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Rev. Andrew Broaddus. 

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Broaddus Family, 

From the Time of the Settlement of the 

Progenitor of the Family in the 

United States down to 

the year 1888. 






TUr I inn A IKKf 


The author of this history has written it at the request 
of friends in whose judgment he confides, and with whose 
wishes he has felt desirous to comply. But even these 
considerations would hardly have induced him to enter 
on an undertaking so beset with perplexities and diffi- 
culties had these been fully anticipated. It has been no 
easy task to straighten out the tangled skein of relation- 
ship between the members of a family so numerous and 
so widely scattered as that of which this history treats. 
After all his efforts in this direction, the author is well 
aware that he has met with but indifferent success. 
Never having seen a treatise on heraldry, and having no 
acquaintance with the principles (if there be any) on 
which genealogical trees are constructed, the author has 
been at a loss to fix on the best plan for tracing the 
lineage of the members of the family with which he has 
had to do. After some hesitation he determined to take 
the children of the first person of the name of whom any- 
thing is known, in the order of their ages, and to trace 
the descendants of each as far as these have been ascer- 
tained. That is, after following down the line of the old- 
est child as far as it could be traced, then to return and 
take the next oldest, and so on. This appeared to be the 
most natural and the least objectionable plan. 


Vlll PRErACE. 

The genealogical chapters even of the Bible are very 
dry reading, and a similar array of names in any other 
book must be even less interesting. The author has tried 
to break the monotony of such dull reading, in the present 
volume, by recording incidents of family history which 
seem to have some interest, and by efforts at the delinea- 
tion of character. The extent to which he has succeeded 
must, of necessity, be left to the judgment of the reader. 

Possibly it may be objected by some that, in this 
history, disproportionate space has been given, by the 
author, to the members of his immediate family, and to 
his intimate acquaintances. To any such objection the 
answer is. that the author must, of necessity, have said 
most concerning those of whom he knew most, and that 
he has gladly rec' ived and fr^-ely used information from 
any quarter, and in regard to any member of the family. 

The facts stated in regard to the early history of the 
Broaddus family were derived from an account written 
more than half a century ago by Judge A. S. Broaddus, 
now of Texas, from the dictation of his mother, then an 
old woman. These statements, I have no doubt, are in 
the main correct, as they came from an intelligent lady 
who had good opportunity to know whereof she affirmed. 
In addition to the information derived from Judge Broad- 
dus' record the writer is indebted for sketches of their 
respective families to Andrew Broaddus, of Louisville, 
Ky., Rev. W. A. Gaines, of South Carolina, AVm. 0. 
Broaddus, of Arkansas, Judge Elbridge J. BroadduK, of 
Missouri, Wm. H. C. Broaddus, of Arkansas, Dr. Thomas 
E. Broaddus, of Missouri, Miss Laviuia Broadus. of 
Charlestovvn, W. Va.,. Dr. John A. Broadus, of Louis- 


ville.Ky., and Hon. Andrew Broaddus, of Luray, Va.; and 
he is under special obligations to Rev. M. E. Broaddus, of 
Clinton, Mo., for the interest he has manifested in the 
preparation of this work, and for his active efforts in 
obtaining materials. He has also bad charge of the pub- 
lication of the same. 

It will be seen by those who shall read this little vol- 
ume with any attention, that there are several branches 
of the Broaddus family whose lineage the author has been 
unable to trace; so that even in this respect it is an im- 
perfect history. But in spite of these drawbacks it is 
committed to the hands of the printer with the hope that 
at least some who read it may find in its pages matter of 
entertainment, and perhaps even of profit. A. B. 

Spahta, Va., Feb. 13, 1888. 


It is time to cease calling ours a new country. In the 
Atlantic States there has long been something of that 
interest in history which is one characteristic of older 
communities. Centennial celebrations have of late been 
spreading into Kentucky and Ohio, and cannot fail to 
promote historical inquiry. An humble, but quite im- 
portant department of such inquiry is into the history of 
families. In the States immediately west from Virginia, 
one often meets persons who will say, "My father- or, 
my grandfather— came from Virginia." Yet they will 
frequently not know from what county in Virginia, and 
very seldom know anything of their kindred now living 
in the Old Dominion. In the Atlantic States it is not 
uncommon to find a family which has continued to be 
largely represented in the same general locality 
for a century or even two centuries. If any person of 
such a family connection became widely known, those 
who moved westward often retained the memory of their 
kinship to him; and this makes it possible to gather a 
somewhat complete family history. Thus very nearly all 
persons throughout the South and West who bear the 
name of Broaddus are aware of being akin to the famous 
Rev. Andrew Broaddus, of Virginia. In my own boyhood 
it was a great delight to make a long journey on horse- 



back to one and another "Association," which it was re- 
ported that this venerable inan would attend; and no lit- 
tle pride was felt in being even remotely akin to one so 
famous and so gifted. Even those branches of the family 
which it has not been possible to trace in collecting 
material for this volume would doubtless be found, 
wherever they exist, to maintain the same recollection, 
often attesting it by the use of the name Andrew. 

A son of this central person in the family history has 
continued to live in the home of his ancestors, and has 
been personally well acquainted with the wide circle of 
families having the same blood in that part of Eastern 
Virginia. It is an occasion of gratitude that he has been 
spared to prepare this work, as no one else would have 
been nearly so well qualified for the task. 

If any person of some other family who may glance at 
these pages should feel the desire to obtain a similar 
history, it may be suggested that he must look to the 
older States for materials, and in general for persons 
cherishing the requisite interest in the undertaking. 

For the practical enterprise of securing and publishing 
this family history, those concerned are entirely indebt- 
ed to Eev. M. E. Broaddus, whose zealous and efficient 
exertions deserve our hearty gratitude. As the demand 
for such a volume cannot in the nature of things be large, 
it is suggested that all members of the family connection 
who can aflbrd to do so shall procure several copies. Why 
should not a father give one to each of his children, 
writing the name in the book, with a charge to preserve 
it carefully and hand it down to future generations? If 
such family histories were numerous and many copies 


preserved, the future difficulty of preparing works of 
general history would be greatly lessened. 

It is likely that all persons of the Broaddus name or 
blood who may look through this volume will feel some- 
what more closely drawn together, and perhaps, take 
some pleasure in thinking of kindred far remote from 
themselves in time or place. And it may not be amiss to 
offer the respectful suggestion that in every household 
this might be made the occasion of wholesome exhorta- 
tion. Noble men and lovely women will be found men- 
tioned, most of them all too briefly, on the successive 
pages of this little volume. Teach your children that 
these are their kindred; and that they themselves must 
beware of being the first to disgrace the name, and must 
strive to be not the least in bearing it worthily and 
giving it further claims upon the general respect. Let 
us all endeavor to rear our families in the highest possible 
intelligence and moral preparation for usefulness, in the 
fear of God and the Christian's immortal hope; and so to 
pursue our individual lives that those who come after 
shrill feel at least no shame in being our kindred. 

The author of this volume, Dr. A. Broaddus, naturally 
abstained from saying much about himself, while speak- 
ing in the most generous eulogy of his kinsfolk. It has 
been suggested that the desire which will doubtless be 
felt by the whole family connection to know more con- 
cerning him might be partly gratified by a brief account 
in this Introduction, which will not pass under his eye. 


Andrew Broaddus, Junior (known during his father's 
life and long afterwards as Andrew Ju.) was born in 
Caroline County, Va. After attending various neighbor- 
hood schools and then the Rappahannock Academy, a 
boarding school of high grade, he went first to the Rich- 
mond Seminary (now Richmond College), and afterwards 
to the Columbian College (now Columbian University) in 
Washington City. After an early marriage he purchased 
a farm near the village of Sparta, which has ever since 
been his home. 

It was not till the age of 28 that he made a profession 
of religion, and being baptized by Rev. R. W. Cole, joined 
the Salem Church. He soon commenced speaking in 
public, before long was ordained, and for several years 
was pastor of Carmel and Bethesda Churches in Caroline. 
When his father died in 1848, he was called to Salem and 
Upper King and Queen Churches, of which he has ever 
since been pastor. 

It was matter of early and frequent remark that 
Andrew Ju. was Jjuite unlike his father. The one had 
been rich in all delicate and beautiful fancies and charm- 
ing sentiments, and remarkable for suavity and grace, 
and for shrinking sensitiveness. The other was thorough- 
ly practical, self-reliant and straightforward. It is quite 
possible that a natural feeling of independence led him 
by choice to pursue lines of exertion and self-develop- 
ment as unlike his father as possible. For often, when he 
would allow himself the chance or would be carried away 
by his theme, he has shown, at least for some passing 
moment, a power of imagination, a wealth of tender feel- 
ing, and always an unconquerable preference for the re- 


tiring life of a country pastor, which vividly recalled 
notable traits in his honored father. Dr. Broaddus is a 
man of unusual strength of character, of decided con- 
victions and high moral courage. He seems to revel in 
the sharp conflicts of high debate, especially where he is 
in a minority, or even seems to stand alone. Yet no man 
has a warmer or more affectionate heart. Not only his 
family, but various special friends have always been the 
objects of his most tender affection. His generous ex- 
penditure of time and money upon the afflicted and the 
needy has been in the highest degree remarkable ; and 
though always receiving a moderate salary he has given 
to general religious benevolence and local charities what 
would in the aggregate amount to large sums. 

He possesses a rich store of varied and accurate infor- 
mation. In all the region where he lives his opinions are 
in constant demand, not only on religious points, but on 
business questions, on matters of law and medicine; and 
he has a great reputation as a peacemaker. He shows 
thorough knowledge and strong feelings in regard to 
political questions and leading public men of the past and 
the present. 

As a speaker. Dr. Broaddus is deliberate, perspicuous, 
instructive and forcible. He never discusses any subject 
without leaving his hearers with clearer views in regard 
to it. In the pulpit his style is uniformly solemn and 
reverential. On the platform, he is sometimes highly 
humorous, and his speeches reveal the keenest wit, as 
also appears in his delightful conversation. His illustra- 
tions are drawn, without apparent efibrt, from the whole 
range of literature and history, as well as from the various 


occupations of men, and from tttcispiences, the mechanical 
arts, and the great book of nature. In the exposition of 
Scripture he is singularly clear and attractive. His 
articles in various periodicals are always vigorous, and 
often felicitous in a high degree. A beloved and success- 
ful pastor, an oracle among all the people of two counties, 
and respected throughout the State, Dr. Broaddus has 
lived a noble and honored life, which in tangible useful- 
ness has probably even surpassed that of his distinguish- 
ed father. John A. Bkoadus. 


Ancestral pride, when it induces self- 
respect, elevates above mean actions, and 
incites to worthy deeds, is praiseworthy. But 
to claim credit, or to assume airs of superior- 
ity on account of the character, the reputa- 
tion, or the position of one's connections has 
as little support in right reason, as it has in 
the Scriptures, which teach that " every one 
shall give account of himself to God." If 
men may claim credit for the abilities dis- 
played, the attainments reached, the distinc- 
tion acquired, or the virtues practiced by 



some of their relatives, it follows that they 
are responsible for the vices and misconduct 
of others ; and, in such adjustment of ac- 
counts, the balance will often be found largely 
against the claimant. But while true honor 
cannot be conferred by the virtues, nor real 
disgrace inflicted by the vices of relatives, 
yet a desire to know something of those 
connected with us by ties of blood, and grati- 
fication in the assurance that some of them 
have deserved well of the community, are 
natural feelings, and if not commendable, are 
certainly not censurable. It is to meet this 
desire, and to gratify this feeling that the fol- 
lowing history is written : for it is intended 
not for the general public, but for the family 
whose lineage and connection it records, and 
for any others who may feel a personal inter- 
est in that family. 

There can be little question that the name 
Broaddus, was originally Broadhurst, con- 


tracted readily, lirst in pronunciation and 
afterwards in spelling, into Broaddus. There 
are now, in the United States, persons who 
wear the name Broadhurst, and the ancestors 
of these, I have little doubt, held in Wales 
(whence both the name and the family origi- 
nated) a common origin, a common name, and 
a family connection with the ancestors of the 
present Broaddus family of this country. 
On this point Dr. John A. Broadus writes : 
" The name Broaddus, according to a tradi- 
tion in the family, is a contraction of Broad- 
hurst. One of the family* found some years 
ago in London that whenever he gave his 
name to a shop-keeper or the like for sending 
home a package, it was without hesitation 
written Broadhurst. The name corresponds 
to Whitehurst, Deerhurst, Penhurst, Med- 
hurst, etc. The word Hurst alone is also a 
family name. It signifies a wooded hill or 

*Dr..T. A. B. himself. 


knoll, SO that all the names of the group are 
primarily territorial. While the name is 
evidently Anglo-Saxon, it is a tradition that 
the family came from Wales. The late Pro- 
fessor Benjamin Davies, of Regent's Park 
College, London, explained this by stating 
that there has long been a considerable 
Anglo-Saxon settlement in South Wales. He 
once lived there and remembers the name 
Hurst as existing among them. It is certain 
that the family is not of properly Welsh, i. e., 
Celtic origin, but is Anglo-Saxon. The name 
Broadhurst is frequently found in London, and 
Henry Broadhurst is now a member of Par- 
liament, and was a member of Mr. Gladstone's 
last government. All who spell the name in 
the abridged form Broaddus, or Broadus, in 
all parts of our Southern and Western States, 
are found to be aware of kinship to the late 
Rev. Andrew Broaddus of Caroline county, 


The family name is written by a few mem- 
bers of the family with only one d, but by the 
great majority with two ds. This difference 
of spelling furnished occasion for the story of 
" the two ds," which the late Rev. Dr. "Wm. 
F. Broaddus frequently told, and which, 
with his taste and talent for the humorous, 
he greatly enjoyed, though it was through his 
own oversight that the ludicrous mistake in- 
volved was made. This story is well known 
in Virginia, but as this history will probably 
fall into the hands of some who never heard 
it, it may not be amiss to relate it here. 

At one time Dr. Broaddus was the pastor of 
the Baptist church in Fredericksburg, Ya. 
During his pastorate a new church building 
was erected. After the house was finished 
the pews were sold and Dr. Broaddus bought 
one. Among the members of the church was 
a gentleman of taste and energy; and Dr. 
Broaddus commissioned this gentleman to 


purchase a plate, have his (Dr. B.'s) name 
engraved on it, and affix it to his pew. In 
giving instructions about the plate, Dr. Broad- 
dus directed that only the surname, Broaddus, 
should be engraved on it, omitting the given 
name. He then added, "be sure and put in 
the two d's." Now it so happened that not 
long before this Columbian College had con- 
ferred on Dr. Broaddus the title Doctor of 
Divinity. After some time had elapsed, Dr. 
Broaddus noticed that the names of the 
owners had been affixed to nearly all the 
pews that had been . sold while his pew 
remained nameless. Meeting with the gen- 
tleman who had been commissioned to have 
the plate prepared. Dr. B. inquired as to the 
cause of the delay. The gentleman seemed 
somewhat embarrassed, and said he did not 
think there was room on the plate for the two 
d's. Dr. Broaddus replied, "It is only one 
more letter and that is not a capital." "No," 


said the gentleman, " there are two letters 
and both are capitals." It then came out 
that the gentleman understood Dr. Broaddus 
as requesting that his new title, D. D., should 
be affixed to his name ; and this the gentle 
man thought in such wretched taste, that he 
postponed having tlie plate engraved, with 
the hope that Br. Broaddus would himself see 
the impropriety, not to say the absurdity of 
having '• Broaddus, D. D.," engraved on his 
pew plate. 

The difference in the spelling of tlie name 
Broaddus came about, according to the infor- 
mation of the present writer, in this wise. 
Some ninety or a hundred years ago, a mem- 
ber of the family went from Caroline county, 
Va., where at that time nearly all the Broad- 
duses resided, to Culpeper county in tlie same 
State. After he married and settled in the 
last named county, all intercourse ceased 
between liini and the members of the famih' 


in Caroline, and for convenience, or from some 
other cause, he dropped one d out of his 
name.* His spelling has been followed by 
very few, even of his own descendants, while 
all others of the name have retained the two 
d's. As an abstract question, I think the 
spelling with one d is to be preferred, because 
it is more in harmony with the supposed 
etymology of the name, accords better with 
the sound, and is more readily written. If 
there could be general concurrence in the 
change, by those wearing the name, the pres- 
ent writer would be very willing to drop one 
d from the middle of his name, and either 
with or without such concurrence, he would 
be equally willing to drop the two d's that 
have been tacked on to the end of it. In this 
history the name will be written as it is 

*See below. Dr. John A.Broadus' account of the origiu of the dif. 
ference in the spelling of the family name. It differs from the account 
above given, and also from the account given by Dr. Wm. F. Broaddus: 
but seems to be the most probable. 


spelled by those who wear it, the d being in- 
serted or omitted according to the practice 
of the person mentioned, so far as that prac- 
tice may be known to the writer. 

But whether the name be spelled with one 
d, or with two d's, or whether it has been en- 
tirely changed by marriage for altogether 
another name, there lias always been a dispo- 
sition wherever any Broaddns blood existed, 
to " claim kin," however remote the rela- 
tionship. To this disposition is, probably, 
due the fact that track has been kept, for 
more than a hundred and fifty years, of many 
branches of a family so numerous, and so 
widely scattered ; and to the same disposi- 
tion is to be attributed, I judge, the desire 
expressed by so many persons connected 
with the Broadduses, that a record should be 
made and preserved of the family lineage 
and history. 

The first Broaddus of whom anything is 


known — the progenitor of the family in the 
United States, was 


who emigrated from Wales and settled on 
Gwynn's Island, in Virginia. In Judge A. S. 
Broaddus' narrative Gwynn's Island is located 
in James River. This is evidently a mistake. 
There is no such island in James River. But 
there is a Gwynn's Island in the Piankitank 
River, in Matthews county, Va., near the 
junction of that river with the Rappahannock. 
It was there, doubtless, that Edward Broad- 
dus first settled. It is not known in what 
year he emigrated from Wales, nor how long- 
he remained on Gwynn's Island. From there 
he came in 1715, to the lower part of Caroline, 
then King and Queen county, Va., and pur- 
chased a farm on which he resided till his 
death, at about the age of seventy. He was 
twice married. The maiden name of his tirst 


wife is not known, nor is it known whether 
she came with him from Wales, or whether 
he married her after reaching the United 
States. His second wife was Mary Shipley, 
whom he married before coming to Caroline. 
By his first marriage Edward Broaddus had 
two sons, Thomas and Richard, and two or 
three daughters, the name of only one of 
whom, Dolly, is remembered. By his second 
marriage he had five sons, John, William, 
James, Shipley and Robin, and one daughter, 
Elizabeth. Edward Broaddus appears to 
have been a sober, plodding, laborious man, 
who, by industry and economy, accumulated 
sufficient property to give his children a start 
in the world. 

Thomas Broaddus, oldest son of Edward, 
by his first marriage, like his father, spent 
his life in agricultural pursuits. He died 
suddenly at seventy years of age, never hav- 
ing removed from Caroline county. He was 


a soldier in the Revolutionary war. He mar- 
ried Ann Redd, by whom he had seven sons, 
Edward, Thomas, Shildrake, Mordecai, John, 
Richard and Redd, and four daughters, Cath- 
arine, Elizabeth, Ann and Sarah. His wid- 
ow, Ann, was greatly respected by her ac- 
quaintances, and greatly beloved by her 
relatives, and died at the advanced age of 
ninety-six years. 

The following record of his descent from 
the first Thomas Broaddus is furnished by 
Andrew Broaddus, of Louisville, Ky.; it also 
supplies the only account I have seen of any 
of the descendants of Robin Broaddus, the 
seventh son of the first settler. Andrew 
Broaddus says : " We are descendants of 
Thomas Broaddus, the first son of Edward, 
through my grandmother Elizabeth Motley, 
and of Robin, the seventh son of Edward, 
through my grandfather, William. The 
record is : 

broaddus family. 29 

Thomas Broaddus 
Ann Redd, his wife. 
Children as follows : 
Edward Catharine 

Thomas Elizabeth 

Shil drake Ann 

Mordecai Sarah 


Catharine Broaddus 


Edwin Motley. 

Tlieir children : 

William Elizabeth 

John Polly 

Richard and six others. 

Robert or Robin Broaddus 


Sarah Harwood, his wife. 

