' 

:^re.skinien. J. M.. c. May 21. 1864. 

l^orl.'r. Jas. R., e. ^lay 21. 1864. . . i 


Peck, Henry, e. M,\y 'MX 1S64. 

P»ve\-, Thomas, e. .Alay 21. 1864. ' • -■' 

Stookey. M. F., o. IMay 21. 18C4. ' • -• 

Smilli, Silas A., e. :\lay 21. lSu4. 

Wood. W., e. I^Iay 2F ]S64. di-d July 25. 1864, at Helena. 

Young-, Hnlct. e. ^Fay 12, 1864. 

■ ■ ■ C'O.A[PAXV K rp,ENTO-\' rOUXTV)_ 

Fay, H. W., e. ^lay 21, FS64. 


The Fifth Cavalry, better known as '"Curtis' Horbe." \va5 
organized at Benton Barraeks. St. Loni-^. December 20, 1861. Ir 
was composed of various; detachnients and companies from the 
western states. It did very eftlci-'ut ser^'ice. the details of v.hi.-h 
cannot here be driven, as the regiment was constantly moving. 
mostly by companies or battalions, scontini;-, foraging, pursuing 
or harassing the enemy; and, while not participating often as a 
rea'iment in lara'e battles, it was constanll}' having .smaller battles. 
'J'he principal engagements participated in were the second battle 
of Fort Donelson, where the Fifth Cavalry followed the retreating 
enemy, charged and route.] them : seveial engagements asfaiiist 
Wht-eler's cavalry at AVartrac.-. Duck River lU-idtre, Sugar Creek, 
and against Poddy's eavfdry in s<n-eral minoi- engagements. 

The Fifth became vetera.ns February 4th. and Avent home to 
report at Davenport. ^Inrr-h oth. Tiiey i-eturned to Nash\-il:e. 
Tennessee, and thence prD.'ceded on a most a.-tive campaign, tear- 
ing up • raih"oads and liurning bridges in the enemy's rear, and 
annoying and crippling them in every possible way. Finahy. 
at a place called Newman, in Georgia, they, with the Eiirhth In- were sui'rcuiuled by the consolidated ca\alry forces of 
Wheeler. Poddy. Jackson, Ibuue and Rnss. and compelled to cut 
their way out, every 7nan for himself, in which way they readied 
tlic I'nion lines. TIkmi, v>itli but ;i hamlftd of meu. tin- Fifih was 
assiirned to Kilpatrick's command, and operated almost day and 
ni-rht in the vicinilv cf Atlanta. After iroinn- to Louisville. Ken- 


tucky, and getting fresh horses, they entered into anotlier active 
(•iiin})aign, belAveen Xasliville and Athens, Jjaving several impor- 
tant (■ngagenients v/itli the enemy; and went lionie at tlie end oi! tlie 
war, with a ret-ord of wliidi every man can justly feel proud. 

CoMPAXv 1 (Klxtox County). " ' 

Sergeant David C. Onstott, vet. January 5, 1SG4, fro Co. G. 
5th inf. 

Sergeant J;is. C. Srott, ve1 . Jauuaiy 5, 186-1, fi-oni Co. G., 
5th inf. 

Corporal Ji3s. M. IMeskinions. vet. January 5, 186-1, from Co. G 
5th inf. 

Brainard, Jas.. vet. January 5th, 1864, from Co. G, 5ili inf. 
Blakeiy. E. C. vet. Januar>' 5, 1864, from Co. G., 5th inf., wd., 
disd. Se})tembfr 1. 1865. 

Baldwin, Jas., vet. January 5, 1864, fi'om Co. G., 5th inf. 

Clark, TVm. F., vet. January 5, 1864, from Co. G., 5tli inf. 
Cox, "VVjn. A., from Co. G., 5th ijd!. 
Cox, Henry, from Co. G., 5t]i inf. 
Cant()nwi]ie, David. f)-om Co. G., 5th inf. 

Dit<4i. David, vet. January 5, 1864. from Co. G.. 5th inf. 

Hatfield. L. S., vet. January 5, ]S64, from Co. G., 5th inf. 
Hayek, Geo., vet. January 5th, 1864. from Co. G.. 5th inf. 

Johnson, Jas., vet. January Stli, 1864, from Co. G.. 5th. inf. 

]\'immons, Jas .M., vet. January 5, 1864. from Co. G., 5th 
inf., disck, terni expired. 

Moody, Jas.. vet. January 5. 1864. from Co. G., 5lh inf. 

Porter. Eicliard, vet. Januaiy 5, 1861, from Co. G., 5th inf., 
killed at Columbus, Georgia, April 16, 1865. 

Kobliins, W. 0.. vet. January 5. 1864. from Co. G., 5th inf. 

Stewart, AVn\. F., v.t. Febmarv 6. 1864. from Co. G., 5th inf. 


Stewart. Elijah, vet. Janunry 5. ]864, from Co. G., 5th inf. 
Starks, L. IE. vet. January 5, ]S64, from Co. Gr., 5th inf. 

Taylor, E. IE. vet. February 6. 1864, from Co. G., 5th inf. 

White, John. vet. -January 5, 1S64, from Co. G., 5th inf. 


Tlie Sixth cavalry va.s reeruited in 1S62, and was sent to ^[iu- 
nesota immediately after bein^' mounted and drilled, vrhere it 
marched under General Sully ajjfain.'^t the Indian.s. During 
August. 1863. three companies of the Sixth, under command of 
Major House, while on detached service, undertook to hold a camp 
of ES^O Indians until word could he sent to the main force, but 
this proved to be almost t0f> large a job fur the men ; for the Indians 
wei-e breaking a^^•ay just as General Sully came up with Colonel 
I). S. AVilson, at the head of the Sixth, and Colonel Furnas in 
connnand of the Second Xebra.'iska. The battle began instantly, 
two companies of the Sixth going througli the camp, and Colonel 
Furnas joining ^Eijor TTou<e. The engagement lasted until after 
dark, when the bugles sounded the recall. The Indians lied dur- 
ing the night, leaving everything but their ponies and arms behind. 
The next day ^3th; the command destroyed half a million pounds 
of dried meat, three hundred lodges and other valuable property. 
Over a hundred dead Indians were fcmnd on the field. On July 
28, ESG4, the Sixth had a band in the engagement with the Indians 
at Tahkahokutah. M-here the Indians occupied a secure position 
on some steep and rocky blutTs, partly covered with tinaber. The 
Jjidia.ns threw out nmunted skirmishing parties eight or ten miles 
in advance of this ]>ositit)n. wb.ich w< ye drive)) back to the ]i]\itYs. 
The Indians were then shelled out of their position in the rocks 
and foreed to i-etreat with considerable loss. August 8th the regi- 
ment, which had ca)nped the prt-vious night on the Eittle ^lissouri. 
had a skirmisli with a heavy foi'cc (^f Ijulians. and on the follovvdug 
day got a chance lo charge tliem a distance of over two miles, 
killing a consideralde number. The regiment remained in Dakota 
until winter, bivouacked at Sioux Ci1y until spring, and was mus- 
tered out in October. 18G5. 


CoiiPANY fl (Bkxton County). 

Captain Jcptha M. Xnu ^Mi\\ e. as scrgcaiU September :12, 
1862. prmtd. eoniy. sergeant, tht-n captain July 1:5, 18G5. 

Sergeant \Cm. W. Davis, e. September 15.. 1862, kid. Septem- 
ber 3, 1863.. at Wliite Stone Hill, D. T. 

Farrier, A. ^Merchant, e. Septcmbci- 15, 1862. 

FajTier, J. AV. Davis, e. September 24, 1862. 

Conley, Wm., e. September 22, 1.862. 

Dummett, W. H., e. September 24, 1862. 

Dummett, W. K., e September 26, 1862. )dd. at battle of White 
Stone Hill, D. T. 

Stiekney, Julius, e. October 10, 1S62. 

Co,AiPAXY I (Bextox Colxty). 

Corporal Milo N. Higgins, e. September 24, 1862, died at AYhite 
Stone Hill, D. T., September 4, 1862, wds. 

Compaxy K (Bextox Coun'tv) 

Johnson, Laiitz, e. October 31. 1862. 
Harper, D. C, e. October 31, 1862. 


This regiment organized at ''Camp Hend-'r.shott," Daven- 
p!irt. in tlie suiumer of 1863. and ordej'eil to duty against tlie 
lMdi:in.s in Xel^iaska. Dakota, f;olo)'ad.i and Kansas. Portions of 
the regiment weru engaged in the b^ittks of AYiiite Stone Hill. 
Tahkahokutah. Bad Lands. Little Bine Julcslnirg. I\iud Spring, 
Rush Creek, Horse Creek, Cow Creel:, and other engagements, in 
whirli the bi-ave Iowa boys fought i^allantly. The battle of Jules- 
burg. Colorado, was fought by Coiupany F. under CJaptain O'Brien. 
The Indians in lai-ge munbers luul attacked a train. Captain 
O'Brien marched to its a.s.sistaiicc. and tiie battle continued du.riTig 
the day. The comj.any lost thriteen killed, and the Indians lost 
fifty-five. The regiment remained on the plains fighting the 
Indians until 1S66. 


CoMP-NNv G (Hextox Couxty). 

ArJist. A. S., e. .May 25^ J863. 
Cotton, Isaa<', e. :May ]0, 1863. Seth, e. Judo ], .18G3. 
Jeriierso]j. J). :\1.. e. I^Iay 25, 1SG3. 
^[cGuire, D. .^I.. e. :\Jay 25, 1863. 
Meeker. Thaddeus, e. .]\mc 1, 1863. 
Kandall, Jnhu. c. May 25, 1863. 
Uuderwood. -1. X., e. June ]. 18G3. 

CoMP.^x'Y II (Bextox County). 

Captain Jolm H. Brooks, com. July 13, 1863, disjuissed Jan-j- 
ary 7, 1864. 

Second Lieutenant E. ^M. lluli-liings, c. sergeant, prmtd. seeond 
Jicutenant July 10, 1864. 

Alaii-. IT. A., e. June 10, 1863. died at Fort Kearney. Januci-y 
26. ]864. 

liowen, J. W., e. .^fay 10. 1863. kid. at Smoky ITi]l Cro-ssinc. 
Ivaijsa.s, by Indians, August 16, 1864. 

Burke, Thomas, e. June 12. 1863, deserted July 15, 1863. 

Heudei-son, George, e. May 25. 1863. 

Jones, R. E., e. :May 10, 1863. 

J^itt-s, W. H.. e. May 10. 1863. 

Shoemaker, James, e. I^lay 10. 1863. 
Stewart, William, e. May 10, 1863. 
,N' f.:.ic: :■■'■'■ ( ■ .^ 

Tayloi-. Chesley. e. June 16, 1863. -• ' ■ ' • "•• 


This regiment, Co!onc4 Mattliew M. Tnnnbull, was the last of 
tile thi'vM' T-egiments recruited in Iowa. It was organized at Daven- 


port, November 30, 1863, and ordfred to Arkansas, where it re- 
mained perforjniuf^ heavy sc.-outing and garrison duty until the 
close of the v/ar. 

CoMPAXv C (Rentox Couxty). 

Sergeant Edward ]\IeGuire. e. July 29, 1863. 
Corporal Jacob J. Sanders, e. August 29, 1863. 
Teamster Peter B. Greenlee, e. June 25, 18G3, died at Vinton. 
October 23, 186i. 

Trumpeter J. L. ]Moore, e. June 25, 1SG3. 

Bruce, C. L., e. August 10, ]8G3. 
Brown, Huston, e. Septenit)er 5, 1863. 

Durand, F.. e. July 25, 1863. died I\Iarcli 26, 1864 at St. Louis. 

Harris, B. F., e. July 4. 1S63. 

Kennedy, C, e. August 8, 1863. 

:\rather, J. W.. e. July 2, 1863. ■ • . ' , 

Shaul, A. E.. e. Angus! 8, 1863. 

Steece. AYtlliain, e. Angust 2, 1863, died January 15, 1865, at 
Alton, 111. 

Ih-ny, E. M.. e. July 13, 1863, disd. April 26, 1864. 

Young, "\Y. T., e. July 7, 1863. 

.. ivi I .• I'xiox SupvoKT AT Home. 

"While the men from Bonton county weiv valiantly contending 
on the field of battle. th(\v had t!ie comforting assurance that their 
families, as well as the suppoi-ttM's of households, were being pro- 
vided for by patriotic citizens whose cirrnmstances made it im- 
pos.sible for tiicm to participate iu militai-y operations. This 
remark is tnie fis a whole, but that there wen- exceptions is evident 
from the following iudii,'nant cdiiori;il jublishcd in the Vi}itoji 
Kaglc of October 3. 1S61 : 

"lint of all the accursed meanness extant, that of advising the 


poor, sickly wife of one of the volunteei-s to take in washing for the 
suppoi-t of heivself nud chiklreji, while her Ini.sband, her only sup- 
port, in this life, is olT like a true nian, exposing his life for the 
general cause, caps the eliniax. Tlie next. meanest act is that of 
doling out a few pounds of Hoiir tc a half-stj'.rved woman witli a 
Inrge famih', and at the same tiiih'. waruinir her to be as saviiig of 
it as possible. Ba!i: it malves us fairly siek to have to write about 
such littleness of soul. Of what avail is it to observe a day of 
humiliation, fasting and pra>'cr, to the end that the Almighty will 
shower down plentiful blessings upon us as a community, unle.'^s a 
stop is put to tlie daily fa.sting that is going on in our ? It 
will not require a gi'cat deal of searching to find volunteers" faui- 
ilies who are destitute of almost everything but flour, and who have 
but precious little of that. AVe do not purpose to specify families. 
It is for such as we have last designated to look tliem up and relieve 
their wants." 

In October. l^Gl. the Ladies Aid Societ}' was organized in 
Vinton, and throughout the entire period of the Civil war the wives, 
mothers, sisters and sweethearts labored night and day for the 
relief of their absent ones. The county board of super\'isors v\-as 
also energetic and thoughtful in providing all possible encourage- 
ment to would-be volunteers and extending aid to those uuioji fam- 
ilies wiiich had been bereaved of their support and were in ne'":'d of 
assistance. In 1S62. at a special meeting of that body. 
a bounty of fifteen dollars was voted to be paid to each private and 
Tion-commissioned officer of two volunteer companies, and in Janu- 
ary lS6o. the board also voted to extend aid to the families, espec- 
ialh' to wives and mothers who were solely dei)eLident on soldiers 
for tlif^ir suj^port. Oilier bo.uitie-. were favoi'ed by the supervisors 
before the conclusion of the wai'. one of the ia-st being one hundred 
iluHai's N'otcd to eai-h volunteer or draftsman who sliould ai^rec to 
serve until the cessation of hostilities. 

,• •,, , Si'MMAKV or AVak ]\[atters. ■ - ■■ '' " '•' 

One of tlie best smnmaries of Civil war afl'airs. as relates to 
Henton i-ounty. was written .several yeai"s ago hy Professor T. F. 
Tobin, of the Tilford Collegiate Academy, and is here re-published: 
" lienton county may well he pi-oud of its eai'ly sr-ttlers. of its 
growth, ('f its sj-tlcndid farms, of its institutions, but the great 
glory of lienton is tlie patriotism it manifested during the dark 
da\'s of our nation's hislorv from 'Gl to Ti^), llai'dlv had the reliel 


guns tliat ])0ui'ih1 thrir storm of iron hail upon Sumter's walls 
ceased to echo over the land, wlien a war meetino- was called at 
Vinton. This was A{)rii 19, 1861. John Shane was president of 
the meeting and ^Y. \Y. llanford seeretai-y. . Resolutions were 
adopted to raise a company in Benton county and on Saturday tlie 
20th, a )-ecniiting oflire op'-ned in t)ie law oiTico of Conuell & 
Vanatta. Among the lirst to enlist were \V. C. Council, J. S. Hunt, 
^V. T. Pickerell, i\I. Thompson, W. A. Walker, John Dempsey, and 
Kdwin Jenks. Tom Drunnnond took the stage foi- Cedar Rapids 
immediately upon hearing of the firing upon Sumter and proceeded 
directly to Washington and enti-i'cd the regular army as second 
lieutenant of the Fifth Cavali-y. 

"On ]\Iay 30, the ladies of Ik'uto]! county forjued an organiza- 
tion for the purpose of preparing lint and bandages for the. soldiers. 
Tiicrc were many cnthusiastir rnion rallies in Benton county, but 
it would require a volume to do them justice. About ]May 1 a 
meeting was held at Barker "s Grove, of which C- B. Neal was presi- 
dent and J. L. Budd, secretary. All througli the county patriot- 
ism Mas atiajue and Benton's hjyal sons stepped j"u)l)ly to the front 
to volunteer tlieir services for the L^nioji cause. On the morning 
of July 9, the compan\' \\lnch had be(M) enlisted marched acros^s 
the river at Yinton, where on the otIhM- side wagons were v^'aiting 
to convey them to Lidependem-e. Tiience they went by rail to 
l)ubu(|ue and down the river by boat to Burli]igton_ and there they 
became Compaiiy G. Fifth lov;a Yoluntecrs. On xVugust 3 the 
Harrison Rangers. Captain Geddes. paraded the streets of Yinton 
and were ordered to Davenport, where they became Company 1), 
Eighth Iowa Yoluutcers. In September a ca\'alvy company was 
cuganized. with dobn Shane as c;!]'iain. da7nes H. Shults. Ijrst 
lieutenant, and Wm. A. \Vail-:ei-. sercind li'Liliinant. Tliey were 
kno^\■n as the Bcjiton Guai-ds and on Octol)er 15 left Yinion fur 
Davenport- -Camp ]McCiellan — and liccame Company G, Thirteenth 
Iowa. 1 cannot gi\c more than a mere outline of the ditTerent 
companies that went out from l>e)itou county but you will be able 
to see that it, is a record to be proud of. 

"Eighth Infantry — Comj)anies 15. D, F, and C. 

"Fifth Infantry — Company C). " 

"Fifth Yeteran Cavalry — Company I. 

"Twelfth lnfantr>' — Compan\- D. 

"Sixth Cavalry — Companies 11. 1 and K. 

"Thirteenth Infantry— -Comp;unes E and C. ^ 

"Seventh Caxalry — Companies C aiid H. 


"Eic'htt'cnth Infantry— Conipajiy II. 

"Ninth Cavalry— Company C. 

"Twenty-eiglith Infantry — Conipauies A, (; anil, D. 

"Fortieth Infantry — Conij)ariy K. 

■■Fort3'-t>eventh Infantry — Companies C and K. 

"Besides these tiiere \ver«i •_'! otlu'r regiiiients that Benton 
county men enlisted in and, if I am e(^i-reet in my figures, Bentt^n 
county sent out 900 men as a tribute to patriotism for the old liag. 
I v, I could give the complete roster of the heroic boys in blue 
that went out from Benton county during 'those days that tried 
men 's sduLs. ' I see many of them before me today and old Benton 
is pi'ond of their acldevemeuts and her greatest glory in the future 
ought to be to show in every possible manner her aj>preeiation of 
this noble remnant of that Grand Ai'iny, whose uuexanapled patriot- 
ism, unwavering fortitude, and surpas;>ing valor made it possible 
for us to enjoy the blessings of the peerless nation we call our own. 
Ood bless the old soldier and may vo^vs, strew his pathway as he 
marches onward to the last bugle call. 

"But when the boys returned in 'Cb, brijiging back the flags 
you presented them with four years before, torn and stained with 
sliot and shell and wearied mar'-hcs. yet crowned Avith glories of 
victory — there were some that dul not return with them — some are 
sleeping the last long sleep under the soutiieni skies. Some of 
ther.i went down beneath that hdl of fire in tlK- hornet's nest at 
Sliiloh, so many of the lo'wa tt'oups bravely held back the 
advancing rebel rank and saved the day. Some fell in that heroic 
charge up Lookout ]\[ountain. Some laid down the burdens of a 
soldier's life on the Red river and some sank iisleep amidst the 
dreadful horrors of Andersonvilie and Libby. but they dii-d as 
Union soldiers and Benton county will never forget their noble 
deeds nor their heroic deaths. 

"On Fame's eternal camping ground. 
Their silent tents ;ire spread, 
And glory guards with solemn round, 
The bivouac of tiie dead." 


Tluirsda.v, July 4. 1861. celebrated by the people of Benton 
county at Vinton, and the occnsion one of those memorable 
incidents of county history tliat !iia.\' not be overlooked. Tlic' 
LM-eat rcliellion hatl .just raised ilic .'•atti-'snake tlau'. The fii-.^t in- 


slallniont of I^cnton county vuliniteers wore prepMi'ing to leave for 
tlie scat of war. The pati'iolic licait of l5c)itoii county was all 
al>laze with jiatriolisTti aiu.l (Icloi-iuinnt ion io nuiiiitain 1h(/ hoiioi' of 
the Sl;irs mill Stripes at all ha/;ir<ls. An. iiinnense (Tuieourse 
L'';iihcrt'(l from jiH (.lircctioiis. ^Fen. women juul children came in 
carriaLres, carts, on horseback and oji foot. Nevei' before liad 
Vinton seen snch a crowd. Kver.y township in the county was 
represented, and Vinton was litei-ally j^aeked with human beings, 
horses and earriaL-'es. 

The ofdceis of the day \\'ei-e as follows: President. S. T*. 
Vanatfa; vice p)-esidents. IT. D. Day. S. 11. AVatson. R. Gilchrist, 
Vinton; dames Rca. Benton : 11. S. Bailey, Bip- Grove; "\V. C. Smith, 
Homer: David b'obli. Ga)i1on; Geo. ^b-Coy. Harrison: Isaac N. 
Chenoweth. Tvb/n : J. C. Kinselk Polk; George Fawcett, FVemont : 
G. AV. Dnrand. Cedar; S. .Misk'imin. ^lonroe ; AVilliam Helm, Jack- 
son; chii>f marshal. A. H. Severn; assistant iTjarsluds. W. C. Gaston. 
.]. II. Shields: Chaplain. Rev. A. Chapin. 

'JMie ]U'0cession, which e.xterided al)ont a mile, Avas formed in 
front of the public square arul marduMl to the c,rove, where the 
e.\ercis'\s of tlu^ day eonnnenced with sinking by the choij- and 
prayiM" by Ihe chaplain. follo\\eil by an address by the ])rtsident 
of the day, and reading of tlie Declaration of Indej)ende7ice by 
Ibiren K. Shei'jiian. A feature of tlie occasion was the admiiiistra- 
tion of the oath of allegiance tn the as.semli]cd multitude by -lames 
Clia})in, each pers'^n repeatinu' his ov her own naiue and repeating 
afler him the oaili, which \\as as follows: 

''I do solemnly swear, in the presence of Almight.N' (hxI. th:tt 
1 \vill true faith and loyally bear to tlie government of the United 
Stales a?id tlie constitution tliereof. " 

The- da.\' and the tinu' rendered this ceremony peculiarly .sol- 
emn and impi'essive. Pebels were in arms to destroy tlie nation, the 
birtlulay of whi(di they wert> met to celebrate. Two companies of 
volunteers- -the P>enlon County A^^olunteers. Captain J. S. Hunt, 
and the Hari-ison Kangers, Captain (o'ddes — wei'e present in uni- 
form and wer(> soon to march to the defense of the Union; and as 
the unitf^d voices of the assembled multitude repeated the solemn 
oath, every heart was thrillofl wilJi ])';di"iotic pride and devotion. 

Afler the picnic dinner, tin ahh' and eloquent patriotic oration 
was dcli\ered b\' Hon. T. AV. Jackson, of Tole(hi. After reviewing 
tlie teri-ibh' situation and the efl'nits of T-eb(d hands to destroy the 
irover-iuiient. the orator uttered the follnwini: prophetic words: 

''Bnt tliis Union iriU II lu. 'I'lie old Ship of .State will outride 


the billows. God's liinid is at the helm; his breath is in the stonn. 
AVhou I survey my eoiintry today, I confess I would despair did 1 
not know th.Ml we arc uiKlei- the irnidauce of Iliui who docth all 
things we]]. Behind the dark clouds now- hoverinsr so ominously 
over us. T ciin detect the sniilinj; fftce of ITim who has ever been the 
director of iiiitions and of men. The si.tms of th.e times are redo- 
lent with Feel the beatinu' pulse of the nation of freemen 
today: hear tlie nineteen million throbbing hearts beatino^ in 
unison "to the music of the union.' See with what alacrity three 
hundreil thousand njcn ha\-e tlown to arms; view the chaffiuijr 
eai.^erness of a nn'llion moi'c tr» rally at llieir country's call. Pre- 
eminently honored .stands today every soldier in the grand army of 
of the Uni<jn. I en\'y their happy lot. Future .generations will 
call them btlessed. Tliose who come after us pointing to their 
posterity, will say, 'lichold. their grand.sires fought in the battles of 
the Union." Their 's is a higher title than patents of nobility. 
History will write tliem down the defenders of this God-given 
Union. I would rather wear that badge than all the stars which 
shine upon (he nobles of the earth. l^ut as tliat boon hath been 
denied to you and to me. let u.s give the heroes our means and 
prayers. ' ' 

At tlic close of the oration, toa.sts were read b.v the president, 
among v/liich were the following: 

'"The Twc-nty ]Vli!lion Freemen of the Xorth — With one accord 
they rusli to tlie defense of our constitution aud tlie maintenance 
of our laws. With such citizen soldiers, the cause of liberty and 
justice is ever secure." 

Eloquent response ])y J. II. Shulls. 

"Our Flag— Fore) iiost ensign in the vangiiai'd of thy great 
army of human ])rogre;s.^. beiu^ath whose glittering stars and fiauut- 
ing sti-ipes are gathered the embattled hosts of law. order and con- 
stitutional governme?it on this contiricnt. and to wliich are hope- 
fully directed the straining eyes of the oppre.s.sed nationalities of 

Response by AY. C. Ga.ston. Esq. 

"The Press — The strongest bulwark of American liberty." 

Response by Fredeiick Lyman. 

•'The Ladies — Without their a.ssistance the world stands still." 
, r\es]"»onse by .James Chai)in, as follows: 

'"Woman! the finishing work of creation, 

Exerts a wide influence over tlie nation; 

In fjict. su'-h a mission she's made to fulfill, 


'Tis s;iiil that v.itliout he!' the worKl would statul still I 
r>iit should such a ealninity ever liofall. 
Instead of a still world, we'd lia\i' none at all. 
And tlir dried-up old sjM'einifns of hntnaji depravity. 
Like Egyptian minuniies. would till up the cavity. 
In all a*4<:"<. if history p:ives faithful r»'latiotis, 
AVoniau has more or less £!,overued tlie nations ; 
And disloyal mothers are moi-e to b^' feared 
Than all tlie ])i'0iul Xerxes tluit ever appeared; 
For tliosf who in cliildhood are under her drill. 
In inanliood will clierish her sentiments still. 
]>ut if slie is loyal, her sons will prove true — 
'Gainst the ranks of rebellion will fight their way through. 
And likewise the daughters — God bless them today! 
Of our beautiful llonic Guards. I've something to say, 
"Who carry sueh \\eapons as arrows and lances. 
And never fii-e when they shoot with tlieir glances. 
"When the soldier.^ at night oji thfir arms have reclined. 
And dream of their homes and the girls left behind. 
These chivalric daughters, in all their bright charms, 
■ At home dreain of union, and sleep otj their arins. " 

Among the incidents of the da.\" was the appearance of the 
venerable Jame.s Dowd. of Shellsljuru, ujiward of oiglity years old. 
dressed in the military costume of the American Ticvolation. 

The exei-cises of the day were closed b.^ a grand ball at tlie 
Fremont House, attended by fifty or .sixty couples. 


Br Jacob Spkixuer. " ' ' " ' 

In the sununer of 1863 there was a secret political society 
organized in St. Clair township called "A Golden Circle." It was 
a dlsloy;il orgauizalion ralculated to cultivate disloyal sentiments. 
To couTiteract its iniiuence ''A Loyal League" was organized. The 
country was under martial law. The authorities had issued an 
order prohibiting tli.' sale of fire-arms Dr ammunition. The otlieers 
of the Loyal League made application through provo-marshal de- 
partment for permi.ssion to purchase enough Colt's nn'olvers and 
ammunition to arm every man. Thr request was granted and the 
revo!vei-s were secured, sujlicient in ninabi'i- to arm e\'ery mari in the 


Loyal Lt/uLTut'. Ivirii rt'volviT c-osl $1G.OO In the nieautirne 
several younir uwn wlio had be'cn drafted in Pennsylvania had 
t'sea]>ed to Iowa and were hai-hoi-cd in the southwest part of the 

So nutuy of ilic I'nion men had enlisted it was a question 
whether tlie Union )n(Mi \\'oiild lie able ti> pre\-ent the Disloyalists 
fi-um controlling the eoniini:;- elei-Tion. It was rumored that the 
Disloyalists intended to run i]i and vote those eseaped drafted men 
whieh woidd irive theni a suffieient ^■ote to control the election. On 
the night before the election all of the members of the Loyal League 
assenibled at ]\Ir. Springer's (fidly armed) and held a meeting in 
liis harii. Plans were au:rred upon f(»' the next da>'. Wm. Kelley 
(h good, eool, clear-headed, whole-souled Presbyteriaii) was selected 
as leader for the next day. Every man pledged himself to obey 
Kelley 's oiders and not allow tiiemselves to bf led into any dis- 
cussion on any subject that might lead to any disturbance. If 
there was any effort to force thosi- illegal votes upon the judges of 
election ;uul troul>le followed and a revolver was drawn by any one 
of Die Disuaionists, Kelley was then to give the order and every 
"Leaguer" was to select his man and tire. The Disloyalists heard 
of the pi'epar;Uion made for their rece})tion, ronserjuoitly but few 
of them atteiKJed the election. 

' •■ '• ■' ■ By a. II. Brow-x. ' ' ■ "* 

Vinton and Benton county fnrnislied a great nian>' brave 
soldier^^ for the Union side of the ('i\'i1 \var. A few won fame, 
but the large majoi-ity si}nply did thei]- duty, and it was done nobly. 
ui-andly and heroically. Fame iulougs to tlic lucky few. or the 
more clever few. perhaps. 

Just who the ti7'st solider w;is to enlist fj-om Benton county 
1 do not Unow. I have seen it stated that Thomas Drummond was. 
but 1 do n(»t believe su'-h was th.e case. However, he was a con- 
spicumis and daring ofticer and L'ave his life for the Laiion cause, 
and if he was the lirst to urt on the firing line from Benton he is 
entitled to the credit. 

Genei-al dames Oeddes raised thi- first conipaiiy and took it 
into Ih" Eighth Iowa Infantry, and it has the eredit of being the 
best drilled reuinicjit from Iowa.. ("Jeddes was its colonel and to 


hiiu it owes its i;f!ici«:'iicy and drill. AiiJi-ew Geddes was a lieu- 
tenant-colojK-l in tlif reiriDient at the at^e of .sixteen. The Gedde.s 
family \vas< a patriotic one. Besides the two just mentioned, 
Charles was in tlie Sixteenth Iowa and the Eighteenth. 
The youngest s(ni of John Cleddes v.-a.s in the Forty-sixth. By the 
way, Charlfts Geddes lost a sun in the Philippine war. lie was a 
bright young man. lie died on the steamer enroute to Manila and 
was buried in the ocean. This )nuch I learned from a young man 
vv-ho was on the steamer with him. 

One of the most pathetic incidents of the war pertaining to 
VintoJi j)eople was this: .lohn E. Palmer v,as a captain in the 
Second Iowa and ^vas killed in a battle in the east. About the 
same time his sou. Henry N. Palmer, was wounded at Atlanta, 
Georgia. AVlien Henry was ;-oming home and as he got off the 
cars at IMarengo he noticed a Ijox at the depot, and curiosity or 
sympathy led him to look for tlie name cm it. Imagine his horror 
on finding it was his father's name. 

Compan\' G. Tliirteontli Iowa Infantry, recruited in and 
about Vinton. John Shane was it.s first captain, and the late 
Governor Sherman was a sergeant in the company when the "boys" 
were taken t<t Benton barracks at St. Louis. While in this place 
Jas. E. "Vvhit'^ was tran.sferred from the Third Iowa and made a 
sergeant in (Company G. and ^Iv. Sherman was transferred to 
Company E. and ]>romoted to lieulenant. The "boys" were so 
vexed at tins move tliat. had it been possible, they would have re- 
signed and fourid sonie otiier command, but pnvates couldn't 
resig]i. Jas. E. White was one of the most }»opular captains that 
company ever had. He \vas as brave a lad as ever wore the straps. 
He was wonivled at Atlanta July 22. iStii. The Thirteenth lost 
r)2 per cent in tiiat engagement. .Major AYalker was killed there. 

There were tun compe.nies from Vinton in the Twenty-fifth 
Iowa. ] believe Captain Gastnn v/as in one company, and Captain 
Van ]\retie served in the Twenty-fourth. Also Sam and George 
Taggart and L. N. Kirkpatrick weiv ;dl heroes of that regi- 
ment. I dou.lit if there was in the serWce a truer or better soldier 
than Captain IL ^l. Wilson. Ciiptain Chas. E. Putnam was a 
member of Company G and v,a.> (;n General ]\lcPher.son's staff v\-hen 
the beloved commander was killed. Speaking of brave soldiers, 
there were none could lay it over Craig Shields, Will Amburn. Dan 
Correll or Geo. Walker. John Shields was captain of a company 
in the Forly-sixtli Iowa, and Kuirene Dyke was a lieutenant in the 

Vol. 1—16 


comrM-my. Geo. T. BrowTi. now vi'-o presi,lr)]t of the First Xationcil 
Bank at Hastiiifrs. Nebraska, was a iiiein1)or of tlio company. 

^Y. F. Piclcorill was a captain in tlic Fifth Iowa InfaiUiy an<l 
had charge of a Yinton conipany. The Fifth had a. repntatir.n as 
a rcg-iment. I thin]-; A. ]^.sc lieutenant in that com- 
pany, hr.t inn noi snvc City Marslml Y\\ li. Wood a lieuten- 
ant in the Eighteenth Iowa Infantry and was as popnhir there as lie 
is as guardian of the peace of Yinton. ]Mayor :\Iarion Evans vcrved 
in tlie Twcnty-eiglith and contributed a le:r to his country. His 
brother Frank was in the Third Iowa InfantT-y. They had fine 
records as soldiers. Jacob Ilnnt was a captain in the Fortieth 
Iowa. Oscar Keiidall. one of the finest young men in Yinton. was 
killed at Corinth, :\ Ed. Jones was one of the very first Vinton 
boys to go to the front. ]le was a son of Ru.ssell Jones, went froiii 
Iowa College and was killed in battle. 

Company G. F X. G. 

The military spirit ariMecd by the Civil war refused to die and 
reajvpearcd in the form of Company G. lown Xational Guard. v>-hich 
was organized as a unit of tli.e .state militia September 7. iSTl. wnth 
C. Y. ]\rount. captain; J. P. ^latthews, first licutcjiant. and Charles 
E. Inman. second lieutenanl. 

The company appeared a.t the county fair (me mouth af!er its 
organizati(ui and ])a7'ticip;'tcd in a sham bairle. On ]\Iay oO. ]S72. 
it a.ssisted in Decoration Day exercises at Cedar Rapids. In 1874 
it performed the same services at the .same place. On Decoration 
Day. 1S7:!. tlie compjiuy assisfed in the e.x'ei'cises at Vinton. This 
company acted as guards at the slau- fai)' at Cedar Rapids in 1S72. 
and again in 187.'->. Tlio company was for years considc-red the 
best drilled c(iiu])any in {he state and won the first prize at Burling- 
ton in 1870 an<l 187o. and at Independence in 1877. After the 
promotion of Captain ]Mounl. J. F. ^Matthews became captain, with 
AY. S. Palmer as first lieut*'jiant and E. .]. San(hn\s as second 

The man who. above rdl others, was resjujusible for the 
attained by this i om])an.\- was Charles Y. ^Tount. its first captain. 
Tie received a numlier of ])romotious and finally became ma.ior 
i,'cneral, commandimr all the militia of llie stnte. Genera] "^^ount 
afterwards removed to Shcuandoah. PaLie county, where he became 
captain of the first compaiiy un(h'r the reor-iranization of the state 


iiiilitiii into llu- National (Juard. and subM^ciiiciitly Ijee-ame colonel 
of the old Third 'ni>\\' FiftA-firth ^ rr>;-iinent. 

Captain .Marthrws loimnaiidt'd tli!.' (-('nipjaix niilil liis removal 
to Sioux City in 1>9G; Janus (}. lialston .sn(.'(.-eeded him as eaptain 
and was llu- head of Companx' < r until Fi^bruary. 1S98, wlien James 
F. Traer was eh\-ted eaptain. ("harlr.s F. Yount;' thereupon wa.s 
]">romoted to he first lieutenant. 

From thc' urbanization of the i-i)iii])auy until the 
i'-an war the fullowintr camps wcit att<'ndeil: LSsS, Cedar Rapids; 
1889. Vinton: F^liO. Cedar; IS'Jl, Twiterhx) ; 1S92 there was 
no reofular ('ani[i. thi^ inni])any atiendiriii- a three days' eeleV)ration 
on July 4 at Cliutoii. and in tla fall atteiuh-d the dedication of the 
Y\"urld "s Fair at Chii-auo for five days: ]80:i, no camp was held, 
but the company dia'lh'd for three days about Viiiton; 1894', IMonti- 
cello; 1805, AYavcrly: ]S96. Indeiieiidcrice ; 1^97, AYaterloo. 

Spani.-=ii-A:\!i:kican "War. 

As Captain Ti-acr faih-d to p;t-.s tiie r'cijuii-ed physical exami- 
nation for active service in the Sj^iuiish-American war. Ijieutenant 
^'i»ung .su<-ceeded him. with <iu.v Kclloi^i: as firK-;t lieutenant and 
Herl-.ert E. Crawford as sccoiid lieutenant. The following were 
the non-eonnnissi.ined officers: (Jcoruc AY. Sanders, first sergeant; 
James E. Y»'hip])]e. quartermaster s'-rueant: Holland 'M. Seott. YVm. 
]"). Scott. A. Mauric-e 'J'homp.-Dn and Sherman E. Robinson, duty 
sergeants: corporals. Edwai'd ('aii'ick. Edv>atd J. Smock. Y;"m. E. 
Bickel, Ernest A. Dand, Timothy E. ^IcDonald and Jay Forrester. 
On account of ]U'omotions. deaths and discharges. C;irrick and 
Bickel became scrgeaiils arid (*tl:er corporals appoijited at ditrerint 
times were Edward M. Eweu. Cliarlcs D. Sheckler. IsWlo P. Kelley. 
David A. Lane. Frank ^y^.o'^. RoIkti Cihdiri.t. VVilliam H. Ball. 
Elmo K. Allen. Tloy -1. Campbell. Clytie Tl. DeAcres, George ^L 

Tho following is an aci-.nmt r,f tin- ]^art taken by the company 
in tlic Spanish-American wai' cjuiiiKiiuns. as wtdl as its subse([uent 
record as a company of the Oliio (luard. tln^ article being 
j)i'epared by Captain .1. E. AVhipiih': 

"The reuiment left Camp .Abdvinlec .liuie lltli and an'ived at 
Camp Cuba Libre, .lai-k'sonvilh . Florida, on the 14th. The regi- 
ment was here foui- months and a halt". It was duriiig this time 
that tlie coinpan\' suiVcred from tyi)h<ed fcvei-. Tliis fever ra.ged 


fiercely for two months, during v.-]iich time *Ij)eiitenant Kellogg-. 
Wm. K. Speers, Clarenre Dearinin. Emil C. Frahni and Harry W. 
Kerlin died. The company oriL'inally consisted ci IOC men. At 
times diirinpr the sickness not more than twenty-five were able for 
duty. On Octol)er 2Gtli the reiiimcnt r-Kjced to Savannah. Georgia. 
By tliis time the fever had abate<l. Wc remained at Savjinnah 
until December IHth, when we embarked foi- Havana. Cuba, and on 
the 2;:id went into camp nine miles from that city. 

''The experiences of the cojapany during the nearly four 
montli!^ spent in Cuba were full of uuuMial incidents, some pleas:Hp.t. 
some unpleasant. Ivan Shotwell died on the 9th day of January. 
1899. and his body was buried near the camp. ^love than a year 
after\\ards the body was taken up and sent to Vinton, where it v.-h> 
again buried. On the 9th of Ap)-il the company left Havana for 
the states, and arriving at the month of tlie Savannah river, vras 
held on an island five days in quaraidine. On the 16th we went to 
Savannah and remained there until IMay l::5th. when we were dis- 
charged and proceeded at once for home, where we arrived on the 
IGth, and were the pleased recipienis of a grand reception. 

"During the thirteen months of its absence the company made 
a fine record. It was not the fortune of its membere to engage in 
battle. Imt it underwent all tlie otlier miplcasant incidents usually 
experienced by a military command in war. On account of the 
death of Lieutenant Kellogg, Lieutenant Crawfoi"d was appointed 
first lieutenant and Sergeant George W. Sanders was appointed 
second lieutenant. H. ^I. Seott then became first sergeant. 

"On September 21, 1S99, the company was reorganized into 
the national guard. The officers v.ere : Captain. J. L. 
AVhi'ppIe; first lieutenant. Kdvvard Caiiick; second lieuten-aut. T*r. 
H. Ball. Lientenant Carrick resigned the followiue June and was 
succeeded by Lieutenant Ball, who Avas su'-ceeded by G, AV. Sanders. 
P.all resigned a few months later and was su'ceeded al;out a year 
later by John K. Hull. Lieutenant Hull resigned in December. 
1902. . Lieutenant Sanders was elected first lieutenant and Clyde 
DeAcres second lieutenarit. A short time afterwaid^ Lieutenant 
Sanders was appointed battalion adjutant and DeAcres was pro- 
moted to first lieutenant and Holh.nd M. Scott was elected second 

' . >t . 

•nieutoriaiit Gnv KpUo^j: was oup of tht- most popuhnr nnd worthy yojriK: 
imni whu f.vr lived "in Vinton. :uid on .VuLML'^r CC,. isos. the ,iinlit..ri!!rn of tbe Pre<- 
livtcriai) i-lnir.-li wa^ tlic sf-ene «>f a nvmoriMi niot'i in;,' in his lionor. as De-t- ;: 
(■oii!!tv"s first viftim of tlie war. Prior to croiii^ to the frt>iit he had bPt>ri «Ta- 
tiont'ii ai Wntorloo u.- .-liief rciTiiitintr oilir<-r. Ilo vas married to .Miss Co.ra 
Wliipi'lo. dauijhter of Hon. William P. AMiipi'le. 


lientenaut. These ycntlenieu iiiid C;ipt;iiii Whipple are the present 
eomiiiissioned offieers. 

•'In Oetober, 1902, tlie number of the rei^'iincnt was changed 
from tlie Forty-ninth to the Fifty-third, w hieh it still retaius. The 
company has attended the followinL;- (■ain])s: At Cedar liapicl^. 
August, inOG; Dubuque. July. 1901; Cedar Falls, July, 1902; Cedar 
Falls, August, 1903: Des Moines, August. 1904. All eamps in the 
future will be held at Fort Des ]\[oines. as the state has purehased 
KiO aeres of land adjoining the regular aruiy post, five miles .south 
of the rity. Tlie company, together with the eomi)auies from 
Charles City and Ijidependence, attended the fair at St. Louis 
during the later part of September. Of the forty-nine companies 
iji the state, these were the only ones to attend the fair. The 
anuory has recently ])een remodeled and the company now has 
very neat quai'ters. ' ' 

The movement whii-li resulted in Company C 's fine armory 
took definite shape in Deeember. 1S96. wheu a corporation wa.'^ 
formed, primarily for the ])urpose of ov\-ning and maintaining the 
military property of the eompany and. secondaril\-, for social 
purposes. J. G. KaLston was first prt-sident; Charles F. Young, 
treasure!', and J. F. Traer, secretary. 

Spax]Sii-A:.iekic.\n ^VAl^ \'eteraxs. '■. '. 

•The S]tanish-American "\Yar Veterans organizi'd September 8. 
190.">, as the Guy Kellogg Camp Xo. 5. with G. AV. Sanders as 
comnmnder and George E. Knapp as adjutant. It has a meraber- 
ship of abont twenty- live, and its present officers are.- AT. E. 
Kliui'-mari. connnander: J. K. AVliipph'. a-ijuhuit and II. Al. S-(>iL. 

Receptiox to Caevin P. Titus. ' • w fv 

Calvin l*earl Titus was lioru at \'inJon. Sei)tem!)ei- 29. ISSO. 
and on .July 4. 1901. the ])eople of his native city turned out to'ome and to honor him as une of the heroes of the liO.xer rebel- 
lion in China. .\s jt bugler of the Fourteenth I;nited StatfS 
Infantry he had been the first Ami'rir;m soldier to scale the walls 
of Pekin and to assist in the rescue cJ the imprisoned Christians 
tluu-ein. some of whom \vere rt-aehed too late to eseupe ma>s<iere. 
For that bri-ht day in his Id'e (May 27. 1900) yonni: Titus had 
lieen rewarded with a uif'd.d and a cadtiship in flic I'egiilnr aruiv. 


and had rp<civ(.'d marks of especial lionor at the iiatioual capital. 

^\r. Titus had sjn-iit jdiout half his life in Vinton, and the 
ba!aiii-e ;;• Wiihila. Jvaiisas. lie was a n;!tai'al inii.-ifian and, as 
siicli. was identitiiHl with ('i)nij)any 0. Soon after leavinc: school 
he becjttne eoiineded ^^it)i Evan^uelical woik m Vei'niout, and was 
tluis eim;m-ed when ihi- pr-esident eal!i-(] foi- troi.)[)s to sei'Ve in tli'" 
Spanisli-Aitierii-nn war. Enlisting- m the First Vermont Regi- 
ment, lie areoinpanied the enmmaiid to ('hickamautra. but was 
striekeji with fever a)id obliued to return to his home in "Wiehit-a. 
Ill April. 3899, he r.'-enlivled in the Fourteenth United States 
Infantry, served in tlie Philippines u]iti! July, and, on the (mt- 
break of ih.' Boxer j-ebellion. was oi'dered to Chiua. The raareh 
to Pekin. of one hundi'ed milts, wa.s attenthnl by luu'dships and 
privations, and wh*-n the tiist cumjiariy of the Fourtet-nth Reui- 
ment approarhed tlie v\-all, whii-h they knew not how they were to Si'::le, Mr. Titus offered to try. and, as stated ^Vcts the 
lirst foreigner to scale it, there plantii.Kj the Stars and Stripes. 
Shortly afterv>-ard he was sliohtly v.ounded. At the ch)se of 
the Boxer war the re,i:rimcnt was sent home, and A'inton sent an 
invitation to liuiz'lor Titus to visit the city, at which time they 
took the opjiortunity of iriviny him a I'oyal reeeptioii, with Com- 
pany G. Forty-ninth Ii^wa Infantry, as a guard of honor. He was 
weleomH.d to his old home a.s befitted a valiant hero, and the day was 
made notable liy tile speeches of gifted oi-ators and the large as- 
semldage gathered to liono: the city's guest. 

Soon after returning t<» liis i-egiment Bugler Titus was notified 
of his appointment by Pr''>!dent McFinley to West Point, as a 
rr^ward of Ids bravery ;U I'ekin. and he graduated fi'om that insti- 
tution \vith honor^ in lOi.'.'). lie was Tlien apyiointed lieuten;int in 
his old I'egiment, Inn in 19tS resigned ami re-entered i-eligious 
v.ork, \vhic|i he eontinu.ed abmit one >eai'. Hovcever. he dcided 
he conld b,- more nsefid in the army, hidriL;' >(> familiar with its 
customs, and oi'ders were issned revoking hi.s resignation. He re- 
ceived, in 1909. the a]>pointment as chaplain in the army, and all 
who kne)w him feel a^snraiice he will sei-\-e with distinction to 
himself ami iionor to hi^ conntr.w As his people have moved 
from Vinton, he is seld"m a visitor to the city, Imt will always 
receive a warm ^vel^•ome from his f()rmer friends and associates. 

Yktkran-^ As?(')Ci.\tion: and G. A. R. 

Till' P.enton Count v Veterans' As.sociation was organized in 


1S7S. its thirty-first annual reunion bt^nir held al Vinton, August 
f) cind G, 11)00. 'J'he membership of 340 complices all those who 
were honorjibly (lisclmryed i'roni ri\il \\cii' service and is; drawn 
from all parts of the union. 

Sinee the thirtieth reunion tt)e foiiowinir eou trade vetei'uus 
have dit'd: A. Ca.s.selberi-y, Co. F, 51st Pennsylvania Infantry; 

F. E. MeCurdy, Co. G, 8th ^Missouri lufanlry ; A. 0. Adams, Co. A, 
95th Illinois Infantry; E. :\r. Evans. Co. I), 28th Jowa l7if antry ; 
Robert Houlihan, Co. G, 5th lowti Infcintry; 1). P. ^larshall, Co. 
1), Sth Iowa Infantry; AYm. MeDitfi:", Co. I), 26th Iowa Infantry; 
J. P. Johnson, Co. A. 37th Iowa Infantry; J. C. Hannah, Co. I, 
132d Ohio Infanti-y; J. T. Hrill. Co. B, 64th Illinois Infantry; 
Autrust ]\lehan. Co. G. 2d Iowa Infantry ; J. A. ]\Ie Garland, Co. II, 
15th Iowa Infantry. 

The olTieers of the association serving in the fall of 1909 were 
as follows: 

A.ssoci.\.T]OX Officers — John Gilmore, president, Vinton ; H. 
II. ]\k'Elroy, vice president. Vinton ; S. R. Ferrce. second vice pres- 
ident. Belle Plaine; J. Ij. Bigley, third vice ])resident, Shellsburg; 

G. D. Sehofield, fourth vice i)resideitt. Urbana; A. M. liowe, sec- 
retary, Vinton; J. A. Butterfiekl quartermaster, Vinton; George 
Barr, paymaster, A'inton. 

Regimental Officers— J. V^^ Thompson, colonel, Belle Plaine ; 
Wni. Elson. lieutenant colonel, Shellsburg: A. B. Cramer, ma.jor. 
Urbana; ^I. V. Foote. adjutant. Belle Plaine; Rev. D. :\[arkham, 
chaplain. Vinton; C. C. Griffin, Sr.. surgeon, Vinton. 

Living Civie AV.xk Veterans. 

According to an Iowa census bn.liftin issu'^d in 1905. 330 Civil 
war velerans still live.1 in Benton (-eurity, of whom 2G4 were con- 
nected with tlie infiintry and 57 with tlie cavaliy. Divided by 
states, 52 had smved in Iowa regiment^s, 49 with Illinois, 29 with 
Ohio, 16 with Indiana and 9 with AVisconsiu. Of this number 
nine in Benton county were then (1905) over eiiihty years of age. 
hfty-tbree between seventy and eighty and more than two hundred 
between sixty and seventy. 

An examination of the membership of the Benton CouiUn' 
Veterans Association substiuitially verilies these statistics, although 
as stated, th»^ niemberslii]> in 1901) was more than 340. 

The following indicates the last revised rosier l)y companies 


and lociilities, with tiio command in which each soldier served in 
the war of tlic Kchellion. 

Company A, R<>lh' Plaiiie :- -Isaac TIakoman, captain; Stephen 
^Falcolni, lifutcoaiit : S. A. Ci'awford, orderly. Otlier members: 
\V. S. Arms1!■o!l,-.^ .M, 2:' Penii. Cav. ; AVm. Aiilrim. K, I. Til. Art.; 
M. J. Athey. II, 2:^ Mo. Xo].; Tho.s. Brand. D, 10 Wis.; L. Butter- 
field. G. 74 111. Inf.; S. A. Crawford, E. 4 la. Inf.; S. M. Cook, C, 
■27 la. Inf.: K. M. Ealy. 11. 12 Tcnn. Inf.; Lyman Eddy, C, 93 'ill'. 
Inf.; S. H. Fcrcc. A. 12 la. Inf.; :\!. V. Foote, B, If] 0. Inf.; Jno. 
T. Feeney, 74 III. Inf.: A. R. Ca,2:haoen. E, 1::!4 111. Inf.; T. F. 
Greeidee. G. 8 la. Inf.; J. D. Harhert. B, 22 la. Inf.; ^1". Hartwell. 
IT. 20 la. Inf. : J. P. Henry. C, 10 la. Inf.; F. L. ITodges. C. 48 T/is. 
Inf.;Gco. AV. Hall. 1 0. Bat.; C. J. Hoover, K. 13 Ind. Inf.; F. J. 
Hammond. B, 2 la. Cav.; A. W. Hathaway, B. 9 Ft. Inf.; Isaac 
Hakeman. C. 24 la. Inf.; C. E. Kuel])er. 2 la. Inf; E. :\r. Kolb. F 
38 Wis. Inf. ; Frank Kcrner. (\ 4 Penn. Inf. ; L. N. Ivirkpatrick, A, 
28 la. Inf. ; S. C. Leavell. B. 8 0. Cav. ; M. B. I;esfer, A. 124 111. Inf. \ 
G. G. :\Iilvci-.^1rad. 1 Xrli. ; J. C. Mattox, C, 7 la. Inf.; Jno. :\Tont- 
g-omery. B. 28 1;.. Inf.; James ]\,lcTvee, F, 51 Ky. Inf.; Ed. Mehan, 
5 N. Y. Bt. Ai-1.;T. Iv Marshall, E, 60 Colored; W. S. Masker, e! 
31 la. Inf.; C. II. Norton. II. 13 la. Inf.; M. B. Prentiss, Band 41 
0. Inf.; M. L. Pi'entiss. A, loO 0. Inf.; P. W. Pitt. lid. Artificer, 
5 la. Lt. Art. ; Thom])son Rose, E. 88 0. Re<r. ; G. B. Sipp. B. 65 TIL 
Inf.: Nathan Sqnires. G. 52 111. Inf.; B. F. Sluirtlefi-, F. 139 111. 
Inf.; Shnrtlefr. B. F., A. 151 III Inf.; George Stone, A. 23 X. Y. 
Cav.; John Swope. L. 2. la. Cav. ; J. W. Thompson, D, 28 la. Inf.; 
AY. A. Yin.-c]ir, A. 152 N. Y. Inf.; Clii-is. AYent.v. D, 36 111. Inf.; 
Jo:.hna Worley. As^t. Snr.. 12(1 O. Inf.; G. D. Walton. B. 28 la. 
Inf.: Wilroxcn. G-^o., 1). i\2 III. Inf.; S. P. Yan Dyke, D. 28 Ta. 

Compan>' B. Yinton: — J. R. Wallace, captain; B. Stevenson, 
licntenant : Wm. Graham, oi'derly. Other members: J. A.Icoim, 
E. 1] Penn.:W. Byxbv. D, 23 N. Y. Inf. A. 166 0. Inf.; R. E. Rowe, 
D. 28 la. Inf.; Wn,. P.ordvv-ell, C. 26 Mo. Inf.: II. J. Bro\ra. G. 12 
la. Yol. Inf.: Wm. M. Brown, I. 10 Tnd. Yol. Inf.; J. W. Barr. F. 
45 111. Inf.: AVm. H. Bowen. A. 28 Ta. Yol. Bif. ; E. Bedel. K. 56 
Peim. Inf.: AYm. Binu'amen. E. 84 Penn. Yol. Inf.; J. A. Bntter- 
tield. F. 1 N. Y. Dir.e.: G. II. Barr. B. 93 111. Inf.; Frank Bender, 
C. 46 Penn. Inf.: Y'. II. Bell. B, 17 Ind. Inf.; J. W. Barker, C. 4 
Ta. Inf.; J. II. Boydcn. A, 28 T;.. T]if. ; C. D. Barker, L. 13 U. S. 


