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Full text of "History of Black Hawk County, Iowa, and its people"

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HISTORY 

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BIOGRAPHICAL 



FERDINAND E. CUTLER. 

Ferdinand E. Cutler is the president of the Cutler Hardware Company, one 
of the leading wholesale establishments of Waterloo. He occupied a prominent 
position among the enterprising, alert and progressive business men of the city, 
in which he has made his home for forty-eight years, or since 1866. He was 
born in Canada and during his early childhood his parents removed with their 
family to Lockport, New York, where he was reared and educated. He removed 
from that city to Iowa and, establishing his home in Waterloo, became one of 
the early merchants of Black Hawk county. Here he engaged in the grocery and 
hardware business as junior partner in the firm of Weatherwax & Cutler. That 
relation was maintained for several years, but in 1871, Mr. Cutler sold out, in 
order to organize the firm of Crittenden & Cutler, dealing exclusively in hard- 
ware. A change in the partnership in 1873 led to the adoption of the firm style 
of Cutler & Parker and this was continued until the incorporation of the business 
in 1891 under the name of Cutler Hardware Company. Through all these years 
Mr. Cutler was the active and managing partner of the business and when the 
company was incorporated in 1891 he became the president and now is the prin- 
cipal owner of the plant. The business was capitalized for twenty-four thousand 
four hundred dollars and in the early period trade was conducted only along re- 
tail lines, but soon after the incorporation they began a wholesale business on a 
small scale. Their patronage in that direction increased so rapidly that in 1901 
they discontinued the retail business and since then have conducted an exclusive 
wholesale hardware establishment. In 1910 they erected their present business 
block, which is sixty by one hundred and forty feet and is five stories in height. 
The building has been constructed with so broad a frame and foundation that 
two more stories can be added if necessary and is especially arranged for their 
business with an eye to convenience. This building is constructed of steel and 
cement throughout and is practically the only true fireproof building in the state 
of Iowa. They now employ about thirty-five people, while their trade covers 
Iowa and southern Minnesota. The capital stock and surplus at the present time 
is one hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars — a fact indicative of the con- 
tinued growth and prosperity of the enterprise. Mr. Cutler as the founder and 
active head of the business deserves great credit for building up this important 
commercial undertaking, which ranks among the foremost wholesale mercantile 
interests of Waterloo. Something of his high standing in business circles is in- 
dicated in the fact that he was honored with the presidency of the Iowa State 
Hardware Jobbers' Association for three or four years. Mr. Cutler was one of 

5 



6 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

the founders of this organization. For the past three years, also, he has been 
on the membership committee of the National Hardware Jobbers' Association. 
He is widely known in trade circles and his business ability and personal worth 
have gained him high regard. 

In matters of citizenship Mr. Cutler has ever manifested a deep and helpful 
interest. He was a member of the first city council of Waterloo following the 
incorporation of the city and served in that capacity for two terms. Mr. Cutler 
has since respectfully declined to accept the oflfers of numerous political positions. 
He is most helpfully and heartily interested in all enterprises for the betterment 
of Waterloo, was one of the organizers of the Commercial Club and Board of 
Trade and for fourteen years acted as its president, covering the period of the 
greatest growth of Waterloo. He instituted many plans and measures which were 
directly resultant in bringing about the growth and improvement of the city and 
the extension of its trade connections. He resigned about three years ago to the 
deep regret of many, for his worth was most widely recognized. He was presi- 
dent of the Humane Society following its organization and has been chairman 
of the board of trustees since the time the Universalist church erected its present 
house of worship. He has always taken an active and helpful interest in church 
work and, in fact, his influence is ever on the side of advancement and improve- 
ment along intellectual, material, social and moral lines. Fraternally he is con- 
nected with the Masons. He occupies a fine home in Highland and he enjoys 
the high regard and respect of his fellow townsmen, for his life has at all times 
commended him to the confidence and good will of those with whom he has been 
associated, while his ability and public spirit have brought him prominently before 
the people at large. 



JOHN H. STEWART. 



John H. Stewart, vice president, treasurer and manager of the Cement Tile 
Machinery Company, finds in laudable ambition the incentive for his persistent 
and indefatigable effort which, intelligently directed, is leading him continually 
toward the goal of success. He was born in Vermont in 1862 and when thirteen 
years of age accompanied his parents on their westward removal to Iowa, the 
family home being established in Winnebago county, where John H. Stewart was 
reared to manhood and attended school. His advantages were somewhat limited, 
however, because of the comparatively undeveloped system of education at that 
early day. When a youth of but sixteen years he and his brother began drilling 
wells and he followed that pursuit for three years, after which he learned the 
carpenter's trade. He was employed at the trade for three years and then began 
contracting and building on his own account. 

In 1898 Mr. Stewart removed to Waterloo, where he became prominent in 
business in contracting and architectural work, ultimately, however, confining his 
attention and activities to the latter. The last work he did of that character was 
in drawing the plans for the Ellis Hotel. He had been accorded a liberal pat- 
ronage and had made for himself a creditable position in that field of labor, but 
in 1905 he turned his attention to other interests, organizing the Cement Tile 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 7 

Machinery Company. Three years before, or in 1902, he got out a patent for a 
cement block machine, but later sold his interest therein and in 1905 he organized 
the Cement Tile Machinery Company, which was incorporated in that year and 
capitalized for thirty thousand dollars. Something of the growth and importance 
of the business is indicated in the fact that the capital stock has been increased 
to one hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars, of which eighty thousand dol- 
lars has been paid up. The present officers are: J. M. Schenk, president; J. H. 
Stewart, vice president, treasurer and manager ; and H. A. Sharp, secretary. In 
1906 the company began erecting its present plant, containing thirty-two thou- 
sand square feet of floor space, and they have from twenty-five to fifty employes. 
Their business has gradually grown along substantial lines and their output has 
a wide sale. Mr. Stewart is also president of the Cement Products Company 
and is thus an active factor in industrial circles of the city. His business methods 
have been thoroughly reliable and he has earned for himself an enviable reputa- 
tion as a careful man of business, being known in his dealings for his prompt 
and honorable methods, which have won him the deserved and unbounded con- 
fidence of his fellowmen. 

In 1884, Mr. Stewart was united in marriage to Miss Ella Allen, of Mankato, 
Minnesota, and they have become the parents of six children : W. H., A. A., 
Nina C, Mildred V., Naomi and Russell. The eldest daughter, Nina, is now the 
wife of Clarence Basserear, of Waterloo, and Mildred is now Mrs. Fred Bartz. 
Mr. Stewart is a Mason and exemplifies in his life the beneficent spirit of the 
craft. He has membership in the Commercial Club and Board of Trade and his 
name is also on the membership roll of the Town Criers Club. His time and 
attention have been given mostly to his business affairs and his close application 
and excellent management have brought to him the substantial degree of pros- 
perity which is today his. He is a man of resolute purpose, courage and industry, 
and his record proves that prosperity and an honorable name may be won 
simultaneously. 



HOPE C. MARTIN. 



Hope C. Martin, a wholesale and retail dealer in cigars and tobacco at Water- 
loo, is a native of the city which is still his home, born in 1875. His father, 
Henry Martin, was a native of New Hampshire and about 1868 became a resi- 
dent of Black Hawk county, casting in his lot with the early settlers. For an 
extended period he was engaged in the bakery business and was a leading 
factor in the material development of city and county in the early days. He died 
about twenty-four years ago and his demise was the occasion of deep and wide- 
spread regret, for all who knew him recognized his worth and felt that the 
county suffered a loss in his passing. His wife, Mrs. Margaret Martin, was a 
native of Halifax but came from Boston, Massachusetts, to Waterloo. She was 
called from this life twelve years ago. 

Hope C. Martin acquired a public-school education. He became clerk of the 
Logan hotel and in 1897 he established a cigar stand in the hotel. Afterward he 
opened a wholesale and retail cigar business on Water street, where he remained 



8 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

until his stock was destroyed by fire. With characteristic energy, however, he 
immediately started again, opening his store in the Logan House block, and 
when that property was purchased by James Black he removed to his present 
location at No. 211 East Fourth street, having purchased this property for a 
permanent home for his wholesale and retail business. He is now conducting an 
extensive business, being a distributor of the best selling brands of tobacco and 
cigars handled in the western markets. He has agencies in many of the cities of 
Iowa, South Dakota and Illinois and has built up a business of extensive and 
gratifying proportions. He has now altogether thirty -two agencies, cigar stores 
and news stands in operation in Iowa, Illinois, Minnesota and the Dakotas and 
is represented upon the road by five traveling salesmen. The business has 
grown year by year until it is of extensive proportions and Mr. Martin is 
therefore accounted one of the leading merchants of his city. He is also largely 
interested in a number of good real-estate properties in Waterloo, including the 
Princess Theater and the Hotel Martin. 

Mr. Martin was united in marriage to Miss Mayme A. Baro, of Waterloo, 
and they have one daughter, Fay Dorothy. That Mr. Martin has attained high 
rank in Masonry is indicated in the fact that he is now a Mystic Shriner. He is 
also connected with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. He has member- 
ship in the Commercial Club and Board of Trade and he was one of the organizers 
of the Town Criers Club. In politics he is a democrat, well versed on the ques- 
tions and issues of the day, and he has served as chairman of the county central 
committee. One meeting him at once recognizes that he is a most energetic man, 
alert, determined and resourceful. While he has never sought to figure person- 
ally before the public in any light or any relation, his influence has been felt as 
a strong, steady, moving force in the business and civic development of the city. 



L. A. KNITTEL. 



L. A. Knittel has since 1899 been connected with the Waterloo Fruit & Com- 
mission Company, of which he is now the president. Advancement has come 
to him in recognition of merit and ability and today as chief executive officer 
of the company he is in control of a large and substantial business that long since 
reached gratifying proportions. He is a native son of Dubuque, Iowa, born May 
18, 1862, his parents being John and Mary (Fettkether) Knittel, the former a 
native of Germany and the latter of Dubuque. After living for a period of years 
in her native city they removed to Bremer county about 1871 and for an ex- 
tended period the father was identified with mercantile pursuits in the town of 
Knittel, which had been so named in his honor. He was a progressive and rep- 
resentative business man of his community and when he passed away in 1913 his 
death was the occasion of deep and sincere regret. His widow still survives. 

L. A. Knittel had an excellent home training in those lines which make for 
upright character, while mental discipline came to him in his public-school educa- 
tion, which was supplemented by a business course in Bailey's Commercial College 
at Dubuque. Me then became connected with mercantile interests in the village 
of Knittel and while thus engaged was appointed postmaster of the little town, 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 9 

the third assistant postmaster of the United States giving the family name to the 
postoffice. L. A. Knittel continued in business there for three and one-half years 
and at the end of that time went upon the road for Albert Holzer, who was the 
owner of a commission business which later became the Waterloo Fruit & Com- 
mission Company. He represented Mr. Holzer for twelve years and gained for 
him a liberal and gratifying patronage. In 1899 the Waterloo Fruit & Commis- 
sion Company was organized, taking over the business of Mr. Holzer, and at that 
time Mr. Knittel became a member of the firm and was elected one of the directors 
of the new company. Two years later he was elected president and has since 
continued in that capacity. His previous long experience with the trade made 
him thoroughly qualified to become an executive officer and the keen interest 
and sagacity which he manifests in the direction of the business are factors in 
its growing and substantial success. 

In December, 1886, Mr. Knittel was united in marriage to Miss Lena Tegt- 
meier, of Bremer county, Iowa, and, they have become the parents of six children, 
of whom four are yet living: Horace C, who is city shipping clerk with the 
Waterloo Fruit & Commission Company; Esther M., a student in the State Normal 
school at Cedar Falls ; and Louis C. and Ruth C, who are attending the public 
•schools. 

Mr. Knittel holds membership in Helmet Lodge, No. 89, K. P., and also with 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen, the Commercial Club and the Town 
Criers Club of Waterloo. He and his family are members of the Baptist church 
and they enjoy the high respect of all who know them, their sterling qualities 
gaining for them high regard. Mr. Knittel devotes his time almost exclusively to 
his business, and his concentration of purpose, his close application and his well- 
defined spirit of enterprise are the elements in his substantial success. 



IRA W. BLOUGH. 



Waterloo, strong, aggressive and growing rapidly, has furnished a fruitful 
field for the establishment and conduct of important business interests, which in 
turn have acted as a boomerang in the upbuilding of the city. Prominent among 
the well-known representatives of financial interests is Ira W. Blough, cashier of 
the Iowa State Bank. He is a young man, having just completed his third decade, 
his birth having occurred in Black Hawk county in 1884. He is a son of W. A. 
Blough, of Waterloo, who was born in Lanark, Illinois, and in his childhood was 
brought to this county by his parents in i860. His father was A. J. Blough, one 
of the pioneer dentists of Waterloo. On reaching young manhood W. A. Blough 
chose farming as a vocation and was engaged in general agricultural pursuits and 
stock-raising in Orange township until he retired from active business life and 
took up his abode in the county seat, where he has resided continuously since 
1910 — one of the worthy and highly respected residents of this city. 

Spending his youthful days upon the old home farm, Ira W. Blough was 
educated in the schools of Orange township and also spent several terms in the 
Mount Morris College at Mount Morris, Illinois. He then returned to the home 
farm and devoted the succeeding two years to the work of the fields. At the end 



10 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 



of that time, however, he came to Waterloo and became associated with the Iowa 
State Bank as collector. By diligent service, trustworthiness and ability he has 
won promotion from time to time until he has passed through all the intermedi- 
ate positions to that of cashier, in which capacity he has served since 1912. He 
is a popular and obliging official, ever courteous to the patrons of the bank, ex- 
tending favors wherever possible, and at the same time he is most loyal to the 
interes*ts of the institution and careful in safeguarding its ;business stability. 

In 19 1 2 Mr. Blough was married to Miss Alta Rodamar. a daughter of Ben- 
jamin Rodamar, one of the early residents of Black Hawk county, of whom men- 
tion is made elsewhere in this work. Mr. and Mrs. Blough have one child, 
Mary Jean. They are members of the Church of the Brethren and Mr. Blough's 
interest in community affairs is indicated in the fact that he is a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce, of the Waterloo Club and the Town Criers Club. His 
entire life has been spent in this county, where he is widely and favorably known, 
and few of the young men of Waterloo have a broader acquaintance or are held 
in higher esteem than is Ira W. Blough. 



HON. ?IENRY O. BERNBROCK. 

The sentiment is rapidly growing that practical business men. capable of 
understanding and handling affairs of importance, should have control of the laws 
which regulate trade conditions and affect the general interests of society. More 
and more business men who have proven their worth as factors in the business 
world are being called to direct and shape legislation and mark out the policy 
of city, state and nation. As such a man the Hon. Henry O. Bernbrock is well 
known and at the present writing is the representative of his district in the gen- 
eral assembly of Iowa, to which position he was elected on the republican ticket. 
His connection with the industrial life of Waterloo is that of president of the 
Waterloo Laundry Company and president of the Model Laundry Company, 
and in those capacities he has carefully developed and systematized his business. 
He dates his residence in Waterloo from March, 1902. 

Mr. Bernbrock was born in Quincy, Illinois, February 12, 1874, and pursued 
his education in the public schools of that city and in St. Brancis College. When 
sixteen years of age he entered into active connection with the laundry business 
in Chicago, where he remained for about two years and then returned to Quincy, 
where he became connected with the Weems Laundry Company, controlling one 
of the most extensive laundries of the middle west. About 1897 l"*^ became a 
])artner in the Weems Laundry at Springfield, Illinois, and there remained until 
1902, when he came to Waterloo and purchased an interest in the Waterloo 
Steam Laundry. In August of the same year he bought out his partner and 
since that time has been at the head of the business. At intervals, however, he 
has been associated with partners. On the 29th of June, 1914, the business was 
incorporated under the name of the Waterloo Laundry Company with Mr. Bern- 
brock as the president and A. J. Cornwell as secretary and treasurer. Broaden- 
ing the .scope of his activities, he is now also the president of the Model Laundry 
Company and he is a member of the board of directors of the Home Building & 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 13 

Loan Association. Prosperity has attended his efforts during the period of his 
residence in this city and with faith in its future he has invested quite extensively 
in real estate in Waterloo and is now the owner of much valuable property. 

On the 1 8th of February, 1910, Mr. Bernbrock was united in marriage to 
Miss Jean Marcham, of Waterloo, and they reside at No. 709 South street. 
They are members of the Sacred Heart Roman Catholic church and Mr. Bern- 
brock holds membership with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. He is 
also a member and director of the Chamber of Commerce, the Commercial Club 
and the Town Criers Ciub and is actively and helpfully interested in all move- 
ments for the upbuilding of Waterloo and the uplift of her citizenship. His life 
record serves to indicate what may be accomplished in a business way when there 
is the will to dare and to do, for obstacles and difficulties can always be overcome 
by persistent, earnest, indefatigable and honorable effort. 



CONRAD D. WANGLER. 

Conrad D. Wangler was a pioneer druggist of Waterloo and for many years 
one of the prominent, representative and successful business men of the city, 
but commercial interests indicated but one phase of his existence. Whenever aid 
was needed in public affairs, whenever a worthy individual sought his help, 
assistance was freely and generously given and thus in many ways he left the 
impress of his life for good upon the welfare and upbuilding of the community 
in which he lived. 

A native of Germany, Conrad D. Wangler was born in Baden on the 8th of 
January, 185 1, his parents being Mr. and Mrs. Conrad Wangler, who always re- 
mained residents of the fatherland. The subject of this review, however, left 
Germany when a youth of fifteen years. He had already acquired a mastery of 
the preliminary branches of learning in the schools of his native country, and 
after crossing the Atlantic alone at the age of fifteen in 1866, he continued his 
education in the schools of Cedar Falls, Iowa, to which place a sister had pre- 
ceded him. There he not only became familiar with the English language but also 
came into touch with American thought, habits and customs as exemplified in the 
lives of the school children of that district. Later he became a student in the 
schools of Waterloo and here completed his more specifically literary course. 
He next entered the College of Pharmacy at Cincinnati, Ohio, and completed the 
course by graduation with the class of 1875. 

Mr. Wangler again became a resident of Waterloo in 1878 and in connection 
with his brother, R. C. Wangler, purchased the drug business of Carpenter & 
Smith. Their store was located on East Fourth street, but about a quarter of a 
century prior to the death of Conrad D. Wangler a removal was made to the corner 
of East Fourth and Lafayette streets, the brothers there erecting a good business 
block: They conducted a retail business alone for some time but afterward sold an 
interest to Mr. Todd, at which time the firm style of Wangler Brothers & Todd 
was assumed. It was about that time or in 1900 that the Wangler Drug Company 
was organized for the conduct of a wholesale drug business, with C. D. Wangler 
as the president. Papers of incorporation were taken out and the business was 



14 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

capitalized for one hundred thousand dollars, but after a few years they withdrew 
from the wholesale trade to again concentrate their efforts upon the retail busi- 
ness. They had a large and well appointed store, carrying an extensive stock of 
goods and doing everything in their power to meet the wishes and requirements 
of the public. Conrad D. Wangler was also one of the founders of the Waterloo 
Building & Loan Association and for many years served as one of its directors. 
He was energetic and determined and quickly recognized the possibilities and the 
obstacles in any business situation, utilizing the former to the best advantage and 
overcoming the latter by determined and honorable effort. 

On the 5th of May, 1878, at Cedar Falls, Mr. Wangler was united in marriage 
to Miss Kathryn Landgraf and they became the parents of three daughters: 
Clara L., now the wife of W. P. Kerwin, of Oelwein; Agatha M., who became the 
wife of F. C. Braniger of \^'aterloo, and who since the latter s demise about four 
years ago has been with her mother; and Gertrude J., also at home with the 
mother. Mr. and Mrs. Wangler had celebrated their thirtieth wedding anniversary 
ere death separated them. He was most devoted to the welfare of his family and 
counted no sacrifice on his part too great if it would enhance their happiness. He 
also held friendship inviolable and was always ready to extend a helping hand to 
a friend. 

In politics Mr. Wangler was a democrat, recognized as one of the party leaders 
in Black Hawk county. He frequently served as a member of important demo- 
cratic committees and attended congressional and state conventions as a delegate. 
His religious faith was that of the Catholic church, his membership being in St. 
Joseph's. He was the first to propose the construction of the new St. Francis 
Hospital and was a most enthusiastic worker when the plan was actually under 
way. At the end his greatest desire was to live to see the consummation of his 
hopes, but this had been planned otherwise. He belonged to the Knights of Colum- 
bus and held the ofiice of grand knight for two years. He was also a member of 
the Waterloo lodge of Elks. To his church he was a most generous contributor 
and was equally liberal in charitable work, serving as treasurer of the Associated 
Charities of Waterloo at the time of his death. Wherever he was known he was 
held in high esteem and most of all where he was best known. His long residence 
in Waterloo brought him a very wide acquaintance and all with whom he came in 
contact were glad to call him friend. He left the impress of his individuality for 
good upon many activities with which he was connected and the material, political, 
social and moral progress of the city was furthered through his cooperation. 



GEORGE G. DUNN. 



George G. Dunn is the proprietor of one of the leading and popular retail 
establishments of Waterloo, the nature of the business being indicated in its name 
— the Waterloo Furniture Company. Mr. Dunn's connection with the city covers 
a period of seven years. He was born in Van Buren county, Iowa, in 1864, and 
there spent the days of his boyhood and youth, the public-school system of the 
county affording him his educational privileges. His life work has been along 
the line of the furniture trade. He was first engaged in the furniture business in 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 15 

Garden City, Kansas, wherehe remained for a few years, and later he was located 
at other places until he came to Waterloo in 1907, at which time he bought out 
the Waterloo Furniture Store and has since continued the business under the 
name of the W'aterloo Furniture Company. He occupies the entire building at 
Nos. 312-314 East Fourth street. The building is forty-four by eighty feet 
and five stories in height and he has nearly twenty thousand square feet of floor 
space which he utilizes in the conduct of a strictly retail furniture business. In 
his establishment is found furniture of all grades and of both foreign and do- 
mestic manufacture. His stock enables him to meet the demands of any taste 
and pocketbook and he has ever in his trade recognized the fact that satisfied 
patrons are the best advertisement. In addition to being proprietor of the Water- 
loo Furniture Company he is also at the head of the Dunn-Hosmer Furniture 
Company of Dubuque. 

In 1885 Mr. Dunn was united in marriage to Miss Ida Jacobs and they have 
become the parents of two children : R. A., who is in charge of the Dunn-Hosmer 
Furniture Company at Dubuque; and Belvia, at home. The parents are members 
of Grace Methodist Episcopal church and guide their lives by its teachings. 

Mr. Dunn is also a faithful representative of the Knights of Pythias and the 
Modern W^oodmen of America, and he belongs furthermore to the Commercial 
Club and Board of Trade, an organization which has for its object the welfare, 
betterment and business development of the community. He deserves much 
credit for what he has accomplished, as he started out in life empty-handed and 
without the assistance of influential friends. Today he is at the head of an 
extensive and profitable business which furnishes employment to many salesmen. 
He has their loyalty and high regard, for his has never been the command of the 
tyrant to go but the call of the leader to come. 



CHARLES SHERWOOD. 

Charles Sherwood is by the consensus of pubHc opinion the leading florist of 
Waterloo, conducting business as proprietor of the Sherwood Greenhouses. A 
residence of a third of a century in this city has made him well known and his 
fellow townsmen have had ample opportunity to judge of his business methods. 
He was born in Yorkshire, England, in 1853, and there learned the florist's busi- 
ness, with which he has been identified from the time he reached the age of twelve 
years and with which he has been prominently connected from the age of sixteen. 
On crossing the Atlantic to the new world he made his way at once to Waterloo, 
where he had an uncle living who was engaged in the gardening business. 

Charles Sherwood went to work in the greenhouse of a Mr. Fowler and twenty- 
eight years ago embarked in business on his own account, establishing a green- 
house where the Iowa Dairy Separator plant is now located. He sold out to that 
company about ten years ago and removed to his present location at No. 550 
Conger street, where he is the proprietor of mammoth greenhouses, having fifty 
thousand feet under glass. The company of which he is a member raises all kinds 
of plants and cut flowers and deals in seed. It has a downtown house on East 
Fourth street, in the heart of the city, and its trade has steadily grown and has 



16 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

now reached extensive and gratifying proportions. Mr. Sherwood's long con- 
nection with the bnsiness has made him famiHar with every phase thereof. He 
knows botany from both the practical and scientific standpoints and is acquainted 
with the most modern methods of plant production. He has studied the effect of 
soil and climatic conditions and there are few men better informed concerning the 
best methods of plant production than Mr. Sherwood. 

In 1882 was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Sherwood and Miss Mary J. 
Huggins. also a native of England, and to them have been born three sons : Albert 
Charles ; Herbert William, who has charge of the store ; and Frank Huggins. The 
oldest and youngest sons are also associated with their father in the conduct of 
the business and have been thoroughly trained therein. The firm is today one of 
the foremost in its line in this part of the state. 

Mr. Sherwood is a member of the Masonic fraternity and of the Eastern 
Star. He also has membership with the Maccabees, the Tribe of Ben Hur, the 
Fraternal Union and the Sons of St. George. While he retains a deep love for 
his native land, he is still more deeply attached to the land of his adoption and he 
has never had occasion to regret his determination to come to the new world, for 
here he has found the business opportunities which he sought and in their utiliza- 
tion has gradually worked his way upward. Ability and merit will come to the 
front anywhere and it is these qualities which have established Charles Sherwood 
as a leading representative of the florist's business in Waterloo. 



JAMES E. DEMPSTER. 

James E. Dempster, United States commissioner and secretary of the Home 
Building & Loan Association of Waterloo, of which city he has been a resident for 
eight years, was born in Fayette county, Iowa, in 1867. There he was reared and 
educated, attending the public schools and also the Upper Iowa University at 
Fayette. He early took up the occupation of farming, which he followed con- 
tinuously until about twenty-nine years of age. when he was called to public office, 
being elected auditor of Fayette county, in which position he made such a credit- 
able record during his first term that he was reelected and served for four years. 
He afterward became cashier of the First State Bank of Lesueur Center, Min- 
nesota, where he remained for five years, and in 1906 he arrived in Waterloo. For 
one year he was special agent for a fire insurance company, after which he engaged 
in the general insurance business on his own account. He also filled the office of 
justice of peace for four years and his decisions were strictly fair and impartial. 

On the 14th of July, 191 3, Mr. Dempster became secretary of the Home Build- 
ing & Loan Association and on the 22d of May, 1912, he was appointed United 
States commissioner for this section. His appointment found its justification not 
only in his ability but also in the fidelity which he had ever displayed in the dis- 
charge of official duties intrusted to him. His time is now divided between his 
official service and his duties in connection with the Home Building & Loan Asso- 
ciation. He is also secretary of the West Waterloo school board, apd he takes an 
active and helpful interest in many matters pertaining to the general good, cooper- 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 17 

ating heartily in all the plans and projects which are initiated for the upbuilding 
of the county and the advancement of civic standards. 

In March, 1889, Mr. Dempster was united in marriage to Miss Myrtle Smith, 
of Fayette county, and unto them have been born two children: John F., who is 
with the Firestone Tire & Rubber Company, with headquarters at Minneapolis, 
Minnesota; and James M., who is with the Young Coal Company of Waterloo. 
Mr. Dempster is an Episcopalian in religious faith, and he also has membership 
with the Masons and with the Modern Woodmen of America. He is ever true to 
his professions and loyal to every cause which he espouses and his well spent life 
has won him high regard. While he has been a resident of Waterloo for only 
eight years, he has been a resident of the state nearly all his life and Iowa finds in 
him a representative citizen, who in all of his public service has subordinated per- 
sonal aggrandizement to the general good. 



G. G. BICKLEY, M. D. 



The student of history cannot carry his investigations far into the annals of 
Black Hawk county without learning that the Bickley family has been long, closely 
and honorably identified therewith. It is of this family that Dr. G. G. Bickley is a 
representative. He was born in Waterloo in 1886 and is a son of Dr. G. G. Bick- 
ley, Sr., now deceased, who was one of the pioneer physicians of Waterloo, where 
he practiced continuously and successfully for many years. His ability in that 
direction and his efforts in other connections made him one of the most widelv 
known and prominent citizens of the county. He died October 30, 191 1; and in 
his passing the community lost one of its honored and representative citizens. 
His son and namesake was reared under the parental roof and received home 
training that tended to develop the best and strongest in him. His advantages 
for an education were those afforded by the public schools and ultimately he 
was graduated from the West Waterloo high school with the class of 1905. The 
succeeding two years were devoted to the mastery of a literary course in the 
University of Iowa and he then spent one year in study in the medical depart- 
ment of the State University. At the end of that time he entered Hahnemann 
Medical College of Chicago, from which he was graduated on the completion 
of the three years' course, receiving his diploma and his M. D. degree in 191 1. 
He afterward spent eighteen months in Chicago in connection with the Baptist 
Hospital and his experience there was of untold value to him, as it enabled him 
to put his theoretical knowledge to the practical test and to gain that broad 
experience which only hospital service can bring. 

Dr. Bickley returned to Waterloo in 1912 and has since engaged in general 
practice, forging forward constantly as the result of his ability, determination and 
laudable ambition. 

In 1914 Dr. Bickley was united in marriage to Miss Lois Evelyn Storm, a 
daughter of E. M. Storm, of Waterloo. Both are widely and favorably known in 
this city and county, genuine personal worth winning for them the confidence and 
good-will of all with whom they have come in contact. Dr. Bickley belongs to the 
Waterloo, Black Hawk County, Iowa State and Illinois State Homeopathic Med- 



18 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

ical Associations and he is a physician in attendance at the hospitals of this city. 
It is characteristic of him that what he undertakes he accomphshes and the more 
difficult the medical problem which confronts him the more anxious and deter- 
mined he is to gain a successful solution thereof. He is constantly reading along 
broadening lines and keeps in touch with the advanced thought and purpose of 
the medical profession. 



LOVANE S. PARSONS. 

Lovane S. Parsons, as proprietor of the L. S. Parsons Music House, is at the 
head of one of the most important commercial enterprises of Waterloo ; in fact, 
this business is the largest of its kind in this section of the state, having enjoyed a 
steady and substantial growth since it was established on the 5th of August. 1876, 
by him who is still the proprietor. 

Mr. Parsons is one of New England's native sons. He was born in Vermont in 
1852 and was reared and educated in the Green Mountain state. Upon attaining 
his majority he left home and went to Boston, where he remained for about two 
years, but at that time he heard the call of the west and made his way to Iowa in 
1876. He came at once to Waterloo and here embarked in the music trade but his 
first establishment bore little resemblance to the business of the present time, for 
at the outset he had but one organ and one piano. He has continued in the busi- 
ness now for over thirty-eight years and his trade has gradually increased. His 
store was originally located on East Fourth street, where he remained until 1902, 
when he erected his present large business block, forty by one hundred feet and 
three stories and basement. He occupies the entire building, conducting a large 
retail business, although he also sells to some extent to the wholesale trade and is 
represented by several agencies located in different towns in Iowa. He handles 
many of the standard makes of pianos and about one-third of the output is manu- 
factured especially for him with his name stamped thereon. He sells about one 
hundred thousand dollars' worth of instruments, mostly pianos, annually. The 
business has thus grown and the success of the enterprise is attributable entirely 
to the progressive methods and the close application and unflagging enterprise of 
Mr. Parsons. He is thoroughly acquainted with the music trade and long ex- 
perience has taught him how to purchase judiciously and sell with a fair profit. 
He has ever recognized the fact that satisfied patrons are the best advertisement 
and in trade circles he enjoys an unassailable reputation. He is also extensively 
interested in farm lands in Iowa and Texas and is the owner of much valuable 
city property, his investments having been most judiciously made. 

In 1878, Mr. Parsons was united in marriage to Miss Lillie Garrabrant, of 
Waterloo, who died December 29, 1893. They had one son, Harry O., who is 
now general manager of the music house. He was born in Waterloo in 1880, 
was reared in this city and completed his education as a student in the East 
Waterloo high school. He has been reared in the piano trade and is familiar 
with every phase of the business. He became his father's assistant at an early 
age and as the years passed on larger responsibilities were intrusted to him. 
On the nth of September, 1906, he was united in marriage to Miss Mathilda 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 19 

P. Myers, of Waterloo, and ■ they have become the parents of two children, 
Harry Otto and Virginia Myers. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, 
the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, the Knights of Pythias and the Fra- 
ternal Order of Eagles. He also belongs to the Commercial Club and Board 
of Trade and is popular in these dififerent organizations, exemplifying in his 
life the beneficent spirit that constitutes the basic element of these different 
fraternities. He is also a communicant of Christ Episcopal church. In busi- 
ness circles he is widely and favorably known and is one of the directors of the 
Waterloo Retail Merchants Association. 

L. S. Parsons was again married in 1896, Dr. Emma Dawson becoming his 
wife. She was one of the two doctors who owned the Waterloo Electric Cure 
and has attained high rank in her profession. She received her more specific 
literary education at the Western Normal College, Bushnell, Illinois. She then 
attended the medical school at Ann Arbor, Michigan, for two years and was 
graduated in medicine in 1890 from the Northwestern University. Mr. Parsons 
is a Knight Templar Mason and also a member of the Mystic Shrine. The 
principles which govern his conduct are further indicated in the fact that he is 
a member of the First Congregational church of Waterloo and belongs to the 
Commercial Club and Board of Trade and the Waterloo Retail Merchants 
Association, thus keeping in active touch with those efforts which are being 
made to extend the trade relations of the city and promote its affairs. The 
sterling integrity of his character has naturally gained for him the respect and 
confidence of his fellowmen. He is widely and favorably known throughout the 
county. The terms progress and patriotism might be considered the keynote of 
his character, for throughout his career he has labored for the improvement of 
every line of business or public interest with which he has been connected. He 
stands as an excellent representative of our best type of American manhood and 
chivalry. 



P. E. RITZ. 



P. E. Ritz, an attorney of Waterloo engaged in active practice in this city 
since 1913, was born at Sergeant Bluff, seven miles from Sioux City, Iowa, in 
1882. His father, P. E. Ritz, Sr., was also a native of that place, born in i860. 
He there carried on farming and is still living in that city, with the agricultural 
interests of which he has been identified from pioneer times. He is a son of 
John A. Ritz, who came from Pennsylvania and settled at Sergeant Bluff among 
the earliest residents of Iowa. At that time the Indians were more numerous than 
the white settlers and he had various experiences with the redmen. The prairies 
were covered with native grasses and the forests were uncut. Wild game of all 
kinds was to be had in abundance and there were also many wild animals, some 
of which were a menace to the live stock upon the farms. In addition to develop- 
ing his farm property, John A. Ritz assisted in building the Northv/estern Railroad 
from Sioux City to Omaha. 

P. E. Ritz, whose name introduces this review, spent his youthful days under 
the parental roof and after mastering the branches of learning taught in the lower 



20 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

grades of school he entered the high school of Sioux City, from which he was 
graduated with the class of 1902. He then entered the Iowa State University and 
won his Bachelor of Arts degree with the class of 1907. His broad literary learn- 
ing thus served as an excellent foundation upon which to rear the superstructure 
of professional knowledge. Deciding upon the practice of law as a life work, he 
began studying in the State University of Iowa and was admitted to the bar in 
1909. For three years he was principal of the commercial department of the East 
Waterioo high school and was the organizer of that department. He was after- 
ward made principal of the entire school and so continued for a year, but at the 
end of that time resigned his position to take up the practice of law, which he has 
since followed in all of the state and federal courts. He served as special assistant 
county attorney under W. P. Hoxie during the fall of 1913 and again in 1914. He 
has been connected with much important litigation tried in Waterloo and it is 
well known that he prepares his cases with great thoroughness and care, while in 
their presentation he is strong, cogent and logical. 

In 1908 Mr. Ritz was married to Miss Ora Iris Crozier, of North Liberty, 
Iowa, and they have two children, Russell Wesley and Robert E. The parents 
attend the First Presbyterian church and genuine personal worth has won for them 
the high regard of an extensive circle of friends. Mr. Ritz is a member of the 
Commercial Club and Board of Trade and he has been identified with many in- 
terests of worth in his city. He is a stockholder in the Chautauqua Association, is 
at present the secretary, and for four years acted as manager in planning and 
conducting the Chautauquas held here. He belongs to the Black Hawk County Bar 
Association and he enjoys the high regard and good- will of his fellow practi- 
tioners because of his close conformity to the highest ethical standards of the 
profession. His interest in all that pertains to the welfare of city and county is 
unabating and, while he holds to high ideals, he uses the most practical methods 
for their fulfilling. 



CLYDE ORRIN LAMSON. 

Clyde Orrin Lamson, a well known figure in real-estate circles in Waterloo, 
was born in Waverly, Iowa, February 5, 1873, a son of James and Cornelia F. 
(Davis) Lamson, who were natives of New York and of Iowa respectively. The 
father served as a soldier in the Ninth Iowa Volunteer Infantry during the Civil 
war, remaining at the front for three years, during which time he participated in 
the battles of Missionary Ridge, Lookout Mountain and other important engage- 
ments which led to the final victory that crowned the Union arms. He and his 
wife are now residents of Anamosa, Iowa, where they have many warm friends. 

Clyde O. Lamson spent his youthful days in Waverly and in Anamosa, Iowa, 
and after completing his public-school education won his diploma of graduation 
from the pharmaceutical department of the State University of Iowa with the 
class of 1894. He then came to Waterloo and entered the drug store of C. B. 
Henderson & Company as prescription clerk, occupying that position for two 
years. He then went to Hamptofi, Iowa, where he remained in a drug store for 
a year. On the expiration of that period he returned to Anamosa and estab- 



\bhk 






■riuof^ 



fOO 




HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 23 

lished a drug store on his own account. He conducted that business for two 
years and then came to Waterloo, where he established a real-estate office and has 
since engaged in that line of business. He has negotiated many important real- 
estate transfers and is one of the foremost real-estate men of the city. This does 
not cover the scope of his activities, however, for in the fall of 1914 he opened 
the Russell-Lamson Hotel of Waterloo, which he had erected and which is one 
of the finest in the west. It is thoroughly modern in every particular, equipped 
after the most improved style of hotel furnishings, and would be a credit to a 
much larger city. Important and extensive as are his business interests in con- 
nection with the management of the hotel and the conduct of his real-estate busi- 
ness, Mr. Lamson has still further interests, being connected with the J. S. Kemp 
Manufacturing Company, which was organized in Waterloo in 1903 as an addition 
to the original company in Newark Valley, New York. That business was pur- 
chased by Mr. Lamson and others and is continued for the distribution of fer- 
tilizers, by the International Harvester Company, who purchased the business at a 
good figure about 1908. The factory and main business, however, are at Waterloo 
and at this point an extensive trade is enjoyed. He also built the Russell-Lamson 
office building at the comer of Fourth and Commercial streets, which was the 
first office building in Waterloo equipped with elevator service. Mr. Lamson is 
both a forceful and resourceful man, ready to meet any emergency and capable of 
wisely directing his business afifairs to a successful completion. 

On the 28th of April, 1897, in Waterloo, Mr. Lamson was united in marriage 
to Miss Lillian Richards Russell, a daughter of Rensselaer Russell, who was 
born at Snowden, New York, in 1828, and in 1856 arrived in Waterloo. He was 
married in 1853, in his native state, to Miss Caroline M. Richards and they soon 
became widely and favorably known in social circles of Waterloo, while Mr. 
Russell made for himself a creditable place in business life. He was one of the 
first bankers of this city and was the owner of extensive landed possessions in 
Black Hawk county. His poHtical allegiance was given to the republican party 
and several times he was called to the office of alderman. He belonged to the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and to the Episcopal church, and his life 
was guided by high and honorable principles. It was his daughter Lillian who 
became the wife of Clyde O. Lamson and unto them have been born two children : 
Russell Orrin, whose natal day was October 6, 1899; ^^^ Maxine Russell, born 
February 26, 1904. 

The religious faith of the family is that of the Episcopal church and Mr. 
Lamson is senior warden of St. Martin's church of Waterloo. Since age con- 
ferred upon him the right of franchise he has voted with the republican party and 
has several times been called to pubHc office, serving for four years as a member 
of the city council of Waterloo, while for nine years he has been a member of 
the school board, acting as its president for four years of that time. The cause of 
education finds in him a stalwart champion and he has done effective work to 
further the interests of the schools in this locality. In Masonry he has taken the 
degrees of the Scottish Rite and of the Mystic Shrine and he also is a member of 
the Knights of Pythias. He belongs to the Country Club and is a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce, of which he became the first president and so continued 
for six years, doing much to shape the policy of that organization and broaden 
the scope of its usefulness. His life has indeed been a busy one, fraught with 

Vol. II— 2 



24 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

good results, both as to his own fortunes and to the public welfare. He has a 
wide acquaintance and wherever he is best known he is most honored and 
respected. 



JOHN P. BERRY. 



John P. Berry, superintendent of the Waterloo Waterworks, is a native of 
Canada, but when only five years of age was brought to this city by his parents, 
James and Mary (Pollard) Berry, both of whom were natives of England. They 
crossed the Atlantic to the new world in 1847 and after living in Canada for nine 
years came to Waterloo in 1856. The father was first employed in "the sawmill of 
Morrison & Wilson near the present site of the waterworks of Cedar Falls. He 
spent the greater part of his life from that time on in Black Hawk county and 
his last years were passed upon a farm which he owned in the vicinity of Hudson. 
There he died more than forty-four years ago. In politics he was a republican 
and was a well known citizen of early days, taking an active interest in all that 
pertained to the county's upbuilding and development. 

John P. Berry was born in 1850 in Canada and was reared in Black Hawk 
county and is indebted to its public-school system for the educational oppor- 
tunities which he enjoyed. He attended the district schools and also the Waterloo 
high school and began providing for his own support as a teacher in the schools 
of Black Hawk township, Grundy county. He afterward removed to western 
Iowa and later went to Dakota, but after one summer returned to Waterloo. He 
then married and took up his abode upon a farm, devoting two years to general 
agricultural pursuits. He then returned to the county seat and learned the ma- 
chinist's trade in the foundry and machine shop of W. S. Robinson, where he 
spent two years. He then became connected with the agricultural implement 
business of Brubaker & Cascade, spending two years with that firm, and on the 
ist of February, 1886, he entered into active connection with the waterworks 
department of the city as foreman, laying the mains and doing the construction 
work. When the present plant was built he was the second engineer and he has 
advanced through intermediate grades until more than twenty years ago he was 
made superintendent, which position he has filled continuously since with great 
credit to himself and to the benefit of the waterworks system and the satisfaction 
of the entire public. No greater evidence of his capability and efficiency could 
be given than the fact that he has been retained as superintendent for more than 
two decades and that his identification with the department covers twenty-eight 
years. He keeps in touch with improvements that are being continuously made 
in plants of this character and has made the waterworks plant thoroughly modern. 

In 1875 Mr. Berry was joined in wedlock to Miss Sarah Agnes Horn, of 
Waterloo, and they have seven children. Myrtle, the eldest, is the wife of 
George Gorson, superintendent of mail carriers in connection' with the Waterloo 
postoffice. Oscar, who married Miss Myrtle Alexander, has been connected with 
the Black Hawk Spice Company for about fifteen years. Fred V., who wedded 
Miss Culetta Seibert, has been with the Iowa Dairy Separator Company for thir- 
teen years. Claud C. is assistant cashier in the Security Savings Bank of Water- 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 25 

loo, with which he has been connected for seven years. Ray O. is in the 
advertising department of the Daily Courier. Loren J. is a sophomore in the high 
school. Pearl is the wife of Edwin Laughlin, of Cedar Rapids. 

Mr. Berry holds membership in the Commercial Club and Board of Trade. 
He is a Mason and is a past commander in the uniform rank of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows and has served for six years as a trustee of the lodge. 
His religious faith is indicated by his membership in the First Presbyterian 
church. He is serving on its board of trustees and as treasurer of the men's bible 
class, and he does everything in his power to advance the growth of the church 
and extend its influence. He also belongs to the Old Settlers Society, has been 
for three years a member of the executive board and may well be numbered 
among the honored pioneer residents of Waterloo, for he has made his home in 
Black Hawk county for fifty-eight years. He has therefore witnessed much of 
the city's growth and development as it has emerged from villagehood to become 
one of the great metropolitan centers of the state, its population fast approaching 
the fifty thousand mark. He is very widely known and is most highly esteemed 
where best known, a fact which indicates a well spent and honorable life. He is 
one to whom there has been intrusted important public service and over his 
record there falls no shadow of wrong or suspicion of evil. 



HERBERT BARBER BOIES. 

For twenty-four years Herbert Barber Boies has been engaged in the practice 
of law in Waterloo and his professional career has been marked by the steady 
advancement which is characteristic of the present age. He was born May 9, 1867, 
in the city which is still his place of residence, and is a son of the Hon. Horace 
and Versalia ( Barber) Boies, natives of the state of New York. 

After completing a public-school education in Waterloo Herbert B. Boies en- 
tered the State University at Iowa City and was a student for two years in the 
collegiate department and for two years in the law school. He was graduated in 
1891. He then returned home and began practice in Waterloo, where he has 
since remained. His success in a professional way afifords the best evidence of 
his capabilities in this line. He is a strong advocate with the jury and concise in 
his appeals before the court. He has a keen and logical mind, plus the business 
sense, and a ready capacity for hard work. Moreover, he brought to the starting 
point of his legal career certain rare gifts — eloquence of language and a strong 
personality. His thorough grasp of the law and the ability to correctly apply its 
principles are factors in his effectiveness as an advocate. 

Mr. Boies was married in Waterloo in 1898 to Miss May Carl, who died leav- 
ing one child, Addella. In 1909, in Sycamore, Illinois, Mr. Boies wedded Faith 
Hoyt. They attend the Congregational church, and Mr. Boies holds membership 
with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. 

His political allegiance has always been given to the democratic party, but 
he has never been a politician in the sense of office seeking, although well versed 
in the questions and issues of the day and interested in the success of his party, 
as he prefers to concentrate his efforts upon his profession, regarding the pur- 



26 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

suits of professional life as in themselves abundantly worthy of his best efforts. 
On the 3d of November, 1914, however, he was elected one of three district judges 
and polled the highest vote of all. He was a candidate on the nonpartisan ticket. 
There is no doubt in the minds of his many supporters that his record on the 
bench will be in harmony with his record as a man and a lawyer, distinguished by 
an unfaltering devotion to duty and by a masterful grasp of every problem pre- 
sented for solution. His is a natural discrimination as to legal ethics, and he is so 
thoroughly well read in the minutiae of the law that he is able to base his argu- 
ments upon thorough knowledge of and familiarity with precedents, and to present 
a case upon its merits, never failing to recognize the main point at issue and never 
neglecting to give a thorough preparation. His pleas have been characterized by a 
terse and decisive logic and a lucid presentation rather than by flights of oratory, 
and his power is the greater before court or jury from the fact that it is recog- 
nized that his aim is ever to secure justice and not to enshroud his cause in a 
sentimental garb or illusion which will thwart the principles of right and equity 
involved. 



J. W. RATH. 



J. W. Rath is president of The Rath Packing Company, Waterloo, an impor- 
tant enterprise which has featured largely in the business development of the city. 
With other important commercial concerns he is also identified and is one of the 
representative residents of Black Hawk county who well deserves mention in this 
volume. He was born in Hardin county, Iowa, in 1872, and comes of German 
ancestry. His father, John Rath, was born in Germany and about 1856 arrived 
in Iowa, settling in Dubuque. Subsequently he removed to Cedar Falls, Black 
Hawk county, and was living there at the time of the Civil war. In response to 
the country's need he enlisted in 1862 as a member of Company B, Thirty-first 
Iowa Regiment, with which he served for three years, or until the close of the war. 
He was fortunate in that he escaped wounds and injuries, but he lost a brother, 
George Rath, who was killed at the battle of Lookout Mountain. After the war 
John Rath returned to Iowa and was engaged in the lumber and grain business at 
Ackley, where he prospered as the years passed on as a result of his indefatigable 
industry and capable management. In 1881 he established the Exchange Bank at 
Ackley and continued there in the banking business until his death, which occurred 
June 20, 1914, being widely recognized as one of the leading and prominent busi- 
ness men of his town. 

J. \\' . Rath, whose name introduces this review, was born and reared in Ackley 
and pursued a public-school education there. Later he attended Bryant & Strat- 
ton's Business College of Chicago and on leaving that institution entered his 
brother's bank in Ackley. In 1891 he came to Waterloo, where he entered into 
connection with his present business, which, in March, 1891, was incorporated, 
his father, John Rath, being president ; A. Holzer, vice president, and E. F. Rath, 
secretary and treasurer. The present officers of the company are: J. W. Rath, 
president, and I'. J. Fowler, vice president, while E. F. Rath remains as secretary 
and treasurer. Their business is largely that of pork packing, but they are now 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 27 

developing the beef packing industry and during the summer of 1914 they erected 
one of the most complete beef packing establishments in the state. They are con- 
ducting an extensive business in their line, having the only packing house in Water- 
loo. Their enterprise also furnishes an excellent market to stock-raisers of this 
section. Their business is growing year by year, being already one of the most 
important productive enterprises of the city. Mr. Rath is likewise a director of the 
First National Bank and of the Waterloo Loan & Trust Company, a director of the 
Rath State Exchange Bank of Ackley and president of the Fifth Street Building 
Company. He finds delight in solving intricate business problems and his expand- 
ing powers have made him one of the foremost representatives of commercial 
activity in his city. 

Mr. Rath was married in 1895 to Miss Maud Harbin, of Waterloo, and they 
have two children, Anita Louise and Howard. The parents hold membership in 
the First Presbyterian church and Mr. Rath is serving on its board of trustees. 
He belongs to the Commercial Club, the Board of Trade and the Town Criers 
Club, and is a Knight Templar Mason. His political allegiance is given to the 
republican party and he is a member of the board of trustees of the Waterloo 
waterworks and has been a member of the city council for two terms. He was 
very active in the municipal ownership campaign that resulted in the city owning 
the water plant. He does all in his power to further public progress. He has 
ever felt a hearty concern for the public welfare and has been helpful in bring- 
ing about those purifying and wholesome reforms which have been gradually 
growing in the political, municipal and social life of the city. It is true that 
his chief life work has been that of a remarkably successful business man, but 
the range of his activities and the scope of his influence have reached far beyond 
this special field. He belongs to that class of men who wield a power which is 
all the more potent from the fact that it is moral rather than political and is 
exercised for the public weal rather than for personal ends. 



EDWARD L. ROHLF, M. D. 

Thorough college training and service as an interne qualified Dr. Edward L. 
Rohlf for the practice of his profession at Waterloo, where he located in 
August, 1901. Since that time he has advanced steadily in the path of his chosen 
calling and is today recognized as one of the able physicians of Black Hawk 
county. He was born in Davenport, Iowa, June 10, 1868, his parents being 
Amos H. and Dorothy (Schroeder) Rohlf, both of whom were natives of Ger- 
many and became residents of Iowa in childhood. The former was a farmer 
throughout the period of his active life. His father came to the United States 
and died at the age of seventy-nine years. 

Dr. Rohlf pursued his early education in the schools of Scott county, Iowa, 
and for a year was a student in the pharmaceutical department of Drake Uni- 
versity at Des Moines. He became a registered pharmacist and followed that 
pursuit for seven years. It was a logical step to the practice of medicine, for 
which he carefully prepared, supplementing private reading by a course in the 
Omaha Medical College, now the medical department of the State University of 



28 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Nebraska. He was graduated therefrom in 1900 and spent a year as interne in 
the Methodist Hospital at Omaha, gaining that broad practical experience and 
knowledge that only hospital practice can give. In August, 1901, he removed 
to Waterloo, opened an office and has since engaged in general practice, being 
accorded a liberal patronage. He is now secretary of the Presbyterian Hospital 
of Waterloo, which position he has occupied since the establishment of that 
institution. He has also been coroner of the county for a full term and a part 
of another. 

On the 9th of October, 1907, in Waterloo, Dr. Rohlf was married to Miss 
Luella Johnson and they have one son, Edward L. They are members of the 
Westminster Presbyterian church and Dr. Rohlf gives his political allegiance 
to the republican party, having indorsed its principles since becoming a voter. 
He is a Master Mason, an Odd Fellow, a Knight of Pythias and an Elk. He 
belongs to the Commercial Club of the west side and in strictly professional 
connections has membership with the Waterloo Medical Society, the Cedar 
Valley Medical Association, the Iowa State Medical Society and the American 
Medical Association. He is a man of pronounced ability in the field of his 
chosen calling because of his wide study, his broad experience and his humani- 
tarian principles, which prompt him to put forth zealous and conscientious 
effort on behalf of his patients. 



M. J. MORGAN. 



M. J. Morgan is the senior partner in the firm of Morgan & Sullivan, owning 
one of the leading clothing and men's furnishing goods establishments in Water- 
loo. He has been a resident of this city for but a comparatively brief period, 
arriving in November, 1910, but in the interim has become well established as 
an enterprising and progressive merchant, his life exemplifying modern business 
methods. He was born in Stark county, Ohio, in 1872, and was eleven years of 
age when his parents. Rev. John W. and Mary Morgan, removed to Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania, where he continued to reside until he reached the age of 
twenty years. He was then attracted by the opportunities of the growing west 
and made his way to Deadwood, South Dakota, where he was employed for some 
time in a store, remaining in the employ of others until 1902, when he formed a 
partnership with J. H. Sullivan, establishing the firm of Morgan & Sullivan, who 
conduct business as dealers in clothing and men's furnishing goods. They con- 
tinued the business at Deadwood until 1910, when they sold out there and came to 
Waterloo. Here they again embarked in business along the same line, opening a 
store at the old Bradley stand with an entire new stock of clothing and men's fur- 
nishings. Moreover, they supplied the store with new fixtures and now have one 
of the most attractive, modern and up-to-date estabHshments of Waterloo. Their 
business has steadily grown until they are now among the leaders in their line in 
the city. Their business methods are thoroughly reliable. They are straight- 
forward in all their dealings and this, combined with the excellence and attractive- 
ness of their stock, has won for them a large and profitable, trade. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 29 

In 1896, Mr. Morgan was united in marriage to Miss Adelaide Case, of Blairs- 
town, Iowa. He belongs to the Masonic fraternity and the rules which govern 
his conduct and shape his course in relation to his fellowmen are further indi- 
cated in the fact that he is a member of the First Congregational church. He 
belongs to the Chamber of Commerce and the Waterloo Club and he is one of 
the vice presidents of the Waterloo Retail Merchants Association. He exemplifies 
the modern spirit of the times in his trade relations. He studies every phase of 
the business and all conditions bearing upon the trade and he believes thoroughly 
in united efifort among the merchants to advance and upbuild the commercial 
welfare of the city. His has been an active, useful and well spent life and in 
Waterloo, as in the other districts where he has resided, he has gained many 
warm friends. 



F. C. STETZEL. 



The record of business enterprise in Black Hawk county would be incom- 
plete were there failure to make prominent reference to the Waterloo Skirt & 
Garment Company, of which F. C. Stetzel is the efficient secretary. He became 
a resident of Waterloo in June, 1900, but is an eastern man by birth, the place 
of his nativity being McEwensville, Pennsylvania, and his natal year 1869. He 
is a son of John and Fannie Stetzel, who removed with their family to the west 
when their son, F. C, was a lad of ten years. The family home was established 
at Colman, South Dakota, where he was reared and acquired his education by 
attending the public schools. He afterward took up the profession of teaching 
but, desirous to advance his own intellectual development, he afterward entered 
the Iowa State College of Agriculture at Ames, from which he was graduated 
with the Bachelor of Science degree in 1898. Still later he continued his studies 
in the University of Minnesota and through the winter months he engaged in 
teaching school. Afterward he matriculated in Drake University as a law student 
and was graduated from the law department of that school with the class of 1901. 

However, in 1900, Mr. Stetzel had entered the employ of the Waterloo Skirt 
& Garment Company as a traveling representative and has since continued in 
active connection with that business. After a time he became one of the stock- 
holders and in 1910 he was elected to the position of secretary and member of 
the board of directors. He has since had voice in the management of this grow- 
ing and important enterprise, of which R. E. Montague is the president and Guy 
N. See is treasurer. The steps in his orderly progression are easily discernible. 
He has made continuous advancement, actuated by a laudable ambition and un- 
faltering determination, and as he has progressed there have opened before him 
wider opportunities which he has utilized to full advantage. Aside from his con- 
nection with the Waterloo Skirt & Garment Company he is also interested with 
his brother in the Waterloo Office Supply Company and is a stockholder in the 
Black Hawk National Bank, with which he thus became connected on its organiza- 
tion. He is Hkewise interested in other business enterprises and is a young man 
of notably sound judgment, keen discrimination and indefatigable energy. 



30 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

In 1901 Mr. Stetzel was united in marriage to Miss. Pearl McWilliams, who 
won the degree of Bachelor of Science from the Iowa State College at Ames in 
1898, graduating with first honors in a class of eighty-six. She followed the 
profession of teaching in Iowa for six or eight terms and for a number of years 
was connected with the Waterloo & Cedar Falls Union Mill Company. Mr. and 
Mrs. Stetzel are members of the First Presbyterian church, in the work of which 
they have taken an active and helpful part, doing everything in their power to 
advance the growth of the church and extend its influence. 

Mr. Stetzel has served on the board of trustees and for a number of years 
was a teacher of the women's Bible class. He is also an exemplary representative 
of Masonry, in which he has attained the Knight Templar degree, exemplifying 
in his life the beneficent spirit of the craft, which recognizes the brotherhood of 
man. He belongs to that class who are constantly pushing forward the wheels 
of progress. Opportunity constantly plays before the dreamer as a will-of-the- 
wisp, but surrenders its prizes to the man of determination, energy and sound 
judgment. It is not by reason of any unusual qualities that Mr. Stetzel has 
worked his way upward but through the utilization of opportunities which others 
have passed heedlessly by. Industry has ever been his watchword and has led 
him constantly forward to the goal of success. 



HOMER HORATIO SEERLEY, LL. D. 

Dr. Homer Horatio Seerley, president of the Iowa State Teachers College 
at Cedar Falls, is one of the well known educators of the country, having long 
been prominently associated with the Iowa State Teachers Association and the 
National Educational Association. Moreover he has been honored with election 
to membership in the National Council of Education, which numbers but one 
hundred and twenty representatives. Life is to him purposeful and his efiforts 
are resultant, and various improvements in methods of teaching are directly 
traceable to his initiative and his labors, his influence being especially felt in 
the schools of Iowa. 

Dr. Seerley was born near Indianapolis. Indiana, August 13. 1848, a son of 
Thomas and Louisa Ann (Smith) Seerley. The father, who was born in Mary- 
land in 1821, was a representative of one of the families who colonized Maryland 
under the direction of Lord Baltimore. The mother, who was born in Liberty, 
Indiana, in 1826, was a member of a family of Rockingham county, \'irginia. 
Thomas Seerley went to Indiana by way of Pennsylvania when the city of Indian- 
apolis was a village and there he was united in marriage to Louisa Ann Smith, who 
accompanied her parents on their removal to Indiana's capital. Thomas Seerley 
devoted his life to the occupation of farming. In 1852 he removed with his family 
to Stark county, Illinois, and m 1854 went to Keokuk county, Iowa. 

Homer H. Seerley was but six years of age when the family arrived in this 
state, his childhood days being spent upon a farm near South English. His father, 
a pioneer settler of the state, engaged in teaching school through the winter months 
and also aided in the erection of schoolhouses and churches and in making other 
public improvements in the district in which he lived. The summer seasons were 




HOMER H. SEERLEY, LL. D. 



^STO'' 



1.6 



jO% 



..O*^* 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 33 

devoted to farming to the time of his retirement from active life, when he removed 
to Iowa City, there passing away in 1904. He never held a public office, save local 
positions such as a member of the school board and justice of the peace. He 
served, however, as an officer in the church and in the Masonic lodge acted as 
master of Naphthali Lodge, F. & A. M., at South English, Iowa, for twelve years. 
His widow survived him for a decade, passing away in Iowa City in 19 14. 

Following the removal of the family to Iowa Dr. Seerley became a pupil in 
the country schools, which he attended from 1854 until 1866. His secondary edu- 
cation was received in the preparatory department of the State LIniversity at Iowa 
City, which he entered as a freshman in 1869 and from which he was graduated 
with the Bachelor of Philosophy degree in the class of 1873. He received the 
degree of Bachelor of Didactics from the university in 1875, the Master's degree 
in 1876 and the degree of Doctor of Laws in 1901, the honorary degrees being 
conferred upon him in recognition of the high position to which he had attained 
in educational circles and his valuable contributions to the world's work along 
that line. Early in his professional career he became a high-school teacher in 
Oskaloosa, Iowa, accepting the position there in 1873. He had previously taught 
in the country schools for three years before completing his college course. He 
was made high-school principal at Oskaloosa in 1874 and the following year was 
chosen superintendent of the city schools there, remaining in that capacity until 
1886, when he was called to the presidency of the State Normal School at Cedar 
Falls and has since been retained as the incumbent in that position, covering a 
period of twenty-eight years. His power and ability have increased through the 
exercise of effort and his activities have reached out in a constantly broadening 
circle until he has left an indelible impress upon educational progress. He has 
been a member of the Iowa State Teachers Association since 1873 and in all the 
intervening years has never failed to attend its meetings. He is a member of its 
executive committee and was president in 1884. He has been a member of the 
National Educational Association since 1876 and in 1898 was made president 
of the Department of Normal Schools. In 1891 he became a member of the 
National Council of Education, a position of honor and distinction, inasmuch 
as the organization has but one hundred and twenty members in the United 
States. He is acquainted with many of the most eminent educators of America, 
who recognize in him a peer and one whose contributions to the profession have 
been of marked value. Since its organization he has been a member of the Board 
of Simplified Spelling of New York. 

In 1878 Dr. Seerley was united in marriage to Miss Clara E. Twaddle, of 
Oskaloosa, Iowa, and to them have been born the following named : Dr. Clement 
C, of Manhattan, Montana; Mrs. Claude E. CuUey, of Waterloo, Iowa; and 
Mrs. Atherton B. Clarke, of Cedar Rapids. 

Dr. Seerley is a member of the Congregational church of Cedar Falls and in 
Masonry has attained the degrees of the blue lodge, chapter and commandery. 
In connection with the great political, sociological and economic questions he 
keeps abreast with the best thinking men of the age and association with him 
means expansion and elevation. His profession has been to him more than a 
means of imparting knowledge. He has ever believed that the purpose of teach- 
ing is to develop capacity and has ever recognized the fact that it is in youth 
that the life of a man is marked out, his future course decided and his choice 



34 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

as to good or evil made. His efforts have accordingly been directed by a recog- 
nition of this truth and he has made the object of his life work the training of 
each individual to reach the highest perfection possible for him. 



GEORGE W. PETT. 



George W. Pett, a dealer in windmills, pumps and gasoline engines and also 
taking contracts for well drilling and similar work, is one of the old-time business 
men of Waterloo, having resided here for a third of a century. He was born in 
England in 1869, a son of George and Bertha Pett. He was four years of age 
when his father emigrated with his family to New Zealand, making the journey 
by way of Cape Horn. They were ninety-six days in completing the voyage, 
which was made upon a sailing vessel, and they landed in New Zealand, on 
North Island, where they remained for six years. There the father and his 
brother conducted a large farm of four hundred acres, but when six years had 
passed they sold their property in that country and returned to England by way 
of Australia, stopping for a short time in Melbourne. They continued the jour- 
ney by rail and through the Suez canal, being passengers on one of the first mail 
steamers to go through the canal. The return trip from New Zealand covered 
about forty-two days. The mother died in England, after which the father again 
left his native land and made his way to Canada, settling in Toronto, where he 
remained for about a year. On the expiration of that period he came to Waterloo, 
arriving about 1882. 

George W. Pett accompanied his father on his various removals and was a 
lad of about thirteen years when he arrived in Iowa. He retains vivid recollec- 
tions of many of his early experiences in connection with their travels. After 
reaching Black Hawk county he started out to make his own living and worked 
out as a farm hand in the vicinity of Waterloo until he was twenty-five years of 
age. He was then married and his last employer sold him a tract of land and 
loaned him the money with which to build a house. Mr. Pett then engaged in the 
dair>' business on a small scale, but gradually his patronage increased until he 
became one of the leading dairymen of this part of the state, milking fifty cows 
of his own beside buying milk from about seventy-five other cows. He thus 
enjoyed an extensive trade and was in the dairy business for about ten years, 
at the end of which time he sold out and came to W^aterloo. Through the suc- 
ceeding two years he lived largely retired on account of the condition of his 
health, but at the end of that time he bought a half interest in the Charles Burd 
drill business and about a year later purchased his partner's interest. From that 
time forward the business has steadily increased under the able management and 
direction of Mr, Pett until it is the largest concern of the kind in this section of 
the state. In 1910 he purchased the corner lot on West Fifth street and there 
has a building sixty by one hundred and twenty feet, which he occupies in the 
conduct of his business interests. He is a dealer in windmills and has sold two 
carloads during the last year. He also sells pumps and does pump fitting and 
well drilling. He also handles gasoline engines, wagons, elevators, barn cleaners, 
etc. He is now building an addition to his present quarters and doubling his 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 35 

capacity. He employs six men regularly and others as they are needed. The 
property which he purchased for seven thousand dollars has trebled in value and 
his business is a most important enterprise, the annual sales now reaching a large 
fig-ure. Mr. Pett is likewise interested in other business concerns and is a man of 
sound judgment and keen sagacity. 

On Christmas eve of 1894 was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Pett and Miss 
Caroline Litchford, who was also a native of that section of England in which 
her husband was born. They have two living children, Bertha Gladys and Charles 
William. Mr. Pett and his family are members of the First Baptist church and 
he is serving as one of its trustees. Its teachings find exemplification in his life 
and his career has ever been an upright and honorable one. His activity in busi- 
ness has not only contributed to his individual success, but has also been an 
active factor in the commercial development of Waterloo. His interests are 
thoroughly identified with those of the city and at all times he is ready to lend 
his aid and cooperation to any movement calculated to benefit this section of the 
country or advance its wonderful development. By perseverance, determination 
and honorable eflrort he has overthrown the obstacles which have barred his path 
to success and has reached the goal of prosperity. 



JAMES I. KENYON. 



James I. Kenyon is an active member of the bar of Waterloo, where he has 
practiced since September, 1909, and is also secret.ary and general manager of 
the Galloway Investment Company. He was born in Adel, Dallas county, Iowa, 
in 1885, a son of I. A. Kenyon, of Waukee, Iowa, who removed to Dallas county 
more than thirty-five years ago and at the present time is engaged in general 
merchandising in that county. 

James I. Kenyon supplemented a public-school education by study in Drake 
University at Des Moines and, completing the law course, was graduated with 
the class of 1908. He then further continued his studies in Yale University in 
the scholastic year of 1908-9 and in September of the latter year came to Water- 
loo. Here he entered into partnership with James S. Barr for the practice of 
law, that connection continuing until August, 1910, since which time he has prac- 
ticed alone, with office in the Black Hawk building. He continues in general 
practice and has made an excellent record for one of his years. He throws him- 
self easily and naturally into the argument. There is no straining after effect. 
On the contrary, there is a precision and clearness in his statement that speaks 
a mind well trained in the school of close investigation and to which thorough 
reasoning has become habitual and easy. He has largely specialized in civil law 
and is now attorney for several well known corporations. He served as city 
attorney from 1912 until 1914 and he is a member of the County Bar Association. 
Aside from his law practice he has been associated with the Galloway Investment 
Company since August, 1910, and in August, 1912, he became its secretary and 

attorney. 

On the i8th of June, 1913, Mr. Kenyon was united in marriage to Miss May 
Belle Daniels, of Iowa F'alls, by whom he has one child, Elizabeth May. Mr. 



36 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Kenyon is a Knight Templar Mason and a Shriner, an Elk, a Knight of Pythias 
and an Odd Fellow. He also belongs to the Town Criers Club, the Chamber of 
Commerce and to the Waterloo Clul). His broad-mindedness keeps him in touch 
with the general interests of society and he has been active along various lines 
affecting the welfare and upbuilding of his city. He is now recognized as an 
energetic, enterprising business man and a capable lawyer, and in his profession 
he has won very favorable criticism for the careful and systematic methods which 
he has followed. 



THOMAS U. McMANUS, M. D. 

The tendency of the age is toward specialization. There are comparatively 
few representatives of professional life who attempt to master the various 
branches of the profession to which they incline, as the majority concentrate 
their efforts along a single line and thus gain superior ability in that field. This 
Dr. Thomas U. McManus has done, specializing in the treatment of the eye, ear, 
nose and throat. He is one of the native sons of Black Hawk county, his birth 
having occurred upon a farm on the 7th of August, 1872, a son of Thomas P. 
and Sarah (Rupp) McManus, the former a native of Knox county, Ohio, and 
the latter of Richmond county, Ohio. They became residents of Black Hawk 
county in 1867 and here the family has since been represented. The MciNIanus 
family is of Irish lineage. The father served as a soldier in the Civil war, going 
to the front in August, 1861, as a member of Company I, Twenty-seventh Illinois 
Infantry. He continued his residence in Black Hawk county from 1867 until his 
death, which occurred January 20, 1909. His widow survives and now makes her 
home at Hudson, Iowa. 

At the usual age Dr. McManus became a pupil in the district schools and at 
the age of sixteen entered the State Normal school, now called the Iowa State 
Teachers' College, at Cedar Falls, being there graduated with the class of 1893. 
He next entered Des Moines College at Des Moines, Iowa, and upon the com- 
pletion of a classical course won the Bachelor of Arts degree in 1895. In 1898 the 
Master of Arts degree was conferred upon him. He entered the College of Physi- 
cians & Surgeons of Chicago, now known as the medical department of the Univer- 
sity of Illinois, from which he was graduated in 1898. He first settled at Dunkerton, 
Black Hawk county, Iowa, but in 1899 he came to W^aterloo, where he continued 
in general practice until 1909. Since that time he has made a specialty of the 
treatment of diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat. He is an able physician, 
well versed in the departments of general practice and particularly skillful in his 
specialty. He reads broadly, thinks deeply and is conversant with the most im- 
proved methods of practice and the most advanced ideas concerning his chosen 
life work. From the beginning of his professional career he has embraced every 
opportunity to promote his efficiency and in 1903 took a post-graduate course in 
the New York Post-Graduate Medical College. In 1906 he returned to the same 
institution for further study and in 1909 was a student at the Chicago Eye, Ear, 
Nose & Throat College and Hospital, to which he returned for further work in 
1910. He was a member of the Iowa state board of health and the Iowa state 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 37 

board of medical examiners from 1909 to 1913 and was president in 1912-13 of 
the state board of medical examiners. He ranks with the leading members of 
his profession in the state and has been honored with the presidency of the 
Waterloo Medical Society and of the Black Hawk County Medical Society ; he is 
a member of the Iowa State Medical Association and the American Medical 
Association. 

On the 23d of August, 1898, at Hudson, Dr. McManus was united in 
marriage to Miss Mae B. Loonan, a daughter of Thomas Loonan, and they have 
one son, Thomas L. In his political views Dr. McManus is a republican but not 
an ofifice seeker, the only office he has ever filled being that of coroner of Black 
Hawk county for two terms, from 1903 until 1907. He belongs to the Commercial 
Club, is a Master Mason and a Baptist — associations which indicate much of 
the nature of his interests and the relations which govern his conduct. He is a 
broad-minded, progressive and public-spirited man. 



F. J. LANDGRAF. 



F. J. Landgraf is well known as a druggist of Waterloo, also as vice president 
of the Armstrong Manufacturing Company and as a director of the Security 
Savings Bank. The drug business is conducted under the firm name of Landgraf 
& Company and is one of the leading establishments of this character in Black 
Hawk county. For a third of a century Mr. Landgraf has lived in Waterloo and 
his many sterling traits of character have found recognition in the high regard 
and confidence of colleagues and contemporaries. He was born in Cedar Falls, 
Iowa, in 1869, a son of Thomas Landgraf, who arrived at that place in the early 
'50s. He was a pioneer in the merchant-tailoring business at Cedar Falls and 
there he continued active in business to the time of his death, winning a place 
among the leading residents of the city. 

F. J. Landgraf spent his youthful days in his parents' home and was graduated 
from the East Waterloo high school, wherein he completed his more specifically 
literary education. He afterward attended the College of Pharmacy in Phila- 
delphia and still later was graduated from the Northwestern College of Pharmacy 
in Chicago, thus receiving thorough scientific training in the business which he 
wished to make his life work. He afterward was employed for a year in Le Mars, 
Iowa, and on the expiration of that period came to Waterloo. He has since been 
connected with the drug trade of this city and in 1893 he embarked in business 
on his own account in the same room which he now occupies. His trade has in- 
creased year by year. His business methods have always been such as will bear 
the closest investigation and scrutiny and his energy and enterprise have enabled 
him to overcome all the difficulties and obstacles in his path. The drug house of 
Landgraf & Company is one of the most popular as well as one of the most ex- 
tensive establishments of its kind in the city. Its neat and tasteful arrangement 
renders it very attractive, while the honorable business methods of the firm com- 
mend it to the support of the public. 

Mr. Landgraf became identified with the manufacturing interests of Waterloo 
about twelve years ago and at the present time is vice president of the Armstrong 



:^8 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Manufacturing Company and is one of the oldest stockholders of that company. 
He is likewise a stockholder in the Commercial National Bank and a director of 
the Security Savings Bank. His investments have been judiciously made and have 
brought gratifying returns. For the last seven years Mr. Landgraf has also had 
charge of postal station No. i at Waterloo. 

In 1891 was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Landgraf and Miss Jennie \\'escott, 
of Wisconsin, and they are the parents of two children, Florence and Thomas. 
Mr. Landgraf is a Knight of Pythias and an Elk, and in Masonry he has attained 
the Knights Templar degree in Ascalon Commandery. Well defined purpose and 
laudable ambition have brought him success in business affairs, while attractive 
social qualities have gained for him the high regard of all with whom he has 
come in contact in other relations. 



ROY L. STETZEL. 



Roy L. Stetzel is manager of the ^^'aterloo Office Supply Company, a business 
that was established in 1909 by R. L. and F. C. Stetzel. They are conducting 
both a wholesale and retail business in office fixtures and supplies and also in 
stationery and the enterprise is enjoying a steady and substantial growth, which 
indicates the reliable business methods employed by the firm. During the eight 
years of his residence in Waterloo, Roy L. Stetzel has become widely and favor- 
ably known and his many substantial traits of character have gained him high 
regard. Pennsylvania numbers him among her native sons, his birth having 
occurred in McEwensville in 1878. During his early childhood his parents removed 
with their family to South Dakota, where the period of his youth was passed, 
while the public schools afforded him his educational privileges. 

After leaving school Mr. Stetzel was engaged in the drug and jewelry business 
in Colman, South Dakota, until he came to \\'aterloo in 1906. In that year he 
went upon the road as a traveling salesman for the Waterloo Skirt & Garment 
Company, with which he was thus connected until he and his brother, F. C. 
Stetzel, established the present business under the name of the Waterloo Office 
Supply Company. They are still joint owners, but Roy L. Stetzel acts as manager. 
In connection with the sale of office fixtures and supplies they have a bindery and 
printing department at No. 5i7>^ W^ater street, while their main office is at No. 18 
Bridge street. Both branches of their business are growing steadily and bringing 
to them a substantial and gratifying profit. 

In 1909 Mr. Stetzel was united in marriage to Miss Besse Herriott, of Elm- 
wood, Illinois, and to them have been born two children. Sidney W. and Ruth 
Herriott. The parents are members 01 the First Presbyterian church, taking an 
active interest in its work and contributing generously to its support. 

Mr. Stetzel is well known as a Mason and has attained the Knight Templar 
degree in Ascalon Commandery. Although born in the east, the greater part of 
his life has been spent on this side the Mississippi and he possesses the spirit of 
enterprise and progress which has been the dominant factor in the upbuilding of 
the west. In all of his business career determination has enabled him to over- 
come difficulties and obstacles and as a business man he is conspicuous among his 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 39 

associates, not only for his success, but for probity, fairness and the honorable 
methods which he has followed. In everything he has been eminently practical 
and this has been manifest not only in his business undertakings, but also in his 
social and private life. 



C. F. ALTSTADT. 



C. F. Altstadt is the president and manager of the Altstadt & Langlas Baking 
Company of Waterloo, which is conducting a wholesale and retail business, and 
which is the largest concern of the kind in Black Hawk county. The business 
has been in continuous existence for twelve years. Mr. Altstadt is a native of 
Iowa, his birth having occurred in Franklin county in 1875. There the period of 
his boyhood and youth was passed to the age of eighteen years, when he left Iowa 
and went to Texas, where he was engaged in the restaurant business. After a 
few years, however, he removed to this state and settled at Waverly, where he 
lived until he came to Waterloo in 1900. Throughout the intervening period he 
has been connected with the bakery business in this city and has been an active 
guiding spirit in the development of an enterprise that is today one of large pro- 
portions and constitutes a factor in the prosperity of the county. 

The Altstadt & Langlas Baking Company has a large plant at the corner of 
Mulberry and Elm streets, where it has a two-story brick building, the dimen- 
sions of the building being one hundred and thirty feet square. The daily 
capacity is about twenty-five thousand loaves of bread, two thousand pies and 
fifteen thousand dozen of cookies and other small goods. About fourteen thou- 
sand pounds of flour are used annually and there are about sixty employes. The^ 
company utilizes eight wagons and three auto trucks in delivery and ships its 
goods to about eighty dififerent towns and cities. The business was incorporated 
in 1906 and was capitalized for eighty thousand dollars, with Mr. Altstadt as the 
president and manager and Mr. Langlas as the secretary and treasurer. From the 
beginning the enterprise has grown and prospered and today the volume of busi- 
ness makes the Altstadt & Langlas Baking Company one of the most important 
manufacturing enterprises of Waterloo. In addition to his other interests Mr. 
Altstadt is a director of the German-American Life Insurance Company of 
Burlington. 

In 1902, Mr. Altstadt was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Langlas and 
they have become the parents of two children, Louis E. and Charlotte E. Mr. 
Altstadt belongs to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Commercial Club 
and Board of Trade, and he and his wife are members of the Evangelical church, 
in the work of which they take a most active and helpful interest. Mr. Altstadt 
is serving on the board of trustees of the church and he cooperates in many 
measures and movements for the uplift and benefit of humanity. He is now serv- 
ing as a member of the board of education of the East Waterloo schools. He is 
also a member of the board of trustees of the Western Old People's Home and 
is a member of the Board of Laymen's Missionary Movement. His life has ever 
been actuated by high and honorable principles and the ideals which he has cher- 
ished have found expression in practical efforts for their fulfillment. He is a man 



40 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

of broad sympathies and the poor and needy have found in him a friend. His Hfe 
has indeed been one of usefulness, not only on account of his business affairs, but 
also on account of -his recognition of the brotherhood of man and his efforts to 
ameliorate the hard conditions of life for the unfortunate. 



EMMONS JOHNSON. 



One who is a keen judge of human nature has said that Emmons Johnson "is 
one of the most prominent business men of Waterloo. He ranks at the top so- 
cially, financially and morally." It is not the province of biography to give voice 
to a man's modest estimate of himself and his accomplishments but rather to 
leave the record establishing his position to the consensus of public opinion, and 
judged in this light it is safe to characterize Emmons Johnson as one of the 
foremost citizens of Black Hawk county. He has been prominently identified 
with commercial interests of the state and for many years has been actively 
engaged in the banking business, being now president of the Leavitt & Johnson 
Trust Company and president of the Waterloo Savings Bank. He is almost an 
octogenarian yet remains an active factor in the business world. He was bom 
January 23, 1835, in Ellicottville, New York, a son of Elisha and Herma (Jewett) 
Johnson, the former a native of New York and the latter of Connecticut. The 
father also reached an advanced age, passing away in 1870. 

In early boyhood Emmons Johnson attended the schools of Ashford and Otto, 
New York, embracing every opportunity to acquire an education up to the time 
he reached the age of twenty-two or twenty-three years. For a time he was a 
student in academies at Springville and Fredonia, New York, and for one term 
attended Brown University at Providence, Rhode Island. Mr. Johnson was a 
young man of twenty-five years when he sought the opportunities of the growing 
west, making his way in i860 to W^aterloo, where he has spent most of the time 
since, although he made his home in Independence, Iowa, for a time, was also a 
resident of Evanston, Illinois, for a year and although from 1864 until 1870 he 
was engaged in the banking business in Waverly. Following his arrival here he 
became connected with the grain and lumber trades and was associated with C. A. 
Farwell in building the first grain elevator at Waterloo, which he afterward 
operated. He also conducted a grain business at Independence, Iowa, where he 
made his home for a few months, also owning the first elevator in that place. 
For a year he conducted a grain commission business in Chicago and was a mem- 
ber of the Chicago Board of Trade, making his home in Evanston during that 
period. Removing to Waverly in 1864, he there established the first bank in 
Bremer county, remaining its owner until 1870, when he sold out to a stock com- 
pany and returned to Waterloo to become a partner in the firm of Leavitt, Johnson 
&; Lusch, conducting a private banking business. After six years Mr. Lusch sold 
out to his partners and the firm continued as Leavitt & Johnson until 1898, when 
the business was reorganized into the Leavitt & Johnson National Bank. Although 
the name of Mr. Johnson is continued he is not connected with that institution 
at present. In 1902 he organized the Waterloo Savings Bank, in which he owns 
two-thirds of the stock. 





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EMMONS JOHNSON 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 43 

In 1891 the Leavitt & Johnson Trust Company was organized to conduct the 
farm loan department of the business which had formerly been carried on by the 
banking firm of Leavitt & Johnson, and to this Mr. Johnson has since devoted his 
time. In 1898 he purchased the entire interest of Mr. Leavitt in the trust com- 
pany and has since directed its affairs, which are in excellent condition, the volume 
of business having greatly increased under his care. The company does prob- 
ably the largest farm loan business in the state, having a large clientage in most 
of the counties of northwestern Iowa. In 1903 Mr. Johnson purchased stock 
in the First National Bank of Waverly to the amount of sixty-four hundred 
shares — nearly two-thirds of the stock. This bank is capitalized for one hundred 
thousand dollars and is the successor to the bank which Mr. Johnson established 
in Waverly in 1864. Every phase of the banking business is familiar to him and 
in the conduct of the Trust Company and of the Waterloo Savings Bank he has 
displayed sound judgment and unfaltering energy. He holds considerable real 
estate in Waterloo and his investments have always been judiciously made, 
bringing to him substantial success. He is a man of determined purpose, carry- 
ing forward to successful completion whatever he undertakes. He has displayed 
marked ability in combining and coordinating seemingly diverse elements into a 
unified and harmonious whole and his life record constitutes an example that 
might be profitably followed by many others, showing what may be accomplished 
when enterprise and energy point out the way. 

On the 27th of October, 1859, at Morrisville, New York, Mr. Johnson was 
united in marriage to Miss Lucy Leland, of that place, and they became the parents 
of six children : Elbert Leland, who is now vice president of the Leavitt & John- 
son Trust Company, president of the First National Bank of Waverly and vice 
president of the Waterloo Savings Bank, and who in 1914 was elected a director 
of the Federal Reserve Bank at Chicago; Lewis E., engineer for the bridge and 
construction department of the Pennsylvania Steel Company, at Steelton, Penn- 
sylvania ; Allan Jewett, who died at the age of eighteen months ; Marion L., now 
the widow of J. D. Easton ; Walter E., a resident of Nampa, Idaho, engaged in 
farming; and Alice Lucy, the wife of David H. McKee, of Des Moines. The wife 
and mother passed away in March, 1892. On the 28th of March, 1895, Mr. John- 
son married Mrs. Ella H. C. Kellogg, of Rochester, New York. 

Mr. Johnson holds membership with the Congregational church and also with 
the Masonic fraternity. His political allegiance was formerly given to the re- 
publican party but since the formation of the progressive party he has been a 
supporter of its principles. While living in Waverly he was elected state senator 
from Bremer county, continuing in that position until his removal to Waterloo, 
when he resigned. He has ever been deeply interested in the upbuilding and wel- 
fare of the community in which he makes his home and has generously contributed 
to many projects for the public good. Last year he gave Cornell College $29,000. 
His fellow townsmen, recognizing the wisdom of his judgment, do not hesitate 
to follow his example. It is seldom that one of his years remains so active in 
business, but old age need not necessarily suggest idleness or want of occupation. 
On the contrary there is an old age which grows stronger and broader mentally 
and morally as the years go by and yields out of its rich stores of wisdom and 
experience for the benefit of others. Such is the record of Mr. Johnson. Through- 
out his entire life he has never made engagements that he has not kept nor in- 

Vol. II— 3 



44 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

curred obligations that he has not met. Not only has he never taken any ad- 
vantage of those with whom he has transacted business, but it has never been 
hinted that in any matter he has ever consummated any trade to the hurt or dis- 
advantage of the other party. He is everywhere recognized as the soul of busi- 
ness integrity and honor and no citizen of Waterloo is held in higher esteem than 
Emmons Johnson, who since 1870 has been numbered among the bankers of 
the city. 



HUGH G. VAN PELT. 



Hugh G. Van Pelt is one of Iowa's best known men and his acquaintance and 
reputation extend throughout the United States and Canada. He is the secretary 
and general manager of the Dairy Cattle Congress, one of the most noted or- 
ganizations of the kind on the American continent. It owes its existence to Mr. 
Van Pelt, who planned and established the organization while he was dairy ex- 
pert for the state of Iowa. Important and extensive as have been his efforts in 
promoting the dairy interests of the country, he has also been active in other 
business connections and is now the president of the Shoemaker- Van Pelt-Mayne 
Company and vice president of the Fred L. Kimball Company. A modern philoso- 
pher has said: "Not the good that comes to us, but the good that comes to the 
world through us. is the measure of our success;" and judged by this standard, 
Mr. Van Pelt has been a most successful man, for his life work has been of almost 
inestimable value to others. He has a strong character and one that inspires con- 
fidence in his fellowmen, and he is capable of mature judgment of his own 
capacities and of the people and circumstances that make up his life contacts 
and experiences. 

A native son of Iowa, Mr. Van Pelt pursued his early education in the public 
schools and afterward entered the State Agricultural College, from which he was 
graduated with the class of 1903. He had charge of the American Jersey Cattle 
Club exhibit at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition at St. Louis, which was the 
winning herd in the butter production test at that great exposition. He after- 
ward had charge of the A. O. Auten farm at Jerseyville, Illinois, for a year and 
was then given charge of the Hartman herd at Columbus, Ohio. From there he 
was called to the Iowa Agricultural College and was made professor of the dairy 
husbandry department and manager of the state dairy farm, continuing in that 
connection from 1906 until 1909. In the latter year, the Iowa state legislature 
having made an appropriation to be used in the development of the dairy interests 
of the state, yir. Van Pelt was given charge of this work and while thus engaged 
he ran special dairy trains carrying dairy cattle and dairy products, together with 
expert lecturers, to practically every town of any size in Iowa that was located 
upon a railroad. He devoted three years to his duties in that position, since which 
time he has been prominently identified with the same line of work, lecturing at 
many dairy cattle shows and judging dairy stock in many of the largest cities of 
the United States and Canada. In fact, he is recognized as the superior of all 
others in this line on the American continent. He has made a close study of 
dairy stock and of every feature of the business and his opinions are everv where 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 45 

accepted as authority, so that today he is one of the foremost representatives of 
the dairy interests in all the country. Aside from this he has other important 
business connections and investments as the president of the Shoemaker-Van Pelt- 
Mayne Company and vice president of the Fred L. Kimball Company of Water- 
loo. The Fred L. Kimball Company publishes the National Dairy Publication, 
Kimball's Dairy Farmer, The Creamery Journal, The Milk Trade Journal and 
The Egg Reporter, papers which, as their names signify, are for the promotion 
of special business lines and which are national in character. 

In 1906, Mr. Van Pelt was united in marriage to Miss Stella Calhoon, of 
Indianola, Iowa. They have a wide acquaintance and their circle of friends is 
almost coextensive therewith. Mr. Van Pelt is a member of the Commercial 
Club and Board of Trade of Waterloo, of the Chamber of Commerce, the Water- 
loo Club and the Town Criers Club. In fact, he is one of the most progressive, 
enterprising residents of the city and is active in every plan and movement toward 
making a greater Waterloo and enhancing the opportunities of the state. 



WILLIAM L. FOSTER. 



Starting out in the business world on his own account at the age of fifteen 
years, William L. Foster is today a member of the firm of Ellis & Foster, con- 
ducting a successful and growing plumbing business in Waterloo. Industry, well 
defined and intelligently directed, has brought him to his present trade con- 
nections. He was born in Waverly, Iowa, on the 8th of December, 1872, a son 
of Floyd W. and Rebecca (Doyle) Foster. His paternal grandfather, Peter 
Foster, was of Pennsylvania-Dutch stock and in an early day in the development 
of this state came to Iowa, being among the first of the pioneer settlers of 
Waverly. He built the first mill above Waverly ever erected on the Cedar river 
and was otherwise identified with the early development of that section. Floyd 
W, Foster was a carpenter by trade and followed that occupation throughout his 
entire life, which was terminated in death in 1893, when he was fifty-five years 
of age. He was a member of Company G, Ninth Jowa Volunteer Infantry, was 
elected first lieutenant, served as captain of his company on the death of his 
captain and was himself wounded. His wife passed away November 15, 191 1, 
at the age of fifty-eight years. 

William L. Foster acquired a public-school education, but at the age of fifteen 
years started out to make his own way in the world by learning the tinner's trade. 
Subsequently he was employed in connection with the cigar business in Maquo- 
keta, Iowa, for three years, but after the outbreak of the Spanish-American war 
he enlisted for active service at the front and was made cjuartermaster sergeant 
of the Forty-ninth Regiment of Iowa Volunteer Infantry, which was on duty 
in Cuba. 

After the close of the war Mr. Foster was placed in charge of the corrals 
of the Gulf division of the army, serving in that capacity for six months. He 
then returned to Maquoketa, where for a year he conducted a restaurant. In 
1900 he came to Waterloo and in company with his brother-in-law, R. A. Ellis, 
established the plumbing firm of Ellis & Foster. In the intervening period to the 



46 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

present time, covering fourteen years, they have built up one of the largest plumb- 
ing establishments in Waterloo, having a very extensive and gratifying patronage. 
They employ expert workmen and at all times meet the demands of their patrons, 
while their honorable business dealing constitutes a substantial factor in their 
growing success. 

On the 1st of March, 1900, Mr. Foster was married to Miss Netta I. Mc- 
Donald, of Maquoketa. He belongs to Helmet Lodge, No. 6, K. P., and Waterloo 
Lodge, No. 290, B. P. O. E., and also to the Royal Arcanum. He is likewise a 
member of the Waterloo Commercial Club and in matters of general concern he 
manifests a public spirit, cooperating heartily in plans and measures for the good 
of the community. There have been no spectacular phases in his life record. 
On the contrary it is that of a man who has always followed along the even tenor 
of his way, finding in business conditions the incentive for his best efforts, and as 
the years have gone on he has gained a substantial measure of success. 



WALTER R. FRENCH. 



Walter R. French, with offices in the Commercial Bank building, is one of 
the younger representatives of the bar of Black Hawk county. He located for 
practice in Waterloo in 1912 and already has achieved a measure of success which 
many an older practitioner might well envy. He was born in the city which is 
still his home, a son of Wallace R. French, who came to Waterloo about thirty 
years ago and for a number of years was actively and successfully engaged in 
merchandising in this city, but is now living retired, enjoying in well earned rest 
the fruits of his former toil. Wallace French has taken a prominent part in the 
public affairs of city and county and his cooperation has been an element in public 
progress. He served on the board of aldermen for a number of years and as such 
did effective work in advancing the welfare of the city along civic lines. 

His son, Walter R. French, is indebted to the public-school system of Water- 
loo for his educational opportunities and after passing through the grades he con- 
tinued his course in the East Waterloo high school, from which he was graduated 
with the class of 1907. He then entered upon the liberal arts course at the North- 
western University at Evanston, Illinois, and returned to Iowa for professional 
training, being graduated from the law department of the State University with 
the class of 191 2. The same year he was admitted to the bar and has since 
practiced in all of the state and federal courts. His clientage is continually in- 
creasing in volume and importance and has already assumed gratifying propor- 
tions. He is a member of both the Black Hawk County and the Iowa State Bar 
Associations. 

Mr. French has also taken a somewhat prominent part in political affairs and 
as the nominee of the republican party was elected for the office of justice of 
the peace in East Waterloo township. He is a trustee of Black Hawk county for 
minor dependents under the new Employers' Liability and Workmen's Compensa- 
tion Act of the state and in all matters of citizenship he is deeply interested, feeling 
it the duty as well as the privilege of every man to exercise his right of franchise 
in support of the projects which he deems of greatest benefit to the common- 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 47 

wealth at large. He has frequently been a delegate to the county and state con- 
ventions of the republican party. Mr. French has membership with two college 
fraternities, the Sigma Chi and Theta Nu Epsilon. Locally he is connected with 
the Elks and with the Knights of Pythias, and his religious faith is evidenced in 
his attendance at Christ's Episcopal church. He belongs to the Commercial Club 
and Board of Trade and he is a member of the Town Criers Clubs. Having spent 
his entire life in this county he is widely known and the many sterling traits of 
character he has displayed have established him in the regard of his fellow 
townsmen. 



JOHN BERG. 



John Berg is the secretary and vice president of the B. W. Schuneman Com- 
pany, druggists, of Waterloo. He began preparation for the calling to which he 
now devotes his energies in his sixteenth year and one element of his success is 
undoubtedly the fact that he has never dissipated his energies, but has always 
continued in the line to which he directed his attention in early youth. He was 
born in Savanna, Illinois, on the loth of July, 1888, a son of Peter and Ida (Dahl) 
Berg, both of whom were natives of Germany, the former coming to the United 
States when a young man of twenty-four years, while the latter crossed the 
Atlantic when a maiden of sixteen summers. They were married in Clinton, 
Iowa. After coming to the new world Peter Berg first settled in Sabula, Iowa, 
in 1869 and there engaged in contracting and building, with which he was identi- 
fied throughout his active life. At the present, however, he is living retired in 
Waterloo, enjoying in well earned rest the fruits of his former toil. 

John Berg supplemented a public-school education by study in the Iowa State 
Teachers' College at Cedar Falls and in the Babcock School of Pharmacy at Des 
Moines, from which he was graduated with the class of 191 2. As early as his 
sixteenth year, however, he had taken up the study of pharmacy as a clerk in 
the store of the Pfeififer Company in Cedar Falls, remaining in that employ up 
to the time he entered the pharmaceutical school. Following his graduation he 
returned to Black Hawk county and for six months was employed in the east 
side store of the B. W. Schuneman Company in Waterloo. In December he 
purchased an interest in the business and was made vice president and secretary 
of the company, at which time he assumed the management of the west side store, 
over which he has since presided. He is thoroughly acquainted with every phase 
of the drug business and has made his establishment a popular one by reason 
of the attractive appearance of the place, the reasonable prices and the unfailing 
courtesy which he extends to his patrons. 

Mr. Berg is a member of Waterloo Lodge, No. 105, A. F. & A. M. ; Taber- 
nacle Chapter, No. 52, R. A. M. ; Waterloo Council, R. & S. M. ; Ascalon Com- 
mandery. No. 25, K. T. ; and El Kahir Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. He also 
belongs to the Lutheran church and in his religious and Masonic connections 
are found the rules which govern his conduct and which have won for him the 
high regard and confidence of his fellowmen. He is also a member of the 
Waterloo Commercial Club and the Town Criers Club, and he gives his political 



48 ' HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

allegiance to the republican parly. His life has been one of intense activity, in- 
telligently directed, and he has found in the faithful performance of each day's 
duties inspiration and strength for the efforts of the succeeding day. He is alert, 
energetic and determined and as the years have passed has won a substantial 
measure of success, occupying a prominent place among the druggists of 
Waterloo. 



RUPERT L. PARKER. 



Rupert L. Parker is the president of the Colby-Parker Transfer Line, in which 
connection he is conducting the leading business of the kind in Waterloo. He 
has been a resident of this city for seven years, arriving in 1907, and within that 
period has won for himself a creditable name and place in business circles. A 
native of New York, his birth occurred in Cattaraugus county on the 226. of Feb- 
ruary, 1878, and at the age of ten years he accompanied his parents, Elliott and 
Rosethalia Parker, to the middle west. They settled in Decorah, Iowa, and there 
Rupert L. Parker was reared and acquired his education as a public-school student. 
He continued to make his home in Decorah until he had reached the age of twenty- 
nine years, when he came to Waterloo. Previously he had engaged in dealing in 
standard bred horses, which he handled and trained successfully. On coming to 
Waterloo he formed a partnership with Charles H. Colby and bought out the 
Stewart Transfer Line, establishing the Colby-Parker Transfer Line. From the 
beginning the enterprise has proven a growing and profitable one and they now 
own and control the most extensive business of the kind in Waterloo, using forty 
horses in teaming and contract work. They employ thirty men and their patron- 
age is steadily increasing, for they are ever found to be prompt and reliable, living 
up fully to their contract. Mr. Parker has also trained a number of horses since 
coming to Waterloo and is very successful in that work. 

In 1905 Mr. Parker was united in marriage to Miss Ruth James, of Fort 
Dodge, Iowa, by whom he has one daughter, Jane. The parents are members of 
St. Mark's Episcopal church and Mr. Parker is serving as one of the vestrymen. 
He is also connected with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. Industry and 
determination have been the basic elements of his business cai'eer and have 
brought to him a substantial measure of success as the years have gone by. 



MOSES RICKER. 



Moses Ricker was born at Winterport, ]\Iaine, September 25, 1837, and in his 
native state the period of his boyhood and youth was passed. Just before he had 
attained his majority he left New England for the Pacific coast, making the trip 
around Cape Horn to Marysville, California, where he entered the employ of 
Governor Lowe. Ambitious, however, to advance his individual interests, he 
went to the mining camps and for a time conducted business affairs at Virginia 
City and later at White Pine, Nevada, remaining in the two states until i86^ 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 49 

when he returned to the Atlantic coast and with the proceeds of his business 
successes in the west he embarked in the dry-goods trade in Boston in partner- 
ship with a brother. He also became connected with a commission business and 
after some years spent in Boston remained for a year in New York to further the 
interests of his commission business. His attention, however, was from time to 
time riveted on the west and south in recognition of the growing opportunities 
of those sections of the country, and in 1870 he went to Vicksburg, Mississippi, 
remaining three months, but not finding the business openings that he desired 
there, he came to Waterloo, where he made his home to the time of his death. 
He was first connected with the dry-goods business in this city, having brought a 
large stock of goods from Boston for that purpose and organizing the firm of 
Ricker, Russ & Company, which began business in a frame building. After a 
brief period the store and stock were destroyed by fire, but with undaunted pur- 
pose and unwavering resolution they started anew, this time occupying a brick 
building on the site of the First National ,Bank building. At dififerent times 
•removals were made in order to secure needed space and ultimately the firm of 
Ricker, Russ & Company extended the scope of their trade to include millinery 
as well as dry goods. 

In 1873, Mr. Ricker also entered into active connection with the lumber trade, 
purchasing the interest of the senior partner in the firm of AUee & Lindley, thus 
forming the firm of Ricker & Lindley. The association between them was con- 
tinued with mutual pleasure and profit until 1885, when Mr. Ricker purchased his 
partner's interest and continued alone until 1888, when he admitted Charles P. 
Bratnober to a partnership under the firm name of Ricker & Bratnober. He 
believed in the introduction of new ideas into an old established business and in 
selecting a young man to become a factor in the conduct of the lumber trade he 
had the prescience to choose wisely. Prosperity attended the new firm and the 
business of the house was extended in many directions. In 1893 it was> incor- 
porated as the Ricker & Bratnober Lumber Company and W. M. Stewart, a 
young man thoroughly familiar with the lumber trade and of large business 
capacity, was admitted to a partnership. Later the retail business in Waterloo 
was abandoned, but the firm continued to sell to the retail trade through twenty- 
eight yards established in other towns. The lumber business of which Mr. Ricker 
was long the head first began to branch out in 1889, when the original outside 
yard was established. 

In addition to organizing the Ricker & Bratnober Lumber Company, Mr. 
Ricker was also instrumental in establishing the B. L. Willis Lumber Company, 
each organization having the same stockholders. They established and conducted 
not only the twenty-eight retail lumber yards in Iowa, but also engaged exten- 
sively in a wholesale lumber business and in the operation of sawmills. These 
firms began cutting lumber in the northern pineries in 1894 and greatly extended 
their sawmill operations, buying new tracts of timber lands through the suc- 
ceeding years, Mr. Ricker ever manifesting the deepest interest in that branch 
of the business. He also became a factor in other important industrial, commer- 
cial and financial enterprises of Waterloo as a stockholder, and there are few who 
have contributed in so large a measure to the business development of the city. 
Moreover, from the period of his early residence in California he was greatly 
attached to that state and watched its progress and rapid strides in population 



50 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

and prosperity. While engaged in business in Waterloo in partnership with 
Hervey Lindley they formulated the plan of founding a town in California and 
the now flourishing city of Whittier has resulted from their efforts, the initial 
step in that direction being made in 1886 or 1887. 

On the 14th of May, 1873, ^^- Ricker was united in marriage to Miss Jennie 
Conger, a daughter of Major Patrick Henry Conger, of Waterloo, and unto them 
were born three children : Two sons who died in infancy, and a daughter. Nina, 
who is now the wife of Lore Alford of the lilack Hawk Abstract Company of 
Waterloo. Only about two months before his death Mr. Ricker erected a fine 
residence in Waterloo and watched with interest the progress of the work as the 
building proceeded. For some years prior to his death it was Mr. Ricker's custom 
to escape the rigorous climate of Iowa by extended visits in California, Louisiana 
or Florida. He preferred the first named state, however, finding the greatest 
enjoyment in its sunshine, its fruits and its flowers. 

Mr. Ricker was a well known Mason, holding membership in the lodge, chapter 
and commandery. and when he passed away on the i6th of December, 1900, his 
funeral services were conducted by the Knights Templar. He was also a member 
of the Elks' lodge and of the Workmen and there was no more popular or honored 
man in those organizations. The most flourishing club ever organized in Water- 
loo was the result of his efforts in the direction of establishing a business men's 
association and furnishing quarters in which to meet. This is the Columbia Club, 
which was organized in 1891 and of which he became the first president. 



FRANCIS A. BRYANT. M. D. 

Dr. Francis A. Bryant, deceased, was for an extended period identified with 
the practice of medicine in Black Hawk county and the record which he left be- 
hind him as a man and a citizen is one well worthy of emulation. He was bom 
in Chesterfield. Massachusetts, January 6, 1826. a son of Martin and Nancy 
(Skiff) Bryant, both of whom were natives of Massachusetts. The son attended 
school in North Adams, Massachusetts, and then, determining upon the practice 
of medicine as a life work, became a pupil in a medical college at Worcester, 
Massachusetts, and also studied in Syracuse, New York. He entered upon the 
practice of his profession in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, and afterward removed to 
Wyoming, New York, where he remained for five years. In 1858 he came to 
Cedar Falls, where he followed his profession until his health failed him. Twenty 
years prior to his death he became an invalid, due to hard work and unfaltering 
devotion to his practice.. Locating here in pioneer times when the county was but 
sparsely settled, he would go on long drives through summer's heat and winter's 
cold, never sparing himself when he felt that a fellow creature needed him. His 
extreme exertion and devotion to his profession at length brought on nervous 
dyspepsia and terminated his life. 

On the 3d of January, 1847, Dr. Bryant was united in marriage to Miss Mary 
M. Hamion, who was born in Cheshire, Massachusetts, a daughter of Julius 
Caesar and Betsy (Barker) Harmon, who always remained residents of the east 




DR. FEANCIS A. BRYANT 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 53 

until called to their final home. Dr. and Mrs. Bryant had but one child, Vesta A. 
The father died September 4, 1910, and his wife passed away February 12, 191 1 
In politics Dr. Bryant was a stalwart republican, taking an active interest in 
the work of the party, and at one time served as mayor of Cedar Falls. He made 
such a creditable record in that position that he was three times elected to the 
office and in the exercise of his official prerogatives he largely promoted the wel- 
fare and upbuilding of the city. He also served as township trustee and as a 
member of the school board in the early days, and he attended the Congregational 
church. His life was ever upright and honorable and won for him the con- 
fidence, high regard and good will of all with whom he came in contact. 



HERMANN MILLER. 



Hermann Miller is the secretary and manager of the Iowa Manufacturers 
Fire Insurance Company of Waterloo, in which connection his efforts have been 
a contributing element to the substantial success won by the company. A native 
of Germany, he was born in 1861 and remained a resident of the fatherland 
until he reached the age of nineteen years, when he crossed the Atlantic to 
America. He had been educated in his native country and was engaged in mer- 
cantile pursuits there before making the voyage to the new world, having served 
a regular apprenticeship. On reaching the United States in 1880 he first took 
up his abode at Reinbeck, in Grundy county, where he was employed as a clerk 
in a store. 

