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Full text of "History of the Bowman family : authorized by resolution passed at the Bowman reunion, 1905"

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History 

of the Bowman Family. 



Authorized h^ 

resolution passed at 

the Bowman Reunion 1905. 



Compiled h^ 

Herman M. Smiley 

Mrs. Rachel Miller McConnell 

Seymour O. Manchester 

Committee 

-1909- 



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PREFACE 



After five years of preparation, tlio historical committee 
has decided to offer its report. Tlie task has ])eeii one re- 
quiring patience and care. Nearly two tlioiisand descend- 
ants of Philip Casper Bowman have been traced, and yet 
for various reasons it has been impossible to secure all of 
them. All of the older families have been fully recorded. 
A considerable amount of interesting historical information 
has been secured. In preparing the records all reasonable 
care has been taken to avoid errors and omissions. We 
hope our effort will meet with your approval. 

A lively interest has been manifested in the work by the 
many families, and numerous inquiries have been made from 
time to time .concerning its progress. Nearly all have re- 
sponded promptly to requests for. records and other infor- 
mation. Only a few have neglected to furnish the necessary 
data. In collecting records for the book many of the rela- 
tives have aided the committee greatly by furnishing more 
than their share of information. We are very grateful for 
this hel]). The following persons deserve special acknowl- 
edgement for this extra service : Mr. Alvin J. Stentz of 
Gans, Pa., furnished nearly all of the records of the Stentz 
families; Mrs. Susan (Rinehart) Bowman of Ellsworth, 0., 
contributed much of the general information relating to 
John J. Bowman and his family ; Mrs. Rachel Sethman, 
East Akron, Ohio, collected most of the records of the 
Hudson families, and furnished the letter giving the mili- 
tary record of Philip Casper Bowman; Mr. J. B. Richards 
of Ashland county, Ohio, sent the sketch of the Fast 
family from a report of the first Fast family reunion held in 
Ashland county, and called attention to the error that has 
so curiously crept into the records regarding the name of 
Philip C. Bowman's wife. It appears from the Fast Family 
history that Nicholas Fast had a daughter called Catherine, 



and anotlicr iiaincd Katy. Catherine Fast married Henry 
Weaver and Katy Fast married Philip Casper Bowman, also, 
Mrs. Rachel Foutz ijave us much information of the Ashland 
county families, and our venerable President, Allen S. Bow- 
man, related his personal recollections of Philip C. Bowman. 

We rej^ret that we have been iniable to secure more com- 
plete records of the Krebs and Landon families, but it 
seemed impossible to do so. 

So then we offer this somewhat incoyiplete report rather 
than try your patience by further delay. 

HERMAN M. SMILEY, 

MRS. RACHEL MILLER McCONNELL, 

SEYIMOUR 0; MANCHESTER, 

Committee. 



OUR FAMILY TREE- 

One by one the leaves of Autninn 

Droj) from off the family ti'ee. 
Now a grandsiiv, wife, or husband, 

In our homes no more we see. 
Here a mother's i)laee is vacant. 

And we miss her when we meet. 
Then a father leaves the homestead, 

And no more his form we greet. 
When we meet at these reunions, 

Every year some one is gone ; 
And no more we feel their handshake, 

For they're dropping one by one. 
Still the tree grows tall and taller; 

Branches new come year by year. 
Grafted in from other scions ; 

Spreading out and bringing cheer. 
But the youth will not remend)er 

Those who met with us at lirst ; 
Save as in the coming history 

Names and lives are there rehearsed. 
Yes, and faces too, I'm ho])ing: 

Of those who now have ])asse(l away 
As well as of the veterans 

Who are with us still today. 
May this tree still grow and flourish 

As it has in days of yore 
'Till reunions here are ended, 

And when time shall be no moi-e. 
]\Iay there be a glad reunion 

At the resurr(;ction birth. 
May we all receive a Well Done 

From the Lord of all the earth. 

ELIZABETH K. (BOWMAN) CESSNA. 

Canfield, Ohio. 
Aged 64 years. 
August 9th. 1906. 



INDEX 

Page. 

David Bowman 9 

Lieutenant Phiiip Casper Bowman 11 

Official Military Record of Philip Casper Bowman.. 14 

The Fast Family 15 

Christian Fast Captured by Indians . .16 

Elizabeth Bowman Stentz 20 

Catherine (Stentz) Dunlap 21 

John P. Stentz 24 

Peter Stentz 27 

Mary R. (Stentz) Musgrove 30 

Jesse E. Stentz 3 2 

Sarah Ann (Stentz) Morgan 34 

Hon. John Jacob Bowman 3 6 

The Reverend John Stough 4 2 

Extracts from the Journal of the Reverend John 
Stough, translated from the German by his son. 

Dr. Samuel Stough 50 

Conrad Hogmire's Services During the Revolution- 
ary War 70 

Jonas Bowman 73 

Elizabeth Bowman Rinehart 79 

John Bowman 84 

Samuel Bowman 97 

Johshua Bowman 104 

Christian Bowman 107 

John Jacob Bowman 112 

Josiah Bowman 116 

Sarah Bowman Stanley 124 

Rebecca Bowman Fitch 128 

Comfort Christian Bowman 134 

Andrew Philip Bowman 138 

Joshua Bowman 139 

Lucinda (Bowman) Martin 139 

Asher R. Bowman 140 

Rachel (Bowman) Foutz 142 

Christian F. Bowman 142 

Annetta (Bowman) "Webb 145 

Emily Bowman Howard 145 

Joshua Bowman 145 

Keziah (Bowman) Webb 146 

Emily Sophronia (Webb) Haines 149 

John Nicholas Bowman 151 

Matilda (Bowman) Mellinger 152 

Solomon A. Bowman 152 



Barbara (Bowman) Howard 152 

Joshua Bowman 153 

Susannah (Bowman) Taylor 154 

Juliana Bowman 155 

Almira (Bowman) Henkle 155 

John Hiram Bowman 156 

Charlotte Bowman Gault 157 

John Gault 160 

Charlotte Bowman Hudson 162 

Dr. Solomon Hudson 164 

Caroline (Hudson) Cook 166 

Julia (Hudson) Updegraff 170 

Rev. Joseph L. Hudson 172 

John S. Hudson 174 

Rufus M. Hudson 176 

Josiah B. Hudson 176 

Sarah (Bowman) Orr 178 

Mary L. Orr Eckis 182 

Joshua Orr 183 

Catherine (Orr) Baldwin 185 

Sarah Ann (Orr) Rose '. 186 

Sarah Ann (Orr) Moherman 187 

Henrietta (Orr) Johnson 188 

Rebecca Bowman Landon 190 

Catherine (Bowman) Krebs 192 

Joannah Bowman Goodman 193 

Catherine Goodman Toot 193 

John Philip Goodman 194 

Sarah A. (Goodman) Dustman 195 

Lovina (Goodman) Roose 195 

Rachel Bowman Richards 197 

Eliza Richards Vance . 198 

Jason B. Richards 198 

Biographical Sketch of Samuel Richards and Rachel 

Bowman, his wife 199 

Death of Herman McCoy Smiley 210 

Note by Printer 213 



INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Page. 

Hon. John Jacob Bowman 35 

Home of John J. Bowman, Built in 1S16 40 

Rev. John Stough 41 

Jonas Bowman 73 

Elizabeth Bowman Rinehart 78 

John Bowman 83 

Mrs. Lycurgus Bowman 88 

Lycurgus Bowman 89 

Philip Bowman 92 

Samuel Bowman 96 

Herman McCoy Smiley 98 

Joshua Bowman 103 

John J. Bowman 110 

Mrs. John Jacob Bowman Ill 

Mrs. Sarah K. Bowman 114 

Josiah Bowman 115 

Allen S. Bowman 117 

Seymour O. Manchester 118 

Mrs. Josiah Bowman 119 

Noah Stanley 122 

Mrs. Sarah B. Stanley 123 

Comfort C. Bowman 132 

Mrs. Susanna Rinehart . .' 133 

Andrew P. Bowman 136 

Mrs. Margaret Bowman 137 

Mrs. Rachel Miller McConnell 143 

Emily S. Webb Haines 148 

Robert Gault 158 

Mrs. Robert Gault 159 

Charlotte Bowman Hudson 161 

Dr. Solomon Hudson 163 

Mrs. Caroline Hudson Cook 165 

Mrs. Julia Updegraf 169 

Rev. Jos. L. Hudson 171 

John S. Hudson and Wife * 173 

Rufus Hudson 175 

Mrs. Sarah Bowman Orr 177 



Daniel Eckis 180 

Mrs. Mary Orr Eckis 181 

Jolin and Catherine Bowman Krebs 191 

Leonard R. Bowman and mother . . ■- 209 

Mrs. Sarah Stentz Morgan 208 

William L. Morgan 207 

Mrs. Lydia Stentz ' 206 

Jesse E. Stentz 205 

Mrs. Caroline Stentz Dunlap 201 

John P. Stentz 202 

Mrs. John P. Stentz 203 

Peter Stentz and wife 204 



DAVID BOWMAN. 

In the history of tlie J>()wmaii family, tlie most rcmot*! 
ancestor of wliicli we have any record is. David I^ownian. 
He was a njitive of Wurteniberg-, Germany. 1 1 is wife, whose 
name was Eliza])eth, came from Alsace, France. 

In 1755 David Jiowman, with his wife and one daughter 
sailed for America. The voyage at that time was a tedious 
one. October 25, when on the ocean, a son was born, lie 
T^ was called Philip Cas])er Bowman. 

On reaching America the family settled in Pennsylvania 
near Philadelphia, Elizab(^tli Bt)wman soon afterward died. 
It is said that David Bowman again married, but no record 
of his marriage has been found. 

The daughter, who came with them from (iermauy, mar- 
ried a man by the name of Braudelierry, some of whose de- 
cendants were early settlers in Center township, Colum- 
biana county, Ohio. 

David Bowman died in 1757. 

An elder son of David and Elizabeth Bowman, while yet 
a boy, left the home of his parents in Germany intending to 
go to America. The parents never again heard from this son. 
They did not know whether he ever reached America or 
not, and nothing has since been heard of the lost son or his 
descendants. Unfortunately the name of this son is not now 
known.. It is quite possible, however, that this son may 
have reached America and became the progenitor of one ')f 
the other Bowman families. The follo\\'iug account of the 
origin of one of these families in America, accidentall\- dis- 
covered, seems to show very strongly that this is true. And 
while the fact cannot be proven, the circumstances point to 
this being the missing son. It is to be hoped some future 
proof may be supplied, and this strange, romantic coinci- 
dence may be proven beyond a doubt. 

Henry Bowman of York county. Pa., came to America from 
Germany when a boy as a stow-away. Having no money 
to pay his passage he secreted himself on a vessel that was 
bound for an American port. He was not discovered^ unril 
the ship was far out at sea, when the Captain took him in 
charge, and on reaching America sold the unfortunate 
Henry to a speculator for an amount sufficient to pay for his 
passage. He faithfully served his term of indenture. When 

(9) 



he had canceled the debt he was released. After this he 
went to York county, Pennsylvania, where he married and 
located npon a farm near Little York, where he remained 
until his death.. 

He left a large family of children who became pioneers 
in Western Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. The following 
are their mimes : 
John, born September 25, 1771. 
Henry, born August 3, 1773. 
Catherine, born July 6, 1776. 
Samu(^l, born November 2, 1778. 
Elizabeth, born February 23, 1781. 
Christian, born March 23, 1783. 
Michael, born December 16, 1785. 
Mary, born August 6, 1788. 
David, l)orn December 19, 1790. 
Salom«, born December 16, 1793. 
George, born December 8, 1797. 

The date of the birth of Henry Bowman (Sr.) or the time 
at which he came to America is not known. I5ut a compari- 
son of the dates of the children of Henry Bowman (Sr.) 
and Philip Casper Bowman show Henry to have been the 
elder. Which he must have been in order to have first come 
to America. A similarity in the names of the two families 
is also further evidence of their relationship. 



LIEUTENANT PHILIP CASPER BOWMAN. 

Pliilip Cnsj^cr Hcnvmnn, the only son of l);ivi(l jukI Kli/M 
hetli Bowman of wliich any aulhcnlic recoid exists, was 
^vu at sea October 25, 17;")") (some of tlie reeor-ds uive the 
year 1758) ])nt 1_775 is no doubt correct ;is it is the (bite 
o'iven on the monument at his ijrave. 

Tiie son l^liilij) ('asper Bowman was left an orphan at an 
early age. However he succeeded in netting a fairly ^ood 
education. He spoke French, German and Enf^lish, thouiih 
he used Oerman mostly in his family. When a young- man 
he learned the trade of shoe maker. lie worked at this 
trade until the lieginning of the Kevolntionary war. IMiilip 
C. Bowman enlisted as a private in the Continental aimiv, 
June 1776, and served until August 1778. He was with 
General Washington at the battle of Trenton December 26, 
1776 when the Hessians posted there w^ere captured. For 
his bravery at this battle Philip Bowman was promoted to 
the rank of second lieutenant. In the following year he 
was in the battles of Brandywine and Germantown. IT*^ 
was also at the battle .^f Monmouth and in the many skir- 
mishes of the British around Philadelphia. 

Philip Casper Bowman married Katy Fast. She was liorn 
Augnst 14, 176)5, and was the daughter of Nicholas Fast a 
native of Palse, Germany, and Catherine his wife, whose 
maiden name was Terner, of Hamburg, Germany. The Fast 
I'amily were pioneers in Western l^ennsylvania 

Philip I^owman and his wufe located in Fayette count; 
Pennsylvania, near the Monongahela river, in a locality 
known as the Red Stone country. The Red Stone settle- 
ment was then situated upon the western frontier of civili- 
zation. It was protected by a strongly garrisoned fort, ami 
was a place of considerable historical interest, as a military 
post. Up to the year 1774 the only regular forts on the 
western frontier of Pennsylvania were those located at 
Pittsburg and Red Stone. 

The Red Stone country was rapidly settled, and im- 
provements made the price of land high. So Philip Bow- 
man, with his large family, many of whom were grown u]), 
resolved to push fiu'ther west where land was cheai)er, and 
the opportunities for investment better. The land of Red 
Stone was exchanged for 640 acres of new land in SectioM 

(11) 



six, Green tovvn.shij), Cdliiiiihijiiia county (now a part of 
Mahonin^f county). 

In 1808 I'hillip Bowman with liis wife and family movcl 
t) their new home in Ohio. The eklest d<mij:hter,^Elizabeth, 
who had married Daniel Stentz of Fayette county, was the 
c)nl\- member of the family who remained in Pennsylvania. 
A daughter was born in Ohio. This daughter, Rachel, nev- 
er saw her sister, Elizabeth Stentz, so me-iger was the op- 
portunity for travel in those days. The 640 acres of land 
vn which they located was afterwards divided among his 
th^ee sons. Christian, Joshua, John N., and a son-in-law. 
lleni'y Goodman. 

In appearance Philip Casper Bowman was a small man. 
lie dressed in the Colonial style. lie wore knee pants with 
buckles, low shoes also silver buckled, and a high-crowned 
narrow-brimed hat. In matters of his personal appearanc.> 
be was careful and precise. Pie rode a great deal on horse 
bick. He never used a saddle, but always rode bare backed 
A liMise he kei^t for riding in the later years of his life, was 
a small sorrel,, one "fat and round as a log," and so well 
ti'aine 1 th-;t of itself would approach the "upping block" 
for the rider t) mount. When he was an old man he would 
sametiines arise at day break, and ride to the home of his 
son, John Jacob, a distance of fifteen miles, arriving in time 
for -breal\fast. 

Philip Bowman was a sociable man. In his advance' 
years he was fond of attending "wool i)ickings". These 
v/ere held at the houses of most of the pioneers for the pur- 
pose of preparing wool for the carding mill. These "wool 
pickings" were often made pleasant social affairs, and 
Philip Bownum was nnicli sought after by his friends and 
neighbors f )r the entertainment he furnish-ed in the way of 
j )kes and lively conversation. He retained his jovial dis- 
position all his life. Wlien nearly ninety years of age, h',^ 
was out about his home one stormy day when a gust ol 
Vvind c luse 1 him to lose his balance.. He said to tlios" 
no u* him, "I guess the Wind will blow me away some day 

jOity Bowman, wife of Philip Casper Bowman, died N.>- 
vember 23, 1826, aged about 63 years. She wa.s buried aL 
the Presbyterian cemetary at Ellsworth, near their home 
she lieing a Presbyterian in faith. 

Philip Casper Bowman .died January 17, 1845, at tin- 
venerable age of nearly ninety years. He .vas buried at St 
John's German Lutheran church, of which he was a faith- 
ful member. The crumbled monument that marked .his 
grave has l)een replaced by a more durable one by the l^ow 
man Reunion Association. 

(12) 



The following' ;ire llic ikiiucs, dates of hii'lli, and iigen ol' 
the four sons and eij^lit (hiiiulitei's ol' IMiilip ( !asper, and 
Katy (Fast) P>o\vinan: — 
S^ I. Elizabeth (Stent/), born November 12, 177-4, died. 
August 31, 1861, aged 87 years. 

II. John Jacol) Bowman, l)orn Novend)er 2'.], 1779, died 
Se]it»Mnlier 9, 18(54, ag'ed 85 years. 

ill. Christian l>o\vman, born -January 12, 1781, died 
December 18, 1852, aged 72 years. 

IV. Joshua Bowman, born March 9, 1787, died Ai)ril 
16, 1800, aged 73 years. 

V. Keziah (Webb), born 1789, died Sei)tembei- 
2, 1857, aged 69 years. 

VI. John Nicholas Bowman, born December 22, 1791, 
died February 22, 1858, aged 66 rears. 

VII. Charlotte (Gault) (Hudson) born I\Iarch 2, 1794, 
died September 15, 1863, aged 69 years. 

VIII. Sarah (Orr), born March 19, 1796, died Septem- 
ber 28, 1875, aged 79 years. 

IX. Rebecca (Landon) born August 18, 1800, died Oc- 
tober 28, 1875, aged 75 years. 

X. Catharine (Kreb.s) born July 14, 1802, died May 8, 
1884, aged 82 years. 

XI. Joanah (Goodman) born September 19, 1804, died 
March 10, 1849, aged 44 years. 

XII. Rachel (Richards) born February 19, 1807, died 
November 21, 1873, aged 66 years. 



I'b 



OFFICIAL MILITARY RECORD OF 
PHILIP CASPER BOWMAN. 

(0. W. and N. Div., T. S. C, T. 2091, Kev. War.) 

Department of the Interior. 
Bureau of Pensions, 
Washington, D. C, August 2, 1904 
SIR : 

In reply to your recpiest for a statement of the military 
history of Philip Bowman, a soldier of the Revolutionary 
war, you will find below the desired information as con- 
tained in his application for pension on file in this Bureau. 

Voliniteered in Frederick Co., Md., June 1776. Served 
over two years. 

Discharged August 1778 at Philadelphia, Pa., with rank 
of Ensign. 

►Served under Captain Peter Mantz, and Colonel Shryack. 
Engaged in battles of Trenton and Princeton. 
?^esideuce of soldier during war, Fredericktown, Md. 
Date of application for pension, August 15, 1832. 
Residence of date of application, Columbiana count}', 
Ohio. 

Born Little York, Pa., October 25, 1755 or 1756. 
Remarks: — Ilis claim was allowed. 

Very Respectful Iv, 
Mr. F. H. Caley, ' "e. F. WARE. 

Department of Insurance, 
State House, 

Columbus, Ohio. 



IH 



THE FAST FAMILY. 

Nicholas Fast was a native of False, (Jeniiany. About 
1745 he niai-rieil Catherine Darner (Terner) whose faniily 
lived at Ilamburii', Germany. Her parents, who were people 
of wealth, opposed the marriage on account of the young 
man's poverty. After their marriage they sailed for 
America. On their arrival tliey were unable to pay for their 
passage over the ocean, and were sold into a term of servi- 
tude until it was worked out. 

They afterwai'ds located in Fayette county, Pennsylvania, 
where Nicholas Fast died at the remarkable age of one- 
hundred and three years. The names of their children were : 
Adam, who located in Western Virginia; Jacob, who settledin 
Lancaster township, Fayette county, Pennsylvania; Francis, 
who remained ui)on the home farm in Fayette county ; 
Christian, who was two years an Indian prisoner, and who 
afterward located in Ashland county, Ohio ; Catherine, who 
married Henry Weaver ; Barbara, who married Jacob 
Shaver ; Elizabeth, who married William Fleck ; Anna, who 
married a Mr. Baker ; and K atie w ho married Philij) Casper_ 
~>owm£ 



iS 



CHRISTIAN FAST CAPTURED BY INDIANS. 

In 1781 Christian Fast, then a boy aliont nineteen years of 
age, enlisted in the service of his conntry. On the 25th of 
Angnst the same year he was captnred by the Dehiware 
Indians a few miles above the falls of the Ohio River. 

A portion of the army was being transported by boats. 
The boat which Fast was in was shoved ashore, and a 
Bnffalo heifer shot, and while in the act of cooking- the 
Bnffalo for breakfast for those on board, they were attacked 
by a party of Indians. The frightened soldiers fled to the 
boat, bnt were nnable to shove the boat into the cnrrent. 
The Indians rnshed down to the shore and fired into the 
boat. (:hristian Fast leaped over the opposite side of the 
boat into the water and at the same time received a flesh 
wonnd in the thigh. 

On striking the water he was canght by one of his womid- 
ed comrades who was a very heavy man, and they both sank 
in the river. After extricating himself from the grasp of 
his dying companion. Fast swam to the opposite shore, 
and when he attempted to ascend the bank he saw two 
Indians approaching him who said, "come on brother and 
we will treat yon well." Not wishing to enjoy their hospi- 
tality he threw himself back into the river jnst in time to 
escape their bnllets, and swam, to the middle of the river. 
He fonnd the small boats had floated some distance down 
stream from the one he had left, and by great exertion he 
overtook a flat boat and boarded it jnst as it was captnred. 

After two or three day's march the Indians bnilt a 
campfire, and the prisoners were all nnide to dance once 
aronnd it before being tied for- the night to prevent their 
escape. When it came Christian Fast's tnrn to dance he 
pleaded off on account of his painfnl wonnd, but the 
Indians would take no excuse. So limping along for a few 
steps and then springing upon his hands he began a sort 
of bear dance, making singular maneuvers and turning 
somer-saults and yelling like an Indian. His appearance, 
which was small and slim, with black hair, dark eyes and 
swarthy skin, and the agility with which he performed 
those gynniastic maneuvers so captivated the Indians that 
he became the hero of the party and was no longer bound 
at night. After enduring the hardships of an Indian life in 

(16) 



the wilds of tlie Oliio Territory foi' al)out a year there 

was a grand eouiicil held by several of lln' Indi.iii Icihcs at 

Chillieothe at which it was resolv(Ml in r.iisc an Indian army 

to operate against the border settlements of Virginia and 

Pennsylvania. Christian Fast had at that time won the 

eonfidenee of his savage mast(M's and they believed him to be 
loyal to them. lie was painted in true warrior style. His 
hair was put np in a long (jueue and drawn llu-ongh a silver 
tnbe, and decorated with feathers. He was furnished with 
a tomahawk, scal]iing knife and bow. When the Indians 
called for volunteers, Fast agreed to go on the exi)edition 
if they wonld snpply him with a gun. His chief promised 
him the first gun that wonld be captured. Fast's object in 
volunteering was to get to a place where he was acquainted 
so he could make his escape. 

The expedition passed down the old Wyandot trail, 
through what are now Crawford, Richland and Ashland 
connties, and proceeded to attack the small fort or block 
honse on the present site of Wheeling, West Virginia. The 
Indians camped near the fort. On the third night of the 
siege Fast said to his Indian companion, Kawasa, that he 
was thirsty and wanted the Indian to go with him to get a 
kettle of water. Kawasa answered in a gruff voice "go 
yonrself, no one will harm." Fast did not expect the Indian 
to go with him wdien he asked him, so he took the camp 
kettle and went alone. He resolved to attempt his escap.:*. 
The Indians did not pursue him for they believed he had 
fallen in the river, as he had left the kettle by the river 
bank. Fast proceeded carefully to Fort Rice, which was 
about to be attacked, and warned the people of the settle- 
ment that the Indians wonld attack the place in a few hours. 
The frightened people fled to the block house in time fo'- 
protection, and Fast instead of continuing on his journey 
remained and fought with the determined little band nntil 
the Indians were repulsed, after which he resumed his trip 
to his home. As he was passing along he saw the branches 
of a small tree shaking and thinking an Indian was in hi<l- 
ing, he approached stealthily and discovered that it was a 
bear in a wild plum tree. The tree was full of ripe plums and 
the bear was helping himself. Fast frightened away the bear 
and gathered some of the plums and ate them, for he was 
nearly exhausted from hunger and fatigue. Farther along 
Fast saw^ a man catching some horses. The man was armed 
with a gun. Fast feared that he would be taken for an 
Indian and shot, as he still retained his Indian appearance. 
He hid behind a tree and called to the man. The man on 

(17) 



seeing' Fast fled, thinking perhaps that a party of Indians 
were in ambush. 

Now master of the situation, Fast caught one of the 
horses having a halter on it, mounted it and rode it a con- 
siderable distance when he turned it loose. 

Finally, Fast reached his home in Fayette county in safe- 
ty. On entering the cabin of his parents he so nearly re- 
sembled an Indian warrior that they did not know him. 
His mother at length recalled a peculiar spot near the pupil 
of his eye, and seeing a smile npon his countenance at once 
identified her son, and rushed forward to embrace him, but 
he told her not to touch him for he was covered with vermin 
from the Indian camp. 

The escape of Fast from the Indians, and return to his 
home took place in the fall of 1782. 

In the spring of 1781 when Fast first entered the army 
and was marching away under the unfurled banner of the 
United States, a young lady saw him and made fun of his 
youthful appearance. Two years later-rafter his escape 
from the Indians he again met this young lady. Her name 
was Anna l^arbra Mason, and she became his wife a year 
later. They located at first in Dunker township. Green 
county, Pennsylvania, where they remained until 1871, 
when they removed to Ashland county, Ohio. 

On the first night after the family of Christian Fast had 
arrived in Ashland county, they were visited by a party of 
eight or ten Indians headed by an old warrior, who had 
discovered their light and came where they were. 

On coming to within a few feet of Fast and his children 
who were sitting on a log near where his wife was preparing 
supper, the old Indian looked at him for a moment and 
then rushed forward exclaiming "Tuckwecoby", which was 
the Indian name of Fast, and offering Fast his hand m 
token of friendship. The old warrior was Tomas Lyons, 
who was present at his capture and who was along with the 
expedition at Wheeling when he made his escape thirty- 
three years before. The Indians had always believed Fast 
to have fallen in the river, and on finding him alive they 
gave him many tokens of friendship. The Indians regarded 
Fast and his children as belonging to their tribe. 

In the fall of 1819 old Tom Lyons and other noted Dela- 
wares made a feast to which Christian Fast and his sons 
were invited. None but his two sons Nicholas and Francis 
attended. There were present about sixty Indians, and no 
whites except these two boys. A large black bear was pre- 
pared for the occasion. The body of the bear was roastevl 
and cut in slices and passed around on new bark plates. 

(18) 



Tlu' lu'jid iiiid feet of the Ix'.-ir was boiled, skin and all, and 
a soup made whieli ^\^•ls handed around in woodeu ladles. 
The boys said the roast was exeelleiU, hut tlie soup was uot, 
relished. At the close of tlie feast old Tom Lyons insisted on 
painting the Fast boys in Indian fashion, to which they con- 
sented. The old warrior did the work so thoi-ou,<;ldy that 
the paint remained indelible on the face of Fi-ancis for more 
than a year, and for a long time after he was known a.-^ 
Indian Frank. 

Christian P^'ast died June 23rd, 1841, aged 79 years, 1 
month and '■] days. 

Anna liarbra Fast, his wife, died August 18th, 1855, agea 
86 years, 11 months and 9 days. 

The family of Christian Fast and his wife, Anna Barbra 
(]\Tason) e(uisisted of fifteen children, two of whom died in 
infancy. The names of the remaining thirteen children are 
as follows : Martin, Nicholas, Jacob, Margaret, Barbra, 
Christian, David, William, Francis, Elizabeth, George, John, 
and Christena. 



I. 

ELIZABETH BOWMAN STENTZ. - 

Elizabeth Bowman, dauji'hter of Philip Casper mid Kaly 
Bowman, was born November 12, 1774. Her entire life was 
spent in Fayette county, Pennsylvania. She was the eldest 
child of twelve children of Philip Casper Bowman. 

Elizabeth Bowman married Daniel Stentz of Fayeti,e 
county August 13, 1801. Daniel Stentz was born May 19, 
177!). They located upon a farm in Fayette county near 
Uniontown, Pennsylvania. 

When the parents of Elizabeth Stentz and her brothers 
nnd sisters moved to Ohio in 1806, Elizabeth and her hus- 
band remained in Pennsylvania. They both lived to be olil. 
Daniel Stentz died January 11, 1853, aged 74 years. Eliza- 
beth Stentz died August 31, 1861, aged 87 years. They 
raised a family of six children. The following are theii 
names and dates of birth and death : 

Catherine, born August 2, 1802, died aged 

John P., born Jan. 6, 1804, died Jan , 1874, aged 70 

years. 
S^eter, born Nov. 14, 1807, died Feb. 22, 1880, aged 73 years. 
'^Mary R., born March 24, 1817, died Aug. 21, 1873, aged 66 

years. 
Jesse E., born Nov. 16, 1820, died Sept. 3, 1896, aged 76 

years. 
Sarah Ann, born Nov. 16, 1824, died. Oct. 18, 1870, aged 4G 

years. 




CATHERINE (STENTZ) DUNLAP. 

Catherine Stent/, eldest daughter of Daniel and Eli/.a 
beth (Bowman) Stentz, was ])()rn Auo'ust 2, 1802. 

Catherine Stentz married John Dunlap. John Dunlap was 
born December 6, 1784. They located in Fayette county. 
Pennsylvania. Jolin Dinila]) di(?d April 8, 1874, aged 9() 
years. Catherine Dunlap died September 26, 1884, aged 82 
years. To them were born nine children as follows: 
Joseph A. Dunlap, born January 18, 1829. 
Amanda E. Dunla]), born October 23, 1830. 
Jane A. Dunlap, born July 10, 1832, died June 5, 1839. 
John Bowman Dunhip, born March 29, 1834, died August IP, 

1853. 
Mary Rebecca Dunlap, born January 27, 1837. 
James Stewart Dunlap, horn Jan. 31, 1839, died Nov. 11, 

1865. 
Ashabel F. Dunlap, born May 2, 1841. 
Virginia A. Dunlap, born March. . . ., 1843, died March 

1843. 
Jesse W. Dunlap, born March . . . . , 1844. 

Joseph A. Dunlap, son of John and Catherine (Stentz) 

Dunlaj), married Julia A. Baxter , 1855. Their 

home is at Wac(\ McLennan county, Illinois. To them were 

born six children as follows: 

Anna B. Dunlap. 

William A. Dunlap. 

Harry Dunlap. 

John Dunlap. 

Newton Dunlap. 

Clarence Dunlaji. 

Anna B. Dunhip married Thomas F. Davenport January 
1, 1877. 

The names of their children are as follows: 
Effie C. Davenport. 
Walter E. Daven])ort. 
Charles T. Davenport. 
Nettie A. Davenport. 
Hattie Davenport. 
Edna Davenport. 
Minnie Davenport. 

Wm. A. Dunlap married Minnie L. Rogers January 20, 

(21) 



1898. Their home is at Waco, Texas. 

Amanda E. Dnnlap, daujihter of John and Catherine 
(Stentz) Dnnlap, married Thomas Swearino'en, November 
17, 1853. They kicated at Albion, IMarshall county, Iowa. 
To them were born the followin«i' children : 
Alice Mary Swearingen, born December 10, 1854. 
Jessie B. Swearino-en, born July 17, 1856. 
Ida May Swearingen, born May 14, 1858, died Oct , 

1892. 
IMyrtie I. Swearingen, born March 27, 1800. 
Ella A. Swearingen, born September 1, 1862. 
Emmet Lincoln Swearingen, liorn December 23, 1864. 
Maggie S. Swearingen, born December 15, 1866. 
Frank T. Swearingen, born September 23, 1868. 
Raymond G. Swearingen, born ]\Tay 23, 1872. 

Alice M. Swearingen married John S. Roberts, June 6, 
1872. To them were born : 
Roy E. Roberts, born August 29, 1873. 
Sepha Merle Roberts, born March 17, 1878. 
Don. M. Roberts, born April 29, 1882. 

Jessie B. Swearingen married George 11. Blanchard, July 
3, 1879. Their children are : 

Gertie M. Blanchard, born May 1, 1880, died 

Nieta B. Blanchard, born December 6, 1881. 
Frank T. Blanchard, born December 25, 1885. 

Myrtle Blanchard, born 

Buka Blanchard, born 

Ida May Swearingen married H. E. B. Courson, Septem- 
ber 1, 1876. To them were born: 
Mignon M. Courson, born December 6, 1877. 
M. A. X. Courson, born May 14, 1885. 

Ella A. Swearingen married Frank S. Hearn, "June 6, 
1887. ■ _ ■ _ 

Emmet L. Swearingen married Nellie Johnson. 

Maggie S. Swearingen rnarried J. Clemson Mickle. 

Frank T. Swearingen married Alice L. Overholtzer, Sep- 
tember 4, 1895. 

Ashabel F. Dnnlap married Rebeka McCosh, August 20, 
1862. To them were born : 
Geoi^^ina Dnnlap, born October 19, 1863. 
J. Ellsworth Dnnlap, born Feb. 15, 1866. 
W. Walters Dnnlap, born September 1, 1868. 
Susan H. Dunlap, born March 12, 1871. 
Lawrence A. Dunlap, born February 5, 1873. 
Thomas G. Dunlap, born October 24, 1875. 
John T. Dunlap, born February 11, 1877. 
Charles L. Dunlap, born September 20, 1880. 

(22) 



(icoi-oiiia Diinlji]) iiuin-icd Fred lloiiiann JMjii-ch (i, 1884. 
To them were born : 

.Jennie E. Tloniaini, horn Ani^nst -S, 1889. 
llattie M. IJoniaini, horn Septeniher 2G, 18!)1. 
Edgar E. Iloinann, horn Septeniher 29, 189;J. 
Amand Ilomann, hoi-n March 8, 1895. 
Wm. M. Ilomann, hoi-n April 22, 189f). 