Reg.; W. II. Brown, I), 'IS la. Inf.; J. Ji. Brudy, C, 47 Li. Inf. A. 
Batehekler, A. 16 la. Inf.; II. S. Bower.s. C, 80 0. Inf.; F. D. Clt-m- 
i.ions. II. n la. Inf.; E. II. Colroid. K. 11:^ III. Inf.; Janie.s R. 
Chambers, 12, 0. Vol. Inf.; A. Campbell. (I. ."> la. Inf.; S. M. Camp- 
bell G. :> la. Inf.; .1. ^V. Cook. 12 la. (Jav. ; Ceo. K. Covert. F, 7 
lv,d. Ijif. ; (r. Vi. Conklin. I), 4G 0. Inf.; .James Carrii-k, C. S;:l 111. 
Inf. ; H. Crawford, D. ;iS 0. Vol. Inf. ;E. G. Chase, D, 01 N. Y. Bat. ; 
D. Cantonwine, G, 5 la. Inf.; N. R. DcLony:, E, 3S ]a. Inf.; Wm. A. 
Engledow. A, 31 la. Inf.; S. :\r.. Edniond.s, 1). ]8 IVnn. Cav. ; J. A. 
Elliott. E, 114 N. Y. Inf.; Joseph Fislun-. I. 70 Ind. Inf.; A. B. 
Forrester. E, 8 111. Inf.; Win. Graham. 30 Hi. Inf.; J. A. Griffith, B, 
44 Ind. Inf.; E. Goodwin. 1). 23 la. Vol..; Samuel Grov,-, I. 64 0. 
Inf.; C. C. Griffni. F, 171, 0. Inf.: I. :M. Gain. G. 1] 0. Inf.: E. C. 
George. 12 N. Y. Cav.: .]'Am Gilmore. I, 107 0. Vol.; Wm.' Graham, 
G, 5 la. Inf.; G. V\^ Geater, D. 8 la.; G. M., E, 3 Ind. 
Cav. ; J. W. Hughey, 11, 13 IT. S. Inf. ; II. JIayward, D. 28 la. Vol.; 
Ja'-ob Kite. D, 28 la. Ird:. ; Wm. Ilendei-son. U, 30 AA^is. Inf.: 
Richard Hodge. C. 124 111. Inf.: Geo. AV. Tladh-y. C. 41 Wis. Inf.; 
C. 0. Harrington. E, 4 la. Cav.: Orman ilnui, G, ln2 111. Inf.; AV. 
L. Jones, A, 123 Ind. Inf.; Geo. AV. Jones. C, 47 la. Inf.; J. R. 
Jones, L, 2 AV. A^a. Cav.; U. A. Jones, D. 2i) la. Inf.; Jam.-s John- 
.son, G. 5 la. ; James Keiniedy, F. 81 0. Inf. ; AVm. Knnth. D, 57 111. 
Inf.; H. II. Kelty. 6. 0. Bat.: S. D. Kelty, K. 125 0.; J. King. C. 

4 Ind. Cav.; S. II. Lnles. I, 1 Neb. Cav.; AVm. M. Long. E. 140 Hi. 
Inf.: J. R. :\lit<-hell. I). 28 la. Inf.: II. II. AIcEhoy, G. 13 la. Inf.; 
AVm. Maynard. II 13 L'. S. Reg.; A. J. Myers. G. 151 Ind. Inf.: D. 
T. AIcGuire, G. 7 la. Cav.; S. H. Met.-alf, I). 8 Inf.; I. Mitch- 
ell. II, 108 0. Vol. Inf.: 1). ^larkham. C. 18 Mass. Inf.; L. Meski- 
men.s, G. 5 la. Inf.: S. C. Oppelt, D. 28. la. Inf.: d. R. Patton. I. 9 
111. Cav. : AV. H. Pitts. II. 7 la. Vo]. C'av. ;.\V. L. Parmeter, A. 28 Ta. 
Inf.: John M. Randall. II. la. Cav.; C C. Hibblr. I. 28 la. Inf.; 
I. S. Rozell, A. 28 la. Inf. : A. .M. Rowe. F. 2 N. Y. Cav.: Austin A. 
SL-ott. M. 2 la. Cav.; .]. AV. Smo.-k, F. 10 Ind. Inf.; James Sawyer. 

F. 22 AMs. Inf.; A. M. Stanger, A. 22 Penn. Cav.; Geo. A. Schoon- 
over. II. 13 la. Inf.: d. 0. Schor.nover, G. 13 la. Inf.; AV. N. Stiek- 
ney. C, 2 N. Y. Cav.: B. M. Stevenson. L. 1 AVis. Art.: L. E. Shntt-,. 

G. 13 la. Inf.; Arad Thompson. K. 20 Ab-. Inf.; J. L. Tinkham. D. 

5 la. Inf.; I). S. Tocms. (;. 13 la. Inf.; AV. -I. Tavlor. K. 8 la. Cav.; 
J. S. Thompson. K. 44 Ind. Inf.: AV. 11. AVocd. I). 8 la. Inf.: II. 18 
la. Inf. C. la. Cav.: Jaiiu-s R. AValtaci-. (;. 13 la. Bif. ; Harvey Al. 
Wilson. G. 13 la. Inf.; Isaa,- AVri-ht. G. 0.; 111. Inf.; Sol. AVhite. I. 


8 111. Cav.; S. Dan Weaut-. 13, 4 .Mi.-h. Vol. Inf.; T. B. Wallv; 1. 1:] 
la. Inf.; Geo. Weddle, C. 13 Penn. Cav. 

Company, C, noi-th of Cedar j-ivei-: — S. A. Sa\vyer. captain; 
I). X. Lane, licufenaiit ; rJ. G. ^Yal■l■in(•^. order! \-. 

Yiijton:— R. M. Delfield. I). 10 X. Y. Cav.; C. Knapp. C, 8 la.; 
J. M. Kilpatrirk. A. 28 la. Inf.; 1). Tague. H. 5 Ind. Cav.; J. 0. 
Warriner, D. 8 la. inf.; Jolm C. Dine, A, 28 la. Inf.; J. Bain, C, 5 
la. Inf.; B. B. Brov.n. B. 3 la. Inf.; Daniel Carnion, II, 7 la. Cav.; 
]j. nines, D, 8 la.; W .E. Ilines. 1), 6 la.; ]\1. ^Monlgomery, I, 5 la.; 
Cbas. Smilli, B, 53 0. Inf. 

Erbana: John Brysou. B. 20 la. Inf.; J. C. Black, A. 6 la. ItiE 
John Burk, E. -10 la. Inf. : A. B. Cramer, 11. 1 Ky. ; G. Friuk. C, 27 
la. InE; J. T. Heath. D, 8 la.; AYalt Jameson. 1, 77 X. Y. ; John, I. 83 Ind. hiE ; D. N. Eane. D. 40 X\ Y. En-;.; A. P. :\los.s- 
man, D. 8 la. Inf.; G. D. Schofield. 1 X. Y, Art.; S. A. Sawyer, I). 
41 0.; Jacob Snell, A, fi5 Til. Inf.; AY. IE Vandeventer. 1, 31 la. 

Company D: — E. A. CJraves. captain: Riley Barkhni'.st, lieu- 
tenant ; E. X. Metcalf. orderly. 

Vinton: O. F. Efrglcslon, 19. la. InE 

Garrison: G. X. Barnhart, Jl, 18 la.; G. TY. Diekerson, I. 5 
N. Y^; J. C. Fintle. G, 20 la. InE; E. A. Graves. C, 1 Xeb. Cav.; 
AYm. Gorden. F, 7 Ind. Inf.; IE C. Henkle, I), 28 Ta. Inf.; Geo. 
Johnson. F, 22 Penn. Inf.; J. M. Kline, G. 3 :\lo. Cav.; A. McCam- 
mant, F. 3 AYis. ; A. B. Merchant. G. 6 la. Inf.; A. Merchant, TJ, 2 
la. Cav.; E. X. ^letcalf, D. 8 la. InE; Wni. M. Osier, G, 156 111.: 
'i'lionias Pavey. C. 47 la.: A. Robcnso'i, K. 40 la. Inf.; AY. IE 
Brislol, 7 la. Cav.: A. T. ShaAv. D. 45 0. InE; IE IE Shatter. G, 32 
Wis. Inf.: A. W. Shatl'er, H, 2 O. Cav.; H. St. Clair, D, 18 Penu. 
Cav.; M. S. Utley, G. J3 la. Inf.; (E D. Peg- 1, 8 la. Cav. 

Company E. Shrll.-,lmrg : — E E. P>iLrley, caplain; AYni. Hat- 
field, lient'^nant: 0. B. Barton, orderly. Other members: 0. B. 
Barton, D, 28. la. InE: AVm. C Ben.son, I. 90 0. Inf.; I. S. Bole.s, 
C. 47 la. Inf.; A. .M. Parry, A. 9 Ta. InE: Jacob Sniinke, G, 34 X. 
Y. Inf.; M Blauvett, F. 132 la. Inf.: A. G. Barnell. 1. 20 la. Inf.: 
J. E. Bigley. I). ^; la. InE ; W. C. EEon. II. 20 la. Inf. ; M. S. Heath. 
A, 28 la. Inf.; AY. AY. Hatfield, 0. 5 la. InE: .hums Lalme. A, 28 
la. Inf.; Geo. Eii,-htf<.ot. E. 7 Ind. Inf.: Ah-x. Landiam, 1, 16 O. 
Vol. Inf.; Etlv.-in .Aluriay. F. 18 0. lid'.: G. S. Smith, D. 28 0. InE; 


Joseph Owens. 35 la. Inf.; ]\[. S. Pratt. G, 5 la. Inf.; Nelson Puiin- 
b.\ C. 2 la. Cav. ; Win. Strawn. B, 9 la. Cav. ; S. I. Spiekler. K. 102 
lit. Inf.; Win. K. Sotlen, L, 5') N. Y. Eng. : Scott. D. 15 la. Inf.: 
r^Iiles Strawn. B, 9 la. Cav.; A. L. AVeatlierwax. K. 8 la. Cay. ; 
Benjamin White. E. 135 Penn. Jnf. 

Palo: Biiire .Aluiray. 0. 4i; 0. Vol. Cav.; -1. S. Tayha\ C, 20 
Ind. Inf.; J. C. Wood, C. 20 la. Inf. 

Atkin.s: Wni. Blue, Penn. Bat. ; Jaeob.s Nell, E. 152 N. Y. Inf. : 
Adam Primrose, 1, 20 la.; Jolni Stron*,', K, 11; Stephen Sabin. F, 
108 N. Y. 

Company F: — M. ISl. ^leElroy, captain; r,evi Sandenson, lieu- 
tenant: II. F. Crie.sking, orderly. 

Blainstown : AY. II. Cran.lall. 1. 5 la. Cav.; Geo. Ditto, I. G la. 
Inf.: R. Ferman, D, 112 111. Inf.: Geo. Goss. E. 6 Pa. Cav.; H. F. 
Gieokinj^. L. 12 Pa. Cav.; C. C. Ilaydon. G, 153 111. Inf.; A. L. 
Hayden. D. 112 111. Inf. ; J. T. IPiLstead. C. 3 AFd. Inf. ; J. 11. Kimm, 
G. 31 N. Y. Inf.: John Lyon.s. II. 5 N. Y. Inf.; P. 11. Lynch, E. 37 
Wi.s. Inf.: 11. Afiner. K, 40 la. Ld".; C. B. Alerriman. K, 112 111. 
Inf.; C. Riesser. G. 9 N. Y. Inf.; S. Riehart, 1, 3 Ind. Cav.: Levi 
Sanderson, I, 22 N. J. Inf.: Cbas. B. Thoj-p. E. 3 IlL Cav.: S. 
Vaughlin. B. 6 la. Inf.; J. R Wood. K. 40 la. Inf.; W. II. Wood, 
K. 40 la. Inf.; II. Watkinson, A. 133 0. Inf. 

Luzerne: F. AL Cashma.n, G. 24 Ky. Inf.; A. II. Little, G, 28 
la. Inf. 

Van llornp; H. B. Burns. C, 11 0. Vol. Inf.; Fred Chris-t. E. 
r; O. Vol. Cav.; AY. Enolekinu'. B, 34 la. Inf.; Geo. Kraft, A, 79 Pa. 
Inf. ; James lliekey. D. fi la. Cav. ; Frai\k OT'onnell. B, 34 111. Fnf. ; 
Spencer Sndlh. A. S la. Inf.; G. L. AYittie. D, :M 111. Inf. 

Company G:--J. W. R'idi. captain; A. B. Scarls. fir.^i lie\i- 
tenant; John P)rann()n, st-coiiil lieutenanT; .1. I\. Christie, ord(n-ly. 

La Porte: AY. 11. Pell, C. 93 111. Inf.; I. Boombaur. I. 3 la. 
Inf.; B. E. Eberharl. E. 12 la. Inf.; N. R. Kennedy. K. 13 Lul. 
Inf. : II. D. Kabler. II. 45 111. Inf. ; R. J. Pray. (i. 13 la. Inf. ; J. B. 
Ro.s/.ell, A. 26 la. Inf.; A. Srott. A. P5 la. Inf.: S. W. Schaibh*. E. 
12ri 111.; R. J. Gille.-^pi-. F. !is O. Inf.: 3. Ai. BiilKock. A, 46 111. 

Dysart: S. 3. K.-rr. D. 1 11!. Inf.: Shrader, E. 2 la. 

Alarion: AV. G. Thomi-son, H. 20 la. Inf.; J. R. Christie, K. 
40 la. Inf.: 3. T. (happen. I. 17 N. Y. Inf. 


Traer: J. B. Dennis, B, 1S4 0. Inf.; Isaac Skinner, I. 4 :\Iieh. 

AVatkins: S. T. Si^oin. F, 108 X. Y. Inf.; P. Fowler, II, 22 la. 
Inf.; AVn.. Delaney. E, 24 Li. Inf. 

Cedar Rapids: C. L\ Myers. G, 2S la. Inf. ; J. F. Skea. 

]\rar.shall: D. ,A]. Fuller, (J, 2 F. S. Inf.; AVni. Putnam, D, 3 
la. Inf.; J. II. Ga.skins, C, ^2 111. Inf.; Wm. Betz, I, 13 la. Inf. 

Walker: F. Kcitennan, B, 4 la. Inf. 

Maryville, Mo. : F. M. P.ranihall, C, 92 111. Mtd. Inf. 

Marengo: M. McElroy, K, 40 la. Inf. 

Garwin : X. P. Steven.son. C, 10 la. Inf. 

Tama: W. IL Stoddard, C, 10 la. Inf. 

Toledo: A. A. Jones. P>, G5 III. Inf. 

Victor: J. X. Smith. G. 55 111. Cav. 

Covington: John Eallis. K. 20 la. Inf.; A. Ilisler, E, 92 111. 
Cav.: .1. K. Sntton. 7 X. Y. Cav.; F. X. Bi-yan. A, 122 111. Inf. 

Cojnjiany II: — C. B. llayward, captain; Wm. St. Clair, lieu- 
tenajit ; V\'m. Arjiburn. orderly. 

Mt. Auhuru: J. Ayers, F, 100 111. Inf.; Wm. Amburn, G, 13 
la. Inf.; A. Bagley, B, r2 111. Inf.; AY. W. Buck, G. 13 la. Inf.; 
Daniel Brownlee, K. 24 111. Inf.; A. Cowley. K, 9 la. Vol. Inf.; J. 
W. Donley, A, 189 0. Inf.; J. C. Ko^tpr. G. 7 Ind. Inf.; T. Mc- 
Laughlin, G. 5 la. Inf.; 11. St Clair, Jr., A. 28 la. Inf.; Wm. St. 
Clair. D. 28 la. Inf. ; John Tripp, II. 105 111. Inf.; Jatnes M. Tripp. 
10 111. Cav. ; Geo. II. Walker, G, 13 la. Inf. ; Joppa Jenk.s. D. 28 la. 

('o!!i!>an\- I: — S. T. Salnii. cajttain : Wm. Delau'-y, lieutenant; 
J. P. Johnso]!, orderly. 

Xorway; Thomas Biiehanan, 45 la. Inf.; Andfrw Conley. A. 
15 la. Inf.; Wm. Dclaney. E, 24 la. Inf.; P. Z. Fowler. II. 22 la. 
Inf.: Hugh Humphrey, D. 44 la. Inf. 

Company K: — P. R. Ilanfor-d, captain; 0. Inmau. lieutenant; 
J. Iv Catlin. orderly. 

Vinton: Elias B.-chtel, B. 247 111.; A. T. Edwards. D. 6 0. 
Cav.: R. R. Ilanford. (I 13 la. Inf.; O. Innian. A, 28 la. Inf.: Wm. 
Stautfer; H. ^l. Wilson, I). 28 la. Inf. 

Xewhall: E. V. Benedict. 27. 111. Inf.; W. B. Ru.s.sel, B. 121 
111. Inf. 

Veterans of the Civil war, as well as the Spanish-American 



wiir. are waitiiiy with iiuieh interest the rorthcomiDy work of the 
Soldiers' Koster Board from the adjutant general's department of 
t!ie state. 'i'lie work is in active eliarge of George AV. Ci'osley. 
seeretary of the board, and lie states that it will not probably leave 
the hands of the binders befoi-e April. 11)1]. It will consist of 
eight large volumes of over 1,200 pa'jes eaeti and embraces a com- 
plete history of eaeli Iowa, military organizaticm from the time of 
the admission of the .state into the Union, down to the close of 
hostilities in the Philliinne Lslands. It will be a complete mili- 
tary history of the state, slicwiug the active operations of Iowa 
soldiei's in the eai'ly Indian wars, the ?*lexican war, the war of the 
Rebellion, the Spanish-American war and the operations in the 
I'hillipine Islands, with a })crsonal record of every Iowa soldier 
opposite his name in the revised roster of the military organization 
to whieh he belonged or belongs. 

' • ViKTOK'y G. A. R. l^osT. 

y. ^I. Coder Post. G. A. R.. of \'iuton, was organized Septeni- 
b(.'r 28, 18S2, with the following eharter membiTs: II. IT. Edd.w 
D. y.l. Colwell. U. T. :\rorris. J. L. Tinkham, Jacob Iloxey. A. 0. 
Adams. E. H. Coleord. G. II. Gordou. J. P. ^latthews, L. S. Keagle, 
U. Meredith. L. II. Starks, C. 0. Harrington, Harper S.-ott. Isaac 
Pease, E. D. Stedman, George E. Shaw. S. E. Conner, C. R. AVil- 
kinson. S. D. Redfield, D. I. Connett, R. II. Quinn and John TV. 
Barr. The post now numbers 110 membei-.s and is officered as 
follows: J. M. Fisher, connnander; Asa Forrester. S. V. and AVil- 
liam lU-.xbv, J. Y. 



.MKTiionisM IN l>K.\T(jx Coi'X'i'v — FiKST Mktijodjst CnrKCii. 
ViXTOx — lirihDixG OF 'J UK ("uriccH — Kixi) AVoKDS Fkom ]Mr. 

KXAl'P — Wiiri']-; El.KlUAX'i" SliAl.GDTI'.Kiav — A I^KLOVED ]\rETHODIST 
PlOXEKR TflE Pa>'1'')HAE IiOS'l'EIJ- -SliELLSBrRG .^[E■1•H01)1ST ClTURCII 

First yi. E. (/in i;rK, iiELLE 1"'ealv[: — Bi^airstowx M. E. Chercu 

VaX IIORXE ^lETllODiS'l' Cl 1 1 I.M } I- - ii E\'. TUO-MAS C GOLDEX OtIIER 

]\r. Iv C'lir-RL'iiEs — ^'IX■J•t>x's New Scfiooe PRESBY'rERiAX Church 
— Oed School T*RE>HVTEKLvxs--pREsi;YTERi\x Cni'RCii OF Vextox 
— Rev. Stephex ]^heei's — Uxitj:d I^resbvterevx Church, Vix- 



sox I'resf.vtere\x CnuRCi'f- -A'j'Kfxs I'resbytereax Chl'kch — 

FlRSI llAI'l'IS-i- Cm-RCH. \'lX'r()X-- (tAIvRISOX C^ER^L\X 13aptist 

Church — FxriEi^ P.i;eihrex Socif.ties— Dr. AV. P>. Wagxer— 
First Disciples' ( 'iirK'CLU-.AlT. Aublrx Christlax Cht'RCH— 
IE\Ri;(s(.)X To\vxsjiiP CiiR'isTL\x Chlkcil -Disciples' (CnRiSTrAX) 
CrruR'Cir. \'lxtox — }"irst Sep..m(>x lx ]vkij.e I'lalxe — St. AIichael's 
Catholic Cihrch. Xoi;\vav--St. AIarv's Catjiolic Ciu'rch, A^ix- 
Tox — Other Catholic Ciin;cHEs - -1'>elle Peatxe Coxgreg.vtiox- 
AE Chi'rciI" IjU'itieilvx axd Evaxgklicai- Chupj'iie.s — Bextox 

C0UXT>" Sl'XDAV Scilii'. If. .VssOi'lATIoX. 

Pi would 111' ijiipossil>]p 1() say wlwii Iho first Tf'!i<;iop.s services 
wcvv hoiii ill lu-ntnp. rouuly. ;i:s it \v;ts (.'liarriclerisl ic of the early 
times to ohscrvc soiiic Idpi] of Cln-istian worsliiji whenever half a 
dozen oi' more adults coTikl be catliei'ed tttgethei-. Before the 
early fifties, mi.s.sionaries coinieeted witli the Alethodist ehureh 
and oilier of the old estaldished detinniiiialioiis oeeasiunally visited 
Pentoi) eourit}- ;ind L-ave reliuiuns eumfort and moral support to 
the few setth'Ts iu tliis frontier s(>etion of the eountiy. The mis- 
sionai-ies cd" this threat prtis(dytin;_r Protestant denomiuation were 
evidently tirst iu the field. 

254 ■ ' • ' . 
• i>j A' 


?ilETHO[)is.M IX Bextox Col:xtv. 

Metboilisin in l^enton county wms introdu'-ecl almost with the 
advent of the first settlers. It is kiio\vn that Elijah Evans 
frathered a few of th*' settlers iii ttie uortheast part of the county 
about the year IS 17. to hold services in his house, near the ])rescnt 
town of Urban;). Tliei'e is no record of any regular services hav- 
ing been held until the second Sabbath of August. 1850. v.hen Kev. 
Rood, of Iowa ('it\-. held a religious meeting: in the first court 
house at Vinton. Tiiis court hou>e. which also served as the fli'st 
regular church of the county, was a little fi-auie building, at that 
time mitinislicd. and therfore without doors or windows ex'-ept 
fipeuing's left for them. At one end of the unlinislied court room 
was a nule platfiu'm of puncheon laid across the sleepers which 
was constnu-ted in honor of ]\lr. Wood, tlie preacher. The little 
congregation were obliged to content liiemselves by sitting upon 
tlie floor timbers with their feet upon the ground. There- is no 
record of anot'ier religious sci vice having been held in the eou7t 
house, as the .structure was destroyed by fu-e in February. ISoS. 


About the time of the Inirning of the court house. Rev. IT. 
Taylor was doing missionary work on the frontier tind in the spring 
of 1S53 succeeded in organizing the Fii-st ^fetiuidi-st Episcopal 
church of Vinton, with the following eleven members: Elijah 
Evans and wife. EIraer Howard and wife. David 1-5. Keys and wife, 
William Taft and wife. Joseph Morris and wife, and J. D. Tracy. 
Soon after the orgnnir.ation (U this cluirch. the Iowa Conference 
appointi'd Rev. TI. S. j'.urleiun in Uw Mntoii i ircuir. liut not being 
;ibh- to find a residence witliin (he to^\•n. he soiaire<l a small room 
in ;i farmer's house, six miles out in the country. A^thouirli the 
diMiomination thus established ilself in iienton county in raiher arifl unostenticius circumst-inces the church of which Mr. 
liTirleigh assumed charu'e develo;)ed into one of the largest in the 
Upper Iowa conferences. Sonic time after the foundiuir of the 
church Mt Vintiuj. meetings were held at the homes of the various 
member.^; the first to open his house foi* lliis purpose being the 
father of lion, ^farion Evans. In 1855. whnt is now known as 
(i<jod Templars llall was erected in Vinlon. and the First >rethodist 
( hurdi rented it for religious purposes until the year 1S57. by 
which tinie the society had inri-e;tscd to abouf eighty. This en- 
courafrinL'' irrowth called for tin- erection of ;! church home. 



In 1S:>S. luuirr th.- pasturati" of Kev. John iiidlmrrton, the 
bii.soiueiU of the .-iiiiivh was first orcupicd. and in 1S(J3 the old 
hi-i.-k chii.-.-h was'd over it. .Much of the material whieh 
fjiteivd into its const nietion— in fa.-t all of the woodwork and 
timbers— was supijlied by i'.ow.'V; mill, bein- hauled from Beat-n 
City for that purpose by ox teams, the latter under the "manau-- 
ment" of Romanzo K. Bowe. 

The period of tlie buildinjz of the ehureh was also the seas-n 
of hard time:-;, but the faithful Methodists of Vinton eircuit labored 
bravely and uneeasinoly and, in spite of every drawbark. built iir- 
a flourisbino' .sm-iety. At this period of its history the eireui: 
eiubrared besides Vint(jn, YVig Grove. Spring Creek. :\lud Cree'-i. 
and RoyaCs School hous(\ During- tliis trying ordeal for the 
Vmion circuit, gracious revivals were held at Vinton and in other 
churehes. an.d the society continually increased in streui^th, rr.- 
thoug-h tlie buildino; of the ehureh necessarily dragtr.^d. Mon-^v 
was not only scarce and hai'd to collect, but was so iinrelial)le thai 
what was secured one dnv miulit be almost wort^iless the next. The 
piUars of tlu- church and the hardest laborers of this season were 
those faithful pastoi-s. ].'ev. J. M. Kankin and Rev. F. X. :\riller. 
While the former, the ]u-eacher of tlic church, was actually carry- 
iuLT the hod for the workmen enga^^ed on the church buildincr. Rev. 
.Aliller was .sent east l)y the board of trustees to seeui'C funds to 
comidete the house of woi-ship. His etforts of about four months 
resulted in securintr enough money to finish the ba.sement. which 
was used foi- some time l)efore the .superstructure was completed. 
In a letter wriileii dui-ing recent yeai-s Mr. I^Iiller giv-es several 
uiembeis of his congregation hearty civdit ft)r their faithful work 
uurnig Ibis pcri(jd. "There were some grand good jieople ou the 
Vinto]! char-e," he says, "Dr. Boyd a)jd wife. Eli.iah Evans and 
wife. Rev. Stephen AVilliams and wife. David llolluigsworth and 
wife. Hiram'dl and wife. Martha L. Ralyea and nuuiy other 
'-'ood ]')eoj>lc. '' 

As stated the chuivh was not entirely completed until ISGo. 
when Re\-. S. C-'. Freei- was pastor: and his gracious life and faith- 
fulnoKs in the uj)building of the Vinton society were recorded iu 
one of t!;e church's beautiful memorial windows. 

Jji 1S64 Rev. H. A. Lee assumed charge of the circuit, and i- 


was mainly tlirougl) his efforts that tlie first parsonaii^e was secured. 
r>y tliis time the iiieinliership hail so increased that an addition to 
the clmrch was nect-ssary. Under the pastorate of Rev. Seaman 
A. Knapp such addition of the seating eapaeity was made in the 
form of a transcepl whi<:h was built at an expenditure of several 
thousands of dollars, and d'iul>]ed the cliureh accommodations. 

Ktxd "Words f);om IMr. Kxapp. 

Mr. Knapp afterward entered trovernment employ, but recalls 
these early days of his pastorate at Vinton in the following words: 
"I vividly rc-al! those veterans of ^Methodism, every expression of 
their countenance is i-if-arly pliotogi-aphed ujjon my memory, and 
the t^jnes of tlieir voi-(-s come to me tlirough the corridor of years 
as liff'lilce and i-esonant as if they were present. Personally [ 
may have forgotten souie. but the old izuard of the Amen corner I 
shall neve?' forget. T think those days were the happiest of my 
life. AYliil';' th*^ position I now occupy gives me an acquaintance 
vastly wider and commands a salar\- much more tempting than 
the sidary of the little brick church in the early days of Yinton, 
yet it seems to i}\c in some respects tlie ^vo^k there was more attract- 
ive and more valuable to me than any ])Osition T have since held, 
and I send a kind greeting- to all the menibers of the Methodist 
church at Yintor..'' 

A few months after tliis addition, and while the society Avas 
enjoyiuu' an unusuni season of prosperity, the first railroad entered 
the city limits, and unfortunately was laid within a few feet of the 
church b^iildinu:. It may be imaL'in.od that with the pa.ssing and 
switching of the pa^<;engei- and freii-ht trains, religious services 
were apt to be interrupt' d or at least made unpleasant, but the 
cttngreiration ''.suirered all and embired all'' for nearly twenty 
years, and blnally. in ]S87. under the pastorate of Rev. Dr. M. H. 
Smitli. the present attractive edifice was completed at a cost of 
more than twenty tljousand dollars. It vs-as dedicated on the firet 
Sabbath of January. LSSO. by Bishop :\rcCabe (then Chaplain 
?*r<-Cabei. In 1005 Rev. Frank L. Loveland was called to the 
pulpit and during his pastorate the church was re-embellished, a 
fine pipe organ in.stalled and other improvements added, at a cost 
of five thousand dollars. About tlu' same time a well furnished 
parsoimge was also built for three tlionsand dollars. 

During Rev. Frank L. Loveland 's pastorate the church cele- 
brated the firiieih anniversary of its eslablishment as a permanent 

Vol. 1—17 



society ; its real f oimdiug being dated from the time when it rented 
Templar's Hall for religious services. Upon this occasion Bishop 
IMcCabe, who d.'dicated the church in 18S9, was present as the 
cliief speaker. Perhaps one of the greatest causes of rejoicing 
upon this occasion was the fact that the debt of the church had been 
finally liquidated. 


One of the e\'ents of the jubilee was also the preparation of a 
complete and interesting historical sketch of the church, prepared 





.^iV- / 

k' . 

:V 1- 


I I i t i : 


■:\'\\lh'il ; S ill'-'". 
,; i i i ; 1 ^ L I ? s M ' - ' 

yf^-r' : . ■ 


IJI ii^l 3: i&. 


PIPE ORGAN. vixTc^x .\i jviiiODiST ciirRcn. 

and read by J. E. T^Iarietta, secretary of the board of trustees, from 
whose paper the following is extracted as a fitting conclusion of 
this article: " Tlie records of the trv.slees and officinl hoards of 


the past fifty years would all make very iDteresting reading for 
this occasion, but those meetings to be chronicled as among the more 
significjint aj-e tho^^e whicli met fur the purpose of laying plans for 
the slaughtering of the White Elephant (as the church mortgage 
is properly called). The finani-ial depression of the times seems 
to have thwarled the purpose of tlie ehurcli to dedicate free from 
debt both" on the old and tlie Mew. 

"The first meeting of the beard of trustees was held on the day 
following tlie adoption of articles of incorporation and the only 
business transacted of whicli a record was kept was the creation of 
the first White Elephant, and from that time on, through all the 
ycai^ of our hi.story, records appear of the .slaughtering of the 
"While Elejihatit. Some of tlie members even yet recall the ViA. 
Yernon debt, the Jacob Stevens loan and the Church Extension 
Society mortgage, all jiLst and lesTtimate obligations which were 
met with Christian fortitude. Tlic buining of the latter mortgage 
we celebrated through the niagnifu ent labors of our well and dearly 
remembered John W. Clinto-u. D. D., the only pastor called to his 
great reward wJiilc in tlie active ])astorate of our charge, and whose 
Godly virtues we would emulate. Our celebration of the last 
slaughter on last Sabbatli is a fit event for the first day of this 
Golden Jubilee. During thfsc fifty years of history this church 
has contributed to cliurch and parsonaee building and imp>rove- 
ment at least $40,000.00: to ministerial support and current ex- 
penses over $80,000.00, and for the Itenevolences of our church 
moiv than .$20,000.00. making a total of $140,000.00. We are now 
clear of the incubus of debt and may we look for the future achieve- 
ments far exceeding the marrniiicent record of the past. 

"^■erily these founders of eai-iy ~\Icthodisin in Vinto;i builded 
cyvn better than they knew. Tho;;e bcginniiig days vrerc times of 
Linnit sncrifice and faithful toil for the building u]) of the cause 
of Clu' in our midst whi'di cannot be forgotten by those who 
remain to review the ex])ericnces througli which they passed, 
while those who have come after to carry on the work so well begun 
will not be unmindful of wli;tt has t)een don.- in other days. 

"For nearly one-half of the time since the organization of 
the charge one of my greatest privileges has been to be an officer 
of your lioard on v.'hom has been devolved the duty of keeping the 
records of the church, and during that time I recall many whose 
faces ue see no more amomr us. Of all sucli we would speak in 
words of praise. Their numliers are too great to particularize. 

" 'Gone, but not forgotten.' 


"This may be said of many who onee filler! places in pulpit 
and pew of this ehureh. 'Kicli \s\ lahors ; abundant in sacrifices; 
preeions in memory, they h.ave gone to make a ymrt of the ehureh 
triumphant, while their work ond infinence still live to strentrthen 
a)!d cheer the ^-hiireh militant.' " 

A Beloved I\rETHODisT Pioneer. 

]\Lr. Tilarieiln pays the following tribute to the first pastor of 
the chureli. Rev. IT. S. lUuT.-'i'j'h. it being in tlie fuT'm of an extract 
from one of the eliureh papei-s npon the occasion oC the peaceful 
death of this beloved pioneer of Methodism: "He was snch a 
little old man — eighty-six ycai's old his last birthday. So cripplcl 
vrith rheumatism, he had to nse tv.o canes, and walk so slowly that 
his wife was in constant terror lesi he be rnn over by the passersTjy. 
F(jr years he had been a minister in the ^Methodist ehnrch, one of 
tlie pioneers in a great western state. What stories he eonld tell 
of eaj-ly ^Methodism ! 

"Like so many of the old veterans of the cross, they had no 
means of support when old age cajue; but a loyal church paid 
the necessary amount yearly, and the old couple were contented 
and happy in one of our delightful Old People's Homes. Their 
home was but one room tiow; but they were so thankful for th^ 
quiet and peace of that one room in which to spend their remain- 
ing days. 

"A great sorrov.' ha.d conre to the old man. He was getting 
blind, so he could no longer see to read or see the faces of his 
friends. A celebrated oculist was consulted, and for three years 
the old man snbiuitted to the iiainL'ul treatment. 

"One early spring day tlie nld couple went to the doctor's 
office, and tlie assislant looked into his eyes. 'AVe can do nothin- 
for ytm sir.' he sai(L 'CanT you. doct(U' " aslced the old minister 
feebly. 'If you were twenty years yoiunzer we might, but it's no 
use trying now.' 'AVell. ma. we better go home then.' 

"The quick ears of the faithful wife detected the weary voice, 
and she led him tenderly from the i-oom. AYlien the door of the 
office closed behitul them she whispered to him: ' \Te will go and 
see Dr. Johns. Jf anyone can do anything he can.' They con- 
sulted thr kind old doctor, and, with tears in his eyes, he said to 
the aged man: 'Xo power on earth can restore your sight.' 'Oh, 
doctor. I want to .see again.' was the cry as the old man sank to the 
floor. -. , . .1 


'"Willing hands lifted him up. and after a little a strong man 
i-arried him to his carriage, and tlrove quickly to their home. They 
laid him on his bed, never to rise from it. lie recovered conseioi-LS- 
ness after a little, and the old-time cheerful ne>i.s; but never spoke 
ngaiu of seeing. ^Mauy friends visited him during the few days 
that he lived. His j)astor, ch;ss leader, and a few friends met for 
a little service in his room, and he was Ihe happiest of tliem all. 
The end came peacefully; and he could see at last." 

The J'.ASTORAL Roster. ' ". 

The following have served the church from the commencement: 
1853, II. S. Burleigh; 1854, Nelson AVells; 1855, S. R. Young; 
1856, B. F. Taylor; 1857. IT. H. Keith; 1S5S-9, J. Kidlington; 1860, 
J. M. Rankin, resigned: 18G0, F. X. :\riller; 1861-2. S. C. Freer; 
1863-4, S. A. Lee: 1865-G, Triah Ei)berhait ; 1867-8, S. A. Knapp ; 
1869. J. C. Cormack; 1870-1, G. W. Brindell ; 1872, R. W. Peebles; 
1873-4. D. Sheffer; 1875, T. C. Golden; 1876-7, E. L. Miller; 1878-9, 
J. R. Berry; 1880-1, W. D. Parsons; 1882-3, William Brush; 1884-5, 
II. D. Church; 1886-8, M. H. Smith; 18«9-9U, W. A. Pottle; 1891-3, 
J. AV. Clinto)!, deceased; 1893, R. F. Ilurlbut ; 1894. J. C. 
Ma gee; 1805-6, T. M. Evans; 1897, R. D. Parsons; 1898-1905, 
Prank L. Loveland ; 1906-7, llvv. Dewitt W. Clinton; 1908-, Rev. 
\Y. F. Spry. The present member.>-hip of the church is 510. making- 
it the stro]]gest religious organization in Yintou. 

The first Snbbath school in connection with the church was 
held in the home of Elijah I^vaus, about tb.e same time th;U the 
adults formed a socii't\'. The juveniles gathej-ed in the houses of 
\';ii"i(iu.'^ members luitil l.s62. wheii tiiey met in Crowe's Unll. wliiL-h 
gave the .scliool l.iettcr chance to grow. The membership of the 
Sal)batli school iTici-cased in excc^^.s of the pi'owth of the chm'ch. 
urxlil the completion of the hrst editlce, when the school became 
one of the largest in the city, and lias since maintained its former 

! V ' ' I , ■ ■' i I . 


Rev. C. S. Burnard. the Melhodi.'t minister at ShelLsburg, also 
includes the First hklen congregation in liis ch.arge, and the 
])arent ehurcli numbers about 125 mendicrs. ^i'lie organization at 
Shellsburg was etTected by l\cv. B. F. Taylor in 1856, when four- 
teen joined the church, 'i'hc Hrst religious ediiice of the Sliell.s- 


burg society was built in 1S6], at a cost of $1,200, but tlie grouth 
of the church membership made a hirger structure necessar^^ and 
iu the suruiiior of 1S76 it was ciHcted, he'mg dedicated duriug the 
same year by Kw. Mr. Crippm. of Waterloo, who took his text froni 
Mark X:29:'Mj. Succeeding the lirst pastor, Rev. B. F. Taylor, 
who remained until 183^^, were the foUoAring: Revs. D. Donaldson. 
II. P. Ilollensworth, C. W. Brewer. H. W. Beach, George RRm?. 
D. C. Woi-lz, William Glassner. Joseph AYilkinson, J. Baker, Jarae.=; 
Leslie, Asa Critchfield, L. AVinsett. A. N. Lee, Reuben Ricks, S. 
Sherin, F. E. Days, J. A. Davis, W. F. Pitner, N. S. .Alustrom. 
Wiiljani Cobb, J. F. Norton, AYilliam A. Allen. George L. Gulp. 
W. F Spj'y, W. N. Brown, L. I). Stubes. James Carson, J. H. Barr, 
A. B. Fickle and C. S. Burnard. 

.: i- First M. E. Church, Bj^lle Plaine. 

'ilie first Methodist Ejiisropal church of Belle Plaine wa-5 
organized June 2, 1SG6, the officers of the corporation being G. D. 
Blue, president ; W. AY. Bciimju, vice-president, and A. N. Twogood. 
.seci-etary and treasurer. Duriug the same m.onth 2\Iessrs. T. 

Thompson, Benson and Twogood were selected as a building com- 
mittee, and '>n July 21st. lot 2, block" ?>. was purchased for <\ church 
site. Soojj after a contract was made with D. B. Blue for the 
erection of a building to cost .152, -fSf, and the edifice was completed 
during the latei- lialf of the year. Th.c dedicatory .services in 
Janiuiry. ]Sn7, were conducted by Rev. A. J. K^^^ett. Amone 
the well known jiastors of tliis churi-h have been Revs. J. B. Taylor. 
R. Y'. jfilncr. Ci. Y'. Balluw. F. P. Schaefer, J. A. Davis, 0. B. 
AYaite, N. Pye. F. G. Chni:e. J. (^). j^.biiison, L. L. Lo.-kljju-d and 
Dillman Smith, IOm!-). 

The tine church now oc.-ujv.otl hy the society \\as bu.ill in ]SS> 
at a cost of $15,000 jmd tlie $5,000 ]>arsonage was completed in 
1902. ^Membership of the cluarch about 350. 

Bi.An?STow\ AT. E. CnuRcii. 

A clas8 of Alethodists was formed in tlie vicinity of Blairstovn 
in 1858, and in the fall of ISGI ii was included in the Hickory 
(h'ove circuit under Rev. O. D. Poles. AVhen the church was 
incorporated at P.]airsto\sn in 18o8. Rev. S. AA^. Heald was the 
pastor in charge of the circuit. Li that year the number of mem- 
bers on the circuit, includin.g two otliCT- a})pointments, was .seventv- 


two. A church edifice was erected and dedicated in the fall of 
1878. Present membership of the society eighty-five, with Rev. W, 
J. Pyle pastor. : 

The Van Houne 1'letiiuoist Chuecii. 

A ]\Iet]iodist Episcopal I'liurch was organized at Van Home 
soon after the tovrsi came into existence as a station on the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul railroad. Its first pastor was Rev. Uriali 
Eberhart, who was followed by Rev. John G. Palmer. Then came 
Rev. AV. S. Lewis, who became a bishop in the fall of 1908 and is 
now engaged in missionary work in China. After Dr. Le^ds the 
following successively tilled the pulpit: Revs. Adam llolm, T. A. 
Trimble, R. A. Miller, S. C. Bretnall, C. E. Logsden, C. B. Wright, 
W. il. H. Bunch, William Bartle, II. T. Crawford, S. V. Williams, 
H. W. A.rtman and G. W. Dunliam. j\Iembership of church about 
fifty. I\lr. Dunham has also under his charge the congregation 
at Second Eden. The chmch at Van Home was for many yeais 
in the Blai^sto^^Tl circidt. 

Rev, Tho-mas C. Golden. 

Rev. Thomas C. Golden was a prominent Methodist in Benton 
county for a number of yeai-s, after having ser\-ed as chaplain of 
the Tv\enty-fifth Wisconsin Infantry in the war of the Rebellion. 
He v/as a man of middle age when he entered the arm}-, his original 
profession being that of medicine. He was a graduate ph^^sieian 
when he came to America from England in lS-19, and practiced 
both in his native couuiry and in tlie state of AVisconsirj. He also 
entered the itinerant ministry of tlie Methodist church, served 
as presiding elder in Wisconsin fiir ten years, and ^ras several 
times a delegate to the general conferences. He came to Iowa in 
1870 and was pa.-^tor of the church at Mt. Vernon for a number of 
yea.r.s, as well as presiding elder of the district. 

Other ^l. E. Chltrches. 

The ^Methodist societies at Urbana and Bear Creek are under 
Rev. W. W. :\ Ear tin. 

Rev. A. M. Ewert is the pastor of the Methodist church at 
Garrison, which was dedicated in 1874. ^ ' 


The Metliodirst societies jit Norway and Walford are in charge 
of Kev. T. Y. \VJ]liaiii.s, a rercut graduate of Cornell college, ilein- 
bcrship of hotl) chari^L-s a))oiit fort} . 


The Now Scliool Presbyteri;nis of Vinton formed an organiza- 
tion June 27, 1852, unde]* Kev. Williston Jones. The original 
niember.s of the society were James F. Young and ISlrs. Mary Young, 
John S. Tilford and I\lrs. Margaret A. Tilford, James Rice. Mrs. 
^laria Traer, ]Mrs. Amy Jones. Ha)Tison Bristol and ^NIi's. Mary 
Bristol. Kev. John Summer wa.s the fu-st slated supply of the 
society and was succeeded in the spring of iSo-J: by Rev. Nelson C. 
Robinson. After a pastorate of seventeen and a half years he was 
succeeded by J?ev. Stephen Phelps, who nut ouly served the church 
iu:itii its organization v as lost in ilie union of the two churches. 
June 17, 1872. but continued as pMstoi- of the uniied congi'egations. 

Old School PuLSKYTEiaANS. 

The Old School Presbyti'iiaris formed a so-iety h^:•bl•uar>■ 2.3. 
1S54, undei- Ixcv. d. S. Fullerton and Elder Williain A^aughu, a 
committee from tlic Presbytery of Cedar Kapids. Its original 
moubers wci-c Fi'ancis J. Uolibins and ]\Irs. Rachel Dobbins, I\Irs. 
Kachel Gwimi. 3ilrs. Lavina Beatty. .Miss E. Jane Watson, Henry 
AVatson and Ezra AVatsojn Its ministers were: Kev. W. L. Lyons, 
who was pastor from the spring of 1S5G for about a year ancl a 
half; I\cv. dames Kii-lc. who served for three years from Noveud)er 
E lS-')7: K'c\-. .1. S. Ounniu'.r, lso:;-9, and K<-v. J. AY. Crawford 
from Tlie spring of bSCn until tif n.Tiion of the (diurehcs in 1S72. 
At lh;it time ihe Fii'sl ''New Seliool) eluireh had a meu.iber.shiji 
of 2'*() and the Sceond (Old S'dioul) of 125. 


The meetings of the First I'resbyterian church were held suc- 
cessively in the old court house. J. S. Tilford 's residence. Jones' 
Hall, Tilford 's sch(,ol house (espe-ually built for the holding of 
i-hureh services) and the Baptist chnreh building, which had been 
sold and a larger structure erected. The Second Prcsb^-terian 
•society worshiped, ju-evious to the union, at the Tilford school 
house, and in their frame churelns of 1S;')7 and 1SG6. The united 







h.. ■ % 

'r M 

A:€\ %y 

k { 

-t,/.. ...., 


\ i 
■-. \ * 





congregation enlarged liie latter house of worship and occupied 
it until October 14, 1877, wlien tlicy dedicated their present build- 
ing erected on the site of the Second Presbyterian church. 

Dr. Stephen Phelps became pastor of the Pj-esb,^'terian church 
of Vinton, whirh resulted from the union of the New and the Old 
Scliool societies in 1872, continuing in charge until 1881. In that 
year he resigned to become president of Coe college. Dr. Eugene 
11. Avery was then called to the pastorate, and, to the gi-eat regret 
of his parishioners,' resigned his charge in 18!:>9 to assume his min- 
isterial labors in California. lu tlie following year Dr. Solomon 
S. liilscher was installed as pastor, and remained in charge until 
October, 1907, when he was succeeded b.y Dr. P. Marion Simms. 
The church now comprises about five hundred regular attendants 
and is among the strongest Presbyterian societies in Iowa. 

•. • . Rev. Stephen Phelps. 

At the time that Rev. Stephen Phelps was called to the pas- 
torate of the First Presbyterian church of Vinton, in October, 
1871, that society represented the largest organization of the de- 
nomination in the state of Iowa. JMr. Phelps was in every way 
c[ualified to assume such responsibilities, having already served as 
moderator of his synod and as delegate to the general assembly of 
the Presb^'tery fur three terms. A native of Pultou county, Illi- 
nois, he was educated at Jefi^erson College, Peunsylvania, and the 
V\'e,stern Theological Seminary, being licensed to preach in the 
summc)' of 1861. After refusing several calls from eastern 
(hur'-hes, he aeC(-pted the pastorate of the Sioux City Presbyterian 
chun-h, and after filling that pidpit for nearly three years was 
called io the Presbyterian church of Wa.terloo, Iowa, where he 
labored until obliged to resign on account of his health. He ac- 
cepted the pastorate of the Vinton Presbyterian church in October, 
1871, whirh he held for sever;il years and also served as chaplain 
of the Iowa State Guards. xMthough not strictly germane to the 
subject, it may be added that I\lyron Phelps, his father, was one of 
the early settlei-s in Illinois, locating in Fulton county that state, 
before the breaking out of tlie Black Hawk war, and remaining 
in that section of tlie state, as a successful merchant, for consider- 
able more than half a centurv. 



i\fter useful existence of about tv/cnty years the United 
Presbyterian church of Vinton ^vas organized into the congrega- 
tion known as the Pratt Creek church, to accommodate its many 
members who resided from five to seveii miles f)-om the city. It 
was organized in 1S57 by Rev. Hugh Sturgeon, of the Cedar 
Rapids rresb\'tery, and originally numbered seventeen members. 
The pulpit was filled by the various supplies until 1S62, when Kev. 
S. M. Kier was installed as first pastor. Then came, in succession. 
Rev. W. A. Pollock, Rev. iAlr. Rule and Rev. P. H. Drennan, under 
whose pastorate the Pratt Creek church was organized and the 
Vinton congregation disbanded. 


The origin of the present l^rcsbytei'iau churr-h of Sliellsburg 
is found in the Old School Presbyterian society which organized 
at the A^liite school house on Sand Prairie, north of town, May 
17, 1S56. Rev. Walter L. Ijyon, of Vinton, and Rev. George 
Bergen, of Big Grove, formed the society, the former being its 
first pastor. Rev. James Fullerton suecetided him, and in 1SG9, 
when the church was removed to Shellsburg. Rev. Alexander Cald- 
well assumed tlie pastorate. Mr. Caldwell's successors were: Rev. 
A. G. Martyn, 1871-2; Rev. H. K. Kennigh, 1873-4; Rev. D. Mc- 
Dermid, 1875-6; Rev. A. Caldwell, 1877-0; Rev. A. M. Tanner, 
1882-4; Rev. J. Kennedy, WSS-9 ; 1889-92 (stated supply); Rev. 
L. R. Smith. lS9;l-5 ; Rev. J. :\I. Smith, 1S97-8; Rev. G. VT. Mc- 
Kenney, 1899; Rev. E. C. Haskell, 1900; Rev. J. C. Patterson, 
1900-8; Rev. J. W. JIulmc, 1908-9; Rev. Charles C. Brown, 1909. 
The present membership of the church is about 120. The Pleasant 
Hill society is in this charge and lias a membership of lliirty. 

At a meeting of the New and Old School Presbyterians iield at 
the Methodist church IMarch 27, 1870, resolutions were passed 
UJiiting the two bodies, and in the same year the church was 
built and dedicated. The dedicatory sermon was preached by 
Rev. Alexander Marshall, of Marion. The first members to join 
the united body in March, 1870, were John Parker, Abraham 
Scott, AVilliara Crawford, James Strong, Miller, i\[rs. Har- 
riet Elson, Hannah Greenwood and Hannah I\I. Miller. 


Pleasant Hill PKESByTERL\N Church. 

The Pleasant Hill Presbyterian church was organized June 2. 
18G0, by Kev. James S. Fullertou, at Pleasant Hill school house. 
Its original nif-rnbers were Samuel McGrenuahan and his v.'ife, 
Rebecea; Eliza Johnson and Sarah Thompson; Christopher Eul- 
lenweider and Mary T., his wife; Harriet S. Scott; Jacob Kouts: 
J. W. B. Youel (elder") and his wife Hannah. Ou the follovring 
day (the first Sabbath) David Johnson and Joseph Hagen, with 
his wife 31argaret, joined the church on confession of faith, and 
there were four baptisms of jidults. 

Rev. Alexander Caldwell served the Pleasant Hill charge 
froni 1861 to bSGl) ; Eev. D. McDermid, 1875-G; Rev. A. Caldwell, 
1877-9: Rev. S. T. MeClure, 1881; Rev. A. M. Tanner, 1SS2-4; 
Rev. I. ]J. Barnard, 1885-6; Rev. P. Read, 1887; Rev. J. L. Martyn. 
1888; Rev. A. G. :\[artyn. 1889-90; Rev. J. S. Dunning, 1891-2 ; 
Rev. L. R. Smith. 1S93-5; Rev. J. M. Smith, lh97-8; Rev. George 
JMcKenney, 1898-9; Rev. E. C. Haskell, 1900; Rev. J. C. l*atterson, 
1900-8: Rev. J. AV. Hulme. 1908-9; Rev. Charles C. Brown, 1909. 

Five young men who were conjiected with the Pleasant Hill 
church have gone into the ministry and had noteworthy sucess 
as missionaries, viz: — Rev. Y. G. Barnell (who wx'nt into the for- 
ei^u field) : Rev. J. E. Youel, no'w of Pinion, Oregon; Rev. Clarence 
AV. AVeyer. Hastings. Nebraska; Rev. Robert Countermine and 
Rt'v. Ciiai'les Countermine. •' 

Bi.AiRSTuWiV Pkesbvtkuian Cjjl'rch. 

The Presbytei-ians of Biairstown organized themselves into 
;i society Mny 9, 18G1, at a jneeting held in the Robertson school 
house, a few miKs east of town, under the ministration of K'ev. 
Ab'xanch-!- Campl<ell of the Vinton Presbytery. The original 
memb(M-s w<'re as follows: H. C. Jxobertson and his wife, Urid- 
dice ; Ephraim Robertson and his v.'ife, ]\Ia.ry; Alexander Kelly 
and his wife. ^largaret ; and AVilliam Kelly and wife. Elizabeth. 
In the spring of 1865 Rev Luiher Dodd, of Vinton, assumed the 
Blaii-stown and West Irving charges, and was succeeded by Rev. 
George 1). I'ortcr. who died in December. 1867, while engaged in 
missionary work. In the spring of 1869 Rev. John- N. Wilson 
commenced his service, being followed by Rev. G. ..M. Lodge for 
four years. Tlie society then had a uK^mbership of about eighty- 
five, but fftr siune time after ]\lr. Bodge left there were no regular 


spi-vices. Re\'. Lowis Jlnniilloii, of Colorado, supplied the pulpit 
for a time, and in September, 1876, was sueceeded hy Rev. J. S. 
Difkoy, the churt;}! b'^'ing erected duriiit; the pastorate of the latter 
(in 1877) at a cost of if2,500. Those who have occupied the pulpit 
since then i)icludcd Rev. .1. ]]. Kutler. Ocorire Ainslie, John 
Thompson, Smiley and Charles 'M. AYysc (tho present in- 
cumbent). i\Iembers}iip of the ehnrch o\'er 105. 

0.\KR?soN' Prk.^hvtkki.w CHlRril. 

Rev. L. I). l[u*:h(s. a missionary of the I*rcsbyt(M"ian cluircli. 
held meetin.^s in the ?>I(-thodist Episcopal cliurcii. of Carrisoi. I'or 
some time previous to the spring of 1S7(J. and on ^lay 26, 1876, a 
coiii!i!iltee of tlie ]'resbyt''r\' consisting of Revs. Stephen P]icl])s 
and L. T). Rughes and Elders Geo. Ilori-idge and A. 11. TIanna 
proceeded to comiilete tin^ itrganization. Dr. LaGrange. .-Vmos 
Dean and J. S. Stanley \\-ere elected elders and (jeo. K. Covert. V. 
L. Bolenbaugh and J. C. Bergen, deacons. The trustees wei'c not 
chosoi uTitil tlie tinie of ineorporatit^n. some three years later. 

Ttie]-e wei-e eiiiliteen cltarler membei'S. three of whom a)"e still 
( )i th" roll--r\rrs. E. A. Richards. ]\Irs. liebocca Bolenbaugli and 
Mrs. ]\Iai'k Reeve. 

The first I'uildinL: was ei-eded in the year 187Jh being dedi- 
cated ]\;arch 7. ISSO. Previous ti» tliis time llic meetings were liidd 
in the ]\rethodist Episco])al church. An addition ^vas Imilt en to 
the i)riginal structure alicml the >ear 1!)00, and during liloG it was 
entirelx' remodeled. 

The folluwinL' ministers Inive served the church: J'evs. L. D. 
Hughes. Sa.nuiel Lafirange. ]^. Banta, A. C. Brown. Jos. Di/key. 
J. G. Price, J. P. Connti'i-mine. A. (i. Martyn. U. G. Evan.s. AT. M. 
Ti'avis, Ed. Chas. Haskell. Robert S. Wienland. Alex. Corkey. 
Paul Hilegman. Ambrose Wight. Frank A. Gageby. V. S. GenunL: 
a)id J. A. Logan. Of tliese mdy Tievs. Brown. Dickey. Wienland. 
Corkey and \Vright were inst^illcd. 

The present elders are: H. L. P>eresford (clerk). A. R. ^Fc- 
Girr. D. Sloan. J. W. Hamia and AY. IP Hanna. The trustees are 
J. W. Hanna, IMark Reeve. J. C Shaw, A. J. Donabl. John Neve 
and F. M. AYard. 

The Sunday S'diool superintendent is E. E. Heil. 'Mrs. I). 
Sloan is president of tlie Ladies .Missionary Society. ^Irs. J. AA'. 


Ilanna, president of the Aid Society and A. J. Donald is president 
of tlie Christian Endeavor Society. The present membership of 
the church is al>ont onn hundred. 

OxriKi^ }'RK.?HVTERi.\N (;H^RCHK^;. 

The Presb^-terian church at Atkins has a member.^hip of some 
fifty witli Rev. Jas. A. ]\IeKay as pastor and four elders and three 
deacons. The congregation at "Watkins is twenty strong, and there- 
is a flourishing society of nearly one hundred at Garrison under 
Rev. J. Allen Logan. 

Cedar Rapids Baptist Assoctation. 