Children as follows : 


Warner Mary 

William Caroline 

Robert America 

The record of all but William is missing. 
William Broaddus 

Elizabeth Motley. 
Tlieir children : 
Reuben Betsy 


Reuben Broaddus (1st son) 
Martha Lavinia Oliver. 
Their children : 
William Willintina 

Robert Bruce Martha Ellen 

John Mary Emily 


Reuben Virginia 

Andrew Catharine E. 

Edwin Broaddus (2nd son) 
Eliza Montague. 
Mascoe \^irginia 

William Betty 

Robert Broaddus (3rd son). 
One child — name unknown. 
Warner, 4th son, died at 19 years of age. 
William, 5th son — no offspring. 
Mordecai, 6th son — no offspring. 

William Broaddus, son of Robin Broaddus 
and Sarah Harwood, with his wife, Elizabeth 
Motley, settled near Glenn's P. O., Gloucester 
county, Ya. The house in which he lived was 
a substantial brick structure, the walls being 
two feet thick, with stair rails of solid wal- 
nut. It is still standing, being now occupied 
hy the widow of William, son of Edwin 


Broaddus. The house is now 147 years old. 
Reuben Broaddus, with his wife and three 
children, Robert B., John F. and Willintina, 
(Wm. L. died in infancy), emigrated to Cin- 
cinnati in 1831, and thence to Covington, 
K}*., in 1841. Of their children four, Reuben, 
Jr., Martha Ellen, Mary Emily and Andrew, 
were born in Cincinnati, and three, Virginia 
R., Mary Emily, (the first of this name died 
in infancy), and Catharine Emma, in Cov- 

Reuben was a carpenter and builder, at 
which he was very successful. He was a 
member of the Baptist church from his youth 
— a man of strict integrity, and of the highest 
sense of honor. He was a kind, indulgent 
father, and a model husband; his wife, 
Martha, a gentle Christian woman. All their 
children, that reached the age of discretion, 
united with the Baptists, except Robert 
Bruce, who, although he always attended 


churcli, did not profess religion until a few 
years ago, wlien lie joined the Presbyterian 
church, of which his wife was a member. He 
(R. Bruce), the oldest after William's death, 
married Harriet J. Wilson, of Kenton county, 
Ky., and has since then followed farming. 
He has had four children, Roderick, Emma, 
Tina and Addie. Emma, now dead, married 
Edward Bryson. Tina married Charles Poor, 
Roderick and Addie are unmarried, and live 
with their parents. John F. was a carpenter 
in his earlier years, but for several years 
prior to his death in 1860, he held the office 
of General Purchasing Agent of the Kentucky 
Central railroad. He married Adien Riggs, 
of Covington. He left one son, Charles, who 
is unmarried, and lives in Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia. Reuben died in infancy. Andrew 
(the writer of this record) went into the Con- 
federate army at 21 years of age, becoming a 
member of Co. I., 2nd Kentucky Cavalry, 


Gen. Morgan's command, and continued in 
the service until tlie end of the war. Return- 
ing home, he remained in Covington a few 
months, and then became connected with the 
Louisville & Nashville Railroad, and now 
holds position as Assistant General Freight 
Agent of that Company's lines. He married 
Miss Mary Amelia Smith, of Louisville, by 
whom he had five children, Jessie, Mortimer, 
Bruce, Russel and Logan. His wife died in 
1882, and he was again married in 1887, to 
Mrs. Frank Duncan Martin, of Nashville, 
Tenn. He is a deacon of Chestnut St. Baptist 
church, Louisville, the Superintendent of its 
Sunday school, and leader of the choir. 

Willintina married Charles Bodeker, by 
whom she has four children, Edwin, Willin- 
tina, Fannie and Nellie. 

Martha Ellen married Dr. D. B. Miller, but 
died without issue. 

Virginia R. married Dr. D. B. Miller, ("her 


brother-in-law), and died, leaving two sons, 
Reuben and Clifford. 

Catharine remained single till her death in 

Mary Emily, (the second of the name) died, 
aged 11 years. 

Reuben Broaddus, Sr., the father of the 
preceding, died in 1865, aged 66 years ; Mar- 
tha, his wife, in 1879, aged 72 years. 

Referring back to the children of my grand- 
father, it may be stated that Edwin, second 
son of William, learned the shoemaker's 
trade in Richmond, Va. During his appren- 
ticeship, most of his leisure time was occupied 
in reading, through favor of a book-seller, 
who was his friend and gave him access to 
books. By his fondness for reading, aided 
by a very retentive memory, his mind be- 
came a storehouse of much useful knowl- 
edge. He afterwards was chosen Justice of 
the Peace, in Gloucester county, and held the 


office many years, being Sheriff of the county 
four years. He was a Baptist more than fifty 
years, and for a long time a deacon in a Bap- 
tist church. He died in Gloucester county, 
where he had always lived, except when an 
apprentice in Richmond, aged 80 years. 

Muscoe, oldest son of Edwin, married a 
Miss Mountcastle, of Richmond. He now 
lives in Philadelphia, and is an employee of 
the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. 

William, second son, married Miss Susan 
Boone, of King and Queen county. He died 
in 1885. 

Virginia, eldest daughter, married W. A. 
Jones, of New Kent, and resides in King and 

Bettie, second daughter, has never married 
and resides in Baltimore. 

Robert, third son of William, emigrated to 
Ohio in 1831, married and died, leaving one 
child, of whom nothing is known. 


Warner, fourth son of William, died, aged 
19 years. 

William, fifth son of William, was a gradu- 
ate of William and Mary College, and taught 
school in Middlesex county for a number of 
years. It is said that his schoolmates all 
speak in the highest terms of his ability, and 
that many of the most sensible women of that 
day were educated by him. Subsequently he 
engaged in merchandizing, at Churchview, 
Va., and was so engaged up to the time of his 

Mordecai, sixth son of William, died in 
early youth. 

Betsy, only daughter of William, married 
Mr. Robins, of Middlesex, by whom she had 
several children, of whom four are still living, 
viz. : 

Mrs. Lolla Wright, of Essex, a widow with 
two daughters. 


Broaddus Robins, now with the First 
National Bank, Richmond, Va. 

Albert Robins, a druggist in Richmond, Va. 

Mrs. Cell Winston, who, with her husband, 
lives somewhere in the West. 

There are persons of our name in Clarks- 
ville, Tenn., Lancaster, Ky., Helena, Ark., 
and Bloomington, Ind." 

Edward Broaddus, (better known as Ned 
Broaddus), was a respectable farmer. He was 
killed by two of his slaves, Cato and Patrick. 
Cato, with an axe, split his master's head 
open, and then the two, raising a fallen tree, 
put the body under it to induce the impres- 
sion that the man had been killed by the fall 
of the tree. Cato was hung for the crime, 
and Patrick was transported. " Ned " Broad- 
dus married a Miss Brown, from the southern 
part of the State, by whom he had one son, 
Thomas. His wife died soon after the birth 


of her child. After her death he married a 
widow Mitchel, her maiden name having been 
Hickman. By this marriage he had two 
daughters, Nanc}^ and Sally. I have not 
been able farther to trace the descendants of 
"Ned" Broaddus. 

Thomas Broaddus, the second son of 
Thomas (the oldest son of the first settler), 
was bred a carpenter, but after his marriage 
engaged in farming, in which he was very 
successful. He was a man of steady habits, 
sound sense, and grave and sedate deport- 
ment. He died at the advanced age of 83 
years. He was twice married. His first wife 
was Martha Jones, of Essex county, by 
whom he had three sons, James J., Silas J., 
and John W., and eight daughters, Sally, 
Nancy, Elizabeth, Martha, Harriet, Catharine, 
Emily and Martha Ellen. His second wife 
was a widow Watkins, by whom he had no 


James J. Broaddus, oldest son of Thomas, 
held an honorable position in the community 
for sobriety and integrity. By industry and 
good management he accumulated a hand- 
some property and he died at about seventy 
years of age, respected and esteemed by all 
who knew him. He was married three times. 
By his first marriage he had two sons. Albert 
and William, both of whom died childless ; 
and one daughter, Martha, who married 
Edmund Sale, and has two sons, Judson, mar- 
ried to Nannie Gouldin, and William, married 
to Jennie Marshall, and one daughter, Alma, 
married to James Dillard. By his second 
marriage, James J. Broaddus had two sons, 
John, married first to Laura Motley, and 
afterwards to Lucy Gouldin, and Silas Bat- 
taile, who died, leaving seven children by his 
wife, Sally Gouldin; and two daughters, 
Emma, who married John Andrews, and died 
leaving one child, and Sally, married to 


Franklin Kidd. By his third marriage James 
J. Broaddus had no children. 

Silas J. Broaddus, second son of Thomas, 
married a Miss Lone;, the daughter of a 
Methodifst preacher, and became a very 
ardent and zealous Methodist. His surviving 
children are Olin, Wilbur, Irving, Woodford, 
Sarah and Virginia. 

Wilbur Broaddus stands high as a useful 
citizen and an intelligent and active Chris- 
tian. Like his father, he is a member of the 
Methodist Church. 

The following is the family record of 
Thomas Broaddus' daughters : 

Sally, married to Groldwin Puller. 

Children of this marriage : 

Parkinson, John B., James, Ellen, Harriet 
and Martha. 

Elizabeth, married to John Gouldin. 

Children of this marriage : 

Silas J., Thomas W., Battaile J., George. 


James Franklin, Martha J., Lavinia, Virginia, 
Maria Ann and Betty. 

Battaile J., George and Virginia, died 

Silas J., married Miss Susan Parker. Their 
living children are John, Silas, Wilton, Louis 
and Mollie. 

Thomas W. Gouldin, married Miss Louisa 
Redd. Their children are : John, Robley, 
Wortly, Edmonia, Lucy, Georgie, Nannie, 
Mollie Lou, Sally and Nelly. 

Harriet married Redd Sale. 

Their children (both dead) were Thomas R. 
and Woodford. 

Catharine married Robert R. Sale. 

The surviving children of this marriage are 
John O. and Fanny. 

Martha Ellen married Andrew S. Broaddus. 

Children of this marriage, some of whom 
are dead : 

Oscar, Reuben, Leland, Charles, Clay, 


Kingsford, Mary, Betsy, Lucy Ann, Martha 
Semple, Cornelia, Hattie and Nelly. 

A notice of Andrew S. Broaddus' talents 
and character will be found farther on, when 
we come to trace the descendants of John 
Broaddus, the third son of the first Edward. 

John Gouldin, who married Elizabeth 
Broaddus, was a man of unusually strong, 
though uncultivated intellect. By industry, 
economy, and wise management, he accumu- 
lated a large property. For many years he 
was a solid, reliable and useful member of a 
Baptist Church. His son, Dr. Thomas W. 
Gouldin, was a successful physician, and a 
most active and influential member of a Bap- 
tist Church. He took a leading part in every- 
thing that pertained to the interest of his 
Church, guiding in its discipline, superintend- 
ing its Sunday-school, leading in its prayer- 
meeting, and supporting its pastor by his cor- 
dial CO- operation. 


For six years the writer of these lines was 
his pastor, and, in a pastoral experience of 
more than forty years, he has known no mem- 
ber of any church with whicli he has been 
connected, whom he more liighly valued. 
Dr. Gouldin died in 1884, lamented by his 
family, and universally regretted by his 

The surviving children of John Gouldin are 
all active and influential Baptists. 

Their family record is as follows : 

Martha J. married William J. Broaddus. 

There were no children of this marriage. 

Lavinia married William S. White. 

Children of this marriage : 

George, Jack, William, Andrew, Nannie, 
Mattie and Callie. 

James Franklin, married first, Victoria R. 
Motley. Children of this marriage : Jack and 
Burnley. His second wife was Mrs. Virginia 
Green. Children of this marriage: Robley 


and Myrtle. His third wife was Miss Vir- 
ginia Talley. One child, Williamson, is the 
fruit of this marriage. 

Betty, married Lysander B. Conway. 

Children of this marriage : 

Lizzie, James, Coleman, Powhatan, Lysan- 
der B., and Eustace. 

Shildrake Broaddus, third son of the first 
Thomas Broaddus, was a farmer of steady 
habits and respectable standing. He married 
Mary Ann Pankey, by whom he had three 
children : Edwin, Catharine and Mary Ann. 
It is, I suppose, to this Edwin Broaddus, that 
W. O. Broaddus refers as " Ned Broaddus," 
in the following account, furnished by him, of 
his family descent. He says, "My great 
grandfather was Ned Broaddus. His wife's 
maiden name was Polly Pritchet. They 
moved from Virginia to Kentucky at an early 
day. They had eleven children, nine sons 
and two daughters. The sons were Richard, 


William, John, Beverly, Jeremiah, Elijah, 
Whitfield, James and Andrew; the daughters 
Polly and Betsy. My grandfather, Andrew, 
came to Missouri and married Grace Askin. 
He moved back to Kentucky in 1827. He had 
ten children, seven sons and three daughters : 
John E., Green B. F., Jeremiah, Andrew W., 
William F., Sydney C, Elbridge J., Mary, 
Margaret and Elizabeth. Grandfather, dur- 
ing his stay in Missouri, made one trip to 
Santa Fe', in companj^ with the famous Kit 
Carson. While on the trip, my grandfather 
had the misfortune accidentally to shoot 
himself through his right hand, and amputa- 
tion of the arm became necessary. His com 
panions performed the operation with a 
butcher knife, which, after being used to cut 
through the flesh, was converted into a saw 
by hacking the edge, and was then employed 
in sawing through the bone. The cauteriza- 
tion was done by using a heated king bolt 


from one of the wagons. [It would seem, 
from what follows, that this rough surgeiy 
did not at all shorten the life of the hardy 
subject of it.] My grandfather died Dec. 
24, 1872; grandmother died Aug. 14, 1876. 
They left forty-two grand- children and fifty- 
five great-grand children. My father, Jere- 
miah, married Juliet Oldham. There were 
born unto them eleven children, five boys and 
six girls: Andrew J., William O., Susan A., 
Mattie, Elbridge C, Jerry, Gracie, Etta, Eva, 
Lizzie and Lycurgus." 

In the foregoing account, by W. 0. Broad- 
dus the very fruitful marriages of his ances- 
try are wortli}^ of note ; though these were by 
no means exceptional cases in the Broaddus 

Since the above was written, I have received 
from Judge Elbridge J. Broaddus, a son of the 
Andrew Broaddus with the amputated arm, a 
sketch of his father's family. It is well writ- 


ten, but as it does not differ materially from 
the sketch furnished by his nephew, Wm. O. 
Broaddus, I do not copy it in full. It contains, 
however, some statements not mentioned by 
Wm. O. Broaddus, that are worthy of record. 
Elbridge J. Broaddus says of his mother: 
''The wife of Andrew Broaddus died in July, 
1876. It may be worthy of remark that while 
she was a resident of Missouri, she paid a 
visit to her friends in Kentucky, and made 
the trip going and returning on horseback, 
and thought it nice. She was remarkable for 
her devotion to her children, and the result of 
her interest in them for their good, can be 
seen in the characters of some of them in a 
marked degree." 

Of Green B. Broaddus his brother Elbridge 
writes : "He was the second son. He died in 
Kansas. He was First Lieutenant in Humphry 
Marshall's regiment of mounted rilies in the 
war with Mexico, and Major of the Seventh 


Kentucky Infantry, on the Federal side, in 
the civil war. He was in several engage- 
ments, particularly Perryville and Stone 
River, at which latter battle he was in com- 
mand of the regiment. He was repeatedly 
elected Sheriff of Madison county, Ky." 

Elbridge J. Broaddus seems himself to have 
attained very decided distinction. He was 
admitted to the bar at Richmond, Ky., in 
March, 1858. He removed to Chillicothe, 
Mo., in March, 1867, where he now resides. 
In 1874, he was elected Circuit Judge of the 
Seventeenth Judicial District of Missouri, and 
served six years. He is at present Attorney, 
in his State, for the Chicago, Milwaukee & 
St. Paul Railway. His son, Joseph, is a 
promising civil engineer. 

Mordecai Broaddus, fourth son of Thomas, 
was a successful farmer in Virginia, pursuing 
that calling all his life. He had a sprightly 
mind, streaked with a vein of humor, and was 


a great favorite with his acquaintances. He 
married Martha Reynolds, by whom he had 
two sons, Thomas and Mordecai R., and four 
daughters, Elizabeth, Nancy, Mary, and 
Fanny. He died aged 71. 

Thomas Broaddus, oldest son of Mordecai, 
by uprightness and benevolence won the re- 
spect and esteem of the community, and by 
sobriety, economy, and good management ac- 
cumulated a handsome property. He was 
noted for his kind and cordial hospitality. 
He died in old age, leaving two sons and two 
daughters. His oldest son, Dr. C. C. Broad- 
dus, has for many years enjoyed an extensive 
practice as a physician. His second son, W. 
W. Broaddus, is a farmer, and is the father of 
a number of children, with several grand- 
children. Thomas Broaddus' daughters are 
Maria, married to John L. Motley, Rosa, un- 
married, and Sarah, the widow of Dr. Alsop. 
He left a grandson, Richard Campbell, the 


son of a daughter, Virginia, who died during 
the life time of her father. 

Mordecai R. Broaddus, second son of Mor- 
decai, was a prominent man as a citizen, and 
as a member of Salem Baptist Church, in 
Caroline county, Va., of which, for many 
years, he was a deacon. He died soon after 
passing middle life. He married Sarah Ann 
Miller, who died recently in her 76th year, 
universally esteemed for her many excellent 
qualities. His surviving children are John P. 
Broaddus — a man of excellent sense, and un- 
blemished character, and an esteemed deacon 
of Salem Baptist Church — Thomas, and Atta- 
way, the widow of Captain William Kidd. 
His oldest son, A. W. Broaddus, died a few 
years ago, leaving quite a numerous family 
of children. 

John Broaddus, the fifth son of Thomas, 
was a successful farmer ; a man of integrity, 
industry, and strong sense, but rather stern 


in his manners and deportment. He married 
first America Broaddus, daughter of Robin, 
by whom he had four sons, James H., Morde- 
cai W., John and Warner, and five daughters, 
Nancy, Mahala, Theresa, Amanda, and Mary. 
His first wife died at the age of 35. He then 
married Martha Richerson, by whom he had 
two sons, Wm. Hyter and Robt. Semple, and 
one daughter, Jane. His second wife died at 
the age of 25, and he subsequently married 
Catharine Gatewood, by whom he had one 
son, Joseph A., and one daughter, Attaway. 
He died aged 73. Of the children of John 
Broaddus, above mentioned, only Amanda 
(widow of John Gravatt), Mary (widow of 

Puller), Robt. Semple, and Joseph A. 

survive. James H. Broaddus, the oldest son 
of John, died leaving two sons, Richard F. 
and George, and two daughters, Caroline and 
Agnes. Richard F. Broaddus, oldest son of 
James H., was a man of sterling worth ; sober, 


industrious, thrifty, upright and religious. 
After passing, in the Confederate service, un- 
hurt through the four years of the Civil War, 
he was killed by a fall from his horse a few 
months after the war closed. He married 
Miss Virginia Henshaw, by whom he had six 
children, Maurice E., Willie, Manl}^, Maxey, 
Frank, and EfBe. 

For several years Maurice E. Broaddus has 
been an acceptable, popular and prominent 
Baptist preacher. He was educated at the 
Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. He 
has held successful pastorates at Camden and 
at Clinton, S. C, and at present he is pastor of 
the Baptist Church at Clinton, Missouri. This 
is a progressive, flourishing, growing church, 
and the pastor is held in high estimation by 
the members of his charge, and by the com- 
munity in which he lives. He is distinguished 
by a generous nature, cordial and popular 
manners, and great energy and activity in 


promoting the cause of Christ in his own field, 
and by hearty co-operation in all benevolent 
and religious denominational enterprises. He 
attends denominational meetings far and near, 
and is an active and prominent figure at such 
gatherings. He was a delegate and attended 
the World's Conference of the Young Men's 
Christian Association in Berlin, Germany, in 
1884. He is in the prime and vigor of robust 
manhood, married Miss Lillie R. Caldwell, of 
South Carolina, and has several small children: 
Mary Y., Lucy H., Maurice E. Jr., Edna C, 
and Robert C. To him the writer is indebted 
for valuable aid in gathering materials for 
this history, and publishing the work. 