James Ellsworth Dunlap married Casandra Whitehead.- 
April 3, 1890. They live at Shumway, III. 



JOHN P. STENTZ. 

■ John P. Stentz, son of Daniel and Elizaljeth (Bowmiin) 
Stent/., w;is horn in Fayette county, Pennsylvania, January 
6, 1804. He married Clarissa Clear, April 5, 1827. She was 
born October 22, 1808. They located in Ashland county, 
Ohio. 

John P. Stentz died January . . . . , 1874, aged 70 years. 

Clarissa Stentz died July 4, 1891. 

The names of their children and the dates of their births 
are as follows : 

Alexander Clear, born March, 1828, died March 24, 1854. 
Daniel Stentz, born November 2, 1829, died December 13, 

1830. 
Elizabeth J., born October 3, 1831. 
Alfred Arlington, born January 9, 1834. 
Edwin D., born February 10, 1836. 
Mary E., born December 16, 1837. 

Katherine Anna, born May 30, 1840, died August 12, 1841. 
Sarah Ann, born September 2, 1848. 

Alexander C. Stentz, son of John P. and Clarissa Stentz, 
married IMartha Davis. She was born IMay 1, 1826. 

Martha Stentz died February...., 1854. 

Their only child was : 
John Clear Stentz, born July 24, 1850. 

John Clear Stentz married Alice E. Hanks. 

They had one daughter, Clarissa Stentz, who mnrried 
Warren E. Armour, January 1, 1896. They live at Ot- 
tumwa, Iowa. 

Elizabeth Stentz, daughter of John P. and Clarissa 
Stentz, married William' A. lilaek, October 2, 1856. They 
live at Grimes, Iowa. Their children are : 
James A., born July 1, 1857. 
John P., born December 28, 1860. 
Robert T., born October 28, 1862. 
Mary C, born October 18, 1868. 
Joseph G., born January 26, 1872. 

James A. Black married Anna Taylor March 27, 1883. 
Their home is at Grimes, Iowa. Their children are: 
Newton P., born December 29, 1884. 
Bessie I., born April 8, 1890. 
Robert T., born August 8, 1891. 

(24) 



Mary C. Black mai-ricd I'n)s|)ci- II. Sinilli Mareli 14, 1888. 
Tlu'v live at (iriiucs, Iowa. They have two children: 
Harry Smith, born -January 17, 18i)0. 
Ruth E. Smith, born Auiiust , 1893. 

Joseph (t. Black married Alta C. Tomlinson'March 3, 
18i)7. Their ])ost()ffice address is Des Moines, Iowa. 

The address of John P. and Robert T. (Sr.) is' Grimes, 
Iowa. 

Alfred A. Stentz, son of John P. and Chirissa Stentz, 
married Maggie Pollock March 27, 1860. She was born in 
County Down, Ireland, I\lay 31, 1842. They live at Knox- 
ville, Iowa. Their children are: 
Lee Stentz, born August 13, 1861. 
Lena Stentz, ])orn Aiiril 13, 1868. 
Jennie Stentz, born Novem])er 11, 1877. 
Ralph Stentz, born April 2, 1879. 

Lee Stentz married Maggie Ray, November 11, 1888. 
They live at Ottumwa, Iowa. Their children are: 
Ralph Ray Stentz, born August 29, 1889. 
Joseph Arlington Stentz, l)orn February 26, 1891. 
Robert Lee Stentz, born August 16, 1894. 

Lena Stentz married Frank Reichard February 18, 1892. 
They live at Flaglar, Iowa. Their children are : 
Georgia Allien Reichard, born September. . . ., 1893. 
Howard Edison Reichard, born April 29, 1895. 

Jennie Stentz married Wesley T. Dickerson, December 1, 
1897. They live at Knoxville, Iowa. 

Edwin D. Stentz, son of John P. and Clarissa Stentz, mar- 
ried Katherine Richards, Deceml)er 30, 1866. She was born 
Feb. 7, 1836. They live at Nankin, Ashland county, Ohio. 
They have one daughter : 
Mninie M. Stentz, born July 10, 1871. 

JMary E. Stentz, daughter of John P. and Clarissa Stentz, 
married J. Hiram Bowman March 6, 1860. He was the son 
of John Nicholas Bowman. Their home is in Salem, Ohio. 
Their children are : 

Clara A. Bowman, l)orn August 14, 1861. 
Carl C. Bowman, born Sept. 1, 1865. 

Clara A. Bowman married Elzy Payne April 30, 1885. 
They live at Ashley, Ohio. Their children are : 
Walter W. Payne, born June 29, 1886. 
Madge A. Payne, born July 16, 1888. 
Ruth M. Payne, born March 17, 1894. 
Ralph N. Payne, born I\Iarch 17, 1894. 

Carl C. Bownmn nuirried ]\Iaud ]\I. IManville, September 
23, 1886. They live at New Castle, Pa. Their children are : 
Flora B. Bowman, born April 26, 1888. 

(25) 



Edwin D. Bowman, born November 17, 1890. 

Snrah Ann Stentz, danghter of John P. and Clarissa 
Stentz, married James M. Sloan, September 28, 1867. He 
was born April 17, 1843, thej^ live at Knoxville, Iowa. Their 
children are : 

Ralph Sloan, born July 20, 1867. 
J. William Sloan, born December 23, 1869. 



PETER STENTZ. ~ 

'^ 

Peter Stentz, son of Daniel and Eliz.ilx'lh P>()\viti;iii Rtentz, 
was born in Favette connty, Pennsylviuiia, November 14, 
1807. ■ ' • " 

Peter Stentz and Mary Ranshaw were married January 
8, 1829. Mary Ranshaw" was born -January 80, 1808. Peter 
StetitK and his wife located in Ashland county, Ohio. 
Peter Stentz died February 22, 1880, a^ed 78 years. Mary 
Stentz died November 21, 1893, aged 85 years. The names 
and dates of bii-tli of their children are as follows: 
James F., born February 8, 1830. 
Elizabeth A., born December 8, 1831. 
Daniel XL, born October 23, 1833. 
Mary A., born November 4, 1835. 
5<JVIartha J., born November 8, 1837. 
Samuel C, born January 12, 1840. 
Catherine D., born October 31, 1842. 
Sarah L., born February 27, 1846. 
Albert A., born December 28, 1848. 

James F. Stentz, son of Peter and Mary Stentz, marri'.'d 
Mary J. Krebbs, September 21, 1850. Mary Krebbs was born 
September 5, 1835. The following- are the names and dates 
of birth of their children : 
Patty Gertrude, born October 13, 1853, died January 23, 

1857. 
Albert C, born December 18, 1856. 
Daniel L., born December 21, 1858. 
Charles W., born October 3, 1861. 
Sylvia, born June 3, 1864. 
Nellie R., born November 22, 1857. 

Albert C. Stentz married Mary Stout December 23, 1880. 
She was born November 18, 1857. They have two children : 
Earl Stentz, born February 11, 1882. 
Ethel, born February 26, 1886. 

Daniel L. Stentz married Florence Evans, June 22, 1891 
Florence Evans was born November 12, 1865, and died. . . ., 
1902. Thev had one child: 
Mildred Annetta, born May 25, 1902, died August 19, 1902 

Charles W. Stentz m.irried Fannie Fast, November 2, 
1882, She was born November 24, 1862. They live at Lodi, 
Ohio. Their children are : 

(27) 



Pearl E., l)()rn July 25, 1883. 
Lee Owen, l)(>rn December 1, 1885. 
Vina, born October 29, 1888. 
Verd, born June 12, 1892. 

Nellie R. Stentz, daughter of James and ^lary 8tentz, 
married Fred Oaks, November 25, .1891. Fred Oaks was 
born :\Iay 15, 1861. They live at Nova, Ohio. 

Elizabeth A. Stentz, daughter of Peter and IMary Stentz, 
married Enos Colling wood, March 19, 1850. Enos Colling- 
wood was born November 19, 1827. Died March, 7, 1878. 
The names of their children are : 
Eliza J., born May 6, 1852. 
Mary, born May 11, 1855. 
Charlie, born July 8, 1857. 
Lewis B., born October 6, 1859. 

Eliza J. Collingwood married Benjamine Stiles December 

21, 1871. Benjamine fStiles was born December 19, 185(J. 
Their children are: 

Lewis, born October 16, 1874. 
Mary L., born March 29, 1879. 

Mary CollingAVood married William Balintine November 

22, 1887. Their children are : 
Jessie. 

Mary. 

Charles Collingwood married Rose A. Latterman July 11, 
1886. She was born September 8, 1861. They have one 
son : • 

Sanford W., b<n-n September 21, 1893. 

Lewis B. Collingwood married ]\Iable Burns February 15, 
1882. They live at Olean, 0. Their children are: 
Lewis Gny, born April 16, 1885. 
Wm. II., born April 29, 1890. 

Daniel K. Stentz, son of Peter and Mary Stentz, married 
Susan Smith ]March 19, 1850. Susan Smith, was born March 
8, 1836. The names of their children are : 
Addison, born September 26, 1858. 
Ira, born February 16, 1862. 
Lewis, born September 14, 1864. 
Carrie A., born June 10, 1876. 

Ira Stentz married Clara Wiks January 27, 1887. She 
was born November 6, 1864. Their postoftice address is 
Nova, Ohio. They have one son : 
Joseph Stentz, born INIarch 12, 1889. 

Lewis Stentz married Loraine Rathertt August 30, 1894; 
She was born April 3, 1866. They live at Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Mary A. Stentz, daughter of Peter and Mary Stentz, mar- 
ried Isaac Coleman. They have five children, namely : 

(28) 



Arabella, born IMareh 3, 1857. 

Samantha J., born November 4, 1859. 

Eva, born fFanuary 10, ISiVA, died Sei)teniber 28, ISf);'). 

Rmma HIancli, l)()rn fJnly 5, 1875, died A|>i-il i;{. 188(i. 

Arabelle Coleman married W. O. liull'inan, May 25, 1875. 
He was born Anj^iist 10, 1853. Their eliildren iire : 
Lucie Blanch, born October 25, 1876. 
Charles Lloyd, born March 25, 1877. 

Lucie Blanch Coleman married C. D. Cromwell October 
26, 1897. He was born March 11, 1877.. 

Samantha J. Coleman married Rev. James Keys. Their 
children are : 

Earl Warren, born November 11, 1882. 
Lela Mary, born October 14, 1884. 

Charlie C. Coleman married Rose E. Park August 8, 1896. 
They live at Savannah, Ohio. They have one son : 
E. Owen, born January 11, 1898. 

[artha J. Stentz, daughter of Peter and iMary Stentz, 
married Joseph Smith, October 6, 1859. They live at Nova, 
Ashland county, Ohio. Their children are : 
Henry, born December, 1866, died August 14, 1873. 
,^Wilber, born February 1, 1872, died June 20, 1872. 



T^M 1^(pI -^=' Charlie Smith married Lola B. Jacoby August 28, VSi-ir 

They have one daughter : 
^^ ^. — »- -Reah Lola, born August 7, 1890. 

Catherine D. Stentz, daughter of Peter and Mary Stentz, 
married William Patterson Riddle December 10, 1861. He 
was born October 31, 1834. They live at Ashland, Ohio. 
Their children are : 
Orwell C, born March 25, 1863. 
Emma, born August 7, 1866. 
Norman V., born November 24, 1867. • 

Orwell C. Riddle married Henrietta Nicholin, September 
23, 1898. She was born November 12, 1866. 

Emma Riddle married F. R. Plank October 27, 1887. He 
was born May 5, 1858. Their children are : 
Harry 0., born September 9, 1888. 
Maud E., born July 5, 1890. 
Clarance, born February 12, 1893. 
Arle W., born December 16, 1895. 
Laurena M., born June 28, 1897. 

Albert A. Stentz, son of Peter and Mary Stentz, married 
Elizabeth Omwig December 7, 1876. She Avas born March 
11, 1857. They live at Cleveland, Ohio. Their children 
are : 

Florence Loretta, born December 15, 1882. 
Jessie Ardella, born September 15, 1882. 
Etta May, born September 1, 1887. 



^\ 



MARY R. (STENTZ) MUSGROVE. 

Mary R. Steiitz, daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth (Bow- 
man) Stentz, was born ]\Iarch 24, 1817. 

Mary R. Stentz married James MusjiTove. 

Mary R. Mnsi^rove died August 21, 1873. 

The names of their children are: 
Elizabeth IMusyrove, born March 17, 1850. 

Daniel S. Musgrove, born 

John B. Mus<>r()ve, born 

Sarah E. Mnsj^rove, born January 21, 1858. 
James A. IMusgrove, born January 21, 1858. 
Henry IM. IMusgrove, born , 1860, 

Elizabeth Mussrove married Christian K. Strmer, Septem- 
ber 1!), 18 76. They live at Scottdale, Pa. The names of 
their children are : 

^Minnie IM. Stoner, born August 6, 1878. 
Adrlie 0. Stoner, born December 26, 1880. 
Annie S. Stoner, born IMarch 6, 1883. 
Jesse E. Stoner, born IMarch 26, 1885. 
Harry M. Stoner, born August 7, 1887. 
Leslie J. Stoner, born January 18, 1890. 
Josie E. Stoiler, born July 5, 1893. . • 

IMinnie M. Stoner married David Nez;- September 27, 
1897. They live at Scottdale, Pa. 

Sarah E. IMusgrove married Jacob Shoaf May 20, 1871. 
Jacob -Shoaf was born January 9, 184-7. Their home is at 
Fairchance, Pa. The names of their children are: 
Dora E. Shoaf, born May 6, 1872. 
Rebecca I\l. Shoaf, born August 19, 1874. 
Rosa Shoaf, born Julv 30, 1877. 
Olive Shoaf, born April 27, 1880. 
Owen Shoaf, born February 9, 1882. 

Earl J. Shoaf, born Mav 3^ 1884. ' :;: 

Edith P. Shoaf, born May 20, 1886. 
Katherine Shoaf, born IMay 14, 1888. .i-. 

Dora E. Shoaf married Sylvester Wilson January . 21, 
1896. They have one child (name not given) born January 
16, 1897. 

Rebecca M. Shoaf married William Priece December 27, 
1892. They live at Fairchance, Pa. Their children are : 
William R. Priece, born June 22, 1893. 

(30) 



Sarah K. Prioeo, boi-ii -July 11, 1895. 

Rosa Shoaf nian-iod Willinm Alx-I .Jmic 1), 1893. He was 

born March 25, 1875. Their home is at Pairehance, Pa. The 

names of theii- eliildi-en are: 

Bertha IMay Al)el, born January 11, 1894. 

Edj^'ar Daily Abel, born January 15, 1897. 

James A. Musfj:rove, son of Mary R. (Stent/) and James 

Musi^rove, iiKU'i'ied Lydia Aim Shaft'ei- -January 8, 1876. 

They live at Seottdale, Pa. Their children are: 

Infant (deceased), born February 28, 1879. 

Raymond A. Musgrove, born -January 6, 1881. 

Ethel M. Musiirove, born October 11, 1882. 

Charles Mus^rove, born July 18, 1886. 

Donley S. IMus^rove, born September 13, 1888, died Septem- 
ber 13, 188§. 
Henry M. Musi^rove, son of ]\Iary R. (Stentz) and James 

Musgrove, married Elizabeth Eichloy July 13, 1882. Their 

home is at Homestead, Pa. They have one daughter : 

Lizie May Musgrove. 



JESSE E. STENTZ. 

J^sse E. vStentz, son of Daniel and Elizabeth (Bowman) 
Stentz, was born November 16, 182(). 

Jesse E. Stentz married Lydia Conn October 3, 1844. 
Lydia Conn was born August 1, 1826. 

They located in Fayette county, Pennsylvania, where they 
remained. 

Jesse 'E. Stentz died September 3, 1896. The following 
are the names of their children : ^ 

Sarah E. Stentz, born July 18, 1845. 
John D. Stentz, bt)rn November 4, 1848. 
Annie C' Stentz, born Januarv 24, 1851. 
Wm. J. Stentz, born INIarch 20,' 1853. 
Mary J. Stentz, l)orn ]\rarch 10, 1855. 
Alvin J. Stentz, born I\Iarch 24, 1850. 
Ollie M. Stentz, born August 31, 1863. 

Sarah E. Stentz, daughter of Jesse and Lydia Stentz, 
married Jos(^ph (i. Burchinal January 7, 1869. He was born 
December 15, 1831. They live near Gans, Fayette county, 
Pa. Their children are : 
Joseph G. Burchinal, died April 80, 1897. 
Loura Birchinal, born October 31, 1869. 
Howard M. liui'chinal, born July 27, 1872. 
Ada O. Burchinal, born October 9, 1874. 
William Burchinal, born March 10, 1877. 

Laura Burchinal married Eli Rider December 29, 1887. 
Eli Rider was born March 10, 1862. Their address is ]\Iorris 
Roads, Pa. The names of their children are : 
Maud M. Rider, born ]\Iay 14, 1889. 
Carl B. Rider, born March 2, 1891. 
Gray S. Rider, born April 17, 1893. 
Howard W. Rider, born April 30, 1895. 
Joseph G. Rider, born February 15, 1897. 

Howard M. Burchinal married Tjinna Higinbotham Jan- 
uary. 1, 1896. She was born July, 1876. They live at Gans, 
Pa. They have one daughter: 
Mildred Burchinal, born February 11, 1898. 

Ada 0. Birchinal married Wm. Ilnmbert September 19, 
1895. He was born April 21, 1868. Their address is Gans, 
Pa. Thev have one son : 
Hugh Humbert, born May 16, 1897. 

(32) 



John D. Stoiitz, son of -Jesse E. .uid livdia Stent/, died 
October 17, 188;"), ;i<>ed S7 years. 

Wni. J. Stent/, son of Jesse E. and Lydia Stent/, married 
Maria Crow Septendjer Ki, 1875. JNIaria Crow was 1)oim 
November 4, 1854. Their home was at Cans, Pa. 

William .1. Stent/, died September 28, 18i)(). 

Their children are : 
Frank W. Stent/, born June 24, 1876. 
Jesse E. Stent/, born February 7, 1878. 
Elrov C. Stent/, born .March 26, 1881, died April 12, 1881. 
Eddie Stent/, .born April 27, 1882. 
Olive P. Stent/, born April 23, 1887. 

Alvin J. Stent/, son of Jesse E. and Lydia Stent/, nuir- 
ried Estella Lyons January 5, 1882. She was born October 
4, 1860. They live at Cans, Pa. Their children are: 
Jennie L. Stent/, born November 20, 1882. 
John Llovd Stent/, born April 30, 1884. 
Rav A. Stent/, born ]\Iarch 10, 1886. 
Rosa A. Stent/, born November 2, 1888. 
Margaret Stent/, born August 5, 1893. 
Leo Stent/, born ]\Iay 3, 1898. 
Lola Stent/, born IVIay 3, 1898. . 

Ollie M. Stent/, daughter of Jesse E. and Lydia Stent/, 
married Philii) Lyons December 6, 1883. He was borji 
February 26, 1859", Cans, Pa. The names of their children 
are : • 

Jessie Lula Lyons, born Angust 24, 1885. 
Wm. Ilodge Lyons, born June 8, 1888. 
Ray Evans Lyons, born October 26, 1890. 
Fred Charles Lyons, born March 12, 1893. 
Gladys A. Lvons, born :\Iareh 19, 1898. 



SARAH ANN (STENTZ) MORGAN. 

Sarah Ann Stentz, youngest (lau<iliter of Daniel and 
Elizabeth Stentz was born November 16, 1824. 

Sarah Ann Stentz married William L. IMorsan , 

1848. AVilliam IMorgan was born March 19, 1821. Their 
home was near Gans, Pa. 

Sarah Ann IMoriian died October 18, 1870. 

William L. Morgan died November 11, 1876. 

The names of their children were : 
John iMorgan, born January 18, 1849. 
Daniel .Morgan, born October 24, 1850. 
Thomas Jefferson Morgan, born Jiilv 24, 1853, died October 

19, 1864. 

John Morgan married Emma V. Johns June 21, 1877. 
Emma V. Johns was born September 5, 1853. They live at 
Gans, Pa. The names of their children are: 
Daisy B. Morgan, born April 11, 1879. 
Jessie L. Morgan, born October 2, 1881. 
Wm. H. ]\Iorgan, born October 4, 1884. 
Ray F. Morgan, born August 24, 1893. 

Daniel IMorgan, son of Sarah A. (Stentz) and William L. 
IMorgan, married Ella C. Lyons December 25, 1878. She was 
born November 8, 1854, and died April 10, 1896. The fam- 
ily Hved at Gans, Pa. Their children were : 
Alice Morgan, born October 28, 1879. 
Ettie Morgan, born July 23, 1881. 
William Howard Morgan, born July 16, 1883. 
Thomas Lyons IMorgan, born September 29, 1885. 
Daniel Stentz Morgan, born June 8, 1890. 
George Neff Morgan, born March 29, 1896. 




Hon. John Jacob Bowman 



IT. 

HON. JOHN JACOB BOWMAN. 

John Jacob Bowman, eldest son of Philip Casper and 
Katy Bowman, was born at Redstone, Pennsylvania, the 2Hd 
of November, 1779. In his youth he received a i^ood educa- 
tion. He was tan^iht to read and write both the English and 
German languages, which in after years became of great use 
to him. When a young man he learned the trade of wheel- 
wright. 

The 31st of October, 1808, John Jacob Bowman married 
Charlotte, the sixteen-year-old daughter of the Rev. John 
Stough and his wife Elizabeth, who was the daughter of 
Conrad Ilogmire of Ilagerstown, Maryland. 

Charlotte Stough was born December 2, 1787. 

In the spring of 1806 John J. liowman, with his wife and 
one son, Jonas, came to Ohio and located on section eight. 
Center township, Columbiana comity. He first purchased a 
farm of fifty acres. This was afterwards added to. at dif- 
ferent times. The land was then all a wilderness, which 
took years of toil and hardship to clear. In the northern 
portion there was a beaver dam, traces of which may yet be 
seen. There were also cranberry swamps on the farm. 
On account of rattle snakes the berries were secured by 
hand-rakes. So bold were these venomous reptiles that, 
while working corn, a horse called "Fox" was bitten by a 
large yellow rattle snake. But now the cranberries and 
rattle snakes both have disappeared. 

John J. Bowman, soon after locating in his new home, 
became identifietl with the public affairs of Columbiana 
county. He was one of the rank-and-file of Captain William 
McLaughlin's company of the First Regiment, Second Brig- 
ade, Fourth Division of the Ohio IMilitia, which was organ- 
ized May 8, 1806, and he took part in the regular musters 
of that organization for many years. 

With rifle and powder-horn, and knapsack made by his 
wife, he entered the war of 1812 but did not see active ser- 
vice. 

He was one of the first Justices of the Peace of Center 
township. His knowledge of the German language fitted 
him for the dutif^s of this office which at that time consisted 

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ill writiiiii' (U'cds Tor hiiid, and other Iciial pajxTs, lor the 
early settlers were mostly (Jeriiian. lie held this office for 
several years. 

In 1809 he was elected one of the Coniiiiissioners of Col- 
umbiana county, lie i-etained this office until 181G. 

Under the system of President and Associate .Judges of 
the Circuit Court, aceordinii' to the first constitution of the 
state, Joliii J. Howuiaii held the position of Associate Judge 
of the Third Circuit from 1817 to 1888, or for twenty-one 
.years, which is the longest term ever held by a judge in the 
co^^nty. He only retired from this honorable office to ac- 
cept the nomination of the Whig party, of which he was a 
staunch advocate, for the office of State Senator for the 
district including Columbiana and Carroll counties. The 
hitherto over-whelming Democratic majorities were largely 
reduced, though he failed of election. 

In 1840 John J. Howman was a candidate for ^Member of 
the United States House of Representatives of the Seven- 
teenth district. He received the largest number of votes 
ever cast for a Whig candidate in the county, but he was 
again defeated. His opponent was John Hastings. Tlii:^ 
closed his political career. 

In his private life "Judge" Bowman, as lie came to be 
called after his long and faithful service on the bench, was 
not less active than in public affairs. He was a man of great 
intelligence for one of his time. He was trulv a self-made 
man. He was a student all his life. He had a great many 
books and was a great reader. He was well posted on many 
scientific subjects, especially in mathenuitics. 

He was a quiet man, and never spoke unless he had some- 
thing of importance to say. In all his habits he was very 
precise. He never wasted any time. Idleness to him was 
disgusting. 

Once he was at the liome of his son Sainuel during corn 
planting. After watching the planters a few minutes the 
Judge removed his silk hat, filled it with seed corn and 
joining the planters proceetled to drop corn himself. Being 
accustomed to administer justice with a liberal hand, he 
deposited far too many grains of corn in one hill. This 
would not do. So he was finally persuaded to abandon his 
voluntary services as a corn planter. This instance, how- 
ever, shows his industrious spirit. 

He never smoked or chewed tobacco, and it is said, never 
had an occasion to spit. 

Aside from working at his trade of wheel-wright at odd 
times, he turned his attention to many other pursuits. He 
understood surveying, which was in great demand among 

(37) 



the early settlers. Travelinsr on horseback, with his in- 
struments strapped obout him, he often rode east as far as 
the Ohio River and north into Trumbull county. A saddle 
horse much ridden on these expeditions was a roan one 
called "Fly." 

He assisted Sanford C. Hill of East Liverpool in makiui!: 
calculations for almanacs for many years. IMr. Hill was an 
authority on mathematical and astronomical subjects. He 
and "Jud<'e" Bowman were personal friends and often 
met, sometimes in East Liverpool and sometimes at the 
Bowman home, for the discussion of scientific subjects. 

He constructed sun dials, both of the kind placetl upon a 
post and also those put npon the sides of Iniildings. 

By habits of energy, industry and frnp'ality he acquired a 
considerable income, most of which he invested in land, 
so that his little farm of fifty acres ^tcw to one of 529 acres, 
nearly all of which was cleared. In 1816 the brick house 
was built, in which he lived nearly fifty years. The house is 
still a substantial structure. 

Thoujih he was a successful manag-er of his farm, a 
peculiar characteristic was his aversion to swine. He would 
not allow a hog to be kept on his place. 

About 1827 a tannery was built on his farm, and operated 
by his son John, who had learned the trade of tanner at 
Canton, Ohio. This tannery was sold to William Filson in 
1838. 

In 1832 a saw mill was built near the tannery, using the 
water of Cold Run for power. The work of sawing was 
done chiefly by his sons, who were then young men. 

John J. Bowman was also a musician. He understood 

the theory of "Buckwheat" notes, and played the violin 

and bass viol. He constructed several violins and a bass 

y[i}] himse/f. Indeed 'fhere \were few things that his 

mechanical genius could not master. 

John J. Pxtwman, Rev. John Stough, John Mas(m and 
George Rudisill at a very early date put uj) a, log building 
for school puri)oses on the south side of the state road near 
the present location of the buildings on the Rudisill farm. 
In the absence of a suitable teacher, John J. Bowman him- 
self taught school one winter. 

Judge liowman was a benevolent and devout christian. 
He donated the land for Mount Zion Evangelical Lutheran 
church and cemetery. With his own hands he made an 
altar for the church. He was a friithful attendant at all 
the church services. His wife, who led the singing, possess- 
ed a fine voice. 

The character of John J. Bowman was certainly a re- 

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markable one. TTc lived ;i{ a time and amidst surroundings 
str()n<>ly adverse to the development of mental pursiiits. 
He had few intelleetu;d ;issoei;ites to inspii-e him. TTis 
wisdom was self inspii-ed. 

To develop the highest dei^ree of inent.-il i)ower out of 
6ne's limited resources is a true test of character. Me;isni-- 
ed by this test, John Jacob liowman won for himself the 
deservedly hi^h phu'.e he occupies as an intellectual, j)i()neer 
christian gentlenum. 

John Jacob Bowman died September 0, ISCA, at the 
venerable age of four score nnd five, and w;is buried at 
Mount Zion cemetery. 

Charlotte Stoug^h Bowman, his wife, died the ir)th of 
June, 1847, ag-ed al)out sixty years, and was buried in the 
same cemetery. 

John Jacob and Charlotte Bowman had five sons and one 
daughter. Their names are : 
Jonas, born November 17, 1804, died March 8, 1869, aged 

65 years. 
Elizabeth, born January 27, 1808, died September 8, 1872, 
aged 64 years. 

John, born May 3, 1810, died June 12, 1885, aged 75 years. 
Philip, born February 4, 1817, died January 19, 1890, aged 

73 years. 
Samuel, born February 4, 1817, died January 28, 1897, aged 

80 years. 
Joshu'a, born June 21, 1820, died May 20, 1893, aged 73 

years. 




Home of John J. Bowman, Built 1816. 




Rev. John Stough 



THE REVEREND JOHN STOUGH. 

"A Pious Ancestry is a Rich Inheritance." 

Rev. Joliii Ston^h was born in Dauphin township, York 
county, Pennsylvania, January 2r)th, 17G2. He was the son 
of Godfrey Stoujjh and his second wife Charlotte. 

Godfrey Stou^^h (Gottfried Stauf) was a native of 
Wurtembnrs', Germany, and he was born in 1724. 
He and his first wife eniisTated to America about 
1752. ■ Upon their arrival in Philadelphia they were 
unable to discharge the claim of the shipmaster for their 
transportation. Under a contract with the captain they 
were sold for a term of three years service. Soon after 
entering upon their term of service the wife of Godfrey 
Stough died. (Some of the records say that Godfrey Stough 
served six years. Perhaps upon the death of his wife he 
was re<piired to serve her unexpired term as well as his 
own.) There is no record of any children of this first mar- 
riage. 

After serving his term of indenture, Godfrey Stongh, 
December 25th, 1754 (her birthday), married Charlotte 
Kessler, a refugee Princess from Hanover, Germany. Her 
father, an heir to royalty, was beheaded and the family 
compelled to flee from their native land in disguise in order 
to save their lives. The family finally came to America. 

The Princess Charlotte was a woman of strong physical 
and mental faculties. She was an expert and fearless horse- 
back rider. She was a devoted christian, and to her 
religious influence and faithful training the staunch charac- 
ter of her son, Rev. John Stough, is no doubt due. Godfrey 
Stough and bis wife, Charlotte, located in Dauphin town- 
ship, York county, Pennsylvania. Here they spent the re- 
mainder of their lives. 

The names of their children were : 
Mary. 
Elizabeth. 
John. 
George. 

Marj^ Stough married Adam Ettinger. Their children 
were : 
John. 
Adam. 

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Daniel. 
Jonns. 

Elizalx'tli Stoiiuh mnn-icd ;i Mi-, liici-lx.wcr. Their cliii- 
dron weiH' : 
Frederick. 
John. 
Jneol). 
l^etsy, wil'e of Elias Sinilli of Wiiyiie couiily, Ohio. 

John Stouii'h from his e.-irliesl childhood received Hiilh- 
i'ul reliii'ious instructions from his mothcM-. Wht-n ;i yoiiii^- 
m;in he showed a disposition to become a minister. lie w.ss 
sent to consult the family, pastor. Tlie minister discouraged 
the yonno- man's aspirations. Years after the minister 
regretted his mistake. When niiu'teeu years of a^e, John 
KStoutih C(^nducted a (ferman school with very poor faeilities 
for instruction. A))out ITS'J he heg'an an a{)prenticeship 
with a wag-on maker in Little York, Pennsylvania. In this 
he served four years. After completinii' his trade he went to 
ITao-(M\stown, Maryland, where he secured employment as a 
journeyman wa^ion maker with a JMr. Harry. 

John Stough married Elizabeth Ilotiinire, June 17, 1787. 
She was the tlau<ihter of Conrad Hog'mire (Hoouemyerj of 
Ilaii'erstown IMaryland. He was a surveyor of Washintiton 
county, Maryland. He was born inl74(). Was a ca|)tain 
in the Revolutionary war. The names of their children 
were : 
Samuel. 

Jonas (Surveyor). 
Henry. 
Conrad. 

Elizabeth, wife of Rev. John Stoutih. 
]\Iary, wife of Thomas Smith, merchant of iMartinsburi^-, 

Maryland, died in Washington county July 28, 1798. 

Immediately after the marriag'e of John Stout>h and 
Elizabeth Ilogmire they started, in company with anolhei" 
younfif couple, to find a new home in the frontier. They 
traveled in a wajjon and endured many hardships. They 
located in the "j^'lades of West Vir.oinia," in ]\Iononoalia 
county. At the time of settlinu' that part of West Vir<iinin, 
titles to land could he obtained by settlement upon the 
land. Conrad Hoiimire surveyed one thousand acres of land 
in this wilderness, and entered one hundred acres of it to 
his son-in-law. The land was afterwards aban(h)ne(I ufioii 
the death of Rev. Strough's wife. 

This was 160 miles east of Ilacjerstown and twenty miles 
from the nearest settlement. Here they lived about .six 
years. Their children, Charlotte. .Mary, Sanuiel and Snsiii 

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were hoi-ii ill I'lis wilderness. While in this setlleiiient 
John Stonyh (Mmdiu-ted pi-ayernu'etinj^s and read sermons 
to small <i'atheriniis of pioneers who were anxions for such 
opportunities for worship. In this way he gained nnudi ex- 
pei'ience whieh fitted him for his ministry in his after life. 

In 1798 Elizabeth Stoug'h, the wife of Rev. John Stoug'h, 
died. She was buried under an oal^ tree near their home. 
Beiny unable to care for the four young' children he pre- 
pared to ret u-u to Ilagerstown in March the same year. 
The children were placed upon a horse and the journey of 
160 miles began. On the way the children contracted small- 
pox. Their horse which had l)een traded for was claimed 
as stolen property. Kind friends cared for the children 
au<l another horse was bought with a collection taken for 
their benefit. Finally Hagerstown was reached and the chil- 
dren cared for by the Hogmire family. 

John Stough continued his preparations for the ministry 
nil 'er the direction of the Lutheran Synods, which he at- 
tended. After securing his first license he located in Fayette 
county, Pennsylvania. Here he occupied one hundr(Ml acres 
of land witli a house upon it that had been bought for 
church purposes by some Lutherans who wished to organize 
a congregation. So scarce was money at that time that it 
was necessary to ])orrow the money to pay for it, though 
the price was but four dollars in gold (a half Joe). Here 
Rev. Stongh began regular preaching. His field of labor in- 
cluded Salem, Morgantown, Redstone and farther west. He 
lived here three years and a half entirely alone. 