The Baptist chn relies ol Benton county are under the juris- 
diction of the Cedar Rapids Baptist As.sociation, \vliich, as a con- 
tinuance of the Linn and Iowa Valley Baptist associations, is now 
in its iifi^-fourth year. Its second meeting was held at Shellsburg, 
in 1858, with Rev. J. Woodwai-d as moderator, and since that year 
the association has assembh^d at the following points in Benton 
couuly: Vinton. 1802. ]lev. N. F. Ravlin, moderator; Parker'.> 
Crovi'. l^On. Rfv. Amos Pratt, moderator; Shellsbarg, 1S6S. Rev. 
0. Sunderland, modei'ator: Vinton. 1872. Re\'. .N B. ITornan. mod- 
erator; 1877. Shellsburg. Rev. John Cauch. moderator; Belle 
Plaine. 1880. Rev. D. X. :\ri!son. mod'-rcitor; Vinton. 3 882. Rev. 
Jc^hn Pu!to]i. moderator: Van Home. 1886. Rev. C. C. Smitli. 
moderator: Parker's Grove. 1800. Rev. J. J. Powell, moderator: 
Shellsburg. 1803. Rev. A. IT. Brdlar.l. moderator; Vinton. 1894. 
Rev. A. T. Shortess. moderator: A^inti>ii. 1000. Rev. F. InI. Smith, 
moderator: Shellsburg. 1903. Rev. F. ^Sl. Archer, moderator: Vin- 
ton. ltt'^7. liev. R. A. SiiOth. moderator. Each chnrcli of the 
r'l.ssocialion is represented by at least three delegates, with one 
additional delegate for every twenty-five members. 

Shellsburg Baptist Church. 

The l>aptist church of Sliellsburg Wris organized in February. 
1855, with about fourteen membei-s. Rev. Richard King, its first 
pa.stor, was succeeded b.v Rev. M. Ilazen in 1857. the latter d^nng 
shortly aftei- the expiration of his year's pa.storate. Rev. Shirley. 
Rev. John W. Thompson and Rev. J. V. Daniels follo^ved in order. 
Under the pa.stf»rate of the r.ant d, in September. 1876. the 


church was dedicateil which had bf'eii eumraeuocd in 1S70. The 
dedicatory serinon was prear-hed by Kev. ]\Ir. Weaver, of Yiuton, 
and 1he pastor, ]iev. Daniels, made a statement of the trials under- 
gone in completing the church, especially commending Simeon 
IMaxon, Robert TT'-ath. Wm. Kreadc-r. 'Mr. Bixby and others for 
their jrrpat libci'ality.- Arad Thompson was long sjiiperintendent 
of the Sabbath scl^ool. The church has a present membership of 
about one hundred and its pastor, Rev. P. H. Ward, has also the 
Parker's Grove society in his charge. The latter, org&nized in 
lSo8, is some sixty strong. 

FiR.^T Baptist Church, Yinton. 

On ^larch S. 1850. twelve Baptists. Stephen Chapin, Sr.. 
Stephen Chapiu. Jr.. James Chajdn, Wm. Conv.ell, Marie Conwell, 
James Pauley. [Margaret Pauley. Ruth Thibb. ]\[ary Kelsey and 
Pete Crurel met at Yinton. and with Rev. Kin.u- of Parker's Grove 
otiliciating. organized the first Baptist church. Stephen Chnpin 
Sr., wa.s elected deacon and James Chapin. clerk. On April loth. 
the fiist covenant meeting Avas held. Two weeks later four new 
meml.icrs were added and R. Chapin. hy unanimous vote, was called 
as pastor. He v. as voted a salary of $lIOO and the Home ^Mission 
aided witli •'?20n. At this tiin*^ a buildim: was being erected on 
tlie present cliui'ch lot. It was bought for $'1,000 and the earnest- 
ness and enthiisia.vjn of the chuivh are evident in that in less than 
two years from tl^c oriranization. on November 15. 1857. a place of 
worship was dedicated. Previous to this, meetings had b<en held 
ill till' Tilfoi'd School house and other places. 

Ill ISG-'^ IVfr. Chapin resigned. 'Slv. Griftith supplied for lh'-ee 
Uionths. The chuich called Yw. Harris but he shortly gave up his 
v.-ork because of ill health and died November 16. 1.^65. Peter 
Freeman supplied until October 6. 18GG. when J, Sunderland ac- 
cepted the call of the church ; he remained as pastor for five years. 
1he churc-h still being helped by the Home ^ilission Society. The 
members were heavily taxed, for the par.sonage v.-as being built. 
Then it was that the community expressed their appreciation of the. 
attempted work by giving a donation, at which $200 was raised for 
the pastor. 

In 1871 Mr. Homan began his work, wldch continued for five 
years. From J 875 to 1S79 A. Y'eaver served as pastor. On 
January 4, 1880. E. English began his pastorate. In the fall of 
that year, with the support of tlie members and tOAAii people, active 


\\'(»rk \\;is bcLTLUi towai'd liuildiriLr a new (.-Imrch. which was coia- 
plvivd and drdh ated .March 12..1SS2. 

Ii'ev. F. X. Iddridirc served as jiastor for three years. He 
t'dlUnved lt\ Mr. l^'ulh'r. u lio reniained until 18S9. 

Re\'. .1. T). Jvhmind-un held the f)a.storate foi- four years. 
When Kev. i). [u),uers aci-ej)ted the- call in ^^lay. 181)4, it was to leave 
his work aiiiom: the Indiau.s, to which he returned at the end of 










\\ A V 


KL-' ^ I i 

ife^ -iff iif-. . 'Vl^- 

^/ • 

; ' :' . ."i; 

'.'> ?.- ■■: ■ -\ 


\ ^ .,, 



Ihe second year. 

Re\'. E. ]\r. denes <'anie t'l the chiux'h in iSOi). During hi< 
l)astorat(,' the AVilliains and Ale.Kander nieeti7i!zs were held and over 
sixty were atld'-d to the Jiieinhershii'. Tlie new parsonaii^e was also 

Kev. II. C. Lelaiid lieiran Ids wurk in 1900 and served as pastor 


imtil 1902. j;»'v. J. D. Riuijst.'y hceauic- the pastor in February of 
1903. An addition was l)uilt to the .•Lureh. On July 15, 190G, 
Rev. A. W. Caul, the pres'-jit pa.stor, began his work. Present 
niemberehip 200. 

Next to the ehuri-li iu importance is the work of the Sabbath 
si'liool. There is no defirute rerord of its organization; the first 
date found is \:>i)9. but vry ]>rol)ahl\- it was organized soon after 
the ehureh was dedicated. The fust superintendent was James 
(Jliapin. It now has a meinl)ership of 150; there is money in the 
treasury and the work is eai-ricd on enthusiastieally. 

The Ladies Aid soeiety was organized iu 187G to accumulate 
funds to assist the chui'ch and general purposes of benevolence. 
Every lady of Ihe chur(-h and congregation, if interested, is a 
menibei'. Tlie last paymeni of ^570 on tin- chureli building was 
met by tlieni. bi'sides other inaterial aid has been rendered. 

The fu'st mention made of the ^fission society is the date of 
reorganization in 1882. with ^[rs. Jones as president. Besides 
the regular study, two supi>ers are given each year and the profits 
e([ual]y divided I'Ctween Home and Foreign missions. 

In 1894 under the direction of ^^frs. Roirers the Juniors v>ere 
organized. ]\leetinir each Sunda\' afteriioon. the childrcTi not only 
carj-y out a certain line of stud>'. V>ut llu^y take charge of the meet- 
ings themsehx-^ and so become trained for the work which is 
awaiting them. 

The B. Y. T\ U. wa.s organized in 1890. Its largest mcmber- 
shi]) was sixtv' aijd from these five young men have become ordained 
ministers, one a missionary in Alaska. 

Garhis^ox German B.vptist CiiuiiCii. 

The Garrison German liaptist church was organized in 1858 
willi fifteen miMiibers. It now has about seventy. 

United liRKTHREx Societuos. 

A United P>reihren chui'ch was organized at Vinton as early as 
ls5:^,. by Rev. William Stih-s. In the following year through its 
Irustees. James Richie, James Crowe and William Ludlow, the 
society ])urchased of James Crowe a building on JeffeiMon street 
for $725, holditiL'- services thei'idn until 1858 when it ceased to exist. 

In 1854 Father Newman collected a faithful few into the 
Prairie cluireli. located alnrnt a mile east of Vinton and two miles 
Vol. J— 18 


soutli of the County IToine. and idow consisting of some seventv 
members, with Rev. J. B. Sullivan jis pastor. 

^^The Mount Plensaut (-(^ngreL'ation. which erected a church in 
1877, was the second one organized, and has a present membership 
of alx.iit twenty, xvhile the Fairxicw church, the third in age. hss 
over forty n)einbfrs and a house of worship built in tlie earlv '70s. 

For many years previous to September. 1909, the United 
Brethren clrarcli wa"s not maintained at Vinton, but in that month 
it was revived under the pastorate of Uev. T. G. Breaw. and now 
numbers some fortv members. 

^,. Dr. W. B. Wagn-er. 

T)r. TV. B. T\^agner. of Blairstown. became a resident of Benton 
county, when he was several years ])eyond middle age. He spent 
his time in that part of the .state as a medical practitioner, the 
early years of his career being devoted to the ministry in connec- 
tion with the United Brethren cliurcji. lie vwas a man of f_ne 
character and wide readinc-. Born in Dauphin county. Pennsyl- 
vania, February 5. ISlfi. Dr. AVagupr worked on a farm near 
Ilarrisburg. that state, until he was eighteen years of age. at which 
time his education may be said to liave really commenced. At the 
age of twenty-one he !)egan his picparation for the ministi-y. and 
in 1S41. tvro years afterward, entered the conference of the United 
Brethren church as traveling minister or missionary. In that 
capacity he faithfully labored for seventeen years, preachine 
principally in Pennsylvania. In 1S56 he 7novcd to Iowa and dnr- 
ing that, and a portion of the follom'ng year, devoted him.self to his 
religious duties in r^Iuscntine and Linn counties. Iowa. In the 
meantime, he had commenced the study of medicine, and in 1?57. 
after lus removal to Linn county, comineru^ed his entiie devotion to 
the medical profession. Tn this professional field Dr. Warner 
appears to have been even in advance of these early times, as he 
collected a fine li])rary. comprising profcs.sional. literary and re- 
ligious works. ■ Although he died in active medical pursuits, h^ 
retained tn the last an abiding intei-.^st in the welfare of the Unittd 
Brethren church, being especially a hearty supporter of the TVest- 
ern College, the denominational s.-h')ol. In the latter connection, 
he served as one of tlu' boa.rd of dii'cctors. member of the executive 
committee and president of the board of trustees. 


First D[sci]'i.p:s' Church. 

In th(^ sjifiuyr of 1857. under the pastorate of Kev. Jalius 
Stevens, tile iirst organizatiou of tlie Disciples in Christ, or the 
Christian clnirch in l^eutuJi eoinity. was efi'ected at the Spring 
Creel: school };oii,se. lis chart'j!- iiieiubers were Peter Shui'ts and 
wife, ]\r. P\irry and wife, aud J*^. J. Sefton and wife. Peter Shnrts 
was chosen elder and ^f. Furry and F. J. Sefton deacons. In 1910, 
S(j far as known, the six charter nieinbers were all living. Peter 
Shnrts aud wilc were in Kansas and the other four were still with 
the ^Mouut Aubnrn clun-cli. After a time the original church 
disbanded and united with the Prairie Creek church, which was 
then in a flourislilng condition. • . ^ 


Some time in tlie earh' '60s the society was reorganized in the 
Mount Auburn sdiool liouse and has continued its organization 
ever since. In 1S72 ]\[. S. liall donated property to be used for 
churcli purposes and a building was erected under the supervision 
of J. L. Furry. Among those wiio juinistered to the cluirch in its 

early history were Sanuiel Lowe of Indiana: Coxdner, of 

Tama City; Jifnas Ilartzell, of Davenport; "Watson, of 

Clarksville; Josiah Jackson. Joluj Kane, O. E. Brown and G. L. 
Applegate. Later came J. L. AVesi. AT. D. Swain, N. A. McConnell, 
J. II. Hawloy. .1. X. Cole. .1. K. Coit.cU. J. :\r. Crocker, J. P. IMartin- 
dale. F. A. Sheets. J. II. Carr. .1. Y. Xichols. P. P. Brown, C. L. 
Walker. F. V. Kearns and \'. AV. llollet. At piesent the churdi is 
without, a pastor, altiionoli tlir n-icrMlM-i-ship is about 15!). Ii; 1002 
tiic ituilding wa.s ronodcled and refui'nislicd. 

,, TIarkisox TowNsiiU' Chkistjax CjiUKCfr. 

The clmrch of tiie Disi-iides in Christ of Harrison town- 
shi{) was organized Alay 23. 1S58. in a small log school liouse on 
Prairie creek, with nineteen nh-mhcis. David AlcXie and R. 
Thomp.son wei'e the first elders. On the 10th of October. 1897, a 
new edifice was dcdi<-ated. the chief speaker at ihe ceremonies being 
A. AI. Haggard, secretary of the Christian convention. The society 
is thi-ee hundred strong ;;nd is in charge of Kev. H. C. Harlow. 
The pastor of the chuieli at Vrhana. founded about the same time, 
is Rev. A. C. Stewart. , 


There is a Cliristinn society at ^It. Auburn, hui it has no 
settled pastor. 

Disciples' (Ciiristian') rrTiRcii. Vinton. 

The first Christian elmrcli at Vinton was d.^jani/ied at Doan's 
Hal]. An.'-rust ]S, 1807. hy Elder 0. E. Brown, witli John Furry. 
J. L. Taylor. John L. Furry and II. L. TJandall. iucorporators. ana 
the following- thirty-five charter menibers : Joseph Wohlgamuth. 
Rclxv'ca W., X'. D. and Julia Brittell, Jolm and IVlarcraret FniTy. 
John, Jane and Xancy Epper.=:on. J. L. and ]\Iary J. Furry. L. 
J. and :\rary A. Taylor. L. W. Doan. M. J. :\rarcus. r^Iary E. 
]\rcKeJityre. Julia Dungan. Susan II. Campbell, Elizabeth Under- 
wood, Catharine Ilaynes, T. J. and Hilary "Williams. ]\Iartha Ilear- 
•shar, ^lary Speakes, John Campbell. Sarali ]\lclvclhaney. ]\rary 
Gunn. ]Mclvina Riitley. John and Xancy Iloutz, IIarriso7j and ^lary 
J. LeaJjorn. ^lary Leaborn, ]\Iartha Goodwin and Phnily Davis. 
For tlK' first tvro veal's nieetiuL'-s were hdd in the eou.rt house and 
afterwards in the Presl^yterian church. In 1870 the society bui't 
a church in the eastern part of the town, the edifice being dedieateol 
by A. X. ^IcCon!iell from ^Marion. Pastors were employed yearly 
until 1872, when Elder S. T. Shorters was engaged and remained 
for many years. For the ])ast decade the pa.storate lias been filled 
by the following: Rev. J. T. Xichols. froin September. 1899. to 
June, 1905: Rev. .-Vrthur B. Elliott, from the latter date unti! 
October, 1908: Rev. E. F. Leake for the succeeding year, and Rev, 
D. G. Dungan siuce Novemlier, 1909. The church is now m0v<t 
flonri.^ihing and numbers abouJ 3G0. 

First Sermon in Bki.ij-: Pi.aine. 

It is a generally aecejited fa<-t iJiat the first s-rmon ever 
preached at Belle Plaine was 1\v Elder Holland, a Christian minis- 
ter, who. in the fall of 18G2. held services in the Crider f^tore, then 
vacant. ' •'"' " ■ 

St. ;Mich.\ki/s C.vtiiolic Ciu'rch, Norway. 

St. Michael's Catholic chnrcli is the strongest religious body 
of X'or^vay and vicinity, numberitnr about 135 familic-s under tit':- 
pastorate of Father Joseph Drexler. wlio has been in charge since 
June 30. 1903. A small soeictv was formed by Father I'rban. or 



Iowa City, soon aftei- the platting,' of tlie towji iu 1863. In 1867 
au $1,800 frame chnrcli w;is ei'o<'te(l on Die southeast corner of the 
block stJil owned by St. .Mieiiiicl's. It is ;i small frame building, 
fifty by tliirty feet, and, in anc^ther location, is now used at Norway 
by the Roman Catholic IMutunl Protective Society of Iowa. At 
the time of the erection of the church, tiiirty-five families comprised 
the society, wliirh was i]i charge of Father William Ernonds, of 
Iowa City. As he said mass at Norway but a few times, the 
second settled pastor of the local socii-iy is considered to be Father 
F. Zlibcik, who came in 1872. He was succeeded by Rev. P. L. 
]\Iikota in 1889 and by Fatlier Francis Sclunelar in 1890. Under 
the latter tla.' snhstaniial brick church was erected which is now 
known as St. Michael's, its cost being .4-'lo.OOO. 

As stated, Kev. Joseph Drexler, the present incumbent, was 
called to tIic prosperous charge at Norway in .Juno, 1903. He has 
not only lieen the instrument hy ^^■hich the church society was 
strongly developed, but energetically sn])erintended the parochial 
school which so increased in attendance that a fine building was 
erected in 1905 at a cost of $12,000. ^More than oue hundred 
pupils are now in attendance, the courses embracing the studies 
usually taught in the granunar and high school grades of the 
public system. 

St. ]Makv's Cathouc Chlrcii, Vintox. 

On the 11th of November, 1878, Rev. Patrick C. Kenny was 
appointed the first resident ])astor by Right Reverend John Heu- 
iie.ssy, third bishop of Dubufiue. The conuregation Mas ortranized 
v.'ith about twenty families. Sevei'al outlying missions in tlie 
northej-n and western counties also cauK- uJider the jurisdiction of 
l!ie pastor of Vinton, wlio aitended them in turn. On Octobe)' 
12. 1879, the church was dedicjited under the title of Saint Mary's. 
The celebrant of the dedication was l\eA. Nicholas F. Scallon of 
St. Joseph '.s church. AValerloo. Io^\a. wh.o also preadied the dedi- 
catory sermon. Rev. Clement l^owry. of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, was 
celebraut of the high mass, ;iud preached at the evening services. 
Rev. Paul E. Gillen, pastor of Holy assisted Father Kenny 
with the exercises. ; ■ 

Thi^ erection of a parochial residence by Rev. Fdmund A. 
Kenny in 1882, made the parish an accomplished fact. 

Pi'oiiiinent in the oriranizatioa of Si. Mai'y's church v.-ere the 
folliiuinL;- : Mr. and Mrs. Ar.gus Me(>li.i!i, Miv a.ud Mrs. Ed\vard 


^reehfiD. Mr. and I\Irs. John Skiffinijton, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas 
^rcL;iuj?hliu. Sr.. Mr. and }»rrs. 'I'lionias ^IcLaugblin, Jr., ^Fr. and 
]\rr.s. ]\Ii(j:fia«:'l Donelan. Sr., 'Mr. and ^.Irs. Michael DuucJan, Jr., Mr. 
and Mrs. Henry Spriuirer, ilr. and I\lr.s. Robert Honlilian, Mr. and 
^Irs. l^itri<:k Kiee. ^L". and Mrs. \Villiarn Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. 
Janit's Li(iin IciU, ^Ir. and Mrs. Edward Ilalpiu, jMr. and I\rrs. Frank 
Reder. Mr. and Mrs. ^lit-iiael U viand. Mr. and Mrs. John Fallon, 
:\rr. and ^Irs. Edwiu-d Kelly. ^\r<^. Patrick Skiffington and Mrs. 
Patrick Joyce. 

The fathers, who in turn .succeeded Rev. P. C. Kenny, were 
Rev. P^dninnd A. Kcnney. Rev. John J. Ilanley. Rev. Michael F. 
]\rclnerriey. Rev. Timothy D. Snilivan and the present incninbent. 
Rev. John Slicehy. Fallicr Shcchy was appointed pastor in 1901, 
by His r-ir;!'-e. Archbishop Keane. of Dubuque, and has charge also 
of the Catholic missions in Dysail and La Porte, which include a 
num>»er of nortli Benton families. Theie are at present in Saint 
Mary's parisii, cxclu>"ive of the missions, about one hundred and 
fifty souls. 

Other C.VTiiOLic Chi'rcher. 

The Catholics ortjanized a chn>r<-h at Belle Plainc. about nine- 
teen years ago. and tiicy now number thirty-five fruiiilies, with 
Father Henry ^Nleyer as priest in charge. 

Rev. Father John Ifogan is the priest in charge of the Catholic 
society Jit A'an Home and that known as the Holy Cro.-^s church, 
five miles west of Van Home and about a mile east of Key.stone. 
There are a.bnnt four hnndred communicants. 

Bkij.k Pi.aixe Coxgkegational Cpiuroh. 

P'our Congrvoatioiialists of Belle Plainc organized a society in 
^Nfarch. 1SG6. under the encouragement of Rev. S. P. LaDue, a 
missionary. In October of that year Rev. Daniel Lane, v.ho had 
been a professor in Iowa Colle2"e. Orinnclj. and identified with 
CouLTCgatinnalism in Iowa for a quarter of a century, preached 
his sermon as a retrular pastor of the church on the 4th of 
that month. .Meetinirs had pi-evion^ly been held in the living 
rooms of Mr. and ]\[rs. J. P. Henry, then ovei" a drug store on ^Main 
sti-eet. but tlie first serr.ious were preached in the old school house 
ami tlie rjerman Evanfrelieal churcli, whicli had bc^cn formed in. 


1SG5. Serv-ices at the latter were held from January 20, 3867, to 
May 8. 1870, the Corig:regatiori;ilists occupying the church for one 
nit'eting eacli Sal'baih. 

The society purchased the lot owned by Mr. Hihbard on Third 
street in April, 1S61>, and the church erected thereon wa^i dedicated 
on Sunday. May 8, 1870. The edilicL' nc^w occupied was built in 
1905, under the pastorate of Rev. V. E. Uenry. A beautiful 
memorial pipe organ wa.s donated by jMr. and ^Iva. Charles A. 
Blossom. The value of the church property is about $15,000; 
membership nearly 200, and present pastor, J'.ev. F. E. Ileiiry. 

r. Lutheran and Evangelical Churches. ■ '■ 

The first services of the German Lutheran church were con- 
ducted at Luzerne by Kcv. ^\h\ Sella in 385G. A society was 
organized by Rev. J. F. Locsrhcr in 1859, but soon afterward it 
became almost extinct. It \vas revived and reorganized by Rev. 
Philip Studt in ]\Iarcli, 18GG, aud tlie corner stone of a church 
building was laid in September, 18GS, and dedicated July 7, 1872. 
A day school was opened by Rc\-. Mr. Studt in -January, 186G. Rev. 
C. A. Krog is now pastor of ihc chureh, vrhii-h is a substantial 
society. TJie parochial school has an average attendanc-e of 
seventy pupils. 

A cJuirch 01 tlie EvaugtJira] Association was organizpd .al-.out 
three miles soutlicast of Van lloiaie in 1SG7, Rev. Abraliam Lv^onard 
being its first pastor and thu name of the original charge. New 
Germany. In 1SS3 the headquarters of the society were moved 
to Van Home. Tliree ctiarges are now under the pastorate of 
Rev. Oswald iMehnert, their membership being: Van Home, 103; 
Striugtown, 37, and The Blui'l's, 5. 

The Bethany United Evangelical church of Belle Elaine was 
organized December 9, 1895, and was dedicated by Bishop R. 
Dubbs, D. D. Rev. Virgil Url)ina occupied tiie pulpit three yeai-s. 
and Rev. C. H. Stauffecher lins served as pastor for about four. 
The church has a membership of ninety. 

In 1895 tbe German Lutherans of Van Home organized a 
church under the pastorate of Rev. Ferdinand Reinhart, the tliirty 
members composing the societ\' now lieing in mini.Sierial charge of 
Ixev. 11. Reikowsky. 

St. Jol'.n's German Lutheran church of Keystone was organ- 
ized in 189C at the old school liousc. 1)\' Rev. Pliilip Studt. Tlie 
house of vrorship was erected Jn 189i.). Present pastor, Rev. G. 



Frankeii ; nionibersliip aliout thirty. 

There is a Norwegian Lutheran elmrch a short distance east 
of Not way, })ut it lias n;) settled pastor. 

Hkxtox Colxtv Sunday Scnooi. Assoc[.\tion. 

The i;en{(jn County Sunday School Assoeiation was formed 
Doeemlxn- 1, 1875. for the "more el'tieicnt prosecution of Sunday 
School woi-k in Beriton cninty.'' The first. otTieers were F. G. 
Clark, president; Kes'. S. Phelps, vice president; H. L. liassett. 
secretary; and K. \V. Barker, treasurer. :\riss Mary French, of 
]->IairstONvn. was secretary of the as.soeiation for eleven ^-ears. 
Present oflieers: President. F. G. Bryner. Vinton, Iowa; vii-e 
president. AV. Davis. Blairstn\ni; secretary and treasurer. Mrs. C. 
II. VanDusen, Vinton: assistant. Mrs. F. G. Bryner, Vinton; home 
departnienl. ?ilrs. F. 'M. Springsteen. Garrison; teacher training 
secretary. J']lla liieke. P>lairsio\vn : hon.--e to house visitation. A. K. 
Hife. Shellsburg. and ^\vs. Lenard. Van Home; temperance secre- 
tary. ^Frs. S. II. ;\letealf (Texas) ; mis.^ion secretary, C'ecelia Hol- 
ler, Van Home; and adult departnienl. J. E. McAIillan, Vinton. 

i- .r s, 

!:••■.. <^ ^\, 

I. M^». ( ..I 


h\\\ AND CRnrE. 

Benton Col'ntv Crkated Jldicjallv — Fikst District Col-kt 
Tkkm a "Fizzle"— Court Eeally Held— First Jcdici.u. Acts— 
p]xiT Judge Mitcuell — Second Session of District Court — Joel 
Leverich Eludes the Law — At Last, in the Court House — Ad- 
jouRxXED to ]3ryek Place — First Conviction of Croie — Hon. 
William Smythi;. District Judge — ''Dark Ages" of Benton 
County— The Iowa Protection Co-vh-any — Judge Carleton to 
the Rescue — Court x\gaix Held — Bill Against "'Uncle" Way 
— Scapegrace Berry Way — Farewell to I'ncle Tom Way — List 
OF District Judges — County Judge as Czar— First County 
Court Session — County Judges PJcild Court House — Circuit 
Court Established and Abolished— I^eading ^Jj-jmbers of the 
Bar — Governor Buren K. Shek-man — Wjllia.m C. Conneli. — 
Hon. AVilliam P. Whipple — 0. L. Cooper — J. J. Mosnat — Fiend- 
ish ]\luRDER IN Kane Townshh^ — Some Later Cimmes in "Hell-'s 
Acre" — The Novak Case. 

Law is supposed to conic to a eoniinunity wiih the advent of 
civil organization; but the two are not always contemporary. The 
moment half a dozen men are gathered togetlier on any frontier 
tiiey commeiii-e to oi'ganize, vote and hold ofiice. but they are not 
so read.'v' to sulmiit their differences, or quarrels, to judii-ial author- 
ity. They are moro likely to hold that courts and judges exist but in 
the statutes and to 1)^" a law unto tiiemselves — to oi'gauize Vigilant 
comiiiittees and appoint Judge Lynch to preside over theni. with 
the ritle and the rope as liis symbols of ot^ice. 

Benton County Cijeated Judkmaij.y. ... n. 

The act which provided for the organization of Benton county 
created it into a civil body from March ]. 184(). and constituted it 
a i>ortion of the third judii-ial disti-ict of Iowa territory. The 
clerk of the district court for the county i ap[)ointed by tlie judge 

281 ''" 


of tlie third territorial district) was ordered to call a special 
election for the first ^Monday of April, and he was to see that it v/as 
propcj-ly condartcd and that all other regulations were observed 
until the sherilT of the new county should be elected and assume 
these duties. Actions at law commenced in the district court of 
Liun county prior to the detaclnnent of Bejiton count}' from its 
tej-ritory ]March 1, 1846, were to be presented by the former as if 
"notiiiny had happoied;" but all crimes committed within the 
area of the new county prior to that date were to be under the 
jurisdiction of Benton county, i]i case proceedings had not already 
been commenced in the courts of Linn county. It was further 
provided that the commissioners to locate the seat of justice of 
Benton county were to meet at the office of the clerk of the district 
court, take their oaths and proceed to business. The county of 
Black Hawk was attached to Benton county, by the enabling act of 
184G, for "ele<-tion, judicial and revenue purposes." 

Vrilliam d. Berry was the first clerk of the district coui't of 
Benton county, although it does not appear that he was elected at 
the first polling- of votes for county offices ojj the first ^londay of 
April, 13dt6, and believed to have occurred at Parker's Gro-\e. 
A sheriff (John Royal) was, however, chosen to relieve him of 
some of his responsibilities. 

First District Court Term A "Fizzle." 

The first term of the district court was appointed to commence 
on the last ^Monday in August. ^S4S, another election for county 
oificers having been held on the first I\Lond;;y of the mouth ; but a 
clerk of the district court "w;»s not elected until the following 
March. Upon the day named daiacs Dov\-ns, the new sheriif. and 
ffonathan K. Pratt, district clerk j.uo tt-m. Vvith eiglileen grand and 
seventeen petit ju7-ors, assembled ;it the cabin of T'lomas Vray, two 
miles northeast of the present court house; but that was as far as 
the proceedings progressed for the holding of court, as Judge 
James Y^. Carleton, who was to have presided, did not put in an 
appearance. The clerk t}iereu])on jidjourned court initil the fol- 
lowing tlay. and as Judge Carleton still failed to keep his appoint- 
ment made the adjournment sine die. 

The state legislature (Iowa had become a state in December. 
3846) then took a hand and by act of Februaiy 17, 1847, provided 
that the county connuissioners should Jiame the place and time for 
holdintr the distrirt court. AlthouL-b there a c-ountv .seyt, no 


court house had yet been built; .so "Uncle Tommy" "Way's log 
house was again honored, and a ses.sion actually commenced May 
3U 1847. . ". : ■ 

Court Khallv ITKiiO. 

Present, his honor the judge, James P. Carleton of the fourth 
judicial district of the state of Iowa; James Downs, sherift'; Jaines 
Mitchell, prosecuting attorney, and Irwin I). Simison, clerk of the 
district couj'l. 

An account of the two days' session of the first district court 
lield in Pent on coiinty \\n^ wiitten. in detail, many years ago, and 
is given as follows : 

"AA'ay's cabin ^\•os in the midst of thii/k timber, and to make 
room foi- the august assenililage, ]\Irs. Way removed her pots, 
kettles and other household utensils to the shelter of a neighboring 
tree. Having done this, she cO'^Jly seated herself on a stuTnp near 
the oyicn door of the cabin, and gazed with respectful v.'onder at 
the collection of learned heads assembled within to administer the 
law to the backwoodsmen of Bentou county. The judge was 
perched on a three-legged stool, behind a rough deal table (the 
only one in the house) at the farther end of the little room. At 
the left of his honor, sealed on a low milk-beneh, with his books and 
papers spread out before him. was Simison. the clerk. There were 
also present. Norman W. Isbell (subsequently judge of the supreme 
court), Isaac N. Preston, John David, D. P. Palmer. John P. Cook 
and Stephen TVicher. members of the bar from other counties. 
P>enton county had no hiwyer then. 

"The court vras formally opened by the sheriff, and dispatched 
business with a rapidity that would startle some more modern 

"The grand jury summoned Avas sworn, as follows: Fielding 
Rryson, James Harmely. Joseph Pemington, John Bryson. Charles 
Craham. Stephen Brody, Jesse Bi-ody. Josiah Helm, David Jewell, 
William !\ritchell. Samuel ^I. Lockhart. James Polly. Chauncey 
Leverich, Anderson Amos. James 'M. Denison, Joseph Bryson, 
Lyman D. Bardwell and Samuel Stephens. Sanmel M. Lockhart 
was appointed foreman of the jury, which, aftej- being duly 
charged, retired to the timber 1o deliberate, in charge of Beal 
Dorsey. bailiff. 

"The firse case of entry is the state of Iowa vs. Joel Levericli. 
for passing countcrfcii money, which appears to have been trans- 


fori'od from Linn county, on chan.f^e of venue. Leverieh was a 
member of the baud of outlaws tluit infested this region at the 
time, and In- probalJy thon,L:ht that he cftuld get a good jury in 
r^entoii rounty. Thf' was continued to the next term, ho^A- 
evcr, and Uarland. Elijah Evans, Adison Daniels, Lowell 
DanicLs. X'athajiiel Chapman, Isaac 1). V^orral and John Perkins 
were held in $50 each to appear a.s witnesses. The accused was 
not present, and a capias was issued to tlie sheriff of Linn county 
for his arrest, returnable at the next terin of court. ^-Vnother in- 
dictiJient Joel ].ieverich for having counterfeiling instru- 
ments in his po.sse.ssion, was dispost^d of similarly. 

"On the second 6ay of the term, the case of Sanniel P^inley re". 
AVilliam ^^turgis. of Black Hav-k county, assumpsit damages 
$100, which was the fii-st civil case entered, was withdrawn by 
the plaintiff, having been amicably settled by tlie pai'ties. 

"On June 1st. the second day of the tei'm, William Smyihe 
(afterward presiding judge of the sanic court) was lianging around 
the .door of the court cabin, waitiijg for admission to the bar. 
The court appointed [Messers. Preston, Da^-id Isbcll and Palmer 
a committee to forth\vith examine the Scdd Smythe as to his pro:;- 
ciency in the law, with instructions to report the result. The 
committee, with Smythe in charge, retired to the timl.L^r to discuss 
matters and things in geuej-al, and incidently Smythe 's legal 
knovrledge. AUov.-ing a proper time to elapse, the conunittee, arm 
in arm with Smythe returned into conit and reported; vrhereupon 
William Smythe, was duly sworn and admitted to practice in 
the courts of Iowa. Smythe remembered what was expected of 
lii)n when court adjourned. 

"Jarncs ]\ritchell. prosecuting attorney, made application fur 
admis-^ion to the bar, and ^Tessrs. Prc.ston. Palmer, Tsbell an-: 
David wei-e appointed to examine him. They reported that the 
legal attainments of the applicant were not such as to warrant lii.- 
admis.sion, and his application was denied. 

"Immediately aftej-ward. Stephen Holeomb asked leave te» 
file infoi'mation in the nature of a quo warranto against James 
]\Iit<-hell for intruding into the orilce of pro.secuting attorney. 
Leave was granted an.d the ne<-e.ssaiy papers were issued and 
served. ^ilitchell was s\unmoned aiid api^cared before the court by 
himself and liis attorney, I. ^L Preston. The relator. Holcomb. 
appeared by Palmer & Isl.ell, his attorneys. Both parties waivexl 
a jury and after a hearing the court ledd that ]\rit<-hc|] was uuilty. 
as charged, of intruding into the ofiice of prosecuting atlorney. and 


Ihat ho, tlip said Mitelipll, should be ousted therefrom. But IIoI- 
comb, who expected to succeed the ousted officer, was disappointed, 
foi-, wliile lie recovered liis costs — -taxed at ^l.^'i 1-2 — the court 
hehl that the relator was not entitled to the office, and appointed 
I. ]\r. Preston to fill tlie vacaucy. 

"The court adjourned Januai-y ], 1847. having been in ses- 
sion two days, and ]\Irs. Way resumed sway over her natural 
domain. ' ' 

F]RST Judicial Acts. 

It apjicars fi'oiii early records that the first judicial procecd- 
in<;-s in J^enton county were transacted by this same James [Mitchell, 
who was afterward refused admission to the bar and ousted from 
the office of proserutint: attorney. On ^[ai-ch D, 184-7. he was 
solemnly sworn in as "jud.iie of probate." and ten days afterward 
adjudicated upon tlh- estate of AYifliam Carter, htte of township 8"!. 
range 10, by appointing Ii-win J). Simison, adminislrator. and John 
llendoj-sliot. Clunles Cantouwine and George Cantonwine. apprais- 
ers. Tlie latter presented theii- itemized report on the 2nth of 
jMan-h and asserted that the "total amount of the liole inventory" 
was ^2:V2. 'Mr. Ilendershot appears to have been a very close 
friend of the deceased, as witness the bill which he rendered to the 
estate : 

St.vte or Iowa, Benton Coukty, 
William Carter, Dr. 

To Jolni Ilendershot. August, 1846 
To boarde three vreeakes. when sick at my house $ ^.00 

For work done and debt paid for said Carter to Green 5.00 

For expence of keeping and waiting, and attending on .said 

Carte-r in his laste .sii-kness, in 1847 15.00 

Hole amounte $26.00 

Exit "Judge" James ^Mitchell. 

The second and last act of James ^Mitchell as probate judge 
was the appointment of Jackson Taylor, of Black Hawk county. 
as guardian of Lydia Ann Willard. But Mr. :yiit<hell seemed tn 
never know when he was beaten, for he was a candidate for prose- 
cuting attorney at the special electioji held April 28, 1847, and 


although, on the face of the retiinis, Stephen Iloleomb beat him by 
two votes— ] 9 to 21 — ]\Iitcht.41 sueeessfnlly rontested the election, 
but was ousted from office at the ^lay term of court as already 

I). S. l^att. former clerk of the coiiimissioner.s' court, sue- 
ceetled the latter as jH'obate judge. The first act of the new in- 
cumbent, wliich is dated ]\]arch 22. 1S4S. wiis the appointment of 
Sanmel ]\1. l.ockhart as administrator of the estate of P. J. Eigaiid. 
who had been a candidate fo)- the office of prosecuting attorney 
in the preceding year. Every few months there was a change in 
tlie otlice of prosecuting attorney. John Ah^xander being the in- 
cumbent when the district court met for the second term at Thoma.s 
Way's house. April 24, 1848. 

;.j,,. . Second Session' of the Districj; Court. 

Judge Carleton presided ^v•ith John Royal, sheriff, and I. D. 
Simisoii, clerk, and the court records show that I. ]\I. Preston. S. A. 
Bes.sell, William Leffmgwell and WJlham Smythe ^-^•ere present as 
attorneys. The named, afterward district judge and con- 
gressmen, had been more fortunate than Mr. jMitchell at the first 
session of the court, since the connnittee appoiriled to examine into 
liis fitness for admission to the bar (.Messrs. T. ^l. Preston. N. W. 
I.sbell and D. P. Palmer) had passed him. 

The second grand jury was impaneled as follows: John S. For- 
syth (foreman). T. ]'.. Sftenccr, Jacob Remington. Samuel Osborn. 
Joseph Bryson. Beat L)orse\'. Charles Cantouwine, Loyal F. North.. 
George CantouMine. AYilliam Ball. Stedman Penrose. ]^[ichael Can- 
touwine, Ja<'ob Cjantonv.-inr\ Klias 11. Keyes. ^Michael Ziinmerman 
and Frederick Zinunerman. The jury ""retired to the timber" for 
consnhatiou in charge of the biiiliff. David S. Pratt. A petit jury 
was also impaneled. i, \ •! "i 

Joel T;EVef-jici] Eledes the Law. 

At this term the indictment against that slirewd and seasoned 
outlaw, Joel Leverich. for pas.sing counterLcit money was quashed. 
and the jury ff.und liim not guilty even on the count of having 
counterfeiting implements in hi'^ possession. 


At Last ix thio Colrt House. 

When tlio third term of the district court assembled September 
18, 1848. rlie log walls of tlie neM- court house liad arisen, but no 
roof h;id yet been provided. But to carry out the letter of the 
law it was tlioutrld ].) to liold court in the official county house. 
So a seat was made for Judrre Carleton in the roofless enclosure 
by placing a board across one corner in the crevices between the 
logs. . 

• t. . . Adjol'rned to Dkyj:k Place. 

Court was opened, but altliough the presiding judge had been 
provided v.ilh a roof formed of boards, thriLst into the chinks over 
his head, the rain which came up was so searching that an adjourn- 
ment was taken to "William Davis' cabin on section 15, where the 
remaining business of the tei-m was transacted. The accommoda- 
tions f ra-nished the grand jur^inen v\-ere better than those provided 
by the ''open timber." since a log blacksmith .shop in the vicinity 
was thrown open to tliem. 

First Convjctiox for Crime. 

At this term John Lewis received thrre hundred dollars from 
Samuel K. Parker for slander and Charles Ilinkley. who had been 
tried for arson, was sentenced to pay a fine of one cent and be 
imprisoned in the state ])enitentiary for one year. This was the 
first convictioTi for a criminal ofi'ense in the county. 


Judge Carleton 's service as district judge in Benton (ounty 
included the September term of 1853, and William Smythe suc- 
ceeded him in October of that year; but no court was held in 
Benton county from Sej^tember. 1848. to June, 1851. In the mean- 
time countei-ff'iter.s, horee thieves and lynchers had held the center 
of the stage, particularly in the nortlieastern part of Benton 
county, known as Egypt or Hell's Acre. To be even more precise, 
the darkest spot was in the eastern portion of Benton township, 
about three miles east of old Benton City and about the same 
distance northeast of Shell.sburg, near the Linn county line. There 


in a dei)s(' tiiubcr c-ountry. tliievrs. inurderers, and all utliFr varie- 
ties ()f oullav.s secreted tluniLselves, and for years did not seek 
saftHy in vai)i. 

•'PaI;K AgKs" OK ]->EN'10X COI.'N'J'V. ■ ■ ". 

In .the early thirties a band of outlaws, headed by the Brodys. 
were driven by "regulars" from Ohio to Steuben ooiinty. Indiana: 
theuee to Ogle county. Illinois, and h) 1839 a renniant of the origi- 
nal l)<'!nd crossed the Mississippi river and settled in the valley of 
the Red Cedar. John Brod\' and his soils. Jolm. Stephen, William 
and Hugh, were among the fii-st to locate in Linn county during 
that year, wliere their houses became refuges for their aceomi»liees 
in villains'. In 1843 Stei>hen. Jesse and Hugh Brody and David 
Wilson (whose brother had been shot by a posse of settlers in 
Delaware county) located in Benton county. Hugh is said to have 
been the only decent Brody in the county, and even lie would sorae- 
times uo b;iil for his disreputable brothers. In Linii county Joel 
Level ich (whom the reader has already met as a tried and dis- 
charged counterfeiter) was a leading spirit of mischief and crime 
and Clia\incey Leverich. whei l)uilt the tirst cabin on t!ie present 
site of Vinton, was also generally suspected of being one of the 
gang, who operated for more than ten yea)-s through Cedar. Linn. 
Benton and other counties, liorse stealini: became so connncji that 
a nuui who owned an aninuil )iever presumed to leave him over 
night in an unlocked stable, and in many cases the owners of horses 
slept in their stables with rifles by their sides. 

Tin: Iowa I'l.-oTLC'no.v Co.n:pax>". 

The "dark aces'' of Benton county comprise tlie period from 
1848 to 1851. dui'ing which no co\iri was held. Hoi-s(> thieves and 
other criminals Mwed both citi/^'iis and courts and deiied the otti- 
i-ers of the law. The organization of citizens who attempted to 
regulate things, especially to stamp out horse .stealing, was called 
the Iowa l^'rotection Company. It was composed of about fifty 
good .itizrns of the county, who were as nuieh opposed to lynch- 
ing as to thieving, and they had J. S. For.syth as their president. 
Eli.jah Evans as secretary and Ceorge McCoy as treasurer. The 
first article ainiounced that '"the o]).iect of this society shall be 
to protect the properly of the members of this company, and 
pjirticularly their horses, from tlie deiwedations of robbers and 


thieves, and also to trace out the itei'petrators of thefts, rescue and 
restore projx-rty stolen, ami assist in a (hie and faithful adminis- 
li'ation of \:[\v -.xnd justice." The re^'ular meetinir of tlic society 
was the "Saturday before the fu]l of the moon." The Iowa Pro- 
tection C'ltnipaiiy mt Judge l,yncli out of business and made it 
impo.ssible for tiie outlaws themselves to ])0se as re,2:nlalor.s. winch 
they had often done during the worst of the dark ages in Hell's 


The ruling spirits of the Towa Protection Society, controlled 
by "Sir. Forsyth, also bent their enej-oies toward the re-establish- 
ment of the district court. It was of the first im]>ortance to find 
a reliable elerk of the court, as in the early years of the county 
organization he was really its most important executive. Dr. C. 
"\V. P>ni]'uni. who had bec!j elected to that office in August, iSoO. 
was forced tu icsiLiO by his sureties because of his dissipated 
habits. ]]e ste}>ped out of oflnce in ^Fareh. 1851. and numerous 
papers dJ.>apj)eared \\iT}! iniu. such as indictments and other pro- 
cesses against his friends. Tie had left tlie county record^, bonds 
and other pui)lii' pajn-rs in a vacant house, the papers disappearing 
shortly after Dr. P)utTuin"s ciiforced lesignation and a shoi't time 
before the time appointed for a term of court. Sul)sequently the 
docket was fou.nd. but minus all the ]>ages which had any i-efer- 
ence to the clerk's ofticial bonds or cases against any of his 

Judire Carleton had made si-veral unsucces.sful attempts to 
reach Benlon eou.nty fc'i- Die pur])')se of liolding coui't. altliough 
it was geiiei-.illy understoo^i that he would do so at hi.s ]iersonal 
lisk. P>ni the people felt that the time had come to assert the 
}>ower of the civil eiiurts. and ([uite a gathering of citizens as- 
sembled at Marysville (rrliana). soon after the disappearance of 
the court r"ci.rds. and ado])ted the following addj-ess: 

"To th' Hon. JoiiKs CiirJcIo)!. Jndqr of fJir Fourth Judicial 
l>islricf of fhf State of lou-u -. 

"We. the undersigned, citizens of Benton county, would beg 

leave to inform you of our present situation, which is anything 

but enviabl'>. owins: to the manairement of some of our citizens. 

We have not. as you know, had any coui't hei-e for nearly three 

Vol. 1—19 


yeare, and the officers who would do their duty, cannot. If a 
judgment is rendered, it is taken to tlie di^trict court, there to 
remain for years. And to caj) all. ten days before court was to 
have been lield in Bcjilon cvunty. the derk resigned without hav- 
ing the cases docketed, and left tlie d'-eket and papers so that the 
most important parts have been slolen ;uk1 coiiceaied or destroyed, 
and vvlien we attempt to inquire into the matter we are answered 
with taunts. We are completely Avithoul law. Eonest men are 
kept out of their just rights. Besides that, there arc acts of the 
basest character perpetrated with impunity, and the guilty parties 
cannot be bronglit to justice. We hnvo done all we could to have 
a better state of affairs. We have hoped for the better. We have 
borne it with all the patience we were masters of. But there is a 
point beyond vvhich forbearance ceases to l)e a virtue, and we are 
conscious that we lia\-e reached that point. We are a law-abiding 
people. We love our countr>' nnd love to sustain the laws; but \\-e 
are as a liranch cut off frun. thr vine, and must witlier without 
nourislnnent. We know of none to ap])ly to but yourself. We 
call on you by nil th;il is good, by all tiKit binds man to his fellow- 
men, to assist us if it is in your power; if not, to inform us where 
we can get our grievances addressed. If we are left as we are. we 
know not what may be the result. It may lead to mob violence, 
which we detest. 

"Signed by .1. S. Forsyth and many others." 

Court' Held. 

It is said that the very next mail ])rought letters from Judge 
Carletou, assuring the people that hr- would be at the court 
house, Vinton, on ili. ISth of Jut^o. prejiared k) o])eu court aud 
assist in reorganizing the county. And he vras tliere on time, al- 
though he v>as nearly drowned while cru.ssing Prairie creek. With 
him also came 1. M. Prest.m. of Marion, long the Xestor of the 
bar; X. W. Isliell. who afterward served br>th on the district and 
supreme court benches, and Wm. Sm\-the. his successor as disti-ict 
judge. Judge Carleton in eoui-t ; so was Sheriff C. C. 
Charles; but Irwin D. SiTuison. the clerk elected in April, had been 
so intimidated by tlie lawless sot that he had not qualified. After 
earnest persuasion h<^ was induced to accept and was sworn in. 
As tlie prosecuting attorney had also failed to report, ^Iv. Isbell 
was appointed as a temporary substitute; a gnind jury was im- 
paneled, and court was really and ti-uly opeiiod, notwithstanding 

llISTOkV OF BKNTOX COUNTY 291 JiKl.v'e C'cirloton had been wanied that the county oiillcers 
weiv ill lea -,'110 witli thieves and onthnvs, and that it would be 
impt'ssibk' to hold court, oi- al least to aet an honest jury, at any 
plaee but ^larysville. tlie head(iuart'^rs of tlie Regulators, or the 
law'-and-oi'dei- party. 

Bill Against "Vschi:" Way. 

The grand .jury was called and sworn, in spite of all threats, 
its ijiembers consisting of the following: James Rice (foreman). 
David S. Brubaker. Lyman 1). Bovdwell. Abraham Garrison. 
(Tiarles Epj)ersi)n. Albert JohnsMn, II. ?^[ah;!3]. James F. Young. 
John Royal (ex-sherift'K James -lohnson, Thi^mas Dmlgeon. Samuel 
Osborn. Charle.^ X. ^Moberly. Samuel Alexander. Joseph Remington. 
James AT.Mickle. Elijah Evans and Fleming Saijders. Not\nth- 
standing the riiutilation of th*' court ducket the jury found a num- 
bei- (if bills, one of which \^■as ludurfd against open-hearted Uncle 
Tojn AYay for selling liqnor to the Indians. Undoubtedly, like 
many other early pioneei-s, Vv wa> tei-luiically guilty, although his 
more nsua.l custom was to otfer liis jug and his larder freely to 
i"ed man and white, minister or lioi'se thief, bond or free. AVhile 
he lived in the country the log liousr of ^Ir. and ^Irs. AYay was 
open to all. and this large hearted sociability and liberality more 
tliau once thi"ew a susi)icion ovei- the character of Uncle Tom that 
he was a real pal of tlie outlaws himself; but the cloud never rested 
on the good old man over night. As testified to by his old neighbor 
and friend. ^Ir. Rice, the foi-eman of the grand jury, which re- 
establi.slied law in Benton comity. Thomas Yray was "one of the 
most charitable, oi)en-hearted. generous men I ever knew.'" He 
v.-a.s one of the cliara'-ters of these limes who lightened and bra-'-ed 
the hearts of tlic pioneers and iielpcd to lift them bravely over 
Ihcir hardships and dangers. •. ■ . .. ■ , 


But Uncle Tom had a son lierry. and he was a horse thief 
and desperado : also the cause of the which the grand 
jtiry placed against the father. DurinL-- the election of 1840 Berry 
"Way assaulted Tom Kendrick and nearly killed him. He was 
arrested and taken ])efore Justice Cox. of "Marysville. with whom 
Uncle Tom arranged to allow his wayw;ird son to ]ilcad iruilty and 
pay a line of five dollat-s and costs, a goodly portion of whicli was 


to go into the pockets of the squire as fees. Justice Cox assessed 
tlie fine .'trcnrdin^ly ami aei-epted. in payment, c-oiinty warrants 
at tlieir face value, tliiulrini!.- that they \\ould be readily received 
by the commissioners of the school fund to Vvhom they were legally 
paid. Bui when lie tendered them. Commissioner E. 11. Kcycs re- 
fused to ta!-;e warrants at fnll ^■a]lle v,]iicli he could sell for only 
about thirty cents on the dollar, and demanded ,i^ood yellow gold. 
Thereupon Justice Cox ^^•as -wrotli. He paid the gold into the 
scliool finid. but. as he considered tliat T'ncle Tom was responsible 
for his loss, he made the comjilaint against him of sellijig litpior 
to the Indians whicli the grand .inry voted as a true bill. 

F.\RF.^Vll;Ll, TO T'XCLE To.M AVay. 

Uncle Way was arrested, as a Tuattei- of form, and there was 
a geneial stam}")e(le among his neiglibors to see who could first 
get on liis bail bond. iJeiore the day fixed for the trial, the follow- 
ing yenr, h'' had decided to go to California and his family had 
ali-eady started. Unci.' Tom was ready to remain and be tried, 
but his friends urged him to leave, feeling certain that the charge 
against liim would liold and agreeing to ])ay his bail. He started, 
but, to the suryjrise of his neighljors. on the day fixed for l)is trial 
he rode u}) to the court room and dismounted from his horse. 
being convinced, he said, tliat he would l)e acquitted. 

On tlie ti'ial. tli'- ]U'ii;eiy,al v.-itness appeai-ed to have had a 
complete of memory and the jury disagreed. James Harlan, 
then prosecuting attorne>', bci-aine convinced that Way could not 
be convicted, and suQge.^ted to the court an assessment of the costs 
against tli.- dt'i'endaiir. Uncle Tom aci'eed to this, j.aid over abmv! 
tliirty dollar--, monnli'd ];is hoi-se. wrung th(^ liands of his wann 
friend.--. wlu> had gat]>er'cd around him. bade thi-m a husky good- 
])ye. and rode away, never more to be seen in lU'uton county. 

' ' '• The District .Iidces. ■ . . 

When Judge Carleton retired from tlie bencli of the fourth 
judicial district in Ot-tober, U^^o:]. the courts were again established 
institutions of the eouiit>'. Wm. Smythe. wlio succeeded him in 
Benton count\', was apjxiinted judge of the entire disti'ict. in the 
following April. He held his first teim in I^.enton county in May. 
1854, ami his last in September, 1856. i-esigning at the beainrunir 
of the folh.wing year to take his seat in tlic natituial house of re]>- 


reseiitatjvcs. lie was succcecled by Isaac C<iok, of Marion, also 
oi Ihe foiirtli district, who hcUl liis fir>,t leriii in tlic county in 
Apri), iNoT. and conliuncd to hold coiu't until tlio creation of the 
oiirhtfi judicial district in 1S5S. 

.rndi::e O. ^I. (lih-lirist lias continued the liistory of tlie district 
court in lient'in county in the follow irjg words: "In the fall of 
1S5S AVilliani E. ]\lillcr was elected judge of the new eiglith judi- 
cial district, and he held his first term in the county in the .spring 
of 1859. and his last tcrui in tlh' spriiej of 18G2. The September 
terni, lSr)9. wa.s held by John F. Dillon. X. W. Isbell succeeded 
hiui. and held liis tii'st teri:!i in the ct>unty i]i Se^ilerubei", 1SG2, and 
his last in February. 1864. Judg'e Miller is bcttei- known as one 
of the supreme court judges. C. II. Conklin was appointed to 
Isbell's vacancy in September. 186-1, and he held his first term in 
the county in Septemljcr of that yeirir. and his last in Sejttember 
follon-iijg.resigjiing November 15, 1865. N. ]\. Hubbard was op- 
pointed liis successor, and held two tii'j-jns iji tlie courdy, the spring 
vnd fall terms of 18GG. In this fall James II. Kothrock was 
elected, and held all om- courts from the spring of 1867 until 
November, 1875. about v.liich tiiue he was appointed to the supreme 
bench, and was succeeded by Col. Jolui Shaiie, who held his lirst 
tcj'm in the county in tlie s])ring' of 1876. and the last one in 
March, 1SS2. In the sunnrici- of this year he suffci'cd from a stroke 
of paralysis, and nevei' after \v>}<, nhle to command woiuls in whirh 
to txi)ress himself, though he li\ed for years and was apparently, 
as well as ever in other respects. 

"Jame.s J). Giftin succeeded Judge Sluine and held his first 
term in tlie county in ?Jai'.-h. 1S8;1. jnid Ids last one in October. 
1886. l)ut continued on tin- b<--iu-h in the new Liiiu dislriei for some 
\'eai's after. In the Jiew seventeentli judieinl district, fornied about 
this time, were cD.mprised oidy th.e counties of r>euton and Tama. 
Tlie first election resulted in favoi- of L. G. Kinne, 
of the political upheaval that two years made Horace Boies gov- 
crnoi". Judge Kinne 's first term in the i'0unt\' was in ]\Iarcli. 
18S7, and his last for that judicial icnn was in the fall of 1888. 
About January, 1889. (i. M. (Jilchrist was appointed to fill the 
vacancy created by Kiinie's resignation to become editor of a 
])aper in I)es ]\Ioines. But the new work did not- suit him and. 
giving it up. he returned to Toledo, and in the fall of 1889 became 
a candidate for the remainder of tlie term, and was elected over 
G. M. (I'ilrlirist l»y a few votes. Hence Gilchrist held only two 
tei'ms in the co\inty. nuc ui 1lie spT'lntr and the other in the fall. 


wliile Kimie held thosf foi' 1890 and ]S91. In November of the 
last year Judge Kiniie \va.< ele-'ted to the supreme bench, and his 
phii-e was lilied by anotiii'j- demoi-i-at. John R. Caldwell, who held 
ail the terms of eourt in the county for the years 1S92-3 and 4." 
In tlio fall of 1904 George AV. Buruham was elected to the district 
beurh. The general ele.-ijon of 1906 resulted in the choice of C. 

B. BradshavN-. of Toledo, and John ]\L Parker, of MarslialltOAwi. 
the latter taking the place of Obed Casv.eil, deceased. 

Coi'xi Y Judge as Czak, or Tsar. 

