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Full text of "A history of the Bethune family ... : together with a sketch of the Faneuil family, with whom the Bethunes have become connected in America"



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A HISTORY 



Bethttne Family. 



Translated from the French of Andre du Chesne, with Additions 
from Family Records and other available sources. 

TOGETHEK WITH A SKETCH OF THE 

FANEUIL FAMILY, 



WITH WHOM* THE BETHUNES HAVE BECOME CONNECTED 
IN AMERICA. 



Br 

MRS. JOHN A. WEISSE. 



A HISTORY 



Bethunb Family. 



Translated from the French of Andri du Chesne, with Additions 
from Family Records and other available sources. 



TOGETHER WITH A SKETCH OF THE 



FANEUIL FAMILY, 



WITH WHOM THE BETHUNES HAVE BECOME CONNECTED 
IN AMERICA 



I'M !H? I - H - ••• 

* ■ ' ' , " " " 

_ B T 

MKg.-'JOHN 'A: WEISSE. 



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NEW YORK: 

TROW'S PRINTING AND BOOKBINDING CO., 

201-213 East Twelfth Street. 

1884. 






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HISTORY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 



The family name of Bethttne is taken from the city of 
that name in the ancient Province of Picardie, France. It 
was called by the Romans " Betunia in Gaul." It was the 
chief city of a barony belonging to a family descended from 
the Counts of Artois. Since the eleventh century they 
have been known in history as the Bethunes of Picardie ; 
prior to that date family names were unknown. 

In the year 1011, Robert, first of his name, Baron of 
Bethune and Lord of Richebourg, was chosen " Defender or 
Protector of the Church." This was deemed a very great 
honor, only conferred on powerful princes ; for it involved 
the duty of defending and protecting the church property 
and the interests of the church generally. 

The Advoue d' Areas, as it is written in the old French 
histories, enjoyed the high honor of having the banner of 
the church borne before him in all warlike expeditions. 
Hence Robert 1st of Bethune is called "Faisseus" to in- 
dicate that he enjoyed this distinction, and the band or fasse 
in the shield of the Bethune arms was to commemorate 
the conferring of this honor on him and his posterity. 

In return for the services the Barons of Bethune ren- 
dered the church, the church has preserved, in its archives, 
a minute and reliable history of the family ; so that we 
have before us an uninterrupted genealogy from father to 
son from 1011 to the present day, together with all the 
l 



2 HISTORY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 

births, deaths, and marriages, and an account of everything 
worthy of note connected with their history. A very large 
volume is the result of all this accumulation of incidents 
during eight centuries. The difficulty is to select the inter- 
esting items and pass by that which is less noteworthy. 

The most remarkable feature of their history is the num- 
ber of churches they have built ; the institutions ' for learn- 
ing they have founded, supported, and patronized ; the 
public charities they have started and kept alive by their 
bounty ; and the costly bridges, buildings, and the like they 
have given to the public. I have not space to give even a 
list of them. The beautiful Church of Notre Dame, in 
Paris, built by Godefroy 1 of Bethune, in the beginning of 
the twelfth century, is a fine specimen of munificence. 

The earliest traditions speak of the family, both men and 
women, as devoted to learning, and that even in the darkest 
of the dark ages. 

1 Some writers call liim Maurice of Bethune. But as the statue of Gode- 
froy of Bethune was standing near the westerly entrance of the Hotel 
de Ville, Paris, and the Parisians stated that he was the donor of the 
Church of Notre Dame, I incline to think it was Godefroy. The statue 
I saw in 1848 had a small round hat and chain armor. — J. L. Weitse. 



HISTORY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 



BAUDOUIN OF BETHUNE AND EICHAED 
CCEUK DE LEON. 



In the beginning of the twelfth century, when Philip 
Augustus of France and Richard of England went to the 
Holy Land, they were accompanied by Baudouin of Bethune, 
son of Robert 5th of Bethune. During the sojourn in the 
East, Baudouin appears to have attached himself particu- 
larly to King Richard, and they started on the return in 
company, and were taken prisoners together in Germany. 
Together they endured the detention, and together they 
escaped to England ; on their arrival, or shortly after, Bau- 
douin was married to an English lady, the Countess of Au- 
male, in Normandie, and of Holderness, in the Province of 
York, England. She was daughter of the Count of Aumale, 
who was son of William the Conqueror's half-sister, who 
had married a Count of Aumale ; this would make her cousin 
to King Richard. She had first married William Mande- 
ville, Count of Essex. He died, leaving her without chil- 
dren. 

The French historian writes : " Their marriage was con- 
tracted by command of Richard, King of England, ivho 
loved Baudouin of Bethune, and had his arms emblazoned 
by the author of the catalogue of the arms of the Kings, 
Dukes, Marquises, and Counts of England." (See du 
Chesne's history, p. 152.) 

The above events are related by Richard Camden, the 
English historian, and by Robert, Abbot du Mont, in his 
" Chronicles." 

The name of Baudouin of Bethune, Count of Aumale, 



4 HISTORY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 

is found in many state papers in the reign of Richard and 
of his brother John. From his marriage there were two 
children, a son, who died young, and a daughter married to 
William Marechal, Count of Pembroke, in England ; no issue. 

Another and less agreeable story is told of a lady of 
Bethune, young and beautiful, who was accused of witch- 
craft, because she produced some important papers that had 
been entrusted to her keeping, after they had been forcibly 
taken from her and destroyed. Probably she, seeing their 
importance, had made duplicates of them, but that was past 
belief, and the King of France burned her for a witch. 
Her relatives were so incensed that they applied to Edward 
of England for assistance. The young and chivalric mon- 
arch sent an English army to aid the Flemings in avenging 
her wrongs, and a war between France and England of 
several years' duration was the consecpience. This account 
is from Andrew's " History of England." 

A very important fact in the history of the Bethunes is 
that twice the whole fortune of the family has rested with 
an heiress, there being no son to succeed his father, and the 
possession going to a nephew of the last possessor. The effect 
has been that all but the small part of the possessions en- 
tailed on the male heir went with the heiress to another 
family, into which she married. This occurred first in 1248, 
when Robert 7th of Bethune died, and his eldest daughter, 
Matilda, married the Count of Flanders; and again in 1405, 
when by the death of Robert Bethune, Viscount of Meaux 
and Lord of Vendeuil, there were left two daughters, Jeanne 
and Jaqueline, the titles and a part of the estate went to 
the brother of Robert, namely, John of Bethune. But a 
great amount of property and many large estates passed with 
the two heiresses. The eldest, Jeanne, or Jeannette, married 
first Robert of Bar, Count of Marie, and after his death she 
married John of Luxembourg, Count of Liney and of Guise, 
a very high connection. 



HISTORY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 5 

Jaqueline of Bethune, the younger of these heiresses, 
married liaoul d'Ailly, Lord Varennes, who was son of 
Baudouin d'Ailly, Lord Pinqueny, Chamberlain to King 
Charles VI. She was married 1413. 

These females' taking the wealth of the family into other 
houses was a cause of the diminished fortunes of the French 
or elder branch of the family. Further, the grandfather of 
the Duke of Sully, John of Bethune, fourth of the name, 
Baron of Kosny, is said to have squandered everything 
that it was in his power to alienate, and in consequence his 
children, although noble and rich, yet possessed not the 
princely wealth that had distinguished the family before 
his day ; he was sometimes called John " Lack Land." 
His son Francis of Bethune, Baron of Itosny, inherited from 
his mother, Anne de Melun of Rosny, and married Charlotte 
Dauvet, daughter of the Baron du Pin, " Counsellor of the 
King." She became the mother of seven children. The 
eldest son, Louis of Bethune, was Baron of Rosny; the 
second was Maximilian, who became Duke of Sully, Peer 
and Marechal of France, Sovereign Prince of Henriche- 
mont and of Boisbelle, and sixteen other titles, which all 
descended to his posterity. 

We will relate an instance of the high alliances of the 
family : 

Jaqueline of Luxembourg was sister to Thibaut, Lord of 
Fiennes ; they were descended from Matilda Bethune, who, 
about the year 1250,' married the Count of Flanders. 
Matilda was the daughter and heiress of Eobert 6th of 
Bethune. 

Jaqueline of Luxembourg must have been a singularly 
fascinating person. She was first married to John, son of ^ 
Charles VI. of France ; after his death she married, in 1430, 
the great Duke of Bedford ; after his death she married 
Kichard, Lord Woodville. By her last marriage she became 



6 HISTORY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 

the mother of the beautiful Elizabeth Woodville, who when 
a widow won the affections of Edward IV. and became 
Queen of England. See " History of England." 

In speaking of the early history of the family I must not 
omit the part they played at the time of the Crusades. 
In 1191 Robert 3d of Bethune went with Robert, Count of 
Flanders, to the Holy Land. So also did Adam of Bethune, 
the son of Bobert 3d ; he was with the Count of Flanders at 
the taking of Jerusalem, and after Godefroy of Bouillon 
was made King. When Godefroy was distributing lands 
and territories among the most worthy of the Christian 
nobles that were with him, he bestowed the Barony of 
Bessan on Adam of Bethune. His descendants held it for 
centuries. A brother of Bobert 6th, named Con on of 
Bethune, was Lord of Adrianople, in Greece ; some writers 
call him King of Adrianople. His son, Conon, is mentioned 
in Andrew's history as Regent of the Empire in Constanti- 
nople, as follows : 

Fage 200. " Yoland (widow of the Constantino- 
politan Emperor Peter) dying, Conon of Bethune 
takes the Regency and settles a dangerous dispute 
between the Nobility and Clergy of the Imperial 
city." This event occurred about the year 1218. 



Genealogical Chart of tiie Main Branch of toe Bethune 
Family from 1011 to 1448. 



Number of the 
Generations. 



Year. 



1st. Robert the first, Lord of Bethune and of 1011 
Richebourg, who received the appointment to 
of "Advoue d'Arras," or Protector aiul 1036 
Defender of the CJmreh of Arras, left two 
sons: the eldest succeeded him ; the younger 
founded the family of the Lords of Carency. 



HISTORY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 



Number of the 
Generations. 



Year. 