In 1881, Mr. Miller arrived in Waterloo and was associated with the firm 
of J. G. Hoff & Sons as a clerk for four years. He was afterward in charge of 
their store in Reinbeck, a fact which indicates that he enjoyed the unqualified 
confidence and regard of the firm. He then engaged in the insurance business 
and soon afterward left the mercantile field and devoted his time to the upbuild- 
ing and development of his insurance interests. He became one of the organizers 
of the Iowa Manufacturers Fire Insurance Company, which was incorporated 
with a capital stock of one hundred thousand dollars, and their assets are now 
nearly two hundred thousand dollars. The officers of the company are : W. W. 
Marsh, president; Hermann Miller, secretary and manager; and A. H. Holt, 
treasurer. The business has been carefully planned and systematized and has 
been developed along the most modern lines. Each forward step in the insurance 
field has brought to Mr. Miller a wider outlook and his efforts have been directed 
by the highest business ethics, and his success is therefore well merited. 

In 1887, Mr. Miller was united in marriage to Miss Josie Akers, of Iowa, and 
they have become the parents of four sons: H. C, who is a member of the 
Miller-McCartney Insurance Agency at Waterloo; Max F., a student of archi- 
tectural engineering at the Illinois State University at Champaign; Milo H., who 
is studying agricultural engineering at Iowa State College at Ames; and Karl, 
a student in the Waterloo schools. The family are members of the Congregational 
church and in its teachings find the guiding motive of their actions. 

Mr. Miller gives his political allegiance to the democratic party and was a 
candidate for representative on that ticket. He is a member of the board of 



54 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

directors of the Chamber of Commerce, also has membership in the Waterloo 
Club, is an Elk, a Knight of Pythias and a Mason. He has never had occasion 
to regret his determination to come to the new world, for here he found the 
business opportunities which he sought and which are always open to an am- 
bitious, energetic young man. Gradually he has advanced through the wise use 
of his time and advantages and has been active in the upbuilding of what is today 
one of the important business enterprises of his adopted city. 



JOHN BARO. 

John Baro is now living retired in Waterloo, occupying a pleasant and attract- 
ive home at No. 408 Mulberry street. He was born in Germany in 1841 and came 
to the United States in 1856, settling with his parents on a farm in Illinois. He 
was a youth of fifteen when he crossed the Atlantic and, accordingly, he at once 
became an active factor in the farm work, assisting in the development and im- 
provement of the home place until 1869, when he came to Waterloo. Here he 
embarked in the brewing business, in which he continued for four or five years, 
and on the expiration of that period he conducted a bakery and restaurant. At 
two or three different periods he was engaged in the restaurant btisiness and in 
time became one of the prominent and substantial business men of the city. As 
the years went on his strenuous efiforts, close application and indefatigable energy 
brought to him a substantial measure of success and, with a handsome competence, 
he retired to private life to enjoy in well earned rest the fruits of his former 
toil, his property being more than sufficient to supply him with all of the comforts 
of life. 

Mr. Baro was married in 1882 to Miss Anne Friedl, of Waterloo, who has 
indeed been a faithful companion and helpmate on life's journey. They are mem- 
bers of St. Mary's Catholic church and contribute generously to its support. Mr. 
Baro was a member of the volunteer fire department of Waterloo for a number 
of years and in various other ways has been connected with the advancement of 
the city, its upbuilding and progress during the forty-five years he has here resided. 



GEORGE E. VIRDEN. 



Through constantly developing powers George E. Virden has won for him- 
self a creditable place in the manufacturing circles of Waterloo, being now presi- 
dent and manager of the Hawkeye Glove & Mitten Company, which will shortly 
be reorganized as the United Glove & Mitten Company with J. I'.. Holz, presi- 
dent; Andrew Westberg, vice president; and George E. Virden, secretary and 
treasurer. He is a man of determined purpose and as the years have gone by 
has demonstrated his worth in the business world and won success. 

Mr. Virden was born in Mount Pleasant, Iowa, December 24, 1884, and there 
spent the days of his boyhood and youth, his education being acquired in the 
public schools of that city. On leaving school he embarked in the grocery busi- 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 55 

ness with his father, but in April, 1909, turned from mercantile to manufacturing 
interests and established the Mount Pleasant Glove Manufacturing Company. 
There he continued in business until May, 1913, when he removed to Waterloo 
and established the Hawkeye Glove & Mitten Company, which was incorporated 
with a capital stock of fifty thousand dollars. They have a well equipped plant, 
including the latest improved machinery for work of this character, and in the 
manufacture of leather and cotton gloves they turn out a large output which is 
widely shipped and which returns to them a substantial annual income. The 
officers of the company are: George E. Virden, president and manager; J. R. 
Hughes, of Mount Pleasant, vice president ; and W. F. Parrott, secretary and 
treasurer. Mr. A'^irden is a man of keen discrimination and sound judgment and 
in the conduct of the business instituted a policy which measures up to ttie highest 
standards of commercial honor. 

Mr. Virden is a member of the Masonic fraternity and belongs to the Mystic 
Shrine. He also has membership with the Knights of Pythias and the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, is a member of the Commercial Club and Board 
of Trade, and attends the Presbyterian church. The nature of his interests and 
•activities is thus indicated and it is the logical conclusion that he is guided in all 
that he does by a spirit of enterprise and progress. 



JAMES J. RAINBOW. 



James J. Rainbow, filling the position of county auditor of Black Hawk county 
for the seventh term, having been first elected in 1902, was born in Lima, New 
York, on the 24th of April, 1855, his parents being James and Eliza (Goody) 
Rainbow, both of whom were natives of England. They came to Iowa in 1856, 
settling at Iowa City, where they remained for twelve years and then took up 
their abode upon a farm in Iowa county, where they lived for eight years. On 
the expiration of that period they removed to a farm in Pottawattamie county, 
where their remaining days were passed, the father's death occurring in 1902, 
while his wife died in 1908. James Rainbow was just twenty-one years of age 
when he came to the United States about 185 1 and for more than a half century 
he continued a resident of this country, becoming a most patriotic, loyal American 
citizen. 

James J. Rainbow was only about a year old when brought to this state. He 
attended the schools of Iowa City to the age of twelve years and then had no 
further opportunity to advance his education until he reached the age of twenty- 
three years, when he became a student in the college at Malvern, Iowa, in which 
he spent several terms. Still later he attended the normal school in Iowa City 
and in 1881 he was graduated from the commercial college at Iowa City. In 
Pottawattamie county he engaged in teaching school and he also followed that 
profession to some extent after he came to Black Hawk county in 1889. He took 
up the occupation of farming in this county and through the winter months con- 
tinued his work as a teacher. In 1902 he was elected auditor of Black Hawk 
county and so excellent has been the record that he has made in this office that 
he has been reelected again and again until he is now serving for the seventh term 



56 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

and has never had opposition in his own party save on one occasion. He is 
prompt, faithful and reliable in the discharge of his official duties and is justly 
accounted one of the foremost representatives of the republican party in his section 
of the state. 

In March, 1889, in Pottawattamie county, Iowa, Mr. Rainbow was united in 
marriage to Miss Ida O. Knapp, by whom he has a daughter, Frances Willard. 
Fraternally Mr. Rainbow is connected with the Royal Arch Masons, the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks and the 
Modern Woodmen. He also has membership in the Commercial Club and his 
religious faith is evidenced by his membership in the Presbyterian church. His 
interests and activities have been along progressive lines and he has cooperated 
in many movements which have had direct bearing upon the welfare, progress 
and prosperity of the county in which he lives. He is widely known here as a 
representative citizen and has many warm friends. 



VIRGIL BLACKLEDGE. 

Virgil Blackledge is general agent for the northeastern part of the state of 
Iowa for the Union Central Life Insurance Company of Cincinnati and in this 
connection his well formulated plans, carefully executed, are bringing to him 
success and increasing the business of the corporation which he represents. He, 
was born in Newton, Jasper county, Iowa, on the i6th of July, 1875, and is a son 
of Oliver J. and Ernestine (Turck) Blackledge. The father was born in Indiana 
July 15, 1852, and was brought to Iowa by his parents in 1861. The mother was 
a native of Jasper county and her natal day was May 12, 1856. They were 
reared in Jasper county and were there married, and the mother passed away 
October 12, 1875. Oliver J. Blackledge early became familiar with the best 
methods of tilling the soil and caring for the crops and after he had attained his 
majority continued to engage in farming. Year by year he tilled his fields in 
Jasper county until 1899, when he sold his farm of two hundred acres and re- 
moved to Oregon, settling in Corvallis, where he judiciously reinvested his capi- 
tal and has won a substantial measure of prosperity. Since taking up his abode 
there he has been engaged in the furniture and undertaking business and is one 
of the city's well known, enterprising and successful business men. He is the 
father of four children, those besides our subject being; Zeller O., who died at 
the age of twenty-one; Thaddeus L., in business with his father in Oregon, and 
Janet A., at home. 

Virgil Blackledge was reared under the parental roof with the usual ex- 
periences and interests that constitute the life of the farm boy. He attended the 
public schools, dividing his time between the mastery of his studies, the pleasures 
of the playground and the work of the fields. As he neared manhood he felt 
no desire to change his occupation and continued to engage actively in farming 
until 1905, at which time his health became impaired, unfitting him for further 
heavy work on the farm. He then prepared himself for government service and 
went to Des Moines in order to take a civil service examination. While await- 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 57 

ing results he began selling life insurance and on his second day's work he 
secured his first policy, although the transaction was not closed until half past 
one in the morning. This spirit of indomitable perseverance has been the chief 
factor in making him the successful life insurance man that he is today and has 
been the chief element in winning him promotion until he has reached the im- 
portant and responsible position of general agent for the Union Central Life 
Insurance Company in northeastern Iowa. He has advanced steadily step by 
step, working his way upward from the bottom, and on the 4th of October, 1910, 
he was transferred from Newton to Waterloo to take his present position, in 
which connection he has given excellent satisfaction. He has carefully sys- 
tematized the work of his district, keeps in touch with the interests of the agents 
under him and is constantly broadening his plans for the benefit and develop- 
ment of the business. He ranks with the leading insurance men of his part of 
the state. 

On the i8th of January, 1898, Mr. Blackledge was united in marriage to 
Miss Bernice Tool, of Reasnor, Iowa, and unto them was bom a daughter, Lela. 
On the 4th of September, 1904, Mr. Blackledge was again married, his second 
union being with Miss Myrtle Hayes, also of Reasnor. This union has been 
blessed with six children, five daughters and one son, Ernestine, Imogene, June, 
Jesse v., Mary and Leah Maud. 

Mr. Blackledge holds membership in Newton Lodge, No. 59, A. F. & A. M., 
and his political allegiance is given to the republican party, which he has sup- 
ported continuously since age conferred upon him the right of franchise, be- 
lieving firmly that the principles of that party are most conducive to good 
government. Both Mr. and Mrs. Blackledge are members of the First Methodist 
Episcopal church and their many sterling traits of character have gained for 
them the high regard of Waterloo's best citizens although they have been resi- 
dents of Black Hawk county for but a brief period. 



S. J. HALL. 

S. J. Hall is identified with several of the leading business concerns of Water- 
loo and in all has demonstrated his possession of qualities which are indis- 
pensable in the attainment of success. He is at once a forceful and resourceful 
business man and his advancement is attributable entirely to his own efforts. He 
is the president and manager of the Waterloo Saddlery Company, secretary of 
the Waterloo Canning Company and treasurer of the Cement Machinery Com- 
pany. His residence in this city covers a period of thirty years and his activities 
have been a factor in the upbuilding of its citizenship along the lines of material 
advancement. 

Mr. Hall was born in the north of Ireland in 1862 and was twenty-one years 
of age when he crossed the Atlantic to the new world. He made his way at once 
to this city, where he embarked in the dry-goods business, in which he engaged 
for about eleven years. Thinking to broaden the scope of his activities and 
heighten his success through the conduct of other interests, he, with others, 
organized in 1895, the Waterloo Saddlery Company, which was incorporated with 



58 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

a capital stock of twenty-two thousand dollars. This has been increased from 
time to time until the present capitalization is one hundred and fifty thousand 
dollars. The officers at this time are: S. J. Hall, president; L. G. Adams, vice 
president; H. M. Reed, secretary; and L. E. Larsen, treasurer. They manu- 
facture harness, horse collars and pads and their business has grown to extensive 
and gratifying proportions. They built their present quarters on Sycamore street, 
where they have a building seventy by one hundred and twenty feet and four 
stories in height with basement. They occupy the entire building and employ 
about sixty-five people in the plant. Their trade now extends over northern and 
western Iowa, eastern South Dakota, Nebraska and southern Minnesota, and 
their patronage is growing year by year. Mr. Hall has also become connected 
with various other business interests. 

In 1887 occurred the marriage of ^Ir. Hall and Miss Sarah Derrick, a native 
of Canada, and they have become the parents of three children : Richard L., who 
is in the office of the Waterloo Saddlery- Company; Kathleen A. ; and Dorothy J. 
Mr. Hall is a member of the Universalist church. He also belongs to the Com- 
mercial Club and Board of Trade and is one of the directors of that organization. 
He holds membership in Helmet Lodge, K. P., and he is a very prominent Mason. 
He has attained the thirty-second degree of the Scottish Rite and is the present 
grand commander of the Knights Templar of Iowa. In this connection he is 
widely known throughout the state and honored wherever he is known. 

His business career is a notable one and worthy of emulation. Starting out 
in life without any vaulting ambition to accomplish something especially great or 
famous, he has followed the lead of his opportunities, doing as best he could any- 
thing that came to hand and seizing legitimate advantages as they arose. He has 
never hesitated to take a forward step when the way was open. Though content 
with what he attained as he went along he has always been ready to make an 
advance. Fortunate in possessing the ability and character that inspire con- 
fidence in others, the simple weight of his character and ability has carried him 
into important relations with large interests. 



CARL C. BICKLEY. M. D. 

Dr. Carl C. Bickley is one of the younger representatives of the medical pro- 
fession in Waterloo, but in practice proves himself the peer of many a man of 
older years and has gained considerable prominence as an obstetrician. He was 
born in 1882 in the city where he still resides and after completing the work of 
the grades continued his education in the Waterloo high school until graduated 
with the class of 1900, when eighteen years of age. The succeeding two years 
were spent as a student in the Iowa State Teachers' College at Cedar Falls and 
for four years he attended Hahnemann Medical College of Chicago, from which 
he was graduated with the class of 1906, having completed the regular course and 
thereby becoming well qualified for the practice of medicine. Still he was not 
satisfied and for nine months was a student in the University of Edinburgh, Scot- 
land, and for some months attended clinics in Vienna, Austria, where he did 
post-graduate work. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 59 

Thus having improved every possible opportunity to increase his knowledge 
and promote his efficiency, Dr. Bickley returned to his native country and in 
1907 opened an office in Waterloo, where he has since engaged in active practice. 
He is conducting a general practice, but makes a specialty of obstetrics and is 
well versed in that branch of the profession, reading broadly and thinking deeply 
along those lines, and at all times keeping in touch with the advanced work of the 
medical fraternity. He is attending physician and surgeon to the Presbyterian 
and the St. Francis hospitals of Waterloo and he is a member of the Waterloo 
Medical Society, the Black Hawk County Medical Society and the Iowa State 
Medical Society. 

In 1906, Dr. Bickley was united in marriage to Miss Daisy Franklin, a native 
of Elgin, Illinois, and they have become the parents of two children, Donald and 
Iktty. The parents are well known in Waterloo and the record of Dr. Bickley 
stands in contradistinction to the old adage that a prophet is never without honor 
save in his own country and among his own kin, for in the city where practically 
his entire life has been passed the Doctor has worked his way steadily upward 
and has attained a position of distinction, having passed beyond the ranks of the 
many until he now stands among the successful few. 



W. H. LANGLAS. 



W. H. Langlas, whose business career has ever been characterized by the 
rules which govern indefatigable industry and strict, unswerving integrity, is now 
the secretary and treasurer of the Altstadt & Langlas Baking Company, which, 
selling to a wholesale and retail trade, is conducting the largest enterprise of the 
kind in Waterloo. Mr. Langlas is a native son of the city in which he makes his 
home, his birth having here occurred in 1879. His father, Ludwig Langlas, was 
born in Germany in 1844 and after spending the period of his boyhood and youth 
in the fatherland bade adieu to friends and native country and sailed for America 
when a young man. He arrived in Waterloo about 1869 and here followed the 
wagonmaker's trade which he had previously learned in Germany. He was 
married in Waterloo to Miss Catherine Reimers, also a native of Germany, and 
for many years they continued residents of Black Hawk county, Mr. Langlas 
passing away in 1900 after thirty-one years spent in Waterloo. His widow sur- 
vived him for about eight years, dying in 1908. 

W. H. Langlas is one of the four living children of his father's family, the 
others being C. F., now a resident of Newark, New Jersey ; Elizabeth, the wife 
of C. F. Altstadt; and J. G., who is in Buford, Colorado. The subject of this 
review is the third in order of birth. He was reared and educated in Waterloo 
and after leaving school entered the dry-goods house of Weishaar & Fassig, with 
whom he remained for five years, his fidelity and capability being manifest in his 
long connection with that business. It was his desire, however, to engage in busi- 
ness on his own account that his efiforts might more directly benefit himself, and 
at the end of that time he joined C. F. Altstadt in organizing the present Altstadt 
& Langlas Baking Company. From the beginning the business has grown steadily 
and its trade connections now cover a wide territory, for the company sells to 



60 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY . 

eighty different towns and cities. It has a large plant, occupying a building one 
hundred and thirty feet square, which is splendidly equipped with all of the 
latest machinery for mixing, cutting and doing other work in connection with 
the bakery trade. The capacity of the mammoth ovens is twenty-five thousand 
loaves of bread, two thousand pies and fifteen thousand dozen of small goods 
daily. The excellence of the product has been the secret of the success of the 
company. Its goods have constituted a standard for other establishments of this 
character and the name of Altstadt & Langlas is a guarantee of quality. 

In January, 1904, Mr. Langlas was united in marriage to Miss Thursnelda 
Zellhoefer, and they have one son, Reimers Ludwig. Mr. Langlas is a member 
of Helmet Lodge, K. P., of the Town Criers Club and the Commercial Club and 
Board of Trade. He also has membership in the Emanuel Evangelical church. 
He is a self-made man, who, as the architect of his own fortune, has builded 
wisely and well. He possesses natural ability and his success in business since he 
started in his present line has been uniform and rapid. As has been truly remarked, 
after all that may be done for a man in the way of giving him early opportunities 
for obtaining the requirements which are sought in the schools and in books, he 
must essentially formulate, determine and give shape to his own character, and 
this is what Mr. Langlas has done. He has persevered in the pursuit of a per- 
sistent purpose and has gained a most satisfactory reward. 



P. H. PAULSEN. 



No history of the bar of Black Hawk county would be complete without ex- 
tended reference to P. H. Paulsen, who came to Waterloo in 191 1 and found in 
this growing and enterprising western city a splendid field for professional activity. 
He was born in Germany in 1872 and there spent the first sixteen years of his 
life. On crossing the Atlantic to America he located in Iowa, settling in the 
vicinity of Cedar Falls, where he engaged in farming. About three years after 
arriving here, when but eighteen years of age, he managed an eleven hundred 
acre farm in Grundy county, where he remained for several years. He was very 
successful as a farmer, but while he found that work congenial, he had a desire 
for a more advanced education, so he entered Cornell College, from which he 
was graduated as a member of the class of 1900, winning the Ph. B. degree. He 
then took up the profession of teaching and was superintendent of schools at 
Oxford Junction for three years. During that period and for some time prior 
thereto he devoted his vacations and the hours which are usually termed leisure 
to the study of law and successfully passed the required examination which won 
him admission to the Iowa bar in 1903. He then located at Estherville, where 
he practiced until 191 1, when he came to Waterloo, where he has since followed 
his profession. 

When he left Estherville the leading paper of the town spoke of him as 
follows : "Attorney P. H. Paulsen and his excellent family expect to leave in a 
few days for their new home in Waterloo. They have hosts of friends here who 
wish them well in their new home. Attorney Paulsen has been in the practice of 
law here for eight years and in that time has built up a wonderful practice. His 




p. H. PAULSEN 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 63 

practice has been principally in Emmet, Dickinson, Clay, Kossuth, Hamilton and 
Hardin counties. His success in the trial of his cases has been exceptional. We 
doubt if there is an attorney in northwestern Iowa who has had a more phenomenal 
success. In a material way his success stands almost alone. He still holds con- 
siderable land in the county, and leaves with friends galore. There is general 
regret among the people here to see him go, as he has been especially active in 
everything for the good of Estherville. No one could leave Estherville whose 
departure would be attended with more general regret. He will be greatly missed 
in the Methodist Episcopal church and the Knights of Pythias lodge, as in both 
of these organizations he was very active. Mr. Paulsen has invested heavily in 
Waterloo, and it goes without question that he will become prominently identified 
with the future growth and business of Waterloo and will take a leading place in 
the practice of law at that place. In moving from this place Estherville loses a 
good substantial citizen, and Waterloo gains a resident of whom she will be 
proud." 

The prediction concerning Waterloo has been fully realized, for the city recog- 
nizes his value along many lines. He is indeed an able member of the bar and 
since the beginning of his residence here he has been unusually prosperous in 
every respect. He possesses in an eminent degree the qualities which work for 
advancement in the legal profession and he is faithful to ever}^ interest com- 
mitted to his charge. Aside from his law practice he is largely interested in real 
estate and he is a stockholder in several business corporations and companies of 
Waterloo, where his sound judgment and cooperation are considered of great 
worth. 

In 1902, Mr. Paulsen was united in marriage to Miss Mabel Haven, of 
Charles City. Iowa, and they have become parents of three children : Mary 
Esther. Ruth and Haven. Mr. Paulsen holds membership with the Knights of 
Pythias, has passed through all of the chairs in the lodge and has been repre- 
sentative to the grand lodge. He and his wife are members of the Grace Metho- 
dist Episcopal church and he is serving on its board of trustees, taking a most 
active and helpful part in its work and doing all in his power to extend its in- 
fluence. He lives in a beautiful home which he erected on Prospect Hill and is 
most happy in the companionship of an interesting family. Whatsoever his 
hand finds to do, whether in his profession, in church connections or in any other 
sphere, he does with his might and with a deep sense of conscientious obligation. 



JAMES E. SEDGWICK. 

Honored and respected by all, there is no man who occupies a more enviable 
position in financial and business circles than does James E. Sedgwick, now presi- 
dent of the Leavitt & Johnson National Bank. His course has ever been one 
which would bear the closest investigation and scrutiny and at all times he has been 
actuated by a spirit of progress and advancement that has wrought excellent 
results for the institution with which he is connected and for the community at 
large. He was born at Moline, Illinois, June 4, 1854, a son of Theodore H. and 

Laura S. (Parsons) Sedgwick, both of whom were natives of the state of New 
Vol. 11—4 



64 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

York and in 1840 removed westward to Illinois. At the time of the Civil war 
the father became a private of the Ninety-fifth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, serv- 
ing for one year. He was engaged in the abstract business at Clinton, Iowa, at 
the time of his death, which occurred in 1902. 

James E. Sedgwick was a student in Grand Prairie Seminary at Oneida, Illi- 
nois, when his^ text-books were put aside at the age of sixteen years. Later, how- 
ever, he determined to prepare for the bar and studied law in Paxton, Illinois, 
being admitted to practice in 1881. The same year he came to Waterloo and at 
once entered upon the abstract business, in which he has since been successfully 
engaged, the firm being now incorporated under the name of the Sedgwick-Lichty 
Abstract Company. From the beginning of his residence in Waterloo he has been 
recognized as an enterprising business man, diligent and determined, making wise 
use of his time, talents and opportunities. In 1906 he was elected to the presi- 
dency of the Leavitt & Johnson National Bank and he is also president of the 
Farmers Loan & Trust Company. The high position which he occupies is not 
merely the result of his success but of his straightforward business methods and 
the honorable policy which he has ever pursued in all of his business dealings. 

On the loth of November, 1886, at Waterloo, Iowa, Mr. Sedgwick was united 
in marriage to Miss Carrie A. Cobb, by whom he has the following children : 
Helen A., Catharine J., Mary L., Theodore E. and Harriett E. Mr. Sedgwick 
gives his political allegiance to the republican party and has been active in its 
ranks. For fifteen years he served as alderman of Waterloo, exercising his official 
prerogatives in support of many progressive public measures which have had to 
do with the upbuilding and welfare of the city. He studies the needs and condi- 
tions of this growing metropoHs of Iowa and has done everything in his power to 
make the city what it is today — one of the most beautiful and progressive cities of 
the middle west. In Masonry he has attained the Knight Templar degree and 
has also crossed the sands of the desert with the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. 
He likewise belongs to the Knights of Pythias and the Benevolent Protective 
Order of Elks and he and his family attend the Congregational church. He be- 
longs to that class of men to whom success has come as the legitimate and direct 
result of energy intelligently directed. He has made each act count for the utmost 
and each step in his career has been a forward one, bringing him a broader out- 
look and wider opportunities. 



PERRY E. CANFIELD. 



Perry E. Canfield is the secretary and treasurer of the Canfield Lumber Com- 
pany, which was established in Waterloo in 1904 and has since been one of the 
growing business enterprises of the city. As an officer Perry E. Canfield has 
contributed largely to its success and his business record is such a one that 
Black Hawk county is proud to number him among her native sons. He was 
born on a farm in Lester township in 1871, a son of Samuel Canfield, now 
deceased, who came from his old home in the vicinity of Syracuse, New York, 
to Iowa about 1855 and cast in his lot with the early settlers of Black Hawk 
county. He established his home upon a farm in Lester township and there 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 65 

continued to reside for a considerable period, but afterward turned his attention 
to general merchandising in New Hartford, Butler county. His last days were 
spent in the home of his son Perry E. Canfield in Waterloo. His wife bore 
the maiden name of Harriett Wood and was a daughter of Enos Wood, one of 
the pioneer residents of this county. 

Perry E. Canfield was largely reared and educated in Black Hawk county 
and remained upon the home farm until twenty-eight years of age, gaining broad 
practical experience in the best methods of tilling the soil and caring for the " 
crops. He continued in agricultural life for several years after attaining his 
majority and then, thinking to find commercial pursuits more congenial, he went 
to Benson, where he opened a lumberyard, which he conducted for a year. On 
the expiration of that time He sold out, but again started in the lumber business at 
Dunkerton in 1902. After withdrawing from the lumber trade at Benson he 
again had charge of the farm, devoting three years to agricultural pursuits, giving 
much of his time to stock-raising and fattening stock for the market. He made 
large shipments and carefully and successfully directed his interests. In 1904 he 
came to Waterloo and organized the Canfield Lumber Company, which was 
incorporated with a capital stock of thirty thousand dollars with Lee Canfield, of 
Cedar Rapids, as president ; C. J. Schneck, of Waterloo, as vice president, and 
Perry E. Canfield as secretary and treasurer. The lumber business at Dunker- 
ton, however, was continued until the spring of 1914. The company also operated 
a yard at Winslow for about four years and later a kimberyard at Janesville, 
which was sold in August, 1914. At Waterloo business is conducted along 
both wholesale and retail lines. Their plant is the largest of the kind in the city, 
covering about ten acres of land on Falls avenue. Their lumber trade has now 
reached extensive proportions and they enjoy a gratifying patronage both whole- 
sale and retail. The members of the firm are thoroughly acquainted with the 
lumber trade in every particular, know how to purchase to good advantage and, 
selling at reasonable prices, have built up a business of large and gratifying 
proportions. 

The brothers who are partners in the .firm also operate the old homestead that 
their grandfather, Enos Wood, took up from the government about 1855. In 
addition to their lumber interests at Waterloo they also have a yard at Cedar 
Rapids, their business there being incorporated and capitalized for thirty thousand 
dollars under the style of the Lee Canfield Lumber Company, of which P. E. 
Canfield is the president with Lee Canfield as secretary, treasurer and local 
manager. They also own a lumberyard at Kenwood Park, condticted under the 
name of the Kenwood Lumber Company, which was incorporated for twenty 
thousand dollars. They are proprietors of another lumberyard at Iowa Falls, 
conducted under the style of Canfield & Company, with John A. Stewart as the 
local manager. Their lumber trade is thus extensive, covering a considerable 
area, and their enterprise is among the foremost of this character in western 
Iowa. Still further extending the scope of their activities, they have recently 
established an oil plant at Kenwood Park, where they have five large storage 
tanks, and William Armstrong is in charge of their business at that point. They 
were also instrumental in securing the establishment of the Kenwood Savings 
Bank and own a large share of its stock, while Lee Canfield is serving on the 
board of directors. 



66 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Both brothers are married. Lee Canfield wedded Miss Annie Paulger, who 
died leaving a daughter, Dorothy, and following her demise he wedded Miss 
Alice Ripka, by whom he has a daughter, Marvel. 

In 1907 Perry E. Canfield was united in marriage to Miss Annie Stewart. He 
belongs to Helmet Lodge. K. P., of Waterloo, is a member of the Chamber of 
Commerce, the Waterloo Club and the Town Criers Club. Lee Canfield is a 
Mason and is a member of the Commercial Club of Cedar Rapids. The brothers 
are indeed prominent and active factors in the business development of western 
Iowa. Their efiforts have been of far-reaching importance to the community as 
well as a source of individual profit. As the years have gone on they have won 
a most creditable place in commercial circles and may be numbered with the real 
upbuilders of the state, for the welfare of a community does not depend so much 
upon the machinery of government as upon the men who are controlling its busi- 
ness development. Waterloo has reason to be congratulated upon having in its 
midst such an enterprising, progressive and well balanced business man and citizen 
as Perry E. Canfield. 



DeWITT CLINTON HUNTOON. M. D. 

In the years of his connection with the medical profession of Waterloo, 
Dr. DeWitt Clinton Huntoon has built up an extensive and important practice, 
his ability and conscientious service being widely recognized by those in need 
of medical attention. Michigan claims him as a native son, his birth having 
occurred in Waterford on the 29th of October, 1873. his parents being Phineas 
and Susan (Bentley) Huntoon, the former a native of New York and the latter 
of Rhode Island. They lived for many years in the middle west, the father pass- 
ing away in 1903. having for five years survived his wife, who died in 1898. 
Dr. LIuntoon has one brother. Milton B., who is state telephone engineer of 
Michigan, and a sister, Alida E., the wife of the Hon. Samuel W. Smith, con- 
gressman from the sixth district of Michigan. 

Dr. Huntoon attended the Waterford and Pontiac (Mich.) public schools 
and afterward entered the Michigan State University at Ann Arbor, from which 
he was graduated with the class of 1897 with the Bachelor of Science degree. 
Determining upon the practice of medicine as a life work, he then entered the 
Rush Medical College of Chicago, in which he completed his course by graduation 
in 1903. He at once located for practice in that city but in 1905 removed to Water- 
loo, where he has since remained and in the intervening period of about ten years 
has built up a large and gratifying practice. He kee])s thoroughly informed 
concerning the latest investigation and researches of the profession and is in 
close touch with modern methods of treating disease. Moreover, he is both 
zealous and conscientious in the discharge of his professional duties and his 
worth in his chosen field is widely recognized. 

On the 4th of May, 1908. at ^lankato, Minnesota. Dr. Huntoon was joined 
in wedlock to Miss Marlys Kessey. by whom he has a son, Robert DeWitt. 
Dr. Huntoon has held but one public office, that of police commissioner, in which 
he served for six years. His political indorsement is always given to the repub- 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 67 

lican party. He has membership with the Elks, with the Commercial Club and 
with the Chamber of Commerce, and he and his family attend the Methodist 
Episcopal church. He also belongs to the Waterloo Medical Society, the Black 
Hawk County Medical Society and the Iowa State Medical Society. He is 
actuated in his professional career by a laudable ambition that has prompted wide 
reading and study and his success is well deserved. 



WIRT P. HOXIE. 



Wirt P. Hoxie, county attorney of Black Hawk county and an active and 
prominent member of the bar of Waterloo, was born in Barclay township on the 
27th of September, 1871, and is a representative of one of the old pioneer families 
of this part of the state. His father, Hiram B, Hoxie, was a native of New York 
and, removing to the west in 1868, cast in his lot with the earliest settlers of 
Black Hawk county. For seventeen years he lived upon a farm in Barclay town- 
ship, during which period he brought his fields to a high state of cultivation. In 
1888 he was elected county sheriff and made such an excellent record in office that 
he was reelected and again elected until he had filled the position for four terms 
of two years each and retired on the expiration of his eighth year with the confi- 
dence and regard of all law-abiding citizens. Following that period he became 
connected with the Waterloo Saddlery Company and was thus active in business 
until about 1900, when he became one of the organizers of the Waterloo Fruit & 
Commission Company, wholesale dealers in fruit. Of this company he is the 
treasurer and he has contributed much to its growing success. His long residence 
in the county ranks him among the pioneer settlers, while his business ability and 
enterprise and his public service have won him place among the leading citizens. 

Wirt P. Hoxie attended the public schools until graduated from the Waterloo 
high school with the class of 1890. He afterward devoted a year to a collegiate 
course in the University of Iowa and then entered upon the study of law, com- 
pleting his course in the law department of that institution with the class of 1897. 
He then located in Waterloo for the practice of his profession and for a number 
of years was associated with W. H. Brunn under the style of Hoxie & Brunn. 
In 1908 he was elected county attorney, was reelected in 1910 and in 1912 was 
again chosen to that position, so that he is now serving for the sixth year, having 
made a splendid record in office. He is also accorded a large clientage as a private 
practitioner of law and it is well known that he prepares his cases with great care 
and precision and is ever ready to meet not only the expected but also the unex- 
pected, which happens quite as frequently in the courts as out of them. While his 
devotion to his clients' interests is proverbial, he never forgets that he owes a 
still higher allegiance to the majesty of the law. 

In 1907 Mr. Hoxie was united in marriage to Miss Ruth Ling, who was a 
teacher in the schools of Waterloo. Theirs is a hospitable home whose good cheer 
is enjoyed by many. They hold membership in the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and Mr. Hoxie belongs also to the Masonic, Elks and Knights of Pythias lodges, 
to the teachings and fraternal spirit of which he is ever loyal. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Commercial Club and of the Board of Trade and takes an active and 



68 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

helpful part in furthering the material development of the county in which his 
entire life has been passed. He is indeed one of its well known residents and one 
of its most highly esteemed citizens. 



GEORGE B. MILLER. 



George B. Miller is the president of the Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company 
and as such is closely connected with one of the important productive industries 
of the city. He was born in Waterloo in 1872, a son of George W. Miller, a 
native of Pennsylvania, who came to Black Hawk county when there were only 
three or four houses in the county seat. He walked the entire distance from 
Dubuque to this county and after reaching his destination followed the profession 
of civil engineering, laying out and surveying nearly all of Waterloo and the 
adjacent territory. He became closely associated with the pioneer development 
of this section of the state and was a most prominent, valued and influential 
citizen. After following civil engineering for a time he turned his attention to 
manufacturing interests and later engaged extensively in real-estate dealing, 
owning a large amount of property in Waterloo and its vicinity. His judgment 
was sound and his investments therefore judiciously made, so that he derived a 
substantial income from his activity in the real-estate field. His death occurred 
about the year 1897 and in his passing Black Hawk county lost a representative 
citizen. 

George B. Miller was educated in the Waterloo high school and in the State 
University of Iowa, completing the course in the law department of that insti- 
tution with the class of 1894. He then practiced law for five years, after which 
he turned his attention to the manufacture of gasoline engines, in which he was 
associated with his brother and others, his brother managing the business. In 
1899 George B. Miller purchased his brother's and the others' interests in the 
factory and he has been in active management as president of the company for 
the past ten years. This is one of the most extensive and most important indus- 
tries of the city. The main building is one thousand by one hundred and twenty 
feet, there are two other buildings fifty by one hundred and twenty feet each, 
and the foundry is one hundred and sixty by six hundred feet. The concern 
employs on an average seven hundred workmen and the output is extensive. The 
company manufactures gas engines, traction engines, spreaders, cream separators 
and a number of smaller articles. The plant is splendidly equipped with all the 
latest improved machinery and the business is most carefully systematized, so 
that maximum results are achieved at a minimum expenditure of time, labor and 
material — which is the source of all business success. Mr. Miller as president of 
the company is bending his efforts to administrative direction and executive con- 
trol and his capability in correctly solving intricate business problems is manifest 
in his efficient management which is bringing to the company a most gratifying 
and substantial measure of prosperity. He is also interested in other business 
enterprises of importance in Waterloo and is the secretary of the Leavitt-Johnson- 
Miller Building Company. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 69 

In 1897 was celebrated the marriage of George B. Miller and Miss Myrtle L. 
Caldweld, a daughter of J. D. Caldweld. They now have one son, De Forrest, 
who is a high-school student in Waterloo. The parents are members of the 
First Methodist Episcopal church and Mr. Miller is serving as president of the 
board of trustees. He is a generous contributor to the support of the church 
and an active factor in various departments of its work. He also belongs to the 
Masonic fraternity, in which he has attained the Knight Templar degree, and in 
his life he exemplifies the beneficent spirit of the craft. He likewise has mem- 
bership with the Knights of Pythias and the Elks, and the nature of his interests 
is further indicated in the fact that he has membership in the Chamber of Com- 
merce, the Commercial Club and the Waterloo Club. His activity in business 
has not only contributed to his individual success but has also been a factor in 
the development of the city and he is now accounted one of the foremost resi- 
dents of Waterloo, controlling one of its most extensive and most important 
business enterprises. 



JAMES BLACK. 



James Black occupies a prominent position on the stage of business activity 
in Waterloo and at all times has played well his part. He is president of the 
James Black Dry Goods Company, which controls most extensive and important 
commercial interests, contributing to the welfare and prosperity of the community 
as well as to individual success inasmuch as it affords employment to a large force 
of salespeople. Mr. Black is a native of County Donegal, Ireland, bom in 1857, 
and is a son of William Alexander and Ann (Maltman) Black, also natives of 
Donegal, where they spent their entire lives. 

In the schools of his native county James Black pursued his education. He 
was thirty-five years of age when in 1892 he came to Waterloo and established a 
retail dry-goods store on East Fourth street with a capital of forty-five hundred 
dollars. He employed two clerks at that time and something of the growth of 
his business is indicated in the fact that he now gives employment to over three 
hundred people. In 1914 he erected and occupied a new building one hundred 
by one hundred and forty feet, eight stories in height with basement, and he now 
conducts a business amounting to one million dollars annually. This is incor- 
porated under the name of the James Black Dry Goods Company, of which he is 
the president. 

A contemporary biographer, writing of his commercial career, said : "He has 
an almost unlimited capacity for work and a complete conception of the demands 
of the pubUc. His establishment is as fully equipped with modern comforts and 
conveniences as any city emporium, while his very large and carefully selected 
stock is adapted to the demands of the most critical. Mr. Black has introduced 
many original ideas into his business, calculated to attract attention and secure 
confidence, but all in a legitimate way, for he is not only a big man physically, 
but he is big morally also, and it is his chief pride that his business has been built 
upon a foundation of commercial honesty. He is awake to all the possibilities of 
trade, understands when to buy and when to sell, as becomes a first-class business' 



70 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

man, and is at all times ready to meet competition. A marked feature of this 
establishment is the courtesy shown to purchasers from its genial head down to 
the humblest member of the force, and that this is appreciated is shown by the 
large returns from the business." Aside from his commercial interests Mr. Black 
is a director and the second vice president of the First National Bank of Waterloo 
and a director of the Waterloo Loan & Trust Company. 

On the 15th of September, 1892, in Marshalltown, Iowa, Mr. Black was united 
in marriage to Miss Anna M. Harper, by whom he has three children, namely: 
Anna J., Elizabeth M. and Margaret. The parents hold membership in the Pres- 
byterian church and are generous contributors to its support. Mr. Black votes 
wath the republican party and is thoroughly conversant with the leading questions 
and issues of the day but has had neither time nor inclination for public office. 
He holds membership in the Commercial Club and the Board of Trade and, while 
an extremely busy man, developing commercial interests of great importance, he 
always finds time to cooperate in plans and measures for the public good. He is 
notably prompt, energetic and reliable and seems to have a genius for devising 
the right thing at the right time, joined to everyday common sense and resistless 
will power. Those who meet him in either business or social relations find him 
genial and cordial. He holds friendship inviolable and in his life has proven the 
truth of the Emersonian philosophy that "the way to win a friend is to be one." 



AUSTIN BURT. 



Austin Burt, manager of the Citizens Gas & Electric Company of Waterloo, is 
a practical business man of sound judgment, forceful and resourceful. He was 
born in Detroit, Michigan, June 20, 1870, and is a son of Horace E. and Lillie 
( Higgins) Burt, who were natives of Michigan and of Massachusetts respectively. 
The family has been represented on American soil from almost the earliest period 
of settlement in this country, the emigrant ancestor being Richard Burt, who 
came from England in 1638. His great-great-grandson, Alvin Burt, was a soldier 
of the Revolutionary w^ar, enlisting from Massachusetts, and he was the great- 
great-grandfather of x\ustin Burt, of this review. In 1902 the parents of our 
subject came to Waterloo, where the father still makes his home, but the mother 
passed away in 1909. 

Reared in his native city, Austin Burt attended the public schools of Detroit 
and later was a student in the public schools of Black River Falls, Wisconsin, 
from which he was graduated with the class of 1890. He pursued his college 
course at Cornell University of Ithaca, New York, where he completed a Mechani- 
cal Engineering course, specializing electricity, and was graduated with the 
class of 1900. He then removed to Cedar Falls and secured a position in con- 
nection with the Electric Light Company, of which he was made manager in the 
month of December. He remained in that position for a year and a half and then 
came to his present connection with the Citizens Gas & Electric Company of 
Waterloo as superintendent, later becoming manager. He is thoroughly equipped 
by scientific training and practical experience for the duties which devolve upon 
him and his record is a thoroughly creditable one, for he has steadily advanced 




AUSTIN BUET 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 73 

in his chosen field and is today a foremost figure among the electrical engineers 
of the state. 

On the 1 8th of January, 1898, Mr. Burt was married at Cedar Falls, Iowa, to 
Miss Mary Ellen Bartlett, a daughter of Professor Moses W. Bartlett, now de- 
ceased, formerly of the Iowa Teachers' College of Cedar Falls. Mr. and Mrs. 
Burt have two children: Dorothy Irene, born in 1902; and Richard Bartlett, 
whose birth occurred in 1906. 

Mr. and Mrs. Burt are members of the Congregational church and are in- 
terested in the various plans and measures put forth for the benefit of the com- 
munity along material and social as well as moral lines. For seven years Mr. 
Burt served on the library board and for five years has been a member of the 
school board, acting in both positions at the present time. His political views 
are in accord with the principles of the republican party, while fraternally he is 
well known, being vice chancellor of Helmet Lodge, No. 109, K. P., a Master 
Mason and one of the Woodmen of the World. Formerly he was identified with 
the Elks, but is now demitted. He belongs to the Commercial Club and is presi- 
dent of the Bunker Hill Chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution at 
Waterloo. He is guided by a spirit of patriotism in all of his public connections. 
He has many sterling traits of character, but none more admirable than his de- 
votion to duty, which is manifest in his business life, in his church relations and 
in every field into which he has directed his activities. He is now serving as one 
of the trustees of the First Congregational church and he is a member of the 
Iowa Historical Society. He also has membership in the college fraternity, Phi 
Gamma Delta, and the college honor society, Sigma Xi. 

High honors have come to him along the path of his profession. In 1905 he 
was president of the Iowa Electrical Association and in 1907 was president of the 
Iowa District Gas Association. From 191 2 until 1914 he has been a director of 
the American Gas Institute of New York, which is a national association. He is 
likewise a member of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the 
American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Progress and patriotism might well 
be termed the keynote of his character. He neglects none of life's duties, is 
patient and persevering in their performance, and in all that he does is guided by 
high ideals. 



GEORGE W. DAWSON. 

Georee W. Dawson, member of the bar of Waterloo, was born in Butler 
county, Iowa, in 1864, a son of Edward Dawson, deceased, who was a native of 
England and in the year 1856 came to this state, settling in Butler county, where 
he engaged in farming and stock-raising throughout the remainder of his life. 
He brought his land to a high state of cultivation and carefully managed his 
business affairs. He married Catherine Fearns, a native of Ireland. 

Their son, George W. Dawson, pursued his early education in the public 
schools of his native county and afterward attended the University of Iowa and 
also taught school. He imparted readily and clearly to others the knowledge 
which he had acquired, but he regarded this merely as an initial step to other 



74 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

professional labor and afterward took up the study of law, being graduated from 
the law department of the University of Iowa with the class of 1887. He then 
located in Waterloo, opened an office and entered upon the practice of his pro- 
fession. With the exception of one year, which he spent as a partner of Judge 
M. F. Edwards, he has always been alone in practice and his success is therefore 
the direct result of his merit and ability. He practices in all the courts of the 
state and in the federal court and is a well known member of the county and of 
the state bar associations. He has marked strength of character combined with 
a thorough grasp of the law, and he has in large degree the rare ability of saying 
in a convincing way the right thing at the right time. His practice is now quite 
extensive and of an important character. Aside from his professional interests, 
Mr. Dawson is a stockholder in various business enterprises and projects which 
return to him a gratifying annual income. 

In 1890 was celebrated the marriage of George W. Dawson and Miss Ellen 
Swan, a daughter of Z. M. Swan, of Butler county, and they have become parents 
of two sons. Dale, now deceased, and Donald. Mr. Dawson holds membership 
in the Commercial Club and Board of Trade, of which he was secretary for a 
number of years, and as a public-spirited citizen he cooperates in many plans 
and measures for the general good, contributing largely to the upbuilding and 
improvement of town and county. He is well known in fraternal circles, holding 
membership in the lodge, chapter and commandery of the Masons, and he 
likewise has membership with the Knights of Pythias, the Elks and other 
organizations. 

In politics he is an active republican, recognized as one of the leaders of his 
party in Black Hawk county. He was elected and served as county attorney for 
eight years and he has been local attorney for the Illinois Central Railroad Com- 
pany for a similar period. Fle is interested in all that pertains to the public wel- 
fare and is remiss in no duty of citizenship, yet concentrates his efforts most 
largely upon his profession, and his legal learning, his analytical mind and the 
readiness with which he grasps the points in an argument combine to make hini 
one of the strong members of the Iowa bar. 



GEORGE N. GARRETTSON. 

George N. Garrettson is the vice president of the Iowa State Bank of Waterloo 
and through the entire period of his residence in this city has been connected with 
banking interests. He is a native of Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, and was there 
reared and educated, pursuing a public-school course of study. After putting aside 
his text-books he was connected with various lines of business before coming to 
Waterloo in 1899. Here he entered banking circles as an employe of the Com- 
mercial National Bank, with which fie was connected for four or five years, but 
wishing to have his efforts more directly benefit himself, he then joined with 
others in organizing the Iowa State Bank, of which he was cashier for a time. 
Later he was elected vice president and is now the second officer of the institu- 
tion. Its business policy has ever been a safe, conservative one which commends 
the bank to the patronage of the public, and as vice president Mr. Garrettson is 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 75 

active in carrying forward the business of the bank, which has been estabhshed 
on a safe basis and is enjoying continuous growth year by year. He is also one 
of the directors of the Iowa Manufacturers Fire Insurance Company and is con- 
nected with other business interests which contribute to the growth and up- 
building of the city as well as to individual success. 

In 1913 Mr. Garrettson was united in marriage to Miss Jessie Manson, of 
Waterloo. They attend the Presbyterian church and are widely known and 
popular in social circles of the city. Mr. Garrettson is also popular in Masonry 
as a Knight Templar and has membership in the Benevolent Protective Order of 
Elks. He also belongs to the Chamber of Commerce and to the Waterloo Club, 
and no plan or project for the upbuilding and benefit of the city and county 
seeks his aid in vain. He neglects no duty public or private and as the years 
have gone by he has become most firmly established in the regard and good-will 
of his fellow citizens. 



W. H. BRUNN. 



W. H. Brunn was born in 1873 in the city in which he yet makes his home, 
his father being D. H. Brunn, who came to Waterloo in the early '50s and cast 
in his lot with the pioneer settlers. He was a stationary engineer, spending the 
active years of his life at that work, but at the present time he is living retired. 
He realized the value and worth of education and gave to his son W. H. Brunn 
every possible advantage along that line. The latter was a pubHc-school pupil 
in W^aterloo and later entered Cornell College. His professional course was 
pursued in the law department of the Iowa State University, in which he won his 
LL. B. degree upon graduation with the class of 1897. He then practiced for 
two years at Reinbeck, Iowa, in partnership with W. N. Birdsall and in 1899 he 
came to Waterloo, where he entered into partnership with Wirt P. Hoxie, with 
whom he has since been associated, the firm of Hoxie & Brunn being today one 
of the strongest at the Black Flawk county bar. He practices in all the state and 
federal courts and is a member of the county bar association. The zeal with 
which he has devoted his energies to his profession, the careful regard evinced 
for the interests of his clients and an assiduous and unrelaxing attention to all 
the details of his cases have brought him a large business and made him very 
successful in its conduct. 

Aside from his law practice Mr. Brunn is the secretary of the Waterloo Build- 
ing & Loan Association and is financially connected with a number of the leading 
business and manufacturing interests of Waterloo — interests which contribute to 
public prosperity and progress as well as to individual success. In business affairs 
his judgment is sound, his sagacity keen and he readily discriminates between the 
essential and the nonessential. 

In 1900 Mr. Brunn was married to Miss Addie Felsing, and they have one 
daughter and one son, Ruth and Roger. The parents attend the Evangelical 
church and in social circles of the city occupy a prominent position. Mr. Brunn 
holds membership in the Waterloo Commercial Club and Board of Trade. He 
belongs also to the Masons, Elks, Odd Fellows and Knights of Pythias lodges 



76 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 



and in his life exemplifies the beneficent spirit which is the underlying principle 
of those organizations. He served as assistant county attorney for three years 
and is now secretary of the east side school district. His political allegiance has 
always been given to the republican party, but, while undoubtedly he is not with- 
out that honorable ambition which is so powerful and useful as an incentive to 
activity in public afi:'airs, he regards the pursuits of private life as being in them- 
selves abundantly worthy of his best efforts. His is a character that subordinates 
personal ambition to public good and seeks rather the benefit of others than the 
aggrandizement of self. 



HON. REA CARL THOMPSON. 

The Hon. Rea Carl Thompson, mayor of Waterloo, has been closely identi- 
fied with business, public and political interests in the city for a number of years 
and has risen to a place of prominence. His life record stands in contradistinc- 
tion to the old adage that a prophet is never without honor save in his own 
country, for he is a native son of the eity in which he has been called to the 
position of chief executive. He was born February 13, 1873, a son of John and 
Mary (Carl) Thompson, the former a native of Pennsylvania and the latter of 
Ohio. The family comes of Scotch ancestry, the great-grandfather having been 
a native of Scotland and the founder of the family in the new world. The Carl 
family is descended from ancestors from the north of Ireland. In the year 
1849 John Thompson removed westward to Iowa, settling in Linn county, and 
the same year, attracted by the gold discoveries in California, made his way to 
the Pacific coast, where he spent some time in a search for the precious metal. 
Following his return to Iowa he brought his family to Waterloo in 1852 and for 
many years he was head miller in a mill of this city. He also served for fifteen 
years as constable in Waterloo and his record as a business man and as an official 
is equally creditable. He passed away December 31, 1900, after a residence of 
about a half century in \\^aterloo, but his widow still survives and makes her 
home in this city. 

Rea C. Thompson attended the public schools of Waterloo to the age of fifteen 
years and afterward pursued a course in a business college of Waterloo, from 
which he was graduated. Subsequently he began learning the printer's trade and 
in 1901 he purchased the Guthrie County (la.) Republican, a weekly paper, 
which he conducted for about a year. He then sold out and returned to Waterloo, 
where he opened a job office, which he conducted from 1902 until 1904. He then 
disposed of that business and in the spring of 1905 was elected city clerk, which 
position he occupied continuously until 191 2, when he was chosen mayor of 
Waterloo. He made such an excellent record during his first term of service 
that he was reelected in 191 4 and is now the incumbent in that office. He was 
the first mayor elected from the west side and the first one to carry the entire 
ticket with him. He has proven a popular official because of the value and worth 
of his public service and his well known devotion to the public welfare. His 
administration is businesslike and progressive and has resulted in bringing about 
various needed reforms and improvements. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 77 

Mr. Thompson has a military chapter in his Hfe history inasmuch as he was 
a member of Company B, Forty-ninth Iowa National Guard, for five years, and 
served for three years as its first lieutenant. In this he followed in the footsteps 
of his father, who at the time of the Civil war joined the Union army and was 
a sergeant in a regiment of infantry, with which he participated in a number 
of hotly contested engagements. 

In his political views Rea C. Thompson has ever been a stalwart republican 
since age conferred upon him the right of franchise and he does everything in 
his power to promote the growth and insure the success of his party. Fraternally 
he is connected with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, with the Elks, the 
Moose and the Eagles, and he is also a member of the Town Criers Club and 
the Chamber of Commerce, being in hearty sympathy with their purpose to pro- 
mote the development, upbuilding and welfare of the city. He is widely and 
favorably known and has a circle of friends almost coextensive with the circle 
of his acquaintance. As he has been continuously in office for ten years, there is 
no reason to question the excellence of the record which he has made, that being 
self-evident. Many tangible evidences of his public spirit can be cited and he 
belongs to that class of patriotic American citizens who have ever made private 
interests subservient to the public good. 



lOHN G. RALSTON. 



John G. Ralston, of Waterloo, who has gained considerable prominence as 
an architect, was born in Benton county, Iowa, on the 3d of October, 1870, a son 
of James and Elizabeth (Graham) Ralston. Both of his parents were born near 
Madison, Indiana, and there the father engaged in the harness business. In 1868 
the family removed from the Hoosier state to Iowa and located at Vinton, Benton 
county, where the father continued in the same business and resided there until 
his death, which occurred in 1904. His widow now makes her home with the 
subject of this review. 

John G. Ralston was the fourth in order of birth in a family of eight children 
and, as his parents appreciated the value of good education, he received excellent 
advantages along that line. After attending the public schools of Benton county 
he was a student in Tilford Academy. On attaining his majority he learned the 
carpenter's trade, which he followed for five years and then engaged in the con- 
tracting business in connection with W. F. Murphy, of Waterloo, becoming a 
resident of this city in 1897. Mr. Murphy died in 1904 and since that time 
Mr. Ralston has conducted the business alone. In 1907 he began to design build- 
ings as well as erect them and one year later abandoned the contracting business 
and has since done architectural work exclusively. His experience as a carpenter 
and contractor has been of great aid to him in his later work, as it has enabled him 
to make his plans practical and to adapt them to the material to be used, the 
desired cost and other conditions. His ability has gained him wide recognition 
and clients come to him from all over Iowa as well as a number of other states. 
He devotes his entire time and attention to his rapidly growing business interests 
and the fact that he does not dissipate his energies over several fields of work is 



78 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

a potent factor in his success. He has invested to a considerable extent in real 
estate, buying valuable city property. 

Mr. Ralston was married in June, 1897, to Miss Gertrude Verharen, who was 
born in Rock Island, Illinois, and is a daughter of Henry and Tabitha (Sheriff) 
Verharen, natives of Germany and of Illinois respectively. Her father, who was 
an undertaker and furniture dealer, came to Iowa in the '70s and located at 
Vinton, where he established a profitable business. He passed away there in 
1904 and his widow now resides in Waterloo. He served in the Civil war in the 
Ninety-third Illinois Volunteers and was as patriotic in exercising his right of 
suffrage as upon the battlefields of the south. Mr. and Mrs. Ralston have two 
children : Glen E., who was born on the 30th of March, 1903 ; and Richard V., 
born on the i8th of March, 1908. Both children are in school. 

Mr. Ralston is a republican but has never aspired to ofiice, being content to 
leave to others the responsibilities of official position. He is a member of the 
Masonic order and has taken the Knights Templar degree in the York Rite, in 
which he has served as commander. He also belongs to the Mystic Shrine and 
has other fraternal connections, as he holds membership in the Knights of Pythias 
and the Moose. All who have been associated with Mr. Ralston, whether in 
business or social relations, have found him upright, courteous and kindly. 



H. O. KELLEY. 



H. O. Kelley is secretary of the Retail Merchants Association of Waterloo, in 
which connection he is doing important work to further the interests of the or- 
ganization and to promote the welfare of its members through the extension of 
the trade relations of the city. Thirteen years have come and gone since he 
arrived in Waterloo — a young man of twenty-seven years. He was born in 
Bureau county, Illinois, in 1874, and spent the period of his boyhood and youth 
in that state. His education was acquired in the public schools of Illinois and 
after leaving school he engaged in the drug business in his native state for about 
four years. Failing health obliged him to secure outdoor work and he came to 
Waterloo in 1901. He was then with the Rock Island until 1905, at which time 
he became traffic manager for the Iowa Dairy Manufacturing Company of 
Waterloo, remaining in active connection with that business for about eight years. 
On the 1st of January, 1913, he embarked in^the general commission business 
and on the ist of May, of the same year, he took charge of his present office 
as secretary of the Waterloo Retail Merchants Association. His previous 
varied experience, his study of conditions and the knowledge that he had acquired 
through reading and observation well qualified him for the work which he un- 
dertook in this connection and there is general satisfaction manifest concerning 
his efforts. 

In 1901 Mr. Kelley was united in marriage to Miss Katherine Shain, of 
La Harpe, Illinois. He belongs to Waterloo Lodge. No. 105, A. F. & A. M.. of 
which he is a past master, and he has membership in the Town Criers Club. 
Advancement has come to him along lines of increasing usefulness and he is 
today occupying a position of importance, for Waterloo is a growing, vigorous 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 79 

and aggressive city. Moreover, it is a recognized fact that efficiency is best 
promoted through organization and that expert knowledge of trade conditions 
must precede the greatest advancement. Mr. Kelley is qualified to meet all the 
requirements of his position and as secretary of the association is actively en- 
gaged in advancing the interests of the retail merchants of Waterloo. 



GEORGE ELVIN BICKLEY. 

George Elvin Bickley is general manager of the Corn Belt Telephone Com- 
pany at Waterloo and is one of the city's progressive and representative resi- 
dents. Along the path of industry and efficiency he has advanced to the plane 
of affluence and while carefully and systematically conducting his business aflfairs, 
actuated by laudable ambition, he has at the same time recognized and improved 
his opportunities. Mr. Bickley was born in Waterloo on the 19th of November, 
1874, and is a son of Samuel B. and Susanna (Klingaman) Bickley, the former a 
native of Westmoreland county and the latter of Somerset county, Pennsyl- 
vania. The father, however, was reared in Ohio from his third year and in 
1865 came to Waterloo, being then a young man. The same year Susanna 
Klingaman accompanied her parents on their removal to Waterloo, she being at 
that time a young woman of seventeen years. Mr. Bickley carried on general 
agricultural pursuits as a life work and as the years went on prospered in his 
undertaking, winning a substantial competence that now enables him to live 
retired. He makes his home in Waterloo, where he is enjoying a well earned 
rest, and his life, honorable and upright at all times, has won him the high 
regard of his fellow townsmen. 

George E. Bickley was reared at home and was educated in the city schools 
of Waterloo and the University of Wisconsin, where he pursued a special course 
in electrical engineering. Following the completion of his studies in 1895 he 
found employment with the Cedar Valley Telephone Company of Waterloo, in 
which connection he has steadily worked his way upward, and in 1898 he was 
made superintendent of the company. In 1901 he went west to Denver, Colo- 
rado, and accepted a position as inspector of the Colorado Bell Telephone Com- 
pany. One year later he was made wire chief, in which capacity he continued 
until 1907, when he returned to Waterloo to accept the superintendency of the 
plant department of the Corn Belt Telephone Company, formerly the Cedar 
Valley Telephone Company. In 1910 he was made superintendent of the plant 
as well as superintendent of the Cedar Rapids & Marion plants and in Septem- 
ber, 1913, he was further advanced to the position of general manager of the 
Corn Belt Telephone Company at the time of the consolidation of the various 
companies in this part of the state. He still holds a directorate in the Cedar 
Rapids & Marion Company as well as in the Corn Belt Company and he is 
likewise a director of the Home Building & Loan Company of Waterloo. He 
is familiar with every phase of the telephone business and his experience well 
qualifies him for the onerous and responsible duties which devolve upon him in 
this connection. His ability has developed as the years have gone on and he is 
now devoting his attention to executive control and administrative direction. 



80 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

carefully looking after all the details of the business and controlling the efforts 
of those who serve under him. 

In 1 90 1 Mr. Bickley was united in marriage to Miss Myrtle E. Kelley, of 
Waterloo, and they have become the parents of three children, Dorothy Helen, 
George Francis and Mildred Elsie. Mr. Bickley votes with the republican party 
and his fraternal connections are with Waterloo Lodge, No. 105, A. F. & A. M.; 
Iowa Consistory, No. 2, A. & A. S. R.. of Cedar Rapids; and El Kahir Temple, 
A. A. O. N. M. S., also of Cedar Rapids. He is likewise connected with the 
Knights of Pythias and with the Waterloo Commercial Club. He ranks today 
among the foremost citizens of Black Hawk county. He keeps in touch with 
the trend of modern thought and progress, understands the conditions which 
affect the welfare of community, state and nation and at all times uses his aid 
and influence on the side of advancement and improvement. 



GEORGE WILLIAM CLARK. 

No history of Cedar Falls or of Black Haw^k county would be complete were 
there failure to make extended reference to George William Clark, now one of 
the venerable citizens and honored pioneer settlers of this part of the state. In 
many ways he has been closely identified with its histor}^ and has cooperated in 
many lines of work for the benefit and upbuilding of the community. He was 
born in Riga, Monroe county. New York, August 30, 1833, a son of Ebenezer and 
Lois (Knowles) Clark. The father was born in Berkshire county, Massachusetts, 
February 27, 1787, and the mother was born September 2, 1792. The father, 
who followed farming as a life work, died in Riga, New York, after w^hich the 
mother came to Iowa and passed away at the home of her son, George William, 
in Cedar Falls. At different times Ebenezer Clark held local offices and in various 
ways contributed to the improvement and upbuilding of the district in which 
he lived. 

George W. Clark was an only child. He attended the district schools of Riga 
Comers, New York, was for two terms a student at Churchville, New York, and 
spent one winter in an academy at Riga Corners. All through his life he has been 
learning valuable lessons in the school of experience until his knowledge is now 
broad, especially in connection with those practical phases of life which lead to 
success in business undertakings. He was but sixteen years of age at the time 
of his father's death, after which he operated the homestead for a year, at the 
end of which time the property was sold. He attended school the following winter 
and the succeeding spring he worked for an uncle on a farm, being thus em- 
ployed until the following July. In 1851 he made his way to the middle west, 
settling first in Janesville, Wisconsin, where he clerked in a store until the spring 
of 1854. In March of that year, in company with Thomas Scarcliff, he went to 
Independence, Iowa, making his way after a few weeks to Waterloo, and from 
that point walked to Cedar Falls. Here he obtained employment in a store as a 
clerk, but after three months he went wath Mr. Scarcliff to Dubuque, Iowa, and 
thence by boat to St. Paul, Minnesota, where he attended a Fourth of July cele- 
bration. At that time St. Paul contained but a few slab shanties, being a typical 




MES. GEORGE W. CLARK 




GEORGE W. CLARK 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 85 

town of the western frontier. He remained there for a week and then returned 
to New York on a visit. On the ist of October, 1854, he again came to Cedar 
Falls and soon afterward purchased ten acres of timber land north of the city. 
In December, 1854, he once more went to Janesville, Wisconsin, where he visited 
for a time and where he was married in January, 1855. 

Mr. Clark returned to Cedar Falls in the latter part of that month and in 
February he hired a man to cut logs and bank them on the stream. Later he 
i-afted these down the river to a sawmill at Cedar Falls, had the logs sawed and 
i)uilt a bam. It was his intention to engage in the livery business, which he did 
in this bam on Second street. He conducted a small livery business for a time, but 
in 1856 sold out and purchased a farm of eighty acres between Waterloo and 
Cedar Falls which he afterward traded for a farm across the river. He likewise 
purchased a five acre tract of timber land and engaged in cutting the logs and 
milling them. He then fenced his twenty-three acres of land, which he continued 
to cultivate for three years, although during that period he resided in Cedar Falls, 
having in the meantime built a residence on the corner of Main and Sixth streets. 
A part of that house is still standing. In 1861, when the war broke out, he had 
two lots on Iowa street and thereon he built a house which he occupied after the 
fall of 1 86 1. On the ist of January, 1862, he engaged in the draying business, 
having at first but one horse. He conducted the business for one year in a small 
way and then more extensively, keeping three rigs and hiring two men. About 
that time he purchased the bus and team belonging to the hotel and established 
a bus and transfer line. He continued in the omnibus business for fifteen years, 
at the end of which time he sold out, but continued the draying business from 
January, 1862, until 1882. In the meantime he purchased a farm on the Waterloo 
road in the spring of 1874 and hired a man to operate it for a short time. In 
August of that year, however, he took possession of the place and carried on 
farming in connection with his draying and transfer business, remaining upon 
that place for about eighteen years, during which time he made many substantial 
improvements. 

Mr. Clark returned to Cedar Falls in April, 1892, and has resided here con- 
tinuously since. From the spring of 1892 until 1896 he lived practically retired, 
but in the latter year purchased another dray line and conducted the business for 
fifteen years, when he sold out on the 15th of July, 191 1. Since that time he has 
lived retired. He is still, however, a stockholder in a broom factory and he is the 
owner of the lot on which his residence is situated and a tract four rods square 
on the adjoining lot, on which he has built a warehouse. His business affairs 
have been judiciously conducted and capably managed and as the years have gone 
by diligence, determination and industry have brought him substantial success. 

On the 14th of January, 1855, Mr. Clark was united in marriage to Miss Fanny 
Frazer Streeter, who was born at Clifton Springs, Ontario county, New York, a 
daughter of Simeon Dexter and Abonene S. (Donaldson) Streeter, the former a 
native of Massachusetts, while the latter was born near Otsego, New York. Her 
father engaged in the clothing business in early life and also in manufacturing cloth 
in New York. He died and was buried at Lyons, New York, after which his 
widow went to Janesville, Wisconsin, with her family and later removed to Chicago 
to live with her son, there passing away in i860. Mr. Streeter held the office of 
constable in Vienna, New York, and he conducted the Farmers' Resort Hotel at 

V.il. II— r> 



86 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Clifton Springs. It was there that Mrs. Clark was born, the sixth in order of 
birth in a family of ten children. Four brothers served throughout the Civil war 
and one of them died in Libby prison. Mr. and Mrs. Clark became the parents 
of nine children: William R., who has been an engineer on the Illinois Central 
Railroad for a quarter of a century and now resides at Fort Dodge, Iowa ; Clara 
R., the wife of J. E. Bates, who is engaged in the insurance business in Waterloo ; 
Tibbie S., who died at the age of two years ; Nettie Eva, the wife of C. INI. Wyne- 
koop, engaged in the cigar and tobacco business at Cedar Falls ; Arthur, who died 
in infancy; George Byron, who resides at the corner of Fourth and Tremont 
streets in Cedar Falls and is engaged in merchandising; Luther, who died in 
infancy; Mary Alice, who married A. B. Mason, a traveling salesman living in 
Cedar Falls ; and the youngest, who died in infancy. 

Mr. Clark is a member of the Ancient Order of United W^orkmen and gives 
his political allegiance to the democratic party on many occasions but is some- 
what independent in his political connections. He is one of the pioneer settlers 
of the county and brought to this district the first piano in Cedar Falls or 
Black Hawk county. He was also the owner of the first kerosene lamp in Cedar 
Falls and paid a dollar and a half per gallon for oil. This was as much a matter 
of marvel in those days as was the introduction of electric lights in the present 
generation. Mr. Clark has lived to witness notable changes in this section of 
the state. He has passed the eighty-first milestone on life's journey— years 
covering a momentous period in the history of the country. He has seen the 
building of railroads, has witnessed the introduction of the telegraph and the 
telephone and has seen progress along every line of business life. His influence 
has always been on the side of advancement and improvement during the period 
of his connection with Black Hawk county and he has ever been highly esteemed 
as a valued citizen. He is today one of the venerable residents of Cedar Falls, 
respected and honored by all who know him. 



WILLIAM GALLOW^AY. 

William Galloway occupies a central place on the stage of business activity in 
Waterloo and Black Hawk county, being identified with various business interests 
which are important factors in advancing the material progress and business activ- 
ity of this section of the state. He is the president of the William Galloway Com 
pany, the president of the Galloway Investment Company and president of the 
Galloway Brothers Company and is thus widely known in connection with the 
industrial, commercial and financial interests of his section. He was born in 
Berlin, Iowa, in 1877, and supplemented a public-school course by study in Mon- 
mouth College at Monmouth. Illinois. He started upon his business career by 
selling specialities, driving through the country with a horse and buggy and visit- 
ing the farmhouses en route. He afterward entered the employ of an implement 
dealer at Reinbeck, Iowa, and in time was admitted to a partnership in the busi- 
ness. After considerable experience in that line he became a traveling salesman 
in the implement and farm-machinery business and thus gradually advanced step 
by step, gaining continually a broader outlook and wider opportunities. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 87 

In 1901 Mr. Galloway came to Waterloo and the following year laid the foun- 
dation for his present large interests by beginning business as a jobber in agri- 
cultural implements. Later he began manufacturing on a small scale, his first 
plant being located on Falls avenue. From the beginning, however, the business 
steadily increased in volume and eventually the plant of the Cascaden Manu- 
facturing Company was purchased and the business incorporated in 1906 with a 
capital stock of one hundred thousand dollars. The business grew with marvelous 
rapidity and led to an increase in the capital stock to two hundred thousand dol- 
lars and later to four hundred thousand dollars, while the present capitalization of 
the company is three million five hundred thousand dollars. Their factories, their 
fine office building and the building of the Agriculture Club, which they organized, 
cover about fourteen acres and in addition the William Galloway Company also 
owns a tract of four hundred acres of fine land between the plant and Cedar Falls. 
The output includes gasoline engines, spreaders, cream separators, portable ele- 
vators, wagons, harrows and many other implements and their employes number 
from four hundred to nine hundred, according to the season. The business runs 
up annually to the two million dollar mark in volume. This is one of the most 
extensive and important manufacturing concerns of central Iowa. The work has 
been carefully systematized in every particular and in the conduct of the business 
quality is never sacrificed to quantity. The enterprise is the outcome of the busi- 
ness ability, capable management and laudable ambition of William Galloway, who 
has ever eagerly embraced his legitimate opportunities and along the path of 
indefatigable industry and activity has advanced to the goal of success, his interests 
at all times conforming to the highest commercial standards. 

The upbuilding of such an institution would alone entitle Mr. Galloway to rep- 
resentation among the foremost citizens of Black Hawk county, yet this does 
not cover the scope of his activities and business interests, for he also organized 
the Galloway Investment Company, of which he is the president and which was 
incorporated with a capital stock of three hundred and fifty thousand dollars, of 
which two hundred thousand dollars has been paid up. The company buys, plats 
and sells real estate and has platted some of the principal additions to Waterloo, 
including the Galloway addition. Prospect Hill, Cedar Heights and Meadow Dale. 
Mr. Galloway also organized the Galloway Brothers Company, capitalized for 
five hundred thousand dollars, and of this he is likewise the president. The last 
named company handles all kinds of farm, field and flower seeds and the business 
amounts to upwards of two hundred thousand dollars annually and covers large 
sections of the United States and Canada, while shipments are sent to thirty-two 
foreign countries. 

In 1901 Mr. Galloway was united in marriage to Miss Naomi Murray, of 
Reinbeck, Iowa', and to them have been born five children, William Ross, Dwight 
Murray, David John, Mary Naomi and Frances Elizabeth. The family are mem- 
bers of the United Presbyterian church and Mr. Galloway also belongs to the Com- 
mercial Club and Board of Trade, the Chamber of Commerce, the Waterloo Club 
and the Town Criers Club, all of which organizations have for their object the 
development, upbuilding and improvement of the city and the extension of its 
trade relations. 

Mr. Galloway has not only been a cooperant factor in many measures for the 
benefit of Waterloo, but has also instituted and promoted a number of such. In 



88 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

an analyzation of his record and his career it must be recog-nized that balance, 
harmony and sound judgment are his native traits. Anyone meeting Mr. Galloway 
face to face would know at once that he is. an individual embodying all the ele- 
ments of what in this country we term a "square" man — one in whom to have 
confidence, a dependable man in any relation and any emergency. His quietude 
of deportment, his easy dignity, his frankness and cordiality of address, with a 
total absence of anything sinister or anything to conceal, foretoken a man who is 
ready to meet any obligation of life with the confidence and courage that come of 
conscious personal ability, a right conception of things and a habitual regard for 
what is best in the exercise of human activities. 



T. E. RUST. 



T. E. Rust is the chief engineer of the Waterloo, Cedar Falls & Northern Rail- 
road and for five years has been a resident of Waterloo. He was born in Saginaw, 
Michigan, and during his childhood days accompanied his parents on their removal 
to Denver, Colorado, where the period of his youth was largely passed. He 
attended the schools of that city and then returned to his native state for his 
collegiate course, entering the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. He has 
devoted the last fifteen or sixteen years of his life to engineering and was with the 
Denver & Rio Grande Railroad in connection with the work of construction, loca- 
tion and maintenance. He was also active in the construction of the White Pass 
& Yukon Railroad of Alaska and he afterward became chief assistant engineer of 
the Chicago Great Western Railroad, at which time L. S. Cass, also of Waterloo, 
was its vice president. It was his acquaintance with Mr. Cass which won for 
him his present responsible position. In May, 1909, he came to Waterloo as chief 
engineer of the Waterloo, Cedar Falls & Northern Railroad and in that capacity 
has had charge of the construction of the road, building the Waverly extension 
from Denver Junction to Waverly and also the Cedar Rapids extension. 



C. M. CHENEY. 



C. M. Cheney is general freight and passenger agent of the Waterloo, Cedar 
Falls & Northern Railroad. Practically his entire life has been spent in railroad 
service and his advancement has come to him as the logical result of close 
application, diligence and ability. For twelve years he has made his home in 
Waterloo and throughout the entire period has been connected with the railroad 
company with which he is now holding a most responsible position. He was born 
in Bradford, Illinois, in 1875, but when quite young he was brought by his par- 
ents to Iowa, the family home being established in Marshalltown, where his 
youthful days were spent and he acquired a public-school education. He then took 
up the study of telegraphy and entered the employ of the Western Union Tele- 
graph Company, acting as operator at Marshalltown and afterward at Mason 
City, continuing with that corporation for a year and a half. He next entered 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 89 

the service of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad Company, which he 
represented at various points on the Iowa and Dakota division. Still later he 
was with the Burlington, Cedar Rapids & Northern Railroad Company and next 
with the Chicago Great Western Railroad Company, continuing with that road 
for a number of years at various places. On entering the employ of the Waterloo, 
Cedar Falls & Northern Railroad Company he was made assistant general freight 
agent and so continued for a period but in 1905 was appointed general freight 
and passenger agent and has remained in that position of trust and responsi- 
bility for nine years. He is well known in railway circles throughout the northern 
Mississippi valley and as he has demonstrated the value and worth of his service 
he has won promotion from time to time. 

On the 2ist of February, 1895, Air. Cheney was united in marriage to Miss 
Elizabeth M. Briggs, of Andrew county, Missouri, and they are now the parents 
of a daughter and son, Margery and Eugene M. Mr. Cheney has membership 
relations with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. Since coming to Water- 
loo he has entered into affiliation with the Commercial Club and Board of Trade, 
the Town Criers Club, the Chamber of Commerce and the Waterloo Club. He 
stands at all times for advancement and improvement along lines contributing 
to the progress and upbuilding of city and county and his cooperation can ever 
be counted upon for the benefit of his community, for he is a most public-spirited 
citizen. At the same time he never neglects a business duty nor obligation and 
his worth is attested by the officials of the railway which he represents. 



WILLIAM ROBERT LAW. 

William Robert Law is an active member of the bar of Black Hawk county, 
practicing in Waterloo, where he is also well known as a progressive and public- 
spirited citizen who in public office has proven his loyalty to the welfare of the 
community. One of the native sons of the county, he was born in Black Hawk 
township in 1880, a son of William M. Law, also of Waterloo. The father was 
born in Canada and arrived in this county in 1868. He took up- his abode upon 
a farm and continued to engage in its cultivation until he was appointed to the 
position of postmaster at Hudson and took up his abode in that town, serving 
for four years in that position. He then entered the insurance business, in 
which he continued until he was elected sheriff of Black Hawk county in 1896. 
He then removed to Waterloo and entered upon the duties of that position, which 
he discharged with such promptness, capability and impartiality that he was re- 
elected and continued as the incumbent for eight years or until 1904. He then 
retired from the office as he had entered it — with the confidence and good-will 
of all law-abiding citizens — and since that time he has been engaged in the real- 
estate business in Waterloo, where he is classed with the representative and 
valued citizens. His wife, Mrs. Eliza Jessie Law, is deceased. 

William Robert Law was educated in the schools of Hudson and in the East 
Waterloo high school, from which he w^as graduated as a member of the class 
of 1899. Deciding upon the practice of law as a life work he began studying 
in the University of Iowa and was graduated with the LL. B. degree in the class 



90 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

of 1904. He then practiced law independently in the office of Boies & Boies 
until January i, 1906, when he was admitted to partnership under the firm style 
of Boies & Law. That association was continued until January i, 1909, when 
Mr. Law was appointed postmaster of Waterloo and entered upon the duties of 
that position, which he occupied for four years, or until October, 191 3. He then 
resumed the practice of his profession and is accorded a good clientage. He has 
a wide knowledge of the principles of jurisprudence and recognizes the fact that 
the careful preparation of cases is one of the strongest elements of success and 
in the presentation of his cause is strong, forceful and logical. He is also a 
stockholder and director of the Dairy Cattle Congress. He was president of the 
Presidential Postmasters Association of Iowa in 191 1, a fact which indicates his 
high standing and his personal popularity. 

In 1910 Mr. Law married Miss Makepeace Morris, of Atlantic, Iowa, and 
they have become the parents of two sons, Robert Morris and Franklin Nichols. 
Mr. Law is well known in fraternal relations, holding membership in the Knights 
of Pythias lodge, of which he is a past chancellor commander, and the Elks lodge, 
in which he is a past exalted ruler. He likewise belongs to the Commercial 
Club and the Board of Trade of Waterloo and to the Town Criers Club. He 
also has membership in the local bar association. His social qualities render 
him popular and he is widely known as a genial, courteous gentleman, consid- 
erate and kindly as well as firm and determined. He has made an excellent 
record, not only as an active and progressive citizen, but also in the line of his 
profession, and the future will undoubtedly hold in store for him broader 
opportunities. 



CARLETON SIAS. 



Carleton Sias, a lawyer and banker of Waterloo, came to Iowa from Rochester, 
New York, in 1903. He is a native of Monroe county. New York, being a son 
of Daniel B. and Lucy B. Sias ; received his early training in the country schools 
and graduated from the Rochester high school. In graduation he obtained a 
scholarship from the state of New York, on competitive examination, to Cornell 
University, where he took a course in law, graduating with the class of 1898 with 
the degree of LL. B. After spending a year in the law office of James Breck 
Perkins, the well known French historian, he was admitted to the bar of the 
state of New York at the age of twenty-one and practiced in Rochester until 
1903, when he came to Waterloo, as attorney for the Leavitt & Johnson Trust 
Company, later becoming secretary of the company and in 191 1 a director and 
\ ice president of the Leavitt & Johnson Trust Company, and also of the Waterloo 
Savings Bank, with which institutions he has been identified during all the time 
he has lived in Iowa. In 1914 he formed a partnership in the practice of law with 
George E. Pike, imder the name of Pike & Sias, at the same time maintaining 
his active connection with the trust company and savings bank. 

Mr. Sias has been identified with the public activities of Waterloo, having 
been for years a member and secretary of the library board, a member and 
for several years president of the school board, secretary of the river front 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 91 

improvement commission, treasurer of the Black Hawk Comity Bar Asso- 
ciation and a member of the Waterloo Club. He has also been actively identified 
with fraternal and social organizations, being a member of Waterloo Lodge, No. 
105, A. F. & A. M. ; having held all of the chairs in Camp No. 2059, M. W. of A., 
and served as delegate for Black Hawk county to the national meeting of that 
organization in Chicago, and also in Buffalo, New York ; being a member of the 
Yeomen ; and being also chancellor commander of Helmet Lodge, No. 89, Knights 
of Pythias. He has moreover been president of the Fortnightly Club. 

In 191 1 when Company L, Fifty-third Regiment, I. N. G., was organized, he 
was elected first lieutenant and in 191 3 was elected captain of Company L to 
succeed Captain J. H. Hildebrand, deceased. 

When in college he was active in debating matters, being speaker of the 
Cornell Congress and a member of the Cornell team in the Cornell-Pennsylvania 
intercollegiate debate. 

In July, 1903. Mr. Sias was married to Miss Jeanette Payne, of Rochester, 
New York, and they have two sons, Carleton Payne and Erwin Daniel. 



MICHAEL H. KELLY. 



Michael H. Kelly is the efficient postmaster of Waterloo, to which position he 
was appointed in October, 1913. He had previously engaged in the practice of 
law and had won for himself a creditable position at the bar of Black Hawk 
county. Wisconsin numbers him among her native sons, his birth having occurred 
at New Diggings on the 29th of May, 1871. His father, John D. Kelly, was a 
native of County Cork, Ireland, and was a son of Daniel Kelly, who spent his 
entire life on the Emerald isle. John D. Kelly, however, came to the United 
States about 1848 with his widowed mother, two brothers and three sisters. Of 
that family one yet survives, Patrick D., who came to Black Hawk county in 
1 87 1 and now engages in farming the land which he purchased in 1867. He is 
the father of twelve children, one of whom, Daniel M. Kelly, is now (1914) at- 
torney general of Montana. For a considerable period John D. Kelly followed 
mining, working at that occupation in Wisconsin, while in later life he turned hi*^ 
attention to farming. In November, 1 881, he removed to Tama county, Iowa, and 
in 1892 took up his abode in Winnebago county, this state. He died in January, 
1907, having for about three years survived his wife, who passed away in May, 
1904. She bore the maiden name of Johanna Lynch and was a native of Boston, 
Massachusetts. 

Accompanying his parents from Wisconsin to Iowa in his boyhood days, 
Michael H. Kelly continued his studies in the high school of Traer, Tama county, 
to the age of nineteen years, when his text-books were put aside, after which he 
divided his time between farming and school-teaching in Iowa. He taught mostly 
in Winnebago county, although for one term he followed that profession in Black 
Hawk county. He resolved, however, to engage in other professional labor and 
,began the study of law in the office and under the direction of L. O. Hatch, of 
Forest City, Iowa. He was admitted to the bar in October, 1898, and in February, 
1900, opened a law office in Waterloo, where he practiced continuously until 



92 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

October, 191 3, when he was appointed to his present position as postmaster. In 
this office he is making as creditable a record as he did when he was filHng the 
position of city attorney of Waterloo from March, 1910, until March, 1912. In 
addition to his other interests and activities he is a director of the Fraternal 
Bankers Reserve Insurance Company of Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

On the 8th of October, 1907, at Shell Rock, Iowa, Mr. Kelly was united in 
marriage to Miss Sadie A. Todd, a daughter of George Todd, deceased, and his 
wife, Margaret ( Gleason) Todd. Mr. and Mrs. Kelly have one child, Eleanor J., 
born February 22, 191 1. The religious faith of the family is that of the Catholic 
church and Mr. Kelly holds membership with the Knights of Columbus and also 
with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, while his political allegiance is 
given to the democratic party. He has made many friends during his residence 
in Black Hawk county and is now numbered among the leading and representative 
citizens of Waterloo. 



JOHN C. HARTMAN. 



John C. Hartman was born in Waterloo, Iowa, June 21, 1861, the son of 
William H. and Dorinda Z. (Clark) Hartman. During the progress of his 
early education in the schools of West Waterloo he worked in the Courier 
office, performing the duties which fall to the lot of the printer's apprentice and 
acquiring the knowledge of the newspaper game which was to stand him in 
good stead later in life. In 1878, when he ended his school life, he entered 
actively into the newspaper work with his father and has remained untiT the 
present time with the one paper. The death of William H. Hartman in 1895 
threw the editorial responsibility upon John C. Hartman and he became the 
head of the W. H. Hartman Company, a position which he occupies at the 
present time. 

On November S, 1886, Mr. Hartman was married to Ida M. Hummel, who 
was born in Snyder county, Pennsylvania, May 23. i860. Politically. Mr. 
Hartman has followed in the footsteps of his father, remaining true to the 
republican party. Fraternally, he is a member of the ]\lasonic orders of the 
city, also the Knights of Pythias. 



O. J. FULLERTON, M. D. 

It would be difficult to determine the line of greatest usefulness in the life of 
Dr. O. J. Fullerton, so active has he been in many fields of labor which have had 
a direct bearing upon the welfare and progress of the community. He estab- 
lished his home in Waterloo in 1884 and through the intervening period has en- 
gaged in the practice of medicine and the conduct of business affairs of im- 
portance, at the same time finding opportunity to cooperate in many movements 
which have been elements in the general development of the city and in the ad- 
vancement of its educational, social and moral welfare. As a physician and 




JOHN C. HARTMAN 




T\LUtN 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 95 

surgeon he enjoys a reputation that has made him known throughout the state 
and his standing in professional circles is indicated by the fact that he has been 
honored by the Iowa Medical Association with the office of chairman of the 
surgical section. 

Dr. Fullerton is a native of Pennsylvania, his birth having occurred in French 
Creek valley, near Cambridge, on the 8th of March, 1849. He is descended in the 
paternal line from Scotch ancestry and the family was founded in America by 
his grandfather, who was born in Glasgow and was married in the north of Ireland 
ere he crossed the Atlantic to the new world and took up his abode in Pennsyl- 
vania. His son, David L. Fullerton, father of Dr. Fullerton, was born in the 
Keystone state and as the years passed became recognized as a progressive and 
prosperous farmer and an enterprising business man. He wedded Elizabeth 
Stokes, who was born of German lineage. 

Their son, Dr. Fullerton, spent his youthful days upon the home farm, early 
assisting in the tasks of plowing, planting and harvesting and in other labors inci- 
dent to the care of the crops. The winter months were devoted to the acquire- 
ment of a district-school education and thus the years went by until he reached 
the age of twenty. He began preparation for a professional career when, in 1872, 
he entered upon the study of medicine at Miller, Pennsylvania. Five years later 
he came to Iowa and entered the State University at Iowa City. He could not give 
his undivided time to his college course because of the necessity of providing for 
his own support, but he made the best possible use of his opportunities and was 
graduated with the class of 1884. Throughout his professional career he has 
continually advanced. He reads broadly, thinks deeply and carries his investiga- 
tions far and wide into the realms of medical science. He went abroad for further 
study in 1891 and pursued a special course in the University of Edinburgh, Scot- 
land, and at Birmingham, England. In the meantime he had located for practice 
in Waterloo, where he has made his home continuously since 1884. 

In 1896, Dr. Fullerton established the Fullerton Electric Cure for chronic and 
long-standing diseases and conducted the cure until 1903, when he resumed the 
general practice of medicine and surgery after completing a post-graduate course 
in New York city. As he has continued in the general practice of medicine he 
has become more and more firmly established in public regard as an able physician 
and surgeon and has contributed valuable papers to the literature of the pro- 
fession, including an article on "Conservative Surgery of the Fingers," which 
appeared in the Medical Record of 1886; "Chloroform Anaesthesia," read before 
the Austin Flint Medical Society in 1891 ; his "President's Address," deHvered be- 
fore the Cedar Valley Medical Society in 1892; and his "Surgical Report," given 
in the transactions of the Iowa State Medical Society in 1892. The above indi- 
cates something of his professional connections and in addition he is a member of 
the Tri-State Medical Society. 

As the years have gone on Dr. Fullerton has prospered as the result of his 
professional skill, his business ability, his wise investments and judicious manage- 
ment. He became one of the founders of the Security Savings Bank of Waterloo, 
of which he was a director for a number of years, and he is now a stockholder in 
the First National Bank. He has become heavily interested in real estate and is 
one of the largest tax payers of the city. He erected the Fullerton Flats, at the 



96 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

corner of Fourth and Elm streets, and from this property derives a substantial 
annual income. 

On the 22d of December, 1869, was celebrated the marriage of Dr. Fullerton 
and Miss Mary Isadore Calkins, a native of Pennsylvania, born January 6, 1849. 
She was but fifty-three years of age when she passed away in Waterloo, November 
9, 1902, her death being deeply regretted by her many friends as well as by her 
immediate family because of her many lovable traits of character and kindly spirit. 
There were three children bom of that marriage : Martha Inez, now the wife of 
Dr. Theodore B. Askew, a specialist in diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat, 
practicing at San Antonio, Texas ; Eda Irene, the wife of Charles H. McWilliams, 
of Los Angeles, California; and Corliss Lee Marne, who died at the age of eleven 
years. Ramona McWilliams is the Doctor's only grandchild. In 1904, Dr. Fuller- 
ton was again married, his second union being with Mrs. Caroline Mann, of 
Waterloo, who by her former marriage had two children : Charlotte Mann, who 
is a graduate of Mount St. Joseph College of Dubuque and is now teaching music ; 
and Elizabeth Mann, who will graduate from the same school with the class of 
June, 191 5. 

Dr. Fullerton is a member of the Methodist church and fraternally is a Mason, 
having membership in the Knights Templar Commandery and in the Mystiv: 
Shrine. His political allegiance is given the democratic party and he keeps well 
versed on the questions and issues of the day. His public spirit has been again 
and again manifested in his hearty cooperation with movements for the general 
good. He assisted in purchasing Cedar River park and was one of the organizers 
of the Waterloo Chautauqua Association, of which he served as superintendent 
for three years and as president for six years. He is a most generous man, giving 
with an open hand to charitable and benevolent projects. He has never regarded 
the accumulation of wealth as the sole aim of his life. On the contrary, as he has 
prospered he has aided freely with his means in the support of those measures 
and projects which tend to advance the interest and welfare of the county and 
city. He seems to readily recognize just what can be accomplished for the benefit 
and upbuilding of Waterloo and he heartily cooperates in every movement toward 
that end. The same sound judgment has characterized his efforts in business and 
professional circles, placing him in the enviable position which he now occupies as 
one of the successful residents of Black Hawk countv. 



JOHN E. WILLIAMS. 



In the year 1895 John E. Williams became a member of the bar of Black 
Hawk county and has since been in active practice in Waterloo. But the borders 
of the county do not limit his reputation, for he is widely known in the state as 
an able and successful practitioner in the courts. He was born in Dane county. 
Wisconsin, in 1866. his parents being Benjamin B. and Elizabeth (Struble) 
Williams, who in the year 1869 became residents of Grundy county, Iowa. 

John E. Williams was but three years of age at the time of the removal of 
his parents to this state and in the schools of Grundy county he pursued his 
education until graduated from the high school of Reinbeck. He afterward 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 97 

entered Iowa State University, becoming a student in the law department, in 
which he pursued the regular course until graduated with the LL.B. degree in 
1889. The same year he was admitted to the bar and opened an office in Rein- 
beck, where he continued in active practice for five years, or until 1895, when he 
came to the growing city of Waterloo. Here he was first associated with the 
law firm of Williams & Kern for two years and afterward practiced alone for 
three years. He then became a member of the firm of Miller & Williams, which 
connection was continued for four years. That relationship was then dissolved 
and Mr. Williams was once more alone until January, 1912, when he became 
senior partner in the present firm of Williams & Clark. He engages in the 
general practice of law in all of the courts of the state and in the federal courts 
and is a well known and representative member gf the Black Hawk County and 
the Iowa State Bar Associations. His ability is pronounced and an excellent 
presence, an earnest manner, marked strength of character, a thorough grasp of 
the law and the ability to accurately apply its principles make him an eft'ective 
and successful advocate and insure him rank among the prominent members of 
the profession in Black Hawk county. He served for one term as county 
attorney when in Grundy county and for eight years has been city attorney of 
Waterloo, making a most creditable record in both offices. 

In 1 89 1 Mr. Williams was united in marriage to Miss Maud G. Thompson, 
of Grundy county, and they have become the parents of four children, Grace, 
John E., Jr., Harry G. and Marion Elizabeth. Mr. Williams is a Royal Arch 
Mason and also holds membership in the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks 
and with the Knights of Pythias. He belongs to the Chamber of Commerce 
and Waterloo Club. Almost his entire life has been spent in this state, his resi- 
dence in Iowa covering a period of forty-five years. In his relation to public 
affairs he stands at all times for progress, improvement and advancement and 
has lent his aid and influence to many measures for the general good. 



JOHN T. BURKETT. 



John T. Burkett is one of Waterloo's leading architects, as evidenced in the 
large number of fine buildings which he has erected in this city. He has accurate 
and comprehensive knowledge of the broad, scientific principles underlying his 
profession and is as well thoroughly acquainted with every practical phase of 
the business. He was born in Armstrong county, Pennsylvania, on the 23d of 
February, 1849, a son of David S. and Delilah (Townsend) Burkett, both of 
whom died during the early childhood of their son, who was then reared to 
manhood by his maternal grandfather, Isaac Townsend, on the farm where the 
Vandergrift sheet steel mills now stand. 

John T. Burkett was educated in the district schools and was early bound 
out to the wheelwright's trade, serving a four years' apprenticeship, after which 
he took a course in drafting in the old Iron City College of Pittsburgh. When 
he had finished his studies in that institution he came to the middle west, in 
1869. his intention being to go on through to the coast, but, having friends in 
Waterloo and Independence, he stopped off in Iowa for a visit. At that time the 



98 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

work of building the Independence Mill was just begun. This was a big mill 
for those days, sixty-five by one hundred and twelve feet, four stories in height 
and built of brick. Mr. Burkett was persuaded to remain and become one of the 
building force and for three years his knowledge of the millwright's trade con- 
tributed to the erection of one of the best mills in the west. Subsequently he 
became identified with the Cedar Valley Manufacturing Company, engaged in 
the manufacture of sashes, doors and blinds, and was connected therewith for 
sixteen or seventeen years. This company was organized by Mr. Burkett and 
Stephen Salisbury and subsequently they established a bank and store fixture 
department of the business, which became a most important feature of their 
industry. They conducted their interests with growing success until about 1902, 
when they sold out to the Nauman Company, since which time Mr. Burkett has 
given his entire attention to general architectural work, maintaining an otifice in 
the Lafayette building. Among the principal buildings which he has erected 
are the Columbia block, the Gasser buildings, three in number, the Waterloo 
Fruit & Commission Company building, the Fowler \Miolesale Grocery house, 
the city hall, the Parsons building, the Julian flats, the Eddy block, the Brevort 
Hotel, the Martin Hotel and the residence of George Miller. Many of the 
earlier store buildings on Fourth street were also designed and built by him. 

In 1873 ^Ir. Burkett was united in marriage to J\Iiss Justine H. Wattells, of 
Independence, Iowa, and to them have been born two children, ijoth, however, 
now deceased. Mr. Burkett is a member of Waterloo Lodge, No. 105, A, F. & 
A. M.; Tabernacle Chapter, No. 52, R. A. M. ; Ascalon Commandery, No. 25, 
K. T. ; and El Kahir Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S.. of Cedar Rapids. He likewise 
holds membership in the Waterloo Commercial Club and the Town Criers Club 
and is one of the well known and representative business men of the city. Since 
the time when he entered upon his apprenticeship in the east, industry has been 
his watchword and indefatigable industry has enabled him to wrest success from 
the hands of fate. Obstacles and difliculties have been overcome by persistent, 
determined efifort and through the faithful performance of each day's duties he 
has found encouragement and inspiration for the labors of the following day 
Thus he has gone on from one thing to another of greater importance and his 
eiTorts have been crowned with a gratifying measure of prosperity. 



CHARLES M. VAN VLECK. 

This is an age of systemization. Not only individual interests are carefully 
systematized, but all public afifairs, because of a recognition of the greater effi- 
ciency and force obtained thereby. There is no city of any importance which 
does not today have a commercial club formed of the leading business men in an 
organized eiTort to promote the business interests and uphold the civic welfare 
of the community. Charles M. Van Vleck is today secretary of the Commercial 
Club and Board of Trade of W'aterloo and in this connection is doing most 
splendid work to further the welfare of his city. He is a young man full of 
energy, determination, ambition and resourcefulness. He was born in Waterloo 
in 1888, a son of Lawrence Van Vleck of this city, whose birth occurred in the 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 99 

state of New York. He came when a young man to Waterloo about thirty years 
ago and for twenty-six years was connected with the IlHnois Central Railroad 
Company but is now living retired. Not only has he been active in business but 
also in public affairs and for several years was deputy labor commissioner of 
Iowa. He was married in Waterloo to Miss Mary Heyer, of this city. 

Their son, Charles M. Van Vleck, spending his youthful days under the 
parental roof, attended the public schools and was graduated from the East 
Waterloo high school with the class of 1906. He afterward entered the National 
Law School at Washington, D. C, and won his LL.B. degree upon graduation 
with the class of 1910. During the time that he was pursuing his law studies he 
was also in the employ of the government in connection with the Interstate Com- 
merce Commission and thus provided for the expenses of his law course. Fol- 
lowing his graduation he returned to Waterloo and became connected with the 
Waterloo Reporter, remaining on that paper for three years, at the end of which 
time he accepted his present position as secretary of the Commercial Club and 
Board of Trade. He thoroughly understands the purposes of his work and his 
efforts to exploit Waterloo's advantages and opportunities have been far-reaching 
and beneficial. 

On the 4th of June, 191 3, Mr. V^an Vleck was united in marriage to Miss 
Lula Mahanke, of Parkersburg, Iowa, and they have one son, Robert Charles. 
The parents are members of the First Presbyterian church of Waterloo and Mr. 
Van Vleck also holds membership with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks 
and Waterloo Lodge, No. 105, A. F. & A. M., of which he is the junior warden. 
He is likewise a member of the Town Criers Club and is prominent and popular 
in the social and business circles of his city. Alert and energetic, he is an ex- 
ponent of the spirit of the age and typifies in his life that enterprise which has 
been the dominant factor in the upbuilding of this section of the country. 



J. E. JOHNSON. 



The number of productive industries which have sprung up in Waterloo in 
the last two or three decades has largely been the means of bringing about the 
city's rapid and substantial growth, whereby it has become one of the metropoli- 
tan centers of the state. In this connection J. E. Johnson is well known as the 
secretary and treasurer of the Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company. For four- 
teen years he has here resided and not only has he won a merited reputation in 
business circles but has also become a recognized factor in advancing the public 
good through his indorsement and support of many valuable civic measures. 

A native of Nebraska, Mr. Johnson was born in Omaha in 1864 and spent 
the period of his boyhood and youth there. He supplemented a public-school 
course by study in Cornell College of Mount Vernon, Iowa, from which he was 
graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He afterward entered Boston 
University and there won the S. T. D. degree, after which he had a year of 
special study in sociology in Harvard University. Lie also received the honorary 
degree of D. D. from Cornell College in June, 1914. He has been a minister 
in the regular service of the church since 1892. His first charge was at Brockton, 



H^ 



704487 



100 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

]\Iassacliusetts, after which he was called to Xiantic, Connecticut. He tlien 
accepted the pastorate of the First Methodist Episcopal church of this city and 
yet gives much time and earnest thought to the upbuilding of the cause of 
Christianity. Fie entered industrial circles when, in November, 1907, he became 
connected with the Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company, of which he is now the 
secretary and treasurer. He thus has voice in its management and control and 
his practical opinions are a valuable asset. 

In 1895 Mr. Johnson was united in marriage to Miss Martha Cadwallader, 
a daughter of Chester Cadwallader, of Waterloo, and to them have been born 
two sons and a daughter, Harold E., Paul E. and Alargaret E. Mr. Johnson is a 
member of the Masonic fraternity and is in hearty sympathy with the beneficent 
purpose of the craft. His deep interest in the cause of education is manifest in 
the fact that he is serving on the board of trustees of Cornell College and his 
humanitarian spirit finds expression in his service as a member of the board of 
directors of the Associated Charities. He likewise belongs to the Town Criers 
Club, an organization for the upbuilding of the city and the extension of its 
Imsiness connections. He is one of the leading residents of W^aterloo, active 
in all projects for the betterment and advancement of the city along material, 
intellectual, social and moral lines. He has a hand constantly outreaching to aid 
his fellow travelers on life's journey ; he is generous to the needy, sympathetic 
to those in distress and is constantly teaching by example as well as precept 
those views of life which recognize the opportunities of the individual and his 
duties and obligations toward his fellowmen. 



VELLAS L. SIMMONS. 

\ ellas L. Simmons is now the oldest photographer in Waterloo in years of 
continuous connection with the business. He is accorded a liberal patronage and 
he employs the latest improved processes and methods in photographic portraiture. 
He was born in Baldwinsville, New York, January i, 1855, a son of Leonard j. 
and Cordelia (Bishop) Simmons, both of whom were natives of the state of 
New York. The father was always a farmer and stockman and in the year 1857 
came wuth his family to the middle west, settling at Nora, Jo Daviess county, 
Illinois, where he continued to reside until his death about the year 1892. The 
mother continued to make her home in Jo Daviess county until 1908, and then 
came to Waterloo to live with her son, Amelias L., with whom she continued until 
she was called to her final rest on the 20th of May, 1914. 

Vellas L. Simmons was the second in order of birth in a family of four chil- 
dren and was only two years of age at the time of the removal of the family to 
Illinois. He pursued his early education in the country schools of Jo Daviess 
county and afterward attended high school at Warren, Illinois. When eighteen 
years of age he took up the study of photography and almost immediately began 
earning a salary. He was connected with a photographic studio at Lena, Illinois, 
where he remained for five years and at the end of that time went to West 
Liberty, Iowa, where he conducted a studio for a year. He then returned to 
Illinois, settling at Mendota, where he was employed in the line of his chosen 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 101 

vocation until 1883, when he came to Waterloo and purchased the business of 
J. P. King. He has since maintained his studio here and is now the oldest 
photographer in Waterloo in years of continuous connection with the business 
in this city. He devotes his entire time to the photographic art and his wife, 
who is also an experienced photographer, always assists him. 

It was on the loth of August, 1880, that Mr. Simmons was united in marriage 
to Miss Emma J. Letteer, who was born in Proctorville, Pennsylvania, a daughter 
of Sidney and Sarah (Wilson) Letteer, who were likewise natives of the Key- 
stone state. The father there learned the tailor's trade in early life and followed 
that pursuit for many years. He was born in 1813 and his death occurred in 
1888, while his wife, who was born in 181 5, passed away in 1890. They came to 
the west in 1866, settling first at Sublette, Illinois, and in 1883 they arrived in 
Waterloo, where their remaining days were passed. In this city the father lived 
retired from business, nor did he ever aspire to public office. He and his wife 
enjoyed the confidence and good-will of all who knew them and their circle of 
friends was an extensive one. Mrs. Simmons was the seventh in order of birth 
in a family of eight children and by her marriage has become the mother of two 
children. Charles W is a printer who is engaged in business under the name of 
the Stuart Simmons Press at West Waterloo. He married Miss Cherry Colby, 
who was born in W^aterloo, and they have two children, Charles V. and LeRoy. 
The daughter, Eva May, is the widow of Albert J. Abrams, who was formerly a 
resident of Dallas, Texas. He died April 30. 1914, and his widow, with their 
daughter, Eva Lulu, is now residing with Mr. and Mrs. Simmons. 

Mr. Simmons exercises his right of franchise in support of the men and 
measures of the republican party but is without aspiration for office. He be- 
longs to the Ancient Order of United Workmen, to the Mystic Toilers and the 
Bankers Life Association of Des Moines. He is well known in this city, where 
he has resided for almost a third of a century. He does excellent work in 
photographic portraiture but makes a special feature of commercial work and 
the walls of his studio are adorned with various fine specimens of his skill in 
this connection. 



FRED W. POWERS, M. D. 

Dr. Fred \\'. Powers, in former years actively, successfully and extensively 
engaged in the practice of medicine and surgery has now retired from that 
professional field and devotes his energies to financial afTairs as president of 
the Black Hawk National Bank of Waterloo, one of the largest and most im- 
portant moneyed institutions of the city. He was born in Benton county, Iowa. 
in 1868, and supplemented his public-school education by study at Cornell Col- 
lege of Mount Vernon, Iowa, thus gaining a broad literary learning to serve as 
a foundation upon which to build the superstructure of his professional training. 
Thinking to make the practice of medicine a life work, he entered the Univer- 
sity of Iowa and completed a course in its medical department with the class of 
1889. For twenty years he was one of the leading practitioners of Grundy and 
Black Hawk counties, spending thirteen years in Reinbeck and seven years in 



102 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Waterloo. His prominence in his profession is indicated in the fact that he 
served as president of the Iowa state board of health and of the Iowa state board 
of medical examiners. He kept in close touch with the progress of his profession 
while in active practice, was most careful in the diagnosis of his cases and was 
seldom if ever at fault in foretelling the outcome of disease. 

Dr. Powers performed his duties with a sense of conscientious obligation, 
but in 1909 he retired from the active practice of medicine to become active vice 
president of the Black Hawk National Bank, of which he is now the president. 
As chief executive officer he carefully directs the interests of the institution, 
ever recognizing the fact that that bank is most worthy of patronage which most 
carefully safeguards the interests of its depositors. His progressiveness is 
tempered by conservatism and the even balance maintained constitutes a potent 
force in the growing success of the bank, which is today one of the largest 
financial institutions of Waterloo. It was organized in 1903 and from the be- 
ginning has enjoyed a successful existence. Dr. Powers is also vice president 
of the Rice Savings Bank of Smithland, Iowa, and he is a member of the board 
of directors of the Iowa Life Insurance Company and its medical director. 