Rev. John Strough married Catherine Troutnnm jMav 21, 
1796. 

Catherine Troutman was the daughter of George and 
^Margaret Troutman. She was born JMarch 25, 1778, and 
died December 5, 1848, aged 75 years. 

George Troutnnm was ))orn 1746 and died February 2, 
1813, aged 73 years. 

His wife IMargaret was born 1753 and died Jannary 23, 
1825, aged 72 years. 

The following are the names of the children of George 
and IMargaret Troutman : 

]\Lxry, born January 11, 1771, died April 21, 1792. 
Catherine, born Rlaixdi 25, 1773, died December 5, 1818. 
Elizabeth, born October 7, 1775. 
Eve, born Decend^er 16, 1777. 
IMargaret, ])(^rn IMarch 5, 1780. 

Rachel, born August 23, 1782, died March 1, 1801. 
Barbara, born April 2, 1785. 
John, born December 1, 1787. 

(44) 



Georjtje, born Jannary .'51, 17!)(>, died .l;iiiii;ir\ 'JO, ISOl. 
Mary (2), l)()rii MarcJi 7, 17i)4. 

Sarah, born NovenilxM- 2(), 17i)7, died April 17, ISOl. 
Rachel (2), born I\Iarch 15, ISOl. 

After Rev. Stoii^h's sccoiiil m.iiTiaLi'c he contimicd prcach- 
inii" and orp-aiiizint;' chnrcdies in the coiiidics of Fayette and 
Washiniiton in Pennsylvania, and in ad.joiinni;' comities in 
West Vii'<iinia and Kentucky. When on tliese excursions 
he sometimes ro(h' sevei';d hundi'e(| mih's. Wheti on lliese 
trips he was often obliged to sleep in Uie open forest, with 
his saddle for a pillow, his blanket his oidy protection, and 
his iiorse tied to a s:i])linii'. lie attended all the meetin<i's of 
the Evangelical iiutlieran Synod, where he was examined as 
to his pro<i'ress in the ministry. Cfindidates for the ministry 
were re(piired to keep a journal of their ministerial work 
and present it at the meetings of Synod. The .journal of 
Rev. Stough was continued throuiihout his life, and the 
greater part of it translated fi-om the (Jerman l)y his son, 
Dr. Samuel Stouii'h. 

Finally, Rev. Stou»ih was ordained as a regular minister. 
He was the first Lutheran minister to cross the Allegheny 
monntains. His zeal and enthusiasm inspired him to plant 
the banner of the church into the very verge of the western 
settlements. 

Upon the establishment of a Territorial Government the 
•Ohio Territory was (juickly settled, mostly by (Jermans from 
Pennsylvania. Rev. Stough was not long in visiting these 
new settlements and carrying on his missionary wark among 
them. When on these trips he always found a warm welcome. 

From his home in Pennsylvania Rev. Stough made many 
trips on horseback to the German settlements in Colum- 
biana county. Rev. Stough 's first appearance as a mis- 
sionary in Ohio of which there is any record, was in the 
latter part of 1802, when he held preaching services at Uil^ 
cabin of Adam Rupert, a veteran of the Revolutionary war. 
He lived in Unity township, C'ohnnbiana county, Ohio. A 
congregation was organized, and a log church built in ISO)? 
or 1804. It was called "Salem" or "Union" churcli. Rev. 
Stough had charge of this church about twenty years. 

A church was established at Poland, INIahoning connty, 
by Rev. Stongh at a very early date, but no records -.wr at 
hand. 

In 1808 Rev. Stongh appeared in Springfield township 
(now a part of IMahoning county). He organized a congre- 
gation there, and a log building was erected a year later on 
section 10, know^n as the Forney section. It was called the 
"Old Springfield Church." 

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Ill the r.'il! of 1806 Rev. John Stouiih and family moved 
ti) Ohio and located in Center township, Cohunbiana county. 
They traveled ovei'land thi-ou.uh the nnjji'oken forest, cutting 
a road through the brusli when necessary. (A company oi 
their neigld)ors from Pennsylvania came at the same time 
by water in a flat boat, landing at Georgetown at the moutli 
of Little Beaver.) The Stough's selected a site for their 
home on the east bank of C'old Run, in section eight, near 
the present location of Bowman's mill. They cleared a 
place for their home and in four days it was completed. It 
was a log cabin without any flue, wiiulows or other con- 
venience. They had no beds, so they constructed two out of 
timber. The first night they retired with what to them 
seemed great comfort, but awoke the next morning to find 
their beds, floor and everything covered with snow. For 
nearly a year the family had no beds, tables or chairs, ex- 
cept what they nuide out of forest timber. The son, Sanuiel, 
then a boy of sixteen, assisted in the work. A (juart of 
Appleseeds were brought with them from Fayette county. 
The ground was dug with a mattock and the seeds planted. 
The trees grew and bore fnut, and today, after a century 
has passed, some of the. t"ees are still standing. A more 
connnodious h'ome was afterward built. This house has 
long since been removed, but garden flowers still remain to 
mark the spot. A p'art of their home was moved near the 
tannery and was occupied by John Bowman, and with an 
addition was used as a building for C(xld Run Academy, 
and is still standing. 

A farm of 160 acres was purchased from Bazaleel Wells 
•ind Si rah, his wife, for which Rev. Stough paid .+480. This 
land afterward became the property of John Jacob Bow- 
man. 

Rev. Stough with great energy and perseverance con- 
tinue 1 the work of organizing churches after he located in 
Ohio. In his ministerial work he was associated witli Rev. 
John Rineiiart of Somerset, Jefferson comity. 

Together, on special occasions, they nuide the journey to 
the churches of their circuit in a carriage, which at that 
time was a vehicle rarely seen. Rev. Rinehart was a man 
of great dignity. 

November 18, 1806, Rev. John Stough was granted the 
first license to solemnize marriage contracts issued by the 
probate court in r^)lumbiana county. 

In 1808 Rev. Stough founded a church at the present 
location of North Lima, in Beaver township, now a part of 
Mahoning county. 

St. Jacob's church, three miles north of Lisbon, was or- 

(46) 



^aiii/A'd 1)\- Tu'v. -lohn Stoii^ii in ISlL*. A \oy; l»iiil(liii<^' \v;is 
first put up (HI ilic r.inii of Nicholas Bur^'er. The <;i-cives ol' 
this man and his coiisorl, both born in 1740, nvv in the cem- 
etery. In 1825 a brick building' was erected. In this church 
the floor was paved with brick, a gallery extending' around 
three sides of the room. This was occnpied by young men 
and boys during the services. The puli)it was placed liigh 
up upon one side of the wall. From this pulpit, the tall, 
robust figure of the venerable ministei', with a small, tightly- 
fitting cap npon his head, his long grey hair falling about 
his shoulders, was an inspiration long remembered. 

These churches and many others fonnded by Rev. Stough 
were firmly established and rapidly developed. The log 
strnctnres in dne time gave way to one of frame or brick, 
and all of those here mentioned are active organizations to- 
day. 

In all the ministerial work of Rev. Strongh he did not 
reqnire a salary. Money was never an object with him. 
To show his indifference for pecnniary reward for his ser- 
vices the following sketch is taken from Mack's History of 
Cohnnbiaiia County: "About 1806, Rev. John Stough, a 
German Lutheran minister, wandering with his family over 
the Allegheny mountains toward the far west, coming even- 
tually upon the Gei'man Lutheran settlement in the town- 
ships of Center and Hanover, in Columbiana county, he was 
engaged to preach to them and services were at once in- 
augurated and thereafter continued in the log cabins of the 
members of the faith. 

Rev. Stougli settled in Center township, and in 1813 he 
organized St. IMartin's German Lutheran Church. Shortly 
thereafter a log church was erected near the present site 
of the Trinity Reformed church in Hanover township. Rev. 
Stough preached several years without receiving any com- 
pensation, and when at last his congregation concluded that 
they ought to pay him for his preaching, they contributed 
about ^30 worth of grain, and estimated that it would pay 
him for a year's services. Tie was a farmer as well as a 
preacher, aiid because he could support himself otherwise 
he never worried himself about getting pay for preaching, 
satisfied to preach for the gratification it brought with oc- 
casional help from others he preached for his society until 
1829, when being enfeebled, he resigned his charge and 
moved farther west, where at his son's home he died at a 
ripe old age." 

The active ministerial career of Rev. Stough was now 
brought to a close, though the good he did endured many 
generations. 

(47) 



In the fall of 1820 he removed to Crawford county, near 
Rneyrns, Ohio, whciv he remained the rest of his life, 
preaehiny- now and then until 1840. 

At the meeting' of the Ohio Synod at Zanesville in 1832, 
the sons of Rev. Stouoh, Samuel and Jehu, endeavored to 
secure for their father an appro])riation for his services as 
a missionary amouL;' the pioneers of Western Pennsylvania 
and Eastern Ohio. His journal was offered as testimony to 
show the work he had done, aiul that he had received no 
compensation for it. The proposition was at first received 
with favor, but was finally refused. That the Synod should 
thus fail to show its appreciation of the labors of Rev. 
Stoug'h shows a lamentable lack of christian charity. After 
devotino' over fifty years of active service to the church, and 
adding to it more than twelve permanent org-anizations, en- 
during- untold hardships and privations, to deny him this 
comfort, when a little aid would have lu'ightened his de- 
clining years, and made him feel that the church that he 
had served so faithfully and gratnitously, looked kindly 
upon him, is an act of pathetic ingratitude hardly to be 
looked for from such an organization of christian ministers. 
This unfortunate affair caused much bitterness among the 
friends of Rev. Stough, and finally led to the division of the 
Evangelical Synod and the formation of a new one called 
the English Synod. 

Rev. John Stough died July 25, 1845, aged 83 years and 
six months. He and his wife, Catheriaie, were buried in a 
country cemetery five miles north of Bucyrus, Crawford 
county, Ohio. 

Catherine Stough, wife of Rev. John Stough, died Decem- 
ber 5, 18-18, aged 75 years. 

Rev. John Stough had fourteen children, thirteen of 
whom lived long and useful lives, two of the sons, Samuel 
and Jehu being physicians. 

The following are the names of the children ami the dates 
of their birth: 

Children of Rev. John Stough and his first wife, Elizabeth 
Ilogmire : 
Charlotte, born December 2, 1787, died June 15, 18-47, 

aged 60. 
Mary, born Februarv 15, 1789, died June 25, 1863, aged 74. 
Samuel, born May 20, 1790, died June 10, 1885, aged 95. 
Susan, born February 5, 1792, died , 1865, aged 73. 

These children were born in IMonongolia county. West 
Virginia. 

Children of Rev. John Stough and his second wife, 
Catherine Troutnuin : 

(48) 



Jesse, l)()ni Api-il 2, 17!)(i, died June (i, 17!)i), a^ed .'3. 

Jehn, born .liiiie .">, 17!)S, died November. . . ., 1877, ayed 79. 

Jonas, born J\lay 20, ISOO, dicMl June , ISSO, aj^ed 80. 

John (!., born Oetober 11, 1802, died I\Iareh:}, 1886, asvd 8:?. 
Eli/abeth, bm-n Julv 'M), 1804, died September 4, 187!J, ayed 

75. 
Catherine, born July 11, 1807, died March 22, 1880, aj,^ed 73. 
Maro'aret, I)orn Pebniarv 21, 1810, di(Ml , 1886, a^-ed 

76. 

George T., hovu ()('t.)l)er 8, 1814, died 

Jesse, born June 5, 1816, died Jnly 25, 1840, a^ed 24. 
Rachel, born Jannary 1!), 181!), died April 20, 18!)!), a^-ed 80. 

The daui;hters married as follows: 

Charlotte married John Jacob Bowman. 

Mary married JMartin Hester. 

INIaro-aret married Stephen Fuijat. 

Catherine nuirried Henry Minnick. 

Susan married Jonas II. Gierhart. 

Rachel married Christian Ilowenstein. 

Elizabeth married John Knhn. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE JOURNAL OF THE REVEREND 
JOHN STOUGH, TRANSLATED FROM THE GER- 
MAN BY HIS SON, DR. SAMUEL STOUGH. 

First Lutheran clergyman that we know of carrying the 
first Lutheran license across the Allegheny niountains. 

Translated from his diary and other authentic documents 
by his son, Dr. Samuel Stough, giving parentage, place of 
l)irth, early life, raising and connections. 

I was born of poor but pious parents. My father was born 
and raised in Wurtemberg, Germany, where he was cate- 
chised and confirmed in youth according to the common 
usage as they practiced it in the Lutheran church. 

He and his first Avife emigrated to the United States in 
A. D., 1752. On their arrival in Philadelphia they were un- 
able to discharge the ship master's claim for transporta- 
tion and were sold for three years, but his wife dying he 
married Charlotte, a refugee princess, after which they re- 
moved to Daui)hin township, York county, Pa., where I 
was born January 25th, 1762. 

My mother exercised strict, punctual and christian dis- 
cipline over her children. As soon as they could lisp a lan- 
guage she taught them maxims, pra>ers arul verses from the 
bible; many of which remain indelibly impressed upon my 
mind and conscience until this day of three score and ten. 

It was through this instruction that love and fear of God 
was in my soul, but too often I was overcome by the sinful- 
ness that was in my nature, and committed nuuiy sins which 
displeased the Almighty and made me tremble and blush for 
shame at the moral terpitude of my heart nnd life. 

In this state of mind I would retire and prostrate myself 
l)efore my offended Judge, plead in the language of another 
and say ; "Remember not the sins of my. youth and mj^ trans- 
gressions, according to Thy mercy, remember Thou me, for 
Thy goodness sake, Lord." This I did from my earliest 
recollection luitil I was eighteen years of age without any 
well grounded hope of salvation. 

In my thirteenth year I was catechised and confirmed in 
the Lutheran church, by Rev. Rouse, without any change of 
heart. This was, however, not because God does not own 
His child, and will own it as a manner of the awakening 

(50) 



.'iiul coiivcrsioii ol" .siniiiTs ; l)iit thniisiiiids Ikin'c done it, and 
do it \et, and reject tlic olVci-s ol' salvation, and reniain 
liardiMU'd in sin and contiiuic independent to their own des- 
truction. At every coniinnnion season for sixt\-t hi'ce years 
I have reiiewetl my vows to surrender my heart yet more 
and more to the love and service of Jesus Christ." 

In rather an unhappy manner I passed my life until I 
readied my nineteenth year. T saw jilainly then that my 
soul was not broui^ht fully untler the i)ower of Divine 
Love, for I determined to dwell in love, and would not rest 
until an abundant entrance should be ministered unto me 
in the kinii'dom of oui- Lord Jesus ('hiMst. T ti'ied to believe, 
for there is no hojjc except in the blessed promise of God's 
Holy Book, for it is said, "It is not of him that runneth but 
of God that showeth mercy." 

And auain it is said, "Not by mi^'ht, nor by power, but by 
Spirit saith the Lortl of Hosts." When I considered that I 
attended six holy communions and remained a poor uncon- 
verted sinner still, I exclaimed: "0, that I may be made 
whole next time I approach the table of the Lord." I had 
returned from the holy supper hitherto without any change 
of heart, but again I prayed on the evening of that day and 
God most powerful, blessed me, speaking too, by whom 1 
did not expect, and turned my darlxuess into light, by tilling 
my soul with joy unsi)eakable, and full of glory, I truly felt 
that : 

"]\Iy willing soul would stray 

In such a frame as this; 
And sit and sing itself away 
To the sweet realms of bliss." 

I felt that I had indeed gained a great victory over my 
conunon enemy, and in my sinful natur-e for twenty-four 
hours after my conversion there was nothing else but joy 
and rejoicing. Everything in and around me seemed to be 
changed as well as myself. 

I)ut, alas, in about two weeks my doubts and fears re- 
turned again, and I sank down into the deep, dark water-? 
of grief for several weeks, after which the Lord poured out 
his holy spirit upon me when I was plowing in the fields, and 
meditating on the scene of Calvary. Then light and joy 
returned and dwelt with me according to the promise. "I 
will dwell in them, and I will be their God, and they shall 
be my people; saith the Lord." 

Weeks passed; my mind was alternately clear and cloudy. 
During the year 1781 I engaged in teaching a connnoti 
German school with very limited facilities for advancing 
my scholars in their education. During this term a few of 

(51) 



the pious niemhcrs of the Lutheran ehiii'ch and othci-s com- 
menced a weekly prayermeetin^' which they h(^l(l in my 
school house and in other private places. I loved and at- 
tended this prayermeetinf? and in it I received my second 
call to preach the g'ospel. 

I was first called in my eighth year, a fact which Jiiay 
appear donhtful to many, but was nevertheless satisfactory 
enough to my mind. The feeling then was indeed rather 
indefinite, but nevertheless the thought took hold of my 
life that I must preach and "woe is me if I preach not the 
gospel." 

I thought I would make known my feelings to my parents 
then — I was in my nineteenth year — and if they thought 
proper to have me educated for the Gospel IMinistry, they 
were altogether willing and able to do so. (There was no 
school among the Germans at that time and place, only the 
common reading and writing, and the Germans did not 
know that an English education would be any benefit to 
them at that time, or in subsequent life in America. S. S. 
(Samuel Stough") 

When I made known my impressions to them I found 
-them perfectly willing, and they were also able at this time 
to assist me in the obtaining of an education, but they 
thought I had better counsel my pastor before engaging in 
such an im[)ortant work. Accordingly 1 went to see Rev. 
Goehring of Little York for advice (Goehring "was a stu- 
dent at 'Ilalle' in Germany and in point of talent and piety 
has hardlv had his equal in the Lutheran church in Amer- 
ica" (S. S.) 

After asking. me some questions he dismissed me from his 
study advising me to defer the matter for that time, and if 
it were God's will that I should be educated for the minis- 
try it would be done. Years after this conversation the 
same reverend gentleman deeply regretted that he did not 
sufficiently encourage me to qualify myself for the work ; 
l)ut it was then too late and it was evident that God had 
called me to the work of an Evangelist and ordained me a 
pioneer to cross the Allegheny mountains and sound the 
gospel trumpet in the wilderness of the west, where knowl- 
edge of the cross had never been. 

At the close of my school I became an indentured ap- 
prentice to the wagon maker's trade for four years in 
Little York, after which I journeyed or traveled. 

As a journeyman at Ilagerstown, and while working there 
with Mr. Harry, my employer, I became acquainted with 
Miss Elizabeth llogmire with whom I joined in, holy matri- 
mony in the summer of 1787. We started immediately after 

(52) 



our implials lo seek ;i Ikuiic in tlic Mississippi valley in 
company with another yoiiiiii- couple. Vov iii;iii\' days we 
journeyed on, surniountini;' many ohstaeles without any ac- 
cidents, l)ut we were [)unished for (U'secratinj^' the Holy 
Sabbath by travelini;'. On Saturday we i'ei(ieMd)ered the 
Sabbatli, but when i1 eame we did not reniend)er to keep it 
holy. Our aii'reeiuent on Saturday was to rest when Sabl)ath 
came, but on Saturthiy nitiht there fell a heavy rain and 
swelled the waters in these mountains to render them dan- 
g:erous to cross, ant! when Sabbath morning' eame we forgot 
our good resolutions made on Saturday and the end of the 
command "to keep it holy", and we counnenced to cross 
the savage creek on Sabl)ath morning after the rain Satur- 
day night. We plunged into it, my comrade got on the 
front horse and T on the saddle horse, our two women in the 
wagon. 

My comrade, Avhen the front horse began to swim, fell off 
and was lost in the current and no one to look after him; 
thus I Avas left with two women alone to shift with the 
judgment of God resting upon us, and yet not over the 
stream; but our lives and the lives of our horses were saved. 
On Monday morning we crossed it without difficulty. 

As we were breaking our way into the wilderness we did 
not find turnpikes and roads, bridges, canals, railroads and 
such facilities for traveling, but we had to take our com- 
pass and axe and cut our way in many places through 
thickets and around hills and rocks. 

Once after this, after we had settled in the forest, we 
labored diligently all the Sabbath day by boiling sugar 
Avater, thinking it right to boil it if God made it run on 
the Sabbath. 

When evening came we emptied the syrup into a trough 
and covered it with bark and retired for the night. During 
the night cattle came to our sugar camp and draidc up all 
the syrui> we had made on the Sabbath day, which killed 
some and sickened others; so we not only lost our labor but 
our cattle also. These two incidents effectually convinced 
us that no good could come from the violation of the law of 
God and especially from the desecration of the Sabbath by 
traveling and worldly labor, and never have I until this day 
tolerated in my family and churches Sunday traveling, 
visiting and working under any pretext whatever except in 
w^orks of necessity or mercy. We found a stopping place 
in the then so-called Virginia Glades, 160 miles from Ilagers- 
town, from whence we started, and twenty miles from any 
settlement, or any inhabitants that we knew of. The first 
year we lived there, there came some transient young men 

(53) 



and women to see us. We knew of no settlement nearer than 
twenty miles. The second year there came six families and 
youno' men. The woodsman's axe b(^pran to wake the echoes 
all around us as the forest fell. 

We here learned that the text, "It is not good for a man 
to be alone," signifies more thaiy man and wife. Our 
Hao-erstown fathers were mindful of our spiritual as well 
as our temporal destitution and havinj>' no living minister to 
send ns, they sent us a sermon book at their earliest oppor- 
tunity and earnestly entreated ns that we should assemble 
every Sabbath and praise Ood by singing j^nd prayer and 
sermons, which we did regulai'ly and with good effect. In 
our far off home people were as susceptible of moral and 
religious feelings even if they were not so accomplished in 
their manners as in the old settlement. 

A young man and woman once came to our house to be 
married. He was tall and straight with a tawny complexion 
and dark and restless eyes, barefooted and clad to a little 
below the knees with the skins of animals; he carricMl his 
gun upon his shoulder, shot pouch and jiowder horn at his 
side and his game in his left hand, and his bride closely 
following him, was also clad with the habiliments of the 
foresters. They had no weekly periodicals to publish the 
fashions of the day as sent to us from the city and foreign 
countries, to crack our brains and burst our empty purses. 
He with a manly countenance, and she with a mischevious 
smile upon her lips asked to be married. We told them we 
had no license, or legal authority to perform a marriage 
ceremony in the state of Virginia ; but we were a law unto 
ourselves, our conscience bearing witness and our thoughts 
accusing or else excusing one another. They said as there 
was no lu'eacher to be had, and as we read sermons, we 
could read the marruige ceremony also. We concluded after 
mature deliberation that we had better solemnize the nu])- 
tials. As I had been chosen to read sermons I prepared to 
marry them in backwoods style, without any license myself 
or asking them for any. 

Others came on the same business and I served them also, 
considering matrimony more a civil than a religious ordi- 
nance. I in(piired for advice from my friend Goehring, who 
directed me to attend and inquire from the civil court of the 
state. I attended a session of a court in West Virginia and 
obtained legal authority to solemnize matrimony. But now 
another difficulty more formidable than the first awaited 
us. It was the baptism of our children. I would always 
find some way to have my own baptized, but others thought 
it impossible for them. They wanted me to baptize them 

(54) 



but I declined. Tlicy nlso wanted the Lord's supper ad- 
ministered and wislied me to do it, l)ut I also declined to 
assume that ri^i'ht. We continued waitin^^ niid talking' from 
one Sabbath to another about spiritual lhin<is with those 
who wished to hear me, while others who did not want to 
hear, stayed awa\' from our prayer and si)eakin<^' meetiuf's. 
The duty of preaching' now became more dec^jily impr(\ssed 
on my miiul than ever before, and my brethi-en tliouj^ht and 
said that I must preach for them and others, l)ut how 1 
could now suii])ort a wife and four small children in the 
wnlderness, and study for the ministry was the dilemma. 
"Jonah tied to Tarsish" and I to the wilderness, "to suffer 
the lashes of a <i'uilty conscience," over wasted opportuni- 
ties for obtaining' mental training- that is indispensibly 
necessary for a proper exercise of the functions of the holy 
ministry. But I read "I will lead thee into the wilderness 
and there be merciful unto thee. " 

My thouo'hts continued. To me more and more "Woe is 
me if I preach not the liospel" was continually rinj^ins' in 
my mind by day and in my dreams by night. It nuide 
strange confusion of things. I dreamed that multitudes of 
of early settlers would throng the place and listen and 
tremble and weep at the recital of the story of the cross. 
Sometimes it seenu^d to me the learned and accomplished of 
the church would upbraid me for transcending my proper 
authority. A wife and four children in poverty at home, a 
mere pittance for my services in the church, the wretched 
condition around me, a smiling Savior with a glorious 
crown on high, and in such visions I spent my nights. 

After many prayers and much serious consideration, and 
in view of the blessed promise of God "That their place of 
refuge shall be the nuuiitions of rocks, bread shall be given 
them and their water shall be sure," I formed a fixed reso- 
lution by the grace of God to preach Jesus, and trust to 
God for good results, and this is one of the most important 
decisions I ever made. 

In a short time I was invited to Morgantown to commence 
my ministerial life. 

I went without any synodical authority, being called of 
God after the order of Melchisedc, and ministered to them 
once in four weeks. 

I was soon pressingly solicited to preach for a few Ger- 
mans in Fayette county. Pa., twenty miles further west and 
seventy miles from home. Thus the field continued to in- 
crease. 

The poor Germans hungered for the bread of life, the 
cry was continually "Come over and help us." Others 

(55) 



asked to have their children baptized and catechised. There 
were none to l)reak to their souls the bread of life, to point 
them in a dyinu' hour to the scene of Calvary and preach 
their funerals when they were dead. J\Iy heart sinks within 
me when I think of the wide spread destitution that has 
always existed in the Lutheran church in the west. 

At the close of a hard Sabbath day's labor I retired to 
rest ; in my sleep my thoughts wandered to my distant home. 
I dreamed that my wife and I had parted and were to live 
together no more on earth. I started for my home early 
next morning confident that something awaited me. I 
reached home that day, a distance of nu)re than fifty miles, 
and found all well,, but on Wednesday following death 
came to our* lowly cabin and removed my dear, affectionate 
wife to heaven. She suffered, but endured it patiently. In 
her last moments she gave her neighbors counsel and her 
little children a mother's dying blessing with her trembling 
hands resting upon their heads. To me, a long farewell, and 
said "I die happy" and immediately her spirit returned to 
God who gave it. 

We interred her remains in a small burying ground under 
a large oak tree in a lonely wood ; we placed sod on her 
grave, and while the winds were singing a requiem in the 
tops of the small pines, we returned to mourn her vacant 
seat at home and place of devotion. She went before us to 
heaven and we were blessed in her loss, for we were brought 
nearer that happy place by thinking of her. We had wan- 
dered hand in hand through the descents of life, rejoiced 
and mourned, hungered and thirsted together a few years, 
but God severed the tie that bound us and his will be done.. 
(Gott Helfe mer) Amen.. 

This heavy stroke of Divine Providence, very unexpected, 
called me from my ministering, to attend to the regular 
affairs of my family. 

I made arrangements as speedily as possible and return- 
ed to Hagerstown on IMarch, 1793, after spending six years 
in the wilderness. The summer was advancing and we were 
now, as it were, drawn forth from a paradise (for such my 
dear wife made our humble home) and exposed to all the 
ills of life. My poor little ones were taken sick with the 
smallpox, and the horse I rode was claimed by a tavern 
keeper in Hagerstown who pronounced it to be stolen pro- 
perty. I got him in Fayette county in exchange for rather 
an indifferent one that was not able to travel the long dis- 
tance I had to ride. 1 was now bereft, of ^y wife, deprived 
of my horse and my motherless children were homeless and 
sick, yet it was a sense of unspeakable happiness to feel that 

(56) 



we had done onr duty before God and man, and that there 
was still left ns in our desolation a merciful providence to 
guide us wheresoever we went. Nor was our humble con- 
fidence in the superintending care of heaven disappointed, 
for my old, and for twenty years my tried friend. Rev. 
Otterbein, founder of the United Brethren church, preached 
within eight miles of Ilagerstown and came once more with 
consoling words that cheered my gloomy condition and re- 
vived my failing spirit. He assured me that although God 
dAvells in darkness he works in light. His consolation en- 
couraged me and his unfeigned sympathy and prayers did 
me good. At the close of the religious service he made a 
public statement of my destitute condition and took a col- 
lection for my benefit, which amounted to a sufficiency to 
purchase me a horse. 

I then continued my journey to th city of Philadelphia to 
attend the meeting of the Pennsylvania Evangelical Lu- 
theran Synod which commenced May 27, 1793, and was ex- 
amined by that honorable body and found competent and 
received license as a catechist for one year. 

On my return home from the Synod I removed from 
Hagerstowu to German township, Fayette county. Pa. I 
occupied the glebe and house belonging to St. Jacob Hercha, 
a deed of this with something over 100 acres of land was 
obtained by the Lutherans for church purposes. They bor- 
rowed the purchase money from a man from Canada East 
(IMartin Mason) who had been providentially preserved 
from danger and death while on his way carrying provisions 
to his father who was a soldier in General Braddocks army 
at the time of its defeat at Fort Pitt in 1755. He was with 
the companies when, in their red uniforms with burnished 
arms and streaming banners, cheerful music, they were 
gaily marching through the forest when the enemy fell upon 
them. The Indian war whoop and destructive fire from 
every quarter proved fatal to our half of the squad. He 
was taken prisoner by the Indians and sold to a French 
general for one quart of gin and taken to Canada and after 
growing up he returned to his native country and aided in 
the worship of God and in building a house for the worship 
of God. The price of the land was a half Joe (a piece of 
foreign gold, a Portugese gold coin of the value of eight 
dollars). 

I attended the next meeting of the Pennsylvania Synod, 
which commenced the 18th of June, 1794, in Reading, Pa., 
and was examined and found qualified to receive a candi- 
date license to preach for one year in Salem, Morgantown, 
Redstone and farther west. These congregations and one 

(57) 



in Washington I organized before I was licensed to preach. 
I had then 100 to 160 miles which I traveled every four 
weeks. 

I lived when at home three years and one-half entirely 
alone, no living creature about me but my horse ; my kind 
neighbors did my washing and baked my bread. I was 
then joined in matrimony to Miss Catherine Troutman in 
1795 and continued traveling as extensively as before. 

I had now been traveling and preaching five years as 
faihfully as I could, but I began to doubt the reality of my 
call to preach and seriously determined to abandon the 
ministry unless I had sonie good eyidence on my next round 
of having accomplished 'some lasting good ; as I went I talked 
about my temptation and determination. During the round 
I made I found four reliable men who said I was the honored 
instrument in the hands of God for their conversion. The 
first said he was converted by my preaching on "Self 
Deception", the second by my religious conversation in his 
father's family, and the third by my catechastical instruc- 
tion, and the fourth was converted while I was in the act 
of confirming him; two of this number became useful min- 
isters in the Lutheran church, and all lived in the fear of the 
Lord and died in the Faith. One of the brothers, Horn of 
Washington, Pa., at a very advanced age ; he was catechised 
and confirmed when he was 60 years old. 

(I suppose these two men were Nigrant and Huet, (S.S.) 
The tempter departed from me and I resolved "to sow the 
seed in the morning and not withhold my hand in the even- 
ing" until the grave should hide me from the world and 
leave the event with God. My only trouble now was how I 
could best instruct mourners for God and awaken sinners. 

Young ministers, perhaps, will be at a loss to know how 
we contrived to study our sermons and travel extensively. 
God had made provisions in my situation. 
He bestows upon them both gifts and prayers and permits 
them to preach the same sermons repeatedly and I believe 
this custom will uniformly hold good and benefit all who go 
to church to serve God, but those who do not go to church 
to serve God perhaps will not be so well suited. 

Some are willing to have it said they preach their ser- 
mons twice and thrice, but we repeatedly use a good sermon 
of discourse delivered by some good minister before, or 
studied for weeks in succession preaching it almost every 
day or night as we traveled, and as I thought to good effect 
to my hearers, for they would often travel from ten to forty 

(58) 



miles in company witli me from one appointment to another 
to hear the same discourse repeated. 

(He would some days ride 30 miles and preach two or 

three sermons in twenty-four hours and baptize from three 

to ten children during the day, constantly aflirming that 

they would get a good deal more meaning and comfort the 

.second time of delivery than the first. (S. S.) 

As we were traveling along on one of these occasions 
they w^ould ask me many questions about religion and 
heaven and hell and the resurrection of the dead and the 
soul. 

I studied, or rather thought over my sermons, while my 
horse followed a Avinding path which led me across lofty 
hills to lone hovels in the mountanis or wilderness forest, to 
kneel and pray beside some bedside of the afflicted and 
dying and sing to them of heaven before their eyes were 
closed in death. 

A young minister would then go from house to house and 
visit and imitate "Him who went about doing good", and 
expound the scriptures according to the primitive apostolic 
custom of taking a whole chapter or book for a lesson, and 
after a clear exposition enforce its precepts on the minds 
and conscience of the hearers, instead of always preaching 
from a text in the ordinary Avay of regularly sermonizing, 
they would doubtless be more abundantly useful. 

The faithful minister is not conformed to fashions of men, 
and is not of the world, "Even as Christ was not of the 
world." The first preachers of righteousness willingly 
suffered the loss of all things and counted them but dross 
that they might win Christ; they counted not their lives 
dear to them in the fulfilment of their ministry. Many 
preachers in our day are poorly qualified for the noble, 
sublime work of the ministry which is in itself the most 
glorious work to which mortals can be called. May the 
]\Iaster give us all more of the perfect spirit of Luther and 
of Christ than we now possess. Amen. 

The Redstone county improved and settlers came more 
rapidly, so the price of land became too high for the poor 
to purchase themselves homes, and this induced emigration 
to push farther on nito. the wilderness. 

In 1798 and 1799 vast numbers emigrated to the Territory 
of Ohio, which at that time was nearly an impenetrable 

forest. 

The first settlement in the territory was at ^Marietta at 
the confluence of the Ohio and ^Muskingum rivers. In 1799 
the territory legislature met in Cincinnati and organized 
the civil government of the territory, and promoted the 

(59) 



safety of the pioneers by puttiniz' ;i check to the Indian hos- 
tilities. 