2d. Robert 2d, etc., etc., etc., "was one of the 1038 

greatest nobles of that time." So writes to 

Baldric, author of "Chronicles" of that 1072 
date. His eldest son, 

3d. Robert 3d, etc., went to the Holy Land with 1075 
Godefroy de Bouillon ; so did also his two to 
younger sons, Adam and Conon of Be- 1101 
thune. Adam founded the family of the 
Lords of Bessan in Galilee. Conon became 
King of Adrianoplo and was father to 
Conon, Regent of the Empire in Constan- 
tinople ; the eldest son of the family was 

4th. Robert 4th, etc., surnamed "Le Gros." He 1106 
married Adelise, daughter of Robert of to 
Peronne, Lord of Warneston. Count 1128 
Charles of Flanders, in writing of him, says 
that " he is the most distinguished person 
of his court," etc. He was succeeded by 
his second son, 

5th. William 1st, etc., etc., Lord of Warneston, 1129 
who married Clemence d'Oisy, eldest to 
daughter of Simon, Lord ■©£ d'Oisy and 1144 
Crevecoeur. The tomb of this William of 
Bethune is in the Church of St. Bartholemy 
of Bethune, on the right and left of the 
great altar.' (See illustrations.) His eldest 
son. 



1 The monument stands half on one side and half on the other of the 
altar. 



8 



HISTORY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 



Number of the 
Generations. 

6th 



I 



V 



Year. 

1145 

to 
1191 



Eobeet 5th, called " Le-Boux," married Ade- 
lide, daughter to Hughes, Count of St. Pol. 
This Eobert went to the Holy Land with 
Philip, Count of Flanders. He returned in 
1177. He was father to Baudouin, Count 
of Aumale, the favorite of Richard Cceui- 
de Leon. 



' Eobert 6th died without children and was 
succeeded by his brother, 

7th. -J William 2d, etc., etc., who married Matilda, 1104 
Lady of Tenremonde, only daughter of Dan- to 
iel, Prince of Tenremonde ; she was a great 1214 
heiress. They had six children ; the eldest^ 

Daniel of Bethune, married Eustaeia, dangh- 1215 
ter of the Count of St. Pol. He possessed to 

the estates from 1215 to 1225, but having 1225 
no children was succeeded by his brother, 

Eobeet 7th, etc., etc., who married Isabclle 1226 
of Moreaume, daughter of Nicolas of to 
Conde. She died on [November 13, 1218, 1242 
and has a magnificent monument in the 
Church of Saint Vaast. They left an only 
daughter, Matilda, 1 who married the Count 
of Flanders and carried to him many great 
possessions. The succession passed to a 
nephew, 

1 From this Matilda, who in the thirteenth century married the Count of 
Flanders, was descended the Duchess of Bedford, who by her last marriage / 
with Richard, Lord Woodville, became the mother of a Queen of England, , 
wife to Edward IV. 



8th. hj 



HISTOKY OF TIIE BETHUNE FAMILY. 9 

Number of the 
Generations. Year. 

9 tli. William 3d, Lord of Molembeque. He mar- 1243 

ried a noble and rich lady, Elizabeth of to 

Pontrohart, heiress of the Lord Pontro- 1255 

hart. The writer, James Meier, in his 

" Annals and Chronicles," speaks of her as 

an " illustrious and magn ificent lady ; " says 

she was " the light and guide of all around 

her" of " unbounded benevolence" etc. 

10th. "William 4th, etc., etc., son of the above, 1255 
married Beatrice, Lady of Hebuterne. to 
Their son, 1279 

11th. William, Lord of Locres and of Hebuterne, 1294 
contracted an alliance of the highest order. to 
Jeanne, or Jeannette, Princess of France, 1340 
great-granddaughter of Louis VII., married 
Ferdinand, King of Castille and Leon ; by 
this marriage she became mother of Ferdi- 
nand of Castille and of Leonora of Castille, 
wife of Edward I. of England. After the 
death of King Ferdinand the widow mar- 
ried the Count, of Ponthieu, by whom she 
had one daughter, Jeannette of Keelle, 
married to William of Bethune, which 
brought the children of the latter in close 
consanguinity with all the reigning houses 
. of Europe. Their eldest son, 

12th. William Bethune, Lord of Locres, married 

Marie of Eoye, Lady of Vendeuil. Their 1348 
eldest son, Mathieu, died young, and the 
second son. 



10 



HISTORY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 



Number of the 
Generations. 

13th. John Bethune of Locres, Lord of Vendeuil 
aud of Liefontaine, married Jeannette do 
Coucj, who was descended in the male line 
from the Counts of Guines, and in the 
female line from the Kings of France. 
Their eldest son, Robert, left no son, and 
the succession fell to the second son, 



Year. 



13T3 



14th. John Bethttne of Locres, Lord of Autresche 
and of MareuiL, and eight other titles or 
Lordships, many acquired by inheritance 
from his sister, Marie of Bethune, Lady of 
Voudenay and of Baye, widow of Eustache, 
Lord Voudenay. lie, John, married Isabeau 
d'Estouteville, daughter to Robert, Lord 
d'Estouteville, and Margaret of Montmor- 
ency, descended from the royal family of 
France. They had three sons : 



1380 

to 
1415 



Anthony, who died unmarried, and was suc- 
ceeded by his brother, 

Robert, Lord of Baye and Marenil, etc., 
Counsellor and Chamberlain to King Charles 
VII. lie married Michelle d'Estouteville, 
15th. ■ and from them is descended (five genera- 
tions lower down) the Duke of Sully. Our 
interest now turns to the third son of John 
Bethune and Isabeau d'Estouteville, namely, 

Sir James Bethtjitb, who becomes Baron 
of Balfour, in Scotland. 



1416 

to 
1470 



1 (3S 



The continuation of the genealogy will be found further on. 



HISTOKY OF THE BETH LINE FAMILY. 11 



SIE JAMES BETHUNE 

IS CREATED BARON OF BALFOUE, SCOTLAND. 

Beginning of the Fifteenth Century. 



Extract from the Funeral Oration delivered by M. Pierre Victor Cayer, 
Doctor of the Theological Faculty of Paris, in the Church of St. John, 
the last day of April, 1603, on the occasion of the death of the Lord 
James Bethune, Ambassador from King James of England, Scotland, 
and Ireland, near his Majesty, Henry IV. of France, etc. The facts 
related, he says, " are derived from the papers and records of the 
deceased." 

" In the Kingdom of Scotland (1448), the question heing 
agitated as to the marriage of the King, James IT., Am- 
bassadors Extraordinary were sent to the illustrious Duke 
of Gneldres and Julliers to ask in marriage, in the name of 
the King, the Very Illustrious Princess Marie, his daughter, 
who was niece to Philip, Duke of Bourgongne and of 
Brabant, a very powerful Prince in those times. The Am- 
bassadors thus commissioned were the Very Hon. William, 
Chancellor of Scotland, the Right Rev. John, Bishop of 
Bonquel, and Sir Nicolas d'Autriburn, a very distinguished 
Knight. They went to Gneldres with a great retinue, and 
obtained, by the favor of the Very Christian King, Charles 
VII. of France, the Very Illustrious Princess Marie of Gnel- 
dres and of Julliers, and escorted her to the King, their 
master, to be married in Scotland, she being accompanied 
by the Very Rev. Bishop of Cambray and of Liege, together 
with the Very Illustrious Princes, the Prince of Vaire, the 
Prince of Bergue, and the Prince of Rauastain, and many 
great and valiant knights. Among them was one lord, 



12 HISTORY OF THE BETIIUNE FAMILY. 

distinguished above all the others, of the ancient race and 
house of Bethune of Flandres." 

The person here referred to was James of Bethune, third 
son of John of Bethune, Lord Mareuil, and Isabeau d'Es- 
touteville, and brother to Robert of Bethune, Chamberlain 
to Charles VII. The orator further states : 

" Having come into Scotland with this party, and being 
a gentleman of quality, he entered at once into the good 
graces of the King, who, wishing to retain him near his 
person, prayed him to remain in Scotland, and gave him in 
marriage the only daughter and heiress of the house of 
Balfour ; this house of Balfour being one of the first in 
Scotland in favor and authority near the King. The title 
was Baron of Balfour. At that day, as in ancient times in 
France, it was the highest title. Since then their titles have 
been augmented to Counts, Marquises, and Dukes, and they 
have held offices and maintained their dignities, hereditary 
and successive, to the present day." 

On the occasion of this marriage of James Bethune and 
the heiress of Balfour, the arms of Bethune were quartered 
with those of Balfour, producing the device shown in the 
illustration, which has since distinguished that branch of the 
family from all others of the same name. The crest of the 
original Bethune arms was a peacock's head and wings ; that 
of the Bethunes, Barons of Balfour, an otter's head. 



Genealogical Chart, continued from 144S to 18G6. 

Number of tlio 
Generations. 

15th. James Betiiune, third son of John Bethune, 

Lord of Baye and Mareuil, married the 

heiress of Balfour. King James conferred 

on him the title of Baron of Balfour. Their 

eldest son, 



HISTORY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 13 

Number of the 
Generations. 

16th. John Bethune, Baron of Balfour, married 

Katharine Sterling, daughter of Lord Keir. 

Their son, 

17th. John, married Margaret Boiswald. Their ^ 
son, 

18th. John Bethune, married Elizabeth Money- 
penny, daughter to the Lord Moneypenny 
of Kinkell ; they had seven sons and five 
daughters. The eldest son, 

19th. John Bethune, married Christiana Stewart, 
daughter to Lord Rosyth. Their eldest son, 



20th. John Bethune, married Agnes Anstruther, 
daughter to Lord Anstruther. Their eldest 
son, 



John Bethune, married Elizabeth Pitcairn, 
daughter of Lord Forthor. They had no 
children, and the estate passed to his 
brother, 



21st. - 



Robert Bethune, who married Agnes Trail, 
daughter to Lord Blebo ; they had four 
sons and five daughters. Their eldest son, 



22d. David Bethune, married Margaret "Wardlaw, 
daughter to Lord Torrie ; they had five 
sons, the second of whom was Robert. 
His great-grandson David comes into the 
estate (1719) at the death of the last male 
issue of the eldest son John, as will be seen 



14 HISTORY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 

Number of the 
Generations. 