In 1889 occurred the marriage of Dr. Powers and Miss Pearl E. Thompson, 
of Reinbeck, by whom he has three children, Gladys Beulah. Evangeline and 
Fanchon Winifred. At the time of the Spanish- American war Dr. Powers was 
commissioned colonel by Governor Shaw for medical service at Jacksonville. 
He is a member of the Waterloo lodge of the Elks, also the Knights of Pythias, 
the Chamber of Commerce, the Waterloo Club, the Town Criers Club and the 
Country and Golf Club. He still retains his membership in the medical societies 
and his interest in sanitary and public health affairs. His acquaintance is wide 
and favorable. Sociability and unfeigned cordiality have made him popular 
among those with whom he has come in contact and ability has placed him in the 
front rank among the representative citizens of Waterloo. He has gained suc- 
cess, yet it alone has not been the goal for which he has striven, for he belongs 
to that class of representative American citizens who promote the general pros- 
perity while advancing individual interests. 



FRED S. PETTIT. 



Fred S. Pettit, who is ably filling the responsible position of clerk of the district 
court of Black Hawk county, entered upon the duties of that ofifice on the ist of 
April, 1912, having been appointed to fill out an unexpired term, and at the 
November election of the same year he was chosen by popular suffrage to fill 
the ofifice for a term of two years and was again chosen in November, 1914, when 
he polled the largest vote of the election. Those who have watched his course in 
office speak of him in terms of high commendation. 

Mr. Pettit is a native of Long Island, his birth having occurred at Flushing 
on the 31st of July, 1875, his parents being Gold S. and Julia A^ (Weeks) Pettit, 
who came to Iowa when their son Fred was a boy, settling at Cedar Rapids. In 
that city Fred S. Pettit was reared and educated, mastering the branches of 
learning taught in the public schools. In the spring of 1903 he arrived in Waterloo 




FKED S. PETTJT 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 105 

and on the ist of May, 1904, he became deputy clerk of the district court, re- 
maining in that position until he was appointed clerk of the court, as previously 
mentioned, his experience as deputy well qualifying him for the onerous duties 
which devolved upon him in his promotion. He has always been prominently 
identified with the republican party since age conferred upon him the right of 
franchise and he does everything in his power to legitimately promote its growth 
and insure its success, for he believes firmly in its principles as factors in good 
government. 

Aside from politics Mr. Pettit is deeply interested in the welfare of his city 
and puts forth effective effort for advancing its interests, being an active member 
of the Commercial Club and Chamber of Commerce of Waterloo. He was chair- 
man of the committee appointed by the Commercial Club and Chamber of Com- 
merce to participate in the opening of the Russell-Lamson Hotel, the finest hotel 
in the state of Iowa, and he has been actively connected with many projects which 
have had to do with the welfare and upbuilding of the city and with the promotion 
of its civic standards. 

On the 6th of November, 1901, Mr. Pettit was married to Miss Josephine 
Buchanan, of Cedar Rapids, and they have one child, Saxton B. The parents are 
members of the Westminster Presbyterian church, are active workers in its behalf 
and generous in its support. Along more strictly social and fraternal lines his 
connections are with the Knights of Pythias and with the Town Criers Club. 
Through the eleven years of his residence in Waterloo he has become widely and 
favorably known and today numbers many of the best citizens among his warm 
friends. 



C. H. NAUMAN. 



Success is not a matter of genius, as held by some, but is rather the outcome 
of clear judgment, experience and indefatigable energy — a fact which has been 
again and again demonstrated in the lives of prosperous men, men who have 
risen from humble positions in the business world to places of prominence and 
prosperity. Such has been the record of C. H. Nauman, president of the Nauman 
Company of Waterloo, manufacturers of bank and store fixtures, sashes, doors 
and house trimmings. He is a man of well balanced business capacities and 
powers, capable of mature judgment concerning his opportunities and those 
things which go to make up life's contacts and experiences. 

Mr. Nauman was born in Waterloo in 1862, pursued his education in the 
schools of this city and also took a commercial course at Dubuque. He was but 
two years of age when, in 1864, his father, Henry Nauman, formed a partner- 
ship with George P. Beck under the firm style of Beck & Nauman and established 
the business which is now being conducted by the corporation of which C. H. 
Nauman is the president. It was in 1856 that the father came to Waterloo, at 
which period there were no railroads in the town. He had to haul all the 
material used in the building of his house from Dubuque. In the years which 
followed he became more and more actively and prominently connected with 
the business interests of his adopted city. The firm which was established in 



V'Ol. II— 6 



106 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

1864 engaged in the manufacture of sashes, doors and mill work, and from his 
youth C. H. Nauman was in the shops and became familiar with every branch 
of the business, both in principle and detail. He completed his course in com- 
mercial college when about twenty-one years of age. At about the same time 
the foreman of the mill gave up his position, after which C. H. Nauman, to- 
gether with the pattern maker, had charge of the work. During that winter 
they got out all of the material for the Irving House and when that task was 
accomplished the firm retained C. H. Nauman as its foreman. Pie has con- 
tinuously been identified with the business and its development since that day. 

The papers of incorporation were taken out about 1886 or 1887 under the 
style of the Daniel & Nauman Company. Following the death of Mr. Daniel 
some time later the firm name was changed to the Beck, Nauman & Watts Com- 
pany and in 1899 ^he Nauman brothers purchased the interests of all the other 
stockholders and the style was changed to the Nauman Company, of which the 
officers are : C. H. Nauman, president ; and G. W. Nauman, treasurer. They 
have a large plant, which includes buildings on all four corners of Cedar street 
and Park avenue. They manufacture drug, bank and store fixtures, sashes and 
doors and all kinds of house trimmings and they employ an average of eighty 
men. Their output, which is now extensive, is widely shipped and the business 
is today one of the foremost productive industries of the city. Mr. Nauman is 
active in its management and control and has formulated many of the plans that 
have been carried forward to successful completion for the enlargement and- 
substantial development of the business. 

On the 1st of August, 1889, Mr. Nauman was married to Miss Katie A'efth, 
of Waterloo, and they have become parents of two daughters, Helen and Marie. 
Mr. Nauman is a member of Helmet Lodge, K. P., of Waterloo, and is well 
known and popular in that organization. Fie cooperates in many movements 
for the public good, but his business interests claim the greater part of his time 
and attention, and he has been an active factor in promoting one of the oldest 
and most substantial manufacturing plants of the city. 



G. W. NAUMAN. 



G. W. Nauman is the treasurer of the Nauman Company, which owns and 
controls the oldest manufacturing plant of Waterloo — a business devoted to the 
manufacture of store and bank fixtures, sashes and doors. Mr. Nauman was 
born in Waterloo in 1869 and his youthful experiences were such as usually fall 
to the lot of the lad who divides his time between the work of the schoolroom, 
the pleasures of the playground and such duties as are assigned him by parental 
authority. Flis father had embarked in business in Waterloo in 1864 and founded 
the enterprise which is now conducted under the name of the Nauman Com- 
pany. From early youth G. W. Nauman has been associated with the under- 
taking and as the years have gone on has become more and more active in its 
management and control. Eventually the interests of the house were taken over 
by the present proprietors, who have continued the business under the name of 
the Nauman Company. The plant is well equipped with the latest improved 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 107 

niachintry and there is every facility to promote the work and add to the excel- 
lence of the quality. 

In 1895 Mr. Nauman was joined in wedlock to Miss Wilda Holman, of 
Waterloo, and they have one daughter, Josephine. Mr. Nauman has membership 
with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks and in Masonry has advanced in 
the York Rite to the rank of Knight Templar in the command.ery. In business 
connections he enjoys a most enviable reputation. He has been trained insist- 
ently and carefully in the business with which he is connected and knows 
thoroughly every phase thereof. He has studied closely its opportunities and 
Ijy straightforward methods has increased its patronage. Energy and determina- 
tion have been the salient features in his advancement and his course is one 
which may well be followed by others. 



FRANK T. BENTLEY. 



In a record of the representative residents of Black Hawk county it is im- 
perative that mention be made of Frank T. Bentley, who for three terms or six 
years has filled the position of county treasurer and at fhe same time is well 
known in business circles as manager of the Bentley Brothers Bond & Insurance 
Company. He is a man of determined purpose, carrying forward to successful 
completion whatever he undertakes, and at all times his actions have measured 
up to high standards of manhood and citizenship. 

Mr. Bentley was born in Belmont county, Ohio, in 1871 and through the 
period of his youth was a pupil in the public schools there. On the ist of Janu- 
.ary, 1894, he arrived in Waterloo and soon afterward became connected with 
the United States Express Company, which he represented for five years. On 
the expiration of that period he was called to public office, having been appointed 
deputy county recorder, in which position he remained for one year. He after- 
ward spent nine years in the position of deputy treasurer and at the end of that 
time was elected treasurer. That he proved capable was but the logical result 
of his previous training in the office and that he has been twice reelected was but 
natural owing to the promptness and capability with which he has discharged 
his duties. Abraham Lincoln once said: "You can fool all of the people some of 
the time and some of the people all of the time, but you cannot fool all of the 
people all of the time," "and when a man is again and again chosen for office it is 
a self-evident fact that he is a man of worth and that his worth is widely recog- 
nized. This is certainly indicated in Mr. Bentley's fifteen years' connection with 
the office of county treasurer. In politics he has always been a stalwart repub- 
lican, earnest and unfaltering in his svipport of the party, and as the years have 
gone on his influence has been felt as a potent force in attaining republican 
successes. 

An equally creditable record has been made by Mr. Bentley in his business 
connections. He is a member of the Bentley Brothers Bond & Insurance Com- 
])any, of which he is the manager, and he is also one of the directors of the 
Perpetual Building & Loan Association. 

In January, 1895, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Bentley and Miss 
Lottie M. Jackson, a native of Ohio, and they have become the parents of two 



108 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

daughters, Lucile K. and Eleanor T. The family attend the First Presbyterian 
church, of which Mr. Bentley is an earnest and devoted member. He is serving 
as a member of the session and cooperates in movements which lead to the up- 
building of the church and the extension of its power and influence. He belongs 
also to the Chamber of Commerce and Board of Trade and seeks the welfare 
and upbuilding of the city, its improvement along various lines and the upbuild- 
ing of its civic standards. Fraternally he is a Knight of Pythias and he also 
belongs to the Town Criers Club. During the period of his residence in 
Waterloo, covering twenty years, he has become widely known and high regard 
is everywhere entertained for him by those with whom he has become associated 
through political, business or social connections. 



ALFRED W. MULLAN. 



Alfred W. Mullan, the present efficient city attorney of Waterloo, was bom 
in the city which is still his home, a son of Judge C. W. Mullan, of whom ex- 
tended mention is made elsewhere in this volume. At the usual age Alfred W. 
Mullan began his education in the public schools and passed through consecutive 
grades until graduated from the high school with the class of 1901. He after- 
ward attended Grinnell College at Grinnell, Iowa, and then in preparation for the 
practice of law entered the University of Iowa as a law student and won his 
LL. B. degree upon graduation with the class of 1908. The same year he was 
admitted to the Iowa bar and has since practiced law in Waterloo with the 
exception of two or three years spent in traveling. There is no question as to 
his ability. He is one of the youngest but also one of the most brilliant lawyers 
of Waterloo and his capability was recognized in his election to the office of city 
attorney in 1914. He is a member of the State Bar Association and his fellow 
members of the bar recognize his power and resourcefulness. He was gifted by 
nature with strong mentality and its development was wisely directed. He also 
keeps in touch with questions of general interest and thus is broadening the 
foundation upon which his success in practice is built. 



FRANK P. KEANE. 



Frank P. Keane, an able attorney at law of Waterloo, has here practiced his 
profession continuously for the past five years and is accorded an extensive and 
gratifying clientage. His birth occurred in Buchanan county, Iowa, on the 13th 
of June, i88t, his parents being John and Ellen (Considine) Keane, the former 
a native of Ireland and the latter of Iowa. In 1873, on reaching his majority, 
John Keane crossed the Atlantic to the L'nited States, locating first in Fitchburg, 
Massachusetts, but subsequently removing to Chicago, Illinois. In 1877 he came 
west to Iowa, taking up his abode in Buchanan county, where he was married 
soon afterward and settled down to farming. In 1885 he removed to Black 
Hawk county, purchasing land in Lester township, where he still makes his home. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 109 

The period of his residence here now covers about three decades and he is 
well known and highly esteemed as a representative citizen and prosperous agri- 
culturist. 

Frank P. Keane acquired his early education in the country schools and con- 
tinued his studies in St. Joseph's College of Ditbuque and later in Drake Uni- 
versity. Subsequently he prepared for a professional career in the College of 
Law of the State University of Iowa at Iowa City and won the degree of LL.B. 
in 1909. In June of that year he was admitted to the Iowa state bar and located 
for practice in Waterloo, opening offices in the Lafayette building. Since the 
completion of the First National Bank building, however, he has maintained his 
offices there. The zeal with which he has devoted his .energies to his profession, 
the careful regard evinced for the interests of his clients and an assiduous and 
unrelaxing attention to all the details of his cases, have brought him a large 
business and made him very successful in its conduct. 

In 1910 Mr. Keane was united in marriage to Miss Catherine Purtell, of 
Chicago, Illinois, by whom he has two children, Helen I. and Francis E. Mr. 
Keane gives his political allegiance to the democracy and is identified fra- 
ternally with the Knights of Columbus, the Foresters, the Modern Woodmen 
of America, the Royal Arcanum and the Loyal Order of Moose. Both he 
and his wife are devout communicants of the Catholic church. 



P. J. MARTIN. 



P. J. Martin is engaged in the real-estate business in Waterloo and his 
efforts in that direction have not only been a source of individual profit but also 
of the city's advancement and improvement. He it was who instituted the first 
lot sale on the installment plan in Waterloo, and something of the extent of his 
business is indicated in the fact that he has sold more than one thousand lots in 
the city. His birth occurred in Hardin county, Iowa, in i860. He was reared 
upon a farm there with the usual experiences that fall to the lot of the country- 
bred boy who divides his time between the work of the fields and the duties of 
the schoolroom. He remained on the old homestead until twenty-one years 
of age and then began learning telegraphy. He mastered the business and for 
thirteen years was employed as an operator by the Chicago & Northwestern 
and the Iowa Central Railroad Companies. On the expiration of that period 
he turned his attention to the drug business, conducting a store at Lake City, 
Iowa, and at other points for about four years. 

In 1897 ^^- Martin came to W^aterloo, where he opened a real-estate office 
and has since been actively and prominently engaged in that fine of business, 
buying, selling and platting property. He originated the idea of selling lots on 
the installment plan, thus disposing of the Grand Mew addition in 1905. This 
has proved such a popular and excellent method of disposing of realty that he 
has now sold more than one thousand lots, enabling many a man to obtain a 
home who could not have done so if full cash payment had been required. He 
also handles farm property and Texas lands and has negotiated many important 
realty transfers in that state as well as in Iowa. Mr. Martin has extended his 



110 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

efforts into other fields and is now tinancially interested in a number of im- 
portant enterprises in Waterloo. 

In 1884 Mr. Martin was united in marriage to ^liss Jessie L. Ayres, of 
Eldora, Iowa, by whom he has three children, namely: Blanche I., Gladys W. 
and Dorothy M. The parents hold membership in the Universalist church and 
Mr. Martin is a member of the Town Criers Club. He belongs to the Knights 
of Pythias lodge and is a very prominent Mason, connected with all the dif- 
ferent bodies of both the York and Scottish Rites, while upon him has been 
conferred the honorary thirty-third degree. His prominence in the order is 
indicated in the fact that he was grand master of the grand lodge of Iowa. Ik- 
is also an active factor in politics and has filled a number of local ofifices, in- 
cluding that of mayor, in which he served for four years, from 1901 until 1905, 
giving to the city a businesslike and public-spirited administration characterized 
by advancement and improvement along many lines. The steps in his orderly 
progression are easily discernible, for from the outset of his career he has 
gradually worked his way upward, proving his ability in many ways. He is 
today regarded as a forceful and resourceful business man of Waterloo and one 
whose efforts have been highly beneficial along many lines. 



CLAYTON E. BRONSON. 

Wide-awake, alert, enterprising and at all times watchful of opportunities, 
Clayton E. Bronson has gained a creditable position in insurance circles, is also 
known as one of the leaders of the republican party in Black Hawk county and 
was elected state representative in November, 19 14. He was born at Raymond, 
in this county, September i, 1881. a son of Lyman H. and Frances (Butterfield ) 
Bronson. The mother, who w-as a native of New York, passed away in Novem- 
ber, 191 2. The father, w^ho survives, is a native of Connecticut and in 1858 
took up his abode in Raymond, Black Hawk county, where he resided until 
after the outbreak of the Civil Avar, when he enlisted at Waterloo in 1863 as a 
member of the First Iowa Cavalry, remaining at the front until the close of 
hostilities and rendering valiant aid to the cause which he espoused. He voted 
for Abraham Lincoln in i860 and has always been a stanch republican, never 
failing to vote for each presidential candidate of the party since that time save 
in 1864, when he was on the field of battle. Folio v;ing his return at the close 
of the war he became identified with agricultural interests in Black Hawk 
county and was also president for many years of the Black Hawk County 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company. In 1900 he came to Waterloo, where he 
established his present insurance business. He has now resided in this county 
for more than a half century and has been an interested witness of its con- 
tinued growth and development. He has always taken an active interest in 
politics and done considerable to shape the history of the county along that 
line, yet he has never been an ofifice seeker. 

His son, Clayton E. Bronson, pursued a public-school education, which he 
completed by graduation from the East Waterloo high school with the class of 
1903. He afterward became associated with his father in the insurance busi- 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 111 

ness under the firm style of L. H. Bronson & Son, conducting a general insur- 
ance business. This is one of the oldest insurance firms in the city, the business 
having been established on the ist of January, 1900, by the senior partner. The 
insurance which they write annually amounts to a large figure, for they have 
gained an extensive clientage by reason of their honorable business methods, 
their well directed persistency and the fact that they represent a number of the 
most substantial old line companies. Aside from that business Clayton E. 
Bronson is also interested in several manufacturing enterprises and other busi- 
ness concerns of Waterloo and his sound judgment and keen sagacity constitute 
elements in their continued success. He is likewise interested in real estate in 
East Waterloo, having made investments from time to time until he is the owner 
of considerable property. 

On the 6th of October, 19 10, Mr. Bronson was united in marriage to Miss 
Nina Wangler. a daughter of R. C. Wangler, of Waterloo. . They have one 
daughter, Esther Jean. Mr. Bronson and his family are widely and favorably 
known in the city where they reside. He is a member of the Town Criers 
Club, of the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, of the Commercial Club and 
Board of Trade — associations which indicate much of the nature of his interests 
and activities. He has always been deeply interested in politics from his boy- 
hood days, giving his political support to the republican party, but he was for 
the first time a candidate for office, when in November, 1914, he was elected 
representative in the state legislature. Whether in office or out of it, he is 
loyal to the best interests of his community and belongs to that class of repre- 
sentative men who are constantly pushing forward the wheels of progress. 



WALTER A. BRYANT, Jr. 

Walter A. Bryant, Jr., is the secretary of the Bryant Asphalt Pavement 
Company, controlling one of the chief industrial enterprises of Black Hawk 
county. He is a man of determined purpose, allowing no obstacles or difficulties 
to bar his path if they can be overcome by persistent, earnest and honorable 
efifort. Energy has been the key that has unlocked for him the portals of suc- 
cess, and, stepping over the threshold, he has found broader opportunities which 
he is now wisely utilizing. 

A native of Illinois, Mr. Bryant came to Iowa when his parents removed to 
Cedar Falls, at which time he was a lad of eight years. His youthful days were 
there spent and the joys and pleasures of boyhood divided his time with the 
work of the schoolroom. He was comparatively young when he put aside his 
text-books and began to earn his living as an employe of the Burlington, Cedar 
Rapids & Northern Railroad, remaining in active connection with that company 
for five years. He then resigned his position and turned his attention to the 
lumber business, in which he engaged at Cedar Falls in partnership with his 
father. The new enterprise prospered from the beginning and W. A. Bryant, Jr., 
continued in active connection therewith for fourteen years, or until 1907, in 
which year the Bryant Asphalt Pavement Company was organized and incor- 
porated with a capital stock of two hundred thousand dollars. Of this company. 



112 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

W. A. Bryant, Sr., living at Cedar Falls, is now the president, with P. L. Bryant 
as vice president, W. A. Bryant, Jr., as secretary and G. E. Rolston as treasurer. 
They concentrate their energies largely upon asphalt paving and since the organ- 
ization of the company they have laid two million yards of asphalt pavement in 
various cities, over a half million yards being in Waterloo. There is no finer 
asphalt pavement to be found m any city in the country and Waterloo may well 
be proud of her public highways. 

Mr. Bryant is also interested in the W\ A. Bryant & Sons Company, dealers 
in coal and building materials, and is also a stockholder in the Bryant Motor 
Car Company. The firms with which he is connected have advanced steadily 
toward success. It is probable that all of the days in his career have not been 
equally bright but he possesses the strong purpose and firm determination that 
win success through honorable eflort and throughout his entire career he has 
ever followed a course which he believed to be right between himself and his 
fellowmen. 

Mr. Bryant has fraternal relations with the Benevolent Protective Order of 
Elks and is identified with the Chamber of Commerce and the Waterloo Club 
and also with the Town Criers Club. His nature is by no means self-centered 
but reaches out in sympathetic and helpful interest to many movements for the 
world's good and his public spirit finds many tangible proofs in his relation to 
the community. 



MAJOR WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT. 

Major William Cullen Bryant, long an honored and respected citizen of Cedar 
Falls, where for an extended period he engaged in the drug business, was born 
in Gilbertsville, New York, April 12, 1841, a son of John and Harriet C. (Gilbert) 
Bryant, the former a native of Chesterfield, Massachusetts, and the latter of 
England. The parents died during the early boyhood of their son, William Cullen. 
after which he resided with an older sister and her husband, who removed west- 
ward to Oshkosh, Wisconsin, when Mr. Bryant was a little lad of nine years. He 
was there living at the time of the outbreak of the Civil war and his patriotic 
spirit was aroused by the attempt of the south to overthrow the Union. Accord- 
ingly he enlisted at Oshkosh as a member of Company E, Second Wisconsin 
Regiment, which became a part of the famous "Iron" Brigade. After remaining 
for a time at the front he obtained a commission as a lieutenant in a regiment of 
colored troops and ultimately was promoted to the rank of captain, while on the 
13th of March, 1865, he was advanced to the rank of major. He remained for 
six years in the service, for after the cessation of hostilities, which resulted in 
the preservation of the Union, he served on the frontier in Texas for a time. 
It was there that he contracted a severe cold which brought on physical conditions 
that ultimately terminated his life. Having remained in the service for two years 
after the close of the war he was honorably discharged and mustered out in 
January, 1867, at Baltimore, Maryland. 

Major Bryant then came to Iowa and engaged in the drug business in Des 
Moines, remaining there for a year or two. On the expiration of that period he 




MAJOR WILLIAM' C. BRYANT 



J 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 115 

came to Cedar Falls, where he established a drug store, which he conducted with 
growing success until his health failed him and he was thereafter compelled to 
spend a large part of his time in the south. Accordingly he disposed of his busi- 
ness and went to Florida, where he remained for several months during each 
year, but he always regarded Cedar Falls as his home and continued to maintain 
a residence here until his death, which occurred on the 6th of November, 1905. 
He became the owner of considerable real estate and his sound business judgment 
was shown in his judicious investments in property. He was also a stockholder 
in local banks and his energy, enterprise and sagacity brought him substantial 
success in business, so that he left his wife in very comfortable financial cir- 
cumstances. 

It was in June, 1868, that Major Bryant was united' in marriage to Miss Vesta 
A. Bryant, the only child of Dr. Francis A. and Mary M. (Harmon) Bryant. 
Major Bryant held membership in the Ancient Order of United Workmen and 
in the Grand Army of the Republic, and Mrs. Bryant is now a member of the 
Woman's Relief Corps. He was a very prominent, helpful and active member 
of the Congregational church, held all of the offices in the church and for twenty 
years was superintendent of the Sunday school, his efforts constituting a vital 
force in the moral progress and development of the community in which jie made 
his home. He was a man highly esteemed wherever known and most of all 
where he was best known. His life record was one which would bear the closest 
investigation and scrutiny and there was not a single esoteric chapter in his 
history. He was constantly doing good to others and was ever reaching out a 
helping hand to assist a fellow traveler on life's journey. 



O. S. LAMB. 



In railway circles O. S. Lamb is widely known, being superintendent of the 
Waterloo, Cedar Falls & Northern Railway Company. The steps in his orderly 
progression are easily discernible. He has steadily advanced since starting out 
on his own account, eventually reaching the position of trust and responsibility 
that he now occupies. 

He was born in Vernon county, Wisconsin, in 1874, and at the age of ten 
years, his parents moved to South Dakota, where his father engaged in farming. 
In 1891, his parents moved to Lmcoln, Nebraska, where he attended the Normal 
University, pursuing a four-year course. At the end of that time, he became 
an employe of the Burlington Railway at Flavelock, Nebraska, learning the 
machinist's trade. He afterward was in the employ of dififerent railways in 
various parts of the country, until 1905, when he went to Oelwein, Iowa, where 
he became connected with the Chicago Great Western Railroad, remaining in 
the shops at that point until the spring of 1907, when he came to Waterloo, 
where he was made foreman in the shops of the Waterloo, Cedar Falls & 
Northern Railway Company. Subsequently he was promoted to the position of 
master mechanic, and afterwards was advanced to the position of superintendent 
of the road. His long experience, covering many lines of railroad work, had 
well qualified him for the onerous duties which devolved upon him. He has 



116 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

studied every phase of the business with which he has had to do and is thus 
capable of directing the men who serve under him. He is today regarded as 
most efficient in railroad circles with which he has been connected. 

At one time, he was air-brake inspector for the Mexican Central Railroad, 
with headquarters at Mexico City, and during the period of the Spanish- 
American War, he entered the service of the government, enlisting as a member 
of Company I, First Nebraska Volunteer Regiment, on the i8th day of June, 
1898. He remained with that command until honorably discharged at San Fran- 
cisco, California, on the 23d of August, 1899. During his service he was with 
the 8th Army Corps in the Philippine islands and during that period, partici- 
pated in sixteen engagements. His military record is a most creditable one and 
constitutes an interesting chapter in his life history, having brought him many 
new experiences. 

Following his return from the Philippine islands, Mr. Lamb was married in 
1899 ^o Miss Katie Cuddy, of Lincoln, Nebraska. They have become the par- 
ents of two children, Kathryn and Virginia. Mr. Lamb is a Mason and a 
member of the Eastern .Star. He is likewise a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and a member of the Commercial Club and Board of 
Trade. He has thus entered into active connection with organizations which 
are seeking to upbuild the city, extend its trade relations and advance its im- 
provement in many ways. 



FRANK I. EIGHMEY. 



Throughout his business career Frank J. Eighmey has been connected with 
banking interests and has risen from the humble position of messenger to that 
of president of the First National Bank of Waterloo. He is fortunate in that 
he possesses character and ability which inspire confidence in others, and the 
simple weight of his character and ability has carried him into important busi- 
ness relations. Iowa claims him as a native son, his birth having occurred on 
a farm in Black Hawk county on the 30th of March, 1862, his parents being 
Calvin W. and Katharine (Penne) Eighmey, the former a native of New York 
and the latter of Germany. The father was a farmer by occupation and in 
1849 removed westward to Iowa, settling in Dubuque, whence in 1852 he came 
to Black Hawk county, casting in his lot with the pioneer settlers. In the 
ensuing years he took an active and helpful part in the work of general improve- 
ment and development and continued his residence in the county until his death, 
which occurred August 6, 1907, when he had reached the age of seventy-six 
years. He was a son of Leman Eighmey, also a native of the Empire state. 

Frank J. Eighmey pursued his education in the country schools and in Til- 
ford Academy at Vinton, Iowa, from which he was graduated with the class of 
i88t. He afterward attended a commercial college at Dubuque and entered 
upon his business career as messenger in the First National Bank of that city. 
He spent three years in that institution and rose to the position of bookkeeper. 
He then went to Dell Rapids, South Dakota, where he organized the First 
National Bank of that place and was made cashier. He spent a year there and 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 117 

in 1886 came to Waterloo, where he entered the employ of the First National 
Bank as messenger. Twenty-six years brought him advancement through inter- 
mediate positions to the presidency, to which he was called in 19 12, and in this 
connection he is bending his efforts to administrative direction and executive con- 
trol. This is one of the strong financial institutions of the city, its progressive- 
ness tempered by a safe conservatism, while its policy is at all times thoroughly 
reliable. As the years have advanced Air. Eighmey has thoroughly acquainted 
himself with eveiy phase of the banking business and his knowledge and ability 
now enable him to find ready solution for mtricate and involved money problems, 
lie is also the president of the Highland Improvement Company of Waterloo 
and is regarded as a prominent factor in the business circles of the city. 

On the 18th of August, 1886, in South Dakota, Mr. Eighmey was united in 
marriage to Miss Jennie M. Wilson, by whom he has the following children: 
Gladys K., who is the wife of A. L. Alexander, of Waterloo; Paul W. ; and 
Allene M. Mr. Eighmey belongs to the Ancient Order of United Workmen and 
to the Royal Arcanum. The rules which govern his conduct are further indicated 
in the fact that he is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. He belongs 
to the Commercial Club and cooperates in many ways in the plans and projects 
for the upbuilding and development of the city. His political allegiance is given 
to the republican party and he has served as city treasurer of Waterloo on several 
dift'erent occasions and also as treasurer of the school board. Flonored and 
respected by all, there is no man who occupies a more enviable position in busi- 
ness and financial circles than does Frank J. Eighmey, not alone by reason of the 
notable success he has attained but also owing to the straightforward and credita- 
ble business policy that he has ever followed. 



J. A. ZOOK. 



J. A. Zook is senior partner in the firm of Zook & Bentz, proprietors of the 
oldest plumbing establishment in Waterloo, and a life of industry, continuous 
and intelligently directed, has brought to him a substantial measure of pros- 
perity. He was born in Jackson county, Iowa, April 13, 1861, a son of Jacob 
and Fllizabeth (Goodwin) Zook, who came to this state from Indiana about 
1854. The father purchased a farm ten miles from Maquoketa, residing thereon 
until about 1882, when he removed to Cedar county, where his death occurred 
a decade later, or in 1892, when he had reached the age of seventy-six years. 
His wife passed away in 1903, at the advanced age of eighty-one years. 

J. A. Zook spent his boyhood days in his parents" home and during that 
period attended the public schools in the acquirement of that education which 
has been the basis of his subsequent business advancement. When about eighteen 
years of age he went to work in a hardware store in Tripoli, Iowa, and in 1882 
made his way to Winnipeg, Canada, where he again found employment in a 
hardware establishment. While thus engaged he took up the plumber's trade, 
dividing his time between the store and work at the trade for a year or more. 
Later he returned to Iowa, settling in Cherokee, Avhere he continued work at 
the hardware business and also at the plumber's trade, remaining in that city 



118 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

for five years. On the expiration of that period he came to Waterloo in 1890 
and entered the employ of the Cutler Hardware Company, with which he re- 
mained for three years. In February, 1893, he embarked in the plumbing busi- 
ness on his own account and for two years operated independently. In 1895 he 
formed a partnership with George L. Wilber, organizing the firm of Zook «& 
Wilber. and a year later Charles K. Bentz became one of the owners of the 
business, buying out the interest of Mr. Wilber. Smce that time the firm of 
Zook & Bentz has conducted the leading plumbing establishment of Waterloo, 
with a business that in volume and importance exceeds all others. 

In 1884 Mr. Zook married Miss Nellie A. Monty, of Allison, Iowa, by whom 
he has six children, as follows: Beatrice, who is the wnit of Dr. R. D. Tififany, 
of Hollywood, California ; Marguerite, at home ; Earl, engaged in the insurance 
business, who is also at home; and Irene, Robert and Jack, who are likewise 
yet under the parental roof. Irene and Robert are high-school students, while 
Jack is in the grammar school. 

Mr. Zook exercises his right of franchise in support of the men and meas- 
ures of the republican party but the honors and emoluments of ofiice have had 
no attraction for him, as he has always preferred to devote his attention to his 
business afifairs. Fraternally Air. Zook is connected with Waterloo Lodge, No. 
105, A. F. & A. M. ; Waterloo Chapter, No. 52, R. A. M. ; Ascalon Command- 
ery. No. 25, K. T. ; and Helmet Lodge of the Knights of Pythias. In these 
organizations he is well known and his worth is just as widely recognized in 
business circles and in social relations. 



WTLLIAM P. EIGENMANN. 

William P. Eigenmann is the president and manager of the Artificial Ice & 
Fuel Company and, working his way steadily upward since the outset of his 
career, he has reached a creditable position, his record proving what may be 
accomplished when determination and energy are the salient traits of character. 
He has lived in Waterloo for only three years but during this period has made a 
most commendable record and today enjoys the high regard, confidence and 
good-will of his fellow townsmen. He was born in 1876, in Rockport, Spencer 
county, Indiana, where he was reared and educated. He became engaged in the 
manufacture of ice at Rockport, and there continued in business for sixteen 
years. In fact, throughout his entire business career he has been connected with 
this line of activity and there is no feature of the business with which he is not 
familiar. 

In September, 191 1, he came to Waterloo and since that time has been most 
active in developing the interests of the Artificial Ice & Fuel Company, of which 
he is now the president. The plant was established in 1907, manufacturing ice 
that year for the first time. In 1909 the business was incorporated with a capital 
stock of forty-two thousand dollars, Amos Wood, Sr., being the first president. 
At that time the incorporated name was the Waterloo Artificial Ice Company. 
In March, 1914, a reorganization occurred and the name of the corporation was 
changed to the Artificial Ice & Fuel Company. The new company was capitalized 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 119 

for twenty-live thousand dollars, with William P. Eigenmann as president and 
manager and R. W. Gibson secretary and treasurer. They have a capacity of 
thirty tons, which they expect to increase to forty tons before the close of the 
year. Their ice business has increased steadily and they also enjoy a gratifying- 
trade in fuel. Their business methods are thoroughly reliable and a spirit of 
progress actuates them at all times. 

Mr. Eigenmann was married in 1903 to Miss Molly Gage, of Grand View, 
Indiana, and they have one son, Loren Gage. Mr. Eigenmann holds member- 
ship in the Masonic fraternity, having attained the Royal Arch degree. He also 
belongs to the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks and to the Commercial Club 
and Board of Trade. Waterloo is actuated by a spirit of advancement and a 
great many of her business men are associated in a combined and unified efifort 
to promote the trade interests of the city, with a result that is manifest in the 
rapid and substantial growth which Waterloo has enjoyed in recent years. With 
this movement Mr. Eigenmann has become identified and responds readily to 
every call for the benefit and upbuilding of town and county. At the same time 
he carefully and wisely directs his individual interests and year by year his 
success is increasing. 



JOHN E. O'KEEFE, M. D. 

Dr. John E. O'Keefe is the senior partner in the firm of O'Keefe, Brown & 
Hoftmann, which is one of the leading firms of physicians and surgeons not 
only of Waterloo but of this section of the state. All three are progressive, 
energetic young men actuated by laudable ambition to attain high rank in their 
profession, and already pronounced ability has gained them notable prominence. 
Dr. O'Keefe was born in Black Hawk county, September 6, 1871, and was 
reared to farm life until he attained his sixteenth year, attending the district 
schools. At that period in his life he entered the Waterloo Collegiate & Com- 
mercial Institute, from which he was graduated when twenty-one years of age 
or in 1892. In the fall of that year he entered the College of Medicine of the 
University of Iowa and is numbered among the alumni of that institution of 
the class of 1896. 

Following his graduation Dr. O'Keefe opened an office at Eagle Center, 
Iowa, and a year later, or in 1897, came to Waterloo. In the intervening period 
of seventeen years that has brought him to the present he has placed himself 
in the front rank of medical practitioners in this city. He has constantly read 
and studied and has drawn logical and valuable deductions from his experience. 
He is always careful m the diagnosis of his cases and his efforts have been 
attended with most creditable success. Since 1903 he has given his attention 
largely to special preparation for surgical work. He took the regular surgical 
course in the New York Post Graduate School and Hospital in that year and 
the same year took special work in the New York Polyclinic School and FIos- 
pital. F"or several years past he has made it a point to attend each year the 
leading clinics of the United States and in 1914 he visited the large hospitals 
and medical centers of Great Britain and Europe, investigating the advanced 



120 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

methods of eminent physicians and surgeons of the old world. He has kept 
abreast of the improvement in medical and surgical science at all times and is 
today ranked among Waterloo's most successful professional men. He belongs 
to the Waterloo Medical Society, the Black Hawk County Medical Society, the 
Iowa State Medical Society and the American Medical Association. He is 
likewise a member of the Austin Flint District Medical Society and the Missouri 
\ alley Medical Society, the Clinical Congress of Surgeons of North America 
and at the present time is a delegate of the last named to the convention which 
will meet in Boston, Massachusetts, in 191 5, havmg been elected while attending 
the session of that organization that convened in London, England. He was the 
first secretary of the Waterloo Medical Society, has also served as its president 
and has been president of the Black Hawk County Medical Society. 

In 1898 Dr. O'Keefe was united in marriage to Miss Dora Wade, of Nor- 
folk, Nebraska. Dr. O'Keefe belongs to Waterloo Lodge, No. 290, ]>. P. O. E., 
to the Knights of Columbus and to the Catholic church. In these are mdicated 
the underlying principles which govern his actions and guide him in every rela- 
tion. He has ever manifested the deepest interest in his profession, finds joy 
in adding to his knowledge and in discovering new methods which are of value. 
As the years have passed on he has progressed by reason of his broad study and 
increasing experience, and the confidence entertained in his professional ability 
is indicated in the liberal patronage accorded him. 



WILLIAM A. WELTY. 



William A. W'elty, the inventor and patentee of Welty's fountain pen and 
now a resident of Waterloo, was born in Ohio in 1873 and comes of German and 
Scotch-Irish parentage. In early boyhood he acquired an excellent education and 
at all times during his life has been much inclined to mechanical investigation, 
even as a boy having equipped a workshop in his owm home. He .sold books in 
order to acquire the means that would enable him to pursue a college education 
and in early life he was also elected by his church as financial secretary of the 
Ashland University at Ashland, Ohio, and during his incumbency in that office 
he cleared the university of indebtedness. While traveling throughout the llnited 
States in order to raise funds for the school he gained an unusual insight into 
business affairs which fitted him for the commercial career upon which he after- 
ward entered. 

In 1903 Mr. Welty became connected with the rtrm of Matt Parrott & Sons 
as blank book salesman and auditor, at which time he took up the sale of fountain 
pens as a side line. Continued complaints of dealers and users of leaking, blot- 
ting and dropping convinced him that something very essential had been missed 
in pen construction. The public declared that fountain pens never would be a 
success. Careful investigation disclosed that while hundreds of more or less 
practical ideas had been used, particularly as to the methods of filling, etc.. that 
absolutely nothing had been done which would improve the feeding of the ink — 
right where the real trouble lay. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 121 

The fountain pen industry at that time was only twenty-one years old and 
most of the factories had been going ahead on the old plug feed idea, taking it 
for granted that if any improvements could be made, Paul E. Wirt, the original 
manufacturer, or one of the older organizations, would make them. Some of 
these manufacturers knew that most of the dropping and leaking was due to 
a lack of proper air entrance and were trying various ways to control this. These 
facts were ]\Ir. Welty's inspiration. While others hesitated he pondered, and 
one Sunday, while resting in a hotel, the comparison of the spasmodic flow from 
the neck of a bottle suddenly occurred to him. That bubble of air must certainly 
go up the single feed channel in a fountain pen, as they were then constructed, 
just the same as it did in the neck of a bottle. He knew that if you held a bottle 
at an angle to empty it, the flow is less spasmodic than if held straight upside 
down. Right here dawned the great idea of the air vent in the feed and he at 
once took the plug feed out of one of his samples and set to work with a pocket 
knife and file and roughly cut out a model. This worked better and on showing 
it to several dealers they urged him to obtain a patent, for which he applied 
December 6, 1904, and which was granted November 7, 1905. To reach a further 
degree of feed perfection he conceived the idea of the "side or sub ducts," which 
was patented on October 30, 1906. 

During this time Mr. Welty was still selling blank books and enjoying a nice 
sale of his pens, which were made for him by a manufacturer in Janesville, Wis- 
consin. Noting the growing demand for self fillers, his inventive genius again 
showed in the cam locking ring style (now known as the Wawco), which he also 
patented in 1906. The increased popularity of the product led him, in March of 
that year, to install a small plant and he began making his own product in the 
rear of a little office supply store. A one-thousand-dollar order from a Min- 
neapolis jobber was a great encouragement, and as fast as he could turn them 
out, Mr. Welty went out and sold more, while an expert pen maker was also 
hired to help in the manufacture. A little advertising in trade journals and the 
enthusiasm of his friends aroused the fear of a then established manufacturer 
of self fillers in Toledo, Ohio, who thought to intimidate Mr. Welty by infringe- 
ment proceedings, but the latter won. While this case was pending the idea came 
to do away with the locking ring and the present interlocking self filler patent 
was granted March 30, 1909. The Toledo firm then interviewed him with a 
view of purchasing this patent, but he refused. They then made a very flatter- 
ing offer to take all his output of this holder equipped with the Welty feed, which 
he also declined, as he was firmly convinced that he had an article of real merit 
and that its future was assured. His ambition was aroused to see his product 
in not only national but international demand. Patents had by now been granted 
him in foreign countries. 

His friends stood loyally by him. During an international Bible conference 
of the Presbyterian church at Winona Lake, Indiana, in August, 1907, of which 
a personal friend, Dr. J. Wilbur Chapman, an evangelist, is director, Dr. Chap- 
man from the platform recommended the Welty pen to an assembly of five 
thousand ministers and as a result over six hundred dollars' worth were sold at 
retail there. Mr. Blessing, manager of the Presbyterian board of publication, 
also advertised the Welty pen in his book catalogues and bulletins, thus assisting 
in the publicity of "The Pen With Merit." Over three hundred traveling men 



122 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

with headquarters in Waterloo became enthusiastic boosters of Welty pens, a 
home product, and orders were received from various quarters through their 
influence. Thus the business grew. 

All this time Mr. Welty was engaged in selling at retail adding machines, 
typewriters, office supplies, etc., using the profits to forward the pride of his life 
— the W^elty fountain pen. About this time the real battles developed. The 
Welty "New Idea" pen was rapidly growing in favor and orders could not be 
filled owing to lack of capital for rough stock and new machinery. A silent part- 
ner who advanced some cash did not help much, because he was inactive yet was 
getting most of the profits. A new partnership was formed with an active part- 
ner which continued for one year. Again Mr. Welty assumed full control of the 
business by purchase. Another time local capitalists offered to incorporate with 
him with a paid up capital of one hundred thousand dollars and let Mr. Welty 
sell the goods. Here the unfortunate experience of Roy Conklin. who several 
years before had been thus displaced in Toledo, Ohio, stood as an example to 
Mr. Welty and he declined, being determined to reap the benefits of the product 
of his own brain. Handicapped even to the extent of at times returning money 
sent in for goods, he still plugged along, showing a tenacity of purpose and busi- 
ness ability seldom seen in an inventor. His unusual selling ability is demon- 
strated by the fact that all this time he had been doing all his own selling and 
helping in the shop between trips, selling all he could get money enough to manu- 
facture, and still the business kept on growing. Finally came a time w^hen he 
found it a physical impossibility to handle both the inside and outside business 
and offered William T. Fitzpatrick, who was enjoying a nice business in the 
selling of Welty pens in Montana, a third interest, which the latter accepted. 
The partnership thus resulting was so harmonious and the continued expansion 
of the business so rapid that the William A. Welty Company was incorporated 
in March, 1913, and with a further addition of capital and increased manufactur- 
ing and marketing facilities is enjoying the steady, consistent growth which merit 
always wins. Waterloo has every reason to be proud of the enterprise which has 
here been established but prouder still of the man whose ability and indomitable 
spirit has made it possible. 



ROBERT E. MONTAGUE. 

The history of a community does not depend so much upon the machinery of 
government or even upon the men who fill the public offices as those who control 
the important business enterprises, furnishing a market for labor and producing 
an output that brings the community into business relations with the outside 
world. In this connection Robert E. Montague is wxll known, being the president 
of the Waterloo Skirt & Garment Company. For nine years he has made his 
home in Waterloo and is accounted one of its foremost citizens. He is a native 
son of Illinois, bom in 1875, and came from that state to Waterloo in 1905. 
When fourteen years of age he became connected with the business in which he 
is still engaged, having spent nearly a quarter of a century in activity along this 
line. The Waterloo Skirt & Garment Company was organized about eleven years 




EOBERT E. MONTAGUE 



1 

J 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 125 

ago. After a few years' connection therewith Mr. Montague purchased the in- 
terest of G. B. McWilliams in the business and succeeded him in the presidency of 
the company, which is incorporated with the following officials : R. E. Montague, 
president; G. N. See, treasurer; and F. C. Stetzel, secretary. They manufacture 
a large line of house dresses, petticoats, kimonos and children's wear, and in 
addition to the extensive plant at Waterloo they also have a factory at Cedar 
Falls and at Waverly and keep on an average of two hundred and fifty employes, 
while upon the road they are represented by eighteen traveling salesmen. They 
do a business that extends from coast to coast and something of the volume of 
their trade is indicated by the fact that they cut up about ten thousand yards of 
cloth per day in the manufacture of their output. This is one of the important 
productive enterprises of the city. The business is carefully systematized and 
managed. Mr. Montague is familiar with every phase of the trade and has in- 
troduced well devised methods to such a degree that there is no useless expendi- 
ture of time, labor or material — which is the secret of all success in business. 

In 1895, Mr. Montague was united in marriage to Miss Grace J. Pendleton, 
of Tennessee, and they have a daughter, Gladys Emma. Mr. Montague and his 
family are members of the Grace Methodist Episcopal church and he belongs also 
to the Commercial Club and Board of Trade of Waterloo. He belongs to that 
public-spirited, useful and helpful type of men whose ambitioas and desires are 
centered and directed in those channels through which flow the greatest and most 
permanent good to the greatest number. 



JOHN G. BICKLEY, M. D. 

Dr. John G. Bickley is numbered among the honored and highly respected 
residents of Waterloo, where he is now living retired, although for an extended 
period he was actively engaged in the practice of medicine in this city, of which 
he became a resident in 1862. He was then but ten years of age, his birth 
having occurred in Pennsylvania in 1852. He was graduated from the Waterloo 
high school and, having determined upon the practice of medicine as a life work, 
he afterward entered the medical department of the Iowa State University. 
Later he became a student in the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia, from 
which in due time he was graduated, and still later he was graduated from the 
Chicago College of Homeopathy, now the Hahnemann Medical College. Immedi- 
ately afterward he located in Waterloo and the thorough preparation which he 
had made for professional duties enabled him to meet with almost immediate 
success in practice. 

At different times Dr. Bickley has gone abroad for further study and in 
European centers has investigated the methods of many of the most eminent 
physicians and surgeons of the old world. Broad reading has also kept him in 
touch with advanced medical thought and research and, although now practically 
living retired, he has practiced for a longer period in Waterloo than any other 
physician of the city. He still retains membership with the Hahnemann Medical 
Association of Iowa. As the years have gone on and Dr. Bickley has won suc- 

\'ril. II— 7 



126 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

cess he has made extensive and judicious investments in real estate, in which he 
is now heavily interested in Waterloo and its vicinity. 

On the 22d of September, 1881, Dr. Bickley was united in marriage to Miss 
Eva Pitcher, who died in 1890, leaving four sons: Carl C. and John Cecil, both 
of whom are practicing physicians of Waterloo; Robert S.. a physician of New 
York city ; and Emil B., now a medical student in Columbia University of New 
York city. After the death of his first wife Dr. Bickley was married on the 
30th of April, 1910, to Miss Tina Stewart, a native of Waterloo and a daughter 
of John and Isabella (Robertson) Stewart, who came to this city in May, 1867. 
The father, who followed farming as a life work, died about twenty years ago, 
but the mother is still living. They reared a family of eight children, all of whom 
reside in Waterloo or its vicinity with the exception of one sister who is living 
in Canada. 

Dr. Bickley and his wife are members of the Christadelphian church. For 
several years past he has spent the winter months in Los Angeles. California, 
while the summer seasons are passed in Waterloo, where for many years he has 
been numbered among the foremost citizens. His life work has brought him into 
close connection with many families here and he is no more highly esteemed for 
his pronounced professional skill than he is loved for those personal qualities 
w^iich endear man to man. Because of the innate refinement of his nature he 
rejects everything opposed to good taste, and the high ideals which he has ever 
cherished for his profession, in citizenship and for the individual find embodi- 
ment in practical effort for their adoption. 



J. E. ARMSTRONG. 



J. E. Armstrong is president of the Armstrong Manufacturing Com.pany of 
Waterloo, in which city he has resided since 1908. Throughout this period it is 
well known that his business has ever balanced up with the principles of truth 
and honor and he has become the strong center of the community in which he 
moves. The enterprise of which he is now the head and which is Waterloo's 
pioneer manufacturing industry had its inception in 1867. A half century ago 
Henry Kelley invented and patented the cam and treadle drilling machine and in 
1867 he with several associates organized this company under the name of the 
Morgan, Kelley & Taneyhill Company, the name being later changed to Kelley 
& Taneyhill. After Mr. Kelley's death it was again changed, becoming in 1909 
the Armstrong-Ouam Manufacturing Company, which name was continued until 
the present title of the Armstrong Manufacturing Company was adopted in 191 1. 
The business had been incorporated in 1900. Since 1867 this company has been 
continuously engaged in the manufacture of the most successful and complete 
line of portable well drilling and prospecting machinery and supplies on the 
market and for a number of years has been manufacturing a complete line of 
high grade gasoline engines. The present capitalization of the company is 
two hundred and fifty thousand dollars and the officials are: J. E. Armstrong, 
president ; J. F. Landgraf , vice president ; and C. L. Armstrong, secretary and 
treasurer. The business has grown to extensive and gratifying proportions and 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 127 

they now have branch houses at Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada ; Los Angeles, 
CaUfornia, and in New York city. Their factory buildings cover an entire block 
and their large and commodious office building is located upon the opposite side 
of the street. The plant is thoroughly equipped with the latest improved machin- 
ery to facilitate the work and the extensive output is sent not only to all parts 
of this country but they likewise do an extensive business in foreign trade. 

Aside from his interests in this connection Mr. Armstrong is president of the 
Charles City Engine Company and is vice president of the Novelty Iron Works 
at Dyersville, Iowa. His plans are carefully formulated and promptly executed 
and he readily recognizes the possibilities of a situation and utilizes its opportuni- 
ties. He is diligent and determined and possesses in large measure the spirit 
of initiative. Through the steps of progressive achievement he has reached his 
present notable position as one of the foremost business men of Waterloo. He 
is a member of the Commercial Club and Board of Trade and is interested in 
promoting in every possible way the business connections of the city. 



RUSSELL L. DEGON. 



Waterloo on the whole has been signally favored in the class of men who have 
occupied her public offices. Among these in the year 1914 is Russell L. Degon, 
who is serving as city clerk and auditor and is making a creditable record in the 
office. He was born in Racine, Wisconsin, in 1883, a son of James D. and Etta 
E. (James) Degon, who reside at No. 932 Logan avenue in Waterloo, the father 
being now a passenger conductor on the Illinois Central Railroad. 

Although born in Wisconsin, Russell L. Degon was but a young lad when his 
parents removed with their family to Freeport, Illinois, where his childhood days 
were passed and his education was largely acquired. After attending the public 
schools of Freeport, however, he entered the high school of Dubuque, Iowa. He 
also pursued a course of study in the Waterloo Business College and one month 
before his class was graduated accepted a position with the Illinois Central Rail- 
road, remaining in active connection with the mechanical and store departments 
until the ist of January, 191 1. 

Mr. Degon was then called to public office, being appointed deputy county 
auditor of Black Hawk county, which position he filled until April, 1912, when he 
was elected city auditor of Waterloo and at the same time was appointed clerk 
by the city council. On the ist of April, 1914, he was reelected for another two 
years' term and was again appointed city clerk. His official service is highly 
commendable and will at all times bear the closest investigation and scrutiny, for 
he is prompt, methodical and accurate and at all times is actuated by a spirit of 
devotion to the public good. Mr. Degon has always taken an active interest in 
politics since age conferred upon him the right of franchise and he has served 
as a member of the republican central committee on three di'fiferent occasions. 
He has also been a delegate to the state conventions of his party and his opinions 
carry weight in its local councils. He is furthermore connected with the interests 
of Waterloo as a holder of city real estate and he is a stockholder m the Illinois 
Central Railroad. 



128 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

In 1906 Mr. Degon was united in marriage to Miss May Banton, of Waterloo, 
a granddaughter of Dr. Banton, one of the pioneer physicians of the county. 
Mr. and Mrs. Degon have one child, Juanita May. The parents are members of 
Christ Episcopal church and are held in high regard wherever known. Mr. 
Degon is very prominent in fraternal connections. He belongs to the blue lodge, 
chapter, council and commandery, all Masonic bodies of Waterloo, and he initi- 
ated, passed and raised his father in the first three degrees of the Masonic order. 
He has been most active as a worker in the craft and has been recorder of Ascalon 
Commandery, No. 25, K. T., for four years. He likewise belongs to El Kahir 
Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., and in 1907 was the youngest Shriner in the state. 
He is also active in the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks and at the present 
time is the esteemed leading knight. He has membership with the Tribe of Ben 
Hur and in organizations of a purely local character his connection is with the 
Town Criers Club and the Commercial Club and Board of Trade of Waterloo. 
He has the happy faculty of not only winning but of retaining the friendship of 
those with whom he is brought in contact. He has many attractive personal 
qualities and his capability along various lines adds to the high regard in which 
he is uniformly held in W\aterloo and throughout T>lack Hawk county. 



F. B. DIETRICK. 



During the period of his residence in Waterloo F. B. Dietrick has made for 
himself a creditable name in connection with business interests, being now cashier 
of the Security Savings Bank. He was born in Bremer county, Iowa, in 1865, 
a son of William S. and Sarah Ellen Dietrick. The father came to Iowa in 1856 
and settled on a farm in Bremer county, where he lived until 1866, when he 
brought his family to Waterloo, where he embarked in merchandising, in which 
he continued for about two years, when he went to Raymond, where he was con- 
nected with mercantile interests for thirty-five years, or until the time of his 
death, becoming one of the valued and representative citizens as well as leading- 
merchants of that place. 

F. B. Dietrick lived in Raymond until seventeen years of age and then engaged 
in the railroad business, learning telegraphy. He spent about twelve years as an 
operator and after discontinuing his efforts in that connection became an employe 
of the Farmers Loan & Trust Company at Fonda, Iowa. Later he was made 
cashier of the Randolph State Bank, now the First National Bank of Randolph, 
in which he continued for two years. On the expiration of that period he 
returned to Waterloo and was with the First National Bank of this city for about 
thirteen years. He then became cashier of the Security Savings Bank and as 
such is widely and favorably known not only in the city, but also in the county. 
His ability and worth are widely recognized. His powers have constantly 
expanded through the exercise of eft'ort and gradually he has worked his way 
upward, utilizing each opportunity to the best advantage. He is a man of reso- 
lute purpose and exemplifies in his life the progressive spirit of the age. He is 
a stockholder in the Security Savings Bank, in the First National Bank and the 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 129 

Waterloo Skirt & Garment Company and has thus extended his connections until 
in business circles he occupies an enviable position. 

On the 14th of May, 1889, Mr. Dietrick was united in marriage to Miss Lillian 
H. Beeman, of Des Moines. They are well known socially in Waterloo and are 
numbered among the valued and consistent members of Grace Methodist Epis- 
copal church, in which Mr. Dietrick is serving on the official board. His fraternal 
connections are with the Masons and the Knights of Pythias and he is a member 
of the Commercial Club and Board of Trade. While laudable ambition has 
prompted him in his business career he has always recognized the duties of 
citizenship and has met his obligations in that connection in a most commendable 
way. Iowa has reason to be proud to number him among her native sons and in 
Waterloo, where he has long resided, he has gained an extensive circle of friends. 



R. A. ELLIS. 



R. A. Ellis is an enterprising business man of Waterloo, where he has made 
his home for fourteen years. He represents industrial activity here as senior 
partner in the firm of Ellis & Foster, proprietors of a plumbing establishment. 
Moreover, he is closely connected with the city's welfare and the management of 
municipal interests as alderman at large. 

Mr. Ellis was born in Bremer county, Iowa, in 1866, a son of J. G. Ellis, a 
native of England, who on first coming to the United States settled in New York. 
In 1853 hs traveled westward with an ox team to what was then the frontier, 
establishing his home in Bremer county, Iowa. He was the first sheriff elected 
in that county and served for three terms at a time when crime was rampant, 
especially horse stealing, and he had various thrilling escapes while discharging 
his arduous and ofttimes dangerous duties. He was a very efficient sheriff" and 
succeeded largely in suppressing crime and in driving out of his county the horse 
thieves that infested it in the early years of his incumbency in that office. For 
an extended period he was actively interested in the agricultural development of 
his county, carefully conducting his farming interests in a way that brought to 
him substantial success. In fact, he left the impress of his individuality for good 
upon the history of his county in many ways. He died in the year 1894 and his 
death was deeply regretted by all who knew him. His VN^ife, who bore the maiden 
name of Sarah Meade, was a native of New England and they reared a family 
of four daughters and one son. 

R. A. Ellis spent his youthful days in Bremer county, obtaining a public- 
school education and meeting many of the experiences of life on the frontier. 
He learned the plumber's trade and, settling in Cedar Falls, continued work at 
his trade and also served as a member of the city council. Fourteen years ago 
he came to Waterloo and established a plumbing business under the firm name 
of Ellis & Foster, which has continued to the present time. He has been very 
active in this Hne of work, his business keeping pace with the rapid growth of 
the city, which he has seen develop from a comparatively small town to a place 
of more than thirty-five thousand inhabitants. He has had contracts for the 
plumbing in many^of the city's best buildings and is now installing the plumbing 



130 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

in the Thomas A. Edison public-school building at a cost of twelve thousand 
dollars. This is indicative of his prominent position in the field of business to 
which he has directed his energies. His patronage is very extensive and his 
business has long since reached large and gratifying proportions. He is also 
acting as president and secretary of the Iowa State Master Plumbers Associa- 
tion. 

On the 22d of September, 1890, Mr. EUis was united in marriage to Miss 
Mary P'oster, of Bremer county, and they have become parents of three children. 
Harry, the eldest, was educated at Cedar Falls and at Waterloo and is now man- 
ager of the Waterloo Storage Battery Company. Ruth, who was graduated from 
the high school of this city, is now a student in the Waterloo Business College. 
Helen is now attending the West Waterloo high school. 

The parents are members of St. Mark's Episcopal church and Mr. Ellis has 
served as vestryman. He is a well known Mason, holding membership in the 
lodge, chapter and council, and for twenty-five years he has been a member of 
the Knights of Pythias. He also has membership in the Chamber of Commerce 
and in the Waterloo Club. Outside of his business he is perhaps best known 
through his political activity, for he has been an earnest worker in the ranks of 
the democratic party almost from the time when age conferred upon him the right 
of franchise. He is now serving for the second term as alderman at large, having 
been called to that office by appointment to fill out an unexpired term, after which 
he was elected to the position. He exercises his official prerogatives in support of 
many measures and plans for the public good and works against useless expendi- 
ture of the public funds, yet does not believe in barring progress by parsimonious 
retrenchment. Advancement has ever been his watchword and it characterizes 
his public duties as well as his business affairs. He now has an attractive home in 
Waterloo and also a cottage down on the river bank, where he and his family 
spend the summer months. 



E. T. SADLER. 



E. T. Sadler is editor of The Milk Trade Journal and The Creamery Journal, 
published at Waterloo, in which city he dates his residence from 1900. He was 
born in Buchanan county, Iowa, in 1883 and was educated in the schools of 
Hazleton, Iowa, and in the West high school of Des Moines, supplemented by a 
course in the Waterloo Business College, from which he was graduated with the 
class of 1902. He then became associated with the Fred L. Kimball Company, 
with \vhich he has since been connected. He has been editor of The Creamery 
Journal for six years and of The Milk Trade Journal since the publication was 
started. These are two trade papers of great value to those who are conducting 
business along the lines indicated. The papers meet every requirement of the 
milk producer, giving valuable knowledge concerning methods and the market. 
Mr. Sadler is also secretary and treasurer of the Iowa Milk Dealers Association 
and is treasurer of the Iowa State Dairy Association. He has made a close study 
of everything connected with the production, care and sale of milk and his opin- 
ions are largely accepted as authority upon such questions. He is the author 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 131 

of a well known song and one very popular among dairymen, "Everybody Milks 

in Iowa." 

In 1909 Mr. Sadler was united in marriage to Miss Nona Ricker, of Sioux 
Falls, South Dakota, and they have a daughter, Shirley Jane. The parents are 
members of Grace Methodist Episcopal church and Mr. Sadler belongs to Helmet 
Lodge, No. 89, K. P. He is likewise a member of the Town Criers Club, the 
Commercial Club and Board of Trade, and the United Commercial Travelers. 
He has never allowed personal interest or ambition to thwart his public activities 
and cooperates in many measures for the general good. Whether in pubhc or 
private connections he is energetic and persistent in action, swift in decision, 
quick in perception and stable in purpose. 



ASHLEY ATWOOD DUNHAM. 

When the machinery of public service is kept in good running order the 
average citizen does not stop to think of all the labor, care, foresight and execu- 
tive ability which this involves, but such qualities are just as indispensable m 
the management of public utilities as in the control of individual business enter- 
prises. In Ashley Atwood Dunham Waterloo has a chief of her fire department 
of which she has every reason to be proud, for he has made an excellent record 
in this connection from the old days of a volunteer fire department until the 
present time when he is at the head of the fire-fighting forces of the city. 

Mr. Dunham was born in Canada September 16, 1864, and there resided untd 
he reached the age of seventeen years, when he came to Waterloo, where he 
learned the baker's trade, which he followed for three years. He then went to 
Montana, where he spent two and a half years working in the mines. Upon his 
return to Waterloo he took up carpentering and was identified with that trade 
until 1895 when he engaged in the grocery business, which he still conducts under 
the firm name of Dunham cK: Sohner. Theirs is a well appointed establishment, 
supplied with a large line of staple and fancy groceries, and the business methods 
of the house are in keeping with the highest standard of commercial ethics. A 
liberal patronage is accorded them and as a result of their honorable methods and 
earnest desire to please their patrons their business is growing year by year. 

Mr Dunham was the last chief of the volunteer fire department of Waterloo, 
acting in that capacity from 1899 until 1904. The rapid growth ot this city 
seemed to make it imperative that a pay department be established, wnich was 
done in 1904, and Mr. Dunham remained as chief. He knows every inch ot 
ground in the city and has carefully systematized the work of the department, 
rendering a great conflagration almost an impossibility. He has secured the 
latest improved fire-fighting apparatus and is most capable in directing the efforts 
of his men when their services are called upon. 

Mr. Dunham has been married twice. He first wedded Matilda Sohner, who 
died about eleven years ago, leaving two daughters, Alice and Agnes. Following 
the demise of his first wife Mr. Dunham wedded her sister, Mary Magdalene 
Sohner, their marriage being celebrated in 1909. 



132 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Mr. Dunham is a member of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, of the 
Fraternal Union and the Yeomen, while in Masonry he has attained high rank, 
being connected with the blue lodge and also with the chapter, council, com- 
mandery and Shrine. A resident of Waterloo from the age of seventeen years, 
he is widely known here and his public service as well as his business connections 
have established him high in the regard of his fellow townsmen, who entertain 
for him good-will and great esteem. 



HIRAM BROWN HOXIE. 

Hiram Brown Hoxie is treasurer of the Waterloo Fruit & Commission Com- 
pany, of which he was one of the principal organizers, and he is still actively 
interested in the business although he has now reached the age of seventy-eight 
years. Advanced age, however, need not suggest as a matter of course idle- 
ness or want of occupation, for when one has wisely used his time and his 
talents, his powers increase and he grows stronger mentally and morally as the 
years go on, giving out of the rich stores of his wisdom and experience for the 
benefit of others. Such is the record of Mr. Hoxie, who was born in Cayuga 
county, New York, November 25, 1836. a son of Jonathan Johnson and Lydia 
(Brown) Hoxie, both of whom were natives of the state of New York. The 
father was born in Middletown, August 2J, 18 10, acquired a public-school edu- 
cation and afterward engaged in teaching in the schools of Canada. He served 
as captain in the state militia. He devoted his early life to the business of a 
carpenter and contractor but afterward became a merchant. In his later years 
he and his wife joined their son, Hiram Brown Hoxie, in Waterloo, where the 
mother passed away in 1887, while the father, surviving for twenty years, died on 
the I2th of March, 1907. They had a family of four children, of whom Hiram 
Brown Hoxie is the eldest. Augusta Elmina, born at Summer Hill, Cayuga, 
county. New York, August i, 1840, became the wife of Henry Otis Landphere 
and resides in Cortland county. New York. Charles Henry, born February 19, 
1844, died in Waterloo in August, 1914, survived by a widow. Ellen Violetta, 
born at Summer Hill, New York, January 9, 1847, Ijecame the wife of George 
S. Brown and both are now deceased. 

Hiram Brown Hoxie was reared at home and acquired a common-school 
education. After reaching manhood he was employed for some years in his 
father's store in Summer Hill, New York, and afterward became identified with 
the lumber business, in which he continued actively until after the outbreak of 
the Civil war. His patriotic spirit being aroused by the continued attempt of 
the south to overthrow the Union, he put aside all commercial and personal con- 
siderations and enlisted as a member of Company B, Seventy-fifth New York 
Regiment. In 1863 he was commissioned a lieutenant of Company B, Eighty- 
eighth United States Colored Infantry, with which he served until honorably 
discharged in the fall of 1864 following the consolidation of regiments. 

Mr. Hoxie then returned to his home in New York and engaged in land 
speculation and in the purchase and sale of live stock, both branches of his busi- 
ness bringing to him creditable success ; but the opportunities of the middle west 



Ed 



O 




HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COLXTY 135 

attracted him and in 1868 he made his way to Iowa, porchasing a farm in Barclay 

tov»Tiship, Black Hawk coimt\-. The land was wild and undeveloped and there 
were no improvements upon the place in the shape of buildings. He erected 
a frame house sixteen bj" twenty-four feet with a kitchen lean-to, and thereafter 
began the development of the fields, breaking the sod, planting the crops and in 
due time gathering good harxests. Year after year he continued to successfully 
cultivate his farm until Tanuarv- 1. 188S, when he removed to \Vaterloo to ento" 
upon the duties of count}" sheritt, to which office he had been elected in the fall 
of 1S87. Lxjyalt}" and fidelity" characterized his discharge of the work of the 
office and he made such a creditable record during his first term that he was 
reelected on three successive occasions, remaining the incumbent in that office 
for fotir terms. He retired from the position as he had altered it — with the 
confidence and good-will of all concerned. He was afterward engaged for three 
years in foreclosing mortgages, selling bankrupt stocks of goods, acting as receiver 
and in other such positions. In 1S99 ^^ became one of the dominant factors in 
the organization of the Waterloo Fniit & Commission Company, with which he 
\\-a5 actively engaged until 1912. and he is still treasurer of the company! although 
he has largely relegated to others the management and active control of the 
business. 

In 1870. at Moimt Carrt^ Illinois. !Mr. Hoxde was united in marriage to 
Miss Ruth A. Pierce, who was bom in Lapeer. Xew Ycnk, June 13, 1S44, a 
daughter of Ezariah and Maigaret ( Hilsinger i Pierce. Her grandfather, 
Xathaniel Pierce, was bom in Pro\-idence. Rhode Island, Mandi 2, 1783. He 
was a farmer by occupation and on his remo\-al westward settled in Cortland 
county. Xew York. On the trip he was accompanied by two cousins: William 
Saunders, who \\-as the author of a series of spelling books and readers widely 
used in the pubhc schools; and Charles Saunders, who afterward b«3ime an 
influential member of the bench and bar of Xew York city. Xathaniel Pierce 
was united in marriage to Xancy Harvey, who was bom Februar\- 25, 17SS. and 
died in Cortland count\-. Xew York. 

Elzariah Pierce \A-as bom in Cortland count)-. Xew York, April 17. 181 1, 
acquired a common-school education and was reared as a farm boy. Before the 
era of railroad building in central Xew York he bought and hauled produce to 
Xew York cit\- and upon the return trips would take back a load of merchandise. 
For years he engaged in selling ties to the railroads, also supplying cordwood, 
which was the fuel used in the engines, and likewise engaged in the sale of 
lumber. He wedded Margaret Hilsinger. who was bom in Scholiarie count>-, 
Xew York, and \\-as a representative of one of the early Dutdi famiUes from 
Holland. The deadi of Elzariah Pierce occurred in Cortland county, Xew York, 
in 1854, and his wife passed away in the same count\\ February- 27. 1S60. They 
were sincere and consistent members of the Christian church. In politics Mr. 
Pierce A\-as a whig and he held numerous local c^ces, the duties of which he 
discharged with promptness and fidelity-. In their family were two childroi: 
Ambrose, who was bom in 184.O and died in early manhood: and Mrs. Hoxie, 

The laner was bom at Lapeer. Xew York. Tune 13. 1S44, and was graduated 
from a pri\-ate school of Marathon. Xew York, known as the Marathon Academy. 
She afterward entered the Cazeno\-ia Seminarv- and still later was graduated 
from the Oswego (X. Y.) Xormal Training school. She th«i took up the 



136 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

profession of teaching in the city of Oswego and was connected with the schools 
there until 1870, when she came to the west to teach. After a short stay at the 
home of her cousin, Judge Hilsinger, in Sabula, Iowa, she became the wife of 
Hiram Brown Hoxie. For a brief period following her marriage she taught in 
the Normal Institute at Iowa Falls. To Mr. and Mrs. Hoxie have been born 
three children : Wirt P., who holds the office of county attorney in Black Hawk 
county; Nellie Ninon, who is the wife of Cecil E. Kell, of White River, South 
Dakota, and has one living child, Cecil Edward, who was born in White River, 
July 8, 1914; and Ralph J., the secretary and manager of the Waterloo Fruit & 
Commission Company. 

Since age conferred upon him the right of franchise Mr. Hoxie has voted 
for the men and measures of the republican party. Fraternally he is connected 
with Waterloo Lodge, No. 105, A. F. & A. M., and also the Royal Arch chapter 
at Waterloo. He is likewise a member of the Waterloo Commercial Club and 
is thus active in the movements promulgated for the benefit of the city and the 
extension of its trade relations. He is widely and favorably known throughout 
Black Ha^vk county, where he has now lived for forty-six years. There are 
few phases of its growth and development with which he is not familiar and at 
all times he has been an interested witness of its growth and advancement and 
in various ways has contributed to the upbuilding of this section. He is highly 
esteemed and his warmest friends are those with whom he has long been asso- 
ciated — a fact which indicates that his career is one which wdll bear close 
investigation and scrutiny. 



SIDNEY D. SMITH, M. D. 

Dr. Sidney D. Smith is one of the successful young practitioners of medicine 
and surgery in Waterloo and has already won an enviable reputation in profes- 
sional circles of Black Hawk county. His birth occurred in Watertown, New 
York, on the Sth of September, 1884, his parents being Stephen R. and Jennie 
(Mendell) Smith, natives of Jefferson county. New York. Colonel Sidney J. 
Mendeil, the maternal grandfather of our subject, held the rank of colonel in 
the Thirty-fifth New York Regiment during the period of the Civil war. In 
1866 he took up his abode among the pioneer settlers of Franklin county. Iowa, 
where he continued to reside until his death, which occurred in 1909, in the 
eighty-seventh year of his age. Stephen R. Smith, an agriculturist by occupa- 
tion, resided on his farm in Jefferson county. New York, until 1907 and since 
that time has made his home in Rochester. 

Sidney D. Smith obtained his early education in the public schools and sub- 
sequently attended L-nion Academy of Belleville, New York, from which he was 
graduated with the class of 1903. In the fall of 1906 he entered Cornell Medical 
College and in 1910. after two years' study in Ithaca and two years' instruction 
at New York city, won the degree of M. D. He afterward spent a'oout fifteen 
months as an interne in the J. Hood Wright Hospital in New York and on the 
expiration of that period came to Iowa on a visit._ Being attracted to Waterloo 
and believing it to be a favorable field for a young medical practitioner, he opened 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 137 

an office and has since remained here, having built up an extensive and lucrative 
practice. He has recently been elected coroner of Black Hawk coimty and in that 
capacity is also making a most creditable record. 

On the 24th of June, 1914, Dr. Smith was united in marriage to Miss Ruba 
M. Christie, of New York city. He is a popular member of the Waterloo City 
Medical Society and is identified fraternally with the following organizations : 
Waterloo Lodge, No. 105, A. F. & A. M. ; Helmet Lodge, No. 89, K. P. ; and 
Waterloo Lodge, No. 328, L. O. M. He conforms his practice to the highest 
professional ethics and has already won flattering success for one of his years. 



BURTON E. WILSON. 



Burton E. Wilson, a real-estate and insurance agent of Waterloo, in which 
citv he has made his home for eleven years, is a native of Illinois but has been 
a resident of Black Hawk county through four decades. His father, Samuel 
Wilson, became one of the pioneer settlers of this county and is still living at 
Hudson at the venerable age of eighty-two years. He was born in Herkimer 
county. New York, in 1832 and in early manhood wedded Mary A. Sutton, whose 
birth occurred in Oswego county, New York, in 1835 and who is also yet living. 
At the time of the Civil war he became a member of Company F, Eighty-second 
Regiment of New York Volunteer Infantry, and was in the service for three 
years and four months, after which he was honorably discharged because of 
physical disability. In the meantime, however, he had participated in a number 
of hotly contested engagements and had proven his valor and loyalty on various 
battlefields. Following the war Mr. Wilson brought his family to the middle 
west. He lived for a time in Illinois and then came to Black Hawk county, where 
he carried on general farming. 

Burton E. Wilson, brought to Iowa during his early boyhood, was reared 
in Black Hawk county and acquired his education in its public schools until he 
left the Waterloo high school. Later he entered Til ford Academy and in early 
manhood taught school in both Black Hawk and Benton counties. He then 
turned his attention to general farming and stock-raising and was thus closely 
associated with the agricultural interests of the county for a considerable period, 
but in 1903 left the farm and removed to Waterloo, where he established a 
real-estate and insurance office and is still engaged in that business in addition 
to carrying on his farming interests. He has largely owned the real estate in 
which he has dealt in Waterloo and Black Hawk county, making purchases out- 
right rather than selling on commission. Lie is likewise greatly interested in 
western lands. Each year he has built a few houses in Waterloo for sale or 
rent and his business is thus proving an element in the improvement and adorn- 
ment of the city. He also conducts a general business in all branches of insur- 
ance and the policies which he writes represent a large figure annually. He like- 
wise has other business connections. Fie is financially interested in still other 
lines which contribute to his individual success and at the same time are factors 
in public prosperity. 



138 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

In 1898 Mr. Wilson was united in marriage to Miss Celia Glenny, a daughter 
of Alexander Glenny. They hold membership in the First Congregational church 
of W^aterloo, of which Mr. Wilson is now clerk. He belongs to the Knights of 
Pythias and Odd Fellows lodges, the Modern Woodmen camp and the Sons of 
\'eterans. He is also identified with the Chamber of Commerce, with the 
Waterloo Club, the Town Criers Club and the Waterloo Traveling & r.usiness 
Men's Association. Flis interests and activities have been constantly broadening 
in their scope and in their usefulness. He finds time for all of the duties that 
devolve upon him in different relations and in connection with his fellow towns- 
men attempts to meet the public needs while at the same time he carefully con- 
ducts his business affairs. He is a self-made man and one who is deserving of 
much credit for what he has accomplished, for personal energy and industry 
have been the foundation upon which he has builded his success. 



HON. HORACE BOIES. 

Flon. Horace Boies was twice governor of Iowa, serving as chief executive 
of the state from 1890 until 1894. lie has ])rol)ably been mentioned more fre- 
quently and more prominently throughout the United States than any other 
resident of Iowa. His capabilities naturally qualify him for leadership and upon 
the history of the commonwealth he has left an indelible impression, his efforts 
being for many years one of the potent elements of progress and improvement 
here. He was born in Aurora, Erie county, New York, December 7. 1827, a 
son of Heber and Hattie (Henshaw) Boies. The father was a farmer in moder- 
ate circumstances and was a soldier of the War of 1812. He was descended from 
French ancestry, the family name being originally Du Bois. The orthography, 
however, was changed by some of the earlier American ancestors to its present 
form. The first of the family who came to this country was David Boies, who 
settled in Blanford, Massachusetts. His family numbered several children, one 
of whom was Joel I'oies, grandfather of the Hon. Horace Boies. The governor's 
mother was the daughter of a farmer of Fnglish descent, who served as a soldier 
in the Revolutionary war. 

Horace Boies was reared in the usual manner of farm lads to the age of six- 
teen years and after reaching the age of ten years he worked on the home farm 
in the summer and attended the district schools in the winter seasons. On reach- 
ing the age of sixteen he decided to start out in the world in order to make his 
own living and, leaving his home in the Empire state, made his way westward to 
Wisconsin. He spent four years in southern Wisconsin and northern Illinois, 
working as a farm hand through the summer seasons and teaching or attending 
school in the winter months. In 1847 ^^ returned to New York and there on the 
TOth of May, 1848, married one of his schoolmates. Miss Adella King, who was 
then nineteen years of age. Through his wife's influence he entered a law office, 
that of S. S. Clark, of Boston, Erie county. New York. He did farm work and 
chores to pay his expenses and Mrs. Boies supported herself by teaching school. 
He was endowed by nature with strong mentality and he applied himself with 
such thoroughness to the mastery of legal principles that at the end of two years 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 139 

he was enabled to pass the required examination which secured him admission 
to the bar. He then engaged in general practice and followed his profession in 
or near Buffalo and throughout the surrounding district until 1867. No dreary 
novitiate awaited him. His powers as a lawyer were soon manifest and his cli- 
entage steadily increased. He became, too, a recognized leader in political circles 
and was elected to the lower house of the New York legislature. 

Mr. Boies was called upon to mourn the loss of his wife in 1855. In the 
spring of 1857 he visited Waterloo, Iowa, and again in the winter of 1857 ^^<^ 
1858. It was during that winter that he married Versalia M. Barber, a daughter 
of the late Dr. Barber, of Waterloo, and in the spring of 1867 he came to this 
city and continued in practice until elected governor. He was one of the most 
distinguished members of the Iowa bar. At different times he was in partner- 
ship with H. B. Allen, who retired at length on account of failing health; with 
Judge Couch, who was elected to the district court; and James L. Husted, who 
remained with him until Mr. Boies became Iowa's chief executive. In the mean- 
time his sons, E. L. Boies and Herbert B. Boies, had been admitted to the bar 
and had joined the firm, which later became known as Boies & Boies. For some 
time after the governor's retirement from office he gave some attention to his 
practice but spent nmch of his time on his farm in Grundy county. The later 
years of his life have been spent there and in southern California, where he is 
now making his home. 

Governor Boies has one child by his first marriage, now Mrs. John ,Carson, 
of Mount \'ernon, Iowa. To his second marriage were born three children : 
E. L. ; Jessie B., who died January i, 1894; and Herbert B., of Waterloo, now 
serving as district judge. 

Governor Boies has never belonged to any church or society other than the 
Good Templars, which he joined in his boyhood days. He was the first democrat 
elected governor of Iowa after 1855 and the only one to hold that otifice in over 
half a century. It is a credit to his party as well as to himself that he was one 
of the three or four ablest governors the state ever had. It has been the simple 
weight of his character and ability that has carried him into the positions of 
prominence which he has occupied. As a lawyer he was sound, clear-minded and 
well trained. The limitations which are imposed by the constitution on federal 
powers are w^ell understood by him. With the long line of decisions from 
Marshall down, by which the constitution has been expounded, he is familiar, 
as are all thoroughly skilled lawyers. He is at home in all departments of the 
law, from the minutiae of practice to the greater topics wherein is involved the 
consideration of the ethics and the philosophy of jurisprudence and the higher 
concerns of public policy. But he is not learned in the law alone, for he has 
studied long and carefully the subjects that are to the statesman and the man 
of affairs of the greatest import — the questions of finance, political economy, 
sociology — and has kept abreast of the best thinking men of the age. In his 
practice he proved felicitous and clear in argument, thoroughly in earnest, full of 
the vigor of conviction, never abusive of his adversaries, imbued with highest 
courtesy, and yet a foe worthy of the steel of the most able opponent. 

That he was reelected governor in a state that has been a recognized repub- 
lican stronghold speaks volumes concerning his ability, and an enumeration of 
those men of the present generation who have won honor and public recognition 



140 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

for themselves and at the same time have honored the state in which they belong 
would be incomplete were there failure to make prominent reference to Horace 
Boies, who held distinctive precedence as an eminent lawyer and statesman, as 
a man of marked intellectual attainments and one who conducted himself with 
signal capability, dignity and honor in the highest office within the gift of the 
people of the state, winning the respect of all. A strong mentality, an invincible 
courage, a most determined individuality have so entered into his makeup as to 
render him a natural leader of men and a director of public opinion. His influ- 
ence has been felt not only in Iowa but throughout the country, for his views 
have carried weight in councils where the best thinking men of the nation were 
assembled for the discussion of vital and significant problems. 



BENJAMIN J. RODAMAR. 

Benjamin J. Rodamar is now livmg retired in Waterloo after long, close and 
successful connection with the agricultural interests of this section of the state. 
He came to Black Hawk county on the 14th of April, 1869. and through all the 
intervening years has been a loyal and valued citizen of the community. Mis 
birth occurred in Somerset county, Pennsylvania, in 1845 'irid he was only about 
eighteen months old when his mother died. Through the period of his boyhood 
and youth he lived with different people and he learned to know the full mean- 
ing of the question "What is home without a mother?'' 

It was in March, 1868, that Mr. Rodamar made arrangements for having a 
home of his own in his marriage to Miss Susan hike, also a native of Somerset 
county, Pennsylvania. A year later he started for the west with his young bride 
in search of a favorable location and on the 14th of April, 1869, they arrived in 
Black Hawk county, where they have since resided, [""or a time ]\Ir. Rodamar 
worked by the day at driving oxen and at any other employment which he could 
secure. Thus the summer passed and in the following winter he secured a posi- 
tion as teacher of a school. This was not his initial experience in that profession, 
for he had already taught for nine years in Pennsylvania and was principal of a 
school at Meyersdale, Pennsylvania, in 1867. In 1870 Mr. Rodamar turned his 
attention to farming, ])urchasing eighty acres of land in Eagle township. The 
tract was entirely destitute of improvements, being just as it was when it came 
from the hand of nature. No road to Waterloo had at that time been laid out 
and in those early years he met many of the hardships and difficulties incident to 
pioneer life. At that early period when he wished to take his grain to market he 
would have to unload his wheat and carry it on his back across the slough? and 
then get the wagon and oxen across and reload. Thus he would go on until he 
reached the town, where he would sell ofttimes at a very low price. Many were 
the evidences of frontier life which surrounded him, but by diligence and careful 
planning Mr. Rodamar won success and kept adding to his holdings from time 
to time until within the boundaries of his farm were comprised four hundred and 
eighty acres of rich and productive land which he brought to a high state of 
cultivation. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 141 

Mr. Rodamar not only proved a capable and progressive farmer but also 
became an active factor in the public life of the community and was prominent 
in the councils of the people of his township, who honored him with election to 
the office of county supervisor, in which position he served for a number of years. 
He was also auditor of the county for nine years and during that time continued 
to carry on the work of the farm, although he made his home in the city while 
the incumbent in the office. Following his retirement from official position he 
returned to the farm and thereon remained until 19 lO, when he disposed of his 
land and took up his abode in Waterloo, where he has since lived retired, enjoying 
the fruits of his former toil. 

Mr. and Mrs. Rodamar have become the parents of nine children and the 
record is a most notable and unusual one in that the family circle yet remains 
unbroken. The sons and daughters are : Henry Ward, who is now engaged in 
agricultural pursuits at Hood River, Oregon; Ira, who is cashier of the Leavitt 
& Johnson National Bank of Waterloo ; Albert, who is engaged in the drug busi- 
ness in Baker City, Oregon; Emma, the wife of John Mericle, who is conducting 
a lumber yard at Montevideo, Minnesota ; Grace, the head bookkeeper for the 
Iowa Manufacturers Association, Waterloo; Lottie, the wife of William Moss, 
who is engaged in fruit-raising in the state of Washington ; Alta, the wife of Ira 
Blough, cashier of the Iowa State Bank at Waterloo; Lillian, also in the Leavitt 
& Johnson National I'ank. Waterloo ; and Hortense, who is a teacher in Iowa 
Falls. 

Mr. Rodamar is today one of the most highly respected residents of Waterloo. 
He has made his home in the county for forty-five years and has therefore wit- 
nessed much of its growth and development, while his efiforts have been an ele- 
ment in its agricultural progress. He deserves much credit for what he has 
accomplished in that he started out empty-handed and through the period of his 
youth had no special advantages and opportunities. He possessed a resolute 
purpose, however, and the years have brought a success which is the fitting crown 
of his persistent, earnest labor. 



SIMON J. TEDFORD. 



Among the leaders in commercial and financial circles of La Porte City is 
Simon J. Tedford, president of the Union State Bank. He was born in Preble 
county, Ohio, on the 30th of April, 1851, a son of John L. and Elizabeth (Joh) 
Tedford, natives of Ohio and West X'irginia respectively. The father gained a 
livelihood for himself and family by farming and cultivated land in Ohio until 
1853, in which year he removed to Tama county, Iowa. He became the owner 
of a farm there, entering the same from the government, and devoted his time to 
agricultural pursuits until he retired from active life. For five years before his 
cleath he made his home with his son and on the 12th of January, 1902. passed 
to his last reward. His wife had preceded him many years, departing this life 
on the 6th of April, 1876. 

Simon J. Tedford was but an infant whep his parents took him to Tama 
county and there he passed the days of his boyhood and youth. He entered the 



142 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

public schools at the usual age and acquired a serviceable education. He 
remained upon the farm with his parents until he was twenty-five years of age 
and then bought eighty acres of fine land in Tama county, which he improved 
and operated for two years, after which he sold out and removed to Kansas. 
He remained in the Sunflower state but a short time, however, returning to Iowa 
and buying a farm in Benton county. He resided upon this property for twelve 
years and made many improvements upon it in that time. His next removal was 
to La Porte City, where he engaged in the lumber business for eight years, after 
which he retired. He has since resided here, enjoying a life of comparative 
leisure. He is interested in a number of business and financial* concerns in the 
county and is president of the L^nion State Bank of La Porte City, with which he 
has been connected for fourteen years. This position entails upon him considera- 
ble responsibility and demands quite a little of his time, but he is so constituted 
that a life of inactivity and idleness would be distasteful in the extreme. He is 
also a stockholder in the Farmers Loan & Trust Company of Waterloo, president 
of the La Porte City Sewer Company, and a stockholder and director in the 
Farmers Mutual Insurance Association, which has its headquarters at Waterloo, 
Iowa. His business acumen and sound judgment have been of great value in the 
management of these companies and his advice is often sought by those who 
know his ability to counsel wisely. 

On the 2d of March, 1876, Mr. Tedford was married to Miss Sylvia V. 
Smith, a daughter of Isaac and Eleanor (Marsh) Smith. Her father was a 
native of New York but at an early day removed to Michigan and farmed there 
until 1854, when he made his way still farther west, locating in Tama county, 
Iowa. He bought land there and devoted the remainder of his active life to its 
cultivation. He passed away in 1874 and the demise of his wife occurred in 
1904. To Mr. and Mrs. Tedford have been born three children: Belle E., the 
wife of R. H. Gardner, a farmer residing in Eagle township, this county; Maude, 
at home; and Ora I., the wife of J. W. Kober, who is engaged in the clothing 
business in La Porte City. 

Mr. Tedford is a progressive republican and at the polls supports the policies 
in which he believes. He has served upon the city council for four years and 
for several years has been a member of the school board. There are many in 
the county who are his loyal friends and those who have known him most inti- 
mately value his good opinion most highly and his character is of such sterling 
worth that it is most appreciated where best known. 



HOWARD M. SMITH. 



Howard M. Smith is general superintendent of the Citizens Gas & Electric 
Company of Waterloo, in which city he has resided for three and one half years. 
His birth occurred near Nashua, but across the line in Bremer county, Iowa, in 
1 881, and his boyhood days were spent upon a farm in that county, where he 
lived until he had attained his majority, dividing his time between the work of the 
fields, the duties of the schoolroom and the pleasures of the playground. At 
length he entered the Iowa State College at Ames and was graduated on the 




HOWAED M. SMITH 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 145 

completion of a course in electrical engineering with the class of 1905. Subse- 
quently he spent six months in Hammond, Indiana, with the gas company of 
that place and on the expiration of that period went to Mobile, Alabama, where 
he remained for four and one-half years with a gas company. On severing that 
connection he took up his abode in Waterloo, where he accepted the superin- 
tendency of the gas department of the Citizens Gas & Electric Company. Ability, 
however, won him advancement and since the ist of January, 1914, he has been 
general superintendent of the entire plant. 

Waterloo is a growing western city. It has developed rapidly in recent years 
and its outlook for the future is bright. Among the organizations which have 
been formed to advance its interests and upbuilding are the Commercial Club and 
Board of Trade, the Chamber of Commerce and Waterloo Club and the Town 
Criers Club, with all of which Mr. Smith is identified. He likes to be in touch 
with those hustling activities which are resultant factors in the public welfare 
and his efforts in that connection have been far-reaching and beneficial. 

In 1907, Mr. Smith was united in marriage to Miss Ethel Cagley, of Nashua, 
and to them has been born a daughter, Dorothy I. The parents are members of 
the Congregational church and are well and favorably known in Waterloo, having 
gained many warm friends during the comparatively brief period of their residence 
here. 



BENJAMIN J. HOWREY. 

Benjamin J. Howrey is president of the Waterloo Loan & Trust Company 
and thus figures prominently in financial circles. No matter in how much fantas- 
tic theorizing one may indulge as to the cause of success, careful analysis always 
indicates that it is the outcome of persistent purpose intelligently directed, and 
such has been the case with Mr. Howrey, who has made wise use of his time, 
talents and opportunities. 

He is a native son of Black Hawk county, while his father, J. M. Howrey, was 
a native of Ohio. The family was founded in Black Hawk county during the 
earliest period in its development and John Howrey, an uncle of Benjamin J. 
Howrey, helped build the first log cabin erected in East Waterloo. From that 
time forward the family name has been closely interwoven with the history of 
development and progress in this section of the state. After arriving at years 
of maturity J. M. Howrey was united in marriage with Miss Catherine Winsett, 
a daughter of Benjamin Winsett, one of the prominent pioneer settlers of this 
county. 

Reared under the parental roof, Benjamin J. Howrey spent his boyhood and 
youth upon the home farm with the usual experiences that come to the country- 
bred lad who divides his time and energies between the work of the fields, the 
duties of the schoolroom and the pleasures of the playground. After attending 
the public schools and graduating from the high school of Waterloo with the class 
of 1888 he became a student in Cornell College and still later matriculated in 
the Iowa State University. In the latter institution he became a student in the 
law department and also continued his reading with the law firm of Boies, Couch 

Vol. II— 8 



146 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

& Boies. He had returned from Iowa City to Waterloo in 1892 and for five 
years thereafter he devoted much time to school teaching and at the same time 
was reading law with the firm of Boies, Couch & Boies. At diflferent periods he 
was a teacher in the rural schools, also taught in both high schools in Waterloo 
and in the college. In 1897 he successfully passed the required examination that 
secured his admission to the bar and entered upon the practice of his profession, 
which he followed in Waterloo for about eleven years. While no longer giving 
any attention to private practice he still retains membership in both the county 
and state bar associations and enters into the discussions relative to the profes- 
sion. Mr. Howrey was made vice president of the Waterloo Loan & Trust 
Company in igoS, so continuing for three years, during which period he looked 
after considerable legal work for the company. In 191 1 he became president 
and has assumed various duties from time to time until he is now the directing 
head and active manager of the institution. On account of his knowledge of 
law he is better equipped for his present business connections, as many matters 
come up requiring familiarity with legal lore. 

In 1893 was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Howrey and Miss Ada C. McStay, 
of Waterloo, and to them have been born four children: Harold M., Corinne C, 
Benjamin G. and Edward F. Mr. Howrey is president of the Commercial Club 
and Board of Trade of Waterloo. He is also a member of the Town Criers 
Club and belongs to the Masonic fraternity and the Knights of Pythias lodge. 
He is a member of the Walnut Street Baptist church, has served for a long 
period on its official board and for a number of years was president of the board. 
He was also superintendent of the Sunday school for ten years and has but 
recently resigned that position. He is thus actively interested in the material, 
civic, social and moral progress of the community, and his efiforts have been 
attended with far-reaching and beneficial results. 



ROYAL A. PERKINS. 



Royal A. Perkins, vice president of the First National Bank of La Porte 
City, is esteemed not only on account of his unquestioned business ability but 
also .because of his force of character. He was born in Ohio on the nth of 
September, 1840, a son of Edward and Cynthia ( Pixley) Perkins. The father 
was a native of New Jersey and the mother of Massachusetts, but for many 
years they were residents of Ohio and in 1866 they removed with their family 
to Benton county, Iowa. The father gave his active life to the cultivation of 
the soil and passed away in 1868, being survived by his widow until 1875. 

Royal A. Perkins grew to manhood in Ohio and there acquired a common- 
school education. Upon accompanying his parents to Benton county, Iowa, he 
purchased land there, which he operated and improved until 1891. In that year 
he gave up the actual work of the farm and removed to La Porte City, where 
he has since resided. For fifteen years he was president of the First National 
Bank and proved a man of resource, energy and good judgment. He retired 
from that office three years ago but is an extensive stockholder and also vice 
president of the same institution. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 147 

On the 25tli of February, 1875, Mr. Perkins was married to Miss Catherine 
Gingrich, a daughter of Daniel and Catherine (Hofl'er) Gingrich, both born in 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. Her father, who was a carpenter by trade 
but also farmed in the Keystone state, died there in 1852, and her mother passed 
away in Iowa in 1887. 

Mr. Perkins is a Presbyterian in religious belief and politically is an adherent 
of the republican party. He is a member of the Masonic lodge and of the Eastern 
Star and exemplifies in his life the spirit of helpfulness inculcated by the craft. 
He is a stockholder and director in the Electric Light & Water Company of 
La Porte City and owns his fine home which he erected. His business ability 
has gained him the respect of those with whom he has had dealings and they 
likewise esteem him as a man of probity and honor. 



GEORGE E. EIGHTY. 



Various business and manufacturing interests have felt the stimulus of the 
cooperation of George E. Lichty, a man of sound business judgment and 
undaunted enterprise, who forms his plans readily and is determined in their 
execution. He is well known as the president of the Smith, Lichty & Hillman 
Company and is an executive officer in various other business enterprises of 
importance which have contributed much to the substantial development and 
improvement of the city. For forty-five years he has resided in Waterloo and 
throughout the entire period has enjoyed an unassailable reputation for busi- 
ness integrity as well as enterprise. 

Mr. Lichty was born in Somerset county, Pennsylvania, in 1857, and was a 
youth of thirteen years when in 1870 his parents came with their family to 
Waterloo. His education, begun in the schools of the east, was continued in the 
pubHc schools of this city. He afterward made his initial step in the business 
world as a clerk m a clothing store of Waterloo, m which he was employed for 
two years. He afterward spent five years in a grocery store and on the ist of 
October, 1879, engaged in the retail grocery business on his own account. Suc- 
cess attended the venture and he continued actively therein until the fall of 18S9, 
when he organized the Smith, Lichty & Hillman Wholesale Grocery Company, 
conducting business at their present location since December, 1896. This has 
been a growing enterprise. They have advanced steadily, their trade reaching 
out along ramifying lines until it covers a broad territory, demanding extensive 
shipments. They have about ninety employes in the Waterloo establishment, 
with about twelve traveling salesmen upon the road. Mr. Lichty has long been 
the executive head and promoter of this business as president of the company 
and yet, important as has been his work in this connection, it by no means limits 
the extent of his activities, for many other commercial enterprises have benefited 
by his financial support and by his wise judgment, if not by direct executive 
control. He is now the president of the Black Hawk Coffee & Spice Company, 
president of the Waterloo Canning Company, one of the vice presidents of the 
Commercial National Bank, president of the Waterloo Warehouse & Storage 
Company and president of the Waterloo Opera House & Theatre Company. 



148 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

This gives an indication of the range and breadth of his activities and the diver- 
sity of his interests and marks him as one of the foremost business men of the 
city. 

In 1881 Mr. Lichty was united in marriage to Miss Annie Derrick, of Water- 
loo, and unto them have been born six children : Ben R., who is associated with 
his father in business, as secretary of the Smith, Lichty & Hillman Company ; 
Josephine, the wife of Fred L. Northey, a manufacturer of Waterloo ; Burr G., 
who is also a partner of his father; Jeanne, the wife of H. W. White, of Water- 
loo; Florence, the wife of Charles A. Stewart, of San Francisco, California; and 
Robert J., who is attending school at Mercersburg, Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Lichty takes an active interest in politics on the side of good government, 
reform and progress. In Masonry he has attained high rank, being a member 
of the Consistory, in which he has reached the thirty-second degree of the Scottish 
Rite. He also has membership with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks 
and the Knights of Pythias. He belongs to the Commercial Club and Board of 
Trade and was one of the incorporators of the latter, being connected therewith 
for more than a quarter of a century. His position in business circles may be 
judged from the fact that he was honored with election to the presidency of the 
National Wholesale Grocers Association for the year 191 2- 13. This indicates 
that he is widely known among representatives of that line of business, that he 
is popular and that his capability is recognized. He belongs to the little group 
of distinctively representative business men who have been pioneers in inaugu- 
rating and building up the chief industries of this section of the country. He 
early had the sagacity and prescience to discern the eminence which the future 
had in store for this great and growing region and, acting in accordance with 
the dictates of his faith and judgment, he has garnered in the fullness of time the 
generous harvest which is the just recompense of indomitable industry, spotless 
integrity and marvelous enterprise. 



LOUIS S. CASS. 



A well known figure in railway circles in Iowa is Louis S. Cass, who since the 
fall of 1895 li^s made his home in Waterloo and is the president of the Waterloo, 
Cedar Falls & Northern Railroad Company. Opportunity has been to him the 
open door through which he has entered to success. He has never over-estimated 
nor undervalued his chances but has made wise use of his time and native talents 
and thus step by step has progressed. 

Mr. Cass was born in Vernon county, Wisconsin, in 1865, and when but six 
months old was brought by his parents to Iowa, the family home being estab- 
lished in Bremer county, where he was reared to manhood upon a farm. He 
acquired his education in the schools of the county and in the Sumner high school 
and also attended the Iowa State Teachers College at Cedar Falls and the J. F. 
Wallace Commercial College of La Crosse, Wisconsin. For some time he was 
engaged in the lumber business at Sumner and from the outset of his career he 
has steadily advanced, each forward step bringing him a broader outlook and 
wider opportunities. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY ]49 

Mr. Cass became connected with railway interests when in 1883 he entered 
the employ of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad Company as tele- 
graph operator, becoming later a brakeman on a freight train. He was con- 
nected with the Dubuque & Dakota Railroad for some time and later engaged 
in the retail lumber business, establishing, owning and controlling four retail 
lumberyards in Iowa. At the same time he engaged in the manufacture of cedar 
shingles on the Pacific coast, his active connection with the lumber business con- 
tinuing from 1885 until 1895. During a part of this time he was also connected 
with the Minnesota & Northwestern Railway and was later with the Chicago, 
St. Paul & Kansas City Railroad and subsequently with the Chicago Great 
Western Railway. While with those companies he acted in various capacities. 
He advanced from the position of brakeman to station agent and later became 
train conductor, superintendent, assistant general manager, general traffic man- 
ager, vice president and chief executive officer to the receiver and signed the 
papers transferring the road to the Chicago Great Western Railroad in August, 

^909- 

In the meantime Mr. Cass had extended his efforts to other lines of activity, 

having in 1895 established the Waterloo & Cedar Falls Rapid Transit Railway. 
In 1896 he extended the system in W^aterloo, converted the horse-car line into 
an electric line and the following year built the line to Cedar Falls. In 1898 he 
made further extensions in Waterloo and in 1899 purchased the Cedar Falls & 
Normal Gasoline Road, which was operated with a Patton motor. This he 
converted into an electric line. In igoi he built the line to Denver, Iowa, and 
in 1902 extended it from that place to Denver Junction to connect with the Omaha 
division of the Great Western. On the 31st of August, 1909, he severed his 
connection with the Chicago Great Western and since then has devoted his entire 
time to the Waterloo, Cedar Falls & Northern Railway, successor to the Waterloo 
& Cedar Falls Rapid Transit Railway. In 1910 he extended the line from Denver 
Junction to Waverly and in 191 2 built the road from Waterloo to La Porte 
City and the following year from La Porte City to Urbana, while in 1914 the 
circuit was completed in the extension of the line from Urbana to Cedar Rapids. 
In the building and development of the interurban railway system Mr. Cass has 
contributed in large measure to the welfare of those sections through which the 
road has passed. His plans have been carefully formulated and promptly exe- 
cuted and in all of his business career he has readily discriminated between the 
essential and the nonessential. 

In addition to his other interests Mr. Cass is a stockholder in the Commercial 
National Bank of Waterloo, in the Black Hawk National Bank of Waterloo, in 
the Denver Savings Bank of Denver, Iowa, in the Bank of Sumner at Sumner, 
Iowa, and in the Tripoli State Bank of Tripoli, Iowa ; is vice president of the 
Iowa Real Estate & Investment Company of Waterloo and vice president of 
the Cass Farm Company, having two thousand acres of land in Bremer county. 
These connections indicate something of the nature and range of his interests 
and of the busmess ability and resourcefulness which enable him to carefully 
direct the interests of so many different important concerns. 

Mr. Cass is a thirty-second degree Mason, a Knight Templar and a member 
of the Mystic Shrine. He also has membership in the Benevolent Protective 
Order of Elks and the Knights of Pythias. He is furthermore connected with 



150 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

the Commercial Club and Board of Trade, with the Chamber of Commerce and 
the Waterloo Club. His pleasant home life had its inception in 1885, in his 
marriage to Miss Lillian Emmons, of Sumner, and they have become the par- 
ents of two children: Zathoe C, the wife of W. H. Burke, auditor and treasurer 
of the Waterloo, Cedar Falls & Northern Railroad Company ; and one son who 
died in infancy. 

Throughout this section of Iowa Mr. Cass is spoken of in terms of admira- 
tion and respect. His life has been so varied in its activity, so honorable in its 
purposes, so far-reaching and beneficial in its effects that it has become an 
integral part of the history of Waterloo and has also left an impress upon the 
annals of the state. To build up rather than to destroy has ever been his broad 
policy and he attacks everything with a contagious enthusiasm. 



J. O. TRUMBAUER. 



J. O. Trumbauer, capitalist, has won distinction among those whose ability 
has gained them leadership in the financial circles of Black Hawk county and this 
section of the state. Centuries ago one of the old Greek philosophers said: 
"Earn thy reward: the gods give naught to sloth.'' Realizing this truth at the 
outset of his career, Mr. Trumbauer has led a most busy life and his enterprise 
and diligence have placed him in a position of leadership in banking circles, for 
he is now the vice president of the Farmers Loan & Trust Company and vice 
president of the Leavitt & Johnson National Bank, one of the oldest financial 
institutions of the state. 

A native of Berks county, Pennsylvania, he there spent the early years of his 
life, coming westward to Iowa in 1879, and settling at Jesup, Buchanan county, 
where he spent two years upon a farm. He was afterward connected with 
J. A. Laird of Jesup, one of the pioneer merchants of that section, for about 
four years and on the expiration of that period went to the west, remaining in 
different sections of the west until 1890. In that year he returned to Iowa, set- 
tling at Waterloo, after which he traveled for the Fowler Company until Febru- 
ary, 1909. On the /th of January of that year, when the Farmers Loan & Trust 
Company was organized and began business, he became its vice president and 
has since been thus identified with the corporation, contributing largely to its 
success through his sound judgment, administrative direction and executive abil- 
ity. In 1910 he was chosen vice president of the Leavitt & Johnson National 
Bank and for eight years he has been a member of the board of directors of the 
First National Bank of Waterloo. He is also the vice president of the Marsh- 
Place Company, in which he is associated with C. A. Marsh, A. M. Place, F. J. 
Fowler and H. B. Plumb. This company erected the Marsh-Place building, a 
six-story reinforced concrete fireproof structure at the corner of Sycamore and 
Fifth streets, or in the very business center of Waterloo, and it brings to them 
a very substantial income in its rentals. Mr. Trumbauer is also vice president of 
the Leavitt & Johnson National Bank Building Company and is financially inter- 
ested in a number of the best buildings of Waterloo which have been erected for 
business purposes. The company is now erecting a fine bank building sixty-five 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 151 

by one hundred and forty feet and ten stories in height. The foundation has 
been laid of this structure, which will be the finest building in the city, of steel 
construction, fireproof and thoroughly modern in every particular. It will be the 
home of the Leavitt & Johnson National Bank, the Farmers Loan & Trust Com- 
pany and other important corporations and firms. He is likewise interested in 
the Waterloo Loan & Trust Company and the First National Bank Building 
Company. He has ever readily recognized opportunities and discriminated 
quickly between the essential and the non-essential, and with the passing years 
his field of usefulness has constantly broadened and the scope of his activities 
has covered a wider range, making his life one of greater usefulness. 