Among the first settlers in the territory were many gious 
Germans from beyond the waters and from the eastern 
states, a large number that bore the honorable name of 
Lutherans, vast numbers of them Avere baptized and cate- 
chised and confirmed to membership in the Lutheran com- 
munion, but through the neglect of the means of grace some 
had fallen into rationalism and all manner of sin. The>' 
were pious and daily hungered after righteousness in their 
devotion morning and evening. In their cabins, kneeling in 
dust upon their earthen floors, prayed fervently to the great 
Shepherd to send spiritual guides, to visit their families and 
baptize their babies, catechise and confirm their children, 
visit them in their affliction and speak comforting words 
of promise to them in their dying numieuts, and perform 
burial services over them when dead. 

I heard tneir cry for help and read and understood the 
clause. in my license, "und als wortar" i e and still fur- 
ther west. jMid also the commission of the Divine Master 
"Go ye into all the world and preach the gospel to everv 
creature." 

I had already an extensive field but this wide spread 
destitution that lu-evailed in our church induced me to 
travel the thinly settled territories of Ohio, West Virginia 
and Pennsylvania twice a year, and this. I did twelve tim^s 
in succession. The first time I traveled 14:^0 miles before I 
returned home. During these visits the people would come 
a long ways (especially the Lutherans Avho had in the east 
and in Germany heard the preached word every Sabbath) 
(He only went once as far as Kentucky and to my best 
recollection it was in the year 1800. (S. S.) to our meetings 
to hear the word and after a long service were loath [n 
leave the place, and one instance in the northern part oi 
TuscaraAvas county Avhen Ave had closed the ^communion 
service in a barn, and pronounced the benediction, the peo- 
ple sat doAvn again and said they Avauted to hear more, 
AA'hereupon I delivered them a discourse on "Keeping the 
Sabbath Day Holy." They embraced these opportunities of 
having their children baptized. 

I baptized tAventy-eight children in one day, under the 
green trees AAdiere Ave Avorshipped Avith one great Father, the 
broad, blue canopy stretched over our heads to shoAV us hoAV 
great and good He is. 

During these excursions I Avas often exposed to great 
deprivations, inclemency of the Aveather and perils of the 
wilderness. Not infrequently the night found me in the 

(60) 



woods a loii^' dislniicc IVoiii my habitation. When I h)st the 
dim path that h'ad me to a hnmhh' lial)itation my only 
alternative was to tie my horse to a saplin^;' for safe keeping- 
and take my s.-uhlh' and blanket for a bed and, like Jacob 
of old, who took stones and put them for his pillow, lay 
down in that place to siee]). so 1 wonhl resign myself to the 
mercies of the night and often, lii^e him, 1 was refreshed 
and encouraged l)y visions of the night, if not like him 
permitted to sec tlic visions (any of us would l)e willing to 
take up with .Jacob's ])illow if we might have Jacob's 
dreams) yet I was i)ermitted to a])propriate the blessed 
l)romise made to him, to my safety and comfort, for the Lord 
said "Behold, 1 will be Avith you, and will keep thee in all 
places whither thou goest, and bring thee again into this 
land, for I wdll not leave thee until I have done that which 1 
have spoken to thee of," and like Jacob I was kept and fed 
and clothed and permitted to return to my home in safety, 
for neither my horse nor myself were ever sick wdien duty 
required us to go. This I considered a special Providence 
as I was compelled to swnm waters and climb hills and in 
the new country to encounter swamps that were often dan- 
gerous to reach my appointments in settlements of from 
twelve to thirty-one miles distant. 

In (3ctober, 1802, a meeting was held in Jacol) Ilercha's 
house in German township, Fayette county, Pa., by the 
assistance of Rev. H. Shrema of the German Reformed 
church and Rev. 11. Edinger dividing this meeting (wdiich 
continued for one week) some twenty persons fell on their 
seats, wdiile others left their seats and hurried out of the 
house, some in indignation, others from fear. The falling 
and jerking as it w^as called was a strange phenomena in- 
deed. Men and w^omen in perfect health were involuntarily 
and often suddenly jerked about like persons aftiicted wdth 
St. Vitus dance, while others fell dowai and appeared in a 
state of syncope. This work had been going on previous to 
its appearance in my church in the Presbyterian church in 
Kentucky and Tennessee. 

Kentucky w^as the seat of this religious mania where the 
Presbyterian church condemned it, calling it fallacious, at 
least "part of them. I lielieved it to be connected with re- 
ligious impression. Be this as it may, the result of these 
exercises and the protracted meeting led to ])ainfid diver- 
sions in the congregation, for a number of persons and part 
of the members of the congregation shortly after this, sep- 
arated themselves from the church and employed a Rev. 
Rittlebogue to preach at Mr. G. Bift'el's in sight of my house, 
at the same hour 1 preached in the church. Under these 

(61) 



circumstances the friends of Rev. Rittlebugue preferred an ! 

accusation against me to the Pennsylvania Synod, which i 

convened on the 30th of May, 1804. In this accusation I 

seven charges were named against me. ! 

1st. That I had refused to give the order of the IMinis- \ 

terium when it was demanded. , 

2d. That I had made my father-in-law and brother-in- \ 
law deacons of the church, and owing to this they could do 
nothing with me. 

3d. That I did not speak a word of German in mv fam- ' 

ily. ' ' 

4th. That I broke up the German schools. 

5th. That I had communed with the Rev. H. Timmer ' 

(A German Reformer). ; 

6th. And also with the Methodist, and had received it 

(The Lord's Supper) from them. I 

7th. That I had stated from the pulpit that no Lutheran ! 
should unite in singing at the time of holding the commun- 
ion, who did not at the same time receive the sacrament. 

The charges were examined into and were considered by i 

the Ministerium unworthy of their notice. At this meeting J 

I was re-examined and ordained to preach the Gospel of . 

reconciliation after having been licensed ten years. I 

In June, 1806, a meeting was called for the purpose of ' 

trying to settle amicably the existing difficulties in the con- ! 

gregation, but nothing could be eff^ected. On the 13th of ' 

the next August I administered the sacrament of the Lord's ' 
Supper the twelfth and last time in this congregation. I 

preached to that people in all fifteen years, thirteen of which j 

I resided in the glebe with my family. In the fifteen years '■ 

I preached 400 times to these people; one year I preached , 

without license, catechised ten years as licentiate and three j 
years as an ordained minister. During this time I baptized 
489 children in this congregation and confirmed 73 to 

Church Membership. In October I resigned the pastorage : 

and removed to Columbiana county, Ohio, with m^' family. , 

I was the first person (that we know of) who carried a j 

Lutheran IMinisterial Seal across the Allegheny mountains ] 

and into the State of Ohio. Where so many churches with j 
the best pastors now stand as monuments of Lutherism. to 

the glory of God, the Lord has done many great things for 1 

us. (The names of these members are 'on record in his , 

church book, which he kept for his own private use. I j 

think the above transaction happened in 1803, (S. S.). ] 

Lutherans emigrated to Ohio from all parts of the world, i 
and especially from Eastern Pennsylvania. They came in 

vast numbers and settled sparsely in every direction. i 



(62: 



The first Lutheran settlement was made at North George- 
town, Columbiana county, in 1800, by emmigrants from 
Washington county, Pa. 

The first year after my removal to Ohio I organized 
twelve Evangelical Lutheran congregations in the counties 
of Columbiana, Jefferson, Tuscarawas and Stark in Ohio, 
and Beaver and AVashington counties. Pa. I continued to 
preach in Washington county over four weeks, as it was 
seventy miles distant over very bad roads. My heart sick- 
ened within me when I beheld the wide waste in our beloved 
Zion ; children baptized in her pales crying for spiritual in- 
struction, comfort and necessity; for want of laborers the 
harvest neglected, and many who were truly pious starving 
and wandering in the wilderness of sin, and a loss to the 
church and to'heaven. I\Ien came as far as thirty miles and 
told me their deplorable condition and bid me come and 
preach the Gospel in their houses. 

In the midst of this eagerness for the word of life we were 
opposed and denounced by falsely so-called Lutherans. I 
preached too plainly and practically for their carnal mmds. 
Thev had no objections, but thought it right for a mmister 
to descry and denounce gross violations of God's com- 
mandments, but small offenses might be innocently tolerated 
they said. Among other things which they considered 
adaphoristic were dancing at parties of young people, laugh- 
ing and loud talking in the church before and after divm? 
services, formal visits on the Sabbath day, even workmg in 
the harvest, traveling, hunting and fishing, dram drmkmg 
among the deacons and elders, and the whole church at 
house raisings. I never raised my hand against the nefarious 
practices, but I did raise my voice, loiid and long against 
them who tried to define the term drunk according to the 
notions of the people, but never could do it, for some 
thought one thing and some said another about what druk- 



enness was 



One thing was evident to me, as long as a drinker could 
hold up his head he would not admit that he was drunk, 
and when he could no longer reel too and fro, but was com- 
pelled to lie down and sleep in his filth like a hog ma stye 
he had not sense enough then to know that he was drunk. 

Hence, I preached that the only safe way was to retrain 
from it entirely, "safe for the land." "Just enough ot 
Just enough" is seldom if ever found by the deluded 
drinker as he passes rapidly down the fiery stream of stim- 
ulation in a crazy vessel which is to be swallowed up m the 
impetuous whirlpool of drunkenness. 

I taught them to believe if they would always abstain 

(63) 



from the use of exhilarating drinks they might be sure they 
never would be drunk, but without total abstinence it is 
extremely doubtful. 

But I met with a strong torrent of opposition from vast 
numbers of Lutherans, for they loved this, their strong 
enemy, yea and better for they offered themselves as living 
sacrifices upon the altar of their fiery god, and all my 
warnings of temperance and a judgment to come only sub- 
jected me to the song of the drunkard and derision of my 
enemies, for they counted me as a fool and sinner for des- 
pising and rejecting the mercies and good gifts of God to 
man. 

Lutherans also opposed the measure I used in my 
churches. I often appointed meetings in private houses for 
exhortations, prayer and religious conference. In these 
meetings we would speak freely to one another of our hopes 
and fears, joys and sorrows, desires and good resolutions, 
etc. While some of the Lutherans approbated these meet- 
ings and rejoiced greatly, praising the Lord for these rich 
blessings bestowed on them, others considered them ada- 
phoristic, neither good nor bad, but held them as unneces- 
sary meetings, while others held them, and denounced them 
as the rankest kind of diabolical heresy, and un-Lutheran 
in the extreme. Regardless of praise of censure we pur- 
sued the even tenor of our way, for it was them and not 
theirs that I was after. I have always found these meetings 
to be true nurseries of religious life among all christians 
of every denomination and language, but especially are they 
beneficial among your converts who "hunger and thirst 
after righteousness." It is here they are filled, there they 
find meat to eat the world knoweth not of, and there they 
drink the waters of life, the unspeakable delight of their 
weary and panting souls. This kind of interchange with 
christian feelings and sentiments uniformly stimulates more 
exalted spiritual attainments, peace in the church, charity 
towards all men, and firmness in the christian faith and 
doctrines are the righteous fruits of these "conventicles" 
as they are sometimes contemptuously called. Notwith- 
standing the ridicule and persecutions these meetings have 
met in many places and that not only from our lay members, 
but many of the most accomplished and devoted ministers 
have uniformly given their influence against them, I never- 
theless feel it my duty to recommend them most seriously 
and pressingly to the favorable notice of our churches and 
ministers ; and this I do from fifty years experience in them, 
in different states and languages. 

I met in Ohio from time to time, pious and -respectable 

(64) 



and intellig'ent ministerial Lutheran bretlu-en who were con- 
genial spirits to me. Among the rest was the Rev. Stark. 
He first went ont in 1796 and located in Westmorland 
county, Pa. He was emiihatically a IJoanerges, for by his 
thunders he made his mark wherever he went. But he has 
many living epistles both in heaven and on earth that he 
does' not need my imperfect writings to recommend him. 
He is known and honored b\' the great INIaster of assemblies, 
and lives in the hearts of hundreds who were blessed by his 
indefatigable labors. Rev. Foster came out in 1807 and 
settled in Lancaster, Fairfield county, Ohio. He also was a 
man of God, zealous and full of goo'd Avorks and proved him- 
self to be a faithful and diligent laborer. We were also 
strengthened by brethren in sister churches. Among the 
numbers were the Revs. Mahnesmith and Sonnendecker of 
the German Reformed church and the first ministers of that 
denomination that preached in Ohio. 

We preached alternately in the same churches for a num- 
ber of years and together and uniformly assisted each other 
in the administration of the Lord's Supper. 

October, 1812, there Avere eight Lutheran ministers met 
in Stachers Church, Washington county. Pa., to hold the 
first conference meeting ever held west of the Allegheny 
mountains.. The principal business transacted was to offer 
up one of those soul-stirring, heart-edifying and fervent 
pravers which seemed to penetrate the very heavens and 
would as it w^ere take no denial, until the great shepherd 
would send able and efficient pastors to supply the lament- 
able destitution that then prevailed in all directions; who 
would never leave the lambs of the flock to be scattered on 
the mountains; we realized the meaning of every word of 
the poet's love to the church: 

"For her my tears shall fall 
For her my prayers ascend 
To her my cares and toils be given 
'Till toils and cares shall end." 

The principal business of the meeting was to devise means 
and ways for being the most efficient in supplying the 
thousands of our wandering brethren who were perishing 
in the Mississippi Valley for want of a living ministry. 

The first meeting of a Lutheran Synod ever held Avest of 
the mountains convened in Ncav Philadelphia, Tuscarawas 
county, Ohio, .in September, 1817. (The minutes of Synod 
are mislaid, I Avrite from memory and cannot giA^e par- 
ticulars.) . 1 ^ P , 
Spring, Summer, Autumn and Wmter cofttnuied to tol- 
low each other in quick succession until the year 1829 had 

(65) 



rolled around; the seasons' rains and winds appeared as 
they did forty years before, 'when I first crossed the moun- 
tains on my way to the Mississippi Valley but all else had 
changed. The forest disappeared with the numerous in- 
habitants. Garments soiled in the blood of helpless women 
and children had passed away ; the war whoop and death 
song were no longer heard ; the hatchet was laid aside. 
Instruments of labor were taken up and Indian battle- 
grounds were used "for the sending forth of oxen and the 
treading of lesser cattle." 

The church had undergone many changes. Numerous 
church edifices reared their walls on the hills where innum- 
erable Indian cabins had stood in 1790. The sound of 
church bells were heard calling the inhabitants to the church 
of God, instead of the din and clamor of war. Our beloved 
Zion had undergone many changes for the better. We had 
an able and efficient ministry in the western field who held 
regular conferences and synodical meetings and statedly 
preached the truth plainly and powerfully with the best 
results. 

I, too, was greatly changed in body, not in soul, for my 
soul was changed in my youth long before I crossed the 
mountains, but now my hair was white as the winter frosts ; 
my tall frame begins to bend under the weight of three 
score years and ten; my once steady step begins to falter; 
my stentorian voice that had been my faithful servant for 
many years begins to fail, in both speaking and singing. 
I know these to be sure presages of ray speedy dissolution, 
and resigned my pastorate in Columbiana and adjoining 
counties. In the fall of 1829 I removed to Crawford county, 
intending to spend the remnant of my days in quiet retire- 
ment — which is so much coveted by old age — in retrospec- 
tion, and to meditate on the bright and eternal future. But 
here I was not permitted to remain long until I heard the 
Macedonian cry, "Come over and help to preach." 

(At this period of his life, and change of his location, the 
first germ of a division in the Ohio Synod which had been 
formed in New Philadelphia in 1817, was created. In the 
spring of 1830 the Synod met at New Lancaster, Ohio. He 
was not present (I, S. S. was.) He addressed a lengthy 
letter to Synod stating his intention to resign the labors of 
his ministry, still retaining a desire to remain an honorary 
member of that honorable body. At the same time picturing 
the entire destitution of the Germans having 'the Gospel 
preached to them, and his laboring on his wild land with 
his two little sons for the support of his family ; and meet- 
ing on the Sabbath for religious exercises with his German 

(66) 



neighbors in pi-ivjilo lioiiscs; ;ind also ])raying for the bless- 
ing of the great head of the church on them as a Synod, 
and stated also that the only compensation he had received 
in the past year for his ministiprial services was the sum of 
sixty-two cents received from one individual. (The above 
is the substance of the letter.) Without any request from 
the Synod the connnittee who reported on this letter recom- 
mended that it should be read in open Synod, and after 
reading the letter there was a resolution offered and passed 
that there should be a committee of three appointed to ad- 
dress a consoling letter to him and at the same time to notify 
him that there should be an appropriation of money made 
for his compensation as a missionary without any restric- 
tion of locality or title. The salary and time was not de- 
finite, the resolution was passed in open Synod that he 
should be his own arbitrator as to territory. 

The next Synod was appointed to meet in Zanesville in 
1832. We then resided in New Philadelphia, we addressed 
a letter to him directed to Crawford county, stating to him 
if he come by the way of New Philadelphia we would ac- 
company him to Zanesville Synod. (He came and we went 
there.) We offered his report, or journal, he was then a 
regular member of Synod. We were admitted as advisory 
members. The report of his mission work was received and 
accepted and an order for his money ordered without one 
dissenting voice. At the meeting of the Synod next morn- 
ing, after the usual ceremony and Synod organization, one 
of the lay members offered a resolution in open Synod, to 
have the action of the Synod that was passed yesterday on 
Father Stongh's (for so the members of Synod always called 
him) report rescinded for the want of formality. He had 
given the time and number of sermons, but no title of con- 
gregation. There was nearly two hours spent in the dis- 
cussion ; both motions were lost t© the great grief and 
mortification of some of his unsanctified European brethren 
in the ministry. I gave notice in open Synod of using every 
reasonable and christian effort in my power to form a new 
Synod. He suffered the uncalled for abuse without a mur- 
mur, except he said in private "if he had his way he would 
ask leave of absence from Synod." 

We, in the coming autumn of 1832, addressed letters to 
Revs. J. Stough, Ruth and Wigand of Wayne county, Both- 
rock and Shafer of Carroll county, and invited them to at- 
tend at New Philadelphia in the capacity of a conference 
meeting. I had also addressed a letter to brother Jehu of 
Columbiana county, expecting him to be a strong spoke in 
the wheel, but he had given up the ship and united with the 

(67) 



M. E. church. He attended the meeting but remained neu- 
tral. At next Synod we were sev(U'ely reprimanded but 
were present to defend our cause, and at the third (our 
next meeting of Synod) we succeeded in our effort in form- 
ing the English Synod, but it was soon left to be reorgan- 
ized and renovated by men better than we were or are. 
(Samuel Stough.) 

"I again consented to preach to some German brethren, 
in connection with the well-accomplished and efficient Rev. 
Ruth, who won many souls to the cause — the cause of his 
ascended Master — when the English Evangelical Lutheran 
Synod of Ohio and adjacent states, of which I had been 
senior member many years, (he was senior in the German 
and English Synods) convened in the town of Wooster, 
Wayne county, Ohio, in the fall of 1840. I went to the meet- 
ing to take my leave of my dear brethren of the Synod. 
At the close of the meeting I arose with an overflowing 
heart to say farewell to them, for I loved them. We had 
taken sweet counsel together and walked to the house of 
God together many years, but now I expected never to see 
them again until we met in the "Mansions of everlasting 
light," where God's angels dwell. I was like God's ancient 
servant, Jacob, who could not stand only as he bowed him- 
self on the bed's head to bestow a father's blessing upon 
his sorrowing children ; like him the time drew near when I 
must die, and, like him, I leaned upon my staff head to take 
leave of my weeping brethren, which I did from my heart, 
and then parted to meet no more on earth. 

I had lived in God's beautiful earth eighty-one years. 
More than fifty years of my life has been spent in teaching 
the Gospel. To do this I have traveled more than one hun- 
dred thousand miles and preached in seven different states 
of the Union. I have tried to preach ten thousand times, 
confirmed in all 1,516 persons, baptized something near 
double that number, married 481 couples and attended 
nearly as many funerals. In all my life God caused all 
things to work together for my good. I never missed an 
appointment in consequence of the lameness of myself or 
horse ; I never saw a fight in my life nor a quarrel in meet- 
ing; I never held a church session, nor excommunicated a 
member in all my ministry. Money was never my object 
in preaching, consequently I have never been burdene 1 
with 'it. I always had an economical family and consequent- 
ly was never pressed with poverty. 

I always read political newspapers of all parties which 
were generally furnished me by editors gratuitously and 

(68) 



without solicitation, hut I never voted but twice, neither 
made know^n my political viev^s. 

Not one day has passed during the seventy years v^^ithout 
an acknowledgement to the Eternal Jehova of my sins and 
the sins of others, attended hy prayer for pardon. I have 
enjoyed a thousand pleasures for one pain. I raised a fam- 
ily of six sons and seven daughters to the best of my ability 
in the admonition and nurture of the Lord. 

One of my sons (Samuel) I consecrated in early life to 
the work of the ministry, but~"he declined the calling of my 
choice when he came to choose a profession, assigning as a 
reason it Avas the choice of a man and not of God, and chose 
rather to learn and practice the art of healing the body, in- 
stead of the soul. 

I have always mourned over the golden time I lost from 
school in my youth, which has caused my to labor under 
sore disadvantages all my life long for the want of a lib- 
eral education, which I might have obtained by proper 
encouragement and effort. 

]My principle text books for fifty years have been "Storks 
Commentary", "Spencer's Explanations of Luther's Five 
Principles", my Catechism, Hymn book and the Holy Bible. 

I am noAV a feeble old man only able to preach once in a 
great while, and I expect 'to die soon. 

If I have made myself enemies I emplore their forgiveness. 
I tender my fellow beings my unfeigned thanks for their 
coiitiuued friendship, and for the many favors and accom- 
modations I have received from them in my travels and pur- 
suits in this world. 

To God's Holy name be all the glory for all the good I 
was instrumental in doing in the Avorld. 

Max God, the Father, forgive my sins and save my 
Soul :' 

Mav God, the Holy Ghost, forgive my sins and save my 

Soul ;■ 

]\Iay God, the Son, forgive my sins and save my Soul. 

xVmen." 

JOHANN STAUF. 



CONRAD HOGMIRE'S SERVICES DURING THE REVO- 
LUTIONARY WAR. 

Conrad Hogmire (Hoguemyer) was born in Wittenberg, 
Germany, 1740. He came to America and settled in Wash- 
ington county, Maryland, July 28, 1798. 

In Scliarf s History of Western ]\taryland frequent men- 
tion is made of Conrad Hogmire 's active participation in the 
preparations for war, and his loyalty to the cause of Ameri- 
can independence. 

At a meeting of the inhabitants, of Frederick county 
Maryland, qualified to vote for representatives, held in the 
court house on Friday, November, 1771, the following reso- 
lutions were adopted : 

Resolved that Charles Beatty, Henry Griffith, Thomas S. 
Spriggs, Conrad Hogmire and others, to the number of 
seventy-five, be a committee to represent the county to carry 
into execution the association agreed upon by the Conti- 
nental Congress, and that any five had power to act. 

At a meeting held in the court house, Frederick county, 
Maryland, January 20, 1775, John Harrison, chairman, it 
was resolved* as a most convenient and effective method of 
raising the sum of the county proportion a subscription for 
the purchase of arms be opened in every part of the county, 
and for Upper Antietam Hundred, Jacob Funck, Conrad 
Hogmire and John Ingham were named. 

September 18, 1775, a committtee for the purpose of rais- 
ing two companies of Minute men at Elizabethtown (now 
Hagerstown, Maryland,) the following were present: John 
StuU, president ; Samuel Hughes, secretary ; Captains Hog- 
mire, Smith and Hagner. 

At a meeting held March 4, 1776, to appoint officers for 
the two companies Captain Hogmire was in the chair. 

Conrad Hogmire resigned his commission October 10, 
1776, when age and ill health rendered him incapable of fur- 
ther service. Reference in Vol. XII, p. 332, Archives of 
Maryland, published by the ]\Iaryland Historical Society, 
and by virtue of chapter 138 of the Acts of 1882, which pur- 
ports to be a true copy of the correspondence of the Coun- 
cil of Safety, 1776, containing a copy of the letter written by 
Conrad Hogmire enclosing his commission. 

(70) 



When Washington county was formed from Frederick 
county, Maryland, September 6, 1776, Conrad Hogmire was 
one of the first Commissioners. 

Conrad Ilogmire was also a surveyor of public lands, and 
became an extensive land owner. As early as 1767 the gov- 
ernment of Maryland granted him several tracts of land on 
behalf of the Lords Proprietary and subsequently by the 
state. About the year 1800 several of his sons emigrated 
to the Genesee county, New York, along with the Fitz 
Hughes, Rochesters and Carrols to develop thirteen thou- 
sand acres of land left them by their father, Conrad Hog- 
mire. 




Jonas Bowman 



JONAS BOWMAN. 

Jonas Bowman, eldest son of John Jacob and Charlotte 
(Stoiiii'h) Bowman, was born at Redstone, Fayette connty, 
Pennsylvania, November 17, 1804. He was brought to Ohio 
with his parents when bnt two years old and raised in Cen- 
ter township, Columbiana county, Ohio. In his boyhood he 
received a good education under the direction of his father. 
When a young man he taught school in a log house near his 
home, being one of the first school teachers in the neighbor- 
hood. His salary was twelve dollars per month. He se- 
cured a farm in Wayne county, near Wooster, Ohio. The 
land was covered with timber which Jonas cleared and pre- 
pared himself a home. 

Jonas Bowman married Margaret Richards June 22, 1826. 
She was the daughter of Leonard and Betsey Richards, who 
came from Jefferson county. She was also a sister of 
Samuel Richards, who married Rachel Bowman, daughter of 
Pliilil) C. Bowman. 

Jonas and Margaret (Peggy) Bowman lived upon their 
farm in Wayne county throughout their lives. 

Jonas Bowman died March 8, 1869, aged sixty-five years. 

To Jonas and Margaret (Richards) Bowman were born 
ten children as follows: 
Charlotte Elizabeth, born June 21, 1828. 
John Jacob, born August 9, 1830. 
Leonard Richard, born November 18, 1831, died March 1, 

1906. 
Sarah, born December 9, 1833. 
Samuel Stough, born February 20, 1835, died August 16, 

1840. 
xVIbert Wesley, born April 26, 1836. 
Harrison, born February 7, 1838. 
Alfred, born June 20, 1843, died in infancv. 
Mary, born March 29, 1846. 
Joshua S., l)orn December 4, 1850. 

Charlotte Elizabeth Bowman married Peter Mowrer May 
28, 1848. Peter Mowrer was born October 4, 1822, and died 
January 2, 1899. They lived near Wooster, Ohio. To them 
were born three children as follows : 
Cyrus B., born October 15, 1850. 
Margaret C, born July 21, 1858. 
William W., born June 15, 1870. 

(73) 



Cyrus B. Mowrer married Rachel E. Wilson October 2, 
1873. To them were born two daughters : 
Ethel Faye, born October 10, 1874. 
Nina May, born September 15, 1876. 

Rachel E. Mowrer died at the age of 33 years. Cyrus B. 
Mowrer then married Mary E. Hodges September 27, 1887. 
They live in Wooster, Ohio. They have four children, 
namely : 

Mildred H., born November 7, 1888. 
Josephine, born February 25, 1891. 
Elizabeth, born August 8, 1898. 
Dorothy, born November 8, 1901. 

Margaret C. Mowrer married E. W. Naftzgar, December 
23, 1880. Their children are: 
Anna E., born August 2, 1882. 
Lloyd, born July 23, 1889, died September 16, 1889. 

.William W. Mowrer married Charlotta May Getty, No- 
vember 15, 1893. They live in Alliance, Ohio. 

John J. Bowman married Lydia Case. They live near 
Wooster, Ohio. To them were born eleven children os fol- 
lows : 
Rachel. 
Samuel. 
Charlotte. 
Lincoln. 
Grant. 

Martin Luther. 
Mary. 
Sophronia. 
Isabell. 
Laura Bell. 
Garfield. 

Rachel Bowman married Charles townsend. Their chil- 
dren are : 
Clarence. 
Jessie. 

Samuel Bowman married Lillian Currier. They have one 
son: 
Alverdo Preston. 

Lillian P>owman died and Samuel afterwards married Mrs. 
Cutter. They have four children (names not given). 

Charlotte Bowman married Robert Hyslop. They have 
four children as follows: 
Bell. 
Bain. 
Eva. 
Fred. 

(74) 



Lincoln Bownian niarried Ida Swit/.er. They have two 
children : 
Vernon. 
Cora. 
Grant Jiownian niai'i'ied Minnie Bell. 

INIartin L. Bowman married Lena Martin. They have two 
children : 
Anna. 
Vera. 

Isahelle Bowman married Elias Edsel. They have eight 
children (names not given). 

]\Liry Bowman marrie<l -Tames San(h'rson. They have six 
children : 
Hazel. 
Myrtle. 
Vestie. 
Sophronia. 
Winiford. 

Sophronia Bowman married Fred Demass. 

Lanra Bell Pxnvinan married Nathan Tiillic. They have 
two children : 
Wayne. 
Baine. 

Leonard R. Bowman, son of James and Margaret Bow- 
man, married Isaljelle Agnes Cherry. They lived near 
Wooster, Ohio. To them were born seven children : 
Keller C. 
Samuel B. 
Jonas 0. 
May I. 
Williard G. 
Elmina Bell. 
Leonard Vernon. 

Jonas Bowman married Pearl Pierce. They have four 
children : 
Ilein. 
Elenor. 
Francis. 
Leonard. 

Williard G. Bowmian married ]\Iary Seberling. 

Sarah Bowman, daughter of Jonas and Margaret Bowman, 
married Levi Daniels. The names of their children are: 
Emmet. 
]\Iargaret. 
Elsie. 
Isie. 
Alvin. 

(75) 



Welker. 

Emmet Dauiels married Mary Badger. They have oue 
daughter : 
Berl. 

JMargaret Daniels inarrietl Wellver Zimmerman. They live 
at Fredricksbiirg, Ohio. 

Elsie Daniels married Jessie Frain of Wooster, Ohio; 

Isie Daniels married Frank Geddis of Apple Creek, Ohio. 
Their children are : 
Clifford. 
^Marion. 

Welker Daniels ]\Iarrie;l Clara Lightfoot. Their children 
are : 
Marie. 
Raymond. 
Florence. 

Albert Wesley Bowman, son of Jonas and Eli/,al)etli Bow- 
man, married Matilda Scotland, October 2(), 18G9. To them 
were born the following children : 
Orra B., born Septend)er 28, 1860. 
Ellen Jane, born January 9, 1861. 
Dell S., born March 13, 1864. 
Ezra K., (no record). 
Robert II., (no record). 

]\Iatilda Bowanan died July 2, 18'JO, and Albert W. liow- 
man afterward married Mary Copeland March 2, 1898. 

Orra B. Bownum married Lewis A. IMason, Decemlier 2S, 
1888. They have two daughters: 
Lucille G. 
Ruth Ramona. 

Ellen Jane Bowman married W. II. Ijove. They have one 
son : 
Ralph. 

Dell S. Bowman married Eftie P. JMetcalf November 4, 
1894. They have one daughter. 

Robert IL Bowman nuirried Inez G. i>enn<"tt December 31, 
1901. 

Harrison Bownuan, son of Jonas and Margaret Bowman, 
married Irene Bevington, Octol)er 9, 185!). The names of 
their children are as follow^s: 
Alice, born June 2, 1860. 
Elmer C, born March 11, 1862. 
Charles B., born November 20, 1863. 

Alice BoW'Uian married M^illiam Beatty, June 18, 1879. 
Their home is at Alliance, Ohio. They have one sou : 
Herbert B. Beatty, born May 16, 1880. 

Herbert B. Beatty married Abba Mack, May 14, 1903. 

(76) 



They have one son : 

William C. liealty, hoi-n Fehniai-y 2:5, 1904. 

Elmer C. I>owiiiaM iiiai-i-ied Sadie Robinson, June 11, 

1885. To them twins were born Mai-eh IS, ISOl. T>,oth died 
in infancy. 

Charles B. Bowman mai-ried Sadie "Emick, September IG, 

1886. They had one daujihter: 

Irene S. Bowman, boi-n Pebiaiary 6, 1889. 

Sadie Bowman died February 11,-1889. Charles li. Bow- 
man then married Minnie Sheppard JDecember 15, 189:5. 
Their children are : 

Ethel, born September 5, 1894, died August 23, 1900. 
Harold J., born June 7, 1899. 
Ralph II., born June 25, 1901. ^\ 

]\Iary, daughter of Jonas and Margaret BoAvman, married 
Jacob Kesler. The luimes of their children are: 
Ida ]\Iay. 
Margaret. 
Elizabeth. 
Sevilla. 
Ethel. 
Adelia. 

Ida i\Iay Kesler married Cyrus Rice. 

Margaret Kesler married Cyrus IMcCormick. Tlu'y have 
one son : 
Jacob Kesler McCormick. 

Ethel Kesler married Charles Cooper. * 

Joshua S. Bowman, s(m of Jonas and Elizabeth Bow^man, 
married Martha iMilbourne January Ij 1873. To them were 
born : "^ '- - " ■ 

Walter, liorn June 23, 1878. 
Sloan, born :\Iay 23, 1881. 
Alma, born June 22, 1888. 
Florence, born March 30, 1891. 
Lois, born June 9, 1895. 

Walter Bowman married Cora Blosser. 




Elizabeth Bowman Rinehart 



ELIZABETH (BOWMAN) RINEHART. 

Elizcil)eth Bowman, only daughter of John Jacob and 
Charlotte (Stoujih) Bowman, was born in Center township, 
Columbiana county, Ohio, January 27, 1808. Her early 
life was spent at home in cittendino' the district school and 
learnins: the duties of the household. 

The 28rd of November, 1828, Elizabeth Bowman married 
Solomon Rinehart. He was born July 17, 1802, and was the 
son of Rev. John and Susan (Toge) Rinehart. Rev. Rine- 
hart was a Lutheran minister of Somerset, Jefferson county, 
Ohio. 

Solomon and Elizabeth Rinehart located upon the north- 
ern portion of the land owned by John J. Bowman, which 
became their home throughout their lives. 

Elizabeth Rinehart died September 8, 1872, aged sixty- 
four 3^ears. 

Solonu>n Rinehart died February 11, 1879, aged seventy- 
seven years. They were both buried at Mount Zion ceme- 
tery. The names and dates of birth of their children are as 
follows: 

Susannah B., born April 3, 1831. 
Charlotte, born April 16, 1833. 
Rebecca, born January 25, 1835. 
Lovina, born ]\Tay 1, 1837, died April 23, 1859. - 
]\[ary, born February 9, 1839. 
Elizabeth, born June 1, 1841. 
John J., born Mav 7, 1843. 
Philip M., born June 21, 1845. 
Lydia C, l)orn June 21, 1845. 
Alice, born , 1848. 