Year. 



hereafter. They had also three daughters. 
Their eldest son, 

23d. John Bethune, married Katharine Haliberton, 
daughter to Lord Piteur ; they had six sons 
and two daughters. The eldest son, 

24th. James Bethune, married Anna Moncrieff, 
daughter of Sir John Moncrieff and the 
eldest daughter of David Bethune, sixth 
Lord of Criech. Their son, 

25th. David Bethune, married Rachel Hope, daugh- 
ter of Sir James Hope of Hopetown ; they 
had two sons and five daughters ; the sec- 
ond, Anne, married David Bethune, who 
succeeded to the estate in 1719. The eldest 
son of Rachel Hope was 

26th. James Bethune. He married Anna Hamilton, 
daughter of General George Hamilton ; 
they had no children. This James Be- 1719 
thune of Balfour died at Rheims, October 
8, 1719. By his death the male issue of 
John Bethune and Katharine Haliberton 
was extinct, and the succession came to the 
heirs of the second son of David Bethune 
and Margaret Wardlaw, as follows : 

22d. Robert Bethune, second son of David 1630 

Bethune and Margaret Wardlaw, married 
Marion Insrlis, daughter of Thomas Inglis 
of Atherney. lie had two sons only, who 
were married, namely, David and William. 



IIISTOEY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 15 

Number of the _. 

Generations. * ear - 

23d. William, the younger brother, was an ad- 
vocate in Craigfurdie. His son George Be- 
thune came to Boston, Mass., and married 

24th. Miss Carey ; their son George married 

25th. Mary Faneuil. 

23d. David Bethune, the eldest son of Marion 

Inglis, married Anna Wardlaw ; they had 
two sons only that lived to be men, namely, 
David and Henry. 

24th. David Bethote, son of Anna Wardlaw, suc- 
ceeded to the estate at the death of James 1719 
Bethune, who died at Rheims, 1719. He 
married Anna Bethune, daughter of David 
Bethune of Balfour and Rachel Hope ; they 
had two daughters, but no son, and the suc- 
cession game to his younger brother, 

24th. Henry Bethune, who married Isabel Max- 
well ; they had an only daughter, but no about 
son; so that the succession came to George 1730 
Bethune of Boston. 

24th. Henry Bethune, unknown to his cousin 

and heir, George Bethune, petitioned the 
English Parliament to have the entail on 
the male heir set aside in favor of his 
daughter, her husband, Mr. Colgerton, tak- 

25th. ing the name of Colgerton Bethune. This 

petition was granted in favor of Mrs. Col- 1740 
gerton and her heirs male, but no further, 
so that her heirs failing, the heirs male of 



16 HISTORY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 

Number of the 
Generations. 



Year. 



George Bethune will come into the estate. 
It is worth more than $100,000 per ammm. 

26th. Colgeeton Bethune of Balfour, hy special 1754 
act of the firitish Parliament, and to the 
exclusion of the heir male, George Be- 
thune of Boston, Mass. 

Further of the family of Colgerton Bethune is not known. 
For the descendants of George Bethune of Boston, see "Bethunes in 
America." 

We have now given twenty-six generations of Bethunes, 
from Eobert, first of the name (1011), to that George Be- 
thune of Boston, Mass., who married Mary Amory. The 
record extends over more than eight hundred and forty 
years, which gives about thirty-two years to a generation. 
If we count back from Robert 1st, with whom we began, all 
is clear : he was great-grandson to Edward, Count of Ar- 
tois, who (a.d. 870) married Gisela,' Princess of France, 
sister of Charles the Bald and granddaughter of Charle- 
magne. From the Counts of Artois and the Kings of 
France we can go back into the mists of tradition. Not 
one link is wanting to the present day, and their history is 
intertwined everywhere with the ruling families of the 
civilized world. 

' About 1135 the King of France confirmed to William of Bethune the 
right to wear in his coat-of-arms the fleurs-de-lis of Frauce, on account of 
his descent from Gisela, sister to Charles the Bald. See a full account 
of the ceremony of conferring this honor in Du Chesne's history. 



In 1754 Henry Bethune (who had married a Maxwell) 
sent to his cousin, George Bethnne of Boston (married to 
Mary Faneuil), a manuscript pm-porting to contain a gen- 
ealogy and historic sketch of the Bethunes in Scotland. 
From that paper the following chapter is mainly composed. 
It has been compared with the French account, from which 
it has received considerable addition. The two accounts 
confirm each other. 



18 HISTORY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 



BETHTJKES OF BALFOUR, SCOTLAND. 

Distinguished Individuals of the Family from 1448 to the present time. 



The first in order, as a man of note, is David Betliune, 
second son of John Bethvme and Margaret Boiswald. lie 
was the first Lord of Criech. He was Controller of the 
Household, and afterward Treasurer of the Kingdom, to 
James IV. See Crawford's history of his life as Lord 
Treasurer. He was the founder of the family of Criech, 
which was very distinguished for two centuries ; an account 
of them will be given in another place. 

The third son of John Bethune and Margaret Boiswald 
was Ilobert, first Abbot of Cupar in Angus, and after of 
Melross. The fourth son of the same family was Andrew, 
Prior of St. Andrew's. The fifth was Archibald, who 
purchased the lands of Pitlochie and Cape Dree, and one 
of whose sons settled in the Isle of Sky, where his de- 
scendants are still very numerous. From this hranch of the 
family ivas jjrobaUy descended the late Rev. Dr. Bethune,' 
of New York. The sixth son of John Bethune and Margaret 
Boiswald was James Bethune, Bishop of Glasgow and of 
St. Andrew's. He was Chancellor of the Kingdom under 

1 This was the conclusion that Dr. Bethune himself came to when dis- 
cussing the subject with Mr. George Bethune in that gentleman's house, 
Tremont Street, Boston. He only knew that his family came from the 
Islv cf SI,-)/. Mr. George Bethune pointed out to hini the branch of the 
family that settled there. They have always maintained themselves in 
affluence, and many of them have been, and still are, high in the church, 
but seem to have become disconnected with the rest of the family in Scot- 
land, of which they are undoubtedly a highly respectable branch, and 
possess the quality of survival. — J. L. IK 



HISTOET OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 19 

James the Fourth, and after the death of his master was 
continued in office during the minority of James V. He 
was finally Primate, of all Scotland. He died 1522. John 
Lesley, Esq., of Eosse, says of him that when he died ho 
was as loaded with glory and honors as with years. 

In the next generation we have an equally large and dis- 
tinguished family, as follows : John Bethune, Baron of Bal- 
four, married to Elizabeth Moneypenny, daughter of Lord 
Moneypenny ; had seven sons and five daughters. The 
eldest son, John, succeeded to the estate and title of Bal- 
four ; the second son, James, was Lord Balfarge and father 
to James, Archbishop of Glasgow, as will he related in 
speaking of the next generation. The third son was 

David Bethune, Cardinal of St. Andrew's. His life 
forms an important part of the history of his country and 
of his church. He governed Scotland for eighteen years. 
He was a great and good man. See his " Life." 

The parents of Cardinal Bethune, namely, John Bethune 
of Balfour and Elizabeth Moneypenny, lie interred in Mor- 
kench Church, and their pictures are yet to be seen. The 
following inscription is on their tomb : 

Hie jacet honorabilis vir Joannes Bethune of Balfour, 
cum Elizabeth Moneypenny, quondam spousa duti Joannes 
qui obiet ami. Dom. 1514. 

James Bethune, Bishop of Glasgow, we find in the next 
generation after the Cardinal, who was his uncle. James 
was son of James Bethune, Lord Balfarge, and Die Melling, 
and grandson of John Bethune and the daughter of Lord 
Moneypenny. "While yet a youth he was sent to France 
by his uncle, the Cardinal, to study in Paris. Before he 
was twenty the King, Francis I., sent him back to Scot- 
land in charge of troops, to assist Marie of Lorraine, 
Queen Dowager and Regent of Scotland. By the Queen's 
favor he was made Counsellor of State ; she also gave him 
the Archbishopric of Glasgow. Afterward she sent him 



20 HISTORY OF THE BETnUNE FAMILY. 

Ambassador to France, with Robert Reid, Esq., of Orcliades ; 
George Lesley, Count of Rothes ; Gilbert Kenned, Count of 
Casselles, and other Lords, to treat of the marriage of the 
Princess Mary Stuart, her daughter — the Queen of Scots — 
and the Dauphin, Francis of France, son of King Henry 
II. ; which legation he acquitted so prudently that the nup- 
tials were celebrated in Paris, 1558, with the entire appro- 
bation of the great men of both kingdoms. 

Among the ladies who accompanied the Queen of Scots 
was Mary Bethune, niece to the Bishop of Glasgow. 

James Bethune remained in Paris as Ambassador for the 
affairs of Scotland, near the Kings of France, during the 
reigns of Francis L, Charles IX., Henry III., and Henry 
IV., and that of Mary Queen of Scots, and of her son 
James, King of Scotland, England, and Ireland. "He 
conducted the affairs of his embassy with such singular dis- 
cretion and ability as to secure praises from both govern- 
ments, which is very rare with those employed in affairs of 
State." So says the French historian, Andrew du Chesne. 

When he had attained his eighty-sixth year he died at 
Paris, in the Commanderie de Saint Jean de Latran, April 
25, 1G03. He was buried in the church of the same name, 
and the following epitaph is on his tomb : 

" Cy gist Reverend Pere en Dieu Ifessire Jacques de 
Bethune, Archevesque de Glasco en Escosse / Abhedv Nostrc 
Dame de VAbsie en Gastinc pays de Poictou, Thresorier de 
Sainct Hilaire le Grande de Poictiers, Prievr du Prievee 
de Sainct Pierre de Pontoise, Co-nsciller av Conseil d'Estat 
ct Prive du Roy dEscosse, et son Ambassadeur Ordinaire 
<ii France vers sa Maieste Tres-Chrestienne. Lequel cstant 
natif dudit pays dEscosse, deceda a Paris en la Com- 
iimnderie de Sainet Jean de Latran le 25th jour (VApvril 
Pan de grace 1G03, age de SG ansP 



HISTORY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 21 



DAVID BETHUNE OF CRIECH 

AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 



David Bethune, second son of John Bethune and Mar- 
garet Boiswald, was Treasurer to King James IV. He mar- 
ried Janet Dudiston, daughter to the Laird of St. Ford, and 
purchased the lands of Criech from the Lindells. He had 
three children — a son, John, who succeeded him, and two 
daughters. 