Mr. Trumbauer takes an active interest in politics as a good citizen but not 
as an office seeker, and his hearty cooperation can be counted upon to further any 
movement or measure for the public good. He attends the First Presbyterian 
church and is a member of the Masonic fraternity and the Benevolent Protective 
Order of Elks. In the latter he has filled all of the chairs and is a past exalted 
ruler. He is also a member of the Town Criers Club and of the Commercial Club 
and is actively and helpfully interested in all that tends to the upbuilding of 
Waterloo, his efforts being an element in making this in many ways one of the 
best cities not only of the state but of the middle west. He possesses the enter- 
prise which has been the dominant factor in producing the wonderful develop- 
ment of this section of the country. He has resolute purpose, courage and 
industry and has never feared to venture where favoring opportunity has led the 
way, and his record has demonstrated the truth of the saying that success is not 
the result of genius or of environment but is the outcome of clear judgment and 
experience. 



GEORGE F. WILSON. 



George F. Wilson, a land agent at Cedar Falls, conducting an extensive busi- 
ness in North Dakota properties, was born April 6, 1864, on a farm ten miles 
west of the city in which he now makes his home, his parents being Harrison J.' 
and Eliza A. (Collier) Wilson, the former a native of Canada and the latter 
of Ogle county, Illinois. The father, who always followed farming as a life 
work, came to Iowa in the early '50s and settled in Grundy county on land which 
he purchased from the government. It was entirely destitute of improvements 
when it came into his possession but with characteristic energy he at once began 
to develop the fields and in the course of time made it a valuable property. Sub- 
sequently he removed to another farm in Fairfield township, Grundy county, and 
continued to make his home in that county until his death, which occurred about 
the year 1883. His widow is now a resident of Des Moines. Mr. Wilson was 
for one term county treasurer of Grundy county but was never a politician in 
the sense of ofifice seeking. 

George F. Wilson was the second in order of birth in a family of six children 
and upon the farm in Fairfield township, Grundy county, he spent the period of 
his youth, attending the public schools and aiding his father in the farm work. 
At the time when his father became ill he took charge of the old homestead and 



152 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

managed the work of developing the fields until his father's death eight months 
later. He afterward continued upon the homestead for two years, at the end of 
which time an older brother, Ira J. Wilson, took charge of the farm and to him 
George F. Wilson sold his interests. He then went to Bridgewater, South Dakota, 
in 1886, seeking to improve his impaired health by a change of climate. There 
he again engaged in farming until 1891, when he took up his abode in the town 
of Bridgewater, where he established a harness business and later engaged in 
draying and in the livery business. He sold out there in 1893 ^"^ returned to 
Iowa, taking up his abode in Cedar Falls, where he worked at the carpenter's 
trade with his brother, who was a building contractor. 

In February, 1894, however, ]\Ir. Wilson embarked in the real-estate business, 
handling property in Cedar Falls and its vicinity. He also established an insur- 
ance agency, handling both fire and life insurance for a time, but afterward 
dropped the latter. In 1905 he homesteaded in Stark county, North Dakota, 
where he resided for a year and a half, receiving the title to his land. With 
the exception of that period he has been engaged continuously in the real-estate 
business in Cedar Falls during the past twenty years and now handles land in 
Iowa, }^Iinnesota and North Dakota. He is now the individual owner of eight 
hundred and forty acres of land in North Dakota and has two thousand acres 
under his control. He devotes his entire time to the business and when in North 
Dakota makes his headquarters at Bismarck. He has the greatest possible faith 
in the future of the state and is doing much through colonization for its develoj)- 
ment. 

On the 6th of March, 1889, Mr. Wilson was united in marriage to Miss Effie 
J. Burgess, a native of Grundy county and a daughter of James H. and ^Martha 
(Wilcox) Burgess, who were early settlers of Fairfield township, that county, 
but both are now deceased. Four children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Wil- 
son : Clarke L. V'., who is attending college and assists his father in business; 
Inez F., who is also acting as her father's assistant ; and Mina B. and Roger \'., 
both in school. Mr. and Mrs. Wilson hold membership with the Tribe of Ben 
Hur and the family are members of the Methodist Episcopal church. In poli- 
tics Mr. Wilson is a progressive republican. He keeps well informed on the 
questions and issues of the day and is ever ready to support his position by 
intelligent argument, but does not seek political preferment, as his time is fully 
occupied with his business affairs. His cooperation has been felt as a beneficial 
factor in movements for the upbuilding of Cedar Falls as w^ell as of North 
Dakota. 



E. A. LEIGHTON. 



On the roster of public officials in the city of Waterloo appears the name of 
E. A. Leighton, who is now chief of police and as such is a stalwart custodian of 
the public peace, doing everything in his power to promote the interests of the 
city on the side of law and order. He was bom in Osage, Mitchell county, Iowa, 
in 1872 and was there reared and educated, passing through consecutive grades in 
the public schools until he was graduated from the high school. He afterward 




E. A. LEIGHTOX 



Tflft, LfeNQk''- 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 155 

entered the Iowa State College at Ames, where he continued his studies, and 
when he had left school he accepted a position as guard in the Iowa State peni- 
tentiary, remaining in that position for eight years. Later he spent two years in 
Osage and in 1902 came to Waterloo, where he has since maintained his resi- 
dence. For a year he acted as foreman for the Kemp Manufacturing Company and 
at the end of that time became a member of the Waterloo police department, 
serving as patrolman for six years, after which he was appointed chief of the 
department by Mayor Doty. He acted in that capacity for two years and then 
became deputy sheriff of Black Hawk county for two years. In 191 1 he was ap- 
pointed chief of police by Mayor Thompson and he is now serving for the second 
term in that office. He carefully safeguards the interests of the law-abiding public 
and has prosecuted crime with such diligence that his name has become a terror 
to all law breakers. 

In 1894 Mr. Leighton was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Pegg, of 
Osage, Iowa, and they have one son, Russell A. The family attend the Methodist 
Episcopal church and Mr. Leighton holds membership with the Masons, the 
Knights of Pythias and the Moose. He is also a member of the Town Criers 
Club. Through the period of his residence in Waterloo he has become widely and 
favorably known and he possesses attractive social qualities which render him 
very popular. 



JACOB F. HUPPEiiT. 



Jacob F. Huppert is a representative citizen and enterprising agriculturist of 
Black Hawk county, residing on section 30, Cedar township. His birth occurred 
in Will county, Illinois, on the 21st of July, 1866, his parents being Jacob and 
Susan ( Templin) Huppert, the former a native of Ohio and the latter of Penn- 
sylvania. Jacob Huppert was born in 1843 — three months after the arrival of 
his parents in the United States. In an early day he accompanied them to 
Illinois, in which state he followed farming for seventeen years, on the expira- 
tion of which period the family home was established in Benton county, Iowa. 
There he purchased land which he cultivated successfullv until 1898, when he 
came to Black Hawk county, here carrying on general agricultural pursuits until 
called to his final rest in July, 1903. His widow survives at the age of sixty-seven 
years and keeps house for her son Jacob. To them were born ten children, as 
follows: Jacob F., of this review; Henry U., who is deceased; Edwin A., an 
agriculturist of Benton county, this state; Eldora, who is the wife of C. D. Brom 
and resides in South Dakota ; Lizzie A., who gave her hand in marriage to W. 
L. Palmer, of Tama county, Iowa; L. Elsworth, living in British Columbia; 
James E., who follows farming in Benton county, this state ; Roy E., a resident 
of Buchanan county, Iowa ; Zepha E., who is the wife of J. W. Morrison, a 
farmer of Cedar township, this county; and Alice, who is the wife of Robert 
Kerr, living in Lincoln township, this county. 

Jacob F. Huppert was three years of age when his parents removed to Ben- 
ton county, Iowa, and was there reared and educated. He remained at home 
until he had attained his majority and subsequently cultivated rented land for 



156 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

six years, on the expiration of which period he purchased a farm of two hundred 
and twelve acres in Emmet county, Iowa. He operated the place for four years 
and then lost everything because of crop failure and the attendant hard times. 
Returning to Benton county, he there continued farming for a year and at the 
end of that time came to Black Hawk county, operating the Hood farm for three 
years. Subsequently he spent a year farming in Orange township, this county, 
and then rented the Minnie Cripper farm on section 30, Cedar township, which 
he has operated continuously and successfully for the past twelve years. He 
owns two hundred and twenty-three acres of land in [Missouri and is widely 
recognized as one of the enterprising and substantial citizens of his adopted 
county. In connection with the cultivation of cereals he devotes considerable 
attention to live stock, keeping high grade shorthorn and Angus cattle, Duroc 
Jersey and Chester White hogs and fourteen head of Percheron horses. 

Mr. Huppert is a republican in his political views and has recently been 
elected trustee of Cedar township, ably servmg in that position at the present 
time. He had been previously chosen for township offices but did not qualify. 
His religious faith is that of the Presbyterian church, the teachings of which 
he exemplifies in his daily life, and in his home community he enjoys that warm 
personal friendship and kindly esteem which are always given in recognition of 
genuine worth in the individual. 



E. L. STOVER. 



E. L. Stover, secretary of the Dart Motor Truck Company of Waterloo, in 
which city he has maintained his home through the past decade, was born in 
Hamilton county, Iowa, in 1883, a son of Joseph A. Stover, who for thirty-three 
years was a resident of Hamilton county and there passed away in 1910, at 
which time he was auditor of the county. He always took an active interest 
in politics and held various local offices, the duties of which he discharged with 
credit to himself and satisfaction to his constituents. Early in life he devoted 
his time and energies to farming and later was for a number of years engaged 
in the hardware and implement business at Blairsburg, Hamilton county. He 
was afterward called to public office and at the time of his death the county lost 
one of its trustworthy officials and representative citizens. He had been a resi- 
dent of Illinois before removing to Iowa. His widow, who bore the maiden 
name of Bertha U. Smith, survives and now makes her home in Waterloo. They 
were the parents of E. L. Stover. 

The last named passed the days of his boyhood and youth in his native county 
and the public-school system of that county afforded him his early educational 
privileges, which were supplemented, however, by an opportunity to attend 
Drake University — an opportunity that he eagerly embraced. For three years 
he engaged in teaching school in his native county and for two years engaged 
in the art of photography. At the end of that time he accepted a position in 
the office of the Litchfield Manufacturing Company of Waterloo, Iowa, with 
whom he remained for six years. He afterward spent one year in Omaha and 
then returned to Waterloo, at which time he became connected with the Dart 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 157 

Manufacturing Company as vice president and secretary. In 1914 that company 
was succeeded by the Dart Motor Truck Company, which was incorporated with 
a capital stock of six hundred thousand dollars, much of which has been paid 
up. The present officers of the company are: C. W. Hellen, president; C. C. 
Wolf, of Parkersburg, treasurer; and E. L. Stover, secretary. In this connec- 
tion Mr. Stover is bending his energies to administrative direction and executive 
control. He is thoroughly familiar with every phase of the business and is thus 
qualified to direct the interests of the company, which today is conducting an 
extensive and growing enterprise, its ramifying trade connections already cover- 
ing a wide territory. Its shipments are increasing continuously and the business 
is now one of the profitable productive industries of Waterloo. 

In 1905 Mr. Stover was united in marriage to Miss Ruby L. De France, of 
Flamilton county, and they have become parents of three children, Claire D., 
Evelyn C. and Lois A. Mr. Stover is connected with the Knighfs of Pythias, 
the Knights of the Maccabees, the Commercial Club and Board of Trade, and 
the Town Criers Club. These membership relations, as well as his business 
connections, have made him widely known in Waterloo and his salient character- 
istics are such as have gained for him the warm regard and good-will of all with 
whom he has been brought in contact. 



CLINTON G. HOLDEN. 

The life record of Clinton G. Holden may well be an inspiration to others, 
for it indicates what may be accomplished when laudable ambition points out 
the way and energy and determination constitute the salient features of an active 
career. Mr. Holden is the vice president of the Horton-Holden Hotel Com- 
pany and is the manager of the Russell Lamson Hotel, one of the finest hotels 
not only in the state but in the entire country. His residence in Waterloo covers 
only a year and a half, but this space of time has been sufiicient to establish him 
in the public regard as a progressive business man. 

A native of Erie, Pennsylvania, he was born in 1873 and was reared in that 
state, its public-school system afi^ording him his educational privileges. He has 
been connected with hotel life for nearly a quarter of a century. He made his 
initial step in that direction at the Reed House of Erie, and afterward became 
connected with the Palace Hotel at North East, Pennsylvania. He then had 
twenty years' experience in connection with club management, being for four 
years manager of the University Club of Cleveland, Ohio, and for three and a 
half years secretary of the Union Club of that city. On the expiration of that 
period he resigned his position and went to Chicago to become manager of the 
University Club of the latter city. He remained in that capacity for five and a 
half years and then accepted the position of manager of the Russell Lamson 
Hotel of Waterloo. He has now directed its interests for a year and a half and 
has made it one of the most popular hostelries in the state. Methods employed 
in the largest and finest city hostelries are here utilized for the comfort of the 
guests and the Russell Lamson Hotel would be a credit to a city many times the 
size of Waterloo. Mr. Holden is also interested in several other business under- 



158 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

takings, being now the vice president of the Mcintosh Ranch & Orchard of 
Derby, Montana; president of the ElHs Drug Company of Waterloo; and presi- 
dent of the Iowa Hotel Keepers Association. His life has been an active one 
fraught with good results, and his business affairs have met with merited reward. 
Mr. Holden has attained high rank in Masonry, having reached the thirty- 
second degree of the York Rite. He was very promuient in Masonic circles in 
Cleveland and he was a member of the Mystic Shrine. He likewise has mem- 
bership with the Elks; is a member of the Chamber of Commerce, of the Water- 
loo Club and the Commercial Club and Board of Trade, of Waterloo : the Chi- 
cago Athletic Club, Chicago; and the Masonic Club of Cleveland. He was 
eagerly welcomed into membership in the Waterloo organizations, for his fame 
as a progressive, enterprising man had preceded him. Moreover, it took but a 
brief time to convince his fellow townsmen of his worth and ability and to recog- 
nize the fact that he is the possessor of many well developed and valuable ideas 
having to do with business progress and with the upbuilding of his city. 



DAMD M. MITCHELL. 

David M. Mitchell is among those who at the time of the Civil war volun- 
teered to fight for his country and aid in the preservation of the Union. He is 
now residing in La Porte City and has an interest in a number of local com- 
mercial and industrial concerns. He was born in Maine, in December, 1845. ^ 
son of Otis and Mehetabcl (Preble) Mitchell, both likewise natives of the Pine 
Tree state. The father, who was a painter and decorator by trade, removed 
from Maine to Springfield, Illinois, at an early date in the history of the Prairie 
state, and later went to Mendota, Illinois, thence to Ottawa, that state, and sub- 
sequently to Manchester, Iowa. He resided there until 1855 ^'"^^ then came to 
La Porte City, which remained his home until his death, which occurred in 1888 
when he was eighty-one years of age. His wife died in 1872. 

David M. Mitchell remained at home with his parents and gained a good 
education by attending the public schools. He completed the course offered in 
La Porte City and was just ready to enter college when war was declared. The 
need of the nation dwarfed all private interests and in 1862 he enlisted in the 
Eighteenth Iowa Infantry. On the disbandment of that organization after three 
months he reenlisted, becoming a member of Company D, Thirty-first Iowa 
Infantry. He served for three years with the latter command and participated 
in many hard fought engagements, including the siege of Yicksburg and the 
battle of Lookout Mountain. Being exposed to all kinds of weather brought on 
a bone disease which has afflicted him since 1874. After being mustered out at 
Davenport in 1865 he returned to La Porte City and worked at painting and 
decorating, as he had iearned that trade from his father. However, after a 
few years he was compelled to give up an active life and since 1874 has been or> 
crutches. Since 1874 he has resided at La Porte City and has just erected a fine 
modern home at the cost of eight thousand dollars. He also owns considerable 
other property here and is a stockholder in the Union State Bank and a stoclc- 
holder and director in the Syndicate block of La Porte City. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 159 

Mr. Mitchell was married in 1868 to Miss Lucy Edsil, a daughter of Milkr 
and Mary (Bailey) Edsil, natives of Ohio who came to La Porte City in 1865. 
Her father was a man of considerable wealth and had practically retired at the 
time of his arrival here. He served as justice of the peace in La Porte City for 
many years and was well known. On the 30th of October, 1883, he passed to 
his reward, having survived his wife for two years, her demise occurring on 
the 9th of May, 1881. Mrs. Mitchell was an invalid for many years and her 
demise occurred in 1899. By her marriage to our subject she became the mother 
of one child, Maude, who died on the 22d of March, 1869. On the i8th of 
September, 1904, Mr. Mitchell married Miss Mary J. Krebs, a daughter of 
Martin and Mary C. (Reichard) Krebs, natives of New York and Germany, 
respectively. Mr. Krebs, who was a farmer, came to Black Hawk county at an 
early day and was an enterprising and successful agriculturist until 1899, when 
he retired and removed to La Porte City, where he and his wife now reside. 

Mr. Mitchell is a Presbyterian in his religious affiliation and politically sup- 
ports the republican party. He has always taken a great interest in the affairs 
of the Grand Army of the Republic and organized M. F. Thompson Post, No. 
187, of La Porte City. He still holds his membership therein and greatly en- 
joys the association with his old comrades thus made possible. In the many 
years of peace that have intervened since the close of the Civil war he has 
demonstrated that his patriotism has not lessened and his public-spirited, upright 
life has been an example of the service that men can render their country in 
times when there is no special stress or peril. 



W. H. BICKLEY, M. D. 

Dr. \\\ H. Bickley, a successful practitioner of medicine and surgery in 
Waterloo, his native city, was born in 1876, a son of E. G. Bickley, a well known 
resident of Orange township, Black Hawk county. His birth occurred in Mey- 
ersdale, Pennsylvania, and with his parents he came to Iowa in 1861, the family 
home being established m Orange township. He was a son of E. K. Bickley, 
who first came to Black Hawk county in 1855 and entered considerable land for 
himself and friends. At that time there were no railroads in this section of the 
state and they had to drive across the country from Chicago. The Bickley s were 
farming people and E. K. Bickley was also a bishop of the Dunkard church in 
its pioneer days. E. G. Bickley was largely reared upon the frontier and shared 
with the family in the hardships and privations which fell to the lot of the 
frontier settlers. It was in this county that he was united in marriage to Miss 
Arabelle Shrock, who died in 1901. There were but two children in the family, 
the daughter being Alice Bickley. 

The son. Dr. W. H. Bickley, was reared upon the home farm with the usual 
experiences that fall to the lot of the country-bred boy. He worked in the 
fields through the summer months and in the winter seasons attended the district 
schools for some time, but afterward entered the high school of West Waterloo, 
from which he was graduated with the class of 1894. During that period he 
continued to live upon the farm, driving four miles to and from school. He 



160 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

afterward took up the profession of teaching, which he followed until 1896, 
but regarded that merely as an initial step to other professional labor. It was 
his desire to prepare for the practice of medicine and surgery and with that end 
in view he became a student in the medical department of the State University 
of Iowa, in which he pursued his studies for two years. He next entered the 
New York Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital, from which he was 
graduated in 1900. He spent the succeeding year as an interne in the Metropoli- 
tan Hospital of New York on Blackwell's Island and gained broad knowledge 
and experience such as comes only from hospital practice. The following year 
was spent in travel throughout the United States, at the end of which time he 
returned to Waterloo, where he has since been located. In 19 12 he went abroad 
and attended clinics in Berlin, Vienna and London and he also traveled exten- 
sively over the European continent. He had the opportunity of studying the 
methods of some of the most eminent physicians and surgeons of the old world 
and his ability was greatly augmented by the knowledge which he gained in 
attendance at the European clinics. LTpon his return he resumed the private 
practice of his profession and is today accounted one of its foremost representa- 
tives in Waterloo. A liberal practice is accorded him and his efforts have been 
attended with substantial success. He furthers his knowledge through his mem- 
bership in the Waterloo, Black Hawk County, Iowa State, Austin Flint and 
Cedar Valley Medical Societies and in the American Medical Association and 
moreover he is a fellow of the American College of Surgeons. He has been 
honored with the presidency of the Waterloo Medical Society, a fact which 
indicates his high standing among his professional brethren in the city in which 
he makes his home. 

In 1902 Dr. Bickley was united in marriage to Miss Beulah \'ick, of St. 
Louis, a great-granddaughter of Newett Vick, who w-as the founder of \'icks- 
burg, Mississippi. Dr. and Mrs. Bickley have one child. Robert Crippen. The 
parents hold membership in the First Brethren church and Dr. Bickley also be- 
longs to the Masonic fraternity, in which he has attained the Knights Templar 
degree, to the Knights of Pythias and to the Benevolent Protective Order of 
Elks. He is a representative of one of the oldest pioneer families of the county, 
represented here through sixty years, and the work for material and moral 
progress instituted by his grandfather and continued by his father is being still 
further carried on by him. He is a public-spirited and progressive citizen, as 
well as an able physician and surgeon and has won for himself a most creditable 
place in public regard. 



' CLINTON P. SHOCKLEY. 

Clinton P. Shockley is a leading architect of Waterloo and many of the fine 
structures erected in this city in recent years stand as monuments to his profes- 
sional skill and ability. Iowa claims him as a native son, his birth having oc- 
curred in Vinton in 1880. There he remained through the period of his minority 
and he supplemented the knowledge gained in the grammar schools by a course 
in the high school of Vinton. He then went to Chicago, where he entered the 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 161 

Armour Institute of Technology and was graduated from that institution in 
1904. He then returned to Iowa, setthng at Waterloo, where he has since made 
his home, covering a period of more than ten years. His natural ability was 
developed through his study and he is continually broadening his knowledge 
through the reading of architect's journals, through experience and investigation. 
He had engaged in his profession for only a brief period when his skill and 
talent were recognized, gaining for him a liberal and growing patronage. He 
has been the architect of the Manual Training high, school, the Walnut Street 
Baptist church and the James Black building, one of the largest buildings in the 
state, in which he has offices on the seventh floor. He and Mr. Cleveland were 
associated in making the plans for the Iowa building for the Panama-Pacific 
Exposition to be held in San Francisco in 191 5. Going to that city, Mr. Shock- 
ley there completed the plans and the result. is one of the finest state buildings 
which will be seen upon the grounds of that exposition. He has been the archi- 
tect and builder of numerous commercial houses and fine residences, including 
the palatial home of H. L. Litchfield, on Logan avenue, and the homes of Dr. 
Small, Samuel Pinkerton and Fred L. Worthey. While architecture is his chief 
business, Mr. Shockley is also connected with other interests and enterprises, 
and the scope of his activities covers a broad range. 

In 1909 Mr. Shockley was united in marriage to Miss Jeanette L. Redfern, 
of Galena, Illinois, and they have one child, Pauline Redfern. Mr. Shockley 
belongs to the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, the Knights of Pythias, the 
Commercial Club and Board of Trade and the Iowa Chapter, American Institute 
of Architects. In his hours of leisure he is invariably a most congenial and 
companionable gentleman. In business connections he is alert and energetic, 
and wide study and experience have brought him to a position among the lead- 
ing architects of the state. He has learned to wisely use his time and improve 
his opportunities and has based his advancement upon an intimate, accurate 
knowledge of the great scientific principles which underlie his chosen life work, 
as well as of the practical phases of the business. 



LILLIE A. ARNETT, M. D. 

Dr. LilHe A. Arnett, successfully engaged in the practice of medicine in 
Cedar Falls, her duties in this connection being discharged with a high sense of 
conscientious obligation, is a native of Whiteside county, Illinois, and a daughter 
of Phillip Somers and Elizabeth (Wagner) Arnett. The father is also a native 
of Whiteside county but the mother's birth occurred in Germany. Mr. Arnett 
has ever made farming his life work and has spent his entire life in Whiteside 
county, living yet upon the old homestead upon which he was born and which 
his father had purchased from the government in pioneer times. As the years 
have passed on he has bent his efforts to the further development and improve- 
ment of the property, but at the time of the Civil war put aside all business and 
personal considerations and joined the army as a member of the Ninth Illinois 
Cavalry, with which he enlisted as a private of Company F in 1864. He was 
mustered out the following year and then returned to the old homestead, which 



162 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

has since been his place of residence. He has Hved to witness many changes in 
the county of his nativity and has always borne his part in the work of advance- 
ment and improvement. To him and his wife were born ten children, two of 
whom are deceased. 

Dr. Arnett was the third in order of birth. After attending the comitry 
schools she continued her education in the schools of Geneseo. Illinois, and 
later entered the State University of Iowa at Iowa City, becoming a student in 
the regular department of medicine. She has since done post-graduate work in 
Chicago and has always kept in touch with the advanced thought of the profes- 
sion. She was graduated at Iowa City with the class of 1904 and the same year 
began practice in Cedar Falls. After a few months, however, she returned to 
Whiteside county, Illinois, where she followed her profession for about three 
years. The succeeding year was spent in study and in rest, after which she 
located for practice at Nemaha, Iowa. After a short time, however, she went 
to Chicago, where she took up post-graduate work and in 19 10 she came to 
Cedar Falls, where she has since remained. She continues in the general prac- 
tice of medicine and has been accorded a large and growing patronage. She 
devotes her entire time to her professional duties and her work has been attended 
with a substantial measure of success. She is now a member and secretary of 
the Cedar Falls Medical Society and at one time was president of that organiza- 
tion. She belongs also to the Black Hawk County Medical Society, the Iowa 
State Medical Society and the American Medical Association. 

Dr. Arnett holds membership in the Eastern Star. She is also connected with 
the Woman's Club and is much interested in vital civic questions. She was one 
of the fifteen women who helped to incorporate the Hemenway playground in 
Cedar Falls and she has done much for the benefit and interests of the public 
along various lines. Her religious faith is that of the Congregational church and 
as one of its members she takes an active and helpful interest in its various 
phases of work. 



CORTLANDT FIELD FOWLER. 

Cortlandt Field Fowler is the president of the Fowler Company, wholesale 
grocers of Waterloo, and is practically the father of the wholesale interests of 
the city in that he was the pioneer in the establishment of wholesale enterprises 
here. He has long been recognized as a man of progressive spirit and his initiative 
has been a strong and forceful element in the success of various business con- 
cerns with which he is connected as an officer or director. Opportunity tauntingly 
plays before the dreamer, but succumbs to the efiforts of the determined, ener- 
getic man, yielding its fruits to those who will brook no obstacles. It has been 
through the ready recognition and wise use of his opportunities that Cortlandt 
F. Fowler has advanced to the position of prominence which he now occupies 
in commercial circles of central Iowa. He dates his residence in Waterloo from 
1869 and in all the intervening years has been a factor in the upbuilding and 
progress of the city as well as in the advancement of his individual interests. 




COETLANDT F. FOWLER 



r. 6 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 165 

A native of New York, Mr. Fowler was born at East Henrietta, Monroe 
county, on the 9th of June, 1845, his parents being Vincent and Rebecca Fowler. 
He began his education in the schools of Hinckleyville and Adams Basin and 
afterward attended the Parma Institute of Parma, New York, where the family 
lived. His father was a miller by trade and followed that pursuit in various 
places, his last mill being at Hinckleyville, a mile north of Adams Basin, New 
York. He followed milling from boyhood until 1857, when he removed to a 
farm on the noted Ridge road, thirteen miles west of Rochester and two miles 
west of Parma Corners. There he remained for a quarter of a century, until 
he removed in the '80s to Spencerport, New York, where his death occurred in 
191 1, at the advanced age of ninety-one. 

While the family resided on the farm Cortlandt F. Fowler attended an 
academy through the winter months, while the summer seasons were devoted to 
the work of the fields. When about seventeen years of age he embarked upon 
his first commercial venture, which was in shipping fruit to Boston and later 
down the Hudson river, and although but a youth in years he proved his capabil- 
ity as a factor in business circles by the competent and able manner in which he 
managed his afifairs. He was twenty-three years of age when, in 1868, he came 
to the west, settling in Waterloo, where he became interested in the nursery busi- 
ness with A. T. Lane, thereby becoming a partner in the firm of Lane & Fowler. 
In August of the same year he returned to his old home at Parma, New York, 
and there in April, 1869, was united in marriage to Miss Delphene M. Amadon. 

The wedding journey of the young couple consisted of a trip to Waterloo and 
from that time forward Mr. Fowler has been closely and prominently associated 
with the business interests and development of the city. His initial step toward 
the wholesale grocery trade was of a most fiurnble. character — the sale of a few 
barrels of vinegar shipped from his old home town: Gradually he worked into 
the wholesale grocery business and today is president of the Fowler Company, 
which controls a business representing an investment in the building and stock 
of more than three hundred thousand dollars. He had made considerable progress 
along business lines in Waterloo when his infant son, Martin Vincent, passed away 
at the age of six months. It is said that troubles never come singly and so it 
seemed with Mr. Fowler, for on the 15th of April, 1872, his wife passed away. 
Leaving his business affairs in the care of his brother, George V. Fowler, C. F. 
Fowler returned to his old home in New York, where part of the summer season 
was passed in a much needed rest. In the fall of that year he again took up his 
abode in Waterloo and has since been at the head of the wholesale grocery firm, 
the business of which has developed year by year until it is one of the most im- 
portant commercial enterprises of the state. His trade interests and connections 
have constantly broadened and the business today extends over a wide territory. 

Mr. Fowler has ever been the guiding spirit in this enterprise and in demon- 
strating the fact that a wholesale grocery house could be successfully maintained 
and developed at Waterloo his career became an example for others until this 
city is today an important wholesale center. Aside from his interests in that 
business Mr. Fowler is a director of the Waterloo & Cedar Falls Union Mills 
Company, a director of the First National Bank of Waterloo, a director of the 
Waterloo Canning Company and is financially or officially interested in various 
other business concerns which figure prominently in the upbuilding, progress and 

Vdl. II— 9 



166 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

development of the city. He has made extensive and judicious investments in real 
estate and is now interested in four business" blocks on Lafayette street between 
Fourth and Fifth streets. 

On the 26th of February, 1880, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Fowler and 
Miss Julia Clark, the daughter of a prominent farmer of Brockport, New York. 
After a happy married life of nineteen years Mrs. Fowler passed away March 13, 
1899, her death resulting from an operation performed in St. Luke's Hospital, 
Chicago. 

There is no resident of this city who has taken a deeper or more sincere in- 
terest in its upbuilding and development. Whenever a project has been promul- 
gated for the benefit of the city it has received his hearty cooperation and support. 
He was largely instrumental in developing the excellent park system of Waterloo, 
serving for an extended period as a member of the park commission board, of 
which he was chairman for six or eight years. He is a member of Grace Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, and he is serving on the official board. He was largely 
instrumental in securing the erection of the new church, which is one of the 
finest church edifices of the state, and he was the largest contributor to the building 
fund. He is a member of the Commercial Club and Board of Trade. His activi- 
ties have touched the general interests of society in many ways and always to 
the benefit and advancement of the community. In manner he is pleasant, genial 
and courteous and he is known as a most charitable man, giving generously to 
those in need and to benevolent institutions. His personal characteristics have 
won him high regard and there is no more popular or valued citizen in all Black 
Hawk county than Cortlandt F. Fowler. Moreover, his life record may well 
serve as a source of inspiration and encouragement to others, showing what may 
be accomplished when there is the will to dare and to do and standing as in- 
controvertible proof of the fact that success and an honored name may be won 
simultaneously. 



T. O. KNOX. 



J. O. Knox is the president and manager of the Waterloo Register Company 
and has other commercial connections that entitle him to rank with the leading 
business men of the city. He is a native son of \\'aterloo, born in 1878. His 
father. Dr. O. S. Knox, came to Black Hawk county about 1S66 and engaged in 
the practice of medicine here for a number of years, being an active representa- 
tive of the profession until his death. His wife bore the maiden name of Agnes 
Manson and to them were born two children, R. M. and I. O., twins. The former 
is now manager of the Iowa Spreader & Engine Company of Waterloo. 

The two boys were reared and educated in Waterloo, attending the public 
schools and afterward becoming students in the Shattuck Military Academy at 
Faribault, Minnesota. J. O. Knox made his initial step in the business world as 
an employe of the Waterloo Saddlery Company and was actively connected with 
that business for nine or ten years. He purchased stock in the enterprise and 
is still financially interested, but in 1904 he directed his energies toward the 
upbuilding of the Waterloo Register Company, of which he has since been the 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 167 

president and manager, with F. J. Eighmey as secretary and treasurer and W. 
L. Carter as vice president and superintendent of the plant. They engage in 
the manufacture of registers, furnaces and furnace supplies and their business 
has now reached extensive and gratifying proportions. Their factory comprises 
three buildings at Nos. 110-112 Rath street and they employ from twenty to 
twenty-five workmen. Mr. Knox is also interested in the Iowa Spreader Cit 
Engine Company. The progressive policy which he has instituted in the con- 
duct of his business has proven substantially resultant. Excellence of work- 
manship and durability are characteristics of the output and honorable business 
methods have won for the house an enviable reputation. 

In 1903 Mr. Knox was united in marriage to Miss Florence Clay, of Cedar 
Falls, Iowa, and they have a son, John Clay. Mr. Knox holds membership in 
the Commercial Club and Board of Trade and he belongs also to the Masonic 
lodge and the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, exemplifying in his life the 
beneficent spirit on which those organizations rest. He is well known in Water- 
loo, where his entire life has been passed, and he has made for himself a credit- 
able position in business circles. He had no special advantages at the outset of 
his career but he recognized the fact that industry and energy^ are a sure founda- 
tion upon which to build advancement and he has ever employed those qualities 
in the attainment of success and the creditable position in business circles which 
is now accorded him by the consensus of public opinion. 



L. D. MILLER. 



L. D. Miller is the secretary and treasurer of the Crystal Ice & Fuel Com- 
pany and as such occupies a creditable position in the business circles of Water- 
loo, in which city he has made his home for a quarter of a century. Attractive 
personal qualities as well as business enterprise have made him widely and 
favorably known and he has a large circle of w^arm friends here. For forty- 
six years he has lived in Black Hawk county, being but an infant when his 
parents left their home in Cook county, Illinois, where he was born, and brought 
their family to Black Hawk county. He is a son of Christ and Elizabeth (Welter) 
Miller, who arrived in this section of the state in 1867, after which the father 
was for many years actively engaged in business at Gilbertville, wh«re he passed 
away several years ago. His wife died about five or six years ago. 

L. D. Miller was reared at Gilbertville and was employed in his father's 
store until about twenty years of age, when he came to Waterloo and entered 
the employ of the Smith, Lichty & Hillman Company, wholesale grocers, with 
whom he was connected for about twenty years. He entered their employ as 
driver of one of the wagons, later was advanced to the position of shipping clerk, 
and in 1893 went upon the road as traveling representative of the house. From 
the beginning he thoroughly mastered every task assigned to him and thus de- 
veloped the power and ability to meet the increased responsibilities which came 
with promotion. He remained with the firm until 1906 and then after twenty 
years' connection with the house resigned, to the deep regret of his employers. 
He was, however, ambitious to engage in business on his own account and hav- 



168 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

ing been, in 1901, one of the organizers of the Waterloo Ice & Fuel Company, 
he in 1906, in connection with J. F. Simpson, bought out the interests of the 
other stockholders in the concern. The business had been reorganized the pre- 
vious year under the name of the Crystal Ice & Fuel Company and since 1907 
Mr. Miller has been the secretary and treasurer. This business now has a 
liberal patronage, its annual sales of both ice and fuel reaching a creditable and 
gratifying figure. Aside from his interests therein Mr. Miller is a stockholder 
in the Commercial National Bank of Waterloo. 

On the 7th of June, 1893, ^^^- ^liHer was united in marriage to Miss Helena 
Weber, of Fox township, Black Hawk county, and they have become the parents 
of three children : Roger C, who is a student in St. Mary's College at St. 
Marys, Kansas ; and Celeste and Evelyn, both at home. 

^Ir. Miller and his family are communicants of St. Joseph's Roman Catholic 
church and he holds membership in die Knights of Columbus, the Foresters and 
the Elks. Diligence and determination have been the basic elements in his busi- 
ness career, winning for him the success which he now enjoys. Practically his 
entire life has been spent in Black Hawk county, where he is well known, and 
the twenty-five years of his residence in Waterloo have established him as a 
resourceful, enterprising and representative business man. 



THURMAN D. TEETER. 

Thurman D. Teeter, a worthy native son, enterprising citizen and represen- 
tative agriculturist of Black Hawk county, now owns and operates an excellent 
farm embracing one hundred and sixty-eight acres on section 17, Spring Creek 
township. His birth occurred in that township on the 21st of January, 1862, 
his parents being Daniel and Emaline (Clark) Teeter, both of whom were 
natives of Bedford county, Pennsylvania. They came to Iowa in 1852 and the 
father taught school in the southern part of the state until the following year, 
when he took up his abode in Black Hawk county, entering and improving a 
quarter section of land in Spring Creek township, the cultivation of which 
claimed his attention throughout the remainder of his life. His demise, which 
occurred January 13, 1903, was the occasion of deep and widespread regret, for 
he had won an extensive circle of warm friends throughout the community which 
was his home for a half century. His widow, who is now eighty-three years of 
age and resides in Waterloo, also enjoys an extensive and favorable acquaintance 
here. 

Thurman D. Teeter was reared and educated in this county and remained 
under the parental roof until twenty-two years of age, when he began working as 
a farm hand for others. Subsequently he cultivated rented land for five years 
and on the expiration of that period purchased property which he later sold, 
then buying another farm of which he also disposed. The place on which he 
now resides is the third farm which has been in his possession and eml)races 
one hundred and sixty-eight acres on section 17, Spring Creek township, which 
he has operated continuously for the past thirteen years and has brought under 
a high state of cultivation and improvement. He likewise owns land in North 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 169 

Dakota and is a stockholder in the Farmers Savings Bank of La Porte City and 
the Farmers Western Land Company of Waterloo. His interests have been 
carefully directed and he has long enjoyed an enviable reputation as one of 
the prosperous and representative citizens of his native county. 

On the 5th of March, 1886, Mr. Teeter was united in marriage to ^liss 
Jennie Broad, a daughter of James and Polly ( Wells j Broad, who were natives 
of Kentucky and Ohio respectively. They took up their abode among the 
pioneer settlers of Black Hawk county in the "60s and here the father carried 
on farming and biacksmithing until his demise in 1891. The mother survives 
and makes her home in Spring Creek township. ^Ir. and Mrs. Teeter are the 
parents of two children: Ray E., who is twenty-six years of age and follows 
fanning in Spring Creek township ; and Glenn C, who is twenty years old and 
resides at home. 

Mr. Teeter gives his political allegiance to the democracy and for ten years 
has ably served in the capacity of assessor, still holding that office at the present 
time. He has also acted as secretary of the school board for the past eighteen 
years and was elected county supervisor from the fifth district November 3, 
1914. His religious faith is that of the Christian church, the teachings of which 
he exemplifies in his daily life. He has remained a resident of Black Hawk 
county from his birth to the present time and in its progress takes an active 
interest, giving his hearty support from time to time to movements for the gen- 
eral welfare, and personally he has always commanded and held the confidence 
and high regard of all who are associated with him. 



R. C. SINNARD. 



The name of Sinnard Brothers is respected as a standard for enterprise and 
progressiveness in connection with the retail grocery trade of Waterloo, for this 
firm, of which R. C. Sinnard is one of the partners, controls the leading stores 
of the kind in the city. They have two establishments, one at No. 320 East 
Fourth street and the other at 216 \\'est Fourth street. For fourteen years R. 
C. Sinnard has been a resident of Waterloo and is today accounted one of its 
foremost merchants, a position to which he has attained through his own etlorts 

and ability. 

Iowa, however, claims him as a native son, his birth having occurred in 
Wapello county in 1877. He was reared ni the place of his nativity and is in- 
debted to the public-school system for the educational advantages which he en- 
joyed. On leaving ^^'apello county he came to \\'aterloo and for nine years was 
employed in the grocery store of Charles Eighmey, during which period he 
gained comprehensive knowledge of every phase of the business and gradually 
worked his way upward, enjoying the full confidence of his employer. He was 
ambitious, however, to engage in business on his own account and during that 
period he carefully saved his earnings until his industry and economical expendi- 
ture had brought him sufficient capital to enable him to embark in business on 
his own account. Fie joined his brother, L. P. Sinnard, in organizing the present 
firm of Sinnard Brothers and they opened a grocery store on East Fifth street, 



170 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

where they remained until July, 1913, when they removed to 320 East Fourth 
street. Success attended the venture from the beginning and in 191 2 they 
established a second store on West Fourth street. They now control one of the 
most extensive retail grocery trades of Waterloo. They carry everything that 
can be included in a line of staple and fancy groceries and the neat and attrac- 
tive arrangement of their establishments, their thoroughly reliable business 
methods and earnest efforts to please their patrons have secured to them a con- 
stantly growing trade. Mr. Sinnard is a member of the Retail Merchants Asso- 
ciation and cooperates in all its plans for the promotion of business conditions. 
In November, 1904, Mr. Sinnard w^as united in marriage to Miss Jessie M. 
Gregg, of Cedar Falls, by whom he has two children, Edythe Doris and Royal 
C. Mr. Sinnard is well known in the ranks of the Knights of Pythias and the 
Yeomen. He also belongs to the Commercial Club and Board of Trade and to 
the Town Criers Club. He has made for himself a creditable place and name 
in the business circles of Waterloo. He early realized that if one would win 
success, they must be willing to pay the price of self-sacrificing effort, of in- 
defatigable energy and close application. He has wisely employed these quali- 
ties and ranks today among the foremost retail merchants of the city. He 
possesses, too, those personal traits of character which win friendship and re- 
gard, and goodwill is entertained for him by all with whom he has come in 
contact. 



MORTIMER B. CLEVELAND. 

Mortimer B. Cleveland, a well known and successful architect of Waterloo, 
although his practice comes to him from a wnde territory, was born in Osage, 
Iowa, on the 19th of November, 1882, a son of Byron M. and Lucia B. (Burn- 
ham) Cleveland, the former born in AVisconsin in 1859 ^"fl ^he latter in Massa- 
chusetts, in 1863. The father engaged in business as a traveling salesman for 
twenty-seven years. When a young man he came to Iowa, settling in Waterloo, 
where his remaining days w^ere passed, his death occurring on the 6th of Febru- 
ary, 1912. His widow still resides in ^^'aterloo. In their family were two 
children, the younger being Ruth B., now the wife of S. J. Johnson, of B.lue 
Earth, Minnesota. 

The elder, Mortimer B. Cleveland, has spent practically all of his life in 
Waterloo, acquiring a public-school education until he had completed the high- 
school course, after which' he entered Cornell College at Mount A'ernon. Iowa, 
and later the University of Illinois, from which he holds degrees. He had made 
a study of architecture and when his college days were over he opened an office 
for the practice of his profession and has since devoted his time and energies 
to his chosen calling and gradually has buiit up a large business, which has come 
to him from a broad territory. He is constantly studying along the line of his 
profession and experience and reading are bringing to him a large knowledge 
by which his patrons benefit. He maintains an office in the First National Bank 
building, having a line suite of rooms on the third floor, and one conversing 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 171 

with him for but a few moments must recognize at once that he has compre- 
hensive knowledge and ability in the field of his chosen calling. 

On the i8th of September, 1912, Mr. Cleveland was united in marriage to 
Miss Edith M. Munger, a native of Waterloo and a daughter of Nelson O. and 
Alary (Parmenter) Munger. The mother has now passed away, while the 
father is living retired in California. 

Mr. Cleveland's political allegiance is given to the democratic party and he 
keeps well informed on the questions and issues of the day but is not an aspirant 
for office. He belongs to Waterloo Lodge, No. 290, B. P. O. E., and to the 
Order of Moose. He is likewise a member of the Board of Trade. Along 
strictly professional lines his connections are with the Iowa Chapter of the 
American Institute of Architects and with the Architectural League of America. 
A deep interest in and love for his profession combined with laudable ambition 
have been the stimulating forces that have brought him to his present enviable 
position as one of the foremost architects of northeastern Iowa. 



W. W. SMITH. 



La Porte City is fortunate in having as its mayor W. W. Smith, a man of 
undoubted administrative ability and of unimpeachable integrity. He is a native 
of the Empire state, born in May, 1843, a son of Isaac and Dollie (Canfield) 
Smith, who were likewise born in New York. The father removed with his 
family to Tama county, Iowa, in 1858 and made his home there through the 
remaining years of his life. He died in 1872, and his wife passed away in 1854 
while the family were still living in New Y'ork. 

W. W. Smith was reared upon the home farm and as soon as he was old 
enough began to help his father with the cultivation of the fields and the care 
of the live stock, and thus he gained a practical training that was of great ad- 
vantage to him later in life. Nor was his formal education neglected, as he 
attended the common schools of the neighborhood. When eighteen years of 
age his patriotic spirit was aroused by the news of the assault on Fort Sumter 
and the attempt of the southern states to secede, and at the beginning of the 
war he enlisted in the Union army, being enrolled as a member of Company D, 
Thirty-first Iowa Volunteer Infantry. He served for three years and was under 
fire many times, taking part in a number of important engagements. At the 
close of the war he went to Benton county, Iowa, and purchased eighty acres of 
land, which he improved and developed. He gradually increased his acreage 
until he became the owner of two hundred and eighty acres, which is still in his 
possession and which he operated until 1902. In that year he rented his land 
and removed to La Porte City, where he has since resided. He immediately 
identified himself with public affairs and the welfare of the community and is 
now serving his third term as mayor of the city, his record being indorsed by 

reelection. 

In December, 1867, Mr. Smith was united in marriage to Miss Estella D. 
Marsh, who was a daughter of Jasper and Caroline (Davis) Marsh, both natives 
of New York. In i860 they removed to Tama county, Iowa, and the father 



172 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

operated a farm there until his death, which occurred in 1868. His widow lived 
many years longer, dying in 191 1. To Mr. and Mrs. Smith were born five chil- 
dren: O. J., a resident of Dysart, Iowa; Carrie, the wife of M. M. Hill, of 
Hood River, Oregon; W. H., who is farming the homestead; Alary, who died 
in 1912; and George L., also a resident of Hood River, Oregon. After a year's 
illness Mrs. Smith died in 1884 and Mr. Smith was married to Miss Louisa J. 
Johnson in April,. 1887. To this union have been born two children: Leota, 
the wife of \\'. H. Grove, of Montana; and Lloyd J., who is at home. 

Mr. Smith is a consistent member of the Presbyterian church and cooperates 
with all movements seeking the moral advancement of the community. He 
supports the republican party at the polls and is quite prominent in local political 
circles. He belongs to M. F. Thompson Post, No. 187, G. A. R., and fraternally 
holds membership in the Knights of Pythias and in the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. Whether engaged as an agriculturist or devoting his time as a public 
official to the administration of the city government, he has invariably manifested 
the qualities of energy, initiative and sound common sense. These characteristics 
have enabled him to gain success and to win the confidence of his fellowmen. 



ABRAHAM WILD. 



Abraham Wild is a dealer in lumber, coal and building materials in Cedar 
Falls, his place of business at No. 1524 Main street being conducted under the 
name of the Wild Lumber Company. He was born in Bavaria, Germany, March 
12, 1842, and in accordance with the laws of that country served in the army and 
participated in one of the wars in which the fatherland has been engaged. He 
received his education there and when about thirty years of age, attracted by the 
opportunities of the new world, crossed the Atlantic and settled in Cedar Falls, 
where he was first employed in a brick yard. He afterward worked for nine 
years in a lumber yard at Cedar Falls and this gave him the broad practical ex- 
perience which has served as a foundation upon which he has built his present 
success. At the end of that time, or in 1883, he established a yard of his own on 
Fourth and State streets and operated it successfully until 1908. The following 
year he opened the yard which he is now conducting. 

Mr. Wild carries a large line of building materials and lumber and also enjoys 
a good trade as a coal dealer. His reliable business methods have been one of 
the strongest factors in his growing success. His business has now reached ex- 
tensive proportions and his prosperity is well merited, for throughout his business 
career to upbuild rather than to destroy has ever been his broad policy. He is, 
moreover, a stockholder in the Citizens Bank of Cedar Falls and in the broom 
factory, and is president of the Germania Building, Loan & Savings Association. 
He likewise owns a number of fine farms in various counties of Iowa and also 
in Minnesota and South Dakota, and in Cedar Falls he owns business property, 
a fine residence and some vacant lots. His interests have constantly broadened 
and his energy and determination have enabled him to overcome all of the difii- 
culties and obstacles in his path. 




ABRAHAM WILD 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 175 

In Germany, about forty-two years ago, Mr. Wild was united in marriage to 
Miss Katrina Wild, who although of the same name was not a relative, and they 
came to the new world on their wedding journey. They are the parents of four 
children. Matilda A., who is a graduate of the Normal School at Cedar Falls 
and has taught school, is now a nurse in the Presbyterian Hospital. Anna R., a 
graduate of a business college in Cedar Rapids, has taught school for one term and 
for fifteen years has been secretary of the Normal College at Cedar Falls. Fred 
Richard H., a graduate of the University of New York, is now a mechanical 
engineer of California. Harry B., who was educated in a military college of 
Kentucky, is now a lumberman of Los Angeles, California. The children were all 
provided with liberal educational opportunities and have become valued factors 
in the life of the dififerent communities in which they reside. 

Mr. Wild votes with the republican party, which he has supported continuously 
since becoming a naturalized American citizen. He has never had occasion to 
regret his determination to come to the new world. He was guided by a desire to 
embrace the better business opportunities offered on this side of the Atlantic, nor 
did he have any false ideas that a fortune was to be had for the asking. He knew 
that industry and determination must win success here as elsewhere, but at the 
time of his arrival competition was not so great. Gradually he has worked his 
way upward and is now controlling a profitable business which has won him rank 
with the substantial residents of his city. 



HENRY BECKER. 



Henry Becker, who is living in honorable retirement at La Porte City, de- 
voted his attention to general agricultural pursuits throughout his active business 
career with excellent results. His birth occurred m eastern Pennsylvania on 
the 8th of May, 1838, his parents being John and Rebecca (Zimmerman) Becker, 
who were likewise natives of the Keystone state. The father, who spent his 
entire life in Pennsylvania and followed farming throughout his active business 
career, passed away in 1874, while his wife died in that state in 1852. 

Henry Becker was reared and educated in the state of his nativity and re- 
mained under the parental roof until twenty-five years of age. He then made 
his way to Will county, Illinois, where he was first employed as a farm hand 
and subsequently rented a tract of land which he cultivated until 1871. In that 
year he came to Black Hawk county and here operated a rented farm tor two 
years, on the expiration of which period he purchased eighty acres of land in 
Bruce township, Benton county, Iowa, improving the property and there carry- 
ing on farming for four years. His first wife died on that place and he was 
married again, afterward removing to the two-hundred-acre farm of his second 
wife in Black Hawk county. He was actively engaged in the operation of that 
tract until 1890 and then retired with a comfortable competence, taking up his 
abode in La Porte City, where he has made his home continuously since with 
the exception of seven years spent in Arkansas. He owns a handsome residence 
and has erected and sold five houses in La Porte City. 



176 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

In November, 1865, Mr. Becker was joined in wedlock to Miss Mary A. 
Brown, her father being John Brown, who was one of the pioneer settlers of 
Will county, Illinois. She passed away in 1875 and in July of the following year 
Mr. Becker was again married, his second union being with Mrs. Sarah E. Foulk, 
a daughter of John Reed, who was a pioneer settler of Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Becker is a republican in his political views and has served as a member 
of the school board, the cause of education ever finding in him a stalwart cham- 
pion. His religious faith is indicated by his membership in the Church of Zion, 
while his wife is a Christian Scientist. His life has been well spent, in harmony 
with his professions, and in every relation he has been honorable and upright, 
winning for himself the warm regard of his fellow citizens. 



GEORGE V. FOWLER. 



George V. Fowler has been engaged in the grocery business in Waterloo 
through an extended period and his success is the legitimate outcome of close 
application, earnest purpose and honorable dealing. He was born in Pittsford, 
Monroe county, New York, March 18, 1847, ^"d is a son of Vincent and 
Rebecca A. (Field) Fowler. The birthplace of both the father and mother was 
Peekskill, upon the banks of the Hudson in the state of New York. In early 
life Vincent Fowler learned and followed the miller's trade. From Pittsford he 
removed to Hinckley, New York, where he followed milling for five years and 
then located on a farm near Spencerport. New York, where he remained until 
his death, which occurred in 191 1, having for about three years survived his 
wife. His father was a blacksmith and made swords for General Washington. 

George V. Fowler was the second in order of birth in a family of five chil- 
dren. He attended the district schools of his native state until about fifteen 
years of age and afterward spent three or four years in a select school con- 
ducted by Professor Clark, the author of the well known ''Clark's Grammar." 
When eighteen years of age he began operating his father's farm on shares and 
continued upon the old homestead for eight years. Before leaving the farm 
he and his older brother had embarked in the nursery business at Waterloo, 
Iowa, the brother conducting the business at this point, while George V. Fowler 
remained in charge of the home farm in New York. He left the Empire state, 
however, in 1873 and came to Waterloo to become a factor in the active man- 
agement of the nursery business, in which he remained for about ten years. 
Gradually, however, he withdrew from active connection with that interest and 
confined his attention more and more largely to the wholesale fruit and grocery 
l)usiness, that undertaking having its inception in his shipping fruits and pure 
cider vinegar from New York. Eventually he gave practically all of his atten- 
tion to the grocery trade. He still owns, however, a farm which is cultivated 
under his supervision and he has extensive interests in real estate, owning a 
large amount of land in Waterloo Fleights. He is likewise connected with the 
Waterloo Canning Company, the Rath Packing Company, the Union Mill Com- 
pany and the First National Bank, in all of which he is a stockholder. His busi- 
ness interests are thus large and important and he has become a foremost factor 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 177 

in commercial, indpstrial and financial circles in Waterloo. He has likewise been 
a stockholder in the Waterloo Chautauqua Association since its inception more 
than twenty-five years ago. His property holdings in Waterloo are very exten- 
sive, for in connection with his two brothers he owns a number of the principal 
business blocks of the city. His investments in realty have been most judiciously 
made and have brought to him splendid returns. 

Mr. Fowler has always had firm faith in Waterloo and her future and has 
done everything in his power to promote the welfare and upbuilding of the city 
and of Black Hawk county. His chief ambition, perhaps, has been to further 
the agricultural development of this section of the state, for he believes that 
Iowa people have an unparalleled chance in that direction, for the land is rolling, 
requiring little artificial drainage and, moreover, is naturally rich and productive. 
He has done everything in his power to stimulate an interest in all branches of 
agriculture and has himself engaged in the manufacture of cheese which has 
become famous. 

On the i8th of March, 1875, Mr. Fowler was united in marriage to Miss 
Alice Hillman, who was born in Parma, Monroe county, New York, a daughter 
of Roy E. and Harriet (Castle) Hillman, who were natives of Cattaraugus 
county, New York, the father there following the occupation of farming. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Fowler have been born five children : Roy H., who is a salesman 
for the Fowler Grocery Company; Mae F. and Florence, both at home; Arthur, 
who is employed in his father's office ; and Julia, also at home. 

Mr. Fowler holds membership in the Ancient Order of United Workmen 
and with the United Commercial Travelers. He is a member of the Board of 
Trade of Waterloo and is interested in every plan and project for the upbuilding 
and benefit of his city. His political allegiance is given to the democratic party 
but he has never sought nor desired public office. His religious faith is indi- 
cated in his membership in the First Baptist church. His life has indeed been 
a busy and useful one, characterized by the wise use of the opportunities which 
have come to him. He has displayed sound judgment in placing a valuation 
upon his chances and in judging those things which make up his life's contacts 
and experiences. In all of his business career he has quickly discriminated 
between the essential and the non-essential and his efforts have ever been of a 
character which have contributed to public progress as well as to individual 
success. 



JAMES I-I. GOODRICH. 

James FI. Goodrich is engaged in the real-estate business in Waterloo, buy- 
ing, selling and exchanging property. He was born in the old town of Charles- 
town, now a part of Boston, Massachusetts, October i, 1857, a son of James H. 
and Janette (Field) Goodrich, who were natives of New York and Vermont 
respectively. The father came to Iowa in 1867, the family following in 1869, 
when they joined him in the estabHshment of a home in Waterloo. He was a 
bookkeeper by profession and for several years was employed in Farwell's 
Bank of this city. He afterward turned his attention to the insurance business, 



178 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

which he conducted to the time of his death in 1900. His wife survived for 
several years, passing away in 1909. In their family were four children: Cor- 
nelia, now the wife of J. M. Kirkpatrick, a resident of Ashland, Oregon; Leon, 
living in Waterloo; Lizzie B., whose home is in Mound, JNIinnesota; and James H. 
The last named attended the schools of A'ermont and of Massachusetts until 
he reached the age of twelve years and following the removal of the family to 
this state continued his studies in the public and high schools of AVaterloo to 
the age of eighteen years. He afterward secured a situation as a clerk in Water- 
loo and was similarly employed in Cedar Rapids, thus spending his time to the 
age of twenty-one years, when he went to southwestern Nebraska and took up 
government land, residing thereon until he had proved up his claim. In the 
meantime he was elected treasurer of Redwillow county, Nebraska, and occu- 
pied that position for five years, on the expiration of which period he went to 
Lincoln, that state, where he was engaged in the real-estate business for about 
three years. He next located at Holdrege. Nebraska, where he conducted a 
real-estate and loan business for two years, after which he purchased a large 
ranch of five thousand acres and engaged in the live-stock business for two 
years. At the end of that time he returned to Iowa and accepted a position as 
traveling salesman, spending two years upon the road. 

In 1900 Mr. Goodrich embarked in the grocery business in Waterloo and 
for six years was connected with that line of business but bought and sold sev- 
eral times in that period. He next returned to the real-estate field and in con- 
nection with the purchase and sale of property began speculative building in 
1906. He first erected the brick building on Third street known as the Third 
Street Grocery. He also built a large apartment house at the corner of Third 
and Locust streets which he now owns, occupying one of the apartments. He 
has built and sold about thirty-five residences in that section of Waterloo and 
has thus contributed much to the improvement of the city, transforming un- 
sightly vacancies into a fine residential district. In addition he owns and rents 
one thousand acres in Minnesota and an improved farm of eighty acres in low^a. 
He follows the most progressive business methods and has done much toward 
the upbuilding of Waterloo. He is thoroughly acquainted with property values, 
which enables him to make judicious investments and profitable sales, and as 
the years have gone on his efl^orts have been an element in public progress as 
well as individual prosperity. 

Mr. Goodrich has been married twice. In September. 1S85. he wedded Miss 
Eva Bishop, a native of Iowa and a daughter of George Bishop, of La Porte 
City, this state, who there engaged in the practice of law but is now deceased. 
Mrs. Goodrich passed away in June, 1893, leaving a son, Paul K., who is now 
engaged in the grocery business in Waterloo. In 1901 Mr. Goodrich was again 
married, his second union being with Miss Carrie Hitchcock, a daughter of 
Nelson and Mary Hitchcock. In addition to the son of his first marriage Mr. 
Goodrich has an adopted daughter. Lucy Whitney, now eleven years of age. 

lames H. Goodrich is a member of the Congregational church and he was 
reared in that faith, his father having been a deacon of the church for twenty- 
five years. In his political views Mr. Goodrich is a repubHcan and for two 
years served as a member of the city council of Indianola, Nebraska, but since 
coming to Waterloo has never sought office, preferring to concentrate his ener- 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 179 

gies upon his business affairs which, carefully conducted, have brought to him 
substantial and gratifying success. He belongs to the blue lodge and chapter 
in the Masonic fraternity and has held some of the offices in those organizations. 
Before the era of the automobile he was a lover of fine horses but since the in- 
troduction of the car he has taken an intense delight in motoring and greatly 
enjoys a good run. He has long been actively interested in church work, con- 
tributes generously to the cause, and for a number of years has served as trustee 
in his church. In a word, his influence is always on the side of right, truth and 
justice, of progress, reform and improvement. He is practical in all that he 
undertakes and while he holds to high ideals, uses the most practical methods 
to secure their adoption. 



JUDSON LAUGHLIN, A. M., M. D. 

Dr. Judson Laughlin, a well known resident of Waterloo, was born at College 
Springs, Iowa, on the i6th of July, 1868, a son of James Birney and Sarah A. 
(Cross) Laughlin, both of whom were born near Bloomington, Illinois. The 
father was a nurseryman and horticulturist and in 1854 removed to Iowa, 
locating in College Springs. Immediately upon his arrival there he established 
a nursery and continued to conduct it with growing success until his death, 
which occurred on the 20th of January, 191 1. His wife had passed away many 
years before, as she was called to her reward in 1877. He was not remiss in 
his duties as a citizen and was always interested in anything pertaining to the 
public welfare but never aspired to offfce. 

Dr. Laughlin is the second in order of birth in a family of six children and 
received excellent educational advantages. After attending the public schools 
of College Springs he became a student at Amity College, graduating in June, 
1890, and he subsequently entered the Ensworth Central Medical school at St. 
Joseph, Missouri, from which he was graduated with the degree of M. D. in 
1896. Amity College conferred upon him the degree of A. M. in 1897. Dr. 
Laughlin was married in 1890 to Miss Ella McCann, who was born and reared 
in St. Joseph, Missouri, and belonged to a prominent family. This beloved com- 
panion and wife was called to her reward April 29, 1892. Dr. Laughlin com- 
menced business as a fruit grower near St. Joseph, Missouri, and so continued 
for about eighteen months. It was after this that he began his professional 
studies and immediately after completing his medical course in 1896 he began 
practice at Blanchard, Iowa, where he remained for two years. He then spent 
three years at Grinnell, Iowa, and was for thirteen years a general practitioner 
at Ledyard, Iowa. At the end of that time he came to Waterloo with the inten- 
tion of opening a wholesale drug house here but has since decided to establish 
it at Mason City, Iowa, instead. ITe is not only a successful physician but he 
also is an excellent business man, and the combination of detailed and technical 
knowledge of drugs, their composition and use, and sound judgment in financial 
matters should insure the success of the concern which he intends to establish. 

Dr. Laughlin was married on the 27Lh of June, 1895, to Miss Anna Roy, 
who was born at Palmyra, Missouri, and was left an orphan when a mere child. 



180 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

To Dr. and Airs. Laughlin were born five children, Birney Roy, James Byron, 
Geraldine, Judson M. and William R. The wife and mother passed away on 
the 24th of November, 1910, and on the 21st of February, 191 2, the Doctor was 
united in marriage to Miss Elsie M. Simpson, a native of Mason City, Iowa, and 
a daughter of John Simpson, a prominent farmer of Rake, Iowa. 

Dr. Laughlin is a republican in political matters, gives his religious adherence 
to the Congregational church, and fraternally is connected with the Modern 
Woodmen of America, the Yeomen, and the blue lodge of the Masonic order. 
His professional interest is attested by his membership in a number of medical 
societies, including the Black Hawk County Medical Society, the Iowa State 
Medical Society, the Austin Flint, Cedar A'alley Medical Society of Iowa, the 
Tri-State Medical Society of Iowa, Illinois and Missouri, and he is a Fellow of 
the American Medical Association. Although at present not in active practice. 
Dr. Laughlin intends to maintain his professional standing with regular physi- 
cians and the medical profession by constantly reading his medical journals and 
diligently keeping up his membership in the best medical societies, which has 
been his hobby for the past nineteen years. Through his association with other 
])hysicians in these organizations he keeps informed as to the consensus of 
opinion in medical circles and is also able to give others the benefit of his experi- 
ence and observation. The same spirit of progressiveness and willingness to 
cooperate characterizes his relations with his fellowmen in all phases of life and 
to this is due in a large measure his success. 



CFIARLES B. SANTEE. 

Charles B. Santee is a member of the firm of Santee Brothers, conducting an 
extensive real-estate business in the handling of farm lands in Iowa and the 
northwest. He was born in Butler county, this state, near Kesley, November 6, 
1864, a son of Joseph Laughery and Jane (Nixon) Santee. The father was 
born in the state of New York, October 8, 1827, and the mother's birth occurred 
in the north of Ireland in 1832. In early life Joseph L. Santee engaged in the 
operation of a sawmill and subsequently cleared a farm in Ohio. In 1855 he 
came to Iowa, settling at Cedar Falls and afterward he went to Butler Center, 
where he built the first house. Still later he took up his abode upon a farm 
seven miles west of the town and there the children of the family were born. He 
resided upon the farm until the spring of 1890, when he again removed to Cedar 
Falls, where he spent his remaining days, passing away in April, 1908. His wife 
had previously died in 1900, at the age of sixty-eight years. He held various 
local ofhces, including those of justice of the peace, trustee and school director, 
and was ever faithful to the trust reposed in him. In his family were five chil- 
dren. The mother had been previously married and had three children by the 
first union. The father had also been married before and had one child by his 
first marriage. 

Charles B. Santee attended school in Mount Vernon and continued his 
education in the State Normal school at Cedar Falls, now known as the State 
Teachers' College. He remained with his father until he attained his majority 



J 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 181 

Hiid in early manhood devoted the winter months to school teaching and the 
summer seasons to farm wori<, spending his time in that way until twenty-five 
years of age. He then went to Cedar Falls with the intention of reading law 
but changed his plans and engaged in the real-estate business, in which he has 
since continued. He is now associated with his brother, Robert A. Santee, under 
the hrm name of Santee Brothers. They will have continued business under that 
style for twenty-five years on the loth of April, 191 5. They buy, handle and 
sell Iowa, Minnesota, Dakota and Canada lands and have a good clientage. 
They have disposed of thousands of acres and have also bought and sold 
mortgages and negotiated loans. Their business has long been a growing 
and profitable one and they are today among the best known real-estate men 
in this section of Iowa. Moreover, they are . large stockholders in all of the 
different factories m Cedar Falls and their sound judgment and cooperation 
are factors in the business development and upbuilding of the city. 

On the 5th of April, 1899, Mr. Santee was united in marriage to Miss Lulu 
Probert, of Shell Rock, Butler county, Iowa. The father died during the early 
girlhood of his daughter, Mrs. Santee, and the mother now resides in Waterloo 
with her daughter, Mrs. A. R. Walker. Mrs. Santee is the third in a family 
of six children and by her marriage has become the mother of five children, 
Harriet Mary, Leslie Carleton, Donald Probert, Margaret Elizabeth and Paul 
Joseph. 

Mr. Santee is a member of the Modern Woodmen camp and also has mem- 
bership with the Yeomen. In politics he is a republican, interested in the growth 
and success of his party. He has served as recorder of Black Hawk county 
for six years and has been a member of the city council. He was a delegate 
to the national convention in 191 2 and favored the nomination of Cummins. 
He is now serving on the board of education of Cedar Falls and the cause of 
public schools finds in him a stalwart champion. He believes in progress in 
all things and does everything in his power to promote advancement and upbuild- 
ing along lines that will contribute to the general good. His has been an 
active, useful and well spent life. He has accomplished much that he has 
undertaken and his labors have by no means been concentrated upon efforts 
solely for his own benefit, for as a citizen he has done much to further the 
public welfare. 



EDWARD H. McCOY. 



In a profession where advancement depends entirely upon individual merit 
and ability, Edward H. McCoy has made continuous progress until he stands 
today among the foremost lawyers of Waterloo, practicing alone and having 
now a large and distinctively representative clientage. He is one of Iowa's native 
sons, his birth having occurred in Butler county on the 14th of February, 1881, 
a son of John and Anna (Coyle) McCoy, of Waterloo. The father, a native of 
Ireland, became a resident of Butler county, Iowa, in 1859 ^-ud was there engaged 
in farming until i860, when he went to Chicago. In 1861 he responded to the 
country's call for aid, enlisting as a member of Company G, Twenty-third Illinois 



182 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Infantry, which was known as Mulligan's Irish Brigade of Chicago. With that 
command he served for three years and was then wounded and honorably dis- 
charged because of disability. He was subsequently engaged in farmmg in 
Butler county for forty-four years or until 190C), when he came to Waterloo, 
where he is now residing. 

Edward H. McCoy pursued his education in the schools of Butler county and 
in the Iowa City Academy, from which he was graduated in 1899. He afterward 
entered the University of Iowa, where he won the degrees of Ph. B. and LL. B. 
In June, 1904, he was admitted to the Iowa bar and in September of the same 
year opened his office in Waterloo, where he has since engaged in practice. He 
practices in all the courts of the state and in the federal courts and is a member 
of the State and American Bar Associations. He is a close and discriminating 
student and quickly determines what is essential and what is nonessential in the 
matter of evidence. He is always courteous to and considerate of witnesses and 
gives to the court that deference which is its due. 

On the I2th of June, 1907, Mr. McCoy was united in marriage to Miss Mary 
F. Kelly, of Sigourney, Iowa. They hold membership in St. Joseph's Catholic 
church and Mr. McCoy is also a member of the Knights of Columbus, which 
organization is formed of those of the Catholic faith. He likewise has member- 
ship with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, with the Waterloo Commer- 
cial Club and Board of Trade and the Town Criers Club. For ten years a prac- 
titioner of law in Waterloo, he has become widely and favorably known both in 
professional and social connections and has gained for himself a creditable place 
at the bar of Black Hawk count v. 



HON. HENRY W. GROUT. 

The activities of Hon. Henry W. Grout touch in many ways the general in- 
terests of society and have been an element in advancing progress and improve- 
ment along various lines. His sound judgment has been a factor in furthering 
the business advancement, his public spirit has been manifest in official service and 
he is identified with plans and projects which are ever looking to the benefit and 
upbuilding of city, state and nation. Waterloo numbers him among her native 
sons, his birth having occurred in this city in 1858, his parents being Samuel B. 
and Harriet Augusta (Whittemore) Grout, both of whom are now deceased. 
Both the father and mother were natives of Massachusetts and in the year 1856 
they removed westward to Iowa, settling in Black Hawk county, where the father 
was engaged in agricultural pursuits throughout his remaining days. He passe4 
away in 1882, having for a brief period survived his wife, who died in 1881. 

Reared under the parental roof, Henry W. Grout was educated in the schools 
of Black Hawk county and in Field Seminary of Waterloo, in which he studied 
for a year. When not busy with his text-books he gave his time to farm work, 
aiding in the development of the fields. He was thus busily employed until he 
reached his majority, when he went to the west, where he engaged in mining for a 
year. On the expiration of that period he returned and took up railroad work, 
which he followed until his father's death, when he once more located upon the 



mnawyatgwiiyiiMi^Mj 




HON. HENRY W. GROUT 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 185 

farm and continued its cultivation for seven years, or until 1889, when he went 
upon the road as a traveling salesman, devoting the ensuing twelve years to that 
business. He has since been engaged in dealing in real estate and has negotiated 
many important property transfers and has himself become the owner of con- 
siderable valuable property. He likewise has other business connections, for he 
is now one of the stockholders and a member of the board of directors of the 
First National Bank and also of the Waterloo Saddlery Company. In fact, he 
has been one of the leading spirits in many of the city's business enterprises and is 
now the president of the Fairview Cemetery Association. He is a man of un- 
faltering determination and in his vocabulary there is no such word as fail, for 
energy and ambition prompt him to carry forward to successful completion what- 
ever he undertakes. 

Mr. Grout is recognized as an active factor in political circles, stanchly advo- 
cating the principles of the republican party. He served on the board of park 
commissioners and in that connection made a creditable record. He was elected 
to represent his district in the thirty-fourth and thirty-fifth general assemblies 
of Iowa and in November, 1914, was elected state senator from the thirty-eighth 
district, comprising Black Hawk and Grundy counties, for four years. He is very 
popular and makes friends wherever he is, not only among the followers of the 
republican party, but among those who are opposed to him politically. His con- 
stituents feel that there is a brilliant public career before him. He has ever been 
a public-spirited citizen and in office has made a creditable record through his 
unfaltering devotion to duty and the capability with which he has met the tasks 
required of him. He is descended, from Revolutionary ancestry in both the 
paternal and maternal lines and is now the president of the Iowa State Society 
of the Sons of the American Revolution. 

Mr. Grout has been married twice. He first wedded Mrs. Olive Wright Wil- 
son, who died four years ago, and on the 3d of September, 1914, he was joined in 
wedlock to Miss Agnes A. Perry, a daughter of James B. and Arlette (Tuttle) 
Perry of McHenry, Illinois. They attend the Baptist church and Mr. Grout holds 
membership in the Masonic fraternity, in which he has attained the thirty-second 
degree of the Scottish Rite. He is also a member of the Commercial Club and 
Board of Trade, and he cooperates in all movements that he deems of benefit and 
value to the community and to the commonwealth, while in his public service he 
has subordinated personal aggrandizement and advancement to the public good. 



FRANCES AUGUSTA GROUT. 

In connection with educational and charitable work in Black Hawk county 
the name of Miss Frances Augusta Grout is indeed widely known and honored. 
She is a daughter of Samuel B. and Harriet Augusta ( Whittemore) Grout, and 
a sister of Senator Henry W. Grout. When only three years old she was 
brought to Waterloo by her parents, her birth having occurred in McHenry 
county, Illinois. She acquired her early education in the public schools of 
Waterloo and afterward supplemented it by study in summer schools until she 
reached the age of twenty years, when she entered upon the profession of teach- 
voi. n— 18 



186 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

ing, being paid for her services during her first term at Dewar eighteen dollars 
per month. Her life thereafter was devoted to that work until 1912, when she 
retired. Her career as a teacher was marked by continuous progresN and improve- 
ment and she did much to further the interests of public education in Iowa. 
She was appointed principal of the Hawthorne school, with which she was 
connected for nine years, and afterward became principal of <,he John Fisk 
school, her entire service in East Waterloo schools covering twenty-six years. 

W^aterloo, indeed, owes much to her efforts, which have been both practical 
and progressive. She has been largely instrumental in introducing manual train- 
ing and has assisted in establishing manual training classes and in introducing 
advanced work in other lines, her efforts at all times working for the general 
betterment of the Waterloo public schools. She is spoken of in terms of highest 
praise, as none have questioned her fidelity or had doubt as to her efificiency. 
She has the remarkable record during all the years of her service in connection 
with the schools of Waterloo of never having been tardy or never missing a 
day's attendance on account of illness. 

Miss Grout is now devoting much time to charitable and religious work. 
She is very active in connection with the Young Women's Christian Associa- 
tion, of which she is the vice president. She rightfully believes that religion is 
the avenue along which one should be improved physically, mentally and morally 
and she has been greatly interested in organizing classes among the working 
girls, enabling them to acquire better educations. She has largely solved some 
of the problems of the philanthropic worker for which others have found no 
solution. In a word, as Zona Gale puts it, she has learned that factory workers, 
as well as those in other avenues of life, are "folks," and that the secret of 
helping one's fellows is not to work for them but to work with them, thus obliter- 
ating the distinction of class which produces the feeling of inferiority and 
dependence. Miss Grout is also an active member of Waterloo Chapter, D. A. R., 
is chairman of the Board of Associated Charities, is vice president of the local 
Woman's Christian Temperance Union and is prominent in the work of the 
First Baptist church, constantly broadening her efforts along those lines. Her 
labors have been attended with far-reaching and beneficial results and there are 
many in Waterloo who have cause to bless her for her timely aid, her word of 
encouragement and her work of practical assistance. 



CLAUDE E. CULLEY. 



Claude E. CuUey is secretary and treasurer of the Kemble Floral Company 
of Waterloo and devotes his entire time to the business, which is now liberally 
patronized and ranks with the leading establishments of this character in Black 
Hawk county. A native of Jefferson, Iowa, Mr. Culley was born August 30, 
1881, a son of Charley H. and Ida M. (Keeler) Culley. The father was the 
first white child born at Jefferson and in early life became connected with mer- 
cantile interests, as did his father before him. When a young man he embarked 
in business in Jefferson and later went to Fort Dodge, Iowa, where he continued 
in the same line. About 1893 he became a resident of Marshalltown, Iowa, 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 187 

where he established a retail grocery store and is still actively engaged in the 
conduct of that business. Practically all his life has been devoted to mercan- 
tile interests and his close application and unremitting energy have been the 
salient features in his success. His wife, who was born in Warren, Illinois, 
also survives. 

Claude E. Culley is the eldest in their family of six children and in the 
acquirement of his education he attended the public schools of Marshalltown, 
passing through consecutive grades until he became a high-school pupil. Through 
the period of his youth he gave considerable time to assisting his father. Later 
he spent some time in clerical work and afterward was assistant cashier with 
one of the large business houses of Chicago. Because of his father's health, 
however, he returned home and became his assistant in the business as a mem- 
ber of the firm, being thus connected with the grocery trade in Marshalltown 
until January i, 1914, when he removed to Waterloo and entered the Kemble 
Floral Company as one of the stockholders and as the secretary and treasurer. 
He now devotes his entire attention to the business, looking after the sales and 
otherwise managing the interests of the house. 

On the 5th of February, 1914, Mr. Culley was united in marriage to Miss 
Esther L. Seerley, her father being Ilomer H. Seeriey, president of the Iowa 
State Teachers' College at Cedar Falls, Iowa. Mr. Culley is an advocate of 
temperance and gives his political support to the prohibition party. His life 
has ever been honorable and upright and his course has been guided by manly 
principles. Laudable ambition has prompted him in his business affairs and 
in his removal to Waterloo, Black Flawk county gained an enterprising, valuable 
and public-spirited citizen. 



HON. CATO SELLS. 



The Hon. Cato Sells, formerly of La Porte City, is acceptably serving as 
commissioner of Indian afifairs and is demonstrating his fitness to discharge 
duties carrying with them great responsibility. He was born at Vinton, Iowa, 
on the 6th of October, 1859, a son of Captain George W. Sells, a lawyer of 
marked ability, who was for many years the law partner of ex-Governor Sher- 
man. Removing to La Porte City during the boyhood days of the subject of 
this review. Captain Sells engaged in the practice of his profession here until 
his death in December, 1873. 

After the death of his father Cato Sells was given employment as a clerk 
in the B. ^. Stanton hardware store and he attributes much of his success to 
Mr. Stanton, who gave him an excellent business training and, moreover, took 
a personal interest in his welfare. At the age of sixteen years Mr. Sells entered 
Cornell College at Mount Vernon, Iowa, and three years later, in 1878, returned 
to La Porte City and entered the office of Judge C. A. Bishop, where he took up 
the study of law. After two years he was admitted to the bar and in 1880 began 
the practice of his profession. In the same year he was elected city recorder of 
La Porte and after serving in that capacity for two years was given still greater 
honor, as he was chosen mayor. He served for many years as city solicitor and 



188 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

also practiced law privately, gaining a representative and lucrative clientage. 
He has been an active force in politics for many years, as when a boy of nine- 
teen he took the stump for the democratic party, and the effectiveness of his 
speeches and his youth gained him the name of the "boy orator." His interest 
in public affairs grew with his knowledge of statecraft, and his fitness for office 
was recognized in 1886, when he became the democratic nominee for secretary 
of state, but was defeated at the election. In 1889 ^^ transferred his residence 
to Mnton, Iowa, and about the same time was made a member of Governor 
Boies' staff", serving in that capacity for four years. In 1892 he was elected to 
fill Governor Dysart"s place on the board of trustees of the Iowa State College 
of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts but at the end of that time declined reelection. 
He was twice elected state's attorney of Benton county and gamed a reputation 
as one of the most able and vigilant public prosecutors the county ever had. 
In 1894 he was appointed United States district attorney for the northern district 
of Iowa and proved equally efficient and aggressive in this larger field of action. 
He subsequently removed to Texas and while living there was appointed com- 
missioner of Indian affairs, which position he still holds, now living at Wash- 
ington, D. C. While a resident of Iowa he was prominent in the councils of 
the democratic party, representing the Dubuque district on the democratic state 
committee for many years, while in 1893 ^^^ ^^'^^ made chairman of the Iowa 
state convention. In 1892 he was honored by the democratic national conven- 
tion, which made him its secretary., Mr. Sells is well remembered in La Porte 
City, where he began his public career, and the characteristics of integrity, 
keenness of insight and initiative which marked him in his relations with men 
here have enabled him to win advancement in state and national affairs. 



ALBERT R. FERGUSON. 

Albert R. Ferguson, partner in the F"ergu5on Manufacturing Company, which 
manufactures all kinds of well drilling machinery and supplies at No. 118 Rath 
street. Waterloo, was born in Black Hawk county, October 21, 1868, his parents 
being Edward and Isabelle ( Cummings ) Ferguson, who at an early period in 
the development of this section of Iowa came from Pennsylvania and cast in 
their lot with the pioneer settlers of Black Hawk county, establishing their 
home eight miles northeast of Waterloo, where the father began farming. His 
remaining days were devoted to the further development and cultivation of that 
place and his death occurred in 1874. The mother continued to reside upon the 
home farm with her family until about 1894, when they came to Waterloo, where 
Mrs. Ferguson still makes her home. By her marriage she became the mother 
of six children: George C. who is interested in the Ferguson Manufacturing 
Company ; Robert, in business alone in Waterloo ; Albert R., of this review ; 
Stephen, who resides in Waterloo and acts as salesman for the Ferguson Man- 
ufacturing Company ; Charles, who is also connected with the firm ; and lona, 
the wife of J. W. Noble, who is assistant postmaster at Manitou. Colorado. 

Albert R. Ferguson attended the district schools near his boyhood home 
until nineteen years of age and afterward pursued a commercial course in 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 189 

Waterloo. Through the periods of vacation his attention was given to the 
work of the farm and at the age of twenty-one years he rented the old home- 
stead and continued the further cultivation and improvement of the farm for 
about two years. On the expiration of that period he came to Waterloo and 
entered the employ of the Kelley & Tannehill Company, with whom he continued 
for about six or seven years, during which time he gained a comprehensive 
knowledge of and training in mechanical pursuits and developed his latent 
powers, thus greatly increasing his ability. At the end of that time he, with 
his three brothers, organized the Ferguson Manufacturing Company for the 
manufacture of all kinds of well drilling machinery and supplies. They have 
a well equipped factory supplied with the latest improved machinery necessary 
to their line at No. ii8 Rath street. Mr. Ferguson is secretary of the company, 
with three of his brothers as partners, and he devotes his entire time to the 
factory. He now owns valuable real estate in Waterloo, including an attractive 
residence property at No. 150 Harrison street. 

On the loth of October, 1894, Mr. Ferguson was united in marriage to Miss 
Myrtle Rodifer, who was bom in Waterloo in a house which then stood on 
the site of the present Ellis Hotel, at which time her father owned the entire 
block. She is a daughter of George and Mary (Harrod) Rodifer, who were 
among the early and highly respected residents of the county. The father here 
engaged in the building business as a contractor and both he and his wife died 
in Waterloo. Mr. and Mrs. Ferguson have three children. Ruby Lucille, Leila 
Maud and Donald E., all at home. 

Mr. Ferguson holds membership with the Modern Woodmen of America 
and the rules which govern his conduct are indicated in the fact that he is a 
member of the Walnut Street Baptist church, to the teachings of which he 
consistently adheres. In politics he is independent, nor has he ever aspired to 
public office. He has always given his undivided attention to his business 
affairs and it is well known that he has never been afraid of hard work. Energy 
and close application have been the salient features in his success and he has 
advanced step by step, proving his worth and ability in concentrated and intel- 
ligently directed effort. 



CHARLES WARREN HELLEN. 

Charles Vv^arren Hellen early displayed the business ability that has carried 
him into important relations as president of the Dart Motor Truck Company, 
manufacturers of motor trucks in Waterloo. In this connection he is shaping 
the policy and directing the interests of a most important enterprise and its con- 
tinuous growth is largely the result of his business ability and keen discrimina- 
tion. He was born upon a farm in Winnebago county, Illinois, near Rockford, 
on the 7th of October, 1882, a son of John G. and Bertha (Thompson) Hellen, 
the former a native of Iowa and the latter of Illinois. The paternal grand- 
father, Norval Hellen, was a native of Pennsylvania and about 1842 came to 
Iowa, being among the first of the pioneers of Hamilton county, in which locality 
he spent his remaining days, there passing away in 1909 at the advanced age of 



190 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

eighty-nine years. Both he and the maternal grandfather of Charles W. Hellen 
were forty-niners of the California gold rush, both going overland with wagon 
trains. Mr. Hellen returned by the same route, while Mr. Thompson made the 
return trip by way of the Isthmus. The latter is still living and now makes his 
home in Webster City, Iowa, being in vigorous health at the advanced age of 
eighty-nine years. 

John G. Hellen is a medical graduate and for several years practiced his 
profession in Pecatonica, Illinois, but for the past fifteen years has been prom- 
inently identified with the real-estate business in Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

Charles Warren Hellen, spending his youthful days under the parental roof, 
acquired his education in the public schools of W^ebster City, but as early as his 
twelfth year went to work for the Iowa Telephone company at that place and 
when fifteen years of age was made manager for the company, which a year 
later was merged with the E. H. Martin Telephone Company. The new organ- 
ization also controlled the Postal Telegraph office in Webster City and while 
there engaged Mr. Hellen learned telegraphy. The same year he entered the 
employ of the Western Union Telegraph Company and on the ist of September, 
1898, he entered the employ of the Litchfield Manufacturing Company of Web- 
ster City, manufacturers of agricultural implements. He entered the employ 
of that company at a salary of twenty dollars per month and from a humble 
position he worked his way steadily upward until he became assistant manager 
of the business and subsequently was made credit man for the firm. On the 
removal of the firm to Waterloo in 1903 Mr. Hellen came with them and was 
identified with the business for eleven years, having within that time become a 
stockholder in the company. 

In 1908, in connection with Lore Alford, Jr., Mr. Hellen established the 
Black Hawk Abstract Company and in 1909 he sold his interest to his partner. 
On the 15th of September of the same year he went to Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he became associated with the C. H. Geist Company, operating 
a line of gas and electric light plants throughout the east. He was placed in 
charge of the Wilmington. Delaware, office and when three months later the 
company bought out two plants in Atlantic City, Mr. Hellen purchased an inter- 
est in these plants and was installed as office manager there. In 1910 he sold his 
interest in that business and in connection with William Galloway purchased 
the business of the Dart Manufacturing Company at Anderson, Indiana, and 
removed the plant to Waterloo, where Mr. Hellen had charge of the erection of 
the buildings and the installation of the new plant. In December, 1910, he was 
elected president and manager of the company and has since continued at the 
head of this business, which, under his direction, has enjoyed continuous growth. 
On the 1st of August, 1914, the company was reorganized and incorporated as 
the Dart Motor Truck Company, Mr. Hellen continuing as president and man- 
ager. This company builds three sizes of motor trucks and ships its output 
all over the world. The business has been a constantly growing one and is now 
one of the leading manufacturing enterprises of the city. 

On the nth of October, 191 1, Mr. Hellen was united in marriage to Miss 
Ethel M. Miller, a daughter of W. W. Miller, president of the Commercial 
National Bank of Waterloo, and to them have been born two daughters, Mar- 
garet Louise and Elizabeth Miller. Politically Mr. Hellen is a republican and 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 191 

at the present time is filling the office of river front commissioner of East 
Waterloo. He belongs to Waterloo Lodge, No. 105, A. F. & A. M. ; Helmet 
Lodge, No. 52, K. P. ; and Waterloo Lodge, No. 290, B. P. O. E. He is like- 
wise a member of the Illinois Athletic Club of Chicago. He belongs to the 
Waterloo Commercial Club, is a stockholder in the Commercial National Bank 
and he and his wife are members of the Presbyterian church. The steps in 
his orderly progression are easily discernible and since starting out in life on 
his own account at the early age of twelve years he has worked his way steadily 
upward, advancing continuously and thus winning at all times a broader outlook. 
No unusual opportunities have come to him, but with characteristic energy he 
has improved each one as it has been presented and thus he has gained the 
creditable and enviable place in business circles that he today occupies. More- 
over, his record has at all times been one of unfaltering diligence and of unques- 
tioned integrity, proving that success and an honored name may be won simul- 
taneously. 



H. D. MOSES. 



H. D. Moses was for a long period identified with farming interests in 
Iowa although he did not become a resident of Black Hawk county. He made 
his home in Benton county and was one of its pioneer settlers. His birth 
occurred in March, 1839, his parents being Alfred and Catherine (Perrine) 
Moses, who became pioneer residents of Illinois. 

H. D. Moses was reared in Illinois and is indebted to the public-school sys- 
tem of that state for the educational privileges which he received. He there 
engaged in farming and continued his residence in that state until he came to 
Iowa at an early period in the settlement and development of Benton county. 
Subsequent to his arrival in this state he purchased land and at once began its 
cultivation and improvement. In the course of years he transformed the place 
into a highly improved farm and made his home thereon throughout his remain- 
ing days, his death occurring in October, 1881. 

Twenty years before, or in October, 1861, Mr. Moses was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Rhoda Williams, a daughter of John and Sarah A. (Drake) Wil- 
liams, who were natives of New York. The father was a farmer by occupa- 
tion and always followed that pursuit in the Empire state, continuing his resi- 
dence there until he was called to his final rest in 1880. His wife survived 
him for about nine years, passing away in 1889. In the family of Mr. and Mrs. 
Moses there were six children: Albert, a resident of Nebraska; Elmer, who is 
living in Washington; Arthur, who makes his home in Montana; John, who 
resides in Nebraska ; Minnie, the wife of R. E. Berry, a resident of Tama county, 
Iowa ; and Libby, the youngest of the family, who died in 1892. 

Mr. Moses was a Mason and in his hfe' exemplified the beneficent spirit of 
the craft. His political allegiance was given the democratic party but he did 
not seek nor desire public ofiice, preferring always to give his undivided atten- 
tion to his farm work, whereby he provided a comfortable living for his family. 



192 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

In the year 1889 his widow, Mrs. Rhoda Moses, became the wife of Henry 
Clark, who was one of the pioneer farmers of Black Hawk county. Settling 
here at an early day. he witnessed the greater part of the growth and development 
of this section of the state and was closely associated with its progress along 
agricultural lines. At the time of his arrival he secured land and from that 
day until his death was connected with farming interests. He died upon his 
farm in Spring Creek township in 1908, since which time Mrs. Clark has 
removed to La Porte City, where she has since made her home. She owns con- 
siderable property here and from her real-estate holdings derives a substantial 
annual income. She is now seventy-nine years of age and much of her life 
has been passed in Iowa, so that her memory forms a connecting link between 
pioneer times and the present. She has seen great changes and can relate many 
interesting incidents concerning the early days. She is now well known in 
La Forte City and in other sections of Black Hawk county and has a large 
circle of warm friends. 



ARTHUR C. COLE. 



Arthur C. Cole, engaged in the real-estate business and in speculative build- 
ing in Waterloo, has done much to improve the city architecturally and along 
the lines of general development and advancement. He was bom at Yorkville, 
Illinois, January 31, 1871, a son of William G. and Martha C. (Casburn) Cole, 
who were natives of England, born in 1833 ^"^ ^^3^ respectively. In early life 
the father devoted his attention to merchandising. About 1S68 he and his wife 
crossed the Atlantic to the new world, settling in Illinois, where they continued 
to make their home until 1883, when they came to Waterloo. The father had 
practically retired from business at that time and he continued to reside here in 
the enjoyment of a well earned rest until his death, which occurred in 1898. 
His widow now resides at No. 626 Randolph street in Waterloo. 

Arthur C. Cole is one of a family of eight children. He attended public 
schools in Illinois and in Waterloo and was a graduate in the class of 1900. 
with the degree of Ph. B., of the university at Iowa City. He was eighteen 
years of age when he entered the railway mail service on the Rock Island, 
running between Burlington and Albert Lea, Minnesota. He continued for 
nineteen years in the service and during that period, from 1896 until 1900, pur- 
sued his four years' course in college, attending school during his lay-ofif periods 
and keeping up his studies while absent from his classes. What he accomplished 
was considered very remarkable by his preceptors and it indicated the strength 
of his character and his laudable ambition along the line of intellectual develop- 
ment. After nineteen years' continuous connection with the mail service, in 
which he reached the highest class then attainable, he turned his attention to 
speculative building and to the real-estate business. He buys vacant property, 
plats his land and thereon erects houses for sale. He is still successfully engaged 
along this line and his efiforts have been an important element in improving and 
beautifying various sections of Waterloo. In his building operations he studies 
comfort, convenience, utility and beauty and he has erected some of the most 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 193 

attractive modern residences of Waterloo. He is likewise a director of the 
Peoples Building «& Loan Association. 

In June, 1908, Mr. Cole was joined in wedlock to Miss Anna Holmes, who 
was born at Aurora, Hamilton county, Nebraska, a daughter of Frank and 
Lydia (Bickley) Holmes, the former a native of Manchester, England, and the 
latter of Somerset county, Pennsylvania. The father came to America when 
a lad of five years and made farming his life work. He lived first in Wisconsin, 
but came to Iowa in 1864. Later he removed to Nebraska, where he remained 
for one year, and then returned to Black Hawk county, settling on a farm near 
Hudson, where he successfully engaged in tilling the soil. Later he took up his 
abode in Waterloo, where he lived retired until his death, which occurred in 
the year 1896. Lie served as a trustee of the township in which he lived and 
was a valued and representative citizen of that locality. His widow still lives 
in Waterloo, at 827 Randolph street. Their daughter, Mrs. Cole, was the second 
in order of birth in their family of six children. She attended the public schools 
of West Waterloo and is a graduate of the State University of Iowa in the 
class of 1907 v;ith the degree of B. S. By her marriage she has become the 
mother of four children, Arline, Erma and Virginia, all at home, and Richardine, 
who died at the age of nine months. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cole are members of the First Baptist church and Mrs. Cole 
also belongs to the Fortnightly Literary Club. Mr. Cole holds membership with 
the Knights of Pythias and also in the Chamber of Commerce and the Town 
Criers Club. The determination and strength of character which he displayed 
in acquiring an education under odds which would have utterly discouraged 
many a man indicates much of his nature. He has ever been a man of strong 
purpose, resourceful, energetic and determined. In his business he has seen 
the opportunities for advancing his own success and at the same time aiding in 
the development and improvement of the city, and the one afifords him just as 
great pleasure as the other, for he is a public-spirited citizen and gives his aid 
and influence to the side of improvement and advancement along all the lines 
which contribute to Waterloo's welfare. 



WILLIAM KOBER. 



William Kober, president of the Waterloo Sash & Fixture Works, was born 
in Wheaton, Illinois, March 3, 1872, a son of August and Charlotte Kober, 
who now reside in Charles City, Iowa, to which place they removed when their 
son William was a little lad of but four summers. It was there that he was 
reared and educated as a pupil in the public schools. As early as his fourteenth 
year, however, he entered upon an apprenticeship to the carpenter's trade, work- 
ing during the summer months and attending school in the winter seasons. His 
life has ever been one of unfaltering industry and in 1888 he returned to 
Wheaton, where he completed his apprenticeship and worked at his trade until 
1894. He then again went to Charles City and secured a position in a sash 
and door factory, where he was employed until the spring of 1900, when he 
came to Waterloo and secured a position with the Cedar Valley Manufacturing 



194 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Company, remaining in the employ of that organization for about eighteen 
months. 

Mr. Kober afterward spent about a year at the plant of the Nauman Com- 
pany and in 1902 he engaged in business on his own account, purchasing the 
interest of Stephen Saulsbury in the Novelty Wood Works. He became a 
partner in the last named corporation which in 1906 was reincorporated and 
reorganized under the name of the Waterloo Sash & Fixture Works, at which 
time the capital stock was increased from ten thousand to twenty-five thousand 
dollars. The officers of the company are: William Kober, president; Harry 
Parks, vice president ; Phillip Koester, secretary ; and Fred Burk, treasurer. 
In 191 1 the business had increased in volume to such an extent that a reorgan- 
ization of the company and an increase of its capital stock were found neces- 
sary, at which time the latter was increased to fifty thousand dollars. This is 
one of the important manufacturing industries of Waterloo, conducting an 
extensive and growing business, their trade relations now covering a wide ter- 
ritory. They have ever recognized the fact that satisfied patrons are the best 
advertisement and their efiforts to please, combined with honorable business 
dealings and the excellence of their product, have been the chief factor in their 
growing prosperity. 

In 1894 Mr. Kober was united in marriage to Miss Anna Zeas, a native of 
Germany, who came to the United States in 1890, being then in young woman- 
hood. They have become the parents of two children: Edgar Irving, who is 
attending the University of Illinois ; and Frances Emma, a student in the Water- 
loo high school. 

Mr. Kober belongs to the Brotherhood of American Yeomen, the Modern 
Woodmen of America, the Knights of the Maccabees, the Loyal Order of Moose, 
and to Helmet Lodge, No. 89, K. P. He exercises his right of franchise in 
support of the men and measures of the republican party, but the honors and 
emoluments of office have had no attraction for him, as he has always preferred 
to devote his attention to his business affairs and other outside interests, which 
he considers more vital to his life than holding office. He and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church and their many good traits of character 
have firmly established them in the high respect and good-will of their fellow 
citizens. 



J. G. McAL\TN, M. D. 



Dr. J. G. McAlvin, physician and surgeon of Waterloo, well qualified for 
the onerous duties of the profession by a broad course of study in the State 
University of Iowa and subsequent post-graduate work in New York city and 
the leading medical centers of Europe, has engaged in practice in Waterloo 
since 1910. He was born in Farmersburg near McGregor, Iowa, October 16, 
1869, a son of Dr. James McAlvin, who was a native of Scotland, and was a 
graduate in medicine, having acquired his education in the Edinburgh Univer- 
sity. He was one of the early practitioners in northeastern Iowa and was one 
of the first doctors in the United States to open the abdomen in the region of 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 195 

the appendix for the treatment of abscess and inflammation of the bowels, not 
realizing that he was opening an abscess of the appendix. 

Dr. J. G. McAlvin spent his youthful days in his parents' home and supple- 
mented his early educational privileges by study in the State Normal school at 
Cedar Falls and in the State University of Iowa, from which he was graduated 
in the class of 1895 with the degree of Ph. B. Subsequently he pursued his 
medical course in the same institution and won his professional degree as a 
member of the class of 1897. Following his graduation he went immediately to 
New York city and continued his studies in the New York Post Graduate school. 
Thus splendidly equipped for professional duties and responsibilities, he located 
for practice in Grundy Center in the spring of 1898. Success attended his 
efforts during the six years of his residence there and in the spring of 1904 he 
went abroad, taking special work in the line of his profession in London and in 
Edinburgh, spending some eight months in study. In 1905 he returned to 
Iowa, settling at Cedar Falls, where he resided until 1910, when he came to 
Waterloo, seeking a broader held of labor. In the intervening years to the 
present he has built up an extensive practice, being ranked among the success- 
ful physicians of the city. He is able and conscientious in the performance of 
professional duties, is most careful in the diagnosis of cases and at all times 
is keenly interested in the investigations w^hich throw light upon the complex 
mystery which we call life. 

In 1899 Dr. McAlvin was united in marriage to Miss Clara Grace Hurst, 
of Cedar Falls, and to them have been born two children: Helen Mar and 
James Hurst. Dr. McAlvin is well known in Masonic circles as a member of 
Emerald Lodge, No. 334, A. F. & A. M., and Ionic Chapter, No. 100, R. A. M., 
both of Grundy Center. Both he and his wife hold membership in the Order 
of the Eastern Star, and Mrs. McAlvin is a member of the Congregational 
church. They are highly esteemed for their many attractive social qualities 
and during the period of their residence in Waterloo have gained many warm 
friends, the hospitality of many of the best homes being freely accorded them. 



LE CLAIR MARTIN. 



Le Clair Martin, attorney at law of Cedar Falls, was born in Paola, Kansas, 
on the 29th of November, 1870, a son of Dr. Charles M. Martin, a native of 
Miami county, Ohio, who for thirty-five years was prominent in the medical 
profession in Illinois and Iowa. At the present time, however, he is living 
retired in Denver, Colorado. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Hortense 
Bell, was the first white child born in Knox county, Illinois, and her death 
occurred in April, 1910. 

Le Clair Martin was educated in the public schools and at the Hull Educa- 
tional Institute at Hull, Iowa, from which he was graduated with the class of 
1888. In 1891 he entered the University of Michigan, in which he spent two 
years. In 1893 his parents removed to Mount Vernon, Iowa, and he attended 
Cornell College the following year. He was graduated from that institution 
with the Ph. B. degree as a member of the class of 1894, after which he returned 



196 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

to Ann Arbor and took up the study of law and completed his course in the 
University of Michigan, where again the Ph. B. degree was conferred upon 
him as a member of the class of 1895. In that institution he continued his law 
studies and received the LL. B. degree upon graduation with the class of 1896. 
In the autumn of the same year he came to Cedar Falls, where he entered into 
a law partnership with Herman C. Hemenway, which connection existed until 
the time of Mr. Hemenway "s retirement on the ist of October, 191 3. The same 
month Mr. Martin became a partner of Harry B. Turnipseed, a relationship 
that has since been maintained. The firm is one of the foremost at the bar of 
Cedar Falls and is accorded a clientage that is not only large but distinctively 
representative. Mr. Martin is regarded as a very able lawyer and he prepares 
his cases with that thoroughness and precision which must always be the fore- 
runner of success in the courts. 

In October, 1901, Mr. Martin was united in marriage to Miss Mary White 
Kinne, of Ann Arbor, Michigan, a daughter of Judge Edward D Kinne, who 
for twenty-seven years has sat on the district bench of \\'ashtenaw county, 
Michigan. Mr. and Mrs. Martin are the parents of a son and two daughters, 
Edward Kinne, Mary Grace and Helen Hortense. 

In his political views Mr. Martin is a stalwart republican, giving earnest 
support to the party since age conferred upon him the right of franchise. He 
served in the years 1899 and 1900 as city attorney but has never been an aspirant 
for public office. He belongs to Red Cedar Lodge, No. 83, K. of P. ; to the 
Cedar Falls Commercial Club and the Oak Lawn Golf Club. He is also a 
member of the board of trustees of the Cedar Falls public library. He holds 
membership in the Methodist Episcopal church, in which he is serving as 
steward, and his wife is a member of the Protestant Episcopal church. He 
takes the keenest interest in everything pertaining to the public welfare and to 
the upbuilding and development of city and county and cooperates heartily 
with measures and movements for the general good. At the same time he gives 
careful attention to his law practice and his devotion to his clients' interests is 
proverbial. 



B. A. HASELMAN. 



B. A. Haselman is a prominent factor in business circles of Waterloo as 
the leading harness manufacturer of the city, being at the head of the Western 
Harness & Supply Company at Xo. 615 Commercial street, which was organ- 
ized in 1902. He conducts both a wholesale and retail enterprise, doing a mail 
order business and selling to the farmer direct. His birth occurred in Dubuque 
county, Iowa, in 1872, his parents being Anton and Leonore Haselman, both 
of whom passed away in that county. The father was successfully engaged 
in business as a contractor and builder. To him and his wife were born nine 
children, as follows : John, who died when twenty-seven years of age ; Fred, 
who is a resident of Empire City, Minnesota ; Chris, living in Nashua, Iowa ; 
Fritz, of Wilmont, Minnesota; B. A., of this review; Anna, who gave her hand 
in marriage to Albert Newman, of Dubuque, Iowa; Hannah, the wife of 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 197 

Michael Eckstein, of Dubuque, Iowa; Kate, who is the wife of Jacob Smith 
and resides in southern Minnesota ; and Gertrude, the wife of Asa Freeman, 
of Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

B. A. Haselman obtained his education in the common schools of his native 
county and after attaining his majority served an apprenticeship in the harness 
business. Subsequently he embarked in business on his own account as a manu- 
facturer of and retail dealer in harness at Norway, Benton county, Iowa. In 
1901 he sold out and came to Waterloo, establishing the Western Harness & 
Supply Company, which was organized as such in the following year. Success 
has attended his efforts and, as above stated, he is now the leading harness 
manufacturer in the city. He owns one of the handsome homes of Waterloo 
and also has residence property at Dyersville, Iowa. 

In November, 1898, Mr. Haselman was united in marriage to Miss Rose 
liehle. who was born in Norway, Benton county, this state, and whose parents 
died when she was but a child. She has one brother, Louie, and three sisters, 
namely: Minnie, who is the wife of George Frese, of Norway, Iowa; Mary, 
the wife of Joseph Erger, of Norway, this state; and Anna. Mrs. Haselman 
is the youngest of the family and a high-school graduate. By her marriage 
she has become the mother of two sons and a daughter, as follows : Eldred A., 
who was born in 1901 ; Roger F., whose birth occurred in 1907; and Marlys R., 
born in 1913. Mr. Haselman is identified fraternally with the Benevolent Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. Fie is an active, intelHgent and progressive business man 
and one of the valued and representative citizens of Black Hawk county. 



JOSEPH A. McNAUGHTON. 

Joseph A. McNaughton, a well known resident of La Porte City, still owns 

considerable land and was for some time actively engaged in farming. He was 

born in Cedar township, Black Hawk county, on the 5th of June, 1862, a son 

of Alexander and Jane McNaughton. The father was a native of Fort William, 

Inverness-shire, Scotland, and the mother of Canada, although of Scotch descent. 