By legislative act of Pebruai-y 5. 1S51, the office of county 
judge was i-reated and the board of county commissioners abol- 
ished, l^y law the new oflicial was invested with their functions 
and with probate powfi-s as well, and during the nine years' life 
of tlie couniy judgeship it.s incumbent w;is supreme in county 

J(ihn S. Forsyth v,as the lirst county judge, being chosen in 
the August ele*-tJiin of thrit year, and the first record in his books 
was a nuirriage issued to Lewis Ferguson and Rachael 
Phidela Jewel on the 19th of thai month. Theirs was also the first 
mari'iage recorded in the couiity records. 

FiKtT Col N TV Court Sk^^siox. 

Judge Forsyth opened his first term of court in tlie unfinished 
coiu't house November 3. 18.")], with G. W. Vardaman iis clerk ami 

C. C. Charh'v. sheritT. An adjournment was soon taken to the 
sherilf's which was ix.orr comfortalik-. and the eourt ordered 
that ]. ^1. Presion be paid one hundred dollars for his services 
as {)ru'se,-u,ti!u;' a"toi-n.\v fro-ii In cumber ]9. lS4o. to April 10, 184S. 
and that Nornian ls))ell be paiil thirty doUar^ for services rendered 
at the spi:>cial Term of tlu^ district court in ISol. 

• . , Cor.XTY Jl DoF.S Bl ILI^ COIKT llOU-SE. 

The old JOi: court license was liurncd in .January, 1853, after 
beintr occu))ied as a store, a school, court room, county head- 
(puirti'i's and "what not," and then came the issuing of 
.$14,000 bonds. Ilieir negotiation by Dr. Traer and purchase at par. 
by (rrci-n Oc I'-i-otlur of Ce<lar Rajuds. The county judge contrac-ted 
with the builders, paid them and was altOLrether the business agent 


in the entire construction of the court house. E. E. Downing 
was the chief contractor, and threw up his $7,000 job in a huff 
because .TudLre Forsytli \voli1(1 not allo\\- him to draw money cou- 
sideriil)ly faster than he earned it. 

The court house was therefore no further alon.y than it-s 
foundation when Samuel Douglas su-'ceeded Judge Forsyth in 
August, ]855. The new judge fonnally annulled the Downing con- 
tract, advertising for new proposals, -with the stipulation that ''a 
moderate portion will be advr'need as the work progresses." In 
about a year the second couil house, a two story brick structure, 
was completed under the energetie supervision of Judge Dougla.s. 
He was not even a lawyer, but was a man evidently of good inten- 
tions and considerable ability. He lield the office of county judge 
until it was abolished July 4, ISfiO. The county judge of the pres- 
ent has the usual ])owers. 

Says Judge Gilchi'ist: '"In the days that the county judge 
was Tsar in county matters, it i- ro?.amonly understood that 
Samuel Douglas luid things as he w;inl('d them and did much as 
he pleased. No one thinlcs he grafted, except in so far as his bank 
could njake money buyiiig warrants and the county had no funds 
to pay until so bought. Otherwise liis administration was clean. 
as M'as that of his predecessors. Douglas was a democrat and a 
leader of his party. Tom Dmnnnoud Mas tlie leader of the repub- 
licans. These two were expected by the people to antagonize each 
other, and it is said tliat after some of their 'meetings' on the 
streets, and while the air was yet blue with their vituperation of 
each other, they werf in the hojnc of Douglas strenu'thening tlie 
inner ri:an and theii" real friendship. 

''Then came the days when tiie county judge was shoi'n of 
all povrei's except ir. inatters of probate. John ^McCartney filled 
the office for a time, but no one has ever found any of the records 
he made. The last county judge G. M. Gilchrist, legislated 
out as judge and in as auditor. These probate judges seldom 
had an attorney to a})pear before them. They were their own 
clerks, and made out most of the reports required from guar- 
dians and administrators. Fully advised of every step taken in 
any matter of probate, it is questionable if they did not administer 
such matters in a belter and much n;ore econom.ical way than is 
done today, and at much less expense to the public." 



A legislative aet of April 3. 1868. abolished the probate judge 
system aud establislied the eireiiit court, providijig for an election 
of judges in OrfolH-r and an assnni{)iion of their duties in January 

I, 18G9. The act gave to the eireuit court, exclusive jurisdiction 
nf all probate business, and also of all appeals from justice, mayors, 
a7id all other inferioi- courls. either in criminal or civil cases. 
Benton county was includi-d in tlie lirst circuit of the eighth judi- 
cial district. 

Tlie first term of the circuit coui't was opoied January 19, 
1869. by linn. William E. Milh-r, of Iowa City; TIenry :\I. Wilson, 
sheriff, and. B. 1\. Slicrman, clerk. Judge ^filler served until the 
(•Jose of the X'ovonb'^-r term of 1870. aud was succeeded by George 

II. Stridile. of Toledo, in January. 1871. who continued on the 
ben'-h until llu- --los.; of the August term. 1872. 'William .1. Ilacl- 
ock. of lov.a City, filled out the remainder of the year by appoint- 
ment and -lohn .McKt-an. of Anajiiosa, who was elected in the fall of 
1872.continu"d until the close of 1880. The last circuit judge to 
hold court in Bputou county was Clu'istian AV. Hedges of ilarengo, 
vrho Avas iipo7i til'- bcnr)) wIud the office was abolished in December, 

'■ ' ' LEAn!X(; I\lK.^!IU::K.-; of tt^ie Bar. •'■ ' • • . 

^leiition has already been made of such early members of the 
l)ar as I. ^\. Preston. X. W. Isftell and Wm. Smythe. "A little 
later when the ccii>ity was rapidly growing more po])uious, such 
men as Colonel Sliane. Joseph Dysart. dohn ]>rcCartney and C. H. 
Conkliu became le.embers of th.e bar. These, as most men know. 
v>ere men i.f high rliaracter and fine l(?gal ability. Two of them 
graced tic- disti-ict court bench and one Avas lieutenant governor. 
This one thouch fit to pn^side over the senate of the state, was not 
able to govei'n his temper at all times, for on one occasion he de- 
stroyed a law on the pate of opposing counsel. But he is 
not the only one g\iilty of conten)pt of court in that way, for oar 
amiable, even tem]>ered Al Haines, on one occasion belabored Mr. 
Cody, the opposing altorney. for some insulting remarks and at an- 
other time (t. M. Gilchrist, only to aid the court in the enforcement 
of re[)eated rulings disregarded, threw an ink stand into the 


breast of the dc'lin([Ueiit atluriiey. In none of these eases, however, 
did the court impose any penalty foj- these rude shocks to its 
diguit}-." , 


The bene-h and bar of J^entuD county includes among- its most 
distinguished and honored members Buren R. Sherman, twelfth 
governor of Iowa, who served the state with marked ability and 
fidelity for two terms, fron) 1882 to 18SG. He is the only chief 
executive of the Hawke\e slate to he furjiislied by the county, 
albeit there may be others on the way. Buren Robinson Sherman, 
who was a resident of Vinton for about forty-five years. wai> a 
native of i^helps. Ontario county. New York, where he was born 
^fay 28, 1 886. coming with his parents to Tama county in 1855. 
His earlier years as a youth and youni,' man v\-ere devoted to the 
woT-k of assisting his father in the homestead improvements, only 
his odd. or ''left-over" moments, being applied to his law studies. 

Admitted to the bar in 1859, Mi-. Sherman had but fairly com- 
menced practice at Vinton before he enlisted for service in the 
Civil war. He was severely wounded at the battle of Shiloh, and 
as a reward for his good eonduct was advanced to the rank of cap- 
tain. He resigned from the service in 1SG3 on account of failing 
health, and after his retui-n home was elected to the office of county 
judge, and later, clerk of the district court. ]\Ir. Sherman was 
elected to the office of auditor of state in 1874. v»hich position he 
held for three successive terms. lie was elected governor of Iowa 
in 1881, entering upon tlie duties of his office the following January, 
and two years later succeeded himself as chief executixe. The 
last yeai-s of liis life were spent in com}):irative retirement at his 
luune in Vijiton. where his death occurred November 11, 1904. 

However agreeable, it would be far beyond the limits of 
this article to mention in detail the -numerous membei-s of the 
Benton county bar wlio luive nuule honoj-able records for them- 
selves on the bench and in public life. Besides those who have 
already fiunred niay !<e mentioned .J. C Truer-, member of Iowa's 
first constitutional convention, banker and leading citizen of Vin- 
ton; C. H. Conklin, S. T. Vanatia; C. V.'. Sells and Cato Sells, 
father and son; \V. A. Tewks})ury. a higlily educated and eloquent 
lawyer whose mental gifts might have placed him at the head of 
the early bar; Robert St. Clnir, Alfred Haines. George Scrimgeour; 


John D. Nil- hols, who entered the state seuate four yeai*s after his 
admission to the bar and still stands aiuout^- the foremost of the 
criTuirial huvyers of the county; Hon. \Yil!iani P. AYliipple, perhaps 
altogetlier the leading attorney of today ; E. F. Brown, his son-in- 
law, county attorney, and M. .!. Toljin, who formerly held that office ; 
'J'oni H. :\Jilner, C. YY. E. 8iiyd::r, Cliju-les F. Stookey. Cliarles I. 
Vail, P. IE E\T3ch, and — the temptation is too strong not to unite it 
— ' ' ad infmi turn. ' ' 

William C. Oonnell. ..; 

Among the pioneer members of the Benton county bai-, and who were most instrumental m maintaining the local reputa- 
tioD of Vinton for staueh patriotism during the Civil war, was Wil- 
liam C. Connell. \Vith Captain Hunt, he was cliiefiy instrumental 
in raising Company G, Fiftli Iowa Y'olunteer Infantry, the fii-st 
organization formed iri Benton county fin- the Union cause. Al- 
though commissioned fii-st lieutenant by Governor Kirkwood. he 
was con).pelled to resigu. He stauelily uplield the cause at home, 
however, aiid was also dispatched to the front by the governor to 
take the soldiers' vote in Ihe field, both during 1862 and 1<S63. 
^Ir. Conjiell was born in Ripley couuty, Indiana, -luue IS, 1830. 
Soon after his marriage in I'einisylvania, he started for Iowa with 
his wife and brotlier-in-law. the financial backing of this enter- 
])rise, so far as he was concerned, being five dollars and forty-five 
cents in cash. The three journeyed l)y wagon and arrived at 
Benton county June 30. 1S54, ]\Ir. Connell 's capitaJ having been 
so wisely hus1)anded that wlien lie arrived upon the ground he had 
ten cents iji his jioi-ket. In the of iSa-l, lie located at Vinton 
and in the following year connneTiced reading la\v with, .ludge 
Shane, and was admitled to the bar in Ap]-il, 1857. .. ■•■ " ■ i 

Hox, WiLLL\.M P. Whipple. 

Of the active class of practitioners perhaps Mr. Whipple 
would be niore generally accorded the leadership than any other 
member of the Benton county bar, and among the yonr.ger men 
none are more able or popular than JudL'e E. F. Brown and ^I. J. 
Tobin. ^Ir. Whi])ple was born on his father's farm near Vinton, 
where he connneneed prai-tice 1!1il•ty-t^^■o years ago, and has been 
as.sociatcd with such men as Hon. Cato Sells, now of Texas; Judge 
G'. '^^. Gilchrist and Jiiilge E. F. Brown. He has served five teruLS 


in tlie state senate and the statute books bear numerous evidences of 
his altility, espoeially as re^rards the systematic reeuLition of its 
educational institutions. As conclusive proof of tliis statement 
and Senator Whipple "s general eminence as a lavryer and citizen, 
reference is made to bis more extended biography published in 
other ])ages. 

0. Ij. Cooper. 

Judge Shane's office seems to have been for many years a sort 
of kindergarten for the education of young aspiring attorneys of 
Benton county. Among the many who received the benefits of his 
kindness and wisdom was 0. L. Cooper, who came to Vinton in 1867. 
Two years later he married Judue Shan.e's daughter, Annie S.. and 
was admitted to th*^ b;ir in October, 1871. He was afterward 
associated with Judge Shane in the practice of the law initil the 
latter went on the beneli. and in January, 1878, becanie a pajtner 
of J. D. Nichols, under the firm name of Nichols and Cooper. 

■ J. J. MO.-NAT. 

J. d. i\losnat. one of the early attorneys at laAV. who located at 
Belle Plnine, was also one of the first of the educated and enter- 
prising Bohemians to locate in that city. Tie was boj'n in that 
country, September 28. 1849. and came to the United States with 
his parents when he was fourteen years of ace. The family 
settled at Weston, [Missouri, where they remained until 1862, when 
tliey moved first to Wi:-consin ;uid then to Ijelle Blaine. The 
year of his arrival at tliis place also ma)-ked his majority and the 
commencement of his law studies in the office of Johnson and 
Tewksbury. He afterward eontinued in the ]n\\ departmiCnt of 
tlie Iowa State University, from wliich he graduated in June, 1874. 
Mr. ^[osnat commenced practice in Octol>er. of that year, served as 
eity attorney, and. besides earning a fine ])racticc and profe.ssional 
reputation, became prominent in loc;d l)anking circles, serving for 
eleven years previous to his death in June. 1908, as vice president 
of the Citizens' National liank. 

FiHNDi^^iT M[-hd[:k IX Kane Towx^iiin. 

In November, ]'^74. Carl Alh-rs. a farmer living in Kane town- 
ship, suddenly and mysteriously disiippcjiriMl. Search was made 


for him at tlie time, hut no traces of the niissin;;: man ronkl be dis- 
eovered. Meanwiiile his nephew, Fred Allers. reiuniiied on the 
farm, and after the se;in-h was abandoned, quietly setth'd down to 

2»rore than three years passed, until, in the spi iny of 1878. a 
l)rother- of the missing man emph)yed a deteetive to asi-ertain his 
fate, if possibk\ The deteetive. A. II. Shoemaker, aiTived, and 
quietly eoiinjienced work. lie soon discovered cireumstanees "that 
pointed .strongly to the ne])hew as the murderer of his unele. lie 
wa.s arrested, brought to \'"inton and eonmiitted to tlu> city calaboose 
for examination, which was set f(»r Thursday, June 6. 1878, before 
^V. R. Keynolds .Sr., justice of tlie peace. 

between the time of the arrest and the day set for examination 
the German citizens in Allers' neighborhood worked themselves 
into a stale of excitement that threatened mi.schief to the aceu.sed. 
This excitement seemed to be much increased by the discovery (,. 
several forgeries and burglaries, which joointed an aeeusing fingei 
at him, in additiori to the foul nnu'der AAilh which he seemed to be 
justl\' charged. Some time in the night of ^Y'edupsday they came 
to Vinton, about a lanidred strong, witli the evident of 
meting out swift and eonrlign punishment upon tlie eulpi'it. Sheriff 
Smith, however, was advised of the moveinent, prepared for it. and 
there were no outward demonstrations. At the ])reliminary ex- 
aminalio]!. Nichols (S: Cooper ai)pearcd for the state and Traer & 
Hurnham and Tewksbury & AVorthen for the defense. Sheriff 
Smith, the first witness, testified, in substance, that the prisoner. 
Fred Allers. came to his ofiice with A. II. Shoemaker. May 28, ]?78, 
and said he wanted to talk to him (the sheritf ) alxnit his I'ncle Carl. 
lie said lie killed his uncle ;it his stable, eai'ly in tlie morning of 
Novembei' 25th, three yeais ago last fall, by striking him on the 
iiead with a hannner; that he covered tin; body witli straw, near a 
straw-stack, a sliort distan.ce from the house; that he then went ti; 
Belle i'laine with a load of vheat ; that on his return, about 1 
o'clock, he dug a hole near where the body had been concealed and 
buried it, touether ^\■ith his clothing, except a pair of lioots, which 
he, (Fredl afterward wwe out. The motive for killing his uncle 
he stated to be, that he owed him mojiey, above ^'200, which he 
could not pay. 

\V. 1j. Paimatei-, dei-uty sheriff, testified that on the morning 
of ]\lay 2i'th. he was one of a ])aity who went to thi' premises of 
Allers. in Kane town.sitip ; that he examined the ground indicated 
l)y Allers ;!s the place' where the body of his unele was buried; that 


on diuiz'ijiir a few iin-hes from trie snri'aco bo first discovered a 
small piece of bone: next. fi'aLnnents of clotbinj:'; on furtber dig- 
ginu'. a [)art of a sutcbol. i']<^tiiiii,Lr, a wati-b. scraps of leatlier. bones. 
ete., Avere found. 

Dr. C. C. Gritbn, one of tbe ])art\- in search of llie body, testi- 
fied to the tlndino- of the aitich^s mentioned l)y the former witness; 
he testified also that tbe bones were those of a human being; among 
thejn were tlic l)reast bone, collar lione. bones of one arm. bones of 
the Avrist. sjioulder l)ladc and vertebrae, also a part of a thigh bone. 

No witnesses were ijitT-odnced by the defense, no argiimeiit 
niade. and the fiend A\as comniitted to await triah 

Some Ijatkk Chimes ix "Hell's Acre." . , , 

Poi- sevei'al year.^. in the 'TOs. one ^Yilliam Hicks iind a fann'ly 
named Jones, had lieen held in bad repnte and suspected of being 
connected v.ith nun-h of the mischief and petty thieving that had 
])een going on in Hell's Acre for- years. T'nlike tlie outhiws of 
thirty \ears ago, wliose principal oeeui)ation was .stealing horses 
and passing counterfeit money, their successors M'ei'e in the habit 
of stealing anything they c(ndd get tlieir hands ui>o)i. Having 
tried tlte law as a i-cmcdy for these I'^'f'.^' ontrages and failed, the 
Kegiilafors determined to take tlie law into theii' own hands. 
Anonymous letters v^-ere sent to Hirl;s auvl Jones, ^val■ning them to 
flee fi-om the wrath to come, and leave the country, but without 
effect. The suspected parties continued to live in the neiglibor- 
hood, and still the petty depredations continued, until on ^londay 
night. July 10. 1ST8. a squad of persons unknown visited Hick's 
])ren)iscs and set on fire his tv.'o staliles and a small frame bnildin<j, 
neai- tlie cabin in wliieji he lived. Aroused l)y the iire. Hicks came 
o)it and was greeted with a volley of juuskelry. He was wounded 
iii tile head and riglit leg and f(Vit. but "broke" foi' the brush and 
made his e.seajx'. The Mgilantes then visited Jones and tired 
sevei-al volleys at the liouse. but failing to l)ring anybody out. they 
dispersed. After these demonstrations several susfiecled persons 
and families left ihv Red Cedar region. 

On Sunday morning. July 7. 1S7S. John Mason, who had long 
sustained a bad character, and well known to the officers of the 
law. was on his way fi-om Cedar Rapids lo the house of his si.ster, 
in lientmi fownsliip. Y'hen near ^lills Creek, he became alarmed 
b>- somethincr suspicious in the lirnsh. and leaped from the buggy. 
He was fired u])on by someone concealed in tlio woods, and fell 


mortally woinidcd. It is said thai ^Millard P. 'j'raey was about to 
tire at the luan atrain after he fell. l)ut was prevented by Ileni-y 
Fisher, and ?^lasoii was taken to I'^isht-r's house whore his wounds 
were dressed. He N\as tlieu ean-ied in a wa^^on to Tracy's house, 
aeeonipaiiied by (i. F. ^fcCoy and Charles Hanover. Between 
twelve and one o'eloek Sunday afternoon, the wounded man was 
lyiii^' on a bed in the southwest corner of the south room in Tracy's 
dwelliuLT. ]Iai:iover was sittiiiL'; on the east side of the room. 
Tracy and ^NTcCoy. it is said, were seated at a ta))ie on the north 
side of tlie noi'tli room. At this time a party of I'uffians, nuniber- 
ino: six or seven, disgrcised b\' wi-aring lioods drawn over their heads 
and coats tui-ned iiiside out. ai)peared at the door of the house. 
Tracy and ^h-Coy testified that the assassins fired a volley at them 
as they sat at the table, bul did not ijijnre them. However this 
may be. and their testimony is not I'ereived with implicit eredi'uce, 
the murderer.s jvissed into the south room to the bedside of ^Nlason, 
and pei'foratcd his bod\ uit.h bullets. Five v;ounds at least, any 
one of which would have proved fatal, were found by Dr. Lang- 
strotli. of Yijiton. 

Information lluit a nian hud Ix-eii murdered in. Irienton tov/n- 
ship. as ;d)o\e stated, was brought (o Vint()]i in the afteinjoon. and 
Sheriff Smith, Coroner Kirkpatrick. Dr. Hangstroth and others, 
started for the scene of blood, and found the dead body of the man 
lyinu' where he had Ijeen nuii-dered. The i-emains were brought to 
Vinton, arriving? about midnight, a.nd an inquest Avas held in the 
nun-ning (r\[onday. July 8th i. The verdict of the coroner's jury 
was. substantially, that the deceased came to his death at the hands 
of a pai'ty of masked men. b>' wovuids inflicted by bullets dis- 
charginl from revolvei's. 

The body hiy exposed to jiul^lic view on a table in the court 
house \ard for a time, and {ireseuted a most horrible and ghastly 

Tt is .stated that ?tlason had several hundred dollars in money 
in liis wallet, and a watch in his vest. He took the money out of 
his vest ])ocket and put it und^'i- his -{)il!o\\- when he lay doA\'n in the 
bed in Tracy's housf ; but aft(U' liis murder.'neither vest, money nor 
watch could be fouiud. 

For cowardly brutality and cold blooded atrocity, this riuirdcr 
of ]\rason lias seldom been equaled in the annals of crime. Tt was a 
startlinu' culmination of a long-contiiuied carnival of lawlessness, 
and awalcened the c-iti/.tuis of tlie couidy to tlu- necessity of prompt 



^"iM^M Iks ^J^ 

















and enero:etiL' measures for the tenninatiou forever of tliis terrible 
stale of atTairs that has been so lont^ a disgrace to {he county. 

It {)i'oved to be one of the last tcr)-ibh' Idols upon tlic rejvata- 
tion of J^cnton Loiinty, was tlie fommeneernent of the end of 
"Tleirs Aere." I'hc crime ^liich created the most A^de-spread 
interest of any ever |)erp<'tiiaUd in this ]);irt of Iowa did not 
originate iri "lleli's Aere." or eveu "Egypt," but in the little 
{own of AValford in the southeast corner of tlie county, and the 
cold bhiodcd murder, then so ingeniously committed, is less than 
fourteen veai's old. ,,.,.." 

The's Novak Cask. . - . 

Perha})s n<» criminal case in Iowa, certainly none in Benton 
county, and few. if any. in the west, lias attracted so juuch attention 
as the murder of Edward Murray by Frank A. Novak. The 
crime was eonuuilted on February' 2. 1807. Pievious to that time 
Novak v,as a well Imown. pojuilar and dasliiijg young merchant <ind 
baulcer of "Walford, Benton county. He had been engaged in a 
large general merchandise business and was operating a country 
bank in i-onnection with his business. On tlie night mentioned, 
his general store cUid bank wa.s burned. No one saw Novak during 
or after the fire. He disappeared as if the earlh had swa]lov\-ed 
liim up. The very badly chai'red remains of a lunnan body were 
found in the ruins aiid by niany tliis body was supposed to be 
Frank A. Novak. Tlu' fire occurred about one o'clock in the 
morning. Twe' ho\irs before that, an easy-going and very Ihtle 
knov,-n farnier, Ed^\■ard ^]uri'a\'. \\'as seen with Ncsvak in his store. 
Ncfthing was seen of I\[urray dui'ing oi- after tlie lire. 

For some time it was thought thai two luunan bodies would be 
found in the ruins. The must diliu'^nt search was made but no 
trace of a second body could be found. Tlic body foimd in the 
ruins wa.s bui'ned beyond recogniti(i]i. Novak was missing, and his 
friends claimed that the charred remains were Novid-:. ^Murray 
was missing and his friends cl;iimed that the remains were his 
bunu^l body. Suspicion arose. The officers invest iirated. 

^I. J. Tobin, who a few weeks before was elected county 
attorney, took charge of the case. A coroner's inquest was hehl. 
It took three days. It was secret. The p\d)lie was greatly ex- 


(•itt>d. 'l"\\u c1ifi'er»Mit sets of p('0[)lc wtre (-lainiiiiu' tli'- one body. 
A full h<';iriri<r \v;is irivi'n to all. Careful examinations were mftde 
by County Attorney Tobiii. Dnriii!^' the examiiuition l:-.- irather-^i 
facts \v!ii('li satisfied him tliat N'ovak was not dead. Two faet-? 
demonstrated be_\-oiid »[uestioTi that th'* dead bod>' found in th- 
ruins was not the Ixnly of Frank Xovak. These two faets eon- 
sisted of evidt-nce fj'om Xovak 's dentist, wlio appeared at the i:> 
quest to identify the body as that of Xnvak. but after an examiiii- 
tion of the teeth lie swo!(> that il was not Xovak "s l)od>' : and frora 
the fact that a very small reinnant of the shii't worn by the dejid 
])er.son l)ad been prest-r^-ed. up under tli^^ arm-pit. This was foiiri-i 
to be a pieee of the shiTl ^Turray wore tlie day of hi.s death. 

Fiu'ther investigation showed that Xovak was on the verge of 
insolvency: that l)ut a sh.ort time before he had taken out a large 
amount oi' life insuranee, aggiepritin.g .';'2!-).0(i0. 

The eount\' attorney, aeting upon these faets, set the nuiehiner>" 
of the law in oi)eration andi started to run down the murderer. 
The Tliii'l Deteetive Ageney was called into service and some of i:.> 
best opei-atives were placed in charLie. I'he most intricate wori 
was done \)y Captain I'eter.son. of the Chicago ofiice. Step by 
step .Xovak was followed in his cunning flight across the country 
and into the Yukon mining country. This wa.s in the early days of 
the Klondike and wlu n hut very little was known about the eoiic- 
try. ])ul the detectives were suiM.-essl'ul. aud found that Xovak had 
left Juneau to cross the trail for Dawson City. AVhen this fs.-: 
was established "Red" Perrin, a detective of great endurance and 
courage, was sent to get the man. He found Novak jroint: nnder 
the name of J. A. Smith at Dawson City, and in the space of eiirhr 
mouths landed him in the J-5euton (-ouuty jail. 

On Xovember 0. 18^7. idne montlts after the commi'^sion ■ : 
tlie c)-i)ue. Xovak was ]ilai-ed on tri;d in Vinton. The charact-:' 
of the crime, the mystei-ie.s surround.inu it. Xovak 's wonderfii. 
flight to the Klondike in those early days, the renuu'kable secrti.-y 
of the deftvtive's wo]-k and the results attained, caused :i 
wide and a deep interest to ho rnainfestcd in the trial. Xewspapeiv 
from all over the countr\- hrsd tlnMr cori-e.-^pondents ]>re.seiit. Th-^- 
state was ri']>resented i)y County Attoiiicy \i. ,]. Tobin. who had 
co-operated with the deiectives and had developed the evidence, he 



being assisted by E. L. Eoies, one of the keenest and most x^er- 
suasi\'C lawyers in Iowa. The defense was represented b}' a large 
staff of lawyers, headed liy Tom IT. ^lilner and J. J. Ney. Hon. 
G. W. BurnlKun was pre.sidinLf .iiidiTe. 

The trial Listed thirteen day . 'i'liey were days of wonderful 
interest and ex'^itenient. ''l^ara'terized by sharp eonfliets between 
the attorneys and sonsation;d evidence, which the defense did not 
kno\r anythinir about until in-esentcd. For instnnoe, it was clear- 
ly shown at the trial that the skull of the dead man had been 
fractured, and a larire blood dot found Avhicli showed the blow was 
delivered befoiT- death, and tlial l^low caused death. The jury 
reti7-ed for deliberation in the afternoon and remained out until 
after midnisrht. At all tiiiics the .inry stood eleven to one for 
conviction of murder in the first desrree. A compromise verdict 
was finally reached and the .jury brouf^Iit in a verdict of murder 
in the second decree and reconnueiided that the defendant be 
sentenced to ten years in the p.-iiitentiary. Judp-e Burnham dis- 
regarded the rucomrneiKlation of the jury and sentenced the de- 
fendant to the penitentiary at Anamosa for life. 

Novak remained in the ]>enitentiary at Anamosa until that 
institution was clianeed t<'> a reformatory, when he was transferred 
to tlie penitentiary at Foi-t ^fadison. At all times since he has 
been in the ])enitentiary. X'>vak has made a good prisoner. 

A few days br'fori'- Govumor Cnimnins resigned as governor 
of Iowa, in order to b-ecoinc United Sitates senator, lie pardoned 
Novak, which pardon was to take effect in 1911. So that next 
year Novak, under the pardon of the gu\'ernor. ^^•ill be set at liberty. 
This action of Oovernor Guii\mins h;is never l)een ex])la.ined and ii 
has met witli almosl imiAersal oyipdsition and condemnation from 
tlie ])cople of Benton count>-. It goes without saying that if 
Novidc was believed to hf innocent, his ])ardon should have been 
made immediate. On the other hand if Novak was believed to be 
guilty, on account of tlie cold-blooded, premeditated and mercinary 
character of the crime, he should have remained in prison during 
his natural life. 

Vol. 1—20 



A Contest for Hearts— ]\Iiss] on of the Front ier Doctor — 
Vinton's First Physicians — First Belle Plaine Physician — Dr. 
Marion Meredith — Dr. C. C. Griffin — Dr. Stephen M. Cook — • 
Dr. Charles B. Chenoweth — Benton County ]\Iedicai, Society 
— Io^vA Union Medical Society. 

Tlic householder of 1910, whetlier living in the city or country, 
especially if he is of this generation, l^rlO^^•s little of the Avarra place 
into which the faithful old-fashioned country physician settled 
among the frontier people of tlie west. In those days circuit rider 
and couutj-y doctor were true bravo raif^sionaries together, breasting 
the heats and blasts of all seasons, breaking through the often 
woodless and trackless forests, and. wlien not striving with all the 
strength of their inanbood. to bring succor to the suffering in mind, 
body or estate, building tlieir cabins and plowing their fields Awith 
their widely scattered fellows. 

A Conte.'^t for Hearts. 

It was a beauliful contest in the pioneer times of Benton coun- 
ty, as in every othei- frontier region, between the minister and the 
doctor— an unconscions contest, on the part both of the principals 
and those to whom they ])rought either relief in suPtering. or com- 
fort in afiiiction ; it was a Christian strife for the possession of 
hearts on one side, and ofttimcs. an awkward and homely attempt 
by backwo.Hlsmen and women to show their gratitude for the sal- 
vation of souls and Ijodies dear to them, or their appreciation of 
unavailing etforts. It is not for us to decide who won the deepest 
or tlic warmest honors. . , . . .. . .. , . 

I^klissiON of the Frontier Doctor. 

The year 1910. when medical relief in any part of Benton coun- 
ty can be summoned through the telephone, or telegraph, at half 




an hour's notice, is not 1850. when it might mean a \nld and breath- 
less ride of miles before the coirntrv doctor could even be told that 
a lf)vcd one w;i.s lying perhaps at the point of death. Even now 
tlie waiting is long and heart beats fast with dread that the shadow 
may be approaching, but you may jealously guard your treasure to 
the l^est of your powei-s until more slcilful ho-lp i-cplaces yours: but 
then someone deeply concerned had to summon the doctor personal- 
ly, and perhaps it was hours before help arrived. Perchance, 
after riding miles througli forests and ovei- a trackless prairie, a 
father, brother, or even mother or sister, would route out the doe- 
tor's household in the middle of a stormy night, or dreary dawn, 
only to find tlmt their looked-for savior had been summoned to at- 
tend some other di.sti"essed family miles away. 

But Avith tiie safe and successful delive)-y of the message, and 
the speeding of the messenger to the waiting ones at home, with 
what i)ale. eagei-. almost awed faces did the family of the A^nlderness 
wait foi- the coming of the country doctor! The dear child of the 
liouse is perhaps gasping in the Inn niug waves of a fever, or shaking 
like a leaf with a malarial chill. The usual household remedies 
have all failed and the fight l)ei\vcen life and death has been sub- 
mitted to the doctor and to God. The good man is welcomed with 
o{)eu hearts and openly tearfnl faces. Perhaps he has no medical 
diploma and would not pass the 1910 board of examiners. But he 
has "pulled through'' a father or a motlier before, and may do the 
s;une for the blo'^som of the far.iily. 

The good country doctor does not charge for his services by the 
hour, or keep his watch before him to time bis visit. He sees his 
jtatient over tlie danger y)oint. if the stage of the disease is critical. 
He stays the withering of the blossoju. forces back the hot waves of 
fever or stills the spasms of malaria : the little one falls into a natur- 
al sleep; the coiiutry doctor puts on his big coat; the nuni of the 
bouse leads his saddled horse from the shack called a barn, and 
young and old st;nid at the dour to see him off, gratitude beaming 
from every tired e>'e. As loim us men. woi.nen and children are of 
the Imman kind, live upon the eai'th and prefer the warm touch of 
hands and the kindly light of the loving eye. they will fall do\\Ti 
before th.e faithful doctor wlui has kept their dear ones here a little 
longer; and wlien he so grandly honors his calling and his manhood, 
a.s did the physicians of Benton county sixty or seventy years ago 
th( y would not go far ainiss to look upon him as a worthy brother 
of the frontier missionarv of the Cross. " ' ■ ■ - 


ViNTON'^s First Pjiysiciaxs. 

Dr. J. C. Traer was the first physician to locate at Vinton and 
one of the first in the coimty. lie practiced several years after 
locatinrr ilie^-e in Ancrnst, 1851. but afterward studied law in winch 
he became also prominent. As he was the city's first banker and ' 
has a fine ]>TTblic record, Dr. Traer should be awarded the palm, 
among the pioneers of Benton connty. for versatility, ability and 
all-around usefulness. 

Dr. C. "W. Buffum, who came to Vinton t'iie same year, gave his 
time more to politics and the pojmlar ".jug" than to his profession. 
Tie v,-as elected clerk of the district court in 1S50, and in the follow- 
ing year was forced to resign under a black cloud which rested 
heavily on his moral character. 

• ■ First Belle Plajne PnysiciAX. 

In 18G3 Dr. Cra\'.ford settled at Belle Plaine as its first physi- 
cian, and in that year (the towu was platted in 1862) built one of 
its fii'st residences. 


The late Dr. ^Tai-im! ?\reredJtlT came to Vinton in 1866, after 
having served in the Civil wai' as surgeon of the Sixty-eighth 
Indiana Volunteer Infantry. Tie was a very successful and popu- 
lar practitioner and at one tinu- held the office of trustee of the 
Io^^■a T iiion ^[cde;:il Society, and pliysician for the State College 
for the Blind. Dr. IMorclith was ■<\ lloosier, but reeeived his pro- 
fessional cduention in the ^Medicad Colege of Olno. fi-02)i which Iv^ 
graduated shortly before coming to Vinton. lie died at Viiilon 
December 28, 1904. The doctor was not only prominent in his 
profession, but assisted in the organization of such institutions as 
the Iowa Canning Company and the Peojile's Savings Bank. 

'—•■•" ' ■ Dr. C. C. Griffin-. 

Dr. C. C. GritYin has practiced at Vinton continuously for more 
than forty years, and is one of the pioneers of the profession. He 
.served in the Civil war, after which he took his medical course at 


the Michigan University, from which he graduated in 18C8. The 
doctor has since continuously practiced at Vinton. 

Dr. Stephen 3iI. Cook. • 

Dr. Stephen M. Cook has practiced at Belle Plaine siuce 1877, 
first visiting the place in July, 1864, when the Northwestern rail- 
road wa^ being built. He had just been discharged from hospita. 
service in the Union cause, on account of ill health, and was seeking 
a location; but the place did not then appeal to him as promising 
anv-tliing for an aspiring physician and surgeon, 

; Dr. Charles B. CHENO^vE^H. 

Dr. Charles B. Chenowcth hns pi-acticed at Newhall since lSS-1, 
and is a native of Eden townslup, this county. His father, Isaac 
N. Chenoweth, was a cooper and farmer of Indiana, who, in lSi)2, 
located on the nr.rth half of section 2. that township, and, with the 
sturdy help of a good wife, founded the homestead there. He built 
the second house in Eden township, retiring to Vinton in ISSG and 
dying at that place in 19(J2. The widow j^dued hira in 1910. 
Isaac N. Chenoweth was among the leading Kepubl leans of the 
county, serving as one of its supervisors for ten years and treasurer 
for two. Dr. Chenoweth has al^o been aetive in politics, business 
and public service at Newhall. l.iaving been its postmaster at diifer- 
ent times for more than ten years. 

, ,, Benton Col'nty ^Medical Society. 

The fji'st organization of Benton county, und-r lunne. v^-as 
formed at Vinton, January 26, 1871, by Drs. Wagner, of Blaii's- 
town ; Lcwi.=, of Florence; Horton. of Shellsburg; and Lathioy, 
Boyd, jMeredith, Griflin, Clingnn and Bergen, of Vinton. 

The present Benton County IMedical Society was organized at 
Vinton in tbe oilice of the late Dr. M. ^Meredith on September 8, 
1903, the preliminary work having been done by Dr. J. E. Luekey. 
Dr. Geo. E. Crawford of Cedar liapids, district organizer, was 
present, and made a statement of its aims and purposes and the 
following physicians became charter mcmb<:i*s: H. A. Angus; 0. 
B. Beller; C. B. Chenoweth; J. K. Bielenberg; I. S. Boles; A. J. 
Bryant; A. K. Fellows; C. C. Griffin; C. C. Griffin, Jr.; R. T. 
Jewell; 0. W. King; B. F. Kirkland; J. E. Lnckey; Geo. M. 



Luekey; 'M. Meredith; Jas. McMorris; G. E. MeCorklc; R. Heslop 
Payne; C E. Simpson; G. A. Wagner; S. IT. Watson; J. P. Whit- 
ney; J. A. Williams; J. Worley; G. L. Wykofi; W. A. Vincent. 

Dr. M. .Meredith was ele^-ted president and continued so until 
his death, when the vice president, Dr. S. U. Watson, became presi- 
dent and continued so by reelection until ^May, 1909, when Dr. J. P. 
Whitney succeeded hiui. Dr. J. E. Luckej- has been the secretary 
of the society continuoiLsly sin.'c its organization. The .society has 
been rei)resented in the state society by its delegates. Dr. Jas. 
-Arc]Morris, Dr. Chenoweth, Dr. A. J. Bryant jond Dr. S. II. Watson, 
succeeding each other in the order named. The censors for 1909- 
]0 are Dr. Geo. 'M. Luekey. Geo. Wagner and Dr. E. E. Lashbrook. 
The purjiose of the society can be best learued from the follov.- 
"■^ ing extract from its constitution: "The purposes of this society 
i . shall be to bi'ing into one organization tlie pliysieians of Benton 
count}', so that by frequent meetings and full and frank inter- 
change of views they may secure such intelligent unity and harmony 
in every phase of their labor as will elevate and make eti'ective the 
opinions of the profession in all scientilic, legislative, public health, 
material and social affairs, to the end that the profession may 
receive that respect and support within its own ranks and fror.i 
the connnunily to whicli its honorable history and great achieve- 
ments entitle it ; and with other county societies to form the lovv-a 
• State Medieal Association, and through it, with other state asso- 
ciations, to form and maintain the American .Medical Association. 
'. "Every legally registered physician residing and practicing 

) in Benton county, who is of good moral and professional standing 
and who does not support or practice, or claim to practice, any 
' exi-lu.sive .system of medii-ine. shall be eligible for membcrsliip.'" 

Iowa I'xiox Medicat^ Socirtv. 

^ ^Many of the physi'-ians of Benton county are also mejnbers 
of the Iowa Union Medical Society, whose ofbcers for 1909-10 were 
as follows: Dr. A. Crawford. ]\It. Vernon, president; Dr. J. B. 
Ke.ssler. Iowa City, vice president ; Dr. F. G. Murray, Cedar Rapids, 
secretary; and Dr. G. P. Carpentei'. Cedar Rapids, trea.surer. 



Increase in Populaiion — Passing of the PlEd Cedak — Rath- 
er "Shady" Fikst Setteer — Pjoneehs or Venton — Looking for 
THE County Seat — Vinton's (Fremont's) First Real Fourth — 
Fremont Becomes Vinton— "Vintox Eagle" Items 1850-9— 
Municipal Officers 1869-1910 — Official Endorsement of Good 
Men — Vinton's Fire Department — AVater Works — Electric 
Light Plant — Free J^ublic Library — The Telephone Companies 
— "''Booster" Club of Vinton — World's Largest Corn-Canning 
Factory-— Great Expectations Not Realized — ]\1inne Este:ma 
Park — The ^^Lvsons of Vinton — The Odd Fellows — Knights of 
Pythias— ilouERN Woodmen of America — The Ep worth Leagce. 

WJien the town of Fremont, now Vinton, was platted as the 
county seat of Benton county, nioi'e than sixty yeai's ago. its site 
was recognized as the one A\hieli nature clearly pointed out as 
almost ideal for a prosperous and healthful town. Situated on 
hind vrhich gradually rises from the soLdhwestem baoks of the 
Red Cedar river, assuring it coinpartiti\ e freedom from overflows 
and the pioneer's scourge, malaria, vatli a stretch of heavy timber 
two miles in width on tlie opposite shore, the little town grew 
stalwart ajid fulfilled the early expectations. 

Increase in Population. 

By 1854 Vinton had, by actual count, two hundred inhabitants. 
In 1861 the population of the town was 1,010. and of necessity, re- 
mained aljout stationary, or slightly decreased, during the war. 
Its first railroad entered in ISG'j, shui'vly after the incorporation of 
the city, aiid within ten years A'inton was a community of some 
2,500 .souls. In 1885 its population was 2,710; 1890, 2,865; 1895, 
3,150; 1905, 3,4S7 ; and the census figures for 1910 are estimated at 
about 3,700. But many influences and persons contributed to the 
birth of the little frontier to\m on the Red Cedar iind it,^^ develop- 







■i i 



\ • .,1 I 


nient iuto one of the prettiest and best towns in Iowa, and, keeping 
in mind an avoidance of repetition, an attempt wall be made to 
briefly present tbem. • - 

Passing of jni: Ked Cedar. 

Several years before Fremont v/as platted the site of the tov\'Ti 
is said to have been covered by a grove of red cedar, which was 
cut down by one Thomj^son and rafted to the St. Louis market. 
Somewhat later "Cedar" Johnson had a logging camp further up 
the stream and in 1845 James Newell cut a raft in Black Hawk 
countv. Ns-liieh is believed to have about exhausted tlie timber in 


thi.> region which gave the river its name. Tradition even pictures 
as the pioneer logger long antedating Thompson, a creature named 
Dyer— "a mis.shapcn, hump-backed creature who could neither 
read nor write." 

,.,^, Rather "Sievdt" First Settler. 

In 1845. afb^r the site of Fremont had been cleared of its 
cedar grove, Chaun.-cy Leverich built a cabin near the river, within 
the pre.'^ent limits of Vinton, but after about a year sold his claim 


to GideoD B. White, who, iu turn, soon transferred it to James 
Leverich. All tJje members of the Leverich famil}' were suspicious 
cliaractcrs, to say the least; Joel Leverich, of Linn county, was one 
of the most notorious outlaws of the late '40s and the early '50s. 
It is also known thai Ciiauj::cey. the ihst settler on the site of Viv- 
mont or Vinton, was a resident of West Union, Fayette county, in 
1851, and that after building a hotel there he went to Clermont and 
then to Minnesota. He laid out the town of Austin, in that state, 
and about 1854 was killed in a di'uuken saloon brawl in that place. 
In April, 1S49, wlien the question of removing the county seat 
frojn Northport. or Vinton, to a point nearer the river (Fremont), 
was submitted to the people, tlie only building on the original town 
plat was the log caltin and grocery built by this Chauncey Leverieh 
in 1845. 

James Leverich was therefore proprietor of the town of Fre- 
mont, which was laid out by Ir\\in D. Simison, couiity surveyor, 
on tlie 24th of November, 1849, and the plat recorded five days 
later. Not to repeat the various co}jtests between the champions of 
Northport, Fremont and other localities for the county seat, Avhicii, 
have been detailed, in the general history, it is sufficient to remember 
that Freuiont \\rs finally suceessiul and that both Noi-thport and 
Fremont were finally included under the name of X'intou (which 
Northport had been rechristened in 1848). 

■■ Pioneers of Vixtox. 

James F. Beckett, "vnth his family, settled at Vinton in the 
spring of 1849, and iu the folloAving year was appointed first post- 
master of Fremont. 11. K. Sanders, Beckett's son-in-law, built 
a house on the street north of the court house square, and the third 
building rconnting Chaunce}' Leverich 's as the first) was erected 
on Beckett street by J. R. Beckett, son of James F. Among those 
wlio settled in the new town soon afterward were Dr. J. C. Traer, 
Dr. C. W. Bufl:um. Cynis C. Charles (later sheriff of the county), 
ITari'ison Bristol. John Alexander. James Crow. W. C. Stanberry 
juid -L S. Tilford. ]Mr. Charles, who kept a few goods in a little 
building, was the first merchant to open a store after Fremont was 
platted. Rus- '11 Jones. hoAvever, is credited with being the first 
business man of "any account." As agent for Green & Brothers, 
of C<-dar Rapids— the same firm \\-hich bought tlie bonds which 
b\nlt tlic secrmd court house — he displayed a fair stock of croods 


in the lower .story of the old log court huiise, hut evidently changed 
his quarters before the fire. 

Looking fok tub County Seat. 

Soon after the platting of Fremojit an Englishman named 
Jaraes Wood appoaredvupou the site and, after lookijig around for 
a time in an inquiring \\ay, asked how far it was to Fremont, lie 
was informed by one of the Becketts that he stood upon the publir 
square and that the sbell of a log building whirh he thought wa.-^ a 
cow stable Avas to be the court house of Benton count}'. The 
Englishman wa.< depressed for a moment, but returiied iu the 
following year, establi.-hed himself as the fiist blacksmith of the 
county seat, and. v.'ith true pioneer generosity, threw open his shop 
to tlie second grand jury \\hi']i ever sat. His shop aud all the 
firet buildings erected at Fremont were supplied with timber from 
the saumill erected on ^Mud ereek m 1849 by John Royal aud C. C. 
C'tia)'les, both early sheritTs of tlie county. 

Tiic preaching of the tirst sermon in 1850 and the opening of 
the school iu 1S52 have beeii already narrated, the old court 
honse being the seat of tliese honors and many others before it ^vent 
up in flames. It may be added that the details regarding tht^ 
founding a}id growth of the local schools and churches \\ill be 
found in the chapters devoted to the educational and religious 
institutions of the county. 

A^inton's ^Fkemont's) Fn;ST Ekal •'"' Fourth." 

The fJTst celebration of Independenre day at what is nov,- 
Vinton occurred in ]So2. Thonias Found then had a store in 
Fremont and threw it 0]ien to the crovrd of fifty who represented 
both the city and country elements of Beni''i]i couiily. James Rice 
was president of tli»' day; "W. C. Stanbcrry was vice president; 
John II. Kelsey read the Dec-laratiou of Independence; everybody 
responded, and all went ''men->- as a marriage bell." The au- 
dience was worked up to sudi a pitch of entluisiasm that tlie vice 
presidtnt in a moment of hilarity and forge.tfulness kissed a 
comely German woman. Greenbnry Luck, the mail carrier, who 
had done somev.-hat more than his share of imbibing, but was wide 
of eye, arose unsteadily, in the midsi of the speech making, and 
proposed three cheers for "the man who had kissed the Dutch 
v.'omun. " The directiou of his gaze w;is unmistakable, and Vice 


Presideut Staiiberry left the room in confusion, not returning 
until he had been assured that Ijuck Avas fast asleep. 

After the speeeh-]iiaki}ig had died of exhaustion, the vvomeu 
present served a dinner, which ineluded the mutton supplied by 
the sheep whieli ^Ir. Vardeinan had killed for the occasion. Mr. 
Pound had b)oug]it some leii-on;; froui Dubuque, which formed 
the basis for lemonade, aud Dr. Traer furnished some "pop." 
Outside of Brother Pound's store it is said that a few broke con- 
siderably over the limit of "liglit d)"inks." 

■= ' • Fkemoxt Becomes A'iktox. 

In January, ]8;33, the Iowa legislature changed the name of 
Fremont to Vintori, by which it has since been known. Other 
decisive steps in the progress of VijrLon were the founding of its 
first paper, the Eagle, in 1855; the erection of the Yinton flouring 
milLv \>y J. F. and AA'. II. Young, at a cost of $20,000, iii the fall 
of 1S57: the incorj.)oration of Vinton as a city of the second class 
in August, 18G9, and the arrival of its first railroad train over the 
Burlington and C'edar Kapids line DecHml}er 12th. of that year. 

'J'o recapitidate :- -Vinton has been Icuown by the various 
names (\f Xortlipoi't. Fremont and Yinton. a porlioji of its to\v]i 
site having been selected in 1846 as the seat of justice by the com- 
missioners appointed by the genei'al assembly of the state for that 
purjtuse. By tliesc commissioners it was called Xorthpoi-t. After- 
ward another jiortisui of the ttiwn site was laid off by James 
l.jevei-ich. and nnmed by hiui Fremont. In 1S51 John S. Tilford 
laid off anothe!" po?'iion of the town site, to which lie gave the name 
of Tij ford's A'inton. The establishment of the postoffiee was a 
matter of between some of the citizens of Yinton. 
Accordijig to John S. Tili\»rd the oi'iiee was fiist established about 
tlrrce nules east of the present city, under the name of Yinton, 
named in henor of a cdugressman of that name from Indiana. In 
1851, according to the same authority, the office was removed to the 
village, and its name of Yinton, retained, and in 1853, by legislative 
act, the name of the to\\m of Frcmo^it was changed to Yinton. 
These statements fully accouiit for tlie founding of Yinton and its 

VixTOx "Eagi-e" Items, 1856-9. 

January 9, 1856. — According to a censu.s just taken by ;Mr. 

W. Whipple, Yinton contains a po]-.ula!ion of 'iQfj. Of that number 



426 are males and 340 feinah^s. Of the aggregate 260 are from 
Ohio ; 96 from Indiana ; 70 from New York ; 55 from Pennsylvania : 
19 from New England and the balanee from various othe7- l0'--alities. 
The to\ni, by tliis show-in.o:, has increased in population 100 per 
cent the past year. 

April 0. 1856. — Winter is novr fairly over and sprini^ ha.- 
brought Willi it the usual amount of busy preparation for the im- 
provements of the corning summei\ "We have no rival town in 
the county; there are other towns which are improving rapidly 
but Vinton seems to be the center of attraction. Unlike our 
neighbors who are quarreling about tlie location of their county 
.seats, we are able to bring all our energies to bear in pushing ^im- 
place forward. 

November 33. ]S53. — Tu\m lots in Vinton range from $iO;!* 
upward and farming lands in tlie immediate viciiiity are valued 
at from $50 to $100 an acre. Tiinber lands exclusively, acros.s 
the river, bear almost any price froni $100 dovrn. The best lauds 
a mile or so from town, can be had for $4 cash or $5 on time. Ve 
have seen fine corn in the vailev of Genesee, on the VTesterji Re- 

r--- -- 


gk'"^.af' -i-?^'' 

ij\ ■ -''■'■■ 


. Iivan i. 

:3 - r, 





(washed away by Hian v,'ater). 








If W: W^ 

:; * 



'' "(i^^y ^ 

%: . 




serve, and the flat prairies of Illii^ois, but never anv that equaled 
the present crop of the Cedar valley. 

Deceniber 11. 185S.- We tak. pleasure in informing our 
readers that a Literary Association lias been formed in our town 
It is the retention of those who hav,- organized it. to have a eourse 
of lectures delivered during the vdnter months. 

^Municipal Offtckrs 3 86'J-iyiO. 

1S69— ,James Wood. may.)i-; AY. W. :\reans. m;irshal • W F 
Kirkpatrick, clerk: A. A. Wentz. clerk. Council— Paul 
Correll. Nathan Hayes, M. Donelan. J. A. .McDaniel. Cornelius 
Elhs. I). Stick, .lohn Gilmore, IT. H. Sterling. 

1870— James Wood, mayor; G. ^L Gilchrist, solicitor; A A 
Weutz. clerk; W. H. Hanford, treasurer; Levi s! :\Iiller, a.isessor ■ 
Ezra Bigelow. marshal. Second Conncil— J. L. Tinkham J f' 
Young. Nathan IlHy... Af. Donelau. W. A. Cuin... John Gilmor<^' 
C. -Ellis. K. N. Young. 

]871— J. C. Traer. mayor: G. ^L Gilchrist, solicitor; A. A. 
Went/, flprk; Wm. H. Hanford, treasurer; Levi S. Thriller, asse.^^sor • 
W. W. :\Icans. marshal. Third Council-^-T. L. Tinkham. J. F 
Young. Nathan Hayes. W. B. Reynolds. Geo. W. Ridge, John Gil- 
more, R. N. Young. Cornelius Ellis. 

1872 — T. C. Trner, mayor; G. :\I., solicitor; A. .V. 
Wentz. clerk; Wm. H. Hanford. ti-easurer; John A. Bills, a.ssessnr; 
Ezra Bi.rrolow. marshal. Fourth C^^uncik^Geo. Horridire. .7. F. 
You)>-. W. B. Rcyuohh. Ncith;in Haves. Geo. W. Rid--.- W K 
Flatt, C. Elli.s. 1). I!. White. 

]S7;5— A. Haines, mayor; G. :\r. Gih-hrist. solicitor; A. A. 
Wentz, clerk; S. E. Keith, trea.surer; L. S. Miller, assessor; Geo. 
Ridge, marshal. Fiftli Council— Geo. Ilorridge. J. :m. Crandall, 
Nathan TLaye.s. L. S. :\[illpr. W. K. Flatt. R." IT Quinn D h' 
White, C. C. LaArton. 

1874— A. Haines, mayor; G. M. Gilchrist, .solicitor; G. 'SI. 
Taggjirt, clerk; E. Evans, treasurer; John Shaffer, assessor; W. W. 
^reans. Sixth Council— J. JJ. Crandall. A. H. Ellis. L. 
S. Miller. M. Donelan. F. R. Voris, H. Stanton. D. IT. White, C. C. 


1875 — W. R. Reynolds, mayor; D. E. Vori.s. soliritor; C. S. 
Beuuf^tt. clerk; AV. 11. Young, livasui-er ; John Shaffer, assessor; 
John C. Slasson. mar.^hal. Seventh Coimcil— H. II. ^MeElroy. A. IT. 
Ellis. M. 1). L. AVeljb. John Ryder, J. A. MeDaniel, 11. Stenton. J. 
B. Locke, D. IT. AYhile. ' 

1S76 — AV. B. Reynolds, mayor; D. E. A'oris. .solicitor; C. ?. 
Bennett, clerk: Geo. Knox, treasni-er; Levi S. ALllcr, assessor: 
John C. Slas.son^ mar.shal. Eighth Council— F. :\L Crandall. H. 
11. AIcElroy, Nathan Hayes. John Ryder, J. AA"^. Lnnan, J. A. :Mc- 
Daniel. D. H. AA'hite, J. B. Locke. 

1S77 — AV. B. Reynolds, mayor; C. R. Clinghan. .solicitor: C. 
S. Bennett, clerk; J. AV. Smork. treasurer; J. R. Cbri.stie. 
S. D. Redfield. marshal. Ninth Council— John Stickney, F. AL 
Crandall, Paul Corj-ell. Nathan Hayes, F. R. A'oris. J. 'yi. Inrnan. 
G. Al. Gilchirst. D. AV. AVhite. 

1(S78 — Levi S. Alijk'i', mayor; G. AV. Burnham, solicitor; C. S. 
Ik'unett. clerk; J. AV. Smock, ti'easurer; J. R. Christie, assessor; AV. 
AV. Aleans. mar.shal. Tenth Council- J. F. Young, John Stick-ney. 

E. Forrester. Paul Conell. Daniel B. Corning, F. S. A'oris, D. H. 
Vrhite. G. AL Gilchrist. 

"IS7ri — AV. R. Reyiiohls, ma.vor; AV. P. AA'liipple. solicitor; C. 
S. Beriucit. clerk; J. AV. Smock, ti'casurer; .]. R. Christie, a-sse-ssor; 
•John ('. Ilaiues. marshal. Elevfiith Co\incil — A. D. Grift'en, J. 

F. Vnunir. Paul Coi-rell, E. Fon-rstcr. R. AV. Barl;er. Daniel P>. 
Co!"i!Uu-, AA'^m. AVcstover, D. TT. AVhite. 

]SSO— S. D. Redheld. mayor; W. P. AVliipplc. solicitor; C. S. 
H.'uiictt. clerk: J. AV. Smock, trcasurei': J. R. Alitchell, marshal. 
Tv.rlftli Council — L P. Alatthcws. A. I). GrifiVn. E. D. Forrester. 
Paul Correll. AV. ( '. Lawton. R. AV. hJarkcr. AA^ 11. A'oung. V.'m. 