His eldest daughter, Janet, was first married to Lewiston 
of Easter Weems, hy whom she had two daughters, who 
were heiresses of Easter Weems. The eldest of these was 
married to Sir James Hamilton of Finnard. The second, 
Elizabeth, married to Ramsey of Balmain, and afterward 
to Ramsay of Dalhousie, and gave an heir to both families. 

Janet Bethune, Lady Easter Weems, afterward married 
the Earl of Arran and bore him several children, the 
eldest of whom was Earl of Arran, Duke of Chatelherault, 
and Governor of Scotland ; the second was Lord Claud. 
She had also three daughters, married. 

David Bethune, first Laird of Criech, lies in the Church 
of Morkench, under a large marble covered with a copper- 
plate, whereon is engraved : 

" Hie jaeit David Bethune de Criech Jilius Joannis Be- 
thune de Balfour, obit anno 1500." 

His son John, second Laird of Criech, married Janet 
Hay, daughter to the Provost of Dundee. It is said this 
Janet was exceedingly beautiful, and that young Criech 
having fallen in love with her, under promise of marriage 
conveyed her away privately to St. Andrew's. He lodged her 



> 



22 HISTORY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 

iii a house of that city, and went himself immediately to 
the Castle to the Archbishop, who was his uncle, told him 
what he had done, and desired that he might be married to 
the lady. The Bishop at first refused to marry them, be- 
cause neither of them had their parents' consent ; but being 
told that she desired to be married, he sent for her to the 
Castle, and seeing her extremely handsome, and they both 
being very urgent with him, he made no further scruple to 
marry them. 

The Bishop then wrote letters both to his father and to 
her father, acquainting them with what he had done, and 
his motives for doing it. This lady's portion was six thou- 
sand marks, at that time a prodigious sum. 

Janet Hay had two sons and four daughters ; she was 
herself one of the greatest beauties of her time, and her 
daughters were no less handsome. The eldest, Janet, was 
first married to the Laird of Craigmiller, and after to the 
Laird of Buccleuch — to whom she bore two daughters, 
namely, Janet, Lady Borthwick, and Dorothy, Lady Cran- 
ston. 

The second daughter of Janet Hay, Grissell, was married 
to Sir Walter Scott, younger, of Buccleuch, to whom she 
bore a son, Walter Scott of Buccleuch, and daughters. 
After the death of Sir Walter Grissell married the Laird 
of Blackbaronie, and had by him three sons and one daugh- 
ter, Elizabeth, who married James Bothwick and bore to 
him a daughter, who married the Earl of Haddington, by 
whom she had three daughters, the Lady Lindsay, the Lady 
Carnegie, and the Lady Ogilvie. 1 



1 When Cardinal Bethune was made an Abbot, lie bad been married to 
Marion Ogilvie more than ten years, and they bad a large family. A 
daughter of theirs afterward married the son and heir of the Earl of 
Crawford. The Pope granted hint, a dispensation, and he never separated 
Li' j i i l bis family. Defendants of bis are now to be found in Scotland, 
and elaim descent from the Bethune and Ogilvie marriage. 



HISTORY OE THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 23 

It was by the interest of Grissell Betkune with her cousin, 
the Cardinal, that Buccleuch was made one of the executors 
of King James V. It was soon after that the family of 
Buccleuch attained their great riches, and laid the founda- 
tion of their present grandeur. 

To return to the sons of John Bethune and Janet Hay. 
The second son, David, succeeded to the estate, and went 
with Queen Mary to France when she married the Dau- 
phin, and returned with that Princess. He was Master of 
the Household to the Queen, and Keeper of the Palace of 
Falkland. 

He married a French lady, Eugenia Ranvile, and had 
two sons and six beautiful daughters ; the first, Mary, so 
much celebrated by the famous Buchanan, who wrote ana- 
grams in her praise. The others all married. 

The eldest son of Eugenia Ranvile married the Lady 
Euphemia Leslie, daughter to the Earl of Rothes. 

David Bethune, sixth Laird of Criech, married Euphemia 
Forbes. The eldest daughter of this marriage married Sir 
John Moncrieff, whose daughter, Anna Moncrieff, married 
James Bethune of Balfour. 

The second son of Euphemia Forbes, David, who suc- 
ceeded to the estate, married, first, Euphemia Graham, and 
afterward Margaret Cunningham, daughter to the Earl of 
Gleucairn, but left no children, and disposed of his estate 
by will to James Bethune of Balfour, who had married his 
niece, Anna Moncrieff. Their further history has been 
given with that of the Bethimes of Balfour. 

Personal Appearance of the Bethtjnes. 

It has been remarked that all families who for many 
generations have enjoyed the advantages of education and 
refinement acquire a strong family likeness. This has been 
particularly noticed among the English nobility, where they 



24 HISTORY OF THE BETHUNE FAMILY. 

have old family portraits that exactly resemhle the present 
generation. Certain it is that the Bethunes have all looked 
astonishingly alike. The name is now almost extinct, and 
we may relate what they have been : 

They were of medium height ; the men about five feet 
ten inches, and the women about five feet three or three 
and a half inches ; never more. Clear, florid complexion ; 
many of the women wonderfully fair, a certain fineness of 
texture in the skin very remarkable. They had dark brown, 
almost black hair, inclined to curl, rich and abundant ; 
clear, large, but not prominent hazel eyes ; profile delicately 
Roman, never aquiline; some of the females have had the 
Grecian profile. Their limbs, feet, and hands might have 
been fine models for the sculptor ; their persons round, 
well developed, and beautifully proportioned ; all of them 
handsome, and scarce a generation passing without pro- 
ducing some individual wonderfully beautiful ; and that has 
been the case for a thousand years, as has been gathered 
from going through the copious history of the family, of 
which the foregoing pages form but a short compendium. 

See Andre du Chesne's "History of the House of Be- 
thune." It is a quarto volume of 400 pages, published in 
Paris, 1639, and dedicated to the Duke of Sully. The 
author writes himself " Historian to the King," and gives 
reference to public documents and church archives for the 
facts recorded. 



LIFE OF CARDINAL BETHME. 

COMPILED FROM LODGE, THE ENGLISH BIOGRArHER, FROM 
ANDRE DU CHESNE, THE FRENCH HISTORIAN, AND FROM 
FAMILY RECORDS. 



Introduction. 



There never was an historical character more unjustly 
treated than Cardinal Bethune has been. The biographers 
everywhere pass over his life with a few lines containing 
some of those coarse accusations that were hurled at him 
by his enemies more than three centuries ago. There never 
was any truth in them, yet they are repeated over and over 
again. It was a cruel age of the world, but Bethune was 
not responsible for its cruelty. That this injustice still fol- 
lows his name seems the more surprising because Edmond 
Lodge, F.S.A., published in London, 1821, a "Life of Car- 
dinal Bethune," ' that was clear and explicit, and showed a 

1 The following is the opening of Lodge's " Life of Bethune " : "David 
Bethune, for his talents, for the loftiness of his spirit, for his complete 
monopoly of royal favor, and his unbounded power in the government 
both of Church and State, may be not unaptly called the Wolsey of Scot- 
land ; but he was not, like that great man, the child of obscurity, nor the 
builder, from the foundation, of his own fortunes. His family was even 
illustrious, for he was descended from the old French house of Bethune, 
connected by more than one marriage with the ancient Earls of Flanders, 
and celebrated for having produced, among other branches dignified with 
the same high rank, that of the ever memorable Maximilian, Duke of 
Sully." 



26 LIFE OF CARDINAL BETIIUNE. 

great and good man doing his best to give peace to a country 
torn by two exasperated and contending parties. Lodge's 
Biographies are considered reliable works. Yet the light 
lie throws on Bethune' s career has not penetrated to a single 
biographical dictionary ! 

Bethune was placed between two fanatical and highly ex- 
cited factions, and suffered from both. The Church party 
pushed him forward to put down the disturbers of the 
peace, who were avowedly attempting revolution ; but he 
positively refused to act alone. He convened a council of 
the entire government of Church and State, and before this 
august court all trials took place. He saw that "no one 
roas persecuted for his religious belief." Only those who 
had instigated the masses to crime and bloodshed were put 
on trial. There existed a very remarkable state of affairs : 
the so-called Reformers in Scotland in the fifteenth century 
were excited to violence by a few men, perfectly insane in 
their vehemence of exhortation, urging their hearers to a 
bloody revolution. Until these men were silenced the peo- 
ple, who at that time were very ignorant, could not be held 
sufficiently within bounds to secure the safety of the reign- 
ing family, and prevent the Catholics, who were the wealthy 
and educated, from being driven out of the country. On 
Bethune devolved the duty of keeping the peace. He did 
not seize the ignorant rustic taken red-handed for murder 
(had he done so the executions would have been innumer- 
able), nor did he arrest the leaders of a mob burning a 
church ; but he sought out the individual who had exhorted 
them to do those things, and had him tried first, making 
him answer for the ignorant crowd he had set on to crime. 
By this means four executions in eighteen years restored 
tranquillity to the country. 