When a boy of eleven years Alexander McNaughton accompanied his parents 

to America,' the family locating in the province of Quebec, Canada. He learned 

the carpenter's trade and followed that occupation in the Dominion until the fall 

of 1859, when he came to the States and made his way by stage to Black Hawk 

county. ' He was accompanied by his wife and seven children and on his arrival in 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa, his capital consisted of but forty dollars. He cultivated a 

rented farm for five years, after which he purchased a place and gave his attention 

to its cultivation and development. He also worked at his trade to some extent 

and was successful in both lines of activity. On the 6th of January, 1913, he 

passed away at the unusual age of ninety-three years, having survived his wife 

for almost fourteen years, as her death occurred on the 23d of February, 1899. 

Joseph A. McNaughton was reared under the parental roof and acquired 
his early education in the local schools. He later attended Tilford Academy 
at Vinton, Iowa, after which he returned home and remained upon the farm 
until the death of his father. He then purchased the interests of the other heirs 



198 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

in the homestead and became its sole owner. It comprises two hundred and 
eighty acres in Cedar township and is a valuable property, as the land is naturally 
fertile and the farm has been wisely developed. Mr. McNaughton also owns a 
section of land in Colorado, while the family together hold title to twenty-three 
hundred acres and are numbered among the extensive land owners of the county. 
He cultivated the homestead for about a year, or until March, 1914, and then left 
the farm and removed to La Porte City with the intention of soon returning to 
the work of an agriculturist. However, he became interested along other lines 
and has now definitely taken up his residence in La Porte City, where he owns 
a beautiful home. He is the republican candidate for county supervisor and is 
devoting a great deal of time to political activity. For twenty years he served as 
clerk of Cedar township and for about twelve years was treasurer of the school 
board. In 1910 he was appointed census enumerator and performed accurately 
and thoroughly the duties of that position. While upon the farm he made a 
specialty of raising Chester White hogs and Durham cattle and was known as a 
successful stockman. 

Mr. McNaughton is a Presbyterian and bases his rules of conduct upon the 
teachings of that organization. Fraternally he belongs to the Knights of Pythias 
lodge and the Knights of Luther. He is one of the substantial and representa- 
tive citizens of the county and is a man of tried ability and integrity, respected 
and esteemed by all who know him. 



OLLIE O. FOULK. 



Ollie O. F'oulk, a lifelong resident and substantial agriculturist of Black 
Hawk county, makes his home on section 31, Cedar township. His birth 
occurred in that township in January, 1877, his parents being W. H. and Cather- 
ine (Myers) Foulk, natives of Perry county, Pennsylvania. The year 1867 
witnessed their arrival in Black liawk county, Iowa, and here the father pur- 
chased eighty acres of land on sections 30 and 29, Cedar township, at once 
beginning the improvement of the property. As time passed and his financial 
resources increased, owing to his untiring industry and capable business man- 
agement, he augmented his holdings by additional purchase until at the present 
time he owns six hundred acres of valuable land on sections 5, 29, 30 and 31, 
Cedar township, all of which he is cultivating and which yields him a gratifying 
annual income. Mr. and Mrs. Foulk, sixty-eight and seventy years of age 
respectively, have lived in this county for nearly a half century and enjoy a 
very wide and favorable acquaintance within its borders. 

Ollie O. Foulk was reared and educated in Black Hawk county, supple- 
menting his earlier training by a three years' course of study in the Waterloo 
Business College. He remained under the parental roof until twenty-three 
years of age and then started out as an agriculturist on his own account, culti- 
vating a rented farm for one year. On the expiration of that period he pur- 
chased a tract of one hundred and twenty acres on section 31, Cedar township, 
improved the place and has since been busily engaged in its operation. Later 
he bought eighty acres of the Smith farm on section 29 and this he also culti- 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 199 

vates. He is now feeding forty-seven head of cattle and annually feeds one or 
two car loads, his live-stock interests adding materially to his income. 

In January, 1900, Mr. Foulk was united in marriage to Miss Carrie M. 
Weigle, her parents being John and Susan Weigle, who were natives of Ger- 
many and emigrated to the United States, locating in Black Hawk county, Iowa, 
in an early day. The father purchased land in Eagle township and actively 
continued its cultivation until called to his final rest in 1909. For a number of 
years he had survived his wife, who passed away about 1893. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Foulk have been born five children, namely: Harold, Orie, Marie, Edna 
and Nelda. 

In politics Mr. Foulk is a stanch republican, having supported the men and 
measures of that party since age conferred upon him the right of franchise. 
For the past four years he has served as school director and at the recent elec- 
tion was chosen township trustee. His religious faith is that of the Christian 
church. Fie has always taken an interest in all that pertains to the upbuilding 
or development of the community and gladly gives his support to every measure 
the adoption of which he feels would promote the general welfare. 



ANSON THEODORE HUKILL. 

Anson Theodore Hukill is superintendent of schools on the west side of 
Waterloo and has devoted his entire life to educational work, being recognized 
today as one of the prominent representatives of professional activity of that 
character in the state. He was born upon a farm in Belmont county, Ohio, 
October 4, 1858, and is of Holland lineage, the name having been originally 
spelled Huykl. Little is known of the early history of the family in this country, 
but his paternal great-grandfather, Joseph Hukill, served in the Revolutionary 
war. His grandfather, Joseph Cochran Hukill, was born in Pennsylvania and 
died in Ohio, in 1870, at the very venerable age of ninety-three years. His 
son, Joseph C. Hukill, was born in Ohio and in early manhood wedded Mary 
Jane Hall, also a native of that state. In 1861 they came to Iowa, settling on 
a farm in Iowa county, and in 1890 they removed to Mount Pleasant, where 
they lived for ten years. In 1900 they became residents of Cedar Rapids, 
where Mrs. Hukill still makes her home but in 1914 was called upon to mourn 
the loss of her husband, who passed away on the 21st of April of that year. 

Anson T. Hukill was only three years old when the family arrived in this 
state. He pursued his education in the country schools of Iowa county and 
afterward attended the Iowa City Academy, where he prepared for entrance to 
the Iowa State University, from which he was graduated in 1887 with the degree 
of Bachelor of Philosophy, while in 1890 the degree of Master of Arts was con- 
ferred upon him by the same institution. On leaving college he at once took up 
the profession of teaching, becoming superintendent of schools at West Branch, 
Iowa, where he remained for five years. He afterward spent seven years at 
Williamsburg, Iowa, as superintendent of schools, and in 1899 he accepted his 
present position as superintendent of schools on the west side of Waterloo, 
where he has now remained for fifteen years. He holds to high ideals in his 



200 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

profession, is ever advancing and improving his standards and through practical 
effort has greatly promoted the interests of public education in this city and 
state. 

On the 30th of July, 1887, at Iowa City, Iowa, Mr. Hukill was united in 
marriage to Miss Josephine Van Meter, who passed away on the 7th of October, 
1910, leaving one son, Olin \'an Meter. On the 17th of July, 1913, at Waterloo, 
Iowa, Mr. Hukill was again married, his second union being with Miss Mary 
E. Mishler. 

Mr. Hukill votes with the republican party but has never had aspiration for 
political office. His military record covers service as captain of Company B 
(University Battalion), Iowa National Guard, at Iowa City, during his senior 
college year, to which rank he rose from that of corporal. In Masonry he has 
attained the Knight Templar degree and he also has membership with the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows and the Knights of Pythias. He likewise belongs 
to the Fortnightly Club, a literary society of which he has been the president, 
and he holds membership in the Methodist Episcopal church — relations which 
indicate the nature of his interests. He correctly values life and its opportuni- 
ties, sees the chance for progress and improvement along material, intellectual 
and moral lines and has been an active factor in the movement for general 
uplift. 



B. H. BYVANK. 



B. H. Byvank is the president of the Byvank Transfer & Storage Company 
of Waterloo. He was born in Cook county, Illinois, on the 27th of December, 
i860, and is a son of George G. and Jennie (Glass) Byvank. The mother died 
during the infancy of her son and in 1865 the father came to Iowa with his family, 
settling on a farm in Bennington township. Black Hawk county, where he con- 
tinued to reside until called to his final rest. 

B. H. Byvank was but five years of age at the time of the removal to this state 
and in the district schools of Bennington township he pursued his education. At 
the time of his father's death he was nineteen years of age and upon him at that 
time developed the management of the home farm. He was married in 1885 and 
continued to engage in general agricultural pursuits upon the old homestead for 
three or four years longer. He then bought a farm for himself in Bennington 
township, continuing its cultivation until 1895, when he removed to Waterloo 
and for six or seven years was employed by the Cutler Hardware Company, but 
was ambitious to engage in business on his own account and at the end of that 
time purchased a team and dray, thus starting in the transfer business. From 
that humble beginning has been developed his present extensive drayage and trans- 
fer business until he now utilizes sixteen teams and wagons beside an auto truck. 
His patronage, which has grown year by year, is extensive and indicates wise and 
careful management of his afifairs and reliable business methods. 

In 1885, Mr. Byvank was joined in wedlock to Miss Mary Reinhardt, of 
Bremer county, Iowa, by whom he^ had three children, two of whom survive, 
namely: Clarence A., who is associated with his father in business ; and Elsie, at 




MR. AND MRS. B. H. BYVANK 




,0N* 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 203 

home. He holds membership in Black Hawk Lodge, No. ']2, L O. O. F., the 
Modern Woodmen of America, Yeomen and the Waterloo Commercial Club. All 
this indicates the nature of his interests and the breadth of his public spirit. His 
has been a busy and active life in which from his school days to the present there 
have been few idle hours. He recognized the fact that in America labor is king 
and that he who would rule must win his advancement and demonstrate his 
worth. 



JOHN COOK GATES. 



John Cook Gates, a member of the Black Hawk county bar, practicing at 
Waterloo as the senior partner of the firm of Gates & Lififring, was born at 
Hopewell, Ontario county, New York, February i6, 1838, a son of Joseph 
Brown and Pamelia Bishop (Cook) Gates, also natives of the Empire state. 
The son supplemented his public-school course by study in Genesee College at 
Lima, New York, from which in due time he was graduated, winning the degree 
of Bachelor of Science. 

In 1864 Mr. Gates came to Waterloo, Iowa, and entered the law office of 
Bagg & Allen for the study of law, thinking to make its practice his life work. 
He also secured employment in the office of the county recorder and treasurer 
and thus met his living expenses while preparing for the bar. In 1866 he was 
elected county superintendent of schools of Black Hawk county but resigned 
in 1867 to accept the office of deputy clerk of the courts, which would bring 
him into more direct connection with the work which he ultimately wished to 
follow. He served in that position and as deputy county auditor until 1872, 
when he was elected clerk of the court, remaining as the incumbent of that 
office for four terms or eight years. In 1877 he was admitted to the bar and 
when he left the office of clerk of the courts he took up the practice of law, 
becoming the junior member in 1881 of the firm of Alford & Gates, which 
relation was maintained until 1900, when Mr. Alford died. Six months later 
the firm of Gates, Hanson & Liffring was formed and that association was 
maintamed for two years, when Mr. Hanson removed to California, since which 
time the firm has been Gates & Liffring. They are accorded a liberal share of 
the work done in the courts and their clientage is not only large but of a dis- 
tinctively representative character, connecting them with much important liti- 
gation. The thoroughness with which Mr. Gates prepares his work is one of 
the strongest elements in his success. He is especially efficient in probate cases, 
and many times he has been executor or attorney for executors in the settle- 
ment of estates. Aside from his professional interests and duties he is a director 
of the Fairview Cemetery Association, a director of the Sans Souci Associa- 
tion, and a director and treasurer of the Waterloo Chautauqua & Bible Institute. 

On the 1 6th of March, 1864, in Wayne county, New York, Mr. Gates was 
united in marriage to Miss Adelia St. John, one of his classmates in Genesee 
College. To them were born five children, two of whom survive: John Howard 
Gates, a graduate of Iowa University, who is now one of the judges of the 
supreme court ot South Dakota ; and Fanny Cook Gates, a graduate of North- 



Vol. II— 11 



204 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

western University of Evanston, Illinois, of the class of 1894. Later Bryu 
Mawr College conferred upon her the Ph. D. degree. In 1898 she became pro- 
fessor of physics in Goucher College at Baltimore, Maryland, and after twelve 
years spent in that connection she entered the Chicago University for further 
study. In 19 13 she was made dean of women in Grinnell College at Grinnell, 
Iowa, where she still remains. Mrs. Adelia Gates passed away February 1, 
1874, and on the 17th of May, 1877, in Rochester, New York, Mr. Gates was 
again married, his second union being with Miss Sarah Frances Rumsey, who 
was an intimate friend of his first wife. They have an adopted daughter, Helen 
Teresa Gates, a graduate of Iowa State Teachers College, later a kindergarten 
teacher in Galesburg, Illinois, and now a student in Chicago Kindergarten College. 
Mr. Gates exercises his right of franchise in support of the men and meas- 
ures of the republican party. He is a member of the Middle West Chapter 
of Alden Kindred of xA.merica, being a direct descendant of John Alden. He 
belongs to the Methodist Episcopal church and since 1865 has served on the 
official board of Grace church, while for a third of a century he was secretary 
of the board and recording steward. He has been a generous contributor to 
the support of the church and has done everything in his power to further its 
interests and extend its influence. He was for fifteen years a member of the 
Waterloo school board and for nine years of that time he was its president. 
He is interested in all those plans and projects for the uplift and benefit of human- 
ity. His life has ever been actuated by broad humanitarian principles that have 
prompted him on many occasions to extend a helping hand. He is today one 
of the old-time residents of Waterloo, inasmuch as his connection with the city 
covers a half century, and throughout the entire period he has been a helpful 
factor in all that has pertained to its upbuilding. 



ANDREW McELHINNEY. 

In presenting the life record of Andrew McElhinney we give to our readers 
the history of one who was widely and favorably known in Black Hawk county. 
Although of Scotch ancestry, Mr. McElhinney was born in Donegal, Ireland, 
March 13, 1829, and was one of a family of eight children, the only survivor 
being his brother, Charles McElhinney, of Waterloo. Until he was fourteen 
years old he attended the local schools, performed duties required in the house- 
hold and grew up with the rude health an active busy life on a farm produces. 
He made the best use of the limited opportunities for education, which he 
acquired through reading and contact with aftairs. 

In the spring of 1850 Andrew and his brother David left the old home and 
three months later landed in Philadelphia. From May until August they worked 
on a farm at seven dollars a month and then went to Oil Creek, where they 
were accepted as employes in the White Oak Mills, where they worked at lum- 
bering for two years. Their success brought two other brothers, Patrick and 
William, to join them, and all worked together at Wild Cat Mills for six years. 
There is no doubt that Andrew was the moving spirit which brought with him 
Patrick and William on a prospecting tour to the west in 1855. ^'^ business 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 205 

instinct suggested to him the purchasing of a tract of the fertile land which 
rolled miles and miles away over the prairie, and the three brothers together 
secured a section of land in Tama county, Iowa, Andrew entering one hundred 
and sixty acres in Geneseo township, at one dollar and twenty-five cents an 
acre. He then went back to the lumber regions but returned to his property 
in the spring of 1858, broke his land and engaged George Slade, another pioneer, 
to assist in the building of what was the first frame house put up in the town- 
ship. That fall found him back again in the Pennsylvania lumber regions. His 
return in the following year was with his wife, and they settled on his farm in 
Tama county, which remained their home for thirty-one years. 

A man so self-reliant, fearless and capable soon took his natural place 
among his fellow citizens, and during his residence in that part of the county 
Mr. McElhinney filled every local office. He served as postmaster, assessor, 
trustee and school director and declined other positions of greater responsibility, 
his personal affairs having commenced to weigh heavily upon his time. Having 
added to his holdings from time to time he became the owner of eight hundred 
and eighty acres of as fine land as could be found in Tama county and this he 
brought to a high state of cultivation and added to it many modern improve- 
ments. 

With the desire to better educate his children and still keep them in the fam- 
ily circle he retired from the farm in 1890 and removed to Waterloo, where he 
purchased what was known as the Mabie home on the corner of Lime and High 
streets, but in July, 1890, he bought the Krapfel home at 427 East Fifth street, 
where he lived until his death and which is now owned and occupied by his 
youngest daughter Tressa. 

It was back in Pennsylvania that Mr. McElhinney first met his wife and 
was married January 11, 1859, to Nancy Achsah Smith, at Tidioute, Pennsyl- 
vania. She was an only daughter of Peter Smith and had two brothers, Hugh, 
now living at Reeds Springs, Missouri ; and John, who died at Guys Mills, Penn- 
sylvania, December 21, 191 2. Mrs. McElhinney was a descendant of the original 
Smiths of Virginia. She was born in Tidioute, Pennsylvania, June 21, 1834, and 
passed away at the family home in Waterloo, Iowa, November 9, 1914, leaving 
two sons and two daughters, while three of her children passed away in infancy. 
Estella J., the eldest, is the wife of Dr. H. H. Hanna of Waterloo. Fayette F., 
the oldest son, was married October 12, 1905, to Dessie Anderson and lives 
in Waterloo. Byron W. lives at Goldfield, Iowa, and was married July 3, 1899, 
to Fanny Agnes King. Tressa, the youngest, is single and lives in the old home. 

In his political views Mr. McElhinney was a stalwart republican, as are also 
his two sons. Fraternally he was a Mason, having joined the order in 1868, 
at La Porte City, where he was made a Master Mason. After coming to 
Waterloo he transferred his membership to the Waterloo lodge and until failing 
health prevented he was a regular attendant, believing in its principles and 
adopting them as one of his charts of life. A man of strict integrity, his busi- 
ness was conducted "on the square." He was a man of upright life and clean 
past. He will always be recalled as he was in his last moments — kind, genial 
and even gay, concerned for the comforts of others rather than himself. In 
his charming home, where he was seen at his best, he spent many happy, restful 
hours, when with the cares of business laid aside, he would show those attrac- 



206 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

tive attributes which made him so dearly beloved by his family and admired by 
the hosts of friends whom it was his pleasure to hospitably entertain. From 
boyhood he had been a consistent member of the Protestant Episcopal church, 
and had long been one of the vestrymen of Christ church, Waterloo, and one 
of its most liberal benefactors. 

Air. McElhinney was one of the original stockholders in the Union Mill 
Company and served as a director of that corporation from 1873, when the com- 
pany was reorganized, until the time of his death and for many years was 
president. He was also a director of the First National Bank of Waterloo, of 
which financial institution he was for many years vice president. He was also 
a stockholder of the Waterloo Improvement Company, which controlled and 
improved the Logan House property, which is now owned and occupied by the 
James Black Dry Goods Company. He had other large interests in various 
business ventures in Waterloo. An important financial interest was the Citizens 
State Bank of Goldfield. Iowa, which he founded and of which he was president, 
his successor being his son Fayette until about four years ago, when Tressa was 
elected president and Byron W'. cashier, and they are still serving in that 
capacity. 

Mr. McElhinney never had occasion to regret his determination to come 
to America when a young man of twenty-one years. He had no unwarranted 
opinion that fortune was to be had here for the asking, but he became familiar 
with the eternal principle that industry wins, and he made industry the beacon 
light of his life. As he passed on his energy and determination overcame many 
difficulties and obstacles in his path and the honesty of his purpose commanded 
for him the respect, confidence and goodwill of all. His memory is cherished 
by those who knew him, for he was not only a progressive and reliable business 
man but was a faithful friend, a loyal citizen and a devoted husband and father. 
His wife, too, shared in the high respect which was uniformly accorded to Mr. 
McElhinney and was indeed a true helpmate. Much of his success he attributed 
to his loving wife, and they both did many good deeds for those who need 
assistance on life's journey. Mr. McElhinney passed away at his home July 3, 
1903. 

Mr. McElhinney was ably assisted in his work by his youngest daughter Tressa, 
who assisted him for years in looking after his financial interests, and as he 
grew more feeble she more and more largely assumed the responsibility in 
business matters and readily showed her splendid executive ability, unfaltering 
enterprise and keen insight. She acquired her early education in the country' 
school and afterward attended the Toledo high school, of which she is a gradu- 
ate. Later she pursued a course in the Waterloo Business College, from which 
she gradviated, and she completed a four years Chautauqua and scientific course, 
doing the reading in her own home. In 1907 finding the need for a practical 
banking experience she procured employment at the Black Hawk National 
Bank, having charge of the savings department. She always felt this was a 
great benefit to her in her private interests as it gave her a broader knowledge 
of business. She had charge of her mother's business and her own and has 
large financial interests in Waterloo. She is a stockholder in the Waterloo & 
Cedar Falls Union Mill Company, and one of the largest stockholders in the 
First National Bank ; also has stock in Rath Packing Company and in the 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 207 

Black Hawk National Bank and in the Citizens State Bank of Goldfield, Iowa, 
being president of the last named. She has worked some in real estate, having 
built and now owns a number of residences which she rents, deriving therefrom 
a substantial annual income. She has a half interest in the home farm of eight 
hundred and eighty acres, her brother Byron owning the other half. She is 
resourceful, alert and sagacious and is seldom if ever at fault in matters of busi- 
ness judgment. She readily discerns the possibiHties of a situation and advances 
steadily toward the goal for which she set out. 

She possesses a singular modesty and simplicity of manner. There is no 
ostentation about anything she says or does. When she does a kindness or 
performs a duty she finds the sufficient reason for it in her own breast and has 
no desire to have it heralded abroad. She is prominent in club and social 
circles, having been secretary and treasurer of the Woman's Club, and she is 
now secretary and treasurer of the fine arts department of the Woman's Club 
and was president of the Westminster guild of the Presbyterian church and has 
filled dififerent offices in the Eastern Star. 



ALFRED A. HOFFMANN, M. D. 

Dr. Alfred A. Hofifmann is practicing in Waterloo as a member of the well 
known and prominent firm of O'Keefe, Brown & Hofifmann. His ability as a 
physician has gained him high rank and his skill is being constantly augmented by 
further reading and broad experience. He was born in Dubuque, Iowa, Feb- 
ruary II, 1891, a son of Mathias and Mary (Voelker) Hofi'mann, both of whom 
were natives of Dubuque, in which city the father conducted one of the pio- 
neer undertaking establishments, having now been engaged in business there for 
thirty-five years. He is a past president of the Iowa Funeral Directors Asso- 
ciation. His wife also survives and they were the parents of nine children: 
Leo A., who is now engaged in the undertaking business in Omaha, Nebraska ; 
Martha, the wife of Dr. H. R. Thill, of Dubuque, Iowa ; Mary, the wife of 
M. J. Grace, a deputy clerk of the courts in Dubuque; Sister Mary Jeanette, 
of the Franciscan Convent of Dubuque; Mathias M., who has joined the priest- 
hood and is assistant pastor of St. Francis church at Dyersville, Iowa: Alfred 
A.; Herbert J., a law student in the lowa University at Iowa City; Alois M., 
who is attending Dubuque College: and Txlartin H., also a student in that insti- 
tution. 

Dr. Hoftmann was reared in Dubuque to the age of eighteen years and was 
a student in St. Joseph's College to the age of seventeen. He then began prepa- 
ration for his profession in the department of medicine of the Creighton Uni- 
versity at Omaha, Nebraska, where he remained as a student for four years 
and was graduated with the class of 1912. The M. D. degree was then con- 
ferred upon him, after which he went to Denver, Colorado, and was an interne 
in St. Anthony's Hospital for a year, gaining broad practical experience through 
hospital practice with its varied opportunities and demands. He then came to 
Waterloo and entered the St. Francis Hospital as an interne, remaining in 
that position for a year. On the expiration of that period he joined Dr. O'Keefe 



208 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

and Dr. Brown in a partnership that led to the adoption of the present firm name 
of O'Keefe, Brown & Hofifmann. He now has charge of the X-ray department 
at the St. Francis Hospital at Waterloo in connection with the conduct of a 
general practice which is now extensive and important. The offices of the 
firm are located in a suite of rooms in the Commercial Bank building. 

Dr. Hofifmann holds membership in the Catholic church and with the Knights 
of Columbus. He comes of a family that has adhered to the democratic faith 
in politics and he, too, is an advocate of the party. He belongs to the Phi Beta 
Pi, a medical fraternity, and along strictly professional lines is connected with 
the Waterloo Medical Society and the Black Hawk County Medical Society. 
Although but a young man, he has already attained a most creditable position 
in professional circles that many an older practitioner might well envy. 



GEORGE S. FERGUSON. 

It is an unusual thing that four brothers of a family should continue in busi- 
ness together, for conditions and individual tastes usually separate them. How- 
ever, in the Ferguson family, which has been represented in this county since 
1868, there are four brothers who are partners in the ownership of the business 
conducted under the name of the Ferguson Manufacturing Company. One of 
these brothers is he whose name introduces this review and who throughout the 
greater period of his active business life has been connected with industrial 
pursuits. He was born m Bradford county, Pennsylvania, in 1862, a son of 
Edward and Isabelle (Cummings) Ferguson, who are mentioned at length on 
another page of this work in connection with the sketch of Albert R. Ferguson. 
The family arrived in this county in 1868, when George S. Ferguson was but a 
little lad, and their home was established on a farm eight miles northeast of 
Waterloo. 

George S. Ferguson attended the district schools of Bennington township 
and afterward became a student in the Prairie Home Seminary. He worked in 
the fields when not busy with his text-books and remained at home until twenty- 
one years of age, when he went to South Dakota, where he took up a claim and 
in connection with its development operated a well drilling machine for one 
year. At the end of that time he returned to Iowa, where he engaged in the 
creamery business for about three years. He next purchased a drilling machine 
and devoted the succeeding five years to drilling wells. At the end of that time 
he was employed as a traveling salesman by the Kelley & Tannehill Company 
and represented that house upon the road for about fifteen years, his long con- 
tinued connection with the business indicating his capability and his faithfulness 
to the trust reposed in him by his employers. Others of the family w^ere also in 
the employ of the firm, to whom the name of Ferguson stood as a synonym for 
reliability and capability. On leaving the road George S. Ferguson joined his 
l)rothers in the organization of the Ferguson Manufactviring Company and has 
since been general manager of the business, which is that of manufacturing well 
drilling machinery and supplies. His early experience in well drilling stands 
him in good stead in this connection, having brought to him a practical knowl- 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 209 

edge of the work to be done by the machinery which his company now manu- 
factures. He concentrates his energies upon this business and his close appli- 
cation and keen insight have been factors in its growing success. 

On the 23d of December, 1894, Mr. Ferguson was united in marriage to 
Miss Katherine Lemper, who was born in Galena, Illinois, a daughter of Paul 
and Anna (Cawthorn) Lemper, both of whom were natives of Illinois, whence 
they came to Iowa when Waterloo was a village and gave little promise of ever 
reaching its present metropolitan size and conditions. However, they took up 
their abode in Waterloo and the father engaged in the hardware business, in 
which he continued until a few years prior to his death, which occurred in the 
latter '80s. His widow still resides in Waterloo, occupying the old home on 
Franklin street. Mr. and Mrs. Ferguson have one son, Paul L., who is now a 
high-school pupil. They occupy an attractive residence at No. 302 Mobile 
street which Mr. Ferguson owns, together with other real estate in this city. 

He belongs to the Modern Woodmen of America and the Brotherhood of 
American Yeomen. He usually votes the democratic ticket although he is inde- 
pendent in his political views and actions. At one time he served as township 
clerk of Bennington township, but he cares little for public office, preferring to 
concentrate his efforts and attention upon other interests. He belongs to Grace 
Methodist Episcopal church and high and honorable principles guide him in all 
life's relations. 



HENRY F. HOPPE. 



Henry F. Hoppe is the owner of a valuable property of one hundred and 
eighty-six acres situated on sections 4 and 5, Spring Creek township. He also 
has other real-estate holdings in the county and his land is the visible evidence 
of a life of well directed energy and thrift. He was born in Germany, October 
5, 1879, and is a son of Carl L. and Christina (Tebbe) Hoppe, who are men- 
tioned in connection with the sketch of C. F. Hoppe, on another page of this 
work. 

The usual experiences of the farm lad fell to the lot of Henry F. Hoppe 
during his boyhood and youth. He was but five years of age when his parents 
came to the new world and therefore he was practically reared as well as edu- 
cated in Black Hawk county, attending the parochial and district schools. He re- 
mained at home until he reached the age of thirteen years and then started out 
in life on his own account, living by working as a farm hand. He was thus 
employed for eight years, during which time he practiced frugality as well as 
industry and acquired the capital that enabled him to purchase eighty acres of 
land in Spring Creek township. For five years he resided upon that farm and 
continued its cultivation, after which he removed to Waterloo, where he engaged 
in teaming for a year and a half. He next entered the employ of the W. E. 
Closson Medicine Company as traveling agent and was for five years thus en- 
gaged. He then resumed agricultural pursuits, returning to Spring Creek town- 
ship. At that time he purchased the old Seaman farm of one hundred and 
eighty-six acres on sections 4 and 5 and in the intervening years he has culti- 



210 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

vated this place and has added to it various modern improvements which make 
it one of the splendid farm properties of the district. It presents a neat and 
thrifty appearance and the well tilled fields annually return golden harvests. 
The place is well fenced and is divided into fields of convenient size in which are 
raised exxellent crops of corn, wheat and other cereals. Mr. Hoppe still owns 
his original eighty acres on section 9 and from his property derives a substantial 
annual income. 

Mr. Hoppe is the secretary for La Porte City district of the Maxfield Insur- 
ance Company. He exercises his right of franchise in support of the men and 
measures of the democratic party and keeps well informed on the questions and 
issues of the day and is ever ready to support his position by intelligent argu- 
ment. He does not seek office, however, preferring that others should win the 
political positions. His religious faith is that of the Lutheran church. He is 
truly a self-made man, for from the early age of thirteen years he has been 
dependent upon his own resources. At a period when most boys are in school 
he was earning his living and smce that time he has had few idle hours, his dili- 
gence, determination and sound business judgment bringing to him the success 
which he now enjoys. 



JOHN SMELSER. 



For the past two decades John Smelser has lived retired in La Porte City, 
but for a number of years he was energetically engaged in agricultural pursuits.' 
He was born in Tennessee in October, 1826, a son of Henry and Betsy (King) 
Smelser, natives of Tennessee and \'irginia respectively. The father was^a 
farmer and cultivated land in the Big Bend state for some time. He subse- 
quently removed to Indiana with his family and eventually to Benton county, 
Iowa, arriving there when that region was still scarcely touched by civilization! 
He continued to devote his energies to farm work until his death, which occurred 
in 1889. His wife died in La Porte City in 1882. 

John Smelser was reared and educated in the Hoosier state and when a 
young man of twenty years was there married and began farming upon his own 
account. In 1852 he came to this county and purchased one hundred and sixty 
acres of land, later adding an additional forty acres. He improved his prop- 
erty, a part of which is situated over the line in Benton county, and operated 
his farm successfully until 1894, when he retired and removed to La Porte City, 
where he has since resided, enjoying the leisure made possible by his labor in 
former years. 

Mr. Smelser was married in October, 1846, to Miss Mary A. Hogshire, and 
they became the parents of five children: John, a resident of Sioux Falls, South 
Dakota ; Nettie, who died when an infant of eighteen months ; Ernest, who lives 
in Minnesota; Henry, residing in La Porte City ; and a child who died in infancy. 
The wife and mother was called to the home beyond in 1893 and five years later 
Mr. Smelser married Mrs. Mary A. Dooley, of La Porte. 

Mr. Smelser is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church in good standing 
and contributes of his means to the carrying on of its work and the spread of 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 211 

its influence. Since age conferred upon him the right of suffrage he has voted 
the repubhcan ticket and held a number of local offices while living upon his 
farm, including that of township trustee. As an agriculturist he was alert, 
progressive and industrious, and his farm repaid his care and labor by yielding 
abundant crops, which brought a good price upon the market. His personality 
is one that inspires respect and confidence, and his probity and honor are never 
questioned. 



JOSEPH LEWIS POWERS, M. D. 

Dr. Joseph Lewis Powers, one of the most venerable citizens of Iowa, passed 
away in Waterloo on the 29th of October, 1914, when in the ninety-first year of 
his age, but his memory remains as a benediction and an inspiration to all with 
whom he came in contact, so high were his principles, so exalted his ideals, so 
generous, kindly and helpful his acts. He was born near Schenectady, New 
York, December 11, 1823, his parents being Lewis and Mehitable (Whitehead) 
Powers, natives of Vermont. He was three years of age when his parents 
removed to Newstead, New York, and was a youth of eleven years at the time 
of their emigration westward to Ohio in 1835. At the age of seventeen years 
he purchased his time from his father and through the following two years 
worked upon the farm. 

Not content with the educational opportunities he had thus far received, he 
attended the schools of Ashland, Ohio, and also Granville College, and subse- 
quently he took up the profession of teaching. W'hile thus engaged he devoted 
his leisure hours to the study of medicine and in further preparation for prac- 
tice he attended the Starling Medical College at Columbus, Ohio, in the years 
1847 a"d 1848. He afterward began the practice of medicine at Blendon, near 
Columbus, and in 1850, attracted by the discovery of gold in California, he made 
the long journey across the plains to the Pacific coast, where he arrived after 
traveling for one hundred and ten days. During the succeeding year and a half 
he conducted a medical and surgical hospital in addition to his work as a miner. 
He then decided to return to his Ohio home and started eastward with eighteen 
hundred dollars in gold, the savings of his year and a half. He returned by 
way of San Francisco and the Isthmus route to New Orleans, proceeded up the 
Mississippi to St. Louis and thence made his way to Morrow county, Ohio, 
where he invested in two hundred acres of land. He then rented his farm and 
afterward started on a three hundred mile horseback ride to the home of his 
affianced wife, Jannette S. Byam, who was then living in Iowa. They were 
married at Andrew, this state, on the 30th of December, 1852, and immediately 
returned to Ohio to begin their domestic life in a new log house which had 
been erected on the farm. They occupied that place for seven years and there 
their older children were born. At the end of that time they removed westward 
to Iowa, settling in Homer township, Benton county, where Dr. Powers resumed 
the practice of medicine in connection with the development and improvement 
of his farm. There he lived for seven years, after which he went to Irving, 
Iowa, and opened an office, concentrating his energies upon his practice. In 



212 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

1876 he was graduated from the Keokuk Medical College, which at that time 
was the medical department of the University of Iowa. In 1878 he removed to 
Reinbeck, where he followed his profession for many years, but after the death 
of his wife he retired from active practice and spent his last years with his 
children. 

Dr. Powers had two sons and three daughters : Dr. F. W. and L. E. Powers, 
both of Waterloo; Mrs. J. H. Welch, of Belle Plaine; Mrs. S. H. Cranmer, of 
Minneapolis: and Mrs. J- A. \\'ebb. of Waterloo, at whose home he was staying 
when death called him. 

Dr. Powers was a man of strong Christian faith and spirit. He thought 
little of himself or his own interests but devoted his life to service for his fam- 
ily and for the uplift of humanity. When forty-five years of age he joined the 
Methodist Episcopal church at Irving and from that time forward was a very 
active church worker, making his religion a part of his everyday existence and 
not merely a matter of Sunday observance. On removing to Reinbeck he be- 
came a charter member of the Methodist Episcopal church of that place and 
he ever endeavored to make his life the expression of his Christian belief and 
of the teachings of Him who came not to be ministered unto but to minister. 

That his life broadened in its outlook, in its perceptions and in its purposes 
is indicated by excerpts from letters which he wrote or from things that he said. 
At the time of the celebration of his silver wedding anniversary, in responding 
to the felicitations and best wishes of the friends that had gathered, in addressing 
his wife upon the part which she had filled so faithfully, he said, among other 
things, "As we enter another quarter of a century in the great race of life, if we 
fail to reach the golden anniversary of our wedded life, may we with these 
friends receive a rich and abiding crown in the Great Beyond." Twenty years 
later, upon reaching his seventy-fifth birthday, in writing a letter to one of his 
daughters, he said: "As we stand at the open door of the unwritten future 
with responsibilities pressing hard for a satisfactor)^ solution, our riper experi- 
ence would dictate that duty performed may bring responsibility, but never 
failure nor dishonor. Live on the bright side of life, pressing hard to the right, 
that honest thought, abiding purpose and Christian living shall be an inspiration 
as we make toward the other shore." Five years later, at the age of eighty, on 
the occasion of the celebration of the golden wedding anniversary of his wedded 
life, in responding to the greetings of friends, he said: "There are times when 
sentiment lingers at the threshold of thought and the tongue falters ; and we 
are almost mute in attempting to put into words, at such a time as this, a proper 
appreciation of abiding confidence and friendship. Pleasant memories remind 
us that twenty-five years ago a number of this company called upon us and left 
tokens of good-will on the occasion of our silver wedding. At that time we 
thought we were nearing Pisgah's height of human Hfe; but tonight as memory 
sweeps over a quarter of a century, the flashlight of experience and duty reminds 
us that we were then only in the foothills of life's mission. As I stand in the 
twilight in the coveted height of four score years and view the plain below, I 
am reminded that the heart treasures are the brightest pictures hanging on the 
walls of memory, and richest fruitage is gathered from friendship's altar. Stand- 
ing at the open door of the unknown future and scanning the horizon of human 
life, I am glad that, amid all its failures, life is not all a dream, but is big with 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 213 

possibilities and hope. We must remember that it is individual purpose and 
effort — leaning hard to the right — that gives coloring to character and makes 
history worthy of a place on the tablet of memory." Later, at the age of eighty- 
seven, he took some pleasure in composing a poem of eight verses on "The 
Voyage of Life,'' which he has left to the family in his own handwriting. One 
of the verses reads as follows : 

"Shadows may o'ertake you, on the way. 
And thus you wander, may go astray, 
Bethlehem's star, a light for thee, 
To brighten hope, a guide at sea." ' 

The year following the death of his wife he wrote: 'T am floating on the 
current of time, and in the passmg of my eighty-eighth birthday, I am abiding 
my time for the call to come up higher." Upon the celebration of his ninetieth 
birthday, which was held December ii, 1913, upon which occasion many friends 
called and extended their best wishes for his future health and happiness, he 
said, among other things worthy of repetition: "Self is a mighty poor master; 
self is the worst devil to contend with. My advice to the young is first, honesty, 
and a high regard for Christianity, for their own betterment and the betterment 
of society." 

At all times Dr. Powers held to the highest ideals and constantly put forth 
effort for their adoption. The consensus of public opinion is that his was a 
most earnest and consistent Christian character. Llis presence as much as his 
professional aid constituted a stimulus and a blessing in the sick room. He held 
friendship inviolable ; he was loyal to every duty and certainly the world is 
better for his having lived. He came to an honored old age with few pages in 
his life record that he might wish to erase ; on the contrary his history is one 
which should serve to inspire and encourage others, as it points out the value of 
character, of noble living and of honorable purpose. 



T. C. KOENEKE. 



J. C. Koeneke is secretary and treasurer of the Iowa Real Estate & Invest- 
ment Company of Waterloo and belongs to that class of men whose ready recog- 
nition and improvement of opportunities have led to their success. His birth 
occurred in Bremer county, Iowa, in 1886, and, spending his boyhood and youth 
there, he supplemented his early educational training by study in the Waverly 
high school and afterward entered the State Agricultural College at Ames, being 
graduated from the dairy department of that institution with the class of 1905. 
He was afterward appointed milk inspector for the large creamery plant at 
Litchfield, Minnesota, where he remained for a year, and later he became asso- 
ciated with his uncle, who was assistant dairy food commissioner of Illinois. 
Some time later he became secretary and treasurer of the Iowa Real Estate & 
Investment Company of Waterloo, which handles its own property, building 
factories, homes or any structure that prospective purchasers require. The 



214 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

business of the firm is extensive and important and has constituted one of the 
effective and forceful elements in the upbuilding and progress of the citv. Me 
has never ceased to feel an interest in that line of work for which his college 
training qualified him and he is now a member of the board of directors of the 
Dairy Cattle Congress. 

In 1909 ]\Ir. Koeneke was married to Aliss Hazel M. Cass, a daughter of 
J. F. Cass, vice president of the Waterloo, Cedar Falls & Northern Railroad 
Company, and they have one daughter, Mrginia Louise. 

Mr. Koeneke holds membership with the Evangelical church. His interest 
in public affairs also extends beyond the moral aspect to the upbuilding of those 
forces which contribute to the welfare and progress of the city along material 
lines. To this end he is a member of the Commercial Club and Board of Trade 
and of the Town Criers Club. He is a young man of capability, alert and ener- 
getic, and has made for himself a creditable position in the business world. 



L. P. SINNARD. 



America has aptly been termed the. land of opportunity. In a country where 
effort is unhampered by caste or class diligence and determination can always 
win recognition. A resident of Waterloo for more than a quarter of a century, 
having arrived in this city in 1888, L. P. Sinnard is now well known as one 
of the partners in the firm of Sinnard Brothers, leading grocers of this section 
of the state. 

Iowa claims him as a native son, his birth having occurred in Kellogg, Jas- 
per county, in 1870. He is a son of Cyrus and Emily Sinnard and in his early 
boyhood accompanied his parents on their removal to Eddyville. Iowa, where he 
was reared to the age of seventeen years. He afterward spent a year in Omaha, 
Nebraska, and at the age of eighteen came to A\'aterloo, where he has now resided 
for twenty-six years. He has only been out of the state twice since that time 
and his close application to business and his unfaltering energy have brought 
him to a conspicuous and honorable position in the trade circles of his adopted 
city. 

Almost immediately after his arri\al here Air. Sinnard entered the employ 
of Morrell & Turner, grocers, with whom he continued for about five years. 
He was afterward in the employ of other firms until the 2d of June. 1908, but 
throughout the entire period was actuated by a laudable desire of one day en- 
gaging in business on his own account. This hope soon saw its fulfilment when, 
in 1908, he and his brother formed a partnership under the firm style of Sinnard 
Brothers and embarked in the grocery trade on their own account in Waterloo, 
where the firm name has since become a household word. They began business 
in a little room on East Fifth street in the Ellis Hotel block and from the begin- 
ning success attended their eft'orts because of their unremitting diligence, their 
earnest desire to please their patrons and their thoroughly reliable business 
methods. On the ist of August, 1912. they bought out the grocery business of 
A. H. Pinkerton at No. 216 West Fourth street and L. P. Sinnard took charge 
of this store and there developed the largest retail grocery business in West 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 215 

Waterloo. On the ist of July, 191 3, they removed their East Waterloo store to 
the present location at No. 320 East Fourth street, where they have very com- 
modious quarters. That business is in charge of R. C. Sinnard, mention of 
whom appears elsewhere in this volume. The Sinnard Brothers employ on an 
average of twenty-eight salesmen and others to take care of their business. They 
have four delivery wagons on the west side and two wagons and a large auto 
truck for delivery on the east side. Their trade has now reached extensive 
proportions, making them the leading grocers of Waterloo. They carry a most 
attractive stock of staple and fancy groceries, furnishing everything known to 
the trade in their line, and their stock equals in kind any to be found in the 
largest cities. In fact, their establishment would be a credit to a city of much 
greater size than Waterloo. They have always been most careful in the stand- 
ard of goods carried, in the personnel of the house and in the treatment ac- 
corded patrons, and as a result of their methods their business has grown year 
by year. 

In 1893 Mr. Sinnard was united in marriage to Miss Emma Duke, who passed 
away in June, 1910, leaving three children: Marie, Duke and Margery. Mr. 
Sinnard belongs to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, to the Tribe of Ben 
Hur, to the Knights and Ladies of Security and the Modern Brotherhood of 
America. He is also a member of the Commercial Club and the Young Men's 
Christian Association. He is, moreover, a public-spirited citizen and, strong in 
his individuality, he never lacks the courage of his convictions. He is well 
known for the sterling integrity and honor of his character, which have naturally 
gained for him the respect and confidence of men. He is widely and favorably 
known throughout Waterloo and Black Flawk county and his worth well merits 
the high regard which is uniformly given him. 



JESSE O. BURGESS. 



Jesse O. Burgess, one of the honored veterans of the Civil war who has 
lived in well earned retirement at La Porte City since 1908, was for more than 
four decades actively and successfully identified with agricultural pursuits in 
Black Hawk county. His birth occurred in Virginia on the 3d of December, 
1835, his parents being Edward and Catherine (Pixler) Burgess, the former a 
native of Pennsylvania and the latter of the Old Dominion. They came to 
Iowa in an early day and after residing for some time in Allamakee county re- 
moved to Waterloo, Black Hawk county, the father being here engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits. Subsequently he returned to Allamakee county, where his 
demise occurred in 1894, while his wife passed away in 1884. 

Jesse O. Burgess was reared and educated in the state of his nativity and 
was a young man of about twenty-two years when in 1857 he removed with 
his parents to Allamakee county, Iowa. At the time of the outbreak of the 
Civil war he enlisted for service with the Union army as a member of Company 
I, Twenty-seventh Iowa Infantry, and remained with that command for three 
years, holding the rank of sergeant. He participated in a number of hotly con- 



216 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY • 

tested engagements and made a most creditable military record, never faltering 
in the performance of any task assigned him. Following the period of his army 
service he came to Black Hawk county and here carried on general agricultural 
pursurts continuously and successfully until 1908, when he put aside the active 
work of the fields and took up his abode in La Porte City, where he purchased 
an attractive residence and has since made iiis home. He also owns one hun- 
dred and sixty acres of land in Colorado and is widely recognized as one of the 
substantial and esteemed citizens of his community. 

On the 23d of August, 1862, Mr. Burgess was joined in wedlock to Aliss 
Alary L. Dibble, whose parents w^ere natives of Vermont and New York re- 
spectively and passed away in Pennsylvania. The father devoted his time and 
energies to farming throughout his active business career. Mr. and Mrs. Burgess 
became the parents of six children, namely : Reuben A. ; Lura ; Otto ; Cora, 
who is deceased; James; and Charles, a barber of La Porte City. 

Mr. Burgess has always exercised his right of franchise in support of the 
men and measures of the republican party, believing firmly in its principles. 
In religious faith he is a Alelhodist, and he still maintains pleasant relations 
with his old army comrades as a member of F. M. Thompson Post, G. A. R. 
He has now passed the seventy-ninth milestone on life's journey and enjoys the 
respect and veneration which should ever be accorded one who has traveled thus 
far on this earthly pilgrimage and whose career has been at all times upright 
and honorable. 



A. M. PLACE. 



A. M. Place, the vice president of the First National Bank, has been a resi- 
dent of Waterloo since 1871 and in the intervening period of forty-three years 
has advanced steadily in business circles, worth and ability winning him promo- 
tion trom time to time until he has reached his present enviable place among the 
financiers of Black Hawk county. Fie was born in Dubuque, Iowa, in 1862, a 
son of Thomas W. and Mary J. (Alyers) Place, who came to Black Hawk 
county in 1871 and are still residing within its borders. 

A. M. Place was at that time a lad of nine years. He at once entered the 
public schools of Waterloo and when his text-books w'ere put aside he imme- 
diately started upon his business career, entering the employ of the Illinois 
Central Railroad Company as telegraph operator. He was from 1881 until 
1912 associated with various lines of railroad work. Each step in his career was 
a forward one and each change brought him larger responsibilities and also 
wider opportunities. In 1912 he was called to the vice presidency of the First 
National Bank and is thus connected with one of the strongest financial institu- 
tions of the county. He is also the vice president of the First National Bank 
Building Company and is treasurer of the Marsh-Place Building Company, 
which has recently erected one of the finest business structures of the city. He 
is likewise a director in the Waterloo Loan & Trust Company and is thus actively 
and extensively connected with some of the most important business concerns 
of the city. His worth and capability are more and more widely recognized and 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 217 

his cooperation has accordingly been sought, while his judgment has constituted 
an element in the successful conduct of different business institutions. 

In 1900 Mr. Place was united in marriage to Miss Madge Manson, who was 
born and reared in Waterloo. They attend the Presbyterian church and their 
lives are guided by high and honorable principles. Mr. Place also conforms its 
teachings to the beneficent spirit of Masonry and he has membership with the 
Elks, with the Commercial Club and Board of Trade and with the Country 
Club of Waterloo. His record in every relation has been so honorable that he 
has gained the confidence and goodwill of all with whom he has been brought 
in contact and he is justly accorded a place among the prominent and -repre- 
sentative residents of Black Hawk county. 



CHARLES J. BROAD. 



Charles J. Broad is numbered with that class of citizens in whose lives effort 
and determination spell success. He had no special advantages at the outset of 
his career but he possessed determination and ambition, which are perhaps bet- 
ter than capital, and gradually he has worked his way upward until he now 
ranks with the prosperous farmers of Spring Creek township. His farm is on 
sections 25 and 26 and comprises one hundred and seventy-five acres of excel- 
lent land, the soil being very arable. 

Mr. Broad is a native son of Wisconsin, his birth having occurred in that 
state on the 8th of August, 1857, his parents being J. M. and Polly (Wells) 
Broad, the former a native of Kentucky and the latter of Ohio. The father 
was a blacksmith by trade and went to Wisconsin in an early day. He there 
engaged in blacksmithing until i860, when he came with his family to Black 
Hawk county, Iowa, and subsequently established his home near Brandon, 
Buchanan county, where he again worked at his trade until his health failed. 
He then retired from active business life and lived upon a thirteen-acre tract 
of land which he owned near the home of his son, Charles J., remaining there 
to the time of his death, which occurred in March, 1891, when he was seventy 
years of age. Plis widow survives and is now living upon that place at the very 
advanced age of eighty-five years. 

Charles J. Broad spent the period of his boyhood and youth in Iowa, being 
a lad of but three years when the family left Wisconsin and came to this state. 
He attended the public schools and at an early age began providing for his own 
support in working as a farm hand, thus spending several years. But he was 
ambitious to engage in business on his own account and at the age of sixteen 
years he rented land which he cultivated until he had attained his majority. 
During that period he carefully saved his earnings and his industry and economy 
brought him the capital that enabled him at the age of twenty-one to purchase a 
small tract of land on section 26, Spring Creek township. To this he kept adding 
from time to time as his financial resources increased until within the boundaries 
of his farm are comprised one hundred and seventy-five acres of fine land 
situated on sections 25 and 26, the buildings being upon the former section. 
When the first small tract came into his possession he at once began to cultivate 



218 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

and develop it and has since given his undivided attention to the work of the 
farm with the result that his labors have been crowned with a gratifying measure 
of success. He annually harvests good crops and he employs the most modern 
methods in tilling the soil and caring for the harvests. He also has good grades 
of stock upon his place and the farm is today a valuable property. He is like- 
wise a stockholder in the Waterloo, Cedar Falls & Northern Interurban Railroad 
Company. 

In April, 1885, occurred the marriage of Mr. Broad and Miss Celestia Cramer, 
a daughter of George and Lydia (Parker) Cramer, the former a native of New 
York and the latter of Pennsylvania. They came to La Porte City, Iowa, about 
i860, having in the meantime, however, lived for a time in Wisconsin. The 
father was a stonemason and worked at his trade throughout the period of his 
residence in this county. He died in November, 1894, at the age of sixty years, 
while his wife passed away in September, 1883, at the age of forty-four years. 
Their daughter, Mrs. Broad, was born in La Porte City in October, 1865, and 
by her marriage became the mother of four children : Fred, who is a farmer 
of Spring Creek township, this county; Vera, who died March 8, 1904, at the 
age of sixteen years ; Harry, who is married and is operating a farm in Spring 
Creek township ; and Myrta, who is engaged in teaching school in Spring Creek 
township. 

The religious faith of the family is that of the Methodist church and the 
political belief of Mr. Broad is in harmony with the platform of the republican 
party. He and his family are widely and favorably known and the hospitality 
of the best homes of their section of the county is freely accorded them. They 
display many good traits of heart and mind and have gained a large circle of 
warm friends. 



GEORGE S. MORNIN. 



Ability will come to the front anywhere and enterprise is an indomitable 
quality that will win success in the face of the strongest difficulties. These 
qualities are numbered among the characteristics of George S. Mornin, whose 
well formulated plans for business have been carried forward to successful 
completion, bringing him to the presidency of the Security Trust & Savings 
Bank, of Cedar Falls, which is one of the leading financial institutions of Black 
Hawk county. He was born December 4, 1864, in the city in which he still 
makes his home, his parents being Peter D. and Caroline (Noll) Mornin. The 
father was born in the suburbs of Dublin, Ireland, and the mother was born in 
Pennsylvania and came of Pennsylvania-Dutch parentage. 

In the year 1854 Peter D. Mornin crossed the Atlantic to the United States. 
He was then a young man and following his arrival here became associated with 
John FI. Osborn as a sub-contractor on the building of the Philadelphia & Read- 
ing Railroad. He was married in Newmanstown, Pennsylvania, and in 1858 
came west to Iowa, traveling by stage from Dunleath, at that time the terminus 
of the Illinois Central Railroad, to Cedar Falls, crossing the river here on a 
pontoon bridge. He found but a small village containing only a few white peo- 




GEORGE S. MOENIN 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 221 

pie and many Indians. He worked at whatever he could do that would give him 
a living for himself and wife. In later years he was street commissioner of 
Cedar Falls for seven years and for six years served as a member of the city 
council. He died in July, 1913, when more than eighty-five years of age, while 
his wife passed away in 1906 at the age of sixty-five years. 

They were the parents of five children, of whom only George S. Mornin 
survives. He was reared in Cedar Falls and attended its schools, passing through 
consecutive grades until he became a high-school pupil. When a youth of seven- 
teen years he went to work for the Alexander Graham Milling Company, with 
which he was identified until the mill was destroyed by fire. He afterward found 
employment with F. L. Morgan in the drug business at a salary of one hundred 
and fifty dollars per year, and eventually passed the examination as a pharmacist 
before the state board without having pursued a college course. This was three 
years after he had undertaken work in Lliat line. Later he engaged in the drug 
business on his own account and subsequently organized the Cedar Falls Drug 
Company, which was developed under his management to one of the leading 
business concerns of the city. In 1907 he sold that business to advantage and 
in company with F. W. Paulger, on the 20th of January, 1908, organized the 
Security Savings Bank, which was changed to the Security Trust & Savings 
Bank after the state legislature passed the bill allowing all banks to act as 
trustees of estates. Mr. Mornin was made president of the institution at the 
time of its organization and has since served in that capacity. 

Mr. Mornin was married in 1897 to Miss Delia A. Dayton, a daughter of 
M. A. Dayton, one of the foremost residents of Cedar Falls. Mr. Mornin holds 
membership in Black Hawk Lodge, A. F. & A. M., also with the Ancient Order 
of LInited Workmen, and the Knights of Pythias. He is likewise a member of 
the Cedar Falls Commercial Club and ranks with the city's leading residents. 
His business ability finds practical demonstration in his success. He started 
out in life empty-handed, resolving that he would win for himself a creditable 
place in business circles. He has never allowed difficulties or obstacles to dis- 
courage him ; on the contrary he has regarded them rather as an impetus for 
renewed effort on his part and today he is classed with those men for whom 
opportunity has spelled success and who, in promoting their own advancement, 
have also contributed to the upbuilding of the district in which they live. 



CLAYTON L. HOLDEN. 

A city that is growing as rapidly as Waterloo and has such excellent business 
advantages and opportunities naturally must have first class hotels in order to 
meet the demands of the traveling public. Waterloo is not lacking in this par- 
ticular and two of the excellent hostelries of the city are under the control of 
the Horton-Holden Hotel Company, of which Clayton L. Holden is the secre- 
tary and treasurer. He is acting as manager of the Ellis Hotel and has for 
four years been well known as a factor in the business life of the community. 

He was born near Erie, Pennsylvania, and was reared in that state, while 

its public schools afforded him his educational privileges. He was about twenty- 
voi. n— 12 



222 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

two years of age when he entered the employ of the Reed House of Erie, and 
later was connected with the Palace Hotel of North East, Pennsylvania. From 
his initial step he made constant advancement and at dififerent periods success- 
fully conducted hotels in Cleveland and Conneaut, Ohio, and in Chicago. He 
afterward managed a hotel for the Phelps Dodge Company at Morenci, Arizona. 
Going to Omaha, Nebraska, he there had charge of the Country Club. He was 
also made manager of the Midlothian Country Club of Chicago and has been in 
charge of the Ellis Hotel in Waterloo since its establishment. In hotel manage- 
ment he displays many of the methods of the pioneer in that he introduces new 
ideas and with initiative spirit meets changing conditions. He is always courteous 
and obliging to the patrons of the hotel and at the same time is most careful 
and businesslike in management and control. 

In 1912 Mr. Holden was united in marriage to Miss Helen Nelson, of Chi- 
cago, and they have gained many friends during the period of their residence 
in W^aterloo. Mr. Holden is a member of the Commercial Club and Board of 
Trade. His business interests have made him widely known throughout the 
country and he has the happy faculty of winning the friendship and high regard 
of all with whom he is brought in contact. Waterloo has reason to be con- 
gratulated upon winning him to the ranks of its citizens and hotel life here has 
become much more pleasing and attractive because of his identification there- 
with, as long experience has taught him the needs and demands of the traveling 
public. 



JOHN GOODFELLOW. 



John Goodfellow is now^ living retired in La Porte City, enjoying a rest 
which he has truly earned and richly deserves, for through forty years he has 
been actively identified with farming interests in Black Hawk county and has 
won his prosperity through unfaltering industry and the capable management 
of his business affairs. He was born in Ireland in December, 1838, a son of 
George and Ann (McCormack) Goodfellow, both of whom were natives of 
Ireland, in which country the father followed the occupation of farming. He 
always remained a resident of that country and the mother also passed aw^ay on 
the green isle of Erin. 

John Goodfellow was reared and educated in Ireland and at the age of 
nineteen years bade adieu to friends and native country and sailed for America 
in 1857. He settled first on Long Island, where he remained for two years, 
and at the end of that time removed to the Mississippi valley, establishing his 
home in Ogle county, Illinois. There he secured employment as a farm hand, 
working in the fields until after the outbreak of the Civil war. He watched 
with interest the progress of events in the south and felt that the Confederacy 
had no right to attempt the overthrow of the Union. Accordingly, his patriotic 
spirit aroused, he enlisted in August, 1862, as a member of Company H. Thirty- 
fourth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and served until July 31, 1865. He was 
wounded in the left hip and also lost a finger in battle. He participated in a 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 223 

number of hotly contested engagements and never hesitated to follow the nation's 
starry banner, making a most creditable record by his valor and loyalty. 

After the war Mr. Goodfellow returned to Freeport, Illinois, and was there 
married. Subsequently he came to Black Hawk county and purchased one hun- 
dred and twenty acres of land which he at once began to cultivate and improve. 
He operated the farm for four years and then sold it, removing to Tama county, 
where he purchased a farm which he continued to cultivate for practically forty 
years. His life was characterized by diligence and determination. He was not 
afraid of hard work and year by year he tilled his fields and cared for his crops. 
Success attended him as time passed on and he is now numbered among the 
men of affluence in Black Hawk county. He retired and removed to La Porte 
City, where he purchased a fine residence near the business district and there he 
has since lived, surrounded by many comforts and luxuries which have been 
secured entirely through his own efiforts. 

In January, 1866, Mr. Goodfellow Vv^as united in marriage to Miss Ann Fay, 
a daughter of Andrew and Winnifred (Kelly) Fay, who were natives of Ireland 
and came to the LTnited States in 1842. They settled first at Albany, New York, 
where they remained for seven years, after which they removed westward to 
Freeport, Illinois, where Mr. Fay operated a farm throughout his remaining 
days. His death occurred July i, 1905, while his wife passed away Janaury 10, 
1890. To Mr. and Mrs. Goodfellow were born eight children, George, John, Jr., 
Mary E., Anna, William, Jennie, Winnifred and Alice. Of these Anna died in 
1871. 

Mr. Goodfellow is still the owner of valuable farming property, including 
one hundred and sixty acres of land in Tama county and a quarter section across 
the road in Benton county, and from this property he derives a substantial annual 
income. His religious faith is that of the Episcopal church, while his wife be- 
longs to the Catholic church. Politically he is a republican, having always in- 
dorsed that party since coming to the new world and taking out his naturaliza- 
tion papers. Fie belongs to F. M. Thompson Post, G. A. R., and has ever been 
as true and loyal to his country as when he followed the old flag upon southern 
battlefields. He has never regretted his determination to come to the new world, 
for he has found here the opportunities which he sought and in their employ- 
ment has worked his way steadily upward until he is numbered today among 
the men of affluence in Black Hawk county. His record may well serve to in- 
spire and encourage others who must start out in life as he did — practically 
empty-handed. 



JAMES G. CLARK. 



James G. Clark is the junior partner in the law firm of Williams & Clark, of 
Waterloo. This firm has been in continuous existence since the ist of January, 
1912, and has been accorded a liberal share of the work of the courts. Mr. 
Clark was born in Bremer county, Iowa, in 1886 and is a son of F. G. and Jessie 
(Olds) Clark. The father is also a native of this state, his birth having occurred 



224 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

in Floyd county, and for thirty years he has been an active and representative 
business man of Waverly. 

Spending his youthful days under the parental roof James G. Clark attended 
the public schools of Waverly until graduated from the high school with the 
class of 1905. He afterward spent one year in the State University of Iowa, 
pursuing a course in the liberal arts department, after which he entered the law 
department of the same institution and was graduated therefrom with the LL.B. 
degree as a member of the class of 1910. The same year he was admitted to 
practice in the courts of Iowa and opened an office in Waverly, becoming con- 
nected with the firm of Dawson & Wehrmacher, with which he was associated 
from June, 1910, until January, 191 1, when he camie to Waterloo and entered 
the office of J. E. W^illiams, who admitted him into a partnership a year later, 
since which tmie the firm of Williams & Clark has enjoyed a growing clientage 
here. Their practice is now extensive and of an important character and there 
are few prominent cases heard in the courts with which this firm is not connected. 

In June, 191 3, Mr. Clark was joined in wedlock with Miss Florence Davis, 
of W^aterloo. a daughter of F. R. Davis, of this city, and they are well known 
socially, having a large circle of warm friends here. They have a son, Charles 
Edward, born December 21. 1914. ^Ir. Clark still retains his membership in 
the Episcopal church of Waverly and while there residing served for two years 
as deputy treasurer of Bremer county. He has membership with the Masons, 
the Elks, and the Knights of Pythias and is also a member of the Black Hawk 
County Bar Association, the Waterloo Club and the Chamber of Commerce. 
While a young man he has made steady progress since entering upon active con- 
nection with his profession and laudable ambition and determination are carry- 
ing him steadily forward and winning for him a creditable record in the practice 
of law. 



JAMES EDMUND ARTHUR. 

An excellent farm of one hundred and seventy-two acres situated on section 
7, Spring Creek township, pays tribute to the care and labor bestowed upon it 
by its owner, James Edmund Arthur, who is now successfully engaged in gen- 
eral farming, his place being splendidly improved. He was born in Fox town- 
ship, this county, in July, i860, a son of George W. and Nancy A. (Peery) 
Arthur, the former a native of Tennessee and the latter of Illinois. The father 
was a farmer and came to Black Hawk county, Iowa, in 1852. He entered land 
in Fox township, casting in his lot with the pioneer settlers of the district. Not 
a furrow had been turned nor an improvement made, but with characteristic 
energy he began the development of the place with the result that he had trans- 
formed it into rich and productive fields long before he sold out in 1884. In 
that year he removed to Raymond, where he purchased land, and to that farm 
devoted his attention throughout the remainder of his days. He passed away 
in April. 1910, at the age of eighty-two years, and is survived by his wife, who 
is living on the old home place at the advanced age of eighty-three years. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 225 

James E. Arthur spent the days of his boyhood and youth in his native 
township and remained with his parents to the age of twenty-two years, when 
he started out in Hfe on his own account by renting land, on which he Hved for 
a year. He then removed to Sioux county and engaged in the grocery business 
at Ireton in connection with his brother. For four years he was active in the 
conduct of the store and then sold out, returning to Black Hawk county, where 
he again rented land. He continued to cultivate farms until 19 lo, when, having 
carefully saved his earnings, he was enabled to purchase his present property, 
comprising one hundred and seventy-two acres on section 7, Spring Creek 
township. This he at once began to develop and improve and has operated the 
farm with excellent success. It is now one of the attractive properties of the 
district, forming a most pleasing feature in the landscape by reason of its sub- 
stantial buildings, its well kept fields and all the modern accessories which 
indicate the progressive spirit of the owner. 

In January, 1885, Mr. Arthur was united in marriage to Miss Ellen Campbell, 
a daughter of Robert and Isabelle (Thompson) Campbell, both of whom were 
natives of Scotland, whence they came to the United States in early life. The 
father worked at the mason's trade in Chicago when that city was scarcely more 
than a swamp. He afterward came to Black Hawk county and entered land 
in Spring Creek township. This he at once began to cultivate and develop suc- 
cessfully, carrying on farm work there until a few years prior to his death, 
when he retired from active business and removed to Cedar Falls, where he 
died in 1906, having for four years survived his wife, who passed away in 1902. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Arthur have been born seven children, namely: Vernal J., 
Mina I., Flossie M., E. Grace, Margaret J., Russell and Lloyd, aged respectively 
twenty-four, twenty-two, twenty-one, twenty, eighteen, fifteen and thirteen years. 

In addition to his other interests Mr. Arthur is a stockholder in the Farmers 
Creamery at La Porte City. His religious faith is that of the Presbyterian 
church and to its teachings he is most loyal. He holds membership with the 
Knights of the Maccabees and in politics is a republican, giving to the party 
stalwart support. For two years he served as township trustee and has also 
filled the office of constable, while he is interested in everything pertaining to 
the general welfare and his cooperation has been an active and forceful factor 
in advancing the public good along various Hnes. He deserves much credit for 
what he has accomplished in a business way, for he started out in life empty- 
handed and by determination and energy has reached his present position as one 
of the men of affluence in his native county. He was elected justice of the peace 
in November, 1914. 



H. W. BROWN, M. D. 



A spirit of enterprise, of progress, the dominant idea of going ahead, of 
accomplishing something greater than has been done hitherto all find exemplifi- 
cation in the life and professional activities of Dr. H. W. Brown, and there is 
no physician practicing in Waterloo who keeps more closely in touch with modern 
scientific investigation and methods in medical and surgical practice. 



226 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

He is one of the city's native sons, born in 1880. His father, Dr. H. W. 
Brown, who passed away in February, 1913, had been a practitioner of medi- 
cine in Waterloo for forty-one years and was accounted not only one of the 
valued representatives of the profession but also one of the honored citizens. 
The son attended the public schools until he completed his course by graduation 
from the high school and later he entered the medical department of the Iowa 
State University, where he won his professional degree as an alumnus of the 
class of 1906. He immediately entered upon the practice of his profession with 
his father and the relation was maintained until the latter's death. Dr. Brown 
then practiced alone until June, 1914, when the present firm of O'Keefe, Brown 
& Hoffmann was formed. They have an extensive practice and their office is 
supplied with all modern equipments, an X-ray machine and all the latest im- 
proved surgical instruments and apparatus to further their efforts for the restora- 
tion of health. Their library is an extensive one and Dr. Brown has ever 
remained a close student of the literature of the profession. Moreover, he is a 
member of the Waterloo Medical Society, the Black Hawk County Medical 
Society and the Iowa State Medical Association. 

While his professional activities are his chief interest and no professional 
duty is neglected for outside interests, he nevertheless is well known in other 
connections and heartily supports and cooperates in all of the plans and move- 
ments of the Commercial Club and Board of Trade, of which he is a member, 
for the upbuilding and benefit of the city. He likewise has membership with 
the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks and is popular in that organization and 
among all by whom he is known. His entire life having been passed in Waterloo, 
he has a wide acquaintance and goodwill toward and high regard for him are 
expressed on all sides. 



IDA G. RHOADES, M. D. 

Dr. Ida G. Rhoades, secretary of the Black Hawk County Medical Society 
and a practicing physician and surgeon of Cedar Falls, has, in keeping with the 
tendency of the age toward specialization, largely concentrated her energies 
upon diseases of women and children. She has her office at No. 125 West Sixth 
street and she is enjoying a constantly growing practice. Dr. Rhoades is a 
native of Chicago and a daughter of J. M. Grant, a cousin of Ulysses S. Grant. 
When fifteen years of age she came to Iowa and after acquiring a broad and 
liberal education she determined to engage in the practice of medicine as a life 
work, and with that end in view entered the medical department of Drake Uni- 
versity, from which she was graduated with the class of 1909. She served as 
an interne in St. Joseph's Hospital for one year and thus put her theoretical 
knowledge to the practical test and gained that broad practical experience which 
only hospital work can bring. At the end of that time she came to Cedar Falls, 
where she has since followed her profession as a general practitioner, although 
specializing to a considerable extent in the treatment of diseases of women and 
children. Her knowledge is broad and her skill places her among the able mem- 
bers of the profession in this section of the state. She is a member of the Black 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 227 

Hawk County Medical Society, of which she is the present secretary, is a mem- 
ber of the Women's Medical Association, of the Iowa State Medical Society and 
the American Medical Association. 

In 1899 Miss Ida G. Grant became the wife of Charles B. Rhoades, a native 
of IlHnois and a son of George T. Rhoades. He is now a retired traveling sales- 
man and is the owner of a fine farm near Webster City, Iowa, from which he 
derives a very substantial annual income. In Masonry he has attained high 
rank and is now a member of the Mystic Shrine. Dr. Rhoades is connected 
with the Eastern Star and also with the Royal Neighbors. She is a member of 
the Congregational church and is interested in all good works. She has one of 
the fine homes of Cedar Falls and is very popular socially as well as profes- 
sionally, enjoying in unqualified measure the high regard and goodwill of not 
only the members of the profession but of ail who know her. 



E. T. ALFORD, M. D. 



Dr. E. T. Alford, a practicing physician of Black Hawk county living at 
Waterloo, is one of the representatives of the profession who holds to high 
standards and has done excellent work worthy the gratitude and high regard 
of his fellow townsmen. He is a native son of Waterloo, his birth havmg here 
occurred thirty-nine years ago. his father being the Hon. Lore Alford. At the 
usual age the son entered the public schools, passing from grade to grade until 
he was graduated from the East Waterloo high school with the class of 1893. 
In further preparation for the practical and responsible duties of life he entered 
the pharmaceutical school of the Northwestern University of Illinois, at Chicago, 
and was graduated therefrom in 1896. His next step toward a professional career 
was matriculation in Rush Medical College of Chicago, of which he is an alumnus 

of 1901. . , „, . 

During the years 1902-03 Dr. Alford was house surgeon for the Chicago 
Baptist Hospital and then went abroad for further study, attending the Uni- 
versity of Vienna in 1904-05. He came under the instruction of some of the 
most eminent physicians and surgeons of the old world and attended many 
clinics wherein he gained wide knowledge of modern scientific methods of 
medical practice. Upon his return to the new world, he settled in Chicago, where 
he opened an office and followed his profession until 1908. He then came_ to 
Waterloo where he has since been engaged in practice, corifimng his attention 
more and more largely to surgery as the years have passed on. His work as a 
surgeon covers almost the entire state and his ability in that direction ranks him 
among the foremost members of the profession in Iowa. He is now chief sur- 
geon for the Waterloo, Cedar Falls & Cedar Rapids Railroad, is district surgeon 
for the Chicago Great Western Railroad, is surgeon for the Rock Island & Pacific 
Railroad and is surgeon to the Presbyterian and St. Francis Hospitals. 
■ Dr Alford was married in 1906 to Miss Elizabeth Wilhston, of Manchester, 
and they have become parents of two children, Williston and Eleanor. Dr. 
Alford holds membership in the Commercial Club and Board of Trade and is 
intensely interested in the city's welfare and upbuilding. However, his atten- 



228 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

tion is chiefly given to his profession, which is constantly making greater de- 
mands upon him. He belongs to the local medical society, the Iowa State Med- 
ical Society, the Iowa Clinical Surgical Society, the American Association of 
Railway Surgeons and the American Medical Association. He is also a Fellow 
of the American College of Surgeons. 



JOHN. H. LUNEMANN. 

John H. Lunemann has been officially connected with the First National Bank 
of La Porte City for a number of years and is now serving as its vice president. 
He gives the greater part of his attention, however, to his real-estate business, 
which is very extensive and makes heavy demands upon his time. He was born 
in Waterloo, on the 4th of September, 1870, a son of Herman and Jantje 
(Plumer) Lunemann, both natives of Germany. Upon their emigration to 
America they made their way to Cedar Falls, Iowa, where they located in 1864. 
The father followed his trade of blacksmithing there for three years and then 
the family removed to Waterloo, which remained their home for a similar length 
of time. At the end of that period they removed to La Porte City, where the 
parents lived during the remainder of their lives. The father, who was a resi- 
dent of La Porte City for about forty years and was widely known and greatly 
respected, died in January, 19 10, and the mother in November, 1898. 

John H. Lunemann was but an infant when the family removed to La Porte 
City and his boyhood days were spent there. He received his education in the 
city schools, being graduated from the high school in 1886, and for five years 
thereafter he clerked, after which he engaged in the dry-goods and clothing 
business for himself. After ten years so spent, or in 1901, he removed to 
Dysart, Iowa, and became one of the organizers of the First National Bank at 
that place. He was the first cashier of that institution but did not serve in that 
capacity long, as, in 1902, he was elected cashier of the First National Bank of 
La Porte City and filled that position for six and a half years. Since that time 
he has been vice president of the bank and has devoted his energies chiefly to 
the conduct of his large real-estate business. He handles Florida lands and is 
vice president and general manager of the National Land Company of Jackson- 
ville, Florida ; secretary and general manager of the Florida Homeseekers Land 
Company with headquarters at Melbourne, Florida ; and secretary of the Lune- 
mann Land Company of W^hite Springs, Florida. He is also president of the 
Davenport Land & Improvement Company of Davenport. Iowa. These various 
companies are prospering and doing a large business and his efficiency and 
ability are indicated in the fact that he holds a responsible position in all of them. 

Mr. Lunemann was married in December, 1896, to Miss Augusta Miller, a 
daughter of Rev. M. J. and Sobina (Andre) Miller, natives of Pennsylvania. 
Her father was a German Evangelical minister and was sent to Kansas as a 
missionary in the pioneer days of that state before the Civil war. He preached 
many years at diff'erent places and was for three years stationed at La Porte 
City. In 1912 he passed to his reward, but his widow survives and makes her 
home here. To Mr. and Mrs. Lunemann have been born three children : [ohn 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 229 

Miller, thirteen years of age who is attending school ; Mark Henry, a child of 
eight who is also attending school; and Roger Alan, who is two years old. 

Mr. Lunemann is a loyal member of the Methodist Episcopal church and 
fraternally is quite well known, belonging to the Masonic lodge, the Modern 
Woodmen of America and the Knights of the Maccabees. His political alle- 
giance is given to the republican party and he has served as mayor of the city 
for one term. He owns what is probably the finest home in the city and his 
real-estate business returns him annually a handsome profit. His fellow citizens 
not only respect his ability as displayed in the commercial world, but also esteem 
him for his integrity and uprightness of character. 



JOHN FRANCIS SIMPSON. 

For a quarter of a century John Francis Simpson has been a resident of 
Waterloo, where he is now well known as the president of the Crystal Ice & 
Fuel Company. He was born in Davenport in 1866, but was reared in Paoli, 
Indiana. On coming to Waterloo about twenty-five years ago — then a young 
man in the early twenties — he eagerly embraced every opportunity that would 
enable him to earn an honest living and finally entered the employ of J. T. 
Burkett, a millwright, with whom he was connected during the construction of 
the mill of the Cedar A^alley Manufacturing Company, of which Mr. Burkett 
was an officer. He afterward spent seven years with the Deering Harvester 
Company and still later was for a year in the employ of the Iowa Dairy Separator 
Company. At the end of that time he accepted the management of the Waterloo 
Ice & Fuel Company. This was in February. 1902. Three years later, or in 
February, 1905, the business was reorganized under the name of the Crystal 
Ice & Fuel Company and Mr. Simpson became manager of the new concern, 
with C. P. Fedderson as the president, L. D. Miller as secretary and treasurer, 
and N. Federspeil as vice president. The business was thus continued until the 
following year, when Mr. Simpson and L. D. Miller bought the interest of the 
other two stockholders, since which time Mr. Simpson has been the president 
of the company, with Mr. Miller as the secretary and treasurer. 

In 1904 Mr. Simpson, in connection with H. E. Teachout, of Des Moines, 
and C. M. Mohler, organized the Iowa Ice Dealers' Association, of which he 
has since been the secretary. He is also fourth vice, president and director of 
the Natural Ice Association of America. In business affairs he seems to see 
from the circumference to the very center of things and recognizes to the utmost 
extent the possibilities of a situation. He is energetic, is equally determined, 
and in the conduct of his interests brooks no obstacles that can be overcome 
by persistent, earnest and honorable efifort. 

Mr. Simpson has been married twice. He first wedded Miss Agnes Thomp- 
son, who at her death left three children : Charles Francis, now a student in 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology at Boston; and Arthur R. and Paul 
A., who are students in the East Side high school of Waterloo. For his second 
wife Mr. Simpson chose Miss Alice M. Shutts. They are well known in Water- 
loo, where they have many friends. 



230 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Mr. Simpson was reared a strict Presbyterian. While not a member of the 
church at the present time his life has ever been actuated by high and honorable 
principles and he is an exemplary representative of the Masonic fraternity, 
which has as its basic principle a recognition of the brotherhood of mankind. 
He has attained very high rank in Masonry and has been honored with many 
official positions. He has served as high priest of Tabernacle Chapter, No. 52, 
R. A. M.; as thrice illustrious master of Crescent Council, No. 16, R. & S. M. ; 
and as warden of Ascalon Commandery, No. 25, K. T. He has been secretary 
of Waterloo Lodge, No. 105, A. K. & A. M., for three years and has filled most 
of the chairs in that organization. He has attained the thirty-second degree of 
the Scottish Rite and he is likewise a member of the Eastern Star. He also has 
membership with the Sons of the American Revolution, with the Benevolent 
Protective Order of Elks and with the Knights of Pythias. He belongs to the 
Commercial Club and Board of Trade and to the Waterloo Traveling Men's 
Association. His entire life has been marked by a steady advance. His in- 
dustry and enterprise find tangible evidence in his success. He may well take 
pride in his present achievements, for he has been most true and loyal to the 
beneficent teachings of the craft and it has ever been his rule to balance accounts 
between acts and motives. 



CLARENCE E. BENEDICT. 

Clarence E. Benedict, conducting a growing and profitable business in the 
vulcanizing of automobile tires and all rubber goods, was born near Washburn, 
this county, on the ist of June, 1887, a son of Elial and EHzabeth (Rowbottom) 
Benedict, both of whom were natives of Wisconsin, born near Kenosha. The 
father made farming his life work, following that pursuit in Wisconsin until 
1884, when he came to Iowa, settling on a farm south of Washburn, where he 
resided for about eighteen or twenty years. He then removed to a farm west 
of Waterloo and thereon remained until 191 1, when he went to Saskatchewan, 
Canada, where he is now carrying on general agricultural pursuits, having de- 
voted his entire life to that vocation. In his family were two children, the 
elder being George, now residing south of Waterloo, where he carries on general 
farming. 

The younger is Clarence E. Benedict, who after attending the country 
schools, in which he mastered the elementary branches of learning, became a 
student in the Waterloo Business College. Through the period of his early 
youth he assisted his father in the work of the fields and at the age of seventeen 
years began working for others, being thus employed up to the time of his mar- 
riage, when he began farming on his own account in Canada. He remained for 
three years in that country and then returned to Black Hawk county, taking up 
his abode in Waterloo. For about a year he was employed at the vulcanizing 
business and then embarked in the same business on his own account, since 
which time he has secured a large patronage from the people of Waterloo and 
the surrounding territory. His trade is growing week by week and has already 
assumed gratifying and profitable proportions. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 231 

On the i6th of February, 191 1, Mr. Benedict was united in marriage to 
Miss Ethel Fike, who was born in Tama county, Iowa, her parents being Emanuel 
and Ella (Hill) Fike. They now reside in Waterloo, the father having retired 
from active business. Mr. and Mrs. Benedict have one child, Gerald, born on 
May 6, 1914. Their religious faith is that of the Presbyterian church, the 
services of which they attend. Mr. Benedict is independent in politics, nor has 
he sought to figure prominently in any public connection, preferring to concen- 
trate his energies upon his business affairs. He and his family now reside at 
No. 219^4 West Sixth street. 



• AMOS \^AN V.ALKENBURG. 

For over three decades Amos Van Valkenburg has been cashier of the Union 
State Bank of La Porte City and he is conceded to be one of the financial leaders 
of the place. He was born in Sharon, Schoharie county. New York, on the 3d 
of August, 1848, a son of John and Elizabeth Van Valkenburg. His ancestry 
has been traced back for many generations to the town of Valkenburg, which is 
now within the borders of Holland, although the German language is spoken 
there. The first of the Van Valkenburg family to emigrate to America were 
Lambert and Annetie Van Valkenburg, who settled in Manhattan prior to 1643 
and the records show that in that year he was the owner of "forty morgans" of 
land in what later became the great city of New York. Later the family settled 
in the Schoharie valley, New York. The great-grandfather of our subject, 
John J. Van Valkenburg, served as a soldier in the war of the Revolution from 
the fall of 1775 until the close of the struggle. The maternal ancestors of Mr. 
Van Valkenburg, the Browns, settled in the Schoharie valley, New York, about 
the same time as did the Van Valkenburgs, and his great-grandfather, John M. 
Brown, Avas likewise a soldier in the war for independence. He was further 
distinguished as the second judge of Schoharie county and was an honored 
member of the judiciary of New York. 

Amos Van Valkenburg was educated in the public schools of Sharon, New 
York, and in the high school of Brookfield, Missouri. He began teaching when 
a young man and followed that profession until after his arrival in La Porte 
City, Iowa, in the spring of 1878. The following summer he entered the City 
Exchange Bank as bookkeeper and continued in that capacity for five years, or 
until the suspension of the bank in May, 1884. The following month the Union 
State Bank was organized and he was elected assistant cashier and after nine 
months was promoted to cashier. Throughout the many years intervening he 
has held a position of responsibihty and has had practically the entire manage- 
ment of the institution. Such being the case its success must be largely accredited 
to his superior business ability and judicious direction of afifairs. He has been 
cashier of the bank for three decades and during that time less than five hundred 
dollars has been lost through the loan department, which is a record very seldom 
made by a banking house. The funds of the institution are so handled that not only 
is their safety secured but the bank is also enabled to pay a good dividend. Mr. 



232 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Van Valkenburg is accounted one of the most successful bankers in this part 
of the country and his advice upon financial matters is often sought. 

Mr. Van Valkenburg was married in 1876 to Miss Georgie Ricker, of 
Empire, Minnesota, who had been one of his pupils while he was a teacher, and 
to them has been born a daughter, Irene. Mr. Van Valkenburg has been called 
upon to rill various public positions and in each instance has rendered efficient 
service. For five terms he was city recorder and served for many years on the 
school board, being for fifteen years president of that body, and during that 
time many forward steps were taken in the management of the public schools. 
Fraternally he belongs to the Masonic order and he is also a member of the 
Commercial Club of La Porte City and the Commercial Club and Board of 
Trade of Waterloo. His political allegiance is given to the republican party and 
he was the chairman of the last republican county convention held under the old 
caucus plan. He and his family are adherents of the Presbyterian church and 
he contributes of his means to the furtherance of its work. He has taken quite 
a prominent part in the establishment of various business enterprises, being one 
of the organizers of the La Porte City Building & Loan Association, the Union 
State Bank, the La Porte Improvement Company, the Electric Light & Water 
Company, the Iowa Canning Company and the Permanent Sewer Company. 
His fine home at No. 626 Commercial street is but one evidence of his material 
prosperity and he is justly considered one of the representative men of the com- 
munity. His financial success is but one phase of his achievement as he has 
accomplished much along lines that make for the moral and intellectual advance- 
ment of the city. 



WILLIAM ALBERT HEY. 

William Albert Hey is a member of the Miller-Hey Construction Company, 
of Waterloo, which is widely known throughout this section of the country for 
work in constructing concrete bridges. He was born near Topeka, in Osage 
county, Kansas, on the ist of August, 1870, a son of Jacob and Jennie (Andrews) 
Hey, natives of New York and Ohio respectively. The father is a retired farmer 
living upon the farm in Kansas which he entered as a homestead forty-five years 
ago. His first wife passed away in 1885. To their union were born five chil- 
dren : Delia, who died when fifteen years of age; William Albert, of this re- 
view; Cora, now Mrs. Elmer Armor, of San Diego, California; Denton, who 
resides in Tulsa, Oklahoma; and Anna, the wife of Stephen Halstead, who lives 
in Overbrook, Kansas. The father was again married. Miss Rose Frazier be- 
coming his wife, and they had two children: Florence, who died when a child 
of three years; and Roscoe, of Manhattan, Kansas. 

William A. Pley remained in Kansas until he was nineteen years of age and 
attended the public schools in the acquirement of his education. Upon leaving 
the Sunflower state he went to Colorado and engaged in building steel bridges, 
beginning at the bottom of that business and working up as his knowledge in- 
creased. After a short time he was made assistant foreman and still later his 
ability was recognized and he was promoted to the position of foreman. In 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 233 

1893 he left the employ of the company with which he had been connected for 
a number of years and became associated with the Chicago Bridge & Iron Com- 
pany of Chicago, with which he remained two and one-half years. He then 
went with the Indiana Bridge Company and continued in their employ for about 
a year and a half, sub-contracting for them a part of this time. He then worked 
for three years as a miner and mining contractor in Cripple Creek, Colorado, 
and Old Mexico and proved very successful in these connections. Following 
this he was with a number of bridge companies in various capacities, but in 
time became connected Avith the Marsh Bridge Company of Des Moines, and 
was made superintendent of construction, which place he held until June i, 
1908, when he left their employ. He then built a home in Highland Park, Des 
Moines, and engaged in general contracting in that city. In April of the next 
year, he became a member of the Advance Construction Company, with head- 
quarters at Waukesha, Wisconsin, and was superintendent of construction in 
the bridge building department. While with that company he built some of the 
largest and finest concrete bridges in this section of the country, among them 
being that across the Cedar river at Charles City, Iowa, and one at Ypsilanti, 
Michigan, across the Huron river. 

In 191 1 Mr. Hey formed a partnership with George W. Miller and they 
purchased the bridge department of the Advance Construction Company, located 
in Waterloo, and continued its operation under the firm name of Miller-Hey 
Construction Company. They confine their attention exclusively to the building 
of concrete bridges, combining strength and power of resistance with beauty of 
design, and the business of the firm is steadily increasing as the merit of their 
work becomes more widely known. 

Mr. Hey was married on the 2d of October. 1901, at Victoria, Colorado, to 
Miss Hattie Miller, a native of Des Moines and a daughter of Richard and Ada 
(Likes) Miller. To Mr. and Mrs. Hey have been born four children: Jesse 
Parks, eleven years old ; Wilma Jeannette, seven years of age ; William Edwin, 
five years old ; and Ruth Louise, a child of two years. 

Mr. Hey gives his political allegiance to the republican party and has always 
taken a praiseworthy interest in the welfare of the community in which he re- 
sides. The Miller-Hey Construction Company is one of the leading industrial 
enterprises of Waterloo and adds largely to the business activity and growth of 
the city. Much of the success of the company is due to the technical knowledge 
and the administrative ability of Mr. Hey and he is ranked among the prominent 
men of the city. 



GEORGE W. MILLER. 



George W. Miller is the secretary-treasurer of the Miller-Hey Construction 
Company, builders of concrete bridges, in which connection the company enjoys 
a most enviable reputation that has led to contracts being awarded them in Iowa 
and other states. Mr. Miller was born in Barnes City, Mahaska county, Iowa, 
April 16, 1881, a son of John B. and Martha A. (Darland) Miller, the former 
a native of Ohio and the latter of Indiana. Mrs. Miller was a daughter of 



234 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

John and Margaret (Lowe) Darland, who are residents at this time of the town 
in which George W. Miller was born. John B. Miller was a son of Samuel 
and Maria (Braddock) Miller, who arrived in Iowa in 1855, in which year they 
removed from Hancock county, Ohio, to Keokuk county, this state. During 
his early manhood John B. Miller engaged in teaching school and later followed 
merchandising in Iowa. In 1853 Martha A. Darland arrived in Poweshiek 
county, Iowa, with her parents, who, Hke the parents of John B. Miller, were 
among the early settlers, taking an active part in the pioneer development. For 
many years John B. Miller successfully carried on business and in 1896 retired, 
spending his remaining days in the enjoyment of a well earned rest until death 
called him on the 24th of August, 1907. His wife passed away August 24, 
1908, just a year after his demise. They were the parents of two children : 
Lilly Mae, the wife of A. E. Priem, a business man of Seattle, Washington; 
and George W. 

The latter attended school in Alontezuma, Iowa, where his father was en- 
gaged in business. In the pursuit of his education he passed through consecu- 
tive grades until graduated from the Montezuma high school with the class of 
1898. He then entered Iowa State College at Ames in 1899 and there pursued 
a course in civil engineering, which he completed in 1903, winning the degree of 
B. C. E. After his graduation he was employed in the city engineer's office at 
Des Moines until December of that year, when he became connected with the 
Marsh Bridge Company of Des Moines as an engineer, remaining with that 
firm until 1906. He then returned to the ofifice of the city engineer, where he 
remained for one year as assistant city engineer of Des Moines, after which he 
again spent one year in the employ of the Marsh Bridge Company. He next 
went to Norwood, Colorado, in April, 1908, as chief engineer for the Empire 
Irrigation Company. On the 1st of September of the same year, however, he 
returned to the middle west, going to Wisconsin, where he became bridge engi- 
neer for the Advance Construction Company. In the spring of 1909 he became 
a stockholder therein and came to Waterloo as Iowa representative of the com- 
pany. On the 1st of January, 191 1, Mr. Miller and W. A. Hey took over the 
bridge department of the Advance Construction Company and they then formed 
a partnership under the name of the Miller-FIey Construction Company, engi- 
neers and constructors of concrete bridges. They have secured various im- 
portant contracts resulting in building numerous bridges throughout Iowa and 
other states. Mr. Miller thoroughly understands the scientific principles which 
underlie the business as well as the practical phases of the work and is thus well 
qualified to execute important contracts. He also is interested in a fruit ranch 
in Idaho and is the owner of valuable residence and business property in 
Waterloo. 

On the 6th of April, 1904, Mr. Miller was united in marriage to Miss Cam- 
mie L. Waugh, a native of Albia, Iowa, and a daughter of John E. and Martha 
(Arnold) Waugh, who were early settlers of this state. Mrs. Miller's grand- 
father Waugh was killed at Nashville, December 3, 1864, while serving in the 
Union army. Her mother died November 9, 1906, and her father now resides 
near Nampa, Idaho. To Mr. and Mrs. Miller have been born three children : 
Kenneth Arnold, eight years of age; Howard Albert, who is five years of age; 
and John Robert, who is but a year old. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 235 

Mr. Miller holds membership in both the Ancient Free & Accepted Masons 
and the Royal Arch Masons and he belongs also to the Knights of Pythias. His 
political allegiance is given to the republican party but he does not seek nor de- 
sire office, preferring to give his undivided attention to his business afifairs, in 
which he is meeting with substantial success owing to his close application, his 
indefatigable efforts and his honorable methods. 



E. A. SNYDER. 



E. A. Snyder, of Cedar Falls, now in his seventy-seventh year, as student, 
teacher, soldier, surveyor, as editor for thirty-six years and postmaster for ten 
years, filled over a half century with useful activity. A student at Wyoming 
Seminary, Kingston and Dickinson Seminary of Williamsport, Pennsylvania, 
and in 1858 at Dixon College in Dixon, Illinois, he was well equipped for teach- 
ing. His professional service was broken by his enlistment at the age of twenty- 
three in the Dement Phalanx, September i, 1861. He was appointed adjutant 
of the post. The demand for all available soldiers to assist in taking Fort 
Donelson led to the retirement of Colonel Dement, who was a Black Hawk war 
colonel, and left Adjutant Snyder to discharge the duties of that position for an 
inexperienced relative of his new colonel but on a private's pay. He carried a 
gun at Fort Donelson and both days on Shiloh's bloody field, having a number 
of close calls from shells and bullets. He participated in the siege of Corinth 
and later was promoted to second lieutenant, "for meritorious services,'' as his 
commission states. After the battle of Hatchie river, where his colonel, John 
A. Davis, was mortally wounded directly in the rear of Lieutenant Snyder, the 
latter was detailed as an officer in the United States Signal Corps and served 
with the staff of General Grant and later with General Sherman during the 
siege of Vicksburg, while still later he was with General Logan. 

Some months after Mr. Snyder returned from the south he came to Cedar 
Falls and in 1870 was elected county surveyor of Black Hawk county, in which 
office he served for live years. 

In 1868 he bought a half interest in the Cedar Falls Gazette and became asso- 
ciated with his brother, C. W. Snyder, whose interest he purchased in 1879, 
continuing as editor until February i, 1904. The Gazette was held in high 
esteem and its political, moral and religious principles were not only of the 
highest type but never was there thrown over them a shadow of distrust or 
uncertainty. Some of the men now engaged in the activities and affairs of that 
grownng city continue to tell him of the interest with which they devoured the 
definite, clear cut editorials and paragraphs they read when boys in their only 
newspaper, the Gazette. He engaged earnestly with pen and law to promote 
the interests of temperance and rid Cedar Falls of saloons after the passage 
of the Iowa prohibitory law and he has the unusual record of having instituted 
sixty- four prosecutions. The saloon men were driven out and never returned, 
but Mr. Snyder remembers these as his most trying years, notwithstanding 
his army service. He very acceptably filled the office of postmaster of Cedar 
Falls from May i, 1899, until May i, 1909, exactly ten years. 



236 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

From his boyhood Air. Snyder has been an active member of the Methodist 
Society and in 1888 was a delegate to the general conference of the Methodist 
Episcopal church held for one month in New York city. Mr. Snyder has always 
taken an interest in educational affairs, has served on the school board and has 
contributed liberally to the educational, benevolent and missionary interests 
of church and school. He very much desired to see a hospital erected, recog- 
nizing a long- felt want in this connection, and in 1908, by written agreement, 
he promised to make a donation of three hundred and twenty acres of valuable 
land in Canada, provided an equal sum was given by citizens for the building 
of the hospital. Delay in financing the undertaking continued until the death 
of Joseph Sartori, when his son, J. F. Sartori, of Los Angeles, California, made 
a gift of thirty thousand dollars to build a hospital as a memorial to his parents. 
As one of the several trustees, Mr. Snyder spent much time during the summer 
and fall of 1914 looking after details of construction and made contributions 
toward grounds and equipment. 

On the 24th of September, 1867, Mr. Snyder was united in marriage to Miss 
Mary A. Cameron, of Cedar Falls. Two daughters were born to them. The 
elder, a dear daughter upon whom his heart was set and to whose memory he 
desired to erect a hospital, died in girlhood. The younger, with her family, 
lives in Long Beach, California, where Mr. and Mrs. Snyder are now spending 
their fifth winter. 



EDWARD H. HEADFORD. 

Ability and worth have constituted the foundation upon which Edward H. 
Headford has builded his success. He is now president of the Headford Brothers 
& Hitchins Foundry Company and as such is in control of a constantly develop- 
ing business, which was established in Waterloo in 1903. A native of Dubuque, 
Iowa, he was born September 4, 1862, a son of William and Elizabeth (Robin- 
son) Headford, both of whom were natives of England. They came to America, 
however, in childhood days with their respective parents, who settled with their 
families in Iowa, the marriage of the young couple being celebrated in Dubuque, 
where the families took up their abode about 1854. W'illiam Headford was a 
foundryman and was foreman of a large plant in Dubuque for many years, 
being thus actively identified with the industrial interests of that city. He died 
there January 9, 1905, and is survived by his widow, who makes her home in 
Dubuque. 

Edward H. Headford spent his youthful days in his father's home and 
worked his way upward through consecutive grades in the public schools until 
he had become a high-school pupil. Afterward he studied in Bayless Commercial 
College of Dubuque and in 1878, when sixteen years of age, he entered upon 
an apprenticeship to the molder's trade. He worked in the Novelty Iron Works 
of Dubuque until 1887, when he was offered and accepted the foremanship of 
the Iowa Iron Works, at that time the largest establishment of the kind on the 
upper Mississippi river. He continued to fill this position, which was one of 
responsibility and importance, for two years but, ambitious to engage in business 




EDWARD H. HEADFORD 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 239 

on his own account, he carefully saved his earnings and at length joined his 
brother, W. T. Headford, in establishing a foundry of their own at Dubuque 
under the firm style of Headford Brothers. In 1892 they were joined by F. O. 
Hitchins, since which time the business has been conducted under the firm name 
of the Headford Brothers & Hitchins Foundry Company. They remained in 
Dubuque until 1903, when the plant was removed to Waterloo and since that 
time their establishment has been classed by reason of the volume of their trade 
and the importance of their business as one of the leading industrial enterprises 
of the city. 

In 1886 Mr. Headford was united in marriage to Miss Lotta B. Way, of 
Warren, Illinois. He is a valued member of Helmet Lodge, No. 89, K. P., and 
he holds membership also in the Royal Arcanum. He and his wife attend 
the Congregational church, of which Mrs. Headford is a member. His political 
allegiance is given to the republican party and for one term he served as alder- 
man at large. He keeps well inform'ed upon the questions and issues of the 
day and is ever ready to support his position by intelligent argument. In com- 
munity affairs he is known as a supporter of measures and movements for the 
public good and he holds membership in the Chamber of Commerce and in 
the Town Criers Club of Waterloo, organizations for the benefit of the city 
and the expansion of its business relations. His success is the merited reward 
of his industry and determination. Gradually he has worked his way upward 
and may truly be counted among the self-made men of Waterloo. 



JOHN ANDREWS. 



John Andrews is president of the Fred L. Kimball Company and secretary 
of the Shoemaker-Van Pelt-Mayne Company of Waterloo, of which city he 
has been a resident for the past seven years. He is a native of Wisconsin but 
during his infancy was brought to Osage, Iowa. His mother died during his 
early boyhood and he was taken to the west, living in South Dakota for fifteen 
years. In early life he learned the printer's trade and has since been connected 
with sorne phase of the business. He was engaged in publishing in South Dakota 
for twelve years and also published a newspaper in Iowa at Osage and at Rice- 
ville for six years. In September, 1908, he arrived in Waterloo and became 
interested in the Fred L. Kimball Company. Mr. Andrews has for several 
years been president of the company, which publishes Kimball's Dairy Farmer, 
the Creamery Journal, the Milk Trade Journal and the Egg Reporter. In this 
connection he has done splendid work. These papers are the connecting link 
between a half million readers and all manufacturing and trade interests along 
those lines. They are of great value to the dairy farmer and breeder, the 
creameryman, the milk dealer and to the dealer in poultry and eggs. Mr. 
Andrews is well qualified by previous experience in the field of publishing for 
his present work and in this connection has become widely known throughout 
the country. 

About twenty-five years ago Mr. Andrews was united in mariage to Miss 
Minnie Brumley and they have become parents of five children: Dale E., who 



Vol. 11—13 



240 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

took a three years' special course at Ames and is now doing special work along 
agricultural journal lines; Merrill, who died at the age of fourteen years; Maude, 
a student in the State Teachers College at Cedar Falls; Robert and Theodore, 
at home. 

Mr. Andrews is a republican in his political views. He belongs to the 
Commercial Club and Board of Trade and also has membership in the Town 
Criers Club. He is likewise a member of the First Baptist church. His has 
been an active, useful and well spent life and he now occupies a creditable 
position among the business men of Waterloo. His record proves what can be 
accomplished when energy and enterprise mark out the path, and as the years 
have gone on his labors have become of more and more worth to the world. 



HORATIO B. LIZER. 



Horatio B. Lizer, the owner and publisher of the Progress-Review, an 
up-to-date and interesting weekly newspaper published at La Porte City, was 
born in Buchanan county, Iowa, on the 19th of February, 1864, a son of John 
H. and Emma (Allen) Lizer, natives of Ohio and New York respectively. 
The father accompanied his parents to Buchanan county, Iowa, when but thir- 
teen years of age, in 1852. As soon as old enough he began farming for him- 
self and in time purchased the homestead in Jefiferson township. He operated 
that property until 1894 and then retired from active life, taking up his residence 
at La Porte, where he remained for four or five years, when he removed to 
Mnton, Benton county. He is seventy-three years of age and has survived his 
wife since July, 1896. 

Horatio B. Lizer was reared in Buchanan county, and his early education 
was gained in the common schools of his home neighborhood. He later attended 
the Iowa State Teachers College at Cedar Falls, from which he was graduated 
with the class of 1891. He had taught school previous to taking his normal 
course and after completing it he resumed that work. He taught at Winthrop, 
Quasqueton and Hubbard, being principal of the schools in the latter place. 
In the fall of 1892 he came to La Porte City and for nine years held the posi- 
tion of superintendent of the local schools. In 1901 he purchased the Progress- 
Review, a weekly newspaper, which he has since conducted. It has a circula- 
tion of twelve hundred copies and its advertising columns bring in a substan- 
tial addition to its revenue. Mr. Lizer also does a large job-printing business 
and is well equipped to fill orders promptly. The weekly press of the state 
exercises a wide influence and the Progress-Review of La Porte City is a 
potent factor in determining public opinion in the territory of which the city is 
the center. Mr. Lizer possesses the necessary qualifications of the successful 
proprietor of such a journal, as he has a keen sense of the relative value of news, 
writes clearly and forcefully, is alert and progressive and is also an efficient 
business man. 

On the 23d of June, 1898, Air. Lizer was united in marriage with Miss Mary 
Fenner, a daughter of Charles and Mary (Lizer) Fenner, natives of Ohio. 
Her father was a carpenter and contractor by trade and many years ago removed 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 241 

to Montezuma, Iowa, where he taught school for a time. He later turned his 
attention again to building and contracting and was well known in those lines 
of work. He passed away in that place in 1902 and his widow died a year 
later. Mrs. Lizer was a school teacher previous to her marriage and for some 
time was principal of the La Porte City schools. Altogether she taught school 
in that city for twelve years. 

Mr. Lizer is a stockholder and director in the First National Bank and is 
secretary of the local Building & Loan Association. In political matters he 
supports the men and measures of the republican party and is at present the 
chairman of the republican county central committee, being quite influential in 
local republican circles. For twelve years he has served upon the school board 
and is at present the president of that body and is known as an aggressive cham- 
pion of the public schools. He has also served upon the city council. Frater- 
nally he belongs to Trowel Lodge, No. 216, A. F. & A. M., and to the local lodge 
of the Knights of Pythias. His religious belief is indicated in his membership 
in the Presbyterian church and much of the respect that he commands is due 
to the fact that his life is guided by the underlying principles of Christianity. 
In the private relations of life he has proved always honorable and kindly and 
as teacher and as editor he has never forgotten the grave responsibilities of 
those who are called upon to train the children of the nation or to give to the 
people accounts of the current happenings and also in a large measure to mold 
public opinion. 



IRA T. liOOVER. 



Ira J. Hoover, strong and purposeful, possessing the spirit of initiative as 
manifest in his ready recognition and improvement of opportunities, is today 
one of the ablest financiers and most progressive business men of Waterloo. 
He was born in Black Hawk county, July 29, 1876, a son of Ephraim and Eliza- 
beth (Pinkerton) Hoover, both of whom were natives of Wayne county, Ohio, 
where they were reared and married. They came to Iowa in 1875, settling on 
what is now the home farm two and a half miles southwest of Waterloo. There 
the father still resides, but the mother passed away in December, 1901, at the 
age of forty-nine years. 

Ira J. Hoover was born upon that place and there remained to his sixteenth 
year, meeting the usual experiences that fall to the lot of the farm lad. Fie 
acquired his early education in the district schools and afterward attended the 
Waterloo Business College, the Upper Iowa University at Fayette and the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin. His intentions were to complete the course in the last 
named institution, but after returning home during a vacation period he was 
asked to accept a position with the Leavitt & Johnson Bank. This he did and 
remained a representative of that institution for nine years, during which time 
he gained broad experience in the knowledge of financial afifairs. He entered 
the bank as bookkeeper and was steadily advanced until he became assistant 
cashier. During his connection with that institution he became interested in 
real estate and gradually drifted into land speculation and also began buying 



242 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

and selling city property until he is today one of the foremost real-estate owners 
of Waterloo. He now owns the Syndicate building and is secretary and treas- 
urer of the Mercantile Warehouse Company, an investment company holding 
some three hundred thousand dollars worth of property in the business center 
of Waterloo. He is the secretary and treasurer of the Black Hawk Building 
Company, which owns the Black Hawk Bank building, and he was the dominant 
factor in the organization of the Home Improvement Company, which was the 
forerunner to the building of the Russell Lamson Hotel, one of the finest hostel- 
ries in the middle west. The purpose of the Home Improvement Company was 
to take over seventy-two lots owned by Mr. Lamson, the builder of the hotel, 
in order to increase the capital stock of the hotel company. Mr. Hoover volun- 
teered as one of the leaders to push the work along. For wrecks he worked in 
the streets and among the business men and his efforts were crowned with suc- 
cess. The capital stock of eighty-five thousand dollars, for which amount the 
Home Improvement Company was capitalized, was raised and the building of 
the hotel was assured. Mr. Hoover is also receiver for the Mason Motor Com- 
pany, manufacturers of motor trucks and automobiles, which is now undergoing 
a process of rehabilitation under his able management and control. 

Mr. Hoover holds membership in Helmet Lodge, No. 89, K. P., and in Water- 
loo Lodge, No. 290, B. P. O. E. He is likewise a member of the Waterloo Club 
and is serving on its board of directors. He is a man of marked determination 
and carries forward to successful completion whatever he undertakes. His 
plans are formulated in keeping with modern business ideas and his life is an 
exemplification of the spirit of the times. He is ever alert and active, seizing 
every legitimate advantage as it arises and instituting a business policy in con- 
nection with the management of important interests that results in the attain- 
ment of desirable and notable success. 