Mordecai W. Broaddus, second son of John, 
was a prominent and influential citizen, and a 
popular and useful Baptist preacher. He 
was especially gifted in hortatory preaching. 
He died of consumption, in the prime of life, 
leaving eight children, Joseph B., Robert F., 


William S,, John E. (an active Baptist, and 
an esteemed citizen), Ann Eliza, Virginia, and 
Betty. Of these only William S., Virginia, 
John E. and Betty are now living. 

John Broaddus, third son of John, lived to 
be 83 years of age, and died leaving four sons, 
Mordecai, Christopher, John and Frank, and 
four daughters, Martha Ellen, Betty, Anna, 
and Lucy. Warner Broaddus died unmarried. 
Wm. Hyter died a young man, leaving two 
children, of whom one, Mary Hyter, wife of 
O. D. Pitts, survives. Robert Semple lives in 
Mississippi, and has five children, xlileen, Cle- 
menza, Butler, Robert and Lewelyn. Joseph 
A. has three children, Ann, Julia and Philip. 

John Broaddus' daughters married as fol- 
lows: Nancy married John Cole, and had a 
number of children, among them Rev. Robert 
W. Cole, for many years a popular and use- 
ful Baptist preacher. Mahala married Willis 
Pitts. Her surviving children are Philip, 


Oscar, and Mary Susan. Her grandchildren, 
the children of her son Andrew, who died 
some years ago, are Geo. Henry, Eugene, Jef- 
ferson, Nelly, Lilly, and Nola. Theresa mar- 
ried George Marshall. Only two of her chil- 
dren, James and John, survive her. Amanda 
married John Gravatt. Her living children 
are Arthur, Robert, Amanda, Virginia, Sarah, 
Andrew, William and Ada. 

Richard Broaddus, sixth son of Thomas, 
was for several years a school teacher, and 
subsequently a farmer. He was also a Baptist 
preacher of some local note. He married a 
widow Jeter, by whom he had four daughters, 
Elizabeth, Nancy, Lucy, and Maria. He died 
aged 55. 

Catharine Broaddus, oldest daughter of 
Thomas, married Edwin Motley, by whom she 
had eleven children. Elizabeth, the second 
daughter, married Goldwin Puller, by whom 
she had seven children. Ann Broaddus (third 


daughter) married Captain Robert Sale, and 
died at 30 years of age, leaving three children. 
Of John Broaddns, the oldest son of Edward 
(the til St settler), by his second marriage, Rev. 
Dr. J. B. Jeter, of Virginia, in a memoir of 
Rev. Andrevf Broaddns, published thirty-live 
years ago, thus writes: "John Broaddns, son 
of Edward, was a man of strong and active 
mind, and well informed; he was first a school 
teacher, and afterwards a farmer. He was a 
zealous churchman, bitterly opposed to all 
dissenters ; and his devotion to the Establish- 
ed Church led him to publish one or two 
pamphlets, intended to confute and ridicule 
the Methodists, then a young and growing 
sect. He took part in the fearful struggle 
which terminated in freeing the American col- 
onies from British domination. He acted as 
commissary in the army ; and on one occasion, 
expecting the approach of the British troops, 
he employed his son, Andrew, then a small 


boy, to conceal his papers in the woods. He 
married a Miss Pryor, said to be a lineal de- 
scendant of Pocahontas, whose blood flows in 
the veins of so many distinguished families in 
Virginia. Of this marriage five sons and seven 
daughters were the bountiful fruit. 

William, the oldest son of John, possessed 
a bright intellect, was liberally educated, and 
intended by his father for the Episcopal min- 
istry. But alas! how uncertain are all human 
calculations ! He died in his 22nd year, just 
before the time set for his embarkation to 
England to receive ordination, changing the 
cheering hopes of his fond relatives into bitter 
disappointment and grief. Andrew, though 
very young at the time of his brother's death, 
loved him tenderly, and continued to the close 
of his life to entertain a fragrant remembrance 
of his virtues, and a lively admiration of his 
shining talents. He was often heard to say 
that he thought him not inferior to Pope as a 


poet. Making due allowance for fraternal 
partiality, it cannot be questioned that Wil- 
liam Broaddus was a young man of rare genius 
and great merit. His writings and draw- 
ings were carefully preserved by his brother 
Andrew, as an invaluable legacy, until they 
were, to his deep regret, burned with the 
house in which he lived." 

John Broaddus, second son of the John 
whose lineage we are now tracing, had unusual 
mechanical genius. During the Revolutionary 
war he manufactured many articles for his 
neighbors, they being cut off from obtaining 
any thing from England. His first wife was 
Sarah Zimmerman of Culpeper, by whom he 
had one child, William. After the death of 
his first wife he married Mary Ship, of Caro- 
line, by whom he had five children before he 
left Virginia for Kentucky in 1793. But little 
is known of him or of his family after he left 


Of Reuben Broaddus, the third son of John, 
Dr. Jeter thus speaks, in the memoir before 
quoted: "Few of the older men, who were 
accustomed to attend the Dover Association, 
before its division, can have forgotten the tall 
and venerable form of Reuben Broaddus. He 
was a man of sound but uncultivated intellect, 
remarkable for his prudence, simplicity of 
manners, and great firmness of purpose — for 
half a century an efficient deacon of Salem 
Baptist Church — an arbiter of all neighborhood 
disputes — a counsellor of the perplexed, and a 
comforter of the distressed." Reuben Broad- 
dus married Elizabeth Garland, of Gloucester, 
by whom he had four sons, Christopher, Luns- 
ford, Leland, and Andrew S., and three daugh- 
ters, Nancy, Lucy, and Eleanor. Of Reuben 
Broaddus' sons, Christopher and Leland died 
childless. Lunsford, with quite a numerous 
family, removed in middle life to Illinois, and 
but little is known of his descendants. A few 


years ago two of his sons, Andrew and another 
whose name is not remembered, came to Vir- 
ginia on a brief visit. They were evidently 
men of intelligence and good character. 

Andrew S. Broaddus, the youngest son of 
Reuben, has been prominent as a citizen, a 
church member and a lawyer. After practic- 
ing law several years in Virginia, where he 
served one session in the Legislature, he 
removed to Texas in 1854. There he soon 
secured an extensive and lucrative practice, 
was for several sessions a member of the 
Legislature, and for two or three terms a 
District Judge. He has accumulated a large 
property, and is a man of influence and high 
standing in the community in which he lives. 
He is a man of ardent temperament, of decid- 
ed character, and of quick and bright intel- 
lect. He is a fluent and forcible speaker, an 
adroit and skilful debater, and a popular 
and successful advocate. He has been twice 


married. By his second marriage he has no 
child; but his descendants, by his first mar- 
riage, down to the fourth generation, number 
more than a hundred. Now in his 80th year 
he still practices law. 

Reuben Broaddus' daughter married 

Richerson, and died young, leaving one child, 
Reuben B. Richerson. He strikingly re- 
sembled his grandfather, Reuben Broaddus, 
after whom he was named, both in person 
and character. Like his grandfather, he was 
tall and commanding in stature, and like 
him, too, " he was a man of sound, but uncul- 
tivated intellect — remarkable for his pru- 
dence, simplicity of manirers and firmness of 
purpose," and like him also, " he was for 
half a century an efficient deacon of the 
Salem Baptist Church." Of his children one, 
William, was killed at the battle of Antie- 
tam; and another, Frank, who was a surgeon 
in the Confederate Army, died during the 


Civil War. His surviving children are Thomas 
H., married to Miss Nannie Broaddus, James 
Reuben, married to Miss Kathleen Butler, and 
Nannie, married to Dr. Phil. Spindle. 

Lucy Broaddus, daughter of Reuben, mar- 
ried Nathaniel Motley. He was an industri- 
ous and thrifty farmer, and stood high in the 
community for integrity and uprightness. 
The fruit of this marriage was one son, John 
Leland, and eight daughters, Elizabeth, 
Christina, Sally Ann, Polly, Laura, Alice, 
Virginia and Victoria. John Leland Motley 
is a man of intelligence and integrity, a most 
respectable citizen, and the Treasurer of 
Salem Baptist Church, of which his father and 
grandfather were deacons. He has seven 
children: Cora, married to Morris Rowe, 
Laura, John, William, Lilly, Alice and 
Andrew. Of Lucy Motley's daughters, only 
Christina, married to W. W. Broaddus, and 


Polly, widow of George Marshall, are now 

Pryor Broaddns, the fourth son of John, 
had decided mechanical talents, and was 
mainly occupied in corresponding pursuits. 
He married Prances Brown, of King and 
Queen, by whom he had four sons, William, 
Beverly, Robert and Franklin, and three 
daughters, Elizabeth, Polly and Emily. He 
died aged 67. 

The youngest son of John Broaddus, whose 
lineage we are tracing, 


from whom all who have borne his given 
name have been called, having been the first 
of the family to become distinguished, and 
having attained greater eminence than any of 
them, with one exception, corresponding 
space, in this history, should be appropriated 
to a record of his life, and a delineation of 


his character. But as he was the father of 
the present writer, propriety forbids that such 
eulogistic language should be employed by 
him in this notice as would be justifiable if 
the relationship between the two had been 
less close. Happily, however, the author is 
releived of an}^ embarrassment on this point 
b}^ being able to substitute, for anything he 
might otherwise have been compelled to say, 
the language of Rev. Dr. J. B. Jeter, as found 
in the memoir of Andrew Broaddiis which has 
been before mentioned. In quoting from this 
memoir, such portions will be omitted as are 
considered to be irrelevant to the purposes of 
this history, and the omissions thus made, 
will not be marked hy asterisks ; as in this 
way, while no injustice will be done Dr. Jeter, 
the notice will wear a more connected and 
compact form. Dr. Jeter thus speaks : 
''Andrew, the youngest son of his father, was 
born at the family residence in Caroline 


county, IS'ov. 4, 1770. His childhood gave 
promise of his future eminence. A thirst for 
knowledge, and an aptitude to acquire it were 
among his earliest intellectual developments. 
He received in all but nine months schooling. 
Of the manner of that schooling we have no 
knowledge ; but judging from the systems of 
instruction then almost universal in Virginia, 
we may reasonably conclude it was most im- 
perfect. But God had endowed this boy witri 
an uncommon intellect. He earl}^ felt in his 
bosom the kindlings of genius. He thirsted 
for knowledge as the hunted hart for the 
water-brook ; and knowledge he resolved to 
obtain. And what cannot be accomplished 
by a mind instinct with energy, and firmly 
resolved ? Andrew educated himself, as, in- 
deed, every really great man, with more or 
fewer facilities for the work, does. Often, in 
that day, when the light of candles was a 
luxury rarely enjoyed by persons in the mid- 


die class of society, did this aspiring boy lie 
flat on his breast upon the floor, poring over 
his book by the dim light of a pine knot on 
the hearth. Andrew Broaddus was baptized 
by his father in the gospel, and his religious 
guide, Elder Noell, May the 28th, 1789. At 
his baptism he was united with Upper King 
and Queen Church, then the only Baptist 
Church in the vicinity, of which Church he 
was pastor at the time of his death. Shortly 
after his baptism, he was called to offer 
exhortations at the neighboring meetings, and 
he obeyed the call. His first regular sermon 
was preached the 24th of December, 1789, at 
the house of Mrs. Lowrie, in Caroline county. 
He was ordained to the ministry at Upper 
King and Queen meeting-house, Oct. 16, 
1791, by Theodoric Noell, and R. B. Semple 
— the first, his spiritual father, and the 
second destined to be, through a long life, 
his intimate and devoted friend, his dis- 


creet counsellor, and his active fellow-laborer. 
Mr. Broaddus commenced preaching the 
gospel without a diploma — without a library 
— without theological instruction ; but he had 
what was better than all these — a deep and 
experimental sense of the truth, power, and 
preciousness of the gospel — a heart glowing 
with zeal in the cause of Christ — a mind thirst- 
ing for truth, patient in searching for it, quick 
in discerning it, and ready in appropriating 
and using it, and an elocution natural, grace- 
ful, and impressive. Elder Broaddus first 
settled in the upper end of Caroline county, 
and performed the duties of the pastorate in 
Burrus's (now Carmel) Church, and in County 
Line. Successively, and for different periods, 
the churches called Bethel, Salem, Upper King 
and Queen, Beulah, Mangohic (now Hebron), 
Upper Zion and others were favored with his 
evangelical and instructive ministrations. 
Though this was the principal, it was by no 


means the only scene of Ms useful labors. 
The Baptist Church in Fredericksburg seems 
to have been gathered and constituted by the 
joint efforts of Elder Absalom Waller and 
Elder Andrew Broaddus in 1804. The latter 
continued to preach there we know not how 
long after the constitution of the church ; but 
long enough to leave behind him a most pleas- 
ing remembrance of his affection, fidelity, and 
eminent abilities. 

In 1821 Mr. Broaddus removed to the city of 
Richmond, and became assistant pastor, with 
Rev. John Courtney, in the First Baptist 
Church. Here he remained — notwithstanding 
he was greatly beloved, increasingly popular, 
and had before him an inviting prospect of 
usefulness — only six months, owing to domes- 
tic afflictions, and pecuniary embarrassments. 
This, so far as we can learn, was his only per- 
manent residence beyond the limits of his 


native county, and the adjoining county of 
King and Queen. 

But his labors were far from being confined 
to the churches in which he statedly minister- 
ed. He was accustomed to make tours, es- 
pecially in the earlier period of his ministry, 
into the surrounding counties, everywhere at- 
tracting large congregations, and by his 
preaching edifying the godly, and winning the 
admiration of all. 

Few ministers received more flattering offers 
to settle abroad than did Elder Broaddus. If 
he remained in his native Caroline it was not 
because fields wide, pleasing, and full of 
promise were not opened to him. He was in- 
vited to accept the pastoral charge, or was 
corresponded with on the subject of accepting 
it, by the following churches : The First 
church, Boston, in 1811 and 1812, to supply 
the vacancy occasioned by the death of Dr. 
Stillman; the First Church, Philadelphia, to 


supply the place of Dr. Staughton ; the First 
Church, Baltimore, in 1819; the New Market 
Street Church, Philadelphia in 1819; the San- 
som Street Church, Pliiladelphia, in 1824 ; the 
First Church, Philadelphia, again in 1825 ; the 
Norfolk Church, in 1826 ; the First Church, city 
of New York, in 1832 ; the First Church, Rich- 
mond, in 1833, not to mention other calls of 
minor importance. These invitations to settle 
in cities and towns, in prominent positions, 
with wealthy and flourishing churches, pay- 
ing their pastors generous salaries, he deemed 
it his duty to decline; partly because he was 
averse to change, and reluctant to leave his 
old and tried friends, but mainly because of 
an unfortunate nervous sensitiveness, which 
rendered him timid among strangers, and in 
a great measure disqualified him for laboring 
in new and exciting circumstances. God 
marked out for Elder Broaddus the sphere of 
his activity, and with that sphere he was well 


content. He was an earnest, diligent, faithful 
pastor, watching for souls, as one who expect- 
ed to give account. 

He was an eminently studious man. Com- 
mencing his ministry with a meagre stock of 
knowledge, he deeply felt his deficiency, and 
endeavored, by intense application to study, 
to supply it. His reading was not extensive, 
but careful, thorough, and profitable. After 
a book had passed under his scrutiny its con- 
tents were his own, with many emendations 
and improvements. In most of his books he 
made, with his pen or pencil, in a neat abbre- 
viated hand, critical notes on the margin. 
Though not professionally an author he con- 
tributed much by his pen to enlarge the views, 
confirm the faith, and augment the efficiency 
of the denomination to which he belonged. 
He early published an octavo volume, entitled, 
" History of the Bible" — a work highly com- 
mended by the leading ministers of different 


denominations — a work of decided merits, 
but not much circulated. Many years ago lie 
prepared and issued a Catechism, intended for 
children, remarkable for its simplicity, and 
which has lately been re-issued in several 
editions, and extensively circulated, by the 
American Baptist Publication Society. At 
the request of the Dover Association he drew 
up a form of Church Discipline, scriptural in 
its principles, and tilled with judicious coun- 
sels, which was printed and circulated among 
its churches b3^ that body. A few years since 
he prepared the Dover Selection of Hymns, 
which, after a short time, was followed by the 
Virginia Selection — a large volume containing 
a greater variety of hymns, and better adapted 
to the necessities of the churches. Of these, 
many thousands have been circulated, not 
only in Virginia, but in other States. Quite 
a variety of circular letters, written at the re- 
quest of Associations, essays, addresses, ser- 


mons, notes, controversial articles, and letters 
composed on different occasions, and on sub- 
jects of permanent interest, most of which 
were published either in periodicals or pam- 
phlets, are printed with this memoir. 

Elder Broaddus found, amid the varied and 
pressing engagements of his school, his farm, 
and his ministry, time for a somewhat ex- 
tended, though not very frequent correspond- 
ence. Among the distinguished worthies, 
now reposing like himself in the tombs, who 
enjoyed his confidence and his correspond- 
ence, we notice the names of Drs. Baldwin, 
Allison, Staughton and Mercer, and Elders 
Leland, Toler, Roper, Absalom Waller, V. M. 
Mason, Luther Rice, and President Dew, 
not to name Dr. Semple, his bosom friend, and 
a host of living worthies. Few of all these 
correspondents would not readily have sub- 
scribed the remark of his early companion 
and co-laborer. Rev. A. Waller, contained in a 


letter bearing date March, 1804 : " Among the 
extensive circle of my literary brethren, I am 
candid to confess that the correspondence of 
none aflbrds me so much Christian consola- 
tion as the letters, which once in a while, I re- 
ceive from my dear Andrew." The letters 
of Mr. Broaddus were generally written with 
great care and taste, and were distinguished 
for their ease, vivacity and instructiveness. 

We are now to contemplate Elder Broaddus 
in the character of a 'polemic — a character 
very uncongenial with his meek and quiet 
spirit. Mr. Alexander Campbell, of Bethany, 
Va., first made his appearance in Eastern 
Virginia in the autumn of 1825. His debate 
on Baptism, with Rev. Mr. McCalla, had then 
recently been published, and its circulation 
had prepared the brethren to extend to him 
a cordial reception. He was considered a 
learned, able, and fearless defender of the 
peculiar views of the Baptists ; and his own 


peculiar views, of which little was known 
were lost sight of in admiration of his talents. 
He attended the Dover Association, which in 
that year was held with the Upper Essex 
Church, in Essex county, Virginia. Here he 
was introduced to Semple, Broaddus, Kerr, 
and the ministers generally of that body. On 
Lord's day he preached, with Elders Kerr and 
Bryce. His discourse was long, ingenious, 
and interesting, containing nothing positively 
offensive to the fathers in the Association, 
and remarkable rather for what it denied than 
for what it affirmed. The sermon was followed 
by several others of the same general charac- 
ter. His preaching was differently received 
by different persons ; by some it was greatly 
admired, by some it was disapproved, but 
the more judicious stood in doubt of it ; and 
all seemed desirous to become better ac- 
quainted with his views. This desire enabled 
him to procure a large subscription list for 


the CTiristian Baptist, a small monthly pam- 
phlet, which he edited and published in Beth- 
any, and which, after a few years, was merged 
into the Millennial HarMnger — a larger and 
more respectable periodical. From this time, 
the Christian Baptist became the channel of 
communication between Mr. Campbell and 
many persons in Eastern Virginia. This 
periodical was conducted in a bold, vaunting 
and bitter spirit; but with considerable in- 
genuity and force. Gradually, slowly, and 
cautiously were the peculiar views of Mr. 
Campbell developed, as the light broke on 
his own mind, or as he deemed his readers 
able to receive them. Friendl}^ communica- 
tions from Semple and others to the Christian 
Baptist, were commented on by the editor 
with great freedom and severity. These dis- 
cussions disclosed serious differences between 
the views entertained by prominent Baptist 
ministers and the Bethany Reformer. 