As to the charge of cruelty brought against him, he vir- 
tually abolished the death penalty from the laws of Scot- 
land. Lodge, the historian, says that during the eighteen 



LIFE OP CARDINAL BETHUNE. 27 

years that he was in power there were but six executions 
(four were for exhorting to bloodshed and two for other 
crimes); during the same time in England there were more 
than six thousand. A man had to be ingenious in crime to 
get himself condemned to death under his administration. 
To kill in anger or to plot treason would not make sure of 
it — it must be proved before the highest court in the land 
that the individual had exhorted crowded audiences to vio- 
lence and bloodshed. Even then a chance was given him 
for life ; he was told if he would give assurance that he 
would cease to be a preacher, for which he had shown him- 
self unfit, his sentence should be commuted to a short im- 
prisonment. But the insane fanatics wanted to he martyrs, 
and in a few instances they succeeded. It was a cruel age 
of the world ; the laws applied savage punishments ; but 
those laws were made before Bethune was born. That he 
refused to act alone, and convened an august court to try, 
judge, and sentence, did not prevent the whole weight of 
abuse being thrown on him ; he was murdered before the 
world had found out that he could not have done more than 
he did when he threw the whole responsibility on the united 
wisdom of the nation. 1 

In this " Life of the Cardinal " I have first shown who 
he was, and then tried to explain how it was that his bril- 
liant intellect and commanding character caused him to be 
selected by Catholic Europe to counteract the growing power 

'See Lodge's "Life of Cardinal Bethune," which I have followed 
closely except where it differed from "family traditions." Where our 
accounts vary is in regard to the time when Bethune entered the Church. 
Lodge says " he was educated for the Church." The fact is he was edu- 
cated for a diplomat, and was resident minister near the Court of France, 
and had for ten years been living in Paris with his family, when the 
Pope made him an Abbot. Lodge himself confirms my account when he 
says that the Pope, when he made him an Abbot in 152S, granted him dis- 
pensation for his past unclerical life. No dispensation would have been 
required if he had been " educated for the Church." 



28 LIFE OF CARDINAL BETHUNE. 

of Henry VIII. and stand between the infant Mary Queen 
of Scots and her blood-stained uncle, who wished to many 
her (while yet in her cradle) to his own son Edward. Her 
fate would have been very doubtful if once in Henry's 
hands, for she was all that stood between him and the throne 
of Scotland. 

The following " life " is virtually only an abridgment of 
that by Lodge, and for the most part the appropriations are 
acknowledged by quotation signs. It is interwoven with 
family history, of which Lodge appears to know very little. 
The rest is translated from the French of Andre du Chesne. 
All I have done is to make one clear narrative from facts 
derived from these three different sources. 



LIFE OF CARDINAL BETHUNE. 29 



LIFE OF CARDINAL BETHUNE. 



David Bethune, 1 born 1494, was son of John Bethune 
of Balfour and Elizabeth Moneypenny, daugliter of David 
Moneypenny of Pitinilly, in the County of Fife. lie had 
an uncle, James Bethune, who was Archbishop of St. An- 
drew's and Primate of all Scotland. This uncle was very 
wealthy, and David was his adopted son and heir. He re- 
ceived an admirable education in the University of St. An- 
drew's, under the eye of his uncle, who afterward sent him 
to Paris, with the double view of completely qualifying him 
for the duties of a statesman and to Introduce him advan- 
tageously to the Duke of Albany, who resided in Paris and 
was about to accept the office of Regent of Scotland during 
the minority of his great-nephew, James IV. The Duke 
received him graciously and at once employed him in sev- 
eral affairs at the Court of France, in which the interests of 
Scotland were involved ; and upon the death of the resident 
minister in Paris, appointed him to that office. Some writ- 
ers have fallen into the error of supposing that Bethune was 
educated for the cloister. Such a supposition was highly 
improbable ; he was heir to his wealthy uncle, the Arch- 
bishop, and surrounded by powerful friends. The honors 
of the Church were conferred upon him in middle life, to 
give him power in Church and State to control completely 

1 The Bethunes, when in Scotland, were in the habit of writing their 
name Beatoun, in order that it might be pronounced with the French 
accent, while out of Scotland the same individuals wrote it Bethune. 
This usage has long since been dropped, and with it the fashion of pro- 
nouncing with the French accent. 



30 LIFE OF CARDINAL BETHUNE. 

the Government of Scotland. Any supposition that lie was 
educated for the Church is entirely done away with by the 
fact that early in life he married a lady of noble family, 
Marion Ogilvie,' and one of the last acts of his life was to 
give a princely entertainment on the occasion of the mar- 
riage of his daughter to the son and heir of the Earl of 
Crawford. It was a period of great and pressing exigency ; 
the Church had need of the best talent the world could af- 
ford to head the French party, which was also the Church 
party in Scotland. Bethune was exactly the man for the 
position, and the circumstance that he was married was not 
allowed to interfere with his usefulness. The Pope could 
grant dispensation for his being married, as the historian 
relates that he certainly did in respect to his appointment 
to the rich and mitred Abbey of Aberbrothock, in Scotland. 
" The Pope granted him dispensation, waiving the forms of 
acceptance required by the Church." J 

In 1525 Bethune, after a residence of ten years in Paris, 
returned to Scotland and took his seat in Parliament. He 
had not been many weeks in the country when he was 
appointed one of the six members of that body to whom 
the charge of the King's person and education was com- 
mitted. Younger, more polished and cultivated than his 
colleagues, it is not strange that James should have selected 
him from them as his companion and confidant. As the mind 
of the King advanced to maturity, to these lighter impressions 
was added the weight of Bethune's splendid abilities, and 

1 Descendants of the Cardinal are still living in Scotland and are very 
proud of their ancestry, both Bethunes and Ogilvies, and know perfectly 
well the circumstances that Bethune was a married man, past thirty-two 
years of age, when the Pope made him first an Abbot and then a Cardinal, 
to give him power, both in Church and State, to govern Scotland. "The 
Popo granted him dispensation for his unclerical life." He was married 
before ho left Scotland. His children were all born in Paris, whero he 
was resident minister from Scotland. 

: Quoted from Lodge. 



LIFE OF CARDINAL BETHUNE. 31 

motives of policy soon after intervened on either side to con- 
summate the ascendancy which he at length gained. In the 
meantime Angus, who had governed not only the realm, but 
the King, with a control too sharp and haughty to be lasting, 
was overthrown. Ultimately Bethune was placed in the 
office of "Lord Privy Seal," that appointment which, 
under the Scottish monarchy, actually invested him with 
unlimited power. From that date (152S) he undoubtedly 
was the King's chief minister and favorite. He now pressed 
for a special legatine commission, but the Pope answered 
that the primacy annexed to his see constituted him what, 
in the language of the Church, was termed " Legatus natus" 
and invested him with sufficient authority. James, who 
had at first seconded his suit for that distinction, seems to 
have desisted at the request of Henry VIII., who now con- 
sidered Bethune a formidable adversary and had dispatched 
to Scotland Sir Balph Sadlier, a minister of great acuteness, 
for the sole purpose of effecting his ruin ; and James, though 
he refused with a laudable firmness to listen to insinuations 
against a favorite servant, which were not only malicious, 
but unfounded, perhaps yet deemed it prudent to concede 
in this single instance to the angry feelings of his uncle. A 
most exact and very curious recital of Sadlier's conversations 
with James on the subject of his mission, highly creditable 
as well to the heart as to the understanding of the Prince, 
may be found in a letter of great length from the ambas- 
sador to his master, in the publication of " Sadlier's State 
Papers." 

As regards the disturbances in Scotland at that time, 
where the Reformers had become violent, Bethune seems to 
have determined to prove the degree of that power to re- 
press them which the Pope had decided to be sufficient. 
But instead of acting alone on any authority that the Pope 
had conferred upon him, he threw the whole responsibility 
on the assembled magnates of the country. 



32 LIFE OF CARDINAL BETHUNE. 

In the spring of 15i0 he went to St. Andrew's with a 
pomp and splendor winch had never before been used by 
any Primate of Scotland, attended by a numerous train of 
the first nobility and gentry, by the Archbishop of Glasgow, 
Lord Chancellor, many other prelates, and nearly the whole 
body of the clergy ; evidently intending that the responsi- 
bility of what was there done should be shared by all. 
Having arrived, he convened them in a sort of general 
ecclesiastical council in the Cathedral. lie then represented 
to them the imminent perils which threatened the Church 
and the great danger that' menaced the Government: 
churches were being demolished and armed mobs were 
spreading ruin broadcast. He laid before them the meas- 
ures he had devised, and his suggestions were received with 
unanimous approbation. Thus supported, the Cardinal pro- 
ceeded to arrest those who had been active in urging on 
the populace to violence and bloodshed, and very naturally 
drew upon himself, from the so-called Reformers, the odium 
of a persecutor. " But those who will take the trouble to 
disentangle the truth from the jarring and obscure historical 
accounts of that time, will find it to have been unjustly cast 
upon him." I am quoting from Lodge's " Life of Bethune." 
He further says : " The most romantic tales have been told of 
his furious severity. Buchanan, who was himself imprisoned 
for alleged treason, tells absurd stories to show the enormous 
cruelty of his natural disposition ; but the stories are in no 
way supported by any other writer of that time." " The 
best apology for Bethune's memory with respect to such 
charges is in the historical fact, that only four persons 
suffered death during his long government of the Church of 
Scotland ; he never persecuted for ojnniorfs sake." 

A glance at English history at the time Bethune was at 
the head of the Government in Scotland will show a con- 
trast very much to his credit. During those eighteen years 
in England executions occurred by the thousands ; one day 



LIFE OF CARDINAL BETHtTNE. 33 

it was a Catholic, the next it was a Protestant, who was 
burned at the stake ; and the number of nobles beheaded 
yearly forms a roll that it is sickening to contemplate. At 
the same time, under Bethune's rule in Scotland, no crime 
was severely punished except exhorting a mob to commit 
arson and murder. 

There was positively no persecution for opinion's sake. 
All that was required was to keep the peace and not stir up 
the people to revolution. It is only after realizing the ex- 
isting state of society at that day tbat we can justly estimate 
the character that upheld the dynasty and protected the 
established Church without unnecessary severity. Reforma- 
tion at that time only meant pulling down and destroying : 
it was before the era of a reasonable reformed Church ; it 
was twenty-three years before the reign of Elizabeth. There 
was ?w reformed Church to persecute. It certainly is a mis- 
nomer to call men reformers who were trying to raise mobs 
armed with knife and firebrand to drive quiet Catholic 
gentlemen out of the country. Were the same sort of men 
to appear now we should not call them " reformers? Three 
hundred years ago Bethune (in the emergency) convened a 
bigh court and had the offenders brought to trial ; when 
they were condemned he saw that they were executed. 
Four men only suffered the death penalty in the eighteen 
years he was in power. All disorders were arrested ; none 
but the instigators to violence were punished. It does not 
seem as though he could have done any better than he did. 