ARTHUR A. SHIPPY 



Arthur A. Shippy is a member of T. F. McDonnell & Company, which is 
one of the leading contracting firms of Waterloo and which has erected many 
handsome buildings. He was born in Franklin township, Bremer county, Iowa, 
on the 14th of September, 1863, a son of Charles S. and Rebecca (Piatt) Shippy, 
who were natives respectively of Canada and Illinois. In 1846 Charles S. 
Shippy removed to Bremer county, Iowa, where he purchased three hundred and 
twenty acres of government land, and for many years he devoted his time to 
agricultural pursuits. In 1894 he retired from active life, but continued to live 
upon his land until his death, which occurred seven years later, in June, 1901. 
His wife died on the 2d of April, 1900. They had nine children, namely : 
Elmer, a resident of Oran, Iowa, where he is engaged in merchandising ; Arthur 
A., of this review ; Elizabeth, the wife of Russell Sutton, who is living in Colo- 
rado ; Addie, who makes her home with her sister, Mrs. Sutton ; Algie, deceased ; 
Wilbur and Leroy, both of whom live in Colorado ; Leon, who is a resident of 
the state of Washington; and Ethelyn, the wife of Jesse Clark, a farmer of 
Oran, Iowa. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 243 

* 

Arthur A. Shippy passed his boyhood days in much the manner of other 
farmer lads of this locaHty, attending the district schools in the winter months 
and aiding with the cultivation of the fields and the care of the stock in the 
summers. In addition to the traming in agricultural work that he thus received 
he was taught the carpenter's trade by his father, who was something of a con- 
tractor as well as a farmer. When seventeen years of age our subject went to 
the Pacific coast and did carpenter work in various western states until 1884. 
when he returned to Iowa and settled in Waterloo. He later entered the 
employ of the Chicago & Great Western Railroad in the bridge construction 
department and remained with them until 1S87. when he became connected 
with a wholesale house in Waterloo and so continued for four years. At the 
end of that time he again began work at his trade and in 1901, feeling that con- 
tracting offered a more lucrative field than the carpenter's trade in itself, he 
decided to enter that line of business and became a member of the firm of Shippy 
& Burke of Waterloo. In 1912 the partnership was dissolved and during 1913 
Mr. Shippy was alone in the conduct of his business. In 1914, however, T. F. 
McDonnell, a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this work, became associ- 
ated with him as an equal partner in the formation of the firm of T. F. McDon- 
nell t& Company. They do general contracting and erect many of the buildings 
put up in the county, as their work is thorough and their prices reasonable and 
as they have the reputation of living strictly up to their contracts. Much of 
the success of the firm must be credited to the practical knowledge and the 
Ijusiness ability of Mr. Shippy. T. F. McDonnell & Company have erected an 
unusually large number of schoolhouses in Waterloo and the buildings have all 
given satisfaction. 

Mr. Shippy was married on the 2d of September, 1908, to Miss Anna Wil- 
kening, who is a native of Iowa and a daughter of John and Caroline Wilken- 
ing. Her parents, who are natives respectively of Germany and Pennsylvania, 
came to Iowa about the same time as did the parents of Air. Shippy. 

The last named is a republican but has been so engrossed in his business 
affairs that he has found no time to take an active part in politics. Fraternally 
he belongs to the Loyal Order of Moose. He is interested in outdoor sports, 
especially in baseball, and greatly enjoys seeing a well played game. In his 
business aggressiveness and in the personal relations of life he measures up to 
a high standard of manhood and can l)e counted upon to stand for all that 
is best in community affairs. 



BENJAMIN F. SWISHER. 

In no profession does advancement depend more entirely upon individual 
merit and ability than in the practice of law and, recognizing this fact at the 
outset of his career, Benjamin F. Swisher has gradually and persistently worked 
his way upward through the cultivation of those qualities and talents which lead 
to success in the work of the courts. He is now well versed in legal principles 
and his energy and determination have prompted his careful preparation of his 
cases so that he enters the court room well qualified to present his cause. 



244 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Air. Swisher was born in Johnson county, Iowa, in 1878, a son of Lovell 
Swisher, a banker of Iowa City. It was in the schools of that place that he 
pursued his preliminary education, passing through consecutive grades until 
graduated from the high school. He afterward entered the University of Iowa, 
in which he won the Bachelor of Philosophy degree with the class of 1899. 
He then continued in the same institution for the study of law and was gradu- 
ated LL. B. with the class of 1900, completing the collegiate and law courses in 
five years. He then entered the office of Mullan & Pickett and remained with 
that firm for three years before opening an office of his own in the fall of 1903. 
He was elected city solicitor in the spring of 1905 and served for three terms 
and on the ist of September, 1913, he entered into his present partnership with 
C. E. Pickett under the firm style of Pickett & Swisher. This is today regarded 
as one of the strong law^ firms of the county. Such are Mr. Swisher's force of 
character and natural qualifications that he has steadily overcome ail the obsta- 
cles that he has met and few lawyers ha\e made a more lasting impression upon 
the bar of Black Hawk county both for marked ability of a high order and for 
the individuality of a personal character which impresses itself upon the com- 
munity. In the line of his profession he has membership in the Black Hawk 
County Bar Association and the American Bar Association. 

In 1902 Mr. Swisher was united in marriage to Miss Helen Field Moulton, 
who was born in Mills county, Iowa, but for a few years prior to he* marriage 
was a resident of Exeter, New Hampshire. They have become the parents of 
three children. Martha Elizabeth, Benjamin Field and Helen Moulton. 

Air. and Mrs. Swisher are members of the Congregational church and are 
prominent in social circles of the city. In politics Mr. Swisher has always been 
a stalwart republican and takes an active interest in the w^ork of his party. He 
has done considerable campaigning in both the county and state and at one 
time he was a candidate for the office of district judge. Fraternally he is con- 
nected with the Knights of Pythias and with the Benevolent Protective Order of 
Elks. He is also a member of the Chamber of Commerce and is interested in 
all of its projects for the upbuilding and development of the city, while along 
more strictly social lines he is connected with the Waterloo Club and with the 
Waterloo Golf and Country Club. Well known, he has a circle of friends that 
is extensive, and the high regard entertained for him is an indication of a well 
spent life. 



M. B. NEFF. 



During the past decade M. B. Nefl:' has been a successful representative of 
real-estate and insurance interests in Waterloo, maintaining an office at No. 228 
West Fourth street, and has built up an extensive business along these lines. 
His birth occurred in Clark county, Missouri, in 1871, his parents being John 
and Amanda Nefl^. They had five children, two daughters and three sons, all 
of whom survive. 

AI. B. Neff acquired his early education in the public schools of his native 
state and subsecjucntly continued his studies in the State Normal School at Kirks- 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 245 

ville, Missouri. After finishing his school work he turned his attention to general 
agricultural pursuits and followed farming until 1901, in which year he disposed 
of his property and came to Waterloo, Iowa. Here he entered the service of 
the Cedar Valley Manufacturing Company, being employed in the sash and door 
department for three years. On the expiration of that period he opened a 
real-estate and insurance office in the Black Hawk Bank block and has carried 
on business along that line continuously and successfully since. He has made 
a specialty of building residences for subsequent sale and also handles farm 
lands in Iowa and adjoining states. He owns both business and residence prop- 
erty in West Waterloo and a tract of sixteen acres inside the city limits, while 
he is likewise a director of the Peoples Mutual Building & Loan Association of 
Waterloo, the first organization of its kind in the city. His business interests 
have been carefully directed and have brought him a gratifying and well deserved 
measure of prosperity. 

In 1901 Mr. Nefi was united in marriage to Miss Ida Catlett, who was born 
in California and was reared near Santa Barbara, that state, her father, Ezra 
Catlett, being^a ranchman there. She is one of a family of six children, four 
daughters and two sons, all of whom are yet Hving. Prior to her marriage 
she was a trained nurse. Mr. Nefif gives his political allegiance to the democracy 
but is not bitterly partisan, not seeking office and in afifairs of general moment 
taking the attitude of a liberal-minded and public-spirited citizen. He is iden- 
tified fraternally with the Knights of Pythias, and in religious faith his wife 
is a Congregationalist. He is known as a man of high character, of marked 
business ability and enterprise, whose sterling qualities have Avon for him the 
confidence of a large circle of friends and acquaintances in Waterloo and Black 
Hawk county. 



G. E. NEWTON. 



G. E. Newton is a member of the firm of Bruner & Newton, proprietors 
of a plumbing and heating establishment and conducting a general jobbing busi- 
ness in plumbers' supplies. He was born in Gatesville, Clayton county, Iowa, 
December 7, 1879, a son of Fred E. and Eliza J. (Hollar) Newton. The father's 
birth occurred in Oswego county. New York, on the 7th of August, 1857, '^^^^ 
the mother was born near Raymond, Iowa, on the 226. of July, 1858, her parents 
having been pioneer settlers of Black Hawk county. Fred E. Newton began 
farming in early life and has always carried on general agricultural pursuits 
save for the period which he spent in public office. He now resides six miles 
north of Waverly and is still actively engaged in the work of tilling the soil. At 
one time he served as deputy sherifif of Dubuque county and made an excellent 
record as a capable and trustworthy official. 

G. E. Newton is the eldest in a family of three children. He attended the 
public schools of Monticello, Iowa, and afterward the schools of Manchester 
but put aside his text-books when he reached the age of seventeen years and 
began learning the plumber's trade at St. Paul, Minnesota, where he remained 
for three years. Lie afterward spent two and a half years in Manchester as an 



246 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

employe at the plumbing business and on the expiration of that period came to 
Waterloo, where he entered the employ of Zook & Bentz, continuing with that 
firm for five years. He then embarked in business on his own account, form- 
ing a partnership with J. B. Bruner under the firm style of Bruner & Newton. 
They opened a general plumbing and heating establishment and not only handle 
supplies of that character but also do all kinds of repair work and conduct a 
general jobbing business in plumbing supplies. Mr. Newton has concentrated 
his efforts upon the upbuilding of the trade with good results, for the firm now 
has a liberal patronage and from the business derives a gratifying annual income. 

On the loth of July, 1898, Mr. Newton was united in marriage to Miss 
Alice E. McKray, a native of Greeley, Delaware county, Iowa, and a daughter 
of William and Flora (Chase) McKray. Her father was a butcher by trade 
and is now deceased. He never came to this county. Her mother still survives 
and is a resident of St. Paul, Minnesota. Mrs. Newton died on the 8th of 
December, 1914, leaving four children, namely: Ruby Helen, Ralph Eugene, 
Alice Mae and Wanda Juanita. 

Mr. Newton is a Mason, holding membership in the blue lodge, the chapter, 
commandery and the Mystic Shrine. He belongs to the Knights of Pythias 
fraternity, to the Travelers Protective Association and to the Commercial Club 
and Board of Trade. He exercises his right of franchise in support of the 
men and measures of the republican party but has never been a politician in 
the sense of office seeking. He has always felt that in order to advance in 
business he must concentrate his energies upon his duties, whether in the 
employ of others or in the conduct of his own business, and it has been by 
reason of his unremitting energy and persistency of purpose that he has gained 
the comfortable competence that he now enjoys. 



EDWARD J. WENNER. 

Iowa has always been distinguished for the high rank of her bench and bar 
and almost every town as well as city claims those who are able to cross swords 
in forensic combat with the ablest lawyers of the country. Electing to engage in 
law practice as a life work, Edward J. Wenner has continuously advanced 
in this difficult and arduous profession and today is accorded a large and dis- 
tinctively representative clientage in recognition of the ability which he has 
developed and which places him among the able representatives of the bar in 
Black Hawk county. He has followed his profession in Waterloo since October, 
1904, arriving here when a young man of twenty- four years, his birth having 
occurred in Benton county, Iowa, July 3, 1880. He is a son of Christian and 
Margaret (Cokely) Wenner, who in the '50s settled in Benton county, Iowa, 
where the father engaged in agricultural pursuits. He has now passed away 
but his widow still resides in that county. 

Edward J. Wenner was educated in the public schools and in the Tilford 
Collegiate Academy at Vinton, from which he was graduated with the class 
of 1900. On the completion of his more specifically literary course he entered 
the College of Law of the State University of Iowa and secured his LL. B. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 247 

degree upon graduation with the class of 1903. He afterward gained the Master's 
degree upon graduation from Yale University in 1904, having pursued a year's 
post-graduate work in that institution. He was admitted to the Iowa bar in 
1903, and in October, 1904, located for practice in Waterloo, where he entered 
into partnership with E. H. McCoy under the firm name of Wenner & McCoy. 
This connection was continued until 1909, since which time Mr. Wenner has 
been alone in practice. He has acted for the plaintiff or defendant in many 
important cases tried in both the state and federal courts and he has displayed 
comprehensive knowledge of the principles of jurisprudence, together with an 
assiduous and unrelaxing attention to all the details of his cases and a most 
careful regard for the interests of his clients. His standing among his fellow 
members of the bar is indicated in the fact that he has been honored with the 
position of secretary of the Black Hawk County Bar Association. He is also 
a member of the Iowa State Bar Association. In 1914 he was elected county 
attorney of Black Hawk county on the republican ticket and is now the able 
incumbent. While the practice of law has been his chief life work, he has 
also become interested in other business enterprises and projects. 

Mr. Wenner is recognized as a leading representative of the republican party 
in Black Hawk county, has frequently been a delegate to the state conventions 
and does all in his power to further republican successes because of his firm 
belief in the efficacy and value of party principles as a factor in good govern- 
ment. He has membership with the Knights of Pythias, has served as chan- 
cellor commander of Helmet Lodge, No. 89, and for the past five years has been 
a representative in the Grand Lodge of Iowa. He also has membership with 
the Loyal Order of Moose, and was the first dictator of Waterloo Lodge, No. 
328. He is a member of the Supreme Lodge, attended the national meetings 
at Baltimore, Cincinnati and Milwaukee and is district deputy supreme dictator 
for the district of Iowa. He likewise has membership with the Benevolent 
Protective Order of Elks and has been a delegate to the state convention of that 
organization on two or three occasions. He has membership in the Fraternal 
Aid Union at Denver and has served for six years as a member of the law 
committee of the Supreme Lodge. He has membership in the Commercial 
Club and Board of Trade and the Town Criers Club. 

On the 17th of August, 1910, Mr. Wenner was united in marriage to Miss 
Elizabeth Parrott, a daughter of W. F. Parrott, who was associated with The 
Reporter of Waterloo, and a granddaughter of ex-Lieutenant Governor Matt 
Parrott. Mr. and Mrs. Wenner have one son, Frank William. The family attend 
Christ Episcopal church, and in social circles they occupy an enviable position, 
while their own home is the abode of warm-hearted hospitality. 



CLAUDE E. DOAK. 



Claude E. Doak, one of the representative business men and influential 
citizens of Cedar Falls, is the president of Doak's Transfer & Storage Company, 
which he organized in 1909, under the name of the Cedar Falls Transfer & 
Storage Company, for the purpose of storing and distributing machinery through 



248 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

northern Iowa. His birth occurred in Lees, IlHnois, on the ist of June, 1880, 
his parents being Samuel S. and Clara (Waters) Doak. The father was iden- 
tified with railroad interests for a period covering thirty-six years, acting as 
traveling passenger agent for the Northern Pacific Railway Company for a 
number of years. He was a very popular official and enjoyed an extensive 
acquaintance. His demise occurred at St. Paul, ^Minnesota, in April, 1907, 
when he had attained the age of fifty-four years. 

Claude E. Doak was reared at the family home in Webster City, Hamilton 
county, Iowa, where his father was located for a number of years and long 
served as a member of the school board, being also prominent in Masonic cir- 
cles. Our subject acquired his education in the Webster City schools and at 
the Capital City Commercial College of Des Moines, Iowa. Subsequently he 
identified himself with railroad work as cashier of the freight house of the 
Chicago & Northwestern Railway Company at Webster City. About three 
A^ears later he accepted the position of paymaster for the Faust Construction 
Company on construction work in the building of the Great Northern Railroad 
through North and South Dakota. He next went to Tacoma, Washington, 
where his father was then located, and took a position in the dispatcher's office 
of the Northern Pacific Railway Company. Not finding the coast country to 
his liking, however, he returned to Cedar Falls, Iowa, at the end of about 
eight months and went to work for the Harrison, Cole Brothers, Incorporated, 
manufacturers of stair work and interior finish and extensive lumber dealers. 
Mr. Doak was made traffic manager of the company and continued with it for 
about five years. On the expiration of that period, however, he resigned his 
position and w^ent to Waterloo, where he organized a freight traffic bureau for 
the purpose of auditing freight overcharges for heavy shippers, etc. At the 
end of about a year he returned to Cedar Falls and made up a routing and 
freight book for the manufacturers of the city which showed the proper rates 
and routing for fourteen states. This was conceded to be the best rate book 
of so comprehensive a character ever compiled up to that time and is still used 
by many of the shippers of this section. In 1909 he organized the Cedar Falls 
Transfer & Storage Company for the purpose of storing and distributing machin- 
ery through northern Iowa and was made president and manager of the con- 
cern, having served in the dual capacity to the present time. In the intervening 
years, however, he absorbed the stock of the company and diverted it into 
Doak's Transfer & Storage Company, under which name the enterprise is now 
conducted. Mr. Doak also deals in coal and enjoys an enviable reputation as 
one of the leading, progressive and representative business men of Cedar Falls. 

In 1905 Air. Doak was united in marriage to Miss Dorothy B. Coryell, of 
Cedar Falls, by whom he has two children, Dorothy C. and James Russell. He 
gives his political allegiance to the republican party and is a member of the 
present city council of Cedar Falls, serving a four-year term. He acts as chair- 
man of the street and alley committee and it is worthy of note that Cedar Falls 
has gained its reputation as one of the best paved cities in the state by reason 
of the work which has been done in the past four years. In the summer of 
1914, deeming it necessary to devote his entire attention to his business interests, 
he resigned from the council, but his resignation was not accepted. He is 
identified fraternally with the Modern Woodmen of America and the Knights 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 249 

of Pythias, belonging to Red Cedar Lodge, No. 83, of the latter organization. 
Air. Doak is also a valued member of the Commercial Club and acts as vestry- 
man in the Episcopal church, with which his wife is likewise affiliated. They 
are highly esteemed in the city of their residence and the circle of their friends 
is an extensive one. 



J. P. JEPSEN. 



J. P. Jepsen, secretary and general manager of the Townsend & Merrill 
Company and identified with various other business enterprises, belongs to that 
class of men. whose energy and determination in business affairs constitute an 
element in the city's progress as well as in individual success. He is therefore 
well known as one of the leading residents of Cedar Falls and enjoys in large 
measure the respect and regard of his fellow townsmen who accord him high 
rank as a business man, as a citizen and as a friend. 

He was born in Schleswig, Germany, in 1865, and acquired his education in 
the schools of that country. Lie came to America in 1885 when a young man 
of twenty years, arriving in Cedar Falls on the ist of August. He worked as 
a farm hand by the month for two years and then turned his attention to car- 
pentering, being employed by others for a few years, after which he began 
taking contracts in the building line in and around Cedar Falls. He followed 
that business with growing success until 1895, when he accepted the position 
of foreman with the Townsend & Merrill Company, lumber merchants. In 
1900 the business was reorganized and incorporated as a stock company and 
has since been known as the Townsend & Merrill Company. Mr. Jepsen con- 
tinued as foreman until 1904, at which time he became the successor of Mr. 
Merrill, who had passed away. He has since been secretary and general man- 
ager of the business and is also one of the stockholders and directors. This 
company occupies a prominent position in lumber trade circles of Iowa, owning 
and operating eight yards. The main office is at Cedar Falls, in addition to 
which they have seven other yards, Mr. Jepsen having supervision over the entire 
business. The different plants are located at Hampton, Faulkner, Ackley, New 
Hartford, Dike, Hubbard and Industry, Iowa, while their yard at Cedar Falls 
is the most extensive in Black Hawk county and their sales cover a wide ter- 
ritory. They carry everything in connection with the building business and their 
patronage is growing year by year. They have ever recognized the fact that 
satisfied patrons are the best advertisement and have always closely adhered 
to the old axiom that honesty is the best policy. 

As Mr. Jepsen has achieved success, enabling him to command a greater 
or less amount of capital, he has extended his investments and efforts into 
other fields and is now a stockholder in the Citizens Bank of Cedar Falls, in 
the Viking Pump Company of Cedar Falls and the Danish Insurance Company 
of Cedar Falls, of which he is the vice president and one of the directors. He 
is also a stockholder in several other home manufacturing interests. Whatever 
he undertakes he carries forward to successful completion and he seems to 
recognize the possibilities of any business situation. His judgment is sound. 



250 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

his energy unfaltering and as years have gone on he has made for himself a 
most creditable position in commercial circles. 

In 1892 Mr. Jepsen was united in marriage to Miss Mary C. Hostrop, who 
was born in Iowa City, a daughter of Detlef and Anna Hostrop, both of whom 
were natives of Schleswig, Germany, and at an early day settled in Iowa near 
Iowa City. ^Ir. and 'Sirs. Jepsen have become the parents of three daughters: 
Anna Marie, who is attending the Iowa Teachers College; Jennie D., a gradu- 
ate of the high school of Cedar Falls and now a student in the Iowa Teachers 
College; and Mildred E., who is attending high school. The family occupy one 
of the fine residences of Cedar Falls, the property being owned by Mr. Jepsen. 

In politics he is a republican, but not an office seeker. He and his family 
are of the Lutheran faith and they occupy an enviable position in social circles, 
the hospitality of the best homes of the city being cordially extended them. 
The record of Mr. Jepsen should serve to inspire and encourage others, show- 
ing what may be accomplished when sound judgment points out the way and 
persistency of purpose prompts continuance therein. Since coming to the new 
world at the age of twenty years, practically empty-handed, he has advanced 
step by step and has essentially formulated and given shape to his own char- 
acter as well as to his success. 



ANDREW G. RETD. 



Andrew G. Reid is numbered among the able lawyers practicing at the bar 
of Black Hawk county and through merit and ability has gained a good clientage. 
He was born in Warren county, Illinois, a son of Jesse W. Reid, who was 
a native of Pennsylvania and came to this state in his boyhood days. He 
was married in Iowa to Miss Emma Stillings and passed away in 1889. During 
the period of his residence in Iowa he was largely engaged in farming in Madi- 
son county and lived a busy and useful life. 

Andrew G. Reid is indebted to the public-school system of this state for the 
early educational opportunities which he enjoyed. He was afterward gradu- 
ated from Simpson College in the class of 1901 with the Bachelor of Arts degree. 
He then entered the law department of the University of Michigan at Ann 
Arbor and was graduated with the LL. B. degree in the class of 1906. Taking 
up the profession of teaching, he was assistant professor of mathematics in 
Monmouth College of Monmouth, Illinois, where he was also athletic director 
for three years. In 1910 he came to Waterloo, where he has since been engaged 
in practice in all of the courts of the state and in the federal courts. He has 
continued in the general practice of law and is well versed in the various 
branches of his profession. His arguments have elicited warm commendation 
not only from his associates at the bar but also from the bench. His briefs 
always show wide research, careful thought and the best and strongest reasons 
Vv'hich can be urged for his contention, presented in cogent and logical form. 

Mr. Reid is a member of the county bar association. He is also a member 
of the Knights of Pythias and the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, while 
his religious faith is manifest in his membership in the United Presbyterian 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 251 

church. He is a young man but one who has made a creditable record in his 
professional career. Steadily he has worked his way upward, recognizing that 
in the practice of law ability is the keynote of advancement. 



E. O. ROBERTS. 



E. O. Roberts is the owner of a well improved farm, his place being situated 
on section i6, where he has one hundred and sixty acres of rich and productive 
land. He was born December 6, 1869, in the township which is still his home, 
his parents being John W. and Ann M. (Sroufe) Roberts, the former a native 
of Indiana and the latter of Ohio. The father was a farmer by occupation, 
devoting his life to that pursuit. He came to Black Hawk county with his 
parents when but six years of age, arriving in 1850, and here he was reared and 
educated. He received practical training in the work of the fields and when old 
enough he began farming on his own account. At length he purchased land in 
Spring Creek township, developing the tract and continuing its cultivation for 
many years, transforming the place into one of the valuable farm properties of 
the district. At length he retired and removed to La Porte City, where he con- 
tinued to make his home until he was called to his final rest, his death occurring 
June 2, 191 1. His widow survives and yet lives in La Porte City. 

E. O. Roberts was reared and educated in this county and is indebted to its 
public-school system for the opportunities for mental discipline which he enjoyed. 
Through the periods of vacation he worked in the fields and thus had practical 
training in the various phases of farming. He remained with his parents until 
he reached the age of twenty-six years, after which he rented land which he 
cultivated for six years. He then bought fifty acres in Spring Creek township 
which he continued to farm for six years. At the end of that time he sold out 
and invested in one hundred and sixty acres on section 16, since which time he 
has added many improvements to the place and now has one of the valuable 
farms in the county. The buildings are substantial and the place is enclosed 
with well kept fences which also divide the farm into fields of convenient size. 
The machinery is modern and the work accomplished is substantial. Mr. Rob- 
erts is also a stockholder in the Farmers Produce Elevator Company and in 
the Farmers Telephone Company. He raises high grade stock, making a specialty 
of Duroc-Jersey hogs and from the sale of these he derives a gratifying annual 
income. 

On the nth of December, 1895, Mr. Roberts was united in marriage to 
Miss Alary Fry, a daughter of George and Harriet (McDonald) Fry, pioneer 
settlers of this county. The father was born in Wisconsin July 30, 1849, ^"<^ 
the mother in Illinois August 14, 1845. Mr. Fry was a stonemason, which trade 
he followed during the greater part of his active life. He is now living with 
a son in Wisconsin, while his wife passed away in 1886. Mr. and Mrs. Roberts 
are the parents of three children, George, Gorman and Gladon, aged fifteen, 
ten and two years respectively. Mr. Roberts holds membership with the Ameri- 
can Yeomen and he exercises his right of franchise in support of the men and 
measures of the democratic party. Religiously he is a Methodist and to the 



352 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

faith and teachings of the church he closely adheres. His well spent life has 
won him high regard and his circle of friends in this county is almost coextensive 
with the circle of his acquaintance. 



C. L. KINGSLEY. 



C. L. Kingsley is a representative of that class of capable, broad-minded 
business men whose efforts are an element in advancing general prosperity as 
well as promoting individual success. In all of his business career his plans 
have been carefully formulated and he has displayed tireless energy, keen per- 
ception and honesty of purpose as well as a genius for devising the right thing 
at the right time. He is today prominently and widely known as the owner of 
the Indng Hotel, as vice president of the Leavitt & Johnson National Bank and 
as a factor in the successful control and management of numerous other important 
business concerns. 

A native of Toledo, Ohio, Mr. Kingsley is a son of Robert M. and Julia 
(Fletcher) Kingsley and was about twelve years of age when brought by his 
parents to Waterloo, where he has since made his home. He continued his 
education through successive grades in the public schools until he became a 
high-school pupil and later he was graduated from Bryant & Stratton Business 
College of Chicago and also from the Chicago Athenaeum, being thus well quali- 
fied by thorough training for the duties and responsibilities of business life. 
Upon his return to ^^'aterloo he became connected with insurance interests as 
a representative of life insurance and later took up fire insurance. His advance- 
ment was a foregone conclusion because of his laudable ambition, his unabating 
industry and his firm purpose. In 1886 he became general state agent and 
adjuster for all of the country west of Chicago to Salt Lake and from Duluth, 
Minnesota, to El Paso, Texas. He remained with that company for fourteen 
years, discharging with marked capability the onerous, difficult and ofttimes 
delicate duties that devolved upon him in that connection. On the ist of July, 
1900, he took charge of the Irving liotel. which his father had conducted since 
1889. Under the management of C L. Kingsley it has been enlarged until there 
are now one hundred and twenty-five guest rooms with store and business rooms- 
below. The building, one hundred and sixty by ninety feet, is three stories in 
height and the hotel is conducted according to modern methods in vogue in all 
the leading hostelries of the day. ^Ir. Kingsley has installed every comfort 
and convenience for the guests and the hotel is liberally patronized. lie is also 
a member of the board of directors of the Farmers Loan & Trust Company and 
is president of the Home Park Land & Investment Company. He is richly 
endowed with that quality which too many lack — every day common sense— 
and added to this is a resistless power which enables him to overcome all obsta- 
cles and difficulties in his path. He has platted and laid out Kingbard Hill 
addition to Waterloo, adding much thereby to the beauty of the city, and he 
has been prominently identified with the development and growth of Waterloo 
for an extended period. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 253 

On the 6th of October, 1886, Mr. Kingsley was united in marriage to Miss 
•Mary Plubbard, of Waterloo, and the hospitality of their home is enjoyed by 
a circle of friends that is only limited by the circle of their acquaintance. 

While Mr. Kingsley's business activity alone would entitle him to mention 
as a prominent resident of Waterloo, his efforts along the line of citizenship 
have been of notable value. He has been a cooperant factor in many of the 
plans and projects of the Chamber of Commerce for the upbuilding of the 
city. He belongs also to the Waterloo Club and the Town Criers Club, and 
in fraternal circles is well known. In Masonry he has attained the degrees of 
the Knights Templar Commandery and of the Mystic Shrine. He belongs to the 
Knights of Pythias and is a member of the board of grand trustees of the Benevo- 
lent Protective Order of Elks and is secretary of that board, having been 
elected for a five years' term at the Denver meeting in July, 191 3. In 
politics he is a republican and has taken an active interest in the affairs of state 
and nation. He is a junior warden of St. Mark's Episcopal church, having been 
thus officially connected with the church for a long period. It will thus be seen 
that there is no important element in the life of the city with which he is not 
associated in a helpful manner. Business enterprise, civic welfare and moral 
progress have all been promoted by him. He certainly deserves much credit for 
what he has accomplished along business hues, for through his persistent, earnest 
and indefatigable efforts he has advanced to a leading position among the citi- 
zens of Waterloo. 



WILLIAM H. BEDEORD. 

William H. Bedford is a leading factor in real-estate circles of Cedar Falls, 
handling his own property. He now has a good clientage and his business has 
reached extensive proportions. He was born in Lincoln township, this county, 
while his parents, Daniel and Martha (Whitely) Bedford, were natives of 
Pennsylvania. The father made farming his life work and in the year 1869 
arrived in Iowa, at which time he took up his abode in Lincoln township. Black 
Hawk county. Fie became a landowner and with the exception of a brief period 
of a few months spent his remaining days in this county. He became interested 
in a creamery business, was engaged in stock-raising and in other business affairs, 
all of which contributed to his growing success. He died in May, 1898, while 
his wife, who still survives, is a resident of Waterloo. 

William H. Bedford was the fifth in order of birth in a family of seven 
children. The family record is as follows: Clara is the wife of Dr. Vandervere, 
of Cedar Falls. Josephine is the wife of T. F. Glenny, of Waterloo. Carleton 
W. is a resident of Fludson, where he is cashier of the First National Bank. 
Lyman D. is cashier of the First State Bank of Corona, California. William H. 
is the next of the family. Elizabeth is the wife of Lloyd Loonan, a farmer resid- 
ing at Hudson, Iowa. Helen is deceased. 

William H. Bedford attended school in Hudson, Iowa, and also the State 
Teachers College at Cedar Falls. Upon attaining his rnajority he accepted a 
position in a bank at Adrian, Minnesota, where he acted first as bookkeeper and 



254 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

afterward as assistant cashier for four years. On the expiration of that period 
he went to Cedar Falls and was associated with the Cedar Falls National Bank 
for six and one-half years in the capacity of assistant cashier. Since that time 
he has engaged in the real-estate business, buying and selling farms and resi- 
dence properties which he has improved and placed upon the market. From 
his activities in this field he has derived a very substantial income and he has 
as a partner in the undertaking George C Frisbee, with whom he is associated 
in handling farm lands. Mr. Bedford is also a stockholder in the Weart-Frisbee 
Lumber Company. 

On the 22d of August, 1908, Mr. Bedford was united in marriage to Miss 
Besse Simpson, who was born near Janesville, Bremer county, Iowa, a daugh- 
ter of John and Margaret Simpson, who were also natives of Bremer county. 
The father was a farmer by occupation and devoted many years to that pursuit 
but is now living retired in Cedar Falls, where he and his wife occupy a pleas- 
ant home. 

Mr. Bedford is a republican in his political views but has never sought nor 
desired public office. His moral progress has had its root in his membership 
in the Presbyterian church and he has also exemplified in his life the teachings 
and spirit of the Masonic fraternity, which is based upon the brotherhood of 
man. He likewise has membership in the Elks lodge of Waterloo and he is 
prominent and popular in these different organizations, enjoying the warm 
regard, confidence and goodwill of his brethren of these fraternities. 



D. SANDS WRIGHT, A. M. 

V 

One of the most potent factors in the success of the Iowa State Teachers 
College, originally the Iowa State Normal School, has been the professional work 
and personal influence of Professor D. Sands Wright. He was born on a farm 
near New London, Highland county, Ohio, on the 7th of December, 1847. His 
father, Joseph Wright, was a prominent and eloquent rtiinister in the Society of 
Friends and his mother, Lydia (Cowgill) Wright, was a lifelong member of the 
same communion. True to his home training, Professor Wright has been through- 
out life a member and since 1886 a minister in the Quaker church. He enjoyed 
in youth the usual educational advantages of a farmer's son, spending the winter 
months in the country school and the remainder of the year at hard labor on 
the farm. 

As he approached young manhood he was possessed of an ardent desire to 
acquire a thorough literary education and partly by teaching and partly upon 
borrowed money he was enabled in 1871 to complete a classical course of instruc- 
tion, receiving upon graduation the degree of A. B., and three years later the 
honorary degree of A. M., and in 1887 he was given the honorary degree of 
A. M. by Penn College. He received private undergraduate instruction from 
Dr! Lewis McKibben at Hillsboro, Ohio, and he also took post-graduate work 
under Dr. Phillips in civil engineering at Armour Institute, Chicago. 

Professor Wright began his career as a teacher in the country schools of 
Highland and Clinton counties, Ohio. In 1872 he was elected to the position 




D. SANDS WEIGHT 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 257 

of associate president of Whittier College, located at Salem, Henry county, 
Iowa, and in 1874 his associate. Professor C. C. Pickett, having resigned, he 
was chosen president of the institution by its board of directors. Two years 
later the Iowa State Normal School was established by the legislature of the 
state and he was called by the board of trustees of the new institution to the 
chair of English language and literature. He has therefore been connected with 
the school at Cedar Falls since its origin in 1876. He was transferred in 1881 
from the chair of English to that of mathematics, which position he has filled 
for over a third of a century. Since 1875 he has been a prominent and 
active member of the Iowa State Teachers Association, has served for many 
years as a member of its educational council and as a member of its 
important committees has been a power in the shaping and directing of its 
policies. In 1904 he served as president of the association. In educational 
circles in Iowa he is widely known in many capacities. He has appeared in all 
parts of the state as a conductor of teachers' institutes and as an institute lecturer. 
He is always at home with a class of teachers and his didactic talks and lectures 
are familiar, practical and entertaining. He treats his hearers to no fine-spun 
and untried theories but to conclusions and inferences largely drawn from his 
own experience in the difl'erent grades of public-school work, while there is a 
(|uiet vein of humor in his addresses, which take a decidedly sarcastic turn when 
he is exposing the shams and follies of educational quacks and pretenders. 

He is also well known on the popular lecture platform. He visited Europe 
in the '80s and on his return delighted many audiences by his lecture on What 
1 Saw in Europe. Among his other lecture titles are The Coming Woman, Ideals, 
Personality, Lincoln, the Man of Fortune, Complete Education and the Rights 
of the Child. He has also given a great number of high school commencement 
addresses and high school baccalaureate sermons. 

Professor Wright has written much for educational magazines, his articles 
published in the Iowa Normal Monthly alone numbering one hundred and forty- 
four. His first contributions to that journal were a series of twelve ironical 
educational articles, entitled The Scroggs Family, and were written under the 
nom de plume of Thephilus Von Puft". Many of his articles for the Monthly 
appeared in series, under such general titles as Lessons not Taught in the Books, 
Words, Reading, Arithmetic and Pedagog's Progress. Of the single articles 
may be mentioned as notable: Frank Davis; A. Jackson Smythe; Jug Town 
Academy; and As Our Pupils See Us. These Normal Monthly articles have 
been extensively quoted and reproduced in other educational journals and some 
have been collected and published in book form. He is also the author of hand- 
books for teachers, which have had an extensive sale. The best known of these 
is his Exercises in Concrete Geometry, which is published by the well known 
house of D. C. Heath & Company, Boston, and was prepared for them at their 
request. The work is made up chiefly from the author's classroom notes and 
embodies the results of a lifetime's experience in teaching geometry in a state 
teachers' college. As a text-book it is unique in that it is based on the doctrine 
that theory should immediately precede practice; that when a principle is once 
learned by a pupil exercises should be at hand for its application. Its purpose 
is to obviate the criticism often justly made against geometrical study, that the 
student in the subject may be able to state all the whys and wherefores of a 



Vol. 11—14 



258 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

demonstration in the best logical form and yet be utterly helpless to apply the 
principle so acquired to the solution of simple arithmetical problems. 

On the 24th of July, 1880, Professor Wright was married to Miss Eliza 
Rawstern, on the day of her graduation from the Iowa State Normal School. 
To the union four children were born, a son and three daughters. The son, 
Joseph, distinguished himself as a student and on the athletic field, winning in 
the last year of his course in the Teachers College a place on the all-Iowa foot- 
ball eleven. Later he pursued a course of training in the Young Men's Christian 
Association Training School at Springfield, Massachusetts, and upon graduating 
from this institution was placed in charge of the athletic department of the 
Francis Parker Training School, Chicago, which position he has continued to 
fill for many years. Of the daughters, Luella is teaching Latin in the high school 
of North Yakima, Washington. May Wright Ratclifife is the wife of William 
Ratcliffe, a prominent lawyer of Red Oak, Iowa. Ruth, the youngest, is pro- 
fessor of voice and physical training in Yankton College, Yankton, South Dakota. 
The children are all alumni of the Iowa State Teachers College and the two 
elder daughters are also graduates of the State University of Iowa. 

At the 191 2 commencement of the Teachers College, Professor Wright was 
recognized by a banquet given in his honor by the alumni. Two of the leading 
speakers on this occasion were Hon. E. D. Chassell, of Le Mars, and Hon. Rollo 
Patterson, of New York city. The quotation below is from the address of 
Mr. Chassell : 

"Graduates go forth at each commencement, all owing a debt they can never 
repay to Professor D. Sands Wright; a debt which makes them better and 
kindlier and stronger men and women. It is the misfortune of many men to 
appear upon the world's stage at the wrong time, but here is a man who was 
staged at the right time. His achievements and his talents have done their good 
work at a fortunate epoch. It has not been his to paint a picture. It has not 
been his to build a railroad. It has not been his to discover a planet. We honor 
him for greater things. In this the world's greatest period of achievement he 
has been the inspiration animating unknown hundreds in every field of human 
activity. His work has increased forty times forty fold. He has been a builder 
of character. Lie has been a builder of men and women. No captain of industry 
and no general of military armies is so great a master and none other merits so 
great a reward. Neither war, famine nor pestilence can destroy his treasures, 
and commercial disasters cannot impair his securities." 



W. H. HANNA. 



W. H. Hanna, president of the Western Farmers Land Company, with 
offices in the Marsh-Place building in Waterloo, is a prominent figure in real- 
estate circles, his intelligently directed activity and enterprise placing him among 
the leaders in this line. His life record had its beginning in Benton county on 
the loth of May, 1859, ^^^ parents being A. H. and Rose Anna Hanna, who came 
to Iowa in 1857 from Stark county, Ohio, which was their birthplace. They 
took up their abode in Benton county and the father there owned and operated 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 259 

a farm. He purchased his first land from the government and as time passed 
added to his original holdings until he became the owner of a valuable farm. 
For many years he carefully and systematically tilled his fields and when he had 
acquired a handsome competence he retired and took up his abode in Benton, 
where he lived for twenty-two years prior to his death. In politics he was an 
active republican, giving earnest and intelligent support to the party and its 
principles, believing that its platform contained the best elements of good gov- 
ernment. In his family were five children : Belle ; John, who owns, occupies 
and cultivates the old homestead farm formerly the property of his father; 
W. H., of this review; James; and Howard. 

The youthful experiences of W. H. Hanna were those which usually fall 
to the lot of the farm lad. He was reared in Benton county and acquired his 
education in the common schools. From an early age he displayed notable 
business ability and keen discernment and when he was but twenty-six years of 
age he had charge of a farm of seven hundred acres, which he operated in con- 
nection with the conduct of an extensive live-stock business. He handled stock 
in such numbers that he fed all of the grain wdiich he raised and also purchased 
fifteen thousand bushels annually to add to that which he had raised. 

Mr. Hanna continued his active connection with farming interests until 
191 1. On the 1st of January of that year the Western Farmers Land Company 
was organized and capitalized for five million five hundred thousand dollars, 
with W. H. Hanna as president; J. Y. Campbell, vice president; C. F. Robe, 
secretary ; and R. W. Gibson, treasurer. In the company are more than five 
hundred stockholders, living in various sections of the United States and Canada, 
and they are principally farmers. The business has been placed upon a profitable 
basis. They conduct a general land business, buying and selling and trafficking 
in lands in this country and across the border in Canada. This is known as 
the strongest, the largest and the most reliable real-estate firm in Iowa. The 
policy instituted is largely the result of the enterprise, insight and splendid busi- 
ness methods of Mr. Hanna, who recognized the opportunities along this line 
and has so directed his efforts that he has not only derived personal benefit but 
has also made the company a profitable concern. His worth is widely acknowl- 
edged and his power conceded by all with whom he has been brought in contact. 
He is both forceful and resourceful and aside from his connection with the 
Western Farmers Land Company he has many business interests, being a director 
of the Peoples Savings Bank of Vinton ; of the Farmers Savings Bank of Gar- 
rison ; a director of the Greeley State Bank at Golsey, Nebraska ; a director in 
the Benton County Agricultural Society; a stockholder in the Garrison Grain 
& Lumber Company of Garrison, Iowa; president of the Farmers Mercantile 
Store of Garrison, Iowa; and an equal owner with E. D. Bergen in the Oakridge 
Stock Farm, which comprises seven hundred acres. 

Mr. Hanna is a man of marked determination and carries forward to suc- 
cessful completion whatever he undertakes. His judgment is sound, his dis- 
crimination keen and his energy is unfaltering. He seems to readily recognize 
the full possibilities of any business situation and he is able to coordinate appar- 
ently diverse elements into a unified and harmonious whole. 

In 1883 Mr. Hanna was united in marriage to Miss Rachel Bergen, a native 
of Benton county, Iowa, and a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Bergen, who 



260 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

were pioneers of that county. They came from Indiana and the father followed 
farming in this state until his retirement from active business life. They had 
a family of five children, Joseph, ]Mrs. Hanna, Martha, Dunning and Guy. To 
our subject and wife have been born three children: Harry, deceased; Roberta; 
and Belle. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hanna are members of the Presbyterian church. Mr. Hanna's 
grandfather was a preacher of the Presbyterian church and three of his nine 
sons became preachers, while all nine have served as elders in the church. Mr. 
Hanna is likewise connected with the church in the same capacity and has done 
effective and earnest work to further its interests and welfare. His political 
allegiance is given to the republican party, which elected him to represent the 
district in the thirty-second general assembly. He studies political questions 
with the same thoroughness and accuracy which he displayed in mastering busi- 
ness problems and at all times manifests a public-spirited devotion to the gen- 
eral good. His business career is a notably successful one and at every point 
thoroughly commendable. He has at all times been actuated by a spirit of 
advancement, yet he has never been known to take advantage of the necessities 
of his fellowmen in any business transaction. He has ever realized that honesty 
is the best policy and he has employed constructive methods in the conduct of 
his interests. 



MARK T. HU.MPHREY. 

Mark T. Humphrey is conducting a growing and profitable business as a 
dealer in electrical supplies, motors, lamps and fixtures and he also takes con- 
tracts for installing electric light systems in farm houses and in small towns. 
An analyzation of his life record shows that industry, close application, persever- 
ance and a commendable ambition have been the chief elements in his growing 
success. He is one of Black Hawk county's native sons, his birth having occurred 
in Eagle Center, Eagle township, December 22, 1886. His parents were Thomas 
J. and Olive (Roberts) Humphrey. 

The father was born in the state of Xew York and devoted his life to farm- 
ing. He came to Iowa in the spring of 1864, settling near Eagle Center, where 
he purchased land, paying three dollars per acre for his first eighty acre tract. 
He added to this from time to time as his financial resources increased and 
brought his place to a high state of cultivation. His methods of farming were 
at all times practical and progressive and he won a substantial measure of suc- 
cess. He continued to reside upon the farm until the fall of 1901. when he. 
moved to \\'aterloo and retired from active business, spending his remaining 
days in the enjoyment of well earned rest. He was secretary of the Eagle Center 
Dairy Association and his influence was always on the side of progress and 
improvement as related to the various phases of agricultural life. He was a 
stockholder and the treasurer of the Black Hawk County Farmers Mutual Fire 
and Lightning Insurance Association. He was always interested in pubhc 
afi^airs and several times was called to office. He served as a trustee of his, 
township and was a member of the board of supervisors when the Fourth Street 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 261 

bridge was built and also when the site for the present courthouse was pur- 
chased. His life was one of continuous activity and was a useful element in 
the county's progress and improvement along various lines. He enjoyed the 
respect and good-will of all who knew him and his death, which occurred in 
November, 1905, was deeply regretted. His wife, who was born December 20, 
1855, is still living in Waterloo, her residence being at No. 612 Grant avenue. 
They were the parents of two children, the elder being a daughter, Maude, who 
is now the wife of Aaron Palmer, who resides in Marshalltown, being the pres- 
ent superintendent of schools there, in which capacity he is serving for the 
eighth year. 

The son, Mark T. Humphrey, was a pupil in the country schools and in the 
Waterloo high school, from which he was graduated with the class of 1905. 
He afterward studied in the electrical engineering department in the Iowa State 
College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts at /\mes, completing his course in 
1909. He resided at home and from choice, while at school, he put in his vaca- 
tions doing wiring and other work preparatory to following the business in 
which he is now engaged. He thus obtained valuable experience and continued 
in this way until he started in business on his own account, on the i8th of July, 
1909, when he formed a partnership with C. W. Hitchcock. They established 
the present business under the style of Hitchcock & Humphrey, starting in a 
small way m a second floor room at No. 400I/. West Fifth street. There they 
remained for about eighteen months, when they came to their present location, 
and after about a year they bought out the Iowa Electrical Machinery Company 
and have since conducted the two enterprises. They carry a full line of electrical 
supplies, motors, lamps, fixtures, etc., and in addition they install electrical 
lighting systems upon farms and in small towns. They do a jobbing and retail 
business and have gained a liberal patronage. In addition to his business affairs 
Mr. liumphrey is the owner of residence property in Waterloo. 

Mr. Humphrey exercises his right of franchise in support of the men and 
measures of the republican party. He keeps well informed on the questions 
and issues of the day and is ever ready to support his position by intelligent 
argument. He has been a member of the Baptist church since 1901 and he 
holds membership with the Knights of Pythias. He is well known in the county 
where his entire life has been passed and that many of his warmest friends are 
those who have known him from his boyhood to the present is an indication 
that his career has ever been an honorable and upright one. 



LOUIS W. WITRY. 



Louis W. Witry is the vice president and factory manager of the Waterloo 
Gas Engine Company, in which connection he has the supervision of the 
labors of seven hundred employes. He is a man of determined purpose, 
carrying forward to successful completion whatever he undertakes, and his life 
work has been of a character that has contributed to public prosperity as well as 
to individual success. 



262 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

He is a native of Waterloo, born in 1870, his parents being Dominic and 
Margaret (Pott) Witry, both of whom were natives of Germany. The father 
was born in 1841 and came to Waterloo in 1868. He entered the employ ot 
Henry Daniels in the only sawmill of the town and in that connection engaged 
in the manufacture of furniture, for he was a cabinet-maker by trade. It was 
soon after his arrival in Waterloo that he wedded Margaret Pott and they became 
parents of three children ; Louis W\ ; Perrie J., who has always lived in Waterloo ; 
and Mary, also of this city. 

Louis W. Witry was educated in Our Lady of Victory Sisters' school in 
Waterloo and at the age of fifteen commenced work at the machinist's trade 
with the Illinois Central Railroad Company, serving a five years' apprentice- 
ship. He was engaged in locomotive work for twelve years, working in a 
number of the leading shops in the middle west and on the coast in order to 
gain greater experience. In August, 1897, he became associated with the 
Waterloo Gas Engine Company, which was then occupying the old building 
located on the river and employed twenty men. The following January he was 
made superintendent of the factory and a little later he became a stockholder 
in the company and was elected to the office of vice president and factory man- 
ager. Something of the growlh of the business is indicated in the fact that 
they now employ on an average of seven hundred workmen, many of whom are 
most skilled and efficient in their particular line. Mr. Witry designed the 
Waterloo Gasoline Engine, which was far superior to anything that had been 
put upon the market at that time, and it gave such uniform satisfaction that 
it was necessary to immediately arrange for a larger factory in order to supply 
the demand. This was the starting point of the great plant which they have 
today, a plant that covers many acres and utilizes a number of buildings, the 
largest of which is one thousand by one hundred and twenty feet. There are 
two other buildings one fifty by one hundred and twenty feet, another three hun- 
dred by one hundred and forty feet, with a foundry one hundred by six hundred 
feet. Theirs is one of the most popular engines on the market and in the great 
factory the hum of industry is continuously heard, for the work is carried steadily 
forward in order to furnish the supply that is demanded in all parts of the world. 
Their trade not only covers America, but many foreign countries, this being 
indicative of the superiority of their engine over many others upon the market. 
In this factory was built the first automobile ever constructed or used in Black 
Hawk county and the design was by Mr. Witry. They continued the manufac- 
ture of automobiles for some time but on account of the rapid increase in the 
demand for gasoline engines had to abandon the former for lack of room. 

Mr. Witry is an extensive property holder of Waterloo and now occupies 
the old homestead with his mother and sister, his father having died in 1912. 
He is a member of St. Joseph's Catholic church and of the Knights of Columbus, 
and he also has membership with the Fraternal Order of Eagles, the Benevolent 
Protective Order of Elks, the Chamber of Commerce, the Waterloo Club and 
Waterloo Business and Traveling Men's Association. His has indeed been a 
busy, useful and active life, resulting in continuous advancement. Following 
out the bent of his nature he soon reached an expert position in connection with 
mechanics and his initiative spirit has led to inventions that have been of the 
utmost value and worth. A man of great natural ability, his success in business 




LOUIS W. WITt?Y 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 263 

has been uniform and rapid. As has been truly remarked, after all that may 
be done for a man in the way of giving him early opportunities for obtaining 
the requirements which are sought in the schools and in books, he must essen- 
tially formulate, determine and give shape to his own character and this is 
what Mr. Witry has done. 



W. K. VOORHEES. 



W. K. Voorhees, one of the foremost business men and popular young citi- 
zens of Cedar Falls, has since 1910 served as secretary and general manager 
of the Standard Manufacturing Company of the city, which concern is engaged 
in the manufacture of steel gates and conducts one of the important industrial 
plants of Black Hawk county. His birth occurred in Mahaska county, Iowa, 
near the town of Pella, on the 25th of August, 1887, his parents being John K. 
and Algenette (Ryan) Voorhees, likewise natives of this state. John K. Voor- 
hees, Sr., the paternal grandfather, came to Iowa from Ohio in 1845 and at that 
early day located on a farm in Mahaska county, spending the remainder of his 
life thereon. It was there that the birth of his son occurred. For about twenty 
years John K. Voorhees, Jr., has been a commercial salesman, now representing 
the Gale Manufacturing Company of Albion, Michigan, manufacturers of farm 
machinery. In 1904 he took up his abode in Cedar Falls and has here since 
.resided. 

W. K. Voorhees was reared under the parental roof and in the acquirement 
of an education attended the graded schools and the Cedar Falls high school, 
from which institution he was graduated with the class of 1906. Soon after 
putting aside his text-books he secured a position with the Iowa Gate Com- 
pany of Cedar Falls, acting as office man for the concern. He contmued in 
the service of the company for about four years and that his worth and ability 
were recognized by his employers is indicated in the fact that he was sent out 
to represent the firm when a special representation was required. In 1910 he 
resigned his position with the Iowa Gate Company and became one of the 
leading spirits in the organization of the Standard Manufacturing Company, 
which was incorporated under the laws of Iowa and of which he was made 
secretary and manager. The concern began operations in the old paper mill 
property, but the business developed so rapidly that larger quarters were neces- 
sary and in 19 12 a modern brick building was erected which extends through 
from Third to Fourth street, having a length of about two hundred and sixty 
feet and a width of eighty feet. In 191 3 the company built an addition of 
seventy by ninety feet to house their galvanizing plant, which they installed at 
that time. The state factory inspector declares it the best equipped and best 
ventilated galvanizing plant in the state of Iowa. The firm does all the galvan- 
izing for the Wagner Manufacturing Company and for the Du Mond Manu- 
facturing Company as well as their own work. In his capacity as secretary and 
manager Mr. Voorhees has contributed not a little to the continued growth and 
success of the business, and he is widely recognized as a young man of splendid 
executive ability and enterprise. 



264 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

In 1909 Air. \'oorhees was united in marriage to Miss Julia C. Philpot, of 
Cedar Falls, by whom he has one son, Maynard K. Fraternally he is identified 
with the following organizations : Black Hawk Lodge, No. 65, A. F. & A. M., 
in which he is a member of the board of trustees; Valley Chapter, No. 20, 
R. A. M. ; Baldwin Commandery, No. 11, K. T. ; Crescent Council, No. 16, 
R. & S. M., of Waterloo ; and El Kahir Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. Mr. Voor- 
hees is also a well known member of the Cedar Falls Commercial Club and has 
already attained a position in business circles of his city that many a man of 
twice his years might well envy. 



J. F. CASS. 



J. F'. Cass is the vice president of the Waterloo, Cedar Falls & Northern 
Railroad but this is only one phase of his activity, as he has been identified with 
various plans, projects and measures which have been an element in promoting 
the material, intellectual, political and moral progress of his community. A 
native of Wisconsin, he came to Iowa with his parents when three years of age 
and was reared in Sumner, his education being acquired in the public schools. 
When a young man he went to Chicago and for five years was with the First 
National Bank, starting as messenger and becoming assistant to E. K. P)oisot, 
then manager of the bond department and foreign coin teller. 

Mr. Cass afterward engaged in the banking business in Sumner, Iowa, with- 
liis father, conducting a private bank. Subsequently he organized the bank at 
Tripoli and at Denver, Iowa, and with his partners controls those two banks and 
also one at Sumner. He is a well known figure in financial circles, thoroughly 
conversant with every phase of banking, and his business ability has been an 
element in establishing strong financial institutions. He is also a director of the 
Commercial National Bank of Waterloo. His principal interest is in the invest- 
ment and banking business and he also deals largely in real estate, buying and 
selling lands as well as bonds and other commercial paper. He organized and 
is the president of the Iowa Real Estate & Investment Company, which is 
capitalized for two hundred thousand dollars, all of which has been paid in cash. 
He is likewise financially and officially connected with various other business 
enterprises of importance which have been factors in the upbuilding and busi- 
ness development of the state. He is the president of the Cass Farm Company, 
which is the owner of five hundred acres of valuable land in Bremer county and 
of many thousands of acres in Black Hawk and Grundy counties. This com- 
pany is winning notable success in the development and conduct of its Bremer 
county farm, which is a model property. Thereon they handle nothing but 
blooded stock and upon the place have been produced some of the finest cattle 
and horses of the state. 

Mr. Cass was also instrumental in organizing the Western Electric Telephone 
System and was president of the company when they put in the first toll telephone 
lines throughout Iowa, Dakota, Nebraska, Wisconsin and other points in the 
middle west. He was also at one time president of the Kinloch Telephone Com- 
pany of St. Louis and of Kansas City and few men have been more active in 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 265 

instituting and developing the telephone system of the central western states. 
When the Western Electric Telephone Company sold out to the Bell Telephone 
Company they had nearly six thousand miles of line in operation. Mr. Cass 
certainly deserves great credit for organizing the company, of which he was the 
president and the principal stockholder. He is now prominently, closely and 
actively associated with the operation of interurban railways as the vice presi- 
dent of the Waterloo, Cedar Falls & Northern Railroad. His business interests 
have on the whole been of a character that have contributed in large measure 
to public progress and prosperity as well as to individual success. 

In 1887 Mr. Cass was united in marriage to Miss Florence B. Royal and 
they have one daughter, Hazel M., now the wife of J. C. Koeneke, of Waterloo, 
and a son, Ernest Cass, who was educated in the public schools, in the Shattuck 
Military School at Faribault, Minnesota, and is now in the office of the Water- 
loo, Cedar Falls & Northern Railroad Company. 

Mr. Cass has been a member of the Knights of Pythias for twenty-five years 
and he also has membership in the Commercial Club and Board of Trade of 
Waterloo. In politics he is a prominent republican and has served as state 
chairman of the republican state central committee. He has likewise been a 
member of the board of trustees of the Upper Iowa University of Fayette. His 
interests and activities have thus covered a wide range, having to do with the 
welfare of his state in many connections. Progress and patriotism might well 
be termed the keynotes of his character. He is a man of well balanced mind, 
even temper and conservative habit and is rich in the possession of enterprise 
of the kind that leads to great accomplishments. 



JOHN W. ROBERTS. 



In the demise of John W. Roberts, which occurred at La Porte City on the 
2d of June, 1911, Black Hawk county lost one of its esteemed citizens and repre- 
sentative agriculturists, for he had resided within the borders of this county for 
more than six decades and had won gratifying success as a farmer, owning a 
tract of two hundred acres in Spring Creek township. His birth occurred in 
Indiana on the nth of August, 1843, his parents being E. O. and Irene Roberts, 
both of whom were natives of Wales. They emigrated to the United States in 
a very early day and located in Indiana, where they made their home until 1849, 
wlien they removed to Jones county, Iowa. The following year, however, they 
came to Black Hawk county, settling in Spring Creek township, where the father 
carried on agricultural pursuits during the remainder of his life. He passed 
away January 2"], 1899, and his wife died January 17, 1899. They had lived in 
this county for almost a half century and had won an extensive circle of warm 
friends who sincerely mourned their loss. 

John W. Roberts, but a very young lad when brought to Black Hawk county 
by his parents, was reared and educated in Spring Creek township and remained 
on the home farm until twenty-four years of age. He then started out as an 
agriculturist on his own account, purchasing forty acres of land on sections 9 
and 4, Spring Creek township, which he began improving. Prosperity attended 



266 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

his labors and as time passed he extended the boundaries of his farm by addi- 
tional purchase until it embraced two hundred acres. He brought the place to 
a high state of cultivation and improvement and devoted his attention to the 
active work of the fields until 1900, when he took up his abode in La Porte 
City, where he purchased an attractive residence and spent the remainder of his 
life in honorable retirement. His demise occurred on the 2d of June, 191 1, at 
the end of about eight years' illness. The farm of two hundred acres is still 
in possession of his widow, who also owns a residence in La Porte City which 
she leases. 

On the 30th of May, 1867, Mr. Roberts was united in marriage to Miss 
Anna M. Sroufe, who was born in Ohio, July 26, 1850, her parents being Benoni 
and Mary Ann (Grandoll) Sroufe, natives of Ohio. In 1853 they removed to 
Buchanan county, Iowa, where the father successfully carried on farming 
throughout the remainder of his active business career. He enjoyed retirement, 
however, for but three months, passing away in Brandon at the end of that 
time — in 1902. For four decades he had survived his wife, who was called to 
her final rest in 1862. To Mr. and Mrs. Roberts were born four children, as 
follows; Mrs. W. H. Abbott, of Los Angeles, California; E. O., of Spring 
Creek township, this county ; J. W., who is a resident of \\'aterloo ; and Mrs. 
Fannie Wells, living in Hitchcock, South Dakota. 

Mr. Roberts gave his political allegiance to the democracy and served as 
school director for several years, being ever a stalwart champion of the cause 
of education. His religious faith was that of the Methodist church and fra- 
ternally he was identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. His 
life was upright and honorable in every relation and his death came as a great 
bereavement to many friends as well as to his immediate family. Mrs. Roberts, 
still living in La Porte City, is also highly esteemed here, the circle of her friends 
being almost coextensive with the circle of her acquaintances. 



FRANK N. MEAD, M. D. 

Dr. Frank N. Mead has engaged in the practice of medicine at Cedar Falls 
since the fall of 1899 ^^^ i" the intervening period of fifteen years has made 
continuous progress in his profession. He was born in Shellrock, Butler county, 
Iowa, October 6, 1868, and is a son of Levi and Adeline (West) Mead, the 
former a native of Saratoga Springs, New York, and the latter of Indiana. The 
father followed farming as a life work and in 1867 came to Iowa, settling near 
Shell Rock. He became a landowner and for many years engaged in farming 
but is now living retired, he and his wife making their home in Shell Rock. His 
business record is a creditable and enviable one but not more so than his record 
as a soldier of the Civil war. Through four years and five months he was with 
the army as a member of Company B, Eighth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, 
known as the "Live Eagle" Regiment because of the fact that they had with them 
through much of the war a live eagle. Mr. Mead was never w^ounded nor con- 
fined in a hospital through illness but was always at his post, never faltering in 
the performance of duty, whether upon the lonely picket line or in the midst of 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 267 

the firing line. He was promoted from the rank of corporal to that of first 
lieutenant and he returned to his home with a most creditable military record. 

Dr. Mead was the oldest of the four children in his father's family. He 
attended school in Butler county, Iowa, and also became a student in the State 
Normal School at Cedar Falls. Determining upon the practice of medicine as 
a life work, he entered the medical department of the University of Iowa and 
afterward continued his studies in preparation for his profession in the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. He was graduated from the former with the class of 
1893 and from the latter as a member of the class of 1895 ^^^ was thus well 
equipped for important responsibilities and grave professional duties. Before 
pursuing his medical course, however, he took up the profession of school- 
teaching in Butler county, devoting a year to that work. Following his gradua- 
tion from the Pennsylvania Medical College he located for practice at Bristow, 
Butler county, Iowa, where he remained for several years. He then came to 
Cedar Falls in September, 1899, ^"^ has here followed his profession contin- 
uously since. He continues in general practice, to which he devotes his entire 
time, and he belongs to the city, county and state medical associations. Long 
experience and broad reading have greatly augmented his knowledge and 
ability, and at all times he has kept in touch with the onward trend of thought 
and scientific investigation in regard to medical practice. 

In December, 1898, Dr. Mead was married to Miss Daisy Seefried, who was 
born in Vienna, Austria, in which city they were married while Dr. Mead was 
attending the University of Vienna. To them have been born three children, 
Joseph O., Bertha Louise and Marion Ruth. 

Dr. Mead is prominent in Masonic circles, having advanced from the lodge 
through the various degrees of the York Rite until he is a Knight Templar in 
Baldwin Commandery. He is also a member of the Mystic Shrine. He has 
passed through all of the chairs of the chapter and commandery. Laudable 
ambition has actuated him in all of his professional activities and led to his going 
abroad for further study, so that he becam.e familiar with the advanced methods 
of many eminent physicians and surgeons of the old world. His reading, how- 
ever, has not been confined alone to the science of medicine but has compassed 
a broad field, bringing him in touch with many of the vital and significant prob- 
lems of the day. 



J. W. GALLOWAY. 



J. W. Galloway needs no introduction to the readers of this volume, for as 
vice president of the William Galloway Company and of the Galloway Brothers 
Company he is prominently connected with the business interests not only of 
Waterloo and Black Hawk county, but of the state. Iowa has reason to be 
proud to number him among her native sons. His birth occurred in Tama 
county in 1876 and there he was reared and educated. His advantages were 
not above those which come to the average youth. 

Early in life Mr. Galloway engaged in farming and in fact is still heavily 
interested in agricultural pursuits, for in connection with his brother he is the 



268 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

owner of four sections of land in the Saskatchewan district in Canada, which 
they use in growing seed for their business at this point. Three years ago the 
company was incorporated as the Galloway Brothers-Bowman Company, but at 
the present time it is the Galloway Brothers Company. The capital stock is five 
hundred thousand dollars. The company deals in all kinds of farm and field 
seeds, flowers and shrubbery and, as indicated, their farm and field seeds are 
cultivated upon their Saskatchewan property, while their flower seeds are all 
imported. The business has reached large and gratifying proportions and their 
shipments cover a very wide territory, being sent to all parts of the country. 
Of this company J. W. Galloway is the vice president and active in the manage- 
ment of the business. He is also the vice president of the William Galloway Com- 
pany, manufacturers of farm machinery and implements, in which connection 
they control one of the most extensive and important industrial concerns of the 
state. Their business in the seed line is a mail order business and they also 
take contracts for landscape gardening, doing considerable work of that char- 
acter throughout the country. 

In 1904 Mr. Galloway was united in marriage to Miss Lula Jones, of Seaton, 
Illinois, and they have become parents of three children, James Harold, Margaret 
Virginia and Roger Maine. Mr. Galloway is a member of the United Presby- 
terian church, also of the Commercial Clul) and Hoard of Trade — interests and 
activities which indicate the rules which govern his conduct and point out his 
line of activity for the benefit of the community. He is a most energetic man, 
resolute, forceful and resourceful. He is well balanced, physically and mentally, 
possesses sufficient courage to venture where favoring opportunity is presented, 
and his judgment and even ])aced energy have carried him forward to the goal 
of success. 



CHARLES S. BICKLEY. 

Charles S. Bickley is a real-estate and insurance broker numbered among 
the active business men of Waterloo, of which city he is a native son. He was 
born September 26, 1878, his parents being G. G. and Eliza J. (Blough) Bickley, 
of whom mention is made elsewhere m this volume in connection with the sketch 
of their son. Dr. G. G. Bickley. 

Charles S. Bickley spent the days of his boyhood and youth under the parental 
roof and at the usual age began his education as a public-school student. When 
he had completed the high-school course in Waterloo he entered the Waterloo 
Business College and after putting his text-books aside he was for a number of 
years identified with his father in the telephone business, being thus connected 
until the father disposed of his interests along that line. Charles S. Bickley then 
remained with the father's successors, the Iowa Telephone Company, in the 
capacity of city foreman and in other connections for two years and later he 
identified himself with James Gardner in the real-estate business. They were 
associated for two and a half years and subsequently Mr. Bickley entered into 
business with Louis Miller, which relation was maintained for three years. On 
the ist of May, 19 14, he established an independent business with offices in the 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 269 

Bickley building, which is a part of his father's estate. He is now devoting his 
attention to real-estate and insurance brokerage and has handled much valuable 
property. He is thoroughly versed concerning realty values and he knows every 
phase of the business and has manifested keen sagacity in managing and directing 
the affairs under his control. 

In 1903 Mr. Bickley was united in marriage to Miss Helen D. Hull, of Chi- 
cago. Mr. Bickley exercises his right of franchise in support of the men and 
measures of the republican party and has always been loyal to that organization, 
believing that its principles contain the best elements of good government. He 
belongs to the Town Criers Club, an organization formed to further the interests, 
promote the upbuilding and extend the business relations of his city. He is ever 
loyal to Waterloo and aids in many movements which are directly beneficial to 
the municipality. His entire life having been passed in this city, he is well 
known and the sterling traits of his character have gained for him the high 
esteem of those with whom he has been brought in contact through both business 
and social relations. 



PETERSEN BROTHERS. 

The firm of Petersen Brothers is composed of A. T. and A. H. Petersen, 
conducting a successful business as funeral directors and embalmers. The senior 
partner of the firm, A. T. Petersen, was born at Durant, Iowa, October 15, 1883, 
a son of J. W. and Henrietta E. (Friedrich) Petersen, the former a native of 
Hamburg, Germany, and the latter of Davenport, Iowa. The mother, however, 
came of German parentage. J. W. Petersen arrived in the United States in 
1853 and first settled at Durant, Iowa. It was on the loth of December, 1876, 
in Davenport, that he wedded Miss Friedrich, although she was a resident of 
Durant at the time. Mr. Petersen was one of the pioneer funeral directors of 
the latter city and engaged in the business when each undertaker made the 
coffins which he sold. He has been in the business in Durant for more than 
thirty-five years and is a well known and highly respected citizen there. 

A. T. Petersen was educated in the schools of his native city and after com- 
pleting the high-school course attended Brown's Business College of Davenport, 
from which he was graduated in both the bookkeeping and stenographic depart- 
ments as a member of the class of 1907. A. H. Petersen, who was born Septem- 
ber 13, 1886, also attended the public and high schools of Durant. The brothers 
worked under their father's direction from an early age and thereby laid the 
foundation for their later success in their chosen field of labor. They entered 
the Hohenschuh-Carpenter College of Embalming at Des Moines, A. H. Petersen 
he'mg graduated on the 28th of July, 1909, while A. T. Petersen completed his 
course in that institution in July, 191 1. The previous year the brothers had 
come to Waterloo and established themselves in business in commodious quar- 
ters, their rooms including a chapel and a private morgue, together with thor- 
oughly modern show rooms supplied with glass wall cases. Theirs is the only 
firm in Waterloo with the glass wall show cases. The firm also owns a private 



270 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

motor ambulance, which they operate in connection with the business. This is 
thoroughly up-to-date, having all of the latest improvements. 

On the 6th of June, 1910, A. T. Petersen was married to Miss Edna C. 
Goettsch, of Durant. On the 15th of the same month A. H. Petersen wedded 
Miss Hilda S. Goettsch, a sister of his brother's wife. They all live in one resi- 
dence as one family at No. 611 West Fifth street and own their own home. 
The brothers are members of Waterloo Lodge, No. 105, A. F. & A. M. ; Taber- 
nacle Chapter, No. 52, R. A. M. ; Crescent Council, No. 16, R. & S. M. ; and 
Ascalon Commandery, No. 25, K. T. ; while A. T. Petersen has taken the work 
of the Mystic Shrine and is a member of El Kahir Temple, of Cedar Rapids. 
He and his w'lie are also members of Waterloo Chapter, No. 128, O. E. S.. and 
he is likewise a member of Helmet Lodge, No. 89, K. P. ; the Tribe of Ben 
Hur; and Waterloo Lodge, No. 328, L. O. O. M., of which he is the secretary. 
His brother is a member of the Modern \\'oodmen camp and both brothers hold 
membership in the Episcopal church, while A. T. Petersen is likewise a member 
of the Young Men's Christian Association. Both are men of sterling qualities 
and upright character as well and business ability has been a factor in estab- 
lishing them in the high regard in which they are uniformly held. Since coming 
to Waterloo they have built up an enviable and lucrative business and their suc- 
cess is well merited by reason of their honorable methods and enterprise. 



S. F. CASS. 



No history of Black Hawk county would be complete were there failure to 
make prominent and extended reference to S. F. Cass, whose efforts along 
various lines contributed to the upbuilding, development and improvement of 
this section of the state. Moreover, through his well directed business career he 
won the proud American title of a self-made man and his life history should 
serve as a source of encouragement and inspiration to others, showing what 
may be accomplished when determination and energy point out the way and 
when industry goes hand in hand with integrity. Mr. Cass was born in Prescott 
county, Canada, June 31, 1839, and in i860 accompanied his parents to Wis- 
consin. There, a year later, he was united in marriage to Miss Martha Wilcox, 
a native of New York, and to them were born six children, of whom three sons, 
J. F., L. S. and C. D. Cass, are now living and are numbered among the prom- 
inent, influential and successful business men of eastern Iowa. 

About 1864 S. F. Cass left Wisconsin for Ogdensburg, New York, Avhere he 
pursued a course of study in the Bryant & Stratton Business College, having 
realized the need and worth of such a training as a preparation for the business 
world. Following his graduation he taught in that school for one term but in 
1865 severed his connection with the college and returned to his old home in 
Wisconsin for a visit. Soon afterward he came to Iowa and took up his abode 
in Sumner township, Bremer county, where he purchased five acres of land. 
Subsequently he established a store which constituted the nucleus of a little 
town that grew up around it and was called Cassville. It had gained considerable 
importance in 1875, when it was decided to move Cassville to Sumner in the 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 271 

hope that the railroad would be built through the latter place. The winter of 
1875-6, therefore, saw Cassville on runners. Mr. Cass moved seven buildings, 
one of which was drawn by a team of forty horses, with a yoke of oxen at- 
tached to the rear to hold back going down hill. So closely interwoven with the 
history of Sumner is the life record of Mr. Cass that it is impossible to mention 
one without including the other. He did most important work in upbuilding 
and promoting the interests of that town and its development is attributable in 
no small measure to his efforts. For a number of years he spent a part of his 
time in Oregon, where he had large interests. 

On the 1st of January, 1881, Mr. Cass established the Bank of Sumner, of 
which he remained the president up to the time of his death. He was also presi- 
dent of the First National Bank of Grants Pass, Oregon, and was an able busi- 
ness man, carrying forward to successful completion whatever he undertook. 
He recognized and utilized opportunities that others passed heedlessly by and 
as the years went on he won the reward of his labors. He was indeed a self- 
made man who by diligence and honesty gained advancement, and although he 
started out as a poor boy, empty-handed, having no special advantages to assist 
him at the beginning of his business career, he was at the time of his death 
president of two banks and held extensive real-estate interests in Bremer and 
adjoining counties and also in Wisconsin and Oregon. 

The attainment of success, however, was not the sole aim and purpose of 
his life, for he was a generous and public-spirited man and his name could 
always be found on any subscription list to assist the needy or promote any 
charitable enterprise. When there was a plan or project advanced for the up- 
building of town or county he gave to it his earnest and generous support and 
it would be impossible to estimate the measure of his work and influence in that 
direction. He judged men by their individual merit and not by wealth or posi- 
tion. He always spoke as cordially and kindly to the man clad in overalls and 
blue jacket as he did to the one in broadcloth and fine linen. He was always 
generous toward his employes and it was no unusual thing for him, as the day 
drew to a close, to say at 5 :30 : "Well, boys, you have done well today. Pick 
up your tools and we will call it a day." The salient traits of his character were 
such as endeared him to all and he was loved and honored wherever known and 
most of all where he was best known. 



HARRY B. BAHR. 



Harry B. Bahr is engaged in the real-estate and investment business at 
Waterloo, with offices in the Marsh-Place building. Thoroughness and energy 
characterize his work in all connections and have been the means of bringing to 
him substantial success in this field of business. He was born at La Porte City, 
in Black Hawk county, November 22, 1888, a son of Levi and Amelia Bahr, 
both of whom were natives of Pennsylvania. The mother died during the in- 
fancy of her son Harry. The father, who early learned the carpenter's trade, 
became a contractor and on his removal to the middle west prior to the Civil 
war settled in Wisconsin. Soon after the close of hostilities between the north 



272 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

and the south he came to Black Hawk county, casting in his lot with its pioneer 
settlers. He then began farming near La Porte City and devoted a few years 
to the work of tilling the soil but at the end of that time again turned his atten- 
tion to the carpenter's trade, which he followed until his retirement from active 
business life. He now lives in La Porte City at the advanced age of seventy- 
eight years and throughout the entire period of his residence in this county he 
has ever enjoyed the confidence, good-will and esteem of his fellow townsmen. 
His family numbered six children : Samuel ; William ; Charles ; Franklin ; Ida, 
the wife of W. A. Lawrence; and Harry B., of this review. 

The last named acquired his education in La Porte City, Iowa, under the 
direction of Mr. Lizer, mention of whom is made elsewhere in this volume. 
He attended the high school at Parkersburg and afterward was a student in the 
Cedar Rapids Business College and the Waterloo Business College. He was 
graduated from the College of Commerce during the first year of its existence 
in Waterloo. He was afterward employed in the Citizens Savings Bank and in 
the Waterloo Loan & Trust Bank, where he was the secretary of the president 
of the bank, Mr. Jamison, for one year. In 1910, in company with C. M. Allen, 
he turned his attention to the real-estate business but two years later dissolved 
that partnership and continued alone as a real-estate dealer, since which time he 
has maintained his oftices in the Marsh-Place building. He makes a specialty 
of investments in timber lands and colonization tracts, handling property in the 
northern, southern and western states. He owns considerable property in dif- 
ferent sections of the country and a good residence property in Waterloo. His 
investments are judiciously made, for he has thoroughly informed himself con- 
cerning realty values in the different districts in which he operates. 

In igi2 Mr. Bahr was united in marriage to Miss Eva Christopher, who was 
born at Parkersburg, Butler county, a daughter of L. P. Christopher, whose wife 
died when their daughter, Mrs. Bahr, was but a young child. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bahr hold membership in the Presbyterian church. He gives his political alle- 
giance to the republican party and fraternally he is connected with the Knights 
of Pythias. lie has attractive social qualities and many sterling characteristics 
which have won for him warm friendship among those with whom business or 
social relations have brought him in contact. 



HON. CHARLES EDGAR PICKETT. 

Hon. Charles Edgar Pickett of Waterloo is a well known figure in Iowa. 
Prominent among the members of the bar of the state, an orator of national 
reputation, well known in business circles and fraternal organizations and com- 
ing from a strong family, Mr. Pickett ranks among the distinguished sons of 
Black Hawk county. He was born in Bonaparte, Van Buren county, Iowa, 
January 14, 1866, a son of Edgar C. and Glovina E. (Ballard) Pickett, the 
former a native of Kentucky and the latter of Indiana. They came to Iowa 
in 1863, setthng in Van Buren county, and in 1872 removed to Black Hawk 
county, where their remaining days were passed. Edgar C. Pickett responded 
to the country's call for aid in 1861 and became captain of Company A, Fiftieth 




HON, CHAELES E. PICKETT 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 275 

Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and later captain of Company C, Eighth Iowa Volun- 
teer Cavalry, both of which companies he organized. In 1863 he was wounded, 
returned home and later organized a cavalry company, of which he was captain 
until the close of the war. 

Charles Edgar Pickett was graduated from the high school at Waterloo 
with the class of 1884. His literary education was acquired at Iowa City, where 
he was graduated in 1888 in liberal arts and from the law department of the 
state university in 1890. He then located in Waterloo for the practice of law 
and here has remained continuously to the present time, ranking among the 
foremost members of the bar. He has also been prominently identified for 
many years with the business interests of the city and is connected with many 
of its leading institutions, among which is the Leavitt & Johnson National Bank, 
of which he is vice president, and the Farmers Loan & Trust Company, of 
which he is a director. Being active in promoting the progress of the city, he 
has served as a director of the Chamber of Commerce since its organization. 

In politics Mr. Pickett has been a lifelong republican, having a place in the 
party's counsels by inheritance, as Captain Pickett did much to shape the early 
policies of republican Iowa. In 1899 Mr. Pickett was chosen temporary chair- 
man of the republican state convention and the papers of Iowa at once accorded 
him a place among the state's great orators. In the years following he cam- 
paigned in many of the northern states and in 1908 was elected to congress from 
the third Iowa district. He served for four years in the national house of 
representatives, early taking his place among the forceful men of that body 
and soon establishing a reputation as a resourceful debater. He was the author 
of the national conservation bill and was connected with other important con- 
structive legislation. Among the speeches which he made that attracted wide- 
spread interest were those on the Lincoln Memorial, Conservation Bills, Cana- 
dian Reciprocity and Recall of Judges. As indicated he is today an orator of 
nation-wide reputation and he has on various occasions delivered addresses in 
many of the leading cities of the United States. He addressed the Grant Club 
of Des Moines on the 27th of April, 1903 ; the Gridley Club of Ionia, Michigan, 
on the 29th of January, 1910; the Lincoln Club of Brooklyn on the 12th of 
February, 1912; the Union League Club of Baltimore on the 12th of February, 
1913; and was the speaker on the occasion of the Grant Anniversary at Galena, 
Illinois, April 27, 1914. He has delivered memorial addresses in Duluth, St. 
Paul, Dallas, Texas, IndianapoHs, Cincinnati, Louisville, Baltimore, Washing- 
ton, D. C, and many other cities. 

In educational matters in Iowa Mr. Pickett has taken a keen interest, having 
served for thirteen years as regent of the state university. In fraternal organ- 
izations he has been active, holding the position of grand chancellor of the 
Knights of Pythias of Iowa in 1894-5 and grand exalted ruler of the Benevo- 
lent Protective Order of Elks in 1901-2. 

Mr. Pickett was married June 17, 1902, in Louisville, Kentucky, to Miss 
India Parmley Ryan, a daughter of Dr. and Mrs. J. R. Ryan. Their children 
are India, Edgar Ballard and Charles Joseph. Mr. Pickett attends the Con- 
gregational church and his influence is always on the side of progress, advance- 
ment and improvement. The public has been either a direct or indirect bene- 
ficiary of his efl:'orts throughout the period of his manhood. He has done much 

Vol. 11—15 



276 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

in planmrg for his city's development and progress along business lines and in 
the iinprov£ment of civic conditions. He now devotes his attention largely to 
his law practice in Waterloo, where his ability has brought him to a foremost 
rank among Iowa's able members of the bar. 



CHARLES M. DU MOND. 

Charles M. Du Mond is the president and manager of the Du Mond Manu- 
facturing Company of Cedar Falls, one of the important industrial firms of 
Black Flawk county, manufacturing a vacuum washing machine of his own 
invention. His birth occurred on a farm in this county, his parents being 
Eugene and Maggie E. (Burke) Du Mond, the former a native of Ohio and 
the latter of Indiana. Joel Burke, the maternal grandfather, came to this state 
from Indiana in 1868, locating on a farm at Finchford, Black Hawk county. 
He has remained a resident of this county throughout the intervening forty-six 
years and now makes his home in Waterloo. Eugene Du Mond was brought to 
Iowa by his parents in 1861, when but four years of age. His father, Andrew 
J. Du Mond, first located in Clarinda, Page county, and at the end of about two 
years came to Black Hawk county. Some time later, however, he purchased a 
farm just across the line in Butler county and on this property he spent the 
remainder of his life. In early life Eugene Du Mond was identified with farm- 
ing and with land speculation, but in subsequent years he was employed as a 
commercial salesman, representing the Rex Stock Food Company of Omaha, 
Nebraska. He is now a valued representative of the Du Mond ^Manufacturing 
Company. 

Charles M. Du Mond acquired his early education in the district school and 
subsequently pursued a course of study in the Waterloo Business College. He 
then secured a position as commercial salesman for the Parsons music house of 
Waterloo and engaged in selling pianos for about two years, on the expiration 
of which period he entered the service of the Wagner Manufacturing Company 
of Cedar Falls, manufacturers of hardware specialties. This firm he represented 
on the road for about one year, subsequently becoming identified with his father 
in the land business. In 1909 he entered his present field of activity as an employe 
of the Barlow & Seelig Manufacturing Company, manufacturers of washing 
machines at Ripon. Wisconsin. He represented this concern on the road for 
about four years and during that period thoroughly familiarized himself with 
the workings of the washing machine and invented the machine which he now 
manufactures. On the ist of May, 191 3, he organized the Du Mond Manu- 
facturing Company, of which he was made president and manager and which 
was incorporated under the laws of Iowa with a capital stock of twenty thou- 
sand dollars. Remarkable success has attended the enterprise from its inception 
and the company is now shipping its product into some twenty different states. 
Mr. Du Mond and his associates secured as a factory the old Monarch self- 
feeder plant, a three-story, commodious stone structure. They manufacture 
hand-power, gas-power and electric-power machines, and theirs are among the 
most modern and efficient machines now on the market. Mr. Du Mond recentlv 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 277 

closed a contract with an Omaha house for a carload of machines and expects 
to ship the firm a carload each month, the machine having- been designed by him 
for their especial trade. It will thus be seen that the business is constantly 
expanding under his able direction, and his record is indeed worthy of com- 
mendation, for success has come to him as the reward of his own efforts, perse- 
verance and ability. 

In 1906 Air. Du j\Iond was united in marriage to Miss Bertha McBride, of 
Shell Rock, Butler county, Iowa, by whom he has two children, Ray and Evelyn. 
He belongs to the Cedar Falls Commercial Club and is also a member of the Chris- 
tian church, which his wife attends, though the latter adheres to the Methodist 
belief. They are highly esteemed throughout the community and the hospitality 
of the best homes is cordially extended them. 



HENRY JOHNSON. 



As president of the Johnson & Wyth Company of Cedar Falls, Iowa, who 
conduct a large hardware, plumbing and heating business, Henry Johnson is an 
important factor in commercial circles of that city. He was born in Denmark 
in 1837 and in 1862 emigrated to America, settling in Chicago. In 1863 he en- 
listed in the Seventy-fifth Regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry for service 
in the Civil war and remained with the regiment until the conclusion of peace, 
being mustered out at Springfield, Illinois, in 1865. He returned to Chicago, 
where he entered the grocery business, in which connection he remained until 
1870. He then sold out his interests there and came to Cedar Falls, establishing 
a grocery store on Main street which he conducted for a year. After selling 
that store he located upon his two hundred and twenty-acre farm four and one- 
half miles from Cedar Falls and for seven years concentrated his energies upon 
farm work. He then rented his land and came again to Cedar Falls, establishing 
a drug and grocery business which he conducted for eighteen years. At the end 
of that time he engaged in the hardware, plumbing and heating business and 
has since remained active in that line. He is the executive head of the Johnson 
& Wyth Company and much of the success of that concern has been due to his 
knowledge of business conditions, his foresight and financial acumen. The 
business of the company has grown steadily and promises to continue to do so 
as the goods carried are of the highest quality, while the prices are reasonable. 
Mr. Johnson is a director of the First National Bank of Cedar Falls and owns 
stock in a number of manufacturing concerns of this city. He also owns con- 
siderable residence property in Cedar Falls from which he derives a gratifying 
addition to his annual income. 

Mr. Johnson was married in Chicago, in 1868, to Miss Louisa Frandsen, a 
native of Denmark. Of the children born to them three died in infancy, the 
others being as follows : Harry, cashier of the First National Bank of Cedar 
Falls; Louis, who is a partner in and treasurer of the Johnson & Wyth Com- 
pany; Nettie, a graduate of the Cedar Falls high school, who is bookkeeper and 
stenographer for that company ; Josie, the wife of W. A. Waterman, a resident 
of Rockford, Illinois ; and Eva, who died when nineteen years of age. 



278 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Mr. Johnson is independent in his poHtical views and was for thirteen years 
a member of the school board. His family belong to the Protestant Episcopal 
church and are helpful in its work. He is a Knights Templar Mason and also 
belongs to the Ancient Order of United Workmen and the Danish Brotherhood 
of America. He has never regretted coming to this country as he has risen to 
a position of prominence through utilizing the opportunities that he found here. 
He is thoroughly American in spirit and is one of the valued citizens of his 
adopted city. 



W. O. FOSTER. 



W. O. Foster, conducting business as a member of the Producers Milk Com- 
pany, with offices at No. 119 East Eighth street ni Waterloo, was born in Aigona, 
Iowa, in 1886, a son of James A. Foster, now a retired merchant of Burt, Iowa. 
The son acquired a public-school education in Kossuth county, Iowa, passing 
through consecutive grades until he became a high-school pupil. At the age of 
twenty-three years he started out in the business world on his own account, 
opening a cleaning and dyeing establishment, which he conducted for two years 
He was afterward connected with a business similar to that in which he is now 
engaged and ultimately he formed a partnership with his brother, Victor B., 
and organized the Producers Milk Company, which is now engaged in furnishing 
milk for the wholesale and retail trades. The company was organized in April, 
1914, and its capacity has been steadily increased until they now have one of 
the most extensive enterprises of the kind in Waterloo. Their plant is equipped 
with the most up-to-date machinery and their process is the latest method of 
pasteurizing milk. Theirs is the most sanitary plant of the kind in Waterloo 
and the milk v/hich they handle is all bottled, keeping it free from dust and 
other contaminating influences. The brothers conducted the business alone 
until October 21, 1914, when they merged their interests with those of the W. S. 
Bishop dairy and Mr. Bishop is now vice president of the company with \\\ O. 
Foster as president, treasurer and manager, and Victor B. Foster as secretary. 

In his political views W. O. Foster is a republican and keeps well informed 
on the questions and issues of the day and is ever ready to support his position 
by intelligent argument. He is a Mason, holding membership in the lodge, to 
the teachings of which he is loyal, recognizing the value of its beneficent purposes. 



J. B. HIGHLAND. 



The industrial activity of Waterloo finds a well known and worthy repre- 
sentative in J. B. Highland, who is superintendent of the Waterloo Gasoline 
Engine Company and as such is active in directing one of the important indus- 
trial enterprises of the city. He has made for himself a creditable name and 
place during the twelve years of his residence in AA^aterloo. He is an lowan by 
birth, training and preference, for he was born in Marion county in 1881 and 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 279 

remained there through the period of his boyhood and youth, acquiring his edu- 
cation in the public schools. On attaining man's estate he left his native county 
and made his way to Waterloo, where he entered the eniploy of the old Hackett 
& Daily Creamery Supply Company, remaining with them and their successors, 
the Iowa Dairy Separator Company, for six years. Subsequently he was with 
the Peerless Cream Separator Company for two years. He was also for two 
years again with the Iowa Dairy Separator Company and in May, 1910, he 
entered the service of the W^aterloo Gasoline Engine Company, of which he was 
made shop foreman, continuing in that capacity until September, 1912, when he 
was advanced to the position of superintendent of the plant, m which connec- 
tion he is now giving his attention to the management of the plant and those 
who work therein. His practical experience and broad knowledge Avell qualify 
him to carry on the work which is intrusted to him. 

In 1904 Mr. Highland married Miss Rosa L. Albert, of Waterloo, and they 
have become the parents of three children, Wilson, Paul and Lillian. Mrs. 
Highland is a granddaughter of Jacob W. Leeper, who was one of the pioneer 
settlers of Black Haw^k county, arriving here about 1850. Mr. Highland is a 
member of the Walnut Street Baptist church and his has been a well spent, 
active and useful life, bringing to him a measure of success that is gratifying 
for one of his years. 



F. A. CARSON. 



F. A. Carson is superintendent of the Prudential Insurance Company for 
W'aterloo and this district and has his offices in the First National Bank building. 
He is a native of Hamilton county, Indiana, and a son of D. A. Carson, well 
known as one of the oldtime contractors and house builders of Nobles ville, 
Indiana, where he has conducted business for thirty years. His wife is also 
living. In their family were two children, the daughter, Anna, being now the 
wife of George Gibble, who resides on a farm near Noblesville, Indiana. No 
deaths have occurred in the family since F. A. Carson was bom. 

The last named is indebted to the public-school system of his native state for 
the educational privileges which he enjoyed. In early life he learned the car- 
penter's trade with his father, who was a skilled workman and carefully and 
wisely directed the labors of the son. During the winter months when building 
operations were suspended he worked as a clerk in the stores and thus continued 
until April, 1902, when he became agent for the Prudential Insurance Company 
at Noblesville, Indiana. He had control of a municipal township surrounding 
the city and after eighteen months he was promoted to the position of assistant 
superintendent. In 1909 he was chosen as superintendent of the Waterloo dis- 
trict, which mcludes the northern and eastern sections of Iowa. He opened up 
this territory for the company, being its first representative in this part of the 
state, and here he has since continued. He has one of the three district offices 
in the state. The average business deposits of this office are about thirteen 
thousand dollars per month, or about one hundred and fifty-six thousand dollars 
annually. Mr. Carson has been located in Waterloo for six years and under his 



280 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

supervision this district has become one of the leading districts in proportional 
results in the United States and Canada. Mr. Carson devotes his undivided 
attention to the interests of the Prudential Insurance Company, which handles 
only life insurance. 

In 1890 occurred the marriage of Mr. Carson and Miss Armilda E. Harrison, 
a daughter of Nelson Harrison, of Noblesville, Indiana, who is a retired fai-mer. 
In his family were five daughters and two sons, all of whom are yet living. 
Mr. and Mrs. Carson have become the parents of two children : Myrlea A., 
born in 1908 ; and Wilbur A., in December, 1909. The family adheres to the 
faith of the United Presbyterian church and Mr. Carson holds membership with 
the Knights of Pythias of Waterloo and the Red Men and Haymakers of 
Noblesville, Indiana. He has made steady progress since starting out in the 
business world on his own account, his ability, energy and determination having 
led him into important relations. 



PETER W. KNIPP. 



Peter W . Knipp, a representative and successful agriculturist of Cedar tovvn- 
.ship, owns one hundred and eighty-two acres of land on section 34 in associa- 
tion with his father, the property being known as the Miller Creek Stock Farm. 
His birth occurred in Neunkirchen, Germany, on the 9th of September, 1872, 
his parents being William and Anna M. (Schmitz) Knipp. who are also natives 
of that place. The father, who followed farming in Germany, brought his 
family to the United States and in 1881 located in Peru, Illinois. A short time 
later he came to Black Hawk county, Iowa, cultivating rented land in Cedar 
township for one year, on the expiration of which period he purchased a house 
and lot in Washburn and there made his home until 1889. In that year the family 
removed to Arkansas but after a brief period went to Troy Grove, Illinois, and 
remained in that state for a time. Subsequently they returned to Washburn, 
Iowa, where William Knipp erected a residence and worked on the section for 
the old Burlington, Cedar Rapids & Northern Railroad, now belonging to the Rock 
Island Railway Company. At the end of fifteen years he severed his connection 
with the corporation and rented a farm in Poyner township, Black Hawk county, 
operating the place for four years. On the expiration of that period, in asso- 
ciation with his son Peter, he purchased their present farm of one hundred and 
eighty-two acres on section 34, Cedar township, which they improved and in 
the operation of which they have been busily engaged to the present lime. Wil- 
liam Knipp is now seventy-three years of age, while his wife has reached the 
age of seventy-one, and both are well known and highly esteemed throughout 
the community as people of genuine personal worth and upright, honorable lives. 

Peter W. Knipp was a lad of eight years when he accompanied his parents 
on their emigration to the new world and his education, begun in the schools of 
Germany, was continued in this county. Subsequently he worked with his 
father on the railroad for five years, and the interests of father and son have 
always been identical. Peter W. Knipp purchased his present farm in connec- 
tion with his father, though the property is in his own name. It has been known 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 281 

as the Barnes Lake Poultry Farm but is now styled the Miller Creek "Stock 
Farm. Mr. Knipp makes a specialty of thoroughbred Guernsey cattle, Duroc 
Jersey hogs and Rhode Island Red chickens and in his undertakings as an agri- 
culturist has won a most gratifying and well merited measure of prosperity. 
He has taken particular interest in the growing of alfalfa. He is a stockholder 
in the Gilbertville Dairy Association, operating a creamery at Gilbertville, and 
was one of its directors several years. 

On the 22d of May, 1900, Mr. Knipp was united in marriage to Miss Cather- 
ine Amfahr, a daughter of William and Anna (Renter) Amfahr, the former a 
native of Illinois and the latter of Germany. William Amfahr took up his abode 
among the pioneer settlers of Eagle township, Black Hawk county, Iowa, and 
there carried on farming continuously and successfully until the time of his 
retirement in September, 191 3. He is now living retired in Jesup, Iowa, at the 
age of fifty-seven years, but his wife passed away December 2, 1910. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Knipp have been born five children, namely : William ; Annie ; Regina 
and Christina, twins ; and Lawrence. 

In his political views Mr. Knipp is a stanch democrat and at the present 
time holds the office of justice of the peace in Cedar township, having made a 
most commendable record in that capacity during the past four years. He has 
also served as school director, and the cause of education finds in him a stalwart 
champion. He belongs to the Catholic Order of Foresters and is a devout com- 
municant of the Catholic church. Mr. Knipp has been carried forward into 
important relations with agricultural interests of his locality, and his personal 
characteristics have gained him the lasting regard of those with whom he has 
come in contact. 



CLAUDE O. FIKE. 



Claude O. Fike is engaged in the general real-estate business, handling city 
I)roperty in Waterloo and farm lands in various sections of this country and in 
Canada. He has secured a good clientage and the substantial and continued 
growth of his busuiess is indicative of the enterprising methods which he fol- 
lows. He was born in Black Hawk county, near Waterloo, June 30, 1890, a son 
of Emanuel and Ella (Hill) Fike, who are also natives of this county and repre- 
sentatives of early pioneer families. The father made farming his life work 
and continued to engage actively in that pursuit until 1913, when he removed to 
Waterloo, where he is now living practically retired, enjoying in well earned 
rest the fruits of his former toil. To him and his wife were born five children 
but they lost their eldest in infancy. The others are : Nira, the wife of George 
Benedict, a farmer residing south of Waterloo ; Claude O., of this review ; Ethel, 
the wife of Clarence Benedict, who is engaged in the vulcanizing business in 
Waterloo ; and Gladys, at home. 

Reared upon the old homestead farm, Claude O. Fike divided his time be- 
tween the work of the fields and attendance at the country schools. He con- 
tinued to assist his father until nineteen years of age, after which he spent a 
year in travel in the western states. At the age of twenty-one he began farming 



282 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

on his own account in Black Hawk county and devoted the succeeding two years 
to that pursuit, at the end of which time he became a member of the firm of 
Marshall & Fike, now engaged in the general real-estate business in Waterloo. 
They handle their own property and also real estate belonging to others and 
operate in Iowa and other western states and in Canada. They sell both farm 
lands and city property and have negotiated a number of important realty trans- 
fers in Waterloo. Mr. Fike has made a close study of the business and is well 
acquainted with the property upon the market. He has been able to assist many 
clients in making judicious investments and profitable sales and his own success 
has accrued therefrom. 

On the 1st of January, 191 1, Mr. Fike was united in marriage to Miss Eliza- 
beth Marshall, a native of Waterloo and a daughter of George and Efifie (Mc- 
Dowell) Marshall, both of whom were born in Waterloo, in Avhich city the 
father engaged for many years in the grocery business. He also spent a num- 
ber of years as a traveling salesman and in early life he devoted his attention to 
farming. In 1912 he turned his attention to the real-estate business and in 
1913 was joined by Mr. Fike in the present partnership, under the firm style of 
Marshall & Fike. To Mr. and Mrs. Fike has been born a daughter, Elinore 
Denile, whose birth occurred January 20, 1912. The parents are well known 
in Waterloo, having practically spent their entire lives in Black Hawk county, 
and the hospitality of many of the best homes of the city is freely accorded 
them. Mr. Fike gives his political allegiance to the republican party but the 
honors and emoluments of office have had no attraction for him, as he has 
always preferred to concentrate his energies upon his business afifairs, and what 
he has undertaken has brought to him a substantial measure of success. 



W. H. BURK. 



W. H. Burk is the auditor and treasurer of the Waterloo, Cedar Falls & 
Northern Railroad. He came to this city in January, 1910, to enter upon his 
present connection and his service has been highly satisfactory to those whom 
he represents. He was born in St. Paul, Minnesota, in November, 1873, and 
was educated in the schools there. 

Mr. Burk entered the employ of the St. Paul & Duluth Railroad Company, 
now a part of the Northern Pacific system, and was with that road for three 
years. For a time he was assistant cashier of the freight department. After- 
ward he was appointed agent of the Canada Atlantic Railway and still later 
was made northwestern agent of the Canada Atlantic Transit Company, with 
which he remained for eight years, during which period he worked his way 
upward to a position of importance and responsibility. He afterward became 
commercial agent for the Chicago Great Western Railway and was located at 
Minneapolis for five months, at the end of which time he was sent to Boston, 
Massachusetts, acting as New England agent for the road and continuing at 
that point for a year and a half. He was next sent to New York city as gen- 
eral eastern agent, which position he resigned to become the auditor and treas- 
urer of the Waterloo, Cedar Falls & Northern Railroad. Each change that he 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 283 

has made has been one of advancement. He is president of the Cedar Valley 
Construction Company and is a director of the Iowa Real Estate & Investment 
Company in addition to his connection with railway interests. 

In September, 1908, Mr. Biirk was married to Miss Zathoe Cass, a daughter 
of L. S. Cass, president of the Waterloo, Cedar Falls & Northern Railroad Com- 
pany. They have become the parents of three children, Louis Stephen Cass, 
Richard Jamar and Elizabeth Mary. 

Mr. Burk and his family are members of the Sacred Heart church and he 
holds membership with the Knights of Columbus and with the Catholic Club of 
New York. He is also a member of the New York Athletic Club, while in 
Waterloo he is a member of the Commercial Club and Board of Trade, and 
also of the Town Criers Club. Much of his life has been spent in the middle 
west and he is imbued with the spirit of enterprise and progress which has led 
to the rapid development and upbuilding of this section of the country. 



LOUIS E. RICE. 



Louis E. Rice is the president of the Rice & Dayton Manufacturing Com- 
pany, Incorporated, of Cedar Falls, and as such occupies a leading position in 
business circles of the town. He was born in Independence, Iowa, on the 3d of 
April, 1875, a son of Henry P. and Lavina E. (Grout) Rice. The father was a 
native of the state of New York and was but seven years of age when he came 
to Iowa with his father, Henry Rice, Sr., who located on a farm in Black Hawk 
county which he entered from the government. This was in the year 1852. He 
at once began to break the sod and turn the furrows in the development of the 
fields and in time made his one of the valuable farms of the district. The town 
of Raymond is now situated thereon. Henry P. Rice, Jr., was reared upon that 
place and at the outbreak of the Civil war enlisted for active service with the 
Union army, with which he remained until the close of hostilities. He then 
returned home and soon afterward was married in Independence. Through 
the succeeding fifteen years he lived upon a farm near Independence and in 
1 89 1 he returned to Black Hawk county, purchasing a tract of land in Union 
township, seven miles northwest of Cedar Falls, where he still resides, being 
numbered among the well-to-do and highly respected farmers of that locality. 

In the acquirement of his education Louis E. Rice attended both the district 
schools and the city schools of Independence and when about sixteen years of 
age he entered upon an apprenticeship at the gunsmith's trade. In 1891 he 
came to Cedar Falls and opened a small shop for the sale of bicycles and general 
repair work, his tools consisting of little more than a screwdriver and a monkey 
wrench. He developed this small business up to a point where he had one of 
the finest sporting goods stores in this section of the state. About 1905 G. R. 
Dayton was admitted to a partnership under the firm name of Rice & Dayton. 
They continued the business until 1908 and then sold their stock of sporting 
goods in order to engage in the manufacture of vulcanizers and other auto 
specialties. Again they started out on a small scale but their business developed 
rapidly and they gradually drifted into the wholesale field, handling automobile 



284 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

supplies, tools and electrical specialties. In January, 191 1, the company was 
incorporated under the laws of Iowa and immediately following their incorpora- 
tion they began the erection of their modern business building, which is sixty- 
four by one hundred feet. They occupy two floors of this building and have a 
welding department in a separate building. The plant is adequate to supply and 
equip any garage with a complete workshop and outfit. Their business has be- 
come one of the most important industrial plants of Black Hawk county. 

In 1900 Air. Rice was united in marriage to Miss Mary Waugh, of Cedar 
Falls. They are members of the Presbyterian church and are highly esteemed 
wherever known. Mr. Rice deserves much credit for what he has accomplished. 
He has embraced opportunities which others have passed heedlessly by and as 
the years have gone on he has made a creditable record, not only on account of 
his success but also owing to the straightforward business policy he has ever 
followed. 



RJCHARD LEE. 



Richard Lee, optometrist and jeweler of Waterloo, has ever held to high 
business standards and each forward step in his career has brought him a 
broader outlook and wider opportunities. He was born in Davis county, Iowa, 
in 1862, a son of Joseph K. and Sarah Lee, who about 1865 left Davis county 
and went to Des Moines, Iowa, where the father conducted what was known as 
the old Skinner Plow & Implement Factory for a number of years. At the end 
of that period he purchased a farm near the city of Des Moines and continued 
its cultivation until his retirement from active business. At length, having 
acquired a handsome competence as a result of his industry, determination and 
capable management, he retired from active business and took up his abode in 
Madrid, where both he and his wife spent their remaining days, the father 
passing away at the age of eighty-six years and the mother at the age of eighty. 
In their family were fourteen children, of whom four have passed away. 

Richard Lee acquired his education largely in the schools of Polk county, 
Iowa, and later pursued a special course in business college and afterward at- 
tended an optical college in Chicago, from which he was graduated in the class 
of 1897. He remained at home until sixteen years of age, after which he earned 
his own living and also paid his way through school. About the time he attained 
his majority he took up watchmaking and engraving with E. C. Pike, of Boone, 
Iowa. This was his first experience in connection with the jeweler's trade. 
After a short time he embarked in business on his own account at Madrid, Iowa, 
where he remained for two years. He next removed to Sioux City, where he 
conducted a watchmaking and general repair work business for two years. At 
the end of that time he went to Grafton, North Dakota, and afterward estab- 
lished his home m Sioux Falls, South Dakota, where he made a specialty of 
optical work, receiving a large patronage from the residents of Sioux Falls and 
the surrounding country. After five years he removed to Sioux City, Iowa, 
and for a brief period was connected with the C. N. Clark Jewelry Company. 
Still later he conducted an optical business on his own account in Sioux City, 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 285 

drawing his trade from a wide territory, and in 1896 he came to Waterloo, 
opening a store on Fourth street. There he remained until 191 1, when he re- 
moved to Fifth street, opening the first jewelry store on that thoroughfare. 