Celesta C, born July 6, 1849. 

Susannah B. Rinehart married Comfort Christian Bow- 
man October 20, 1852. Comfort C. Bowman was born Jan- 
uary 28, 1815, and was the son of Christian and Elizabeth 
(Kreager) Bowman. Comfort and Susannah Bowman lo- 
cated in Goshen township, Mahoning county, Ohio. 

The following are the names and dates of birth of their 
children : 

Olive Charlotte, born July 21, 1853. 
John Jacob, born October 30, 1854. 
Comfort Ellis, born April 3, 1856. 

\ I 
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Mary Elizabeth, born September 24, 1858. 

Laura Bell, born September 15, 1860. >■ 

Florence Adda, born December 29, 1862. 

Sarah Delta, born June 5, 1865. v 

Minnie Soto, born December 20, 1867. 

Nora Hart, born October 16, 1873. 

Olive C. Bowman married John S. Mathews April 20, 
1872. He was born September 1, 1817. They live at Can- 
field, Ohio. The names of their children are: 
Viola Virginia, born January 25, 1873. 
Emory Earnest, born Februarv 28, 1874, died March 28, 

1896. 

Comfort Covell, born October 23, 1876. 
Laura Bell, born September 17, 1879. 

Ella Evaline, born August 20, 1881. , 

Francis Svlvester, born March 15, 1883, died October 17, \ 

1883. 
Homer Howard, born August 20, 1884. 
Lee, born November 23, 1886, died February 5, 1887. 
Jesse, born January 3, 1888, died December 20, 1889. 
Mary Edith, born August 6, 1889. \ 

Roy John, born June 1, 1892. 

Viola V. Mathews married Amos Leslie B'ardo, February 
17, 1892. They have one daughter : I 

Olive Charlotte Bardo, born August 11, 1893. ' 

Viola V. Bardo died March 28, 1896. 1 

Emory E. Mathews married Marion Esther Auld, March 
31, 1891. They live near Ellsworth, Ohio. They have twin 
sons: 

Paul John, born March 12, 1901. 
Glenn Robert, born March 12, 1901. 

Laura B. Mathew^s married Horace Clay, January 16, 
1900. They live at Canfield and have one child : 
Beatrice Ciay, born October 17, 1900. 

Ella E. Mathews married Charles Ilarter. 

John J. Bowman (single) lives near Ellsworth, Ohio. 

Comfort Ellis Bowman married Fanny Manchester, March 
17, 1867. They live near Ellsworth, Ohio. They have one 
son: 
Hugh Manchester Bowman. 

Mary Elizabeth Bowman resides in Salem, Ohio. 

Laura Bell Bowman married William Wilcoxen, January 
22, 1889. He was born June 6, 1865. They lieve near 
Pierce, Stark county, Ohio. Their chilren are : 
Arthur G., born September 22, 1891. 
Minnesota, born July 4, 1893. 
Hanah Ritchie, born February 18, 1900. 

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Margaret Rebecca, born February 18, 1900. 
Charles Ross, born July 'S, 1002. 

Florence Adda Bowman married David A. Allen. He was 
born September 7, 1859. They live at Ellsworth, Ohio. They 
have one son : 
Charles Allen, born August 15, 1888. 

Sarah Delta and Minnie Soto Bowman reside at Milbourn, 
Florida. 

Nora TTart Bowman married Union Taylor. Tie was born 
July 21, 18G1. They live in Goshen township, jMnhoning 
county, Ohio. Their children are : 
William Comfort, born February 19, 1895. 
Georgia, born January 24, 1897. 
Marshal IMcDonald, born February 28, 1900. 
Mary, born March 28, 1903. 

Charlotte Rinehart, daughter of Solomon and Elizabeth 
(Bowman) Rinehart, married George W. Scott, Angust 20, 
1857. They live at Brvan, Ohio. They have one daughter: 
Mary E. Scott, born July 28, 1858. 

Mary E. Scott married John Ilershel Serrels, January 3, 
1878. They have one son : 
George T. Serrels, born January 12, 1879. 

Rebecca Rinehart, daughter of Solomon and Elizabeth 
(Bowman) Rinehart, married David MclMichael, October 22, 
1856. lie was b(mi July 14, 1833, and died July 23, 1896. 
Their home was in Lisbon, Ohio. Their children were : 
Elizabeth Jane, born September 10, 1857, died 1898. 
William Cairnes, born December 27, 1859, died Jnly 24, 

1894. 

Elizabeth J. McMichael married Edward Erwin. They 
had one child who died in infancy. 

Mary Rinehart, daughter of Solomon and Elizabeth (Bow- 
man) Rinehart, married Charles M. JVIiller, September 24, 
1864. He was born November 5, 1830, and died April 15, 
1899. Their residence was at Lisbon, Ohio. The names of 
their children are : 

Charles R., born March 12, 1866, died December 9, 1881. 
Luella Mary, born December 12, 1867. 

Luella M. Miller married John Diltz Ramsey, December 
10, 1890. They live near Lisbon, Ohio. Their children are : 
Lawrence Miller Ramsey, born July 29, 1892. 
Infant, born Angust 2, 1895, died 
Mary Kessiah, born August 8, 1897. 
Infant, born Angust 26, 1899, died 
Rachel Rebecca, born April 21, 1901. 
John Theadore, l)orn October 13, 1903. 

Elizabeth Rinehart, daughter of Solomon and Elizabeth 

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(Bowman) Riuehart, married James Reese. Their children 

are : 

Alice. 

Jessie Eva, born April 11, 1870. 

Alice Reese married Nathan Thomas. They live in Lisbon, 
Ohio. 

Jessie Reese married Peter B. Dales, November 21, 1899. 
They live in Center township, Columbiana county, Ohio. 
Their children are : 

Maud Elizabeth, born September 29, 1890. 
Ralph James R., born March 31, 1893. 
Lovina Alice, born November 17, 1895. 
Roy Charles", born December 23, 1897. 
Eva Mav, born April 5 1900. 
Earl Edward, born April 8, 1902. 
Mary Naomi, born April 3, 1904. 

John J. Rinehart, son of Solomon and Elizabeth (Bow- 
man) Riuehart, married Ilattie Gaskill. They live in Law- 
rence, Kansas. They have one daughter : 
Hattie. 

Philip M. Rinehart, son of Solomon and Elizabeth (Bow- 
man) Rinehart, married Caroline Betz. They live near Sa- 
lem, Ohio. They have one son : 
Firman Asa, born April 24, 1873. 

Firman A. Rinehart married Bertha Fultz. They reside 
near Salem, Ohio. They have one son : 
Omar, born January 28, 1895. 

Lydia C. Rinehart, daujihter of Solomon and Elizabeth 
(Bowman) Rinehart, married Alpheus Farmer. She died 
September 7, 1870. They had two children : 
Mervin, born October 13, 1869. 
Dora. 

Mervin Farmer married Maud Warrell, December 23, 
1891. They live near Teegarden, Ohio. Tlieir children are: 
Harriet Lydia, born February 3, 1893. 
Alpheus Raymond, born February 21, 1895. 
Ross Marion, born May 22, 1899. 
Glenn Destal, born July 20, 1903, died September 2, 1903. 

Dora Farmer married Lyman Davidson. They live in 
Salem, Ohio. Their children are : 
John. 
Linden. 

Celesta C. Rinehart, daughter of Solomon and Elizabeth 
(Bowman) Rinehart, married George W. Springer, October 
29, 1867. They live at Garfield, Ohio. They have one 
daughter : 
Lizzie Springer, born June 16, 1869. 

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John Bowman 



JOHN BOWMAN. 

John Bowman, second son of Jolni J. and Charlotte Vunv- 
nian, was born in Columbiana county, Ohio, May 3, 1810. 
His youth was spent upon his father's farm. At the ajje of 
17 he went to Canton, Ohio, and learned the trade of tanner 
with Abram Croft. After servin.s: an apprenticeship of 
three years he returned to his father's home in Columbiana 
county. Here in 1827 he built a tannery on the east bank of 
Cold Run. He operated this tannery for eleven years. It 
was sold to William Filson in 1838. A few years later the 
tannery was removed to the west side of Cold Run, where it 
is still located though not now in use. 

John Bowman married Mary H. ]\Iason, November 13, 
1831. IMary IMason was born in Center township, Colum- 
biana county, December 29th, 1812. She was the daughter 
of Charles and Elizabeth (Home) JNIason. Charles Mason 
was born 1780, and died 1868. Charles Mason was the son 
of Martin IMason, born 1743, and his wife, whose maiden 
name was Elizabeth Waites, an English lady. ]\Iartin Mason 
was captured by Indians when a boy, during the French and 
Indian war, an account of which is elsewhere given. Eliza- 
beth (Home) Mason was the daughter of Christopher and 
Catherine (Mong) Home. Mary (Home) Mason died 1830, 
aged 31 years. 

John Bowman and wife lived for several years near the 
tannery in a house afterward used as a building for Cold 
Run academy, a portion of which originally came from the 
home of Rev. John Stough. 

In 1837 John Bowman in company with Benjamin Har- 
kins, a young school teacher, determined to seek a new 
home in Indiana. Together they walked the entire distance. 
Their only guidance much of the time was a compass. John 
Bowman was pleased with the new location, and entered 150 
acres in Jefferson township. Noble county. This land he 
afterward sold for $1,600. He entered 200 acres of land near 
the headwaters of Tippecanoe Creek. 

In January, 1838, John Bowman with his wife and two 
sons, Jonas and Lycurgas moved to their new home in 
Indiana. They made the trip in a four-horse wagon. The 
journey was made in the winter, so that the Black Swamps 
in Northwestern Ohio could be crossed when frozen, for at 

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any other time of year the roads through the .swami)s were 
almost impassable for was^'oiis. Upon their arrival the fam- 
ily took np their rxisidence in a log cabin, where they became 
pioneers of Noble county. 

With characteristic energy he proceeded to convert the 
forest into land suitable for agricultural purposes. They per- 
manently located on 160 acres purchased near Albion, Noble 
county. John Bowman was the first resident justice elected 
in ISlii). 

In politics he was a Whig and afterwards a Republican. 

John Bowman died June 12, 1885, aged about 75 years, 
and was buried in the Sparta cemetery. There were four 
children whose names and dates of birth are as follows: 
Jonas, born October 7, 1832. 
Lycurgas, born February 19, 1836. 
Mary Olive, born January, 23, 1841. 
Elizabeth, born ,Seteml)er'l3, 18-1:6. 

Jonas Bowman married Rachel Maria Foot, Mareii 11, 
1860. They located upon a farm a short distance west of 
his father's home. For several years before the Civil War 
Noble county and adjoining counties became the head(piar- 
ters for a band of rol)bers, counterfeiters and horse thieves. 
Several murders were committed. The county officials were 
unable to suljdue the criminals. The residents took the law 
into their own hands, and an organization called "The Regu- 
lators" was established to sui)press lawlessness and crime. 
Jonas Bowman was an active member of this body. In 
1858 (jJregory McUougal, a notorious criminal guilty of sev- 
eral murders and robberies, was caiitured and given a pub- 
trial in the presence of about 500 "Regulators" and citizens. 
IMcDougal confessed his guilt. He was taken in a wagon 
out into the woods, a convenient tree was selected and the 
wagon was drawn luider a branch. The mounted "Regu- 
lators" formed a circle about the impromi)tu scaffold. A 
l)oartl was shoved out of the rear end of the wagon l)ed, the 
prisoner i)laced upon it and the noose adjusted a1)out his 
neck.' A snuill rope was attached to the board on which the 
victim stood, and the rope passed among the fifty executictn 
ers. xVt a signal the rope was jerked and the board dropped 
from under the victim. This practically put an end to crime 
in that section. 

The names of the children of Jonas and Rachel Maria 
Bowman are as follows: 
Amelia, born April 21, 1861. 
Benjamin F., born July 7, 1863. 

Morton, born October 3, 1865, died December 20, 1869. 
Charles M., born May 17, 1870. 

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Nellie, bora May 22, 1875. 

Rachel Maria (Foot) Bowman died March 19, 1888, aged 
about 57 years. 

Jonas Bowman then married Jamima Rockhill of Alliance, 
Ohio, December 25, 1889. Their postoffice address is Albion, 
Indiana. • 

Jonas Bowman died July 3, 1904. 

Benjamin F. Bowman married Lydia M. Clark, December 
30, 1884. " • 

B. F. Bowman conducts a livery business in Albion. Their 
children are : 

Howard S., born November 11, 1885. 
Neva M., born December 31, 1889. 
Bessie M., born December 10, 1891. 

Nellie Bowman married Riley E. Smith September 4, 
1897. They live near Albion. They have one son : 
Roy Smith^ born June 2, 1900. 

Charles M. Bowman married Maud Frazier May 27, 1903. 
They live at the home of his father. 




Mrs. Lycurgus Bowman 




Lycurgus Bowman 



Lycurgus Bowman was born in Columbiana county, Ohio, 
February 19, 1836. He was brought with his parents to 
Noble county, Indiana, in the spring of 1838. Here he grew 
to manhood. 

March 24, 1861, Lycurgus Bowman married Mary A. 
Simon. She was a daughter of Jonathan and Rachel Simon. 
Lycurgus Bowman and his wife located on a farm near Ari, 
Allen county, Indiana, where he has since followed the oc- 
cupation of farming. He served in an organization of 
Home Guards in the capacity of Sargent. He enlisted in the 
War of the Rebellion in February, 1865. He was detailed to 
serve as a nurse in the hospital at Frederic City, Maryland. 
At the close of the war he returned to his home in Ari, where 
he has since resided. The names of their children are as 
follows : 

John Clark, born September 29, 1862. " 
Edith Emma, born October 11, 1864. 
Mary Bernis, born February 17, 1867. 
Jason L., born , died in infancy. 

John Clark Bowman married Anise Simon September 16, 
1886. She was the daughter of Moses and Abigail (Ham- 
sher) Simons. 

John C. Bowman lived at Fort Wayne, Indiana. 

The names of their children are : 
Willard C, born June 25, 1887. 
Mable, born July 16, 1889. 
Rhea, born September 13, 1895. 
Oliver H., born January 19, 1899. 

Edith E. Bownmn married Charles W. Sloffer October 21, 
1886. They lived at Ari, Indiana. Their children are called : 
Melvin J, born August 21, 1889, died July 20, 1891. 
Ivan Glen, born August 24, 1893. 
Harlen Page, born November 12, 1896. 
Leah Elva, born November 12, 1896. 

Mary B. Bowman married Elmer E. Straub, December 27, 
1885. Their home is at Belding, Michigan. The names of 
their children are : 
Clara Edith, born July 26, 1887. 
Vera Maud, born November 3, 1888. 
Floyd Elsworth, born December 9, 1890. 
Leslie Pearl, born September 23, 1892. 

Elmer E. Straub died December 29, 1899. 

Elizabeth Bowman married James Clark Seaburg, October 
13, 1886. He was born November 16, 1840. They live upon 
the farm which was the home of John Bowman near Albion. 
The names of their children are : 
Jo, born February 16, 1868. ~ . 

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Wilda, born Septembor 20, ISTfi. 
Grace, l)orn April 28, 1879. 

Jo Soabiiro- mnrricd YA'/.'/Ac PAUvt .Iiino 2;"), IS!)!). Tlicy 
live at Toledo, Ohio. Their children are: 
Vina. "^ 

Hazel. 
Irma Esther, born -Tannary 20, 1804:. 

Wilda Seabui'ti' mni-ried George Lary March 25, 1901. 
Their home is at Toledo, Ohio. They have one son : 
Woodward, born April 4, 1904. 

Grace Seaburi^' married Ozro C. Deardorff Jannary 19, 

1899. They live on a farm near Albion. They have two 
daughters : 

Pearl, born March 17, 1902. 
Velma, born April 20, 1904. 

Mary Olive Bowman married George W. Bricker Novem- 
ber 6, 1861. George W. Bricker now lives at Elkhart, 
Indiana. 

]\Iary Olive Bricker died February 15, 1898, nged 57 years. 
The names and dates of birth of their children are as fol- 
lows : 

John Jacob, born October 22, 1863. 
Alison, born July 18, 1865, died July 31, 1867. 
Isadora, born September 24, 1867. 
Enos, born November 15, 1869. 
Henry, born June 30, 1874. 
George Forest, born July 3, 1877. 
Orren Mason, born April 6, 1880. 
Arthur Lee, born June 26, 1886. 

John J. Bricker married Lucy Weirick. They live at 
Creston, Iowa. They have two children: 
Chester Ray, born August 1, 1890. 
Arder Carl," born August 28, 1893. 

Henry Bricker married Minnie Stauffer. Their home is at 
Elkhart, Indiana. They have one son: 
Alva Lee, born April 22, 1899. 

George F. Bricker married Bessie Enyart December 26, 

1900. They live nt Elkhart, Indiana. They have one son: 
Charles, born December 27, 1903. 

Orren M. Bricker married Blanch Stephenson. They re- 
side at Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Enos Bricker married Belle Strater. They live at Brim- 
field, Indiana. 

Isadora Bricker lives at Fort Wayne, Indiana. 




Philip Bowman 



PHILIP BOWMAN. 

Philip and Samuel Bowman, twin sons of John J. and 
Charlotte Bowman, were born in Columbiana county Feb- 
ruary 4, 1817, 

Philip B.owman received a good education in his youth. 
When a young man he taught several terms of school in the 
log school house which stood upon the present location of 
No. 3 school house in Center township. 

Philip Bowman married Lydia Harlan September 1, 1842. 
Lydia Harlan was liorn September 9, 1822. She was the 
daughter of Ezekil and Mary Harlan of Center township, 
Columbiana county, Ohio. Philip Bowman and his wife 
lived for about two years at the home of his parents in 
Columbiana county. In 1844 Philip Bowman, wife and 
daughter, ]\Iary Charlotte, moved to Noble county, Indiana. 
They located upon a farm adjoining that of his brother, 
John, on the east. Here he secured a farm of 200 acres 
where he remained iitil a few years before his dath. He 
taught school several terms in Noble as school teachers were 
scarce in that newly settled country. Later he became a 
school director. He was also a justice of the peace. He 
was an active member of the Evangelical Lutheran church, 
and was a deacon of tbe church for many years. 

In his school the "English Reader" and the "Western 
Calculator" were the chief text books used. In writing a 
metalic pen was unknown. It was necessary for the teacher 
to make quill pens. Copies were also "set" by the teachers. 
Some of the quaint precepts used by Philip Bowman were: 

"A Man of Words and not of Deeds, is like a Garden 
full of Weeds. " " Command, you may, Your mind for Play, 
throughout the Day" and "Lost Time is never found 
again." 

A few years before his death, in 1878, Philip Bowman sold 
his farm and moved to Albion. He died there, January 19, 
1890, aged 73 years, and was buried in the Albion cemetery. 

The children of Philip and Lydia (Harlan) Bowman are: 
Mary Charlotte, born I\Iay 24, 1844. 
Edith Emily, born February 17, 1847. 
Jay M., born December 10, 1851. 

Edith Emily died August 8, 1850. 

Lvdia Bowman, wife of Philip Bowman, died May 12, 
1857. 

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Philip liowiiKiu. then marrieil Mrs. IMary Bowmau. Her 
maiden name was Mary Hoffman. She was born in York 
county, Pennsylvania, March 17, 1825. She came to Ohio 
w^ith her parents and married Henry Bowman, jr., who was 
born at Mansfiekl, March 18, 1825. He died November 15, 
1858. He was the son of Henry Bowman, sr., who came from 
Pennsylvania with two brothers, John and Simon. Henry 
Bowman, sr., was born September 13, 1788, and died Sep- 
tember 24, 1855, both Henry Bowman, sr., and his son Henry 
are buried at Albion cemetery. 

No relationshi}) can be traced between the family of 
Henry Bownum and our own family. 

After the second marriage of Philip Bownum a st)n was 
born : 
Samuel Elmer, born October 25, 1865. 

^lary Charlotte Bowman married Samuel Chilcoti;. 

Samuel Chilcote was killed by a falling' tree on the farm 
of Philij) Bowman Jan\uiry 29, 18()9. 

Samuel and IMary Charlotte Chilcote bad two children: 
Anna, born July 11, 1867. 
James, born August 3, 1869. 

Anna Chilcote married Noah Barcus November 9, 1887. 
They lived in Albion, Indiana. Their children are as fol- 
lows : 

Bessie Beatrice, born November 26, 1888. 
Bula Bernice, born September 19, 1890. 
Weir McKinley, born July 7, 1894. 
Delbert, born September 20, 1898. 

James Chilcote married Francis Heck January 25, 1894. 
They live in Albion and have one daughter: 
Irene, born Decend^er 29, 1895. 

x\fter the death of Sanniel Chilcote, Mary (-harlotte mar- 
ried William Andrew JMcEwen April 30, 1872. William 
Andrew McEwen was born in Richland county, Ohio, fjuly 
20, 1845. They lived on a farm near BrimHeld, Indiana. 

Jav Bowman married Lucinda ]\Iack. She was born June 
4, 1851. 

Jay Bowman died May 9, 1883. 

The names of the children are : 
Clyde, born February 25, 1875. 
Birdie, born May 14," 1878. 
Grover C, born January 27, 1883. 

Serenus Bowman, son of Philip and Lydia (Harlan) Bow- 
man, was married to Alvira Saltzgaber of Albion, Novem- 
ber 3, 1877. To this union was born one son : 
Fermand, born September 28, 1878. 

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Mrs. Bowmau was born May 20, 1858, and died May 25, 

1879. 

Serenns Bowman married again, Miss Lonise Helen Pari- 

sot of Fort Wayne, November 20, 1800. The second Mrs. 

Bowman was born September 27, 1867, at Fort Wayne, 

Indiana. To this union were born two children : 

Irene Lonise Bowman, born February 3, 1892, at Hunting- 
ton, Indiana. 

Clair Elion Bowman was born June 16, 1897, at Fort Wayne, 
Indiana. 
Samuel Elmer Bowman married Carrie Wagstaff August 

23, 1893. They live in Albion, Indiana. The names of their 

children are : 

Leason Peirre, born October 16, 1894. 

Hugh DeMont, born March 16, 1899. 

Helen Grace, born April 27, 1903. 




Samuel Bowman 



SAMUEL BOWMAN. 

Samuel Bowman was horn February 4, 1817. Ilis early 
education was obtained at the log school house near their 
home, where the "Western Calculator" and the ''U. S. 
Spelling Book" were the chief text books then used. This 
me-iger, though thoroughly instilled education, was after- 
wards added to by reading, and the habit of close observa- 
tion. When a young man he was engaged in many pur- 
suits under the direction of his father. When the Sandy 
and Beaver canal was built yoang Samuel was a teamser. 
Thus in many ways he developed those habits of industry 
which in after years made him a successful farmer, and a 
wise and usefid citizen. 

On May 4, 1841, Samuel Bowman married Lydia Hester, 
who was the daughter of John and Hannah (Miller) Hester. 
She was born April 6, 1822. 

Samuel and Lydia Bowman after their marriage, located 
upon the eastern portion of the land owned by John J. 
Bowman, where they remained. 

Samuel Bowman was an active, industrious man. Though 
he took great interest in public matters he was not himself 
an aspirant to office. He was especially interested in edu- 
cational matters. He served on the school board of his dis- 
trict for fifteen years, and was one of the promoters of Cold 
Eun academy. He was also greatly interested in progressive 
agriculture. For many years he was a member of the Col- 
umbiana County Agricultural society. In politics he was an 
active Republican. ?Ie was a faithful and charitable mem- 
ber of the Mount Zion Evangelical Lutheran church ever 
since its organization. He held the office of Deacon, and 
afterwards of Elder in the church. 

Samuel Bowman died January 28, 1897, at the age of 80 
years. 

Lydia Bowman died July 5, 1906, aged 84 years. 

Samuel and Lydia Bowman had three children, viz : 
Melancthan. 
Sophia Hannah. 
Amelia Charlotte. 

Melancthan Bowman was born July 8, 1844. He died 
June 8, 1868. 

Sophia H. Bowman was born January 8, 1849. She mar- 

(97) 




Herman McCoy Smiley 
Member Historical Committee 



ried William Ramsey Smiley in 18(j!). lie was the only son 
of Ebenezer Brownlee and Margaret (Sterlinji) Smiley. He 
was born July 23, 1848. He died March 11, 1872. 

The name of their only son is Herman McCoy Smiley, 
born January 20, 1871. 

Sophia Smiley afterwards married William D. Rayl, June 
18, 1895. 

Amelia C. Bowman was born July 16, 1853. She married 
Presley Campbell Pettit, son of John and Mary (Beans) 
Pettit, in 1876. They have two children : 
Ralph Bowman Pettit, born Nov. 19, 1879. 
Ruby Pettit, born December 17, 1881. 

Lydia (Hester) Bownuui, wife of Samuel Bowman, was 
born in Center township, Columbiana county, Ohio, April 6, 
1822. She was the daughter of John and Hannah (Miller) 
Hester. 

' John Hester, jr., was born in Green county, Pennsylvania, 
May 23, 1791. He came to Ohio with his parents in 1807. 
His boyhood was spent in clearing his father's land. When 
a young man he enlisted in the services of the War of 
1812. A company of Pennsylvania soldiers camped upon the 
present site of Mount Zion Lutheran church, about a mile 
from the Hester home. Here two of the soldiers died and 
were buried, being the first graves in what afterwards 
became IMoimt Zion cemetery. The soldiers remained in 
camp^ several days and here John Hester enlisted. The 
company proceeded to the Maumee country, where they 
engaged under General Harrison in fighting the Indians 
throughout the war. At the close of the war he returned 
home. 

John Hester, jr., married Hannah IMiller August 13, 
1818. She was the daughter of Jacol) and Elizabeth IMiller 
and was born in Berks county, Pennsylvania, May 2, 1796. 
John Hester and wife first located at Mohican, Ashland 
county, Ohio, but returned after a few years upon a portion 
of his father's farm. The names of their children are: 
Jacob, born IMay 23, 1819. 
Jesse, born September 13, 1820, died January 24, 1899, aged 

78 years. 
Lydia, born April 6, 1822, died July 5, 1906, aged 84 years. 
Rachel, born November 24, 1823, died November 4, 1879, 

aged 56 years. 
Elizabeth, born February 19, 1826. 

Hannah (Miller) Hester died April 7, 1827, aged 31 years. 
She was buried at St. Jacob's cemetery. 

John Hester afterwards married Elizabeth Miller, Novem- 

(99) 



ber 25, 1827. She was also a daughter of Joeob and Eliza- 
beth Miller and was born April 14, 1804. 

In March, 1854, John Hester and his family moved to 
Williams county, Ohio, and located on a farm near Bryan. 
Here Elizabeth Hester died November 8, 1867, aged 6S 
years. 

John Hester, jr., died in Williams county, Ohio, January, 
1879, and was there buried. 

The names of the children of John and Elizabeth Hester 
are : 

Hannah, born August 29, 1828, died April 5, 1879, aged 51 
years. 

Phoebe, born June 11, 1830. 
George, born December 1, 1831. 
Mary Ann, born June 9, 1833, died September 28, 1847, aged 

14 years. 
Jemima Reed, born October 12, 1835, died January 21, 1902, 

aged 66 years. 
William H. Harrison, born June 21, 1839, died November 20^ 

1897, aged 58 years. 
Martha M., born January 21, 1843. 
John Newton, born July 8, 1848. 

John Hester, sr., was born in Germany February 9, 1763. 
He came to America with his parents when about seven 
years old. The family settled in Green county, Pennsyl- 
vania. John Hester married Elizabeth Mason about 1786. 
She was born March 25, 1766, and was the daughter of 
Martin and Elizabeth (Waite) Mason. He was born in 
1743. He had a remarkable experience as a French pris- 
oner of war during the French and Indian War, an ac- 
count of which is given. 

John Hester was a weaver by trade. He wove coverlets, 
blankets, tablecloths, linen and all the fabrics in use among 
the pioneers at that time. 

About 1807 John Hester and family moved to Ohio and 
located in Center township, Columbiana, county. A farm of 
163 acres was bought, for which he paid $489. The land 
was then a wilderness. Wolves were common in the neigh- 
borhood. Looking out of their cabin door in the evenings 
the shining eyes of these animals were seen peering about 
in the darkness. The forest was soon cleared away and the 
wild animals disappeared. 

John Hester and wife, Elizabeth Mason, raised a family 
of seven children, namely : 
Martin. 

John. ' 

Mathias. , ' ' 

(100) 



Polly. 
Elizabeth. 
Hannah. 
Sarah. 

John Hester died March 19, 1834, aged 71 years. 

Elizabeth Hester, wife of John Hester, died August 8, 
1847, aged 81 years. They are both buried at St. Jacob's 
German Tjutheran church, three miles north of Lisbon, Ohio. 

Jacob 3Iiller, the father of Hannah and Elizabeth Hester, 
was born in Berks county, near Redding, Pennsylvania, 
April 1], 1771. He was a paper maker by occupation, oper- 
ating a mill of his own in Berks county. He married Eliza- 
beth Foutz about 1794. She was born in Berks county, 
Pennsylvania November 7, 1775. 

Jacob Miller and his wife lived for a time in Berks county 
and afterwards moved to Allegheny county, Pennsylvania. 

In 1808 Jacob Miller, his wife and five children, came to 
Ohio and located on a farm of 160 acres in Fairfield town- 
ship, Columbiana county, where the parents remained until 
their death. 

Jacob Miller died July 3, 1834, aged 63 years. 

Elizabeth Miller, his wife, died December 3, 1845, aged 
70 years. They were both buried at St. Jacob's cemetery. 
The following are the names and dates of birth and death 
of the fourteen children of Jacob and Elizabeth Miller : 
Hannah Hester, born May 2, 1796, died April 7, 1827, aged 

31 years. 
John :\riller, born March 23, 1798, died June 11, 1865, aged 

67 year? 
Jacob Miller, born November 19, 1799, died April 27, 1866, 

aged 66 years. 
Mary Simons, born June 26, 1801, died September 4, 1875, 

aged 74 years. 
Abram Miller, born January 14, 1803, died April 18, 1882, 

aged 79 years. 
Elizabeth Hester, born April 14, 1804, died November 8, 

1867, aged 63 years. 

Sarah Keplinger, born September 30, 1806, died May . . . , 

1882, aged 76 years. 
George Miller, born August 20, 1808, died August 12, 1868, 

aged 60 years. 
Phoebe Halverstadt, born , 1810, died March 1, 

1848, aged 38 years. 
Rebecca Halverstadt, born January 29, 1812, died May 24, 

1868, aged 56 years. 

David F. Miller, born February 13, 1814, died February 22, 
1863, aged 49 years. 

(101) 



Lydia Halverstadt, born , 1815, 

Samuel Miller, born November 5, 1817, died. 
Isaac Miller, l)orn January 3, 1819, died 




Joshua Bowman 



Joshua Bowman. 

Joshua Bowman, youngest son of John J. Bowman, was 
born June 21, 1820. His boyhood was spent in attending 
the log school house, and learning under the direction of his 
father. 

December 22, 1847, Joshua Bowman married Lovina 
Jones, who was born October 23, 1822. 

Joshua Bowman resided at his father's house until the 
death of the later in 1864, when the property passed into 
the possession of Joshua. He became very active in busi- 
ness. He acquired a farm of 320 acres. In 1870 hg pur- 
chased a grist mill, located on the Hanover road where it 
crosses Cold Run, and removed it to his farm, near the saw 
mill built by his father many years before. These mills 
became known as Bowman's mills. Steam power was added 
to the flour mill in 1874, and in later years the old and 
tedious up and down sawing machinery was replaced by a 
modern circular one, and steam power also extended from 
the grist mill. 

Joshua and Samuel Bowman and Charles Mason com- 
posed the building committee for the erection of IMount 
Zion Lutheran church in 1844. Joshua Bowman became an 
Elder of this organization, which office he retained until his 
death. 

For eleven years he was an efficient director of the Col- 
umbiana county infirmary, which was located near his home. 

In 1867 Joshua and Samuel Bowman, together with their 
neighbors, Charles M. Miller, Hiram Chandler and John 
Mason, each having sons and daughters who had outgrown 
the advantages of the district school, conceived the idea of 
establishing an advanced school of their own. A building 
upon the land of Joshua Bowman, near the mills, was con- 
verted into a school room. It became known as Cold Run 
Academy. 

William R. Smiley, then an assistant teacher in the Lisbon 
high school, was secured to take charge of the school. On 
April 15, 1867, the school opened with sixteen pupils. This 
term closed July 3, and w^hen the second term opened in the 
fall the number of scholars had increased to fifty; twenty- 
four of whom were foreign students. At the end of the 
year William Smiley resigned his position to become prin- 

(104) 



cipal of the Jjisbon schools. David M. and James R. Carey 
of Salem were then secured to maiiaj^je the school, which 
still continued successful. The last term of the school was 
taught by Ashbell Carey and closed February 25, 1870. It 
closed with a reunion of all the students at Mt. Zion church. 

The course of study having been completed and the mis- 
sion of the school as far as its founders were concerned, 
Cold Run academy was discontinued. In all, there were 
126 students enrolled. 

Joshua Bowman continued his active, enterprising career 
throughout his life. He died May 20, 1893, and was buried 
at Mount Zion church. 

Lovina liownuin died January 11), 1899. 

The following are the names and dates of birth of the 
children of Joshua and Lovina (Jones) Bowman : 
John Jacob, born December 11, 1848, died December 25, 

1848. 
Samuel Stough, born November 14, 1850. 
Margaret Amanda, born May 23, 1853. 
Philip Mossheim, born October 1, 1855. 
James Sloan, born July 22, 1858, died August 23, 1893. 
Edgar Asa, born March 2, 1862. 

Samuel Stough Bowman married Mrs. Lucie Albro 
August 9, 1877. Their home is in Covington, Ky. Their 
children were : 
Lucie Lovina, born May 18, 1878. 

Eugene Shinkle, born April 2, 1883, died August , 1883. 

Lucie Bowman, wife of Samuel S. Bownum, died November 
22, 1883. 