As far as we may judge from his public speeches yet ex- 
tant, his own religious ideas were very liberal ; . his theme 
was usually the paramount duty of preserving a strict mo- 
rality ; no religious observances would dispense with strict 
moral deportment; God and man demanded thus much from 
every human being; after that each was at liberty to enter- 
tain such opinions as his conscience dictated. This and the 
like were the sentiments that ran though all he said. His 
3 



34 LIFE OF CARDINAL BETHUNE. 

denunciations were against those who, under the guise of 
preachers of religion, exhorted crowds to commit atrocious 
crimes. He had such persons sought out. arrested, and tried 
by an august court, and when convicted and sentenced, he 
saw to it that they were executed ; four such executions 
restored peace to the country. He constantly reiterated 
that every man might entertain such religious opinions as 
he preferred: no man should be persecuted for his belief. 
More liberality could not be asked in any age of the world ! 

In the meantime the influence of Bethune over the mind 
of the King his master was unbounded ; in all political as well 
as religious matters James obeyed him with the subser- 
viency of a pupil. This influence subsisted to the last day of 
the Prince's life. A few hours before his death, Bethune 
induced him to sitrn a will ' nominating himself and the 
Earls of Argyll, Huntly, and Arran a council of regency to 
govern the country in the name of the infant Mary. 

For the short remainder of Bethune's life he swayed the 
will of the regent with a power even more unlimited than 
that to which the late King had yielded. He demanded 
from the regent to solicit for him at Home the appointment 
of Legate a Latere. The request was made, and seems to 
have been granted without hesitation, and he was raised to 
that superb ecclesiastical station on January 13, 1543. lie 
commenced without delay the exercise of the extensive 
faculties with which it invested him, and held a solemn 
visitation to his own diocese, attended by the regent and 
others of the highest public functionaries in the realm, to 
inquire into the state of affairs. He endeavored to reclaim 



1 The validity of this instrument, which had been solemnly proclaimed 
in Edinburgh, was presently questioned by the English faction, and soon 
after annulled, on the coarse and ready pretence that it had been forged 
by tli' 1 Cardinal. No steps were taken to prove this charge, and indeed it 
seems to have been a mere invention to apologize for depriving him of 

|IM», 1 



LIFE OF CARDINAL BETHUNE. 35 

the moderate by arguments and proceeded with severity 
against a few self -devoted zealots, whose furious demeanor 
had left him no choice but to abandon them or his Church 
to inevitable destruction. " He punished not for espousing 
the doctrines of the Reformation., hut for having insidted by 
the grossest indecencies the established ivorshij? of the land " 
(Quoted from Lodge). On his return he convened an assem- 
bly of the clergy at Edinburgh, which he opened with a 
speech of distinguished impartiality. 

" Christianity," he said, " labored under the greatest peril, 
for which he knew of but two remedies, each of which he 
had resolved to administer : the one a vigorous prosecution 
of all who would destroy the established order of things, 
and the other a reformation of the scandalous and immoral 
lives of the Catholic clergy, which had furnished an ample 
pretext for separation." ' 

Bethune was universally envied for his greatness, con- 
stantly opposed by a powerful party in the State and by an- 
other not less formidable in the Church. The great man 
was destined to fall by the hands of assassins actuated by 
motives of anger for private causes. 

" On May 29, 1546, five gentlemen, Norman Lesley, eldest 
son, and John Lesley, brother to the Earl of Rothes ; Win. 
Kirkaldy of Grange, Peter Carmichael of Fife, and James 
Melville, having previously concerted their plan with great 
circumspection, entered the Castle of St. Andrew's early in 
the morning, with very few followers. Having secured the 
porter, by whom, as he knew all of them, they had been 
readily admitted within the walls, they appointed four of 
their company to watch the chamber where the Cardinal 
lay, that no advertisement should go unto him, and then 
went to the several chambers where the servants lay asleep, 
and calling them by their names, for they were all known 

1 Quoted from Lodge. 



36 LIFE OF CARDINAL BETHUNE. 

unto them, put fifty of his ordinary servants besides the 
workmen, masons, and wrights, who were reckoned above an 
hundred (for he was fortifying the Castle), to the gate, per- 
mitting none to stay within but the Governor's eldest son, 
whom they thought best to detain upon all adventures. This 
was performed with so little noise as the Cardinal did not 
hear till they knocked at his chamber. Then he asked who 
was there ? John Lesley answered, My name is Lesley. 
Which Lesley ? said the Cardinal ; is that Korman ? It was 
answered that he must open to those that were there. The 
answer gave him notice that they were no friends ; therefore, 
making the door fast, he refused to open. They called to 
bring fire ; whilst it was in fetching he began to commune 
with them, and after some speeches, upon their promise to 
use no violence, he opened the door, but they rushing in with 
swords drawn did most inhumanly kill liim, he not making 
any resistance." ' 

" Thus fell perhaps the greatest man in every point of 
consideration that his country ever produced. In the story 
of one of whom so much had been told, and that too by his 
enemies, it is at all events unlikely that any just dispraise 
should have been omitted." a 

Mary, Queen of* Scots, is said to have been so fond of 
the Cardinal that after her own father's death she called 
him her adopted father. She had a likeness of him 
painted and hung in her private apartment in the palace of 
Holy Rood, and there it hangs at the present day, yet four 
centuries have rolled past since the violent deaths of both 
Cardinal and Queen. It seems time that calumnies and 
false accusations should be put aside, and we should be 
allowed to look back on them as they were in real life ; the 
beautiful child Queen and her faithful guide aud protector. 

At the time when the Pope, the King of France, and the 



1 Quoted from Spotswood. ! Quoted from Lodge. 



LIFE OF CARDINAL BETHTJNE. 37 

Emperor of Germany saw the necessity of placing Bethnne 
at the head of the Government in Scotland, he had been 
ten years in Paris and was resident minister from Scotland 
near the Court of France ; certainly more pleasantly situated 
than he could be at the turbulent Scottish court, trying to 
prevent revolution and making strenuous efforts to reform 
the lives of the clergy of that day. The honors the Pope 
conferred on him at that time were to strengthen his hands 
to act as a reformer and give him unlimited power in Church 
and State. In his address to the clergy at Edinburgh he 
says he has two objects, the " one to punish all who would 
overthrow the established order of things ; the other to re- 
form the abuses in the Church and correct the scandalous 
lives of the clergy." 

Bethune was enlightened and refined, the worthy son of 
noble philanthropic ancestors who had for centuries been 
heaping benefits on their fellow-men. Let us deal justly 
with his character : he governed Scotland for nearly eighteen 
years; it was a time unsurpassed for dangerous complica- 
tions ; every element of society was in a ferment, yet so ad- 
mirable were the foreign relations, and with so firm a hand 
was every department of the home Government sustained, 
that had he not been murdered successful disorders could 
not have gained headway. The most blinded by prejudice 
could see that the object of his life was to uphold the dy- 
nasty to which he was pledged, and rule justly the country 
over which he was placed. Scotland was misgoverned and 
impoverished from the time of his death till the final union 
with England, under the son of Mary Queen of Scots, 
James VI. of Scotland and I. of England. 



BETHUNES EN AMEKICA. 



About the year 1724, George Bethune, son of William 
Bethune of Creigfnrdie, Scotland, and grandson of Robert 
Bethune of Balfour, came to Boston, Mass., and established 
himself in business as a banker. He married Miss Carey ; 
they had two sons, Nathaniel and George, and one daughter, 
Jane. Nathaniel died unmarried ; George (1754) married 
Mary Faneuil, daughter of Benjamin Faneuil and niece to 
Peter Faneuil. 

Jane Bethune, the daughter of George Bethune and Miss 
Carey, married a Mr. Prince. 

Descendants of 

George Bethune (who married Mary Faneuil), 

and of his sister, 

Jane Bethune (Mrs. Prince). 

The four daughters of George Bethune and Mary Faneuil 
who left descendants were Mary (Mrs. Mitchell), Susan (Mrs. 
Dunkin), Penelope (Mrs. English), and Jane (Mrs. Hunt). 
Only one son, George, left descendants. 

From these four daughters of George Bethune and Mary 
Faneuil, and from Jane Bethune (Mrs. Prince), whose 
daughter married Rev. Chandler Robbins, there are now 
all through the country descendants of the Bethunes under 
such names as Adams, English, Jones, and Willard, in 
Boston ; Gilman, Robbins, Stein, and Weisse, in New York ; 
Makepeace, in Baltimore; and Alston, Dunkin, Huger, and 



40 BETHUNES IN AMERICA. 

Hunt, in Charleston, S. C. George Amory Bethune, M.D., 
of Boston, son of George Bethnne and Mary Amory, and 
grandson of George Bethune and Mary Faneuil, is the only 
one left of this branch of the family who bears the name 
of Bethune (1SS3) ; he is of the twenty-seventh generation 
from Robert 1st of Bethune.' 

It is not possible for me to give all the names borne by 
those who are descendants of the Bethunes, and their num- 
ber is fast increasing. It is often given as a first name, as 
Bethune Dunkin, Bethune Stein, Bethune Jones, etc. To 
girls it is given as a middle name, as Ann Bethune Dunkin, 
Elizabeth Bethune Gilman, Eugenia Bethune Weisse, etc. 

It is a name any one may be pleased to claim consanguinity 
with by giving it to a child. 

Resume. 

The history of the Bethunes has been thus carefully pre- 
served because of the many illustrious persons the race 
has produced. There is probably no other name or family 
from whom has sprung so many distinguished men and 
brilliant and beautiful women as from the Bethunes. 

Further, they have given so liberally to the Church that 
Andre du Chesne (the French historian) found in the Church 

1 About the year 1830 Mr. John Lowell, of Boston, induced George 
Bethune, son of George Bethune and Mary Faneuil, to collect all the 
necessary evidences of his birth and of the marriage of his parents. 
These evidences consisted of the family Bibles, extracts from church 
registers, and a letter from Henry Bethune to his cousin George, on the 
occasion of the marriage of George Bethune with Mary Faneuil. This 
letter was dated 1754. In it Henry Bethune of Balfour tells his cousin 
that he "must remember that after the children of Mrs. Colgerton Be- 
thune, he, George, is his heir." All these papers must be now in the 
hands of the executors of Jeffries, the Scottish lawyer, to whom they were 
sent. The answer from Edinburgh was that " George Bethune would be 
entitled to the estate at the death of the male heirs of Mrs. Colgerton 
Bethune," and that " the estate was worth $100,000 per annum." 