Elder Broaddus early became a contributor 
to the columns of the Christian Baptist. 
Never did a polemic possess a more amiable, 
meek and gentle spirit, or write in a manner 
more candid, fair and honorable. Melanch- 
thon himself did not excel him in kindness, 
courtesy, and dignity. Even Mr. Campbell, 
though accustomed to treat his opponents 
with little forbearance, was constrained to 
respect the noble bearing and vigorous talents 
of his new correspondent. Mr. Broaddus ap- 
proved what was good, censured what was 
evil, and attempted to refute what was false 
in the so-called Reformation. Of all the op- 
ponents Mr. Campbell encountered in the 
early stage of his Reformation, Elder Broad- 
dus was decidedly the most formidable. In 
him Mr, Campbell met " a foeman worthy of 
his steel." We hesitate not to express the 
opinion, that on all important points he 
gained in the discussion a most decided ad- 


vantage over the Reformer. In discrimina- 
tion, Biblical knowledge, the power of com- 
pressing his thoughts, clearness of style, log- 
ical force, courtesy and self-possession, Mr. 
Broaddus has had few superiors in the pres- 
ent age. 

In 1832 Elder Broaddus was elected to sup- 
ply the place of the excellent and lamented 
Semple, as Moderator of the Dover Associa- 
tion, then the largest Association of Baptist 
Churches in the United States, and perhaps 
in the world. This office he retained, except 
in 1839 when he was absent, till 1841, when 
at his own request he was excused from farther 

As a man. Elder Broaddus was a noble 
specimen. Erect, lithe, of graceful propor- 
tions, his person was the finest model of 
humanity. A sculptor could not have de- 
sired a nobler head for imitation, nor a painter 
a finer face for delineation. All his move- 


ments were strikingly graceful. Placed 
among a thousand men his appearance would 
have enlisted the attention, and excited the 
curiosity of the spectator. Such was the 
casket — a fit depository for a priceless gem. 
Mr. Broaddus was unquestionably a genius. 
He possessed talents which studies, and pro- 
fessors, and libraries could never have im- 
parted to him. He was endowed by nature 
with a quick perception, a clear discrimina- 
tion, a capacious understanding, an active 
imagination, a high appreciation of the beau- 
tiful and the grand, and a very retentive mem- 
ory. He possessed, in no ordinary degree, 
the elements of a poet, a painter, and an ora- 
tor. We have seen how slender were his 
early opportunities for the attainment of an 
education ; but his genius and application 
supplied the place of schools, colleges and 
books. He was his own instructor. His lit- 
erary acquirements, considering his early dis- 


advantages, were trnl}^ surprising. Few 
scholars excelled him in the critical knowl- 
edge of the English language. He had some 
acquaintance with the Latin, Greek, and 
French languages, though his knowledge of 
them was not critical. His scientific attain- 
ments, though not thorough, were extensive 
and highly respectable. His knowledge was 
full, ready, and accurate. It is indeed sur- 
prising, that, having so little intercourse with 
literary society, and no access to large and 
select libraries, and possessing comparatively 
few books of his own, his information on all 
subjects, literary, scientific and theological, 
should have been so extensive and thorough. 
If such was Andrew Broaddus, reared amid 
a comparatively poor, and sparsely-settled 
country population, what would he have been 
had fortune favored the early and full devel- 
opment of his fine genius ? We know not. 
The mind, as well as the body is sometimes 


surfeited. The means of {icqiiiiiiig an educa- 
tion are too frequently converted into the 
means of indulgence, dissipation and ruin. 
But our full conviction is, that with the ad- 
vantages of an early and well-directed educa- 
tion, and a position favorable to the full and 
vigorons exercise of his mental powers, and a 
proper improvement of these advantages, and 
but for his constitutional timidity, lie would 
have been one of the greatest men of this or 
any other age. But with all his disadvan- 
tages, when shall we look on his like again ? 
How rarely do we see a man of intellect so 
clear, of taste so refined, of knowledge so 
various, and of eloquence so winning? How- 
ever brilliant was his genius and ripe his 
scholarship, it was as a Christian that he 
most brightly sinned. He was a man of 
experimental piety. Re not only insisted in 
his ministry on the necessity of the new birth, 
but in his life he exemplified the excellence 


of the change. His piety was sincere, con- 
scientious, habitual and consistent. He was 
most emphatically a Bible Christian. He 
studied the Bible with care and diligence, 
that he might be instructed by its doctrine, 
directed by its precepts, animated by its 
examples, comforted by its promises, and 
inspired with ardor by its prophecies. 

The style of Elder Broaddus' sermons was 
perspicuous, chaste, simple, vigorous and 
beautiful. His preaching abounded in illus- 
trations. He could find some historical inci- 
dent, some principle in science, some custom, 
some object of common observation, to eluci- 
date his theme ; and the illustration never 
failed under his skilful apx3lication, to inter- 
est and instruct his hearers. 

Were we required to describe the power of 
his oratory by a single term, that term should 
be fascination. There was, in his happy 
efforts, a most captivating charm. An inci- 


dent may best illustrate this remark : more 
than twenty years ago, while in the zenith of 
his power and popularity, he attended a ses- 
sion of the Baptist General Association held 

in the town of L . Monday morning he 

preached in the Methodist Church to a crowd- 
ed audience. Mr. D., a lawyer of distinction 
on his way to the Court House, where the 
Court was in session, stopped in the street, 
beneath the fierce rays of a summer sun, to 
listen for a moment to the sermon. Business 
urged his departure, but having heard the 
commencement of a paragraph, he was intense- 
ly anxious to hear its close. Intending every 
moment to break away, he became more and 
more chained to the spot. Presently he heard 
his name called by the Sherifi" at the Court 
House door, and he soon heard the call 
repeated ; but it was to no purpose — he was 
riveted to the spot. Neither the fatigue of 
standing, the melting rays of the sun, the 


urgency of business, nor the repeated calls of 
the officer of the Court could disenchant him. 
He heard the whole of the sermon, and paid 
unwittingly the highest compliment to the 
eloquence of the preacher. 

As an author, Mr. Broaddus acquired no 
mean reputation. His compositions were 
generally penned with remarkable accuracy 
and neatness; and his publications were 
always read with interest and deference. 
Had he devoted himself to literature, he could 
not have failed of enviable eminence ; but he 
wrote only at intervals, as he was impelled by 
the solicitations of his brethren, or by the 
imperative demands of the great cause in 
which he was enlisted, and then amid frequent 
interruptions and the incessant cares of his 
pastorate. His writings are justly entitled to 
the praise of perspicuity, ease, elegance and 
good taste. They abound in weighty coun- 
sels, sound expositions of Scripture, convinc- 


ing arguments employed in a worthy cause, 
and are imbued with the spirit of piety. 
They will form an invaluable legacy to the 
Church, and will be highly appreciated by 
those who admired and loved him while liv- 
ing. The death of this venerable father was 
an appropriate termination of a life so pure, 
so faithful, so useful as his had been. When 
asked, as his death-struggle approached, 
what was the state of his mind, "Calmly 
relying on Christ," was his reply. On another 
occasion, after he had been silently musing, 
he characteristically remarked : " The angels 
are instructing me how to conduct myself in 
glory." The last words he was heard to 
whisper were, "Happy! happy! happy!" 
He fell asleep in Christ on the first day of 
December, 1848." 

To the foregoing sketch of the life and 
cliaracter of the first Andrew Broaddus, 
extracted from the memoir by Dr. Jeter, I 


have felt some inclination to append speci- 
mens of his composition, both in prose and 
verse. But I fear that some may think I have 
already given undue space in this history to 
the delineation of the character of one man ; 
though that man was the first of the family to 
become distinguished, though he attained 
greater eminence than perhaps any of the 
name, and though that delineation was drawn 
by a pen other than my own. 

I proceed, therefore, to trace the family of 
this first Andrew Broaddus. He was married 
four times. His first wife was Miss Fanny 
Temple, daughter of Col. John Temple, of 
Caroline. By this marriage he had children 
as follows : John Wickliff"e, who died unmar- 
ried; William Temple, who married Fanny 
Robinson; Eliza S., who married Elliot Chiles ; 
Maria, who married Robert Allen ; and Fanny 
T., who married William Cox. 


VVm. Tp:mpli': Broaddus 


Fanny Robii^on, liis wife. 

Children as follows : 

Lucy, widow of Rev. Robert W. Cole. 

Mary Eliza, wife of Capt. James Wright. 

Edmonia, wife of Mordecai W. Cole. 

Elliot Chiles 


Eliza Broaddus, his wife. 

Children as follows : 

Frances, married • Johnson. 

Sarah j married Duval. 

Susan, married Snellings. 

Virginia, married Snellings. 


The last named is a man of superior intelli- 
gence, with fine speaking talents, and is a 
popular and skilful physician. 


Robert Elle]^ 


Maria Broaddus, his wife. 

Cliildreii as follows : 

Robert, Monroe, Andrew, Frances and 


William Cox 


Fanny T. Broaddus, his wife. 

Children as follows : 

Richard H., who married Sarah A. Saunders. 

James T., who married Keziah . 

Richard H. Cox, who died two or three 
years ago, enjoyed a widely extended and 
very high reputation as a physician, and was 
very popular ; having represented the county 
of King and Queen for two or three sessions, 
in the Virginia Legislature. 

James T. Cox was a soldier botli in the 
Mexican "War and in the late Civil War. He 
was killed in the " Capitol Disaster " in 


Andrew Broaddiis' first wife died in 1804 or 
1805. His second marriage was with Lucy, 
daughter of Dr. Robert Honeyman, of Han- 
over, a gentleman of superior intelligence, of 
great professional eminence, and of large 
weal til. By this marriage he had no issue. 

After the death of his second wife, Mr. 
Broaddus was married to her sister, Mrs. Jane 
C. Broaddus, the widow of Christopher Broad- 
dus. By this marriage he had three children, 
Wilton H., Andrew and Columbia. 

Wilton H. Broaddus, a young man of fine 
abilities, and of a most amiable disposition, 
died in 1845. 

The second son of Andrew Broaddus, by 
his third marriage, xlndrew, the writer of this 
record, on the death of his father, in Decem- 
ber, 1848, was chosen pastor of two of the 
Churches — Salem and Upper King and Queen, 
that had been served by his father up to the 
time of his death. The pastoral relation then 


formed has continued uninterrupted up to 
this time (February, 1888). The writer has 
occasion for deep gratitude that, during this 
long period, so many unmerited honors, and 
such numerous tokens of undeserved respect 
and esteem have been received by him, not 
only from the members of the Churches under 
his charge, but also from a wide circle of 
friends and acquaintances throughout the 
State. But he is under special obligations to 
be grateful for the happy family relations 
with which he has been favored. These have 
been due under God, in large measure, to the 
character of the woman whom it was his good 
fortune to make his wife nearly fifty years 
ago. In December, 1838, he married Martha 
Jane Pitts, and from that time to the present, 
she has been his loving. companion, his wise 
counselor, and his unfaltering friend. To the 
support afforded by her constant and tender 
affection, and to the guidance of her sound 


iudgment lie is indebted, more than to any- 
thing else, for any measure of usefulness that 
may have marked his life. Her influence 
moulded the character of her children, and 
this has been to their parents a source of 
gratification and happiness which language is 
altogether inadequate to describe. 

Of the eight children who were the fruit of 

the writer's marriage, only five lived to be 

fully grown. The record is as follows : 

Andrew Broaddus 


Martha Jane Pitts, his wife. 

Their children : 

Julian, who married Hallie Terrell. 

Luther, who married Eugenie Bryan. 

Florence, who married Richard L. Williams. 

Andrew, who married Carrie Power. 

Mignonette, who is unmarried. 

Julian Broaddus, the oldest son, has nine 
children, viz : Alfred, Gwin, Florence, Louis, 


Andrew, Hallie, Caiijle, Luther and Howard. 
He is the pastor of the Baptist Church in Ber- 
ryville, Clarke county, Va. As a preacher, 
a pastor, a citizen, and a Christian gentleman, 
he exercises a wide and powerful influence, is 
respected by all who know him, and greatly 
beloved by those who know him best. 

The second son, Luther, died Oct. 21, 1885, 
in the prime of life and usefulness, at New- 
berry, S. C; where, as pastor of the Baptist 
Church for nine years, he was honored and 
beloved as few men have been. He had a 
vigorous intellect which had been cultivated 
by close study from his boyhood. He became 
a " full graduate " of the Southern Baptist 
Theological Seminary in three years, though 
beginning without any previous theological 
reading or any knowledge of Greek. He was 
a strong, clear, forcible, original, attractive, 
and eminently Evangelical preacher. His 
earnest piety, his consecrated and arduous 


labors, his pure life, his tender sympathy 
with the suffering and the distressed, endeared 
him beyond expression to the members of his 
Church and congregation, while his strong 
talents and his cordial and gentlemanly man- 
ners made him popular with all his acquaint- 
ances. At the time of his death, he was Vice- 
President for South Carolina, of the Home 
Mission Board of the Southern Baptist Con- 

It has rarely happened that the death of a 
young man has been the occasion of such 
numerous, tender and loving expressions of 
mingled sorrow and praise. 

Luther left two children, Aileen andLenore. 

Andrew, the third son, has three children. 
Gay, Carrie and Lois. He is pastor of the 
Baptist Church at Bowling Green, the county- 
seat of Caroline county, Va. Though his 
health is not robust, and though all the mem- 
bers of his family are delicate, yet he labors 


with great assiduity in Ms calling. His excel- 
lent preaching gifts, his sound judgment, his 
conservative temper, his amiable disposition, 
his blameless life, and his cordial manners 
render him popular, influential and eminently 

The oldest daughter, Florence, has one 
child, Jane Elizabeth, a girl of 16, who is 
bright, studious and promising. Florence is 
a woman of enlightened piety, great discre- 
tion, superior intelligence, and of engaging 
and popular manners. 

The youngest daughter Mignonette, is 
unmarried, and lives with her parents ; whose 
comfort and happiness, in their declining- 
years, are greatly enhanced by her thoughtful 
and tender attentions, her pure character, 
and her blameless and useful life. 

Columbia, the daughter of the first Andrew 
Broaddus by his third marriage, married 
Rev. Howard W. Montague, a Baptist minis- 


ter of strong mind, burning zeal, and great 
activity and usefulness. He died universally 
esteemed and respected. 

His widow still lives. She is a woman of 
bright intellect, of engaging manners, of un- 
usual conversational talents, and of enlight- 
ened and steady piety. She has two children; 
Evelyn, who married X. X. Charters, and has 
one child, Florence, and Andrew P. Montague, 
who married May Christian, a daughter of 
Joseph Christian, Ex- Judge of the Supreme 
Court of Appeals of Virginia. Andrew P. 
Montague has, for several years, been pro- 
fessor of Latin in Columbian University, at 
Washington, D. C. He stands high as a teach- 
er, a scholar, a gentleman, and a Christian. 
Sons of President Garfield, and of Mr. Blaine 
of Maine have been among Ids private pupils. 
He has two small children. 

In the Memoir by Dr. Jeter he says of An- 
drew Broaddus's fourth marriage: "In 1843 Rev. 


Mr. Broaddus married Miss Caroline W. Boul- 

ware, of IN'ewtown, King and Queen county. 
To this ladj was granted the honor and priv- 
ilege of soothing the last years of a life which 
had been burdened with its full share of grief 
— a service which she performed with exem- 
plary delicacy, judgment and affection. She 
had only one child, now a little boy three or 
four years old, for whose spiritual welfare the 
aged parent cherished an anxious solicitude." 
Mrs. Caroline W. Broaddus died in 1852, leav- 
ing a reputation for gentleness, kindliness, 
purity, and earnest and intelligent piety that 
has rarely been equalled. William L. Broad- 
dus, the "little boy" mentioned by Dr. Jeter 
as the only child of Andrew Broaddus, by his 
last marriage, is now a man of over forty 
years. He is a Doctor of Medicine, has a 
very extensive practice, and enjoys a reputa- 
tion unequalled, in that part of the State in 
which he lives, as a physician of distinguished 


skill and success. No man, in all the region 
of country around liim, wields a more power- 
ful influence for good, or is more highly es- 
teemed for intelligence, integrity, and benevo- 
lence. He is a leading deacon in Upper King 
and Queen Baptist Church. He married Kate 
Macon, the refined and attractive daughter 
of the late lamented and beloved Dr. John M. 
Garnett, of King and Queen county. He has 
nine children — Annie, William, Mary, Kate, 
Caroline, John, Reuben, Fanny, and the baby. 

One of John Broaddus's daughters — but I 
do not know which one — married a man named 
Bates. They have only one descendant, a 
grandson, William Bates, of Essex county, Va. 

Rev. W. A. Gaines, of South Carolina, has 
furnished a very full account of the descend- 
ants of Susan, or Susannah Broaddus, the 
fifth daughter of John Broaddus, and sister of 
the first Andrew Broaddus. I give this ac- 


count nearly in full, and mostly in Mr. Gaines's 

Edmund Pkxdlktox Gaixes 
Susaxxah Broaddus. 
Their children : 
John Mary 

Robert Patsey 

Silas Frances 


Joseph and Benjamin (Twins) 
Two daughters, Mary and Patsey, died in 
infancy, and Ezekiel died at 16 years of age. 
Seven of the ten children married. John 
Gaines, the oldest son, married Kitty Davis, 
Their record stands thus : 

John Gaines 

Kitty Davis. 





Edmund P 


William B 


Hay ward 




Robert Gaines' wife's name is unknown. H« 
raised one son, Edmund P. 

Silas Gaines 


Elizabeth Arnold. 

Their children : 

Micajah Berry Nancy 

Henry Johnson Louisa 

Nathaniel Gaines 

Clarissa Arnold. 
Their children : 
William Arnold Frances Sarah 




Sandy Walker Martha Ann 

Lawson Presle}^ Nancy Elizabeth 

Marshall Benjamin 
Edmund Pendleton 
All these sons of Nathaniel Gaines, except 
the oldest, served in the Confederate Array, 
two of them, Sandy "Walker and Lawson 
Presley, dying in the service. 
Frances Gaixes 

Their children : 
William Eliza 

Ezekiel Susan 

Edmund Mary 

John Frances 

Joseph Gaixes 
Miss Morgax 


Had seven children : 
Names unknown. 

Benjamin Gaines 
Nancy Jonks. 
Their children : 
Joseph Jane 

Susannah Broaddus, wife of Edmund Pendle- 
ton Gaines, and progenitor of the Gaineses 
who have been mentioned, was probably a 
member of a Baptist Church before she left 
Virginia, as she united with Turkey Creek 
Baptist Church, in Abbeville county, S. C, by 
letter. This church connection placed her 
under the pastoral care of Rev. Arthur Wil- 
liams, one of the soundest, ablest, and most 
pious ministers of his time. This privilege 
she highly appreciated. She was intelligent, 
pious, and greatly enjoyed the public worship 
of God, and the company of pious people. 
Her fidelity to Jesus was rewarded by tempor- 


al and spiritual blessings on herself and lier 
household. She settled the business of the 
estate, raised her children in comfort, and 
gave them such education as was afforded by 
her section of country. Her children all, with 
possibly one exception, became pious, sooner 
o r later. It is due to facts to spe a k now more 
at length of her third son. Rev. Nathaniel 
Gaines. He was in only the twelfth year of 
his age when his father died. In taste and 
disposition he was much like his mother, and 
was from his earliest years strongly inclined 
to piety. Affectionate, dutiful, fond of 
home and study, he grew up, not only without 
any lixed evil habits, but singularly free from 
any immoral conduct — the pride and hope of 
his mother. 