Lucie Lovina Bowman and Dr. Fennimore Roudebush 
were married November 5, 1901. They reside in Covington, 
Ky. Their children are : 
Ruth, born April 2, 1903. 
Lucie May, born January 2, 1907. 

Samuel S. Bowman Married Mrs. Minta Burlingham 
August 5, 1902. 

Margaret A. Bowman married John W. Taylor November 
10, 1875. They live in Alliance, Ohio. The names of their 
children are : 

Carl Rutherford, born November 7, 1876. 
Marie Isadore, born November 15, 1878. 
Abbie Lovina, born March 25, 1882. 
Edgar Bowman, born February 27, 1884. 
Fannie Margaret, born December 2, 1886. 
TIazel Charlotte, born September 21, 1888. 

Philip M. Bowman married Jennie D. Miller November 
21, 1883. They live near Lisbon, Ohio, on the farm belong- 

_, (105) ,;_. 



ing to his father, Joshua, and to his grandfather, John 
Jacob Bowman. The following are the names of the chil- 
dren of Philip M. and Jennie Bowman : 
Cornelius Blaine, born August 18, 1885. 
Helen Marie, born May 4, 1887. 
Margaret Lucy, born February 16, 1891. 
Joshua Galen, born September 25, 1893. 
David Carl, born February 7, 1895. 

Helen M. Bowman and John Home were married Septem- 
ber 20, 1906. They have one child : 
Thelma Lucile Home, bom October 15, 1907. 

James Sloan Bowman married Helen M. Pritchard No- 
vember 8, 1882. Their children were: 
Ralph Whitelaw, born January 5, 1885, died February 4, 

1891. 
Paul Pritchard, bom November 1, 1887, died December 13, 

1888. 

Edgar A. Bowman married Fanny IMatilda Harding May 
28, 1890. They live at Canton, Ohio. They have one daugh- 
ter: 
Ruth, bom September 21, 1891. 



III. 

CHRISTIAN BOWMAN. 

Christian Bowman, second son of Philip Casper and 
Katherine BoAvman, was liorn at Redstone, Fayette county, 
Pennsylvania, January 12, 17S1. lie was raised in Fayette 
county. 

Christian Bowman married Elizabeth Kreager in Fayette 
county about 1802. She was born November 3, 1780. 

Christian Bowman with his wife and one daughter, Sarah, 
came to Ohio with his parents in 180(1 and located on the 
northwest quarter of Section Six, Green township, Mahon- 
ing county (then a part of Cohnnbiana coimty), being a part 
of 640 aer(>s secured by his father in exchange for his pro- 
perty at Kedstone, Pennsylvania. 

The families, of Philip C. Bowman and his sons, Christian 
and Joshua, were among the earliest settlers in Green town- 
ship. 

Christian Bowman was an officer in Captain Thomas 
Keatch's company, first regiment, second brigade, fourth 
division, Ohio INIilitia, organized in Columl)iana county in 
1806. His sword and muster cap are preserved as family 
relics. 

Christian Bowman was for many years a trustee of Green 
township. Records show that he held this office from 1844 
to 1848, former records are lost. 

Christian Bowman was for many years an elder in the 
Presbyterian church of Salem, which was organized by Rev. 
Clement Vallandigham in 1832. 

Christian Bowman died December 18, 1852, aged seventy 
years. lie was buried in the cemetery at Ellsworth, near his 
home. 

Elizabeth Bowman, his wife, died April 15, 1864, aged 
about 83 years. She was buried in the same cemetery. 

Christian and Elizabeth Bowman raised a family of six 
children. The names and dates of ])irth and death are as 
follows: 

Sarah, born July 4, 1805, died May 18, 1891, aged 86 years. 
John Jacob, born April 7, 1807, died September 24, 1871, 

aged 64 years. 
Josiah, born February 12, 1809, died June 10, 1886, aged 

77 years. 

(107) 



Rebecca, born July 16, 1811, died August 25, 1859, aged 48 

years. 
Comfort Christian, born January 28, 1815, died August 20, 

188G, aged 71 years. 
Andrew Philip, ix)rn June 11, 1817, died P^bruary 12, 1888, 

aged 71 years. 




John J. ■ Bowman 




Mrs. John Jacob Bowman 



JOHN JACOB BOWMAN. 

John Jacob Bowman, son of Christian and Elizabeth Bow- 
man, married Caroline Weaver. Thev located near Salem, 
Ohio. 

Caroline Bowman died April 14, 1852, aged 31 years. 
There were no children. 

John J. Bowman afterwards married Elizabeth Ilyat. 

John Jacob BoAvman died September 24, 1871, aged 64 
years. lie was l^iried in the Ellsworth cemetery. 

Elizabeth (Ilyat) Bowman, after the death of her hns- 
band, John J. Bowman, married Morrison Justice. 




Mrs. Sarah K. Bowman 




Josiah Bowman 



JOSIAH BOWMAN. 

Josiah Bowman, son of Christian and Elizalx'th (Krea^'er) 
Bowman, was born in Green township, .Mahoning connty, 
Ohio, February 12, 1809. He married Sarah K. Strawn May 
31, 1888. She was born September 25, 1814. They k)cated 
in Goshen township-, JMahonino- connty. He was commis- 
sioner of Colunmbiana connty from 1842 to 1844. 

Josiah Bowman died Jnne 10, 1886, aged 77 years. 

Sarah K. Bowman died September 6, 1899, aged 85 years. 

They were both l)nried at Ellsworth, Oliio. 

To them were born five children as follows: 
Allan S., born March 8, 1839. 
Elizabeth K., born March 7, 1842. 
Ann Eliza, born March 10, 1844. 
Amelia, l)orn October 3, 1846. 
Jefferson Dallas, born May 2, 1850. 

Allan S. Bowman married Sarah Ann Lower October 22, 
1861. They live in Goshen townshi]), ^Tahoning connty, O. 
They have one son : 
Josiah Dallas, born April 22, 1865. 

He married Mand L. Cramer October 6, 1887. Mand 
Cramer was born INlarch 12, 1867. 

Elizabeth K. Bowman married Isaac Ilarklebrod ]\Iarch 
18, 1866. He was born April 3, 1833, and died March 20,. 
1870. Elizabeth K. (Bowman) Ilarklebrod then married 
David C. Wilson of Paijiesville, Ohio. David C. Wilson died 
and Elizabeth K. (Bowman) Wilson afterward married 
Joseph Pigman Cessna Jnne 31, 1885. Joseph P. Ces.sna was 
born September 29, 1825, and died Octoboer 9, 1904. They 
lived at Canfield, Ohio. There were no children. Elizabeth 
K. Cessna now resides in Salem, Ohio. 

Ann Eliza Bowman married Robert Asa Manchester Oc- 
tober 14, 1861. He was born Angnst 13, 1838. Their home 
is at Canfield, Ohio. The names of their children are: 
Seymour 0., born September 24, 1862. 
Clemmet L. V., born January 16, 1864. 
Sarah Elanor, born November 3, 1866. 
Josiah I., liorn February 9, 1868. 
Allen A., born November 27, 1876. 

Seymour 0. Manchester married Elizabeth Blocksom 
August 21, 1889. She was born August 12, 1871. They 
live at Niles, Ohio. Their children are: 

(116) 




Allen S. Bowman 




Seymour O. Manchester 
Member of Historical Committee. 




Mrs. Josiah Bowman 



Roy Earl, born June 27, 1890. 
Carl C, born August 25, 1892. 
Sarah, born JMarch 15, 1898. 

Roy Earl Manchester died November 8, 1895. 

Clennnet L. V, IManchester married Mary Lower May 22, 
1890. They live at Canfield, Ohio. Their children are : 
Warren Lower, born February 8, 1891. 
John Robert, born September 7, 1894. 
Fern Odessa, born August 13, 1901. 
Mabel Ruth, born December 12, 1906. 

Sarah E. Manchester married Clement L. Tate October 7, 
1886. He was born August 7, 1863. They live at Canfield, 
Ohio. Their children are : 

Robert Allen, born July 26, 1888, died September 8, 1908. 
Myrtle Jennie, born February 20, 1890, died September 5, 

1890. 
Thalia N., born August 15, 1891. 
Clara Sarah, born April 26, 1894. 
Clementine Elizabeth, born March 4, 1897. 
Jennings Bryan, born July 3, 1899. 
Owen Leroy, born December 30, 1901. 

Robert Allen Tate enlisted in the U. S. navy May 17, 1908. 
He contracted typhoid fever and died September 8, 1908, 
and was buried in Honolula. 

Josiah I. Manchester married Gertrude Stille, June 10, 
1894. She was born December 12, 1877. They live at Can- 
field, Ohio. The names of their children are : 
Harry S., born September 2, 1895. 

Elizabeth, born October 13, 1899, died November 3, 1899. 
Robert A., born December 19, 1901. 
Ann Eliza, born August 9, 1906. 

Allan A. Manchester married Lulu Spalding, September 25, 
1899. She was born October 26, 1879. They live at Can- 
field, Ohio. The names of their children are : 
Charlotte, born June 7, 1901. 
Pearl J., born November 11, 1902. 

Amelia Bowman married Edward J. Burgett January 21, 
1864. He was born December 6, 1839. They live near Sa- 
lem, Ohio. They have one daughter, Sarah M. Burgett, born 
February 16, 1867. 

Sarah M. Burgett married Orrin Cook November 27, 1884. 
Orrin Cook was born January 15, 1862. 

Jefferson Dallas Bowman married Jane L. Boyer Decem- 
ber 5, 1868. She was born December 24, 1850. Their chil- 
dren were : 

Ralph J., born January 27, 1870. 
Elizabeth A., born August 23, 1874. 

(120) 



Inez Fjffie, horn October 30, 187G. 

Ral})h J. Bowman married Bertlia Dui,''aii March 11, 1S!)7. 
They live in Berlin township. Tliev have two chihlren : 
Pearl, born July 24, 1903. 
Blanch, born January 8, 1906. 

Elizabeth A. Bowman married Robert IMcClellan August 
21, 1902. She was born August 23, ,1874. They live at 
Mogadore. They have two children: 
Earl B. IMcClellan, born July 21, 1903. 
Waldo McClellan, born September 22, 1906. 

Inez E. l^owman married Homer Phillis November 4, 
1889. She was born January 30, 1878. 

Jane J. Bowman, wife of Jefferson D. Bowman, died Dec. 
24, 18G8. 

Jetferson D. Bowman then married Mrs. Flora M. (Pero) 
Young ]\Iay 19, 1892. She was born November 14, 18G0. 
Their children are : 

Effie, born December 26, 1893, died October 7, 1896. 
Frederick Cyrus, born December 16, 1896. 
Forest Pero," born March 1, 1899. 




Noah Stanley 




Mrs. Sarah B. Stanley 



SARAH BOWMAN STANLEY. 

Sarah liowinan, dauuliter of Christian and Elizabeth 
(Krea,uer) Bowman, was born in Fayette eountv, Peinisvi- 
vania, .July 4,. 1805. She was brouiilit to Ohio in 1806 with 
her pai-ents and was raised in i\l-dioninu- connty. 

Sarah Ijownian married Noah Stanlev December "i-"). 18"!6. 
Xoah Stank'v was born September 10, 180-'}. Thev lived neir 
Lordstown, Trumlmll eonntv, Ohio. 

Noah Stanlev died Jnne 1-1-, 1873, aged 70 years. 

Sarah Stanley die 1 aiav 18, 1891, aged S6 years. 

The names of the children of Noah and ^Tary Stanley a*'e 
MS follows : 

Eli/.a JMary, born September 19, 18:!7. 
Samanthi Ann, born Jnne 30, 1829, died Jannary 18, 1836, 

aged 7 years. 
Rebecca Jane, born September 14, 1830. 
Elizabeth L., born September 22, 1832, died December 10. 

1856. 
Olive I\[,, born February 20, 1834. 
Josiah I'owman, born March 1, 1836. 
Marvd DeEtte, l)orn Jannarv 11, 1840. 
Sarah Ann, born Jnne 29, 1813, died March 14, 1814, age 1 

1 vear. 

Rebecca Jane Stanley, danghter of Noah an;l S-u'ali Dow- 
man Stanley, married Rev. ITarvey A. Amrine February 26, 
1856. She died Jannary 24, 1863 The names (^f their chil- 
dren are as follows: 
N>n'a DeEtte, born .March 1, 1857, die 1 :\raycli 1, 1858, age 1 

1 year. 
Olive Stanley, born December 19, 1858. 

Olive Stanley Amrine married Robert 11. Wilson .Alarcli 
15, 1877. Their children are: 
Josiah Stanley Wilson, born September 13, 1878. 
Alma Rebecca Wilson, born November 10, 1895. 

Elizabetli L. Stanley, daughter of Noah and Sarah Bow- 
man Stanley, married Sanders D. Johnson April 2, 1857. 
They lived for some years near Warren, Ohio, but after- 
ward moved to DeQueen, Arkansas. Sanders D. Johnson 
died there December 22, 1899. The names and dates of birth 
of their children are : 
Cora Adell, boi-n December 26, 1857. 

(124) 



S;ir;ili. hni'ii I<\'l»fi:;ii-\ IT), lS(i(), die;! .Iiinc 17. lS(i;{. 

I'.(M-t. horn M;iy !), 1S().S. 

Addic W. hoiMi S('])t(Mnber 8, 1805. 

Lillic A., horn Fchniary 8, 18G7. 

Sanders D., horn March 2;"), ISKi, died Fchi-iiary 1*1. 1S77. 

Cora A. -lohiisoii iiiarriiMl (icoruc K. Krcilh'i- .lanuai'\' 22. 
1885. 

Bert Johnson inari'ied Mae newdett of ()iii:dia. Ivaiisas. 
Pehrnary 10, 18!)7. Tludr children are: 
Bert, horn daiiuai-y (i, 1898, died Anj^-nst 1:5, 1808. 
TTarlein DeWitt, horn December 14, IHO-'i. 

Addie V. Johnson married Charles Kdwin Rose of Kan- 
sas Citv, ]Miss')uri, November 25, 1897. They have one son: 
Bert F. Rose, born December 5, 1898. 

Lidic^ A. r[:)hns(tn married Frank B. TToff of Olatlia, Kan 
sas, October 3, 1889. Their chihlicn are: 
Elton E., born October 27, 1890. 
Clarence B., born August 28. 1893. 

Olive M. Stanley, dausihter of Noah and Sarah Staidey, 
married William Wiley at Warren, Ohio. November 23, 
18fi4. He was l;orn Jamiary 3, 1816. 

Olive M. Wih'y died December 14, 1876, aged 42 years. 

William Wiley died September 2, 1899, as^vd S:] years. 

The followinu' are th(^ names and dates (d' l)irtli of their 
children : 

Gertrude Blanch, born ^h\y 24, 1866. 
Laura DeEtte, born May 20, 1870. 
William M. Stanley, born July 15, 18(4, died January 10, 

1876. 

Josiah Bowman Staidey, son of Noah and Sarah Bowman 
Stanley, married Laura A. Hawkins Oetolx'r 9, 1861. The 
names of their children are: 
Elmer H., born September 2, 1862. 
N. Thad, born October 5, 1866. 

Laura A. Stanley, wife of Josiah B. Staidey, died Feb- 
ruary 22, 1871. 

Josiah B. Stanley married ]\Iartha A. Hawkins January 
1, 1872. Their children are : 
Laura Irma, born June 25, 1875. 
Sarah Ulva, born February 4, 1877. 
Jay Williams, born July 13, 1881. 

Martha A. Stanley, second wife of Josiah B. Stanley, 
died September 26, 1884. 

Josiah B. Staidev married Jane S. ]\rathersy)autih January 
22, 1887. 

Elmer H. Stanley married Flora Y. Neise August 10, 1886. 
Their children are : 

(125) 



Laura Margaret, born February 2, 1899. 
Irma Lucile, born July 9, 1891. 

Elmer II. Stanley died July 22, 1891. 

N. Thad Stanley married Mary E. Fagley October 19, 
1891. They live in Butte, Montana. They have one child : 
Mildred Leone, born June 23, 1893. 

Sarah U. Stanley married Arthur L. Cope April 4, 1900. 

Jav William Stanley married Sarah Lillian Stackhouse 
September 4, 1902. 

Maria DeEtte Stanley, daughter of Noah and Sarah Bow- 
man Stanley, married Levosier E. Hawkins October 16, 
1860. Their home is at Berlin Center, Mahoning county, 
Ohio. 

Levosier E. Hawkins was born November 10, 1838, and 
died January 28, 1895. 

The names and dates of birth of their children are as fol- 
lows : 

Myra Ola, born November 5, 1861. 
Rossean Stanley, born September 10, 1864. 
Homer T., born September 6, 1869. 
Dora B., born June 5, 1871. 
La Rue E., born March 3, 1873. 
Hettie DeEtt, born March 5, 1875. 

Myra 0. Hawkins married Dr. William Franklin Carson 
April 6, 1886. They live at Berlin Center, Ohio. Their chil- 
dren are : 

Lamphair J., born June 9, 1891. 
Honor Gay, born April 8, 1896. 

Rossean S. Hawkins married Lenora Leonard April 16, 
1885. They live at Berlin Center, Ohio. Their children 
are : 

Clyde, born IMarch 17, 1888. 
Helen J., born September 12, 1894. 
Earl R., born May 27, 1898. i 

Merl, born , died 

Lyla, born December 29, 1901, died 

Homer T. Hawkins married Laura Fulwiler December 24, 
1896. He is a dentist of Canfield, Ohio. Their children are : 
Lucile DeEtte, born July 3, 1898. 
Ralph D., born November 20, 1899. 

Dora B. Hawkins married Rev. Alfred Clark Wetmore, a 
Methodist minister, August 23, 1892. 

L^ue E. Hawkins married I\Iary O'Neil June 5, 1895. 
They live at Berlin Center, Ohio. Their children are : 
Carl Vivian, born February 22, 1899. 
Linn Edson, born February 24, 1901. 

Hettie DeEtte Hawkins married Adelbert Barb October 

(126) 



29, 1896. Their home is at Bristolville, Ohio. Their children 

are: 

Homer DeWitt, boru April 10, 1899. 

Stanley Norton, born April 10, 1901. 



REBECCA BOWMAN FITCH. 

Rcbeccn liowman, danjihter of (Christian and Elizabetli 
Bowman, w;is born July 16, 1811. Slie married Ilenrv Fitcli 
March 11, 1829. Henry Fitch was born March 2'i, 1807. 
Rebecca Howman Fitch died Ant;nst 2(5, 1859. Henry Fitch 
died ]\ray 14, 1878. To them were born twelve children as 
follows: 

Horace A., boi-ii January 1, 1830, died March...., 1831. 
Sarah M., born Ansust 25, 1831, died January 2(i. 1899. 
Cvrus A., born June 28, 1833. 
Charles C, l)orn March 1, 1835. 

Lucy A., born May 7, 1837, died 

Elizabeth E., born Auj^'ust 6, 1839. 

Rebecca kS., born February 3, 1842, died Api-il 1, 1890. 

Laura A., born June 6, 1844, died 

Mary B., born November 17, 1846. 

Henrv B., born April 19, 1849, died September , 1849. 

Ellis B., born December 10, 1851. 

Albert XL, Ijorn December 19, 1854, died September...., 

1892. 

Sarah M. Fitch married John Durr December 4, 1862. 

Cyrus A. Fitch married Eunice Haskins January, 1869. 
The names of their children are : 
Lillian Fitch. 
Mabel Fitch. 
Earl Fitch. 
Ethel Fitch (deceased). 

Charles C. Fitch married Hattie Fames August 19, 1871. 
They have two children: 
Claude Fitch. 
Alice Fitch. 

Lucy A. Fitch married Barton Wriiiht October, 1865. 
They have one daughter : 
Carrie. 

Carrie Wright married Jerry Pierce. 

Elizabeth E. Fitch married J. G. Cornell March, 1869. 

Rebecca S. Fitch married Henry S. Case December 16, 
1860. To them were born seven children, namely: 
Ernest Case, born February 17, 1862. 
Ethelbert Case, born June 24, 1864. 
Edith Case,' born April 14, 1866. 

(128) 



Gordon Case, born February 20, 1870. 
Mable Case, born September 17, 1872. 
Julia Case, born April 18, 1874. 
riattie Case, ])orn Aug'ust 10, 1878. 

Earnest Case married Jessie Sanderson December 25, 
1882. They have three children : 
Lillian Case, born ^\i^y 20, 1881. 
Lizzie Case, born February, 1886, died September 

1900. 
Marion Case, born January 9, 1888. 

Jessie S. Case died October 21, 1891, and Ernest Case 
afterwards married Clydie Broadwell Septtanber 3, 1899. 
To them were born three children : 
Martha Case, born January 10, 190L 
Maybelle Case, born SeiUeiiiber 4, 1!)0;5. 
Earl Leroy Case, boi-n September 11, 1908. 

Ethelbert Case married Cordelia Jones November 20, 
1886. They have two children: 
Bert Case, born April 7, 1892. 
Nettie Case, born February 20, 1902. 

Edith Case never married. She died January 5, 1885. 

Gordon Case married Addie Elletliorp May 11, 1898. She 
died September 20, 1895, and Gordon nl'terward married 
Aura Taylor September 4, 1902. They have one child: 
Gwendolyn Case, born July 5, 190. .. 

Maybelle Case married William Sipj) April 15, 1895. They 
have no children. 

Julia Case never mai-ried. She died ()ctol)er 26, 1890. 

Hattie Case married John Gordon November 18, 1896. 
John Gordon was born September 7, 1860. Thvy have two 
children : 

Harry S. Gordon, born October 31, 1897. 
Lola Ruth Gordon, born April 17, 1906. 

Laura A. Fitch married Albert T. DeLong June 15, 1868. 
They have three children : 
Elizabeth. 
Winnie. 
Willie. 

Mary B. Fitch married Charles Parmenter December 25, 
1873. Their children are : 
Mary. 
Hattie. 

Ellis B. Fitch married Frnnkie Allen January 7, 1874 
They have three children: 
Harry. 
Eddie. 
Gertrude. 

(129) 



Albert H. Fitch married Flora Berry November, 1875. 
They have one child : 
Bert. 




Comfort C. Bowman 




Mrs. Susanna Rinehart Bowman 



COMFORT CHRISTIAN BOWMAN. 

Comfort Christian Bowman, son of Christian and Eliza- 
beth (Kreager) Bowman, was born in Green township, Ma- 
honing county, Ohio, January 28, 1815. 

Comfort C. and Susannah B. Rinehart were married Octo- 
ber 20, 1852. She was the daughter of Solomon and Eliza- 
beth (Bowman) Rinehart. Solomon Rinehart was bom 
July 17, 1802, died February 11, 1879. He was the son of 
Rev. John and Susan (Toge) Rinehart of Somerset, Jeffer- 
son county. Elizabeth (Bowman) Rinehart was born Jan- 
uary 27, 1808, and was the daughter of John Jacob and 
Charlotte (Stough) Bowman. 

The following are the names and dates of birth of the 
children of Comfort C. and Susannah Bowman : 
Olive Charlotte, born July 21 1853. 
John Jacob, born October 30, 1854. 
Comfort Ellis, born April 3, 185G. 
Mary Elizabeth, born September 24, 1858. 
Laura Bell, born September 15, 1860. 
Florence Adda, born December 29, 1862. 
Sarah Delta, born June 5, 1865. 
Minnie Soto, born December 20, 1867. 
Nova Hart, born October 16, 1873. 

Olive C. Bowman was born July 21, 1853. She married 
John S. ]\Iathews April 20, 1872. He was born September 
1, 1847. They live at Canfield, Ohio. The names of their 
children are : 

Viola Virginia, born January 25, 1873. 
Emory Ernest, born February 28, 1874, died March 28, 

189(3. 
Covell Comfort, born October 23, 1876. 
Laura Bell, born September 17, 1879. 
Ella Evaline, born August 20, 1881. 
Francis Sylvester, born March 15, 1883, died October 17, 

1883. 
Homer Howard, born August 20, 1884. 
Lee, born January 23, 1886, died February 5, 1887. 
Jesse, born January 3, 1888, died December 20, 1889. 
Mary Edith, born August 6, 1889. 
Roy John, born June 1, 1892. 

Viola V. Mathews married Amos Leslie Bardo February 
17, 1892. They have one daughter: 

(134) 



Olive Charlotte Bardo, born August 11, 1893. 

Q-,'^!"on7 E^^M'-ithews married Marion Esther Auld March 

dl, 1891 They live near Ellsworth. They have twin sons: 

Faul John, born March 12, 1901. 

Glen Robert, born March 12, 1901. 

Laura B. Mathews married Horace Clay January 16 1900 
They live at Canfield, Ohio.. They have one daui?hter- 
Beatrice, born October 17, 1900. 

John J. Bowman (single) resides near Ellsworth, Ohio 
17 1?^^^* ^^^^^ Bowman married Fanny Manchester March 
17, ISbt. They live near Ellsworth, Ohio. They have one 
son : 

Hugh. 

Mary Elizabeth Bowman resides at Salem, Ohio. 

Laura Bell BoAvman married William Wi'lcoxen January 
22, 1889. He was born June 6, 1865. They live near Pierce 
Stark county, Ohio. Their children are: 
Arthur G., born September 22, 1891. 
Minnesota, born July 4, 1893. 
Hannah Ritchie, born February 18, 1900. 
Margaret Rebecca, born Februarv 18, 1900. 
Charles Ross, born July 3, 1902. 

Florence Ada Bowman married David A. Allen He was 
born September 7, 1859. They live at Ellsworth, Ohio. They 
have one son: 
Charles, born August 15, 1888. 

Sarah Delta Bowman resides at Taft, Ga. 

Minnie Soto Bowman lives at Taft, Ga. 

Nova Hart Bowman married Union Tavlor. He was l)orn 
August 21, 1861. They live at Goshen,' Ohio. Their chil- 
dren are : 

William Comfort, born February 19, 1895. 
Georgia, born January 24, 1897. 
Marshal McDonald, born February 28 1900 
Mary, born March 28, 1903. 




Andrew P. Bowman 




Mrs. Margaret Bowman 



ANDREW PHILIP BOWMAN. 

Andrew Philip Bowman, son of Christian and Elizabeth 
(Kreager) Bowman, was born in Green township, Mahoning 
<-ounty, Ohio, Jnne 11, 1817. Andrew P. Bowman and 
Margkret Bnsh were married May 12, 1849. Margaret 
Bush was born November 5, 1829. They located ni Goshen 
township, Mahoning county. 

Andrew P. Bowman died February 12, lb88, aged 71 
years. Their children were as follows: 
Comfort Christian, born January 24, 1850. 
Rebecca, born July 9, 1852. 
Morris Emerson, born May 4, 1856. 

Comfort C. Bowman married Mary Bare August IS, 
1871. They live near Ellsworth, Ohio. They have three 
daughters, namely : 
Cora DeEtte, born May 18, 1873.^ 
Edna Florence, born June 21,-1875. 
Jessie Duglass, born December 20, 1882. ^ oq 

Cora D. Bowman married James Ilardmg November 2S, 

1894 

Edna F. Bowman married Lee B. Bingham June 21, 1899. 

They have one son: 

Richard James Bingham, born November -30, 1900. _ 

Rebecca Bowman married Ben j amine L. Manchester De- 
cember 25, 1873. They live near Ellsworth, Ohio. Ihe 
names of their children are : ^ -, o-n 

Nora E. Manchester, born November 16, 18/9. 
Sarah Margaret Manchester, born April 3, 1884. 
Hazel L. Manchester, born March 11, 1890. 

Nora E. Manchester married Frank H. Wdliams Decem- 
ber 10, 1903. ^ o ^ 1 o- 

Morris E Bowman married Nanna Lower September zo, 
1877. They live near Ellsworth, Ohio. They have one son : 
Clyde, born February 16, 1881. ^ -.nnr^ 

Clyde Bowman married Effie O'Diehl December 6, 1905. 
Effie O'Diehl was born July 13, 1884. 



IV. 

JOSHUA BOWMAN. 

Joshnn Rownian, son of Philip Casper and Katy Bow- 
man was born in Fayette county, Pennsylvania, March 9, 
1787. He came to Ohio when a youn^- man with his parents 
in 1806. Joshua Bowman married Mary Reed of Canfield 
about 1812. She was born December 15," 1708. They located 
upon a part of section six, Green township, Columbiana 
county (now a part of Mahoning county, Ohio). For many 
years they conducted a tavern. 

Joshua Bowman died April 16, 1860, aged 73 years. 
IMary Reeil Bowman died September 20, 1888, aged 90 

years. They were both buried in a private graveyard'^in* the 

orchard on their farm. They raised a family of eight children 

as follows : 

Lucinda, born July 28, 1814. 

Asher, born May 29, 1819. 

John J., born February 18, 1824, died July 31, 1848, aged 
24 years. 

Rachel, born April 1, 1827. 

Christian F., born November 2, 1829, died March 27 1888 

Annetta, born April 18, 1885. 

Joshua, born January 18, 1888. 



LUCINDA (BOWMAN) MARTIN. 

Lucinda Bowman, daughter of Joshua and Mary Reed 
Bowman, was born near Ellsworth, IMahoning county, Ohio, 
July 23, 1814. She married William Martin in 1885.' Wil- 
liam Martin Avas born at Antram, Ireland. They lived in 
Knox township, (now Butler township,), Columbiana coun- 
ty, Ohio. William Martin died June 11, 1866. Lucinda 
(Bowman) Martin died August 10, 1899, aged 85 years. 

To William and Lucinda Martin were born four" children 
as follows : 
Sarah Ann, born June 20, 1836. 

(139) 



John, born Ang'ust 5, 1830. 
Joshua R., born May 7, 1843. 
Johnathan C, born June 8, 1847. 

Sarah Ann Martin married Hunter Clark March 31, 1859. 
Their home was in Deerfield township, Portage county, Ohio. 
Thev had one son : 
Marion H. Chirk, born March 4, 1860. 

Marion H. Clark married Ella Shelliday April 20, 1882. 
They live at Edinburg, Portage county, Ohio. They have 
one daughter : 
Mattie May, born July 2, 1887. 

John Martin married Margaret Patterson in 1864. They 
had no children. 

Joshua R. Martin married Mary Ellen Allen. They lived 
for some years in Butler township, Columbiana county, 
Ohio, and then moved to Nashville, Tenn. They have three 
children : 
Lucinda D. 
William A. 
Elmer L. 

These children are all married and have families. Elmer 
L. Martin lives at Tola, Grimes county, Texas. ]\Iary Ellen 
Martin died January 3, 1873. 

Jonathan C. Martin married Elizabeth A. Siple May 7, 
1874. She was born December 19, 1858. Their home is at 
Salem, Ohio. They have one son : 
Ralph J., born September 2, 1883. 

Ralph J. ]\Iartin married Mary A. Price July 2, 1902. 
They have one child : 
Ethel Irene, born August 26. 1903. 



ASHER R. BOWMAN. 

Asher R. Bowman, son of Joshua and Mary (Reed) Bow- 
man, was born May 29, 1819. He first married Mary Ellen 
Cluts. There were no children. IMary Ellen Bowman died 
and Asher R. Bowman then married Susann jMiller of IMini- 
roe county, Ohio. They located in Goshen township, Mahon- 
ing county. The names of their children are as follows : 
Mary Eleanor, born December 13, 1843. 
Sacharissa, born March 7, 1848. 
Joshua Franklin, born September 2, 1851. 
Roxina Francis, born January 3, 1854. 
Isadora, born Janiuiry 13, 1856. 
Christian Walter, born August 12, 1859. 



(140) 



Mary Eleanor Bowiiuiii married John A (Jreenamyer 
October 4, 1871. They live in Leetonia, Ohio. Their chil- 
dren are : 

Mary Violette, born Mny 27, 1872. 
Eva Susan, born IMarcli "30, 1874. 
Merl Reade, born Auo-nst 19, 1886. 

Mary V. Greenamyer married (nydo R. Shonts. They 
live at Leetonia, Ohio. They have one son : 
Donald, born ^Jnne 7, 1897. 

Sacharissa Bowman married John W. Arnold October 20 
1869. They live at Los Angeles, California. 

Their children are : 
Burronis C, born July 21, 1870. 
Elmer B., born October 13, 1871. 
Frank N., born February 15, 1874. 
Don E., born July 23, 1882. 

Burrouis E. Arnold married Carrie Wvet October 20 
1892. They live at Los Angeles, California.' They 'have one 
son : 

Leonardo B., born Setember 23, 1894. 

Carrie Arnold died and Burrouis afterward married 
Florence Green April, 1900. 

Josliua Franklin Bowman married Sarah C Ilartman 
March 25, 1879. They live at Paris, Ohio. 

Their children are : 

William Francis, born March 6, 1880. 

Elg-ie E., born June 3, 1881. 

Susanna L., born January 25, 1883. 

Maggie E., born August 14, 1885. 

Robert Franklin, born December 30, 1901. 

William F. Bowman married Marv Davis Jaiuiarv 26 
1905. ' ' 

Susanna L. Bowman married Ralph Conrad December 17 
1902. They live at Homeworth, Ohio. 

Their children are : 
Florence, born Mav 17, 1904. 
Ethel, born IVIay 30, 1905. 

Roxina F. Bowman married J. H. Johnson February 2, 

1881. 

Their children are : 
Susanna, born November 10, 1881. 
James, born December 23, 1885. 
Frederick J., born December 22, 1894. 

J. H. Johnson died February' 28, 1903. Their family re- 
side at Cleveland, Ohio. 

Isadora Bowman married Seth Moore July 1, 1876 They 
live near Salem, Ohio. 



Their cliiUlren are: 
George A., born December 1, 1878. 
Melbourne D., born December '.M, 1883. 
Mary M., born July 9, 1890. 

George A IMoore married Dkmclie Freed November 22, 
1902. 



RACHEL (BOWMAN) FOUTZ. 

Rachel Bowman, daughter of Joshua and Mary (Reede) 
Bowman, was born in Green township, Mahoning county, 
Ohio, April 1, 1827. Rachel Bowman and Joshua Foutz were 
married February 13, 1873. Joshua Foutz was born April 
15, 1835, and died April 27, 1893. Their home was near 
Ellsworth, Ohio. There were no children. Rachel Font/, 
resides at New London, Huron county, Ohio. 



CHRISTIAN F. BOWMAN. 

Christian F. Bowman, son of Joshua and Mary (Reed) 
BoAvman, was born in Green township, Mahoning county, 
Ohio, N()veml)er 2, 1829. 