ISSl— S. 1). Redfield. nni.vor: Jacob AVetts. .solicitor; C S. 

I'x'unctt. <-h'rk ; J. A\'. Sinock. treasurer; J. R. Christie, assessor: 

, AV. AV. AVehh. marshal. Thii-tecuth Council— A. D. Griffen. J. 

, W Afatlhews. C. D. Kimball. E. D. Forrester. AFatthew Brown. AV. 

c; C. Lav,ton. P. A. Locke. AV. H. Young. 


18S2--L. S. mayor; W. P. Whipple, solicitor; C. S. 
Bennett, rlerk ; Cieorire R. Knapp. treasurer; Stewart Jordou, 
assessor; ]|]/ra L'iu'eli^'^v. niarsluil. J^\)Tirteeiit]i CouiK'il — A. S. Chad- 
bourne. A. D. Crilt'en. Paul Correll, C B. Kimball, J. C. Traer, 
:\lHtthe\v P.iown. G. M. Gilchrist, P. A. Locke. 

■1SS3— L. S. Kr-ad<\ mayor; AV. P. Whipple, .solicitor; C. S. 
l^ennett. elrrk ; Geo. R. Knapp. treasurer; Stewart Jordon. assessor; 
J. R. Tiritchell. marshal. Fifteenth Council— AV. S. Palmer, A. S. 
Chadbounic. C. P.. Plimball. Paul Correll. ^Matthew Brown, J. C. 
Traer, A. 11. TIainia. G. AI. Grildirist. 

1884—1). E. A'oris. ma>oi- ; AV. P. AVhipple. solicitor; C. S. 
Bennett, clerk: Geo. R. Kuai^p. treasuivr; P. S. ATiller, assessor; 
Ezra P.i.yelow. mar.shal. Si.xteenth Council— A. S. Chadbourne, 
Stinsin Robinsou. A\'. II. Bi'owu, C. B. Kimball. J. C. Traer, Mat- 
thew Brown, Geo]-Ke AV. Taiiuciiill. A. IT. llanua. 

1835 — 1). K. A'oi-is. nuiyor ; AV. P. Vv'hipple, solicitor; C. S. 
P.eunett, clerl: ; A\'. 11. Youn^'. lre;i.-?urer ; L. S. Aliller. assessor: AV. 
AV. Means, mar.sbal. Seventeenth Council — L AV. A. S. Chad- 
bourne. C. B. Kiiuball. AV. 11. Brown. Alatlh. w Brown. J. C. Traer. 
AA^m. AVestove)-. Geo. AY. Tannelull. 

1880—1) E. AY'ris. mayor; AV. P. AVhipple. solicitor; C S. 
Beiuiett, clerk: AA^ Tl. A^)un.^■. Iri'asurer; L. S. Aliller. assessor; 
J. R. :Mitche]l. uiarshal. Eiuhteculh Council— A. S. Chadbourne, 
J. AV. P>arj-. II. T. Laudcrb;!ue;h. C. B. Kimball. A. B. Dowell, 
Aiutthew Bi'own. G. AA'. Taini.-hill. AAYn. AYestover. 

1887— L. S. Keade. mayor; J. C. Traer. solicitor; C S. Ben- 
nett, clerk; AA''. C. Ellis, treasurer; S. T. Shortess. a.ssessor; J. R. 
Aliteliell. marshal. Nineteenth Council— J. E. Afarietta. A. S. 
Chadbonrn(\ D. AV. Alills. II. T. Lauderbang-h. Alatthew Brown, 
A. B. Dowel. William AVcstovrr. (bM. AV. Tannehill. 

1888~-E. S. Keade. mayor: J. C Traer, solicitor; C. S. Ben- 
nett, elerk; AV. C. Ellis, treasurer; S. T. Shortess, assessor; J. R. 
Mitchell, marslial. Twentieth Council— II. B. Kelley. J. E. 
Marietta. IT. T. Laidcrbauoh. 1). W. Mills. A. B. Dowel. Alatthew 
Brown. Geo. AV. Ta.nnehill. AVm. AA'estover. 

Vol. 1—21 


1889— L. S. Keagle. mayor; W. C. Council, solicitor; C S. 
Bennett, clerk: AY. C. Ellis, trea.snrer; A. 0. Adams, assessor; 
Homer Ilolcoiub. marshal. Council— A. D. Grilfcn, 
IT. B. Kelley. J. Q. :\ro]i1ironiery, H. T. Landerbaugli, .Mattlie\s- 
Brown. A. B. Duwel, "Vv'm. Westover, Geo. Tanneliill. 

1890 — L. S. Keaglc. mayor; Y^. C. -Connell, solicitor; C. S. 
Bennett, clerk; Y". C. Ellis, treasurer; A. 0. Adan^s, assessor; 
Homer Holcomb. marshal. Twenty-second Council — J. Y". Barr, 
A. D. Griffen, E. H. Colcord, J. Q. Montgomery, M. iMeredith, 
Matthew Brown, D. 11. Y^hite. Y^'m. Y^estover. 

]891 — J. I). Nichols, moyor; Y". C. Connell, solicitor: C. S. 
Bennett, clerk; Y/. C. Ellis. tre;is\u-er; A. 0. Adams, assessor; 
Homer Holcomb, marshal. Twenty-tliird Council — A. D. Gi'iffen, 
J. W. Barr. Frank Wilson. E. IT. Colcord, Y". C. Boggs, M. :\Iere- 
dith. Y". D. Haskell, D. IT. Y'hite. 

1892 — J. D. Nichols, mayor; Y^. C. Connell. solicitor; C. S. 
Bennett, clerk: YT. C. Ellis, treasurer; A. 0. Adams, asses.sor; 
H. A. Wilson, marshal. Tvreuty-fourth Couueil— IT. B. Kelley, 

A. B. Griffen, E. IT. Colcord. Frank Wilson, Matthew Brown. W. 
C. Boggs, T). IT. White, Y\ T). Haskell. 

18113 — ]\ratthew Brown, mayor: C. Nichols, solicitor: J. E. 
Yniipple, clerk; Frank G. T^ay. tieasurer; J. Ti. Tinkham, assessor; 
H. A. Wilson, mar.shal. Twenty-fifth Council— A. ^M. Bowe, H. 

B. Kelley. J. E. Raven.scr.,ft, E. IT. Colcord. W. C. Boggs, B. 
:Mu-phy. Y^ H. Anderson. T). 11. Y'bite. 

Ig94 — ]Matthew Brown, mayor: C Nichols, solicitor: J. E. 
Yv hippie, clei'k: P'rank G. Ka.v. ti-casurei-; J. L. Tinkham, assessor: 
W. H. Wood, mar.shal. T\venty-si\-t]i Council— II. B. Ivelley, A. 
]\I. Kowe. Frank Wilson, J. E. Kavenscroft. B. :^Turphy. W. C. 
Boggs. D. IT. Y^hite, Y\ H. Anderson. 

1895_:\ralthew Brown, mayor: C Nichols, .solicitor; J. E. 
Yliipple, clerk; Frank G. T^ay. trea.surer; J. L. Tinkham, assessor; 
Y\ IT. Y'ood. mar>hal. Twenty-seventh Council— A. M. Bowe, H. 
B. Kelley, J. E. Baven.scroft. Frank AVilsun. E. S. Tobey, B. Mur- 
phy. Y"'. H. Anderson, N. P. Carl. 


^S9G — ]\rattlK'\\ l>ro\vn. Tiinyor; C. Xif-liuLs, soliritor; J. E. 
Wlii])plo. clerk; J. L. Tiiikhaiii. asspssor ; FraTik G. Ray. treasurer; 
AV. IJ. A\'ot'd. iiiaislial. Twenty-eighth Council — Win. "Westover, 
A. ^r. Rowe, Frank Wilson, J. E. Ravenscn.ft.' H. :\rui-pliy, E. S. 
Tobey. N. P. Carl. AY. II. Anderson. 

1897 — Alex. Runyon, ma.voi-: C. Nichols, solicitor; G. K. Col- 
vert, clerk; Frank 0. R;)\'. Treasurer; \Vru. AYallace. cissessor; W. 
II. \Yood. marshal. Tv^'enty-nintll Council — A. ]\T. Rowe, AYni. 
WeMover, IF. T. Jones. Frank Yrilsun. J. C. Downs. P.. Mun'h.v. W. 
IP Anderson, N. P. Carl. 

ISOS — Alex. Runyon. Jiiayur; C. Nichols, solicitor; G. K. Covert 
clerk; Frank G. Ray. treasurer; '\\'m. Wallace, assessor; "W. H. 
Wood, marshal. Thirtieth Council — AYm. Westover, A. M. Rowe. 
Frank Wilson. E. A. Buxton. A. C. Parsons, Wm. ]^.Iiller. N. P. 
Carl, AY. IP Anderson. 

181)9--Pv AP Evans, mayor; C. Nicliols, solicitor; G. K. Covert, 
clerk: Frcink G. Ray. trea.snrei-; -P AT. Fisher, assessor; W. H. 
Wood, marshal. Thirty-first Council-— J. E. Afarietta. Win. West- 
over. E. A. Buxton. Frank Y'ilson. AYm. Aliller, A. C Parsons, W. 
IP Ander>on, N. P. Cai-1. 

P)00— E. AF. Evcins. inayor; C. Nichols, .solicitor; E. L. Stick- 
ney, clerk; Frank G. Ra.\', treasurer; J. AT. Fisher, assessor; AA''. IP 
AA^ood. marshal. Thirt>-second Council — J. W. Westovci". J. E. 
Alariettii. .P AP Ravenscroft. E. A. Buxton. A. C. P'arsons, Wm. 
MilP-r. N. P. Ca"l. W. IP Anderson. 

lOOP-E. AP Evans, mayor; C. Nicliols. solicitor; E. L. Stiek- 
ne\', clerk: Frank G. R.i.w treasurer: J. AP Fisher, assessor; W. H. 
AYood, marshal. Thirty-Third Council— J. E. IMnrietta. J. W. 
AYeslovei-. E, A. Buxton. -P E. Ravenscioft. AA'm. Aliller, A. C. 
Piirsons. AY. IP Anderson. N. P. Carl. 

1902— E. Al. Evans. uKiyor; C. Nich^.ls, solicitor; E. P. Stick- 
ney, clerk; Fi-ank G. Ray. treasurer; .P AT. Fisher, assessor; W. IP 
Wood, marshal. Thirty-fourth Council -J. AV. AYcstover. J.. E. 
Alarietta, J. E. Ravens.-roft. E. A. Buxton, A. C Parsons. AYm. 
Aliller. N. P. Carl. W\ U. Anderson. 


1903— E. :\r. EY;nis. mayor; C Nichols, solicitor; E. L. Stick- 
ncy, clerk; Frank G. Kay. treasurer; J. ]\r. Pislier, assfssor : TV. II. 
Wood. n-ini-I.a!. T]iiriy4;ftk Coiin-il— J. E. Marietta. J. AY. 
Westovcr, E. A. Buxioii. J. E. Eavmiscroft. Wm. ^Miller. A. C. 
Parsons, Artluir Grant. X. P. Carl. 

190-!^— E. ^L Evans, mayor; E. A. :\Iiirphy. solicitor; YT. E. 
Klin.eaman. clerk; Frank G. Ray. treasurer; J. ^I. Fisher, assessor; 
YT. II. Yrood. marshal. Tliirty-sixtli Council— Geo. D. :\IcElroy, 
J. E. :\rarietta, J. C. Downs. E. A. Buxton, J. ^L Beatty, YTm. 
Miller, L. AY. Latham, Arlhui- Grant. 

1905__E. A. Buxton, mayor; Fred AYyckoff. solicitor: W. E. 
Klincranian, clerk: dohn Youmr. treasurer; J. ]M. Fisher, assessor; 
AY. 11. AYood. marshal. Thirty-scveutli Council -Y. AY. Aikley, 
G. D. AIcElroy. S. S. Graeher. d. C. I^owus, T. J. AYood, J. AI. 
Beatty, C. d. Kline, L. AY. Lai ham. 

]90fi-_E. A. Buxton, raay.u- ; Fred AYyckoft\ solicitor; AY. E. 
Klino-aman. clr-rk ; John Youul'. Ireasurer; J. AI. Fisher, assessor; 
AV. TI. AYood. marslial. Thirty-eidith Council— G. D. McEiroy, 
V. A\^. Aildey. J. C. Dumu^-. R. S. Graeher. J. AT. Beatty, T. J. AYood. 
C. J. laine. 

:I907— E. A. Buxton, mayor: Edv>ard AEurphy, solicitor; AY. 
E. KlingaiJian. ch-rk ; John Amount:, treasurer; A. AI. Rose, asse.ssor ; 
AY. IT. AYood. marshal. Tln'rty-ninth Council— G. D. AIcElroy, 
Y. AY. Aikley. J. C. Povv-ns. ?.. ?^. Graeher. J. Al. Beatty. T. J. AYood, 
C. d. Kbr.e. George Kclley. 

■ ]903— E. A. Buxton, mayr.r: Edward :\rr.rphy. s'.olicitor : AY. E. 
Klinpaumn. clerk; John A'ouno:. treasurer; A. AI. Rose, assessor; 
AY. H. AYood. marshal. Fortieth Council— G. D. AIcElroy, A^ AY. 
Aikley. J. C Downs. S. S. Graeber, J. AI. Beatty. T. J. AA^ood. C. 
J. Kline. Georsre Kellev. 

]909 — E. A. Buxton, mayor; Clar.'nre Nichols, sorK?itor; AY. 
E. I\lin?aman. clerk; Jolni Younu', treasurer; A. AI. Rose, assessor; 
Prank E. Boyden, nuii-shal. Forty Jii-st Council- Charles AT. Alil- 
ler. Dr. BenjaTiiin S'diwartz. Harry Allen. AA". Strlpple. J. C. Downs 
and Georfre D. AlcElrov. ,....->■• 


1910 — E. A. Buxton, mayor; Clarence Niehols, city attorney; 
W. E. Klingamaii. clerk; John, treasurer; A. M. Uose, as- 
sessor; Frank E. Boydeu, marshal. Forty-second Council — Harry 
Allen, B. F. Schwaj'tz, W. Strip})le, J. C. Downs, George 1). Mc- 
Elroy, C. W. :\liller. 

Official Endorsement of Good Men. 

The special coiumittee of the Vinton city council which reused 
the municipal ordinances and published them in 190G, also compiled 
a list of those who have ser\'ed the corporation since its creation 
in 1SG9. Their comments upon it ai-e so applicable that they are 
reproduced: "Elsewhere in this volume we publish a list of the 
ofticers of the city of Vinton, from the date of its incorporation to 

___^^ 4,J^^:;:: 

•••«■» <^^%ii-s-is§a-*«£MA'---i- ' 



-'. -^'>^- ♦ 'i^-'^.^ ~' "■' :' '''•y*^-^ 

'ia.'^'^/".^j.^ ^a»j>VW.'"i^4jkjgf»'> ^■'i-,-4-.: JW; -t.A .1. •-■^-i.. ~^ -- -XS.»~. . w.■..-^^^..-«. -j-.'feBcWMi;- A»r^.&o:w^-».- ^jlifgte? 


the present time. l>y rofcn-iuir to the same it will be seen that tlie 
first mayoi" of Vinton wa.s James AVootl. The otlier city officers 
were: Judtre G. ]\r. Gilchrist, city solicitor; AY. F. Kirkpatriek. 
city clerl; ; Levi S. ^^liller. assessor; Wni. H. ITanford. treasurer; 
and AY. AY. IMcans. marshal. The city council consisted of Paul 
Correll. AI. Donelau, Cornelius Ellis, John Gihnore. Nathan Hayes 
J. A. AlcDanicl. D. Stick and H. 11. Stnrlin-. 

'"I'he lives and attainments of tliis imposing group, lie before 


us like an 0{nu Ixtok. Thfv have left the inipi-ess of their strength 
of character, industry, pei-scvcrance and honor upon our city, our 
munic-ipal i)isti1uTions. our churches, schools, banks, Inisiness enter- 
p]-iscs, social functions, and lionies, and .these iu.stitutions are 
evidences of the high standing- of our community. 

■"Othcj" meji whose lives and labors constitute a part of the 
historx' of A'iuton. whose names are recorded on the early oliicial 
roster and who are equ?i]ly as deserving as their predecessors are: 
J. C. Traer, A. Haines. W. B. Reynolds, Levi S. Miller, S. U. 
Redfield, Levi S. Keaglc. D. E. Voi is. and J. D. Nichols, who in tuni 
succeeded each other as mayor,: 1). ]-]. Voris, C. R. Clinghan, G. W. 
Burnham and AY. P. AVhipple, who occupied the oflice of city 
solieito)- ; A. A. AYentz. G. 1S\. Tagyart, and C. S. Bennett, who filled 
the oftice of city clerk; S. E. Keith., E. 'M. Evans, W. 11. Young, 
Geo. Knox, .). AV. Smock, Geo. R. Knapp and W. C-. Ellis as city 
treasurer: Levi S. >Miller. John A. Bills. John Shaffe)", J. R. Christie 
and Stewert Jordon as assessoi- ;ind Ezra Bigelow, John ('. Slasson, 
S. D. Rediield. .lohn C. Haines, AV. AV. AYebi. and J. R. .Aritcholl. 
as city marsiial. 

".Many of the above served on the city council at different 
times and ainojig their associates in that body were: J. L. Tinkham. 
J. F. A^niug. AY. A. Gwinn, R. N. Young, Geo. Horridge, W. K. 
Flatt, I). H. AVliite. J. Vx. Crandall, R. H. Qninn, C. C Lawton, A. 
H. Ellis, F. R. A^^ris, H. Sianton, II. H. :\rr-E]]-oy. :\1. D. L. AA^ebb, 
John Ryder. J. ]>. Locke. J. AL Inman, .John Stickney, F. Af. 
Crandall. E. Fonvster. A. I). GriiYin, R. AV. Barker, AVm. A\"estover. 
and many otliers. The longest official service of any one indivi- 
dual officer, was tliat of C. S. Bennett, who served as city clerk for 
eighteen consecutive years, from 1875 until 1893. For length, of 
continuous service AV. IT. Wood comes ne.xt. He is now sei-ving 
his thirteenth year as city marshal. E. Al. Evans occupied the 
oi^ice of mayor from 3S99 till 1905, which entitles him to first place 
foi- length of continuous service in that office. L. S. Keagle, hovr- 
ever, served an equal number of years, but his administration was 
not continuous. 

"All ll•.o^;c who were active in the organization and early 
operation of the city government have long since retired from the 
scene of public and business life, except Judge Gilchrist, who. since 
the organization of the fre.- public library has been serving an 
'indeterminate sentence' as ])resident of its board of truslfcs. " 


Vinton's Fjke DEPAi^TMEXT. 

Soon after tlie incorporation of thf> city in 1869 the council 
commouced to earnestly agitate the necessity for a more eftCL-tual 
protection from iirf tlian the means then at liand. Learning of 
a secondhand Button fire cn^dne at Ouirles City, it appoiuted a 
committee to go there and look it over. The result was that it was 
shipped to A'inton for trial, in tlie sjiring of 1^72, hut as it did not 
"throw water" as represented it was not put into active service. 
In the fall of the year the couricil purch;ised a new Button engine, 
holding the secoud-liand one for an euiergency, and in December 
the S. n. Watson Fire Company v/a.s organized, witli C. E. Porter 
as foreman. Tliis was the nucleus of Vinton's present paid 

The compan}' received its name in honor of Mr. Watson, who 
had presi'uted the boys with one hundred dollars for the purchase 
of uniforms. 

About the time of tlie organization of the pioneer fire company 
M'ith some forty moiibers, Rescue Hook and liaddcr Coinpany was 
formed. W. I). Reynolds was its foreman for many years and 
the first hook and ladder wagoj) was built by J. I\i. Crandall at his 

In 1877 the council appointed I\Ir. Stedraan as chief engineer 
of the deivtrtment and I\lr. Reynolds, his assistant. In that year 
the building for tlie housing of the ai)]'aratus. which had been 
erected in 1873 on the northwest corner of ^iiain and Market streets, 
was moved to the city iot. soulh^\•est corner of Washington and 
Concord streets. 

Virston's departnirrij nnw consisls of a modei'ji engine, hook 
and ladder, tluee hose carts and a wagon, and an efiieient force of 
al)Out ninety men, 

■ >''■.- W.\TEK Works. ' ' 

The Vinton Water Works comprise two artesian wells, 1.2S7 
and 1.425 feet in depth. The former, which has a capacity of 
sixty-two g;dlons per iinnute, was sunk in 1SS9 and the latter, with 
a supply of fifty gallons, was bored in 1892. In the spring of 190S 
the casing of the larger well so far crunitiled away as to threaten 
the city's snpi)ly, and. after a lo'-al contractor liad failed to repair 
the damage, the services of an expert Chicago concern were en- 


fraged. Since the fall of 1909 the wells have both been iu good 
order, and an air lift has b-'en added to the plant to assist the 
natnral flow of water. 

Eli;ctkic Light Plant. 

The City Electric Light plant was cojnpleted and accepted 
]\Iarch 20, 1S96, at a total cost of $17,000. It fumi.shes .some nine 
arc lights in {he. business center a]ul about 150 r^2-candle incandes- 
cent lights in the business portion of the city. Improvements ar*^ 
under \vay by \\hieh the plant will be so i]icreased as to furnish 
coLumercial and street light generally. The plans, if completely 
carried out, involve a virtual remodeling of the power house. 

Free Ptblic Library. 

^ilore than forty years ago— to be ]nore exact. September 29. 
1869 — the citizens of Vinton organized a library association, with 
J?ev. W. K. Chamberlain. lU'esidenL, and Dr. J. C. Traer. secretary. 
A fe^v days aftei'ward anotlier meeting was held at which these 
gentlemen, with T. S. PaJnier and ^I. Meredith, were appointed a 
committee 1o draft a constitution and by-laws. As is quite iil^ely 
to be the case, as the years j^assed it was the vromen of Vinion wh':- 
kept the lilnary idea alivi\ and on the 4th of July. 1S97. thost 
especiall\ connected witli the cluirrhes i;ave a uniuii dinner am; 
raised the first money for a free city library. Finally, in 1902. 
the Federation of Women's Clubs transferred the nucleus of the 
].i'esent lil)rary to the cit.y of Vinton. 

The Vinton Library Associalirm eelebrated Xew Year's day 
of 1902 by opening reading rooms over Bill's iev^-elry store, an 1 
the first books were issued on March 1st. In the same month th^- 
city election was held which assured a t^vo-jnill tax, or $1,400 for the support of the library. S. S. Lichty had already 
opened nesrotiations with Carnegie, who had agreed to donate 
$10,000 toward the erection of a building, provided the city raised 
at least $1,000 a year for maintenance expenses and furnished a 
.suitable site. The latter requirement was met by C. Ellis and Vv'. 
C. I^llis. father and son. after which a building committee was 
appoijited consisting of the latter, J. E. 'Marietta and Hon. O. "W'. 
l->urnham. On August 25. 1904, th*"- handsome edifice now occupied 
was formally dedicated. Its total cost was $15,000. Among the 
most lilieral donators to the coibM-tions were George Horridge. wlio 



presented tlie books on United States history; ^Irs. Viry:iuia Gay, 
who speeialized on literature, an(] the Smithsonian Institution whieh 
donated 70oloe:iea] speeimens. 

The Vinton library has now more than 7,000 well seleeted 
volumes, as well as all the standard i)eriodicals of eurrent litera- 
ture. Th.e rooms are open week days, afternoon and m'ening, aiid 


"__ x«l».^-,« «,^, 

■mm sa^ ^s^:.. ■.:^.... - ; v, : 

■ R?r<>j|» X^'^^-' fS^'i?' 




Sundays from 2 :oO to 4:30 P. Tvl. Thf^ librarian is ]Miss ?dae E. 
Williams, dauyhli^r of oi\q of \''inton's most promincjit ]>ioneer 
bankers, business men and eili/ieus. 

' iiir:',',' ' ■•' r :. y* " . 

The Tei.epjione Companies. 

In 1S84 the Iowa Teh.'phone Com))any. whose heatlquarters 
were at Des ^loines. established a branch ofliee at Vinton. Its 
business was al^sorbed hy tho Bell interests in U)Or) and in October, 
1907, its lines Avere ('omph.-tel.\- al)andoned. 

In the meantime (.la.nuary. ISOD), S. S. Lichty. of AVaterloo, 
Iowa, had lof)ked over tlie Vinton teleyWione fi(dd with the idea of 
determining the feasi])ility of opening a .scrond exdiange. In 


February the outlook seemed to warrant the incorporation of 
another enteri)rise, and the Vinton Teh^phone Company eame into 
existenee. Its charter was f^ranted hy the eity March 27 and the 
tirst poles were set April ^mli. .^^r. Liehly became first manager of 
the company, its other incorporators being F. G. Ray, A. S. Chad- 
bourne, AY. P. ^VhippI,•, G. :\1. Gilchrist aud AV. S. Goodhue. 

In September, 1906, the company was reorganized as the 
Vinton and Benton County Telephone Company — S. S. Lichty, 
president; G. iL Gilchrist, vice president and Glenn M. Averill, 
secretary. Mr. Lichty continued as the active manager and, 
within a year from the reorganization the line ^vas exteiided from 
Vinton so as to include many of the farmers of the county. In 
1909 a consolidation was eft'ected with the Corn Belt Telephone 
Company, which also anticipated a similar arraugement with the 
Farmers IMutual Telephone Coinpany. 

On ]\Iarch 31, ]902. the Farmers' Telephone Company's fran- 
chise was carried at the city election licld at Vinton, and Jolm 
Bunton was chosen iirst pi'esident. Soon afterward he was suc- 
ceeded by Milo Whipple, the pie.sent incumbent. Its vice presi- 
dent is Wilmer Burke; secretary, John Beatty; treasurer Jolm 
Lorenz, and manager. Cliarles Parcell. 

"Boostkr" Club of Vinton. 

In its name The Booster Club of Vinton fully expresses its 
objects ; and it has been the best organized promoter of the city. 
It was founded in November, 1906, and there has been virtually no 
change in its officers from the fii-st, viz: 'M. J. Tobin, president; 
S. S. ]>ichty. tirst vice ju'esidcnt; Dr. B. F. Schwartz, second vice 
president; George N. Urice, secretary, and Arthur B. Allen, treas- 
urer. The club has raised $75,000 to furnish Vinton with another 
railruad, vigoi-ously pushed an electric interurban company; im- 
proved sewerage and paving conditions and otherwise "'boosted" 
the city. The railroad scheme involves tlie building of thirteen 
miles of raili'oad connecting Vinton (now included in the Rock 
Island railroad system) with the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
line to the south. Electric connectioiis with the city are being 
promuted by the Booster Club through the Iowa Power and Trac- 
tion Company, which for a number of years has beeji extending its 
system from the south, via Fairfield and ^^farengo. 


World's Largest Cokn'-Caxxing Factory. 

The larp-t'st inaiiufacturiiifr euterprise in 13entou county, and 
the loading plant of its kind in tfie world, is the Iowa Canning 
Company which puts upon the market an average of eight million 
cans of i-orn per year. It was organized in 1892 by W. C. Ellis. 
Frank G. Ray and II. B. Kelley, as the Kelley Canning Company. 
The raw material is grown on a thousand acres of land near Vinton, 
and the company has branches at La Porte City, Garrison and 
Shellsburg, these being founded .sooji after the reorganization of 
the company under its present name in 1S95. Dr. C. C. Griffin 
is now president ; W. C. Ellis, vice president ; George Knox, treas- 
urer, and Frank G. Jiay. secretary. 

Tlie Vinton plant \\as the factory for the canning of corn 
west of the ^Mississippi river, and it is nudnly responsible for the 
growth and development uf the canning industry in Io\\-a, most of 
the plarits being practically outgro^>:•tl;s of tliis one. The product 
of the factories controlled by the conipany is distributed through- 
out the middle and western .states. little being shipped east of the 
Mississippi. Besides the factojy. Iln^ Vinton plant contains fine 
and well managed v.are-rooms, this being an important feature of 
the enterprise, and in the canning prrx-ess the modern and best 
improved machinery is used. Thi.s venture has been most success- 
ful from a financial standpoint, and has been managed in a most 
business-like manner. The company ovns three fine fanns and 
rents other land, amounting, as stated, to about one thousand acres 
in cultivation. The building site and other necessary space re- 
quires some fifteen Inmdred acres more. A regular force is em- 
j)loyed tliroughout the year and duving ihe active canning season 
some two hundred to Uxo hundred an^l hfi\- are ke])t busy. Thu< 
the enterprise is of importance fr>nn an industrial point of view. 
The management of the institution i.s s-ach as to imspire confidence, 
and the business is constantly growing in proportions. Most of the 
men connected with the business are also interested in other 
financial ejiterprises and are men of influence and prominence in 
the community. r/- ^',- - 

' Great Expectations Xot Realized. 

Vinton participated in the great expectations of wealth to be 
realized from the industrial utilization of the pearl products ob- 
tained fro!n the fresh-water mussels of Jowa. S. S. Clark organ- 


ized a compum- to establish a. factory at that point in 189S, plan- 
ning to put in operation the largest plant in the state, -capable of 
turning out 3,000 gross of finished buttons daily. The factory 
was built, although not on as large a basis as originally contem- 
plated. It was not fairly installed imtil July of 1901, the business 
haviug been incor])orated, as the Yinton Pearl Button Factory in 
the previous April. In September, 1906, the enterprise Wcis 
abandoned, so far as Vinton was concerned, and moved to 
Amsterdam, New York. 

Mtnnb Estema Park. 

Vinton is a pretty place, but, like uthej's which have grown to 
(■(msidci'able proportions, must have its special summer resort. 
This is known by the rojnantie Indian name of 2dinne Estenui 
(Sleei)ing AVaters) Park, and comprises forty acres of land, pictur- 
escjucly Avooded or richly grassed on the eastern shores of a beauti- 
ful lake; has a good .sumujer hotel, cottages, fishing, boating and 
bathing conveniences, as well as grounds for archery and out-door 
games, dancing pavilion, etc. It was platted as a town i)y George 
Yl. Knapp, A^inton's veteran abstractor and real estate man, in May, 
1S97, and he has since been improving the property to good 

^ , TiTE Masons of Vixton. i 

\"intou Lodge No. 62, A. F. & A. M., was instituted uiider dis- 
pensaliuii gr-anted ]May 11, 1S54. The first officers were: Elijah 
Evans, worthy master; AY. C. Conrad, senior warden; John il'c- 
Cartncy, junior wardc7i ; IJ. Ber'ry. treasurer; J. S. Epperson, 
sccrciai-y ; A. JohiLSou, senior deacon, and 11. J. Burley, junior 
deacon. The first report to the grand lodge embraced the names 
of James AA'ood, Jacol» S. Hunt, John Ferguson and William Jones, 
master masons. Under the charter of June 6, 1855, the first 
oflicers were: Elijah Evans, worthy master: "William C. Connell, 
senior wai'deu; John S. Epperson, junior warden; Harrison Berry, 
treasure!' ; James Woods, secetary; William Jones, senior deacon; 
Jacol) S. Hunt, junior deacon; John Ferguson, tiler. i\Iaster 
Masons whoso names appeared in the first annual rep(a't: Alexan- 
der Jolmson, .John ^Nfcrartney, S. I*. Brainard, N. ]\I. Wilson, James 
Ridlivan, Ro])ert IT. Wilson, Peter B. Smith, Sanford Moberly. 
Koltert Ho\nis, Payton B. Cidver, Sanuiel Osborn, James Hankins. 


Charles ^L Hare. ITiiirh P>. Jones. Elias IT. Bowen. James Thcnp- 
son, William Kollison. Kev. Julm Wriv,'])t. Thomas S. Palmer and 
Wesley Wliipple. The present number of members is about 150. 
with "W. C. ITnlse. worthy master; F. G. ]>ryner, j^onior warden; 
E. Tj. vStvait. jiuiiur warden, and W. E. P»iekel. secretary. 

Adonir;im Cliaptri- No. 1."). P. A. ^l.. was organized Jul.v 22. 
1856, and chartered June 1. 1S57: ori2;inal chartei- members. W. R. 
Latltrop (high i^riest). Eli.jah Evans (lung), J. ^1. Spafliord 
(scribe). W. C. Connell. C. ^L ITare. W. C. Stanberry, P. :\r. 
Fors\-th, E. P. Forsv-tli and A. G. Green. The chapter, as now 
oj'ganized. numbers 110 members with ofilcei'S as follows: L M. 
Reeve, lii^h priest: F. G. Brvuei'. kinp:; AV. C. Hulse. scribe, and 
W. E. Bickel. secretary. 

Cyphus Commaiidery No. 37, K. T.. was organized October 6. 
18S0, with Edwin A. Hewes, eminent commander: Abram Rose, 
generalissimo, and INfarion ^leivdith. captain general. Its in- 
corporators were Governor 13. !•!. Siierjnan. ^Tarion ]\[eredith. 
Edwin A. Hewes, J. A. Coh-ord. .}. A. Bills. T). :\I. Withrow. W. 
B. Reynolds, \T. C. Boggs. W. A. Tewksbury. 13r. C. G. Griffin. I. 
N. Chenowith and S. S. Reynolds. "W. E. Bickel is now serving 
as eminent comma^ider: AA'. IT. Thompson as generalissimo; 
Arad Thomixson. captain general, and J. E. AFarietla. recoi-der. 
Strength of the commandery. about ninety. 

A^intou Lodae No. 90. Order of the Eastern Star, was organ- 
ized Septen)ber 11. 1890. with E. .S. Ilubbai-d as worthy patron; 
]\rary AA'hitney. worthy matron, and ^[yra Gaasch. associate matron. 
Its charter niemi-ers v.ere E. P». Felker. J. C Traer, Georire AA"". 
Spcers. B. AI. Bills. Tilla Hoover. S. P. and :\rary E. Van Dike. 
A. B. and Antnir.ette Forrester. .]. B. Crane. J. G. Alalloiw. J. B. 
Bunten. D. D. Johnson. T. F. Tohin. Af. Gaasch. E. Felker. Alar.^ 
Speers. F. At. Hoover, and Afattie Jenkins. Thp lodge has a 
mombersliip of about 100. with I. AI. Reeve, worthy patron: 
Blanche AVatson. worthy matron, and Cora F. Bowman. secret<iry. 

The Odd Fellows. . 

A"^iiiton Lodee No. 83. T. 0. 0. F.. v/as organized Febru;iry G. 
1850, and chartered October 8th of that year. According to the 
miriUtes in the lodge record book', ent^^rcd un<lcr the former date, 
"I)e})uty District Grand Afast-r L. H. Keyes. agreeable to appoint- 
ment. a[)peared and duly instituted A'inlun Lodge, No. 83. I. O. 0. 
F. Immediately after the institution, 'M. D. h. AN^ebb was elect^ed 


noble y:r;ind; J. W. 0. AVcbb, vice grand; J. II. Shutts, secretary; 
G. W. Sells, treasurer. All were duly installed into their respect- 
ive offices by thf deputy grand master, assisted by Samuel Jack. 
as grand marshal."' As staled the charter bears date of October 
8. 185G, and tlie chartef members were: ^l. D. L. AYebb. J. AY. 0. 
Webb. Geo. AY. Sells, J. II. Shutts. Thos. S. Palmer. Hugh Joruon. 
II. B. Smith. J. L. Pauley, Jesse Amburu, S. F. :\I<-Coy and M. 
Lathrop. A'^inton Lodge Xo. S3 has always been one of tlie strong- 
est secret and benevolerst bodies of the city. Its officers are now: 
S. B. Tilson. X. G. ; II. A. Grant. Y. G. ; E. AF. Garn. secretary : F. S. 
Jameson, financial secretary: J. A. l^ills, treasurer; C. E. Gerber- 
ieh, \\arden ; A. P. Pose, i.-on. : AV. D. Scott. I. G. ; J. P". Alarietta. 
R. S. X. G.; I. AI. Garn. L. S. X. G. ; J. K. Spike. P. S. Y. G. : AI. 
Xissen, L. S. Y. G. ; A. P. Fellows, chaplain; A^ AY. Aikley. P. S. 
S.; C. E. BovN-en. L. S. S. ; and AY. Stripple, 0. G. J. A. Bell hi:s 
the distinction of having c'^.ntiiniorisly served as treasurer vf thtr 
lodge since 18G3. 

KxiGHTS OF Pythias. 

l-'idelity Lodge Xo. -17. K. of P.. wa.s instituted Afay '23. 1871"'. 
and cliartered February IP ]S80. Its original mcmbei"> comprised 
Henry Berharen. Jolni Kn;ipp, T. P. AA'illiams. .]. L. Tinkham, AI. 
Stern. A. B. Aloon. John G. Edmonds. C. B. Pose, G. D. Bacon. 
AYm. Alui'j-.hy, AViu. \Yilsoii. P. II. Pickcl. J. A. Kemp. AI. Shockley. 
AY. T. Seward. AY. C. Boo-s. A. A. AA^entz. 3ohn Fin-ry. C. L. AYhite. 
r. B. Kimball, J. AY. Smock. C. Y\ Aliller. AY. J. Taylor. F. Ab 
Baker and b"'rank P. Palyea, the five last mentioned being still 
residents of A'inton. Johri Krjapp was tiie first cluuicelor com- 
mander and 'J\ P. AYilliai;is. vice. Air. Aliller was keeper of 
records and seals. Air. Tayl"r master-at-arms and Air. Sniock master 
of the e.\c}ie(pier. The present officers of the lodge, which has a 
mf'mber.ship of nearly 200, are as follows: E. T. Bryant, chaneelor 
commander; P. T. Dunham, vice conunander; E. E. Strait, prelate; 
F. C. AYaterstradt. master of work; F. L. Gerberich, keeper of 
records and seals; George D. AIcElroy, master of cxche(p«er: AI. J. 
Silverman, master-at-arms; AI. J. Smetzer, inner guard, and I. 
Bruce, outer guard. Bernard Alurphy is past gi'arid commander 
and .sui")reme representative of the state. 



Tlie I\roderii V>'(;udaien of Arnci'iia liave a sti-ono- lodg»i at 
Vinton (No. ;')G), t-ojisistiim' of about tlnve hundred jnembers. It 
was organized ]\rai-e]i 2. ISSD, with ofticers as follows: S. A. 
TV'{i<i-nov, counselor ; II. AViloox. adviser; E. J. Sanders, banker; 
Joseph Eastwood, elerk ; J. C ITaines, escort; I). ^I. F\irnsworth, 
watchjuan; II. S. Snyder, sentry; and Dr. J. P. Whitney, physi- 
cian. The present ofiirers are: E. H. Bassett, counselor; I. ^L 
Garni. ])anker ; F. S. Janieson, clei-k ; J. H. McAndrews, escort; 
H. A. Grant. waU-luaan; I). Stai-bird. sentry, and Dr. C. C. 
Gnffin. Jr., pliysician. 

The Royal Xeiahboi"s lodire (auxiliary to ^l. AY. A.) was insti- 
tuted in A])ril. ISDO, has a n\enibership of lifty and the foUovring 
oftieei's: ]\Irs. Eugene Gams, oi-acle; ]\Ii"s. Leone Lockman, vice 
oracle; Mrs. F. S. Jameson, past oracle; ]\rrs. Call Thompson, sec- 
retary, and ]\r!"s. I. ^r. Reaves, trcasurei-. The first officers were 
Mrs. J. F. Allen, oracle; l\Irs. Janies Baunian, vice oracle; and ]\Irs. 
Ed. Sandej*s, secretary. 

TffE Epwoutit Le.agce. 

The Ejnvorth Lca.gue at Vinton, which now numbers seventy- 
five members, ^vas orgtinized in 1S89. Present officers: Charles 
Reed, president; C C. Hitchcock, vice ]u-esident; ^Trs. E. ]\r. Bardo. 
second vice ])resi(hn]t ; ]\ral)el B. 'Miller, third vice president; ^Nlrs. 
E. E. Strait, fourth vii:-<:" president; Elizabeth Jameson, secretary; 
Fae IMossmau, treasartM-; Constaricc Blair, pianist; F. G. Bryner, 
Jr., superintendent. 




Jamks F. YorxG. ^.Tillfk- -Eltjaji>, Early Offigial — 
]\r\i;i()N EvAXs. Ex-^Mayor — Cykkxitjs T. AVnipPLp:. "VTealtky 
Laxd Owxkr — AV. F. V\'illta:,;s. Baxkei.'. axd City Promoier — 
Joiix KxAPp Axr> IIi.s ErcKY Xti^ibfr — Corxelius Ellis. Pioxekr 
Lu-MBERMAX — Paul Courell, Old-'J'lme Mercjiaxt — George IIor- 


First to ^Iahry ix Vint(jx -.E J. Loizeux. Sp3ttler of '54— 
Kobert a. ITarper, also of '54- The Youxgs of '55 — Octogi:- 
XARfAX.^ ix liETiREiiEXT- -Levi S. .Mii^LEK, Veteran BusiXEts ^L\x 


•Jeweler — J)eax- of Ixsuraxce ^Iex — " Ralyea " Staxt)S for 
"iroTEL" — Campp.f:ll. 'jue Coxtractok — AV. AV. r^lEAXS, Old Cnv 

James F. Yor'xo, ?i!'iLLER 

JaiiK'S F. "^'oiiiiij; \-.c)s oiif of llie earliest and Lt.^^t knowu millers 
in l^eritoii <'Ounr>-: also a proip.iiient business man generally and a 
citixi-n of pnl>lit.' spirit, iicnerusily and kindly heart. Bom in 
Johnsoji eoinit.N'. Indiana, ho f:V>[. carcu^ vrr-st 1o L'Ava in L*^4S. when 
iiH was twr-nly-lhrep yea;-s of acre. lie s]u^vA (he winter of this 
year \u Cedar Rapids and in Deei-niljer. 1849, located in Big Cirove, 
Bentoji (onnly. th*' first setilci- in that towiishii). After engaging 
in farming for six years, in 1855 lit- located at Yinton. arnl bnilt 
tile first grist mill in thai connty that would grind wheat. It v/as 
one of the liest luiown n\ills in this set-tion of the state, and an illns- 
ration of it. as it appeal's in its later yeai-s. is here given. ^Nfr. 
Yoiinir also emraged in tiie fnrnitnrc business, being Wfll known 
as senior member of the ih-m (jf J. F. Yonng and Compa.ny; he 
also held various town and sdiool olTices and was one of the 
citizens of Yintou who reailx' assisted the ]da<e in its early gro\^•th. 



111 till' suiiDti'.T of 1848, A\h('ii 'Mv. Ytiiiu^' eanie to Benton 
i-ouiity fi'uin his Iiuliaiia lioiiie, lie eiiter<'fl sixty acres of land in 
li'MiiiJ (ico\c autl OIK' Inmdi'rd and sixty in Big Grove. The 
rnwt .sunninT he- returned to on horseback; was ninrried to 
^lary Beru'<'n. and with liis Ijride ranie to this new country in a 
huidier wation and settled in Eound Grove in a log cabin. Two 

After the death of las first wife in 1855 he left his fjirui and 
came to town. At the earnest I'eqnest of many citizens and v/ifli the 
promise of financial aid, he eonimeiircd in 1856 tlie ei'ection of a 



X q--Vk- 





VOLNG S (>1>I> KF.vUli >!!M,. VIN'I'ON'. 

tliree-story tlourinu' mill at the nnrtli end of Benton street. The 
hard limes eonn'ng on prevented inueh of the promised help mater- 
iali/ing. "With one fxeeptinn this ^\•as the unly mill this side of 
('e.hii' Rapids. A hn-ge business in grain and flour was carried on. 
L.dec he added a .saw mil!, where many tliousand feet of oak. 
lilack walnut and some red eedai' were smwkI. ^Ir. Yovnig built 
the first elevatoi- and when the raili'oad \\-as completed to this place 
the romi)any was furnished i-oom in it for station free of eost until 
a. depot could be built. In 187:' he l.cught a half interest in the 
fnrnilui-e business of G. AY. Freeman. Tie remodeled the store 
and .idded a steam manufacturing plant, wh.cre liic lumber from 
Vol. 1 -:?2 


his saw mil] was inailc into furniture. In these various enterpris- 
es he furnislied enipl«»ynieiit to many men and Icept a large araount 
of money in cireuhitioii. thus doin^- more for tlie Imilding up of 
the town in the first thirty years of its existence tliau any other 
person. He crave hearty encouiagenicnt and financial aid to 
whatever would benefit tlie town. 

He was a charter member of tlie first fire company and sensed 
ten yeai-s as an active member. Yv^lieii the war broke out he de- 
sired to enlist, but there was no one to take the mill off his hands 
and no other mill near. Wlienevei- he heard a man say "I would if my family cox^lil be cared for." ^\y. Yoang v.ould answer. 
"Go on, I will care for ihcm;" in tliat v\ay he made it possible for 
many to vuiunteer. In 1850 lie built the home where be 
still resides. YiV. Yi.ung was a charier meml)cr of tlie First Presby- 
terian churrh. and one of its first elders, which office he filled over 
forty years. He subscribed for the first issue of the Vinton Engle, 
which hns been a re^^ular visitor at the home from that day to this. 

^liss T. L. Fello-AS w;h born in New York, September 26, 1829. 
Her father. Rev. L. H. Fellov.s. was for thirty years pastor of the 
Congregational church, in the mountain home where the first 
quaitcr century of hci- life was spent. In June, ]S55, she landed 
in Yinton, coming by stage fj'om the ]\Iissi.ssippi. She taught a 
school for girls in tbe little building, vrhich has been erected w^hcre 
]Vrr. C^^'^ner's house aftei-ward stood. This building was also used 
for church services on the Sabbath by the Presbyterians in the 
morning and the Baptists in the afternoon. In September, 1857, 
]\[iss Fellows was united in marriage to J. F. Young. Three 
children, vrere born to them. 

....... Et/iJAH EV.\NS. EaKLY Ofi'ICIM,. 

Elijah Evaiis vrns one of the prominent cnu] sociable men of 
Harrison town.shi]) and Yinton from 1S4S to 1870. He was a 
native of Kentucky, born in 1815. In 1836 he went to Indiana 
to live, remaining there till 1842. wli.;^n he removed to ZMarion, and 
ill 1816 07ito his farm in Harrison towu'^hip, this county, where he 
lived till thp spring of 1853. when he moved to Vinton and went 
into the juei-cantile business. He was engaged in this till the 
si)ring of 1858, when he .sold out and moved back to the farm in 
Harrison to\mshii>. He i-ame io Yinton again in the spring of 
1801 and engaged in the harness and .saddlery business. 

In ]\ray, 1870. Tvlr. Evans moved by team to Southern Kansas, 


locJtting at liHk'jjL'udeiK'O. Three years later lie moved to TVelling- 
t(iii. where he lived till his dialii, v.diieh oceurred June 30, ]883. 
Ill ]8oS lie was married to i\n;i;^clte H. Forsyth, a daughter of 
John S. Forsyth, who was tlie first eoimty judge of Benton eounty. 
They had nine ehildren. Mrs. Evans died at Wellington Decem- 
ber 2. ISSl. Five of their children are still living. 

Elijah Evans held many oflieial positions during his life, 
sui-h as eonnnissioner's elerk of Linn eounty. when Benton eounty 
was also included; police judge of both Independence and "Welling- 
ton ; probate judge of Sunnier county, Kansas, as v.-ell as smaller 
ofiices. such as justice of tin- peace, .school director, etc. ]Mr. Evans 
and wife were acti^■e mcml>ers of the ^Methodist chureh. He was" a 
man of strong convictions aud always had tha courage to stand by 
them. ]\fr. and ]\Irs. Evans were always knovrn as generous enter- 
tainers and it was a i-are thing to find the faniil>' alone at home, 
such was their desire to have their fi-iends come and visit them. 

^Marion IjVans, Ex-TiIayoij. 

IMarion Evans came to Benton county with his parents in 1846 
and for a number of yeais, before coming to Vinton, lived in 
llai-rison townslii};. lie was married to ^liss Sadie Merritt. of 
that place, December 31. 18GS. and tlie folhnving year they moved 
into the home which they still ucciip\'. .Air. ]:^vans was mayor of 
Vinton from 1S99 to 1904. 

Cykenius T. Wmippi.?;. WKAi/niv Land Owner. ' " 

Tyrenius T. Whip]^!e. fatli-r of lion. Willinm P. Whipple, 
entered 210 acres of land in Taylor township during the \vinter 
of 1850. He was ilion twenty-thice. a resident of Indiana who had 
Ix'eii engaged for some years in the ^Mississippi river trade with 
New Orleans. ^[r. AVhipple located permanently on his land in 
AuLaist. 1854. having also entered land foi- his parents who accom- 
panied him. Oyrenius T. married into the pioneer Cline family 
in 1850. He became tlie father of five children, the youngest of 
whom. C'>ra J., is the widow of Lieutenant Guy Kellogg, a typhoid 
fever victim of the Spanish-American war. At his death in 1900 
the fatlier left one of the largest landed estates in Benton county, 
comprising nine hundred acres v.) Taylor township. 

"SMien "Mr. Whijifjle located permanently in Benton eounty 
(in 1854* he loi-ated on land ridjoining Viiiiun ar.d built a liouse 


(•ostinj,' about one thousaud dollars, which was then considered 
([iiite a h\v<T,i; sum to be expanded on a residence. ^Ir. V7hipple 
ein^afred in fanning- in ISDO; bon<i-ht land still nearer the town site, 
for wlii.-h he paid fifty df.Hai-s an acre: and eventually he became 
tlie (.wTier of nearly one thousand acres, much of it adjacent to 
Vinioij and very valuable. 

AY. F. AYiLLiAAis, Tjaxker and City Promoter. 

AY. F. Williams, one of the fa-st bankers of Vinton and for 
years oiic of the most enterprising citizens of the place, settled in 
"Benton county in 1S5G. He was born in Fairfield county, Ohio. 
Alay 22. ]830, and in 1849 vv-ent to California, via Panama, and for 
about seven years was a tr.idr-r at Afarysville and vii-inity. In 
1856 he located in Benton county, near Vinton, entering 500 acres 
of land and improvinff his farm to some extent during the succeed- 
ing summei and fall. Yiv. Williams then returned to tlie Pacific 
coast, spending seventeen >;ears in California and returning to 
Viniun in April. 1867. Tt vwis in that year that he engaged in the 
banlcintr business as a member of the firm of Traer 5: Company, 
continuing alone both in thai Ynv and as a large dealer in both 
farming lands and city real estate. In the years of his greatest 
activity, no man in. Vinton or Benton county made more property 
improvem-^nts than Mr. Y\'i]l!ams. He married Miss Frances E. 
Fielding, a nativ- of Lan.-;is1er. Ohio, born January 2G, 1860, and 
they had four daughters—Alae Ella. Lizzie. Maud and Jennie. 
The eldest has served for a number of years as librarian of the 
Yipton Public Library. ■ - . 

Jonx Iv:<APF' AXD His Lucky NrMP.ER.. 

The title and abstract office of George P. Knapp. at Vinton, 
represents the old.^st business house in uninterrupted activity in 
Benton county. Tt was establishod by his father. John Knapp. 
who became a resident of Vinton in the spring of 1857. at that time 
engadng both in farmincr and in makiiic? alistracts of title. Pos- 
ses'sed of the characterivti.- instinrl of tlu^ Pennsylvanian. both a 
maker and a saver of money, th.- .-Ider Air. Knapp came to this 
community without a dollar in his pocket. Before his death he 
had not only built up a large abstract business, but become the 
owner of thrcP luindred and forty-five acres of farming lands in 
Cedar township, whr-re he passed his Inst years. 


' Previous to coming to Iowa, John Knapp had had an inter- 
esting and remarkable expcrieure. A native of Philadelphia, 
born S( |»tem])er 9, lS2;'i, be \vas M-unt to siy ttuit nine wns his lucky 
number, as he was born on the ninth day of the ninth month of the 
twenty-nintli year of the niiu-teenth century. He lived in Phila- 
delphia until his fifteenth yeai-, v/hcn he v.eut to the south, residing 
in Tennessee and ]\Iississippi until the oatbreak of the jMexican 
war. He was therefore about seventeen yeai-s of age when he en- 
listed in the First Mississippi Kifles, passing from that oommand 
to the Second Mississippi Eifies. and serving vrith credit throughout 
the entire war. He was in the battles of Monterey nud Buena 
Vista, being wounded in the latter engagement ynd was discharged 
at Vicksburg, .Afississippi, July 29, 1849. 

As Sh'. Knapp left the service witli a fine j-ecord as a soldier, it 
may be inferroJ that tlie '"nine," which again eiitercd into the 
date of his discharge, continued to stand as his lucky number. In 
1850 'Mr. Knapp tirst came to Iowa, but after remaining only a 
slioi-t time in the state, went to St. Paul, Minnesota, for tlie pur-- 
pose of volunteering in 1he Indian war. After a few mouths' 
service against the Sioux and other u)iruly tribes in the northwest, 
be relumed to Phila'.Iclphia and inar]"ied an old acquaintance, 
Hannah Kimley, of Berks county. Penn.sylvania. They resided 
in the City of Brotherly Love for about six years after their mar- 
riage ; came overland to Lnva in 185G, and in the following spring 
made their home in Vinton. Besides inaking a fine record as a 
business man and farmer. John Knapp was repeatedly called to 
serve his neighbors and wider circles of citizens in various offices 
of public trust. He held the ."^upcrvisorship of the county from 
1S65 to IStVJ, and frotn 1S7] to I87r>, and honored vrith minor 
offices connected with the township ajid tcliool board. He was one 
of thf first a]id most prominent menil^ej-s of the old iMt. Auburn 
]\Jethodist church, and became the father of nine children (iiicky 
number again) all but two of whom, daughter, reached maturity 
and acquitted themselves with the utmost credit as useful men 
and women. 

CoKNELii y Ellis, Pioxekr Li;mbek-M-AX. 

Cornf^-lius Ellis, who died at Vinlon June 3, 1909, came from 
his fatlier's farm near Indianapolis in JSoG. being tlien twenty- 
nine years of age. With his brother, A. PI. Ellis, he establislied 
the Ellis lumber yard in 1864. It is ciainicd this is the oldest 


concern of the kind in the county. The elder I^Ir. Ellis developed 
many other business and financial enterprises, his successor in these 
various interests, as well as his most active assistant during life, 
being W. C. Ellis. The latter eojitrols several banks and is vice 
president of the Iowa Cainiing Company, the largest corn -canning 
eslablislnnent in the world. 

"'• Paul Corrlll, Old-Time Merchant. 

Paul Correll, of late years president of the State Bank of 
Vinton, is also one of the substantial citizens and Fremont Repub- 
licans of the county seat. When ihirty-tv^'o years of age he came 
to Vinton from Chicago, where he had been living for seven years 
as an einployee in Potter Palmer's store. His first business ex- 
perience was obtained in his native srate of PennsA'lvania. Mr. 
Correll conducted a geiieral store in Vinion, farmed exteasively in 
Big Grove and Taylor townslii]:)S, and finally, as stated, largely 
centered liis interests in the banking business at Vinton. 

George HoiunnGK, Leading Banker. 

George Horridge. one of the old and prominent bankers and 
citizens of Vinton, has been a resident of the county seat since I65S. 
As a hardwai'C merchant . a banker, a generous supporter of the 
public library and a citizen of public spirit. ]\Ir. Horridge's per.son- 
ality is fully set forth elsewhere in this work. He is one of th«^ 
oldest Republicans in Io\\'a, voting for Fremont in 1856, and it is 
said that nothing has been able to keep him away from an election 

C. 0. Harringtox, F.arly Banker. 

C. 0. Harrington, who has been identified with the banking of 
Vinton for nearly forty years, lias been one of the best friends who 
have been devoted to the College for the Blind. He was a teacher 
in that institution for two years and a trustee for sixteen. 

First to Marry in" Vixton'. 

]\r. 1). L. Webb, a Kentuckian who lived in Franklin, Indiana, 
from the time he was fifteen until he was twenty-six years of age. 
<'ame to Vinton with his father's family October 10, 1S51, being 


therefore among the real pioneei-s of that place. He engaged in 
farming, stock-raising and meix-antile pursuits, but his chief claim 
to local distinction was the fact that when he married Miss ]Mary J. 
Neckett, April 5, 1S53, lie enrolled himself as the first husband to 
assume the proverbial "bonds" in Vinton. Evidentlj'- Mr. Webb 
was fairly well satisfied vritii his change in life, or else he was not 
of a roving di&i)Osition, for the local annals have it that after he 
had commenced housekeeping he continued to reside in the same 
place about a quarter of a century. ^Iv. Webb's chief business 
associates in the ear]y diiys were Dr. Truer and Kussell Jones. The 
story goes that they had such a monopoly of business in the to^vn 
that they could easily gather togethei- all the money in Vinton in 
twenty' minutes. 