In those days there were no Sunday Schools. 
The preaching of Mr. Williams was profound 
and earnest, but doctrinal rather than per- 
suasive, so that it was hardly expected that 


children should join the Church. Hence 
young Gaines, extremely cautious any way, 
reached the age of twenty-three before he 
made a public profession of religion. On the 
8th day of April, 1821, he was baptized by 
Rev. Arthur Williams, and was received a 
member of Turkey Creek Church, of the 
Saluda Association. From the time of his 
conversion he had a strong and abiding desire 
to preach the Gospel. Entering the ministry 
then was about as slow work as joining the 
Church. A tedious apprenticeship, under 
"license to exercise the gift," was about in- 
evitable, and in the absence of better methods 
for developing the young, was a wise safe- 
guard. His education, while reasonably 
thorough and accurate, was limited to Eng- 
lish, not going beyond the grammar. Anxious 
to qualify himself for the most efficient ser- 
vice, he wisely resolved to go to Virginia, 
study in her University, and then spend some 


time with his maternal uncle, the first Andrew 
Broaddus, who was then preaching so success- 
fully. But unfortunately the older brothers 
of the family had married and left the pa 
ternal liome, and the next younger one had 
died, so the care of his mother, of the younger 
children, and of the estate devolved on him. 
In this dilemma he made the very natural, yet 
sad mistake — alas ! so often made — of sacri- 
ficing the future to the present, and remained 
at home. He, however, persevered in his pur- 
pose to preach, and was ordained to the full 
work of the ministr}^ about the year 1825. 
From the time he was first licensed he was 
about fifty-five years in the ministry. He was 
of vigorous, comprehensive mind, clear, bold, 
and independent as a thinker, and held the 
Bible doctrines as expounded by Dr. Gill. He 
was far ahead of his age in that his reading in 
public was natural, and his style of speaking 
conversational. He was of commanding 


height, size and figure, with a pleasant voice 
and countenance. He enjoyed, in the highest 
degree, the confidence and respect of all who 
knew him. He inherited some property, 
which he increased by judicious management, 
and which he wisely used in educating his 
children, and starting them in life. In his 
81st year a brief and painless illness ended a 
life the memory of which is blessed. His 
widow, blessed with health of mind and body, 
now (Oct. '87) in her 84th year, is living in 
pious contentment with her youngest son, 
Edmund Pendleton Gaines. One or two in- 
cidents will serve to illustrate Mr. Gaines' 
character and disposition. 

Though naturally of strong will, and of 
clear and pronounced convictions, yet he was 
a profound lover of peace. When he was of 
about middle age a wealthy and kindly young 
man married and settled near him. After 
a few years a difficulty sprang up between 


them, in which the young man was both in 
fault and was obstinate. A temporary 
estrangement ensued. Only a few weeks 
passed, when one morning Mr. Gaines went to 
the house of the other party, and, after some- 
what formal salutations, he said, "Well Mr. 
J., I have come down this morning just to tell 
you something that I believe I never told 
you." "Ah! what is that?" was asked with 
evident curiosity. Then, with trembling voice 
and tearful eyes, Mr. Gaines called him by 
his given name, and said, "I really lovie you." 
With clasped hands mutual assurances of re- 
spect and love followed, sealing, for life, a 
most cordial friendship. 

He was very fond of vocal music, but was 
opj)Osed to instrumental music in churches. 
Once he attended church in one of the cities ; 
and, on being asked by his hostess, how he 
liked the service, he replied: "I enjoyed the 
budding of Aaron's rod [the sermon] very 


much, but didn't like the bleating of his calf" 
[the organ]. 

Mr. Gaines carried out the divine injunction, 
"mind not high things, but condescend to men 
of low estate," about as conscientiously and 
gracefully as was possible for human nature. 
In a town where there was considerable wealth 
and culture, there lived a pious, but very poor 
blind man, having a wife and a large family 
of children. Often, when Mr. Gaines would 
be in town, instead of riding to church in the 
carriage of some one of his many prominent 
friends, he would walk a little out of the way, 
and escort the old blind man, with his rather 
poorly clad family, to church. He would pay 
similar attentions to the poorest people any- 
where and everywhere that occasion re- 

Having traced the descendants of the three 
oldest sons of Edward Broaddus (the first 


settler), as far as known, we return to follow 
the line of William, the fourth son. William 
Broaddus, fourth son of Edward (second son 
by his second marriage), married Miss Gaines 
and lived in Culpeper, and is known to have 
had three sons, William, Thomas, and James. 
Of these, William was a Major in the America 
Army during the Revolutionary war. His 
daughter. Miss Lavinia Deprest Broadus, 
furnishes the following account of his de- 
scendants : 

Major William Broadus married first Mrs. 
Jones. Their daughter, Catharine Wigginton 
Broadus married Wm. Mills Thomson. 

Their children were : 

1. Richard Wigginton Thomson, who mar- 
ried Harriet Gardner, of Ohio, by whom he 
had six children, Mary G., Frederick T., Rich- 
ard W., Charles, Harry, and Virginia. 

2. Mary Juliet Thomson, married Anthony 
Addison of Missouri. Their children were John 


Fayette, Sarah Catharine, Mary Mills, Murray, 
Olina C, Keturah L., Arthur B., and Anthony 

3. Martha Frances Thomson, married Sam- 
uel Campbell. Their children were Martha F., 
Mary C, Antoinette A., Philip Slaughter, and 
Robert Francis. 

4. William Mills Thomson, married Mary 
Jane Barker. Their children were Margaret, 
Catherine, John B,, and William Mills. 

Juliet Broadus, second daughter of Major 
William Broadus, married Col. Ward of the 
United States Service at Harper's Ferry. 

Patsy Broadus, third daughter of Major 
William Broadus and his wife (Mrs. Jones), 
married Merriwether Tliomson, of Harper's 
Ferry. Their children were William Merri- 
wether, "Jeff." (Confederate General), Betty 
(Mrs. Abell), Sallie (Mrs. Alfred Duffield), and 
Emma (Mrs. Dr. Wallace). 

Major William Broadus married for his 


second wife Martha Richardson, of Richmond, 
Va. Their children were Sarah Ann and 
Maria, both of whom are dead, Lavinia, and 
Mary, who married Thomas Keys, by whom 
she had six children, two sons, and four daugh- 
ters. The boys died in childhood, and the 
surviving daughters reside in St. Joseph, Mo. 
These daughters are Livy, (Mrs. Moss), 
Martha (Mrs. Knight, now dead)', Annie (Mrs. 
Dr. Knight), and Mary who is unmarried. 

James Broadus, third son of Edward, by 
his second wife, and brother of William, 
married another Miss Gaines, sister of the 
former and half-sister (>fJiidoe Edmund Pen- 
dleton, and had a son William who was, for 
many years, Clerk of Culpeper County Court, 
and familiarly known as " Clerk BWly Broad- 
us" to distinguish him from several other 
Williams. His son, William Augustus, was 
long a very popular salesman in stores at Cul- 
peper Court House. He died childless. A 


daughter married a Mr. Herndon, and her 
daughter, Nelly, married Mr. Roberts, and 
left several children. 

The following is a condensed record, to be 
followed by an extended notice, of the de- 
scendants of Thomas Broadus, the second 
son of William : 

Thomas Broadus married Mrs. Susannah 
(Ferguson) White, and had three sons, Ed- 
mund, Wm. F., and Andrew, and two daugh- 
ters, Lucy and Maria. 


Edmund Broadus, son of Thomas and Su- 
sannah Broadus, was born in the county of 
Culpeper, afterwards Rappahannock, Va., 
May 5th, 1793. 

Nancy Simms, daughter of Edward i.nd 
Amy Simms, was born September 20tl), 1790. 

Edmund Broadus and Nancv Simms were 


married, at Mountain Garden, in Madison 
County, February, 1812. 

Children of this marriage : 

James Madison, born Nov. 30, 1812. 

Martha Ann, born July 24, 1814. 

Caroline Matilda, born 1822. 

John Albert, born Jan. 24, 1827. 

Three others, who died in childhood. 

Nancy Broadus, wife of Edmund Broadus, 
died at the University of Virginia, June 22nd, 

Edmund Broadus married Somerville Ward, 
at JeflFersonton, in the County of Culpeper, 

Edmund Broadus died at the University of 
Virginia, June 27th, 1850. 

Somerville Broadus, widow of Edmund 
Broadus, died at the home of John A. Broadus, 
Greenville, S. C, May 28th, 1877. 

Descendants of James Madison Broadus : 

James Madison Broadus, son of Edmund 


and Nancy Broadus, born N"ov. 30, 1812. 
Married Ellen Barbour Gaines, daughter of 
Capt. Reuben Gaines, Nov. 24th, 1881. 

Children of this marriage : 

Clarence Linden, born Jan. 24, 1833. 

Mary Martha, born Aug. 17, 1834. 

Edmund Pendleton, born Sept. 30, 1836. 

Ellen B., wife of Jas. M. Broadus, died 
July 13, 1839. 

James M. Broadus and Mary Catharine 
Lewis were married April 20th, 1843. 

Children of this marriage : 

Wilmer Soraerville, born Feb. 28, 1844. 

Thomas Andrew, born Sept. 25, 1846. 

Edmund Lamartine, born Aug. 27, 1848, 

John James, born Jan. 10, 1850. 

Infant son (not named), born May 4, 1851. 

Susan, born March 16, 1852. 

Rosalie Madison, born Jan. 27, 1855. 

Reubenelle Lewis, born Jan. 23, 1857. 

William Francis, born Sept. 8, 1860. 


John Cooke Green, born Oct. 12, 1862. 
Lucy Catharine Moore, born Aug. 8, 1866. 


Clarence L. Broadus, son of James M. and 
Ellen B. Broadus, married Sarah Kemp. 

Children of this marriage : 

Thomas Madison, born May 8, 1856. 

Ellen Barbour, born Sept. 6, 1858. 

Mary M. Broadus, daughter of James M. 
and Ellen B. Broadus, married Dr. George H. 
Leitch, about 1859. 

Thomas A. Broadus, son of James M. and 
Ellen B. Broadus, married Sallie J. Botts,' 
Sept. 15, 1873. They have one child, Edmund 
Kemper, born Aug. 26, 1876. 


Edmund Pendleton Broadus, son of James 
M. and Ellen B. Broadus, died Nov. 8, 1838 

Edmund Lamartine, son of James M. and 
Mary C. Broadus, died April 10, 1849. 

Infant son, died June 14, 1857. 


Susan, died December, 1852. 

Wilmer Somerville, died Aug. 27, 1856. 

Jolm James, died August, 1857. 

William Francis, died • , 1863. 

Lucy Catharine Moore, died Aug. 9, 1866. 

James M. Broadus, father of the above 
named children, and son of Edmund and 
Nancy Broadus, died at his home, in Alexan- 
dria, Va., July 21st, 1880, aged sixty-seven 

Mary M. Leitch, daughter of James M. and 
Ellen B. Broadus, and widow of Dr. George 
H. Leitch, died Feb. 28th, 1881. 

Family record of Martha Ann Broadus and 
her descendants: 

Martha Ann Broadus, daughter of Edmund 
and Nancy Broadus, born July 24th, 1814. 
Married Edmund Bickers, July 24th, 1845. 

Died, June 6, 1874. 

Children of the above marriage: 

Anne Carter Bickers, born Aug. 9, 1846. 


Sarah Martha, died at 18 months of age. 

John Edmund, died at 3^ years of age. 

Carrie Willie, born Aug. 10, 1852, rlied Aug. 
29, 1870. 

Anne Carter Bickers, daughter of Edmund 
and Martha Ann Bickers, married John Micou 
Farrar, Sept. 17th, 1865. 

Children of this marriage : 

William Edmund, born Aug. 18, 1866. 

James Madison Broadus Bickers, born Feb. 
20, 1873, died Oct. 5, 1874. 

Thos. Leitch, born Mar. 2o, 1875. 

John Albert, born Mar. 12, 1877, died Nov. 
7, 1880. 

Martha Lee, born Jan. 13, 187.). 

Howard Micou, born May 15, 1885. 

Mercer Garnett, born April 21, 1887, died 
soon after. 

Caroline Matilda Broadus, daughter of 
Edmund and Nancy Broadus, married Rev. 


Win. A. Whitescarver Jan. 18tli, 1849, and 
died, childless, Aug. 25th, 1852. 

John Albert Broadus, (now known as Dr. 
John A, Broadus), the youngest child of 
Edmund and Nancy Broadus, gives an ac- 
count in a sketch which will presently appear, 
of his own immediate family, and some 
others who have not heretofore been mentioned; 
I pass therefore to 

William F. Broaddus, son of Thomas and 
Susannah Broadus, born April 80th, 1881, 
died Sept. 1876. 

Married Mary Ann Parj-ow, Oct. 28th, 1819. 

Children of this marriage : 

Edmund Samuel Broaddus, born Nov. 22, 

Amanda F., born July 23, 1823. 

Wm. Henry Crawford, born June 18, 1825. 

Mary Louisa, born June 17, 1827. 

Thomas E., born May 17, 1830. 


John F., born Mar. 15, 1838. 

Mary Ann Broaddus, wife of Wm. F. Broad- 
diis, died Sept. Sth, 1850. 

Wm. F. Broaddus married Mrs. Susan Bur- 
bridge in Kentucky, July 29th, 1851. She died 
childless, April 21st, 1852. 

Wm. F. Broaddus married Mrs. Lucy Ann 
Fleet in Virginia, April 21st, 1853. The only 
child of this marriage, Lucy Maria Broaddus, 
was born Feb. 17th, 1854. 

Marriages of Wm. F. Broaddus' children : 

Edmund Samuel married Sarah Jane Rust, 
of Warren County, Va. 

Amanda F. married John Keen, of Loudoun 
County, Feb. 14, 1840. 

Mary Louisa married Francis Webb, of 
Kentucky, Nov. 11, 1845. 

Wm. H. Crawford married Ann Dudley, of 
Kentucky, in 1846. 

Thomas E. Broaddus married Kate Gaines 
Mahan, of Kentucky, in 1858. 


Sarali Jane, wife of Edmuni Samuel Broad- 
dus, died March 25, 1841, and in 1846 lie mar- 
ried Bettie A. Baker, of Lexington, Ky, 


W. H. C. Broaddus, son of Wm. F. and 
Mary Ann Broaddus, died Aug. 9, 1850. 

Amanda (Broaddus) Keen, died in 1860. 

Louisa (Broaddus) Webh, died 

Lucy Maria Broaddus, died Nov. 8, 1861. 

John F. Broaddus, died Feb. 4, 1887. 

Wm. F. Broaddus, father of the above, died 
Sept. 1876. 

Lucy Ann Broaddus, 3rd wife of Wm. F. 
Broaddus, died Dec. 1881. 

Grandchildren of Wm. F. Broaddus : 

John Fauntleroy Broaddus, son of E. Samuel 
and Sarah J. Broaddus, born Feb. 10, 1841. 

Children of E. Samuel and Bettie A. Broad- 
dus : 

F. Webb, born Dec. 14, 1847. 

Mary Elizabeth, born Mar. 26, 1849. 


Wm. Amos, born May 24, 1850. 

Willie Crawford, born Dec. 31, 1846. 

Edmund Samuel, born Dec. 31, 1851. 

Thomas Parker, born Mar. 6, 1854. 

Willie Crawford Broaddus, son of W. H. C. 
and Ann Broaddus, was born Sept. 22, 1847. 

Children of Francis and Mary Louisa 
(Broaddus) Webb : 

Crawford Broaddus, born Sept. 20, 1846. 

Mary Farrow, born June 13, 1848. 

Lucy Woodward, born April 11, 1860. 

Nannie Susan, born Feb. 29, 1852. 

Frank, Jr., born Jan. 7, 1854. 

Kate Todhunter, born April 3, 1855. 

Mosely Hopkins, born Dec. 16, 1856. 

Charlton, born Dec. 23, 1857. 

Bessie May, born Aug. 27, 1859. 

Children of John and Amanda (Broaddus), 
Keen : 

Mary E., born Jan. 21, 1841. 

George Broaddus, born Oct. 19, 1842. 

122 HISTORY OF thp: 

Crawfordella, born Nov. 20, 1846. 
Martha Louisa, born Feb. 5, 1844. 
John Samuel, born May 15, 1848. 
Nannie Blanche 
John Willie 
Charles Fox 

Child of Thomas E. Broaddus and Kate 
Gaines Mahan : 
Paul Broaddus. ^ 


Crawfordella Keen, Aug. 4th, 1848. 

Martha Louisa Keen 

George Broaddus Keen 

Mary (Keen) Plaster 

John Samuel Keen, Aug. 18»0. 

John Willie Keen, 1886. 

Frank Webb, Jr., June 16. 1854. 

Kate Todhunter Webb, Mar. 9, 1856. 

Charlton Webb, Oct. 11, 1863. 



Andrew Broaddus, born in 1809; died March 
4tli, 1868. Married Dec. 31st, 1828. to Mrs. 
Belle Sinims, widow of Dr. John Simms, to 
whom she had been married, at the time 
of his death, only six weeks. 

Children of this marriage : 

Mar}^ Susan, born Sept. 1833. 

Virginia, born June, 1835. 

Andrew, born Dec. 11th, 1840. 

Lucy P., born Mar. 31, 1851. 

Louisa W., born April 12, 1853 ; and six 
children who died in infancy. 

Andrew Broaddus, son of the Andrew who 
married Mrs. Belle Simms, was married Sept. 5, 
1865, to Miss Bettie C. Lionberger of Luray,Va. 

Children of this marriage: 

John A. Broaddus, aged 20 years. 

Lillie B. Broaddus, aged 18 years. 

Eugenie Broaddus, aged 15 years. 

Bessie Broaddus, aged 13 years. 


' Lucy Broaddiis, aged 12 3^ears. 

Two children have died, Mary Constance, 
who died in infancy, and Edmund who died 
at the age of five. Mary Susan Broaddus, 
daughter of Andrew and Belle Broaddus, 
married first Maxy Sangster, an influential 
citizen and merchant, of Covington, Indiana. 
He died in 1863. Her second husband is J. 
L. Loveland, Mayor of Clyde, Cloud County, 
Kansas. By her' first marriage she had three 
children, a son, and two daughters. Both 
daughters have died. The son, Thomas E. 
Sangster, lives in Kansas. There have been 
no children by the second marriage. 

Virginia Broaddus, daughter of Andrew and 
Belle, married Thomas M, Almond, of Luray, 
now a prominent merchant of Lynchburg, Va. 
Virginia died in 1870, a bright Christian. 

Louisa W., another daughter, married John 
W. Rosson, a merchant of Culpeper County, 
Va. They have one child, a son. 


The following is the sketch, by Dr. John A. 
Broadus, of which it was said, a few pages 
back, that it would presently appear : 

The three brothers, William, Thomas, and 
James (sons of William), probably after their 
father's death, began to spell their name 
Broadus. There is a tradition that they were 
led to do so by a somewhat eccentric maternal 
uncle, who was fond of objecting to the use 
of unnecessary letters in words. There are 
many similar cases of slight divergence in the 
spelling of family names, as Brown, Browne, 
Broun ; Thomson, Thompson ; and probably 
Leigh and Lee. Thomas Broadus, who died 
in 1811, expressed a wish that his sons should 
return to spelling the name Broaddus, and 
William F. and Andrew, who were children 
at the time, did so. But Edmund, being al- 
ready a teacher, with some business relations, 
feared business complications if he should 
make the change. Descendants of Edmund 
and those of Major William Broadus, are 


probably the only persons wlio now spell the 
name witli one d \ also some who have Broadus 
as a middle or first name. 

Edmund Broadus was named after Judge 
Edmund Pendleton, a Judge of the Supreme 
Court of Appeals of Virginia, and a h .if 
brother of his grandmother. His father lived 
among the spurs of the Blue Ridge, in the 
upper end of what was then Culpeper, and is 
now Rappahannock county. Edmund taught 
school in the family of Edward Sims, (after- 
wards spelled Simms), a farmer of some 
means, and gave the entire proceeds for the 
first year to his mother, to meet some debts 
left at the death of his father. Marrying 
Miss Nancy Simms, daughter of Edward, he 
continued several years in that neighborhood, 
teaching school and keeping a mill, and after- 
wards moved down the country to within a 
few miles of Culpeper Court House. Nearly 
every male descendant of Thomas Broadus, 


— i 

and of his brother James, has spent part of 
his life as a school-teacher. After some years 
Edmund became a farmer and a Militia Major, 
and at length began to represent Culpeper 
county in the House of Delegates, wliich he 
continued for twenty years, with one or two 
voluntary interruptions, but without ever 
being beaten in an election. He quit the sup- 
port of President Jackson upon the famous 
" Removal of the Deposits," and was always 
afterwards a Henry Clay Whig. It has fre- 
quently been declared by former associates in 
the Legislature, that he was, for some years, 
leader of the Whig party in the House of 
Delegates. At one time, a caucus of the 
party, when in the majority, offered to elect 
him Governor; but he declined, on the ground 
that the Governor's expenses beyond the 
salary would consume all his property. He 
was from youth an earnest Christian, and 
early became an active church member, and 


in the course of years the most influential 
member of the Shiloh Baptist Association. 
When the Temperance movement began, he 
early took an interest in it, and after some 
years announced to his friends that if a can- 
didate for re-election to the House of Dele- 
gates, he would utterly abandon the then 
universal practice of " treating." Amid 
aboundihg ridicule, wrath, entreaties and 
doleful predictions, he led an active canvass 
and was elected. 