Christian F. Bowman married Martha Webb about 1852. 
They located in Goshen township, ^lahoning county. Chris- 
tian' F. l^owman died ^larch 27, 1888. 

The names and dates of birth of their children are as fol- 
lows : 

Rosa D., born December 1-1, 1854. 
Clara M., born August 3, 1856. 
Charles D., born March 6, 1862. 
Mary L., born August 16, 1868. 
Anna Bell, born August 28, 1871. 
Ada A., born February 27, 1876. 

Rosa D. Bowman married John Miller. They reside in 
Salem, Ohio. 

Their children are : 
George Howard, born January 22, 1876. 
Anna Rachel, born October 24, 1882. 
Esther Francis, born December 22, 1883. 
John Grover, born June 20, 1887. 




Mrs. Rachel Miller McConnell 
Member of Historical Committee. 



Emily Louise, born June 27, 1890. i 

Abel' Ross, born July 21, 1901. | 

George Howard Miller married Katie Wilms Ilollobaugh i 

August 14, 1902. They reside near Salem, Ohio. ; 

They have one son : 

Cornelius Hamilton, born June 9, 1902. I 

Anna Rachel IMiller married Waldo McConnell, Septem- ] 

ber 19, 1907. Their address is 1932, Lithgow Ave., Alle- I 
gheny. Pa. 

Clara M. Bowman married Henry Stallsmith. They had 
two children, the elder dying in infancy, and : 

Merl, born 1900. " I 

Charles D. Bow^man married Mary C. Durr December 31, 

1882. Mary C. Durr was born July 20, 1861. They live j 

near Ellsworth, Ohio. j 

Their children are : > 

Helen S., born Februarv 6, 1887. j 

Hershel F., born June 6,'l889. \ 
Noble Glenn, born August 18, 1893. 

Byron J., born October 30, 1897. | 

Helen S. Bowman married James Baird. i 

]\Iary L. Bowman married Joseph Cronick. They live near 
Ellsworth, Ohio. 

Their children are : '] 

Odessa. \ 
Myron. 

Anna Bell Bowman married Ensign Knauf. They have j 

two children : j 

Albert Ensign, born Februarv 2, 1904. " ( 

Theda Belle, born November 22, 1906. 1 

Ada A. Bowman married Harvey Eakin. Their home is at ■ 
Salem, Ohio. 



ANNETTA (BOWMAN) WEBB. 

Annetta R. Bowman, daughter of Joshua jiiul Mary 
(Reed) Bowman, was born in Green township, Mahoning 
county, Ohio, April 1, 1832. 

Annetta R. Bowman and R. Stanton Wel>b were married 
February 2, 1854. Their residence is at Alliance, Ohio. To 
them were born two children: 
Narcissa E. Webb, born November 23, 1851. 
Emer B. Webb, born July 22, 1861. 

Narcissa E. Webb and William K. Fogg were married 
July 4, 1871. Their home is at Alliance, Ohio. To them were 
born three children : 

Bertha E. Fogg, born November 2, 1872. 
Infant, born April, 1896, died in infancy. 
Narcissa Webb Fogg, died April 12, 1896. 



EMILY BOWMAN HOWARD. 

Emily Bowman, daughter of Joshua and Mary (Polly) 
Reede Bowman, was born in Green township, Mahoning 
county, Ohio, April 28, 1835. Emily Bowman married Solo- 
mon Van R. Howard February 2, 1885. S. V. R. Howard was 
born September 3, 1817, and died April 5, 1895. There were 
no children of their marriage. Emily B. Howard resides at 
New London, Huron county, Ohio. 



JOSHUA BOWMAN. 

Joshua Bowman, son of Joshua and Mary (Reede) Bow- 
man, was born in Green township, Mahoning county, Ohio, 
January 28, 1838. 

Joshua Bowman married Susan Webb. They located at 
Baird, Texas. 

Their children are : 
Cyrus A., born February 27, 1876. 
Warren. 
Alice A. 

Alice A. Bowman married Samuel A. Durr. 



V. 

KEZIAH (BOWMAN) WEBB. 

Keziah Bowman, daughter of Philip Casper and Katy 
(Fast) Bowman, was born in Fayette county, Pennsylva-ia, 
in 1788. She came to Ohio with lier parents in 1806. She 
married James Webb of Green township, Mahoning county. 
James Webb was born in 1782. They k)cated near Green 
viUage, where they remained throughout their lives. 

Keziah (l^owman) Webb died September 2, 1857, in the 
(j*Jth year of her age. 

James Webb died April 15, 1863, aged 81 years and six 
months. They were buried at the cemetery at Green village. 

To James and Keziah Webb were born nine children as 
follows : 

Elizabeth Webb, born November 15, 1810. 
Joshua Webb, born August 13, 1812. 
Emily Sophrona Webb, born September 11, 1814. 
Vilores Calvin Webb, born February 9, 1816. 
Laura Amanda Webb, born July 5, 1818. 
Albert W. Webb, born September 9, 1822. 
Jason E. Webb, born October 9, 1824. 
Lovern B. (James) Webb, born July 20, 1829. 

The following is a brief account of the descendants of 
James and Keziah (Bowman) Webb: 

Elizabeth AVebb married Robert Glass. They live in 
Indiana. Their children are : 
Daniel. 
Melvina. 
Samantha. 

Joshua Webb married Mary Lucas. They had two chil- 
dren : 
Cynthia. 
Elizabeth. 

Jennie Webb married Dr. Culver of Indianaoolis, Ind. 
They have two children : 
Isaah. 
Jennie. 

Emily Sophrona Webb married Charles B. Haines. Their 
children are : 
Melvina. 



Samantha. 
Sophronia. 
Matilda. 

Vilores Cnlviii Webb inarried Susan Deitricli. Their chil- 
dren are as follows: 
Lewis. 
John. 
Matilda. 
Alford. 

Laura Amanda Webb married Jonathan llilliard. Their 
home was near Salem, Ohio. Their children are • 
Mary A. 
Edward. 
Samantha. 

Jonathan Ililiard died and Laura A. (Webb) Hiliard 
married Job Joyce. They have one son: 
Elwood Joyce of Brijihton, N. J. 

Albert W. Webb married Millicent IlilUartl. Thev had 
two chil(h-en who died in infancy, and one son : 
Joshua Webb, who lives near Salem. 

Jason E. Webb married Rebecca Cook. Their children 
are : 
Louisa. 
Ellen. 

Curtis and (^uintus (twins). 
Serada. 
IMilton. 
Dewese. 

Lovern B. Webb married Sarah A. Hyatt. They lived near 
Salem, Ohio. The names of their children are : 
Lizzie. 
Lamphear. 
Clark. 
Alice. 
Charles. 

Samantha A. Webb married John Lewis. They had two 
sons and one daughter: 
Jacob (deceased). 
John. 
Samantha W. (deceased). 




Emily S. Webb Haines 



EMILY SOPHRONIA (WEBB) HAINES. 

Emily Sophronia Webb, daughter of James and Kesuih 
(J.owman Webb, was born near Greeuvillage, Mahoning 
county, Ohio, September 14, 1814. She married Charles E 
liames. 

To them were born four daughters as follows • 
Scinmntha A. (McElroy), born April 24, 1831, died 

lb8o, • ' 

Melvina (Patterson), born July 25, 1832 died 

1856. ' ' 

Sophronia E. (Kelty), born March 6, 1841, died February 5 

Samantha A. Haines married J. Alexander McElroy To 
them were born two sons and four daui-hters • 
John J. McElroy. 
Emily S. (ILirpill). 
Noah J. McElroy, dead 
Mary Mitilda (Gill). 
Alberta Ann (Krafton). 
Voris ]\IcElroy. 

None of the sons married. 

Emily S. McElroy married Will Ilarpill. Thev had one 
daughter: 

Emily S. Ilarpill, born August 20, 1804. 

I\Iary lAIatilda McElroy nuirried' Henry L. Gill To them 
were born two sons and three daui-hters • 
Edith (Turner). 
llarrv Gill. 
Mimd Gill. 
Albenta Gill. 
John Gill. 

Edith Gill married Jean Turner. 
Maud Gill married John Squires. 
Harry Gill married Grace Tabbot. 

Melvina Haines married Joseph B. Patterson. They had 
one daughter: 
Annette E. Patterson, born December 28 1853 

She first married Alfred I\rcCulver in 1875, and afterwards 
married James A. Freeman. She resides at 4065 E 91st 
street, Cleveland, Ohio. 

The children of the first marriage are as follows : 
Charles H. Culver, born November 4, 1872. 



Floyd A. Cnlver, born September 11, 1874. i 

Alfred B. Culver, born January 15, 1876. ; 

Charles II. Culver married Edie Bryant in 1872. Thev 
have two children : 

Charles H. Culver, jr., born December 23, 1893. i 

Myrtle A. Cnlver, born October 13, 1895. ; 

Floyd A. Culver married Eva Basler. They have one » \ 

daughter : I 

C. Annette Culver, born August 29, 1906. \ 

S(^phronia E. Haines married William II. Kelty. To them I 
were l)()rn three sons and three daughters : 

IMinnie Kelty (Waitman). ; 

Charles Haines Kelty. i 

Arthur Keltv, drowned at ace of 18 months. i 

Nettie E. Kelty (Cook). j 

Ida R. Kelty (Woolworth). '. 
Clarence Kelty. 

Minnie Kelty married Price Waitman. They had four , 

son and five daughters: j 

Paul Waitman. j 

Wiliam Waitman. . \ 

Dale Waitman. . j 

Dean Waitman. j 

Bessie Waitman. ! 
Mae Waitman. 

Ruth Waitman. - : 
Wiliam J. Waitman. 
Emily S. Waitman. 

To Charles II. Kelty three children were born. (Names \ 

not given). | 

Nettie Kelty Married Grant Cook. \ 

Ida E. Kelty married Robert Woolworth. 

Matilda Haines married Joshua Iliiliard. To them were | 

born five sons : i 

Charles H. Ililiiard. ! 
Arthur Iliiliard. 

Babe (died at age of six weeks). | 

Walter Iliiliard. ! 

Warren Hilliard. i 

Arthur Hilliard married IMinnie BroAvn. They have one i 

son : I 

Homer Hilliard. j 



VI. 

JOHN NICHOLAS BOWMAN. 

Jolin Nicholas Bo-vvmnn, youni?est son of Philip Casper 
and Katy (Past) Bowman, was born in Redstone, Fay- 
ette county, Pennsylvania, Decendter 22, 1791. He came to 
Ohio with his parents in 1806 at the ag;e of fifteen. 

John N. l^owman and Catherine Altman were married 
November 19, 1815. Catherine Altman was born December 
18, 1796. She was the daughter of John P. Altman of Penn- 
sylvania. 

John N. Bowman and his wife first located in Green town- 
ship, Columbiana (now JMahonino) county, Ohio, on a por- 
tion of the land his father, Philip C. Bowman, deeded to 
him. 

John N. Bowman and his family afterwards moved to 
Richland county (now Ashland county), locatino' on a farm 
near Polk. 

John Nicholas Bowman died February 22, 1858, aged 66 
years. 

Catherine Bowman, his wife, died February 27, 1868, aged 
72 years. 

The names of their children and dates of birth are as fol- 
lows : 

Matilda, born October 26, 1816. 
Solomon A., born Februuary ]4, 1819. 
Barbara, born June 11, 1821. 
Joshua, Born November 13, 1823. 
Susannah, born February 13, 1826. 
Juliana, born April 15, 1828. 
John J., born May 12, 1831. 
Almira, born December 14, 1833. 
Samuel, born May 1, 1836. 
John Hiram, born April 8, 1838. 



MATILDA (BOWMAN) MELLINGER. 

Matilda Bowman, daughter of John N. and Catherine Alt- ; 

man Bowman, was born October 28, 1816. She married ! 

IMelehor Mellinger October 20, 1837. They lived at Dayton, : 

Ohio. 

Their children are : ; 

John. I 

Catherine. , j 

Estella. ! 

James. ! 

Martha. 
Jonas. 
Emma. 

Frank. i 

Philip. j 

Edward. i 



SOLOMON A. BOWMAN. 

Soloman A. Bowman, son of John N. and Catherine (Alt- 
man) Bowman, was born February 14, 1819. He married 
Rebecca Jones and located at St. Jo, Indiana. 

Their children are : 
Elizabeth, who married a Mr. Rhodes. 



BARBARA (BOWMAN) HOWARD. 

Barbara Bowman, daughter of John Nicholas and Cather- 
ine M. (Altman) Bowman, was born June 11, 1821. 

Barbara Bowman married Solomon Van Resselear Howard 
November 30, 1843. He was born September 3, 1817, and 
died April 5, 1895. Barbara Bowmian Howard died October 
11, 1882, and was buried in Rochester cemetery, near New 
London, Huron county. 

The names of their children are : 
Mary J. 
Laurilla. 

Lydia, l)orn May 14, 1853. 
Lillian. 
Charles G. 

(152) 



Mary J. Howard married Henry K. Kab. They live at 
Fiudley, Ohio. 

Laurilla Howard niaried Chester Chorpenning. They re- 
side at lieiitou Harbor, Mich. 

Lydia Howard married Edward M. June November 28, 
1872. They live at Greenwich, Huron county, Ohio. 

Their children are : 
Harry Francis, born March 28, 1874. 
Garwood Hugh, born August 2, 1892. 

Lillian Howard married Thomas Whitney. They live at 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Chaises G. Howard married Emma Fast. Their post- 
office address is New London, Ohio. 

They have one daughter : 
Wilda. 

Cynthia Howard married Thomas Landis. They live near 
New London, Ohio. 

Their children are : 
Zilpha. 
Van R. 
Lolo. 



JOSHUA BOWMAN. 

Joshua Bowman, son of John N. and Catherine Bowman, 
was born November 13, 1823. 

Joshua Bowman and Agnes McFadden were married 
April 16, 1850. They located near Polk, Ashland county, 
Ohio, where they remained. 

Their children are : 
Emory, born May 16, 1851. 
Tully, born November 13, 1856. 

Emory Bowman was married to Laura Switzer December 
18, 1874. Their children are : 
Vinnie V., born January 1, 1875. 
Edna Ethel, born November 10, 1876. 
John, born March 12, 1879. 

Vinie V. Bowman married Clayton B. Heifner October 18 
1894. 

They have one child: 

Gail Heifner, born September 18, 1899. 

(153) 



Edna E. Bowman married Samuel Lutz Docomlier 9, 
1!)();5. 

John Bowman married Clara Keener December 24, 1903. 

Tulley Bowman married Adessia Jolmson March 11, 1881. 
They live near Asland, Ohio. 

Their children are : 
Miwy E., born November 25, 1886. 
I\rai-tha v., born Febrnarv f5, 1889. 
Rhea J\L, l)orn -Inlv 27, 189.S. 



SUSANNAH (BOWMAN) TAYLOR. 

Snsannali (Bowman) Taylor, (Umiihter of John Nicholas 
and Catherine Bowman, was born Fel)ruary 13, 1826. She. 
was married to John K. Taylor IMay 11, 1845. John K. Tay- 
lor was l)()rn May 20, 1820, and was the son of William and 
Elizabeth Taylor. Tie died November 19, 1891, aged 71 
years. 

Snsannah (Bowman) Taylor died June 30, 1898, aged 72 
years. 

The following are the names and (bites of birth of their 
children: 

Wintield Scott, born September 14, 1847. 
Thomas Ely, born March 5, 1850. 
James Madison, born October 1, 1852, died November 14,. 

1853. 
Samantha Jane, born June 10, 1855. 
Charles Wilson, born Pebrnary 3, 1858. 
Florence Sophia, born October 1, 1860, died May 8, 1892. 

Winfield S. Tavlor married Alice F. IMalcolm December 
22, 1870. They live in Cleveland, Ohio. They had one 
daughter : 
Lola, born July 9, 1875, died June 15, 1887. 

Thomas E. Taylor married Georgia White , 

.1872. They live at Ft. Wayne, Ind. 

Their children are : 
Charles 
Floyd. 

Florence S. Taylor married Oliver Chorpenning. They 
live at Ruggles, Ashland county, Ohio. 

Their children are: 

(154) 



Clifton Winfic'ld, Ixn-ii ScptcMiihci- f), ISSf). 
Walter Lester, hoi-ii .I;imi;ify 25, 1S8S. 
Nellie Lurline, born October 8, 181)0. 

Mrs. Fb)reiiee Chorpeiiiiino' (li(Ml May 8, 1892, aj^ed 82 
years. 

Saniantha J. Taylor married kSolomon Traiiger September 
n, 1894. They live at 490 (luixo St., Akron, Ohio. 

Their ehildr-en are : 
Claudia, born November 9, 187(i. 
Charles L., born June 11, 1882. 
lona, born April 9. 1885. 

Claudia Traui^er married Edward Ilonodle. 



JULIANA BOWMAN. 

Juliana Bowman, daniihter of John N. and Catherine 
(Altman) Bowman, was born A])ril 15, 1828. She married 
David AndreAvs. They live near Seio, Ohio. 

Their children are: 
Adelbert. 
Mary. 
Arminta. 
Marshal. 
Merrell. 



ALMIRA (BOWMAN) HENKLE. 

Almira Bowman, dan^hter of John N. and Catherine 
(Altman) B(nvman, was born December 14, 1838. She mar- 
ried Adolph A. Ilenkle. They live at Nankin, Ashland 
county, Ohio. 

Their children are: 
Marv. 
Lillie. 
Oscar. 
Curtis. 

Mary Henkle married Allen Brown. They live at Ash- 
land, Ohio. 

(155) 



JOHN HIRAM BOWMAN. 

John Iliram Bowman, son of Nicholas and Catherine (Alt- 
man) Bowman, was born April 8, 1838. 

J. Hiram Bowinan and Mary E. Stentz were married 
]\Iarch 6, 1860. Mary E. Stentz was born Deeembex 16, 
1837. She was the daughter of John P. and Clarissa (Clear) 
Stentz. Their home is at Salem, Ohio. 

Their children are : 
Clara A., born August 14, 1861. 
Carl C, born September 1, 1865. 

Clara A. Bowman married Elzy Payne April 30, 1885. 
They live at Ashley, Ohio. 

Their children are : 
Walter W. Payne, born June 29, 1886. 
aiadge A. Pavne, born Julv 16, 1888. 

nth M. Payne, born March 17, 1894. 
Ralph N. Payne, born March 17, 1894. 

Carl C. Bowman married INIaud N. Manville September 23, 
1886. They live at New Castle, Pa. 

Their children are : 
Flora B. Bowman, born Ai)ril 26, 1888. 
Edwin D. Bowman, born November 17, 1890. 



VII. 

CHARLOTTE BOWMAN GAULT. 

Chiirlotte Howniaii, tlaii^hter of Philip Casper and Kaiher- 
ine M. (Past) Bowman, was born in Payette connty, Penn- 
sylvania March 2, 1794. She came to Ohio with her parents 
in 1806, when they h)cate(l in Green township, Colnmliiana 
connty, (now a part of Mahoning connty). Chilrlotte Pow- 
man married Robert Ganlt abont 1812. They settled in 
Jackson township, Mahoning connty, Ohio. 

During the war of 1812 Robert Ganlt was drafted into the 
army October 1, 1814. His company was in camp at Cleve- 
land, Ohio, where he was taken sick. The company then 
proceeded to Detroit. At Rocky River, abont ten miles west 
of Cleveland, Robert Ganlt died. 

After Robert Ganlt 's death a son was born December 8, 
1814. This only son was called Robert Gault. His mother, 
Charlotte Ganlt, afterward married Joseph PIndson Jnnary 
20, 1820. They located in Iowa, where Charlotte Ilndson 
died September 15, 1863. An account of the Hudson family 
will be given hereafter. 

Robert Gault, jr., married Majory Ewing. Robert Gault 
died January 2, 1892. 

The names of the children of Robert and jMajory Ganlt 
are as follows: 

John, born December 27, 1836. 
Alexander, born May 26, 1838. 
Margaret, born ]\Iay 26, 1838. 
Mary A., born November 14, 1839. 
Andrew, born November 13, 1841, died July 8, 1864. 
Caroline, born July 8, 1843, died August 31, 1844. 
Martha Jane, born March 9, 1845. 
Gideon, born November 6, 1846. 
Samuel S., born March 11, 1848. 
William, born IMarch 28, 1850. 
Gibson J., born December 6, 1852. 
Robert E., born March 7, 1855. 




Robert Gault 




Mrs. Robert Gault. 



JOHN GAULT. 

John Gault, son of Robert (junior) and Charlotte (Bow- 
man) Gault, was born in Jackson township, Mahoning coun- 
ty, Ohio, December 27, 1836. 

John Gault married Louisa Mariah Johnson September 5, 
1861. Their home is near North Jackson, Mahoning county, 
Ohio. 

To them were born three children as follows : 
Joseph Grant Gault, born December 27, 1863. 
Lula Olive Gault, born April 9, 1873. 
George Francis Arthur Gault, born August 10, 1879. 

Joseph G. Gault married Cora Bennett October 23, 1888. 
They live in Union county, Ohio. 

Their children are : 
John Bennett Gault, born July 13, 1894. 
Edgar Howard Gault, born December 21, 1896. 
Mary Louise Gault, born December 25, 1901. 

Lulu Olive Gault married Rev. J. Ellwood Lynn June 30, 
1897. They reside at Springfield, 111. 

They have two children : 
Emerson Ellwood Lynn, born March 31, 1898. 
Rachel Louise Lynn, born September 29, 1902. 

George Francis Arthur Gault married Floy Irene Henry 
November 18, 1902. They live at Ada, Harding county, 
Ohio. 

They have one child : 
Achsah Gault, born October 17, 1903. 




Charlotte Bowman Hudson 



CHARLOTTE BOWMAN HUDSON. 

Chrlotte Bowman, daughter of Philip Casper aud Cather- 
ine (Fast) Bowman, was born in Fayette county, Pennsyl- 
vania March 2, 1794. At the age of twelve years she came 
to Oliio with her parents in 1806. 

Charlotte Bowman was first inarried to Robert Gault. 

Robert Gault died in the army at Rocky River ten miles 
west of Cleveland. 

They had one son called Robert Gault, born December 8, 
1814. An account of his descendants has already been given. 

Charlotte (Bowman) Gault and Joseph Hudson were 
married January 20, 1820, in Pennsylvania. Joseph Hudson 
was born September 81, 1800. They lived for a short time at 
(iirard, Pennsylvania, and nu)ved to Green, Mahoning county, 
Ohio, about 1822. In 1835 they moved to Randolph, Portage 
county, Ohio. They lived there until 1856, Avhen they moved 
to Iowa. They made the trip overland, leaving Randol])h 
May !)th, and arriving at their destination in Iowa June 8. 

Charlotte Hudson died September 15, 1863, aged 69 years 
and six months, and was buried near their home in Iowa. 

Joseph Hudson returned to INIedina county, Ohio, where 
he died A^n-il 2, 1881, aged 81 years, and was buried at 
Lafayette, Medina county. 

The following are the names and dates of birth of the 
children of Joseph and Chnrlotte (Bowman) Hudson: 
Solonu)n, born .November 20, 1820, died December 11, 1901. 
Caroline P., born January 12, 1823. 
Joshua, born March 25, 1825, died in infancy. 
Julia Ann, born I\Tarch 7, 1826, died May 20," 1872. 
Joseph L., born September 2, 1828, killed by cars August 19, 

1!)06. 
John S., born March 17, 1831. 
Rufus M., born January 5, 1834. 

Jo.siali B., born January 16, 1836, died March 20, 1864. 
Jesse B., born September 8, 1840, died in infancy. 




Dr. Solomon Hudson 



DR. SOLOMON HUDSON. 

Solomon Hudson, eldest son of Joseph and Charlotte 
(Bowman) Hudson, was born at Girard, Pennsylvania, 
November 20, 1820. He became a physician. 

Dr. Solomon Hudson married Elizabeth Messnor October 
25, 1846, at Jackson, Stark county, Ohio. 

On July 11, 1862, Dr. Hudson received an appointment 
from Governor Todd as Assistant Surgreon of the 11th Ref?- 
iment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry. In 1863 he was appointed 
Post Surgeon at Louisville, Kentucky, where he served 
until 1864, wdien he resig'ued on account of poor health and 
returned to his home in IMedina county, Ohio, where he prac- 
ticed medicine. 

Dr. Solomon Hudson died December 11, 1901, aged 80 
years. 

The names of their children .md the dates of their birth 
are as follows : 

Alice, born , 1847, died , 1862. 

Anna, born , 1849. 

Bell. 

Prank, born , 1862, died , 1870. 

Anna Hudson married Willis Albro , 1876. 

They live at Medina, Ohio. 

They have two children (twins) : 

Lillian, Ixu-n , 1877. 

Mildred, born , 1877. 

Bell Hudson married Mitchel Whitfield April 27, 1881. 




Mrs. Caroline Hudson Cook 



CAROLINE (HUDSON) COOK. 

Caroline P. Hndson, (laiiyliter of Josepli and Charlotte ' 

(Bowman) Ilndson was born in Green, Mahoning county, ' 

Ohio, January 12, 1823. 

Caroline P. Hudson and John F. Cook were married 
March 10, 1842, at Randolph, Portage county, Ohio. John 
T. Cook was born June 15, 1818. He died August 17, 1868, 
aged 50 years. Caroline Cook is still (1904:) living. 

The names of their children and dates of their birth are 
as follows : 

Milton E., born April 1, 1843. 
Matilda C, born November 6, 1845. 
Rachel E., born December 20, 1847. 

Myron L., born April 31, 1850. i 

Almon J., born February 18, 1855. 1 

Emmery C, born June 15, 1859. j 

Milton E. Cook married Lovina irull , 1SG2, ; 

at Suffield. ' 

Their children are : j 

Eldom E., born July 15, 1863. 

Minnie. ! 

Almeda. j 

Lovina Cook died December 14, 1871. j 

Milton E. Cook married Mrs. Amanda Hull Myers. 1874. ; 

They live at INTelbourn, Williams comity, Ohio. J 

Their children are: 
Lillian M., born June 12, 1875. 
Cloa, l)orn October 5, 1877. 
Edith, l)orn December 27, 1880. 
Viola, born October . . . ., 1883. j 

Eldora E. Cook, daughter of Milton E. Cook, married 
John L. Minch, Julv 19, 1885. J. L. Minch was i)()rn April J 

6 1 

8, 1864. They live in Lima, Indiana. \ 

Their children are : 
Elsie Minch, born May 4, 1886. ■ 

Ethel IMinch, born July 23, 1889. 
Earl Minch, born April 9, 1893. 
Emanda INIinch, born September 4, 1896. 
Electia Minch, born December 30, 1899. 
Esther IMinch, born March 29, 1902. 

Minnie Cook, daughter of Milton E. Cook, marricMl Wil- 
liam A. Fair October 7, 1883. They live at Brighton, La 
Grange county, Indiana. 

They have five children: ,i 

Eason B. Fair, born September 20, 1,884. i 

(166) 



Mable C. Fair, bom Mny 23, 1888. 
May C. Fair, born December IJ), 1890. 
Ruth I. Fair, born Septem])er 18, 1895. 
Joseph M. Fair, ])orn June 17, 1898. 

Ahneda Cook, dauuhter of IMilton E. Cook, married 
Charles H. Garlets July 15, 1888. They live at Mono-o, Ind. 

Their children are: 
^Tilton P. Garlets, born January 1, 1891. 
Thelma Rene Garlets, born February 24, 1898. 

Lillian M. Cook, daughter of Milton E. Cook, married 
Jacob L. Burger December 27, 1897. They live at Still- 
water, Oklahoma. J. L. Burger was born March 25, 1873. 

Their children are: 
Vernon Burger, born December 15, 1896. 
Almeda Burger, born December 5, 1898. 

Edith Cook, daughter of IVlilton E. Cook, married John 
Rinkel January 14, 1900. He was born Sei)tendjer 18, 1873. 
They live at Milborn, Williams county, Ohio. 

Tliey have one child : 
Cannon Rinkel, born Jul.y 6, 1901. 

Cloa Cook, daughter of Milton E. Cook, married Clar- 
ence A. Damer December 23, 1897. They live at Brighton, 
Indiana. 

Their children are : 
Theron C, born October 8, 1897, died January 26, 1904. 
Harold W., born July 7, 1901, died January 26, 1904. 

Viola Cook, daughter of Milton E. Cook, married Joseph 
P. Smith December 22, 1901. He was l)orn September. . . ., 
1879. They live at Sentor, Ohio. 

They have one daughter : 
Mildred Leona Smith, born March 1, 1903. 

Matilda Cook, daughter of John and Caroline (Hudson) 
Cook, married Anthony Coler September 1, 1867, at Akron, 
Ohio. 

Anthony Coler was a veteran of the Civil War, having en- 
listed at the beginning of the war and served four years and 
a half. The family lived a few years at Mogadore, Ohio, 
where their first child was born. In the spring of 1884 they 
moved to Kansas, locating near Rockwell City, Morton 
county. Here they lived for nine years in a sod house. 

Anthony Coler died March 3, 1894. 

The names of their children and dates of birth are as fol- 
lows: 

Cora, born August 7, 1868. 
Jennie V., born September 23, 1870, died September 11, 

1885. 
Frank, born August 25, 1872. 

(167) 



Perry, ])orii March 21, 1878. 

Rush, born November 12, 1880. 

Nellie M., born May 19, 1882, died September 20, 1885. | 

Cora Coler married A. D. Garber December 25, 1889, at 
Rockwell City, Kansas, where they now live. 

The names of their children are as follows : 
Pearl V., born December 30, 1890. 
John A., born February 16, 1893. 
Luella M., born May 26, 1895. 

Bruce D., born October 15, 1897. i 

Richard, born January 7, 1900. 
Ruth, born February 26, 1902. . '• 

Myron L. Cook, son of John and Caroline (Hudson) Cook, 
married Annie Overbough January 1, 1876, at Mogadore, 
Ohio. They live near Akron, Ohio. 

They have two children : j 

Nelson C, born April 6, 1877. 
Jessie, born July 15, 1882, married Harry Atchison. 

Nelson. C. Cook married Mattie B. Wetzel March 25, 1903. 
They live near Akron, Ohio. 

Alma J. Cook, son of John and Caroline Cook, married 
Harriet Myers December. .. ., 1875, at Uniontown, Stark 
county, Ohio. 

Their children are : j 

Simon, ])orn October 1, 1876. ! 

Linna, born September 21, 1887, married Roy Denkenbrod. 
Odessa, born October 20, 1893. 

Simon Cook married Cora Tritt October 3, 1899. They j 

live in Akron, Ohio. ; 

They have one child : ' 

Howard, born August 16, 1893. 

Harriet Cook, wife of Alma J. Cook, died March ...., 
1899. He then married Mrs. Moore January 20, 1904, at : 

Greentown, Stark county, Ohio, where they now live. 

Emory C. Cook, son of John and Caroline Cook, married i 

Phoebe Leonard Ai)ril 1, 1876. They live at Woodruff, La '■ 

Grange county, Indiana. < 

Their children are : ' 

Clarence E., born March 8, 1878. 

Irvin, born November 6, 1880. , 

John R., born October 8, 1883. ! 

Andrew, born September 17, 1886. ' 

Effie A., born October 31, 1890. ■ 

George, born February 1, 1893, died January 25, 1895. ; 

Clarence E. Cook married Ozetta Snyder August 3, 1902. • 

They live at Woodruff, Ind., and have one child : ; 

George, born May , 1903. I 

(168) 1 




Mrs. Julia Updegraf. 



JULIA (HUDSON) UPDEGRAFF. 

Julia A. Hudson, daughter of Joseph and Charlotte (Bow- 
man) Hudson, was born April 17, 1826, in Green, Mahoning 
county, Ohio. Julia A. Hudson and William Updegraff were, 
married September 21, 1856, in Iowa. On the 12th of August 
William Updegraff enlisted in the 26th Iowa Regiment and 
died in the service at Milliken Bend. After the death of her 
husband INIrs. Updegraff returned to Ohio in January, 1872. 

Julia A. Updegraff died May 20, 1872, aged 46 years. 

They had one child : 
Milton W. 

Milton W. Updegraff married August 

1876. Their home is at Ames, Story county, Iowa. 

Their children are : 
Amanda G., born August. . . ., 1877. 
Claude A., born August. . . ., 1880. 
Clara A., born September...., 1891. 
Clarence M., born June. . . ., 1893. 

(A letter to them was returned unclaimed.) 




Rev. Joseph L. Hudson 



REV. JOSEPH L. HUDSON. 

Joseph L. Hudson, son of Josepli and Cliarlotte (Bow- 
man) llndson, was born Septendjer 2, 1828, at Green, Ma- 
honing connty, Ohio. 

Rev. Joseph L. llndson and Fannie Overholt were mar- 
ried September 29, 1850. They lived at Randolph, Portage 
county, Ohio, until 1852, when they moved to Iowa and lo- 
cated at Independence. They live at i)resent at Toma, 
Iowa. 

They had one son : 
Edgar A., born January 9, 1856, died December 18, 190;i. 




John S. Hudson and wife. 



JOHN S. HUDSON. 

.John S. lliuLsou, soil of Joseph and Charlotte Hudson, was 
born at Green, ^lahoning' county, Ohio, March 17, 1831. He 
married Susanna Broonibaug'h February 9, 1853. 

Susanna Thulson died ^May 5, 1869. John S. Hudson mar- 
ried in 18tJl), and now lives at Schaller, Iowa. 

It is said they have ten children, thirty-two grandchildren, 
and four great grand-children. 




Rufus Hudson 



(A letter t<» him was not answered.) 
RUFUS M. HUDSON. 

Riifus M. Hudson, son of Joseph and Charlotte Hudson, 
was born January 9, 1834, at Randolph, Portage county, 
Ohio. He went to Iowa, where he married Phoebe Bakhvin 
February 19, 1855. On August 12, 1862, he enlisted in the 
26th Iowa Regiment, in which he served two years. He was 
discharged in 1864 on account of poor health. He after- 
wards went to California and located at Lodi, San Joaquin 
county. 

Thev have foni' children hut no cecord has been received. 



JOSIAH B. HUDSON. 

Josiah B. Hudson, son of Joseph and Charlotte (Bowman) 
Hudson, was born January 16, 1836, in Randolph, Portage 
county, Ohio. He went to Iowa, where he was married to 
Mary"M. Wilder January 1, 1859. He enlisted in the 26th 
Iowa Regiment August 1. 1862. He died of a wound in the 
army March 20, 1864. 