J. J. EoizEux, Settler op '54. ■ 

Tlie Jalo J. J. Loizeaux, father of Leon S. Loizeaux (president 
of the Cedar Valley Land and Imestment Compan}'), was a native 
of France v/lio entered laud in Jackson township, west of Vinton, 
in 1854 and lived upon his homestead uutii liis death in 1887. 

Robert A. ILvrper, Also '54. 

■ '■ Robert A. Harper is a retired farmer of Vinton, who was 
brought by his parents from Indiana in 1854, being then three 
years old. His father, John Harper, was born in Scotland, and 
in that year entered a quarter section of land in Polk township 
upon which he loccited the family homestead. A brother, J. 
Wilson, Jives on his farm in Harrison township, and has also re- 
tired in prosperous eircnmstances. 

The Youngs of '55. 

Thomas and John Young settled in Canton touTiship in 1855, 
coming from La Porte county, Indiana. In the follo\nng year 
the brothers were joined by their parents, Thomas haWng brought 
them from the old Nev\- York home. All became ^\•idely known. 
At the time of his death, in 1893. Thomas Young was the owTier of 
2300 acres in Denton and Linn counties. John Young retired 
from fanning during that year, moved to Vinton, and has been 
president of the People's Savings Bank since 1901. 

344 lJlS'JX>in' OF }5KXTOX COUNTY 


Sanuu.'l E. Keitl!, now in his eighty-third year, is ojie of the 
pioueei-s oi breadth and energy wlio have foiuided Vinton on a 
solid b;isis. Direct from liis reiinsyivania liome, v.hile inve-sti- 
gating the new western (•(>iinljy in the sprin;^ of 18r)6, )ie stopped 
at Iowa City, then th^^ terminus of lov/a's first railroad. Falling 
in witli Harvey Gay. "William Loree, Silas Osgood ;ind John A. 
MeDaniel, lie joined the party of young m'-u bound for Vintoii. 
They all labored and won substantial places there, but Mr. Keith 
alone survives of that little anibitious band of ISnfl. 

Waltei" B. ^^in Horn, nr-iw in his eighty-first year, has been c. 
retired business man of Vinton for thirty years or inore. He is 
a settler of 1856 and condnctr-d a rombijied hardware and drag 
business for nearly a qitarter of a eentury. A native of New York 
he came to Vinton from Cedar TJapids. Vvliore he liad been engaged 
in business for three years. 

Levi S. ^liLi.Ek. VetePvAX Bl.sixess ]Man. 

Among the early business rii'":'n of Vinton well i-eiiiembered by 
its pioneer eitizt-ns was Levi S. ^Miller, long the junior member of 
the firm of Tinkliam vfc Millei-. grocers. He was a merrhant tailor 
in his eiU'l>' yeai-.s. followijig fh<' trad',- in Ohio and then<-e .-omiiig 
to ^larysville. Benton <-ounty. After clerking in a strire there a 
short time, lie loeated at Vint'in in 185S. Besides being a tailor. 
insurame man and grocer, I\lr. ]\Ii!ier had varied csperienees in 
local political life, being to\m clerk, city assessor, township asses- 
sor, and mayor of Vinton. 

Palmer Brotfiers, Oeu Druggists. 

Two of the old-tinic drnegists. whose names will be recalled 
with pleasure by early settlers of Vinton, were T. S. and H. N. 
Balmer. They were brothei-s. botli natives of Richland county. 
Ohio. T. S. lived ;!t home itntii he w;is of age. when after travel- 
ing for a tiiue in the south, iti ^A[>ril, 1848, located at Burlingrton. 
Towa. In the following sprinc-- he joined the tide of migration 
toward the Pacific coast. Aftei- two years of experienc-c among 
the California c'old-diggers. he was ready to return to civilizati<.^i: 
and ti' the Buckeye statr. He remained tv.o months at home, an-l 
came again; located at \'iiiton in Ajiril. ]S5'2, and engag^-d 


ill the drug business in 1S55. H. N. Palmer, the younger brother, 
eauie to Vinton in 1854, when he was only twelve years of age, 
and engaged in the dx-ug, book and stationery business in 18G6. 

John 0. Bills. Pjoxeek Jeweleij-. 

John 0. Bills, one of t!ie piuneer citizens of Vinton, and 
among it.s first jewelers, came to that eity September 10, 1856, and 
at onee engaged in the business which he had pursued since his 
early boyhood. He is a Vermontoi-. born at ^.lontpelier, February 
20, ]831. He lived in the (ireen ]\lount;iin state until he vras 
twenty years of age, when he loi/ated at Lowell, ]\rassachusettj^, and 
learned the jewch-y l)usin('ss, l)C'ing enii)loypd subsequently in the 
famous ^V;ilTha.Jn Watch factory at Koxbury and Waltham, ^Massa- 
chusetts. In ^lay. 1861, after having established himself as a 
jeweler at Vinton, "he became very popular among its citizens, and 
was up]K)intcd })o>tMi;istcr of tlie place, holding that office for four- 
teen years, from ISol to ]87-'i. ... 

, ■ Oldest Active Druggist. 

-Joseph S. l.ii'ultriker. cf VintoiL is t!ie uld;'st actiw; druggist 
in Benton counly, having established his business at that plar-e in 

Deax of Ixsuraxce Mex. 

John E. ^[arietta is the dean of insurance men in Benton 
county, liaving established himself ai Viiiton in that line of busi- 
ness in 1875. He is also a man of miini'-ii)al afi'airs; is one of tlie 
fouudois of the public librai'\ and water work--;, and one 'jf the 
leading ^Nfetliodis'.s in the state. 

"Baia-ea'^ St.'Vxds for ''Hotel.'' 

Foj- nearly lialf a centur>- the name "Ralyea'' has been asso- 
ciated in the minds of Vintonites v.ith the hotel Ijusiness. The pio- 
neer of the family. E. Kal.vea. lived in his native state of New York 
f<n- twent.x'-five engaL'ed n tli.^ dair.v and railroad Inisiness. In 
1854 he became a ivsident of Vinton, and foi* a iiumber of years en- 
k'aged in buyini; and sliipping grain, ]irodu<'e and gauK;. In 1862 lie 
founded the Ti-i'iiio;:t Hou^e. \\;is tlien in IIk- liverv business for a 


number of yc-ars, and iji 1874 built the Jialyeji House, then the 
largest ami most complele hotel iu iJeuton couuty. The Ivalyea 
House is slill run as a lirsl class iiotd by th'-' son, K.. 
wlio is uow a iniddle-aL(fd. man. 


Samuel M. Canipbell stili a v/oll kuovrn street contraetor of 
Viiilou, although i;e is sixty-iiiue years of age, has beeu a resideut 
of llie eouuty seat since 1S5-I. 

^V. AY. IMuANs, Old Citv Majishaf.. 

Amoug tlie bvsl kno'svu in couueelion with the city's af-tivities 
at Viutoji v,-as AY. AY. Means, who served about a dozers terms as 
city r.iarshal. He v.-as one of iis early settlers, boirig a uative of 
J*ortage county, OJjio. and Icirnirg tlie trade of the carpenter and 
.ioiuer while a i-e>idL-ui of Judica>a. He ea.'ae to Iowa I'y wagon, 
being five v.eehs on tlie v.ay, irnvl upon his. arrival a.t Yinton. •^iny, 
^Si^o, went to work a I his trade. lie v/as in tiic lanks of tlie 
Twenty-eighth lov.a Inioulry Eegiinent, Con:]. any I), and soon' 
after ])is return to Vinton commenced his long service as city 


Eistory of I'ouDdin^ a^d Naix 
irig- of City Given B}^ J. ( 
; Huttou, Son of Fou'iider. 

Some fii^iiL jowrK aj;o when p)a 
Vfi:"' bfirv^ p:':rfectofl ;o bold t 
sonji-c^nu-hninl ce!f-bration of t 
frjuii.iir.f; of Pr'lle Plain*.', an cff 
Vii'^ niiide to ;: Jcei'tftiu df^'finitoiv \ 
exact tizne o:: ;&e found^n^ of Ti 
ri;!!ne but tlir effort 'A'as crcv,-i 
with , indiffc-.ivn£ pucce.-js . 

for r!->ore than fj/Tj- yt?ars In uc 
bu>irfs.s in Pelb'' Plairic, and ftm^ 
the ir-w tariy .^'ntJcrs yet llnrig. 
toit.sce<i hiiTis^-If in the matft^r. T 
co; iesfiorulouce v-iih Mr. .J. Q. I 
ton. son of Presley Ilutton. ins f- 
der of tho town now living st K 
T\-ood. aJifornia. tt ooveloped that 
Hutton bad r-. very clc-ar r^collecl 
of the mriUvT. At the requefrt of 
L^-vrrence, Mr. Hu'ton was prevs 
apon to v-Tiif! an account of 
' iound'.ng fe-nd tbe story as x^n■•.ie 
yXr. HiittoT»: and re.'d before tbe 
tjiry Club at its noonday rt-tJ-Uo 
Tuf'ft-'iJayr is prswat?'<i 'bt-r<iV.itB, 

The arcklo i? quite corupiete i 
tail and is ?, vatluable addlucis U 
oarly hi.story of Belle Pi&fae aj 
Khou'ic be prpserrcd in the rircj 
of tbtj city for tho b^-aefit of pd 
,ity.. . 

In the fall of E)r;h->--ep. Hundrei 

Sixty One. 8 genrleman by the 
|— '^-^ -— -.-va,^ hv hor 

1 by tno I 
■se. into J 

•gr'T'7g?g gs^aPij^AVt'^ ''?'gp's''''^^^"-^"'" •'^'^" 

: ■ .-bULl^ . : 

History of Jfounding sAd Nam- 
ing- of City Given By J. Q. 
Ilntton, Son of Founder. . 

w<i.- bf-ir..,' p.irl 

aso wlitn p)anri 
p<irfj?ct('(i 10 bold thp 
celebration of the 
fotirdirR of Pelle r;n!i!._', ap. cfti.rt 
Will nj.iUe to :! ;cei!s;r. deflntlcly '.lie 
exJict tinio of ;i)e fo-jiitilng of tii'Ur 
ri;i:ne hut tl.e eft'ort wa.-? crov.-ned 
s\itli inriitien'-fit Mieee.'jS. 

' 'fie.ssion in the early rpiinir of 
.;;;. Almoft Jtnmciliately Wiur W 
ovpj onto .the lann. a l!n-? uver the 
';.i kiy-; liili was .-urvoyed a:i<l. oc 
. .!l:^^ r:;n t!:iu the itiHdle <.;' our 
P'.t*-<i. '/v'ithout delay, tlu' fu;;ip'iny 
iiiloilleil llie line sm.t .-it Q■n<•,^ o..« ih--).- 
grade .^i.Tkes. To riirlhei- .nligiir.n 
vol), .-is- to tlie railroad. I will s.-iy at 
thiK point, that tlic line h,\<l been (ii.<; j 

et) loeated. and 

h tlip;.*' forty, t 
I 10 plaee a depot on o: 
led thv death kneil of I: 

.\AMI.NC TflK TOV.- 
eh coald be ?aid at l!i; 
ver. I fear at tlij.s late r 
1 t";iil of interest so we v.i 
lie matter to the actual : 
•Ivei and yiterested on.:,, 
ly elated over our '^u- ■ ■ 
or seemed to rt-joU.' -.. . 
sut-"e>ie(1 ii li-.e-.- 







for more tl'-an fifty years In 
bu-ir.(-;s in Bc!!e plsiii", nnc; 
tb? few early ■i-rttlers yet llri 
teie.ucd hinaseif in the matter. Tbrc 
coirespomleuce' with sir. J. Q. liul- 
ton. son of Tresley Iiutton, the ,'oun- 
tier of tho Iowa now living at Kolly- 
v,ooci. aJifornia. It developori th.-.t Mr. 
had a very clear recollectloti 
of the mnttT. At the retiue'ft of llr. 
Lawrence, Mr. Hii'ton was prevailed 
upon to w-rlte an account of the 
founding hnd Ibe story- as r.-.'-ittea by 
>rr. Hutlor. anti re:.'.cl bei'pre the no- 
tary Club at its coonday rteeilng on 
Tuef:'iay,"" 'i.s prG>.ented "bertwitn. 

Tl.e article if Quite comi.!ete In de- 
tail and !:i a valuable atWItion to the 
esily hl^itory of Belle J'lalne and it 
t.houlti be preserved in the archlveii 
cf the city for the benrfil of po.s-ter- 
.•;y. . 

.Ir. the fall of Eigh'Seen Hiinclrec! and 
Riity One. a gentleman by the name 
of Dealer road by hor.=e into Irvine, 
and made inquiry as to v/hether 
there were i^riy one who would be in- 
terested in purehasing a farm in that 
vicinity. The man resided i" lows 
t'ity and .had become the owner of £ 
i-i'iii known as the Bill Poa'ehvar 
f-v,., sitiiated about one-half mi'i 
1 .::.: of the village known as Oninn- 
• II.' My father was reecom.niendei 
.' Mr. Deater as more likely to hi 
ere.-'ied tiian any other pel son 

Just 1 
a train of 
it). The t 

trip to the 
!^"t n look .- 
of ears (tlii 

ek I ihi.v. at th;,T ;., .. 
was in the neighborlsood of .some j 
four miles east of the point selected, 
tor the townsight of ]Vo- I 
pie on the Buckeye side of the lii.s j 
I.fill were elated and made the pre- 
diction that Buckeye was the point' | 
for a big town and indeed, there w'Es'i 
every reason for that b.-lief. I shair! 
show later on that my fatlfer worked* 
u.nder a big disadvantage in his ef-H 
fort to draw the coveted prize: name-'. i 
ly — a station located o.>i his farm.' I 
Smith and 'V.'olf secured the contract j 
to do the Eradinc from a p.■^int Ju$t 
west Oi Buckeye which inciuded zhe 
blK cut and as far as a point just 
west of Salt (Ti-eck.r). W. Reed, 'whom'' 

Just east of this. In a short time the ! 
hill east of Belle Plaine wa.s Just | 
covered with s^-orkmen. and. the work | 
pn-iihed very rapidly. j 

'Walker, cluef engineer f()r , 
the railroad coir.panv, fortunately for j 
my father's project, made it convenl- j 
•nt to make our home a place af 
vUich to .stop. At this point -I v;iH ! 
itato that, the first effort ray father ; 
made when the officiaKs were all ! 
ta.king dinner at our home, did not ' 
augur, ad! f '°j hoped for. and caused , 
deep g:off;^..-..;j'Oie Huttoa family. To' 
eyplain af t^^s point, the bis handi- 
cap under which my father had to = 
work. I will state — the railroad oifi- 1 ■ 
cials siiid: "It in impossible to even ■ 
consider such a as to locate j 
a station on your farm. Mr. Hutton. L 

-nii as usua'l ;-tcpp-d for d;t;nf 
pootii mother Jiad a .splendid 
for •them . The oubject wijich i 
on tiie min,;. of everyone .. 
shall we call the townV V,. 
tlijt live in a.s beautiful a i 
:is the sun ever shown on. 
bears an appeilarion second t. 
i 1 think, should bn thankful i 
ill ni.ide that beautiful 
bout June in ilie vear ISf 


accord tiie par 
uovc around. ' 
ing and then 
1 of our house 

■emed to 

.stood a-i 
vent out 

f.u on 


irave an 

our house jffa>i_sitrJ.' 

■.vest. .1.11.1 
tifu!. On- of 
I'.ick aUil i.;,5Gd 
Ruddenl.v be t 

f Hi? 


name to 


.v:.;te,.i for i 
My mother and sister, 
as .^frs. Maholn. were ■.• 
ime seemed to be so 
location that I now 
verc not n .-!'!;;.-;it:,.' 

■iile." Ii 

father owned an vn for the 
in station!- 

heei\ I'l 

trains ti 

At this ti! 
I iii,p:oT.-rt farm on Buckeye, and, ifl 
j asmiich, as the farm offered for sal 
eighty aei*es under plov/, am 
there were some buildings upon Jt, 1 Sitalt C 
appealed tfi. my father a-s ctetvirablo 
hence the deal was made and lh< 
IflO acre farm (destined to be occu 
pled by tho beautiful city of Beli< 
I'h.iiie) became the property of I'rosj 
I' V iluiiui;. 

.»-t this lime there had not been ; 
survey mail- for a railroad t'.v.u th<j.ii-i:ils 
aforesaid furm. However, there hai| j*i-emi> 
be'-n 1 /urvey made thru lrvin;r anc| er eiiv 
a lino fiad also been rim noutii of th-j N\'alk< 
place, consequently there was itotj venler 
any consideration in oiTivinR at the! if cer 


rery good reason tiiat our 
at this time have already 
ated and then, the great 
;. is.'the steep grade from j ,,.;,, j , 
»k to the top of the hill, Il|;t sj,,.,, 
, very expensive to brinisj,),,, „,,,,. 
stop on a side hill." [^.f.^ ^,f jj 

.Alter the pfficials had ROne and thejni;,, ^„ 
next time Mr. Walker carae the lo-j„f ,,-,, 
cation quesUon. of bourse, came up..j doubt 
and'. Mr. Walker expressed de.ep '■<"■ i! rt-- it 
^•.ret'the decision made by the of- {;,,.; j.,-i.i 

ry and they 
Jlelle Plaine 

Thii-; f ,1 -.• 

ladly . (!< 
should be 


detail many ihiiigs th.-i 
rest to - !lio pioneers, h 
ris Lo whether or not ;. 
Mo'iYM in-erest those ■.• 
eniraired with the de:r.. 

lo be to the effect that furih 
should be made and he IM'' 
, would at his earliest eor. 
lake the matter up and sei 
n oiTcrs of land would main 
value of the farm on tho account of] a clirmKe in the decision •'''■™<1' 
the pro.speel of the proposed railroad, ">'ide. I will not ro '"'.i lUtails. , yt 
which v/e expected to be built from' r,.;.- lo say. 100 acres was tin' priei 


11 d I 

' I 



Business Start — Tije E.ailroad 1'lat- — Bad Business Out- 
come — EARL-i' Growtij of Belle Platxe — Fjrst Foundries — 
Chicago and Northwestern I*lants — CoRr-OKATiON of Belle 
Platne — The Fire Departmen'i — Tue Great Fire of 1894 — Light 
and Po^vER Plant — Arte.:;lvn Water Works — The Telephone 
Service— Public Libr^vry — Tue Belle Pialnb Opera House — 
He,rrlxg Cottage— The Bailev IIolSl — Four Leading Est^vblish- 
MENTB — ]\Iasonry IN Belle Plaini: — Odd Fellowship in Belle 
Plainf — Knights of Pythias — The "Grand Army" Post — Le- 
gion of Honor — Modern Woodmen op xVmerica — I:.iproved Order 
of Bed ^Men —Bohemian Societies — Railroad Unions — Wood- 
iiEN OP the Worli)~-O.Iodern Woodmen of Americ.-\. — Highland 
Nobles and C. C. C. 

Belle Plaine is to the southern part of Bfntou couiity — the 
old Soiithern Slope — what Yinton is to the northei-ii portion, 
niinu.s only the dig:nil\' v.'bich attaches, more or less to the city 
which is the seat oi. justice and polities. The site of Belle Plaine 
was laid out in .18G0 by Presley Ilutton. the original plat being 
made shorlly before the eomplelion of the Cliieago & Northwestern 
railroad to this point. Its site on tlie northern bank of the lov/a 
riv'cr is not unlike that of Yinton on the southwestern shores of 
the Bed Cedar, and the ]jopulation of the cities is not far apart. 
Toward the southwest the conntry gradually rises from an eleva- 
tion of more than eight hundred feet toward a more hilly region. 
It is considered one of the charming stretches of interior Iowa, and 
may well account for tlie ''beautiful plain" by which the town is 

Business Start. 

Shortly before anfl shortly after ^Ir. ITiitlon had -platted the 
town, Y\'il]iain Y'hite and I. N. Ishaai erected .stores upon the site 

y,7 ' ' ' • ■ " . 



of Belle Plaiiie, and a :\rr. Crider aud 11. Jl. Sniitli arrauj^ed their 
little stoeks (.f <^a)ods therein. They were its tirst merchants. 
About tlie san.r time Georire Lowe completed a jrrain warehouse, 
hut did not put anything into it. as there was a wraugie between 
the Coiistrurtion Company and the Railroatl Company over the lor-ation for tlie town. The latter wanted i1 at Belle Blaine; 
the Constru.-tiou Cnmpaji\- insisted the best loration was tliree 
miles, aTid there they laid some switch Ira.ks and called their 


li l&u- 



child l^i^'keyc. The fight went on for several years, and it was 

C not until 1SC7 that Buckeye went really out of existence in favor of 

Luzerne, the station jiiidway between i^elle Plaine and Blairstown. 

ini..- .... Tele ILmlroad Plat. . , . i ,. 

Tlie eeriainty that the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad Com- 
pany was solidly behind Belle Plaine gave it an early prestige and 
inspired eonlidence. and there appears to have been a second plat- 
ting (d' the town in March, 18G2, by John I. Blair (the capitalist 
and Chiea-ro ^^^ Norlhv.estem railway magnate)." ^Ir. "White, who 
had built a store in the pirevious fall, erected the hi-st dwelling 
house on the new site, and I). C. i-'orbes, Mr. Crider \s elerk, fol- 
lowed his e.xautplc. Shortly afterward a house was removed fiom 


tlie old town site of Guiinjvillc (platted in ISnfi and now included 
in Belle Piaine ) and several dwellings were erected in the sanimer 
a?id fall of \>^6-2 ; so that, with the two stoi-e-;. Belle Piaine was mak- 
ing quite a showing: as a settlement. In .July, of that year, the 
postoflice was also moved from Gninnvillc to Bcdle IMaine and 'Mr. 
Forbes appointed first masler of the imiils. 

Bad Bi'SfXESs Outcome. v 

From tlif fact that Elder Holland preached Belle Piaine 's 
first sermon, s.oin^ time in the fall of lPw32, in "Crider's vacant 
store," it is sclf-evideut that tliere was not husin.ess enough for 
two at this particular time. In fact, to mnke a sad slory short, 
My. Crider's creditors took jiussi'ssion of his business in 1863 and 
sold his goods at auction. 

As near as can be ascertained, the busint^ss interests of Belle 
Piaine in the fall of 1863 vvere represented by E. G. Brown, who 
had j/urchased Mr. Isham's general store; Andrew Hale, grain and 
stock dealer: dames Smart, lumber d<'aler; Carter Buckley and 
George AYatr(U!s. ^-rain buyci-s; .J. B. DaJiiels, harness make)'. 
AVilliam Shafi'er the first station agent. 


The Si'lection of Belle Piaine as tlie t'M'minus of the Clinton 
division of the Chiea!:;o c^- Northwester)! Pailroad soon had its 
effect in stimulating the gi-oMth of the town, and at the close of 
1868 it had .seven general stores, eight groceries, four agricultural 
implement hoi'!S'''S. three stores, fis-e lumber dealers, two 
furnituiv- sto-rcs, tlirce di'ug stores, one book stcu'c, two millinery 
shops, five tailors, six physicians, six attor)]eys. two jewelry stores, 
one nuislc store, three dentists, fou)' wagon shops. fo\U' blacksmith 
shops, tliree hotels, one livery stable. )iine saloons, four boarding 
houses, four shoe shops, three luumess shops, two auctioneers, one 
floin-ing mill, one planing mill, two paiid^n's, one bakery, two 
dozen carpenters, one tobafcu store, five drays, one newspaper and 
several gi-ain buyers. Its first l»ank was established in July. 1S69. 

In 1885 the population of Belle Piaine was 2.092; in 1890, 
2.62)3; 189r.. 3.2r.6; 1900. 3.283; 1905, 3.322: 1910. 3.500 (estimated) 



First Founories. 

T'loro wore four I'lncksinitli shops nt Belle I'laine iu 18G9. but 
lio establishments iip to that year whi.-h coiild be dignified as 
foundries. .Messrs. Chase, Fletcher, Bale and Palmer (Albert) 
start^--l Djo first foundry in that year, and in 1877 the firm of A. 
Paliiur oc Son was formed — the son being Eugene Palmer, of 
Palmer Brothers. Belle Plainc fonndrymen of today. C. J. 
Palmer came to Vinton in 1884 and soon afterward became a part- 
ner of Eugene. The j^resent foundry of Palme;- Brothers, em- 
ployinu' fifteen or twenty men, is tlie only establishment of the 
kind in Belle Plaine. its specialties Ijcing radiation boilers and heat- 
ing aT)paratas (steam and hot water). 

CniCAG(.> i«c XoRTrT\vK.^Tj:RN- Plants. 

The round house of the Chicago and Northwestern Railway 
Company at Belle Plaine \A'as completed in .1884. It has thirty 
locomotive stalls, and one hujidred and twentv Morkmeu are em- 


ployed in the sliops and yai-ds- -.scvciitx-tive on the day force and 
forty-five on the night shift. 

The fii'e of July. 18!")-1. burn.'d the old Xortliwestern Railroad 
depot, the strudure now oei-uiUL-d beir.g (ompleted in the following 


December. It is of red hrick. t^\o stories and basement, the 
general offices being in the second story, and vwll built and 

Corporation' of Rellk Plai.vp:. 

Belle Plaine was incorporaicd a^ a city of the second class in 
1868, the nmuicipal ofni-crs i.-hosen at the organizing election of 
l\[ay 22d being as follows: D. A. Kennedy, mayor; J. P. Henry, 
treasurer; J. F. Roberts, marshal : E. A. Bird. E. G. Brown. D. C. 
Twogood and J. Fohls. couneilmen. The council held its first 
meeting at Howard & Johnson's oftice. June 26. 1868. and after 
perfecting its organization pa.ssed ordinance Xo. 1 providing for 
the election by the council of a marshal, street conunis-sioner and 
treasurer. At the .same meeting K. D. Shugart was elected treas- 
urer and Joseph Daniels, m.arshal and .street commissioner. Ordi- 
nance Xo. 2, prohibiriug stock from running at large and ordinance 
Xo. 3, concerning licenses, were tlicn passed : after which Belle 
Plaine "s first council ad.iourne«l. 

The j.resent nmnicipal offi-ers of Belle Plaine are: J. H. 
Irwin, mayor; Harvey Slack, clerk; I. Yr. Yan Xice. treasurer: J. 
E. Living-s. chief of the volunteer fire department; J. A. Ruhl. 
city iriar.slial; J. AY. Leimberer, siroei commissioner. The two 
aldeniien-at-iarge are James A. AYilliams and Luther Fisher, while 
tlie first, second and third wards are represented respectively by 
Yv. D. Barnard. G. Yr. l^lanche and J. Y'. Rucker. 

f. The Fire Depahtmext. 

The first meeting to organize Pioneer Hook and Ladder Com- 
pany Xo. 1 was held June 24. 1873. v.hen James Coliister was 
elected foreman; C. H. Sdinoor. first as.sisiant: \Y. P. Tuttle, sec- 
ond assistant : S. S. Sweet, treasurer : Tom Lawi-ence. secretary. 
By the 14th of the folloA\nng July twenty-seven of the thirty mem- 
bers had purciiased uniforms, without wliicli the average '"fire 
laddie'* does not consider he is a regular member of his company. 
In Ju7ie. 1S77, occurred the first death in the dex)artment. the 
company attending the funeral of ^Ir. Schnoor on the 19th of 
tliat month. 

One of the first fires which Pioneer Hook and Ladder was called 
upon to attend was tluit which started in the law office of A. F. 
Bell (July 16. lS74'i and burned scver.d small buildings before it 


was rontroll.'d. Two or tliiTe Iniildings were torn down to ^ts.y 
tlif progress oi" the ilanies. 

The "Belle PlaiTic fire f]( pm-tmeiit is still ])urely vulnnteer an.l 
consists, as to apparatus, of one engine, one.liook and ladder and 
two hose carts. . , 

The Gkkat Fike of LS9-1. 

Belle i^laine's most desti'iirtive fire occurred on the late after- 
noon and the eveninfr of July 2S. 181)4. sweeping up and dou-r. 
First street and for nearly two Mocks east of the round house from 
S<K-ond stj'cct to the railwa>-. About two solid blocks of brick and 
fj'aiuc buildings were consuuicd in a few hours; eighty business 
lirnis were made stockless and honieless aiid the half a million of 
dollars Mdiieh Avent up in smolce and flames was not insured for 
more than $200.0()0. It was a terrible blow to the advancement of 
Belle Bjainc. ])ut. like oilier plucky westciai towns, she fully re- 
rQvercd. and rcjdaced tlie ruins with a far bettci cL'tss of buildings 
than the old. 

At o :8() ]^ol)crt Liddic, I'nc lihu-ksmilh. \\;is settiiig ties on 
wagon wliccls, on Beech street near Reco.ud. At the same time 
(,\ II. Kroli was raising a bale of r>"e hay inl(^ his feed and sale 
stable nea.r by. AVith the ui^accoujitable ])cv\-ri-sity of tho.^e inair'- 
ma.te objects to be attracted to each other whose luiion will cause the 
most mischief, a s[»ark froiii a I'cd hot tire sliot into the dry bale ':>f 
hay which was beijig pulled iiito ^Fr. Kroh 's loft, and when that 
genthnia.n turiietl o\'hi- the bale it bui-st into fiaine so quickly tha: 
he was di'i\en away. 

Tlie fire tlien spread rapidly- and vigorr'VJsly to tlie Cit;.' Hal! 
and A\'heelei''s l!\-ery stable, and iliencc in four direetioDS. To the 
wesi it raced throuL-'h residenr'os. \viirchouses. offices and a $:?0.00v 
oprra h(uise. hik(> mad. it swept up aijd dowii First street, takinc 
in its patli the best 1n-ick buihlings in the city. At this stage of 
the fight both the depot and Henry's lumber yard, on the south 
side of First, were burned to the ground, as well as '"Old Kescue.'* 
the fire engine, whiidi seemed transfoi'nied iiito a human hero. A 
hose cart was also lost to the enouy liefore assistance arrived from 
l^iairsfown, Taina aiul Cedar Rapids. 

At 7 o'cloel< in the evening tlu' wind (hanged from the north- 
west to the east. The Burley House was saved Imt the hook axid 
ladder <-ompanies were forced to tear dowTi several dwellings on 



Sei/oiul street, wliiih ineiKu-ed tlie balance of the biiiUiugs on First 

The heaviest losers in the tire— those who sulYored a loss of 
$10,000 or over — were as follows: Opera Honsc Block (T. F. Green- 
lee^, main builJiiiii' oeeiipied by Shav; & Howmau as a department 
store. $25,000; Sh;i\\- & Bowman. $30,000: ^Y. }j. Burrows & T'om- 
pany. dothitn-. $17,000; J. 1). Bkie. dry goods merchant, $M,000 ; 
^'an ]\retre & Cux. druiirgists. $13,000; Ilobcrt Ni'-holson. grocer, 
$12,000; llartman Grocery Company. $10,000; J. .1. ^Moscat, biiild- 
in^r and law library. $18,000; Sol. AVertheini. clothier. $18,000; L. 
Grossman, dry uO(jds merchaiit. $16,000; AVm. P. Hanson, Opera 
House, jeweler and hardware (U-alf-r. $20,000; Nichols & ^Nfarr. 
$1G,000; and T. Lawrence, buildiTii,' and dry f'oods stock, $23,000. 
Tlie Knicrhts of Pythias and Tvlasons also were burned out and the 
MerriTig Hotel v,as also destroyed at a loss of $8,000. 

Light .\xn Power Plant. 

A plant to furnish BeHe IMaiue with light and povrer was 
erected in ISSl. AVilliain A. Hrmtcr being its proprietor. In 

ir ■ • --m^^i^r:'- ■'■■■■' /'^f^:^u*^i ..j;'-"v-':" ■ 






''" ■«*- '^'' « •- 


August, 1884, a larger buildiug was completed, aud under the 
management of S. S. Sweet tlie enterpr-ise progressed uutil 1894. 
In that year G. L. Thayer hccatne a partner, and in August. 1899. 
Vol. 1—23 


G. R. Alireiis and II. TV. A. iMnhl purchased ^Ir. Thayer's interest 
in the plant. The partie.s now in interest are the Sweet estate and, 
IMessrs. Alirens and ^laTil, (he last named bt;ing active manager. 

Artkrian Water Wouks. 

In June, 190-1. the citizens of Belle Plainc voted $30,00a bonds 
for an artesian system of water worlcs and in January, 1906, the 
contract M'as let to the Miller Artesian Well Company, for the 
construction of works capable of supplying 200,000 gallons every 
twenty-four hours. Belle pjaine is the center of one of the most 
noted artesian belts in the west, whose remarkable natural features 
and practical development for water-supply purposes are fully 
described in the chapter on the physical aspects of Benton county. 

' - The Telephone Service. 

In 1890 the Belle Plaine Telephone Company was organi?:ed 
by S. H. Walters and Otio Woitstein. Its capital has remained at 
$9,000. It has sixty subsi-ribcrs and the following officers: Sol. 
Wcrtheim, president: C. A. Blossom, treasurer; Edward Nichols, 


A well assorted collection of about one thousand volumes is 
housed ii: the basement of Hie Congregational church and com- 
prises the public library of Belle Plaine. Mayme Fisher is 

"'■■"' ' The Beele Pr;ATNE Opera Hottre. 

In 1895, the year after its destruction in the great fire, Belle 
Plaine 's opera house was rebuilt by Francisco Guthrie at a cost of 
$24,000. The auditorium is tastefully decorated aud furnished 
and seats about eight hundred people. J. C. Milner has been 
manager of the opera house since 1897. 

■ ■" ■"■•' Hehring Cottage. ''' ' 

The Herring Cottage is the leading- hotel of Belle Plaine and is 
one of the most homeJike pl;u*es of public entertainment in Iowa. 


Its iH-oprictor. AVill P. irorrintr. is tlie father of the cottage. Twcji- 
ty ycjirs airu he was nuininir tii!' old Tiviiiont House near the 
rouial house. J Jo was one of the vietini-s of the 1S94 fire, but was 
so instinctively a hmdlord that he commenced ren tin"- cottaf'es 



around town and letting tiit'in ou( to transients. The scheme and 
the man "^'took," and in TS99 he erected the Herring: Cottage, which 
now has a wide reputation for hospiialily and f^ood service. 

The r>.\iLEV HorsE. 

Tliis liotel, erected by one of ]>el1e Plaine's pioneers, is tlie 
cildest public house of entertainnicnt in the city. Its proprietor 
is ^iFrs. F. A. Armstrong, daughter of its builder and original pro- 
]u-iet(U'. The hotel is now lart-'ely patrom'zed by railroad men. 

Four Leading Establishmexts. 

Belle Plaii^e has two lumber and coal yards. J. P. Henry 
started the lirst lumber yard in the place during 1S65. He was 
alone in business until 1SI)9 \\hen his son. F. H. Henry, became 
associated wWh. him. The "lCeii]ise" coal and lumber yard was 
estal>]ished abriut five Aears a^o })\' C. W. liurxdiam. 


The so called Tappan &- Crawford elevator, ^ntll a capacity of 
25.000 busliels, has heen imder the present management since 
February, lOOD. 

In 1907 the Belle Plaine B^room Company was organized by J. 
II. Irwin, J. E. Craf. C. J. Snitkay. I. W. Van Nice, W. J. Gnin, 
Engen'^ Smitli and C "W. I'. Siiyder. 'yh\ Snyder controls the 
business ^vhieh amounts to about $20,000 annually. 

Masonky in Belle Plaine. 

Hope Lodge No. 175, A. F. & A. M.. of Belle Blaine, held its 
first meeting at Blairsto-un, under dispensation, March 11, 1S65, 
at which time AYilliam C. Smith sat as Arorthy master; H. C. Eider, 
senior warder, H. Guinn. treasurer. J. W. Filkins. secretary; S. A. 
"Wilcox, senior deacon ; John A. Du.dgeon. junior deacon and Philip 
Parks, tiler. X. T). Shu,r:ert, James Collister and Jolm Caltron 
Averc also present as charter members. A charter was issued in 
June, 1865. by E. A. Guilbort. erand rnastf^r, and the lodge was 
constituted by James l\rcQuinn, special deputy for the occasion. 
A new Masonic hall was dedir-ated October 29, 1873, fae ceremonies 
being conducted by A. R. West, deputy o'rand master. The Masoiiie 
Temple of tlie present v.-as completed in the later portion of 1S94 to 
replace the building destroyed by the ."reat fire of Jaly. Hope 
Lodge has a member.sliip of 135 and the following officei-s : James 
Park, worthy master; L. E. Cox, senior warden ; C. A. Sclirimgeour, 
junior warden; J. D. Y^ilson. senior deacon; L. Grossman, junior 
deacon ; C. A. Sweet, secretary. 

Mount Iloreb Chapter No. 45. P. A. ^L, Belle Blaine, was or- 
ganized. un^lor dispensation, by IT. U. rinmcnway. grand high 
priest, on Hip 11 th of Jid\-. ^>'•(■.^. E. A. T'ird Avas named as high 
priest; James ^JcQuinn. kii.g: arul E. Y". Stocker. sr-ribe. The 
chapter was eonstituted by P. C. NYriixht. grand high priest. Novem- 
ber 7th, of that year. 

Odd FETiLOAvsniP ix Belli-; Blaine. •; 

Belle Blaine Lorlge No. 151. I. 0. 0. F., was organized July 
11, 1S67. by Benjamin Pubert. of Dubuque, gi-and master, assisted 
by !M. A. Newcomb. of Tama City, and A. A. Liudley, Cedar Rapids. 
E. M. Dodee was eh>cted noble errand; J. C. Kirkwood. vice grand; 
S. YVman. recording .secretary; J. J. Baton, permanent secretary; 
J. B. Marston, trea.surer. An address was given before the lodge 


by W. A. Tewksbury July 2, 1869, on the occasion of the installa- 
tion of officers at AYilson's Grove, two miles nortlieost of Belle 
Plaine. For some time the Gerjiian Odd Fellows attached them- 
selves to the Liizerne lodge as well as with the so called Berlin 
lodge of Belle Plaine, but thesi? bodies ore now consolidated under 
the Belle Plaine orfraui?:ation. 

The first exclusive Odd Fellows Hall dedicated June 1, 
1876, delegations being present from llie lodges at Blairstown, 
Luzerne and Chelsea. Tlie Odd Fellows block, where the different 
bodies of the order now meet, was cre.-ted in 1907. The assembly 
hall is large and well furnished, and the adjoining rooms comfort- 
able and convenient. Present membership of Lodge No. 151, 200; 
Charles Kratoska, noble grand; John Pecenka (one of the chai-ter 
members) vice grand; J. A. Puhl, recording secretary; A. W. 
Moderwell, financial secretary; G. K. Ahrens, treasurer. 

On April 26, 18S7, the Odd Fellows of Belle Plaine formed 
the uniformed rank of their order, known as Patriarclis Militant. 
This V, as largely through the influence and work of M. A. Raney, 
long among the leading Odd Fellows of Benton county and for 
several years past the generalissimo of tlie entire order. 

Home Encampment No. 45, I. 0. 0. F., was organized Aj)ril 
20, 1870, and instituted October 16, 1872, with fourteeji members. 
Its charter members -were TYesley Camp, E. A. Stocker, J. B. 
I\[arston, J. J. Dayton, A. .1. Gwinn, AT. P. Hanson, D. A. Kennedy, 
E. S. Joluison and P. H. Petter. 

KxiGHTS OP PrrniAS. 

TliC Kiiights of Pythias Lodge No. H-7 was chnrlei'ed October 
7, 1SS6, with twenty-three ineinbers. It has now a m'^mbership of 
10-4 and officers as follo^vs: A. J. Keyser, chancelor commander; 
A. W. Byers, vice commander; C. D. Douglass, master-at-arms; J. 
H. AYelch, prelate; J. A. AVheeler, keeper of records and seals and 
master of fbiance; T. AY. Yan Nice, master of the exchequer; J. N. 
Hodsou, inner guard; J. A. Buhl, ou1<-r guard. Dr. Jaines AL.-- 
]Morris and John Afontgomery are charter members who have 
passed through all the chairs of their lodge. The Grand Temple 
(women's auxiliary) was organized August 11, 1892. 


The "Graxd Army" Post. 

The John B. Hauroek I'ust No. ?.U. G. A. R., Belle Plaiiie, ^vas 
originally chartered April 21, IbSl. It consisted of twenty mem- 
ber.> of v.-hoin the following still reside in Belle l^lciine: John 
Mont<j:omer}-, S. C. Leavell, S. R. Ferree, J. P. Henry, Joe Harbert, 
Thomas Brand. C. Wvnz. and ^l. V. Foote. E. E. Blake lives in 
Chieago; J. C. Mattox. 11. 11. Greenlee, M. L. Prentiss, J. R. Cruson, 
A. Voshurg, J. G. AValker and C. C. SuUenberger are, so far as 
known, still alive, aiid James RiK-ker, Noah Winslow, F. E. 'Mc- 
Curdy and J. J. Chown are dead. The post now has a niejnbership 
of thirty-four -vrith the following ofticcrs: M. J. x\.they, comman- 
der; S. C. La\alk chaplain; S. K. E^erree, quartermaster; and 
^lyron Ilartwell, adjut;int. 

Legion of Hoxor. 

Belle Plaiue Lection c»f Honor No. 51, which was founded in 
the winter of 1S70, had the following original officers: Rev. H. A. 
Brown, president; II. A. Bickford, vice president; George Swiuney, 
recording secretary.' ; R. ■M. Baikn'. fin;incial secretary. Some 150 
members now belong to the Legion, v/hich has paid about thirty 
thousand dollars ii! beneficaries sir^ce its organization. Present 
officei's: George A. Ferree, president; C. II. Bailey, vice president ; 
A. J. Keyser, secretary, and Dr. C J. Snitkay, treasurer. 


Modern Woodmen of America, No. 795. vras organized in 
November, 18S3, and has now mnrp than 120 members, with the 
following offif-ers: A. Carlson, vice commander; G. E. AYestman, 
worthy advi.ser; :^r. D. Dodd, banker; J. A. Ruhl, clerk; W. T. 
Antrim, es<:*ort. 

The Royal Neighbors of Belle Plaine (auxiliary to the ^Modern 
AYoodmen of Ameri.'a) organized in ^ilarch, lOOJ. They number 
about twenty and their ofiV-ers are: Mrs. Laura Schmitz, oracle; 
Mrs. Alice Lyons, vice orade; TJi-s. Cora Crittenden, recorder; 
and Mrs. INIvra Bla^-k, receiver. 


Improved Order of Red LIen, 

Miniiclialm Tribe No. 33, of Belle Plaine, Improved Order of 
Red Men, is officered as follows: AV. AV. Livings, saehem; Andrew 
J. Keyser, senior sagamore; AV. A. Crawford, junior sagamore; 
George R. Ferree, prophet, and S. Pen^ee, keeper of records. The 
tribe was organized September 12, 1891, by forty-four charter 
members, including the following: E. M. Ealy, J. N. Greenlee, E. 
M. Kolb, J. AY. Miller, James :>rattox, P. H. Milner, William 
O'Neill, Claus Belcrs, AY. A. Ru.k,. F. P. Stephen and G. 1). 
AYaltron. The first sachem was E. M. Berger. 

The Ha}T3iakers Association (Minnehaha Lodge No. 33 1-2), 
comprising members of the Red Men who have reached the third 
degree, was formed August 24, 190S. It has thirly-iive members; 
Frank Hadima, chief haymaker. • . 

Bohemian Societies. 

Belle Plaine ha.s a large Bobonian element and it is thrifty, 
substantial and eminently social and helpful. I'erhaps the strong- 
est of the Bohemian societies of Belle Plaine is Zapadni Cesko 
Bralrske Jednoly (AVestern Bohemian Benevolent Society), which 
was or^^anized I\Iay 3], 1903. 

Cesko Slovauskych Podporujic.ich Spoiku (Boliemian Slavon- 
ian Benevolent Society) was orgjmized at St. Louis, ^Missouri, in 
1854.. The Belle Plaine lodge (Red Kruh Bratrstva No. 1S6) was 
formed some years ago. It now has a membership of thirt}" and 
these officers: Joseph P. Cerny, president; ]\L Bender, Jr., vice 
president; Auton De'^piva, recordirjg secretary j Joe Pech, financial 
secretary, and Charles Ivratosl^y, treasurer. 


Because of the Northwestern round house and sliops at Belle 
Plaine, the local railroad unions are quite strong. These include 
b!'otherhoods of trainmen, carmen, conductors, firemen and en- 
gineers. The Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen has also an 
auxiliary, organized by the women in April, 1S99. The first union 
(.)f 1he railroad men to be organized in Belle Plaine was the Brother- 
hood of Railway Trainmen, No. 212, Ivfay 4, 1SS6. 



Biy Vmxr Xo. 2l!0, AVoodmoii of tlie World, was; orgauized 
August 1'), 189S. and i-eorganizcd Mai'L-h 9. 1907. It has a mem- 
bei-sliip of about sixty and the following officers: J. F. 2^Iilier, 
eouui-il ruiniiKinder; J. IL Ortsi-lieid, advisory lieutenant; ]'. Lo 
Quetle. flerk: F. P>. Cerny, banker; S. K. McCune, escort; Jolm 
Veverka, watchuian; Dr. George W. Yavorsky. physician; J. F. 
Cerny, local deputy; AV. A. McCune and il. Benda, trustees. 

]\Toi)KKN Bkotiierhood of America. 

^' Tlie ^rodpDi T'>roth"r]iour] of America organized Feljruary 2S. 
1898, .Avitli A. K. Smith as president and Anna Bangs, secretary. 
The lodge has a membership of about ninety. Mrs. H. Edwards 
is president ; E. 'SI. Ely. vice president; Anna Bang.s, secretary; and 
Tilrs. AV. 1). Bni-nard. ti'casurer. 


]n 190.") the TlighL-ujd X'obles and \hv Court of Coluiribia.n 
Circle consolidated their interests. They are now known as the 
3 C ordci- and I'ave tlicir so-aiy home in C. C. C castle. 

(EiMTOu-':^ XciTE — Shouid llic reader of this chapter be spec- 
ially inter-sted i)i tlip schools or churclies of Belle Plaine. he is 
referred to the chapters which cover those topics in detail.) 

1 .. 

1, V. ':• \: 


Yv'OOD^n-.N OP THE Yv'O/vLL). 

Biu' Four No. 220, Woodim'U nf the Y7orld, v,-as orgauized 
August 1!), 1808. and reoi-giiuized Mai'eh 9, 1907. It has a mem- 
bersliip <»i" about sixty and the following officers: J. F. Miller, 
c-ouTiril rimirnander: J. II. Ortselieid, advisory lieutenant; ¥. Le 
Quette. rlerk : F. P>. Cerny, banker; S. K. McOune, escort; Jolm 
Veverka, watchman; Dr. George AV. Yavorsky, physician; J. F. 
Cerny. local deputy; AY. A. McCuue and M. Bcnda, trustees. 

^Modern Bijot}ier}hood of America. 

The ]\[odern Brothcrhoud of America organized February 28. 
1898, .wi1h A. K. Smith as pi'esidont and Anna Bangs, secretary. 
The lodge has a membership of about ninety. Mrs. IT. Edwards 
is president ; E. ]M. Ely. vi'-c president; Anna Bangs, secretary; and 
■\rrs. AY. D. Bariuird, treasurer. 


In 190o the Highland Nobles and the Court of Cohnnbian 
Circle consolidated their interests. They are now known as the 
3 C order and have their so-idy home in C. C. C. castle. 

(t']orrOu''s Note — Shonbl llie reader of this chapter be spec- 
ially in1er*>-ted in the sr-hools or churches of Belle Plaine, he is 
referred to the cliapters which cover those topics in detail.) 



Blatrstown Founded — Fjkst Religioi's Services— Support- 
er OF Schools axd Churches — The First Blacksihth — The 
Town in 18G2 — The Town in 18GS — Champion of the South 
Sloph — Blaihstown As A Cokporation— Electric Light and 
Power Plant — BLAIR5T0^vN Elevators — Lodges of liuAiRSTOWN 
—Why Shellsbukg? — A Stage Station — First Landlord — Can- 
tonwine^s Place — First Shellsburg Churcpi — Gets A Railroad 
— Incorporated As A Village — An Independent School Dis- 
trict — Shellsburg 's First Mayor — The First Bank — Farmers' 
MuTtLAL Telephoni: CoAiPANi' — Masons of Shellsburg — Inde- 
pendein't Orleh of Odd Fellows — The G. A. R. Post — Knights 
OF Pythias — Modern AYoodmen. 

Blairslowij. a place of abont 650 inhaliilaiiis, in the eastern 
part of JjoRr.y tov.Tjs;}iip. i:s .sitnaied almost midway on the Cliicago 
& Nortlnvestern railroad as it passe;? throutj;h the southern tier of 
townships. It is about twenty-two miles south of Vinton and lies 
on a hii^li and liealthful rise of ground just south of Prairie creek. 
Originally, a fine body of timber skirting the Iowa river came up 
to within a mile of Blairstown, and this fact largely determined 
the location of the tovrn. 

Blairstov.'n Founded. , . . 

■ .■ ii .■ : I ■ ,.\vn •. : 

In Movember. 1861. the Chicago and Northwestern road was 
completed to this point. A portion of the site was laid out in 
February, 1862, \7ith Isaiali ]\rorris and Eli Hill as proprietoi-s, and 
somewhat later the survey was made by the railroad company, John 
I. Blair appearing in the records as proprietor. Mr. I\[orris 
donated a number of lots to those seeking a location. The first 
house erected after the plat \vas surveyed was that of Philip Buck, 
a plasterer, and noi long afterward G. R. Dickinson erected a store 



and established himself as the first Dierchant of Blairstown. H. 
M. ilauford erected the second business building and that 
quickly followed by the grain ^^arehouse, built by AY. T. AVatrous 
and J. J. Snouller. ^Iv. ^Morris, one of the proprietors of the 
to-Au, kept tlie first hotel, the Howard House. Bryant and Green 
were the lirsl l)laoksiniths and L. E. Watrons '.vas the first station 
jiiaster, expj-ess agent and post master. 

FlKST l?i;!JG10LS SeKVICJJS. - " 

The first religious services were held by the Christian denomi- 
nation. Revs. Hugh Beardshijar, Luther Keller, Steenbarger and 
Bradshaw holding forth at various times in the log school liouse. 
]Miss Eunii-e Ranstead taught the first school in the sunmier of 
1862, and was succeeded the following year by Hiram Black. But 
the particulars of the establishment of schools and cliurches at 
Biairstown, with the progress of subsequent years, are given else- 
wliere in the special chapters devoted to sach topics. 

Supporter of Scjiooi.s and Churches. 

George Herring contributed much to the educationol and 
religious v,-ell-being of BlairstoAvn and vicinit}'. He v/as born in 
Trumbull coiuity, Ohio, in 1S22. and when only thii'teen yeai-s of 
age joined the Evangelical Association, remaining a faithful meui- 
bpp of that denomination until his death in 1877. He came to 
Iowa in Ap)'ii, lSn3, and anamg the fiist settlers in the vicinity 
of Blairslovai. After being here some time he was licensed as a 
local minister, in ^\•hich capacity lie served Die church faiilifully 
until his death. lie not only contributed iibei-aliy toward the 
building of his own chunii, but gave to the extent of his abilities 
toward the organization and luaintenance of tiie Biairstown Semi- 
nary. Notwithstanding his philanthro]>y and generosity, he ac- 
cumulated a lai-ge property through liis real estate dealings, but 
failure of health obliged him to remove to Texas in the spring of 
187;'j. Failing to realize any benefits from this change in climate, 
he returned to the north and located at -Vlton. Illijiois, -nliere he 
ren.'.ained until ^lay, 1876. He then returned to Biairstown, 
where lie di^d August 8, 1877. 




^. -■■■ 


I -. ? -f- • ■ '■ ■■ 

, ,?: - 

-J i/.?!;^::; •' 


■ i 


MAIN stre>:t^ BLAlUSrOWX. 

Hi^H S^!OOL 3Lia:;:NG, BL».iR3IOWN, iA 





■- ^:'^^^^^%>^ 



^^ji;<».itz^;:^, -i..^^ ft>.'T>w ■trail 


The First Blacksmith. • ^ ■ 

James Brian, the first l)l;i(-k.srailh to open a sliop in Biairslown, 
was an Oliio man who came to Linn eon nty, Iowa, in ]S.')2. He 
remained in tliat .section of the state until lSo5, when lie moved to 
}^lf)ir>;town and built find rur- the pioneer blacksinith siiDp. lie 
was afterwards elected to the tov/n council, held various school 
offices and became quite well known. He served during tlie last 
year of the Civil war and was honorably discharged. 

V, . Thk Town IN 1SG2. 

At the close of 1862 the following included the population of 
Blairstown : 1. Morris, E. Hill, G. B. Dickinson, P. Buck. W. D. 
T\"atrous, L. E. Watrous, J. J. Snouft'er, II. M. Hanford, J. Bryan, 
J. F. Greer and S. B. Gill. The last named had come fron; Kansas, 
having served thi"0ugh all the stiri'ing free-soil campaigns under 
old John Brown. It Vv^as even said that he had barely escaped 
hanging in Virginia, because Jie had engaged to teach a distrif.-t 
school in Kansas just before the Brown raid upon Harper's Ferry, 
and the connnissioners would not reletise him from his coritract. 

The Town in 18G8. 

In 1S6S the population of Blairstown w;iS estiraated at about 
1,000, and the business and professional life of the place was repre- 
sented by the f olloA^-ing : Six general stores, two groceries, t^vo 
hotels, two lumber dealers, five blacksmith shops, one farm im- 
plement house, two hardware stores, one flouring mill, three harness 
Siiops. two tailor shops, two paiiitcns. t\N0 shoe shops, two druggists, 
one jewelei-. two milliners, one photographer, two barbers, two 
attorneys, four physicians, one meat shop, several earpputers, one 
cooper slu>p and one livery stable. 

The business at the railway station for 186S Avas represented 
by th.' following tigmres: Freight forwarded, 12,114,470 pounds; 
freight received 12,715,800 pounds; amouut of passenger tickets 
sold, $29,989.05; cash received for freight and tickets. .V.6S.244.10 ; 
actual earnings, .$83,313.88; lumber received, 477 eai-s; grain 
shipped, 511 cars; stock sln'pped, 77 cars. 

By 1871 l?lairsto\ni had also become quite a shipping point for 
strawberries and raspbenJes. the prim-ijial growers being 0. Carter, 
A. Dean and W. S. Suow. 


In 1869 Messrs. Allen and Amidon ostablLshed at BlairstouTi 
one of the pioneer banks of the eoraity — an institution which still 
fiourishes and whose extended history i.; j^ivcn in the fmaneial 


Blairstovm early took its plar-e as the ehanipion of all South 
Slope interests, whether railroad, political or social. In Febniary. 
1869. the Central South Slope Old Seitlers Association was organ- 
ized at the residence of James Bryan. The pioneers had assembled 
previously for a reunion, and tlie society, which was an after- 
thought. v>-as formed witli the folh^wjntr officers: A. G. Ilanna, 
president, and A. Dean, secretai'v. Interest in the organization 
and its objects cojitinned for sevi-ra.] years. 

BnAiRSTOvvx AS A Corporation. 

Biairslov.'D was incorporated in September. 186S. and at the 
fn-st election tlie following municipal officers were chosen: J. 
Houck, miayor; W. H. Eldred. recorder: John Book, treasurer; A. 
J. Tongeraan. Philip Hoebel. J. Bryan, D. AY. i\[oore and John 
Book, trustees. 

Present city officers of Blairstown : Alayor. P. IT. Lynch ; re- 
corder, B. F. Paul ; aldermen. D. P. Piji-rey. M. A Goodell, P. M. 
Aloore. Thomas Combs, A. J. Wilson and David F. Nev.ion. 

Enterprise Fire Company No. 1 was organized January 19, 
1S75, by the adoption of a constitution and byJaws and the elec- 
tion of John T. P)rcv.'ster, ])res5dent. and .lolm A"an Aletre. secre- 
tary. The Blairstown Hook, and Ladder Company was formed 
about the same lime, but reoi-ganized in 1878. when S. P. Silliman chosen foren);ui ; Henry Hartung. first assistant; •!. D. King, 
secretary: and H. L. Bassett, t7-easurer. 

At times the fire company has also voluntarily performed 
police dut\, as during the sun.imer of 1877, when Blaii-stown was 
visited by an epidemic of tramps. n;, : ' > ' . ' 

Electric Licitt axd Pow?:k Plaxt. 