He was often called on as a peace-maker, to 
settle difficulties between individuals, or strife 
in churches. He was not a highly eloquent 
man, being deficient in imagination and the 
swell of passion ; but he was strong in argu- 
ment, clear in statement, well acquainted with 
his subjects and with human nature, happy 
in quiet humor, and able to carry the sympa- 
thies of those who heard him. Gfoing as a 
member of a Legislative Committee to inves- 


tigate certain riots at the University of Vir- 
ginia, he was strongly urged by his old friend 
Joseph C. Cabell, then Rector of the Univer- 
sity, to take charge of a new " State depart- 
ment" designed to give free tuition and 
cheapened board to one student from every 
senatorial district. He removed to the Uni- 
versity in 1846, chiefly because it would give 
his youngest son the opportunity of becoming 
a student, and died there in 1850.* 

James Madison Broadus, son of Edmund, 
spent his early life in Culpeper as teacher 
and farmer. He became connected with the 
Virginia Midland Railroad when first built, 
and was for twenty years General Ticket 
Agent for the road, up to his death. As dea- 
con of the Baptist Church in Alexandria, the 
hospitality of his home became famous. He 

*'Wltb the exception of the immediate family of John Albert, the names 
of the descendants of Edmund Broadus, with dates of births, marriages, 
and deaths, have already been given ; hence they are omitted here (except 
when given incidentally in the description of character) though given in 
the original of the above sketch. A. B. 


was a man of remarkable gifts, seeming to be 
in all respects born for public speaking.; but 
in childhood lie contracted, by imitation of a 
servant, an impediment in his speech, which 
grew excessive, and through life made it im- 
possible to carry out his manifest calling. 

John Albert Broadns, youngest child of 
Edmund, was educated chiefly by his father 
and his sister Martha, and afterwards at the 
famous boarding-school of his maternal 
uncle, Albert G. Simms, in Culpeper. After 
teaching three or four years, he entered the 
University of Virginia in 1846, and was grad- 
uated Master of Arts in 1850. He was mar- 
ried Nov. 18, 1850, to Maria Carter Harrison,* 
who died Oct. 21, 1857. The children of this 
marriage were Eliza Somerville, born Oct. 
1, 1851 ; Annie Harrison, born Sept. 17, 1853, 
married May 17, 1878, to Rev. Wickliffe Y. 
Abraham, (their son John Broadus Abraham, 

*Tlie (laughter of Dr. Gessner Harrison, of the University of Virginia. 


born Aug. 30, 1880) ; and Maria Louisa, who 
died in childhood. 

While teaching one year in the family of 
Gen. John H. Cocke, on James River, in Flu- 
vanna he preached frequently, having begun 
to prench in 1849, and been ordained in 1850. 
From 1851 to 1853, he was assistant instructor 
of Latin and Greek in the University, and at 
the same time pastor of the Charlottesville 
Baptist Church. The latter position he held 
till 1859, but from 1855 to 1857, was tempo- 
rarily released fiom duty to be chaplain to 
the University, the assistant pastor of the 
Church being Rev. A. E. Dickinson, now of 
the Religious Herald. In 1859, Mr. Broadus 
became Professor in the Southern Baptist 
Theological Seminary, then established at 
Greenville, S. C, which was his home till in 
1877 (he Seminary was removed to Louisville, 
Ky. In 1863 to 1865, the Seminary was sus- 
pended in consequence of the war. He 


preached some months of 1863 as a missionary 
in Gen. Lee's army; but finding that his 
health would not bear this, he became Corres- 
ponding Secretarj^ to a Sunday school Board 
of the Southern Baptist Convention, then 
established at Greenville to supply the desti- 
tute schools. The Board published, on Con- 
federate paper, about one hundred thousand 
primers, question books, hymn books, etc., 
and distributed them througliout the accessi- 
ble States, together with twenty-live thousand 
Testaments, sent through the line by the 
American Bible Society. Mr. Broadus was 
married a second time, Jan. 4, 1859, to Char- 
lotte Eleanor Sinclair, of Albemarle county, 
Ya. Besides two children of this marriage 
who died early, there are the following five : 

Samuel Sinclair, born Jan. 10, 1860. 

Caroline, born Feb. 21, 1863. 

Alice Virginia, born Feb. 10, 1867. 

Ella Thomas, born April 19, 1872. 


Boyce, born Nov. 24, 1874. 

William F. Broaddus, son of Thomas, be- 
came a preacher while quite young. He early 
broke away from the influence of certain "Old 
School" or "Hardshell" Baptist ministers, 
and for a number of years was in Northern 
Virginia the recognized leader of the " Mis- 
sionary Baptists." He was a pastor of four 
country churches, and at the same time a busy 
school teacher. It was his favorite theory 
that a preacher ought to be also a teacher, 
and he adhered to this during most of his life. 
He was a preacher of great popular power, 
skilful in argument, clear in statement and 
exposition, overwhelming in passionate ex- 
hortation, and overflowing with kindly humor, 
which sometimes appeared even in his ser- 
mons, and in private brightened every circle. 
He long maintained a famous boarding school 
for both sexes at Middleburg, Loudoun county, 
Virginia. Though declining invitations to 


pastorates in Baltimore, Philadelphia, and 
elsewhere, he removed, about 1840, to Lex- 
ington, Ky. Having- spent some years as pas- 
tor in that place, he went to Shelbyville, Ky., 
and again establislied a boarding school, al- 
ways preaching to surrounding churches. 
After the death of his second wife he returned 
in 1852 to Virginia. During most of his re- 
maining years he was pastor at Fredericks- 
burg, where he had a female school : but when 
driven out of that town by military operations 
he became pastor at Charlottesville, Va., and 
remained there several years after the war, 
then returning to Fredericksburg, where he 
died. During the years immediately follow- 
ing the war he traveled much to collect funds 
for the support of soldiers' orphans in differ- 
ent paits of the State, arranging by corres- 
pondence through friends to have them attend 
neighboring schools, and paying the tuition 
from his collections ; public schools not hav- 


ing tlien been established. Dr. Broaddiis was 
a man of veiy rich natural endowments and 
extremely versatile ; but Ms native facility, 
and his persuasion as to the propriety of 
teaching, prevented his maintaining in later 
life the habit of close stud}^. He was a singu- 
larly wise and kindly pastor, and showed 
the same traits in the prominent part he al- 
ways took in the work of the Baptist General 
Association of Virginia. With all his mar- 
vellous humor and wit, his inexhaustible fund 
of attractive anecdote and his brilliant repar- 
tee, he seemed never to use these powers in a 
way to give others pain ; and he appeared 
sincerely to enjoy a joke at his own expense, 
even more than at the expense of others. 

Andrew Broaddus, third son of Thomas, 
after preaching a short time in the vicinit}^ of 
Luray, Ya., labored as a Baptist preacher for 
a number of years in Northeastern Missouri, 
and afterwards for several years in Kentucky, 


chiefly as Corresponding Secretary of the 
Baptist General Association. At the out- 
break of the war he entered what was finally 
called Gen. Lee's army, as a missionary, and 
continued to the end of the war, laboring with 
extraordinary zeal and usefulness, especially 
in the way of holding protracted meetings in 
camps where there was no chaplain. His 
principal work after the war was as agent in 
Missouri for the Southern Baptist Theological 

He was a man of clear intelligence and deep 
insight into human nature. He was over- 
whelmingly earnest, and as often happens, he 
coupled with this a highly humorous turn, 
which expressed itself, sometimes even in the 
pulpit, in a very quaint and curious fashion. 
His unselfishness, and thorough consecration 
to the work of the ministry, were manifest to 

Andrew Broaddus, son of the last-mentioned, 


graduated at Georgetown College, Ky., and 
was a Lieutenant in Gen. Lee's body guard of 
cavalry. Since the war he has lived at Luray, 
having been a member of the State Legislature, 
and being now clerk of two courts, and editor 
of a local newspaper, and said to be the most 
popular man in the county. He is a zealous 
Baptist, markedly hospitable, and always 
ready to do any one a kindness — a man of 
superior intelligence and admirable character. 

Lucy Broadus, daughter of Thomas Broadus, 
and sister of Edmund, Wm. F. and Andrew, 
married her maternal cousin William Fergu- 
son, and they early removed to Illinois, where 
she died in 1871, and her husband in 1872. Of 
about twelve children it is said that three or 
four are now living, including one son. 

Maria Broadus, sister of the above Lucy, 
was born about 1805, and married John 
Strother Wallis. She died in 1831, in Vir- 
ginia, and her husband in 1839, in Illinois. 


They had four children, besides one who died 
in childhood. Sarah Wallis married Mr. Staf- 
ford, of Illinois. Her two sons, Albert Rus- 
sell and Willie, and her daughter, now Mrs. 
Mary Boyce, all live in that State. Thomas 
Oliver Wallis was a popular youth in Win- 
chester, Va., where he died at the age of nine- 
teen. Mildred Wallis married Mr, Saunders, 
of Rappahannock Co., Va., and died about 
1880. Mary Russell Wallis, the youngest 
child, has long lived at Lexington, Ky. 

James Bioadus, son of William Broaddus, 
and brother of Major William and of Thomas, 
was an ensign in the Revolutionary Army, 
and afterwards a militia Major. He was born 
Dec. 27th, 1756, and married Miss Ann Fer- 
guson, sister to the wife of his brother Thomas. 
Their children were Elizabeth, born Sept. 15, 
1782, and died in Virginia, unmarried, in 1862; 
Catharine (or Katy) Gaines, born Jan. 26, 


1787; William D., born May 16, 1789, married 
wheiij advanced in life, and died about 1850, 
in Culpeper county, without offspring ; Sarah, 
born July 8, 1792 ; Edward Watkins, born 
Dec. 15, 1795, died in 1810; James Gaines, 
born Aug. 3, 1800 ; Susan Coleman, born Dec. 
9, 1803. 

Of the above, Katy Broadus married Thomas 
N. Butts. After living some time in Fred- 
eiicksburg, and in Albemarle and Culpeper 
counties, Va., they removed to Missouri, 
where Mr. Butts died in 1862, and the wife in 

Their children are as follows : Ann Eliza- 
beth, born November. 1806, married Preston 
Lawrence in 1826, and died Aug. 12, 1881. 
Ellen N., born February, 1809, married Na- 
thaniel Hinkle, of Western Virginia, in 1839, 
and died in Utica, Mo., 1884. James M., born 
April, 1811, married Elizabeth Yager, of Mad- 
ison county, Va., in 1832, and the wife died 


in 1852. William M., born November, 1818, 
married, in 1843, Jane Yager, who has died, 
but the date is not ascertained. Martha F., 
born Feb. 4, 1816, married, in 1839, to Wash- 
ington Brannel of Western Virginia. Juliet 
A., born Oct. 27, 1818, married in 1842 to John 
S. Harper, of Albemarle county, Va., died in 
Utica, Missouri, Dec. 28, 1884. Thomas E., 
born April, 1821, married in 1851 to Martha 
Johnson, of Franklin Co., Mo., and died in 
1874. Sarah C, born Feb. 12, 1826, married 
in 1844 to Charles Harper, of Albemarle 
county, Va. All the children of the family 
except the last three were baptized in Cul- 
peper county by "old Father Garnett." 

Sarah Broadus, daughter of the above 
James, married James Burdett, of Rappahan- 
nock county, Va. Their children were James 
Broadus, Susan and Crawford. James Broad- 
us Burdett in 1871 married Mary Morton 
Woods, of Charlottesville, and lives at Cul- 


peper, Court House. Their children are James 
Morton and Gertrude Lee. 

James Gaines Broadus, son of tlie above 
James, was married Feb. 1824, to Elizabeth 
Susan Gaines, daughter of Capt. Reuben 
Gaines, of Culpeper. The wife died in 1863, 
and the husband in 1865. Their children 
were Lucy Ann, Ellen Catharine, Elizabeth 
Frances, James Henry, Susan James, Saliy 
Judson, and four 3^ounger ones who died in 
infancy. They have all lived for the most 
part in Culpeper County, Va. Miss Lucy 
Ann died at Culpeper Court House, in 1886, 
after a life of highly intelligent and earnest 
Christian usefulness. Miss Ellen Catharine 
died soon after she was grown ; and so did 
the son James Henry. Elizabeth F. was mar- 
ried, December, 1847, to Bernard G. Gordon, 
and died in 1848. Susan James was married 
Oct. 21, 1858, to Rev. Richard H. Stone. They 
spent some years in the Yoruba country, Cen- 


tral Africa, as missionaries ; but were com- 
pelled to return on account of the wife's health, 
and have ever since lived at Culpeper Court 
House, where Mr. Stone is principal of the pub- 
lic schools, and preaches to Baptist churches 
in the surrounding country. Their children, 
besides one who died in infancy, are Lucy 
Broadus, Richard Taylor, James Henry, 
Mary Conway, Ellen Barbour, and John. 

Sally Judson Broadus, daughter of James 
G., was married in Oct. 1867, to Bruce Wil- 
liam String-fellow, of Culpeper count3^ Their 
children are Ann (who died in 1876), Richard, 
Susan Blanche, James Broadus, Lucy Ann, 
Robert, Eliza, Bruce William and Sally Rich- 
ard Elna Moore ("Dixie.") 

James G. Broadus was a teacher, land sur- 
veyor, farmer and a Baptist deacon. He was 
a man of penetrating intelligence, sound judg- 
ment, massive character and earnest piety, 


who (Commanded the profound respect of all 
who knew him. 

Susan Coleman Broadus, daughter of James, 
and sister of James Gr., was married June 17, 
1839, to Frederick Burdett, brother of the 
above mentioned James Burdett, but residing 
in what is now the State of West Virginia, 
where she died July 12', 1866. The grandson 
of Mr. F. Burdett's former marriage is the 
well known humorous writer, Robert Bur- 
dette, who maintains the family tradition by 
being a Baptist deacon. The children of 
Susan Coleman Burdett, are Sarah Amanda, 
born Aug. 5, 1840; Columbia Frances, born 
July 2, 1842; Martha Catherine, born Nov. 
13, 1843; Selina Susan, born 1845, died 1850. 
Of these, Sarah Amanda was married in 1862. 
to John V. Martin, who died in 1870. Their 
children, besides two who died in infancy, are 
Frederick Thornton, Marian Kate, Jessie Bur- 
rus, Elizabeth Broadus, Bernard Leslie and 


Arthur George. Columbia Frances Burdett 
was married in 1868 to Andrew J. Stone; their 
children, besides two who died in infancy, are 
Mary Ferguson, Mattie Burdette, Lizzie Ham- 
ilton, Florence Belle, Ida Blaine. 

I add some notes about other branches of 
the family than my own. I requested Rev. 
W. A. Gaines, of Gaines, S. C, to write you a 
full account.* I knew his father, Nathaniel 
Gaines, a Baptist preacher in Abbeville 
county, S. C, who told me that his grand- 
mother was the sister of Andrew Broaddus. 
He was a good man, having the confidence of 
all, and showed extraordinary familiarity 
with the text of the English Bible. His son, 
William A. Gaines, is a man of decided intel- 
ligence and excellent character, and has been 
the useful pastor of various Churches in South 
Carolina. Another son, Rev. Tilman R. 
Gaines, after some j^ears in the pastorate, has 

*See notice of the Gaines family in a preceding part of tliis volume. 



devoted himself to various enterprises of pub- 
lication and immigration. A daughter of 
Nathaniel Gaines married Mr. Ramsey, of 
Greenville county, S. C, and their son, Rev. 
David G. Ramsey, is a graduate of Richmond 
College, and of the Southern Baptist Theolog- 
ical Seminary, and now pastor in Tusca- 
loosa, Ala. 

I add the following, obtained from Mrs. 
Robert McAllister, of Kentucky. Richard 
Broaddus came from Virginia to Madison 
county, Ky., and married Miss Bohon. His 
children were Rev. George W. Broaddus, who 
lived and died in Madison county, a Baptist 
preacher ; Hudson Broaddus, who removed to 
Missouri; Wilson, who died in Madison 
county ; and a daughter who became Mrs. 
Estell, and lives in Missouri. Hon. D. R. 
Francis, Mayor of St. Louis, is a relative of 
theirs. Rev.. George W. Broaddus married 
Miss Hunt, relative of George Hunt, D. D. 


Of their cliildren, Kate is Mrs. Robert McAllis- 
ter, living near Stamford, Ky.; John, who 
studied at Georgetown College, lives near 
Georgetown, having married Sally Rochester 
Ford, a niece of Rev. S. H. Ford. D. D.; George 
W., a graduate of Center College, Ky., is en- 
gaged in teaching. 

To the foregoing sketch of the members of 
his branch of the Broaddus family, written 
by Dr. John A. Broadus, it is proper I should 
add my own estimate of some of the persons 
therein mentioned, and especially of the 
writer of the sketch himself. 

Major Edmund Broadus, the oldest son of 
Thomas, deserved all, and much more than 
all that is said of him in the preceding sketch. 
His conservative temper, sound judgment, 
strong intellect, unswerving integrity and 
spotless life commanded the admiration and 
won the confidence of his acquaintances, 
while the influence of his deep religious char- 


acter was felt by all who knew liim. His life 
, furnislied striking proof that it is possible — 
however difficult it may' be. to unite with 
decided political opinions, and active partici- 
pation in political life, unblemished integrity 
and shining Christian graces. For thirty 
years an ardent politician, and for twenty 
years a political office-holder, yet through 
all this period he continued to grow in grace 
and knowledge, and in influence and activity 
as a Christian. Happy would it be for our 
country if such men as he generally filled the 
offices, State and Federal. Had he accepted 
the place of Governor of Virginia, urged upon 
him by his party, he would have been a 
worthy successor of the Illustrious men who 
had previously filled the Executive chair of 
the State. 

Few men have been so widely respected 
and esteemed while they lived, and so gener- 
ally lamented when they died as was James 


Madison Broadus. His intelligence and in- 
tegrity, and his consistent and active Chris- 
tian life commanded the respect and esteem 
of his acquaintances, while his cordial yet 
dignilied manners, and his abounding and 
hearty hospitality won the warm regard of 
his many friends. But for an unfortunate 
impediment of speech, acquired in childhood 
and growing with growing years, he would 
have been a man of marked distinction. 

No one who has borne the Broaddus name, 
or shared the Broaddus blood, attained such 
eminence as 


the youngest son of Major Edmund Broadus. 
In the sketch he has furnished for this volume 
he simply says that "he entered the Univer- 
sity of Virginia in 1846, and was graduated 
Master of Arts in 1850." Of course he does 
not say, what it is proper, however, I should 



John Albert Broadus. 


add, that he graduated with the highest hon- 
ors of the Institution, and that among the dis- 
tinguished alumni of that famous school none 
have reflected greater lustre on their Alma 
Mater than he. The bare facts of Dr. 
Broadus' life will be found in the sketch he 
has wiitten, and hence they are omitted here. 
I confine myself to a tribute — a very imperfect 
and inadequate one it will prove — to his 
talents and character. For profound and 
varied learning, and for distinguished talents 
as a preacher, a teacher, and a writer he has 
not only a national, but also a European rep- 
utation. He is one of the most fascinating of 
preachers. His charming simplicity of style, 
Ins winning manner, his chastened and culti- 
vated fervor, his clear conception of the truth 
and his capacity to make it clear to others, 
and his apt and striking illustrations capti- 
vate and carry away his audience whenever 
he preaches. His love of learning, his 


patience, his talent for lucid explanation, and 
his deep interest in his pupils render him one 
of the most successful, and, at the same time, 
one of the most popular of teachers. As a 
writer he enjoys a wide and well deserved 

In addition to articles of decided merit in 
Magazines and Reviews, and extensive writ- 
ing in the Religious Herald and other news- 
papers, he is author of several books that are 
destined to live long after he is dead. His 
two books, on the Preparation and Delivery 
of Sermons, and on the History of Preaching, 
are accepted as standards on the subject of 
which they treat, and much used as text- 
books in Theological Seminaries. His vol- 
ume of Sermons and Addresses has, within a 
very short time, reached a second edition, and 
he has lately completed, after twenty years 
toll, a Commentary on the Gospel of Matthew 
(published by the American Baptist Publica- 


tion Society) which, for varied and profound 
scholarship, accurate analysis, clear exposi- 
tion, eminently evangelical sentiment, strik- 
ing illustrations, and deep and reverential 
piety, is without a rival. In the nature of the 
case. Dr. Broadus' reputation is necessarily 
more extensive as a preacher and a writer, 
than as a teacher. Yet persons, who have 
the capacity, and have had the opportunity 
to form a correct judgment, regard him as an 
unequalled teacher. His work as a teacher 
has been distinguished by a self-denial and 
devotion as rare as its fruit has been bounti 
ful and blessed. 