They had one son : 
Myron Hudson, born October 3, 1859. 

]\Iyron A. Hudson married Emma J. Jewel July 19, 1888. 
They live at jMa(iuokety. Iowa. 

Their children are: 
Marie Isabellc, l)orn September 12, 1890. 
Helen Berdena. hofii IMarch 1, 1901. 




Mrs. Sarah Bowman Orr. 



^^Xo- 



SARAH (BOWMAN) ORR. 

Sarah BoAvman, daughter of Philip Casper and Katy 
(Fast) Bowman, was born in Fayette county, Pennsylvania, 
March 9, 1796. She came to Mahoning county, Ohio, with 
the Bowman family in 1806. Sarah Bowman was married 
to John Orr of ]\Iilton township, Trumbull (now Mahoning) 
county, May 19, 1814. John Orr was born December 31, 
1787. They located in IMilton township. 

John Orr died November 17, 1856, aged 69 years. Saraii 
Orr died September 28, 1875, aged 79 years. They are both 
buried near their home. 

The following are the names and dates of liirtli of their 
six children: 

IMary L. Orr, born May 20, 1815, died Septemb(^r 9, .'898. 
Joshua Orr, born June 30, 1817, died October 19, 1856. 

Catherine Orr, born January 15, 1821, died. 

Sarah Ann Orr, born October 22, 1826, lied December 6, 

1869. 

Samantha Adaline Orr, born February 5, 1831, died 

llenriette Orr, born April 10, 1834, died September 5, 1896. 




Daniel Eckis. 




Mrs. Mary Orr Eckis. 



MARY L. ORR ECKIS. 

Mary L. Orr, daughter of John and Sarah (Bowman) 
Orr, was born May 20, 1814. She married Daniel Eckis 
December 13, 1832.. Daniel Eckis was born December 11, 
1808. They lived at North Jackson, Ohio. Daniel Eckis 
died October 10, 1888, aged 80 years. Mary L. Orr Eckis 
died September 9, 1898, aged 84 years. 

The names and dates of births and deaths of their chil- 
dren are as follows : 
John Orr Eckis, born March 15, 1835, died February...., 

1901. 
Emery S. Eckis, born Mav 7, 1841, died October 29, 1889. 
C. W. Eckis, born May 14, 1851. 

John Orr Eckis married Nancy Johnson April 10, 1856. 
Mary Johnson Eckis died August 29, 1863. 

They had two children : 

Mary E. Eckis, born , died March 20. 1863. 

Frank Eckis, born March 28, 1858. 

Frank Eckis married Irene Teeters. They liye at Berlin, 
Ohio. 

They have two children : 
Florence May, 
IT(den B. 

Emery S. Eckis married Sarah Ellen Johnson October 4, 
1859. 

The names of their children are : 
Mary Olive Eckis, born September 29, 1861. 
Florence Elma Eckis, born January 31, 1863. 
Scott G. Eckis, born August 17, 1864. 
Elmer R. Eckis, born June 22, 1872. 

Roland G. Eckis married Kate Dyser November 25, 1883. 

Their children are : 
Irene Eckis, born August 23, 1884. 
Raymond Eckis, born July 2, 1886. 

Kate (Dyser) Eckis died and Roland G. Eckis afterward 
married Daisy Pollard September, 1905. 

They have one child : 
Roland Pollard Eckis, born June 6, 1905. 

Mary Olive Eckis married Farwell L. Sawin October 25, 
1861. 

Flora Elma Eckis married married Elmer Ilowestine Feb- 
ruary 28, 1888. 

Their children are : 
Percy L. Ilowestine, born November 20, 1889. 
Howard F. Ilowestine, born April 26, 1892, died September 

27, 1897. 



f 



(182) 



Olive Lucile Howestinc, horn September ;30, 189G. 
John Emery ITowestine, hoi-ii June 18, 190;i 

Scott G. Eckis mnrried Laura Killian May 15, 1891. 

Their chihlren are : 
Eunice Fredna Eckis, born October 2(5, 1892. 
Scott Miles Eckis, born May 8, 1898. 

Elmer R. Eckis married Bird Diel)old June 29, 1897. 

Their children are: 
Donald Diebold Eckis, born May 17, 1898. 
Ruth L. Eckis, born June 1, 1901. 
Rol)ert E. Eckis, born January 17, 1903 
Baby. 

Comfort W. Eckis married Florence Mott May 20, 1873 
Florence Mott was born June 12, 1855. 

They have one child: 
Etta Leona Eckis, born September 27, 1876. 

She married Curtis Asa Manchester June 10, 1908. Curtis 
A. Manchester was born November 6, 1876. 

They have one child: 
Iluyh Wallace IManchester, born March 25, 1905. 



JOSHUA ORR. 

Joshua Orr, son of John and Sarah (Bowman) Orr was 
born June 30, 1817. 

Joshua Orr married Sarah Fitch. 

They had five children: 
Emma Orr, born May 28, 1843, died October 2, 1904. 
Ainia Sarah Orr, born August 19, 1845. 
Thomas Fitch Orr. 

Edufus L. Orr, born October 22, 1852. 
Francis Orr. 

Emma Orr married Emory T. Cook January 12 1865 
Emery T. Cook was born September 19, 1839, 'died June 6 
1886. ' 

They had one son: 
Lawrence E. Cook, born November 12, 1876. 

Lawrence E. Cook married Maud Fowler June 19, 1901 
Maud Fowler was born August 21, 1881. 

They have two children : 
Roger J. Cook, born February 3, 1904, died August 2 1905 
Lynden E. Cook, born July 22, 1906. ' 

(183) 



Anna Sarah Orr married Albert Elmer Goodsell March 
28, ISfJfi. Albert E. Goodsell was born April 29, 1840. 

They have two children : 
AVilliam Emery Goodsell, born Angust 23, 1871. 
Clare Eugene Goodsell, born September 25, 1878. 

William Emei-y Goodsell married Nellie Woolford Piatt 
December 19, 189-1. She was liorn November 10, 1873. 

They have one child : 
Martha Josephine Goodsell, born July 22, 1900. 

Clare Eugene Goodsell married Delk Elvina Milliard June 
20, 1906. She was born March 27, 1879. 

Thomas Fitch Orr married ^lartha ]\Iansell. 

Their children are as follows : 
Esther Mny Orr, born February 12, 1872, died Jul\' 1, 1901. 
Arthur Elmer Orr, born Februarv 28, 1873. 
Walter C. Orr, born July 23, 1874. 
Angle Margaretta Orr, born November 20, 1875. 
Jennie Inez Orr, born January 9, 1879, died March 11, 1889. 
Ennna Gertrude Orr, born February 21, 1880. 
Augustus A. Orr-, born October 20, 1882. 
Louis Emery Orr, born August 6, 1883. • 

Mary Abbott Orr, born August 28, 1885. 
Thomas Fitch Orr, jr., born born December 28, 1887. 
William B. Orr, born August 28, 1889, died September 28, 

1899. 
Melvin Earl Orr, born August 8, 1891, died May 8, 1896. 
Cecil xVlice Orr, born January 4, 1893. 

Esther May Orr married John Walker Stubblefield Feb- 
ruary 27, 1889. 

They have two children: 
Carl C. Stubblefield, born June 3, 1892. 
Vern J. Stubblefield, born July 6, 1893. 

Arthur E. Orr married Nola Moont. , 1896. 

The names of their children are: 
Naonia Orr, born Mav, 1897, died Julv 5, 1897. 
Mildred Orr. 
Coline Orr. 
Thelma Orr. 
Nellie Orr. 

Walter C. Orr married Virginia Metz October 4, 1903. 

They have one child : 
Dorotha L. Orr, born June 27, 1905. 

Angle M. Orr married Elbert Hankens March 23, 1895. 

They have four children : 
Russell Walter Hankens, born December, 1895. 
Amy L. Hankens, born February 26, 1898. 
Ola LaVerne Hankens, born February 3, 1900. 

(184) 



Cloe J. ll<iiil\('ns, born -lamiafv .">, lilO'J. 

p]ninia (U'rtrude Orr married Earl W. 1>. Ammermau May 
11, 1902. 

They have two children : 
IMaryaret Gertrnde Animerman, born October 27, 190-1. 
Leland Francis Ammernian, born IVIay 21, 1907. 

Augustus A. Orr married Minnie Smith November, 1903. 

They have two children : 
Nora May Orr, born Septemlier 22, 1904. 
Elma Been Orr, born September 'SO, 1905. 

Marv Abbott Orr married Wilmot W. McLaughlin Decem- 
ber 25", 1902. 

They have one child : 
Elizabeth Ada McLaughlin, born September 13, 1906. 

Edufus L. Orr married Kate S. Dudly April 13, 1876. 
Kate S. Orr died November 6, 1900. 

They hatl three children : 
Ezra Goodsell Orr, born November 20, 1880. 
Helen Lee Orr, born June 6, 188-4. 
Emma Kate Orr, born February 15, 1886. 



CATHERINE (ORR) BALDWIN. 

Catherine Orr, daughter of John and Sarah (Bowman) 
Orr, was born January 15, 1821. Catherine Orr married 
James Pauley Baldwin January 28, 1841. James P. Baldwin 
was born June 17, 1818, and died September 30, 1892. Cath- 
erine (Orr) Baldwin died August 8, 1901. 

They had six children : 
Caleb Pitney Baldwin, 1)orn November 23, 1841. 
John Oi-r Baldwin, born I\Iay 16, 1843, died April 11, 1862. 
Linus Lucius Baldwin, born November 27, 1846. 
Ann Eunice Baldwin, born July 23, 1854. 
Emma Alice Baldwin, born July 5, 1860. 
Eugene Orr Baldwin, born July 8, 1862. 

Caleb Pitney Baldwin married Elizabeth (Betsy) Portor 
April 6, 1866. She was born January 12, 1845. 

Linus Lucius Baldwin married Delia Storer. She was 
born October 22, 1854. 

Their children are : 
Jessie May Baldwin, born February 20,, 1879. 
Lulu Catherine Baldwin, born March 9, 1881. 

(185) 



Emma Alice Baldwin, born July 16, 1883. 
James Roy Baldwin, born Januory 6, 1886. 
John Pitney Baldwin, born September 12, 1887. 

Ann Eunice Baldwin, married Henry Maning Reeser 
March 4, 1873. He was born February 12, 1848. 

Their children are : 
Lucius Elmo Reeser, born September 27, 1878. 
Eunice Reeser, born January 13, 1899. 

Emma Alice Baldwin married Lewis King September 12, 
1883. He was born October 3, 1860. 

Their children are : 
Ona Elma King, born August 23, 1884. 
Ora Luella King, born December 2, 1885. 
Blanche Fern King, born February 14, 1887. 
Nellie Flossie King, born August 13, 1888, died April 10, 

1889. 

Ona Elma King married Wilbur Paul Harrison October 8, 
1905. 

They have one son : 
Charles L. Harrison, born July 12, 1906. 

Ora Luella King married Peter Albert Lawrence, January 
3, 1906. 

They have one son : 
Raymond John Lawrence, born October 16, 1906. 

Eugene Orr Baldwin married Orelia Johnson October 27, 
1887. 

Their children are : 
Helen Melvina Baldwin, born April 16, 1893. 
Leora J. Baldwin, born July 20, 1898. 



SARAH ANN (ORR) ROSE. 

Sarah Ann Orr, daughter of John and Sarah (Bowman) 
Orr, was born October 20, 1826. 

Sarah Ann Orr and Dr. Ezra Rose were married July 15, 
1847. Dr. Ezra Rose was born February 28, 1822. He died 
May 5, 1879. Sarah Ann Rose died December 6, 1869. 

To them were born five children as follows : 
Joshua Orr Rose, born April 16, 1848, died February 24, 

1906. 
Sarah Ann Rose, born September 19, 1849, died March 20, 

1869. 

(186) 



Samuel David Rose, hofu April 14, 1851, (IIcmI March 2i), 

1853. 
Henrietta Rose, born October 9, 1852. 
John William Rose, born May 29, 1858. 

Joshua 0. Rose married Mary J. Stevens September 25, 
1871. She was born September's, 1849. 

They had one child: 
Myrtle Evelyn Rose, born January 4, 1873. 

Myrtle Evlyn Rose married Frederick Ilartzell Clark. 
He was born November 1, 1869. 

They have one child : 
Donald Frederick Clark, born December 12, 18^9. 

Henrietta Rose married Rosel Scott (born 1843). 

They had two children : 
Mary "j. Scott. 
Maud Scott. 

Mary J. Scott married Ernest Shook. 

They have one child : 
Imoo'ene Shook. 

Maud Scott married Rev. Albert Stahl. 

They have one daughter : 
Thelm'a Stahl. 

John William Rose married Ona Carson. She was born 
1858. 



SAMANTHA A. (ORE) MOHERMAN. 

Samantha A. Orr, daup:hter of John^and Sarah (Bowman) 
Orr, was born February 5, 1831. Samantha A. Orr married 
Winchester Moherman February 12, 1851. He was born 
December 16, 1825, and died August 6, 1906. They lived 
near Youngstown, Ohio. 

They had four children : 
Sarah Moherman, born February 12, 1852. 
Leander Moherman, born May 30, 1853. 
Maud ]\Ioherman, born January 30, 1862. 
Blanch Moherman, born August 28, 1867. 

Sarah Moherman married Henry Starr January 1, 1879. 
They live near Canfield, Ohio. 

Thev have three children : 
Stella Starr, born Pebruarv 28, 1881. 
Clifford A. Starr, born August 10, 1882. 

(187) 



Maud Starr, born October 24, 1884. 

Leaiider Mohorinaii married Sarah Martin October 23, 
1895. 

They have three children : 
Hazel IMoherinan, born September 12, 1896. 
ITarry L. IMoherman, born January 27, 1897. 
Ilem'ietta Moherman. 
]\Iarion Moherman. 

Blanch Moherman married W. W. Woodward May 8, 
1895. 



HENRIETTA (ORR) JOHNSON. 

Henrietta Orr, dauuhter of John and Sarah (Bowman) 
Orr, Avas l)orn April 10, 1834. 

Henrietta Orr married Joseph Wood Johnson. They lived 
at Alliance,! Ohio. Henrietta 0. Johnson died ^September 5, 
1896. 

They had four children: 
Morris B. Johnson, born March 28, 1858, died December 5, 
1891. 

Minerva Johnson. 
Allen Johnson. 
Ona De Ette Johnson, born Septeml)er 17, 1869. 

Morris B. Johnson married Alice B. Housley October 6, 
1881. 

Their children are : 
Jay Wood Johnson, born June 28, 1882. 
Daniel Leidiiih Johnson, born October 22, 1883. 
Lewis Ray Johnson, l)orn July 19, 1885. 
Edii'ar IMorris Johnson, born Aug'ust 3, 1887. 
Ray Ilonsley Johnson, born February 2, 1889. 
Freddy Johnson, born February 15, 1891. 
JMorris B. Johnson, jr., born October 5, 1892. 

Jay Wood Johnson married Hazel Iloppis, December 29, 
1904. She was born December 27, 1886. 

They have one son : 
Ray E. Johnson, born July 21, 1905. 

Daniel Leidi"' Johnson married Emma Raber November 
16, 1905. She was born August 8, 1883. 

They have one child: 

(188) 



Lucille fjohiisoii, born P\'l)fn;ii'y Hi, 1!)07. 

Allan Johnson rnarricMl Lizzie Iviissell. 

Oiia De Ette Johnson iii.iiTicd Howard F. Myers Decem- 
ber i;}, 1888. 

They have two ehildren: 
Minerva Myers, born -lune 7, LS!)0. 
Henrietta O. Myers, ])orn December 16, 1891. 



IX. 

REBECCA BOWMAN LANDON. 

Rel)ecca Bowman, danjihter of Philip Casper and Katie 
I\I. (Past) Bowman, was l)orn at Redstone, Fayette connty, 
Pennsylvania, Anjiust 18, 1800. She came to Ohio with her 
parents when a child and was raised in Green township, then 
Columbiana, but now Mahoning county. 

Rebecca Bowman married Theron R. Landon of Canfield, 
Ohio, about 1822. They lived two or three years in Salem, 
Ohio, Avhere Theron Landon was clerk in a shoe store. After 
this they moved to the farm of Philip Bowman. 

About the 10th of November, 1834, Theron Landon and 
his family started on a journey in a two horse covered 
wagon to find a new location farther west in Richland, now 
Ashland county. A day or so after they had begun the trip 
their daughter Almira took sick and they were obliged to 
stop at Westfield, IMedina county, where Almira died Novem- 
ber 14th. The family were detained at this place about four 
weeks, after which their journey was continued until they 
arrived at their new home near Nova, Ashland county, 
Ohio. 

Theron R. Landon died April 26, 1843. 

Rebecca (Bowman) Landon died October 28, 1862, aged 
62 years. They were both buried near their home in Ash- 
land county. 

To Theron and Rebecca Landon were born six children as 
, follows: 
Olive , died , 

1890. 
Harriet A. 
Rebecca , died October 28, 

1862. 
Almira , died November 10, 

1839. 
Mary Elizabeth. 
Jason Bowman, born June 16, 1842. 




John and Catherine Bowman Krebs. 



X. 

CATHERINE (BOWMAN) KREBS. 

Catherine Bowman, dano'liter of Philip Casper and Katy 
M. (Fast) Bowman, was born in Fayette eonnty, Pennsyl- 
vania, July 14, 1802. She was brought to Ohio with her 
parents in 1806 and raised in Mahoning county. 

Catherine Bowman and John Krebs were married August 
23, 1818. John Krebs was born November 28, 1796. Thev 
lived for a few years after their marriage in Green town- 
ship, IMahoning township, and then located in Orange town- 
ship, Ashland county, Ohio. Later they moved to the town 
of Ashland. 

To John and Catherine Krebs were born 11 children as 
follows: 

Amanda, born April 16, 1820, died 

David, born February 4, 1824, died in infancy. 

Mary Ann, born April 16, 1825, died 

Eliza, born June 25, 1827. 

Lucinda, born Februarv 11, 1830, died December 28, 1894. 

Rachel R., born May 3," 1832, died May 27, 1890. 

John B., born August 6, 1834. 

Henry, born April 1, 1837, died April 27, 1865. 

Joshua B., born September 14, 1841. 

C. Jane, born May 5, 1844. 

Sarah A., born December 18, 1847. 

John Krebs died August 2, 1876, aged 80 years. Catherine 
(Bowman) Krebs died May 8, 1884, aged 84 years. They are 
both l)uried at Ashland. Ohio. 



XI. 

JOANNAH BOWMAN GOODMAN. 

Jojuinah l>()wninn, daughter of Philip (Jasper and Katy 
M. Bowjiiaii, was born in Payette county, Pennsylvania, 
September 19, 1904. She was brought to Ohio with, her pa- 
rcMits when she was about two years old, and raised in Green 
township, iMahoning' county. 

Joannah Bowman married Henry (xoodman July 21, 1825. 
They located upon a jiart of the land of Philip C. Bowman, 
which was deeded to them. Henry (loodman was Iku-u June 
18, 1801. Joannah Bowman Goodman died ^larcli 10, 184!), 
agred about forty-four years. 

Henry Gooodman died November 25, 1878, aj^red seventy- 
seven years. They were both buried at St. John's German 
Lutheran church near their h(uue. 

The following are the names of their children and the 
dates of their birth : 
Catherine L., born June 21, 1826. 
John Philip, born August 30, 1830. ' 

Sarah Ann, born September 17, 1834. 
Lovina, born April 23, 1837. 

A son born October 12, 1840. 
Annette, born May 24, 1843. 
A son born May 28, 1847. 

The last two sons died in infancy. 

Annette (Joodman died sine'le. 



'!-'' 



CATHERINE GOODMAN TOOT. 

Catherine Loraine Goodman was born in Green township, 
Mahoning county, Ohio, June 21, 1826. 

Catherine L. Goodman and Peter Toot were married 
March 26, 1848. Peter Toot was born August 10, 1818. They 
lived upon the Goodman farm in Green township. 

Peter Toot died November 1, 1808, aged 80 years. 

Catherine Toot died 

(193) 



The names of their children anil the dates of their birth 
are as follows : 

Elma Joannali, born October 12, 1855. 
Alice Cornelia, born March 13, 18G0. 
Elizabeth Ann, born August 7, 1862. 

Elma Joannah Toot married Alva R. Durr, 1882. Alva R. 
Durr was born October 18, 1853. They live near Salem, 
Ohio. 

They have one daughter : 
Margaret Lorain, born January 10, 1882. 

Elizabeth Ann Toot married Aln-am II. Ressler October 13, 
1892. He was born July 24, 1861. They live in Green town- 
ship, Mahoning county, Ohio. 

They have one son : 
Earl Peter, born February 27, 1893. 

Leroy L. Toot was born 1887. lie married Effie Messerly 
June 21, 1899. She was born February 16, 1883. 

They have one daughter : 
Grace Marie, born June 7, 1902. 



JOHN PHILIP GOODMAN. 

John Philip Goodman, only son of Henry and Katherine 
(Bowman) Goodman, was born in Green township, Mahon- 
ing county, Ohio, June 21, 1826. 

John P. Goodman and Catherine Kenreich were married 
April 20, 1854. She was born IMarch 25, 1833. They lived 
near Canfleld, Ohio. John P. Goodman died April 5, 1891, 
aged 61 years. The names and dates of the birth of their 
children are : 
Rebecca, born December 4, 1855, died May 26, 1873, aged 18 

years. 

Marietta, born 

Isiah H., born August 24, 1862. 

A daughter born December 13, 1864, died in infancy. 

Marrietta Goodman married Urbane Moore. They live 
near Canfield, Ohio. 

They have one son : 
Mervin, born December 4, 1889. 

Isiah II. Goodman married Lula Kyle. She was born Jan- 
uary 17, 1868. They live near Canfield, Ohio. 

Their children are : 
Mabel C, born April 23, 1888. 

(194) 



IMyron K., born Jainiiirv 22, 1895. 
Daisy IM., horn March 22, 1898. 
Esther K., horn Fehrnary 15, 1900. 
One child, which died in infancy. 



SARAH A. (GOODMAN) DUSTMAN. 

Sarah Ann Goodman, dani>hter of Henry and Joannah 
(Bowman) (loodman, was ])orn in Green township, Mahon- 
ing connty, Ohio, September 17, 1834. 

Sarah Ann Goodman and William Dustman were married 
December 25, 1859. Their home is near Berlin Center, Ohio. 

Tliey have two children: 
iMinnie, born Anj.;nst 25, 1861. 
Milton, born May 25, 1871. 



LOVINA (GOODMAN) ROOSE. 

Lovina Goodman, daughter of Henry and Joannah (Bow- 
man) Goodman, was born in Green township, Mahoning- 
county, Ohio, April 23, 1837. 

Lovina Goodman and Frank Roose were married April 
13, 1856. She was born November 28, 1836. They live at 
Auburn, Sebastin county, Arkansas. 

They have two children : 
Emery W., born May 13, 1860. 
Ida, born October 7, 1861. 

Emery W. Roose married Viola Philips May 16, 1881. 

They have five children : 
Winnie L., born May 16, 1882. 
Annie L., born November 1, 1883. 
Frank, born February 9, 1884. 
Everette, born January 29, 1886. 
Charles Earl, born February 23, 1899. 

Ida Roose married William H. Steele April 15, 1880, 

Their children are : 
Otis, born November 17, 1881, died Nov. 17, 1887. 
Everette, born March 11, 1883. 
Elma, born March 21, 1885, died July 3, 1886. 

(195) 



John F., born Aufjnst 17, 1887. 
Williiim I'., ))orn September 17, 1889. 
Grant, I)orn Julv 26, 1892. 






XII. 

KACHEL BOWMAN RICHARDS. 

Rachel Bowman, younjie.st child of Philip Casper and 
Katy (Fast) Bowman, was born in, Green township, 
Mahonino' county, Ohio, February 1!), 1807. 

Rachel Bowman and Samuel Richards were married in 
Columbiana county, Ohio, June 21, 1827, by Rev. Bostwick. 
^Sann^el Richards was the eldest son of Leonard and Betsy 
Richards, and was born in Jefferson county, Ohio, December 
28, 1803. 

When a young man he located in Orange township, Ash- 
land county, Ohio, where he was one of the early pioneers, 
clearing the dense forest and preparing the fields for cul- 
ture. In 1857 he and his family moved to Troy township, 
the same county. They were both consistent christians and 
faithful members of the IMethodist Episcopal church. 

Rachel Bowman Richards died November 21, 1873, aged 
66 years. Samuel Richards died August 24, 1878, aged 75 
years. They were both buried in the cemetery at Nova, 
Ashland county, Ohio. 

Samuel and Rachel Richards raised twelve children, 
six sons and six daughters as follows: ' 

Eliza Richards, born June 3, 1828. 
Albert W. Richards, born July 7, 1830. 
Catherine Richards, born July 26, 1832. 
Rebecca Richards, born July 2, 183-1:. 
Safronia Richards, born May 12, 1836. 
Jason B. Richards, born April 7, 1838. 
John J. Richards, born April 8, 1840. 
Emily J. Richards, born March 11, 1842. 
Julia A. Richards, born December 27, 1845. 
Hiram II. Richards, born June 23, 1847. 
Dr. Oliver B. Richards, born April 9, 1849. 
Joshua C. Richards, born June 3, 1852. 



\^^ 



ELIZA RICHARDS VANCE- 

Eliza Richards, daughter of Samuel and Rachel (Bow- 
man) Richards, was born June 3, 1828. She married Solo- 
man Vance. 

They reside at New London, 'Ashland county, Ohio. 

The names of their children are : 

Oliver B., born June 15, 1851, died 

Rachel C, born June 18, 1853. 
0. H., born March 11, 1855. 
Isadora V., born February 7, 1857. 

Solomon P., born March 6, 1859, died 

Sarah S., born November 25, 1860. 
Catherine C, born January 22, 1864. 
Lena I., born May 26, 1866. 

The postoffice addresses of those living are as follows : 

Rachel C. Simmons, Nova, Ohio. 

0. H. Vance, Nankin, Ohio, R. F. D. No. 1. 

Isadora E. Waggoner, Republican City, Nebraska. 
Sarah S. Vance, New London, Ohio. 
Catherine C. Lawrence, Copenhagen, N. Y. 
Lena I. Graves, Shelby, Ohio. 



JASON B. RICHARDS. 

Jason B. Richards, son of Samuel and Rachel (Bowman)- 
Richards, was born April 7, 1838. 

Jason B. Richards married. Their residence is at New 
London, Ohio. 

The names of their children and dates of birth are as fol- 
lows: 

Mary E., born July 7, 1861. 
Amy B., born March 18, 1865. 
Charles W., born March 25, 1867. 
Hiram B., born May 18, 1873. 
Eunice R., born December 10, 1876. 
Harriet J., born January 21, 1885. 

These persons reside as follows: 

Mary E. Conning, Seattle, Wash., 1113, 13th Ave., South. 

Amy Van Horn, Wooster, Mass., 34 Richard St. 

Charles W. Richards, New London, Ohio, R. F. I). No. 1. 

Hiram B. Richards, Bremerton, Wnsh., Box 233. 

Eunice R. Carr, Cleveland, Ohio, Lake Front Ave. 

(i<m) 



Harriet J. TIartman, Now Loiidon, Ohio. 
Biographical Sketch of Samuel Richards and Rachel Bow- 
man, His Wife. 

Samuel Richards, oldest son of Leonard and Betsy Rich- 
ards, was born in Jefferson county, Ohio, December 2:3, 1808. 
When a young- man he located in Orange township, Ashland 
county, Ohio, and removed to Troy county in 1857. Orange 
township was at that time thinly settled, but densely tim- 
bered, and the pioneers performed a prodigy of labor' in re- 
moving the forest and preparing the fields for culture. He 
was luarried to Rachel, youngest daughter of Philip and 
Katy Bowman (who was born February 19th, 1807) June 
21, 1827, by the Rev. Dr. S. Bostwick in Columbiana county. 
To them were born twelve children, six sons and six dauoji- 
ters, to-wit : ''. 

Albert, Jason B., John J., Hiram H., Dr. J. 0. B and 
Joshua C, Eliza, Catherine M., Rebecca, Sophronia, Emily 
J. and Julia A. Of the above children Catherine, Julia A'., 
Sophronui, Albert and Hiram H. are deceased. Rebecca 
and Emdy J. reside in Eaton county, Michigan. John J., 
Dr. J. 0. B. and Joshua C. reside in Ashland county, Ohio! 
Jason B. and Eliza reside in New London, Huron countv 
Ohio. ^ ' 

Eliza married Solomon Vance. Rebecca married James 
Murray. Sophronia married Dr. George Weedeman. Emily 
married George W. Signs, and Julia married Thomas Eliot 

Rachel Richards died November 21st, 1873. Samuel Rich- 
ards died August 24th, 1878. They were both consistent 
christians and members of the M. E. church. They are 
buried in the cemetery at Nova, Ashland county. Peace to 
their ashes. 

Katy Bowman, mother of Rachel Richards, was the sister 
of Christian Fast, who was taken captive by the Delaware 
Indians m June, 1781, near the falls of the Ohio. He re- 
mained with the Indians about two years and then made his 
escape and returned to his old home in Favette county Pa 
His Indian name was Molnnthe, so named by his captors 
For a full account of his capture and escape see Hill's His- 
tory of Ashland county, Ohio, pages 138-188. 

S. VANCE. 




Mrs. Catherine Stentz Dunlop. 




John P. Stentz. 




Mrs. John P. Stentz. 




Peter Stentz and wife. 




Jesse E. Stentz. 




Mrs. Lydia Stentz. 




William L. Morgan. 




Mrs. Sarah Stentz Morgan. 




Leonard R. Bowman and mother 



Death Ends Career of Pro- 
minent Young Man. 



(From Buckeye State, Liisboii, O,, Thursday,- March 4.) 

Herman McCoy Smiley died a short time before-s, 8 
o'clock Friday morning at his apartments in Smiley^s 
opera house. While his death had been anticipate^ by 
the members of his family and near friends, ye^!^>t^he 
announcement of it came as a shock to the general pub- 
lie, »naahy' of iwhom were not aware that his condition 
had, b.eeti'^so. 'Serious. For a number of years, since his 
boyhood' days in fact, he had been in ill health, but li^., 
made a. brave fight and had it not been for hi§ detet"- 
minat'ion to conquer he would doubtless long ago 'h^yje 
succumbed. = - , ^v*'* 

.Just before Easter of last year he went to deve'land 
to visit with relatives, and while there he contracted a 
severe cold and became seriously ill. Whea h'e .teturned 
home he did not. .regain -his former strength and for 
months past it has been known to those nearest to him 
that the termination of life for him could not be far 
distant. He suffered from bronchial trouble and dia- 
betis, and although his illness brought with it much suf- 
fering, the patience and fortitude which were dominant 
characteristics of his nature, were manifested to the 
last, and when death came to relieve his sufferings he 

(210) 



passed peacefully away. Yesterday he was able to be 
:ibt)ut Ills ai)artments, and once during the afternoon 
he walked downstairs to the oi)era house. Upon awaii- 
ening this morning he said to his mother, who had been 
at his bedside for four weelvs, that he had passed a 
good night and felt refreshed. A short time after while 
passing through the room she noticed a change of ex- 
pression ui)on his face which alarmed her, and hastily 
raising him she found that he was even then uncon- 
scious. Restoratives were applied but to no avail and 
within one-half hour the young man passed away with- 
out regaining consciousness. 

The long illness of this young man awakened the 
solicitude of his friends and neighbors, and there is sin- 
cere regret at his passing. He was born on the Samuel 
Bowman farm four miles west of Lisbon, on January 
2 0, 1S71, the only son of William R. and Sophia Bow- 
man Smiley. He attended the public schools of Lisbon, 
during which time he resided with his grandparents, 
the late Ebenezer Smiley and wife. Later he went to 
the home of relatives in Alliance and entered the high 
school there, graduating with honors in the class of 
'91. After completing his high school course he en- 
tered Mt. Union college, and after completing a course 
there secured a position wtih the Morgan Engineering 
works. Close application to his studies had impaired 
his health and handicapped as he was by disease, he 
was unable to continue in the work in which he would 
have succeeded had he been possessed of a strong phy- 
sique. Upon leaving Alliance he came back home and 
went to work on the farm but after a short time he 
also forced to abandon this. Ten years ago he erected 
the opera house on Jefferson street, which bears his 

(211) 



name, in which he fitted up apartments for his own use 
where he has spent much of the time since. 

Herman Smiley had always led an honorable and 
upright life and he was highly regarded by all who 
knew him. He was genial and large souled, of ex- 
emplary conduct among his fellow men, and his asso- 
ciates in social and business circles were among his 
closest friends. Early in life he united with Zion Luth- 
eran church, west of Lisbon. He was also a member of 
the Salem Order of Elks, the members of which will at- 
tend the funeral services on Sunday afternoon. 

Deceased is survived only by his mother, Mrs. W. 
D. Rayl, who resides near East Liverpool. The body 
of deceased remained in the apartments lately occupied 
by him until Saturday morning, when it was removed to 
the home of L. H. Miller on Cross street, who had 
been associated with him since the opening of the opera 
house. 

The funeral of Herman M. Smiley took place at 
the United Presbyterian church on Sunday afternoon 
and was conducted by Rev. A. L Young. The services 
were largely attended, many friends of the deceased 
from out of the city being in attendance. Those who 
served as pall-bearers were: W. G. Steele, L. H. Miller, 
F. M. Benner, W. D. Bristol and Dr. T. B. Marquis of 
this city, and W. T. King of Alliance. The body was 
laid to' rest in the city cemetery. 



Herman M. Smiley, a member of the committee, 
spent several years preparing the material for this 
work, devoting much time and labor to that end. About 
the time it was nearing completion Herman was called 
away by death, and was never privileged to see the re- 
sult of his earnest efforts. All the copy for the printer 
was type-written, and prepared with great care, and 
every detail was looked after in the most painstaking 
manner. He seemed to take great pride in the work 
and looked forward to the time when it would be com- 
pleted. Soon after he had placed the copy with the 
printer, and before the book was ready for the binder, 
he was taken with an illness from which he never ral- 
lied. The work will remain, however, as a monument 
to his energy and patriotism. THE PRINTER. 



^Ixy^ju^jy-^j^-'^'^^-^-ix. N^i^^wv-w- pfxA~^:vv- X^