Mr. Lee conducts a general jewelry business, doing manufacturing and repair 
work and carrying one of the most complete stocks of jewelry handled in this 
city, including diamonds, watches, jewelry of all kinds, cut glass and optical 
goods. His establishment is most attractive by reason of the large stock and 
its tasteful arrangement. Every efifort is put forth to please customers and the 
business methods of the house are such as will bear the closest investigation and 
scrutinv. Mr. Lee also does a wholesale business in selling material to other 
jewelers of Waterloo and throughout the state. He is likewise an expert en- 
graver. His business enterprise has prompted his connection with other interests 
and he is now a stockholder in the Phillesola banana plantation of Mexico and 
has stock in the Waverly Brewery. He also owns mining stock in two copper 
mines in Montana and Idaho. His investments have been judiciously made and 
success in considerable measure has attended his efforts. 

In 1887 Mr. Lee was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Page, a native of 
Canada but born of English parentage. Her father, mother and other relatives 
still live at St. Thomas, Canada, and in that section of the country. Mr. and 
Mrs. Lee have become parents of a son, Faye Cecil, who was born in 1892. He 
attended the high school at Waterloo, is a graduate of the Waterloo College of 
Commerce of the class of 1910 and is now following his father's line of business. 
He has made a study of optometry as a profession and has gained notable skill 
in optical work. He married Miss Frances Rittler, a native of Iowa and a 
daughter of H. W. and Lettie Rittler. They were married in 1912 and now 
reside at Faith, South Dakota. 

Mr. Lee is a very prominent Mason. He has become a Knight Templar of 
the York Rite and is a Noble of the Mystic Shrine. He is likewise connected 
with the Knights of Pythias and with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. 
The record which the American citizen holds in highest honor is that of a self- 
made man. Such is the life history of Richard Lee, who at the age of sixteen 
years started out upon his own account and has advanced steadily step by step, 
his determination and even paced energy carrying him into important relations. 
He has never overestimated his own capacities and powers nor overvalued his 
opportunities; on the contrary his judgment is sound and through well formu- 
lated plans carried carefully forward to successful completion he has gained for 
himself the prominent position which he now occupies as a business man of 
Waterloo. 



H. W. FLINT. 



H. W. Flint is a leading commercial and portrait photographer of Waterloo. 
He has mastered all of the intricacies of the art and the excellence of his work 
insures to him a liberal patronage. He was born in Chatham, Ontario, Canada, 
on the 4th of April, 1879, ^ son of William and Rose (Clift) Flint, both of 
whom were natives of England, in which country they were reared. It was 



286 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

after they crossed the Atlantic to Canada, however, that they were married, the 
wedding being celebrated in Chatham. There the father engaged in the tailor- 
ing business until 1888, when he crossed the border into the United States and 
made his way to Eagle Grove, Iowa. Subsequently he removed to Ames, where 
he now resides, and he is still actively engaged in the tailoring business, to which 
he has devoted his entire life. 

H. W. Flint spent the first nine years of his life in his native country and 
then accompanied his parents to this state. His education was largely acquired 
in the Des Moines and Eagle Grove public schools and in Bowen's Business 
College of Des Moines. Following the completion of his course he took up the 
study of photography in the gallery of Tom James, of Des Moines, with whom 
he remained for three years, becoming familiar with all the mechanical processes 
connected with the business and largely developing his artistic skill and dis- 
crimination. He next entered the gallery of T. W. Townsend of Iowa City, 
with whom he also continued for three years, and in 1902 he came to Waterloo, 
where he opened a studio in the old Phelps building. In 1908 he removed to the 
Bunt building at the corner of ^^'est Park avenue and Commercial street, where 
he now occupies a commodious and pleasant suite of rooms. His studio is 
splendidly equipped in every particular and he has always kept in touch with 
the most advanced scientific methods and processes of photography and at the 
same time he is a close student of those artistic phases of the business which 
find expression in effects of pose, light and shade. His work is indeed artistic 
and his business is growing year by year. 

Mr. Flint was married in Iowa City in 1901 to Miss Clara M. Tanner, of 
Iowa City, a daughter of Frank Tanner, former postmaster of Iowa City and 
one of the prominent business men there. Mr. and Mrs. Flint have become 
parents of a daughter, Alene T. Mr. Flint belongs to Waterloo Lodge, No. 
290, B. P. O. E., and to Helmet Lodge, No. 89, K. P. In politics he is an 
earnest republican and he and his wife are members of the Episcopal church, 
in which he is serving as vestryman. His has been a well spent life and the 
many sterling traits of his character have won for him the high regard and 
confidence of all who know him. Because of the innate refinement of his nature 
he rejects everything opposed to good taste and the high ideals which he cherishes 
in his business and in citizenship find embodiment in practical effort for their 
adoption. 



DR. S. BRUCE GALLOWAY. 

Dr. S. Bruce Galloway, who for three years has engaged in the practice of 
naprapathy in Waterloo, meeting with substantial and well deserved success, is 
a native of Ringgold county. Iowa, born in 1888. His more specifically literary 
education was acquired in Monmouth College at Monmouth, Illinois, and then 
in preparation for a professional career he entered the Chicago College of 
Naprapathy, where he pursued the regular course. He also took post-graduate 
work in the National College of Medicine in Chicago in 1912. Immediately 
after preparing for the profession he located in Waterloo, where he has since 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 287 

engaged in the practice of naprapathy, which deals with the treatment of the 
nerves and ligaments of the body. He has a comprehensive knowledge of 
anatomy and the component parts of the human body and is thus able by scien- 
tific methods to so treat his patients that splendid results are achieved. He is 
now president of the Waterloo Drug Company and he is regarded as one of 
the alert and progressive young professional men of the city. He is most care- 
ful and conscientious in the performance of his professional duties and by 
reason thereof has built up an extensive and well deserved practice. He has 
also become well known socially during the three years of his residence in the 
city and has gained the warm friendship of many with whom he has been 
brought in contact. 



ARTHUR E. BICKNELL. 

In musical circles of Cedar Falls the name of Arthur E. Bicknell figures 
prominently, for he is well known as a teacher and also as proprietor of a music 
store, dealing in pianos, players and other merchandise of that character. He 
was born in Lewiston, Maine, June 3, 1863, and is a son of Samuel F. and 
Elizabeth (Burnham) Bicknell, both of whom have now passed away. The 
father was engaged in the wholesale and retail grocery business, spending the 
greater part of his life in Salem, Massachusetts, where he removed at an early 
day. Neither he nor his wife ever came to the west to reside. 

Reared in Salem, Massachusetts, Arthur E. Bicknell attended the public 
schools and remained under the parental roof until he attained his majority. 
Attracted by the opportunities offered to young men in the growing west, he 
then left New England and, severing home ties, made his way to Iowa, arriving 
in Cedar Falls m 1889. Since then he has figured prominently in musical circles 
in this city. He has engaged in teaching music, to which he still devotes part 
of his time, and he is conducting a growing and profitable business as a dealer 
in pianos, players and other musical instruments. He is likewise the owner of 
valuable farm lands, devoting a portion of his time to the management of his 
real-estate holdings. He is also a stockholder in the Wagner Manufacturing 
Company and thus has become an important factor in commercial and agri- 
cultural circles in his section of the county. 

On the 2 1st of October, 1891, Mr. Bicknell was united in marriage to Miss 
Mary Elizabeth Van Tilburg, who was born near Finchford, Butler county, 
Iowa, a daughter of Flarvey H. and INIargaret (McCarty) Van Tilburg, who 
were natives of Pennsylvania and came to Iowa at an early period in its de- 
velopment. They first settled at Cedar Falls and afterward removed to a farm, 
becoming residents of Butler county. Later they again took up their abode in 
Cedar Falls, where the father now resides, living retired. The mother, however, 
has passed away. He served as a soldier of the Civil war and is now one of 
the honored Union veterans. Mrs. Bicknell was one of a family of six children 
and acquired her education in the schools of Cedar Falls. Mr. Bicknell has one 
child by a former marriage, Karl A., who was bom October 12, 1887, and is 



288 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

now a resident of Charlotte, North CaroHna, where he is in charge of the dye 
stuffs in a business of that character of extensive proportions. 

Mr. Bicknell is a member of Black Hawk Lodge, No. 65, A. F. <^- A. M. ; 
Valley Chapter, No. 20, R. A. AL ; Commandery No. 11, K. T.. of Cedar Falls, 
Iowa; Iowa Consistory, No. 2; and El Kahir Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S.. of 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa. In politics he is a republican with independent tendencies 
but the honors and emoluments of office have little attraction for him as he has 
always preferred to devote his attention to his business affairs and investments, 
which have been carefuliy managed and have brought to him a gratifying return. 



D. W. BO\'EE. 



Industrial activity in Waterloo fmds a worthy representative in D. W. Bovee, 
who is president and treasurer of the Bovee Furnace Company, which was in- 
corporated in 1896. The secretary of the company is A. C. Bovee and the busi- 
ness is capitalized for twenty-five thousand dollars. This is a close corporation 
and there is a reserve fund of fifty thousand dollars. It was in the year 1894 
that D. W'. Bovee, who is a native of Wisconsin, arrived in Waterloo and 
through the intervening period to the present he has been actively and success- 
fully connected with business affairs. 

A year after his arrival in Waterloo he established his present business and 
has won success from the beginning in the manufacture of hot air furnaces, 
feed mills and other devices. The output finds favor with the public as is indi- 
cated by the growing patronage. They employ about thirty people annually 
and handle their output through retail dealers. The Bovee furnaces have a 
national reputation and are shipped in large numbers into practically every 
state in the Union. This is but one phase of ^Ir. Bovee's business enterprise 
and indicates but one feature in the success whicli has made him one of the 
prosperous residents of Waterloo. He has made extensive and judicious in- 
vestments in real estate and now has about sixty lots in the business district of 
the city together with a numljcr of residence properties, from which he derives 
a substantial annual income. 

In 1873 ^^^- Bovee was united in marriage to Miss Anna Palmer, of Wis- 
consin, and they have become the parents of two children: Lulu, now the wife 
of D. L. Morrow, of Waterloo ; and Helen, who is a senior in the high school. 
The elder daughter was graduated from the West Waterloo high school and 
then entered the Teachers College at Cedar Falls, in which she completed her 
course, while later she was graduated from the Waterloo Business College. 

Mr. Bovee is a member of the United Brethren church and is serving on 
the official board. He takes an active interest in the work of the church, con- 
tributes generously to its support and does all in his power to advance its 
interests. He also has membership in the Chamber of Commerce and Waterloo 
Club, of which he has been a member from its organization. His name is like- 
wise on the membership roll of the Town Criers Club. In the years of his 
residence in Waterloo he has become well known as a representative of that class 
of enterprising, progressive citizens who are bringing about the substantial and 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 289 

rapid upbuilding of the west. Early in his career he recognized the eternal 
principle of industry and throughout his entire career his industry has been the 
strong foundation upon which he has builded his prosperity. It also has been 
well said that integrity is the cornerstone of his character. 



E. B. FOSS. 



E. B. Foss is proprietor of the Rural Home Stock Farm, situated on section 
26, Big Creek township. He was born in Illinois in July, 1853, a son of B. V. 
and Elizabeth (Gray) Foss, who were natives of New Hampshire and New 
Brvinswick respectively. In early life the father went to Illinois, casting in his 
lot with the pioneer settlers of that state, and again he became connected with 
pioneer life when in 1855 he arrived in Black Hawk county, where he carried 
on farming for three years. At the end of that time he returned to Illinois and 
again engaged in farming in that state until 1871, when he once more came to 
Black Hawk county. At that date he purchased land near La Porte City, in 
Big Creek township, and at once began to improve and develop the place, con- 
tinuing its cultivation until his death, which occurred in January, 1904. He 
had survived his wife for almost a year, her death having occurred in February, 
1903. 

E. B. Foss spent the days of his boyhood and youth in Illinois and in Black 
Hawk county, remaining with his parents until he attained his majority. He 
was content to follow the occupation to which he had been reared and rented 
land for four years, during which time he carefully saved his earnings, so that 
he was able to purchase eighty acres in Big Creek township. This he at once 
began to cultivate and further improve, remaining upon that farm until 1889, 
when he sold out and bought two hundred acres on section 26, where he now 
resides. To his holdings he added from time to time, thus extending the 
boundaries of his farm until he now owns four hundred acres of fine land on 
which are two sets of excellent farm buildings, all erected by him. He has 
operated his farm in most systematic, practical and progressive manner, keeping 
in touch with modern methods and using the latest improved machinery to 
facilitate the work of the fields. In connection with the tilling of the soil he 
engages in stock-raising, making a specialty of Duroc-Jersey hogs and shorthorn 
cattle. 

In February, 1876, Mr. Foss was united in marriage to Miss Ida P. Finch, 
a daughter of Richard and Catherine (Pray) Finch, who were natives of Bath, 
England, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, respectively. The father was a car- 
riage maker by trade, but after coming to Black Hawk county in 1867 turned 
his attention to farming, which he followed for eight years. On the expiration 
of that period he returned to the east and purchased a fruit farm in New Jersey 
upon which he spent his remaining days. He died in April, 1890, while his wife 
passed away in November, 1891. To Mr. and Mrs. Foss have been bom ten 
children, as follows : Clyde E., who is a resident of Webster, South Dakota ; 
Amy E., who passed away in April, 1914, leaving two children, Morris and 
Evelyn, who now make their home with our subject; Delbert R., whose demise 



290 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

occurred in July, 1881 ; Ray F., who died in September, 1898; Monte G., who 
cultivates one hundred and eighty acres of his father's farm; and Glenn R., 
Floy E., Shelby W., Ralph R. and Alan B., all at home. 

Mr, Foss exercises his right of franchise in support of the men and measures 
of the republican party and has been called to some local offices. He served as 
assessor of his township for a number of years and at the election of November, 
1914, was chosen a trustee. He never falters in the performance of his political 
duties and is actuated at all times by a desire to advance the public welfare. 
His religious belief is that of the Methodist church and to its teachings he is 
loyal, his life being in consistent harmony therewith. 



RALPH B. SLIPPY. 



Ralph B. Slippy, of Waterloo, who has attained high rank in the profession 
of civil engineering, has also various other business interests and connections in 
Black Hawk county. So extensive and important are his business affairs that his 
efforts are counted as a tangible asset in the material upbuilding of the city. He 
was bom at Reinbeck, Iowa, on the 21st of January, 1881, a son of William A. 
and Minnie J. (Young) Slippy, the former a native of Ohio and the latter of 
Iowa. In early life the father was a traveling salesman for a short time, but 
afterward entered the mercantile business, to which he devoted the greater part of 
his life until about 1906, when he became connected with insurance interests and 
is now head bookkeeper for the Iowa Manufacturers Insurance Company of 
Waterloo. While living in Reinbeck he served as mayor for one term and has 
ever been a public-spirited citizen, interested in measures and movements for 
the general good. 

Ralph B. Slippy is the eldest of five living children in a family which numbered 
twelve children. Among these he was the third in order of birth, but seven of the 
number have passed away, leaving him the eldest survivor. He was graduated 
from the Reinbeck high school with the class of 1898 and afterward entered 
Cornell College, in which he completed his course by graduation with the class of 
1903 with the degree of Bachelor of Civil Engineering. He won his professional 
degree of Civil Engineering from that institution in 1905. He was seven- 
teen years of age when he entered Cornell College, working his way through that 
institution, his desire for and determination to secure an education being an 
indication of the elemental strength of his character. He was engaged in survey- 
ing during the summer of 1903 and in the fall of that year he became connected 
with Armour Institute of Chicago, where he taught until February, 1904, when he 
entered the employ of the Muscatine Water Power Company at Muscatine, Iowa, 
with which he remained until April, 1904. He afterward engaged in the private 
practice of his profession in Waterloo for a year and at the end of that time became 
assistant engineer of the city of Waterloo, occupying that position until the fall 
of 1906. Through the four succeeding years he was instructor in civil engineering 
in the University of Illinois and he spent the summer vacation of 1907 as an 
active representative of his profession in Georgia, while the other three vacations 
during the period of his connection with the Illinois University were passed in 




EALPH B. SLIPPY 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 293 

Waterloo. He afterward became locating engineer for the Waterloo, Cedar Falls 
& Northern Railroad Company, with which he continued until the spring of 191 1, 
since which time he has engaged in the general practice of civil engineering in 
Waterloo. In 1912 he also turned his attention to the automobile business which 
he conducts under the name of the Interstate Motor Car Company. Extending 
his efforts over a still wider field, he organized, in 1914, the Waverly Stone & 
Gravel Company, of which he is the president and general manager, operating 
a gravel pit and stone crusher at Waverly. His business interests, extensive and 
varied, are of the utmost importance to the communities in which he operates, 
for he is a man of determined purpose and carries forward to successful com- 
pletion whatever he undertakes. 

On the 23d of December, 1903, Mr. Slippy was united in marriage to Miss 
Georgiana Vine Newton, who was born in La Porte City, Iowa, a daughter of 
M. L. and Sophia (Berry) Newton, both of whom were natives of Illinois, born 
near Freeport. They came to Iowa in the early "70s. settling in La Porte City, 
where they were married. The father was a civil engineer and served in his 
professional capacity at Waterloo and was also county surveyor of Black Hawk 
county, while at the time of his death he was consulting engineer for the Waterloo, 
Cedar Falls & Northern Railroad Company. He passed away in January, 191 1, 
while his widow still resides in Waterloo. Mrs. Slippy is their only surviving 
child. 

Mr. Slippy belongs to Waterloo Lodge, No. 105, A. F. & A. M.. of which he 
was the senior warden in 1914; Tabernacle Chapter, No. 52, R. A. M., of which 
he was high priest in 191 3 ; and Crescent Council, No. 16, R. & S. M., of which he 
was captain of the guard in 1914. His religious faith is indicated in his member- 
ship in the Grace Methodist Episcopal church. In politics he is a republican, but 
with independent tendencies, and has never been a politician in the sense of office 
seeking. He served, however, as deputy county surveyor, as assistant city engi- 
neer and is the present weather observer, taking on the duties of the latter position 
voluntarily. He belongs to the Iowa Engineering Society and is serving on its 
committee on roads and pavements. He has made continuous advancement in his 
profession and along business lines and his worth, both as a business man and as 
a citizen, is widely acknowledged. He is actuated by laudable ambition that 
urges him on constantly toward greater efficiency and larger attainment. 



ANTON BURGER. 



Anton Burger is a member of the firm of A. Burger & Son. dealers in flour 
and feed in Waterloo. He was born in the Rhine province of Germany on the 
9th of March, 1866, his parents being Anton and Catherine (Gippert) Burger, 
both of whom passed away in Germany. Through the period of his boyhood 
days spent under the parental roof the son attended the public schools and on 
reaching early manhood engaged in agency work. In 1885 he entered the Ger- 
man army, in which he served for three years, and subsequently he engaged 
in the insurance business in the Cologne district of Germany. He was identi- 
fied with that business for eight years and then, hoping to find still broader 

Vol. II— 16 



294 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

business opportunities in the new world, he crossed the Atlantic to the United 
States and in 1897 took up his abode upon a farm near Jesup, Iowa. For about 
a year and a half Air. Burger was employed as a farm hand and for the same 
period worked as a clerk in a general store in Jubilee. Subsequently he engaged 
in farming on his own account, cultivating rented land in Black Hawk and 
Fayette counties for about ten years, during which time his financial resources 
gradually increased as the result of his industry, enterprise and judicious expen- 
diture. Having thus acquired a substantial capital, he bought the flour and 
feed business of Knipp & Roth, of Waterloo, in 1910 and thus became a factor 
in the business circles of this city. Through the intervening four years to the 
present time he has become prominently known as a business man of Waterloo 
and is at the head of an extensive trade in his line. 

In 1887. in Cologne, Germany, Mr. Burger was united in marriage to Miss 
Eva Pruemmer, and unto them have been born three children: Catherine, the 
wife of Frank Manske, a resident of Waterloo ; John, who is his father's partner 
in business under the firm name of A. Burger & Son; and Anna, who is still 
attending school. The parents hold membership in the Catholic church, in which 
faith they have reared their children. 

Mr. Burger also belongs to the Fraternal Order of Eagles and his political 
allegiance is given to the democratic party. He has never had occasion to 
regret his determination to come to the new world, for here he has found the 
business opportunities which he sought and which, by the way, are always open 
to ambitious, energetic young men. Gradually he has worked his way upward 
and, although he started out in life in America practically empty-handed, he is 
now at the head of a substantial and growing business, which is the visible evi- 
dence of his life of thrift and industry. 



GAYLORD R. DAYTON. 

Gaylord R. Dayton is a well known and successful representative of business 
interests in Cedar Falls as the vice president of the Rice & Dayton Manufactur- 
ing Company, a concern with which he became identified in 1906. His birth 
occurred in Martinsburg, Ohio, on the 13th of November, 1870, his parents be- 
ing Martin N. and Sarah (Bowland) Dayton, the former a native of Danville, 
Knox county, Ohio, and the latter of Knoxville, that state. Their marriage 
was celebrated in the Buckeye state, where Alartin N. Dayton was for several 
years engaged in merchandising at Martinsburg. On the ist of March. 1871, 
he came west to Iowa, locating in Cedar Falls, where he purchased an interest 
in the mill being operated by J. E. Rhodes, forming the Rhodes & Dayton Mill- 
ing Company. Subsequently he was one of the organizers of the Waterloo & 
Cedar Falls Union Alills Company and for years acted as its president. He con- 
tinued his active participation in the conduct of the mill until the time of his 
death, which occurred on the i8th of January, 1899, when he had attained the 
age of sixty-five years. He enjoyed an enviable reputation as one of the fore- 
most business men of Black Hawk county and it was largely through his capable 
business management that the Waterloo S: Cedar Falls Milling Company became 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 295 

one of the most successful industries in this section of the state. When he 
associated himself with the enterprise it was freely predicted by his friends that 
he would lose all his money, for it had previously been an unprofitable under- 
taking. His political allegiance was given to the republican party and for several 
years he served as a member of the Cedar Falls city council. Mrs. Dayton still 
survives at the advanced age of eighty-four years and resides in the handsome 
family residence on the corner of Sixth and Main streets in Cedar Falls. She is 
a devoted member of the Presbyterian church, to which Mr. Dayton also be- 
longed, and in the work of which he took a very active and helpful part, serving 
for many years in the capacity of trustee. 

Gaylord R. Dayton, brought to Cedar Falls in his infancy, was educated in 
the high school of this city and in 1890 entered the service of the Rock Island 
Railway Company. At the end of about a year, however, he went to Mankato, 
Minnesota, where he was employed in a hardware store for fifteen months. 
On the expiration of that period he returned to Cedar Falls and was here identi- 
fied with his father in the milling business until the latter's death. Subsequently 
his attention was given to the supervision of bis father's estate and in 1906 he 
purchased an interest in the sporting goods business of L. E. Rice, forming the 
firm of Rice & Dayton. In this connection he has won a gratifying and well 
merited measure of success and has become recognized as one of the substantial, 
enterprising and prosperous representatives of manufacturing interests in the 
city. . 

On the 26th of October, 1904. Mr. Dayton was united in marriage to Miss 
Alta B. Simpson, of Cedar Falls, her father being C. T. Simpson, a building 
contractor of this city. They now have one son, Martin N. Air. Dayton gives 
his political allegiance to the republican party, while his religious faith is that 
of the Presbyterian church, to which his wife also belongs. Practically his 
entire life has been spent in Cedar Falls and he has made many friends in both 
Dusiness and social circles. 



EDWIN T. JAYNES, M. D. 

Dr. Edwin T. Jaynes has been engaged in practice as a physician and surgeon 
of Waterloo since August, 1910, and is widely recognized as one of the fore- 
most representatives of the profession in the city. His birth occurred in La- 
monte, Missouri, on the 3d of December, 1869, his parents being Alfred T. and 
Lorinda J. (Gregory) Jaynes, both of whom are deceased. In the acquirement 
of his early education he attended the public schools and subsequently continued 
his studies in the Presbyterian University of South Dakota, then located at 
Pierre, which institution conferred upon him the degree of Bachelor of Science 
in 1891. 

In the fall of that year Dr. Jaynes began the study of medicine in Rush 
Medical College of Chicago, from which he was graduated with the class of 
1894. During the succeeding year he served as an interne in the Cook County 
Hospital and then located for practice at New Hartford, Butler county, Iowa, 
where he followed his profession continuously and successfully for thirteen 



296 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

years. On the expiration of that period he removed to Parkersburg, that county, 
and was there engaged in practice for two years or until August, 1910, when he 
came to Waterloo, which city has since remained the scene of his professional 
labors and where he has built up an extensive and gratifying patronage. In 
1905 he went to Europe for post-graduate work, pursuing special courses in 
internal medicine and pathology at Vienna. He moreover keeps in close touch 
with the progress of the profession through his membership in the Waterloo 
City Medical Society, the Black Hawk County Medical Society, the Iowa State 
Medical Society and the American Medical Association. 

In May, 1906, Dr. Jaynes was united in marriage to Miss Mabelle Ferguson, 
of New Hartford, Iowa, by whom he has three children, namely: Gertrude 
Helene, \'ernon Hewitt and Eileen. Fraternally he is identified with Waterloo 
Lodge of the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, Pythian Lodge of the 
Knights of Pythias and Waterloo Lodge, No. 105, A. F. & A. M., while both he 
and his wife belong to the Order of the Eastern Star. 



CHARLES H. PLUMMER. 

In the death of Charles H. Plummer, Black Hawk county lost a valued and 
representative citizen. He was filling the office of recorder of deeds and made 
an excellent record in that connection. His public and private duties were dis- 
charged with equal fidelity and promptness, and wherever known he was held 
in high regard because of his many excellent traits of character. 

Air. Plummer was a native of Michigan, his birth having occurred in Ontona- 
gon in i860. His parents were Daniel and Pauline Plummer, who came to this 
county after the Civil war, in which the father had served in the defense of 
the Union, holding the rank of captain. After removing to this state the parents 
Hved in Cedar Falls until 1894. The father had mining interests in Colorado 
which required his presence in that state a part of the time. He retired some 
years prior to his death and spent his remaining days in the enjoyment of the 
fruits of his former toil, passing away in Cedar Falls, where also occurred the 
death of his wife. In their family were ten children, five of whom are yet living. 

Charles H. Plummer was practically a lifelong resident of Black Hawk 
county, being a little lad when brought to Iowa by his parents. His education 
was acquired in the schools of this county, for he supplemented the work of 
the grades by study in the high school and in the normal school at Cedar Falls. 
Before his marriage he was identified for a number of years with the Yellow- 
stone Park Transportation Company and later he was identified with Jiis father 
in silver mining in Colorado. For ten years prior to his death he was inter- 
ested in coal lands at Monida, Idaho, and while developing and looking after his 
interests there he met with an accident which terminated his life ten years later. 

The capability which he displayed in his business afl:'airs and his recognized 
public spirit were the factors which led to his selection for public office. In 
igo6 he was made the republican nominee for the office of recorder of Black 
Hawk county and made such a creditable record that he was elected again and 
again until he had been chosen for the office for the fourth term and was acting 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 297 

in that capacity at the time of his demise. He also served as sergeant at arms 
in the lower house of the state legislature in Colorado. He ever regarded a 
public office as a public trust — and no trust reposed in Charles H. Plummer was 
ever betrayed in the slightest degree. 

In 1892 Mr. Plummer was united in marriage to Miss Sarah E. Eiler, a 
native of Waukesha, Wisconsin, and a daughter of Phillip and Fredericka 
Eiler, who came to Black Hawk county in 1868. Her father purchased land, 
began its development and continued to follow farming until he retired from 
active business life and took up his abode in Cedar Falls, where his remaining 
days were passed. He developed and at one time owned two hundred and sixty 
acres of rich and arable land near Cedar Falls, which he brought to a high state 
of cultivation and to which he added many modern improvements in the way 
of good buildings and farm machinery. His death occurred in 1883, while his 
wife, surviving him for more than two decades, passed away in 1906. They 
were the parents of six children, of whom three are yet living: George, who is 
now a resident of Appleton City, Missouri; Daniel, living at Ackley, Iowa; and 
Mrs. Plummer. Those who have passed away are Carrie, Louise and Phillip. 

By his first marriage Charles H. Plummer had a son, Frank, who was born 
in 1880. By the second marriage there were born two sons : Roger W., whose 
birth occurred in 1899 and who is now attending the high school; and Daniel C, 
who was born in 1904 and is a pupil in the public schools. 

The religious faith of the family is that of the Methodist Episcopal church 
and excellent traits of character have won for them high regard. Mr. Plummer 
was a member of the Knights of Pythias and of the American Yeomen. He 
died in the year 1913, while filling the ofifiice of county recorder, and his wife 
was appointed to fill out the unexpired term, in which position she continued 
luitil the 1st of January, 191 5. Through the long years of his residence in this 
county Mr. Plummer became widely known and his many substantial qualities 
gained for him the high regard, confidence and goodwill of those with whom he 
was brought in contact. In all of his business career he was never known to 
take advantage of the necessities of another and in his dealings was strictly 
fair and reliable. In office, too, he displayed the same spirit of fidelity and he 
was numbered among those citizens who at departing this life have left behind 
them an extensive circle of warm friends. He never sought to figure in any 
spectacular connection, and his life was at all times guided by high and manly 
principles, his course being one which at no time sought nor required disguise. 



J. CECIL BICKLEY, M. D. 

Dr. J- Cecil Bickley is engaged in the practice of medicine and surgery in 
Waterloo, in which city his birth occurred in 1883, he being a son of the veteran 
physician, John G. Bickley. Spending his youthful days under the parental 
roof, he began his education at the usual age in the public schools and passed 
through consecutive grades, advancing year by year until graduated from the 
East Waterloo high school with the class of 1903. Whether inherited tendency, 
natural predilection or environment had most to do with shaping his choice of a 



298 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

career, it is impossible to determine, yet when we regard his success it seems 
evident that nature intended him for the calling to which he is now devoting his 
life. 

Dr. Bickley's early professional training was received in Hahnemann Medical 
College of Chicago, in which he was a student for two years and later he entered 
the New York University Medical School, from which he was graduated with 
the M. D. degree in 1907. He spent a year and a half in the New York Surgical 
Institute, thus gaining broad knowledge, and, splendidly equipped for his pro- 
fession, he returned to Waterloo and became associated in practice with his 
father and brother. From the beginning his advancement in his professional career 
has been substantial and rapid. He went abroad and attended various European 
clinics, thus having opportunity to observe the advanced methods of some of 
the most eminent physicians and surgeons of the old world. On returning he 
resumed practice in W'aterloo and he is now attending physician to both of the 
hospitals of this city, having considerable hospital work in addition to his gen- 
eral practice. He is identified wath various medical organizations including the 
Waterloo, Black Hawk County, Austin Flint, Cedar \'alley and Iowa State 
Medical Societies. 

In June, 1908, Dr. Bickley was united in marriage to Miss OHie French, of 
Waterloo, and they have two children, John Wallace and Kathryne Evelyn. Dr. 
Bickley is a member of the Christadelphian church of Waterloo. He is indeed 
a well known citizen here, having spent his entire life in Black Hawk county 
save for periods of study in the east and in Europe. There were qualities 
which he displayed in boyhood which even then won him the friendship of the 
old as well as the young, and throughout his entire life these qualities have 
dominated his career, making him popular with his fellow townsmen, while his 
professional success has come to him as the just reward of ability and merit. 



JOHN LEMMER. 



John Lemmer has been identified with milling interests in Cedar Falls 
since August, 1880, and is now serving as superintendent of the mechanical 
department of the Waterloo & Cedar Falls Union Mill Company, a position for 
which ability and experience have well qualified him. He was born in Lee 
county, Iowa, October 5, 1858, a son of John and Mary (Breiner) Lemmer, 
the former a native of Bavaria, Germany, and the latter of Alsace, France. In 
early life the father was a machinist. He came to America in the early '50s, set- 
tling first in Chicago, whence a removal was made to Iowa, at which time he 
took up his abode upon a farm in Lee county. After devoting a period to 
farming he removed with his family to Keokuk and engaged in business in that 
city until his death, which occurred in 1864. His widow survived him for an 
extended period, passing away in 1888. 

They were the parents of three children, of whom John Lemmer is the 
eldest. He attended the schools of Keokuk and afterward was a student in a 
parochial school at West Point, Iowa. On leaving the southern part of the 
state in 1879, when twenty-one years of age, he went to Pottawattamie county, 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 299 

Iowa. He had previously learned the miller's trade and for a brief period fol- 
lowed that vocation in Pottawattamie county. He was afterward engaged in 
the same business at Nora Springs, Iowa, where he continued until midwinter 
of that year and then removed to Nashua. He followed milling in that place 
and also at Fort Madison, Iowa, prior to coming to Cedar Falls in 1880. Here 
he entered the employ of G. N. Miner in the milling business and remained with 
him until he sold out to the Cedar Falls Mill Company, with which he was con- 
nected until 1890. The business was then merged with the Cedar Falls Mill 
Company and Mr. Lemmer remained in the employ of the latter organization 
until 1901, when the Waterloo & Cedar Falls Union Mill Company was organ- 
ized. He has continued with the last named to the present and is now occupying 
the responsible position of superintendent of the mechanical department. He 
thoroughly understands the latest and most improved methods of flour pro- 
duction and keeps in touch with the advancement that is continually being made 
in the process of manufacturing flour. He devotes his entire time to the inter- 
ests of the company. He has also become a landowner in the states of South 
Dakota and Oklahoma and his investments have been judiciously made. 

On the 22d of April, 1884, Mr. Lemmer was united in marriage to Miss 
Elizabeth Foecke, a native of Lee county, Iowa, and a daughter of Gerhardt and 
Elizabeth (Sanders) Foecke, both of whom were natives of Hanover, Ger- 
many. The father came to the new world when a young man, landing at New 
Orleans and making his way up the Mississippi river to Galena, Illinois, from 
which point he walked to southern Iowa, at which time there was but one log 
house in what is now Cedar Rapids. He became a landowner and spent his 
remaining days in Lee county. He was married in this state and always fol- 
lowed farming as a life work. He died in the year 1894, while his wife sur- 
vived until 1910. Mr. and Mrs. Lemmer have become the parents of five chil- 
dren : Mary Frances; John G., who is employed by the International Harvester 
Company; Lizzie, who is in the employ of the Cedar Falls National Bank; Carl, 
who is with the Bancroft Greenhouse Company; and Robert G., who is with 
the Chapman Lumber Company of Waterloo. 

Mr. Lemmer holds membership in the Roman Catholic church and in that 
faith has reared his family. Fle is well known in Cedar Falls, where for more 
than a third of a century he has made his home, his activities winning him recog- 
nition as one of the leading representatives of industrial interests in his city. 



H. B. LICHTY. 



Waterloo owes much to the efforts of H. B. Lichty, who has various con- 
nections with important business concerns of the city, being president of the 
Waterloo Cement Machinery Corporation and president of the Black Hawk 
Manufacturing Company. His plans are ever well formulated and carefully 
executed and his energy and determination have carried him into important 
relations. W^aterloo numbers him among her native sons. His father, Lewis 
Lichty, came to this city about 1864 or 1865 and was prominently identified with 
business interests here. He was also mayor of the city for a number of years 



300 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

and thus aided in shaping the public poHcy. Said one who knew him well. 
"His word was as good as his bond; he was the soul of honor and the better 
one knew him, the greater the respect and the warmer the friendship." 

H. B. Lichty was reared and educated in Waterloo and also was for some 
time a student in the State University of Iowa. He made his initial step in the 
business world in connection with the real-estate and abstract business and is 
still a member of the Sedgwick-Lichty Abstract Company of W^aterloo. He 
laid out the Highland addition to the city under the name of the Highland 
Improvement Company, which he organized, and through his real-estate activi- 
ties has contributed much to the development and improvement of the city. 
He is now concentrating his efforts largely upon the management and interests 
of the Waterloo Cement Machinery Corporation and the Black Hawk Manu- 
facturing Company. The former was organized and incorporated in January. 
1909, with an authorized capital stock of fifty thousand dollars. Something 
of the steady and substantial growth of the business is indicated in the fact 
that the authorized capital stock at the present time is two hundred thousand 
dollars, of which one hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars has been paid 
up, and the business for 1914 was fifteen times that of 1909. This company 
was organized by Mr. Lichty, who still remains as president, with L. H. Weide- 
man vice president, L. A. Kliebenstein as secretary and S. J. Hall as treasurer. 
The principal product of the plant is c^oncrete mixers and they also manufacture 
builders' hoist and material elevators. Their factory is at the corner of A-inton 
and Glenwood streets and they have in their employ about one hundred men, 
while throughout the United States they are represented by many local agents' 
The business has grown along substantial lines and has now reached extensive 
and gratifying proportions, the annual sale of the output bringing to them a very 
desirable financial return. 

In 1893 Mr. Lichty was united in marriage to Miss Annie M. Buren, of 
Missouri, and they have one son, Wilbur Lewis. Mr. Lichty holds membership 
with the Masonic fraternity, the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks and the 
Commercial Club and Board of Trade. He has many sterling qualities which 
have won for him high regard. His life record is an indication of the fact 
that the sources of our power lie within ourselves. His ability and business 
talent have developed with the passing years and he is today one of those who 
IS ready to meet any emergency with the consciousness of personal strength 
that comes from a right conception of things and an habitual regard for what 
is best in the exercise of human activities. 



FRANK T. HARTMAN, M. D. 

Dr. Frank T. Hartman, one of the leading physicians of Waterloo con- 
scientious in the performance of all his professional duties and splendidly 
equipped by preliminary study and wide reading for the onerous work which 
devolves upon him, was born in Jones county, Iowa, in 1870. and in the acquire- 
ment of his education supplemented a district school course by study in the 
Upper Iowa University and in a commercial college. Desiring to become a 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 301 

member of the medical profession, he entered the Rush Medical College of 
Chicago, wherein he completed his course with the class of 1897. Removing 
to southern Texas, he spent one year in that state and then came to Waterloo, 
where he has since practiced. Ambitious to attain the highest degree of efficiency 
in his chosen life work, he has attended the New York Post-Graduate College 
and has also by wide reading and investigation added largely to his knowledge. 
In the summer of 1914 he went abroad and had unusual experiences, being in 
Berlin when the war broke out. He witnessed the mobilization of the German 
army, having the opportunity of seeing all of the head officers of the army and 
navy and many representatives of the nobility. He reports, too, that he was 
treated with every courtesy by the German government and people and had few 
discomforts in making his way out of the country in preparation for the return 
voyage to America. 

In 1904 Dr. Hartman was united in marriage to Miss Effie E. MacMillan, of 
Des Moines, Iowa. They hold membership in the Grace Methodist Episcopal 
church and Dr. Hartman is also a member of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation. They are well known socially and the hospitality of Waterloo's best 
homes is cordially extended them. Dr. Hartman is actively connected with two 
fraternities, the Masons and with Helmet Lodge, K. P., while along strictly 
professional lines his membership is in the Waterloo Medical Society, the Black 
Hawk County Medical Society, the Iowa State Medical Society, the American 
Medical Association and the Clinical Congress of Surgeons of North America. 
Thus he keeps in touch with the most advanced thought of the profession and 
in his practice employs modern scientific methods. 



HARRY B. TURNIPSEED. 

Harry B. Turnipseed, an attorney at law practicing at Cedar Falls as a 
member of the firm of Martin & Turnipseed, is a worthy representative of that 
profession to which property, life and liberty .must look for protection. He is 
well versed in the science of jurisprudence and. with ability to accurately apply 
its principles, he has made for himself a creditable name in professional circles, 
while his devotion to his clients' interests has become proverbial. He was born 
in Wellman, Washington county, Iowa, on the 4th of June, 1888, a son of Isaac 
N. and Mary Belle (McBride) Turnipseed, both of whom were natives of 
Jowa, the former born in Washington county and the latter in Keokuk county. 
The father spent his active life in the mercantile business, opening one of the 
iirst stores in Wellman, after which he was closely identified with the commercial 
interests of that town for thirty years. He still resides there but is now living 
retired, enjoying a rest which he has truly earned and richly deserves. 

Harry B. Turnipseed began his education in the public schools of his native 
town and passed through consecutive grades until he reached the high school. 
Later he attended the University of Iowa during the years from 1905 to 1910 
and by gaining a liberal education became well qualified for life's practical and 
responsible duties. He was engaged in teaching for five years and it was during 
that time that he devoted the vacation periods to work in the liberal arts college 



302 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

in the Iowa State University, completing in that manner what was practically 
a three years' course. While engaged in teaching he served as principal of the 
schools of Orchard, Iowa, for a time and later was made superintendent of the 
schools at Keswick, Iowa, while still later he was school superintendent at Ute, 
Iowa. In 1910 he returned to the state university and entered upon his law 
course, being graduated from the law department with the class of 191 3, at 
which time the LL. B. degree was conferred upon him. While engaged in pur- 
suing his law studies in 1912 and 1913 he was president of the Resh chapter of 
the Acacia fraternity, an organization of college Masons. 

After his admission to the bar Mr. Turnipseed came to Cedar Falls on the 
23d of July, 1 91 3, and entered the law office of Hemenway & Martin. On the 
1st of October of the same year he succeeded to the interest of Mr. Hemenway 
upon his retirement from active practice and is now junior partner in the firm 
of Martin & Turnipseed, in which connection he is making rapid professional 
progress. 

Mr. Turnipseed has membership in Black Hawk Lodge, Xo. 65, A. F. & 
A. M. He is also a member of the Cedar Falls and the Waterloo Commercial 
Clubs and cooperates in the plans of those organizations for the upbuilding and 
development of this section of the county. He is likewise a member of the 
Woodlawn Golf Club, which indicates something of the nature of his recrea- 
tion. He is alert, energetic and determined, recognizes and improves oppor- 
tunities and step by step is advancing, securing thereby with each forward 
movement a broader outlook and wider opportunities. 



C. A. WATERBURY, M. D. 

For a decade Dr. C. A. Waterbury has been numbered among Waterloo's 
able physicians and surgeons. He is a man of pronounced ability in his chosen 
profession because of his thorough preliminary study, his subsequent wide 
reading and his conscientious devotion to the duties of his calling. Cedar Rapids 
numbers him among her native sons, his birth having there occurred in 1875, 
but in 1878 he was brought to Waterloo, where he was reared and acquired his 
public-school education, passing through consecutive grades until graduated from 
the West Waterloo high school. He afterward spent three years as a student in 
the medical department of the University of Iowa, after which he matriculated 
in the Hahnemann Medical College of Chicago, from which he was graduated 
in 1899, the degree of M. D. being at that time conferred upon him. He then 
located for practice at Hudson, where he remained for five years, when, seeking 
a broader field of labor, he came to Waterloo, opened an office and has since 
engaged in general practice. He belongs to the Waterloo Medical Society, the 
Black Hawk County Medical Society, the Austin Flint Medical Society, the 
Cedar Valley Medical Society, the Iowa State Medical Society, the American 
Medical Association and the Missouri Valley Medical Society. He recently 
pursued a post-graduate course in New York city. 

In 1905 Dr. Waterbury was united in marriage to Miss Jessie Grant Wilcox, 
of Albert Lea, Minnesota, who for some time was a teacher of Latin in the 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 303 

West Side high school of Waterloo. They now have one child, Mary Elizabeth. 
Dr. Waterbury gives his political allegiance to the republican party, but the only 
office that he has filled is that of coroner of Black Hawk county, in which posi- 
tion he served for four years. He squares his life by the teachings and tenets 
of the Masonic order, is a member of the Elks lodge and also a member of the 
Commercial Club and Board of Trade. He attends the Congregational church 
and is a man whose genuine personal worth, as well as his professional ability, 
entitles him to the high regard; confidence and goodwill of his fellow citizens. 



W. P. SOASH. 



W. P. Soash, proprietor of the Western Adjustment Company with offices 
in the Black Hawk building of Waterloo, was born in Butler county near Clarks- 
ville, Iowa, in 1877, his parents being George and Polly (Hiserodt) Soash, 
natives of Pennsylvania and of Illinois respectively. They came to Iowa in the 
'50s with their respective parents and settled in Butler and Hardin counties. 
They were married in the latter county and the father, who entered land from 
the government, broke the sod, tilled the fields and carried on general farming 
until about the '80s. His death occurred in 1892. He had for eight years sur- 
vived his wife, who passed away in 1884. In their family were three children, 
all of whom are yet living, W. P., Dave and Mildred. George Soash enlisted 
in Company E, Thirty-second Iowa Infantry at the outbreak of the Civil war 
and served with credit to himself and country throughout the struggle. 

W. P. Soash acquired his education in the schools of Hardin and Butler 
counties and was reared upon the home farm with the usual experiences and 
pleasures that fall to the lot of the farm lad. He worked at the carpenter's 
trade for seven years and then started out in business on his own account as 
a hardware merchant at Rake, Iowa, where he continued in business for two 
years. He then sold out and removed to Rockwell, Iowa, where he conducted 
a hardware store for two years. He remained at that place, however, until 
1903, when he came to Waterloo, where he opened a real-estate office, continu- 
ing in the business until October, 1909. During the period which he devoted to 
the purchase and sale of real estate he went to Big Springs, Texas, in 1909, 
having the greater part of his landed interests in that locality at the time. He 
sold land there to the value of several million dollars and organized four dif- 
ferent towns and at that time was one of the largest land operators in the 
country. Mr. Soash suffered very severe losses in the period from 1909 to 
1913, owing to excessive droughts extending through the whole four years. In 
1 9 13 he returned to Waterloo and opened his present office, conducting business 
under the name of the Western Adjustment Company. At this writing he is 
recuperating from the losses sustained in former years. 

In 1900 Mr. Soash was married to Miss Minnie Haase, who was born in 
Kossuth county, Iowa, a daughter of John Haase. They have two children, 
Lorna Arvilla, bom in 1901, and George W., in 1903. Mr. Soash is a liberal in 
his political views nor has he any desire for the honors and emoluments of 
public office. The family is of Protestant faith, but Mr. Soash is liberal in his 



304 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

religious views. Practically his entire life has been spent in Iowa and he has 
been a witness of many changes as the work of development and progress has 
been carried forw^ard. He has always manifested a public-spirited devotion to 
the general good and his cooperation can be counted upon to further various 
measures for the benefit of the city in which he makes his home. 



JAMES EDWIN BARRETT. 

James Edwin Barrett has been a well known and prominent citizen of Black 
Hawk county since 1866. He now makes his home in Waterloo but for many 
years was actively engaged in farming in Lincoln township, where he took up 
his abode at an early day. He was born in Canton, St. Lawrence county, 
New York, .Vugust 2, 1840, and resided there to the age of twenty years. His 
paternal grandfather served as a soldier in the Revolutionary war and in days 
of peace followed the saddler's trade. His father came from Ireland and mar- 
ried an English lady. Charles E. Barrett, the father of our subject, was born 
in Essex county, New York, October 8, 1818, and died in Jefferson, Wisconsin, 
at the age of seventy-five years. At the time of the Civil war he responded to 
the country's call for aid, enlisting as a member of Company E, Fourth Wis- 
consin Cavalry. He was wounded in the hip when scouting after the bush- 
whackers near Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He later returned to his home in 
Jefferson county, Wisconsin, and there his remaining days were passed. He 
was a Universalist in his religious faith and a republican in his political belief. 
He married Charlotte Olin, who died in New York when their son James was 
l)ut four years of age, four children being thus left motherless. The father 
afterward married Charlotte Backus and to them were born five children. 

James E. Barrett attended the public schools, in which he studied the com- 
mon branches. His father was a lumberman and during vacations he worked 
for him, packing shingles and assisting in sawing and other work as he grew 
older. In the spring of 1855 the father removed with his family to Jeft'erson 
county, Wisconsin, and in the fall of that year he made a trip to Chicago, 
taking with him three horses. He then drove from Chicago to the town of 
Jeff'erson, in Jefferson county, Wisconsin. He purchased a farm of two hun- 
dred and forty acres situated in the township of Lake JMills and his son, James 
E. Barrett, assisted in its operation up to the time of his marriage, which was 
celebrated in May, 1862. The lady of his choice was Miss Mariette Stevens, 
who was born in Jeft'erson, Wisconsin, a daughter of Silas and Adeline (Jack- 
son) Stevens. The young couple established their home with his father and 
the following year, in response to the country's call for troops, James E. Bar- 
rett enlisted as a member of Company E, Fourth Wisconsin Cavalry, of which 
he became a private. He served until the close of the war, his regiment being 
attached to the Department of the Gulf, and he was honorably discharged at 
Madison, Wisconsin. 

When hostilities were over Mr. Barrett returned home and on the i8th day 
of March, 1866, he drove into Waterloo, Iowa, having made the journey across 
the country from his Wisconsin home. When he left Jefferson he had fifty 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 305 

dollars in money, a cheap team and a double wagon. He purchased one hundred 
and twenty acres of land in Lincoln township at four dollars and a half per 
acre. There was no house or other improvement upon the place and in fact 
there was no dwelling within two miles. The land had just been burned over 
and the outlook was not very propitious. He had to get a surveyor before he 
could establish the boundaries of his place, but with resolute purpose he set to 
work to develop a farm and prepare a home for his family. His first task was 
the building of a dwelling. He was accompanied to Iowa by his brother-in-law, 
W. H. Stevens, and his wife's uncle, James Jackson. They purchased alto- 
gether three hundred and sixty acres of land and divided it. Mr. Jackson built 
a house on his claim and the three men occupied it the first summer. In May 
Mr. Barrett was joined by his wife, who passed away in July of the same year, 
leaving him with a little son only nine days old. He then rented his place and 
took his baby back to the grandmother in Wisconsin. The following spring he 
came again to Iowa and worked for William Groves and for Dr. C. Whitney, 
breaking land for them. In this way he turned the first furrows on a tract 
extending from the Methodist Episcopal church on Fourth street to Eagle 
Center road down to Ilammon street, in Waterloo. The following February 
he returned to Wisconsin, obtained another team and again came to Iowa. He 
then located on his farm, on which he spent two years and then once more went 
to Wisconsin. There he was married in 1870 to Miss Margaret Relberford, of 
that state, and bringing his bride to Iowa, they began their domestic life upon 
his farm in Lincoln township. He built a home but his wife died fourteen 
months later in giving birth to a little son. Mr. Barrett continued upon the 
place, keeping house for himself and hiring a nurse to care for his baby. Two 
^ears after the death of his second wife he wedded Pauline Thompson, of 
Grundy county, Iowa. He continued upon his place and carefully developed 
his farm, but again death visited the household in 1903, when his third wife 
passed away. He was married January 10, 1905, to Miss Jennie Turner, of 
Black Hawk, where she was reared. Mr. Barrett continued upon the farm, 
further developing the fields and improving the place until the year 1898, when 
he removed to his home in Waterloo, where he has since resided. In the mean- 
time he has disposed of his farm, which consisted of two hundred acres and 
which is today worth two hundred and twenty-five dollars per acre. On remov- 
ing to Waterloo Mr. Barrett established his home at Seventh street and Grant 
avenue, but on the death of his wife he sold that property and spent a year in 
Spink county. South Dakota, where he owns four hundred acres of land. He 
also has three hundred and twenty acres in Brown county, that state. After a 
year passed on his Spink county farm he returned to W^aterloo and has since 
occupied his present home at No. 11 28 Washington street. 

By his first marriage Mr. Barrett had one child, Merritt J., who is married 
and is engaged in the raising of full blooded Jersey cattle at Thorsby, Alabama. 
The only child of the second marriage is Charles J. Barrett. By the third union 
there were two children : Earl C, a farmer near Waterville, New York, who 
wedded Miss Mary Trainor, of Waterloo, and has five children ; and Lottie, 
the wife of George Cranston, of Waterloo. 

Mrs. Barrett is a lady of innate culture and refinement and is an active 
member of the Woman's Relief Corps. Mr. Barrett holds membership in 



306 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Robert Anderson Post. Xo. 68, G. A. R., of Waterloo, and thus maintains 
pleasant relations with his old army comrades. His political allegiance has 
always been given to the republican party. He is an honorable, upright man, 
kind and charitable, and his life has been filled with many good deeds. l>oth 
he and his wife are held in high esteem wherever known and Mrs. Barrett, like 
her husband, is spoken of in terms of warm regard by their many friends 
throughout the county. 



WILLIAM H. LIFE. 



William li. Life is a retired farmer and stock-raiser living in Waterloo. 
He was identified for a long period with agricultural interests in Tama county 
but is now enjoying a rest which his former labor has made possible. He was 
born in Highland county, A'irginia, March i8, 1849, and is a representative of 
one of the old families of Pennsylvania. His paternal great-grandfather was a 
Pennsylvania man who served in the Revolutionary war but afterward removed 
to \*irginia and spent his last days in Highland county. He was opposed to 
slavery and this feeling of opposition was carried down through successive gen- 
erations. His son, Samuel Life, was born in Pennsylvania, December 5, 1792. 
and removed to the Old Dominion, where he followed farming. On the 24th 
of December. 1816, he married Anna Waybright, who was born November 6, 
1795. Prior to his marriage Samuel Life served as a soldier in the War of 
181 2, being on duty in the vicinity of Baltimore. Later he and his sons cleared 
a farm in Highland county, Virginia. The family numbered seven children : 
the Rev. William Life, who was born December 22, 1817. and married Susan 
Lamont; John; Henry, who was born April 18, 1822, married Fanny Crawford 
and became a practicing physician; Abraham, who was born February 22, 1824; 
Samuel, who was born January 19, 1826, and married a Miss Freeman and 
after her death wedded Josephine Hodge ; George, who was born February 14, 
1830. became a minister and married Annie Smith; and Anna, who was born 
July 26, 1835. 

John Life, the father of William II. Life, was born in Virginia and spent 
the period of his youth there. He learned the cabinet-maker's trade, also car- 
pentering and undertaking. He continued a resident of Virginia until about 
1867, when he came with his family to Iowa, settling in Tama county, where 
he followed the occupation of farming. He died in that county, February i, 
1903, at the venerable age of eighty-three years. His religious faith was that 
of the Presbyterian church, in which he served as an elder. In politics he was 
a republican and he filled a number of local offices. He married Elizabeth 
Colaw, who was born in Virginia, April 21, 1825, a daughter of George and 
Mary Colaw. Mrs. Life was a devoted member of and an active worker in 
the Presbyterian church. She was a lady of the old school, always kindly, 
courteous, a true gentlewoman. Her death occurred upon the home farm in 
Tama county, September 21, 1902. 

William H. Life had not reached his majority when the family came to 
Iowa, the state in which he had dreamed of locating when a boy, and the trip 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 307 

westward was made by rail. The family at that time consisted of father, 
mother and five children. The father purchased one hundred and sixty acres 
of land in Geneseo township, Tama county, a tract of wild prairie on which 
he built a pioneer home. He at once began the work of development and improve- 
ment and in this was largely assisted by his sons. The farm today comprises 
four hundred acres of rich and valuable land, equipped with all of the latest 
improvements and the most modern farm machinery. It is provided with a 
water works system and every facility for making a farm productive and 
profitable. 

In his boyhood days William H. Life attended the district schools and later 
pursued a course in a commercial college in Dubuque. He has always made 
a specialty of studying agriculture and has carried on farming along the most 
progressive and scientific lines. He thoroughly understands crop production, 
rotation and all modern methods. He knows the soil and its properties and 
what is needed for the dififerent kinds of grain. His work has been most care- 
fully conducted and his labors have brought to him a gratifying return. 

Mr. Life went back to Virginia and was there married to an oldtime school- 
mate, Miss Sarah Rohrbaugh, of Grant county. West Virginia, a daughter of 
Solomon and Mary M. (Jack) Rohrbaugh. Her father was a farmer, trades- 
man, miller and lumberman. At the time of their marriage Mr. Life brought 
his bride to his Iowa home, locating upon the old homestead farm of which he 
assumed charge. There, in connection with tilling the soil according to the 
most modern, scientific methods, he also engaged in the raising of cattle, handling 
some blooded stock and raising others solely for the market. In all of his 
business afifairs he displayed keen discernment and unfaltering enterprise and 
success naturally resulted. 

In 1902 Mr. Life was called upon to mourn the loss of his wife, who 
passed away in that year in the faith of the United Presbyterian church, of 
which she had long been a devoted member. She was born August 27, 1858, 
and was therefore about forty-four years of age at the time of her demise. 
She left two children, Charles and John. The former, born May 4, 1884, wedded 
Helen McFee and is v^ farmer and lumberman, acting as superintendent for 
Rogers Lumber Company in Saskatchewan, Canada. The younger son, John, 
born February 27, 1893, is now attending commercial college. Mr. Life was 
again married October 15, 1903, his second union being with Miss Anna C. 
Krecklow, who was born near Berlin, Germany, February 3, 1852, and came to 
the United States in 1856. The family settled in Northumberland county, Penn- 
sylvania, where her parents died. Her father, Frederick W. Krecklow, was a 
merchant and married Matilda Losch. Herschel, the great astronomer, was 
the great-grandfather of Mrs. Life. She was a very small child when her parents 
landed in New York with their family. She is a lady of liberal education and 
of innate culture and refinement and is a most interesting conversationalist. She 
attended the Rye Seminary at Muncy, Pennsylvania, which was founded by Mrs. 
Susan Life, the wife of the Rev. William Life, who removed the seminary to 
Rye, New York, and made it a most successful and well attended institution. 
Miss Amelia F. Krecklow, a sister of Mrs. Life, is now a teacher in that school. 

Mr. Life has always taken an active part in church work, holding member- 
ship in the First L^nited Presbyterian church of Waterloo, of which he was one 



308 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

of the builders and is now one of the trustees. He has done everything in 
his power to advance the work of the church and has been a generous con- 
tributor to its support. He is a Hfe member of Helmet Lodge, No. 89, K. P., 
at Waterloo and became identified with the order in Northern Star Lodge at 
Tracr, Iowa. In politics he is a stalwart republican but has no desire to fill 
public office. His busmess afifairs have ever been carefully conducted, his 
duties of citizenship promptly discharged, and in every relation of life he has 
been found honorable and faithful, thus commanding the respect and confidence 
of his fellowmen. 



ALMON F. GATES. 



In commercial educational circles in the United States the name of Almon F. 
Gates is an honored one. He is the president of the Waterloo Business College, 
the thorough training of which has fitted hundreds of students for important 
positions in the commercial world, and as head of the school Mr. Gates is ever 
advancing its standards and improving its course. A native of Michigan, he was 
born in Clinton county and was educated in the district schools of that state, 
followed by study in the Northern Indiana Normal School at Valparaiso and in 
the Upper Iowa University at Fayette. His entire life since the completion of 
his own education has been devoted to educational work and he is now at the head 
of an institution which is a most creditable factor in the intellectual progress of 
the state. The Waterloo Business College was established in 1884 as the Waterloo 
College by T. Tobin, who at that time maintained an academic course. In 1886 
a commercial college was established by \W. H. Burrett, who in 1888 sold out to 
Mr. Gates, who remained at the head of the school until 1890, when he was joined 
by W. H. Brown and they bought out Mr. Tobin and consolidated the two schools. 
This partnership continued until 1891, when Mr. Brown bought out the entire 
college. He conducted the school until 1893, when J. H. Orcutt took charge and 
so continued until 1895. Through the succeeding year the school was conducted 
by Mr. Elliott and from 1896 until 1898 by W. E. Hager, E. L. Corton and Mary 
S. Horner. After this Mr. Gates returned and took charge and in 1900 the 
school was incorporated under the name of the Waterloo Business College with 
Mr. Gates as the president. In 1904 a removal was made to the present quarters 
and he has built up the school until it now has an annual attendance of three 
hundred students. It is strictly a business college and is one of the influential 
institutions of Waterloo. Mr. Gates has greatly raised the standard of instruc- 
tion, which is such that it meets the full requirements for training for the business 
world. Its students are capable of holding responsible positions and the work 
which they do is indicative of the breadth and excellence of the curriculum. Mr. 
Gates also owns the New Hampton Business College, of which his son has charge. 
He is likewise a stockholder in different business enterprises. 

In 1 89 1 occurred the marriage of Mr. Gates and Miss Mary G. Becker,' a. 
daughter of C. D. Becker, one of the old-time pioneer settlers of Black Hawk 
county, and to them was born one son, Bruce F., who was educated in the Waterloo 



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^ 




^^^IBEHhHH^''^ J^^I^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^i 











ALMON F. GATES 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 311 

schools until graduated from the high school. He also attended the Waterloo 
Business College and he will complete the liberal arts course in the University of 
Michigan in 191 5. The wife and mother passed away in July, 1914, and her 
death was deeply regretted by many friends as well as by her immediate family. 
Mr. Gates is an active factor in political circles and was the secretary of the 
first state convention of the progressive party. He belongs to the Masonic 
fraternity, the Modern Woodmen of America, the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen and other fraternal organizations. He has membership with the 
Chamber of Commerce and cooperates in their plans and projects for the up- 
building of the city. His social nature finds expression in his membership in the 
Waterloo and Town Criers Clubs. He is president of the National Business 
Teachers' Association. That his Hfe is guided by high and honorable principles 
is indicated in his loyalty to the teachings of the First Methodist Episcopal 
church, of which he is a devoted member. He is also the president of the Young 
Men's Christian Association and he was secretary of the Business Men's Tem- 
perance Association from its organization until the spring of 1914. His influence 
has ever been on the side of right and progress, of reform and improvement, 
and he has left the impress of his individuality for good upon the lives of many 
with whom he has been brought in contact. 



DAVID GIBSON. 



David Gibscm, now residing at No. 121 7 West Third avenue, is a retired 
farmer and is one of the pioneer settlers of the county. For many years he has 
resided in this section of the state and has ever been an interested witness of 
the changes which have occurred and has borne his share in advancing the 
growth and development of this part of the state. He was born in County 
Down, Ireland, on the 22d of June, 1842, and after passing the twenty-second 
milestone on life's journey crossed the Atlantic to the new world, this being in 
the year 1865. He first made his way to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where he 
lived for two years and then came to the west, settling in Dubuque county, 
Illinois, where he remained for three years. 

In the spring of 1869 Mr. Gibson came to Barclay township, Black Hawk 
county, and purchased eighty acres of land on which he took up his abode. 
The tract was practically undeveloped and unimproved and he brought the 
land under a high state of cultivation. He paid sixteen dollars per acre in 
gold for the property and with characteristic energy began its development with 
the result that he soon had an excellent farm, highly cultivated and yielding to 
him a gratifying annual income in the large crops which he harvested and 
which found a ready sale upon the market. As his financial resources increased 
he kept adding to his property until he had four hundred acres. In the summer 
of 1914 he sold one hundred and sixty acres of this for one hundred and forty- 
five dollars per acre, its value having increased as the result of his develop- 
ment and cultivation one hundred and twenty-nine dollars per acre. He still 
retains possession of the old homestead, which is worth at least two hundred 



Vol. 11—17 



312 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

dollars per acre. His methods were practical and progressive and as the years 
passed he won a substantial fortune as the result of his close application and 
unremitting energy. 

Mr. Gibson was married in 1877 to Miss Rosanna Skelly, who was a native 
of County Down, Ireland, and passed away in 1894. In their family were four 
children, of whom three sons are yet living: Albert Edward, a resident of 
Waterloo; Robert William, who is vice president of the Artificial Ice & Fuel 
Company of Waterloo ; and H. C, who is in Canada. The only daughter, Flor- 
ence M., who was the third in order of birth, has passed away. About 1898 
Mr. Gibson was married again, his second union being with Miss Matilda 
McCammon, who was also a native of County Down, Ireland. In the spring 
of 191 1 he put aside the active work of the farm and removed to Waterloo, now 
making his home at No. 12 17 West Third avenue, where he is most pleasantly 
and comfortably located. 

Mr. Gibson is a valued member of the United Presbyterian church and for 
a number of years served on its official board. His life has ever been upright 
and honorable, in accord with his religious professions, and he enjoys the 
unqualified respect and confidence of his fellowmen. Moreover, he deserves 
representation in this volume as one of the pioneer residents of the county, 
where he has now lived for more than four decades. Many changes have 
occurred within this time and he rejoices in what has been accomplished along 
the lines of progress and improvement. He bore his full share in the work 
of agricultural development and his influence has always been on the side of 
advancement in connection with material, intellectual, social and moral affairs. 



WILLIAM BRYAN. 



William Bryan is a real-estate dealer and the patentee of the International 
M & S Automobile Gear. He was born in Raleigh, North Carolina, in 1887 
and during his childhood went with his parents to Missouri. He is a son of 
Frank and Sarah Bryan, the former a native of North Carolina and the latter 
of Tennessee. The mother died during the early childhood of William Bryan 
but the father is stili living and makes his home in Houston, Missouri. 

William Bryan spent twelve years of his youth and early manhood in Mis- 
souri and at the end of that time came to Waterloo. In the meantime he had 
acquired an education in St. Louis and had made his initial step in the business 
world, in which connection he had worked his way upward until he became 
foreman and inspector for the Iowa Dairy Separator Company of Waterloo. 
He occupied that position for five years and was correspondent for Sears 
Roebuck & Company and then in July, 191 1, he took up the real-estate busi- 
ness, in which he has been very successful, handling property to the value of a 
million and a half dollars in a period of three years. He has dealt largely 
in farm lands. In 1912 he purchased a half interest in the Ledaour patent on 
gears for automobiles to substitute differentials and since that time improvements 
have been made and a new patent taken out under the name of the International 
M & S Automobile Gear. The late patent was issued in July, 19 [3. to W. F. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 313 

Muel, who served as the mechanical engineer while the patent was being com- 
pleted. Mr. Bryan is now one of a company that has been organized for manu- 
facturing purposes. This company includes: C. C. Wolfe, of Parkersburg; 
Louis LL Scurlock, of Kansas City; Frank Long, president of the Center City 
Bank of Kansas City; and Mr. Holden, president of the Parke-Davis Company 
of Detroit, Michigan. This company is known as the M & S Gear Company 
of Kansas City and the officers are: L. H. Scurlock, president; Frank Long, 
vice president and treasurer ; with William Bryan, C. C. Wolfe, Louis H. Scur- 
lock, Frank Long and Frank Epstine as directors. The company has orders 
for two hundred and fifty thousand of the new gears, to be used in the 1916 
cars, and the present outlook of the business is most gratifying. 

Mr. Bryan is liberal in his political views and fraternally is connected with 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Knights of Pythias. There are 
no esoteric features in his life record nor spectacular phases. He has worked 
on persistently and energetically day by day, realizing and utilizing his oppor- 
tunities as they have come to him, and his ability and strong purpose, guided 
by sound judgment, have been the salient factors in winning him a place among 
the successful business men of Waterloo. 



GEORGE M. NESBIT, M. D. 

Dr. George M. Nesbit, well known as one of the able and successful physi- 
cians and surgeons in Waterloo, his native city, was born March 6, 1863, a son of 
James and Mary (Orr) Nesbit, both of whom are now deceased. They came 
to this city from Rockford, Illinois, in 1855, casting in their lot with the early 
settlers of Black Hawk county, for at that time Waterloo was a small town 
and the greater part of the county was largely undeveloped. The father was 
a stonemason by trade and followed that pursuit in early life but later engaged 
in farming, owning a tract of land in Barclay township which he brought to 
a high state of cultivation. 

Dr. Nesbit was reared in Waterloo and the city schools afiforded him his 
early educational privileges, although later he attended the Elgin Academy and 
Beloit College of Beloit, Wisconsin. Ilis broad literary learning served as an 
'excellent foundation upon which to rear the superstructure of professional 
knowledge when in 1885 he determined upon the practice of medicine as a 
life work and began studying with that end in view. He entered the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons at Chicago and was graduated from that institu- 
tion in the spring of 1888. Following his graduation he settled at Mount 
Auburn, Iowa, where he opened an office and was successfully engaged in 
practice for seven years. On the expiration of that period he removed to 
La Porte City, Iowa, where he was likewise accorded an extensive practice 
during the ten years of his residence at that place. In March, 1905, however, 
he sought a still broader field of labor and came to Waterloo, where he has 
steadily advanced until he occupies a foremost position in the ranks of the 
medical profession of Black Hawk county. Anything which tends to bring to 
man the key to the complex mystery which we call life is of interest to him and 



314 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

he is continually broadening his knowledge and promoting his efficiency and 
skill by further reading, study and investigation. 

In 1888 Dr. Nesbit was united in marriage to Miss Nettie McCornack, of 
Elgin, Illinois, by whom he has five children, as follows : Marguerite I., who 
is a graduate of Coe College of Cedar Rapids; Wellwood Mack, a graduate of 
the State University of Iowa, who is now a second-year student in the College 
of Medicine of that institution ; Wallace G., a senior in Coe College of Cedar 
Rapids; Harold T., a sophomore in Coe College of Cedar Rapids; and Mark E., 
who is a high-school student. 

Dr. Nesbit occupies an attractive home in \\'aterloo and in addition to his 
city property owns three valuable farms, two in Black Hawk county and one 
in Benton county. Fraternally he is connected with Waterloo Lodge, A. F. & 
A. M., and in matters of citizenship he at all times recognizes his duties and his 
obligations. His attention, however, is given most largely to his professional 
duties, which have been of growing importance. He belongs to the Waterloo 
City Medical Society, the Black Hawk County Medical Society and the Iowa 
State Medical Society. His professional brethren speak of him in terms of 
high regard, recognizing his power in his chosen profession, the duties of which 
he discharges with a sense of conscientious obligation. 



AL\RK T. FERRIN. 



Mark J. Perrin, president of the \\ aterloo Electrical Supply Company and 
a member of the Kissel C?r Company of Waterloo, is thus prominently and 
actively identified with commercial and manufacturing interests which consti- 
tute a factor in the business activity and development of the city as well as a 
.source of individual success. 

He was born near Clarksville, in Butler county, Iowa, August 24, 1869, a 
son of Jeremiah and Anna (Hillman) Perrin. The father was a native of Eng- 
land and was there reared and married, after which he brought his wife to the 
United States, settling in Pennsylvania, where they remained for four years. 
In 1850 they came west to Iowa and after a year passed in Muscatine removed 
to Butler county. There the father purchased a farm, on which he lived for 
almost a half century and on which his first wife died. About the year 1897 he 
retired from active work and took up his home with a son in the town of Greene, 
Butler county, where his death occurred in 1901, when he had reached the age 
of eighty-two years and ten months. Anna Hillman, mother of our subject, was 
the second wife of Jeremiah Perrin, whom she married at her home in Rock- 
ford, Illinois. She died in Clarksville, Iowa, in 1888, aged fifty-two years. 

Mark J. Perrin, reared in Butler county, was educated in the district schools 
and in the Clarksville high school, from which he was graduated with the class 
of 1886. He was reared to farm work, having the usual experiences that come 
Avhen one's attention is concentrated upon the work of plowing, planting and 
harvesting. He continued to assist his father and after the latter's retirement 
assumed the management of the home farm. From 1888 until 1893 he and his 
father engaged in the hardware business in Clarksville and in the latter year 



J 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 315 

Mark J. Perrin returned to the farm, which he continued to cultivate and de- 
velop through the succeeding" eleven years. In 1904 he removed to Waterloo 
and some time later, or in 1905, he became identified with the W^aterloo Elec- 
trical Supply Company, of which he was made president and at the head of the 
business he still remains. This is one of the important commercial interests of 
the city and the firm enjoys a liberal patronage. In June, 1913, he was made the 
agent for the Kissel car for northeastern Iowa, with headquarters at Waterloo, 
where he not only sells but also repairs cars, conducting a well equipped garage. 

In 1890 Mr. Perrin was united in marriage to Aliss Lottie L. Crippen, of 
Clarksville, Iowa, by whom he has four children, as follows : E. Grace, who is 
the wife of W. R. Donaldson, of Waterloo; Anna M., a student in the Ferry 
Hall school at Lake Forest, Illinois; Maud A., who attends the Waterloo high 
school; and Margaret, who is still in the grammar grades. 

Fraternally Mr. Perrin is identified with the following organizations : Butler 
Lodge, No. 94, A. F. & A. M. ; the Order of the Eastern Star at Clarksville ; 
Royal Arch Chapter at Clarksville ; Ascalon Commandery, No. 25, K. T. ; El 
Kahir Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., of Cedar Rapids; and Helmet Lodge, No. 89, 
Knights of Pythias. Mr. and Mrs. Perrin hold membership in the Westminster 
Presbyterian church and he has been a member of the board of trustees since 
its organization. His political indorsement is given to the republican party and 
he keeps well informed on the cjuestions and issues of the day and is ever ready 
to support his position by intelligent argument. Waterloo has counted him 
among her leading business men since he came to the city and entered into 
active connection with her interests. He developed industry, determination and 
energy when upon the farm, and he has added to these qualities a spirit of 
initiative, carefully formulating his plans and accomplishing what he undertakes. 



MATHIAS J. TRITZ. 



Mathias J. Tritz, proprietor of one of the best equipped photographic studios 
in Waterloo and holding high rank as a representative of the photographic art, 
was born in Jackson county, Iowa, on the 27th of March, 1861, a son of John A. 
and Mary (Siren) Tritz. The father was a native of Prussia, and the mother's 
birth occurred in Germany. They were married, however, in the new world 
and throughout much of his life the father followed the occupation of farming. 
He was also quite prominent in political circles and his opinions carried weight 
in the councils of the democratic party. At an early day in the development of 
Iowa he came to this state, settling in Jackson county, where he was engaged in 
general farming and was also active in public office, his worth and ability lead- 
ing to his selection for various important positions. At one time he served as 
a member of the legislature and did active work as a member of the law-making 
body of the commonwealth. He died in 1878 in Jackson county when his son 
Mathias was a youth of seventeen years. His widow survives and yet resides 
on the old homestead. 

Mathias Tritz was the third in order of birth in a family of thirteen children 
and pursued his education in the public schools of Jackson county and spent 



316 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

his youthful days upon the home farm, early becoming familiar with the best 
methods of tilling the soil and caring for the crops. He remained at home until 
he attained his majority, but for about three years prior to that time had taught 
school. He then began learning photography at Bellevue, Iowa, where he 
remained for a brief period. He afterward followed the business at Mount 
Carroll, Illinois, for three years and in other places, and then returned to Iowa 
in 1890, since which time he has made his home in Waterloo. He has one of 
the best equipped studios of this city and has made for himself a creditable 
name and place in the profession. He has kept in touch with the advancement 
made in connection with photography, is acquainted with all the modern processes 
that have resulted through scientific investigation and now devotes his entire 
time to the business. He is enjoying a liberal patronage, which results from 
the excellent work which he does. 

In 1886 ]\Ir. Tritz was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Kempter, who 
was born in Galena, Illinois, a daughter of Gotfried and Mary (Gnigler) Kemp- 
ter, the latter a native of Austria. The father was born in Germany and came 
to Iowa from Illinois about 1869, settling in Jackson county. He was a cabinet- 
maker and undertaker by trade and in Jackson county engaged in the furniture 
ijusiness, continuing active in trade circles there up to the time of his death, 
which occurred about 1892. His widow is now a resident of Bellevue, Iowa. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Tritz have been born three children : Delia M. and Reta F., 
both under the parental roof ; and Arthur, who died in infancy. The parents 
hold membership in the Roman Catholic church and Mr. Tritz gives his political 
allegiance to the democratic party. Fraternally he is connected with the Court 
of Honor and the Highland Nobles. He thoroughly enjoys home life and takes 
great pleasure in the society of his family and friends. He is always courteous, 
kindly and alfable and those who know him personally have for him warm 
regard. A man of great natural ability, his success in business from the begin- 
ning of his residence in Waterloo has been uniform and rapid. 



WALTER GORDON MESSINGER. 

A\ alter Gordon ^lessinger was in 1901 an employe of the Iowa Skirt Manu- 
facturing Company and in 1909 became its president. His rise was rapid but 
his advancement was well merited, as is indicated by the fact that as chief execu- 
tive officer he has so directed the interests of the business as to make it one of 
the constantly growing enterprises of Waterloo. Black Hawk county numbers 
him as a native son, his birth having here occurred on the 30th of July, 1882. 
His father, Zachariah T. Messinger, w^as the first white child born in the county 
and was a son of Elias Messinger, who arrived here from Pennsylvania in early 
pioneer times. The family experienced the usual hardships and privations of 
pioneer life and contributed to the work of general development and improve- 
ment. Zachariah T. Messinger throughout his active business life followed 
agricultural pursuits, living on a farm in W^aterloo township, where for many 
years he made his home, his death there occurring in 1909. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 317 

Walter G. Messinger was reared to farm life, working in the fields from the 
time of the early spring planting until the crops were harvested in the late 
autumn. The public schools afforded him his educational privileges and when 
about eighteen years of age he became a wage earner as an employe of John 
Mason, a grocer of Waterloo, in whose service he remained for about a year 
On the expiration of that period he became identified with the Iowa Skirt Com- 
pany as an employe and in 1906 he acquired an interest in the business. His 
advancement was continuous and rapid. He was made vice president of the 
company and in 1909 was elected to the presidency, in which capacity he has 
since continued. Tlie factory turns out a large output in ladies' skirts and finds 
a ready market for the product in Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska and the Dakotas. 
Excellent workmanship and material are factors which promote the growing 
trade of the house and the business methods of the company are such as will 
bear the closest investigation and scrutiny. 

On the 5th of June, 1907, Mr. Messinger was joined in wedlock to Miss 
Mary E. Schwanke, of Cedar Falls, and to them has been born a son, Walter 
Gordon, Jr. Mr. Messinger is a member of Helmet Lodge, No. 89, K. P., and 
he and his wife hold membership in St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal church. 
They occupy an enviable position in social circles and warm-hearted hospitality 
is extended to them in many of the city's best homes. During the period of his 
residence in Waterloo Mr. Messinger has made continuous advancement in 
business circles and enjoys the goodwill and confidence of his business asso- 
ciates and contemporaries. 



CARL W. HITCHCOCK. 

Carl W. Hitchcock is the senior partner in the firm of Hitchcock & Humph- 
rey, contractors in inside wiring, fixtures and general repairing at Waterloo. 
He is a native son of the city in which he still makes his home, his birth having 
here occurred on the 30th of October, 1879, his parents being Nelson and Mary 
E. (Wells) Hitchcock, both of whom were natives of New York. In early life 
the father engaged in farming and later turned his attention to the real-estate 
business. He came to Iowa at an early day and settled on a farm near Wash- 
burn, but after carrying on general agricultural pursuits for some time he re- 
moved to Waterloo and turned his attention to the real-estate business, in which 
he continued until his death, which occurred in January, 1910. He was also a 
stockholder in the Oak Lawn Building & Improvement Company and in the 
Building & Loan Association, beside other local enterprises. His efforts were 
an element in the business development of the city, contributing to public pros- 
perity as well as to individual success. He also held a number of public offices 
in W^aterloo and his duties were discharged with notable promptness and 
fidelity. His widow still survives and yet makes her home in Waterloo. 

Carl W. Hitchcock was the youngest in a family of nine children and his 
boyhood and youth were spent under the parental roof, his time being largely 
occupied by the acquirement of a public-school education, which he completed in 
the West high school. At the age of nineteen years he began earning his own 



318 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

living and for a decade or more was in the employ of the ^^'ate^loo Electrical 
Supply Company, during which time he gained comprehensive knowledge of the 
business and learned much concerning practical methods along that line. At the 
end of that time he became associated with Mark T. Humphrey in forming the 
present firm of Hitchcock & Humphrey. The connection between them was 
formed on the i8th of July, 1909, and they began business in a small second 
floor room at Xo. 400^^ \Vest Fifth street. After eighteen months, however, 
their growing business justified their removal to their present location at 403 
West Fourth street and about a year later they bought out the Iowa Electrical 
Machinery Company and have since conducted the two enterprises. They do 
inside wiring and general repairing and carry a full line of electrical supplies, 
motors, lamps and fixtures. They install electrical lighting systems upon farms 
and they do a general jobbing and retail business, to which both partners devote 
their entire time. 

On Christmas day of 1906 was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Hitchcock 
and ^liss Olive E. Shannon, who was bom in Winfield, Iowa, and is an adopted 
daughter of Cornelius Farrel. then a resident of Danville, Iowa, but now living 
retired in Waterloo. ^Ir. and ^Irs. Hitchcock have become the parents of three 
children, namely : Helen Alice, Ruth Eleanor and Dorothy May. 

!Mr. Hitchcock holds membership with the Knights of Pythias but otherwise 
is not identified with fraternal or social organizations. He has, however, many 
warm friends in Waterloo and his many social qualities render him attractive 
to those with whom he is brought in contact. In business affairs he is thoroughly 
reliable as well as persistent, energetic and ambitious, and his persistency of pur- 
pose and keen sagacity are bringing to him a creditable measure of success. 



ELLIS E. WILSOX. 



For fifty-one years Ellis E. Wilson has been numbered among the residents of 
Black Hawk county and is classed with its prominent and progressive citizens. 
He has been a leading member of the bar and a most active investor in real 
estate as well as a factor in the successful conduct of other business enterprises. 
His connection with any undertaking insures a prosperous outcome of the same, 
for it is in his nature to carry forward to successful completion whatever he 
becomes associated with and his prompt and honorable methods have won him 
the deserved and unbounded confidence of his fellowmen. As a lawyer he is 
clear-minded and well trained and his ability in this direction has brought to 
him success in his practice. 

Mr. Wilson was born in Mahaska county, Iowa, March 29. 1861, a son of 
William Alexander Wilson, whose birth occurred in Mount X'ebo, Yadkin county, 
Xorth Carolina, and who on coming westward to Iowa settled first in Hardin 
county. With some young comrades he walked nearly the entire distance from 
his old home to Iowa, actuated by a desire to enjoy the benefits offered by a new 
and growing community and freedom from the thrall of slavery, in the boundless 
northwest. He afterward took up a claim in Kossuth county and in addition to 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 319 

developing and improving his land conducted a general store at Algona in that 
county. He gave provisions to the soldiers who aided in the defense of the 
frontier after the Spirit Lake massacre. At Algona, on the i6th of May, 1858, 
he was united in marriage to Miss Chloe Sanders Lawrence and soon afterward 
removed to Oskaloosa, where he remained for three years. In 1863 he came 
with his family to Black Hawk county and, April 7, 1866, settled on a farm in 
Bennington township, which he purchased. With characteristic energy he began 
the further development of that property and thereon resided to the time of his 
death, which occurred September 4, 1899. The family burial lot is in Fairview 
cemetery. In the intervening years he had added to his possessions from time 
to time until he was the owner of about eight hundred acres. He took an active 
interest in local politics, cooperated in many movements which won success for 
his party and advanced the general interests and welfare of the district. His 
widow, Chloe Sanders (Lawrence) Wilson, passed away October 4, 1913. 

Besides the subject of this sketch the children and grandchildren of Mr. and 
Mrs. William A. Wilson are as follows : Barnett Adelbert Wilson, a resident of 
Kirwin, Kansas, was married October 12, 1892, to Eliza E. Leeper. and their 
children are: Clifford Otto, born November 23, 1894; and Clinton Lawrence, 
born October 15, 1896. Mary Cordelia Wilson was married April 13, 1887, to 
Charles Smith Choate and they reside in Eugene, Oregon. Their children are: 
Lucy Leah, who was born September 7, 1888, and was married September 9, 
1908, at Guthrie, Oklahoma, to Elbert Jones; and Nathan Wilson Choate, born 
September 11, 1894. Emma Iowa Wilson was married November 18, 1891, to 
James Treglone Allen and they reside in Waterloo, Iowa. William Lawrence 
"Wilson, born December 18, 1867, died May 8, 1882. Frank Grant Wilson, born 
April 19, 1870. died July 25, 191 2. Edith Lillian Wilson was married August 
3, 1898, to Dr. H. C. Homer. Elsie Louise Wilson was married December 25, 
1894, to Henry H. Schenk and they reside in Memphis, Missouri. They have 
two sons: Karl Wilson Schenk, born December 8, 1898; and Loren David 
Schenk, born September 19, 1902. C. Asenith Wilson is the next of the family. 
Perle G. Wilson was married June 16, 1903, to Louis Bernard Schmidt, who is 
a professor in the State College of Agriculture at Ames, Iowa, where they reside, 
and they have one son, Robert, born August 24, 1907. 

Ellis E. Wilson was only about two years of age when brought by his parents 
to Black Hawk county, where he attended the public schools. He afterward 
entered the State Teachers' College and received his Bachelor of Science degree 
upon the completion of a course in Drake University in 1885. He taught for a 
number of years, both in the country schools and as principal of the schools at 
Hinton, Iowa, for two years; also spent two years as principal at Moville, but 
regarded this merely as an initial step to other professional labor, and in 1895 
received his LL. B. degree upon graduation from the State University, in which 
he had pursued the regular law course. He then located in Waterloo, where he 
has since practiced. His ability is pronounced and his practice is now of an 
important character in the field of finance and real estate. He is devotedly 
attached to his profession, a man of high ideals, systematic and methodical in 
habit, sober and discreet in judgment, diligent in research and conscientious in 
the discharge of every professional duty. His course in the courtroom is char- 
acterized by a calmness and dignity that indicate reserve strength. 



320 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Aside from his professional activity, Mr. Wilson is largely interested in farm 
lands in Iowa. In fact he is one of the heaviest holders of real estate and his 
investments have been most judiciously made, indicating his sound judgment 
and keen foresight. He belongs to the Chamber of Commerce and cooperates 
in all movements for the benefit and upbuilding of the city. He is a Master 
Mason and has advanced high in the order, being now a member of the Mystic 
Shrine. He belongs to the Town Criers Club and other civic organizations and 
he takes an active and helpful interest in politics, supporting the democratic 
party. He possesses marked energy and determination, and as the years have 
gone by he has become more and more firmly intrenched in the public regard as 
a man of absolute integrity and honesty and one of the able and representative 
lawyers, prominent business men and leading citizens of Black Hawk county. 
Moreover, he is a representative of one of the prominent pioneer families and 
has himself been a witness of the continued growth and development of this 
section of the state for more than a half century. His offices are at 518-519 
James Black Building. 



WILLIAM E. HERREN. 

Real ability and merit will come to the front everywhere, a fact which is 
manifest in the lives of many successful business men. This statement finds 
exemplification in the career of W^illiam E. Herren, a member of the firm of 
Kowrey & Herren, real estate, investment and insurance brokers of Waterloo. 
He has handled much property and commercial paper, and the success which 
he has achieved is the logical outcome of earnest purpose, keen insight and 
thoroughly reliable methods. 

Mr. Herren was born in Nashua, Iowa, October 5, 1888, a son of Charles 
and Lillie (Spencer) Herren, the former a native of Illinois and the latter of 
Iowa. The father came to this state in 1882, settling in Nashua, where he met 
and married Miss Spencer. In early life he learned the painter's trade, which 
he has since followed, and his record has been one of untiring industr}'. In 191 1 
he came to Waterloo, where he now resides. 

William E. Herren spent his youthful days under the parental roof and com- 
pleted a public school course by graduation from the Nashua high school with 
the class of 1906. He afterward spent a year as a student in the Iowa State 
University and then, putting aside his text-books, went to the west in 1909, 
spending a year in Arizona and New Mexico, during which period he was identi- 
fied with the Arizona-Cleveland Mining Association. In 191 1, when a young 
man of twenty-three years, he came to Waterloo and the following year entered 
into partnership with William Howrey m the establishment of their present 
business, with offices in the Waterloo Savings Bank building. They have since 
handled considerable property, have written a large amount of insurance and 
have done a good business as investment brokers. Mr. Herren is a man of 
energy, is not afraid of hard work, and his indefatigable enterprise and deter- 
mination have led him steadily along the high road toward success. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 321 

In 191 1 Mr. Herren was married to Miss Nelle E. Simpson, of Waterloo. 
He is a member of the Fraternal Union of America, and he and his wife hold 
membership in the Methodist Episcopal church. They are young people of 
sterling- worth, highly esteemed wherever known, and most of ail where they 
are best known. They have a circle of friends almost coextensive with the 
circle of their acquaintance and as the years pass on the number increases. 



WILLIAM WAGNER. 



William Wagner is a member of the firm known as the Wagner & Wood 
Auto Company, conducting a garage at Nos. 1027 and 1029 Sycamore street in 
Waterloo and handling the Herff Brooks and Oldsmobile machines. Llis birth 
occurred in Du Page county, Illinois, in 1853, his parents being Michael and 
Mary Wagner, who emigrated to the United States from Prussia, Germany, in 
1846, and were married in Illinois. In 1869 the father brought his family to 
Iowa, arriving at Raymond, this county, on the 19th of March of that year. He 
purchased one hundred and sixty acres of land adjoining Gilbertsville on the 
east and cultivated the same successfully until his retirement, having paid thirty- 
five dollars per acre for property which, when sold in 1913, brought twenty-two 
thousand six hundred and sixty dollars. His last days were spent in honorable 
retirement at Gilbertsville, where his demise occurred in 1888, while his wife sur- 
vived until 19 1 2. To them were born seven children, all of whom are yet living 
with the exception of one daughter who died at the age of seven years. 

William Wagner received a limited education in his native state and when 
a youth of sixteen accompanied his parents on their removal to Iowa. He 
remained on his father's farm until nineteen years of age and subsequently 
learned the carpenter's trade, working at that occupation for three years. On 
the expiration of that period he engaged in business on his own account in Gil- 
bertsville and later in Waterloo, while in 1885 he went to South Dakota, where 
he was proprietor of a farm machinery establishment until 1890, when he 
returned to Waterloo. In 191 3, in association with William Wood, he estab- 
lished a garage and agency for the Herff Brooks and Oldsmobile cars, under the 
name of the Wagner & Wood Auto Company, which has already built up an 
enterprise of extensive and gratifying proportions. Mr. Wagner is also con- 
ducting a successful real-estate business, handling his own property exclusively. 
He owns a number of residences and town lots in Waterloo and also a quarter 
section of land in Canada. His own handsome home is at No. 207 East Eleventh 
street in Waterloo. 

In 1876 Mr. Wagner was joined in wedlock to Miss Mary Hyde, a native of 
Wisconsin and a daughter of Fred Hyde. Her parents came to Iowa from Wis- 
consin about 1867, taking up their abode in Gilbertsville, where the father was 
engaged in business as a carpenter and contractor until his demise in 1878. The 
mother was called to her final rest in the year 1902. To them were born three 
daughters, of whom Mrs. Wagner is the only survivor. By her marriage she 
has become the mother of three sons, as follows : Michael J., who is associated 
with his father in the automobile business ; Peter, who is a pearl merchant ; and 
William Dewey, who is a high-school student. 



322 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Mr. Wagner gives his political allegiance to the democracy, but the honors 
and emoluments of office have no attraction for him. He and his family are 
devout communicants of the Catholic church. In business his course has been 
characterized by strict fidelity to principle, and in social relations he has displayed 
a courtesy and cordiality which have won him many friends. 



C. T. WILSON. 



C. T. Wilson is a general contractor and builder of Waterloo, with office at 
the corner of Bridge and Commercial streets. He has made thoroughness and 
efficiency his watchwords in connection with business, and by reason of the 
results attained thereby has secured a gratifying patronage. He was born in 
Washington township. Black Hawk county, in 1866, a son of Seth and Sarah 
Parnell (Hitchcock) Wilson. The grandparents were pioneer settlers of Wash- 
ington township, but the parents were both born in Illinois prior to the establish- 
ment of the Wilson and Hitchcock families in this county. Both the paternal 
and maternal grandfather entered land from the government and the paternal 
grandparents remained upon their claim until called to their final rest, Mr. \\'il- 
son having in the meantime converted the place into a highly improved farm. 
The maternal grandfather operated his farm for a time, but in his later years 
removed to Cedar Falls, where both he and his wife passed away. Both families 
were closely associated with a number of the early events that shaped the pioneer 
history of the county, and Grandfather Wilson served on the first jury ever 
impaneled in Black Hawk county. In early days he sawed wood for the Illinois 
Central Railroad to use in their engines. At first Dubuque was their nearest 
market. 

Both Seth Wilson and Sarah Hitchcock were reared in this county and were 
here married. They began their domestic life upon a farm, and Mr. Wilson 
continuously carried on general agricultural pursuits until 1904, when he removed 
to Waterloo, where he still makes his home at the age of seventy-two years. His 
wife, however, passed away in igi2. In their family were three children : C. T. ; 
Mrs. Richards, who is living in Butler county. Iowa; and Carrie, who is employed 
by the Leavitt & Johnson Trust Company of Waterloo. 

C. T. Wilson acquired his education in the public schools of Parkersburg and 
lived upon the home farm until twenty-one years of age, during which period 
he taught school for two years. He afterward spent five years in Cornell Col- 
lege, Iowa, and was graduated therefrom in 1893 on the completion of a course 
in civil engineering. He followed that profession until 1912, and during the 
last nine years was city engineer of Waterloo. Previously he had done survey 
Avork in connection with railroad building. In 1912 he embarked in contracting, 
building and general construction work and has since been active along that 
line in Waterloo and northeastern Iowa, where many important contracts have 
been awarded him. Evidences of his skill and handiwork can be seen in many 
places, and he is widely recognized as one of the leading general contractors of 
his section of the state. As the years have passed on he has prospered in his 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 323 

undertakings and is now the owner of a number of residence properties and 
vacant lots in Waterloo, together with the fine home which he occupies. 

In 1894 Mr. Wilson was united in marriage to Miss Clara Goodale, a native 
of New York, who came to the west with her parents in her childhood days and 
settled in Butler county, where both her father and mother passed away. Airs. 
Wilson is one of the three children of the Goodale family who still survive, the 
others being: Oren E., of Los Angeles, California; and Annie C, who is a 
trained nurse of Iowa City. To Mr. and Mrs. Wilson have been born six chil- 
dren : Dorothy, who was born in 1895 and is now attending college in Mount 
\^ernon ; Anna, who was born in 1897 ^^'^^ is at home; Clarence, who was born 
in 1899 ^^^^ is now a student in the high school; Clara B., who was born in 1901 
and is a high-school pupil; Donald, born in 1907; and Florence, born in 1912. 

The religious faith of the family is that of the Methodist Episcopal denomina- 
tion and Mr. Wilson holds membership with the First Methodist church of 
Waterloo. Lie is quite liberal in his political views although his tendency is 
toward the republican party. He has served on the board of the west side and 
he was a member of the board of water commissioners of Waterloo in con- 
nection with J. M. Groat and J. E. Sedgewick when the plant was taken over 
by the city. He was likewise a member of the school board for nine years and 
has been thus closely connected with important public service and in many ways 
has contributed to the upbuilding and progress of the city in which he makes 
his home. He is guided at all times by the spirit of advancement and this is 
as strongly manifest in his business life as in other connections. 



MRS. WILLIAM C. NASH. 

Mrs. William C. Nash, well known to the theater-going public as Kitty 
De Lorme, was born in Columbus, Ohio, in 1863, and when three years of 
age was brought by her parents to Waterloo. Her father, Luther S. Freeman, 
was a brother of General PI. B. Freeman, of the United States Army. For 
many years Luther S. Freeman was engaged in the harness and saddlery busi- 
ness in Waterloo and he died at the Soldiers' Home in Dayton, Ohio, where 
for several years he played the leading cornet in the band and acted as leader. 
Mr. Freeman was a native of Mount Vernon, Ohio, and at the outbreak of the 
Civil war enlisted for service with an Ohio regiment, with which he remained until 
the close of hostilities. On one occasion he was severely wounded in the left 
shoulder by a musket ball. His wife bore the maiden name of Miss Lydia 
Wilson and was born in Somerset county, Pennsylvania, seventy-nine years ago. 
She is a daughter of Thomas and Lydia Wilson, in whose family were fourteen 
children, and in Ohio she grew to womanhood. Mrs. Nash comes of a family 
noted for histrionic talent. Her brother, Luther B. Freeman, now of Westfield, 
Iowa, was for many years connected with the stage. His sister, known in the 
theatrical world as Nettie Dalton, is now deceased. 

As previously stated, Mrs. Nash was but three years of age when brought 
by her parents to Waterloo. Here she attended the public schools and at four- 
teen years of age began her stage career, playing in children's parts. She was 



324 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

leading lady in the play Burr Oaks for three years, enacting the role of ^largie, 
with David Higgins as leading man. She afterward played the leading lady 
with the De Lorme Stock Company, touring the west for three years. Later 
she was under the management of E. D. Stair, touring in the west for four 
years and still later supported John Dillon, after which she played in a stock com- 
pany in the Calumet theater of Chicago. Again going upon the road, she starred 
as Cigarette in the dramatization of Ouida's Lender Two Flags, and for some time 
thereafter was connected with the Bennett Moulton Dramatic Company, travel- 
ing through the country. Subsequently she played with the International Stock 
Company of Niagara Falls, Canada, and afterward with a stock company in 
Detroit, Michigan. Five years ago she became seriously ill and was forced to 
give up her stage career on account of a general breakdown. She is now suf- 
ficiently recovered, however, to return to the stage and it is expected will repeat 
her former successes which brought her a wide acquaintance and an admiring 
following. 

On the loth of March, 1910, in St. Joseph, Missouri, she became the wife of 
William C. Nash, who was born in Detroit, Michigan, fifty-four years ago and 
is a son of William C. and Theresa (Cahill) Nash. During the thirty-seven 
years of her stage life Mrs. Nash has met with the leading celebrities of both 
the European and American stage. She is a lover of her art and has always 
held to high ideals in connection therewith. Her work has given general satis- 
faction, both upon the road and when she has lieen doing the arduous work of 
a stock company. 



HARRY J. PARKS. 



Harry J. Parks, vice president of the Waterloo Sash & Fixture Works, has 
in his business career advanced steadily step by step. When determination, 
perseverance and talent are arrayed against drawbacks and trials the result is 
almost absolutely certain. The former are invincible, they know no defeat^ — - 
a fact which has been exemplified in the life of Harry J. Parks, who by persistent 
energy has steadily worked his way upward. 

Black Hawk county numbers him among her native sons. He was born 
November 9, 1886, a son of William H. and Anna B. (Hitt) Parks. The latter 
is a native of Waterloo, her father, Harrison Hitt, having come to this city about 
1862. William H. Parks was born in Germany and came to the United States 
with his parents in his boyhood days, the family home being established in 
Waterloo in the early '60s, so that they were among the pioneer settlers of the 
town. The death of Mr. Parks occurred March 4, 191 1, but the mother is still 
living. He was a farmer by occupation and in following that pursuit provided 
a good living for his family. 

Harry J. Parks v/as reared upon the home farm and pursued his education 
in the public schools of La Porte, passing through consecutive grades until he 
became a high-school pupil. He afterward attended the Waterloo Business Col- 
lege, from which he was graduated with the class of 1907. The same spring he 
entered the employ of the Cascade Manufacturing Company, with which he 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 325 

remained for five months. He then entered the employ of the Smith, Lichty & 
Hillman Company, with which he remained but a short time. He then secured 
a position with the Waterloo Sash & Fixture Works in 1908 and the following 
year he purchased stock in the company. In 191 1 he was elected vice president, 
in which official capacity he has since continued, and as such is active in directing 
the interests and shaping the policy of the house. They are conducting a sub- 
stantial and growing business, and as the years pass on their patronage is 
steadily increasing. 

On the i6th of June, 1914, Mr. Parks was united in marriage to Miss Mamie 
E. O'Neill, of Waterloo. They are members of the First Congregational church 
and they occupy an enviable position in social circles, having many warm friends 
in the city and county. Mr. Parks belongs to Helmet Lodge, No. 89, K. of P., 
and to the Brotherhood of American Yeomen. He is recognized as one of the 
progressive young business men of his city. To build up rather than to destroy 
is his broad policy, and he attacks everything with a contagious enthusiasm that 
is productive of substantial results. 



EMERY ERNEST MAGEE, M. D. 

Dr. Emery Ernest Magee, a medical graduate of Northwestern University, 
displayed the elemental strength of his character and his laudable ambition in 
providing for the expenses of his college course in both his literary and pro- 
fessional training. Such a man will always win success, and it is therefore no 
matter of marvel that Dr. Magee stands among the able and eminent physi- 
cians and surgeons of Waterloo. 

He is a native of Black Hawk county, having been born October 28, 1882, 
on the farm near Dunkerton owned by his parents, Edward W. and Sarah Jane 
(Davis) Magee, both of whom are natives of the state of New York. In child- 
hood, however, they accompanied their parents on their removal to McHenry 
county, Illinois, where the marriage of Edward W. Magee and Sarah Jane 
Davis was celebrated in i860. The following year they came to Iowa, settling 
upon the farm in Black Hawk county which has since been their home. To 
his original holdings Mr. Magee has added until he now owns an entire section 
of land and is one of the prosperous farmers of this part of the state. 

Dr. Magee was reared under the parental roof and acquired his preliminary 
education in the public schools. He afterward attended the Iowa Teachers 
College at Cedar Falls, from which he was graduated with the class of 1905, 
winning the degree of B. D. I. He paid his own way through college at Cedar 
Falls and in the autumn of 1905 entered the medical department of the North- 
western University, Chicago, from which he was graduated with the class of 
1909. Again he paid his own way through school by selling books and when he 
left college he had a surplus of five hundred dollars. Subsequent to his gradu- 
ation he acted for two years as interne in the Wesley Hospital of Chicago and 
greatly augmented his knowledge through the broad and varied experience 
which is never gained as quickly in any other way as in hospital practice. On 
leaving that institution he made his way westward to South Dakota and while 



326 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

living in that state purchased a half section of land in Hamlin county, near 
Castlewood. He still owns that property, which has almost doubled in value. 
His first location as a medical practitioner was in Waterloo, where in 191 1 
he opened his office, occupying a commodious suite of rooms in the new First 
National Bank building. His office is splendidly appointed in all of the equip- 
ments and accessories necessary to medical and surgical practice, and he has 
made steady advancement during the years in which he has followed his pro- 
fession in this city. That he keeps in touch with the progress and advanced 
thought of the day is mdicated in the fact that he holds membership in the 
Waterloo City Medical Society, the Black Hawk County ]\Iedical Society, the 
Cedar Valley Austin Flint ^Medical Society, the Iowa State Medical Society 
and the American Medical Association. Dr. IMagee is also a member of the 
Phi Beta Phi, a Greek letter fraternity, and a member of the Board of Trade 
of Waterloo. His interest in the welfare and upbuilding of city and county 
is that of a public-spirited citizen, but he has had no time for office seeking or 
public activities of other character to any extent because of the constantly 
increasing professional demands which are being made upon him. 



JAMES E. ROBINSON. 



James E. Robinson, superintendent of construction, buildings and grounds 
of the low^a State Teachers College of Cedar Falls, is widely and prominently 
known because of his work in this connection, having erected all but two of the 
present college buildings. He was born in Cleveland, Ohio, September 28, 1858, 
and is a son of Peter S. and Sarah J. (Young) Robinson, the former a native 
of London, England, whence he came to the United States with his parents 
when but five years of age, the family home being established in New York city. 
Subsequently they removed to Cincinnati, Ohio, where Peter S. Robinson was 
reared. There he wedded Sarah J. Young, a native of Kentucky, and soon after 
their marriage they went to Cleveland, Ohio, w'here they made their home for 
fifteen years. In 1862 they came west to Iowa, locating in Cedar Falls, which 
was then the terminus of the Illinois Central' Railroad. Here the father built a 
frame dwelling on Fourteenth and Franklin streets. Directly back of the resi- 
dence was an old Indian trail where in his boyhood James E. Robinson saw 
hundreds of Indians pass in a body. The father was a carpenter by trade and 
for many years conducted business as a contractor and builder, erecting many 
of the homes in Cedar Falls in the early years and thus contributing in large 
measure to the improvement of the city. He died in August. 1909, at the age 
of eighty-two years, while his widow still survives and yet makes her home in 
Cedar Falls at the age of eighty-three. She is still hale and hearty and refuses 
to allow anyone to do her housework, insisting that she is able to take care of 
her own home. Her grandfather lived to the remarkable old age of one hun- 
dred and fifteen years and her mother to the age of one hundred and twelve years, 
the latter dying while kneeling in prayer in church. The family is thus noted for 
longevity and there seems to be no reason why Mrs. Robinson should not survive 
for several years to come. 




JAMES E. ROBINSON 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 329 

James E. Robinson was educated in the public and high schools of Cedar 
Falls and in early manhood he learned the carpenter's trade under the direction 
of his father. For fifteen years he worked at his trade as a journeyman and 
then engaged in the contracting and building business, which he followed for 
fourteen years. He built the Methodist church of Cedar Falls, the M. N. Day- 
ton home, the residence of M. N. Harris and many other of the finest homes of 
Cedar Falls. Most of the store buildings of the city have either been erected by 
his father or by himself. For several years he did all of the building of the 
state college and in 1901 he was persuaded by President Seerley to accept the 
position of superintendent of construction, buildings and grounds, since which 
time he has had absolute jurisdiction over all construction work. The magnifi- 
cent buildings erected by him will stand for years as a monument to his skill as 
a builder, and those who know say that he has saved the state many thousands 
of dollars since entering upon his present connection with the school. He is 
familiar with every phase of practical and scientific building and is constantly 
studying and thinking out along the line of his chosen vocation, so that the value 
of his work increases. 

In 1884 ^^^- Robinson was joined in wedlock to Miss Martha Davis, of Rich- 
mond, Indiana, by whom he has three children, as follows : Lilly May, who is 
a graduate of the Iowa State Teachers College and for the past six years has 
been engaged in teaching; Robert Lindsay, who is a student in the dental de- 
partment of the State University of Iowa at Iowa City; and Mary, who is 
attending a training school in Cedar Fall&. 

Mr. Robinson is a republican, stalwart in support of the principles of the 
party. He holds membership with the Modern Woodmen, and he and his wife 
are members of the Presbyterian church. Their many good traits of heart and 
mind have won for them high esteem and warm personal friendships, while the 
business ability of Mr. Robinson has gained him enviable prominence in his 
chosen field. 