In 1859, Drs. James P. Bo^yce, John A. 
Broadus, William Williams and Basil Manly, 
became the first professors in a Theological 
school, at Greenville, S. C, called the South- 
ern Baptist Theological Seminary. The 
school was endorsed by the Southern Baptist 
Convention, who had a right to nominate its 


trustees, and who have always given its inter- 
ests a place in the programme of their annual 
meetings. The undertaking, however, did 
not at first meet universal favor among the 
Baptists of the South. Some were opposed to 
Theological schools; regarding them as 
human factories for turning out men-made 
preachers. Others, who favored Theological 
education, yet feared that the iron-clad cur- 
riculum, then ruling in nearly or quite all 
Theological schools, would be adopted in this 
one, and that thus the freedom and force which 
had distinguished Southern Baptist preachers 
would be sacrificed to precision and formality. 
The Seminary has conquered this opposition, 
and has proved these fears to be groundless. 
The course of instruction is so flexible, that 
men of every measure of capacity, and 
widely differing in preparation may secure 
its benefits, while, at the same time, it is so 
extensive and thorough, that the highest 


attainments in linguistic and Theological 
learning may be reached by those who have 
the capacity to acquire them, and the time 
and inclination to seek them. When the 
Civil War broke out, the Seminary was in its 
infancy, just struggling to its feet. It ov/ned 
no property, its endowment was subscribed, 
but not collected, and its library and other 
school appliances were meagre. The exer- 
cises of the Seminary were necessarily sus- 
pended during the war ; and at its close, the 
prospects of the Institution, like those of 
almost every Southern College, seemed utterly 
hopeless. The people, overwhelmed by mis- 
fortune, stripped of their property, sad and 
disheartened, seemed ready to sink under 
their burdens, into despair. The struggle for 
bread appeared to demand every thought and 
effort. To attempt the maintenance of an 
unendowed Theological school among a peo- 
ple thus stripped and peeled, appeared to 


many to be folly. And it would have been 
folly, but for the dauntless courage, the 
arduous toils, and the consecrated self-denial 
of John A. Broadus, James P. Boyce, and 
their associates. Offers of desirable pas- 
torates, which had frequently been previously 
made to Dr. Broadus, became about this 
time, more numerous and urgent than ever. 
He was earnestly solicited to take charge of 
large, wealthy and intelligent city Churches — 
North and South, paying munificent salaries. 
He was also invited to be Professor or Presi- 
dent in numerous Colleges and Universities 
throughout the country. Though Dr. Broadus 
was by no means insensible of the advantages 
and enjoyments afforded by such positions, 
yet he resolutely turned away from them, 
and gave himself to the arduous toils, the 
wearying anxiety and the stern self-denial 
incident to building up the Seminary from 
the ground among a poverty-stricken people. 


And now he has his reward. The Seminary 
is established on a iirm basis. It owns a 
splendid lot in Louisville, Ky., on which a 
noble building is just completed. It has an 
endowment of $250,000, with a prospect that 
this amount will soon receive material and 
needed increase, and more than 150 young 
men are receiving instruction at the hands of 
its professors, making it one of the largest 
Theological schools in the world. The fruit 
borne by the Seminary, during the twenty- 
three years that have elapsed, since the close 
of the war, is believed to be unequalled in the 
history of similar institutions. During this 
period hundreds of young men have come out 
from the Seminary, admirably equipped men- 
tally and spiritually for their life-work. In 
our own country, and in foreign lands, they 
have been instrumental in converting thou- 
sands, and in founding and building up 
uncounted Churches. And all this has been 


due, in large measure, to the example, the 
counsels, and the instructions of Dr. Broadus 
and his associate Professors. Dr. Broadus is 
about sixty years old, and is in the prime of 
intellectual vigor, while, by his prudence and 
temperance, he has so strengthened a natu- 
rally delicate physical constitution that there 
is good ground to hope for him yet many 
years of usefulness and honor. 


was the second son of Thomas and Susannah 
Broadus. His family record, and the prom- 
inent incidents in his life have been previous- 
ly recorded in this volume. His only surviv- 
ing child, Dr. Thomas E. Broaddus, of St. 
Louis, Mo., is reported to me as an accom- 
plished gentleman, and a prominent and suc- 
cessful physician. 

Dr. Wm. F. Broaddus'' opportunities for ed- 
ucation were only such as were furnished by 



Rev. Wm. F. Broaddus. 


neighborhood schools ; bnt he had a vigorous 
intellect and an ardent temperament, and was 
distinguished by tireless industry and uncon- 
querable energy, and, like many men who 
have made their mark on the generation in 
which they lived, he, in large measure, edu- 
cated himself. Such were his attainments and 
reputation that when he reached middle life, 
Columbian College, at Washington, conferred 
on him the title of Doctor of Divinity. To Dr. 
Broaddus more than to any other man are the 
Baptists of Northwestern Piedmont, Virginia, 
and of the valley of the Shenandoah indebted 
for their present prominence, influence, and 
numbers. He commenced preaching in the 
county of Culpeper when quite young, being 
scarcely more, I believe, than twenty years of 
age. When he entered the ministry there 
were, in all the region round about, very few 
Baptists except such as were known as "Hard 
Shell" or "Black Rock" Baptists. These 


were quite numerous. ISome of them were 
persons of intelligence and of respectable 
social position, but most of them were unedu- 
cated, and were as narrow and bigoted as they 
were ignorant. They were violently opposed 
to missions, Sunday Schools, and all religious 
associations and enterprises that seek the con- 
version of men and the prcmotion of the cause 
of Christ. Some of them were antinomians, 
and all of them were predestinarians of such 
a pronounced type that they regarded it as 
presumption in a preacher to appeal to sinners 
to repent, and folly in sinners to seek repent- 
ance till impelled to it against their will by 
a supernatural and resistless Divine inpulse. 
Their ministers were uneducated, but some of 
them were men of vigorous intellect, and they 
denounced with great fervor, at great length, 
and in violent, and sometimes abusive lan- 
guage the " New Lights" as they called those 
who dared to urge men, by exhorting them to 


repent, " to take the work of God into tlieir 
own hands." Among these people Wm. F. 
Broaddus appeared, and excited no little com- 
motion. Young, ardent, of pleasing manners 
and fine personal appearance, with a bright 
intellect and attractive speaking gifts, he 
soon won the attention and admiration of the 
people, while, at the same time, he drew upon 
himself the fiercest assaults of the " Hard 
Shell" preachers. But he was equal to the 
occasion. His imperturbable good humor; 
his keen wit, his facility of speech, his insight 
into human nature, and his adroit manage- 
ment gave him the advantage in every con- 
test, and constantly strengthened his influ- 
ence. He was a tireless laborer. Riding on 
horseback over the rough mountains, living 
on the coarse fare and sleeping in the rude 
huts of the mountaineers, he was, day in and 
day out, employed in preaching in groves, 
in log cabins, in private houses — anywhere 


and everywhere that a congregation could be 
gathered. Making the tail of a wagon, a 
stump, or a rock his pulpit he poured out the 
truth from a burning heart, and carried the 
people with him. Soon a reaction commenced 
and it has gone on till all that region, once 
dead through Black Rockism, is now alive 
with active, earnest, progressive Baptists. 

Probably the most conspicuous feature of 
Dr. Broaddus' mental constitution was his 
taste and talent for the humorous. Of this 
trait numerous illustrations were furnished in 
his intercourse, during a long life, with all 
sorts of people. One case may be mentioned 
as a sample, though tlie effect of Dr. Broaddus' 
humor, as is true of humor generally, de- 
pended, in large measure, on voice and man- 
ner. During the Civil War the city of Fred- 
ericksburg was sometimes held by the Con- 
federate, and sometimes by the Federal 
troops. At one time when the latter had pos- 


session, a number of the prominent citizens of 
the place — among them Dr. Broaddns — were 
arrested, on some charge or suspicion not now 
remembered, and carried prisoners to Wash- 
ington. On reaching Washington the prison- 
ers were brought for examination before an 
officer ; when the following colloquy took place 
between him and Dr. Broaddus : 
Officer — " What is your name ?" 
Dr. 5.— '^William F. Broaddus." 
Officer — '• What does F. stand for in your 
Br. B.—'' I don't know." 
Officer — (Angrily). " Now sir, I will not 
put up with evasions or impertinence. Tell 
me at once what F. stands for in your name?" 
Dr. B. — I don't know. My mother named 
me William Francis Ferguson Broaddus. 
When I grew up to be a 3^outh of some size I 
thought it looked awkward to have two F's 
in the middle of my name, and I asked my 


mother's permission to drop one. To this she 
consented ; but I have never known whether I 
dropped the F. that stood for Francis, or the 
F. that stood for Ferguson." 

Offi,Ger— "Where were you boi-n ? " 

Dr. B. — "In Virginia." 

Offi,Ger — " In what county ? " 

Dr. 5.— "I don't know." 

Officer — (Exasperated) "I want none of 
your foolishness. Answer the question ex 
plicitly and at once." 

Dr. B. — "I was born in what at the time 
was. the county of Culpeper; but since that 
time the county of Rappahannock has been 
formed from Culpeper and the place at whicli 
I was born was cut off with Rappahannock 
county. Now if I should say I was born in 
Culpeper that would not be true, because the 
place at whicli I was born is not in Culpepei*. 
If I should say I was born in Rappahannock' 
that would not be true, because there was no 


such county when I was born. I wish you 
would tell me in what county I was born." 
By this time the officer began to appreciate 
the humor of his prisoner, and pressed him 
with no farther questions ; and when he was 
released (which was within a few days) he left 
the prison with the regrets and kindly regard 
of all connected with it. 

It is greatly to be regretted that an auto- 
biography, written and re-written by Dr. 
Broaddus, and to which reference is made in 
the extracts given below, was lost. Doubtless 
that autobiography contained not only inter- 
esting incidents in Dr. Broaddus' life, but also 
a valuable record of facts and occurrences of 
a general character. From a mere fragment, 
left by Dr. Broaddus at his death, the follow- 
ing extracts are given : 

"In very early life I had formed a habit of 
recording in such a diary as an observant boy 
of 10 or 12 years might be expected to write 


the passing incidents of my boy- days. Later 
in life, but before I was of mature age, I re- 
wrote this diary, putting it in better form, 
and adding to it such incidents as memory 
supplied, so that at about 20 years of age I 
had a pretty well connected sketcli of such in- 
cidents of my youthful life as seemed to me 
worth recoi'ding. This practice I continued 
till I was about 50 years old, when my dwell- 
ing, a large Female Academy, was burned [at 
Shelbyville, Ky.] and all the diary, number- 
ing then about seven pretty large manuscript 
volumes, written in very small hand, was 
utterly destroyed. This was a severe loss to 
me. Having then been for thirty years a min- 
ister of the Gospel, I had kept a register of 
the sermons I had preached, the names of the 
persons I had baptized into Christ, the names 
of the parties whom I had married, with many 
notes and memoranda of facts and incidents, 
such as were deemed appropriate in noting 


the progress of a man's life who had devoted 
his time and talents from an early period 
jointly to the work of the Gospel Ministry 
and to the instruction of youth. Unwilling 
that my whole life should be utterly forgot- 
ten, I resumed my Diary in 1850, and, at the 
same time, began to re-write, as best I could 
from memory, some of the more prominent in- 
cidents of my past life. This I continued, at 
intervals, up to the year 1862, by which time 
I had re- written the past record, that had been 
burned, as far as the year 1845, and had kept 
up the Diary from 1850 to 1862. But in 
November 1862 the town of Fredericksburg, 
where I then resided, was bombarded by the 
United States forces, and the town sacked and 
plundered, and my entire records of my past 
life either carried away or destroyed. And 
now (January 1872) utterly discouraged as to 
any prospect of accomplishing what I had 
fondly hoped would greatly interest some 


whom I shall leave behind me, I had given up 
all further expectation of leaving behind me 
any written record. 

But recently being confined at home by 
inclement weather in mid-winter, and also by 
infirm health, I conclude, once more, to write 
a sketch of my life — or rather commence it. 
How much of it I may finish no man can 

Though the whole of the fragmentary auto- 
biography, from which the above extract is 
made, is interesting, yet the only other portion 
of it, which seems suited to these pages, relates 
to the name of the church with which, on their 
baptism, his mother and Dr. Broaddus united, 
and which is given by him as follows : 

"This Church received its name in the fol- 
lowing singular manner. At an early day, 
when the county of Culpeper, Ya., was a mere 
wilderness, and persons could travel only in 
by-paths and on horseback, a certain spring, 


near the place now called F. T., became quite 
famous, for travellers stopping and refreshing 
'themselves with water and such food as they 
could carry with them. On a certain occasion 
one Francis Thornton, of King George county, 
Va., was travelling with a company of friends, 
through this region. They stopped at the 
aforesaid spring which broke out under the 
shade of a large beech tree. Mr. Thornton cut 
the initials of his name (F. T.) on this beech 
tree. In a short time travellers through this 
region would direct strangers to the F. T. 
spring — calling it by his initials. After the 
county became somewhat settled a black- 
smith's shop was put up near the spring, and 
called the F. T. blacksmith shop. Still later 
a country tavern was established called the 
F. T. tavern; and when, at last, the Baptists 
erected a church house in this region it was 
called the F. T. Church." 


the youngest son of Thomas and Susannah 
Broaddus, though born, reared, married, and 
living for several years in Virginia, and after- 
wards for many years in Missouri, yet return- 
ing toward the close of his life, from Ken- 
tucky, where he had also resided several years, 
to Virginia, was called, in his later years (in 
order to distinguish him from others of the 
same name), "Andrew Broaddus of Ken- 
tucky." He was a man whose high character 
and admirable qualities commanded the re- 
spect of all who knew him, and won the love 
of all his connections and friends. He was 
cheerful, yet never frivolous — amiable and 
gentle yet firm and decided. He was a 
zealous, untiring, consecrated, intelligent, 
acceptable and successful Baptist preacher. 
It was the privilege of the writer to have him 
preach at his church, during the late war, and 


to spend several days in his company. His 
hopefulness, amiability, deep and earnest 
piety, and persuasive and evangelical preach- 
ing made an impression on all who heard and 
saw him that Avill never be effaced. A state- 
ment, made to me at that time, furnishes a 
striking illustration of his hopefulness, piety 
and cheerful acquiescence in the dispensations 
of Providence. He said that he had just 
written, by the underground railroad, to his 
daughter who was across the line in what was 
then regarded as the enemy's country. He 
had written to his daughter that he hoped and 
believed the Confederacy would be successful; 
but that if it should turn out otherwise, and 
he should be made Mr. Lincoln's boot-black, 
and his wife Mrs. Lincoln's washer-woman, he 
should still sing, 

"Children of the Heavenly King, 
As ye journey sweetly sing." 

His widow, Mrs. Belle Broaddus, resides 


with her only son, Andrew, at Liiray, in Page 
county, Ya. She is justly esteemed a mother 
in Israel. She is noted for her remarkable 
cheerfulness, her affectionate disposition, her 
sympathetic benevolence, and her active and 
intelligent piety. Her son, Andrew Broaddus, 
of Luray, is, in the best sense of the term, a 
gentleman, refined, intelligent, courteous, and 
manly. His delightful home, secured by his 
own thrift and indomitable energy, is the abode 
of a bounteous and cordial hospitality, and is 
adorned not only by the presence of his 
venerated mother, but also by that of his in- 
telligent and attractive sister, Lucy, his sweet 
wife, and his interesting children. 

Having traced the lineage of the Broaddus 
family as far as the information in my pos- 
session enables me to go, I close this history 
with some general remarks suggested by the 
facts that have been mentioned. While it is 
not known to the writer that any Broaddus 


lives in a New England or Middle State, per- 
sons wearing the Broaddus name may be found 
in all the Southern States, in nearly, or quite 
all the Southwestern States, and in many of 
the Western and Northwestern States. In ad- 
dition to these there are hundreds, known by 
other names, whose lineage ma}^ be traced, on 
the one side or the other, to a Broaddus. The 
descendants of the first pair who emigrated 
from Wales and settled on Gwyn's Island 
doubtless numbered several thousand. One of 
them, R. W. Thompson, of Indiana, whose 
mother was a Broadus, was a member of Mr. 
Hayes' Cabinet. With this exception no mem- 
ber of the family is known to have occupied 
high official position, and but two may be re- 
garded as having become decidedly eminent 
in other walks of life. Several, however, have 
been distinguished, and not a few have been 
prominent and influential. They have belong- 
ed, generally, to the middle class of respect- 


able people, and have been marked by aver- 
age intelligence and education, while some of 
them have been persons of superior intellect- 
ual gifts, and of much more than ordinary at- 
tainments. Few of them have been profes- 
sional men. There have been among them 
some merchants, quite a large number of 
teachers, a few physicians, and a few lawyers, 
several of them distinguished. They have 
lived very largely in the country, engaged in 
the peaceable pursuits of agriculture— a few of 
them being mechanics. 

There have been a few unworthy characters 
among them; but the overwhelming majority 
have been persons of upright lives, and of un- 
impeachable standing. It is not known that 
any person of that name was ever arraigned 
before a court of Justice, charged with a crime 
or a misdemeanor. The Broadduses have gen- 
erally—almost universally — made a profession 
of religion in early life ; and nearl}^ all of them 


have united with the Baptists ; the only ex- 
ceptions being found among those who hav« 
become connected, by marriage, with persons 
belonging to some other denomination. The 
family has been unusually fruitful in preach- 
ers, the writer having been personally ac- 
quainted with twelve Baptist ministers be- 
longingto it. Both as ministers and laymen 
the Broadduses have been active, prominent 
and effective in seeking to subdue the world 
to Christ. To their personal efforts and in- 
fluence in this direction they have added the 
hearty support of all the educational and mis- 
sionary enterprises controlled by the denomi- 
nation to which they have belonged. They 
may justly claim to have had no insignificant 
share in securing tne prominence and progress 
reached by the Baptists of the South and West 
within the past half century. 

He that "setteth the solitary in families" 
has been especially favorable and gracious to 


the family of which the writer is a member, 
and he desires, in closing this Family History, 
to acknowledge, with humble gratitude, his- 
indebtedness for mercies peculiarly rich and 
unmerited, even when compared with those 
bestowed on his favored kindred. 

After tliis volume went into the liands of the printer a 
full sketch of tlie descendants of Edward Broaddus was re- 
ceived from his grandson, W. J. Broaddus, of Erwin, Tenn. 
I very much regret that it did not come to liand in time 
to be inserted in the book. There is, however, a sketch ol 
the descendants of Andrew Broaddus, a son of Edward, by 
Ins grandson AV. 0. Broaddus. A. B. 








First wife of Edward Broaddus unknown. 

Children— 1 Thomas. 

2 Richard. 

3 Dolly. 

Married Mary Shipp. (2nd wife.) 
Children — 4 John. 

5 William. 

6 James. 

7 Shipley. 

8 Robin. 

9 Elizabeth. 





Thomas Broaddus married Miss Ann Redd. 

Children— 10 Edward. 

11 Thomas. 

12 Sbildrake. 

13 Mordicai. 

14 John. 

15 Richard. 

16 Redd. 

17 Catharine. 

18 Elizabeth. 

19 Ann. 

20 Sarah. 

Richard Broaddus married Miss 

Vhihiren— 21 Edward Broaddus. 


Dolly Broaddus. 

Descendants not known. 


John Broaddus married Miss Frances Pryor. 

Children— 22 Wilh-ara. 
23 John. 
2-t Reuben. 