BETHUNES IN AMERICA. 41 

archives a minute account of every event of importance 
that had occurred in the Bethune family for a thousand 
years! Every birth, marriage, and death was recorded, to- 
gether with every other incident of note connected with 
their history. The result is that the accuracy of the narrative 
is unexampled ; no other family can show anything like it. 

Maximilian Bethune, Duke of Sully, 1 ruled France with 
consummate wisdom through an entire reign. 

David Bethune, the Cardinal, was head of the Govern- 
ment in Scotland for eighteen years, virtually elected to 
that office by the voice of united Europe. A Bethune was 
resident minister in Paris from Scotland during the reigns 
of three kings. Another of the family headed the escort of 
Mary, Queen of Scots, when she went to France to wed the 
King's son, staid with her while she remained in France, 
and when she returned a widow to Scotland, continued the 
head of her establishment as " master of the household." 
His uncle, James Bethune, was (a.d. 1500) Primate of all 
Scotland. 

The French historian, Andre dn Chesne, states that at one 
time " there was not a reigning family in Europe who had 
not the blood of the Bethunes in their veins." The beauti- 
ful Duchess of Bedford was a Bethune, and a daughter of 
hers by her last marriage with Bichard, Lord Woodville, . 
became Queen of England as wife to Edward IV. 

Wherever they were prominent in history it was their 
wonderful beauty that was remarked upon, joined to bril- 
liant mental powers. 

In Europe the race is fast becoming extinct ; in France 
there are still individuals of the name — men of fine char- 
acter clinging to the remnants of their large estates and 
educating their sons for professions. Faneuil D. "Weisse, 

' We do not give a life of the Duke of Sully, because it is to be found 
elsewhere. We merely name him and state his place in the family. 



42 BETHUNES IN AMERICA. 

M.D. (himself a Betbune by descent through his mother), 
met one of them in Paris (in 1873), a medical student, and 
had with hini a very interesting conversation on the fortunes 
of the family. The young French M.D. expressed much 
interest in the American branch, and had the whole of their 
family history read to him in French. He said that where 
it touched the French record he could verify its correctness, 
lie seemed particularly struck with the resemblance between 
family likenesses Dr. "Weisse had with him, and some that 
were then hanging on the walls of his father's house in the 
country; he said they were so alike they might have been taken 
fur the same person. The portraits to which he referred 
were a miniature of the late George Bethune, and one of his 
sister, Mrs. Jane Bethune Hunt. 

In Scotland the name has either gone out, or it is held by 
persons who do not know exactly how they came by it. 
Bethunes are often met with in this country and in Canada. 
They are from the western isles of Scotland, undoubtedly 
descended from Archibald Bethune, 1 who settled in that 

1 Archibald Bethune was son of John Bethune and Margaret Boiswald, 
and unnle to Cardinal Bethune. About A.n. 1450 a son of his went to the 
western isles of Scotland, where he greatly prospered. Their descend- 
ants are now of the Episcopal Church, and are scholars and gentlemen. 
They continue (he name, which has gone out in the American branch, 
whose ancestor settled in Boston in 1724. The latter are from the elder 
brother of Archibald Bethune, as is set forth in the foregoing history. 
Unfortunately the name has become extinct with them, the race being 
continued only through females, }-et they are very numerous and con- 
nected everywhere with the best families. They do not forget that they 
are Bethunes in blood, though under other names. The characteristics 
>>f the race are distinctly seen among them; the children now growing up 
look like some old pictures still in the family, and are very bright. They 
certainly are from a race whose history is phenomenal. Their future will 
be a subject of interest. 

It has been remarked that where a descendant of some old historic 
family intermarries with an individual of a less distinguished race, the 
superior traits that have elevated the older family usually predominate in 
the children of the intermarriage. 



BETHUNES IN AMERICA. 



43 



part of Scotland, and whose descendants became numerous 
and prosperous; wherever they are met with they are people 
of good standing. The late Rev. Dr. Bethune of ISTew York 
was from that branch of the family. 

The Bethunes seem always to have possessed the unique 
power of holding themselves up to the highest grade of 
society. 

Their inheritance of strong intellect joined to fine phys- 
ical development has hitherto enabled them to surmount 
the common misfortunes of life. 1 They have done a world 
of good all down the ages ; always wise and acting for the 
best interests of mankind. 

1 There are occasionally found persons from Scotland calling themselves 
Bethune who are not Bethunes in blood, hut come from the peasantry on 
the estates of the family in the old country, where it is the custom for 
such persons to take the name of the family they live under. Their 
appearance and characteristics show them to he Scotch peasantry ; they 
look and are very different from the true Bethunes, who have always been, 
and still continue to be, educated people. 




Bethune of Balfour. 



THE FANEUIL FAMILY. 



The Faneuils were Huguenot refugees from La Eochelle, 
France. They brought with them to America considerable 
wealth in money and jewels. 

The tradition is that in France they were what the French 
call "rentier /" that is, they lived on the income of their 
estates. From their coat of arms we should judge they 
dated back to the Crusades. The crossed palm branches can 
have no other meaning. 

There is a paper extant in the French language and 
written by Benjamin Faneuil, Sr. It is a family record, in 
which he states that in 1699 he married Ann Bureau ; then 
follows in 1701 the birth of Peter Faneuil ; in 1702 the 
birth of Benjamin Faneuil, Jr.; afterward the births of three 
daughters. 1 

They first settled at New Eochelle, near New York. In 
1699 Benjamin Faneuil was given the freedom of the city of 
New York. In Valentine's " History of New York," p. 219, 
we read in a list of tire principal merchants of the city the 
name of Benjamin Faneuil, the third in the list. In the 
same work, among the inhabitants in 1703 we find Mr. 
Faneuil, wife and three children. This must have been the 
same Benjamin. The brother of Benjamin (Andrew Fan- 
euil) settled in Boston and made a colossal fortune, as a 
merchant. He visited Holland, and there married a very 

' This paper was left by Benjamin Faneuil, Jr., and is now in possession 
of his great-grandson, George A. Bethuiie, M.D., Boston. 



46 THE FANEUIL FAMILY. 

beautiful lady ; their portraits, by Sir Peter Lely, were 
owned by their descendant, Mrs. Jane Bethune Hunt, and 
for nearly half a century they bung in the ball of her bouse 
in Watertown, Mass. They were burned in 18S2 while 
stored in New York. Andrew Faneuil bad no children 
that lived to maturity. lie adopted the two sons of his 
brother Benjamin of New York — Peter, born 1700, and 
Benjamin, born 1701. Benjamin Faneuil, Jr., of Boston 
married the daughter of Rev. Timothy Cutler, rector of 
Trinity Church, Boston ; Mr. Cutler was a man very distin- 
guished for learning. His daughter was highly educated by 
an English tutor ; her portrait, painted by Blackburn, showed 
her very beautiful — high Roman nose, perfectly regular 
features, and fine dark eyes ; this picture was also burned 
while stored in New York, 1882. Andrew Faneuil was 
offended that his nephew married at all, and left the greater 
part of his fortune to Peter Fanexiil.' To his nieces, 
daughters of Benjamin Faneuil, Sr., of New York, he left 
$200,000 each, on condition that they should never ask any- 
thing further from his estate. So that when Peter Faneuil 
died without a will, five years after his uncle Andrew, his 
brother Benjamin was declared his sole heir, on account of 
this clause in Andrew's will prohibiting the sisters from 
demanding anything beyond their first legacy. 

Benjamin Faneuil, Sr., lies on the north side of Trinity 
Church, in the lower part of Broadway, New York City ; the 
grave-stone is in good preservation. The record of the 
christening of his children can be seen in the archives of 
the old French church of New York. His brother Andrew 
lived in a splendid house in Boston, at the corner of Somer- 

1 From the fact that Andrew Faneuil was opposed to his nephew's marry- 
ing nt (ill, it would seem that, he contemplated making large bestowments 
on the city where he had made his large fortune. The marriage of Ben- 
jamin with Mary Cutler was certainly a very suitable alliance ; yet 
Andrew Faneuil opposed it unaccountably. 



THE FANEUIL FAMILY. 47 

set and Beacon Streets ; the house was after his death 
owned and occupied by Mr. Gardener Green. From that 
house in Boston he was buried, having a most imposing 
funeral. See an account of the same in " The Memorial His- 
tory of Boston," recently published. His tomb is. in the 
graveyard at the south side of the Common. The Faneuil 
arms is engraved on the face of the structure, but some one 
(unknown to the family) has engraved under it, '■'■Peter 
Funnel? The Americans could not give the name the 
true French accent, and habitually called it " Funnel" which 
the family struggled against in vain until quite recently. 

Benjamin Faneuil and Mary Cutler had three children, 
two sons (neither of whom left descendants) and one daughter. 
He lived at one time at the corner of Washington and Sum- 
mer Streets, Boston, and later in Brighton, a few miles west 
of the city. He was eighty-four years old when he died. 
For twenty years before his death he was stone blind, from 
cataract over the eyes. He was an admirable character, 
greatly beloved by his numerous grandchildren, who did 
their best to amuse him by reading to him and telling him 
the news. The street where he lived in Brighton has been 
named Faneuil Street out of respect to his memory. 

Peter Faneuil possessed the estate only about five years ; 
during that time he lived in sumptuous style at the corner 
of Somerset and Beacon Streets, in the house that Andrew 
Faneuil built. He gave in charity in the most lavish abun- 
dance. Faneuil Hall was but one of his gifts to the city. 
Every charity of that day has his name down for a large 
sum. Tq_Trinity Church he gave a handsome amount to 
support the families of the deceased clergy of that church. 
It became so large a sum that it has been divided between 
Trinity Church and what is called King's or Stone Chapel, 
and has done a great deal of good. 