The Blairstown electric light and power jjant M'as erected by 
Jacob Hunt in AlTay. 1907, at a cost of $12,000. A ga.soline engine 


operates a windmill whii-b pumjis tlic water supply into a tank 
whenre it i,s distributed to villagers. The plant furnishes about 
GOO lights. 

Blah:s')0\vx Et j',v,a tors. 

The 12,000 bushel elevator at Bhiirstown Avas built, by W. C. 
"i'eisley in 1902. and he h;!S sinee operated it. as well as a eoal and 
grain business. . 

The AYestern Elevator ('ninjinny of AVinoua. ^Minnesota, oper- 
ates an eleviitor at P.hiirste'Wn with a eapa<'ity of 40.000 bushels. 
A. J. Dahn is the loeal nianag'er of the company's iuterests. The 
original building was ereeted in ISGG. and an elevator was built at 
a still earliej" date by the Chicago & Northwestern Eailroad Com- 
pany about the time its line reached LUairstown (1861). 

Lodges of Bl.ursto\vn. 

Lincoln Lodge No. IPH. A. F. .1^ A. I\l., Blairstown, was char- 
tered -lune 5. LS67. the following being its iirst ofiiL-ers : AV. S. 
Bates, worthy masier: AY. T). AYatrous. .'^(•nior warden: and IL L. 
Bnssett. junior warden. The lodge has forty members and the 
following ofiif-ers: Dr. R. II. AA^'atson, Vvorlhy master; P. II. L^'nch, 
senior WfiT'den : B. P. llecjv. junior warih'n; E. E. Brown, secretary; 
A\'. IT. AYood. treasurer. 

The Eastern Star lodire \vt\< formed October 26, ]S99; worthy 
nwtro7i a1 {JifstMit. I\rrs. AYilliam IToebel. 

The ^lodern AYoodmen of America have a strong lodge of 
seventy members at Blairstown. kuov.'u as Olive Camp No. 2267, 
which was oj'ganized January 1S. 1895. Present ofTieers: B. F. 
llctk. vice comm.ander: ITenry Dol!:;v. worthy adviser; AYra. Hoebel. 
banker: John ITeck. escort: S. G. Frantz, clerk; R. ^I. Moore, 
sentinel, and Frank Crandall. wateh.maii. 

Eureka Legion of Honor No. 4 was one of the early societies 
to be founded, its record dating from AlVirch 20. 1S79. 

The G. A. P. Post No. :141. wliirh was organized July IP 1SS4. 
has not surrendered its ch.irtci-. but death has so reduced its 
membersiiip that the few reinainintr <-onn'ades no longer meet as a 
society. The soldiers monumeiit at P<lairstown was erected by 
members of the post and other cilizms. and commemorates the 
patriotism of the Civil war- soldiers who wcTit from the city and 
vicinitv. Afany of them are buried at l^ler.sanl Hill cemetery. 

L'lisiuer.---. /■ ,-j 

-(i;ui ficroiiiir.a- i,,-:-^ A,, 

iis^ of CiUZOns,. -rj;;. 1;,.^ i,^5 briiiji;;n;; o.i w;>ic: A. .1. 
v^fT^r.-. A rr,';ino {r;i;,s A(l;ii;i.--, 
pr-ectod Ji^r;^ :o>.-l ij (■(rAxII. 'J 
A rua by if^-nry.,..^,j,,. ,,, ,,^,, , 
marker, raughtr^, jjtj,pj.;.,jy , 
lis liDio it bi!rn-^.„ j y^ p,,,.j 
i. "A hero, the- i'i:o- i^,,), >-,,!•:. Sr. 
uivv ^^t&nd:^. St.rawhcckcr. , 

■}. AVitll OUiy !"(Kil^ ;i!V': WallHei^ 

local cd'vncifi .hiijus MooJlci 
in the ^-^'cst! ijickin-on. 
c iirsl pai-ror i^ 15.-0 Uie 
1 i r. .? . ■ w h o\ r e ni v ■ -j; ;.. , ^ -^v c fk i :^ z 
b b'acccfi'otl by j-i;r.;-,;5-.o thru 
lii'^d ;-! yr-ai' -ijii- .T-v for y rnon 
ev. Shirley siayl ^y^m ^5 yocir 
vas !^Ul;cee(lPd by j nation >.vas <j 

iiing rhe latl'^r's p-,,;! Coni.i'rni 
cded by Rev. J hmid a r:n;d 
f <.);i>a'uctioii of^va\■ ol: Shoii 
!>;i in ISTi! bu:;^,riHtioT: ot ;| 

:> church it hii- <^,lf^] (•,£ ?;;U' 

l;.j, present oik ,,,-1^.^ begvn. ij 

•<if'"- .Slid gi:adi!5:Cj 

church ^>."ai^ or; x]ie Builir.g 

c ^S'hito sohoo; Xorthe'Ti. 

t (;f vow ii bu 1 in tlio yc-l 

) tov.'n. Aiic/thj ',vnod-bnri.i!'ig 

1S:^6 on Sa-i ; iJiu ihfu S 


-^■^YV/ T?:>T-rxJZ^ — '""'Kt.c^p-.x?^ ■■ri-^—/--9/-f-- 

fi irotn the t 

!:ncst i;'-= 

Mip ijKoiwsratO'i 

• V.',, vn IJip t,nV!l 

nO:;S jlouti? UOWll t'.tWll. 

nrw- schnnl hnir--r' i. iimi: •■ 


ifi ii to Ssm \Vi,lsoii: \Ml!jon 


as-Uirt tl..;- "''■' 
v.iuib, is jiow known as \.\v: 
J-fOfP'." nn<I is at, present own- 
i; operated by -ihs. Files, 
r the huikling ot. tlie hotL-I b\ 
ire pr!.;t offloe'. was c!r,uigc-;l 
: ' i::;!. -1-].' .. |i.:rl of Uie iiete! 
~ : !],,. ;, ,; Dtiice hus nocy 
,. .^ on' - apd is now: lo- 
.111 iiie^-r :-i(;e of Pearl 
wiili E. j;. Braiton as post- 


icn v.ntil at pre 
and Uic oihcr l-.; 

its brolUtir oi Le«is Pen 
• s'iil Ifve^ (iarf>. . 

deil to Uaviil Kins 

i,y Frert Ei 

>1. SciiU. 1 

After the pi.ming oi' KlielKln'ri; in"; 

saniied -in '"^ ■' st'"''^ '''"^ l'»t "1'' •'"■ ' 

^i'he j'irst banii was 
Mli will! a eapitaliiiation of ?3ll.0i)0 
r>n<l Ofierale:! ftV a man by t!ie jianie 
af John JTitler. Tl;e flireeiors were 
3 R JI. Harbert. J' L. Enckl. ,1. H. 
John Paiker anil B. .R. Divi- 
This bank nas after" arris 
aril i>perat-.d by P, .U. Har- 
nii. sens. 1i aL-,in \r\un\!,>'t\ 
and is nov kn-.wn ;Ts ihe f.o- 
aving.-? hank, of v iiieb A. Jv. 
'^ :'''"'" '' ' ''' ^^'' ^■'* i? cashier. 

'T'H anoih-r bflr.k uas OTKaniz- 
/; ' • en William Dean a:^ cashier | ;"S!U and rtay. Seme m. - 
. .. : ■;.- known as fne Shellsbnrg Sa>- i '""«^"«=^'s ""=" '■''■'''' ">'''i'i-" ' 
.jurg Ljc:;. :v:.o ;■■'■'■';,,„, ,,.,,,^, n„a„ |_„^, ,e^jj,„„, „„,| L-harim Summers. A. J. ],om : 
. wee^ .,„ norseoack „-.,,.^,^ p^^^,^^^ ,^,^.. .^.^ ,,,a,p a. "' ^Irey. K„ss..U Bowe and 
thering mail ir^.m in ,i!i--rs 
;-i(»oi r.oase was a nu,' ■ 

OCrlipitd le. ,■ P.CK 

ih- .>-• Cm,, w. II ■ ■ ■ and (lie 

by Jacob Cantonwine whii , 

er redlowed b;' o:l-,er .slu; ; 
I'-rincipIe p.riieles of irsdc :■■_.. i/ -m-| 

.^nr. »our. coiTee. tobacco and whj.^-i 

key. liie .latter being I'lr tb'. e:.isl ; 

iHofitabie article ot rrarte, j 

Kroni ih;it time on th.c tu.-e con-} 

lirnied to .ere* .'ind Jiro.-inl. .Xew; 

was doin.? »fuii a floiirisbiii.L, 


rtool bonse was a iU 
. (ni the John Wh': 
(■::N-(i on what is no'. :!ie }i 
of Ia;on Sirawb.aeker in t 
1 part of: 'own. 
.!arch. 1S70 an eieeti.m V. 
■ join ibc ind' el ili.-tr 
.isl-.nrc. A small train., sili. 

. '.':hi. i;h H ?;. Warner' ■"""■ -''-':';a''iile -^1"! Dr. B..,. 

teachers. On; »''C' '>' still he.jc. hioniiB m; 

:I.-.I inio ihr.c ii'iiosi continnal |;iiiciien sijic 

.' I i>. ill}.- ■ In thc-year lj!7t occured a 

, !i iia> ,b..idf.d'l'sa5!tiT,u-s fjro wi;ich -viped .c 

,.'e.i|..: .ind in"'^- Places of lii/sines,-, and 







,.ralil aud 

I ..iia illack- 'J""^ of ovpr ?."..i e,i,i .\li.r ili.e t...l 

ers. The pr'i- J"!'-!' I'l'"-k wr i,.„li >-.'e:. ' .1 

in the inime tii".ub». (.ieori;- lis!,, .i. i-. !:.,,', ) 

1)11) (J.'orKe Iffdfen now dii hinMa. ...<. 1 

jClm-n-!-! or (lie iMilldhiEs. from inol 

■d lieri' an.'l 

liile h, jif; ruii by if.- 

'"■' II. r..w,;i. 

.^ r,.'l..,i. Wm- Krnad- 
■■., ,1. 1.: liiu-l.-y, ■ Alex 
ii, K. Ilitri.eir, H, 

rnod. Tills time it bui 
.-rner ;..T where, the I'e 
. :.. .'. n.ev stands. 

■ !.; and was fornv-';:, eii'iee-i of ih.; ;rii^. - .:■.,■, 

' '■' '••"■^ ii.r;ii..d v:i. 1.: I, line; Mo-Uci, James llife and L. A. 

! I.. we. The. pastor j„ i.^.-ij a,(_. jicnple of Vinlon b. 

',.::i .. ,..],. I-.; ot t^ iU.pi; 
.1 j In -;amiiol .Sjiannon. 
If m,.-\. ..1 the trees. It; Jii 
he leading; citizer- 
ic» of preserving i : 


spot and is stiiTounded h: 

elm \V. Tiien-pson. The" brick ,.„ii.,,; ,],,, po,];,,. Rapids find .St 

was began dnring the lalter's r.;,,,: (■„-,...-,.!y, ,ihi,-h pr.-.inis-ed to 

He was succeded by It^'c. .t ;.;:,, , , , ;i,,,, y.^ni-^n i-.,.,.u. bv 

:,nieis. Tiie eonstrucrinii •: , , ,' ^ ^ ...j \, ,,■■■:, ;. 

-bvierian cbureii .fas 
l'^r,5 at the \\'pite ^.:li. 
mile east of ;nivn i 
removed m lowe. Ano 
ianised in 1S.".« on S.i 
V; .f 's;,,.!!su«,.i: by Ih 

I he property 
"!ar Hapirts 

:• is loelr, lb 

, : .: America, 
i Ti-ie 'irsl- -.1 

ion hnndreds of 

I'l incmbri 
as lirsl IK 

liniiy years siic essinlly ovjn;; and 

,a.iiHii.-.d a hriik and tilc_ io'.tory 

111.-, i.' |.:(> .1,1 av..l saw mill, was by far the largest 

|.. r i.r .-i!,..n,,hilrf: w.ii shipper. 

Kv.nins i::ill." s'lj .-1. ,. tiie advent of Jlie 

ini.ib.c 11. 1 .11^ Krt-vv'o rainiily in tiotli 

.iiior I'lel pi .; ^ ,ind pi.pulatitin iiBlil ii liifs 

iVv.r. 1. .Tni;. ,, „„,, ,,1 the business .oMiieis 

■ , !.,.'>. the .Masonii'lodiie 

'" ' .,,,u.i-.i! ai H'-in«u !'uy but 

*'•"•'■•'■"' ''■' ''''■"■•■■' wa.^ biier ii-movrrt to ybellshn ' '' 

li C- istojiniors Ti.*.tL.. .. <s ■'» » ' ., ,, I , - 

i'e. to becoDie one- of tl- 
... of the siste. ; 



Plioenix No. 292, Jvnights of Pytliins. has a membership of 
about thirty, with B. F. Paul. C. C. ; N. C. Ransom, V. C. ; Jacob 
Tlunt, prehitt'; and Ralph Yacom. keeper of records and seals. 

"i^-i^ { ^M^ifr\ ^'^'-^■'■'^ MDMIWENr. 3. . 

;yV., ._■., 

'i'"S .; J .^' 'j' ■ - -''•*;/i-'/; ' 

Jewell LodiTt* No. 43, ^Joderu Broilic rliood of Aiiieri'.-a, was 
formed July 12, 1S97. 

"Why Shellsrurg? 

Why "''Shellsbnrg?" A slram^'er to the town instinctively 
asks tlie question. The ae.-eplod explanation is that .lohn Sells. 
a pioneer of Canton township, de.sired t<' his name attached 
to the place, when it was laid out by Jacob Cantonwinc and Eman- 
uel S. Fluke in 1S54. The ])7-oprietors preferred auotlier name: 
perha)^.s they dii] not tliink 'Mv. Sells of sufl'ii-ieut importance to be 


thus honored. Rut they )'es]je('ted the old fi:eruleiuan and did not 
wish to oft'end liim ; so tliey eoniproiuised and called the to\M3 
Shollsburg. !Me.-iSi.s. Sells and Flnke afterward removed, to -Mis- 
souri and Cantonwine to Oregon. 

ShelLsburp,- was the third town surveyed in Benton county. 
The orii>:inal plat contained t\\'enty-four lols and two streets, Main 
and Pearl. Technically, it was on the soutliwest quarter of sec- 
tion ]1, and partly on the northwest quartei- of section 14, to\niship 
1-i, rantre 9. and was laid out by IT. "SI. Drury. deputy county sur- 
veyor. June IG, ]8n4. It is now a town of some si.x hundred 
people, in the eastern |)art of the ccmnty. twch'c miles southeast of 
Vinton and on the Chicago, Kock Island and Pacific railroad. 
To the southeast, south and west of Shellsburci- is a beautiful, 
fertile prairie, the timber lands lying toward the north and east. 
The farmers are jnostly American born citi.^ens in good circum- 
stances, and the to^^^3 has several good general stores and also 
provides the fainiing community v\-ith reliable banking facilities. 

A Stage Station. 

hi the early days, before tlfc coming of tlie railroad, Sliells- 
buri.' became quite well known as a thriving station on the Cedar 
Kapids and Vinton stage line. 

First Landlord. 

John Vhite, now deceas.>d. opened up the first tavern, where 
fo)- many years the travelers, who passed tlirou^jh on the s+age. 
as well as the jirospeetive locators, stopped and received the best 
of hospitrdity that was on the menu at that early date in the tovvn's 

, •, . Cantoxwixe's Peace. 

Cantonwine was fir.vt to engage in trade and kept an article of 
stock, whicli at this stage of the teinperance cause is not permitted 
ox»-e])i in well regulated drug stores and then by the per- 
ini^^sio!! of the court. At the time when Cantonwine "set up" 
the fir.'-t stfu-e at Shellsl)urg, Vinton was strongly prohibitory in 
sentiment, and the thirsty ones at the county seat — in particular 
the old-timers who luul not vet become converted to the New 


Thou 2:ht— found Caulouv.ine's store a haven, a refuge and an 
oasis, all combined. 

T)ie slorv runs that ''duriuLj the winte;- of 1855-6 a lawyer and 
an editor of A'^inton ii;-,-ited tlieii- wives to aeeonipany them on a 
sleigh ride to Shellslnirir. supper to be taken there. They came; 
the men v.ent to Canton wine's — to p.ce a ma)i ; and the ladies cc.n 
lei! wlio drove home to Yinlon." 

Other early s^-ttlers at Sliellsburg, besides CantouAvine and 
others mentioned, were David Kobb, the second clerk of Bent-on 
county; B. R. Dwigans. I), ^f. Sterns. Ro>al Storrs, Russell Bowe 
and K. IT. Carroll. 

FiRsr Shellsbi-rg CnrucH. 

The first church organization at Shellsburg v.-as of the Nev,- 
School Presbyterian, wliich -was foiined at the "white schooi 
house,'' J! Tiiile east c>f the future town, in ISoO. and four years 
afterv.ard was Temoved to the village v^•hich had been platted 
during tlie preceding year. (For a ditailed statement of the 
churclies of S'helisburg and vicinity, see chajiter devoted to the re- 
ligious institutions of the county.) 

In June. 1860. tlie town about one hundred and fifty 
people, a flouring mill having been erected a short time before by 
Clark and Oyler and a pottery was beijig operated by Dcnison &ud 

Gets A R.a.ilkoad. 

For a number of years before the coming of tlie railroad to 
Siiellsliurg. the cutting and shi])|iiji;c of tlie timber east of town 
comprised (juite a brisk bitsiness. hundreds of carloads of railroad 
ties and bridge timljcr lacing sent to eastern points. In the summer 
of 1870 she secured the long-desired communication, through the 
Burlington, Cedar Rapids and Xorthei-n line — now a part of the 
Chi<.-ag'-), Rock Island and Pacific system. 

Since that time hei- growth has been that of a substantial 
countr.v town : and her progress has bten to her especial credit, 
sini'C she has suffered from several destru<'ti%e fires. The worst 
conflae'ration that of April 12. 187*2. b>' which eiirhteen build- 
ings were burned to the ground. 

Vol. 1—24 

Norvav- Board of l'Miicr<tion 

should be U'.I{. Bl akol v 



«^,s .» ^<- 












In the s])riiiLr of 1870, shortly before the railroad reached 
Shollsbur^'. tlu place was incorporated a:s a town, or villafTc, of the 
tliivd class. Its tirst o!licer> were: J. (_\ SuiiJiners, mayor; J. Y. 
Stier, treas\ir<r; F. V. Sterlinu', inarshal; A. J. Dickinson. Z. 
Blackburn. Eli;is Adams. E. 11. Cowell and L P. Noe, conncilmen. 

A.\ IxDEPj:Nr;LX'i' School DistiiICt. 

TJio election to form the Independent school district of Shells- 
burg was lield ]\!arch 10, 1870. only one out of nineteen votes being 
cast against the measure. On tlie 21st of the montli D. P. Marsliall 
was elected ]n-esident of the district; J. II. Miller. Wm. Kreader, 
Alexander }\uny;in. 1). ]\L Howell, and William White, directors; 
J. P. Skea. secretary; and T. Gr;iy. treasurer. The first teachers 
em])]oyed by the Lidependent district were 11. E. Warner and Miss 
Haines. lint matters connected with the Slicllsbiirg schools will 
be found fidly treated in tlie educational chfipter of this woi-k. 

Shell.sburg's present nmni -ijjal ofKcers are as follows: IMa^-or, 
II. Strawhecker; clerk, Dell G. Files; treasurer. C. L. Penny; 
couueilmen, L. A. Dickinson. AV. W. llattield, W. M. De Foe, G. 
W. Holmes. .J. F. Bobbins and Dr. T. S. Boles. 


Colonel J. C. Summers, first mayor of Shellsburg and promi- 
]ieni botli in military matter's du7'ing the CiA'il war and in times of 
peace, was born in New Jersey. De-(^mber '■>. 1832. Wlien he was 
ten years of age his pa.rents brouglit him to Warren cuunty. 
Illinois, and in 1852. he became a resident of Benton county. Soon 
after the outbrealc of the Civil M-ar he eidisted in tlie Twenty- 
eighth Iowa Regiment and after active service, both in the south- 
west and in tlie campait^ns of the east under Slieridan. he was 
mustered out of tlie service as fii-st lieutenant of his company. 
Colonel Summers was wounded at the battle of Winchester, a 
mnsk<'t ball breaking his shoulder blade. He only took a sixty- 
days' leave of absence, however, and returned to his regiment. 
\\hich sT)ent the later ])ortion of th.e Civil war in garrison duty at 
the city of Savannali. Ceorgia. After the wai- he continued his 
ij'.tercst in Uiilitary matter.s ;ind \vas promoted from the raid\ of 
eaplain of Company C. 1. N, <;.. to tfiat oT laaj-.n- and colonel of 



tlie rtgiinoiil. As stated. Colonel Surainers was chosen first mayor 
of Slipllsburg, and also became prominent as a leader of the old 
Greenback party. 

The FniST Bank. 

The Farmers' Exchange Bank of Shellsbnr.e, which opened 
for business October 9, 1874, was the 1o%\ti's first financial inst'tn- 
tion, and a history of this, as Aveli as the other banks in the eoimty, 
will be found in a special ehapier. 


The Fai'vners' Mutual Telephone Company of Shellsburg v,-as 
organized in 1901. and has iiov,' 225 subscribei-s with these offieers: 
J. D. ITagan. president; Dr. I. S. Boles, secretary; and J. A. 
Yiles. treasurer. . ' , 

Masons of Shellsburg. 

Benton City Lodge No. 81, A. F. & A. M., was formed under 
dispensation October 31, IRoo. In 1S58. with the decline of 
Benton City, it vras moved to Shellsburg. The first oiTieers of 
the lodge were: YT. Y. Denslow, worthy inastei'; A. G. Green, 
senior warden; W. C. Stanberry. junior warden; C C. Charles. 
treasurer; J. K. Turk, secretary; J. !\i". Safford, senior deacon; E. 
L. Johnson, junior deacon ; Isaac Featlierby, tiler. The present 
membership of the lodge is fif ry and tlie prinr-ipal officers are : 0. 
C. Bergen, worthy ma>-.ier; C. E, Beatty. senior warden; A. J. 
Budd, junior warden; "W. Y". liatfield. treasurer; C. L, Penny, 
.secretary. , . 

; . . Indepexpent Order of Odd Fellows. 

Shellsburg Lodge No. 171, I. 0. 0. F.. was chartered January 
22. 18G9. the following boijig the oriy-inal members: C. T. Horton, 
E. :\L Y'ilidnson. Henry E. Parker, A. Clarke, xV. Greenwood. D. 
P. ^Marshall and J. F. Crawford. Th(,' lodge has now 110 meni.bers 
and the following ulTicers : ]\rervin Speak, noble grand; E. ^L 
Bratton. vice grand; A. K. Ivife. secretary; J. A. Burns, financial 
secretary, and J. E. Wiant, treasurer. 


The G. a. R. Post. 

J. C. Sanjmers Post, O. A. J\., being nained iu honor of Colonel 
Summers, Sliellsburg's first mayor, was orgunized xVpril 3, 1884. 
'J^he following weri- its chin'ter members: C. T. Tlortoit, nov/ living 
in Texas; Dr. I. S. Boles; W. Y. Porter and 11. E. i^irkcr, both 
deceased ; J. L. Bixley ; Komanzo E. P.owe, a resident of Vinton ; 
Morgan S. Pratt, now of Cedar Kapids; J. W. INloody; Ai-eh. Pace 
and James K. Soden, deceased; F. D. Clernmon,s, Vinton; Abram 
Dispeunet, dead; S. P. Bratton, who lives .somewhere in the west; 
John Durham, of Kansas; J. M. Elson, P. A. Jenkins, P. E. 3J.oore 
and James M. Jones, all deeea.sed ; ^Mo'rit S. Heath and 0. B. 
Barton; Alexander Langham, of Vint0]i; J. R. Porter, now de- 
ceased, and W. V7. ILdfield. Unless otherwise designated the 
charter members of Shellsburg's existent G. A. R, are living 
iu that place. There was a nmch earlier organization of the boys 
in blue, formed in 18G7, ^v'lth. J. E. Elson as commander, but it 
disbanded in 1870. ISUles Strawn is the commander of the 
present post, whicli has dv/indled to about a dozen members. 

Knights of Pvthl\s. 

Ola Lodge No. 120. Knights of Pythias of Shellsbnrg, was 
organized in 1880, and lias a present membt-jship of 60 with the 
following ollieers : C. J. Kellogg, commander; Dr. E. E. Laslibrook, 
vice commander ; Walter Graham, prelate ; and J. A. Moore, 
keeper of records and seals. 

Modern AYood:\!en. ' ■ , ; 

Evergreen Camp No. -iPol, ]\Io.dern Vv'ood)nen of America, was 
organized in tlu^ spring of 1897 and has more than sixty members. 
"W. 0. Penrose was its iirst consul and AV. C. Youel, clerk. "W. H. 

Graham is the present consul. ,, ;; ^ ■- ". • y-\.>r .■> i- 



First Owners of C4akrison — Thk Garrison of Today — Ele- 
vators Axi) Tile Factor v — Telephone Companies — Modern 
Woon.MEx AND Odd Fellows — Village oe Norw.^y — Osman Tut- 
TLEj Founder op Norway- — Pioneer Settlers — Farmers' Eleva- 
tor Company — Norway Lodges. 

Ill April. 1873, the tou-n of P>euton was l^tid out on the farm of 
Jonathan Barkdoll by Surveyor C'. G. Johnson. The plat was 
filed for record on Jiil> '-2d. and for some time about all the evi- 
dence of a tovai wliieh appeared was a sii^n-board ten feet long, con- 
spicuously bearing tlie name of Benton Vritli the extension of the 
Burling! on. C^'dar Rapids and Northtm line westv.-arvl from 
Vinton, it took the name of its postoniie. Gamson. \\i)ieh was 
established December ]2, 1873. 

First 0\\xers of (tarriSON. 

The Barkdoll family'. v.-hi<-h cojnpi'ised several brothers, came 
from Allec;any county. Maryland, in 1854. to thi.s lo-ality in 
Benton county, and all took up lar-j^e tracts of land at and ueai- 
what is now the town of Garrison. Oup of the sons of Jonathan. 
Willi;;)]) Bai'kdoll, w}if> was ])f'rn about tlie time the family located 
in Benlon county, is nov,- ;i jn-nsperous lumber and coal dealer at 

The Garrison of Today. 

Garrison has now a population of more than five hundred 
people, and is one of the Houri.shing; stations on the Chicago. Rock 
Island and Pacific line in Benton county. It has a good graded 
school, three chnrclies. two banks, well-supported weekly paper, two 
elevatoi-s. brick and tile works, ca.nning factory and a thorough 
telephone servii-e. lis canning plant is a branch of the Vinton 
establisinnent and was fouiuh^d in 1901. 

, - 374 


Elevators and Till Factory. 

Tiie two graiij elevuior.s at Garrison are owned and operated 
by the Stockdale-Dietz Company of Estherville, Iowa, and the 
Garrison Gi'ain and Liui"il)'.'r Comj.tariy. TJie latti-r is a corporation 
composed of local fariaer.s and business men, whicii was organized 
in July, 1909. As its name implies, it a)so conducts a lumber yard. 

In June, 1901, Frank iJauteiJiout established the Garrison 
Brick and Tile Works, whose proprietor and mauagcr is Casper 
C. Gross. 


In 1902 the GarrisOJi ^Mutual lYlcpliune Compauy was organ- 
ized. It now operates about ninety instruriients, ^viih S. h. Gulick. 
president, and Jolm Baun, secretary. 

&■ { 4 ■ i 

t ■'- 



The Farmers' "J'elephoiie Compauy is reported to have a list 
of some 300 subs<_-ril,)ors. Its president is Dr. F. C. Carle; se.-re- 
t<iry, Charles E. Bryant, and treasurer, Frank-Na^^vc, Garrison. 


Garrison's two fkjurisliing lodges are the Modern Woodmen 


No. HS17 and the Odd Fellows, No. Go.'i. Tlie latter was organized 
in M;u;ch, VM¥), and has a meniber.ship of more than forty, with, 
the following officers: Fred Ronimann, vice grand; riiil. Hardin- 
ger. vice commander; C C Ilardinger, secj-etary; and B. T. Gray- 
son, treasurer. The AVoodmen lodge, which numbers over eighty w;is founded A})ril 25, 1S96, by the following: Juliu? 

E. Kaehman, Chaides G. Barkdoll, John G. Barkdoli, Joachim 
Blocker. Thomas 11. Galloway, Nichalaus Gross, S. L. Gulick, John 

F. Harmon. Austin N. Irwin, James Merchant, Elmer E. Shafer. 
H. W. Stoeclcer, Frank S. Ulery and FredeidclL Wiegold. Presenr 
ofHcors of the Woodmen lodge of Garrison: J. F. Harriman, vice 
councelor; George Gordon, worthy adviser; C. F. Irons, hanker; 
II. L. Harriman. escort; and S. L. Gulick, clerk. 

The IJoyal Neighbors of America (Emma No. 1655) were' 
ins1itut'-^d as a lodge A])ril 29, 1898. They are auxiliary to the 
Woudmen order. 

VILLAG^; OF Norway. ' ■ -^ 

Norway is a village of nearly six lumdred inhabitants, located 
on the Chicago &: Northwestern railioad, twenty-four miles soutli of 
Vinton, in Florence township, the extreme southeastern section of 
l^.enton conndy. A^lthough founded forty-seven yeai-s ago. the 
popiilation of the towji and \-icinit>' is still largely Norwegian '.or 
at least Scandinavian) and Gei-man, and no more industrious. suJ>- 
stantial and law-abiding of ]jeo])le caii he found. Norway 
contains two good bnnks, a flourishing elevator company, a well 
conducted newspapei", neat opern house, several tiourishing stores 
and one of tin' stronirest Catiiolic churches in ihe county. 

The first school in No!'\vay w:;s built in 1874, on the liigh bank 
in tlie northwest ])art of t'iic iown. ]n 1908 was erected the Union 
school now offupied by the four high stdiool arjd the eight grammar 
grades. It is two stories and basement a?ul contains four rooms. 
Attendance about 150. ]'rincij)al. f7. W. Di.-kman. v.ith three 
assistants. Norway school board; President. A. Ilougcn; secre- 
tary. L. dnrgemeyei-. and trca.surer, Johu T. STuith ; other directors. 
N. II. Blakely, C. E. Simi)soii an<l Shure Lar.son. " • •■■•':•. 


The village, which is incorp(n-ated, was not platted until two 
vcars after the Chicago & Nortlnvestern railroad had reached that 


part of tlie county. In 1859 Osman Tutlie, a fanner and a Xor- 
wegiau by birth, loratcd on section ]7, Florence township, and 
although then in his sixty-second year accomplished much in the 
founding of the present village. He ap[)ears to have been a man 
of some property wlien he t-e'-ame a n-sident of Benton county. 
Mr. Tuitlc fa-st came to America in 183G, returned to Norway in 
1855; again became a resident of the United States in 1856, and 
located on section 17. adjoining the present site of the village to 
the north. 

Eventually Mr. Tuttle owned a srjuare mile of land near his 
original purchase, and in the sj^ring of 1863 donated eleven acres 
to tlie Chicago & Xorthwcstern Railroad Company for depot and 
right-of-way. on condition that the new town should bear the name 
of his native country. Then, as nov,-. the name of the township 
was Florence. The railroad acceded to ]^.Ir. Tuttle 's offer, and in 
June, 1863, the county .surveyor, P. P. Smith, laid out the new 
tovsTJ north of the tracks, on tlie nortlieast quarter of the northv.est 
(ryarter of section 20, and it \\as duly recorded, in the foIlo\mig 
month, as Norway. Its proprietor helped to build the first school 
house in town. Both he and his wife were earnest members of 
the Lutheran cliurch. whose establishment in the southeastern part 
of the county owes much to their labor>. 

In the course of a fev,- years after the platting of the town, the 
inhabitants secured a change of name to conform to tliat of the 
toM'nship ; but. although the post ofdce was Florence, the railroad 
company stood by its rontract vdtii ]Mr. Tuttle, and kept Norway 
upon the depot sign; and thus it is today. ^ 

Pioneer Settlers. 

The first settler upon the town .site was 0. B. Dutton, of lilason- 
\ijle, the slatioii agent. He was also the first merchant, and lived 
in a freight car while his home and store were being built. Joseph 
Smith (a blacksmith') and W. L. Harper came next. In the 
sjiring of 1865 W. F. Atkinson, an Illinois farmer and a Union 
soldier recently discharged from Confederate prisons, erected the 
second store at Norway and continued in business there for twelve 
years. He afterward served as supervisor of Benton county, hav- ■ 
ing retired to his farm in the .southeasttjrn pail of the tfiwuship. 

It is said that the death was that of :\Ir. Dutton 's little 
son, and that Mr. Harper's daughter. Margaret, was the first child 
born at X'^orway, or Floi-ence. 


As early as liie seveutics Norway had a steam llourmg mill, 
and v.'a.s repi-eseiited in a busiuc-ss way by several well-stookec 
stores. It is uovv one of the best small towns in the county. i:> 
school, banks and churches being properly described in ot.'ier 
cliapters. Norway's opera hovisr- was thru\\n open to the pub'.i'.- 
in 1901. 

Farmers' Elevator Comp.vny. 

The Farmers' Elevator Company of Norway i.=; a co-operariv-? 
grain and stock concern, Avith a capital of $8,000 and over :i:orTy 
meraljers. The elevator which it controls has a capacity of IS.UvJ 
bushels and vras built by the Welis-Hord Grain Company in the 
fall of 1902. 

- . : So . 

Norway Lodges. , ;. . , . 

Rl. Clair Lodge No. 1G4. A. F. & A. IM., was chartered J'ln- 
3. LS63. Its first officers were: James iNlcQ.uinn. worthy m:-..>-.rr: 
diaries G. Turner, senior warden; Samuel Springer, junior -var- 
doii ; Vr. Alspaugli, treasurer; Thomas li. Springer, secrets ry: 
Jacob Springer, senior deacon; L. W. Stocker. junior deacon.: J. 
Wheeler, tiler. The lodge lias a membership of about lony. 
Charles Buchanan is worthy master; Dr. C. E. Simpson. .seere:ary. 
and James Pirie, trea.?urer. 

The :\Iodern Woodmen of America, No. 4044. v»as orga^ikru 
in 1S93. It has now about twinty members, with Alexander aI:-- 
Grecror as V. C... J. AV. Pirie, AV. A., and 11. L. Pirie, banker. 



Village of Van Hokne — Two Flourishing Institutions — 
P^VEMERS Co-operative Co^jpany — Van Horne Grain and Livk 
Stock Company — The Local Banks — Electric Light and Power 
Company— Va>. IIorne's Telephone Companies — Lodges at 
Van IIORNE — Prosperous, Comfort.'lble-Looking KLeystone — 
Keystone Banks— Keystone J&rcantile Company — Secret So- 
cieties — Luzerne's History and Pj^esent — I^ioneer I\Ierchant — 
Worthy Retired Pioneers. 

Van IforDC. a gro\\ing tov^-n of five liiuidred people, on the 
Chicago, i\Iilvw!nkee & St. Paul line, in the northeastern part of 
llnion township, is fourteen liiiles southwest of Vinton, and is a 
product of the railroad named. It was founded in October, ISSL 
when the road rea-jhed thtit ptirt of the county, and wa.s nnmed in 
honor of Williaiu C Van Home, then genei'al superintendent of 
the company, who has made an iuternational reput^Ttion as a rail- 
road builder, rnanag-er and promoter. For the past twenty-eiglit 
years he has been the great force in tlie development of the Cana- 
dian Pacific systems : is president of the comjiany which is throw- 
ing a net-work of rails over Cuba, and has been Knighted by the 
Britisli governm:'nt for liis .splendid services in the expansion of 
Dominion interests. 

Village of Horne. 

If it lives up to the reputation of its godfather, Van Horne is 
destined to be a big place. It has the highest altitude of any of 
the larger towns in the county, 943 feet; lias a rich country from 
which to draw ifs business and commerce; is settled by a sturdy, 
industrious cl;tss (mostly Germans), and has every qualification 
foi' continued growth. VaTi Horne was originally a section rail- 



road towu, the roiunnnts of this former gJory being a two-story 
Imtcl on one sido of llic track and a round house on the other. 
Van Iforne luis now two ban.ks; a good uowspajjer; a v/ell organ- 
ized sehool of more than a hundred {)iij)ils founded in 1S52, soon 
after the phittiu^i' of the to\sn ; fuur ehiirches'ai!. Evan- 
gelieal Association, and Catholic; several stores, vrith 
]nvge stocks of goods, two elevatore and two telephone companies. 


The two most iloiirishiiig business institutions of Van Home 
are the Farmers Co-operative Coinpony, v.ith a capital of $20,000 
nnder tlie management of Charles Van Deusen. and the Van Home 
Gi'ain and Live Stock Company, of which U. S. Fry is general 

Farmers' Co-oi'Erat]ve Coi^ipany. 

V/hen Van Home v.-fis founded one of the first buihlmgs to 
be erected was the grain warehouse vrhicli was completed by J. W. 
Stanley in tlie fall of 1881. In 18S1 what is now known as the 
cast elevator and owned hy the Farmers' Co-operative Company, 
was built by tlic railroad. This has a capacity of 50.000 bushels. 
In February, 3 908, IIG farmers chiefly liviiig along the line of tlie 
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railroad between Newhall. Van 
Home and l<cystonc, organiy.ed this co-operative enterprise. Its 
operations involve extensive dealinps in grain, lumber, coal and 

Van IIurxe Grain and Ljvp: Stocp: Co.njpany. 

The west elevator, built by S. Weam & Son in 1881, has a 
capacity of oO.OOO bushels and is operated by the Van Home 
Farmers Grain and Live Stock Company. In a w;iy the business 
of the t\\o compa.nies is divided, as this enterprise includes deal- 
ings in live sJo<-k but not in liimber. The company was organized 
:Manh 11. }':\0<. with $i:>,000 capita!, and the following are its 
officei-s: 0. 0. Knumgardner. president: Fred Hagen, vice presi- 
dent, and V. S>. Fry. sccrelrirv and 1 rcasurcu". 


The Tjocal Banks. 

The Van Home Savings Bank was estahlishod !March 7, 1908. 
^ntll a capital of $12,000. as now. OtTicers: Henry Kerkiuan, 
preside7i1. AVin. Baunitrairhier, vice pre.'^ident, and J. T*. Kroelmke, 

The Farmei's Savings Bank of Va7i Home, was organized 
December 7, 1897, the banking of the place for ten years pre\-ious 
having been conducted by the Benton County Bank of Blair.stown. 
Originally, the capita] of the Farmers Savings Bank was $12,000, 
and its officers: G. W. Welsh, president; P. D. Bell, vice president 
and Charles H. Ilarlung, cashier. In 1907 the capital was in- 
creased to $25,000, and the present management of the bank com- 
prises the following: William Jewitt, pr^i^sident ; ]\Iichael Kelly, vice 
president, Charles H. Hartuug. cashier; L. A. Fry, assistant 
ca.shier. ' . 

Electric Light and Powkr Company. 

In 1905 John Holler and Charles H. Hartung founded the 
Van Home Electric Light and Power Company, and built ciuite a 
complete plant for $13,000. Y/hat was lacking — a good .storage 
battery — was added by Mr. Holler in 1906. after he had purchased 
his partner's interest. The plant supplies about 800 incandesr-ent 
lights, besides furnishing power to the hotel, new.spaper. churches, 
farms, etc.. in the pumjung of water and operation of machinery. 
It Ls one of the most successfully operated plants of the kind in 
Benton county. 

Van Hokne's Tkij:phonk Comt'anies. - . . ■ 

The town aiid surrounding country are brought into business 
and social comnumication through the Farmers Telephone Company 
and the Iowa Telephone Company (Bell). About 160 subscribers 
patronize the former. Li 1S9S the Benton county Telephone and 
Telegraph Compaiiy fii'sl came into th^' local field, but failed to build 
up much of a business. In Jaiui;iry. 1907, the Farmers Telephone 
Company was onranized. It is now a substantial concern, vsith 
0. P. Tyler, president: John ^IcLaunhlin, vice ytn-sident : TI. L. 
Weam, secretary, aiul E. S. Thompson, 1 rer. 



The Odd Fellows lodge, at Van ITorue, No. 249, was organized 
in January. 1SS4. and its officers are U. S. Fry, N. G. ; PI. L. '^Team, 
V. G.. and Felix Boclnnan. secretary. Mr. TVeani is also protector 
of the Ilialil.ind Xobles No. 87. and Aura L. Weain, secretary. The 
latter lod<jre ha.s a membership of forty. 

I'nion Lodire No. 36. ^lodern BrothorLood of America, Van 
Ilornt . \\a'> oi-g-anized in JSLtY. It now has thirty members. 


Keystone, in the eastern portion of Kane township, is the last 
station on the Chicago ^Milwaukee & St. Paul road in Benton 
county, and was founded in 1881. Its fi^^t settlers were Germans 
and Pennsylvania Dutch, and they still comprise ^'^^tually its entire 
population of four hundred souls. A stranger, if suddenly drop- 
ped from an airship into Kevstone. would find it difficult tn believe 
that he had not landed in Holland or Germany. Especially would 
th.e gatherings of retired fanners and villagers at the Keystone 
House, witli its big sitting room in front and its dance hall in the 
rear of the hotel, tend to carry out the delusion. 

Keystone is a comfortable-looking, prosperous, neat, moral and 
sociable town, but not a supporter of cliurches. The German 
Lutheran chvnvh is weak in membership and Catholicism has never 
oV^tained a foothold in tlie community. 


Keystone is surrounded by a good farming country, and its 
residents are industrious :ind generally well-to-do. Two banks 
ai-e substantially maintained— the German State and the Farmers' 
Savings Banlc. The foi-mer wtis founded by A. F. Allen, of Blaii-s- 
t'Avn. S. S. Sweet, of Belle Plainc. and Cliai-les "\V. Shireman, of 
Keystone, in 1891. It was incorpoi-ated under its present name 
in 190r). with Egtreri OfTl as president: Jacob Pohlmann. \-ice 
presidi'iil : Charles AY. Shii-i-man, easiiier. and 0. VT. Allen, assis- 
tant cashier. Its present financial status is indicated by the follow- 
ing items: Capital. $23,000; undivided prifits. $6,?50, and deposits, 
.$275,000. Ofiiccrs now s^rvirm-: Jacob Pohlmann, president; F. 


A. Greulieh, vice president; Kusscll Siir',-evf>,, casliier, and Charles 
W. ShireiiKin. assistant cashier. 

Thi^ Fanners' Savings Bank was onrani/cd ^Ia\' 1. 1005, its 
Mi"st ofllcei-s bf'ing: Henry J. ^il'eyer, president; P. -J. Schoelerman. 
vice president, and AVilJiam Kronihaih, cas])icr. Since April 1. 
1906, the following Inne served: }]eiir\- J. IVlfver. president: 
George Harder, vice president; J. 11. lioxema. casliier; Mi.'is Anna 
Sehnette, assistant cashier. The ca]>ital stock of tlie concern is 
it^lo.OOO, undivided ])rofits .$.5,500, and deposits $275,000. 


Tlie Keystone .Mercantile Company is a prosperous organi/.a- 
'tion of about eighty fanners and Imsines.s men. who hold shares 
in its capital stock of $20,000. Grain, feed, lumber, coal, brick, 
and tile are all handled. Tlie company controls an elevator of 
25,000 busliels and has the foikiv\ing ofiicer.? : F. Sehluntz, presi- 
dent r Geo. Harder, vice president; K. W. Berustorf, secretary- 
treasurer and general mrmager. 

Keystone is lighted from an electric plant built in 1899. by 
Otto Krohraan, and is still owTiod and operated by him. It fur- 
nishes tlie town and near-by residents with 1,200 liglits. 


The social side of Keystone is illustrated by the flourishing 
condition of its lodges. The Odd Fellows (Lodsre No. 35) organized 
April 15, 1S97. with the following charter members: W'm. Bender, 
Jr.. Claus F. Jordan, A. C Bielenberg, Wm. Bender. Si-.. Theodore 
Klappholz. Leonard Kimm and Ja"ob Jaeo1«. The lodge hcis a 
meuibersliip of seventy-five. Claus Eugelbrecht is noble grand ; 
Claus F. Jordan, vice grand; F. AY. Selienken, recording secretary; 
J. F. Feuerbach. financial secretary, and Petci- Henningseii. 
treasurer. In September, 1905, the Odd Fellows of Keystone 
completed tiieir temple at a of $5,000. 

Tlie lidjekaJis (au.xiliary) Nn. 135 ctfected an organization 
October 20. 189S. 

Tlic Loyal Legion, No. 1S9. oruMuized in 1894. It lias 
ab(tut fifteen members, ofticered as follows: Peter Henningsen. 
lu'csident ; William Schuette and Henry Thie-ssen, secretaries. 

Lodge Nu. 45G0. :\[. W. A., was cliartered Februaiy IS, 1S97. 
with t wciity-tb.ri.'c members. Its sti'ongth is now thirtv. and J. F. 

- £ 


Feuerlnir-k is consul; Pnyson A. S^uow. iulvist-r; Henry Ilunl'ir, 
banker, and Tlieodore Klopluiltz. clerk. 

A lodiie of the Modern Brotherhood of Anv-rica was also 
orf^anized at Kcy^;touc. January 10. 1893. 


Lu7.e]-ue is a town of less tluni two hundred people, whi h 
owes its existence to tlie desire of the Chit.-a.uo & Northwestern 
Railway Conii^any to have a stati<.)n between Belle Plaine and 
Blaii-stown. Accordin^rly in Oflobei-. 1867. the station at Buckeye 
was removed to the open prairie on the lino between Leroy ixrA 
Iowa townships. Its site is h^inilthful and elevated, beinj^ amoi.g- 
the highest in the county. 

Some of tlie first houses erected in Luzernr' wert- moved fr::r. 
Buckeye. Isaa'- B. Howe and his wife, Hannah R.. proprietor^, 
the town, recorded the plat April 17. 18GS, and for a couple 
years the frrowlh of the ])lace was quite noticeable. In 1870 it 
had about forty buildinirs of all desr-riptions, including a f::-e 
public school house finished that year and a flourishing Lutheran 
church. Durinir that year Lu7.<-rne shipped more than 100.000 
bushels of wheat, 30.000 poin«ds of butter and eggs and near-y 
as much pork, besides nearly 1.000 live hogs. The population of 
the village in the late seventies was about three liundred, mostly 

Luzernt- has now about a dozen places, including 
tw'j creneral stures. two crea.m .stations, an elevator, a blacksmiiii 
shop, bank and liotel. The town s<-hool i.s attended by forzy 
pupils, while al>!)ut twire that nujuber arc enrolled in the parochial 
.school connected with the Gernuin Lutheran churrh. Residents 
of the place, young and old, are intelligent and industrious, ard 
although Luzerne h;is not n.alrrially gro\Mi for some time p:ist- 
its people aj)i>i\ir happy and C'^mtenti^d. 


E. J. Ditzler, who erfctcd th-' first store at Luzerne, was a 
Pennsylvania Diiti-hniau. who resid'-d for several years in Ohio 
an.l Illinois before he came to Iowa in the fall of 1856. He tirst 
located a1 Cedar R'apids, where he eni;aired in the dranug business?. 
He couTi'uied in this linr for a nimiber ui y ars in various towns 



in TowM untW 18()7, when he esbililished himself a,s Luzerne's 
l)ioneer' merchant. ITis was a real old-fashioned general store, 
as he earried a full Hne of staple and fanr-_\- dj'vgoods, groceries. 
Iiai'dwiire, ready-made clothing', hats, caiis. boots ajid shoes, besides 
dealing in izrain arid genera! prodnce. Tie wa.s ihe first post- 
master at Luzi'i'iie and lield the oflu-e for a. luuiiber of years. 


Luzerne lias a number of able and substant'ad j-etired farmers, 
but none more esteemed than Henry Wehrmann. He came \\'ith 
his parents to the United States in 1653. being tlieu eighteen yeai^s 
old, ;uid after farming four .\'ears iu Illinois the family decided 
to locate on lands west of the ]\rissis.sip])i river. Famil\- and family 
goods were loaded into a box ear for the termiiius of the road, at 
Rock Island, but before that plr-co Avas reached the train was 
wrecked and wife and mother fnta.lly injured. The sad but not 
discoiuMged widower movetl bi-aveiy on toward his far western 
liome. the son Henry, then twelvi' yciu-s of age. faithfully assisting 
his father during the following t!ei-ade to found another home- 
stead in Iowa township. Benton eounty. lie entered a riuarter 
section himself in 1859. which was the basis of his life competency. 
In 1890 he and his wife moved to Luznaie to enjoy the good tilings 
which they had earned — not only the comforts of industry but 
tl'.e lionoi's of moral excellence. 

• '■'•.■'.■tM .' ( 

Vol. I— 'JC 



Mai;ysviele Becomes Uki;ana — Interesting Oi.n-Ti.MEK— 
Uriiana's Most Stirring Event — ^Moent .Auljurn — Cedar Town- 
ship Pioneer— Newhall — First Xewiiale Merchant — Atkens-- 
Waefokd — AY ATKINS— Founders of Watkins. 

Urbana was orioiiially founded as "Hoosicr Point " and 
Marysville, and is thoi-efore the oldest town in Benton connty. 
Hoosier l^oint was simply a fairly eonden?^od settlement of the 
pioneers of Benton connty, hut ^hn-ysville was regularly platted, 
May 5, 1847, on the nortli twenty acres of the west half of the 
northeast quarter of Section 3-i, tov/uship 6i), range 9. -Joseph 
Pcmington was the origiiial proprietor and h\ J. Pigaud, connty 
surveyor, run the lines aud drove tlie stal'es of the new town. 
Although it was surveyt^d niuc months before Yinton, its first post^ 
master, dohn S. Fors\-th. was not appointed until September 21, 
18-18, nearly two years after Steplien Ilolcomb assumed siniilar 
duties at the county seat. 


In March., 1857, ^lanatheka was laid out on parts of sections 
26 pnd 35. julji.iiiiug the plat to the, and was 
considered an addition to :\rarysville. The postoffice of Urbana 
was e;-,tablishcd November L*7. 1S57. but the towji until long after- 
ward was popularly spoken of as Marysvilh\ At the time the 
goverment gave it the name ])y v/hich it is now knov/n, there were 
four steam saw-mills iu the immediate vicinity; several thrifty 
business eoncei'ns ajipeared to hi- well establish.ed. and the people 
were considered noticeable eutei-prising. Iu 1857 they even ofTeied 
a bonus of one thousiind dollars as an inducement for some one to 
erect a steam llouring mill; but that propv-sition fell on barren 

386 .. , -u V... 


<,'roun(l. For a iiuiub'.'r of years after the Burlington. Cedar 
Rapids and Northern road i^^ave l>bana and Benton City the cold 
sliovdder, iii favor of Sneilsbur^r and Ymton, the saw-mill aftorded 
I'rbana a fair trade. But, on the whole, lier prospects have .stead- 
ily declined .since 1870. Tlie pbu;e has, liowevcr, a good general 
trade with tlte farrn<rrs of the noj-theastern section, and also has 
a well-sustained savings lianic. The Urbana Creamery Company 
is one of its best business institutions. 


One of the interesting old-timers of Benton county' is Robert 
Beri-y. a I'etired citizen of Urbana nearly eighty-two years of age. 
lie commenced farming in Polk township in 1852. Ten years 
afterward lie one of the hundreds who started for ''Pike's 
Peak or bust." He was among the lucky ones, on the whole, but 
finally settled clown to the more dependable work of getting riebes 
from the Soil of Benton couMiy. 


T>bana has, as a rule, passed an uneventful, even peaceful 
life. It was never more stirred than during the fall of 1899. 
when several incendiary fires uci-urred. The exeiting episo:les ml- 
niinated, November 11th, in tin- wre<-l:ing and burning of the 
Moniior newsjiaper otliee and tin^ Burrell store, with the death 
of Clarence Burrell. At the S'jund of th*- first explosion. J. D. 
Burrc'il. with his wife and two sons, started for the store, which 
tliey fou):d }iartially wrecki-d by dxTtiamite when they arrived in 
fr-(int of it. While standing before the building a second explosion 
"K-curred. whi'-h hurled UlHrni'i' half wa>' <Kit)ss the street, killing 
iiim instantly and resultinir in tlie fire which completed the 
destruction of ttie store. The youth who thus met his fate would 
luive been nineteen years of age witlnn a week, and his death was 
deepl\' deplored. In the see<nid story of the wrecked and burneil 
store buikling were the lodge rooms of both the Odd Fellows and 
Masons. .. ., V ' 

Frbana's worst fire occurred Novembor 14, 1905. It com- 
meneed in L. A. Kelty's imjtlemcnt store, and burned two build- 
ings ovaied by him. and three by Cone l:5r(>thers of AYindoiri, 
?.Iinnesota. as well as the [lost'jllice and the Urbana Savings 



Ill 1S70 ;i turi)-to,ble and side-track of the Burlingtu)). Cedar 
I\;ipids & X())tl!eni fClricj^pw, Rod: Isiaiid &■ Par-ific) road was. 
built at !Mount Aubnrii. eight miles iK)rih\vest of Vinton and then 
tlie terminns of the line. This v/as the eomniencemcnt of the place, 
althougli s<K)n, with the extension of tlie road, tlie turn-table 
Avas removed to La Porte. The site of the place was originally 
owned by ]\lilton S. Hall and Tliomas D. Lewis, and its plat wa^ 
recorded June 19. 1871. ^Ir. Soesbe, its first mercliant. was also 
its first st<dion master, and its first grain warehouse was built 
by Mr. Cudgel. The latter was th-j sceno of a fatal accident Sep- 
tember 15, 1871, when tlif young son of Postmaster Lewis was 
smothered in the elevator hopper. 

About the time Mourit Auburn vras surveyed a school house 
was built, at which the teachers of Cedar township held a suoeess- 
ful institute -January 20. 1872. In Jul.\ of Inal year the ^Jethodis: 
church was dedicated for v\'orship and in ^^Titrch, 1873, the Chris- 
tian church was opened. The latter is still alive, although at 
last accounts, without a pastor. 

In 1873 a cheese factory was established at Mount Auburn 
])y a stock company, of whicli A. Kile was president and manager. 

The place has a weekly ]:>apor. Mount Auhurn Xcus, H. B. 
Lizer, editor; a good savings bank; several subst-Jintial bu.sines<5 
hoiises and a well managed telephone exchange. 


Menry J. L;rrnb. wlio has been engaged in luisiness at Afourt 
Auburn for nearly thirty ye;iis. is of an old pioneer family. His 
father. S. T. Lamb, wlio ^^as one of the founders of Fraukf on. 
Indiana, where he was a business man and manufacturer for 
years, came to Lenton county iu 1852 and entered eight hundred 
acres in Cedar townshiji. Aft(>r spending a winter in Vinton, he 
returned to Indiana, ])ut finally located iu Chicago where he spent 
the last few yeai-s of his life p.-cvious to 19i)3. Henry J. came to 
Benton county from Chicago and carried on his fatlier's farm 
in Cedar township for about ten years before lie located at Blount 
Auburn. ■ •■ . 



Newliall is a town of .'iboiit 260 i)Cople iii tlie eastern part of 
Eldoi'ado township, and is a station on the Chicago, Milwaukee & 
St. Paul railroad between Van IJorne and Atkins. It ha.s a 
nnniber of stores, an elevator and tile and butter faetorics. The 
latter have been in operation some ten vf.-ars, E. H. ]Mor)-ow being 
proprietor of the tile factory and Gardiner t.^ Jurgclaus of the 
butter factory. The Lutherans have a eliurch at Newliall, of 
which Ivev. Mr. Mathaidetz is piistor. 


E. II. ^Morrow, by general consent, is celled the pioneer 
merchant of Newhall. In 1881, having just att^Jned his majorit}', 
he established a lumber yard at that place, the Chicago, ]\iilwaukee- 
& St. I'aul railroad being then in eoursp of construction. He 
afterward branched on.t in many other lines, but for tiie past 
few years has centered his efforts in the bnilding up of a hardware 
and implement business. For .sometime he also owned the tile 
factory at Newhall. He possesses hnids and buildings; is interested 
in the local savings bank and in all local aifairs of a public 


■ • ! 