25 Pryor. 

26 Andrew. 

27 Lucy. 

28 Mary. 

29 Frances. 

30 Elizabeth. 
.'51 Susannah. 
32 Martha. 
.33 Hannah. 


William Bkoaudus married Mif^s Gaines, '^^^^/ij y • 

Children— 34 William. 
35 Thomas. 
30 .Tames. 

.Tames Bkoaddis married Miss Gaines. 
Chihlren— 2,1 William. 

Shipley Broaddus married Miss Connally. 
Descendants unknown. 

"Robin Broaddus married IMiss Sarah Harwood. 

('hihlren— 38 Warner. 

39 William. 

40 Robert. 

41 Mary. 

42 Carn"liiie. 

43 America. 

Elizabeth Broaddus married Richard Gaines. 
CMhhcn— 44 Pendleton. 

45 .Tames. 

46 Polly. 

47 Elizabeth. 



Edward Broaddus married Miss Brown. (1st wife.) 

Children 4S Thomas. 

Married a Miss Mitchel. (2nd wife.) 

Children — 49 Nancy. 
50 Sally. 


11 ./^^>4. -^/^^^ 

Thomas Broaddus married Miss Jami-s. (1st wife.) 
Children — 51 James J. 

52 Silas J. 

53 John W. 

54 Sally. 

55 Nancy. 

56 Elizabeth. 

57 Martha. 

58 Harriett. 

59 Catharine. 

60 Emily. 

61 Martha E. 

Married a Miss Watkins. (2nd wife.) 
No Children. 

Shildrake Broaddus married Miss Mary A. Pankey. 

Children— 62 Edwin. 

63 Catharine. 

64 Mary A. 

Mordkcai Broaddus married Miss May Rkynolds. 

Children— 65 Thomas. 

66 Mordecai. 

67 Elizabeth. 

68 Nancy. 

69 Mary. 

70 Fanny. 

John Broaddus married Miss America Broaddus. (1st wife) • 

Children— 71 James H. 

72 Mordecai W. 

73 John. 

74 Warner. 

75 Nancy. 

76 Mahala. 

77 Theresa. 

78 Amanda. 

79 Mary. 


Married Miss Martha Richerson. (2nd wife.) 
GhiUren— 80 William H. 

81 Robert S. 

82 Jane. 

Married Miss CathakinkGatewood. (.Srd wife.) 
Children^ 83 Joseph A. 
84 Attaway 

Richard Broaddus married Mrs. Jeteb. 

Children— 85 Elizabeth. 

86 Nancy. 

87 Lucy. 

88 Maria. 

Redd Broaddus. 

Catharine Broaddus married Edwin Motley. 
Children— 89 William. 

90 John. 

91 Richard. 

92 Elizabeth. 

Six others, names unknown. 

Elizabeth Broaddus married Golden Puller. 
Children— Seven, names unknown. 

Ann Broaddus married Robert Sale. 
Children — Three, names unknown. 

Sabah Bboaddus. 


Edward Broaddis 
Emigrated to Kentucky in 1801. Wile's name unknown. 
ChUclren— 94 James. 
95 Richard. 
90 Elizaheth. 

97 Whitfield. 

98 Beverly. 

99 Elijah. 

100 John. 

101 Thomas. 

102 Jerrv. 

103 William. 

104 Polly. 

105 Andrew. 


John Broaddu,s married Miss Sarah Zimmerman. 

Children~im William. 

Married Miss Nancy Shipp. (2nd wife.) 

Children— 107 Daughter, (name imkiiown) and four 

Reubin Broaddus married Miss Elizabeth Garland. 
Children— 108 Christopher. 

109 Lansford. 

110 Leland. 

111 Andrew S. 

112 Mary. 

113 Liicy. 

114 Eleanor. 

Pryor Broddus married Miss Frances Brown. 
Children— 115 William. 

116 Beverly. 

117 Robert. 

118 Franklin. 

119 Elizabeth. 

120 Emily. 


Andrew Beoaddus married Miss Fannie Temple. 

Children— 122 WicklifFe. 

123 William T. 

124 Maria. 

125 Eliza. 

126 Fannie T. 

Married Miss Honeyman. (2nd wife.) 
No children. 

Married Mrs. Jane Broaddus. (ord wife.) 
Children 127 Wilton H. 

128 Andrew. 

129 Columbia. 

Married Caroline Boulware. (4th wife.) 
Children — William Lee. 

Susannah Broaddus, married Edmund P. Gaines. 
Children — 130 John. 

132 Robert. 

133 Silas. 

. 13-4 Nathaniel. - 

135 Mary. 

136 Patsy. 

137 Frances. 

138 Joseph. 

139 Benjamin. 

140 Ezekiel. 

William Broaddus married Miss Jones. 
Children— l-il Catharine. 

142 Wigginton. 

143 jTiliet. 

144 Patsy. 

145 Richerson. 

Married Martha . (2nd wife.) 

Children— I-IC^ Sarah A. 

146 Maria. 

147 Lavinia. 

148 Mary. 


Thomas Broaddus married Susannah White. 
Children— U9 E'imund. 

150 William F. 

151 Andrew. 

152 Lucy. 

153 Maria. 

James Broaddus married Mary A. Furguson. 
Children — 154 Elizabeth. 

155 Catharine. 

156 William D. 

157 Sarah. 

158 Edward W. 

159 James G. 

160 Susan C. 


William Broaddus married Miss . 

Children— mi William A. 

162 Daughter, name unknown. 

William Broaddus married Elizabeth Motley. 
Children— \M Reuben. 

165 Edwin. 

166 Robert. 

167 Warner. 

168 William. 

169 Mnrdecai. 

170 Betsy. 


America Broaddus married John Broaddus. 

Children given before 71-79. 



James J. Broaddus married Miss . 

Children— m Albert. 

172 William. 

173 Martha. 

174 John. 

175 Silas B. 

176 Emma. 

177 Sally. 

Silas J. Broaddds married Miss Long. 
Children— Olin. 



Sally Broaddus married Golden Puller. 

Children — Parkinson. 
John B. 

Elizabeth Broaddus married John Gouldin. 
Children— 17^ Silas J. 

179 Thomas W. 

180 Battaile J. 

181 (ieorge. 

182 James P. 

183 Martha J. 

184 l.avinla. 

185 Virginia. 

186 Maria A. 

187 Betty. 


Harriet Broaddus married Redd Sale. 
Children— Thomas R. 


Cathrine Broaddus married Robert R 

. Sale. 


John 0. 



E. Broaddus married Andrew S. 



— Oscar. 

Lucy A. 
Martha S. 



wiN Broaddus married Polly Prici 



-188 Richard. 

189 William. 

190 John. 

191 Beverly. 

192 Jeremiah. 

193 Elijah. 

194 Whitfield. 

195 James. 
19(j Andrew. 

197 Polly. 

198 Betsy. 



Thomas Broaddus married Miss 
Children— 199 Cornelias C. 

200 William Woodson. 

201 Maria. 

202 Rosa A. 

203 Sarah. 

MoRDECAi Broaddus married Sarah A. Miller. 
Children — Woodford. 
John P. 


James H. Broaddus married Miss Gatewood. 
Children— 20i Richard F. 

Miss Boulware. (2nd wife ) 
Children — George. 


Mordecai W. Broaddus married Miss . 

Children — Joseph D. 
Robert F. 
William S. 
John E. 
Annie F. 



John Broaddus married Miss . 

Children — Reuben. 





Martha E. 





Nancy Broaddus married John Cole. 

Children— Robert W. 
R. Mordecai. 


Mahala Broaddus married Willis Pitts. 
Children— Philip. 
Mary S. 

Theresa Broaddus married George Marshall. 
Children— George W. 

Amanda Broaddus married John Gravatt. 
Children — Andrew. 



William Hyter Braoddus married Miss . 

• Children — Mary. 


Robert S. Broaddus married Miss Miller. 

Children— Eugene. 

Joseph A. Broaddus married Mary Gatewood. 
Children — Ann. 


James Broaddus married Miss . 

Children — Martha manied Mr. Kidd. married Mr. Patterson. 

Jane married Mr. Roland. 







Richard Broaddus married Mary Newland. 

Children — Hudson married Miss Reid. 

Sally married Daniel Surgeon. 
Wilsfm married Miss Cruse. 

205 Geo W. 

206 Beverly. 
Edward Nicholas. 

married Nancy Ballard. 



Elizabeth Broaddus married John Jakmhn 

Hhildren— Polly married Mr. Ef)pers<(ui. 
Sally married Mr. Price. 


WttiTFiELD Bkoaddus married Mrs. Ballabd. 

ChiJilreii -207 Elijah. 

Nicholas Edmund. 

Beverly Broaddus married Mrs. Frances Redmond. 

Chihh-en— Edward. 

Benjamin F. 
Mary J. 

Eli.jah Broaddus married Mary Barnett. 
('hilfhen—20S Joseph E. 
209 Martha A. 


John Broaddus married Mary Broaddus. 

Children — Franklin. 
Mary E. 

Married INIrs. Walker, (2nd wife.) 
Children— Eliza. 




Thomas Broaddus married Miss Newland. 

Children — A m ella. 



Jerry Broaddi-8 married Miss . 

Children — Mary. 



William Broaddus married Jane E. Moore, 

ChiUlren — James. 
Henry C. 

210 William J. 

211 Richard S. 

212 Margaret J. 

213 Mary I. 


Polly Bboaddu.s married Thomas Francis. 

Children — Susan married Mr. Ballard. 
Mary married Mr. Ballard. 
Edward E. 


Andrew Broaddus married Mies . 

Children — Edward. 
William E. 


Miss Broaddus daughter of John Broaddus married a 
Mr. Bates. 

William Bates, Essex Co., Virginia. 



LuNSPORD Broaddus married Miss . 

Children — Andrew. Several others. 
Andrew S. Broaddus married Martha E. Broaddus. 
Children — See Martha E. Broaddus 61. 

iiUCY Broaddus married Nathaniel Motley. 
Children — 214 .John Le'and. 

215 Christina. 
Sally A. 

216 Polly. 

217 Laura. 

Eleanor Broaddus married Mr. Eichardson. 
Children— 2\B Reuben B. 

Children of Pry or Broaddus the writer has no account of. 

William T. Broaddus married Miss Fanny Robinson. 

Children— 2\Q Lucy. 

220 Mary E. 

221 Edmonia. 


Maria Broaddus married Robert Allen. 

Children— Robert. 


Eliza Broaddus married Elliott Chiles. 
L'hildren — 222 Frances. 

223 Sarah. 

224 Susan. 

' 225 Virginia. 


Fannie T. Broaddus married William Cox. 
Children— 22Q Richard H. 
James T. 

Andrew Broaddus married Martha J. Pitts. 

Children — 227 .Julian. 

228 Luther. 

229 Florence. 

230 Andrew. 

Columbia Broaddus married Rev. H. W. Montague. 
Children— mi Evelyn. 
232 Andrew. 

William Lee Broaddus married Kate M. Garnett. 
Children — Annie. 

Gaines Familv. 



WiGoiNTON Broaddus married William Mills Thompson. 
Children— 233 Richard W. 

234 Mary Juliet. 

235 Martha F. 

236 William Mills. 


Juliet Biioaddus married Colonel Ward. 


Patty Broaddus married Merriwether Thompson. 

Children — William M. 


237 Bettie. 

238 Sallie. 
2.39 Emma. 

Children of Martha Richerson. 
Edmund Broadus married S. Nancy Simms. 
Children — 240 Jas. Madison. 

241 Martha A. 

242 Caroline M. 

243 John Albert. 

William F. Broaddus married Mary A. Farrow. 
Children— 2U Edmund S. 
24.5 Amanda F. 

246 Wm. H. C. 

247 Mary L. 

248 Thomas E. 
John F. 

Married Mrs. Lucy E. Fleet. (3rd wife). 
Children — Lucy Maria. 


Andrew Broaddus married Mrs. Belle Simms. 
Children— 249 Mary Susan. 

250 Virginia. 
Lucy P. 

251 Louisa W. And six others. 

LvcY Broaddus married Wm. Fukguson. 
Twelve children, four living in 1888. 


Maria Broaddus married John S. Wallis. 

Children— 252 Sarah. 

Thomas 0. 

253 Mildred. 
Mary Russell. 

Catharine Broaddus married Thomas W. Butts. 
Children — Ann E. 
Ellen N. 
James M. 
Martha F. 
Juliet A. 
Thomas E. 
Sarah C. 


Sarah Broaddus married James Burdett. 

Children — James B. 


James G. Bruaddis married Elizabeth S. Gaines. 

Children — Lucv. 

Ellen C. 
Elizabeth F. 
James Henry. 

254 Susan J. 

255 Sallv J. 



SusAX C. BKOADDUiS married Fkederick Biudett. 

Children — ^256 Sarah A. 

257 Columbia F. 
Martha C. 

Reuben Broaduus married Martha L. Oliver. 

Children — William L. 

258 Robert B. 

259 John F. 

260 Andrew. 

261 Willentina. 

262 Martha E. 

263 Jennie R. 
Mary E. 
Kate E. 

Edwin Broaddus married Eliza Montaciue. 

Children— 2CA Muscal. 

265 William. 

266 Virginia. 


Betsy Broaddus married Mr. Robbins 

Children — Broaddus. 


Martha Broaddus married Edmund Sale. 
Children — Judson. 




John Broaddvs married Laura Motley. (Ist wife). 

, Lucy Golden. (2Dd wife). 


Silas B. Beoaddis married Sallie Golden. 

Seven children. 

Silas J. Golden married Susan Parker. 
Children— John. 

Thomas W. Golden married Louis Redd. 
Children— John. 

J. Frank Golden married Victoria Motley. 
Children— Jack. . 

Mies Virginia Green. (2nd wife). 
Children — Robie. 
Miss Virginia Talley. (3rd wife). 
Children— Williamson. 

198 iriSTOKY OF THE 

Lavinia Golden married W. S. White. 
Children — George. 

Betty Golden married Mr. Conway. 
Children — Lizzie. 






Andrew Broaddus married Gracie A skin. 
Children — John E. 
Green B. 

267 Jeremiah. 
Andrew W. 
William F. 
Sidney C. 

268 Elbridge J. 

Wm. W. Broaddus married Miss Motley. 
Children — L cy. 
Woodson, and others. 


Sakah Bkoaddus married Dr. Alsop. 

Richard F. Broaddus married Miss Tiugixia .AI. HbNsiiAW, 
Cluldrcn— 269 Maurice E. 
Willie R. 
Effie V. 
Maxie G. 
Richard Fran I- . 

George W. Broaddus married Miss Hockek. 
('hililreu— Nicholas H. 
Henry C. 
James R. 
W. Audrew. 
Thomas M. 

Married Miss Hunt. (2udwife.) 
(Jhildrcn — Kate. 

Elijah Broaddus married Martha A. Broaddus. 
Children— Edward E. 
James W. 


Joseph E. Broaddus married Sarah J. Moore. 

Children — Thomas N. 
Elijah B. 

Married Miss Harriet Whittaker. (2nd wife) 
Ch ihhrn — Harvey. 
Mary J. 
Martha J. 
Lue Jackson. 
George E. 
William D. 

W.M. J. Broadiu s married Margaret E. Cartkr. 
Children— William B. 
Charles M. 
Eichard S. 
Kobert 15. 
Edward N. 
Sallie A. 
Mary L. 
270 John F. 

Richard S. Broaddcs married Mary J. Caktkr. 
Children — Carter L. 

John I^. Motley married Maria Broaddi's, 
Children— Cora. 


Reuben B. Richakdson. 
C'liildren — William. 
Thomas H. 
James R. 

RicHABD H. Broaddus married Sabah A. Sanders 
Children— Keziah. 

Julian Broaddcs married Hallik Terbkll. 
Children — Alford. 

. 228 
LuTHKR Broaddus married Sallik E. Bryan. 
Children — Aileen. 

Florence Broaddus married Mr. Williams. 
Children— Jane E. 


Andrew Broaddus mariied Miss . 

Children — Gay. 



Evelyn Montaguk married X. X. Charters. 
Children— Florence. 

Andkeav p. Montague married May 
Two Children. 

Rich abd W. Thompson married Hahbiett Gordon. 
Children — Rlai3' G. 

Frederick F. 
Richard W. 

Mary J. Thompson married Anthony Addison. 
Children— John F. 
Mary M. 
Keturah G. 
Arthur D. 
Anthony C. 

Martha F. Thompson married Samuel Campbell. 
Children — Martha F. 
Mary C. 
Antoinette A. 
Phil. S. 
Robert F. 



Wm. Mills Thompson married Mary J. Parker. 

Children — Margaret. 


John B. 

William M. 

James M. Bkoadus married Ellen B. Gaines. 
Children — 271 Clarence L. 
Mary M. 
Edmund P. 
William S. 
Thomas A. 

Married Maky C. Lewis. (2nd wife.) 
Children — Edmund L. 

John J. 


Rosalie M. 

Reuben L. L. 

William P. 

John C. G. 

Lucy C. M. 

Martha A. Broadus married Edward Bickkrs. 
Children— 212 Ann Carter. 
Sarah M. 
John E 
Carrie W. 

Caroline M. Broadus married Rev. W. A. Whitescarver. 


John Albert Broadi's married Maria C. Harrison. 

CMldrev— Eliza S. 
273 Anna H. 
Maria F. 

Miss Charlotte E. Sinclair. (2nd wife.) 
Children— Sarauel S. 
Alice B. 
Ella T. 

Edmund S. Broaddus married Bettie A. Bakek. 
ChUdren— F. Webb. 
:^rary E. 
Wiliiam A. 
Willie C. 
Edmund S. 
Thomas P. 

Amanda F. Broaddus married John Kekv. 
Children-- ISIary E. 
George B. 
Martha L. 
John S. 
Nannie B. 
John W. 
Charles F. 

Wm. H. C. Broaddus married Ann Dudley. 
Children — Willie Crawford. 


Mary Louisa"Broaddus married Francis Webb. 
Children — Crawford B. 
M»ry P. 
Lucy W. 
Nannie S. 
Kate T. 
Mosely H. 
Bessie May. 


Thomas E. Broaddus married 'Kate Gaines Maban. 
Children — Paul. 

Susan J. Bkoaddu.s married Richard Stone. 
Childreji — Lucy B. 

Richard T. 
James H. 
Mary C. 
Ellen B. 


Sallie J. Broaddus married Rev. Wsi. Stringfellow. 
Children— Ann. 


Susan B. 

James B. 

Lucy A. 



Brace W. 

8allieR. : „ 


Sakah a. Buedett married John V. Martin. 
Children— Frederick T. 
Marian K. 
Jessie B. 
Elizabeth B. 
Bed wood L. 
Arthur G. 


Columbia F. Bukdett married Andrew J Stone. 
Children — Mary F. 
Martha B. 
Lizzie H. 
Florence B. 
Ida B. 


Robert Bruce Broaddus married Harriet J. Wilson. 
Children — Roddie, 

John F. Broaddus married Adien Riqgs. 
Children— Charles. 


Andrew Broaddus married Mary A. Smith. 
Children — Mortimer. 
Robert B. 
Logan A. 


WiLLENTiNA Beoaddus married Charles Bodekek. 
children— Edwin B. 
Fannie B. 

Jennie E. Bkoaddus married Dr. D. B. Miller 
Children — Reuben B. 
Clifford M. 

MuscAL Broaddus married Miss Annie Mountcastlk. 
Children — Annie. 

WiLTiAM Bkoaddus married Susan Boone. 
Children — Willow. 

Virginia Broaddus married William D. Jones. 
Children — Edwin B. 

Jeremiah Broaddus married Juliet Oldham. 
Children — Andrew J. 
William 0. 
Susan A. 
Elbridge C. 


Elbridge J. Broaddus married Miss 
Children — Joseph. 

Maurice E. Broaddus married Lillie R. Caldwell. 
Children — ]S[ary V. 
Lucy H. 
Maurice E. 
Edna C. 
Robert C. 

Clarence L. Broaddus married Sarah Kemp. 
Children — Thomas M. 
Ellen B. 

Ann C. Bickeks married John M. Far]!ah. 
Children— William E. 
■James iSI. B. 
Thomas L. 
John A. 
Martha L. 
Howard M. 
Mercer G. 

Ann H. Broadus married W. Y. Abraham. 
Children— John B. 

,^J^4 jr^.l r^_3L~.— 




L_3J197 21319 0025