An assistant minister in Trinity Church, Rev. Mr. Cutler 
(brother to Mrs. B. Faneuil, and son of Rev. Timothy Cut- 



48 THE FANEUIL FAMILY. 

ler) died young and left a widow and infant daughter un- 
provided for. Andrew Faneuil gave the widow an income 
while she lived, and at her death attended her funeral, and 
after it was over called at the house and took the child and its 
nurse to his own house, taught her to call him father, and 
his nephews (Peter and Benjamin) she called brothers. She 
was tenderly cared for by all of them, and married (while 
quite young) Captain Cochran, who commanded a ship 
owned by Andrew Faneuil. Her descendants are yet nu- 
merous and have always been regarded as kindred by the 
Faneuils. Probably this case (of a clergyman of the Church 
wanting a provision for his family) caused Peter Faneuil to 
provide against a similar case again occurring. 

There is a fine portrait still extant of Peter Faneuil (it 
was given to the Antiquarian Society of Boston by his 
niece, Miss Jones, daughter of his sister, Mary Ann Faneuil) ; 
it is a better picture than the one in Faneuil Hall. There 
is also a good likeness extant of Rev. Timothy Cutler. Dr. 
Bethune has a fine picture of his grandmother, Mary Fan- 
euil (Mrs. George Bethune), by Blackburn, and one of his 
father, George Bethune, painted by Stuart. There is a 
good likeness of Mrs. Jane Bethune Hunt, copied from an 
original by Stuart ; Mrs. E. B. Stein has the copy ; the 
Stuart picture ' is still in the family. 

The eldest of these young men, Peter, went to Canada ; 
the youngest, Benjamin, was engaged to be married to Miss 
Lloyd, eldest daughter of Dr. Lloyd, and sister to Hon. 



1 The site where the original Faneuil mansion once stood at New 
Rochelle is now a corner lot where a grocery store is kept. A ring was 
found some twenty years ago by a butcher whose grandfather removed 
the dust from the Faneuil house to his own waste-pile ; the ring was found 
in a cornfield ; it had engraved on the inside the name of Andrew Fan- 
euil. It was purchased from the butcher by Mrs. Gen. Hawkins, a de- 
scendant of the Faneuils and Bethunes through her mother, Maria Be- 
thune Hunt. 



THE FANEUIL FAMILY. 49 

James Lloyd. They were very privately married, and when 
a vessel had just sailed for England they dropped down the 
harbor in a row-boat, under cloud of night, and quietly got 
on board the vessel {that had been induced to lay to for 
them) and went to England. 1 Faneuil's father gave his 
married son one-third of his estate in English funds. Miss 
Lloyd had no children. The couple lived in affluence in Lon- 
don, and were very friendly to all American refugees, of 
whom there were many at that time in England. They are 
spoken of by travellers who saw them in London. They 
are said to have been liberal in supplying the wants of those 
who were in need among the refugees. When they died 
they left back to the family the property they had received 
when they went to England. They were never after spoken 
of in Boston either by the Lloyds or Faneuils, and their 
memory died out entirely. The family often wondered why 
the Lloyds and Faneuils considered themselves related, but 
those few who knew all about it never spoke. Peter, who 
went to Canada, ultimately died at his sister's in Brighton ; 
he did not marry — was an invalid all his life. 

Benjamin Faneuil (the younger) lived a very happy life 
in London with Miss Lloyd. They were entirely apart from 
politics, and had around them a circle of refugees from the 
colonies, to whom they had the means of being very useful. 

1 See Boston papers of that date as to how and why they went. Those 
papers are full of conjectures and details. 
4 



THE FANEUILS. 



SOME INCIDENTS IN THEIR HISTORY. 



During the war of the revolution, or rather just before 
the outbreak of hostilities, when the people were greatly- 
excited, the two sons of Benjamin Faneuil of Boston 
(nephews of Peter Faneuil) found that their safety obliged 
them to leave the country. 

The opinions the young Faneuils held should not have 
excited the populace to violence. They were perfectly agreed 
that the colonies must soon have an independent govern- 
ment, but they counselled prudence till the country was 
prepared for action and strong enough for successful resist- 
ance; all this gave an impression that they were unpatriotic, 
and the angry people called them Tories. 

Society just at that time was in a ferment. "When it was 
found that the young Faneuils had left the country, a mob 
went to Faneuil Hall and destroyed Peter FaneuiVs picture ! 
He at least was one of the best friends they ever had ! but 
it was unreasonable violence that moved the masses who 
called themselves patriots. 

The father of these young men had recently received 
from his brother's (Peter Faneuu"s) estate something like 
$300,000 in English funds. It was expedient that one of 
the family should go to London and settle there permanently 
to hold that large property. There was no ivant of patriot- 
ism in any of them, but they did not want to see the colonies 
involved in misery by premature outbreaks; they thought 



52 THE FANET'ILS. 

there was no hurry for war, and were all of them entirely 
against mob violence and tearing up Peter FaneuiV s picture! 
Their patriotism took a reasonable, practical form, looking 
to the best interests of all. Further, they had no angry 
feelings against the English ; they had too recently been 
received and protected by them when their own country 
turned them out. They always spoke of the English as a 
great nation. They admired their liberality as to religious 
opinions, in which France was wanting. 

When the English had possession of Boston, and Wash- 
ington's headquarters were in Cambridge, Benj. Faneuil, Jr., 
the brother of Peter Faneuil, was living in Brighton. He was 
then more than eighty years old, and had been blind for 
many, many years ; he never left his room except for an 
occasional drive in fine weather. His daughter Mary (Mrs. 
George Bethune), then a widow, kept his house. 

One afternoon Washington and some of his officers were 
riding by. The cherry-trees in the garden, loaded with fruit, 
spread their branches over the road, and some of the gentle- 
men reached up and gathered of the tempting fruit. Mrs. 
Bethune saw them. She sent out her man-servant with 
"Mrs. Bethnne's compliments to Gen. Washington and his 
friends ; would they do her the favor to come in and eat 
some of the fruit?" They at once rode up to the door, 
dismounted, and came in. She received them as graciously 
as possible, and regretted she had no son to call upon them. 
She entertained them with fruit, wine, and cakes as she had 
at hand. When they left she invited them to dine with her 
on a day she named, expressing at the same time her polit- 
ical sentiments, which were very patriotic. Her invitation 
was accepted ; every one knew Mrs. Bethune — her good 
dinners were proverbial. 

When the day came the guests arrived ; she had invited 
a few others to meet them, and all went charmingly. The 
dinner was over, the dessert on the table, when the door was 



THE FANEUIL*. 53 

flung wide and old Mr. Faneuil, leaning on the arm of his 
attendant, entered the apartment. All made room for him. 
lie took his seat at the foot of the table, and told the guests 
he was very happy to find that they had visited his house. 
Would they fill their glasses and allow him to drink 
their health ? After a time, when he had by listening found 
where Washington and Lee sat (the others he did not much 
regard), he turned toward Washington and said, " General 
Washington, I respect your character greatly ; you act from 
patriotic motives; I have not a word to object to your 
course." But turning short on where Lee sat, " You, General 
Lee, are fighting with a rope round your neck," etc., etc., 
expressing very plainly that he looked on him as a traitor 
to king and country ! The whole company arose from the 
table, and when they were taking leave General Washington 
said, " What does this mean, Mrs. Bethune ? " " Can you 
not see what it means ? " she asked ; " my father has been 
blind and out of the world for twenty years, and he is now 
giving you the ideas in which he was educated. It is an 
accident that he found out there was company here; he 
never leaves his room. It was I who invited you, and my 
sentiments and those of my friends M'hom you see are very 
different from my father's. I beg your pardon for what has 
happened, and regret very much that this thing has occurred/ 
I hope you and your friends will forget it!" Mrs. Bethune 
was a very intelligent and sensible person and was a patriotic 
American in her sentiments, and so taught her children as 
far as her influence went. 

This General Lee so denounced was the one who had 
deserted from the English army, and the old man Faneuil 
could not refrain from telling him his opinion of such ac- 
tion under any circmnstances ! 

Note. — There is a good deal of silver still in the family that has the 
Faneuil coat of arms on it. Dr. Bethune has the castors once used by 
Peter Faneuil. Another of the family has his coffee-pot. His punch- 



54 THE FANETJILS. 

bowl is in the Lovell family, given to them by Mrs. Ann Eethune Lovell, 
who married James Lovell, their father. A quantity of silver so engraved 
was stolen from Mrs. Bethune's house in Brighton, where a robbery was 
committed. The coffee-pot was found a week afterward in a field leading 
to the river, where the thieves dropped it in getting over a fence. It was es- 
timated that $3,000 worth was taken at that time. A man was afterward 
hanged for murder who confessed the robberry of the Brighton house. 
The thieves came up the river in a boat and took the silver to a vessel in 
the harbor. They were never detected. 

Descendants of the Faneuils. 

The descendants of the Faneuils are very numerous. The 
name became extinct in this country when Benjamin Fan- 
euil, Jr., son of Benjamin Faneuil of Rochelle, France, died, 
1786. No son survived him ; he had one daughter, Mary. 
This Mary Faneuil married, 1754, George Bethune and had 
a very large family. For her children who had families, see 
"Descendants of the Betuunes." 

There are also descendants from Mary Ann Faneuil, a 
daughter of Benjamin Faneuil, Sr. She married Edward 
Jones. Her grandson, Edward I. Davenport, M.D., of Bos- 
ton, was much respected. 

As Faneuil has become extinct as a proper name the custom 
prevails of giving it as a first name. Judge Dunkin of 
South Carolina was called Faneuil Dunkin. Faneuil Hunt 
was the distinguished lawyer in Charleston, S. C. Faneuil 
Adams, M.D., is favorably known in Massachusetts. There is 
Faneuil Alston in Carolina, and there was a Faneuil 
Huger (he died young). Further, there are in New York 
Faneuil D. Weisse, M.D., his son, Faneuil Suydam Weisse, 
and his nephew, Faneuil Dunkin Stein. 

It seems to be a fortunate name ; it certainly rose to dis- 
tinction when the two leading lawyers in Charleston, S. C, 
were Faneuil Hunt and Faneuil Dunkin. Some much- 
loved individuals of the name have passed away and left a 
very tender memory behind them. It will be a favorite 
name as long as the family exists. 



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