ARTHUR I. BUNN, 



Arthur I. Bunn is a partner in the firm of G. W. Bunn & Son, well known 
coal dealers of Waterloo. He was born in Butler county, Iowa, on the 8th of 
March, 1876, and is a son of George W. and Lucy J. (Bass) Bunn. The father 
was born in New Jersey, September 22, 1848, and the mother's birth occurred 
in Illinois on the 13th of October, 1847. The father remained in his native state 
until about his tenth year, when he accompanied his parents on their removal 
to Du Page county, Illinois, and in 1866 they went to Butler county, Iowa, 
where Peter Bunn, the grandfather of our subject, spent his remaining days, 
passing away about 1898. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Mary Hum- 
mer, died four years later in Waterloo, having made her home with her son 
George W. after the death of her husband. 

On attaining his majority George W. Bunn engaged in farming in Butler 
county, devoting his attention to general agricultural pursuits until November, 
1886, when he put aside the work of the fields and took up his abode in Waterloo. 



Vol. II— IS 



330 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

Immediately afterward he engaged in the coal business in partnership with B. D. 
Smith, under the firm style of Smith & Bunn, which relationship continued for 
three years, at the end of which time Mr. Bunn became sole proprietor of the 
business. He continued alone for twenty-two years, or until 191 1, when he 
admitted his son Arthur to a partnership, at which time the present firm name 
of G. W. Bunn & Son was assumed. 

No event of special importance occurred to vary the routine of life for 
Arthur I. Bunn in his boyhood. At the usual age he entered the public schools 
and ultimately became a pupil in the West Side high school, from which he was 
graduated with the class of 1893. The following year he entered the drug store 
of J. J. Knapp of Waterloo and took up the study of pharmacy. In 1895 he 
became a student in the pharmaceutical department of the Northwestern Uni- 
versity of Chicago, from which he was graduated in 1896. For four years 
thereafter he was identified with the drug business and then joined his father, 
since which time he has been connected with the coal trade. In 191 1 he was 
admitted to a partnership and has since been active in the management and 
control of the business, v/hich has now reached extensive and gratifying pro- 
portions. The firm of G. W. Bunn &: Son is among the leading coal dealers 
of the city. 

In 1900 was celebrated the marriage of Arthur I. Bunn and Miss Isabella 
Aitken, of Cedar Falls, Iowa, a daughter of \\'. T. Al. Aitken, who for several 
years was city clerk of Cedar Falls but is now living retired. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bunn are the parents of three children, Mildred, George and Arthur. 

Mr. Bunn exercises his right of franchise in support of the men and mea- 
sures of the republican party. His fraternal connections are with Waterloo 
Lodge, No. 105, F. & A. M. ; Tabernacle Chapter, No. 52, R. A. M. ; Crescent 
Council, No. 16, R. & S. M.; Ascalon Commandery, No. 25, K. T. ; El Kahir 
Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., of Cedar Rapids; and both he and his wife are 
members of the Order of the Eastern Star. They are likewise members of 
the First iMethodist Episcopal church of Waterloo and Mr. Bunn is connected 
with the Waterloo Board of Trade and the Town Criers Club, the latter an- 
organization which has for its prime object the advancement of the city's busi- 
ness affairs and the promotion of its civic interests. He has spent much of his 
life in this city and has been a cooperant in various measures and movements 
for the general good. He is highly esteemed wherever known and most of all 
where best known. 



SAMUEL MORRELL HOFF. 

Samuel Morrell Hofif was the first marshal of Waterloo and served on the 
police force for nine years. He has been connected with many other public posi- 
tions and throughout all the years has been a progressive, public-spirited citizen 
who has done much to further the welfare and upbuilding of Black Hawk county. 

He was born in Allen township. Union county, Ohio, December 12, 1837. 
His grandfather, William Hofif, married Rebecca Johnston and followed the 
occupation of farming in A'irginia until his death. He was a soldier in the \\\ir 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 331 

of 1 812. His father, Anthony W. Hofif, was born in Barber county, Virginia, 
and was married there to Elizabeth Poland. He died in Ohio, after which his 
widow became the wife of Joshua S. Eaton, and her death also occurred in the 
Buckeye state. To Anthony W. Hoff and his wife were born five children: 
Sarah P., who became the wife of Isaac Broderick and died in Ohio ; Rachel J., 
who first married Leonard Lott and after his death married James Wallace, 
of Villisca, Iowa; Samuel M. ; Rebecca Ann, who became the wife of Edmund 
Foote and died in Ohio; and Minerva Jane, who became the wife of James 
Leonard and passed away in Missouri. 

Samuel M. Hoff, whose name introduces this review, was sent to the old- 
fashioned district school in his early youth. His father was a farmer by occu- 
pation but was killed when his son was but five years of age, being murdered 
by a fellow who objected to his giving in evidence which made plain some shady 
transactions carried on by certain grafters. He was just returning on horseback 
from a visit to relatives in Indiana and was seen to enter a strip of woods near 
his home. The horse went home riderless and his body was never recovered. 
He left five children and, as stated, Samuel M. Hoff was then but five years of 
age. The mother kept the children together for five years and then married 
again, at which time the children went to live with their grandfather Hoff'. 

Samuel M. Hoff came to Iowa with an older married sister, Mrs. Leonard 
Lott. He was at that time seventeen years of age. The town of W^aterloo con- 
tained one hundred and eight houses situated on both sides of the river, some 
built of logs and others of slabs, but that year there were seven brick dwellings 
erected, lie first worked at anything he could find to do, being employed in a 
brickyard, in cutting logs and in rafting on the Cedar river. In these various 
ways he was employed up to the time of his marriage, which was celebrated July 
19, 1857, Miss Mary Jane Collins of Waterloo becoming his wife. She was born 
in the state of Massachusetts, July 19, 1839, and was brought to Iowa when 
about eighteen years of age by her parents, Joseph and Sarah (Blackwell) Col- 
lins. Mr. and Mrs. Hoff began their domestic life in Waterloo, where they lived 
until after the outbreak of the Civil war, when Mr. Hoff', prompted by a spirit 
of patriotism, offered his services to the government, enlisting on the 13th of 
June, 1861, as a member of Company G, First Iowa Cavalry, for three years. 
The regiment was attached to the Trans-Mississippi Department. He was under 
the command of Colonel Warren and General Curtis and participated in the bat- 
tle of Blackwater, Missouri, December 19, 1861. He took part in various other 
engagements, and at the end of three years received an honorable discharge at 
Davenport. Iowa, on the 9th of September, 1864, and returned home. He was 
promoted to corporal and later to first sergeant. 

His wife had died on the 29th of February, 1864, leaving a little daughter. 
Sarah Ellen, then two years of age, who was placed in the care of her maternal 
grandmother, Mrs. Sarah Collins, and it was not until after leaving the army 
when he returned home, that Mr. Hoff first saw his daughter, as her birth 
occurred after he left for the front. She remembers distinctly the Indians com- 
ing to her grandmother's home, for such were pioneer conditions at that time. 
This daughter, Sarah Ellen, was born in Waterloo, was educated in the public 
schools and on the 26th of April, 1877, became the wife of John R. Hostetter, by 
whom she had one child, Guy R., who was born August 15, 1879. He attended 



332 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

the public schools, learned the machinist's trade and has married Amelia Peter- 
son. Mrs. Hostetter contracted a second marriage with Harry G. Ludden. For 
his second wife Mr. Hoff chose Harriet Maiissa Baumgardner, with whom he 
long traveled life's journey most happily. She was a daughter of Jacob Baum- 
gardner, a farmer, and she died December 26, 1910, in the faith of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, of which she was a devoted and earnest member. 

Mr. Hoff followed farming in early manhood but in August, 1868, was 
appointed to the position of marshal of Waterloo, being the first occupant of 
that position. Much of his life has been devoted to public service. He was 
on the police force for nine years, was street commissioner for two years, was 
deputy sheriff for four years under \\'. W. Edginton, and was again marshal 
for five years. For fourteen years he filled the office of assistant city engineer. 
His long continuance in public positions indicates how faithfully and promptly 
he must have discharged his duties else he would not have been continued 
therein. Abraham Lincoln said: "You can fool all of the people some of the 
time and some of the people all of the time, but you can't fool all of the people 
all of the time." This is the safeguard of the American public in regard to office 
liolding. An unworthy man may obtain a position, but his incapability or 
infidelity will at length come to life and he will receive public censure. That 
Mr. Hoff was so long in office is an indication of his trustworthiness and ability. 
He has ever been an interested witness of the growth and progress of Waterloo, 
which he has seen advance from a tiny village of one hundred and eight houses 
to its present size and importance, and he has been associated with many events 
which have marked its progress and he can relate many interesting incidents of 
the early days and of points which feature in the upbuilding of the city. 



C. F. GREEN, 



For the past eighteen years C. F. Green has acted as general agent of the 
Aetna Life Insurance Company for the state of Iowa, representing the accident 
and health departments and maintaining offices at Nos. 204 and 205 Commercial 
Bank building ni \\'aterloo. His birth occurred at Troy Hills, New Jersey, on 
the 17th of June, 1847, ^'^is parents being Benjamin B. and Hannah (Righler) 
Green, Avho spent their entire lives in Morris county, that state. The father 
operated both a flour mill and sawmill until the time of his retirement from 
active business life. His family numbered three sons and two daughters. 

C. F. Green, the youngest and only surviving member of his father's family, 
attended the schools of his native state in the acquirement of an education. In 
1868, when a young man of twenty-one, he came west to Iowa, arriving at 
Waterloo in June of that year. For one year he remained on a farm with a 
cousin and then went to Princeton, Illinois, while subsequently he removed to 
^^'alnut, that state, where for a few years he conducted a general store in 
association with Isaac Kelly. In 1873 ^e returned to Black Hawk county, pur- 
chased a farm in Poyner township and successfully carried on general agricul- 
tural pursuits until 1877. In December of the latter year he entered the mail 
service, continuing therein until July 26. 1886. when he became identified with 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 333 

the insurance business, with which he has been connected continuously to the 
present time. On the loth of January, 1897, he was appointed general agent 
for the Aetna Life Lisurance Company and has since acted for the same in 
the state of Iowa, bringing the work up to a high standard and proving a 
valued and able representative of the company. He owns considerable resi- 
dence property and resides in a handsome home in Waterloo. 

At Princeton, Illinois, Mr. Green was united in marriage to Miss Louisa A. 
Bunn, a native of Peoria, Illinois, and a daughter of Peter Bunn, who passed 
away in the Prairie state. Mr. and Mrs. Green have six children, three sons 
and three daughters, as follows : B. F. is engaged in the automobile business at 
Decatur, Illinois ; George 15. , engaged in the insurance business in association 
with his father, is married and has three children, Maxine, Edwin and Louise ; 
C. R. is also associated with his father in the insurance business; Nellie N., a 
high-school graduate, is at home; Susie L. gave her hand in marriage to Floyd 
McRae, of Kansas City, Missouri ; and Mrs. Plannah M. Couch, a widow, 
lives with her father and has two children, Margaret and George R. 

The religious faith of the family is that of the Presbyterian church. Well 
known in the county where he has so long resided, Mr. Green has won uniform 
trust and goodwill by reason of a life which in all of its phases has been straight- 
forward and honorable. 



R. J. HOXIE. 



Waterloo has developed with marvelous rapidity in the last decade and has 
become an important industrial and commercial center. The spirit of progress 
and advancement is rife in its business circles and among the alert, energetic and 
progressive men of Waterloo is numbered R. J. Hoxie, the secretary and man- 
ager of the Waterloo Fruit & Commission Company. His birth occurred in 
Barclay township. Black Hawk county, on the ist of April, 1879, his parents 
being Hiram B. and Ruth (Pierce) Hoxie, both of whom are natives of central 
New York. They were married, however, at Mount Carroll, Illinois, while on 
their way to Black Hawk county, Iowa. After reaching his destination Hiram 
B. lioxie purchased a farm in Barclay township and devoted his energies to gen- 
eral agricultural pursuits for a number of years, remaining upon that property 
until 1888, when he was elected to the office of county sheriff and removed to 
Waterloo, where he has since resided. He continued to occupy that position 
for four terms, his capability and loyalty, manifest in the prompt and fearless 
manner in which he discharged his duties, leading to his election again and 
again. Subsequently he became associated with the Waterloo Fruit & Com- 
mission Company as traveling buyer but during the past two years has lived 
retired, enjoying a rest which he has truly earned and richly deserves. 

R. J. Hoxie spent his boyhood and youth in his native county and supple- 
mented the work of the grammar grades in the public schools of Waterloo by 
a course in the East high school, from which he was graduated with the class 
of 1897. Thus qualified for a business career, he began earning his living the 
following year as an employe of the Chicago Great Western Railroad Company, 



334 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

his position being a minor one. The following year he served as night call boy 
for the Illinois Central Railroad Company and in 1899, on the organization of 
the Waterloo Fruit & Commission Company, he entered its employ and gradu- 
ally worked his way upward from a humble position to that of secretary and 
general manager of the company, to which he was elected in January, 191 3. 
He now acts in the dual capacity and is directing the interests of one of the 
important commercial enterprises of the cit)^ He is thoroughly acquainted with 
every phase of the business, which he mastered in principle and detail as he 
worked his way upward. His administrative direction results in success and 
his executive control has brought about a careful systemization of the business 
that results in judicious purchases, profitable sales and economic management 
of every phase of the business. 

In 1904 ^Ir. Hoxie was united in marriage to Miss Anna E. Artz, of Bur- 
lington. Iowa, by whom he has two children, John A. and R. Hiram. Mr. 
Hoxie is well known in fraternal circles as a member of Waterloo Lodge, Xo. 
290. A. F. & A. ^L. and of the Knights of Pj-thias lodge. He also belongs to 
the \\'aterloo Commercial Club. 'He and his wife are members of the Congre- 
gational church and their influence is always on the side of right and order, 
truth and justice. ^Ir. Hoxie is also interested in all those public affairs which are 
a matter of civic virtue and civic pride and cooperates in ever)' movement for the 
public good, although he has never been an office seeker, preferring to concen- 
trate his efforts rather upon his business affairs. 



C. R. HUTCHESOX. 



The position of C. R. Hutcheson in business circles is somewhat unique in 
that he is president and manager of the Corn Publishing Company, publishing 
the only corn magazine in the world. Moreover, his enviable position in the regard 
of his fellow townsmen is largely indicated in the fact that he has been honored 
with the presidency of the Town Criers Club and is now the chief executive of 
that organization. 

Mr. Hutcheson is a native of Cedar county, Iowa, and in the pursuit of his 
education was graduated from the high school at Springdale, after which he 
entered Ames College and completed a course in the agricultural department by 
graduation with the class of 1912. When at Ames he was manager of the col- 
lege pubhcation and thus made his initial step toward the work in which he is 
now engaged. He came to Waterloo in January, 191 2, and in partnership with 
two others established the Com ^^lagazine. Since that time, however, he has 
bought out the interests of his partners and is now conducting the only publica- 
tion of the kind in the world. He is a student of the signs of the times in rela- 
tion to the field covered by the Com Magazine and he has made his publication 
of great value to those who wish information along that line. Moreover, he is 
the president of the Hutcheson Realty Company, which owns and controls con- 
siderable property. He is a man of determined purpose. carr\'ing forward to 
successful completion whatever he undertakes. His plans are carefully formu- 
lated and promptly executed and he possesses enlightened and broad-minded 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 335 

views. He recognizes specific needs along the distinctive line chosen for his 
life work and his has been an active career, in which he has accomplished 
important and far-reaching results. 

Mr. Hutcheson is a contributing factor to the grow'th, development and 
progress of his city as is indicated in the fact that he is a member of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce and also of the Commercial Club and Board of Trade and 
cooperates heartily in the plans and projects put forth by those organizations 
for the benefit and upbuilding of the city and the extension of its business con- 
nections. He is likewise a member of the Waterloo Club and of the Town 
Criers Club, of which he is now the president. One who knows him well, 
speaking of him in the common parlance of the day said- "He is a live wire. 
What he attempts he will do and the doing is usually of significance to the city." 



A. T. WHITTLE. 



A. T. Whittle is engaged in the real-estate and insurance business in Waterloo. 
In former years he was identified with agricultural interests in Benton county 
but has retired from the work of the farm to concentrate his energies upon the 
business that now claims his attention. Xew England claims him as a native 
son, his birth having occurred in York, Maine, in 1868. He spent a portion of 
his youth in that section of the country and in 1883. when fifteen years of age, 
left the Pine Tree state for the middle west, settling first upon a farm near 
Mnton, Iowa. From that time forw^ard until a period of two decades had been 
covered he was engaged in general agricultural pursuits and became the owmer 
of a farm in Benton county, which he cultivated and improved until 1904, when 
he sold his land and removed to AA'aterloo, where he has since operated in the 
field of real estate and insurance. He confines his attention largely to specu- 
lative building, erecting dwellings for sale. He has thus built and sold forty- 
five dififerent residences in three years and has added much to the development 
and improvement of the city. He studies the question of building from the 
standpoints of comfort, utility and beauty, and in his operations he has enhanced 
the fine appearance of the city through the class of buildings which he has erected. 
He also handles farm land beside city propert}' and at all times he is the ow^ner 
of much valuable acreage as well as a number of residences. His own home is 
one of the attractive places of Waterloo, pleasantly situated at the corner of 
Eleventh and Hawthorne streets. 

In 1889 Mr. ^^^hittle vras united in marriage to Miss Louie E. Williamson, 
a native of Harrisburg. Indiana, and a daughter of Daniel ^^'i^iamson. She 
came to Iowa wath her parents in 1870. To Air. and Mrs. Whittle have been 
born nine children. Harold F., who was born in 1891, is a graduate of the 
Northwestern L^niversity of Chicago and is now assistant industrial promoter 
of the Association of Commerce of Chicago. Gladys is also a graduate of the 
Northwestern University and is now principal of the school of Coggon, Iowa, 
where she is teaching Latin and German. Glenn C. is a student in the North- 
western University. Lucile is attending school and expects to graduate from 
the high school of Waterloo with the class of 191 5. Elizabeth. Doris. A. T., Jr., 



336 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

and Helen are all pupils in the graded schools of Waterloo, and Darlyne Bryan 
completes the family. 

Mr. Whittle and his family are of the United Brethren faith, holding mem- 
bership in the church in Waterloo. Fraternally he is connected with the Masons 
and Odd Fellows and has passed through all the chairs in both organizations. 
His political allegiance is given the democratic party, and he is an active worker 
in its ranks, doing all in his power to further its growth and extend its influence, 
yet never seeking nor desiring public office. His has been an active and useful 
life and in the years of his residence in Black Hawk county he has won many 
friends who esteem him highly for his sterling personal worth. 



JAMES T. CANNON, 



James T. Cannon is engaged in the real-estate business at Waterloo and 
transacts a large volume of business each year. He was born at Chester, Iowa, 
on the 9th of August, 1874, a son of James and Eliza (Noonan) Cannon. His 
maternal grandmother lived to the very remarkable age of one hundred and 
right years and his maternal grandfather lived to be eighty-five years old. IJoth 
i\lr. and Mrs. James Cannon were born in County Clare, Ireland, but were 
married in this county. The former emigrated to America when seventeen years 
of age and located in Wisconsin, where he was employed upon the rivers, but 
subsequently emigrated to Iowa. In 1874 he went to Howard county, this state, 
and purchased one hundred and sixty acres of land, upon which he made his 
home until about 1895. He then removed to Cresco, Iowa, and is now living 
there, enjoying well deserved leisure, as he has retired from active business life. 
He is eighty years of age and his wife, who also survives, is seventy years old. 
They became the parents of twelve children: Harry, a physician and surgeon of 
St.. Paul, Minnesota ; Edward, who is chief counsel for the Northern Pacific 
Railroad Company in the state of Washington and resides in Spokane ; Mary, 
the wife of M. A. Montague, who is engaged in the real-estate business in Rice- 
ville, Iowa; Lydia, the wife of P. M. Daley, who is employed by the govern- 
ment at Washington, D. C. ; John, who is assistant counsel for the Northern 
Pacific Railroad and resides at Spokane; Margaret, the wife of F. J. O'Rourke, 
a newspaper editor of Rockf ord, Illinois ; George, who is general agent for a 
life insurance company and resides in Spokane; James T., of this review; Mar- 
cella, the wife of Thomas Garrity, who resides in Valdez, Alaska, where he is 
serving as deputy United States marshal and also engaged in mining ; Theresa, 
a i)ublic-school nurse residing at St. Paul, Minnesota; Katherine, who is at 
home with her parents; and Michael, the ninth in order of birth, who died at 
the age of fourteen months. 

James T. Cannon had but meager educational opportunities, but his native 
intelligence and habit of close observation have enabled him to acquire a good 
general knowledge. He remained upon the farm with his father until he 
attained his majority and then went west, being employed in a smelter in Ana- 
conda, Montana, until 1898. He then enlisted in Company K, First Montana 
Infantry, for service in the Spanish- American war and was with the colors in 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 337 

the Philippines. After being ni the army for eighteen months he was mustered 
out at San Francisco and then went upon the road as a traveling salesman with 
headquarters at Chicago. 

After spending about six years in that way Mr. Cannon entered the life 
insurance field. He came to Waterloo in 1910 and engaged in the real-estate 
business. He had previously spent three years with large real-estate concerns 
in the northwest, and this experience has proved of great value to him. He is 
manager of the James T. Cannon Land Company, which handles local lands, 
and realty in others parts of Iowa and in Minnesota and Dakota. He is an 
excellent judge of the value of a tract of land and as his business methods are 
up-to-date and efficient he derives a handsome income from his operations in 
real estate. He is also manager of a branch office of the Iowa Serum Company 
and devotes much time to his work in that connection. 

Mr. Cannon was reared in the faith of the Roman Catholic church and has 
never departed therefrom. In politics he is a democrat. He has found the 
real-estate business congenial and well adapted to his talents and has been very 
successful in that line of activity. His integrity has never been questioned and 
his personal friends are many. 



LOUIS J. LAURITZEN. 

Louis J. Lauritzen is president of the Lauritzen Construction Company, 
Incorporated, and of Lauritzen & Wasson, Incorporated, building contractors 
of Waterloo. His is the record of a strenuous life — the record of a strong 
individuality, sure of itself, stable in purpose, quick in perception, swift in 
decision and energetic and persistent in action. 

A native of Denmark, Mr. Lauritzen was born on the 8th of September, 
1867, and is a son of Anders and Johane ( Johansen) Lauritzen, both of whom 
died in Denmark. In the public schools of his native country the son acquired 
his education and in 1886, when nineteen years of age, bade adieu to friends 
and native land and sailed for the new world. He made his way first to Man- 
kato, Minnesota. He had previously learned something of the bricklayer's 
trade under the direction of his father, who, however, desired his son to become 
a farmer ; but the work of tilling the soil was not congenial to him and after 
arriving in America he took up the bricklayer's trade, finding employment with 
Thomas Russell, in whose service he remained for three years. Subsequently 
he continued work at the brick-mason's trade in Minnesota and Wisconsin until 
1894, when, in, company with his brother John, he engaged in the contracting 
business for himself at Fergus Falls, Minnesota, as a member of the firm of 
Lauritzen Brothers. 

In 1904 he came to Waterloo and the partnership between the two brothers 
was continued for two years thereafter. In 1906, however, their business con- 
nection was dissolved and Louis J. Lauritzen conducted his interests inde- 
pendently for five years. In 191 1 he entered into partnership with Charles Was- 
son and the firm of Lauritzen & Wasson was incorporated, with Mr. Lauritzen 
as president of the company. In May, 1914, he was the organizer of the Laurit- 



338 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

zen Construction Company, of which he was also made president. The two 
corporations are separate and distinct and both are operative, conducting good 
business. Mr. Lauritzen decided to locate in Waterloo through receiving the 
contract for the building of the postoffice in this city. After the completion of 
this important contract he saw a future for himself in his field of labor here 
and determined to make Waterloo his permanent abode. Since that time many 
buildings have been erected by him independently or as a member of the two 
companies with which he is now associated. These include the John Fisk school, 
the McKinley school, the Emerson school, the Home Park school, the Congre- 
gational church, the First Methodist Episcopal church, the Grace Methodist 
Episcopal church, which is the finest and largest church edifice in the state, the 
Hildebrandt fiats and the Goodrich fiats. He also built two infirmary hospitals 
lor the state, one at Independence and one at Cherokee, Iowa, the First Meth- 
odist Episcopal church at Muscatine, the Central Presbyterian church at Rock 
Island, Illinois, the United Presbyterian church at Winfield, Iowa, the United 
Presbyterian church at Traer, the high school at Manchester, the O'Brien 
County Plome at Primghar, and at the present time the Lauritzen Construction 
Company is building" the Rose Hill school in Waterloo and the high school 
budding at Colesburg, Iowa. No further evidence need be given of the fact 
that Mr. Lauritzen stands as one of the leading contractors in his section of 
the state, so many and important have been the contracts which have been 
awarded him. 

In 1891, at Fergus Falls, Minnesota, Mr. Lauritzen was joined in wedlock 
to Miss Marie Hanson, who is a native of Schleswig-Holstein, and came to the 
United States in 1888. They now have three daughters, namely: Mamie, 
Agnes and Georgie. 

Fraternally Mr. Lauritzen is identified with the following organizations : 
Waterloo Lodge, No. 105, A. F. & A. M. ; Fergus Falls Chapter. R. A. M. ; and 
Helmet Lodge, No. 89, K. P., of Waterloo. Mrs. Lauritzen is a member of the 
Christian Science church. Mr. Lauritzen exercises his right of franchise in 
support of the men and measures of the republican party, but while he keeps 
well informed on the questions and issues of the day and is ever ready to sup- 
port his position by intelligent argument, he does not seek nor desire ofiice. 
His business affairs make full demand upon his time and energies, and he has 
made steady advancement, becoming a prominent figure in industrial circles yet 
without allowing personal interest or ambition to dwarf his public spirit or 
activities. 



W. E. ROBINSON. 



W. E. Robinson is secretary and treasurer of the Headford Brothers & 
Hitchins Foundry Company of Waterloo. He became connected with this com- 
pany when a lad of but fifteen years and throughout the intervening period to 
the present time has gradually advanced until he has reached his present posi- 
tion. He was born in Dubuque, Iowa, in 1883 and»pursued a public-school edu- 
cation to the age of fifteen years, when he entered the employ of the Headford 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 339 

Brothers & Hitchins Foundry Company at Dubuque. He has continued with 
the business for sixteen years and gradually has worived his way upward, 
advancement coming to him in recognition of his diligence, his determination 
and his sterling worth. For the past year he has been secretary and treasurer 
of the company and therefore has voice in its management and in shaping and 
directing its policy. In 1903 the plant was removed from Dubuque to Waterloo, 
where the business has since been continued. The foundry is well equipped with 
modern machinery and the output is most marketable, finding a ready sale by 
reason of the durability and excellence of the manufactured articles. 

In 1909 Mr. Robinson was married to Miss Maude Brunk, of Des Moines, 
and they have two children, William Charles and Mary Elizabeth. The parents 
are members of the Central Christian church and Mr. Robinson is serving on 
the official board. He is a third degree Mason and in his life exemplifies the 
spirit of the craft and the teachings of the church, for he is ever loyal to the 
cause which he espouses. He is yet a young man but has already attained a 
position that many a one of twice his years might well envy and his salient 
characteristics are such as to make it an easy matter to prophesy further advance- 
ment in the future. 



HARRY KRENSKY. 



Harry Krensky, engaged in the grocery business at Waterloo, was born in 
the town of Austrine, Russia, May 25, 1874. He there attended school and 
when but a boy began to earn his own living. His father was a hotel keeper. 
The son left school at the age of fourteen and when sixteen years of age came 
to the United States with the intention of building up a business and assisting 
his parents at home. He sailed from Hamburg on the steamship Hannah and 
landed at New York, whence he went to Boston. There he found work as a 
clerk in the store of his uncle, R. Krensky, clerking without pay for a year and 
afterward receiving ten dollars per year. Later he drove a wagon for one year 
and at the end of that period bought a grocery store, which he conducted for a 
year. He then sold out and secured employment in a tin shop. Still later he 
worked in a tailor shop, making ladies' waists, and in order to get along he 
shined shoes and did anything that would bring him in an honest dollar. He 
afterward engaged in bottling pop and in this way and that he struggled on, 
trying to gain a financial foothold. About that time his father came to the new 
world and with him Mr. Krensky went to New York, where he began clerking 
in a grocery store for five dollars per week, sleeping behind the counter. He 
worked his way upward until he was given a salary of ten dollars per week and, 
saving his earnings, he purchased a grocery store and also ran a bakery wagon, 
making as high as fifty dollars per week. He spent three years on the wagon 
and afterward entered the employ of the Fleischmann Yeast Company, represent- 
ing that concern as a salesman at a salary of twenty-five dollars per week. Still 
later he was employed in the wholesale grocery house of Francis H. Leggett as 
manager, continuing in that position for a year and a half. He was next con- 
nected with the Jersey Model Baking Company of Hoboken. New York. 



340 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

On the 13th of September, 1903, in New York, Air. Krensky was married to 
Miss Julia Rubenowich, a daughter of Samuel Rubenowich. She was born in 
Gradnow, Russia, and came to the United States with her sister Mayme, who is 
now the wife of Morris Rosenbloom, who was born in Welney, Russia, Febru- 
ary 15, 1884, and when seven years of age was brought across the Atlantic to 
Boston, where he attended school. He afterward followed various employ- 
ments and in February, 1910, came to Waterloo, where he has since been in 
the employ of Mr. Krensky. To Mr. and Mrs. Rubenowich have been born 
three children. Mr. and Mrs. Krensky have become the parents of four chil- 
dren, Jennie, Esther, Isadore and Annie. 

At the time of Mr. Krensky's marriage his wife assisted him to the extent 
of two hundred and fifty dollars, which he wisely invested. Leaving Hoboken, 
he purchased a store at No. 420 Vv^illis avenue, New York, and conducted it 
for three years. He then came to Waterloo, having sold his store, which brought 
him a profit of four hundred dollars. When he came to W^aterloo he had one 
thousand dollars and this he invested in a stock of groceries, opening his present 
store. He has since conducted a growing and profitable business, and he has a 
livery and sales stable in connection therewith. He likewise owns property 
and as the years have gone by he has met with substantial and gratifying success, 
so directing his efforts that he is now numbered among the substantial merchants 

of the city. 

Mr. Krensky is a member of the Jewish church and also has membership 
in the Order Brith Abraham. His political allegiance is given to the republican 
party, and he keeps well informed on the questions and issues of the day, so 
that he is able to support his position by intelligent argument. He deserves 
much credit for what he has accomplished, for he has been dependent entirely 
upon his own resources, working his way upward through persistent and inde- 
fatigable energy, seeking the assistance of no one and depending entirely upon 
his own labors for the position to which he has attained. 



GEORGE TUTHILL. 



George Tuthill is the proprietor of the Cedarcroft Farm, an attractive and 
valuable property situated on section 36, Washington township. There he car- 
ries on general farming and stock-raising and he was also a pioneer nurseryman 
of the county, having established a nursery which he conducted two or three 
years before the outbreak of the Civil war. He is now one of the venerable 
citizens of this section of the state, having passed the eighty-second milestone 
on life's journey. He was born in 1832, near Scranton, Pennsylvania, his par- 
ents being Nathaniel and Fannie (Smith) Tuthill, both of whom were natives 
of Orange county. New York. In 1827 Nathaniel Tuthill removed to Pennsyl- 
vania and resided there for thirty years, after which he went to western New 
York, passing away at King Ferry, Cayuga county, that state, when eighty years 
of age. To him and his wife were born eight children, of whom six have passed 
away, the others being George, of this review, and Mrs. Fannie Chase, whose 
home is in Albany, Oregon. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 341 

George Tuthill spent the days of his boyhood and youth under the parental 
roof and acquired a pubhc-school education. He came to Iowa in 1855 and to 
Black Hawk county in 1856 and following the outbreak of the Civil war enlisted 
for service as a member of Company K, Third Iowa Infantry. He went to 
the front and was with his command for three and a half years, participating in 
a number of hotly contested engagements which led up to the final victory that 
crowned the Union arms. After his discharge he made his way back home and 
settled upon the farm which he had purchased previous to the war, having 
owned it since i860. He then discontinued the nursery business, for his nursery 
stock had been largely destroyed during the time which he spent at the front in 
defense of the Union. After his return he concentrated his energies vipon farm- 
ing and stock-raising and his labors have been attended with gratifying results. 
He has improved and developed two hundred acres of land situated on section 
36, Washington township. Black Hawk county, and eighty acres in Bremer 
county. The tract was wild prairie when it came into his possession but his 
labors have wrought a marked transformation and the land today constitutes 
one of the highly cultivated properties of Washington township. He is also 
the owner of city real estate in Cedar Falls, having made judicious investments 
in property there. He also located two of his sons in Kossuth county upon a 
half section of land which is now owned by his son, Edgar F. Tuthill. 

It was in 1857 that Mr. Tuthill was united in marriage to Miss Christina 
Anderson, who was born in Canada and was of Scotch parentage. They had 
a family of three sons: George, who is now Hving in Pasadena, California, and 
is connected with the United States mail service; Edgar F., who is living in 
Kossuth county, Iowa, where he owns a farm of four hundred and eighty acres 
of valuable land ; and Fred, who is operating the old homestead. 

Mr. Tuthill is liberal in his political views. He served for three years as a 
member of the board of county supervisors, in which connection he discharged 
his duties with promptness and fidelity. He has never been neglectful of the 
duties of citizenship and his cooperation has proven an element in the work of 
advancement along lines contributing to the general welfare. He holds mem- 
bership with the Grand Army of the Republic and has ever been as true and 
loyal to. his country as when he wore the nation's blue uniform upon the battle- 
fields of the south. At the age of eighty-two years he is living practically 
retired, yet he keeps in touch with the work of the farm and the questions of 
the day and he enjoys the respect, confidence and good-will of all who know him. 
Many changes have occurred since he came to the county and he is classed with 
those who have brought about the present agricultural development of this 
section of the state. 



WILLIAM F. NATION. 



William F. Nation, a retired farmer living in Waterloo, is a native lowan 
and an old soldier. Moreover, he has had vast and wide experience, having 
spent a long time in the saddle as a cowboy, while in Colorado and Nebraska in 
.frontier days he was a member of the band of vigilantes formed to crush out the 



342 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

crime that was then rampant. He was born upon a farm in Center Point town- 
ship, Benton county, Iowa, August 25, 1844. His father, Joel Nation, a native 
of Virginia, died in Benton county. His mother bore the maiden name of Mary 
A. Gritten, and her father was one of the soldiers of the American army in the 
Revolutionary war. 

William F. Nation was born on the banks of the Cedar river and the localtiy 
is very dear to him, for he has spent the greater part of his life along that beau- 
tiful stream. In early manhood he went to the west and he saw the hard life 
with all of its roughness and its crime when horse thieves and bandits inaug- 
urated a reign of terror. His birth occurred on the deadline between the white 
and the red men and in his early childhood he saw fifty Indians to one white 
settler. Flis opportunities for an education were only such as could be secured 
in the little old schoolhouse with its hewed log benches. His father died when 
William F. Nation was but five years of age and the mother, left with a family 
of three children, kept the little ones together for a year or so. On one occa- 
sion the Indians manifested such hostility that in the night, with her three 
children, she fled to a neighbor's, going two and a half miles through the snow. 
The father had taken up one hundred and sixty acres of land before his death 
and upon that claim the mother lived and strove to bring up her family. When 
William was seven years of age she removed to a farm at Center Point and an 
older brother then began w'orking out, but William F. was still so small that 
he could do little. The first year that he worked he received one hundred bushels 
of corn in compensation for his service. The following year he was employed 
at eight dollars per month. Flis w^ages were increased as he grew older and more 
efficient, but there were many years in which the family struggled hard for a 
living. The mother eked out their scanty income by doing washing for the 
neighbors. Later, however, she became the wife of Gabriel Sayer, and about 
that time William F. Nation left home and worked for others. After his sister 
married he worked for his brother-in-law. 

Following the outbreak of the Civil war he enlisted in September, 1862, 
when a youth of eighteen, as a member of Company F, One Hundred and Second 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry, with which he served for nine months. He was 
taken prisoner at Bowding Green, Kentucky, but was paroled at the end of three 
days by Captain George H. Ward, who said he would rather fight than feed 
the Union men. lie started them for the Ohio river and finally Mr. Nation 
reached Springfield, Illinois, where he reported to his officer, showing him his 
parole papers. The officer wished to put him on garrison duty until the close 
of the war, but Mr. Nation said: "No! Shoot me or send me to my regiment." 
He finally skipped out and made his way to the depot. A lieutenant told him 
to try to enlist in the cavalry, which he did. Fie was sent to Peoria, but owing 
to the fact that he was out on parole, could not serve and returned home. He 
found his mother in destitute circumstances. Before he went to the war he 
gave her his two cows and a yearling heifer, which was all the live stock he 
had. Upon his return he went to work in the woods, but his spirit of patriotism 
would not allow him to remain contentedly at home and in the fall of 1862 he 
came to Waterloo and enlisted in Company G, Ninth Iowa Cavalry, serving for 
two years under Captain Montague. The regiment was attached to the Western 
Department of the Seventh Army Corps under General Steele. Mr. Nation 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 343 

enlisted at that time under the name of WilHam FrankHn, for on account of 
his parole he could not enlist under his own name. 

At the close of the war Mr. Nation went on horseback with three others to 
Falls City, Nebraska, and ranged all through that country. On reaching Falls 
City he spent his last fifty cents for a dinner. He told the landlord of his finan- 
cial straits, however, and was allowed to remain at the hotel until he could get 
work. He was first employed to conduct a saloon for a proprietor who was sick 
and went away. Afterward he did any work that he could secure. While in 
the saloon he was made a member of the vigilance committee for running down 
bandits, horse thieves and other lawbreakers who terrorized the country. His 
partner in this work was a half-breed Indian, Henry Boyer, and the first cap- 
ture made was one of their own company. There were many exciting incidents 
and episodes connected with this service in the west and there are few who have 
a more vivid picture of life in those strenuous times than has been imprinted 
upon the memory of Mr. Nation. 

On Christmas day of 1867, at Toddville, Linn county, Iowa, Mr. Nation 
was united in marriage to Miss Henrietta Newman, a daughter of Perry and 
Elizabeth Newman. They established their home in the following spring upon 
a little farm near Toddville and after three years removed to another farm in 
the same locality. A year later Mr. Nation returned with his family to Benton 
county and for a year rented a farm. He afterward lived in Tama county, 
residing in Geneseo township and later in Buckingham township for four years. 
At length he sold his farm and removed to Waterloo. 

While living upon the farm in 1876, Mr. Nation lost his first wife and in 
1877 married again, his second union being with Miss Sara A. Bowers. Follow- 
ing her death he wedded Eva S. Parsons. There were three children by his 
first marriage, one of whom is deceased, the others being: Ora, living in Cedar 
Rapids; and Oma in Tama county. The children of the second marriage are: 
Ernie, of Tama county; Olive, the deceased wife of John McBride; Walter, 
living in Tama county; Mamie, the wife of Henry Henning; William, of Cedar 
Rapids ; Sadie, the wife of Ray Bowers, of La Porte City, Iowa ; Pearl, the 
wife of Joseph Ferris, of South Dakota; and Jesse, living in Tama county. 

Mr. Nation has had an eventful life, filled with many interesting and some- 
times exciting experiences, and is thoroughly familiar with the development of 
the west and its upbuilding. Whatever success he has achieved is attributable 
entirely to his own labors, and he has so directed his business afifairs that he 
is now the possessor of a comfortable competence. 



A. J. KNAPP. 



A. J. Knapp, conducting a substantial business under the name of the Water- 
loo Monument Company, was born in Haverhill, New Hampshire, January 2, 
1877, a son of Frank H. and Mary E. (Tarleton) Knapp, both of whom were 
also natives of Haverhill. The father devoted his life to farming and died at 
the place of his nativity in 191 1, but the mother still survives. 



344 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

A. J. Knapp was educated in the public schools and at the Haverhill Aca- 
demy, and following the completion of his course in that institution he took up 
the study of pharmacy, serving an apprenticeship at the druggist's trade. After 
a time, however, he abandoned the drug business and engaged in the granite 
business, purchasing an interest in the Carswell, Wetmore Granite Company of 
Barre, Vermont, acting as sales manager. He was also for a time identified 
with a wholesale granite firm in Boston and spent one year with M. H. Rice 
of Kansas City, after which he returned to Barre, Vermont. That year was 
largely devoted to the work of rounding out his training and experience in the 
retail monument business, as Air. Rice was then known as the foremost monu- 
ment builder, judged from an artistic standpoint, west of the Mississippi river. 
In 1912 Mr. Knapp came to Waterloo and established his present business, which 
has been developed into one of the important industrial enterprises of the city. 
His patronage has steadily grown, and the work of his establishment is now 
found in many of the leading cemeteries of this section of the state. 

In July, 1907, Mr. Knapp was united in marriage to Miss Matilda Rimbach. 
of Boston, Massachusetts, by whom he has one child, Dorothy C. Mr. Knapp 
belongs to Helmet Lodge, No. 89, K. P., and to the \\'aterloo Commercial Club 
and Board of Trade. His religious faith is indicated in his membership in 
the Universalist church and his political belief in his adherence to the repub- 
lican party. While he has been a resident of Waterloo for only a brief period, 
he is regarded as one of its representative business men, for energy and enter- 
prise are quickly recognized. Since his school days were over his life has been 
one of intense and well directed activity in the business world and, advancing 
step by step, he is now occupying an important place and enjoying an enviable 
reputation in the trade circles of one of the most alive and growing cities of 
the middle west. 



A. S. HANSEN, M. D. 



Dr. A. S. Hansen, a specialist in the treatment of the eye, ear, nose and 
throat at Cedar Falls, was born in Denmark on the 5th of April, 1859, a son of 
Hans Hansen, who came to the United States in 1873. He made his way to 
Kenosha, Wisconsin, where resided some of his sons, who had preceded him 
to this country and had become prominent in the business life of that city. The 
father's death there occurred in the early '90s. 

Dr. Hansen was fourteen years of age when he crossed the Atlantic to the 
new world. He had attended the government schools of his native country and 
continued his education in the public schools of Kenosha. At the age of eighteen 
he returned to Denmark, where he completed his education, spending some 
time as a student in Copenhagen and in a private college, from which he was 
graduated on the completion of a course in missionary work. He returned to 
the United States in 1883 and took up missionary Avork among the Danish peo- 
ple of this country, being pastor of the Danish Lutheran church at Cedar Falls 
for two years. 




DR. A. S. HANSEN 



<^ 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 347 

While making preparation for work in the mission field Dr. Hansen also 
studied medicine to some extent and in 1890 he became a student in the homeo- 
pathic department of the Iowa State University, from which he was graduated 
with the class of 1893. He then located for practice in Cedar Falls and in the 
intervening years he has done special work in Chicago whereby he has become 
qualified for the department of practice in which he now specializes. In 1902 
he took post-graduate work at the New York Post-Graduate Medical School and 
at the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary. In 1903 he went to Europe and 
pursued special work in Vienna on the eye, ear, nose and throat. He visited 
clinics in various European cities and informed himself concerning the methods 
of some of the most eminent physicians and surgeons of the old world, particu- 
larly in the line of his chosen specialty. In the late fall of 1903 he returned to 
Cedar Falls and is today one of the eminent specialists of Black Hawk county, 
conducting a general office practice as an oculist, aurist and laryngologist. He 
has expert knowledge of his profession and his ability is widely recognized not 
only by the laity but also by fellow practitioners. 

In 1884 Dr. Hansen was married to Miss Marie Soelbeck, and to them have 
been born four children, Laurentza, Hans, Thorvald and Ernest. The parents 
are members of the Danish Lutheran church and Dr. Hansen is connected with 
the Commercial Club, cooperating in all of its plans and movements for further- 
ing public progress and improvement. Fraternally he is connected with Black 
Hawk Lodge, No. 65, A. F. & A. M., the Modern Woodmen of America and 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen, while along strictly professional lines 
his membership is with the Black Hawk County Medical Society, the Austin 
Flint Medical Society, the Iowa State Medical Society and the American Med- 
ical Association. His broad reading keeps him thoroughly informed concerning 
the progress of the profession, particularly in his chosen field of practice, and 
his ability has gained him prominence in that connection. 



WILLIAM F. BAUM. 



Flerding cattle on the prairies at the age of nine years, William F. Baum 
is now a partner in the Iowa Cast Aluminum Company of Waterloo, in 
which connection he is active in the control and ownership of an important and 
growing industry. He was born February 9, 1867, in the city in which he still 
makes his home, his parents being John and Angeline (George) Baum. The 
father was born in Pennsylvania in December, 1833, while the mother was a 
native of Massachusetts. In early life the former was a shoemaker and after 
working at the trade for a time spent a number of years upon the road engaged 
in selling hardware specialties. In the year 1855 he arrived in Waterloo, which 
was then a small town, givin^^ evidence of little commercial or industrial impor- 
tance. His remaining days were here passed and throughout the intervening 
period of thirty years to the time of his death, which occurred in December, 
1885, he enjoyed the respect and goodwill of all with whom he was associated. 

His widow still resides in Waterloo and they were the parents of nine children. 
Vol. n— 19 



348 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

William F. Baum. who was the third in order of birth, attended the schools 
of Waterloo and such was the primitive condition here at the time that the 
•'little temple of learning" in which he pursued his studies was a log building. 
At that time his parents resided upon a farm. He was only about nine years 
of age when he began herding cattle and with the money thus earned he pur- 
chased his first regular suit of clothes, his garments having hitherto been made 
by his mother. He worked for others for a number of years in various ways, 
was employed for a time by a manufacturing company and also occupied a 
position with the Waterloo Motor Works, continuing with the latter organization 
until about 1904, when he formed a partnership with W. W. Kauffer and estab- 
lished the Waterloo Brass Foundry. This partnership existed until 1907, when 
Mr. Baum took over the interest of his partner and conducted the business 
alone until October 10, 1913, when he sold the plant, name and goodwill. He 
then organized the Iowa Cast Aluminum Company in connection with W. W. 
Kaufifer and A. A. Young. He owns a controlling interest in the company, 
which manufactures aluminum cooking utensils and does cast aluminum jobbing 
work. Already the business has become an important and profitable industry 
and the trade is steadily and rapidly growing. Mr. llaum is also a stockholder 
in various other local manufacturing concerns and is regarded as one of the 
enterprising, progressive and valuable business men of the city. 

In January, 1894, occurred the marriage of Mr. Baum and Miss Rose Seliger, 
who was born in Austria, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Wendolin Seliger, who 
came to America with their family, settling at Cedar Falls. Later they resided 
for a time upon a farm but afterwards returned to Cedar Falls. The father 
was a shoemaker as well as an agriculturist and he passed away about 1904 in 
Cedar Falls, where his widow still resides. Mr. and Mrs. Baum have one 
child, Leasa, now attending the high school. 

Mr. Baum holds membership in the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
in his political views is a democrat, but the honors and emoluments of oiifice 
have had no attraction for him, as he has always preferred to devote his atten- 
tion to his business affairs. In the latter connection his advancement has been 
continuous and it has been by reason of his willingness to work, his untiring 
industry and diligence and his perseverance that he has gained the substantial 
measure of success which he now enjoys. 



F. O. HITCFIINS. 



Among the important industrial enterprises of Waterloo is that of the Head- 
ford Brothers & Hitchins Foundry Company, of which F. O. Hitchins is vice 
president. The business has been conducted in Black Hawk county since 1903 
and through the intervening years has steadily grown and developed. It was 
originally a Dubuque enterprise and it was in that city that F. O. Hitchins was 
born and reared, his natal day being March 9, 1865. He was educated in the 
schools of Dubuque and in 1881, when sixteen years of age, entered the employ 
of the Iowa Iron Works at Dubuque, there learning the foundry trade. Gradu- 
ally he worked his way upward, winning promotion from time to time until 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 349 

after eleven years' connection with that line of business he became in 1892 one 
of the organizers of the Headford Brothers & Hitchins Foundry Company of 
Dubuque. 

The business was there conducted for eleven years and in November, 1903, 
the plant was removed to Waterloo, where during the preceding summer the 
firm had erected a fine cement block building one hundred and twenty by three 
hundred feet on Westfield avenue, where Lhey have since been located. In 191 1 
they greatly enlarged the scope of their business through the erection of a plant 
on Vaughan street one hundred and ten by four hundred and fifty feet. 
They employ one hundred and ten men in the plant on Westfield avenue and 
about one hundred and fifty in the plant on Vaughan street. Their business has 
thus become one of extensive proportions and their manufactured products find 
a ready sale on the market. The firm has gained a well earned reputation for 
reliability as well as enterprise and from the beginning' they have shown in the 
conduct of their business that they realize the fact that satisfied patrons are the 
best advertisement. 

In 1892 Mr. Hitchins was united in marriage to Miss Minnie Broadhurst, of 
Dubuque, and to them have been born two children, Gerrilda Marie and Owen 
Stanhope. If one analyzes the life record of Mr. Hitchins it is evident that 
earnest, persistent efifort has been the basis of his advancement and growing 
success. Starting out m the business world at the comparatively early age of 
sixteen years, he recognized the fact that mdustry is the basis of all worthy 
advancement and industry became the beacon light of his life, guiding him to 
his present creditable position as a representative of the manufacturing inter- 
ests of Waterloo. 



ALBERT L. ANTON. 



Albert L. Anton is a worthy representative of a well known and prominent 
pioneer family of Black Hawk county and enjoys recognition as one of the 
prosperous and enterprising young agriculturists of the community. He is now 
serving as trustee of Big Creek township, where he owns a valuable farm of 
two hundred and fifty-two acres in association with his brother-in-law, who 
operates the property, Mr. Anton making his home in La Porte City. 

His birth occurred in Cedar township, this county, on the 6th of May, 1882, 
his parents being William and Sarah (Smith) Anton, the former a native of 
Germany and the latter of Wisconsin. William Anton was brought to the 
United States by his parents when six years of age, the family first locating in 
Wisconsin and a short time later coming to Black Hawk county, Iowa. The 
grandfather purchased land in Cedar township and successfully carried on 
farming until the year 1889, at one time owning five hundred and sixty acres of 
valuable land. William Anton, the father of our subject, was reared and educated 
in this county and as soon as old enough started out as an agriculturist on his 
own account, renting land in Cedar township from his father. He devoted his 
attention to the further development and improvement of the property and at 
the time of his father's demise came into possession of a tract of one hundred 



350 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

and sixty acres, which he cultivated successfully until the time of his retire- 
ment in 191 1, when he purchased a handsome residence in La Porte City, where 
he has since made his home. He is now fifty-six years of age, has resided in 
this county for a period covering about a half century and is widely and favor- 
ably known as one of its prosperous and esteemed citizens. His wife also yet 
survives and has a host of friends here. 

Albert L. Anton was reared and educated in Cedar township and remained 
under the parental roof until twenty-three years of age. Subsequently he cul- 
tivated rented land for six years, on the expiration of which period he took up 
his abode in La Porte City and embarked in the implement business, conducting 
an enterprise of that character for two years. At the end of that time he sold 
out and in association with his brother-in-law, August Stahnke, invested in 
land in Big Creek township, which they have since owned in partnership, the 
latter operating the fariti. Mr. Anton purchased five acres of land and a nice 
home in La Porte City and has resided there continuously since. 

On the I2th of September, 1906, Mr. Anton was united in marriage to Miss 
Minnie Stahnke, a daughter of Herman and Louise Stahnke, both of whom were 
natives of Germany. They emigrated to the L^nited States in an early day and 
made their way direct to Black Hawk county, the father buying a tract of land 
in Big Creek township, which he improved and operated until 1900. The 
remainder of his life was spent in honorable retirement at La Porte City, where 
he passed away in February, 1912. The demise of his wife occurred in 1899. 

Mr. Anton gives his political allegiance to the republican party and is now 
ably serving as trustee of Big Creek township. His religious faith is that of 
the German Evangelical church. He has always remained in this county, and 
his life has ever been such as to command and merit the respect and regard of 
his fellow townsmen. 



G. L. SMITH. 



G. L. Smith, one of the leading and successful building contractors of Water- 
loo, maintains his offices at No. 628 Washington street and during the four years 
of his business activity here has become widely known as a general contractor 
for all kinds of structures. He was born near West Union, Fayette county, 
Iowa, a son of George and Roxena (Butler) Smith, both of whom are deceased. 
The father was a pioneer settler of Fayette county and followed general agri- 
cultural pursuits throughout his active business career. 

G. L. Smith acquired his education in the country schools of his native 
county and after putting aside his textbooks followed farming until twenty-two 
years of age. Subsequently he served a five years' apprenticeship as a carpenter 
and afterward spent six years in the hardware business at West Union, Iowa. 
He next began working at his trade as a carpenter and contractor, being thus 
engaged there until 1910, when he came to Waterloo and continued the same 
activities on a more extensive scale. He has erected a large number of buildings 
in Waterloo and Cedar Falls and now enjoys an enviable reputation as one of 
the leading contractors of the former city. Through the able management of 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 351 

his interests he has contributed not only to his own prosperity, but his labors 
have proven an important element in the material upbuilding and development 
of his adopted county. 

In 1896 Mr. Smith was united in marriage to Miss Nancy Holmes, a native 
of West Union, Iowa, and a daughter of James and Katurah Holmes. Mr. 
and Mrs. Smith have two children: Mildred L., a high-school student; and 
Warren H., who is also attending school. 

Mr. Smith gives his political allegiance to the democracy bvit has never sought 
nor desired office as a reward for his party fealty. Fraternally he is identified 
with the Knights of Pythias and the Alodern Woodmen of America, while the 
religious faith of himself and his family is that of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. He possesses many qualities that have commended him to the friend- 
ship and kindly regard of all with whom he has come in contact, and he is 
numbered among the valued and representative residents of Waterloo and Black 
Hawk county. 



F. L. CHAMBERLAIN. 



F. L. Chamberlain, president of the Chamberlain Machine Works of Water- 
loo, is a native of Winthrop, Iowa, born in 1877, ^^'^ is a son of A. M. Cham- 
berlain, whose birth occurred in Illinois in 1856. The father was brought to 
Iowa by his parents in 1859, his father, Dr. M. A. Chamberlain, settling at 
Winthrop, Buchanan county. He was the first physician to locate in that county 
and took an active part in the pioneer development and upbuilding of his sec- 
tion of the state. A. M. Chamberlain v/as reared in Iowa and with his father 
and a brother conducted a general store in Winthrop. About 1889 A. M. Cham- 
berlain built the second creamery in Iowa at W^inthrop and later owned and 
operated a number of creameries at various points in this state. He was one 
of the prominent figures in the development of that industry in Iowa and his 
efforts proved a resultant factor in the attainment of success. He was a man 
of undaunted energy and determination and in due course of time he garnered 
the harvest of his labors, becoming one of the substantial citizens of his sec- 
tion of the state. He wedded Ida A. Pulis, who was born in Winthrop, and 
they reared a family of three children, of v/hom two are living: Marjorie, 
of Waterloo ; and F. L., of this review. 

The family was represented in the Civil war by the grandfather. Dr. AI. A. 
Chamberlain, who enlisted for service at St. Paul in a Minnesota regiment. It 
was assigned to duty in quelling the Indian troubles of the northwest. When 
that task was accomplished the regiment was ordered to Dubuque and thence 
to Chicago, where it was stationed for some time. Finally, however, it pro- 
ceeded southward to Nashville, Tennessee, and from that point entered upon 
military operations in the south. Dr. Chamberlain was surgeon and chaplain 
of his regmient, thus doing valuable service for the soldiers until mustered out 
of the army at the close of the war at Washington, D. C. 

F. L. Chamberlain was reared in Winthrop, Iowa, and was educated in the 
schools of that place and of Waterloo. For a number of years he was employed 



352 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

as a traveling salesman and later became associated with his father, A. M. 
Chamberlain, who established the Peerless Cream Separator Company in Water- 
loo about 1895. This was one of the Hrst cream separator manufactories in 
the west. The son was associated with his father in the business for about 
three years, after which he and his father established the Chamberlain Machine 
Works, manufacturing cream separators and accessories. This is the only manu- 
facturmg concern of its kind in the world. The business was incorporated in 
1905 for one hundred thousand dollars. F. L. Chamberlain is the president and 
treasurer: 1. A. Chamberlain, vice president, and C. M. Sherrill, secretary. 
They built and own their present quarters on Sycamore street, the building 
being an L-shaped structure, the main part of which is thirty by one hundred 
and twenty feet, with the L forty by eighty feet. The building is two stories 
in height and they employ from thirty to seventy workmen. They do a jobbing 
business all over the country and they issue annually a seventy-page catalogue 
which gives an explicit account of their manufactured product. Of this cata- 
logue they send out annually eighty thousand copies. Mr. Chamberlain is also 
interested in the Twentieth Century Gas Machine Company. 

In 1906 Mr. Chamberlain was united in marriage to Miss Lena Elkin, of 
Tuscola. Illinois. He has membership with the Benevolent Protective Order of 
Elks and he also belongs to the Sons of \"eterans, the Commercial Club and 
Board of Trade, and the Town Criers Club. He has always lived in Iowa and 
the enterprising spirit which has been the dominant factor in the upbuilding of 
this state has been manifest in his career. Waterloo is rapidly forging to the 
front as an industrial center, and Mr. Chamberlain is among those who are con- 
triliuting to its welfare and reputation in this connection. 



STEPHEN E. FERGUSON. 

The name of Ferguson is well known in connection with industrial enter- 
prise in Waterloo and Stephen E. Ferguson is one of four brothers, who in a 
partnership are conducting a growing and profitable business in the manufac- 
ture of well drilling machinery and supplies under the name of the Ferguson 
Manufacturing Comi)any. This is one of the more recently established indus- 
trial concerns of Waterloo but already has attained substantial success. 

Stephen E. Ferguson was born in New York state, May 26, 1866, and was 
less than a year of age when brought by his parents to Iowa. An account of 
their removal and a more extended mention of the father and mother is to be 
found on another page of this volume, in connection with the life history of 
Albert R. Ferguson. 

Reared upon the old homestead farm in Bennington township, this county, 
Stephen E. Ferguson early became familial r with the best methods of tilling the 
soil and caring for the crops. During the school sessions he pursued his studies 
in one of the district schools of Bennington township and afterward enjoyed 
the advantage of further instruction in the State Normal School at Cedar Falls 
and also in Cornell College. In early manhood he took up the profession of 
teaching, which he followed in the rural schools for a number of years and 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 353 

then turned his attention from professional to commercial pursuits by entering 
the employ of the Hurst & Corson Grocery Company in the capacity of book- 
keeper. Later he engaged in the insurance business for a number of years, 
carrying on that business until he joined his brothers in organizing the Fergu- 
son Manufacturing Company and establishing the factory which they, now 
operate. He represents the firm upon the road as traveling salesman and like 
his brothers devotes his entire time to the business. He has secured for the 
company many substantial patrons and has contributed in large measure to 
the continuous growth of the undertaking. 

Mr. Ferguson also owns desirable real estate in Waterloo and farm lands 
in Texas. He resides at No. 154 Harrison street. His name is on the mem- 
bership rolls of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Court of Honor and 
of Grace Methodist Episcopal church, associations which indicate much of the 
nature of his interests and the rules which govern his conduct. For almost a 
half century he has resided in this county and has been an interested witness 
of the changes which have occurred and the work that has been wrought in 
bringing the county from pioneer conditions to its present state of development 
and progress. 



F. J. KOEPKE. 



F. J. Koepke is a well known representative of activity in the field of insur- 
ance. He handles all kinds of insurance, including lightning, tornado and 
burglary insurance on banks, residences and mercantile interests. He also han- 
dles surety and fidelity bonds and the working men's compensation. He has 
his offices at No. 502 Marsh-Place building in Waterloo and his life is a very 
busy one because of the many clients that he has secured and the steady growth 
of the business since he embarked in this field of labor. 

Mr. Koepke is a native of Germany. He was born October 17, 1855, a son 
of Joe and Sophia Koepke. The mother died in Germany and the father after- 
ward married again in that country. He cam.e to the United States in 1872 
and settled in Denver, Bremer county, Iowa, where he carried on agricultural 
pursuits until he had acquired a substantial competence. He then put aside 
business cares and took up his abode near Raymond, Iowa, where he passed 
away in October, 1888. His widow still survives and is now eighty-nine years 
of age. By his first marriage were born two sons: F. J., of this review; and 
Henry, who is extensively engaged in wheat-raising in Umatilla county, Oregon. 
There vv?as also a daughter, Mary, who became the wife of Conrad Widman 
but died in 1913. By the father's second marriage there were two daughters: 
Louisa, the wife of Charley Snebly ; and Sophia, who married Christ Venter, 
of Black Hawk county, Iowa. 

F. J. Koepke came to the L'nited States with his father when seventeen years 
of age. In the meantime he had acquired his preliminary education in the schools 
of Germany and after reaching Iowa he attended school in Bremer county. 
When his text-books were put aside he began farming and after following that 
occupation for two years he came to Waterloo, where he served an apprentice- 



354 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

ship in the shops of the IlHnois Central Railroad Company, where he was em- 
ployed for eighteen years. He then became a traveling salesman for the Water- 
loo Gasoline Engine Company of Waterloo, Iowa, and for ten years he operated 
a dairy in this city. He then opened an insurance office, handling all kinds of 
insurance. He is also now renting houses and dealing in real estate in addition 
to other lines of business activity. He has land interests in Minnesota and a 
fine home and other residence property in W^aterloo. He is determined and 
energetic and brooks no obstacles that can be overcome by persistent, earnest 
and honorable effort. He knows that reliable dealing will win public confidence 
and that business will result therefrom, and the principles which have guided 
him in all of his business dealings are such as will bear the closest investigation 
and scrutiny. 

In 1883 Mr. Koepke was united in marriage to Miss Alary Proeshold, who 
was born at Fort Dodge, Iowa, a daughter of Godfrey and Christina Proeshold, 
both of whom were natives of Germany and on coming to Iowa cast in their 
lot with the pioneer citizens of Fort Dodge. Mr. and Mrs. Koepke have nine 
children : H. C, who is now a minister of the gospel, preaching in Hardin 
county; Louise, the wife of E. O. Bertram, of Benton county; Carl C, of 
Waterloo, who is with the Schanlan System & Accounting Company of Chicago 
and Waterloo ; Alma, who attended the Waterloo Business College and is now 
a stenographer in her father's office; L. G., who is manager of the shoe depart- 
ment for the firm of Lightbody & Wlngate at Superior, W^isconsin ; Clara, who 
is a graduate of the Waterloo Business College and is employed as a stenog- 
rapher by I. J. Koover ; Ernest W^., who is with the Fowler Wholesale Grocery 
Company ; Flerbert, a student in the high school ; and Helene, who is attending 
a German school. 

The family are of the Lutheran faith. They reside at No. 233 Alaple street 
in Waterloo, and the hospitality of their home is greatly enjoyed by their many 
friends. Mr. Koepke is a democrat in politics but not an office seeker. He is 
preeminently a business man, giving the greater part of his attention to his 
business interests with the result that success in a creditable measure has at- 
tended him. 



JAMES R. VAUGHAN. 



It is a trite saying but one that cannot be contradicted that there is always 
room at the top ; but the g-reat majority of men do not possess the ambition or 
the indefatigable energy that enable them to advance beyond their fellows on 
the highroad of life. James R. \"aughan, however, is one who, with a nature 
that could never be content with mediocrity, has passed on to leadership in those 
fields into which he has directed his activities. In Waterloo he is successfully 
engaged in business as a dealer in all kinds of farming implements and automo- 
biles, and his position in the country is indicated in the fact that he is the presi- 
dent of the Dairy Cattle Congress. He has always lived in the middle west and 
is actuated by the spirit of enterprise which has been the dominant factor in 
the upbuilding of this section of the country. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 355 

Mr. Vaughan was born in Henderson county, Illinois, April 24, 1858, and in 
1868 his parents, James and Emily (Redman) Vaughan, came with their family 
to Black Hawk county, where the father purchased a large tract of land, to which 
he kept adding from time to time until at his death he was the owner of eight 
hundred and twenty acres of rich, productive and valuable land in Black Hawk 
county. For his first purchase of land he paid four dollars per acre and the tract 
is now worth at least two hundred dollars per acre. His holdings were all in 
one body and are still kept intact as the James Vaughan estate. In addition to 
acquiring this extensive farm, which he conducted according to the most modern 
and progressive methods, he was extensively engaged in raising and shipping 
stock, making a specialty of cattle and hogs, and was also well known as a large 
dealer in horses, handling standard bred draft horses. That his judgment was 
sound, his sagacity keen and his enterprise unfaltering is a fact indicated in his 
continually growing success, which placed him among the prosperous residents 
of the county. He died in 1899 ^"d is still survived by his widow, who makes her 
home at No. 703 West Park avenue in Waterloo. Her father was Rezin Red- 
man, who built the first frame house erected in Burlington, Iowa, owning at that 
time all of the land upon which the city of Burlington now stands. James and 
Emily Vaughan had a family of nine children, of whom eight reached manhood 
or womanhood : Mrs. Richard Holmes, a resident of Waterloo ; James R., of 
this review ; Mrs. Jennie C. Petra, the wife of C. A. Petra, of Waterloo ; Mrs. 
James Loonan, whose husband is an extensive stock raiser in Orange township. 
Black Hawk county ; Mrs. George H. Sawyer, whose husband is public-school 
superintendent at Osage, Iowa ; Mathew C, who is engaged in the real estate 
business at Waterloo; Arthur C, of Waterloo, who is associated in business 
\yith his brother James ; and William G., a commercial traveler of Minneapolis. 

James R. Vaughan was a lad of about ten summers when he accompanied 
his parents to this county, where he continued his education in the public schools 
and also in the State Normal School at Cedar Falls. For a number of years he 
successfully engaged in teaching in Black Hawk county and through the period 
of his early life gained broad experience along agricultural lines. In October, 
1885, he came to Waterloo and bought the farm implement business of Thomas 
Cascaden, at which time he organized the firm of Holmes & Vaughan, which 
relation existed for five years, at the end of which period he purchased Mr. 
Holmes' interest and carried on the business alone until 1912, when it was incor- 
porated as the A^aughan Implement Company, with an authorized capital stock 
of fifty thousand dollars, of which forty thousand dollars was paid up. The 
officers of the company are : James R. Vaughan, president ; Jake Blough, vice 
president ; and B. E. Vaughan, secretary and treasurer. They handle a complete 
line of farm implements, together with all kinds of heavy machinery and all kinds 
of vehicles, including automobiles. They also do a large business in transfer and 
storage. The business is conducted along both wholesale and retail lines and 
during the season the house is represented on the road by several traveling sales- 
men. They make shipments all over Iowa and adjoining states and their trade 
Is constantly increasing, theirs being one of the most extensive and important 
commercial enterprises of Waterloo. In connection with Thomas Cascaden, Jr., 
Mr. Vaughan purchased a farm of about one hundred acres known as the 
Clements farm, which they platted and sold, and the revenue from this went to 



356 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

the establishment of factories, which constituted the first move toward the 
upbuilding of a greater Waterloo. 

While Mr. Vaughan has been a most active factor in business circles and his 
success alone would entitle him to mention as a representative citizen of Water- 
loo, he has yet found time and opportunity to extend his efforts into those fields 
which work for the intellectual and moral progress of the community and has 
had marked influence along those lines. He is president of the board of trustees 
of Des Moines College, is president of the Baptist state convention of Iowa 
and has been most active in furthering the moral progress of the community. 
He belongs to the First Baptist church of Waterloo, is a member of its official 
board and has been superintendent of the Sunday school for seventeen years. 
For a quarter of a century he was the first tenor in the church choir and thus 
along musical as well as other lines has aided in the upbuilding of the church. 
Fraternally Mr. Vaughan is a Mason and has attained the Knights Templar 
degree in the commandery. He is also connected with the Knights of Pythias 
and he belongs to the Chamber of Commerce, cooperating heartily in its plans 
and purposes for the upbuilding of the city. Socially his connections are with 
the Waterloo Club and the Town Criers Club. 

Mr. Vaughan has been married twice. He wedded Miss Winnie Fish and 
following her demise he married Miss Bertha Edwards, a daughter of A. J. 
Edwards. He has two sons, James Gordon and Herbert Edwards. The family 
is one of prominence in the community, enjoying the high regard of all. 

It would be unfair to complete the record of James R. Vaughan without 
indicating his interest in affairs relating to the upbuilding of the community 
along agricultural lines, this being manifest in the fact that he is now president 
of the Dairy Cattle Congress. He has studied various phases of the dairy prob- 
lem and has done much to further activity in that field along progressive lines. 
In fact, progress has been the keynote of his character in every relation. It has 
carried him to the front rank among the business men of Waterloo and has made 
him an influential factor in advancing the public welfare. He is honored 
wherever known and most of all where he is best known. 



WILLIAM H. GIVEN. 



Only a year has passed since WilHam H. Given came to Waterloo and yet 
in that period he has firmly established himself as an active and progressive 
business man, being now assistant general manager of the Waterloo, Cedar 
Falls & Northern Railroad Company. A native of Ohio, he was born in Coshoc- 
ton on the 2d of June, 1858, and is one of the six sons of Judge Josiah Given, 
who was a member of the supreme court bench, serving as a representative of 
the highest judicial tribunal of Iowa for twenty years. He was indeed one of 
the most eminent jurists of the state and few men have left a more lasting 
impression upon the judicial history of Iowa not only because of legal ability 
but also by reason of possessing that high character which impresses itself upon 
a community. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 357 

When a youth of sixteen years W. H. Given entered the railway service as 
a messenger boy on the Des Moines & Fort Dodge Railroad, after which he was 
connected with that road in different capacities until 1887. During the last two 
years of that time he was traveling freight agent with the road. From 1887 
until November, 1890, he acted as traveling freight agent with the Chicago, Rock 
Island & Pacific Railroad and from 1890 until 1900 was trainmaster for the 
Des Moines Valley division of the same road. He was then made superintendent 
of the southwestern division and so continued until 1903, when he was advanced 
to the superintendency of the Des ^Moines \'alley division and so continued 
until 1909. In that year he became superintendent of the Minnesota division 
and so remained until June. 19 12. He was then engaged in special railroad 
service until September i, 191 3. when he came to Waterloo to accept the posi- 
tion of assistant general manager of the Waterloo, Cedar Falls & Northern 
Railroad. His previous experience well qualified him for the duties of this 
position. He is thoroughly familiar with the line of work which he has under- 
taken and his efforts have given entire satisfaction to the company. 

On the 2d of June, 1892, Mr. Given was united in marriage to Mrs. Carrie 
(Mitchell) Drabelie, who is a daughter of Judge John Alitchell, of Des Moines, 
and who by her former marriage had one son, J. M. Drabelie. Mr. Given is 
well known in Masonic circles. He has attained the Knights Templar degree 
in the commandery and has crossed the sands of the desert with the Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine. He holds membership with the Commercial Club and Board 
of Trade of Waterloo, with the Grant Club of Des Moines and with the Town 
Criers Club of Waterloo. His views of life are sane. He looks at every ques- 
tion from a practical standpoint and he sees opportunity for community as well 
as for individual advancement. Accordingly he cooperates in plans and proj- 
ects for the public good and Waterloo numbers him among its citizens of worth. 



CHARLES A. FERGUSON. 

Charles A. Ferguson is one of the native sons of Black Hawk county who 
has proven his worth in business circles, being now a partner in the Ferguson 
Manufacturing Company of Waterloo. He was born upon a farm eight miles 
northwest of the city, on which his parents settled when they took up their 
abode in this county in 1868. Much of his education was acquired in the dis- 
trict schools of Bennmgton township, supplemented by a course in the Waterloo 
Business College. No event of special importance occurred to vary the routine 
of farm life for him during the period of his boyhood and youth and almost as 
soon as old enough to handle a plow he began to work in the fields, assisting 
also in the planting and harvesting as the years went on. He lived with his 
mother upon the old homestead until the family came to Waterloo, after which 
he attended school in this city for about a year. 

Mr. Ferguson then entered the factory of the Kelley & Tannehill Company 
and there remained for about twelve years, working as a machinist and advanc- 
ing to the position of shop foreman. His skill and ability gradually increased 
until he was given a position of large responsibility. After twelve years' con- 



358 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

nection with the house, years in which he enjoyed the full confidence and good- 
will of his employers, he resigned his position and joined his brothers in organ- 
izing the Ferguson Manufacturing Company for the purpose of manufacturing 
well drilling machinery and supplies. Charles A. Ferguson is acting as superin- 
tendent of the factory, in which they employ about twenty men, and he devotes 
his entire time to this business. The plant is well supplied with modern ma- 
chinery needed in their line and Mr. Ferguson's practical experience enables 
him to carefully direct the labors of those in his employ. 

On the 30Lh of June, 1889, occurred the marriage of Mr. Ferguson and Miss 
Alice Cary, who was born in this county, a daughter of Anthony and Julia 
(Sheller) Cary, who came to Iowa at an early period in the development of the 
central section of the state and settled in East Waterloo township, Black Hawk 
county. The father secured a tract of land and engaged in farming, makmg his 
home upon the farm until his life's labors were ended in death. His widow- 
afterward removed with her family to W'aterloo, where she passed away in 
the winter of 191 3. Mr. Cary held various local offices and served on the board 
of county supervisors. He was w^ell known as a respected and worthy citizen 
and both he and his wife had many friends in the county. 

In politics Mr. Ferguson is an independent democrat. He does not feel that 
he is bound by party ties and votes as his judgment dictates. He holds mem- 
bership in the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and is a consistent member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. He is now the owner of good city property 
in Waterloo, including his present residence at No. 1714 Franklin street, where 
he and his wife delight in extending the hospitality of their home to many 
friends. 



W. F. EIGHMEY. 



Close application to business and intelligently directed effort are bringing to 
W. F. Eighmey a creditable and gratifying measure of success as a dealer in 
farm implements, seeds, wagons, buggies and harness. His establishment is 
located at Nos. 513-15 Sycamore street in Waterloo, and Iowa claims him as 
a native son, for he was born in Dubuque county in 1855. 

His parents were Calvin W. and Katherine Eighmey, the former a native 
of New York and the latter of Germany. In the paternal line the family is of 
German and French descent. The parents were married in Illinois, where the 
father, following his arrival in the middle west, worked by the month as a farm 
hand. Soon after his marriage he removed with his young wife to Iowa and 
settled in Dubuque county, where he was employed in the lead mines for a 
number of years, making his home at Rockdale. Subsequently he came to 
Black Hawk county and settled upon a farm of eighty acres eight miles south 
of Waterloo, which he had purchased some years before. He then gave his 
attention exclusively to agricultural pursuits and was thus engaged up to the 
time of his retirement from active business. In the meantime he had acquired 
a substantial competence that was sufificient to supply him with all of the com- 
forts and some of the luxuries of life throughout his remaining days. He died 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 359 

in Waterloo in the seventy-fifth year of his age and his widow still survives at 
the age of eighty years. In their family were five children, of whom four are 
yet living: W. F. ; Mrs. H. F. Miller, who resides in Waterloo, Iowa; Frank 
]., who is president of the First National Bank of Waterloo; and Charles H., 
who is now engaged in the grocery business in Waterloo. A daughter, Jessie 
May, died at the age of five years. ^ 

W. F. Eighmey acquired his early education in the public schools of Black 
Hawk county, while for several terms he was a student at Lenox Collegiate 
Institute at Hopkinton, Delaware county, Iowa, and in his youthful days also 
learned lessons concerning the value of industry and perseverance. After at- 
taining adult age he purchased a farm of seventy acres near his father's home- 
stead and began the development and cultivation of his land, living with his 
parents until his marriage. He then took up his abode upon his own farm and 
•later extended its boundaries by the purchase of an additional tract of one 
hundred acres. He then operated and improved this farm but five years later 
he rented his land and removed to Hudson, where he embarked in commercial 
pursuits, establishing a general store, which he conducted for four years. In 
1890 he began clerking in Croak's shoe store, where he continued for a year, 
and was afterward employed in a general merchandise store for a year. At the 
end of that time he opened a stock of groceries in Waterloo and conducted busi- 
ness along that line for several years. Eventually, however, he sold his store 
to his brother, purchased a tract of land and platted it, making it an addition to 
Waterloo. After he had practically sold off the entire addition he reentered 
mercantile circles as a dealer in general farm implements, seeds, wagons, buggies 
and harness. The business since its inception has proven profitable and is suc- 
cessfully conducted. He is watchful of all details pointing to prosperity and 
has ever realized the fact that satisfied patrons are the best advertisements. 
He now owns a good residence and a number of other properties in Waterloo 
and is also proprietor of a farm of one hundred and forty-seven and a half 
acres about five miles northwest of Waterloo. His real-estate holdings are the 
visible evidence of his life of well directed energy and thrift and show what 
may be accomplished when determination and ambition point out the way. 

In 1879 ^^^- Eighmey was married to Miss Clara I. Zanuck, a native of 
Dubuque and a daughter of John J. and Agnes Zanuck, who went to Dubuque 
with their respective parents in childhood and thus became connected with the 
pioneer settlement of that part of the state. They were married there but came 
to Black Hawk county about forty-two years ago and fifteen or eighteen years 
afterward established their home in Waterloo, where the father engaged in the 
manufacture of harness until his retirement from active business life. Having 
acquired a handsome competence, he put aside further business cares and in 
1883 removed to Nebraska, where both he and his wife passed away. Mr. 
Zanuck was a soldier in the Civil war. He enlisted on the 25th of September, 
1 86 1, as a member of the Ninth Iowa Volunteer Infantry and was mustered 
out in 1864, although he remained in the service until the close of hostilities. 
Mr. and Mrs. Zanuck were the parents of a large family of children, of whom 
five are yet living. This number includes Mrs. Eighmey, who acquired her 
education in the public schools of Dubuque and Waterloo and taught school 
prior to her marriage, which profession Mr. Eighmey also followed before their 



360 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

marriage. Mr. and Mrs. Eighmey have a family of three children: Jessica M., 
the wife of George W. Wood, an attorney of Grundy Center, Iowa ; Isabel, the 
wife of David W. Barr, who is connected with the business belonging to her 
father; and Earl B., who is a jeweler by trade. 

While Mr. Eighmey votes with the republican party, he is nevertheless liberal 
in his political views and does not consider himself bound by party ties but seeks 
ever the welfare and best interests of the community and is at all times a public- 
spirited citizen. He and his family are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church and they are highly esteemed in Waterloo and throughout this part of 
the county. Mr. Eighmey deserves great credit for what he has accomplished in 
a business way. No special advantages favored him at the outset of his career; 
on the contrary he made industry the basis of his success and through the wise 
use he has made of his time, talents and opportunities he has steadily advanced 
and is now at the head of a profitable and growing business. 



R. W. GIBSON. 



R. W. Gibson is the vice president, secretary and treasurer of the Artificial 
Ice & Fuel Company and in this connection is active in the control of a business 
that has already assumed extensive proportions and is still growing. He has 
been a resident of Waterloo for six years but is one of Black Hawk county's 
native sons, his birth having occurred in Barclay township in 1881. His parents 
were David and Rosanna (Skelly) Gibson, early settlers of this county. Taking 
up their abode here in pioneer times, they shared in all of the hardships and 
privations incident to frontier life and took an active part in promoting the 
practical development of this section of the state. The father devoted his life 
to general agricultural pursuits and brought his farm to a high state of 
cultivation. 

R. W. Gibson was reared on the old homestead and supi)lemented his early 
educational privileges afforded by the district schools by study in the East 
Waterloo high school. At the time that he was a student there the family lived 
in Waterloo but after he had completed his course he returned to the home farm 
and there remained until about six years ago. He was recognized as an in- 
dustrious, energetic and progressive agriculturist, carefully tilling his fields year 
by year and gathering therefrom substantial harvests as the result of the care 
and labor which he bestowed upon the land. In 1908, however, he put aside 
agricultural pursuits and again came to Waterloo. Here he engaged in the 
real-estate business, buying and selling Iowa farm lands. He is still connected 
with this business and has negotiated many important realty transfers. He is 
thoroughly informed concerning values and is able to make judicious purchases 
and profitable sales for his clients. On the ist of March, 1914, he became in- 
terested in the artificial ice and fuel business and is now the vice president, 
secretary and treasurer of the Artificial Ice & Fuel Company, in which connec- 
tion a substantial trade is enjoyed. He is also interested in the Galloway In- 
vestment Company. 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 361 

Mr. Gibson takes an active interest in politics and while living in Barclay 
township served as assessor for two years. He gives his political allegiance to 
the republican party and keeps well informed on the questions and issues of the 
day. He belongs to the Commercial Club and Board of Trade, an organization 
which IS for the advancement and upbuilding of the city. His religious faith 
is indicated in his membership in the United Presbyterian church. He is one 
of the progressive young business men of Waterloo, possessing unfaltering 
energy and keen sagacity. He is determined and accomplishes what he under- 
takes, employing methods which neither seek nor require disguise. 



ROGER I. CROWELL. 



Roger I. Crowell is owner of an important business enterprise conducted 
under the name of the Waterloo Ice Cream Company. His record is proof of 
the fact that success is not a matter of genius as held by some but is rather the 
outcome of sound judgment, experience and indefatigable industry. He was 
born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, on the 17th of November, 1871, a son of Irving 
O. and Mary (Marden) Crowell, both of whom were natives of the New Eng- 
land states. With their parents they removed to Wisconsin, the former in 
1847 ^"<^1 the latter in 1848, and they were among the pioneer settlers of the 
section in which they lived. In early life the father became identified with the 
lumber industry, in which he was later extensively engaged, advancing from a 
humble place in business circles to one of prominence, his labors being re- 
warded by affluence. He is now living retired in Oshkosh at the age of seventy- 
nine years, while his wife has reached the age of seventy years, and both are 
yet enjoying good health. 

Roger I. Crowell was educated in the public and high schools of Oshkosh 
and in his boyhood days became a wage earner. He never feared work and 
his industry, determination and boyish ambition led him to undertake any task 
that presented itself. He carried papers, drove cows to the pasture and did 
various chores, thus earning about nine or ten dollars per month when a boy 
of but ten years. Subsequently, at the age of fourteen years, he began learning 
the candy maker's trade and was identified with that business for four years, 
during which period he carefully saved his earnings, and at eighteen years of 
age he embarked in the grocery business in Oshkosh on his own account. Suc- 
cess attended the venture from the beginning and for ten and a half years he 
remained in business there. He then sold out and went to Chicago, where for 
a time he was associated with the Oshkosh Fuel Company. He then returned to 
the city of Oshkosh and engaged in the bakery business, with which line he was 
successfully identified for eight and a half years. He was anxious, however, 
to test the opportunities of the west- and, disposing of his business in Wisconsin, 
he went to Los Angeles, California, spending some time in that city and in the 
San Joaquin valley. Afterward, however, he returned to his native state, but 
when a brief period had elapsed went to Houston, Texas, where he intended to 
establish an ice cream plant. He made some arrangements to that end, but 
subsequently abandoned his plans and started on a return trip to Wisconsin. 



362 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

He stopped off at Waterloo, however, and this growing, enterprising city made 
such strong appeal to him that he determined to locate here and established his 
present business, buying out a small ice cream factory which had been opened 
the season before by a Mr. Perry in a small room in the rear of the present 
site of the Princess theater. 

After purchasing the business Mr. Crowell removed to a room on Sixth 
street and in 191 1 his present commodious plant was built for him at Nos. 418 
and 420 East Sixth street, where he has one of the best equipped plants in the 
state of Iowa. In the process of manufacture the cream is homogenized and 
pasteurized, Mr. Crowell installing the first homogenizing machine west of the 
Mississippi river. The plant is equipped with an mdependent refrigerating 
system and with everything known to modern science in the making of ice 
cream. The daily capacity is six hundred gallons* and the output is sold over a 
wide territory. Mr. Crowell has no difficulty in disposing of the product 
because of its excellence and his reasonable prices. Most sanitary conditions 
are maintained in the factory and the business is today one of the important 
industries of the city. 

Mr. Crowell was married in 1895 ^^ Miss Jeanette Perkins, of Oshkosh, 
Wisconsin, and to them has been born a daughter, Dorothy I., who is now a 
senior in the high school of Waterloo. Mr. Crowell belongs to Waterloo Lodge, 
No. 105, A. F. & A. M. ; Tabernacle Chapter, No. 52, R. A. M. ; Crescent 
Council, No. 16, R. & S. M. ; Ascalon Commandery, No. 25, K. T. ; and El 
Kahir Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., while he and his wife are members of Water- 
loo Chapter, No. 128, O. E. S. Mr. Crowell is likewise a member of Helmet 
Lodge, No. 89, K. P., the Knights of the Maccabees, the Mystic Workers, the 
Waterloo Commercial Club and the Town Criers Club. His political indorse- 
ment is given to the republican party and he and his wife and daughter are 
members of Christ Episcopal church, in which he is serving as one of the 
vestrymen. His entire life has been characterized by advancement since he be- 
gan to earn his living by selling papers on the streets of Oshkosh. He early 
recognized the eternal principle that industry wins and industry became the 
beacon light of his Hfe. He has conducted his affairs successfully without 
allowing personal interests or ambition to dwarf his public spirit. His is the 
record of a strenuous life — the record of a strong individuality, sure of itself, 
stable in purpose, quick in perception, swift in decision, energetic and persistent 
in action. 



J. H. VAN DYKE, M. D. 

Dr. J. H. Yan Dyke, physician and surgeon of Cedar Falls, to whom success 
has come as the logical result of broad study, w^de experience and the most 
conscientious performance of professional duties, now ranks among the men 
most prominent in his calling in this section of the state. He is a western man 
by birth, training and preference and his life embodies the progressive spirit 
which has been the dominant factor in the upbuilding of this section of the 
country. 




DE. J. H. VAN DYKE 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 365 

Dr. Van Dyke was born in Alexandria, Minnesota, March 12, 1877, a son of 
Chester B. and Christina B. (Solum) Van Dyke, the former a native of Pennsyl- 
vania and the latter of Christiansand, Norway. She came to the United States 
with her parents when a young woman of seventeen years and they settled in 
Douglas county, ninety miles beyond the terminus of the railroad. There the 
grandfather, L. O. Solum, took up government land and upon the farm which 
he developed and improved spent his remaining days. He had been a school 
teacher in Norway and in the capacity of teacher there devolved upon him the 
duty of vaccinating the children under his charge, preparing his own vaccine 
and administering it. This was at an early period following the discovery of 
the value of vaccination as a preventive measure. 

Chester B. Van Dyke was reared to early manhood in Pennsylvania and 
came west to join General Custer, who at that time was recruiting his forces in 
the northwest for military service on the frontier. However, his plans were 
diverted at St. Paul and he joined his brother James, who was then government 
land agent and located at Alexandria, Minnesota. There Chester B. Van Dyke 
established the first store of the town and for some years was identified with 
merchandising there. In 1881 he removed to Evansville, Minnesota, and subse- 
quently to Detroit, that state, where, he had another brother, Milton, who was a 
practicing physician of that place. In 1890 he returned to Alexandria, where 
his death later occurred. The Van Dyke family have been prominent in Minne- 
sota politics. The father was a republican in his political views but all of his 
sons are equally stanch as supporters of the democratic party. One of the num- 
ber, Carl C. A an Dyke, is now a member of the United States congress from the 
St. Paul district and was formerly president of the Tenth Division of Railway 
Mail Clerks. Another brother, Cleve W.. served as county superintendent of 
schools in Douglas county, 'Minnesota, and in 1901 was the nominee on the 
democratic ticket for congress. He subsequently became Governor Johnson's 
executive clerk and was a member of Johnson's kitchen cabinet. He is now the 
present owner of the townsite of Miami, Arizona, which has three seven-million- 
dollar institutions, smelters and concentrators, the district being the second 
largest porphyry copper district in the world. He owns there the electric light 
plant, the telephone system, the waterworks and about forty buildings. Another 
brother, A. A. Van Dyke, is a prominent dentist of St. Paul. 

Dr. Van Dyke, whose name introduces this record, completed his more 
specifically literary education in the State University of Minnesota and in 1899 
entered Rush Medical College, from which institution he was graduated with 
the class of 1903. Following his graduation he returned to Minnesota and 
became an interne in a private hospital conducted by a Dr. Christiansen. In 
1905 he once more went to Chicago, where he taught in one of the minor med- 
ical colleges of that city, and during the following three years he pursued the 
practice of his profession there.- 

On the 14th of April, 1903, Dr. Van Dyke was married in Chicago to Miss 
Florence Conkey and unto them has been born a son, John Henry. They left 
Chicago in 1908 and came to Cedar Falls, where in the intervening period of* six 
years Dr. Van Dyke has built up an extensive and gratifying practice. He is a 
member of the Cedar Falls City Medical Society, the Black Hawk County Med- 
ical Society, the Iowa State Medical Society and the American Medical Asso- 
roi. 11—20 



366 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

elation and thus he keeps in touch with the advanced thought of his profession. 
He belongs to Black Hawk Lodge, No. 65, A. F. & A. M., and he and his wife 
are connected with the Order of the Eastern Star. He is likewise a member of 
the Modern Woodmen, the Mystic Workers and the Yeomen, and he and his 
wife hold membership in the Episcopal church. In politics he is, like his 
brothers, a stalwart democrat and is city chairman of the democratic central 
committee. He stands for progress and improvement along all public lines, is 
a member of the Cedar Falls Commercial Club and is secretary of the Cedar 
Falls Business Men's Association, Incorporated. 



ALBERT JUSTIN NORTHRUP, Pii. D., D. D. 

Albert Justin Xorthrup, Ph. D., D. D., the present pastor of Grace Methodist 
Episcopal church and one of the eminent representatives of the ministry in 
Iowa, is a native of Ohio and comes of New England ancestry. He was reared 
upon a farm in Wood county, Ohio, and completed a course at the high school 
at Bowling Green. He was graduated as an honor student with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts from Northwestern University at Evanston, Illinois, and 
afterward spent four months in travel in Europe, thus supplementing his educa- 
tion by that broad experience and knowledge which only travel can bring. Hav- 
ing decided to devote his life to the ministry, he completed the theological course 
at Boston University and later that institution conferred upon him the degree 
of Doctor of Philosophy in recognition of original research work accomplished. 
He also holds the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity from the Nebraska 
Wesleyan University. 

Dr. Northrup's experience as a minister has covered a wide and varied 
field. He began preaching in eastern South Dakota and spent six years as 
pastor in two of the largest churches in northern New England — Garden Street 
church at Lawrence, Massachusetts, and St. John's church in Dover, New 
Hampshire. From the latter place he was transferred to the Nebraska con- 
ference in September, 1908, and was appointed to the Trinity Methodist church 
of Lincoln. Nebraska. In May, 1913, he was transferred to the Upper Iowa 
conference and was appointed pastor of Grace church in Waterloo, which is his 
present connection. He is an earnest, logical and ofttimes eloquent speaker, is 
always inspiring, and in the prosecution of his labors for his church has not 
been denied the full harvest nor the aftermath. 



W. T. HEADFORD. 



W. T. Headford is vice president of the Headford Brothers & Hitchins 
p-Qundry Company of Waterloo, owning and operating the largest foundry in 
Black Hawk county. The business has been one of the foremost productive 
industries of this section of the state since 1903 and in the intervening period 
has enjoyed continuous growth, owing to the capable management and enter- 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 367 

prise of the officers. Mr. Headford is a native son of Dubuque, born October 
22, 1867. There he was reared and educated, passing through consecutive grades 
in the public schools and supplementing his high-school study by a year's course in 
a business college. He entered upon the active duties of life as an employe 
in the Novelty Iron Works of Dubuque, with which he was connected for six 
years, becoming largely acquainted with business methods as well as the practical 
phases of that specific interest during that period. 

Mr. Headford learned the foundry trade m all lines and in 1892 became 
one of the organizers of the Headford Brothers & Hitchins Foundry Company, 
which began business on a small scale in a shop about forty foot square. They 
remained in Dubuque until 1903 When they acceded to solicitation and removed 
to Waterloo. They had won a well merited reputation for fine work in castings 
and the growing business made theirs an institution of value to any community 
in which their plant would be located. Accordingly, in 1903, they removed to 
W^aterloo and now have the largest foundry in the county. They located on 
Westfield avenue in a foundry one hundred and twenty by three hundred feet. 
Their business has steadily grown and after some years they built a second plant 
on Vaughan street, one hundred and ten by four hundred and fifty feet. This 
is supplied with all the most modern equipment known to foundry work in the 
present day. They have everything that recent day invention has brought forth 
in electric and air hoists and motors. Their business has now assumed extensive 
proportions and their large annual shipments are sent over a wide territory. 

In 1891 Mr. Headford was united in marriage to Miss Annie Stellenberg, 
who was born in Galena, Illinois, and they have two children : Pearl, who is 
the wife of Ralph Williams, of Chicago ; and Edward William, who is in the 
office at Waterloo. The parents are members of the Congregational church and 
Mr. Headford belongs to the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks and to the 
Royal Arcanum. His friends, and they are many, find him a genial, courteous 
gentleman, obliging in manner and kindly in spirit. His business associates find 
him alert, energetic and resolute and in his career he has brooked no obstacles 
that could be overcome by persistent, earnest and honorable effort. Thus it is 
that he has steadily advanced and is now numbered among the leading and 
representative business men of Waterloo as vice president of his company. 



E. F. RATH. 



E. F. Rath is the secretary and treasurer of The Rath Packing Company, 
one of the leading industries of Waterloo, devoted to the packing of pork and 
beef. This is the only enterprise of the kind in the city and its growing business 
is indicated in the fact that there are now two hundred employes. 

Mr. Rath is a native son of Iowa, having been born in Dubuque in i860. 
His father, George Rath, was a native son of Germany and in 1848 arrived in 
this state, casting his lot among the early settlers. He took up his abode in 
Dubuque, where he engaged m the pork-packing business, and for many years 
was accorded a foremost position among the prominent business men of the 



368 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

state. He served on the board of aldermen in Dubuque and was otherwise 
connected with public interests. His death occurred in January, 1906. 

E. F. Rath was reared and educated in the city of his nativity and after 
leaving school became connected with his father in the packing house. He was 
also engaged in the hardware business for some time but afterward returned to 
the packing business and in 1887 became a member of the firm of George Rath 
& Son, meat packers of Dubuque. In 1891 their plant in that city was destroyed 
by fire and the same year The Rath Packing Company of Waterloo was or- 
ganized and has since been one of the leading productive industries of the city. 
The present officers of the company are: J. W. Rath, president; F. J. Fowler, 
vice president ; and E. F. Rath, secretary and treasurer. The last named is also 
a member of the board of directors of the Commercial Club and Board of Trade, 
and chairman of the manufacturers' committee. 

Mr. Rath was married in 1891 to Miss Anna Kudobe, of Dubuque, and they 
have become parents of four children: Reuben A., who is with The Rath 
Packing Company; Ruth E. ; George E. ; and William M. 

Mr. Rath is a member of the Presbyterian church, and his influence is always 
on the side of progress and improvement, justice and right. Unselfish and re- 
tiring, he prefers a quiet place in the background to the glamour of publicity, 
but his rare aptitude and ability in achieving results make his advice constantly 
sought and often bring him into a prominence from which he would naturally 
shrink were less desirable ends in view. 



MISS MARGARET CELIA MYERS. 

It has been aptly said that this is preeminently the age of woman. The 
recognition of her rights is being expressed in enlarged opportunities given to 
her through law as well as through public opinion. Her influence is constantly 
broadening in scope and into almost every field of legitimate activity she has 
extended her efl'orts, attended with good results. It has been at only a com- 
paratively recent date that woman has been called to official connection with 
the public schools, although through generations she has been active as a teacher. 
Black Hawk county has given expression of a public recognition of ability in 
choosing Miss Margaret Celia Myers for the position of county superintendent 
of schools and under her direction the educational system has been advanced 
and improved. 

Miss Myers is a native of Aurora. Illinois, and a daughter of Moses R. and 
Celia (A roman) Myers, the former a native of Ohio and the latter of Wi.scon- 
sin. ihey were married in Aliens Grove. Walworth county, Wisconsin, and 
following that important event in their lives removed to Aurora, Illinois. In 
1 87 1 they came west to Iowa, settling in Black Hawk county upon a farm north 
of Waterloo. For several years the father devoted his attention to general 
agricultural pursuits but about 1899 ^^^ removed to Waterloo, where his death 
occurred in 1909. He was an enthusiastic and zealous republican and, while 
never a politician in the sense of office seeking, he was nevertheless an effective 
factor in the success of his party. Flis life was ever actuated by Christian teach- 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 369 

ings and he held membership in the Grace Methodist Episcopal church. He was 
a man highly esteemed and loved by those who knew him and the memory of 
his upright life remains as a benediction to all with whom he came in contact. 
His widow survives and yet makes her home in Waterloo. 

Their daughter, Miss Myers, was a student in both the East and West 
Waterloo high schools and in the Iowa State Teachers' College. At an early 
age she entered upon the profession of teaching and for twenty years was 
prominent among the educators of Black Hawk county. With the exception 
of a brief period of two years all of her work as teacher has been in this county. 
She spent, however, two years in connection with the schools of Manchester, 
Iowa. For five years she taught in the country schools, for six years was a 
teachei in the Cedar Falls schools and for seven years in the schools of Water- 
loo. In 1912 she became the republican nominee for county superintendent of 
schools and received an overwhelming majority in the primaries and a large 
plurality at the following election. She has proved most capable in the office. 
Her work has been most thorough and the school system of Black Hawk county 
is second to that of no county in the state. She has worked for the funda- 
mentals in education and in her work has embodied the thought of Kant, who 
says: "The object of education is to train each individual to reach the highest 
perfection possible for him." She has ever recognized the fact that education 
is to develop capacity and to this end her efforts have been put forth. She 
has recognized another need in the civic life of the community, the need for 
the development of the social interests and for a thorough understanding of 
present day conditions as bearing upon education and other phases of life. To 
this end she has organized township picnics and community gatherings in the 
schoolhouses and has had competent lecturers to address these assemblages, 
thus doing much to encourage that community interest that makes life attractive 
in the rural districts and holds the young people on the farm rather than sending 
them to the cities. 

Miss Myers is a member of the Grace Methodist Episcopal church. Her 
vision of life and its opportunities is broad and her observations are keen and 
her deductions sound. She is in touch with that widespread civic spirit which 
is seeking the uplift of humanity and the benefit of all classes. She ranks with 
tlie able officials of Black Hawk county, is president of the North Central 
County Teachers' Association, composed of eight counties, and is one of the 
well known educators connected with the public-school system of the state. 



PROFESSOR CHARLES W. KLINE. 

Professor Charles W. Kline, who for two years has been superintendent of 
schools of Waterloo, is guided in all of his work by high ideals and has ever 
labored for the adoption of improved standards. His efforts have indeed been 
of direct value and worth to the schools of Black Hawk county. His birth 
occurred in Marion county, Kansas, on the 6th of October, 1872, his parents 
being Levi and Amanda (Long) Kline, the former a native of Ohio and the 
latter of Tennessee. The father, who is now living in Marion, Kansas, was 



370 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

born near Canton, Stark county, Ohio, September 9, 1843, and about 1849 
accompanied his parents on their removal to Huntington county, Indiana. Sev- 
eral years later they went to Wabash county, Indiana, and in the fall of 1856 
the family home was established in Logan county, Illinois, where they were 
living at the time of the outbreak of the Civil war. 

Levi Kline enlisted as a private near Broadwell, Logan county, becoming a 
member of Company F, Seventy-third Regiment of Illinois \^olunteer Infantry, 
on the 5th of August, 1862. He served. until June 25, 1865, lacking but a short 
time of completing his full three years' term of enlistment. He was with 
the Army of the Cumberland and the first battle in which he participated was 
at Perryville, Kentucky. He was with the division commanded by the match- 
less Sheridan and served in that division until after the battle of Missionary 
Ridge, when he was transferred to the Army of the Potomac. Mr. Kline's 
regiment formed a part of the Twentieth Corps of the Army of the Cumber- 
land until after the battle of Missionary Ridge, when the Twentieth and Twenty- 
first Corps were consolidated as the Fourth, and with that command Mr. Kline 
served until the close of the war under different division commanders. After 
taking part in the battle of Perryville, October 8, 1862, he became ill with the 
measles and was in Nashville, Tennessee, thus incapacitated, at the time of the 
battle of Stone River, which was fought from the 30th of December, 1862, 
until the 2d of January, 1863. ]\Ir. Kline was in the Chattanooga campaign 
and in the battle of Chickamauga, Georgia, September 19 and 20, 1863. He 
also took part in the engagement of Missionary Ridge on the 25th of November, 
1863, and was in the expedition for the relief of Knoxville, Tennessee. While 
on that campaign he became seriously ill and was sent to the hospital at Knox- 
ville, Tennessee, where he spent a part of the winter of 1863-4. He was then 
transferred to Nashville, Tennessee, later to Louisville, Kentucky, and after- 
ward across the Ohio river to Jeffersonville, Indiana. When he was again able 
for duty he rejoined his regiment, at which time the army was near Atlanta. 
He assisted in the capture of that place and with his regiment moved south of 
the city and aided in destroying all the railroads. He took part in the battles 
of Jonesboro and Lovejoy Station and after the fall of Atlanta the regiment 
to which he belonged was sent back under command of General George H. 
Thomas to Nashville, Tennessee. He participated in the battle of Franklin, 
November 30, 1864, and later, on the 15th and i6th of December of the same 
year, he participated in the battle of Nashville, which terminated the war for 
the Army of the Cumberland. After that battle the Fourth Army Corps fol- 
lowed what was left of Hood's army as far south as Huntsville, Alabama, where 
they went into winter quarters. In March, 1865, the Fourth Army Corps was 
sent to eastern Tennessee, near the A^irginia border, and was there stationed 
when the news of Appomattox was received. When the war was ended they 
were sent back to Nashville, where the Seventy-third Illinois was mustered 
out. The regiment then returned to Camp Butler, near Springfield, and the 
men were discharged on the 25th of June, 1865. Mr. Kline is now a member 
of Pollock Post, No. 42, G. A. R.. of the Department of Kansas. 

Charles W. Kline supplemented his public-school education by study in the 
Kansas State Normal, from which he graduated with the class of 1898, and in 
the Kansas State University at Lawrence, in which he completed his course in 



HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 371 

1902, while in 1906 he won the degree of LL.B. upon graduation from the Uni- 
versity of Chicago Law School. After the completion of his course in the 
Kansas State University he was made principal of the high school of Hutchin- 
son, Kansas, which position he occupied for three years, and at the end of that 
time was elected superintendent of schools at McPherson, Kansas, where he 
remained for five years. In 191 1 he came to Waterloo as principal of the east 
side high school and so continued through 191 1 and 1912, when he was elected 
superintendent of schools in Waterloo. His preparation for his chosen profes- 
sion was thorough and his reputation is well earned. He has made a study of 
individual needs and at the same time has carefully studied the curriculum in 
order to meet the demands of the public for a broad yet practical education as 
a training for the later duties of life. The schools of Waterloo have benefited 
much through his efforts and he is able to inspire teachers and pupils with much 
of his own zeal and interest in the work. 

On the 15th of July, 1907, Professor Kline was married in McPherson, 
Kansas, to Miss Florence Upshan, and they have a daughter, Dorothy. They 
hold membership in the Presbyterian church and Professor Kline is also a 
Master Mason. For three years he was a member of the Kansas National Guard 
at Marion, Kansas. His political indorsement has always been given the repub- 
lican party since age conferred upon him the right of franchise and he regards 
it as the duty as well as privilege of every true American citizen to vote for 
the measures which he thinks will best advance the welfare of the country at 
large. He is a member of the Commercial Club of Waterloo and as such does 
everything in his power to further the interests of the city in which he now 
makes his home and which is proud to number him among its residents. 



HARRY W. SIGWORTH, M. D. 

The demands made upon the medical profession are many. If a lawyer is 
brusque and crabbed, it is believed to be because he is intent upon his profes- 
sional interests, which are most complex and burdensome. If a minister seems 
unsympathetic and remote in manner, it is thought that it is because he is en- 
gaged in the contemplation of things beyond our ken. But of the physician and 
surgeon we demand not only broad and accurate scientific knowledge but also 
keen understanding, thorough sympathy and unabating courtesy. Meeting all 
these requirements. Dr. Harry W. Sigworth has gained a creditable position 
among the professional men of Waterloo during the seven years of his residence 
in this city. 

He was born in Anamosa, Iowa, in 1878, a son of Dr. H. W. Sigworth, who 
has engaged in the practice of medicine in that place for nearly a half century. 
The son was reared in his native city and attended its public schools until he 
had mastered the branches which constitute the curriculum there. He after- 
ward attended the Iowa State University and completed his professional course 
in Rush Medical College of Chicago with the class of 1899. He then located in 
Anamosa and entered upon active practice with his father, there remaining 
until 1907, when he removed to Waterloo, where he has since followed his pro- 



372 HISTORY OF BLACK HAWK COUNTY 

fession. While he continues in general practice, he does much work in surgery 
and he has comprehensive knowledge of anatomy and the component parts of 
the human body, combined with that skill and steadiness of nerve which are 
so essential in difficult and delicate surgical work. He is now attending surgeon 
to the St. Francis Hospital of Waterloo and is district surgeon for the Illinois 
Central Railroad. He has specialized to a considerable extent in that field 
and his rapidly developing power and ability have already placed him in the 
front rank among the leading surgeons of this part of the state. 

In 1902 Dr. Sigworth was united in marriage to Miss Daisy Hileman, of 
Waterloo. They attend the Congregational church and their home is the 
center of a cultured society circle. Dr. Sigworth is connected with several 
fraternal organizations, including the Elks and the Knights of Pythias, and in 
Maso