AtkiiiS is a station on liie Chii-ago. jlilwaulcee & St. Panl road, 
in the eastern part of Benton county, and has a poj)ulation of 
about iwo IniJidi'ed. The town has a dozfn business houses of 
various kinds, a bank (Atkins Sannss"). a conent and tile factory, 
aiid an elevator operated hy ilie Alkins Grain Company. It has 
three schools, including the on(^ connect^Hl Mith the Lutheran 
church. Besides that society, in charge of liev. C. A. Krog, is tie 
P)-esl.)yt.eriau chuiL-h, of whicli Pev. J. A. IMcKay is pastor. 


t. >■' i 

Walford is a station on tlie branch of the Chicago, Milwaukee 
& St. Paid road which cuts througii the e.Ktreme southeastern cor- 
ner of ii(;nton. county, and has a p<»pulatioii of le. s than one 
liundrtjd. It is surrounded liy a good fanning country, hov.'cver. 


and lias a savings bank (The Fanners) which aci^onimodates ])oth 
local merchants and the farmers in quite a large adjacent territory. 
The tv.o elevators at AVall'ord ai-e controlled by the N'coia Elevate)- 
Company and the Jael-.son TJrain Company.- ai'C also two 
hai-dwarc an.d iraph-ment houses and a general store. 



AVatkins, which is now har.Jly more thaii a name, is a station 
on the Chicago and Northwestern )ailv,a\ inidway between Blairs- 
town and Norway. It was laid out in t)ie fall of 1873, on the 
northwest quarter of section 2G, St. Clair township, and was 
named in honoi- of Superiiitcndent AVatkins, of that road, wlio 
was killed in a railway collision in October of that year. The 
site of AYatkins was formerly the farm of Charles G. Turner 
and the town plat was filed for re*;ord August 16, 187-4. For 
a number of years after its fonndiug. AYatkins was quite a grow- 
ing shipping poiijt for gi\iin. 11^,000 biishels being shipped in 
l^wS. Of this amount -44.000 bushels consisted of wheat, and 
53,000 bushels of grain were eredited to George Danskin alone. 


C. G. Turner and Geoige M. Danskin were among the best 
known piojieers and founders of the village of Y\'atkins, St. Clair 
township. :N[r. Turner was a Yirginian, who moved to Pennsyl- 
vania when a young man of twenty-two and came to Benton 
county in 1S60. being tlien in his iifty-second year. During thirty 
yearsof his early life he followed, the trade of a carpenter, but in 
1854 eidered a farm of tliree luuulred and twenty aeres. and thus 
familiariz'/d hinKself with the pursuit in whieh he made pro- 
nounced success as a citizen of St. Clair township. When the 
village of Watkins was laid out. in the fall of 1873. a part of :\Ir. 
Turner's farm became its site. Several years before the Chicago 
and Northwestern Ffailroad made Watkins a station, Mr. Turner 
raised five thousand dollars by subscription to establish tlie depot 
there. He finally gave the railroad company seven acres of land 
for the depot and the right-of-way through his property. He also 
spent a large sum of money to establish the postofiice at Watkins. 
and was apinunted its first postnuister. He founded the first 
Masonic lodi:e iti this section of the c(,unty. held the olticcs of 


justic-e of the. peace, seho*;] direrlor and ol hoi's, iitid for many 
years \va.s esteemed one of th(' leadini: fiti;cens of the Soutlieru 

Mr. ])iuis]an built tie' first dwclliiif!; hoiise aiid the first '^tore 
iu Watkin.s. Tie was the first man to establish liimsejf iu 
there, ereited a larcre Av;uehou-^e, establislied a hiii)l)er-yard, dealt 
in gi-aiu. and was in evt-ry \v;\y ils leading pioneer business man. 
In addition to varied business interests, he was also station 
agent of the Chieago & Northwestern Ivailway Company. 



Twenty Townsjups in 18G0 — A Settlek of 1845 — Benton 
TowNsiiip/49— jAMi:s J J ice and Ebenezer Berry — Settlers of 
1S52 — Garriher Introduces Horses — Big Gro\'t; Tov.-nship 
Pioneers — John P. Chinn and Elias Doan — The Hannas oi' 
Big Grove — Helped Organize The Township — Founder of 
Township Schools — The Auld Family, '54 — Typical "Semi- 
Dugout" — Shutts, Father and Son — Bruce Tov/nsiiip Pio- 
neers — Settlers of 1S58 — Canton Township Pioneer Y/oman 
— First Election in Township — ^Mr. and Mrs. David Hite, 1850 
— Hoi'SELESS For Fifteen ]\riLp:s — Siiellsburg, One Log Cabin 

TURIST — ^Ir. and ]\Ir.>. Walker, 1856 — Lived on Farm Fifty-six 
Years— John liicuAirr, 1855 — C!edar 'J'ov/nship Pioneers — Firsi 
Settlei;s of Eden Tov.-nship — First Post.master — Sei'tlers of 
185o--J'*i0NEER Fruit Kaiser — They Came in 1854 — John A. 
DiLLiNG, ]855 — Other Settlers of the Fifties — Eldorado's 
First StoTTLer — Emanuel Baker, 1S55 — These Came in 185G 
— First House in Fremont Township — Additions in 1854 and 
1855 — Alexander .Johnson. 1855 — Pioneers of Harrison Town- 
ship— Eak-ly Settlers of Homer Townsihp — Founder of Re- 
PUTJLiCANiSM — Thomas Collins, 1857— First Claim in Iowa 
TowNSHu^ — .John Schild, 1852 — Early Settlers in Jackson 
TowNs:Hi'--lAMKS AV. Atley. 1850 — A Kane Township Yeteran 
— "Lone '1'ree" Farm — CoNiiAD Tatge. 1852— Phesa Conley, 
1850— ]*OLK Township Pioneers — The Brysons and Kemingtoxs 
— Settlers of the IOarly FjFTif:s — Early Comers to Taylor 
Township — A Union Township Pioneer. - ;. 

As near as can h(^ ascertainoJ froiu the iniperfect county 
reeo)-d.s, the first tov. n.-^hips created i!i Benton I'ounly were Polk. 
lientDH and Canton. At a meeting of the eomnii.-«ioDers' court 
liekl in A]tril, 1847. Aiulerson Amos was appointed supervisor of 
Polic towTiship. whieli »-oiit;»iDcd ]\]arys\ ill.', and David Jewell, of 
J'?enton; dohn I\oyal and George Cantonwine. supervisoi-s of Can- 



ton township, and Thomas Way, supervisor on a certain road 
"commencing at the corner of Harrison's field and running- to 
Edward's Ford across the Cedar river." 

Prior to 1S51 it is e\Tc!ent that. Taylor and Harrison town- 
ships v»ere also created by the boai-d of county commissioners, as 
their names are used in various official docum^-nls although there 
is no formal record by v.dn'ch it may be known exactly when they 
came into civil being. 

The order for the organization of Cue township is dated 
January 1, 1855, and signed by Judge John S. Forsyth, the county 
judge having Jissumed, according to the state law of 1851, all the 
functions formerly enjoyed h3' the commissioners' court. 


The creation of Cue township, in 1855, divided the county 
into ten townships., and by 1860 the number had been increased 
(as nowj to twenty. Cue tov^nsliip was changed to Florence in 

Jackson, Eden, Bruce, Big Grove and LeKoy townships ^^•ere 
all oi'gnuized in 185G. 

Otlier details connected \vith the townships of the county 
will be found botli in the pio^ieer and political chapters of this 
work. The special purpose of this article is to present numerous 
strong characters who have been ciiiefly identified with the early 
settlement, development and civil government of the count.y, out- 
side of its larger centers of population. Some are deceased; some 
are still living on the old homesteads which they founded years 
ago and which are so dear to them and their children's children; 
arid still others have retired t" villaires and cities in the neighbor- 
hood of their old-time labors anil successes. The skctclips of thf-se 
wortliy an.d interesting buUdei-s of the county are arranged accord- 
ing to townships, anil generally in alphabetical order. 

A SKTTI.KK OF 1815. ' .' \ ►^ '■ 

It will be remembered that Benton City was one of the very 
first towns in the county to be platted (185G), and also that it now 
exists but in name. Some of the earliest settlers in the county 
located in Benton township, at or near the city by that name. 
Among these was ikal Dorsey, a Kentucky farmer and stock- 


raiser, who took laud in so<t!0]i 31 daring the fall of 1845. He 
proved liis worth both as a fainiet- jtiul a politician. In the late 
seventies lie war tlie owner of a tline liundred-and-fifty acre farm 
valued at ten tliousand dollars wliifli, in tliosc day.s, would have 
fixed a man's standiii,<^' among tiie i»rnsj)er<»us, n^t to sa\- wealthy 

Wiien Mr. Dorsey eame to Bcntown township in ]S45, there 
was not a house at Vinton; in fact, the site of that city was not 
surveyed until the following year. x\i that time there were also but 
four familie.^ in the neighborhood ^^here he settled — a yoimg man 
of twenty-two, possessed of about one hundred dollars in cash, 
a team of horses, an old dray, one plovv, t^^o cows and five hogs, 
Mr. Dorsey was, of eourst;, at the first election in h<:uU>n townsliip, 
held at John Pougue's cabin, as in order to liold an election of 
any kind it seemed ab.solulely neces.sary for every ambitions voter 
to be presejit: otherwise the ofiices to be filled might exceed the 
voting strength of the county. . ,^ .... 


John Parker, an Irish farr-ier who settled on section 36, 
Benton townsliip, in the fall of 1849, became a large land o\nier 
in this part of Benton county, and was for nu)ny years president 
of the Farmer's Exchange Bank of ►'^helisburg. When he first 
eame thither ]\Ir. Pai'ker v;orked for a man Isy the nnme of Tliomas 
P. Johnson, for twelve dollars a month. He returned to his hoine 
in Ohio in the spring of 1851, but after a year located permanently 
in Bentun townsliip, took up land and became the owner of various 
tracts which aggregated over six hundj-ed acres. 

It is said that when Mr. Parker first came to P>enton township 
he could have piirehased Parker's Grove, six hiuulred acres, for 
seven hundred dollars, jn the late seventies, some of the timber- 
laud in that locality, which was then considered the least valu- 
able, sold for fifty dollars an acre. ^Ir. Parker was not only very 
successful as a man of the \vorld, but did much for the cause of 
religion, especially f(tr the advancement of his church, the Presby- 
terian. It was largely through him that Rev. Dr. Wood from Iowa 
City was indu' fd to come to Vinton to preach, in the old eourt 
house, the frst sermon ever dcli\ered at the count\- seat. 



Other 18-iO pioneci's of Benton township, \,-orthy of mention, 
are James liice and Ebcnezer Berry, who both located their liome- 
steads on section 12. Mr. Rice, although a Virgiuian, hailed from 
Tennessee, havinj? lived in lliat st'ite fonrteen years previous to 
his location in tlie township. >April 18, 1849. He bought a claim 
from Jesse }jrody. One of his great hardships, in common with 
those endured by all of the early farmers, was tiie fact that the 
markets for his farming produce were so distant. Mr. Kice carted 
Ills first crop of wheat to Muscatine, Iowa, where he sold it for 
fifty-seven cents a bushel. These .ioiirneys were so long and tedious 
that those who lived an\'v,-here near each other would often arrange 
to take thon in company. At one time 2^1 r. Kice and his com- 
panions, F. Bryson and A. Johnson, were absent from home for 
two weeks. That I\Ir. Ri'-e was highly thought of is evident b.v 
the fact that he was honored with not a few political offices. In 
1851 he was elected county conunissiouer ; represented his town 
in the board of supervisoi's for eight years; held the office of 
justice of the })eace for twenty years, and served in otlier local 
offices. He was married tliree times and two of his sons were 
killed in the Civil war, n;irapl>', Nathan Rice, captain of Company 
C. Ninth lovi-a Volunteer Infantry, who was fatally shot at the 
battle of Pea Ridge, and Fielding Rice, of Company A, Twenty- 
eighth lov.-a Volunteer Infantry, who wa.y Icilled at the battle of 
Cedar Creek. 

Ebenezer Berry, who became a resident of Benton township 
in October, ]819, lived in the .state of Vermont thirty-nine years 
before he came to Iowa to locate on section 12, even a poorer man 
than his neighbor, Jame Rii-e. That lie inu-A have been voy poor 
is plain, for the iirst wagon he ever possessed he made himself, 
it being a rude ox cart in which iron was not used in any form. 
After lie had mndc this rndc conveyance, he was obliged to sell 
his wheat at fift.v cents a bushel and his dressed pork at two cents 
a pound, and .spent two or tiirce days in g^'ing to the mill to have 
-his grain ground. But in sjtite of this, and numerous otiier draw- 
backs, he prospered. 

SETTLEKS OF 1852. i ■ i^- 't' ^ ■ •■ : 

The settlers of Benton to\msliij) who came in 1852 included 
Daniel Elson, who located on section 36; John C. Dine, whose 


fanii was in seotiou 12, and J. 11. Stephens, who took up land 
for a honieslcad in section 31. All of tl}ese prospered and became 
local office holders and highly respected citizen.s. Mr. Dinr' served 
for eighteen months as a private in Company A, Twt-nty-eighth 
low;! \'o!!uitecr Infantry, and was .severely wounded at the battlt; 
of Port Ci'ibson. One of .^^r. Stcplieji's brothers, wlio saw service., 
in this rroiincnt in the southwL'Sl aiul dnring the AVilderuess 
campaign in Virginia, received a shot thi-ough the hip which caused 
his death. 


Josepli Giirrihe', a young Pennsylvania farmer who located 
on section 31. Benton township, in 1853, when twenty yeare of 
age, brougiit into Benton county twt'-jity-seven head of horses, 
the ever introduced here for tlie purpose of being fed and 
raised. During his many years of residence in thr-t part of the 
county, ilr. Garrihtr made a specialty of raising horses and dealing 
in them, being considered the pioneer stock man in that line. The 
second year of his residence in Benton township he also wont to 
Missoui'i and brougiit with him the first steers which were ever fed 


Jjig Grove tov.Jisliip, knov.n by tlie sa)"veyoj-s as town 84. 
range 11 west, was organized in 1850 l>y order of the eounty court. 
Its tlrst trustees were Eiias Doan. John Jiuffeoi-n and George 
Bergen ; and ffames Slrultz and H. S. Bailey were the first ju^5liees 
of tlie jM'ace. James F. and liobtnt Young were the first settlers 
of iln' township, locating in 184:i. They aftci'ward moved to 
\'inlo3i, aiid theii" sketehes appear in connection with the history 
of tlie ci)U)it\' seat. 


Previous to 1849 various squatters had temporarily stationed 
themselves in the townshiji. and one Adams had built a loe cabin 
on section 10. whieh horsc-tliieves ;ind their co-workers who were 
foraging westward, found a eonvenient station. 

Mr. Doan, one of the fust trustees, settled in 1850, as did 


Deimis Kennedy and John T'. Cliinn. Mr. Kennedy settled on 
the east part of section 4. and Avhcn lie located there were about 
forty Indians in the \ieinity. His dusky neij^dibors were accused 
of eoniniittiiii: soine depredations on the scattered settlers, but ^Ir. 
Kennedy ahvays ijisisted that tlie thieving: was generally done by 
"white scalawaL's. who wanted to shield themselves h\ laying it 
off on to the Indians." 

lu 1854 the settlers moved the old log cabin of Adains, which 
had harbored so many "sr-alawags. " to anotlici- part of section 
10, and fitted it up for a school house, in which ^Miss [Margaret 
Connolly (afterwards ^.Ii-s. Jonas Wood, of Traer) taught the fii-st 
class in the township duiing the summer of that year (1854). 

The first sermon was preached iu the house of J. F. Young by 
Kev. William Jones, a Presbyterian clergyman, in 1850. 


As stated, among the settlers in Big Grove township of 1850 
were John P. Chinn, v.dio located on section 11, O!) June 19th, and 
Elias Doan, also a farmer and stock-raiser, who estal)]ished his 
homestead on secti(ra 12. TIicsl- two were long tiie oldest living 
settlers in the township. When ]\lr. Doan arrived on the 24th of 
Junts he came direct from his nraive county of Washington, 
Indiana. He made the journey by team and was three weeks on 
the trip. At that time Taylor township extended to the lovva river, 
and he was instrumental in dividing it and helping to organize 
the town of Big Grove. One of the stories whieli 'Mr. Doan told 
illustrating tho thin setth-ment of the country in 1850 was that in 
making his trip to Cedar Kapids for family provisions he was 
able to make the joaniey witliout striking a fence. Both ^^Ir. Chinn 
and ^Ir. l^oan, although poor men wh«'n they ca)ne to Big Grove 
township, became large landowners and prosperous in every A-ray. 
.'^ ■ ■ i ; t ,' . 

Alexander H. lianna, an Oliio farmer, entered land in Big 
Grove township d\;rine SeptemV>er. 1850. at one dollar and a 
(juarter per acre, but did not bring Ins family to occupy it until 
March, 1857. For about twtuty years previous to his death in 
1!)0:3, he had i)assr-d a retired life a1 Vinton, but died at the liome 


of his son, Joliu "\V., on tlic old lioniostead in IMg Grove to\\Tiship. 
Another son, William II. ITanjia, nlsu a fanner, has served in the 
State legislature. 


]. W. ]>o\v('n ni;iy be mentioned as one of the earliest pioneers 
of Big Grove township, as he settled in seetion 14 during the. fall 
of 1852. A1thou<,di a Virginian. In: was brought l)y his parents to 
Columbus. Ohiii, when he was biit four years of age. and lived in 
that city until iSi'S, moving llien to a farm near ludianapoiis, 
Indiiiua. upon wliii-h he resi(hd until he eame to Benton county, 
lie vwis OIK' of I he voters at tin- first election held in Big Grove 
township, and took ])art in its organization. At that time there were 
not to exceed five buildings on the present site of Vinton. 


None of the pioneers of Big Grove township devoted them- 
selves moi-e faithfully or el^'e'-tively to the building up of its 
schools and ehiu'chis than A. V. Vannice. v,-ho came to this sction 
of the county iti ISo^, and commeni-ed life as a farmer and stock- 
raiser, lie was a Kentnckian who migrated to Iowa from Indiana. 
Jle was a votfu- at the lirst tovMiship election and helped to organize 
the fu'st school district, being secretary of the board whieli levied 
and collected the first tov.nship taxes. Mr. Vannice donated the 
land for the first school house v.hicli was built in district number 
1. ami also gave s"vei-al tracts of land for the Presb.Nterian 
cemetei'y, chu!<'h and pai'sonage. 


In 1854 Mr. arjd }»irs. John Auld, with tlu-ir son. George W.. 
and other memliei-s of the family, travehnl from Pennsylvania to 
Washington county, Iowa, ami in 185G settled on the west quai-ter 
of the land which is still the jji-operty of the heirs of George W. 
Auld. Arthur d. Auld. who was born on the farm in Big Grove 
township, is part owner of the old lunncstead, and prominent amon.g 
the vounger iieneration of citizens. 



TYPICAL RE.Mr-n['(;orT. 

Goor'^Q L. Palmer. r> son of Yorl; stale. whf)-e ho \\ns well 
cdncatetl and tan.frht scIiom]. has beeji a farnun- in Bi^,' Grove town- 
ship since 1855. In the fall of that year he brou.irlit his wife to 
their nev/ cabin lionie. whi'-h he dc'-.-ribps as a "scfiii-dni^ont; 
four feet of whicii was nnderfri-ound ; three loizs liicrli on the ends 

i •-'■ - ii 




~--^- vv. 



\-'^ '.I - 

_ • - Vs. w ■ ■ li; •.i-'iTI. 1 r . ijf.' ' ' 

GEORGE L. palmer's "'''SEMI-orGOUT. ''' 

aiid back side and l^oarded in front; with a slied roof, ten by 
fourteen feet. It was one of the fir^t homes on the praiiae, boarded 
up inside, and floored. '' ]Mr. Palmer's hr>use is so typical of 
pioneer life that it is substantially repi-odneed as an ilhistratiou. 


Peter Sliiitts, who tiied in PKio. at lli-' home of his dauirhter, 
-Mrs. LaPue. in Big (tJ-ovc township, at the ac;e of ninety-three, 
came to tliat section of P>enton county from his home in New York 
dui'iug thi' year lSr)S. His son. Louis J]., lias lived in the town- 
ship sime he was a boy of ten, beine: an old soldiei- and a sureessfid 
farmer, as was his father before him. 



A inuiiber of well known iiud {iro}iiineiit eiti'^ciis settled in 
Brace township in the early fifties. George Buehan canic- in lS-54 
and setllcd on section 10, where he engiiged in farniir>£r for manv 
years. Up ^\■as a lypical .ScotehnKin. 

In 1855 came Williani Boyd, who settled ou section 32, and 
0. B. I] ay ward, quarter-section farm was located on sec- 
tion 19. ]\rr. Boyd was lona: a.dmitted to be the oldest settler 
in his nciirhborhood. Mr. lliiyward not only eondiicted his fanri 
With profit, but became quite prominent in the pnbiic affairs of 
Bruce township. He was highly re.spected by all his ndghbors and 
associates, especially as he had Ijecome quite broken in health on 
account of his faitliful .service in the Civil war. 

Another old soldier and farnicr was A. C- Somers. who in 1S56. 
came to Bruce township and settled on section 11. 


Geoj-ge Treauor v^as a large land ov.ner in section 20, who 
came from Xew York state to Brnce tov/rjship in June. 1S57. He 
was thr fir5:t county supervisor to be elected from the township and 
held numerous other pubJic offices. , ,, , ,, 

SETTLERS 01'^ 1858. 

When ^r. ]^. Van Deusen located in Bruce township, moving 
hence fro)n ^Medina county. Ohio, in 1S5S, he was twenty-tv/o years 
(»P age. He was u young man entirely dependent upon his o'^ti 
resources foi' advaneement, and the iirst year of his rft^idence in 
Benton county worked for other farmers at twelve dollars a 
mont)). Witliin the succeeding fifteen yearh he applied himself 
with such sucecss in all matters which came to him tliat he becam-:- 
owner of between four and tive hundred acres of valuable land, 
and also attained .stamling as a public official, holding such olSees 
as justice of ihe jieace, siicritl" and school director for many years. 

.-\notlier settler of 185.S. who located on section 11, and who 
had nuicli the same record as .Mr. Van l^eusen, was James W. Van 

Moses V/. Rice also located in Br\ice towiiship. on section 15. 
in the s;.nie year (1S5S). He served for three years in the Thir- 


U-ciitli Iowa \'olun1eei- Inf.mtry, and aflei-uai-d held many town- 
ship ofiK-c's. bet--oniincr, like ]\ Van Deusen and Van Duyu, a 
largo and prosperous farmer ami hnid-owner. 


^Irs. ^lary Kenyon. wlio. with iier husband, eame to Benton 
county in 1840. was one of the xery first women to brave the 
hardsliips and dangers of this section of Iowa. She was born in 
Bucks county. Pennsylvania. M;iy o, ISOS, and when she reached 
the vicinity of Shellsbnrg was engaged by Joseph Strawn to keep 
house for him in the log cabin which he had just erected. For 
months iiftci- licr arrival .Mrs. Kcnyun lived in this wilderness 
without seeing a face of a wiiite woinati ; but the "red faces" often 
eame to her shanty and sat down at the table with the family, 
consistini^- of IMr. Sti'awn. lierself ;ind husband. Mr. l^enrose, (Mrs. 
Kenyon 's first hnslinnd; went to Cidifornia in 1848. and died on the 
coast in lSy>(K /iftei'Wfiid the v.i<u>\\ married a ?»fr. Kenyon. 
WiHiam Perirose, a .son by tlie lirst marriage. v."iis tlie tlrst male 
child born this .side of Cedar R.ipids. He enlisted in ihe Eighth 
lov/a Infantr\' and was killed at the battle of Sldloh. 

Mrs. Kenyon 's fund of jinecdotes was large, and the old .set- 
tlers tluu-onghly enjoyed her sto:'i(\s of tlie first days she spent in 
the wilderness of Canton township, ^\'heu ^Ir. and ^Irs. Penrose 
first cam.e to the country they were ^■ery poor, their chief wealth 
consisting of one cow. Otherwise th(^ir source of sustenance for 
the wi7]ter con.sisted of a small (juiiJitity of buckwheat, which was 
ground in a cofl'ec mill. At t>ne time the family wei'e in siieh 
straits lliat ^Ir. Penrose wa.s obliued to pawn nearly all of his 
clothing to get i)rovisions. and even after making this sacrifieo 
was obliged to go to the .Alis.sissippi i-iver for his supplies. 

si'spifiors iNoiA.x .\cri()xs. ■- . 

It is rehited that one niiiht a party of eiglit Indians entered 
the log hut and uei'c alloweil to sjecj-t on the floor. As the nit;ht 
pi'Ogressed one after the oliiei- v/cadd leave the room for out-of- 
doors, which caused Mr. and Mrs. Penrose nuu-h au.xiety, as tiiey 
feared some trouble and |ios.-;ibl\- a massacre. Investigation 
proved that nothiui; more seriou.s \sas comteni7)lated by the 
Vol. 1.— 2G 


savajj^C'S tlian recourse to a jup; of Vv-his]\y whieh stood outsiele of 
the doo'.', and which they wished to h^jve all to thenisclvos. 


Of the real pioneers eonnectt-d with tlie history of Benton 
county mention nuist here be nsade of AYilliani K. \Yhite, wlio 
migrated from Carroll county. Oliio, in the fall of lSi9, and 
settled on section 10. not far from ShellsLurg. There he entered 
two hundred a(-res c-f land, wliioh he transformed into a good 
homestead. When ^^Jr. AYbite attended his election there 
^vere only three voting precinets in Jieriton county, that in which 
Canton township was located polling only nine votes. 


In 1850 ^Ir. and ^.Irs. David Kite, the parents of John YT. Ilite. 
the Bentou county auctioneer, traveled overland from Pennsyl- 
vania to the frontier state of Jowa. and ^vhen they reached their 
destination found only three houses on the present site of Yiiitou. 
Settling o}] a iarm seven miles southeast of the county seat (on 
what is now knov.n as the Fry jilace) th<-y prospered and also 
became acknowledged ;;s among the stnuchcst friends of the United 
Brethei-n church i)} t)ie pioneer period of its struggles for re- 
cognition in the couuiy. David llite died in 1868 and his widow 
in ISC;!. 


In November, 1852. James L. i^Jelleek located on secti(»n 3*3. 
and was the first settler in the .southe; corner of C;".nton township. 
He came from New York city as a young man of t^veJ)ty-four years, 
and during the succeeding quarter of a century increased his 
possessions fron.i nothing to pru[ierty valued at twenty thousand 
dollars. He often said that when he came to this part of tlie 
county he eoukl i-ide fifteen miles, west and south, without seeing 
even a log house. , - , , 


When Nelson B. Case took up land in section 9, Canton town- 
ship, nut far from Shellsburg, there were only two log cabins within 


siuiit of his lionicslcai!. oiit- of whidi i't.pi-es('ntt'(l tlu' future village. 
AVitliin fdui- \<'ars of the tiin-' h< K-^-alt'tl hen:', liowevcr, nifiny 
st'ttliTs jin-ivi'd i\Ui\ lu'iirly all the l'o\ ci iJiueiit lanu was takeu iip. 
"Slv. Case was a Pcnnsylvaniaii. lioi-u in ^Vashinfrton rounty. and 
althouirh lie caiiic to Iv.miIou coutilx iu 1850. hr rfinaincd hut a 
shoi-f tiuii.' (.luring: tli it u-ar. and tliil not roiisidti- himself a j)er- 
nianent resident until his i-t'tut'n in IS')!. Lilo.- all early settlei-s 
of character and ahility. he was aivcn his full share of loeal 


William Fry. of Canton tow!islii{>. has been a resident of 
Ikmton eoiuity since the spring of 1850. wlien. as a youth of seven- 
teen, he formed oiie of a lar<ie |iajty which migrated from Penn- 
sylvania to this jiart of Iowa. sir. Fry and his uncle, Josoi^li 
Onstott. first settled on a farm just west of Shellsburg-. and in 
1854 located on sectiou fj. ('anton townvliip. lie has lived in that 
locality most of the time siie-e. tlie exception being- the several 
years of his residence at ^'inton. .Sevei'al years agc) ^^Ir. Fry divid- 
ed liis farm amo]iir his s'jns and leiircd to pass the remainnig 
yeaix allotted t'l hijii on the old homi^stead. 

Tn years gone b_\- Mi'. Fry h;.s been ejigaged both in farming 
aiK.I carpenter work, in tlie latter being assueiated with .John A. 
Dilling. When he first selth-ft ncai- Shel!sl)ui'g there v»-as but one 
house vn tlie town site, and only t \v<:t cabins between there and 
Vinton ; so that lie has had the hoiKn- of ei-ectint;- not a few of the 
(irsi I'esidences and s1oi-cs in the eastern part of tlv county. 

.NOTED ijoirni't i.'iTKrsT. 

Profes.sor d(i>eph L. iiudd. who came to Canton township 
from Xew York in 1856. was a skilled and scientilie nurseryman 
and horticulturist, who attracted sui-h widespread attention that 
in the early seventies he was appointed to the chair of horticidture 
of the Iowa AL-ricultui-al College, lie stu'ved thus for twenty-two 
.\'ears. d.\'ing at Phoeni.x. Arizona. Fccember 22, 1005. at the ago 
of seventy. The last years of his life were spent mostly in travel, 
on account of ill health. 

...•.,. I. !a .'. . . 


^TK. AND .%rRS. WAI.KKR, 1856. 

]\Ir. and ]\rrs. C. X. ^Valkoi• niiprrated from Chautau«iiia 
county. New York, to Canton township, section 36, in 1S56. The 
iU)niestea(i was aftcrx'.'ard roinoA-ed to another porilon of the tov.-n- 
ship, wlicre tl'o widow resides, 'i'he ffrandcons operate altogetiier 
more tlian 1,200 acres of the estate left by C. N. Walker to his only 
child, Fred. 


Nelson B. Case, retired farmer, still resides on his quarter- 
section farm in Canton township, haYing lived thereon continuously 
since 1854. He secured his homestead by purchasing a laud Avar- 
raut of a Mexican war soldier for •$]25. Soon after his marriage 
he located in Canton to^vns])ip and commenced housekeeping in 
a one-room log house which he built after his arrival in the wilder- 
ness. TIjct'c tlieir children v.-or^' born, witli the exception of one. 
A son and a grandson now op^n\ate porlions of the oiiginal home- 
stead. Mr. Case's Avife died in 1872. 

.JOHX )iroiiART, 1855. 

John Tiichart. an aged, relirrd farmer of Benton tov.Tiship. 
came to that section of the county with his parents in 1855. being 
then twenty-two years of age. Tic returned to Ohio in 1858 and 
remained there ten yefirs but has been a permanent resident of 
Benton toAvnshi]) sim-e 18G8. He has two sons who live on the 
homestead and one who is a resident of Shellsburg. 

CEDAR tov; pioxi:krs. 

Hn'jh St. Clair v.-as a Pennsylvania farmer who came to 
Cedar township in 1S57 and his son Archibidd. v/lio was then nine 
years of age. operates the elevator at ]Mt. Auburn. With his bi-other. 
Hugh, the latter ha.s been successPully dealing in lumber and grain 
since the early eigh.ties, John M. and William ^l. St. Clair, other 
brothers, have also bct^n similarly- engaged. In fact, no family 
luis been more prominent in tlie business intercsis of r^It. Auburn 
than the St. Clair Brothers. : ■ . '.■•■.• •', • 

Since the late titties th-' Lormors have been large land owners 

lilSTOPiY OF l^KNl'ON COU^'TY 405 

aud }iro-[)i;'rons eitizt.ns of Ce' towiisliip, the family being 
establislicd in that s'.'rtion of Benton county l)y John AV., the father 
of Fj-aiilv-. Tlie older man a Xew Yorker, purehased a quarter- 
section of his brotiier in 1859. brouirht his family from Illinois, 
aJid hiler o'-cupii-il liis land a.s a lif)Hio^te;id. At his death in I'JOT 
lie owiied JJ5U acres of land, and his son >'rank, ^vho was an infant 
less than two years of age when the family settled in Benton county, 
luis prospered like his father. 


V. Bogle, the first settler of Eden to\\'nship. also bo]])ed to 
organize the to\Mi, and. in vicAv of h']^ position as tirst pioneer, 
had the honor of christening it. lie was a Mrginian A\ho came, 
with other membej-s of the family, to Washington eovinty, Indiana, 
\\'hen he was eight years of age. Ai eiglitee]i lie moved to Cedar 
county. Ii'wa, aud in the spring of 185:'. wlicn in his twenty -sixth 
year, located in section 1, of P^den townshij). For about a year 
he was the oidy resident in that st'ction of the i-oujity, there being 
at that time not a single house between his hut and the village oi 
Biairstowu. ' 


As an illustration of the bu.siness and family trials of the 
pioneer days, I\Ir. l>ogle relates that M'l\en lie first settled in Eden 
township he was obliged to luiul hi.-, whi-at to Iowa City, where he 
received llie ma)'ket }trice for it. from thii'ty to forty cents a 
buslid. I'pon one ocf.Ti.^ion. havir.g hauled his lo;id to this place, 
ho foiuul thid he could tiOt dispose of it at any pi-ice. and left it 
with a miiicr to be ground inii' iln,M-. He then rciuru'-d home, 
telling the miller that he would call again foi" ids money; but 
the next time he went to Iowa City he eoald find neither miller, 
mojicy nor iloiir. 


.). 15. Sa)iders. n farmer and slock-)-aiser who located on sec- 
tion 11. Eden township during l^o^. was the first postmaster to be 
appointed in the townsliip. At that time there were (udy three 
houses in \'intt>n. .Mr. Sa.nders eventvi.ill v moved from hi.s farm 


to the villa.!if of Yiuton. in orclcr to give his children a better 
edui-atioii than could he o]>taiiied in the distriet schools. His 
widow is now a resident of Vinton and his s(>n, John P>., who was 
boi"n in the township, is a ptospcrous stuck-fanner iu that section 
of the e(/iint\. 

SETTi,i:i;> OF 1853. 

Peter Knhn accompanied tli^' l^oggs faniilx' to Eden township 
fi-oni the state of Ohio, in lS5o. lie afterwaid married and hi.s 
.son, Hc7iry Kulm. who is a srd)s1antial fai-nier, stock-raiser and 
citizen of Eden township, was horn in Benton township. It is 
claimed that Peter Ivnhn built the third house iu Eden townsliip. 


]. X. C'hc-novv'eth came to lienton county fi-om Indiana in tlie 
fall of f^oo and located on section 2. He was one of the first and 
most succGssfid fruit raisers of the county and eventually had a 
beautiful ("'rchard of twenty-five hundred trees. He attended the 
tirst election held in Edeji Invn.^hij). at the Ioq- house of J. 'M. 
Inman. and dnriuir the many yeai's of his i-esidence in lliis part of 
the county held such respousihle oflices as supervisor and cr.umy 

THEY CAME IN' 1854. 

One of the first dozen settlers to come to Eden townsliip was 
\V. 0. Ells\\-orth. a Xew York farmer and .stock-raiser, v/ho 
nn'<_,n-atcd tliitiier fi'ojii ,Ste-vens county. Illinois. The yea;- of his 
lucaliou Iti sectiiiu 13 v».)s I8n-t. 

Robert X. Downs and Xathan Downs, brothers, came from 
Delawart' in the fall of 1854. Xathan was drowned in the Cedaa* 
T-iver. near Vinton, in the early sixties. Robert X. became a large 
land owner and a i)!-osperous farmer in p]den township. He be- 
came the father of eiirht children, two sons and one dau.uliter. all 
married. beiuLr well-to-do residents o? the towi^.ship. 

'■'■' JOTIN A. on. TING. 1855. 

John A. Dilline. a retii'cd farmer of Eden township, who 


came to Pn'Titou eoimty with his brother lleiiry, has lived on the 
farm which he now oecupies siuee sliorth' after his marriage in 
ISa.j. B'jth h.e antl his wife are anionir the oldest membei-s of the 
I'nited Breilioni elmrcii hi the county. 

OTiiKt; Sf;TTL::!iS O!' ruv. fii'JiLS. 

James F. Crawford, a settler of March, LS5G, was one of the 
fir.^t half a duzeii to make their homes in Eden township. lie came 
direct, from his native place, lakhart, Indiana. A\heu he was twenty- 
tv,o years of age, and in 1851 his father entered the land in sec- 
tion 12, whore he and his brollier long resided. ]\Ir. Crawford 
was at the fu>it election in tlie towjiship, cast his first vote fur Jolm 
C. Fremont, and afterward held all the ol'iices of the township, 
besides serving for many years as a director of the Eden Fire 
Insurance Company of Benton county. 

Frederick Lowe located in Eden towjisbip in 1857, and farmed 
there until his death in 1905. His widow is still living and his 
son. Prank Lowe, carries on the old fariu. 

David Bellcr another old setllev of the county who lived 
on a farm iu Eden townsliip from 1857 to 1899, spending the suc- 
ceeding seven years of his life as a resident of Vinton. His six 
sons were all boin in Benton county and four survive as substantial 
citizens of the west, M. B. Beller owning and operating a pait of 
the old hojuestead. 


The first settler in Ehiorado toAvu'Nliip is said to have been 
David Calkins, wlio, in 185-1, located oii section 2. ?»[i-. Calkins 
was also a lila.'-K'smith and a skillful 7n^'<■h•ll;ic in general, wlio had 
passed the years of his buyho'-'u and e.irly manhood in IMiciiigan. 
In 1852 he left that state to cross the plaijis to California, and for 
about fifteen months before returning east and settling in Iowa 
engaged in })lacksmithing. sawmilling and mining. After locating 
in Eldorado township, he farmed, foll(A\ed liis trade and lield 
varioas township ofiices. 

p:m.\>:i"el uaker, 1855. 

Emanuel Baker was also among the lirsl settlers of Eldorado 


township, localitiir cm section ^2 in iSon. [\p was a Penusylvanian 
wlio had lived one year in Illinois het'ore moving to Iowa, and al- 
though he was by trade a ca.rpenteT- and haililcn* abandoned that 
avoeation when he canie west, in favor oi the more i)rutitalile call- 
ing of a^riei'.itin'e. 

THESE CAME IN 1856. .. . I ■ 

In ISoC A. Gibbins. a harnessmakej- by trade, moved from 
Ohio lu seetiun 1, Eldorado township, whore he was a sueeessfui 
farmer for many yeai-s. In 185G also came Samuel and John II. 
McGranahan, father and son, and both mitivcs of coiuity Derry. 
Ireland. They settled on section 14, serving both township and 
eount>- in various political ca]iaeities. Tlie McGranahan family 
su])ported tlie l^resbyterian chureh with all the ardor of the ty\A- 
cal 8eoti-h-Irish. and the first sermon that was preached in Eldorado 
township was delivered in the t)arn of the elder Mr. McGrarjahan. 
i\v the Jiev. John iJeatty. 

Eldorado township also numbered amonfi her settlers of 1850. 
^Iv. and I\lr.s. Vrilliam Thompson, who drove through from Rich- 
land county. (Jhio. to Benton county, Iowa, and locatinl an eighty- 
acre farm of i-aw prairie land in section 30. He was industrious, 
but genej'uus. and died in prosperity artd hojjor, {massing away in 
1902 and surviving his wife more than thirty-six years. Ilis two 
sons. John and E. S.. are well known fai-mers of the townsliip. 


AVilliam A. Stewait is credited witii building the first house 
in l'"'rcnn)nl township. His locatioji in that section of the county 
dated from the early part of 1S54. He hel}>ed to organize both 
the townships of Florence and Fremont. Mr. Stewart's home.stead 
com})risetl,jihout foui- hnndi-ed acres of land m section 28. 

ADDITIOX.S IN 1854 AND 1855. 

The years 1854 and 1855 brought to Fremont township quite 
an intlu.K of new settlei-s. In 1854 George Fawcett located seven 
hundrc'l and si.xty acres of land in section 5. At that lime only 
tln-ee fandlie.s resided in the township. In 1854 David Johnson 
established his homestead of four inindred acres in section 14, 


and JainoJi M. Jtjn'^'S caine in Ihc fall of 1855 to tlie .saint.' section. 
^Ir. Johnson's f;irm was noted tin-oug)iont the county as Ixinu' a 
bountifully walrrt-d piece of land, and sntrgestions were often 
made that it could be made into a fine ti'ont farm. 

Charles (Donley, an En^dish iron worker, eame to Oneida 
county, Xew York, in 1852. and two years thereafter li>catfd witli 
his family on a small farm in P'lorcnee towu^ship. His so.n, Audrevr 
Conl^y, "DOW seventy-two years of age, is a leading farmer of th*.' 
same township. 

Jolin A. Houghton, who died on his himiestead in Florence 
township, January HI. 1904, in his seventy-second year, had lived 
in that locality since .1854. He was an intelligent and a good man. 
His widow survives him, and three of his childreii are living in 
Benton county and honoring their parents. 

In the spring of 1855 Joseph Humphrey sold his property in 
Pennsylvania and invested some of the proeeeds in 246 acres of 
land in Florcucf^ tov/nshij^ He fou'j'ht Ids way to eojiifort and 
an honorable standing, and died in ]S9}. The v^'idow, to whom 
etpial honor is a.Lso due. survived him until 1900. Th.eir son. Hugh 
Humphrey, has farmed continuously in Florem-e township since 
his honorable discharge from the Union Army, in the fall of 1S64. 
His record as a le.ading Republican dates from the year after the, and he has enjoyed long sej-vice as county supervisor, justice 
of tlie peace and mend)er of the .school board. 


Alexander Johnson was a prosperous Irish farmer v:ho pas.sed 
tlu' first few years of his American life in Ohi(,'. tuit was still a 
young man -wh-.'u lie located in Fremont tov.'nship in Ls55. From 
18G6 nntil his death in 1897 he farmed in Cantcai townshi[>. 
he died prosperous and respected. Hi.s son, David K.. operates 
a. j'urt of tlie faifiiiy estate. Iln^ wid'uv residing in ShclLslmrg. Mi's 
Johnson was a Kirkpatrick. her father David, v.ho died in 1874. 
being a middle-aged nutu v.-hen he moved from Ohio to Canton 
to\raship in l.>52. He had be.-7i a business man and a .school 
teacher, and contirivied to teach after he became a resident of Ben- 
Ion county with twelve hnn<lre;i ;icres of land. He also loaned out 
money; was an anient Whiir and Kepubli<-an. and ahogetlu-r a man 
wh<. had the faculty of acquiring a fortune, friends and a G^ood 
juime, at the same time. Mrs. John.son's mother died in 1870. 



In 183] Alexander IlarprT nunod with his parents from 
Pliihuli'lpiiia to th<^ statL' of Indiana, aiid in ISoG, wlieu twenty- 
eif4lit N'ear.s of age*, mov.i-d with his wife to J.Jarrison township. 
While he was away at iLe front, in the C'ivil War, his wift} no les-s 
iji-avo]\' eared for the li\e eiiildren. in 18G7, after liviug for a 
time at Vinton, the fanrlly occupied the farm, and both parents 
died npon it — the father in 18'J3, the raothe)- two year.^ befort.'. 
Of tiieir eiiildren, Alexaiider P. resides a1 Vinton; K. S. lives on 
tlie old homestead ; J. Edward is also a farmer of Harrison town- 
ship ; Charles S.. one of the solid agriculturists of this section, is 
a director of the Benton County Agricultural Society. 

Xchemiaii Vanskike attained pj-ominenee both as a pioneer 
farmer and public man of Benton county. He came fi'om Indiana 
in 185S and started life in this paii. of Iowa as the owner of a 
quarter section in Harrison to^•,■ns]lip. He cultivated and impro\ed 
liis farjn until 1884, wlien he moved to Vinton whore he died 
in 1893. Tdr. Van.skike served two terms as county supervisor, 
held numerous township ofOces and was one of the best known of 
tlic early-time Republicans. His son, Wm. N., who was born on 
the old farm in Harrison township, has repeated his father's fine 


Homer township, in the western pari of the county, was among 
the sections which were .settled at a compaiatively late date. In 
this town.->hij^ the early tii'lies was consideied a pioneer period. 
H. S. Harmon and John H. Kirtrhner, farmers \vho settled respec- 
tively on M'ctioris 1 and 23 sif that tov/n/.hip, were therefore 
pioneei.s. Tlie foi'mer among the early Methodists of this 
section of the coiuity and the latter, a German Luthor.m. They 
both were honored with local otlice, and stood hiizh in their 


Charle.^ Twogood, a XVw York fanner who came from Michi- 
gan to Homer townsiiip in 1856, is chiefly remembered for his 
earuestues?s as a Kepublican. He came to this locality in 1S56, the 


year \vh.'^)i that parts' wns fonncled. and worked for its success 
early and late, representing it in numerous township otTices. Al- 
thoug-b he made (piile a success of pcilitics, he docs not appear 
to have made great advancement as a farjner, althouLdi lie was 
fairly well-to-do. and v.<is the father oJ' a large and respectable 
family, various members of whii-h have made most creditable 
records for themselves in the county. 


In the spring of iS.'w Thomas Collins, a native of Ireland, 
twenty-two years of age. who had been employed in various lines 
of work in the south and west, settled on a forty-acre farm in 
Homer township. Before his death in 1592 he ovvued 560 acres 
and was looked up to as a successful and honest man. Martin J. 
Collins, his youngest son, is the well known business maji and 
banker of Garrison. , 


H. Guinn. long one of the large-st land owners in Benton 
county. v/lK.'se homestead Avas on section 3-1. Iowa township, moved 
to that locality in 1S4G, fi'om Greene county, Tennessee, lie entered 
the first claim recorded in Iowa township, and was one of the 
board of trustees appointed for the purpose of organizing it. At 
its organization he was elected one of the first board of trustees, 
which oftiee he held many years; was also county supervisor seven 
years, and held other township and scliool ofiices. 

.: ■ .JOHN scniLn, 1852. 

Andrew \V. Schild. a well kn-)wji faj-mcr livinu in section 16, 
Iowa townshi]). is the sen of Joh.n Scliild. who. in 1S52, v\'hen a 
youth of s'^venteen. came with his j)arents to that part of Benton 
county. Andrew W. is a native of the town.ship. 


John Holicrtson, a Scfttchnum. t-ame frcnii Kane i-ounty, Illi- 
nois, in the spring of 1854, and located on 240 acres in section 20, 
Jackson township, wliere he died June I, 1S84. Andi-ew Robertson, 


tlie sou. wli.o has since owned tlu- old liouiLstead. wiis a lad of fifteon 
when he and his father drove overland with ox teams from lUiuoi?: 
to Iowa. 

David Tilson located in section 12, .Jackson tov^nship, in LSoo 
and died at Vinton, where he liad I'ved retinnl for many years, in 
3900. Jli>; si'ii, Everett, owns the old farm upon whiili lie wa^ 
born in 1858. 

JAMES W. ATiJF.Y, 1850. 

James "\V. Athcy attained his ma.jority four years after coming 
to Iowa county, state of Iowa, and at that time (1850; purchased 
a small claim on AValnut creek, near Belle Plaiue, but .just over 
the line of Benton couid.v. In November, 1852, lie tool; possession 
of the 200 acres of land v.-hich his fatlier had entered for him in 
Lo]?oy township. His nearest neighlj0'>; v.erc then at Big Grove, 
seven nules north. .Mr. Atlie.v prospered and in 1904 turned over 
his lai-ge live-stoek business to his two sons, Jolm if. and lioy. The 
fathei- still lives on the old farm which has been his home for nearly 
sixt.v years. 


Ele;i7er AY. Stoekei* ^vas a New Ilaiupshire ni;ui of twent.\'-four 
when he found himself stranded in the lc;id inines of we.steni 
AViscoiisin. In the spring of 18-19 lie started overland for Cali- 
fornia, and fi^'C years afterward packed back to AVest Point (nov.- 
Kansas City) and thence to Kane township, Benton count.v. where 
in Sf'ptonibei-. 1854, he entered 480 acres of land. lie v/as thc-n 
thirty. ;ind the dire cxperienecs whi'-h lie shnred wilh W. 8. Sno.v 
before he seciU'ed a foothold in the nev,- country arc narrated in 
detail e"i>ewliere; and the true stor\' is vcoi-th reading aiid consideer- 
ing as an illustration of the iva! heroism demaiuled of the pioneer 
wiio makes, a success of himself and an asset of true value to the 
conmnmit.v in which h^' settles. In 3857 (as stated in Mi-. Stoeker's 
biograi>liy") he was eommissiuncd by .ludge Doiighss to organize 
and name the township, and the f.tct {!iat he was an enthusiast over 
tlie aeln'evements of the Arciir ex[tloi-(^r accounts for ''Kaue. '" 
.Ml'. Stockei' served four terms on the count.v board of supervisor's 
and filled many minor (jflices ; is one cf the pioneer ,^^asons of the 
count\' and. although in his ciehtv-seventh \'ear. "has it in him" 


to still furtluT extend liis loii<,' re'-ord oj' activity and usefulness. 
lie still owns an estate of ;3*iO aei-es in Kane and Union townships, 
and. nlthouLrli he has atteinjjted to relire to Rlairstown, finds eoim- 
try life more eonuenial and int'-ruls to pass his last vt-ars on the 
old homestead in Kane township. ^.\i. Stoeker was one of the 
first to ov'^Mui'/j- Masonic lod^res iii Pjelle Plaine. and cLs-ewhere h\ 
the township, and wns also aiiM>n'_r those wise pioueei-s wlio ••om- 
nieneed to phnit trees at an early date, thus forestalling', by several 
jrenerations. the foundiucr of "Arbor Day" in Nebraska and other 
so-called pi'airie states. 

'•'loxk tkei;'" f.vk.m. 

]t is said that when 11. V>\ Van Dike settled ou his farm in 
section IT). Kane township, that outside of his land there M-as not 
a sizable tree in tliis section of the county. As he himself boa-steU. 
of this treasure of the early days, his homestead became widely 
known as the "Lone Tree Far.Mi.'" This tree, wliicli ip.iite a 
curiosity, stood for in;.ny > ears ma]' .Mr. Van Dike's re-sidenee. 
As the years passed, however, orchards and g-roves were planted 
and flourished, so that he lost slandinir as the tree monopolist. Mr. 
Van Dike settled on his "Lone Tree Farm" in 1855, and event- 
ually became the owner of n'-arly lliree hundred and fifty acre.? 
of land in that vicinity. lie also held man.y local ofriees and was 
one of the first to assist in the t)rg;' nidation of the township schools. 

■•:• . - . ,, I 


Coiira.d Tatge. Oerman-born. came to Ameri.-ii with his young 
])ride in 1852. and three years afterward settled on an eighty-acre 
farm i)i LeKoy towTisliip. 'Jlirec decades afterward he retii-ed to 
Luxerne. compai.itively a wealth\' man. and died there in 1SS4. Or-e 
of his sojis. iknry W. is now a resident of Ke\ stone, while the 
second, Aii,e:usi F.. afln- manairincr the home farm for fifteen years 
after his father's, established himself at Luzerne as an ail- 
ronnd business man and ente^|»ri.^in.Lr citizen. 

KiiESA (•o.^■I.I:^ . 1850. 

One of the first settlers of Monjoe lownshi]> who located on 
section 12. in 1850, was Conic v. a farmer. r*ionoers of 1S54 


were Kimble l^ates. avIio located }\is land in seftion 14 and was nue 
of those who siq-iied a petition lor the organization of the town- 
ship; and Sanuiel !\Iiskimin. a f.-irnicr of seelion 15 who eaine 
dui'inj^ thi' same yeai'. sej-vini: his crinnty as snpervisor for tlu'ee 
yeai's and i-ondu'-lim.'- himself as h iicnei-ally nsi'fu! eitizen of the 


Keadrrs of the early histor\' of IVnton eounty mnember that 
the first setlh-ments were uiade irj the northeastern section, many 
of tiiem in tiie vicinity of the ])re.sent villag(> of Urhana, Polk 
townsliii). Amoiiy the si'ttlers of 18-10. not already mentioned were 
Ihiglx i3rody. wliu located on si'etioii 8. eoniintc from Richland 
eouJity, Ohio, aiid eventnal!\- iiec.-ominti- the owner of some six 
hnndred acres of fine land; and A. J. AVyekoff, an Illinois farmer 
and slock-raiser. who established a valuable homestead on section 
33. and was orie of tiie early supervisors of the county. 

run r.KVSoNs and kemintgtoxs. • 

r>oth the Hryson and the ]\eminirton families were among 
till* tirsi jijoneers to cojiie to Benton count\ . i^'iclding Bryson 
entej'ed land in Bolk to^\•nslnp as early as 1841 and later his son, 
Joseph, came and did likewise. The latter seems to have been 
rather a land s))eci;lMt(n- than a patii-nt farmer, and finally died in 
Kansas in ISiO."). lie had married a daughter of ^Joseph and ]\[ary 
Kemington. fai-mei's from Indiana who settled neai' Urbana in 
184-'. ^V. 0. Bryson, tiieir tliird sou and child, movi^l to Kansas 
witli his paieJits in 1873. but returned to Harrison township in 
Ibljy. and has siii<-e ]j\fd there. 


Tlie lloosici' f;nuily ol' dohnsons was founded in Bolk town- 
ship in the late foi'tics. Alexandci- t;d;ing uj) land in 1847 and 
Alliert in 1848. They are the grandfather and fathei- of James 
Johnson, who retired to Vinton in IDOl. after he had been engaged 
in farmin; in that part of the county I'or nearly forty }-e;!rs. The 
latter is an ohl soldier, an e.\-su{)ervis'M- and a good citizen. 



In ]8r)0 Elijah ^Yyckoff, a yoiniL'ti' l)n»tlier ol' A. J., already 
mentioned, loeated liis homestead on .-/■(•{ ion 4, l^lk township. Mr. 
AYyckoff took a deep interest in seliO'i! lu.iltcis aiid was for some 
years district treasurer. lie also did rnu.-h to further the cause of 
the Methodist eluireh in this part of the eonnty. 

In 1852 Polk township received among its new comers Abra- 
ham r.'-o\vn; who located on section 4. and James Ketterman. who 
took \ip land and founded his honc^ in section 1^8. 

Among the first German Catholic pioneers to settle in Benton 
eonnty was Ferdinand Smilh, a Pnissian. born in 1828. who 
emigraled to America in 1S52. and tln-ee years thereafter located 
on Section 14. where he became a well-to-do farmer and to some 
extent a local oftice holder. 

William J. Louy. the well known agriculturist of Harrison 
townslii}>, is the son of ^Yoodson P., a Keutuckian. who brought his 
family (Yvilliam J. was then foui- years old) to the farm which he 
located in Polk township in lS5o. He ihially sold his land and 
moved to Prbana. where both parents died — IMr. Long in 1907. 

A]>raham Brown migrated from Indiana to his forty acre 
farm iji Polk township during 1852. his son James, wdio now 
operates a farm of ]12 a.cres, being at that time five yciirs of age. 

Yirtor G. Spcncin'. the well known stock fai-mer of ]-^Dlk 
townshij). is occupying hind which his father. Charles H.. entered 
in the earl>- fifties. The latter was one of the many who tried 
Califoi-nia iJi 1852 and decided it A'-as best to retu.rn to the fertile 
fields of Benton county. He died in 1904 and liis wife survived 
him tliici- years. Yirt(n' G. is not only one of the niosi advaU'-ed 
farmeis in lienton county. hvA one of its most intelligent men — a 
good Avi-iter, a great reader and an exteiisive traveler. 


Isbaiid Xobh^ tMitei'cd a (juarlei- section of land in section 4. 
'J'aylor township, in 1850. conung for that purpose from Ontario. 
Canaila. He did not settle permanenlly thereon until 1852, having 
iu the meantime farmed in Minnesota and retnmed to Canada for 
ji wife. But once settled, he lived iii that section until his death in 
1900, when he left a large estate, an honored name, and a family 
whose mendjcrs liavc also earned high standing. 


The Kc.-inis family locjitcd in Taylor township. throuj,'h 
ArchihaUl Kcai-u.s. the father, in the year 1855. Hiraiii. \\. and 
Perry N., two of his son.s by a s(M;ond mai'riage, are well known 
farjuers in ]'• liion fo;nit\' — ihe former of Taylor townshij) and the 
latter of .Jarks<iii tnwn.ship. 


^lichael Kelly was one of those sturdy, industrious Iri.^lnneu 
who eontribnted so miicl) to the advancement of I>enton eunnty- in 
the early yeai's. In 1S54. tlie year after his emigration with his 
wife and farail.w he drove his o\ teams from Kane eoiinty. Illinois, 
to Union township. Benton county. There Mr. Kelly entered one 
hundred acres of iajid. pid up a tent in which his wife ^-ooked, 
sowed sod corn and potatoes, made his waj^'on into a bedroom, 
built a log rabiri soon, but did not occupy a frame house until 1S65. 
In I8'i4 this hardy coujiie wei-e able to retire to Van llovnc in 
more than coinforlMble Michael Kt-Ily. their fii-st 
born, lias provid a woj'tl'y ^;oM and (.-itizen, his interest and long 
service in s<'hool mattei"s having been especially conspicioiis. 


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